Unabridged Dictionary - Letter U

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   U  (?),  the twenty-first letter of the English alphabet, is a cursive
   form of the letter V, with which it was formerly used interchangeably,
   both  letters  being  then used both as vowels and consonants. U and V
   are  now,  however,  differentiated,  U  being used only as a vowel or
   semivowel,  and V only as a consonant. The true primary vowel sound of
   U, in Anglo-Saxon, was the sound which it still retains in most of the
   languages  of Europe, that of long oo, as in tool, and short oo, as in
   wood,  answering  to  the  French ou in tour. Etymologically U is most
   closely  related  to  o,  y  (vowel), w, and v; as in two, duet, dyad,
   twice;  top, tuft; sop, sup; auspice, aviary. See V, also O and Y. See
   Guide to Pronunciation,  130-144.


   Ua*ka"ri (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Ouakari.


   U"ber*ous  (?),  a. [L. uber.] Fruitful; copious; abundant; plentiful.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Herbert.


   U"ber*ty  (?),  n. [L. ubertas.] Fruitfulness; copiousness; abundance;
   plenty. [Obs.] Florio.

                               Ubication, Ubiety

   U`bi*ca"tion (?), U*bi"e*ty (?), n. [NL. ubicatio, ubietas, fr. L. ubi
   where.]  The  quality  or  state  of being in a place; local relation;
   position or location; whereness. [R.] Glanvill.


   U`bi*qua"ri*an (?), a. Ubiquitous. [R.]

                           Ubiquitist, Ubiquitarian

   U"bi*qui*tist  (?),  U*biq`ui*ta"ri*an  (?), n. [L. ubique everywhere:
   cf.  F.  ubiquiste, ubiquitaire. See Ubiquity.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of a
   school  of  Lutheran  divines  which  held  that the body of Christ is
   present  everywhere, and especially in the eucharist, in virtue of his
   omnipresence. Called also ubiquitist, and ubiquitary.


   U*biq"ui*ta*ri*ness  (?),  n. Quality or state of being ubiquitary, or
   ubiquitous. [R.] Fuller.


   U*biq"ui*ta*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  ubique  everywhere.  See Ubiquitarian.]
   Ubiquitous. Howell.


   U*biq"ui*ta*ry, n.; pl. Ubiquitaries (.

   1. One who exists everywhere. B. Jonson.

   2. (Eccl. Hist.) A ubiquist. Bp. Hall.


   U*biq"ui*tist (?), n. Same as Ubiquist.


   U*biq"ui*tous (?), a. [See Ubiquity.] Existing or being everywhere, or
   in  all  places,  at  the same time; omnipresent. -- U*biq"ui*tous*ly,

     In this sense is he ubiquitous. R. D. Hitchcock.


   U*biq"ui*ty  (?), n. [L. ubique everywhere, fr. ubi where, perhaps for
   cubi,  quobi  (cf. alicubi anywhere), and if so akin to E. who: cf. F.

   1. Existence everywhere, or in places, at the same time; omnipresence;
   as,  the  ubiquity  of  God  is  not  disputed  by those who admit his

     The  arms of Rome . . . were impeded by . . . the wide spaces to be
     traversed and the ubiquity of the enemy. C. Merivale.

   2.  (Theol.)  The  doctrine,  as  formulated  by Luther, that Christ's
   glorified body is omnipresent.


   U"chees  (?),  n.  pl.  (Ethnol.)  A  tribe  of North American Indians
   belonging to the Creek confederation.


   Uck`e*wal"list   (?),  n.  (Eccl.  Hist.)  One  of  a  sect  of  rigid
   Anabaptists,   which   originated  in  1637,  and  whose  tenets  were
   essentially the same as those of the Mennonists. In addition, however,
   they held that Judas and the murderers of Christ were saved. So called
   from  the  founder  of  the  sect, Ucke Wallis, a native of Friesland.


   U"dal  (&umac;"dal),  n.  [Icel. &omac;&edh;al allodium, an hereditary
   estate; akin to Sw. odal allodial, Dan. odel.] In Shetland and Orkney,
   a freehold; property held by udal, or allodial, right.


   U"dal,  a.  Allodial; -- a term used in Finland, Shetland, and Orkney.
   See Allodial. Burrill.

                                Udaler, Udalman

   U"dal*er  (?),  U"dal*man  (?), n. In the Shetland and Orkney Islands,
   one who holds property by udal, or allodial, right. Sir W. Scott.


   Ud"der  (?),  n.  [OE. uddir, AS. \'d4der; akin to D. uijer, G. euter,
   OHG.  \'d4tar, \'d4tiro, Icel. j\'d4gr, Sw. jufver, jur, Dan. yver, L.
   uber, Gr. o"y^qar, Skr. \'d4dhar. \'fb216. Cf. Exuberant.]

   1.  (Anat.)  The glandular organ in which milk is secreted and stored;
   -- popularly called the bag in cows and other quadrupeds. See Mamma.

     A lioness, with udders all drawn dry. Shak.

   2. One of the breasts of a woman. [R.]

     Yon  Juno  of  majestic  size, With cowlike udders, and with oxlike
     eyes. Pope.


   Ud"dered (?), a. Having an udder or udders.


   Ud"der*less, a.

   1. Destitute or deprived of an udder.

   2.  Hence,  without  mother's  milk;  motherless; as, udderless lambs.
   [Poetic] Keats.


   U*dom"e*ter  (?),  n.  [L. udus wet, moist + -meter.] (Meteor.) A rain


   Ugh  (&oomac;),  interj. An exclamation expressive of disgust, horror,
   or recoil. Its utterance is usually accompanied by a shudder.


   Ug"le*some   (?),   a.   [Ugly.]   Ugly.   [Obs.]  "Such  an  uglesome
   countenance." Latimer.


   Ug"li*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [Ugly + -fy.] To disfigure; to make ugly. [R.]
   Mad. D'Arblay.


   Ug"li*ly, adv. In an ugly manner; with deformity.


   Ug"li*ness, n. The quality or state of being ugly.


   Ug"ly  (?),  a.  [Compar. Uglier (?); superl. Ugliest.] [Icel. uggligr
   fearful,  dreadful;  uggr fear (akin to ugga to fear) + -ligr (akin to
   E. -ly, like). Awe.]

   1.  Offensive  to the sight; contrary to beauty; being of disagreeable
   or loathsome aspect; unsightly; repulsive; deformed.

     The ugly view of his deformed crimes. Spenser.

     Like the toad, ugly and venomous. Shak.

     O,  I  have  passed  a  miserable night, So full of ugly sights, of
     ghastly dreams. Shak.

   2. Ill-natured; crossgrained; quarrelsome; as, an ugly temper; to feel
   ugly. [Colloq. U. S.]

   3.  Unpleasant;  disagreeable; likely to cause trouble or loss; as, an
   ugly rumor; an ugly customer. [Colloq.]


   Ug"ly  (?),  n.  A  shade  for  the  face, projecting from the bonnet.
   [Colloq. Eng.] C. Kingsley.


   Ug"ly, v. t. To make ugly. [R.] Richardson.


   U"gri*an  (?),  n.  pl.  (Ethnol.)  A Mongolian race, ancestors of the
   Finns. [Written also Uigrian.]


   Ug"some   (?),  a.  [Ugly.]  Ugly;  offensive;  loathsome.  [Obs.]  --
   Ug"some*ness, n. [Obs.] "The horror and ugsomeness of death." Latimer.


   Uh"lan  (?),  n.  [G.  uhlan,  Pol. ulan, hulan, from Turk. ogl\'ben a
   youth,  lad;  of  Tartar  origin.]  [Written  also  ulan, and formerly

   1. One of a certain description of militia among the Tartars.

   2.  (Mil.)  One  of  a kind of light cavalry of Tartaric origin, first
   introduced into European armies in Poland. They are armed with lances,
   pistols, and sabers, and are employed chiefly as skirmishers.


   U*in`ta*the"ri*um  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Uinta, the Indian name of the
   region  where  the  animals  were  discovered  +  Gr.  qhri`on beast.]
   (Paleon.)  An  extinct  genus  of  large  Eocene  ungulates  allied to
   Dinoceras.  This  name  is  sometimes  used  for  nearly all the known
   species of the group. See Dinoceras.


   U*kase"  (?),  n.  [F., fr. Russ. ukas'; pref. u- + kazate to show, to
   say.]  In  Russia,  a published proclamation or imperial order, having
   the force of law.


   U"lan (?), n. See Uhlan.


   U*lar"bu*rong (?), n. [From the native Malay name.] (Zo\'94l.) A large
   East  Indian  nocturnal  tree  snake  (Dipsas  dendrophila). It is not


   Ul"cer (?), n. [F. ulc\'8are, L. ulcus, gen. ulceris, akin to Gr.

   1.  (Med.)  A  solution  of continuity in any of the soft parts of the
   body,  discharging purulent matter, found on a surface, especially one
   of  the  natural  surfaces of the body, and originating generally in a
   constitutional  disorder;  a sore discharging pus. It is distinguished
   from  an  abscess,  which has its beginning, at least, in the depth of
   the tissues.

   2.  Fig.: Anything that festers and corrupts like an open sore; a vice
   in character.
   Cold  ulcer  (Med.),  an  ulcer  on  a finger or toe, due to deficient
   circulation and nutrition. In such cases the extremities are cold.


   Ul"cer, v. t. To ulcerate. [R.] Fuller.


   Ul"cer*a*ble (?), a. Capable of ulcerating.


   Ul"cer*ate  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Ulcerated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ulcerating.] [L. ulceratus, p. p. of ulcerare, fr. ulcus ulcer.] To be
   formed into an ulcer; to become ulcerous.


   Ul"cer*ate,  v.  t.  To  affect  with, or as with, an ulcer or ulcers.


   Ul"cer*a`ted  (?),  a.  Affected with, or as with, an ulcer or ulcers;
   as, an ulcerated sore throat.


   Ul`cer*a"tion (?), n. [L. ulceratio: cf. F. ulc\'82ration.] (Med.) The
   process  of  forming  an  ulcer, or of becoming ulcerous; the state of
   being ulcerated; also, an ulcer.


   Ul"cer*a*tive  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to ulcers; as, an ulcerative


   Ul"cered (?), a. Ulcerous; ulcerated.


   Ul"cer*ous (?), a. [L. ulcerous: cf. F. ulc\'82reux.]

   1. Having the nature or character of an ulcer; discharging purulent or
   other matter. R. Browning.

   2. Affected with an ulcer or ulcers; ulcerated.

     It will but skin and film the ulcerous place. Shak.

   -- Ul"cer*ous*ly, adv. -- Ul"cer*ous*ness, n.

                              Ulcuscle, Ulcuscule

   Ul"cus*cle (?), Ul*cus"cule (?), n. [L. ulcusculum, dim. of ulcus. See
   Ulcer.] A little ulcer. [R.]


   U"le  (?),  n.  [Sp.]  (Bot.)  A  Mexican  and  Central  American tree
   (Castilloa  elastica  and  C.  Markhamiana)  related to the breadfruit
   tree. Its milky juice contains caoutchouc. Called also ule tree.


   U*le"ma  (?),  n.  [Ar.  'ulem\'be  the  wise  or  learned men, pl. of
   '\'belim  wise,  learned, fr. alima to know.] A college or corporation
   in  Turkey  composed of the hierarchy, namely, the imams, or ministers
   of  religion,  the  muftis,  or  doctors  of  law,  and  the cadis, or
   administrators of justice.


   U"lex*ite (?), n. [After a German chemist.] (Min.) A mineral occurring
   in  white  rounded  crystalline masses. It is a hydrous borate of lime
   and soda.

                             Uliginose, Uliginous

   U*lig"i*nose`  (?),  U*lig"i*nous  (?),  a. [L. uliginosus, fr. uligo,
   -inis,  moisture,  fr.  uvere  to be moist.] Muddy; oozy; slimy; also,
   growing in muddy places. [R.] Woodward.


   Ul"lage  (?; 48), n. [OF. eullage, ovillage, the filling up of a cask,
   fr. ouillier, oillier, euillier, to fill a wine cask; properly, to add
   oil to prevent evaporation, as to a flask that is nearly full, fr. OF.
   oile  oil.  See  Oil.] (Com.) The amount which a vessel, as a cask, of
   liquor lacks of being full; wantage; deficiency.


   Ul"let (?), n. [Cf. OF. hullote, E. howlet.] (Zo\'94l.) A European owl
   (Syrnium aluco) of a tawny color; -- called also uluia.


   Ull"mann*ite  (?), n. [So named after J. C. Ullman, a German chemist.]
   (Min.)  A  brittle  mineral of a steel-gray color and metallic luster,
   containing antimony, arsenic, sulphur, and nickel.


   Ul*lu"co (?), n. (Bot.) See Melluc.


   Ul*ma"ceous  (?),  a.  [L. ulmus an elm.] (Bot.) Of or pertaining to a
   suborder of urticaceous plants, of which the elm is the type.


   Ul"mate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of ulmic acid.


   Ul"mic  (?),  a. [L. ulmus an elm: cf. F. ulmique.] (Chem.) Pertaining
   to ulmin; designating an acid obtained from ulmin.


   Ul"min  (?),  n.  [L.  ulmus  an  elm: cf. F. ulmine.] (Chem.) A brown
   amorphous substance found in decaying vegetation. Cf. Humin. [Formerly
   written ulmine.]


   Ul"mus  (?),  n.  [L.,  an elm.] (Bot.) A genus of trees including the


   Ul"na (?), n. [L., the elbow. See Ell.]

   1.   (Anat.)   The  postaxial  bone  of  the  forearm,  or  branchium,
   corresponding to the fibula of the hind limb. See Radius.

   2. (O. Eng. Law) An ell; also, a yard. Burrill.


   Ul"nage (?), n. [See Ulna, and cf. Alnage.] (Old Eng. Law) Measurement
   by the ell; alnage.


   Ul"nar (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the ulna, or the elbow; as,
   the ulnar nerve.


   Ul*na"re  (?), n.; pl. Ulnaria (#). [NL. See Ulna.] (Anat.) One of the
   bones or cartilages of the carpus, which articulates with the ulna and
   corresponds to the cuneiform in man.


   U`lo*den"dron (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) A genus of fossil trees.


   U`lo*na"ta  (?),  n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) A division of insects nearly
   equivalent to the true Orthoptera.


   U*lot"ri*chan  (?), a. (Anthropol.) Of or pertaining to the Ulotrichi.
   -- n. One of the Ulotrichi.


   U*lot"ri*chi  (?),  n.  pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Anthropol.) The division of
   mankind  which  embraces  the  races having woolly or crispy hair. Cf.


   U*lot"ri*chous  (?),  a. (Anthropol.) Having woolly or crispy hair; --
   opposed to leiotrichous.


   Ul"ster  (?),  n.  A  long,  loose  overcoat,  worn  by men and women,
   originally made of frieze from Ulster, Ireland.


   Ul*te"ri*or  (?),  a. [L., comp. of ultra, ultro, beyond, on the other
   side,  properly  cases  of an old adjective, formed with a comparative
   suffix,  which is akin to OL. uls beyond, L. olim formerly, hereafter,
   orig., at that time, ille that, OL. olle, ollus. Cf. Outrage.]

   1.  Situated  beyond,  or on the farther side; thither; -- correlative
   with hither.

   2. Further; remoter; more distant; succeeding; as, ulterior demands or
   propositions;  ulterior  views; what ulterior measures will be adopted
   is uncertain.
   Ulterior object OR aim, an object or aim beyond that which is avowed.


   Ul*te"ri*or, n. Ulterior side or part. [R.] Coleridge.


   Ul*te"ri*or*ly, adv. More distantly or remotely.


   Ul"ti*ma  (?),  a.  [L.,  fem.  ultimus  last.] Most remote; furthest;
   final;  last. Ultima ratio [L.], the last reason or argument; the last
   resort. -- Ultima Thule. [L.] See Thule.


   Ul"ti*ma,  n.  [L.,  fem.  of  ultimus last.] (Gram. & Pros.) The last
   syllable of a word.


   Ul"ti*mate  (?),  a.  [LL. ultimatus last, extreme, fr. L. ultimare to
   come  to an end, fr. ultimus the farthest, last, superl. from the same
   source as ulterior. See Ulterior, and cf. Ultimatum.]

   1. Farthest; most remote in space or time; extreme; last; final.

     My harbor, and my ultimate repose. Milton.

     Many  actions  apt  to  procure fame are not conductive to this our
     ultimate happiness. Addison.

   2.  Last  in  a train of progression or consequences; tended toward by
   all that precedes; arrived at, as the last result; final.

     Those  ultimate truths and those universal laws of thought which we
     can not rationally contradict. Coleridge.

   3.  Incapable  of  further  analysis; incapable of further division or
   separation;  constituent;  elemental;  as,  an ultimate constituent of
   Ultimate  analysis  (Chem.),  organic  analysis. See under Organic. --
   Ultimate  belief.  See  under  Belief.  -- Ultimate ratio (Math.), the
   limiting  value  of  a ratio, or that toward which a series tends, and
   which it does not pass. Syn. -- Final; conclusive. See Final.


   Ul"ti*mate  (?),  v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Ultimated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Ultimating.]

   1. To come or bring to an end; to eventuate; to end. [R.]

   2. To come or bring into use or practice. [R.]


   Ul"ti*mate*ly  (?),  adv. As a final consequence; at last; in the end;
   as,  afflictions  often tend to correct immoral habits, and ultimately
   prove blessings.


   Ul`ti*ma"tion (?), n. State of being ultimate; that which is ultimate,
   or final; ultimatum. [R.] Swift.


   Ul`ti*ma"tum (?), n.; pl. E. Ultimatums (#), L. Ultimata (#). [NL. See
   Ultimate.]  A final proposition, concession, or condition; especially,
   the final propositions, conditions, or terms, offered by either of the
   parties  in  a  diplomatic  negotiation;  the  most  favorable terms a
   negotiator  can  offer,  the rejection of which usually puts an end to
   the  hesitation.<-- a final demand, the rejection of which may lead to
   a  resort  to force or other compelling action by the party presenting
   the ultimatum. -->

   Page 1561


   Ul"time (?), a. Ultimate; final. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Ul*tim"i*ty  (?),  n.  [LL.  ultimatus  extremity,  fr. L. ultimus the
   last.] The last stage or consequence; finality. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Ul"ti*mo.  [L.  ultimo  (mense)  in  the  last  month.]  In  the month
   immediately  preceding  the present; as, on the 1st ultimo; -- usually
   abbreviated to ult. Cf. Proximo.


   Ul"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  ultio.]  The act of taking vengeance; revenge.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Ul"tra-  (?),  a. A prefix from the Latin ultra beyond (see Ulterior),
   having  in  composition  the  signification beyond, on the other side,
   chiefly  when  joined  with  words  expressing relations of place; as,
   ultramarine,  ultramontane, ultramundane, ultratropical, etc. In other
   relations it has the sense of excessively, exceedingly, beyond what is
   common,    natural,   right,   or   proper;   as,   ultraconservative;
   ultrademocratic, ultradespotic, ultraliberal, ultraradical, etc.


   Ul"tra,  a.  [See  Ultra-.]  Going beyond others, or beyond due limit;
   extreme;  fanatical;  uncompromising;  as,  an  ultra  reformer; ultra


   Ul"tra,  n.  One  who  advocates  extreme  measures;  an  ultraist; an
   extremist; a radical. Brougham.


   Ul"trage (?), n. Outrage. [Obs.]


   Ul"tra*ism  (?),  n. [Cf. F. ultra\'8bsme. See Ultra-.] The principles
   of  those  who  advocate  extreme measures, as radical reform, and the
   like. Dr. H. More.


   Ul"tra*ist,  n.  One who pushes a principle or measure to extremes; an
   extremist; a radical; an ultra.


   Ul`tra*ma*rine"  (?),  a.  [Pref.  ultra- + marine.] Situated or being
   beyond the sea. Burke.


   Ul`tra*ma*rine",  n. [Cf. Sp. ultramarino. So called because the lapis
   lazuli  was  originally  brought  from  beyond the sea, -- from Asia.]
   (Chem.)  A  blue  pigment formerly obtained by powdering lapis lazuli,
   but  now  produced  in  large  quantities  by  fusing together silica,
   alumina,  soda, and sulphur, thus forming a glass, colored blue by the
   sodium  polysulphides made in the fusion. Also used adjectively. Green
   ultramarine,  a  green  pigment  obtained  as  a  first product in the
   manufacture  of  ultramarine,  into  which it is changed by subsequent
   treatment.  --  Ultramarine  ash OR ashes (Paint.), a pigment which is
   the residuum of lapis lazuli after the ultramarine has been extracted.
   It  was used by the old masters as a middle or neutral tint for flesh,
   skies, and draperies, being of a purer and tenderer gray that produced
   by the mixture of more positive colors. Fairholt.
   Ul`tra*mon"tane  (?),  [LL.  ultramontanus; L. ultra beyond + montanus
   belonging   to  a  mountain,  from  mons,  montis,  mountain:  cf.  F.
   ultramontain,  It.  ultramontano.  See  Ultra-,  and  Mountain.] Being
   beyond  the mountains; specifically, being beyond the Alps, in respect
   to the one who speaks. 

     NOTE: &hand; Th is term was first applied, somewhat contemptuously,
     by  the  Italians, to the nations north of the Alps, especially the
     Germans  and  French,  their  painters,  jurists,  etc.  At a later
     period,  the  French  and Germans applied it to the Italians. It is
     now  more  particularly  used  in respect to religious matters; and
     ultramontane  doctrines,  when  spoken of north of the Alps, denote
     the  extreme views of the pope's rights and supremacy maintained by
     Bellarmin and other Italian writers.


   Ul`tra*mon"tane, n.

   1. One who resides beyond the mountains, especially beyond the Alps; a

   2.  One who maintains extreme views favoring the pope's supremacy. See


   Ul`tra*mon"ta*nism (?), n. [Cf. F. ultramontanisme.] The principles of
   those  within  the  Roman  Catholic  Church who maintain extreme views
   favoring the pope's supremacy; -- so used by those living north of the
   Alps  in  reference  to  the  Italians;  -- rarely used in an opposite
   sense, as referring to the views of those living north of the Alps and
   opposed to the papal claims. Cf. Gallicanism.


   Ul`tra*mon"ta*nist (?), n. One who upholds ultramontanism.


   Ul`tra*mun"dane  (?),  a. [L. ultramundanus. See Ultra-, and Mundane.]
   Being beyond the world, or beyond the limits of our system. Boyle.


   Ul`tra*red" (?), a. [Pref. ultra- + red.] (Physics) Situated beyond or
   below  the  red rays; as, the ultrated rays of the spectrum, which are
   less refrangible than the red.<-- now called infrared -->


   Ul`tra*trop"ic*al  (?), a. [Pref. ultra- + tropical.] Situated beyond,
   or outside of, the tropics; extratropical; also, having an excessively
   tropical temperature; warmer than the tropics.


   Ul`tra*vi"o*let  (?),  a.  [Pref.  ultra-  +  violet.] (Physics) Lying
   outside  the  visible spectrum at its violet end; -- said of rays more
   refrangible than the extreme violet rays of the spectrum.

                                  Ultra vires

   Ul`tra vi"res (?), [Law Latin, from L. prep. ultra beyond + vires, pl.
   of.  vis  strength.] Beyond power; transcending authority; -- a phrase
   used  frequently  in relation to acts or enactments by corporations in
   excess of their chartered or statutory rights.


   Ul`tra*zo*di"a*cal  (?),  a.  [Pref.  ultra-  +  zodiacal.]  (Astron.)
   Outside  the  zodiac;  being  in that part of the heavens that is more
   than  eight degrees from the ecliptic; as, ultrazodiacal planets, that
   is, those planets which in part of their orbits go beyond the zodiac.


   Ul*tro"ne*ous  (?),  a. [L. ultroneus, from ultro to the further side,
   on his part, of one's own accord. See Ultra-.] Spontaneous; voluntary.
   [Obs.]    Jer.   Taylor.   --   Ul*tro"ne*ous*ly,   adv.   [Obs.]   --
   Ul*tro"ne*ous*ness, n. [Obs.]


   Ul"u*la  (?),  n.  [L.,  a  screech  owl.]  (Zo\'94l.) A genus of owls
   including  the  great  gray owl (Ulula cinerea) of Arctic America, and
   other similar species. See Illust. of Owl.


   Ul"u*lant (?), a. Howling; wailing.


   Ul"u*late  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Ululated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ululating.]  [L. ululatus, p. p. of ululare to howl, yell, shriek.] To
   howl,  as  a  dog  or  a  wolf; to wail; as, ululating jackals. Sir T.


   Ul`u*la"tion  (?), n. [L. ululatio.] A howling, as of a dog or wolf; a

     He may fright others with his ululation. Wither.


   Ul"va  (?), n. [L., sedge.] (Bot.) A genus of thin papery bright green
   seaweeds including the kinds called sea lettuce.


   Um"be  (?),  prep.  [AS.  ymbe;  akin  to OHG. umbi, G. um. Cf. Amb-.]
   About. [Obs.] Layamon.


   Um"be*cast`  (?),  v. i. [Umbe + cast.] To cast about; to consider; to
   ponder. [Obs.] Sir T. Malory.


   Um"bel  (?),  n.  [L. umbella a little shadow, umbrella, dim. of umbra
   shade.  See  Umbrella.]  (Bot.)  A kind of flower cluster in which the
   flower  stalks  radiate  from  a  common  point,  as in the carrot and
   milkweed.  It is simple or compound; in the latter case, each peduncle
   bears another little umbel, called umbellet, or umbellule.


   Um"bel*lar  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Of or pertaining to an umbel; having the
   form of an umbel.

                             Umbellate, Umbellated

   Um"bel*late  (?),  Um"bel*la`ted  (?),  a.  [NL.  umbellatus.]  (Bot.)
   Bearing  umbels;  pertaining  to  an  umbel; umbel-like; as, umbellate
   plants or flowers.


   Um"bel*let (?), n. (Bot.) A small or partial umbel; an umbellule.


   Um*bel"lic  (?),  a.  (Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, certain
   umbelliferous  plants;  as,  umbellic acid. Umbellic acid. (Chem.) (a)
   Anisic acid. [Obs.] (b) A yellow powder obtained from umbelliferone.


   Um*bel"li*fer   (?),  n.  [NL.  See  Umbelliferous.]  (Bot.)  A  plant
   producing an umbel or umbels.


   Um`bel*lif"er*one  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  tasteless  white  crystalline
   substance,  C9H6O3,  found  in  the  bark  of  a certain plant (Daphne
   Mezereum),  and also obtained by the distillation of certain gums from
   the  Umbellifer\'91,  as  galbanum, asafetida, etc. It is analogous to
   coumarin.  Called  also  hydroxy-coumarin. <-- its strong fluorescence
   makes it useful in analytical biochemistry. -->


   Um`bel*lif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [Umbel + -ferous: cf. F. ombillif\'8are.]
   (Bot.)  (a)  Producing umbels. (b) Of or pertaining to a natural order
   (Umbellifer\'91) of plants, of which the parsley, carrot, parsnip, and
   fennel are well-known examples.


   Um*bel`lu*la"ri*a  (?),  n.  [NL.  Umbellule.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A genus of
   deep-sea alcyonaria consisting of a cluster of large flowerlike polyps
   situated at the summit of a long, slender stem which stands upright in
   the mud, supported by a bulbous base.


   Um"bel*lule   (?),   n.  [NL.  umbellula,  dim.  of  umbella:  cf.  F.
   ombellule.] (Bot.) An umbellet.


   Um"ber  (?),  n.  [F.  ombre  ocherous ore of iron, terre d'ombre, It.
   terra  d'ombra,  literally, earth of shadow or shade, L. umbra shadow,
   shade. Cf. Umber, 3 & 4, Umbrage.]

   1.  (Paint.)  A  brown  or  reddish pigment used in both oil and water
   colors,  obtained  from certain natural clays variously colored by the
   oxides  of  iron and manganese. It is commonly heated or burned before
   being  used,  and  is  then called burnt umber; when not heated, it is
   called raw umber. See Burnt umber, below.

   2. An umbrere. [Obs.]

   3. [F. ombre, umbre, L. umbra.] (Zo\'94l.) See Grayling, 1.

   4. [Cf. NL. scopus umbretta, F. ombrette; probably fr. L. umbra shade,
   in  allusion to its dark brown color. See Umber a pigment.] (Zo\'94l.)
   An  African  wading  bird  (Scopus  umbretta) allied to the storks and
   herons.  It  is  dull  dusky  brown,  and has a large occipital crest.
   Called also umbrette, umbre, and umber bird.
   Burnt  umber  (Paint.),  a pigment made by burning raw umber, which is
   changed by this process from an olive brown to a bright reddish brown.
   --  Cologne,  OR German, umber, a brown pigment obtained from lignite.
   See Cologne earth.


   Um"ber,  a.  Of or pertaining to umber; resembling umber; olive-brown;
   dark brown; dark; dusky.

     Their  harps  are of the umber shade That hides the blush of waking
     day. J. R. Drake.


   Um"ber,  v.  t.  To color with umber; to shade or darken; as, to umber
   over one's face. B. Jonson.


   Um"ber*y  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to umber; like umber; as, umbery


   Um*bil"ic (?), n. [From L. umbilicus: cf. F. ombilic. See Navel.]

   1.  The  navel;  the center. [Obs.] "The umbilic of the world." Sir T.

   2. (Geom.) An umbilicus. See Umbilicus, 5 (b).


   Um*bil"ic (?), a. (Anat.) See Umbilical, 1.


   Um*bil"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. ombilical. See Umbilic, n.]

   1.  (Anat.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  an  umbilicus, or umbilical cord;

   2. Pertaining to the center; central. [R.] De Foe.
   Umbilical cord. (a) (Anat.) The cord which connects the fetus with the
   placenta,  and  contains the arteries and the vein through which blood
   circulates  between  the fetus and the placenta; the navel-string. (b)
   (Bot.)  The  little  stem  by  which  the  seeds  are  attached to the
   placenta;  --  called also funicular cord. -- Umbilical hernia (Med.),
   hernia  of the bowels at the umbilicus. -- Umbilical point (Geom.), an
   umbilicus.  See  Umbilicus, 5. -- Umbilical region (Anat.), the middle
   region  of  the abdomen, bounded above by the epigastric region, below
   by  the hypogastric region, and on the sides by the lumbar regions. --
   Umbilical  vesicle  (Anat.),  a  saccular  appendage of the developing
   embryo, containing the nutritive and unsegmented part of the ovum; the
   yolk sac. See Illust. in Appendix.
                            Umbilicate, Umbilicated
   Um*bil"i*cate  (?),  Um*bil"i*ca`ted  (?),  a.  [L.  umbilicatus.  See
   Umbilic.]  (a)  Depressed  in  the  middle, like a navel, as a flower,
   fruit,  or leaf; navel-shaped; having an umbilicus; as, an umbilicated
   smallpox  vesicle.  (b)  (Bot.)  Supported  by  a stalk at the central


   Um*bil"i*ca"tion (?), n. A slight, navel-like depression, or dimpling,
   of  the  center  of a rounded body; as, the umbilication of a smallpox
   vesicle; also, the condition of being umbilicated.


   Um`bi*li"cus (?), n. [L. See Umbilic.]

   1. (Anat.) The depression, or mark, in the median line of the abdomen,
   which  indicates the point where the umbilical cord separated from the
   fetus; the navel.

   2.  (Gr. & Rom. Antiq.) An ornamented or painted ball or boss fastened
   at  each  end  of  the  stick on which manuscripts were rolled. Dr. W.

   3. (Bot.) The hilum.

   4. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A depression or opening in the center of the base of
   many spiral shells. (b) Either one of the two apertures in the calamus
   of a feather.

   5. (Geom.) (a) One of foci of an ellipse, or other curve. [Obs.] (b) A
   point  of a surface at which the curvatures of the normal sections are
   all  equal to each other. A sphere may be osculatory to the surface in
   every direction at an umbilicus. Called also umbilic.

                                   Umble pie

   Um"ble  pie`  (?).  A pie made of umbles. See To eat humble pie, under


   Um"bles (?), n. pl. [See Nombles.] The entrails and coarser parts of a
   deer;  hence, sometimes, entrails, in general. [Written also humbles.]


   Um"bo (?), n.; pl. L. Umbones (#), E. Umbos (#). [L.]

   1.  The  boss  of  a  shield,  at  or  near  the  middle,  and usually
   projecting, sometimes in a sharp spike.

   2.  A  boss, or rounded elevation, or a corresponding depression, in a
   palate,  disk,  or  membrane;  as,  the  umbo in the integument of the
   larv\'91 of echinoderms or in the tympanic membrane of the ear.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.) One of the lateral prominence just above the hinge of a
   bivalve shell.

                              Umbonate, Umbonated

   Um"bo*nate (?), Um"bo*na`ted (?), a. [NL. umbonatus. See Umbo.] Having
   a conical or rounded projection or protuberance, like a boss.


   Um"bra (?), n.; pl. Umbr\'91 (#). [L., a shadow.]

   1.  (Astron.)  (a)  The  conical  shadow  projected  from  a planet or
   satellite,  on  the side opposite to the sun, within which a spectator
   could  see  no portion of the sun's disk; -- used in contradistinction
   from penumbra. See Penumbra. (b) The central dark portion, or nucleus,
   of  a  sun  spot.  (c)  The  fainter  part  of a sun spot; -- now more
   commonly called penumbra.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species of sci\'91noid food fishes of
   the genus Umbrina, especially the Mediterranean species (U. cirrhosa),
   which  is  highly esteemed as a market fish; -- called also ombre, and
   Umbra  tree  (Bot.),  a  tree (Phytolacca diocia) of the same genus as
   pokeweed.  It is native of South America, but is now grown in southern
   Europe.  It  has  large dark leaves, and a somber aspect. The juice of
   its berries is used for coloring wine. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).


   Um*brac`u*lif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L. umbraculum umbrella (dim. of umbra
   shade) + -ferous.] (Bot.) Bearing something like an open umbrella.


   Um*brac`u*li*form  (?),  a.  [L.  umbraculum  any thing that furnishes
   shade,  a bower, umbrella (dim. of umbra a shade) + -form.] Having the
   form of anything that serves to shade, as a tree top, an umbrella, and
   the  like;  specifically  (Bot.),  having  the  form  of  an umbrella;

   Page 1562


   Um"brage  (?;  48),  n.  [F.  ombrage  shade,  suspicion,  umbrage, L.
   umbraticus   belonging  to  shade,  fr.  umbra  a  shade.  Cf.  Umber,

   1.  Shade;  shadow; obscurity; hence, that which affords a shade, as a
   screen of trees or foliage.

     Where highest woods, impenetrable To star or sunlight, spread their
     umbrage broad. Milton.

   2. Shadowy resemblance; shadow. [Obs.]

     The  opinion  carries no show of truth nor umbrage of reason on its
     side. Woodward.

   3. The feeling of being overshadowed; jealousy of another, as standing
   in  one's  light or way; hence, suspicion of injury or wrong; offense;

     Which gave umbrage to wiser than myself. Evelyn.

     Persons  who  feel most umbrage from the overshadowing aristocracy.
     Sir W. Scott.


   Um*bra"geous (?; 277), a. [Cf. F. ombraqeux shy, skittish, suspicious,
   in OF. also, shady. See Umbrage.]

   1.  Forming  or affording a shade; shady; shaded; as, umbrageous trees
   or foliage.

     Umbrageous  grots and caves Of cool recess, o'er which the mantling
     vine Lays forth her purple grape. Milton.

   2. Not easily perceived, as if from being darkened or shaded; obscure.
   [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton.

   3.  Feeling jealousy or umbrage; taking, or disposed to take, umbrage;
   suspicious.   [Obs.]   Bp.  Warburton.  --  Um*bra"geous*ly,  adv.  --
   Um*bra"geous*ness, n.


   Um"brate (?), v. t. [L. umbratus, p. p. of umbrare to shade, fr. umbra
   a shade.] To shade; to shadow; to foreshadow. [Obs.]

                             Umbratic, Umbratical

   Um*brat"ic  (?),  Um*brat"ic*al  (?),  a.  [L.  umbraticus, from umbra
   shade.  See  Umbrage.]  Of  or  pertaining  to  the shade or darkness;
   shadowy; unreal; secluded; retired. [R.] B. Jonson.


   Um"bra*tile  (?),  a. [L. umbraticus, fr. umbra shade.] Umbratic. [R.]
   B. Jonson.


   Um*bra"tious  (?),  a. [L. umbra a shade. Cf. Umbrageous.] Suspicious;
   captious; disposed to take umbrage. [Obs. & R.] Sir H. Wotton.


   Um"bre (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Umber.


   Um*brel" (?), n. An umbrella. [Obs. or Colloq.]

     Each of them besides bore their umbrels. Shelton.


   Um*brel"la  (?), n. [It. umbrella, fr. ombra a shade, L. umbra; cf. L.
   umbella a sunshade, a parasol. Cf. Umbel, Umbrage.]

   1.  A  shade, screen, or guard, carried in the hand for sheltering the
   person from the rays of the sun, or from rain or snow. It is formed of
   silk, cotton, or other fabric, extended on strips of whalebone, steel,
   or other elastic material, inserted, or fastened to, a rod or stick by
   means  of  pivots or hinges, in such a way as to allow of being opened
   and closed with ease. See Parasol.

     Underneath the umbrella's oily shed. Gay.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The umbrellalike disk, or swimming bell, of a jellyfish.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  marine  tectibranchiate  gastropod  of  the genus
   Umbrella,  having  an  umbrella-shaped  shell; -- called also umbrella
   Umbrella  ant  (Zo\'94l.),  the  sauba  ant;  --  so called because it
   carries  bits  of  leaves  over  its  back  when foraging. Called also
   parasol  ant.  --  Umbrella  bird  (Zo\'94l.),  a  South American bird
   (Cephalopterus  ornatus) of the family Cotingid\'91. It is black, with
   a  large  handsome  crest  consisting  of  a mass of soft, glossy blue
   feathers  curved  outward  at  the  tips. It also has a cervical plume
   consisting  of  a  long,  cylindrical dermal process covered with soft
   hairy  feathers. Called also dragoon bird. -- Umbrella leaf (Bot.), an
   American perennial herb (Dyphylleia cymosa), having very large peltate
   and  lobed radical leaves. -- Umbrella shell. (Zo\'94l.) See Umbrella,
   3.  -- Umbrella tree (Bot.), a kind of magnolia (M. Umbrella) with the
   large  leaves  arranged  in  umbrellalike  clusters at the ends of the
   branches.  It  is  a  native  of Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Kentucky.
   Other  plants in various countries are called by this name, especially
   a kind of screw pine (Pandanus odoratissimus).

                               Umbrere, Umbriere

   Um*brere,  Um*briere  (?),  n.  [F.  ombre  a  shade, L. umbra; cf. F.
   ombrelle  a  sunshade, OF. also ombri\'8are. See Umbrella.] In ancient
   armor,  a visor, or projection like the peak of a cap, to which a face
   guard  was sometimes attached. This was sometimes fixed, and sometimes
   moved  freely  upon  the  helmet  and could be raised like the beaver.
   Called also umber, and umbril. [Obs.]

     But only vented up her umbriere. Spenser.


   Um*brette" (?), n. [F. ombrette.] (Zo\'94l.) See Umber, 4.


   Um*brif"er*ous  (?),  a. [L. umbrifer; umbra a shade + ferre to bear.]
   Casting or making a shade; umbrageous. -- Um*brif"er*ous*ly (#), adv.


   Um"bril (?), n. A umbrere. [Obs.]


   Um"brine (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Umbra, 2.


   Um"brose` (?), a. [L. umbrosus, fr. umbra a shade.] Shady; umbrageous.


   Um*bros"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being umbrose; shadiness.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Um*ho"fo   (?),   n.   (Zo\'94l.)  An  African  two-horned  rhinoceros
   (Atelodus,  OR  Rhinoceros,  simus); -- called also chukuru, and white


   Um"laut  (?),  n.  [G.,  from  um  about  + laut sound.] (Philol.) The
   euphonic  modification of a root vowel sound by the influence of a, u,
   or especially i, in the syllable which formerly followed.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  pe culiar to  th e Teutonic languages, and was
     common in Anglo-Saxon. In German the umlauted vowels resulting from
     a,  o,  u,  followed by old i, are written \'84, \'94, \'81, or ae,
     oe,  ue; as, m\'84nner or maenner, men, from mann, man. Examples of
     forms  resulting from umlaut in English are geese pl. of goose, men
     pl. of man, etc.


   Um"laut*ed, a. (Philol.) Having the umlaut; as, umlauted vowels.

     There   is   so  natural  connection  between  umlauted  forms  and
     plurality. Earle.


   Um"pi*rage (?; 48), n. [From Umpire.]

   1.  The  office  of  an  umpire;  the power, right, or authority of an
   umpire to decide.

     The mind umpirage of the federal Union. E. Everett.

   2. The act of umpiring; arbitrament. Bp. Hall.


   Um"pire  (?),  n.  [OE.  nompere, nounpere (also impier, fr. F. impair
   uneven),  fr.  OF.  nomper  uneven,  F.  non-pair;  hence the meaning,
   uneven,  i.  e., third person; non not + OF. per even, equal, peer, F.
   pair; cf. L. impar uneven, unequal. See Non-, and Peer, n.]

   1.  A  person to whose sole decision a controversy or question between
   parties is referred; especially, one chosen to see that the rules of a
   game, as cricket, baseball, or the like, are strictly observed.

     A  man,  in questions of this kind, is able to be a skillful umpire
     between himself and others. Barrow.

   2.  (Law)  A  third person, who is to decide a controversy or question
   submitted  to  arbitrators  in case of their disagreement. Blackstone.
   Syn. -- Judge; arbitrator; referee. See Judge.


   Um"pire, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Umpired (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Umpiring.]

   1. To decide as umpire; to arbitrate; to settle, as a dispute.

     Judges  appointed to umpire the matter in contest between them, and
     to decide where the right lies. South.

   2.  To  perform  the duties of umpire in or for; as, to umpire a game.


   Um"pire, v. i. To act as umpire or arbitrator.


   Um"pire*ship, n. Umpirage; arbitrament. Jewel.


   Um"press (?), n. Female umpire. [R.] Marston.


   Um"quhile (?), adv. [Cf. OF. umwhile for a time. See While.] Some time
   ago; formerly. [Scot.] Sir W. Scott. -- a. Former. [Scot.] <--


   umpteen,  [Colloq.]  An indefinite number, usu. more than ten and less
   than  one  hundred;  a  lot.  Often  used  hyperbolically, and usually
   expressing  the  notion  of  more than the usual number or more than I
   would  like;  --  "I've  told  you  umpteen  times  not  to  do that."
   umpteenth. Ordinal of umpteen, with corresponding signification. -->


   Un-.  [OE.  un-,  on-, the unaccented form of the accented prefix and-
   (cf.  Answer);  akin  to  D. ont-, G. ent-, OHG. int-, Goth. and-. See
   Anti-.]  An inseparable verbal prefix or particle. It is prefixed: (a)
   To  verbs to express the contrary, and not the simple negative, of the
   action  of  the  verb  to  which  it  is prefixed; as in uncoil, undo,
   unfold.  (b) To nouns to form verbs expressing privation of the thing,
   quality,  or state expressed by the noun, or separation from it; as in
   unchild,  unsex. Sometimes particles and participial adjectives formed
   with  this  prefix  coincide  in  form  with compounds of the negative
   prefix un- (see 2d Un-); as in undone (from undo), meaning unfastened,
   ruined;  and  undone  (from  2d  un-  and  done) meaning not done, not
   finished.  Un- is sometimes used with an intensive force merely; as in

     NOTE: &hand; Co mpounds of  th is prefix are given in full in their
     proper order in the Vocabulary.


   Un-. [OE. & AS. un-; akin to OFries. un-, D. on-, OS., OHG., & G. un-,
   Icel.  &omac;-, &umac;-, Sw. o-, Dan. u-, W. an-, L. in-, Gr. an-, a-.
   \'fb193.  Cf.  A-  not  In-  not,  No, adv.] An inseparable prefix, or
   particle,  signifying  not; in-; non-. In- is prefixed mostly to words
   of  Latin origin, or else to words formed by Latin suffixes; un- is of
   much  wider  application,  and  is  attached  at  will  to  almost any
   adjective,  or  participle  used adjectively, or adverb, from which it
   may  be  desired to form a corresponding negative adjective or adverb,
   and  is  also,  but  less freely, prefixed to nouns. Un- sometimes has
   merely an intensive force; as in unmerciless, unremorseless. I. Un- is
   prefixed to adjectives, or to words used adjectively. Specifically: --
   (a)  To adjectives, to denote the absence of the quality designated by
   the  adjective; as, -- <-- Note: here is a list of word beginning with
   "un-"  but not yet typed in by the typist. The (a) list starting at p.
   1562 continues to p. 1563. --> ---- and the like.

   Page 1563

   (b)  To  past  particles, or to adjectives formed after the analogy of
   past  particles,  to  indicate  the  absence of the condition or state
   expressed  by  them; as, - <-- here another list of "un" words, formed
   form  past  participles,  but not typed, continuing to page 1564. They
   are  formatted  as  three  words  across  in  each  main column of the
   dictionary  (pages are three main columns across), i.e., forming three
   subcolumns   in   each  main  column.  The  words  are  alphabetically
   increasing   as  one  goes  down  (not  across)  each  subcolumn,  and
   continuing  at the top of the next subcolumn. For edition 0.4 (Aug. 8,
   1996)  we  type  only  the first few words, forming ca. 1/4 of the 2nd
   main  column  of  page  1562.  --> Unabolishable Unabsolvable Unabsurd
   Unabundant    Unaccordant    Unadoptable    Unadventurous    Unaffable
   Unaffectionate    Unafraid    Unalliable    Unallowablew   Unalterable
   Unambiguous  Unambitious  Unamendable  Un-American Unamusive Unangular
   Unanxious  Unapocryphal Unapostolic &colbreak; Unapparent Unappeasable
   Unapplausive      Unappreciable     Unapprehensible     Unapprehensive
   Unapproachable   Unartificial   Unartistic  Unassailable  Unattainable
   Unattentive  Unauthentic Unavailable Unbailable Unbearable Unbeautiful
   Unbeliefful    Unbelievable   Unbeneficial   Unbenevolent   Unblamable
   &colbreak;   Unblemishable   Unblissful  Unboastful  Unbold  Unbookish
   Unbounteous  Unbribable Unbrotherly Unburdensome Unbusinesslike Unbusy
   Uncandid  Uncanonical  Uncaptious  Uncareful Uncelestial Unceremonious
   Unchallengeable  Unchangeable  Unchary  Unchastisable  Uncheerful  <--
   bottom of 2nd column, page 1562. -->

   Page 1563

   ---- and the like.

   Page 1564

   (c)  To  present  particles which come from intransitive verbs, or are
   themselves  employed  as  adjectives,  to  mark  the  absence  of  the
   activity,  disposition,  or condition implied by the participle; as, -
   <--  here is the (c) list of "un" words formd from present participles
   --> ---- and the like.

     NOTE: The ab ove classes of words are unlimited in extent, and such
     compounds  may  be  formed  by  any  writer or speaker at will from
     almost all the adjectives or participles in the language, excepting
     those which have a recognized and usual negative correspondent with
     the  prefix -in. No attempt will be made, therefore, to define them
     all  in  this  Dictionary; many will be omitted from its Vocabulary
     which  are  negations of the simple word, and are readily explained
     by prefixing a not to the latter. Derivatives of these words in -ly
     and  -ness will also, for the most part, be omitted for the same or
     similar  reasons.  There will be inserted as separate articles with
     definitions,  the  following:  --  1.  Those which have acquired an
     opposed  or  contrary,  instead  of a merely negative, meaning; as,
     unfriendly, ungraceful, unpalatable, unquiet, and the like; or else
     an  intensive  sense  more  than  a prefixed not would express; as,
     unending,  unparalleled,  undisciplined, undoubted, unsafe, and the
     like.  2. Those which have the value of independent words, inasmuch
     as  the  simple words are either not used at all, or are rarely, or
     at   least   much   less   frequently,   used;   as,   unavoidable,
     unconscionable, undeniable, unspeakable, unprecedented, unruly, and
     the  like;  or  inasmuch as they are used in a different sense from
     the  usual  meaning  of  the primitive, or especially in one of the
     significations   of   the  latter;  as,  unaccountable,  unalloyed,
     unbelieving, unpretending, unreserved, and the like; or inasmuch as
     they  are  so  frequently  and familiarly used that they are hardly
     felt to be of negative origin; as, uncertain, uneven, and the like.
     3.  Those  which  are  anomalous,  provincial,  or,  for some other
     reason,  not desirable to be used, and are so indicated; as, unpure
     for  impure,  unsatisfaction for dissatisfaction, unexpressible for
     inexpressible,  and  the  like.  II.  Un-  is  prefixed to nouns to
     express  the  absence  of,  or the contrary of, that which the noun
     signifies;  as,  unbelief,  unfaith, unhealth, unrest, untruth, and
     the like. NOTE: &hand; C ompounds o f t his last class are given in
     full in their proper order in the Vocabulary.
     Un`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. Inability. [Obs.]
     Un*a"ble  (?),  a. Not able; not having sufficient strength, means,
     knowledge, skill, or the like; impotent' weak; helpless; incapable;
     --  now  usually  followed by an infinitive or an adverbial phrase;
     as, unable for work; unable to bear fatigue.
     Sapless age and weak unable limbs. Shak.
     Un*a"bled (?), a. Disabled. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
     Un*a"ble*ness (?), n. Inability. [Obs.] Hales.
                                   Una boat
     U"na  boat`  (?).  (Naut.)  The  English  name for a catboat; -- so
     called  because  Una  was  the  name of the first boat of this kind
     taken to England. D. Kemp.
     Un`a*bridged"  (?),  a. Not abridged, or shortened; full; complete;
     entire; whole.
     Un`ab*sorb"a*ble  (?),  a. Not absorbable; specifically (Physiol.),
     not  capable  of  absorption;  unable  to  pass by osmosis into the
     circulating blood; as, the unabsorbable portion of food.
     Un`ac*cept`a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The quality of being unacceptable;
     Un`ac*cept"a*ble (?), a. Not acceptable; not pleasing; not welcome;
     unpleasant;     disagreeable;     displeasing;     offensive.    --
     Un`ac*cept"a*ble*ness, n. -- Un`ac*cept"a*bly, adv. 


     Un`ac*cess"i*ble (?), a. Inaccessible. Herbert.


     Un`ac*com"plished   (?),   a.   Not   accomplished   or  performed;
     unfinished; also, deficient in accomplishment; unrefined.


     Un`ac*com"plish*ment  (?),  n.  The  state of being unaccomplished.
     [Obs.] Milton.


     Un`ac*count`a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being


     Un`ac*count"a*ble (?), a.

     1. Not accountable or responsible; free from control. South.

     2. Not to be accounted for; inexplicable; not consonant with reason
     or  rule;  strange;  mysterious.  -- Un`ac*count"a*ble*ness}, n. --
     Un`ac*count"a*bly, adv.

   Page 1565


   Un*ac"cu*rate (?), a. Inaccurate. Boyle.


   Un*ac"cu*rate*ness, n. Inaccuracy. Boyle.


   Un`ac*cus"tomed (?), a.

   1. Not used; not habituated; unfamiliar; unused; -- which to.

     Chastened as a bullock unaccustomed to yoke. Jer. xxxi. 18.

   2. Not usual; uncommon; strange; new.

     What unaccustomed cause procures her hither? Shak.


   Un`ac*quaint"ance  (?), n. The quality or state of being unacquainted;
   want of acquaintance; ignorance.

     He  was then in happy unacquaintance with everything connected with
     that obnoxious cavity. Sir W. Hamilton.


   Un`ac*quaint"ed, a.

   1. Not acquainted. Cowper.

   2. Not usual; unfamiliar; strange. [Obs.]

     And the unacquainted light began to fear. Spenser.


   Un`ac*quaint"ed*ness, n. Unacquaintance. Whiston.


   Un*ac"tive, a. Inactive; listless. [R.]

     While other animals unactive range. Milton.


   Un*ac"tive,  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + active; or from unactive, a.] To
   render inactive or listless. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Un*ac"tive*ness, n. Inactivity. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.

                          Unadmissible, Unadmittable

   Un`ad*mis"si*ble (?), Un`ad*mit"ta*ble (?), a. Inadmissible. [R.]

                          Unadulterate, Unadulterated

   Un`a*dul"ter*ate  (?),  Un`a*dul"ter*a`ted  (?),  a.  Not adulterated;
   pure. "Unadulterate air." Cowper. -- Un`a*dul"ter*ate*ly, adv.


   Un`ad*vis"a*ble  (?),  a.  Not  advisable;  inadvisable;  inexpedient.
   Lowth. -- Un`ad*vis"a*bly, adv.


   Un`ad*vised" (?), a.

   1. Not prudent; not discreet; ill advised. Shak.

   2. Done without due consideration; wanton; rash; inconsiderate; as, an
   unadvised    proceeding.    --    Un`ad*vis"ed*ly    (#),    adv.   --
   Un`ad*vis"ed*ness, n.


   Un`af*fect"ed (?), a.

   1.   Not  affected  or  moved;  destitute  of  affection  or  emotion;

     A  poor, cold, unspirited, unmannered, Unhonest, unaffected, undone
     fool. J. Fletcher.

   2.  Free  from  affectation;  plain;  simple;  natural; real; sincere;
   genuine;   as,   unaffected   sorrow.  --  Un`af*fect"ed*ly,  adv.  --
   Un`af*fect"ed*ness, n.


   Un`a*filed" (?), a. Undefiled. [Obs.] Gower.


   Un`a*gree"a*ble (?), a.

   1. Disagreeable.

   2.    Not    agreeing    or    consistent;    unsuitable.   Shak.   --
   Un`a*gree"a*ble*ness, n. -- Un`a*gree"a*bly, adv.


   Un*aid"a*ble (?), a. Incapable of being aided. "Her unaidable estate."


   Un*al"ien*a*ble (?), a. Inalienable; as, unalienable rights. Swift. --
   Un*al"ien*a*bly, adv.


   U"nal*ist  (?),  n. [L. unus one.] (Eccl.) An ecclesiastical who holds
   but one benefice; -- distinguished from pluralist. [Eng.] V. Knox.


   Un`al*lied"  (?),  a. Not allied; having no ally; having no connection
   or relation; as, unallied species or genera.


   Un`al*loyed"  (?),  a.  Not alloyed; not reduced by foreign admixture;
   unmixed; unqualified; pure; as, unalloyed metals; unalloyed happiness.

     I enjoyed unalloyed satisfaction in his company. Mitford.


   Un*almsed" (?), a. Not having received alms. [Obs. & R.] Pollock.


   Un*am`bi*gu"i*ty (?), n. Absence of ambiguity; clearness; perspicuity.


   Un`am*bi"tion (?), n. The absence of ambition. [R.] F. W. Newman.


   Un*a`mi*a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The quality or state of being unamiable;


   Un*a"mi*a*ble  (?), a. Not amiable; morose; ill-natured; repulsive. --
   Un*a"mi*a*bly, adv.


   Un*an"chor  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + anchor.] To loose from the
   anchor, as a ship. De Quincey.


   Un`a*neled"  (?),  a. Not aneled; not having received extreme unction.


   U*nan"i*mate (?), a. [See Unanimous.] Unanimous. [Obs.]


   U`na*nim"i*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  unanimitas:  cf.  F.  unanimit\'82.] The
   quality or state of being unanimous.


   U*nan"i*mous  (?),  a. [L. unanimus, unanimus; unus one + animus mind:
   cf. F. unanime. See Unit, and Animate.]

   1.  Being  of one mind; agreeing in opinion, design, or determination;
   consentient;  not  discordant  or  dissentient;  harmonious;  as,  the
   assembly  was  unanimous;  the  members of the council were unanimous.
   "Both in one faith unanimous." Milton.

   2.  Formed  with unanimity; indicating unanimity; having the agreement
   and   consent   of   all;   agreed  upon  without  the  opposition  or
   contradiction  of  any;  as, a unanimous opinion; a unanimous vote. --
   U*nan"i*mous*ly, adv. -- U*nan"i*mous*ness, n.


   Un*an`swer*a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  of  being unanswerable;


   Un*an"swer*a*ble  (?),  a.  Not  answerable;  irrefutable; conclusive;
   decisive;    as,    he    have    an    unanswerable    argument.   --
   Un*an"swer*a*ble*ness, n. -- Un*an"swer*a*bly, adv.


   Un*an"swered (?), a.

   1. Not answered; not replied; as, an unanswered letter.

   2. Not refuted; as, an unanswered argument.

   3. Not responded to in kind; unrequited; as, unanswered affection.


   Un`ap*palled"   (?),  a.  Not  appalled;  not  frightened;  dauntless;
   undaunted. Milton.


   Un`ap*par"el  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + apparel.] To divest of
   clothing; to strip. [Obs.] Donne.


   Un`ap*peal"a*ble, a.

   1.  Not  appealable;  that  can not be carried to a higher tribunal by
   appeal; as, an unappealable suit or action.

   2.  Not to be appealed from; -- said of a judge or a judgment that can
   not be overruled.

     The infallible, unappealable Judge [God]. South.

     We submitted to a galling yet unappealable necessity. Shelley.

   -- Un`ap*peal"a*bly, adv.


   Un`ap*pli"a*ble (?), a. Inapplicable. Milton.


   Un*ap"pli*ca*ble (?), a. Inapplicable.


   Un`ap*pro"pri*ate (?), a. [Pref. un- not + appropriate, a.]

   1. Inappropriate; unsuitable.

   2. Not appropriated. Bp. Warburton.


   Un`ap*pro"pri*ate  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + appropriate, v. t.] To
   take from private possession; to restore to the possession or right of
   all; as, to unappropriate a monopoly. [R.] Milton.


   Un`ap*pro"pri*a`ted (?), a. [Pref. un- not + appropriated.]

   1.  Not  specially  appropriate;  having  not  special application. J.

   2.  Not  granted  to  any  person,  corporation,  or  the like, to the
   exclusion of others; as, unappropriated lands.

   3.  Not  granted  for,  or  applied  to, any specific purpose; as, the
   unappropriated moneys in the treasury.


   Un`ap*proved" (?), a.

   1. Not approved.

   2. Not proved. [Obs.]


   Un*apt" (?), a.

   1. Inapt; slow; dull. Bacon.

   2. Unsuitable; unfit; inappropriate. Macaulay.

   3. Not accustomed and not likely; not disposed.

     I am a soldier and unapt to weep. Shak.

   -- Un*apt"ly, adv. -- Un*apt"ness, n.


   Un`a*quit"  (?), a. [See Un- not, and Acquit.] Unrequited. [R. & Obs.]


   Un*ar"gued (?), a.

   1. Not argued or debated.

   2. Not argued against; undisputed. [Obs.] Milton.

   3. Not censured. [A Latinism. Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Un*arm" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + arm.] To disarm. Sir T. Browne.


   Un*arm",  v.  i.  To puff off, or lay down, one's arms or armor. "I'll
   unarm again." Shak.


   Un*armed" (?), a. [Pref. un- not + armed.]

   1. Not armed or armored; having no arms or weapons.

   2.  (Nat.  Hist.)  Having  no  hard  and sharp projections, as spines,
   prickles, spurs, claws, etc.


   Un*art"ed (?), a.

   1. Ignorant of the arts. [Obs.] E. Waterhouse.

   2. Not artificial; plain; simple. [Obs.] Feltham.


   Un*art"ful  (?),  a.  Lacking  art  or  skill;  artless.  Congreve. --
   Un*art"ful*ly, adv. Swift. Burke.


   Un`ar*tis"tic (?), a. Inartistic.


   Un`a*scried" (?), a. Not descried. [Obs.]


   Un`a*served" (?), a. Not served. [Obs.]


   Un`as*sum"ing  (?), a. Not assuming; not bold or forward; not arrogant
   or  presuming;  humble;  modest;  retiring;  as,  an unassuming youth;
   unassuming manners.


   Un`as*sured" (?), a.

   1. Not assured; not bold or confident.

   2. Not to be trusted. [Obs.] Spenser.

   3. Not insured against loss; as, unassured goods.


   Un`a*ton"a*ble (?), a.

   1.   Not  capable  of  being  brought  into  harmony;  irreconcilable.
   "Unatonable matrimony." [Obs.] Milton.

   2. Incapable of being atoned for; inexpiable.


   Un`at*tached" (?), a.

   1. Not attached; not adhering; having no engagement; free.

   2. (Mil.) Not assigned to any company or regiment.

   3. (Law) Not taken or arrested. R. Junius.


   Un`at*ten"tive (?), a. Inattentive; careless.


   Un`at*tire"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + altire.] To divest of attire;
   to undress.


   U*nau"  (?),  n.  [Brazilian.] (Zo\'94l.) The two-toed sloth (Cholopus
   didactylus),  native  of South America. It is about two feet long. Its
   color is a uniform grayish brown, sometimes with a reddish tint.


   Un*au"di*enced (?), a. Not given an audience; not received or heard.


   Un`aus*pi"cious (?), a. Inauspicious. Rowe.


   Un*au"thor*ize  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + authorize.] To disown the
   authority of; to repudiate.


   Un`a*void"a*ble (?), a.

   1. Not avoidable; incapable of being shunned or prevented; inevitable;
   necessary; as, unavoidable troubles.

   2.  (Law)  Not  voidable;  incapable  of  being  made  null  or  void.
   Unavoidable  hemorrhage (Med.), hemorrhage produced by the afterbirth,
   or  placenta,  being  situated  over  the  mouth  of the womb so as to
   require    detachment    before    the   child   can   be   born.   --
   Un`a*void"a*ble*ness, n. -- Un`a*void"a*bly, adv.


   Un`a*void"ed, a.

   1. Not avoided or shunned. Shak.

   2. Unavoidable; inevitable. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Un`a*ware"   (?),   a.  Not  aware;  not  noticing;  giving  no  heed;
   thoughtless; inattentive. Swift.


   Un`a*ware", adv. Unawares. [Poetic] Dryden.


   Un`a*wares" (?), adv, Without design or preparation; suddenly; without
   premeditation,   unexpectedly.  "Mercies  lighting  unawares."  J.  H.

     Lest unawares we lose This our high place, our sanctuary, our hill.

   At unaware, OR At unawares, unexpectedly; by surprise.

     He breaks at unawares upon our walks. Dryden.

     So we met In this old sleepy town an at unaware. R. Browning.


   Un*backed" (?), a.

   1. Never mounted by a rider; unbroken. "Unbacked colts." Shak.

   2. Not supported or encouraged; not countenanced; unaided. Daniel.


   Un*bag" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + bag.] To pour, or take, or let go,
   out of a bag or bags.


   Un*bal"anced  (?), a. [In senses 1 and 2, pref. un- not + balanced; in
   sense 3, 1st pref. un- + balance.]

   1.  Not  balanced; not in equipoise; having no counterpoise, or having
   insufficient counterpoise.

     Let Earth unbalanced from her orbit fly. Pope.

   2.  (Com.)  Not  adjusted;  not settled; not brought to an equality of
   debt and credit; as, an unbalanced account; unbalanced books.

   3.  Being,  or  being thrown, out of equilibrium; hence, disordered or
   deranged in sense; unsteady; unsound; as, an unbalanced mind. Pope.


   Un*bal"last  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  ballast.] To free from
   ballast; to discharge ballast from. Totten.


   Un*bal"last, a. Not ballasted. [Obs. & R.] Addison.


   Un*bal"last*ed, a.

   1.  [Properly  p. p. unballast.] Freed from ballast; having discharged

   2.  [Pref.  un- not + ballasted.] Not furnished with ballast; not kept
   steady  by  ballast;  unsteady;  as,  unballasted vessels; unballasted

     Unballasted by any sufficient weight of plan. De Quincey.


   Un*ban"ed  (?),  a.  [1st un- + band + -ed.] Wanting a band or string;
   unfastened. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*bank"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + bank.] To remove a bank from; to
   open by, or as if by, the removal of a bank. H. Taylor.


   Un*bar"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + bar.] To remove a bar or bars
   from; to unbolt; to open; as, to unbar a gate. Heber.


   Un*barbed" (?), a.

   1. Not shaven. [Obs.]

   2. Destitute of bards, or of reversed points, hairs, or plumes; as, an
   unbarded feather.


   Un*bark"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + bark rind.] To deprive of the
   bark; to decorticate; to strip; as, to unbark a tree. Bacon.


   Un*bark",  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  bark  the vessel.] To cause to
   disembark; to land. [Obs.] Hakluyt.


   Un*bar"rel  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + barrel.] To remove or release
   from a barrel or barrels.


   Un*bar`ri*cade"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + barricade.] To unbolt; to
   unbar; to open.

     You shall not unbarricade the door. J. Webster (1623).


   Un*bar`ri*ca"doed  (?),  a.  Not  obstructed  by barricades; open; as,
   unbarricadoed streets. Burke.


   Un*bash"ful  (?), a. Not bashful or modest; bold; impudent; shameless.


   Un*bay"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + bay to dam.] To free from the
   restraint  of  anything  that  surrounds or incloses; to let loose; to
   open. [Obs.]

     I ought . . . to unbay the current of my passion. Norris.


   Un*be"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + be.] To cause not to be; to cause
   to be another. [Obs. & R.]

     How  oft,  with  danger  of the field beset, Or with home mutinies,
     would he unbe Himself! Old Pay.


   Un*bear"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + bear to support.] To remove or
   loose the bearing rein of (a horse).


   Un*beat"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + beast.] To deliver from the form
   or nature of a beast.


   Un`be*come"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + become.] To misbecome. [Obs.]
   Bp. Sherlock.


   Un`be*com"ing  (?),  a.  [Pref.  un-  not  +  becoming.] Not becoming;
   unsuitable; unfit; indecorous; improper.

     My grief lets unbecoming speeches fall. Dryden.

   -- Un`be*com"ing*ly, adv. -- Un`be*com"ing*ness, n.


   Un*bed" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + bed.] To raise or rouse from bed.

     Eels unbed themselves and stir at the noise of thunder. Wa


   Un`be*dinned" (?), a. Not filled with din.


   Un`be*fool"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + befool.] To deliver from the
   state of a fool; to awaken the mind of; to undeceive.


   Un`be*get"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  beget.]  To  deprive of
   existence. Dryden.


   Un`be*gilt" (?), a. Not gilded; hence, not rewarded with gold.

                              Unbegot, Unbegotten

   Un`be*got"  (?),  Un`be*got"ten  (?),  a.  [Pref.  un-  not  +  begot,
   begotten.]  Not  begot;  not  yet  generated;  also, having never been
   generated; self-existent; eternal.


   Un`be*guile"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Unbeguiled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Unbeguiling.]  [1st  pref.  un-  +  beguile.]  To  set  free  from the
   influence of guile; to undeceive. "Then unbeguile thyself." Donne.


   Un`be*gun" (?), a. Not yet begun; also, existing without a beginning.


   Un`be*hove"ly (?), a. Not behooving or becoming; unseemly. [Obs. & R.]


   Un*be"ing  (?),  a.  Not existing. [Obs.] "Beings yet unbeing." Sir T.


   Un`be*known" (?), a. Not known; unknown. [Colloq.]


   Un`be*lief" (?), n. [Pref. un- not + belief: cf. AS. ungele\'a0fa.]

   1. The withholding of belief; doubt; incredulity; skepticism.

   2.  Disbelief;  especially,  disbelief  of  divine revelation, or in a
   divine providence or scheme of redemption.

     Blind unbelief is sure to err, And scan his work in vain. Cowper.

   Syn. -- See Disbelief.


   Un`be*lieved" (?), a. Not believed; disbelieved.


   Un`be*liev"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who  does  not  believe;  an incredulous person; a doubter; a

   2.  A disbeliever; especially, one who does not believe that the Bible
   is a divine revelation, and holds that Christ was neither a divine nor
   a supernatural person; an infidel; a freethinker. Syn. -- See Infidel.


   Un`be*liev"ing, a.

   1. Not believing; incredulous; doubting; distrusting; skeptical.

   Page 1566

   2.   Believing   the  thing  alleged  no  to  be  true;  disbelieving;
   especially,  believing  that Bible is not a divine revelation, or that
   Christ  was not a divine or a supernatural person. "Unbelieving Jews."
   Acts xiv. 2. -- Un`be*liev"ing*ly (#), adv. -- -- Un`be*liev"ing*ness,


   Un*belt"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + belt.] To remove or loose the
   belt of; to ungird.


   Un*bend"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Unbent  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Unbending.] [1st pref. un- + bend.]

   1.  To  free  from  flexure; to make, or allow to become, straight; to
   loosen; as, to unbend a bow.

   2.  A remit from a strain or from exertion; to set at ease for a time;
   to relax; as, to unbend the mind from study or care.

     You do unbend your noble strength. Shak.

   3. (Naut.) (a) To unfasten, as sails, from the spars or stays to which
   they are attached for use. (b) To cast loose or untie, as a rope.


   Un*bend", v. i.

   1. To cease to be bent; to become straight or relaxed.

   2.  To  relax in exertion, attention, severity, or the like; hence, to
   indulge in mirth or amusement.


   Un*bend"ing,  a.  [In  senses 1, 2, and 3, pref. un- not + bending; in
   sense 4, properly p. pr. unbend.]

   1.  Not  bending;  not  suffering  flexure;  not yielding to pressure;
   stiff; -- applied to material things.

     Flies o'er unbending corn, and skims along the main. Pope.

   2.  Unyielding  in  will;  not  subject  to  persuasion  or influence;
   inflexible; resolute; -- applied to persons.

   3.  Unyielding  in nature; unchangeable; fixed; -- applied to abstract
   ideas; as, unbending truths.

   4. Devoted to relaxation or amusement. [R.]

     It may entertain your lordships at an unbending hour. Rowe.

   -- Un*bend"ing*ly, adv. -- Un*bend"ing*ness, n.


   Un`be*nev"o*lence (?), n. Absence or want of benevolence; ill will.


   Un`be*nign" (?), a. Not benign; malignant.


   Un`be*numb"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  benumb.] To relieve of
   numbness; to restore sensation to.


   Un`be*reav"en (?), a. Unbereft. [R.]


   Un`be*reft" (?), a. Not bereft; not taken away.


   Un`be*seem"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + beseem.] To be unbecoming or
   unsuitable to; to misbecome.


   Un`be*seem"ing,  a.  [Pref.  un-  not  +  beseeming.]  Unbecoming; not
   befitting. -- Un`be*seem"ing*ly, adv. -- Un`be*seem"ing*ness, n.


   Un`be*speak" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + bespeak.] To unsay; hence, to
   annul or cancel. [Obs.] Pepys.


   Un`be*think"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + bethink.] To change the mind
   of (one's self). [Obs.]


   Un`be*ware" (?), adv. Unawares. [Obs.] Bale.


   Un`be*witch"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + bewitch.] To free from a
   spell; to disenchant. [R.] South.


   Un*bi"as  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un- + bias.] To free from bias or
   prejudice. Swift.


   Un*bi"ased  (?), a. [Pref. un- + biased.] Free from bias or prejudice;
   unprejudiced; impartial. -- Un*bi"ased*ness, n.

                                Unbid, Unbidden

   Un*bid" (?), Un*bid"den (?), a.

   1. Not bidden; not commanded.

     Thorns  also and thistles it shall bring thee forth Unbid; and thou
     shalt eat the herb of the field. Milton.

   2. Uninvited; as, unbidden guests. Shak.

   3. Being without a prayer. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Un*bind"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Unbound (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Unbinding.]  [AS. unbindan. See Un-, and Bind.] To remove a band from;
   to  set  free  from  shackles or fastenings; to unite; to unfasten; to
   loose; as, unbind your fillets; to unbind a prisoner's arms; to unbind
   a load.


   Un*bish"op (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + bishop.] To deprive, as a city,
   of  a  bishop;  to  deprive,  as  a clergyman, of episcopal dignity or
   rights. [R.] "Then he unbishops himself." Milton.


   Un*bit" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Unbitted; p. pr. & vb. n. Unbitting.]
   [1st  pref.  un-  +  bit.]  (Naut.)  To remove the turns of (a rope or
   cable) from the bits; as, to unbit a cable. Totten.


   Un*blem"ished   (?),   a.   Not  blemished;  pure;  spotless;  as,  an
   unblemished reputation or life. Addison.


   Un*bless" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + bless.] To deprive of blessings;
   to make wretched. [Obs.] Shak.

                              Unblessed, Unblest

   Un*blessed",  Un*blest  (?),  a. [Pref. un- not + blessed, blest.] Not
   blest;   excluded   from   benediction;   hence,  accursed;  wretched.
   "Unblessed enchanter." Milton.


   Un*blest"ful (?), a. Unblessed. [R.] Sylvester.


   Un*blind"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + blind.] To free from blindness;
   to  give  or  restore  sight  to; to open the eyes of. [R.] J. Webster


   Un*blind"fold`  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + blindfold.] To free from
   that which blindfolds. Spenser.


   Un*blood"y  (?),  a.  Not  bloody.  Dryden.  Unbloody sacrifice. (a) A
   sacrifice in which no victim is slain. (b) (R. C. Ch.) The Mass.


   Un*blush"ing (?), a. Not blushing; shameless. -- Un*blush"ing*ly, adv.


   Un*bod"y  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + body.] To free from the body; to

     Her soul unbodied of the burdenous corse. Spenser.


   Un*bod"y,  v.  i. To leave the body; to be disembodied; -- said of the
   soul or spirit. [R.] Chaucer.


   Un*bolt"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + bolt.] To remove a bolt from; to
   unfasten; to unbar; to open. "He shall unbolt the gates." Shak.


   Un*bolt",  v.  i. To explain or unfold a matter; to make a revelation.
   [Obs.] "I will unbolt to you." Shak.


   Un*bone" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + bone.]

   1. To deprive of bones, as meat; to bone.

   2. To twist about, as if boneless. [R.] Milton.


   Un*bon"net (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + bonnet.] To take a bonnet from;
   to  take off one's bonnet; to uncover; as, to unbonnet one's head. Sir
   W. Scott.


   Un*booked" (?), a. Not written in a book; unrecorded. "UnbookedEnglish
   life." Masson.


   Un*boot"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + boot.] To take off the boots


   Un*born"  (?),  a.  Not born; no yet brought into life; being still to
   appear; future.

     Some unborn sorrow, ripe in fortune's womb. Shak.

     See future sons, and daughters yet unborn. Pope.


   Un*bor"rowed (?), a. Not borrowed; being one's own; native; original.


   Un*bos"om  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Unbosomed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Unbosoming.] [1st pref. un- + bosom.] To disclose freely; to reveal in
   confidence,  as secrets; to confess; -- often used reflexively; as, to
   unbosom one's self. Milton.


   Un*bos"om*er  (?),  n.  One  who  unbosoms,  or  discloses.  [R.]  "An
   unbosomer of secrets." Thackeray.


   Un*bot"tomed (?), a.

   1. [1st pref. un- + bottom + -ed.] Deprived of a bottom.

   2. [Pref. un- not + bottomed.] Having no bottom; bottomless. Milton.


   Un*bound" (?), imp. & p. p. of Unbind.


   Un*bound"a*bly (?), adv. Infinitely. [Obs.]

     I am . . . unboundably beholding to you. J. Webster (1607).


   Un*bound"ed,  a.  Having  no  bound or limit; as, unbounded space; an,
   unbounded    ambition.    Addison.    --   Un*bound"ed*ly,   adv.   --
   Un*bound"ed*ness, n.


   Un*bow" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + bow.] To unbend. [R.] Fuller.


   Un*bowed"  (?),  a.  [Pref.  un- not + bowed.] Not bent or arched; not
   bowed down. Byron.


   Un*bow"el (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Unboweled (?) or Unbowelled; p. pr.
   &  vb.  n.  Unboweling  or  Unbowelling.]  [1st pref. un- + bowel.] To
   deprive of the entrails; to disembowel. Dr. H. More.


   Un*box"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + box.] To remove from a box or


   Un*boy" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + boy.] To divest of the traits of a
   boy. [R.] Clarendon.


   Un*brace" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + brace.] To free from tension; to
   relax;  to  loose;  as,  to  unbrace  a  drum;  to unbrace the nerves.


   Un*braid"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + braid.] To separate the strands
   of; to undo, as a braid; to unravel; to disentangle.


   Un*breast"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + breast.] To disclose, or lay
   open; to unbosom. [Obs.] P. Fletcher,


   Un*breathed" (?), a.

   1. Not breathed.

   2.  Not  exercised;  unpracticed.  [Obs.] "Their unbreathed memories."


   Un*bred" (?), a.

   1. Not begotten; unborn. [Obs.] "Thou age unbred." Shak.

   2. Not taught or trained; -- with to. Dryden.

   3. Not well-bred; ill-bred. [Obs.] Locke.


   Un*breech"  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Unbreeched (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Unbreching.] [1st pref. un- + breech.]

   1. To remove the breeches of; to divest or strip of breeches. Shak.

   2.  (Gun.)  To free the breech of, as a cannon, from its fastenings or
   coverings. Pennant.


   Un*brewed"  (?),  a. Not made by brewing; unmixed; pure; genuine. [R.]


   Un*bri"dle  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un- + bridle.] To free from the
   bridle; to set loose.


   Un*bri"dled (?), a. [Pref. un- not + bridled.] Loosed from the bridle,
   or  as  from the bridle; hence, unrestrained; licentious; violent; as,
   unbridled passions. "Unbridled boldness." B. Jonson.

     Lands deluged by unbridled floods. Wordsworth.

   -- Un*bri"dled*ness, n. Abp. Leighton.


   Un*bro"ken  (?), a. Not broken; continuous; unsubdued; as, an unbroken


   Un*buc"kle  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + buckle.] To loose the buckles
   of;  to  unfasten;  as, to unbuckle a shoe. "Unbuckle anon thy purse."


   Un*build (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + build.] To demolish; to raze. "To
   unbuild the city." Shak.


   Un*bun"dle  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + bundle.] To release, as from a
   bundle; to disclose.


   Un*bung"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + bung.] To remove the bung from;
   as, to unbung a cask.


   Un*bur"den (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + burden.]

   1. To relieve from a burden.

   2. To throw off, as a burden; to unload.


   Un*bur"i*a*ble (?), a. Not ready or not proper to be buried. Tennyson.


   Un*bur"row  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + burrow.] To force from a
   burrow; to unearth.


   Un*bur"then  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + burthen.] To unburden; to


   Un*bur"y  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + bury.] To disinter; to exhume;
   fig., to disclose.


   Un*bus"ied (?), a. Not required to work; unemployed; not busy. [R.]

     These  unbusied  persons can continue in this playing idleness till
     it become a toil. Bp. Rainbow


   Un*but"ton  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + button.] To loose the buttons
   of; to unfasten.


   Un*bux"om  (?), a. Disobedient. [Obs.] Piers Plowman. -- Un*bux"om*ly,
   adv. [Obs.] -- Un*bux"om*ness, n. [Obs.]


   Un*cage"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + cage.] To loose, or release,
   from, or as from, a cage.


   Un*called"-for`  (?),  a.  Not  called  for;  not  required or needed;
   improper; gratuitous; wanton.


   Un*calm"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + calm.] To disturb; to disquiet.


   Un*camp"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + camp.] To break up the camp of;
   to dislodge from camp. [R.]

     If they could but now uncamp their enemies. Milton.


   Un*can"ny  (?),  a. Not canny; unsafe; strange; weird; ghostly. Sir W.
   Scott. -- Un*can"ni*ness, n. G. Eliot.


   Un*can"on*ize (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + canonize.]

   1. To deprive of canonical authority.

   2. To reduce from the rank of a canonized saint.


   Un*cap"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + cap.] To remove a cap or cover


   Un*ca"pa*ble  (?),  a.  Incapable.  [Obs.]  "Uncapable of conviction."


   Un*cape"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + cape.] To remove a cap or cape
   from. [Obs.]


   Un*cap"per  (?),  n.  An instrument for removing an explode cap from a
   cartridge shell.


   Un*car"di*nal  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + cardinal.] To degrade from
   the cardinalship.


   Un*cared" (?), a. Not cared for; not heeded; -- with for.


   Un*car"nate  (?),  a.  Not  fleshy;  specifically, not made flesh; not
   incarnate. [R.] Sir T. Browne.


   Un*car"nate (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + carnate.] To divest of flesh.


   Un*cart"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + cart.] To take from, or set free
   from, a cart; to unload.


   Un*case" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + case.]

   1.  To  take  out  of a case or covering; to remove a case or covering
   from; to uncover. L'Estrange.

   2. To strip; to flay. [Obs.]

   3. (Mil.) To display, or spread to view, as a flag, or the colors of a
   military body.


   Un*cas"tle (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + castle.] To take a castle from;
   to turn out of a castle.


   Un*caused"   (?),   a.   Having   no   antecedent   cause;  uncreated;
   self-existent; eternal. A. Baxter.


   Un*cau"te*lous (?), a. Incautious. [Obs.]


   Un*cau"tious (?), a. Incautious.


   Un*cau"tious*ly, adv. Incautiously.


   Unce (?), n. [L. uncus hook.] A claw. [Obs.]


   Unce,  n.  [L.  uncia  ounce.  See  Ounce a weight.] An ounce; a small
   portion. [Obs.] "By unces hung his locks." Chaucer.


   Un*ceas"a*ble (?), a. Not capable of being ended; unceasing. [R.]

                              Uncenter, Uncentre

   Un*cen"ter,  Un*cen"tre  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + center.] To throw
   from its center.


   Un*cen"tu*ry  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + century.] To remove from its
   actual century. [R.]

     It has first to uncentury itself. H. Drummond.


   Un*cer"tain (?), a. [Pref. un- + certain. Cf. Incertain.]

   1.  Not  certain;  not  having certain knowledge; not assured in mind;
   distrustful. Chaucer.

     Man, without the protection of a superior Being, . . . is uncertain
     of everything that he hopes for. Tillotson.

   2.  Irresolute; inconsonant; variable; untrustworthy; as, an uncertain
   person; an uncertain breeze.

     O  woman! in our hours of ease, Uncertain, coy, and hard to please!
     Sir W. Scott.

   3. Questionable; equivocal; indefinite; problematical. "The fashion of
   uncertain evils." Milton.

     From certain dangers to uncertain praise. Dryden.

   4. Not sure; liable to fall or err; fallible.

     Soon bent his bow, uncertain in his aim. Dryden.

     Whistling slings dismissed the uncertain stone. Gay.

   Syn. -- See Precarious.


   Un*cer"tain,  v. t. [1st pref. un- + certain; or fr. uncertain, a.] To
   make uncertain. [Obs.] Sir W. Raleigh.


   Un*cer"tain*ly, adv. In an uncertain manner.


   Un*cer"tain*ty (?), n.; pl. Uncertainties (.

   1. The quality or state of being uncertain.

   2. That which is uncertain; something unknown.

     Our  shepherd's  case  is  every  man's  case  that  quits  a moral
     certainty for an uncertainty. L'Estrange.


   Un*ces"sant  (?), a. Incessant. [Obs.] Dr. H. More. -- Un*ces"sant*ly,
   adv. [Obs.]


   Un*chain"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + chain.] To free from chains or
   slavery; to let loose. Prior.


   Un*chan"cy (?), a. [Pref un- + Scot. chancy fortunate, safe.]

   1. Happening at a bad time; unseasonable; inconvenient. A. Trollope.

   2. Ill-fated; unlucky. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

   3. Unsafe to meddle with; dangerous. [Scot.]


   Un*chap"lain  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + chaplain.] To remove from a


   Un*charge" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + charge.]

   1. To free from a charge or load; to unload. Wyclif.

   2.  To  free from an accusation; to make no charge against; to acquit.


   Un*char"i*ot  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + chariot.] To throw out of a
   chariot. Pope.


   Un*char"i*ta*ble  (?),  a. Not charitable; contrary to charity; severe
   in  judging;  harsh;  censorious;  as,  uncharitable opinions or zeal.
   Addison. -- Un*char"i*ta*ble*ness, n. -- Un*char"i*ta*bly, adv.


   Un*char"i*ty (?), n. Uncharitableness. Tennyson.

     'T were much uncharity in you. J. Webster.


   Un*charm" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + charm.] To release from a charm,
   fascination, or secret power; to disenchant. Beau. & Fl.


   Un*char"nel  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Uncharneled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Uncharneling.]  [1st  pref.  un-  + charnel.] To remove from a charnel
   house; to raise from the grave; to exhume. Byron.


   Un*chaste"  (?),  a. Not chaste; not continent; lewd. -- Un*chaste"ly,
   adv. -- Un*chaste"ness, n.


   Un*chas"ti*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  unchaste;
   lewdness; incontinence.


   Un*check"a*ble (?), a. Not capable of being checked or stopped. [R.]


   Un*child" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + child.]

   1. To bereave of children; to make childless. Shak.

   2.  To  make  unlike  a  child;  to divest of the characteristics of a
   child. Bp. Hall.


   Un*chris"ten  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  christen.]  To render
   unchristian. [Obs. & R.] Milton.

   Page 1567


   Un*chris"tened  (?),  a. [Pref. un- not + christened.] Not christened;
   as, an unchristened child.


   Un*chris"tian (?), a. [Pref. un- not + Christian.]

   1. Not Christian; not converted to the Christian faith; infidel.

   2.  Contrary  to  Christianity;  not like or becoming a Christian; as,
   unchristian conduct.


   Un*chris"tian, v. t. [1st pref. un- + Christian.] To make unchristian.
   [Obs.] South.


   Un*chris"tian*ize  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + Christianize.] To turn
   from  the  Christian  faith;  to  cause  to  abandon  the  belief  and
   profession of Christianity.


   Un*chris"tian*ly, a. Unchristian. Milton.


   Un*chris"tian*ly, adv. In an unchristian manner.


   Un*chris"tian*ness, n. The quality or state of being unchristian. [R.]
   Eikon Basilike.


   Un*church" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + church.]

   1.  To  expel,  or cause to separate, from a church; to excommunicate.
   Sir M. Hale.

   2. To deprive of the character, privileges, and authority of a church.


   Un"ci*a (?), n.; pl. Unci\'91 (#). [L. See Ounce a measure of weight.]

   1. (Rom. Antiq.) A twelfth part, as of the Roman as; an ounce.

   2.  (Alg.)  A  numerical  coefficient  in  any  particular case of the
   binomial theorem. [Obs.]


   Un"cial  (?), a. [L. uncialis amounting to the twelfth part of a pound
   or  a  foot,  from  uncia the twelfth part of a pound or of a foot, an
   ounce, an inch: cf. F. oncial. See Inch a measure.] Of, pertaining to,
   or   designating,   a   certain  style  of  letters  used  in  ancient
   manuscripts,  esp.  in  Greek  and  Latin manuscripts. The letters are
   somewhat  rounded,  and  the  upstrokes and downstrokes usually have a
   slight  inclination.  These  letters  were  used  as  early as the 1st
   century  b.  c.,  and  were  seldom used after the 10th century a. d.,
   being superseded by the cursive style.


   Un"cial, n. An uncial letter.


   Un`ci*a"tim (?), adv. [L.] Ounce by ounce.


   Un"ci*form  (?),  a.  [L. uncus a hook + -form.] Having the shape of a
   hook;  being  of  a  curved  or  hooked  from; hooklike. Unciform bone
   (Anat.),  a  bone  of  the carpus at the bases of the fourth and fifth
   metacarpals; the hamatum.


   Un"ci*form,   n.   (Anat.)   The   unciform   bone.   See  Illust.  of


   Un`ci*na"ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL., fr. L. uncinus a hook.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   division  of  marine  ch\'91topod  annelids  which  are furnished with
   uncini, as the serpulas and sabellas.


   Un"ci*nate  (?),  a.  [L. uncinatus, from uncinus a hook, from uncus a
   hook.]  Hooked; bent at the tip in the form of a hook; as, an uncinate


   Un`ci*na"tum  (?),  n.  [NL.,  from  L. uncinatus hooked.] (Anat.) The
   unciform bone.


   Un*ci"nus (?), n.; pl. Uncini (#). [L., a hook.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the
   peculiar  minute chitinous hooks found in large numbers in the tori of
   tubicolous annelids belonging to the Uncinata.


   Un*ci"pher  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + cipher.] To decipher; as, to
   uncipher a letter. [Obs.] Sir W. Temple.


   Un*cir"cum*cised   (?),   n.   Not  circumcised;  hence,  not  of  the
   Israelites. "This uncircumcised Philistine." 1 Sam. xvii. 26.


   Un*cir`cum*ci"sion (?), n.

   1. The absence or want of circumcision.

   2. (Script.) People not circumcised; the Gentiles.


   Un*cir`cum*stand"tial (?), a.

   1. Not circumstantial; not entering into minute particulars.

   2. Not important; not pertinent; trivial. [Obs.]


   Un*cit"y  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + city.] To deprive of the rank or
   rights of a city. [Obs.]


   Un*civ"il (?), a.

   1. Not civilized; savage; barbarous; uncivilized.

     Men  can  not  enjoy  the rights of an uncivil and of a civil state
     together. Burke.

   2.   Not   civil;   not  complaisant;  discourteous;  impolite;  rude;
   unpolished; as, uncivil behavior.


   Un`ci*vil"i*ty (?), n. Incivility. [Obs.]


   Un*civ`i*li*za"tion  (?),  n. The state of being uncivilized; savagery
   or barbarism. [R.]


   Un*civ"i*lized (?), a.

   1.  Not  civilized;  not  reclaimed from savage life; rude; barbarous;
   savage; as, the uncivilized inhabitants of Central Africa.

   2. Not civil; coarse; clownish. [R.] Addison.


   Un*civ"il*ty, adv. In an uncivil manner.


   Un*clasp"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + clasp.] To loose the clasp of;
   to  open,  as  something that is fastened, or as with, a clasp; as, to
   unclasp a book; to unclasp one's heart.


   Un"cle  (?),  n.  [OE.  uncle,  OF.  oncle,  uncle,  F.  oncle, fr. L.
   avunculus  a maternal uncle, dim. of avus a grandfather; akin to Lith.
   avynas uncle, Goth. aw grandmother, Icel. \'bei great grandfather.]

   1.  The  brother  of one's father or mother; also applied to an aunt's
   husband; -- the correlative of aunt in sex, and of nephew and niece in

   2. A pawnbroker. [Slang] Thackeray.
   My  uncle,  a pawnbroker. [Slang] -- Uncle Sam, a humorous appellation
   given to the United States Government. See Uncle Sam, in Dictionary of
   Noted Names in Fiction.


   Un*clean" (?), a. [AS. uncl. See Unnot, and Clean.]

   1. Not clean; foul; dirty; filthy.

   2. Ceremonially impure; needing ritual cleansing.

     He  that  toucheth  the dead body of any man shall be unclean seven
     days. Num. xix. 11.

   3.  Morally  impure.  "Adultery of the heart, consisting of inordinate
   and   unclean   affections."   Perkins.   --   Un*clean"ly,   adv.  --
   Un*clean"ness, n.
   Unclean  animals  (Script.), those which the Israelites were forbidden
   to  use  for  food.  --  Unclean  spirit (Script.), a wicked spirit; a
   demon. Mark i. 27.


   Un*cleans"a*ble (?), a. Incapable of being cleansed or cleaned.


   Un*clench" (?), v. t. Same as Unclinch.


   Un"cle*ship (?), n. The office or position of an uncle. Lamb.


   Un*clew"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + clew.] To unwind, unfold, or
   untie; hence, to undo; to ruin. Shak.


   Un*clinch"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + clinch.] To cause to be no
   longer  clinched;  to  open;  as,  to unclinch the fist. [Written also


   Un*cling"  (?),  v. i. [1st pref. un- + cling.] To cease from clinging
   or adhering. [Obs.] Milton.


   Un*cloak"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + cloak.] To remove a cloak or
   cover from; to deprive of a cloak or cover; to unmask; to reveal.


   Un*cloak", v. i. To remove, or take off, one's cloak.


   Un*clog",  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + clog.] To disencumber of a clog, or
   of difficulties and obstructions; to free from encumbrances; to set at
   liberty. Shak.


   Un*clois"ter  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + cloister.] To release from a
   cloister, or from confinement or seclusion; to set free; to liberate.


   Un*close" (?), v. t. & i. [1st pref. un- + close.]

   1.  To  open;  to  separate  the parts of; as, to unclose a letter; to
   unclose one's eyes.

   2. To disclose; to lay open; to reveal.


   Un*closed" (?), a. [Pref. un- not + closed.]

   1. Not separated by inclosures; open. Clarendon.

   2. Not finished; not concluded. [R.] Madison.

   3. Not closed; not sealed; open. Byron.


   Un*clothe" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + clothe.] To strip of clothes or
   covering; to make naked. I. Watts.

     [We]  do  groan being burdened; not for that we would be unclothed,
     but clothed upon. 2 Cor. v. 4.


   Un*clothed" (?), a.

   1.  [Properly  p.  p.  of unclothe.] Divested or stripped of clothing.

   2. [Pref. un- not + clothed.] Not yet clothed; wanting clothes; naked.
   -- Un*cloth"ed*ly (#), adv. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Un*cloud"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + cloud.] To free from clouds; to
   unvail;  to  clear from obscurity, gloom, sorrow, or the like. Beau. &


   Un*clue" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + clue.] To unwind; to untangle.


   Un*clutch" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + clutch.]

   1.  To  open,  as something closely shut. "Unclutch his griping hand."
   Dr. H. More.

   2. (Mech.) To disengage, as a clutch.


   Un"co  (?),  a. [Scot. The same word as E. uncouth.] Unknown; strange,
   or  foreign;  unusual,  or  surprising;  distant  in manner; reserved.


   Un"co, adv. In a high degree; to a great extent; greatly; very. [Prov.
   Eng. & Scot.]


   Un"co, n. A strange thing or person. [Scot.]


   Un*coach"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + coach.] To detach or loose from
   a coach. [Obs.] Chapman.


   Un*cock" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + cock.]

   1. To let down the cock of, as a firearm.

   2. To deprive of its cocked shape, as a hat, etc.

   3. To open or spread from a cock or heap, as hay.


   Un*cof"fle (?; 115), v. t. [1st pref. un- + coffle.] To release from a


   Un*coif"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + coif.] To deprive of the coif or
   cap. Young.


   Un*coil"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + coil.] To unwind or open, as a
   coil of rope. Derham.


   Un*coined" (?), a.

   1. Not coined, or minted; as, uncoined silver. Locke.

   2.  Not fabricated; not artificial or counterfeit; natural. "Plain and
   uncoined constancy." Shak.


   Un*colt"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + colt.] To unhorse. [Obs. & R.]


   Un`com*bine"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + combine.] To separate, as
   substances  in combination; to release from combination or union. [R.]


   Un`come*at"a*ble  (?), a. Not to be come at, or reached; inaccessible.
   [Colloq.] Addison.

     My honor is infallible and uncomeatable. Congreve.


   Un*come"ly  (?),  a. Not comely. -- adv. In an uncomely manner. 1 Cor.
   vii. 36.


   Un*com"fort*a*ble (?), a.

   1.  Feeling  discomfort; uneasy; as, to be uncomfortable on account of
   one's position.

   2.  Causing discomfort; disagreeable; unpleasant; as, an uncomfortable
   seat or situation.

     The most dead, uncomfortable time of the year. Addison.

   -- Un*com"fort*a*ble*ness, n. -- Un*com"fort*a*bly, adv.


   Un*com"mon  (?),  a.  Not  common;  unusual;  infrequent; rare; hence,
   remarkable;  strange;  as,  an  uncommon season; an uncommon degree of
   cold  or  heat;  uncommon  courage.  Syn. -- Rare; scarce; infrequent;
   unwonted. -- Un*com"mon*ly, adv. -- Un*com"mon*ness, n.


   Un`com*plete" (?), a. Incomplete. Pope.


   Un*com`pre*hend  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  un-  +  comprehend.]  To  fail to
   comprehend. [R.] Daniel.


   Un*com`pre*hen"sive (?), a.

   1. Unable to comprehend.

     Narrow-spirited, uncomprehensive zealots. South.

   2. Incomprehensible. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*com"pro*mi`sing  (?),  a.  Not  admitting  of compromise; making no
   truce   or   concessions;   obstinate;   unyielding;   inflexible.  --
   Un*com"pro*mi`sing*ly, adv.


   Un`con*ceiv"a*ble    (?),   a.   Inconceivable.   [Obs.]   Locke.   --
   Un`con*ceiv"a*ble*ness, n. [Obs.] -- Un`con*ceiv"a*bly, adv. [Obs.]


   Un`con*cern" (?), n. Want of concern; absence of anxiety; freedom from
   solicitude; indifference.

     A  listless unconcern, Cold, and averting from our neighbor's good.


   Un`con*cerned"  (?), a. Not concerned; not anxious or solicitous; easy
   in mind; carelessly secure; indifferent; as, to be unconcerned at what
   has happened; to be unconcerned about the future. -- Un`con*cern"ed*ly
   (#), adv. -- Un`con*cern"ed*ness, n.

     Happy mortals, unconcerned for more. Dryden.


   Un`con*cern"ing,  a.  Not interesting of affecting; insignificant; not
   belonging to one. [Obs.] Addison.


   Un`con*cern"ment  (?), n. The state of being unconcerned, or of having
   no share or concern; unconcernedness. [Obs.] South.

                          Unconcludent, Unconcluding

   Un`con*clud"ent  (?),  Un`con*clud"ing  (?),  a.  Inconclusive. [Obs.]
   Locke. -- Un`con*clud"ing*ness, n. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.


   Un`con*clu"sive (?), a. Inconclusive. [Obs.]


   Un`con*di"tion*al  (?),  a.  Not  conditional limited, or conditioned;
   made  without  condition;  absolute;  unreserved; as, an unconditional

     O,  pass  not,  Lord,  an  absolute  decree,  Or  bind thy sentence
     unconditional. Dryden.

   -- Un`con*di"tion*al*ly, adv.


   Un`con*di"tioned (?), a.

   1. Not conditioned or subject to conditions; unconditional.

   2.  (Metaph.)  Not  subject  to  condition  or  limitations; infinite;
   absolute; hence, inconceivable; incogitable. Sir W. Hamilton.
   The  unconditioned  (Metaph.),  all  that  which  is inconceivable and
   beyond  the  realm  of reason; whatever is inconceivable under logical
   forms or relations.


   Un*con"fi*dence (?), n. Absence of confidence; uncertainty; doubt.


   Un`co*form" (?), a. Unlike. [Obs.]

     Not unconform to other shining globes. Milton.


   Un`co*form`a*bil"i*ty, n.

   1. The quality or state of being unconformable; unconformableness.

   2.  (Geol.)  Want  of  parallelism  between  one  series of strata and
   another,  especially  when due to a disturbance of the position of the
   earlier strata before the latter were deposited.


   Un`con*form"a*ble (?), a.

   1. Not conformable; not agreeable; not conforming.

     Moral evil is an action unconformable to it [the rule of our duty].
     I. Watts.

   2.  (Geol.)  Not  conformable;  not  lying in a parallel position; as,
   unconformable     strata.    --    Un`con*form"a*ble*ness,    n.    --
   Un`con*form"a*bly, adv.


   Un`con*form"ist, n. A nonconformist. [Obs.]


   Un`con*form"i*ty, n.

   1. Want of conformity; incongruity; inconsistency. South.

   2. (Geol.) Want of parallelism between strata in contact.

     NOTE: &hand; Wi th so me au thors un conformity is  eq uivalent to 
     unconformability;  but  it is often used more broadly, for example,
     to include the case when the parallelism of strata once conformable
     has been disturbed by faulting and the like.


   Un`con*found" (?), v. t. [1st un- + confound.] To free from a state of
   confusion, or of being confounded. Milton.


   Un`con*found"ed  (?), a. [Pref. un- not + confounded.] Not confounded.
   Bp. Warburton.


   Un`con*geal" (?), v. i. [1st un- + congeal.] To thaw; to become liquid
   again. Tennyson.


   Un*con"ning  (?),  a.  Not  knowing;  ignorant.  [Obs.] Chaucer. -- n.
   Ignorance. [Obs.]


   Un*con"quer*a*ble   (?),   a.   Not   conquerable;   indomitable.   --
   Un*con"quer*a*bly, adv.


   Un*con"scion*a*ble (?), a.

   1. Not conscionable; not conforming to reason; unreasonable; exceeding
   the  limits of any reasonable claim or expectation; inordinate; as, an
   unconscionable person or demand; unconscionable size.

     Which  use  of  reason,  most reasonless and unconscionable, is the
     utmost that any tyrant ever pretended. Milton.

     His  giantship  is  gone  somewhat  crestfallen, Stalking with less
     unconscionable strides. Milton.

   2. Not guided by, or conformed to, conscience. [Obs.]

     Ungenerous as well as unconscionable practices. South.

   -- Un*con"scion*a*ble*ness, n. -- Un*con"scion*a*bly, adv.


   Un*con"scious (?), a.

   1.   Not  conscious;  having  no  consciousness  or  power  of  mental
   perception;  without  cerebral  appreciation;  hence,  not  knowing or
   regarding; ignorant; as, an unconscious man. Cowper.

   2.  Not  known  or  apprehended  by  consciousness; as, an unconscious
   cerebration. "Unconscious causes." Blackmore.

   3.  Having  no  knowledge by experience; -- followed by of; as, a mule
   unconscious   of   the   yoke.  Pope.  --  Un*con"scious-ly,  adv.  --
   Un*con"scious*ness, n.

   Page 1568


   Un*con"se*crate (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + consecrate.] To render not
   sacred;  to deprive of sanctity; to desecrate. [Obs.]<-- deconsecrate?
   --> South.


   Un*con`se*quen"tial (?), a. Inconsequential. Johnson.


   Un`con*sid"er*ate  (?),  a.  Inconsiderate; heedless; careless. [Obs.]
   Daniel. -- Un`con*sid"er*ate*ness, n. [Obs.] Hales.


   Un`con*sid"ered  (?),  a. Not considered or attended to; not regarded;
   inconsiderable; trifling.

     A snapper-up of unconsidered trifles. Shak.


   Un*con"so*nant   (?),   a.   Incongruous;   inconsistent.   "A   thing
   unconsonant.' Hooker.


   Un`con*spic"u*ous (?), a. Inconspicuous. [R.] Ed. Rev.


   Un*con"stan*cy  (?),  n.  Inconstancy.  [Obs.] "The unconstancy of the
   foundation." Fuller.


   Un*con"stant  (?),  a.  Not  constant; inconstant; fickle; changeable.
   [Obs.]  Shak. -- Un*con"stant*ly, adv. [Obs.] -- Un*con"stant*ness, n.


   Un*con`sti*tu"tion*al (?), a. Not constitutional; not according to, or
   consistent  with,  the terms of a constitution of government; contrary
   to  the  constitution;  as,  an  unconstitutional  law,  or  act of an
   officer.    Burke.    --   Un*con`sti*tu"tion*al"i*ty   (#),   n.   --
   Un*con`sti*tu"tion*al-ly (#), adv.


   Un`con*straint" (?), n. Freedom from constraint; ease. Felton.


   Un`con*sum"mate  (?),  a.  Not  consummated;  not accomplished. [Obs.]


   Un`con*test"a*ble (?), a. Incontestable.


   Un*con"ti*nent (?), a. Not continent; incontinent. Wyclif (2 Tim. iii.


   Un`con*trol"la*ble (?), a.

   1.  Incapable  of being controlled; ungovernable; irresistible; as, an
   uncontrollable temper; uncontrollable events.

   2.   Indisputable;  irrefragable;  as,  an  uncontrollable  maxim;  an
   uncontrollable  title.  [R.]  Swift. -- Un`con*trol"la*ble*ness, n. --
   Un`con*trol"la*bly, adv.


   Un*con`tro*ver"so*ry  (?),  a.  Not  involving controversy. [Obs.] Bp.


   Un*con`tro*ver"ti*ble (?), a. Incontrovertible.


   Un*con`tro*ver"ti*bly, adv. Incontrovertibly.


   Un`con*ven"ient  (?),  a.  Inconvenient.  Bale. -- Un`con*ven"ient*ly,
   adv. Udall.


   Un`con*ver"sion  (?),  n. The state of being unconverted; impenitence.


   Un`con*vert"ed (?), a.

   1. Not converted or exchanged.

   2. Not changed in opinion, or from one faith to another. Specifically:
   --  (a)  Not  persuaded  of  the  truth  of  the  Christian  religion;
   heathenish. Hooker. (b) Unregenerate; sinful; impenitent. Baxter.


   Un*cord"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + cord.] To release from cords; to
   loosen  the  cord  or cords of; to unfasten or unbind; as, to uncord a


   Un*cork" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + cork.] To draw the cork from; as,
   to uncork a bottle.


   Un`cor*rect" (?), a. Incorrect. Dryden.


   Un*cor"ri*gi*ble  (?),  a.  Incorrigible;  not  capable of correction.


   Un`cor*rupt" (?), a. Incorrupt.


   Un`cor*rupt"i*ble   (?),   a.   Incorruptible.   "The   glory  of  the
   uncorruptible God." Rom. i. 23.


   Un`cor*rup"tion (?), n. Incorruption.


   Un*cou"ple  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + couple.] To loose, as dogs,
   from their couples; also, to set loose; to disconnect; to disjoin; as,
   to uncouple railroad cars.


   Un*cou"ple, v. i. To roam at liberty. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un*court"li*ness  (?), n. Absence of courtliness; rudeness; rusticity.


   Un"cous  (?),  a.  [L. uncus hooked, as n., a hook.] Hooklike; hooked.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Un*couth" (?), a. [OE. uncouth, AS. unc unknown, strange: un- (see Un-
   not)  +  c known, p. p. of cunnan to know. See Can to be able, and cf.
   Unco, Unked.]

   1. Unknown. [Obs.] "This uncouth errand." Milton.

     To  leave  the  good that I had in hand, In hope of better that was
     uncouth. Spenser.

   2. Uncommon; rare; exquisite; elegant. [Obs.]

     Harness . . . so uncouth and so rish. Chaucer.

   3.  Unfamiliar;  strange;  hence,  mysterious;  dreadful;  also,  odd;
   awkward; boorish; as, uncouth manners. "Uncouth in guise and gesture."
   I. Taylor.

     I am surprised with an uncouth fear. Shak.

     Thus sang the uncouth swain. Milton.

   Syn. -- See Awkward. -- Un*couth"ly, adv. -- Un*couth"ness, n.


   Un*cov"e*na*ble  (?), a. Not covenable; inconvenient. [Obs.] Wyclif (1
   Tim. iv. 7).


   Un*cov"e*nant*ed (?), a.

   1.  Not  covenanted;  not  granted  or  entered into under a covenant,
   agreement, or contract. Bp. Horsley.

   2.  Not  having  joined  in  a  league,  or  assented to a covenant or
   agreement, as to the Solemn League and Covenant of the Scottish people
   in the times of the Stuarts.

     In  Scotland  a  few  fanatical  nonjurors  may  have grudged their
     allegiance to an uncovenanted king. Sir T. E. May.

   3.  (Theol.) Not having entered into relationship with God through the
   appointed  means of grace; also, not promised or assured by the divine
   promises or conditions; as, uncovenanted mercies.


   Un*cov"er  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Uncovered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Uncovering.] [1st pref. un- + cover.]

   1.  To  take  the  cover from; to divest of covering; as, to uncover a
   box, bed, house, or the like; to uncover one's body.

   2.  To show openly; to disclose; to reveal. "To uncover his perjury to
   the oath of his coronation." Milton.

   3.  To  divest  of the hat or cap; to bare the head of; as, to uncover
   one's head; to uncover one's self.


   Un*cov"er (?), v. i.

   1. To take off the hat or cap; to bare the head in token of respect.

     We are forced to uncover after them. Addison.

   2. To remove the covers from dishes, or the like.

     Uncover, dogs, and lap. Shak.


   Un*cowl"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + cowl.] To divest or deprive of a
   cowl. Pope.


   Un`cre*ate"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  create.] To deprive of
   existence; to annihilate.

     Who can uncreate thee, thou shalt know. Milton.


   Un`cre*ate" (?), a. [Pref. un- + create, a.] Uncreated; self-existent.
   Book of Common Prayer.


   Un`cre*at"ed,  a. [In sense 1, properly p. p. of uncreate; in senses 2
   and 3, pref. un- + created.]

   1. Deprived of existence; annihilated. Beau. & Fl.

   2. Not yet created; as, misery uncreated. Milton.

   3.  Not  existing  by  creation; self-existent; eternal; as, God is an
   uncreated being. Locke.


   Un`cre*at"ed*ness, n. The quality or state of being uncreated.


   Un*cred"i*ble (?), a. Incredible. Bacon.


   Un*cred"it  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  credit.] To cause to be
   disbelieved; to discredit. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Un*cred"it*a*ble (?), a. Discreditable. [Obs.]


   Un*crown"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + crown.] To deprive of a crown;
   to take the crown from; hence, to discrown; to dethrone.

     He  hath  done  me  wrong,  And therefore I'll uncrown him ere't be
     long. Shak.


   Un*crud"ded (?), a. [See Un- not, and Curd.] Not cruddled, or curdled.

     Her breast like to a bowl of cream uncrudded. Spenser.


   Unc"tion  (?),  n.  [OE.  unccioun,  uncioun,  OF. oncion, onction, F.
   onction, fr. L. unctio, fr. ungere, unctum, to anoint. See Unguent.]

   1. The act of anointing, smearing, or rubbing with an unguent, oil, or
   ointment,   especially  for  medical  purposes,  or  as  a  symbol  of
   consecration; as, mercurial unction.

     To  be  heir, and to be king By sacred unction, thy deserved right.

   2.  That  which is used for anointing; an unguent; an ointment; hence,
   anything soothing or lenitive.

     The king himself the sacred unction made. Dryden.

     Lay not that flattering unction to your soul. Shak.

   3. Divine or sanctifying grace. [R.]

   4.  That  quality  in  language,  address,  or the like, which excites
   emotion; especially, strong devotion; religious fervor and tenderness;
   sometimes, a simulated, factitious, or unnatural fervor.

     The  delightful  equivoque  and unction of the passage in Farquhar.

     The mention of thy glory Is unction to the breast. Neale (Rhythm of
     St. Bernard).

   Extreme  unction  (R. C. Ch. & Gr. Ch.), the sacrament of anointing in
   the  last hours; the application of consecrated oil by a priest to all
   the  senses,  that is, to eyes, ears, nostrils, etc., of a person when
   in danger of death from illness, -- done for remission of sins. [James
   v. 14, 15.]


   Unc"tious (?), a. Unctuous. [Obs.]


   Unc`tu*os"i*ty  (?;  135), n. [Cf. F. onctuosit\'82.] Quality or state
   of being unctuous. Sir T. Browne.


   Unc"tu*ous  (?;  135),  a.  [F. onctueux, LL. unctuosus, fr. L. unctus
   anointment, fr. ungere, unctum, to anoint. See Unguent.]

   1.  Of  the  nature or quality of an unguent or ointment; fatty; oily;
   greasy. "The unctuous cheese." Longfellow.

   2. Having a smooth, greasy feel, as certain minerals.

   3.  Bland;  suave;  also,  tender;  fervid;  as,  an  unctuous speech;
   sometimes,  insincerely  suave  or  fervid.  -- Unc"tu*ous*ly, adv. --
   Unc"tu*ous*ness, n.


   Un*cul"pa*ble (?), a. Inculpable; not blameworthy. [R.] Hooker.


   Un*cult"  (?),  a.  [Pref.  un-  not  +  L. cultus, p. p. of colere to
   cultivate. Cf. Incult.] Not cultivated; rude; illiterate. [Obs.]


   Un*cul"ture (?; 135), n. Want of culture. "Idleness, ill husbandry . .
   . unculture." Bp. Hall.


   Un*cun"ning (?), a. Ignorant. [Obs.]

     I am young and uncunning, as thou wost [knowest]. Chaucer.


   Un*cun"ning*ly, adv. Ignorantly. [Obs.]


   Un*cun"ning*ness, n. Ignorance. [Obs.]


   Un*cur"a*ble (?), a. Incurable.


   Un*cur"a*bly, adv. In an uncurable manner.


   Un*curb"a*ble (?), a. Not capable of being curbed. Shak.


   Un*curl"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + curl.] To loose from curls, or
   ringlets; to straighten out, as anything curled or curly.

     He sheaths his paw, uncurls his angry mane. Dryden.


   Un*curl", v. i. To become uncurled, or straight.


   Un*cur"rent  (?),  a. Not current. Specifically: Not passing in common
   payment;  not  receivable  at  par or full value; as, uncurrent notes.


   Un*curse"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + curse.] To free from a curse or
   an execration. Shak.


   Un*cur"tain  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + curtain.] To remove a curtain
   from; to reveal. Moore.


   Un"cus (?), n.; pl. Unci (#). [L.] (Zo\'94l.) A hook or claw.


   Un*cus"tom*a*ble (?), a. Not customable, or subject to custom duties.


   Un*cus"tomed  (?),  a.  Uncustomable;  also,  not  having paid duty or
   customs. Smollett.


   Un*cut" (?), a.

   1.  Not cut; not separated or divided by cutting or otherwise; -- said
   especially  of  books, periodicals, and the like, when the leaves have
   not been separated by trimming in binding.

   2.  Not  ground,  or otherwise cut, into a certain shape; as, an uncut
   Uncut  velvet,a  fabric  woven  like velvet, but with the loops of the
   warp threads uncut.


   Un*cuth" (?), a. Unknown; strange. [Obs.] -- n. A stranger. [Obs.]


   Un*cy"pher (?), v. t. See Uncipher.


   Un*dam"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + dam.] To free from a dam, mound,
   or other obstruction. Dryden.


   Un*damp"ned (?), a. Uncondemned. [Obs.] Wyclif (Acts xvi. 37).


   Un"da*ted  (?),  a.  [L. undatus, p. p. of undare to rise in waves, to
   wave,  to  undulate, fr. unda a wave. See Undulate.] (Bot.) Rising and
   falling in waves toward the margin, as a leaf; waved.


   Un*dat"ed  (?),  a. [Pref. un- + dated.] Not dated; having no date; of
   unknown age; as, an undated letter.


   Un*daunt"a*ble (?), a. Incapable of being daunted; intrepid; fearless;
   indomitable. Bp. Hall.


   Un*daunt"ed  (?),  a.  Not  daunted; not subdued or depressed by fear.
   Shak.   Syn.  --  Bold;  fearless;  brave;  courageous;  intrepid.  --
   Un*daunt"ed*ly, adv. -- Un*daunt"ed*ness, n.


   Un"d\'82  (?),  a.  [F. ond\'82.] (Her.) Waving or wavy; -- applied to
   ordinaries, or division lines.


   Un*dead"ly   (?),  a.  Not  subject  to  death;  immortal.  [Obs.]  --
   Un*dead"li*ness, n. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un*deaf"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + deaf.] To free from deafness; to
   cause to hear. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*dec"a*gon  (?), n. [L. undecim eleven + Gr. (Geom.) A figure having
   eleven angles and eleven sides.


   Un"de*cane  (?), n. [L. undecim eleven.] (Chem.) A liquid hydrocarbon,
   C11H24,  of  the methane series, found in petroleum; -- so called from
   its containing eleven carbon atoms in the molecule.


   Un`de*ceive"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + deceive.] To cause to be no
   longer  deceived;  to free from deception, fraud, fallacy, or mistake.


   Un*de"cen*cy  (?),  n. Indecency. [Obs.] "Decency and undecency." Jer.


   Un`de*cen"na*ry  (?),  a.  [L. undecim eleven (unus one + decem ten) +
   -ennary  as  in  decennary.  Cf. Undecennial.] Occurring once in every
   period of eleven years; undecennial.

     An undecennary account laid before Parliament. E. Stiles.


   Un`de*cen"ni*al   (?),   a.  [See  Undecennary,  and  cf.  Decennial.]
   Occurring   or   observed   every  eleventh  year;  belonging  to,  or
   continuing,  a period of eleven years; undecennary; as, an undecennial


   Un*de"cent (?), a. Indecent. [Obs.]


   Un`de*cide" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + decide.] To reverse or recant,
   as a previous decision.


   Un`de*ci"sive (?), a. Indecisive. [R.] Glanvill.


   Un*deck"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + deck.] To divest of ornaments.


   Un*decked (?), a.

   1. Not decked; unadorned.

     [Eve] undecked, save with herself, more lovely fair. Milton.

   2. Not having a deck; as, an undecked vessel.


   Un`de*col"ic (?), a. [Undecylenic + propiolic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to,
   or  designating,  an  acid,  C11H18O2,  of  the propiolic acid series,
   obtained  indirectly  from  undecylenic  acid  as  a white crystalline


   Un`de*creed" (?), a.

   1. [Pref. un- not + decreed.] Not decreed.

   2.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  decree.]  Reversed or nullified by decree, as
   something previously decreed.


   Un"de*cyl  (?),  n.  [Undecane + -yl.] (Chem.) The radical regarded as
   characteristic of undecylic acid.


   Un*dec`y*len"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid
   C11H20O2,  homologous  with  acrylic  acid,  and  obtained  as a white
   crystalline substance by the distillation of castor oil.


   Un`de*cyl"ic  (?), a. (Chem.) Related to, derived from, or containing,
   undecyl;  specifically,  designating  that  member  of the fatty acids
   which  corresponds to undecane, and is obtained as a white crystalline
   substance, C11H22O2.


   Un*deed"ed (?), a.

   1. Not deeded or transferred by deed; as, undeeded land.

   2. Not made famous by any great action. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un`de*fat"i*ga*ble   (?),   a.  Indefatigable.  [Obs.]  "Undefatigable
   pains." Camden.


   Un`de*fea"si*ble (?), a. Indefeasible. [Obs.]


   Un`de*fine"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + define.] To make indefinite;
   to obliterate or confuse the definition or limitations of.


   Un*de"i*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + deify.] To degrade from the
   state  of deity; to deprive of the character or qualities of a god; to
   deprive of the reverence due to a god. Addison.


   Un`de*ni"a*ble (?), a.

   1.  Not  deniable;  incapable  of denial; palpably true; indisputable;
   obvious; as, undeniable evidence.

   2.   Unobjectionable;   unquestionably  excellent;  as,  a  person  of
   undeniable connections. [Colloq.] G. Eliot.


   Un`de*ni"a*bly, adv. In an undeniable manner.


   Un`de*part"a*ble  (?),  a.  Incapable  of  being  parted; inseparable.
   [Obs.] Chaucer. Wyclif.


   Un"der (?), prep. [AS. under, prep. & adv.; akin to OFries. under, OS.
   undar,  D. onder, G. unter, OHG. untar, Icel. undir, Sw. & Dan. under,
   Goth.  undar,  L.  infra  below,  inferior  lower,  Skr.  adhas below.
   &root;201. Cf. Inferior.]

   1.  Below  or  lower,  in  place  or  position, with the idea of being
   covered; lower than; beneath; -- opposed to over; as, he stood under a
   tree;  the  carriage  is under cover; a cellar extends under the whole

     Fruit  put  in  bottles,  and the bottles let down into wells under
     water, will keep long. Bacon.

     Be gathered now, ye waters under heaven, Into one place. Milton.

   2.  Hence, in many figurative uses which may be classified as follows;
   --  (a)  Denoting  relation  to some thing or person that is superior,
   weighs  upon,  oppresses,  bows  down,  governs,  directs,  influences
   powerfully,  or  the like, in a relation of subjection, subordination,
   obligation,  liability, or the like; as, to travel under a heavy load;
   to live under extreme oppression; to have fortitude under the evils of
   life;  to  have  patience  under pain, or under misfortunes; to behave
   like  a  Christian  under reproaches and injuries; under the pains and
   penalties  of  the  law;  the condition under which one enters upon an
   office;  under  the  necessity  of  obeying  the  laws;  under vows of

   Page 1569

     Both Jews and Gentiles . . . are all under sin. Rom. iii. 9.

     That led the embattled seraphim to war Under thy conduct. Milton.

     Who have their provand Only for bearing burdens, and sore blows For
     sinking under them. Shak.

   (b)  Denoting relation to something that exceeds in rank or degree, in
   number,  size,  weight, age, or the like; in a relation of the less to
   the greater, of inferiority, or of falling short.

     Three sons he dying left under age. Spenser.

     Medicines  take  effect  sometimes  under, and sometimes above, the
     natural proportion of their virtue. Hooker.

     There are several hundred parishes in England under twenty pounds a
     year. Swift.

     It was too great an honor for any man under a duke. Addison.

     NOTE: &hand; Hence, it sometimes means at, with, or for, less than;
     as, he would not sell the horse under sixty dollars.

     Several  young  men could never leave the pulpit under half a dozen
     conceits. Swift.

   (c)  Denoting relation to something that comprehends or includes, that
   represents  or  designates, that furnishes a cover, pretext, pretense,
   or  the  like;  as,  he  betrayed  him  under the guise of friendship;
   Morpheus is represented under the figure of a boy asleep.

     A  crew  who, under names of old renown . . . abused Fanatic Egypt.

     Mr. Duke may be mentioned under the double capacity of a poet and a
     divine. Felton.

     Under  this  head may come in the several contests and wars betwixt
     popes and the secular princes. C. Leslie.

   (d)  Less  specifically,  denoting  the  relation of being subject, of
   undergoing   regard,   treatment,  or  the  like;  as,  a  bill  under

     Abject  and lost, lay these, covering the flood, Under amazement of
     their hideous change. Milton.

   Under arms. (Mil.) (a) Drawn up fully armed and equipped. (b) Enrolled
   for  military  service; as, the state has a million men under arms. --
   Under  canvas. (a) (Naut.) Moved or propelled by sails; -- said of any
   vessel  with her sail set, but especially of a steamer using her sails
   only,  as  distinguished  from one under steam. Under steam and canvas
   signifies  that a vessel is using both means of propulsion. (b) (Mil.)
   Provided  with,  or  sheltered in, tents. -- Under fire, exposed to an
   enemy's  fire; taking part in a battle or general engagement. -- Under
   foot.  See  under  Foot,  n. -- Under ground, below the surface of the
   ground.  --  Under  one's  signature,  with  one's  signature  or name
   subscribed;  attested  or confirmed by one's signature. Cf. the second
   Note  under Over, prep. -- Under sail. (Naut.) (a) With anchor up, and
   under  the  influence  of  sails;  moved by sails; in motion. (b) With
   sails  set,  though  the anchor is down. (c) Same as Under canvas (a),
   above.   Totten.   --   Under  sentence,  having  had  one's  sentence
   pronounced. -- Under the breath, with low voice; very softly. -- Under
   the  lee  (Naut.),  to  the leeward; as, under the lee of the land. --
   Under  the  rose. See under Rose, n. -- Under water, below the surface
   of  the water. -- Under way, OR Under weigh (Naut.), in a condition to
   make progress; having started.


   Un"der  (?),  adv.  In  a lower, subject, or subordinate condition; in
   subjection;  --  used chiefly in a few idiomatic phrases; as, to bring
   under,  to  reduce to subjection; to subdue; to keep under, to keep in
   subjection; to control; to go under, to be unsuccessful; to fail.

     I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection. 1 Cor. ix. 27.

     The minstrel fell, but the foeman's chain Could not bring his proud
     soul under. Moore.

     NOTE: &hand; Un der is  of ten us ed in  composition with a verb to
     indicate  lowness  or inferiority in position or degree, in the act
     named by the verb; as, to underline; to undermine; to underprop.


   Un"der,  a.  Lower  in  position, intensity, rank, or degree; subject;
   subordinate; -- generally in composition with a noun, and written with
   or  without  the  hyphen;  as,  an undercurrent; undertone; underdose;
   under-garment;  underofficer;  undersheriff.  Under covert (Zo\'94l.),
   one  of  the  feathers situated beneath the bases of the quills in the
   wings and tail of a bird. See Illust. under Bird.
   Un`der*act"  (?),  v.  t.  To perform inefficiently, as a play; to act


   Un"der*ac`tion  (?),  n. Subordinate action; a minor action incidental
   or subsidiary to the main story; an episode.

     The  least  episodes  or  underactions . . . are parts necessary or
     convenient to carry on the main design. Dryden.


   Un"der*ac`tor (?), n. A subordinate actor.


   Un"der-age`  (?),  a.  Not having arrived at adult age, or at years of
   discretion; hence, raw; green; immature; boyish; childish. [Obs.]

     I  myself  have  loved a lady, and pursued her with a great deal of
     under-age protestation. J. Webster.


   Un"der*a`gent (?), n. A subordinate agent.


   Un`der*aid" (?), v. t. To aid clandestinely. [Obs.]


   Un"der-arm (?), a. (Cricket) Done (as bowling) with the arm not raised
   above  the elbow, that is, not swung far out from the body; underhand.
   Cf. Over-arm and Round-Arm.


   Un"der*back`  (?), n. (Brewing) A vessel which receives the wort as it
   flows from the mashing tub.


   Un`der*bear"  (?),  v.  t.  [AS.  underberan.  See  Under, and Bear to

   1. To support; to endure. [Obs.] Shak.

   2.  To line; to guard; to face; as, cloth of gold underborne with blue
   tinsel. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un"der*bear`er  (?), n. One who supports or sustains; especially, at a
   funeral,  one  of  those  who  bear the copse, as distinguished from a
   bearer, or pallbearer, who helps to hold up the pall.


   Un`der*bid" (?), v. t. To bid less than, as when a contract or service
   is offered to the lowest bidder; to offer to contract, sell, or do for
   a less price than.


   Un`der*bind" (?), v. t. To bind beneath. Fairfax.


   Un"der*board`  (?),  adv.  Under the board, or table; hence, secretly;
   unfairly; underhand. See the Note under Aboveboard.


   Un`der*brace (?), v. t. To brace, fasten, or bind underneath or below.


   Un"der*branch` (?), n.

   1. A lower branch.

   2. A twig or branchlet. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Un"der*bred`  (?),  a. Not thoroughly bred; ill-bred; as, an underbred
   fellow. Goldsmith.


   Un"der*brush`  (?), n. Shrubs, small trees, and the like, in a wood or
   forest, growing beneath large trees; undergrowth.


   Un"der*build`er (?), n. A subordinate or assistant builder.

     An underbuilder in the house of God. Jer. Taylor.


   Un"der*build`ing, n. Same as Substruction.


   Un`der*buy" (?), v. t. To buy at less than the real value or worth; to
   buy cheaper than. [R.] J. Fletcher.


   Un`der*cast" (?), v. t. To cast under or beneath.


   Un`der*cham"ber*lain (?), n. A deputy chamberlain of the exchequer.


   Un`der*chant"er (?), n. Same as Subchanter.


   Un"der*chaps` (?), n. pl. The lower chaps or jaw. Paley.


   Un`der*charge" (?), v. t.

   1.  To charge below or under; to charge less than is usual or suitable
   fro; as, to undercharge goods or services.

   2. To put too small a charge into; as, to undercharge a gun.
   Undercharged mine (Mil.), a mine whose crater is not as wide at top as
   it is deep. W. P. Craighill.


   Un"der*charge`  (?),  n.  A  charge  that  is  less  than  is usual or


   Un"der*clay`  (?),  n.  (Geol.) A stratum of clay lying beneath a coal
   bed,  often  containing  the  roots  of  coal  plants,  especially the


   Un"der*cliff`  (?),  n.  A subordinate cliff on a shore, consisting of
   material that has fallen from the higher cliff above.


   Un"der*clothes`  (?),  n.  pl.  Clothes  worn under others, especially
   those worn next the skin for warmth.


   Un"der*cloth`ing (?), n. Same as Underclothes.


   Un"der*coat` (?), n.

   1.  A  coat worn under another; a light coat, as distinguished from an
   overcoat, or a greatcoat.

   2.  A  growth  of  short  hair  or fur partially concealed by a longer
   growth; as, a dog's undercoat.


   Un"der*con`duct  (?),  n.  A  lower  conduit;  a subterranean conduit.
   [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton.


   Un`der*con*sump"tion  (?),  n. (Polit. Econ.) Consumption of less than
   is produced; consumption of less than the usual amount. F. A. Walk 


   Un"der*craft`  (?),  n.  A  sly  trick or device; as, an undercraft of
   authors. [R.] Sterne.


   Un`der*creep" (?), v. i. To creep secretly or privily. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un`der*crest"  (?),  v. t. To support as a crest; to bear. [Obs. & R.]


   Un"der*croft  (?), n. [Under + Prov. E. croft a vault; cf. OD. krochte
   crypt,  and  E. crypt.] (Arch.) A subterranean room of any kind; esp.,
   one  under  a  church  (see Crypt), or one used as a chapel or for any
   sacred purpose.


   Un`der*cry" (?), v. i. To cry aloud. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un"der*cur`rent (?), n.

   1.  A  current  below  the  surface  of  water, sometimes flowing in a
   contrary direction to that on the surface. Totten.

   2.  Hence,  figuratively, a tendency of feeling, opinion, or the like,
   in a direction contrary to what is publicly shown; an unseen influence
   or  tendency;  as,  a  strong  undercurrent of sentiment in favor of a

     All the while there was a busy undercurrent in her. G. Eliot.


   Un"der*cur`rent,   a.   Running  beneath  the  surface;  hidden.  [R.]
   "Undercurrent woe." Tennyson.


   Un"der*cut`  (?), n. The lower or under side of a sirloin of beef; the


   Un`der*cut" (?), v. t. To cut away, as the side of an object, so as to
   leave an overhanging portion.


   Un"der*deal`ing  (?),  n. Crafty, unfair, or underhand dealing; unfair
   practice; trickery. Milton.


   Un`der*delve" (?), v. t. To delve under. [Obs.]


   Un`der*dig"  (?),  v. t. To dig under or beneath; to undermine. [Obs.]


   Un`der*ditch"  (?),  v.  t. To dig an underground ditches in, so as to
   drain the surface; to underdrain; as, to underditch a field or a farm.


   Un`der*do"  (?),  v.  i.  To  do  less than is requisite or proper; --
   opposed to overdo. Grew.


   Un`der*do",   v.   t.   To  do  less  thoroughly  than  is  requisite;
   specifically,  to  cook  insufficiently;  as,  to underdo the meat; --
   opposed to overdo.


   Un"der*do`er (?), n. One who underdoes; a shirk.


   Un`der*dolv"en (?), obs. p. p. of Underdelve.


   Un"der*dose`  (?),  n.  A dose which is less than required; a small or
   insufficient dose.


   Un`der*dose" (?), v. t. & i. To give an underdose or underdoses to; to
   practice giving insufficient doses.


   Un"der*drain`  (?),  n.  An  underground drain or trench with openings
   through which the water may percolate from the soil or ground above.


   Un`der*drain"  (?),  v.  t.  To  drain  by  forming  an  underdrain or
   underdrains in; as, to underdrain land.


   Un`der*dressed" (?), a. Not dresses enough.


   Un`der*es"ti*mate (?), v. t. To set to


   Un`der*es"ti*mate  (?),  n.  The  act  of  underestimating; too low an


   Un"der*fac`tion (?), n. A subordinate party or faction.


   Un"der*fac`ul*ty (?), n. An inferior or subordinate faculty.


   Un"der*farm`er (?), n. An assistant farmer.


   Un`der*feed"  (?),  v. t. To feed with too little food; to supply with
   an insufficient quantity of food.


   Un"der*fel`low (?), n. An underling [R.] Sir P. Sidney.


   Un"der*fill`ing  (?),  n. The filling below or beneath; the under part
   of a building. Sir H. Wotton.


   Un`der*fol"low  (?),  v.  t.  To  follow closely or immediately after.
   [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un`der*fong"  (?),  v.  t.  [AS.  underfongen,  p.  p.  of  underf  to
   undertake; under under + f to take. See Fang to seize.]

   1.  To  undertake;  to take in hand; to receive. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.
   Rom. of R.

   2. To insnare; to circumvent. [Obs.] Spenser.

   3. To sustain; to support; to guard. Nash.


   Un`der*foot"  (?),  adv.  Under the feet; underneath; below. See Under
   foot, under Foot, n.


   Un`der*foot", a. Low; base; abject; trodden down.


   Un"der*fringe` (?), n. A lower fringe; a fringe underneath something.

     Broad-faced, with underfringe of russet beard. Tennyson.


   Un`der*fur"nish (?), v. t. To supply with less than enough; to furnish
   insufficiently. Collier.


   Un`der*fur"row  (?), v. t. To cover as under a furrow; to plow in; as,
   to underfurrow seed or manure.


   Un"der-gar`ment (?), n. A garment worn below another.


   Un`der*get"  (?),  v. t. To get under or beneath; also, to understand.
   [Obs.] R. of Gloucester.


   Un`der*gird" (?), v. t. To blind below; to gird round the bottom.

     They used helps, undergirding the ship. Acts xxvii. 17.


   Un"der*glaze`  (?),  a.  Applied  under the glaze, that is, before the
   glaze,  that  is, before the glaze is put on; fitted to be so applied;
   -- said of colors in porcelain painting.


   Un`der*go"  (?),  v. t. [imp. Underwent (?); p. p. Undergone (?; 115);
   p. pr. & vb. n. Undergoing.] [AS. underg\'ben. See Under, and Go.]

   1. To go or move below or under. [Obs.]

   2. To be subjected to; to bear up against; to pass through; to endure;
   to  suffer;  to  sustain;  as, to undergo toil and fatigue; to undergo
   pain,  grief,  or anxiety; to undergothe operation of amputation; food
   in the stomach undergoes the process of digestion.

     Certain to undergo like doom. Milton.

   3. To be the bearer of; to possess. [Obs.]

     Their  virtues  else,  be they as pure as grace, As infinite as man
     may undergo. Shak.

   4. To undertake; to engage in; to hazard. [Obs.]

     I  have  moved already Some certain of the noblest-minded Romans To
     undergo with me an enterprise. Shak.

   5. To be subject or amenable to; to underlie. [Obs.]

     Claudio undergoes my challenge. Shak.


   Un"der*god` (?), n. A lower or inferio


   Un`der*gore" (?), v. t. To gore underneath.


   Un"der*gown`  (?),  n.  A gown worn under another, or under some other
   article of dress.

     An undergown and kirtle of pale sea-green silk. Sir W. Scott.


   Un`der*grad"u*ate  (?),  n.  A member of a university or a college who
   has  not  taken  his first degree; a student in any school who has not
   completed his course.


   Un`der*grad"u*ate,  a.  Of  or  pertaining to an undergraduate, or the
   body of undergraduates.


   Un`der*grad"u*ate*ship,   n.   The   position   or   condition  of  an


   Un`der*groan (?), v. t. To groan beneath. [Obs.]

     Earth undergroaned their high-raised feet. Chapman.


   Un"der*ground`  (?),  n. The place or space beneath the surface of the
   ground; subterranean space.

     A spirit raised from depth of underground. Shak.


   Un"der*ground`, a.

   1.  Being below the surface of the ground; as, an underground story or

   2. Done or occurring out of sight; secret. [Colloq.]
   Underground railroad OR railway. See under Railroad.


   Un"der*ground`, adv. Beneath the surface of the earth.


   Un"der*grove`  (?),  n.  A  grove  of shrubs or low trees under taller
   ones. Wordsworth.


   Un`der*grow"  (?),  v.  i.  To  grow  to an inferior, or less than the
   usual, size or height. Wyclif.


   Un`der*grow", a. Undergrown. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un`der*grown"  (?), a. Of small stature; not grown to a full height or


   Un"der*growth`  (?),  n.  That  which grows under trees; specifically,
   shrubs or small trees growing among large trees. Milton.


   Un`der*grub" (?), v. t. To undermine. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Un"der*hand` (?), a.

   1. Secret; clandestine; hence, mean; unfair; fraudulent. Addison.

   2.  (Baseball,  Cricket,  etc.) Done, as pitching, with the hand lower
   than the shoulder, or, as bowling, with the hand lower than elbow.


   Un"der*hand` (?), adv.

   1.  By  secret  means;  in  a  clandestine  manner;  hence,  by fraud;

     Such mean revenge, committed underhand. Dryden.

     Baillie  Macwheeble  provided Janet, underhand, with meal for their
     maintenance. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  (Baseball,  Cricket,  etc.)  In  an  underhand  manner; -- said of
   pitching or bowling.


   Un"der*hand`ed, a.

   1. Underhand; clandestine.

   Page 1570

   2.  Insufficiently  provided  with  hands  or  workers;  short-handed;
   sparsely populated.

     Norway . . . might defy the world, . . . but it is much underhanded
     now. Coleridge.


   Un"der*hand`ed*ly (?), adv. In an underhand manner.


   Un`der*hang"  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  To  hang under or down; to suspend.


   Un"der*hang`man (?), n. An assistant or deputy hangman. Shak.


   Un"der*head`  (?),  n.  A  blockhead,  or stupid person; a dunderhead.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Un`der*heave" (?), v. i. To heave or lift from below. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un`der*hew"  (?),  v.  t.  To  hew  less  than  is  usual  or  proper;
   specifically,  to hew, as a piece of timber which should be square, in
   such  a  manner  that  it appears to contain a greater number of cubic
   feet than it really does contain. Haldeman.


   Un`der*hon"est  (?),  a.  Not  entirely  honest.  [R.]  "We  think him
   overproud and underhonest." Shak.


   Un`der*hung" (?), a.

   1.  (Carp.)  Resting  on  a  track  at  the  bottom,  instead of being
   suspended; -- said of a sliding door. Forney.

   2. Having the lower jaw projecting. T. Hughes.


   Un"der*jaw` (?), n. The lower jaw. Paley.


   Un`der*join" (?), v. t. To join below or beneath; to subjoin. Wyclif.


   Un`der*keep"  (?), v. t. To keep under, or in subjection; to suppress.
   [Obs.] Spenser.


   Un"der*keep`er (?), n. A subordinate keeper or guardian. Gray.


   Un"der*kind` (?), n. An inferior kind. Dryden.


   Un"der*king`dom (?), n. A subordinate or dependent kingdom. Tennyson.


   Un"der*la`bor*er (?), n. An assistant or subordinate laborer. Locke.


   Un`der*laid" (?), a. Laid or placed underneath; also, having something
   laid or lying underneath.


   Un`der*lay" (?), v. t. [AS. underlecgan. See Under, and Lay, v. t.]

   1. To lay beneath; to put under.

   2. To raise or support by something laid under; as, to underlay a cut,
   plate, or the like, for printing. See Underlay, n., 2.

   3. To put a tap on (a shoe). [Prov. Eng.]


   Un`der*lay",  v. i. (Mining) To incline from the vertical; to hade; --
   said of a vein, fault, or lode.


   Un"der*lay` (?), n.

   1.  (Mining)  The  inclination  of  a  vein,  fault,  or lode from the
   vertical; a hade; -- called also underlie.

   2.  (Print.)  A  thickness  of  paper, pasteboard, or the like, placed
   under a cut, or stereotype plate, or under type, in the from, to bring
   it,  or  any  part of it, to the proper height; also, something placed
   back of a part of the tympan, so as to secure the right impression.


   Un"der*lay`er (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, underlays or is underlaid; a lower layer.

   2. (Mining) A perpendicular shaft sunk to cut the lode at any required
   depth. Weale.


   Un"der*leaf`  (?), n. A prolific sort of apple, good for cider. [Obs.]


   Un"der*lease  (?),  n.  (Law)  A  lease granted by a tenant or lessee;
   especially,  a lease granted by one who is himself a lessee for years,
   for  any  fewer  or  less  number  of  years  than he himself holds; a
   sublease. Burrill.


   Un`der*let" (?), v. t.

   1. To let below the value.

     All my farms were underlet. Smollett.

   2. To let or lease at second hand; to sublet.


   Un"der*let`ter  (?),  n.  A  tenant  or  lessee  who grants a lease to


   Un`der*lie"  (?),  v.  t.  [AS.  underlicgan. See Under, and Lie to be

   1.  To lie under; to rest beneath; to be situated under; as, a stratum
   of clay underlies the surface gravel.

   2. To be at the basis of; to form the foundation of; to support; as, a
   doctrine underlying a theory.

   3. To be subject or amenable to. [R.]

     The  knight  of  Ivanhoe . . . underlies the challenge of Brian der
     Bois Guilbert. Sir W. Scott.


   Un`der*lie", v. i. To lie below or under.


   Un"der*lie` (?), n. See Underlay, n., 1.


   Un`der*line" (?), v. t.

   1. To mark a line below, as words; to underscore.

   2. To influence secretly. [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton.


   Un"der*ling  (?),  n.  [Under + -ling.] An inferior person or agent; a
   subordinate; hence, a mean, sorry fellow. Milton.

     he  fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars, But in ourselves, that
     we are underlings. Shak.


   Un"der*lip` (?), n. The lower lip.


   Un"der*lock`  (?),  n.  A  lock  of  wool hanging under the belly of a


   Un"der*lock`er (?), n. (Mining) A person who inspects a mine daily; --
   called also underviewer.


   Un`der*ly"ing  (?), a. Lying under or beneath; hence, fundamental; as,
   the underlying strata of a locality; underlying principles.


   Un`der*manned"  (?),  a.  (Naut.)  Insufficiently  furnished with men;


   Un"der*mast`ed  (?),  a.  (Naut.)  Having masts smaller than the usual
   dimension; -- said of vessels. Totten.


   Un"der*mas`ter  (?),  n. A master subordinate to the principal master;
   an assistant master.


   Un"der*match` (?), n. One who is not a match for another. Fuller.


   Un"der*meal`  (?),  n.  [AS.  under under + m part or portion; cf. AS.
   underm midday. See Under, Meal a part, and cf. Undern.]

   1.  The  inferior,  or after, part of the day; the afternoon. [Obs. or
   Prov. Eng.]

     In undermeals and in mornings. Chaucer.

   2.  Hence,  something  occurring  or  done  in the afternoon; esp., an
   afternoon  meal;  supper;  also,  an afternoon nap; a siesta. [Obs. or
   Prov. Eng.]

     Another great supper, or undermeal, was made ready for them, coming
     home from ditching and plowing. Withals (1608).

     I  think  I  am  furnished  with  Cattern [Catharine] pears for one
     undermeal. B. Jonson.

     In  a  narrower  limit than the forty years' undermeal of the seven
     sleepers. Nash.


   Un`der*mine" (?), v. t.

   1.  To  excavate the earth beneath, or the part of, especially for the
   purpose  of causing to fall or be overthrown; to form a mine under; to
   sap; as, to undermine a wall.

     A  vast  rock  undermined  from one end to the other, and a highway
     running through it. Addison.

   2.  Fig.: To remove the foundation or support of by clandestine means;
   to ruin in an underhand way; as, to undermine reputation; to undermine
   the constitution of the state.

     He should be warned who are like to undermine him. Locke.


   Un`der*min"er (?), n. One who undermines.


   Un`der*min"is*ter   (?),  v.  t.  To  serve,  or  minister  to,  in  a
   subordinate relation. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un`der*min"is*try  (?),  n.  A  subordinate or inferior ministry. Jer.


   Un"der*mirth`  (?),  n.  Suppressed  or  concealed  mirth.  [Obs.] The


   Un`der*mon"eyed (?), a. Bribed. [R.] Fuller.


   Un"der*most  (?), a. [From Under; cf. Aftermost.] Lowest, as in place,
   rank, or condition. Addison.


   Un"dern  (?), n. [AS. undern; akin to OS. undorn, OHG. untarn, untorn,
   Icel.  undorn  mid  afternoon, mid forenoon, Goth. unda\'a3rnimats the
   midday  meal.  Cf.  Undermeal,  Undertime.] The time between; the time
   between  sunrise and noon; specifically, the third hour of the day, or
   nine  o'clock  in  the morning, according to ancient reckoning; hence,
   mealtime,  because formerly the principal meal was eaten at that hour;
   also,  later, the afternoon; the time between dinner and supper. [Obs.
   or Prov. Eng.]

     Betwixt undern and noon was the field all won. R. of Brunne.

     In  a bed of worts still he lay Till it was past undern of the day.


   Un`der*neath"  (?),  adv.  [OE.  undirnepe.  See  Under, and Beneath.]
   Beneath;  below; in a lower place; under; as, a channel underneath the

     Or sullen mole, that runneth underneath. Milton.


   Un`der*neath", prep. Under; beneath; below.

     Underneath this stone lie As much beauty as could die. B. Jonson.


   Un`der*nice"ness (?), n. A want of niceness; indelicacy; impropriety.


   Un`der*nime"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  Undernom (?).] [OE. undernimen. See
   Under, and Nim.]

   1. To receive; to perceive. [Obs.]

     He  the  savor  undernom  Which that the roses and the lilies cast.

   2. To reprove; to reprehend. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.


   Un"der*of`fi*cer (?), n. A subordinate officer.


   Un"der*part` (?), n. A subordinate part.

     It should be lightened with underparts of mirth. Dryden.


   Un`der*pay" (?), v. t. To pay inadequately.


   Un`der*peep"  (?),  v.  t.  To  peep  under.  "The  flame  . . . would
   underpeep her lids." [R.] Shak.


   Un`der*peer" (?), v. t. To peer under. [R.]


   Un`der*peo"pled (?), a. Not fully peopled.


   Un`der*pight" (?), imp. of Underpitch.


   Un`der*pin"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Underpinned (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To lay stones, masonry, etc., under, as the sills of a building, on
   which it is to rest.

   2.  To support by some solid foundation; to place something underneath
   for support.


   Un"der*pin`ning (?), n.

   1.  The  act  of  one  who underpins; the act of supporting by stones,
   masonry, or the like.

   2.  (Arch.)  (a) That by which a building is underpinned; the material
   and  construction  used for support, introduced beneath a wall already
   constructed. (b) The foundation, esp. of a frame house. [Local, U.S.]


   Un`der*pitch"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. Underpight.] [OE. underpicchen. See
   Under, and Pitch to throw, fix.] To fill underneath; to stuff. [Obs.]

     He drank and well his girdle underpight. Chaucer.


   Un`der*play" (?), v. i.

   1.  To  play in a subordinate, or in an inferior manner; to underact a

   2.  (Card  Playing) To play a low card when holding a high one, in the
   hope of a future advantage.


   Un"der*play` (?), n. (Card Playing) The act of underplaying.


   Un"der*plot` (?), n.

   1. A series of events in a play, proceeding collaterally with the main
   story, and subservient to it. Dryden.

   2. A clandestine scheme; a trick. Addison.


   Un`der*poise"  (?), v. t. To weigh, estimate, or rate below desert; to
   undervalue. [R.] Marston.


   Un"der*pos*sess`or (?), n. One who possesses or holds anything subject
   to the superior of another. Jer. Taylor.


   Un`der*praise" (?), v. t. To praise below desert.


   Un`der*prize" (?), v. t. To undervalue; to underestimate. Shak.


   Un`der*pro*duc"tion (?), n. (Polit. Econ.) The production of less than
   is demanded or of less than the usual supply. F. A. Walker.


   Un"der*proof`  (?),  a. Containing less alcohol than proof spirit. See
   Proof spirit, under Spirit.


   Un`der*prop"  (?), v. t. To prop from beneath; to put a prop under; to
   support; to uphold.

     Underprop the head that bears the crown. Fenton.


   Un`der*pro*por"tioned  (?),  a. Of inadequate or inferior proportions;
   small; poor.

     Scanty and underproportioned returns of civility. Collier.


   Un"der*prop`er (?), n. One who, or that which, underprops or supports.


   Un`der*pull"  (?), v. i. To exert one's influence secretly. [Obs.] Ld.


   Un"der*pull`er (?), n. One who underpulls. [Obs.]


   Un`der*put" (?), v. t. To put or send under. [Obs.]


   Un`der*rate"  (?),  v. t. To rate too low; to rate below the value; to
   undervalue. Burke.


   Un"der*rate`  (?), n. A price less than the value; as, to sell a thing
   at an underrate. Cowley.


   Un`der*reck"on  (?), v. t. To reckon below what is right or proper; to
   underrate. Bp. Hall.


   Un`der*run"  (?),  v.  t. To run or pass under; especially (Naut.), to
   pass  along and under, as a cable, for the purpose of taking it in, or
   of examining it.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ca ble passes over the bows and stern of the boat
     used, while the men haul the boat along by pulling upon the cable.

   Totten.  To  underrun  a tackle (Naut.), to separate its parts and put
   them in order.


   Un`der*sail" (?), v. i. To sail alongshore. [Obs.]


   Un"der*sailed` (?), a. Inadequately equipped with sails. [Obs.]


   Un`der*sat"u*ra`ted   (?),   a.   Not   fully  saturated;  imperfectly


   Un`der*say"  (?),  v. t. To say by way of derogation or contradiction.
   [Obs.] Spenser.


   Un`der*score"  (?),  v. t. To draw a mark or line under; to underline.
   J. Tucker.


   Un`der*sec"re*ta*ry  (?),  n.  A  secretary  who is subordinate to the
   chief  secretary; an assistant secretary; as, an undersecretary of the


   Un`der*sell"  (?),  v.  t.  To sell the same articles at a lower price
   than; to sell cheaper than.


   Un"der*serv`ant (?), n. An inferior servant.


   Un`der*set" (?), v. t. To prop or support. Bacon.


   Un"der*set` (?), n. (Naut.) Undercurrent.


   Un"der*set`ter  (?), n. One who, or that which, undersets or supports;
   a prop; a support; a pedestal.


   Un"der*set`ting  (?),  n. Something set or built under as a support; a
   pedestal. Sir H. Wotton.


   Un"der*shap`en (?), a. Under the usual shape or size; small; dwarfish.

     His dwarf, a vicious undershapen thing. Tennyson.


   Un"der*sher`iff (?), n. A sheriff's deputy.


   Un"der*sher`iff*ry (?), n. Undershrievalty. [Obs.]


   Un"der*shirt` (?), n. A shirt worn next the skin, under another shirt;
   -- called also undervest.


   Un`der*shoot" (?), v. t. To shoot short of (a mark).


   Un"der*shot` (?), a.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having  the  lower incisor teeth projecting beyond the
   upper ones, as in the bulldog.

   2.  Moved  by  water  passing  beneath;  -- said of a water wheel, and
   opposed to overshot; as, an undershot wheel.


   Un"der*shriev"al*ty (?), n. The office or position of an undersheriff.


   Un"der*shrieve`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  low  shrub; a woody plant of low


   Un"der*shrub`, a. Partly shrublike.


   Un"der*shut`  (?),  a. Closed from beneath. Undershut valve (Mach.), a
   valve  which  shuts  by  being  lifted against a seat facing downward.


   Un"der*side` (?), n. The lower or lowest side of anything. Paley.


   Un`der*sign"  (?), v. t. To write one's name at the foot or end of, as
   a  letter  or  any legal instrument. The undersigned, the person whose
   name is signed, or the persons whose names are signed, at the end of a
   document; the subscriber or subscribers.


   Un"der*sized` (?), a. Of a size less than is common.


   Un"der*skink`er (?), n. Undertapster. [Obs.]


   Un"der*skirt`  (?),  n.  A petticoat; the foundation skirt of a draped


   Un"der*sky` (?), n. The lower region of the sky.

     Floating about the undersky. Tennyson.


   Un"der*sleeve`  (?),  n.  A  sleeve of an under-garment; a sleeve worn
   under another,


   Un"der*soil`  (?),  n.  The  soil  beneath  the surface; understratum;


   Un`der*soid" (?), p. p. of Undersell.


   Un"der*song` (?), n.

   1. The burden of a song; the chorus; the refrain. Dryden.

   2.   Accompanying   strain;   subordinate   and   underlying  meaning;
   accompaniment; undertone.

     In  the  very [poetry] there often an undersong of sense which none
     beside the poetic mind . . . can comprehend. Landor.


   Un"der*sparred`  (?),  a.  (Naut.) Having spars smaller than the usual
   dimension; -- said of vessels.


   Un`der*spend" (?), v. t. To spend less than.


   Un"der*sphere` (?), n.

   1.  A  sphere  which is smaller than, and in its movements subject to,
   another; a satellite.

   2. An inferior sphere, or field of action.


   Un`der*spore"  (?), v. t. To raise with a spar, or piece of wood, used
   as a lever. [Obs.]

     Give me a staff that I may underspore. Chaucer.


   Un"der*stair`  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  kitchen,  or the
   servants' quarters; hence, subordinate; menial. [Obs.]


   Un"der*stairs` (?), n. The basement or cellar.

   Page 1571


   Un`der*stand"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Understood (?), and Archaic
   Understanded;  p.  pr. & vb. n. Understanding.] [OE. understanden, AS.
   understandan,  literally,  to  stand  under;  cf.  AS.  forstandan  to
   understand,  G.  verstehen. The development of sense is not clear. See
   Under, and Stand.]

   1.  To  have just and adequate ideas of; to apprehended the meaning or
   intention  of;  to  have  knowledge of; to comprehend; to know; as, to
   understand  a  problem  in  Euclid;  to  understand a proposition or a
   declaration;  the  court  understands the advocate or his argument; to
   understand  the  sacred oracles; to understand a nod or a wink. <-- in
   ety,  sic:  "development  of  sense"?? perh. s.b. "development of this
   sense"?? -->

     Speaketh  [i.  e.,  speak  thou] so plain at this time, I you pray,
     That we may understande what ye say. Chaucer.

     I understand not what you mean by this. Shak.

     Understood not all was but a show. Milton.

     A tongue not understanded of the people. Bk. of Com. Prayer.

   2.  To  be apprised, or have information, of; to learn; to be informed
   of; to hear; as, I understand that Congress has passed the bill.

   3. To recognize or hold as being or signifying; to suppose to mean; to
   interpret; to explain.

     The  most learned interpreters understood the words of sin, and not
     of Abel. Locke.

   4.  To mean without expressing; to imply tacitly; to take for granted;
   to assume.

     War, then, war, Open or understood, must be resolved. Milton.

   5. To stand under; to support. [Jocose & R.] Shak.
   To give one to understand, to cause one to know. -- To make one's self
   understood, to make one's meaning clear.


   Un`der*stand", v. i.

   1. To have the use of the intellectual faculties; to be an intelligent

     Imparadised  in you, in whom alone I understand, and grow, and see.

   2. To be informed; to have or receive knowledge.

     I  came  to Jerusalem, and understood of the evil that Eliashib did
     for Tobiah. Neh. xiii. 7.


   Un`der*stand"a*ble  (?), a. Capable of being understood; intelligible.


   Un`der*stand"er  (?),  n. One who understands, or knows by experience.
   [R.] Dryden.


   Un`der*stand"ing,  a.  Knowing;  intelligent;  skillful;  as, he is an
   understanding man.


   Un`der*stand"ing, n.

   1.  The  act of one who understands a thing, in any sense of the verb;
   knowledge; discernment; comprehension; interpretation; explanation.

   2.  An  agreement  of  opinion  or feeling; adjustment of differences;
   harmony;  anything  mutually understood or agreed upon; as, to come to
   an understanding with another.

     He  hoped  the loyalty of his subjects would concur with him in the
     preserving  of  a  good  understanding  between him and his people.

   3.   The   power   to   understand;   the  intellectual  faculty;  the
   intelligence;   the   rational   powers   collectively   conceived  an
   designated;  the  higher  capacities  of  the  intellect; the power to
   distinguish truth from falsehood, and to adapt means to ends.

     There  is a spirit in man; and the inspiration of the Almighty them
     understanding. Job xxxii. 8.

     The  power  of  perception is that which we call the understanding.
     Perception, which we make the act of the understanding, is of three
     sorts: 1. The perception of ideas in our mind; 2. The perception of
     the  signification of signs; 3. The perception of the connection or
     repugnancy, agreement or disagreement, that there is between any of
     our  ideas.  All  these  are  attributed  to  the understanding, or
     perceptive  power, though it be the two latter only that use allows
     us to say we understand. Locke.

     In  its  wider  acceptation,  understanding  is the entire power of
     perceiving  an  conceiving, exclusive of the sensibility: the power
     of  dealing  with the impressions of sense, and composing them into
     wholes,  according to a law of unity; and in its most comprehensive
     meaning it includes even simple apprehension. Coleridge.

   4. Specifically, the discursive faculty; the faculty of knowing by the
   medium or use of general conceptions or relations. In this sense it is
   contrasted with, and distinguished from, the reason.

     I use the term understanding, not for the noetic faculty, intellect
     proper, or place of principles, but for the dianoetic or discursive
     faculty  in  its widest signification, for the faculty of relations
     or  comparisons; and thus in the meaning in which "verstand" is now
     employed by the Germans. Sir W. Hamilton.

   Syn. -- Sense; intelligence; perception. See Sense.


   Un`der*stand"ing*ly,  adv.  In  an understanding manner; intelligibly;
   with  full knowledge or comprehension; intelligently; as, to vote upon
   a question understandingly; to act or judge understandingly.

     The  gospel  may  be  neglected,  but in can not be understandingly
     disbelieved. J. Hawes.


   Un`der*state"  (?), v. t. To state or represent less strongly than may
   be done truthfully.


   Un"der*state`ment (?), n. The act of understating, or the condition of
   being  understated;  that  which is understated; a statement below the


   Un`der*stock"  (?),  v.  t.  To  supply  insufficiently with stock. A.


   Un`der*stood" (?), imp. & p. p. of Understand.


   Un"der*strap`per  (?),  n.  A  petty  fellow;  an  inferior  agent; an

     This  was  going  to the fountain head at once, not applying to the
     understrappers. Goldsmith.


   Un"der*strap`ping,  a.  Becoming  an  understrapper; subservient. [R.]


   Un"der*stra`tum (?), n.; pl. L. Understrata (, E. Understratums (. The
   layer,  or  stratum,  of  earth  on  which  the  mold, or soil, rests;


   Un`der*stroke" (?), v. t. To underline or underscore. Swift.


   Un"der*stud`y  (?),  v. t. & i. (Theater) To study, as another actor's
   part,  in order to be his substitute in an emergency; to study another
   actor's part.


   Un"der*stud`y,  n.  One  who  studies  another's  part  with a view to
   assuming it in an emergency.


   Un"der*suit`  (?),  n.  A  suit  worn  under  another  suit; a suit of


   Un`der*tak"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being undertaken; practicable.


   Un`der*take"  (?), v. t. [imp. Undertook (?); p. p. Undertaken (?); p.
   pr. & vb. n. Undertaking.] [Under + take.]

   1.  To  take  upon one's self; to engage in; to enter upon; to take in
   hand; to begin to perform; to set about; to attempt.

     To second, or oppose, or undertake The perilous attempt. Milton.

   2. Specifically, to take upon one's self solemnly or expressly; to lay
   one's self under obligation, or to enter into stipulations, to perform
   or to execute; to covenant; to contract.

     I 'll undertake to land them on our coast. Shak.

   3. Hence, to guarantee; to promise; to affirm.

     And he was not right fat, I undertake. Dryden.

     And  those  two counties I will undertake Your grace shall well and
     quietly enjoiy. Shak.

     I dare undertake they will not lose their labor. Woodward.

   4. To assume, as a character. [Obs.] Shak.

   5. To engage with; to attack. [Obs.]

     It  is  not fit your lordship should undertake every companion that
     you give offense to. Shak.

   6. To have knowledge of; to hear. [Obs.] Spenser.

   7.  To  take or have the charge of. [Obs.] "Who undertakes you to your
   end." Shak.

     Keep well those that ye undertake. Chaucer.


   Un`der*take", v. i.

   1.  To  take  upon  one's  self,  or  assume,  any  business, duty, or

     O Lord, I am oppressed; undertake for me. Isa. xxxviii. 14.

   2. To venture; to hazard. [Obs.]

     It  is  the  cowish  terror  of his spirit That dare not undertake.

   3. To give a promise or guarantee; to be surety.

     But  on  mine honor dare I undertake For good lord Titus' innocence
     in all. Shak.


   Un`der*tak"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who  undertakes;  one who engages in any project or business.
   Beau. & Fl.

   2.  One who stipulates or covenants to perform any work for another; a

     To  sign deputations for undertakes to furnish their proportions of
     saltpeter. Evelyn.

     In  come  some other undertakes, and promise us the same or greater
     wonders. South.

   3. Specifically, one who takes the charge and management of funerals.


   Un`der*tak"ing, n.

   1.  The  act  of  one  who  undertakes,  or engages in, any project or
   business. Hakluyt.

   2.  That  which  is undertaken; any business, work, or project which a
   person engages in, or attempts to perform; an enterprise.

   3.  Specifically,  the business of an undertaker, or the management of

   4. A promise or pledge; a guarantee. A. Trollope.


   Un`der*tap"ster (?), n. Assistant to a tapster.


   Un"der*taxed`  (?),  a.  Taxed  too  little,  or  at a lower rate than


   Un"der*ten`an*cy  (?),  n. Tenancy or tenure under a tenant or lessee;
   the tenure of an undertenant.


   Un"der*ten`ant  (?), n. The tenant of a tenant; one who holds lands or
   tenements of a tenant or lessee.


   Un"der**thing` (?), n. Something that is inferior and of little worth.
   [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.

                             Undertide, Undertime

   Un"der*tide`  (?),  Un"der*time`  (?),  n.  [Under  +  tide, time. Cf.
   Undern.]  The  under  or  after  part  of the day; undermeal; evening.

     He, coming home at undertime, there found The fairest creature that
     he ever saw. Spenser.


   Un"der*tone`  (?),  n. A low or subdued tone or utterance; a tone less
   loud  than  usual.  <-- 2. an attitude, usu. conveyed by more than one
   part  of  an  action or a communication, but not explicitly expressed.


   Un`der*took" (?), imp. of Undertake.


   Un"der*tow`  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  The current that sets seaward near the
   bottom when waves are breaking upon the shore.


   Un"der*treas`ur*er (?), n. An assistant treasurer.


   Un`der*turn  (?),  v.  t.  To  turn upside down; to subvert; to upset.
   [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un`der*val`u*a"tion  (?),  n. The act of undervaluing; a rate or value
   not equal to the real worth.


   Un`der*val"ue (?), v. t.

   1. To value, rate, or estimate below the real worth; to depreciate.

   2.  To  esteem  lightly;  to treat as of little worth; to hold in mean
   estimation; to despise.

     In  comparison  of  it  I  undervalued  all  ensigns  of authority.

     I  write  not this with the least intention to undervalue the other
     parts of poetry. Dryden.


   Un`der*val"ue,  n.  A  low  rate  or price; a price less than the real
   worth; undervaluation. Milton.


   Un"der*val"u*er (?), n. One who undervalues.


   Un"der*verse` (?), n. The lower or second verse. [Obs.]


   Un"der*vest` (?), n. An undershirt.


   Un"der*view`er (?), n. See Underlooker.


   Un"der*wear`  (?),  n.  That which is worn under the outside clothing;


   Un`der*ween" (?), v. t. To undervalue. [Obs.]


   Un`der*went" (?), imp. of Undergo.


   Un"der*wing` (?), n.

   1. (Zo\'94l.) One of the posterior wings of an insect.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of numerous species of noctuid moths belonging
   to Catocala and allied genera, in which the hind wings are banded with
   red  and  black  or  other conspicuous colors. Many of the species are
   called red underwing.


   Un"der*wit`ted (?), a. Weak in intellect; half-witted; silly. [R.] Bp.


   Un"der*wood`  (?),  n.  Small  trees  and bushes that grow among large
   trees; coppice; underbrush; -- formerly used in the plural.

     Shrubs  and  underwoods look well enough while they grow within the
     shade of oaks and cedars. Addison.


   Un`der*work"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Underworked (?) or Underwrought
   (; p. pr. & vb. n. Underworking.]

   1.  To  injure  by  working  secretly;  to  destroy  or  overthrow  by
   clandestine measure; to undermine.

     But   thou   from  loving  England  art  so  far,  That  thou  hast
     underwrought his lawful king. Shak.

   2.  To  expend  too  little  work  upon;  as, to underwork a painting.

   3.  To  do like work at a less price than; as, one mason may underwork


   Un`der*work", v. i.

   1. To work or operate in secret or clandestinely. B. Jonson.

   2. To do less work than is proper or suitable.

   3. To do work for a less price than current rates.


   Un"der*work`  (?),  n.  Inferior  or subordinate work; petty business.


   Un"der*work`er (?), n.

   1. One who underworks.

   2. An inferior or subordinate workman. Waterland.


   Un"der*world` (?), n.

   1.  The lower of inferior world; the world which is under the heavens;
   the earth.

     That overspreads (with such a reverence) This underworld. Daniel.

   2. The mythological place of departed souls; Hades.

   3.  The  portion of the world which is below the horizon; the opposite
   side of the world; the antipodes. [R.]

     Fresh  as  the  first  beam  glittering  on a sail, That brings our
     friends up from the underworld. Tennyson.

   4. The inferior part of mankind. [R.] Atterbury.


   Un`der*write" (?), v. t. [imp. Underwrote (?), Obs. Underwrit (; p. p.
   Underwritten (?), Obs. Underwrit; p. pr. & vb. n. Underwriting.]

   1. To write under something else; to subscribe.

     What  addition and change I have made I have here underwritten. Bp.

   2.  To  subscribe  one's  name to for insurance, especially for marine
   insurance;  to  write  one's  name  under,  or set one's name to, as a
   policy  of  insurance, for the purpose of becoming answerable for loss
   or  damage,  on consideration of receiving a certain premium per cent;
   as,  individuals,  as  well  as  companies, may underwrite policies of
   insurance. B. Jonson.

     The  broker  who  procures the insurance ought not, by underwriting
     the  policy,  to  deprive  the  parties  of his unbiased testimony.


   Un`der*write",  v.  i. To practice the business of insuring; to take a
   risk of insurance on a vessel or the like.


   Un"der*writ`er  (?), n. One who underwrites his name to the conditions
   of an insurance policy, especially of a marine policy; an insurer.


   Un"der*writ`ing, n. The business of an underwriter,


   Un`der*yoke"  (?),  v.  t.  To  subject  to the yoke; to make subject.


   Un`de*serve" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + deserve.] To fail to deserve.
   [Obs.] Milton.


   Un`de*serv"er  (?),  n.  One  of no merit; one who is nor deserving or
   worthy. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un`de*sign"ing  (?),  a.  Having  no  artful,  ulterior, or fraudulent
   purpose; sincere; artless; simple.


   Un`de*stroy"a*ble (?), a. Indestructible.


   Un`de*ter"mi*na*ble (?), a. Not determinable; indeterminable. Locke.


   Un`de*ter"mi*nate  (?),  a.  Nor  determinate; not settled or certain;
   indeterminate. South. -- Un`de*ter"mi*nate*ness, n. Dr. H. More.


   Un`de*ter`mi*na"tion (?), n. Indetermination. Sir M. Hale.


   Un*dev"il  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + devil.] To free from possession
   by a devil or evil spirit; to exorcise. [Obs.]

     They boy having gotten a habit of counterfeiting . . . would not be
     undeviled by all their exorcisms. Fuller.


   Un`de*vo"tion (?), n. Absence or want of devotion.


   Un*did" (?), imp. of Undo.


   Un*dif`fer*en"ti*a`ted   (?),   a.  Not  differentiated;  specifically
   (Biol.),  homogenous,  or  nearly  so;  -- said especially of young or
   embryonic  tissues  which  have not yet undergone differentiation (see
   Differentiation,  3),  that  is, which show no visible separation into
   their different structural parts.


   Un*dig"e*nous  (?), a. [L. unda a wave + -genous.] Generated by water.
   [R.] Kirwan.


   Un`di*gest"i*ble (?), a. Indigestible.


   Un*dight"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un- + dight.] To put off; to lay
   aside, as a garment. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Un*digne" (?), a. Unworthy. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un*dine" (?), n. [G. undine, or F. ondin, ondine, from L. unda a wave,
   water.]  One  of  a  class  of  fabled  female water spirits who might
   receive  a human soul by intermarrying with a mortal.<-- a water nymph


   Un*di"o*cesed  (?),  a.  Unprovided with a diocese; having no diocese.


   Un`di*rect"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + direct, v. t.] To misdirect;
   to mislead. [Obs.]

     who make false fires to undirect seamen in a tempest. Fuller.


   Un`di*rect", a. [Pref. un- not + direct.] Indirect.


   Un`di*rect"ed,  a.  [In  senses  1 and 2, pref. un- not + directed; in
   sense 3 properly p. p. of undirect.]

   1. Not directed; not guided; left without direction.

   2. Not addressed; not superscribed, as a letter.

   3. Misdirected; misled; led astray. [R.]


   Un`di*rect"ly (?), adv. Indirectly. Strype.


   Un`dis*cern"ing (?), n. Want of discernment. [R.] Spectator.

   Page 1572


   Un`dis*close"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + disclose.] To keep close or
   secret. [Obs.] Daniel.


   Un`dis*creet" (?), a. Indiscreet. Chaucer. -- Un`dis*creet"ly, adv. --
   -- Un`dis*creet"ness. -- Un`dis*cre"tion (#), n. Indiscretion.


   Un`dis*pen"sa*ble (?), a.

   1. Indispensable.

   2. Unavoidable; inevitable. [Obs.] Fuller.

   3. Not to be freed by dispensation. [Obs.]


   Un`dis*pensed" (?), a.

   1. Not dispensed.

   2. Not freed by dispensation. [R.] Tooker.


   Un`dis*pos"ed*ness (?), n. Indisposition; disinclination.


   Un*dis"pu*ta*ble     (?),     a.     Indisputable.     Addison.     --
   Un*dis"pu*ta*ble*ness, n.


   Un`dis*tinc"tive  (?),  a. Making no distinctions; not discriminating;

     As undistinctive Death will come here one day. Dickens.


   Un`dis*tinct"ly (?), adv. Indistinctly.


   Un`di*vid"ed (?), a.

   1.   Not   divided;  not  separated  or  disunited;  unbroken;  whole;
   continuous; as, plains undivided by rivers or mountains.

   2.  Not  set  off, as a share in a firm; not made actually separate by
   division;  as, a partner, owning one half in a firm, is said to own an
   undivided  half so long as the business continues and his share is not
   set off to him.

   3.  Not  directed  or  given  to  more  than one object; as, undivided
   attention or affection. Shak.

   4. (Bot.) Not lobed, cleft, or branched; entire.


   Un`di*vid"u*al (?), a. Indivisible. [Obs.]

     True courage and courtesy are undividual companions. Fuller.


   Un`di*vis"i*ble (?), a. Indivisible.


   Un*do" (?), v. t. [AS. und. See 1st Un-, and Do to perform.]

   1. To reverse, as what has been done; to annul; to bring to naught.

     What's done can not be undone. Shak.

     To-morrow,  ere the setting sun, She 'd all undo that she had done.

   2.  To loose; to open; to take to piece; to unfasten; to untie; hence,
   to unravel; to solve; as, to undo a knot; to undo a puzzling question;
   to undo a riddle. Tennyson.

     Pray you, undo this button. Shak.

     She  took  the  spindle, and undoing the thread gradually, measured
     it. Sir W. Scott.

   3.  To  bring  to  poverty;  to impoverish; to ruin, as in reputation,
   morals, hopes, or the like; as, many are undone by unavoidable losses,
   but more undo themselves by vices and dissipation, or by indolence.

     That quaffing and drinking will undo you, Shak.


   Un*dock"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + dock.] (Naut.) To take out of
   dock; as, to undock a ship.


   Un*do"er  (?),  n.  One who undoes anything; especially, one who ruins


   Un*do"ing, n.

   1. The reversal of what has been done.

   2. Ruin. "The utter undoing of some." Hooker.


   Un`do*mes"ti*cate  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + domesticate.] To make
   wild or roving.


   Un*done" (?), p. p. of Undo.


   Un*done", a. [Pref. un- not + done.] Not done or performed; neglected.


   Un*dou"ble  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + double.] To unfold, or render


   Un*doubt"a*ble (?), a. Indubitable.


   Un*doubt"ed,  a.  Not  doubted;  not  called in question; indubitable;
   indisputable;  as, undoubted proof; undoubted hero. -- Un*doubt"ed*ly,


   Un*drape"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + drape.] To strip of drapery; to
   uncover or unveil.


   Un*draw"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + draw.] To draw aside or open; to
   draw back.

     Angels undrew the curtain of the throne. Young.

                              Undreamed, Undreamt

   Un*dreamed"  (?),  Un*dreamt"  (?), a. Not dreamed, or dreamed of; not

     Unpathed waters, undreamed shores. Shak.


   Un*dress" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + dress.]

   1. To divest of clothes; to strip.

   2. To divest of ornaments to disrobe.

   3.  (Med.)  To  take the dressing, or covering, from; as, to undress a


   Un"dress (?), n.

   1.  A  loose,  negligent  dress; ordinary dress, as distinguished from
   full dress.

   2.  (Mil.  &  Naval)  An  authorized  habitual  dress  of officers and
   soldiers, but not full-dress uniform.
   Undress  parade  (Mil.), a substitute for dress parade, allowed in bad
   weather,  the  companies  forming without arms, and the ceremony being


   Un*du"bi*ta*ble  (?),  a.  Indubitable;  as, an undubitable principle.
   [Obs.] Locke.


   Un*due" (?), a.

   1. Not due; not yet owing; as, an undue debt, note, or bond.

   2.  Not right; not lawful or legal; improper; as, an undue proceeding.

   3.  Not  agreeable to a rule or standard, or to duty; disproportioned;
   excessive;  immoderate;  inordinate; as, an undue attachment to forms;
   an undue rigor in the execution of law.
   Undue   influence   (Law),   any   improper  or  wrongful  constraint,
   machination, or urgency of persuasion, by which one's will is overcome
   and  he  is  induced to do or forbear an act which he would not do, or
   would do, if left to act freely. Abbott.


   Un*due"ness, n. The quality of being undue.


   Un*duke"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + duke.] To deprive of dukedom.


   Un"du*lant (?), a. Undulating. [R.]


   Un"du*la*ry  (?),  a.  [See  Undulate.] Moving like waves; undulatory.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Un"du*late  (?),  a. [L. undulatus undulated, wavy, a dim. from unda a
   wave;  cf.  AS.  unnr; perhaps akin to E. water. Cf. Abound, Inundate,
   Redound, Surround.] Same as Undulated.


   Un"du*late  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Undulated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Undulating.] To cause to move backward and forward, or up and down, in
   undulations or waves; to cause to vibrate.

     Breath vocalized, that is, vibrated and undulated. Holder.


   Un"du*late,  v.  i.  To  move  in,  or  have, undulations or waves; to
   vibrate; to wave; as, undulating air.


   Un"du*la`ted (?), a.

   1.  Resembling,  or  in  the  nature of, waves; having a wavy surface;

   2.  (Bot.)  Waved  obtusely up and down, near the margin, as a leaf or
   corolla; wavy.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) Formed with elevations and depressions resembling waves;
   having wavelike color markings; as, an undulated shell.


   Un"du*la`ting,  a. Rising and falling like waves; resembling wave form
   or  motion;  undulatory;  rolling;  wavy;  as,  an  undulating medium;
   undulating ground. -- Un"du*la`ting*ly. adv.


   Un`du*la"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. ondulation.]

   1.  The  act  of  undulating;  a  waving  motion or vibration; as, the
   undulations of a fluid, of water, or of air; the undulations of sound.

   2. A wavy appearance or outline; waviness. Evelyn.

   3.  (Mus.)  (a)  The tremulous tone produced by a peculiar pressure of
   the  finger  on  a string, as of a violin. (b) The pulsation caused by
   the  vibrating  together  of  two tones not quite in unison; -- called
   also beat.

   4.  (Physics)  A motion to and fro, up and down, or from side to side,
   in  any  fluid  or  elastic  medium, propagated continuously among its
   particles,  but with no translation of the particles themselves in the
   direction of the propagation of the wave; a wave motion; a vibration.


   Un`du*la"tion*ist,  n.  One  who  advocates  the  undulatory theory of
   light.<-- Archaic. --> Whewell.


   Un"du*la*tive  (?),  a. Consisting in, or accompanied by, undulations;


   Un"du*la*to*ry (?; 277), a. [Cf. F. ondulatoire.] Moving in the manner
   of  undulations,  or  waves;  resembling  the  motion  of waves, which
   successively  rise  or  swell  rise or swell and fall; pertaining to a
   propagated  alternating  motion,  similar to that of waves. Undulatory
   theory,  OR  Wave  theory (of light) (Opt.), that theory which regards
   its  various  phenomena  as  due to undulations in an ethereal medium,
   propagated  from the radiant with immense, but measurable, velocities,
   and  producing  different impressions on the retina according to their
   amplitude  and frequency, the sensation of brightness depending on the
   former,  that  of color on the latter. The undulations are supposed to
   take  place,  not in the direction of propagation, as in the air waves
   constituting  sound,  but  transversely,  and the various phenomena of
   refraction,  polarization, interference, etc., are attributable to the
   different  affections  of these undulations in different circumstances
   of  propagation.  It is computed that the frequency of the undulations
   corresponding  to  the  several colors of the spectrum ranges from 458
   millions  of  millions  per  second  for  the  extreme red ray, to 727
   millions of millions for the extreme violet, and their lengths for the
   same  colors, from the thirty-eight thousandth to the sixty thousandth
   part  of an inch. The theory of ethereal undulations is applicable not
   only  to  the  phenomena of light, but also to those of heat. <-- this
   theory  as  stated  is essentially accepted, but elaborated by quantum
   theory. Mention of Maxwell's equations would be appropriate. -->


   Un*dull" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + dull.] To remove the dullness of;
   to clear. [Obs.] Whitlock.


   Un"du*lous (?), a. Undulating; undulatory.


   Un*du"ly (?), adv. In an undue manner.


   Un*dump"ish  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + dumpish.] To relieve from the
   dumps. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Un*dust" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + dust.] To free from dust. [Obs.]


   Un*dwell"a*ble  (?),  a.  Uninhabitable.  [Obs.] "A land undwellable."


   Un*dwelt" (?), a. Not lived (in); -- with in.


   Un*dy"ing (?), a. Not dying; imperishable; unending; immortal; as, the
   undying souls of men.


   Un*eared" (?), a. Not eared, or plowed. Shak.


   Un*earned"  (?),  a.  Not  earned;  not  gained  by  labor or service.
   Unearned increment (Polit. Econ.), a increase in the value of land due
   to  no  labor  or expenditure on the part of the owner, but to natural
   causes,  such  as  the increase of population, the growth of a town in
   the  vicinity,  or  the like. Some hold that this should belong to the
   nation.<-- these days called windfall profits -->


   Un*earth"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Unearthed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Unearthing.] [1st pref. un- + earth.] To drive or draw from the earth;
   hence,  to  uncover; to bring out from concealment; to bring to light;
   to disclose; as, to unearth a secret.

     To unearth the roof of an old tree. Wordsworth.


   Un*earth"ly,  a.  Not terrestrial; supernatural; preternatural; hence,
   weird;  appalling;  terrific;  as,  an  unearthly  sight  or sound. --
   Un*earth"li*ness (#), n.


   Un*ease" (?), n. Want of ease; uneasiness. [Obs.]


   Un*eas"i*ty (?), adv. In an easy manner.


   Un*eas"i*ness, n.

   1.  The  quality  or state of being uneasy; restlessness; disquietude;

   2. The quality of making uneasy; discomfort; as, the uneasiness of the
   road. [Obs.] Bp. Burnet.


   Un*eas"y (?), a.

   1. Not easy; difficult. [R.]

     Things . . . so uneasy to be satisfactorily understood. Boyle.

     The road will be uneasy to find. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  Restless;  disturbed  by  pain,  anxiety, or the like; disquieted;

     The  soul, uneasy and confined from home, Rests and expatiates in a
     life to come. Pope.

   3.  Not easy in manner; constrained; stiff; awkward; not graceful; as,
   an uneasy deportment.

   4.  Occasioning  want  of  ease; constraining; cramping; disagreeable;
   unpleasing. "His uneasy station." Milton.

     A  sour,  untractable nature makes him uneasy to those who approach
     him. Addison.


   Un*eath"  (?),  a. [AS. une\'a0; un- not + e\'a0 easily, easy; akin to
   OS. easy, OHG. .] Not easy; difficult; hard. [Obs.]

     Who he was, uneath was to descry. Spenser.


   Un*eath", adv. Not easily; hardly; scarcely. [Obs.]

     Uneath may she endure the flinty streets. Shak.


   Un*edge" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + edge.] To deprive of the edge; to
   blunt. J. Fletcher.


   Un`e*fec"tu*al (?), a. Ineffectual. "His uneffectual fire." Shak.


   Un`e*las"tic (?), a. Not elastic; inelastic.


   Un`e*las*tic"i*ty (?), n. Inelasticity.


   Un*el"e*gant (?), a. Inelegant.


   Un*el"i*gi*ble (?), a.Ineligible. Roger 


   Un`em*bar"rassed  (?),  a.  Not  embarrassed. Specifically: -- (a) Not
   perplexed   in   mind;   not   confused;   as,  the  speaker  appeared
   unembarrassed.  (b)  Free from pecuniary difficulties or encumbrances;
   as,  he  and  his property are unembarrassed. (c) Free from perplexing
   connection;  as,  the  question  comes  into  court unembarrassed with
   irrelevant matter.


   Un`em*bar"rass*ment (?), n. Freedom from embarrassment.


   Un`em*bod"ied (?), a.

   1.  Free  from  a corporeal body; disembodied; as, unembodied spirits.

   2.  Not  embodied;  not  collected into a body; not yet organized; as,
   unembodied militia.


   Un`em*pir"ic*al*ly  (?),  adv.  Not empirically; without experiment or


   Un`em*ployed" (?), a.

   1. Nor employed in manual or other labor; having no regular work.

   2. Not invested or used; as, unemployed capital.


   Un`en*cum"ber  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + encumber.] To free from
   incumbrance; to disencumber.


   Un*end"ly  (?),  a.  [Pref.  un-  not + end + -ly.] Unending; endless.
   [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.


   Un`en*tan"gle (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + entangle.] To disentangle.


   Un*e"qual (?), a. [Cf. Inequal.]

   1.  Not  equal;  not  matched;  not of the same size, length, breadth,
   quantity,  strength, talents, acquirements, age, station, or the like;
   as, the fingers are of unequal length; peers and commoners are unequal
   in rank.

   2.  Ill  balanced  or  matched; disproportioned; hence, not equitable;
   partial; unjust; unfair.

     Against unequal arms to fight in pain. Milton.

     Jerome,  a  very unequal relator of the opinion of his adversaries.
     John Worthington.

     To punish me for what you make me do Seems much unequal. Shak.

   3.   Not   uniform;   not  equable;  irregular;  uneven;  as,  unequal
   pulsations; an unequal poem.

   4.  Not  adequate  or sufficient; inferior; as, the man was unequal to
   the emergency; the timber was unequal to the sudden strain.

   5. (Bot.) Not having the two sides or the parts symmetrical.


   Un*e"qual*a*ble  (?),  a.  Not capable of being equaled or paralleled.
   [Obs.] Boyle.


   Un*e"qualed  (?),  a. Not equaled; unmatched; unparalleled; unrivaled;
   exceeding;  surpassing;  --  in  a  good  or  bad sense; as, unequaled
   excellence;   unequaled   ingratitude   or   baseness.  [Written  also


   Un*e"qual*ly (?), adv. In an unequal manner. Unequally pinnate (Bot.),
   pinnate, but with an odd number of leaflets.


   Un*e"qual*ness,  n. The quality or state of being unequal; inequality;
   unevenness. Jer. Taylor.


   Un*eq"ui*ta*ble (?), a. Inequitable.


   Un*eq"ui*ty   (?),  n.  Want  of  equity  or  uprightness;  injustice;
   wickedness; iniquity. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un`e*quiv"o*cal  (?),  a.  Not equivocal; not doubtful; not ambiguous;
   evident;  sincere; plain; as, unequivocal evidence; unequivocal words.
   -- Un`e*quiv"o*cal*ly, adv. -- Un`e*quiv"o*cal*ness, n.


   Un*err"ing  (?),  a.  Committing  no  mistake;  incapable  or error or
   failure certain; sure; unfailing; as, the unerring wisdom of God.

     Hissing in air the unerring weapon flew. Dryden.


   Un*err"ing*ly, adv. In an unerring manner.


   Un`es*sen"tial (?), a.

   1.   Not  essential;  not  of  prime  importance;  not  indispensable;
   unimportant. Addison.

   2. Void of essence, or real being. [R.] Milton.


   Un`es*sen"tial,  n.  Something  not constituting essence, or something
   which   is  not  of  absolute  necessity;  as,  forms  are  among  the
   unessentials of religion.


   Un`es*sen"tial*ly, adv. In an unessential manner.


   Un`es*tab"lish   (?),   v.   t.   [1st  pref.  un-  +  establish.]  To
   disestablish. [R.]

     The  Parliament demanded of the king to unestablish that prelatical
     government. Milton.

                                Ubeth, Unethes

   Ub*eth"  (?),  Un*ethes"  (?),  adv.  With  difficulty;  scarcely. See
   Uneath.  [Written also unethe, unneth, unnethe, unnethes, etc.] [Obs.]


   Un*e"ven (?), a. [AS. unefen. See Un- not, and Even, a.]

   1. Not even; not level; not uniform; rough; as, an uneven road or way;
   uneven ground.

   2. Not equal; not of equal length.

     Hebrew verse consists of uneven feet. Peacham.

   3.  Not divisible by two without a remainder; odd; -- said of numbers;
   as,   3,   7,   and  11  are  uneven  numbers.  Un*e"ven*ly,  adv.  --
   Un*e"ven*ness, n.


   Un*ev"i*ta*ble (?), a. Inevitable. [Obs.]


   Un`ex*act" (?), a. Not exact; inexact.


   Un`ex*am"pled (?), a. Having no example or similar case; being without
   precedent; unprecedented; unparalleled. "A revolution . . . unexampled
   for grandeur of results." De Quincey.


   Un`ex*cep"tion*a*ble (?), a. Not liable to any exception or objection;
   unobjectionable;  faultless;  good;  excellent;  as,  a  man  of  most
   unexceptionable  character.  --  Un`ex*cep"tion*a*ble*ness  (#), n. --
   Un`ex*cep"tion*a*bly, adv.

   Page 1573

     Chesterfield is an unexceptionable witness. Macaulay.


   Un`ex*cept"ive  (?),  a.  Not  exceptive; not including, admitting, or
   being, an exception.


   Un`ex*cus"a*ble (?), a. Inexcusable. Hayward. -- Un`ex*cus"a*ble*ness,


   Un`ex*haust"i*ble (?), a. Inexhaustible.


   Un*ex`pec*ta"tion  (?),  n. Absence of expectation; want of foresight.
   [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Un`ex*pect"ed (?), a. Not expected; coming without warning; sudden. --
   Un`ex*pect"ed*ly, adv. -- Un`ex*pect"ed*ness, n.


   Un`ex*pe"di*ent (?), a. Inexpedient. [Obs.]


   Un`ex*pen"sive (?), a. Inexpensive. Milton.


   Un`ex*pe"ri*ence (?), n. Inexperience. [Obs.]


   Un`ex*pe"ri*enced (?), a.

   1. Not experienced; being without experience; inexperienced. Swift.

   2. Untried; -- applied to things. Cheyne.


   Un`ex*pe"ri*ent (?), a. Inexperienced. [Obs.]


   Un`ex*pert" (?), a. Not expert; inexpert. Milton.


   Un`ex*pert"ly, adv. In an unexpert manner.


   Un`ex*press"i*ble     (?),    a.    Inexpressible.    Tillotson.    --
   Un`ex*press"i*bly, adv.


   Un`ex*press"ive (?), a.

   1. Not expressive; not having the power of utterance; inexpressive.

   2.   Incapable   of   being   expressed;  inexpressible;  unutterable;
   ineffable. [Obs.]

     Run,  run,  Orlando;  carve  on every tree The fair, the chaste and
     unexpressive she. Shak.

   -- Un`ex*press"ive*ly, adv.


   Un`ex*tin"guish*a*ble      (?),      a.      Inextinguishable.      --
   Un`ex*tin"guish*a*bly, adv.


   Un*ex"tri*ca*ble  (?),  a. Not extricable; inextricable. [Obs.] Dr. H.


   Un*face"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + face.] To remove the face or
   cover from; to unmask; to expose.


   Un*fail"a*ble  (?),  a.  Infallible.  [Obs.]  "This unfailable word of
   truth." Bp. Hall.


   Un*fail"ing,  a.  Not  failing;  not  liable  to  fail; inexhaustible;
   certain; sure. Dryden. -- Un*fail"ing*ly, adv. -- Un*fail"ing*ness, n.


   Un*fair"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + fair.] To deprive of fairness or
   beauty. [R.] Shak.


   Un*fair",  a. [AS. unf\'91ger unlovely. See Un- not, and Fair, a.] Not
   fair;  not  honest;  not  impartial;  disingenuous; using or involving
   trick or artifice; dishonest; unjust; unequal.

     You  come, like an unfair merchant, to charge me with being in your
     debt. Swift.

   -- Un*fair"ly, adv -- Un*fair"ness, n.


   Un*faith"  (?),  n. Absence or want of faith; faithlessness; distrust;
   unbelief. [R.]

     Faith  and  unfaith  can ne'er be equal powers: Unfaith in aught is
     want of faith in all. Tennyson.


   Un*faith"ful (?), a.

   1. Not faithful; not observant of promises, vows, allegiance, or duty;
   violating   trust  or  confidence;  treacherous;  perfidious;  as,  an
   unfaithful subject; an unfaithful agent or servant.

     My feet, through wine, unfaithful to their weight. Pope.

     His  honor  rooted in dishonor stood, And faith unfaithful kept him
     falsely true. Tennyson.

   2.  Not  possessing  faith;  infidel. [R.] Milton. -- Un*faith"ful*ly,
   adv. -- Un*faith"ful*ness, n.


   Un*fal"ca*ted (?), a.

   1. Not falcated, or hooked.

   2.  Having  no  deductions; not curtailed, or shortened; undiminished.
   [R.] Swift.


   Un*fal"li*ble (?), a. Infallible. Shak.


   Un*fas"ten (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + fasten.] To loose; to unfix; to
   unbind; to untie.


   Un*fa"thered (?), a.

   1. Having no father; fatherless; hence, born contrary to nature. Shak.

   2.  Having  no  acknowledged  father;  hence,  illegitimate; spurious;


   Un*fa"vor*a*ble  (?),  a.  Not  favorable;  not  propitious;  adverse;
   contrary;     discouraging.    --    Un*fa"vor*a*ble*ness,    n.    --
   Un*fa"vor*a*bly, adv.


   Un*feath"er  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + feather.] To deprive of
   feathers; to strip. [R.]


   Un*fea"tured  (?; 135), a. Wanting regular features; deformed. "Visage
   rough, deformed, unfeatured, and a skin of buff." Dryden.


   Un*feat"y  (?),  a.  [Un-  not  +  feat,  a.] Not feat; not dexterous;
   unskillful; clumsy. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.


   Un*feel"ing (?), a.

   1. Destitute of feeling; void of sensibility; insensible; insensate.

   2. Without kind feelings; cruel; hard-hearted.

     To  each his sufferings: all are men, Condemned alike to groan; The
     tender for another's pain, Th' unfeeling for his own. Gray.

   -- Un*feel"ing*ly, adv. -- Un*feel"ing*ness, n.


   Un*feigned"  (?),  a.  Not feigned; not counterfeit; not hypocritical;
   real;  sincere;  genuine;  as, unfeigned piety; unfeigned love to man.
   "Good  faith  unfeigned."  Chaucer.  --  Un*feign"ed*ly  (#),  adv. --
   Un*feign"ed*ness, n.


   Un*fel"low  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + fellow.] To prevent from being
   a fellow or companion; to separate from one's fellows; to dissever.

     Death quite unfellows us. Mrs. Browning.


   Un*fel"lowed  (?),  a. [Pref. un- + fellowed.] Being without a fellow;
   unmatched; unmated. Shak.


   Un*fence"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + fence.] To strip of a fence; to
   remove a fence from.


   Un*fer"tile    (?),    a.   Not   fertile;   infertile;   barren.   --
   Un*fer"tile*ness, n.


   Un*fest"lich  (?),  a.  Unfit  for a feast; hence, jaded; worn. [Obs.]


   Un*fet"ter  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + fetter.] To loose from fetters
   or  from  restraint;  to  unchain;  to  unshackle; to liberate; as, to
   unfetter the mind.


   Un*feu"dal*ize  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + feudalize.] To free from
   feudal customs or character; to make not feudal. Carlyle.


   Un*file"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + file.] To remove from a file or


   Un*filed"  (?),  a.  [Pref. un- not + filed, p. p. of file to defile.]
   Not defiled; pure. [Obs.] Surrey.


   Un*fil"ial  (?),  a. Unsuitable to a son or a daughter; undutiful; not
   becoming a child. -- Un*fil"ial*ly, adv.


   Un*fin"ished  (?),  a. Not finished, not brought to an end; imperfect;
   incomplete;  left in the rough; wanting the last hand or touch; as, an
   unfinished house; an unfinished picture; an unfinished iron casting.


   Un*firm" (?), a. Infirm. [R.] Dryden.


   Un*firm"ness, n. Infirmness. [R.]


   Un*fit"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + fit.] To make unsuitable or
   incompetent;  to  deprive  of the strength, skill, or proper qualities
   for anything; to disable; to incapacitate; to disqualify; as, sickness
   unfits a man for labor; sin unfits us for the society of holy beings.


   Un*fit", a. [Pref. un- + fit.] Not fit; unsuitable. -- Un*fit"ly, adv.
   -- Un*fit"ness, n.


   Un*fix" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + fix.]

   1.  To loosen from a fastening; to detach from anything that holds; to
   unsettle; as, to unfix a bayonet; to unfix the mind or affections.

   2. To make fluid; to dissolve. [R.]

     The  mountain  stands;  nor  can  the  rising sun Unfix her frosts.


   Un*fledged"  (?),  a.  Not  fledged;  not  feathered; hence, not fully
   developed; immature. Dryden.


   Un*flesh"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + flesh.] To deprive of flesh; to
   reduce a skeleton. "Unfleshed humanity." Wordsworth.


   Un*flesh"ly (?), a. Not pertaining to the flesh; spiritual.


   Un*flex"i*ble (?), a. Inflexible.


   Un*flinch"ing  (?),  a.  Not  flinching  or  shrinking; unyielding. --
   Un*flinch"ing*ly, adv.


   Un*flow"er  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + flower.] To strip of flowers.
   [R.] G. Fletcher.


   Un*fold" (?), v. t. [AS. unfealdan. See 1st Un-, and Fold, v. t.]

   1.  To  open  the  folds of; to expand; to spread out; as, to unfold a

     Unfold thy forehead gathered into frowns. Herbert.

   2.  To  open,  as  anything  covered  or close; to lay open to view or
   contemplation;  to  bring  out  in  all  the details, or by successive
   development;  to  display;  to  disclose;  to reveal; to elucidate; to
   explain;  as,  to  unfold one's designs; to unfold the principles of a

     Unfold the passion of my love. Shak.

   3. To release from a fold or pen; as, to unfold sheep.


   Un*fold", v. i. To open; to expand; to become disclosed or developed.

     The wind blows cold While the morning doth unfold. J. Fletcher.


   Un*fold"er (?), n. One who, or that which, unfolds.


   Un*fold"ment  (?),  n.  The  acct  of unfolding, or the state of being

     The extreme unfoldment of the instinctive powers. C. Morris.


   Un*fool"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + fool.] To restore from folly, or
   from being a fool. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un`fore*see" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + foresee.] To fail to foresee.
   Bp. Hacket.


   Un`fore*see"a*ble (?), a. Incapable of being foreseen. South.


   Un*fore"skinned  (?), a. [1st pref. un- + foreskin + -ed.] Deprived of
   the foreskin; circumcised. [R.] Milton.


   Un`for*get"ta*ble (?), a. Not forgettable; enduring in memory.

     Pungent and unforgettable truths. Emerson.


   Un*form"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + form.] To decompose, or resolve
   into parts; to destroy the form of; to unmake. [R.] Good.


   Un*formed"  (?), a. [In sense 1 properly p. p. of un form; in senses 2
   and 3 pref. un- not + formed.]

   1. Decomposed, or resolved into parts; having the form destroyed.

   2.  Not  formed; not arranged into regular shape, order, or relations;
   shapeless; amorphous.

   3.  (Biol.)  Unorganized;  without definite shape or structure; as, an
   unformed, or unorganized, ferment.
   Unformed  stars  (Astron.),  stars not grouped into any constellation;
   informed stars. See Sporades.


   Un*for"tu*nate  (?),  a.  Not fortunate; unsuccessful; not prosperous;
   unlucky;   attended  with  misfortune;  unhappy;  as,  an  unfortunate
   adventure;  an  unfortunate man; an unfortunate commander; unfortunate
   business.  --  n.  An  unfortunate person. Hood. -- Un*for"tu*nate*ly,
   adv. -- Un*for"tu*nate*ness, n.


   Un*found"ed (?), a.

   1. Not founded; not built or established. Milton.

   2.   Having   no  foundation;  baseless;  vain;  idle;  as,  unfounded
   expectations. Paley.


   Un*frame"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + frame.] To take apart, or
   destroy the frame of. Dryden.


   Un*fran"gi*ble   (?),   a.   Infrangible.   [Obs.]   "Impassible   and
   unfrangible." Jer. Taylor.


   Un*frank"a*ble  (?), a. Not frankable; incapable of being sent free by
   public conveyance.


   Un*fraught" (?), a.

   1. [Pref. un- not + fraught.] Not fraught; not burdened.

   2.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  fraught.]  Removed, as a burden; unloaded. P.


   Un*free" (?), a. Not free; held in bondage.

     There  had  always been a slave class, a class of the unfree, among
     the English as among all German peoples. J. R. Green


   Un*freeze" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + freeze.] To thaw. [Obs.]


   Un*fre"quen*cy (?), n. Infrequency.


   Un*fre"quent  (,  a.  [Pref.  un-  not  + frequent.] Infrequent. J. H.
   Newman. -- Un*fre"quent*ly adv.


   Un`fre*quent"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un- + frequent.] To cease to
   frequent. [Obs.]

     They quit their thefts and unfrequent the fields. J. Philips.


   Un`fre*quent"ed,  a.  [Pref. un- + frequented.] Rarely visited; seldom
   or  never  resorted  to  by human beings; as, an unfrequented place or
   forest. Addison.


   Un*fret"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + fret.] To smooth after being
   fretted. [Obs.]


   Un*friend" (?), n. One not a friend; an enemy. [R.] Carlyle.


   Un*friend"ed,  a. Wanting friends; not befriended; not countenanced or
   supported. Goldsmith.

     If  Richard  indeed  does  come back, it must be alone, unfollowed,
     unfriended. Sir W. Scott.


   Un*friend"ly, a.

   1.  Not  friendly;  not kind or benevolent; hostile; as, an unfriendly

   2.  Not  favorable;  not adapted to promote or support any object; as,
   weather unfriendly to health. -- Un*friend"li*ness (#), n.


   Un*friend"ship,   n.   The  state  or  quality  of  being  unfriendly;
   unfriendliness; enmity.

     An act of unfriendship to my sovereign person. Sir W. Scott.


   Un*frock"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + frock.] To deprive or divest or
   a  frock; specifically, to deprive of priestly character or privilege;
   as, to unfrock a priest.


   Un*fruit"ful  (?),  a. Not producing fruit or offspring; unproductive;
   infertile;   barren;  sterile;  as,  an  unfruitful  tree  or  animal;
   unfruitful  soil;  an  unfruitful  life or effort. -- Un*fruit"ful*ly,
   adv. -- Un*fruit"ful*ness, n.


   Un*fumed" (?), a. Not exposed to fumes; not fumigated. Milton.


   Un*furl"  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  [1st pref. un- + furl.] To loose from a
   furled  state;  to unfold; to expand; to open or spread; as, to unfurl
   sails; to unfurl a flag.


   Un*fur"nish  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  furnish.]  To strip of
   furniture; to divest; to strip.


   Un*fu"si*ble (?), a. Infusible. [R.]


   Un*gain"  (?),  a.  [OE.  ungein.  See  Ungainly.]  Ungainly;  clumsy;
   awkward; also, troublesome; inconvenient. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Beau. &


   Un*gain"li*ness,   n.   The   state  or  quality  of  being  ungainly;


   Un*gain"ly,  a. [OE. ungeinliche, adv., fr. ungein inconvenient; un- +
   Icel.  gegn  ready, serviceable; adv., against, opposite. See Un- not,
   and Gain, a., Again.]

   1.  Not gainly; not expert or dexterous; clumsy; awkward; uncouth; as,
   an ungainly strut in walking.

     His ungainly figure and eccentric manners. Macaulay.

   2. Unsuitable; unprofitable. [Obs.] Hammond.


   Un*gain"ly, adv. In an ungainly manner.


   Un*gear"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un- + gear.] To strip of gear; to
   unharness; to throw out of gear.


   Un*geld"  (?),  n.  [Pref. un- not + geld payment.] (Anglo-Sax. Law) A
   person  so  far  out  of  the  protection  of the law, that if he were
   murdered, no geld, or fine, should be paid, or composition made by him
   that killed him. Cowell. Burrill.


   Un*gen"er*ous  (?),  a.  Not  generous;  illiberal;  ignoble;  unkind;

     The victor never will impose on Cato Ungenerous terms. Addison.


   Un*gen"er*ous*ly, adv. In an ungenerous manner.


   Un*gen"i*tured  (?),  a.  [Pref.  un-  not  +  geniture.] Destitute of
   genitals; impotent. [R.] Shak.


   Un*gen"tle  (?),  a.  Not  gentle;  lacking good breeding or delicacy;

     Vicious, ungentle, foolish, blunt, unkind. Shak.

     That  ungentle flavor which distinguishes nearly all our native and
     uncultivated grapes. Hawthorne.

   -- Un*gen"tle*ness, n. -- Un*gen"tly (#), adv.


   Un*get" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + get.] To cause to be unbegotten or
   unborn, or as if unbegotten or unborn. [R.]

     I 'll disown you, I 'll disinherit you, I 'll unget you. Sheridan.


   Un*gift"ed  (?),  a.  Being  without gifts, especially native gifts or
   endowments. Cowper.


   Un*gird"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + gird.] To loose the girdle or
   band of; to unbind; to unload.

     He ungirded his camels. Gen. xxiv. 32.


   Un*give" (?), v. t. & i. [1st pref. un- (intensive) + give.] To yield;
   to relax; to give way. [Obs.]


   Ung"ka (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The siamang; -- called also ungka ape.


   Ung"ka-pu`ti  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  agile  gibbon; -- called also
   ungka-pati, and ungka-etam. See Gibbon.


   Un*glaze"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + glaze.] To strip of glass; to
   remove the glazing, or glass, from, as a window.


   Un*glo"ri*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un- + glorify.] To deprive of
   glory. [R.] I. Watts.


   Un*glo"ri*ous (?), a. Inglorious. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un*glove" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + glove.] To take off the glove or
   gloves of; as, to unglove the hand. Beau. & Fl.


   Un*glue"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + glue.] To separate, part, or
   open, as anything fastened with glue.

     She  stretches,  gapes, unglues her eyes, And asks if it be time to
     rise. Swift.


   Un*god" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + god.]

   1. To deprive of divinity; to undeify. [R.] Donne.

   2.  To  cause  to  recognize  no  god;  to  deprive  of a god; to make
   atheistical. [R.] Dryden.


   Un*god"ly, a.

   1.  Not  godly; not having regard for God; disobedient to God; wicked;
   impious; sinful.

   2. Polluted by sin or wickedness.

     The hours of this ungodly day. Shak.

   <--   3.   outrageous,   awful   -->  --  Un*god"li*ly  (#),  adv.  --
   Un*god"li*ness, n.

   Page 1574


   Un*gored" (?), a. [Pref. un- + gore blood.] Not stained with gore; not
   bloodied. Sylvester.


   Un*gored"  (?), a. [Pref. un- + gored, p. p. of 3d gore.] Not gored or

                                Ungot, Ungotten

   Un*got" (?), Un*got"ten (?), a.

   1. Not gotten; not acquired.

   2.  Not  begotten.  [Obs.  or  Poetic]  "His  loins  yet full of ungot
   princes." Waller.


   Un*gov"ern*a*ble   (?),  a.  Not  governable;  not  capable  of  being
   governed,  ruled,  or  restrained;  licentious;  wild;  unbridled; as,
   ungovernable passions. -- Un*gov"ern*a*bly, adv. Goldsmith.


   Un*gown"  (?),  v.  t. [1 st pref. un- + gown.] To strip of a gown; to


   Un*gowned" (?), a.

   1. [1 st pref. un- + gown.] Stripped of a gown; unfrocked.

   2. [Pref. un- not + gowned.] Not having, or not wearing, a gown.


   Un*grace"ful  (?),  a. Not graceful; not marked with ease and dignity;
   deficient  in  beauty and elegance; inelegant; awkward; as, ungraceful
   manners; ungraceful speech.

     The  other  oak  remaining a blackened and ungraceful trunk. Sir W.

   -- Un*grace"ful*ly, adv. -- Un*grace"ful*ness, n.


   Un*gra"cious (?), a.

   1.  Not  gracious;  showing  no  grace or kindness; being without good
   will; unfeeling. Shak.

   2. Having no grace; graceless; wicked. [Obs.] Shak.

   3.   Not  well  received;  offensive;  unpleasing;  unacceptable;  not

     Anything  of  grace  toward  the  Irish rebels was as ungracious at
     Oxford as at London. Clarendon.

   -- Un*gra"cious*ly, adv. -- Un*gra"cious*ness, n.


   Un*grate"  (?),  a.  Displeasing;  ungrateful;  ingrate.  [Obs.]  Jer.


   Un*grate"ful (?), a.

   1. Not grateful; not thankful for favors; making no returns, or making
   ill return for kindness, attention, etc.; ingrateful. South.

   2.  Unpleasing;  unacceptable;  disagreeable;  as,  harsh  sounds  are
   ungrateful  to the ear. -- Un*grate"ful*ly, adv. -- Un*grate"ful*ness,


   Un*grave" (?), v. t. [1 st pref. un- + grave.] To raise or remove from
   the grave; to disinter; to untomb; to exhume. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Un"gual (?), a. [L. unguis a nail, claw, hoof.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to a nail, claw, talon, or hoof, or resembling

   2.  Having a nail, claw, or hoof attached; -- said of certain bones of
   the feet.


   Un*guard"  (?), v. t. [1 st pref. un- + guard.] To deprive of a guard;
   to leave unprotected. [R.] Sterne.


   Un"gue*al (?), a. [Cf. F. ongu\'82al. See Ungual.] Ungual.


   Un"guent  (?; 277), n. [L. unguentum, from unguere, ungere, to anoint:
   cf.  F. onguent. See Ointment, and cf. Unction, Unctuous.] A lubricant
   or salve for sores, burns, or the like; an ointment. Cowper.

     NOTE: &hand; An unguent is stiffer than a liniment, but softer than
     a cerate.


   Un"guen*ta*ry (?), a. [L. unguentarius.] Like an unguent, or partaking
   of its qualities.


   Un*guen"tous (?), a. Unguentary.


   Un*guest"like  (?),  adv.  In  a  manner not becoming to a guest. [R.]


   Un"guic*al (?), a. [L. unguis a nail or claw. Cf. Ungual.] Ungual.


   Un*guic"u*lar  (?),  a.  [L. unguiculus, dim. of unguis a nail.] Of or
   pertaining to a claw or a nail; ungual.


   Un*guic`u*la"ta  (?),  n.  pl. [NL., fr. L. unguiculus a finger nail.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  An  extensive  division of Mammalia including those having
   claws or nails, as distinguished from the hoofed animals (Ungulata).


   Un*guic"u*late (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Unguiculata.

                           Unguiculate, Unguiculated

   Un*guic"u*late, Un*guic"u*la`ted (?), a.

   1.  Furnished  with nails, claws, or hooks; clawed. See the Note under
   Nail, n., 1.

   2.  (Bot.)  Furnished  with a claw, or a narrow stalklike base, as the
   petals of a carnation.


   Un*guif"er*ous  (?), a. [L. unguis nail or claw + -ferous.] Producing,
   having, or supporting nails or claws.


   Un"gui*form  (?),  a.  [L.  unguis a nail or claw + -form.] Having the
   form of a claw or claws.


   Un"gui*nous (?), a. [L. unguinosus, fr. unguen, -inis, fat, ointment.]
   Consisting of, or resembling, fat or oil; oily; unctuous; oleaginous.


   Un"guis (?), n.; pl. Ungues (#). [L., nail, claw, or hoof.]

   1.  The  nail,  claw,  talon,  or  hoof  of  a  finger,  toe, or other

   2. (Zo\'94l.) One of the terminal hooks on the foot of an insect.

   3.  (Bot.) The slender base of a petal in some flowers; a claw; called
   also ungula.


   Un"gu*la  (?), n.; pl. Ungul\'91 (#). [L., a claw, hoof, from unguis a
   nail, claw, hoof.]

   1. A hoof, claw, or talon.

   2.  (Geom.)  A  section or part of a cylinder, cone, or other solid of
   revolution,  cut off by a plane oblique to the base; -- so called from
   its resemblance to the hoof of a horse.

   3. (Bot.) Same as Unguis, 3.
   Spherical  ungula  (Geom.),  a  part of a sphere bounded by two planes
   intersecting in a diameter and by a line of the surface of the sphere.


   Un"gu*lar  (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to a hoof, claw, or talon;


   Un`gu*la"ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  L. ungula hoof.] (Zo\'94l.) An
   extensive  group  of  mammals  including all those that have hoofs. It
   comprises the Artiodactyla and Perissodactyla.


   Un"gu*late (?), a. [L. ungulatus. See Ungula.]

   1. Shaped like a hoof.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) Furnished with hoofs. See the Note under Nail, n., 1.


   Un"gu*late, n. (Zo\'94l.) Any hoofed quadruped; one of the Ungulata.


   Un"guled  (?), a. [L. ungula a claw.] (Her.) Hoofed, or bearing hoofs;
   -- used only when these are of a tincture different from the body.


   Un"gu*li*grade  (?),  a.  [L. ungula hoof + gradi to walk.] (Zo\'94l.)
   Having, or walking on, hoofs.


   Un"gu*lous (?), a. [See Ungula.] (Zo\'94l.) Same as Ungulate.


   Un*hair" (?), v. t. [1 st pref. un- + hair.] To deprive of hair, or of
   hairs; as, to unhair hides for leather.

     I 'll unhair thy head. Shak.


   Un*hal"low  (?),  v.  t.  [1  st  pref.  un- + hallow.] To profane; to

     The vanity unhallows the virtue. L'Estrange.


   Un*hal"lowed  (?),  a.  [Pref.  un-  not + hallowed.] Not consecrated;
   hence, profane; unholy; impious; wicked.

     In  the  cause  of  truth,  no  unhallowed violence . . . is either
     necessary or admissible. E. D. Griffin.


   Un*hand"  (?),  v. t. [1 st pref. un- + hand.] To loose from the hand;
   to let go.

     Hold off! unhand me, gray beard loon! Eftsoons his hand dropped he.


   Un*hand"some (?), a.

   1.  Not  handsome;  not beautiful; ungraceful; not comely or pleasing;
   plain; homely.

     Were she other than she is, she were unhandsome. Shak.

     I  can not admit that there is anything unhandsome or irregular . .
     . in the globe. Woodward.

   2.  Wanting  noble or amiable qualities; dishonorable; illiberal; low;
   disingenuous;  mean; indecorous; as, unhandsome conduct, treatment, or
   imputations. "Unhandsome pleasures." J. Fletcher.

   3. Unhandy; clumsy; awkward; inconvenient. [Obs.]

     The ships were unwieldy and unhandsome. Holland.

     A narrow, straight path by the water's side, very unhandsome for an
     army  to  pass  that  way,  though they found not a man to keep the
     passage. Sir T. North.

   -- Un*hand"some*ly, adv. -- Un*hand"some*ness, n.


   Un*hand"y (?), a. Clumsy; awkward; as, an Unhandy man.


   Un*hang" (?), v. t. [1 st pref. un- + hang.]

   1. To divest or strip of hangings; to remove the hangings, as a room.

   2.  To remove (something hanging or swinging) from that which supports
   it; as, to unhang a gate.


   Un*hap" (?), n. Ill luck; misfortune. [Obs.] "The cause of her unhap."
   Sir P. Sidney.


   Un*hap"pied (?), a. Made unhappy. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*hap"py (?), a.

   1.  Not  happy  or  fortunate;  unfortunate; unlucky; as, affairs have
   taken an unhappy turn.

   2.  In  a degree miserable or wretched; not happy; sad; sorrowful; as,
   children render their parents unhappy by misconduct.

   3.  Marked  by  infelicity; evil; calamitous; as, an unhappy day. "The
   unhappy morn." Milton.

   4. Mischievous; wanton; wicked. [Obs.] Shak. -- Un*hap"pi*ly (#), adv.
   -- Un*hap"pi*ness, n.


   Un*har"bor  (?), v. t. [1 st pref. un- + harbor.] To drive from harbor
   or shelter.


   Un*har"bored (?), a. [Pref. un- not + harbored.]

   1. Having no harbor or shelter; unprotected.

   2. Affording no harbor or shelter. "Unharbored heaths." [Obs.] Milton.


   Un`har*mo"ni*ous (?), a. Inharmonious; unsymmetrical; also, unmusical;
   discordant. Swift. -- Un`har*mo"ni*ous*ly, adv.


   Un*har"ness (?), v. t. [1 st pref. un- + harness.]

   1.  To  strip  of  harness;  to  loose  from  harness  or gear; as, to
   unharness horses or oxen. Cowper.

   2. To disarm; to divest of armor. Holinshed.


   Un*hasp"  (?),  v. t. [1 st pref. un- + hasp.] To unloose the hasp of;
   to unclose.


   Un*hat"  (?),  v.  t. & i. [1 st pref. un- + hat.] To take off the hat
   of; to remove one's hat, especially as a mark of respect. H. Spenser.


   Un*head" (?), v. t. [1 st pref. un- + head.]

   1. To take out the head of; as, to unhead a cask.

   2. To decapitate; to behead. [Obs.] T. Brown.


   Un*heal"  (?), n. [Pref. un- not + heal health.] Misfortune; calamity;
   sickness. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un*heal", v. t. To uncover. See Unhele. [Obs.]


   Un"health (?), n. Unsoundness; disease.


   Un*heard" (?), a.

   1.  Not  heard;  not  perceived by the ear; as, words unheard by those

   2.  Not  granted  an  audience or a hearing; not allowed to speak; not
   having   made   a  defense,  or  stated  one's  side  of  a  question;
   disregarded; unheeded; as, to condemunheard.

     What pangs I feel, unpitied and unheard! Dryden.

   3. Not known to fame; not illustrious or celebrated; obscure.

     Nor was his name unheard or unadored. Milton.

   Unheard  of.  (a)  Not  heard  of;  of which there are no tidings. (b)
   Unknown to fame; obscure. Glanvill.


   Un*heard"-of (?), a. New; unprecedented; unparalleled. Swift.


   Un*heart" (?), v. t. [1 st pref. un- + heart.] To cause to lose heart;
   to dishearten. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*heed"y (?), a. Incautious; precipitate; heedless. [Obs.] Milton.


   Un*heired" (?), a. Destitute of an heir.

     To leave him utterly unheired. Chapman.


   Un*hele" (?), n. Same as Unheal, n. [Obs.]


   Un*hele",  v.  t.  [AS.  unhelian. See 1st Un-, and Hele to cover.] To
   uncover. [Obs.] Spenser. Marston.


   Un*helm" (?), v. t. [1 st pref. un- + helm.] To deprive of the helm or
   helmet. Sir W. Scott.


   Un*helmed" (?), a.

   1.  [Properly  p.  p.  of unhelm.] Divested or deprived of the helm or

   2. [Pref. un- not + helm.] Not wearing a helmet; without a helmet. Sir
   W. Scott.


   Un*hel"met  (?),  v.  t.  [1 st pref. un- + helmet.] To deprive of the
   helmet. Sir W. Scott.


   Un*hide"  (?),  v.  t.  [1  st  pref.  un-  + hide.] To bring out from
   concealment; to discover. [Obs.] P. Fletcher.


   Un*hinge" (?), v. t. [1 st pref. un- + hinge.]

   1. To take from the hinges; as, to unhinge a door.

   2. To displace; to unfix by violence. Blackmore.

   3.  To  render unstable or wavering; to unsettle; as, to unhinge one's
   mind or opinions; to unhinge the nerves.

     Why should I then unhinge my brains, ruin my mind? South.

     His  sufferings,  nay  the  revolutions of his fate, had not in the
     least unhinged his mind. Walpole.


   Un*hinge"ment  (?),  n.  The  act  unhinging,  or  the  state of being


   Un*hitch"  (?),  v.  t.  [1  st pref. un- + hitch.] To free from being
   hitched,  or  as  if from being hitched; to unfasten; to loose; as, to
   unhitch a horse, or a trace.


   Un*hive" (?), v. t. v. t. [1 st pref. un- + hive.]

   1. To drive or remove from a hive.

   2. To deprive of habitation or shelter, as a crowd.


   Un*hoard" (?), v. t. [1 st pref. un- + hoard.] To take or steal from a
   hoard; to pilfer. Milton.


   Un*hold"  (?),  v.  t.  [1  st pref. un- + hold.] To cease to hold; to
   unhand; to release. [Obs.] Otway.


   Un*ho"ly  (?),  a.  Not  holy;  unhallowed;  not  consecrated;  hence,
   profane;  wicked;  impious. -- Un*ho"li*ly (#), adv. -- Un*ho"li*ness,


   Un*hon"est  (?), a. Dishonest; dishonorable. Ascham. -- Un*hon"est*ly,
   adv. Udall.


   Un*hood"  (?),  v.  t.  [1  st  pref. un- + hood.] To remove a hood or
   disguise from. Quarterly Rev.


   Un*hook"  (?), v. t. [1 st pref. un- + hook.] To loose from a hook; to
   undo or open by loosening or unfastening the hooks of; as, to unhook a
   fish; to unhook a dress.


   Un*hoop"  (?),  v.  t. [1 st pref. un- + hoop.] To strip or deprive of
   hoops; to take away the hoops of.


   Un*hoped"  (?),  a.  Not  hoped  or  expected. "With unhoped success."

     Blessings of friends, which to my door Unasked, unhoped, have come.
     J. N. Newman.


   Un*hoped"-for (?), a. Unhoped; unexpected.


   Un*horse"  (?), v. t. [1 st pref. un- + horse.] To throw from a horse;
   to  cause  to  dismount;  also, to take a horse or horses from; as, to
   unhorse a rider; to unhorse a carriage. Cowper.


   Un*hosed" (?), a. Without hose.


   Un*hos"pi*ta*ble (?), a. Inhospitable.


   Un*house"  (?),  v. t. [1 st pref. un- + house.] To drive from a house
   or habitation; to dislodge; hence, to deprive of shelter.


   Un*housed" (?), a.

   1.  [Properly  p.  p.  of  unhouse.]  Driven from a house; deprived of

   2.  [Pref.  un-  +  housed.]  Not  provided  with  a house or shelter;
   houseless; homeless.


   Un*hou"seled  (?),  a.  Not  having  received  the  sacrament.  [Obs.]
   [Written also unhouselled.]

     To  die  like  the  houseless  dog  on yonder common, unshriven and
     unhouseled. Sir W. Scott.


   Un*hu"man (?), a. Not human; inhuman.


   Un*hu"man*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [1  st  pref.  un- + humanize.] To render
   inhuman or barbarous. J. Barlow.


   Un*husked" (?), a.

   1.  [Pref.  un- not + husked.] Not husked; having the husk on. <-- #2.
   "husked"  here  means  having the husk removed. This word has opposite
   meanings. -->

   2.  [1 st pref. un- + husk, n.] Having the husk removed; without husk.
   Bp. Hall.


   U"ni-  (?).  [L. unus one. See One.] A prefix signifying one, once; as
   in uniaxial, unicellular.

                                 Uniat, Uniate

   U"ni*at  (?),  U"ni*ate  (?), n. (Eccl.) A member of the Greek Church,
   who  nevertheless  acknowledges the supremacy of the Pope of Rome; one
   of the United Greeks. Also used adjectively.


   U`ni*ax"al (?), a. [Uni + axal.] Uniaxial. -- U`ni*ax"al*ly, adv.


   U`ni*ax"i*al (?), a. [Uni + axial.]

   1.  (Crystallog.)  Having  but  one  optic  axis, or line of no double

     NOTE: &hand; In uniaxial crystals, the optic axis has the direction
     of the vertical crystallographic axis. All tetragonal and hexagonal
     crystals are uniaxial.

   2.  (Biol.)  Having  only  one axis; developing along a single line or
   plane; -- opposed to multiaxial.


   U`ni*ax"i*al*ly, adv. In a uniaxial manner.


   U`ni*bran"chi*ate  (?),  a. [Uni- + branchiate.] (Zo\'94l.) Having but
   one gill, as certain molluscs.

   Page 1575


   U`ni*cam"e*ral (?), a. [Uni- + L. camera vault.] Having, or consisting
   of,  a  single  chamber;  --  said  of a legislative assembly. [R.] F.


   U`ni*cap"su*lar  (?).  [Uni- + capsular: cf. F. unicapsulaire.] (Bot.)
   Having but one capsule to each flower.


   U`ni*car"i*na`ted  (?),  a.  [Uni-  +  carinated.] Having one ridge or
   keel. Craig.


   U"ni*celled` (?), a. [Uni- + cell.] (Biol.) Unicellular.


   U`ni*cel"lu*lar  (?),  a. [Uni- + cellular.] Having, or consisting of,
   but a single cell; as, a unicellular organism.


   U`ni*cen"tral (?), a. [Uni- + central.] (Biol.) Having a single center
   of  growth.  Unicentral  development,  that  form of development which
   takes  place primarily around a single central point, as in the lowest
   of unicellular organisms.


   U*nic"i*ty  (?),  n.  [L. unicus single. See Unique.] The condition of
   being united; quality of the unique; unification.

     Not unity, but what the schoolmen call unicity. De Quincey.

     The  unicity  we strive not to express, for that is impossible, but
     to designate by the nearest analogy. Coleridge.


   U`ni*cli"nal (?), a. [Uni- + Gr. (Geol.) See Nonoclinal.


   U`ni*col"or*ous  (?), a. [Uni- + color.] (Zo\'94l.) Having the surface
   of a uniform color.


   U"ni*corn (?), n. [OE. unicorne, F. unicorne, L. unicornis one-horned,
   having  a  single  horn;  unus one + cornu a horn; cf. L. unicornuus a
   unicorn. See One, and Horn.]

   1.   A  fabulous  animal  with  one  horn;  the  monoceros;  --  often
   represented in heraldry as a supporter.

   2.  A  two-horned  animal  of  some  unknown  kind,  so  called in the
   Authorized Version of the Scriptures.

     Canst thou bind the unicorn with his band in the furrow? Job xxxix.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e un icorn me ntioned in the Scripture was probably
     the urus. See the Note under Reem.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large beetle having a hornlike prominence on the
   head or prothorax. (b) The larva of a unicorn moth.

   4. (Zo\'94l.) The kamichi; -- called also unicorn bird.

   5. (Mil.) A howitzer. [Obs.]
   Fossil  unicorn, OR Fossil unicorn's horn (Med.), a substance formerly
   of  great repute in medicine; -- named from having been supposed to be
   the  bone  or  the horn of the unicorn. -- Unicorn fish, Unicorn whale
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  narwhal.  --  Unicorn moth (Zo\'94l.), a notodontian
   moth  (C\'d2lodasys  unicornis) whose caterpillar has a prominent horn
   on its back; -- called also unicorn prominent. -- Unicorn root (Bot.),
   a  name  of  two  North American plants, the yellow-flowered colicroot
   (Aletris  farinosa) and the blazing star (Cham\'91lirium luteum). Both
   are  used in medicine. -- Unicorn shell (Zo\'94l.), any one of several
   species  of  marine  gastropods having a prominent spine on the lip of
   the shell. Most of them belong to the genera Monoceros and Leucozonia.


   U`ni*cor"nous  (?),  a.  [See Unicorn.] (Zo\'94l.) Having but a single
   horn; -- said of certain insects. "Unicornous beetles." Sir T. Browne.


   U`ni*cos"tate  (?), a. [Uni- + costate.] (Bot.) Having a single rib or
   strong nerve running upward from the base; -- said of a leaf.


   U`ni*cur"sal (?), a. [Uni- + L. currere, cursum, to run.] (Geom.) That
   can  be  passed  over  in a single course; -- said of a curve when the
   co\'94rdinates  of the point on the curve can be expressed as rational
   algebraic functions of a single parameter th.

     NOTE: &hand; As  th varies minus infinity to plus infinity, to each
     value  of  th  there  corresponds  one,  and only one, point of the
     curve,  while to each point on the curve there corresponds one, and
     only  one,  value  of th. Straight lines, conic sections, curves of
     the third order with a nodal point, curves of the fourth order with
     three double points, etc., are unicursal.


   Un`i*de"aed  (?),  a. Having no ideas; senseless; frivolous. "Unideaed
   girls." Mrs. Hemans.

     He [Bacon] received the unideaed page [Villiers] into his intimacy.
     Lord Campbell.


   Un`i*de"al (?), a.

   1. Not ideal; real; unimaginative.

   2. Unideaed. [R.] Johnson.


   Un`i*di*men"sion*al  (?),  a. [Uni- + dimensional.] (Math.) Having but
   one dimension. See Dimension.


   U`ni*fa"cial  (?),  a.  [Uni- + facial.] Having but one front surface;
   as,  some  foliaceous  corals  are  unifacial,  the polyp mouths being
   confined to one surface.


   U*nif"ic (?), a. Making one or unity; unifying.


   U`ni*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [See Unify.] The act of unifying, or the state
   of being unified.

     Unification  with  God  was  the  final aim of the Neoplatonicians.


   U"ni*fi`er  (?), n. One who, or that which, unifies; as, a natural law
   is a unifier of phenomena.


   U`ni*fi"lar  (?),  a.  [Uni-  +  L.  filum  a thread.] Having only one
   thread;  involving  the  use  of  only one thread, wire, fiber, or the
   like;  as,  unifilar  suspension.  Unifilar magnetometer (Physics), an
   instrument which consists of a magnetic bar suspended at its center of
   gravity by a long thread, constituting a delicate means for accurately
   measuring  magnetic  intensities, also for determining declinations of
   the magnetic needle.


   U`ni*fla*gel"late  (?), a. [Uni- + flagellate.] (Biol.) Having but one
   flagellum; as, uniflagellate organisms.


   U`ni*flo"rous  (?),  a.  [Uni-  +  L.  flos,  floris, a flower: cf. F.
   uniflore.] (Bot.) Bearing one flower only; as, a uniflorous peduncle.


   U`ni*fol"li*ate (?), a. [Uni- + foliate.] (Bot.) Having only one leaf.


   U`ni*fol"li*late  (?),  a.  [Uni- + foliolate.] (Bot.) Having only one
   leaflet, as the leaves of the orange tree.


   U"ni*form  (?),  a.  [L.  uniformis;  unus  one  +  forma from: cf. F.

   1.  Having  always  the  same  form, manner, or degree; not varying or
   variable;  unchanging;  consistent; equable; homogenous; as, the dress
   of  the  Asiatics has been uniform from early ages; the temperature is
   uniform; a stratum of uniform clay. Whewell.

   2.  Of the same form with others; agreeing with each other; conforming
   to one rule or mode; consonant.

     The only doubt is . . . how far churches are bound to be uniform in
     their ceremonies. Hooker.

   Uniform  matter,  that  which  is  all  of  the same kind and texture;
   homogenous  matter.  --  Uniform  motion, the motion of a body when it
   passes over equal spaces in equal times; equable motion. Hutton.


   U"ni*form,  n.  [F. uniforme. See Uniform, a.] A dress of a particular
   style or fashion worn by persons in the same service or order by means
   of  which  they  have a distinctive appearance; as, the uniform of the
   artillery, of the police, of the Freemasons, etc.

     There are many things which, a soldier will do in his plain clothes
     which he scorns to do in his uniform. F. W. Robertson.

   In  full  uniform (Mil.), wearing the whole of the prescribed uniform,
   with  ornaments,  badges  of  rank,  sash,  side arms, etc. -- Uniform
   sword, an officer's sword of the regulation pattern prescribed for the
   army or navy.


   U"ni*form, v. t.

   1. To clothe with a uniform; as, to uniform a company of soldiers.

   2. To make conformable. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.


   U`ni*form"al (?), a. Uniform. [Obs.] Herrick.


   U"ni*form`ism   (?),  n.  [From  Uniform.]  (Geol.)  The  doctrine  of
   uniformity  in  the  geological  history  of  the  earth;  --  in part
   equivalent  to  uniformitarianism,  but  also  used,  more broadly, as
   opposed to catastrophism.


   U`ni*form`i*ta"ri*an   (?),   a.   (Geol.)   Of,   pertaining  to,  or
   designating,  the view or doctrine that existing causes, acting in the
   same  manner and with essentially the same intensity as at the present
   time, are sufficient to account for all geological changes.


   U`ni*form`i*ta"ri*an, n. (Geol.) One who accepts uniformitarianism, or
   the uniformitarian doctrine.


   U`ni*form`i*ta"ri*an*ism (?), n. (Geol.) The uniformitarian doctrine.


   U`ni*form"i*ty (?), n. [L. uniformitas: cf. F. uniformit\'82.]

   1.  The  quality  or state of being uniform; freedom from variation or
   difference;  resemblance  to  itself at all times; sameness of action,
   effect, etc., under like conditions; even tenor; as, the uniformity of
   design in a poem; the uniformity of nature.

   2. Consistency; sameness; as, the uniformity of a man's opinions.

   3.  Similitude  between  the  parts  of a whole; as, the uniformity of
   sides  in  a  regular  figure; beauty is said to consist in uniformity
   with variety.

   4. Continued or unvaried sameness or likeness.

   5.  Conformity  to  a  pattern  or  rule;  resemblance, consonance, or
   agreement;  as,  the uniformity of different churches in ceremonies or
   Act  of Uniformity (Eng. Hist.), an act of Parliament, passed in 1661,
   prescribing  the form of public prayers, administration of sacraments,
   and  other  rites of the Established Church of England. Its provisions
   were modified by the "Act of Uniformity Amendment Act," of 1872.


   U"ni*form`ly  (?),  adv.  In  a  uniform  manner; without variation or
   diversity;  by  a  regular,  constant, or common ratio of change; with
   even tenor; as, a temper uniformly mild. To vary uniformly (Math.), to
   vary  with the ratio of the corresponding increments constant; -- said
   of two dependent quantities with regard to each other.


   U"ni*from`ness, n. The quality or state of being uniform; uniformity.


   U"ni*fy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Unified (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Unifying
   (?).] [Uni- + -fy: cf. F. unifier.] To cause to be one; to make into a
   unit; to unite; to view as one.

     A comprehensive or unifying act of the judging faculty. De Quincey.

     Perception is thus a unifying act. Sir W. Hamilton.


   U`ni*gen"i*ture  (?),  n.  [L.  unigenitus  only-begotten;  unus one +
   gignere,  genitum,  to  beget.]  The state of being the only begotten.
   [R.] Bp. Pearson.


   U*nig"e*nous  (?),  a.  [L.  unigena;  unus  one + genere, gignere, to
   beget.] (Biol.) Being of one kind; being of the same genus.


   U*nij"u*gate  (?),  a.  [Uni-  +  L. jugum yoke, pair: cf. L. unijugus
   having one yoke.] (Bot.) Having but one pair of leaflets; -- said of a
   pinnate leaf.


   U`ni*la"bi*ate  (?),  a. [Uni- + labiate.] (Bot.) Having one lip only;
   as, a unilabiate corolla.


   U`ni*lat"er*al (?), a. [Uni- + lateral: cf. F. unilat\'82ral.]

   1. Being on one side only; affecting but one side; one-sided.

   2. (Biol.) Pertaining to one side; one-sided; as, a unilateral raceme,
   in  which  the  flowers grow only on one side of a common axis, or are
   all turned to one side.
   Unilateral  contract  (Law), a contract or engagement requiring future
   action only by one party.


   U`ni*lit"er*al  (?),  a.  [Uni-  +  literal.] Consisting of one letter
   only; as, a uniliteral word or sign.


   U`ni*lo"bar (?), a. [Uni- + lobar.] Consisting of a single lobe.


   U`ni*loc"u*lar  (?), a. [Uni- + locular: cf. F. uniloculaire.] (Biol.)
   Having one cell or cavity only; as, a unilocular capsule or shell.


   Un*im"i*ta*ble (?), a. Inimitable. [Obs.]


   Un`im*pair"a*ble (?), a. That can not be impaired. Hakewill.


   Un`im*peach"a*ble  (?),  a.  Not  impeachable;  not  to  be  called in
   question; exempt from liability to accusation; free from stain, guilt,
   or  fault; irreproachable; blameless; as, an unimpeachable reputation;
   unimpeachable  testimony.  Burke.  --  Un`im*peach"a*ble*ness,  n.  --
   Un`im*peach"a*bly, adv.


   Un*im"pli*cate  (?),  a.  Not  implicated.  "Unimplicate in folly." R.


   Un`im*por"tance (?), n. Want of importance; triviality. Johnson.


   Un`im*proved" (?), a.

   1.  Not improved; not made better or wiser; not advanced in knowledge,
   manners, or excellence.

   2.  Not  used;  not  employed;  especially, not used or employed for a
   valuable  purpose; as, unimproved opportunities; unimproved blessings.

   3.  Not  tilled,  cultivated,  or built upon; yielding no revenue; as,
   unimproved land or soil.


   U`ni*mus"cu*lar  (?),  a.  [Uni- muscular.] (Zo\'94l.) Having only one
   adductor  muscle,  and  one  muscular impression on each valve, as the
   oyster; monomyarian.


   Un`in*cum"bered (?), a.

   1. Not incumbered; not burdened.

   2. (Law) Free from any temporary estate or interest, or from mortgage,
   or other charge or debt; as, an estate unincumbered with dower.


   Un`in*frin"gi*ble   (?),   a.  That  may  not  be  infringed;  as,  an
   uninfringible monopoly.


   Un`in*tel"li*gence  (?), n. Absence or lack of intelligence; unwisdom;
   ignorance. Bp. Hall.


   Un*in"ter*essed (?), a. Uninterested; unaffected. [Obs.] Glanvill.


   Un*in"ter*est*ed (?), a.

   1.  Not  interested;  not  having  any interest or property in; having
   nothing at stake; as, to be uninterested in any business.

   2.  Not having the mind or the passions engaged; as, uninterested in a
   discourse or narration.


   Un*in`ter*mis"sion  (?),  n. Want or failure of intermission. [R.] Bp.


   U`ni*nu"cle*a`ted (?), a. [Uni- + nucleated.] (Biol.) Possessed of but
   a single nucleus; as, a uninucleated cell.


   U"ni*o  (?),  n. [NL., fr. L. unio unity, union, a single large pearl.
   See  Union.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of numerous species of fresh-water
   mussels belonging to Unio and many allied genera.


   U`ni*oc"u*lar  (?),  a.  [Uni- + ocular.] Of, pertaining to, or seated
   in, one eye; monocular.


   Un"ion  (?;  277), n. [F., from L. unio oneness, union, a single large
   pearl, a kind of onion, fr. unus one. See One, and cf. Onion, Unit.]

   1.  The  act of uniting or joining two or more things into one, or the
   state of being united or joined; junction; coalition; combination.

     NOTE: &hand; Un ion differs from connection, as it implies that the
     bodies are in contact, without an interconnected by the in

     2.  Agreement and conjunction of mind, spirit, will, affections, or
     the like; harmony; concord.

     3.  That  which  is  united,  or  made  one;  something formed by a
     combination  or  coalition  of parts or members; a confederation; a
     consolidated  body;  a league; as, the weavers have formed a union;
     trades  unions  have  become  very  numerous;  the United States of
     America are often called the Union. A. Hamilton.

     4.  A  textile fabric composed of two or more materials, as cotton,
     silk, wool, etc., woven together.

     5. A large, fine pearl. [Obs.]

     If  they [pearls] be white, great, round, smooth, and weighty . . .
     our  dainties and delicates here at Rome . . . call them unions, as
     a man would say "singular," and by themselves alone. Holland.

     In  the  cup  an  union shall he throw, Richer than that which four
     successive kings In Denmark's crown have worn. Shak.

     6. A device emblematic of union, used on a national flag or ensign,
     sometimes,  as  in the military standard of Great Britain, covering
     the  whole  field;  sometimes, as in the flag of the United States,
     and  the  English  naval and marine flag, occupying the upper inner
     corner,  the  rest  of  the flag being called the fly. Also, a flag
     having such a device; especially, the flag of Great Britain.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e union of the United States ensign is a cluster of
     white stars, denoting the union of the States, and, properly, equal
     in number to that of the States, displayed on a blue field; the fly
     being  composed of alternate stripes of red and white. The union of
     the  British ensign is the three crosses of St. George, St. Andrew,
     and  St.  Patrick  in  combination,  denoting the union of England,
     Scotland  and  Ireland,  displayed  on a blue field in the national
     banner  used  on  shore,  on  a  red, white, or blue field in naval
     ensigns, and with a white border or fly in the merchant service.

   Page 1576

   7.  (Mach.) A joint or other connection uniting parts of machinery, or
   the  like, as the elastic pipe of a tender connecting it with the feed
   pipe of a locomotive engine; especially, a pipe fitting for connecting
   pipes,  or  pipes  and  fittings,  in  such  a  way  as  to facilitate

   8.  (Brewing)  A cask suspended on trunnions, in which fermentation is
   carried on.
   Hypostatic  union  (Theol.)  See under Hypostatic. -- Latin union. See
   under  Latin.  --  Legislative  Union (Eng. Hist.), the union of Great
   Britain  and  Ireland, which took place Jan. 1, 1801. -- Union, OR Act
   of  Union  (Eng.  Hist.),  the  act  by  which  Scotland was united to
   England,  or  by which the two kingdoms were incorporated into one, in
   1707. -- Union by the first, OR second, intention. (Surg.) See To heal
   by  the  first,  OR  second, intention, under Intention. -- Union down
   (Naut.),  a  signal  of distress at sea made by reversing the flag, or
   turning  its  union downward. -- Union jack. (Naut.) See Jack, n., 10.
   --  Union joint. (Mech.) (a) A joint formed by means of a union. (b) A
   piece  of  pipe  made  in  the  form  of  the letter T. Syn. -- Unity;
   junction;   connection;  concord;  alliance;  coalition;  combination;
   confederacy. -- Union, Unity. Union is the act of bringing two or more
   things  together  so  as to make but one, or the state of being united
   into  one.  Unity  is a state of simple oneness, either of essence, as
   the  unity of God, or of action, feeling, etc., as unity of design, of
   affection,  etc.  Thus, we may speak of effecting a union of interests
   which  shall  result  in  a  unity of labor and interest in securing a
   given object.

     One kingdom, joy, and union without end. Milton.

     [Man]  is to . . . beget Like of his like, his image multiplied. In
     unity defective; which requires Collateral love, and dearest amity.


   Un"ion*ism (?), n.

   1.  The  sentiment of attachment to a federal union, especially to the
   federal union of the United States.

   2. The principles, or the system, of combination among workmen engaged
   in the same occupation or trade.


   Un"ion*ist, n.

   1.  One  who advocates or promotes union; especially a loyal supporter
   of a federal union, as that of the United States.

   2. A member or supporter of a trades union.


   Un`ion*is"tic  (?), a. Of or pertaining to union or unionists; tending
   to promote or preserve union.


   U`ni*o"vu*late  (?),  a.  [Uni-  + ovulate.] (Bot.) Containing but one


   U*nip"a*ra  (?),  n.  [NL.  See  Uniparous.] A woman who has borne one


   U*nip"a*rous (?), a. [Uni- + L. parere to bring forth.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) Producing but one egg or young at a time.

   2.  (Bot.)  Producing  but  one  axis of inflorescence; -- said of the
   scorpioid cyme.


   U"ni*ped  (?),  a. [Uni- + L. pes, pedis, foot.] Having only one foot.


   U"ni*per"son*al (?), a. [Uni- + personal.]

   1. Existing as one, and only one, person; as, a unipersonal God.

   2.  (Gram.)  Used  in  only  one  person, especially only in the third
   person, as some verbs; impersonal.


   U`ni*per"so*nal*ist,  n.  (Theol.)  One who believes that the Deity is


   U*niph"o*nous  (?),  a. [Uni- + Gr. Having but one sound, as the drum.


   U*nip"li*cate  (?), a. [Uni- + plicate.] Having, or consisting of, but
   one fold.


   U`ni*po"lar (?), a. [Uni- + polar.]

   1. (Physics) Having, or acting by means of, one pole only.

   2.  (Anat.)  Having  but  one  pole  or  process;  -- applied to those
   ganglionic  nerve  cells  which  have  but  one  radiating process; --
   opposed to multipolar.
   Unipolar  induction (Elec.), induction, as in a conducting circuit, by
   only  one  pole  of  a magnet. -- Unipolar stimulation (Physiol.), the
   simulation  sometimes  produced  when  one  electrode  of an induction
   apparatus  is  applied  to  a nerve; -- called also unipolar induction
   action. Du Bois-Reymond.


   U*nique"  (?), a. [F. unique; cf. It. unico; from L. unicus, from unus
   one.  See  One.]  Being without a like or equal; unmatched; unequaled;
   unparalleled;  single in kind or excellence; sole. -- U*nique"ly, adv.
   -- U*nique"ness, n.


   U*nique",   n.   A  thing  without  a  like;  something  unequaled  or
   unparalleled. [R.]

     The phenix, the unique pf birds. De Quincey.


   U*niq"ui*ty  (?), n. The quality or state of being unique; uniqueness.
   [R.] Walpole.


   U`ni*ra"di*a`ted (?), a. [Uni- + radiated.] Having but one ray.


   U`ni*ra"mous  (?), a. [Uni- + L. ramus branch.] (Biol.) Having but one


   U`ni*sep"tate  (?), a. [Uni- + septate.] (Bot.) Having but one septum,
   or  partition;  --  said of two-celled fruits, such as the silicles of
   cruciferous plants.


   U`ni*se"ri*al (?), a. [Uni- + serial.] Having only one row or series.


   U`ni*se"ri*ate  (?),  a.  [Uni- + seriate.] Having one line or series;
   uniserial. -- U`ni*se"ri*ate*ly, adv.


   U`ni*sex"u*al  (?),  a.  [Uni-  +  sexual:  cf. F. unisexuel.] (Biol.)
   Having  one sex only, as plants which have the male and female flowers
   on separate individuals, or animals in which the sexes are in separate
   individuals;   di&oe;cious;   --   distinguished   from  bisexual,  or
   hermaphrodite. See Di&oe;cious.


   U`ni*sil"i*cate   (?),   n.  [Uni-  +  silicate.]  (Min.)  A  salt  of
   orthosilicic  acid,  H4SiO4;  --  so  called  because the ratio of the
   oxygen  atoms  united  to the basic metals and silicon respectively is
   1:1; for example, Mg2SiO4 or 2MgO.SiO2.


   U"ni*son (?; 277), n. [LL. unisonus having the same sound; L. unus one
   +  sonus  a  sound:  cf. F. unisson, It. unisono. See One, and Sound a

   1. Harmony; agreement; concord; union.

   2.  (Mus.) Identity in pitch; coincidence of sounds proceeding from an
   equality  in  the  number of vibrations made in a given time by two or
   more sonorous bodies. Parts played or sung in octaves are also said to
   be in unison, or in octaves.

     NOTE: &hand; If  two cords of the same substance have equal length,
     thickness,  and  tension,  they are said to be in unison, and their
     sounds  will  be  in unison. Sounds of very different qualities and
     force  may  be  in  unison, as the sound of a bell may be in unison
     with  a  sound  of  a  flute. Unison, then, consists in identity of
     pitch  alone,  irrespective of quality of sound, or timbre, whether
     of instruments or of human voices. A piece or passage is said to be
     sung or played in unison when all the voices or instruments perform
     the  same  part,  in which sense unison is contradistinguished from

   3. A single, unvaried. [R.] Pope.
   In unison, in agreement; agreeing in tone; in concord.


   U"ni*son (?; 277), a. [Cf. It. unisono. See Unison, n.]

   1. Sounding alone. [Obs.]

     [sounds] intermixed with voice, Choral or unison. Milton.

   2.  (Mus.)  Sounded  alike  in pitch; unisonant; unisonous; as, unison
   passages, in which two or more parts unite in coincident sound.


   U*nis"o*nal  (?),  a.  Being  in unison; unisonant. -- U*nis"o*nal*ly,


   U*nis"o*nance (?), n. [See Unisonant.] Accordance of sounds; unison.


   U*nis"o*nant  (?),  a.  [Uni-  + sonant. See Unison.] Being in unison;
   having  the  same  degree  of  gravity  or acuteness; sounded alike in


   U*nis"o*nous (?), a. [See Unison.] Being in unison; unisonant. Busby.


   U"nit (?), n. [Abbrev. from unity.]

   1. A single thing or person.

   2. (Arith.) The least whole number; one.

     Units are the integral parts of any large number. I. Watts.

   3.  A  gold  coin  of  the  reign  of James I., of the value of twenty
   shillings. Camden.

   4.  Any  determinate  amount  or  quantity  (as of length, time, heat,
   value)  adopted  as  a  standard  of  measurement for other amounts or
   quantities of the same kind.

   5.  (Math.)  A  single thing, as a magnitude or number, regarded as an
   undivided whole.
   Abstract  unit, the unit of numeration; one taken in the abstract; the
   number  represented  by  1.  The  term  is  used  in  distinction from
   concrete,  or  determinate, unit, that is, a unit in which the kind of
   thing is expressed; a unit of measure or value; as 1 foot, 1 dollar, 1
   pound, and the like. -- Complex unit (Theory of Numbers), an imaginary
   number  of  the  form a + b-1, when a2 + b2 = 1. -- Duodecimal unit, a
   unit  in  the scale of numbers increasing or decreasing by twelves. --
   Fractional  unit,  the  unit  of  a  fraction;  the  reciprocal of the
   denominator; thus, is the unit of the fraction . -- Integral unit, the
   unit of integral numbers, or 1. -- Physical unit, a value or magnitude
   conventionally adopted as a unit or standard in physical measurements.
   The various physical units are usually based on given units of length,
   mass,  and  time,  and  on  the  density  or  other properties of some
   substance,  for  example,  water.  See Dyne, Erg, Farad, Ohm, Poundal,
   etc.  --  Unit deme (Biol.), a unit of the inferior order or orders of
   individuality.  --  Unit  jar  (Elec.), a small, insulated Leyden jar,
   placed  between the electrical machine and a larger jar or battery, so
   as  to announce, by its repeated discharges, the amount of electricity
   passed  into  the larger jar. -- Unit of heat (Physics), a determinate
   quantity  of  heat  adopted  as a unit of measure; a thermal unit (see
   under  Thermal).  Water  is the substance generally employed, the unit
   being  one  gram or one pound, and the temperature interval one degree
   of  the  Centigrade or Fahrenheit scale. When referred to the gram, it
   is  called the gram degree. The British unit of heat, or thermal unit,
   used by engineers in England and in the United States, is the quantity
   of  heat  necessary  to  raise one pound of pure water at and near its
   temperature  of  greatest  density (39.1 Fahr.) through one degree of
   the Fahrenheit scale. Rankine. -- Unit of illumination, the light of a
   sperm candle burning 120 grains per hour. Standard gas, burning at the
   rate  of  five  cubic  feet  per hour, must have an illuminating power
   equal  to  that  of  fourteen  such candles. -- Unit of measure (as of
   length,  surface,  volume, dry measure, liquid measure, money, weight,
   time,  and  the like), in general, a determinate quantity or magnitude
   of  the  kind designated, taken as a standard of comparison for others
   of  the same kind, in assigning to them numerical values, as 1 foot, 1
   yard,  1  mile,  1 square foot, 1 square yard, 1 cubic foot, 1 peck, 1
   bushel, 1 gallon, 1 cent, 1 ounce, 1 pound, 1 hour, and the like; more
   specifically,  the  fundamental unit adopted in any system of weights,
   measures,  or money, by which its several denominations are regulated,
   and  which  is itself defined by comparison with some known magnitude,
   either  natural or empirical, as, in the United States, the dollar for
   money,  the  pound  avoirdupois  for  weight, the yard for length, the
   gallon of 8.3389 pounds avoirdupois of water at 39.8 Fahr. (about 231
   cubic  inches)  for  liquid measure, etc.; in Great Britain, the pound
   sterling,  the  pound  troy,  the  yard,  or  part  of the length of a
   second's pendulum at London, the gallon of 277.274 cubic inches, etc.;
   in  the metric system, the meter, the liter, the gram, etc. -- Unit of
   power.  (Mach.)  See  Horse  power. -- Unit of resistance. (Elec.) See
   Resistance,  n.,  4, and Ohm. -- Unit of work (Physics), the amount of
   work  done  by  a  unit  force  acting through a unit distance, or the
   amount  required to lift a unit weight through a unit distance against
   gravitation. See Erg, Foot Pound, Kilogrammeter. -- Unit stress (Mech.
   Physics),  stress  per  unit  of  area;  intensity  of  stress.  It is
   expressed in ounces, pounds, tons, etc., per square inch, square foot,
   or  square  yard,  etc.,  or  in  atmospheres, or inches of mercury or
   water, or the like.


   U*nit"a*ble (?), a. Capable of union by growth or otherwise. Owen.


   U`ni*ta"ri*an (?), n. [Cf. F. unitaire, unitairien, NL. unitarius. See

   1. (Theol.) One who denies the doctrine of the Trinity, believing that
   God  exists  only  in  one  person;  a  unipersonalist; also, one of a
   denomination of Christians holding this belief.

   2. One who rejects the principle of dualism.

   3. A monotheist. [R.] Fleming.


   U`ni*ta"ri*an  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  Unitarians,  or their


   U`ni*ta"ri*an*ism  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. unitairianisme.] The doctrines of


   U`ni*ta"ri*an*ize  (?),  v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p Unitarianized (?); p.
   pr.  &  vb.  n.  Unitarianizing  (?).]  To change or turn to Unitarian


   U"nit*a*ry (?), a.

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to a unit or units; relating to unity; as, the
   unitary method in arithmetic.

   2. Of the nature of a unit; not divided; united.
   Unitary  theory  (Chem.),  the modern theory that the molecules of all
   complete  compounds  are  units,  whose  parts  are  bound together in
   definite  structure,  with  mutual  and  reciprocal  influence on each
   other,  and  are not mere aggregations of more or less complex groups;
   -- distinguished from the dualistic theory.
   U*nite" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. United; p. pr. & vb. n. Uniting.] [L.
   unitus, p. p. of unire to unite, from unus one. See One.] 

   1.  To  put  together  so  as  to  make  one;  to join, as two or more
   constituents,  to  form  a  whole; to combine; to connect; to join; to
   cause  to adhere; as, to unite bricks by mortar; to unite iron bars by
   welding; to unite two armies.

   2.  Hence,  to join by a legal or moral bond, as families by marriage,
   nations  by  treaty,  men by opinions; to join in interest, affection,
   fellowship,  or  the  like;  to  cause  to  agree;  to  harmonize;  to
   associate; to attach.

     Under  his  great  vicegerent reign abide, United as one individual
     soul. Milton.

     The  king  proposed  nothing  more than to unite his kingdom in one
     form of worship. Clarendon.

   Syn. -- To add; join; annex; attach. See Add.


   U*nite", v. i.

   1.  To  become  one; to be cemented or consolidated; to combine, as by
   adhesion or mixture; to coalesce; to grow together.

   2.  To  join  in an act; to concur; to act in concert; as, all parties
   united in signing the petition.


   U*nite",  a  [L.  unitus,  p.  p. See Unite, v. t.] United; joint; as,
   unite consent. [Obs.] J. Webster.


   U*nit"ed,  a. Combined; joined; made one. United Brethren. (Eccl.) See
   Moravian,  n. -- United flowers (Bot.), flowers which have the stamens
   and  pistils  in the same flower. -- The United Kingdom, Great Britain
   and  Ireland;  -- so named since January 1, 1801, when the Legislative
   Union  went into operation. -- United Greeks (Eccl.), those members of
   the  Greek Church who acknowledge the supremacy of the pope; -- called
   also uniats.


   U*nit"ed*ly, adv. In an united manner. Dryden.


   U*nit"er (?), n. One who, or that which, unites.


   U*nit"er*a*ble  (?),  a.  Not  iterable;  incapable of being repeated.
   [Obs.] "To play away an uniterable life." Sir T. Browne.


   U*ni"tion (?), n. [LL. unitio, from L. unire. See Unite,v. t.] The act
   of uniting, or the state of being united; junction. [Obs.] Wiseman.


   U"ni*tive  (?),  a. [LL. unitivus: cf. F. unitif.] Having the power of
   uniting; causing, or tending to produce, union. Jer. Taylor.


   U"ni*tive*ly, adv. In a unitive manner. Cudworth.


   U"nit*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Unitized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Unitizing  (?).]  To  reduce  to  a unit, or one whole; to form into a
   unit; to unify.


   U"ni*tude (?), n. Unity. [R.] H. Spenser.


   U"ni*ty  (?), n.; pl. Unities (#). [OE. unite, F. unit\'82, L. unitas,
   from unus one. See One, and cf. Unit.]

   1. The state of being one; oneness.

     Whatever we can consider as one thing suggests to the understanding
     the idea of unity. Locks.

     NOTE: &hand; Unity is affirmed of a simple substance or indivisible
     monad,  or  of several particles or parts so intimately and closely
     united  as to constitute a separate body or thing. See the Synonyms
     under Union.

   2.  Concord;  harmony; conjunction; agreement; uniformity; as, a unity
   of proofs; unity of doctrine.

     Behold,  how  good  and  how  pleasant  it is for brethren to dwell
     together in unity! Ps. cxxxiii. 1.

   3.  (Math.)  Any  definite  quantity,  or  aggregate  of quantities or
   magnitudes  taken  as  one,  or  for  which  1  is  made  to  stand in
   calculation;  thus,  in  a  table  of natural sines, the radius of the
   circle is regarded as unity.

     NOTE: &hand; The number 1, when it is not applied to any particular
     thing, is generally called unity.

   4.  (Poetry & Rhet.) In dramatic composition, one of the principles by
   which  a  uniform  tenor  of story and propriety of representation are
   preserved;   conformity   in  a  composition  to  these;  in  oratory,
   discourse,  etc., the due subordination and reference of every part to
   the  development of the leading idea or the eastablishment of the main

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e Gr eek drama, the three unities required were
     those  of action, of time, and of place; that is, that there should
     be  but  one  main  plot;  that the time supposed should not exceed
     twenty-four  hours;  and  that  the  place of the action before the
     spectators should be one and the same throughout the piece.

   5.  (Fine  Arts & Mus.) Such a combination of parts as to constitute a
   whole, or a kind of symmetry of style and character.

   6.  (Law) The peculiar characteristics of an estate held by several in
   joint tenancy.

     NOTE: &hand; The properties of it are derived from its unity, which
     is  fourfold; unity of interest, unity of title, unity of time, and
     unity of possession; in other words, joint tenants have one and the
     same  interest, accruing by one and the same conveyance, commencing
     at  the  same  time,  and  held  by  one  and  the  same  undivided
     possession.  Unity  of possession is also a joint possession of two
     rights in the same thing by several titles, as when a man, having a
     lease  of  land,  afterward  buys  the  fee  simple,  or, having an
     easement in the land of another, buys the servient estate.

   Page 1577

   At  unity,  at  one. -- Unity of type. (Biol.) See under Type. Syn. --
   Union; oneness; junction; concord; harmony. See Union.


   U*niv"a*lence (?), n. (Chem.) The quality or state of being univalent.


   U*niv"a*lent  (?),  a. [Uni- + L. valens, -entis, p. pr. See Valence.]
   (Chem.)  Having  a  valence  of  one; capable of combining with, or of
   being  substituted  for,  one atom of hydrogen; monovalent; -- said of
   certain atoms and radicals.


   U"ni*valve (?), n. [Uni- + valve: cf. F. univalve.] (Zo\'94l.) A shell
   consisting  of  one valve only; a mollusk whose shell is composed of a
   single piece, as the snails and conchs.

     NOTE: &hand; Mo st un ivalves ar e sp iral an d ar e th e shells of
     gastropods,  but  many belong to cephalopods and pteropods. A large
     number  of  univalves  belonging  to  the  gastropods  are conical,
     cup-shaped, or shieldlike, as the limpets.

                              Univalve, Univalved

   U"ni*valve  (?),  U"ni*valved  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  univalve.]  (Bot. &
   Zo\'94l.) Having one valve; as, a univalve shell or pericarp.


   U`ni*val"vi*a (, n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) Same as Gastropoda.


   U`ni*val"vu*lar (?), a. (Bot. & Zo\'94l.) Same as Univalve, a.


   U`ni*ver"sal  (?),  a.  [L.  universalis:  cf.  F. universel, OF. also
   universal. See Universe.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  universe; extending to, including, or
   affecting,  the  whole number, quantity, or space; unlimited; general;
   all-reaching;  all-pervading;  as,  universal  ruin;  universal  good;
   universal benevolence or benefice. "Anointed universal King." Milton.

     The universal cause Acts not by partial, but by general laws. Pope.

     This universal frame began. Dryden.

     NOTE: &hand; Un iversal an d it s de rivatives ar e us ed in common
     discourse for general and its derivatives. See General.

   2.  Constituting  or  considered as a whole; total; entire; whole; as,
   the universal world. Shak.

     At  which  the  universal  host  up  dent  A shout that tore Hell's
     concave. Milton.

   3.  (Mech.)  Adapted  or  adaptable to all or to various uses, shapes,
   sizes, etc.; as, a universal milling machine.

   4.  (Logic)  Forming  the  whole  of  a genus; relatively unlimited in
   extension;  affirmed  or  denied  of  the  whole  of  a subject; as, a
   universal  proposition;  --  opposed  to  particular; e. g. (universal
   affirmative)  All  men  are  animals;  (universal negative) No men are
   Universal  chuck  (Mach.),  a chuck, as for a lathe, having jaws which
   can  be  moved simultaneously so as to grasp objects of various sizes.
   --  Universal  church,  the  whole  church  of  God  in the world; the
   catholic  church.  See  the  Note  under Catholic, a., 1. -- Universal
   coupling. (Mach.) Same as Universal joint, below. -- Universal dial, a
   dial by which the hour may be found in any part of the world, or under
   any  elevation  of  the  pole.  --  Universal  instrument (Astron.), a
   species  of  altitude and azimuth instrument, the peculiarity of which
   is,  that the object end of the telescope is placed at right angles to
   the  eye  end,  with a prism of total reflection at the angle, and the
   eye   end  constitutes  a  portion  of  the  horizontal  axis  of  the
   instrument,  having the eyepiece at the pivot and in the center of the
   altitude  circle, so that the eye has convenient access to both at the
   same  time. -- Universal joint (Mach.), a contrivance used for joining
   two  shafts  or  parts  of a machine endwise, so that the one may give
   rotary  motion to the other when forming an angle with it, or may move
   freely  in  all directions with respect to the other, as by means of a
   cross  connecting  the  forked  ends of the two shafts (Fig. 1). Since
   this joint can not act when the angle of the shafts is less than 140,
   a  double  joint  of the same kind is sometimes used for giving rotary
   motion at angles less than 140 (Fig. 2). -- Universal umbel (Bot.), a
   primary  or  general  umbel;  the  first  or  largest set of rays in a
   compound  umbel; -- opposed to partial umbel. A universal involucre is
   not  unfrequently  placed  at  the  foot of a universal umbel. Syn. --
   General; all; whole; total. See General.
   U`ni*ver"sal, n.
   1. The whole; the general system of the universe; the universe. [Obs.]
     Plato calleth God the cause and original, the nature and reason, of
     the universal. Sir W. Raleigh.
   2.  (Logic)  (a)  A  general abstract conception, so called from being
   universally  applicable  to,  or  predicable  of,  each  individual or
   species   contained   under  it.  (b)  A  universal  proposition.  See
   Universal, a., 4.


   U`ni*ver*sa"li*an   (?),   a.   Of   or  pertaining  to  Universalism;
   Universalist. [R.]


   U`ni*ver"sal*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. universalisme.] (Theol.) The doctrine
   or  belief  that  all  men will be saved, or made happy, in the future


   U`ni*ver"sal*ist (?), n. [Cf. F. universaliste.]

   1. (Theol.) One who believes in Universalism; one of a denomination of
   Christians holding this faith.

   2.  One who affects to understand all the particulars in statements or
   propositions. [Obs.] Bentley.


   U`ni*ver"sal*ist  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to Unversalists of their


   U`ni*ver`sal*is"tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to the whole; universal.


   U`ni*ver*sal"i*ty   (?),   n.;   pl.   Universalties   (#).   [Cf.  F.
   universalit\'82.]  The  quality or state of being universal; unlimited
   extension   or   application;   generality;   --   distinguished  from
   particularity;  as,  the unversality of a proposition; the unversality
   of sin; the unversality of the Deluge.


   U`ni*ver"sal*ize  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Universalized (?); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Universalizing (?).] [Cf. F. universaliser.] To make universal;
   to generalize. Coleridge.


   U`ni*ver"sal*ly,  adv.  In  a universal manner; without exception; as,
   God's laws are universally binding on his creatures.


   U`ni*ver"sal*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  universal;


   U"ni*verse (?), n. [L. universum, from universus universal; unus one +
   vertere,  versum, to turn, that is, turned into one, combined into one
   whole;  cf. F. univers. See One, and Verse.] All created things viewed
   as  constituting  one system or whole; the whole body of things, or of
   phenomena; the mundus of the Latins; the world; creation.

     How  may I Adore thee, Author of this universe And all this good to
     man! Milton.


   U`ni*ver"si*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Universities  (#). [OE. universite, L.
   universitas all together, the whole, the universe, a number of persons
   associated  into  one  body, a society, corporation, fr. universus all
   together, universal: cf. F. universit\'82. See Universe.]

   1. The universe; the whole. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.

   2. An association, society, guild, or corporation, esp. one capable of
   having and acquiring property. [Obs.]

     The  universities, or corporate bodies, at Rome were very numerous.
     There were corporations of bakers, farmers of the revenue, scribes,
     and others. Eng. Cyc.

   3.  An  institution  organized  and  incorporated  for  the purpose of
   imparting  instruction,  examining  students,  and otherwise promoting
   education  in  the  higher branches of literature, science, art, etc.,
   empowered  to  confer degrees in the several arts and faculties, as in
   theology,  law,  medicine,  music, etc. A university may exist without
   having  any  college  connected  with it, or it may consist of but one
   college,  or  it may comprise an assemblage of colleges established in
   any  place,  with  professors for instructing students in the sciences
   and other branches of learning.

     The  present  universities  of Europe were, originally, the greater
     part  of  them,  ecclesiastical  corporations,  instituted  for the
     education of churchmen . . . What was taught in the greater part of
     those  universities  was suitable to the end of their institutions,
     either  theology  or  something  that  was  merely  preparatory  to
     theology. A. Smith.

     NOTE: &hand; Fr om th e Roman words universitas, collegium, corpus,
     are  derived  the  terms  university,  college, and corporation, of
     modern  languages;  and  though  these words have obtained modified
     significations  in  modern times, so as to indifferently applicable
     to  the  same  things,  they all agree in retaining the fundamental
     signification  of  the terms, whatever may have been added to them.
     There is now no university, college, or corporation, which is not a
     juristical person in the sense above explained [see def. 2, above];
     wherever  these words are applied to any association of persons not
     stamped with this mark, it is an abuse of terms. Eng. Cyc.


   U`ni*ver`so*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to universology.


   U`ni*ver*sol"o*gist (?), n. One who is versed in universology.


   U`ni*ver*sol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Universe  +  -logy.]  The science of the
   universe, and the relations which it involves.


   U*niv"o*ca*cy (?), n. The quality or state of being univocal. [R.] Sir
   T. Browne.


   U*niv"o*cal  (?),  a.  [L.  univocus;  unus one + vox, vocis, a voice,
   word. See One, and Voice.]

   1. Having one meaning only; -- contrasted with equivocal.

   2. Having unison of sound, as the octave in music. See Unison, n., 2.

   3.  Having  always the same drift or tenor; uniform; certain; regular.
   [R.] Sir T. Browne.

   4. Unequivocal; indubitable. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.


   U*niv"o*cal, n.

   1.  (Aristotelian  Logic)  A generic term, or a term applicable in the
   same sense to all the species it embraces.

   2. A word having but one meaning.


   U*niv"o*cal*ly,  adv. In a univocal manner; in one term; in one sense;
   not equivocally.

     How  is sin univocally distinguished into venial and mortal, if the
     venial be not sin? Bp. Hall.


   U*niv`o*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. univocation.] Agreement of name and
   meaning. [Obs.] Whiston.


   Un*join" (?), v. t. [1st un- + join.] To disjoin.


   Un*joint" (?), v. t. [1st un- + joint.] To disjoint.


   Un*joint"ed, a. [Properly p. p. of unjoint.]

   1. Disjointed; unconnected; hence, incoherent. Shak.

   2.  [Pref.  un-  +  jointed.]  Having no joint or articulation; as, an
   unjointed stem.


   Un*just" (?), a.

   1.  Acting  contrary  to  the  standard  of  right;  not  animated  or
   controlled by justice; false; dishonest; as, an unjust man or judge.

   2.  Contrary  to justice and right; prompted by a spirit of injustice;
   wrongful;  as,  an  unjust  sentence;  an  unjust  demand;  an  unjust
   accusation. -- Un*just"ly, adv. -- Un*just"ness, n.


   Un*jus"tice (?), n. Want of justice; injustice. [Obs.] Hales.


   Un"kard (?), a. See Unked. [Prov. Eng.]


   Un"ke   (?),   n.  [G.  unke.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  European  aquatic  toad
   (Bombinator  igneus).  Its  back  is  dark;  its  belly is marked with
   crimson. Called also feuerkr\'94te.


   Un"ked  (?),  a.  [Corrupted fr. uncouth, or OE. unkid; un- + p. p. of
   AS.   c&ymac;&edh;an  to  make  known,  fr.  c&umac;&edh;  known.  See

   1. Odd; strange; ugly; old; uncouth. [Prov. Eng.]

   2. Lonely; dreary; unkard. [Prov. Eng.]

     Weston is sadly unked without you. Cowper.


   Un*kemmed" (?), a. Unkempt. [Obs.]


   Un*kempt" (?; 215), a. [Pref. un- not + kempt, p. p. of kemb.]

   1. Not combed; disheveled; as, an urchin with unkempt hair.

   2. Fig.; Not smoothed; unpolished; rough.

     My rhymes be rugged and unkempt. Spenser.


   Un*ken"nel (?), v. t. [1st un- + kennel.]

   1. To drive from a kennel or hole; as, to unkennel a fox.

   2. Fig.: To discover; to disclose. Shak.


   Un*kent"  (?), a. [Un- knot + ken to know.] Unknown; strange. [Obs. or
   Scot.] W. Browne.


   Un*keth" (?), a. Uncouth. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   Un*kind"  (?),  a.  [See  Kin  kindred.]  Having  no  race or kindred;
   childless. [Obs. & R.] Shak.


   Un*kind", a.

   1.  Not  kind;  contrary  to  nature,  or  the law of kind or kindred;
   unnatural. [Obs.] "Such unkind abominations." Chaucer.

   2. Wanting in kindness, sympathy, benevolence, gratitude, or the like;
   cruel; harsh; unjust; ungrateful.

     He  is  unkind  that  recompenseth  not; but he is most unkind that
     forgetteth. Sir T. Elyot.

   -- Un*kind"ly, adv. -- Un*kind"ness, n.


   Un*kind"li*ness (?), n. Unkindness. Tennyson.


   Un*kind"ly, a.

   1. Not kindly; unkind; ungracious.

   2. Unnatural; contrary to nature. [Obs.] "Unkindly crime." Spenser.

   3. Unfavorable; annoying; malignant. Milton.


   Un*kin"dred  (?), a. Not kindred; not of the same kin. [Obs.] Rowe. --
   Un*kin"dred*ly, a.


   Un*king"  (?), v. t. [1st un- + king.] To cause to cease to be a king.

     Shall his condescension, therefore, unking him? South.


   Un*king"ship, n. The quality or condition of being unkinged; abolition
   of monarchy. [Obs.]

     Unkingship  was  proclaimed, and his majesty's statues thrown down.


   Un*kiss" (?), v. t. [1st un- + king.] To cancel or annul what was done
   or sealed by a kiss; to cancel by a kiss. [Obs.]

     Let me unkiss the oath 'twixt thee and me. Shak.


   Un"kle (?), n. See Uncle. [Obs.]


   Un*knight"  (?),  v.  t. [1st un- + knight.] To deprive of knighthood.


   Un*knit"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  un-  + knit.] To undo or unravel what is
   knitted together.

     Fie, fie! unknit that threatening unkind brow. Shak.


   Un*knot" (?), v. t. [1st un- + knot.] To free from knots; to untie.


   Un*know" (?), v. t. [1st un- + know.]

   1. To cease to know; to lose the knowledge of. [Obs.]

   2. To fail of knowing; to be ignorant of. [Obs.]


   Un*know", a. [See Un- not, Know.] Unknown. [Obs.] "French of Paris was
   to her unknow." Chaucer.


   Un*knowl"edged (?), a. Not acknowledged or recognized. [Obs.]

     For  which  bounty  to  us  lent  Of him unknowledged or unsent. B.


   Un*known"  (?),  a.  Not  known; not apprehended. -- Un*known"ness, n.
   [R.] Camden.


   Un*la"bored (?), a.

   1. Not produced by labor or toil. "Unlabored harvests." Dryden.

   2. Not cultivated; untitled; as, an unlabored field.

   3.  Not  laboriously produced, or not evincing labor; as, an unlabored
   style or work. Tickell.


   Un*lace" (?), v. t. [1st un- + lace.]

   1. To loose by undoing a lacing; as, to unlace a shoe.

   2. To loose the dress of; to undress; hence, to expose; to disgrace.

     What's the matter, That you unlace your reputation thus? Shak.

   3. (Naut.) To loose, and take off, as a bonnet from a sail, or to cast
   off, as any lacing in any part of the rigging of a vessel. Totten.


   Un*lade" v. t. [1st un- + lade.]

   1.  To  take  the load from; to take out the cargo of; as, to unlade a
   ship or a wagon.

     The  venturous  merchant  . . . Shall here unlade him and depart no
     more. Dryden.

   2. To unload; to remove, or to have removed, as a load or a burden; to

     There the ship was to unlade her burden. Acts. xxi. 3.


   Un*laid" (?), a.

   1. Not laid or placed; not fixed. Hooker.

   2.  Not  allayed;  not  pacified;  not  laid  finally  to  rest.  [R.]
   "Stubborn, unlaid ghost." Milton.

   3. Not laid out, as a corpse. [R.] B. Jonson.
   Unlaid paper. See Laid paper, under Laid.


   Un*land" (?), v. t. [1st un- + land.] To deprive of lands.


   Un*lap" (?), v. t. [1st un- + lap.] To unfold. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un*lash"  (?), v. t. [1st un- + lash.] (Naut.) To loose, as that which
   is lashed or tied down.


   Un*latch"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Unlatched (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Unlatching.] [1st un- + latch.] To open or loose by lifting the latch;
   as, to unlatch a door.


   Un*laugh" (?), v. t. [1st un- + laugh.] To recall, as former laughter.
   [Obs. & R.] Sir T. More.


   Un*law" (?), v. t. [1st un- + law.]

   1. To deprive of the authority or character of law. [Obs.]

   2. To put beyond protection of law; to outlaw. [Obs.]

   3. (Scots Law) To impose a fine upon; to fine.

   Page 1578


   Un*law"  (?),  n. [Pref. un- + law.] (Scots Law) (a) Any transgression
   or  offense  against  the  law.  (b)  A  fine imposed as a penalty for
   violation of the law.


   Un*lawed"  (?),  a. [Pref. un- + lawed, p. p. of lawe.] Not having the
   claws and balls of the forefeet cut off; -- said of dogs.


   Un*law"ful (?), a. Not lawful; contrary to law. -- Un*law"ful*ly, adv.
   -- Un*law"ful*ness, n. Unlawful assembly. (Law) See under Assembly.


   Un*law"like`  (?), a. Not according to law; being or done in violation
   of law; unlawful. Milton.


   Un*lay"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + lay.] (Naut.) To untwist; as, to
   unlay a rope.


   Un*learn" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + learn.]

   1.  To forget, as what has been learned; to lose from memory; also, to
   learn the contrary of.

     I had learned nothing right; I had to unlearn everything. Milner.

   2. To fail to learn. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.


   Un*learn"ed, a. [Pref. un- + learned.]

   1. Not learned; untaught; uneducated; ignorant; illiterate.

   2. Not gained by study; not known.

   3.  Not  exhibiting learning; as, unlearned verses. -- Un*learn"ed*ly,
   adv. -- Un*learn"ed*ness, n.


   Un*leash" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + leash.] To free from a leash, or
   as from a leash; to let go; to release; as, to unleash dogs.


   Un*leav"ened   (?),   a.  Not  leavened;  containing  no  leaven;  as,
   unleavened bread.


   Un*less"  (?), conj. [Formerly, onles, onlesse, onlesse that, that is,
   in  less,  in  a less case. See On, and Less.] Upon any less condition
   than  (the  fact  or  thing  stated  in  the  sentence or clause which
   follows);  if not; supposing that not; if it be not; were it not that;
   except; as, we shall fail unless we are industrious.

     NOTE: &hand; By  th e omission of the verb in the dependent clause,
     unless  was  frequently  used  prepositionally,  --  a construction
     common in Shakespeare and still employed colloquially.

     Here nothing breeds unless the nightly owl. Shak.


   Un*licked"  (?),  a. Not licked; hence, not properly formed; ungainly.
   Cf. To lick into shape, under Lick, v. Shak.


   Un*like" (?), a.

   1. Not like; dissimilar; diverse; having no resemblance; as, the cases
   are unlike.

   2. Not likely; improbable; unlikely. [Obsoles.]
   Unlike  quantities  (Math.), quantities expressed by letters which are
   different  or  of  different  powers,  as a, b, c, a2, a3, xn, and the
   like. -- Unlike signs (Math.), the signs plus (+) and minus (-).
   Un*like"li*hood (?), n. Absence of likelihood.
   Un*like"li*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being unlikely.
   Un*like"ly, a. 

   1.  Not  likely;  improbable;  not  to  be reasonably expected; as, an
   unlikely event; the thing you mention is very unlikely.

   2. Not holding out a prospect of success; likely to fail; unpromising;
   as, unlikely means. Hooker.

   3.  Not  such as to inspire liking; unattractive; disagreeable. [Obs.]
   "The unlikely eld of me." Chaucer.


   Un*like"ly, adv. In an unlikely manner.


   Un*lik"en  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un- + liken.] To make unlike; to
   dissimilate. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un*like"ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  unlike; want of
   resemblance; dissimilarity. Tennyson.


   Un*lim"ber  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + limber.] (Mil.) To detach the
   limber from; as, to unlimber a gun.


   Un*lim"it*a*ble (?), a. Illimitable. Locke.


   Un*lim"it*ed, a.

   1.  Not limited; having no bounds; boundless; as, an unlimited expanse
   of ocean.

   2.  Undefined;  indefinite;  not  bounded  by  proper  exceptions; as,
   unlimited   terms.   "Nothing   doth   more   prevail  than  unlimited
   generalities." Hooker.

   3. Unconfined; not restrained; unrestricted.

     Ascribe  not  unto  God  such an unlimited exercise of mercy as may
     destroy his justice. Rogers.

   Unlimited  problem  (Math.), a problem which is capable of an infinite
   number  of  solutions.  --  Unlimited  pump,  a kind of deep-well pump
   placed  at  the level of the water, and operated from above ground. --
   Un*lim"it*ed*ly, adv. -- Un*lim"it*ed*ness, n.


   Un*line" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + line.] To take the lining out of;
   hence, to empty; as, to unline one's purse.


   Un*link"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + link.] To separate or undo, as
   links; to uncoil; to unfasten. Shak.


   Un*liq"ui*da`ted  (?), a. Not liquidated; not exactly ascertained; not
   adjusted  or settled. Unliquidated damages (Law), penalties or damages
   not ascertained in money. Burrill.


   Un*liq"uored (?), a.

   1.  Not  moistened  or  wet  with liquor; dry. "Unliquored coach." Bp.

   2. Not in liquor; not intoxicated; sober.

     Like an unliquored Silenus. Milton.


   Un*live" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + live.] To [R.] Glanvill.


   Un*lived"  (?),  a.  [See  1st  pref.  Un-, and Life, Live.] Bereft or
   deprived of life. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*load" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + load.]

   1.  To  take  the  load  from;  to  discharge  of  a load or cargo; to
   disburden; as, to unload a ship; to unload a beast.

   2. Hence, to relieve from anything onerous.

   3.  To  discharge  or remove, as a load or a burden; as, to unload the
   cargo of a vessel.

   4. To draw the charge from; as, to unload a gun.

   5.  To  sell  in  large quantities, as stock; to get rid of. [Brokers'
   Cant, U. S.]


   Un*load",  v.  i.  To  perform  the act of unloading anything; as, let
   unload now.


   Un*load"er  (?),  n.  One  who,  or  that which, unloads; a device for
   unloading, as hay from a wagon.


   Un*lo"ca*ted (?), a.

   1. Not located or placed; not fixed in a place.

   2.  Not  surveyed,  or  designated by marks, limits, or boundaries, as
   appropriated   to   some  individual,  company,  or  corporation;  as,
   unlocated lands.


   Un*lock" (?), v. t. [Cf. AS. unl. See 1st Un-, and Lock, v. t.]

   1. To unfasten, as what is locked; as, to unlock a door or a chest.

   2. To open, in general; to lay open; to undo.

     Unlock your springs, and open all your shades. Pope.

     [Lord] unlock the spell of sin. J. H. Newman.


   Un*lodge"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + lodge.] To dislodge; to deprive
   of lodgment. Carew.


   Un*look" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + look.] To recall or retract, as a
   look. [R.] Richardson.


   Un*looked" (?), a. [Pref. un- not + looked.] Not observed or foreseen;
   unexpected; -- generally with for. "Unlooked success." Denham.

     She comes unlooked for, if she comes at all. Pope.


   Un*looked"-for (?), a. Not looked for; unexpected; as, an unlooked-for


   Un*loose"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- (intensive) + loose.] To make
   loose; to loosen; to set free. Shak.


   Un*loose",  v.  i.  To  become  unfastened;  to lose all connection or


   Un*loos"en (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- (intensive) + loosen.] To loosen;
   to unloose.


   Un*lord"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + lord.] To deprive of the rank or
   position of a lord. Milton.


   Un*lord"ed, a.

   1. [Properly p. p. of unlord.] Deprived of the rank of a lord.

   2. [Pref. un- + lorded.] Not raised to the rank of a lord. Milton.


   Un*love" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + love.] To cease to love; to hate.


   Un*love"ly  (?), a. Not lovely; not amiable; possessing qualities that
   excite    dislike;    disagreeable;    displeasing;   unpleasant.   --
   Un*love"li*ness (#), n.


   Un*luck"i*ly (?), adv. In an unlucky manner.


   Un*luck"i*ness, n. Quality or state of being unlucky.


   Un*luck"y (?), a.

   1.  Not lucky; not successful; unfortunate; ill-fated; unhappy; as, an
   unlucky  man;  an  unlucky  adventure;  an  unlucky  throw of dice; an
   unlucky game.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd is  properly applied to incidents in which
     failure  results  from  chance  or fortuity, as in games of hazard,
     rather than from lack or feebleness of effort.

   2. Bringing bad luck; ill-omened; inauspicious.

     Haunt me not with that unlucky face. Dryden.

   3. Mischievous; as, an unlucky wag. [Colloq.]


   Un*lust"  (?),  n.  Listlessness; disinclination. [Obs.] "Idleness and
   unlust." Chaucer.


   Un*lute"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + lute.] To separate, as things
   cemented or luted; to take the lute or the clay from. Boyle.


   Un*made" (?), a.

   1.  [Pref.  un-  not  +  made.]  Not yet made or formed; as, an unmade
   grave. Shak.

   2.  [Properly  p.  p.  of  unmake.] Deprived of form, character, etc.;


   Un*mag"is*trate  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + magistrate.] To divest of
   the office or authority of a magistrate. [Obs.] Milton.


   Un*maid"en  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  maiden.]  To ravish; to
   deflower. [Obs.]


   Un*make"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + make.] To destroy the form and
   qualities of; to deprive of being; to uncreate.

     God does not make or unmake things to try experiments. T. Burnet.


   Un*man" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + man.]

   1.  To  deprive  of  the  distinctive  qualities  of a human being, as
   reason, or the like. [R.] South.

   2. To emasculate; to deprive of virility.

   3.  To  deprive  of  the  courage  and fortitude of a man; to break or
   subdue  the  manly  spirit  in; to cause to despond; to dishearten; to
   make womanish.

     Let's not unman each other. Byron.

   4. To deprive of men; as, to unman a ship.


   Un*man"a*cle  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + manacle.] To free from
   manacles. Tennyson.


   Un*man"hood (?), n. Absence or lack of manhood. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un*manned" (?), a.

   1.  [Properly  p. p. of unman.] Deprived of manly qualities; deficient
   in vigor, strength, courage, etc.; weak; effeminate.

   2.  [Pref.  un-  not  +  man  +  -ed.]  (Falconry) Not tamed; not made
   familiar with, or subject to, man; -- also used figuratively. [Obs.]

     Hood  my  unmanned blood bating in my cheeks With thy black mantle.

   3.  [Pref.  un- not + manned.] Not furnished with men; as, an unmanned


   Un*man"ner*ly (?), a. Not mannerly; ill-bred; rude. -- adv. Uncivilly;
   rudely. -- Un*man"ner*li*ness (#), n.


   Un*man"tle (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + mantle.] To divest of a mantle;
   to uncover.

     Nay, she said, but I will unmantle you. Sir W. Scott.


   Un*mar"ry  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + marry.] To annul the marriage
   of; to divorce. Milton.


   Un*mar"tyr  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + martyr.] To degrade from the
   rank of a martyr. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Un*mas"cu*late  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + masculate.] To emasculate.
   [Obs.] Fuller.


   Un*mask"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + mask.] To strip of a mask or
   disguise; to lay open; to expose.


   Un*mask", v. i. To put off a mask. Shak.


   Un*mas"ter*a*ble  (?),  a.  Incapable  of  being  mastered or subdued.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Un`ma*te"ri*al (?), a. Not material; immaterial. [Obs.] Daniel.


   Un*mean"ing (?), a.

   1. Having no meaning or signification; as, unmeaning words.

   2.  Not  indicating  intelligence or sense; senseless; expressionless;
   as, an unmeaning face.

     There pride sits blazoned on the unmeaning brow. Trumbull.

   -- Un*mean"ing*ly, adv. -- Un*mean"ing*ness, n.


   Un*meant" (?), a. Not meant or intended; unintentional. Dryden.


   Un*meas"ur*a*ble      (?),      a.     Immeasurable.     Swift.     --
   Un*meas"ur*a*ble*ness, n. -- Un*meas"ur*a*bly, adv.


   Un*mech"an*ize (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + mechanize.]

   1.  To  undo  the  mechanism  of;  to  unmake;  as,  to  unmechanize a
   structure. [Obs.] Sterne.


   Un*mech"an*ized  (?),  a.  [Pref.  un-  + mechanized.] Not mechanized.


   Un*meet"  (?), a. Not meet or fit; not proper; unbecoming; unsuitable;
   -- usually followed by for. "Unmeet for a wife." Tennyson.

     And all unmeet our carpet floors. Emerson.

   -- Un*meet"ly, adv. -- Un*meet"ness, n.


   Un*mem"ber  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  member.]  To deprive of
   membership, as in a church.


   Un*men"tion*a*bles  (?),  n.  pl. The breeches; trousers. [Jocose] <--
   underwear, esp. ladies underwear. -->


   Un*mer"chant*a*ble  (?),  a.  (Com.)  Not  merchantable;  not  fit for
   market;  being  of  a  kind,  quality,  or quantity that is unsalable.


   Un*mer"cied  (?),  a.  [Pref. un- not + mercy.] Unmerciful; merciless.
   [Obs.] Drayton.


   Un*mer"ci*ful  (?),  a.  Not  merciful;  indisposed to mercy or grace;
   cruel;  inhuman;  merciless;  unkind.  --  Un*mer"ci*ful*ly,  adv.  --
   Un*mer"ci*ful*ness, n.


   Un*mer"ci*less,  a.  [Pref.  un-  (intensive)  +  merciless.]  Utterly
   merciless. [Obs.] Joye.


   Un*mew"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + mew to confine.] To release from
   confinement or restraint. Keats.


   Un*min"gle (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + mingle.] To separate, as things
   mixed. Bacon.


   Un`mis*tak"a*ble (?), a. Incapable of being mistaken or misunderstood;
   clear; plain; obvious; evident. -- Un`mis*tak"a*bly, adv.

                               Unmiter, Unmitre

   Un*mi"ter, Un*mi"tre (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + miter.] To deprive of
   a miter; to depose or degrade from the rank of a bishop. Milton.

                                Unmold, Unmould

   Un*mold",  Un*mould"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + mold.] To change the
   form  of;  to  reduce  from  any  form.  "Unmolding reason's mintage."


   Un*mon"eyed  (?),  a.  Destitute  of  money;  not  rich. [Written also
   unmonied.] Shenstone.


   Un`mo*nop"o*lize  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + monopolize.] To recover
   or release from the state of being monopolized. [R.]

     Unmonopolizing the rewards of learning and industry. Milton.


   Un*moor"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + moor.] (Naut.) (a) To cause to
   ride with one anchor less than before, after having been moored by two
   or more anchors. (b) To loose from anchorage. See Moor, v. t.


   Un*moor", v. i. To weigh anchor. Sir W. Scott.


   Un*mor"al  (?),  a.  Having no moral perception, quality, or relation;
   involving  no  idea  of morality; -- distinguished from both moral and
   immoral. -- Un`mo*ral"i*ty (#), n.


   Un*mor"al*ized (?), a. Not restrained or tutored by morality. Norris.


   Un*mor"rised  (?),  a.  Not  arrayed  in the dress of a morris dancer.
   [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Un*mor"tise (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + mortise.] To loosen, unfix, or
   separate, as things mortised together. Tennyson.


   Un`-Mo*sa"ic  (?),  a.  Not  according  to  Moses; unlike Moses or his

     By this reckoning Moses should be most un Mosaic. Milton.


   Un*moth"ered  (?),  [1st  pref.  un-  + mother.] Deprived of a mother;


   Un*mov"a*ble (?), a. Immovable. "Steadfast, unmovable." 1 Cor. xv. 58.


   Un*mov"a*bly, adv. Immovably. [R.] J. Ellis.


   Un*moved"  (?),  a. Not moved; fixed; firm; unshaken; calm; apathetic.
   -- Un*mov"ed*ly, adv.


   Un*muf"fle (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + muffle.]

   1. To take a covering from, as the face; to uncover.

   2. To remove the muffling of, as a drum.


   Un*mu"ta*ble (?), a. Immutable. [Obs.]


   Un*muz"zle  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + muzzle.] To loose from a
   muzzle; to remove a muzzle from.


   Un*nail"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + nail.] To remove the nails from;
   to unfasten by removing nails.


   Un*napped" (?), a. Finished without a nap.

     I  did  not  attempt  her  with  a  threadbare  name, Unnapped with
     meritorious actions. Beau. & Fl.


   Un*nat"u*ral (?; 135), a. Not natural; contrary, or not conforming, to
   the  order  of  nature;  being  without  natural traits; as, unnatural
   crimes.   Syn.   --   See  Factitious.  --  Un*nat"u*ral*ly,  adv.  --
   Un*nat"u*ral*ness, n.


   Un*nat"u*ral*ize (?), v. t. To make unnatural. [R.] Hales.


   Un*na"ture  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + nature.] To change the nature
   of; to invest with a different or contrary nature. [Obs.]

     A  right  heavenly nature, indeed, as if were unnaturing them, doth
     so bridle them [the elements]. Sir P. Sidney.


   Un*na"ture,  n. [Pref. un- not + nature.] The contrary of nature; that
   which is unnatural. [R.]

     So as to be rather unnature, after all, than nature. H. Bushnell.


   Un*near" (?), prep. Not near; not close to; at a distance from. [Obs.]
   Davies (Muse's Sacrifice).


   Un*nes"es*sa*ry   (?),  a.  Not  necessary;  not  required  under  the
   circumstances;  unless;  needless;  as,  unnecessary  labor,  care, or
   rigor. -- Un*nes"es*sa*ri*ly (#), adv. -- Un*nes"es*sa*ri*ness, n.

   Page 1579


   Un`ne*ces"si*ty  (?),  n.  The  state  of being unnecessary; something
   unnecessary. [Obs.]


   Un*neigh"bored (?), a. Being without neigbors. Cowper.


   Un*neigh"bor*ly  (?),  a. Not neighborly; distant; reserved; solitary;
   exclusive. -- adv. Not in a neighborly manner. Shak.


   Un*nerv"ate (?), a. Enervate. [Obs.]


   Un*nerve"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + nerve.] To deprive of nerve,
   force, or strength; to weaken; to enfeeble; as, to unnerve the arm.

     Unequal match'd, . . . The unnerved father falls. Shak.


   Un*nest  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + nest.] To eject from a nest; to
   unnestle. [R.] T. Adams.


   Un*nes"tle (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + nestle.] Same as Unnest. [R.]

                               Unnethe, Unnethes

   Un*nethe"  (?),  Un*nethes"  (?),  adv.  With  difficulty. See Uneath.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un*no"ble (?), a. Ignoble. Shak.


   Un*no"bly, adv. Ignobly. J. Fletcher.


   Un*hooked"  (?),  a.  Without  nooks  and  corners;  guileless. [Obs.]
   "Unnooked simplicity." Marston.


   Un*no"ti*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  notify.] To retract or
   withdraw a notice of. Walpole.


   Un*num"bered   (?),   a.  Not  numbered;  not  counted  or  estimated;
   innumerable. Dryden.


   Un*nu"mer*a*ble   (?),   a.   Innumerable.   [Obs.]   "An  unnumerable
   multitude." Udall.


   Un*nun"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + nun.] To remove from condition of
   being a nun. [R.]

     Many did quickly unnun and disfriar themselves. Fuller.


   Un`o*be"di*ence (?), n. Disobedience. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un`o*be"di*ent (?), a. Disobedient. [Obs.] Milton.


   Un`ob*serv"ance  (?),  n. Want or neglect of observance; inobservance.


   Un`ob*tru"sive  (?),  a.  Not  obtrusive;  not  presuming;  modest. --
   Un`ob*tru"sive*ly, adv. -- Un`ob*tru"sive*ness, n.


   Un`of*fen"sive (?), a. Inoffensive.


   Un*of"ten (?; 115), adv. Not often. [Obs.]


   Un*oil"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + oil.] To remove the oil from.


   Un*op"er*a*tive  (?),  a.  Producing  no  effect;  inoperative. [Obs.]


   Un`o*per"cu*la`ted (?), a. Destitute of an operculum, or cover.


   Un*or"der  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + order.] To countermand an order
   for. [R.]


   Un*or"der*ly, a. Disorderly. [Obs.] Bp. Sanderson.


   Un*or"di*nate  (?),  a.  Disorderly;  irregular;  inordinate.  [R.] --
   Un*or"di*nate*ly, adv. [R.]


   Un*or"gan*ized (?), a. Not organized; being without organic structure;
   specifically  (Biol.),  not  having  the  different tissues and organs
   characteristic  of  living  organisms,  nor  the  power  of growth and
   development; as, the unorganized ferments. See the Note under Ferment,
   n., 1.


   Un`o*rig"i*na`ted (?), a.

   1. Not originated; existing from all eternity. F. W. Newman.

   2.  Not yet caused to be, or to be made; as, possible inventions still


   Un`o*rig"i*nate*ly (?), adv. Without origin.


   Un*os"si*fied (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Destitute of a bony structure.


   Un*owed" (?), a.

   1. Ownerless. [Obs.] Shak.

   2. Not owed; as, to pay money unowed.


   Un*own"ed  (?),  a.  [Pref.  un-  not + (sense 1) owned possessed, and
   (sense 2) owned granted, acknowledged.]

   1. Not owned; having no owner. Milton.

   2. Not acknowledged; not avowed. Gay.


   Un*pack" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + pack.]

   1.  To  separate  and remove, as things packed; to open and remove the
   contents of; as, to unpack a trunk.

   2. To relieve of a pack or burden. [R.] Shak.


   Un*pack"er (?), n. One who unpacks.


   Un*pa"gan*ize (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + paganize.] To cause to cease
   to be pagan; to divest of pagan character. [R.] Cudworth.


   Un*paint"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + paint.] To remove the paint
   from; to efface, as a painting. Parnell.


   Un*paired (?), a. Not paired; not suited or matched.

     And minds unpaired had better think alone. Crabbe.


   Un*palped" (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Destitute of a palp.


   Un*pan"nel  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + pannel.] To take the saddle
   off; to unsaddle. [Obs.] Jervas.


   Un*par"a*dise  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + paradise.] To deprive of
   happiness like that of paradise; to render unhappy. [R.] Young.


   Un*par"a*goned   (?),  a.  Having  no  paragon  or  equal;  matchless;
   peerless. [R.]

     Your unparagoned mistress is dead. Shak.


   Un*par"al*leled  (?),  a.  Having  no  parallel,  or equal; unequaled;

     The  unparalleled  perseverance of the armies of the United States,
     under  every  suffering  and  discouragement, was little short of a
     miracle. Washington.


   Un*parched"  (?),  a.  [Pref.  un- not (intensive) parched.] Dried up;
   withered by heat. [Obs.] "My tongue . . . unparched." Crashaw.


   Un*par"ent*ed  (?),  a.  Having  no parent, or no acknowledged parent.


   Un*par`lia*men"ta*ry  (?),  a.  Not  parliamentary;  contrary  to  the
   practice of parliamentary bodies. -- Un*par`lia*men"ta*ri*ness (#), n.


   Un*par"tial    (?),   a.   Impartial.   [Obs.]   Bp.   Sanderson.   --
   Un*par"tial*ly, adv. [Obs.] Hooker.


   Un*pass"a*ble    (?),    a.    Impassable.    E.    A.   Freeman.   --
   Un*pass"a*ble*ness, n. Evelyn.


   Un*pas"sion*ate    (?),   a.   Not   passionate;   dispassionate.   --
   Un*pas"sion*ate*ly, adv.


   Un*pas"tor  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + pastor.] To cause to be no
   longer pastor; to deprive of pastorship. [R.] Fuller.


   Un*pathed" (?), a. Not having a path. Shak.


   Un*path"wayed` (?), a. Pathless. [R.] "The smooth, unpathwayed plain."


   Un*pa"tience (?), n. Impatience. [Obs.]


   Un*pa"tient (?), a. Impatient. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un*paved" (?), a.

   1. Not paved; not furnished with a pavement. Hakewill.

   2. Castrated. [Obs.] "Unpaved eunuch." Shak.


   Un*pay"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un- + pay.] To undo, take back, or
   annul, as a payment. Shak.


   Un*peace" (?), n. Absence or lack of peace. [Obs.] Testament of Love.


   Un*ped"i*greed (?), a. Not distinguished by a pedigree. [R.] Pollok.


   Un*peeled (?), a.

   1.  [1st pref. un- (intensive) + peel.] Thoroughly stripped; pillaged.
   [Obs.] Shak.

   2. [Pref. un- not + peeled.] Not peeled.


   Un*peer"a*ble (?), a. Incapable of having a peer, or equal.


   Un*peered  (?),  a. Having no peer; unequaled; unparalleled. "Unpeered
   excellence." Marston.


   Un*peg"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + peg.] To remove a peg or pegs
   from; to unfasten; to open. Shak.


   Un*pen"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + pen.] To release from a pen or
   from confinement. "If a man unpens another's water." Blackstone.


   Un*pen"e*tra*ble (?), a. Impenetrable.


   Un*pen"i*tent (?), a. Impenitent. Sandys.


   Un*peo"ple  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  people.]  To deprive of
   inhabitants; to depopulate. Shak.


   Un`per*e"gal  (?),  a.  [Pref.  un-  not  +  peregal.] Unequal. [Obs.]


   Un*per"fect  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + perfect.] To mar or destroy
   the perfection of. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.


   Un*per"fect  (?), a. [Pref. un- + perfect.] Imperfect. [Obs.] Holland.
   -- Un*per"fect*ly, adv. [Obs.] Hales. -- Un*per"fect*ness, n. [Obs.]


   Un`per*fec"tion  (?),  n.  Want  of  perfection;  imperfection. [Obs.]


   Un*per"ish*a*ble (?), a. Imperishable.


   Un*per"ish*a*bly, adv. Imperishably.


   Un`per*plex"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + perplex.] To free from
   perplexity. [R.] Donne.


   Un`per*sua"sion  (?),  n. The state of not being persuaded; disbelief;
   doubt. [R.] Abp. Leighton.


   Un`per*vert  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  pervert.] To free from
   perversion; to deliver from being perverted; to reconvert. [Obs.]


   Un`phi*los"o*phize  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un- + philosophize.] To
   degrade from the character of a philosopher. [R.] Pope.


   Un*pick (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- (intensive) + pick.] To pick out; to
   undo by picking.


   Un*picked"  (?),  a.  [Properly  p.  p. of unpick.] Picked out; picked

   2. [Pref. un- not + picked.] Not picked. Milton.


   Un*pin"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un- + pin.] To loose from pins; to
   remove  the  pins  from; to unfasten; as, to unpin a frock; to unpin a


   Un*pin"ion  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + pinion.] To loose from pinions
   or manacles; to free from restraint. Goldsmith.


   Un*pit"ied (?), a.

   1. Not pitied.

   2. Pitiless; merciless. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*pi"tious (?), a.

   1.  Impious;  wicked. [Obs.] "The life of the unpitous." Wyclif (Prov.
   xv. 8).

   2. Destitute of pity; pitiless. [Obs.] Chaucer. -- Un*pi"tous*ly, adv.
   [Obs.] -- Un*pi"tous*ness, n. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un*pi"tous*ty (?), n. Impiety. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un*pit"y (?), n. Want of piety. [Obs.]


   Un*pla"ca*ble (?), a. Implacable. [Obs.]


   Un*placed" (?), a. Not placed.


   Un*plaid" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + plaid.] To deprive of a plaid.


   Un*plained"  (?),  a.  Not  deplored  or  bewailed; unlamented. [Obs.]


   Un*plat"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + plat.] To take out the folds or
   twists of, as something previously platted; to unfold; to unwreathe.


   Un*plau"sive (?), a. Not approving; disapproving. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*plead"ed (?), a.

   1. Not used as a plea; not urged; as, an unpleaded excuse.

   2. Not supported by pleas; undefended; as, an unpleaded suit.


   Un*pleas"ant   (?),   a.  Not  pleasant;  not  amiable  or  agreeable;
   displeasing; offensive. -- Un*pleas"ant*ly, adv. -- Un*pleas"ant*ness,


   Un*pleas"ant*ry (?), n.; pl. Unpleasantries (.

   1. Want of pleasantry. [R.]

   2. A state of disagreement; a falling out. Thackeray.


   Un*pleas"ive  (?),  a. Unpleasant. [Obs.] "An unpleasive passion." Bp.


   Un*pleat" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + pleat.] To remove the plaits of;
   to smooth. W. Browne.


   Un*plight"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + plight.] To unfold; to lay
   open; to explain. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un*plumb"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + plumb.] To deprive of lead, as
   of a leaden coffin. [R.] Burke.


   Un*plume"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + plume.] To strip of plumes or
   feathers; hence, to humiliate.


   Un*poised" (?), a.

   1. Not poised or balanced.

   2.   Not   poised  or  weighed;  hence,  regardless  of  consequences;
   unhesitating. [Obs.] Marston.


   Un*poi"son  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + poison.] To remove or expel
   poison from. [Obs.] South.


   Un*pol"i*cied (?), a.

   1. Not having civil polity, or a regular form of government.

   2. Impolitic; imprudent. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*pol"ish  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + polish.] To deprive of polish;
   to make impolite.


   Un`po*lite" (?), a. Not polite; impolite; rude. -- Un`po*lite"ly, adv.
   -- Un`po*lite"ness, n.


   Un*pol"i*tic (?), a. Impolitic; imprudent.


   Un*polled"  (?),  a.  Not  polled. Specifically: (a) Not enumerated or
   registered;  as,  an unpolled vote or voter. (b) Not plundered. [Obs.]
   "Unpoll'd Arabian wealth." Fanshawe.


   Un*pope" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + pope.]

   1. To divest of the character, office, or authority of a pope.

   2. To deprive of a pope. [Obs.]

     Rome will never so far unpope herself as to part with her pretended
     supremacy. Fuller.


   Un*por"tu*nate  (?), a. Importunate; troublesome with requests. [Obs.]
   Golden Boke.


   Un*por"tu*ous  (?),  a. Having no ports. [Obs.] "An unportuous coast."


   Un`pos*sess"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + possess.] To be without, or
   to resign, possession of. [Obs.]


   Un*pos`si*bil"i*ty  (?), n. Impossibility. [R.] "Utter unpossibility."


   Un*pos"si*ble (?), a. Impossible. [R.]


   Un*pow"er (?), n. Want of power; weakness. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.


   Un*pow"er*ful (?), a. Not powerful; weak. Cowley.


   Un*prac"ti*ca*ble (?), a. Impracticable; not feasible.


   Un*prac"ti*cal   (?),  a.  Not  practical;  impractical.  "Unpractical
   questions." H. James.

     I like him none the less for being unpractical. Lowell.


   Un*praise"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + praise.] To withhold praise
   from; to deprive of praise. [R.]


   Un*pray  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un- + pray.] To revoke or annul by
   prayer, as something previously prayed for. [R.] Sir M. Hale.


   Un*pray"a*ble  (?),  a.  Not  to  be  influenced  or moved by prayers;
   obdurate. [R.] Wyclif.


   Un*prayed" (?), a. [With for.] Not prayed for. [Obs.] Sir T. More.


   Un*preach"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + preach.] To undo or overthrow
   by preaching. [R.] De Foe.


   Un*prec"e*dent*ed (?), a. Having no precedent or example; not preceded
   by a like case; not having the authority of prior example; novel; new;
   unexampled. -- Un*prec"e*dent*ed*ly, adv.


   Un`pre*dict"  (?),  v.  i.  [1st  pref.  un- + predict.] To retract or
   falsify a previous prediction. Milton.


   Un*prej"u*diced (?), a.

   1.  Not  prejudiced;  free  from  undue  bias  or  prepossession;  not
   preoccupied  by  opinion;  impartial;  as,  an  unprejudiced  mind; an
   unprejudiced judge.

   2. Not warped or biased by prejudice; as, an unprejudiced judgment. --
   Un*prej"u*diced*ness, n. V. Knox.


   Un*prel"a*ted  (?),  a.  [1st  pref.  un- + prelate.] Deposed from the
   office of prelate.


   Un`pre*vent"ed (?), a.

   1. Not prevented or hindered; as, unprevented sorrows. Shak.

   2. Not preceded by anything. [Obs.] Milton.


   Un*priced" (?), a. Not priced; being without a fixed or certain value;
   also, priceless. "Amethyst unpriced." Neale (Rhythm of St. Bernard).


   Un*priest"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  priest.]  To deprive of
   priesthood; to unfrock. [R.] Milton.


   Un*prince"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + prince.] To deprive of the
   character  or  authority  of  a  prince;  to divest of principality of
   sovereignty. [R.] Swift.


   Un*prin"ci*ple  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + principle.] To destroy the
   moral principles of. [R.]


   Un*prin"ci*pled  (?),  a.  [Pref. un- not + principled.] Being without
   principles;  especially,  being  without right moral principles; also,
   characterized by absence of principle. -- Un*prin"ci*pled*ness, n.


   Un*pris"on  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + prison.] To take or deliver
   from prison.


   Un*priz"a*ble (?), a.

   1. Not prized or valued; being without value. [Obs.]

   2. Invaluable; being beyond estimation. [Obs.]


   Un*prob"a*bly (?), adv. [Pref. un- not + probably.] Improbably.


   Un*prob"a*bly,  adv.  [Un-  + L. probabilis approvable, fr. probare to
   approve. Cf. Probable.] In a manner not to be approved of; improperly.
   [Obs. & R.]

     To  diminish,  by  the  authority  of  wise and knowing men, things
     unjustly and unprobably crept in. Strype.


   Un`pro*fi"cien*cy  (?),  n.  Want  of  proficiency or improvement. Bp.


   Un*prof"it (?), n. Want of profit; unprofitableness. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un*prof"it*ed, a. Profitless. [R.] Shak.


   Un*prom"ise  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + promise.] To revoke or annul,
   as a promise. Chapman.


   Un*prop"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + prop.] To remove a prop or props
   from; to deprive of support.


   Un*prop"er  (?),  a.  Not  proper  or  peculiar;  improper.  [Obs.] --
   Un*prop"er*ly, adv. [Obs.]


   Un*pros"e*lyte  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + proselyte.] To convert or
   recover from the state of a proselyte. Fuller.


   Un*prot"es*tant*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + protestantize.] To
   render other than Protestant; to cause to change from Protestantism to
   some  other form of religion; to deprive of some Protestant feature or

     The attempt to unprotestantize the Church of England. Froude.


   Un`pro*vide  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + provide.] To deprive of
   necessary provision; to unfurnish.

     Lest her . . . beauty unprovide my mind again. Shak.


   Un*prov"i*dent  (?),  a.  Improvident.  [Obs.] "Who for thyself art so
   unprovident.' Shak.


   Un*pru"dence (?), n. Imprudence. [Obs.]

   Page 1580


   Un*pru"dent (?), a. Imprudent. [Obs.]


   Un`pru*den"tial  (?),  a.  Imprudent.  [Obs.]  "The  most  unwise  and
   unprudential act." Milton.


   Un*puck"er  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + pucker.] To smooth away the
   puckers or wrinkles of.


   Un*pure"   (?),   a.   Not   pure;  impure.  --  Un*pure"ly,  adv.  --
   Un*pure"ness, n.


   Un*pursed" (?), a. [1st pref. un- + purse + -ed.]

   1. Robbed of a purse, or of money. [R.] Pollock.

   2. Taken from the purse; expended. [Obs.] Gower.


   Un*qual"i*fy  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + quality.] To disqualify; to
   unfit. Swift.


   Un*qual"i*tied  (?),  a.  [1st  pref.  un- + quality.] Deprived of the
   usual faculties. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*queen" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + queen.] To divest of the rank or
   authority of queen. Shak.


   Un*ques"tion*a*ble (?), a.

   1. Not questionable; as, an unquestionable title.

   2.   Not   inviting   questions   or   conversation.   [R.]  Shak.  --
   Un*ques"tion*a*bly, adv.


   Un*ques"tioned (?), a.

   1. Not called in question; not doubted.

   2.  Not  interrogated;  having  no  questions  asked;  not examined or
   examined into. Shak.

     She muttering prayers, as holy rites she meant, Through the divided
     crowd unquestioned went. Dryden.

   3. Indisputable; not to be opposed or impugned.

     Their unquestioned pleasures must be served. B. Jonson.


   Un*quick" (?), a. Not quick. [R.] Daniel.


   Un*qui"et  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + quiet.] To disquiet. [Obs.] Ld.


   Un*qui"et,  a.  [Pref.  un-  +  quiet.]  Not  quiet; restless; uneasy;
   agitated; disturbed. -- Un*qui"et*ly, adv. -- Un*qui"et*ness, n.


   Un*qui"e*tude (?), n. Uneasiness; inquietude.


   Un*rav"el (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- (intensive) + ravel.]

   1.  To  disentangle;  to  disengage or separate the threads of; as, to
   unravel a stocking.

   2.  Hence,  to  clear  from  complication or difficulty; to unfold; to
   solve; as, to unravel a plot.

   3.  To  separate  the  connected  or  united  parts  of; to throw into
   disorder;  to  confuse.  "Art shall be conjured for it, and nature all
   unraveled." Dryden.


   Un*rav"el, v. i. To become unraveled, in any sense.


   Un*rav"el*ment  (?),  n.  The act of unraveling, or the state of being


   Un*ra"zored (?), a. Not shaven. [R.] Milton.


   Un*read" (?), a.

   1. Not read or perused; as, an unread book. Hooker.

   2. Not versed in literature; illiterate. Dryden.


   Un*read"i*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being unready.


   Un*read"y (?), a.

   1. Not ready or prepared; not prompt; slow; awkward; clumsy. Dryden.

     Nor need the unready virgin strike her breast. Keble.

   2. Not dressed; undressed. [Obs.]


   Un*read"y,  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + ready.] To undress. [Obs.] Sir P.


   Un*re"al (?), a. Not real; unsubstantial; fanciful; ideal.


   Un`re*al"i*ty  (?),  n.  The quality or state of being unreal; want of


   Un*re"al*ize  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + realize.] To make unreal; to

     His fancy . . . unrealizes everything at a touch. Lowell.


   Un*re"al*ly, adv. In an unreal manner; ideally.


   Un*rea"son  (?),  n.  [Pref.  un-  not  +  reason.]  Want  of  reason;
   unreasonableness;  absurdity. Abbot of Unreason. See Abbot of Misrule,
   under Abbot.


   Un*rea"son,  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un- + reason.] To undo, disprove, or
   refute by reasoning. [Obs.]

     To unreason the equity of God's proceedings. South.


   Un*rea"son*a*ble  (?),  a.  Not  reasonable;  irrational;  immoderate;
   exorbitant. -- Un*rea"son*a*ble*ness, n. -- Un*rea"son*a*bly, adv.


   Un*rea"soned   (?),   a.   Not   supported  by  reason;  unreasonable.
   "Unreasoned habits." Burke.


   Un*reave"  (?),  v.  t.  [See  Unreeve.] To unwind; to disentangle; to
   loose. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Un*reaved"  (?),  a. [See Un- not, and, for -reaved, cf. Rive, and AS.
   re\'a2fan  to  break.] Not torn, split, or parted; not torn to pieces.
   [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Un`re*buk"a*ble  (?), a. Not deserving rebuke or censure; blameless. 1
   Tim. vi. 14.


   Un`re*cur"ing (?), a. Incurable. [Obs.] "Some unrecuring wound." Shak.


   Un`re*deemed" (?), a. Not redeemed.


   Un*reeve"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  reeve, v. t.] (Naut.) To
   withdraw, or take out, as a rope from a block, thimble, or the like.


   Un*ref`or*ma"tion   (?),  n.  Want  of  reformation;  state  of  being
   unreformed. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Un`re*gen"er*a*cy  (?), n. The quality or state of being unregenerate.

                          Unregenerate, Unregenerated

   Un`re*gen"er*ate  (?), Un`re*gen"er*a`ted (?), a. Not regenerated; not
   renewed in heart; remaining or being at enmity with God.


   Un`re*gen`er*a"tion (?), n. Unregeneracy.


   Un*rein" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + rein.] To loosen the reins of; to
   remove restraint from. Addison.


   Un`re*lent"ing  (?), a. Not relenting; unyielding; rigid; hard; stern;
   cruel. -- Un`re*lent"ing*ly, adv. -- Un`re*lent"ing*ness, n.


   Un`re*li"a*ble  (?),  a. Not reliable; untrustworthy. See Reliable. --
   Un`re*li"a*ble*ness, n.

     Alcibiades   .  .  .  was  too  unsteady,  and  (according  to  Mr.
     Coleridge's  coinage)  "unreliable;"  or  perhaps,  in more correct
     English, too "unrelyuponable." De Quincey.


   Un`re*li"gious (?), a. Irreligious. Wordsworth.


   Un`re*mem"brance (?), n. Want of remembrance; forgetfulness. I. Watts.


   Un`re*mit"ting   (?),   a.   Not   remitting;   incessant;  continued;
   persevering;  as, unremitting exertions. Cowper. -- Un`re*mit"ting*ly,
   adv. -- Un`re*mit"ting*ness, n.


   Un`re*morse"less  (?),  a.  [Pref. un- not (intensive) + remorseless.]
   Utterly remorseless. [Obs. & R.] "Unremorseless death." Cowley.


   Un`re*pent"ance (?), n. Impenitence. [R.]


   Un`re*proach"a*ble    (?),   a.   Not   liable   to   be   reproached;


   Un`re*priev"a*ble (?), a. Not capable of being reprieved. Shak.


   Un`re*proved (?), a.

   1. Not reproved. Sandys.

   2. Not having incurred reproof, blameless. [Obs.]

     In unreproved pleasures free. Milton.


   Un*rep"u*ta*ble (?), a. Disreputable.


   Un`re*serve"  (?),  n.  Absence  of  reverse;  frankness;  freedom  of
   communication. T. Warton.


   Un`re*served"  (?),  a.  Not  reserved; not kept back; not withheld in
   part;    unrestrained.    --    Un`re*serv"ed*ly    (#),    adv.    --
   Un`re*serv"ed*ness, n.


   Un`re*sist"ance    (?),    n.   Nonresistance;   passive   submission;
   irresistance. Bp. Hall.


   Un`re*sist"ed, a.

   1. Not resisted; unopposed. Bentley.

   2. Resistless; as, unresisted fate. [R.] Pope.


   Un`re*sist"i*ble (?), a. Irresistible. W. Temple.


   Un`re*spect"  (?),  n. Disrespect. [Obs.] "Unrespect of her toil." Bp.


   Un`re*spon"si*ble     (?),     a.     Irresponsible.     Fuller.    --
   Un`re*spon"si*ble*ness, n.


   Un*rest"  (?),  n. Want of rest or repose; unquietness; sleeplessness;
   uneasiness; disquietude.

     Is this, quoth she, the cause of your unrest! Chaucer.

     Can  calm  despair  and  wild unrest Be tenants of a single breast?


   Un`re*straint"  (?),  n.  Freedom  from  restraint;  freedom; liberty;


   Un*rest"y  (?),  a.  Causing unrest; disquieting; as, unresty sorrows.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un*rev"e*nued (?), a. Not furnished with a revenue. [R.] Milton.


   Un*rev"er*ence  (?),  n.  Absence  or  lack of reverence; irreverence.
   [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un*rev"er*end (?), a.

   1. Not reverend.

   2. Disrespectful; irreverent. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*rev"er*ent (?), a. Irreverent. [R.] Shak.


   Un*rev"er*ent*ly, adv. Irreverently. [R.] B. Jonson.


   Un*rid"dle  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  [1st pref. un- + riddle.] To read the
   riddle  of;  to  solve  or  explain;  as,  to  unriddle an enigma or a
   mystery. Macaulay.

     And where you can't unriddle, learn to trust. Parnell.


   Un*rid"dler (?), n. One who unriddles. Lovelace.


   Un*rig" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + rig.] (Naut.) To strip of rigging;
   as, to unrig a ship. Totten.


   Un*right"  (?),  a.  [AS.  unriht. See Un- not, and Right.] Not right;
   wrong. [Obs.] Gower.


   Un*right", n. A wrong. [Obs.]

     Nor did I you never unright. Chaucer.


   Un*right"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + right.] To cause (something
   right) to become wrong. [Obs.] Gower.


   Un*right"eous (?), a. [OE. unrightwise, AS. unrihtw\'c6s. See Un- not,
   and Righteous.]

   1. Not righteous; evil; wicked; sinful; as, an unrighteous man.

   2.  Contrary  to  law and equity; unjust; as, an unrighteous decree or
   sentence. -- Un*right"eous*ly, adv. -- Un*right"eous*ness, n.


   Un*right"wise`    (?),    a.    Unrighteous.    [Obs.]    Wyclif.   --
   Un*right"wise`ly, adv. [Obs.]


   Un*ringed" (?), a. Not having a ring, as in the nose. "Pigs unringed."


   Un*ri"ot*ed  (?),  a.  Free  from  rioting. [Obs.] "A chaste, unrioted
   house." May (Lucan).


   Un*rip"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- (intensive) + rip.] To rip; to cut
   open. Bacon.


   Un*ripe" (?), a.

   1. Not ripe; as, unripe fruit.

   2. Developing too early; premature. Sir P. Sidney.


   Un*ripe"ness, n. Quality or state of being unripe.


   Un*ri"valed  (?),  a. Having no rival; without a competitor; peerless.
   [Spelt also unrivalled.] Pope.


   Un*riv"et  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + rivet.] To take out, or loose,
   the rivets of; as, to unrivet boiler plates.


   Un*robe"  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  [1st  pref. un- + robe.] To disrobe; to
   undress; to take off the robes.


   Un*roll" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + roll.] [Written also unrol.]

   1.  To  open,  as what is rolled or convolved; as, to unroll cloth; to
   unroll a banner.

   2. To display; to reveal. Dryden.

   3. To remove from a roll or register, as a name.

     If I make not this cheat bring out another . . . let me be unrolled
     and my name put in the book of virtue! Shak.


   Un-Ro"man*ized (?), a.

   1. Not subjected to Roman arms or customs. J. Whitaker.

   2.  (Eccl.)  Not  subjected  to  the principles or usages of the Roman
   Catholic Church.


   Un*roof"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + roof.] To strip off the roof or
   covering of, as a house. Shak.


   Un*roofed" (?), a.

   1.  [Properly  p.  p.  of  unroof.]  Stripped  of  a  roof, or similar

     Broken carriages, dead horses, unroofed cottages, all indicated the
     movements. Sir W. Scott.

   2. [Pref. un- not + roofed.] Not yet roofed.


   Un*roost" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + roost.] To drive from the roost.


   Un*root"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + root.] To tear up by the roots;
   to eradicate; to uproot.


   Un*root", v. i. To be torn up by the roots. Beau. & Fl.


   Un*rude" (?), a. [Pref. un- + rude. In sense 2 un- is intensive.]

   1. Not rude; polished. Herrick.

   2.  Excessively rude. [Obs. & R.] "See how the unrude rascal backbites
   him." B. Jonson.


   Un*ruf"fle  (?),  v.  i. [1st pref. un- + ruffle.] To cease from being
   ruffled or agitated. Dryden.


   Un*ruf"fled  (?),  a.  [Pref.  un-  not  +  ruffled.]  Not  ruffled or
   agitated; smooth; calm; tranquil; quiet.

     Calm and unruffled as a summer's sea. Addison.

                             Unruinate, Unruinated

   Un*ru"in*ate  (?),  Un*ru"in*a`ted  (?),  a.  Not ruined or destroyed.
   [Obs.] "Unruinated towers." Bp. Hall.


   Un*ruled" (?), a.

   1. Not governed or controlled. "Unruled and undirected." Spenser.

   2. Not ruled or marked with lines; as, unruled paper.


   Un*rul"i*ment  (?),  n.  Unruliness.  [Obs.] "Breaking forth with rude
   unruliment." Spenser.


   Un*rul"i*ness, n. Quality or state unruly.


   Un*rul"y  (?),  a. [Compar. Unrulier (, superl. Unruliest.] [Pref. un-
   not + rule. Cf. Ruly.] Not submissive to rule; disregarding restraint;
   disposed  to  violate;  turbulent;  ungovernable;  refractory;  as, an
   unruly boy; unruly boy; unruly conduct.

     But  the  tongue  can  no  man  tame; it is an unruly evil, full of
     deadly poison. James iii. 8.


   Un*rum"ple  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + rumple.] To free from rumples;
   to spread or lay even,


   Un*sac"ra*ment  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + sacrament.] To deprive of
   sacramental  character  or  efficacy;  as,  to unsacrament the rite of
   baptism. [Obs.]


   Un*sad"  (?),  a.  [AS. uns\'91d unsated, insatiable. See Un- not, and
   Sad.] Unsteady; fickle. [Obs.]

     O, stormy people, unsad and ever untrue. Chaucer.


   Un*sad"den  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + sadden.] To relieve from
   sadness; to cheer. [R.] Whitlock.


   Un*sad"dle (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + saddle.]

   1. To strip of a saddle; to take the saddle from, as a horse.

   2. To throw from the saddle; to unhorse.


   Un*sad"ness, n. [From Unsad.] Infirmity; weakness. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un*safe"ty  (?), n. The quality or state of being in peril; absence of
   safety; insecurity. Bacon.


   Un*saint" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + saint.] To deprive of saintship;
   to deny sanctity to. [R.] South.


   Un*saint"ly, a. Unbecoming to a saint. Gauden.


   Un*sal"a*ble (?), a. Not salable; unmerchantable. -- n. That which can
   not be sold. Byron.


   Un*sanc`ti*fi*ca"tion (?), n. Absence or lack of sanctification. Shak.


   Un*sa`ti*a*bil"i*ty    (?),    n.   Quality   of   being   unsatiable;
   insatiability. [Obs.]


   Un*sa"ti*a*ble    (?),    a.    Insatiable.    [Obs.]    Hooker.    --
   Un*sa"ti*a*ble*ness, n. [Obs.] -- Un*sa"ti*a*bly, adv. [Obs.]


   Un*sa"ti*ate (?), a. Insatiate. Dr. H. More.


   Un*sat`is*fac"tion (?), n. Dissatisfaction. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Un*sat"u*ra`ted (?), a.

   1.  Capable  of  absorbing  or  dissolving to a greater degree; as, an
   unsaturated solution.

   2.  (Chem.)  Capable  of  taking up, or of uniting with, certain other
   elements  or  compounds,  without the elimination of any side product;
   thus, aldehyde, ethylene, and ammonia are unsaturated.


   Un*sat`u*ra"tion (?), n. The quality or state of being unsaturated.


   Un*say  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + say.] To recant or recall, as what
   has been said; to refract; to take back again; to make as if not said.

     You can say and unsay things at pleasure. Goldsmith.


   Un*scale"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + scale.] To divest of scales; to
   remove scales from.

     [An  eagle]  purging  and  unscaling  her  long-abused sight at the
     fountain itself of heavenly radiance. Milton.


   Un*scap"a*ble (?), a. Not be escaped; inevitable. [Obs.] Wyclif.

                            Unsceptered, Unsceptred

   Un*scep"tered, Un*scep"tred (?), a.

   1. [Pref. un- not + sceptered.] Having no scepter.

   2. [1st pref. un- + scepter.] Deprived of a scepter.


   Un*sci"ence (?), n. Want of science or knowledge; ignorance. [Obs.]

     If  that  any  wight ween a thing to be otherwise than it is, it is
     not only unscience, but it is deceivable opinion. Chaucer.


   Un*screw" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + screw.] To draw the screws from;
   to  loose from screws; to loosen or withdraw (anything, as a screw) by
   turning it.


   Un*scru"pu*lous    (?),    a.   Not   scrupulous;   unprincipled.   --
   Un*scru"pu*lous*ly, adv. -- Un*scru"pu*lous*ness, n.


   Un*scru"ta*ble (?), a. Inscrutable. [R.]


   Un*soutch"eoned (?), a. Destitute of an escutcheon. [R.] Pollock.


   Un*seal" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + seal.]

   1.  To break or remove the seal of; to open, as what is sealed; as, to
   unseal a letter.

     Unable to unseal his lips beyond the width of a quarter of an inch.
     Sir W. Scott.

   2. To disclose, as a secret. [Obs.] The Coronation.


   Un*seam  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + seam.] To open the seam or seams
   of; to rip; to cut; to cut open. Shak.


   Un*search"a*ble   (?),   a.   Not   searchable;  inscrutable;  hidden;

     The counsels of God are to us unsearchable. Rogers.

   -- Un*search"a*ble*ness, n. -- Un*search"a*bly, adv.


   Un*sea"son (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + season.]

   1. To make unseasoned; to deprive of seasoning.

   2.  To  strike  unseasonably;  to  affect disagreeably or unfavorably.

     Why  do  I  send  this  rustic  madrigal,  That may thy tuneful ear
     unseason quite? Spenser.


   Un*sea"son*a*ble (?), a. Not seasonable; being, done, or occurring out
   of  the proper season; ill-timed; untimely; too early or too late; as,
   he  called  at an unseasonable hour; unseasonable advice; unseasonable
   frosts;   unseasonable   food.   --   Un*sea"son*a*ble*ness,   n.   --
   Un*sea"son*a*bly, adv.


   Un*sea"soned (?), a.

   1. Not seasoned.

   2. Untimely; ill-timed. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*seat" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + seat.]

   1. To throw from one's seat; to deprive of a seat. Cowper.

   2. Specifically, to deprive of the right to sit in a legislative body,
   as for fraud in election. Macaulay.

   Page 1581


   Un*sec"ond*ed (?), a.

   1. Not seconded; not supported, aided, or assisted; as, the motion was
   unseconded; the attempt was unseconded.

   2.  Not  exemplified  a  second  time.  [Obs.] "Strange and unseconded
   shapes of worms." Sir T. Browne.


   Un*se"cret  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + secret.] To disclose; to
   divulge. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Un*se"cret,  a.  [Pref.  un- not + secret.] Not secret; not close; not
   trusty; indiscreet. [Obs.] "We are unsecret to ourselves." Shak.


   Un*sec"u*lar*ize  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + secularize.] To cause to
   become  not  secular;  to detach from secular things; to alienate from
   the world.


   Un`se*cure" (?), a. Insecure. [R.] Milton.


   Un*seel"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + seel.] To open, as the eyes of a
   hawk  that  have  been  seeled; hence, to give light to; to enlighten.
   [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Un*seem" (?), v. i. [1st pref. un- + seem.] Not to seem. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*seem"ing, a. Unbeseeming; not fit or becoming.


   Un*seem"li*ness  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being unseemly;
   unbecomingness. Udall.


   Un*seem"ly, a. Not seemly; unbecoming; indecent.

     An unseemly outbreak of temper. Hawthorne.


   Un*seem"ly, adv. In an unseemly manner.


   Un*seen" (?), a.

   1. Not seen or discovered.

   2. Unskilled; inexperienced. [Obs.] Clarendon.


   Un*sel"dom (?), adv. Not seldom; frequently. [R.]


   Un*se"ly  (?),  a.  [AS.  uns. See Un- not, and Silly.] Not blessed or
   happy;  wretched; unfortunate. [Written also unsilly.] [Obs.] Chaucer.
   -- Un*se"li*ness, n. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un*sem"i*nared (?), a. [See 1st Un-, and Semen.] Deprived of virility,
   or seminal energy; made a eunuch. [Obs.]


   Un*sensed  (?),  a.  Wanting  a  distinct  meaning;  having no certain
   signification. [R.] Puller.


   Un*sen"si*ble (?), a. Insensible. [Obs.]


   Un*sen"su*al*ize  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + sensualize.] To elevate
   from the domain of the senses; to purify. Coleridge.


   Un*sep"a*ra*ble  (?),  a.  Inseparable.  [Obs.] "In love unseparable."


   Un*serv"ice  (?),  n.  Neglect  of  duty;  idleness; indolence. [Obs.]


   Un*set" (?), a. Not set; not fixed or appointed.


   Un*set"tle (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + settle.] To move or loosen from
   a  settled  position  or state; to unfix; to displace; to disorder; to


   Un*set"tle,  v.  i.  To become unsettled or unfixed; to be disordered.


   Un*set"tled*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being unsettled.


   Un*set"tle*ment  (?),  n.  The  act  of  unsettling, or state of being
   unsettled; disturbance. J. H. Newman.


   Un*sev"en  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + seven.] To render other than
   seven;  to  make  to  be  no longer seven. [Obs. & R.] "To unseven the
   sacraments of the church of Rome." Fuller.


   Un*sew"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + sew.] To undo, as something sewn,
   or  something  inclosed  by  sewing;  to  rip  apart;  to take out the
   stitches of.


   Un*sex"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Unsexed  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Unsexing.]  [1st  pref. un- + sex.] To deprive of sex, or of qualities
   becoming to one's sex; esp., to make unfeminine in character, manners,
   duties, or the like; as, to unsex a woman.


   Un*sex"u*al  (?),  a. Not sexual; not proper or peculiar to one of the
   sexes. De Quincey.


   Un*shac"kle  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + shackle.] To loose from
   shackles or bonds; to set free from restraint; to unfetter. Addison.


   Un*shak"a*ble  (?), a. Not capable of being shaken; firm; fixed. Shak.
   J. S. Mill.


   Un*shaked" (?), a. Unshaken. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*shale"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + shale.] To strip the shale, or
   husk, from; to uncover. [Obs.]

     I will not unshale the jest before it be ripe. Marston.


   Un*shape  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + shape.] To deprive of shape, or
   of proper shape; to disorder; to confound; to derange. [R.] Shak.

                              Unshaped, Unshapen

   Un*shaped"  (?),  Un*shap"en (?), a. [Pref. un- not + shaped, shapen.]
   Not shaped; shapeless; misshapen; deformed; ugly.


   Un*sheathe"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un- + sheath.] To deprive of a
   sheath;  to draw from the sheath or scabbard, as a sword. To unsheathe
   the sword, to make war.


   Un*shed" (?), a.

   1. Not parted or divided, as the hair. [Obs.] Spenser.

   2. Not spilt, or made to flow, as blood or tears. Milton.


   Un*shell" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + shell.] To strip the shell from;
   to take out of the shell; to hatch.


   Un*shelve"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + shelve.] To remove from, or as
   from, a shelf.


   Un*shent (?), a. Not shent; not disgraced; blameless. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Un*sher"iff  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + sheriff.] To depose from the
   office of sheriff. [R.]


   Un*shet" (?), v. t. To unshut. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un*shift"a*ble (?), a.

   1. That may

   2. Shiftless; helpless. [Obs.]


   Un*ship" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + ship.]

   1. To take out of a ship or vessel; as, to unship goods.

   2.  (Naut.)  To  remove  or detach, as any part or implement, from its
   proper  position  or  connection when in use; as, to unship an oar; to
   unship capstan bars; to unship the tiller.


   Un*ship"ment  (?),  n.  The  act  of unshipping, or the state of being
   unshipped; displacement.


   Un*shot"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + shot.] To remove the shot from,
   as from a shotted gun; to unload.


   Un*shot",  a.  [Pref.  un-  +  shot.]  Not  hit  by  a shot; also, not
   discharged or fired off.


   Un*shout"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + shout.] To recall what is done
   by shouting. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*shroud"  (,  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + shroud.] To remove the shroud
   from; to uncover. P. Fletcher.


   Un*shrubbed" (?), a. Being without shrubs.


   Un*shut"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + shut.] To open, or throw open.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un*shut"ter  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + shutter.] To open or remove
   the shutters of. T. Hughes.


   Un*sight"  (?),  a.  Doing  or  done  without  sight;  not  seeing  or
   examining.  [Colloq.]  Unsight  unseen,  a colloquial phrase, denoting
   unseeing  unseen,  or  unseen  repeated;  as,  to  buy a thing unsight
   unseen, that is, without seeing it.
     For  to  subscribe,  unsight,  unseen,  To a new church discipline.
     There  was  a great confluence of chapmen, that resorted from every
     part,  with  a  design  to purchase, which they were to do "unsight
     unseen." Spectator.
   Un*sight"a*ble (?), a. Invisible. [Obs.]
   Un*sight"ed, a.
   1. Not sighted, or seen. Suckling.
   2.  (Gun.)  Not  aimed by means of a sight; also, not furnished with a
   sight,  or  with a properly adjusted sight; as, to shoot and unsighted
   rife or cannon.


   Un`sig*nif"i*cant (?), a. Insignificant. [Obs.] Holland.


   Un*sil"ly (?), a. See Unsely. [Obs.]


   Un`sim*plic"i*ty   (?),  n.  Absence  of  simplicity;  artfulness.  C.


   Un*sin" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + sin.] To deprive of sinfulness, as
   a sin; to make sinless. [Obs.] Feltham.


   Un`sin*cere" (?), a. Not sincere or pure; insincere. [Obs.] Dryden. --
   Un`sin*cere"ness, n. [Obs.]


   Un`sin*cer"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality or state of being unsincere or
   impure; insincerity. [Obs.] Boyle.


   Un*sin"ew  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + sinew.] To deprive of sinews or
   of strength. [R.] Dryden.


   Un*sis"ter  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + sister.] To separate, as
   sisters; to disjoin. [Poetic & R.] Tennyson.


   Un*sis"ter*ly, a. Not sisterly. Richardson.


   Un*sist"ing (?), a. Unresisting. [Obs.] "The unsisting postern." Shak.


   Un*sit"ting  (?),  a.  Not sitting well; unbecoming. [Obs.] "Unsitting
   words." Sir T. More.


   Un*skill"  (?),  n.  Want  of skill; ignorance; unskillfulness. [Obs.]


   Un*skill"ful (?), a. [Spelt also unskilful.]

   1.  Not  skillful; inexperienced; awkward; bungling; as, an unskillful
   surgeon or mechanic; an unskillful logician.

   2. Lacking discernment; injudicious; ignorant.

     Though it make the unskillful laugh, can not but make the judicious
     grieve. Shak.

   -- Un*skill"ful*ly, adv. -- Un*skill"ful*ness, n.


   Un*slacked" (?), a. Not slacked; unslaked; as, unslacked lime.


   Un*slaked"  (?),  a.  Not  slaked;  unslacked; as, an unslaked thirst;
   unslaked lime.


   Un*sling"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + sling.] (Naut.) To take off the
   slings of, as a yard, a cask, or the like; to release from the slings.


   Un*sluice" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + sluice.] To sluice; to open the
   sluice or sluices of; to let flow; to discharge. Dryden.


   Un*so`cia*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. The quality or state of being unsociable;


   Un*so"cia*ble (?), a. Not sociable; not inclined to society; averse to
   companionship  or  conversation; solitary; reserved; as, an unsociable
   person or temper. -- Un*so"cia*ble*ness, n. -- Un*so"cia*bly, adv.


   Un*sock"et  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + socket.] To loose or take from
   a socket.


   Un*soft"  (?; 115), a. Not soft; hard; coarse; rough. [Obs.] "Bristles
   of his beard unsoft." Chaucer.


   Un*soft", adv. [AS. uns. See Un- not, and Soft.] Not softly. [Obs.]

     Great climbers fall unsoft. Spenser.


   Un*sol"der  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  solder.] To separate or
   disunite,  as  what  has  been  soldered; hence, to divide; to sunder.
   [Formerly written also unsoder.] Tennyson.


   Un*sol"diered (?; 106), a. Not equipped like a soldier; unsoldierlike.
   [Obs.] J. Fletcher.


   Un*sol"em*nize  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + solemnize.] To divest of


   Un*so"na*ble  (?),  a. [Pref. un- + L. sonabilis sounding, from sonare
   to sound.] Incapable of being sounded. [Obs.]


   Un*son"sy  (?),  a.  [See  Un- not, and Soncy.] Not soncy (sonsy); not
   fortunate. [Scot.]


   Un*soot" (?), a. [AS. unsw. See Un- not, and Sweet.] Not sweet. [Obs.]

                        Unsophisticate, Unsophisticated

   Un`so*phis"ti*cate    (?),    Un`so*phis"ti*ca`ted    (?),    a.   Not
   sophisticated;  pure; innocent; genuine. -- Un`so*phis"ti*ca`ted*ness,


   Un*sor"rowed (?), a. Not sorrowed for; unlamented. Beau. & Fl.


   Un*sort"ed (?), a.

   1. Not sorted; not classified; as, a lot of unsorted goods.

   2. Not well selected; ill-chosen.

     The  purpose  you  undertake  is  dangerous;  the friends you named
     uncertain; the time itself unsorted. Shak.


   Un*soul"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + soul.] To deprive of soul,
   spirit, or principle. [R.] Shelton.


   Un*sound"  (?), a. Not sound; not whole; not solid; defective; infirm;
   diseased. -- Un*sound"ly, adv. -- Un*sound"ness, n.


   Un*spar" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + spar.] To take the spars, stakes,
   or bars from. [R.] Sir W. Scott.


   Un*spar"ing (?), a. [Pref. un- not + sparing, p. pr. of spare.]

   1. Not sparing; not parsimonious; liberal; profuse. Burke.

   2. Not merciful or forgiving. [R.] Milton. -- Un*spar"ing*ly (#), adv.
   -- Un*spar"ing*ness, n.


   Un*speak"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + speak.] To retract, as what has
   been spoken; to recant; to unsay. [R.] Shak.


   Un*speak"a*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  un- not + speakable.] Not speakable;
   incapable  of  being  uttered  or adequately described; inexpressible;
   unutterable;   ineffable;   as,   unspeakable   grief   or   rage.  --
   Un*speak"a*bly, adv.

     Ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory. 1 Pet. i. 8.


   Un*spe"cial*ized  (?),  a.  Not specialized; specifically (Biol.), not
   adapted,  or set apart, for any particular purpose or function; as, an
   unspecialized unicellular organism. W. K. Brooks.


   Un*sped" (?), a. Not performed; not dispatched. [Obs.] Garth.


   Un*spell" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + spell.] To break the power of (a
   spell);  to  release  (a  person)  from  the  influence of a spell; to
   disenchant. [R.]

     Such  practices  as  these,  .  .  .  The more judicious Israelites
     unspelled. Dryden.


   Un*sphere"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + sphere.] To remove, as a
   planet, from its sphere or orb. Shak.


   Un*spike"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + spike.] To remove a spike from,
   as from the vent of a cannon.


   Un*spilt" (?), a. Not spilt or wasted; not shed.


   Un*spin"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + spin.] To untwist, as something


   Un*spir"it  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + spirit.] To dispirit. [Obs.]
   Sir W. Temple.


   Un*spir"it*al*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + spiritualize.] To
   deprive of spiritually. South.


   Un*spleened" (?), a. [1st pref. un- + spleen.] Deprived of a spleen.


   Un*spot"ted  (?), a. Not spotted; free from spot or stain; especially,
   free  from  moral  stain;  unblemished;  immaculate;  as, an unspotted
   reputation. -- Un*spot"ted*ness, n.


   Un*squire" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + squire.] To divest of the title
   or privilege of an esquire. Swift.


   Un*sta"ble  (?),  a.  [Cf.  Instable.] Not stable; not firm, fixed, or
   constant;  subject  to  change  or  overthrow.  -- Un*sta"ble*ness, n.
   Chaucer. Unstable equilibrium. See Stable equilibrium, under Stable.


   Un*stack" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + stack.] To remove, or take away,
   from a stack; to remove, as something constituting a stack.


   Un*starch"  (?),  v.  t. [Pref. un- + starch.] To free from starch; to
   make limp or pliable.


   Un*state"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + state.] To deprive of state or
   dignity. [R.]

     High-battled C\'91sar will unstate his happiness. Shak.


   Un*steel"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + steel.] To disarm; to soften.


   Un*step"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + step.] (Naut.) To remove, as a
   mast, from its step.


   Un*stick" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + stick.] To release, as one thing
   stuck to another. Richardson.


   Un*still"  (?),  a.  [AS.  unstille.  See  Un- not, and Still, a.] Not
   still; restless. [R.]


   Un*sting" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + sting.] To disarm of a sting; to
   remove  the sting of. [R.] "Elegant dissertations on virtue and vice .
   . . will not unsting calamity." J. M. Mason.


   Un*stitch" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + stitch.] To open by picking out
   stitches;  to  take  out,  or undo, the stitches of; as, to unstitch a
   seam. Collier.


   Un*stock" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + stock.]

   1. To deprive of a stock; to remove the stock from; to loose from that
   which fixes, or holds fast.

   2. To remove from the stocks, as a ship.


   Un*stock"inged (?), a.

   1. [Pref. un- not + stocking.] Destitute of stockings. Sir W. Scott.

   2. [1st pref. un- + stocking.] Deprived of stockings.


   Un*stop" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + stop.]

   1.  To  take  the stopple or stopper from; as, to unstop a bottle or a

   2. To free from any obstruction; to open.


   Un*strain"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + strain.] To relieve from a
   strain; to relax. B. Jonson.


   Un*strained" (?), a. [Pref. un- not + strain.]

   1.  Not strained; not cleared or purified by straining; as, unstrained
   oil or milk.

   2. Not forced; easy; natural; as, a unstrained deduction or inference.


   Un*strat"i*fied  (?), a. (Geol.) Not stratified; -- applied to massive
   rocks,  as  granite,  porphyry,  etc.,  and  also to deposits of loose
   material, as the glacial till, which occur in masses without layers or


   Un*strength"  (?),  n.  Want of strength; weakness; feebleness. [Obs.]


   Un*stri"a*ted (?), a. (Nat. Hist.) Nonstriated; unstriped.


   Un*string" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + string.]

   1. To deprive of a string or strings; also, to take from a string; as,
   to unstring beads.

   2.  To  loosen  the  string or strings of; as, to unstring a harp or a

   3.  To  relax  the tension of; to loosen. "His garland they unstring."
   Dryden. Used also figuratively; as, his nerves were unstrung by fear.


   Un*striped" (?), a.

   1. Not striped.

   2.   (Nat.  Hist.)  Without  marks  or  striations;  nonstriated;  as,
   unstriped muscle fibers.


   Un*stud"ied (?), a.

   1. Not studied; not acquired by study; unlabored; natural.

   2. Not skilled; unversed; -- followed by in.

   3. Not spent in study. [Obs.] "To cloak the defects of their unstudied
   years." Milton.

   Page 1582


   Un`sub*stan"tial  (?),  a.  Lacking in matter or substance; visionary;


   Un`sub*stan"tial*ize  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + substantialize.] To
   make unsubstantial. [R.]


   Un`sub*stan`ti*a"tion  (?),  n.  [1st  pref.  un- + substantiation.] A
   divesting of substantiality.


   Un`suc*ceed"a*ble (?), a. Not able or likely to succeed. [Obs.] Sir T.


   Un`suc*cess"  (?),  n.  Want  of  success;  failure; misfortune. Prof.


   Un`suc*cess"ful  (?),  a.  Not  successful;  not producing the desired
   event; not fortunate; meeting with, or resulting in, failure; unlucky;
   unhappy. -- Un`suc*cess"ful*ly, adv. -- Un`suc*cess"ful*ness, n.


   Un*suf"fer*a*ble    (?),    a.   Insufferable.   [Obs.]   Hooker.   --
   Un*suf"fer*a*bly, adv. [Obs.]


   Un*suf"fer*ing,  n. Inability or incapability of enduring, or of being
   endured. [Obs.] Wyclif.

                         Unsufficience, Unsufficiency

   Un`suf*fi"cience  (?), Un`suf*fi"cien*cy (?), n. Insufficiency. [Obs.]


   Un`suf*fi"cient (?), a. Insufficient. [Obs.]


   Un*suit"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + suit.] Not to suit; to be unfit
   for. [Obs.] Quarles.


   Un`sup*port"a*ble    (?),    a.    Insupportable;    unendurable.   --
   Un`sup*port"a*ble*ness, n. Bp. Wilkins. -- Un`sup*port"a*bly, adv.


   Un*sured" (?), a. Not made sure. [Obs.]

     Thy now unsured assurance to the crown. Shak.


   Un*sure"ty  (?),  n.  Want  of surety; uncertainty; insecurity; doubt.
   [Obs.] Sir T. More.


   Un`sur*mount"a*ble (?), a. Insurmountable. Locke.


   Un`sus*pi"cion  (?),  n.  The  quality or state of being unsuspecting.


   Un*swad"dle  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + swaddle.] To take a swaddle
   from; to unswathe.


   Un*swathe" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + swathe.] To take a swathe from;
   to relieve from a bandage; to unswaddle. Addison.


   Un*sway"a*ble (?), a. Not capable of being swayed. Shak.


   Un*swear"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + swear.] To recant or recall, as
   an oath; to recall after having sworn; to abjure. J. Fletcher.


   Un*swear", v. i. To recall an oath. Spenser.


   Un*sweat"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  sweat.]  To relieve from
   perspiration; to ease or cool after exercise or toil. [R.] Milton.


   Un*swell"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + swell.] To sink from a swollen
   state; to subside. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un`sym*met"ric*al (?), a.

   1. Wanting in symmetry, or due proportion pf parts.

   2.  (Biol.) Not symmetrical; being without symmetry, as the parts of a
   flower when similar parts are of different size and shape, or when the
   parts of successive circles differ in number. See Symmetry.

   3.  (Chem.)  Being without symmetry of chemical structure or relation;
   as, an unsymmetrical carbon atom.
   Unsymmetrical carbon atom (Chem.), one which is united at once to four
   different atoms or radicals. This condition usually occasions physical
   isomerism, with the attendant action on polarized light.


   Un`sym*met"ric*al*ly, adv. Not symmetrically.


   Un*sym"pa*thy (?), n. Absence or lack of sympathy.


   Un*tack"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + tack.] To separate, as what is
   tacked; to disjoin; to release.

     being untacked from honest cares. Barrow.


   Un*tac"kle  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  +  tackle.] To unbitch; to
   unharness. [Colloq.] Tusser.


   Un*talked" (?), a. Not talked; not mentioned; -- often with of. Shak.


   Un*tan`gi*bil"i*ty (?), n. Intangibility.


   Un*tan"gi*ble (?), a. Intangible. [R.]


   Un*tan"gi*bly, adv. Intangibly. [R.]


   Un*tan"gle  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + tangle.] To loose from tangles
   or intricacy; to disentangle; to resolve; as, to untangle thread.

     Untangle but this cruel chain. Prior.


   Un*tap"pice  (?),  v.  i.  [1st  pref.  un- + tappice.] to come out of
   concealment. [Obs.] Massinger.


   Un*taste"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + taste.] To deprive of a taste
   for a thing. [R.] Daniel.


   Un*teach" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + teach.]

   1.  To  cause to forget, or to lose from memory, or to disbelieve what
   has been taught.

     Experience will unteach us. Sir T. Browne.

     One  breast laid open were a school Which would unteach mankind the
     lust to shine or rule. Byron.

   2.  To  cause  to  be forgotten; as, to unteach what has been learned.


   Un*team"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + team.] To unyoke a team from.
   [R.] Jer. Taylor.


   Un*tem"per  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + temper.] To deprive of temper,
   or of the proper degree of temper; to make soft.


   Un*tem"per*ate (?), a. Intemperate. [Obs.]


   Un*tem"per*ate*ly, adv. Intemperately. [Obs.]


   Un*tempt"er  (?; 215), n. One who does not tempt, or is not a tempter.
   [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un*ten"ant  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + tenant.] To remove a tenant
   from. [R.] Coleridge.


   Un*tent"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + tent.] To bring out of a tent.
   [R.] Shak.


   Un*tent"ed,  a.  [Pref.  un- not + tent a covering.] Having no tent or
   tents, as a soldier or a field.


   Un*tent"ed,  a.  [Pref. un- not + tented, p. p. of tent to probe.] Not
   tended; not dressed. See 4th Tent.

     The untented woundings of a father's curse Pierce every sense about
     thee! Shak.


   Un*thank"  (?),  n.  [AS.  unpank. See Un- not, Thank.] No thanks; ill
   will; misfortune. [Obs.]

     Unthank come on his head that bound him so. Chaucer.


   Un*think"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + think.] To recall or take back,
   as something thought. Shak.


   Un*think"er  (?),  n.  [Pref.  un-  +  thinker.] A person who does not
   think, or does not think wisely.


   Un*think"ing, a.

   1.   Not   thinking;  not  heedful;  thoughtless;  inconsiderate;  as,
   unthinking youth.

   2. Not indicating thought or reflection; thoughtless.

     With earnest eyes, and round unthinking face, He first the snuffbox
     opened, then the case. Pope.

   -- Un*think"ing*ly, adv. -- Un*think"ing*ness, n.


   Un*thread" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + thread.]

   1. To draw or take out a thread from; as, to unthread a needle.

   2. To deprive of ligaments; to loose the ligaments of.

     He with his bare wand can unthread thy joints. Milton.

   3.  To  make one's way through; to traverse; as, to unthread a devious
   path. De Quincey.


   Un"trift` (?), n.

   1. Want of thrift; untriftiness; prodigality.

   2. An unthrifty. [Obs.] Dryden.


   Un*thrift" (?), a. Unthrifty. [Obs.]


   Un*thrift"ful*ly   (?),  adv.  Not  thriftily.  [Obs.]  "Unthriftfully
   spent." Sir J. Cheke.

                         Unthriftihead, Unthriftihood

   Un*thrift"i*head  (?),  Un*thrift"i*hood  (?), n. Untriftiness. [Obs.]


   Un*thrift"i*ly (?), adv.

   1. Not thriftily.

   2. Improperly; unbecomingly. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un*thrift"i*ness,   n.  The  quality  or  state  or  being  unthrifty;
   profuseness; lavishness. Udall.


   Un*thrift"y (?), a. Not thrifty; profuse. Spenser.


   Un*throne"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + throne.] To remove from, or as
   from, a throne; to dethrone. Milton.


   Un*ti"dy (?), a.

   1. Unseasonable; untimely. [Obs.] "Untidy tales." Piers Plowman.

   2.   Not   tidy  or  neat;  slovenly.  --  Un*ti"di*ly  (#),  adv.  --
   Un*ti"di*ness, n.


   Un*tie" (?), v. t. [AS. unt. See 1st Un-, and Tie, v. t.]

   1.  To  loosen,  as  something interlaced or knotted; to disengage the
   parts of; as, to untie a knot.

     Sacharissa's captive fain Would untie his iron chain. Waller.

     Her snakes untied, sulphurous waters drink. Pope.

   2. To free from fastening or from restraint; to let loose; to unbind.

     Though  you  untie  the  winds,  and  let  them  fight  Against the
     churches. Shak.

     All  the  evils  of  an  untied  tongue we put upon the accounts of
     drunkenness. Jer. Taylor.

   3. To resolve; to unfold; to clear.

     They quicken sloth, perplexities untie. Denham.


   Un*tie", v. i. To become untied or loosed.


   Un*tight"en  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + tighten.] To make less tight
   or tense; to loosen.


   Un*til" (?), prep. [OE. until, ontil; un- (as in unto) + til till; cf.
   Dan. indtil, Sw. intill. See Unto, and Till, prep.]

   1. To; unto; towards; -- used of material objects. Chaucer.

     Taverners until them told the same. Piers Plowman.

     He roused himself full blithe, and hastened them until. Spenser.

   2.  To;  up  to;  till;  before;  --  used of time; as, he staid until
   evening; he will not come back until the end of the month.

     He  and  his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of
     the captivity. Judg. xviii. 30.

     NOTE: &hand; In  contracts and like documents until is construed as
     exclusive  of  the date mentioned unless it was the manifest intent
     of the parties to include it.


   Un*til",  conj. As far as; to the place or degree that; especially, up
   to the time that; till. See Till, conj.

     In  open  prospect  nothing  bounds  our eye, Until the earth seems
     joined unto the sky. Dryden.

     But  the  rest of the dead lives not again until the thousand years
     were finished. Rev. xx. 5.


   Un*tile" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + tile.] To take the tiles from; to
   uncover by removing the tiles.


   Un*time" (?), n. An unseasonable time. [Obs.]

     A man shall not eat in untime. Chaucer.


   Un*time"li*ness (?), n. Unseasonableness.


   Un*time"ly, a. Not timely; done or happening at an unnatural, unusual,
   or  improper  time; unseasonable; premature; inopportune; as, untimely
   frosts; untimely remarks; an untimely death.


   Un*time"ly,  adv.  Out  of  the  natural or usual time; inopportunely;
   prematurely; unseasonably. "Let them know . . . what's untimely done."


   Un*time"ous (?), a. Untimely. [R.] Sir W. Scott.


   Un*time"ous*ly, adv. Untimely; unseasonably. [R.]


   Un*tithed" (?), a. Not subjected tithes.


   Un*ti"tled (?), a.

   1.  Not  titled;  having  no  title,  or  appellation  of  dignity  or
   distinction. Spenser.

   2. Being without title or right; not entitled. Shak.


   Un"to  (?), prep. [OE. unto; un- (only in unto, until) unto, as far as
   + to to; this un- is akin to AS. und OS. und until, conj. (cf. OS. unt
   unto, OHG. unzi), Goth. und unto, until. See To, and cf. Until.]

   1.  To;  --  now used only in antiquated, formal, or scriptural style.
   See To.

   2.  Until;  till.  [Obs.]  "He  shall  abide  it unto the death of the
   priest." Num. xxxv. 25.


   Un"to, conj. Until; till. [Obs.] "Unto this year be gone." Chaucer.


   Un*told" (?), a.

   1. Not told; not related; not revealed; as, untold secrets.

   2. Not numbered or counted; as, untold money.


   Un*tol"er*a*ble (?), a. Intolerable. [Obs.]


   Un*tomb"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + tomb.] To take from the tomb; to
   exhume; to disinter. Fuller.


   Un*tongue (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + tongue.] To deprive of a tongue,
   or of voice. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Un*tooth"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + tooth.] To take out the teeth
   of. Cowper.


   Un*to"ward (?), prep. [Unto + -ward.] Toward. [Obs.] Gower.


   Un*to"ward (?), a. [Pref. un- not + toward.]

   1. Froward; perverse. "Save yourselves from this untoward generation."
   Acts ii. 40.

   2.  Awkward;  ungraceful. "Untoward words." Creech. "Untoward manner."

   3.  Inconvenient; troublesome; vexatious; unlucky; unfortunate; as, an
   untoward  wind or accident. -- Un*to"ward*ly, adv. -- Un*to"ward*ness,


   Un*to"ward*ly,  a. Perverse; froward; untoward. "Untowardly tricks and
   vices." Locke.


   Un*trad"ed (?), a.

   1.  Not dealt with in trade; not visited for purposes of trade. [Obs.]

   2. Unpracticed; inexperienced. [Obs.] Udall.

   3.  Not  traded  in  or  bartered;  hence, not hackneyed; unusual; not
   common. Shak.


   Un*trained" (?), a.

   1. Not trained. Shak.

   2. Not trainable; indocile. [Obs.] Herbert.


   Un*tram"meled  (?),  a.  Not  hampered or impeded; free. [Written also


   Un*trav"eled (?), a. [Written also untravelled.]

   1. Not traveled; not trodden by passengers; as, an untraveled forest.

   2. Having never visited foreign countries; not having gained knowledge
   or experience by travel; as, an untraveled Englishman. Addison.


   Un*tread"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + tread.] To tread back; to
   retrace. Shak.


   Un*treas"ure  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + treasure.] To bring forth or
   give up, as things previously treasured. "The quaintness with which he
   untreasured, as by rote, the stores of his memory." J. Mitford.


   Un*treas"ured (?), a.

   1. [Properly p. p. of untreasure.] Deprived of treasure. [Obs.] Shak.

   2. [Pref. un- not + treasured.] Not treasured; not kept as treasure.


   Un*treat"a*ble  (?),  a.  Incapable of being treated; not practicable.
   [R.] Dr. H. More.


   Un*trenched" (?), a. Being without trenches; whole; intact. [Obs.]


   Un*tressed" (?), a. Not tied up in tresses; unarranged; -- said of the
   hair. Chaucer.


   Un*trow"a*ble   (?),  a.  Incredible.  [Obs.]  "Untrowable  fairness."


   Un*true" (?), a.

   1. Not true; false; contrary to the fact; as, the story is untrue.

   2. Not faithful; inconstant; false; disloyal. Chaucer.


   Un*true, adv. Untruly. [Obs. or Poetic] Chaucer.


   Un*tru"ism  (?),  n.  Something not true; a false statement. [Recent &
   R.] A. Trollope.


   Un*trunked"  (?), a. [1st pref. un- + trunk.] Separated from its trunk
   or stock. [Obs.]


   Un*truss"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + truss.] To loose from a truss,
   or as from a truss; to untie or unfasten; to let out; to undress. [R.]

                              Untruss, Untrusser

   Un*truss"  (?),  Un*truss"er (?), n. One who untrussed persons for the
   purpose of flogging them; a public whipper. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Un*trust" (?), n. Distrust. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un*trust"ful (?), a.

   1. Not trustful or trusting.

   2. Not to be trusted; not trusty. [R.] Sir W. Scott.


   Un*truth" (?), n.

   1.  The  quality  of  being  untrue;  contrariety  to  truth;  want of
   veracity; also, treachery; faithlessness; disloyalty. Chaucer.

   2.  That which is untrue; a false assertion; a falsehood; a lie; also,
   an  act  of treachery or disloyalty. Shak. Syn. -- Lie; falsehood. See


   Un*truth"ful  (?), a. Not truthful; unveracious; contrary to the truth
   or the fact. -- Un*truth"ful*ly, adv. -- Un*truth"ful*ness, n.


   Un*tuck"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + tuck.] To unfold or undo, as a
   tuck; to release from a tuck or fold.


   Un*tune"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un- + tune.] To make incapable of
   harmony, or of harmonious action; to put out of tune. Shak.


   Un*turn"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + turn.] To turn in a reserve way,
   especially so as to open something; as, to unturn a key. Keats.


   Un*turned"  (?),  a. [Pref. un- + turned.] Not turned; not revolved or
   reversed.  To  leave  no  stone unturned, to leave nothing untried for
   accomplishing one's purpose.

     [He]  left  unturned no stone To make my guilt appear, and hide his
     own. Dryden.


   Un*twain"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + twain.] To rend in twain; to
   tear in two. [Obs.] Skelton.


   Un*twine" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + twine.] To untwist; to separate,
   as that which is twined or twisted; to disentangle; to untie.

     It  requires  a  long  and powerful counter sympathy in a nation to
     untwine  the  ties of custom which bind a people to the established
     and the old. Sir W. Hamilton.


   Un*twine", v. i. To become untwined. Milton.


   Un*twirl"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + twirl.] To untwist; to undo.


   Un*twist" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + twist.]

   1.  To  separate  and  open, as twisted threads; to turn back, as that
   which is twisted; to untwine.

     If  one  of  the  twines  of  the  twist do untwist, The twine that
     untwisteth, untwisteth the twist. Wallis.

   2. To untie; to open; to disentangle. Milton.


   Un*ty" (?), v. t. To untie. [Archaic] Young.


   Un*us"age (?; 48), n. Want or lack of usage. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un*used" (?), a.

   1. Not used; as, an unused book; an unused apartment.

   2. Not habituated; unaccustomed.

     Unused to bend, impatient of control. Thomson.


   Un*u"su*al (?), a. Not usual; uncommon; rare; as, an unusual season; a
   person  of  unusual  grace  or  erudition.  --  Un*u"su*al*ly, adv. --
   Un*u"su*al*ness, n.


   Un*u`su*al"i*ty (?), n. Unusualness. Poe.

   Page 1583


   Un*ut"ter*a*ble  (?),  a.  Not utterable; incapable of being spoken or
   voiced;   inexpressible;   ineffable;   unspeakable;  as,  unutterable

     Sighed and looked unutterable things. Thomson.

   -- Un*ut"ter*a*ble*ness, n. -- Un*ut"ter*a*bly, adv.


   Un*vail" (?), v. t. & i. See Unveil.


   Un*val"u*a*ble (?), a.

   1. Invaluable; being beyond price. [Obs.] South.

   2. Not valuable; having little value. [R.] T. Adams.


   Un*val"ued (?), a.

   1.  Not  valued;  not  appraised;  hence, not considered; disregarded;
   valueless; as, an unvalued estate. "Unvalued persons." Shak.

   2. Having inestimable value; invaluable. [Obs.]

     The golden apples of unvalued price. Spenser.


   Un*va"ri*a*ble (?), a. Invariable. Donne.


   Un*veil"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + veil.] To remove a veil from; to
   divest  of a veil; to uncover; to disclose to view; to reveal; as, she
   unveiled her face.


   Un*veil", v. i. To remove a veil; to reveal one's self.


   Un*veil"er (?), n. One who removes a veil.


   Un`ve*rac"i*ty   (?),   n.   Want  of  veracity;  untruthfulness;  as,
   unveracity of heart. Carlyle.


   Un*ves"sel  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + vessel.] To cause to be no
   longer a vessel; to empty. [Obs.] Ford.


   Un*vi"car  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + vicar.] To deprive of the
   position or office a vicar. [R.] Strype.


   Un*vi"o*la*ble (?), a. Inviolable.


   Un*vis"ard  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + vizard.] To take the vizard or
   mask from; to unmask. [Written also unvizard.] [Obs.] Milton.


   Un*vis"i*ble (?), a. Invisible. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un*vis"i*bly, adv. Invisibly. [Obs.]


   Un*vi"ti*a`ted (?), a. Not vitiated; pure.


   Un*vol"un*ta*ry (?), a. Involuntary. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Un*vote"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + vote.] To reverse or annul by
   vote, as a former vote. [R.] Bp, Burnet.


   Un*vow"eled  (?),  a.  Having  no vowel sounds or signs. [Written also
   unvowelled.] Skinner.


   Un*vul"gar*ize  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + vulgarize.] To divest of
   vulgarity; to make to be not vulgar. Lamb.


   Un*vul"ner*a*ble (?), a. Invulnerable. [Obs.]


   Un*ware" (?), a. [AS. unw\'91r unwary. See Un- not, and Wary.]

   1.  Unaware;  not  foreseeing;  being off one's guard. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. Happening unexpectedly; unforeseen. [Obs.]

     The unware woe of harm that cometh behind. Chaucer.

   -- Un*ware"ly, adv. [Obs.] -- Un*ware"ness, n. [Obs.]


   Un*wares"  (?),  adv. Unawares; unexpectedly; -- sometimes preceded by
   at. [Obs.] Holinshed.


   Un*wa"ri*ly (?), adv. In an unwary manner.


   Un*wa"ri*ness,  n. The quality or state of being unwary; carelessness;


   Un*warm"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + warm.] To lose warmth; to grow
   cold. [R.]


   Un*warp"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + warp.] To restore from a warped
   state; to cause to be linger warped.


   Un*warped"  (?),  a.  [Pref. un- not + warped.] Not warped; hence, not
   biased; impartial.


   Un*war"rant*a*ble   (?),   a.   Not   warrantable;  indefensible;  not
   vindicable;   not   justifiable;   illegal;   unjust;   improper.   --
   Un*war"rant*a*ble*ness, n. -- Un*war"rant*a*bly, adv.


   Un*war"rant*ed, a. Not warranted; being without warrant, authority, or
   guaranty; unwarrantable.


   Un*wa"ry (?), a. [Cf. Unware.]

   1.  Not  vigilant  against  danger;  not  wary or cautious; unguarded;
   precipitate; heedless; careless.

   2. Unexpected; unforeseen; unware. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Un*washed"  (?),  a.  Not washed or cleansed; filthy; unclean. <-- The
   great unwashed. people who are not wealthy. -->


   Un*wash"en (?), a. Not washed. [Archaic] "To eat with unwashen hands."
   Matt. xv. 20.


   Un*wayed" (?), a.

   1. Not used to travel; as, colts that are unwayed. [Obs.] Suckling.

   2. Having no ways or roads; pathless. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un*wea"ried  (?),  a.  Not  wearied;  not  fatigued  or  tired; hence,
   persistent;  not tiring or wearying; indefatigable. -- Un*wea"ried*ly,
   adv. -- Un*wea"ried*ness, n.


   Un*wea"ry  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + weary.] To cause to cease being
   weary; to refresh. [Obs.] Dryden.


   Un*weave"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + weave.] To unfold; to undo; to
   ravel, as what has been woven.


   Un*wedge"a*ble (?), a. Not to be split with wedges. [Obs.] Shak.


   Un*weet"ing  (?),  a.  [See Un- not, and Weet, Wit.] Unwitting. [Obs.]
   Chaucer. Spenser. -- Un*weet"ing*ly, adv. [Obs.] Milton.


   Un*weighed"  (?),  a.  Not weighed; not pondered or considered; as, an
   unweighed statement.


   Un*weigh"ing (?), a. Not weighing or pondering; inconsiderate. Shak.

                                Unweld, Unweldy

   Un*weld" (?), Un*weld"y (?), a. Unwieldy; unmanageable; clumsy. [Obs.]

     Our old limbs move [may] well be unweld. Chaucer.


   Un*well" (?), a.

   1. Not well; indisposed; not in good health; somewhat ill; ailing.

   2.  (Med.)  Specifically,  ill  from  menstruation;  affected with, or
   having, catamenial; menstruant.

     NOTE: &hand; This word was formerly regarded as an Americanism, but
     is now in common use among all who speak the English language.


   Un*well"ness, n. Quality or state of being unwell.


   Un*wemmed" (?), a. Not blemished; undefiled; pure. [Obs.] Wyclif.

     With body clean and with unwemmed thought. Chaucer.


   Un*whole"  (?),  a. [AS. unh\'bel. See Un- not, and Whole.] Not whole;
   unsound. [Obs.]


   Un*wield"y (?), a. Not easily wielded or carried; unmanageable; bulky;
   ponderous. "A fat, unwieldy body of fifty-eight years old." Clarendon.
   -- Un*wield"i*ly (#), adv. -- Un*wield"i*ness, n.


   Un*wild"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + wild.] To tame; to subdue. [Obs.
   & R.] Sylvester.


   Un*will"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + will.] To annul or reverse by an
   act of the will. Longfellow.


   Un*willed"  (?), a. [1st pref. un- + will.] Deprived of the faculty of
   will or volition. Mrs. Browning.


   Un*will"ing (?), a. Not willing; loath; disinclined; reluctant; as, an
   unwilling servant.

     And drop at last, but in unwilling ears, This saving counsel, "Keep
     your piece nine years." Pope.

   -- Un*will"ing*ly, adv. -- Un*will"ing*ness, n.


   Un*wind" (?), v. t. [AS. unwindan. See 1st Un-, and Wind to coil.]

   1.  To  wind  off;  to  loose  or  separate,  as what or convolved; to
   untwist; to untwine; as, to unwind thread; to unwind a ball of yarn.

   2. To disentangle. [Obs.] Hooker.


   Un*wind",  v.  i.  To  be  or  become  unwound; to be capable of being
   unwound or untwisted.


   Un*wis"dom  (?),  n.  Want of wisdom; unwise conduct or action; folly;
   simplicity; ignorance.

     Sumptuary  laws  are  among  the  exploded  fallacies which we have
     outgrown,  and  we  smile  at  the  unwisdom  which could except to
     regulate private habits and manners by statute. J. A. Froude.


   Un*wise"  (?),  a. [AS. unw\'c6s. See Un- not, and Wise, a.] Not wise;
   defective  in  wisdom; injudicious; indiscreet; foolish; as, an unwise
   man; unwise kings; unwise measures.


   Un*wise"ly, adv. [AS. unw\'c6slice.] In an unwise manner; foolishly.


   Un*wish"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref. un- + wish.] To wish not to be; to
   destroy by wishing. [Obs.]

     Now thou hast unwished five thousand men. Shak.


   Un*wist" (?), a.

   1. Not known; unknown. [Obs.] Chaucer. Spenser.

   2. Not knowing; unwitting. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un*wit"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + wit.] To deprive of wit. [Obs.]


   Un*wit",  n.  [Pref.  un-  not  +  wit.] Want of wit or understanding;
   ignorance. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un*witch"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + witch.] To free from a witch or
   witches; to fee from witchcraft. [R.] B. Jonson.


   Un*wit"ting   (?),   a.   Not   knowing;   unconscious;  ignorant.  --
   Un*wit"ting*ly, adv.


   Un*wom"an  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + woman.] To deprive of the
   qualities of a woman; to unsex. [R.] R. Browning.


   Un*won"der  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un- + wonder.] To divest of the
   quality of wonder or mystery; to interpret; to explain. [R.] Fuller.


   Un*wont"  (?),  a.  Unwonted;  unused;  unaccustomed. [Archaic] Sir W.


   Un*wont"ed (?), a.

   1.  Not  wonted;  unaccustomed; unused; not made familiar by practice;
   as, a child unwonted to strangers. Milton.

   2.   Uncommon;   unusual;  infrequent;  rare;  as,  unwonted  changes.
   "Unwonted  lights."  Byron. -- Un*wont"ed*ly, adv. -- Un*wont"ed*ness,


   Un*work"  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + work.] To undo or destroy, as
   work previously done.


   Un*world"ly  (?),  a.  Not  worldly;  spiritual;  holy.  Hawthorne. --
   Un*world"li*ness (#), n.


   Un*wormed"  (?),  a.  Not  wormed;  not having had the worm, or lytta,
   under the tongue cut out; -- said of a dog.


   Un*wor"ship  (?),  v.  t.  [1st  pref.  un-  + worship.] To deprive of
   worship or due honor; to dishonor. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Un*wor"ship, n. [Pref. un- not + worship.] Lack of worship or respect;
   dishonor. [Obs.] Gower.


   Un*worth" (?), a. [AS. unweor.] Unworthy. [Obs.] Milton.


   Un*worth", n. Unworthiness. [R.] Carlyle.


   Un*wor"thy  (?),  a.  Not  worthy;  wanting  merit, value, or fitness;
   undeserving; worthless; unbecoming; -- often with of. -- Un*wor"thi*ly
   (#), adv. -- Un*wor"thi*ness, n.


   Un*wrap"  (?),  v. t. [1st pref. un- + wrap.] To open or undo, as what
   is wrapped or folded. Chaucer.


   Un*wray" (?), v. t. See Unwrie. [Obs.]


   Un*wreathe"  (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + wreathe.] To untwist, uncoil,
   or untwine, as anything wreathed.


   Un*wrie"  (?),  v. t. [AS. onwre\'a2n; on- (see 1st Un-) + wre\'a2n to
   cover.] To uncover. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Un*wrin"kle  (?),  v.  t.  [1st pref. un- + wrinkle.] To reduce from a
   wrinkled state; to smooth.


   Un*write"  (?),  v.  t. [1st pref. un- + write.] To cancel, as what is
   written; to erase. Milton.


   Un*writ"ten (?), a.

   1.   Not   written;  not  reduced  to  writing;  oral;  as,  unwritten

   2. Containing no writing; blank; as, unwritten paper.
   Unwritten  doctrines (Theol.), such doctrines as have been handed down
   by  word  of  mouth;  oral or traditional doctrines. -- Unwritten law.
   [Cf.  L.  lex non scripta.] That part of the law of England and of the
   United States which is not derived from express legislative enactment,
   or  at  least from any enactment now extant and in force as such. This
   law  is  now generally contained in the reports of judicial decisions.
   See  Common  law,  under  Common. -- Unwritten laws, such laws as have
   been  handed  down  by tradition or in song. Such were the laws of the
   early nations of Europe.


   Un*wro"ken  (?), a. [See Un- not, and Wreak.] Not revenged; unavenged.
   [Obs.] Surrey.


   Un*yoke" (?), v. t. [1st pref. un- + yoke.]

   1.  To  loose or free from a yoke. "Like youthful steers unyoked, they
   take their courses." Shak.

   2. To part; to disjoin; to disconnect. Shak.


   Un*yoked" (?), a. [In sense 1 pref. un- not + yoked; in senses 2 and 3
   properly p. p. of unyoke.]

   1. Not yet yoked; not having worn the yoke.

   2. Freed or loosed from a yoke.

   3. Licentious; unrestrained. [R.] Shak.


   Un*yold"en  (?),  a. Not yielded. [Obs.] "[By] force . . . is he taken
   unyolden." Sir T. Browne.


   Un*zoned"  (?),  a. Not zoned; not bound with a girdle; as, an unzoned
   bosom. Prior.


   Up (?), adv. [AS. up, upp, ; akin to OFries. up, op, D. op, OS. , OHG.
   ,  G. auf, Icel. upp, Dan. op, Goth. iup, and probably to E. over. See

   1.  Aloft; on high; in a direction contrary to that of gravity; toward
   or in a higher place or position; above; -- the opposite of down.

     But up or down, By center or eccentric, hard to tell. Milton.

   2. Hence, in many derived uses, specifically: -- (a) From a lower to a
   higher  position,  literally  or figuratively; as, from a recumbent or
   sitting  position; from the mouth, toward the source, of a river; from
   a dependent or inferior condition; from concealment; from younger age;
   from  a  quiet  state,  or  the  like;  --  used  with verbs of motion
   expressed or implied.

     But they presumed to go up unto the hilltop. Num. xiv. 44.

     I am afflicted and ready to die from my youth up. Ps. lxxxviii. 15.

     Up rose the sun, and up rose Emelye. Chaucer.

     We  have  wrought  ourselves  up  into  this  degree  of  Christian
     indifference. Atterbury.

   (b)  In  a higher place or position, literally or figuratively; in the
   state  of  having  arisen; in an upright, or nearly upright, position;
   standing; mounted on a horse; in a condition of elevation, prominence,
   advance,  proficiency,  excitement, insurrection, or the like; -- used
   with  verbs  of rest, situation, condition, and the like; as, to be up
   on a hill; the lid of the box was up; prices are up.

     And when the sun was up, they were scorched. Matt. xiii. 6.

     Those that were up themselves kept others low. Spenser.

     Helen was up -- was she? Shak.

     Rebels there are up, And put the Englishmen unto the sword. Shak.

     His  name was up through all the adjoining provinces, even to Italy
     and  Rome;  many desiring to see who he was that could withstand so
     many years the Roman puissance. Milton.

     Thou hast fired me; my soul's up in arms. Dryden.

     Grief  and  passion  are  like  floods raised in little brooks by a
     sudden rain; they are quickly up. Dryden.

     A  general whisper ran among the country people, that Sir Roger was
     up. Addison.

     Let  us,  then,  be  up  and  doing,  With  a  heart  for any fate.

   (c)  To  or  in a position of equal advance or equality; not short of,
   back  of,  less  advanced  than,  away  from,  or the like; -- usually
   followed  by to or with; as, to be up to the chin in water; to come up
   with  one's  companions;  to  come  up  with  the enemy; to live up to

     As  a  boar  was  whetting  his  teeth,  up  comes  a  fox  to him.

   (d)  To or in a state of completion; completely; wholly; quite; as, in
   the  phrases  to  eat up; to drink up; to burn up; to sum up; etc.; to
   shut up the eyes or the mouth; to sew up a rent.

     NOTE: &hand; So me ph rases of  th is kind are now obsolete; as, to
     spend up (Prov. xxi. 20); to kill up (B. Jonson).

   (e)  Aside,  so as not to be in use; as, to lay up riches; put up your

     NOTE: &hand; Up  is  us ed elliptically for get up, rouse up, etc.,
     expressing  a  command  or  exhortation. "Up, and let us be going."
     Judg. xix. 28.

     Up,  up,  my  friend!  and  quit your books, Or surely you 'll grow
     double. Wordsworth.

   It  is  all  up  with him, it is all over with him; he is lost. -- The
   time  is up, the allotted time is past. -- To be up in, to be informed
   about;  to be versed in. "Anxious that their sons should be well up in
   the  superstitions of two thousand years ago." H. Spencer. -- To be up
   to. (a) To be equal to, or prepared for; as, he is up to the business,
   or the emergency. [Colloq.] (b) To be engaged in; to purpose, with the
   idea  of  doing  ill  or  mischief;  as, I don't know what he's up to.
   [Colloq.] -- To blow up. (a) To inflate; to distend. (b) To destroy by
   an explosion from beneath. (c) To explode; as, the boiler blew up. (d)
   To reprove angrily; to scold. [Slang] -- To bring up. See under Bring,
   v.  t.  --  To  come  up with. See under Come, v. i. -- To cut up. See
   under  Cut, v. t. & i. -- To draw up. See under Draw, v. t. -- To grow
   up,  to  grow  to maturity. -- Up anchor (Naut.), the order to man the
   windlass  preparatory  to  hauling  up the anchor. -- Up and down. (a)
   First  up,  and  then down; from one state or position to another. See
   under Down, adv.

     Fortune . . . led him up and down. Chaucer.

   (b)  (Naut.)  Vertical;  perpendicular;  -- said of the cable when the
   anchor  is  under,  or  nearly under, the hawse hole, and the cable is
   taut.  Totten.  -- Up helm (Naut.), the order given to move the tiller
   toward  the  upper, or windward, side of a vessel. -- Up to snuff. See
   under  Snuff.  [Slang]  --  What  is up? What is going on? [Slang] <--
   what's up? what's happening? -->


   Up, prep.

   1.  From  a  lower  to  a higher place on, upon, or along; at a higher
   situation upon; at the top of.

     In  going  up  a hill, the knees will be most weary; in going down,
     the thihgs. Bacon.

   2.  From  the  coast  towards  the interior of, as a country; from the
   mouth  towards  the  source  of,  as  a  stream; as, to journey up the
   country; to sail up the Hudson.

   3. Upon. [Obs.] "Up pain of death." Chaucer.


   Up,  n.  The  state  of  being  up  or  above;  a  state of elevation,
   prosperity,  or the like; -- rarely occurring except in the phrase ups
   and  downs. [Colloq.] Ups and downs, alternate states of elevation and
   depression, or of prosperity and the contrary. [Colloq.]

     They had their ups and downs of fortune. Thackeray.


   Up,  a.  Inclining up; tending or going up; upward; as, an up look; an
   up grade; the up train.


   U"pas (?), n. [Malay p; p a tree + poison.]

   1. (Bot.) A tree (Antiaris toxicaria) of the Breadfruit family, common
   in the forests of Java and the neighboring islands. Its secretions are
   poisonous,  and  it  has  been fabulously reported that the atmosphere
   about it is deleterious. Called also bohun upas.

   Page 1584

   2.  A  virulent  poison  used  in  Java  and  the adjacent islands for
   poisoning  arrows.  One  kind, upas antiar, is, derived from upas tree
   (Antiaris  toxicaria).  Upas  tieute is prepared from a climbing plant
   (Strychnos Tieute).


   Up*bar" (?), v. t.

   1. To fasten with a bar. [R.]

   2. To remove the bar or bards of, as a gate; to under. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Up*bear"  (?),  v.  t.  To  bear  up; to raise aloft; to support in an
   elevated situation; to sustain. Spenser.

     One short sigh of breath, upbore Even to the seat of God. Milton.

     A  monstrous  wave  upbore  The chief, and dashed him on the craggy
     shore. Pope.


   Up*bind" (?), v. t. To bind up. [R.] Collins.


   Up*blow", v. t. To inflate. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Up*blow",  v. i. To blow up; as, the wind upblows from the sea. [Obs.]


   Up*braid"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Upbraided;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Upbraiding.]  [OE.  upbreiden;  AS,  upp  up + bregdan to draw, twist,
   weave,  or  the  kindred  Icel.  breg&edh;a  to draw, brandish, braid,
   deviate from, change, break off, upbraid. See Up, and Braid, v. t.]

   1. To charge with something wrong or disgraceful; to reproach; to cast
   something  in  the  teeth of; -- followed by with or for, and formerly
   of, before the thing imputed.

     And upbraided them with their unbelief. Mark xvi. 14.

     Vet do not Upbraid us our distress. Shak.

   2. To reprove severely; to rebuke; to chide.

     Then  began  he  to  upbraid  the cities wherein most of his mighty
     works were done. Matt. xi. 20

     How much doth thy kindness upbraid my wickedness! Sir P. Sidney.

   3. To treat with contempt. [Obs.] Spenser.

   4.  To  object or urge as a matter of reproach; to cast up; -- with to
   before  the person. [Obs.] Bacon. Syn. -- To reproach; blame; censure;


   Up*braid", v. i. To utter upbraidings. Pope.


   Up*braid",  n.  The  act  of  reproaching;  contumely.  [Obs.]  " Foul
   upbraid." Spenser.


   Up*break" (?), v. i. To break upwards; to force away or passage to the


   Up"break`  (?),  n.  A  breaking upward or bursting forth; an upburst.
   Mrs. Browning.


   Up*breathe"  (?),  v.  r.  To  breathe  up  or  out; to exhale. [Obs.]


   Up*breed"  (?),  v.  t.  To  rear, or bring up; to nurse. "Upbred in a
   foreign country." Holinshed.


   Up*brought" (?), a. Brought up; educated. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Up*buoy"ance (?), n. The act of buoying up; uplifting. [R.] Coleridge.


   Up"burst`  (?),  n. The act of bursting upwards; a breaking through to
   the surface; an upbreak or uprush; as, an upburst of molten matter.


   Up"cast`  (?),  a.  Cast  up;  thrown  upward;  as,  with upcast eyes.


   Up"cast` (?), n.

   1. (Bowling) A cast; a throw. Shak.

   2.  (Mining.)  The  ventilating  shaft  of a mine out of which the air
   passes after having circulated through the mine; -- distinguished from
   the downcast. Called also upcast pit, and upcast shaft.

   3. An upset, as from a carriage. [Scot.]

   4. A taunt; a reproach. [Scot.] Sir W. Scott.


   Up*cast" (?), v. t.

   1. To cast or throw up; to turn upward. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. To taunt; to reproach; to upbraid. [Scot.]


   Up"caught` (?), a. Seized or caught up. " She bears upcaught a mariner
   away." Cowper.


   Up*cheer" (?), v. t. To cheer up. Spenser.


   Up*climb" (?), v. t. & i. To climb up; to ascend.

     Upclomb the shadowy pine above the woven copse. Tennyson.


   Up*coil"  (?),  v.  t.  & i. To coil up; to make into a coil, or to be
   made into a coil.


   Up"coun`try   (?),  adv.  In  an  upcountry  direction;  as,  to  live
   upcountry. [Colloq.]


   Up"coun`try,  a.  Living  or situated remote from the seacoast; as, an
   upcountry  residence.  [Colloq.]  --  n.  The interior of the country.


   Up*curl" (?), v. t. To curl up. [R.] Tennyson.


   Up*dive"   (?),   v.  i.  To  spring  upward;  to  rise.  [R.]  Davies


   Up*draw" (?), v. t. To draw up. [R.] Milton.


   Up*end" (?), v. t. To end up; to set on end, as a cask.


   U`pey*gan" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The borele.


   Up*fill" (?), v. t. To fill up. [Obs.]


   Up*flow" (?), v. i. To flow or stream up. Southey.


   Up*flung" (?), a. Flung or thrown up.


   Up*gath"er  (?),  v.  t.  To gather up; to contract; to draw together.

     Himself he close upgathered more and more. Spenser.


   Up*gaze" (?), v. i. To gaze upward. Byron.


   Up*give" (?), v. t. To give up or out. [Obs.]


   Up*grow" (?), v. i. To grow up. [R.] Milton.


   Up"growth`  (?),  n.  The  process  or result of growing up; progress;

     The new and mighty upgrowth of poetry in Italy. J. R. Green.


   Up"gush` (?), n. A gushing upward. Hawthorne.


   Up*gush" (?), v. i. To gush upward.


   Up*haf" (?), obs. imp. of Upheave. Chaucer.


   Up"hand`  (?), a. Lifted by the hand, or by both hands; as, the uphand
   sledge. [R.] Moxon.


   Up*hang" (?), v. t. To hang up. Spenser.


   Up*hasp"  (?), v. t. To hasp or faster up; to close; as, sleep uphasps
   the eyes. [R.] Stanyhurst.


   Up"heaped` (?), a. Piled up; accumulated.

     God, which shall repay all with upheaped measure. Udall.


   Up*heav"al  (?),  n.  The  act  of  upheaving,  or  the state of being
   upheaved;  esp.,  an  elevation  of  a  portion  of the earth's crust.


   Up*heave", v. t. To heave or lift up from beneath; to raise. Milton.


   Up*held" (?), imp. & p. p. of Uphold.


   Up"her  (?),  n.  (Arch.)  A  fir  pole  of  from four to seven inches
   diameter,  and twenty to forty feet long, sometimes roughly hewn, used
   for scaffoldings, and sometimes for slight and common roofs, for which
   use it is split. [Spelt also ufer.] [Eng.] Gwilt.


   Up*hill"  (?),  adv.  Upwards  on,  or  as on, a hillside; as, to walk


   Up"hill` (?), a.

   1. Ascending; going up; as, an uphill road.

   2. Attended with labor; difficult; as, uphill work.


   Up*hilt"  (?),  v. t. To thrust in up to the hilt; as, to uphilt one's
   sword into an enemy. [R.] Stanyhurst.


   Up*hoard" (?), v. t. To hoard up. [Obs.] Shak.


   Up*hold" (?), v. t.

   1. To hold up; to lift on high; to elevate.

     The  mournful  train  with  groans,  and hands upheld. Besought his
     pity. Dryden.

   2.  To  keep  erect;  to support; to sustain; to keep from falling; to

     Honor shall uphold the humble in spirit. Prov. xxix 3.

     Faulconbridge, In spite of spite, alone upholds the day. Shak.

   3.  To aid by approval or encouragement; to countenance; as, to uphold
   a person in wrongdoing.


   Up*hold"er (?), n. [Up + holder. Cf. Upholsterer.]

   1. A broker or auctioneer; a tradesman. [Obs.]

   2. An undertaker, or provider for funerals. [Obs.]

     The upholder, rueful harbinger of death. Gay.

   3. An upholsterer. [Obs.]

   4.  One  who,  or  that  which,  upholds;  a  supporter; a defender; a


   Up*hol"ster   (?),   v.  t.  [See  Upholsterer.]  To  furnish  (rooms,
   carriages,   bedsteads,   chairs,   etc.)  with  hangings,  coverings,
   cushions,  etc.;  to  adorn  with  furnishings in cloth, velvet, silk,
   etc.; as, to upholster a couch; to upholster a room with curtains.


   Up*hol"ster, n.

   1. A broker. [Obs.] Caxton.

   2. An upholsterer. [Obs.] Strype.


   Up*hol"ster*er  (?),  n.  [A  substitution for older upholder, in OE.,
   broker,  tradesman,  and  formerly also written upholster, upholdster.
   See  Upholder,  and  -ster.]  One  who  provides  hangings, coverings,
   cushions, curtains, and the like; one who upholsters. Upholsterer bee.
   (Zo\'94l.) See Poppy bee, under Poppy.


   Up*hol"ster*y  (?), n. The articles or goods supplied by upholsterers;
   the business or work of an upholsterer.


   U"phroe (?), n. (Naut.) Same as Euphroe.


   Up"land (?), n.

   1.  High  land;  ground elevated above the meadows and intervals which
   lie on the banks of rivers, near the sea, or between hills; land which
   is  generally  dry;  --  opposed  to  lowland,  meadow,  marsh, swamp,
   interval, and the like.

   2.  The  country,  as  distinguished  from  the neighborhood of towns.


   Up"land, a.

   1.  Of  or  pertaining to uplands; being on upland; high in situation;
   as, upland inhabitants; upland pasturage.

     Sometimes,  with  secure  delight  The  upland hamlets will invite.

   2.  Pertaining  to the country, as distinguished from the neighborhood
   of  towns;  rustic;  rude;  unpolished.  [Obs.]  "  The race of upland
   giants." Chapman.
   Upland  moccasin.  (Zo\'94l.)  See  Moccasin.  -- Upland sandpiper, OR
   Upland  plover  (Zo\'94l.),  a  large  American  sandpiper  (Bartramia
   longicauda)  much  valued  as  a game bird. Unlike most sandpipers, it
   frequents  fields  and  uplands.  Called  also  Bartramian  sandpiper,
   Bartram's  tattler,  field  plover,  grass  plover,  highland  plover,
   hillbird,  humility,  prairie  plover,  prairie pigeon, prairie snipe,
   papabote,  quaily,  and  uplander.  --  Upland  sumach (Bot.), a North
   American  shrub  of  the genus Rhus (Rhus glabra), used in tanning and


   Up"land*er (?), n.

   1. One dwelling in the upland; hence, a countryman; a rustic. [Obs.]

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The upland sandpiper. [Local, U. S.]


   Up*land"ish  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to uplands; dwelling on high
   lands. [Obs.] Chapman.

   2. Rude; rustic; unpolished; uncivilized. [Obs.]

     His  presence  made  the  rudest  peasant  melt,  That in the wild,
     uplandish country dwelt. Marlowe.


   Up*lay" (?), v. t. To hoard. [Obs.] Donne.


   Up*lead" (?), v. t. To lead upward. [Obs.]


   Up*lean" (?), v. i. To lean or incline upon anything. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Up*lift"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Uplifting.] To lift or raise aloft;
   to raise; to elevate; as, to uplift the arm; to uplift a rock. Cowper.

     Satan,  talking  to  his  nearest  mate, With head uplift above the
     wave, and eyes That sparkling blazed. Milton.


   Up"lift`  (?),  n.  (Geol.)  A  raising or upheaval of strata so as to
   disturb  their  regularity  and  uniformity,  and  to  occasion folds,
   dislocations, and the like.


   Up"-line`  (?),  n.  (Railroad)  A  line  or  track  leading  from the
   provinces  toward  the  metropolis  or a principal terminus; the track
   upon which up-trains run. See Up-train. [Eng.]


   Up*lock" (?), v. t. To lock up. [Obs.] Shak.


   Up*look" (?), v. i. To look or gaze up. [Obs.]


   Up"most`   (?),  a.  [Cf.  Uppermost.]  Highest;  topmost;  uppermost.
   Spenser. Dryden.


   U`po*ko*ro"ro  (?),  n.  [From  the  native Maori name.] (Zo\'94l.) An
   edible  fresh-water New Zealand fish (Prototroctes oxyrhynchus) of the
   family   Haplochitonid\'91.  In  general  appearance  and  habits,  it
   resembles  the  northern  lake  whitefishes  and  trout.  Called  also


   Up*on"  (?),  prep.[AS. uppan, uppon; upp up + on, an, on. See Up, and
   On.]  On;  --  used  in  all the senses of that word, with which it is
   interchangeable. "Upon an hill of flowers." Chaucer.

     Our host upon his stirrups stood anon. Chaucer.

     Thou shalt take of the blood that is upon the altar. Ex. xxix. 21.

     The Philistines be upon thee, Samson. Judg. xvi. 9.

     As I did stand my watch upon the hill. Shak.

     He  made  a  great  difference  between  people that did rebel upon
     wantonness, and them that did rebel upon want. Bacon.

     This advantage we lost upon the invention of firearms. Addison.

     Upon  the  whole,  it  will  be  necessary  to avoid that perpetual
     repetition of the same epithets which we find in Homer. Pope.

     He  had  abandoned  the  frontiers,  retiring upon Glasgow. Sir. W.

     Philip  swore upon the Evangelists to abstain from aggression in my
     absence. Landor.

     NOTE: &hand; Up on co nveys a  more distinct notion that on carries
     with  it  of  something  that  literally or metaphorically bears or
     supports. It is less employed than it used to be, on having for the
     most  part  taken its place. Some expressions formed with it belong
     only  to old style; as, upon pity they were taken away; that is, in
     consequence  of  pity:  upon  the rate of thirty thousand; that is,
     amounting  to  the rate: to die upon the hand; that is, by means of
     the hand: he had a garment upon; that is, upon himself: the time is
     coming  fast  upon; that is, upon the present time. By the omission
     of its object, upon acquires an adverbial sense, as in the last two

   To  assure  upon (Law), to promise; to undertake. -- To come upon. See
   under Come. -- To take upon, to assume.


   Up*pent` (?), a. A Pent up; confined. [Obs.]


   Up"per   (?),  a.;  comp.  of  Up.  Being  further  up,  literally  or
   figuratively;  higher  in place, position, rank, dignity, or the like;
   superior;  as,  the  upper  lip;  the upper side of a thing; the upper
   house   of  a  legislature.  The  upper  hand,  the  superiority;  the
   advantage.  See  To have the upper hand, under Hand. Jowett (Thucyd.).
   --  Upper  Bench (Eng. Hist.), the name of the highest court of common
   law  (formerly  King's  Bench) during the Commonwealth. -- Upper case,
   the  top  one  of a pair of compositor's cases. See the Note under 1st
   Case,  n.,  3. -- Upper covert (Zo\'94l.), one of the coverts situated
   above the bases of the tail quills. -- Upper deck (Naut.), the topmost
   deck  of  any vessel; the spar deck. -- Upper leather, the leather for
   the  vamps  and quarters of shoes. -- Upper strake (Naut.), the strake
   next  to  the  deck,  usually of hard wood, and heavier than the other
   strakes.  --  Upper  ten thousand, OR (abbreviated) Upper ten, the ten
   thousand,  more  or  less,  who are highest in position or wealth; the
   upper  class; the aristocracy. [Colloq.] -- Upper topsail (Naut.), the
   upper  half  of  a  double  topsail. -- Upper works (Naut.), all those
   parts  of the hull of a vessel that are properly above water. -- Upper
   world.  (a)  The atmosphere. (b) Heaven. (c) This world; the earth; --
   in distinction from the underworld.


   Up"per, n. The upper leather for a shoe; a vamp.


   Up"per*most`  (?),  a.  [From  Up,  Upper;  formed like aftermost. Cf.
   Upmost.] Highest in place, position, rank, power, or the like; upmost;

     Whatever faction happens to be uppermost. Swift.


   Up`per*ten"dom  (?),  n.  [Upper  ten  +  -dom.]  The highest class in
   society; the upper ten. See Upper ten, under Upper. [Colloq.]


   Up*pile" (?), v. t. To pile, or heap, up. Southey.


   Up"pish  (?), a. [From Up.] Proud; arrogant; assuming; putting on airs
   of  superiority.  [Colloq.] T. Brown. -- Up"pish*ly, adv. [Colloq.] --
   Up"pish*ness, n. [Colloq.]


   Up*plight" (?), obs. imp. & p. p. of Uppluck.


   Up*pluck" (?), v. t. To pull or pluck up. [Obs.]


   Up*pricked" (?), a. Upraised; erect; -- said of the ears of an animal.


   Up*prop" (?), v. t. To prop up. Donne.


   Up*raise" (?), v. t. To raise; to lift up.


   Up*rear" (?), v. t. To raise; to erect. Byron.


   Up*ridged"  (?),  a.  Raised  up  in  a  ridge or ridges; as, a billow
   upridged. Cowper.


   Up"right` (?), a. [AS. upright, uppriht. See Up, and Right, a.]

   1. In an erect position or posture; perpendicular; vertical, or nearly
   vertical; pointing upward; as, an upright tree.

     With chattering teeth, and bristling hair upright. Dryden.

     All have their ears upright. Spenser.

   2. Morally erect; having rectitude; honest; just; as, a man upright in
   all his ways.

     And that man [Job] was perfect and upright. Job i. 1.

   3. Conformable to moral rectitude.

     Conscience rewards upright conduct with pleasure. J. M. Mason.

   4.  Stretched  out  face  upward;  flat  on  the back. [Obs.] " He lay
   upright." Chaucer.
   Upright drill (Mach.), a drilling machine having the spindle vertical.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd and its derivatives are usually pronounced
     in  prose  with  the  accent  on  the  first syllable. But they are
     frequently  pronounced with the accent on the second in poetry, and
     the accent on either syllable is admissible.


   Up"right`,  n.  Something  standing upright, as a piece of timber in a
   building. See Illust. of Frame.


   Up*right"eous*ly  (?),  adv.  [See  Righteous.]  In an upright or just
   manner. [Obs.] Shak.

   Page 1585


   Up"right`ly (?), adv. In an upright manner.


   Up"right`ness (?), n. the quality or state of being upright.


   Up*rise" (?), v. i.

   1.  To  rise; to get up; to appear from below the horizon. "Uprose the
   sun." Cowley.

     Uprose the virgin with the morning light. Pope.

   2. To have an upward direction or inclination.

     Uprose the mystic mountain range. Tennyson.


   Up*rise",  n. The act of rising; appearance above the horizon; rising.

     Did ever raven sing so like a lark, That gives sweet tidings of the
     sun's uprise? Shak.


   Up*ris"ing, n.

   1.  Act of rising; also, a steep place; an ascent. "The steep uprising
   of the hill." Shak.

   2. An insurrection; a popular revolt. J. P. Peters.


   Up*rist" (?), n. Uprising. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Up*rist", obs. imp. of Uprise. Uprose. Chaucer.

     Nor  dim  nor  red,  like  God's  own head The glorious sun uprist.


   Up"roar  (?),  n.  [D.  oproer; akin to G. aufruhr, Dan. opr\'94r, Sw.
   uppror;  D.  op  up  +  roeren  to  stir;  akin  to AS. hr to stir, hr
   stirring,  active,  G. r\'81hren to stir, OHG. ruoren, Icel. hr\'91ra,
   Dan. r\'94re, Sw. r\'94ra. Cf. Rearmouse.]

     NOTE: [In verse, sometimes accented on the second syllable.]

   Great  tumult;  violent disturbance and noise; noisy confusion; bustle
   and clamor.

     But  the  Jews  which  believed  not,  . . . set all the city on an
     uproar. Acts xvii. 5.


   Up*roar"  (?), v. t. To throw into uproar or confusion. [Obs.] "Uproar
   the universal peace." Shak.


   Up*roar", v. i. To make an uproar. [R.] Carlyle.


   Up*roar"i*ous  (?), a. Making, or accompanied by, uproar, or noise and
   tumult;   as,  uproarious  merriment.  --  Up*roar"i*ous*ly,  adv.  --
   Up*roar"i*ous*ness, n.


   Up*roll" (?), v. t. To roll up. Milton.


   Up*root"  (?),  v. t. To root up; to tear up by the roots, or as if by
   the roots; to remove utterly; to eradicate; to extirpate.

     Trees uprooted left their place. Dryden.

     At his command the uprooted hills retired. Milton.


   Up*rouse"  (?),  v.  t. To rouse up; to rouse from sleep; to awake; to
   arouse. Shak.


   Up*run" (?), v. i. To run up; to ascend.

     The young sun That in the Ram is four degrees uprun. Chaucer.

     [A  son]  of  matchless might, who, like a thriving plant, Upran to
     manhood. Cowper.


   Up*rush" (?), v. i. To rush upward. Southey.


   Up"rush`  (?), n. Act of rushing upward; an upbreak or upburst; as, an
   uprush of lava. R. A. Proctor.


   Up`sar*o"kas (?), n. pl. (Ethnol.) See Crows.


   Up*seek" (?), v. i. To seek or strain upward. "Upseeking eyes suffused
   with . . . tears." Southey.


   Up*send" (?), v. t. To send, cast, or throw up.

     As  when  some island situate afar . . . Upsends a smoke to heaven.


   Up*set" (?), v. t.

   1.  To set up; to put upright. [Obs.] "With sail on mast upset." R. of

   2. (a) To thicken and shorten, as a heated piece of iron, by hammering
   on  the  end.  (b)  To  shorten  (a tire) in the process of resetting,
   originally by cutting it and hammering on the ends.

   3.  To  overturn,  overthrow,  or overset; as, to upset a carriage; to
   upset  an  argument. "Determined somehow to upset the situation." Mrs.
   Humphry Ward.

   4.  To  disturb  the self-possession of; to disorder the nerves of; to
   make ill; as, the fright upset her. [Colloq.]


   Up*set", v. i. To become upset.


   Up"set`  (?), a. Set up; fixed; determined; -- used chiefly or only in
   the  phrase  upset price; that is, the price fixed upon as the minimum
   for property offered in a public sale, or, in an auction, the price at
   which  property is set up or started by the auctioneer, and the lowest
   price at which it will be sold.

     After  a  solemn pause, Mr. Glossin offered the upset price for the
     lands and barony of Ellangowan. Sir W. Scott.


   Up"set`,  n.  The  act  of  upsetting, or the state of being upset; an
   overturn; as, the wagon had an upset.


   Up*set"ting  (?),  a.  Conceited;  assuming;  as, an upsetting fellow.
   [Scot.] Jamieson.


   Up*shoot"  (?),  v.  i.  To  shoot  upward.  "Trees  upshooting high."


   Up"shot`  (?), n. [Up + shot, equivalent to scot share, reckoning. Cf.
   the  phrase  to  cast up an account.] Final issue; conclusion; the sum
   and substance; the end; the result; the consummation.

     I can not pursue with any safety this sport to the upshot. Shak.

     We account it frailty that threescore years and ten make the upshot
     of man's pleasurable existence. De Quincey.


   Up"side`  (?),  n.  The  upper side; the part that is uppermost. To be
   upsides  with,  to be even with. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Sir W. Scott. T.
   Hughes.  --  Upside  down.  [Perhaps  a  corruption of OE. up so down,
   literally,  up  as  down.]  With  the  upper part undermost; hence, in
   confusion; in complete disorder; topsy-turvy. Shak.

     These  that have turned the world upside down are come hither also.
     Acts xvii. 6.


   Up"si*down` (?), adv. See Upsodown. [Obs. or Colloq.] Spenser.


   Up"sit`ting  (?), n. A sitting up of a woman after her confinement, to
   receive and entertain her friends. [Obs.]

     To invite your lady's upsitting. Beau. & Fl.


   Up*skip` (?), n. An upstart. [Obs.] Latimer.


   Up*snatch" (?), v. t. To snatch up. [R.]


   Up*soar" (?), v. i. To soar or mount up. Pope.


   Up"so*down`  (?),  adv.  [Up  +  so  as + down.] Upside down. [Obs. or
   Colloq.] Wyclif.

     In  man's  sin  is every manner order or ordinance turned upsodown.


   Up*spear"  (?), v. i. To grow or shoot up like a spear; as, upspearing
   grass. [R.] Cowper.


   Up*spring" (?), v. i. To spring up. Tennyson.


   Up"spring` (?), n.

   1. An upstart. [Obs.] "The swaggering upspring." Shak.

   2. A spring or leap into the air. [R.] Chapman.


   Up"spurn`er  (?),  n.  A  spurner or contemner; a despiser; a scoffer.
   [Obs.] Joye.


   Up*stairs" (?), adv. Up the stairs; in or toward an upper story.


   Up"stairs` (?), a. Being above stairs; as, an upstairs room.


   Up*stand"  (?),  v.  i.  To stand up; to be erected; to rise. Spenser.

     At once upstood the monarch, and upstood The wise Ulysses. Cowper.


   Up*stare"  (?),  v. i. To stare or stand upward; hence, to be uplifted
   or conspicuous. "Rearing fiercely their upstaring crests." Spenser.


   Up*start"  (?),  v.  i.  To  start  or  spring  up  suddenly. Spenser.


   Up"start` (?), n.

   1.  One  who has risen suddenly, as from low life to wealth, power, or
   honor; a parvenu. Bacon.

   2. (Bot.) The meadow saffron. Dr. Prior.


   Up"start`, a. Suddenly raised to prominence or consequence. "A race of
   upstart creatures." Milton.


   Up*stay"  (?),  v.  t. To sustain; to support. [Obs.] "His massy spear
   upstayed." Milton.


   Up*stert"e (?), obs. imp. & p. p. of Upstart.


   Up"stir`  (?),  n. Insurrection; commotion; disturbance. [Obs.] Sir J.


   Up*stream"  (?),  adv. Toward the higher part of a stream; against the


   Up*street"  (?),  adv. Toward the higher part of a street; as, to walk
   upstreet. G. W. Gable.


   Up"stroke`  (?),  n. An upward stroke, especially the stroke, or line,
   made  by  a writing instrument when moving upward, or from the body of
   the writer, or a line corresponding to the part of a letter thus made.

     Some upstroke of an Alpha and Omega. Mrs. Browning.


   Up"sun`  (?),  n.  (Scots Law) The time during which the sun is up, or
   above the horizon; the time between sunrise and sunset.


   Up*swarm"  (?),  v.  i.  & i. To rise, or cause to rise, in a swarm or
   swarms. [R.] Shak. Cowper.


   Up*sway" (?), v. t. To sway or swing aloft; as, to upsway a club. [R.]
   Sir W. Scott.


   Up*swell" (?), v. i. To swell or rise up.


   Up"sy*tur"vy   (?),   adv.   [Cf.   Upside  down,  under  Upside,  and
   Topsy-turvy.] Upside down; topsy-turvy. [Obs.] Robert Greene.

                                  Uptails all

   Up"tails` all" (?).

   1. An old game at cards. [Obs.]

   2. Revelers; roysterers. [Obs.] Decker.

   3. Revelry; confusion; frolic. [Obs.] Herrick.


   Up*take" (?), v. t. To take into the hand; to take up; to help. [Obs.]
   Wyclif. Spenser.


   Up"take` (?), n. (Steam Boilers)

   1. The pipe leading upward from the smoke box of a steam boiler to the
   chimney, or smokestack; a flue leading upward.

   2. Understanding; apprehension. [Scot.] Sir W. Scott.


   Up*tear" (?), v. t. To tear up. Milton.


   Up*throw" (?), v. t. To throw up. Drayton.


   Up"throw` (?), n. (Mining) See Throw, n., 9.


   Up*thun"der  (?),  v.  i.  To  send  up  a  noise  like  thunder. [R.]


   Up*tie" (?), v. t. To tie up. Spenser.


   Up*till" (?), prep. To; against. [Obs. & R.]

     She,  poor  bird, as all forlorn, Leaned her breast uptill a thorn.


   Up*town"  (?),  adv.  To  or  in  the  upper part of a town; as, to go
   uptown. [Colloq. U. S.]


   Up"town`  (?),  a.  Situated  in, or belonging to, the upper part of a
   town  or  city;  as,  a  uptown  street,  shop,  etc.; uptown society.
   [Colloq. U. S.]


   Up*trace" (?), v. t. To trace up or out.


   Up*train"  (?), v. t. To train up; to educate. [Obs.] "Daughters which
   were well uptrained." Spenser.


   Up"-train` (?).

   1.  A  train  going  in  the  direction  of the metropolis or the main
   terminus. [Eng.]

   2. A train going in the direction conventionally called up. [U.S.]


   Up*turn"  (?), v. t. To turn up; to direct upward; to throw up; as, to
   upturn the ground in plowing. "A sea of upturned faces." D. Webster.

     So scented the grim feature, and upturned His nostril wide into the
     murky air. Milton.


   U"pu*pa  (?;  277),  n.  [L., the hoopoe.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of birds
   which includes the common hoopoe.


   Up*waft" (?), v. t. To waft upward. Cowper.

                                Upward, Upwards

   Up"ward (?), Up"wards (?), adv. [AS. upweardes. See Up-, and -wards.]

   1.  In  a  direction from lower to higher; toward a higher place; in a
   course  toward  the  source  or origin; -- opposed to downward; as, to
   tend or roll upward. I. Watts.

     Looking  inward, we are stricken dumb; looking upward, we speak and
     prevail. Hooker.

   2. In the upper parts; above.

     Dagon  his  name,  sea  monster,  upward  man,  And down ward fish.

   3. Yet more; indefinitely more; above; over.

     From twenty years old and upward. Num. i. 3.

   Upward of, OR Upwards of, more than; above.

     I  have  been  your  wife in this obedience Upward of twenty years.


   Up"ward, a. [AS. upweard. See Up, and -ward.] Directed toward a higher
   place; as, with upward eye; with upward course.


   Up"ward, n. The upper part; the top. [Obs.]

     From the extremest upward of thy head. Shak.


   Up*whirl"  (?),  v. t. & i. To rise upward in a whirl; to raise upward
   with a whirling motion.


   Up*wind" (?), v. t. To wind up. Spenser.


   Up*wreath"  (?),  v. i. To rise with a curling motion; to curl upward,
   as smoke. Longfellow.


   Up*yat" (?), obs. imp. of Upgive. Chaucer.

                                    Ur, Ure

   Ur (?), Ure, n. (Zo\'94l.) The urus.


   U"ra*chus  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Anat.) A cord or band of fibrous
   tissue extending from the bladder to the umbilicus.


   U*r\'91"mi*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Accumulation in the blood of
   the principles of the urine, producing dangerous disease.


   U*r\'91"mic  (?),  a.  (Med.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  ur\'91mia;  as,
   ur\'91mic convulsions.


   U*r\'91"um  (?),  n.  [NL.,  from  Gr.  uraeus,  adj.]  (Zo\'94l.) The
   posterior half of an animal.


   U"ral  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to, or designating, the Urals, a mountain
   range between Europe and Asia.


   U"ral-Al*ta"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Urals and the Altai; as
   the Ural-Altaic, or Turanian, languages.


   U"ra*li (?), n. [See Wourali.] See Curare.

                                Uralian, Uralic

   U*ra"li*an (?), U*ral"ic (?), a. Of or relating to the Ural Mountains.


   U"ral*ite  (?),  n.  [So  called  because  first  observed in the Ural
   Mountains.]   (Min.)  Amphibole  resulting  from  the  alternation  of
   pyroxene  by  paramorphism.  It  is  not  uncommon in massive eruptive


   U`ral*i`ti*za"tion (?), n. (Geol.) The change of pyroxene to amphibole
   by paramorphism.


   U*ram"il (?), n. (Chem.) Murexan.


   U"ra*nate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of uranic acid.


   U*ra"ni*a (?), n. [L., from Gr.

   1.  (Class.  Myth.)  One  of  the  nine  Muses,  daughter  of  Zeus by
   Mnemosyne, and patron of astronomy.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus of large, brilliantly colored moths native of
   the  West  Indies  and  South America. Their bright colored and tailed
   hind  wings  and  their  diurnal flight cause them to closely resemble


   U*ra"ni*an  (?),  a.  (Astron.) Of or pertaining to the planet Uranus;
   as, the Uranian year.


   U*ran"ic (?), a.

   1. Of or pertaining to the heavens; celestial; astronomical.

     On I know not what telluric or uranic principles. Carlyle.

   2.   (Chem.)   Pertaining   to,  resembling,  or  containing  uranium;
   specifically,  designating  those  compounds  in  which  uranium has a
   valence relatively higher than in uranous compounds.


   U"ra*nin  (?), n. (Chem.) An alkaline salt of fluorescein, obtained as
   a  brownish  red  substance, which is used as a dye; -- so called from
   the  peculiar yellowish green fluorescence (resembling that of uranium
   glass) of its solutions. See Fluorescein.


   U*ran"i*nite  (?),  n.  (Min.) A mineral consisting chiefly of uranium
   oxide  with  some lead, thorium, etc., occurring in black octahedrons,
   also in masses with a pitchlike luster; pitchblende.


   U`ra*nis"co*plas`ty  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -plasty.]  (Surg.) The process of
   forming an artificial palate.

                        Uraniscoraphy, Uraniscorrhaphy

   U`ra*nis*cor"a*phy,  U`ra*nis*cor"rha*phy  (?), n. [Gr. (Surg.) Suture
   of the palate. See Staphyloraphy.


   U"ra*nite  (?),  n. [Cf. G. uranit, F. uranite.] (Min.) A general term
   for the uranium phosphates, autunite, or lime uranite, and torbernite,
   or copper uranite.


   U`ra*nit"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.) Of or pertaining to uranium; containing


   U*ra"ni*um  (?), n. [NL., from Uranus the planet. See Uranus.] (Chem.)
   An  element  of the chromium group, found in certain rare minerals, as
   pitchblende, uranite, etc., and reduced as a heavy, hard, nickel-white
   metal  which is quite permanent. Its yellow oxide is used to impart to
   glass a delicate greenish-yellow tint which is accompanied by a strong
   fluorescence,  and  its  black oxide is used as a pigment in porcelain
   painting.  Symbol  U.  Atomic  weight  239.  \'3c--radioactive,  U-235
   isotope is used in atomic fission, in bombs or power plants --\'3e

     NOTE: &hand; Ur anium wa s di scovered in  the state of an oxide by
     Klaproth  in 1789, and so named in honor of Herschel's discovery of
     the planet Uranus in 1781.

                            Uran-ocher, Uran-ochre

   U"ran-o`cher,  U"ran-o`chre  (?),  n. [Cf. F. uranochre.] (Min.) (a) A
   yellow,  earthy  incrustation,  consisting essentially of the oxide of
   uranium,  but  more  or  less impure. <-- #sic. No (b) appeared in the
   original. -->

                         Uranographic, Uranographical

   U`ra*no*graph"ic  (?), U`ra*no*graph"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to
   uranography; as, an uranographic treatise.


   U`ra*nog"ra*phist (?), n. One practiced in uranography.


   U`ra*nog"ra*phy  (?), n. [Gr. A description or plan of the heavens and
   the heavenly bodies; the construction of celestial maps, globes, etc.;


   U*ran"o*lite  (?),  n. [Gr. -lite.] A meteorite or a\'89rolite. [Obs.]


   U`ra*nol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -logy.]  A discourse or treatise on the
   heavens   and   the   heavenly  bodies;  the  study  of  the  heavens;


   U`ra*nom`e*tri"a (?), n. [NL.] A uranometry.


   U`ra*nom"e*try (?), n. [Gr. -metry.] (Astron.) A chart or catalogue of
   fixed stars, especially of stars visible to the naked eye.


   U"ra*no*plas`ty  (?),  n.  [See  Uraniscoplasty.]  (Surg.) The plastic
   operation for closing a fissure in the hard palate.


   U`ra*nos"co*py  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -scopy.] Observation of the heavens or
   heavenly bodies.


   U`ra*no"so-  (,  a.  (Chem.)  A combining form (also used adjectively)
   from  uranium;  --  used  in  naming  certain complex compounds; as in
   uranoso-uranic oxide, uranoso-uranic sulphate.

   Page 1586


   U"ra*nous  (&umac;"r&adot;*n&ucr;s),  a.  (Chem.)  Pertaining  to,  or
   containing,  uranium; designating those compounds in which uranium has
   a lower valence as contrasted with the uranic compounds.


   U"ra*nus  (-n&ucr;s),  n.  [L. Uranus, Gr. O'yrano`s Uranus, o'yrano`s
   heaven, sky. Cf. Uranium.]

   1.  (Gr.  Myth.)  The  son  or  husband of Gaia (Earth), and father of
   Chronos (Time) and the Titans.

   2.  (Astron.)  One  of  the primary planets. It is about 1,800,000,000
   miles  from the sun, about 36,000 miles in diameter, and its period of
   revolution round the sun is nearly 84 of our years.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is pl anet ha s also been called Herschel, from Sir
     William  Herschel,  who  discovered  it  in  1781, and who named it
     Georgium Sidus, in honor of George III., then King of England.


   U*ran"-u*tan` (?), (Zo\'94l.) The orang-utang


   U"ra*nyl   (?),   n.   [Uranium  +  -yl.]  (Chem.)  The  radical  UO2,
   conveniently regarded as a residue of many uranium compounds.


   U*ra"o (?), n. [Sp.] (Min.) See Trona.

                                 Urare, Urari

   U*ra"re (?), U*ra"ri, n. See Curare.


   U"rate  (?),  n. [Cf. F. urate.] (Physiol. Chem.) A salt of uric acid;
   as, sodium urate; ammonium urate.


   U*rat"ic  (?),  (Physiol.  Chem.)  Of or containing urates; as, uratic


   Ur"ban  (?),  a. [L. urbanus belonging to the urbs, urbis, a city: cf.
   F. urbain. Cf. Urbane.]

   1. Of or belonging to a city or town; as, an urban population.

   2.  Belonging  to,  or  suiting,  those  living in a city; cultivated;
   polite; urbane; as, urban manners.
   Urban servitude. See Predial servitude, under Servitude.


   Ur*bane"  (?),  a. [See Urban.] Courteous in manners; polite; refined;


   Ur"ban*iste  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  large  and delicious pear or Flemish


   Ur*ban"i*ty (?), n. [L. urbanitas; cf. F. urbanit\'82.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being urbane; civility or courtesy of
   manners; politeness; refinement.

     The  marquis  did  the honors of his house with the urbanity of his
     country. W. Irving.

   2. Polite wit; facetiousness. [Obs.] Dryden.

     Raillery in the sauce of civil entertainment; and without some such
     tincture of urbanity, good humor falters. L'Estrange.

   Syn. -- Politeness; suavity; affability; courtesy.


   Ur"ban*ize  (?),  v.  t.  To  render  urban,  or urbane; to refine; to
   polish. Howell.


   Ur*bic"o*l\'91  (?),  n. pl. [NL., fr. L. urbs, urbis, a city + colere
   to  inhabit.] (Zo\'94l.) An extensive family of butterflies, including
   those known as skippers (Hesperiad\'91).


   Ur*bic"o*lous (?), a. Of or pertaining to a city; urban. [R.]


   Ur"ce*o*lar (?), a. Urceolate.


   Ur"ce*late  (?),  a.  [L.  urceolus,  dim.  of  urceus  a  pitcher  or
   waterpot.]  (Nat. Hist.) Shaped like a pitcher or urn; swelling below,
   and contrasted at the orifice, as a calyx or corolla.


   Ur"ce*ole  (?), n. [See Urceolate.] (R. C. Ch.) A vessel for water for
   washing the hands; also, one to hold wine or water.


   Ur*ce"o*lus  (?),  n.; pl. Urceoli (#). [L., a little pitcher.] (Bot.)
   Any urn-shaped organ of a plant.


   Ur"chin  (?),  n.  [OE.  urchon,  irchon, a hedgehog, OF. ire&cced;on,
   eri&cced;on,  heri,  herichon,  F.  h\'82risson,  a  derivative fr. L.
   ericius, from er a hedgehog, for her; akin to Gr. Herisson.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) A hedgehog.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A sea urchin. See Sea urchin.

   3.  A  mischievous elf supposed sometimes to take the form a hedgehog.
   "We 'll dress [them] like urchins, ouphes, and fairies." Shak.

   4. A pert or roguish child; -- now commonly used only of a boy.

     And  the  urchins  that  stand  with their thievish eyes Forever on
     watch ran off each with a prize. W. Howitt.

     You did indeed dissemble, you urchin you; but where's the girl that
     won't dissemble for an husband? Goldsmith.

   5.  One of a pair in a series of small card cylinders, arranged around
   a  carding  drum;  --  so  called  from its fancied resemblance to the
   hedgehog. Knight.
   Urchin fish (Zo\'94l.), a diodon.


   Ur"chin,  a.  Rough;  pricking;  piercing.  [R.]  "Helping  all urchin
   blasts." Milton.


   Ur"chon (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The urchin, or hedgehog.


   Ur"du  (?),  n.  [Hind. urd&umac;.] The language more generally called


   Ure  (?),  n.  [OE. ure, OF. oevre, ovre, ouvre, work, F. &oe;uvre, L.
   opera.  See  Opera,  Operate,  and  cf. Inure, Manure.] Use; practice;
   exercise. [Obs.] Fuller.

     Let  us  be  sure  of this, to put the best in ure That lies in us.


   Ure,  v.  t.  To  use; to exercise; to inure; to accustom by practice.

     The  French soldiers . . . from their youth have been practiced and
     ured in feats of arms. Sir T. More.


   U"re*a  (?),  a.  [NL.  See  Urine.]  (Physiol.  Chem.) A very soluble
   crystalline  body  which  is  the  chief  constituent  of the urine in
   mammals  and  some other animals. It is also present in small quantity
   in blood, serous fluids, lymph, the liver, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; It is the main product of the regressive metamorphosis
     (katabolism)  of  proteid matter in the body, and is excreted daily
     to  the  amount  of  about  500  grains by a man of average weight.
     Chemically  it  is carbamide, CO(NH2)2, and when heated with strong
     acids  or alkalies is decomposed into carbonic acid and ammonia. It
     unites  with acids to form salts, as nitrate of urea, and it can be
     made   synthetically  from  ammonium  cyanate,  with  which  it  is

   Urea  ferment,  a  soluble  ferment formed by certain bacteria, which,
   however,  yield  the  ferment  from the body of their cells only after
   they  have been killed by alcohol. It causes urea to take up water and
   decompose  into  carbonic  acid  and  ammonia. Many different bacteria
   possess  this  property,  especially Bacterium ure\'91 and Micrococcus
   ure\'91,  which  are  found  abundantly  in urines undergoing alkaline
   fermentation.<-- = urease -->


   U"re*al  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to urea; containing, or consisting
   of, urea; as, ureal deposits.


   U`re*am"e*ter  (?),  n. [Urea + -meter.] (Physiol. Chem.) An apparatus
   for  the  determination  of  the amount of urea in urine, in which the
   nitrogen  evolved by the action of certain reagents, on a given volume
   of   urine,  is  collected  and  measured,  and  the  urea  calculated


   U`re*chi"tin  (?), n. (Chem.) A glucoside extracted from the leaves of
   a  certain  plant  (Urechitis suberecta) as a bitter white crystalline


   U`re*chi*tox"in (?), n. [Urechitin + toxic + -in.] (Chem.) A poisonous
   glucoside  found  accompanying  urechitin,  and  extracted as a bitter
   white crystalline substance.


   U*re"do  (?),  n.  [L.,  a blast, blight, a burning itch, fr. urere to
   burn, to scorch.]

   1.  (Bot.)  One  of  the  stages  in the life history of certain rusts
   (Uredinales), regarded at one time as a distinct genus. It is a summer
   stage  preceding the teleutospore, or winter stage. See Uredinales, in
   the Supplement.

   2. (Med.) Nettle rash. See Urticaria.


   U*re"do*spore  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  The thin-walled summer spore which is
   produced  during  the  so-called Uredo stage of certain rusts. See (in
   the Supplement) Uredinales, Heter&oe;cious, etc.


   U"re*ide  (?),  n.  (Chem.) Any one of the many complex derivatives of
   urea; thus, hydantoin, and, in an extended dense, guanidine, caffeine,
   et., are ureides. [Written also ureid.]


   -u*ret (?). A suffix with the same meaning as -ide. See -ide. [Obs.]


   U*re"ter  (?;  277),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. Urine.] (Anat.) The duct which
   conveys  the urine from the kidney to the bladder or cloaca. There are
   two ureters, one for each kidney.


   U*re`ter*i"tis   (?),   n.   [NL.   See  Ureter,  and  -itis.]  (Med.)
   Inflammation of the ureter. Dunglison.


   U*reth"ane   (?),   n.   (Chem.)   A   white   crystalline  substance,
   NH2.CO.OC2H5, produced by the action of ammonia on ethyl carbonate. It
   is  used  somewhat in medicine as a hypnotic. By extension, any one of
   the series of related substances of which urethane proper is the type.


   U*re"thra  (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. Urine.] (Anat.) The canal by which the
   urine is conducted from the bladder and discharged.


   U*re"thral  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to the urethra. Urethral fever
   (Med.),  fever  occurring  as  a  consequence  of  operations upon the


   U`re*thri"tis   (?),   n.   [NL.   See  Urethra,  and  -itis.]  (Med.)
   Inflammation of the urethra.


   U*re"thro*plas`ty  (?),  n.  [Urethra + -plasty.] (Surg.) An operation
   for  the  repair of an injury or a defect in the walls of the urethra.
   -- U*re`thro*plas"tic (#), a.


   U*re"thro*scope  (?),  n. [Urethra + -scope.] (Med.) An instrument for
   viewing the interior of the urethra.


   U`re*thros"co*py (?), n. (Med.) Examination of the urethra by means of
   the urethroscope.


   U*re"thro*tome  (?),  n.  [Urethra  +  Gr. An instrument for cutting a
   urethral stricture.


   U`re*throt"o*my  (?),  n.  [Urethra  +  Gr. (Surg.) An incision of the
   urethra, esp. incision for relief of urethral stricture.


   U*ret"ic  (?), a. [L. ureticus, Gr. Urine.] (Med.) Of or pertaining to
   the urine; diuretic; urinary; as, uretic medicine.


   Urge  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Urged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Urging (?).]
   [L. urgere; akin to E. wreak. See Wreak, v. t.]

   1. To press; to push; to drive; to impel; to force onward.

     Through the thick deserts headlong urged his flight. Pope.

   2.  To  press  the  mind  or  will of; to ply with motives, arguments,
   persuasion, or importunity.

     My brother never Did urge me in his act; I did inquire it. Shak.

   3. To provoke; to exasperate. [R.]

     Urge not my father's anger. Shak.

   4. To press hard upon; to follow closely

     Heir urges heir, like wave impelling wave. Pope.

   5.  To present in an urgent manner; to press upon attention; to insist
   upon; as, to urge an argument; to urge the necessity of a case.

   6.  To  treat  with forcible means; to take severe or violent measures
   with;  as,  to  urge  an  ore  with  intense heat. Syn. -- To animate;
   incite; impel; instigate; stimulate; encourage.


   Urge (?), v. i.

   1. To press onward or forward. [R.]

   2. To be pressing in argument; to insist; to persist.


   Ur"gence (?), n. Urgency. [Obs.]


   Ur"gen*cy  (?), n. [Cf. F. urgence.] The quality or condition of being
   urgent;  insistence;  pressure;  as,  the  urgency  of  a demand or an


   Ur"gent  (?),  a.  [L.  urgens,  p.  pr. of urgere: cf. F. urgent. See
   Urge.]  Urging; pressing; besetting; plying, with importunity; calling
   for immediate attention; instantly important. "The urgent hour." Shak.

     Some urgent cause to ordain the contrary. Hooker.

     The Egyptians were urgent upon the people that they might send them
     out of the land in haste. Ex. xii. 33.


   Ur"gent*ly, adv. In an urgent manner.


   Ur"ger (?), n. One who urges. Beau. & Fl.


   U"ric  (?),  a.  [Gr.  urique.  See  Urine.]  (Physiol.  Chem.)  Of or
   pertaining  to urine; obtained from urine; as, uric acid. Uric acid, a
   crystalline  body,  present  in small quantity in the urine of man and
   most  mammals.  Combined  in  the  form of urate of ammonia, it is the
   chief  constituent  of  the  urine  of birds and reptiles, forming the
   white  part.  Traces of it are also found in the various organs of the
   body.  It is likewise a common constituent, either as the free acid or
   as  a  urate,  of  urinary or renal calculi and of the so-called gouty
   concretions.  From  acid urines, uric acid is frequently deposited, on
   standing  in  a  cool place, in the form of a reddish yellow sediment,
   nearly  always  crystalline.  Chemically,  it  is  composed of carbon,
   hydrogen,  nitrogen, and oxygen, C5H4N4O3, and by decomposition yields
   urea,  among  other  products. It can be made synthetically by heating
   together  urea and glycocoll. It was formerly called also lithic acid,
   in allusion to its occurrence in stone, or calculus.


   U"rim  (?),  n.  [Heb. , pl. of , fire light.] A part or decoration of
   the  breastplate  of  the high priest among the ancient Jews, by which
   Jehovah  revealed  his  will on certain occasions. Its nature has been
   the subject of conflicting conjectures.

     Thou  shall  put  in  the  breastplate of judgment the Urim and the
     Thummim. Ex. xxviii. 30.

     And  when  Saul  inquired  of  the Lord, the Lord answered him not,
     neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets. 1 Sam. xxviii. 6.

     NOTE: &hand; Pr ofessor Pl umptre su pposes the Urim to have been a
     clear and colorless stone set in the breastplate of the high priest
     as  a  symbol  of  light,  answering  to  the  mystic scarab in the
     pectoral  plate  of  the  ancient  Egyptian  priests,  and that the
     Thummim  was  an  image  corresponding to that worn by the priestly
     judges  of  Egypt  as  a  symbol  of truth and purity of motive. By
     gazing  steadfastly  on  these,  he  may  have  been  thrown into a
     mysterious,  half  ecstatic  state,  akin to hypnotism, in which he
     lost   all   personal   consciousness,  and  received  a  spiritual
     illumination and insight.


   U"ri*nal (?), n. [L. urinal, fr. urina urine: cf. F. urinal.]

   1.  A  vessel  for  holding  urine;  especially,  a bottle or tube for
   holding urine for inspection.

   2. A place or convenience for urinating purposes.


   U`ri*na"ri*um (?), n. [LL. urinarium.] (Agric.) A reservoir for urine,
   etc., for manure.


   U"ri*na*ry (?), a. [L. urina urine: cf. F. urinaire.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to the urine; as, the urinary bladder; urinary

   2. Resembling, or being of the nature of, urine.
   Urinary  calculus  (Med.),  a  concretion composed of some one or more
   crystalline  constituents  of  the  urine,  liable  to be found in any
   portion  of  the  urinary  passages or in the pelvis of the kidney. --
   Urinary   pigments,  (Physiol.  Chem.),  certain  colored  substances,
   urochrome,  or  urobilin,  uroerythrin,  etc.,  present  in  the urine
   together  with  indican,  a  colorless substance which by oxidation is
   convertible into colored bodies. <-- urinary tract -->
   U"ri*na*ry, n. A urinarium; also, a urinal.
   U"ri*nate (?), v. i. [LL. urinare.] To discharge urine; to make water.
   U`ri*na"tion (?), n. The act or process of voiding urine; micturition.
   U"ri*na*tive  (?),  a.  Provoking the flow of urine; uretic; diuretic.
   [R.] Bacon.
   U"ri*na`tor (?), n. [L., from urinari to plunge under water, to dive.]
   One  who  dives  under  water in search of something, as for pearls; a
   diver. [R.] Ray.
   U"rine  (?),  n.  [F. urine, L. urina; akin to urinari to plunge under
   water, to dive, Gr. v\'ber water, Icel. drizzling rain, AS. w\'91r the
   sea.]  (Physiol.)  In  mammals, a fluid excretion from the kidneys; in
   birds and reptiles, a solid or semisolid excretion.
     NOTE: &hand; I n man, the urine is a clear, transparent fluid of an
     amber color and peculiar odor, with an average density of 1.02. The
     average  amount excreted in 24 hours is from 40 to 60 ounces (about
     1,200  cubic  centimeters).  Chemically,  the  urine  is  mainly an
     aqueous  solution  of  urea, salt (sodium chloride), and uric acid,
     together  with some hippuric acid and peculiar pigments. It usually
     has  an  acid reaction, owing to the presence of acid phosphates of
     soda  or  free  uric acid. Normally, it contains about 960 parts of
     water  to 40 parts of solid matter, and the daily average excretion
     is  35  grams  (540  grains) of urea, 0.75 gram (11 grains) of uric
     acid,  and  16.5  grams  (260  grains)  of salt. Abnormally, it may
     contain  sugar as in diabetes, albumen as in Bright's disease, bile
     pigments as in jaundice, or abnormal quantities of some one or more
     of the normal constituents.

   U"rine, v. i. To urinate. [Obs.] Bacon.


   U`ri*nif"er*ous (?), a. [Urine + -ferous.] Bearing or conveying urine;
   as, uriniferous tubules.


   U`ri*nip"a*rous  (?),  a.  [Urine  +  L.  parere  to  produce:  cf. F.
   urinipare.]   (Physiol.)   Producing   or  preparing  urine;  as,  the
   uriniparous tubes in the cortical portion of the kidney.


   U`ri*no*gen"i*tal  (?),  a.  (Anat.)  Pertaining  to  the  urinary and
   genital organs; genitourinary; urogenital; as, the urinogenital canal.


   U`ri*nom"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Urine  +  -meter.]  A  small hydrometer for
   determining the specific gravity of urine.


   U`ri*nom"e*try (?), n. The estimation of the specific gravity of urine
   by the urinometer.

   Page 1587

                               Urinose, Urinous

   U"ri*nose  (?),  U"ri*nous  (?), a. [Cf. F. urineux. See Urine.] Of or
   pertaining  to  urine,  or  partaking  of  its  qualities;  having the
   character or odor of urine; similar to urine. Arbuthnot.


   U"rite  (?),  n. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) One of the segments of the abdomen or
   post-abdomen of arthropods.


   U"rith  (?),  n.  The  bindings  of  a  hedge.  [Obs.  or  Prov. Eng.]


   Urn  (?),  n.  [OE.  urne, L. urna; perhaps fr. urere to burn, and sop
   called as being made of burnt clay (cf. East): cf. F. urne.]

   1.  A vessel of various forms, usually a vase furnished with a foot or
   pedestal, employed for different purposes, as for holding liquids, for
   ornamental uses, for preserving the ashes of the dead after cremation,
   and anciently for holding lots to be drawn.

     A  rustic, digging in the ground by Padua, found an urn, or earthen
     pot, in which there was another urn. Bp. Wilkins.

     His  scattered  limbs with my dead body burn, And once more join us
     in the pious urn. Dryden.

   2. Fig.: Any place of burial; the grave.

     Or   lay  these  bones  in  an  unworthy  urn,  Tombless,  with  no
     remembrance over them. Shak.

   3.  (Rom.  Antiq.) A measure of capacity for liquids, containing about
   three  gallons  and a haft, wine measure. It was haft the amphora, and
   four times the congius.

   4.  (Bot.)  A  hollow  body shaped like an urn, in which the spores of
   mosses are contained; a spore case; a theca.

   5. A tea urn. See under Tea.
   Urn  mosses (Bot.), the order of true mosses; -- so called because the
   capsules of many kinds are urn-shaped.


   Urn, v. t. To inclose in, or as in, an urn; to inurn.

     When  horror universal shall descend, And heaven's dark concave urn
     all human race. Young.


   Urn"al (?), a. Of or pertaining to an urn; effected by an urn or urns.
   "Urnal interments." Sir T. Browne.


   Urn"ful (?), n.; pl. Urnfuls (. As much as an urn will hold; enough to
   fill an urn.


   Urn"-shaped`  (?),  a.  Having the shape of an urn; as, the urn-shaped
   capsules of some mosses.


   U"ro- (?). A combining form fr. Gr. o'y^ron, urine.


   U"ro-.  A  combining  form  from  Gr.  o'yra`,  the  tail,  the caudal


   U`ro*bi"lin (?), n. [1st uro- + bile + -in.] (Physiol. Chem.) A yellow
   pigment  identical with hydrobilirubin, abundant in the highly colored
   urine of fever, and also present in normal urine. See Urochrome.


   U"ro*cele  (?),  n.  [1st  uro  +  Gr. (Med.) A morbid swelling of the
   scrotum due to extravasation of urine into it.


   U`ro*cer"a*ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   boring Hymenoptera, including Tremex and allied genera. See Illust. of


   U"ro*chord  (?),  n. [2d uro- + chord.] (Zo\'94l.) The central axis or
   cord  in  the tail of larval ascidians and of certain adult tunicates.
   [Written also urocord.]


   U`ro*chor"da  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Urochord.]  (Zo\'94l.) Same as


   U`ro*chor"dal (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Urochorda.


   U"ro*chrome  (?), n. [1st uro- + Gr. (Physiol. Chem.) A yellow urinary
   pigment, considered by Thudichum as the only pigment present in normal
   urine. It is regarded by Maly as identical with urobilin.


   U"rochs (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Aurochs.


   U"ro*cord (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Urochord.


   U"ro*cyst (?), n. [1st uro- + cyst.] (Anat.) The urinary bladder.


   U`ro*de"la  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.; Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An order of amphibians
   having  the  tail  well  developed  and  often  long. It comprises the
   salamanders, tritons, and allied animals.


   U"ro*dele (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Urodela.


   U`ro*de"li*an  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Urodela. --
   n. One of the Urodela.


   U`ro*e*ryth"rin (?), n. [See 1st Uro-, and Erythrin.] (Physiol. Chem.)
   A  reddish urinary pigment, considered as the substance which gives to
   the  urine  of rheumatism its characteristic color. It also causes the
   red color often seen in deposits of urates.


   U`ro*gas"tric  (?),  a.  [2d  uro-  +  gastric.] (Zo\'94l.) Behind the
   stomach; -- said of two lobes of the carapace of certain crustaceans.


   U`ro*gen"i*tal   (?),  a.  [1st  uro-  +  genital.]  (Anat.)  Same  as


   U`ro*glau"cin (?), n. [1st uro- + L. glaucus bright.] (Physiol. Chem.)
   A  body identical with indigo blue, occasionally found in the urine in
   degeneration  of  the  kidneys.  It  is readily formed by oxidation or
   decomposition of indican.


   U`ro*h\'91m"a*tin  (?),  n.  [1st uro- + h\'91matin.] (Physiol. Chem.)
   Urinary  h\'91matin;  --  applied to the normal coloring matter of the
   urine,  on  the  supposition  that  it  is  formed  either directly or
   indirectly  (through  bilirubin) from the h\'91matin of the blood. See
   Urochrome, and Urobilin.


   U`ro*hy"al  (?),  a.  [2d  uro-  +  the  Gr.  letter  .] (Anat.) Of or
   pertaining  to  one  or  more  median  and  posterior  elements in the
   hyoidean arch of fishes. -- n. A urohyal bone or cartilage.


   U*rol"o*gy (?), n. [1st uro- + -logy.] (Med.) See Uronology.


   U"ro*mere  (?),  n.  [2d  uro-  +  -mere.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of the
   abdominal segments of an arthropod.


   U`ro*nol"o*gy  (?), n. [Gr. -logy.] (Med.) That part of medicine which
   treats of urine. Dunglison.


   U"ro*pod (?), n. [2d uro- + -pod.] (Zo\'94l.) Any one of the abdominal
   appendages  of  a  crustacean,  especially  one of the posterior ones,
   which  are often larger than the rest, and different in structure, and
   are  used  chiefly  in  locomotion.  See  Illust.  of  Crustacea,  and


   U*rop"o*dal (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to a uropod.


   U`ro*po*et"ic (?), a. [1st uro- + Gr.

   1. (Med.) Producing, or favoring the production of, urine.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Of,  pertaining to, or designating, a system of organs
   which  eliminate  nitrogenous  waste  matter from the blood of certain


   U`ro*pyg"i*al (?), a. [See Uropygium.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the
   uropygium,  or  prominence at the base of the tail feathers, in birds.
   Uropygial  gland,  a  peculiar sebaceous gland at the base of the tail
   feathers in most birds. It secretes an oily fluid which is spread over
   the feathers by preening.


   U`ro*pyg"i*um  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Anat.) The prominence at the
   posterior  extremity  of a bird's body, which supports the feathers of
   the tail; the rump; -- sometimes called pope's nose.


   U`ro*sa"cral  (?),  a. [2d uro- + sacral.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to
   both  the  caudal  and  sacral  parts of the vertebral column; as, the
   urosacral vertebr\'91 of birds.


   U*ros"co*py  (?),  n.  [1st  uro-  +  -scopy:  cf.  F. uroscopie.] The
   diagnosis of diseases by inspection of urine. Sir T. Browne.


   U"ro*some  (?),  n. [2d uro- + -some body.] (Zo\'94l.) The abdomen, or
   post-abdomen, of arthropods.


   U"ro*stege  (?), n. [2d uro- + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) One of the plates on the
   under side of the tail of a serpent.


   U*ros"te*on  (?),  n.; pl. L. Urostea (#), E. Urosteons (#). [NL., fr.
   Gr.  (Anat.)  A  median  ossification  back  of  the lophosteon in the
   sternum of some birds.


   U`ro*ster"nite (?), n. [2d uro- + sternum.] (Zo\'94l.) The sternal, or
   under  piece,  of  any  one  of  the  uromeres  of  insects  and other


   U"ro*style  (?), n. [2d uro- + Gr. (Anat.) A styliform process forming
   the  posterior  extremity  of  the vertebral column in some fishes and


   U"rox (?), n. [See Aurochs, and cf. Urus.] (Zo\'94l.) The aurochs.


   U*rox"a*nate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of uroxanic acid.


   U`rox*an"ic  (?),  a.  [Uric  +  alloxan.]  (Chem.)  Pertaining to, or
   designating,  an  acid,  C5H8N4O6,  which  is  obtained,  as  a  white
   crystalline  substance, by the slow oxidation of uric acid in alkaline


   U`ro*xan"thin  (?),  n. [1st uro- + xanthin.] (Physiol. Chem.) Same as


   Ur*rho"din  (?),  n.  [1st  uro-  + Gr. (Physiol. Chem.) Indigo red, a
   product  of  the  decomposition,  or  oxidation,  of  indican.  It  is
   sometimes  found in the sediment of pathological urines. It is soluble
   in  ether  or alcohol, giving the solution a beautiful red color. Also
   called indigrubin.


   Ur"ry  (?), n. [Cf. Gael. uir, uireach, mold, clay.] A sort of blue or
   black clay lying near a vein of coal.


   Ur"sa  (?),  n.  [L.  ursa  a she-bear, also, a constellation, fem. of
   ursus  a bear. Cf. Arctic.] (Astron.) Either one of the Bears. See the
   Phrases  below.  Ursa  Major  [L.],  the  Great  Bear, one of the most
   conspicuous  of  the  northern constellations. It is situated near the
   pole, and contains the stars which form the Dipper, or Charles's Wain,
   two  of which are the Pointers, or stars which point towards the North
   Star.  --  Ursa Minor [L.], the Little Bear, the constellation nearest
   the  north  pole.  It  contains  the north star, or polestar, which is
   situated in the extremity of the tail.
   Ur"sal  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  ursine seal. See the Note under 1st
   Ur"si*form  (?), a. [L. ursus, ursa, a bear + -form.] Having the shape
   of a bear. 


   Ur"sine  (?),  a.  [L.  ursinus,  from  ursus a bear. See Ursa.] Of or
   pertaining to a bear; resembling a bear. Ursine baboon. (Zo\'94l.) See
   Chacma.  --  Ursine dasyure (Zo\'94l.), the Tasmanian devil. -- Ursine
   howler  (Zo\'94l.),  the araguato. See Illust. under Howler. -- Ursine
   seal. (Zo\'94l.) See Sea bear, and the Note under 1st Seal.


   Ur"son  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Urchin.]  (Zo\'94l.) The Canada porcupine. See


   Ur"suk (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The bearded seal.


   Ur"su*la  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  beautiful  North American butterfly
   (Basilarchia, OR Limenitis, astyanax). Its wings are nearly black with
   red and blue spots and blotches. Called also red-spotted purple.


   Ur"su*line  (?),  n. [Cf. F. ursuline.] (R. C. Ch.) One of an order of
   nuns  founded  by  St.  Angela Merici, at Brescia, in Italy, about the
   year  1537,  and  so called from St. Ursula, under whose protection it
   was placed. The order was introduced into Canada as early as 1639, and
   into  the  United  States in 1727. The members are devoted entirely to


   Ur"su*line,  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  St.  Ursula,  or the order of
   Ursulines; as, the Ursuline nuns.


   Ur"sus (?), n. [L., a bear.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of Carnivora including
   the common bears.


   Ur*ti"ca  (?),  n.  [L., a nettle.] (Bot.) A genus of plants including
   the common nettles. See Nettle, n.


   Ur`ti*ca"ceous  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Of  or pertaining to a natural order
   (Urticace\'91)  of  plants, of which the nettle is the type. The order
   includes  also the hop, the elm, the mulberry, the fig, and many other


   Ur"tic*al  (?),  a.  Resembling  nettles;  --  said of several natural
   orders allied to urticaceous plants.


   Ur`ti*ca"ri*a  (?),  n.  [NL.  See  Urtica.] (Med.) The nettle rash, a
   disease  characterized  by  a transient eruption of red pimples and of
   wheals,  accompanied  with  a  burning  or stinging sensation and with
   itching; uredo.


   Ur"ti*cate  (?),  v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Urticated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Urticating.]  To  sting with, or as with, nettles; to irritate; to
   annoy. G. A. Sala.


   Ur`ti*ca"tion  (?),  n.  (Med.)  The  act  or  process  of whipping or
   stinging   with  nettles;  --  sometimes  used  in  the  treatment  of


   U*ru*bu"  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Pg.  urub\'a3  a  certain  Brazilian  bird.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  The  black vulture (Catharista atrata). It ranges from the
   Southern United States to South America. See Vulture.


   U"rus (?), n. [L.; of Teutonic origin. See Aurochs.] (Zo\'94l.) A very
   large,  powerful,  and  savage  extinct  bovine  animal  (Bos  urus OR
   primigenius)  anciently  abundant  in Europe. It appears to have still
   existed  in  the time of Julius C\'91sar. It had very large horns, and
   was hardly capable of domestication. Called also, ur, ure, and tur.


   Ur"va  (?),  n.  [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) The crab-eating ichneumon (Herpestes
   urva),  native of India. The fur is black, annulated with white at the
   tip  of  each  hair,  and a white streak extends from the mouth to the


   Us  (?),  pron. [OE. us, AS. ; akin to OFries. & OS. , D. ons, G. uns,
   Icel.  &  Sw.  oss,  Dan.  os,  Goth.  uns, L. nos we, us, Gr. nas us.
   Nostrum, Our.] The persons speaking, regarded as an object; ourselves;
   -- the objective case of we. See We. "Tell us a tale." Chaucer.

     Give us this day our daily bread. Matt. vi. 11.


   Us"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being used.


   Us"age (?), n. [F. usage, LL. usaticum. See Use.]

   1.  The  act  of  using; mode of using or treating; treatment; conduct
   with  respect  to a person or a thing; as, good usage; ill usage; hard

     My  brother  Is prisoner to the bishop here, at whose hands He hath
     good usage and great liberty. Shak.

   2. Manners; conduct; behavior. [Obs.]

     A  gentle  nymph was found, Hight Astery, excelling all the crew In
     courteous usage. Spenser.

   3.  Long-continued  practice;  customary  mode  of  procedure; custom;
   habitual use; method. Chaucer.

     It has now been, during many years, the grave and decorous usage of
     Parliaments  to  hear,  in  respectful  silence,  all  expressions,
     acceptable  or  unacceptable,  which  are  uttered from the throne.

   4. Customary use or employment, as of a word or phrase in a particular
   sense or signification.

   5. Experience. [Obs.]

     In eld [old age] is both wisdom and usage. Chaucer.

   Syn.  --  Custom;  use;  habit. -- Usage, Custom. These words, as here
   compared,  agree  in  expressing  the idea of habitual practice; but a
   custom  is not necessarily a usage. A custom may belong to many, or to
   a  single  individual. A usage properly belongs to the great body of a
   people.  Hence,  we  speak  of  usage,  not  of  custom, as the law of
   language.  Again,  a  custom  is  merely  that  which  has  been often
   repeated, so as to have become, in a good degree, established. A usage
   must be both often repeated and of long standing. Hence, we speak of a
   "hew  custom,"  but  not of a "new usage." Thus, also, the "customs of
   society"  is  not  so strong an expression as the "usages of society."
   "Custom,  a  greater  power  than  nature,  seldom  fails to make them
   worship."  Locke.  "Of things once received and confirmed by use, long
   usage is a law sufficient." Hooker. In law, the words usage and custom
   are  often  used  interchangeably,  but  the  word  custom  also has a
   technical and restricted sense. See Custom, n., 3.

   Page 1588


   Us"a*ger (?), n. [F. usager.] One who has the use of anything in trust
   for another. [Obs.] Daniel.


   Us"ance (?), n. [F. See Use, v. t.]

   1. Use; usage; employment. [Obs.] Spenser.

   2. Custom; practice; usage. [Obs.] Gower. Chaucer.

   3. Interest paid for money; usury. [Obs.] Shak.

   4.  (Com.)  The  time,  fixed variously by the usage between different
   countries,  when  a  bill  of exchange is payable; as, a bill drawn on
   London at one usance, or at double usance.


   Us"ant  (?),  a. [OF.] Using; accustomed. [Obs.] "Usant for to steal."

                                Usbegs, Usbeks

   Us"begs (?), Us"beks (?), n. pl. (Ethnol.) A Turkish tribe which about
   the  close of the 15th century conquered, and settled in, that part of
   Asia now called Turkestan. [Written also Uzbecks, and Uzbeks.]


   Use (?), n. [OE. us use, usage, L. usus, from uti, p. p. usus, to use.
   See Use, v. t.]

   1.  The act of employing anything, or of applying it to one's service;
   the  state  of  being so employed or applied; application; employment;
   conversion  to  some  purpose;  as,  the  use of a pen in writing; his
   machines are in general use.

     Books can never teach the use of books. Bacon.

     This Davy serves you for good uses. Shak.

     When he framed All things to man's delightful use. Milton.

   2.  Occasion  or need to employ; necessity; as, to have no further use
   for a book. Shak.

   3.  Yielding  of service; advantage derived; capability of being used;
   usefulness; utility.

     God made two great lights, great for their use To man. Milton.

     'T is use alone that sanctifies expense. Pope.

   4.  Continued  or  repeated  practice;  customary  employment;  usage;
   custom; manner; habit.

     Let later age that noble use envy. Spenser.

     How weary, stale, flat and unprofitable, Seem to me all the uses of
     this world! Shak.

   5. Common occurrence; ordinary experience. [R.]

     O C\'91sar! these things are beyond all use. Shak.

   6.  (Eccl.) The special form of ritual adopted for use in any diocese;
   as, the Sarum, or Canterbury, use; the Hereford use; the York use; the
   Roman use; etc.

     From  henceforth  all the whole realm shall have but one use. Pref.
     to Book of Common Prayer.

   7.  The  premium  paid  for  the possession and employment of borrowed
   money; interest; usury. [Obs.]

     Thou  art  more obliged to pay duty and tribute, use and principal,
     to him. Jer. Taylor.

   8.  [In this sense probably a corruption of OF. oes, fr. L. opus need,
   business,  employment, work. Cf. Operate.] (Law) The benefit or profit
   of  lands and tenements. Use imports a trust and confidence reposed in
   a  man  for the holding of lands. He to whose use or benefit the trust
   is  intended shall enjoy the profits. An estate is granted and limited
   to A for the use of B.

   9.  (Forging)  A  stab  of  iron welded to the side of a forging, as a
   shaft,  near the end, and afterward drawn down, by hammering, so as to
   lengthen the forging.
   Contingent, OR Springing, use (Law), a use to come into operation on a
   future  uncertain  event.  --  In use. (a) In employment; in customary
   practice  observance.  (b) In heat; -- said especially of mares. J. H.
   Walsh.  --  Of no use, useless; of no advantage. -- Of use, useful; of
   advantage;  profitable. -- Out of use, not in employment. -- Resulting
   use (Law), a use, which, being limited by the deed, expires or can not
   vest,  and  results  or  returns  to  him  who  raised  it, after such
   expiration.  --  Secondary,  OR  Shifting,  use,  a  use which, though
   executed, may change from one to another by circumstances. Blackstone.
   --  Statute  of  uses  (Eng.  Law), the stat. 27 Henry VIII., cap. 10,
   which  transfers  uses  into  possession,  or which unites the use and
   possession.  --  To  make  use of, To put to use, to employ; to derive
   service from; to use.


   Use  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Used (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Using.] [OE.
   usen, F. user to use, use up, wear out, LL. usare to use, from L. uti,
   p.  p.  usus,  to  use,  OL.  oeti,  oesus;  of  uncertain origin. Cf.

   1.  To  make  use of; to convert to one's service; to avail one's self
   of; to employ; to put a purpose; as, to use a plow; to use a chair; to
   use time; to use flour for food; to use water for irrigation.

     Launcelot Gobbo, use your legs. Shak.

     Some other means I have which may be used. Milton.

   2.  To  behave  toward;  to act with regard to; to treat; as, to use a
   beast cruelly. "I will use him well." Shak.

     How wouldst thou use me now? Milton.

     Cato has used me ill. Addison.

   3.  To  practice  customarily;  to  make  a  practice  of;  as, to use
   diligence in business.

     Use hospitality one to another. 1 Pet. iv. 9.

   4.  To  accustom;  to  habituate;  to  render familiar by practice; to
   inure;  -- employed chiefly in the passive participle; as, men used to
   cold and hunger; soldiers used to hardships and danger.

     I am so used in the fire to blow. Chaucer.

     Thou  with  thy  compeers, Used to the yoke, draw'st his triumphant
     wheels. Milton.

   To use one's self, to behave. [Obs.] "Pray, forgive me, if I have used
   myself  unmannerly."  Shak. -- To use up. (a) To consume or exhaust by
   using;  to  leave  nothing  of;  as,  to  use  up the supplies. (b) To
   exhaust;  to  tire  out;  to  leave no capacity of force or use in; to
   overthrow; as, he was used up by fatigue. [Colloq.] Syn. -- Employ. --
   Use, Employ. We use a thing, or make use of it, when we derive from it
   some enjoyment or service. We employ it when we turn that service into
   a  particular channel. We use words to express our general meaning; we
   employ  certain  technical  terms  in reference to a given subject. To
   make use of, implies passivity in the thing; as, to make use of a pen;
   and  hence  there is often a material difference between the two words
   when applied to persons. To speak of "making use of another" generally
   implies  a  degrading  idea,  as  if  we had used him as a tool; while
   employ  has  no  such  sense.  A  confidential  friend  is employed to
   negotiate; an inferior agent is made use of on an intrigue.

     I  would,  my  son,  that  thou  wouldst  use  the  power Which thy
     discretion gives thee, to control And manage all. Cowper.

     To  study  nature will thy time employ: Knowledge and innocence are
     perfect joy. Dryden.


   Use (?), v. i.

   1.  To  be  wont or accustomed; to be in the habit or practice; as, he
   used  to  ride  daily;  --  now  disused in the present tense, perhaps
   because of the similarity in sound, between "use to," and "used to."

     They  use  to  place  him  that  shall be their captain on a stone.

     Fears use to be represented in an imaginary. Bacon.

     Thus  we  use to say, it is the room that smokes, when indeed it is
     the fire in the room. South.

     Now  Moses  used to take the tent and to pitch it without the camp.
     Ex. xxxiii. 7 (Rev. Ver.)

   2.  To  be  accustomed  to  go;  to frequent; to inhabit; to dwell; --
   sometimes followed by of. [Obs.] "Where never foot did use." Spenser.

     He useth every day to a merchant's house. B. Jonson.

     Ye  valleys  low, where the mild whispers use Of shades, and wanton
     winds, and gushing brooks. Milton.


   Use"ful  (?),  a.  Full  of  use,  advantage, or profit; producing, or
   having  power  to  produce,  good;  serviceable for any end or object;
   helpful   toward   advancing   any  purpose;  beneficial;  profitable;
   advantageous;  as,  vessels  and instruments useful in a family; books
   useful for improvement; useful knowledge; useful arts.

     To what can I useful! Milton.


   Use"ful*ly, adv. In a useful manner.


   Use"ful*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being useful; utility;
   serviceableness;  advantage.  Addison. Syn. -- Utility; value; profit.
   See Utility.


   Use"less,  a. Having, or being of, no use; unserviceable; producing no
   good  end;  answering  no  valuable  purpose;  not  advancing  the end
   proposed;  unprofitable;  ineffectual;  as, a useless garment; useless

     Not  to  sit  idle  with  so  great  a  gift  Useless,  and  thence
     ridiculous. Milton.

   Syn. -- Fruitless; ineffectual. -- Useless, Fruitless, Ineffectual. We
   speak  of an attempt, effort, etc., as being useless when there are in
   it  inherent  difficulties  which  forbid  the  hope  of  success,  as
   fruitless when it fails, not from any such difficulties, but from some
   unexpected  hindrance  arising  to  frustrate  it;  as, the design was
   rendered  fruitless  by the death of its projector. Ineffectual nearly
   resembles  fruitless,  but  implies  a  failure  of  a  less  hopeless
   character; as, after several ineffectual efforts, I at last succeeded.

     Useless  are  all  words Till you have writ "performance" with your
     swords. The other is for waiving. Beau. & Fl.

     Waiving   all   searches   into  antiquity,  in  relation  to  this
     controversy, as being either needless or fruitless. Waterland.

     Even  our blessed Savior's preaching, who spake as never man spake,
     was ineffectual to many. Bp. Stillingfleet.

   -- Use"less*ly, adv. -- Use"less*ness, n.


   Us"er (?), n.

   1. One who uses. Shak.

   2. (Law) Enjoyment of property; use. Mozley & W.


   Ush"er  (?),  n.  [OE.  ussher,  uschere, OF. ussier, uisser, oissier,
   hussier,  huissier,  fr. L. ostiarius a doorkeeper, fr. ostium a door,
   entrance, fr. os mouth. See Oral, and cf. Ostiary.]

   1.  An  officer  or  servant  who has the care of the door of a court,
   hall,  chamber, or the like; hence, an officer whose business it is to
   introduce strangers, or to walk before a person of rank. Also, one who
   escorts  persons  to  seats in a church, theater, etc. "The ushers and
   the squires." Chaucer.

     These are the ushers of Marcius. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ere ar e va rious officers of this kind attached to
     the  royal  household  in England, including the gentleman usher of
     the  black  rod,  who  attends  in  the  House  of Peers during the
     sessions  of  Parliament,  and twelve or more gentlemen ushers. See
     Black rod.

   2. An under teacher, or assistant master, in a school.


   Ush"er, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ushered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Ushering.] To
   introduce  or  escort,  as  an  usher,  forerunner,  or  harbinger; to
   forerun;  --  sometimes  followed  by  in  or forth; as, to usher in a
   stranger; to usher forth the guests; to usher a visitor into the room.

     The stars that usher evening rose. Milton.

     The  Examiner was ushered into the world by a letter, setting forth
     the great genius of the author. Addison.


   Ush"er*ance (?), n. The act of ushering, or the state of being ushered
   in. [Obs.] Shaftesbury.


   Ush"er*dom  (?),  n.  The  office  or position of an usher; ushership;
   also, ushers, collectively. [R.]


   Ush"er*less, a. Destitute of an usher. Marston.


   Ush"er*ship, n. The office of an usher; usherdom.


   Us"i*ta*tive  (?),  a.  [L.  usitari  to use often.] Denoting usual or
   customary action. "The usitative aorist." Alford.


   Us"ne*a (?), n. [NL., from Ar. usnah moss.] (Bot.) A genus of lichens,
   most  of  the  species of which have long, gray, pendulous, and finely
   branched  fronds.  Usnea  barbata  is  the common bearded lichen which
   grows on branches of trees in northern forests.


   Us"nic  (?),  a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, a complex acid
   obtained,  as  a  yellow crystalline substance, from certain genera of
   lichens (Usnea, Parmelia, etc.).


   Us"que*baugh  (?),  n. [Ir. or Gael. uisge beatha, literally, water of
   life;  uisge  water  + beatha life; akin to Gr. bi`os life. See Quick,
   a., and cf. Whisky.]

   1. A compound distilled spirit made in Ireland and Scotland; whisky.

     The  Scottish  returns being vested in grouse, white hares, pickled
     salmon, and usquebaugh. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  A  liquor  compounded  of brandy, or other strong spirit, raisins,
   cinnamon and other spices. Brande & C.


   Us`self" (?), n. pl. Ourselves. [Obs.] Wyclif. Piers Plowman. Chaucer.


   Us"tion  (?), n. [L. ustio, fr. urere, ustum, to burn: cf. F. ustion.]
   The act of burning, or the state of being burned. [R.] Johnson.


   Us*to"ri*ous (?), a. [L. urere, ustum, to burn.] Having the quality of
   burning. [R.] I. Watts.


   Us"tu*late  (?),  a. [L. ustulatus, p. p. of ustulare to scorch, urere
   to burn.] Blackened as if burned.


   Us`tu*la"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. ustulation.]

   1. The act of burning or searing. [R.] Sir W. Petty.

   2.  (Old  Chem.) The operation of expelling one substance from another
   by heat, as sulphur or arsenic from ores, in a muffle.

   3.  (Pharm.)  (a)  The  roasting  or  drying of moist substances so as
   prepare them for pulverizing. (b) The burning of wine.

   4. Lascivious passion; concupiscence. [Obs.]

     It  is  not  certain that they took the better part when they chose
     ustulation  before  marriage,  expressly  against the apostle. Jer.


   U"su*al (?), a. [L. usualis, from usus use: cf. F. usuel. See Use, n.]
   Such  as  is in common use; such as occurs in ordinary practice, or in
   the ordinary course of events; customary; ordinary; habitual; common.

     Consultation  with  oracles  was a thing very usual and frequent in
     their times. Hooker.

     We can make friends of these usual enemies. Baxter.

   -- U"su*al*ly, adv. -- U"su*al*ness, n.


   U`su*cap"tion  (?;  277),  n.  [L. usucapere, usucaptum, to acquire by
   long  use;  usu  (ablative of usus use) + capere to take: cf. usucapio
   usucaption.]  (Roman  Law)  The  acquisition  of the title or right to
   property  by  the  uninterrupted  possession  of it for a certain term
   prescribed by law; -- the same as prescription in common law.


   U"su*fruct  (?; 277), n. [L. usufructus, ususfructus, usus et fructus;
   usus  use  + fructus fruit.] (Law) The right of using and enjoying the
   profits  of  an  estate  or  other thing belonging to another, without
   impairing the substance. Burrill.


   U`su*fruc"tu*a*ry  (?), n. [L. usufructuarius.] (Law) A person who has
   the use of property and reaps the profits of it. Wharton.


   U`su*fruc"tu*a*ry, a. (Law) Of or pertaining to a usufruct; having the
   nature of a usufruct.

     The  ordinary  graces  bequeathed  by  Christ to his church, as the
     usufructuary property of all its members. Coleridge.

                              Usurarious, Usurary

   U`su*ra"ri*ous  (?),  U"su*ra*ry (?), a. [L. usurarius that serves for
   use,  that  pays  interest.  See Usurer.] Usurious. [Obs.] "Usurarious
   contracts." Jer. Taylor. Bp. Hall.


   U"sure  (?;  115),  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Usured (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Usuring.]  [Cf. OF. usurer, LL. usurare.] To practice usury; to charge
   unlawful interest. [Obs.] "The usuringb senate." Shak.

     I usured not ne to me usured any man. Wyclif (Jer. xv. 10).


   U"sure (?), n. [F.] Usury. [Obs.] Wyclif.

     Foul usure and lucre of villainy. Chaucer.


   U"su*rer  (?),  n.  [F.  usurier,  LL.  usurarius.  See Usury, and cf.

   1.  One  who  lends  money  and takes interest for it; a money lender.

     If  thou  lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou
     shalt  not  be  to him as a usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him
     usury. Ex. xxii. 25.

   2.  One  who lends money at a rate of interest beyond that established
   by  law;  one who exacts an exorbitant rate of interest for the use of

     He was wont to call me usurer. Shak.


   U*su"ri*ous (?; 277), a. [From Usury.]

   1. Practicing usury; taking illegal or exorbitant interest for the use
   of money; as, a usurious person.

   2.  Partaking  of usury; containing or involving usury; as, a usurious
   contract. -- U*su"ri*ous*ly, adv. -- U*su"ri*ous*ness, n.


   U*surp"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Usurped  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Usurping.]  [L.  usurpare,  usurpatum,  to  make  use  of,  enjoy, get
   possession  of,  usurp; the first part of usurpare is akin to usus use
   (see  Use,  n.): cf. F. usurper.] To seize, and hold in possession, by
   force,  or  without  right;  as,  to  usurp  a  throne;  to  usurp the
   prerogatives  of  the  crown;  to usurp power; to usurp the right of a
   patron is to oust or dispossess him.

     Alack, thou dost usurp authority. Shak.

     Another  revolution,  to  get  rid of this illegitimate and usurped
     government, would of course be perfectly justifiable. Burke.

     NOTE: &hand; Us urp is  ap plied to  se izure an d us e of  office,
     functions,  powers,  rights,  etc.;  it  is  not  applied to common
     dispossession of private property.

   Syn. -- To arrogate; assume; appropriate.


   U*surp",  v. i. To commit forcible seizure of place, power, functions,
   or  the like, without right; to commit unjust encroachments; to be, or
   act as, a usurper.

     The  parish  churches  on  which the Presbyterians and fanatics had
     usurped. Evelyn.

     And now the Spirits of the Mind Are busy with poor Peter Bell; Upon
     the  rights  of  visual  sense  Usurping,  with  a  prevalence More
     terrible than magic spell. Wordsworth.


   U*surp"ant (?), a. [L. usurpans, p. pr.] Usurping; encroaching. [Obs.]


   U`sur*pa"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  usurpatio making use, usurpation: cf. F.

   1.  The  act  of  usurping, or of seizing and enjoying; an authorized,
   arbitrary  assumption  and exercise of power, especially an infringing
   on  the  rights  of  others;  specifically,  the  illegal  seizure  of
   sovereign  power; -- commonly used with of, also used with on or upon;
   as, the usurpation of a throne; the usurpation of the supreme power.

   Page 1589

     He  contrived  their  destruction, with the usurpation of the regal
     dignity upon him. Sir T. More.

     A  law  [of  a  State]  which  is  a  usurpation  upon  the general
     government. O. Ellsworth.

     Manifest usurpation on the rights of other States. D. Webster.

     NOTE: &hand; Us urpation, in a peculiar sense, formerly denoted the
     absolute  ouster  and dispossession of the patron of a church, by a
     stranger  presenting a clerk to a vacant benefice, who us thereupon
     admitted and instituted.

   2. Use; usage; custom. [Obs.] Bp. Pearson.


   U*surp"a*to*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  usurpatorius.]  Marked  by  usurpation;
   usurping. [R.]


   U*surp"a*ture  (?), n. Usurpation. [R.] "Beneath man's usurpature." R.


   U*surp"er (?), n. One who usurps; especially, one who seizes illegally
   on  sovereign  power; as, the usurper of a throne, of power, or of the
   rights of a patron.

     A  crown  will  not  want  pretenders to claim it, not usurpers, if
     their power serves them, to possess it. South.


   U*surp"ing*ly, adv. In a usurping manner.


   U"su*ry  (?),  n.  [OE.  usurie, usure, F. usure, L. usura use, usury,
   interest, fr. uti, p. p. usus, to use. See Use, v. t.]

   1.  A  premium or increase paid, or stipulated to be paid, for a loan,
   as of money; interest. [Obs. or Archaic]

     Thou  shalt  not  lend  upon  usury to thy brother; usury of money,
     usury of victuals, usury of anything that is lent upon usury. Deut.
     xxiii. 19.

     Thou  oughtest therefore to have put my money to the exchanges, and
     then at my coming I should have received mine own with usury. Matt.
     xxv. 27.

     What he borrows from the ancients, he repays with usury of Dryden.

   2. The practice of taking interest. [Obs.]

     Usury  .  .  . bringeth the treasure of a realm or state into a few

   3.  (Law) Interest in excess of a legal rate charged to a borrower for
   the use of money.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e pr actice of requiring in repayment of money lent
     anything  more  than  the amount lent, was formerly thought to be a
     great  moral  wrong, and the greater, the more was taken. Now it is
     not deemed more wrong to take pay for the use of money than for the
     use  of  a  house,  or  a  horse,  or  any  other property. But the
     lingering  influence  of the former opinion, together with the fact
     that  the nature of money makes it easier for the lender to oppress
     the borrower, has caused nearly all Christian nations to fix by law
     the  rate  of  compensation  for  the  use of money. Of late years,
     however,  the  opinion that money should be borrowed and repaid, or
     bought  and  sold, upon whatever terms the parties should agree to,
     like any other property, has gained ground everywhere.

   Am. Cyc.


   Ut (?), n. (Min.) The first note in Guido's musical scale, now usually
   superseded by do. See Solmization.


   U"tas  (?),  n.  [OF.  huitieves,  witieves, witaves, oitieves, pl. of
   huitieve,  witieve, etc., eighth, L. octavus. See Octave, n.] [Written
   also utis.]

   1.  (O.  Eng. Law) The eighth day after any term or feast; the octave;
   as, the utas of St. Michael. Cowell.

     The  marriage was celebrated and Canterbury, and in the utas of St.
     Hilary next ensuing she was crowned. Holinshed.

   2. Hence, festivity; merriment. [Obs.] Shak.


   U*ten"sil  (?;  277),  n.  [F.  utensile,  ustensile, L. utensile, fr.
   utensilis  that may be used, fit for use, fr. uti, p. p. usus, to use.
   See  Use,  v.  t.]  That  which  is used; an instrument; an implement;
   especially,  an instrument or vessel used in a kitchen, or in domestic
   and farming business.

     Wagons fraught with utensils of war. Milton.


   U"ter*ine  (?;  277),  a.  [L.  uterinus born of the same mother, from
   uterus womb: cf. F. ut\'82rin.]

   1. Of or instrument to the uterus, or womb.

   2. Born of the same mother, but by a different father.

     Walter Pope, uterine brother to Dr. Joh. WilkiWood.


   U`te*ro*ges*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [Uterus  + gestation.] Gestation in the
   womb from conception to birth; pregnancy. Pritchard.


   U`te*ro*vag"i*nal  (?),  n. [Uterus + vaginal.] Pertaining to both the
   uterus and the vagina.


   U"te*rus (?), n. [L.]

   1.  (Anat.)  The  organ  of  a  female  mammal  in which the young are
   developed previous to birth; the womb.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ut erus is  simply an enlargement of the oviduct,
     and  in  the  lower  mammals  there is one on each side, but in the
     higher  forms  the  two  become more or less completely united into
     one.  In  many  male mammals there is a small vesicle, opening into
     the  urinogenital  canal,  which  corresponds  to the uterus of the
     female and is called the male uterus, or [NL.] uterus masculinus.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  A receptacle, or pouch, connected with the oviducts of
   many  invertebrates in which the eggs are retained until they hatch or
   until  the  embryos develop more or less. See Illust. of Hermaphrodite
   in Append.


   Utes  (?),  n.  pl.;  sing. Ute. (Ethnol.) An extensive tribe of North
   American Indians of the Shoshone stock, inhabiting Colorado, Utah, New
   Mexico,  Arizona,  and  adjacent  regions.  They  are  subdivided into
   several  subordinate tribes, some of which are among the most degraded
   of North American Indians.


   U"ti*a  (?),  n.  [NL.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  species of large West Indian
   rodents  of  the  genus  Capromys,  or Utia. In general appearance and
   habits they resemble rats, but they are as large as rabbits.


   U"ti*ca  (?),  a.  [So  called  from  Utica, in New York.] (Geol.) Of,
   pertaining  to, or designating, a subdivision of the Trenton Period of
   the  Lower Silurian, characterized in the State of New York by beds of


   U"tile  (?),  a. [L. utilis, fr. uti to use: cf. F. utile. See Use, v.
   t.] Profitable; useful. [Obs.]


   U*til`i*ta"ri*an (?), a. [See Utility.]

   1. Of or pertaining to utility; consisting in utility; as, utilitarian
   narrowness; a utilitarian indifference to art.

   2.  Of or pertaining to utilitarianism; supporting utilitarianism; as,
   the utilitarian view of morality; the Utilitarian Society. J. S. Mill.


   U*til`i*ta"ri*an (?), n. One who holds the doctrine of utilitarianism.

     The  utilitarians  are  for merging all the particular virtues into
     one,  and  would substitute in their place the greatest usefulness,
     as  the  alone  principle  to  which  every question respecting the
     morality of actions should be referred. Chalmers.

     But what is a utilitarian? Simply one who prefers the useful to the
     useless; and who does not? Sir W. Hamilton.


   U*til`i*ta"ri*an*ism (?), n.

   1.  The  doctrine  that  the greatest happiness of the greatest number
   should  be  the  end and aim of all social and political institutions.

   2.  The  doctrine that virtue is founded in utility, or that virtue is
   defined  and enforced by its tendency to promote the highest happiness
   of the universe. J. S. Mill.

   3. The doctrine that utility is the sole standard of morality, so that
   the rectitude of an action is determined by its usefulness.


   U*til"i*ty  (?),  n.  [OE.  utilite,  F.  utilit\'82, L. utilitas, fr.
   utilis useful. See Utile.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state of being useful; usefulness; production of
   good;  profitableness  to some valuable end; as, the utility of manure
   upon land; the utility of the sciences; the utility of medicines.

     The  utility  of the enterprises was, however, so great and obvious
     that all opposition proved useless. Macaulay.

   2.  (Polit.  Econ.)  Adaptation  to  satisfy  the  desires  or  wants;
   intrinsic value. See Note under Value, 2.

     Value in use is utility, and nothing else, and in political economy
     should be called by that name and no other. F. A. Walker.

   3. Happiness; the greatest good, or happiness, of the greatest number,
   --  the  foundation of utilitarianism. J. S. Mill. Syn. -- Usefulness;
   advantageous; benefit; profit; avail; service. -- Utility, Usefulness.
   Usefulness  has an Anglo-Saxon prefix, utility is Latin; and hence the
   former  is used chiefly of things in the concrete, while the latter is
   employed  more  in a general and abstract sense. Thus, we speak of the
   utility  of an invention, and the usefulness of the thing invented; of
   the utility of an institution, and the usefulness of an individual. So
   beauty  and  utility  (not  usefulness)  are  brought into comparison.
   Still, the words are often used interchangeably.


   U"til*i`za*ble  (?),  a. Capable of being utilized; as, the utilizable
   products of the gas works.


   U`til*i*za"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. utilization.] The act of utilizing, or
   the state of being utilized.


   U"til*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Utilized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Utilizing  (?).]  [Cf.  F.  utiliser.]  To  make  useful;  to  turn to
   profitable  account  or  use; to make use of; as, to utilize the whole
   power of a machine; to utilize one's opportunities.

     In  former  ages,  the  mile-long  corridors,  with  their numerous
     alcoves, might have been utilized as . . . dungeons. Hawthorne.

                                Uti possidetis

   U`ti pos`si*de"tis (?). [L., as you possess.]

   1.  (Internat.  Law)  The  basis or principle of a treaty which leaves
   belligerents  mutually  in  possession  of  what they have acquired by
   their arms during the war. Brande & C.

   2.  (Roman  Law)  A  species  of  interdict  granted to one who was in
   possession  of  an immovable thing, in order that he might be declared
   the legal possessor. Burrill.


   U"tis (?), n. See Utas. [Obs.]


   Ut"la*ry (?), n. Outlawry. [Obs.] Camden.


   Ut"most`  (?),  a. [OE. utmeste, utemest, AS. , a superlative fr. out.
   Out, and cf. Aftermost, Outmost, Uttermost.]

   1.  Situated  at  the  farthest point or extremity; farthest out; most
   distant; extreme; as, the utmost limits of the land; the utmost extent
   of human knowledge. Spenser.

     We  coasted within two leagues of Antibes, which is the utmost town
     in France. Evelyn.

     Betwixt two thieves I spend my utmost breath. Herbert.

   2.  Being  in the greatest or highest degree, quantity, number, or the
   like;  greatest;  as,  the  utmost  assiduity; the utmost harmony; the
   utmost misery or happiness.

     He shall answer . . . to his utmost peril. Shak.

     Six or seven thousand is their utmost power. Shak.


   Ut"most`,  n.  The  most that can be; the farthest limit; the greatest
   power, degree, or effort; as, he has done his utmost; try your utmost.

     We have tried the utmost of our friends. Shak.


   U*to"pi*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. not +

   1.  An  imaginary  island,  represented  by Sir Thomas More, in a work
   called  Utopia, as enjoying the greatest perfection in politics, laws,
   and the like. See Utopia, in the Dictionary of Noted Names in Fiction.

   2. Hence, any place or state of ideal perfection.


   U*to"pi*an  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to Utopia; resembling Utopia;
   hence,  ideal;  chimerical;  fanciful;  founded  upon,  or  involving,
   imaginary perfections; as, Utopian projects; Utopian happiness.


   U*to"pi*an, n. An inhabitant of Utopia; hence, one who believes in the
   perfectibility   of  human  society;  a  visionary;  an  idealist;  an
   optimist. Hooker.


   U*to"pi*an*ism  (?),  n.  The  ideas, views, aims, etc., of a Utopian;
   impracticable schemes of human perfection; optimism.


   U*to"pi*an*ist, n. An Utopian; an optimist.


   U*to"pic*al  (?), a. Utopian; ideal. [Obs.] "Utopical perfection." Bp.


   U*to"pist (?), n. A Utopian.


   U"tra*quist (?), n. [L. uterque, fem. utraque, both.] One who receives
   the  eucharist  in  both kinds; esp., one of a body of Hussites who in
   the  15th  century  fought  for  the  right  to  do  this. Called also


   U"tri*cle  (?),  n.  [L.  utriculus  a little womb, a calycle, dim. of
   uter,  utris,  a  bag  or  bottle  made  of  an  animal's hide: cf. F.

   1. A little sac or vesicle, as the air cell of fucus, or seaweed.

   2.  (Physiol.)  A microscopic cell in the structure of an egg, animal,
   or plant.

   3.  (Bot.)  A  small,  thin-walled, one-seeded fruit, as of goosefoot.

   4. (Anat.) A utriculus.


   U*tric"u*lar (?), a. [Cf. F. utriculaire.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  utricle,  or  utriculus; containing, or
   furnished  with,  a  utricle  or utricles; utriculate; as, a utricular

   2.  Resembling  a  utricle  or  bag,  whether large or minute; -- said
   especially  with  reference to the condition of certain substances, as
   sulphur,  selenium,  etc.,  when condensed from the vaporous state and
   deposited  upon  cold  bodies,  in  which case they assume the form of
   small globules filled with liquid.


   U*tric`u*la"ri*a  (?),  n.  [NL.]  (Bot.) A genus of aquatic flowering
   plants,  in  which  the submersed leaves bear many little utricles, or
   ascidia. See Ascidium,


   U*tric"u*late  (?),  a.  Resembling a bladder; swollen like a bladder;
   inflated; utricular. Dana.


   U*tric"u*loid  (?), a. [L. utriculus a little womb, a calycle + -oid.]
   Resembling a bladder; utricular; utriculate. Dana.


   U*tric"u*lus (?), n. [L., a little womb or matrix, a calycle.] (Anat.)
   A  little sac, or bag; a utricle; especially, a part of the membranous
   labyrinth of the ear. See the Note under Ear.


   U"tro-   (connection   with,   or  relation  to,  the  uterus;  as  in


   Ut"ter (?), a. [OE. utter, originally the same word as outer. See Out,
   and cf. Outer, Utmost.]

   1.  Outer.  "Thine  utter  eyen."  Chaucer. [Obs.] "By him a shirt and
   utter mantle laid." Chapman.

     As doth an hidden moth The inner garment fret, not th' utter touch.

   2.  Situated on the outside, or extreme limit; remote from the center;
   outer. [Obs.]

     Through utter and through middle darkness borne. Milton.

     The  very  utter  part  pf  Saint  Adelmes point is five miles from
     Sandwich. Holinshed.

   3.  Complete;  perfect; total; entire; absolute; as, utter ruin; utter

     They  . . . are utter strangers to all those anxious thoughts which
     disquiet mankind. Atterbury.

   4. Peremptory; unconditional; unqualified; final; as, an utter refusal
   or denial. Clarendon.
   Utter  bar  (Law), the whole body of junior barristers. See Outer bar,
   under  1st  Outer.  [Eng.]  --  Utter  barrister  (Law),  one recently
   admitted as barrister, who is accustomed to plead without, or outside,
   the  bar,  as  distinguished  from  the  benchers,  who  are sometimes
   permitted to plead within the bar. [Eng.] Cowell.
   Ut"ter,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Uttered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Uttering.]
   [OE.  outren,  freq. of outen to utter, put out, AS. &umac;tian to put
   out, eject, fr. &umac;t out. &root;198. See Out, and cf. Utter, a.] 

   1. To put forth or out; to reach out. [Obs.]

     How  bragly  [proudly] it begins to bud, And utter his tender head.

   2. To dispose of in trade; to sell or vend. [Obs.]

     Such  mortal drugs I have, but Mantua's law Is death to any he that
     utters them. Shak.

     They  bring  it  home,  and  utter  it  commonly  by  the  name  of
     Newfoundland fish. Abp. Abbot.

   3. hence, to put in circulation, as money; to put off, as currency; to
   cause  to  pass in trade; -- often used, specifically, of the issue of
   counterfeit  notes  or  coins, forged or fraudulent documents, and the
   like; as, to utter coin or bank notes.

     The  whole  kingdom  should  continue in a firm resolution never to
     receive or utter this fatal coin. Swift.

   4. To give public expression to; to disclose; to publish; to speak; to
   pronounce. "Sweet as from blest, uttering joy." Milton.

     The  words  I  utter Let none think flattery, for they 'll find 'em
     truth. Shak.

     And the last words he uttered called me cruel. Addison.

   Syn. -- To deliver; give forth; issue; liberate; discharge; pronounce.
   See Deliver.


   Ut"ter*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being uttered.


   Ut"ter*ance (?), n.

   1.  The  act of uttering. Specifically: -- (a) Sale by offering to the
   public. [Obs.] Bacon. (b) Putting in circulation; as, the utterance of
   false  coin,  or  of forged notes. (c) Vocal expression; articulation;

     At length gave utterance to these words. Milton.

   2. Power or style of speaking; as, a good utterance.

     They  .  .  . began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave
     them utterance. Acts ii. 4.

     O, how unlike To that large utterance of the early gods! Keats.


   Ut"ter*ance,  n.  [F. outrance. See Outrance.] The last extremity; the
   end; death; outrance. [Obs.]

     Annibal  forced  those  captives  whom  he  had taken of our men to
     skirmish one against another to the utterance. Holland.


   Ut"ter*er (?), n. One who utters. Spenser.


   Ut"ter*est, obs. superl. of Utter. Uttermost.

     To the utterest proof of her courage. Chaucer.


   Ut"ter*less, a. Incapable of being uttered. [Obs.]

     A clamoring debate of utterless things. Milton.


   Ut"ter*ly,  adv.  In  an  utter  manner;  to  the  full extent; fully;
   totally; as, utterly ruined; it is utterly vain.


   Ut"ter*more`  (?),  a. [Cf. Uttermost.] Further; outer; utter. [Obs. &
   R.] Holland.


   Ut"ter*most  (?),  a.  [From  Utter,  a.;  cf. Utmost, and Outermost.]
   Extreme;  utmost; being; in the farthest, greatest, or highest degree;
   as, the uttermost extent or end. "In this uttermost distress." Milton.

   Page 1590


   Ut"ter*most`  (?),  n. The utmost; the highest or greatest degree; the
   farthest extent. Tennyson.

     Wherefore  he  is able also to save them to the uttermost that come
     unto God by him. Heb. vii. 25.

     He cannot have sufficient honor done unto him; but the uttermost we
     can do, we must. Hooker.


   Ut"ter*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being utter, or extreme;
   extremity; utmost; uttermost. [R.]


   U"va  (?),  n.  [L.,  a  grape.]  (Bot.)  A small pulpy or juicy fruit
   containing several seeds and having a thin skin, as a grape.


   U"vate (?), n. [L. uva grape.] A conserve made of grapes.


   U`va-ur"si  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. L. uva grape + ursus bear.] (Bot.) The


   U"ve*a  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  L.  uva  grape.]  (Anat.)  The posterior
   pigmented  layer  of  the iris; -- sometimes applied to the whole iris
   together with the choroid coat.


   U"ve*ous (?), a. [See Uvea.] Resembling a grape.


   U"vic (?), a. [L. uva grape.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from,
   grapes; specifically, designating an organic acid, C7H8O3 (also called
   pyrotritartaric  acid),  obtained  as a white crystalline substance by
   the decomposition of tartaric and pyrotartaric acids.


   U*vit"ic  (?),  a.  [From  L. uva a grape. So called because it may be
   produced  indirectly from tartaric acid, which is found in the grape.]
   (Chem.)  Pertaining  to,  or  designating,  an  acid,  CH3C6H3(CO2H)2,
   obtained  as a white crystalline substance by the partial oxidation of
   mesitylene; -- called also mesitic acid.


   U`vi*ton"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Pertaining to, or designating, an acid
   which  is  obtained  as a white crystalline substance by the action of
   ammonia on pyrotartaric acid.


   U"vrou (?), n. See Euphroe.


   U"vu*la  (?),  n. [NL., dim of L. uva a grape, the uvula.] (Anat.) The
   pendent  fleshy lobe in the middle of the posterior border of the soft

     NOTE: &hand; The term is also applied to a somewhat similar lobe on
     the  under  side  of  the  cerebellum  and  to another on the inner
     surface of the neck of the bladder.


   U"vu*lar (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to a uvula.


   U"vu*la*tome  (?),  n. [Uvula + Gr. (Surg.) An instrument for removing
   the uvula.


   U`vu*lat"o*my (?), n. (Surg.) The operation of removing the uvula.


   U*wa"ro*wite (?), n. (Min.) Ouvarovite.


   Ux*o"ri*al  (?),  a.  [See  Uxorious.]  Dotingly fond of, or servilely
   submissive  to, a wife; uxorious; also, becoming a wife; pertaining to
   a wife. [R.]

     The speech [of Zipporah, Ex. iv. 25] is not a speech of reproach or
     indignation, but of uxorial endearment. Geddes.


   Ux*or"i*ci`dal  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to uxoricide; tending to


   Ux*or"i*cide (?), n. [L. uxor wife + caedere to kill.]

   1. The murder of a wife by her husband.

   2. One who murders his wife.


   Ux*o"ri*ous  (?),  a.  [L. uxorius, fr. uxor a wife.] Excessively fond
   of,  or  submissive  to,  a wife; being a dependent husband. "Uxorious
   magistrates." Milton.

     How  wouldst  thou insult, When I must live uxorious to thy will In
     perfect thraldom! Milton.

   -- Uxo*o"ri*ous*ly, adv. -- Ux*o"ri*ous*ness, n.


   U"ze*ma (?), n. A Burman measure of twelve miles. V.