Unabridged Dictionary - Letter Q

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   Q  (?),  the  seventeenth  letter of the English alphabet, has but one
   sound  (that  of  k),  and  is  always  followed by u, the two letters
   together being sounded like kw, except in some words in which the u is
   silent.  See  Guide  to  Pronunciation,  ž  249.  Q  is  not  found in
   Anglo-Saxon,  cw  being  used  instead of qu; as in cwic, quick; cwen,
   queen.  The  name  (k&umac;)  is from the French ku, which is from the
   Latin  name  of  the  same  letter;  its form is from the Latin, which
   derived  it,  through  a  Greek  alphabet,  from the Ph&oe;nician, the
   ultimate origin being Egyptian. Etymologically, q or qu is most nearly
   related to a (ch, tch), p, q, and wh; as in cud, quid, L. equus, ecus,
   horse,  Gr.  equine,  hippic;  L.  quod  which, E. what; L. aquila, E.
   eaqle; E. kitchen, OE. kichene, AS. cycene, L. coquina.


   Qua (?), conj. [L., abl. of qui who.] In so far as; in the capacity or
   character of; as.

     It  is  with  Shelley's biographers qua biographers that we have to
     deal. London Spectator.


   Quab (?), n. [Cf. D. kwab eelpout, Dan. quabbe, G. quabbe, quappe, LG.
   quabbe  a fat lump of flesh, and L. capito a kind of fish with a large
   head,  fr.  caput  the head, also E. squab.] An unfledged bird; hence,
   something immature or unfinished. Ford.


   Quab, v. i. See Quob, v. i.


   Qua"-bird`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  American night heron. See under


   Qua"cha (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The quagga.


   Quack (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Qvacked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Quacking.]
   [Of  imitative  origin; cf. D. kwaken, G. quacken, quaken, Icel. kvaka
   to twitter.]

   1. To utter a sound like the cry of a duck.

   2.  To  make  vain  and  loud  pretensions;  to  boast.  " To quack of
   universal cures." Hudibras.

   3. To act the part of a quack, or pretender.


   Quack, n.

   1.  The  cry  of  the  duck,  or a sound in imitation of it; a hoarse,
   quacking noise. Chaucer.

   2.  [Cf.  Quacksalver.]  A  boastful  pretender  to  medical skill; an
   empiric; an ignorant practitioner.

   3.  Hence,  one  who  boastfully pretends to skill or knowledge of any
   kind not possessed; a charlatan.

     Quacks political; quacks scientific, academical. Carlyle.


   Quack,  a. Pertaining to or characterized by, boasting and pretension;
   used  by  quacks; pretending to cure diseases; as, a quack medicine; a
   quack doctor.


   Quack"er*y  (?),  n.;  pl.  Quackeries  (. The acts, arts, or boastful
   pretensions  of  a  quack;  false  pretensions to any art; empiricism.

                                  Quack grass

   Quack" grass` (?). (Bot.) See Quitch grass.


   Quack"ish,  a.  Like  a  quack;  boasting;  characterized by quackery.


   Quack"ism (?), n. Quackery. Carlyle.


   Quac"kle  (?),  v. i. & t. [imp. & p. p. Quackled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Quackling (?).] [Cf.Querken.] To suffocate; to choke. [Prov. Eng.]


   Quack"sal*ver (?), n. [D. kwakzalver; cf. kwakzalven to quack or boast
   of  one's salves. See Quack, Salve, n.] One who boasts of his skill in
   medicines  and  salves,  or  of  the  efficacy of his prescriptions; a
   charlatan; a quack; a mountebank. [Obs.] Burton.

                                  Quad, Quade

   Quad (?), Quade (?), a. [Akin to AS. cw&aemac;d, cwead, dung, evil, G.
   kot,  dung,  OHG.  qu\'bet.]  Evil;  bad;  baffling; as, a quade wind.

     Sooth play, quad play, as the Fleming saith. Chaucer.


   Quad, n. (Print.) A quadrat.


   Quad, n. (Arch.) A quadrangle; hence, a prison. [Cant or Slang]


   Quad"ra  (?),  n.;  pl.  Quadr\'91  (#).  [L.,  a square, the socle, a
   platband,  a fillet.] (Arch.) (a) The plinth, or lowest member, of any
   pedestal, podium, water table, or the like. (b) A fillet, or listel.


   Quad"ra*ble  (?),  a.[See  Quadrate.]  (Math.) That may be sqyared, or
   reduced  to  an  equivalent square; -- said of a surface when the area
   limited  by  a  curve  can be exactly found, and expressed in a finite
   number of algebraic terms.


   Quad`ra*ge*na"ri*ous  (?), a. [L. quadragenarius, fr. qyadrageni forty
   each.] Consisting of forty; forty years old.


   Quad"ra*gene  (?),  n.  [LL. quadragena, fr. L. quadrageni forty each,
   akin  to  quadraginta forty.] (R. C. Ch.) An indulgence of forty days,
   corresponding to the forty days of ancient canonical penance.


   Quad`ra*ges"i*ma  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr.  quadragesimus the fortieth, fr.
   quadraginta forty; akin to quattuor four. See Four.] (Eccl.) The forty
   days  of  fast  preceding Easter; Lent. Quadragesima Sunday, the first
   Sunday in Lent, about forty days before Easter.


   Quad`ra*ges"i*mal  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  quadrag\'82simal.] Belonging to
   Lent; used in Lent; Lenten.


   Quad`ra*ges"i*mals  (?),  n. pl. Offerings formerly made to the mother
   church of a diocese on Mid-Lent Sunday.


   Quad"ran`gle (?), n. [F., fr. L. quadrangulum; quattuor four + angulus
   an angle. See Four, and Angle a corner.]

   1.  (Geom.)  A  plane figure having four angles, and consequently four
   sides; any figure having four angles.

   2.  A square or quadrangular space or inclosure, such a space or court
   surrounded  by  buildings,  esp.  such  a court in a college or public
   school in England.


   Quad*ran"gu*lar  (?),  a. [Cf. F. quadrangulaire.] Having four angles,
   and consequently four sides; tetragonal. -- Quad*ran"gu*lar*ly, adv.


   Quad"rans (?), n.; pl. Quadrantes (#). [L.]

   1. (Rom. Antiq.) A fourth part of the coin called an as. See 3d As, 2.

   2. The fourth of a penny; a farthing. See Cur.


   Quad"rant  (?),  n. [L. quadrans, -antis, a fourth part, a fourth of a
   whole,  fr.  quattuor four: cf. F. quadrant, cadran. See Four, and cf.

   1. The fourth part; the quarter. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

   2.  (Geom.)  The  quarter  of  a  circle, or of the circumference of a
   circle, an arc of 90░, or one subtending a right angle at the center.

   3.  (Anal. (Geom.) One of the four parts into which a plane is divided
   by  the  co\'94rdinate  axes.  The  upper right-hand part is the first
   quadrant;  the  upper  left-hand  part the second; the lower left-hand
   part the third; and the lower right-hand part the fourth quadrant.

   4.  An  instrument  for measuring altitudes, variously constructed and
   mounted  for different specific uses in astronomy, surveying, gunnery,
   etc.,  consisting commonly of a graduated arc of 90░, with an index or
   vernier,  and  either plain or telescopic sights, and usually having a
   plumb  line  or  spirit  level  for  fixing the vertical or horizontal
   Gunner's  quadrant, an instrument consisting of a graduated limb, with
   a  plumb  line or spirit level, and an arm by which it is applied to a
   cannon  or  mortar  in  adjusting  it  to  the  elevation required for
   attaining  the  desired  range.  --  Gunter's  quadrant.  See Gunter's
   quadrant, in the Vocabulary. Hadley's quadrant, a hand instrument used
   chiefly  at  sea to measure the altitude of the sun or other celestial
   body  in ascertaining the vessel's position. It consists of a frame in
   the  form  of  an octant having a graduated scale upon its arc, and an
   index  arm,  or alidade pivoted at its apex. Mirrors, called the index
   glass  and the horizon glass, are fixed one upon the index arm and the
   other upon one side of the frame, respectively. When the instrument is
   held  upright, the index arm may be swung so that the index glass will
   reflect  an  image  of  the  sun  upon the horizon glass, and when the
   reflected  image of the sun coincides, to the observer's eye, with the
   horizon as seen directly through an opening at the side of the horizon
   glass,  the  index  shows  the  sun's altitude upon the scale; -- more
   properly,  but  less  commonly,  called  an  octant.  --  Quadrant  of
   altitude,  an  appendage of the artificial globe, consisting of a slip
   of  brass  of  the length of a quadrant of one of the great circles of
   the  globe, and graduated. It may be fitted to the meridian, and being
   movable  round  to  all  points  of  the horizon, serves as a scale in
   measuring altitudes, azimuths, etc.


   Quad*ran"tal  (?),  a.  [L.  quadrantalis containing the fourth fourth
   part  of  a  measure.]  (Geom.)  Of or pertaining to a quadrant; also,
   included  in  the  fourth  part  of  a  circle;  as, quadrantal space.
   Quadrantal  triangle,  a spherical triangle having one side equal to a
   quadrant  or arc of 90░. -- Quadrantal versor, a versor that expresses
   rotation through one right angle.


   Quad*ran"tal, n. [L.]

   1.  (Rom. Antiq.) A cubical vessel containing a Roman cubic foot, each
   side being a Roman square foot; -- used as a measure.

   2. A cube. [R.]


   Quad"rat (?), n. [F. quadrat, cadrat. See Quadrate.]

   1.  (Print.)  A block of type metal lower than the letters, -- used in
   spacing and in blank lines. [Abbrev. quad.]

   2.  An  old  instrument  used  for  taking  altitudes;  -- called also
   geometrical square, and line of shadows.


   Quad"rate  (?),  a.  [L.  quadratus squared, p. p. of quadrare to make
   four-cornered,  to  make square, to square, to fit, suit, from quadrus
   square, quattuor four. See Quadrant, and cf. Quadrat, Quarry an arrow,

   1.  Having  four  equal  sides,  the opposite sides parallel, and four
   right angles; square.

     Figures, some round, some triangle, some quadrate. Foxe.

   2.  Produced by multiplying a number by itself; square. " Quadrate and
   cubical numbers." Sir T. Browne.

   3.  Square;  even;  balanced;  equal;  exact.  [Archaic] " A quadrate,
   solid, wise man." Howell.

   4. Squared; suited; correspondent. [Archaic] " A generical description
   quadrate to both." Harvey.
   Quadrate  bone  (Anat.),  a bone between the base of the lower jaw and
   the skull in most vertebrates below the mammals. In reptiles and birds
   it  articulates  the  lower  jaw  with  the  skull;  in  mammals it is
   represented by the malleus or incus.


   Quad"rate (?), n. [L. quadratum. See Quadrate, a.]

   1.  (Geom.)  A  plane  surface  with  four  equal sides and four right
   angles;  a square; hence, figuratively, anything having the outline of
   a square.

     At  which  command,  the  powers militant That stood for heaven, in
     mighty quadrate joined. Milton.

   2.  (Astrol.)  An  aspect  of  the  heavenly  bodies in which they are
   distant from each other 90░, or the quarter of a circle; quartile. See
   the Note under Aspect, 6.

   3. (Anat.) The quadrate bone.


   Quad"rate  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Quadrated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Quadrating.]  [See  Quadrate,  a.]  To  square;  to agree; to suit; to
   correspond; -- followed by with. [Archaic]

     The  objections  of these speculatists of its forms do not quadrate
     with their theories. Burke.


   Quad"rate,  v. t. To adjust (a gun) on its carriage; also, to train (a
   gun) for horizontal firing.


   Quad*rat"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. quadratique.]

   1. Of or pertaining to a square, or to squares; resembling a quadrate,
   or square; square.

   2. (Crystallog.) Tetragonal.

   3.  (Alg.)  Pertaining  to terms of the second degree; as, a quadratic
   equation,  in  which  the  highest  power of the unknown quantity is a


   Quad*rat"ics  (?),  n.  (Alg.)  That branch of algebra which treats of
   quadratic equations.


   Quad*ra`to*ju"gal (?), a. (Anat.) (a) Of or pertaining to the quadrate
   and jugal bones. (b) Of or pertaining to the quadratojugal bone. -- n.
   The quadratojugal bone. Quadratojugal bone (Anat.), a bone at the base
   of the lower jaw in many animals.


   Quad*ra"trix (?), n.; pl. -trixes (#), or -trices (#). [NL.] (Geom.) A
   curve  made  use  of  in  the  quadrature  of  other  curves;  as  the
   quadratrix, of Dinostratus, or of Tschirnhausen.


   Quad"ra*ture  (?), n. [L. quadratura: cf. F. quadrature. See Quadrate,

   1.  (Math.)  The  act  of squaring; the finding of a square having the
   same  area  as  some given curvilinear figure; as, the quadrature of a
   circle;  the  operation  of  finding  an  expression for the area of a
   figure  bounded wholly or in part by a curved line, as by a curve, two
   ordinates, and the axis of abscissas.

   2. A quadrate; a square. Milton.

   3. (Integral Calculus) The integral used in obtaining the area bounded
   by  a  curve;  hence,  the  definite  integral  of  the product of any
   function of one variable into the differential of that variable.

   4.  (Astron.)  The position of one heavenly body in respect to another
   when  distant  from it 90░, or a quarter of a circle, as the moon when
   at an equal distance from the points of conjunction and opposition.
   Quadrature  of  the  moon (Astron.), the position of the moon when one
   half  of the disk is illuminated. -- Quadrature of an orbit (Astron.),
   a  point  in an orbit which is at either extremity of the latus rectum
   drawn through the empty focus of the orbit.


   Quad"rel  (?),  n.  [It.  quadrello,  LL.  quadrellus,  fr. L. quadrus
   square. See Quadrate, and cf. Quarrel an arrow.]

   1. A square piece of turf or peat. [Prov. Eng.]

   2. A square brick, tile, or the like.


   Quad*ren"ni*al  (?),  a.  [L.  quadriennium  a  space  of  four years;
   quattuor  four  +  annus  year;  cf. L. quadriennis. See Quadrate, and

   1. Comprising four years; as, a quadrennial period.

   2.  Occurring  once  in four years, or at the end of every four years;
   as, quadrennial games.


   Quad*ren"ni*al*ly, adv. Once in four years.


   Quad*ren"ni*um  (?),  n.  [NL.  See Quadrennial.] A space or period of
   four years.


   Quad"ri-  (?).  [L.,  from  quattuor four. See Four.] A combining form
   meaning  four,  four  times, fourfold; as, quadricapsular, having four


   Quad`ri*ba"sic (?), a. [Quadri- + basic.] (Chem.) Same as Tetrabasic.


   Quad"ri*ble (?), a. Quadrable. [R.]


   Quad"ric (?), a. (Math.) Of or pertaining to the second degree.


   Quad"ric,  n.  (a) (Alg.) A quantic of the second degree. See Quantic.
   (b)  (Geom.)  A  surface  whose  equation in three variables is of the
   second    degree.   Spheres,   spheroids,   ellipsoids,   paraboloids,
   hyperboloids,  also  cones  and  cylinders  with  circular  bases, are


   Quad`ri*cap"su*lar  (?),  a.  [Quadri- + capsular.] (Bot.) Having four


   Quad"ri*ceps (?), n. [NL., fr. L. qyattuor four + caput head.] (Anat.)
   The  great  extensor muscle of the knee, divided above into four parts
   which unite in a single tendon at the knee.


   Quad`ri*cip"i*tal (?), n. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the quadriceps.


   Quad"ri*corn (?), n. [See Quadricornous.] (Zo\'94l.) Any quadricornous


   Quad`ri*cor"nous   (?),   a.   [Quadri-   +  L.  cornu  horn:  cf.  F.
   quadricorne.]  (Zo\'94l.) Having four horns, or hornlike organs; as, a
   quadricornous beetle.


   Quad`ri*cos"tate (?), a. [Quadri- + costate.] Having four ribs.

   Page 1172


   Quad`ri*den"tate (?), a. [Quadri- + dentate.] Having four teeth; as, a
   quadridentate leaf.


   Quad`ri*en"ni*al (?), a. Same as Quadrennial.


   Quad`ri*fa"ri*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  quadrifarius  fourfold, fr. quattuor
   four:  cf. F. quadrifari\'82. Cf. Multifarious.] Arranged in four rows
   or ranks; as, quadrifarious leaves. Loudon.


   Quad"ri*fid  (?),  a.  [L.  quadrifidus;  quattuor  four  + findere to
   cleave: cf. F. quadrifide.] Divided, or deeply cleft, into four parts;
   as, a quadrifid perianth; a quadrifid leaf.

                           Quadrifoil, Quadrifoliate

   Quad"ri*foil  (?),  Quad`ri*fo"li*ate  (?),  a.  [Quadri-  + L. folium
   leaf.] (Bot.) Four-leaved; having the leaves in whorls of four.


   Quad`ri*fur"ca*ted (?), a. [Quadri- + furcated.] Having four forks, or


   Quad*ri"ga  (?), n.; pl. Quadrig\'91 (#). [L. See Quadrijugous.] (Rom.
   Antiq.) A car or chariot drawn by four horses abreast.

                         Quadrigeminal, Quadrigeminous

   Quad`ri*gem"i*nal (?), Quad`ri*gem"i*nous (?), a. [Quadri- + L. gemini
   twins.]  Fourfold;  having four similar parts, or two pairs of similar
   parts.   Quadrigeminal   bodies   (Anat.),  two  pairs  of  lobes,  or
   elevations,  on  the  dorsal side of the midbrain of most mammals; the
   optic lobes. The anterior pair are called the nates, and the posterior
   the testes.
   Quad`ri*ge*na"ri*ous (?), a. [L. quadrigeni, quadringeni, four hundred
   each.] Consisting of four hundred.
   Quad*rij"u*gate (?), a. Same as Quadrijugous.
   Quad*rij"u*gous  (?),  a.  [L. quadrijugus of a team of four; quattuor
   four + jugum yoke.] (Bot.) Pinnate, with four pairs of leaflets; as, a
   quadrijugous leaf. 


   Quad`ri*lat"er*al  (?),  a. [L. quadrilaterus: cf. F. quadrilat\'8are,
   quadrilat\'82ral.  See  Quadri-  and  Lateral.] Having four sides, and
   consequently four angles; quadrangular.


   Quad`ri*lat"er*al, n.

   1.  (Geom.)  A  plane  figure having four sides, and consequently four
   angles; a quadrangular figure; any figure formed by four lines.

   2.  An area defended by four fortresses supporting each other; as, the
   Venetian  quadrilateral,  comprising  Mantua,  Peschiera,  Verona, and
   Complete quadrilateral (Geom.), the figure made up of the six straight
   lines  that  can  be drawn through four points, A., B, C, I, the lines
   being  supposed  to  be  produced  indefinitely. <-- reference is to a
   figure of a complete quadrilateral. -->


   Quad`ri*lat"er*al*ness, n. The property of being quadrilateral.


   Quad`ri*lit"er*al  (?),  a.  [Quadri-  +  literal.] Consisting of four


   Qua*drille"  (?), n. [F. quadrille, n. fem., fr. Sp. cuadrilla meeting
   of  four  or more persons or It. quadriglia a band of soldiers, a sort
   of  dance;  dim.  fr.  L.  quadra  a  square,  fr.  quattuor four. See

   1.  A  dance  having  five  figures,  in  common time, four couples of
   dancers being in each set.

   2. The appropriate music for a quadrille.


   Qua*drille",  n.  [F.  quadrille,  n.  masc.,  cf.  It. quadriglio; or
   perhaps  from  the  Spanish.  See Quadrille a dance.] A game played by
   four persons with forty cards, being the remainder of an ordinary pack
   after the tens, nines, and eights are discarded. Hoyle.


   Quad*ril"lion  (?), n. [F., fr. L. quater four times, akin to quattuor
   four,  E.  four; -- formed like million. See Four, Million.] According
   to  the French notation, which is followed also upon the Continent and
   in  the  United States, a unit with fifteen ciphers annexed; according
   to the English notation, the number produced by involving a million to
   the fourth power, or the number represented by a unit with twenty-four
   ciphers annexed. See the Note under Numeration.

                           Quadrilobate, Quadrilobed

   Quad`ri*lo"bate  (?),  Quad`ri*lobed  (?),  a. [Quadri- + lobe: cf. F.
   quadrilob\'82.] Having four lobes; as, a quadrilobate leaf.


   Quad`ri*loc"u*lar (?), a. [Quadri- + locular: cf. F. quadriloculaire.]
   Having four cells, or cavities; as, a quadrilocular heart.


   Quad"rin  (?), n. [OF., fr. L. quadrini four each, fr. quattuor four.]
   A  small  piece  of  money, in value about a farthing, or a half cent.


   Quad`ri*nod"al  (?),  a.  [Quadri-  +  nodal.] (Math.) Possessing four
   nodes; as, quadrinodal curves.


   Quad`ri*no"mi*al  (?),  n.  [Quadri-  + nomial, as in binomial: cf. F.
   quadrin\'93me.]  (Alg.)  A  polynomial  of four terms connected by the
   signs plus or minus.


   Quad`ri*nom"ic*al (?), a. Quadrinomial.


   Quad`ri*nom"i*nal  (?),  a.  [Quadri- + nominal.] (Alg.) Quadrinomial.
   Sir W. R. Hamilton.


   Quad*rip"ar*tite (?), a. [L. quadripartitus, p. p. of quadripartire to
   divide  into  four  parts;  quattuor  four + partire to divide: cf. F.
   quadripartite.] Divided into four parts.


   Quad*rip"ar*tite*ly, adv. In four parts.


   Quad`ri*par*ti"tion    (?),    n.    [L.    quadripartitio:   cf.   F.
   quadripartition.]  A  division  or  distribution by four, or into four
   parts; also, a taking the fourth part of any quantity or number.


   Quad`ri*pen"nate  (?),  a. [Quadri- + pennate.] (Zo\'94l.) Having four
   wings; -- said of insects.


   Quad*riph"yl*lous  (?),  a.  [Quadri  + Gr. (Bot.) Having four leaves;


   Quad"ri*reme  (?),  n.  [L. quadriremis; quattuor four + remus an oar:
   cf.  F.  quadrir\'8ame.]  (Antiq.) A galley with four banks of oars or


   Quad`ri*sec"tion  (?), n. [Quadri- + section.] A subdivision into four


   Quad`ri*sul"cate  (?),  a.  [Quadri + sulcate.] (Zo\'94l.) Having four
   hoofs; as, a quadrisulcate foot; a quadrisulcate animal.

                       Quadrisyllabic, Quadri-syllabical

   Quad`ri*syl*lab"ic    (?),   Quad`ri-syl*lab"ic*al   (?),Having   four
   syllables;  of  or pertaining to quadrisyllables; as, a quadrisyllabic


   Quad`ri*syl"la*ble (?), n. [Quadri- + syllable: cf. F. quadrisyllabe.]
   A word consisting of four syllables. De Quincey.


   Quad*riv"a*lence  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  The  quality  or  state  of being
   quadrivalent; tetravalence.


   Quad*riv"a*lent  (?),  a.  [Quadri-  +  L.  valens, -entis, p. pr. See
   Valence.] (Chem.) Having a valence of four; capable of combining with,
   being replaced by, or compared with, four monad atoms; tetravalent; --
   said  of  certain  atoms  and  radicals;  thus, carbon and silicon are
   quadrivalent elements.


   Quad"ri*valve  (?),  a.  [Quadri- + valve: cf. F. quadrivalve.] (Bot.)
   Dehiscent  into  four  similar  parts;  four-valved; as, a quadrivalve


   Quad"ri*valve,  n.  (Arch.)  A door, shutter, or the like, having four


   Quad`ri*val"vu*lar (?), a. Having four valves; quadrivalve.


   Quad*riv"i*al  (?),  a.  [L.  quadrivium a place where four ways meet;
   quattuor  four  +  via  way.]  Having four ways meeting in a point. B.


   Quad*riv"i*al,  n.  One  of  the  four  "liberal  arts"  making up the


   Quad*riv"i*um (?), n. [L.] The four "liberal arts," arithmetic, music,
   geometry, and astronomy; -- so called by the schoolmen. See Trivium.


   Quad*roon"  (?),  n.  [F.  quarteron,  or Sp. cuarteron. See Quarter a
   fourth  part,  and  cf.  Quarteron.]  The offspring of a mulatto and a
   white  person;  a  person  quarter-blooded.  [Written  also quarteron,
   quarteroon, and quateron.]


   Quad*rox"ide (?), n. [Quadri- + oxide.] (Chem.) A tetroxide. [R.]


   Quad*ru"ma*na  (?), n. pl. [NL. See Quadrumane.] (Zo\'94l.) A division
   of  the Primates comprising the apes and monkeys; -- so called because
   the  hind  foot  is  usually  prehensile,  and the great toe opposable
   somewhat  like  a  thumb.  Formerly  the Quadrumana were considered an
   order distinct from the Bimana, which last included man alone.


   Quad"ru*mane  (?),  n.  [L.  quattuor  four  +  manus  a  hand: cf. F.
   quadrumane.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the Quadrumana.


   Quad*ru"ma*nous (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Having four hands; of or pertaining
   to the Quadrumana.


   Quad"ru*ped (?), a. [L. quadrupes, -pedis; quattuor four + pes, pedis,
   a  foot:  cf.  F.  quadrup\'8ade. See Quadrate, and Foot.] Having four


   Quad"ru*ped, n. (Zo\'94l.) An animal having four feet, as most mammals
   and reptiles; -- often restricted to the mammals.


   Quad*ru"pe*dal  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Having four feet; of or pertaining
   to a quadruped.


   Quad"ru*ple  (?),  a.  [L.  quadruplus,  from  quattuor  four:  cf. F.
   quadruple.  See  Quadrate,  and  cf.  Double.]  Fourfold;  as, to make
   quadruple  restitution;  a  quadruple alliance. Quadruple time (Mus.),
   that in which each measure is divided into four equal parts.


   Quad"ru*ple,  n. [Cf. F. quadruple, L. quadruplum.] four times the sum
   or  number;  a  fourfold  amount;  as,  to receive to quadruple of the
   amount in damages.


   Quad"ru*ple,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Quadrupled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Quadrupling  (?).] [L. quadruplare: cf. F. quadrupler.] To multiply by
   four; to increase fourfold; to double; to double twice. A. Smith.


   Quad"ru*ple,  v. i. To be multiplied by four; to increase fourfold; to
   become four times as much.


   Quad"ru*plex  (?),  a.  [L.,  from  quattuor  four + plicare to fold.]
   Fourfold;   folded  or  doubled  twice.  Quadruplex  system  (Electric
   Telegraph),  a  system  by which four messages, two in each direction,
   may be sent simultaneously over the wire.


   Quad*ru"pli*cate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Quadruplicated (?); p. pr. &
   vb.  n.  Quadruplicating.] [L. quadruplicatus, p. p. of quadruplicare,
   fr.  quadrupleQuadruplex.]  To  make  fourfold;  to  double  twice; to


   Quad*ru"pli*cate (?), a. [L. quadruplicatus, p. p.]

   1.  Fourfold;  doubled twice; four times repeated; as, a quadruplicate
   ratio, or a quadruplicate proportion.

   2. (Math.) Raised to the fourth power. [R.]


   Quad`ru*pli*ca"tion    (?),    n.    [L.    quadruplicatio:   cf.   F.
   quadruplication.]  The act of making fourfold; a taking four times the
   simple sum or amount.


   Quad"ru*ply (?), adv. To a fourfold quantity; so as to be, or cause to
   be, quadruple; as, to be quadruply recompensed.


   Qu\'91"re  (?),  v.  imperative. [L., imperative of quaerere to seek.]
   Inquire;  question;  see;  --  used  to  signify  doubt  or to suggest


   Qu\'91s"tor (?), n. [L.] Same as Questor.


   Quaff (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Quaffed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Quaffing.]
   [For  quach,  fr.  Gael.  &  Ir. cuach a drinking cup; cf. L. caucus a
   drinking vessel. Cf. Quaigh.] To drink with relish; to drink copiously
   of; to swallow in large draughts. "Quaffed off the muscadel." Shak.

     They  eat, they drink, and in communion sweet Quaff immortality and
     joy. Milton.


   Quaff (?), v. i. To drink largely or luxuriously.

     Twelve  days  the  gods  their  solemn  revels keep, And quaff with
     blameless Ethiops in the deep. Dryden.


   Quaff"er (?), n. One who quaffs, or drinks largely.


   Quag  (?),  n. A quagmire. [R.] "Crooked or straight, through quags or
   thorny dells." Cowper.


   Quag"ga  (?),  n.  [Hottentot.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  South African wild ass
   (Equus,  OR  Hippotigris,  quagga). The upper parts are reddish brown,
   becoming paler behind and behind and beneath, with dark stripes on the
   face, neck, and fore part of the body.<-- now extinct? -->


   Quag"gy  (?),  a.[See  Quag,  Quagmire.]  Of the nature of a quagmire;
   yielding  or  trembling  under  the  foot, as soft, wet earth; spongy;
   boggy. "O'er the watery strath, or quaggy moss." Collins.


   Quag"mire`  (?), n. [Quake + mire.] Soft, wet, miry land, which shakes
   or  yields  under  the  feet.  "A  spot surrounded by quagmires, which
   rendered it difficult of access." Palfrey. Syn. -- Morass; marsh; bog;
   swamp; fen; slough.

                                Quahog, Quahaug

   Qua"hog,   Qua"haug   (?),   n.   [Abbrev.   fr.  Narragansett  Indian
   poqua\'96hock.] (Zo\'94l.) An American market clam (Venus mercenaria).
   It  is  sold in large quantities, and is highly valued as food. Called
   also round clam, and hard clam.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e na me is also applied to other allied species, as
     Venus Mortoni of the Gulf of Mexico.

                                Quaigh, Quaich

   Quaigh, Quaich (?), n. [Gael.cuach. Cf. Quaff.] A small shallow cup or
   drinking vessel. [Scot.] [Written also quegh.]


   Quail (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Qualled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Qualling.]
   [AS.cwelan to die, perish; akin to cwalu violent death, D. kwaal pain,
   G.  qual  torment, OHG. quelan to suffer torment, Lith. gelti to hurt,
   gela pain. Cf. Quell.]

   1. To die; to perish; hence, to wither; to fade. [Obs.] Spenser.

   2.  To  become  quelled;  to  become cast down; to sink under trial or
   apprehension of danger; to lose the spirit and power of resistance; to
   lose heart; to give way; to shrink; to cower.

     The  atheist  power  shall quail, and confess his fears. I. Taylor.
     Stouter hearts than a woman's have quailed in this terrible winter.

   Syn.  --  to  cower;  flinch; shrink; quake; tremble; blench; succumb;


   Quail,  v.  t.  [Cf.  Quell.]  To cause to fail in spirit or power; to
   quell; to crush; to subdue. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Quail,  v.  i.  [OF.  coaillier,  F.  cailler,  from L. coagulare. See
   Coagulate.] To curdle; to coagulate, as milk. [Obs.] Holland.


   Quail,  n.  [OF.  quaille, F. caille, LL. quaquila, qualia, qualea, of
   Dutch  or  German  origin;  cf.  D. kwakkel, kwartel, OHG. wahtala, G.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.) Any gallinaceous bird belonging to Coturnix and several
   allied  genera  of the Old World, especially the common European quail
   (C. communis), the rain quail (C. Coromandelica) of India, the stubble
   quail  (C.  pectoralis),  and  the  Australian  swamp  quail (Synoicus

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  several American partridges belonging to
   Colinus,  Callipepla,  and  allied  genera,  especially  the  bobwhite
   (called  Virginia quail, and Maryland quail), and the California quail
   (Calipepla Californica).

   3. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of Turnix and allied genera,
   native  of  the  Old  World,  as  the Australian painted quail (Turnix
   varius). See Turnix.

   4.  A  prostitute;  -- so called because the quail was thought to be a
   very amorous bird.[Obs.] Shak.
   Bustard quail (Zo\'94l.), a small Asiatic quail-like bird of the genus
   Turnix,  as T. taigoor, a black-breasted species, and the hill bustard
   quail  (T.  ocellatus). See Turnix. -- Button quail (Zo\'94l.), one of
   several  small Asiatic species of Turnix, as T. Sykesii, which is said
   to  be  the  smallest game bird of India. -- Mountain quail. See under
   Mountain. -- Quail call, a call or pipe for alluring quails into a net
   or within range. -- Quail dove (Zo\'94l.), any one of several American
   ground pigeons belonging to Geotrygon and allied genera. -- Quail hawk
   (Zo\'94l.),    the    New    Zealand    sparrow    hawk    (Hieracidea
   Nov\'91-Hollandi\'91).  -- Quail pipe. See Quail call, above. -- Quail
   snipe (Zo\'94l.), the dowitcher, or red-breasted snipe; -- called also
   robin  snipe, and brown snipe. -- Sea quail (Zo\'94l.), the turnstone.
   [Local, U. S.]

   Page 1173


   Quail"y  (?),  n.  [Cf. Quail the bird.] (Zo\'94l.) The upland plover.


   Quaint  (?),  a.  [OE. queint, queynte, coint, prudent, wise, cunning,
   pretty,  odd,  OF. cointe cultivated, amiable, agreeable, neat, fr. L.
   cognitus  known,  p.  p.  of  cognoscere  to  know; con + noscere (for
   gnoscere) to know. See Know, and cf. Acquaint, Cognition.]

   1. Prudent; wise; hence, crafty; artful; wily. [Obs.]

     Clerks be full subtle and full quaint. Chaucer.

   2.  Characterized  by  ingenuity  or art; finely fashioned; skillfully
   wrought; elegant; graceful; nice; neat. [Archaic] " The queynte ring."
   " His queynte spear." Chaucer. " A shepherd young quaint." Chapman.

     Every look was coy and wondrous quaint. Spenser.

     To show bow quaint an orator you are. Shak.

   3.  Curious  and fanciful; affected; odd; whimsical; antique; archaic;
   singular; unusual; as, quaint architecture; a quaint expression.

     Some stroke of quaint yet simple pleasantry. Macaulay.

     An  old,  long-faced,  long-bodied  servant  in  quaint  livery. W.

   Syn.  --  Quaint,  Odd,  Antique. Antique is applied to that which has
   come  down from the ancients, or which is made to imitate some ancient
   work  of  art.  Odd implies disharmony, incongruity, or unevenness. An
   odd  thing  or  person is an exception to general rules of calculation
   and  procedure,  or  expectation and common experience. In the current
   use  of quaint, the two ideas of odd and antique are combined, and the
   word  is  commonly applied to that which is pleasing by reason of both
   these qualities. Thus, we speak of the quaint architecture of many old
   buildings  in  London;  or  a  quaint  expression, uniting at once the
   antique and the fanciful.


   Quain"tise (?), n. [OF. cointise.]

   1. Craft; subtlety; cunning. [Obs.] Chaucer. R. of Glouces.

   2. Elegance; beauty. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Quaint"ly (?), adv. In a quaint manner. Shak.


   Quaint"ness, n. The quality of being quaint. Pope.


   Quair  (?),  n.  [See  3d Quire.] A quire; a book. [Obs.] " The king's
   quhair." James I. (of Scotland).


   Quake  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Quaked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Quaking.]
   [AS. cwacian; cf. G. quackeln. Cf. Quagmire.]

   1.  To  be agitated with quick, short motions continually repeated; to
   shake  with  fear,  cold,  etc.;  to  shudder; to tremble. Quaking for
   dread." Chaucer.

     She  stood quaking like the partridge on which the hawk is ready to
     seize. Sir P. Sidney.

   2. To shake, vibrate, or quiver, either from not being solid, as soft,
   wet  land,  or  from  violent  convulsion  of  any kind; as, the earth
   quakes; the mountains quake. " Over quaking bogs." Macaulay.


   Quake,  v.  t.  [Cf.  AS. cweccan to move, shake. See Quake, v. t.] To
   cause to quake. [Obs.] Shak.


   Quake,  n.  A  tremulous  agitation;  a  quick  vibratory  movement; a
   shudder; a quivering.


   Quak"er (?), n.

   1. One who quakes.

   2.  One  of a religious sect founded by George Fox, of Leicestershire,
   England,  about 1650, -- the members of which call themselves Friends.
   They were called Quakers, originally, in derision. See Friend, n., 4.

     Fox's  teaching  was  primarily a preaching of repentance . . . The
     trembling among the listening crowd caused or confirmed the name of
     Quakers  given  to  the body; men and women sometimes fell down and
     lay struggling as if for life. Encyc. Brit.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The nankeen bird. (b) The sooty albatross. (c) Any
   grasshopper  or  locust  of  the genus (Edipoda; -- so called from the
   quaking noise made during flight.
   Quaker  buttons.  (Bot.) See Nux vomica. -- Quaker gun, a dummy cannon
   made  of  wood  or  other  material;  -- so called because the sect of
   Friends, or Quakers, hold to the doctrine, of nonresistance. -- Quaker
   ladies  (Bot.),  a low American biennial plant (Houstonia c\'91rulea),
   with  pretty  four-lobed corollas which are pale blue with a yellowish
   center; -- also called bluets, and little innocents.


   Quak"er*ess, n. A woman who is a member of the Society of Friends.


   Quak"er*ish, a. Like or pertaining to a Quaker; Quakerlike.


   Quak"er*ism  (?), n. The peculiar character, manners, tenets, etc., of
   the Quakers.


   Quak"er*like (?), a. Like a Quaker.


   Quak"er*ly, a. Resembling Quakers; Quakerlike; Quakerish. Macaulay.


   Quak"er*y (?), n. Quakerism. [Obs.] Hallywell.


   Quake"tail` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A wagtail.


   Quak"ness (?), n. The state of being quaky; liability to quake.


   Quak"ing,  a.  &  n.  from Quake, v. Quaking aspen (Bot.), an American
   species  of  poplar (Populus tremuloides), the leaves of which tremble
   in  the  lightest  breeze.  It  much resembles the European aspen. See
   Aspen.<--  #err in original written "Quaking asp"! --> -- Quaking bog,
   a  bog  of  forming  peat  so saturated with water that it shakes when
   trodden  upon.  -- Quaking grass. (Bot.) (a) One of several grasses of
   the genus Briza, having slender-stalked and pendulous ovate spikelets,
   which  quake and rattle in the wind. Briza maxima is the large quaking
   grass;  B.  media  and B. minor are the smaller kinds. (b) Rattlesnake
   grass (Glyceria Canadensis).


   Quak"ing*ly (?), adv. In a quaking manner; fearfully. Sir P. Sidney.


   Quak"y (?), a. Shaky, or tremulous; quaking.


   Qual"i*fi`a*ble   (?),   a.  Capable  of  being  qualified;  abatable;
   modifiable. Barrow.


   Qual`i*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. qualification. See Qualify.]

   1. The act of qualifying, or the condition of being qualified.

   2.  That  which  qualifies; any natural endowment, or any acquirement,
   which  fits  a  person  for  a  place, office, or employment, or which
   enables him to sustian any character with success; an enabling quality
   or circumstance; requisite capacity or possession.

     There  is  no  qualification  for government but virtue and wisdom,
     actual or presumptive. Burke.

   3.  The  act  of  limiting,  or the state of being limited; that which
   qualifies  by  limiting;  modification; restriction; hence, abatement;
   diminution; as, to use words without any qualification.


   Qual"i*fi*ca*tive   (?),   n.   That  which  qualifies,  modifies,  or
   restricts; a qualifying term or statement.

     How many qualificatives, correctives, and restrictives he inserteth
     in this relation. Fuller.


   Qual"i*fi*ca`tor  (?),  n. [LL.] (R. C. Ch.) An officer whose business
   it  is  to  examine and prepare causes for trial in the ecclesiastical


   Qual"i*fied (?), a.

   1. Fitted by accomplishments or endowments.

   2. Modified; limited; as, a qualified statement.
   Qualified   fee   (Law),  a  base  fee,  or  an  estate  which  has  a
   qualification  annexed  to it, the fee ceasing with the qualification,
   as  a  grant  to  A  and  his  heirs, tenants of the manor of Dale. --
   Qualified   indorsement  (Law),  an  indorsement  which  modifies  the
   liability   of  the  indorser  that  would  result  from  the  general
   principles  of  law,  but  does  not  affect  the negotiability of the
   instrument. Story. -- Qualified negative (Legislation), a limited veto
   power, by which the chief executive in a constitutional government may
   refuse  assent  to  bills  passed by the legislative body, which bills
   therefore  fail  to  become  laws  unless  upon  a reconsideration the
   legislature  again  passes them by a certain majority specified in the
   constitution,  when  they  become  laws  without  the  approval of the
   executive.  Qualified  property (Law), that which depends on temporary
   possession,  as that in wild animals reclaimed, or as in the case of a
   bailment.  Syn.  --  Competent; fit; adapted. -- Qualified, Competent.
   Competent  is most commonly used with respect to native endowments and
   general ability suited to the performance of a task or duty; qualified
   with respect to specific acquirements and training.


   Qual"i*fied`ly, adv. In the way of qualification; with modification or


   Qual"i*fied`ness, n. The state of being qualified.


   Qual"i*fi`er  (?),  One  who,  or  that  which,  qualifies; that which
   modifies, reduces, tempers or restrains.


   Qual"i*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Qualified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Qualifying  (?).]  [F.  qualifier,  LL. qualificare, fr. L. qualis how
   constituted, as + -ficare (in comp.) to make. See Quality, and -Fy.]

   1.  To  make such as is required; to give added or requisite qualities
   to;  to  fit,  as  for  a  place, office, occupation, or character; to
   furnish  with  the knowledge, skill, or other accomplishment necessary
   for  a  purpose; to make capable, as of an employment or privilege; to
   supply with legal power or capacity.

     He  had  qualified himself for municipal office by taking the oaths
     to the sovereigns in possession. Macaulay.

   2. To give individual quality to; to modulate; to vary; to regulate.

     It hath no larynx . . . to qualify the sound. Sir T. Browne.

   3.  To  reduce  from  a  general, undefined, or comprehensive form, to
   particular  or  restricted  form; to modify; to limit; to restrict; to
   restrain; as, to qualify a statement, claim, or proposition.

   4.  Hence, to soften; to abate; to diminish; to assuage; to reduce the
   strength of, as liquors.

     I  do  not  seek  to  quench  your love's hot fire, But qualify the
     fire's extreme rage. Shak.

   5. To soothe; to cure; -- said of persons. [Obs.]

     In short space he has them qualified. Spenser.

   Syn.  --  To  fit;  equip; prepare; adapt; capacitate; enable; modify;
   soften; restrict; restrain; temper.


   Qual"i*fy, v. i.

   1.  To  be  or  become  qualified;  to  be  fit,  as  for an office or

   2.  To obtain legal power or capacity by taking the oath, or complying
   with the forms required, on assuming an office.


   Qual"i*ta*tive (?), a. [Cf. LL. gualitativus, F. qualitatif.] Relating
   to  quality;  having  the  character of quality. -- Qual"i*ta*tive*ly,
   adv.  Qualitative  analysis  (Chem.), analysis which merely determines
   the  constituents of a substance without any regard to the quantity of
   each ingredient; -- contrasted with quantitative analysis.
   Qual"i*tied  (?), a. Furnished with qualities; endowed. [Obs.] "He was
   well qualitied." Chapman. 


   Qual"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Qualities (#). [F. qualit\'82, L. qualitas, fr.
   qualis how constituted, as; akin to E. which. See Which.]

   1.  The  condition  of  being of such and such a sort as distinguished
   from  others;  nature or character relatively considered, as of goods;
   character; sort; rank.

     We  lived most joyful, obtaining acquaintance with many of the city
     not of the meanest quality. Bacon

   2.  Special or temporary character; profession; occupation; assumed or
   asserted rank, part, or position.

     I made that inquiry in quality of an antiquary. Gray.

   3.  That  which  makes,  or  helps  to  make,  anything such as it is;
   anything  belonging  to a subject, or predicable of it; distinguishing
   property,  characteristic,  or attribute; peculiar power, capacity, or
   virtue;  distinctive trait; as, the tones of a flute differ from those
   of a violin in quality; the great quality of a statesman.

     NOTE: &hand; Qu alities, in  metaphysics, are primary or secondary.
     Primary  are  those  essential  to  the  existence,  and  even  the
     conception,  of  the  thing,  as  of matter or spirit Secondary are
     those not essential to such a conception.

   4. An acquired trait; accomplishment; acquisition.

     He  had those qualities of horsemanship, dancing, and fencing which
     accompany a good breeding. Clarendon.

   5.  Superior birth or station; high rank; elevated character. "Persons
   of quality." Bacon.
   Quality  binding,  a kind of worsted tape used in Scotland for binding
   carpets,  and the like. The quality, those of high rank or station, as
   distinguished  from  the  masses,  or common people; the nobility; the
     I  shall  appear  at the masquerade dressed up in my feathers, that
     the  quality  may  see how pretty they will look in their traveling
     habits. Addison.
   Syn.  --  Property;  attribute;  nature; peculiarity; character; sort;
   rank; disposition; temper. 


   Qualm  (?), n. [AS. cwealm death, slaughter, pestilence, akin to OS. &
   OHG. qualm. See Quail to cower.]

   1. Sickness; disease; pestilence; death. [Obs.]

     thousand slain and not of qualm ystorve [dead]. Chaucer.

   2.  A sudden attack of illness, faintness, or pain; an agony. " Qualms
   of heartsick agony." Milton.

   3. Especially, a sudden sensation of nausea.

     For  who, without a qualm, hath ever looked On holy garbage, though
     by Homer cooked? Roscommon.

   4.  A  prick  or  scruple  of  conscience;  uneasiness  of conscience;
   compunction. Dryden.


   Qualm"ish,  a.  Sick  at  the  stomach; affected with nausea or sickly
   languor;   inclined   to   vomit.   Shak.  --  Qualm"ish*ly,  adv.  --
   Qualm"ish*ness, n.


   Quam"ash (?), n. (Bot.) See Camass.


   Quam"o*clit  (?), n. [Gr. (Bot.) Formerly, a genus of plants including
   the cypress vine (Quamoclit vulgaris, now called Ipom\'d2a Quamoclit).
   The genus is now merged in Ipom\'d2a.


   Quan"da*ry  (?),  n.;  pl.  Quandaries  (#).  [Prob.  fr. OE. wandreth
   adversity,  perplexity, Icel. wandr\'91&edh;i difficulty, trouble, fr.
   vandr   difficult.]  A  state  of  difficulty  or  perplexity;  doubt;


   Quan"da*ry, v. t. To bring into a state of uncertainty, perplexity, or
   difficulty. [Obs.] Otway.


   Quan"dong  (?), n. (Bot.) The edible drupaceous fruit of an Australian
   tree  (Fusanus  acuminatus)  of  the Sandalwood family; -- called also


   Quan"dy (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Zo\'94l.) The old squaw. [Local,
   U. S.]


   Quan"net  (?),  n. A flat file having the handle at one side, so as to
   be used like a plane.


   Quant  (?),  n.  A  punting  pole  with a broad flange near the end to
   prevent it from sinking into the mud; a setting pole.


   Quan"tic  (?),  n.  [L.  quantus  how  much.  See Quantity.] (Math.) A
   homogeneous  algebraic  function  of two or more variables, in general
   containing  only positive integral powers of the variables, and called
   quadric,  cubic,  quartic,  etc.,  according  as  it is of the second,
   third,  fourth,  fifth,  or  a higher degree. These are further called
   binary,  ternary,  quaternary,  etc.,  according  as they contain two,
   three, four, or more variables; thus, the quantic is a binary cubic. 


   Quan`ti*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [See Quantity.] Modification by a reference
   to quantity; the introduction of the element of quantity.

     The  quantification of the predicate belongs in part to Sir William
     Hamilton;  viz.,  in  its  extension  to  negative propositions. De


   Quan"ti*ty (?) v. t. [L. quantus now much + -fy.] To modify or qualify
   with respect to quantity; to fix or express the quantity of; to rate.


   Quan"ti*ta*tive (?), a. [Cf. F. quantitatif.] Relating to quantity. --
   Quan"ti*ta*tive*ly, adv. Quantitative analysis (Chem.), analysis which
   determines  the  amount or quantity of each ingredient of a substance,
   by weight or by volume; -- contrasted with qualitative analysis.
   Quan"ti*tive  (?), a. [See Quantity.] Estimable according to quantity;
   quantitative. Sir K. Digby. 


   Quan"ti*tive*ly,   adv.   So   as   to   be  measurable  by  quantity;


   Quan"ti*ty  (?),  n.;  pl. Quantities (#). [F. quantite, L. quantitas,
   fr.  quantus  bow  great, how much, akin to quam bow, E. how, who. See

   1.  The attribute of being so much, and not more or less; the property
   of   being   measurable,   or   capable   of  increase  and  decrease,
   multiplication  and  division;  greatness;  and  more concretely, that
   which  answers  the question "How much?"; measure in regard to bulk or
   amount;  determinate or comparative dimensions; measure; amount; bulk;
   extent;  size.  Hence,  in  specific  uses:  (a) (Logic) The extent or
   extension  of  a general conception, that is, the number of species or
   individuals  to  which  it  may  be  applied;  also,  its  content  or
   comprehension,  that  is,  the  number  of  its constituent qualities,
   attributes,  or relations. (b) (Gram.) The measure of a syllable; that
   which  determines  the time in which it is pronounced; as, the long or
   short  quantity  of  a  vowel  or  syllable.  (c)  (Mus.) The relative
   duration of a tone.

   2.  That  which  can be increased, diminished, or measured; especially
   (Math.), anything to which mathematical processes are applicable.

     NOTE: &hand; Qu antity is  di screte when it is applied to separate
     objects,  as  in  number; continuous, when the parts are connected,
     either in succession, as in time, motion, etc., or in extension, as
     by the dimensions of space, viz., length, breadth, and thickness.

   3. A determinate or estimated amount; a sum or bulk; a certain portion
   or  part;  sometimes, a considerable amount; a large portion, bulk, or
   sum; as, a medicine taken in quantities, that is, in large quantities.

     The  quantity  of  extensive  and  curious information which he had
     picked  up  during  many months of desultory, but not unprofitable,
     study. Macaulay.

   Quantity  of  estate  (Law),  its  time  of  continuance, or degree of
   interest,  as  in fee, for life, or for years. Wharton (Law Dict. ) --
   Quantity  of matter, in a body, its mass, as determined by its weight,
   or  by  its  momentum  under  a  given velocity. -- Quantity of motion
   (Mech.),  in a body, the relative amount of its motion, as measured by
   its  momentum,  varying  as the product of mass and velocity. -- Known
   quantities  (Math.),  quantities  whose  values  are given. -- Unknown
   quantities (Math.), quantities whose values are sought.

   Page 1174


   Quan*tiv"a*lence  (?),  n. [L. quantus how much + E. valence.] (Chem.)
   Valence. [Archaic]


   Quan*tiv"a*lent  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Of or pertaining to quantivalence.


   Quan"tum  (?),  n.;  pl. Quanta (#). [L., neuter of quantus how great,
   how much. See Quantity,]

   1.  Quantity; amount. "Without authenticating . . . the quantum of the
   charges." Burke.

   2.  (Math.) A definite portion of a manifoldness, limited by a mark or
   by a boundary. W. K. Clifford.
   Quantum  meruit  (  [L.,  as  much as he merited] (Law), a count in an
   action  grounded  on  a  promise  that  the defendant would pay to the
   plaintiff  for  his  service  as much as he should deserve. -- Quantum
   sufficit (, OR Quantum suff. <-- abbr. q.s. (pharmacy) -->[L., as much
   suffices]  (Med.), a sufficient quantity. -- Quantum valebat ( [L., as
   much  at  it  was worth] (Law), a count in an action to recover of the
   defendant, for goods sold, as much as they were worth. Blackstone.


   Quap (?), v. i. To quaver. [Obs.] See Quob.


   Qua`qua*ver"sal  (?),  a.  [L.  quaqua  wheresoever,  whithersoever  +
   versus, p. p. of vertere to turn.]

   1. Turning or dipping in any or every direction.

   2. (Geol.) Dipping toward all points of the compass round a center, as
   beds of lava round a crater.


   Quar (?), n. A quarry. [Prov. Eng.] B. Jonson.


   Quar"an*tine (?), n. [F. quarantaine, OF. quaranteine, fr. F. quarante
   forty,  L.  quadraginta,  akin  to quattuor four, and E. four: cf. It.
   quarantina, quarentine. See Four, and cf. Quadragesima.]

   1. A space of forty days; -- used of Lent.

   2.  Specifically,  the  term, originally of forty days, during which a
   ship  arriving  in  port,  and suspected of being infected a malignant
   contagious  disease,  is  obliged  to forbear all intercourse with the
   shore;  hence,  such restraint or inhibition of intercourse; also, the
   place where infected or prohibited vessels are stationed.

     NOTE: &hand; Qu arantine is now applied also to any forced stoppage
     of  travel  or  communication  on  account  of malignant contagious
     disease, on land as well as by sea.

   3.  (Eng. Law) The period of forty days during which the widow had the
   privilege  of remaining in the mansion house of which her husband died
   Quarantine flag, a yellow flag hoisted at the fore of a vessel or hung
   from  a  building, to give warning of an infectious disease; -- called
   also the yellow jack, and yellow flag.


   Quar`an*tine"  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Quarantined (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Quarantining.]  To  compel  to remain at a distance, or in a given
   place,  without  intercourse,  when  suspected  of  having  contagious
   disease; to put under, or in, quarantine.


   Quarl (?), n. [Cf. G. qualle.] (Zo\'94l.) A medusa, or jellyfish. [R.]

     The  jellied quarl that flings At once a thousand streaming stings.
     J. R. Drake.


   Quar"rel (?), n. [OE. quarel, OF. quarrel, F. carreau, LL. quadrellus,
   from  L.  quadrus  square.  See  Quadrate,  and cf. Quadrel, Quarry an
   arrow, Carrel.]

   1.  An  arrow  for  a  crossbow; -- so named because it commonly had a
   square head. [Obs.]

     To shoot with arrows and quarrel. Sir J. Mandeville.

     Two arblasts, . . . with windlaces and quarrels. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  (Arch.)  Any small square or quadrangular member; as: (a) A square
   of  glass,  esp.  when  set  diagonally. (b) A small opening in window
   tracery,  of which the cusps, etc., make the form nearly square. (c) A
   square or lozenge-shaped paving tile.

   3. A glazier's diamond. Simmonds.

   4. A four-sided cutting tool or chisel having a diamond-shaped end.


   Quar"rel,  n.  [OE. querele, OF. querele, F. querelle, fr. L. querela,
   querella, a complaint, fr. queri to complain. See Querulous.]

   1.  A  breach  of  concord,  amity,  or  obligation;  a falling out; a
   difference;  a  disagreement;  an  antagonism  in opinion, feeling, or
   conduct;  esp.,  an  angry  dispute,  contest,  or strife; a brawl; an
   altercation; as, he had a quarrel with his father about expenses.

     I  will  bring a sword upon you that shall avenge the quarrel of my
     covenant. Lev. xxvi. 25.

     On open seas their quarrels they debate. Dryden.

   2.  Ground  of  objection, dislike, difference, or hostility; cause of
   dispute or contest; occasion of altercation.

     Herodias had a quarrel against him, and would have killed him. Mark
     vi. 19.

     No man hath any quarrel to me. Shak.

     He thought he had a good quarrel to attack him. Holinshed.

   3. Earnest desire or longing. [Obs.] Holland.
   To  pick  a  quarrel.  See  under  Pick,  v.  t. Syn. -- Brawl; broil;
   squabble;   affray;   feud;  tumult;  contest;  dispute;  altercation;
   contention; wrangle.


   Quar"rel,  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Quarreled (?) or Quarrelled; p. pr. &
   vb. n. Quarreling or Quarrelling.]

   1. To violate concord or agreement; to have a difference; to fall out;
   to be or become antagonistic.

     Our people quarrel with obedience. Shak.

     But some defect in her Did quarrel with the noblest grace she owed.

   2.  To  dispute  angrily,  or  violently;  to  wrangle;  to  scold; to
   altercate; to contend; to fight.

     Beasts called sociable quarrel in hunger and lust. Sir W. Temple.

   3. To find fault; to cavil; as, to quarrel with one's lot.

     I will not quarrel with a slight mistake. Roscommon.


   Quar"rel (?), v. t.

   1.  To  quarrel  with. [R.] "I had quarelled my brother purposely." B.

   2.  To  compel by a quarrel; as, to quarrel a man out of his estate or


   Quar"rel  (?),  n.  [Written  also  quarreller.]  One  who quarrels or
   wrangles; one who is quarrelsome. Shak.


   Quar"rel*et  (?),  n.  A  little  quarrel.  See 1st Quarrel, 2. [Obs.]
   "Quarrelets of pearl [teeth]." Herrick.


   Quar"rel*ing, a. Engaged in a quarrel; apt or disposed to quarrel; as,
   quarreling factions; a quarreling mood. -- Quar"rel*ing*ly, adv.


   Quar"rel*lous (?), a. [OF. querelous, F. querelleux, L. querulosus and
   querulus,  fr. queri to complain. See 2d Quarrel.] Quarrelsome. [Obs.]
   [Written also quarrellous.] Shak.


   Quar"rel*some  (?), a. Apt or disposed to quarrel; given to brawls and
   contention;  easily  irritated  or  provoked  to  contest;  irascible;
   choleric.   Syn.   --   Pugnacious;  irritable;  irascible;  brawling;
   choleric;    fiery;    petulant.    --   Quar"rel*some*ly,   adv.   --
   Quar"rel*some*ness, n.


   Quar"ried (?), a. Provided with prey.

     Now I am bravely quarried. Beau. & Fl.


   Quar"ri*er (?), n. A worker in a stone quarry.


   Quar"ry  (?),  n. [OE. quarre, OF. quarr\'82 square, F. carr\'82, from
   L.  quadratus  square, quadrate, quadratum a square. See Quadrate, and
   cf. Quarrel an arrow.] Same as 1st Quarrel. [Obs.] Fairfax.


   Quar"ry, a. [OF. quarr\'82.] Quadrate; square. [Obs.]


   Quar"ry,  n.;  pl.  Quarries  (#).  [OE.  querre,  OF.  cuiri\'82e, F.
   cur\'82e,  fr.  cuir hide, leather, fr. L. corium; the quarry given to
   the dogs being wrapped in the akin of the beast. See Cuirass.]

   1. (a) A part of the entrails of the beast taken, given to the hounds.
   (b) A heap of game killed.

   2.  The  object of the chase; the animal hunted for; game; especially,
   the game hunted with hawks. "The stone-dead quarry." Spenser.

     The wily quarry shunned the shock. Sir W. Scott.


   Quar"ry,  v.  i.  To  secure  prey;  to  prey,  as a vulture or harpy.


   Quar"ry, n. [OE. quarrere, OF. quariere, F. carri\'8are, LL. quadraria
   a  quarry,  whence  squared  (quadrati)  stones are dug, fr. quadratus
   square.  See  Quadrate.]  A place, cavern, or pit where stone is taken
   from  the  rock or ledge, or dug from the earth, for building or other
   purposes; a stone pit. See 5th Mine (a).


   Quar"ry, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Quarried (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Quarrying.]
   To dig or take from a quarry; as, to quarry marble.


   Quar"ry-faced`  (?), a. (Stone Masonry) Having a face left as it comes
   from  the quarry and not smoothed with the chisel or point; -- said of


   Quar"ry-man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Quarrymen  (.  A  man  who  is engaged in
   quarrying stones; a quarrier.


   Quart  (?), n. [F. quart, n. masc., fr. L. quartus the fourth, akin to
   quattuor four. See Four, and cf. 2d Carte, Quarto.] The fourth part; a
   quarter; hence, a region of the earth. [Obs.]

     Camber did possess the western quart. Spenser.


   Quart, n. [F. quarte, n. fem., fr. quart fourth. See Quart a quarter.]

   1.  A  measure  of  capacity,  both  in dry and in liquid measure; the
   fourth part of a gallon; the eighth part of a peck; two pints.

     NOTE: &hand; In  im perial me asure, a quart is forty English fluid
     ounces;  in  wine  measure, it is thirty-two American fluid ounces.
     The  United States dry quart contains 67.20 cubic inches, the fluid
     quart 57.75. The English quart contains 69.32 cubic inches.

   2. A vessel or measure containing a quart.


   Quart  (?),  n. [See Quart a quarter.] In cards, four successive cards
   of the same suit. Cf. Tierce, 4. Hoyle.


   Quar"tan  (?),  a. [F. quartain, in fi\'8avre quartaine, L. quartanus,
   fr.  quartus  the  fourth. See Quart.] Of or pertaining to the fourth;
   occurring every fourth day, reckoning inclusively; as, a quartan ague,
   or fever.


   Quar"tan, n.

   1.  (Med.)  An  intermittent  fever  which  returns  every fourth day,
   reckoning  inclusively,  that  is,  one  in which the interval between
   paroxysms is two days.

   2. A measure, the fourth part of some other measure.


   Quar"tane  (?),  n.  [L.  quartus  the  fourth.]  (Chem.) Butane, each
   molecule of which has four carbon atoms.


   Quar*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  quartus the fourth: cf. F. quartation. So
   called  because  usually  enough silver is added to make the amount of
   gold  in  the alloyed button about one fourth.] (Chem. & Assaying) The
   act,  process,  or  result  (in  the process of parting) of alloying a
   button  of  nearly pure gold with enough silver to reduce the fineness
   so  as to allow acids to attack and remove all metals except the gold;
   -- called also inquartation. Compare Parting.


   Quarte (?), n. [F.] Same as 2d Carte.


   Quar"tene (?), n. [Ouartane + ethylene.] (Chem.) Same as Butylene.


   Quar"ten*yl"ic  (?), a. [Quartene + -yl + -ic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to,
   or  designating,  an  acid  of the acrylic acid series, metameric with
   crotonic  acid,  and obtained as a colorless liquid; -- so called from
   having  four  carbon  atoms  in  the molecule. Called also isocrotonic


   Quar"ter  (?),  n.  [F.  quartier,  L.  quartarius  a fourth part, fr.
   quartus the fourth. See Quart.]

   1.  One  of  four  equal  parts  into which anything is divided, or is
   regarded  as  divided;  a  fourth  part or portion; as, a quarter of a
   dollar,  of  a pound, of a yard, of an hour, etc. Hence, specifically:
   (a)  The  fourth of a hundred-weight, being 25 or 28 pounds, according
   as  the hundredweight is reckoned at 100 or 112 pounds. (b) The fourth
   of a ton in weight, or eight bushels of grain; as, a quarter of wheat;
   also, the fourth part of a chaldron of coal. Hutton. (c) (Astron.) The
   fourth part of the moon's period, or monthly revolution; as, the first
   quarter after the change or full. (d) One limb of a quadruped with the
   adjacent  parts;  one  fourth  part  of  the  carcass of a slaughtered
   animal, including a leg; as, the fore quarters; the hind quarters. (e)
   That part of a boot or shoe which forms the side, from the heel to the
   vamp.  (f)  (Far.)  That part on either side of a horse's hoof between
   the toe and heel, being the side of the coffin. (g) A term of study in
   a  seminary,  college, etc, etc.; properly, a fourth part of the year,
   but  often  longer or shorter. (h) pl. (Mil.) The encampment on one of
   the  principal  passages round a place besieged, to prevent relief and
   intercept  convoys.  (i)  (Naut.)  The  after-part of a vessel's side,
   generally  corresponding  in  extent  with the quarter-deck; also, the
   part  of  the  yardarm  outside  of  the slings. (j) (Her.) One of the
   divisions  of an escutcheon when it is divided into four portions by a
   horizontal and a perpendicular line meeting in the fess point.

     NOTE: &hand; When two coats of arms are united upon one escutcheon,
     as  in  case of marriage, the first and fourth quarters display one
     shield, the second and third the other. See Quarter, v. t., 5.

   (k)  One  of  the  four  parts  into  which the horizon is regarded as
   divided;  a cardinal point; a direction' principal division; a region;
   a territory.

     Scouts  each  coast  light-armed scour, Each quarter, to descry the
     distant foe. Milton.

   (l)  A  division  of a town, city, or county; a particular district; a
   locality;  as, the Latin quarter in Paris. (m) (Arch.) A small upright
   timber post, used in partitions; -- in the United States more commonly
   called  stud.  (n)  (Naut.)  The  fourth part of the distance from one
   point  of  the  compass  to  another,  being the fourth part of 11\'f8
   15\'b7, that is, about 2\'f8 49\'b7; -- called also quarter point. <--
   (o)  One  fourth  of  a  dollar,  i.e.  twenty  five  cents. Also, the
   twenty-five cent piece. Also called a quarter dollar, and two bits -->

   2.   Proper   station;  specific  place;  assigned  position;  special

     Swift  to their several quarters hasted then The cumbrous elements.

   Hence,  specifically:  (a) (Naut.) A station at which officers and men
   are  posted  in battle; -- usually in the plural. (b) Place of lodging
   or  temporary  residence;  shelter;  entertainment;  -- usually in the

     The banter turned as to what quarters each would find. W. Irving.

   (c)  pl. (Mil.) A station or encampment occupied by troops; a place of
   lodging  for  soldiers or officers; as, winter quarters. (d) Treatment
   shown  by  an  enemy; mercy; especially, the act of sparing the life a
   conquered   enemy;  a  refraining  from  pushing  one's  advantage  to

     He magnified his own clemency, now they were at his mercy, to offer
     them quarter for their lives. Clarendon.

     Cocks  and  lambs  . . . at the mercy of cats and wolves . . . must
     never expect better quarter. L'Estrange.

   3.  Friendship;  amity; concord. [Obs.] To keep quarter, to keep one's
   proper  place,  and  so  be  on good terms with another. [Obs.] <-- ##
   abnormal format. Shold be a collocataion. -->

     In quarter, and in terms like bride and groom. Shak.

     I  knew  two that were competitors for the secretary's place, . . .
     and yet kept good quarter between themselves. Bacon.

   False  quarter,  a  cleft  in  the quarter of a horse's foot. -- Fifth
   quarter,  the  hide  and  fat;  -- a butcher's term. -- On the quarter
   (Naut.),  in a direction between abeam and astern; opposite, or nearly
   opposite,  a  vessel's  quarter.  -- Quarter aspect. (Astrol.) Same as
   Quadrate. -- Quarter back (Football), the player who has position next
   behind center rush, and receives the ball on the snap back. -- Quarter
   badge  (Naut.),  an  ornament on the side of a vessel near, the stern.
   Mar.  Dict.  --  Quarter bill (Naut.), a list specifying the different
   stations  to  be taken by the officers and crew in time of action, and
   the  names  of  the  men assigned to each. -- Quarter block (Naut.), a
   block  fitted under the quarters of a yard on each side of the slings,
   through which the clew lines and sheets are reeved. R. H. Dana, Jr. --
   Quarter  boat  (Naut.),  a boat hung at a vessel's quarter. -- Quarter
   cloths  (Naut.),  long  pieces  of  painted  canvas, used to cover the
   quarter  netting.  --  Quarter  day,  a  day regarded as terminating a
   quarter of the year; hence, one on which any payment, especially rent,
   becomes  due. In matters influenced by United States statutes, quarter
   days  are  the first days of January, April, July, and October. In New
   York  and  many other places, as between landlord and tenant, they are
   the  first  days  of  May, August, November, and February. The quarter
   days  usually  recognized in England are 25th of March (Lady Day), the
   24th  of June (Midsummer Day), the 29th of September (Michaelmas Day),
   and  the  25th  of  December (Christmas Day). -- Quarter face, in fine
   arts,  portrait  painting,  etc.,  a  face turned away so that but one
   quarter  is  visible.  --  Quarter  gallery  (Naut.), a balcony on the
   quarter  of a ship. See Gallery, 4. -- Quarter gunner (Naut.), a petty
   officer who assists the gunner. -- Quarter look, a side glance. [Obs.]
   B.  Jonson.  --  Quarter  nettings (Naut.), hammock nettings along the
   quarter  rails.  --  Quarter  note (Mus.), a note equal in duration to
   half  a  minim  or a fourth of semibreve; a crochet. -- Quarter pieces
   (Naut.),  several  pieces  of  timber at the after-part of the quarter
   gallery,  near  the  taffrail.  Totten.  -- Quarter point. (Naut.) See
   Quarter,  n.,  1  (n).  --  Quarter railing, OR Quarter rails (Naut.),
   narrow  molded  planks  reaching  from  the  top  of  the stern to the
   gangway,  serving  as a fence to the quarter-deck. -- Quarter sessions
   (Eng. Law), a general court of criminal jurisdiction held quarterly by
   the justices of peace in counties and by the recorders in boroughs. --
   Quarter  square  (Math.),  the  fourth part of the square of a number.
   Tables  of  quarter  squares  have  been  devised  to  save  labor  in
   multiplying  numbers.  --  Quarter turn, Quarter turn belt (Mach.), an
   arrangement  in which a belt transmits motion between two shafts which
   are  at  right  angles  with  each  other. -- Quarter watch (Naut.), a
   subdivision  of  the  full watch (one fourth of the crew) on a man-of-
   war.  --  To  give, OR show, quarter (Mil.), to accept as prisoner, on
   submission in battle; to forbear to kill, as a vanquished enemy. -- To
   keep quarter. See Quarter, n., 3.


   Quart"ter  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Quartered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To divide into four equal parts.

   Page 1175

   2. To divide; to separate into parts or regions.

     Then sailors quartered heaven. Dryden.

   3.  To furnish with shelter or entertainment; to supply with the means
   of  living  for  a  time;  especially,  to  furnish shelter to; as, to
   quarter soldiers.

     They mean this night in Sardis to be quartered. Shak.

   4. To furnish as a portion; to allot. [R.]

     This isle . . . He quarters to his blue-haired deities. Milton.

   5. (Her.) To arrange (different coats of arms) upon one escutcheon, as
   when  a  man  inherits  from  both father and mother the right to bear

     NOTE: &hand; Wh en on ly two coats of arms are so combined they are
     arranged in four compartments. See Quarter, n., 1 (f).


   Quar"ter (?), v. i. To lodge; to have a temporary residence.


   Quar"ter,  v.  i.  [F. cartayer.] To drive a carriage so as to prevent
   the wheels from going into the ruts, or so that a rut shall be between
   the wheels.

     Every  creature  that  met  us  would rely on us for quartering. De


   Quar"ter*age (?), n. A quarterly allowance.


   Quar"ter-deck`  (?),  n. (Naut.) That part of the upper deck abaft the
   mainmast, including the poop deck when there is one.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e qu arter-deck is  reserved as a promenade for the
     officers and (in passenger vessels) for the cabin passengers.


   Quar"ter*foil`  (?),  n.  [Quarier  + foil: cf. F. quatre.] (Arch.) An
   ornamental foliation having four lobes, or foils.


   Quar"ter*hung`  (?),  a. (Ordnance) Having trunnions the axes of which
   lie below the bore; -- said of a cannon.


   Quar"ter*ing, a.

   1.  (Naut.)  Coming from a point well abaft the beam, but not directly
   astern; -- said of waves or any moving object.

   2.  (Mach.)  At right angles, as the cranks of a locomotive, which are
   in planes forming a right angle with each other.


   Quar"ter*ing, n.

   1. A station. [Obs.] Bp. Montagu.

   2. Assignment of quarters for soldiers; quarters.

   3.  (Her.)  (a) The division of a shield containing different coats of
   arms into four or more compartments. (b) One of the different coats of
   arms arranged upon an escutcheon, denoting the descent of the bearer.

   4.  (Arch.) A series of quarters, or small upright posts. See Quarter,
   n., 1 (m) (Arch.) Gwilt.
   Quartering  block,  a  block on which the body of a condemned criminal
   was quartered. Macaulay.


   Quar"ter*ly, a.

   1. Containing, or consisting of, a fourth part; as, quarterly seasons.

   2.  Recurring  during,  or  at the end of, each quarter; as, quarterly
   payments of rent; a quarterly meeting.


   Quar"ter*ly, n.; pl. Quarterlies (. A periodical work published once a
   quarter, or four times in a year.


   Quar"ter*ly, adv.

   1.  By quarters; once in a quarter of a year; as, the returns are made

   2.  (Her.) In quarters, or quarterings; as, to bear arms quarterly; in
   four  or  more  parts; -- said of a shield thus divided by lines drawn
   through it at right angles.


   Quar"ter*mas`ter    (?),    n.    [Quarter    +    master:    cf.   F.

   1.  (Mil.)  An  officer whose duty is to provide quarters, provisions,
   storage, clothing, fuel, stationery, and transportation for a regiment
   or other body of troops, and superintend the supplies.

   2. (Naut.) A petty officer who attends to the helm, binnacle, signals,
   and the like, under the direction of the master. Totten.
   Quartermaster  general  (Mil.),  in the United States a staff officer,
   who  has the rank of brigadier general and is the chief officer in the
   quartermaster's  department;  in  England,  an  officer  of  high rank
   stationed  at  the  War  Office  having  similar duties; also, a staff
   officer, usually a general officer, accompanying each complete army in
   the field. -- Quartermaster sergeant. See Sergeant.


   Quar"tern  (?),  n.[OE. quarteroun, quartron, F. quarteron, the fourth
   part  of  a  pound,  or of a hundred; cf. L. quartarius a fourth part,
   quarter   of  any  measure,  quartern,  gill.  See  Quarter,  and  cf.
   Quarteron, Quadroon.]

   1. A quarter. Specifically: (a) The fourth part of a pint; a gill. (b)
   The fourth part of a peck, or of a stone (14 ibs.).

   2. A loaf of bread weighing about four pounds; -- called also quartern
   loaf. Simmonds.


   Quar"ter*on (?), n. [F. See Quartern.] A quarter; esp., a quarter of a
   pound, or a quarter of a hundred. Piers Plowman.

                             Quarteron, Quarteroon

   Quar"ter*on (?), Quar"ter*oon (?), n. A quadroon.


   Quar"ter*pace`  (?),  n.  (Arch.)  A platform of a staircase where the
   stair turns at a right angle only. See Halfpace.

                                 Quarter round

   Quar"ter round` (?). (Arch.) An ovolo.


   Quar"ter*staff`  (?),  n.; pl. Quarterstaves (. A long and stout staff
   formerly used as a weapon of defense and offense; -- so called because
   in holding it one hand was placed in the middle, and the other between
   the middle and the end.

                              Quartet, Quartette

   Quar*tet",  Quar*tette"  (?),  n.  [It.  quartetto, dim. of quarto the
   fourth, a fourth part, fr. L. quartus the fourth. See Quart.]

   1.  (Mus.) (a) A composition in four parts, each performed by a single
   voice or instrument. (b) The set of four person who perform a piece of
   music in four parts.

   2. (Poet.) A stanza of four lines.


   Quar"tic (?), a. [L.quartus fourth.] (Mach.) Of the fourth degree.


   Quar"tic  (?),  n.  (a)  (Alg.)  A  quantic  of the fourth degree. See
   Quantic.  (b)  (Geom.)  A  curve  or  surface whose equation is of the
   fourth degree in the variables.


   Quar"tile  (?),  n. [F.quartile aspect, fr. L. quartus the fourth. See
   Quart.] (Astrol.) Same as Quadrate.


   Quar"tine  (?),  n. [F., fr. L. quartus the fourth.] (Bot.) A supposed
   fourth integument of an ovule, counting from the outside.


   Quar"to  (?), a. [L. in quarto in fourth, from quartus the fourth: cf.
   F.  (in)  quarto.  See Quart.] Having four leaves to the sheet; of the
   form or size of a quarto.


   Quar"to,  n.;  pl.  Quartos  (.  Originally, a book of the size of the
   fourth  of sheet of printing paper; a size leaves; in present usage, a
   book of a square or nearly square form, and usually of large size.


   Quar"tridge (?), n. Quarterage. [Obs.]


   Quartz (?), n. [G. quarz.] (Min.) A form of silica, or silicon dioxide
   (SiO2),  occurring in hexagonal crystals, which are commonly colorless
   and  transparent, but sometimes also yellow, brown, purple, green, and
   of  other  colors;  also in cryptocrystalline massive forms varying in
   color and degree of transparency, being sometimes opaque.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e cr ystalline varieties include: amethyst, violet;
     citrine and false topaz, pale yellow; rock crystal, transparent and
     colorless  or  nearly  so;  rose quartz, rosecolored; smoky quartz,
     smoky  brown.  The chief crypto-crystalline varieties are: agate, a
     chalcedony  in  layers  or clouded with different colors, including
     the  onyx  and  sardonyx;  carnelian and sard, red or flesh-colored
     chalcedony;   chalcedony,   nearly   white,  and  waxy  in  luster;
     chrysoprase, an apple-green chalcedony; flint, hornstone, basanite,
     or  touchstone,  brown  to  black  in color and compact in texture;
     heliotrope,  green  dotted with red; jasper, opaque, red yellow, or
     brown,  colored by iron or ferruginous clay; prase, translucent and
     dull leek-green. Quartz is an essential constituent of granite, and
     abounds  in rocks of all ages. It forms the rocks quartzite (quartz
     rock) and sandstone, and makes most of the sand of the seashore.


   Quartz*if"er*ous (?), a. [Quartz + -ferous.] (Min.) Consisting chiefly
   of quartz; containing quartz.


   Quartz"ite (?), n. [Cf. F. quartzite.] (Min.) Massive quartz occurring
   as a rock; a metamorphosed sandstone; -- called also quartz rock.


   Quartz"oid  (?),  n.  [Quartz + -oid.] (Crystallog.) A form of crystal
   common  with  quartz,  consisting  of  two six-sided pyramids, base to


   Quartz"ose` (?), a. [Cf. F. quartzeux, G. quarzig.] (Min.) Containing,
   or resembling, quartz; partaking of the nature or qualities of quartz.


   quartz"ous (?), a. (Min.) Quarzose.


   Quartz"y (?), a. (Min.) Quartzose.


   Quas (?), n. A kind of beer. Same as Quass.

                                Quaschi, Quasje

   Quas"chi (?), Quas"je (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The brown coati. See Coati.


   Quash (?), n. Same as Squash.


   Quash,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Quashed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Quashing.]
   [OF.  quasser,  F.  casser,  fr.  L. cassare to annihilate, annul, fr.
   cassus  empty,  vain,  of uncertain origin. The word has been confused
   with  L.quassare  to  shake,  F. casser to break, which is probably of
   different   origin.  Cf.  Cashier,  v.  t.]  (Law)  To  abate,  annul,
   overthrow, or make void; as, to quash an indictment. Blackstone.


   Quash,  v.  t.  [OF.  quasser,  F.  casser,  fr. L. quassare to shake,
   shatter,  shiver,  v. intens. fr. quatere, quassum, to shake, shatter.
   Cf. Concussion, Discuss, Rescue, and also Quash to annul.]

   1. To beat down, or beat in pieces; to dash forcibly; to crush.

     The  whales  Against  sharp  rocks,  like reeling vessels, quashed,
     Though huge as mountains, are in pieces dashed. Waller.

   2.  To  crush;  to  subdue;  to  suppress  or extinguish summarily and
   completely; as, to quash a rebellion.

     Contrition is apt to quash or allay all worldly grief. Barrow.


   Quash, v. i. To be shaken, or dashed about, with noise.


   Quash"ee (?), n. A negro of the West Indies.


   Qua"si  (?).  [L.]  As if; as though; as it were; in a manner sense or
   degree;   having  some  resemblance  to;  qualified;  --  used  as  an
   adjective,  or  a  prefix  with  a  noun  or an adjective; as, a quasi
   contract,  an  implied  contract,  an obligation which has arisen from
   some  act, as if from a contract; a quasi corporation, a body that has
   some,  but  not  all,  of  the peculiar attributes of a corporation; a
   quasi  argument,  that  which  resembles,  or is used as, an argument;
   quasi historical, apparently historical, seeming to be historical.


   Quas`i*mo"do  (?),  n.  [So  called  from the first words of the Latin
   introit,  quasi  modo geniti infantes as newborn babes, 1 Pet. ii. 2.]
   (R. C. Ch.) The first Sunday after Easter; Low Sunday.


   Quass  (?),  n. [Russ. kvas'.] A thin, sour beer, made by pouring warm
   water  on  rye  or barley meal and letting it ferment, -- much used by
   the Russians. [written also quas.]


   Quas*sa"tion  (?), n. [L. quassatio, from quassare to shake. See Quash
   to crush.] The act of shaking, or the state of being shaken. Gayton.


   Quas"si*a (?), n. [NL. From the name of a negro, Quassy, or Quash, who
   prescribed  this  article as a specific.] The wood of several tropical
   American trees of the order Simarube\'91, as Quassia amara, Picr\'91na
   excelsa,  and  Simaruba  amara. It is intensely bitter, and is used in
   medicine and sometimes as a substitute for hops in making beer.


   Quas"sin  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. quassine. See Quassia.] (Chem.) The bitter
   principle  of  quassia, extracted as a white crystalline substance; --
   formerly called quassite. [Written also quass\'c6in, and quassine.]


   Quat  (?),  n.  [Etymol.  uncertain.]  (a)  A  pustule.  [Obs.] (b) An
   annoying, worthless person. Shak.


   Quat, v. t. To satiate; to satisfy. [Prov. Eng.]


   Qua"ta (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The coaita.


   Quatch (?), a. Squat; flat. [Obs.] Shak.


   Qua"ter-cous`in (?), n. [F. quatre four + cousin, E. cousin.] A cousin
   within the first four degrees of kindred.


   Qua*ter"na*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  quaternarius  consisting  of  four each,
   containing  four,  fr.  quaterni  four each, fr. quattuor four: cf. F.
   quaternaire. See Four.]

   1. Consisting of four; by fours, or in sets of four.

   2.  (Geol.) Later than, or subsequent to, the Tertiary; Post-tertiary;
   as, the Quaternary age, or Age of man.


   Qua*ter"na*ry, n. [L. numerus quaternarius: cf. F. quaternaire.]

   1. The number four. Boyle.

   2.  (Geol.)  The  Quaternary  age, era, or formation. See the Chart of


   Qua*ter"nate  (?),  a.  Composed  of,  or  arranged  in, sets of four;
   quaternary; as, quaternate leaves.


   Qua*ter"ni*on  (?),  n.  [L.  quaternio,  fr.quaterni  four  each. See

   1. The number four. [Poetic]

   2.  A  set  of  four  parts,  things,  or  person;  four  things taken
   collectively; a group of four words, phrases, circumstances, facts, or
   the like.

     Delivered him to four quaternions of soldiers. Acts xii. 4.

     Ye  elements, the eldest birth Of Nature's womb, that in quaternion
     run. Milton.

     The  triads and quaternions with which he loaded his sentences. Sir
     W. Scott.

   3. A word of four syllables; a quadrisyllable.

   4. (Math.) The quotient of two vectors, or of two directed right lines
   in space, considered as depending on four geometrical elements, and as
   expressible by an algebraic symbol of quadrinomial form.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e sc ience or  ca lculus of  qu aternions is  a new
     mathematical  method,  in  which  the conception of a quaternion is
     unfolded  and  symbolically  expressed,  and  is applied to various
     classes  of algebraical, geometrical, and physical questions, so as
     to discover theorems, and to arrive at the solution of problems.

   Sir W. R. Hamilton.


   Qua*ter"ni*on,  v. t. To divide into quaternions, files, or companies.


   Qua*ter"ni*ty  (?), n. [LL.quaternitas, fr. L. quaterni four each: cf.
   F. quaternit\'82.]

   1. The number four. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

   2.  The  union of four in one, as of four persons; -- analogous to the
   theological term trinity.


   Qua"ter*on (?), n. See 2d Quarteron.


   Qua*torz"ain  (?),  n.  [See  Quatorze.]  A  poem of fourteen lines; a
   sonnet. R. H. Stoddard.


   Qua*torze"  (?),  n.  [F.  quatorze  fourteen,  L.  quattuordecim. See
   Fourteen.]  The four aces, kings, queens, knaves, or tens, in the game
   of piquet; -- so called because quatorze counts as fourteen points.


   Quat"rain  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  quatre four, L. quattuor, quatuor. See
   Four.] (Pros.) A stanza of four lines rhyming alternately. Dryden.


   Qua"tre  (?),  n.  [F.]  A card, die. or domino, having four spots, or

                           Quatrefeuille, Quatrefoil

   Qua"tre*feuille  (?),  Qua"tre*foil (?), n. [F. quatre feuilles.] Same
   as Quarterfoil.


   Quat"u*or  (?),  n. [F., fr. L. quattuor, quatuor, four. See Quartet.]
   (Mus.) A quartet; -- applied chiefly to instrumental compositions.


   Quave (?), n. See Quaver. [Obs.]


   Quave, v. i. To quaver. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   Quave"mire` (?), n. See Quagmire. [Obs.]


   Qua"ver, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Quavered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Quavering.]
   [OE.  quaven  to  shake,  to tremble; cf. LG. quabbeln to shake, to be
   soft,  of  fat  substances,  quabbe  a fat lump of flesh, a dewlap, D.
   kwabbe, and E. quiver, v.]

   1. To tremble; to vibrate; to shake. Sir I. Newton.

   2.  Especially,  to shake the voice; to utter or form sound with rapid
   or  tremulous  vibrations,  as in singing; also, to trill on a musical


   Qua"ver, v. t. To utter with quavers.

     We  shall  hear  her quavering them . . . to some sprightly airs of
     the opera. Addison.


   Qua"ver, n.

   1.  A  shake, or rapid and tremulous vibration, of the voice, or of an
   instrument of music.

   2. (Mus.) An eighth note. See Eighth.


   Qua"ver*er (?), n. One who quavers; a warbler.


   Quay  (?),  n. [F. quai. See Key quay.] A mole, bank, or wharf, formed
   toward  the sea, or at the side of a harbor, river, or other navigable
   water, for convenience in loading and unloading vessels. [Written also


   Quay (?), v. t. To furnish with quays.


   Quay"age (?), n. [F.] Wharfage. [Also keyage.]


   Quayd (?), p. p. of Quail. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Que (?), n. [Cf. 3d Cue.] A half farthing. [Obs.]


   Queach  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Quick.] A thick, bushy plot; a thicket. [Obs.]


   Queach,  v.  i.  [Cf. E. quich, v. i., quick, v. i.; or AS. cweccan to
   shake.] To stir; to move. See Quick, v. i. [Obs.]


   Queach"y (?), a.

   1.  Yielding  or  trembling  under the feet, as moist or boggy ground;
   shaking;   moving.  "The  queachy  fens."  "Godwin's  queachy  sands."

   2. Like a queach; thick; bushy. [Obs.] Cockeram.


   Quean (?), n. [Originally, a woman, AS. cwene; akin to OS. quena, OHG.
   quena,  Icel.  kona,  Goth  qin,  and  AS. cw\'82n, also to Gr. gn\'be
   goddess. Cf. Queen.]

   1.  A  woman;  a  young  or  unmarried  woman; a girl. [Obs. or Scot.]

   2.  A low woman; a wench; a slut. "The dread of every scolding quean."


   Quea"si*ly (?), adv. In a queasy manner.


   Quea"si*ness,  n.  The  state  of  being queasy; nausea; qualmishness;
   squeamishness. Shak.

   Page 1176


   Quea"sy  (?),  a. [Icel. kweisa pain; cf. Norw. kveis sickness after a

   1.  Sick  at  the  stomach;  affected  with nausea; inclined to vomit;

   2.  Fastidious;  squeamish;  delicate;  easily  disturbed;  unsettled;
   ticklish. " A queasy question." Shak.

     Some seek, when queasy conscience has its qualms. Cowper.

                                 Quebec group

   Que*bec" group` (?). (Geol.) The middle of the three groups into which
   the  rocks  of  the  Canadian period have been divided in the American
   Lower Silurian system. See the Chart of Geology.


   Que*bra"cho   (?),   n.  [Sp.]  (Bot.)  A  Chilian  apocynaceous  tree
   (Aspidosperma   Quebracho);  also,  its  bark,  which  is  used  as  a
   febrifuge,  and  for dyspn&oe;a of the lung, or bronchial diseases; --
   called also white quebracho, to distinguish it from the red quebracho,
   a  Mexican anacardiaceous tree (Loxopterygium Lorentzii) whose bark is
   said to have similar properties. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).


   Queb"rith  (?),  n.  [OE. quebrit, quibrith, Ar. kibr\'c6t.] (Alchemy)
   Sulphur. [Obs.]

                                 Quech, Queck

   Quech (?), Queck (?), v. i. [Cf. Quick, Queach.] A word occurring in a
   corrupt  passage  of Bacon's Essays, and probably meaning, to stir, to


   Queen  (?),  n.  [OE.  quen,  quene, queen, quean, AS. cw&emac;n wife,
   queen,  woman;  akin  to  OS. qu\'ben wife, woman, Icel. kv\'ben wife,
   queen, Goth. q&emac;ns. &root;221. See Quean.]

   1. The wife of a king.

   2.  A  woman  who is the sovereign of a kingdom; a female monarch; as,
   Elizabeth, queen of England; Mary, queen of Scots.

     In faith, and by the heaven's quene. Chaucer.

   3.  A  woman eminent in power or attractions; the highest of her kind;
   as,  a  queen  in  society;  --  also  used  figuratively  of  cities,
   countries,  etc.  "  This queen of cities." " Albion, queen of isles."

   4.  The  fertile, or fully developed, female of social bees, ants, and


   5,  (Chess) The most powerful, and except the king the most important,
   piece in a set of chessmen.

   6.  A  playing  card  bearing the picture of a queen; as, the queen of
   spades.  <--  7.  A  male  homosexual,  esp.  one who is effeminate or
   dresses in women's clothing. Sometimes pejorative. -->
   Queen  apple.  [Cf.  OE.  quyne aple quince apple.] A kind of apple; a
   queening.  "Queen  apples  and  red  cherries."  Spenser. -- Queen bee
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  female bee, especially the female of the honeybee. See
   Honeybee.<--  the fully developed female in a colony of bees, ants, or
   termites  which  lays eggs. Usually there is only one in a colony; the
   queen  is  often somewhat larger than other bees, and is specially fed
   to  develop  her egg-laying capacity. (b) (Fig.) A woman who feels and
   acts  as  though she is of special importance. Usu. pejorative. --> --
   Queen  conch  (Zo\'94l.), a very large West Indian cameo conch (Cassis
   cameo).  It is much used for making cameos. -- Queen consort, the wife
   of a reigning king. Blackstone. -- Queen dowager, the widow of a king.
   --  Queen  gold,  formerly  a revenue of the queen consort of England,
   arising  from  gifts, fines, etc. -- Queen mother, a queen dowager who
   is also mother of the reigning king or queen. -- Queen of May. See May
   queen, under May. -- Queen of the meadow (Bot.), a European herbaceous
   plant  (Spir\'91a  Ulmaria).  See Meadowsweet. -- Queen of the prairie
   (Bot.),  an  American  herb  (Spir\'91a lobata) with ample clusters of
   pale  pink  flowers.  --  Queen  pigeon (Zo\'94l.), any one of several
   species of very large and handsome crested ground pigeons of the genus
   Goura,  native of New Guinea and the adjacent islands. They are mostly
   pale  blue, or ash-blue, marked with white, and have a large occipital
   crest  of  spatulate  feathers. Called also crowned pigeon, goura, and
   Victoria  pigeon.  -- Queen regent, OR Queen regnant, a queen reigning
   in  her  own  right.  --  Queen's  Bench. See King's Bench. -- Queen's
   counsel,  Queen's evidence. See King's counsel, King's evidence, under
   King.  --  Queen's  delight  (Bot.),  an  American  plant  (Stillinqia
   sylvatica)  of  the  Spurge  family,  having  an herbaceous stem and a
   perennial  woody  root.  --  Queen's metal (Metal.), an alloy somewhat
   resembling pewter or britannia, and consisting essentially of tin with
   a  slight  admixture  of  antimony,  bismuth,  and  lead or copper. --
   Queen's  pigeon.  (Zo\'94l.)  Same  as Queen pigeon, above. -- Queen's
   ware,  glazed  English earthenware of a cream color. -- Queen's yellow
   (Old  Chem.),  a  heavy  yellow  powder consisting of a basic mercuric
   sulphate; -- formerly called turpetum minerale, or Turbith's mineral.


   Queen, v. i. To act the part of a queen. Shak.


   Queen,  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Queened (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Queening.]
   (Chess.)  To make a queen (or other piece, at the player's discretion)
   of by moving it to the eighth row; as, to queen a pawn.


   Queen"craft` (?), n. Craft or skill in policy on the part of a queen.

     Elizabeth  showed  much  queencraft  in  procuring the votes of the
     nobility. Fuller.


   Queen"dom  (?),  n.  The dominion, condition, or character of a queen.
   Mrs. Browning.


   Queen"fish`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  California sci\'91noid food fish
   (Seriphys politus). The back is bluish, and the sides and belly bright
   silvery. Called also kingfish.


   Queen"hood  (?),  n.  The state, personality, or character of a queen;
   queenliness. Tennyson.


   Queen"ing  (?),  n. [See Queen apple.] (Bot.) Any one of several kinds
   of  apples,  as summer queening, scarlet queening, and early queening.
   An  apple  called  the  queening was cultivated in England two hundred
   years ago.


   Queen"li*ness   (?),   n.   The   quality   of   being  queenly;  the;
   characteristic  of  a  queen;  stateliness;  eminence  among  women in
   attractions or power.


   Queen"ly,  a. [AS. cw&emac;nlic feminine.] Like, becoming, or suitable
   to, a queen.


   Oueen"-post`  (?),  n.  [Arch.]  One of two suspending posts in a roof
   truss, or other framed truss of similar form. See King-post.


   Queen"ship, n. The state, rank, or dignity of a queen.

                                Queensland nut

   Queens"land  nut` (?). (Bot.) The nut of an Australian tree (Macadamia
   ternifolia).  It  is  about an inch in diameter, and contains a single
   round  edible  seed,  or  sometimes two hemispherical seeds. So called
   from Queensland in Australia.

                                  Queen truss

   Queen"   truss  (?).  (Arch.)  A  truss  framed  with  queen-posts;  a
   queen-post truss.


   Queer (?), a. [Compar. Queerer (?); superl. Queerest.] [G. quer cross,
   oblique,  athwart  (cf.  querkopf  a  queer fellow), OHG. twer, twerh,
   dwerah;  akin  to  D.  dvars,  AS, ■weorh thwart, bent, twisted, Icel.
   ■verr  thwart,  transverse,  Goth.  ■wa\'8drhs  angry, and perh. to L.
   torqyere to twist, and E. through. Cf. Torture, Through, Thwart, a.]

   1. At variance with what is usual or normal; differing in some odd way
   from  what is ordinary; odd; singular; strange; whimsical; as, a queer
   story or act. " A queer look." W. Irving.

   2.  Mysterious;  suspicious;  questionable;  as,  a queer transaction.


   Queer,  n.  Counterfeit  money.  [Slang]  To  shove  the queer, to put
   counterfeit money in circulation. [Slang]


   Queer"ish, a. Rather queer; somewhat singular.


   Queer"ly, adv. In a queer or odd manner.


   Queer"ness, n. The quality or state of being queer.


   Queest  (?),  n. [Cf. Icel. kvisa a kind of bird, kvistr a branch of a
   tree,  and  E.  cushat.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The  European  ringdove (Columba
   palumbus);  the  cushat.  [Written also quist, queeze, quice, queece.]
   See Ringdove.


   Quegh (?), n. A drinking vessel. See Quaich.


   Queint (?), a. See Quaint. [Obs.]


   Queint, obs. imp. & p. p. of Quench. Chaucer.


   Queint"ise (?), n. See Quaintise. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Quell  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Quelled (; p. pr. & vb. n. Quelling.]
   [See Quail to cower.]

   1. To die. [Obs.]

     Yet he did quake and quaver, like to quell. Spenser.

   2. To be subdued or abated; to yield; to abate. [R.]

     Winter's wrath begins to quell. Spenser.


   Quell, v. t. [OE. quellen to kill, AS. cwellan, causative of cwelan to
   die;  akin  to  OHG.  quellen  to  torment, Icel. kvelja. See Quail to

   1. To take the life of; to kill. [Obs.] Spenser.

     The ducks cried as [if] men would them quelle. Chaucer.

   2. To overpower; to subdue; to put down.

     The  nation  obeyed  the  call,  rallied  round  the sovereign, and
     enabled him to quell the disaffected minority. Macaulay.

     Northward marching to quell the sudden revolt. Longfellow.

   3.  To  quiet; to allay; to pacify; to cause to yield or cease; as, to
   quell grief; to quell the tumult of the soul.

     Much did his words the gentle lady quell. Spenser.

   Syn.  --  to  subdue;  crush;  overpower;  reduce;  put down; repress;
   suppress; quiet; allay; calm; pacify.


   Quell, n. Murder. [Obs.] Shak.


   Quell"er (?), n.

   1. A killer; as, Jack the Giant Queller. [Obs.] Wyclif (Mark vi. 27).

   2. One who quells; one who overpowers or subdues.


   Quel"li*o  (?),  n. [Sp. cuello, L. collum neck.] A ruff for the neck.
   [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Quelque"chose`  (?),  n.  [F.  quelque  chose  something.] A trifle; a
   kickshaw. Donne.


   Queme  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  [AS.  cw&emac;man,  akin to cuman to come.
   &root;23.] To please. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Queme"ful (?), a. Kindly; merciful. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Quench  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Quenched  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Quenching.]  [OE.  quenchen, AS. cwencan in \'becwencan, to extinguish
   utterly,  causative  of  cwincan, \'becwincan, to decrease, disappear;
   cf. AS. cw\'c6nan, \'becw\'c6nan, to waste or dwindle away.]

   1.  To  extinguish;  to overwhelm; to make an end of; -- said of flame
   and  fire,  of  things  burning,  and  figuratively  of sensations and
   emotions;  as,  to quench flame; to quench a candle; to quench thirst,
   love, hate, etc.

     Ere our blood shall quench that fire. Shak.

     The  supposition  of the lady's death Will quench the wonder of her
     infamy. Shak.

   2.  To  cool  suddenly,  as  heated  steel,  in  tempering. Syn. -- To
   extinguish; still; stifle; allay; cool; check.


   Quench,  v.  i.  To  become extinguished; to go out; to become calm or
   cool. [R.]

     Dost thou think in time She will not quench! Shak.


   Quench"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being quenched.


   Quench"er (?), n. One who, or that which, quenches. Hammond.


   Quench"less,  a.  Incapable  of  being quenched; inextinguishable; as,
   quenchless  fire  or fury. "Once kindled, quenchless evermore." Byron.
   Syn.  --  Inextinguishable;  unquenchable.  -- Quench"less*ly, adv. --
   Quench"less*ness, n.


   Que*nelle"  (?),  n.  [F.]  (Cookery)  A  kind  of delicate forcemeat,
   commonly poached and used as a dish by itself or for garnishing.

                              Quenouille training

   Que*nouille  train"ing  (?). [F. quenouille distaff.] (Hort.) A method
   of training trees or shrubs in the shape of a cone or distaff by tying
   down the branches and pruning.


   Quer`ci*tan"nic  (?),  a.  [L.  quercus  an  oak + E. tannic.] (Chem.)
   Pertaining  to,  or  designating,  a tannic acid found in oak bark and
   extracted as a yellowish brown amorphous substance.


   Quer"cite  (?),  n.  (Chem.) A white crystalline substance, C6H7(OH)5,
   found in acorns, the fruit of the oak (Quercus). It has a sweet taste,
   and is regarded as a pentacid alcohol.


   Quer"ci*tin  (?), n. (Chem.) A yellow crystalline substance, occurring
   quite  widely  distributed  in the vegetable kingdom, as is apple-tree
   bark,  horse-chestnut  leaves,  etc.,  but  originally obtained by the
   decomposition of quercitrin. Called also meletin.


   Quer"cit*rin  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. quercitrin. See Quercitron.] (Chem.) A
   glucoside  extracted  from  the  bark of the oak (Quercus) as a bitter
   citron-yellow  crystalline  substance,  used  as  a pigment and called


   Quer"cit*ron  (?), n. [F. quercitron, the name of the name of tree; L.
   quercus an oak + citrus the citron tree.]

   1.  The yellow inner bark of the Quercus tinctoria, the American black
   oak,  yellow  oak,  dyer's oak, or quercitron oak, a large forest tree
   growing from Maine to eastern Texas.

   2. Quercitrin, used as a pigment. See Quercitrin.


   Quer"cus  (?), n. [L., an oak.] (Bot.) A genus of trees constituted by
   the oak. See Oak.


   Quer"ele  (?),  n.  [See  2d  Quarrel.] (O. Eng. Law) A complaint to a
   court. See Audita Querela. [Obs.] Ayliffe.


   Que"rent  (?),  n. [L. querens, p. pr. of queri to complain.] (O. Eng.
   Law) A complainant; a plaintiff.


   Que"rent,  n.  [L.  quaerens,  p.  pr.  of  quaerere to search for, to
   inquire.] An inquirer. [Obs.] Aubrey.


   Quer`*mo"ni*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  querimonia  a  complaint, fr. queri to
   complain.  See Querulous.] Complaining; querulous; apt to complain. --
   Quer`i*mo"ni*ous*ly, adv. -- Quer`i*mo"ni*ous*ness, n.


   Quer"i*mo*ny  (?),  n.  [L.  querimonia.]  A complaint or complaining.
   [Obs.] E. Hall.


   Que"rist  (?),  n.  [See  Query.] One who inquires, or asks questions.


   Querk"en  (?),  v.  t. [Icel. kverk throat. To stifle or choke. [Prov.
   Eng.] Halliwell.


   Querl  (?),  v.  t. [G. querlen, quirlen, to twirl, to turn round, fr.
   querl,  querl, a twirling stick. Cf. Twirl.] To twirl; to turn or wind
   round; to coil; as, to querl a cord, thread, or rope. [Local, U.S.]


   Querl,  n. A coil; a twirl; as, the qwerl of hair on the fore leg of a
   blooded horse. [Local, U. S.]


   Quern (?), n. [AS. cweorn, cwyrn; akin to D. kweern, OHG. quirn, Icel.
   kvern,  Sw.  qvarn, Dan. qu\'91rn, Goth. qairnus (in asiluqa\'a1rnus),
   Lith.  q\'8drnos,  and  perh. E. corn.] A mill for grinding grain, the
   upper  stone of which was turned by hand; -- used before the invention
   of windmills and watermills. Shak.

     They made him at the querne grind. Chaucer.


   Quer"po (?), n. The inner or body garments taken together. See Cuerpo.


   Quer"que*dule  (?),  n.  [L. querquedula.] (Zool.) (a) A teal. (b) The
   pintail duck.


   Quer"ry (?), n. A groom; an equerry. [Obs.]


   Quer`u*len"tial (?), a. Querulous. [R.]


   Quer"u*lous  (?),  a.  [L.  querulus  and  querulosus,  fr.  queri  to
   complain. Cf. Cry, v., Quarrel a brawl, Quarrelous.]

   1. Given to quarreling; quarrelsome. [Obs.] land.

   2.  Apt to find fault; habitually complaining; disposed to murmur; as,
   a querulous man or people.

     Enmity  can  hardly  be  more  annoying  that  querulous,  jealous,
     exacting fondness. Macaulay.

   3.  Expressing  complaint;  fretful;  whining; as, a querulous tone of
   voice.  Syn.  -- Complaining; bewailing; lamenting; whining; mourning;
   murmuring;  discontented;  dissatisfied.  --  Quer"u*lous*ly,  adv. --
   Quer"u*lous*ness, n.


   Que"ry  (?),  n.;  pl.  Queries  (#).  [L. quaere, imperative sing. of
   quaerere,  quaesitum  to  seek  or  search  for,  to ask, inquire. Cf.
   Acquire, Conquer, Exquisite, Quest, Require.]

   1. A question; an inquiry to be answered or solved.

     I  shall conclude with proposing only some queries, in order to a .
     . . search to be made by others. Sir I. Newton.

   2.  A  question  in  the  mind;  a doubt; as, I have a query about his

   3. An interrogation point [?] as the sign of a question or a doubt.


   Que"ry, v. i.

   1. To ask questions; to make inquiry.

     Each prompt to query, answer, and debate. Pope.

   2. To have a doubt; as, I query if he is right.


   Que"ry, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Queried (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Querying.]

   1.  To put questions about; to elicit by questioning; to inquire into;
   as, to query the items or the amount; to query the motive or the fact.

   2. To address questions to; to examine by questions.

   3. To doubt of; to regard with incredulity.

   4. To write " query" (qu., qy., or ?) against, as a doubtful spelling,
   or sense, in a proof. See Qu\'91re.


   Que*sal"  (?),  n  (Zo\'94l.)  The long-tailed, or resplendent, trogon
   (Pharomachus mocinno, formerly Trogon resplendens), native of Southern
   Mexico and Central America. Called alsoquetzal, and golden trogon.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ma le is  re markable fo r the brilliant metallic
     green  and  gold  colors of his plumage, and for his extremely long
     plumes, which often exceed three feet in length.

   <-- The feathers were valued as part of the dress of Inca kings -->

   Page 1177


   Quest (?), n. [OF. queste, F. qu\'88te, fr. L. quaerere, quaesitum, to
   seek for, to ask. Cf. Query, Question.]

   1.  The  act of seeking, or looking after anything; attempt to find or
   obtain;  search;  pursuit;  as,  to  rove  in quest of game, of a lost
   child, of property, etc.

     Upon an hard adventure yet in quest. Spenser.

     Cease your quest of love. Shak.

     There ended was his quest, there ceased his care. Milton.

   2. Request; desire; solicitation.

     Gad  not  abroad  at  every  quest and call Of an untrained hope or
     passion. Herbert.

   3. Those who make search or inquiry, taken collectively.

     The  senate hath sent about three several quests to search you out.

   4. Inquest; jury of inquest.

     What lawful quest have given their verdict ? Shak.


   Quest,  v. t. [Cf. OF. quester, F. qu\'88ter. See Quest, n.] To search
   for; to examine. [R.] Sir T. Herbert. 


   Quest,  v. i. To go on a quest; to make a search; to go in pursuit; to
   beg. [R.]

     If  his  questing  had  been  unsuccessful, he appeased the rage of
     hunger with some scraps of broken meat. Macaulay.


   Quest"ant  (?),  n.  [OF.  questant,  F.  gu\'88tant,  p. pr.] One who
   undertakes a quest; a seeker. [Obs.] Shak.


   Quest"er (?), n. One who seeks; a seeker. [Obs.]


   Ques"tion  (?),  n.  [F., fr. L. quaestio, fr. quaerere, quaesitum, to
   seek for, ask, inquire. See Quest, n.]

   1.  The  act  of  asking;  interrogation;  inquiry;  as, to examine by
   question and answer.

   2. Discussion; debate; hence, objection; dispute; doubt; as, the story
   is true beyond question; he obeyed without question.

     There  arose  a  question  between some of John's disciples and the
     Jews about purifying. John iii. 25.

     It is to be to question, whether it be lawful for Christian princes
     to  make  an  invasive war simply for the propagation of the faith.

   3.  Examination  with  reference  to a decisive result; investigation;
   specifically,  a judicial or official investigation; also, examination
   under torture. Blackstone.

     He  that  was in question for the robbery. Shak. The Scottish privy
     council had power to put state prisoners to the question. Macaulay.

   4. That which is asked; inquiry; interrogatory; query.

     But this question asked Puts me in doubt. Lives there who loves his
     pain ? Milton.

   5. Hence, a subject of investigation, examination, or debate; theme of
   inquiry;  matter  to  be  inquired  into;  as,  a delicate or doubtful

   6. Talk; conversation; speech; speech.[Obs.] Shak.
   In  question,  in  debate; in the course of examination or discussion;
   as,  the  matter  or point in question. -- Leading question. See under
   Leading.  --  Out of question, unquestionably. "Out of question, 't is
   Maria's  hand."  Shak.  -- Out of the question. See under Out. -- Past
   question,  beyond question; certainly; undoubtedly; unquestionably. --
   Previous question, a question put to a parliamentary assembly upon the
   motion  of  a  member, in order to ascertain whether it is the will of
   the body to vote at once, without further debate, on the subject under

     NOTE: The fo rm of the question is: "Shall the main question be now
     put?" If the vote is in the affirmative, the matter before the body
     must  be  voted  upon  as  it  then stands, without further general
     debate  or  the  submission  of  new  amendments.  In  the House of
     Representatives  of  the United States, and generally in America, a
     negative  decision operates to keep the business before the body as
     if  the motion had not been made; but in the English Parliament, it
     operates  to  postpone  consideration  for  the  day, and until the
     subject  may  be again introduced. In American practice, the object
     of  the  motion  is to hasten action, and it is made by a friend of
     the  measure.  In English practice, the object is to get rid of the
     subject  for  the time being, and the motion is made with a purpose
     of voting against it. Cushing.

   --  To  beg  the  question.  See under Beg. -- To the question, to the
   point  in  dispute;  to  the  real matter under debate. Syn. -- Point;
   topic; subject.


   Ques"tion,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Questioned  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Questioning.] [Cf. F. questionner. See Question, n.]

   1. To ask questions; to inquire.

     He that questioneth much shall lean much. Bacon.

   2. To argue; to converse; to dispute. [Obs.]

     I pray you, think you question with the Jew. Shak.


   Ques"tion, v. t.

   1.  To  inquire of by asking questions; to examine by interrogatories;
   as, to question a witness.

   2. To doubt of; to be uncertain of; to query.

     And most we question what we most desire. Prior.

   3.  To  raise a question about; to call in question; to make objection
   to.  "But  have  power and right to question thy bold entrance on this
   place." Milton.

   4. To talk to; to converse with.

     With many holiday and lady terms he questioned me. Shak.

   Syn. -- To ask; interrogate; catechise; doubt; controvert; dispute. --
   Question,  Inquire,  Interrogate.  To  inquire  is  merely  to ask for
   information,  and  implies  no  authority  in  the  one  who  asks. To
   interrogate  is  to  put  repeated questions in a formal or systematic
   fashion  to  elicit  some  particular fact or facts. To question has a
   wider  sense  than  to  interrogate,  and often implies an attitude of
   distrust or opposition on the part of the questioner.


   Ques`tion*a*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.  The  state  or  condition  of  being
   questionable. Stallo.


   Ques"tion*a*ble (?), a.

   1.  Admitting  of  being  questioned;  inviting, or seeming to invite,
   inquiry. [R.]

     Thou com'st in such a questionable shape That I will speak to thee.

   2.  Liable  to  question; subject to be doubted or called in question;
   problematical; doubtful; suspicious.

     It is questionable whether Galen ever saw the dissection of a human
     body.T. Baker.

   Syn.  --  Disputable;  debatable;  uncertain; doubtful; problematical;


   Ques"tion*a*ble*ness,  n.  The quality or state of being questionable,
   doubtful, or suspicious.


   Ques"tion*a*bly, adv. In a questionable manner.


   Ques"tion*a*ry   (?),   a.   Inquiring;   asking  questions;  testing.
   "Questionary epistles." Pope.


   Ques"tion*a*ry,  n. One who makes it his business to seek after relics
   and carry them about for sale.


   Ques"tion*er (?), n. One who asks questions; an inquirer. "Little time
   for idle questioners." Tennyson.


   Ques"tion*ist, n.

   1. A questioner; an inquirer. [Obs.]

   2. (Eng. Univ.) A candidate for honors or degrees who is near the time
   of his examination.


   Ques"tion*less, a. Unquestioning; incurious. [R.]


   Ques"tion*less,   adv.   Beyond   a   question  or  doubt;  doubtless;
   certainly.[R.] South.

     What  it  was in the apostles' time, that, questionless, it must be
     still. Milton.


   Quest"man (?), n.; pl. Questmen (. One legally empowered to make quest
   of   certain   matters,  esp.  of  abuses  of  weights  and  measures.
   Specifically:  (a)  A  churchwarden's  assistant;  a sidesman. Blount.
   [Obs.] (b) A collector of parish rents. Blount. [Obs.]


   Quest"mon`ger  (?), n. One who lays informations, and encourages petty
   lawsuits. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Ques"tor  (?),  n.  [L.  quaestor, contr. fr. quaesitor, fr. quaerere,
   quaesitum,  to  seek  for,  ask:  cf.  F.  questeur.] (Rom. Antiq.) An
   officer  who  had the management of the public treasure; a receiver of
   taxes, tribute, etc.; treasurer of state. [Written also qu\'91stor.]

     NOTE: &hand; At  an  ea rly pe riod there were also public accusers
     styled questors, but the office was soon abolished.


   Ques"tor*ship, n. The office, or the term of office, of a questor.


   Quest"rist  (?),  n.  [See  Quest.]  A  seeker; a pursuer. [Obs.] "Hot
   questrists after him." Shak.


   Ques"tu*a*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  quaestuarius, from quaestus gain, profit,
   quaerere,  quaesitum,  to  seek for, earn.] Studious of profit. [Obs.]
   Sir T. Browne.


   Ques"tu*a*ry,  n.  One  employed  to collect profits. [R.] "The pope's
   questuaries." Jer. Taylor.


   Quet (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The common guillemot. [Prov. Eng.]


   Queue  (?),  n.  [F.  See  Cue.]  (a) A tail-like appendage of hair; a
   pigtail. (b) A line of persons waiting anywhere.


   Queue, v. t. To fasten, as hair, in a queue.


   Quey (?), n. [Cf. Dan. qvie.] A heifer. [Scot.]


   Quib (?), n. [Cf. Quip.] A quip; a gibe.


   Quib"ble  (?), n. [Probably fr. quib, quip, but influenced by quillet,
   or quiddity.]

   1.  A  shift or turn from the point in question; a trifling or evasive
   distinction; an evasion; a cavil.

     Quibbles have no place in the search after truth. I. Watts.

   2. A pun; a low conceit.


   Quib"ble,  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Quibbled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Quibbling

   1.  To  evade  the  point  in  question  by artifice, play upon words,
   caviling,  or  by raising any insignificant or impertinent question or
   point; to trifle in argument or discourse; to equivocate.

   2.  To  pun; to practice punning. Cudworth. Syn. -- To cavil; shuffle;
   equivocate; trifle.


   Quib"bler (?), n. One who quibbles; a caviler; also, a punster.


   Quib"bling*ly (?), adv. Triflingly; evasively.


   Qui"ca  (?),  n.  [From the native Brazilian name.] (Zo\'94l.) A small
   South American opossum (Didelphys quica), native of Guiana and Brazil.
   It feeds upon insects, small birds, and fruit.


   Quice (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Queest.


   Quich (?), v. i. [Cf. Quinch.] To stir. [Obs.]

     He could not move nor quich at all. Spenser.


   Quick  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Quicker  (?); superl. Quickest.] [As. cwic,
   cwicu,  cwucu,  cucu,  living;  akin  to OS. quik, D. kwik, OHG. quec,
   chec,  G.  keck  bold,  lively,  Icel. kvikr living, Goth. qius, Lith.
   q&ymac;vas,  Russ.  zhivoi, L. vivus living, vivere to live, Gr. bi`os
   life,  Skr.  j\'c6va  living,  j\'c6v  to  live. Cf. Biography, Vivid,
   Quitch grass, Whitlow.]

   1. Alive; living; animate; -- opposed to dead or inanimate.

     Not fully quyke, ne fully dead they were. Chaucer.

     The  Lord  Jesus  Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at
     his appearing and his kingdom. 2 Tim. iv. 1.

     Man is no star, but a quick coal Of mortal fire. Herbert.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th is sense the word is nearly obsolete, except in
     some compounds, or in particular phrases.

   2.  Characterized  by  life or liveliness; animated; sprightly; agile;
   brisk; ready. " A quick wit." Shak.

   3. Speedy; hasty; swift; not slow; as, be quick

     Oft he her his charge of quick return Repeated. Milton.

   4.  Impatient;  passionate; hasty; eager; eager; sharp; unceremonious;
   as, a quick temper.

     The  bishop was somewhat quick with them, and signified that he was
     much offended. Latimer.

   5. Fresh; bracing; sharp; keen.

     The  air  is  quick there, And it pierces and sharpens the stomach.

   6. Sensitive; perceptive in a high degree; ready; as, a quick ear. "To
   have an open ear, a quick eye." Shak.

     They say that women are so quick. Tennyson.

   7. Pregnant; with child. Shak.
   Quick grass. (Bot.) See Quitch grass. -- Quick match. See under Match.
   -- Quick vein (Mining), a vein of ore which is productive, not barren.
   --  Quick vinegar, vinegar made by allowing a weak solution of alcohol
   to  trickle  slowly  over  shavings or other porous material. -- Quick
   water,  quicksilver water. -- Quick with child, pregnant with a living
   child.  Syn.  --  Speedy;  expeditious;  swift;  rapid; hasty; prompt;
   ready; active; brisk; nimble; fleet; alert; agile; lively; sprightly.


   Quick  (?),  adv.  In a quick manner; quickly; promptly; rapidly; with
   haste; speedily; without delay; as, run quick; get back quick.

     If  we  consider  how  very  quick  the  actions  of  the  mind are
     performed. Locke.


   Quick, n.

   1.  That  which  is  quick,  or  alive;  a  living  animal  or  plant;
   especially,  the  hawthorn,  or  other  plants used in making a living

     The works . . . are curiously hedged with quick. Evelyn.

   2.  The  life;  the  mortal point; a vital part; a part susceptible of
   serious  injury  or keen feeling; the sensitive living flesh; the part
   of a finger or toe to which the nail is attached; the tender emotions;
   as, to cut a finger nail to the quick; to thrust a sword to the quick,
   to taunt one to the quick; -- used figuratively.

     This test nippeth, . . . this toucheth the quick. Latimer.

     How  feebly and unlike themselves they reason when they come to the
     quick of the difference ! Fuller.

   3. (Bot.) Quitch grass. Tennyson.


   Quick,  v.  t.  &  i.  [See  Quicken.] To revive; to quicken; to be or
   become alive. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Quick"beam` (?), n. [A. S. cwicbe\'a0m.] See Quicken tree.


   Quick"en  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. quickened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Quickening.] [AS. cwician. See Quick, a.]

   1.  To  make alive; to vivify; to revive or resuscitate, as from death
   or an inanimate state; hence, to excite; to, stimulate; to incite.

     The mistress which I serve quickens what's dead. Shak.

     Like a fruitful garden without an hedge, that quickens the appetite
     to enjoy so tempting a prize. South.

   2.  To  make lively, active, or sprightly; to impart additional energy
   to;  to  stimulate;  to make quick or rapid; to hasten; to accelerate;
   as,  to quicken one's steps or thoughts; to quicken one's departure or

   3.  (Shipbuilding)  To  shorten  the  radius  of (a curve); to make (a
   curve)  sharper;  as, to quicken the sheer, that is, to make its curve
   more   pronounced.   Syn.   --   To   revive;   resuscitate;  animate;
   reinvigorate;  vivify;  refresh;  stimulate;  sharpen; incite; hasten;
   accelerate; expedite; dispatch; speed.


   Quick"en, v. i.

   1.  To come to life; to become alive; to become vivified or enlivened;
   hence, to exhibit signs of life; to move, as the fetus in the womb.

     The  heart is the first part that quickens, and the last that dies.

     And keener lightnings quicken in her eye. Pope.

     When  the  pale  and  bloodless  east  began To quicken to the sun.

   2.  To  move with rapidity or activity; to become accelerated; as, his
   pulse quickened.


   Quick"en*er, n. One who, or that which, quickens.


   Quick"en*ing, n.

   1. The act or process of making or of becoming quick.

   2.  (Physiol.)  The  first motion of the fetus in the womb felt by the
   mother,  occurring  usually about the middle of the term of pregnancy.
   It  has  been  popularly  supposed  to  be  due  to the fetus becoming
   possessed of independent life.


   Quick"ens (?), n. (Bot.) Quitch grass.

                                 Quicken tree

   Quick"en  tree`  (?).  [Probably  from quick, and first applied to the
   aspen  or  some  tree  with  quivering  leaves;  cf.  G.  quickenbaum,
   quizenbaum,  quitschenbaum.  Cf.  Quitch  grass.]  (Bot.) The European
   rowan tree; -- called also quickbeam, and quickenbeam. See Rowan tree.


   Quick"hatch`  (?),  n. [From the American Indian name.] (Zo\'94l.) The


   Quick"lime  (?),  n.  [See Quick, a.] (Chem.) Calcium oxide; unslacked
   lime;  --  so  called because when wet it develops great heat. See 4th
   Lime, 2.


   Quick"ly,  adv. Speedily; with haste or celerity; soon; without delay;


   Quick"ness, n.

   1. The condition or quality of being quick or living; life. [Obs.]

     Touch it with thy celestial quickness. Herbert.

   2.   Activity;  briskness;  especially,  rapidity  of  motion;  speed;
   celerity; as, quickness of wit.

     This deed . . . must send thee hence With fiery quickness. Shak.

     His mind had, indeed, great quickness and vigor. Macaulay.

   3. Acuteness of perception; keen sensibility.

     Would  not  quickness of sensation be an inconvenience to an animal
     that must lie still ? Locke

   4. Sharpness; pungency of taste. Mortimer. Syn. -- Velocity; celerity;
   rapidity;  speed;  haste; expedition; promptness; dispatch; swiftness;
   nimbleness;  fleetness;  agility;  briskness;  liveliness;  readiness;
   sagacity; shrewdness; shrewdness; sharpness; keenness.


   Quick"sand` (?), n. Sand easily moved or readily yielding to pressure;
   especially,  a  deep  mass  of  loose or moving sand mixed with water,
   sometimes found at the mouth of a river or along some coasts, and very
   dangerous,  from  the  difficulty  of  extricating a person who begins
   sinking into it.

     Life hath quicksands, -- Life hath snares! Longfellow.

   Page 1178


   Quick"-scent`ed (?), a. Acute of smell.


   Quick"set`  (?),  n.  A  living plant set to grow, esp. when set for a
   hedge; specifically, the hawthorn.


   Quick"set`, a. Made of quickset.

     Dates and pomegranates on the quickset hedges. Walpole.


   Quick"set`,  v.  t.  To plant with living shrubs or trees for a hedge;
   as, to quickset a ditch. Mortimer.


   Quick"-sight`ed (?), a. Having quick sight or acute discernment; quick
   to see or to discern. Locke. --Quick"-sight`ed*ness, n.


   Quick"sil`ver  (?),  n.  [Quick living + silver; -- so called from its
   fluidity;  cf.  G.  quecksilber,  L.  argentum  vivum.  See Quick, a.]
   (Chem.) The metal mercury; -- so called from its resemblance to liquid
   silver. Quicksilver horizon, a mercurial artificial horizon. See under
   Horizon.  --  Quicksilver water, a solution of mercury nitrate used in
   artificial silvering; quick water.


   Quick"sil`vered  (?), a. Overlaid with quicksilver, or with an amalgam
   of quicksilver and tinfoil.


   Quick"sil`ver*ing  (?),  n.  The  mercury  and  foil  on the back of a


   Quick"step`  (?),  n.  (Mus.) A lively, spirited march; also, a lively
   style of dancing.


   Quick"-wit`ted (?), a. Having ready wit Shak.


   Quick"-wit`ted*ness,  n.  Readiness of wit. "Celtic quick-wittedness."
   M. Arnold.


   Quick"work`  (?),  n.  (Naut.) A term somewhat loosely used to denote:
   (a) All the submerged section of a vessel's planking. (b) The planking
   between  the  spirketing  and the clamps. (c) The short planks between
   the portholes.


   Quid  (?), n. [See Cud.] A portion suitable to be chewed; a cud; as, a
   quid of tobacco.


   Quid,  v.  t.  (Man.)  To  drop from the mouth, as food when partially
   chewed; -- said of horses. Youatt.


   Qui"dam (?), n. [L.] Somebody; one unknown. Spenser.


   Quid"da*ny  (?),  n.  [L.  cydoneum  quince  juice,  quince  wine. See
   Quince.]  A  confection of quinces, in consistency between a sirup and


   Quid"da*tive  (?), a. [See Quiddity.] Constituting, or containing, the
   essence of a thing; quidditative.


   Quid"dit  (?), n. [Cf. Quiddity, Quillet, and Quibble.] A subtilty; an
   equivocation. [Obs.] Shak.

     By some strange quiddit or some wrested clause. Drayton.


   Quid"di*ta*tive (?), a. Quiddative.


   Quid"di*ty  (?),  n.;  pl. Quiddities (#). [LL. quidditas, fr. L. quid
   what, neut. of quis who, akin to E. who: cf. F. quiddit\'82.]

   1.  The  essence, nature, or distinctive peculiarity, of a thing; that
   which  answers the question, Quid est? or, What is it? " The degree of
   nullity and quiddity." Bacon.

     The   quiddity   or   characteristic   difference   of   poetry  as
     distinguished from prose. De Quincey.

   2. A trifling nicety; a cavil; a quibble.

     We laugh at the quiddities of those writers now. Coleridge.


   Quid"dle  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Quiddled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Quiddling (?).] [L. quid what.] To spend time in trifling employments,
   or  to  attend  to  useful  subjects  in an indifferent or superficial
   manner; to dawdle.

                               Quiddle, Quiddler

   Quid"dle  (?),  Quid"dler  (?),  n.  One  who  wastes his energy about
   trifles. Emerson.


   Quid"nunc  (?),  n.  [L.,  what  now?]  One  who  is  curious  to know
   everything  that  passes; one who knows, or pretends to know, all that
   is going on. "The idle stories of quidnuncs." Motley.


   Qui*esce"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Quiesced (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Quiescing  (?).]  [L. quiescere, akin to quies rest, quiet. See Quiet,
   a. & n.] To be silent, as a letter; to have no sound. M. Stuart.

                            Quiescence, Quiescency

   Qui*es"cence   (?),   Qui*es"cen*cy   (?),  n.  [L.  quiescentia,  fr.
   quiescens,  p.  pr.;  cf.  F.  quiestence.  See Quiesce.] The state or
   quality  of  being  quiescent.  "Quiescence,  bodily  and  mental." H.

     Deeds will be done; -- while be boasts his quiescence. R. Browning.


   Qui*es"cent (?), a. [L. quiescens, -entis, p. pr. of quiescere: cf. F.
   quiescent. See Quiesce.]

   1.  Being  in  a  state  of  repose; at rest; still; not moving; as, a
   quiescent body or fluid.

   2.  Not  ruffed  with passion; unagitated; not in action; not excited;
   quiet; dormant; resting.

     In  times  of national security, the feeling of patriotism . . . is
     so quiescent that it seems hardly to exist. Prof. Wilson.

   3. (Gram.) Not sounded; silent; as, y is quiescent in "day" and "say."


   Qui*es"cent, n. (Gram.) A silent letter. M. Stuart.


   Qui*es"cent*ly, adv. In a quiescent manner.


   Qui"et  (?),  a. [Compar. Quieter (?); superl. Quietest.] [L. quietus,
   p.  p. pf quiescere to rest, keep quiet; akin to quies rest, and prob.
   to  E.  while,  n. See While, and cf. Coy, a., Quiesce, Quietus, Quit,
   a., Quite, Requiem.]

   1.  In  a  state  of rest or calm; without stir, motion, or agitation;
   still; as, a quiet sea; quiet air.

     They  .  . . were quiet all the night, saying, In the morning, when
     it is day, we shall kill him. Judg. xvi. 2.

   2. Free from noise or disturbance; hushed; still.

   3.  Not  excited  or  anxious;  calm; peaceful; placid; settled; as, a
   quiet  life;  a  quiet  conscience.  " So quiet and so sweet a style."

     That  son,  who  on  the  quiet  state of man Such trouble brought.

   4.   Not  giving  offense;  not  exciting  disorder  or  trouble;  not
   turbulent; gentle; mild; meek; contented.

     The ornament of a meek and quiet spirit. 1 Pet. iii. 4.

     I will sit as quiet as a lamb. Shak.

   5. Not showy; not such as to attract attention; undemonstrative; as, a
   quiet  dress; quiet colors; a quiet movement. Syn. -- Still; tranquil;
   calm;  unruffled;  smooth;  unmolested; undisturbed; placid; peaceful;
   mild; peaceable; meek; contented.


   Qui"et (?) n. [L. quies, -etis. See Quiet, a.]

   1.  The quality or state of being quiet, or in repose; as an hour or a
   time of quiet.

   2. Freedom from disturbance, noise, or alarm; stillness; tranquillity;
   peace; security.

     And join with thee, calm Peace and Quiet. Milton.

   At  quiet,  still;  peaceful. -- In quiet, quietly. " I will depart in
   quiet."  Shak.  --  Out  of quiet, disturbed; restless. [Obs.] "She is
   much out of quiet." Shak.
   Qui"et, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Quieted; p. pr. & vb. n. Quieting.] 

   1.  To  stop  motion in; to still; to reduce to a state of rest, or of

   2. To calm; to appease; to pacify; to lull; to allay; to tranquillize;
   as,  to  quiet  the  passions; to quiet clamors or disorders; to quiet
   pain or grief.

     Quiet yourselves, I pray, and be at peace. Shak.


   Qui"et,  v.  i.  To become still, silent, or calm; -- often with down;
   as, be soon quieted down.


   Qui"et*age (?), n. Quietness. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Qui"et*er (?), n. One who, or that which, quiets.


   Qui"et*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. qui\'82tisme.]

   1.  Peace  or  tranquillity  of  mind; calmness; indifference; apathy;
   dispassion; indisturbance; inaction.

   2.  (Eccl.  Hist.)  The  system  of the Quietists, who maintained that
   religion consists in the withdrawal of the mind from worldly interests
   and anxieties and its constant employment in the passive contemplation
   of God and his attributes.


   Qui"et*ist,  n.  [Cf. F. qui\'82tiste.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect of
   mystics  originated  in  the seventeenth century by Molinos, a Spanish
   priest living in Rome. See Quietism.


   Qui`et*is"tic  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  Quietists, or to


   Qui"et*ly, adv.

   1. In a quiet state or manner; without motion; in a state of rest; as,
   to lie or sit quietly.

   2.  Without  tumult, alarm, dispute, or disturbance; peaceably; as, to
   live quietly; to sleep quietly.

   3.  Calmly,  without  agitation  or violent emotion; patiently; as, to
   submit quietly to unavoidable evils.

   4.  Noiselessly;  silently;  without  remark or violent movement; in a
   manner  to  attract  little or no observation; as, he quietly left the


   Qui"et*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state of being quiet; freedom from
   noise, agitation, disturbance, or excitement; stillness; tranquillity;

     I would have peace and quietness. Shak.


   Qui"et*some (?), a. Calm; still. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Qui"e*tude, n. [L. quietudo: cf. F. qui\'82tude.] Rest; repose; quiet;
   tranquillity. Shelley.


   Qui*e"tus  (?),  n. [LL. quietus quit, discharged, L., at rest, quiet,
   dead. See Quiet, a., and cf. Quit, a.] Final discharge or acquittance,
   as  from  debt or obligation; that which silences claims; (Fig.) rest;

     When he himself might his quietus make With a bare bodkin. Shak.


   Quill  (?),  n.  [Perhaps fr. F. quille ninepin (see Kayless); but cf.
   also G. kiel a quill. MHG. kil, and Ir. cuille a quill.]

   1. One of the large feathers of a bird's wing, or one of the rectrices
   of the tail; also, the stock of such a feather.

   2. A pen for writing made by sharpening and splitting the point or nib
   of  the  stock  of a feather; as, history is the proper subject of his
   quill. Sir H. Wotton.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A spine of the hedgehog or porcupine. (b) The pen of
   a squid. See Pen.

   4.  (Mus.) (a) The plectrum with which musicians strike the strings of
   certain instruments. (b) The tube of a musical instrument.

     He touched the tender stops of various quills. Milton.

   5.  Something having the form of a quill; as: (a) The fold or plain of
   a  ruff.  (b)  (Weaving) A spindle, or spool, as of reed or wood, upon
   which  the  thread  for  the woof is wound in a shuttle. (c) (Mach.) A
   hollow spindle.
   Quill  bit,  a  bit  for  boring  resembling  the half of a reed split
   lengthways and having its end sharpened like a gouge. -- Quill driver,
   one  who works with a pen; a writer; a clerk. [Jocose] -- Quill nib, a
   small quill pen made to be used with a holder. Simmonds.


   Quill, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Quilled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Quilling.]

   1.  To  plaint  in  small cylindrical ridges, called quillings; as, to
   quill a ruffle.

     His cravat seemed quilled into a ruff. Goldsmith.

   2. To wind on a quill, as thread or yarn. Judd.

                                 Quillaia bark

   Quil*la"ia  bark`  (?).  (Bot.) The bark of a rosaceous tree (Quillaja
   Saponaria),  native  of  Chili. The bark is finely laminated, and very
   heavy  with  alkaline substances, and is used commonly by the Chilians
   instead of soap. Also called soap bark.


   Quill"back` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) An American fresh-water fish (Ictiobus,
   OR  Carpiodes,  cyprinus);  --  called  also  carp  sucker,  sailfish,
   spearfish, and skimback.


   Quilled  (?),  a.  Furnished with quills; also, shaped like quills. "A
   sharp-quilled  porcupine."  Shak. Quilled suture (Surg.), a variety of
   stitch  in  which  the  threads  after being passed deeply through the
   edges  of  a  wound  are secured about two quills or bodies of similar
   shape, in order to produce a suitable degree of pressure.


   Quil"let  (?),  n.  [L.  quidlibet  what  you please. Cf. Quiddit, and
   Quibble.]  Subtilty;  nicety;  quibble.  "Nice,  sharp quillets of the
   law." Shak.


   Quill"ing  (?),  n.  (a) A band of linen, muslin, or the like, fluted,
   folded, or plaited so as somewhat to resemble a row of quills. (b) One
   of the rounded plaits or flutings of such a band.


   Quill"wort`  (?), n. (Bot.) Any plant or species of the genus Isoetes,
   cryptogamous  plants  with  a cluster of elongated four-tubed rushlike
   leaves,  rising  from  a corm, and containing spores in their enlarged
   and  excavated  bases.  There  are  about  seventeen American species,
   usually  growing in the mud under still, shallow water. So called from
   the shape of the shape of the leaves.


   Quilt  (?),  n.  [OE.  quilte,  OF.  cuilte,  L. culcita bed, cushion,
   mattress.  Cf.  2d  Counterpoint,  Cushion.] Anything that is quilted;
   esp.,  a  quilted  bed  cover,  or a skirt worn by women; any cover or
   garment  made  by  putting  wool, cotton, etc., between two cloths and
   stitching them together; also, any outer bed cover.

     The beds were covered with magnificent quilts. Arbuthnot.


   Quilt, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Quilted; p. pr. & vb. n. Quilting.]

   1.  To  stitch  or  sew  together  at  frequent intervals, in order to
   confine  in  place  the several layers of cloth and wadding of which a
   garment, comforter, etc., may be made; as, to quilt a coat. Dryden.

   2. To wad, as a garment, with warm soft material.

   3. To stitch or sew in lines or patterns.


   Quilt"er (?), n. One who, or that which, quilts.


   Quilt"ing, n.

   1. The act of stitching or running in patterns, as in making a quilt.

   2. A quilting bee. See Bee, 2.

   3. The material used for making quilts.

   4. (Naut.) A coating of strands of rope for a water vessel.


   Quin  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A European scallop (Pecten opercularis), used
   as food. [Prov. Eng.]


   Quin*al"dine  (?),  n.  [Quinoline  +  aldehyde  + aniline.] (Chem.) A
   colorless liquid of a slightly pungent odor, C9H6N.CH3, first obtained
   as  a  condensation product of aldehyde and aniline, and regarded as a
   derivative  of  quinoline;  --  called also methyl quinoline. [Written
   also chinaldine.]


   Qui"na*ry (?), a. [L. quinarius, from quini five each, akin to quinque
   five:  cf.  F.quinaire.  See  Five.]  Consisting  of five; arranged by
   fives.  Boyle.  Quinary  system  (Zo\'94l.), a fanciful classification
   based on the hypothesis that each group contains five types.


   Qui"name (?), a. [L. quini five each.] (Bot.) Growing in sets of five;
   --  said especially of leaves composed of five leaflets set at the end
   of a common petiole.


   Qui"nate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of quinic acid. [Written also kinate.]


   Quin"a*zol  (?), n. [Quinoline + azote.] (Chem.) A complex nitrogenous
   base related to cinnoline. [Written also chinazol.]


   Quince  (?), n. [Prob. a pl. from OE. quyne, coin, OF. coin, cooin, F.
   coing,  from  L.  Cydonius  a  quince  tree,  as  adj.,  Cydonian, Gr.

   1. The fruit of a shrub (Cydonia vulgaris) belonging to the same tribe
   as  the  apple.  It somewhat resembles an apple, but differs in having
   many  seeds in each carpel. It has hard flesh of high flavor, but very
   acid, and is largely used for marmalade, jelly, and preserves.

   2. (Bot.) a quince tree or shrub.
   Japan  quince  (Bot.),  an  Eastern  Asiatic  shrub (Cydonia, formerly
   Pyrus,  Japonica)  and its very fragrant but inedible fruit. The shrub
   has  very showy flowers, usually red, but sometimes pink or white, and
   is  much  grown  for  ornament. -- Quince curculio (Zo\'94l.), a small
   gray  and yellow curculio (Conotrachelus crat\'91gi) whose larva lives
   in  quinces.  -- Quince tree (Bot.), the small tree (Cydonia vulgaris)
   which produces the quince.


   Quince"wort` (?), n. (Bot.) The squinancy. Called also quinsywort.


   Quinch  (?),  v.  i.  [Cf. OD. quincken to quiver, shake, Fries. quink
   hovering. Cf. Quich.] To stir; to wince. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Quin*cun"cial (?), [L. quincuncialis, from quincunx. See Quincunx.]

   1. Having the form of a quincunx.

   2.  (Bot.)  Having  the  leaves  of  a pentamerous calyx or corolla so
   imbricated  that two are exterior, two are interior, and the other has
   one edge exterior and one interior; as, quincuncial \'91stivation.
   Quincuncial  phyllotaxy  (Bot.),  an  arrangement  of five leaves in a
   spiral, each leaf two fifths of a circle from the next.


   Quin*cun"cial*ly, adv. In the manner or order of a quincunx.


   Quin"cunx (?), n. [L., fr. quingue five + uncia an ounce. The quincunx
   was  marked  by  five  small  spots  or balls. See Five, and Ounce the

   1.  An  arrangement of things by fives in a square or a rectangle, one
   being placed at each corner and one in the middle; especially, such an
   arrangement  of  trees  repeated indefinitely, so as to form a regular
   group with rows running in various directions.

   2. (Astrol.) The position of planets when distant from each other five
   signs, or 150░. Hutton.

   3.  (Bot.)  A  quincuncial arrangement, as of the parts of a flower in
   \'91stivation. See Quincuncial, 2.


   Quin*dec"a*gon  (?),  n.  [L.  quindecim fifteen + Gr. (Geom.) A plane
   figure with fifteen angles, and consequently fifteen sides.


   Quin`de*cem"vir  (?),  n.;  pl. E. Quindecemvirs (#), L. Quindecemviri
   (#).  [L., from quindecim fifteen + vir a man.] (Rom. Antiq.) One of a
   sacerdotal college of fifteen men whose chief duty was to take care of
   the Sibylline books.


   Quin`de*cem"vi*rate  (?), n. [L. quindecimviratus.] The body or office
   of the quindecemviri.


   Quin*dec"one  (?),  n.  [L. quindecim fifteen.] (Chem.) An unsaturated
   hydrocarbon,  C15H26, of the valylene series, produced artificially as
   an oily liquid. [Written also quindekone.]<-- now quindecene??-->

   Page 1179


   Quin`de*cyl"ic   (?),   n.  [L.  quindecim  fifteen  +  -yl.]  (Chem.)
   Pertaining  to,  or  designating,  an  acid  of the fatty acid series,
   containing fifteen atoms of carbon; called also pentadecylic acid.


   Quin"dem (?), n. A fifteenth part. [Obs.]


   Quin"dism (?), n. A fifteenth. [Obs.] Prynne.


   Quin*hy"drone  (?),  n.  [Quinone  +  hydroquinone.]  (Chem.)  A green
   crystalline   substance   formed   by   the   union  of  quinone  with
   hydroquinone,  or  as  an  intermediate  product  in  the oxidation of
   hydroquinone or the reduction of quinone. [Written also chinhydrone.]


   Quin"i*a (?), n. [NL.] (Chem.) Quinine.


   Quin"i*ble  (?),  n.  [L.  quini  five  each.] (Mus.) An interval of a
   fifth;  also, a part sung with such intervals. [Obs.] "He sang . . . a
   loud quynyble." Chaucer.


   Quin"ic  (?),  a. [See Quinine, and cf. Kinic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to,
   derived  from,  or  connected  with,  quinine  and  related compounds;
   specifically, designating a nonnitrogenous acid obtained from cinchona
   bark,  coffee, beans, etc., as a white crystalline substance. [Written
   also chinic, kinic.]


   Quin"i*cine  (?),  n. (Chem.) An uncrystallizable alkaloid obtained by
   the action of heat from quinine, with which it is isomeric.


   Quin"i*dine (?), n. (Chem.) An alkaloid isomeric with, and resembling,
   quinine,  found  in  certain  species  of  cinchona,  from which it is
   extracted  as  a bitter white crystalline substance; conchinine. It is
   used somewhat as a febrifuge. [Written also chinidine.]


   Qui"nine  (?), n. [F. (cf. Sp. quinina), fr. Sp. quina, or quinaquina,
   Peruvian  bark,  fr.  Peruv. kina, quina, bark. Cf. Kinic.] (Chem.) An
   alkaloid  extracted from the bark of several species of cinchona (esp.
   Cinchona   Calisaya)   as   a   bitter  white  crystalline  substance,
   C20H24N2O2.  Hence,  by  extension  (Med.),  any  of the salts of this
   alkaloid,  as  the  acetate,  chloride,  sulphate, etc., employed as a
   febrifuge  or antiperiodic. Called also quinia, quinina, etc. [Written
   also chinine.]


   Qui*nin"ic   (?),   a.   (Chem.)  Pertaining  to,  or  designating,  a
   nitrogenous  acid  obtained  as  a yellow crystalline substance by the
   oxidation of quinine.

                              Quininism, Quinism

   Qui"nin*ism (?), Qui"nism (?), n. (Med.) See Cinchonism.


   Qui*niz"a*rin   (?),  [Hydroquinone  +  alizarin.]  (Chem.)  A  yellow
   crystalline  substance  produced  artificially.  It  is  isomeric with


   Quin"i*zine  (?),  n.  [Quinoline  +  hydrazine.] (Chem.) any one of a
   series   of   nitrogenous   bases,   certain  of  which  are  used  as


   Quin"nat  (?),  n.  [From  the native name.] (Zo\'94l.) The California
   salmon  (Oncorhynchus  choicha); -- called also chouicha, king salmon,
   chinnook  salmon,  and  Sacramento  salmon.  It is of great commercial
   importance. [Written also quinnet.]


   Qui*no"a  (?),  n.  The  seeds  of  a  kind  of goosewort (Chenopodium
   Quinoa),  used  in  Chili and Peru for making porridge or cakes; also,
   food thus made.


   Quin"o*gen (?), n. [Quinine + -gen.] (Chem.) A hypothetical radical of
   quinine and related alkaloids.


   Qui*noid"ine  (?),  n.  [Quinine  +  -oid.]  (Med.  (Chem.) A brownish
   resinous  substance  obtained  as  a  by-product  in  the treatment of
   cinchona bark. It consists of a mixture of several alkaloids. [Written
   also chinoidine.]


   Quin"o*line  (?),  n.  [Quinine  +  L.  oleum  oil  + -ine.] (Chem.) A
   nitrogenous  base, C9H7N obtained as a pungent colorless liquid by the
   distillation  of  alkaloids,  bones,  coal tar, etc. It the nucleus of
   many  organic  bodies,  especially  of  certain  alkaloids and related
   substances;  hence,  by extension, any one of the series of alkaloidal
   bases of which quinoline proper is the type. [Written also chinoline.]


   Qui*nol"o*gist (?) n. One who is versed in quinology.


   Qui*nol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Quinine + -logy.] The science which treats of
   the cultivation of the cinchona, and of its use in medicine.


   Qui"none  (?), n. [Quinine + ketone.] (Chem.) A crystalline substance,
   C6H4O2  (called  also benzoketone), first obtained by the oxidation of
   quinic  acid  and regarded as a double ketone; also, by extension, any
   one  of  the series of which quinone proper is the type. [Written also
   chinone, kinone.] <-- and benzoquinone. -->


   Qui*no"vic   (?),   a.   (Chem.)  Pertaining  to,  or  designating,  a
   crystalline  acid  obtained  from  some  varieties  of  cinchona bark.
   [Written also chinovic, and kinovic.]


   Qui*no"vin  (?),  n.  [NL.  quina nova the tree Cosmibuena magnifolia,
   whose  bark  yields  quinovin.]  (Chem.) An amorphous bitter glucoside
   derived from cinchona and other barks. Called also quinova bitter, and
   quinova. [Written also chinovin, and kinovin.]


   Quin*ox"a*line  (?),  n.  [Quinoline  + glyoxal.] (Chem.) Any one of a
   series  of  complex nitrogenous bases obtained by the union of certain
   aniline  derivatives  with  glyoxal  or with certain ketones. [Written
   also chinoxaline.]


   Quin*ox"yl  (?), n. [Quinone + oxygen + -yl.] (Chem.) The hypothetical
   radical of certain quinone derivatives related to rhodizonic acid.


   Qui"noyl  (?),  n. [Quinone + -yl.] (Chem.) A radical of which quinone
   is the hydride, analogous to phenyl. [Written also kinoyl.]


   Quin`qua*ges"i*ma  (?),  a. [L., fr. quinquagesimus the fiftieth, akin
   to   quinquaginta   fifty,   quinque   five.   See   Five.]  Fiftieth.
   Quinquagesima  Sunday,  the  Sunday  which  is the fiftieth day before
   Easter,  both  days  being  included  in the reckoning; -- called also
   Shrove Sunday.


   Quin*quan"gu*lar  (?), a. [L. quinquanqulus; quinque five + angulus ad
   angle: cf. F. quinquangulaire.] Having five angles or corners.


   Quin`quar*tic"u*lar (?), a. [Quinque- + article.] (Theol.) Relating to
   the  five  articles  or  points;  as,  the quinquarticular controversy
   between Arminians and Calvinists. [Obs.] Bp. Sanderson.


   Quin"que-  (?).  [L. quinque five. See Five.] A combining form meaning
   five,    five    times,    fivefold;   as,   quinquefid,   five-cleft;
   quinquedentate, five-toothed.


   Quin"que*an`gled  (?),  a.  [Quinque-  +  angle.]  Having five angles;

                        Quinquedentate, Quinquedentated

   Quin`que*den"tate   (?),   Quin`que*den"ta*ted  (?),  a.  [Quinque-  +
   dentate,  -tated:  cf.  F.  quinqu\'82dent\'82.]  Five-toothed;  as, a
   quinquedentate leaf.


   Quin`que*fa"ri*ous   (?),   a.   [From   L.   quinque   five:  cf.  F.
   quinqu\'82fari\'82.  Cf.  Bifarious.] (Bot.) Arranged in five vertical
   rows; pentastichous. Gray.


   Quin"que*fid  (?), a. [Quique- + the root of L. findere to cleave: cf.
   F.  quinqu\'82fide.] (Bot.) Sharply cut about halfway to the middle or
   base into five segments; as, a quinquefid leaf or corolla.

                        Quinquefoliate, Quinquefoliated

   Quin`que*fo"li*ate  (?),  Quin`que*fo"li*a`ted  (?),  a.  [Quinque-  +
   foliate,  -ated:  cf. F. quinqu\'82foli\'82, L. quinquefolius.] (Bot.)
   Having five leaves or leaflets. Gray.

                               Quinque foliolate

   Quin`que fo"li*o*late (?), a. (Bot.) Having five leaflets. Gray.


   Quin`que*lit"er*al  (?),  a.  [Quinque- + literal.] Consisting of five

                         Quinquelobate, Quinquelobared

   Quin`que*lo"bate  (?),  Quin`que*lo"ba*red (?), a. [Quinque- + lobate,
   -ated: cf. F. quinqu\'82lob\'82.] Cut less than halfway into portions,
   usually  somewhat  rounded;  five-lobed;  as,  a quinquelobate leaf or


   Quin"que*lobed` (?), a. [Quinque- + lobe.] Same as Quinquelobate.


   Quin`que*loc"u*lar    (?),    a.   [Quinque-   +   locular:   cf.   F.
   quinqu\'82loculaire.]  Having five cells or loculi; five-celled; as, a
   quinquelocular pericarp.


   Quin"que*nerved`  (?),  a.  [Quinque-  +  nerve.]  (Bot.)  Having five
   nerves; -- said of a leaf with five nearly equal nerves or ribs rising
   from the end of the petiole.


   Quin`quen*na"li*a   (?),   n.   pl.   [L.,   fr.   quinquennalis.  See
   Ouinquennial.] (Rom. Antiq.) Public games celebrated every five years.


   Quin*quen"ni*al  (?),  a.  [L.  quinquennalis and quinquennis; quinque
   five + annus year. See Five, and cf. Biennial.] Occurring once in five
   years,  or at the end of every five years; also, lasting five years. A
   quinquennial event.


   Quin*quen"ni*um (?), n. [L.] Space of five years.


   Quin*quep"ar*tite   (?),   a.  [L.  quinquepartitus;  quinque  five  +
   partitus, p. p. of partire to divide: cf. F. quinqu\'82partite.]

   1. Consisting of five parts.

   2. (Bot.) Divided into five parts almost to the base.


   Quin"que*reme  (?),  n. [L. quinqueremis; quinque five + remus an oar:
   cf.  F.  quinqu\'82r\'8ame]  A  galley having five benches or banks of
   oars; as, an Athenian quinquereme.


   Quin"que*syl`la*ble  (?),  n.  [Quinque-  +  syllable.] A word of five

                         Quinquevalve, Quinquevalvular

   Quin"que*valve  (?),  Quin`que*val"vu*lar  (?),  a. [Quinque- + valve,
   valvular:  cf.  F.  quinqu\'82valve.]  (Bot.) Having five valves, as a


   Quin"que*vir (?), n.; pl; E. Quinquevirs (#), L. Quinqueviri (#). [L.,
   fr.  quinque  Five + vir man.] (Bot. Antiq.) One of five commissioners
   appointed for some special object.


   Quin*qui"na (?), n. [NL. & F. See Quinine.] Peruvian bark.


   Quin*quiv"a*lent  (?),  a.  [Quinque-  + L. valens, -entis, p. pr. See
   Valence.] (Chem.) Same as Pentavalent.


   Quin"sy  (?),  n. [Contr. fr. squinancy, F. esquinancie, L. cynanche a
   sort  of  sore throat, Gr. synanche sore throat, Gr. Hound, Anger, and
   Cynanche.]  (Med.)  An  inflammation of the throat, or parts adjacent,
   especially   of  the  fauces  or  tonsils,  attended  by  considerable
   swelling,   painful   and  impeded  deglutition,  and  accompanied  by
   inflammatory  fever.  It  sometimes  creates danger of suffocation; --
   called also squinancy, and squinzey.


   Quint  (?),  n. [F. quinte, fr. L. quintus, quinta, the fifth, quinque
   five. See Five.]

   1. A set or sequence of five, as in piquet.

   2. (Mus.) The interval of a fifth.


   Quin"tain  (?), n. [F. quintaine, LL. quintana; cf. W. chwintan a kind
   of  hymeneal game.] An object to be tilted at; -- called also quintel.
   [Written also quintin.]

     NOTE: &hand; A  common form in the Middle Ages was an upright post,
     on  the top of which turned a crosspiece, having on one end a broad
     board,  and on the other a sand bag. The endeavor was to strike the
     board with the lance while riding under, and get away without being
     hit by the sand bag. "But a quintain, a mere lifeless block."



   Quin"tal  (?), n. [F., fr. Sp. quintal, fr. Ar. qintar a weight of 100
   lbs.,  prob. fr. L. centenarius consisting of a hundred, fr. centeni a
   hundred each, fr. centum a hundred. See Hundred, and cf. Kentle.]

   1.  A  hundredweight, either 112 or 100 pounds, according to the scale
   used. Cf. Cental. [Sometimes written and pronounced kentle.]

   2.  A metric measure of weight, being 100,000 grams, or 100 kilograms,
   equal to 220.46 pounds avoirdupois.


   Quin"tan  (?),  a. [L. quintanus, fr. quintus fifth, quinque five. See
   Five.] Occurring as the fifth, after four others also, occurring every
   fifth day, reckoning inclusively; as, a quintan fever. -- n. (Med.) An
   intermittent   fever   which   returns   every  fifth  day,  reckoning
   inclusively, or in which the intermission lasts three days.


   Quin"tel (?), n. See Quintain.


   Quin*tes"sence  (?), n. [F., fr. L. quinta essentia fifth essence. See
   Quint, and Essence.]

   1.  The  fifth or last and highest essence or power in a natural body.
   See Ferment oils, under Ferment. [Obs.]

     NOTE: &hand; Th e an cient Gr eeks re cognized four elements, fire,
     air, water, and earth. The Pythagoreans added a fifth and called it
     nether,  the fifth essence, which they said flew upward at creation
     and  out  of  it  the  stars  were  made.  The alchemists sometimes
     considered alcohol, or the ferment oils, as the fifth essence.

   2.  Hence:  An extract from anything, containing its rarest virtue, or
   most  subtle  and  essential  constituent in a small quantity; pure or
   concentrated essence.

     Let  there  be light, said God; and forthwith light Ethereal, first
     of things, quintessence pure, Sprung from the deep. Milton.


   Quin*tes"sence,  v.  t.  To  distil  or  extract as a quintessence; to
   reduce  to  a  quintessence.  [R.]  Stirling. "Truth quintessenced and
   raised to the highest power." J. A. Symonds.


   Quin`tes*sen"tial  (?),  a.  Of  the nature of a quintessence; purest.
   "Quintessential extract of mediocrity." G. Eliot.

                              Quintet, Quintette

   Quin*tet",  Quin*tette"  (?),  n.  [It.  quintetto, dim. of quinto the
   fifth,  a fifth part, from L. quintus the fifth: cf. F. quintette. See
   Quint.] (Mus.) A composition for five voices or instruments; also, the
   set of five persons who sing or play five-part music.


   Quin"tic  (?),  a. [L. quintus fifth, fr. quinque five.] (Alg.) Of the
   fifth degree or order. -- n. (Alg.) A quantic of the fifth degree. See


   Quin"tile  (?),  n.  [F.  quintil  aspect,  fr. L. quintus the fifth.]
   (Astron.)  The  aspect of planets when separated the fifth part of the
   zodiac, or 72░. <-- sic. not separated "by" --> Hutton.


   Quin*till"lion  (?),  n.  [Formed  fr. L. quintus the fifth, after the
   analogy  of  million: cf. F. quintillion. See Quint.] According to the
   French  notation,  which  is used on the Continent and in America, the
   cube  of a million, or a unit with eighteen ciphers annexed; according
   to  the  English notation, a number produced by involving a million to
   the  fifth  power, or a unit with thirty ciphers annexed. See the Note
   under Numeration.


   Quin"tin (?), n. See Quintain.


   Quin"tine  (?), n. [L. quintus the fifth: cf. F. quintine.] (Bot.) The
   embryonic  sac  of  an ovule, sometimes regarded as an innermost fifth
   integument. Cf. Quartine, and Tercine.


   Quin"tole  (?), n. [It. quinto fifth.] (Mus.) A group of five notes to
   be played or sung in the time of four of the same species.


   Quin"tu*ple   (?),   a.  [L.  quintus  fifth:  cf.  F.  quintuple,  L.
   quintuplex.  Cf.  Quadruple.]  Multiplied  by  five; increased to five
   times  the amount; fivefold. Quintuple time (Mus.), a time having five
   beats in a measure. It is seldom used.


   Quin"tu*ple,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Quintupled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Quintupling.]  [Cf. F. quintupler.] To make fivefold, or five times as
   much or many.

                      Quittuple-nerved, Quintuple-ribbed

   Quit"tu*ple-nerved`  (?),  Quin"tu*ple-ribbed` (?), a. (Bot.) The same
   as Quinquenerved.


   Quin"zaine  (?),  n.  [F.,  from  quinze  fifteen,  L.  quindecim. See
   Fifteen.]  The  fifteenth day after a feast day, including both in the
   reckoning. [Written also quinzain.]


   Quinze  (?),  n.  [F.]  A game at cards in which the object is to make
   fifteen points.


   Quip  (?), n. [Cf. W. chwip a quick flirt or turn, chwipio to whip, to
   move briskly, and E. whip. Cf. Quib, Quibble.] A smart, sarcastic turn
   or jest; a taunt; a severe retort; a gibe.

     Quips, and cranks, and wanton wiles. Milton.

     He  was  full  of  joke and jest, But all his merry quips are o'er.


   Quip,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Quipped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Quipping (?).]
   To taunt; to treat with quips.

     The more he laughs, and does her closely quip. Spenser.


   Quip, v. i. To scoff; to use taunts. Sir H. Sidney.


   Qui"po (?), n. Same as Quipu.


   Qui"pu  (?),  n.;  pl. Quipus (#). [Peruv.quipu a knot.] A contrivance
   employed by the ancient Peruvians, Mexicans, etc., as a substitute for
   writing  and  figures,  consisting  of a main cord, from which hung at
   certain  distances  smaller  cords  of  various  colors, each having a
   special meaning, as silver, gold, corn, soldiers. etc. Single, double,
   and triple knots were tied in the smaller cords, representing definite
   numbers.  It  was  chiefly  used  for  arithmetical  purposes,  and to
   register important facts and events. [Written also quipo.] Tylor.

     The  mysterious  science of the quipus . . . supplied the Peruvians
     with  the means of communicating their ideas to one another, and of
     transmitting them to future generations. Prescott.


   Quir"boil*ly`  (?), n. [OE. cuir bouilli.] Leather softened by boiling
   so  as to take any required shape. Upon drying, it becomes exceedingly
   hard,  and hence was formerly used for armor. [Obs.] "His jambeux were
   of quyrboilly." Chaucer.


   Quire (?), n. See Choir. [Obs.] Spenser.

     A quire of such enticing birds. Shak.


   Quire, v. i. To sing in concert. [R.] Shak.

   Page 1180

   Page 1180


   Quire  (?),  n.  [OE.  quaer,  quair,  OF. quayer, cayer, ca\'8ber, F.
   cahier,  a  book of loose sheets, a quarter of a quire, LL. quaternus,
   quaternum,  sheets  of paper packed together, properly, four together,
   fr.  L. quaterni four each, by fours, quattuor, four. See Four and cf.
   Cahier.]  A collection of twenty-four sheets of paper of the same size
   and  quality,  unfolded  or  having  a single fold; one twentieth of a


   Quir"is*ter   (?),   n.  [See  Quire,  Chorister.]  A  chorister.  See
   Chorister. [R.] Thomson.


   Quir`i*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  quiritatio,  fr.  quiritare  to raise a
   plaintive  cry,  v.  freq.  fr. queri to complain.] A crying for help.
   [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Qui"rite (?), n. One of the Quirites.


   Qui*ri"tes  (?),  n. pl. [L., fr. Cures, a Sabine town.] (Rom. Antiq.)
   Roman citizens.

     NOTE: &hand; Af ter th e Sa bines an d Romans had united themselves
     into  one  community, under Romulus, the name of Quirites was taken
     in  addition  to that of Romani, the Romans calling themselves in a
     civil capacity Quirites, while in a political and military capacity
     they retained the name of Romani.



   Quirk (?), n. [Written also querk.] [Cf W. chwiori to turn briskly, or
   E. queer.]

   1.  A sudden turn; a starting from the point or line; hence, an artful
   evasion  or  subterfuge;  a  shift;  a  quibble;  as,  the quirks of a
   pettifogger. "Some quirk or . . . evasion." Spenser.

     We ground the justification of our nonconformity on dark subtilties
     and intricate quirks. Barrow.

   2.  A  fit or turn; a short paroxysm; a caprice. [Obs.] "Quirks of joy
   and grief." Shak.

   3. A smart retort; a quibble; a shallow conceit.

     Some odd quirks and remnants of wit. Shak.

   4. An irregular air; as, light quirks of music. Pope.

   5.  (Building)  A piece of ground taken out of any regular ground plot
   or  floor,  so  as  to  make a court, yard, etc.; -- sometimes written
   quink. Gwilt.

   6.  (Arch.)  A  small  channel,  deeply  recessed in proportion to its
   width, used to insulate and give relief to a convex rounded molding.
   Quirk molding, a bead between two quirks.


   Quirked (?), a. Having, or formed with, a quirk or quirks.


   Quirk"ish (?), Consisting of quirks; resembling a quirk. Barrow.


   Quirk"y (?), a. Full of quirks; tricky; as, a quirky lawyer.


   Quirl (?), n. & v. See Querl.


   Quir"pele  (?),  n.  [Tamil  k\'c6rippillai.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The  Indian


   Quirt  (?),  n. A rawhide whip plaited with two thongs of buffalo hide
   T. Roosevelt.


   Quish (?), n. See Cuish.


   Quit (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of small passerine
   birds  native  of tropical America. See Banana quit, under Banana, and


   Quit  (?),  a. [OE. quite, OF. quite, F. quitte. See Quit, v., Quirt.]
   Released   from   obligation,  charge,  penalty,  etc.;  free;  clear;
   absolved; acquitted. Chaucer.

     The owner of the ox shall be quit. Ex. xxi. 28.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd is  so metimes us ed in  th e fo rm quits,
     colloquially;  as,  to  be  quits  with  one, that is, to have made
     mutual  satisfaction  of  demands  with  him;  to be even with him;
     hence,  as  an  exclamation: Quits! we are even, or on equal terms.
     "To cry quits with the commons in their complaints."



   Quit,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Quit or Quitted; p. pr. & vb. n. Quitting.]
   [OE.  quiten,  OF.  quiter,  quitier,  cuitier, F. quitter, to acquit,
   quit,  LL.  quietare,  fr.  L. quietare to calm, to quiet, fr. quietus
   quiet. See Quiet, a., and cf. Quit, a., Quite, Acquit, Requite.]

   1. To set at rest; to free, as from anything harmful or oppressive; to
   relieve; to clear; to liberate. [R.]

     To  quit  you  of  this  fear, you have already looked Death in the
     face; what have you found so terrible in it? Wake.

   2.  To  release  from obligation, accusation, penalty, or the like; to
   absolve; to acquit.

     There may no gold them quyte. Chaucer.

     God will relent, and quit thee all his debt. Milton.

   3.  To  discharge, as an obligation or duty; to meet and satisfy, as a
   claim or debt; to make payment for or of; to requite; to repay.

     The blissful martyr quyte you your meed. Chaucer.

     Enkindle all the sparks of nature To quit this horrid act. Shak.

     Before that judge that quits each soul his hire. Fairfax.

   4.  To  meet  the  claims  upon,  or  expectations  entertained of; to
   conduct; to acquit; -- used reflexively.

     Be strong, and quit yourselves like men. I Sam. iv. 9.

     Samson hath guit himself Like Samson. Milton.

   5. To carry through; to go through to the end. [Obs.]

     Never  worthy  prince  a  day did quit With greater hazard and with
     more renown. Daniel.

   6.  To  have done with; to cease from; to stop; hence, to depart from;
   to  leave;  to  forsake;  as, to quit work; to quit the place; to quit

     Such   a  superficial  way  of  examining  is  to  quit  truth  for
     appearance. Locke.

   To  quit  cost, to pay; to reimburse. -- To quit scores, to make even;
   to clear mutually from demands.

     Does  not  the earth quit scores with all the elements in the noble
     fruits that issue from it? South.

   Syn.  --  To  leave;  relinquish; resign; abandon; forsake; surrender;
   discharge;   requite.  --  Quit,  Leave.  Leave  is  a  general  term,
   signifying  merely  an  act of departure; quit implies a going without
   intention of return, a final and absolute abandonment.


   Quit, v. i. To away; to depart; to stop doing a thing; to cease.


   Quitch (?), n.

   1. (Bot.) Same as Quitch grass.

   2. Figuratively: A vice; a taint; an evil.

     To  pick  the vicious quitch Of blood and custom wholly out of him.


                                 Quitch grass

   Quitch"  grass`  (?).  [Properly quick grass, being probably so called
   from its vigorous growth, or from its tenacity of life. See Quick, and
   cf.  Couch  grass.] (Bot.) A perennial grass (Agropyrum repens) having
   long   running   rootstalks,   by   which   it   spreads  rapidly  and
   pertinaciously,  and  so becomes a troublesome weed. Also called couch
   grass,  quick  grass,  quick  grass, twitch grass. See Illustration in


   Quit"claim`   (?),   n.  [Quit,  a.  +  claim.]  (Law)  A  release  or
   relinquishment  of  a claim; a deed of release; an instrument by which
   some  right,  title,  interest,  or claim, which one person has, or is
   supposed  to  have,  in or to an estate held by himself or another, is
   released  or  relinquished,  the  grantor  generally  covenanting only
   against persons who claim under himself.


   Quit"claim`,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Quitclaimed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Quitclaiming.] (Law) To release or relinquish a claim to; to release a
   claim  to  by  deed, without covenants of warranty against adverse and
   paramount titles.


   Quite (?), v. t. & i. See Quit. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Quite  (?),  adv. [F. quite discharged, free, clear; cf. OF. quitement
   freely, frankly, entirely. See Quit, a.]

   1.  Completely;  wholly; entirely; totally; perfectly; as, the work is
   not  quite  done;  the  object  is  quite  accomplished;  to  be quite

     Man shall not quite be lost, but saved who will. Milton.

     The  same  actions  may  be aimed at different ends, and arise from
     quite contrary principles. Spectator.

   2.  To a great extent or degree; very; very much; considerably. "Quite
   amusing." Macaulay.

     He really looks quite concerned. Landor.

     The  island  stretches  along  the  land  and is quite close to it.
     Jowett (Thucyd. ).


   Quit"ly (?), adv. Quite. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Quit"rent`  (?),  n. [Quit, a. + rent] (Law) A rent reserved in grants
   of  land,  by  the  payment  of  which  the  tenant is quit from other
   service. Blackstone.

     NOTE: &hand; In  so me of  th e United States a fee-farm rent is so



   Quits (?) interj. See the Note under Quit, a.


   Quit"ta*ble (?), a. Capable of being quitted.


   Quit"tal (?), n. Return; requital; quittance. [Obs.]


   Quit"tance  (?),  n.  [OE.  quitaunce, OF. quitance, F. quittance. See
   Quit, v. t.]

   1. Discharge from a debt or an obligation; acquittance.

     Omittance is no quittance. Shak.

   2. Recompense; return; repayment. [Obs.] Shak.


   Quit"tance, v. t. To repay; to requite. [Obs.] Shak.


   Quit"ter (?), n.

   1. One who quits.

   2. A deliverer. [Obs.] Ainsworth.


   Quit"tor  (?), n. [Perhaps for quitture.] (Far.) A chronic abscess, or
   fistula of the coronet, in a horse's foot, resulting from inflammation
   of the tissues investing the coffin bone.


   Quit"ture (?), n. A discharge; an issue. [Obs.]

     To cleanse the quitture from thy wound. Chapman.


   Quiv"er  (?),  a.  [Akin  to AS. cwiferlice anxiously; cf. OD. kuiven,
   kuiveren.  Cf.  Quaver.]  Nimble;  active.  [Obs.]  "  A little quiver
   fellow." Shak.


   Quiv"er, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Quivered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Quivering.]
   [Cf.  Quaver.]  To  shake or move with slight and tremulous motion; to
   tremble; to quake; to shudder; to shiver.

     The green leaves quiver with the cooling wind. Shak.

     And left the limbs still quivering on the ground. Addison.


   Quiv"er, n. The act or state of quivering; a tremor.


   Quiv"er,  n.  [OF.  cuivre,  cuevre,  coivre,  LL.  cucurum,  fr. OHG.
   chohh\'beri  quiver,  receptacle,  G.  k\'94cher  quiver;  akin to AS.
   color,  cocur,  cocer,  D.  koker.  Cf. Cocker a high shoe.] A case or
   sheath for arrows to be carried on the person.

     Reside  him  hung  his  bow  And  quiver, with three-bolted thunder
     stored. Milton.


   Quiv"ered (?), a.

   1.  Furnished with, or carrying, a quiver. "Like a quivered nymph with
   arrows keen." Milton.

   2. Sheathed, as in a quiver. "Whose quills stand quivered at his ear."


   Quiv"er*ing*ly (?), adv. With quivering motion.

                                   Qui vive

   Qui`  vive"  (?).  [F.,  fr.  qui  who + vive, pres. subj. of vivre to
   live.] The challenge of a French sentinel, or patrol; -- used like the
   English  challenge: "Who comes there?" To be on the qui vive, to be on
   guard; to be watchful and alert, like a sentinel.


   Quix*ot"ic  (?),  a.  Like  Don  Quixote;  romantic  to  extravagance;
   absurdly  chivalric; apt to be deluded. "Feats of quixotic gallantry."


   Quix*ot"ic*al*ly (?), adv. In a quixotic way.


   Quix"ot*ism  (?),  n. That form of delusion which leads to extravagant
   and  absurd  undertakings  or  sacrifices  in  obedience to a morbidly
   romantic ideal of duty or honor, as illustrated by the exploits of Don
   Quixote in knight-errantry.


   Quix"ot*ry (?), n. Quixotism; visionary schemes.


   Quiz (?), n. [It is said that Daly, the manager of a Dublin playhouse,
   laid  a  wager that a new word of no meaning should be the common talk
   and  puzzle  of  the  city in twenty-fours. In consequence of this the
   letters  q  u i z were chalked by him on all the walls of Dublin, with
   an  effect  that won the wager. Perhaps, however, originally a variant
   of whiz, and formerly the name of a popular game.]

   1. A riddle or obscure question; an enigma; a ridiculous hoax.

   2. One who quizzes others; as, he is a great quiz.

   3. An odd or absurd fellow. Smart. Thackeray.

   4.  An  exercise, or a course of exercises, conducted as a coaching or
   as an examination. [Cant, U.S.]


   Quiz  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Quizzed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Quizzing

   1.  To  puzzle; to banter; to chaff or mock with pretended seriousness
   of discourse; to make sport of, as by obscure questions.

     He quizzed unmercifully all the men in the room. Thackeray.

   2. To peer at; to eye suspiciously or mockingly.

   3. To instruct in or by a quiz. See Quiz, n., 4. [U.S.]
   Quizzing glass, a small eyeglass.


   Quiz, v. i. To conduct a quiz. See Quiz, n., 4. [U.S.]


   Quiz"zer (?), n. One who quizzes; a quiz.


   Quiz"zic*al  (?),  a.  Relating to quizzing: given to quizzing; of the
   nature of a quiz; farcical; sportive. -- Quiz"zic*al*ly, adv.


   Quiz"zism (?), n. The act or habit of quizzing.


   Quob  (?), v. i. [Cf. Quaver.] [Written also quop and quab.] To throb;
   to quiver. [Local & Vulgar]


   Quod (?), n. [For quad, abbrev. of quadrangle.] A quadrangle or court,
   as of a prison; hence, a prison. [Slang] "Flogged or whipped in quod."
   T. Hughes.


   Quod, v. Quoth; said. See Quoth. [Obs.]

     "Let be," quod he, "it shall not be." Chaucer.


   Quod"dies  (?),  n.  pl. Herring taken and cured or smoked near Quoddy
   Head, Maine, or near the entrance of Passamaquoddy Ray.


   Quod"li*bet (?), n. [L., what you please.]

   1. A nice point; a subtilty; a debatable point.

     These are your quodlibets, but no learning. P. Fletcher.

   2. (Mus.) A medley improvised by several performers.


   Quod"lib*e*ta"ri*an (?), n. One who discusses any subject at pleasure.


   Quod"li*bet"ic*al  (?),  a.  Not  restricted  to a particular subject;
   discussed  for  curiosity  or  entertainment. -- Quod`li*bet"ic*al*ly,


   Quoif (?), n. & v. t. See Coif. Shak.


   Quoiff"fure (?), n. See Coiffure.


   Quoil (?), n. See Coil. [Obs.]


   Quoin (?), n. [See Coin, and cf. Coigne.]

   1.  (Arch.) Originally, a solid exterior angle, as of a building; now,
   commonly,  one  of the selected pieces of material by which the corner
   is marked.

     NOTE: &hand; In  st one, th e qu oins consist of blocks larger than
     those  used  in  the rest of the building, and cut to dimension. In
     brickwork,  quoins  consist  of  groups  or  masses  of  brick laid
     together, and in a certain imitation of quoins of stone.

   <--  #  the  various  "subdefs"  here  require  the  introductory part
   definition to be complete -->

   2. A wedgelike piece of stone, wood metal, or other material, used for
   various purposes, as: (a) (Masonry) to support and steady a stone. (b)
   (Gun.)  To  support  the  breech of a cannon. (c) (Print.) To wedge or
   lock  up  a  form  within  a  chase. (d) (Naut.) To prevent casks from
   Hollow  quoin. See under Hollow. -- Quoin post (Canals), the post of a
   lock gate which abuts against the wall.


   Quoit  (?),  n.  [OE. coite; cf. OF. coitier to spur, press, (assumed)
   LL.  coctare,  fr.  L. coquere, coctum, to cook, burn, vex, harass, E.
   cook, also W. coete a quoit.]

   1. (a) A flattened ring-shaped piece of iron, to be pitched at a fixed
   object  in  play;  hence,  any  heavy  flat  missile used for the same
   purpose,  as  a  stone, piece of iron, etc. (b) pl. A game played with
   quoits. Shak.

   2. The discus of the ancients. See Discus.

   3. A cromlech. [Prov. Eng.] J. Morley.


   Quoit, v. i. To throw quoits; to play at quoits.

     To quoit, to run, and steeds and chariots drive. Dryden.


   Quoit, v. t. To throw; to pitch. [Obs. or R.] Shak.


   Quoke (?), obs. imp. of Quake. Chaucer.


   Quoll (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A marsupial of Australia (Dasyurus macrurus),
   about the size of a cat.


   Quon"dam  (?),  a.  [L.,  formerly.]  Having  been  formerly;  former;
   sometime. "This is the quondam king." Shak.


   Quon"dam, n. A person dismissed or ejected from a position. [R.] "Make
   them quondams; . . . cast them out of their office." Latimer.


   Quook (?), imp. of Quake. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Quop (?), v. i. See Quob.


   Quo"rum (?), n. [L., of whom, gen. pl. of qui who, akin to E. who. See
   the  Note below.] Such a number of the officers or members of any body
   as  is  competent  by  law or constitution to transact business; as, a
   quorum  of  the  House of Representatives; a constitutional quorum was
   not present.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e te rm ar ose from the Latin words, Quorum aliquem
     vestrum . . . unum esse volumus (of whom we wish some one of you to
     be  one),  which  were  used  in  the commission formerly issued to
     justices  of  the  peace  in  England,  by  which commission it was
     directed  that  no business of certain kinds should be done without
     the   presence  of  one  or  more  of  certain  justices  specially
     designated.  Justice  of  the  peace and of the quorum designates a
     class of justices of the peace in some of the United States.


   Quo"ta  (?), n. [LL., fr. L. quota (sc. pars), fr.quotus which or what
   in  number, of what number, how many, fr. quot how many, akin to quis,
   qui,  who:  cf.  It.  quota  a share. See Who.] A proportional part or
   share;  the share or proportion assigned to each in a division. "Quota
   of  troops  and  money."<--  esp.  a  share  of  effort required to be
   performed,  or  a  share of resources required to be obtained for some
   common purpose. --> Motley.


   Quot"a*ble  (?),  a. Capable or worthy of being quoted; as, a quotable
   writer; a quotable sentence. -- Quot`a*bit"i*ty (#), n. Poe.


   Quo*ta"tion (?), n. [From Quote.]

   1. The act of quoting or citing.

   2.  That  which is quoted or cited; a part of a book or writing named,
   repeated, or adduced as evidence or illustration. Locke.

   Page 1181

   3.  (Com.)  The  naming  or publishing of the current price of stocks,
   bonds, or any commodity; also the price named.

   4. Quota; share. [Obs.]

   5.  (print.)  A  piece  of  hollow  type  metal,  lower than type, and
   measuring  two  or  more  pica  ems in length and breadth, used in the
   blank spaces at the beginning and end of chapters, etc.
   Quotation marks (Print.), two inverted commas placed at the beginning,
   and  two apostrophes at the end, of a passage quoted from an author in
   his own words.


   Quo*ta"tion*ist  (?)  n.  One  who  makes,  or  is  given  to  making,

     The narrow intellectuals of quotationists. Milton.


   Quote  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Quoted; p. pr. & vb. n. Quoting.] [OF.
   quoter,  F.  coter  to letter, number, to quote, LL. quotare to divide
   into chapters and verses, fr. L. quotus. See Quota.] [Formerly written
   also cote.]

   1. To cite, as a passage from some author; to name, repeat, or adduce,
   as  a  passage  from  an  author  or  speaker,  by way of authority or
   illustration; as, to quote a passage from Homer.

   2. To cite a passage from; to name as the authority for a statement or
   an opinion; as, to quote Shakespeare.

   3. (Com.) To name the current price of.

   4. To notice; to observe; to examine. [Obs.] Shak.

   5.  To  set  down,  as  in  writing.  [Obs.]  "He's  quoted for a most
   perfidious slave." Shak. Syn. -- To cite; name; adduce; repeat. Quote,
   Cite.  To  cite  was originally to call into court as a witness, etc.,
   and  hence  denotes  bringing forward any thing or person as evidence.
   Quote  usually signifies to reproduce another's words; it is also used
   to  indicate  an  appeal to some one as an authority, without adducing
   his exact words.


   Quote (?), n. A note upon an author. [Obs.] Cotgrave.


   Quot"er (?), n. One who quotes the words of another.


   Quoth  (?),  v.  t. [AS.cwe&edh;an, imp cw\'91&edh;, pl. cw&aemac;don;
   akin  to  OS. que&edh;an, OHG. quethan, quedan, Icel. kve&edh;a, Goth.
   qi■an.  &root;22. Cf. Bequeath.] Said; spoke; uttered; -- used only in
   the first and third persons in the past tenses, and always followed by
   its  nominative, the word or words said being the object; as, quoth I.
   quoth he. "Let me not live, quoth he." Shak.


   Quoth"a  (?),  interj.  [For quoth'a, said he, 'a being corrupted from
   he.] Indeed; forsooth.

     To  affront  the  blessed  hillside  drabs  and thieves With mended
     morals, quotha, -- fine new lives ! Mrs. Browning.


   Quo*tid"i*an (?) a. [OE. cotidian, L. quotidianus, fr. quotidie daily;
   quotus how many + dies day: cf. OF. cotidien, F. quotidien. See Quota,
   Deity.] Occurring or returning daily; as, a quotidian fever.


   Quo*tid"i*an  (?),  n. Anything returning daily; especially (Med.), an
   intermittent fever or ague which returns every day. Milton.


   Quo"tient  (?),  n. [F., fr. L. quoties how often, how many times, fr.
   quot how many. See Quota.]

   1.  (Arith.)  The  number resulting from the division of one number by
   another,  and  showing  how  often  a  less  number  is contained in a
   greater; thus, the quotient of twelve divided by four is three.

   2.  (Higher Alg.) The result of any process inverse to multiplication.
   See the Note under Multiplication.


   Quo*ti"e*ty  (?),  n.  [L.quotus  of  what  number,  quot  how  many.]
   (Scholastic   Philos.)   The   relation   of   an  object  to  number.


   Quo"tum (?) n. [NL., fr. L. quotus of what number. See Quota.] Part or
   proportion; quota. [R.] "A very small quotum." Max M\'81ller.

                                 Quo warranto

   Quo" war*ran"to (?). [So called from the Law L. words quo warranto (by
   what  authority),  in  the original Latin form of the writ. See Which,
   and  Warrant.]  (Law)  A  writ  brought  before  a proper tribunal, to
   inquire  by  what warrant a person or a corporation acts, or exercises
   certain powers. Blackstone.

     NOTE: &hand; An  information in the nature of a quo warranto is now
     common as a substitute for the writ. Wharton.


   Qu*ran", n. See Koran.