Unabridged Dictionary - Letter V

Etext from the Gutenberg project, formatted by r0k
Back to contents
View © info
View fine print
                                       V

   V (?).

   1.  V,  the  twenty-second  letter of the English alphabet, is a vocal
   consonant.  V  and U are only varieties of the same character, U being
   the  cursive  form,  while  V  is  better adapted for engraving, as in
   stone. The two letters were formerly used indiscriminately, and till a
   comparatively  recent  date  words  containing them were often classed
   together  in  dictionaries  and  other books of reference (see U). The
   letter  V  is  from  the  Latin  alphabet, where it was used both as a
   consonant  (about like English w) and as a vowel. The Latin derives it
   from it from a form (V) of the Greek vowel UPSILON (see Y), this Greek
   letter being either from the same Semitic letter as the digamma F (see
   F),  or  else added by the Greeks to the alphabet which they took from
   the Semitic. Etymologically v is most nearly related to u, w, f, b, p;
   as  in  vine,  wine;  avoirdupois,  habit,  have;  safe, save; trover,
   troubadour,  trope.  See U, F, etc. See Guide to Pronunciation,  265;
   also  155, 169, 178-179, etc.

   2. As a numeral, V stands for five, in English and Latin.

                                    Vaagmer

   Vaag"mer (?), n. [Icel. v\'begmeri a kind of flounder, literally, wave
   mare.]   (Zo\'94l.)   The  dealfish.  [Written  also  vaagm\'91r,  and
   vaagmar.]

                                    Vacancy

   Va"can*cy (?), n.; pl. Vacancies (#). [Cf. F. vacance.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state of being vacant; emptiness; hence, freedom
   from employment; intermission; leisure; idleness; listlessness.

     All  dispositions  to  idleness  or  vacancy,  even before they are
     habits, are dangerous. Sir H. Wotton.

   2.  That  which  is vacant. Specifically: -- (a) Empty space; vacuity;
   vacuum.

     How is't with you, That you do bend your eye on vacancy? Shak.

   (b)  An  open  or  unoccupied  space  between  bodies  or  things;  an
   interruption   of  continuity;  chasm;  gap;  as,  a  vacancy  between
   buildings;  a  vacancy  between  sentences or thoughts. (c) Unemployed
   time; interval of leisure; time of intermission; vacation.

     Time  lost  partly  in too oft idle vacancies given both to schools
     and universities. Milton.

     No interim, not a minute's vacancy. Shak.

     Those little vacancies from toil are sweet. Dryden.

   (d)  A  place or post unfilled; an unoccupied office; as, a vacancy in
   the  senate,  in  a  school, etc. <-- an unrented apartment, room in a
   hotel, motel, etc. -->

                                    Vacant

   Va"cant  (?),  a.  [F.,  fr. L. vacans, -antis, p. pr. of vacare to be
   empty, to be free or unoccupied, to have leisure, also vocare; akin to
   vacuus empty, and probably to E. void. Cf. Evacuate, Void, a.]

   1. Deprived of contents; not filled; empty; as, a vacant room.

     Stuffs out his vacant garments with his form. Shak.

     Being of those virtues vacant. Shak.

     There is no fireside, howsoe'er defended, But has one vacant chair.
     Longfellow.

   2.   Unengaged   with   business   or  care;  unemployed;  unoccupied;
   disengaged; free; as, vacant hours.

     Religion  is  the interest of all; but philosophy of those . . . at
     leisure, and vacant from the affairs of the world. Dr. H. More.

     There was not a minute of the day which he left vacant. Bp. Fell.

   3.  Not filled or occupied by an incumbent, possessor, or officer; as,
   a vacant throne; a vacant parish.

     Special  dignities  which  vacant lie For thy best use and wearing.
     Shak.

   4.   Empty  of  thought;  thoughtless;  not  occupied  with  study  or
   reflection; as, a vacant mind.

     The duke had a pleasant and vacant face. Sir H. Wotton.

     When on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood. Wordsworth.

   5.  (Law) Abandoned; having no heir, possessor, claimant, or occupier;
   as, a vacant estate. Bouvier.
   Vacant  succession  (Law),  one that is claimed by no person, or where
   all  the  heirs  are  unknown, or where all the known heirs to it have
   renounced  it. Burrill. Syn. -- Empty; void; devoid; free; unemployed;
   disengaged;  unincumbered;  uncrowded; idle. -- Vacant, Empty. A thing
   is  empty  when there is nothing in it; as, an empty room, or an empty
   noddle.  Vacant  adds  the  idea  of having been previously filled, or
   intended  to  be  filled  or  occupied;  as, a vacant seat at table; a
   vacant  office;  vacant  hours.  When  we  speak of a vacant look or a
   vacant  mind, we imply the absence of the intelligence naturally to be
   expected there.

                                   Vacantly

   Va"cant*ly (?), adv. In a vacant manner; inanely.

                                    Vacate

   Va"cate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Vacated  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vacating.] [L. vacare, vacatum, to be empty. See Vacant.]

   1. To make vacant; to leave empty; to cease from filling or occupying;
   as, it was resolved by Parliament that James had vacated the throne of
   England; the tenant vacated the house.

   2.  To  annul;  to  make  void;  to  deprive  of  force; to make of no
   authority  or  validity;  as,  to vacate a commission or a charter; to
   vacate proceedings in a cause.

     That  after  act  vacating  the  authority  of the precedent. Eikon
     Basilike.

     The  necessity  of  observing the Jewish Sabbath was Vacated by the
     apostolical institution of the Lord's Day. R. Nelson.

   3. To defeat; to put an end to. [R.]

     He vacates my revenge. Dryden.

                                   Vacation

   Va*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  L.  vacatio a being free from a duty,
   service, etc., fr. vacare. See Vacate.]

   1. The act of vacating; a making void or of no force; as, the vacation
   of an office or a charter.

   2. Intermission of a stated employment, procedure, or office; a period
   of intermission; rest; leisure.

     It  was  not  in  his  nature,  however,  at  least  till years had
     chastened it, to take any vacation from controversy. Palfrey.

   Hence, specifically: - (a) (Law) Intermission of judicial proceedings;
   the space of time between the end of one term and the beginning of the
   next;  nonterm;  recess. "With lawyers in the vacation." Shak. (b) The
   intermission  of  the  regular studies and exercises of an educational
   institution  between terms; holidays; as, the spring vacation. (c) The
   time  when  an office is vacant; esp. (Eccl.), the time when a see, or
   other spiritual dignity, is vacant.

                                    Vaccary

   Vac"ca*ry  (?),  n. [LL. vaccarium, from L. vacca cow. Cf. Vachery.] A
   cow house, dairy house, or cow pasture. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Wright.

                                    Vaccina

   Vac*ci"na (?), n. [NL.] (Med.) Vaccinia.

                                   Vaccinal

   Vac"ci*nal (?), a. (Med.) Of or pertaining to vaccinia or vaccination.

                                   Vaccinate

   Vac"ci*nate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vaccinated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vaccinating.]  [See Vaccine.] To inoculate with the cowpox by means of
   a  virus,  called  vaccine,  taken  either directly or indirectly from
   cows.  <--  now,  generally, to administer (by injection or otherwise)
   any vaccine with the objective of rendering the recipient immune to an
   infectious disease. -->

                                  Vaccination

   Vac`ci*na"tion  (?),  n.  The act, art, or practice of vaccinating, or
   inoculating with the cowpox, in order to prevent or mitigate an attack
   of smallpox. Cf. Inoculation. <-- 2. any inoculation intended to raise
   immunity to a disease. -->

     NOTE: &hand; In   re  cent us  e, va ccination so metimes in cludes
     inoculation with any virus as a preventive measure; as, vaccination
     of cholera.

                                  Vaccinator

   Vac"ci*na`tor (?), n. One who, or that which, vaccinates.

                                    Vaccine

   Vac"cine  (?),  a.  [L.  vaccinus, fr. vacca a cow; cf. Skr. v\'bec to
   bellow,  to  groan.]  Of or pertaining to cows; pertaining to, derived
   from,  or caused by, vaccinia; as, vaccine virus; the vaccine disease.
   --  n.  The  virus  of  vaccinia  used  in  vaccination.  <--  n.  any
   preparation  used  to  render  an  organism immune to some disease, by
   inducing or increasing the natural immunity mechanisms. Prior to 1995,
   such  preparations  usually contained killed organisms of the type for
   which  immunity  was desired, and sometimes used live organisms having
   attenuated   virulence.  Now,  preparations  contining  only  specific
   antigenic  portions  of the pathogenic organism are also used, some of
   which are prepared by genetic engineering techniques. -->

                                   Vaccinia

   Vac*cin"i*a  (?),  n.  [NL.  See Vaccine.] (Med.) Cowpox; vaccina. See
   Cowpox.

                                   Vaccinist

   Vac"ci*nist (?), n. A vaccinator.

                                   Vaccinium

   Vac*cin"i*um  (?),  n.  [L., the blueberry, or whortleberry.] (Bot.) A
   genus  of ericaceous shrubs including the various kinds of blueberries
   and the true cranberries.

                                    Vacher

   Va`cher"  (?),  n.  [F.,  from  vache a cow. Cf. Vaquero.] A keeper of
   stock  or  cattle;  a  herdsman.  [Southwestern U. S.]<-- a cowboy -->
   Bartlett.

                                    Vachery

   Vach"er*y  (?),  n.  [F.  vacherie,  from  vache  a cow, L. vacca. Cf.
   Vaccary.]

   1. An inclosure for cows.

   2. A dairy. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Prompt. Parv.

                                  Vacillancy

   Vac"il*lan*cy  (?),  n.  The  quality  or state of being vacillant, or
   wavering. [R.] Dr. H. More.

                                   Vacillant

   Vac"il*lant  (?),  a.  [L.  vacillans,  p.  pr.  of  vacillare: cf. F.
   vacillant.   See   Vacillate.]   Vacillating;  wavering;  fluctuating;
   irresolute.

                                   Vacillate

   Vac"il*late  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vacillated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vacillating.] [L. vacillare, vacillatum; cf. Skr. va&ntil;c.]

   1. To move one way and the other; to reel or stagger; to waver.

     [A  spheroid]  is always liable to shift and vacillatefrom one axis
     to another. Paley.

   2.  To  fluctuate in mind or opinion; to be unsteady or inconstant; to
   waver. Syn. -- See Fluctuate.

                                  Vacillating

   Vac"il*la`ting  (?),  a. Inclined to fluctuate; wavering. Tennyson. --
   Vac"il*la`ting*ly, adv.

                                  Vacillation

   Vac`il*la"tion (?), n. [L. vacillatio: cf. F. vacillation.]

   1. The act of vacillating; a moving one way and the other; a wavering.

     His  vacillations,  or  an alternation of knowledge and doubt. Jer.
     Taylor.

                                  Vacillatory

   Vac"il*la*to*ry  (?),  a. Inclined to vacillate; wavering; irresolute.
   Hawthorne.

                                    Vacuate

   Vac"u*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [L. vacuatus, p. p. of vacuare to empty, from
   vacuus empty. See Vacant.] To make void, or empty. [R.]

                                   Vacuation

   Vac`u*a"tion (?), n. The act of emptying; evacuation. [R.]

                                    Vacuist

   Vac"u*ist  (?),  n. [Cf. F. vacuiste.] One who holds the doctrine that
   the  space  between  the  bodies of the universe, or the molecules and
   atoms of matter., is a vacuum; -- opposed to plenist.

                                    Vacuity

   Va*cu"i*ty (?), n. [L. vacuitas. See Vacuous.]

   1.  The  quality  or state of being vacuous, or not filled; emptiness;
   vacancy; as, vacuity of mind; vacuity of countenance.

     Hunger  is  such a state of vacuity as to require a fresh supply of
     aliment. Arbuthnot.

   2.  Space  unfilled or unoccupied, or occupied with an invisible fluid
   only; emptiness; void; vacuum.

     A vacuity is interspersed among the particles of matter. Bentley.

     God  . . . alone can answer all our longings and fill every vacuity
     of our soul. Rogers.

   3. Want of reality; inanity; nihility. [R.]

     Their expectations will meet with vacuity. Glanvill.

                                    Vacuna

   Va*cu"na  (?),  n. [L. vacuus unoccupied.] (Rom. Myth.) The goddess of
   rural  leisure,  to whom the husbandmen sacrificed at the close of the
   harvest. She was especially honored by the Sabines.

                                  Vacuolated

   Vac"u*o*la`ted  (?),  a.  (Biol.)  Full  of  vacuoles,  or  small  air
   cavities; as, vacuolated cells.

                                  Vacuolation

   Vac"u*o*la"tion  (?), n. (Biol.) Formation into, or multiplication of,
   vacuoles.

                                    Vacuole

   Vac"u*ole  (?),  n. [L. vacuus empty: cf. F. vacuole.] (Biol.) A small
   air  cell, or globular space, in the interior of organic cells, either
   containing  air, or a pellucid watery liquid, or some special chemical
   secretions of the cell protoplasm. Contractile vacuole. (Zo\'94l.) See
   under  Contractile, and see Illusts. of Infusoria, and Lobosa. -- Food
   vacuole. (Zo\'94l.) See under Food, and see Illust. of Infusoria.
   
                                    Vacuous
                                       
   Vac"u*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  vacuus.  See Vacant.] Empty; unfilled; void;
   vacant. 

     Boundless  the  deep, because I am who fill Infinitude; nor vacuous
     the space. Milton.

     That the few may lead selfish and vacuous days. J. Morley.

                                  Vacuousness

   Vac"u*ous*ness,  n.  The quality or state of being vacuous; emptiness;
   vacuity. W. Montagu.

                                    Vacuum

   Vac"u*um  (?),  n.;  pl. E. Vacuums (#), L. Vacua (#). [L., fr. vacuus
   empty. See Vacuous.]

   1. (Physics) A space entirely devoid of matter (called also, by way of
   distinction,  absolute  vacuum);  hence,  in  a  more general sense, a
   space, as the interior of a closed vessel, which has been exhausted to
   a high or the highest degree by an air pump or other artificial means;
   as, water boils at a reduced temperature in a vacuum.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1591

   2.  The  condition of rarefaction, or reduction of pressure below that
   of  the  atmosphere,  in a vessel, as the condenser of a steam engine,
   which  is  nearly  exhausted of air or steam, etc.; as, a vacuum of 26
   inches of mercury, or 13 pounds per square inch.
   Vacuum  brake,  a  kind of continuous brake operated by exhausting the
   air from some appliance under each car, and so causing the pressure of
   the  atmosphere  to apply the brakes. -- Vacuum pan (Technol.), a kind
   of  large closed metallic retort used in sugar making for boiling down
   sirup.  It is so connected with an exhausting apparatus that a partial
   vacuum is formed within. This allows the evaporation and concentration
   to  take  place  at  a  lower atmospheric pressure and hence also at a
   lower  temperature,  which  largely obviates the danger of burning the
   sugar,  and  shortens the process. -- Vacuum pump. Same as Pulsometer,
   1.  --  Vacuum  tube  (Phys.),  a  glass  tube  provided with platinum
   electrodes and exhausted, for the passage of the electrical discharge;
   a  Geissler tube.<-- any tube used in electronic devices, containing a
   vacuum  and  used  to control the flow of electrons in a circuit, as a
   vacuum diode, triode, or pentode, or a . --> -- Vacuum valve, a safety
   valve opening inward to admit air to a vessel in which the pressure is
   less  than  that  of  the atmosphere, in order to prevent collapse. --
   Torricellian vacuum. See under Torricellian.

                                   Vadantes

   Va*dan"tes (?), n. pl. [NL., from L. vadans, p. pr. of vadare to wade,
   to  ford.] (Zo\'94l.) An extensive artificial group of birds including
   the wading, swimming, and cursorial birds.

                                     Vade

   Vade (?), v. i. [For fade.] To fade; hence, to vanish. [Obs.] " Summer
   leaves all vaded." Shak.

     They into dust shall vade. Spenser.

                                  Vade mecum

   Va`de  me"cum  (?).  [L.,  go  with  me.] A book or other thing that a
   person carries with him as a constant companion; a manual; a handbook.

                                   Vadimony

   Vad"i*mo*ny  (?),  n.  [L.  vadimonium.]  (Law)  A  bond or pledge for
   appearance before a judge on a certain day. [Obs.]

                                    Vadium

   Va"di*um  (?),  n.  [LL.,  from  L.  vas,  vadis, bail.] (Law) Pledge;
   security;  bail.  See  Mortgage.  Vadium  vivum  [LL.] (Law), a living
   pledge,  which  exists where an estate is granted until a debt is paid
   out of its proceeds.

                                      Vae

   Vae (?), n. See Voe. [Scot.]

                                    Vafrous

   Va"frous (?), a. [L. vafer.] Crafty; cunning; sly; as, vafrous tricks.
   [Obs.] Feltham.

                                   Vagabond

   Vag"a*bond  (?),  a.  [F.,  fr.  L.  vagabundus, from vagari to stroll
   about, from vagus strolling. See Vague.]

   1. Moving from place to place without a settled habitation; wandering.
   "Vagabond exile." Shak.

   2. Floating about without any certain direction; driven to and fro.

     To  heaven  their  prayers  Flew up, nor missed the way, by envious
     winds Blown vagabond or frustrate. Milton.

   3. Being a vagabond; strolling and idle or vicious.

                                   Vagabond

   Vag"a*bond,  n.  One  who wanders from place to place, having no fixed
   dwelling,  or  not  abiding  in  it,  and usually without the means of
   honest  livelihood;  a  vagrant; a tramp; hence, a worthless person; a
   rascal.

     A fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be. Gen. iv. 12.

     NOTE: &hand; In  En glish and American law, vagabond is used in bad
     sense,  denoting  one  who  is  without  a home; a strolling, idle,
     worthless  person.  Vagabonds are described in old English statutes
     as  "such  as  wake  on  the  night and sleep on the day, and haunt
     customable  taverns  and alehouses, and routs about; and no man wot
     from  whence  they came, nor whither they go." In American law, the
     term  vagrant  is  employed  in  the  same  sense. Cf Rogue, n., 1.
     Burrill. Bouvier.

                                   Vagabond

   Vag"a*bond,  v. i. To play the vagabond; to wander like a vagabond; to
   stroll.

     On every part my vagabonding sight Did cast, and drown mine eyes in
     sweet delight. Drummond.

                                  Vagabondage

   Vag"a*bond`age  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  vagabondage.]  The  condition of a
   vagabond; a state or habit of wandering about in idleness; vagrancy.

                                  Vagabondism

   Vag"a*bond`ism (?), n. Vagabondage.

                                  Vagabondize

   Vag"a*bond`ize  (?),  v.  i.  To play the vagabond; to wander about in
   idleness.

                                  Vagabondry

   Vag"a*bond`ry (?), n. Vagabondage.

                                     Vagal

   Va"gal  (?), a. [See Vagus.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the vagus, or
   pneumogastric nerves; pneumogastric.

                                    Vagancy

   Va"gan*cy  (?), n. [From L. vagans, p. pr. See Vagantes.] A wandering;
   vagrancy. [Obs.]

     A thousand vagancies of glory and desight. Milton.

                                   Vagantes

   Va*gan"tes (?), p. pl. [NL., fr. L. vagans, p. pr. of vagari to stroll
   or  wander.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A tribe of spiders, comprising some of those
   which  take  their  prey  in a web, but which also frequently run with
   agility, and chase and seize their prey.

                                   Vagarious

   Va*ga"ri*ous   (?),  a.  Given  to,  or  characterized  by,  vagaries;
   capricious; whimsical; crochety.

                                    Vagary

   Va*ga"ry  (?),  n.;  pl. Vagaries (#). [L. vagari to stroll about. See
   Vague.]

   1. A wandering or strolling. [Obs.]

   2.  Hence,  a  wandering  of the thoughts; a wild or fanciful freak; a
   whim; a whimsical purpose. "The vagaries of a child." Spectator.

     They changed their minds, Flew off, and into strange vagaries fell.
     Milton.

                                    Vagient

   Va"gi*ent  (?),  a.  [L. vagiens, p. pr. of vagire to cry like a young
   child.] Crying like a child. [Obs.]

                                    Vagina

   Va*gi"na (?), n.; pl. Vagin\'91 (#). [L. vagina a scabbard or sheath.]

   1.  (Anat.)  (a) A sheath; a theca; as, the vagina of the portal vein.
   (b)  Specifically,  the  canal  which  leads  from  the  uterus to the
   external orifice if the genital canal, or to the cloaca.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) The terminal part of the oviduct in insects and various
   other invertebrates. See Illust., of Spermatheca.

   3.  (Bot.)  The  basal  expansion of certain leaves, which inwraps the
   stem; a sheath.

   4.  (Arch.)  The  shaft  of  a terminus, from which the bust of figure
   seems to issue or arise.

                                    Vaginal

   Vag"i*nal (?), a. [Cf. F. vaginal.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  vagina; resembling a vagina, or sheath;
   thecal;  as,  a  vaginal synovial membrane; the vaginal process of the
   temporal bone.

   2.  (Anat.)  Of  or pertaining to the vagina of the genital canal; as,
   the vaginal artery.

                                   Vaginant

   Vag"i*nant  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  vaginant.  See  Vagina.] Serving to in
   invest,  or sheathe; sheathing. Vaginant leaf (Bot.), a leaf investing
   the stem or branch by its base, which has the form of a tube.

                              Vaginate, Vaginated

   Vag"i*nate  (?),  Vag"i*na`ted (?), a. [See Vagina.] Invested with, or
   as  if  with,  a  sheath;  as, a vaginate stem, or one invested by the
   tubular base of a leaf.

                                   Vaginati

   Vag`i*na"ti  (?),  n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) A tribe of birds comprising
   the sheathbills.

                                  Vaginervose

   Vag`i*ner*vose"  (?),  a.  [L.  vagus  wandering + E. nervose.] (Bot.)
   Having the nerves, or veins, placed in apparent disorder.

                                  Vaginicola

   Vag`i*nic"o*la  (?),  n.  [NL.,  from  L. vagina sheath + colere to in
   habit.]  (Zo\'94l.) A genus of Infusoria which form minute vaselike or
   tubular cases in which they dwell.

                                  Vaginismus

   Vag`i*nis"mus  (?), n. [NL.] (Med.) A painful spasmodic contraction of
   the vagina, often rendering copulation impossible.

                                   Vaginitis

   Vag`i*ni"tis  (?), n. [NL. See Vagina, and -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation
   of  the  vagina,  or  the  genital canal, usually of its mucous living
   membrane.

                                 Vaginopennous

   Vag`i*no*pen"nous  (?),  a. [L. vagina a sheath + penna a feather, pl.
   pennae a wing.] (Zo\'94l.) Having elytra; sheath-winged. [R.]

                                   Vaginula

   Va*gin"u*la  (?),  n. [L., dim. of vagina sheath.] (Bot.) (a) A little
   sheath,  as that about the base of the pedicel of most mosses. (b) One
   of the tubular florets in composite flowers. Henslow.

                                   Vaginule

   Vag"i*nule (?), n. (Bot.) A vaginula.

                                   Vagissate

   Vag"is*sate  (?),  v.  i. [L. vagari to stroll or wander.] To caper or
   frolic. [Obs.]

                                    Vagous

   Va"gous  (?),  a.  [L. vagus. See Vague.] Wandering; unsettled. [Obs.]
   Ayliffe.

                                   Vagrancy

   Va"gran*cy  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  a vagrant; a
   wandering without a settled home; an unsettled condition; vagabondism.

     Threatened away into banishment and vagrancy. Barrow.

                                    Vagrant

   Va"grant  (?),  a.  [Probably  fr.  OF.  waucrant,  wacrant,  p. p. of
   waucrer, wacrer, walcrer, to wander (probably of Teutonic origin), but
   influenced  by  F.  vagant,  p. pr. of vaguer to stray, L. vagari. Cf.
   Vagary.]

   1. Moving without certain direction; wandering; erratic; unsettled.

     That beauteous Emma vagrant courses took. Prior.

     While  leading  this  vagrant  and  miserable life, Johnson fell in
     live. Macaulay.

   2. Wandering from place to place without any settled habitation; as, a
   vagrant beggar.

                                    Vagrant

   Va"grant,  n.  One  who  strolls  from  place to place; one who has no
   settled habitation; an idle wanderer; a sturdy beggar; an incorrigible
   rogue; a vagabond.

     Vagrants and outlaws shall offend thy view. Prior.

                                   Vagrantly

   Va"grant*ly, adv. In a vagrant manner.

                                  Vagrantness

   Va"grant*ness, n. State of being vagrant; vagrancy.

                                     Vague

   Vague  (?), a. [Compar. Vaguer (?); superl. Vaguest.] [F. vague, or L.
   vagus. See Vague, v. i.]

   1.  Wandering;  vagrant;  vagabond.  [Archaic]  "To set upon the vague
   villains." Hayward.

     She danced along with vague, regardless eyes. Keats.

   2.  Unsettled;  unfixed;  undetermined;  indefinite;  ambiguous; as, a
   vague idea; a vague proposition.

     This  faith  is neither a mere fantasy of future glory, nor a vague
     ebullition of feeling. I. Taylor.

     The  poet  turned  away,  and  gave  himself  up to a sort of vague
     revery, which he called thought. Hawthorne.

   3.  Proceeding  from  no  known authority; unauthenticated; uncertain;
   flying; as, a vague report.

     Some legend strange and value. Longfellow.

   Vague  year.  See  Sothiac  year,  under  Sothiac.  Syn. -- Unsettled;
   indefinite;   unfixed;   ill-defined;  ambiguous;  hazy;  loose;  lax;
   uncertain.

                                     Vague

   Vague, n. [Cf. F. vague.] An indefinite expanse. [R.]

     The gray vague of unsympathizing sea. Lowell.

                                     Vague

   Vague,  v. i. [F. vaguer, L. vagari, fr. vagus roaming.] To wander; to
   roam; to stray. [Obs.] "[The soul] doth vague and wander." Holland.

                                     Vague

   Vague, n. A wandering; a vagary. [Obs.] Holinshed.

                                    Vaguely

   Vague"ly, adv. In a vague manner.

     What he vaguely hinted at, but dared not speak. Hawthorne.

                                   Vagueness

   Vague"ness, n. The quality or state of being vague.

                                     Vagus

   Va"gus   (?),  a.  [L.,  wandering.]  (Anat.)  Wandering;  --  applied
   especially   to   the  pneumogastric  nerve.  --  n.  The  vagus,  ore
   pneumogastric, nerve.

                                     Vail

   Vail (?), n. & v. t. Same as Veil.

                                     Vail

   Vail, n. [Aphetic form of avail, n.]

   1. Avails; profit; return; proceeds. [Obs.]

     My  house  is  as  were  the cave where the young outlaw hoards the
     stolen vails of his occupation. Chapman.

   2. An unexpected gain or acquisition; a casual advantage or benefit; a
   windfall. [Obs.]

   3.  Money given to servants by visitors; a gratuity; -- usually in the
   plural. [Written also vale.] Dryden.

                                     Vail

   Vail,  v.  t.  [Aphetic form of avale. See Avale, Vale.] [Written also
   vale, and veil.]

   1. To let fail; to allow or cause to sink. [Obs.]

     Vail  your  regard  Upon a wronged, I would fain have said, a maid!
     Shak.

   2.  To  lower,  or  take  off,  in  token  of  inferiority, reverence,
   submission, or the like.

     France must vail her lofty-plumed crest! Shak.

     Without  vailing  his  bonnet  or  testifying any reverence for the
     alleged sanctity of the relic. Sir. W. Scott.

                                     Vail

   Vail  (?), v. i. To yield or recede; to give place; to show respect by
   yielding,  uncovering,  or  the  like.  [Written also vale, and veil.]
   [Obs.]

     Thy convenience must vail to thy neighbor's necessity. South.

                                     Vail

   Vail, n. Submission; decline; descent. [Obs.]

                                    Vailer

   Vail"er (?), n. One who vails. [Obs.] Overbury.

                                    Vaimure

   Vai"mure  (?),  n.  An outer, or exterior. wall. See Vauntmure. [Obs.]
   Hakluyt.

                                     Vain

   Vain (?), a. [Compar. Vainer (?); superl. Vainest.] [F. vain, L. vanus
   empty, void, vain. Cf. Vanish, Vanity, Vaunt to boast.]

   1.  Having  no  real  substance,  value,  or  importance; empty; void;
   worthless; unsatisfying. "Thy vain excuse." Shak.

     Every man walketh in a vain show. Ps. xxxix. 6.

     Let no man deceive you with vain words. Eph. v. 6.

     Vain pomp, and glory of this world, I hate ye! Shak.

     Vain visdom all, and false philosophy. Milton.

   2.  Destitute  of  forge or efficacy; effecting no purpose; fruitless;
   ineffectual; as, vain toil; a vain attempt.

     Bring no more vain oblations. Isa. i. 13.

     Vain  is  the  force  of  man  To  crush the pillars which the pile
     sustain. Dryden.

   3.  Proud  of  petty things, or of trifling attainments; having a high
   opinion  of  one's  own accomplishments with slight reason; conceited;
   puffed up; inflated.

     But  wilt  thou  know,  O  vain man, that faith apart from works is
     barren? James ii. 20 (Rev. Ver.).

     The minstrels played on every side, Vain of their art. Dryden.

   4. Showy; ostentatious.

     Load some vain church with old theatric state. Pope.

   Syn.  --  Empty;  worthless;  fruitless;  ineffectual;  idle;  unreal;
   shadowy;  showy; ostentatious; light; inconstant; deceitful; delusive;
   unimportant; trifling.

                                     Vain

   Vain,  n.  Vanity;  emptiness; -- now used only in the phrase in vain.
   For vain. See In vain. [Obs.] Shak. -- In vain, to no purpose; without
   effect;  ineffectually. " In vain doth valor bleed." Milton. " In vain
   they  do worship me." Matt. xv. 9. -- To take the name of God in vain,
   to use the name of God with levity or profaneness. 

                                 Vainglorious

   Vain`glo"ri*ous  (?),  a.  Feeling  or indicating vainglory; elated by
   vanity; boastful. "Arrogant and vainglorious expression." Sir M. Hale.
   -- Vain`glo"ri*ous*ly, adv. -- Vain`glo"ri*ous*ness, n.

                                   Vainglory

   Vain`glo"ry  (?), n. [Vain + glory.] Excessive vanity excited by one's
   own  performances;  empty  pride;  undue  elation  of mind; vain show;
   boastfulness.

     He had nothing of vainglory. Bacon.

     The  man's  undone forever; for if Hector break not his neck i' the
     combat, he'll break't himself in vainglory. Shak.

                                    Vainly

   Vain"ly (?), adv. In a vain manner; in vain.

                                   Vainness

   Vain"ness, n. The quality or state of being vain.

                                     Vair

   Vair  (?),  n.  [F.  vair,  from  OF.  vair,  a.,  L.  varius various,
   variegated.  See  Various, and cf. Menivel.] The skin of the squirrel,
   much  used  in  the  fourteenth  century  as  fur  for  garments,  and
   frequently  mentioned  by  writers  of  that  period in describing the
   costly  dresses  of  kings, nobles, and prelates. It is represented in
   heraldry  by  a  series  of  small  shields placed close together, and
   alternately white and blue. Fairholt.

     No vair or ermine decked his garment. Sir W. Scott.

   Counter  vair (Her.), a fur resembling vair, except in the arrangement
   of the patches or figures.

                                     Vairy

   Vair"y  (?),  a. [F. vair\'82. See Vair, n.] (Her.) Charged with vair;
   variegated with shield-shaped figures. See Vair.

                                   Vaishnava

   Vaish"na*va  (v&imac;sh"n&adot;*v&adot;),  n.  [Skr. vaish&nsdot;ava.]
   (Hindoo   Myth.)  A  worshiper  of  the  god  Vishnu  in  any  of  his
   incarnations.

                                  Vaishnavism

   Vaish"na*vism (?), n. The worship of Vishnu.

                                    Vaisya

   Vais"ya  (?),  n.  [Skr.  vai&cced;ya.]  The  third  of the four great
   original  castes  among  the  Hindoos, now either extinct or partially
   represented  by  the  mercantile  class  of Banyas. See the Note under
   Caste, 1.

                                    Vaivode

   Vai"vode (?), n. [Cf. F. vayvode. See Waywode.] See Waywode.

                                    Vakeel

   Va*keel"  (?), n. [Ar. wak\'c6l.] A native attorney or agent; also, an
   ambassador. [India]

                                    Valance

   Val"ance (?), n. [Perhaps fr. OF. avalant descending, hanging down, p.
   pr.  of  avaler  to  go  down,  let down, descent (cf. Avalanche); but
   probably from the town of Valence in France.]

   1.  Hanging  drapery for a bed, couch, window, or the like, especially
   that  which  hangs  around  a  bedstead,  from  the  bed to the floor.
   [Written also valence.]

     Valance of Venice gold in needlework. Shak.

   2.  The  drooping edging of the lid of a trunk. which covers the joint
   when the lid is closed.

                                    Valance

   Val"ance,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Valanced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Valancing
   (?).] To furnish with a valance; to decorate with hangings or drapery.

     His  old  fringed  chair valanced around with party-colored worsted
     bobs. Sterne.

                                     Vale

   Vale  (?),  n.  [OE.  val,  F.  val,  L.  vallis;  perhaps akin to Gr.
   Avalanche,  Vail  to lower, Valley.] A tract of low ground, or of land
   between hills; a valley. " Make me a cottage in the vale." Tennyson.

     Beyond this vale of tears there is a life above. Montgomery.

     In those fair vales, by nature formed to please. Harte.

     NOTE: &hand; Va le is  mo re commonly used in poetry, and valley in
     prose and common discourse.

   Syn. -- Valley; dingle; dell; dale.

                                     Vale

   Vale, n. See 2d Vail, 3.

                                  Valediction

   Val`e*dic"tion  (?),  n. [L., valedicere, valedictum, to say farewell;
   vale  farewell (imperative of valere to be strong or well) + dicere to
   say. See Valiant, Diction.] A farewell; a bidding farewell. Donne.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1592

                                 Valedictorian

   Val`e*dic*to"ri*an  (?),  n. One who pronounces a valedictory address;
   especially,  in  American  colleges,  the  student  who pronounces the
   valedictory  of  the  graduating  class  at  the  annual commencement,
   usually the student who ranks first in scholarship.

                                  Valedictory

   Val`e*dic"to*ry  (?), a. Bidding farewell; suitable or designed for an
   occasion of leave-taking; as, a valedictory oration.

                                  Valedictory

   Val`e*dic"to*ry,  n.;  pl.  Valedictories  (. A valedictory oration or
   address  spoken  at commencement in American colleges or seminaries by
   one of the graduating class, usually by the leading scholar.

                                    Valence

   Va"lence  (?),  n.  [From  L. valens, -entis, p. pr. of valere to have
   power,  to  be  strong.  See Valiant.] (Chem.) The degree of combining
   power  of  an  atom  (or  radical)  as shown by the number of atoms of
   hydrogen (or of other monads, as chlorine, sodium, etc.) with which it
   will combine, or for which it can be substituted, or with which it can
   be  compared;  thus, an atom of hydrogen is a monad, and has a valence
   of  one;  the  atoms  of oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon are respectively
   dyads,  triads,  and  tetrads, and have a valence respectively of two,
   three, and four.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e va lence of  certain elements varies in different
     compounds.  Valence in degree may extend as high as seven or eight,
     as  in the cases of iodine and osmium respectively. The doctrine of
     valence  has  been  of fundamental importance in distinguishing the
     equivalence  from  the atomic weight, and is an essential factor in
     explaining the chemical structures of compounds.

                                   Valencia

   Va*len"ci*a  (?),  n. [Perhaps fr. Valence in France.] A kind of woven
   fabric for waistcoats, having the weft of wool and the warp of silk or
   cotton. [Written also valentia.]

                               Valenciennes lace

   Va*len`ci*ennes"  lace"  (?).  [F.;  --  so  called  after the town of
   Valenciennes.]  A  rich  kind of lace made at Valenciennes, in France.
   Each  piece is made throughout, ground and pattern, by the same person
   and with the same thread, the pattern being worked in the net.

                                    Valency

   Val"en*cy  (?),  n.;  pl.  Valencies (. (Chem.) (a) See Valence. (b) A
   unit of combining power; a so-called bond of affinity.

                                   Valentia

   Va*len"ti*a (?), n. See Valencia.

                                   Valentine

   Val"en*tine (?), n.

   1. A sweetheart chosen on St. Valentine's Day.

   2.  A  letter  containing  professions  of  love,  or  a  missive of a
   sentimental,  comic,  or  burlesque character, sent on St. Valentine's
   Day.
   St.  Valentine's  Day,  a  day  sacred  to  St. Valentine; the 14th of
   February. It was a very old notion, alluded to by Shakespeare, that on
   this  day  birds  begin  to  mate. Hence, perhaps, arose the custom of
   sending love tokens at that time.

                                  Valentinian

   Val`en*tin"i*an  (?),  n.  (Eccl.  Hist.) One of a school of Judaizing
   Gnostics  in  the  second  century;  -- so called from Valentinus, the
   founder.

                                  Valeramide

   Val`er*am"ide  (?),  n.  [Valeric  +  amide.]  (Chem.)  The acid amide
   derivative of valeric acid, obtained as a white crystalline substance.

                                   Valerate

   Val"er*ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of valeric acid.

                                   Valerian

   Va*le"ri*an  (?),  n.  [LL.  valeriana, perhaps from some person named
   Valerius,  or  fr. L. valere to be strong. powerful, on account of its
   medicinal virtues: cf. F. val\'82riane.] (Bot.) Any plant of the genus
   Valeriana.  The  root of the officinal valerian (V. officinalis) has a
   strong  smell, and is much used in medicine as an antispasmodic. Greek
   valerian  (Bot.),  a plant (Polemonium c\'91ruleum) with blue or white
   flowers, and leaves resembling those of the officinal valerian.

                                Valerianaceous

   Va*le`ri*an*a"ceous  (?),  a. (Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling,
   plants  of  a natural order (Valerianacc\'91) of which the valerian is
   the  type.  The  order  includes also the corn salads and the oriental
   spikenard.

                                  Valerianate

   Va*le"ri*an*ate (?), n. (Chem.) A valerate.

                                  Valerianic

   Va*le`ri*an"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Performance  to,  or obtained from,
   valerian  root;  specifically,  designating  an  acid which is usually
   called valeric acid.

                                    Valeric

   Va*ler"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.) Valerianic; specifically, designating any
   one  of  three  metameric acids, of which the typical one (called also
   inactive  valeric  acid), C4H9CO2H, is obtained from valerian root and
   other  sources,  as  a corrosive, mobile, oily liquid, having a strong
   acid  taste,  and  an  odor  of  old  cheese.  Active  valeric acid, a
   metameric  variety which turns the plane of polarization to the right,
   although formed by the oxidation of a levorotatory amyl alcohol.

                                  Valeridine

   Va*ler"i*dine  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A base, C10H19N, produced by heating
   valeric  aldehyde  with  ammonia. It is probably related to the conine
   alkaloids.

                                    Valerin

   Val"er*in (?), n. [Valeric + glycerin.] (Chem.) A salt of valeric acid
   with  glycerin,  occurring  in  butter,  dolphin  oil., and forming an
   forming an oily liquid with a slightly unpleasant odor.

                                  Valeritrine

   Va*ler"i*trine  (?),  n.  [Valeric  + iropine + -ine.] (Chem.) A base,
   C15H27N, produced together with valeridine, which it resembles.

                                    Valero-

   Val"er*o-. (Chem.) A combining form (also used adjectively) indicating
   derivation  from, or relation to, valerian or some of its products, as
   valeric acid; as in valerolactone, a colorless oily liquid produced as
   the anhydride of an hydroxy valeric acid.

                                   Valerone

   Val"er*one  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A ketone of valeric acid obtained as an
   oily liquid.

                                    Valeryl

   Val"er*yl  (?),  n.  [Valeric + -yl.] (Chem.) The hypothetical radical
   C5H9O,  regarded  as  the  essential  nucleus  of certain valeric acid
   derivatives.

                                  Valerylene

   Val`er*yl*ene  (?),  n.  (Chem.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C5H8; -- called
   also pentine.

                                     Valet

   Val"et (?; 277), n. [F. valet, OF. vallet, varlet, vaslet. See Varlet,
   and Vassal.]

   1.  A  male  waiting  servant;  a  servant  who attends on gentleman's
   person; a body servant.

   2. (Man.) A kind of goad or stick with a point of iron.
   Valet de chambre ( [F.], a body servant, or personal attendant.

                                Valetudinarian

   Val`e*tu`di*na"ri*an  (?),  a. [L. valetudinarius, from valetudo state
   of health, health, ill health, fr. valere to be strong or well: cf. F.
   val\'82tudinaire.  See  Valiant.] Of infirm health; seeking to recover
   health; sickly; weakly; infirm.

     My feeble health and valetudinarian stomach. Coleridge.

     The  virtue  which  the  world  wants  is a healthful virtue, not a
     valetudinarian virtue. Macaulay.

                                Valetudinarian

   Val`e*tu`di*na"ri*an,  n.  A  person of a weak or sickly constitution;
   one who is seeking to recover health.

     Valetudinarians must live where they can command and scold. Swift.

                               Valetudinarianism

   Val`e*tu`di*na"ri*an*ism  (?), n. The condition of a valetudinarian; a
   state of feeble health; infirmity.

                                 Valetudinary

   Val`e*tu"di*na*ry   (?),   a.   Infirm;   sickly;  valetudinarian.  --
   Val`e*tu"di*na*ri*ness, n.

     It renders the habit of society dangerously. Burke.

                                 Valetudinary

   Val`e*tu"di*na*ry, n. A valetudinarian.

                                 Valetudinous

   Val`e*tu"di*nous  (?),  a.  Valetudinarian.  [Obs.]  "The valetudinous
   condition of King Edward." Fuller.

                                   Valhalla

   Val*hal"la  (?),  n.  [Icel. valh\'94ll, literally, hall of the slain;
   valr the slain (akin to AS. w\'91l, OHG. wal battlefield, wuol defeat,
   slaughter,  AS. w&omac;l pestilence) + h\'94ll a royal hall. See Hall,
   and cf. Walhalla.] [Written also walhalla.]

   1. (Scand. Myth.) The palace of immortality, inhabited by the souls of
   heroes slain in battle.

   2.  Fig.:  A  hall  or  temple adorned with statues and memorials of a
   nation's heroes; specifically, the Pantheon near Ratisbon, in Bavaria,
   consecrated to the illustrious dead of all Germany.

                              Valiance, Valiancy

   Val"iance (?), Val"ian*cy (?), n. [Cf. F. vaillance. See Valiant.] The
   quality or state of being valiant; bravery; valor. [Obs.] "His doughty
   valiance." Spenser.

                                    Valiant

   Val"iant  (?),  a.  [OE.  valiant,  F. vaillant, OF. vaillant, valant,
   originally  p.  pr.  of  OF.  & F. valoir to be worth, L. valere to be
   strong.  See  Wield,  and  cf. Avail, Convalesce, Equivalent, Prevail,
   Valid.]

   1.  Vigorous  in  body; strong; powerful; as, a valiant fencer. [Obs.]
   Walton.

   2. Intrepid in danger; courageous; brave.

     A valiant and most expert gentleman. Shak.

     And  Saul said to David . . . be thou valiant for me, and fight the
     Lord's battles. 1 Sam. xviii. 17.

   3.  Performed with valor or bravery; heroic. "Thou bearest the highest
   name for valiant acts." Milton.

     [The saints] have made such valiant confessions. J. H. Newman.

   -- Val"iant*ly, adv. -- Val"iant*ness, n.

                                     Valid

   Val"id  (?),  a.  [F.  valide,  F.  validus  strong, from valere to be
   strong. See Valiant.]

   1.  Strong; powerful; efficient. [Obs.] "Perhaps more valid arms . . .
   may serve to better us." Milton.

   2.  Having  sufficient strength or force; founded in truth; capable of
   being justified, defended, or supported; not weak or defective; sound;
   good; efficacious; as, a valid argument; a valid objection.

     An answer that is open to no valid exception. I. Taylor.

   3.  (Law)  Having  legal  strength  or force; executed with the proper
   formalities;  incapable  of  being rightfully overthrown or set aside;
   as,  a valid deed; a valid covenant; a valid instrument of any kind; a
   valid  claim or title; a valid marriage. Syn. -- Prevalent; available;
   efficacious; just; good; weighty; sufficient; sound; well-grounded.

                                   Validate

   Val"i*date  (?),  v.  t.  [See Valid.] To confirm; to render valid; to
   give legal force to.

     The  chamber  of  deputies  .  . . refusing to validate at once the
     election of an official candidate. London Spectator.

                                  Validation

   Val`i*da"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. validation.] The act of giving validity.
   [R.] Knowles.

                                   Validity

   Va*lid"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. validit\'82, L. validitas strength.]

   1.  The  quality or state of being valid; strength; force; especially,
   power  to  convince;  justness;  soundness;  as,  the  validity  of an
   argument or proof; the validity of an objection.

   2.  (Law) Legal strength, force, or authority; that quality of a thing
   which  renders it supportable in law, or equity; as, the validity of a
   will; the validity of a contract, claim, or title.

   3. Value. [Obs.] "Rich validity." Shak.

                                    Validly

   Val"id*ly (?), adv. In a valid manner; so as to be valid.

                                   Validness

   Val"id*ness, n. The quality or state of being valid.

                                    Valinch

   Val"inch (?), n. [Cf. F. avaler to let down, drink up. Cf. Avalanche.]
   A  tube for drawing liquors from a cask by the bunghole. [Written also
   velinche.]

                                    Valise

   Va*lise" (?), n. [F. valise; cf. It. valigia, Sp. balija, LL. valisia,
   valesia; of uncertain origin, perhaps through (assumed) LL. vidulitia,
   from  L.  vidulus a leathern trunk; a knapsack.] A small sack or case,
   usually  of  leather,  but sometimes of other material, for containing
   the  clothes, toilet articles, etc., of a traveler; a traveling bag; a
   portmanteau.

                                   Valkyria

   Val*kyr"i*a  (?),  n.  [Icel. valkyrja (akin to AS. w\'91lcyrie); valr
   the  slain  + kj&omac;sa to choose. See Valhalla, and Choose.] (Scand.
   Myth.) One of the maidens of Odin, represented as awful and beautiful,
   who  presided  over  battle and marked out those who were to be slain,
   and  who also ministered at the feasts of heroes in Valhalla. [Written
   also Valkyr, and Walkyr.] <-- usu. Valkyrie -->

                                   Valkyrian

   Val*kyr"i*an  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  Valkyrias; hence,
   relating  to  battle.  "Ourself  have  often  tried  Valkyrian hymns."
   Tennyson.

                                   Vallancy

   Val*lan"cy  (?),  n. [From Valance.] A large wig that shades the face.
   [Obs.]

                                    Vallar

   Val"lar  (?),  a.  [L.vallaris.] Of or pertaining to a rampart. Vallar
   crown  (Rom.  Antiq.),  a circular gold crown with palisades, bestowed
   upon  the  soldier who first surmounted the rampart and broke into the
   enemy's camp.

                                    Vallar

   Val"lar, n. A vallar crown.

                                    Vallary

   Val"la*ry (?), a. Same as Vallar.

                                   Vallation

   Val*la"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  vallatio,  fr.  vallare to surround with a
   rampart, fr. vallum rampart. See Wall, n.] A rampart or intrenchment.

                                   Vallatory

   Val"la*to*ry  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to a vallation; used for a
   vallation; as, vallatory reads. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

                                   Vallecula

   Val*lec"u*la  (?), n.; pl. Vallecul\'91 (#). [NL., dim. fr. L. vallis,
   valles, a valley.]

   1.  (Anat.)  A  groove;  a  fossa;  as, the vallecula, or fossa, which
   separates the hemispheres of the cerebellum.

   2.  (Bot.)  One  of  the  grooves, or hollows, between the ribs of the
   fruit of umbelliferous plants.

                                Vallet's pills

   Val`let's  pills"  (?).  [From  Dr.  Vallet  of  Paris.]  (Med.) Pills
   containing  sulphate  of  iron  and  carbonate  of  sodium, mixed with
   saccharine matter; -- called also Vallet's mass.

                                    Valley

   Val"ley  (?),  n.;  pl.  Valleys (#). [OE. vale, valeie, OF. val\'82e,
   valede, F. vall\'82e, LL. vallata, L. vallis, valles. See Vale.]

   1.  The space inclosed between ranges of hills or mountains; the strip
   of  land  at  the  bottom  of  the depressions intersecting a country,
   including  usually the bed of a stream, with frequently broad alluvial
   plains on one or both sides of the stream. Also used figuratively.

     The valley of the shadow of death. Ps. xxiii. 4.

     Sweet  interchange  Of  hill and valley, rivers, woods, and plains.
     Milton.

     NOTE: &hand; De ep and narrow valleys with abrupt sides are usually
     the  results  of  erosion by water, and are called gorges, ravines,
     ca\'a4ons, gulches, etc.

   2.  (Arch.)  (a)  The  place of meeting of two slopes of a roof, which
   have  their  plates  running  in different directions, and form on the
   plan a re\'89ntrant angle. (b) The depression formed by the meeting of
   two slopes on a flat roof.
   Valley  board (Arch.), a board for the reception of the lead gutter in
   the  valley  of a roof. The valley board and lead gutter are not usual
   in  the  United States. -- Valley rafter, OR Valley piece (Arch.), the
   rafter  which  supports  the  valley.  --  Valley roof (Arch.), a roof
   having one or more valleys. See Valley, 2, above.

                                    Vallum

   Val"lum  (?),  n.;  pl.  L.  Valla (#), E. Vallums (#). [L. See Wall.]
   (Rom. Antiq.) A rampart; a wall, as in a fortification.

                                    Valonia

   Va*lo"ni*a  (?),  n.  [It.  vallonia,  vallonea,  fr.  NGr.  balania`,
   balanidia`, the holm oak, bala`ni, balani`di, an acorn, Gr. ba`lanos.]

   1.  The  acorn  cup  of  two  kinds of oak (Quercus macrolepis, and Q.
   vallonea)  found  in  Eastern Europe. It contains abundance of tannin,
   and   is  much  used  by  tanners  and  dyers.<--  ##sic.  better  "an
   abundance"? -->

   2. [Perhaps named from its resemblance to an acorn.] (Bot.) A genus of
   marine  green  alg\'91,  in which the whole frond consists of a single
   oval or cylindrical cell, often an inch in length.

                                     Valor

   Val"or  (?),  n. [OE. valour, OF. valor, valur, valour, F. valeur, LL.
   valor,  fr.  L.  valere to be strong, or worth. See Valiant.] [Written
   also valour.]

   1. Value; worth. [Obs.] "The valor of a penny." Sir T. More.

   2.  Strength of mind in regard to danger; that quality which enables a
   man  to  encounter  danger  with  firmness; personal bravery; courage;
   prowess; intrepidity.

     For contemplation he and valor formed. Milton.

     When valor preys on reason, It eats the sword it fights with. Shak.

     Fear to do base, unworthy things is valor. B. Jonson.

   3.  A  brave  man;  a  man of valor. [R.] Ld. Lytton. Syn. -- Courage;
   heroism;  bravery; gallantry; boldness; fearlessness. See Courage, and
   Heroism.

                                   Valorous

   Val"or*ous  (?),  a.  [Cf. F. valeureux, LL. valorosus.] Possessing or
   exhibiting   valor;   brave;   courageous;   valiant;   intrepid.   --
   Val"or*ous*ly, adv.

                                  Valsalvian

   Val*sal"vi*an  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  Valsalva,  an Italian
   anatomist  of  the  17th  century.  Valsalvian  experiment (Med.), the
   process of inflating the middle ear by closing the mouth and nostrils,
   and blowing so as to puff out the cheeks.

                                   Valuable

   Val"u*a*ble (?), a.

   1.  Having  value  or worth; possessing qualities which are useful and
   esteemed;  precious;  costly;  as,  a valuable horse; valuable land; a
   valuable cargo.

   2.  Worthy;  estimable;  deserving  esteem;  as,  a valuable friend; a
   valuable companion.
   Valuable  consideration  (Law),  an  equivalent or compensation having
   value  given for a thing purchased, as money, marriage, services, etc.
   Blackstone. Bouvier.

                                   Valuable

   Val"u*a*ble,  n. A precious possession; a thing of value, especially a
   small thing, as an article of jewelry; -- used mostly in the plural.

     The food and valuables they offer to the gods. Tylor.

                                 Valuableness

   Val"u*a*ble*ness, n. The quality of being valuable.

                                   Valuably

   Val"u*a*bly, adv. So as to be of value.

                                   Valuation

   Val`u*a"tion (?), n.

   1.  The  act  of  valuing, or of estimating value or worth; the act of
   setting  a  price;  estimation; appraisement; as, a valuation of lands
   for the purpose of taxation.

   2.  Value  set  upon  a thing; estimated value or worth; as, the goods
   sold for more than their valuation.

     Since of your lives you set So slight a valuation. Shak.

                                   Valuator

   Val"u*a`tor (?), n. One who assesses, or sets a value on, anything; an
   appraiser. Swift.

                                     Value

   Val"ue (?), n. [OF. value, fr. valoir, p. p. valu, to be worth, fr. L.
   valere to be strong, to be worth. See Valiant.]

   1.  The  property  or  aggregate  properties of a thing by which it is
   rendered useful or desirable, or the degree of such property or sum of
   properties; worth; excellence; utility; importance.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1593

     Ye are all physicians of no value. Job xiii. 4.

     Ye are of more value than many sparrows. Matt. x. 31.

     C\'91sar  is  well  acquainted with your virtue, And therefore sets
     this value on your life. Addison.

     Before  events  shall  have  decided  on the value of the measures.
     Marshall.

   2.  (Trade  &  Polit.  Econ.)  Worth  estimated  by  any  standard  of
   purchasing  power,  especially  by  the market price, or the amount of
   money  agreed  upon  as  an  equivalent  to  the  utility  and cost of
   anything.

     An  article  may  be possessed of the highest degree of utility, or
     power  to  minister  to  our  wants  and  enjoyments,  and  may  be
     universally  made  use  of,  without possessing exchangeable value.
     M'Culloch.

     Value  is  the power to command commodities generally. A. L. Chapin
     (Johnson's Cys.).

     Value  is the generic term which expresses power in exchange. F. A.
     Walker.

     His  design  was  not to pay him the value of his pictures, because
     they were above any price. Dryden.

     NOTE: &hand; In  political economy, value is often distinguished as
     intrinsic  and exchangeable. Intrinsic value is the same as utility
     or  adaptation to satisfy the desires or wants of men. Exchangeable
     value  is  that in an article or product which disposes individuals
     to  give  for  it  some quantity of labor, or some other article or
     product  obtainable  by labor; as, pure air has an intrinsic value,
     but generally not an exchangeable value.

   3.  Precise  signification; import; as, the value of a word; the value
   of a legal instrument Mitford.

   4. Esteem; regard. Dryden.

     My  relation  to  the  person  was so near, and my value for him so
     great Bp. Burnet.

   5. (Mus.) The relative length or duration of a tone or note, answering
   to quantity in prosody; thus, a quarter note [value
   of two eighth notes [

   6.  In an artistical composition, the character of any one part in its
   relation to other parts and to the whole; -- often used in the plural;
   as, the values are well given, or well maintained.

   7. Valor. [Written also valew.] [Obs.] Spenser.
   Value  received,  a phrase usually employed in a bill of exchange or a
   promissory note, to denote that a consideration has been given for it.
   Bouvier.

                                     Value

   Val"ue (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Valued (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Valuing.]

   1. To estimate the value, or worth, of; to rate at a certain price; to
   appraise; to reckon with respect to number, power, importance, etc.

     The mind doth value every moment. Bacon.

     The queen is valued thirty thousand strong. Shak.

     The  king  must  take  it  ill, That he's so slightly valued in his
     messenger. Shak.

     Neither  of  them valued their promises according to rules of honor
     or integrity. Clarendon.

   2.  To  rate  highly;  to  have in high esteem; to hold in respect and
   estimation; to appreciate; to prize; as, to value one for his works or
   his virtues.

     Which of the dukes he values most. Shak.

   3.  To  raise  to  estimation;  to cause to have value, either real or
   apparent; to enhance in value. [Obs.]

     Some  value themselves to their country by jealousies of the crown.
     Sir W. Temple.

   4. To be worth; to be equal to in value. [Obs.]

     The  peace  between  the French and us not values The cost that did
     conclude it. Shak.

   Syn. -- To compute; rate; appraise; esteem; respect; regard; estimate;
   prize; appreciate.

                                    Valued

   Val"ued  (?),  a.  Highly  regarded;  esteemed;  prized;  as, a valued
   contributor; a valued friend. Valued policy. See under Policy.

                                   Valueless

   Val"ue*less, a. Being of no value; having no worth.

                                    Valuer

   Val"u*er (?), n. One who values; an appraiser.

                                    Valure

   Val"ure (?), n. Value. [Obs.] Ld. Berners.

                                   Valvasor

   Val"va*sor (?), n. (Feud. Law) See Vavasor.

                                    Valvata

   Val*va"ta  (?),  n.  [NL.;  cf.  L. valvatus having folding doors. See
   Valve.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus  of  small spiral fresh-water gastropods
   having an operculum.

                                    Valvate

   Valv"ate (?), a. [L. valvatus having folding doors.]

   1. Resembling, or serving as, a valve; consisting of, or opening by, a
   valve or valves; valvular.

   2. (Bot.) (a) Meeting at the edges without overlapping; -- said of the
   sepals  or  the  petals  of flowers in \'91stivation, and of leaves in
   vernation.  (b)  Opening  as  if  by doors or valves, as most kinds of
   capsules and some anthers.

                                     Valve

   Valve  (?),  n.  [L.  valva the leaf, fold, or valve of a door: cf. F.
   valve.]

   1.  A  door; especially, one of a pair of folding doors, or one of the
   leaves of such a door.

     Swift through the valves the visionary fair Repassed. Pope.

     Heavily closed, . . . the valves of the barn doors. Longfellow.

   2.  A  lid,  plug,  or  cover,  applied  to an aperture so that by its
   movement,  as  by  swinging, lifting and falling, sliding, turning, or
   the  like,  it  will  open  or close the aperture to permit or prevent
   passage, as of a fluid.

     NOTE: &hand; A  va lve ma y act automatically so as to be opened by
     the  effort  of a fluid to pass in one direction, and closed by the
     effort  to pass in the other direction, as a clack valve; or it may
     be opened or closed by hand or by mechanism, as a screw valve, or a
     slide valve.

   3.  (Anat.)  One or more membranous partitions, flaps, or folds, which
   permit  the  passage  of  the  contents  of  a vessel or cavity in one
   direction,  but stop or retard the flow in the opposite direction; as,
   the ileocolic, mitral, and semilunar valves.

   4.  (Bot.)  (a)  One  of  the  pieces  into  which a capsule naturally
   separates  when  it bursts. (b) One of the two similar portions of the
   shell of a diatom. (c) A small portion of certain anthers, which opens
   like a trapdoor to allow the pollen to escape, as in the barberry.

   5.  (Zo\'94l.) One of the pieces or divisions of bivalve or multivalve
   shells.
   Air  valve,  Ball valve, Check valve, etc. See under Air. Ball, Check,
   etc.  -- Double-beat valve, a kind of balance valve usually consisting
   of  a movable, open-ended, turban-shaped shell provided with two faces
   of  nearly  equal  diameters,  one  above another, which rest upon two
   corresponding  seats  when  the valve is closed. -- Equilibrium valve.
   (a)  A  balance  valve.  See under Balance. (b) A valve for permitting
   air,  steam,  water,  etc.,  to pass into or out of a chamber so as to
   establish  or  maintain  equal  pressure  within and without. -- Valve
   chest  (Mach.),  a  chamber  in which a valve works; especially (Steam
   Engine),  the  steam  chest; -- called in England valve box, and valve
   casing. See Steam chest, under Steam. -- Valve face (Mach.), that part
   of  the surface of a valve which comes in contact with the valve seat.
   --  Valve gear, OR Valve motion (Steam Engine), the system of parts by
   which  motion  is given to the valve or valves for the distribution of
   steam  in the cylinder. For an illustration of one form of valve gear,
   see Link motion. -- Valve seat. (Mach.) (a) The fixed surface on which
   a  valve  rests  or  against  which it presses. (b) A part or piece on
   which  such a surface is formed. -- Valve stem (Mach.), a rod attached
   to  a valve, for moving it. -- Valve yoke (Mach.), a strap embracing a
   slide valve and connecting it to the valve stem.

                                    Valved

   Valved (?), a. Having a valve or valve; valvate.

                                   Valvelet

   Valve"let  (?),  n.  A little valve; a valvule; especially, one of the
   pieces which compose the outer covering of a pericarp.

                                  Valve-shell

   Valve"-shell`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  fresh-water gastropod of the
   genus Valvata.

                                    Valvula

   Val"vu*la  (?),  n.; pl. Valvul\'91 (#). [NL., dim. fr. L. valva fold,
   valve  of  a  door.]  (Anat.)  A  little  valve or fold; a valvelet; a
   valvule.

                                   Valvular

   Valv"u*lar (?), a. [Cf. F. valvulaire.]

   1.  Of  or pertaining to a valve or valves; specifically (Med.), of or
   pertaining to the valves of the heart; as, valvular disease.

   2.  Containing valves; serving as a valve; opening by valves; valvate;
   as, a valvular capsule.

                                    Valvule

   Valv"ule (?), n. [Cf. F. valvule.]

   1. A little valve; a valvelet.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A small valvelike process.

                                   Valylene

   Val"yl*ene  (?),  n.  [Valerian  +  -yl.]  (Chem.)  A  volatile liquid
   hydrocarbon,  C5H6,  related to ethylene and acetylene, but possessing
   the property of unsaturation in the third degree. It is the only known
   member of a distinct series of compounds. It has a garlic odor.

                                   Vambrace

   Vam"brace  (?), n. [See Vantbrass.] (Anc. Armor) The piece designed to
   protect the arm from the elbow to the wrist.

                                    Vamose

   Va*mose"  (?), v. i. & t. [Sp. vamos let us go.] To depart quickly; to
   depart from. [Written also vamos, and vamoose.] [Slang, Eng. & U. S.]

                                     Vamp

   Vamp (?) v. i. To advance; to travel. [Obs.]

                                     Vamp

   Vamp, n. [OE. vampe, vaumpe, vauntpe, F. avantpied the forefoot, vamp;
   anat  before,  fore  + pied foot, L. pes. See Advance, Van of an army,
   and Foot.]

   1. The part of a boot or shoe above the sole and welt, and in front of
   the ankle seam; an upper.

   2.  Any  piece  added to an old thing to give it a new appearance. See
   Vamp, v. t.

                                     Vamp

   Vamp,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Vamped (?; 215); p. pr. & vb. n. Vamping.]
   To provide, as a shoe, with new upper leather; hence, to piece, as any
   old  thing, with a new part; to repair; to patch; -- often followed by
   up.

     I had never much hopes of your vamped play. Swift.

                                    Vamper

   Vamp"er  (?),  n.  One  who  vamps;  one  who pieces an old thing with
   something new; a cobbler.

                                    Vamper

   Vamp"er,  v. i. [Cf. Vaunt.] To swagger; to make an ostentatious show.
   [Prov. eng. & Scot.] Jamieson.

                                    Vampire

   Vam"pire  (?),  n.  [F. vampire (cf. It. vampiro, G. & D. vampir), fr.
   Servian vampir.] [Written also vampyre.]

   1.  A  blood-sucking  ghost;  a  soul of a dead person superstitiously
   believed  to come from the grave and wander about by night sucking the
   blood  of  persons asleep, thus causing their death. This superstition
   is  now  prevalent  in  parts  of  Eastern  Europe, and was especially
   current in Hungary about the year 1730.

     The  persons  who  turn  vampires  are  generally wizards, witches,
     suicides,  and persons who have come to a violent end, or have been
     cursed by their parents or by the church, Encyc. Brit.

   2.  Fig.:  One  who  lives  by  preying  on  others; an extortioner; a
   bloodsucker.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  Either  one  of  two or more species of South American
   blood-sucking  bats  belonging  to  the  genera Desmodus and Diphylla.
   These  bats  are  destitute  of  molar  teeth,  but have strong, sharp
   cutting incisors with which they make punctured wounds from which they
   suck  the  blood of horses, cattle, and other animals, as well as man,
   chiefly  during  sleep. They have a c\'91cal appendage to the stomach,
   in which the blood with which they gorge themselves is stored.

   4. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species of harmless tropical American
   bats  of  the  genus Vampyrus, especially V. spectrum. These bats feed
   upon insects and fruit, but were formerly erroneously supposed to suck
   the blood of man and animals. Called also false vampire.
   Vampire  bat  (Zo\'94l.),  a  vampire,  3.  <-- illustr. Head of False
   Vampire. (Vampyrus spectrum) -->

                                   Vampirism

   Vam"pir*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. vampirisme.]

   1. Belief in the existence of vampires.

   2. The actions of a vampire; the practice of bloodsucking.

   3. Fig.: The practice of extortion. Carlyle.

                                   Vamplate

   Vam"plate`  (?),  n. [F. avant fore, fore + E. plate.] A round of iron
   on  the  shaft  of a tilting spear, to protect the hand. [Written also
   vamplet.]

                                    Vamure

   Va"mure (?), n. See Vauntmure. [Obs.]

                                      Van

   Van  (?),  n.  [Abbrev. fr. vanguard.] The front of an army; the first
   line or leading column; also, the front line or foremost division of a
   fleet, either in sailing or in battle.

     Standards  and  gonfalons,  twixt  van and rear, Stream in the air.
     Milton.

                                      Van

   Van, n. [Cornish.] (Mining) A shovel used in cleansing ore.

                                      Van

   Van,  v. t. (Mining) To wash or cleanse, as a small portion of ore, on
   a shovel. Raymond.

                                      Van

   Van, n. [Abbreviated from caravan.]

   1. A light wagon, either covered or open, used by tradesmen and others
   fore the transportation of goods. [Eng.]

   2.  A  large  covered  wagon  for  moving  furniture,  etc.,  also for
   conveying wild beasts, etc., for exhibition.

   3. A close railway car for baggage. See the Note under Car, 2. [Eng.]

                                      Van

   Van,  n. [L. vannus a van, or fan for winnowing grain: cf. F. van. Cf.
   Fan, Van a wing Winnow.]

   1. A fan or other contrivance, as a sieve, for winnowing grain.

   2.  [OF.  vanne, F. vanneau beam feather (cf. It. vanno a wing) fr. L.
   vannus.  See  Etymology  above.]  A wing with which the air is beaten.
   [Archaic] "[/Angels] on the air plumy vans received him. " Milton.

     He  wheeled  in  air,  and  stretched his vans in vain; His vans no
     longer could his flight sustain. Dryden.

                                      Van

   Van,  v.  t.  [Cf.  F.  vanner  to winnow, to fan. See Van a winnowing
   machine.] To fan, or to cleanse by fanning; to winnow. [Obs.] Bacon.

                                   Vanadate

   Van"a*date  (?), n. [Cf. F. vanadate.] (Chem.) A salt of vanadic acid.
   [Formerly also vanadiate.]

                                    Vanadic

   Va*nad"ic  (?),  a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, vanadium;
   containing  vanadium;  specifically  distinguished  those compounds in
   which  vanadium has a relatively higher valence as contrasted with the
   vanadious  compounds; as, vanadic oxide. Vanadic acid (Chem.), an acid
   analogous  to phosphoric acid, not known in the free state but forming
   a well-known series of salts.

                                  Vanadinite

   Va*nad"i*nite  (?),  n.  (Min.)  A mineral occurring in yellowish, and
   ruby-red  hexagonal crystals. It consist of lead vanadate with a small
   proportion of lead chloride.

                                   Vanadious

   Va*na"di*ous  (?),  a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or containing, vanadium;
   specifically,  designating  those  compounds  in  which vanadium has a
   lower  valence as contrasted with the vanadic compounds; as, vanadious
   acid. [Sometimes written also vanadous.]

                                   Vanadite

   Van"a*dite  (?),  n.  (Chem.) A salt of vanadious acid, analogous to a
   nitrite or a phosphite.

                                   Vanadium

   Va*na"di*um  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Icel.  Vanad\'c6s, a surname of the
   Scandinavian   goddess   Freya.]   (Chem.)   A  rare  element  of  the
   nitrogen-phosphorus  group,  found  combined, in vanadates, in certain
   minerals,  and reduced as an infusible, grayish-white metallic powder.
   It  is intermediate between the metals and the non-metals, having both
   basic  and  acid  properties.  Sumbol V (or Vd, rarely). Atomic weight
   51.2.

                                   Vanadous

   Van"a*dous (?), a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to vanadium; obtained from
   vanadium; -- said of an acid containing one equivalent of vanadium and
   two of oxygen.

                                    Vanadyl

   Van"a*dyl  (?),  n. [Vanadium + -yl.] (Chem.) The hypothetical radical
   VO, regarded as a characterized residue of certain vanadium compounds.

                                  Van-courier

   Van"-cou`ri*er  (?),  n. [F. avant-courrier.See Avant, Van of an army,
   and  Courier,  and  cf.  Avant-courier,  Vaunt-courier.]  One  sent in
   advance; an avant-courier; a precursor.

                                    Vandal

   Van"dal  (?),  n.  [L.  Vandalus,  Vandalius;  of Teutonic origin, and
   probably originally signifying, a wanderer. Cf. Wander.]

   1. (Anc. Hist.) One of a Teutonic race, formerly dwelling on the south
   shore  of  the  Baltic,  the most barbarous and fierce of the northern
   nations  that  plundered  Rome  in  the  5th  century,  notorious  for
   destroying the monuments of art and literature.

   2.  Hence,  one  who  willfully destroys or defaces any work of art or
   literature.

     The Vandals of our isle, Sworn foes to sense and law. Cowper.

                               Vandal, Vandalic

   Van"dal  (?),  Van*dal"ic  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to the Vandals;
   resembling the Vandals in barbarism and destructiveness.

                                   Vandalism

   Van"dal*ism  (?),  n.  The spirit or conduct of the Vandals; ferocious
   cruelty;  hostility to the arts and literature, or willful destruction
   or defacement of their monuments.

                                    Vandyke

   Van*dyke"  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  style of Vandyke the
   painter;   used  or  represented  by  Vandyke.  "His  Vandyke  dress."
   Macaulay. [Written also Vandyck.] Vandyke brown (Paint.), a pigment of
   a  deep semitranssparent brown color, supposed to be the color used by
   Vandyke  in his pictures. -- Vandyke collar OR cape, a broad collar or
   cape  of  linen  and  lace with a deep pointed or scalloped edge, worn
   lying  on  the shoulders; -- so called from its appearance in pictures
   by  Vandyke.  --  Vandyke  edge,  an edge having ornamental triangular
   points.

                                    Vandyke

   Van*dyke",  n.  A  picture  by  Vandyke.  Also, a Vandyke collar, or a
   Vandyke edge. [Written also Vandyck.]

                                    Vandyke

   Van*dyke", v. t. fit or furnish with a Vandyke; to form with points or
   scallops like a Vandyke. [R.] [Written also Vandyck.]

                                     Vane

   Vane  (?),  n. [OE. & E. Prov. E. fane weathercock, banner, AS. fana a
   banner,  flag;  akin  to D. vaan, G. fahne, OHG. fano cloth, gund fano
   flag, Icel. f\'beni, Sw. fana, Dan. fane, Goth. fana cloth, L. pannus,
   and perhaps to Gr.Fanon, Pane a compartment, panel.]
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1594

   1.  A  contrivance attached to some elevated object for the purpose of
   showing which way the wind blows; a weathercock. It is usually a plate
   or strip of metal, or slip of wood, often cut into some fanciful form,
   and placed upon a perpendicular axis around which it moves freely.

     Aye undiscreet, and changing as a vane. Chaucer.

   2.  Any  flat,  extended  surface attached to an axis and moved by the
   wind; as, the vane of a windmill; hence, a similar fixture of any form
   moved  in  or  by  water, air, or other fluid; as, the vane of a screw
   propeller, a fan blower, an anemometer, etc.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) The rhachis and web of a feather taken together.

   4. One of the sights of a compass, quadrant, etc.
   Vane of a leveling staff. (Surv.) Same as Target, 3.

                                    Vanessa

   Van*es"sa  (?), n. [Probably from Swift's poem of Cadenus and Vanessa.
   See  Vanessa, in the Dictionary of Noted Names in Fiction.] (Zo\'94l.)
   Any   one  of  numerous  species  of  handsomely  colored  butterflies
   belonging to Vanessa and allied genera. Many of these species have the
   edges of the wings irregularly scalloped.

                                   Vanessian

   Van*es"si*an (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A vanessa.

                                    Vanfess

   Van"fess`  (?),  n. [F. avant-foss\'82; avant before + foss\'82 ditch.
   Cf.  Fosse.]  (Fort.)  A  ditch  on  the  outside of the counterscarp,
   usually full of water.

                                     Vang

   Vang  (?), n. [D. vangen to catch, seize. See Fang.] (Naut.) A rope to
   steady the peak of a gaff.

                                    Vanglo

   Van"glo  (?), n. (Bot.) Benne (Sesamum orientale); also, its seeds; --
   so called in the West Indies.

                                   Vanguard

   Van"guard`  (?),  n. [For vantguard, avantguard, F. avant-garde; avant
   before,  fore  + garde guard. See Avant, Ab-,Ante-, and Guard, and cf.
   Advance, Vamp, Van of an army, Vaward.] (Mil.) The troops who march in
   front of an army; the advance guard; the van.

                                    Vanilla

   Va*nil"la  (?), n. [NL., fr. Sp. vainilla, dim. of Sp. vaina a sheath,
   a  pod,  L.  vagina;  because  its  grains, or seeds, are contained in
   little pods.]

   1.  (Bot.) A genus of climbing orchidaceous plants natives of tropical
   America.

   2.   The   long   podlike  capsules  of  Vanilla  planifolia,  and  V.
   claviculata, remarkable for their delicate and agreeable odor, for the
   volatile,  odoriferous  oil  extracted  from them; also, the flavoring
   extract  made  from  the  capsules, extensively used in confectionery,
   perfumery, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; As  a  medicine, vanilla is supposed to possess powers
     analogous  to  valerian,  while,  at  the same time, it is far more
     grateful.

   Cuban vanilla, a sweet-scented West Indian composite shrub (Eupatorium
   Dalea).  --  Vanilla  bean,  the long capsule of the vanilla plant. --
   Vanilla grass. Same as Holy grass, under Holy.

                                   Vanillate

   Va*nil"late (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of vanillic acid.

                                   Vanillic

   Va*nil"lic  (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, vanilla or
   vanillin;  resembling  vanillin;  specifically, designating an alcohol
   and an acid respectively, vanillin being the intermediate aldehyde.

                                   Vanillin

   Va*nil"lin  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  white  crystalline aldehyde having a
   burning taste and characteristic odor of vanilla. It is extracted from
   vanilla  pods, and is also obtained by the decomposition of coniferin,
   and by the oxidation of eugenol.

                                   Vanilloes

   Va*nil"loes  (?),  n.  pl.  An  inferior  kind of vanilla, the pods of
   Vanilla Pompona.

                                   Vanillyl

   Va*nil"lyl  (?), n. [Vanillic + -yl.] (Chem.) The hypothetical radical
   characteristic of vanillic alcohol.

                                 Vaniloquence

   Va*nil"o*quence  (?),  n.  [L.  vaniloquentia;  vanus vain + loquentia
   talk, loqui to speak.] Vain or foolish talk. [Obs.]

                                    Vaniish

   Vani"ish  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Vanished (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vanishing.]  [OE.  vanissen,  OF.  vanir  (in comp.): cf. OF. envanir,
   esvanir,  esvanu\'8br, F. s'\'82vanouir; fr. L. vanus empty, vain; cf.
   L.   vanescere,   evanescere,   to   vanish.   See   Vain,   and   cf.
   Evanescent,-ish.]

   1.  To  pass from a visible to an invisible state; to go out of sight;
   to  disappear;  to  fade;  as,  vapor vanishes from the sight by being
   dissipated; a ship vanishes from the sight of spectators on land.

     The horse vanished . . . out of sight. Chaucer.

     Go; vanish into air; away! Shak.

     The   champions  vanished  from  their  posts  with  the  speed  of
     lightning. Sir W. Scott.

     Gliding   from   the  twilight  past  to  vanish  among  realities.
     Hawthorne.

   2.  To  be annihilated or lost; to pass away. "All these delights will
   vanish." Milton.

                                    Vanish

   Van"ish  (?),  n.  (Phon.)  The  brief terminal part of vowel or vocal
   element,  differing  more or less in quality from the main part; as, a
   as  in  ale  ordinarily ends with a vanish of i as in ill, o as in old
   with a vanish of oo as in foot. Rush.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e va nish is included by Mr. Bell under the general
     term glide.

                                   Vanishing

   Van"ish*ing (?), a. & n. from Vanish, v. Vanishing fraction (Math.), a
   fraction  which  reduces  to  the  form  for a particular value of the
   variable which enters it, usually in consequence of the existence of a
   common  factor  in  both terms of the fraction, which factor becomes 0
   for  this  particular  value of the variable. Math. Dict. -- Vanishing
   line  (Persp.), the intersection of the parallel of any original plane
   and  picture;  one  of the lines converging to the vanishing point. --
   Vanishing point (Persp.), the point to which all parallel lines in the
   same  plane  tend  in  the  representation. Gwilt. -- Vanishing stress
   (Phon.), stress of voice upon the closing portion of a syllable. Rush.

                                  Vanishment

   Van"ish*ment (?), n. A vanishing. [Obs.]

                                    Vanity

   Van"i*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Vanities  (#).  [OE.  vanite,  vanit\'82, L.
   vanitas, fr. vanus empty, vain. See Vain.]

   1.  The  quality  or state of being vain; want of substance to satisfy
   desire; emptiness; unsubstantialness; unrealness; falsity.

     Vanity  of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all is
     vanity. Eccl. i. 2.

     Here  I  may  well show the vanity of that which is reported in the
     story of Walsingham. Sir J. Davies.

   2.  An  inflation of mind upon slight grounds; empty pride inspired by
   an  overweening  conceit of one's personal attainments or decorations;
   an  excessive  desire  for  notice  or  approval;  pride; ostentation;
   conceit.

     The exquisitely sensitive vanity of Garrick was galled. Macaulay.

   3.   That  which  is  vain;  anything  empty,  visionary,  unreal,  or
   unsubstantial;  fruitless  desire or effort; trifling labor productive
   of  no  good;  empty  pleasure; vain pursuit; idle show; unsubstantial
   enjoyment.

     Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher. Eccl. i. 2.

     Vanity  possesseth  many  who are desirous to know the certainty of
     things to come. Sir P. Sidney.

     [Sin] with vanity had filled the works of men. Milton.

     Think  not,  when  woman's  transient  breath is fled, That all her
     vanities  at  once are dead; Succeeding vanities she still regards.
     Pope.

   4.  One of the established characters in the old moralities and puppet
   shows. See Morality, n., 5.

     You . . . take vanity the puppet's part. Shak.

   Syn.  --  Egotism;  pride; emptiness; worthlessness; self-sufficiency.
   See Egotism, and Pride.

                                    Vanjas

   Van"jas  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) The Australian pied crow shrike (Strepera
   graculina). It is glossy bluish black, with the under tail coverts and
   the tips and bases of the tail feathers white.

                                    Vanner

   Van"ner  (?),  n.  (Mining)  A machine for concentrating ore. See Frue
   vanner.

                                  Vanner hawk

   Van"ner hawk` (?). The kestrel. [Prov. Eng.]

                                    Vanning

   Van"ning,  n. (Mining) A process by which ores are washed on a shovel,
   or in a vanner.

                                   Vanquish

   Van"quish  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Vanquished (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vanquishing.]  [OE. venquishen, venquissen, venkisen,F. vaincre, pret.
   vainquis,  OF.  veintre,  pret.  venqui,  venquis  (cf.  an OF. infin.
   vainquir), fr. L. vincere; akin to AS. w\'c6g war, battle, w\'c6gant a
   warrior,  w\'c6gan  to  fight,  Icel.  v\'c6g  battle, Goth. weihan to
   fight, contend. Cf. Convince, Evict, Invincible, Victor.]

   1. To conquer, overcome, or subdue in battle, as an enemy. Hakluyt.

     They . . . Vanquished the rebels in all encounters. Clarendon.

   2. Hence, to defeat in any contest; to get the better of; to put down;
   to refute.

     This  bold  assertion  has been fully vanquished in a late reply to
     the Bishop of Meaux's treatise. Atterbury.

     For e'en though vanquished, he could argue still. Goldsmith.

   Syn. -- To conquer; surmount; overcome; confute; silence. See Conquer.

                                   Vanquish

   Van"quish,  n.  (Far.)  A  disease  in sheep, in which they pine away.
   [Written also vinquish.]

                                 Vanquishable

   Van"quish*a*ble (?), a. That may be vanquished.

                                  Vanquisher

   Van"quish*er (?), n. One who, or that which, vanquishes. Milton.

                                 Vanquishment

   Van"quish*ment  (?),  n. The act of vanquishing, or the state of being
   vanquished. Bp. Hall.

                                    Vansire

   Van"sire  (?),  n.  [The  native  name: cf. F. vansire.] (Zo\'94l.) An
   ichneumon (Herpestes galera) native of Southern Africa and Madagascar.
   It  is  reddish  brown or dark brown, grizzled with white. Called also
   vondsira, and marsh ichneumon.

                                     Vant

   Vant (?), v. i. See Vaunt. [Obs.]

                                    Vantage

   Van"tage  (?;  48),  n. [Aphetic form of OE. avantage,fr. F. avantage.
   See Advantage.]

   1.  superior or more favorable situation or opportunity; gain; profit;
   advantage. [R.]

     O happy vantage of a kneeling knee! Shak.

   2. (Lawn Tennis) The first point after deuce.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh en the server wins this point, it is called vantage
     in;  when  the receiver, or striker out, wins, it is called vantage
     out.

   To  have  at  vantage,  to  have  the  advantage  of;  to be in a more
   favorable  condition  than.  "He  had them at vantage, being tired and
   harassed  with a long march." Bacon. -- Vantage ground, superiority of
   state  or  place;  the place or condition which gives one an advantage
   over another. "The vantage ground of truth. Bacon.
   
     It  is  these  things  that give him his actual standing, and it is
     from this vantage ground that he looks around him. I. Taylor.
     
                                    Vantage
                                       
   Van"tage, v. t. To profit; to aid. [Obs.] Spenser. 

                             Vantbrace, Vantbrass

   Vant"brace  (?),  Vant"brass (?), n. [F. avant fore + bras arm: cf. F.
   brassard  armor  for  the  arm,  brace,  forearm. Cf. Vambrace.] (Anc.
   Armor) Armor for the arm; vambrace. Milton.

                                 Vant-courier

   Vant"-cou`ri*er  (?),  n.An  avant-courier.  See  Van-courier.  [Obs.]
   Holland.

                                    Vanward

   Van"ward (?), a. Being on, or towards, the van, or front. "The vanward
   frontier." De Quincey.

                                      Vap

   Vap  (?),  n.  [See Vapid.] That which is vapid, insipid, or lifeless;
   especially, the lifeless part of liquor or wine. [Obs.]

     In  vain  it is to wash a goblet, if you mean to put it nothing but
     the dead lees and vap of wine. Jer. Taylor.

                                     Vapid

   Vap"id  (?),  a.  [L.  vapidus having lost its lire and spirit, vapid;
   akin  to  vappa  vapid  wine, vapor vapor. See Vapor.] Having lost its
   life  and  spirit;  dead; spiritless; insipid; flat; dull; unanimated;
   as, vapid beer; a vapid speech; a vapid state of the blood.

     A  cheap,  bloodless  reformation, a guiltless liberty, appear flat
     and vapid to their taste. Burke.

   -- Vap"id*ly (#), adv. -- Vap"id*ness, n.

                                   Vapidity

   Va*pid"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being vapid; vapidness.

                                     Vapor

   Va"por  (?),  n. [OE. vapour, OF. vapour, vapor, vapeur, F. vapeur, L.
   vapor;  probably for cvapor, and akin to Gr. kvepti to breathe, smell,
   Russ. kopote fine soot. Cf. Vapid.] [Written also vapour.]

   1.  (Physics) Any substance in the gaseous, or a\'89riform, state, the
   condition of which is ordinarily that of a liquid or solid.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e te rm va por is sometimes used in a more extended
     sense, as identical with gas; and the difference between the two is
     not  so  much one of kind as of degree, the latter being applied to
     all  permanently  elastic fluids except atmospheric air, the former
     to  those  elastic  fluids  which  lose  that condition at ordinary
     temperatures.  The atmosphere contains more or less vapor of water,
     a  portion  of  which,  on  a  reduction  of  temperature,  becomes
     condensed  into  liquid water in the form of rain or dew. The vapor
     of water produced by boiling, especially in its economic relations,
     is called steam.

     Vapor  is  any substance in the gaseous condition at the maximum of
     density  consistent  with  that  condition.  This is the strict and
     proper meaning of the word vapor. Nichol.

   2.  In  a  loose  and  popular  sense,  any visible diffused substance
   floating  in  the atmosphere and impairing its transparency, as smoke,
   fog, etc.

     The vapour which that fro the earth glood [glided]. Chaucer.

     Fire  and  hail;  snow and vapors; stormy wind fulfilling his word.
     Ps. cxlviii. 8.

   3. Wind; flatulence. [Obs.] Bacon.

   4.  Something  unsubstantial,  fleeting,  or transitory; unreal fancy;
   vain imagination; idle talk; boasting.

     For  what  is  your  life? It is even a vapor, that appeareth for a
     little time, and then vanisheth away. James iv. 14.

   5.  pl. An old name for hypochondria, or melancholy; the blues. "A fit
   of vapors." Pope.

   6.  (Pharm.) A medicinal agent designed for administration in the form
   of inhaled vapor. Brit. Pharm.
   Vapor bath. (a) A bath in vapor; the application of vapor to the body,
   or part of it, in a close place; also, the place itself. (b) (Chem.) A
   small  metallic drying oven, usually of copper, for drying and heating
   filter papers, precipitates, etc.; -- called also air bath. A modified
   form  is  provided  with a jacket in the outside partition for holding
   water,  or  other  volatile  liquid,  by  which the temperature may be
   limited  exactly to the required degree. -- Vapor burner, a burner for
   burning  a  vaporized  hydrocarbon.  --  Vapor  density  (Chem.),  the
   relative  weight  of  gases  and vapors as compared with some specific
   standard,  usually  hydrogen,  but sometimes air. The vapor density of
   gases  and  vaporizable  substances  as  compared  with hydrogen, when
   multiplied  by  two, or when compared with air and multiplied by 28.8,
   gives  the  molecular weight. -- Vapor engine, an engine worked by the
   expansive force of a vapor, esp. a vapor other than steam.

                                     Vapor

   Va"por,  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Vapored (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Vaporing.]
   [From Vapor, n.: cf. L. vaporare.] [Written also vapour.]

   1.  To  pass  off in fumes, or as a moist, floating substance, whether
   visible or invisible, to steam; to be exhaled; to evaporate.

   2. To emit vapor or fumes. [R.]

     Running waters vapor not so much as standing waters. Bacon.

   3. To talk idly; to boast or vaunt; to brag.

     Poets used to vapor much after this manner. Milton.

     We vapor and say, By this time Matthews has beaten them. Walpole.

                                     Vapor

   Va"por,  v.  t.  To send off in vapor, or as if in vapor; as, to vapor
   away a heated fluid. [Written also vapour.]

     He'd laugh to see one throw his heart away, Another, sighing, vapor
     forth his soul. B. Jonson.

                                 Vaporability

   Vap`o*ra*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being vaporable.

                                   Vaporable

   Vap"o*ra*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of  being converted into vapor by the
   agency of heat; vaporizable.

                                   Vaporate

   Vap"o*rate  (?),  v.  i.  [L. vaporare, vaporatum. See Vapor.] To emit
   vapor; to evaporate. [R.]

                                  Vaporation

   Vap`o*ra"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. vaporation, L. vaporatio.] The act or
   process  of  converting  into  vapor,  or  of  passing  off  in vapor;
   evaporation. [R.]

                                    Vapored

   Va"pored (?), a.

   1. Wet with vapors; moist.

   2. Affected with the vapors. See Vapor, n., 5.

                                    Vaporer

   Va"por*er (?), n. One who vapors; a braggart. Vaporer moth. (Zo\'94l.)
   See Orgyia.

                                 Vaporiferous

   Vap`o*rif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  vaporifer;  vapor  +  ferre to bear.]
   Conveying or producing vapor.

                                   Vaporific

   Vap`o*rif"ic  (?),  a.  [L.  vapor  vapor  +  facere to make.] (Chem.)
   Producing  vapor;  tending  to  pass, or to cause to pass, into vapor;
   thus, volatile fluids are vaporific; heat is a vaporific agent.

                                  Vaporiform

   Va*por"i*form  (?), a. Existing in a vaporous form or state; as, steam
   is a vaporiform substance.

                                  Vaporimeter

   Vap`o*rim"e*ter  (?), n. [Vapor + -meter.] An instrument for measuring
   the volume or the tension of any vapor; specifically, an instrument of
   this sort used as an alcoholometer in testing spirituous liquors.

                                   Vaporing

   Va"por*ing (?), a. Talking idly; boasting; vaunting. -- Va"por*ing*ly,
   adv.

                                   Vaporish

   Va"por*ish, a.

   1. Full of vapors; vaporous.

   2.   Hypochondriacal;   affected  by  hysterics;  splenetic;  peevish;
   humorsome.

     Pallas grew vap'rish once and odd. Pope.

                                  Vaporizable

   Vap"o*ri`za*ble (?; 110), a. Capable of being vaporized into vapor.

                                 Vaporization

   Vap`o*ri*za"tion  (?), n. [Cf. F. vaporisation.] The act or process of
   vaporizing, or the state of being converted into vapor; the artificial
   formation  of vapor; specifically, the conversion of water into steam,
   as in a steam boiler.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1595

                                   Vaporize

   Vap"o*rize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Vaporized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vaporizing  (?).] [Cf. F. vaporiser.] To convert into vapor, as by the
   application  of  heat,  whether  naturally or artificially. Vaporizing
   surface.  (Steam Boilers) See Evaporating surface, under Evaporate, v.
   t.

                                   Vaporize

   Vap"o*rize, v. i. To pass off in vapor.

                                   Vaporizer

   Vap"o*ri`zer  (?),  n.  One who, or that which, vaporizes, or converts
   into vapor.

                                   Vaporose

   Va"por*ose` (?), a. Full of vapor; vaporous.

                                   Vaporous

   Va"por*ous (?), a. [L. vaporosus: cf. vaporeux.]

   1. Having the form or nature of vapor. Holland.

   2. Full of vapors or exhalations. Shak.

     The warmer and more vaporous air of the valleys. Derham.

   3. Producing vapors; hence, windy; flatulent. Bacon.

     The  food which is most vaporous and perspirable is the most easily
     digested. Arbuthnot.

   4. Unreal; unsubstantial; vain; whimsical.

     Such vaporous speculations were inevitable. Carlyle.

                                 Vaporousness

   Va"por*ous*ness, n. The quality of being vaporous.

                                    Vapory

   Va"por*y (?), a.

   1. Full of vapors; vaporous.

   2. Hypochondriacal; splenetic; peevish.

                                  Vapulation

   Vap`u*la"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  vapulare  to  be  The  act of beating or
   whipping. [Obs.]

                                    Vaquero

   Va*que"ro  (?),  n.  [Sp.,  cowherd,  fr.  vaca  a  cow, L. vacca. Cf.
   Vacher.]  One  who  has  charge  of  cattle, horses, etc.; a herdsman.
   [Southwestern U. S.]

                                     Vara

   Va"ra (?), n. [Sp. See 1st Vare.] A Spanish measure of length equal to
   about  one  yard.  The vara now in use equals 33.385 inches. Johnson's
   Cyc.

                                     Varan

   Va"ran (?), n. [F.] (Zo\'94l.) The monitor. See Monitor, 3.

                                   Varangian

   Va*ran"gi*an  (?),  n.  One  of  the Northmen who founded a dynasty in
   Russia  in  the 9th century; also, one of the Northmen composing, at a
   later date, the imperial bodyguard at Constantinople.

                                    Varanus

   Va*ra"nus  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Ar. waran, waral; cf. F. varan, from the
   Arabic.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A genus of very large lizards native of Asia and
   Africa. It includes the monitors. See Monitor, 3.

                                     Vare

   Vare  (?),  n.  [Sp. vara staff, wand, L. vara forked pole.] A wand or
   staff of authority or justice. [Obs.]

     His hand a vare of justice did uphold. Dryden.

                                     Vare

   Vare,  n. (Zo\'94l.) A weasel. [Prov. Eng.] Vare widgeon (Zo\'94l.), a
   female or young male of the smew; a weasel duck; -- so called from the
   resemblance of the head to that of a vare, or weasel. [Prov. Eng.]
   
                                     Varec
                                       
   Var"ec  (?),  n.  [F.  varech;  of Teutonic origin. See Wrack seaweed,
   wreck.]  The  calcined  ashes  of  any  coarse  seaweed  used  for the
   manufacture  of  soda  and  iodine;  also,  the seaweed itself; fucus;
   wrack. 

                                     Vari

   Va"ri  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. vari.] (Zo\'94l.) The ringtailed lemur (Lemur
   catta) of Madagascar. Its long tail is annulated with black and white.

                                  Variability

   Va`ri*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. variabilit\'82.]

   1. The quality or state of being variable; variableness.

   2.  (Biol.)  The  power possessed by living organisms, both animal and
   vegetable, of adapting themselves to modifications or changes in their
   environment,  thus  possibly  giving  rise  to  ultimate  variation of
   structure or function.

                                   Variable

   Va"ri*a*ble (?), a. [L. variabilis: cf. F. variable.]

   1.  Having the capacity of varying or changing; capable of alternation
   in  any  manner; changeable; as, variable winds or seasons; a variable
   quantity.

   2.  Liable  to  vary;  too  susceptible  of  change;  mutable; fickle;
   unsteady; inconstant; as, the affections of men are variable; passions
   are variable.

     Lest that thy love prove likewise variable. Shak.

     His heart, I know, how variable and vain! Milton.

   Variable  exhaust  (Steam  Eng.),  a  blast  pipe  with  an adjustable
   opening.  --  Variable quantity (Math.), a variable. -- Variable stars
   (Astron.), fixed stars which vary in their brightness, usually in more
   or  less  uniform  periods.  <--  variable-rate  mortgage  --> Syn. --
   Changeable;    mutable;   fickle;   wavering;   unsteady;   versatile;
   inconstant.

                                   Variable

   Va"ri*a*ble, n.

   1. That which is variable; that which varies, or is subject to change.

   2. (Math.) A quantity which may increase or decrease; a quantity which
   admits  of  an  infinite  number  of  values in the same expression; a
   variable  quantity;  as,  in  the  equation  x2 - y2 = R2, x and y are
   variables.

   3.  (Naut.)  (a) A shifting wind, or one that varies in force. (b) pl.
   Those parts of the sea where a steady wind is not expected, especially
   the parts between the trade-wind belts.
   Independent  variable  (Math.),  that  one  of  two or more variables,
   connected  with  each  other in any way whatever, to which changes are
   supposed  to  be given at will. Thus, in the equation x2 - y2 = R2, if
   arbitrary  changes  are  supposed  to  be  given  to  x, then x is the
   independent  variable,  and  y is called a function of x. There may be
   two  or  more  independent  variables  in  an equation or problem. Cf.
   Dependent variable, under Dependent.

                                 Variableness

   Va"ri*a*ble*ness,   n.   The  quality  or  state  of  being  variable;
   variability. James i. 17.

                                   Variably

   Va"ri*a*bly, adv. In a variable manner.

                                   Variance

   Va"ri*ance (?), n. [L. variantia.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  variant;  change of condition;
   variation.

   2.  Difference  that  produce  dispute  or  controversy; disagreement;
   dissension; discord; dispute; quarrel.

     That which is the strength of their amity shall prove the immediate
     author of their variance. Shak.

   3.  (Law)  A  disagreement or difference between two parts of the same
   legal  proceeding,  which,  to  be  effectual,  ought  to agree, -- as
   between  the  writ  and the declaration, or between the allegation and
   the proof. Bouvier.
   A  variance, in disagreement; in a state of dissension or controversy;
   at  enmity. "What cause brought him so soon at variance with himself?"
   Milton.
   
                                    Variant
                                       
   Va"ri*ant  (?),  a.  [L.  varians, p. pr. of variare to change: cf. F.
   variant. See Vary.] 

   1.  Varying  in  from,  character,  or  the like; variable; different;
   diverse.

   2. Changeable; changing; fickle. [Obs.]

     He is variant, he abit [abides] nowhere. Chaucer.

                                    Variant

   Va"ri*ant  (?),  n. [Cf. F. variante.] Something which differs in form
   from  another thing, though really the same; as, a variant from a type
   in natural history; a variant of a story or a word.

                                    Variate

   Va"ri*ate  (?),  v. t. & i. [L. variatus, p. p. of variare. See Vary.]
   To alter; to make different; to vary.

                                   Variation

   Va`ri*a"tion  (?),  n. [OE. variatioun, F. variation, L. variatio. See
   Vary.]

   1.  The act of varying; a partial change in the form, position, state,
   or   qualities   of  a  thing;  modification;  alternation;  mutation;
   diversity;  deviation; as, a variation of color in different lights; a
   variation in size; variation of language.

     The  essences  of  things  are  conceived  not  capable of any such
     variation. Locke.

   2. Extent to which a thing varies; amount of departure from a position
   or state; amount or rate of change.

   3.   (Gram.)  Change  of  termination  of  words,  as  in  declension,
   conjugation, derivation, etc.

   4. (Mus.) Repetition of a theme or melody with fanciful embellishments
   or  modifications,  in  time, tune, or harmony, or sometimes change of
   key;  the presentation of a musical thought in new and varied aspects,
   yet  so  that  the  essential  features  of  the  original shall still
   preserve their identity.

   5.  (Alg.)  One of the different arrangements which can be made of any
   number of quantities taking a certain number of them together.
   Annual  variation  (Astron.), the yearly change in the right ascension
   or  declination  of  a  star,  produced by the combined effects of the
   precession  of  the  equinoxes  and  the proper motion of the star. --
   Calculus  of variations. See under Calculus. -- Variation compass. See
   under  Compass.  --  Variation of the moon (Astron.), an inequality of
   the  moon's motion, depending on the angular distance of the moon from
   the sun. It is greater at the octants, and zero at the quadratures. --
   Variation  of  the  needle (Geog. & Naut.), the angle included between
   the  true  and  magnetic  meridians  of  a place; the deviation of the
   direction  of a magnetic needle from the true north and south line; --
   called  also  declination  of the needle. Syn. -- Change; vicissitude;
   variety; deviation.

                                   Varicella

   Var`i*cel"la  (?),  n.  [NL.,  dim.  of  LL. variola smallpox.] (Med.)
   Chicken pox.

                                    Varices

   Var"i*ces (?), n. pl. See Varix.

                                  Variciform

   Va*ric"i*form (?), a. [Varix + -form.] (Med.) Resembling a varix.

                                  Varicocele

   Var"i*co*cele  (?),  n.  [Varix  a  dilated vein + Gr. varicoc\'8ale.]
   (Med.)  A  varicose  enlargement  of  the veins of the spermatic cord;
   also, a like enlargement of the veins of the scrotum.

                                   Varicose

   Var"i*cose`  (?;  277), a. [L. varicosus, from varix, -icis, a dilated
   vein; cf. varus bent, stretched, crooked.]

   1.  Irregularly  swollen  or  enlarged;  affected with, or containing,
   varices,   or   varicosities;   of   or   pertaining  to  varices,  or
   varicosities;  as,  a  varicose nerve fiber; a varicose vein; varicose
   ulcers.

   2.  (Med.)  Intended  for  the treatment of varicose veins; -- said of
   elastic stockings, bandages. and the like.

                                  Varicosity

   Var`i*cos"i*ty (?), n.

   1. The quality or state of being varicose.

   2.  An  enlargement  or  swelling  in  a vessel, fiber, or the like; a
   varix; as, the varicosities of nerve fibers.

                                   Varicous

   Var"i*cous (?), a. Varicose. [Obs.]

                                    Varied

   Va"ried  (?),  a. Changed; altered; various; diversified; as, a varied
   experience; varied interests; varied scenery. -- Va"ried*ly, adv.

     The varied fields of science, ever new. Cowper.

                                   Variegate

   Va"ri*e*gate  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Variegated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Variegating.]  [L. variegatus, p. p. of variegare to variegate; varius
   various  +  agere to move, make. See Various, and Agent.] To diversify
   in  external  appearance; to mark with different colors; to dapple; to
   streak; as, to variegate a floor with marble of different colors.

     The  shells are filled with a white spar, which variegates and adds
     to the beauty of the stone. Woodward.

                                  Variegated

   Va"ri*e*ga`ted  (?),  a.  Having marks or patches of different colors;
   as, variegated leaves, or flowers.

     Ladies like variegated tulips show. Pope.

                                  Variegation

   Va`ri*e*ga"tion (?), n. The act of variegating or diversifying, or the
   state of being diversified, by different colors; diversity of colors.

                                    Varier

   Va"ri*er  (?), n. [From Vary.] A wanderer; one who strays in search of
   variety. [Poetic]

     Pious variers from the church. Tennyson.

                                   Varietal

   Va*ri"e*tal  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to a variety; characterizing a
   variety;  constituting a variety, in distinction from an individual or
   species.

     Perplexed  in determining what differences to consider as specific,
     and what as varietal. Darwin.

                                   Varietas

   Va*ri"e*tas  (?),  n.  [L.]  A  variety;  -- used in giving scientific
   names, and often abbreviated to var.

                                    Variety

   Va*ri"e*ty   (?),   n.;  pl.  Varieties  (#).  [L.  varietas:  cf.  F.
   vari\'82t\'82. See Various.]

   1.  The  quality or state of being various; intermixture or succession
   of different things; diversity; multifariousness.

     Variety is nothing else but a continued novelty. South.

     The variety of colors depends upon the composition of light. Sir I.
     Newton.

     For earth this variety from heaven. Milton.

     There is a variety in the tempers of good men. Atterbury.

   2.  That which is various. Specifically: -- (a) A number or collection
   of different things; a varied assortment; as, a variety of cottons and
   silks.

     He  . . . wants more time to do that variety of good which his soul
     thirsts after. Law.

   (b)  Something  varying  or  differing from others of the same general
   kind;  one  of a number of things that are akin; a sort; as, varieties
   of  wood,  land,  rocks,  etc.  (c) (Biol.) An individual, or group of
   individuals,  of a species differing from the rest in some one or more
   of  the  characteristics typical of the species, and capable either of
   perpetuating   itself  for  a  period,  or  of  being  perpetuated  by
   artificial  means;  hence,  a  subdivision,  or  peculiar  form,  of a
   species.

     NOTE: &hand; Varieties usually differ from species in that any two,
     however  unlike, will generally propagate indefinitely (unless they
     are  in their nature unfertile, as some varieties of rose and other
     cultivated  plants);  in  being a result of climate, food, or other
     extrinsic  conditions  or  influences,  but  generally by a sudden,
     rather than a gradual, development; and in tending in many cases to
     lose  their distinctive peculiarities when the individuals are left
     to  a state of nature, and especially if restored to the conditions
     that  are  natural  to  typical  individuals  of  the species. Many
     varieties  of  domesticated  animals  and of cultivated plants have
     been directly produced by man.

   (d)  In  inorganic  nature,  one of those forms in which a species may
   occur,  which  differ  in  minor  characteristics of structure, color,
   purity of composition, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ese ma y be  vi ewed as variations from the typical
     species  in  its  most  perfect  and  purest  form,  or, as is more
     commonly the case, all the forms, including the latter, may rank as
     Varieties. Thus, the sapphire is a blue variety, and the ruby a red
     variety,  of  corundum; again, calcite has many Varieties differing
     in  form and structure, as Iceland spar, dogtooth spar, satin spar,
     and  also  others characterized by the presence of small quantities
     of magnesia, iron, manganese, etc. Still again, there are Varieties
     of  granite differing in structure, as graphic granite, porphyritic
     granite,  and  other Varieties differing in composition, as albitic
     granite, hornblendic, or syenitic, granite, etc.

   Geographical  variety  (Biol.),  a  variety  of  any  species which is
   coincident  with a geographical region, and is usually dependent upon,
   or  caused  by, peculiarities of climate. -- Variety hybrid (Biol.), a
   cross  between  two  individuals  of  different  varieties of the same
   species;  a  mongrel. Syn. -- Diversity; difference; kind. -- Variety,
   Diversity. A man has a variety of employments when he does many things
   which are not a mere repetition of the same act; he has a diversity of
   employments  when  the  several  acts performed are unlike each other,
   that  is, diverse. In most cases, where there is variety there will be
   more  or  less  of  diversity,  but not always. One who sells railroad
   tickets  performs a great variety of acts in a day, while there is but
   little diversity in his employment.

     All  sorts are here that all the earth yields! Variety without end.
     Milton.

     But  see  in  all  corporeal  nature's  scene,  What  changes, what
     diversities, have been! Blackmore.

                                   Variform

   Va"ri*form  (?),  a.  [L.  varius  various  + -form.] Having different
   shapes or forms.

                                  Variformed

   Va"ri*formed  (?),  a.  Formed  with  different shapes; having various
   forms; variform.

                                    Varify

   Va"ri*fy  (?), v. t. [L. varius various + -fly.] To make different; to
   vary; to variegate. [R.] Sylvester.

                                    Variola

   Va*ri"o*la  (?),  n. [LL., fr. L. varius various. See Various.] (Med.)
   The smallpox.

                                   Variolar

   Va*ri"o*lar (?), a. (Med.) Variolous.

                                  Variolation

   Va`ri*o*la"tion (?), n. (Med.) Inoculation with smallpox.

                                   Variolic

   Va`ri*ol"ic (?), a. (Med.) Variolous.

                                   Variolite

   Va"ri*o*lite  (?),  n.  [L. varius various + -lite: cf. F. variolite.]
   (Geol.)  A  kind  of  diorite  or  diabase containing imbedded whitish
   spherules, which give the rock a spotted appearance.

                                  Variolitic

   Va`ri*o*lit"ic (?), a. [From Variola.]

   1. Thickly marked with small, round specks; spotted.

   2. (Geol.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, variolite.

                                   Varioloid

   Va"ri*o*loid  (?;  277),  a.  [Variola  + -oid: cf. F. variolo\'8bde.]
   (Med.)   Resembling   smallpox;   pertaining  to  the  disease  called
   varioloid.

                                   Varioloid

   Va"ri*o*loid,  n. [Cf. F. variolo\'8bde. See Varioloid, a.] (Med.) The
   smallpox as modified by previous inoculation or vaccination.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  al most always a milder disease than smallpox,
     and  this  circumstance,  with  its  shorter duration, exhibits the
     salutary effects of previous vaccination or inoculation.

   Dunglison.

                                   Variolous

   Va*ri"o*lous (?), a. [LL. variolosus, fr. variola the smallpox: cf. F.
   varioleux.]  (Med.)  Of or pertaining to the smallpox; having pits, or
   sunken impressions, like those of the smallpox; variolar; variolic.

                                   Variorum

   Va`ri*o"rum  (?), a. [L., abbrev. fr. cum notis variorum with notes of
   various persons.] Containing notes by different persons; -- applied to
   a publication; as, a variorum edition of a book.

                                    Various

   Va"ri*ous (?), a. [L. varius. Cf. Vair.]

   1.  Different;  diverse;  several; manifold; as, men of various names;
   various occupations; various colors.

     So many and so various laws are given. Milton.

     A wit as various, gay, grave, sage, or wild. Byron.

   2. Changeable; uncertain; inconstant; variable.

     A  man  so various, that he seemed to be Not one, but all mankind's
     epitome. Dryden.

     The names of mixed modes . . . are very various. Locke.

   3. Variegated; diversified; not monotonous.

     A happy rural seat of various view. Milton.

                                   Variously

   Va"ri*ous*ly, adv. In various or different ways.

                                   Variscite

   Var"is*cite  (?),  n.  [So called from Variscia in Germany.] (Min.) An
   apple-green  mineral  occurring  in  reniform  masses. It is a hydrous
   phosphate of alumina.

                                    Varisse

   Va*risse"  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  varice  varix.  Cf.  Varix.]  (Far.) An
   imperfection on the inside of the hind leg in horses, different from a
   curb,  but at the same height, and frequently injuring the sale of the
   animal by growing to an unsightly size. Craig.

                                     Varix

   Va"rix (?), n.; pl. Varices (#). [L.]

   1. (Med.) A uneven, permanent dilatation of a vein.

     NOTE: &hand; Va rices ar e owing to local retardation of the venous
     circulation, and in some cases to relaxation of the parietes of the
     veins.  They  are very common in the superficial veins of the lower
     limbs.

   Dunglison.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1596

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  the prominent ridges or ribs extending across
   each of the whorls of certain univalve shells.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e va rices us ually indicate stages of growth, each
     one showing a former position of the outer lip of the aperture.

                                     Vark

   Vark (?), n. [D. varken a pig.] (Zo\'94l.) The bush hog, or boshvark.

                                    Varlet

   Var"let (?), n. [OF. varlet, vaslet, vallet, servant, young man, young
   noble, dim of vassal. See Vassal, and cf. Valet.]

   1.  A  servant,  especially  to  a  knight;  an  attendant; a valet; a
   footman. [Obs.] Spenser. Tusser.

   2. Hence, a low fellow; a scoundrel; a rascal; as, an impudent varlet.

     What a brazen-faced varlet art thou ! Shak.

   3. In a pack of playing cards, the court card now called the knave, or
   jack. [Obs.]

                                   Varletry

   Var"let*ry (?), n. [Cf. OF. valeterie the young unmarried nobles.] The
   rabble; the crowd; the mob.

     Shall  they  hoist  me  up, And show me to the shouting varletry Of
     censuring Rome. Shak.

                                    Varnish

   Var"nish  (?),  n.  [OE. vernish, F. vernis, LL. vernicium; akin to F.
   vernir  to  varnish,  fr.  (assumed)  LL. vitrinire to glaze, from LL.
   vitrinus glassy, fr. L. vitrum glass. See Vitreous.]

   1.  A viscid liquid, consisting of a solution of resinous matter in an
   oil  or  a  volatile  liquid, laid on work with a brush, or otherwise.
   When applied the varnish soon dries, either by evaporation or chemical
   action,  and the resinous part forms thus a smooth, hard surface, with
   a  beautiful gloss, capable of resisting, to a greater or less degree,
   the influences of air and moisture.

     NOTE: &hand; Ac cording to  th e so rts of  so lvents employed, the
     ordinary  kinds  of varnish are divided into three classes: spirit,
     turpentine, and oil varnishes.

   Encyc. Brit

   2.  That  which resembles varnish, either naturally or artificially; a
   glossy appearance.

     The varnish of the holly and ivy. Macaulay.

   3.  An  artificial  covering  to  give a fair appearance to any act or
   conduct; outside show; gloss.

     And set a double varnish on the fame The Frenchman gave you. Shak.

   Varnish  tree (Bot.), a tree or shrub from the juice or resin of which
   varnish  is  made,  as  some  species of the genus Rhus, especially R.
   vernicifera of Japan. The black varnish of Burmah is obtained from the
   Melanorrh&oe;a  usitatissima,  a  tall  East Indian tree of the Cashew
   family. See Copal, and Mastic.

                                    Varnish

   Var"nish,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Varnished  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Varnishing.] [Cf. F. vernir, vernisser. See Varnish, n.]

   1. To lay varnish on; to cover with a liquid which produces, when dry,
   a hard, glossy surface; as, to varnish a table; to varnish a painting.

   2. To cover or conceal with something that gives a fair appearance; to
   give  a  fair coloring to by words; to gloss over; to palliate; as, to
   varnish guilt. "Beauty doth varnish age." Shak.

     Close ambition, varnished o'er with zeal. Milton.

     Cato's  voice was ne'er employed To clear the guilty and to varnish
     crimes. Addison.

                                   Varnisher

   Var"nish*er (?), n.

   1. One who varnishes; one whose occupation is to varnish.

   2.  One  who  disguises  or  palliates;  one who gives a fair external
   appearance. Pope.

                                  Varnishing

   Var"nish*ing,  n.  The  act  of laying on varnish; also, materials for
   varnish.

                                   Vartabed

   Var"ta*bed  (?),  n.  [Armen., a doctor, master, preceptor.] (Eccl.) A
   doctor  or  teacher  in  the Armenian church. Members of this order of
   ecclesiastics  frequently  have  charge  of  dioceses,  with episcopal
   functions.

                                    Varuna

   Va*ru"na  (?),  n. [Skr. Varua.] (Hindoo Myth.) The god of the waters;
   the  Indian Neptune. He is regarded as regent of the west, and lord of
   punishment,  and is represented as riding on a sea monster, holding in
   his  hand  a  snaky  cord or noose with which to bind offenders, under
   water.

                                    Varvel

   Var"vel  (?),  n. [F. vervelle.] In falconry, one of the rings secured
   to the ends of the jesses. [Written also vervel.]

                                   Varveled

   Var"veled  (?),  a. Having varvels, or rings. [Written also varvelled,
   and vervelled.]

     NOTE: &hand; In  he raldry, when the jesses attached to the legs of
     hawks  hang loose, or have pendent ends with rings at the tips, the
     blazon is a hawk (or a hawk's leg) jessed and varveled.

                                     Vary

   Va"ry  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Varied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Varying.]
   [OE.  varien,  F. varier, L. variare, fr. varius various. See Various,
   and cf. Variate.]

   1.  To  change the aspect of; to alter in form, appearance, substance,
   position,  or  the  like;  to  make  different by a partial change; to
   modify; as, to vary the properties, proportions, or nature of a thing;
   to vary a posture or an attitude; to vary one's dress or opinions.

     Shall  we  vary  our  device at will, Even as new occasion appears?
     Spenser.

   2.  To  change  to  something  else;  to  transmute;  to  exchange; to
   alternate.

     Gods,  that never change their state, Vary oft their love and hate.
     Waller.

     We  are to vary the customs according to the time and country where
     the scene of action lies. Dryden.

   3.  To make of different kinds; to make different from one another; to
   diversity; to variegate.

     God hath varied their inclinations. Sir T. Browne.

     God hath here Varied his bounty so with new delights. Milton.

   4.  (Mus.)  To  embellish;  to change fancifully; to present under new
   aspects, as of form, key, measure, etc. See Variation, 4.

                                     Vary

   Va"ry (?), v. i.

   1. To alter, or be altered, in any manner; to suffer a partial change;
   to  become  different;  to  be  modified; as, colors vary in different
   lights.

     That  each  from other differs, first confess; Next, that he varies
     from himself no less. Pope.

   2.  To  differ, or be different; to be unlike or diverse; as, the laws
   of France vary from those of England.

   3.   To   alter  or  change  in  succession;  to  alternate;  as,  one
   mathematical quantity varies inversely as another.

     While fear and anger, with alternate grace, Pant in her breast, and
     vary in her face. Addison.

   4.  To deviate; to depart; to swerve; -- followed by from; as, to vary
   from the law, or from reason. Locke.

   5.  To  disagree;  to be at variance or in dissension; as, men vary in
   opinion.

     The rich jewel which we vary for. Webster (1623).

                                     Vary

   Va"ry, n. Alteration; change. [Obs.] Shak.

                                    Varying

   Va"ry*ing,  a.  &  n.  from Vary. Varying hare (Zo\'94l.), any hare or
   rabbit  which  becomes  white in winter, especially the common hare of
   the Northern United States and Canada.

                                      Vas

   Vas (?), n.; pl. Vasa (#). [L., a vessel. See Vase.] (Anat.) A vessel;
   a  duct.  Vas deferens; pl. Vasa deferentia. [L. vas vessel + deferens
   carrying  down.] (Anat.) The excretory duct of a testicle; a spermatic
   duct.

                                   Vascular

   Vas"cu*lar  (?),  a.  [L. vasculum a small vessel, dim. of vas vessel:
   cf. F. vasculaire. See Vase, and cf. Vessel.]

   1.  (Biol.)  (a) Consisting of, or containing, vessels as an essential
   part  of a structure; full of vessels; specifically (Bot.), pertaining
   to,  or  containing,  special  ducts, or tubes, for the circulation of
   sap.  (b)  Operating  by  means  of,  or made up of an arrangement of,
   vessels;  as,  the vascular system in animals, including the arteries,
   veins, capillaries, lacteals, etc. (c) Of or pertaining to the vessels
   of animal and vegetable bodies; as, the vascular functions.

   2.  (Bot.) Of or pertaining to the higher division of plants, that is,
   the  ph\'91nogamous  plants, all of which are vascular, in distinction
   from the cryptogams, which to a large extent are cellular only.
   Vascular plants (Bot.), plants composed in part of vascular tissue, as
   all  flowering  plants and the higher cryptogamous plants, or those of
   the  class  Pteridophyta.  Cf.  Cellular plants, Cellular. -- Vascular
   system  (Bot.),  the  body  of  associated  ducts and woody fiber; the
   fibrovascular  part  of  plants.  -- Vascular tissue (Bot.), vegetable
   tissue  composed  partly  of  ducts,  or  sap tubes. -- Water vascular
   system  (Zo\'94l.),  a  system of vessels in annelids, nemerteans, and
   many  other invertebrates, containing a circulating fluid analogous to
   blood,  but  not  of the same composition. In annelids the fluid which
   they  contain  is  usually  red,  but  in  some it is green, in others
   yellow, or whitish.

                                  Vascularity

   Vas`cu*lar"i*ty  (?),  n.; pl. Vascularities (. (Biol.) The quality or
   state of being vascular.

                                   Vasculose

   Vas"cu*lose`  (?),  n. (Bot.) One of the substances of which vegetable
   tissue  is  composed,  differing  from  cellulose in its solubility in
   certain media.

                                   Vasculum

   Vas"cu*lum (?), n.; pl. Vascula (#). [L., a small vessel.]

   1. (Bot.) Same as Ascidium, n., 1.

   2.  A  tin  box, commonly cylindrical or flattened, used in collecting
   plants.

                                     Vase

   Vase  (?),  n.  [F.  vase;  cf. Sp. & It. vaso; fr. L. vas, vasum. Cf.
   Vascular, Vessel.]

   1.  A  vessel adapted for various domestic purposes, and anciently for
   sacrificial  used;  especially, a vessel of antique or elegant pattern
   used  for ornament; as, a porcelain vase; a gold vase; a Grecian vase.
   See Illust. of Portland vase, under Portland.

     No  chargers  then were wrought in burnished gold, Nor silver vases
     took the forming mold. Pope.

   2.  (Arch.)  (a)  A  vessel  similar  to  that  described in the first
   definition  above,  or  the  representation of one in a solid block of
   stone,  or  the  like,  used  for an ornament, as on a terrace or in a
   garden.  See  Illust.  of Niche. (b) The body, or naked ground, of the
   Corinthian and Composite capital; -- called also tambour, and drum.

     NOTE: &hand; Un til th e ti me of  Wa lker (1791), vase was made to
     rhyme  with  base,,  case,  etc.,  and  it  is  still  commonly  so
     pronounced  in  the  United  States.  Walker  made it to rhyme with
     phrase,  maze,  etc.  Of  modern  English practice, Mr. A. J. Ellis
     (1874)  says:  "Vase  has four pronunciations in English: v&asdd;z,
     which  I  most commonly say, is going out of use v\'84z I hear most
     frequently,  v\'bez very rarely, and v\'bes I only know from Cull's
     marking.  On the analogy of case, however, it should be the regular
     sound."

   3. (Bot.) The calyx of a plant.

                                   Vaseline

   Vas"e*line  (?),  n.  [Said  by the manufacturer to be derived from G.
   wasser  water  +  Gr.  'e`laion  olive  oil.]  A yellowish translucent
   substance, almost odorless and tasteless, obtained as a residue in the
   purification  of  crude  petroleum,  and  consisting  essentially of a
   mixture of several of the higher members of the paraffin series. It is
   used as an unguent, and for various purposes in the arts. See the Note
   under Petrolatum. [Written also vaselin.]

                                  Vase-shaped

   Vase"-shaped` (?), a. Formed like a vase, or like a common flowerpot.

                                   Vasiform

   Vas"i*form  (?), a. [L. vas a vessel + -form.] (Biol.) Having the form
   of  a  vessel,  or  duct.  Vasiform  tissue  (Bot.), tissue containing
   vessels, or ducts.

                                Vasoconstrictor

   Vas`o*con*strict"or  (?),  a.  (Physiol.)  Causing constriction of the
   blood  vessels;  as,  the vasoconstrictor nerves, stimulation of which
   causes  constriction  of  the  blood  vessels  to which they go. These
   nerves are also called vasohypertonic. <-- n. A substance which causes
   constriction  of  the  blood  vessels.  Such  substances  are  used in
   medicine to raise blood pressure. -->

                                  Vasodentine

   Vas`o*den"tine  (?),  n.  [L.  vas  a  vessel + E. dentine.] (Anat.) A
   modified  form  of  dentine,  which is permeated by blood capillaries;
   vascular dentine.

                                  Vasodilator

   Vas`o*di*lat"or (?), a.[L. vas a vessel + dilator.] (Physiol.) Causing
   dilation  or  relaxation  of  the  blood  vessels; as, the vasodilator
   nerves,  stimulation  of which causes dilation of the blood vessels to
   which  they  go.  These  nerves  are  also called vaso-inhibitory, and
   vasohypotonic  nerves,  since  their stimulation causes relaxation and
   rest.

                                 Vasoformative

   Vas`o*form"a*tive  (?),  a.  [L.  vas a vessel + formative] (Physiol.)
   Concerned  in the development and formation of blood vessels and blood
   corpuscles; as, the vasoformative cells.

                                Vaso-inhibitory

   Vas`o-in*hib"i*to*ry (?), a. (Physiol.) See Vasodilator.

                                   Vasomotor

   Vas`o*mo"tor  (?),  a.  [L.  vas a vessel + motor that which moves fr.
   movere  to move.] (Physiol.) Causing movement in the walls of vessels;
   as, the vasomotor mechanisms; the vasomotor nerves, a system of nerves
   distributed  over  the  muscular coats of the blood vessels. Vasomotor
   center,  the chief dominating or general center which supplies all the
   unstriped  muscles  of the arterial system with motor nerves, situated
   in  a  part of the medulla oblongata; a center of reflex action by the
   working  of  which  afferent  impulses  are  changed into efferent, --
   vasomotor  impulses  leading either to dilation or constriction of the
   blood vessels.

                                    Vassal

   Vas"sal  (?), n. [F., fr. LL. vassallus, vassus; of Celtic origin; cf.
   W.  &  Corn. gwas a youth, page, servant, Arm. gwaz a man, a male. Cf.
   Valet, Varlet, Vavasor.]

   1. (Feud. Law) The grantee of a fief, feud, or fee; one who holds land
   of  superior,  and who vows fidelity and homage to him; a feudatory; a
   feudal tenant. Burrill.

   2.  A  subject;  a  dependent; a servant; a slave. "The vassals of his
   anger." Milton.
   Rear vassal, the vassal of a vassal; an arriere vassal.

                                    Vassal

   Vas"sal, a. Resembling a vassal; slavish; servile.

     The sun and every vassal star. Keble.

                                    Vassal

   Vas"sal,  v.  t.  To  treat  as  a  vassal;  to subject to control; to
   enslave. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.

                                   Vassalage

   Vas"sal*age (?), n. [OE. vassalage, F. vasselage, LL. vassallaticum.]

   1. The state of being a vassal, or feudatory.

   2.  Political  servitude;  dependence;  subjection;  slavery;  as, the
   Greeks were held in vassalage by the Turks.

   3.  A  territory  held  in vassalage. "The Countship of Foix, with six
   territorial vassalages." Milman.

   4. Vassals, collectively; vassalry. [R.] Shak.

   5.  Valorous  service,  such  as  that  performed  by a vassal; valor;
   prowess; courage. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                   Vassaless

   Vas"sal*ess, n. A female vassal. [R.] Spenser.

                                   Vassalry

   Vas"sal*ry (?), n. The body of vassals. [R.]

                                     Vast

   Vast  (?), a. [Compar. Vaster (?); superl. Vastest.] [L. vastus empty,
   waste, enormous, immense: cf. F. vaste. See Waste, and cf. Devastate.]

   1. Waste; desert; desolate; lonely. [Obs.]

     The empty, vast, and wandering air. Shak.

   2.  Of  great  extent;  very  spacious  or  large; also, huge in bulk;
   immense; enormous; as, the vast ocean; vast mountains; the vast empire
   of Russia.

     Through the vast and boundless deep. Milton.

   3. Very great in numbers, quantity, or amount; as, a vast army; a vast
   sum of money.

   4.  Very  great  in importance; as, a subject of vast concern. Syn. --
   Enormous; huge; immense; mighty.

                                     Vast

   Vast,  n.  A  waste  region;  boundless  space; immensity. "The watery
   vast." Pope.

     Michael bid sound The archangel trumpet. Through the vast of heaven
     It sounded. Milton.

                                   Vastation

   Vas*ta"tion (?), n. [L. vastatio, fr. vastare to lay waste, fr. vastus
   empty,  waste.]  A  laying  waste;  waste;  depopulation; devastation.
   [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

                                    Vastel

   Vas"tel (?), n. See Wastel. [Obs.] Fuller.

                                   Vastidity

   Vas*tid"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf.  OF.  vastit\'82, L. vastitas.] Vastness;
   immensity. [Obs.] "All the world's vastidity." Shak.

                                   Vastitude

   Vas"ti*tude (?), n. [L. vastitudo.]

   1. Vastness; immense extent. [R.]

   2. Destruction; vastation. [Obs.] Joye.

                                    Vastity

   Vast"i*ty (?), n. [L. vastitas.] Vastness. [Obs.]

     The huge vastity of the world. Holland.

                                    Vastly

   Vast"ly,  adv.  To  a  vast extent or degree; very greatly; immensely.
   Jer. Taylor.

                                   Vastness

   Vast"ness, n. The quality or state of being vast.

                                     Vasty

   Vas"ty (?), a. [From Vast.] Vast; immense. [R.]

     I can call spirits from the vasty deep. Shak.

                                     Vasum

   Va"sum  (?),  n.  [L., a vase. See Vase.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus including
   several  species  of  large  marine gastropods having massive pyriform
   shells, with conspicuous folds on the columella.

                                      Vat

   Vat  (?),  n.  [A dialectic form for fat, OE. fat, AS. f\'91t; akin to
   D.vat, OS. fat, G. fass, OHG. faz, Icel. & Sw. fat, Dan.fad, Lith. p a
   pot,  and  probably  to  G. fassen to seize, to contain, OHG. fazz, D.
   vatten. Cf. Fat a vat.]
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1597

   1. A large vessel, cistern, or tub, especially one used for holding in
   an  immature  state, chemical preparations for dyeing, or for tanning,
   or for tanning leather, or the like.

     Let  him  produce his vase and tubs, in opposition to heaps of arms
     and standards. Addison.

   2. A measure for liquids, and also a dry measure; especially, a liquid
   measure in Belgium and Holland, corresponding to the hectoliter of the
   metric system, which contains 22.01 imperial gallons, or 26.4 standard
   gallons in the United States.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ol d Du tch gr ain va t averaged 0.762 Winchester
     bushel.   The   old  London  coal  vat  contained  9  bushels.  The
     solid-measurement vat of Amsterdam contains 40 cubic feet; the wine
     vat,  241.57  imperial  gallons,  and the vat for olive oil, 225.45
     imperial gallons.

   3.  (Metal.)  (a) A wooden tub for washing ores and mineral substances
   in.  (b)  A  square,  hollow place on the back of a calcining furnace,
   where tin ore is laid to dry.

   4. (R. C. Ch.) A vessel for holding holy water.

                                      Vat

   Vat  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vatted (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Vatting.] To
   put or transfer into a vat.

                                    Vatful

   Vat"ful  (?), n.; pl. Vatfuls (. As much as a vat will hold; enough to
   fill a vat.

                                    Vatical

   Vat"ic*al (?), a. [L. vates a prophet.] Of or pertaining to a prophet;
   prophetical. Bp. Hall.

                                    Vatican

   Vat"i*can  (?),  n.  [L.  Vaticanus,  mons,  or collis, Vaticanus, the
   Vatican  hill,  in  Rome,  on  the  western  bank of the Tiber: cf. F.
   Vatican, It. Vaticano.] A magnificent assemblage of buildings at Rome,
   near the church of St. Peter, including the pope's palace, a museum, a
   library, a famous chapel, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; Th  e wo rd is  of ten us ed to  in dicate th e pa pal
     authority.

   Thunders of the Vatican, the anathemas, or denunciations, of the pope.

                                  Vaticanism

   Vat"i*can*ism  (?),  n. The doctrine of papal supremacy; extreme views
   in  support  of  the  authority of the pope; ultramontanism; -- a term
   used only by persons who are not Roman Catholics.

                                  Vaticanist

   Vat"i*can*ist,  n. One who strongly adheres to the papal authority; an
   ultramontanist.

                                   Vaticide

   Vat"i*cide (?), n. [L. vates a prophet + caedere to kill.] The murder,
   or the murderer, of a prophet. "The caitiff vaticide." Pope.

                                   Vaticinal

   Va*tic"i*nal  (?),  a. [See Vaticinate.] Of or pertaining to prophecy;
   prophetic. T. Warton.

                                  Vaticinate

   Va*tic"i*nate  (?), v. i. & t. [L. vaticinatus, p. p. of vaticinari to
   prophesy,   fr.  vaticinus  prophetical,  fr.  vates  a  prophet.]  To
   prophesy; to foretell; to practice prediction; to utter prophecies.

                                 Vaticination

   Va*tic`i*na"tion (?), n. [L. vaticinatio.] Prediction; prophecy.

     It  is  not  a  false utterance; it is a true, though an impetuous,
     vaticination. I. Taylor.

                                  Vaticinator

   Va*tic"i*na`tor (?), n. [L.] One who vaticinates; a prophet.

                                   Vaticine

   Vat"i*cine  (?),  n.  [L.  vaticinium.]  A prediction; a vaticination.
   [Obs.] Holinshed.

                                  Vaudeville

   Vaude"ville (?), n. [F., fr. Vau-de-vire, a village in Normandy, where
   Olivier  Basselin,  at  the  end  of  the  14th century, composed such
   songs.] [Written also vaudevil.]

   1. A kind of song of a lively character, frequently embodying a satire
   on  some  person  or  event, sung to a familiar air in couplets with a
   refrain; a street song; a topical song.

   2.  A  theatrical  piece,  usually  a comedy, the dialogue of which is
   intermingled with light or satirical songs, set to familiar airs.

     The  early vaudeville, which is the forerunner of the opera bouffe,
     was light, graceful, and piquant. Johnson's Cyc.

                                    Vaudois

   Vau*dois (?), n. sing. & pl. [

   1. An inhabitant, or the inhabitants, of the Swiss canton of Vaud.

   2. A modern name of the Waldenses.

                                    Vaudoux

   Vau*doux" (?), n. & a. See Voodoo.

                                     Vault

   Vault  (?),  n.  [OE. voute, OF. voute, volte, F. vo\'96te, LL. volta,
   for  voluta, volutio, fr. L. volvere, volutum, to roll, to turn about.
   See Voluble, and cf. Vault a leap, Volt a turn, Volute.]

   1.  (Arch.)  An  arched  structure  of  masonry,  forming a ceiling or
   canopy.

     The long-drawn aisle and fretted vault. Gray.

   2.  An  arched  apartment;  especially,  a  subterranean room, use for
   storing  articles, for a prison, for interment, or the like; a cell; a
   cellar. "Charnel vaults." Milton.

     The silent vaults of death. Sandys.

     To banish rats that haunt our vault. Swift.

   3. The canopy of heaven; the sky.

     That heaven's vault should crack. Shak.

   4.  [F.  volte,  It.  volta,  originally, a turn, and the same word as
   volta   an   arch.   See  the  Etymology  above.]  A  leap  or  bound.
   Specifically:  --  (a)  (Man.) The bound or leap of a horse; a curvet.
   (b)  A  leap  by  aid  of the hands, or of a pole, springboard, or the
   like.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e l  in  this word was formerly often suppressed in
     pronunciation.

   Barrel,  Cradle, Cylindrical, OR Wagon, vault (Arch.), a kind of vault
   having  two parallel abutments, and the same section or profile at all
   points.  It  may  be  rampant, as over a staircase (see Rampant vault,
   under  Rampant), or curved in plan, as around the apse of a church. --
   Coved  vault.  (Arch.)  See  under  1st  Cove,  v. t. -- Groined vault
   (Arch.),  a  vault  having  groins,  that  is,  one in which different
   cylindrical  surfaces  intersect  one another, as distinguished from a
   barrel,  or wagon, vault. -- Rampant vault. (Arch.) See under Rampant.
   -- Ribbed vault (Arch.), a vault differing from others in having solid
   ribs  which bear the weight of the vaulted surface. True Gothic vaults
   are  of this character. -- Vault light, a partly glazed plate inserted
   in a pavement or ceiling to admit light to a vault below.

                                     Vault

   Vault  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Vaulted; p. pr. & vb. n. Vaulting.]
   [OE. vouten, OF. volter, vouter, F. vo\'96ter. See Vault an arch.]

   1.  To  form with a vault, or to cover with a vault; to give the shape
   of  an  arch  to;  to  arch; as, vault a roof; to vault a passage to a
   court.

     The shady arch that vaulted the broad green alley. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  [See  Vault, v. i.] To leap over; esp., to leap over by aid of the
   hands or a pole; as, to vault a fence.

     I will vault credit, and affect high pleasures. Webster (1623).

                                     Vault

   Vault,  v.  i. [Cf. OF. volter, F. voltiger, It. volt turn. See Vault,
   n., 4.]

   1. To leap; to bound; to jump; to spring.

     Vaulting ambition, which o'erleaps itself. Shak.

     Leaning on his lance, he vaulted on a tree. Dryden.

     Lucan  vaulted  upon  Pegasus  with all the heat and intrepidity of
     youth. Addison.

   2. To exhibit feats of tumbling or leaping; to tumble.

                                   Vaultage

   Vault"age  (?),  n.  Vaulted  work;  also,  a vaulted place; an arched
   cellar. [Obs.] Shak.

                                    Vaulted

   Vault"ed, a.

   1. Arched; concave; as, a vaulted roof.

   2. Covered with an arch, or vault.

   3.  (Bot.) Arched like the roof of the mouth, as the upper lip of many
   ringent flowers.

                                    Vaulter

   Vault"er (?), n. One who vaults; a leaper; a tumbler. B. Jonson.

                                   Vaulting

   Vault"ing, n.

   1. The act of constructing vaults; a vaulted construction.

   2. Act of one who vaults or leaps.

                                    Vaulty

   Vault"y (?), a. Arched; concave. [Obs.] "The vaulty heaven." Shak.

                                    Vaunce

   Vaunce (?), v. i. [See Advance.] To advance. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                     Vaunt

   Vaunt (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Vaunted; p. pr. & vb. n. Vaunting.] [F.
   vanter,  LL. vanitare, fr. L. vanus vain. See Vain.] To boast; to make
   a  vain  display  of one's own worth, attainments, decorations, or the
   like; to talk ostentatiously; to brag.

     Pride,  which prompts a man to vaunt and overvalue what he is, does
     incline him to disvalue what he has. Gov. of Tongue.

                                     Vaunt

   Vaunt,  v.  t. To boast of; to make a vain display of; to display with
   ostentation.

     Charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up. 1 Cor. xiii. 4.

     My vanquisher, spoiled of his vaunted spoil. Milton.

                                     Vaunt

   Vaunt,  n.  A  vain  display  of  what  one  is,  or has, or has done;
   ostentation from vanity; a boast; a brag.

     The  spirits  beneath, whom I seduced With other promises and other
     vaunts. Milton.

                                     Vaunt

   Vaunt,  n.  [F.  avant  before,  fore. See Avant, Vanguard.] The first
   part. [Obs.] Shak.

                                     Vaunt

   Vaunt,  v. t. [See Avant, Advance.] To put forward; to display. [Obs.]
   "Vaunted spear." Spenser.

     And what so else his person most may vaunt. Spenser.

                                 Vaunt-courier

   Vaunt"-cou`ri*er (?), n. See Van-courier. [Obs.] Shak.

                                    Vaunter

   Vaunt"er (?), n. One who vaunts; a boaster.

                                   Vauntful

   Vaunt"ful  (?), a. Given to vaunting or boasting; vainly ostentatious;
   boastful; vainglorious.

                                  Vauntingly

   Vaunt"ing*ly, adv. In a vaunting manner.

                                   Vauntmure

   Vaunt"mure`  (?), n. [F. avant-mur. See Vanguard, and Mure.] (Fort.) A
   false  wall;  a  work  raised in front of the main wall. [Written also
   vaimure, and vamure.] Camden.

                                 Vauquelinite

   Vauque"lin*ite  (?), n. [So called after the French chemist Vauquelin,
   who  died in 1829: cf. F. vauquelinite.] (Min.) Chromate of copper and
   lead, of various shades of green.

                                     Vaut

   Vaut (?), v. i. To vault; to leap. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                     Vaut

   Vaut, n. A vault; a leap. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                     Vauty

   Vaut"y  (?),  a.  Vaulted.  "The  haughty vauty welkin." [Obs.] Taylor
   (1611).

                                    Vavasor

   Vav"a*sor   (?),   n.  [OE.  vavasour,  OF.  vavassor,  vavassour,  F.
   vavasseur,  LL.  vavassor, probably contr. from vassus vassorum vassal
   of  the  vassals.  See  Vassal.] (Feud. Law) The vassal or tenant of a
   baron; one who held under a baron, and who also had tenants under him;
   one  in  dignity  next to a baron; a title of dignity next to a baron.
   Burrill.   "A  worthy  vavasour."  Chaucer.  [Also  written  vavasour,
   vavassor, valvasor, etc.]

     Vavasours  subdivide  again to vassals, exchanging land and cattle,
     human or otherwise, against fealty. Motley.

                                   Vavasory

   Vav"a*so*ry (?), n. [F. vavassorie.] (Feud. Law) The quality or tenure
   of the fee held by a vavasor; also, the lands held by a vavasor.

                                    Vaward

   Va"ward`  (?),  n. [For vanward, equivalent to vanguard. See Vanguard,
   Ward guard.] The fore part; van. [Obs.]

     Since we have the vaward of the day. Shak.

                                  Vaza parrot

   Va"za par`rot (?). (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species of parrots of
   the  genus  Coracopsis,  native  of  Madagascar;  --  called also vasa
   parrot.

                                    Veadar

   Ve"a*dar  (?),  n. The thirteenth, or intercalary, month of the Jewish
   ecclesiastical calendar, which is added about every third year.

                                     Veal

   Veal (?), n.[OE. veel, OF. veel, F. veau, L. vitellus, dim. of vitulus
   a  calf; akin to E. wether. See Wether, and cf. Vellum, Vituline.] The
   flesh of a calf when killed and used for food.

                                    Vection

   Vec"tion   (?),  n.  [L.  vectio,  from  vehere,  vectum,  to  carry.]
   Vectitation. [Obs.]

                                  Vectitation

   Vec`ti*ta"tion  (?),  n. [L. vectitatus bornve, v. intens. fr. vehere,
   vectum,  to  carry.]  The  act of carrying, or state of being carried.
   [Obs.]

                                    Vector

   Vec"tor (?), n. [L., a bearer, carrier. fr. vehere, vectum, to carry.]

   1. Same as Radius vector.

   2.  (Math.)  A  directed  quantity,  as a straight line, a force, or a
   velocity.  Vectors  are said to be equal when their directions are the
   same their magnitudes equal. Cf. Scalar.

     NOTE: &hand; In  a  tr iangle, either side is the vector sum of the
     other  two  sides  taken  in  proper order; the process finding the
     vector  sum  of  two  or more vectors is vector addition (see under
     Addition).

                                    Vecture

   Vec"ture  (?),  n.  [L.  vectura,  from  vehere, vectum, to carry. Cf.
   Vettura,  Voiture.]  The act of carrying; conveyance; carriage. [Obs.]
   Bacon.

                                     Veda

   Ve"da (?; 277), n. [Skr. v, properly, knowledge, from vid to know. See
   Wit.]  The  ancient sacred literature of the Hindoos; also, one of the
   four   collections,   called   Rig-Veda,  Yajur-Veda,  Sama-Veda,  and
   Atharva-Veda,   constituting   the   most  ancient  portions  of  that
   literature.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e la nguage of  th e Ve das is usually called Vedic
     Sanskrit,  as  distinguished  from  the later and more settled form
     called classical Sanskrit.

                                    Vedanta

   Ve*dan"ta  (?), n. [Skr. V.] A system of philosophy among the Hindoos,
   founded on scattered texts of the Vedas, and thence termed the "Anta,"
   or end or substance. Balfour (Cyc. of India.)

                                   Vedantic

   Ve*dan"tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Vedas.

                                   Vedantist

   Ve*dan"tist (?), n. One versed in the doctrines of the Vedantas.

                                    Vedette

   Ve*dette" (?), n. [F. vedette, It. vedetta, for veletta (influenced by
   vedere  to  see,  L.  videre),  from It. veglia watch, L. vigilia. See
   Vigil.]  A sentinel, usually on horseback, stationed on the outpost of
   an army, to watch an enemy and give notice of danger; a vidette.

                                     Vedro

   Ve"dro  (?),  n.  [Russ.]  A  Russian  liquid  measure, equal to 3.249
   gallons of U.S. standard measure, or 2.706 imperial gallons. McElrath.

                                     Veer

   Veer  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Veered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Veering.]
   [F.  virer  (cf. Sp. virar, birar), LL. virare; perhaps fr. L. vibrare
   to  brandish,  vibrate  (cf.  Vibrate);  or  cf.  L.  viriae  armlets,
   bracelets,  viriola  a little bracelet (cf. Ferrule). Cf. Environ.] To
   change  direction;  to  turn;  to shift; as, wind veers to the west or
   north. "His veering gait." Wordsworth.

     And as he leads, the following navy veers. Dryden.

     an ordinary community which is hostile or friendly as passion or as
     interest may veer about. Burke.

   To  veer and haul (Naut.), to vary the course or direction; -- said of
   the  wind, which veers aft and hauls forward. The wind is also said to
   veer when it shifts with the sun.
   
                                     Veer
                                       
   Veer,  v. t. To direct to a different course; to turn; to wear; as, to
   veer,  or  wear, a vessel. To veer and haul (Naut.), to pull tight and
   slacken  alternately.  Totten.  -- To veer away OR out (Naut.), to let
   out;  to  slacken and let run; to pay out; as, to veer away the cable;
   to veer out a rope.

                                    Veering

   Veer"ing, a. Shifting. -- Veer"ing*ly, adv.

                                     Veery

   Veer"y  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  American  thrush (Turdus fuscescens)
   common  in  the  Northern  United States and Canada. It is light tawny
   brown  above.  The  breast  is  pale buff, thickly spotted with brown.
   Called also Wilson's thrush.

     Sometimes I hear the veery's clarion. Thoreau.

                                     Vega

   Ve"ga  (?), n. (Astron.) [Ar. w, properly, falling: cf. F. W\'82ga.] A
   brilliant  star  of  the  first  magnitude,  the  brightest  of  those
   constituting the constellation Lyra.

                                 Vegetability

   Veg`e*ta*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality or state of being vegetable.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

                                   Vegetable

   Veg`e*ta*ble  (?), a. [F. v\'82g\'82table growing, capable of growing,
   formerly also, as a noun, a vegetable, from L. vegetabilis enlivening,
   from  vegetare  to  enliven,  invigorate,  quicken, vegetus enlivened,
   vigorous,  active,  vegere  to  quicken, arouse, to be lively, akin to
   vigere to be lively, to thrive, vigil watchful, awake, and probably to
   E. wake, v. See Vigil, Wake, v.]

   1.  Of  or pertaining to plants; having the nature of, or produced by,
   plants; as, a vegetable nature; vegetable growths, juices, etc.

     Blooming ambrosial fruit Of vegetable gold. Milton.

   2. Consisting of, or comprising, plants; as, the vegetable kingdom.
   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1598

   Vegetable  leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby West Indian spurge (Euphorbia
   punicea),  with leathery foliage and crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable
   leather,  under  Leather.  --  Vegetable  marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped
   gourd,  commonly  eight  to  ten inches long. It is noted for the very
   tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a favorite culinary vegetable in
   England.  It has been said to be of Persian origin, but is now thought
   to have been derived from a form of the American pumpkin. -- Vegetable
   oyster  (Bot.),  the  oyster  plant.  See  under  Oyster. -- Vegetable
   parchment,  papyrine.  -- Vegetable sheep (Bot.), a white woolly plant
   (Raoulia  eximia)  of  New  Zealand,  which grows in the form of large
   fleecy  cushions  on  the  mountains. -- Vegetable silk, a cottonlike,
   fibrous material obtained from the coating of the seeds of a Brazilian
   tree  (Chorisia  speciosa).  It  us  used for various purposes, as for
   stuffing, and the like, but is incapable of being spun on account of a
   want  of cohesion among the fibers. -- Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof.
   --  Vegetable  sulphur, the fine highly inflammable spores of the club
   moss  (Lycopodium  clavatum);  witch. -- Vegetable tallow, a substance
   resembling tallow, obtained from various plants; as, Chinese vegetable
   tallow,  obtained  from the seeds of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable
   tallow  is a name sometimes given to piney tallow. -- Vegetable wax, a
   waxy  excretion  on  the  leaves  or  fruits of certain plants, as the
   bayberry.  Vegetable  kingdom  (Nat.  Hist.), that primary division of
   living  things which includes all plants. The classes of the vegetable
   kingdom  have  been  grouped  differently  by  various  botanists. The
   following is one of the best of the many arrangements of the principal
   subdivisions.  <---  Note:  this section was divided into two columns,
   the right-hand column being delimited and separated from the left-hand
   column  by  a  long  brace  on  the  its left side. The portion in the
   right-hand  column  of each of these two divisions is instead included
   here  within  braces.  The  definitions  of  the divisions were in the
   left-hand   column,  centered  on  the  right-hand  segments.  -->  I.
   Ph\'91nogamia  (called  also  Phanerogamia).  Plants  having  distinct
   flowers  and  true  seeds. { 1. Dicotyledons (called also Exogens). --
   Seeds  with  two or more cotyledons. Stems with the pith, woody fiber,
   and   bark  concentrically  arranged.  Divided  into  two  subclasses:
   Angiosperms,  having  the  woody  fiber  interspersed  with  dotted or
   annular  ducts,  and  the seed contained in a true ovary; Gymnosperms,
   having  few  or  no  ducts in the woody fiber, and the seeds naked. 2.
   Monocotyledons (called also Endogens). -- Seeds with single cotyledon.
   Stems with slender bundles of woody fiber not concentrically arranged,
   and  with no true bark.} II. Cryptogamia. Plants without true flowers,
   and  reproduced  by  minute spores of various kinds, or by simple cell
   division.  {  1.  Acrogens.  -- Plants usually with distinct stems and
   leaves,  existing  in  two  alternate  conditions,  one  of  which  is
   nonsexual  and  sporophoric, the other sexual and o\'94phoric. Divided
   into  Vascular Acrogens, or Pteridophyta, having the sporophoric plant
   conspicuous  and  consisting  partly  of vascular tissue, as in Ferns,
   Lycopods,  and  Equiseta,  and Cellular Acrogens, or Bryophyta, having
   the  sexual  plant most conspicuous, but destitute of vascular tissue,
   as  in  Mosses  and  Scale  Mosses.  2.  Thallogens. -- Plants without
   distinct  stem  and leaves, consisting of a simple or branched mass of
   cellular  tissue,  or  educed  to a single cell. Reproduction effected
   variously.  Divided  into  Alg\'91,  which  contain chlorophyll or its
   equivalent,  and  which  live  upon  air  and  water, and Fungi, which
   contain  no  chlorophyll, and live on organic matter. (Lichens are now
   believed to be fungi parasitic on included alg\'91.}

     NOTE: &hand; Many botanists divide the Ph\'91nogamia primarily into
     Gymnosperms  and  Angiosperms, and the latter into Dicotyledons and
     Monocotyledons.  Others  consider  Pteridophyta and Bryophyta to be
     separate  classes.  Thallogens  are  variously divided by different
     writers,  and  the  places for diatoms, slime molds, and stoneworts
     are  altogether  uncertain. For definitions, see these names in the
     Vocabulary.

                                   Vegetable

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits  of  certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veg"e*ta*ble
   (?), n.

   1. (Biol.) A plant. See Plant.

   2. A plant used or cultivated for food for man or domestic animals, as
   the  cabbage,  turnip, potato, bean, dandelion, etc.; also, the edible
   part  of  such  a plant, as prepared for market or the table. <-- 3. A
   person  who  has  permanently lost consciousness, due to damage to the
   brain, but remains alive; sometimes continued life requires support by
   machinery  such  as  breathing tubes. SUch a person is said to be in a
   vegetative state. -->

     NOTE: &hand; Ve  getables an  d fr  uits ar  e so  metimes lo osely
     distinguished  by  the usual need of cooking the former for the use
     of  man,  while  the  latter  may be eaten raw; but the distinction
     often  fails,  as  in  the  case  of quinces, barberries, and other
     fruits,  and  lettuce,  celery,  and  other vegetables. Tomatoes if
     cooked are vegetables, if eaten raw are fruits.

                                    Vegetal

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veg"e*tal (?),
   a. [F. v\'82g\'82tal. See Vegetable.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining to vegetables, or the vegetable kingdom; of the
   nature of a vegetable; vegetable.

     All creatures vegetal, sensible, and rational. Burton.

   2.  (Biol.)  Of,  pertaining  to,  or designating, that class of vital
   phenomena,  such  as  digestion,  absorption, assimilation, secretion,
   excretion,  circulation,  generation, etc., which are common to plants
   and  animals,  in  distinction  from sensation and volition, which are
   peculiar to animals.

                                    Vegetal

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits  of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veg"e*tal, n.
   [F.] A vegetable. [R.] B. Jonson.

                                  Vegetality

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veg`e*tal"i*ty
   (?), n.

   1. The quality or state of being vegetal, or vegetable. [R.]

   2.  (Biol.) The quality or state of being vegetal, or exhibiting those
   physiological  phenomena  which  are common to plants and animals. See
   Vegetal, a., 2.

                                  Vegetarian

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veg`e*ta"ri*an
   (?),  n.  One who holds that vegetables and fruits are the only proper
   food for man. Strict vegetarians eat no meat, eggs, or milk.

                                  Vegetarian

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veg`e*ta"ri*an,
   a. Of or pertaining to vegetarianism; as, a vegetarian diet.

                                 Vegetarianism

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves    or   fruits   of   certain   plants,   as   the   bayberry.>
   Veg`e*ta"ri*an*ism  (?),  n.  The  theory  or  practice of living upon
   vegetables and fruits.

                                   Vegetate

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veg"e*tate (?),
   v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Vegetated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Vegetating.] [L.
   vegetatus, p. p. of vegetare to enliven. See Vegetable.]

   1.  To  grow,  as  plants,  by nutriment imbibed by means of roots and
   leaves; to start into growth; to sprout; to germinate.

     See  dying  vegetables  life  sustain, See life dissolving vegetate
     again. Pope.

   2. Fig.: To lead a live too low for an animate creature; to do nothing
   but eat and grow. Cowper.

     Persons who . . . would have vegetated stupidly in the places where
     fortune had fixed them. Jeffrey.

   3.  (Med.) To grow exuberantly; to produce fleshy or warty outgrowths;
   as, a vegetating papule.

                                  Vegetation

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits  of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veg`e*ta"tion
   (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  v\'82g\'82tation,  L. vegetatio an enlivening. See
   Vegetable.]

   1.  The  act  or  process  of  vegetating, or growing as a plant does;
   vegetable growth.

   2.  The  sum  of  vegetable life; vegetables or plants in general; as,
   luxuriant vegetation.

   3. (Med.) An exuberant morbid outgrowth upon any part, especially upon
   the valves of the heart.
   Vegetation   of   salts  (Old  Chem.),  a  crystalline  growth  of  an
   arborescent form.

                                  Vegetative

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits  of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veg"e*ta*tive
   (?), a. [Cf. F. v\'82g\'82tatif.]

   1.  Growing,  or  having  the  power of growing, as plants; capable of
   vegetating.

   2.  Having  the  power to produce growth in plants; as, the vegetative
   properties of soil.

   3. (Biol.) Having relation to growth or nutrition; partaking of simple
   growth  and  enlargement  of  the systems of nutrition, apart from the
   sensorial    or    distinctively   animal   functions;   vegetal.   --
   Veg"e*ta*tive*ly, adv. -- Veg"e*ta*tive*ness, n.

                                    Vegete

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve*gete" (?), a.
   [L.  vegetus.  See  Vegetable.]  Lively;  active; sprightly; vigorous.
   [Obs.]

     Even her body was made airy and vegete. Jer. Taylor.

                                   Vegetive

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veg"e*tive (?),
   a.  [See  Vegetate,  and  Vegetative.]  Having  the nature of a plant;
   vegetable; as, vegetive life. [R.] Tusser.

                                   Vegetive

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veg"e*tive, n. A
   vegetable. [Obs.]

     The  blest  infusions  That  dwell in vegetives, in metals, stones.
     Shak.

                                 Vegeto-animal

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves    or   fruits   of   certain   plants,   as   the   bayberry.>
   Veg"e*to-an"i*mal  (?),  a.  (Biol.)  Partaking  of the nature both of
   vegetable  and animal matter; -- a term sometimes applied to vegetable
   albumen and gluten, from their resemblance to similar animal products.

                                   Vegetous

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veg"e*tous (?),
   a.  [L. vegetus. See Vegete.] Vigorous; lively; active; vegete. [Obs.]
   B. Jonson.

                                   Vehemence

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve"he*mence (?),
   n. [L. vehementia: cf. F. v\'82h\'82mence.]

   1.   The   quality  pr  state  of  being  vehement;  impetuous  force;
   impetuosity; violence; fury; as, the vehemence.

   2.  Violent  ardor;  great heat; animated fervor; as, the vehemence of
   love, anger, or other passions.

     I . . . tremble at his vehemence of temper. Addison.

                                   Vehemency

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits  of  certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve"he*men*cy
   (?), n. Vehemence. [R.]

     The vehemency of your affection. Shak.

                                   Vehement

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve"he*ment (?),
   a.  [L. vehemens, the first part of which is perhaps akin to vehere to
   carry,  and  the second mens mind: cf. F. v\'82h\'82ment. Cf. Vehicle,
   and Mental.]

   1.  Acting  with  great  force; furious; violent; impetuous; forcible;
   mighty;  as,  vehement  wind;  a  vehement torrent; a vehement fire or
   heat.

   2.  Very ardent; very eager or urgent; very fervent; passionate; as, a
   vehement affection or passion. "Vehement instigation." Shak. "Vehement
   desire."   Milton.   Syn.  --  Furious;  violent;  raging;  impetuous;
   passionate; ardent; eager; hot; fervid; burning.

                                  Vehemently

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve"he*ment*ly,
   adv. In a vehement manner.

                                    Vehicle

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve"hi*cle (?),
   n.  [L. vehiculum, fr. vehere to carry; akin to E. way, wain. See Way,
   n., and cf. Convex, Inveigh, Veil, Vex.]

   1.  That in or on which any person or thing is, or may be, carried, as
   a coach, carriage, wagon, cart, car, sleigh, bicycle, etc.; a means of
   conveyance; specifically, a means of conveyance upon land.

   2.   That   which   is   used  as  the  instrument  of  conveyance  or
   communication; as, matter is the vehicle of energy.

     A  simple  style  forms  the  best  vehicle of thought to a popular
     assembly. Wirt.

   3. (Pharm.) A substance in which medicine is taken.

   4.  (Paint.)  Any  liquid  with  which a pigment is applied, including
   whatever gum, wax, or glutinous or adhesive substance is combined with
   it.

     NOTE: &hand; Wa ter is  used in fresco and in water-color painting,
     the  colors  being  consolidated  with  gum arabic; size is used in
     distemper  painting.  In  oil  painting, the fixed oils of linseed,
     nut, and poppy, are used; in encaustic, wax is the vehicle.

   Fairholt.

                                   Vehicled

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve"hi*cled (?),
   a. Conveyed in a vehicle; furnished with a vehicle. M. Green.

                                   Vehicular

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits  of  certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve*hic"u*lar
   (?), a. [L. vehicularis: cf. F. v\'82hiculaire.] Of or pertaining to a
   vehicle; serving as a vehicle; as, a vehicular contrivance.

                                  Vehiculary

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve*hic"u*la*ry
   (?), a. Vehicular.

                                  Vehiculate

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve*hic"u*late,
   v.  t.  &  i.  To  convey by means of a vehicle; to ride in a vehicle.
   Carlyle.

                                 Vehiculation

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve*hic`u*la"tion
   (?), n. Movement of vehicles.

                                 Vehiculatory

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves    or   fruits   of   certain   plants,   as   the   bayberry.>
   Ve*hic"u*la*to*ry (?), a. Vehicular. Carlyle.

                                    Vehmic

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits  of  certain  plants, as the bayberry.> Veh"mic (?;
   277),  a. [G. vehm, fehm, fehme, a secret tribunal of punishment, MHG.
   veime,  veme:  cf.  F.  vehmique.]  Of, pertaining to, or designating,
   certain  secret  tribunals  flourished  in Germany from the end of the
   12th century to the middle of the 16th, usurping many of the functions
   of  the  government which were too weak to maintain law and order, and
   inspiring  dread  in  all  who  came within their jurisdiction. Encyc.
   Brit.

                                     Veil

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits  of  certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veil (?), n.
   [OE.  veile,  OF. veile, F. voile, L. velum a sail, covering, curtain,
   veil,  probably  fr.  vehere to bear, carry, and thus originally, that
   which  bears  the ship on. See Vehicle, and cf. Reveal.] [Written also
   vail.]

   1.  Something  hung up, or spread out, to intercept the view, and hide
   an  object;  a  cover;  a  curtain;  esp., a screen, usually of gauze,
   crape, or similar diaphnous material, to hide or protect the face.

     The veil of the temple was rent in twain. Matt. xxvii. 51.

     She,  as  a veil down to the slender waist, Her unadorn\'82d golden
     tresses wore. Milton.

   2. A cover; disguise; a mask; a pretense.

     [I  will]  pluck  the  borrowed veil of modesty from the so seeming
     Mistress Page. Shak.

   3.  (Bot.)  (a)  The calyptra of mosses. (b) A membrane connecting the
   margin  of  the  pileus  of  a mushroom with the stalk; -- called also
   velum.

   4. (Eccl.) A covering for a person or thing; as, a nun's veil; a paten
   veil; an altar veil.

   5. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Velum, 3.
   To  take the veil (Eccl.), to receive or be covered with, a veil, as a
   nun, in token of retirement from the world; to become a nun.

                                     Veil

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veil (?), v. t.
   [imp. & p. p. Veiled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Veiling.] [Cf. OF. veler, F.
   voiler, L. velarc. See Veil, n.] [Written also vail.]

   1. To throw a veil over; to cover with a veil.

     Her  face  was  veiled;  yet  to my fancied sight, Love, sweetness,
     goodness, in her person shined. Milton.

   2. Fig.: To invest; to cover; to hide; to conceal.

     To keep your great pretenses veiled. Shak.

                                    Veiled

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veiled (?), a.
   Covered  by,  or as by, a veil; hidden. "Words used to convey a veiled
   meaning." Earle.

                                    Veiling

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veil"ing (?), n.
   A veil; a thin covering; also, material for making veils.

                                   Veilless

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits  of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veil"less, a.
   Having no veil. Tennyson.

                                     Vein

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits  of  certain plants, as the bayberry.> Vein (?), n.
   [OE. veine, F. veine, L. vena.]

   1.  (Anat.)  One  of  the  vessels which carry blood, either venous or
   arterial, to the heart. See Artery, 2.

   2. (Bot.) One of the similar branches of the framework of a leaf.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) One of the ribs or nervures of the wings of insects. See
   Venation.

   4.  (Geol.  or Mining) A narrow mass of rock intersecting other rocks,
   and  filling  inclined or vertical fissures not corresponding with the
   stratification;  a  lode; a dike; -- often limited, in the language of
   miners,  to  a mineral vein or lode, that is, to a vein which contains
   useful minerals or ores.

   5.  A  fissure,  cleft, or cavity, as in the earth or other substance.
   "Down to the veins of earth." Milton.

     Let the glass of the prisms be free from veins. Sir I. Newton.

   6.  A  streak  or  wave  of different color, appearing in wood, and in
   marble and other stones; variegation.

   7. A train of association, thoughts, emotions, or the like; a current;
   a course.

     He can open a vein of true and noble thinking. Swift.

   8.  Peculiar  temper  or  temperament;  tendency  or  turn  of mind; a
   particular  disposition  or  cast  of  genius; humor; strain; quality;
   also,  manner  of  speech  or  action;  as,  a  rich  vein of humor; a
   satirical vein. Shak.

     Certain discoursing wits which are of the same veins. Bacon.

     Invoke the Muses, and improve my vein. Waller.

                                     Vein

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits  of  certain  plants, as the bayberry.> Vein, v. t.
   [imp.  &  p.  p. Veined (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Veining.] To form or mark
   with veins; to fill or cover with veins. Tennyson.

                                    Veinal

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Vein"al (?), a.
   Pertaining to veins; venous. [R.]

                                    Veined

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Veined (?), a.

   1.  Full  of  veins;  streaked; variegated; as, veined marble. "Veined
   follies." Ford.

   2.  (Bot.)  Having  fibrovascular  threads  extending  throughout  the
   lamina; as, a veined leaf.

                                   Veinless

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Vein"less (?),
   a. Having no veins; as, a veinless leaf.

                                    Veinlet

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Vein"let (?), n.
   A small vein.

                                    Veinous

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Vein"ous (?), a.
   Marked with veins; veined; veiny.

     The  excellent  old  gentleman's nails are long and leaden, and his
     hands lean and veinous. Dickens.

                                   Veinstone

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Vein"stone` (?),
   n. The nonmetalliferous mineral or rock material which accompanies the
   ores  in  a  vein,  as  quartz,  calcite, barite, fluor spar, etc.; --
   called also veinstuff.

                                     Veiny

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Vein"y (?), a.
   [From  Vein:  cf.  F.  vein\'82.]  Full of veins; veinous; veined; as,
   veiny marble.

                                     Velar

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve"lar (?), a.
   [See Velum.]

   1.  Of  or pertaining to a velum; esp. (Anat.) of or pertaining to the
   soft palate.

   2.  (Phon.)  Having  the  place  of  articulation  on the soft palate;
   guttural; as, the velar consonants, such as k and hard q.

                                   Velarium

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve*la"ri*um (?),
   n.;  pl.  Velaria  (#).  [L.,  a  covering.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The marginal
   membrane of certain medus\'91 belonging to the Discophora.

                                    Velate

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve"late (?), a.
   [L. velatus, p. p. of velare to veil. See Veil.] (Bot.) Having a veil;
   veiled.

                                     Vele

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Vele (?), n. A
   veil. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                    Velella

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve*lel"la (?),
   n. [NL., dim. from L. velum a veil, a sail.] (Zo\'94l.) Any species of
   oceanic Siphonophora belonging to the genus Velella.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ese cr eatures are brilliantly colored and float at
     the  surface  of  the  sea.  They  have  an  oblong, disklike body,
     supported  by  a  thin  chitinous  plate,  from  which rises a thin
     diagonal  crest  which acts as a sail. The feeding and reproductive
     zooids hang down from the under side of the disk.

                                  Veliferous

   Vegetable  alkali (Chem.), an alkaloid. -- Vegetable brimstone. (Bot.)
   See  Vegetable  sulphur,  below. -- Vegetable butter (Bot.), a name of
   several  kinds  of  concrete  vegetable  oil;  as that produced by the
   Indian  butter  tree,  the  African  shea  tree,  and  the  Pentadesma
   butyracea,  a  tree  of  the  order  Guttifer\'91, also African. Still
   another  kind  is  pressed  from  the  seeds  of cocoa (Theobroma). --
   Vegetable  flannel,  a  textile material, manufactured in Germany from
   pine-needle  wool,  a  down  or  fiber obtained from the leaves of the
   Pinus  sylvestris.  -- Vegetable ivory. See Ivory nut, under Ivory. --
   Vegetable  jelly.  See  Pectin. -- Vegetable kingdom. (Nat. Hist.) See
   the last Phrase, below. --1598 Vegetable leather. (a) (Bot.) A shrubby
   West  Indian  spurge  (Euphorbia  punicea),  with leathery foliage and
   crimson bracts. (b) See Vegetable leather, under Leather. -- Vegetable
   marrow (Bot.), an egg-shaped gourd, commonly eight to ten inches long.
   It  is  noted  for  the  very  tender  quality  of its flesh, and is a
   favorite  culinary  vegetable  in  England.  It has been said to be of
   Persian origin, but is now thought to have been derived from a form of
   the  American  pumpkin.  -- Vegetable oyster (Bot.), the oyster plant.
   See under Oyster. -- Vegetable parchment, papyrine. -- Vegetable sheep
   (Bot.),  a  white  woolly plant (Raoulia eximia) of New Zealand, which
   grows  in  the  form  of  large  fleecy  cushions on the mountains. --
   Vegetable  silk,  a  cottonlike,  fibrous  material  obtained from the
   coating  of  the  seeds of a Brazilian tree (Chorisia speciosa). It us
   used  for  various  purposes,  as  for  stuffing, and the like, but is
   incapable  of  being  spun  on account of a want of cohesion among the
   fibers.  --  Vegetable sponge. See 1st Loof. -- Vegetable sulphur, the
   fine highly inflammable spores of the club moss (Lycopodium clavatum);
   witch.  --  Vegetable  tallow, a substance resembling tallow, obtained
   from  various  plants; as, Chinese vegetable tallow, obtained from the
   seeds  of the tallow tree. Indian vegetable tallow is a name sometimes
   given  to  piney  tallow.  --  Vegetable  wax, a waxy excretion on the
   leaves  or  fruits  of certain plants, as the bayberry.> Ve*lif"er*ous
   (?),  a.  [L.  velifer;  velum  a  sail  + ferre to bear.] Carrying or
   bearing sails. [Obs.] "Veliferous chariots." Evelyn.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1599

                                    Veliger

   Vel"i*ger (?), n. [NL., fr. L. velum a veil + gerere bear.] (Zo\'94l.)
   Any  larval  gastropod  or  bivalve  mollusk  in  the state when it is
   furnished with one or two ciliated membranes for swimming.

                                  Velitation

   Vel`i*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  velitatio,  fr.  velitari, velitatus, to
   skirmish,  from  veles,  -itis,  a  light-armed soldier.] A dispute or
   contest; a slight contest; a skirmish. [R.] Sir M. Hale.

     After a short velitation we parted. Evelyn.

                                  Velivolant

   Ve*liv"o*lant  (?),  a. [L. velivolans; velum a sail + volare to fly.]
   Flying with sails; passing under full sail. [R.]

                                     Vell

   Vell (?), n. [Cf. L. vellus the skin of a sheep with the wool on it, a
   fleece,  a  hide  or pelt, or E. fell a hide.] The salted stomach of a
   calf, used in making cheese; a rennet bag. [Prov. Eng.]

                                     Vell

   Vell,  v.  i.  [Cf.  Vell,  n.]  To cut the turf from, as for burning.
   [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

                                   Velleity

   Vel*le"i*ty  (?),  n. [F. vell\'82it\'82 (cf. It. velleit\'85), fr. L.
   velle  to will, to be willing.] The lowest degree of desire; imperfect
   or incomplete volition. Locke.

                                    Vellet

   Vel"let (?), n. Velvet. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                   Vellicate

   Vel"li*cate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vellicated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vellicating.]  [L.  vellicatus,  p.  p.  of  vellicare  to twitch, fr.
   vellere to pluck, pull.] To twitch; to cause to twitch convulsively.

     Convulsions,  arising  from  something  vellicating  a nerve in its
     extremity, are not very dangerous. Arbuthnot.

                                   Vellicate

   Vel"li*cate,  v.  i.  To  move  spasmodically;  to twitch; as, a nerve
   vellicates.

                                  Vellication

   Vel`li*ca"tion (?), [L. vellicatio.]

   1. The act of twitching, or of causing to twitch.

   2.  (Med.)  A  local  twitching,  or  convulsive motion, of a muscular
   fiber, especially of the face.

                                  Vellicative

   Vel"li*ca*tive  (?),  a. Having the power of vellicating, plucking, or
   twitching; causing vellication.

                                    Vellon

   Vel*lon" (?), n. [Sp.] A word occurring in the phrase real vellon. See
   the Note under Its Real.

                                    Vellum

   Vel"lum  (?),  n. [OE. velim, F. v\'82lin, fr. L. vitulinus of a calf,
   fr.  vitulus a calf. See Veal.] A fine kind of parchment, usually made
   from  calfskin,  and  rendered clear and white, -- used as for writing
   upon,  and  for  binding  books.  Vellum  cloth, a fine kind of cotton
   fabric, made very transparent, and used as a tracing cloth.

                                    Vellumy

   Vel"lum*y (?), a. Resembling vellum.

                                  Velocimeter

   Vel`o*cim"e*ter  (?),  n.  [L.  velox,  -ocis,  rapid  +  -meter.]  An
   apparatus  for  measuring  speed,  as  of  machinery  or  vessels, but
   especially of projectiles.

                                  Velocipede

   Ve*loc"i*pede  (?),  n.  [L. velox, -ocis, swift + pes, pedis, a foot.
   See  Velocity,  and Foot.] A light road carriage propelled by the feet
   of  the rider. Originally it was propelled by striking the tips of the
   toes  on  the roadway, but commonly now by the action of the feet on a
   pedal  or pedals connected with the axle of one or more of the wheels,
   and  causing  their revolution. They are made in many forms, with two,
   three, or four wheels. See Bicycle, and Tricycle.

                                 Velecipedist

   Ve*lec"i*pe`dist (?), n. One who rides on a velocipede.

                                   Velocity

   Ve*loc"i*ty  (?),  n.;  pl. Velocities (#). [L. velocitas, from velox,
   -ocis,  swift,  quick; perhaps akin to v to fly (see Volatile): cf. F.
   v\'82locit\'82.]

   1.  Quickness of motion; swiftness; speed; celerity; rapidity; as, the
   velocity  of  wind;  the velocity of a planet or comet in its orbit or
   course; the velocity of a cannon ball; the velocity of light.

     NOTE: &hand; In  such phrases, velocity is more generally used than
     celerity.  We  apply celerity to animals; as, a horse or an ostrich
     runs  with  celerity;  but  bodies moving in the air or in ethereal
     space  move with greater or less velocity, not celerity. This usage
     is arbitrary, and perhaps not universal.

   2. (Mech.) Rate of motion; the relation of motion to time, measured by
   the  number of units of space passed over by a moving body or point in
   a  unit  of  time, usually the number of feet passed over in a second.
   See the Note under Speed.
   Angular velocity. See under Angular. -- Initial velocity, the velocity
   of a moving body at starting; especially, the velocity of a projectile
   as  it  leaves  the mouth of a firearm from which it is discharged. --
   Relative  velocity,  the  velocity  with  which  a  body approaches or
   recedes  from  another  body,  whether both are moving or only one. --
   Uniform  velocity, velocity in which the same number of units of space
   are  described  in each successive unit of time. -- Variable velocity,
   velocity  in  which  the  space  described varies from instant, either
   increasing  or  decreasing;  --  in the former case called accelerated
   velocity,  in  the  latter,  retarded  velocity;  the  acceleration or
   retardation  itself  being also either uniform or variable. -- Virtual
   velocity. See under Virtual.
   
     NOTE: &hand; I n v ariable velocity, the velocity, strictly, at any
     given  instant,  is  the  rate  of  motion  at that instant, and is
     expressed  by  the  units  of space, which, if the velocity at that
     instant  were  continued  uniform  during  a unit of time, would be
     described in the unit of time; thus, the velocity of a falling body
     at a given instant is the number of feet which, if the motion which
     the  body  has  at  that  instant  were continued uniformly for one
     second,  it  would pass through in the second. The scientific sense
     of  velocity differs from the popular sense in being applied to all
     rates  of  motion,  however  slow, while the latter implies more or
     less rapidity or quickness of motion.
     
   Syn. -- Swiftness; celerity; rapidity; fleetness; speed.
   
                                    Velours
                                       
   Ve*lours"  (?), n. [F. See Velure.] One of many textile fabrics having
   a pile like that of velvet.
   
                                   Velffare
                                       
   Velf"fare  (?),  n.  [See Fieldfare.] (Zo\'94l.) The fieldfare. [Prov.
   Eng.]
   
                                     Velum
                                       
   Ve"lum (?), n.; pl. Vela (#). [L., an awning, a veil. See Veil.] 

   1.  (Anat.)  Curtain  or  covering;  --  applied to various membranous
   partitions, especially to the soft palate. See under Palate.

   2. (Bot.) (a) See Veil, n., 3 (b). (b) A thin membrane surrounding the
   sporocarps of quillworts Isoetes).

   3.  (Zo\'94l.) A veil-like organ or part. Especially: (a) The circular
   membrane  that  partially  incloses  the space beneath the umbrella of
   hydroid  medus\'91.  (b)  A  delicate  funnel-like membrane around the
   flagellum of certain Infusoria. See Illust. a of Protozoa.

                                    Velure

   Vel"ure  (?),  n. [F. velours, OF. velous, from L. villosus hairy. See
   Velvet.] Velvet. [Obs.] "A woman's crupper of velure." Shak.

                                   Velutina

   Vel`u*ti"na  (?),  n.  [NL. See Velvet.] (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several
   species of marine gastropods belonging to Velutina and allied genera.

                                  Velutinous

   Ve*lu"ti*nous  (?), a. [It. velluto velvet. See Velvet.] (Bot.) Having
   the  surface  covered with a fine and dense silky pubescence; velvety;
   as, a velutinous leaf.

                                    Velverd

   Vel"verd (?), n. The veltfare. [Prov. Eng.]

                                   Velveret

   Vel`ver*et" (?), n. A kind of velvet having cotton back.

                                    Velvet

   Vel"vet  (?),  n. [OE. velouette, veluet, velwet; cf. OF. velluau, LL.
   velluetum,  vellutum,  It. velluto, Sp. velludo; all fr. (assumed) LL.
   villutus  shaggy,  fr  L. villus shaggy hair; akin to vellus a fleece,
   and E. wool. See Wool, and cf. Villous.]

   1. A silk fabric, having a short, close nap of erect threads. Inferior
   qualities are made with a silk pile on a cotton or linen back.

   2.  The  soft  and  highly  vascular deciduous skin which envelops and
   nourishes the antlers of deer during their rapid growth.
   Cotton velvet, an imitation of velvet, made of cotton. -- Velvet cork,
   the  best kind of cork bark, supple, elastic, and not woody or porous.
   --  Velvet crab a European crab (Portunus puber). When adult the black
   carapace  is  covered  with a velvety pile. Called also lady crab, and
   velvet  fiddler.  -- Velvet dock (Bot.), the common mullein. -- Velvet
   duck.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  large European sea duck, or scoter (Oidemia
   fusca). The adult male is glossy, velvety black, with a white speculum
   on  each  wing,  and  a  white patch behind each eye. (b) The American
   whitewinged   scoter.   See   Scoter.   --   Velvet   flower   (Bot.),
   love-lies-bleeding.  See  under  Love.  -- Velvet grass (Bot.), a tall
   grass  (Holcus  lanatus)  with velvety stem and leaves; -- called also
   soft  grass. -- Velvet runner (Zo\'94l.), the water rail; -- so called
   from  its  quiet,  stealthy  manner of running. [Prov. Eng.] -- Velvet
   scoter.  (Zo\'94l.)  Same  as  Velvet  duck,  above. -- Velvet sponge.
   (Zo\'94l.) See under Sponge.

                                    Velvet

   Vel"vet, a. Made of velvet; soft and delicate, like velvet; velvety. "
   The cowslip's velvet head." Milton.

                                    Velvet

   Vel"vet, v. i. To pain velvet. [R.] Peacham.

                                    Velvet

   Vel"vet, v. t. To make like, or cover with, velvet. [R.]

                                 Velvetbreast

   Vel"vet*breast` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The goosander. [Local, U. S.]

                                   Velveteen

   Vel`vet*een"  (?), n. [Cf. F. velvetine. See Velvet.] A kind of cloth,
   usually cotton, made in imitation of velvet; cotton velvet.

                                   Velveting

   Vel"vet*ing (?), n. The fine shag or nap of velvet; a piece of velvet;
   velvet goods.

                                  Velvetleaf

   Vel"vet*leaf` (?), n. (Bot.) A name given to several plants which have
   soft,  velvety  leaves,  as  the Abutilon Avicenn\'91, the Cissampelos
   Pareira, and the Lavatera arborea, and even the common mullein.

                                    Velvety

   Vel"vet*y  (?),  a.  Made  of  velvet,  or  like velvet; soft; smooth;
   delicate.

                                     Vena

   Ve"na  (?), n.; pl. Ven\'91 (#). [L. See Vein.] A vein. Vena cava; pl.
   Ven\'91  cav\'91. [L., literally, hollow vein.] (Anat.) Any one of the
   great  systemic  veins  connected  directly  with  the  heart.--  Vena
   contracta.   [L.,   literally,   contracted  vein.]  (Hydraulics)  The
   contracted  portion of a liquid jet at and near the orifice from which
   it  issues.  --  Vena  port\'91; pl. Ven\'92 port\'91. [L., literally,
   vein of the entrance.] (Anat.) The portal vein of the liver. See under
   Portal.

                                    Venada

   Ve*na"da (?), N. [Cf. Sp. venado a does, stag.] (Zo\'94l.) The pudu.

                                     Venal

   Ve"nal  (?),  a.  [L. vena a vein.] Of or pertaining to veins; venous;
   as, venal blood. [R.]

                                     Venal

   Ve"nal,  a.  [L.  venalis,  from venus sale; akin to Gr. vasna: cf. F.
   v\'82nal.]  Capable  of  being  bought  or obtained for money or other
   valuable consideration; made matter of trade or barter; held for sale;
   salable;  mercenary; purchasable; hireling; as, venal services. " Paid
   court to venal beauties." Macaulay.

     The venal cry and prepared vote of a passive senate. Burke.

   Syn.  --  Mercenary;  hireling;  vendible. -- Venal, Mercenary. One is
   mercenary who is either actually a hireling (as, mercenary soldiers, a
   mercenary  judge,  etc.),  or  is  governed  by a sordid love of gain;
   hence, we speak of mercenary motives, a mercenary marriage, etc. Venal
   goes  further,  and supposes either an actual purchase, or a readiness
   to be purchased, which places a person or thing wholly in the power of
   the  purchaser;  as,  a venal press. Brissot played ingeniously on the
   latter  word  in  his celebrated saying, " My pen is venal that it may
   not  be  mercenary," meaning that he wrote books, and sold them to the
   publishers,  in  order to avoid the necessity of being the hireling of
   any political party.

     Thus  needy  wits a vile revenue made, And verse became a mercenary
     trade. Dryden.

     This verse be thine, my friend, nor thou refuse This, from no venal
     or ungrateful muse. Pope.

                                   Venality

   Ve*nal"i*ty (?), n. [L. venalitas: cf. F. v\'82nalit\'82.] The quality
   or  state  of being venal, or purchasable; mercenariness; prostitution
   of  talents,  offices,  or  services,  for  money  or  reward; as, the
   venality of a corrupt court; the venality of an official.

     Complaints of Roman venality became louder. Milton.

                                    Venally

   Ve"nal*ly (?), adv. In a venal manner.

                                   Venantes

   Ve*nan"tes (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. venans, p. pr. of venari to hunt.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  The  hunting spiders, which run after, or leap upon, their
   prey.

                                    Venary

   Ven"a*ry  (?),  a.  [LL.  venarius,  fr.  L. venari, p. p. venatus, to
   hunt.] Of or, pertaining to hunting.

                              Venatic, Venatical

   Ve*nat"ic  (?),  Ve*nat"ic*al  (?),  a.  [L.  venaticus,  fr.  venatus
   hunting,  fr.  venari,  p.  p.  venatus, to hunt.] Of or pertaining to
   hunting; used in hunting. [R.] " Venatical pleasure." Howell.

                                   Venatica

   Ve*nat"i*ca (?), n. See Vinatico.

                                   Venation

   Ve*na"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  vena  a vein.] The arrangement or system of
   veins,  as  in the wing of an insect, or in the leaves of a plant. See
   Illust. in Appendix.

                                   Venation

   Ve*na"tion,  n.  [L.  venatio, fr. venari, p. p. venatus, to hunt. See
   Venison.]  The  act  or  art of hunting, or the state of being hunted.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

                                  Venatorial

   Ven`a*to"ri*al  (?),  a. [L. venatorius.] Or or pertaining to hunting;
   venatic. [R.]

                                     Vend

   Vend  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Vended; p. pr. & vb. n. Vending.] [F.
   vendre, L. vendere, from venum dare; venus sale + dare to give. See 2d
   Venal,  Date,  time.]  To  transfer  to another person for a pecuniary
   equivalent;  to  make  an  object  of trade; to dispose of by sale; to
   sell; as, to vend goods; to vend vegetables.

     NOTE: &hand; Vend differs from barter. We vend for money; we barter
     for  commodities.  Vend  is  used chiefly of wares, merchandise, or
     other small articles, not of lands and tenements.

                                     Vend

   Vend, n.

   1. The act of vending or selling; a sale.

   2. The total sales of coal from a colliery. [Eng.]

                                    Vendace

   Ven"dace  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  European  lake whitefish (Coregonus
   Willughbii,  or  C. Vandesius) native of certain lakes in Scotland and
   England. It is regarded as a delicate food fish. Called also vendis.

                                    Vendee

   Vend*ee" (?), n. The person to whom a thing is vended, or sold; -- the
   correlative of vendor.

                                Vend\'82miaire

   Ven`d\'82`miaire"  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr. L. vindemia vintage.] The first
   month  of  the  French  republican calendar, dating from September 22,
   1792.

     NOTE: &hand; Th  is ca lendar wa s su bstituted fo r th e or dinary
     calendar,  dating  from  the  Christian  era,  by  a  decree of the
     National  Convention in 1793. The 22d of September, 1792, which had
     been  fixed  upon as the day of the foundation of the republic, was
     also  the  date  of  the  new calendar. In this calendar, the year,
     which  began  at  midnight  of the day of the autumnal equinox, was
     divided  into  twelve  months  of thirty days, with five additional
     days  for  festivals,  and  every  fourth  year six. Each month was
     divided  into  three  decades  of  ten  days  each,  the week being
     abolished.   The   names   of  the  months  in  their  order  were,
     Vend\'82miaire,   Brumaire,  Frimaire  Nivose,  Pluviose,  Ventose,
     Germinal,  Flor\'82al,  Prairial,  Messidor,  Thermidor  (sometimes
     called  Fervidor),  and  Fructidor.  This  calendar  was  abolished
     December 31, 1805, and the ordinary one restored January 1, 1806.

                                    Vender

   Vend"er  (?), n. [From Vend: cf. F. vendeur, OF. vendeor. Cf. Vendor.]
   One  who  vends; one who transfers the exclusive right of possessing a
   thing, either his own, or that of another as his agent, for a price or
   pecuniary equivalent; a seller; a vendor.

                                   Vendetta

   Ven*det"ta  (?), n. [It.] A blood feud; private revenge for the murder
   of a kinsman.

                                  Vendibility

   Vend`i*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality or state of being vendible, or
   salable.

                                   Vendible

   Vend"i*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  vendibilis: cf. OF. vendible, F. vendable.]
   Capable of being vended, or sold; that may be sold; salable.

     The regulating of prices of things vendible. Bacon.

     NOTE: &hand; Vendible differs from marketable; the latter signifies
     proper  or  fit  for  market, according to the laws or customs of a
     place. Vendible has no reference to such legal fitness.

                                   Vendible

   Vend"i*ble,  n.  Something  to  be  sold,  or  offered  for  sale.  --
   Vend"i*ble*ness, n. -- Vend"i*bly, adv.

                                   Venditate

   Ven"di*tate  (?),  v. t. [See Venditation.] To cry up. as if for sale;
   to blazon. [Obs.] Holland.

                                  Venditation

   Ven`di*ta"tion  (?),  n. [L. venditatio, fr. venditare, venditatum, to
   offer  again  and  again for sale, v. freq. of vendere. See Vend.] The
   act  of  setting  forth  ostentatiously; a boastful display. [Obs.] B.
   Jonson.

                                   Vendition

   Ven*di"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  venditio:  cf.  F.  vendition.] The act of
   vending, or selling; sale.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1600
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1600

                                    Vendor

   Vend"or  ,  n.  [See  Vender.]  A vender; a seller; the correlative of
   vendee.

                                     Vends

   Vends (?), n. pl. (Ethnol.) See Wends.

                                    Vendue

   Ven*due"  (?), n. [OF. vendue, from F. vendre, p. p. vendu, vendue, to
   sell.] A public sale of anything, by outcry, to the highest bidder; an
   auction.  [Obsoles.]  Vendue master, one who is authorized to sell any
   property by vendue; an auctioneer. [Obsoles.]

                                    Veneer

   Ve*neer"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Veneered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Veneering.]  [G.  furnieren, fourniren, fr. F. fournir to furnish. See
   Furnish.]  To  overlay  or  plate  with  a thin layer of wood or other
   material  for  outer  finish  or  decoration; as, to veneer a piece of
   furniture with mahogany. Used also figuratively.

     As a rogue in grain Veneered with sanctimonious theory. Tennyson.

                                    Veneer

   Ve*neer",  n.  [Cf.  G. furnier or fournier. See Veneer, v. t.] A thin
   leaf  or layer of a more valuable or beautiful material for overlaying
   an  inferior one, especially such a thin leaf of wood to be glued to a
   cheaper wood; hence, external show; gloss; false pretense. Veneer moth
   (Zo\'94l.),  any  moth  of  the  genus Chilo; -- so called because the
   mottled colors resemble those of veneering.

                                   Veneering

   Ve*neer"ing, n.

   1. The act or art of one who veneers.

   2. Thin wood or other material used as a veneer.

                                   Venefical

   Ve*nef"ic*al  (?),  a.  [L.  veneficus.] Veneficial. [Obs.] "Venefical
   instruments." B. Jonson.

                                   Venefice

   Ven"e*fice  (?),  n.  [L. veneficium, fr. veneficus poisoning; venenum
   poison  +  facere to make: cf. F. v\'82n\'82fice.] The act or practice
   of poisoning. [Obs.]

                            Veneficial, Veneficious

   Ven`e*fi"cial  (?),  Ven`e*fi"cious  (?), a. Acting by poison; used in
   poisoning  or in sorcery. [Obs.] "An old veneficious practice." Sir T.
   Browne. -- Ven`e*fi"cious*ly, adv. [Obs.]

                                   Venemous

   Ven"e*mous (?), a. Venomous. [Obs.]

                                   Venenate

   Ven"e*nate  (?),  v.  t.  [L. veneatus, p. p. venenare to poison, from
   venenum  poison.  Cf.  Venom.]  To poison; to infect with poison. [R.]
   Harvey.

                                   Venenate

   Ven"e*nate (?), a. Poisoned. Woodward.

                                   Vennation

   Ven`*na"tion (?), n.

   1. The act of poisoning.

   2. Poison; venom. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

                                    Venene

   Ve*nene" (?), a. Poisonous; venomous. [Obs.]

                                   Venenose

   Ven"e*nose`  (?), a. [L. venenosus, fr. venenum poison. Cf. Venomous.]
   Poisonous. [Obs.]

                                 Venerability

   Ven`er*a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality or state of being venerable;
   venerableness. Dr. H. More.

                                   Venerable

   Ven"er*a*ble (?), a. [L. venerabilis: cf. F. v\'82n\'82rable.]

   1.  Capable  of  being  venerated;  worthy of veneration or reverence;
   deserving of honor and respect; -- generally implying an advanced age;
   as, a venerable magistrate; a venerable parent.

     He  was  a  man  of  eternal  self-sacrifice,  and  that  is always
     venerable. De Quincey.

     Venerable  men!  you have come down to us from a former generation.
     D. Webster.

   2.  Rendered sacred by religious or other associations; that should be
   regarded  with awe and treated with reverence; as, the venerable walls
   of a temple or a church.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd is  employed in the Church of England as a
     title for an archdeacon. In the Roman Catholic Church, venerable is
     applied  to  those  who  have  attained  to the lowest of the three
     recognized  degrees  of  sanctity, but are not among the beatified,
     nor the canonized.

   -- Ven"er*a*ble*ness, n. -- Ven"er*a*bly, adv.

                                   Veneracea

   Ven`e*ra"ce*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL. See Venus.] (Zo\'94l.) An extensive
   tribe  of  bivalve  mollusks of which the genus Venus is the type. The
   shells  are  usually oval, or somewhat heartshaped, with a conspicuous
   lunule. See Venus.

                                   Venerate

   Ven"er*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Venerated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Venerating.]  [L.  veneratus,  p.  p. of venerari to venerate; akin to
   Venus  Venus, Skr. van to like, to wish, and E. winsome. See Winsome.]
   To  regard with reverential respect; to honor with mingled respect and
   awe; to reverence; to revere; as, we venerate parents and elders.

     And seemed to venerate the sacred shade. Dryden.

     I  do  not know a man more to be venerated for uprightness of heart
     and loftiness of genius. Sir W. Scott.

   Syn. -- To reverence; revere; adore; respect.

                                  Veneration

   Ven`er*a"tion (?), n. [L. veneratio: cf. F. v\'82n\'82ration.] The act
   of  venerating, or the state of being venerated; the highest degree of
   respect  and  reverence;  respect  mingled  with  awe;  a  feeling  or
   sentimental  excited  by  the  dignity,  wisdom,  or  superiority of a
   person,   by  sacredness  of  character,  by  consecration  to  sacred
   services, or by hallowed associations.

     We  find  a secret awe and veneration for one who moves about us in
     regular and illustrious course of virtue. Addison.

   Syn. -- Awe; reverence; respect. See Reverence.

                                   Venerator

   Ven"er*a`tor (?), n. [L.] One who venerates. Jer. Taylor

                                   Venereal

   Ve*ne"re*al (?), a. [L. venereus, venerius, fr. Venus, Veneris, Venus,
   the goddess of love. See Venerate.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  venery, or sexual love; relating to sexual
   intercourse.

     Into  the  snare I fell Of fair, fallacious looks, venereal trains,
     Softened with pleasure and voluptuous life. Milton.

   2. (Med.) (a) Arising from sexual intercourse; as, a venereal disease;
   venereal  virus  or  poison.  (b)  Adapted  to  the  cure  of venereal
   diseases; as, venereal medicines.

   3. Adapted to excite venereal desire; aphrodisiac.

   4.  Consisting  of,  or  pertaining  to,  copper,  formerly  called by
   chemists Venus. [Obs.] Boyle.

                                   Venereal

   Ve*ne"re*al, n. (Med.) The venereal disease; syphilis.

                                   Venerean

   Ve*ne"re*an (?), a. [Cf. F. v\'82n\'82rien.] Devoted to the offices of
   Venus,  or  love;  venereal.  [Obs.]  "I  am all venerean in feeling."
   Chaucer.

                                   Venereous

   Ve*ne"re*ous (?), a. [L. venereus.]

   1. Venereal; exciting lust; aphrodisiac. [Obs.]

   2. Lustful; lascivious; libidinous. [R.] Derham.

                                   Venerous

   Ven"er*ous (?), a. Venereous. [Obs.] Burton.

                                    Venery

   Ven"er*y  (?),  n.  [L.  Venus,  Veneris, the goddess of love.] Sexual
   love; sexual intercourse; coition.

     Contentment,  without the pleasure of lawful venery, is continence;
     of unlawful, chastity. Grew.

                                    Venery

   Ven"er*y,  n.  [OE.  venerie, F. v\'82nerie, fr. OF. vener to hunt, L.
   venari. See Venison.] The art, act, or practice of hunting; the sports
   of the chase. "Beasts of venery and fishes." Sir T. Browne.

     I love hunting and venery. Chaucer.

                                  Venesection

   Ve`ne*sec"tion  (?),  n.  [NL.  venaesectio;  L.  vena  vein  + sectio
   section.]  (Med.)  The  act or operation of opening a vein for letting
   blood; bloodletting; phlebotomy.

                                   Venetian

   Ve*ne"tian   (?),  a.  [Cf.  It.  Veneziano,  L.  Venetianus.]  Of  or
   pertaining  to  Venice  in Italy. Venetian blind, a blind for windows,
   doors,  etc.,  made  of thin slats, either fixed at a certain angle in
   the  shutter,  or  movable,  and  in the latter case so disposed as to
   overlap each other when close, and to show a series of open spaces for
   the  admission  of  air and light when in other positions. -- Venetian
   carpet,  an inexpensive carpet, used for passages and stairs, having a
   woolen warp which conceals the weft; the pattern is therefore commonly
   made  up  of  simple  stripes.  --  Venetian chalk, a white compact or
   steatite,  used for marking on cloth, etc. -- Venetian door (Arch.), a
   door  having  long,  narrow windows or panes of glass on the sides. --
   Venetian  glass, a kind of glass made by the Venetians, for decorative
   purposes,  by  the  combination of pieces of glass of different colors
   fused  together  and  wrought  into  various  ornamental  patterns. --
   Venetian red, a brownish red color, prepared from sulphate of iron; --
   called  also  scarlet ocher. -- Venetian soap. See Castile soap, under
   Soap.  --  Venetian sumac (Bot.), a South European tree (Rhus Cotinus)
   which  yields  the  yellow dyewood called fustet; -- also called smoke
   tree. -- Venetian window (Arch.), a window consisting of a main window
   with an arched head, having on each side a long and narrow window with
   a square head.

                                   Venetian

   Ve*ne"tian, n. A native or inhabitant of Venice.

                                     Venew

   Ven"ew  (?),  n.  [F. venue, lit., an arrival, from venir, p. p. venu,
   venue,  to come. See Venue.] A bout, or turn, as at fencing; a thrust;
   a hit; a veney. [Obs.] Fuller.

                                     Veney

   Ven"ey  (?;  277), n. [Cf. Venew or Visne.] A bout; a thrust; a venew.
   [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.

     Three veneys for a dish of stewed prunes. Shak.

                                     Venge

   Venge  (?), v. t. [F. venger. See Vengeance.] To avenge; to punish; to
   revenge.  [Obs.]  See Avenge, and Revenge. Chaucer. "To venge me, as I
   may." Shak.

                                   Vengeable

   Venge"a*ble  (?), a. Revengeful; deserving revenge. [Obs.] Spenser. --
   Venge"a*bly, adv. [Obs.]

                                   Vengeance

   Venge"ance  (?),  n. [F. vengeance, fr. venger to avenge, L. vindicare
   to  lay  claim  to,  defend,  avenge, fr. vindex a claimant, defender,
   avenger,  the first part of which is of uncertain origin, and the last
   part  akin  to  dicere  to  say. See Diction, and cf. Avenge, Revenge,
   Vindicate.]

   1.  Punishment  inflicted  in  return  for  an  injury  or an offense;
   retribution;  --  often,  in  a  bad sense, passionate or unrestrained
   revenge.

     To me belongeth vengeance and recompense. Deut. xxxii. 35.

     To execute fierce vengeance on his foes. Milton.

   2. Harm; mischief. [Obs.] Shak.
   What a vengeance, OR What the vengeance, what! -- emphatically. [Obs.]
   "But  what a vengeance makes thee fly!" Hudibras. "What the vengeance!
   Could  he  not  speak 'em fair?" Shak. -- With a vengeance, with great
   violence; as, to strike with a vengeance. [Colloq.]
   
                                  Vengeancely
                                       
   Venge"ance*ly,  adv.  Extremely;  excessively.  [Obs.]  "He loves that
   vengeancely." Beau. & Fl.
   
                                   Vengeful
                                       
   Venge"ful (?), a. Vindictive; retributive; revengeful. "Vengeful ire."
   Milton. -- Venge"ful*ly, adv. 

                                   Vengement

   Venge"ment  (?),  n.  [OF.  vengement.] Avengement; penal retribution;
   vengeance. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                    Venger

   Ven"ger (?), n. An avenger. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                   Veniable

   Ve"ni*a*ble  (?),  a.  [L. veniabilis, fr. venia forgiveness, pardon.]
   Venial;  pardonable. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne. -- Ve"ni*a*bly, adv. [Obs.]
   Sir T. Browne.

                                    Venial

   Ve"ni*al  (?),  a.  [OF. venial, F. v\'82niel, L. venialis, from venia
   forgiveness,  pardon,  grace,  favor,  kindness;  akin  to venerari to
   venerate. See Venerate.]

   1.  Capable of being forgiven; not heinous; excusable; pardonable; as,
   a venial fault or transgression.

     So they do nothing, 't is a venial slip. Shak.

   2.  Allowed;  permitted.  [Obs.]  "Permitting  him  the  while  venial
   discourse unblamed." Milton.
   Venial  sin  (R.  C. Theol.), a sin which weakens, but does not wholly
   destroy,  sanctifying  grace,  as  do  mortal,  or  deadly,  sins.  --
   Ve"ni*al*ly, adv. -- Ve"ni*al*ness, n. Bp. Hall.

                                   Veniality

   Ve`ni*al"i*ty   (?),   n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  venial;
   venialness. Jer. Taylor.

                                 Venire facias

   Ve*ni"re  fa"ci*as  (?).  [L.,  make,  or cause, to come.] (Law) (a) A
   judicial  writ  or  precept  directed to the sheriff, requiring him to
   cause  a  certain  number of qualified persons to appear in court at a
   specified  time,  to  serve as jurors in said court. (b) A writ in the
   nature  of a summons to cause the party indicted on a penal statute to
   appear. Called also venire.

                                    Venison

   Ven"i*son  (?; 277), n. [OE. veneison, veneson, venison, OF. veneison,
   F.  venaison,  L.  venatio hunting, the chase, game, fr. venari, p. p.
   venatus,  to  hunt; perhaps akin to OHG. weidin, weidenen, to pasture,
   to hunt, G. weide pasturage. Cf. Gain to acquire, Venation.]

   1. Beasts of the chase. [Obs.] Fabyan.

   2.  Formerly, the flesh of any of the edible beasts of the chase, also
   of game birds; now, the flesh of animals of the deer kind exclusively.

                                    Venite

   Ve*ni"te  (?),  n.  [L., come, imperative 2d person pl. So called from
   its  opening word in the Latin version.] (Eccl.) The 95th Psalm, which
   is  said  or  sung  regularly  in the public worship of many churches.
   Also, a musical composition adapted to this Psalm.

                                     Venom

   Ven"om  (?),  n.  [OE.  venim,  OF.  venim,  F.  venin, L. veneum. Cf.
   Venenate.]

   1.  Matter  fatal  or  injurious  to  life;  poison; particularly, the
   poisonous,  the  poisonous  matter  which  certain  animals,  such  as
   serpents,  scorpions,  bees,  etc.,  secrete in a state of health, and
   communicate by thing or stinging.

     Or hurtful worm with cankered venom bites. Milton.

   2. Spite; malice; malignity; evil quality. Chaucer. "The venom of such
   looks." Shak. Syn. -- Venom; virus; bane. See Poison.

                                     Venom

   Ven"om,  v.  t. [OE. venimen, OF. venimer, L. venenare. See Venom, n.]
   To infect with venom; to envenom; to poison. [R.] "Venomed vengeance."
   Shak.

                                   Venomous

   Ven"om*ous (?), a. [OE. venemous, venimous, F. venimeux, L. venenosus,
   fr. venenum poison. See Venom, and cf. Venenose.]

   1. Full of venom; noxious to animal life; poisonous; as, the bite of a
   serpent may be venomous.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having  a  poison gland or glands for the secretion of
   venom, as certain serpents and insects.

   3.  Noxious; mischievous; malignant; spiteful; as, a venomous progeny;
   a venomous writer.
   Venomous  snake  (Zo\'94l.),  any  serpent which has poison glands and
   fangs,  whether dangerous to man or not. These serpents constitute two
   tribes,  the  viperine  serpents,  or  Solenoglypha, and the cobralike
   serpents, or Proteroglypha. The former have perforated, erectile fangs
   situated  in the front part of the upper jaw, and are without ordinary
   teeth  behind the fangs; the latter have permanently erect and grooved
   fangs,  with  ordinary  maxillary teeth behind them. -- Ven"om*ous*ly,
   adv. -- Ven"om*ous*ness, n.

                                    Venose

   Ve*nose"  (?),  a. [See Venous.] Having numerous or conspicuous veins;
   veiny; as, a venose frond.

                                   Venosity

   Ve*nos"i*ty (?), n.

   1. The quality or state of being venous.

   2.  (Med.)  A  condition in which the circulation is retarded, and the
   entire mass of blood is less oxygenated than it normally is.

                                    Venous

   Ven"ous (?), a. [L. venosus, from vena a vein. See Vein.]

   1.  (Anat.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  vein  or veins; as, the venous
   circulation of the blood.

   2.  Contained  in  the  veins,  or  having  the  same  qualities as if
   contained  in  the  veins,  that  is,  having  a dark bluish color and
   containing  an insufficient amount of oxygen so as no longer to be fit
   for  oxygenating  the  tissues;  --  said of the blood, and opposed to
   arterial.

   3. Marked with veins; veined; as, a venous leaf.
   Venous  leaf  (Bot.),  a  leaf  having vessels branching, or variously
   divided,  over  its surface. -- Venous hum (Med.), a humming sound, or
   bruit,  heard  during  auscultation  of  the  veins  of  the  neck  in
   an\'91mia.   --  Venous  pulse  (Physiol.),  the  pulse,  or  rhythmic
   contraction,  sometimes  seen in a vein, as in the neck, when there is
   an  obstruction  to  the  passage  of  blood  from the auricles to the
   ventricles,  or when there is an abnormal rigidity in the walls of the
   greater vessels. There is normally no pulse in a vein.

                                     Vent

   Vent (?), n. [F. vente, fr. L. vendere, -itum, to sell; perh. confused
   with E. vent an opening. See Vend.] Sale; opportunity to sell; market.
   [Obs.] Shelton.

     There is no vent for any commodity but of wool. Sir W. Temple.

                                     Vent

   Vent, v. t. To sell; to vend. [Obs.]

     Therefore did those nations vent such spice. Sir W. Raleigh.

                                     Vent

   Vent,  n.  [Sp.  venta  a  poor  inn,  sale, market. See Vent sale.] A
   baiting place; an inn. [Obs.]

                                     Vent

   Vent,  v.  i.  [Cf.  F. venter to blow, vent wind (see Ventilate); but
   prob  influenced  by E. vent an opening.] To snuff; to breathe or puff
   out; to snort. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                     Vent

   Vent  (?),  n.  [OE.  fent,  fente,  a  slit,  F. fente a slit, cleft,
   fissure,  from fendre to split, L. findere; but probably confused with
   F. vent wind, L. ventus. See Fissure, and cf. Vent to snuff.]

   1. A small aperture; a hole or passage for air or any fluid to escape;
   as, the vent of a cask; the vent of a mold; a volcanic vent.

     Look, how thy wounds do bleed at many vents. Shak.

     Long't was doubtful, both so closely pent, Which first should issue
     from the narrow vent. Pope.

   2.  Specifically:  --  (a)  (Zo\'94l.)  The  anal  opening  of certain
   invertebrates  and  fishes;  also,  the  external  cloacal  opening of
   reptiles,  birds,  amphibians, and many fishes. (b) (Gun.) The opening
   at  the breech of a firearm, through which fire is communicated to the
   powder of the charge; touchhole. (c) (Steam Boilers) Sectional area of
   the  passage  for  gases  divided by the length of the same passage in
   feet.

   3. Fig.: Opportunity of escape or passage from confinement or privacy;
   outlet.

   4.  Emission;  escape;  passage  to notice or expression; publication;
   utterance.

     Without the vent of words. Milton.

     Thou didst make tolerable vent of thy travel. Shak.

   To  give  vent to, to suffer to escape; to let out; to pour forth; as,
   to  give vent to anger. -- To take vent, to escape; to be made public.
   [R.] -- Vent feather (Zo\'94l.), one of the anal, or crissal, feathers
   of  a bird. -- Vent field (Gun.), a flat raised surface around a vent.
   --  Vent  piece.  (Gun.)  (a) A bush. See 4th Bush, n, 2. (b) A breech
   block.

                                     Vent

   Vent, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vented; p. pr. & vb. n. Venting.]

   1.  To let out at a vent, or small aperture; to give passage or outlet
   to.

   2. To suffer to escape from confinement; to let out; to utter; to pour
   forth; as, to vent passion or complaint.

     The queen of heaven did thus her fury vent. Dryden.

   3. To utter; to report; to publish. [Obs.]

     By mixing somewhat true to vent more lies. Milton.

     Thou hast framed and vented very curious orations. Barrow.

   4. To scent, as a hound. [Obs.] Turbervile.

   5. To furnish with a vent; to make a vent in; as, to vent. a mold.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1601

                                    Ventage

   Vent"age (?), n. A small hole, as the stop in a flute; a vent. Shak.

                                    Ventail

   Vent"ail  (?),  n.  [OF. ventaille, F. ventail. See Ventilate, and cf.
   Aventail.]  That  part of a helmet which is intended for the admission
   of air, -- sometimes in the visor. Spenser.

     Her  ventail  up so high that he descried Her goodly visage and her
     beauty's pride. Fairfax.

                                    Venter

   Vent"er  (?), n. One who vents; one who utters, reports, or publishes.
   [R.] Barrow.

                                    Venter

   Vent"er (?), n. [L.]

   1.  (Anat.)  (a)  The  belly; the abdomen; -- sometimes applied to any
   large cavity containing viscera. (b) The uterus, or womb. (c) A belly,
   or  protuberant part; a broad surface; as, the venter of a muscle; the
   venter, or anterior surface, of the scapula.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The lower part of the abdomen in insects.

   3. (Rom. & O. E. Law) A pregnant woman; a mother; as, A has a son B by
   one  venter, and a daughter C by another venter; children by different
   venters.

                                   Venthole

   Vent"hole (?), n. A touchhole; a vent.

                                   Ventiduct

   Ven"ti*duct  (?),  n. [L. ventus wind + ductus a leading, conduit, fr.
   ducere, ductum, to lead.] A passage for wind or air; a passage or pipe
   for ventilating apartments. Gwilt.

                                   Ventilate

   Ven"ti*late  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ventilated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ventilating.]  [L. ventilatus, p. p. of ventilare to toss, brandish in
   the  air,  to  fan,  to winnow, from ventus wind; akin to E. wind. See
   Wind rushing air.]

   1. To open and expose to the free passage of air; to supply with fresh
   air,  and  remove impure air from; to air; as, to ventilate a room; to
   ventilate a cellar; to ventilate a mine.

   2.  To  provide  with  a  vent,  or escape, for air, gas, etc.; as, to
   ventilate a mold, or a water-wheel bucket.

   3. To change or renew, as the air of a room. Harvey.

   4. To winnow; to fan; as, to ventilate wheat.

   5.  To  sift  and  examine;  to  bring out, and subject to penetrating
   scrutiny;  to  expose  to examination and discussion; as, to ventilate
   questions of policy. Ayliffe.

   6. To give vent; to utter; to make public.

     Macaulay  took occasion to ventilate one of those starling, but not
     very profound, paradoxes. J. C. Shairp.

                                  Ventilation

   Ven`ti*la"tion (?), n. [L. ventilatio: cf. F. ventilation.]

   1.  The  act of ventilating, or the state of being ventilated; the art
   or  process  of  replacing  foul  air  by  that  which is pure, in any
   inclosed  place,  as a house, a church, a mine, etc.; free exposure to
   air.

     Insuring,   for   the  laboring  man,  better  ventilation.  F.  W.
     Robertson.

   2.   The   act   of  refrigerating,  or  cooling;  refrigeration;  as,
   ventilation of the blood. [Obs.] Harvey.

   3.  The  act  of  fanning, or winnowing, for the purpose of separating
   chaff and dust from the grain.

   4.  The  act of sifting, and bringing out to view or examination; free
   discussion; public exposure.

     The  ventilation  of these points diffused them to the knowledge of
     the world. Bp. Hall.

   5.  The  act  of  giving  vent  or  expression.  "Ventilation  of  his
   thoughts." Sir H. Wotton.

                                  Ventilative

   Ven"ti*la*tive  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to ventilation; adapted to
   secure ventilation; ventilating; as, ventilative apparatus.

                                  Ventilator

   Ven"ti*la`tor  (?), n. [Cf. F. ventilateur, L. ventilator a winnower.]
   A  contrivance for effecting ventilation; especially, a contrivance or
   machine  for  drawing  off  or expelling foul or stagnant air from any
   place or apartment, or for introducing that which is fresh and pure.

                                    Ventose

   Ven*tose" (?), n. A ventouse. [Obs.] Holland.

                                    Ventose

   Ven*tose",  a.  [L.  ventosus windy. See Ventilate.] Windy; flatulent.
   Richardson (Dict.).

                                    Ventose

   Ven`tose"  (?), n. [F. vent\'93se. See Ventose, a.] The sixth month of
   the  calendar  adopted by the first French republic. It began February
   19, and ended March 20. See Vend.

                                   Ventosity

   Ven*tos"i*ty (?), n. [L. ventositas: cf. F. ventosit\'82. See Ventose,
   n.]  Quality  or  state of being ventose; windiness; hence, vainglory;
   pride. Bacon.

                                   Ventouse

   Ven"touse (?), n. [F.] A cupping glass. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                   Ventouse

   Ven"touse,  v. t. & i. To cup; to use a cupping glass. [Obs.] [Written
   also ventuse.] Chaucer.

                                    Ventrad

   Ven"trad  (?),  adv.  [L.  venter  belly  + ad to.] (Anat.) Toward the
   ventral side; on the ventral side; ventrally; -- opposed to dorsad.

                                    Ventral

   Ven"tral  (?), a. [L. ventralis, fr. venter the belly; perhaps akin to
   G. wanst: cf. F. ventral.]

   1.  (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or situated near, the belly, or ventral
   side,  of  an animal or of one of its parts; hemal; abdominal; as, the
   ventral  fin of a fish; the ventral root of a spinal nerve; -- opposed
   to dorsal.

   2.  (Bot.)  (a)  Of  or pertaining to that surface of a carpel, petal,
   etc.,  which faces toward the center of a flower. (b) Of or pertaining
   to  the  lower  side  or  surface  of  a  creeping  moss  or other low
   flowerless plant. Opposed to dorsal.
   Ventral  fins  (Zo\'94l.),  the posterior pair of fins of a fish. They
   are  often  situated  beneath  the  belly,  but  sometimes beneath the
   throat. -- Ventral segment. (Acoustics) See Loop, n., 5.

                                   Ventricle

   Ven"tri*cle  (?), n. [L. ventriculus the stomach, a ventricle, dim. of
   venter the belly: cf. F. ventricule. See Ventral.]

   1.  (Anat.)  A  cavity, or one of the cavities, of an organ, as of the
   larynx  or  the  brain; specifically, the posterior chamber, or one of
   the  two  posterior  chambers,  of the heart, which receives the blood
   from the auricle and forces it out from the heart. See Heart.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e pr incipal ventricles of the brain are the fourth
     in the medulla, the third in the midbrain, the first and second, or
     lateral,  ventricles  in the cerebral hemispheres, all of which are
     connected  with  each  other,  and  the fifth, or pseudoc, situated
     between  the  hemispheres,  in  front of, or above, the fornix, and
     entirely disconnected with the other cavities. See Brain, and C.

   2. The stomach. [Obs.]

     Whether  I  will  or  not,  while  I  live,  my heart beats, and my
     ventricle digests what is in it. Sir M. Hale.

   3.  Fig.:  Any  cavity,  or hollow place, in which any function may be
   conceived of as operating.

     These [ideas] are begot on the ventricle of memory. Shak.

                            Ventricose, Ventricous

   Ven"tri*cose`  (?),  Ven"tri*cous  (?),  a.  [NL.  ventricosus, fr. L.
   venter  belly.]  (Nat.  Hist.)  Swelling out on one side or unequally;
   bellied;  ventricular;  as,  a  ventricose  corolla. Ventricose shell.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  spiral  shell  having  the  body whorls rounded or
   swollen  in  the  middle.  (b) A bivalve shell in which the valves are
   strongly convex.

                                  Ventricular

   Ven*tric"u*lar  (?),  a. [Cf. F. ventriculaire.] Of or pertaining to a
   ventricle; bellied.

                                 Ventriculite

   Ven*tric"u*lite  (?),  n.  [See  Ventriculus.]  (Paleon.)  Any  one of
   numerous   species   of   siliceous   fossil   sponges   belonging  to
   Ventriculites  and  allied  genera,  characteristic  of the Cretaceous
   period.

     NOTE: &hand; Ma ny of  th em we re sh aped li ke vases, others like
     mushrooms. They belong to the hexactinellids, and are allied to the
     Venus's basket of modern seas.

                                 Ventriculous

   Ven*tric"u*lous  (?),  a.  [L.  ventriculosus  of the belly.] Somewhat
   distended in the middle; ventricular.

                                  Ventriculus

   Ven*tric"u*lus  (?),  n.;  pl.  Ventriculi  (#).  [L., belly, dim. fr.
   venter  belly.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) One of the stomachs of certain insects.
   (b) The body cavity of a sponge.

                                Ventrilocution

   Ven`tri*lo*cu"tion (?), n. [See Ventriloquous.] Ventriloquism.

                                 Ventriloquial

   Ven`tri*lo"qui*al (?), a. Ventriloquous.

                                 Ventriloquism

   Ven*tril"o*quism  (?),  n.  [See  Ventriloquous.]  The  act,  art,  or
   practice  of speaking in such a manner that the voice appears to come,
   not  from the person speaking, but from some other source, as from the
   opposite side of the room, from the cellar, etc.

                                 Ventriloquist

   Ven*tril"o*quist  (?),  n.  One  who  practices,  or  is  skilled  in,
   ventriloquism.  Ventriloquist  monkey  (Zo\'94l.),  the  onappo; -- so
   called from the character of its cry.

                                 Ventriloquize

   Ven*tril"o*quize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Ventriloquized (?); p. pr. &
   vb.  n.  Ventriloquizing .] To practice ventriloquism; to speak like a
   ventriloquist.

                                 Ventriloquous

   Ven*tril"o*quous  (?), a. [L. ventriloquus a ventriloquist; venter the
   belly  + loqui, p. p. locutus, to speak. See Ventral, and Loquacious.]
   Of or pertaining to a ventriloquist or ventriloquism.

                                  Ventriloquy

   Ven*tril"o*quy (?), n. [Cf. F. ventriloquie.] Same as Ventriloquism.

                                  Ventrimeson

   Ven`tri*mes"on (?), n. [NL. See Venter, and Meson.] (Anat.) See Meson.

                                    Ventro-

   Ven"tro-  (.  [L.  venter  belly.] A combining form used in anatomy to
   indicate   connection   with,  or  relation  to,  the  abdomen;  also,
   connection  with,  relation to, or direction toward, the ventral side;
   as, ventrolateral; ventro-inguinal.

                                Ventro-inguinal

   Ven`tro-in"gui*nal  (?), a. (Anat.) Pertaining both to the abdomen and
   groin,  or  to  the  abdomen  and  inguinal canal; as, ventro-inguinal
   hernia.

                                    Venture

   Ven"ture (?; 135), n. [Aphetic form of OE. aventure. See Adventure.]

   1.  An  undertaking of chance or danger; the risking of something upon
   an event which can not be foreseen with certainty; a hazard; a risk; a
   speculation.

     I, in this venture, double gains pursue. Dryden.

   2. An event that is not, or can not be, foreseen; an accident; chance;
   hap; contingency; luck. Bacon.

   3.  The  thing  put  to hazard; a stake; a risk; especially, something
   sent to sea in trade.

     My ventures are not in one bottom trusted. Shak.

   At  a  venture,  at  hazard;  without  seeing the end or mark; without
   foreseeing the issue; at random.

     A certain man drew a bow at a venture. 1 Kings xxii. 34.

     A bargain at a venture made. Hudibras.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ph rase at  a venture was originally at aventure,
     that is, at adventure.

                                    Venture

   Ven"ture,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Ventured  (?);  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Venturing.]

   1.  To  hazard  one's  self; to have the courage or presumption to do,
   undertake, or say something; to dare. Bunyan.

   2. To make a venture; to run a hazard or risk; to take the chances.

     Who freights a ship to venture on the seas. J. Dryden, Jr.

   To  venture  at,  OR  To  venture on OR upon, to dare to engage in; to
   attempt  without  any  certainty of success; as, it is rash to venture
   upon such a project. "When I venture at the comic style." Waller.
   
                                    Venture
                                       
   Ven"ture, v. t.
   
   1.  To  expose  to  hazard;  to  risk; to hazard; as, to venture one's
   person in a balloon.
   
     I am afraid; and yet I'll venture it. Shak.
     
   2.  To  put  or send on a venture or chance; as, to venture a horse to
   the West Indies.

   3. To confide in; to rely on; to trust. [R.]

     A  man  would  be  well  enough pleased to buy silks of one whom he
     would not venture to feel his pulse. Addison.

                                   Venturer

   Ven"tur*er (?), n.

   1. One who ventures, or puts to hazard; an adventurer. Beau. & Fl.

   2. A strumpet; a prostitute. [R.] J. Webster (1607).

                                  Venturesome

   Ven"ture*some  (?),  a.  Inclined  to venture; not loth to run risk or
   danger; venturous; bold; daring; adventurous; as, a venturesome boy or
   act. -- Ven"ture*some*ly, adv. -- Ven"ture*some*ness, n.

                                   Venturine

   Ven"tur*ine  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Aventurine.]  (Japanning) Gold powder for
   covering varnished surfaces.

                                   Venturous

   Ven"tur*ous  (?), a. [Aphetic form of OE. aventurous. See Adventurous,
   Venture,  n.]  Daring; bold; hardy; fearless; venturesome; adveturous;
   as, a venturous soldier. Spenser.

     This  said,  he  paused  not, but with venturous arm He plucked, he
     tasted. Milton.

   -- Ven"tur*ous*ly, adv. -- Ven"tur*ous*ness, n.

                                    Ventuse

   Ven"tuse (?), v. t. & i. See Ventouse. [Obs.]

                                     Venue

   Ven"ue  (?),  n.  [F.  venue  a coming, arrival, fr. venir to come, L.
   venire;  hence, in English, the place whither the jury are summoned to
   come. See Come, and cf. Venew, Veney.]

   1.  (Law)  A  neighborhood or near place; the place or county in which
   anything  is alleged to have happened; also, the place where an action
   is laid.

     The  twelve  men who are to try the cause must be of the same venue
     where the demand is made. Blackstone.

     NOTE: &hand; In  ce rtain ca ses, the court has power to change the
     venue, which is to direct the trial to be had in a different county
     from that where the venue is laid.

   2. A bout; a hit; a turn. See Venew. [R.]
   To lay a venue (Law), to allege a place.

                                    Venule

   Ven"ule  (?),  n.  [L.  venula,  dim. from vena vein.] A small vein; a
   veinlet;  specifically  (Zo\'94l.),  one  of the small branches of the
   veins of the wings in insects.

                                   Venulose

   Ven"u*lose` (?), a. Full of venules, or small veins.

                                     Venus

   Ve"nus  (?),  n.  [L.  Venus,  -eris,  the goddess of love, the planet
   Venus.]

   1.  (Class.  Myth.) The goddess of beauty and love, that is, beauty or
   love deified.

   2.  (Anat.)  One of the planets, the second in order from the sun, its
   orbit  lying  between that of Mercury and that of the Earth, at a mean
   distance from the sun of about 67,000,000 miles. Its diameter is 7,700
   miles, and its sidereal period 224.7 days. As the morning star, it was
   called by the ancients Lucifer; as the evening star, Hesperus.

   3.  (Alchem.)  The  metal  copper;  -- probably so designated from the
   ancient  use  of the metal in making mirrors, a mirror being still the
   astronomical symbol of the planet Venus. [Archaic]

   4.  (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of marine bivalve shells of
   the genus Venus or family Venerid\'91. Many of these shells are large,
   and  ornamented  with beautiful frills; others are smooth, glossy, and
   handsomely  colored. Some of the larger species, as the round clam, or
   quahog, are valued for food.
   Venus's  basin  (Bot.),  the  wild  teasel;  --  so called because the
   connate  leaf  bases  form  a  kind of receptacle for water, which was
   formerly  gathered for use in the toilet. Also called Venus's bath. --
   Venus's    basket    (Zo\'94l.),    an   elegant,   cornucopia-shaped,
   hexactinellid sponge (Euplectella speciosa) native of the East Indies.
   It  consists  of  glassy, transparent, siliceous fibers interwoven and
   soldered together so as to form a firm network, and has long, slender,
   divergent  anchoring  fibers  at  the base by means of which it stands
   erect  in  the  soft mud at the bottom of the sea. Called also Venus's
   flower  basket, and Venus's purse. -- Venus's comb. (a) (Bot.) Same as
   Lady's  comb.  (b)  (Zo\'94l.) A species of Murex (M. tenuispinus). It
   has  a  long,  tubular canal, with a row of long, slender spines along
   both  of  its borders, and rows of similar spines covering the body of
   the  shell.  Called  also  Venus's shell. -- Venus's fan (Zo\'94l.), a
   common  reticulated, fanshaped gorgonia (Gorgonia flabellum) native of
   Florida and the West Indies. When fresh the color is purple or yellow,
   or a mixture of the two. -- Venus's flytrap. (Bot.) See Flytrap, 2. --
   Venus's  girdle  (Zo\'94l.),  a long, flat, ribbonlike, very delicate,
   transparent  and iridescent ctenophore (Cestum Veneris) which swims in
   the  open  sea.  Its  form  is  due to the enormous development of two
   spheromeres.  See  Illust.  in  Appendix.  --  Venus's  hair (Bot.), a
   delicate  and  graceful  fern  (Adiantum  Capillus-Veneris)  having  a
   slender,  black  and  shining stem and branches. -- Venus's hair stone
   (Min.),  quartz  penetrated by acicular crystals of rutile. -- Venus's
   looking-glass  (Bot.),  an annual plant of the genus Specularia allied
   to  the  bellflower;  --  also called lady's looking-glass. -- Venus's
   navelwort  (Bot.),  any  one  of  several  species  of Omphalodes, low
   boraginaceous herbs with small blue or white flowers. -- Venus's pride
   (Bot.),  an  old  name for Quaker ladies. See under Quaker. -- Venus's
   purse.  (Zo\'94l.)  Same  as  Venus's basket, above. -- Venus's shell.
   (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any species of Cypr\'91a; a cowrie. (b) Same as Venus's
   comb,  above. (c) Same as Venus, 4. -- Venus's slipper. (a) (Bot.) Any
   plant of the genus Cypripedium. See Lady's slipper. (b) (Zo\'94l.) Any
   heteropod shell of the genus Carinaria. See Carinaria.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1602

                                    Venust

   Ve*nust"  (?),  a.  [L.  venustus,  from  Venus  the goddess of love.]
   Beautiful. [R.] E. Waterhouse.

                                   Veracious

   Ve*ra"cious (?), a. [L. verax, -acis, fr. verus true. See Very.]

   1.  Observant  of  truth;  habitually  speaking  truth;  truthful; as,
   veracious historian.

     The Spirit is most perfectly and absolutely veracious. Barrow.

   2.  Characterized  by  truth;  not  false;  as, a veracious account or
   narrative.

     The  young,  ardent  soul  that  enters  on  this world with heroic
     purpose, with veracious insight, will find it a mad one. Carlyle.

                                  Veraciously

   Ve*ra"cious*ly, adv. In a veracious manner.

                                   Veracity

   Ve*rac"i*ty  (?),  n. [Cf. F. v\'82racit\'82.] The quality or state of
   being  veracious;  habitual  observance of truth; truthfulness; truth;
   as, a man of veracity.

                                    Veranda

   Ve*ran"da  (?),  n.  [A  word  brought  by  the English from India; of
   uncertain  origin;  cf.  Skr.  vara,  Pg.  varanda, Sp. baranda, Malay
   baranda.]  (Arch.)  An  open,  roofed  gallery or portico, adjoining a
   dwelling house, forming an out-of-door sitting room. See Loggia.

     The house was of adobe, low, with a wide veranda on the three sides
     of the inner court. Mrs. H. H. Jackson.

                                 Veratralbine

   Ver`a*tral"bine   (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  yellowish  amorphous  alkaloid
   extracted from the rootstock of Veratrum album.

                                   Veratrate

   Ve*ra"trate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of veratric acid.

                                   Veratria

   Ve*ra"tri*a (?), n. [NL.] (Chem.) Veratrine.

                                   Veratric

   Ve*ra"tric  (?),  a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, plants of
   the genus Veratrum. Veratric acid (Chem.), an acid occurring, together
   with  veratrine,  in the root of white hellebore (Veratrum album), and
   in sabadilla seed; -- extracted as a white crystalline substance which
   is related to protocatechuic acid.

                                   Veratrina

   Ver`a*tri"na (?), n. [NL.] (Chem.) Same as Veratrine.

                                   Veratrine

   Ve*ra"trine  (?; 277), n. [Cf. F. v\'82ratrine. See Veratrum.] (Chem.)
   A  poisonous  alkaloid obtained from the root hellebore (Veratrum) and
   from  sabadilla  seeds as a white crystalline powder, having an acrid,
   burning  taste.  It  is sometimes used externally, as in ointments, in
   the local treatment of neuralgia and rheumatism. Called also veratria,
   and veratrina.

                                   Veratrol

   Ve*ra"trol  (?),  n.  [Veratric  +  ol.]  (Chem.) A liquid hydrocarbon
   obtained  by  the decomposition of veratric acid, and constituting the
   dimethyl ether of pyrocatechin.

                                   Veratrum

   Ve*ra"trum  (?),  n. [L. veratrum hellebore.] (Bot.) A genus of coarse
   liliaceous herbs having very poisonous qualities.

     NOTE: &hand; Ve ratrum al bum of  Eu rope, an d Ve ratrum viride of
     America,  are  both  called  hellebore. They grow in wet land, have
     large, elliptical, plicate leaves in three vertical ranks, and bear
     panicles of greenish flowers.

                                     Verb

   Verb (?), n. [F. verbe, L. verbum a word, verb. See Word.]

   1. A word; a vocable. [Obs.] South.

   2. (Gram.) A word which affirms or predicates something of some person
   or  thing; a part of speech expressing being, action, or the suffering
   of action.

     NOTE: &hand; A  verb is a word whereby the chief action of the mind
     [the  assertion  or  the denial of a proposition] finds expression.
     Earle.

   Active  verb, Auxiliary verb, Neuter verb, etc. See Active, Auxiliary,
   Neuter, etc.

                                    Verbal

   Ver"bal (?), a. [F., fr. L. verbalis. See Verb.]

   1.  Expressed  in  words,  whether  spoken or written, but commonly in
   spoken words; hence, spoken; oral; not written; as, a verbal contract;
   verbal testimony.

     Made she no verbal question? Shak.

     We  subjoin  an  engraving  .  . . which will give the reader a far
     better  notion  of  the structure than any verbal description could
     convey to the mind. Mayhew.

   2. Consisting in, or having to do with, words only; dealing with words
   rather  than  with  the  ideas  intended  to be conveyed; as, a verbal
   critic; a verbal change.

     And loses, though but verbal, his reward. Milton.

     Mere verbal refinements, instead of substantial knowledge. Whewell.

   3. Having word answering to word; word for word; literal; as, a verbal
   translation.

   4. Abounding with words; verbose. [Obs.] Shak.

   5.  (Gram.)  Of  or  pertaining to a verb; as, a verbal group; derived
   directly  from a verb; as, a verbal noun; used in forming verbs; as, a
   verbal prefix.
   Verbal  inspiration.  See under Inspiration. -- Verbal noun (Gram.), a
   noun  derived directly from a verb or verb stem; a verbal. The term is
   specifically applied to infinitives, and nouns ending in -ing, esp. to
   the  latter. See Gerund, and -ing, 2. See also, Infinitive mood, under
   Infinitive.
   
                                    Verbal
                                       
   Ver"bal, n. (Gram.) A noun derived from a verb. 

                                   Verbalism

   Ver"bal*ism  (?),  n. Something expressed verbally; a verbal remark or
   expression.

                                   Verbalist

   Ver"bal*ist, n. A literal adherent to, or a minute critic of, words; a
   literalist.

                                   Verbality

   Ver*bal"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being verbal; mere words;
   bare literal expression. [R.] "More verbality than matter." Bp. Hall.

                                 Verbalization

   Ver`bal*i*za"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  of verbalizing, or the state of
   being verbalized.

                                   Verbalize

   Ver"bal*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Verbalized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Verbalizing  (?).]  [Cf.  F.  verbaliser.]  To convert into a verb; to
   verbify.

                                   Verbalize

   Ver"bal*ize, v. i. To be verbose.

                                   Verbally

   Ver"bal*ly, adv.

   1. In a verbal manner; orally.

   2. Word for word; verbatim. Dryden.

                                   Verbarian

   Ver*ba"ri*an   (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  words;  verbal.  [R.]
   Coleridge.

                                   Verbarian

   Ver*ba"ri*an, n. One who coins words. [R.]

     Southey gives himself free scope as a verbarian. Fitzed. Hall.

                                   Verbarium

   Ver*ba"ri*um (?), n. [NL., fr. L. verbum word.] A game in word making.
   See Logomachy, 2.

                                   Verbatim

   Ver*ba"tim  (?), adv. [LL., fr. L. verbum word.] Word for word; in the
   same  words;  verbally;  as,  to  tell a story verbatim as another has
   related it. Verbatim et literatim [LL.], word for word, and letter for
   letter.

                                    Verbena

   Ver*be"na  (?),  n.  [L.  See  Vervain.]  (Bot.) A genus of herbaceous
   plants  of  which  several  species are extensively cultivated for the
   great beauty of their flowers; vervain.

     NOTE: &hand; Ve rbena, or  ve rvain, wa s us ed by  the Greeks, the
     Romans, and the Druids, in their sacred rites. Brewer.

   Essence  of verbena, Oil of verbena, a perfume prepared from the lemon
   verbena;  also, a similar perfume properly called grass oil. See Grass
   oil,  under Grass. -- Lemon, OR Sweet, verbena, a shrubby verbenaceous
   plant (Lippia citriodora), with narrow leaves which exhale a pleasant,
   lemonlike fragrance when crushed.

                                 Verbenaceous

   Ver`be*na"ceous  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Of or pertaining to a natural order
   (Verbenace\'91)  of  gamopetalous plants of which Verbena is the type.
   The order includes also the black and white mangroves, and many plants
   noted for medicinal use or for beauty of bloom.

                                   Verbenate

   Ver"be*nate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Verbenated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Verbenating.]  [L.  verbenatus crowned with a wreath of sacred boughs.
   See  Verbena.]  To  strew  with  verbena,  or  vervain,  as in ancient
   sacrifices and rites.

                                   Verberate

   Ver"ber*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [L. verberatus, p. p. of verberare to beat,
   from verber a lash, a whip.] To beat; to strike. [Obs.] "The sound . .
   . rebounds again and verberates the skies." Mir. for Mag.

                                  Verberation

   Ver`ber*a"tion (?), n. [L. verberatio: cf. F. verb\'82ration.]

   1. The act of verberating; a beating or striking. Arbuthnot.

   2. The impulse of a body; which causes sound. [R.]

                                   Verbiage

   Ver"bi*age (?; 48), n. [F. verbiage, from OF. verbe a word. See Verb.]
   The  use  of  many  words  without  necessity, or with little sense; a
   superabundance of words; verbosity; wordiness.

     Verbiage may indicate observation, but not thinking. W. Irving.

     This barren verbiage current among men. Tennyson.

                                    Verify

   Ver"i*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [Verb + -fy.] To make into a verb; to use as a
   verb; to verbalize. [R.] Earle.

                                    Verbose

   Ver*bose"  (?),  a.  [L.  verbosus,  from  verbum  a  word. See Verb.]
   Abounding in words; using or containing more words than are necessary;
   tedious  by  a  multiplicity  of  words;  prolix; wordy; as, a verbose
   speaker; a verbose argument.

     Too verbose in their way of speaking. Ayliffe.

   -- Ver*bose"ly, adv. -- Ver*bose"ness, n.

                                   Verbosity

   Ver*bos"i*ty  (?)  n.;  pl.  Verbosities  (#).  [L. verbositas: cf. F.
   verbosit\'82.]  The quality or state of being verbose; the use of more
   words than are necessary; prolixity; wordiness; verbiage.

     The  worst  fault, by far, is the extreme diffuseness and verbosity
     of his style. Jeffrey.

                                     Verd

   Verd (?), n. [See Vert, Verdant.]

   1.  (Eng. Forest Law) (a) The privilege of cutting green wood within a
   forest  for  fuel.  (b)  The  right  of pasturing animals in a forest.
   Burrill.

   2. Greenness; freshness. [Obs.] Nares.

                                   Verdancy

   Ver"dan*cy (?), n. The quality or state of being verdant.

                                    Verdant

   Ver"dant  (?),  a. [F. verdoyant, p. pr. of verdoyer to be verdant, to
   grow  green,  OF.  verdoier,  verdeier,  fr. verd, vert, green, fr. L.
   viridis  green,  fr.  virere  to be green: cf. OF. verdant verdant, L.
   viridans, p. pr. of viridare to make green. Cf. Farthingale, Verjuice,
   Vert.]

   1.  Covered  with  growing plants or grass; green; fresh; flourishing;
   as, verdant fields; a verdant lawn.

     Let the earth Put forth the verdant grass. Milton.

   2. Unripe in knowledge or judgment; unsophisticated; raw; green; as, a
   verdant youth. [Colloq.]

                                 Verd antique

   Verd`  an*tique"  (?).  [F. vert antique a kind of marble; verd, vert,
   green  +  antique  ancient:  cf.  It.  verde  antico.]  (Min.)  (a)  A
   mottled-green  serpentine marble. (b) A green porphyry called oriental
   verd antique.

                                   Verdantly

   Ver"dant*ly (?), adv. In a verdant manner.

                              Verderer, Verderor

   Ver"der*er (?), Ver"der*or (?), n. [F. verdier, LL. viridarius, fr. L.
   viridis green.] (Eng. Forest Law) An officer who has the charge of the
   king's  forest,  to  preserve  the vert and venison, keep the assizes,
   view,  receive,  and enroll attachments and presentments of all manner
   of trespasses. Blackstone.

                                    Verdict

   Ver"dict  (?),  n.  [OE.  verdit,  OF. verdit, veirdit, LL. verdictum,
   veredictum;  L. vere truly (fr. verus true) + dictum a saying, a word,
   fr. dicere, dictum, to say. See Very, and Dictum.]

   1. (Law) The answer of a jury given to the court concerning any matter
   of   fact  in  any  cause,  civil  or  criminal,  committed  to  their
   examination  and  determination;  the finding or decision of a jury on
   the  matter  legally submitted to them in the course of the trial of a
   cause.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e de cision of a judge or referee, upon an issue of
     fact, is not called a verdict, but a finding, or a finding of fact.
     Abbott.

   2.  Decision; judgment; opinion pronounced; as, to be condemned by the
   verdict of the public.

     These  were  enormities  condemned  by  the most natural verdict of
     common humanity. South.

     Two   generations  have  since  confirmed  the  verdict  which  was
     pronounced on that night. Macaulay.

                                   Verdigris

   Ver"di*gris  (?),  n.  [F.  vert-de-gris,  apparently from verd, vert,
   green + de of + gris gray, but really a corruption of LL. viride aeris
   (equivalent  to L. aerugo), from L. viridis green + aes, aeris, brass.
   See Verdant, and 2d Ore.]

   1.  (Chem.)  A  green  poisonous substance used as a pigment and drug,
   obtained  by  the  action  of  acetic  acid  on copper, and consisting
   essentially of a complex mixture of several basic copper acetates.

   2. The green rust formed on copper. [Colloq.]

     NOTE: &hand; Th is rust is a carbonate of copper, and should not be
     confounded with true verdigris.

   U.  S.  Disp. Blue verdigris (Chem.), a verdigris having a blue color,
   used  a  pigment,  etc.  --  Distilled  verdigris (Old Chem.), an acid
   copper acetate; -- so called because the acetic acid used in making it
   was  obtained from distilled vinegar. -- Verdigris green, clear bluish
   green, the color of verdigris.

                                   Verdigris

   Ver"di*gris,  v.  t.  To  cover, or coat, with verdigris. [R.] "An old
   verdigrised brass bugle." Hawthorne.

                                    Verdin

   Ver"din  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Sp.  verdino  bright  green,  F.  verdin  the
   yellow-hammer.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small  yellow-headed  bird  (Auriparus
   flaviceps)  of Lower California, allied to the titmice; -- called also
   goldtit.

                                    Verdine

   Ver"dine (?), n. [F. verd, vert, green.] (Chem.) A commercial name for
   green aniline dye.

                                  Verdingale

   Ver"din*gale  (?),  n.  See  Farthingale.  [Spelled  also verdingall.]
   [Obs.]

                                    Verdit

   Ver"dit (?), n. Verdict. Chaucer.

                                   Verditer

   Ver"di*ter  (?),  n.  [F.  vert-de-terre,  literally, green of earth.]
   (Chem.)  (a)  Verdigris. [Obs.] (b) Either one of two pigments (called
   blue  verditer,  and green verditer) which are made by treating copper
   nitrate  with  calcium carbonate (in the form of lime, whiting, chalk,
   etc.)  They  consist  of  hydrated  copper carbonates analogous to the
   minerals  azurite  and  malachite. Verditer blue, a pale greenish blue
   color, like that of the pigment verditer.

                                   Verditure

   Ver"di*ture  (?;  135),  n.  [Cf.  Verditer.]  The faintest and palest
   green.

                                    Verdoy

   Ver"doy  (?),  a.  [F.  verdoyer to become green. See Verdant.] (Her.)
   Charged with leaves, fruits, flowers, etc.; -- said of a border.

                                    Verdure

   Ver"dure  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  L.  viridis green. See Verdant.] Green;
   greenness;  freshness of vegetation; as, the verdure of the meadows in
   June.

     A wide expanse of living verdure, cultivated gardens, shady groves,
     fertile cornfields, flowed round it like a sea. Motley.

                                   Verdured

   Ver"dured (?), a. Covered with verdure. Poe.

                                  Verdureless

   Ver"dure*less (?), a. Destitute of verdure.

                                   Verdurous

   Ver"dur*ous (?), a. Covered with verdure; clothed with the fresh green
   of vegetation; verdured; verdant; as, verdurous pastures. Milton.

                                   Verecund

   Ver"e*cund  (?),  a. [L. verecundus, fr. vereri to feel awe.] Rashful;
   modest. [Obs.]

                                 Verecundious

   Ver`e*cun"di*ous  (?),  a. Verecund. [Obs.] "Verecundious generosity."
   Sir H. Wotton.

                                  Verecundity

   Ver`e*cun"di*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being verecund;
   modesty. [Obs.]

                                  Veretillum

   Ver`e*til"lum  (?),  n.  [L.,  dim.  of  veretrum  the private parts.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  numerous  species  of  club-shaped, compound
   Alcyonaria  belonging  to  Veretillum  and allied genera, of the tribe
   Pennatulacea.  The  whole colony can move about as if it were a simple
   animal.

                              Vergalien, Vergaloo

   Ver"ga*lien,   Ver"ga*loo   (?),  n.  [Cf.  Virgouleuse.]  (Bot.)  See
   Virgalieu.

                                     Verge

   Verge (?), n. [F. verge, L. virga; perhaps akin to E. wisp.]

   1.  A  rod or staff, carried as an emblem of authority; as, the verge,
   carried before a dean.

   2.  The  stick  or  wand  with  which  persons  were formerly admitted
   tenants, they holding it in the hand, and swearing fealty to the lord.
   Such tenants were called tenants by the verge. [Eng.]

   3.  (Eng.  Law)  The compass of the court of Marshalsea and the Palace
   court,  within  which  the  lord steward and the marshal of the king's
   household  had  special  jurisdiction; -- so called from the verge, or
   staff, which the marshal bore.

   4. A virgate; a yardland. [Obs.]

   5.  A border, limit, or boundary of a space; an edge, margin, or brink
   of something definite in extent.

     Even  though  we go to the extreme verge of possibility to invent a
     supposition favorable to it, the theory . . . implies an absurdity.
     J. S. Mill.

     But on the horizon's verge descried, Hangs, touched with light, one
     snowy sail. M. Arnold.

   6. A circumference; a circle; a ring.

     The inclusive verge Of golden metal that must round my brow. Shak.

   7.  (Arch.)  (a)  The  shaft of a column, or a small ornamental shaft.
   Oxf.  Gloss. (b) The edge of the tiling projecting over the gable of a
   roof. Encyc. Brit.

   8.  (Horol.)  The  spindle  of  a  watch  balance, especially one with
   pallets, as in the old vertical escapement. See under Escapement.

   9.  (Hort.)  (a) The edge or outside of a bed or border. (b) A slip of
   grass  adjoining gravel walks, and dividing them from the borders in a
   parterre.

   10. The penis.

   11.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  external  male organ of certain mollusks, worms,
   etc.  See  Illustration  in Appendix. Syn. -- Border; edge; rim; brim;
   margin; brink.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1603

                                     Verge

   Verge  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Verged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Verging
   (?).] [L. vergere to bend, turn, incline; cf. Skr. v to turn.]

   1. To border upon; to tend; to incline; to come near; to approach.

   2.  To  tend  downward;  to  bend;  to slope; as, a hill verges to the
   north.

     Our  soul,  from  original  instinct,  vergeth  towards  him as its
     center. Barrow.

     I  find  myself verging to that period of life which is to be labor
     and sorrow. Swift.

                                  Vergeboard

   Verge"board`  (?),  n.  [Verge  +  board. Cf. Bargeboard.] (Arch.) The
   ornament  of  woodwork  upon the gable of a house, used extensively in
   the  15th  century.  It  was  generally suspended from the edge of the
   projecting  roof  (see  Verge, n., 4), and in position parallel to the
   gable wall. Called also bargeboard.

                                   Vergency

   Ver"gen*cy (?), n.

   1. The act of verging or approaching; tendency; approach. [R.]

   2.  (Opt.)  The  reciprocal  of  the focal distance of a lens, used as
   measure  of  the  divergence  or convergence of a pencil of rays. [R.]
   Humphrey Lloyd.

                                    Verger

   Ver"ger  (?), n. [F. verger, from verge a rod. See 1st Verge.] One who
   carries  a  verge,  or  emblem  of  office.  Specifically:  --  (a) An
   attendant  upon  a  dignitary, as on a bishop, a dean, a justice, etc.
   [Eng.]  Strype.  (b)  The official who takes care of the interior of a
   church building.

                                    Verger

   Ver"ger, n. A garden or orchard. [Obs.]

                                  Vergett\'82

   Ver`get`t\'82"  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. verget\'82.] Divided by pallets, or
   pales; paly. W. Berry.

                                   Vergette

   Ver*gette" (?), n. (Her.) A small pale.

                                   Veridical

   Ve*rid"ic*al (?), a. [L. veridicus; verus true + dicere to say, tell.]
   Truth-telling; truthful; veracious. [R.] Carlyle.

                                  Verifiable

   Ver"i*fi`a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of being verified; confirmable. Bp.
   Hall.

                                  Verfication

   Ver`fi*ca"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. v\'82rification.]

   1. The act of verifying, or the state of being verified; confirmation;
   authentication.

   2.  (Law)  (a)  Confirmation  by evidence. (b) A formal phrase used in
   concluding a plea.
   Verification  of  an  equation  (Math.),  the operation of testing the
   equation  of  a  problem,  to  see  whether  it  expresses  truly  the
   conditions of the problem. Davies & Peck. (Math. Dict.)

                                 Verificative

   Ver"i*fi*ca*tive  (?), a. Serving to verify; verifying; authenciating;
   confirming.

                                   Verifier

   Ver"i*fi`er (?), n. One who, or that which, verifies.

                                    Verify

   Ver"i*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Verified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Verifying.]  [F.  v\'82rifier,  LL.  verificare,  from L. verus true +
   -ficare to make. See Very, and -fy.]

   1.  To  prove  to  be  true  or correct; to establish the truth of; to
   confirm; to substantiate.

     This is verified by a number of examples. Bacon.

     So shalt thou best fulfill, best verify. The prophets old, who sung
     thy endless reign. Milton.

   2.  To  confirm  or  establish  the  authenticity of by examination or
   competent evidence; to authenciate; as, to verify a written statement;
   to verify an account, a pleading, or the like.

     To verify our title with their lives. Shak.

   3. To maintain; to affirm; to support. [Obs.] Shak.

                                  Veriloquent

   Ve*ril"o*quent  (?),  a.  [L.  verus true + speaking.] Speaking truth;
   truthful. [Obs.]

                                    Verily

   Ver"i*ly  (?),  adv.  [From  Very.]  In  very  truth;  beyond doubt or
   question; in fact; certainly. Bacon.

     Trust  in  the  Lord and do good; so shalt thou dwell in the verily
     thou shalt be fed. Ps. xxxvii. 3.

                                    Verine

   Ver"ine  (?), n. [Contr. from veratrine.] (Chem.) An alkaloid obtained
   as a yellow amorphous substance by the decomposition of veratrine.

                                  Verisimilar

   Ver`i*sim"i*lar  (?),  a.  [L. verisimilis; verus true + similis like,
   similar.  See  Very,  and  Similar.]  Having  the appearance of truth;
   probable; likely. "How verisimilar it looks." Carlyle.

                                Verisimilitude

   Ver`i*si*mil"i*tude    (?),    n.    [L.   verisimilitudo:   cf.   OF.
   verisimilitude.  See  Verisimilar.]  The  quality  or  state  of being
   verisimilar; the appearance of truth; probability; likelihood.

     Verisimilitude and opinion are an easy purchase; but true knowledge
     is dear and difficult. Glanvill.

     All that gives verisimilitude to a narrative. Sir. W. Scott.

                                 Verisimility

   Ver`i*si*mil"i*ty (?), n. Verisimilitude. [Obs.]

     The verisimility or probable truth. Sir T. Browne.

                                  Versimilous

   Ver`*sim"i*lous (?), a. Verisimilar. [Obs.]

                                   Veritable

   Ver"i*ta*ble (?), a. [F. v\'82ritable. See Verity.] Agreeable to truth
   or to fact; actual; real; true; genuine. "The veritable Deity." Sir W.
   Hamilton. -- Ver"i*ta*bly, adv.

                                    Veritas

   Ver"i*tas (?), n. [Cf. F. v\'82ritas. See Verity.] The Bureau Veritas.
   See under Bureau.

                                    Verity

   Ver"i*ty  (?), n.; pl. Verities (#). [F. v\'82rit\'82, L. veritas, fr.
   verus true. See Very.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  true, or real; consonance of a
   statement,  proposition,  or  other  thing, with fact; truth; reality.
   "The verity of certain words." Shak.

     It  is  a proposition of eternal verity, that none can govern while
     he is despised. South.

   2. That which is true; a true assertion or tenet; a truth; a reality.

     Mark  what I say, which you shall find By every syllable a faithful
     verity. Shak.

                                   Verjuice

   Ver"juice`  (?),  n.  [OE.  vergeous, F. verjus, that is, the juice of
   green fruits; verd, vert, green + jus juice. See Verdant, and Juice.]

   1.  The  sour juice of crab apples, of green or unripe grapes, apples,
   etc.; also, an acid liquor made from such juice.

   2. Tartness; sourness, as of disposition.

                                    Vermeil

   Ver"meil (?), n. [F., vermilion, fr. LL. vermiculus, fr. L. vermiculus
   a  little  worm, the coccus Indicus, from vermis a worm. See Worm, and
   cf. Vermicule.]

   1.  Vermilion;  also, the color of vermilion, a bright, beautiful red.
   [Poetic & R.]

     In  her  cheeks  the  vermeil  red  did show Like roses in a bed of
     lilies shed. Spenser.

   2. Silver gilt or gilt bronze.

   3.  A liquid composition applied to a gilded surface to give luster to
   the gold. Knight.

                                 Vermeologist

   Ver`me*ol"o*gist  (?),  n.  One  who  treats  of  vermes,  or worms; a
   helminthologist.

                                  Vermeology

   Ver`me*ol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [L.  vermes  worms  +  -logy.]  (Zo\'94l.) A
   discourse  or  treatise on worms; that part of zo\'94logy which treats
   of worms; helminthology. [R.]

                                    Vermes

   Ver"mes  (?), n. pl. [L. vermes, pl. of vermis a worm.] (Zo\'94l.) (a)
   An  extensive artificial division of the animal kingdom, including the
   parasitic worms, or helminths, together with the nemerteans, annelids,
   and allied groups. By some writers the branchiopods, the bryzoans, and
   the  tunicates  are  also included. The name was used in a still wider
   sense  by  Linn\'91us  and his followers. (b) A more restricted group,
   comprising only the helminths and closely allied orders.

                                   Vermetid

   Ver"me*tid (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any species of vermetus.

                                   Vermetus

   Ver*me"tus  (?),  n. [NL., from L. vermis worm.] (Zo\'94l.) Any one of
   many  species  of  marine  gastropods belonging to Vermetus and allied
   genera,  of the family Vermetid\'91. Their shells are regularly spiral
   when  young,  but  later  in  life the whorls become separate, and the
   shell is often irregularly bent and contorted like a worm tube.

                                  Vermicelli

   Ver`mi*cel"li  (?),  n.  [It.,  pl. of vermicello, literally, a little
   worm,  dim.  of  verme a worm, L. vermis. See Worm, and cf. Vermicule,
   Vermeil.] The flour of a hard and small-grained wheat made into dough,
   and  forced  through small cylinders or pipes till it takes a slender,
   wormlike  form,  whence  the  Italian  name. When the paste is made in
   larger tubes, it is called macaroni.

                                   Vermicide

   Ver"mi*cide  (?),  n. [L. vermis a worm + caedere to kill.] A medicine
   which destroys intestinal worms; a worm killer. Pereira.

                                  Vermicious

   Ver*mi"cious  (?),  a.  [L. vermis a worm.] Of or pertaining to worms;
   wormy.

                                  Vermicular

   Ver*mic"u*lar  (?),  a. [L. vermiculus a little worm, dim. of vermis a
   worm: cf. F. vermiculaire. See Vermicelli.] Of or pertaining to a worm
   or   worms;  resembling  a  worm;  shaped  like  a  worm;  especially,
   resembling  the  motion  or  track  of  a worm; as, the vermicular, or
   peristaltic,  motion  of  the  intestines. See Peristaltic. "A twisted
   form vermicular." Cowper.

                                  Vermiculate

   Ver*mic"u*late (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vermiculated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Vermiculating.]  [L.  vermiculatus  inlaid  so  as to resemble the
   tracks  of worms, p. p. of vermiculari to be full of worms, vermiculus
   a  little worm. See Vermicular.] To form or work, as by inlaying, with
   irregular  lines  or  impressions  resembling  the tracks of worms, or
   appearing as if formed by the motion of worms.

                                  Vermiculate

   Ver*mic"u*late (?), a.

   1.  Wormlike  in  shape; covered with wormlike elevations; marked with
   irregular  fine lines of color, or with irregular wavy impressed lines
   like worm tracks; as, a vermiculate nut.

   2.  Crawling or creeping like a worm; hence, insinuating; sophistical.
   "Vermiculate questions." Bacon. "Vermiculate logic." R. Choate.

                                 Vermiculated

   Ver*mic"u*la`ted  (?),  a. Made or marked with irregular wavy lines or
   impressions;   vermiculate.  Vermiculated  work,  OR  Vermicular  work
   (Arch.),  rustic  work  so  wrought  as  to  have  the  appearance  of
   convoluted  worms,  or  of  having been eaten into by, or covered with
   tracks of, worms. Gwilt.

                                 Vermiculation

   Ver*mic`u*la"tion (?), n. [L. vermiculatio a being worm-eaten.]

   1.  The  act  or  operation  of  moving  in  the  manner  of  a  worm;
   continuation   of   motion   from   one   part  to  another;  as,  the
   vermiculation, or peristaltic motion, of the intestines.

   2.  The act of vermiculating, or forming or inlaying so as to resemble
   the motion, track, or work of a worm.

   3. Penetration by worms; the state of being wormeaten.

   4.  (Zo\'94l.) A very fine wavy crosswise color marking, or a patch of
   such markings, as on the feathers of birds.

                                   Vermicule

   Ver"mi*cule  (?),  n.  [L.  vermiculus,  dim.  of  vermis  a worm. See
   Vermicular.] A small worm or insect larva; also, a wormlike body. [R.]
   Derham.

                                  Vermiculite

   Ver*mic"u*lite  (?), n. [L. vermiculus, dim. of vermis worm.] (Min.) A
   group  of  minerals  having,  a  micaceous structure. They are hydrous
   silicates, derived generally from the alteration of some kind of mica.
   So  called  because  the  scales,  when heated, open out into wormlike
   forms.

                           Vermiculose, Vermiculous

   Ver*mic"u*lose`  (?),  Ver*mic"u*lous  (?),  a.  [L. vermiculosus. See
   Vermicule.] Containing, or full of, worms; resembling worms.

                                   Vermiform

   Ver"mi*form  (?),  a. [L. vermis a worm + -form.] Resembling a worm in
   form  or  motions;  vermicular;  as,  the  vermiform  process  of  the
   cerebellum. Vermiform appendix (Anat.), a slender blind process of the
   c\'91cum  in  man  and  some  other  animals; -- called also vermiform
   appendage,  and  vermiform  process. Small solid bodies, such as grape
   seeds  or  cherry  stones,  sometimes lodge in it, causing serious, or
   even fatal, inflammation. See Illust. under Digestion.
   
                                  Vermiformia
                                       
   Ver`mi*for"mi*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  tribe  of  worms
   including Phoronis. See Phoronis. 

                                  Vermifugal

   Ver*mif"u*gal  (?),  a.  [L. vermis a worm + fugare to drive away, fr.
   fugere  to  flee.  See Worm, and Fugitive.] (Med.) Tending to prevent,
   destroy, or expel, worms or vermin; anthelmintic.

                                   Vermifuge

   Ver"mi*fuge  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  vermifuge.  See Vermifugal.] (Med.) A
   medicine  or  substance  that  expels  worms  from  animal  bodies; an
   anthelmintic.

                                    Vermil

   Ver"mil (?), n. See Vermeil. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                 Vermilinguia

   Ver`mi*lin"gui*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  L.  vermis  worm + lingua
   tongue.]  [Called  also  Vermilingues.]  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  tribe  of
   edentates  comprising  the  South  American  ant-eaters. The tongue is
   long,  slender,  exsertile,  and very flexible, whence the name. (b) A
   tribe  of  Old  World lizards which comprises the chameleon. They have
   long, flexible tongues.

                                   Vermilion

   Ver*mil"ion (?), n. [F. vermillon. See Vermeil.]

   1.  (Chem.)  A  bright  red  pigment  consisting of mercuric sulphide,
   obtained  either  from  the mineral cinnabar or artificially. It has a
   fine red color, and is much used in coloring sealing wax, in printing,
   etc.

     NOTE: &hand; The kermes insect has long been used for dyeing red or
     scarlet.  It  was  formerly  known  as the worm dye, vermiculus, or
     vermiculum,  and  the cloth was called vermiculatia. Hence came the
     French  vermeil  for  any  red  dye,  and  hence  the  modern  name
     vermilion, although the substance it denotes is very different from
     the kermes, being a compound of mercury and sulphur.

   R. Hunt.

   2.  Hence,  a  red color like the pigment; a lively and brilliant red;
   as, cheeks of vermilion.

                                   Vermilion

   Ver*mil"ion,  v.  t. To color with vermilion, or as if with vermilion;
   to dye red; to cover with a delicate red.

                                    Vermily

   Ver"mi*ly (?), n. Vermeil. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                    Vermin

   Ver"min  (?), n. sing. & pl.; used chiefly as plural. [OE. vermine, F.
   vermine,  from  L. vermis a worm; cf. LL. vermen a worm, L. verminosus
   full of worms. See Vermicular, Worm.]

   1. An animal, in general. [Obs.]

     Wherein  were  all  manner  of  fourfooted beasts of the earth, and
     vermin, and worms, and fowls. Acts x. 12. (Geneva Bible).

     This  crocodile  is  a  mischievous  fourfooted  beast, a dangerous
     vermin, used to both elements. Holland.

   2. A noxious or mischievous animal; especially, noxious little animals
   or insects, collectively, as squirrels, rats, mice, flies, lice, bugs,
   etc. "Cruel hounds or some foul vermin." Chaucer.

     Great  injuries  these  vermin,  mice  and  rats,  do in the field.
     Mortimer.

     They  disdain  such vermin when the mighty boar of the forest . . .
     is before them. Burke.

   3. Hence, in contempt, noxious human beings.

     You are my prisoners, base vermin. Hudibras.

                                   Verminate

   Ver"mi*nate  (?),  v.  i.  [L.  verminare  to have worms, fr. vermis a
   worm.] To breed vermin.

                                  Vermination

   Ver`mi*na"tion (?), n. [L. verminatio the worms, a disease of animals,
   a crawling, itching pain.]

   1. The generation or breeding of vermin. Derham.

   2. A griping of the bowels.

                                   Verminly

   Ver"min*ly  (?), a. & adv. Resembling vermin; in the manner of vermin.
   [Obs.] Gauden.

                                   Verminous

   Ver"min*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  verminosus,  fr.  vermis  a  worm:  cf. F.
   vermineux.]

   1. Tending to breed vermin; infested by vermin.

     Some . . . verminous disposition of the body. Harvey.

   2.  Caused  by, or arising from the presence of, vermin; as, verminous
   disease.

                                  Verminously

   Ver"min*ous*ly, adv. In a verminous manner.

                                  Vermiparous

   Ver*mip"a*rous  (?),  a.  [L.  vermis a worm + parere to bring forth.]
   Producing or breeding worms. "Vermiparous animals." Sir T. Browne.

                                  Vermivorous

   Ver*miv"o*rous  (?),  a.  [L. vermis a worm + vorare to devour: cf. F.
   vermivore.]   (Zo\'94l.)   Devouring  worms;  feeding  on  worms;  as,
   vermivorous birds.

                                    Vermuth

   Ver"muth (?), n. [F. vermout.] A liqueur made of white wine, absinthe,
   and various aromatic drugs, used to excite the appetite. [Written also
   vermouth.]

                                   Vernacle

   Ver"na*cle (?), n. See Veronica, 1. [Obs.]

                                  Vernacular

   Ver*nac"u*lar  (?), a. [L. vernaculus born in one's house, native, fr.
   verna  a  slave born in his master's house, a native, probably akin to
   Skr.  vas  to dwell, E. was.] Belonging to the country of one's birth;
   one's  own by birth or nature; native; indigenous; -- now used chiefly
   of  language;  as,  English  is our vernacular language. "A vernacular
   disease." Harvey.

     His skill the vernacular dialect of the Celtic tongue. Fuller.

     Which in our vernacular idiom may be thus interpreted. Pope.

                                  Vernacular

   Ver*nac"u*lar, n. The vernacular language; one's mother tongue; often,
   the common forms of expression in a particular locality.

                                 Vernacularism

   Ver*nac"u*lar*ism (?), n. A vernacular idiom.

                               Vernacularization

   Ver*nac"u*lar*i*za"tion   (?),   n.  The  act  or  process  of  making
   vernacular, or the state of being made vernacular. Fitzed. Hall.

                                 Vernacularly

   Ver*nac"u*lar*ly  (?), adv. In a vernacular manner; in the vernacular.
   Earle.

                                  Vernaculous

   Ver*nac"u*lous (?), a. [L. vernaculus. See Vernacular.]

   1. Vernacular. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

   2.  [L.  vernaculi,  pl., buffoons, jesters.] Scoffing; scurrilous. [A
   Latinism.  Obs.]  "Subject  to  the  petulancy  of  every  vernaculous
   orator." B. Jonson.

                                    Vernage

   Ver"nage  (?),  n.  [It.  vernaccia.] A kind of sweet wine from Italy.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Vernal

   Ver"nal  (?),  a. [L. vernalis, fr. vernus vernal, ver spring; akin to
   Gr. vasanta, Icel. v\'ber, and E. Easter, east.]

   1. Of or pertaining to the spring; appearing in the spring; as, vernal
   bloom.

   2. Fig.: Belonging to youth, the spring of life.

     When after the long vernal day of life. Thomson.

     And seems it hard thy vernal years Few vernal joys can show? Keble.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1604

   Vernal  equinox  (Astron.),  the time when the sun crosses the equator
   when  proceeding  northward. -- Vernal grass (Bot.), a low, soft grass
   (Anthoxanthum  odoratum),  producing  in  the  spring narrow spikelike
   panicles,  and  noted  for  the  delicious fragrance which it gives to
   new-mown  hay;  --  also  called  sweet  vernal  grass. See Illust. in
   Appendix.  --  Vernal  signs  (Astron.), the signs, Aries, Taurus, and
   Gemini, in which the sun appears between the vernal equinox and summer
   solstice.

                                    Vernant

   Ver"nant  (?),  a.  [L.  vernans, p. pr. vernare to flourish, from ver
   spring.]  Flourishing, as in spring; vernal. [Obs.] "Vernant flowers."
   Milton.

                                    Vernate

   Ver"nate (?), v. i. [See Vernant.] To become young again. [Obs.]

                                   Vernation

   Ver*na"tion  (?),  n.  [F. vernation: cf. L. vernatio the sloughing of
   the  skin  of snakes.] (Bot.) The arrangement of the leaves within the
   leaf   bud,   as   regards  their  folding,  coiling,  rolling,  etc.;
   prefoliation.

                                   Vernicle

   Ver"ni*cle (?), n. A Veronica. See Veronica, 1. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

     A vernicle had he sowed upon his cap. Chaucer.

                                   Vernicose

   Ver"ni*cose`  (?),  a.  [See  Varnish.]  (Bot.)  Having  a brilliantly
   polished surface, as some leaves.

                                    Vernier

   Ver"ni*er  (?),  n.  [So  named after the inventor, Pierre Vernier.] A
   short  scale  made  to  slide  along  the  divisions  of  a  graduated
   instrument, as the limb of a sextant, or the scale of a barometer, for
   indicating  parts  of  divisions.  It  is  so graduated that a certain
   convenient number of its divisions are just equal to a certain number,
   either  one  less  or one more, of the divisions of the instrument, so
   that  parts of a division are determined by observing what line on the
   vernier  coincides  with  a  line on the instrument. Vernier calipers,
   Vernier  gauge, a gauge with a graduated bar and a sliding jaw bearing
   a  vernier,  used  for  accurate  measurements.  -- Vernier compass, a
   surveyor's  compass  with a vernier for the accurate adjustment of the
   zero  point in accordance with magnetic variation. -- Vernier transit,
   a surveyor's transit instrument with a vernier compass.

                                    Vernile

   Ver"nile  (?),  a.  [L.  vernilis  servile. See Vernacular.] Suiting a
   salve; servile; obsequious. [R.]

     The example . . . of vernile scurrility. De Quincey.

                                   Vernility

   Ver*nil"i*ty  (?), n. [L. vernilitas.] Fawning or obsequious behavior;
   servility. [R.] Bailey.

                                    Vernine

   Ver"nine  (?),  n. [Vernal + -ine.] (Chem.) An alkaloid extracted from
   the  shoots  of  the  vetch,  red clover, etc., as a white crystalline
   substance.

                                    Vernish

   Ver"nish (?), n. & v. Varnish. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                   Vernonin

   Ver"no*nin  (?),  n.  (Chem.) A glucoside extracted from the root of a
   South  African  plant of the genus Vernonia, as a deliquescent powder,
   and used as a mild heart tonic.

                                   Veronese

   Ver`o*nese"  (?),  a.  [It.  Veronese.] Of or pertaining to Verona, in
   Italy.  -- n. sing. & pl. A native of Verona; collectively, the people
   of Verona.

                                   Veronica

   Ve*ron"i*ca  (?),  n.  [LL.;  -- so called from Veronica, a woman who,
   according  to  an  old legend, as Christ was carrying the cross, wiped
   his   face   with  a  cloth,  which  received  an  impression  of  his
   countenance; Veronica is fr. MGr.

   1.  A  portrait  or  representation  of  the face of our Savior on the
   alleged  handkerchief  of  Saint Veronica, preserved at Rome; hence, a
   representation  of this portrait, or any similar representation of the
   face of the Savior. Formerly called also Vernacle, and Vernicle.

   2.  (Bot.)  A  genus  scrophulariaceous  plants;  the  speedwell.  See
   Speedwell.

     NOTE: &hand; Se veral he rbaceous species are common in both Europe
     and  America,  most of which have small blue flowers. A few shrubby
     species from New Zealand are sometimes found in cultivation.

                                    Verray

   Ver"ray (?), a. Very; true. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                  Verrayment

   Ver"ray*ment  (?),  adv.  [OF.  veraiement.  See Very.] Verily; truly.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Verrel

   Ver"rel (?), n. See Ferrule. [Obs.]

                                  Verriulate

   Ver*ri"u*late  (?), a. [L. verriculum a net, seine.] (Zo\'94l.) Having
   thickset tufts of parallel hairs, bristles, or branches.

                                  Verruciform

   Ver*ru"ci*form  (?),  a. [L. verruca wart + -form.] Shaped like a wart
   or warts.

                                   Verrucose

   Ver"ru*cose` (?), a. [L. verrucosus, fr. verruca a wart.] Covered with
   wartlike  elevations;  tuberculate;  warty; verrucous; as, a verrucose
   capsule.

                                   Verrucous

   Ver"ru*cous (?), a. Verrucose.

                                  Verruculose

   Ver*ru"cu*lose`  (?),  a.  [L.  verrucula,  dim.  of  verruca a wart.]
   Minutely verrucose; as, a verruculose leaf or stalk.

                                     Vers

   Vers  (?),  n.  sing.  & pl. A verse or verses. See Verse. [Obs.] "Ten
   vers or twelve." Chaucer.

                                  Versability

   Ver`sa*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. The quality or state of being versable. [R.]
   Sterne

                                   Versable

   Ver"sa*ble  (?),  a.  [L. versabilis: cf. F. versable. See Versatile.]
   Capable of being turned. [R.]

                                 Versableness

   Ver"sa*ble*ness, n. Versability. [R.]

                                    Versal

   Ver"sal (?), a. Universal. [Obs. or Colloq.] Shak.

                                    Versant

   Ver"sant   (?),  a.  [L.  versans,  p.  pr.  versare  to  turn  abound
   frequently,  to  turn  over  in the mind, to meditate. See Versatile.]
   Familiar; conversant. [R.]

     Men not versant with courts of justice. Sydney Smith.

                                    Versant

   Ver"sant,  n. [F.] The slope of a side of a mountain chain; hence, the
   general slope of a country; aspect.

                                   Versatile

   Ver"sa*tile  (?),  a.  [L.  versatilis, fr. versare to turn around, v.
   freq. of vertere: cf. F. versatile. See Verse.]

   1. Capable of being turned round. Harte.

   2.  Liable  to  be  turned in opinion; changeable; variable; unsteady;
   inconstant; as versatile disposition.

   3.  Turning  with ease from one thing to another; readily applied to a
   new  task, or to various subjects; many-sided; as, versatile genius; a
   versatile politician.

     Conspicuous  among  the  youths of high promise . . . was the quick
     and versatile [Charles] Montagu. Macaulay.

   4.  (Nat.  Hist.)  Capable of turning; freely movable; as, a versatile
   anther, which is fixed at one point to the filament, and hence is very
   easily  turned  around;  a versatile toe of a bird. -- Ver"sa*tile*ly,
   adv. -- -- Ver"sa*tile*ness, n.

                                  Versatility

   Ver`sa*til"i*ty  (?), n. [Cf. F. versatilit\'82.] The quality or state
   of being versatile; versatileness.

                             Vers de soci\'82t\'82

   Vers` de so`ci\'82`t\'82" (?). [F.] See Society verses, under Society.

                                     Verse

   Verse  (?),  n. [OE. vers, AS. fers, L. versus a line in writing, and,
   in poetry, a verse, from vertere, versum, to turn, to turn round; akin
   to  E.  worth  to  become:  cf.  F. vers. See Worth to become, and cf.
   Advertise,  Averse,  Controversy,  Convert,  Divers,  Invert, Obverse,
   Prose, Suzerain, Vortex.]

   1.  A  line consisting of a certain number of metrical feet (see Foot,
   n., 9) disposed according to metrical rules.

     NOTE: &hand; Verses are of various kinds, as hexameter, pentameter,
     tetrameter,  etc., according to the number of feet in each. A verse
     of  twelve  syllables  is called an Alexandrine. Two or more verses
     form a stanza or strophe.

   2.  Metrical  arrangement  and  language;  that  which  is composed in
   metrical form; versification; poetry.

     Such  prompt  eloquence Flowed from their lips in prose or numerous
     verse. Milton.

     Virtue was taught in verse. Prior.

     Verse embalms virtue. Donne.

   3. A short division of any composition. Specifically: -- (a) A stanza;
   a stave; as, a hymn of four verses.

     NOTE: &hand; Al  though th  is us e of  ve rse is  co mmon, it  is 
     objectionable, because not always distinguishable from the stricter
     use in the sense of a line.

   (b)  (Script.)  One  of the short divisions of the chapters in the Old
   and New Testaments.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e au thor of the division of the Old Testament into
     verses  is  not  ascertained.  The  New  Testament was divided into
     verses  by  Robert  Stephens  [or Estienne], a French printer. This
     arrangement  appeared  for  the first time in an edition printed at
     Geneva, in 1551.

   (c) (Mus.) A portion of an anthem to be performed by a single voice to
   each part.

   4. A piece of poetry. "This verse be thine." Pope.
   Blank verse, poetry in which the lines do not end in rhymes. -- Heroic
   verse. See under Heroic.

                                     Verse

   Verse,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Versed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Versing.] To
   tell in verse, or poetry. [Obs.]

     Playing on pipes of corn and versing love. Shak.

                                     Verse

   Verse, v. i. To make verses; to versify. [Obs.]

     It is not rhyming and versing that maketh a poet. Sir P. Sidney.

                                    Versed

   Versed (?), a. [Cf. F. vers\'82, L. versatus, p. p. of versari to turn
   about  frequently,  to turn over, to be engaged in a thing, passive of
   versare.  See  Versant,  a.]  Acquainted or familiar, as the result of
   experience, study, practice, etc.; skilled; practiced.

     Deep versed in books and shallow in himself. Milton.

     Opinions . . . derived from studying the Scriptures, wherein he was
     versed beyond any person of his age. Southey.

     These men were versed in the details of business. Macaulay.

                                    Versed

   Versed,  a. [L. versus turned, p. p. vertere. See 1st Versed.] (Math.)
   Turned. Versed sine. See under Sine, and Illust. of Functions.
   
                                   Verseman
                                       
   Verse"man (?), n. Same as Versemonger. Prior. 

                                  Versemonger

   Verse"mon`ger  (?),  n.  A  writer  of verses; especially, a writer of
   commonplace  poetry;  a  poetaster; a rhymer; -- used humorously or in
   contempt.

                                    Verser

   Vers"er (?), n. A versifier. B. Jonson.

                                    Verset

   Vers"et (?), n. [F.] A verse. [Obs.] Milton.

                                   Versicle

   Ver"si*cle  (?),  n.  [L.  versiculus,  dim.  of versus. See Verse.] A
   little verse; especially, a short verse or text said or sung in public
   worship by the priest or minister, and followed by a response from the
   people.

     The  psalms  were  in  number  fifteen,  .  . . being digested into
     versicles. Strype.

                           Versicolor, Versicolored

   Ver"si*col`or  (?), Ver"si*col`ored (?), a. [L. versicolor; versare to
   change  +  color  color.]  Having various colors; changeable in color.
   "Versicolor, sweet-smelling flowers." Burton.

                                  Versicular

   Ver*sic"u*lar  (?),  a.  [See  Versicle.]  Of or pertaining to verses;
   designating distinct divisions of a writing.

                                 Versification

   Ver`si*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [L. versificatio: cf. F. versification.] The
   act,   art,   or  practice,  of  versifying,  or  making  verses;  the
   construction of poetry; metrical composition.

                                 Versificator

   Ver"si*fi*ca`tor (?), n. [L.] A versifier. [R.] "The best versificator
   next Virgil." Dryden.

                                   Versifier

   Ver"si*fi`er (?), n.

   1.  One  who  versifies, or makes verses; as, not every versifier is a
   poet. Dryden.

   2.  One  who converts into verse; one who expresses in verse the ideas
   of  another  written  in  prose;  as, Dr. Watts was a versifier of the
   Psalms.

                                    Versify

   Ver"si*fy  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Versified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Versifying  (?).] [OE. versifien, F. versifier, L. versificare; versus
   a verse + -ficare to make. See Verse, and -fy.] To make verses.

     I'll versify in spite, and do my best. Dryden.

                                    Versify

   Ver"si*fy, v. t.

   1. To relate or describe in verse; to compose in verse.

     I'll versify the truth, not poetize. Daniel.

   2.  To  turn  into verse; to render into metrical form; as, to versify
   the Psalms. Chaucer.

                                    Version

   Ver"sion  (?), n. [F., from L. vertere, versum, to turn, to change, to
   translate. See Verse.]

   1.   A  change  of  form,  direction,  or  the  like;  transformation;
   conversion; turning.

     The version of air into water. Bacon.

   2.  (Med.)  A  condition  of the uterus in which its axis is deflected
   from   its  normal  position  without  being  bent  upon  itself.  See
   Anteversion, and Retroversion.

   3.  The  act  of  translating,  or  rendering,  from one language into
   another language.

   4.  A  translation;  that which is rendered from another language; as,
   the  Common,  or  Authorized,  Version  of  the  Scriptures (see under
   Authorized); the Septuagint Version of the Old Testament.

   5.  An  account  or  description  from  a  particular  point  of view,
   especially  as  contrasted  with  another account; as, he gave another
   version of the affair.

                                  Versionist

   Ver"sion*ist, n. One who makes or favors a version; a translator. [R.]

                                     Verso

   Ver"so  (?),  n.  [L. versus, p. p. of vertere to turn: cf. F. verso.]
   (Print.)  The  reverse, or left-hand, page of a book or a folded sheet
   of paper; -- opposed to recto.

                                    Versor

   Ver"sor  (?),  n. [NL., fr. L. vertere, versus, to turn. See Version.]
   (Geom.) The turning factor of a quaternion.

     NOTE: &hand; The change of one vector into another is considered in
     quaternions  as made up of two operations; 1st, the rotation of the
     first  vector  so  that it shall be parallel to the second; 2d, the
     change  of  length  so  that the first vector shall be equal to the
     second. That which expresses in amount and kind the first operation
     is a versor, and is denoted geometrically by a line at right angles
     to  the plane in which the rotation takes place, the length of this
     line  being  proportioned  to  the  amount  of rotation. That which
     expresses  the  second  operation  is  a tensor. The product of the
     versor  and  tensor  expresses the total operation, and is called a
     quaternion. See Quaternion.

   Quadrantal versor. See under Quadrantal.

                                     Verst

   Verst  (?),  n.  [Russ.  versta:  cf. F. verste.] A Russian measure of
   length containing 3,500 English feet. [Written also werst.]

                                    Versual

   Ver"su*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to a verse.

                                    Versus

   Ver"sus  (?),  prep.  [L.,  toward,  turned  in the direction of, from
   vertere,  versum,  to  turn.  See Verse.] Against; as, John Doe versus
   Richard  Roe; -- chiefly used in legal language, and abbreviated to v.
   or vs.

                                    Versute

   Ver*sute" (?), a. [L. versutus, fr. vertere, versum, to turn.] Crafty;
   wily; cunning; artful. [R.]

                                     Vert

   Vert (?), n. [F., green, from L. viridis. See Verdant, and cf. Verd.]

   1.  (Eng.  Forest  Law)  (a)  Everything that grows, and bears a green
   leaf,  within the forest; as, to preserve vert and venison is the duty
   of the verderer. (b) The right or privilege of cutting growing wood.

   2.  (Her.)  The  color green, represented in a drawing or engraving by
   parallel lines sloping downward toward the right.

                                   Verteber

   Ver"te*ber (?), n. A vertebra. [Obs.]

                                   Vertebra

   Ver"te*bra  (?), n.; pl. Vertebr\'91 (#). [L. vertebra, fr. vertere to
   turn, change. See Verse.]

   1. (Anat.) One of the serial segments of the spinal column.

     NOTE: &hand; In   ma  ny fi  shes th  e ve  rtebr\'91 ar  e si mple
     cartilaginous   disks   or  short  cylinders,  but  in  the  higher
     vertebrates they are composed of many parts, and the vertebr\'91 in
     different  portions  of  the  same  column  vary  very  greatly.  A
     well-developed   vertebra  usually  consists  of  a  more  or  less
     cylindrical  and  solid  body,  or  centrum,  which  is  surmounted
     dorsally  by  an arch, leaving an opening which forms a part of the
     canal containing the spinal cord. From this dorsal, or neural, arch
     spring various processes, or apophyses, which have received special
     names:   a   dorsal,   or   neural,   spine,  spinous  process,  or
     neurapophysis,  on  the  middle  of  the arch; two anterior and two
     posterior  articular  processes,  or  zygapophyses;  and one or two
     transverse  processes on each side. In those vertebr\'91 which bear
     well-developed ribs, a tubercle near the end of the rib articulates
     at  a  tubercular  facet  on  the transverse process (diapophysis),
     while  the  end,  or head, of the rib articulates at a more ventral
     capitular  facet  which  is  sometimes  developed into a second, or
     ventral,  transverse  process  (parapophysis).  In vertebrates with
     well-developed  hind  limbs, the spinal column is divided into five
     regions  in each of which the vertebr\'91 are specially designated:
     those  vertebr\'91  in front of, or anterior to, the first vertebra
     which bears ribs connected with the sternum are cervical; all those
     which  bear  ribs and are back of the cervicals are dorsal; the one
     or  more  directly  supporting  the  pelvis are sacral and form the
     sacrum;  those  between  the  sacral and dorsal are lumbar; and all
     those back of the sacral are caudal, or coccygeal. In man there are
     seven  cervical  vertebr\'91,  twelve  dorsal,  five  lumbar,  five
     sacral,  and  usually  four,  but  sometimes five and rarely three,
     coccygeal.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) One of the central ossicles in each joint of the arms of
   an ophiuran.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1605

                                   Vertebral

   Ver"te*bral (?), a. [Cf. F. vert\'82bral.]

   1. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to a vertebr\'91, or the vertebral column;
   spinal; rachidian.

   2. Vertebrate.

                                   Vertebral

   Ver"te*bral, n. (Zo\'94l.) A vertebrate. [R.]

                                  Vertebrally

   Ver"te*bral*ly,  adv.  (Anat.) At or within a vertebra or vertebr\'91;
   -- distinguished from interverterbrally.

                                Vertebrarterial

   Ver`te*brar*te"ri*al (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to a vertebr\'91
   and  an artery; -- said of the foramina in the transverse processes of
   cervical  vertebr\'91  and  of  the  canal  which  they  form  for the
   vertebral artery and vein.

                                  Vertebrata

   Ver`te*bra"ta  (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the grand divisions
   of  the  animal  kingdom,  comprising all animals that have a backbone
   composed of bony or cartilaginous vertebr\'91, together with Amphioxus
   in  which the backbone is represented by a simple undivided notochord.
   The  Vertebrata  always  have  a  dorsal,  or neural, cavity above the
   notochord  or  backbone,  and a ventral, or visceral, cavity below it.
   The   subdivisions  or  classes  of  Vertebrata  are  Mammalia,  Aves,
   Reptilia, Amphibia, Pisces, Marsipobranchia, and Leptocardia.

                                  Vertebrate

   Ver"te*brate (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Vertebrata.

                            Vertebrate, Vertebrated

   Ver"te*brate (?), Ver"te*bra`ted (?), a. [L. vertebratus.]

   1.  (Anat.)  Having  a  backbone,  or vertebral column, containing the
   spinal marrow, as man, quadrupeds, birds, amphibia, and fishes.

   2.  (Bot.)  Contracted  at  intervals,  so as to resemble the spine in
   animals. Henslow.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) Having movable joints resembling vertebr\'91; -- said of
   the arms ophiurans.

   4.  (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Vertebrata; -- used only in the
   form vertebrate.

                                   Vertebre

   Ver"te*bre (?), n. (Anat.) A vertebra. [Obs.]

                                   Vertebro-

   Ver"te*bro-  (?).  A  combining  form  used  in  anatomy  to  indicate
   connection with, or relation to, a vertebra, vertebr\'91, or vertebral
   column; as in vertebrocostal.

                                Vertebro-iliac

   Ver"te*bro-il"i*ac (?), a. (Anat.) Iliolumbar.

                                    Vertex

   Ver"tex (?), n.; pl. Vertexes (#), L. Vertices (#). [L. vertex, -icis,
   a  whirl,  top  of  the  head,  top, summit, from vertere to turn. See
   Verse,  and  cf.  Vortex.]  A  turning point; the principal or highest
   point; top; summit; crown; apex. Specifically: -- (a) (Anat.) The top,
   or  crown,  of  the  head. (b) (Anat.) The zenith, or the point of the
   heavens  directly  overhead.  (c)  (Math.)  The  point  in  any figure
   opposite  to,  and  farthest  from, the base; the terminating point of
   some  particular line or lines in a figure or a curve; the top, or the
   point opposite the base.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e pr incipal ve rtex of  a conic section is, in the
     parabola,  the  vertex  of  the  axis of the curve: in the ellipse,
     either  extremity  of either axis, but usually the left-hand vertex
     of  the  transverse  axis;  in  the  hyperbola,  either vertex, but
     usually the right-hand vertex of the transverse axis.

   Vertex  of  a  curve (Math.), the point in which the axis of the curve
   intersects  it.  -- Vertex of an angle (Math.), the point in which the
   sides  of  the  angle  meet.  -- Vertex of a solid, OR of a surface of
   revolution (Math.), the point in which the axis pierces the surface.

                                   Vertical

   Ver"ti*cal (?), a. [Cf. F. vertical. See Vertex.]

   1.  Of or pertaining to the vertex; situated at the vertex, or highest
   point; directly overhead, or in the zenith; perpendicularly above one.

     Charity . . . is the vertical top of all religion. Jer. Taylor.

   2.  Perpendicular  to  the plane of the horizon; upright; plumb; as, a
   vertical line.
   Vertical  angle  (Astron.  &  Geod.),  an angle measured on a vertical
   circle,  called an angle of elevation, or altitude, when reckoned from
   the horizon upward, and of depression when downward below the horizon.
   --  Vertical anthers (Bot.), such anthers as stand erect at the top of
   the  filaments.  --  Vertical circle (Astron.), an azimuth circle. See
   under  Azimuth.  --  Vertical  drill,  an drill. See under Upright. --
   Vertical  fire  (Mil.),  the  fire,  as  of mortars, at high angles of
   elevation. -- Vertical leaves (Bot.), leaves which present their edges
   to  the  earth  and the sky, and their faces to the horizon, as in the
   Australian  species  of  Eucalyptus. -- Vertical limb, a graduated arc
   attached  to  an  instrument,  as a theodolite, for measuring vertical
   angles.  --  Vertical  line. (a) (Dialing) A line perpendicular to the
   horizon.  (b)  (Conic  Sections)  A  right  line drawn on the vertical
   plane,  and  passing  through  the vertex of the cone. (c) (Surv.) The
   direction  of  a  plumb  line;  a  line normal to the surface of still
   water.  (d)  (Geom.,  Drawing, etc.) A line parallel to the sides of a
   page  or  sheet, in distinction from a horizontal line parallel to the
   top or bottom. -- Vertical plane. (a) (Conic Sections) A plane passing
   through  the vertex of a cone, and through its axis. (b) (Projections)
   Any plane which passes through a vertical line. (c) (Persp.) The plane
   passing  through  the  point of sight, and perpendicular to the ground
   plane,  and  also  to the picture. -- Vertical sash, a sash sliding up
   and  down. Cf. French sash, under 3d Sash. -- Vertical steam engine, a
   steam  engine  having  the  crank  shaft  vertically  above or below a
   vertical cylinder.

                                   Vertical

   Ver"ti*cal, n.

   1. Vertical position; zenith. [R.]

   2. (Math.) A vertical line, plane, or circle.
   Prime vertical, Prime vertical dial. See under Prime, a.

                                  Verticality

   Ver`ti*cal"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being vertical;
   verticalness. [R.]

     The different points of the verticality. Sir T. Browne.

                                  Vertically

   Ver"ti*cal*ly  (?), adv. In a vertical manner, position, or direction;
   perpendicularly;  as,  to  look  down  vertically;  to  raise  a thing
   vertically.

                                 Verticalness

   Ver"ti*cal*ness, n. Quality or state of being vertical.

                                   Verticil

   Ver"ti*cil  (?),  n.  [L.  verticillus, dim. of vertex a whirl: cf. F.
   verticille.  See  Vertex.] (Bot.) A circle either of leaves or flowers
   about a stem at the same node; a whorl. [Written also verticel.]

                                Verticillaster

   Ver`ti*cil*las"ter  (?), a. [NL., fr. L. verticillus a whirl + aster a
   star.]  (Bot.)  A  whorl  of  flowers  apparently  of one cluster, but
   composed  of  two  opposite axillary cymes, as in mint. See Illust. of
   Whorl.

                       Verticillate; 277, Verticillated

   Ver*tic"il*late  (?;  277),  Ver*tic"il*la`ted (?), a. [See Verticil.]
   (Bot.  &  Zo\'94l.)  Arranged in a transverse whorl or whorls like the
   rays  of  a  wheel; as, verticillate leaves of a plant; a verticillate
   shell.

                                  Verticillus

   Ver`ti*cil"lus (?), n. [L., a whirl.] (Bot.) A whorl; a verticil.

                                   Verticity

   Ver*tic"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. verticit\'82. See Vertex.] The quality or
   power of turning; revolution; rotation. [R.] Locke.

     I  hardly believe he hath from elder times unknown the verticity of
     the loadstone. Sir T. Browne.

                                   Verticle

   Ver"ti*cle  (?),  n. [L. verticula a joint.] An axis; hinge; a turning
   point. E. Waterhouse.

                                  Vertiginate

   Ver*tig"i*nate (?), a. Turned round; giddy. [R.] Coleridge.

                                  Vertiginous

   Ver*tig"i*nous  (?),  a.  [L.  vertiginosus,  fr.  vertigo  a whirling
   around, giddiness: cf. F. vertigineux. See Vertig.]

   1. Turning round; whirling; rotary; revolving; as, vertiginous motion.

     Some vertiginous whirl of fortune. De Quincey.

   2. Affected with vertigo; giddy; dizzy.

     They  [the  angels] grew vertiginous, and fell from the battlements
     of heaven. Jer. Taylor.

   -- Ver*tig"i*nous*ly, adv. -- Ver*tig"i*nous*ness, n.

                                    Vertigo

   Ver"ti*go  (?;  277), n; pl. E. Vertigoes (#), L. Vertigines (#). [L.,
   fr. vertere to turn. See Verse.]

   1.  (Med.) Dizziness or swimming of the head; an affection of the head
   in  which  objects,  though  stationary,  appear  to  move  in various
   directions,  and the person affected finds it difficult to maintain an
   erect posture; giddiness. Quian.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  numerous  species  of  small land snails
   belonging  to the genus Vertigo, having an elongated or conical spiral
   shell and usually teeth in the aperture.

                                  Vertilinear

   Ver`ti*lin"e*ar  (?),  a.  [Vertical + linear.] Straight; rectilinear.
   [R.]

                                     Vertu

   Ver"tu (?), n.

   1. Virtue; power. See Virtue. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. See Virtu.

                                   Vertuous

   Ver"tu*ous (?), a. Virtuous; powerful. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                 Verumontanum

   Ver`u*mon*ta"num  (?), n. [NL.] (Anat.) An elevation, or crest, in the
   wall of the urethra where the seminal ducts enter it.

     NOTE: &hand; This is sometimes written veru montanum.

                                    Vervain

   Ver"vain  (?),  n.  [OE.  verveine,  F.  verveine, fr. L. verbena, pl.
   verbenae sacred boughs of laurel, olive, or myrtle, a class of plants;
   cf.  verbenaca  vervain.  Cf.  Verbena.] (Bot.) Any plant of the genus
   Verbena. Vervain mallow (Bot.), a species of mallow (Malva Alcea) with
   rose-colored flowers.

                                     Verve

   Verve,  n.  [F.]  Excitement  of  imagination such as animates a poet,
   artist,  or musician, in composing or performing; rapture; enthusiasm;
   spirit; energy.

                                    Vervel

   Ver"vel (?), n. See Varvel.

                                    Vervet

   Ver"vet  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  South  African monkey (Cercopithecus
   pygerythrus,  OR  Lelandii). The upper parts are grayish green, finely
   specked with black. The cheeks and belly are reddish white.

                                     Very

   Ver"y  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Verier  (?);  superl. Veriest.] [OE. verai,
   verray,  OF. verai, vrai, F. vrai, (assumed) LL. veracus, for L. verax
   true,  veracious,  fr. verus true; akin to OHG. & OS. w\'ber, G. wahr,
   D.  waar;  perhaps  originally, that is or exists, and akin to E. was.
   Cf.  Aver,  v.  t.,  Veracious,  Verdict, Verity.] True; real; actual;
   veritable.

     Whether thou be my very son Esau or not. Gen. xxvii. 21.

     He  that  covereth  a  transgression  seeketh  love;  but  he  that
     repeateth a matter separateth very friends. Prov. xvii. 9.

     The very essence of truth is plainness and brightness. Milton.

     I  looked on the consideration of public service or public ornament
     to be real and very justice. Burke.

     NOTE: &hand; Ve ry is sometimes used to make the word with which it
     is  connected  emphatic,  and  may  then  be  paraphrased  by same,
     self-same,  itself,  and the like. "The very hand, the very words."
     Shak. "The very rats instinctively have quit it." Shak. "Yea, there
     where very desolation dwells." Milton. Very is used occasionally in
     the  comparative  degree,  and  more frequently in the superlative.
     "Was  not  my  lord  the verier wag of the two?" Shak. "The veriest
     hermit  in  the  nation."  Pope. "He had spoken the very truth, and
     transformed it into the veriest falsehood." Hawthorne.

   Very Reverend. See the Note under Reverend.

                                     Very

   Ver"y  (?),  adv.  In  a high degree; to no small extent; exceedingly;
   excessively;  extremely; as, a very great mountain; a very bright sum;
   a very cold day; the river flows very rapidly; he was very much hurt.

                                    Vesbium

   Ves"bi*um  (?),  n. [NL., from L. Vesuvius, contr. Vesbius, Vesuvius.]
   (Chem.)  A  rare metallic element of which little is known. It is said
   by  Scacchi  to have been extracted from a yellowish incrustation from
   the cracks of a Vesuvian lava erupted in 1631.

                                     Vese

   Vese  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Frese, n.] Onset; rush; violent draught or wind.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Vesica

   Ve*si"ca  (?),  n.  [L.] A bladder. Vesica piscis. [L., dish bladder.]
   (Eccl.  Art)  A  glory,  or aureole, of oval shape, or composed of two
   arcs of circles usually represented as surrounding a divine personage.
   More  rarely, an oval composed of two arcs not representing a glory; a
   solid oval, etc.

                                    Vesical

   Ves"i*cal (?), a. [L. vesica bladder.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the
   bladder. Dunglison.

                                   Vesicant

   Ves"i*cant  (?),  n. [L. vesica blister: cf. F. v\'82sicant.] (Med.) A
   vesicatory.

                                   Vesicate

   Ves"i*cate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Vesicated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vesicating.]  [See  Vesicant.]  (Med.)  To  raise  little  bladders or
   blisters  upon;  to  inflame  and separate the cuticle of; to blister.
   Wiseman.

                                  Vesication

   Ves`i*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. v\'82sication.] (Med.) The process of
   vesicating, or of raising blisters.

                                  Vesicatory

   Ves"i*ca*to*ry  (?;  277), a. [Cf. F. v\'82sicatoire.] (Med.) Tending,
   or having power, to raise a blister. -- n. A blistering application or
   plaster; a vesicant; an epispastic.

                                    Vesicle

   Ves"i*cle  (?),  n.  [L.  vesicula, dim. of vesica a bladder, blister;
   akin to Skr. vasti bladder: cf. F. v\'82sicule.] A bladderlike vessel;
   a  membranous  cavity;  a  cyst; a cell. Specifically: -- (a) (Bot.) A
   small  bladderlike  body  in  the  substance of vegetable, or upon the
   surface  of  a  leaf.  (b)  (Med.) A small, and more or less circular,
   elevation of the cuticle, containing a clear watery fluid. (c) (Anat.)
   A  cavity  or sac, especially one filled with fluid; as, the umbilical
   vesicle.  (d)  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small  convex  hollow  prominence on the
   surface  of  a  shell  or  a coral. (e) (Geol.) A small cavity, nearly
   spherical  in  form, and usually of the size of a pea or smaller, such
   as  are  common  in  some  volcanic  rocks.  They  are produced by the
   liberation of watery vapor in the molten mass.

                                    Vesico-

   Ves"i*co- (?). A combining form used in anatomy to indicate connection
   with, or relation to, the bla; as in vesicoprostatic, vesicovaginal. 

                                Vesicoprostatic

   Ves`i*co*pro*stat"ic  (?),  a.  (Anat.) Of a pertaining to the bladder
   and the prostrate gland.

                                 Vesicouterine

   Ves`i*co*u"ter*ine (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the bladder and
   the uterus.

                                 Vesicovaginal

   Ves`i*co*vag"i*nal (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the bladder and
   the vagina.

                                   Vesicula

   Ve*sic"u*la  (?), n.; pl. Vesicul\'91 . [L., dim. of vesica.] (Anat. &
   Med.) A vesicle.

                                   Vesicular

   Ve*sic"u*lar (?), a. [Cf. F. v\'82siculaire.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to vesicles; esp., of or pertaining to the air
   vesicles,  or  air  cells,  of  the lungs; as, vesicular breathing, or
   normal  breathing,  in which the air enters freely the air vesicles of
   the lungs.

   2.  Containing,  or  composed  of, vesicles or vesiclelike structures;
   covered  with  vesicles  or bladders; vesiculate; as, vesicular coral;
   vesicular lava; a vesicular leaf.

   3. Having the form or structure of a vesicle; as, a vesicular body.
   Vesicular  column  (Anat.), a series of nerve cells forming one of the
   tracts  distinguished  in  the  spinal;  -- also called the ganglionic
   column.  --  Vesicular  emphysema  (Med.),  emphysema of the lungs, in
   which  the  air  vesicles  are  distended and their walls ruptured. --
   Vesicular  murmur  (Med.),  the  sound, audible on auscultation of the
   chest,  made  by  the air entering and leaving the air vesicles of the
   lungs in respiration.

                                  Vesicularia

   Ve*sic`u*la"ri*a  (?),  n.  [NL.  See  Vesicle.] (Zo\'94l.) Any one of
   numerous species of marine Bryozoa belonging to Vesicularia and allied
   genera.  They  have  delicate  tubular  cells  attached in clusters to
   slender flexible stems.

                                  Vesiculata

   Ve*sic`u*la"ta   (?),   n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Vesicle.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The
   campanularian medus\'91.

                                  Vesiculate

   Ve*sic"u*late  (?),  a.  Bladdery; full of, or covered with, bladders;
   vesicular.

                                  Vesiculate

   Ve*sic"u*late (?), v. t. To form vesicles in, as lava.

                                 Vesiculation

   Ve*sic`u*la"tion  (?), n. (Geol.) The state of containing vesicles, or
   the process by which vesicles are formed.

                            Vesiculose, Vesiculous

   Ve*sic"u*lose`  (?),  Ve*sic"u*lous  (?),  a.  [L. vesiculosus: cf. F.
   v\'82siculeux.] Bladdery; vesicular; vesiculate; composed of vesicles;
   covered with vesicles; as, a vesiculose shell.

                                     Vespa

   Ves"pa (?), n. [L., wasp.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of Hymenoptera including
   the common wasps and hornets.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1606

                                    Vesper

   Ves"per  (?), n. [L., the evening, the evening star, the west; akin to
   Gr.  west.  Cf.  Hesperian, Vespers.] The evening star; Hesper; Venus,
   when seen after sunset; hence, the evening. Shak.

                                    Vesper

   Ves"per,  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to the evening, or to the service of
   vespers;  as,  a  vesper hymn; vesper bells. Vesper sparrow, the grass
   finch. See under Grass.

                                   Vesperal

   Ves"per*al (?), a. Vesper; evening. [R.]

                                    Vespers

   Ves"pers (?), n.; pl. [OF. vespres, F. v\'88pres, LL. vesperae, fr. L.
   vespera  evening.  See  Vesper,  n.] (R. C. Ch.) (a) One of the little
   hours  of  the  Breviary.  (b)  The  evening song or service. Sicilian
   vespers. See under Sicilian, a.

                                  Vespertilio

   Ves`per*til"i*o  (?),  n.  [L.,  a  bat.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A genus of bats
   including  some  of  the  common  small insectivorous species of North
   America and Europe.

                                Vespertiliones

   Ves`per*til`i*o"nes  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A tribe of bats
   including  the  common  insectivorous  bats  of  America  and  Europe,
   belonging to Vespertilio and allied genera. They lack a nose membrane.

                                Vespertilionine

   Ves`per*til`i*o"nine  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Of  or  pertaining  to the
   Vespertiliones.

                                  Vespertinal

   Ves"per*ti`nal (?), a. Vespertine. Lowell.

                                  Vespertine

   Ves"per*tine (?), a. [L. vespertinus. See Vesper.]

   1. Of or pertaining to the evening; happening or being in the evening.
   Gray.

   2. (Bot.) Blossoming in the evening.

                                   Vespiary

   Ves"pi*a*ry  (?),  n.  [L.  vespa  a  wasp.] A nest, or habitation, of
   insects of the wasp kind.

                                   Vespillo

   Ves*pil"lo  (?),  n.;  pl.  Vespilloes (#). [L.] (Rom. Antiq.) One who
   carried out the dead bodies of the poor at night for burial.

     Like vespilloes or grave makers. Sir T. Browne.

                                    Vessel

   Ves"sel,  n.  [OF.  vessel,  veissel, vaissel, vaissiel, F. vascellum,
   dim. of vasculum, dim. of vas a vessel. Cf. Vascular, Vase.]

   1.  A  hollow  or  concave  utensil  for  holding  anything;  a hollow
   receptacle of any kind, as a hogshead, a barrel, a firkin, a bottle, a
   kettle, a cup, a bowl, etc.

     [They drank] out of these noble vessels. Chaucer.

   2.  A  general  name  for  any hollow structure made to float upon the
   water  for purposes of navigation; especially, one that is larger than
   a common rowboat; as, a war vessel; a passenger vessel.

     [He] began to build a vessel of huge bulk. Milton.

   3.  Fig.: A person regarded as receiving or containing something; esp.
   (Script.),  one into whom something is conceived as poured, or in whom
   something is stored for use; as, vessels of wrath or mercy.

     He is a chosen vessel unto me. Acts ix. 15.

     [The  serpent]  fit vessel, fittest imp of fraud, in whom To enter.
     Milton.

   4.  (Anat.)  Any  tube or canal in which the blood or other fluids are
   contained,   secreted,   or   circulated,   as  the  arteries,  veins,
   lymphatics, etc.

   5.  (Bot.)  A continuous tube formed from superposed large cylindrical
   or  prismatic  cells  (trache\'91),  which have lost their intervening
   partitions,  and are usually marked with dots, pits, rings, or spirals
   by internal deposition of secondary membranes; a duct.
   Acoustic  vessels.  See  under Acoustic. -- Weaker vessel, a woman; --
   now  applied  humorously.  "Giving  honor  unto  the wife, as unto the
   weaker vessel." 1 Peter iii. 7. "You are the weaker vessel." Shak.
   
                                    Vessel
                                       
   Ves"sel, v. t. To put into a vessel. [Obs.] Bacon.
   
                                   Vesselful
                                       
   Ves"sel*ful  (?), n.; pl. Vesselfuls (. As much as a vessel will hold;
   enough to fill a vessel.
   
                                Vesses, Vessets
                                       
   Ves"ses  (?),  Ves"sets  (?),  n.  A  kind of worsted; also, a worsted
   cloth. [Prov. Eng.]
   
                             Vessicnon, Vessignon
                                       
   Ves"sic*non  (?),  Ves"sig*non  (?),  n. [F. vessigon, fr. L. vesica a
   bladder,  blister.]  (Far.)  A  soft  swelling  on  a  horse's  leg; a
   windgall. 

                                     Vest

   Vest  (?),  n. [L. vestis a garment, vesture; akin to Goth. wasti, and
   E.  wear:  cf.  F.  veste.  See  Wear  to carry on the person, and cf.
   Divest, Invest, Travesty.]

   1.  An  article  of  clothing covering the person; an outer garment; a
   vestment; a dress; a vesture; a robe.

     In state attended by her maiden train, Who bore the vests that holy
     rites require. Dryden.

   2. Any outer covering; array; garb.

     Not seldom clothed in radiant vest Deceitfully goes forth the morn.
     Wordsworth.

   3.  Specifically,  a  waistcoat,  or sleeveless body garment, for men,
   worn  under the coat. Syn. -- Garment; vesture; dress; robe; vestment;
   waistcoat. -- Vest, Waistcoat. In England, the original word waistcoat
   is  generally  used  for  the  body  garment  worn  over the shirt and
   immediately  under  the  coat.  In  the  United States this garment is
   commonly called a vest, and the waistcoat is often improperly given to
   an under-garment.

                                     Vest

   Vest,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Vested; p. pr. & vb. n. Vesting.] [Cf. L.
   vestire, vestitum, OF. vestir, F. v\'88tir. See Vest, n.]

   1.  To  clothe  with, or as with, a vestment, or garment; to dress; to
   robe; to cover, surround, or encompass closely.

     Came vested all in white, pure as her mind. Milton.

     With ether vested, and a purple sky. Dryden.

   2. To clothe with authority, power, or the like; to put in possession;
   to  invest; to furnish; to endow; -- followed by with before the thing
   conferred;  as,  to  vest  a court with power to try cases of life and
   death.

     Had I been vested with the monarch's power. Prior.

   3.  To  place or give into the possession or discretion of some person
   or  authority;  to commit to another; -- with in before the possessor;
   as,  the  power  of  life  and  death is vested in the king, or in the
   courts.

     Empire and dominion was [were] vested in him. Locke.

   4.  To  invest;  to  put; as, to vest money in goods, land, or houses.
   [R.]

   5.  (Law)  To  clothe  with  possession;  as, to vest a person with an
   estate;  also, to give a person an immediate fixed right of present or
   future enjoyment of; as, an estate is vested in possession. Bouvier.

                                     Vest

   Vest  (?), v. i. To come or descend; to be fixed; to take effect, as a
   title or right; -- followed by in; as, upon the death of the ancestor,
   the estate, or the right to the estate, vests in the heir at law.

                                     Vesta

   Ves"ta  (?),  n.  [L.  Vesta,  akin  to Gr. ush to burn (see East), or
   perhaps to Skr. vas to dwell, and E. was.]

   1.  (Rom.  Myth.)  One  of the great divinities of the ancient Romans,
   identical  with the Greek Hestia. She was a virgin, and the goddess of
   the hearth; hence, also, of the fire on it, and the family round it.

   2.  (Astron.)  An  asteroid,  or minor planet, discovered by Olbers in
   1807.

   3. A wax friction match. Simmonds.

                                    Vestal

   Ves"tal  (?),  a. [L. Vestalis belonging to Vesta, vestal. See Vesta.]
   Of  or  pertaining  to Vesta, the virgin goddess of the hearth; hence,
   pure; chaste.

                                    Vestal

   Ves"tal, n. [L. Vestalis (sc. virgo): cf. F. vestale. See Vestal, a.]

   1.  (Rom. Antiq.) A virgin consecrated to Vesta, and to the service of
   watching  the  sacred  fire,  which was to be perpetually kept burning
   upon her altar.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e Ve stals were originally four, but afterward six,
     in number. Their term of service lasted thirty years, the period of
     admission being from the sixth to the tenth year of the candidate's
     age.

   2. A virgin; a woman pure and chaste; also, a nun.

     How happy is the blameless vestal's lot! Pope.

                                   Vestales

   Ves*ta"les  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Vestal.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A group of
   butterflies  including  those  known  as  virgins,  or gossamer-winged
   butterflies.

                                    Vested

   Vest"ed (?), a.

   1. Clothed; robed; wearing vestments. "The vested priest." Milton.

   2.  (Law)  Not  in  a  state  of contingency or suspension; fixed; as,
   vested rights; vested interests.
   Vested  legacy  (Law),  a  legacy  the  right  to  which  commences in
   pr\'91senti, and does not depend on a contingency; as, a legacy to one
   to  be  paid  when  he  attains to twenty-one years of age is a vested
   legacy,   and   if   the   legatee   dies  before  the  testator,  his
   representative  shall  receive  it.  Blackstone.  --  Vested remainder
   (Law),  an estate settled, to remain to a determined person, after the
   particular estate is spent. Blackstone. Kent. 

                                  Vestiarian

   Ves`ti*a"ri*an  (?), a. [See Vestiary.] Of or pertaining to a vestiary
   or vestments.

                                   Vestiary

   Ves"ti*a*ry  (?), n. [L. vestiarium. See Vestry.] A wardrobe; a robing
   room; a vestry. Fuller.

                                   Vestiary

   Ves"ti*a*ry, a. Pertaining to clothes, or vestments.

                                  Vestibular

   Ves*tib"u*lar  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  vestibule;  like a
   vestibule.

                                   Vestibule

   Ves"ti*bule  (?),  n.  [L.  vestibulum,  of  uncertain  origin: cf. F.
   vestibule.]  The porch or entrance into a house; a hall or antechamber
   next  the  entrance;  a  lobby; a porch; a hall. Vestibule of the ear.
   (Anat.) See under Ear. -- Vestibule of the vulva (Anat.), a triangular
   space  between  the  nymph\'91, in which the orifice of the urethra is
   situated.  --  Vestibule  train (Railroads), a train of passenger cars
   having  the  space between the end doors of adjacent cars inclosed, so
   as   to   admit   of   leaving   the   doors   open   to  provide  for
   intercommunication  between  all  the  cars. Syn. -- Hall; passage. --
   Vestibule,  Hall, Passage. A vestibule is a small apartment within the
   doors  of  a  building. A hall is the first large apartment beyond the
   vestibule,  and,  in  the  United  States,  is  often long and narrow,
   serving  as  a passage to the several apartments. In England, the hall
   is generally square or oblong, and a long, narrow space of entrance is
   called  a  passage, not a hall, as in America. Vestibule is often used
   in  a figurative sense to denote a place of entrance. "The citizens of
   Rome  placed  the images of their ancestors in the vestibules of their
   houses." Bolingbroke 

                                  Vestibulum

   Ves*tib"u*lum  (?), n.; pl. Vestibula (#). [L., vestibule.] (Zo\'94l.)
   A  cavity  into  which,  in  certain bryozoans, the esophagus and anus
   open.

                                   Vestigate

   Ves"ti*gate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  vestigatus,  p.  p.  of vestigare. See
   Vestige.] To investigate. [Obs.]

                                    Vestige

   Ves"tige  (?),  n.  [F., from L. vestigium footprint, trace, sign; the
   last   part  (-stigium)  is  probably  akin  to  E.  sty,  v.  i.  Cf.
   Investigate.]  The  mark  of  the  foot  left on the earth; a track or
   footstep; a trace; a sign; hence, a faint mark or visible sign left by
   something  which  is  lost,  or has perished, or is no longer present;
   remains; as, the vestiges of ancient magnificence in Palmyra; vestiges
   of former population.

     What vestiges of liberty or property have they left? Burke.

     Ridicule  has followed the vestiges of Truth, but never usurped her
     place. Landor.

   Syn. -- Trace; mark; sign; token. -- Vestige, Trace. These words agree
   in  marking some indications of the past, but differ to some extent in
   their  use  and  application.  Vestige is used chiefly in a figurative
   sense, for the remains something long passed away; as, the vestiges of
   ancient  times;  vestiges  of  the  creation.  A  trace  is  literally
   something  drawn  out  in  a line, and may be used in this its primary
   sense, or figuratively, to denote a sign or evidence left by something
   that  has passed by, or ceased to exist. Vestige usually supposes some
   definite  object of the past to be left behind; while a trace may be a
   mere  indication  that  something  has been present or is present; as,
   traces of former population; a trace of poison in a given substance.

                                   Vestigial

   Ves*tig"i*al  (?), a. Of or pertaining to a vestige or remnant; like a
   vestige.

                                    Vesting

   Vest"ing (?), n. Cloth for vests; a vest pattern.

                                   Vestiture

   Ves"ti*ture (?; 135), n. [See Vesture.] In vestiture. [R.]

                                    Vestlet

   Vest"let (?), n. [Dim. of vest.] (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species
   of  actinians  belonging to the genus Cerianthus. These animals have a
   long,  smooth  body  tapering to the base, and two separate circles of
   tentacles around the mouth. They form a tough, flexible, feltlike tube
   with a smooth internal lining, in which they dwell, whence the name.

                                   Vestment

   Vest"ment (?), n. [OE. vestement, vestiment, OF. vestement, vestiment,
   F.  v\'88tement, fr. L. vestimentum, fr. vestire to clothe, fr. vestis
   a  garment,  clothing.  See Vest.] A covering or garment; some part of
   clothing  or dress; specifically (Eccl.), any priestly garment. "Royal
   vestiment." Chaucer. "Priests in holy vestments." Shak.

     The  sculptor  could  not give vestments suitable to the quality of
     the persons represented. Dryden.

                                    Vestry

   Ves"try  (?),  n.;  pl.  Vestries  (#). [OE. vestrye, F. vestiaire, L.
   vestiarium, fr. vestiarius belonging to clothes, fr. vestis a garment.
   See Vest, n., and cf. Vestiary.]

   1.  A  room  appendant  to a church, in which sacerdotal vestments and
   sacred  utensils are sometimes kept, and where meetings for worship or
   parish business are held; a sacristy; -- formerly called revestiary.

     He  said  unto  him that was over the vestry, Bring forth vestments
     for all the worshipers of Baal. 2 Kings x. 22.

   2.  (Ch.  of  Eng.)  A  parochial assembly; an assembly of persons who
   manage  parochial  affairs;  --  so  called  because usually held in a
   vestry.

   3. (Prot. Epis. Ch.) A body, composed of wardens and vestrymen, chosen
   annually by a parish to manage its temporal concerns.
   Metropolitan  vestry,  in  the  city  of London, and certain specified
   parishes  and  places  in England, a body composed of householders who
   pay  poor  rates.  Its  duties include the repair of churches, care of
   highways,  the appointment of certain officers, etc. -- Select vestry,
   a  select  number  of  persons  chosen  in  large and populous English
   parishes  to  represent  and manage the concerns of the parish for one
   year. Mozley & W. -- Vestry board (Ch. of Eng.), a vestry. See def. 2,
   above.  --  Vestry clerk, an officer chosen by the vestry, who keeps a
   record  of its proceedings; also, in England, one who keeps the parish
   accounts  and  books.  --  Vestry  meeting, the meeting of a vestry or
   vestry  board;  also,  a meeting of a parish held in a vestry or other
   place.

                                   Vestryman

   Ves"try*man (?), n.; pl. Vestrymen (. A member of a vestry; especially
   (Prot. Epis. Ch.), a member other than a warden. See Vestry.

                                    Vesture

   Ves"ture  (?;  135),  n.  [OF.  vesture,  vesteure,  F. v\'88ture, LL.
   vestitura,  from L. vestire to clothe, dress. See Vest, v. t., and cf.
   Vestiture.]

   1.  A garment or garments; a robe; clothing; dress; apparel; vestment;
   covering; envelope. Piers Plowman.

     Approach, and kiss her sacred vesture's hem. Milton.

     Rocks,  precipices,  and gulfs, appareled with a vesture of plants.
     Bentley.

     There polished chests embroidered vestures graced. Pope.

   2.  (O.  Eng. Law) (a) The corn, grass, underwood, stubble, etc., with
   which  land  was  covered;  as,  the  vesture  of an acre. (b) Seizin;
   possession.

                                   Vestured

   Ves"tured   (?),   a.  Covered  with  vesture  or  garments;  clothed;
   enveloped.

     We be vestured with poor cloth. Ld. Berners.

                                   Vesuvian

   Ve*su"vi*an  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  V\'82suvien,  It.  Vesuviano.]  Of or
   pertaining to Vesuvius, a volcano near Naples.

                                   Vesuvian

   Ve*su"vi*an, n. [G. vesuvian. See Vesuvian, a.] (Min.) Vesuvianite.

                                  Vesuvianite

   Ve*su"vi*an*ite  (?),  n.  (Min.)  A  mineral  occurring in tetragonal
   crystals,  and also massive, of a brown to green color, rarely sulphur
   yellow  and  blue. It is a silicate of alumina and lime with some iron
   magnesia, and is common at Vesuvius. Also called idocrase.

                                   Vesuvine

   Ve*su"vine  (?),  n.  A  trade name for a brown dyestuff obtained from
   certain basic azo compounds of benzene; -- called also Bismarck brown,
   Manchester brown, etc.

                                     Vetch

   Vetch  (?),  n.  [Also fitch; OE. ficche, feche, for veche, OF. veche,
   vecce,  vesche,  vesce, F. vesce, fr. L. vicia.] (Bot.) Any leguminous
   plant  of  the  genus  Vicia,  some  species of which are valuable for
   fodder. The common species is V. sativa.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e na me is  al so ap plied to many other leguminous
     plants  of  different  genera; as the chichling vetch, of the genus
     Lathyrus;  the  horse  vetch,  of the genus Hippocrepis; the kidney
     vetch   (Anthyllis  vulneraria);  the  milk  vetch,  of  the  genus
     Astragalus;   the   licorice   vetch,   or   wild  licorice  (Abrus
     precatorius).

                                   Vetchling

   Vetch"ling  (?), n. [Vetch + -ling.] (Bot.) Any small leguminous plant
   of the genus Lathyrus, especially L. Nissolia.

                                    Vetchy

   Vetch"y (?), a.

   1. Consisting of vetches or of pea straw. "A vetchy bed." Spenser.

   2. Abounding with vetches.

                                    Veteran

   Vet"er*an (?), a. [L. veteranus, from vetus, veteris, old; akin to Gr.
   vatsara.  See  Wether.]  Long  exercised  in  anything,  especially in
   military  life  and  the  duties  of  a  soldier;  long  practiced  or
   experienced; as, a veteran officer or soldier; veteran skill.

     The   insinuating   eloquence  and  delicate  flattery  of  veteran
     diplomatists and courtiers. Macaulay.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1607

                                    Veteran

   Vet"er*an  (?),  n.  [L. veteranus (sc. miles): cf. F. v\'82t\'82ran.]
   One who has been long exercised in any service or art, particularly in
   war; one who has had.

     Ensigns  that  pierced  the foe's remotest lines, The hardy veteran
     with tears resigns. Addison.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e United States, during the civil war, soldiers
     who had served through one term of enlistment and had re\'89nlisted
     were specifically designated veterans.

                                  Veteranize

   Vet"er*an*ize  (?),  v.  i.  To  re\'89nlist for service as a soldier.
   [U.S.] Gen. W. T. Sherman.

                                 Veterinarian

   Vet`er*i*na"ri*an  (?),  n.  [L.  veterinarius.  See  Veterinary.] One
   skilled  in  the  diseases of cattle or domestic animals; a veterinary
   surgeon.

                                  Veterinary

   Vet"er*i*na*ry  (?),  a. [L. veterinarius of or belonging to beasts of
   burden   an   draught,  fr.  veterinus,  probably  originally,  of  or
   pertaining  to  yearlings:  cf.  F.  v\'82t\'82rinaire.  See  Veteran,
   Wether.]  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  art  of healing or treating the
   diseases  of  domestic  animals,  as  oxen, horses, sheep, etc.; as, a
   veterinary writer or school.

                                    Vetiver

   Vet"i*ver  (?), n. (Bot.) An East Indian grass (Andropogon muricatus);
   also,  its  fragrant  roots  which  are  much used for making mats and
   screens.   Also   called  kuskus,  and  khuskhus.  [Sometimes  written
   vetivert, and vitivert.]

                                     Veto

   Ve"to (?), n.; pl. Vetoes (. [L. veto I forbid.]

   1.   An  authoritative  prohibition  or  negative;  a  forbidding;  an
   interdiction.

     This  contemptuous  veto  of her husband's on any intimacy with her
     family. G. Eliot.

   2.  Specifically:  -- (a) A power or right possessed by one department
   of  government  to  forbid  or  prohibit  the carrying out of projects
   attempted  by  another  department;  especially,  in  a constitutional
   government,  a  power  vested  in  the  chief executive to prevent the
   enactment  of  measures passed by the legislature. Such a power may be
   absolute,  as  in  the  case  of the Tribunes of the People in ancient
   Rome,  or  limited,  as  in  the  case  of the President of the United
   States.  Called  also  the  veto  power.  (b)  The  exercise  of  such
   authority; an act of prohibition or prevention; as, a veto is probable
   if  the  bill  passes.  (c)  A  document  or message communicating the
   reasons  of the executive for not officially approving a proposed law;
   -- called also veto message. [U.S.]

     NOTE: &hand; Ve  to is   no  t a  te rm em ployed in  th e Fe deral
     Constitution, but seems to be of popular use only. Abbott.

                                     Veto

   Ve"to,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Vetoed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Vetoing.] To
   prohibit;  to  negative;  also,  to refuse assent to, as a legislative
   bill,  and  thus  prevent  its enactment; as, to veto an appropriation
   bill.

                                    Vetoist

   Ve"to*ist, n. One who uses, or sustains the use of, the veto.

                                    Vettura

   Vet*tu"ra  (?),  n.;  pl.  Vetture  (#).  [It. vettura, fr. L. vectura
   conveyance.  Cf.  Vecture.] An Italian four-wheeled carriage, esp. one
   let for hire; a hackney coach.

                                   Vetturino

   Vet`tu*ri"no (?), n.; pl. Vetturini (#). [It.]

   1. One who lets or drives a vettura.

   2. A vettura.

                                    Vetust

   Ve*tust" (?), a. [L. vetustus old, ancient.] Venerable from antiquity;
   ancient; old. [Obs.]

                                      Vex

   Vex  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vexed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Vexing.] [F.
   vexer,  L.  vexare,  vexatum,  to  vex, originally, to shake, toss, in
   carrying, v. intens. fr. vehere, vectum, to carry. See Vehicle.]

   1. To to

     White curl the waves, and the vexed ocean roars. Pope.

   2.  To  make  angry or annoyed by little provocations; to irritate; to
   plague;  to  torment;  to harass; to afflict; to trouble; to tease. "I
   will not vex your souls." Shak.

     Then thousand torments vex my heart. Prior.

   3. To twist; to weave. [R.]

     Some English wool, vexed in a Belgian loom. Dryden.

   Syn. -- See Tease.

                                      Vex

   Vex, v. i. To be irritated; to fret. [R.] Chapman.

                                   Vexation

   Vex*a"tion (?), n. [L. vexatio: cf. F. vexation.]

   1.  The  act  of  vexing,  or  the  state  of  being vexed; agitation;
   disquiet; trouble; irritation.

     Passions too violent . . . afford us nothing but vexation and pain.
     Sir W. Temple.

     Those  who  saw  him after a defeat looked in vain for any trace of
     vexation. Macaulay.

   2. The cause of trouble or disquiet; affliction.

     Your children were vexation to your youth. Shak.

   3.  A  harassing  by  process  of  law; a vexing or troubling, as by a
   malicious  suit.  Bacon.  Syn.  --  Chagrin; agitation; mortification;
   uneasiness; trouble; grief; sorrow; distress. See Chagrin.

                                   Vexatious

   Vex*a"tious (?), a. [See Vexation.]

   1.  Causing vexation; agitating; afflictive; annoying; as, a vexatious
   controversy; a vexatious neighbor. "Continual vexatious wars." South.

   2. Full or vexation, trouble, or disquiet; disturbed.

     He leads a vexatious life. Sir K. Digby.

   Vexatious  suit  (Law),  a  suit  commenced  for the purpose of giving
   trouble,    or    without    cause.   --   Vex*a"tious*ly,   adv.   --
   Vex*a"tious*ness, n.

                                     Vexed

   Vexed (?), a.

   1. Annoyed; harassed; troubled.

   2.  Much  debated  or  contested;  causing  discussion;  as,  a  vexed
   question.

                                     Vexer

   Vex"er (?), n. One who vexes or troubles.

                                     Vexil

   Vex"il (?), n. A vexillum.

                              Vexillar, Vexillary

   Vex"il*lar  (?), Vex"il*la*ry (?),[Cf. F. vexillaire, L. vexillarius a
   standard bearer.]

   1. Of or pertaining to an ensign or standard.

   2.  (Bot.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  vexillum,  or  upper petal of
   papilionaceous flowers.
   Vexilary  \'91stivation  (Bot.),  a mode of \'91stivation in which one
   large upper petal folds over, and covers, the other smaller petals, as
   in most papilionaceous plants.

                                   Vexillary

   Vex"il*la*ry  (?),  n. [L. vexillarius: cf. F. vexillaire.] A standard
   bearer. Tennyson.

                                  Vexillation

   Vex`il*la"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  vexillatio.] (Rom. Antiq.) A company of
   troops under one vexillum.

                                   Vexillum

   Vex*il"lum (?), n.; pl. Vexilla (#). [L., a standard, a flag.]

   1.  (Rom.  Antiq.)  (a)  A  flag  or standard. (b) A company of troops
   serving under one standard.

   2. (Eccl.) (a) A banner. (b) The sign of the cross.

   3. (Bot.) The upper petal of a papilionaceous flower; the standard.

   4.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  rhachis  and web of a feather taken together; the
   vane.

                                   Vexingly

   Vex"ing*ly  (?),  adv.  In  a  vexing  manner; so as to vex, tease, or
   irritate. Tatler.

                                    V hook

   V"  hook`  (?).  (Steam  Engine) A gab at the end of an eccentric rod,
   with long jaws, shaped like the letter V.

                                      Via

   Vi"a  (?),  n.  [L. See Way.] A road way. Via Lactea [L.] (Anat.), the
   Milky  Way,  or Galaxy. See Galaxy, 1. -- Via media [L.] (Theol.), the
   middle  way;  --  a name applied to their own position by the Anglican
   high-churchmen,  as  being  between the Roman Catholic Church and what
   they term extreme Protestantism.

                                      Via

   Vi"a,  prep. [L., ablative of via way. See Way.] By the way of; as, to
   send a letter via Queenstown to London.

                                   Viability

   Vi`a*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  viable.
   Specifically:  --  (a)  (Law)  The  capacity  of  living  after birth.
   Bouvier.  (b)  The capacity of living, or being distributed, over wide
   geographical limits; as, the viability of a species.

                                    Viable

   Vi"a*ble  (?),  a.  [F.,  from  vie  life,  L. vita. See Vital.] (Law)
   Capable  of  living;  born alive and with such form and development of
   organs  as  to  be  capable  of  living;  --  said  of a newborn, or a
   prematurely born, infant.

     NOTE: &hand; Un less he  [an infant] is born viable, he acquires no
     rights,  and  can not transmit them to his heirs, and is considered
     as if he had never been born. Bouvier.

                                    Viaduct

   Vi`a*duct  (?),  n.  [L.  via  a  way  + -duct, as in aqueduct: cf. F.
   viaduc. See Via, and Aqueduct.] A structure of considerable magnitude,
   usually  with arches or supported on trestles, for carrying a road, as
   a  railroad, high above the ground or water; a bridge; especially, one
   for crossing a valley or a gorge. Cf. Trestlework.

                                     Viage

   Vi"age  (?),  n.  [See  Voyage.]  A voyage; a journey. [Obs.] Chaucer.
   Gower.

                                     Vial

   Vi"al (?), n. [OE. viole, fiole, F. fiole. See Phial.] A small bottle,
   usually  of  glass;  a  little  glass  vessel  with  a narrow aperture
   intended to be closed with a stopper; as, a vial of medicine. [Written
   also phial.]

     Take  thou  this vial, being then in bed, And this distilled liquor
     thou off. Shak.

                                     Vial

   Vi"al,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Vialed (?) or Vialled; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vialing  or  Vialling.]  To  put  in a vial or vials. "Precious vialed
   liquors." Milton.

                                   Viameter

   Vi*am"e*ter  (?),  n.  [L. via a way + -meter.] An odometer; -- called
   also viatometer.

                                     Viand

   Vi"and  (?),  n.  [F. viande meat, food, LL. vianda, vivanda, vivenda,
   properly,  things  to  live  on,  fr. L. vivere to live; akin to vivus
   living. See Vivid, and cf. Victualis.] An article of food; provisions;
   food; victuals; -- used chiefly in the plural. Cowper.

     Viands of various kinds allure the taste. Pope.

                                    Viander

   Vi"and*er  (?),  n. A feeder; an eater; also, one who provides viands,
   or food; a host. [Obs.] Holinshed.

                                   Vi-apple

   Vi"-ap`ple (?), n. See Otaheite apple.

                                     Viary

   Vi"a*ry (?), a. [L. viarius, fr. via a way, road.] Of or pertaining to
   roads; happening on roads. [Obs.]

                                  Viatecture

   Vi"a*tec`ture   (?;   135),   n.   [L.  via  way  +  -tecture,  as  in
   architecture.]  The  art  of  making  roads  or  ways  for  traveling,
   including  the construction of bridges, canals, viaducts, etc. [R.] R.
   Park.

                                    Viatic

   Vi*at"ic  (?),  a.  [L.  viaticus,  fr.  via a way. See Voyage.] Of or
   pertaining to a journey or traveling.

                                   Viaticum

   Vi*at"i*cum (?), n. [L., from viaticus, a. See Viatic.]

   1. (Rom. Antiq.) An allowance for traveling expenses made to those who
   were  sent  into  the  provinces to exercise any office or perform any
   service.

   2. Provisions for a journey. Davies (Wit's Pilgr.).

   3.  (R.  C. Ch.) The communion, or eucharist, when given to persons in
   danger of death.

                                  Viatometer

   Vi`a*tom"e*ter (?), n. A viameter.

                                    Vibices

   Vi*bi"ces  (?),  n. pl. [L., pl. of vibex, -icis, the mark of a blow.]
   (Med.) More or less extensive patches of subcutaneous extravasation of
   blood.

                                  Vibraculum

   Vi*brac"u*lum  (?),  n.; pl. Vibracula (#). [NL., dim. from L. vibrare
   to  vibrate.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the movable, slender, spinelike organs
   or parts with which certain bryozoans are furnished. They are regarded
   as specially modified zooids, of nearly the same nature as Avicularia.

                                   Vibrancy

   Vi"bran*cy (?), n. The state of being vibrant; resonance.

                                    Vibrant

   Vi"brant  (?),  a.  [L. vibrans, p. pr.: cf. F. vibrant. See Vibrate.]
   Vibrating; tremulous; resonant; as, vibrant drums. Longfellow.

                                    Vibrate

   Vi"brate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Vibrate (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vibrating.]  [L.  vibratus, p. p. of vibrare, v. t. & v. i., to snake,
   brandish,  vibrate;  akin to Skr. vip to tremble, Icel. veifa to wave,
   vibrate. See Waive and cf. Whip, v. t.]

   1.  To  brandish; to move to and fro; to swing; as, to vibrate a sword
   or a staff.

   2.  To  mark or measure by moving to and fro; as, a pendulum vibrating
   seconds.

   3. To affect with vibratory motion; to set in vibration.

     Breath vocalized, that is, vibrated or undulated, may . . . impress
     a swift, tremulous motion. Holder.

     Star to star vibrates light. Tennyson.

                                    Vibrate

   Vi"brate (?), v. i.

   1. To move to and fro, or from side to side, as a pendulum, an elastic
   rod,  or a stretched string, when disturbed from its position of rest;
   to swing; to oscillate.

   2.  To  have the constituent particles move to and fro, with alternate
   compression and dilation of parts, as the air, or any elastic body; to
   quiver.

   3.  To  produce  an  oscillating  or  quivering effect of sound; as, a
   whisper vibrates on the ear. Pope.

   4.  To  pass  from one state to another; to waver; to fluctuate; as, a
   man vibrates between two opinions.

                                   Vibratile

   Vi"bra*tile  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  vibratile.]  Adapted  to, or used in,
   vibratory  motion;  having  the power of vibrating; vibratory; as, the
   vibratile organs of insects.

                                  Vibratility

   Vi`bra*til"i*ty  (?), n. [Cf. F. vibratilit\'82.] The quality or state
   of being vibratile; disposition to vibration or oscillation. Rush.

                                   Vibration

   Vi*bra"tion (?), n. [L. vibratio: cf. F. vibration.]

   1.  The  act  of  vibrating,  or  the  state  of being vibrated, or in
   vibratory  motion;  quick  motion  to  and  fro;  oscillation, as of a
   pendulum or musical string.

     As  a  harper  lays  his  open  palm  Upon  his harp, to deaden its
     vibrations. Longfellow.

   2.  (Physics)  A  limited  reciprocating  motion  of  a particle of an
   elastic  body  or  medium  in alternately opposite directions from its
   position  of equilibrium, when that equilibrium has been disturbed, as
   when  a  stretched  cord  or  other  body  produces  musical notes, or
   particles  of air transmit sounds to the ear. The path of the particle
   may  be  in  a  straight  line,  in  a  circular  arc, or in any curve
   whatever.

     NOTE: &hand; Vibration and oscillation are both used, in mechanics,
     of  the  swinging,  or rising and falling, motion of a suspended or
     balanced  body;  the  latter term more appropriately, as signifying
     such  motion  produced  by  gravity, and of any degree of slowness,
     while  the  former applies especially to the quick, short motion to
     and  fro  which results from elasticity, or the action of molecular
     forces  among  the  particles  of  a body when disturbed from their
     position of rest, as in a spring.

   Amplitude  of  vibration,  the  maximum  displacement  of  a vibrating
   particle or body from its position of rest. -- Phase of vibration, any
   part  of the path described by a particle or body in making a complete
   vibration,  in  distinction from other parts, as while moving from one
   extreme  to  the  other,  or  on  one  side  of  the  line of rest, in
   distinction  from  the  opposite.  Two particles are said to be in the
   same  phase  when  they  are moving in the same direction and with the
   same velocity, or in corresponding parts of their paths.
   
                                 Vibratiuncle
                                       
   Vi*bra"ti*un`cle  (?), a. [Dim. of vibration.] A small vibration. [R.]
   Chambers. 

                                   Vibrative

   Vi"bra*tive (?), a. Vibrating; vibratory. "A vibrative motion." Sir I.
   Newton.

                                   Vibratory

   Vi"bra*to*ry  (?),  a. [Cf. F. vibratoire.] Consisting in, or causing,
   vibration,  or  oscillation;  vibrating;  as,  a  vibratory  motion; a
   vibratory power.

                                    Vibrio

   Vib"ri*o  (?),  n.; pl. E. Vibrios (#), L. Vibriones (#). [NL., fr. L.
   vibrare to vibrate, to move by undulations.] (Biol.) A genus of motile
   bacteria  characterized  by  short,  slightly sinuous filaments and an
   undulatory motion; also, an individual of this genus.

                                   Vibrissa

   Vi*bris"sa (?), n.; pl. Vibriss\'91 (#). [L. vibrissae, pl., the hairs
   in  the  nostrils of man, fr. vibrare to vibrate; -- so called because
   touching them tickles a person, and causes him to shake his head.]

   1.  (Anat.)  One  of the specialized or tactile hairs which grow about
   the  nostrils,  or on other parts of the face, in many animals, as the
   so-called whiskers of the cat, and the hairs of the nostrils of man.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The bristlelike feathers near the mouth of many birds.

                                  Vibroscope

   Vi"bro*scope (?), n.

   1. An instrument for observing or tracing vibrations.

   2. An instrument resembling the phenakistoscope.

                                   Viburnum

   Vi*bur"num  (?), n. [L., the wayfaring tree.] (Bot.) A genus of shrubs
   having  opposite, petiolate leaves and cymose flowers, several species
   of  which  are  cultivated  as  ornamental,  as the laurestine and the
   guelder-rose.

                                     Vicar

   Vic"ar (?), n. [OE. vicar, viker, vicair, F. vicaire, fr. L. vicarius.
   See Vicarious.]

   1.  One  deputed  or authorized to perform the functions of another; a
   substitute in office; a deputy. [R.]

   2. (Eng. Eccl. Law) The incumbent of an appropriated benefice.

     NOTE: &hand; The distinction between a parson [or rector] and vicar
     is  this: The parson has, for the most part, the whole right to the
     ecclesiastical  dues  in  his  parish; but a vicar has generally an
     appropriator over him, entitled to the best part of the profits, to
     whom  he  is  in  fact  perpetual  curate  with  a standing salary.
     Burrill.

   Apostolic  vicar, OR Vicar apostolic. (R. C. Ch.) (a) A bishop to whom
   the  Roman  pontiff  delegates  a portion of his jurisdiction. (b) Any
   ecclesiastic  acting  under  a  papal  brief, commissioned to exercise
   episcopal  authority. (c) A titular bishop in a country where there is
   no  episcopal  see,  or  where the succession has been interrupted. --
   Vicar  forane.  [Cf.  LL.  foraneus  situated outside of the episcopal
   city,  rural.  See  Vicar,  and  Foreign.]  (R. C. Ch.) A dignitary or
   parish priest appointed by a bishop to exercise a limited jurisdiction
   in  a  particular  town  or  district of a diocese. Addis & Arnold. --
   Vicar-general.  (a)  (Ch.  of  Eng.)  The  deputy of the Archbishop of
   Canterbury  or  York,  in  whose court the bishops of the province are
   confirmed.  Encyc.  Brit.  (b) (R. C. Ch.) An assistant to a bishop in
   the  discharge of his official functions. -- Vicar of Jesus Christ (R.
   C. Ch.), the pope as representing Christ on earth.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1608

                                   Vicarage

   Vic"ar*age (?; 48), n.

   1. The benefice of a vicar.

   2. The house or residence of a vicar.

                                   Vicarial

   Vi*ca"ri*al (?), a. [Cf. F. vicarial.]

   1. Of or pertaining to a vicar; as, vicarial tithes.

   2. Delegated; vicarious; as, vicarial power.

                                   Vicarian

   Vi*ca"ri*an (?), n. A vicar. [Obs.] Marston.

                                   Vicariate

   Vi*ca"ri*ate  (?),  a.  Having delegated power, as a vicar; vicarious.
   Barrow.

                                   Vicariate

   Vi*ca"ri*ate, n. [LL. vicariatus, or F. vicariat.] Delegated office or
   power; vicarship; the office or oversight of a vicar.

     The  vicariate  of  that  part  of Germany which is governed by the
     Saxon laws devolved on the elector of Saxony. Robertson.

                                   Vicarious

   Vi*ca"ri*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  vicarius, from vicis change, alternation,
   turn,  the  position,  place,  or  office  of one person as assumed by
   another;  akin  to Gr. wechsel a change, and probably also to E. weak.
   See Weak, and cf. Vice, prep.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  vicar,  substitute, or deputy; deputed;
   delegated; as, vicarious power or authority.

   2. Acting of suffering for another; as, a vicarious agent or officer.

     The  soul in the body is but a subordinate efficient, and vicarious
     . . . in the hands of the Almighty. Sir M. Hale.

   3.  Performed  of suffered in the place of another; substituted; as, a
   vicarious sacrifice; vicarious punishment.

     The vicarious work of the Great Deliverer. I. Taylor.

   4.  (Med.)  Acting  as  a substitute; -- said of abnormal action which
   replaces  a  suppressed  normal  function;  as,  vicarious  hemorrhage
   replacing menstruation.

                                  Vicariously

   Vi*ca"ri*ous*ly, adv. In a vicarious manner.

                                   Vicarship

   Vic"ar*ship (?), n. The office or dignity of a vicar.

                                    Vicary

   Vic"ar*y (?), n. [L. vicarius.] A vicar. [Obs.]

                                     Vice

   Vice (?), n. [F., from L. vitium.]

   1.  A  defect;  a fault; an error; a blemish; an imperfection; as, the
   vices of a political constitution; the vices of a horse.

     Withouten vice of syllable or letter. Chaucer.

     Mark the vice of the procedure. Sir W. Hamilton.

   2.  A moral fault or failing; especially, immoral conduct or habit, as
   in  the  indulgence  of  degrading appetites; customary deviation in a
   single  respect,  or  in  general,  from  a right standard, implying a
   defect  of  natural character, or the result of training and habits; a
   harmful custom; immorality; depravity; wickedness; as, a life of vice;
   the vice of intemperance.

     I do confess the vices of my blood. Shak.

     Ungoverned appetite . . . a brutish vice. Milton.

     When vice prevails, and impious men bear sway, The post of honor is
     a private station. Addison.

   3.  The buffoon of the old English moralities, or moral dramas, having
   the  name  sometimes  of  one  vice,  sometimes of another, or of Vice
   itself; -- called also Iniquity.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is ch aracter was grotesquely dressed in a cap with
     ass's  ears,  and was armed with a dagger of lath: one of his chief
     employments  was to make sport with the Devil, leaping on his back,
     and  belaboring  him with the dagger of lath till he made him roar.
     The Devil, however, always carried him off in the end.

   Nares.

     How  like  you  the Vice in the play? . . . I would not give a rush
     for  a  Vice  that has not a wooden dagger to snap at everybody. B.
     Jonson.

   Syn. -- Crime; sin; iniquity; fault. See Crime.

                                     Vice

   Vice, n. [See Vise.]

   1.  (Mech.)  A kind of instrument for holding work, as in filing. Same
   as Vise.

   2.  A  tool  for  drawing  lead  into cames, or flat grooved rods, for
   casements. [Written also vise.]

   3. A gripe or grasp. [Obs.] Shak.

                                     Vice

   Vice,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Viced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Vicing (?).] To
   hold or squeeze with a vice, or as if with a vice. Shak.

     The coachman's hand was viced between his upper and lower thigh. De
     Quincey.

                                     Vice

   Vi"ce  (?),  prep. [L., abl. of vicis change, turn. See Vicarious.] In
   the place of; in the stead; as, A. B. was appointed postmaster vice C.
   D. resigned.

                                     Vice

   Vice  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  vice-.  See Vice, prep.] Denoting one who in
   certain  cases  may  assume  the  office  or  duties  of  a  superior;
   designating  an  officer  or  an  office  that  is  second  in rank or
   authority;  as,  vice  president;  vice  agent; vice consul, etc. Vice
   admiral.  [Cf. F. vice-amiral.] (a) An officer holding rank next below
   an admiral. By the existing laws, the rank of admiral and vice admiral
   in  the  United  States  Navy  will  cease at the death of the present
   incumbents.  (b)  A  civil officer, in Great Britain, appointed by the
   lords   commissioners   of  the  admiralty  for  exercising  admiralty
   jurisdiction within their respective districts. -- Vice admiralty, the
   office  of  a  vice  admiral.  --  Vice-admiralty  court, a court with
   admiralty  jurisdiction,  established  by  authority  of Parliament in
   British  possessions  beyond the seas. Abbott. -- Vice chamberlain, an
   officer  in court next in rank to the lord chamberlain. [Eng.] -- Vice
   chancellor.  (a) (Law) An officer next in rank to a chancellor. (b) An
   officer  in  a  university,  chosen  to perform certain duties, as the
   conferring  of  degrees,  in the absence of the chancellor. (c) (R. C.
   Ch.)  The  cardinal  at the head of the Roman Chancery. -- Vice consul
   [cf.  F.  vice-consul],  a subordinate officer, authorized to exercise
   consular functions in some particular part of a district controlled by
   a  consul.  --  Vice  king,  one  who  acts  in the place of a king; a
   viceroy.  --  Vice  legate  [cf. F. vice-l\'82gat], a legate second in
   rank  to,  or  acting in place of, another legate. -- Vice presidency,
   the   office   of   vice   president.   --   Vice  president  [cf.  F.
   vice-pr\'82sident], an officer next in rank below a president.

                                     Viced

   Viced (?), a. Vicious; corrupt. [Obs.] Shak.

                                  Vicegerency

   Vice*ge"ren*cy (?), n. The office of a vicegerent. South.

                                  Vicegerent

   Vice*ge"rent  (?), a. [Vice, a + gerent: cf. F. viceg\'82rant.] Having
   or exercising delegated power; acting by substitution, or in the place
   of another. Milton.

                                  Vicegerent

   Vice*ge"rent (?), a. [Vice, a. + gerent: cf. F. viceg\'82rant.] Having
   or exercising delegated power; acting by substitution, or in the place
   of another. Milton.

                                  Vicegerent

   Vice*ge"rent, n. An officer who is deputed by a superior, or by proper
   authority,  to  exercise the powers of another; a lieutenant; a vicar.
   Bacon.

     The symbol and vicegerent of the Deity. C. A. Young.

                                    Viceman

   Vice"man (?), n.; pl. Vicemen (. A smith who works at the vice instead
   of at the anvil.

                                   Vicenary

   Vic"e*na*ry  (?; 277), a. [L. vicenarius, fr. viceni twenty each; akin
   to viginti twenty.] Of or pertaining to twenty; consisting of twenty.

                                   Vicennial

   Vi*cen"ni*al  (?),  a.  [L. vicennium a period of twenty years; viceni
   twenty + annus year.]

   1. Lasting or comprising twenty years.

   2. Happening once in twenty years; as, a vicennial celebration.

                                  Vice-regal

   Vice`-re"gal  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to a viceroy or viceroyalty.
   Macaulay.

                                    Viceroy

   Vice"roy (?), n. [F. vice-roi; pref. vice- in the place of (L. vice) +
   roi a king, L. rex. See Vice, prep. and Royal.]

   1.  The governor of a country or province who rules in the name of the
   sovereign  with  regal  authority,  as  the king's substitute; as, the
   viceroy of India.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A large and handsome American butterfly (Basilarchia, OR
   Limenitis,  archippus).  Its  wings  are  orange-red, with black lines
   along  the  nervures and a row of white spots along the outer margins.
   The larv\'91 feed on willow, poplar, and apple trees.

                                  Viceroyalty

   Vice*roy"al*ty  (?),  n.  The  dignity,  office,  or jurisdiction of a
   viceroy.

                                  Viceroyship

   Vice"roy*ship (?), n. Viceroyalty.

                                    Vicety

   Vi"ce*ty  (?),  n.  [From  Vice  a  fault.] Fault; defect; coarseness.
   [Obs.] B. Jonson.

                                  Vichy water

   Vi"chy  wa`ter  (?).  A  mineral  water  found at Vichy, France. It is
   essentially an effervescent solution of sodium, calcium, and magnetism
   carbonates,  with  sodium and potassium chlorides; also, by extension,
   any  artificial  or  natural water resembling in composition the Vichy
   water proper. Called also, colloquially, Vichy.

                                    Viciate

   Vi"ci*ate (?), v. t. See Vitiate. [R.]

                                    Viinage

   Vi"i*nage  (?;  48), n. [OF. veisinage, F. voisinage, from OF. veisin,
   F.  voisin,  neighboring,  a  neighbor, L. vicunus. See Vicinity.] The
   place  or places adjoining or near; neighborhood; vicinity; as, a jury
   must  be  of  the vicinage. "To summon the Protestant gentleman of the
   vicinage." Macaulay.

     Civil  war  had  broken  up all the usual ties of vicinage and good
     neighborhood. Sir W. Scott.

                                    Vicinal

   Vic"i*nal  (?;  277), a. [L. vicinalis: cf. F. vicinal.] Near; vicine.
   T.  Warton.  <--  (Organic Chem.) Having the substituted groups on the
   same  carbon  atom. --> Vicinal planes (Min.), subordinate planes on a
   crystal,  which are very near to the fundamental planes in angles, and
   sometimes take their place. They have in general very complex symbols.

                                    Vicine

   Vic"ine  (?),  a.  [L.  vicinus:  cf.  F.  voisin.] Near; neighboring;
   vicinal. [R.] Glanvill.

                                    Vicine

   Vic"ine  (?),  n. (Chem.) An alkaloid ex tracted from the seeds of the
   vetch (Vicia sativa) as a white crystalline substance.

                                   Vicinity

   Vi*cin"i*ty  (?;  277),  n.  [L.  vicinitas, from vicinus neighboring,
   near, from vicus a row of houses, a village; akin to Gr. v a house, vi
   to enter, Goth. weihs town: cf. OF. vicinit\'82. Cf. Diocese, Economy,
   Parish, Vicinage, Wick a village.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  near, or not remote; nearness;
   propinquity;  proximity;  as, the value of the estate was increased by
   the vicinity of two country seats.

     A vicinity of disposition and relative tempers. Jer. Taylor.

   2.  That  which  is  near,  or  not  remote; that which is adjacent to
   anything;  adjoining  space or country; neighborhood. "The vicinity of
   the sun." Bentley. Syn. -- Neighborhood; vicinage. See Neighborhood.

                                   Viciosity

   Vi`ci*os"i*ty (?), n. Vitiosity. [R.]

                                    Vicious

   Vi"cious (?), a. [OF. vicious, F. vicieux, fr. L. vitiosus, fr. vitium
   vice. See Vice a fault.]

   1. Characterized by vice or defects; defective; faulty; imperfect.

     Though I perchance am vicious in my guess. Shak.

     The title of these lords was vicious in its origin. Burke.

     A charge against Bentley of vicious reasoning. De Quincey.

   2.  Addicted  to  vice;  corrupt  in  principles or conduct; depraved;
   wicked; as, vicious children; vicious examples; vicious conduct.

     Who  .  .  .  heard  this  heavy curse, Servant of servants, on his
     vicious race. Milton.

   3.  Wanting  purity;  foul; bad; noxious; as, vicious air, water, etc.
   Dryden.

   4. Not correct or pure; corrupt; as, vicious language; vicious idioms.

   5.  Not well tamed or broken; given to bad tricks; unruly; refractory;
   as, a vicious horse.

   6.  Bitter;  spiteful;  malignant.  [Colloq.] Syn. -- Corrupt; faulty;
   wicked; depraved. -- Vi"cious*ly, adv. -- Vi"cious*ness, n.

                                  Vicissitude

   Vi*cis"si*tude (?), n. [L. vicissitudo, fr. vicis change, turn: cf. F.
   vicissitude. See Vicarious.]

   1.   Regular   change   or  succession  from  one  thing  to  another;
   alternation; mutual succession; interchange.

     God  made  two  great lights . . . To illuminate the earth and rule
     the day In their vicissitude, and rule the night. Milton.

   2. Irregular change; revolution; mutation.

     This man had, after many vicissitudes of fortune, sunk at last into
     abject and hopeless poverty. Macaulay.

                                Vicissitudinary

   Vi*cis`si*tu"di*na*ry (?), a. Subject to vicissitudes. Donne.

                                Vicissitudinous

   Vi*cis`si*tu"di*nous (?), a. Full of, or subject to, changes.

                                 Vicissy duck

   Vi*cis"sy   duck`  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  A  West  Indian  duck,  sometimes
   domesticated.

                                   Vicontiel

   Vi*con"ti*el (?), a. [From OE. vicounte a viscount. See Viscount.] (O.
   Eng.  Law)  Of  or pertaining to the viscount or sheriff of a country.
   Vicontiel  rents.  See  Vicontiels.  -- Vicontiel writs, such writs as
   were triable in the sheriff, or county, court.

                                  Vicontiels

   Vi*con"ti*els  (?),  n.  pl.  [See  Vicontiel.]  (O.  Eng. Law) Things
   belonging  to  the  sheriff;  especially, farms (called also vicontiel
   rents) for which the sheriff used to pay rent to the king.

                                    Vicount

   Vi"count (?), n. See Viscount.

                                    Victim

   Vic"tim (?), n. [L. victima: cf. F. victime.]

   1. A living being sacrificed to some deity, or in the performance of a
   religious rite; a creature immolated, or made an offering of.

     Led like a victim, to my death I'll go. Dryden.

   2.  A  person  or  thing  destroyed or sacrificed in the pursuit of an
   object,  or  in  gratification of a passion; as, a victim to jealousy,
   lust, or ambition.

   3.  A  person  or  living creature destroyed by, or suffering grievous
   injury from, another, from fortune or from accident; as, the victim of
   a defaulter; the victim of a railroad accident.

   4. Hence, one who is duped, or cheated; a dupe; a gull. [Colloq.]

                                   Victimate

   Vic"tim*ate,  v.  t. [L. victimatus, p. p. of victimare to sacrifice.]
   To make a victim of; to sacrifice; to immolate. [Obs.] Bullokar.

                                   Victimize

   Vic"tim*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Victimized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Victimizing  (?).] To make a victim of, esp. by deception; to dupe; to
   cheat.

                                    Victor

   Vic"tor  (?),  n.  [L.  victor,  fr.  vincere, victum, to vanquish, to
   conquer. See Vanquish.]

   1.  The winner in a contest; one who gets the better of another in any
   struggle;  esp.,  one  who defeats an enemy in battle; a vanquisher; a
   conqueror; -- often followed by art, rarely by of.

     In  love, the victors from the vanquished fly; They fly that wound,
     and they pursue that die. Waller.

   2. A destroyer. [R. & Poetic]

     There,  victor  of  his health, of fortune, friends, And fame, this
     lord of useless thousands ends. Pope.

                                    Victor

   Vic"tor, a. Victorious. "The victor Greeks." Pope.

                                   Victoress

   Vic"tor*ess (?), n. A victress. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                   Victoria

   Vic*to"ri*a (?), n. [NL.]

   1.  (Bot.) A genus of aquatic plants named in honor of Queen Victoria.
   The  Victoria  regia  is  a  native  of  Guiana and Brazil. Its large,
   spreading  leaves are often over five feet in diameter, and have a rim
   from  three  to  five  inches  high;  its  immense  rose-white flowers
   sometimes attain a diameter of nearly two feet.

   2.  A  kind  of low four-wheeled pleasure carriage, with a calash top,
   designed  for  two  persons and the driver who occupies a high seat in
   front.

   3.  (Astron.)  An  asteroid discovered by Hind in 1850; -- called also
   Clio.
   Victoria  cross,  a bronze Maltese cross, awarded for valor to members
   of  the  British  army  or navy. It was first bestowed in 1857, at the
   close of the Crimean war. The recipients also have a pension of \'9c10
   a  year. -- Victoria green. (Chem.) See Emerald green, under Green. --
   Victoria lily (Bot.), the Victoria regia. See def. 1, above.

                                   Victorian

   Vic*to"ri*an  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to the reign of Queen Victoria
   of  England;  as, the Victorian poets. Victorian period. See Dionysian
   period, under Dyonysian.

                                   Victorine

   Vic`tor*ine" (?), n. A woman's fur tippet.

                                  Victorious

   Vic*to"ri*ous   (?),  a.  [L.  victoriosus:  cf.  F.  victorieux.  See
   Victory.]  Of  or  pertaining to victory, or a victor' being a victor;
   bringing  or causing a victory; conquering; winning; triumphant; as, a
   victorious general; victorious troops; a victorious day.

     But I shall rise victorious, and subdue My vanquisher. Milton.

     Now are our brows bound wind victorious wreaths. Shak.

   -- Vic*to"ri*ous*ly, adv. -- Vic*to"ri*ous*ness, n.

                                    Victory

   Vic"to*ry  (?),  n.;  pl.  Victories (#). [OE. victorie, OF. victorie,
   victoire,  F.  victoire,  L.  victoria.  See Victor.] The defeat of an
   enemy  in battle, or of an antagonist in any contest; a gaining of the
   superiority  in any struggle or competition; conquest; triumph; -- the
   opposite of defeat.

     Death is swallowed up in victory. 1 Cor. xv. 54.

     God on our side, doubt not of victory. Shak.

     Victory may be honorable to the arms, but shameful to the counsels,
     of a nation. Bolingbroke.

                                   Victress

   Vic"tress  (?),  n.  [Cf.  L.  victrix.] A woman who wins a victory; a
   female victor.

                                   Victrice

   Vic"trice (?), n. A victress. [R.] B. Jonson.

                                    Victrix

   Vic"trix (?), n. [L.] Victress. C. Bront\'82.

                                    Victual

   Vict"ual (?), n.

   1. Food; -- now used chiefly in the plural. See Victuals. 2 Chron. xi.
   23. Shak.

     He  was not able to keep that place three days for lack of victual.
     Knolles.

     There  came  a fair-hair'd youth, that in his hand Bare victual for
     the movers. Tennyson.

     Short allowance of victual. Longfellow.

   2. Grain of any kind. [Scot.] Jamieson.

                                    Victual

   Vict"ual  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Victualed (?) or Victualled; p. pr.
   &  vb.  n.  Victualing  or Victualling.] To supply with provisions for
   subsistence;  to  provide  with food; to store with sustenance; as, to
   victual an army; to victual a ship.

     I must go victual Orleans forthwith. Shak.

                                  Victualage

   Vict"ual*age  (?;  48),  n.  Victuals;  food.  [R.]  "With my cargo of
   victualage." C. Bront\'82.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1609

                                   Victualer

   Vict"ual*er (?), n. [F. victuailleur.] [Written also victualler.]

   1. One who furnishes victuals.

   2.  One  who  keeps  a  house  of  entertainment;  a tavern keeper; an
   innkeeper. Shak.

   3.  A  vessel  employed  to  carry provisions, usually for military or
   naval use; a provision use; a provision ship.

   4. One who deals in grain; a corn factor. [Scot.]
   Licensed victualer. See under Licensed.

                                  Victualing

   Vict"ual*ing,   a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  victuals,  or  provisions;
   supplying provisions; as, a victualing ship.

                                   Victuals

   Vict"uals  (?), n. pl. [OE. vitaille, OF. vitaille, F. victuaille, pl.
   victuailles,  fr.  L. victualia, pl. of. victualis belonging to living
   or  nourishment, fr. victus nourishment, from vivere, victum, to live;
   akin  to vivus living. See Vivid.] Food for human beings, esp. when it
   is  cooked  or prepared for the table; that which supports human life;
   provisions; sustenance; meat; viands.

     Then had we plenty of victuals. Jer. xliv. 17.

                                    Victus

   Vic"tus (?), n. [L.] (Zo\'94l.) Food; diet.

                              Vicu\'a4a, Vicugna

   Vi*cu"\'a4a,   Vi*cu"gna   (?),   n.  [Sp.  vicu\'a4a.  Cf.  Vigonia.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  A  South  American mammal (Auchenia vicunna) native of the
   elevated  plains of the Andes, allied to the llama but smaller. It has
   a  thick coat of very fine reddish brown wool, and long, pendent white
   hair on the breast and belly. It is hunted for its wool and flesh.

                                  Vida finch

   Vid"a finch` (?). (Zo\'94l.) The whidah bird.

                                    Vidame

   Vi*dame"  (?),  n. [F., fr. LL. vice-dominus, fr. L. vice instead of +
   dominus  master,  lord.]  (Fr.  Feud.  Law) One of a class of temporal
   officers  who  originally  represented  the bishops, but later erected
   their offices into fiefs, and became feudal nobles.

                                     Vide

   Vi"de  (?),  imperative  sing. of L. videre, to see; -- used to direct
   attention to something; as, vide supra, see above.

                                   Videlicet

   Vi*del"i*cet  (?), adv. [L., contr. fr. videre licet, literally, it is
   easy to see, one may or can see.] To wit; namely; -- often abbreviated
   to viz.

                                    Vidette

   Vi*dette" (?), n. (Mil.) Same Vedette.

                                    Vidonia

   Vi*do"ni*a  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Pg.  vidonho  the  quality  of grapes, Sp.
   vedu&ntil;o.]  A  dry  white  wine,  of  a  tart  flavor,  produced in
   Teneriffe; -- called also Teneriffe.

                                    Viduage

   Vid"u*age  (?),  n. [See Vidual.] The state of widows or of widowhood;
   also, widows, collectively.

                                    Vidual

   Vid"u*al  (?), a. [L. vidualis, fr. vidua a widow, fr. viduus widowed.
   See  Widow.]  Of  or pertaining to the state of a widow; widowed. [R.]
   Jer. Taylor.

                                   Viduation

   Vid`u*a"tion  (?),  n.  The  state of being widowed or bereaved; loss;
   bereavement. [R.]

                                    Viduity

   Vi*du"i*ty  (?),  n. [L. viduitas: cf. F. viduit\'82.] Widowhood. [R.]
   "Chaste viduity." Ld. Ellenborough.

                                      Vie

   Vie  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Vied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Vying (?).]
   [OE. vien, shortened fr. envien, OF. envier to invite, to challenge, a
   word used in gambling, L. invitare to invite; of uncertain origin. Cf.
   Invite, Envie.]

   1.  To  stake a sum upon a hand of cards, as in the old game of gleek.
   See Revie. [Obs.]

   2. To strive for superiority; to contend; to use emulous effort, as in
   a race, contest, or competition.

     In  a  trading nation, the younger sons may be placed in such a way
     of life as . . . to vie with the best of their family. Addison.

     While Waterloo with Cann\'91's carnage vies. Byron.

                                      Vie

   Vie, v. t.

   1. To stake; to wager. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

   2.  To  do or produce in emulation, competition, or rivalry; to put in
   competition; to bandy. [Obs.]

     She hung about my neck; and kiss on kiss She vied so fast. Shak.

     Nor was he set over us to vie wisdom with his Parliament, but to be
     guided by them. Milton.

     And  vying malice with my gentleness, Pick quarrels with their only
     happiness. Herbert.

                                      Vie

   Vie, n. A contest for superiority; competition; rivalry; strife; also,
   a challenge; a wager. [Obs.]

     We  'll  all to church together instantly, And then a vie for boys.
     J. Fletcher.

                                    Vielle

   Vi*elle" (?), n. [F. Cf. Viol.] An old stringed instrument played upon
   with a wheel; a hurdy-gurdy.

                                 Vienna paste

   Vi*en"na  paste`  (?). (Pharm.) A caustic application made up of equal
   parts of caustic potash and quicklime; -- called also Vienna caustic.

                                   Viennese

   Vi`en*nese"  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to Vienna, or people of Vienna.
   -- n. sing. & pl. An inhabitant, or the inhabitants, of Vienna.

                                     View

   View  (?),  n.  [OF. veue, F. vue, fr. OF. veoir to see, p. p. veu, F.
   voir,  p.  p. vu, fr. L. videre to see. See Vision, and cl. Interview,
   Purview, Review, Vista.]

   1. The act of seeing or beholding; sight; look; survey; examination by
   the eye; inspection.

     Thenceforth I thought thee worth my nearer view. Milton.

     Objects  near  our  view are thought greater than those of a larger
     size are more remote. Locke.

     Surveying nature with too nice a view. Dryden.

   2.  Mental  survey; intellectual perception or examination; as, a just
   view of the arguments or facts in a case.

     I have with exact view perused thee, Hector. Shak.

   3.  Power  of seeing, either physically or mentally; reach or range of
   sight; extent of prospect.

     The walls of Pluto's palace are in view. Dryden.

   4.  That  which  is  seen or beheld; sight presented to the natural or
   intellectual eye; scene; prospect; as, the view from a window.

     'T is distance lends enchantment to the view. Campbell.

   5.  The pictorial representation of a scene; a sketch, as, a fine view
   of Lake George.

   6.  Mode  of  looking at anything; manner of apprehension; conception;
   opinion;  judgment; as, to state one's views of the policy which ought
   to be pursued.

     To give a right view of this mistaken part of liberty. Locke.

   7.  That  which  is  looked towards, or kept in sight, as object, aim,
   intention, purpose, design; as, he did it with a view of escaping.

     No  man  sets  himself  about  anything but upon some view or other
     which serves him for a reason. Locke.

   8. Appearance; show; aspect. [Obs.]

     [Graces]  which,  by  the  splendor  of her view Dazzled, before we
     never knew. Waller.

   Field  of view. See under Field. -- Point of view. See under Point. --
   To  have  in view, to have in mind as an incident, object, or aim; as,
   to  have  one's resignation in view. -- View halloo, the shout uttered
   by  a  hunter  upon seeing the fox break cover. -- View of frankpledge
   (Law),  a  court  of  record,  held  in a hundred, lordship, or manor,
   before the steward of the leet. Blackstone. -- View of premises (Law),
   the  inspection by the jury of the place where a litigated transaction
   is said to have occurred.

                                     View

   View (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Viewed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Viewing.]

   1.  To  see;  to behold; especially, to look at with attention, or for
   the  purpose  of  examining;  to  examine with the eye; to inspect; to
   explore.

     O, let me view his visage, being dead. Shak.

     Nearer to view his prey, and, unespied, To mark what of their state
     he more might learn. Milton.

   2. To survey or examine mentally; to consider; as, to view the subject
   in all its aspects.

     The happiest youth, viewing his progress through. Shak.

                                    Viewer

   View"er (?), n.

   1. One who views or examines.

   2.  (Law) A person appointed to inspect highways, fences, or the like,
   and to report upon the same.

   3. The superintendent of a coal mine. [Eng.]

                                   Viewiness

   View"i*ness  (?), n. The quality or state of being viewy, or of having
   unpractical views.

                                   Viewless

   View"less, a. Not perceivable by the eye; invisible; unseen. "Viewless
   winds." Shak.

     Swift  through the valves the visionary fair Repassed, and viewless
     mixed with common air. Pope.

                               Viewly, Viewsome

   View"ly  (?), View"some (?), a. Pleasing to the sight; sightly. [Prov.
   Eng.]

                                     Viewy

   View"y (?), a.

   1.  Having  peculiar  views;  fanciful;  visionary; unpractical; as, a
   viewy person.

   2. Spectacular; pleasing to the eye or the imagination.

     A  government  intent  on  showy  absurdities and viewy enterprises
     rather than solid work. London Spectator.

                                     Vifda

   Vif"da  (?),  n.  In  the Orkney and Shetland Islands, beef and mutton
   hung  and  dried,  but  not  salted.  [Scot.]  [Written  also  vivda.]
   Jamieson.

                                   Vigesimal

   Vi*ges"i*mal  (?),  a.  [L. vigesimus twentieth, from viginti twenty.]
   Twentieth;  divided  into, or consisting of, twenties or twenty parts.
   Tylor.

                                 Vigesimation

   Vi*ges`i*ma"tion  (?),  n. The act of putting to death every twentieth
   man. [R.]

                                Vigesimo-quarto

   Vi*ges"i*mo-quar"to  (?),  a. [L. vigesimus quartus twenty-fourth. Cf.
   Duodecimo.]   Having   twenty-four   leaves   to   a   sheet;   as,  a
   vigesimo-quarto form, book, leaf, size, etc.

                                Vigesimo-quarto

   Vi*ges"i*mo-quar"to, n.; pl. -tos (. A book composed of sheets each of
   which  is  folded  into  twenty-four leaves; hence, indicating more or
   less  definitely  a  size of book so made; -- usually written 24mo, or
   24.

                                     Vigil

   Vig"il  (?),  n.  [OE. vigile, L. vigilia, from vigil awake, watchful,
   probably  akin  to  E.  wake:  cf. F. vigile. See Wake, v. i., and cf.
   Reveille, Surveillance, Vedette, Vegetable, Vigor.]

   1. Abstinence from sleep, whether at a time when sleep is customary or
   not;  the  act  of  keeping awake, or the state of being awake, or the
   state  of being awake; sleeplessness; wakefulness; watch. "Worn out by
   the labors and vigils of many months." Macaulay.

     Nothing wears out a fine face like the vigils of the card table and
     those cutting passions which attend them. Addison.

   2.  Hence,  devotional watching; waking for prayer, or other religious
   exercises.

     So they in heaven their odes and vigils tuned. Milton.

     Be sober and keep vigil, The Judge is at the gate. Neale (Rhythm of
     St. Bernard).

   3. (Eccl.) (a) Originally, the watch kept on the night before a feast.
   (b) Later, the day and the night preceding a feast.

     He  that  shall  live this day, and see old age, Will yearly on the
     vigil  feast  his  neighbors, And say, "To-morrow is St. Crispian."
     Shak.

   (c)  A  religious  service performed in the evening preceding a feast.
   Vigils,  OR Watchings, of flowers (Bot.), a peculiar faculty belonging
   to  the  flowers of certain plants of opening and closing their petals
   as certain hours of the day. [R.]

                                   Vigilance

   Vig"i*lance (?), n. [L. vigilantia: cf. F. vigilance.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being vigilant; forbearance of sleep;
   wakefulness.

   2.  Watchfulness  in respect of danger; care; caution; circumspection.
   Cowper.

     And  flaming  ministers  to watch and tend Their earthly charge; of
     these the vigilance I dread. Milton.

   3.  Guard; watch. [Obs.] "In at this gate none pass the vigilance here
   placed." Milton.
   Vigilance  committee,  a  volunteer  committee  of  citizens  for  the
   oversight  and  protection of any interest, esp. one organized for the
   summary  suppression and punishment of crime, as when the processes of
   law appear inadequate.

                                   Vigilancy

   Vig"i*lan*cy (?), n. Vigilance. [Obs.] Fuller.

                                   Vigilant

   Vig"i*lant  (?), a. [L. vigilans, -antis, p. pr. of vigilare to watch,
   fr.  vigil  awake:  cf. F. vigilant. See Vigil.] Attentive to discover
   and  avoid  danger,  or  to  provide  for  safety;  wakeful; watchful;
   circumspect; wary. "Be sober, be vigilant." 1 Pet. v. 8.

     Sirs, take your places, and be vigilant. Shak.

                                  Vigilantly

   Vig"i*lant*ly, adv. In a vigilant manner.

                                    Vigily

   Vig"i*ly (?), n. [L. vigilia.] A vigil. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                 Vigintivirate

   Vi`gin*tiv"i*rate (?), n. [L. vigintiviratus, fr. vigintiviri; viginti
   twenty + vir a man.] The office of the vigintiviri, a body of officers
   of government consisting of twenty men; also, the vigintiviri. [R.]

                                   Vignette

   Vi*gnette"  (?; 277), n. [F. vignette, fr. vigne a vine. See Vine, and
   cf. Vinette.]

   1.  (Arch.) A running ornament consisting of leaves and tendrils, used
   in Gothic architecture.

   2.  A  decorative  design,  originally  representing  vine branches or
   tendrils,  at  the head of a chapter, of a manuscript or printed book,
   or  in a similar position; hence, by extension, any small picture in a
   book;  hence,  also,  as  such  pictures  are often without a definite
   bounding  line,  any  picture,  as  an engraving, a photograph, or the
   like, which vanishes gradually at the edge.

                                   Vignette

   Vi*gnette",  v.  t.  To  make, as an engraving or a photograph, with a
   border or edge insensibly fading away.

                                    Vigonia

   Vi*go"ni*a  (?),  a. [Cf. F. vigogne vicu&ntil;a. See Vicu&ntil;a.] Of
   or  pertaining  to the vicu&ntil;a; characterizing the vicu&ntil;a; --
   said  of  the wool of that animal, used in felting hats, and for other
   purposes. Prescott.

                                     Vigor

   Vig"or  (?),  n.  [OE.  vigour,  vigor,  OF.  vigor, vigur, vigour, F.
   vigueur,  fr.  L.  vigor,  fr.  vigere  to  be  lively  or strong. See
   Vegetable, Vigil.]

   1.  Active  strength  or force of body or mind; capacity for exertion,
   physically, intellectually, or morally; force; energy.

     The vigor of this arm was never vain. Dryden.

   2.  Strength or force in animal or force in animal or vegetable nature
   or action; as, a plant grows with vigor.

   3. Strength; efficacy; potency.

     But  in  the  fruithful earth . . . His beams, unactive else, their
     vigor find. Milton.

     NOTE: &hand; Vi gor an d it s de rivatives co mmonly im ply ac tive
     strength,  or the power of action and exertion, in distinction from
     passive strength, or strength to endure.

                                     Vigor

   Vig"or, v. t. To invigorate. [Obs.] Feltham.

                                   Vigorite

   Vig"or*ite  (?),  n.  [L.  vigor  strength.]  An  explosive containing
   nitroglycerin. It is used in blasting.

                                   Vigoroso

   Vig`o*ro"so  (?),  a.  &  adv.  [It.] (Mus.) Vigorous; energetic; with
   energy; -- a direction to perform a passage with energy and force.

                                   Vigorous

   Vig"or*ous (?), a. [Cf. OF. vigoros, F. vigoureux, LL. vigorosus.]

   1.  Possessing  vigor;  full  of physical or mental strength or active
   force; strong; lusty; robust; as, a vigorous youth; a vigorous plant.

     Famed for his valor, young, At sea successful, vigorous and strong.
     Waller.

   2.  Exhibiting  strength,  either  of  body or mind; powerful; strong;
   forcible; energetic; as, vigorous exertions; a vigorous prosecution of
   a war.

     The  beginnings  of  confederacies  have  been  always vigorous and
     successful. Davenant.

   -- Vig"or*ous*ly, adv. -- Vig"or*ous*ness, n.

                                    Viking

   Vi"king  (?),  n.  [Icel.  v\'c6kingr,  fr.  v\'c6k a bay, inlet.] One
   belonging  to  the pirate crews from among the Northmen, who plundered
   the coasts of Europe in the eighth, ninth, and tenth centuries.

     Of grim Vikings, and the rapture Of the sea fight, and the capture,
     And the life of slavery. Longfellow.

     NOTE: &hand; Vi kings di ffers in meaning from sea king, with which
     frequently  confounded.  "The  sea  king was a man connected with a
     royal  race,  either  of  the small kings of the country, or of the
     Haarfager  family, and who, by right, received the title of king as
     soon  he  took the command of men, although only of a single ship's
     crew,  and  without  having  any land or kingdom . . . Vikings were
     merely pirates, alternately peasants and pirates, deriving the name
     of  viking  from the vicks, wicks, or inlets, on the coast in which
     they harbored with their long ships or rowing galleys."

   Laing.

                                    Vilany

   Vil"a*ny (?), n. Villainy. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Vilayet

   Vi`la*yet"  (?),  n.  [Turk.,  from  Ar. wil\'beyah.] One of the chief
   administrative  divisions  or  provinces  of  the  Ottoman  Empire; --
   formerly called eyalet.

                                     Vild

   Vild  (?),  a. [As if the p. p. of a verb to vile. See Vile, a.] Vile.
   [Obs.] "That vild race." Spenser. -- Vild"ly, adv. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                     Vile

   Vile (?), a. [Comp. Viler (?); superl. Vilest.] [OE. vil, F. vil, from
   L. vilis cheap, worthless, vile, base.]

   1. Low; base; worthless; mean; despicable.

     A poor man in vile raiment. James ii. 2.

     The craft either of fishing, which was Peter's, or of making tents,
     which  was Paul's, were [was] more vile than the science of physic.
     Ridley.

     The inhabitants account gold but as a vile thing. Abp. Abbot.

   2.  Morally  base or impure; depraved by sin; hateful; in the sight of
   God and men; sinful; wicked; bad. "Such vile base practices." Shak.

     Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer thee ? Job xl. 4.

   Syn. -- See Base. -- Vile"ly, adv. -- Vile"ness, n.

                                     Viled

   Viled  (?),  a.  [See  Vild.]  Abusive;  scurrilous; defamatory; vile.
   [Obs.] "Viled speeches." Hayward.

                                    Vileyns

   Vil"eyns  (?),  a.  [See  Villain.] Villainous. [Obs.] "Vileyns sinful
   deeds make a churl." Chaucer.

                                 Vilification

   Vil`i*fi*ca"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  of vilifying or defaming; abuse.
   South.

                                   Vilifier

   Vil"i*fi`er (?), n. One who vilifies or defames.

                                    Vilify

   Vil"i*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Vilified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vilifying.]  [L.  vilis  vile  +  -fly; cf. L. vilificare to esteem of
   little value.]

   1. To make vile; to debase; to degrade; to disgrace. [R.]

     When themselves they vilified To serve ungoverned appetite. Milton.

   2.  To  degrade  or  debase  by  report;  to  defame;  to  traduce; to
   calumniate. I. Taylor.

     Many  passions  dispose  us  to depress and vilify the merit of one
     rising in the esteem of mankind. Addison.

   3. To treat as vile; to despise. [Obs.]

     I do vilify your censure. Beau. & Fl.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1610

                                   Vilipend

   Vil"i*pend  (?), v. t. [L. vilipendere; vilis vile + pendere to weigh,
   to  value:  cf.  F.  vilipender.]  To value lightly; to depreciate; to
   slight; to despise.

     To vilipend the art of portrait painting. Longfellow.

                                 Vilipendency

   Vil"i*pend"en*cy  (?),  n.  Disesteem;  slight; disparagement. [R.] E.
   Waterhouse.

                                    Vility

   Vil"i*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  vilitas:  cf.  F.  vilet\'82,  vilit\'82, OF.
   vilt\'82.] Vileness; baseness. [Obs.] Kennet.

                                     Vill

   Vill  (?),  n. [OF. ville, vile, a village, F. ville a town, city. See
   Villa.]  A  small collection of houses; a village. "Every manor, town,
   or vill." Sir M. Hale.

     Not  should  e'er  the  crested  fowl From thorp or vill his matins
     sound for me. Wordsworth.

     NOTE: &hand; A  word of various significations in English, law; as,
     a  manor;  a  tithing;  a  town;  a township; a parish; a part of a
     parish;  a village. The original meaning of vill, in England, seems
     to  have  been  derived  from  the Roman sense of the term villa, a
     single  country  residence  or  farm;  a manor. Later, the term was
     applied  only  to  a  collection of houses more than two, and hence
     came to comprehend towns. Burrill. The statute of Exeter, 14 Edward
     I., mentions entire-vills, demivills, and hamlets.

                                     Villa

   Vil"la  (?),  n.; pl. Villas (#). [L. villa, LL. also village, dim. of
   L.  vicus  a  village: cf. It. & F. villa. See Vicinity, and cf. Vill,
   Village,  Villain.] A country seat; a country or suburban residence of
   some pretensions to elegance. Dryden. Cowper.

                                    Village

   Vil"lage  (?;  48),  n.  [F., fr. L. villaticus belonging to a country
   house  or  villa.  See Villa, and cf. Villatic.] A small assemblage of
   houses  in the country, less than a town or city. Village cart, a kind
   of  two-wheeled  pleasure  carriage  without  a  top. Syn. -- Village,
   Hamlet,  Town,  City.  In  England,  a  hamlet denotes a collection of
   houses, too small to have a parish church. A village has a church, but
   no  market.  A town has both a market and a church or churches. A city
   is, in the legal sense, an incorporated borough town, which is, or has
   been,  the  place  of  a  bishop's  see.  In  the  United States these
   distinctions do not hold.

                                   Villager

   Vil"la*ger (?), n. An inhabitant of a village.

     Brutus  had  rather  be  a villager Than to repute himself a son of
     Rome Under these hard condition. Shak.

                                   Villagery

   Vil"lage*ry  (?),  n.  Villages;  a  district of villages. [Obs.] "The
   maidens of the villagery." Shak.

                                    Villain

   Vil"lain  (?),  n.  [OE. vilein, F. vilain, LL. villanus, from villa a
   village, L. villa a farm. See Villa.]

   1.  (Feudal Law) One who holds lands by a base, or servile, tenure, or
   in  villenage;  a  feudal  tenant  of  the  lowest class, a bondman or
   servant. [In this sense written also villan, and villein.]

     If  any  of  my ansectors was a tenant, and a servant, and held his
     lands  as  a  villain  to  his lord, his posterity also must do so,
     though accidentally they become noble. Jer. Taylor.

     NOTE: &hand; Vi llains we re of two sorts; villains regardant, that
     is,  annexed to the manor (LL. adscripti gleb\'91); and villains in
     gross,   that  is,  annexed  to  the  person  of  their  lord,  and
     transferable from one to another. Blackstone.

   2. A baseborn or clownish person; a boor. [R.]

     Pour  the  blood  of the villain in one basin, and the blood of the
     gentleman in another, what difference shall there be proved? Becon.

   3.  A  vile,  wicked  person; a man extremely depraved, and capable or
   guilty  of  great crimes; a deliberate scoundrel; a knave; a rascal; a
   scamp.

     Like a villain with a smiling cheek. Shak.

     Calm, thinking villains, whom no faith could fix. Pope.

                                    Villain

   Vil"lain, a. [F. vilain.] Villainous. [R.] Shak.

                                    Villain

   Vil"lain, v. t. To debase; to degrade. [Obs.] Sir T. More.

                                  Villainous

   Vil"lain*ous (?), a. [Written also villanous.]

   1. Base; vile; mean; depraved; as, a villainous person or wretch.

   2.  Proceeding  from,  or  showing,  extreme  depravity;  suited  to a
   villain; as, a villainous action.

   3.  Sorry;  mean;  mischievous;  -- in a familiar sense. "A villainous
   trick of thine eye." Shak.
   Villainous judgment (O. E. Law), a judgment that casts reproach on the
   guilty person. --- Vil"lain*ous*ly, adv. Vil"lain*ous*ness, n.

                                   Villainy

   Vil"lain*y  (?),  n.;  pl.  Villainies (#). [OE. vilanie, OF. vilanie,
   vilainie,  vileinie,  vilanie, LL. villania. See Villain, n.] [Written
   also villany.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state of being a villain, or villainous; extreme
   depravity;  atrocious  wickedness;  as,  the  villainy of the seducer.
   "Lucre of vilanye." Chaucer.

     The commendation is not in his wit, but in his villainy. Shak.

   2.  Abusive,  reproachful  language;  discourteous  speech; foul talk.
   [Archaic]

     He  never  yet not vileinye ne said In all his life, unto no manner
     wight. Chaucer.

     In  our  modern language, it [foul language] is termed villainy, as
     being  proper  for  rustic  boors, or men of coarsest education and
     employment. Barrow.

     Villainy  till a very late day expressed words foul and disgraceful
     to the utterer much oftener than deeds. Trench.

   3. The act of a villain; a deed of deep depravity; a crime.

     Such villainies roused Horace into wrath. Dryden.

     That execrable sum of all villainies commonly called a slave trade.
     John Wesley.

                                   Villakin

     Vil"la*kin (?), n. A little villa. [R.] Gay.

                                    Villan

     Vil"lan (?), n. A villain. [R.]

                                   Villanage

     Vil"lan*age (?; 48), n. [OF. villenage, vilenage. See Villain.]

     1.  (Feudal  Law)  The state of a villain, or serf; base servitude;
     tenure on condition of doing the meanest services for the lord. [In
     this sense written also villenage, and villeinage.]

     I speak even now as if sin were condemned in a perpetual villanage,
     never to be manumitted. Milton.

     Some faint traces of villanage were detected by the curious so late
     as the days of the Stuarts. Macaulay.

     2. Baseness; infamy; villainy. [Obs.] Dryden.

                                   Villanel

     Vil`la*nel" (?), n. [See Villanelle.] A ballad. [Obs.] Cotton.

                                  Villanella

     Vil`la*nel"la  (?),  n.; pl. Villanelle (#). [It., a pretty country
     girl.] (Mus.) An old rustic dance, accompanied with singing.

                                  Villanelle

     Vil`la*nelle"  (?),  n. [F.] A poem written in tercets with but two
     rhymes,  the  first and third verse of the first stanza alternating
     as  the third verse in each successive stanza and forming a couplet
     at the close. E. W. Gosse.

                                  Villanette

     Vil`la*nette"  (?), n. [Dim. of villa; formed on the analogy of the
     French.] A small villa. [R.]

                                   Villanize

     Vil"lan*ize  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Villanized; p. pr. & vb. n.
     Villanizing  (?).]  To make vile; to debase; to degrade; to revile.
     [R.]

     Were  virtue  by  descent,  a  noble name Could never villanize his
     father's fame. Dryden.

                                  Villanizer

     Vil"lan*i`zer (?), n. One who villanizes. [R.]

                Villanous, a. Villanously, adv., Villanousness

     Vil"lan*ous (?), a. Vil"lan*ous*ly, adv., Vil"lan*ous*ness, n., See
     Villainous, etc.

                                    Villany

     Vil"lan*y (?), n. See Villainy.

                                   Villatic

     Vil*lat"ic (?), a. [L. villaticus belonging to a country house. See
     Village.]  Of  or  pertaining  to a farm or a village; rural. "Tame
     villatic fowl." Milton.

                                    Villein

     Vil"lein (?), n. (Feudal Law) See Villain, 1.

                                   Villenage

     Vil"len*age  (?),  n.  [See  Villanage.]  (Feudal  Law)  Villanage.
     Blackstone.

                                   Villenous

     Vil"len*ous (?), a. Of or pertaining to a villein.

                                     Villi

     Vil"li (?), n., pl. of Villus.

                                   Villiform

     Vil"li*form (?), a. [Villus + -form.] Having the form or appearance
     of villi; like close-set fibers, either hard or soft; as, the teeth
     of perch are villiform.

                                    Villose

     Vil*lose" (?), a. (Bot.) See Villous.

                                   Villosity

     Vil*los"i*ty (?), n.

     1. State of being villous.

     2. (Bot.) A coating of long, slender hairs.

     3. (Anat.) A villus.

                                    Villous

     Vil"lous (?), a. [L. villosus: cf. F. villeux. Cf. Velvet.]

     1.  Abounding  in,  or  covered  with,  fine  hairs,  or  a  woolly
     substance; shaggy with soft hairs; nappy.

     2. (Anat.) Furnished or clothed with villi.

                                    Villus

     Vil"lus (?), n.; pl. Villi (#). [L., shaggy hair, a tuft of hair.]

     1.  (Anat.)  One  of  the  minute  papillary  processes  on certain
     vascular  membranes; a villosity; as, villi cover the lining of the
     small  intestines  of  many  animals  and  serve  to  increase  the
     absorbing surface.

     2. pl. (Bot.) Fine hairs on plants, resembling the pile of velvet.

                                      Vim

     Vim (?), n. [L., accusative of vis strength.] Power; force; energy;
     spirit; activity; vigor. [Colloq.]

                                     Vimen

     Vi"men (?), n. [L., a twig.] (Bot.) A long, slender, flexible shoot
     or branch.

                                    Viminal

     Vim"i*nal  (?;  277),  a.  [L.  viminalis pertaining to osiers, fr.
     vimen  a pliant twig, osier.] Of or pertaining to twigs; consisting
     of twigs; producing twigs.

                                   Vimineous

     Vi*min"e*ous (?; 277), a. [L. vimineus, fr. vimen pliant twig.]

     1.  Of or pertaining to twigs; made of pliant twigs. "In the hive's
     vimineous dome." Prior.

     2. (Bot.) Producing long, slender twigs or shoots.

                                   Vinaceous

     Vi*na"ceous (?; 277), a. [L. vinaceus. See Vine.]

     1. Belonging to, or like, wine or grapes.

     2. Of the color of wine, especially of red wine.

                                  Vinaigrette

     Vin`ai*grette" (?), n. [F., fr. vinaigre vinegar.]

     1.  (Cookery) A sauce, made of vinegar, oil, and other ingredients,
     -- used esp. for cold meats.

     2. A small perforated box for holding aromatic vinegar contained in
     a  sponge,  or a smelling bottle for smelling salts; -- called also
     vinegarette.

     3.  A small, two-wheeled vehicle, like a Bath chair, to be drawn or
     pushed by a boy or man. [R.]

                                   Vinagrous

     Vin"a*grous (?), a. [F. vinaigre vinegar.]

     1. Resembling vinegar; sour.

     2. Fig.: Unamiable; morose. Carlyle.

                                    Vinasse

     Vi*nasse"  (?),  n.  [F.] (Chem.) The waste liquor remaining in the
     process  of  making  beet  sugar,  --  used  in  the manufacture of
     potassium carbonate.

                                   Vinatico

     Vi*nat"i*co  (?), n. [Pg. vinhatico.] Madeira mahogany; the coarse,
     dark-colored wood of the Persea Indica.

                                  Vincentian

     Vin*cen"tian  (?), a. Of or pertaining to Saint Vincent de Paul, or
     founded by him. [R.]

                                  Vincentian

     Vin*cen"tian,  n. (R. C. Ch.) (a) Same as Lazarist. (b) A member of
     certain charitable sisterhoods.

                                  Vincetoxin

     Vin`ce*tox"in  (?),  n. (Chem.) A glucoside extracted from the root
     of  the  white swallowwort (Vincetoxicum officinale, a plant of the
     Asclepias family) as a bitter yellow amorphous substance; -- called
     also asclepiadin, and cynanchin.

                                  Vincibility

     Vin`ci*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality or state of being vincible,
     vincibleness.

                                   Vincible

     Vin"ci*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  vincibilis,  fr.  vincere  to  vanquish,
     conquer: cf. F. vincible. See Victor.] Capable of being overcome or
     subdued;  conquerable.  "He,  not vincible in spirit . . . drew his
     sword." Hayward. "Vincible by human aid." Paley.

   Vincible ignorance (Theol.), ignorance within the individual's control
   and for which, therefore, he is responsible before God.

                                 Vincibleness

   Vin"ci*ble*ness, n. The quality or state of being vincible.

                                   Vincture

   Vinc"ture (?; 135), n. [L. vinctura, fr. vincire, vinctum, to bind.] A
   binding. [Obs.]

                                   Vinculum

   Vin"cu*lum  (?),  n.;  pl. L. Vincula (#), E. Vinculums (#). [L., from
   vincire, vinctum, to bind.]

   1. A bond of union; a tie.

   2. (Math.) A straight, horizontal mark placed over two or more members
   of  a  compound  quantity,  which  are  to  be  subjected  to the same
   operation,  as  in the expression x2 + y2 - x + y. <-- the same effect
   is  more  usually  obtained  by  enclosing  the  expression  under the
   vinculum in parentheses. -->

   3. (Anat.) A band or bundle of fibers; a fr\'91num.

   4. (Zo\'94l.) A commissure uniting the two main tendons in the foot of
   certain birds.

                                   Vindemial

   Vin*de"mi*al  (?),  a.  [L.  vindemialis,  fr. vindemia a vintage. See
   Vintage.] Of or pertaining to a vintage, or grape harvest. [R.]

                                  Vindemiate

   Vin*de"mi*ate (?), v. i. [L. vindemiare. See Vindemial.] To gather the
   vintage. [Obs.] Evelyn.

                                 Vindemiation

   Vin*de`mi*a"tion (?), n. [LL. vindemiatio.] The operation of gathering
   grapes. [Obs.] Bailey.

                                  Vindicable

   Vin"di*ca*ble    (?),    a.    Capable   of   being   vindicated.   --
   Vin`di*ca*bil"i*ty (#), n.

                                   Vindicate

   Vin"di*cate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vindicated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vindicating.]  [L.  vindicatus,  p.  p.  of vindicare to lay claim to,
   defend, avenge. See Vengeance.]

   1. To lay claim to; to assert a right to; to claim. [R.]

     Is  thine alone the seed that strews the plain? The birds of heaven
     shall vindicate their grain. Pope.

   2. To maintain or defend with success; to prove to be valid; to assert
   convincingly;  to  sustain  against assault; as, to vindicate a right,
   claim, or title.

   3. To support or maintain as true or correct, against denial, censure,
   or objections; to defend; to justify.

     When  the  respondent  denies  any  proposition,  the opponent must
     directly vindicate . . . that proposition. I. Watts.

     Laugh where we must, be candid where we can, But vindicate the ways
     of God to man. Pope.

   4. To maintain, as a law or a cause, by overthrowing enemies. Milton.

   5. To liberate; to set free; to deliver. [Obs.]

     I  am  confident  he deserves much more That vindicates his country
     from a tyrant Than he that saves a citizen. Massinger.

   6.  To avenge; to punish; as, a war to vindicate or punish infidelity.
   [Obs.] Bacon.

     God   is  more  powerful  to  exact  subjection  and  to  vindicate
     rebellion. Bp. Pearson.

   Syn. -- To assert; maintain; claim. See Assert.

                                  Vindication

   Vin`di*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  vindicatio  a  laying  claim,  defense,
   vindication. See Vindicate.]

   1.  The act of vindicating, or the state of being vindicated; defense;
   justification  against  denial  or  censure;  as,  the  vindication of
   opinions; his vindication is complete.

     Occasion for the vindication of this passage in my book. Locke.

   2.  (Civil  Law) The claiming a thing as one's own; the asserting of a
   right or title in, or to, a thing. Burrill.

                                  Vindicative

   Vin"di*ca*tive (?; 277), a. [Cf. F. vindicatif. Cf. Vindictive.]

   1. Tending to vindicate; vindicating; as, a vindicative policy.

   2. Revengeful; vindictive. [Obs.]

     Vindicative  persons  live  the  life  of witches, who, as they are
     mischievous, so end they infortunate. Bacon.

   -- Vin"di*ca*tive*ness, n.

                                  Vindicator

   Vin"di*ca`tor  (?),  n. [LL., an avenger.] One who vindicates; one who
   justifies or maintains. Locke.

                                  Vindicatory

   Vin"di*ca*to*ry (?), a.

   1.   Tending  or  serving  to  vindicate  or  justify;  justificatory;
   vindicative.

   2. Inflicting punishment; avenging; punitory.

     The  afflictions  of  Job  were  no vindicatory punishments to take
     vengeance of his sins. Abp. Bramhall.

                                  Vindictive

   Vin*dic"tive  (?),  a.  [For  vindicative,  confused  with L. vindicta
   revenge, punishment, fr. vindicare to vindicate. Cf. Vindicative.]

   1.   Disposed  to  revenge;  prompted  or  characterized  by  revenge;
   revengeful.

     I am vindictive enough to repel force by force. Dryden.

   2. Punitive. [Obs.]
   Vindictive  damages.  (Law)  See  under Damage, n. -- Vin*dic"tive*ly,
   adv. -- Vin*dic"tive*ness, n.

                                     Vine

   Vine  (?),  n.  [F. vigne, L. vinea a vineyard, vine from vineus of or
   belonging  to  wine,  vinum wine, grapes. See Wine, and cf. Vignette.]
   (Bot.)  (a)  Any woody climbing plant which bears grapes. (b) Hence, a
   climbing  or  trailing plant; the long, slender stem of any plant that
   trails on the ground, or climbs by winding round a fixed object, or by
   seizing  anything  with  its tendrils, or claspers; a creeper; as, the
   hop  vine; the bean vine; the vines of melons, squashes, pumpkins, and
   other cucurbitaceous plants.

     There shall be no grapes on the vine. Jer. viii. 13.

     And  one  went out into the field to gather herbs, and found a wild
     vine, and gathered thereof wild gourds. 2 Kings iv. 89.

   Vine  apple  (Bot.),  a  small kind of squash. Roger Williams. -- Vine
   beetle  (Zo\'94l.),  any  one  of several species of beetles which are
   injurious  to  the leaves or branches of the grapevine. Among the more
   important  species  are  the  grapevine fidia (see Fidia), the spotted
   Pelidnota  (see  Rutilian), the vine fleabeetle (Graptodera chalybea),
   the rose beetle (see under Rose), the vine weevil, and several species
   of  Colaspis  and  Anomala.  --  Vine borer. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any one of
   several  species of beetles whose larv\'91 bore in the wood or pith of
   the  grapevine,  especially  Sinoxylon  basilare,  a small species the
   larva  of  which  bores  in  the stems, and Ampeloglypter sesostris, a
   small  reddish  brown weevil (called also vine weevil), which produces
   knotlike  galls  on  the  branches.  (b)  A  clearwing moth (\'92geria
   polistiformis), whose larva bores in the roots of the grapevine and is
   often  destructive.  --  Vine dragon, an old and fruitless branch of a
   vine.  [Obs.] Holland. -- Vine forester (Zo\'94l.), any one of several
   species of moths belonging to Alypia and allied genera, whose larv\'91
   feed  on  the  leaves  of the grapevine. -- Vine fretter (Zo\'94l.), a
   plant  louse, esp. the phylloxera that injuries the grapevine. -- Vine
   grub  (Zo\'94l.),  any one of numerous species of insect larv\'91 that
   are  injurious to the grapevine. -- Vine hopper (Zo\'94l.), any one of
   several  species  of leaf hoppers which suck the sap of the grapevine,
   especially  Erythroneura  vitis.  See  Illust.  of Grape hopper, under
   Grape.  --  Vine  inchworm  (Zo\'94l.),  the  larva  of any species of
   geometrid  moths which feed on the leaves of the grapevine, especially
   Cidaria  diversilineata.  --  Vine-leaf rooer (Zo\'94l.), a small moth
   (Desmia  maculalis)  whose larva makes a nest by rolling up the leaves
   of  the  grapevine. The moth is brownish black, spotted with white. --
   Vine  louse  (Zo\'94l.),  the  phylloxera.  --  Vine  mildew (Bot.), a
   fungous  growth  which forms a white, delicate, cottony layer upon the
   leaves,  young shoots, and fruit of the vine, causing brown spots upon
   the  green  parts,  and  finally  a  hardening  and destruction of the
   vitality of the surface. The plant has been called Oidium Tuckeri, but
   is  now  thought  to be the conidia-producing stage of an Erysiphe. --
   Vine  of  Sodom  (Bot.), a plant named in the Bible (Deut. xxxii. 32),
   now  thought  to  be  identical  with the apple of Sodom. See Apple of
   Sodom,  under  Apple.  -- Vine sawfly (Zo\'94l.), a small black sawfiy
   (Selandria  vitis) whose larva feeds upon the leaves of the grapevine.
   The  larv\'91  stand  side  by side in clusters while feeding. -- Vine
   slug  (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the vine sawfly. -- Vine sorrel (Bot.),
   a  climbing  plant (Cissus acida) related to the grapevine, and having
   acid  leaves.  It  is  found  in  Florida and the West Indies. -- Vine
   sphinx  (Zo\'94l.),  any  one  of  several  species of hawk moths. The
   larv\'91 feed on grapevine leaves. -- Vine weevil. (Zo\'94l.) See Vine
   borer (a) above, and Wound gall, under Wound.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1611

                                    Vineal

   Vi"ne*al  (?), a. [L. vinealis.] Of or pertaining to vines; containing
   vines. [R.] Sir T. Browne.

                                   Vine-clad

   Vine"-clad` (?), a. Covered with vines.

                                     Vined

   Vined  (?),  a.  Having leaves like those of the vine; ornamented with
   vine leaves. "Vined and figured columns." Sir H. Wotton.

                                  Vinedresser

   Vine"dress`er  (?),  n.  One  who  cultivates,  prunes,  or cares for,
   grapevines; a laborer in a vineyard.

     The  sons  of the shall be your plowmen and your vinedressers. Isa.
     lxi. 5.

                                    Vinegar

   Vin"e*gar  (?),  n.  [OE.  vinegre, F. vinaigre; vin wine (L. vinum) +
   aigre sour. See Wine, and Eager, a.]

   1.  A  sour  liquid  used  as  a  condiment, or as a preservative, and
   obtained   by  the  spontaneous  (acetous)  fermentation,  or  by  the
   artificial oxidation, of wine, cider, beer, or the like.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ch aracteristic so urness of  vi negar is  due to
     acetic acid, of which it contains from three to five per cent. Wine
     vinegar contains also tartaric acid, citric acid, etc.

   2. Hence, anything sour; -- used also metaphorically.

     Here's  the  challenge:  . . . I warrant there's vinegar and pepper
     in't. Shak.

   Aromatic  vinegar,  strong  acetic  acid highly flavored with aromatic
   substances.  -- Mother of vinegar. See 4th Mother. -- Radical vinegar,
   acetic  acid.  --  Thieves'  vinegar.  See under Thief. -- Vinegar eel
   (Zo\'94l.),  a minute nematode worm (Leptodera oxophila, or Anguillula
   acetiglutinis),  commonly  found  in  great  numbers  in vinegar, sour
   paste,  and  other  fermenting  vegetable  substances;  -- called also
   vinegar worm. -- Vinegar lamp (Chem.), a fanciful name of an apparatus
   designed  to  oxidize  alcohol to acetic acid by means of platinum. --
   Vinegar  plant.  See 4th Mother. -- Vinegar tree (Bot.), the stag-horn
   sumac  (Rhus  typhina), whose acid berries have been used to intensify
   the sourness of vinegar. -- Wood vinegar. See under Wood.

                                    Vinegar

   Vin"e*gar,  v.  t.  To  convert into vinegar; to make like vinegar; to
   render sour or sharp. [Obs.]

     Hoping that he hath vinegared his senses As he was bid. B. Jonson.

                                  Vinegarette

   Vin`e*gar*ette" (?), n. See Vinaigrette, n., 2.

                                   Vinegary

   Vin"e*gar*y (?), a. Having the nature of vinegar; sour; unamiable.

                                     Viner

   Vin"er (?), n. A vinedresser. [Obs.]

                                    Vinery

   Vin"er*y (?), n.

   1. A vineyard. [Obs.] "The vinery of Ramer." Fabyan.

   2.   A  structure,  usually  inclosed  with  glass,  for  rearing  and
   protecting vines; a grapery.

                                    Vinette

   Vi*nette"  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Vignette.]  A  sprig  or  branch. [Archaic]
   Halliwell.

                                    Vinewed

   Vin"ewed (?), a. Same as Vinnewed.

                                   Vineyard

   Vine"yard  (?), n. [For OE. winyard, AS. w\'c6ngeard; influenced by E.
   vine.  See  Wine,  and  Yard  an  inclosure.] An inclosure or yard for
   grapevines; a plantation of vines producing grapes.

                                  Vineyardist

   Vine"yard*ist, n. One who cultivates a vineyard.

                                  Vingt et un

   Vingt`  et`  un" (?). [F., twenty and one.] A game at cards, played by
   two or more persons. The fortune of each player depends upon obtaining
   from  the  dealer  such cards that the sum of their pips, or spots, is
   twenty-one,  or  a  number  near  to  it.<-- also called blackjack, or
   twenty-one.   There   are   several   variations  (such  as  Caribbean
   blackjack).  In  the most common variation played in casinos, there is
   one  dealer  and  up  to  seven  players.  The players and dealer each
   receive  two  cards,  and the players in turn decide whether they will
   request  additional  cards ("hit"), the objective being to reach a sum
   of  card  values as close as possible to twenty-one, without exceeding
   that number. If, on hitting, the player's total card values exceed 21,
   he  has "busted", and lost his bet. Otherwise, the player wins only if
   his  total card values exceed those of the dealer. "picture cards" (or
   "face cards", being the jack, queen, and king) are counted as having a
   value of ten. The ace may count as one or ten, at the player's option.
   Other  than  to  hit,  there  are  also  other possible actions by the
   player,  such  as  to "double down" (receive only one additional card,
   while doubling the initial bet), or to "split" (if the first two cards
   have the same value). -->

                                    Vingtun

   Vingt`un" (?), n. Contraction for Vingt et un.

                                     Vinic

   Vin"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to wine; as, vinic alcohol.

                                  Viniculture

   Vin"i*cul`ture  (?),  n.  [L.  vinum  wine  +  cultura  culture.]  The
   cultivation of the vine, esp. for making wine; viticulture.

                                   Vinnewed

   Vin"newed (?), a. [See Fenowed.] Moldy; musty. [Written also vinewed.]
   [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] -- Vin"newed*ness, n. [Obs.]

     Many  of Chaucer's words are become, as it were, vinnewed and hoary
     with over-long lying. F. Beaumont.

                                     Vinny

   Vin"ny (?), a. Vinnewed. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

                                   Vinolency

   Vin"o*len*cy  (?),  n.  [L.  vinolentina.  See  Vinolent.] Drunkennes.
   [Obs.]

                                   Vinolent

   Vin"o*lent  (?),  a.  [L.  vinolentus, fr. vinum wine.] Given to wine;
   drunken; intemperate. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                   Vinometer

   Vin*om"e*ter  (?),  n.  [L.  vinum  vine  + -meter.] An instrument for
   determining the strength or purity of wine by measuring its density.

                                 Vin ordinaire

   Vin`  or`di`naire"  (?). [F., lit., common wine.] A cheap claret, used
   as a table wine in France.

                                    Vinose

   Vi*nose" (?), a. Vinous.

                                   Vinosity

   Vi*nos"i*ty (?), n. [L. vinositas: cf. F. vinosit\'82.] The quality or
   state of being vinous.

                                    Vinous

   Vi"nous (?), a. [L. vinosus, fr. vinum wine: cf. F. vineux. See Wine.]
   Of  or  pertaining to wine; having the qualities of wine; as, a vinous
   taste.

                                   Vinquish

   Vin"quish (?), n. (Far.) See Vanquish, n.

                                    Vintage

   Vint"age  (?; 48), n. [Corrupted by influence of vintner, vintry, from
   OE. vindage, vendage, for vendange, OF. vendenge, F. vendange, from L.
   vindemia;  vinum  wine,  grapes  +  demere  to  take  off; de + emere,
   originally, to take. See Wine, Redeem, and cf. Vindemial.]

   1.  The  produce of the vine for one season, in grapes or in wine; as,
   the vintage is abundant; the vintage of 1840.

   2. The act or time of gathering the crop of grapes, or making the wine
   for a season.
   Vintage  spring,  a wine fount. -- Vintage time, the time of gathering
   grapes and making wine. Milton.

                                   Vintager

   Vint"a*ger  (?), n. [From Vintage: cf. F. vendangeur.] One who gathers
   the vintage.

                                   Vintaging

   Vint"a*ging  (?),  n.  The  act  of  gathering the vintage, or crop of
   grapes.

                                    Vintner

   Vint"ner  (?),  n. [OE. vintener, viniter, OF. vinetier, vinotier, LL.
   vinetarius,  fr. L. vinetum a vineyard, fr. vinum wine. See Wine.] One
   who deals in wine; a wine seller, or wine merchant.

                                    Vintry

   Vint"ry  (?),  n.  [OE.  viniterie,  from OF. vinotier, vinetier, wine
   merchant. See Vintner.] A place where wine is sold. [Obs.] Ainsworth.

                                     Viny

   Vin"y  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to vines; producing, or abounding in,
   vines. P. Fletcher.

                                     Vinyl

   Vi"nyl (?), n. [L. vinum wine + -yl.] (Chem.) The hypothetical radical
   C2H3,  regarded  as  the  characteristic  residue of ethylene and that
   related  series  of  unsaturated  hydrocarbons  with  which  the allyl
   compounds are homologous.

                                     Viol

   Vi"ol  (?), n. [F. viole; cf. Pr. viola, viula, Sp., Pg., & It. viola,
   LL. vitula; of uncertain origin; perhaps from L. vitulari to celebrate
   a  festival, keep holiday, be joyful, perhaps originally, to sacrifice
   a calf (vitulus; cf. Veal). Cf. Fiddle, Vielle, 2d Viola, Violin.]

   1.  (Mus.)  A stringed musical instrument formerly in use, of the same
   form  as  the violin, but larger, and having six strings, to be struck
   with  a  bow,  and  the  neck  furnished  with  frets for stopping the
   strings.

     Me  softer  airs  befit, and softer strings Of lute, or viol still,
     more apt for mournful things. Milton.

     NOTE: &hand; The name is now applied as a general term to designate
     instruments of the violin kind, as tenor viol, bass viol, etc.

   2.  (Naut.)  A  large rope sometimes used in weighing anchor. [Written
   also voyal, and voyal.] Totten.

                                     Viola

   Vi"o*la  (?),  n.  [L.,  a  violet.  See  Violet.]  (Bot.)  A genus of
   polypetalous herbaceous plants, including all kinds of violets.

                                     Viola

   Vi"o*la  (?),  n. [It. See Viol.] (Mus.) An instrument in form and use
   resembling the violin, but larger, and a fifth lower in compass. Viola
   da  braccio [It., viol for the arm], the tenor viol, or viola, a fifth
   lower  than the violin. Its part is written in the alto clef, hence it
   is  sometimes  called  the  alto. -- Viola da gamba [It., viol for the
   leg], an instrument resembling the viola, but larger, and held between
   the  knees.  It  is now rarely used. -- Viola da spalla [It., viol for
   the  shoulder], an instrument formerly used, resembling the viola, and
   intermediate  in  size  between  the  viola and the viola da gamba. --
   Viola  di  amore  [It.,  viol  of love: cf. F. viole d'amour], a viol,
   larger  than the viola, having catgut strings upon, and brass or steel
   wires  under,  the  keyboard. These, sounding sympathetically with the
   strings,  yield  a peculiarly soft and silvery sound. It is now seldom
   used.

                                   Violable

   Vi"o*la*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  violabilis: cf. F. violable. See Violate.]
   Capable of being violated, broken, or injured. -- Vi"o*la*bly, adv.

                                  Violaceous

   Vi`o*la"ceous (?), a. [L. violaceus, fr. viola a violet.]

   1. Resembling violets in color; bluish purple.

   2.  (Bot.) Of or pertaining to a natural order of plants, of which the
   violet  is  the  type. It contains about twenty genera and two hundred
   and fifty species.

                                  Violaniline

   Vi`o*lan"i*line  (?), n. [Violet + aniline.] (Chem.) A dyestuff of the
   induline group, made from aniline, and used as a substitute for indigo
   in dyeing wool and silk a violet-blue or a gray-blue color.

                                   Violantin

   Vi`o*lan"tin  (?),  n.  [See  Violuric.] (Chem.) A complex nitrogenous
   substance, produced as a yellow crystalline substance, and regarded as
   a complex derivative of barbituric acid.

                                Violaquercitrin

   Vi`o*la*quer"cit*rin  (?),  n.  (Chem.) A yellow crystalline glucoside
   obtained from the pansy (Viola tricolor), and decomposing into glucose
   and quercitrin.

                                  Violascent

   Vi`o*las"cent (?), a. Violescent. [R.]

                                    Violate

   Vi"o*late  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Violates (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Violating.]  [L.  violatus,  p.  p.  of  violare  to  violate, fr. vis
   strength, force. See Violent.]

   1. To treat in a violent manner; to abuse.

     His  wife  Boadicea violated with stripes, his daughters with rape.
     Milton.

   2.  To  do  violence  to, as to anything that should be held sacred or
   respected;  to  profane;  to  desecrate;  to break forcibly; to trench
   upon; to infringe.

     Violated vows 'Twixt the souls of friend and friend. Shak.

     Oft have they violated The temple, oft the law, with foul affronts.
     Milton.

   3.  To  disturb; to interrupt. "Employed, it seems, to violate sleep."
   Milton.

   4.  To  commit  rape  on;  to  ravish;  to outrage. Syn. -- To injure;
   disturb;  interrupt;  infringe; transgress; profane; deflour; debauch;
   dishonor.

                                   Violation

   Vi`o*la"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  violatio:  cf.  F. violation.] The act of
   violating,  treating  with  violence,  or injuring; the state of being
   violated.    Specifically:   --   (a)   Infringement;   transgression;
   nonobservance;  as,  the  violation  of  law  or  positive command, of
   covenants,  promises,  etc.  "The violation of my faith." Shak. (b) An
   act   of  irreverence  or  desecration;  profanation  or  contemptuous
   treatment  of sacred things; as, the violation of a church. Udall. (c)
   Interruption, as of sleep or peace; disturbance. (d) Ravishment; rape;
   outrage. Shak.

                                   Violative

   Vi"o*la*tive (?), a. Violating, or tending to violate.

                                   Violator

   Vi"o*la`tor (?), n. [L.] One who violates; an infringer; a profaner; a
   ravisher.

                                     Viole

   Vi"ole (?), n. A vial. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                   Violence

   Vi"o*lence (?), n. [F., fr. L. violentia. See Violent.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being violent; highly excited action,
   whether physical or moral; vehemence; impetuosity; force.

     That  seal  You  ask  with such a violence, the king, Mine and your
     master, with his own hand gave me. Shak.

     All  the  elements  At  least had gone to wrack, disturbed and torn
     With the violence of this conflict. Milton.

   2.  Injury  done  to  that which is entitled to respect, reverence, or
   observance; profanation; infringement; unjust force; outrage; assault.

     Do violence to do man. Luke iii. 14.

     We  can  not,  without offering violence to all records, divine and
     human, deny an universal deluge. T. Burnet.

     Looking down, he saw The whole earth filled with violence. Milton.

   3. Ravishment; rape; constupration.
   To  do  violence  on, to attack; to murder. "She . . . did violence on
   herself."  Shak.  --  To do violence to, to outrage; to injure; as, he
   does  violence  to  his  own  opinions.  Syn.  --  Vehemence; outrage;
   fierceness;    eagerness;    violation;    infraction;   infringement;
   transgression; oppression.

                                   Violence

   Vi"o*lence,  v.  t. To assault; to injure; also, to bring by violence;
   to compel. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

                                    Violent

   Vi"o*lent  (?),  a.  [F., from L. violentus, from vis strength, force;
   probably akin to Gr.

   1.  Moving  or  acting  with physical strength; urged or impelled with
   force;  excited  by  strong  feeling  or  passion; forcible; vehement;
   impetuous;  fierce;  furious;  severe; as, a violent blow; the violent
   attack of a disease.

     Float upon a wild and violent sea. Shak.

     A violent cross wind from either coast. Milton.

   2.  Acting,  characterized,  or  produced by unjust or improper force;
   outrageous;  unauthorized;  as,  a violent attack on the right of free
   speech.

     To bring forth more violent deeds. Milton.

     Some violent hands were laid on Humphrey's life. Shak.

   3.   Produced  or  effected  by  force;  not  spontaneous;  unnatural;
   abnormal.

     These violent delights have violent ends. Shak.

     No violent state can be perpetual. T. Burnet.

     Ease would recant Vows made in pain, as violent and void. Milton.

   Violent  presumption  (Law),  presumption  of  a fact that arises from
   proof of circumstances which necessarily attend such facts. -- Violent
   profits  (Scots  Law),  rents  or  profits  of an estate obtained by a
   tenant  wrongfully holding over after warning. They are recoverable in
   a   process   of  removing.  Syn.  --  Fierce;  vehement;  outrageous;
   boisterous; turbulent; impetuous; passionate; severe; extreme.

                                    Violent

   Vi"o*lent, n. An assailant. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.

                                    Violent

   Vi"o*lent,  v.  t.  [Cf.  F. violenter.] To urge with violence. [Obs.]
   Fuller.

                                    Violent

   Vi"o*lent, v. i. To be violent; to act violently. [Obs.]

     The  grief is fine, full, perfect, that I taste, An violenteth in a
     sense as strong As that which causeth it. Shak.

                                   Violently

   Vi"o*lent*ly, adv. In a violent manner.

                                  Violescent

   Vi`o*les"cent  (?), a. [L. viola a violet.] Tending to a violet color;
   violascent.

                                    Violet

   Vi"o*let  (?),  n.  [F. violette a violet (cf. violet violet-colored),
   dim. of OF. viole a violet, L. viola; akin to Gr. Iodine.]

   1. (Bot.) Any plant or flower of the genus Viola, of many species. The
   violets  are generally low, herbaceous plants, and the flowers of many
   of  the  species  are  blue,  while  others are white or yellow, or of
   several colors, as the pansy (Viola tricolor).

     NOTE: &hand; Th e cu ltivated sw eet vi olet is  Vi ola od orata of
     Europe.  The  common blue violet of the eastern United States is V.
     cucullata; the sand, or bird-foot, violet is V. pedata.

   2.  The  color of a violet, or that part of the spectrum farthest from
   red. It is the most refrangible part of the spectrum.

   3.  In art, a color produced by a combination of red and blue in equal
   proportions; a bluish purple color. Mollett.

   4.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  numerous species of small violet-colored
   butterflies belonging to Lyc\'91na, or Rusticus, and allied genera.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1612

   Corn violet. See under Corn. -- Dame's violet. (Bot.) See Damewort. --
   Dogtooth violet. (Bot.) See under Dogtooth. -- Water violet (Bot.), an
   aquatic  European herb (Hottonia palustris) with pale purplish flowers
   and pinnatifid leaves.

                                    Violet

   Vi"o*let  (?), a. [Cf. F. violet. See Violet, n.] Dark blue, inclining
   to  red;  bluish  purple;  having  a  color  produced  by red and blue
   combined.  Violet shell (Zo\'94l.), any species of Ianthina; -- called
   also  violet  snail.  See  Lanthina.  --  Violet wood, a name given to
   several  kinds  of hard purplish or reddish woods, as king wood, myall
   wood, and the wood of the Andira violacea, a tree of Guiana.

                                  Violet-tip

   Vi"o*let-tip"  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) A very handsome American butterfly
   (Polygonia interrogationis). Its wings are mottled with various shades
   of red and brown and have violet tips.

                                    Violin

   Vi`o*lin"  (?),  n.  [It.  violino, dim. of viola. See Viol.] (Mus.) A
   small instrument with four strings, played with a bow; a fiddle.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e vi olin is  di stinguished for the brilliancy and
     gayety,  as well as the power and variety, of its tones, and in the
     orchestra it is the leading and most important instrument.

                                    Violine

   Vi"o*line  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  (a) A pale yellow amorphous substance of
   alkaloidal  nature  and emetic properties, said to have been extracted
   from  the  root  and foliage of the violet (Viola). (b) Mauve aniline.
   See under Mauve.

                                   Violinist

   Vi`o*lin"ist  (?), n. [Cf. F. violiniste, violoniste, It. violonista.]
   A player on the violin.

                                    Violist

   Vi"ol*ist (?), n. [Cf. F. violiste.] A player on the viol.

                                 Violoncellist

   Vi`o*lon*cel"list (?), n. [Cf. F. violoncelliste, It. violoncellista.]
   A player on the violoncello.

                                  Violoncello

   Vi`o*lon*cel"lo  (?; 277), n. [It. violoncello, dim. of violone a bass
   viol. See Violone.] (Mus.) A stringed instrument of music; a bass viol
   of  four  strings,  or  a bass violin with long, large strings, giving
   sounds an octave lower than the viola, or tenor or alto violin.

                                    Violone

   Vi`o*lo"ne  (?), n. [It. violone, augment. of viola a viol. See Viol.]
   (Mus.)  The  largest  instrument of the bass-viol kind, having strings
   tuned  an  octave  below those of the violoncello; the contrabasso; --
   called also double bass. [Written also violono.]

                                    Violous

   Vi"o*lous (?), a. Violent. [Obs.] J. Fletcher.

                                   Violuric

   Vi`o*lu"ric  (?), a. [Violet + barbituric.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to,
   or designating, a complex nitroso derivative of barbituric acid. It is
   obtained  as  a  white  or  yellow  crystalline  substance,  and forms
   characteristic yellow, blue, and violet salts.

                                     Viper

   Vi"per (?), n. [F. vip\'8are, L. vipera, probably contr. fr. vivipera;
   vivus alive + parere to bring forth, because it was believed to be the
   only  serpent  that  brings forth living young. Cf. Quick, a., Parent,
   Viviparous, Wivern, Weever.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of Old World venomous makes
   belonging  to  Vipera,  Clotho, Daboia, and other genera of the family
   Viperid\'91.

     There  came a viper out of the heat, and fastened on his hand. Acts
     xxviii. 3.

     NOTE: &hand; Am ong th e be st-known species are the European adder
     (Pelias berus), the European asp (Vipera aspis), the African horned
     viper (V. cerastes), and the Indian viper (Daboia Russellii).

   2. A dangerous, treacherous, or malignant person.

     Who  committed  To  such  a viper his most sacred trust Of secrecy.
     Milton.

   Horned  viper.  (Zo\'94l.)  See Cerastes. -- Red viper (Zo\'94l.), the
   copperhead. -- Viper fish (Zo\'94l.), a small, slender, phosphorescent
   deep-sea  fish  (Chauliodus  Sloanii).  It has long ventral and dorsal
   fins,  a  large  mouth, and very long, sharp teeth. -- Viper's bugloss
   (Bot.),  a  rough-leaved  biennial  herb (Echium vulgare) having showy
   purplish  blue  flowers.  It is sometimes cultivated, but has become a
   pestilent  weed  in fields from New York to Virginia. Also called blue
   weed.  -- Viper's grass (Bot.), a perennial composite herb (Scorzonera
   Hispanica)  with  narrow,  entire leaves, and solitary heads of yellow
   flowers.  The  long,  white,  carrot-shaped roots are used for food in
   Spain and some other countries. Called also viper grass.

                                   Viperina

   Vi`per*i"na (?), n. pl. (Zo\'94l.) See Viperoidea.

                                   Viperine

   Vi"per*ine  (?;  277),  a.  [L.  viperinus:  cf. F. vip\'82rin.] Of or
   pertaining  to  a viper or vipers; resembling a viper. Viperine snake.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  Any  venomous  snake of the family Viperid\'91. (b) A
   harmless  snake resembling a viper in form or color, esp. Tropidonotus
   viperinus,  a  small  European  species  which  resembles the viper in
   color.

                                   Viperish

   Vi"per*ish, a. Somewhat like a viper; viperous.

                            Viperoidea, Viperoides

   Vi`per*oi"de*a  (?),  Vi`per*oi"des  (?),  n.  pl. [NL. See Viper, and
   -oid.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  division  of  serpents  which includes the true
   vipers  of  the  Old World and the rattlesnakes and moccasin snakes of
   America; -- called also Viperina.

                                   Viperous

   Vi"per*ous  (?),  a.  Having  the  qualities  of  a  viper; malignant;
   venomous;  as,  a  viperous  tongue. "This viperous slander." Shak. --
   Vi"per*ous*ly, adv.

                                  Viraginian

   Vi`ra*gin"i*an  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a virago; having the
   qualities of a virago. Milton.

                                  Viraginity

   Vi`ra*gin"i*ty (?), n. The qualities or characteristics of a virago.

                                    Virago

   Vi*ra"go  (?; 277), n.; pl. Viragoes (#). [L. virago, -intis, from vir
   a man. See Virile.]

   1.  A  woman  of extraordinary stature, strength, and courage; a woman
   who has the robust body and masculine mind of a man; a female warrior.

     To arms! to arms! the fierce virago cries. Pope.

   2.  Hence,  a  mannish  woman; a bold, turbulent woman; a termagant; a
   vixen.

     Virago . . . serpent under femininity. Chaucer.

                                     Vire

   Vire  (?),  n.  [OF.  vire,  fr. virer to turn. Cf. Veer, Vireton.] An
   arrow,  having  a  rotary motion, formerly used with the crossbow. Cf.
   Vireton. Gower.

                                    Virelay

   Vir"e*lay  (?), n. [F. virelai; virer to turn + lai a song, a lay.] An
   ancient French song, or short poem, wholly in two rhymes, and composed
   in short lines, with a refrain.

     Of  such  matter  made  he  many  lays, Songs, complains, roundels,
     virelayes. Chaucer.

     To which a lady sung a virelay. Dryden.

     NOTE: &hand; "T he vi relay ad mitted on ly tw o rhymes, and, after
     employing one for some time, the poet was virer, or to turn, to the
     other."

   Nares.

                                    Virent

   Vi"rent  (?), a. [L. virens, p. pr. of virere to be green.] Green; not
   withered. [R.] Sir T. Browne.

                                     Vireo

   Vir"e*o  (?),  n.  [L.,  a  species  of  bird.]  (Zo\'94l.) Any one of
   numerous  species  of  American  singing  birds belonging to Vireo and
   allied  genera  of the family Vireonid\'91. In many of the species the
   back is greenish, or olive-colored. Called also greenlet.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e Eastern United States the most common species
     are  the white-eyed vireo (Vireo Noveboracensis), the redeyed vireo
     (V.   olivaceus),   the   blue-headed,   or   solitary,  vireo  (V.
     solitarius),    the   warbling   vireo   (V.   gilvus),   and   the
     yellow-throated  vireo (V. flavifrons). All these are noted for the
     sweetness of their songs.

                                  Virescence

   Vi*res"cence  (?),  (Bot.)  The act or state of becoming green through
   the formation of chlorophyll.

                                   Virescent

   Vi*res"cent  (?), a. [L. virescens, p. pr. of virescere to grow green,
   verb  incho.  fr. virere to be green.] Beginning to be green; slightly
   green; greenish.

                                    Vireton

   Vir"e*ton  (?),  n.  [F.  See  Vire.]  An arrow or bolt for a crossbow
   having  feathers or brass placed at an angle with the shaft to make it
   spin in flying.

                                   Virgalieu

   Vir"ga*lieu (?), n. [Cf. Virgouleuse.] (Bot.) A valuable kind of pear,
   of  an  obovate  shape  and with melting flesh of delicious flavor; --
   more   properly  called  White  Doyenn\'82.  [Written  also  virgaloo,
   vergalieu, vergaloo, etc.]

                                    Virgate

   Vir"gate  (?),  a.  [L. virgatus made of twigs, fr. virga a twig, rod.
   See  Verge  a  rod.]  (Bot.)  Having  the  form  of  a  straight  rod;
   wand-shaped; straight and slender.

                                    Virgate

   Vir"gate,  n.  [LL.  virgata,  virgata  terrae,  so much land as virga
   terrae,  a  land  measure,  contains,  fr.  L.  virga  a twig, rod.] A
   yardland,  or  measure  of  land  varying from fifteen to forty acres.
   [Obs.] T. Warton.

                                   Virgated

   Vir"ga*ted  (?),  a.  [L.  virgatus striped. See Virgate, a.] Striped;
   streaked. [Obs.]

                                     Virge

   Virge (?), n. A wand. See Verge. [Obs.]

                                    Virger

   Vir"ger (?), n. See Verger. [Obs.]

                                   Virgilian

   Vir*gil"i*an  (?),  a.  [L.  Virgilianus,  better  Vergilianus.] Of or
   pertaining  to Virgil, the Roman poet; resembling the style of Virgil.
   [Spelt also Vergilian.]

     The rich Virgilian rustic measure Of Lari Maxume. Tennyson.

                                    Virgin

   Vir"gin  (?),  n.  [L.  virgo, -inis: cf. OF. virgine, virgene, virge,
   vierge, F. vierge.]

   1. A woman who has had no carnal knowledge of man; a maid.

   2.  A  person  of  the  male  sex who has not known sexual indulgence.
   [Archaic] Wyclif.

     These  are  they  which  were  not defiled with women; for they are
     virgins. Rev. xiv. 4.

     He his flesh hath overcome; He was a virgin, as he said. Gower.

   3. (Astron.) See Virgo.

   4.   (Zo\'94l.)   Any   one  of  several  species  of  gossamer-winged
   butterflies of the family Lyc\'91nid\'91.

   5.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  female  insect  producing eggs from which young are
   hatched,   though   there  has  been  no  fecundation  by  a  male;  a
   parthenogenetic insect.
   The  Virgin, OR The Blessed Virgin, the Virgin Mary, the Mother of our
   Lord.  --  Virgin's  bower  (Bot.),  a  name given to several climbing
   plants  of  the  genus  Clematis,  as  C.  Vitalba  of  Europe, and C.
   Virginiana of North America.

                                    Virgin

   Vir"gin (?), a.

   1.  Being  a  virgin; chaste; of or pertaining to a virgin; becoming a
   virgin;  maidenly;  modest;  indicating  modesty;  as, a virgin blush.
   "Virgin shame." Cowley.

     Innocence  and  virgin  modesty  .  .  .  That  would be wooed, and
     unsought be won. Milton.

   2. Pure; undefiled; unmixed; fresh; new; as, virgin soil; virgin gold.
   "Virgin Dutch." G. W. Cable.

     The white cold virgin snow upon my heart. Shak.

     A few ounces of mutton, with a little virgin oil. Landor.

   3. Not yet pregnant; impregnant. Milton.

                                    Virgin

   Vir"gin, v. i. To act the virgin; to be or keep chaste; -- followed by
   it.  See  It, 5. [Obs.] "My true lip hath virgined it e'er since [that
   kiss]." Shak.

                                   Virginal

   Vir"gin*al  (?), a. [L. virginalis: cf. F. virginal.] Of or pertaining
   to  a  virgin;  becoming  a  virgin;  maidenly.  "Chastity  and  honor
   virginal."  Spenser.  Virginal generation (Biol.), parthenogenesis. --
   Virginal membrane (Anat.), the hymen.

                                   Virginal

   Vir"gin*al,  n.  [Cf.  F.  virginale; -- probably so called from being
   used  by  young  girls,  or  virgins.]  (Mus.)  An instrument somewhat
   resembling  the  spinet, but having a rectangular form, like the small
   piano.  It  had  strings  and  keys,  but only one wire to a note. The
   instrument  was  used  in  the  sixteenth  century,  but is now wholly
   obsolete. It was sometimes called a pair of virginals.

                                   Virginal

   Vir"gin*al,  v.  i.  To play with the fingers, as if on a virginal; to
   tap or pat. [Obs.] "Still virginaling upon his palm!" Shak.

                                  Virginhood

   Vir"gin*hood (?), n. Virginity; maidenhood.

                                   Virginia

   Vir*gin"i*a (?), n. One of the States of the United States of America.
   --  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to the State of Virginia. Virginia cowslip
   (Bot.),  the  American  lungwort  (Mertensia  Virginica).  -- Virginia
   creeper   (Bot.),  a  common  ornamental  North  American  woody  vine
   (Ampelopsis  quinquefolia), climbing extensively by means of tendrils;
   --  called  also woodbine, and American ivy. [U.S.] -- Virginia fence.
   See  Worm  fence, under Fence. -- Virginia nightingale (Zo\'94l.), the
   cardinal  bird.  See under Cardinal. -- Virginia quail (Zo\'94l.), the
   bobwhite.  --  Virginia reel, an old English contradance; -- so called
   in  the  United  States. Bartlett. -- Virginia stock. (Bot.) See Mahon
   stock.

                                   Virginity

   Vir*gin"i*ty (?), n. [OE. virgintee, F. virginit\'82, L. virginitas.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  a  virgin; undefiled purity or
   chastity; maidenhood.

   2. The unmarried life; celibacy. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                     Virgo

   Vir"go  (?),  n.  [L.  virgo  a virgin, the constellation Virgo in the
   zodiac.  See Virgin.] (Astron.) (a) A sign of the zodiac which the sun
   enters  about  the  21st  of August, marked thus [] in almanacs. (b) A
   constellation of the zodiac, now occupying chiefly the sign Libra, and
   containing the bright star Spica.

                                  Virgouleuse

   Vir"gou*leuse   (?),   n.   [F.   virgouleuse,  from  the  village  of
   Virgoul\'82e,  near Limoges.] (Bot.) An old French variety of pear, of
   little value.

                                  Virgularian

   Vir`gu*la"ri*an (?), n. [From. L. virgula a small rod.] (Zo\'94l.) Any
   one  of  numerous  species  of  long,  slender Alcyonaria belonging to
   Virgularia  and  allied  genera  of  the  family Virgularid\'91. These
   corals  are  allied  to  the sea-pens, but have a long rodlike rhachis
   inclosing  a slender, round or square, calcareous axis. The polyps are
   arranged  in  transverse  rows  or  clusters  along  each  side of the
   rhachis.

                                   Virgulate

   Vir"gu*late (?), a. Shaped like a little twig or rod.

                                    Virgule

   Vir"gule (?), n. [F. virgule, fr. L. virgula, dim. of virga. See Verge
   a rod.] A comma. [R.]

     In the MSS. of Chaucer, the line is always broken by a c\'91sura in
     the middle, which is pointed by a virgule. Hallam.

                                    Virial

   Vir"i*al  (?), n. [L. vis, viris, force.] (Physics) A certain function
   relating  to  a  system  of forces and their points of application, --
   first  used  by Clausius in the investigation of problems in molecular
   physics.

                                     Virid

   Vir"id (?), a. [L. viridis green. See Verdant.] Green. [Obs.]

     The virid marjoram Her sparkling beauty did but see. Crompton.

                                 Viridescence

   Vir`i*des"cence (?), n. Quality or state of being viridescent.

                                  Viridescent

   Vir`i*des"cent  (?), a. [L. viridescens, p. pr. of viridescere to grow
   green.] Slightly green; greenish.

                                   Viridine

   Vir"i*dine  (?),  n.  [L.  viridis  green.]  (Chem.) A greenish, oily,
   nitrogenous   hydrocarbon,  C12H19N7,  obtained  from  coal  tar,  and
   probably  consisting of a mixture of several metameric compounds which
   are higher derivatives of the base pyridine.

                                   Viridite

   Vir"i*dite  (?),  n.  [L.  viridis green.] (Min.) A greenish chloritic
   mineral  common  in  certain igneous rocks, as diabase, as a result of
   alternation.

                                   Viridity

   Vi*rid"i*ty   (?),  n.  [L.  viriditas,  fr.  viridis  green:  cf.  F.
   viridit\'82. See Verdant.]

   1. Greenness; verdure; the color of grass and foliage.

   2. Freshness; soundness. [Obs.] Evelyn.

                                   Viridness

   Vir"id*ness (?), n. Viridity; greenness.

                                    Virile

   Vi"rile  (?; 277), a. [L. virilis, fr. vir a man; akin to AS. wer: cf.
   F.  viril.  See  Werewolf,  World,  and cf. Decemvir, Virago, Virtue.]
   Having  the  nature,  properties,  or  qualities,  of  an  adult  man;
   characteristic  of  developed  manhood;  hence,  masterful;  forceful;
   specifically,  capable  of begetting; -- opposed to womanly, feminine,
   and puerile; as, virile age, virile power, virile organs.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1613

                                   Virility

   Vi*ril"i*ty (?), n. [L. virilitas: cf. F. virilit\'82.] The quality or
   state  of  being  virile;  developed  manhood; manliness; specif., the
   power of procreation; as, exhaustion. "Virility of visage." Holland.

                                  Viripotent

   Vi*rip"o*tent  (?),  a.  [L.  vir  man + potens fit for.] Developed in
   manhood; hence, able to beget; marriageable. [Obs.]

     Being not of ripe years, not viripotent. Holinshed.

                                   Virmilion

   Vir*mil"ion (?), n. See Vermilion. [R.]

                                    Virole

   Vi*role"  (?),  n.  [F.,  a  ferrule.  See  Ferrule.]  (Her.)  A  ring
   surrounding a bugle or hunting horn.

                                    Viroled

   Vi*roled"  (?),  a. (Her.) Furnished with a virole or viroles; -- said
   of a horn or a bugle when the rings are of different tincture from the
   rest of the horn.

                                    Virose

   Vi*rose"  (?),  a.  [L.  virosus.  See Virus.] Having a nauseous odor;
   fetid; poisonous. [R.]

                                     Virtu

   Vir*tu" (?; 277), n. [It. virt\'97 virtue, excellence, from L. virtus.
   See  Virtue.]  A  love  of  the fine arts; a taste for curiosities. J.
   Spence. An article, OR piece, of virtu, an object of art or antiquity;
   a curiosity, such as those found in museums or private collections.

     I  had thoughts, in my chambers to place it in view, To be shown to
     my friends as a piece of virt\'97. Goldsmith.

                                    Virtual

   Vir"tu*al (?; 135), a. [Cf. F. virtuel. See Virtue.]

   1.  Having  the  power  of acting or of invisible efficacy without the
   agency of the material or sensible part; potential; energizing.

     Heat  and  cold have a virtual transition, without communication of
     substance. Bacon.

     Every  kind  that lives, Fomented by his virtual power, and warmed.
     Milton.

   2.  Being  in essence or effect, not in fact; as, the virtual presence
   of a man in his agent or substitute.

     A  thing  has  a  virtual  existence when it has all the conditions
     necessary to its actual existence. Fleming.

     To  mask by slight differences in the manners a virtual identity in
     the substance. De Quincey.

   Principle  of  virtual  velocities  (Mech.), the law that when several
   forces  are in equilibrium, the algebraic sum of their virtual moments
   is  equal to zero. -- Virtual focus (Opt.), the point from which rays,
   having  been rendered divergent by reflection of refraction, appear to
   issue;  the point at which converging rays would meet if not reflected
   or  refracted  before  they  reach  it. -- Virtual image. (Optics) See
   under  Image.  --  Virtual moment (of a force) (Mech.), the product of
   the  intensity  of the force multiplied by the virtual velocity of its
   point  of  application;  --  sometimes called virtual work. -- Virtual
   velocity  (Mech.),  a  minute  hypothetical  displacement,  assumed in
   analysis  to  facilitate  the investigation of statical problems. With
   respect  to  any  given force of a number of forces holding a material
   system in equilibrium, it is the projection, upon the direction of the
   force,  of a line joining its point of application with a new position
   of  that  point  indefinitely near to the first, to which the point is
   conceived  to  have  been moved, without disturbing the equilibrium of
   the  system, or the connections of its parts with each other. Strictly
   speaking,  it is not a velocity but a length. -- Virtual work. (Mech.)
   See Virtual moment, above.

                                  Virtuality

   Vir`tu*al"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. virtualit\'82.]

   1. The quality or state of being virtual.

   2. Potentiality; efficacy; potential existence. [Obs.]

     In  one  grain  of  corn,  there lieth dormant a virtuality of many
     other. Sir T. Browne.

                                   Virtually

   Vir"tu*al*ly  (?),  adv.  In  a  virtual manner; in efficacy or effect
   only, and not actually; to all intents and purposes; practically.

                                   Virtuate

   Vir"tu*ate (?), v. t. To make efficacious; to give virtue of efficacy.
   [Obs.] Harvey.

                                    Virtue

   Vir"tue  (?;  135),  n.  [OE.  vertu,  F.  vertu,  L. virtus strength,
   courage,  excellence,  virtue,  fr.  vir  a  man.  See Virile, and cf.
   Virtu.]

   1.  Manly  strength or courage; bravery; daring; spirit; valor. [Obs.]
   Shak.

     Built too strong For force or virtue ever to expugn. Chapman.

   2.  Active  quality  or  power;  capacity  or  power  adequate  to the
   production of a given effect; energy; strength; potency; efficacy; as,
   the virtue of a medicine.

     Jesus,  immediately  knowing in himself that virtue had gone out of
     him, turned him about. Mark v. 30.

     A   man   was   driven   to   depend   for   his  security  against
     misunderstanding, upon the pure virtue of his syntax. De Quincey.

     The virtue of his midnight agony. Keble.

   3.  Energy  or  influence operating without contact of the material or
   sensible substance.

     She  moves  the  body which she doth possess, Yet no part toucheth,
     but by virtue's touch. Sir. J. Davies.

   4. Excellence; value; merit; meritoriousness; worth.

     I made virtue of necessity. Chaucer.

     In  the  Greek poets, . . . the economy of poems is better observed
     than  in  Terence,  who  thought the sole grace and virtue of their
     fable the sticking in of sentences. B. Jonson.

   5.  Specifically,  moral excellence; integrity of character; purity of
   soul; performance of duty.

     Virtue only makes our bliss below. Pope.

     If there's Power above us, And that there is all nature cries aloud
     Through all her works, he must delight in virtue. Addison.

   6.  A  particular  moral  excellence; as, the virtue of temperance, of
   charity, etc. "The very virtue of compassion." Shak. "Remember all his
   virtues." Addison.

   7.  Specifically: Chastity; purity; especially, the chastity of women;
   virginity.

     H.  I  believe  the girl has virtue. M. And if she has, I should be
     the last man in the world to attempt to corrupt it. Goldsmith.

   8. pl. One of the orders of the celestial hierarchy.

     Thrones, dominations, princedoms, virtues, powers. Milton.

   Cardinal  virtues.  See  under  Cardinal,  a. -- In, OR By, virtue of,
   through  the  force  of;  by  authority of. "He used to travel through
   Greece  by  virtue  of this fable, which procured him reception in all
   the  towns." Addison. "This they shall attain, partly in virtue of the
   promise  made  by  God,  and partly in virtue of piety." Atterbury. --
   Theological  virtues, the three virtues, faith, hope, and charity. See
   1 Cor. xiii. 13.
   
                                  Virtueless
                                       
   Vir"tue*less   (?),  a.  Destitute  of  virtue;  without  efficacy  or
   operating qualities; powerless.
   
     Virtueless she wished all herbs and charms. Fairfax.
     
                                  Virtuosity

   Vir`tu*os"i*ty (?), n.

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being a virtuoso; in a bad sense, the
   character  of  one  in  whom  mere  artistic  feeling  or  \'91sthetic
   cultivation takes the place of religious character; sentimentalism.

     This  famous  passage  .  .  .  over which the virtuosity of modern
     times, rejoicing in evil, has hung so fondly. C. Kingsley.

   2. Virtuosos, collectively. Carlyle.

   3. An art or study affected by virtuosos.

                                   Virtuoso

   Vir`tu*o"so  (?),  n.;  pl.  Virtuosos (#); It. Virtuosi (#). [It. See
   Virtuous.]

   1. One devoted to virtu; one skilled in the fine arts, in antiquities,
   and the like; a collector or ardent admirer of curiosities, etc.

     Virtuoso the Italians call a man who loves the noble arts, and is a
     critic in them. Dryden.

   2.  (Mus.) A performer on some instrument, as the violin or the piano,
   who  excels  in  the  technical  part  of his art; a brilliant concert
   player.

                                 Virtuosoship

   Vir`tu*o"so*ship,  n.  The  condition,  pursuits,  or  occupation of a
   virtuoso. Bp. Hurd.

                                   Virtuous

   Vir"tu*ous  (?;  135),  a.  [OE.  vertuous,  OF. vertuos, vertuous, F.
   vertueux, fr. L. Virtuous. See Virtue, and cf. Virtuoso.]

   1.  Possessing  or  exhibiting virtue. Specifically: -- (a) Exhibiting
   manly courage and strength; valorous; valiant; brave. [Obs.]

     Old Priam's son, amongst them all, was chiefly virtuous. Chapman.

   (b)  Having  power  or  efficacy;  powerfully  operative; efficacious;
   potent. [Obs.] Chaucer.

     Lifting  up  his  virtuous  staff  on high, He smote the sea, which
     calm\'82d was with speed. Spenser.

     Every virtuous plant and healing herb. Milton.

   (c)  Having  moral  excellence;  characterized  by  morality; upright;
   righteous; pure; as, a virtuous action.

     The  virtuous  mind  that  ever  walks  attended By a strong siding
     champion, conscience. Milton.

   2. Chaste; pure; -- applied especially to women.

     Mistress  Ford  .  . . the virtuous creature, that hath the jealous
     fool to her husband. Shak.

   -- Vir"tu*ous*ly, adv. -- Vir"tu*ous*ness, n.

                             Virulence, Virulency

   Vir"u*lence (?), Vir"u*len*cy (?), n. [Cf. F. virulence, L. virulentia
   an offensive odor, a stench.]

   1.  The quality or state of being virulent or venomous; poisonousness;
   malignancy.

   2.  Extreme  bitterness  or malignity of disposition. "Refuted without
   satirical virulency." Barrow.

     The virulence of one declaimer, or the profundities and sublimities
     of the other. I. Taylor.

                                   Virulent

   Vir"u*lent  (?), a. [L. virulentus, fr. virus poison: cf. F. virulent.
   See Virus.]

   1. Extremely poisonous or venomous; very active in doing injury.

     A contagious disorder rendered more virulent by uncleanness. Sir W.
     Scott.

   2.  Very  bitter in enmity; actuated by a desire to injure; malignant;
   as, a virulent invective.

                                  Virulented

   Vir"u*lent*ed, a. Made virulent; poisoned. [Obs.]

                                  Virulently

   Vir"u*lent*ly, adv. In a virulent manner.

                                     Virus

   Vi"rus  (?),  n.  [L.,  a  slimy  liquid,  a poisonous liquid, poison,
   stench; akin to Gr. visha. Cf. Wizen, v. i.]

   1.  (Med.)  (a) Contagious or poisonous matter, as of specific ulcers,
   the  bite  of  snakes,  etc.;  --  applied to organic poisons. (b) The
   special   contagion,   inappreciable  to  the  senses  and  acting  in
   exceedingly  minute  quantities, by which a disease is introduced into
   the organism and maintained there.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e sp ecific vi rus of diseases is now regarded as a
     microscopic  living  vegetable organism which multiplies within the
     body,   and,  either  by  its  own  action  or  by  the  associated
     development  of  a  chemical  poison,  causes  the phenomena of the
     special disease.

   2.  Fig.:  Any  morbid  corrupting  quality  in  intellectual or moral
   conditions; something that poisons the mind or the soul; as, the virus
   of obscene books.

                                      Vis

   Vis (?), n.

   1. Force; power.

   2. (Law) (a) Physical force. (b) Moral power.
   Principle  of  vis  viva  (Mech.),  the  principle that the difference
   between  the aggregate work of the accelerating forces of a system and
   that  of  the  retarding  forces  is  equal  to  one half the vis viva
   accumulated or lost in the system while the work is being done. -- Vis
   impressa [L.] (Mech.), force exerted, as in moving a body, or changing
   the  direction of its motion; impressed force. -- Vis inerti\'91. [L.]
   (a) The resistance of matter, as when a body at rest is set in motion,
   or  a  body  in  motion is brought to rest, or has its motion changed,
   either  in  direction  or  in velocity. (b) Inertness; inactivity. Vis
   interti\'91  and  inertia  are  not  strictly  synonymous.  The former
   implies the resistance itself which is given, while the latter implies
   merely  the property by which it is given. -- Vis mortua [L.] (Mech.),
   dead  force;  force doing no active work, but only producing pressure.
   --  Vis  vit\'91,  OR Vis vitalis [L.] (Physiol.), vital force. -- Vis
   viva  [L.]  (Mech.),  living force; the force of a body moving against
   resistance,  or  doing  work,  in distinction from vis mortua, or dead
   force;  the  kinetic energy of a moving body; the capacity of a moving
   body  to do work by reason of its being in motion. See Kinetic energy,
   in  the Note under Energy. The term vis viva is not usually understood
   to include that part of the kinetic energy of the body which is due to
   the vibrations of its molecules.
   
                                     Visa
                                       
   Vi"sa (?), n. [F.] See Vis.
   
                                     Visa
                                       
   Vi"sa,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Visaed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Visaing.] To
   indorse,  after  examination, with the word vis\'82, as a passport; to
   vis\'82.
   
                                    Visage
                                       
   Vis"age  (?;  48),  n. [F. visage, from L. visus a seeing, a look, fr.
   videre,  visum, to see. See Vision.] The face, countenance, or look of
   a  person or an animal; -- chiefly applied to the human face. Chaucer.
   "A visage of demand." Shak. 

     His visage was so marred more than any man. Isa. lii. 14.

     Love and beauty still that visage grace. Waller.

                                    Visage

   Vis"age (?; 48), v. t. To face. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Visaged

   Vis"aged (?), a. Having a visage. Shak.

                                    Visard

   Vis"ard (?), n. A mask. See Visor.

                                    Visard

   Vis"ard, v. t. To mask.

                                   Vis-a-vis

   Vis`-a-vis" (?), n. [F., opposite, face to face.]

   1. One who, or that which, is face to face with another; esp., one who
   faces another in dancing.

   2.  A  carriage in which two persons sit face to face. Also, a form of
   sofa  with  seats  for two persons, so arranged that the occupants are
   face to face while sitting on opposite sides.

                                   Vis-a-vis

   Vis`-a-vis", adv. Face to face.

                              Viscacha, Viz-cacha

   Vis*ca"cha  (?),  Viz-ca"cha  (, n. [Sp.] (Zo\'94l.) A large burrowing
   South  American  rodent  (Lagostomus  trichodactylus)  allied  to  the
   chinchillas, but much larger. Its fur is soft and rather long, mottled
   gray  above,  white  or yellowish white beneath. There is a white band
   across  the  muzzle, and a dark band on each cheek. It inhabits grassy
   plains,  and  is  noted  for  its extensive burrows and for heaping up
   miscellaneous  articles  at  the  mouth  of  its  burrows. Called also
   biscacha, bizcacha, vischacha, vishatscha.

                                    Viscera

   Vis"ce*ra (?), n., pl. of Viscus.

                                   Visceral

   Vis"cer*al (?), a. [Cf. F. visc\'82ral, LL. visceralis.]

   1. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the viscera; splanchnic.

   2. Fig.: Having deep sensibility. [R.] Bp. Reynolds.
   Visceral  arches  (Anat.),  the  bars  or  ridges between the visceral
   clefts.  --  Visceral  cavity OR tube (Anat.), the ventral cavity of a
   vertebrate, which contains the alimentary canal, as distinguished from
   the  dorsal,  or  cerebro-spinal,  canal.  -- Visceral clefts (Anat.),
   transverse  clefts  on  the  sides  just  back  of  the  mouth  in the
   vertebrate  embryo,  which  open  into  the  pharyngeal portion of the
   alimentary  canal,  and  correspond  to  the branchial clefts in adult
   fishes.

                                   Viscerate

   Vis"cer*ate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Viscerated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Viscerating.]  To  deprive of the viscera, or entrails; to eviscerate;
   to disembowel.

                                Visceroskeletal

   Vis`cer*o*skel"e*tal   (?),   a.  (Anat.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the
   framework,   or  skeleton,  or  skeleton,  of  the  viscera;  as,  the
   visceroskeletal system of muscles. Mivart.

                                    Viscid

   Vis"cid  (?), a. [L. viscidus, fr. viscum the mistletoe, birdlime made
   from  the  berries of the mistletoe; akin to Gr. viscide.] Sticking or
   adhering,  and  having  a  ropy  or  glutinous  consistency;  viscous;
   glutinous; sticky; tenacious; clammy; as, turpentine, tar, gums, etc.,
   are more or less viscid.

                                   Viscidity

   Vis*cid"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. viscidit\'82.] The quality or state of
   being  viscid;  also,  that  which  is  viscid;  glutinous concretion;
   stickiness.

                                    Viscin

   Vis"cin   (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  clear,  viscous,  tasteless  substance
   extracted  from  the mucilaginous sap of the mistletoe (Viscum album),
   holly, etc., and constituting an essential ingredient of birdlime.

                                   Viscoidal

   Vis*coid"al (?), a. Somewhat viscous. Cf. Mobile, a., 2.

                                 Viscosimeter

   Vis`co*sim"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Viscosity  +  -meter.]  An instrument for
   measuring the degree of viscosity of liquids, as solutions of gum.

                                   Viscosity

   Vis*cos"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. viscosit\'82, LL. viscositas.]

   1. The quality or state of being viscous.

   2.  (Physics) A quality analogous to that of a viscous fluid, supposed
   to be caused by internal friction, especially in the case of gases.

                                   Viscount

   Vis"count`  (?), n. [OE. vicounte, OF. visconte, vescunte, F. vicomte,
   LL.  vicecomes;  L.  vice  (see  Vice, a.) + comes a companion, LL., a
   count. See Count.]

   1.  (O.  Eng.  Law)  An officer who formerly supplied the place of the
   count, or earl; the sheriff of the county.

   2. A nobleman of the fourth rank, next in order below an earl and next
   above a baron; also, his degree or title of nobility. See Peer, n., 3.
   [Eng.] Chaucer.

                                  Viscountcy

   Vis"count`cy (?), n. The dignity or jurisdiction of a viscount. Sir B.
   Burke.

                                  Viscountess

   Vis"count`ess  (?), n. [F. vicomtesse, LL. vicecomitissa.] The wife of
   a viscount.

                            Viscountship, Viscounty

   Vis"count`ship,  Vis"count`y  (?),  n.  [F.  vicomt\'82.] The quality,
   rank, or office of a viscount.

                                    Viscous

   Vis"cous  (?),  a.  [L. viscosus. See Viscid.] Adhesive or sticky, and
   having  a  ropy  or  glutinous consistency; viscid; glutinous; clammy;
   tenacious; as, a viscous juice. -- Vis"cous*ness, n.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ere is  no  we ll-defined di stinction in  me aning
     between viscous and viscid.

                                    Viscum

   Vis"cum (?), n. [L.]

   1.  (Bot.)  A  genus  of  parasitic shrubs, including the mistletoe of
   Europe.

   2.  Birdlime,  which  is  often  made from the berries of the European
   mistletoe.

                                    Viscus

   Vis"cus  (?),  n.;  pl.  Viscera (#). [L., perhaps akin to E. viscid.]
   (Anat.)  One  of  the  organs, as the brain, heart, or stomach, in the
   great  cavities  of  the  body of an animal; -- especially used in the
   plural, and applied to the organs contained in the abdomen.

                                     Vise

   Vise  (?),  n.  [F.  vis a screw, winding stairs, OF. vis, viz, fr. L.
   vitis  a vine; probably akin to E. withy.] An instrument consisting of
   two  jaws,  closing  by  a screw, lever, cam, or the like, for holding
   work, as in filing. [Written also vice.]

                                    Vis\'82

   Vi*s\'82" (?), n. [F. vis\'82, p. p. of viser to put a visa to, fr. L.
   visus seen, p. p. of videre to see.] An indorsement made on a passport
   by  the  proper  authorities  of certain countries on the continent of
   Europe,  denoting  that  it has been examined, and that the person who
   bears it is permitted to proceed on his journey; a visa.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1614

                                    Vis\'82

   Vi*s\'82"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Vis\'82ed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vis\'82ing.] To examine and indorse, as a passport; to visa.

                                    Vishnu

   Vish"nu  (?),  n. [Skr. Vish, from vish to pervade., to extend through
   nature.]  (Hindoo  Myth.) A divinity of the modern Hindoo trimurti, or
   trinity. He is regarded as the preserver, while Brahma is the creator,
   and Siva the destroyer of the creation.

                                  Visibility

   Vis`i*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  visibilitas: cf. F. visibilit\'82.] The
   quality or state of being visible.

                                    Visible

   Vis"i*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  visibilis, fr. videre, visum, to see: cf. F.
   visible. See Vision.]

   1.  Perceivable  by  the  eye;  capable of being seen; perceptible; in
   view; as, a visible star; the least spot is visible on white paper.

     Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible.
     Bk. of Com. Prayer.

     Virtue made visible in outward grace. Young.

   2. Noticeable; apparent; open; conspicuous. Shak.

     The  factions  at court were greater, or more visible, than before.
     Clarendon.

   Visible  church  (Theol.), the apparent church of Christ on earth; the
   whole  body  of  professed believers in Christ, as contradistinguished
   from the invisible, or real, church, consisting of sanctified persons.
   --  Visible  horizon.  Same  as  Apparent  horizon, under Apparent. --
   Vis"i*ble*ness, n. -- Vis"i*bly, adv.

                                   Visigoth

   Vis"i*goth (?), n. [L. Visegothae, pl. Cf. West, and Goth.] One of the
   West Goths. See the Note under Goth. -- Vis`i*goth"ic (#), a.

                                    Vision

   Vi"sion  (?),  n.  [OE. visioun, F. vision, fr. L. visio, from videre,
   visum,  to  see:  akin  to  Gr.  wit.  See  Wit,  v.,  and cf. Advice,
   Clairvoyant,  Envy,  Evident,  Provide,  Revise, Survey, View, Visage,
   Visit.]

   1. The act of seeing external objects; actual sight.

     Faith here is turned into vision there. Hammond.

   2. (Physiol.) The faculty of seeing; sight; one of the five senses, by
   which  colors  and  the  physical  qualities  of  external objects are
   appreciated  as  a  result  of  the stimulating action of light on the
   sensitive retina, an expansion of the optic nerve.

   3. That which is seen; an object of sight. Shak.

   4.  Especially,  that  which  is  seen  otherwise than by the ordinary
   sight,  or  the  rational eye; a supernatural, prophetic, or imaginary
   sight; an apparition; a phantom; a specter; as, the visions of Isaiah.

     The baseless fabric of this vision. Shak.

     No dreams, but visions strange. Sir P. Sidney.

   5. Hence, something unreal or imaginary; a creation of fancy. Locke.
   Arc  of  vision  (Astron.),  the arc which measures the least distance
   from  the  sun  at which, when the sun is below the horizon, a star or
   planet  emerging  from  his  rays  becomes visible. -- Beatific vision
   (Theol.),  the  immediate  sight  of  God  in heaven. -- Direct vision
   (Opt.),  vision  when  the  image  of the object falls directly on the
   yellow  spot  (see  under Yellow); also, vision by means of rays which
   are  not  deviated  from their original direction. -- Field of vision,
   field of view. See under Field. -- Indirect vision (Opt.), vision when
   the rays of light from an object fall upon the peripheral parts of the
   retina.  --  Reflected  vision,  OR  Refracted  vision, vision by rays
   reflected   from   mirrors,   or   refracted   by  lenses  or  prisms,
   respectively.  --  Vision  purple. (Physiol.) See Visual purple, under
   Visual.

                                    Vision

   Vi"sion, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Visioned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Visioning.]
   To see in a vision; to dream.

     For  them  no  visioned  terrors  daunt,  Their  nights  no fancied
     specters haunt. Sir W. Scott.

                                   Visional

   Vi"sion*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to a vision.

                                 Visionariness

   Vi"sion*a*ri*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being visionary.

                                   Visionary

   Vi"sion*a*ry (?), a. [Cf. F. visionnaire.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  visions  or  visions; characterized by,
   appropriate  to,  or  favorable for, visions. <-- #?? "appropriate to"
   was spelled "apappropriate to" in the original. -->

     The visionary hour When musing midnight reigns. Thomson.

   2.  Affected  by  phantoms;  disposed  to  receive  impressions on the
   imagination;  given  to reverie; apt to receive, and act upon, fancies
   as if they were realities.

     Or lull to rest the visionary maid. Pope.

   3. Existing in imagination only; not real; fanciful; imaginary; having
   no  solid  foundation;  as,  visionary prospect; a visionary scheme or
   project. Swift. Syn. -- Fanciful; fantastic; unreal. See Fanciful.

                                   Visionary

   Vi"sion*a*ry, n.; pl. Visionaries (.

   1.  One  whose  imagination  is  disturbed;  one  who  sees visions or
   phantoms.

   2.  One  whose  imagination  overpowers  his  reason  and controls his
   judgment; an unpractical schemer; one who builds castles in the air; a
   daydreamer.

                                   Visioned

   Vi"sioned  (?), a. Having the power of seeing visions; inspired; also,
   seen in visions. [R.] Shelley.

                                   Visionist

   Vi"sion*ist (?), n. A visionary.

                                  Visionless

   Vi"sion*less, a. Destitute of vision; sightless.

                                     Visit

   Vis"it  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Visited; p. pr. & vb. n. Visiting.]
   [F.  visiter,  L.  visitare,  fr.  visere  to go to see, to visit, fr.
   videre, visum to see. See Vision.]

   1.  To  go or come to see, as for the purpose of friendship, business,
   curiosity, etc.; to attend; to call upon; as, the physician visits his
   patient.

   2.  Specifically:  To  go  or come to see for inspection, examination,
   correction  of  abuses,  etc.;  to  examine,  to inspect; as, a bishop
   visits his diocese; a superintendent visits persons or works under his
   charge.

   3.  (Script.)  To  come  to  for the purpose of chastising, rewarding,
   comforting;  to come upon with reward or retribution; to appear before
   or judge; as, to visit in mercy; to visit one in wrath.

     [God] hath visited and redeemed his people. Like i. 68.

                                     Visit

   Vis"it  (?),  v.  i.  To  make a visit or visits; to maintain visiting
   relations; to practice calling on others.

                                     Visit

   Vis"it, n. [Cf. F. visite. See Visit, v. t., and cf. Visite.]

   1.  The  act  of  visiting, or going to see a person or thing; a brief
   stay  of  business,  friendship,  ceremony,  curiosity,  or  the like,
   usually  longer  than  a  call;  as, a visit of civility or respect; a
   visit to Saratoga; the visit of a physician.

   2.  The  act  of  going  to  view  or  inspect;  an official or formal
   inspection;  examination;  visitation;  as,  the visit of a trustee or
   inspector.
   Right   of  visit  (Internat.  Law),  the  right  of  visitation.  See
   Visitation, 4.

                                   Visitable

   Vis"it*a*ble  (?),  a.  Liable  or subject to be visited or inspected.
   "All  hospitals  built since the Reformation are visitable by the king
   or lord chancellor." Ayliffe.

                                   Visitant

   Vis"it*ant (?), n. [L. visitans, -antis; p. pr.: cf. F. visitant.] One
   who visits; a guest; a visitor.

     When the visitant comes again, he is no more a stranger. South.

                                   Visitant

   Vis"it*ant, a. Visiting. Wordsworth.

                                  Visitation

   Vis`it*a"tion (?), n. [L. visitatio: cf. F. visitation.]

   1.  The  act  of  visiting,  or the state of being visited; access for
   inspection or examination.

     Nothing but peace and gentle visitation. Shak.

   2.  Specifically: The act of a superior or superintending officer who,
   in  the  discharge of his office, visits a corporation, college, etc.,
   to  examine into the manner in which it is conducted, and see that its
   laws   and  regulations  are  duly  observed  and  executed;  as,  the
   visitation of a diocese by a bishop.

   3. The object of a visit. [Obs.] "O flowers, . . . my early visitation
   and my last." Milton.

   4.  (Internat. Law) The act of a naval commander who visits, or enters
   on  board,  a  vessel  belonging to another nation, for the purpose of
   ascertaining  her  character  and  object,  but  without  claiming  or
   exercising  a  right  of searching the vessel. It is, however, usually
   coupled  with the right of search (see under Search), visitation being
   used for the purpose of search.

   5.  Special  dispensation; communication of divine favor and goodness,
   or, more usually, of divine wrath and vengeance; retributive calamity;
   retribution; judgment.

     What will ye do in the day of visitation? Isa. x. 3.

   6.  (Eccl.)  A  festival  in  honor of the visit of the Virgin Mary to
   Elisabeth,  mother  of  John  the Baptist, celebrated on the second of
   July.
   The  Order  of  the  Visitation  of  Our Lady (R. C. Ch.), a religious
   community  of  nuns, founded at Annecy, in Savoy, in 1610, and in 1808
   established in the United States. In America these nuns are devoted to
   the education of girls.

                                 Visitatorial

   Vis`it*a*to"ri*al  (?), a. [Cf. LL. visitator a bishop temporarily put
   in  place  of  another.] Of or pertaining to visitation, or a judicial
   visitor or superintendent; visitorial.

     An archdeacon has visitatorial power. Ayliffe.

     The  queen, however, still had over the church a visitatorial power
     of vast and undefined extent. Macaulay.

                                    Visite

   Vi*site"  (?),  n.  [F.  See Visit, n.] A light cape or short cloak of
   silk or lace worn by women in summer.

                                    Visiter

   Vis"it*er (?), n. A visitor.

                                   Visiting

   Vis"it*ing,  a.  &  vb.  n.  from  Visit. Visiting ant. (Zo\'94l.) See
   Driver  ant,  under Driver. -- Visiting book, a book in which a record
   of  visits  received,  made,  and  to  be made, is kept. Thackeray. --
   Visiting card. See under Card.

                                    Visitor

   Vis"it*or (?). [Cf. F. visiteur.] [Written also visiter.]

   1.  One  who  visits;  one  who  comes  or  goes to see another, as in
   civility or friendship. "This great flood of visitors." Shak.

   2.  A  superior,  or  a person lawfully appointed for the purpose, who
   makes  formal visits of inspection to a corporation or an institution.
   See Visit, v. t., 2, and Visitation, n., 2.

     The king is the visitor of all lay corporations. Blackstone.

                                  Visitorial

   Vis`it*o"ri*al (?), a. Same as Visitatorial.

                                    Visive

   Vi"sive  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  visif,  LL.  visivus.  See Vision.] Of or
   pertaining to the sight; visual. [Obs.]

     I  can  not  satisfy  myself  how men should be so little surprised
     about this visive faculty. Berkeley.

                                     Visne

   Visne  (?;  277),  n. [OF. visn\'82, veisin\'82, visnet, neighborhood,
   LL.  vicinatus, fr. L. vicunus neighboring, a neighbor. See Vicinity.]
   (Law) Neighborhood; vicinity; venue. See Venue.

                                    Visnomy

   Vis"no*my   (?),  n.  [Contr.  fr.  physiognomy.]  Face;  countenance.
   [Colloq.] Spenser. Lamb.

                                     Vison

   Vi"son (?), n. [F.] (Zo\'94l.) The mink.

                                     Visor

   Vis"or  (?),  n.  [OE. visere, F. visi\'8are, fr. OF. vis. See Visage,
   Vision.] [Written also visar, visard, vizard, and vizor.]

   1. A part of a helmet, arranged so as to lift or open, and so show the
   face. The openings for seeing and breathing are generally in it.

   2.  A  mask  used  to  disfigure  or disguise. "My very visor began to
   assume life." Shak.

     My  weaker  government  since, makes you pull off the visor. Sir P.
     Sidney.

   3. The fore piece of a cap, projecting over, and protecting the eyes.

                                    Visored

   Vis"ored (?), a. Wearing a visor; masked.

     Visored falsehood and base forgery. Milton.

                                     Vista

   Vis"ta  (?),  n.; pl. Vistas (#). [It., sight, view, fr. vedere, p. p.
   visto,  veduto,  to  see,  fr.  L. videre, visum. See View, Vision.] A
   view;  especially,  a  view through or between intervening objects, as
   trees;  a  view or prospect through an avenue, or the like; hence, the
   trees or other objects that form the avenue.

     The  finished  garden  to the view Its vistas opens, and its alleys
     green. Thomson.

     In  the groves of their academy, at the end of every vista, you see
     nothing but the gallows. Burke.

     The shattered tower which now forms a vista from his window. Sir W.
     Scott.

                                     Visto

   Vis"to (?), n. A vista; a prospect. [R.] Gay.

     Through the long visto of a thousand years. Young.

                                    Visual

   Vis"u*al  (?),  a.  [L.  visualis,  from visus a seeing, sight: cf. F.
   visuel. See Vision.]

   1. Of or pertaining to sight; used in sight; serving as the instrument
   of seeing; as, the visual nerve.

     The air, Nowhere so clear, sharpened his visual ray. Milton.

   2. That can be seen; visible. [R.]
   Visual  angle. (Opt.) See under Angle. -- Visual cone (Persp.), a cone
   whose  vertex  is  at the point of sight, or the eye. -- Visual plane,
   any  plane  passing  through  the point of sight. -- Visual point, the
   point  at  which  the  visual  rays unite; the position of the eye. --
   Visual purple (Physiol.), a photochemical substance, of a purplish red
   color,  contained  in the retina of human eyes and in the eyes of most
   animals.  It is quickly bleached by light, passing through the colors,
   red, orange, and yellow, and then disappearing. Also called rhodopsin,
   and vision purple. See Optography. -- Visual ray, a line from the eye,
   or  point  of  sight. -- Visual white (Physiol.), the final product in
   the  action  of  light on visual purple. It is reconverted into visual
   purple  by  the  regenerating  action  of the choroidal epithelium. --
   Visual yellow (Physiol.), a product intermediate between visual purple
   and  visual  white,  formed  in  the  photochemical action of light on
   visual purple.

                                   Visualize

   Vis"u*al*ize  (?),  v. t. To make visual, or visible; to see in fancy.
   [Written also visualise.]

     No  one  who  has  not  seen them [glaciers] can possibly visualize
     them. Lubbock.

                                   Vitaille

   Vi*taille  (?),  n.  [See  Victuals.]  Food;  victuals.  [Obs.]  Piers
   Plowman. Chaucer.

                                     Vital

   Vi"tal  (?),  a. [F., fr. L. vitalis, fr. vita life; akin to vivere to
   live. See Vivid.]

   1.  Belonging  or  relating  to  life, either animal or vegetable; as,
   vital energies; vital functions; vital actions.

   2.  Contributing to life; necessary to, or supporting, life; as, vital
   blood.

     Do the heavens afford him vital food? Spenser.

     And vital virtue infused, and vital warmth. Milton.

   3.  Containing  life;  living. "Spirits that live throughout, vital in
   every part." Milton.

   4. Being the seat of life; being that on which life depends; mortal.

     The dart flew on, and pierced a vital part. Pope.

   5. Very necessary; highly important; essential.

     A competence is vital to content. Young.

   6. Capable of living; in a state to live; viable. [R.]

     Pythagoras  and  Hippocrates  . . . affirm the birth of the seventh
     month to be vital. Sir T. Browne.

   Vital  air, oxygen gas; -- so called because essential to animal life.
   [Obs.]  --  Vital  capacity  (Physiol.), the breathing capacity of the
   lungs;  -- expressed by the number of cubic inches of air which can be
   forcibly exhaled after a full inspiration. -- Vital force. (Biol.) See
   under  Force.  The  vital  forces,  according to Cope, are nerve force
   (neurism),  growth force (bathmism), and thought force (phrenism), all
   under the direction and control of the vital principle. Apart from the
   phenomena  of  consciousness,  vital  actions  no  longer  need  to be
   considered  as  of  a mysterious and unfathomable character, nor vital
   force  as  anything other than a form of physical energy derived from,
   and  convertible  into,  other  well-known  forces of nature. -- Vital
   functions  (Physiol.), those functions or actions of the body on which
   life   is  directly  dependent,  as  the  circulation  of  the  blood,
   digestion,  etc. -- Vital principle, an immaterial force, to which the
   functions peculiar to living beings are ascribed. -- Vital statistics,
   statistics  respecting  the  duration  of  life, and the circumstances
   affecting  its duration. -- Vital tripod. (Physiol.) See under Tripod.
   --  Vital  vessels  (Bot.),  a  name for latex tubes, now disused. See
   Latex.

                                     Vital

   Vi"tal, n. A vital part; one of the vitals. [R.]

                                    Vitalic

   Vi*tal"ic (?), a. Pertaining to life; vital. [R.]

                                   Vitalism

   Vi"tal*ism  (?),  n.  (Biol.) The doctrine that all the functions of a
   living  organism  are  due to an unknown vital principle distinct from
   all chemical and physical forces.

                                   Vitalist

   Vi`tal*ist  (?),  n.  (Biol.) A believer in the theory of vitalism; --
   opposed to physicist.

                                  Vitalistic

   Vi`tal*is"tic  (?),  a. (Biol.) Pertaining to, or involving, vitalism,
   or the theory of a special vital principle.

                                   Vitality

   Vi*tal"i*ty  (?;  277),  n.  [L.  vitalitas:  cf. F. vitalit\'82.] The
   quality  or  state of being vital; the principle of life; vital force;
   animation;  as,  the vitality of eggs or vegetable seeds; the vitality
   of an enterprise.

                                 Vitalization

   Vi`tal*i*za"tion (?), n. The act or process of vitalizing, or infusing
   the vital principle.

                                   Vitalize

   Vi"tal*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Vitalized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vitalizing  (?).] [Cf. F. vitaliser.] To endow with life, or vitality;
   to give life to; to make alive; as, vitalized blood.

                                    Vitally

   Vi"tal*ly, adv. In a vital manner.

                                    Vitals

   Vi"tals (?), n. pl.

   1.  Organs  that  are  necessary for life; more especially, the heart,
   lungs, and brain.

   2. Fig.: The part essential to the life or health of anything; as, the
   vitals of a state. "The vitals of the public body." Glanvill.

                                   Vitellary

   Vit"el*la*ry  (?;  277), a. [L. vitellus a little calf, the yolk of an
   egg.] (Biol.) Vitelline.

                                 Vitelligenous

   Vit`el*lig"e*nous  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Producing  yolk, or vitelline
   substance;  --  applied  to  certain  cells (also called nutritive, or
   yolk,  cells)  formed  in the ovaries of many insects, and supposed to
   supply nutriment to the developing ova.

                                   Vitellin

   Vi*tel"lin  (?),  n.  [See  Vitellus.]  (Physiol. Chem.) An albuminous
   body,  belonging to the class of globulins, obtained from yolk of egg,
   of  which  it  is the chief proteid constituent, and from the seeds of
   many plants. From the latter it can be separated in crystalline form.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1615

                                   Vitelline

   Vi*tel"line  (?),  a.  [L. vitellus the yolk of an egg.] (Biol.) Of or
   pertaining  to the yolk of eggs; as, the vitelline membrane, a smooth,
   transparent membrane surrounding the vitellus.

                                  Vitellogene

   Vi*tel"lo*gene  (?),  n.  [See Vitellus, and -gen.] (Zo\'94l.) A gland
   secreting  the yolk of the eggs in trematodes, turbellarians, and some
   other helminths.

                                   Vitellus

   Vi*tel"lus (?), n. [L., the yolk of an egg.]

   1.  (Biol.)  The  contents  or  substance  of  the ovum; egg yolk. See
   Illust. of Ovum.

   2. (Bot.) Perisperm in an early condition.

                                    Vitiate

   Vi"ti*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Vitiated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vitiating.]  [L.  vitiatus,  p.  p.  vitiare  to vitiate, fr. vitium a
   fault, vice. See Vice a fault.] [Written also viciate.]

   1.  To  make  vicious,  faulty,  or imperfect; to render defective; to
   injure  the  substance  or qualities of; to impair; to contaminate; to
   spoil;  as,  exaggeration  vitiates  a  style  of  writing;  sewer gas
   vitiates the air.

     A  will vitiated and growth out of love with the truth disposes the
     understanding to error and delusion. South.

     Without care it may be used to vitiate our minds. Burke.

     This  undistinguishing  complaisance  will  vitiate  the  taste  of
     readers. Garth.

   2. To cause to fail of effect, either wholly or in part; to make void;
   to  destroy,  as  the  validity  or  binding force of an instrument or
   transaction;  to  annul;  as,  any  undue  influence exerted on a jury
   vitiates their verdict; fraud vitiates a contract.

                                   Vitiation

   Vi`ti*a"tion (?), n. [L. vitiatio.] The act of vitiating, or the state
   of  being  vitiated;  depravation;  corruption;  invalidation; as, the
   vitiation of the blood; the vitiation of a contract.

     The vitiation that breeds evil acts. G. Eliot.

                                  Viticulose

   Vi*tic"u*lose`  (?),  a.  [L.  viticula,  dim.  of vitis vine.] (Bot.)
   Having long and slender trailing stems.

                                 Viticultural

   Vit`i*cul"tur*al (?; 135), a. Of or pertaining to viticulture.

                                  Viticulture

   Vit"i*cul`ture  (?),  n. [L. vitis vine + E. culture.] The cultivation
   of the vine; grape growing.

                                 Viticulturist

   Vit`i*cul"tur*ist, n. One engaged in viticulture.

                                   Vitiligo

   Vit`i*li"go  (?), n. [L., a kind of tetter, fr. vitium blemish, vice.]
   (Med.)  A  rare  skin disease consisting in the development of smooth,
   milk-white spots upon various parts of the body.

                                 Vitilitigate

   Vit`i*lit"i*gate (?), v. i. [L. vitilitigare to quarrel disgracefully;
   vitium  vice  + litigare to quarrel.] To contend in law litigiously or
   cavilously. [Obs.]

                                Vitilitigation

   Vit`i*lit`i*ga"tion  (?),  n. Cavilous litigation; cavillation. [Obs.]
   Hudibras.

                                   Vitiosity

   Vi`ti*os"i*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  vitiositas.  See  Vicious.] Viciousness;
   depravity.

     The perverseness and vitiosity of man's will. South.

                   Vitious, a., Vitiously, adv., Vitiousness

   Vi"tious  (?),  a.,  Vi"tious*ly, adv., Vi"tious*ness, n. See Vicious,
   Viciously, Viciousness.

                                     Vitis

   Vi"tis  (?),  n.  [L., a vine.] (Bot.) A genus of plants including all
   true grapevines.

                                     Vitoe

   Vi"to*e (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) See Durukuli.

                                   Vitrella

   Vi*trel"la  (?),  n. [NL., dim. of L. vitrum glass.] (Zo\'94l.) One of
   the transparent lenslike cells in the ocelli of certain arthropods.

                                Vitre-o-electic

   Vit`re-o-e*lec"tic  (?),  a.  [See  Vitreous, and Electric.] (Physics)
   Containing or exhibiting positive, or vitreous, electricity.

                                   Vitreous

   Vit"re*ous  (?),  a.  [L. vitreous, from vitrum glass; perhaps akin to
   videre to see (see Vision). Cf. Varnish.]

   1. Consisting of, or resembling, glass; glassy; as, vitreous rocks.

   2.  Of  or  pertaining  to  glass;  derived  from  glass; as, vitreous
   electricity.
   Vitreous  body (Anat.), the vitreous humor. See the Note under Eye. --
   Vitreous  electricity  (Elec.),  the  kind  of  electricity excited by
   rubbing  glass with certain substances, as silk; positive electricity;
   --  opposed  to resinous, or negative, electricity. -- Vitreous humor.
   (Anat.) See the Note under Eye. -- Vitreous sponge (Zo\'94l.), any one
   of numerous species of siliceous sponges having, often fibrous, glassy
   spicules  which  are  normally  six-rayed; a hexactinellid sponge. See
   Venus's basket, under Venus.

                                 Vitreousness

   Vit"re*ous*ness, n. The quality or state of being vitreous.

                                  Vitrescence

   Vi*tres"cence  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  vitreous;
   glassiness,   or  the  quality  of  being  vitrescent;  capability  of
   conversion  into  glass;  susceptibility  of  being formed into glass.
   Kirwan.

                                  Vitrescent

   Vi*tres"cent  (?),  a.  [See  Vitreous.]  Capable of being formed into
   glass; tending to become glass.

                                  Vitrescible

   Vi*tres"ci*ble  (?),  a.  [Cf. F. vitrescible.] That may be vitrified;
   vitrifiable.

                                    Vitric

   Vit"ric  (?), a. [L. vitrum glass.] Having the nature and qualities of
   glass; glasslike; -- distinguished from ceramic.

                                 Vitrifaction

   Vit`ri*fac"tion  (?), n. [Cf. Vitrification.] The act, art, or process
   of vitrifying; also, the state of being vitrified.

                                 Vitrifacture

   Vit`ri*fac"ture  (?;  135),  n.  [L. vitrum glass + facere, factum, to
   make.] The manufacture of glass and glassware.

                                  Vitrifiable

   Vit"ri*fi`a*ble  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  vitrifiable.]  Capable  of  being
   vitrified,  or  converted into glass by heat and fusion; as, flint and
   alkalies are vitrifiable.

                                 Vitrificable

   Vi*trif"i*ca*ble (?), a. Vitrifiable. [Obs.]

                                  Vitrificate

   Vit"ri*fi*cate  (?),  v.  t. To convert into glass; to vitrify. [Obs.]
   Bacon.

                                 Vitrification

   Vit`ri*fi*ca"tion  (?), n. [See Vitrify.] Same as Vitrifaction. Sir T.
   Browne. Ure.

                                   Vitrified

   Vit"ri*fied (?), a. Converted into glass.

                                   Vitriform

   Vit"ri*form  (?),  a.  [L.  vitrum  glass + -form.] Having the form or
   appearance of glass; resembling glass; glasslike.

                                    Vitrify

   Vit"ri*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Vitrified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vitrifying (?).] [F. vitrifier; L. vitrum glass + -ficare to make. See
   Vitreous,  -fy.]  To  convert  into,  or cause to resemble, glass or a
   glassy substance, by heat and fusion.

                                    Vitrify

   Vit"ri*fy, v. t. To become glass; to be converted into glass.

     Chymists  make  vessels  of animal substances, calcined, which will
     not vitrify in the fire. Arbuthnot.

                                    Vitrina

   Vi*tri"na  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. L. vitrum glass.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of
   terrestrial  gastropods,  having  transparent, very thin, and delicate
   shells, -- whence the name.

                                    Vitriol

   Vit"ri*ol  (?),  n.  [F.  vitriol; cf. Pr. vitriol, vetriol, Sp. & Pg.
   vitriolo,  It. vitriuolo; fr. L. vitreolus of glass, vitreus vitreous.
   See Vitreous.] (Chem.) (a) A sulphate of any one of certain metals, as
   copper,  iron,  zinc,  cobalt.  So  called  on  account  of the glassy
   appearance  or  luster.  (b)  Sulphuric  acid;  --  called also oil of
   vitriol.  So  called  because  first made by the distillation of green
   vitriol.  See Sulphuric acid, under Sulphuric. [Colloq.] Blue vitriol.
   See  under  Blue.  --  Green  vitriol, ferrous sulphate; copperas. See
   under  Green.  --  Oil  of  vitriol,  sulphuric  or vitriolic acid; --
   popularly  so  called  because  it  has the consistency of oil. -- Red
   vitriol,  a  native  sulphate  of  cobalt.  -- Vitriol of Mars, ferric
   sulphate,  a  white  crystalline  substance  which dissolves in water,
   forming  a  red  solution.  --  White  vitriol, zinc sulphate, a white
   crystalline  substance  used  in medicine and in dyeing. It is usually
   obtained  by  dissolving  zinc  in  sulphuric acid, or by roasting and
   oxidizing certain zinc ores. Formerly called also vitriol of zinc.

                                  Vitriolate

   Vit"ri*o*late  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vitriolated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Vitriolating.]  (Old  Chem.)  (a) To convert into, or change to, a
   vitriol;  to make into sulphuric acid or a sulphate. (b) To subject to
   the action of, or impregnate with, vitriol.

                                  Vitriolate

   Vit"ri*o*late (?), a. Vitriolated. [R.]

                                  Vitriolate

   Vit"ri*o*late, n. (Old Chem.) A sulphate.

                                  Vitriolated

   Vit"ri*o*la`ted  (?),  a.  (Old  Chem.)  Changed  into  a vitriol or a
   sulphate,  or  subjected  to  the  action  of  sulphuric  acid or of a
   sulphate; as, vitriolated potash, i. e., potassium sulphate.

                                 Vitriolation

   Vit`ri*o*la"tion  (?),  n.  (Old Chem.) The act, process, or result of
   vitriolating.

                                   Vitriolic

   Vit`ri*ol"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. vitriolique.] (Chem.) Of or pertaining to
   vitriol;  derived  from,  or  resembling,  vitriol;  vitriolous; as, a
   vitriolic   taste.  Cf.  Vitriol.  Vitriolic  acid  (Old  Chem.),  (a)
   sulphuric acid. See Vitriol (b). [Colloq.]

                                 Vitriolizable

   Vit"ri*ol*i`za*ble (?), a. Capable of being converted into a vitriol.

                                Vitriolization

   Vit`ri*ol*i*za"tion  (?),  n. [Cf. F. vitriolisation.] (Old Chem.) The
   act of vitriolizing, or the state of being vitriolized; vitriolation.

                                  Vitriolize

   Vit"ri*ol*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  F.  vitrioliser.] To convert into a
   vitriol; to vitriolate.

                                  Vitriolous

   Vi*tri"o*lous (?), a. See Vitriolic. [Obs.]

                                    Vitrite

   Vit"rite (?), n. [L. vitrum glass.] A kind of glass which is very hard
   and  difficult  to  fuse, used as an insulator in electrical lamps and
   other apparatus.

                                   Vitruvian

   Vi*tru"vi*an  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to Vitruvius, an ancient Roman
   architect.  Vitruvian  scroll  (Arch.),  a  name  given  to a peculiar
   pattern of scrollwork, consisting of convolved undulations. It is used
   in classical architecture. Oxf. Gloss.

                                     Vitta

   Vit"ta (?), n.; pl. Vitt\'91 (#). [L. vitta ribbon, fillet.]

   1. (Bot.) One of the oil tubes in the fruit of umbelliferous plants.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A band, or stripe, of color.

                                    Vittate

   Vit"tate (?), a. [L. vittatus bound with a fillet, fr. vitta fillet.]

   1. (Bot.) Bearing or containing vitt\'91.

   2. Striped longitudinally.

                                   Vituline

   Vit"u*line  (?; 277), a. [L. vitulinus, fr. vitulus a calf. See Veal.]
   Of or pertaining to a calf or veal.

                                  Vituperable

   Vi*tu"per*a*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  vituperabilis: cf. F. vitup\'82rable.]
   Liable to, or deserving, vituperation, or severe censure.

                                  Vituperate

   Vi*tu"per*ate  (?; 277), v. t. [L. vituperatus, p. p. of vituperare to
   blame,  vituperate;  vitium  a  fault  + parare to prepare. See Vice a
   fault,  and  Pare,  v.  t.] To find fault with; to scold; to overwhelm
   with wordy abuse; to censure severely or abusively; to rate.

                                 Vituperation

   Vi*tu`per*a"tion  (?),  n.  [L. vituperatio: cf. OF. vituperation. See
   Vituperate.] The act of vituperating; abuse; severe censure; blame.

     When  a  man becomes untractable and inaccessible by fierceness and
     pride, then vituperation comes upon him. Donne.

                                 Vituperative

   Vi*tu"per*a*tive  (?),  a. Uttering or writing censure; containing, or
   characterized  by,  abuse;  scolding; abusive. -- Vi*tu"per*a*tive*ly,
   adv.

     Vituperative  appellations  derived from their real or supposed ill
     qualities. B. Jonson.

                                  Vituperator

   Vi*tu"per*a`tor   (?),  n.  [L.]  One  who  vituperates,  or  censures
   abusively.

                                 Vituperrious

   Vi`tu*per"ri*ous   (?),   a.   Worthy   of   vituperation;   shameful;
   disgraceful. [Obs.]

                                    Vivace

   Vi*va"ce (?), a. & adv. [It.] (Mus.) Brisk; vivacious; with spirit; --
   a direction to perform a passage in a brisk and lively manner.

                                   Vivacious

   Vi*va"cious  (?; 277), a. [L. v\'a1vax, -acis, fr. vivere to live. See
   Vivid.]

   1.  Having  vigorous  powers  of  life; tenacious of life; long-lived.
   [Obs.]

     Hitherto  the English bishops have been vivacious almost to wonder.
     .  .  .  But  five  died  for  the first twenty years of her [Queen
     Elizabeth's] reign. Fuller.

     The  faith  of  Christianity  is  far  more vivacious than any mere
     ravishment of the imagination can ever be. I. Taylor.

   2.  Sprightly  in  temper  or  conduct; lively; merry; as, a vivacious
   poet. "Vivacious nonsense." V. Knox.

   3.  (Bot.) Living through the winter, or from year to year; perennial.
   [R.]  Syn.  --  Sprightly;  active;  animated;  sportive;  gay; merry;
   jocund; light-hearted. -- Vi*va"cious*ly, adv. -- Vi*va"cious*ness, n.

                                   Vivacity

   Vi*vac"i*ty (?), n. [L. vivicitas: cf. F. vivacit\'82.] The quality or
   state of being vivacious. Specifically: -- (a) Tenacity of life; vital
   force;  natural vigor. [Obs.] The vivacity of some of these pensioners
   is  little  less than a miracle, they lived so long. Fuller. (b) Life;
   animation;  spiritedness;  liveliness; sprightliness; as, the vivacity
   of  a  discourse;  a  lady of great vivacity; vivacity of countenance.
   Syn. -- Liveliness; gayety. See Liveliness.

                                 Vivandi\'8are

   Vi`van`di\'8are"  (?),  n.  [F.  See  Viand.]  In  Continental armies,
   especially  in  the  French army, a woman accompanying a regiment, who
   sells provisions and liquor to the soldiers; a female sutler.

                                   Vivarium

   Vi*va"ri*um  (?),  n.;  pl. E. Vivariums (#), L. Vivaria (#). [L., fr.
   vivarius  belonging  to living creatures, fr. vivus alive, living. See
   Vivid.]  A  place  artificially arranged for keeping or raising living
   animals, as a park, a pond, an aquarium, a warren, etc.

                                    Vivary

   Vi"va*ry  (?),  n.;  pl. Vivaries (. A vivarium. "That . . . vivary of
   fowls and beasts." Donne.

                                   Viva voce

   Vi"va vo"ce (?). [L.] By word of mouth; orally.

                                     Vivda

   Viv"da (?), n. See Vifda.

                                     Vive

   Vive  (v&emac;v).  [F.,  imperative  sing. pres. fr. vivre to live, L.
   vivere.]  Long  live,  that is, success to; as, vive le roi, long live
   the king; vive la bagatelle, success to trifles or sport.

                                     Vive

   Vive  (v&imac;v),  a.  [L.  vivus:  cf.  F.  vif.  See Vivid.] Lively;
   animated; forcible. [Obs.] Bacon.

                                    Vively

   Vive"ly, adv. In a lively manner. [Obs.]

     If I see a thing vively represented on the stage. B. Jonson.

                                    Vivency

   Vi"ven*cy  (?),  n.  [L.  vivens, p. pr. of vivere to live.] Manner of
   supporting or continuing life or vegetation. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

                                    Viverra

   Vi*ver"ra  (?),  n.  [L.,  a ferret.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of carnivores
   which comprises the civets.

                                   Viverrine

   Vi*ver"rine  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Viverrid\'91,
   or Civet family.

                                    Vivers

   Vi"vers  (?),  n.  pl.  [F.  vivres,  pl.  of  vivre, orig., to live.]
   Provisions; victuals. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

     I  'll  join  you at three, if the vivers can tarry so long. Sir W.
     Scott.

                                     Vives

   Vives  (?),  n.  [OF. vives, F. avives (cf. Sp. abivas, adiva) fr. Ar.
   ad-dh\'c6ba.  Cf.  Fives  vives.]  (Far.)  A disease of brute animals,
   especially  of  horses,  seated  in  the glands under the ear, where a
   tumor is formed which sometimes ends in suppuration.

                                   Vivianite

   Viv"i*an*ite   (?),   n.  [So  called  by  Werner  after  the  English
   mineralogist  F.  G.  Vivian.] (Min.) A hydrous phosphate of iron of a
   blue  to  green  color,  growing  darker  on  exposure.  It  occurs in
   monoclinic crystals, also fibrous, massive, and earthy.

                                     Vivid

   Viv"id (?), a. [L. vividus, from vivere to life; akin to vivus living.
   See Quick, a., and cf. Revive, Viand, Victuals, Vital.]

   1.  True  to the life; exhibiting the appearance of life or freshness;
   animated; spirited; bright; strong; intense; as, vivid colors.

     In dazzling streaks the vivid lightnings play. Cowper.

     Arts  which  present,  with  all  the vivid charms of painting, the
     human face and human form divine. Bp. Hobart.

   2.  Forming  brilliant  images,  or painting in lively colors; lively;
   sprightly; as, a vivid imagination.

     Body  is a fit workhouse for sprightly, vivid faculties to exercise
     . . . themselves in. South.

   Syn.  --  Clear;  lucid;  bright;  strong;  striking;  lively;  quick;
   sprightly; active. -- Viv"id*ly, adv. -- Viv"id*ness, n.

                                   Vividity

   Vi*vid"i*ty  (?),  n.  The quality or state of being vivid; vividness.
   [R.]

                              Vivific, Vivifical

   Vi*vif"ic  (?),  Vi*vif"ic*al (?), a. [L. vivificus: cf. F. vivifique.
   See Vivify.] Giving life; reviving; enlivening. [R.]

                                  Vivificate

   Vi*vif"i*cate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  vivificatus,  p.  p. vivificare. See
   Vivify.]

   1. To give life to; to animate; to revive; to vivify. [R.]

     God vivificates and actuates the whole world. Dr. H. More.

   2.  (Chem.)  To  bring  back  a metal to the metallic form, as from an
   oxide or solution; to reduce. [Obs.]

                                 Vivification

   Viv`i*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [L. vivificatio: cf. vivification.]

   1.  The  act of vivifying, or the state of being vivified; restoration
   of life; revival. Bacon.

   2.  (Physiol.)  One  of  the changes of assimilation, in which proteid
   matter  which  has  been transformed, and made a part of the tissue or
   tissue  cells,  is endowed with life, and thus enabled to manifest the
   phenomena of irritability, contractility, etc. McKendrick.

   3. (Chem.) The act or process of vivificating. [Obs.]

                                 Vivificative

   Viv"i*fi*ca*tive  (?),  a. Able or tending to vivify, animate, or give
   life; vivifying.

                                    Vivify

   Viv"i*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Vivified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vivifying  (?).]  [F.  vivifier,  L.  vivificare.  See Vivid, -fy; cf.
   Vivificate.]  To endue with life; to make to be living; to quicken; to
   animate.

     Sitting on eggs doth vivify, not nourish. Bacon.

                                   Vivipara

   Vi*vip"a*ra (?), n. pl. [NL. See Viviparous.] (Zo\'94l.) An artificial
   division  of  vertebrates  including  those  that  produce their young
   alive; -- opposed to Ovipara.

                                  Viviparity

   Viv`i*par"i*ty  (?),  n.  (Biol.)  The  quality  or condition of being
   viviparous. H. Spencer.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1616

                                  Viviparous

   Vi*vip"a*rous  (?),  a.  [L.  viviparus; vivus alive + parere to bear,
   bring forth. Cf. Viper.] (Biol.) Producing young in a living state, as
   most  mammals,  or as those plants the offspring of which are produced
   alive,  either  by  bulbs instead of seeds, or by the seeds themselves
   germinating  on  the plant, instead of falling, as they usually do; --
   opposed  to oviparous. Viviparous fish. (Zo\'94l.) See Embiotocoid. --
   Viviparous   shell   (Zo\'94l.),   any  one  of  numerous  species  of
   operculated  fresh-water  gastropods belonging to Viviparus, Melantho,
   and  allied  genera.  Their  young,  when  born, have a well-developed
   spiral shell.

                                 Viviparously

   Vi*vip"a*rous*ly, adv. (Biol.) In a viviparous manner.

                                Viviparousness

   Vi*vip"a*rous*ness,  n.  (Biol.)  The  quality  of  being  viviparous;
   viviparity.

                                   Vivisect

   Viv"i*sect`  (?), v. t. To perform vivisection upon; to dissect alive.
   [Colloq.] Pop. Sci. Monthly.

                                  Vivisection

   Viv`i*sec"tion   (?),  n.  [L.  vivus  alive  +  E.  section:  cf.  F.
   vivisection.  See  Vivid,  and  Section.]  The dissection of an animal
   while alive, for the purpose of making physiological investigations.

                                 Vivisectional

   Viv`i*sec"tion*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to vivisection.

                                Vivisectionist

   Viv`i*sec"tion*ist,  n.  One who practices or advocates vivisection; a
   vivisector.

                                  Vivisector

   Viv`i*sec"tor (?), n. A vivisectionist.

                                     Vixen

   Vix"en (?), n. [AS. fixen a she-fox, for fyxen, fem. of fox. See Fox.]

   1. A female fox. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

   2.  A  cross, ill-tempered person; -- formerly used of either sex, now
   only of a woman. Barrow.

     She was a vixen when she went to school. Shak.

                                   Vixenish

   Vix"en*ish, a. Of or pertaining to a vixen; resembling a vixen.

                                    Vixenly

   Vix"en*ly, a. Like a vixen; vixenish. Barrow.

                                      Viz

   Viz (?), adv. [Contr. fr. videlicet.] To wit; that is; namely.

                                    Vizard

   Viz"ard  (?),  n. [See Visor.] A mask; a visor. [Archaic] "A grotesque
   vizard." Sir W. Scott.

     To mislead and betray them under the vizard of law. Milton.

                                   Vizarded

   Viz"ard*ed, a. Wearing a vizard. [R.] Shak.

                                   Vizcacha

   Viz*ca"cha (?), n. [Sp.] (Zo\'94l.) Same as Viscacha.

                                    Vizier

   Viz"ier  (?),  n.  [Ar.  wez\'c6r,  waz\'c6r,  properly,  a  bearer of
   burdens,  a porter, from wazara to bear a burden: cf. F. vizir, visir.
   Cf.  Alguazil.]  A  councilor  of  state;  a high executive officer in
   Turkey  and other Oriental countries. [Written also visier, vizir, and
   vizer.]  Grand  vizier,  the  chief minister of the Turkish empire; --
   called also vizier-azem.

                                   Vizierate

   Viz"ier*ate  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  vizirat.]  The  office,  dignity,  or
   authority of a vizier.

                                  Vizier-azem

   Vi*zier`-a*zem"  (?), n. [Ar. azam great. See Vizier.] A grand vizier.
   See under Vizier.

                                   Vizierial

   Vi*zier"i*al  (?),  a. [Cf. F. vizirial.] Of, pertaining to, or issued
   by, a vizier. [Written also vizirial.]

                                     Vizir

   Vi*zir" (?), n. See Vizier.

                                     Vizor

   Viz"or (?), n. See Visor.

                                   Vlissmaki

   Vliss*ma"ki  (?),  n.  [From  the  native name.] (Zo\'94l.) The diadem
   indris. See Indris.

                                    V moth

   V"  moth`  (?). (Zo\'94l.) A common gray European moth (Halia vauaria)
   having a V-shaped spot of dark brown on each of the fore wings.

                                    Vocable

   Vo"ca*ble (?), n. [L. vocabulum an appellation, designation, name, fr.
   vocare  to  call, fr. vox, vocis, a voice, a word: cf. F. vocable. See
   Voice.]  A  word;  a  term; a name; specifically, a word considered as
   composed of certain sounds or letters, without regard to its meaning.

     Swamped near to drowning in a tide of ingenious vocables. Carlyle.

                                  Vocabulary

   Vo*cab"u*la*ry  (?),  n.;  pl.  Vocabularies  (#).  [LL. vocabularium,
   vocabularius: cf. F. vocabulaire. See Vocable.]

   1.  A  list  or collection of words arranged in alphabetical order and
   explained;  a  dictionary  or  lexicon,  either of a whole language, a
   single work or author, a branch of science, or the like; a word-book.

   2. A sum or stock of words employed.

     His  vocabulary seems to have been no larger than was necessary for
     the transaction of business. Macaulay.

                                  Vocabulist

   Vo*cab"u*list  (?),  n. [Cf. F. vocabuliste.] The writer or maker of a
   vocabulary; a lexicographer.

                                     Vocal

   Vo"cal  (?),  a. [L. vocalis, fr. vox, vocis, voice: cf. F. vocal. See
   Voice, and cf. Vowel.]

   1. Of or pertaining to the voice or speech; having voice; endowed with
   utterance; full of voice, or voices.

     To hill or valley, fountain, or fresh shade, Made vocal by my song.
     Milton.

   2.  Uttered  or  modulated by the voice; oral; as, vocal melody; vocal
   prayer. "Vocal worship." Milton.

   3. Of or pertaining to a vowel or voice sound; also,

   4.  (Phon.)  (a)  Consisting  of,  or characterized by, voice, or tone
   produced in the larynx, which may be modified, either by resonance, as
   in  the  case  of  the vowels, or by obstructive action, as in certain
   consonants, such as v, l, etc., or by both, as in the nasals m, n, ng;
   sonant;  intonated;  voiced.  See  Voice,  and  Vowel,  also  Guide to
   Pronunciation,  199-202. (b) Of or pertaining to a vowel; having the
   character of a vowel; vowel.
   Vocal  cords  OR chords. (Anat.) See Larynx, and the Note under Voice,
   n.,  1.  --  Vocal  fremitus [L. fremitus a dull roaring or murmuring]
   (Med.),  the  perceptible vibration of the chest wall, produced by the
   transmission  of  the  sonorous vibrations during the act of using the
   voice.  --  Vocal  music, music made by the voice, in distinction from
   instrumental  music;  hence,  music  or  tunes  set  to  words,  to be
   performed  by  the human voice. -- Vocal tube (Anat.), the part of the
   air passages above the inferior ligaments of the larynx, including the
   passages through the nose and mouth.

                                     Vocal

   Vo"cal (?), n. [Cf. F. vocal, LL. vocalis.]

   1.  (Phon.)  A  vocal  sound;  specifically, a purely vocal element of
   speech,  unmodified  except  by  resonance;  a vowel or a diphthong; a
   tonic  element;  a  tonic;  --  distinguished  from  a subvocal, and a
   nonvocal.

   2. (R. C. Ch.) A man who has a right to vote in certain elections.

                                    Vocalic

   Vo*cal"ic (?), a. [L. vocalis (sc. littera) a vowel. See Vocal, a.] Of
   or pertaining to vowel sounds; consisting of the vowel sounds. Earle.

     The Gaelic language being uncommonly vocalic. Sir W. Scott.

                                   Vocalism

   Vo"cal*ism (?), n.

   1. The exercise of the vocal organs; vocalization.

   2. A vocalic sound. [R.]

                                   Vocalist

   Vo"cal*ist,  n.  [Cf.  F.  vocaliste.] A singer, or vocal musician, as
   opposed to an instrumentalist.

                                   Vocality

   Vo*cal"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. L. vocalitas euphony.]

   1.  The quality or state of being vocal; utterableness; resonance; as,
   the vocality of the letters.

   2. The quality of being a vowel; vocalic character.

                                 Vocalization

   Vo`cal*i*za"tion (?), n.

   1. The act of vocalizing, or the state of being vocalized.

   2. The formation and utterance of vocal sounds.

                                   Vocalize

   Vo"cal*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Vocalized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vocalizing (?).] [Cf. F. vocaliser.]

   1.  To form into voice; to make vocal or sonant; to give intonation or
   resonance to.

     It  is  one thing to give an impulse to breath alone, another thing
     to vocalize that breath. Holder.

   2. To practice singing on the vowel sounds.

                                    Vocally

   Vo"cal*ly, adv.

   1. In a vocal manner; with voice; orally; with audible sound.

   2. In words; verbally; as, to express desires vocally.

                                   Vocalness

   Vo"cal*ness, n. The quality of being vocal; vocality.

                                   Vocation

   Vo*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [L. vocatio a bidding, invitation, fr. vocare to
   call, fr. vox, vocis, voice: cf. F. vocation. See Vocal.]

   1.  A  call;  a  summons;  a  citation;  especially,  a designation or
   appointment to a particular state, business, or profession.

     What  can  be urged for them who not having the vocation of poverty
     to  scribble,  out  of  mere wantonness make themselves ridiculous?
     Dryden.

   2.  Destined  or  appropriate  employment; calling; occupation; trade;
   business; profession.

     He  would think his service greatly rewarded, if he might obtain by
     that means to live in the sight of his prince, and yet practice his
     own chosen vocation. Sir. P. Sidney.

   3.  (Theol.)  A  calling  by the will of God. Specifically: -- (a) The
   bestowment  of  God's distinguishing grace upon a person or nation, by
   which  that  person  or nation is put in the way of salvation; as, the
   vocation  of  the Jews under the old dispensation, and of the Gentiles
   under  the  gospel.  "The  golden  chain  of  vocation,  election, and
   justification."  Jer. Taylor. (b) A call to special religious work, as
   to the ministry.

     Every  member  of  the  same  [the  Church],  in  his  vocation and
     ministry. Bk. of Com. Prayer.

                                   Vocative

   Voc"a*tive  (?),  a.  [L.  vocativus,  fr.  vocare  to  call.]  Of  or
   pertaining  to calling; used in calling; specifically (Gram.), used in
   address;  appellative;  --  said  of  that  case  or form of the noun,
   pronoun,  or  adjective,  in which a person or thing is addressed; as,
   Domine, O Lord.

                                   Vocative

   Voc"a*tive, n. [L. vocativus (sc. casus): cf. F. vocatif.] (Gram.) The
   vocative case.

                                  Vociferance

   Vo*cif"er*ance (?), n. Vociferation; noise; clamor. [R.] R. Browning.

                                  Vociferant

   Vo*cif"er*ant  (?),  a.  [L.  vociferans,  p.  pr.]  Noisy; clamorous.
   Gauden. R. Browning.

                                  Vociferate

   Vo*cif"er*ate  (?),  v.  i.  [L.  vociferatus,  p.  p.  vociferari  to
   vociferate;  vox, vocis, voice + ferre to bear. See Voice, and Bear to
   carry.]  To  cry  out  with vehemence; to exclaim; to bawl; to clamor.
   Cowper.

                                  Vociferate

   Vo*cif"er*ate,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Vociferated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vociferating.] To utter with a loud voice; to shout out.

     Though he may vociferate the word liberty. V. Knox.

                                 Vociferation

   Vo*cif`er*a"tion (?), n. [L. vociferatio: cf. F. vocif\'82ration.] The
   act of vociferating; violent outcry; vehement utterance of the voice.

     Violent  gesture and vociferation naturally shake the hearts of the
     ignorant. Spectator.

     Plaintive  strains  succeeding  the  vociferations of emotion or of
     pain. Byron.

                                  Vociferator

   Vo*cif"er*a`tor (?), n. One who vociferates, or is clamorous. [R.]

                                  Vociferous

   Vo*cif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  vocif\'8are.] Making a loud outcry;
   clamorous; noisy; as, vociferous heralds. -- Vo*cif"er*ous*ly, adv. --
   Vo*cif"er*ous*ness, n.

                                    Vocule

   Voc"ule  (?),  n.  [L.  vocula,  dim. of vox, vocis, voice.] (Phon.) A
   short  or  weak  utterance;  a faint or feeble sound, as that heard on
   separating the lips in pronouncing p or b. Rush. -- Voc"u*lar (#), a.

                                   Vodanium

   Vo*da"ni*um  (?),  n.  [NL.] (Old Chem.) A supposed element, afterward
   found  to  be  a  mixture  of  several  metals, as copper, iron, lead,
   nickel, etc.

                                     Vodka

   Vod"ka (?), n. [Russ.] A Russian drink distilled from rye.

                                      Voe

   Voe  (?), n. [Cf. Icel ver sea, v\'94ar a fenced-in landing place.] An
   inlet, bay, or creek; -- so called in the Orkney and Shetland Islands.
   Jamieson.

                                     Vogle

   Vo"gle (?), n. (Mining) Same as Vugg.

                                     Vogue

   Vogue (?), n. [F. vogue a rowing, vogue, fashion, It. voga, fr. vogare
   to  row,  to  sail; probably fr. OHG. wag to move, akin to E. way. Cf.
   Way.]

   1.  The  way  or  fashion  of people at any particular time; temporary
   mode, custom, or practice; popular reception for the time; -- used now
   generally in the phrase in vogue.

     One vogue, one vein, One air of thoughts usurps my brain. Herbert.

     Whatsoever  its  vogue  may  be,  I  still  flatter myself that the
     parents  of  the  growing  generation  will  be satisfied with what
     Burke.

     Use  may revive the obsoletest words, And banish those that now are
     most in vogue. Roscommon.

   2. Influence; power; sway. [Obs.] Strype.

                                     Voice

   Voice (?), n. [OE. vois, voys, OF. vois, voiz, F. voix, L. vox, vocis,
   akin  to  Gr.  vac  to  say,  to speak, G. erw\'84hnen to mention. Cf.
   Advocate, Advowson, Avouch, Convoke, Epic, Vocal, Vouch, Vowel.]

   1. Sound uttered by the mouth, especially that uttered by human beings
   in  speech  or  song; sound thus uttered considered as possessing some
   special quality or character; as, the human voice; a pleasant voice; a
   low voice.

     He with a manly voice saith his message. Chaucer.

     Her  voice  was  ever  soft, Gentle, and low; an excellent thing in
     woman. Shak.

     Thy voice is music. Shak.

     Join thy voice unto the angel choir. Milton.

   2. (Phon.) Sound of the kind or quality heard in speech or song in the
   consonants  b,  v,  d,  etc., and in the vowels; sonant, or intonated,
   utterance;  tone;  -- distinguished from mere breath sound as heard in
   f, s, sh, etc., and also whisper.

     NOTE: &hand; Vo ice, in this sense, is produced by vibration of the
     so-called  vocal  cords in the larynx (see Illust. of Larynx) which
     act  upon  the  air, not in the manner of the strings of a stringed
     instrument,  but  as a pair of membranous tongues, or reeds, which,
     being  continually  forced apart by the outgoing current of breath,
     and  continually brought together again by their own elasticity and
     muscular  tension, break the breath current into a series of puffs,
     or  pulses,  sufficiently rapid to cause the sensation of tone. The
     power,  or  loudness,  of  such  a tone depends on the force of the
     separate  pulses,  and  this  is  determined by the pressure of the
     expired  air, together with the resistance on the part of the vocal
     cords  which  is  continually  overcome.  Its  pitch depends on the
     number  of  a\'89rial  pulses  within a given time, that is, on the
     rapidity  of  their  succession.  See Guide to Pronunciation,  5,
     146, 155.

   3. The tone or sound emitted by anything.

     After the fire a still small voice. 1 Kings xix. 12.

     Canst thou thunder with a voice like him? Job xl. 9.

     The floods have lifted up their voice. Ps. xciii. 3.

     O  Marcus,  I  am  warm'd;  my  heart Leaps at the trumpet's voice.
     Addison.

   4. The faculty or power of utterance; as, to cultivate the voice.

   5.  Language;  words;  speech; expression; signification of feeling or
   opinion.

     I  desire to be present with you now, and to change my voice; for I
     stand in doubt of you. Gal. iv. 20.

     My voice is in my sword. Shak.

     Let us call on God in the voice of his church. Bp. Fell.

   6. Opinion or choice expressed; judgment; a vote.

     Sic.  How  now,  my masters! have you chose this man? 1 Cit. He has
     our voices, sir. Shak.

     Some  laws  ordain, and some attend the choice Of holy senates, and
     elect by voice. Dryden.

   7. Command; precept; -- now chiefly used in scriptural language.

     So shall ye perish; because ye would not be obedient unto the voice
     of the Lord your God. Deut. viii. 20.

   8.  One  who  speaks;  a  speaker.  "A  potent  voice  of Parliament."
   Tennyson.

   9.  (Gram.) A particular mode of inflecting or conjugating verbs, or a
   particular form of a verb, by means of which is indicated the relation
   of the subject of the verb to the action which the verb expresses.
   Active  voice  (Gram.),  that form of the verb by which its subject is
   represented  as  the  agent  or doer of the action expressed by it. --
   Chest voice (Phon.), a kind of voice of a medium or low pitch and of a
   sonorous  quality ascribed to resonance in the chest, or thorax; voice
   of  the thick register. It is produced by vibration of the vocal cords
   through  their  entire  width  and thickness, and with convex surfaces
   presented  to  each  other.  -- Head voice (Phon.), a kind of voice of
   high  pitch  and  of a thin quality ascribed to resonance in the head;
   voice  of  the thin register; falsetto. In producing it, the vibration
   of  the  cords is limited to their thin edges in the upper part, which
   are  then  presented to each other. -- Middle voice (Gram.), that form
   of  the verb by which its subject is represented as both the agent, or
   doer, and the object of the action, that is, as performing some act to
   or  upon  himself, or for his own advantage. -- Passive voice. (Gram.)
   See  under  Passive,  a. -- Voice glide (Pron.), the brief and obscure
   neutral vowel sound that sometimes occurs between two consonants in an
   unaccented  syllable  (represented  by  the  apostrophe),  as  in able
   (a"b'l).  See  Glide,  n.,  2.  --  Voice stop. See Voiced stop, under
   Voiced,  a.  -- With one voice, unanimously. "All with one voice . . .
   cried out, Great is Diana of the Ephesians." Acts xix. 34.
   
                                     Voice
                                       
   Voice, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Voiced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Voicing (?).] 

   1.  To  give  utterance  or  expression  to;  to utter; to publish; to
   announce;  to  divulge;  as,  to  voice  the sentiments of the nation.
   "Rather  assume  thy  right  in  silence  and . . . then voice it with
   claims and challenges." Bacon.

     It  was  voiced  that  the  king  purposed  to  put to death Edward
     Plantagenet. Bacon.

   2.  (Phon.)  To  utter  with sonant or vocal tone; to pronounce with a
   narrowed  glottis  and  rapid  vibrations of the vocal cords; to speak
   above a whisper.

   3.  To  fit  for producing the proper sounds; to regulate the tone of;
   as, to voice the pipes of an organ.

   4. To vote; to elect; to appoint. [Obs.] Shak.

                                     Voice

   Voice, v. i. To clamor; to cry out. [Obs.] South.

                                    Voiced

   Voiced (?), a.

   1. Furnished with a voice; expressed by the voice.

   2. (Phon.) Uttered with voice; pronounced with vibrations of the vocal
   cords; sonant; -- said of a sound uttered with the glottis narrowed.
   Voiced  stop,  Voice  stop (Phon.), a stopped consonant made with tone
   from  the  larynx  while  the mouth organs are closed at some point; a
   sonant mute, as b, d, g hard.
     _________________________________________________________________
   
   Page 1617
   
                                   Voiceful
                                       
   Voice"ful (?), a. Having a voice or vocal quality; having a loud voice
   or many voices; vocal; sounding.
   
     Beheld  the  Iliad  and  the  Odyssey  Rise  to the swelling of the
     voiceful sea. Coleridge.
     
                                   Voiceless
                                       
   Voice"less, a. 

   1. Having no voice, utterance, or vote; silent; mute; dumb.

     I live and die unheard, With a most voiceless thought, sheathing it
     as a sword. Byron.

   2. (Phon.) Not sounded with voice; as, a voiceless consonant; surd.
   Voiceless  stop (Phon.), a consonant made with no audible sound except
   in  the  transition to or from another sound; a surd mute, as p, t, k.
   -- Voice"less*ly, adv. -- Voice"less*ness, n.
   
                                     Void
                                       
   Void  (?),  a.  [OE. voide, OF. voit, voide, vuit, vuide, F. vide, fr.
   (assumed)  LL.  vocitus,  fr.  L.  vocare, an old form of vacare to be
   empty, or a kindred word. Cf. Vacant, Avoid.]
   
   1. Containing nothing; empty; vacant; not occupied; not filled.
   
     The earth was without form, and void. Gen. i. 2.
     
     I 'll get me to a place more void. Shak.
     
     I  'll  chain  him in my study, that, at void hours, I may run over
     the story of his country. Massinger.
     
   2. Having no incumbent; unoccupied; -- said of offices and the like.

     Divers great offices that had been long void. Camden.

   3.  Being  without;  destitute;  free;  wanting;  devoid;  as, void of
   learning, or of common use. Milton.

     A conscience void of offense toward God. Acts xxiv. 16.

     He that is void of wisdom despiseth his neighbor. Prov. xi. 12.

   4. Not producing any effect; ineffectual; vain.

     [My word] shall not return to me void, but it shall accomplish that
     which I please. Isa. lv. 11.

     I will make void the counsel of Judah. Jer. xix. 7.

   5. Containing no immaterial quality; destitute of mind or soul. "Idol,
   void and vain." Pope.

   6.  (Law)  Of  no  legal force or effect, incapable of confirmation or
   ratification; null. Cf. Voidable, 2.
   Void  space  (Physics),  a  vacuum.  Syn.  --  Empty;  vacant; devoid;
   wanting; unfurnished; unsupplied; unoccupied.

                                     Void

   Void, n. An empty space; a vacuum.

     Pride,  where  wit fails, steps in to our defense, And fills up all
     the mighty void of sense. Pope.

                                     Void

   Void,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Voided; p. pr. & vb. n. Voiding.] [OF.
   voidier, vuidier. See Void, a.]

   1.  To  remove  the  contents of; to make or leave vacant or empty; to
   quit; to leave; as, to void a table.

     Void anon her place. Chaucer.

     If  they will fight with us, bid them come down, Or void the field.
     Shak.

   2.  To  throw  or send out; to evacuate; to emit; to discharge; as, to
   void excrements.

     A watchful application of mind in voiding prejudices. Barrow.

     With shovel, like a fury, voided out The earth and scattered bones.
     J. Webster.

   3.  To render void; to make to be of no validity or effect; to vacate;
   to annul; to nullify.

     After  they had voided the obligation of the oath he had taken. Bp.
     Burnet.

     It was become a practice . . . to void the security that was at any
     time given for money so borrowed. Clarendon.

                                     Void

   Void, v. i. To be emitted or evacuated. Wiseman.

                                   Voidable

   Void"a*ble (?), a.

   1. Capable of being voided, or evacuated.

   2. (Law) Capable of being avoided, or of being adjudged void, invalid,
   and of no force; capable of being either avoided or confirmed.

     If  the  metropolitan  . . . grants letters of administration, such
     administration is not, but voidable by sentence. Ayliffe.

     NOTE: &hand; A  voidable contract may be ratified and confirmed; to
     render  it  null  and  of  no  effect,  it  must be avoided; a void
     contract can not be ratified.

                                   Voidance

   Void"ance (?), n.

   1. The act of voiding, emptying, ejecting, or evacuating.

   2. (Eccl.) A ejection from a benefice.

   3. The state of being void; vacancy, as of a benefice which is without
   an incumbent.

   4. Evasion; subterfuge. [Obs.] Bacon.

                                    Voided

   Void"ed, a.

   1. Emptied; evacuated.

   2. Annulled; invalidated.

   3.  (Her.)  Having  the  inner part cut away, or left vacant, a narrow
   border  being  left at the sides, the tincture of the field being seen
   in the vacant space; -- said of a charge.

                                    Voider

   Void"er (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, voids,

   2. A tray, or basket, formerly used to receive or convey that which is
   voided  or  cleared  away  from  a  given  place;  especially, one for
   carrying off the remains of a meal, as fragments of food; sometimes, a
   basket for containing household articles, as clothes, etc.

     Piers Plowman laid the cloth, and Simplicity brought in the voider.
     Decker.

     The  cloth  whereon  the earl dined was taken away, and the voider,
     wherein  the  plate  was  usually  put, was set upon the cupboard's
     head. Hist. of Richard Hainam.

   3. A servant whose business is to void, or clear away, a table after a
   meal. [R.] Decker.

   4.  (Her.)  One  of  the  ordinaries,  much  like the flanch, but less
   rounded and therefore smaller.

                                    Voiding

   Void"ing, n.

   1. The act of one who, or that which, v Bp. Hall.

   2.  That  which  is  voided;  that  which  is  ejected or evacuated; a
   remnant; a fragment. [R.] Rowe.
   Voiding  knife, a knife used for gathering up fragments of food to put
   them into a voider.

                                    Voiding

   Void"ing,  a. Receiving what is ejected or voided. "How in our voiding
   lobby hast thou stood?" Shak.

                                   Voidness

   Void"ness, n. The quality or state of being void;

                                   Voir dire

   Voir  dire  (?). [OF., to say the truth, fr. L. verus true + dicere to
   say.]  (Law)  An  oath administered to a witness, usually before being
   sworn in chief, requiring him to speak the truth, or make true answers
   in  reference  to  matters inquired of, to ascertain his competency to
   give evidence. Greenleaf. Ld. Abinger.

                                    Voiture

   Voi"ture  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  L.  vectura  a carrying, conveying. Cf.
   Vettura.] A carriage. Arbuthnot.

                                    Voivode

   Voi"vode (?), n. See Waywode. Longfellow.

                                   Volacious

   Vo*la"cious (?), a. [L. volare to fly.] Apt or fit to fly. [R.]

                                    Volador

   Vo*la*dor"  (?),  n.  [Sp.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) A flying fish of California
   (Exoc&oe;tus  Californicus):  -- called also volator. (b) The Atlantic
   flying gurnard. See under Flying.

                                    Volage

   Vo*lage" (?), a. [F.] Light; giddy. [Obs.]

     They wroughten all their lust volage. Chaucer.

                                    Volant

   Vo"lant  (?; 277), a. [L. volans, -antis, p. pr. of volare to fly: cf.
   F. volant.]

   1.  Passing  through  the air upon wings, or as if upon wings; flying;
   hence, passing from place to place; current.

     English  silver  now was current, and our gold volant in the pope's
     court. Fuller.

   2. Nimble; light and quick; active; rapid. "His volant touch." Milton.

   3.  (Her.)  Represented  as flying, or having the wings spread; as, an
   eagle volant.
   Volant  piece (Anc. Armor), an adjustable piece of armor, for guarding
   the throat, etc., in a joust.

                                    Volante

   Vo*lan"te  (?),  n.  [Sp.,  prop.,  flying.]  A  cumbrous  two-wheeled
   pleasure carriage used in Cuba.

                                  Volap\'81k

   Vol`a*p\'81k"  (?),  n  Literally,  world's  speech;  the  name  of an
   artificial  language  invented by Johan Martin Schleyer, of Constance,
   Switzerland, about 1879.

                                 Volap\'81kist

   Vol`a*p\'81k"ist,  n.  One  who  is  conversant  with,  or  who favors
   adoption of, Volap\'81k.

                                     Volar

   Vo"lar  (?),  a. [L. vola the palm of the hand, the sole of the foot.]
   (Anat.)  Of  or  pertaining to the palm of the hand or the sole of the
   foot.

                                    Volary

   Vol"a*ry (?), n. See Volery. [Obs.]

                                   Volatile

   Vol"a*tile  (?),  a.  [F.  volatil,  L.  volatilis, fr. volare to fly,
   perhaps akin to velox swift, E. velocity. Cf. Volley.]

   1.  Passing  through  the air on wings, or by the buoyant force of the
   atmosphere; flying; having the power to fly. [Obs.]

   2.  Capable of wasting away, or of easily passing into the a\'89riform
   state; subject to evaporation.

     NOTE: &hand; Su bstances wh ich af fect th e sm ell with pungent or
     fragrant  odors, as musk, hartshorn, and essential oils, are called
     volatile  substances,  because  they  waste away on exposure to the
     atmosphere.  Alcohol  and  ether  are called volatile liquids for a
     similar  reason,  and  because  they  easily pass into the state of
     vapor  on the application of heat. On the contrary, gold is a fixed
     substance,  because  it does not suffer waste, even when exposed to
     the  heat  of a furnace; and oils are called fixed when they do not
     evaporate on simple exposure to the atmosphere.

   3.  Fig.:  Light-hearted;  easily  affected  by  circumstances;  airy;
   lively; hence, changeable; fickle; as, a volatile temper.

     You are as giddy and volatile as ever. Swift.

   Volatile alkali. (Old Chem.) See under Alkali. -- Volatile liniment, a
   liniment  composed  of  sweet  oil  and  ammonia,  so  called from the
   readiness  with which the latter evaporates. -- Volatile oils. (Chem.)
   See Essential oils, under Essential.

                                   Volatile

   Vol"a*tile,  n.  [Cf.  F. volatile.] A winged animal; wild fowl; game.
   [Obs.] Chaucer. Sir T. Browne.

                           Volatileness, Volatility

   Vol"a*tile*ness,   Vol`a*til"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  volatilit\'82.]
   Quality   or  state  of  being  volatile;  disposition  to  evaporate;
   changeableness; fickleness. Syn. -- See Levity.

                                 Volatilizable

   Vol"a*til*i`za*ble  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  volatisable.] Capable of being
   volatilized.

                                Volatilization

   Vol`a*til*i*za"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  volatilisation.]  The  act or
   process  of  volatilizing,  or  rendering volatile; the state of being
   volatilized.

                                  Volatilize

   Vol"a*til*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Volatilized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Volatilizing  (?).]  [Cf.  F. volatiliser.] To render volatile; to
   cause to exhale or evaporate; to cause to pass off in vapor.

     The  water  .  .  .  dissolving the oil, and volatilizing it by the
     action. Sir I. Newton.

                                    Volator

   Vo*la"tor (?), n. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) Same as Volador, 1.

                                  Vol-au-vent

   Vol`-au`-vent"  (?),  n.  [F.]  (Cookery)  A  light puff paste, with a
   raised  border,  filled,  after baking, usually with a ragout of fowl,
   game, or fish.

                                  Vilborthite

   Vil"borth*ite  (?),  n. [So named after Volborth, who first discovered
   it.] (Min.) A mineral occurring in small six-sided tabular crystals of
   a green or yellow color. It is a hydrous vanadate of copper and lime.

                                   Volcanian

   Vol*ca"ni*an (?), a. Volcanic. [R.] Keats.

                                   Volcanic

   Vol*can"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. volcanique, It. vulcanico.]

   1. Of or pertaining to a volcano or volcanoes; as, volcanic heat.

   2. Produced by a volcano, or, more generally, by igneous agencies; as,
   volcanic tufa.

   3. Changed or affected by the heat of a volcano.
   Volcanic  bomb,  a  mass  ejected from a volcano, often of molten lava
   having  a  rounded  form.  --  Volcanic cone, a hill, conical in form,
   built  up  of  cinders,  tufa,  or lava, during volcanic eruptions. --
   Volcanic foci, the subterranean centers of volcanic action; the points
   beneath  volcanoes  where  the causes producing volcanic phenomena are
   most active. -- Volcanic glass, the vitreous form of lava, produced by
   sudden  cooling;  obsidian.  See  Obsidian.  --  Volcanic  mud, fetid,
   sulphurous mud discharged by a volcano. -- Volcanic rocks, rocks which
   have  been  produced  from  the  discharges of volcanic matter, as the
   various  kinds  of  basalt,  trachyte, scoria, obsidian, etc., whether
   compact, scoriaceous, or vitreous.

                                 Volcanically

   Vol*can"ic*al*ly (?), adv. Like a volcano.

                                  Volcanicity

   Vol`can*ic"i*ty  (?),  n. [Cf. F. volcanicit\'82.] Quality or state of
   being volcanic; volcanic power.

                                   Volcanism

   Vol"can*ism (?), n. Volcanic power or action; volcanicity.

                                   Volcanist

   Vol"can*ist, n. [Cf. F. volcaniste, vulcaniste.]

   1. One versed in the history and phenomena of volcanoes.

   2.  One who believes in the igneous, as opposed to the aqueous, origin
   of the rocks of the earth's crust; a vulcanist. Cf. Neptunist.

                                   Volcanity

   Vol*can"i*ty  (?),  n. [See Volcanic, and Volcanicity.] The quality or
   state of being volcanic, or volcanic origin; volcanicity. [R.]

                                 Volcanization

   Vol`can*i*za"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  of volcanizing, or the state of
   being  volcanized;  the process of undergoing volcanic heat, and being
   affected by it.

                                   Volcanize

   Vol"can*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Volcanized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Volcanizing (?).] [Cf. Vulcanize.] To subject to, or cause to undergo,
   volcanic heat, and to be affected by its action.

                                    Volcano

   Vol*ca"no  (?),  n.;  pl. Volcanoes (#). [It. volcano, vulcano, fr. L.
   Vulcanus  Vulkan,  the god of fire. See Vulkan.] (Geol.) A mountain or
   hill,  usually more or less conical in form, from which lava, cinders,
   steam,  sulphur  gases,  and the like, are ejected; -- often popularly
   called a burning mountain.

     NOTE: &hand; Vo lcanoes in clude ma ny of  the most conspicuous and
     lofty  mountains  of the earth, as Mt. Vesuvius in Italy (4,000 ft.
     high),  Mt.  Loa  in Hawaii (14,000 ft.), Cotopaxi in South America
     (nearly  20,000  ft.),  which are examples of active volcanoes. The
     crater  of a volcano is usually a pit-shaped cavity, often of great
     size.  The  summit crater of Mt. Loa has a maximum length of 13,000
     ft.,  and  a  depth  of nearly 800 feet. Beside the chief crater, a
     volcano may have a number of subordinate craters.

                                     Vole

   Vole (?), n. [F.] A deal at cards that draws all the tricks. Swift.

                                     Vole

   Vole, v. i. (Card Playing) To win all the tricks by a vole. Pope.

                                     Vole

   Vole,  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of numerous species of micelike rodents
   belonging   to   Arvicola   and   allied   genera   of  the  subfamily
   Arvicolin\'91.  They  have a thick head, short ears, and a short hairy
   tail.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e wa ter vo le, or  wa ter rat, of Europe (Arvicola
     amphibius)  is  a  common  large  aquatic species. The short-tailed
     field  vole (A. agrestis) of Northern and Central Europe, and Asia,
     the  Southern  field  vole (A. arvalis), and the Siberian root vole
     (A.  \'d2conomus),  are  important  European  species.  The  common
     species  of  the  Eastern  United States (A. riparius) (called also
     meadow mouse) and the prairie mouse (A. austerus) are abundant, and
     often injurious to vegetation. Other species are found in Canada.

                                    Volery

   Vol"er*y  (?),  n. [F. volerie a flying, voli\'8are a large bird cage,
   fr. voler to fly, L. volare. See Volatile.]

   1. A flight of birds. [R.] Locke.

   2. A large bird cage; an aviary.

                                     Volge

   Volge  (?),  n. [L. vulgus.] The common sort of people; the crowd; the
   mob. [Obs.] Fuller.

                                   Volitable

   Vol"i*ta*ble (?), a. Volatilizable. [Obs.]

                                  Volitation

   Vol`i*ta"tion  (?),  n. [L. volitare, volitatum, to fly to and fro, v.
   freq.  from  volare  to  fly.]  The act of flying; flight. [R.] Sir T.
   Browne.

                                   Volitient

   Vo*li"tient  (?),  a. [See Volition.] Exercising the will; acting from
   choice;  willing, or having power to will. "What I do, I do volitient,
   not obedient." Mrs. Browning.

                                   Volition

   Vo*li"tion (?), n. [F., fr. L. volo I will, velle to will, be willing.
   See Voluntary.]

   1.  The  act of willing or choosing; the act of forming a purpose; the
   exercise of the will.

     Volition  is the actual exercise of the power the mind has to order
     the  consideration  of  any idea, or the forbearing to consider it.
     Locke.

     Volition is an act of the mind, knowingly exerting that dominion it
     takes  itself to have over any part of the man, by employing it in,
     or withholding it from, any particular action. Locke.

   2. The result of an act or exercise of choosing or willing; a state of
   choice.

   3.  The  power  of willing or determining; will. Syn. -- Will; choice;
   preference; determination; purpose. -- Volition, Choice. Choice is the
   familiar,  and volition the scientific, term for the same state of the
   will; viz., an "elective preference." When we have "made up our minds"
   (as  we  say)  to  a  thing,  i.  e.,  have  a settled state of choice
   respecting  it, that state is called an immanent volition; when we put
   forth  any particular act of choice, that act is called an emanent, or
   executive, or imperative, volition. When an immanent, or settled state
   of,  choice,  is one which controls or governs a series of actions, we
   call  that  state  a  predominant  volition; while we give the name of
   subordinate  volitions  to those particular acts of choice which carry
   into  effect  the  object  sought for by the governing or "predominant
   volition." See Will.

                                  Volitional

   Vo*li"tion*al   (?),  a.  Belonging  or  relating  to  volition.  "The
   volitional impulse." Bacon.

                                   Volitive

   Vol"i*tive (?), a. [See Volition.]

   1.  Of  or pertaining to the will; originating in the will; having the
   power  to  will.  "They not only perfect the intellectual faculty, but
   the volitive." Sir M. Hale.

   2.  (Gram.)  Used  in  expressing  a  wish  or permission as, volitive
   proposition.

                                   Volkslied

   Volks"lied (?), n.; pl. Volkslieder (#) [G.] (Mus.) A popular song, or
   national air.

                                    Volley

   Vol"ley  (?),  n.; pl. Volleys (#). [F. vol\'82e; flight, a volley, or
   discharge of several guns, fr. voler to fly, L. volare. See Volatile.]

   1.  A  flight  of  missiles,  as  arrows,  bullets,  or  the like; the
   simultaneous discharge of a number of small arms.

     Fiery darts in flaming volleys flew. Milton.

     Each volley tells that thousands cease to breathe. Byron.

   2.  A burst or emission of many things at once; as, a volley of words.
   "This volley of oaths." B. Jonson.

     Rattling nonsense in full volleys breaks. Pope.

   3. (a) (Tennis) A return of the ball before it touches the ground. (b)
   (Cricket) A sending of the ball full to the top of the wicket.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1618

   Half  volley.  (a)  (Tennis) A return of the ball immediately after is
   has  touched  the  ground. (b) (Cricket) A sending of the ball so that
   after  touching  the ground it flies towards the top of the wicket. R.
   A.  Proctor. -- On the volley, at random. [Obs.] "What we spake on the
   volley  begins  work."  Massinger.  --  Volley gun, a gun with several
   barrels  for  firing  a  number  of  shots  simultaneously;  a kind of
   mitrailleuse.

                                    Volley

   Vol"ley  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Volleyed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Volleying.] To discharge with, or as with, a volley.

                                    Volley

   Vol"ley, v. i.

   1.  To  be  thrown  out, or discharged, at once; to be discharged in a
   volley, or as if in a volley; to make a volley or volleys. Tennyson.

   2.  (a)  (Tennis) To return the ball before it touches the ground. (b)
   (Cricket)  To  send  the  ball  full  to  the top of the wicket. R. A.
   Proctor.

                                   Volleyed

   Vol"leyed  (?),  a.  Discharged  with  a  sudden  burst, or as if in a
   volley; as, volleyed thunder.

                                     Volow

   Vol"ow  (?),  v.  t.  [From  the answer, Volo I will, in the baptismal
   service.  Richardson  (Dict.).] To baptize; -- used in contempt by the
   Reformers. [Obs.] Tyndale.

                                     Volt

   Volt (?), n. [F. volte; cf. It. volta. See Vault.]

   1.  (Man.)  A  circular  tread; a gait by which a horse going sideways
   round a center makes two concentric tracks.

   2. (Fencing) A sudden movement to avoid a thrust.

                                     Volt

   Volt,  n.  [After  Alessandro Volta, the Italian electrician.] (Elec.)
   The  unit  of  electro-motive  force;  -- defined by the International
   Electrical  Congress  in  1893  and  by United States Statute as, that
   electro-motive  force  which  steadily  applied  to  a conductor whose
   resistance  is  one ohm will produce a current of one amp\'8are. It is
   practically  equivalent  to  the  electro-motive  force  of a standard
   Clark's cell at a temperature of 15 C.

                                     Volta

   Vol"ta (?), n.; pl. Volte (#). [It. volta a turn, turning, a time. See
   Volt  a  tread.]  (Mus.) A turning; a time; -- chiefly used in phrases
   signifying  that  the  part is to be repeated one, two, or more times;
   as,  una  volta,  once.  Seconda volta, second time, points to certain
   modifications in the close of a repeated strain.

                                Volta-electric

   Vol"ta-e*lec"tric  (?), a. Of or pertaining to voltaic electricity, or
   voltaism.

                              Volta-electrometer

   Vol`ta-e`lec*trom"e*ter   (?),   n.   An   instrument  for  the  exact
   measurement of electric currents.

                                    Voltage

   Vol"tage  (?),  n. (Elec.) Electric potential or potential difference,
   expressed in volts.

                                  Voltagraphy

   Vol*tag"ra*phy (?), n. [Voltaic + -graphy.] In electrotypy, the act or
   art  of copying, in metals deposited by electrolytic action, a form or
   pattern which is made the negative electrode. [R.]

                                    Voltaic

   Vol*ta"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. volta\'8bque, It. voltaico.]

   1.  Of  or pertaining to Alessandro Volta, who first devised apparatus
   for  developing  electric currents by chemical action, and established
   this  branch  of  electric  science;  discovered by Volta; as, voltaic
   electricity.

   2.  Of  or pertaining to voltaism, or voltaic electricity; as, voltaic
   induction; the voltaic arc.

     NOTE: &hand; See the Note under Galvanism.

   Voltaic  arc,  a  luminous  arc, of intense brilliancy, formed between
   carbon  points  as  electrodes  by  the  passage of a powerful voltaic
   current.  --  Voltaic  battery,  an  apparatus  variously constructed,
   consisting  of  a  series of plates or pieces of dissimilar metals, as
   copper  and  zinc, arranged in pairs, and subjected to the action of a
   saline  or  acid  solution,  by  which  a  current  of  electricity is
   generated whenever the two poles, or ends of the series, are connected
   by  a conductor; a galvanic battery. See Battery, 4. (b), and Note. --
   Voltaic  circuit.  See  under Circuit. -- Voltaic couple OR element, a
   single  pair  of  the  connected  plates  of  a  battery.  --  Voltaic
   electricity.  See  the Note under Electricity. -- Voltaic pile, a kind
   of voltaic battery consisting of alternate disks of dissimilar metals,
   separated  by  moistened  cloth  or  paper.  See  5th Pile. -- Voltaic
   protection  of  metals,  the  protection  of  a  metal  exposed to the
   corrosive action of sea water, saline or acid liquids, or the like, by
   associating  it  with a metal which is positive to it, as when iron is
   galvanized, or coated with zinc.

                                  Voltairean

   Vol*tair"e*an (?), a. [Cf. F. voltairien.] Of or relating to Voltaire,
   the French author. J. Morley.

                                  Voltairism

   Vol*tair"ism (?), n. The theories or practice of Voltaire. J. Morley.

                                   Voltaism

   Vol"ta*ism  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  volta\'8bsme.]  (Physics) That form of
   electricity  which  is developed by the chemical action between metals
   and  different  liquids;  voltaic electricity; also, the science which
   treats  of  this  form  of electricity; -- called also galvanism, from
   Galvani,   on  account  of  his  experiments  showing  the  remarkable
   influence of this agent on animals.

                                  Voltameter

   Vol*tam"e*ter  (?), n. [Voltaic + -meter.] (Physics) An instrument for
   measuring the voltaic electricity passing through it, by its effect in
   decomposing  water  or  some  other  chemical  compound  acting  as an
   electrolyte.

                                  Voltaplast

   Vol"ta*plast  (?),  n.  [Voltaic + Gr. A form of voltaic, or galvanic,
   battery suitable for use electrotyping. G. Francis.

                                   Voltatype

   Vol"ta*type (?), n. [Voltaic + type.] An electrotype. [R.]

                                     Volti

   Vol"ti  (?), imperative. [It., fr. voltare to turn. See Volt a tread.]
   (Mus.)  Turn,  that is, turn over the leaf. Volti subito [It.] (Mus.),
   turn over quickly.

                                   Voltigeur

   Vol`ti*geur  (?),  n. [F., fr. voltiger to vault, It. volteggiare. See
   Volt a tread.]

   1. A tumbler; a leaper or vaulter.

   2.  (Mil.)  One  of  a  picked  company  of irregular riflemen in each
   regiment of the French infantry.

                                   Voltmeter

   Volt"me`ter  (?),  n.  [2d  volt  + -meter.] (elec.) An instrument for
   measuring  in  volts  the  differences  of potential between different
   points of an electrical circuit.

                                   Voltzite

   Voltz"ite  (?),  n.  [So  named in honor of Voltz, a French engineer.]
   (Min.)  An  oxysulphide  of  lead  occurring  in  implanted  spherical
   globules of a yellowish or brownish color; -- called also voltzine.

                             Volubilate, Volubile

   Vo*lu"bi*late  (?),  Vol"u*bile  (?)},  a.  [See Voluble.] Turning, or
   whirling; winding; twining; voluble.

                                  Volubility

   Vol`u*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  volubilitas: cf. F. volubilit\'82.] The
   quality  or  state  of  being  voluble  (in  any  of the senses of the
   adjective).

                                    Voluble

   Vol"u*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  volubilis, fr. volvere, volutum, to roll, to
   turn  round;  akin to Gr. welle a wave: cf. F. voluble. Cf. F. Well of
   water,  Convolvulus,  Devolve, Involve, Revolt, Vault an arch, Volume,
   Volute.]

   1.  Easily  rolling  or  turning;  easily  set in motion; apt to roll;
   rotating; as, voluble particles of matter.

   2. Moving with ease and smoothness in uttering words; of rapid speech;
   nimble in speaking; glib; as, a flippant, voluble, tongue.

     [Cassio,] a knave very voluble. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Vo luble wa s us ed fo rmerly to indicate readiness of
     speech  merely,  without  any  derogatory  suggestion. "A grave and
     voluble eloquence."

   Bp. Hacket.

   3. Changeable; unstable; fickle. [Obs.]

   4.  (Bot.)  Having  the  power or habit of turning or twining; as, the
   voluble stem of hop plants.
   Voluble  stem (Bot.), a stem that climbs by winding, or twining, round
   another body. -- Vol"u*ble*ness, n. -- Vol"u*bly, adv.

                                    Volume

   Vol"ume  (?),  n.  [F.,  from  L.  volumen  a roll of writing, a book,
   volume, from volvere, volutum, to roll. See Voluble.]

   1.  A  roll; a scroll; a written document rolled up for keeping or for
   use, after the manner of the ancients. [Obs.]

     The  papyrus,  and afterward the parchment, was joined together [by
     the  ancients] to form one sheet, and then rolled upon a staff into
     a volume (volumen). Encyc. Brit.

   2.  Hence,  a  collection  of  printed  sheets bound together, whether
   containing  a single work, or a part of a work, or more than one work;
   a  book;  a  tome;  especially, that part of an extended work which is
   bound up together in one cover; as, a work in four volumes.

     An  odd  volume  of  a  set  of  books  bears  not the value of its
     proportion to the set. Franklin.

   4. Anything of a rounded or swelling form resembling a roll; a turn; a
   convolution; a coil.

     So  glides  some  trodden  serpent  on  the  grass, And long behind
     wounded volume trails. Dryden.

     Undulating billows rolling their silver volumes. W. Irving.

   4.  Dimensions;  compass;  space occupied, as measured by cubic units,
   that  is,  cubic inches, feet, yards, etc.; mass; bulk; as, the volume
   of an elephant's body; a volume of gas.

   5. (Mus.) Amount, fullness, quantity, or caliber of voice or tone.
   Atomic  volume,  Molecular volume (Chem.), the ratio of the atomic and
   molecular  weights divided respectively by the specific gravity of the
   substance  in  question.  --  Specific  volume  (Physics & Chem.), the
   quotient  obtained  by  dividing  unity  by  the specific gravity; the
   reciprocal  of  the  specific  gravity. It is equal (when the specific
   gravity  is referred to water at 4 C. as a standard) to the number of
   cubic centimeters occupied by one gram of the substance.

                                    Volumed

   Vol"umed (?), a.

   1. Having the form of a volume, or roil; as, volumed mist.

     The  distant  torrent's  rushing  sound  Tells  where  the  volumed
     cataract doth roll. Byron.

   2. Having volume, or bulk; massive; great.

                                 Volumenometer

   Vol`u*me*nom"e*ter  (?), n. [L. volumen volume + -meter.] (Physics) An
   instrument  for measuring the volume of a body, especially a solid, by
   means  of the difference in tension caused by its presence and absence
   in a confined portion of air.

                                 Volumenometry

   Vol`u*me*nom"e*try  (?), n. (Chem. & Physics) The method or process of
   measuring volumes by means of the volumenometer.

                                 Vollumescope

   Vol*lu"me*scope  (?),  n.  [Volume  + -scope.] (Physics) An instrument
   consisting  essentially  of  a  glass  tube  provided with a graduated
   scale,  for  exhibiting  to  the eye the changes of volume of a gas or
   gaseous mixture resulting from chemical action, and the like.

                                  Vollumeter

   Vol*lu"me*ter (?), n. [Cf. F. volum\'8atre. See Volumetric.] (Physics)
   An  instrument  for  measuring  the  volumes  of  gases  or liquids by
   introducing them into a vessel of known capacity.

                                  Volumetric

   Vol`u*met"ric  (?),  a.  [Volume  +  -metric.] Of or pertaining to the
   measurement of volume. Volumetric analysis (Chem.), that system of the
   quantitative  analysis  of solutions which employs definite volumes of
   standardized solutions of reagents, as measured by burettes, pipettes,
   etc.; also, the analysis of gases by volume, as by the eudiometer.

                                 Volumetrical

   Vol`u*met"ric*al (?), a. Volumetric. -- Vol`u*met"ric*al*ly, adv.

                                  Voluminous

   Vo*lu"mi*nous  (?),  a.  [L.  voluminosus:  cf.  F. volumineux.] Of or
   pertaining  to  volume  or volumes. Specifically: -- (a) Consisting of
   many folds, coils, or convolutions.

     But ended foul in many a scaly fold, Voluminous and vast. Milton.

     Over  which  dusky  draperies  are hanging, and voluminous curtains
     have long since fallen. De Quincey.

   (b) Of great volume, or bulk; large. B. Jonson. (c) Consisting of many
   volumes  or books; as, the collections of Muratori are voluminous. (d)
   Having written much, or produced many volumes; copious; diffuse; as, a
   voluminous writer. -- Vo*lu"mi*nous*ly, adv. -- Vo*lu"mi*nous*ness, n.

                                   Volumist

   Vol"u*mist (?), n. One who writes a volume; an author. [Obs.] Milton.

                                  Voluntarily

   Vol"un*ta*ri*ly  (?),  adv.  In a voluntary manner; of one's own will;
   spontaneously.

                                 Voluntariness

   Vol"un*ta*ri*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  voluntary;
   spontaneousness;  specifically,  the quality or state of being free in
   the exercise of one's will.

                                   Voluntary

   Vol"un*ta*ry  (?), a. [L. voluntarius, fr. voluntas will, choice, from
   the  root  of  velle  to  will, p. pr. volens; akin to E. will: cf. F.
   volontaire,  Of. also voluntaire. See Will, v. t., and cf. Benevolent,
   Volition, Volunteer.]

   1. Proceeding from the will; produced in or by an act of choice.

     That  sin  or guilt pertains exclusively to voluntary action is the
     true principle of orthodoxy. N. W. Taylor.

   2.  Unconstrained  by  the  interference of another; unimpelled by the
   influence  of  another;  not prompted or persuaded by another; done of
   his  or  its  own  accord;  spontaneous;  acting  of one's self, or of
   itself; free.

     Our voluntary service he requires. Milton.

     She fell to lust a voluntary prey. Pope.

   3.  Done  by design or intention; intentional; purposed; intended; not
   accidental;  as,  if  a man kills another by lopping a tree, it is not
   voluntary manslaughter.

   4.  (Physiol.)  Of or pertaining to the will; subject to, or regulated
   by,  the  will;  as,  the  voluntary motions of an animal, such as the
   movements  of the leg or arm (in distinction from involuntary motions,
   such  as  the  movements  of  the heart); the voluntary muscle fibers,
   which are the agents in voluntary motion.

   5. Endowed with the power of willing; as, man is a voluntary agent.

     God  did not work as a necessary, but a voluntary, agent, intending
     beforehand,  and  decreeing  with himself, that which did outwardly
     proceed from him. Hooker.

   6.  (Law) Free; without compulsion; according to the will, consent, or
   agreement,  of  a  party;  without  consideration; gratuitous; without
   valuable consideration.

   7.  (Eccl.)  Of or pertaining to voluntaryism; as, a voluntary church,
   in distinction from an established or state church.
   Voluntary  affidavit  OR  oath  (Law),  an  affidavit  or oath made in
   extrajudicial  matter.  --  Voluntary  conveyance  (Law), a conveyance
   without  valuable consideration. -- Voluntary escape (Law), the escape
   of  a  prisoner  by  the  express consent of the sheriff. -- Voluntary
   jurisdiction.  (Eng.  Eccl.  Law)  See Contentious jurisdiction, under
   Contentious.  --  Voluntary waste. (Law) See Waste, n., 4. Syn. -- See
   Spontaneous.

                                   Voluntary

   Vol"un*ta*ry, n.; pl. Voluntaries (.

   1.  One  who  engages in any affair of his own free will; a volunteer.
   [R.] Shak.

   2. (Mus.) A piece played by a musician, often extemporarily, according
   to  his  fancy;  specifically, an organ solo played before, during, or
   after divine service.

   3. (Eccl.) One who advocates voluntaryism.

                                 Voluntaryism

   Vol"un*ta*ry*ism  (?),  n.  (Eccl.)  The  principle  of  supporting  a
   religious  system  and  its  institutions by voluntary association and
   effort, rather than by the aid or patronage of the state.

                                   Volunteer

   Vol`un*teer" (?), n. [F. volontaire. See Voluntary, a.]

   1.  One  who  enters  into, or offers for, any service of his own free
   will.

   2.  (Mil.)  One  who enters into service voluntarily, but who, when in
   service, is subject to discipline and regulations like other soldiers;
   --  opposed  to  conscript;  specifically,  a  voluntary member of the
   organized  militia  of  a  country  as distinguished from the standing
   army.

   3. (Law) A grantee in a voluntary conveyance; one to whom a conveyance
   is  made without valuable consideration; a party, other than a wife or
   child  of  the  grantor,  to  whom,  or for whose benefit, a voluntary
   conveyance is made. Burrill.

                                   Volunteer

   Vol`un*teer",  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  volunteer or volunteers;
   consisting   of   volunteers;   voluntary;  as,  volunteer  companies;
   volunteer advice.

                                   Volunteer

   Vol`un*teer",  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Volunteered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Volunteering.] To offer or bestow voluntarily, or without solicitation
   or compulsion; as, to volunteer one's services.

                                   Volunteer

   Vol`un*teer",  v. i. To enter into, or offer for, any service of one's
   own  free will, without solicitation or compulsion; as, he volunteered
   in that undertaking.

                                   Volupere

   Vol"u*pere (?), n. [Cf. Envelop.] A woman's cap. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                  Voluptuary

   Vo*lup"tu*a*ry (?; 135), n.; pl. Voluptuaries (#). [L. voluptuarius or
   voluptarius,  fr.  voluptas  pleasure.]  A  voluptuous person; one who
   makes  his  physical enjoyment his chief care; one addicted to luxury,
   and the gratification of sensual appetites.

     A good-humored, but hard-hearted, voluptuary. Sir W. Scott.

   Syn. -- Sensualist; epicure.

                                  Voluptuary

   Vo*lup"tu*a*ry, a. Voluptuous; luxurious.

                                  Voluptuous

   Vo*lup"tu*ous  (?),  a.  [F.  voluptueux, L. voluptuosus, fr. voluptas
   pleasure, volup agreeably, delightfully; probably akin to Gr. velle to
   wish. See Voluntary.]

   1.  Full  of  delight  or  pleasure,  especially  that  of the senses;
   ministering  to  sensuous  or  sensual gratification; exciting sensual
   desires; luxurious; sensual.

     Music arose with its voluptuous swell. Byron.

     Sink back into your voluptuous repose. De Quincey.

   2. Given to the enjoyments of luxury and pleasure; indulging to excess
   in   sensual   gratifications.  "The  jolly  and  voluptuous  livers."
   Atterbury.

     Softened with pleasure and voluptuous life. Milton.

   -- Vo*lup"tu*ous*ly, adv. -- , n.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1619

                                    Volupty

   Vo*lup"ty  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  volupt\'82  pleasure.  See Voluptuous.]
   Voluptuousness. [Obs.]

                                    Voluta

   Vo*lu"ta  (?), n.; pl. E. Volutas (#), L. Volut\'91 (#). [L., a spiral
   scroll.  See Volute.] (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of large,
   handsome marine gastropods belonging to Voluta and allied genera.

                                  Volutation

   Vol`u*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L. volutatio, from volutare to roll, wallow,
   verb  freq.  volvere,  volutum,  to  roll.]  A  rolling  of  a body; a
   wallowing. [R.] Sir T. Browne.

                                    Volute

   Vo*lute" (?), n. [F. volute (cf. It. voluta), L. voluta, from volvere,
   volutum, to roll. See Voluble.]

   1.  (Arch.) A spiral scroll which forms the chief feature of the Ionic
   capital,  and  which,  on  a  much  smaller scale, is a feature in the
   Corinthian and Composite capitals. See Illust. of Capital, also Helix,
   and Stale.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A spiral turn, as in certain shells.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) Any voluta.
   Volute  spiring,  a spring formed of a spiral scroll of plate, rod, or
   wire, extended or extensible in the direction of the axis of the coil,
   in which direction its elastic force is exerted and employed.

                                    Voluted

   Vo*lut"ed, a. Having a volute, or spiral scroll.

                                   Volution

   Vo*lu"tion (?), n. [Cf. LL. volutio an arch, vault.]

   1. A spiral turn or wreath.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A whorl of a spiral shell.

                                     Volva

   Vol"va  (?), n. [L. volva, vulva, covering.] (Bot.) A saclike envelope
   of certain fungi, which bursts open as the plant develops.

                                    Volvox

   Vol"vox  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  genus  of  minute, pale-green, globular,
   organisms,  about  one  fiftieth of an inch in diameter, found rolling
   through water, the motion being produced by minute colorless cilia. It
   has  been  considered as belonging to the flagellate Infusoria, but is
   now  referred to the vegetable kingdom, and each globule is considered
   a  colony  of  many  individuals.  The  commonest  species  is  Volvox
   globator, often called globe animalcule.

                                   Volvulus

   Vol"vu*lus  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  L.  volvere to turn about, to roll.]
   (Med.)  (a)  The  spasmodic contraction of the intestines which causes
   colic.  (b)  Any  twisting  or  displacement of the intestines causing
   obstruction; ileus. See Ileus.

                                    Volyer

   Vol"yer (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A lurcher. [Prov. Eng.]

                                     Vomer

   Vo"mer (?), n. [L., a plowshare.] (Anat.) (a) A bone, or one of a pair
   of  bones,  beneath  the ethmoid region of the skull, forming a part a
   part  of  the partition between the nostrils in man and other mammals.
   (b) The pygostyle.

                                   Vomerine

   Vo"mer*ine (?), a. Of or pertaining to the vomer.

                                    Vomica

   Vom"i*ca  (?),  n.  [L., fr. vomere to throw up, vomit.] (Med.) (a) An
   abscess   cavity   in   the   lungs.  (b)  An  abscess  in  any  other
   parenchymatous organ.

                                   Vomicine

   Vom"i*cine (?), n. [From nux vomica.] (Chem.) See Brucine.

                                   Vomic nut

   Vom"ic nut` (?). [Cf. F. noix vomique.] Same as Nux vomica.

                                     Vomit

   Vom"it  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Vomited; p. pr. & vb. n. Vomiting.]
   [Cf.  L.  vomere,  vomitum,  and  v. freq. vomitare. See Vomit, n.] To
   eject the contents of the stomach by the mouth; to puke; to spew.

                                     Vomit

   Vom"it, v. t.

   1.  To  throw  up;  to  eject  from  the stomach through the mouth; to
   disgorge; to puke; to spew out; -- often followed by up or out.

     The fish . . . vomited out Jonah upon the dry land. Jonah ii. 10.

   2.  Hence, to eject from any hollow place; to belch forth; to emit; to
   throw forth; as, volcanoes vomit flame, stones, etc.

     Like the sons of Vulcan, vomit smoke. Milton.

                                     Vomit

   Vom"it,  n.  [L.  vomitus, from vomere, vomitum, to vomit; akin to Gr.
   vam, Lith. vemiti. Cf. Emetic, Vomito.]

   1.  Matter  that  is  vomited;  esp.,  matter ejected from the stomach
   through the mouth.

     Like vomit from his yawning entrails poured. Sandys.

   2. (Med.) That which excites vomiting; an emetic.

     He gives your Hollander a vomit. Shak.

   Black vomit. (Med.) See in the Vocabulary. -- Vomit nut, nux vomica.

                                   Vomiting

   Vom"it*ing,  n.  The  spasmodic  ejection  of  matter from the stomach
   through the mouth.

                                   Vomition

   Vo*mi"tion (?), n. [L. vomitio.] The act or power of vomiting. Grew.

                                   Vomitive

   Vom"i*tive  (?),  a.  [Cf. F. vomitif.] Causing the ejection of matter
   from the stomach; emetic.

                                    Vomito

   Vo*mi"to (?), n. [Sp. v\'a2mito, fr. L. vomitus. See Vomit, n.] (Med.)
   The  yellow  fever in its worst form, when it is usually attended with
   black vomit. See Black vomit.

                                   Vomitory

   Vom"i*to*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  vomitorious.]  Causing  vomiting;  emetic;
   vomitive.

                                   Vomitory

   Vom"i*to*ry, n.; pl. Vomitories (.

   1. An emetic; a vomit. Harvey.

   2.  [L.  vomitorium.]  (Arch.)  A  principal  door  of a large ancient
   building, as of an amphitheater.

     Sixty-four  vomitories  .  .  . poured forth the immense multitude.
     Gibbon.

                                 Vomiturition

   Vom`i*tu*ri"tion   (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  vomiturition.]  (Med.)  (a)  An
   ineffectual  attempt  to vomit. (b) The vomiting of but little matter;
   also, that vomiting which is effected with little effort. Dunglison.

                                   Vondsira

   Vond*si"ra (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Vansire.

                                    Voodoo

   Voo"doo (?), n.

   1. See Voodooism.

   2. One who practices voodooism; a negro sorcerer.

                                    Voodoo

   Voo"doo,  a.  Of  or  pertaining to voodooism, or a voodoo; as, voodoo
   incantations.

                                   Voodooism

   Voo"doo*ism  (?),  n. [Probably (through Creole French vaudoux a negro
   sorcerer)  fr.  F.  Vaudois  Waldensian,  because  the  Waldenses were
   accused of sorcery.] A degraded form of superstition and sorcery, said
   to  include  human sacrifices and cannibalism in some of its rites. It
   is  prevalent  among  the  negroes of Hayti, and to some extent in the
   United States, and is regarded as a relic of African barbarism.

                                   Voracious

   Vo*ra"cious  (?),  a.  [L. vorax, -acis, fr. vorare to devour; akin to
   Gr.  gar.  Cf. Devour.] Greedy in eating; very hungry; eager to devour
   or swallow; ravenous; gluttonous; edacious; rapacious; as, a voracious
   man   or   appetite;  a  voracious  gulf  or  whirlpool.  Dampier.  --
   Vo*ra"cious*ly, adv. -- Vo*ra"cious*ness, n.

                                   Voracity

   Vo*rac"i*ty (?), n. [L. voracitas: cf. F. voracit\'82.] The quality of
   being voracious; voraciousness.

                                  Voraginous

   Vo*rag"i*nous (?), a. [L. voraginosus, fr. vorago an abyss, fr. vorare
   to swallow up.] Pertaining to a gulf; full of gulfs; hence, devouring.
   [R.] Mallet.

                                    Vortex

   Vor"tex  (?),  n.;  pl.  E. Vortexes (#), L. Vortices (#). [L. vortex,
   vertex, -icis, fr. vortere, vertere, to turn. See Vertex.]

   1.  A  mass  of  fluid,  especially  of a liquid, having a whirling or
   circular  motion  tending  to form a cavity or vacuum in the center of
   the  circle,  and  to draw in towards the center bodies subject to its
   action;  the  form  assumed by a fluid in such motion; a whirlpool; an
   eddy.

   2.  (Cartesian  System)  A  supposed  collection  of particles of very
   subtile  matter,  endowed  with  a  rapid rotary motion around an axis
   which  was  also the axis of a sun or a planet. Descartes attempted to
   account  for  the  formation of the universe, and the movements of the
   bodies composing it, by a theory of vortices.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  numerous  species  of  small Turbellaria
   belonging to Vortex and allied genera. See Illustration in Appendix.
   Vortex  atom  (Chem.),  a  hypothetical ring-shaped mass of elementary
   matter  in  continuous vortical motion. It is conveniently regarded in
   certain mathematical speculations as the typical form and structure of
   the chemical atom. -- Vortex wheel, a kind of turbine.

                                   Vortical

   Vor"ti*cal  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  vortex  or  vortexes;
   resembling  a  vortex  in  form  or  motion;  whirling; as, a vortical
   motion. -- Vor"ti*cal*ly, adv.

                                   Vorticel

   Vor"ti*cel  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  vorticelle.  See Vortex.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   vorticella.

                                  Vorticella

   Vor`ti*cel"la (?), n.; pl. E. Vorticellas (, L. Vorticell\'91 (. [NL.,
   dim.  fr.  L.  vortex.  See  Vortex.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of numerous
   species  of  ciliated Infusoria belonging to Vorticella and many other
   genera  of  the  family  Vorticellid\'91.  They  have  a  more or less
   bell-shaped  body  with  a  circle  of vibrating cilia around the oral
   disk.  Most  of  the  species  have slender, contractile stems, either
   simple or branched.

                                   Vorticose

   Vor"ti*cose`  (?),  a.  [L.  vorticosus.]  Vortical;  whirling;  as, a
   vorticose motion.

                                  Vortiginous

   Vor*tig"i*nous  (?),  a.  [Cf.  Vertiginous.]  Moving  rapidly round a
   center; vortical. [R.] Cowper.

                                   Votaress

   Vo"ta*ress (?), n. [See Votary, n.] A woman who is a votary. Shak.

                                   Votarist

   Vo"ta*rist (?), n. [See Votary.] A votary.

     Like a sad votarist in palmer's weed. Milton.

                                    Votary

   Vo"ta*ry  (?),  a. [From L. votus, p. p. vovere to vow, to devote. See
   Vote,  Vow.]  Consecrated  by  a  vow or promise; consequent on a vow;
   devoted; promised.

     Votary resolution is made equipollent to custom. Bacon.

                                    Votary

   Vo"ta*ry,  n.; pl. Votaries (. One devoted, consecrated, or engaged by
   a  vow or promise; hence, especially, one devoted, given, or addicted,
   to some particular service, worship, study, or state of life. "You are
   already love's firm votary." Shak.

     'T  was  coldness of the votary, not the prayer, that was in fault.
     Bp. Fell.

     But thou, my votary, weepest thou? Emerson.

                                     Vote

   Vote  (?),  n. [L. votum a vow, wish, will, fr. vovere, votum, to vow:
   cf. F. vote. See Vow.]

   1. An ardent wish or desire; a vow; a prayer. [Obs.] Massinger.

   2.  A  wish,  choice,  or  opinion,  of a person or a body of persons,
   expressed  in  some  received  and authorized way; the expression of a
   wish,  desire,  will,  preference, or choice, in regard to any measure
   proposed,  in  which  the person voting has an interest in common with
   others,  either  in  electing  a person to office, or in passing laws,
   rules, regulations, etc.; suffrage.

   3.  That  by  means  of  which  will  or  preference  is  expressed in
   elections, or in deciding propositions; voice; a ballot; a ticket; as,
   a written vote.

     The  freeman casting with unpurchased hand The vote that shakes the
     turrets of the land. Holmes.

   4.  Expression  of  judgment  or will by a majority; legal decision by
   some  expression of the minds of a number; as, the vote was unanimous;
   a vote of confidence.

   5. Votes, collectively; as, the Tory vote; the labor vote.
   Casting  vote,  Cumulative  vote,  etc. See under Casting, Cumulative,
   etc.

                                     Vote

   Vote  (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Voted; p. pr. & vb. n. Voting.] [Cf. F.
   voter.]  To  express  or signify the mind, will, or preference, either
   viva  voce, or by ballot, or by other authorized means, as in electing
   persons  to office, in passing laws, regulations, etc., or in deciding
   on any proposition in which one has an interest with others.

     The  vote for a duelist is to assist in the prostration of justice,
     and, indirectly, to encourage the crime. L. Beecher.

     To  vote  on  large  principles, to vote honestly, requires a great
     amount of information. F. W. Robertson.

                                     Vote

   Vote, v. t.

   1. To choose by suffrage; to elecas, to vote a candidate into office.

   2.  To enact, establish, grant, determine, etc., by a formal vote; as,
   the legislature voted the resolution.

     Parliament voted them one hundred thousand pounds. Swift.

   3.  To  declare by general opinion or common consent, as if by a vote;
   as, he was voted a bore. [Colloq.]

   4. To condemn; to devote; to doom. [Obs.] Glanvill.

                                     Voter

   Vot"er  (?),  n.  One who votes; one who has a legal right to vote, or
   give  his  suffrage;  an elector; a suffragist; as, as, an independent
   voter.

                                    Voting

   Vot"ing,  a.  &  n.  from  Vote,  v.  Voting  paper,  a form of ballot
   containing  the  names of more candidates than there are offices to be
   filled, the voter making a mark against the preferred names. [Eng.]

                                    Votist

   Vot"ist, n. One who makes a vow. [Obs.] Chapman.

                                    Votive

   Vo"tive  (?), a. [L. votivus, fr. votum a vow: cf. F. votif. See Vow.]
   Given  by  vow,  or  in  fulfillment  of  a vow; consecrated by a vow;
   devoted;  as,  votive  offerings;  a  votive tablet. "Votive incense."
   Keble.

     We  reached  a  votive  stone, that bears the name Of Aloys Reding.
     Wordsworth.

     Embellishments of flowers and votive garlands. Motley.

   Votive  medal,  a  medal  struck  in  grateful  commemoration  of some
   auspicious  event. -- Votive offering, an offering in fulfillment of a
   religious  vow, as of one's person or property. -- Vo"tive*ly, adv. --
   Vo"tive*ness, n.

                                    Votress

   Vo"tress (?), n. A votaress. Dryden.

                                     Vouch

   Vouch (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vouched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Vouching.]
   [OE.  vouchen,  OF.  vochier  to call, fr. L. vocare to call, fr. vox,
   vocis, voice. See Voice, and cf. Avouch.]

   1. To call; to summon. [Obs.]

     [They]  vouch  (as  I  might say) to their aid the authority of the
     writers. Sir T. Elyot.

   2. To call upon to witness; to obtest.

     Vouch the silent stars and conscious moon. Dryden.

   3.  To  warrant; to maintain by affirmations; to attest; to affirm; to
   avouch.

     They  made  him  ashamed  to  vouch  the truth of the relation, and
     afterwards to credit it. Atterbury.

   4. To back; to support; to confirm; to establish.

     Me  damp  horror  chilled At such bold words vouched with a deed so
     bold. Milton.

   5.  (Law)  To call into court to warrant and defend, or to make good a
   warranty of title.

     He vouches the tenant in tail, who vouches over the common vouchee.
     Blackstone.

   Syn.   --  To  obtest;  declare;  affirm;  attest;  warrant;  confirm;
   asseverate; aver; protest; assure.

                                     Vouch

   Vouch, v. i.

   1. To bear witness; to give testimony or full attestation.

     He  will  not  believe her until the elector of Hanover shall vouch
     for the truth of what she has . . . affirmed. Swift.

   2. To assert; to aver; to declare. Shak.

                                     Vouch

   Vouch, n. Warrant; attestation. [Obs.]

     The vouch of very malice itself. Shak.

                                    Vouchee

   Vouch*ee"  (?),  n.  (Law)  The  person who is vouched, or called into
   court  to support or make good his warranty of title in the process of
   common recovery. Blackstone.

                                    Voucher

   Vouch"er (?), n.

   1. One who vouches, or gives witness or full attestation, to anything.

     Will his vouchers vouch him no more? Shak.

     The great writers of that age stand up together as vouchers for one
     another's reputation. Spectator.

   2.  A  book,  paper,  or  document  which serves to vouch the truth of
   accounts,  or  to  confirm  and establish facts of any kind; also, any
   acquittance  or  receipt  showing  the  payment  of  a  debt;  as, the
   merchant's books are his vouchers for the correctness of his accounts;
   notes,  bonds,  receipts,  and other writings, are used as vouchers in
   proving facts.

   3.  (Law) (a) The act of calling in a person to make good his warranty
   of  title in the old form of action for the recovery of lands. (b) The
   tenant  in  a writ of right; one who calls in another to establish his
   warranty of title. In common recoveries, there may be a single voucher
   or  double  vouchers.  Blackstone.  <--  4.  a document attesting to a
   credit   against   certain   defined   expenditures;   often  used  in
   pre-arranged  travel  plans, to provide evidence of pre-payment of the
   cost of lodging, transportation, or meals -->

                                   Vouchment

   Vouch"ment (?), n. A solemn assertion. [R.]

                                   Vouch/or

   Vouch/or (?), n. (Law) Same as Voucher, 3 (b).

                                   Vouchsafe

   Vouch*safe"  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vouchsafed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vouchsafing.] [Vouch + safe, that is, to vouch or answer for safety.]

   1. To condescend to grant; to concede; to bestow.

     If ye vouchsafe that it be so. Chaucer.

     Shall I vouchsafe your worship a word or two? Shak.

     It  is  not said by the apostle that God vouchsafed to the heathens
     the means of salvation. South.

   2. To receive or accept in condescension. [Obs.] Shak.

                                   Vouchsafe

   Vouch*safe",  v.  i.  To condescend; to deign; to yield; to descend or
   stoop. Chaucer.

     Vouchsafe,  O  Lord,  to  keep us this day without sin. Bk. of Com.
     Prayer.

     Vouchsafe,  illustrious  Ormond, to behold What power the charms of
     beauty had of old. Dryden.

                                 Vouchsafement

   Vouch*safe"ment  (?),  n.  The  act  of  vouchsafing, or that which is
   vouchsafed; a gift or grant in condescension. Glanvill.

                                   Voussoir

   Vous`soir"  (?),  n.  [F., akin to vo\'96te an arch, a vault.] (Arch.)
   One of the wedgelike stones of which an arch is composed.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1620

                                      Vow

   Vow  (?), n. [OE. vou, OF. vou, veu, vo, vu, F. v, from L. votum, from
   vovere, to vow. Cf. Avow, Devout, Vote.]

   1. A solemn promise made to God, or to some deity; an act by which one
   consecrates or devotes himself, absolutely or conditionally, wholly or
   in  part,  for  a  longer  or  shorter  time, to some act, service, or
   condition; a devotion of one's possessions; as, a baptismal vow; a vow
   of  poverty.  "Nothing . . . that may . . . stain my vow of Nazarite."
   Milton.

     I pray thee, let me go and pay my vow. 2 Sam. xv. 7.

     I am combined by a sacred vow. Shak.

   2. Specifically, a promise of fidelity; a pledge of love or affection;
   as, the marriage vow.

     Knights  of love, who never broke their vow; Firm to their plighted
     faith. Dryden.

                                      Vow

   Vow  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vowed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Vowing.] [OE.
   vouen, OF. vouer, voer, F. vouer, LL. votare. See Vow, n.]

   1.  To  give,  consecrate,  or dedicate to God, or to some deity, by a
   solemn  promise;  to  devote; to promise solemnly. "When thou vowest a
   vow unto God, defer not to pay it." Eccl. v. 4.

     [Men] that vow a long and weary pilgrimage. Shak.

   2. To assert solemnly; to asseverate.

                                      Vow

   Vow, v. i. To make a vow, or solemn promise.

     Better  is it that thou shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest
     vow and not pay. Eccl. v. 5.

                                     Vowel

   Vow"el  (?), n. [F. voyelle, or an OF. form without y, L. vocalis (sc.
   littera),  from vocalis sounding, from vox, vocis, a voice, sound. See
   Vocal.]  (Phon.)  A vocal, or sometimes a whispered, sound modified by
   resonance  in  the  oral  passage, the peculiar resonance in each case
   giving to each several vowel its distinctive character or quality as a
   sound of speech; -- distinguished from a consonant in that the latter,
   whether  made with or without vocality, derives its character in every
   case from some kind of obstructive action by the mouth organs. Also, a
   letter  or  character  which  represents  such  a  sound. See Guide to
   Pronunciation,  5, 146-149.

     NOTE: &hand; In  the English language, the written vowels are a, e,
     i,  o,  u,  and  sometimes w and y. The spoken vowels are much more
     numerous.

   Close vowel. See under Close, a. -- Vowel point. See under Point, n.

                                     Vowel

   Vow"el, a. Of or pertaining to a vowel; vocal.

                                    Voweled

   Vow"eled  (?),  a.  Furnished  with  vowels.  [Written also vowelled.]
   Dryden.

                                   Vowelish

   Vow"el*ish (?), a. Of the nature of a vowel. [R.] "The power [of w] is
   always vowelish." B. Jonson.

                                   Vowelism

   Vow"el*ism (?), n. The use of vowels. [R.]

                                   Vowelize

   Vow"el*ize (?), v. t. To give the quality, sound, or office of a vowel
   to.

                                     Vower

   Vow"er (?), n. One who makes a vow. Bale.

                                  Vow-fellow

   Vow"-fel`low (?), n. One bound by the same vow as another. [R.] Shak.

                                      Vox

   Vox  (?),  n.  [L. See Voice.] A voice. Vox humana ( [L., human voice]
   (Mus.), a reed stop in an organ, made to imitate the human voice.

                                    Voyage

   Voy"age  (?;  48),  n.  [OE.  veage,  viage, OF. veage, viage, veiage,
   voiage,  F.  voyage,  LL.  viaticum,  fr. L. viaticum traveling money,
   provision for a journey, from viaticus belonging to a road or journey,
   fr.  via  way,  akin  to E. way. See Way, n., and cf. Convey, Deviate,
   Devious, Envoy, Trivial, Viaduct, Viaticum.]

   1.  Formerly,  a passage either by sea or land; a journey, in general;
   but  not  chiefly limited to a passing by sea or water from one place,
   port,  or  country,  to  another;  especially, a passing or journey by
   water to a distant place or country.

     I love a sea voyage and a blustering tempest. J. Fletcher.

     So  steers  the  prudent  crane  Her annual voyage, borne on winds.
     Milton.

     All  the voyage of their life Is bound in shallows and in miseries.
     Shak.

   2. The act or practice of traveling. [Obs.]

     Nations  have  interknowledge of one another by voyage into foreign
     parts, or strangers that come to them. Bacon.

   3. Course; way. [Obs.] Shak.

                                    Voyage

   Voy"age,  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Voyaged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Voyaging
   (?).]  [Cf. F. voyager.] To take a voyage; especially, to sail or pass
   by water.

     A  mind  forever  Voyaging  through  strange seas of thought alone.
     Wordsworth.

                                    Voyage

   Voy"age, v. t. To travel; to pass over; to traverse.

     With  what  pain  [I]  voyaged  the  unreal,  vast, unbounded deep.
     Milton.

                                  Voyageable

   Voy"age*a*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. voyageable.] That may be sailed over, as
   water or air; navigable.

                                    Voyager

   Voy"a*ger (?), n. [Cf. F. voyager traveling.] One who voyages; one who
   sails or passes by sea or water.

                                   Voyageur

   Voy`a`geur"  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  voyager  to  travel.  See Voyage.] A
   traveler;  -- applied in Canada to a man employed by the fur companies
   in  transporting  goods by the rivers and across the land, to and from
   the remote stations in the Northwest.

                                     Voyol

   Voy"ol  (?), n. (Naut.) (a) See Viol, 2. (b) The block through which a
   messenger passes. [Written also viol, and voyal.]

                                 Vraisemblance

   Vrai`sem`blance" (?), n. [F.] The appearance of truth; verisimilitude.

                                  Vugg, Vugh

   Vugg, Vugh (?), n. (Mining) A cavity in a lode; -- called also vogle.

                                    Vulcan

   Vul"can  (?), n. [L. Vulcanus, Volcanus: cf. Skr. ulk\'be a firebrand,
   meteor.  Cf. Volcano.] (Rom. Myth.) The god of fire, who presided over
   the working of metals; -- answering to the Greek Heph\'91stus.

                                   Vulcanian

   Vul*ca"ni*an (?), a. [L. Vulcanius.]

   1. Of or pertaining to Vulcan; made by Vulcan; hence, of or pertaining
   to works in iron or other metals.

     Ingenious allusions to the Vulcanian panoply which Achilles lent to
     his feebler friend. Macaulay.

   2. (Geol.) Volcanic.

                                   Vulcanic

   Vul*can"ic (?), a.

   1. Of or pertaining to Vulcan; made by Vulcan; Vulcanian.

   2.  Of  or  pertaining  to  volcanoes;  specifically,  relating to the
   geological theory of the Vulcanists, or Plutonists.

                                  Vulcanicity

   Vul`can*ic"i*ty (?), n. Volcanicity.

                                   Vulcanism

   Vul"can*ism (?), n. Volcanism.

                                   Vulcanist

   Vul"can*ist, n. A volcanist.

                                   Vulcanite

   Vul"can*ite  (?),  n. Hard rubber produced by vulcanizing with a large
   proportion of sulphur.

                                 Vulcanization

   Vul`can*i*za"tion  (?),  n.  [See  Vulcan.]  The  act  or  process  of
   imparting   to   caoutchouc,   gutta-percha,   or  the  like,  greater
   elasticity,  durability,  or  hardness  by  heating with sulphur under
   pressure.

                                   Vulcanize

   Vul"can*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vulcanized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Vulcanizing (?).] To change the properties of, as caoutchouc, or India
   rubber,  by  the  process  of  vulcanization. Vulcanized fiber, paper,
   paper  pulp,  or  other  fiber,  chemically  treated, as with metallic
   chlorides,  so  as  to form a substance resembling ebonite in texture,
   hardness, etc. Knight. -- Vulcanized rubber, India rubber, vulcanized.

                                  Vulcanizer

   Vul"can*i`zer  (?),  n.  One  who, or that which, vulcanizes; esp., an
   apparatus for vulcanizing caoutchouc.

                                    Vulcano

   Vul*ca"no (?), n. A volcano. [Obs.]

                                  Vulcanology

   Vul`can*ol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [See  Vulcan, and -logy.] The science which
   treats  of  phenomena  due  to  plutonic  action, as in volcanoes, hot
   springs, etc. [R.]

                                    Vulgar

   Vul"gar  (?),  a.  [L. vulgaris, from vulgus the multitude, the common
   people; of uncertain origin: cf. F. vulgaire. Cf. Divulge.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the mass, or multitude, of people; common;
   general;  ordinary;  public;  hence,  in  general use; vernacular. "As
   common as any the most vulgar thing to sense. " Shak.

     Things vulgar, and well-weighed, scarce worth the praise. Milton.

     It might be more useful to the English reader . . . to write in our
     vulgar language. Bp. Fell.

     The  mechanical  process  of  multiplying books had brought the New
     Testament  in  the  vulgar  tongue within the reach of every class.
     Bancroft.

   2.  Belonging  or relating to the common people, as distinguished from
   the  cultivated  or educated; pertaining to common life; plebeian; not
   select  or  distinguished;  hence,  sometimes,  of little or no value.
   "Like the vulgar sort of market men." Shak.

     Men who have passed all their time in low and vulgar life. Addison.

     In  reading  an  account  of  a battle, we follow the hero with our
     whole  attention,  but  seldom  reflect  on  the  vulgar  heaps  of
     slaughter. Rambler.

   3.  Hence,  lacking  cultivation or refinement; rustic; boorish; also,
   offensive  to good taste or refined feelings; low; coarse; mean; base;
   as, vulgar men, minds, language, or manners.

     Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar. Shak.

   Vulgar fraction. (Arith.) See under Fraction.

                                    Vulgar

   Vul"gar, n. [Cf. F. vulgaire.]

   1. One of the common people; a vulgar person. [Obs.]

     These vile vulgars are extremely proud. Chapman.

   2. The vernacular, or common language. [Obs.]

                                   Vulgarian

   Vul*ga"ri*an  (?),  n. A vulgar person; one who has vulgar ideas. Used
   also adjectively.

                                   Vulgarism

   Vul"gar*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. vulgarisme.]

   1. Grossness; rudeness; vulgarity.

   2. A vulgar phrase or expression.

     A  fastidious taste will find offense in the occasional vulgarisms,
     or what we now call "slang," which not a few of our writers seem to
     have affected. Coleridge.

                                   Vulgarity

   Vul*gar"i*ty   (?),   n.  [Cf.  F.  vulgarit\'82,  L.  vulgaritas  the
   multitude.]

   1.  The  quality or state of being vulgar; mean condition of life; the
   state of the lower classes of society. Sir T. Browne.

   2.  Grossness  or  clownishness  of  manners  of  language; absence of
   refinement; coarseness.

     The  reprobate vulgarity of the frequenters of Bartholomew Fair. B.
     Jonson.

                                 Vulgarization

   Vul`gar*i*za"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  or process of making vulgar, or
   common.

                                   Vulgarize

   Vul"gar*ize (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Vulgarized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Vulgarizing  (?).]  [Cf.  F. vulgariser, LL. vulgarizare.] To make
   vulgar, or common.

     Exhortation vulgarized by low wit. V. Knox.

                                   Vulgarly

   Vul"gar*ly, adv. In a vulgar manner.

                                  Vulgarness

   Vul"gar*ness, n. The quality of being vulgar.

                                    Vulgate

   Vul"gate  (?),  n. [NL. vulgata, from L. vulgatus usual, common, p. p.
   of  vulgare  to make general, or common, fr. vulgus the multitude: cf.
   F. vulgate. See Vulgar, a.] An ancient Latin version of the Scripture,
   and the only version which the Roman Church admits to be authentic; --
   so called from its common use in the Latin Church.

     NOTE: &hand; The Vulgate was made by Jerome at the close of the 4th
     century. The Old Testament he translated mostly from the Hebrew and
     Chaldaic,  and  the  New  Testament  he revised from an older Latin
     version.  The  Douay  version, so called, is an English translation
     from the Vulgate. See Douay Bible.

                                    Vulgate

   Vul"gate  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to the Vulgate, or the old Latin
   version of the Scriptures.

                                 Vulnerability

   Vul`ner*a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. The quality or state of being vulnerable;
   vulnerableness.

                                  Vulnerable

   Vul"ner*a*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  vulnerabilis  wounding,  injurious, from
   vulnerare  to  wound,  vulnus  a  wound;  akin  to  Skr.  vra:  cf. F.
   vuln\'82rable.]

   1.  Capable  of  being  wounded;  susceptible  of  wounds  or external
   injuries; as, a vulnerable body.

     Achilles  was  vulnerable  in his heel; and there will be wanting a
     Paris to infix the dart. Dr. T. Dwight.

   2.  Liable  to injury; subject to be affected injuriously; assailable;
   as, a vulnerable reputation.

     His  skill  in finding out the vulnerable parts of strong minds was
     consummate. Macaulay.

                                Vulnerableness

   Vul"ner*a*ble*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being vulnerable;
   vulnerability.

                                   Vulnerary

   Vul"ner*a*ry  (?), a. [L. vulnearius: cf. F. vuln\'82raire.] Useful in
   healing  wounds;  adapted  to  the  cure  of  external  injuries;  as,
   vulnerary  plants or potions. "Such vulnerary remedies." Sir W. Scott.
   -- n. [Cf. F. vuln\'82raire.] (Med.) A vulnerary remedy.

                                   Vulnerate

   Vul"ner*ate  (?),  v. t. [L. vulneratus, p. p. of vulnerare to wound.]
   To wound; to hurt. [Obs.]

                                  Vulneration

   Vul`ner*a"tion  (?),  n.  [L. vulneratio.] The act of wounding, or the
   state of being wounded. [Obs.]

                                   Vulnerose

   Vul"ner*ose` (?), a. Full of wounds; wounded.

                             Vulnific, Vulnifical

   Vul*nif"ic (?), Vul*nif"ic*al (?), a. [L. vulnificus; vulnus a wound +
   facere to make.] Causing wounds; inflicting wounds; wounding.

                                    Vulnose

   Vul*nose" (?), a. Having wounds; vulnerose. [R.]

                                    Vulpes

   Vul"pes (?), n. [L., a fox.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of Carnivora including
   the foxes.

                                    Vulpic

   Vul"pic  (?),  a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or designating,
   an  acid  obtained from a lichen (Cetraria vulpina) as a yellow or red
   crystalline substance which on decomposition yields pulvinic acid.

                                   Vulpicide

   Vul"pi*cide (?), n. [L. vulpes a fox + caedere to kill.] One who kills
   a  fox, except in hunting; also, the act of so killing a fox. [Written
   also vulpecide.]

                                    Vulpine

   Vul"pine  (?;  277),  a.  [L.  vulpinus,  from  vulpes  a  fox.] Of or
   pertaining  to  the  fox;  resembling  the fox; foxy; cunning; crafty;
   artful.  Vulpine  phalangist  (Zo\'94l.),  an  Australian  carnivorous
   marsupial  (Phalangista,  OR  Trichosurus,  vulpina);  --  called also
   vulpine phalanger, and vulpine opossum.

                                   Vulpinic

   Vul*pin"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Same as Vulpic.

                                   Vulpinism

   Vul"pin*ism  (?), n. The quality of being cunning like the fox; craft;
   artfulness. [R.]

     He was without guile, and had no vulpinism at all. Carlyle.

                                   Vulpinite

   Vul"pi*nite  (?),  n.  [So  called  after Vulpino, in Italy.] (Min.) A
   scaly granular variety of anhydrite of a grayish white color, used for
   ornamental purposes.

                                    Vultern

   Vul"tern  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) The brush turkey (Talegallus Lathami) of
   Australia. See Brush turkey.

                                    Vulture

   Vul"ture  (?;  135),  n.  [OE.  vultur, L. vultur: cf. OF. voltour, F.
   vautour.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one of numerous species of rapacious birds
   belonging  to  Vultur, Cathartes, Catharista, and various other genera
   of the family Vulturid\'91.

     NOTE: &hand; In  most of the species the head and neck are naked or
     nearly  so. They feed chiefly on carrion. The condor, king vulture,
     turkey  buzzard,  and  black  vulture  (Catharista atrata) are well
     known  American  species.  The  griffin,  lammergeir, and Pharaoh's
     chicken, or Egyptian vulture, are common Old World vultures.

                                   Vulturine

   Vul"tur*ine  (?;  277),  a.  [L.  vulturinus.]  Of  or pertaining to a
   vulture; resembling a vulture in qualities or looks; as, the vulturine
   sea eagle (Gypohierax Angolensis); vulturine rapacity.

     The  vulturine  nose,  which  smells  nothing but corruption, is no
     credit to its possessor. C. Kingsley.

                                   Vulturish

   Vul"tur*ish, a. Vulturous.

                                   Vulturism

   Vul"tur*ism  (?),  n.  The  quality  or state of being like a vulture;
   rapaciousness.

                                   Vulturous

   Vul"tur*ous (?), a. Like a vulture; rapacious.

                                     Vulva

   Vul"va (?), n. [L. vulva, volva, from volvere to roll.]

   1. (Anat.) The external parts of the female genital organs; sometimes,
   the opening between the projecting parts of the external organs.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  orifice  of  the  oviduct  of  an insect or other
   invertebrate.

                                   Vulviform

   Vul"vi*form  (?), a. [L. vulva, volva, a wrapper + -form.] (Bot.) Like
   a cleft with projecting edges.

                                   Vulvitis

   Vul*vi"tis  (?), n. [NL. See Vulva, and -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of
   the vulva.

                                 Vulvo-uterine

   Vul`vo-u"ter*ine  (?), a. (Anat.) Pertaining both to the vulva and the
   uterus.

                                 Vulvovaginal

   Vul`vo*vag"i*nal  (?), a. (Anat.) Pertaining both to the vulva and the
   vagina.

                                     Vyce

   Vyce  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Vise.]  (Coopering)  A kind of clamp with gimlet
   points  for  holding  a  barrel head while the staves are being closed
   around it. Knight.

                                     Vying

   Vy"ing (?), a. & n. from Vie. -- Vy"ing*ly, adv.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1621

   W.