Unabridged Dictionary - Letter D

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   D (?)

   1.  The  fourth letter of the English alphabet, and a vocal consonent.
   The  English  letter is from Latin, which is from Greek, which took it
   from  Phoenician,  the  probable ultimate origin being Egyptian. It is
   related  most  nearly  to  t  and  th;  as,  Eng.  deep, G. tief; Eng.
   daughter, G. tochter, Gr. d
   uhitr. See Guide to Pronunciation, &root;178, 179, 229.

   2.  (Mus.)  The  nominal  of  the second tone in the model major scale
   (that  in  C),  or of the fourth tone in the relative minor scale of C
   (that in A minor), or of the key tone in the relative minor of F.

   3. As a numeral D stands for 500. in this use it is not the initial of
   any word, or even strictly a letter, but one half of the sign


   Dab  (?),  n. [Perh. corrupted fr. adept.] A skillful hand; a dabster;
   an expert. [Colloq.]

     One  excels  at  a plan or the titlepage, another works away at the
     body of the book, and the therd is a dab at an index. Goldsmith.


   Dab, n. [Perh. so named from its quickness in diving beneath the sand.
   Cf.   Dabchick.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  name  given  to  several  species  of
   Pleuronectes . TheAmerican rough dab is Hippoglossoides platessoides.


   Dab  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p.p. Dabbed (?); p.pr.& vb.n. Dabbing.] [OE.
   dabben  to strice; akin to OD. dabben to pinch, knead, fumble, dabble,
   and perh. to G. tappen to grope.]

   1.  To  strike  or touch gently, as with a soft or moist substance; to
   tap; hence, to besmear with a dabber.

     A  sore  should  .  . . be wiped . . . only by dabbing it over with
     fine lint. S. Sharp.

   2. To strike by a thrust; to hit with a sudden blow or thrust. "To dab
   him in the neck." Sir T. More.


   Dab (?), n.

   1.  A  gentle blow with the hand or some soft substance; a sudden blow
   or hit; a peck.

     Astratch of her clame, a dab of her beack. Hawthorne.

   2. A small mass of anything soft or moist.


   Dabb  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  large,  spine-tailed  lizard (Uromastix
   spinipes),  found  in  Egypt,  Arabia,  and  Palestine; -- called also
   dhobb, and dhabb.


   Dab"ber (?), n. That with which one dabs; hence, a pad or other device
   used  by  printers,  engravers,  etc., as for dabbing type or engraved
   plates with ink.


   Dab"ble  (?),  v. t. [imp.&p.p Dabbled (?); p.pr.&vb.n. Dabbling (?).]
   [Freq. of dab: cf. OD. dabbelen.] To wet by little dips or strokes; to
   spatter;  to  sprinkle;  to  moisten;  to wet. "Bright hair dabbled in
   blood." Shak.


   Dab"le, v. i.

   1.  To play in water, as with the hands; to paddle or splash in mud or

     Wher the duck dabbles Wordsworth.

   2.  To  work in slight or superficial manner; to do in a small way; to
   tamper; to meddle. "Dabbling here and there with the text." Atterbury.

     During  the  ferst year at Dumfries, Burns for the ferst time began
     to dabble in politics. J. C. Shairp.


   Dab"bler (?), n.

   1. One who dabbles.

   2.  One  who  dips slightly into anything; a superficial meddler. "our
   dabblers in politics." Swift.


   Dab"bling*ly (?), adv. In a dabbling manner.


   Dab"chick`  (?),  n.  [For  dabchick.  See  Dap,  Dip,  cf. Dipchick.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  A  small  water  bird (Podilymbus podiceps), allied to the
   grebes,  remarkable  for  its  quickness  in  diving;  --  called also
   dapchick,   dobchick,   dipchick,   didapper,   dobber,   devil-diver,
   hell-diver, and pied-billed grebe.


   Da*boi"a  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A large and highly venomous Asiatic viper
   (Daboia xanthica).


   Dab"ster,  n. [Cf. Dab an expert.] One who is skilled; a master of his
   business; a proficient; an adept. [Colloq.]

     NOTE: &hand; Sometimes improperly used for dabbler; as, "I am but a
     dabster with gentle art."


   Da`ca"po  (?).  [It.,  from  [the] head or beginning.] (Mus.) From the
   beginning;  a  direction to return to, and end with, the first strain;
   -- indicated by the letters D. C. Also, the strain so repeated.


   Dace  (?),  n.  [Written  also  dare, dart, fr. F. dard dase, dart, of
   German  origin.  Dace is for an older darce, fr. an OF. nom. darz. See
   Dart  a javelin.] (Zo\'94l.) A small European cyprinoid fish (Squalius
   leuciscus or Leuciscus vulgaris); -- called also dare.

     NOTE: &hand; In America the name is given to several related fishes
     of  the  genera  Squalius,  Minnilus,  etc. The black-nosed dace is
     Rhinichthys  atronasus the horned dace is Semotilus corporalis. For
     red dace, see Redfin.


   Dachs"hund` (?), n. [G., from dachs badger + hund dog.] (Zo\'94l.) One
   of  a  breed  of small dogs with short crooked legs, and long body; --
   called  also badger dog. There are two kinds, the rough-haired and the


   Da"cian  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to Dacia or the Dacians. -- n. A
   native of ancient Dacia.


   Da*coit"y  (?),  n.  The  practice  of  gang robbery in India; robbery
   committed by dacoits.


   Da*co"tahs  (?),  n.  pl.; sing. Dacotan (. (Ethnol.) Same as Dacotas.


   Dac"tyl (?), n. [L. dactylus, Gr. Digit.]

   1.  (Pros.)  A  poetical  foot of three sylables (\'f5 \'de \'de), one
   long   followed  by  two  short,  or  one  accented  followed  by  two
   unaccented; as, L. t\'89gm&icr;n&ecr;, E. mer"ciful; -- so called from
   the  similarity  of its arrangement to that of the joints of a finger.
   [Written also dactyle.]

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) A finger or toe; a digit. (b) The claw or terminal
   joint of a leg of an insect or crustacean.


   Dac"tyl*ar (?), a.

   1. Pertaining to dactyl; dactylic.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Of or pertaining to a finger or toe, or to the claw of
   an insect crustacean.


   Dac"tyl*et (?), n. [Dactyl + .] A dactyl. [Obs.]


   Dac*tyl"ic  (?),  a.  [L.  dactylicus,  Gr.  ,  fr.  .] Pertaining to,
   consisting chiefly or wholly of, dactyls; as, dactylic verses.


   Dac*tyl"ic, n.

   1. A line consisting chiefly or wholly of dactyls; as, these lines are

   2. pl. Dactylic meters.


   Dac-tyl"i*o*glyph  (?),  n. [Gr. an engraver of gems; finger ring (fr.
   finger)  +  to engrave.] (Fine Arts) (a) An engraver of gems for rings
   and  other  ornaments. (b) The inscription of the engraver's name on a
   finger ring or gem.


   Dac*tyl`i*og"ly*phi (?), n. The art or process of gem engraving.


   Dac*tyl`i*og"ra*phy  (?), n. [Gr. finger ring + .] (Fine Arts) (a) The
   art  of writing or engraving upon gems. (b) In general, the literature
   or history of the art.

                                 Dactyli ology

   Dac*tyl`i*  ol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. finger ring + .] (Fine Arts) (a) That
   branch  of  arch\'91ology which has to do with gem engraving. (b) That
   branch of arch\'91ology which has to do with finger rings.


   Dac*tyl"i*o*man`cy  (?),  n.  [Gr. dakty`lios + -mancy.] Divination by
   means of finger rings.


   Dac"tyl*ist (?), n. A writer of dactylic verse.


   Dac`tyl*i"tis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  finger  +  -itis.] (Med.) An
   inflammatory affection of the fingers. Gross.


   Dac`tyl*i"tis  (?),  n. [Gr. finger + -logy.] The art of communicating
   ideas  by certai movement and positions of the fingers; -- a method of
   conversing practiced by the deaf and dumb.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ere are two different manual alphabets, the onehand
     alphabet  (which was perfected by Abb\'82 de l'Ep\'82e, who died in
     1789),  and  the two alphabet. The latter was probably based on the
     manual  alphabet published by George Dalgarus of Aberdeen, in 1680.
     See Illustration in Appendix.


   Dac*tyl"o*man`cy (?), n. Dactylio mancy. [R.] Am. Cyc.


   Dac`tyl*on"o*my  (?),  n. [Gr. finger + law, distribution.] The art of
   numbering or counting by the fingers.


   Dac`tyl*op"ter*ous (?), a. [Gr. finger + wing, fin.] (Zo\'94l.) Having
   the  inferior rays of the pectoral fins partially or entirely free, as
   in the gurnards.


   Dac`ty*lo*the"ca  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  finger, toe + case, box.]
   (Zo\'94l.) The scaly covering of the toes, as in birds.


   Dac`tyl*o*zo"oid (?), n. [Gr. finger + E. zooid.] (Zo\'94l.) A kind of
   zooid  of  Siphonophora which has an elongated or even vermiform body,
   with one tentacle, but no mouth. See Siphonophora.


   Dad  (?),  n. [Prob. of Celtic origin; cf. Ir. daid, Gael. daidein, W.
   tad,  OL.  ,  ,  Skr.  t\'beta.]  Father;  -- a word sometimes used by

     I  was  never  so  bethumped  withwords,  Since  I  first called my
     brother's father dad. Shak.


   Dad"le  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p.p. Daddled (?), p.pr. & vb.n. Daddling.]
   [Prob.  freq. of dade.] To toddle; to walk unsteadily, like a child or
   an old man; hence, to do anything slowly or feebly.


   Dad"dock  (?), n. [Cf. Prov. E. dad a large piece.] The rotten body of
   a tree. [Prov. Eng.] Wright.


   Dad"dy (?), n. Diminutive of Dad. Dryden.

                                Daddy longlegs

   Dad"dy long"legs` (?).

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  arachnidan  of  the  genus  Phalangium, and allied
   genera,  having  a  small  body and four pairs of long legs; -- called
   also harvestman, carter, and grandfather longlegs.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  A name applied to many species of dipterous insects of
   the  genus  Tipula,  and  allied genera, with slender bodies, and very
   long, slender legs; the crane fly; -- called also father longlegs.


   Dade (?), v. t. [Of. uncertain origin. Cf. Dandle, Daddle.] To hold up
   by leading strings or by the hand, as a child while he toddles. [Obs.]

     Little  children  when they learn to go By painful mothers daded to
     and fro. Drayton.


   Dade, v. i. To walk unsteadily, as a child in leading strings, or just
   learning to walk; to move slowly. [Obs.]

     No sooner taught to dade, but from their mother trip. Drayton.


   Da"do  (?),  n.; pl. Dadoes (#). [It. dado die, cube, pedestal; of the
   same  origin  as  E.  die,  n. See Die, n.] (Arch.) (a) That part of a
   pedestal  included  between the base and the cornice (or surbase); the
   die.  See  Illust. of Column. Hence: (b) In any wall, that part of the
   basement  included  between  the  base  and  the base course. See Base
   course,  under Base. (c) In interior decoration, the lower part of the
   wall  of  an  apartment  when  adorned  with  moldings,  or  otherwise
   specially decorated.

                             D\'91dal, D\'91dalian

   D\'91"dal  (?),  D\'91*dal"ian (?), a. [L. daedalus cunningly wrought,
   fr. Gr. ; cf. to work cunningly. The word also alludes to the mythical
   D\'91dalus (Gr. , lit., the cunning worker).]

   1.  Cunningly  or  ingeniously  formed or working; skillful; artistic;

     Our bodies decked in our d\'91dalian arms. Chapman.

     The d\'91dal hand of Nature. J. Philips.

     The  doth  the  d\'91dal  earth  throw  forth  to  thee, Out of her
     fruitful, abundant flowers. Spenser.

   2. Crafty; deceitful. [R.] Keats.


   D\'91d"a*lous (?), a. (Bot.) Having a variously cut or incised margin;
   -- said of leaves.

                           D\'91mon, n., D\'91monic

   D\'91"mon (?), n., D\'91*mon"ic (, a. See Demon, Demonic.


   Daff (?), v. t. [Cf. Doff.] To cast aside; to put off; to doff. [Obs.]

     Canst thou so daff me? Thou hast killed my child. Shak.


   Daff,  n.  [See  Daft.]  A stupid, blockish fellow; a numskull. [Obs.]


   Daff  (?),  v. i. To act foolishly; to be foolish or sportive; to toy.
   [Scot.] Jamieson.


   Daff, v. t. To daunt. [Prov. Eng.] Grose.


   Daf"fo*dil  (?),  n.  [OE.  affodylle,  prop.,  the  asphodel, fr. LL.
   affodillus   (cf.   D.  affodille  or  OF.  asphodile,  aphodille,  F.
   asphod\'8ale),  L.  asphodelus,  fr. Gr. . The initial d in English is
   not satisfactorily explained. See Asphodel.] (Bot.) (a) A plant of the
   genus   Asphodelus.   (b)   A   plant   of  the  genus  Narcissus  (N.
   Pseudo-narcissus).  It  has  a  bulbous  root  and  beautiful flowers,
   usually   of   a  yellow  hue.  Called  also  daffodilly,  daffadilly,
   daffadowndilly, daffydowndilly, etc.

     With damasc roses and daffadowndillies set. Spenser.

     Strow  me  the  ground  with  daffadowndillies,  And  cowslips, and
     kingcups, and loved lilies. Spenser.

     A college gown That clad her like an April Daffodilly. Tennyson

     And chance-sown daffodil. Whittier.


   Daft  (?), a. [OE. daft, deft, deft, stupid; prob. the same word as E.
   deft. See Deft.]

   1.  Stupid; folish; idiotic; also, delirious; insance; as, he has gone

     Let us think no more of this daft business Sir W. Scott.

   2. Gay; playful; frolicsome. [Scot.] Jamieson.


   Daft"ness, n. The quality of being daft.


   Dag  (?), n. [Cf. F. dague, LL. daga, D. dagge (fr. French); all prob.
   fr. Celtic; Cf. Gael. dag a pistol, Armor. dag dagger, W. dager, dagr,
   Ir. daigear. Cf. Dagger.]

   1. A dagger; a poniard. [Obs.] Johnson.

   2. A large pistol formerly used. [Obs.]

     The Spaniards discharged their dags, and hurt some. Foxe.

     A  sort of pistol, called dag, was used about the same time as hand
     guns and harquebuts. Grose.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) The unbrunched antler of a young deer.


   Dag,  n. [Of Scand. origin; cf. Sw. dagg, Icel. d\'94gg. &root;71. See
   Dew.] A misty shower; dew. [Obs.]


   Dag,  n. [OE. dagge (cf. Dagger); or cf. AS. d\'beg what is dangling.]
   A loose end; a dangling shred.

     Daglocks,  clotted locks hanging in dags or jags at a sheep's tail.


   Dag, v. t. [1, from Dag dew. 2, from Dag a loose end.]

   1. To daggle or bemire. [Prov. Eng.] Johnson.

   2.  To cut into jags or points; to slash; as, to dag a garment. [Obs.]


   Dag, v. i. To be misty; to drizzle. [Prov. Eng.]


   Dag"ger  (?),  n.  [Cf.  OE.  daggen  to  pierce, F. daguer. See Dag a

   1.  A  short  weapon  used for stabbing. This is the general term: cf.
   Poniard, Stiletto, Bowie knife, Dirk, Misericorde, Anlace.

   2.  (Print.)  A  mark of reference in the form of a dagger [/-]. It is
   the  second in order when more than one reference occurs on a page; --
   called also obelisk.
   Dagger  moth  (Zo\'94l.), any moth of the genus Apatalea. The larv\'91
   are often destructive to the foliage of fruit trees, etc. -- Dagger of
   lath, the wooden weapon given to the Vice in the old Moralities. Shak.
   --  Double dagger, a mark of reference [‡] which comes next in
   order  after  the  dagger.  --  To look, OR speak, daggers, to look or
   speak fiercely or reproachfully.


   Dag"ger, v. t. To pierce with a dagger; to stab. [Obs.]


   Dag"ger,  n.  [Perh.  from  diagonal.] A timber placed diagonally in a
   ship's frame. Knight.


   Dagges (?), n. pl. [OE. See Dag a loose end.] An ornamental cutting of
   the  edges  of garments, introduced about a. d. 1346, according to the
   Chronicles of St Albans. [Obs.] Halliwell.


   Dag"gle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Daggled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Daggling
   (?).]  [Freq.  of dag, v. t., 1.] To trail, so as to wet or befoul; to
   make wet and limp; to moisten.

     The  warrior's very plume, I say, Was daggled by the dashing spray.
     Sir W. Scott.


   Dag"gle,  v. i. To run, go, or trail one's self through water, mud, or
   slush; to draggle.

     Nor, like a puppy [have I] daggled through the town. Pope.

                          Daggle-tail, Daggle-tailed

   Dag"gle-tail`  (?),  Dag"gle-tailed`  (?), a. Having the lower ends of
   garments defiled by trailing in mire or filth; draggle-tailed.


   Dag"gle-tail` (?), n. A slovenly woman; a slattern; a draggle-tail.


   Dag"lock` (?), n. [Dag a loose and + lock.] A dirty or clotted lock of
   wool on a sheep; a taglock.


   Da"go  (?),  n.;  pl. Dagos (#). [Cf. Sp. Diego, E. James.] A nickname
   given to a person of Spanish (or, by extension, Portuguese or Italian)
   descent. [U. S.]


   Da*go"ba (?), n. [Singhalese d\'begoba.] A dome-shaped structure built
   over relics of Buddha or some Buddhist saint. [East Indies]


   Da"gon  (?),  [Heb.  D\'begon, fr. dag a fish: cf. Gr. .] The national
   god  of the Philistines, represented with the face and hands and upper
   part of a man, and the tail of a fish. W. Smith.

     This  day  a solemn feast the people hold To Dagon, their sea idol.

     They brought it into the house of Dagon. 1 Sam. v. 2.


   Dag"on (?), n. [See Dag a loose end.] A slip or piece. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Dag"swain`  (?), n. [From Dag a loose end?] Acoarse woolen fabric made
   of  daglocks,  or  the  refuse  of  wool.  "Under  coverlets  made  of
   dagswain." Holinshed.


   Dag"-tailed`  (?),  a. [Dag a loose end + tail.] Daggle-tailed; having
   the tail clogged with daglocks. "Dag-tailed sheep." Bp. Hall.

                            Daguerrean, Daguerreian

   Da*guer"re*an  (?),  Da*guerre"i*an (?), a. Pertaining to Daguerre, or
   to his invention of the daguerreotype.


   Da*guerre"o*type, n. [From Daguerre the inventor + -type.]

   1.  An  early  variety  of  photograph, produced on a silver plate, or
   copper plate covered with silver, and rendered sensitive by the action
   of  iodine,  or  iodine  and  bromine, on which, after exposure in the
   camera, the latent image is developed by the vapor of mercury.

   2. The process of taking such pictures.


   Da*guerre"o*type  (?), v. t. [imp. & p.p. Daguerreotyped (?); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Daguerreotyping (?).]

   1. To produce or represent by the daguerreotype process, as a picture.

   2. To impress with great distinctness; to imprint; to imitate exactly.

                        Daguerreotyper, Daguerreotypist

   Da*guerre"o*ty`per  (?),  Da*guerre"o*ty`pist  (?),  n.  One who takes


   Da*guerre"o*ty`py  (?), n. The art or process of producing pictures by
   method of Daguerre.


   Da`ha*be"ah (?), n. [Ar.] A nile boat


   Dah"lia  (?),  n.; pl. Dahlias (#). [Named after Andrew Dahl a Swedish
   botanist.]  (Bot.)  A  genus  of  plants  native to Mexico and Central
   America,  of  the order Composit\'91; also, any plant or flower of the
   genus.  The  numerous varieties of cultivated dahlias bear conspicuous
   flowers which differ in color.


   Dah"lin  (?),  n. [From Dahlia.] (Chem.) A variety of starch extracted
   from the dahlia; -- called also inulin. See Inulin.


   Dai"li*ness (?), n. Daily occurence. [R.]


   Dai"ly (?), a. [AS. d\'91gl\'c6c; d\'91g day + -l\'c6c like. See Day.]
   Happening,  or  belonging  to, each successive day; diurnal; as, daily
   labor; a daily bulletin.

     Give us this day our daily bread. Matt. vi. 11.

     Bunyan  has  told  us  .  . . that in New England his dream was the
     daily subject of the conversation of thousands. Macaulay.

   Syn.  --  Daily,  Diurnal. Daily is Anglo-Saxon, and diurnal is Latin.
   The  former is used in reference to the ordinary concerns of life; as,
   daily   wants,   daily   cares,   daily  employments.  The  latter  is
   appropriated   chiefly   by   astronomers   to  what  belongs  to  the
   astronomical day; as, the diurnal revolution of the earth.

     Man  hath  his daily work of body or mind Appointed, which declares
     his dignity, And the regard of Heaven on all his ways. Milton.

     Half  yet  remains  unsung,  but  narrower bound Within the visible
     diurnal sphere. Milton.


   Dai"ly, n.; pl. Dailies (. A publication which appears regularly every
   day; as, the morning dailies.


   Dai"ly, adv. Every day; day by day; as, a thing happens daily.


   Dai"mi*o  (?),  n.;  pl.  Daimios (#). [Jap., fr. Chin. tai ming great
   name.] The title of the feudal nobles of Japan.<-- usu. written daimyo

     The  daimios,  or  territorial  nobles,  resided  in  Yedo and were
     divided into four classes. Am. Cyc.


   Daint (?), n. [See Dainty, n.] Something of exquisite taste; a dainty.
   [Obs.] -- a. Dainty. [Obs.]

     To cherish him with diets daint. Spenser.


   Dain"ti*fy  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Daintified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Daintifying.]   [Dainty   +  -fy.]  To  render  dainty,  delicate,  or
   fastidious. "Daintified emotion." Sat. rev.


   Dain"ti*ly,   adv.   In   a   dainty   manner;  nicely;  scrupulously;
   fastidiously; deliciously; prettily.


   Dain"ti*ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being  dainty;  nicety; niceness;
   elegance; delicacy; deliciousness; fastidiousness; squeamishness.

     The daintiness and niceness of our captains Hakluyt.

     More  notorious  for the daintiness of the provision . . . than for
     the massiveness of the dish. Hakewill.

     The  duke  exeeded  in  the daintiness of his leg and foot, and the
     earl in the fine shape of his hands, Sir H. Wotton.


   Dain"trel (?), n. [From daint or dainty; cf. OF. daintier.] Adelicacy.
   [Obs.] Halliwell.


   Dain"ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Dainties  (#).  [OE. deinie, dainte, deintie,
   deyntee,  OF.  deinti\'82  delicacy,  orig.,  dignity,  honor,  fr. L.
   dignitas, fr. dignus worthy. See Deign, and cf. Dignity.]

   1. Value; estimation; the gratification or pleasure taken in anything.

     I ne told no deyntee of her love. Chaucer.

   2. That which is delicious or delicate; a delicacy.

     That precious nectar may the taste renew Of Eden's dainties, by our
     parents lost. Beau. & Fl.

   3.  A  term of fondness. [Poetic] B. Jonson. Syn. -- Dainty, Delicacy.
   These  words  are here compared as denoting articles of food. The term
   delicacy  as  applied  to  a  nice  article  of any kind, and hence to
   articles   of  food  which  are  particularly  attractive.  Dainty  is
   stronger,  and  denotes some exquisite article of cookery. A hotel may
   be  provided  with  all  the  delicacies  of the season, and its table
   richly covered with dainties.

     These  delicacies I mean of taste, sight, smell, herbs, fruits, and
     flowers, Walks and the melody of birds. Milton.

     [A  table] furnished plenteously with bread, And dainties, remnants
     of the last regale. Cowper.


   Dain"ty, a. [Compar. Daintier (?); superl. Daintiest.]

   1. Rare; valuable; costly. [Obs.]

     Full many a deynt\'82 horse had he in stable. Chaucer.

     NOTE: &hand; He nce th e pr overb "d ainty ma keth de arth," i. e.,
     rarity makes a thing dear or precious.

   2. Delicious to the palate; toothsome.

     Dainty bits Make rich the ribs. Shak.

   3.  Nice; delicate;elegant, in form, manner, or breeding; well-formed;
   neat; tender.

     Those  dainty  limbs  which  nature  lent For gentle usage and soft
     delicacy. Milton.

     Iwould be the girdle. About her dainty, dainty waist. Tennyson.

   4.  Requirinig  daintles. Hence; Overnice; hard to please; fastidious;
   sqrupulous; ceremonious.

     Thew were a fine and Dainty people. Bacon.

     And let us not be dainty of leave taking, But shift away. Shak.

   To make dainty, to assume or affect delicacy or fastidiousness. [Obs.]

     Ah  ha, my mistresses! which of you all Will now deny to dance? She
     that makes dainty, She, I'll swear, hath corns. Shak.


   Dai"ry  (?),  n.;pl. Dairies (#). [OE. deierie, from deie, daie, maid;
   of Scand. origin; cf. Icel. deigja maid, dairymaid, Sw. deja, orig., a
   baking maid, fr. Icel. deig. Dough.]

   1.  The  place,  room, or house where milk is kept, and converted into
   butter or cheese.

     What stores my dairies and my folds contain. Dryden.

   2.  That department of farming which is concerned in the production of
   milk, and its conversion into butter and cheese.

     Grounds were turned much in England either to feeding or dairy; and
     this advanced the trade of English butter. Temple.

   3. A dairy farm. [R.]

     NOTE: &hand; Da iry is much used adjectively or in combination; as,
     dairy  farm, dairy countries, dairy house or dairyhouse, dairyroom,
     dairywork, etc.


   Dai"ry*ing, n. The business of conducting a dairy.


   Dai"ry*maid`  (?),  n.  A female servant whose business is the care of
   the dairy.


   Dai"ry*man (?), n.; pl. Dairymen (. A man who keeps or takes care of a


   Dai"ry*wom`an  (?),  n.;  pl.  Dairywomen  (. A woman who attends to a


   Da"is  (d&amac;"&icr;s),  n.  [OE.  deis,  des,  table, dais, OF. deis
   table,  F.  dais a canopy, L. discus a quoit, a dish (from the shape),
   LL., table, fr. Gr. a quoit, a dish. See Dish.]

   1.  The  high  or  principal table, at the end of a hall, at which the
   chief  guests  were  seated;  also,  the chief seat at the high table.

   2. A platform slightly raised above the floor of a hall or large room,
   giving distinction to the table and seats placed upon it for the chief

   3. A canopy over the seat of a person of dignity. [Obs.] Shiply.


   Dai"sied  (?),  a. Full of daisies; adorned with daisies. "The daisied
   green." Langhorne.

     The grass all deep and daisied. G. Eliot.


   Dai"sy (?), n.; pl. Daisies (#). [OE. dayesye, AS. d\'91ges day's eye,
   daisy.  See  Day,  and Eye.] (Bot.) (a) A genus of low herbs (Bellis),
   belonging to the family Composit\'91. The common English and classical
   daisy  is  B.  prennis,  which  has a yellow disk and white or pinkish
   rays.  (b)  The  whiteweed  (Chrysanthemum  Leucanthemum),  the  plant
   commonly  called  daisy  in North America; -- called also oxeye daisy.
   See Whiteweed.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e wo rd da isy is also used for composite plants of
     other genera, as Erigeron, or fleabane.

   Michaelmas  daisy (Bot.), any plant of the genus Aster, of which there
   are many species. -- Oxeye daisy (Bot.), the whiteweed. See Daisy (b).


   Dak   (?),  n.  [Hind.  .]  Post;  mail;  also,  the  mail  or  postal
   arrangements;  --  spelt also dawk, and dauk. [India] Dak boat, a mail
   boat. Percy Smith. -- Dak bungalow, a traveler's rest-house at the and
   of  a  dak  stage.  --  To  travel  by  dak,  to  travel  by relays of
   palanquines or other carriage, as fast as the post along a road.

                                 Daker, Dakir

   Da"ker  (?),  Da"kir  (?),  n.  [See  Dicker.] (O. Eng. & Scots Law) A
   measure  of  certain commodities by number, usually ten or twelve, but
   sometimes twenty; as, a daker of hides consisted of ten skins; a daker
   of gloves of ten pairs. Burrill.

                                   Daker hen

   Da"ker  hen`  (?).  [Perh.  fr. W. crecial the daker hen; crec a sharp
   noise  (creg  harsh,  hoarse, crechian to scream) + iar hen; or cf. D.
   duiken to dive, plunge.] (Zo\'94l.) The corncrake or land rail.

                              Dakoit, n., Dakoity

   Da*koit", n., Da*koit"y, n. See Dacoit, Dacoity.

                                 Dakota group

   Da*ko"ta  group`  (?).  (Geol.)  A  subdivision  at  the  base  of the
   cretaceous  formation  in  Western North America; -- so named from the
   region where the strata were first studied.


   Da*ko"tas  (?), n. pl.; sing. Dacota (. (Ethnol.) An extensive race or
   stock  of  Indians, including many tribes, mostly dwelling west of the
   Mississippi  River;  --  also,  in  part,  called Sioux. [Written also


   Dal  (?),  n.  [Hind.]  Split  pulse,  esp.  of Cajanus Indicus. [East


   Dale  (?),  n.  [AS.  d\'91l; akin to LG., D., Sw., Dan., OS., & Goth.
   dal,  Icel. dalr, OHG. tal, G. thal, and perth. to Gr. a rotunda, Skr.
   dh\'bera depth. Cf. Dell.]

   1. A low place between hills; a vle or valley.

     Where mountaines rise, umbrageous dales descend. Thomson.

   2. A trough or spout to carry off water, as from a pump. Knight.


   Dales"man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Dalesmen (. One living in a dale; -- a term
   applied particularly to the inhabitants of the valleys in the north of
   England, Norway, etc. Macaulay.


   Dalf (?), imp. of Delve. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Dal"li*ance (?), n. [From Dally.]

   1.  The  act  of  dallying,  trifling,  or  fondling;  interchange  of
   caresses; wanton play.

     Look thou be true, do not give dalliance Too mnch the rein. Shak.

     O, the dalliance and the wit, The flattery and the strifeTennyson.

   2. Delay or procrastination. Shak.

   3. Entertaining discourse. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Dai"l*er  (?),  n.  One  Who  fondles;  a  trifler;  as, dalliers with
   pleasant words. Asham.


   Dal"lop (?), n. [Etymol. unknown.] A tuft or clump. [Obs.] Tusser.


   Dal"ly  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Dallied  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Dallying.]  [OE. , dailien; cf. Icel. pylja to talk, G. dallen, dalen,
   dahlen,  to  trifle, talk nonsense, OSw. tule a droll or funny man; or
   AS. dol foolish, E. dull.]

   1.  To  waste  time  in  effeminate  or  voluptuous  pleasures,  or in
   idleness;  to  fool  away  time;  to delay unnecessarily; to tarry; to

     We  have  trifled  too  long  already;  it  is madness to dally any
     longer. Calamy.

     We have put off God, and dallied with his grace. Barrow.

   2.  To  interchange caresses, especially with one of the opposite sex;
   to use fondling; to wanton; to sport.

     Not dallying with a brace of courtesans. Shak.

     Our aerie . . . dallies with the wind. Shak.


   Dal"ly, v. t. To delay unnecessarily; to while away.

     Dallying off the time with often skirmishes. Knolles.


   Dal*ma"ni*a (?), n. [From Dalman, the geologist.] (Paleon.) A genus of
   trilobites, of many species, common in the Upper Silurian and Devonian


   Dal`ma*ni"tes (?), n. Same as Dalmania.


   Dal*ma"tian  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  Dalmatia. Dalmatian dog
   (Zo\'94l.), a carriage dog, shaped like a pointer, and having black or
   bluish spots on a white ground; the coach dog.

                            Dalmatica, n., Dalmatic

   Dal*mat"i*ca  (?),  n.,  Dal*mat"ic  (,  n.  [LL.  dalmatica:  cf.  F.

   1.  (R.  C.  Ch.)  A vestment with wide sleeves, and with two stripes,
   worn  at  Mass  by  deacons,  and  by  bishops  at pontifical Mass; --
   imitated from a dress originally worn in Dalmatia.

   2.  A  robe  worn  on  state  ocasions,  as  by English kings at their

                                   Dal segno

   Dal`  se"gno  (?). [It., from the sign.] (Mus.) A direction to go back
   to the sign Segno.


   Dal*to"ni*an (?), n. One afflicted with color blindness.


   Dal"ton*ism  (?),  n.  Inability  to  perceive  or distinguish certain
   colors,  esp.  red; color blindness. It has various forms and degrees.
   So called from the chemist Dalton, who had this infirmity. Nichol.


   Dam (?), n. [OE. dame mistress, lady; also, mother, dam. See Dame.]

   1.  A  female  parent;  --  used  of beasts, especially of quadrupeds;
   sometimes applied in contempt to a human mother.

     Our  sire  and dam, now confined to horses, are a relic of this age
     (13th  century)  .  . . .Dame is used of a hen; we now make a great
     difference between dame and dam. T. L. K. Oliphant.

     The dam runs lowing up end down, Looking the way her harmless young
     one went. Shak.

   2. A kind or crowned piece in the game of draughts.


   Dam, n. [Akin to OLG., D., & Dan. dam, G. & Sw. damm, Icel. dammr, and
   AS. fordemman to stop up, Goth. Fa\'a3rdammjan.]

   1.  A  barrier to prevent the flow of a liquid; esp., a bank of earth,
   or  wall  of  any  kind,  as  of masonry or wood, built across a water
   course, to confine and keep back flowing water.

   2. (Metal.) A firebrick wall, or a stone, which forms the front of the
   hearth of a blast furnace.
   Dam  plate  (Blast  Furnace),  an  iron  plate in front of the dam, to
   strengthen it.


   Dam, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dammed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Damming.]

   1.  To  obstruct  or  restrain  the  flow  of, by a dam; to confine by
   constructing a dam, as a stream of water; -- generally used with in or

     I'll have the current in this place dammed up. Shak.

     A weight of earth that dams in the water. Mortimer.

   2. To shut up; to stop up; to close; to restrain.

     The  strait pass was dammed With dead men hurt behind, and cowards.

   To dam out, to keep out by means of a dam.


   Dam"age  (?),  n.  [OF.  damage,  domage,  F. dommage, fr. assumed LL.
   damnaticum, from L. damnum damage. See Damn.]

   1.  Injury  or  harm  to person, property, or reputation; an inflicted
   loss of value; detriment; hurt; mischief.

     He  that  sendeth  a  message by the hand of a fool cutteth off the
     feet and drinketh damage. Prov. xxvi. 6.

     Great  errors  and  absurdities many commit for want of a friend to
     tell  them  of  them,  to  the  great damage both of their fame and
     fortune. Bacon.

   2. pl. (Law) The estimated reparation in money for detriment or injury
   sustained;  a  compensation, recompense, or satisfaction to one party,
   for a wrong or injury actually done to him by another.

     NOTE: &hand; In  co mmon-law action, the jury are the proper judges
     of damages.

   Consequential  damage.  See  under Consequential. -- Exemplary damages
   (Law), damages imposed by way of example to others. -- Nominal damages
   (Law), those given for a violation of a right where no actual loss has
   accrued.   --  Vindictive  damages,  those  given  specially  for  the
   punishment  of  the  wrongdoer.  Syn. -- Mischief; injury; harm; hurt;
   detriment; evil; ill. See Mischief.


   Dam"age,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Damages (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Damaging
   (?).]  [Cf. OF. damagier, domagier. See Damage, n.] To ocassion damage
   to the soudness, goodness, or value of; to hurt; to injure; to impair.

     He  .  . . came up to the English admiral and gave him a broadside,
     with  which  he  killed  many  of  his  men  and  damaged the ship.


   Dam"age  (?),  v.  i.  To  receive  damage  or  harm; to be injured or
   impaired in soudness or value; as. some colors in damage in sunlight.


   Dam"age*a*ble (?), a. [Cf. OF. dammageable, for sense 2.]

   1. Capable of being injured or impaired; liable to, or susceptible of,
   damage; as, a damageable cargo.

   2. Hurtful; pernicious. [R.]

     That it be not demageable unto your royal majesty. Hakluit.

                                Damage feasant

   Dam"age  fea`sant  (?).  [OF.  damage  +  F. faisant doing, p. pr. See
   Feasible.] (Law) Doing injury; trespassing, as cattle. Blackstone.


   Da"man  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small herbivorous mammal of the genus
   Hyrax.  The  species  found  in Palestine and Syria is Hyrax Syriacus;
   that  of  Northern Africa is H. Brucei; -- called also ashkoko, dassy,
   and rock rabbit. See Cony, and Hyrax.


   Dam"ar (?), n. See Dammar.


   Dam"as*cene (?), a. [L. Damascenus of Damascus, fr. Damascus the city,
   Gr. . See Damask, and cf. Damaskeen, Damaskin, Damson.] Of or relating
   to Damascus.


   Dam"as*cene (?), n. A kind of plume, now called damson. See Damson.


   Dam"as*cene (?), v. t. Same as Damask, or Damaskeen, v. t. "Damascened
   armor." Beaconsfield. "Cast and damascened steel." Ure.


   Da*mas"cus  (?),  n.  [L.] A city of Syria. Damascus blade, a sword or
   scimiter,  made chiefly at Damascus, having a variegated appearance of
   watering, and proverbial for excellence. -- Damascus iron, OR Damascus
   twist,  metal  formed  of  thin  bars  or  wires  of  iron  and  steel
   elaborately  twisted and welded together; used for making gun barrels,
   etc.,  of  high quality, in which the surface, when polished and acted
   upon  by  acid, has a damasc appearance. -- Damascus steel. See Damask
   steel, under Damask, a.


   Dam"ask  (?),  n.  [From  the  city  Damascus, L. Damascus, Gr. , Heb.
   Dammesq,  Ar.  Daemeshq; cf. Heb. d'meseq damask; cf. It. damasco, Sp.
   damasco, F. damas. Cf. Damascene, Damass\'90.]

   1.  Damask  silk;  silk woven with an elaborate pattern of flowers and
   the like. "A bed of ancient damask." W. Irving.

   2.  Linen  so  woven  that  a  pattern  in  produced  by the different
   directions of the thread, without contrast of color.

   3.  A  heavy  woolen or worsted stuff with a pattern woven in the same
   way as the linen damask; -- made for furniture covering and hangings.

   4. Damask or Damascus steel; also, the peculiar markings or "water" of
   such steel.

   5. A deep pink or rose color. Fairfax.


   Dam"ask, a.

   1.  Pertaining to, or originating at, the city of Damascus; resembling
   the products or manufactures of Damascus.

   2. Having the color of the damask rose.

     But  let  concealment,  like  a worm i' the bud, Feed on her damask
     cheek. Shak.

   Damask  color,  a  deep  rose-color  like  that of the damask rose. --
   Damask  plum,  a  small dark-colored plum, generally called damson. --
   Damask rose (Bot.), a large, pink, hardy, and very fragrant variety of
   rose (Rosa damascena) from Damascus. "Damask roses have not been known
   in  England  above  one  hundred  years."  Bacon.  -- Damask steel, OR
   Damascus  steel, steel of the kind originally made at Damascus, famous
   for  its  hardness,  and its beautiful texture, ornamented with waving
   lines; especially, that which is inlaid with damaskeening; -- formerly
   much valued for sword blades, from its great flexibility and tenacity.


   Dam"ask, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Damasked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Damasking.]
   To  decorate  in a way peculiar to Damascus or attributed to Damascus;
   particularly:  (a)  with  flowers  and rich designs, as silk; (b) with
   inlaid  lines of gold, etc., or with a peculiar marking or "water," as
   metal. See Damaskeen.

     Mingled metal damasked o'er with gold. Dryde

     On the soft, downy bank, damasked with flowers. Milton.

                              Damaskeen, Damasken

   Dam"as*keen`   (?),  Dam"as*ken  (?),  v.  t.  [F.  damaschinare.  See
   Damascene,  v.]  To  decorate,  as  iron, steel, etc., with a peculiar
   marking  or  "water"  produced  in the process of manufacture, or with
   designs  produced  by  inlaying  or  incrusting with another metal, as
   silver or gold, or by etching, etc., to damask.

     Damaskeening is is partly mosaic work, partly engraving, and partly
     carving. Ure.


   Dam"as*kin  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  damasquin,  adj.,  It. damaschino, Sp.
   damasquino. See Damaskeen.] A sword of Damask steel.

     No old Toledo blades or damaskins. Howell 


   Da*mas*s\'82"  (?),  a.  [F. damass\'82, fr. damas. See Damask.] Woven
   like damask. -- n. A damass\'82 fabric, esp. one of linen.


   Dam"as*sin  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr. damas. See Damask.] A kind of modified
   damask or blocade.


   Dam1bo*nite  (?),  n. [Cf. F. dambonite.] (Chem.) A white crystalline,
   sugary substance obtained from an African caotchouc.


   Dam"bose  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  crystalline  vari  ety  of fruit sugar
   obtained from dambonite.


   Dame  (?),  n. [F. dame, LL. domna, fr. L. domina mistress, lady, fem.
   of  dominus  master,  ruler, lord; akin to domare to tame, subdue. See
   Tame, and cf. Dam mother, Dan, Danger, Dangeon, Dungeon, Dominie, Don,
   n., Duenna.]

   1.  A  mistress  of  a  family,  who  is a lady; a womam in authority;
   especially, a lady.

     Then  shall these lords do vex me half so much, As that proud dame,
     the lord protector's wife. Shak.

   2.  The  mistress  of  a  family  in common life, or the mistress of a
   common school; as, a dame's school.

     In the dame's classes at the village school. Emerson.

     3. A woman in general, esp. an elderly woman.

     4.  A  mother;  --  applied  to human beings and quadrupeds. [Obs.]


     Dame"wort`   (?),   n.   (Bot.)   A  cruciferrous  plant  (Hesperis
     matronalis),  remarkable  for  its fragrance, especially toward the
     close of the day; -- called also rocket and dame's violet. Loudon.


     Da`mi*a"na  (?),  n.  [NL.;  of uncertain origin.] (Med.) A Mexican
     drug, used as an aphrodisiac.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ere ar e se veral va rieties derived from different
     plants,  esp.  from a species of Turnera and from Bigelovia veneta.
     Wood & Bache.


     Da"mi*an*ist  (?), n. (Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Damian, patriarch
     of  Alexandria  in  the 6th century, who held heretical opinions on
     the doctrine of the Holy Trinity.

                                Dammar, Dammara

     Dam"mar  (?), Dam"ma*ra (?), n. [Jav. & Malay. damar.] An oleoresin
     used in making varnishes; dammar gum; dammara resin. It is obtained
     from certain resin trees indigenous to the East Indies, esp. Shorea
     robusta and the dammar pine.

   Dammar  pine,  (Bot.),  a  tree  of the Moluccas (Agathis, OR Dammara,
   orientalis), yielding dammar.


   Dam"ma*ra, n. (Bot.) A large tree of the order Conifer\'91, indigenous
   to  the East Indies and Australasia; -- called also Agathis. There are
   several species.


   Damn  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Damned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Damning
   (?).]  [OE.  damnen  dap),  OF.  damner,  dampner,  F.  damner, fr. L.
   damnare, damnatum, to condemn, fr. damnum damage, a fine, penalty. Cf.
   Condemn, Damage.]

   1.  To  condemn; to declare guilty; to doom; to adjudge to punishment;
   to sentence; to censhure.

     He shall not live; look, with a spot I damn him. Shak.

   2.  (Theol.)  To doom to punishment in the future world; to consign to
   perdition; to curse.

   3.  To  condemn  as  bad  or  displeasing,  by  open expression, as by
   denuciation, hissing, hooting, etc.

     You are not so arrant a critic as to damn them [the works of modern
     poets] . . . without hearing. Pope.

     Damn  with  faint  praise,  assent  with  civil  leer,  And without
     sneering teach the rest to sneer. Pope.

     NOTE: &hand; Damn is sometimes used interjectionally, imperatively,
     and intensively.


   Damn,  v.  i.  To invoke damnation; to curse. 'While I inwardly damn."


   Dam`na*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. The quality of being damnable; damnableness.
   Sir T. More.


   Dam"na*ble  (?),  a. [L. damnabilis, fr. damnare: cf. F. damnable. See

   1.  Liable  to  damnation; deserving, or for which one deserves, to be
   damned; of a damning nature.

     A  creature  unprepared  unmeet for dealth, And to transport him in
     the mind hi is, Were damnable. Shak.

   2. Odious; pernicious; detestable.

     Begin, murderer; . . . leave thy damnable faces. Shak.


   Dam"na*ble*ness,  n.  The  state  or  quality  of deserving damnation;

     The damnableness of this most execrable impiety. Prynne.


   Dam"na*bly, adv.

   1. In a manner to incur sever

   2. Odiously; detestably; excessively. [Low]


   Dam*na"tion  (?),  n.  [F.  damnation,  L.  damnatio, fr. damnare. See

   1.   The   state  of  being  damned;  condemnation;  openly  expressed

   2.  (Theol.)  Condemnation  to  everlasting  punishment  in the future
   state, or the punishment itself.

     How can ye escape the damnation of hell? Matt. xxiii. 33.

     Wickedness is sin, and sin is damnation. Shak.

   3. A sin daserving of everlasting punishment. [R.]

     The deep damnation of his taking-off. Shak.


   Dan"na*to*ry  (?),  a. [L. damnatorius, fr. damnator a condemner.] Doo
   "Damnatory invectives." Hallam.


   Damned (?), a.

   1.  Sentenced to punishment in a future state; condemned; consigned to

   2. Hateful; detestable; abominable.

     But,  O,  what  damned minutes tells he o'er Who doats, yet doubts,
     suspects, yet strongly loves. Shak.


   Dam*nif"ic  (?),  a.  [L.  damnificus; damnum damage, loss + facere to
   make. See Damn.] Procuring or causing loss; mischievous; injurious.


   Dam`ni*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [LL. damnificatio.] That which causes damage
   or loss.


   Dam"ni*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [LL.  damnificare, fr. L. damnificus: cf. OF.
   damnefier.  See  Damnific.]  To cause loss or damage to; to injure; to
   imparir. [R.]

     This  work will ask as many more officials to make expurgations and
     expunctions,  that  the  commonwealth of learning be not damnified.


   Damn"ing (?), a. That damns; damnable; as, damning evidence of guilt.


   Damn"ing*ness,  n.  Tendency  to  bring damnation. "The damningness of
   them [sins]." Hammond.


   dam"num  (?),  n.  [L.]  (law) Harm; detriment, either to character or

   Page 367

                        Damosel, Damosella, Damoiselle

   Dam"o*sel  (?),  Dam`o*sel"la  (?),  Da`moi`selle" (?), n. See Damsel.


   Dam"our*ite (?), n. [Ater the French chemist Damour.] (Min.) A kind of
   Muscovite, or potash mica, containing water.


   Damp  (?),  n.  [Akin  to  LG.,  D., & Dan. damp vapor, steam, fog, G.
   dampf,  Icel. dampi, Sw. damb dust, and to MNG. dimpfen to smoke, imp.

   1. Moisture; humidity; fog; fogginess; vapor.

     Night  .  .  .  with black air Accompanied, with damps and dreadful
     gloom. Milton.

   2. Dejection; depression; cloud of the mind.

     Even  now,  while thus I stand blest in thy presence, A secret damp
     of grief comes o'er my soul. Addison.

     It  must  have  thrown  a  damp  over  your autumn excursion. J. D.

   3. (Mining) A gaseous prodact, formed in coal mines, old wells, pints,
   Choke  damp,  a  damp  consisting principally of carboniCarbonic acid,
   under  Carbonic.  -- Damp sheet, a curtain in a mine gallery to direct
   air  currents  and  prevent  accumulation of gas. -- Fire damp, a damp
   consisting chiefly of light carbureted hydrogen; -- so called from its
   tendence  to  explode when mixed with atmospheric air and brought into
   contact with flame.


   Damp (?), a. [Compar. Damper (?); superl. Dampest.]

   1. Being in a state between dry and wet; moderately wet; moist; humid.

     O'erspread with a damp sweat and holy fear. Dryden.

   2. Dejected; depressed; sunk. [R.]

     All these and more came flocking, but with looks Downcast and damp.


   Damp,  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Damped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Damping.] [OE.
   dampen to choke, suffocate. See Damp, n.]

   1.  To  render  damp; to moisten; to make humid, or moderately wet; to
   dampen; as, to damp cloth.

   2.  To put out, as fire; to depress or deject; to deaden; to cloud; to
   check  or  restrain,  as  action or vigor; to make dull; to weaken; to
   discourage. "To damp your tender hopes." Akenside.

     Usury  dulls  and  damps  all  industries,  improvements,  and  new
     inventions, wherein money would be stirring if it were not for this
     slug. Bacon.

     How  many  a day has been damped and darkened by an angry word! Sir
     J. Lubbock.

     The  failure  of  his enterprise damped the spirit of the soldiers.


   Damp"en  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Dampened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To make damp or moist; to make slightly wet.

   2. To depress; to check; to make dull; to lessen.

     In a way that considerably dampened our enthusiasm. The Century.


   Damp"en, v. i. To become damp; to deaden. Byron.


   Damp"er (?), n. That which damps or checks; as: (a) A valve or movable
   plate  in  the  flue  or other part of a stove, furnace, etc., used to
   check  or  regulate  the  draught  of  air. (b) A contrivance, as in a
   pianoforte, to deaden vibrations; or, as in other pieces of mechanism,
   to check some action at a particular time.

     Nor  did Sabrina's presence seem to act as any damper at the modest
     little festivities. W. Black.


   Damp"ish  (?),  a.  Moderately  damp or moist. -- Damp"ish*ly, adv. --
   Damp"ish*ness, n.


   Damp"ne (?), v. t. To damn. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Damp"ness, n. Moderate humidity; moisture; fogginess; moistness.

                                   Damp off

   Damp" off` (?). To decay and perish through excessive moisture.


   Damp"y (?), a.

   1. Somewhat damp. [Obs.] Drayton.

   2.  Dejected;  gloomy;  sorrowful.  [Obs.]  "Dispel  dampy throughts."


   Dam"sel  (?),  n.  [OE.  damosel,  damesel,  damisel,  damsel, fr. OF.
   damoisele,  damisele,  gentlewoman,  F. demoiselle young lady; cf. OF.
   damoisel young nobleman, F. damoiseau; fr. LL. domicella, dominicella,
   fem.,  domicellus,  dominicellus,  masc., dim. fr. L. domina, dominus.
   See Dame, and cf. Demoiselle, Doncella.]

   1.  A  young  person,  either  male  or  female,  of  noble  or gentle
   extraction; as, Damsel Pepin; Damsel Richard, Prince of Wales. [Obs.]

   2. A young unmarried woman; a gerl; a maiden.

     With  her  train  of  damsels  she  was  gone,  In  shady walks the
     scorching heat to shum. Dryden.

     Sometimes  a  troop  of  damsels  glad,  .  .  . Goes by to towered
     Cameleot. Tennyson.

   3.  (Milling)  An  attachment  to  a millstone spindle for shaking the


   Dam"son (?), n. [OE. damasin the Damascus plum, fr. L. Damascenus. See
   Damascene.]  A small oval plum of a blue color, the fruit of a variety
   of the Prunus domestica; -- called also damask plum.


   Dan  (?),  n. [OE. dan, danz, OF. danz (prop. only nom.), dan, master,
   fr.  L.  dominus. See Dame.] A title of honor equivalent to master, or
   sir. [Obs.]

     Old  Dan Geoffry, in gently spright The pure wellhead of poetry did
     dwell. Spenser.

     What time Dan Abraham left the Chaldee land. Thomson.


   Dan,  n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Mining) A small truck or sledge used in
   coal mines.


   Da"na*ide  (?),  n. [From the mythical Danaides, who were condemned to
   fill  with water a vessel full of holes.] (Mach.) A water wheel having
   a  vertical axis, and an inner and outer tapering shell, between which
   are  vanes  or  floats  attached usually to both shells, but sometimes
   only to one.


   Da"na*ite   (?),   n.   [Named   after  J.  Freeman  Dana.]  (Min.)  A
   cobaltiferous variety of arsenopyrite.


   Da"na*lite  (?),  n. [Named after James Dwight Dana.] (Min.) A mineral
   occuring  in octahedral crystals, also massive, of a reddish color. It
   is  a  silicate  of  iron,  zinc  manganese,  and glicinum, containing


   Dan"bu*rite  (?),  n.  (Min.)  A  borosilicate of lime, first found at
   Danbury, Conn. It is near the topaz in form. Dana.


   Dance  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Danced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dancing.]
   [F.  danser,  fr.  OHG.  dans  to  draw; akin to dinsan to draw, Goth.
   apinsan, and prob. from the same root (meaning to stretch) as E. thin.
   See Thin.]

   1.  To  move with measured steps, or to a musical accompaniment; to go
   through,  either  alone  or  in  company with others, with a regulated
   succession  of movements, (commonly) to the sound of music; to trip or
   leap rhytmically.

     Jack shall pipe and Gill shall dance. Wiher.

     Good  shepherd,  what  fair  swain  is  this Which dances with your
     dauther? Shak.

   2. To move nimbly or merrily; to express pleasure by motion; to caper;
   to frisk; to skip about.

     Then, 'tis time to dance off. Thackeray.

     More dances my rapt heart Than when I first my wedded mistress saw.

     Shadows in the glassy waters dance. Byron.

     Where rivulets dance their wayward round. Wordsworth.

   To dance on a rope, OR To dance on nothing, to be hanged.


   Dance  (?),  v. t. To cause to dance, or move nimbly or merrily about,
   or up and down; to dandle.

     To dance our ringlets to the whistling wind. Shak.

     Thy  grandsire  loved  thee well; Many a time he danced thee on his
     knee. Shak.

   To  dance  attendance, to come and go obsequiously; to be or remain in
   waiting,  at  the  beck  and call of another, with a view to please or
   gain favor.

     A  man  of his place, and so near our favor, To dance attendance on
     their lordships' pleasure. Shak.


   Dance, n. [F. danse, of German origin. See Dance, v. i.]

   1.  The  leaping, tripping, or measured stepping of one who dances; an
   amusement, in which the movements of the persons are regulated by art,
   in figures and in accord with music.

   2.  (Mus.)  A  tune  by which dancing is regulated, as the minuet, the
   waltz, the cotillon, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e wo rd da nce wa s us ed ir onically, by the older
     writers, of many proceedings besides dancing.

     Of  remedies  of  love she knew parchance For of that art she couth
     the olde dance. Chaucer.

   Dance  of  Death  (Art), an allegorical representation of the power of
   death  over  all,  -- the old, the young, the high, and the low, being
   led by a dancing skeleton. -- Morris dance. See Morris. -- To lead one
   a  dance,  to  cause  one  to  go  through  a  series  of movements or
   experiences as if guided by a partner in a dance not understood.


   Dan"cer  (?),  n.  One  who dances or who practices dancing. The merry
   dancers,  beams  of  the  northern  lights  when  they  rise  and fall
   alternately  without  any  considerable  change  of length. See Aurora
   borealis, under Aurora.


   Dan"cer*ess, n. A female dancer. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Dan`cet`t\'82"  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. danch\'82 dancett\'82, dent tooth.]
   (Her.)  Deeply  indented; having large teeth; thus, a fess dancett\'82
   has only three teeth in the whole width of the escutcheon.


   Dan"cing  (?),  p.  a.  &  vb. n. from Dance. Dancing girl, one of the
   women  in the East Indies whose profession is to dance in the temples,
   or  for  the  amusement  of  spectators.  There are various classes of
   dancing  girls.  --  Dancing  master, a teacher of dancing. -- Dancing
   school, a school or place where dancing is taught.


   Dan"cy (?), a. (Her.) Same as Dancett\'82.


   Dan"de*li`on  (?), n. [F. dent de lion lion's tooth, fr. L. dens tooth
   + leo lion. See Tooth, n., and Lion.] (Bot.) A well-known plant of the
   genus  Taraxacum  (T.  officinale,  formerly called T. Dens-leonis and
   Leontodos  Taraxacum)  bearing  large,  yellow,  compound flowers, and
   deeply notched leaves.


   Dan"der (?), n. [Corrupted from dandruff.]

   1. Dandruff or scurf on the head.

   2. Anger or vexation; rage [Low] Halliwell.


   Dan"der,  v.  i.  [See  Dandle.]  To wander about; to saunter; to talk
   incoherently. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Dan"di (?), n. [Hind. , fr. an oar.] A boatman; an oarsman. [India]


   Dan"die (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of a breed of small terriers; -- called
   also Dandie Dinmont.


   Dan"di*fied  (?), a. Made up like a dandy; having the dress or manners
   of a dandy; buckish.


   Dan"di*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Dandified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Dandifying.]  [Dandy  +  -fy.]  To  cause to resemble a dandy; to make


   Dan"di*prat (?), n. [Dandy + brat child.]

   1.  A little fellow; -- in sport or contempt. "A dandiprat hop-thumb."

   2. A small coin.

     Henry VII. stamped a small coin called dandiprats. Camden.


   Dan"dle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dandled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dandling
   (?).]  [Cf. G. d\'84ndeln to trifly, dandle, OD. & Prov. G. danten, G.
   tand  trifly,  prattle;  Scot.  dandill,  dander, to go about idly, to

   1. To move up and down on one's knee or in one's arms, in affectionate
   play, as an infant.

     Ye shall be dandled . . . upon her knees. Is.

   2.  To  treat with fondness, as if a child; to fondle; to toy with; to

     They  have put me in a silk gown and gaudy fool's cap; I as ashamed
     to be dandled thus. Addison.

     The  book, thus dandled into popularity by bishops and good ladies,
     contained many pieces of nursery eloquence. Jeffrey.

   3. To play with; to put off or delay by trifles; to wheedle. [Obs.]

     Captains do so dandle their doings, and dally in the service, as it
     they would not have the enemy subdued. Spenser.


   Dan"dler (?), n. One who dandles or fondles.


   Dan"driff (?), n. See Dandruff. Swift.


   Dandruff  (?),  n. [Prob. from W. toncrust, peel, skin + AS. dr dirty,
   draffy, or W. drwg bad: cf. AS. tan a letter, an eruption. &root;240.]
   A  scurf which forms on the head, and comes off in small or particles.
   [Written also dandriff.]


   Dan"dy  (?), n.; pl. Dandies (#). [Cf. F. dandin, ninny, silly fellow,
   dandiner  to  waddle,  to  play  the  fool; prob. allied to E. dandle.
   Senses 2&3 are of uncertain etymol.]

   1. One who affects special finery or gives undue attention to dress; a
   fop; a coxcomb.

   2.  (Naut.)  (a) A sloop or cutter with a jigger on which a lugsail is
   set.  (b) A small sail carried at or near the stern of small boats; --
   called also jigger, and mizzen.

   3. A dandy roller. See below.
   Dandy  brush,  a  yard whalebone brush. -- Dandy fever. See Dengue. --
   Dandy  line,  a  kind  of  fishing  line to which are attached several
   crosspieces  of  whalebone  which  carry  a hook at each end. -- Dandy
   roller, a roller sieve used in machines for making paper, to press out
   water from the pulp, and set the paper.


   Dan"dy-cock` (, n. masc., Dan"dy-hen` (, n. fem. [See Dandy.] A bantam


   Dan"dy*ish, a. Like a dandy.


   Dan"dy*ism  (?),  n.  The  manners  and dress of a dandy; foppishness.


   Dan"dy*ise  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  To  make, or to act, like a dandy; to


   Dan"dy*ling  (?),  n.  [Dandy  + .] A little or insignificant dandy; a
   contemptible fop.


   Dane  (?),  n.  [LL.  Dani:  cf. AS. Dene.] A native, or a naturalized
   inhabitant,  of  Denmark. Great Dane. (Zo\'94l.) See Danish dog, under

                              Danegeld, Danegelt

   Dane"geld`  (?), Dane"gelt` (?), n. [AS. danegeld. See Dane, and Geld,
   n.]  (Eng. Hist.) An annual tax formerly laid on the English nation to
   buy  off  the  ravages  of  Danish  invaders, or to maintain forces to
   oppose  them.  It  afterward  became  a  permanent  tax,  raised by an
   assessment, at first of one shilling, afterward of two shillings, upon
   every hide of land throughout the realm. Wharton's Law Dict. Tomlins.


   Dane"wort`  (?), n. (Bot.) A fetid European species of elder (Sambucus
   Ebulus);  dwarf  elder;  wallwort; elderwort; -- called also Daneweed,
   Dane's weed, and Dane's-blood.

     NOTE: [Said to  grow on spots where battles were fought against the


   Dang (?), imp. of Ding. [Obs.]


   Dang, v. t. [Cf. Ding.] To dash. [Obs.]

     Till  she,  o'ercome  with anguish, shame, and rage, Danged down to
     hell her loathsome carriage. Marlowe.


   Dan"ger  (?),  n.  [OE.  danger,  daunger,  power, arrogance, refusal,
   difficulty,  fr.  OF.  dagier,  dongier (with same meaning), F. danger
   danger,  fr.  an  assumed  LL.  dominiarium  power, authority, from L.
   dominium power, property. See Dungeon, Domain, Dame.]

   1. Authority; jurisdiction; control. [Obs.]

     In dangerhad he . . . the young girls. Chaucer.

   2.  Power  to  harm; subjection or liability to penalty. [Obs.] See In
   one's danger, below.

     You stand within his danger, do you not? Shak.

     Covetousness of gains hath brought [them] in dangerof this statute.
     Robynson (More's Utopia).

   3.  Exposure  to  injury,  loss,  pain,  or  other  evil; peril; risk;

   4. Difficulty; sparingness. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   5. Coyness; disdainful behavior. [Obs.] Chaucer.
   In  one's  danger, in one's power; liable to a penalty to be inflicted
   by him. [Obs.] This sense is retained in the proverb, "Out of debt out
   of danger."
     Those  rich  man  in  whose  debt  and danger they be not. Robynson
     (More's Utopia).
   --  To do danger, to cause danger. [Obs.] Shak. Syn. -- Peril; hazard;
   risk;  jeopardy.  --  Danger, Peril, Hazard, Risk, Jeopardy. Danger is
   the  generic term, and implies some contingent evil in prospect. Peril
   is  instant  or  impending  danger; as, in peril of one's life. Hazard
   arises from something fortuitous or beyond our control; as, the hazard
   of  the  seas.  Risk  is  doubtful or uncertain danger, often incurred
   voluntarily;  as,  to  risk an engagement. Jeopardy is extreme danger.
   Danger  of  a contagious disease; the perils of shipwreck; the hazards
   of  speculation;  the  risk of daring enterprises; a life brought into


   Dan"ger, v. t. To endanger. [Obs.] Shak.


   Dan"ger*ful   (?),   a.   Full   of   danger;   dangerous.  [Obs.]  --
   Dan"ger*ful*ly, adv. [Obs.] Udall.


   Dan"ger*less, a. Free from danger. [R.]


   Dan"ger*ous  (?),  a.  [OE.,  haughty,  difficult,  dangerous, fr. OF.
   dangereus, F. dangereux. See Danger.]

   1.  Attended  or beset with danger; full of risk; perilous; hazardous;

     Our  troops  set  forth  to-morrow;  stay  with  us;  The  ways are
     dangerous. Shak.

     It is dangerous to assert a negative. Macaulay.

   2. Causing danger; ready to do harm or injury.

     If they incline to think you dangerous To less than gods. Milton.

   3.  In  a condition of danger, as from illness; threatened with death.
   [Colloq.] Forby. Bartlett.

   4. Hard to suit; difficult to please. [Obs.]

     My wages ben full strait, and eke full small; My lord to me is hard
     and dangerous. Chaucer.

   5.  Reserved;  not affable. [Obs.] "Of his speech dangerous." Chaucer.
   -- Dan"ger*ous*ly, adv. -- Dan"ger*ous*ness, n.


   Dan"gle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Dangled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dangling
   (?).] [Akin to Dan. dangle, dial. Sw. dangla, Dan. dingle, Sw. dingla,
   Icel. dingla; perh. from E. ding.] To hang loosely, or with a swinging
   or jerking motion.

     he'd  rather  on  a  gibbet  dangle  Than miss his dear delight, to
     wrangle. Hudibras.

     From her lifted hand Dangled a length of ribbon. Tennyson.

   To  dangle  about  OR  after, to hang upon importunately; to court the
   favor of; to beset.

     The  Presbyterians,  and other fanatics that dangle after them, are
     well inclined to pull down the present establishment. Swift.


   Dan"gle  (?),  v.  t.  To  cause  to  dangle;  to  swing, as something
   suspended loosely; as, to dangle the feet.

     And  the  bridegroom  stood  dangling  his bonnet and plume. Sir W.


   Dan"gle*ber`ry  (?),  n. (Bot.) A dark blue, edible berry with a white
   bloom,  and  its  shrub  (Gaylussacia  frondosa) closely allied to the
   common  huckleberry. The bush is also called blue tangle, and is found
   from New England to Kentucky, and southward.


   Dan"gler  (?),  n.  One  who dangles about or after others, especially
   after women; a trifler. " Danglers at toilets." Burke.


   Dan"i*el  (?),  n.  A  Hebrew  prophet  distinguished for sagacity and
   ripeness of judgment in youth; hence, a sagacious and upright judge.

     A Daniel come to judgment. Shak.


   Dan"ish  (?),  a.  [See  Dane.]  Belonging  to  the Danes, or to their
   language  or  country.  --  n.  The  language of the Danes. Danish dog
   (Zo\'94l.),  one  of  a  large  and  powerful  breed of dogs reared in
   Denmark; -- called also great Dane. See Illustration in Appendix.
   Dan"ite (?), n. 

   1. A descendant of Dan; an Israelite of the tribe of Dan. Judges xiii.

   2.  [So  called  in remembrance of the prophecy in Gen. xlix. 17, "Dan
   shall  be  a serpent by the way," etc.] One of a secret association of
   Mormons,  bound  by  an  oath  to  obey the heads of the church in all
   things. [U. S.]


   Dank  (?),  a.  [Cf.  dial,  Sw.  dank a moist place in a field, Icel.
   d\'94kk  pit,  pool; possibly akin to E. damp or to daggle dew.] Damp;
   moist; humid; wet.

     Now that the fields are dank and ways are mire. Milton.

     Cheerless watches on the cold, dank ground. Trench.


   Dank, n. Moisture; humidity; water. [Obs.]


   Dank, n. A small silver coin current in Persia.


   Dank"ish, a. Somewhat dank. -- Dank"ish*ness, n.

     In a dark and dankish vault at home. Shak.


   Dan"ne*brog  (?),  n.  The ancient battle standard of Denmark, bearing
   figures  of  cross  and  crown.  Order of Dannebrog, an ancient Danish
   order of knighthood.


   Dan`seuse"  (?),  n.  [F., fr. danser to dance.] a professional female
   dancer; a woman who dances at a public exhibition as in a ballet.


   Dansk (?), a. [Dan.] Danish. [Obs.]


   Dansk"er (?), n. A Dane. [Obs.]

     Inquire me first what Danskers are in Paris. Shak.


   Dan*te"an  (?),  a. Relatingto, emanating from or resembling, the poet
   Dante or his writings.


   Dan*tesque" (?), a. [Cf. It. Dantesco.] Dantelike; Dantean. Earle.


   Da*nu"bi*an (?), a. Pertainingto, or bordering on, the river Danube.


   Dap  (?),  v.  i.  [Cf. Dip.] (Angling) To drop the bait gently on the
   surface of the water.

     To catch a club by dapping with a grasshoper. Walton.


   Da*pat"ic*al  (?),  a.  [L.  dapaticus,  fr. daps feast.] Sumptuous in
   cheer. [Obs.] Bailey.


   Daph"ne (?), n. [L., a laurel tree, from Gr. .]

   1.  (Bot.)  A  genus  of diminutive Shrubs, mostly evergreen, and with
   fragrant blossoms.

   2. (Myth.) A nymph of Diana, fabled to have been changed into a laurel


   Daph"ne*tin (?), n. (Chem.) A colorless crystalline substance, C9H6O4,
   extracted from daphnin.


   Daph"ni*a (?), n. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of the genus Daphnia.


   Daph"nin  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. daphnine.] (Chem.) (a) A dark green bitter
   resin  extracted  from  the mezereon (Daphne mezereum) and regarded as
   the  essential  principle of the plant. [R.] (b) A white, crystalline,
   bitter  substance,  regarded as a glucoside, and extracted from Daphne
   mezereum and D. alpina.


   Daph"no*man`cy (?), n. [Gr. da`fnh the laurel + -mancy.] Divination by
   means of the laurel.


   Dap"i*fer  (?),  n. [L., daps a feast + ferre to bear.] One who brings
   meat to the table; hence, in some countries, the official title of the
   grand master or steward of the king's or a nobleman's household.


   Dap"per  (?),  a. [OE. daper; prob. fr. D. dapper brave, valiant; akin
   to G. tapfer brave, OHG. taphar heavy, weighty, OSlav. dobr&ucr; good,
   Russ.  dobrui. Cf. Deft.] Little and active; spruce; trim; smart; neat
   in dress or appearance; lively.

     He  wondered  how  so many provinces could be held in subjection by
     such a dapper little man. Milton.

     The dapper ditties that I wont devise. Spenser.

     Sharp-nosed, dapper steam yachts. Julian Hawthorne.


   Dap"per*ling (?), n. A dwarf; a dandiprat. [r.]


   Dap"ple (?), n. [Cf. Icel. depill a spot, a dot, a dog with spots over
   the  eyes,  dapi a pool, and E. dimple.] One of the spots on a dappled

     He has . . . as many eyes on his body as my gray mare hath dapples.
     Sir P. Sidney.

                                Dapple, Dappled

   Dap"ple (?), Dap"pled (?), a. Marked with spots of different shades of
   color; spotted; variegated; as, a dapple horse.

     Some dapple mists still floated along the peaks. Sir W. Scott.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e wo rd is  used in composition to denote that some
     color   is   variegated  or  marked  with  spots;  as,  dapple-bay;

     His steed was all dapple-gray. Chaucer.

     O, swiftly can speed my dapple-gray steed. Sir W. Scott.


   Dap"ple,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Dappled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dappling.]
   To variegate with spots; to spot.

     The  gentle  day, . . . Dapples the drowsy east with spots of gray.

     The dappled pink and blushing rose. Prior.


   Dar"bies (?), n. pl. Manacles; handcuffs. [Cant]

     Jem Clink will fetch you the darbies. Sir W. Scott.

     NOTE: &hand; In  "T he St eel Glass" by Gascoigne, printed in 1576,
     occurs the line "To binde such babes in father Derbies bands."


   Dar"by  (?),  n.  A  plasterer's float, having two handles; -- used in
   smoothing ceilings, etc.


   Dar"by*ite  (?),  n.  One of the Plymouth Brethren, or of a sect among
   them;  --  so  called  from  John  N. Darby, one of the leaders of the


   Dar*da"ni*an  (?),  a.  &  n.[From  L. Dardania, poetic name of Troy.]


   Dare  (?), v. i. [imp. Durst (?) or Dared (; p. p. Dared; p. pr. & vb.
   n. Daring.] [OE. I dar, dear, I dare, imp. dorste, durste, AS. ic dear
   I  dare,  imp.  dorste.  inf.  durran;  akin  to  OS. gidar, gidorsta,
   gidurran,  OHG.  tar,  torsta,  turran, Goth. gadar, gada\'a3rsta, Gr.
   tharsei^n,  tharrei^n,  to  be  bold,  tharsy`s bold, Skr. Dhrsh to be
   bold.  &root;70.]  To  have  adequate  or  sufficient  courage for any
   purpose; to be bold or venturesome; not to be afraid; to venture.

     I  dare  do  all  that may become a man; Who dares do more is none.

     Why  then  did  not  the  ministers use their new law? Bacause they
     durst not, because they could not. Macaulay.

     Who dared to sully her sweet love with suspicion. Thackeray.

     The  tie  of  party  was  stronger than the tie of blood, because a
     partisan was more ready to dare without asking why. Jowett (Thu

     NOTE: &hand; Th e pr esent te nse, I  da re, is  really an old past
     tense,  so  that the third person is he dare, but the form he dares
     is  now  often  used, and will probably displace the obsolescent he
     dare, through grammatically as incorrect as he shalls or he cans.


     The pore dar plede (the poor man dare plead). P. Plowman.

     You know one dare not discover you. Dryden.

     The fellow dares nopt deceide me. Shak.

     Here  boldly  spread thy hands, no venom'd weed Dares blister them,
     no slimly snail dare creep. Beau. & Fl.

     NOTE: &hand; Formerly durst was also used as the present. Sometimes
     the old form dare is found for durst or dared.


   Dare, v. y. [imp. & p. p. Dared; p. pr. & vb. n. Daring.]

   1.  To  have courage for; to attempt courageously; to venture to do or
   to undertake.

     What  high  concentration  of  steady  feeling makes men dare every
     thing and do anything? Bagehot.

     To wrest it from barbarism, to dare its solitudes. The Century.

   2. To challenge; to provoke; to defy.

     Time,  I  dare  thee  to  discover  Such  a youth and such a lover.


   Dare, n.

   1. The quality of daring; venturesomeness; boldness; dash. [R.]

     It lends a luster . . . A large dare to our great enterprise. Shak.

   2. Defiance; challenge.

     Childish,  unworthy  dares  Are  not  enought  to  part our powers.

     Sextus Pompeius Hath given the dare to C\'91sar. Shak.


   Dare,  v.  i.  [OE.  darien, to lie hidden, be timid.] To lurk; to lie
   hid. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Dare, v. t. To terrify; to daunt. [Obs.]

     For  I  have  done those follies, those mad mischiefs, Would dare a
     woman. Beau. & Fl.

   To  dare  larks,  to  catch them by producing terror through to use of
   mirrors,  scarlet  cloth,  a hawk, etc., so that they lie still till a
   net is thrown over them. Nares.


   Dare, n. [See Dace.] (Zo\'94l.) A small fish; the dace.


   Dare"-dev`il  (?),  n.  A  reckless fellow. Also used adjectively; as,
   dare-devil excitement.

     A  humorous  dare-devil  --  the  very  man  To suit my prpose. Ld.


   Dare"-dev`il*try (?), n; pl. Dare-deviltries (. Reckless mischief; the
   action of a dare-devil.


   Dare"ful (?), a. Full af daring or of defiance; adveturous. [R.] Shak.


   Dar"er (?), n. One who dares or defies.

                                 Darg, Dargue

   Darg, Dargue (?), n. [Scot., contr. fr. day work.] A day's work; also,
   a  fixed  amount  of  work,  whether  more or less than that of a day.
   [Local, Eng. & Scott]


   Dar"ic (?), n. [Gr.

   1.  (Antiq.)  (a)  A  gold  coin of ancient Persia, weighing usually a
   little  more than 128 grains, and bearing on one side of the figure of
   an  archer. (b) A silver coin of about 86 grains, having the figure of
   an archer, and hence, in modern times, called a daric.

   2. Any very pure gold coin.


   Dar"ing  (?),  n.  Boldness;  fearlessness;  adventurousness;  also, a
   daring act.


   Dar"ing,  a.  Bold;  fearless;  adventurous;  as,  daring  spirits. --
   Dar"ing*ly, adv. -- Dar"ing*ness, n.


   Dark (?), a. [OE. dark, derk, deork, AS. dearc, deorc; cf. Gael. & Ir.
   dorch, dorcha, dark, black, dusky.]

   1.  Destitute,  or  partially  destitute,  of  light;  not  receiving,
   reflecting,  or radiating light; wholly or partially black, or of some
   deep  shade  of color; not light-colored; as, a dark room; a dark day;
   dark cloth; dark paint; a dark complexion.

     O  dark,  dark,  dark,  amid the blaze of noon, Irrecoverable dark,
     total eclipse Without all hope of day! milton.

     In the dark and silent grave. Sir W. Raleigh.

   2. Not clear to the understanding; not easily

     The dark problems of existence. Shairp.

     What  may  seem  dark  at  the  first, will afterward be found more
     plain. Hooker.

     What's your dark meaning, mouse, of this light word? Shak.

   3.  Destitute  of  knowledge  and  culture;  in  moral or intellectual
   darkness; unrefined; ignorant.

     The  age  wherin he lived was dark, but he Cobld not want light who
     taught the world oto see. Denhan.

     The  tenth century used to be reckoned by medi\'91val historians as
     the darkest part of this intellectual night. Hallam.

   4.   Evincing  blaxk  or  foul  traits  of  character;  vile;  wicked;
   atrocious; as, a dark villain; a dark deed.

     Left him at large to his own dark designs. Milton.

   5. Foreboding evil; gloomy; jealous; suspicious.

     More dark and dark our woes. Shak.

     A  deep  melancholy took possesion of him, and gave a dark tinge to
     all his views of human nature. Macaulay.

     There  is,  in  every true woman-s heart, a spark of heavenly fire,
     which beams and blazes in the dark hour of adversity. W. Irving.

   6. Deprived of sight; blind. [Obs.]

     He  was, I think, at this time quite dark, and so had been for some
     years. Evelyn.

     NOTE: &hand; Da rk is  sometimes used to qualify another adjective;
     as, dark blue, dark green, and sometimes it forms the first part of
     a  compound; as, dark-haired, dark-eyed, dark-colored, dark-seated,

   A  dark  horse,  in  racing  or politics, a horse or a candidate whose
   chances of success are not known, and whose capabilities have not been
   made  the  subject  of general comment or of wagers. [Colloq.] -- Dark
   house,  Dark  room,  a  house  or  room in which madmen were confined.
   [Obs.]  Shak. -- Dark lantern. See Lantern. -- The Dark Ages, a period
   of  stagnation and obscurity in literature and art, lasting, according
   to  Hallam, nearly 1000 years, from about 500 to about 1500 A. D.. See
   Middle  Ages,  under  Middle.  -- The Dark and Bloody Ground, a phrase
   applied  to  the State of Kentucky, and said to be the significance of
   its  name,  in  allusion  to  the  frequent wars that were waged there
   between  Indians.  --  The  dark  day,  a  day  (May  19, 1780) when a
   remarkable  and unexplained darkness extended over all New England. --
   To keep dark, to reveal nothing. [Low]


   Dark (?), n.

   1.  Absence  of  light;  darkness;  obscurity;  a place where there is
   little or no light.

     Here stood he in the dark, his sharp sword out. Shak.

   2. The condition of ignorance; gloom; secrecy.

     Look, what you do, you do it still i' th' dark. Shak.

     Till  we perceive by our own understandings, we are as mucdark, and
     as void of knowledge, as before. Locke.

   3.  (Fine Arts) A dark shade or dark passage in a painting, engraving,
   or the like; as, the light and darks are well contrasted.

     The  lights  may  serve for a repose to the darks, and the darks to
     the lights. Dryden.


   Dark, v. t. To darken to obscure. [Obs.] Milton.


   Dark"en  (?),  v.  t.  [Imp.  &  p.  p.  Darkened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Darkening (?).] [AS. deorcian. See Dark, a.]

   1.  To  make  dark  or  black;  to deprite of light; to obscure; as, a
   darkened room.

     They  [locusts]  covered  the  face of the whole earth, so that the
     land was darkened. Ex. x. 15.

     So spake the Sovran Voice; and clouds began To darken all the hill.

   2. To render dim; to deprive of vision.

     Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see. Rom. xi. 10.

   3.   To   cloud,   obscure,  or  perplex;  to  render  less  clear  or

     Such  was  his  wisdom  that  his  confidence  did seldom darkenhis
     foresight. Bacon.

     Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge? Job.
     xxxviii. 2.

   4. To cast a gloom upon.

     With  these forced thoughts, I prithee, darken not The mirth of the
     feast. Shak.

   5. To make foul; to sully; to tarnish.

     I must not think there are Evils enough to darken all his goodness.


   Dark"en, v. i. To grow or darker.


   Dark"en*er (?), n. One who, or that which, darkens.


   Dark"en*ing, n. Twilight; gloaming. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Wright.


   Dark"ful (?), a. Full of darkness. [Obs.]


   Dark"ish (?), a. Somewhat dark; dusky.


   Dar"kle   (?),   v.  i.  [Freq.  of  dark.]  To  grow  dark;  to  show
   indistinctly. Thackeray.


   Dark"ling  (?), adv. [Dark + the adverbial suffix -ling.] In the dark.

     So, out went the candle, and we were left darkling. Shak.

     As the wakeful bird Sings darkling. Milton.


   Dark"ling, p. pr. & a.

   1. Becoming dark or gloomy; frowing.

     His honest brows darkling as he looked towards me. Thackeray.

   2. Dark; gloomy. "The darkling precipice." Moore.


   Dark"ly, adv.

   1.  With  imperfect  light, clearness, or knowledge; obscurely; dimly;
   blindly; uncertainly.

     What fame to future times conveys but darkly down. Dryden.

     so softly dark and darkly pure. Byron.

   2. With a dark, gloomy, cruel, or menacing look.

     Looking darkly at the clerguman. Hawthorne.


   Dark"ness, n.

   1. The absence of light; blackness; obscurity; gloom.

     And darkness was upon the face of the deep. Gen. i. 2.

   2. A state of privacy; secrecy.

     What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light. Matt. x. 27.

   3.  A  state  of  ignorance or error, especially on moral or religious
   subjects; hence, wickedness; impurity.

     Men  loved  darkness  rather  than  light, because their deeds were
     evil. John. iii. 19.

     Pursue  these  sons  of  darkness: drive them out From all heaven's
     bounds. Milton.

   4.  Want of clearness or perspicuity; obscurity; as, the darkness of a
   subject, or of a discussion.

   5. A state of distress or trouble.

     A day of clouds and of thick darkness. Joel. ii. 2.

   Prince  of  darkness, the Devil; Satan. "In the power of the Prince of
   darkness."   Locke.  Syn.  --  Darkness,  Dimness,  Obscurity,  Gloom.
   Darkness  arises  from  a  total,  and dimness from a partial, want of
   light.  A thing is obscure when so overclouded or covered as not to be
   easily perceived. As tha shade or obscurity increases, it deepens into
   gloom.  What is dark is hidden from view; what is obscure is difficult
   to  perceive  or penetrate; the eye becomes dim with age; an impending
   storm  fills the atmosphere with gloom. When taken figuratively, these
   words  have  a  like  use;  as,  the darkness of ignorance; dimness of
   discernment; obscurity of reasoning; gloom of superstition.
   Dark"some (?), a. Dark; gloomy; obscure; shaded; cheerless. [Poetic] 

     He  brought him through a darksome narrow pass To a broad gate, all
     built of beaten gold. Spenser.


   Dark"y (?), n. A negro. [Sleng]


   Dar"ling  (?),  n.  [OE.  derling, deorling, AS. de\'a2rling; de\'a2re
   dear + -ling. See Dear, and -ling.] One dearly beloved; a favorite.

     And can do naught but wail her darling's loss. Shak.


   Dar"ling,  a.  Dearly  beloved;  regarded  with  especial kindness and
   tenderness; favorite. "Some darling science." I. Watts. "Darling sin."


   Dar`ling*to"ni*a  (?),  n.  [NL. Named after Dr. William Darlington, a
   botanist  of West Chester, Penn.] (Bot.) A genus of California pitcher
   plants  consisting  of  a  single species. The long tubular leaves are
   hooded  at the top, and frequently contain many insects drowned in the
   secretion of the leaves.


   Darn  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Darned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Darning.]
   [OE.  derne,  prob. of Celtic origin; cf. W. darnio to piece, break in
   pieces,  W.  &  Arm. to E. tear. Cf. Tear, v. t.] To mend as a rent or
   hole,  with  interlacing  stitches  of  yarn  or  thread by means of a
   needle; to sew together with yarn or thread.

     He  spent  every  day  ten  hours  in  his  closet,  in darning his
     stockins. Swift.

   Darning  last.  See  under Last. -- Darning needle. (a) A long, strong
   needle  for  mending  holes  or  rents,  especially  in stockings. (b)
   (Zo\'94l.) Any species of dragon fly, having a long, cylindrical body,
   resembling a needle. These flies are harmless and without stings.

     NOTE: [In this sense, usually written with a hyphen.]

   Called also devil's darning-needle.


   Darn, n. A place mended by darning.


   Darn, v. t. A colloquial euphemism for Damn.


   Dar"nel (?), n. [OE. darnel, dernel, of uncertain origin; cf. dial. F.
   darnelle,  Sw.  d\'86r-repe;  perh. named from a supposed intoxicating
   quality  of  the plant, and akin to Sw. d\'86ra to infatuate, OD. door
   foolish,  G.  thor fool, and Ee. dizzy.] (Bot.) Any grass of the genus
   Lolium,  esp.  the  Lolium  temulentum (bearded darnel), the grains of
   which  have  been  reputed poisonous. Other species, as Lolium perenne
   (rye  grass  or  ray  grass), and its variety L. Italicum (Italian rye
   grass), are highly esteemed for pasture and for making hay.

     NOTE: &hand; Un der da rnel ou r ea rly herbalists comprehended all
     kinds of cornfield weeds.

   Dr. Prior.


   Darn"er (?), n. One who mends by darning.

                                Darnex, Darnic

   Dar"nex (?), Dar"nic (?), n. Same as Dornick.


   Da*roo",  n.  (Bot.)  The  Egyptian  sycamore  (Ficus  Sycamorus). See


   Darr (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The European black tern.

                               Darraign, Darrain

   Dar"raign, Dar"rain, (?), v. t. [OF. deraisnier to explain, defend, to
   maintain in legal action by proof and reasonings, LL. derationare; de-
   + rationare to discourse, contend in law, fr. L. ratio reason, in LL.,
   legal cause. Cf. Arraign, and see Reason.]

   1. To make ready to fight; to array. [Obs.]

     Darrain your battle, for they are at hand. Shak.

   2.  To  fight out; to contest; to decide by combat. [Obs.] "To darrain
   the battle." Chaucer .


   Dar"rein,  a. [OF. darrein, darrain, fr. an assumed LL. deretranus; L.
   de  +  retro back, backward.] (Law) Last; as, darrein continuance, the
   last continuance.


   Dart (?), n. [OF. dart, of German origin; cf. OHG. tart javelin, dart,
   AS. dara, daro, Sw. dart dagger, Icel. darra dart.]

   1.  A  pointed  missile  weapon,  intended to be thrown by the hand; a
   short lance; a javelin; hence, any sharp-pointed missile weapon, as an

     And he [Joab] took three darts in his hand, and thrust them through
     the heart of Absalom. 2 Sa. xviii. 14.

   2.  Anything resembling a dart; anything that pierces or wounds like a

     The  artful  inquiry,  whose venomed dart Scarce wounds the hearing
     while it stabs the heart. Hannan More.

   3. A spear set as a prize in running. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   4. (Zo\'94l.) A fish; the dace. See Dace.
   Dart  sac  (Zo\'94l.), a sac connected with the reproductive organs of
   land snails, which contains a dart, or arrowlike structure.


   Dart, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Darted; p. pr. & vb. n. Darting.]

   1. To throw with a sudden effort or thrust, as a dart or other missile
   weapon; to hurl or launch.

   2. To throw suddenly or rapidly; to send forth; to emit; to shoot; as,
   the sun darts forth his beams.

     Or what ill eyes malignant glances dart? Pope.


   Dart, v. i.

   1. To fly or pass swiftly, as a dart.

   2.  To  start  and  run with velocity; to shoot rapidly along; as, the
   deer darted from the thicket.


   Dar"tars  (?),  n.  [F.  dartre  eruption, dandruff. A kind of scab or
   ulceration on the skin of lambs.


   Dart"er (?), n.

   1. One who darts, or who throw darts; that which darts.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  The snakebird, a water bird of the genus Plotus; -- so
   called  because it darts out its long, snakelike neck at its prey. See

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small  fresh-water  etheostomoid  fish.  The  group
   includes  numerous  genera  and  species,  all  of  them American. See


   Dart"ing*ly (?), adv. Like a dart; rapidly.


   Dar"tle  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  To  pierce  or  shoot  through;  to dart
   repeatedly: -- frequentative of dart.

     My star that dartles the red and the blue. R. Browning.


   Dar*to"ic (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the dartos.


   Dar"toid  (?),  a.  [Dartos + -oid.] (Anat.) Like the dartos; dartoic;
   as, dartoid tissue.


   Dar"tos  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  flayed.]  (Anat.)  A thin layer of
   peculiar contractile tissue directly beneath the skin of the scrotum.


   Dar"trous  (?),  a. [F. dartreux. See Dartars.] (Med.) Relating to, or
   partaking  of  the  nature  of,  the  disease called tetter; herpetic.
   Dartroud  diathesis,  A morbid condition of the system predisposing to
   the  development  of certain skin deseases, such as eczema, psoriasis,
   and pityriasis. Also called rheumic diathesis, and hipretism. Piffard.
   Dar*win"i*an  (?),  a.  [From  the  name of Charles Darwin, an English
   scientist.]  Pertaining  to Darwin; as, the Darwinian theory, a theory
   of  the  manner and cause of the supposed development of living things
   from certain original forms or elements.
     NOTE: &hand; T his theory was put forth by Darwin in 1859 in a work
     entitled "The Origin of species by Means of Natural Selection." The
     author argues that, in the struggle for existence, those plants and
     creatures best fitted to the requirements of the situation in which
     they  are  placed are the ones that will live; in other words, that
     Nature  selects  those  which  are  survive.  This is the theory of
     natural  selection  or  the survival of the fillest. He also argues
     that  natural  selection  is  capable  of  modifying  and producing
     organisms  fit  for  their  circumstances.  See Development theory,
     under Development.
   Dar*win"i*an, n. An advocate of Darwinism. 


   Dar*win"i*an*ism (?), n. Darwinism.


   Dar"win*ism  (?),  n.  (Biol.)  The  theory  or doctrines put forth by
   Darwin. See above. Huxley.


   Dase (?), v. t. See Daze. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Dase"we  (?),  v.  i.  [OE.  dasewen,  daswen;  cf. AS. dysegian to be
   foolish.]  To  become  dim-sighted; to become dazed or dazzled. [Obs.]


   Dash  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Dashed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dashing.]
   [Of.  Scand. origin; cf. Dan daske to beat, strike, Sw. & Icel. daska,
   Dan. & Sw. dask blow.]

   1.  To  throw  with violence or haste; to cause to strike violently or
   hastily; -- often used with against.

     If  you dash a stone against a stone in the botton of the water, it
     maketh a sound. Bacon.

   2.  To break, as by throwing or by collision; to shatter; to crust; to
   frustrate; to ruin.

     Thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel. Ps. ii. 9.

     A brave vessel, . . . Dashed all to pieces. Shak.

     To perplex and dash Maturest counsels. Milton.

   3.  To  put  to  shame; to confound; to confuse; to abash; to depress.

     Dash the proud gamesPope.

   4.  To  throw in or on in a rapid, careless manner; to mix, reduce, or
   adulterate,  by  throwing  in  something  of  an  inferior quality; to
   overspread  partially;  to  bespatter; to touch here and there; as, to
   dash wine with water; to dash paint upon a picture.

     I take care to dash the character with such particular circumstance
     as may prevent ill-natured applications. Addison.

     The  very source and fount of day Is dashed with wandering isles of
     night. Tennyson.

   5.  To  form  or  sketch rapidly or carelessly; to execute rapidly, or
   with careless haste; -- with off; as, to dash off a review or sermon.

   6. To erase by a stroke; to strike out; knock out; -- with out; as, to
   dash out a word.


   Dash,  v.  i.  To  rust  with violence; to move impetuously; to strike
   violently; as, the waves dash upon rocks.

     [He] dashed through thick and thin. Dryden.

     On  each  hand  the gushing waters play, And down the rough cascade
     all dashing fall. Thomson.


   Dash, n.

   1. Violent striking together of two bodies; collision; crash.

   2.  A  sudden  check;  abashment;  frustration;  ruin;  as,  his hopes
   received a dash.

   3.   A   slight   admixture,  infusion,  or  adulteration;  a  partial
   overspreading;  as,  wine  with  a  dash  of water; red with a dash of

     Innocence when it has in it a dash of folly. Addison.

   4.  A  rapid  movement,  esp. one of short duration; a quick stroke or
   blow;  a sudden onset or rush; as, a bold dash at the enemy; a dash of

     She takes upon her bravely at first dash. Shak.

   5. Energy in style or action; animation; spirit.

   6.  A vain show; a blustering parade; a flourish; as, to make or cut a
   great dash. [Low]

   7. (Punctuation) A mark or line [--], in writing or printing, denoting
   a sudden break, stop, or transition in a sentence, or an abrupt change
   in  its construction, a long or significant pause, or an unexpected or
   epigrammatic turn of sentiment. Dashes are also sometimes used instead
   of marks or parenthesis. John Wilson.

   8. (Mus.) (a) The sign of staccato, a small mark [. (b) The line drawn
   through  a  figure  in  the thorough bass, as a direction to raise the
   interval a semitone.

   9.  (Racing)  A  short,  spirited effort or trial of speed upon a race
   course;  --  used in horse racing, when a single trial constitutes the


   Dash"board` (?), n.

   1.  A  board  placed  on the fore part of a carriage, sleigh, or other
   vechicle,  to intercept water, mud, or snow, thrown up by the heels of
   the horses; -- in England commonly called splashboard.

   2. (Naut.) (a) The float of a paddle wheel. (b) A screen at the bow af
   a steam launch to keep off the spray; -- called also sprayboard.


   Dash"er (?), n.

   1. That which dashes or agitates; as, the dasher of a churn.

   2. A dashboard or splashboard. [U. S.]

   3. One who makes an ostentatious parade. [Low]


   Dash"ing, a. Bold; spirited; showy.

     The  dashing  and  daring  spirit is preferable to the listless. T.


   Dash"ing*ly, adv. Conspicuously; showily. [Colloq.]

     A dashingly dressed gentleman. Hawthorne.


   Dash"ism  (?),  n.  The character of making ostentatious or blustering
   parade or show. [R. & Colloq.]

     He  must  fight  a  duel  before  his claim to . . . dashism can be
     universally allowed. V. Knox.


   Dash"pot`  (?),  n.  (Mach.)  A  pneumatic  or hydraulic cushion for a
   falling  weight,  as  in  the valve gear of a steam engine, to prevent
   shock. <-- letters refer to illustration -->

     NOTE: &hand; It  consists of a chamber, containing air or a liquid,
     in  which  a piston (a), attached to the weight, falls freely until
     it  enters a space (as below the openings, b) from which the air or
     liquid  can escape but slowly (as through cock c), when its fall is
     gradually checked.

     NOTE: A cataract of an engine is sometimes called a dashpot.


   Dash"y   (?),   a.   [From  Dash.]  Calculated  to  arrest  attention;
   ostentatiously fashionable; showy. [Colloq.]


   Das"tard  (?), n. [Prob. from Icel. d\'91str exhausted. breathless, p.
   p.  of  d\'91sa  to  groan,  lose  one's  breath; cf. dasask to become
   exhausted, and E. daze.] One who meanly shrinks from danger; an arrant
   coward; a poltroon.

     You are all recreants and dashtards, and delight to live in slavery
     to the nobility. Shak.


   Das"tard, a. Meanly shrinking from danger; cowardly; dastardly. "Their
   dastard souls." Addison.


   Das"tard, v. t. To dastardize. [R.] Dryden.


   Das"tard*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dastardized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Dastardizing.]  To  make  cowardly; to intimidate; to dispirit; as, to
   dastardize my courage. Dryden.


   Das"tard*li*ness  (?),  n.  The quality of being dastardly; cowardice;
   base fear.


   Das"tard*ly, a. Meanly timid; cowardly; base; as, a dastardly outrage.


   Das"tard*ness, n. Dastardliness.


   Das"tard*y (?), n. Base timidity; cowardliness.


   Das"we (?), v. i. See Dasewe [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Da*sym"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Gr.  rough,  thick  +  -meter.]  (Physics) An
   instrument  for  testing  the  density  of gases, consisting of a thin
   glass  globe,  which  is  weighed  in the gas or gases, and then in an
   atmosphere of known density.


   Das`y*p\'91"dal (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Dasyp\'91dic.


   Das`y*p\'91"des  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  from  Gr. hairy, shaggy + , , a
   child.]  (Zo\'94l.) Those birds whose young are covered with down when


   Das`y*p\'91"dic  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Pertaining to the Dasyp\'91des;


   Das"y*ure  (?),  n.  [Gr.  thick,  shaggy  +  tail:  cf.  F. dasyure.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  A  carnivorous marsupial quadruped of Australia, belonging
   to the genus Dasyurus. There are several species.


   Das`y*u"rine (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Pertaining to, or like, the dasyures.


   Da"ta (?), n. pl. [L. pl. of datum.] See Datum.


   Dat"a*ble  (?),  a. That may be dated; having a known or ascertainable
   date. "Datable almost to a year." The Century.


   Da*ta"ri*a  (?), n. [LL., fr. L. datum given.] (R. C. Ch.) Formerly, a
   part of the Roman chancery; now, a separate office from which are sent
   graces  or favors, cognizable in foro externo, such as appointments to
   benefices.  The  name  is  derived from the word datum, given or dated
   (with  the  indications  of the time and place of granting the gift or


   Da"ta*ry (?), n. [LL. datarius. See Dataria.]

   1.  (R.  C.  Ch.) An officer in the pope's court, having charge of the

   2. The office or employment of a datary.


   Date,  n.[F.  datte, L. dactylus, fr. Gr. , prob. not the same word as
   finger,  but  of  Semitic  origin.] (Bot.) The fruit of the date palm;
   also, the date palm itself.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is fr uit is  so mewhat in  th e shape of an olive,
     containing  a  soft  pulp,  sweet,  esculent,  and  wholesome,  and
     inclosing a hard kernel.

   Date  palm,  OR Date tree (Bot.), the genus of palms which bear dates,
   of  which common species is Ph\'d2nix dactylifera. See Illust. -- Date
   plum  (Bot.), the fruit of several species of Diospyros, including the
   American  and  Japanese persimmons, and the European lotus (D. Lotus).
   --  Date  shell,  OR  Date  fish  (Zo\'94l.),  a bivalve shell, or its
   inhabitant, of the genus Pholas, and allied genera. See Pholas.

   Page 370


   Date  (?),  n. [F. date, LL. data, fr. L. datus given, p.p. of dare to
   give;  akin  to  Gr. , OSlaw. dati, Skr. d\'be. Cf. Datum, Dose, Dato,

   1.  That  addition  to  a  writing,  inscription,  coin,  etc.,  which
   specifies  the  time  (as  day,  month,  and year) when the writing or
   inscription was given, or executed, or made; as, the date of a letter,
   of a will, of a deed, of a coin. etc.

     And bonds without a date, they say, are void. Dryden.

   2.  The  point of time at which a transaction or event takes place, or
   is appointed to take place; a given point of time; epoch; as, the date
   of a battle.

     He  at  once,  Down  the long series of eventful time, So fixed the
     dates  of being, so disposed To every living soul of every kind The
     field of motion, and the hour of rest. Akenside.

   3. Assigned end; conclusion. [R.]

     What Time would spare, from Steel receives its date. Pope.

   4. Given or assigned length of life; dyration. [Obs.]

     Good luck prolonged hath thy date. Spenser.

   Through his life's whole date. Chapman. To bear date, to have the date
   named on the face of it; -- said of a writing.


   Date,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Dated; p. pr. & vb. n. Dating.] [Cf. F.
   dater. See 2d Date.]

   1.  To  note  the  time  of  writing  or  executing;  to express in an
   instrument  the time of its execution; as, to date a letter, a bond, a
   deed, or a charter.

   2.  To  note  or fix the time of, as of an event; to give the date of;
   as, to date the building of the pyramids.

     NOTE: &hand; We may say dated at or from a place.

     The letter is dated at Philadephia. G. T. Curtis.

     You  will  be  suprised,  I  don't  question,  to  find  among your
     correspondencies  in  foreign  parts,  a  letter  dated from Blois.

     In the countries of his jornal seems to have been written; parts of
     it are dated from them. M. Arnold.


   Date,  v.  i. To have beginning; to begin; to be dated or reckoned; --
   with from.

     The  Batavian republic dates from the successes of the French arms.
     E. Everett.


   Date"less, a. Without date; having no fixed time.


   Dat"er (?), n. One who dates.


   Da*tis"cin  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A white crystalline glucoside extracted
   from the bastard hemp (Datisca cannabina).


   Da"tive  (?),  a. [L. dativus appropriate to giving, fr. dare to give.
   See 2d Date.]

   1.  (Gram.)  Noting  the  case  of  a noun which expresses the remoter
   object,  and  is  generally indicated in English by to or for with the

   2.  (Law)  (a) In one's gift; capable of being disposed of at will and
   pleasure,   as   an  office.  (b)  Removable,  as  distinguished  from
   perpetual;  --  said  of  an  officer.  (c)  Given by a magistrate, as
   distinguished  from  being  cast  upon  a  party  by  the law. Burril.
   Dative  executor,  one  appointed  by the judge of probate, his office
   answering to that of an administrator.


   Da"tive, n. [L. dativus.] The dative case. See Dative, a.,



   Da"tive*ly, adv. As a gift. [R.]


   Dat"o*lite  (?),  n.  [From. Gr. to divide + -lite; in allusion to the
   granular  structure  of  a  massive variety.] (Min.) A borosilicate of
   lime  commonly  occuring  in glassy,, greenish crystals. [Written also


   Da"tum (?), n.; pl. Data (#). [L. See 2d Date.]

   1. Something given or admitted; a fact or principle granted; that upon
   which  an  inference  or  an argument is based; -- used chiefly in the

     Any  writer, therefore, who . . . furnishes us with data sufficient
     to determine the time in which he wrote. Priestley.

   2.  pl.  (Math.)  The  quantities or relations which are assumed to be
   given in any problem.
   Datum  line  (Surv.),  the  horizontal  or  base  line, from which the
   heights  of  points  are  reckoned  or  measured,  as in the plan of a
   railway, etc.


   Da*tu"ra  (?), n. [NL.; cf. Skr. dhatt, Per. & Ar. tat, Tat.] (Bot.) A
   genus  of  solanaceous  plants, with large funnel-shaped flowers and a
   four-celled, capsular fruit.

     NOTE: &hand; Th  e co mmonest sp ecies ar e th e th orn ap ple (D .
     stramonium), with a prickly capsule (see Illust. of capsule), white
     flowers and green stem, and D. tatula, with a purplish tinge of the
     stem and flowers. Both are narcotic and dangerously poisonous.


   Da*tu"rine  (?),  n.  [From  Datura.] (Chem.) Atropine; -- called also
   daturia and daturina.


   Daub  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Daubed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Daubing.]
   [OE.  dauben  to  smear,  OF.  dauber  to  plaster, fr. L. dealbare to
   whitewash,  plaster;  de-  +  albare to whiten, fr. albus white, perh.
   also  confused with W. dwb plaster, dwbio to plaster, Ir. & OGael. dob
   plaster. See Alb, and cf. Dealbate.]

   1. To smear with soft, adhesive matter, as pitch, slime, mud, etc.; to
   plaster; to bedaub; to besmear.

     She  took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and
     with pitch. Ex. ii. 3.

   2. To paint in a coarse or unskillful manner.

     If  a  picture  is  daubed with many bright and glaring colors, the
     vulgar admire it is an excellent piece. I. Watts.

     A lame, imperfect piece, rudely daubed over. Dryden.

   3.  To  cover  with  a specious or deceitful exterior; to disguise; to

     So smooth he daubed his vice with show of virtue. Shak.

   4. To flatter excessively or glossy. [R.]

     I  can  safely say, however, that, without any daubing at all, I am
     very sincerely your very affectionate, humble servant. Smollett.

   5. To put on without taste; to deck gaudily. [R.]

     Let him be daubed with lace. Dryden.


   Daub (?), v. i. To smear; to play the flatterer.

     His conscience . . . will not daub nor flatter. South.


   Daub, n.

   1. A viscous, sticky application; a spot smeared or dabed; a smear.

   2. (Paint.) A picture coarsely executed.

     Did  you  .  .  .  take  a look at the grand picture? . . . 'T is a
     melancholy daub, my lord. Sterne.


   Daub"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who,  or  that which, daubs; especially, a coarse, unskillful

   2.  (Copperplate  Print.)  A  pad  or  ball of rags, covered over with
   canvas, for inking plates; a dabber.

   3. A low and gross flattere.

   4. (Zo\'94l.) The mud wasp; the mud dauber.

                              Daubery, OR Daubry

   Daub"er*y  (?), OR Daub"ry (?), n. A daubing; specious coloring; false

     She  works by charms, by spells, by the figure, and such daubery as
     this is. Shak.


   Daub"ing, n.

   1. The act of one who daubs; that which is daubed.

   2. A rough coat of mortar put upon a wall to give it the appearance of
   stone; rough-cast.

   3.  In currying, a mixture of fish oil and tallow worked into leather;
   -- called also dubbing. Knight.


   Dau"bree*lite (?), n. [From Daubr\'82e, a French mineralogist.] (Min.)
   A sulphide of chromium observed in some meteoric irons.


   Daub"y (?), a. Smeary; viscous; glutinous; adhesive. "Dauby wax."


   Daugh"ter  (?),  n.;  pl.  Daughters (#); obs. pl. Daughtren (#). [OE.
   doughter,  doghter, dohter, AS. dohtor, dohter; akin to OS. dohtar, D.
   dochter,  G.  tochter, Icel. d, Sw. dotter, Dan. dotter, datter, Goth.
   da\'a3htar,,  OSlav.  d,  Russ.  doche, Lith. dukt, Gr. , Zendughdhar,
   Skr.  duhit;  possibly  originally,  the milker, cf. Skr. duh to milk.
   &root;68, 245.]

   1.  The  female  offspring of the human species; a female child of any
   age; -- applied also to the lower animals.

   2. A female descendant; a woman.

     This woman, being a daughter of Abraham. Luke xiii. 16.

     Dinah, the daughter of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob, went out to
     see the daughter of the land. Gen. xxxiv. 1.

   3. A son's wife; a daughter-in-law.

     And Naomi said, Turn again, my daughters. Ruth. i. 11.

   4. A term of adress indicating parental interest.

     Daughter, be of good comfort. Matt. ix. 22.

   Daughter  cell  (Biol.), one of the cells formed by cell division. See
   Cell division, under Division.


   Daugh"ter-in-law`  (?),  n.;  pl.  Daughters-in-law. The wife of one's


   Daugh"ter*li*ness  (?),  n.  The  state  of a daughter, or the conduct
   becoming a daughter.


   Daugh"ter*ly, a. Becoming a daughter; filial.

     Sir  Thomas liked her natural and dear daughterly affection towards
     him. Cavendish.


   Dauk (?), v. t. See Dawk, v. t., to cut or gush.


   Daun (?), n. A variant of Dan, a title of honor. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Daunt  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Daunted; p. pr. & vb. n. Daunting.]
   [OF.  danter,  F. dompter to tame, subdue, fr. L. domitare, v. intens.
   of domare to tame. See Tame.]

   1. To overcome; to conquer. [Obs.]

   2. To repress or subdue the courage of; to check by fear of danger; to
   cow; to intimidate; to dishearten.

     Some presences daunt and discourage us. Glanvill.

   Syn. -- To dismay; appall. See Dismay.


   Daunt"er (?), n. One who daunts.


   Daunt"less,  a. Incapable of being daunted; undaunted; bold; fearless;

     Dauntless he rose, and to the fight returned. Dryden.

   -- Daunt"less*ly, adv. -- Daunt"less*ness, n.


   Dau"phin (?), n. [F. dauphin, prop., a dolphin, from L. delphinus. See
   Dolphin.  The  name  was given, for some reason unexplained, to Guigo,
   count  of  Vienne,  in  the  12th century, and was borne by succeeding
   counts  of  Vienne.  In  1349,  Dauphiny was bequeathed to Philippe de
   Valois, king of France, on condition that the heir of the crown should
   always hold the title of Dauphin de Viennois.] The title of the eldest
   son of the king of France, and heir to the crown. Since the revolution
   of 1830, the title has been discontinued.

                            Dauphiness, OR Dauphine

   Dau"phin*ess  (?),  OR  Dau"phine (?), n. The title of the wife of the


   Dauw  (?), n. [D.] (Zo\'94l.) The striped quagga, or Burchell's zebra,
   of South Africa (Asinus Burchellii); -- called also peechi, or peetsi.


   Dav"en*port  (?),  n.  [From  the  name  of the original maker. Encyc.
   Dict.]  A  kind of small writing table, generally somewhat ornamental,
   and forming a piece of furniture for the parlor or boudoir.

     A  much  battered  davenport  in one of the windows, at which sat a
     lady writing. A. B. Edwards.


   Da*vid"ic  (?), a. Of or pertaining to David, the king and psalmist of
   Israel, or to his family.


   Dav"it  (?), n. [Cf. F. davier forceps, davit, cooper's instrument, G.
   david  davit;  all probably from the proper name David.] (Naut.) (a) A
   spar  formerly  used on board of ships, as a crane to hoist the flukes
   of the anchor to the top of the bow, without injuring the sides of the
   ship;  -- called also the fish davit. (b) pl. Curved arms of timber or
   iron,  projecting  over a ship's side of stern, having tackle to raise
   or  lower  a boat, swing it in on deck, rig it out for lowering, etc.;
   -- called also boat davits. Totten.

                                  Davy Jones

   Da"vy  Jones" (?). The spirit of the sea; sea devil; -- a term used by

     This same Davy Jones, according to the mythology of sailors, is the
     fiend  that  presides over all the evil spirits of the deep, and is
     seen in various shapes warning the devoted wretch of death and woe.

   Davy  Jones's  Locker,  the  ocean, or bottom of the ocean. -- Gone to
   Davy Jones's Locker, dead, and buried in the sea; thrown overboard.

                                   Davy lamp

   Da"vy lamp` (?). See Safety lamp, under Lamp.


   Da"vyne  (?),  n.  [See  Davyum.]  (Min.)  A variety of nephelite from


   Da"vy*um  (?), n. [Named after Sir Humphry Davy, the English chemist.]
   (Chem.)  A  rare metallic element found in platinum ore. It is a white
   malleable  substance.  Symbol  Da. Atomic weight 154.<-- ? Europium is
   152(the closest)? -->


   Daw  (?), n. [OE. dawe; akin to OHG. t\'beha, MHG. t\'behe, t\'behele,
   G.  dohle.  Cf. Caddow.] (Zo\'94l.) A European bird of the Crow family
   (Corvus  monedula),  often  nesting  in  church  towers  and  ruins; a

     The loud daw, his throat displaying, draw The whole assembly of his
     fellow daws. Waller.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e daw was reckoned as a silly bird, and a daw meant
     a  simpleton.  See in Shakespeare: -- "Then thou dwellest with daws
     too." (Coriolanus iv. 5, 1. 47.) Skeat.


   Daw, v. i. [OE. dawen. See Dawn.] To dawn. [Obs.] See Dawn.


   Daw, v. t. [Contr. fr. Adaw.]

   1. To rouse. [Obs.]

   2. To daunt; to terrify. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Daw"dle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Dawdled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dawdling
   (?).]  [Cf.  Daddle.] To waste time in trifling employment; to trifle;
   to saunter.

     Come some evening and dawdle over a dish of tea with me. Johnson.

     We . . . dawdle up and down Pall Mall. Thackeray.


   Daw"dle,  v.  t.  To  waste  by  trifling;  as, to dawdle away a whole


   Daw"dle, n. A dawdler. Colman & Carrick.


   Daw"dler  (?),  n.  One  who  wastes  time in trifling employments; an
   idler; a trifler.


   Dawe (?), n. [See Day.] Day. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Daw"ish (?), a. Like a daw.


   Dawk (?), n. See Dak.


   Dawk,  v. t. [Prov. E. dauk to cut or pierce with a jerk; cf. OE. dalk
   a  dimple.  Cf. Ir. tolch, tollachd, tolladh, a hole, crevice, toll to
   bore,  pierce,  W.  tyllu.]  To cut or mark with an incision; to gash.


   Dawk, n. A hollow, crack, or cut, in timber. Moxon.


   Dawn  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Dawned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dawning.]
   [OE.  dawnen,  dawen, dagen, daien, AS. dagian to become day, to dawn,
   fr.  d\'91g  day;  akin to D. dagen, G. tagen, Icel. daga, Dan. dages,
   Sw. dagas. See Day.

   1.  To begin to grow light in the morning; to grow light; to break, or
   begin to appear; as, the day dawns; the morning dawns.

     In the end of the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day
     of  the week, came Mary Magdalene . . . to see the sepulcher. Matt.
     xxviii. 1.

   2.  To  began  to  give  promise; to begin to appear or to expand. "In
   dawning youth." Dryden.

     When life awakes, and dawns at every line. Pope.

     Dawn on our darkness and lend us thine aid. Heber,


   Dawn, n.

   1.  The  break  of day; the first appeareance of light in the morning;
   show of approaching sunrise.

     And oft at dawn, deep noon, or falling eve. Thomson.

     No sun, no moon, no morn, no noon, No dawn, no dusk, no proper time
     of day. Hood.

   2. First opening or expansion; first appearance; beginning; rise. "The
   dawn of time." Thomson.

     These  tender  circumstances  diffuse  a  dawn of serenity over the
     soul. Pope.


   Daw"son*ite  (?),  n. [Named after J. W. Dawson of Montreal.] (Min.) A
   hydrous  carbonate  of  alumina  and  soda,  occuring in white, bladed


   Day  (?), n. [OE. day, dai,, dei, AS. d\'91g; akin to OS., D., Dan., &
   Sw. dag, G, tag, Icel. dagr, Goth. dags; cf. Skr. dah (for dhagh ?) to
   burn. \'fb69. Cf. Dawn.]

   1.  The time of light, or interval between one night and the next; the
   time  between sunrise and sunset, or from dawn to darkness; hence, the
   light; sunshine.

   2.  The  period  of  the earth's revolution on its axis. -- ordinarily
   divided into twenty-four hours. It is measured by the interval between
   two  successive  transits  of a celestial body over the same meridian,
   and  takes a specific name from that of the body. Thus, if this is the
   sun,  the  day  (the  interval  between two successive transits of the
   sun's center over the same meridian) is called a solar day; if it is a
   star,  a  sidereal day; if it is the moon, a lunar day. See Civil day,
   Sidereal day, below.

   3.  Those  hours,  or the daily recurring period, allotted by usage or
   law for work.

   4.  A specified time or period; time, considered with reference to the
   existence or prominence of a person or thing; age; time.

     A  man who was great among the Hellenes of his day. Jowett (Thucyd.

     If my debtors do not keep their day, . . . I must with patience all
     the terms attend. Dryden.

   5.  (Preceded  by the) Some day in particular, as some day of contest,
   some anniversary, etc.

     The  field  of  Agincourt, Fought on the day of Crispin Crispianus.

     His name struck fear, his conduct won the day. Roscommon.

     NOTE: &hand; Da y is  mu ch us ed in self-explaining compounds; as,
     daybreak, daylight, workday, etc.

   Page 371

   Anniversary  day.  See  Anniversary,  n. -- Astronomical day, a period
   equal  to  the  mean  solar  day,  but beginning at noon instead of at
   midnight, its twenty-four hours being numbered from 1 to 24; also, the
   sidereal  day,  as  that  most  used by astronomers. -- Born days. See
   under  Born.  --  Canicular  days. See Dog day. -- Civil day, the mean
   solar  day,  used  in  the  ordinary reckoning of time, and among most
   modern  nations  beginning  at  mean  midnight;  its hours are usually
   numbered  in  two  series,  each  from  1  to  12.  This is the period
   recognized  by  courts  as  constituting  a  day.  The Babylonians and
   Hindoos  began their day at sunrise, the Athenians and Jews at sunset,
   the ancient Egyptians and Romans at midnight. -- Day blindness. (Med.)
   See  Nyctalopia.  --  Day  by day, OR Day after day, daily; every day;
   continually;  without intermission of a day. See under By. "Day by day
   we  magnify  thee." Book of Common Prayer. -- Days in bank (Eng. Law),
   certain  stated  days  for  the  return of writs and the appearance of
   parties;  --  so  called  because  originally peculiar to the Court of
   Common  Bench,  or Bench (bank) as it was formerly termed. Burrill. --
   Day  in  court, a day for the appearance of parties in a suit. -- Days
   of devotion (R. C. Ch.), certain festivals on which devotion leads the
   faithful to attend mass. Shipley. -- Days of grace. See Grace. -- Days
   of  obligation (R. C. Ch.), festival days when it is obligatory on the
   faithful  to attend Mass. Shipley. -- Day owl, (Zo\'94l.), an owl that
   flies  by day. See Hawk owl. -- Day rule (Eng. Law), an order of court
   (now  abolished)  allowing a prisoner, under certain circumstances, to
   go beyond the prison limits for a single day. -- Day school, one which
   the  pupils  attend  only  in  daytime, in distinction from a boarding
   school.  --  Day sight. (Med.) See Hemeralopia. -- Day's work (Naut.),
   the  account  or  reckoning  of a ship's course for twenty-four hours,
   from  noon  to noon. -- From day to day, as time passes; in the course
   of  time;  as,  he  improves  from day to day. -- Jewish day, the time
   between  sunset  and  sunset. -- Mean solar day (Astron.), the mean or
   average of all the apparent solar days of the year. -- One day, One of
   these days, at an uncertain time, usually of the future, rarely of the
   past;  sooner or later. "Well, niece, I hope to see you one day fitted
   with  a  husband." Shak. -- Only from day to day, without certainty of
   continuance; temporarily. Bacon. -- Sidereal day, the interval between
   two  successive  transits  of  the  first point of Aries over the same
   meridian.  The Sidereal day is 23 h. 56 m. 4.09 s. of mean solar time.
   --  To  win the day, to gain the victory, to be successful. S. Butler.
   --  Week  day,  any  day  of the week except Sunday; a working day. --
   Working  day.  (a) A day when work may be legally done, in distinction
   from  Sundays  and legal holidays. (b) The number of hours, determined
   by  law or custom, during which a workman, hired at a stated price per
   day, must work to be entitled to a day's pay.


   Day"aks (?), n. pl. (Ethnol.) See Dyaks.


   Day"book (?), n. A journal of accounts; a primary record book in which
   are  recorded  the debts and credits, or accounts of the day, in their
   order, and from which they are transferred to the journal.


   Day"break`  (?),  n.  The time of the first appearance of light in the


   Day"-coal`  (?), n. (Mining) The upper stratum of coal, as nearest the
   light or surface.


   Day"dream`  (?),  n.  A vain fancy speculation; a reverie; a castle in
   the air; unfounded hope.

     Mrs. Lambert's little daydream was over. Thackeray.


   Day"dream`er (?), n. One given to draydreams.


   Day"flow`er  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  genus  consisting mostly of tropical
   perennial herbs (Commelina), having ephemeral flowers.


   Day"fly`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  neuropterous  insect  of  the genus
   Ephemera  and  related  genera,  of many species, and inhabiting fresh
   water  in the larval state; the ephemeral fly; -- so called because it
   commonly lives but one day in the winged or adult state. See Ephemeral
   fly,   under   Ephemeral.<--   the   Mayfly?   =  ephemerid  of  order
   ephemeroptera -->


   Day"-la`bor (?), n. Labor hired or performed by the day. Milton.


   Day"-la`bor*er (?), n. One who works by the day; -- usually applied to
   a  farm  laborer,  or to a workman who does not work at any particular
   trade. Goldsmith.


   Day"light` (?), n.

   1.  The light of day as opposed to the darkness of night; the light of
   the sun, as opposed to that of the moon or to artificial light.

   2. pl. The eyes. [Prov. Eng.] Wright.

                                   Day lily

   Day"  lil`y  (?).  (Bot.) (a) A genus of plants (Hemerocallis) closely
   resembling  true  lilies,  but  having  tuberous rootstocks instead of
   bulbs. The common species have long narrow leaves and either yellow or
   tawny-orange  flowers.  (b)  A genus of plants (Funkia) differing from
   the  last  in  having  ovate  veiny  leaves,  and  large white or blue


   Day"maid` (?), n. A dairymaid. [Obs.]


   Day"mare` (?), n. [Day + mare incubus.] (Med.) A kind of incubus which
   occurs  during  wakefulness,  attended by the peculiar pressure on the
   chest which characterizes nightmare. Dunglison.


   Day"-net` (?), n. A net for catching small birds.


   Day"-peep` (?), n. The dawn. [Poetic] Milton.


   Days"man  (?),  n.  [From day in the sense of day fixed for trial.] An
   umpire or arbiter; a mediator.

     Neither is there any daysman betwixt us. Job ix. 33.


   Day"spring  (?),  n.  The beginning of the day, or first appearance of
   light; the dawn; hence, the beginning. Milton.

     The  tender  mercy  of  our God; whereby the dayspring from on high
     hath visited us. Luke i. 78.


   Day"-star` (?), n.

   1. The morning star; the star which ushers in the day.

     A  dark  place,  until the day dawn, and the day-star arise in your
     hearts. 2 Peter i. 19.

   2. The sun, as the orb of day. [Poetic]

     So  sinks  the  day-star in the ocean bed, And yet anon repairs his
     drooping  head,  And  tricks  his  beams, and with new-spangled ore
     Flames in the forehead of the morning sky. Milton.


   Day"time`  (?),  n.  The  time  during  which  there  is  daylight, as
   distinguished from the night.


   Day"wom`an (?), n. A dairymaid. [Obs.]


   Daze (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dazed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dazing.] [OE.
   dasen,  prob. from Icel. dasask to become weary, a reflexive verb; cf.
   Sw.  dasa  to  lie  idle,  and OD. daesen to be foolish, insane, daes,
   dwaes, D. dwaas, foolish, insane, AS. dw, dysig, stupid. Dizzy, Doze.]
   To stupefy with excess of light; with a blow, with cold, or with fear;
   to confuse; to benumb.

     While flashing beams do daze his feeble eyen. Spenser.

     Such souls, Whose sudden visitations daze the world. Sir H. Taylor.

     He  comes out of the room in a dazed state, that is an odd though a
     sufficient substitute for interest. Dickens.


   Daze, n.

   1. The state of being dazed; as, he was in a daze. [Colloq.]

   2. (Mining) A glittering stone.


   Daz"zle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dazzled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dazzling
   (?).] [Freq. of daze.]

   1.  To  overpower with light; to confuse the sight of by brilliance of

     Those heavenly shapes Will dazzle now the earthly, with their blaze
     Insufferably bright. Milton.

     An  unreflected light did never yet Dazzle the vision feminine. Sir
     H. Taylor.

   2.  To  bewilder  or  surprise with brilliancy or display of any kind.
   "Dazzled and drove back his enemies." Shak.


   Daz"zle, v. i.

   1.  To  be overpoweringly or intensely bright; to excite admiration by

     Ah, friend! to dazzle, let the vain design. Pope.

   2. To be overpowered by light; to be confused by excess of brightness.

     An overlight maketh the eyes dazzle. Bacon.

     I  dare  not trust these eyes; They dance in mists, and dazzle with
     surprise. Dryden.


   Daz"zle, n. A light of dazzling brilliancy.


   Daz"zle*ment (?), n. Dazzling flash, glare, or burst of light. Donne.


   Daz"zling*ly (?), adv. In a dazzling manner.


   De-  (?).  A  prefix  from  Latin  de  down, from, away; as in debark,
   decline,  decease,  deduct,  decamp.  In  words  from the French it is
   equivalent to Latin dis- apart, away; or sometimes to de. Cf. Dis-. It
   is  negative  and  opposite  in  derange,  deform, destroy, etc. It is
   intensive in deprave, despoil, declare, desolate, etc.


   Dea"con  (?),  n.  [OE.  diakne, deakne, deken, AS. diacon, deacon, L.
   diaconus, fr. Gr. dean.]

   1.  (Eccl.)  An  officer  in  Christian  churches appointed to perform
   certain  subordinate  duties  varying  in different communions. In the
   Roman Catholic and Episcopal churches, a person admitted to the lowest
   order  in  the  ministry,  subordinate  to the bishops and priests. In
   Presbyterian  churches,  he is subordinate to the minister and elders,
   and  has charge of certain duties connected with the communion service
   and   the  care  of  the  poor.  In  Congregational  churches,  he  is
   subordinate  to  the  pastor,  and  has  duties as in the Presbyterian

   2. The chairman of an incorporated company. [Scot.]


   Dea"con (?), v. t. To read aloud each line of (a psalm or hymn) before
   singing it, -- usually with off. [Colloq. New. Eng.] See Line, v. t.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e expression is derived from a former custom in the
     Congregational  churches  of New England. It was part of the office
     of  a deacon to read aloud the psalm given out, one line at a time,
     the  congregation  singing  each  line  as soon as read; -- called,
     also, lining out the psalm.


   Dea"con*ess  (?),  n. (Eccl.) A female deacon; as: (a) (Primitive Ch.)
   One  of an order of women whose duties resembled those of deacons. (b)
   (Ch. of Eng. and Prot. Epis. Ch.) A woman set apart for church work by
   a  bishop. (c) A woman chosen as a helper in church work, as among the


   Dea"con*hood  (?), n. The state of being a deacon; office of a deacon;


   Dea"con*ry (?), n. See Deaconship.


   Dea"con*ship, n. The office or ministry of a deacon or deaconess.


   Dead  (?),  a.  [OE.  ded,  dead, deed, AS. de\'a0d; akin to OS. d, D.
   dood,  G.  todt, tot, Icel. dau, Sw. & Dan. d\'94d, Goth. daubs; prop.
   p. p. of an old verb meaning to die. See Die, and cf. Death.]

   1.  Deprived  of life; -- opposed to alive and living; reduced to that
   state  of  a  being  in  which  the  organs  of  motion  and life have
   irrevocably ceased to perform their functions; as, a dead tree; a dead
   man. "The queen, my lord, is dead." Shak.

     The crew, all except himself, were dead of hunger. Arbuthnot.

     Seek him with candle, bring him dead or living. Shak.

   2. Destitute of life; inanimate; as, dead matter.

   3.  Resembling  death  in appearance or quality; without show of life;
   deathlike; as, a dead sleep.

   4.  Still  as  death;  motionless; inactive; useless; as, dead calm; a
   dead load or weight.

   5.  So  constructed  as  not  to transmit sound; soundless; as, a dead

   6.  Unproductive;  bringing  no  gain; unprofitable; as, dead capital;
   dead stock in trade.

   7.  Lacking  spirit;  dull;  lusterless; cheerless; as, dead eye; dead
   fire; dead color, etc.

   8. Monotonous or unvaried; as, a dead level or pain; a dead wall. "The
   ground is a dead flat." C. Reade.

   9.  Sure  as death; unerring; fixed; complete; as, a dead shot; a dead

     I had them a dead bargain. Goldsmith.

   10. Bringing death; deadly. Shak.

   11.  Wanting  in  religious  spirit and vitality; as, dead faith; dead
   works. "Dead in trespasses." Eph. ii. 1.

   12.  (Paint.)  (a)  Flat; without gloss; -- said of painting which has
   been  applied  purposely  to  have this effect. (b) Not brilliant; not
   rich; thus, brown is a dead color, as compared with crimson.

   13.  (Law) Cut off from the rights of a citizen; deprived of the power
   of  enjoying  the  rights  of property; as, one banished or becoming a
   monk is civilly dead.

   14.  (Mach.)  Not imparting motion or power; as, the dead spindle of a
   lathe, etc. See Spindle.
   Dead  ahead  (Naut.), directly ahead; -- said of a ship or any object,
   esp.  of  the  wind when blowing from that point toward which a vessel
   would  go.  --  Dead  angle (Mil.), an angle or space which can not be
   seen or defended from behind the parapet. -- Dead block, either of two
   wooden  or iron blocks intended to serve instead of buffers at the end
   of  a  freight  car.  --  Dead  calm  (Naut.), no wind at all. -- Dead
   center,  OR Dead point (Mach.), either of two points in the orbit of a
   crank,  at  which the crank and connecting rod lie a straight line. It
   corresponds  to  the  end of a stroke; as, A and B are dead centers of
   the  crank mechanism in which the crank C drives, or is driven by, the
   lever  L.  -- Dead color (Paint.), a color which has no gloss upon it.
   --  Dead  coloring  (Oil paint.), the layer of colors, the preparation
   for  what  is  to  follow.  In  modern  painting  this  is  usually in
   monochrome. -- Dead door (Shipbuilding), a storm shutter fitted to the
   outside  of the quarter-gallery door. -- Dead flat (Naut.), the widest
   or midship frame. -- Dead freight (Mar. Law), a sum of money paid by a
   person who charters a whole vessel but fails to make out a full cargo.
   The  payment  is  made  for  the  unoccupied capacity. Abbott. -- Dead
   ground  (Mining),  the  portion of a vein in which there is no ore. --
   Dead  hand, a hand that can not alienate, as of a person civilly dead.
   "Serfs held in dead hand." Morley. See Mortmain. -- Dead head (Naut.),
   a  rough block of wood used as an anchor buoy. -- Dead heat, a heat or
   course  between  two  or  more race horses, boats, etc., in which they
   come  out  exactly  equal,  so  that  neither  wins. -- Dead horse, an
   expression  applied to a debt for wages paid in advance. [Law] -- Dead
   language,  a  language which is no longer spoken or in common use by a
   people,  and  is  known  only  in  writings, as the Hebrew, Greek, and
   Latin.  --  Dead letter. (a) A letter which, after lying for a certain
   fixed  time  uncalled for at the post office to which it was directed,
   is  then  sent to the general post office to be opened. (b) That which
   has lost its force or authority; as, the law has become a dead letter.
   --  Dead-letter  office, a department of the general post office where
   dead  letters  are  examined  and  disposed  of. -- Dead level, a term
   applied  to  a  flat  country.  --  Dead  lift, a direct lift, without
   assistance  from  mechanical advantage, as from levers, pulleys, etc.;
   hence,  an  extreme  emergency. "(As we say) at a dead lift." Robynson
   (More's  Utopia). -- Dead line (Mil.), a line drawn within or around a
   military prison, to cross which involves for a prisoner the penalty of
   being  instantly  shot.  --  Dead  load  (Civil  Engin.),  a constant,
   motionless  load,  as the weight of a structure, in distinction from a
   moving  load,  as a train of cars, or a variable pressure, as of wind.
   -- Dead march (Mus.), a piece of solemn music intended to be played as
   an  accompaniment  to  a  funeral procession. -- Dead nettle (Bot.), a
   harmless  plant  with leaves like a nettle (Lamium album). -- Dead oil
   (Chem.),  the  heavy oil obtained in the distillation of coal tar, and
   containing  phenol,  naphthalus,  etc.  -- Dead plate (Mach.), a solid
   covering  over  a part of a fire grate, to prevent the entrance of air
   through  that  part. -- Dead pledge, a mortgage. See Mortgage. -- Dead
   point.  (Mach.) See Dead center. -- Dead reckoning (Naut.), the method
   of  determining  the place of a ship from a record kept of the courses
   sailed  as  given  by compass, and the distance made on each course as
   found  by  log,  with  allowance  for leeway, etc., without the aid of
   celestial  observations. -- Dead rise, the transverse upward curvature
   of  a  vessel's floor. -- Dead rising, an elliptical line drawn on the
   sheer  plan  to  determine  the sweep of the floorheads throughout the
   ship's  length.  --  Dead-Sea apple. See under Apple. -- Dead set. See
   under  Set. -- Dead shot. (a) An unerring marksman. (b) A shot certain
   to  be made. -- Dead smooth, the finest cut made; -- said of files. --
   Dead wall (Arch.), a blank wall unbroken by windows or other openings.
   --  Dead water (Naut.), the eddy water closing in under a ship's stern
   when  sailing.  --  Dead  weight.  (a)  A  heavy or oppressive burden.
   Dryden.  (b)  (Shipping)  A  ship's  lading, when it consists of heavy
   goods;  or,  the  heaviest  part of a ship's cargo. (c) (Railroad) The
   weight  of  rolling  stock, the live weight being the load. Knight. --
   Dead  wind  (Naut.),  a  wind directly ahead, or opposed to the ship's
   course. -- To be dead, to die. [Obs.]

     I deme thee, thou must algate be dead. Chaucer.

   Syn. -- Inanimate; deceased; extinct. See Lifeless.


   Dead  (?),  adv.  To  a  degree  resembling death; to the last degree;
   completely; wholly. [Colloq.]

     I was tired of reading, and dead sleepy. Dickens.

   Dead drunk, so drunk as to be unconscious.


   Dead (?), n.

   1. The most quiet or deathlike time; the period of profoundest repose,
   inertness, or gloom; as, the dead of winter.

     When the drum beat at dead of night. Campbell.

   2. One who is dead; -- commonly used collectively.

     And Abraham stood up from before his dead. Gen. xxiii. 3.


   Dead,  v.  t.  To  make dead; to deaden; to deprive of life, force, or
   vigor. [Obs.]

     Heaven's stern decree, With many an ill, hath numbed and deaded me.


   Dead, v. i. To die; to lose life or force. [Obs.]

     So  iron,  as  soon  as it is out of the fire, deadeth straightway.

                                   Dead beat

   Dead` beat" (?). See Beat, n., 7. [Low, U.S.]


   Dead"beat`  (?),  a.  (Physics)  Making  a beat without recoil; giving
   indications  by  a  single beat or excursion; -- said of galvanometers
   and other instruments in which the needle or index moves to the extent
   of  its  deflection  and  stops with little or no further oscillation.
   Deadbeat escapement. See under Escapement.


   Dead"born` (?), a. Stillborn. Pope.


   Dead"en  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Deadened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deadening.] [From Dead; cf. AS. d to kill, put to death. See Dead, a.]

   1. To make as dead; to impair in vigor, force, activity, or sensation;
   to  lessen  the  force  or  acuteness  of; to blunt; as, to deaden the
   natural powers or feelings; to deaden a sound.

   Page 372

     As  harper  lays  his  open  palm  Upon  his  harp,  to  deaden its
     vibrations. Longfellow.

   2.  To  lessen the velocity or momentum of; to retard; as, to deaden a
   ship's headway.

   3. To make vapid or spiritless; as, to deaden wine.

   4.  To  deprive  of  gloss  or  brilliancy;  to obscure; as, to deaden
   gilding by a coat of size.


   Dead"en*er (?), n. One who, or that which, deadens or checks.


   Dead"-eye`  (?), n. (Naut.) A round, flattish, wooden block, encircled
   by  a  rope,  or an iron band, and pierced with three holes to receive
   the  lanyard;  --  used to extend the shrouds and stays, and for other
   purposes. Called also deadman's eye. Totten.


   Dead"head` (?), n.

   1.  One  who  receives  free tickets for theaters, public conveyances,
   etc. [Colloq. U. S.]

   2. (Naut.) A buoy. See under Dead, a.


   Dead"*heart`ed  (?),  a.  Having  a  dull,  faint  heart;  spiritless;
   listless. -- Dead"*heart`ed*ness, n. Bp. Hall.


   Dead"house`  (?), n. A morgue; a place for the temporary reception and
   exposure of dead bodies.


   Dead"ish, a. Somewhat dead, dull, or lifeless; deathlike.

     The lips put on a deadish paleness. A. Stafford.


   Dead"latch`  (?),  n. A kind of latch whose bolt may be so locked by a
   detent  that  it  can  not be opened from the inside by the handle, or
   from the outside by the latch key. Knight.


   Dead"light`  (?),  n. (Naut.) A strong shutter, made to fit open ports
   and keep out water in a storm.


   Dead"li*hood (?), n. State of the dead. [Obs.]


   Dead"li*ness, n. The quality of being deadly.


   Dead"lock` (?), n.

   1.  A lock which is not self-latching, but requires a key to throw the
   bolt forward.

   2.  A  counteraction  of  things, which produces an entire stoppage; a
   complete obstruction of action.

     Things are at a deadlock. London Times.

     The  Board  is  much more likely to be at a deadlock of two to two.
     The Century.


   Dead"ly (?), a.

   1.  Capable  of  causing death; mortal; fatal; destructive; certain or
   likely to cause death; as, a deadly blow or wound.

   2.  Aiming  or  willing  to  destroy; implacable; desperately hostile;
   flagitious; as, deadly enemies.

     Thy assailant is quick, skillful, and deadly. Shak.

   3. Subject to death; mortal. [Obs.]

     The image of a deadly man. Wyclif (Rom. i. 23).

   Deadly  nightshade  (Bot.),  a  poisonous plant; belladonna. See under


   Dead"ly, adv.

   1. In a manner resembling, or as if produced by, death. "Deadly pale."

   2. In a manner to occasion death; mortally.

     The groanings of a deadly wounded man. Ezek. xxx. 24.

   3. In an implacable manner; destructively.

   4.  Extremely.  [Obs.]  "Deadly  weary."  Orrery. "So deadly cunning a
   man." Arbuthnot.


   Dead"ness,  n.  The  state  of being destitute of life, vigor, spirit,
   activity,  etc.;  dullness;  inertness;  languor; coldness; vapidness;
   indifference;  as,  the  deadness  of  a  limb, a body, or a tree; the
   deadness  of  an eye; deadness of the affections; the deadness of beer
   or cider; deadness to the world, and the like.


   Dead"-pay`  (?),  n.  Pay  drawn for soldiers, or others, really dead,
   whose names are kept on the rolls.

     O you commanders, That, like me, have no dead-pays. Massinger.


   Dead"-reck`on*ing (?), n. (Naut.) See under Dead, a.


   Deads  (?),  n.  pl.  (Mining) The substances which inclose the ore on
   every side.


   Dead"-stroke`   (?),  a.  (Mech.)  Making  a  stroke  without  recoil;
   deadbeat.  Dead-stroke  hammer (Mach.), a power hammer having a spring
   interposed  between  the  driving  mechanism  and  the hammer head, or
   helve,  to  lessen  the recoil of the hammer and reduce the shock upon
   the mechanism.


   Dead"wood` (?), n.

   1.  (Naut.) A mass of timbers built into the bow and stern of a vessel
   to give solidity.

   2. Dead trees or branches; useless material. <-- unproductive workers!


   Dead"works`  (?),  n.  pl. (Naut.) The parts of a ship above the water
   when she is laden.


   Deaf  (?; 277), a. [OE. def, deaf, deef, AS. de\'a0f; akin to D. doof,
   G.  taub, Icel. daufr, Dan. d\'94v, Sw. d\'94f, Goth. daubs, and prob.
   to  E.  dumb  (the original sense being, dull as applied to one of the
   senses), and perh. to Gr. toben to rage. Cf. Dumb.]

   1.  Wanting  the sense of hearing, either wholly or in part; unable to
   perceive sounds; hard of hearing; as, a deaf man.

     Come on my right hand, for this ear is deaf. Shak.

   2.  Unwilling to hear or listen; determinedly inattentive; regardless;
   not to be persuaded as to facts, argument, or exhortation; -- with to;
   as, deaf to reason.

     O,  that men's ears should be To counsel deaf, but not to flattery!

   3. Deprived of the power of hearing; deafened.

     Deaf with the noise, I took my hasty flight. Dryden.

   4. Obscurely heard; stifled; deadened. [R.]

     A deaf murmur through the squadron went. Dryden.

   5. Decayed; tasteless; dead; as, a deaf nut; deaf corn. [Obs. or Prov.
   Eng.] Halliwell.

     If  the  season  be  unkindly  and intemperate, they [peppers] will
     catch  a  blast;  and then the seeds will be deaf, void, light, and
     naught. Holland.

   Deaf  and dumb, without the sense of hearing or the faculty of speech.
   See Deaf-mute.


   Deaf (?; 277), v. t. To deafen. [Obs.] Dryden.


   Deaf"en  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Deafened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deafening.] [From Deaf.]

   1.  To  make  deaf;  to  deprive  of  the  power of hearing; to render
   incapable of perceiving sounds distinctly.

     Deafened and stunned with their promiscuous cries. Addison.

   2.  (Arch.) To render impervious to sound, as a partition or floor, by
   filling the space within with mortar, by lining with paper, etc.


   Deaf"en*ing,  n.  The act or process of rendering impervious to sound,
   as  a  floor  or  wall;  also,  the material with which the spaces are
   filled in this process; pugging.


   Deaf"ly, adv. Without sense of sounds; obscurely.


   Deaf"ly, a. Lonely; solitary. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Deaf"-mute`  (?),  n.  A person who is deaf and dumb; one who, through
   deprivation  or  defect  of hearing, has either failed the acquire the
   power of speech, or has lost it. [See Illust. of Dactylology.]

     Deaf-mutes  are  still so called, even when, by artificial methods,
     they have been taught to speak imperfectly.


     Deaf"-mut`ism (?), n. The condition of being a deaf-mute.


     Deaf"ness (?), n.

     1.  Incapacity  of perceiving sounds; the state of the organs which
     prevents the impression which constitute hearing; want of the sense
     of hearing.

     2.  Unwillingness to hear; voluntary rejection of what is addressed
     to the understanding.

   Nervous  deafness,  a variety of deafness dependent upon morbid change
   in some portion of the nervous system, especially the auditory nerve.


   Deal  (?),  n.  [OE.  del, deel, part, AS. d; akin to OS. d, D. & Dan.
   deel, G. theil, teil, Icel. deild, Sw. del, Goth. dails. Dole.]

   1.  A part or portion; a share; hence, an indefinite quantity, degree,
   or  extent,  degree, or extent; as, a deal of time and trouble; a deal
   of cold.

     Three tenth deals [parts of an ephah] of flour. Num. xv. 9.

     As an object of science it [the Celtic genius] may count for a good
     deal . . . as a spiritual power. M. Arnold.

     She was resolved to be a good deal more circumspect. W. Black.

     NOTE: &hand; It  wa s fo rmerly li mited by some, every, never a, a
     thousand,  etc.;  as,  some  deal;  but  these  are now obsolete or
     vulgar. In general, we now qualify the word with great or good, and
     often  use it adverbially, by being understood; as, a great deal of
     time  and  pains;  a great (or good) deal better or worse; that is,
     better by a great deal, or by a great part or difference.

   2.  The  process  of  dealing  cards to the players; also, the portion

     The deal, the shuffle, and the cut. Swift.

   3. Distribution; apportionment. [Colloq.]

   4.  An  arrangement  to  attain  a  desired result by a combination of
   interested  parties;  --  applied  to stock speculations and political
   bargains. [Slang]

   5.  [Prob.  from  D.  deel  a  plank, threshing floor. See Thill.] The
   division  of  a  piece  of  timber  made  by sawing; a board or plank;
   particularly,  a  board  or plank of fir or pine above seven inches in
   width,  and exceeding six feet in length. If narrower than this, it is
   called a batten; if shorter, a deal end.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh ole deal is a general term for planking one and one
     half inches thick.

   6. Wood of the pine or fir; as, a floor of deal.
   Deal tree, a fir tree. Dr. Prior.


   Deal,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Dealt (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dealing.] [OE.
   delen,  AS.  d,  fr.  d  share;  akin to OS. d, D. deelen, G. theilen,
   teilen, Icel. deila, Sw. dela, Dan. dele, Goth. dailjan. See Deal, n.]

   1.  To divide; to separate in portions; hence, to give in portions; to
   distribute; to bestow successively; -- sometimes with out.

     Is not to deal thy bread to the hungry? Is. lviii. 7.

     And Rome deals out her blessings and her gold. Tickell.

     The nightly mallet deals resounding blows. Gay.

     Hissing through the skies, the feathery deaths were dealt. Dryden.

   2.  Specifically:  To  distribute,  as  cards,  to  the players at the
   commencement of a game; as, to deal the cards; to deal one a jack.


   Deal, v. i.

   1.  To  make  distribution;  to share out in portions, as cards to the

   2.  To  do a distributing or retailing business, as distinguished from
   that  of  a  manufacturer  or  producer;  to  traffic; to trade; to do
   business; as, he deals in flour.

     They buy and sell, they deal and traffic. South.

     This is to drive to wholesale trade, when all other petty merchants
     deal but for parcels. Dr. H. More.

   3. To act as an intermediary in business or any affairs; to manage; to
   make arrangements; -- followed by between or with.

     Sometimes he that deals between man and man, raiseth his own credit
     with  both,  by pretending greater interest than he hath in either.

   4.  To  conduct  one's self; to behave or act in any affair or towards
   any one; to treat.

     If  he will deal clearly and impartially, . . . he will acknowledge
     all this to be true. Tillotson.

   5. To contend (with); to treat (with), by way of opposition, check, or
   correction; as, he has turbulent passions to deal with.
   To  deal  by,  to  treat,  either  well  or  ill;  as, to deal well by
   servants. "Such an one deals not fairly by his own mind." Locke. -- To
   deal  in.  (a)  To have to do with; to be engaged in; to practice; as,
   they  deal in political matters. (b) To buy and sell; to furnish, as a
   retailer or wholesaler; as, they deal in fish. -- To deal with. (a) To
   treat  in any manner; to use, whether well or ill; to have to do with;
   specifically,  to  trade  with.  "Dealing  with witches." Shak. (b) To
   reprove solemnly; to expostulate with.
     The  deacons  of  his  church, who, to use their own phrase, "dealt
     with  him"  on  the  sin  of  rejecting the aid which Providence so
     manifestly held out. Hawthorne.
     Return . . . and I will deal well with thee. Gen. xxxii. 9.
   De*al"bate  (?), v. t. [L. dealbatus, p. p. of dealbare. See Daub.] To
   whiten. [Obs.] Cockeram.
   De`al*ba"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  dealbatio: cf. F. d\'82albation.] Act of
   bleaching; a whitening. [Obs.]
   Deal"er (?), n.
   1.  One  who  deals;  one  who has to do, or has concern, with others;
   esp.,  a  trader, a trafficker, a shopkeeper, a broker, or a merchant;
   as, a dealer in dry goods; a dealer in stocks; a retail dealer.
   2. One who distributes cards to the players.

   Deal"fish`  (?),  n.  [From  deal  a long, narrow plank.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   long, thin fish of the arctic seas (Trachypterus arcticus).


   Deal"ing, n. The act of one who deals; distribution of anything, as of
   cards  to  the  players;  method  of  business;  traffic; intercourse;
   transaction;  as,  to  have  dealings  with  a person. Double dealing,
   insincere,  treacherous  dealing;  duplicity.  -- Plain dealing, fair,
   sincere, honorable dealing; honest, outspoken expression of opinion.


   Dealth (?), n. Share dealt. [Obs.]


   De*am"bu*late  (?),  v. i. [L. deambulare, deambulatum; de- + ambulare
   to walk.] To walk abroad. [Obs.] Cockeram.


   De*am`bu*la"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  deambulatio.]  A  walking  abroad;  a
   promenading. [Obs.] Sir T. Elyot.


   De*am"bu*la*to*ry  (?),  a.  [Cf.  LL.  deambulator a traveler.] Going
   about   from  place  to  place;  wandering;  of  or  pertaining  to  a
   deambulatory. [Obs.] "Deambulatory actors." Bp. Morton.


   De*am"bu*la*to*ry, n. [L. deambulatorium.] A covered place in which to
   walk; an ambulatory.


   Dean  (?), n. [OE. dene, deene, OF. deien, dien, F. doyen, eldest of a
   corporation,  a  dean,  L.  decanus the chief of ten, one set over ten
   persons,  e. g., over soldiers or over monks, from decem ten. See Ten,
   and cf. Decemvir.]

   1.  A dignitary or presiding officer in certain ecclesiastical and lay
   bodies; esp., an ecclesiastical dignitary, subordinate to a bishop.
   Dean  of  cathedral  church,  the chief officer of a chapter; he is an
   ecclesiastical  magistrate next in degree to bishop, and has immediate
   charge  of the cathedral and its estates. -- Dean of peculiars, a dean
   holding  a preferment which has some peculiarity relative to spiritual
   superiors  and the jurisdiction exercised in it. [Eng.] -- Rural dean,
   one  having, under the bishop, the especial care and inspection of the
   clergy within certain parishes or districts of the diocese.

   2. The collegiate officer in the universities of Oxford and Cambridge,
   England,  who, besides other duties, has regard to the moral condition
   of the college. Shipley.

   3.  The  head  or presiding officer in the faculty of some colleges or

   4.  A  registrar  or  secretary  of  the  faculty in a department of a
   college,  as  in  a medical, or theological, or scientific department.

   5.  The  chief or senior of a company on occasion of ceremony; as, the
   dean of the diplomatic corps; -- so called by courtesy.
   Cardinal  dean, the senior cardinal bishop of the college of cardinals
   at  Rome.  Shipley.  --  Dean  and  chapter, the legal corporation and
   governing  body of a cathedral. It consists of the dean, who is chief,
   and  his  canons  or prebendaries. -- Dean of arches, the lay judge of
   the  court  of  arches.  --  Dean  of  faculty,  the  president  of an
   incorporation  or  barristers;  specifically,  the  president  of  the
   incorporation   of  advocates  in  Edinburgh.  --  Dean  of  guild,  a
   magistrate  of  Scotch  burghs,  formerly,  and still, in some burghs,
   chosen  by  the  Guildry, whose duty is to superintend the erection of
   new  buildings  and  see  that  they  conform to the law. -- Dean of a
   monastery,  Monastic  dean,  a  monastic  superior  over ten monks. --
   Dean's stall. See Decanal stall, under Decanal.


   Dean"er*y (?), n.; pl. Deaneries (.

   1.  The  office or the revenue of a dean. See the Note under Benefice,
   n., 3.

   2. The residence of a dean. Shak.

   3. The territorial jurisdiction of a dean.

     Each archdeaconry is divided into rural deaneries, and each deanery
     is divided into parishes. Blackstone.


   Dean"ship, n. The office of a dean.

     I dont't value your deanship a straw. Swift.


   Dear  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Dearer (?); superl. Dearest (?).] [OE. dere,
   deore,  AS.  de\'a2re;  akin  to  OS.  diuri,  D. duur, OHG. tiuri, G.
   theuer, teuer, Icel. d, Dan. & Sw. dyr. Cf. Darling, Dearth.]

   1. Bearing a high price; high-priced; costly; expensive.

     The cheapest of us is ten groats too dear. Shak.

   2.  Marked by scarcity or dearth, and exorbitance of price; as, a dear

   3. Highly valued; greatly beloved; cherished; precious. "Hear me, dear
   lady." Shak.

     Neither count I my life dear unto myself. Acts xx. 24.

     And the last joy was dearer than the rest. Pope.

     Dear as remember'd kisses after death. Tennyson.

   4. Hence, close to the heart; heartfelt; present in mind; engaging the
   attention. (a) Of agreeable things and interests.

     [I'll] leave you to attend him: some dear cause Will in concealment
     wrap me up awhile. Shak.

     His  dearest  wish  was  to  escape  from the bustle and glitter of
     Whitehall. Macaulay.

   (b) Of disagreeable things and antipathies.

     In our dear peril. Shak.

     Would  I  had  met my dearest foe in heaven Or ever I had seen that
     day. Shak.


   Dear, n. A dear one; lover; sweetheart.

     That kiss I carried from thee, dear. Shak.


   Dear, adv. Dearly; at a high price.

     If thou attempt it, it will cost thee dear. Shak.


   Dear, v. t. To endear. [Obs.] Shelton.


   Dear"born (?), n. A four-wheeled carriage, with curtained sides.


   Dear"-bought`  (?),  a.  Bought  at  a  high  price;  as,  dear-bought

   Page 373


   Deare (?), variant of Dere, v. t. & n. [Obs.]


   Dear"ie (?), n. Same as Deary. Dickens.


   Dear"ling (?), n. A darling. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Dear"-loved` (?), a. Greatly beloved. Shak.


   Dear"ly, adv.

   1.  In a dear manner; with affection; heartily; earnestly; as, to love
   one dearly.

   2. At a high rate or price; grievously.

     He buys his mistress dearly with his throne. Dryden.

   3. Exquisitely. [Obs.] Shak.


   Dearn  (?),  a. [AS. derne, dyrne, dierne, hidden, secret. Cf. Derne.]
   Secret;  lonely;  solitary;  dreadful.  [Obs.] Shak. -- Dearn"ly, adv.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Dearn, v. t. Same as Darn. [Obs.]


   Dear"ness (?), n.

   1. The quality or state of being dear; costliness; excess of price.

     The dearness of corn. Swift.

   2. Fondness; preciousness; love; tenderness.

     The dearness of friendship. Bacon.


   Dearth  (?),  n.  [OE.  derthe,  fr.  dere.  See Dear.] Scarcity which
   renders  dear;  want;  lack;  specifically, lack of food on account of
   failure of crops; famine.

     There came a dearth over all the land of Egypt. Acts vii. 11.

     He with her press'd, she faint with dearth. Shak.

     Dearth of plot, and narrowness of imagination. Dryden.


   De`ar*tic"u*late (?), v. t. To disjoint.


   Dear"worth` (?), a. [See Derworth.] Precious. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.


   Dear"y (?), n. A dear; a darling. [Familiar]


   De"as (?), n. See Dais. [Scot.]


   Death  (?),  n. [OE. deth, dea, AS. de\'a0; akin to OS. d, D. dood, G.
   tod,  Icel.  dau, Sw. & Dan. d\'94d, Goth. daupus; from a verb meaning
   to die. See Die, v. i., and cf. Dead.]

   1.  The  cessation  of  all  vital  phenomena  without  capability  of
   resuscitation, either in animals or plants.

     NOTE: &hand; Lo cal de ath is going on at times and in all parts of
     the  living  body, in which individual cells and elements are being
     cast  off and replaced by new; a process essential to life. General
     death  is  of  two  kinds; death of the body as a whole (somatic or
     systemic death), and death of the tissues. By the former is implied
     the   absolute  cessation  of  the  functions  of  the  brain,  the
     circulatory  and  the  respiratory organs; by the latter the entire
     disappearance  of  the  vital  actions  of  the ultimate structural
     constituents  of  the  body.  When death takes place, the body as a
     whole  dies first, the death of the tissues sometimes not occurring
     until after a considerable interval. Huxley.

   2.  Total  privation  or loss; extinction; cessation; as, the death of

     The  death of a language can not be exactly compared with the death
     of a plant. J. Peile.

   3. Manner of dying; act or state of passing from life.

     A death that I abhor. Shak.

     Let me die the death of the righteous. Num. xxiii. 10.

   4. Cause of loss of life.

     Swiftly flies the feathered death. Dryden.

     He caught his death the last county sessions. Addison.

   5.  Personified:  The destroyer of life, -- conventionally represented
   as a skeleton with a scythe.

     Death! great proprietor of all. Young.

     And  I looked, and behold a pale horse; and his name that at on him
     was Death. Rev. vi. 8.

   6. Danger of death. "In deaths oft." 2 Cor. xi. 23.

   7. Murder; murderous character.

     Not to suffer a man of death to live. Bacon.

   8. (Theol.) Loss of spiritual life.

     To be death. Rom. viii. 6.

   9. Anything so dreadful as to be like death.

     It  was  death  to  them  to  think of entertaining such doctrines.

     And  urged  him,  so that his soul was vexed unto death. Judg. xvi.

     NOTE: &hand; De ath is  much used adjectively and as the first part
     of  a  compound,  meaning,  in  general, of or pertaining to death,
     causing or presaging death; as, deathbed or death bed; deathblow or
     death blow, etc.

   Black  death.  See Black death, in the Vocabulary. -- Civil death, the
   separation  of a man from civil society, or the debarring him from the
   enjoyment  of civil rights, as by banishment, attainder, abjuration of
   the  realm,  entering  a  monastery,  etc. Blackstone. -- Death adder.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  kind  of  viper found in South Africa (Acanthophis
   tortor);  -- so called from the virulence of its venom. (b) A venomous
   Australian  snake of the family Elapid\'91, of several species, as the
   Hoplocephalus  superbus  and  Acanthopis  antarctica. -- Death bell, a
   bell that announces a death.

     The death bell thrice was heard to ring. Mickle.

   --  Death  candle,  a  light  like  that  of  a  candle, viewed by the
   superstitious  as  presaging death. -- Death damp, a cold sweat at the
   coming  on of death. -- Death fire, a kind of ignis fatuus supposed to
   forebode death.

     And  round about in reel and rout, The death fires danced at night.

   --  Death grapple, a grapple or struggle for life. -- Death in life, a
   condition but little removed from death; a living death. [Poetic] "Lay
   lingering  out a five years' death in life." Tennyson. -- Death knell,
   a  stroke or tolling of a bell, announcing a death. -- Death rate, the
   relation or ratio of the number of deaths to the population.

     At  all  ages  the  death  rate  is  higher  in towns than in rural
     districts. Darwin.

   --  Death  rattle,  a  rattling  or  gurgling in the throat of a dying
   person.  -- Death's door, the boundary of life; the partition dividing
   life  from  death.  --  Death stroke, a stroke causing death. -- Death
   throe,  the  spasm of death. -- Death token, the signal of approaching
   death.  -- Death warrant. (a) (Law) An order from the proper authority
   for  the  execution  of  a  criminal.  (b)  That  which puts an end to
   expectation,  hope,  or  joy.  --  Death  wound.  (a) A fatal wound or
   injury.  (b) (Naut.) The springing of a fatal leak. -- Spiritual death
   (Scripture),  the  corruption  and perversion of the soul by sin, with
   the loss of the favor of God. -- The gates of death, the grave.

     Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? Job xxxviii. 17.

   -- The second death, condemnation to eternal separation from God. Rev.
   ii.  11.  --  To be the death of, to be the cause of death to; to make
   die. "It was one who should be the death of both his parents." Milton.
   Syn.  --  Death,  Decrase,  Departure,  Release.  Death applies to the
   termination of every form of existence, both animal and vegetable; the
   other  words  only  to the human race. Decease is the term used in law
   for the removal of a human being out of life in the ordinary course of
   nature. Demise was formerly confined to decease of princes, but is now
   sometimes  used of distinguished men in general; as, the demise of Mr.
   Pitt.   Departure  and  release  are  peculiarly  terms  of  Christian
   affection  and  hope. A violent death is not usually called a decease.
   Departure  implies  a friendly taking leave of life. Release implies a
   deliverance from a life of suffering or sorrow.


   Death"bed  (?),  n. The bed in which a person dies; hence, the closing
   hours  of  life  of  one  who  dies  by sickness or the like; the last

     That  often-quoted  passage  from  Lord Hervey in which the Queen's
     deathbed is described. Thackeray.


   Death"bird` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Tengmalm's or Richardson's owl (Nyctale
   Tengmalmi);  --  so  called  from a superstition of the North American
   Indians that its note presages death.


   Death"blow` (?), n. A mortal or crushing blow; a stroke or event which
   kills or destroys.

     The deathblow of my hope. Byron.


   Death"ful (?), a.

   1. Full of death or slaughter; murderous; destructive; bloody.

     These eyes behold The deathful scene. Pope.

   2. Liable to undergo death; mortal.

     The deathless gods and deathful earth. Chapman.


   Death"ful*ness, n. Appearance of death. Jer. Taylor.


   Death"less,  a.  Not  subject  to  death,  destruction, or extinction;
   immortal; undying; imperishable; as, deathless beings; deathless fame.


   Death"like` (?), a.

   1. Resembling death.

     A deathlike slumber, and a dead repose. Pope.

   2. Deadly. [Obs.] "Deathlike dragons." Shak.


   Death"li*ness  (?),  n.  The  quality  of  being  deathly; deadliness.


   Death"ly, a. Deadly; fatal; mortal; destructive.


   Death"ly, adv. Deadly; as, deathly pale or sick.


   Death's"-head` (?), n. A naked human skull as the emblem of death; the
   head of the conventional personification of death.

     I had rather be married to a death's-head with a bone in his mouth.

   Death's-head  moth  (Zo\'94l.), a very large European moth (Acherontia
   atropos), so called from a figure resembling a human skull on the back
   of the thorax; -- called also death's-head sphinx.


   Death's"-herb`  (?), n. The deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna). Dr.


   Deaths"man (?), n. An executioner; a headsman or hangman. [Obs.] Shak.


   Death"ward (?), adv. Toward death.


   Death"watch` (?; 224), n.

   1. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A small beetle (Anobium tessellatum and other allied
   species).  By  forcibly  striking its head against woodwork it makes a
   ticking  sound,  which  is  a call of the sexes to each other, but has
   been  imagined  by  superstitious people to presage death. (b) A small
   wingless  insect,  of the family Psocid\'91, which makes a similar but
   fainter sound; -- called also deathtick.

     She is always seeing apparitions and hearing deathwatches. Addison.

     I  did  not  hear  the  dog  howl,  mother, or the deathwatch beat.

   2. The guard set over a criminal before his execution.


   De*au"rate  (?),  a.  [L.  deauratus, p. p. of deaurare to gild; de- +
   aurum gold.] Gilded. [Obs.]


   De*au"rate (?), v. t. To gild. [Obs.] Bailey.


   De`au*ra"tion (?), n. Act of gilding. [Obs.]


   Deave  (?),  v.  t.  [See  Deafen.]  To stun or stupefy with noise; to
   deafen. [Scot.]


   De*bac"chate  (?), v. i. [L. debacchatus, p. p. of debacchari to rage;
   de-  + bacchari to rage like a bacchant.] To rave as a bacchanal. [R.]


   De`bac*cha"tion  (?),  n. [L. debacchatio.] Wild raving or debauchery.
   [R.] Prynne.


   De*ba"cle  (?),  n.  [F.  d\'82b\'83cle,  fr. d\'82b\'83cler to unbar,
   break loose; pref. d\'82- (prob. = L. dis) + b\'83cler to bolt, fr. L.
   baculum a stick.] (Geol.) A breaking or bursting forth; a violent rush
   or  flood  of  waters  which  breaks down opposing barriers, and hurls
   forward and disperses blocks of stone and other d\'82bris.


   De*bar"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Debarred (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Debarring.]  [Pref.  de-  + bar.] To cut off from entrance, as if by a
   bar  or  barrier;  to  preclude;  to  hinder  from approach, entry, or
   enjoyment;  to  shut  out or exclude; to deny or refuse; -- with from,
   and sometimes with of.

     Yet  not  so  strictly  hath our Lord imposed Labor, as to debar us
     when we need Refreshment. Milton.

     Their  wages  were  so  low  as  to  debar  them, not only from the
     comforts but from the common decencies of civilized life. Buckle.


   De*barb"  (?),  v.  t. [Pref. de- + L. barba beard.] To deprive of the
   beard. [Obs.] Bailey.


   De"bark"  (?),  v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Debarked (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Debarking.]  [F.  d\'82barquer;  pref.  d\'82- (L. dis-) + barque. See
   Bark  the  vessel, and cf. Disbark.] To go ashore from a ship or boat;
   to disembark; to put ashore.


   De`bar*ka"tion (?), n. Disembarkation.

     The debarkation, therefore, had to take place by small steamers. U.
     S. Grant.


   De*bar"ment (?), n. Hindrance from approach; exclusion.


   De*bar"rass  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  F. d\'82barrasser. See Embarrass.] To
   disembarrass; to relieve. [R.]


   De*base"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Debased (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Debasing.]  [Pref. de- + base. See Base, a., and cf. Abase.] To reduce
   from  a  higher  to  a lower state or grade of worth, dignity, purity,
   station,  etc.; to degrade; to lower; to deteriorate; to abase; as, to
   debase  the  character  by  crime; to debase the mind by frivolity; to
   debase style by vulgar words.

     The coin which was adulterated and debased. Hale.

     It  is  a kind of taking God's name in vain to debase religion with
     such frivolous disputes. Hooker.

     And to debase the sons, exalts the sires. Pope.

   Syn. -- To abase; degrade. See Abase.


   De*based"  (?), a. (Her.) Turned upside down from its proper position;
   inverted; reversed.


   De*base"ment  (?),  n.  The  act  of  debasing  or  the state of being
   debased. Milton.


   De*bas"er (?), n. One who, or that which, debases.


   De*bas"ing*ly, adv. In a manner to debase.


   De*bat"a*ble  (?),  a.  [Cf.  OF. debatable. See Debate.] Liable to be
   debated;  disputable;  subject  to  controversy or contention; open to
   question  or  dispute; as, a debatable question. The Debatable Land OR
   Ground,  a tract of land between the Esk and the Sark, claimed by both
   England and Scotland; the Batable Ground.


   De*bate"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Debated; p. pr. & vb. n. Debating.]
   [OF.  debatre, F. d\'82battre; L. de + batuere to beat. See Batter, v.
   t., and cf. Abate.]

   1. To engage in combat for; to strive for.

     Volunteers  . . . thronged to serve under his banner, and the cause
     of  religion  was  debated  with  the same ardor in Spain as on the
     plains of Palestine. Prescott.

   2.  To  contend  for  in  words or arguments; to strive to maintain by
   reasoning;  to  dispute;  to  contest;  to  discuss;  to argue for and

     A wise council . . . that did debate this business. Shak.

     Debate thy cause with thy neighbor himself. Prov. xxv. 9.

   Syn.  --  To  argue;  discuss;  dispute;  controvert.  See  Argue, and


   De*bate", v. i.

   1. To engage in strife or combat; to fight. [Obs.] Chaucer.

     Well could he tourney and in lists debate. Spenser.

   2. To contend in words; to dispute; hence, to deliberate; to consider;
   to  discuss  or  examine  different  arguments  in  the mind; -- often
   followed by on or upon.

     He  presents  that great soul debating upon the subject of life and
     death with his intimate friends. Tatler.


   De*bate", n. [F. d\'82bat, fr. d\'82battre. See Debate, v. t.]

   1. A fight or fighting; contest; strife. [Archaic]

     On the day of the Trinity next ensuing was a great debate . . . and
     in that murder there were slain . . . fourscore. R. of Gloucester.

     But  question  fierce  and  proud  reply  Gave  signal soon of dire
     debate. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  Contention  in  words  or arguments; discussion for the purpose of
   elucidating   truth   or   influencing  action;  strife  in  argument;
   controversy; as, the debates in Parliament or in Congress.

     Heard, noted, answer'd, as in full debate. Pope.

   3. Subject of discussion. [R.]

     Statutes and edicts concerning this debate. Milton.


   De*bate"ful  (?),  a.  Full  of  contention; contentious; quarrelsome.
   [Obs.] Spenser.


   De*bate"ful*ly, adv. With contention. [Obs.]


   De*bate"ment  (?),  n.  [Cf.  OF.  debatement a beating.] Controversy;
   deliberation; debate. [R.]

     A serious question and debatement with myself. Milton.


   De*bat"er (?), n. One who debates; one given to argument; a disputant;
   a controvertist.

     Debate where leisure serves with dull debaters. Shak.


   De*bat"ing,  n. The act of discussing or arguing; discussion. Debating
   society  OR  club,  a  society  or  club for the purpose of debate and
   improvement in extemporaneous speaking.


   De*bat"ing*ly, adv. In the manner of a debate.


   De*bauch" (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Debauched (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Debauching.]  [F.  d\'82baucher, prob. originally, to entice away from
   the  workshop;  pref. d\'82- (L. dis- or de) + OF. bauche, bauge, hut,
   cf.  F.  bauge  lair of a wild boar; prob. from G. or Icel., cf. Icel.
   b\'belkr.  See  Balk,  n.]  To lead away from purity or excellence; to
   corrupt in character or principles; to mar; to vitiate; to pollute; to
   seduce; as, to debauch one's self by intemperance; to debauch a woman;
   to debauch an army.

     Learning not debauched by ambition. Burke.

     A  man  must  have  got  his  conscience  thoroughly  debauched and
     hardened before he can arrive to the height of sin. South.

     Her pride debauched her judgment and her eyes. Cowley.


   De*bauch", n. [Cf. F. d\'82bauche.]

   1.  Excess in eating or drinking; intemperance; drunkenness; lewdness;

     The first physicians by debauch were made. Dryden.

   2. An act or occasion of debauchery.

     Silenus, from his night's debauch, Fatigued and sick. Cowley.


   De*bauched"  (?),  a.  Dissolute;  dissipated. "A coarse and debauched
   look." Ld. Lytton.


   De*bauch"ed*ly (?), adv. In a profligate manner.


   De*bauch"ed*ness,  n.  The state of being debauched; intemperance. Bp.


   Deb`au*chee"  (?),  n.  [F. d\'82, n., properly p. p. of d\'82baucher.
   See  Debauch,  v. t.] One who is given to intemperance or bacchanalian
   excesses; a man habitually lewd; a libertine.


   De*bauch"er  (?), n. One who debauches or corrupts others; especially,
   a seducer to lewdness.

   Page 374


   De*bauch"er*y (?), n.; pl. Debaucheries (.

   1. Corruption of fidelity; seduction from virtue, duty, or allegiance.

     The  republic  of Paris will endeavor to complete the debauchery of
     the army. Burke.

   2.  Excessive  indulgence  of  the  appetites;  especially,  excessive
   indulgence of lust; intemperance; sensuality; habitual lewdness.

     Oppose . . . debauchery by temperance. Sprat.


   De*bauch"ment  (?), n. The act of corrupting; the act of seducing from
   virtue or duty.


   De*bauch"ness, n. Debauchedness. [Obs.]


   De*beige" (?), n. [F. de of + beige the natural color of wool.] A kind
   of woolen or mixed dress goods. [Written also debage.]


   De*bel"  (?),  v.  t. [Cf. F. d\'82beller. See Debellate.] To conquer.
   [Obs.] Milton.


   De*bel"late  (?),  v. t. [L. debellatus, p. p. of debellare to subdue;
   de- + bellum war.] To subdue; to conquer in war. [Obs.] Speed.


   Deb`el*la"tion  (?),  n.  [LL.  debellatio.]  The act of conquering or
   subduing. [Obs.]

                                 De bene esse

   De  be"ne  es"se  (?). [L.] (Law) Of well being; of formal sufficiency
   for the time; conditionally; provisionally. Abbott.


   De*ben"ture (?; 135), n. [L. debentur they are due, fr. debere to owe;
   cf. F. debentur. So called because these receipts began with the words
   Debentur mihi.]

   1.  A writing acknowledging a debt; a writing or certificate signed by
   a  public  officer,  as evidence of a debt due to some person; the sum
   thus due.

   2.  A  customhouse certificate entitling an exporter of imported goods
   to a drawback of duties paid on their importation. Burrill.

     NOTE: It is  ap plied in  En gland to  de eds of  mortgage given by
     railway  companies  for borrowed money; also to municipal and other
     bonds and securities for money loaned.


   De*ben"tured  (?;  135),  a.  Entitled  to  drawback or debenture; as,
   debentured goods.


   Deb"ile  (?),  a.  [L. debilis: cf. F. d\'82bile. See Debility.] Weak.
   [Obs.] Shak.


   De*bil"i*tant  (?), a. [L. debilitants, p. pr.] (Med.) Diminishing the
   energy of organs; reducing excitement; as, a debilitant drug.


   De*bil"i*tate  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Debilitated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Debilitating.] [L. debilitatus, p. p. of debilitare to debilitate, fr.
   debilis.  See  Debility.]  To  impair  the  strength of; to weaken; to
   enfeeble; as, to debilitate the body by intemperance.

     Various ails debilitate the mind. Jenyns.

     The  debilitated  frame  of  Mr. Bertram was exhausted by this last
     effort. Sir W. Scott.


   De*bil`i*ta"tion (?), n. [L. debilitatio: cf. F. d\'82bilitation.] The
   act  or  process  of  debilitating,  or  the  condition  of one who is
   debilitated; weakness.


   De*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. [L. debilitas, fr. debilis weak, prob. fr. de- +
   habilis  able: cf. F. d\'82bilit\'82. See Able, a.] The state of being
   weak; weakness; feebleness; languor.

     The   inconveniences  of  too  strong  a  perspiration,  which  are
     debility, faintness, and sometimes sudden death. Arbuthnot.

   Syn. -- Debility, Infirmity, Imbecility. An infirmity belongs, for the
   most  part,  to  particular members, and is often temporary, as of the
   eyes,  etc.  Debility  is more general, and while it lasts impairs the
   ordinary  functions of nature. Imbecility attaches to the whole frame,
   and  renders it more or less powerless. Debility may be constitutional
   or  may  be  the  result  or superinduced causes; Imbecility is always
   constitutional;  infirmity is accidental, and results from sickness or
   a  decay of the frame. These words, in their figurative uses, have the
   same  distinctions;  we  speak of infirmity of will, debility of body,
   and an Imbecility which affects the whole man; but Imbecility is often
   used with specific reference to feebleness of mind.


   Deb"it  (?), n. [L. debitum what is due, debt, from debere to owe: cf.
   F.  d\'82bit.  See Debt.] A debt; an entry on the debtor (Dr.) side of
   an  account;  --  mostly  used  adjectively;  as, the debit side of an


   Deb"it, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Debited; p. pr. & vb. n. Debiting.]

   1.  To  charge  with  debt;  --  the  opposite of, and correlative to,
   credit; as, to debit a purchaser for the goods sold.

   2.  (Bookkeeping) To enter on the debtor (Dr.) side of an account; as,
   to debit the amount of goods sold.


   Deb"it*or (?), n. [L. See Debtor.] A debtor. [Obs.] Shak.


   De`bi*tu`mi*ni*za"tion (?), n. The act of depriving of bitumen.


   De`bi*tu"mi*nize (?), v. t. To deprive of bitumen.


   D\'82`blai"  (?),  n. [F.] (Fort.) The cavity from which the earth for
   parapets, etc. (remblai), is taken.


   Deb`o*nair" (?), a. [OE. debonere, OF. de bon aire, debonaire, of good
   descent or lineage, excellent, debonair, F. d\'82bonnaire debonair; de
   of  (L. de) + bon good (L. bonus) + aire. See Air, and Bounty, and cf.
   Bonair.] Characterized by courteousness, affability, or gentleness; of
   good appearance and manners; graceful; complaisant.

     Was never prince so meek and debonair. Spenser.


   Deb`o*nair"i*ty  (?),  n. [OF. debonairet\'82, F. d\'82bonnairet\'82.]
   Debonairness. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Deb`o*nair"ly, adv. Courteously; elegantly.


   Deb`o*nair"ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being  debonair;  good  humor;
   gentleness; courtesy. Sterne.


   De*bosh"  (?),  v.  t.  [Old  form  of debauch.] To debauch. [Obs.] "A
   deboshed lady." Beau. & Fl.


   De*bosh"ment (?), n. Debauchment. [Obs.]


   De*bouch"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Debouched (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Debouching.]  [F. d\'82boucher; pref. d\'82- (L. dis- or de) + boucher
   to stop up, fr. bouche mouth, fr. L. bucca the cheek. Cf. Disembogue.]
   To  march  out  from a wood, defile, or other confined spot, into open
   ground; to issue.

     Battalions debouching on the plain. Prescott.


   D\'82`bou`ch\'82"  (?),  n. [F.] A place for exit; an outlet; hence, a
   market for goods.

     The d\'82bouch\'82s were ordered widened to afford easy egress. The


   D\'82`bou`chure"  (?),  n.  [F.]  The outward opening of a river, of a
   valley, or of a strait.


   D\'82`bris"  (?), n. [F., fr. pref. d\'82- (L. dis) + briser to break,
   shatter; perh. of Celtic origin.]

   1.   (Geol.)   Broken  and  detached  fragments,  taken  collectively;
   especially,  fragments  detached from a rock or mountain, and piled up
   at the base.

   2.  Rubbish,  especially  such  as  results  from  the  destruction of
   anything; remains; ruins.


   De*bruised"  (?),  a.  [Cf.  OF.  debruisier  to  shatter,  break. Cf.
   Bruise.]  (Her.)  Surmounted  by  an ordinary; as, a lion is debruised
   when a bend or other ordinary is placed over it, as in the cut.

     The  lion  of  England  and  the lilies of France without the baton
     sinister,  under  which,  according  to  the laws of heraldry, they
     where debruised in token of his illegitimate birth. Macaulay.


   Debt (?), n. [OE. dette, F. dette, LL. debita, fr. L. debitus owed, p.
   p. of debere to owe, prop., to have on loan; de- + habere to have. See
   Habit, and cf. Debit, Due.]

   1. That which is due from one person to another, whether money, goods,
   or  services;  that which one person is bound to pay to another, or to
   perform for his benefit; thing owed; obligation; liability.

     Your son, my lord, has paid a soldier's debt. Shak.

     When  you run in debt, you give to another power over your liberty.

   2.  A duty neglected or violated; a fault; a sin; a trespass. "Forgive
   us our debts." Matt. vi. 12.

   3.  (Law) An action at law to recover a certain specified sum of money
   alleged to be due. Burrill.
   Bond  debt,  Book  debt,  etc.  See  under Bond, Book, etc. -- Debt of
   nature, death.


   Debt"ed, p. a. Indebted; obliged to. [R.]

     I stand debted to this gentleman. Shak.


   Debt*ee"  (?),  n.  (Law)  One  to  whom  a  debt is due; creditor; --
   correlative to debtor. Blackstone.


   Debt"less (?), a. Free from debt. Chaucer.


   Debt"or  (?),  n.  [OE.  dettur, dettour, OF. detor, detur, detour, F.
   d\'82biteur,  fr.  L.  debitor,  fr. debere to owe. See Debt.] One who
   owes a debt; one who is indebted; -- correlative to creditor.

     [I  'll]  bring  your latter hazard back again, And thankfully rest
     debtor for the first. Shak.

     In  Athens  an  insolvent  debtor  became  slave  to  his creditor.

     Debtors for our lives to you. Tennyson.


   De*bul"li*ate  (?), v. i. [Pref. d\'82- + L. bullire to boil.] To boil
   over. [Obs.]


   Deb`u*li"tion  (?),  n.  [See Debulliate.] A bubbling or boiling over.
   [Obs.] Bailey.


   De*burse"  (?),  v.  t. & i. [Pref. de + L. bursa purse.] To disburse.
   [Obs.] Ludlow.


   De"bu*scope  (?),  n.  [From  the inventor, Debus, a French optician +
   -scope.] (Opt.) A modification of the kaleidoscope; -- used to reflect
   images so as to form beautiful designs.


   D\'82`but"  (?),  n.  [F.  d\'82but, prop., the first cast or throw at
   play,  fr.  but  aim,  mark.  See  Butt  an end.] A beginning or first
   attempt;  hence,  a first appearance before the public, as of an actor
   or public speaker.

                      D\'82butant, n.; fem. D\'82butante

   D\'82`bu`tant"  (?),  n.;  fem.  D\'82`bu`tante"  (.  [F.,  p.  pr. of
   d\'82buter  to  have  the  first  throw,  to  make one's d\'82but. See
   D\'82but.] A person who makes his (or her) first appearance before the


   Dec"a-  (?).  [Cf.  Ten.]  A  prefix,  from Gr. de`ka, signifying ten;
   specifically  (Metric  System),  a  prefix  signifying  the  weight or
   measure that is ten times the principal unit.


   De*cac`e*ra"ta  (?),  n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. de`ka ten + ke`ras a horn.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  The  division  of  Cephalopoda  which includes the squids,
   cuttlefishes,  and others having ten arms or tentacles; -- called also
   Decapoda. [Written also Decacera.] See Dibranchiata.

                            Decachord, Decachordon

   Dec"a*chord (?), Dec`a*chor"don (?), n. [Gr. deka`chordos tenstringed;
   de`ka ten + chordj` a string.]

   1.  An ancient Greek musical instrument of ten strings, resembling the

   2. Something consisting of ten parts. W. Watson.


   Dec`u*cu"mi*na`ted  (?),  a.  [L. decacuminare to cut off the top. See
   Cacuminate.] Having the point or top cut off. [Obs.] Bailey.


   Dec"ad (?), n. A decade.

     Averill was a decad and a half his elder. Tennyson.


   Dec"a*dal (?), a. Pertaining to ten; consisting of tens.


   Dec"ade  (?), n. [F. d\'82cade, L. decas, -adis, fr. Gr. Ten.] A group
   or  division  of  ten; esp., a period of ten years; a decennium; as, a
   decade  of  years  or days; a decade of soldiers; the second decade of
   Livy. [Written also decad.]

     During this notable decade of years. Gladstone.

                             Decadence, Decadency

   De*ca"dence (?), De*ca"den*cy (?), n. [LL. decadentia; L. de- + cadere
   to  fall:  cf.  F.  d\'82cadence.  See  Decay.] A falling away; decay;
   deterioration;  declension. "The old castle, where the family lived in
   their decadence.' Sir W. Scott.


   De*ca"dent (?), a. Decaying; deteriorating.


   Dec"a*dist  (?),  n. A writer of a book divided into decades; as, Livy
   was a decadist. [R.]


   Dec"a*gon  (?),  n.  [Pref.  deca- + Gr. d\'82cagone.] (Geom.) A plane
   figure  having ten sides and ten angles; any figure having ten angles.
   A regular decagon is one that has all its sides and angles equal.


   De*cag"o*nal (?), a. Pertaining to a decagon; having ten sides.

                             Decagram, Decagramme

   Dec"a*gram,  Dec"a*gramme  (?),  n. [F. d\'82cagramme; Gr. gramme. See
   Gram.] A weight of the metric system; ten grams, equal to about 154.32
   grains avoirdupois.


   Dec`a*gyn"i*a  (?),  n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A Linn\'91an order of
   plants characterized by having ten styles.

                            Decagynian, Deccagynous

   Dec`a*gyn"i*an  (?),  Dec*cag"y*nous  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. d\'82cagyne.]
   (Bot.) Belonging to the Decagynia; having ten styles.


   Dec`a*he"dral (?), a. Having ten sides.


   Dec`a*he"dron  (?),  n.;  pl.  E.  Decahedrons  (#), L. Decahedra (#).
   [Pref.  deca-  + Gr. 'e`dra a seat, a base, fr. 'e`zesthai to sit: cf.
   F.  d\'82ca\'8adre.]  (Geom.)  A  solid figure or body inclosed by ten
   plane surfaces. [Written also, less correctly, decaedron.]


   De*cal`ci*fi*ca"tion (?), n. The removal of calcareous matter.


   De*cal"ci*fy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Decalcified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Decalcifying.]  To  deprive  of  calcareous matter; thus, to decalcify
   bones is to remove the stony part, and leave only the gelatin.

                          Decalcomania, Decalcomanie

   De*cal`co*ma"ni*a  (?), De*cal`co*ma"nie (?), n. [F. d\'82calcomanie.]
   The  art  or  process  of  transferring pictures and designs to china,
   glass, marble, etc., and permanently fixing them thereto.

                             Decaliter, Decalitre

   Dec"a*li`ter,  Dec"a*li`tre  (?),  n. [F. d\'82calitre; Gr. litre. See
   Liter.]  A measure of capacity in the metric system; a cubic volume of
   ten  liters,  equal  to about 610.24 cubic inches, that is, 2.642 wine


   Dec"a*log (?; 115), n. Decalogue.


   De*cal"o*gist (?), n. One who explains the decalogue. J. Gregory.


   Dec"a*logue (?; 115), n. [F. d\'82calogue, L. decalogus, fr. Gr. Ten.]
   The Ten Commandments or precepts given by God to Moses on Mount Sinai,
   and originally written on two tables of stone.


   De*cam"e*ron  (?),  n.  [It.  decamerone,  fr. Gr. d\'82cam\'82ron.] A
   celebrated collection of tales, supposed to be related in ten days; --
   written in the 14th century, by Boccaccio, an Italian.

                             Decameter, Decametre

   Dec"a*me`ter,  Dec"a*me`tre (?), n. [F. d\'82cam\'8atre; Gr. m\'8atre.
   See  Meter.]  A  measure  of  length in the metric system; ten meters,
   equal to about 393.7 inches.


   De*camp"  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Decamped (?; 215); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Decamping.]  [F.  d\'82camper;  pref. d\'82- (L. dis) + camp camp. See

   1.  To break up a camp; to move away from a camping ground, usually by
   night or secretly. Macaulay.

   2.  Hence,  to  depart  suddenly;  to  run  away;  --  generally  used

     The  fathers  were  ordered to decamp, and the house was once again
     converted into a tavern. Goldsmith.


   De*camp"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82campement.] Departure from a camp; a
   marching off.


   Dec"a*nal  (?; 277), a. [Cf. F. d\'82canal. See Dean.] Pertaining to a
   dean or deanery.

     His rectorial as well as decanal residence. Churton.

   Decanal  side,  the  side  of  the  choir  on which the dean's tall is
   placed. -- Decanal stall, the stall allotted to the dean in the choir,
   on the right or south side of the chancel. Shipley.


   De*can"dri*a  (?),  n.  pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A Linn\'91an class of
   plants characterized by having ten stamens.

                            Decandrian, Decandrous

   De*can"dri*an  (?),  De*can"drous (?), a. [Cf. F. d\'82candre.] (Bot.)
   Belonging to the Decandria; having ten stamens.


   Dec"ane  (?), n. [See Deca-.] (Chem.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C10H22, of
   the paraffin series, including several isomeric modifications.


   Dec*an"gu*lar (?), a. [Pref. deca- + angular.] Having ten angles.


   De*ca"ni  (?),  a.  [L.,  lit.,  of the dean.] Used of the side of the
   choir  on which the dean's stall is placed; decanal; -- correlative to
   cantoris; as, the decanal, or decani, side.


   De*cant"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Decanted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Decanting.]  [F.  d\'82canter  (cf. It. decantare), prop., to pour off
   from the edge of a vessel; pref. d\'82- (L. de) + OF. cant (It. canto)
   edge,  border,  end. See Cant an edge.] To pour off gently, as liquor,
   so  as  not  to  disturb the sediment; or to pour from one vessel into
   another; as, to decant wine.


   De*can"tate (?), v. t. To decant. [Obs.]


   De`can*ta"tion  (?;  277),  n.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82cantation.]  The act of
   pouring  off  a clear liquor gently from its lees or sediment, or from
   one vessel into another.


   De*cant"er (?), n.

   1. A vessel used to decant liquors, or for receiving decanted liquors;
   a  kind  of  glass bottle used for holding wine or other liquors, from
   which drinking glasses are filled.

   2. One who decants liquors.


   De*caph"yl*lous  (?),  a.  [Pref.  deca-  + Gr. d\'82caphylle.] (Bot.)
   Having ten leaves.


   De*cap"i*tate  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Decapitated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Decapitating.]  [LL.  decapitatus, p. p. of decapitare; L. de- + caput
   head. See Chief.]

   1. To cut off the head of; to behead.

   2. To remove summarily from office. [Colloq. U. S.]


   De*cap`i*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [LL. decapitatio: cf. F. d\'82capitation.]
   The act of beheading; beheading.


   Dec"a*pod  (?),  n. [Cf. F. d\'82capode.] (Zo\'94l.) A crustacean with
   ten  feet  or  legs,  as  a  crab;  one  of  the  Decapoda.  Also used

   Page 375


   De*cap"o*da (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  order  of  Crustacea  which includes the shrimps,
   lobsters, crabs, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; They have a carapace, covering and uniting the somites
     of  the  head and thorax and inclosing a gill chamber on each side,
     and  usually have five (rarely six) pairs of legs. They are divided
     into  two  principal  groups:  Brachyura  and Macrura. Some writers
     recognize a third (Anomura) intermediate between the others.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A division of the dibranchiate cephalopods including the
   cuttlefishes and squids. See Decacera.

                            Deccapodal, Deccapodous

   Dec*cap"o*dal  (?), Dec*cap"o*dous (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Belonging to the
   decapods; having ten feet; ten-footed.


   De*car"bon*ate (?), v. t. To deprive of carbonic acid.


   De*car`bon*i*za"tion  (?),  n.  The  action  or process of depriving a
   substance of carbon.


   De*car"bon*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Decarbonized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Decarbonizing.] To deprive of carbon; as, to decarbonize steel; to
   decarbonize  the  blood.  Decarbonized  iron.  See  Malleable iron. --
   Decarbonized  steel,  homogenous wrought iron made by a steel process,
   as that of Bessemer; ingot iron.


   De*car"bon*i`zer  (?),  n.  He  who,  or  that  which,  decarbonizes a


   De*car`bu*ri*za"tion   (?),   n.   The  act,  process,  or  result  of


   De*car"bu*ize  (?),  v.  t. To deprive of carbon; to remove the carbon


   De*card" (?), v. t. To discard. [Obs.]

     You have cast those by, decarded them. J. Fletcher.


   De*car"di*nal*ize (?), v. t. To depose from the rank of cardinal.


   Dec"a*stere  (?),  n.  [L.  d\'82cast\'8are;  Gr.  st\'8are  a stere.]
   (Metric  System)  A  measure  of capacity, equal to ten steres, or ten
   cubic meters.


   Dec"a*stich (?), n. [Pref. deca- + Gr. A poem consisting of ten lines.


   Dec"a*style  (?), a. [Gr. (Arch.) Having ten columns in front; -- said
   of  a  portico,  temple,  etc.  --  n. A portico having ten pillars or
   columns in front.


   Dec`a*syl*lab"ic   (?),   a.   [Pref.   deca-   +   syllabic:  cf.  F.
   d\'82casyllabique,  d\'82casyllable.]  Having,  or  consisting of, ten


   Dec`a*to"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, decane.


   De*cay"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Decayed  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Decaying.] [OF. decaeir, dechaer, decheoir, F. d\'82choir, to decline,
   fall,  become  less;  L.  de-  +  cadere to fall. See Chance.] To pass
   gradually  from  a  sound,  prosperous,  or  perfect  state, to one of
   imperfection, adversity, or dissolution; to waste away; to decline; to
   fail;  to  become  weak, corrupt, or disintegrated; to rot; to perish;
   as, a tree decays; fortunes decay; hopes decay.

     Ill  fares  the  land,  to  hastening  ills  a  prey,  Where wealth
     accumulates and men decay. Goldsmith.


   De*cay", v. t.

   1. To cause to decay; to impair. [R.]

     Infirmity, that decays the wise. Shak.

   2. To destroy. [Obs.] Shak.


   De*cay", n.

   1.  Gradual  failure of health, strength, soundness, prosperity, or of
   any  species  of excellence or perfection; tendency toward dissolution
   or extinction; corruption; rottenness; decline; deterioration; as, the
   decay of the body; the decay of virtue; the decay of the Roman empire;
   a castle in decay.

     Perhaps  my  God, though he be far before, May turn, and take me by
     the hand, and more - May strengthen my decays. Herbert.

     His  [Johnson's]  failure  was  not  to be ascribed to intellectual
     decay. Macaulay.

     Which  has  caused  the  decay of the consonants to follow somewhat
     different laws. James Byrne.

   2. Destruction; death. [Obs.] Spenser.

   3. Cause of decay. [R.]

     He  that plots to be the only figure among ciphers, is the decay of
     the whole age. Bacon.

   Syn. -- Decline; consumption. See Decline.


   De*cayed" (?), a. Fallen, as to physical or social condition; affected
   with  decay;  rotten;  as, decayed vegetation or vegetables; a decayed
   fortune or gentleman. -- De*cay"ed*ness (#), n.


   De*cay"er (?), n. A causer of decay. [R.]


   De*cease"  (?),  n. [OE. deses, deces, F. d\'82c\'8as, fr. L. decessus
   departure,  death,  fr.  decedere  to  depart,  die;  de-  + cedere to
   withdraw.  See Cease, Cede.] Departure, especially departure from this
   life; death.

     His decease, which he should accomplish at Jerusalem. Luke ix. 31.

     And  I, the whilst you mourn for his decease, Will with my mourning
     plaints your plaint increase. Spenser.

   Syn. -- Death; departure; dissolution; demise; release. See Death.


   De*cease",  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Deceased  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Deceasing.] To depart from this life; to die; to pass away.

     She's dead, deceased, she's dead. Shak.

     When our summers have deceased. Tennyson.

     Inasmuch  as  he  carries the malignity and the lie with him, he so
     far deceases from nature. Emerson.


   De*ceased"  (?),  a.  Passed  away; dead; gone. The deceased, the dead


   De*cede" (?), v. i. [L. decedere. See Decease, n.] To withdraw. [Obs.]


   De*ce"dent  (?),  a.  [L.  decedens,  p.  pr.  of decedere.] Removing;
   departing. Ash.


   De*ce"dent, n. A deceased person. Bouvier.


   De*ceit"  (?),  n.  [OF. deceit, des, decept (cf. deceite, de), fr. L.
   deceptus deception, fr. decipere. See Deceive.]

   1.  An  attempt  or  disposition  to  deceive  or lead into error; any
   declaration,  artifice, or practice, which misleads another, or causes
   him  to  believe  what is false; a contrivance to entrap; deception; a
   wily device; fraud.

     Making  the  ephah  small  and the shekel great, and falsifying the
     balances by deceit. Amos viii. 5.

     Friendly to man, far from deceit or guile. Milton.

     Yet still we hug the dear deceit. N. Cotton.

   2.  (Law)  Any trick, collusion, contrivance, false representation, or
   underhand  practice,  used  to defraud another. When injury is thereby
   effected,  an  action  of deceit, as it called, lies for compensation.
   Syn.  --  Deception;  fraud;  imposition;  duplicity; trickery; guile;
   falsifying; double-dealing; stratagem. See Deception.


   De*ceit"ful  (?),  a. Full of, or characterized by, deceit; serving to
   mislead or insnare; trickish; fraudulent; cheating; insincere.

     Harboring foul deceitful thoughts. Shak.


   De*ceit"ful*ly, adv. With intent to deceive.


   De*ceit"ful*ness, n.

   1.  The  disposition  to  deceive;  as,  a  man's deceitfulness may be

   2.  The  quality  of being deceitful; as, the deceitfulness of a man's

   3.  Tendency  to  mislead  or  deceive. "The deceitfulness of riches."
   Matt. xiii. 22.


   De*ceit"less, a. Free from deceit. Bp. Hall.


   De*ceiv"a*ble (?), a. [F. d\'82cevable.]

   1. Fitted to deceive; deceitful. [Obs.]

     The fraud of deceivable traditions. Milton.

   2. Subject to deceit; capable of being misled.

     Blind, and thereby deceivable. Milton.


   De*ceiv"a*ble*ness, n.

   1. Capability of deceiving.

     With all deceivableness of unrighteousness. 2 Thess. ii. 10.

   2.  Liability  to  be  deceived or misled; as, the deceivableness of a


   De*ceiv"a*bly, adv. In a deceivable manner.


   De*ceive"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Deceived (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deceiving.]  [OE.  deceveir, F. d\'82cevoir, fr. L. decipere to catch,
   insnare,  deceive;  de-  + capere to take, catch. See Capable, and cf.
   Deceit, Deception.]

   1.  To  lead  into  error;  to  cause  to  believe  what  is false, or
   disbelieve  what  is  true;  to  impose upon; to mislead; to cheat; to
   disappoint; to delude; to insnare.

     Evil  men  and  seducers  shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and
     being deceived. 2 Tim. iii. 13.

     Nimble jugglers that deceive the eye. Shak.

     What  can  'scape  the eye Of God all-seeing, or deceive his heart?

   2. To beguile; to amuse, so as to divert the attention; to while away;
   to take away as if by deception.

     These   occupations   oftentimes   deceived   The   listless  hour.

   3. To deprive by fraud or stealth; to defraud. [Obs.]

     Plant  fruit  trees in large borders, and set therein fine flowers,
     but thin and sparingly, lest they deceive the trees. Bacon.

   Syn. -- Deceive, Delude, Mislead. Deceive is a general word applicable
   to  any  kind of misrepresentation affecting faith or life. To delude,
   primarily,  is  to make sport of, by deceiving, and is accomplished by
   playing  upon  one's  imagination  or  credulity, as by exciting false
   hopes,  causing  him to undertake or expect what is impracticable, and
   making  his  failure ridiculous. It implies some infirmity of judgment
   in  the  victim,  and  intention  to deceive in the deluder. But it is
   often  used  reflexively,  indicating that a person's own weakness has
   made  him  the  sport  of others or of fortune; as, he deluded himself
   with a belief that luck would always favor him. To mislead is to lead,
   guide, or direct in a wrong way, either willfully or ignorantly.


   De*ceiv"er  (?),  n.  One  who  deceives;  one who leads into error; a
   cheat; an impostor.

     The deceived and the deceiver are his. Job xii. 16.

   Syn.  --  Deceiver,  Impostor.  A  deceiver operates by stealth and in
   private  upon  individuals;  an  impostor  practices  his  arts on the
   community  at  large. The one succeeds by artful falsehoods, the other
   by  bold  assumption.  The  faithless  friend and the fickle lover are
   deceivers; the false prophet and the pretended prince are impostors.


   De*cem"ber  (?),  n. [F. d\'82cembre, from L. December, fr. decem ten;
   this  being the tenth month among the early Romans, who began the year
   in March. See Ten.]

   1. The twelfth and last month of the year, containing thirty-one days.
   During this month occurs the winter solstice.

   2.  Fig.:  With  reference  to  the  end of the year and to the winter
   season; as, the December of his life.


   De`cem*den"tate (?), a. [L. decem ten + E. dentate.] Having ten points
   or teeth.


   De*cem"fid  (?), a. [L. decem ten + root of findere to cleave.] (Bot.)
   Cleft into ten parts.


   De`cem*loc"u*lar  (?),  a.  [L. decem ten + E. locular.] (Bot.) Having
   ten cells for seeds.


   De*cem"pe*dal (?), a. [L. decem ten + E. pedal.]

   1. Ten feet in length.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) Having ten feet; decapodal. [R.] Bailey.


   De*cem"vir  (?),  n.; pl. E. Decemvirs (#), L. Decemviri (#). [L., fr.
   decem ten + vir a man.]

   1. One of a body of ten magistrates in ancient Rome.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e title of decemvirs was given to various bodies of
     Roman  magistrates.  The most celebrated decemvirs framed "the laws
     of  the Twelve Tables," about 450 B. C., and had absolute authority
     for three years.

   2. A member of any body of ten men in authority.


   De*cem"vi*ral  (?),  a. [L. decemviralis.] Pertaining to the decemvirs
   in Rome.


   De*cem"vi*rate (?), n. [L. decemviratus.]

   1. The office or term of office of the decemvirs in Rome.

   2. A body of ten men in authority.


   De*cem"vir*ship (?), n. The office of a decemvir. Holland.


   De"cence (?), n. Decency. [Obs.] Dryden.


   De"cen*cy (?), n.; pl. Decencies (#). [L. decentia, fr. decens: cf. F.
   d\'82cence. See Decent.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state of being decent, suitable, or becoming, in
   words  or  behavior;  propriety  of  form  in  social  intercourse, in
   actions,   or  in  discourse;  proper  formality;  becoming  ceremony;
   seemliness; hence, freedom from obscenity or indecorum; modesty.

     Observances of time, place, and of decency in general. Burke.

     Immodest  words admit of no defense, For want of decency is want of
     sense. Roscommon.

   2. That which is proper or becoming.

     The external decencies of worship. Atterbury.

     Those  thousand  decencies,  that daily flow From all her words and
     actions. Milton.


   De"cene   (?),   n.   [L.  decem  ten.]  (Chem.)  One  of  the  higher
   hydrocarbons, C10H20, of the ethylene series.


   De*cen"na*ry  (?),  n.; pl. Decennaries (#). [L. decennium a period of
   ten years; decem ten + annus a year.]

   1. A period of ten years.

   2.  (O.  Eng.  Law)  A tithing consisting of ten neighboring families.


   De*cen"ni*al  (?),  a.  [See  Decennary.]  Consisting  of  ten  years;
   happening  every  ten  years; as, a decennial period; decennial games.


   De*cen"ni*al, n. A tenth year or tenth anniversary.


   De*cen"ni*um  (?),  n.;  pl.  Decenniums  (#), L. Decennia (#). [L.] A
   period  of  ten  years.  "The  present  decennium."  Hallam. "The last
   decennium of Chaucer's life." A. W. Ward.

                            Decennoval, Decennovary

   De*cen"no*val  (?),  De*cen"no*va*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  decem ten + novem
   nine.]  Pertaining  to  the  number  nineteen; of nineteen years. [R.]


   De"cent  (?),  a. [L. decens, decentis, p. pr. of decere to be fitting
   or  becoming; akin to decus glory, honor, ornament, Gr. d to grant, to
   give;  and  perh.  akin  to  E.  attire,  tire:  cf. F. d\'82cent. Cf.
   Decorate, Decorum, Deig.]

   1.  Suitable  in  words,  behavior, dress, or ceremony; becoming; fit;
   decorous; proper; seemly; as, decent conduct; decent language. Shak.

     Before his decent steps. Milton.

   2. Free from immodesty or obscenity; modest.

   3. Comely; shapely; well-formed. [Archaic]

     A  sable  stole  of  cyprus  lawn  Over thy decent shoulders drawn.

     By foreign hands thy decent limbs composed. Pope.

   4.  Moderate,  but  competent;  sufficient; hence, respectable; fairly
   good;  reasonably  comfortable  or satisfying; as, a decent fortune; a
   decent person.

     A decent retreat in the mutability of human affairs. Burke.

   -- De"cent*ly, adv. -- De"cent*ness, n.


   De*cen`tral*i*za"tion  (?),  n.  The  action of decentralizing, or the
   state  of being decentralized. "The decentralization of France." J. P.


   De*cen"tral*ize  (?),  v. t. To prevent from centralizing; to cause to
   withdraw  from  the  center  or  place of concentration; to divide and
   distribute  (what  has  been  united or concentrated); -- esp. said of
   authority, or the administration of public affairs.


   De*cep"ti*ble  (?),  a.  Capable of being deceived; deceivable. Sir T.
   Browne. -- De*cep`ti*bil"i*ty (, n.


   De*cep"tion  (?),  n.  [F.  d\'82ception,  L.  deceptio, fr. decipere,
   deceptum. See Deceive.]

   1. The act of deceiving or misleading. South.

   2. The state of being deceived or misled.

     There  is  one thing relating either to the action or enjoyments of
     man in which he is not liable to deception. South.

   3.   That   which   deceives   or   is   intended  to  deceive;  false
   representation; artifice; cheat; fraud.

     There was of course room for vast deception. Motley.

   Syn. -- Deception, Deceit, Fraud, Imposition. Deception usually refers
   to  the  act, and deceit to the habit of the mind; hence we speak of a
   person as skilled in deception and addicted to deceit. The practice of
   deceit springs altogether from design, and that of the worst kind; but
   a  deception  does  not  always  imply  aim  and  intention. It may be
   undesigned  or  accidental.  An  imposition  is  an  act  of deception
   practiced  upon  some  one to his annoyance or injury; a fraud implies
   the use of stratagem, with a view to some unlawful gain or advantage.


   De*cep"tious  (?),  a.  [LL.  deceptiosus.] Tending deceive; delusive.

     As if those organs had deceptious functions. Shak.


   De*cep"tive  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82ceptif. See Deceive.] Tending to
   deceive;  having power to mislead, or impress with false opinions; as,
   a deceptive countenance or appearance.

     Language  altogether  deceptive, and hiding the deeper reality from
     our eyes. Trench.

   Deceptive  cadence  (Mus.),  a  cadence on the subdominant, or in some
   foreign key, postponing the final close.


   De*cep"tive*ly, adv. In a manner to deceive.


   De*cep"tive*ness,  n.  The  power  or  habit of deceiving; tendency or
   aptness to deceive.


   De`cep*tiv"i*ty  (?),  n.  Deceptiveness;  a  deception;  a sham. [R.]


   De*cep"to*ry (?), a. [L. deceptorius, from decipere.] Deceptive. [R.]


   De*cern" (?), v. t. [L. decernere. See Decree.]

   1. To perceive, discern, or decide. [Obs.] Granmer.

   2. (Scots Law) To decree; to adjudge.

   Page 376


   De*cern"i*ture  (?;  135),  n.  (Scots  Law) A decree or sentence of a
   court. Stormonth.


   De*cerp"  (?),  v. t. [L. decerpere; de- + carpere to pluck.] To pluck
   off; to crop; to gather. [Obs.]


   De*cerpt"  (?),  a. [L. decerptus, p. p. of decerpere.] Plucked off or
   away. [Obs.]


   De*cerp"ti*ble (?), a. That may be plucked off, cropped, or torn away.
   [Obs.] Bailey.


   De*cerp"tion (?), n.

   1. The act of plucking off; a cropping.

   2.  That  which  is  plucked  off  or  rent away; a fragment; a piece.


   De`cer*ta"tion  (?), n. [L. decertatio, fr. decertare, decertatum; de-
   +  certare  to contend.] Contest for mastery; contention; strife. [R.]


   De*ces"sion (?), n. [L. decessio, fr. decedere to depart. See Decease,
   n.] Departure; decrease; -- opposed to accesion. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.


   De*charm"  (?), v. t. [Cf. F. d\'82charmer. See Charm.] To free from a
   charm; to disenchant.


   De*chris"tian*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dechristianized (?); p. pr.
   & vb. n. Dechristianizing.] To turn from, or divest of, Christianity.


   De*cid"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being decided; determinable.


   De*cide"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Decided; p. pr. & vb. n. Deciding.]
   [L. dec\'c6dere; de- + caedere to cut, cut off; prob. akin to E. shed,
   v.: cf. F. d\'82cider. Cf. Decision.]

   1. To cut off; to separate. [Obs.]

     Our seat denies us traffic here; The sea, too near, decides us from
     the rest. Fuller.

   2. To bring to a termination, as a question, controversy, struggle, by
   giving   the  victory  to  one  side  or  party;  to  render  judgment
   concerning; to determine; to settle.

     So shall thy judgment be; thyself hast decided it. 1 Kings xx. 40.

     The  quarrel  toucheth  none but us alone; Betwixt ourselves let us
     decide it then. Shak.


   De*cide", v. i. To determine; to form a definite opinion; to come to a
   conclusion;  to  give  decision; as, the court decided in favor of the

     Who shall decide, when doctors disagree? Pope.


   De*cid"ed (?), a.

   1.  Free  from  ambiguity;  unequivocal; unmistakable; unquestionable;
   clear;  evident;  as,  a  decided advantage. "A more decided taste for
   science." Prescott.

   2.  Free  from  doubt or wavering; determined; of fixed purpose; fully
   settled; positive; resolute; as, a decided opinion or purpose. Syn. --
   Decided,  Decisive.  We call a thing decisive when it has the power or
   quality  of deciding; as, a decisive battle; we speak of it as decided
   when  it  is  so  fully  settled  as to leave no room for doubt; as, a
   decided  preference,  a  decided aversion. Hence, a decided victory is
   one  about which there is no question; a decisive victory is one which
   ends  the  contest. Decisive is applied only to things; as, a decisive
   sentence,  a  decisive decree, a decisive judgment. Decided is applied
   equally  to  persons  and things. Thus we speak of a man as decided in
   his  whole  of  conduct; and as having a decided disgust, or a decided
   reluctance,  to  certain  measures.  "A  politic  caution,  a  guarded
   circumspection, were among the ruling principles of our forefathers in
   their  most decided conduct." Burke. "The sentences of superior judges
   are final, decisive, and irrevocable. Blackstone.


   De*cid"ed*ly,   adv.  In  a  decided  manner;  indisputably;  clearly;


   De*cide"ment (?), n. Means of forming a decision. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Dec"i*dence (?), n. [L. decidens falling off.] A falling off. [R.] Sir
   T. Browne.


   De*cid"er (?), n. One who decides.


   De*cid"u*a (?; 135), n. [NL., fr. L. deciduus. See Deciduous.] (Anat.)
   The  inner layer of the wall of the uterus, which envelops the embryo,
   forms a part of the placenta, and is discharged with it.


   De*cid`u*a"ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.]  (Zo\'94l.) A group of Mammalia in
   which  a  decidua  is  thrown off with, or after, the fetus, as in the
   human species.


   De*cid"u*ate (?; 135), a. (Anat.) Possessed of, or characterized by, a


   Dec`i*du"i*ty (?), n. Deciduousness. [R.]


   De*cid"u*ous  (?;  135),  a.  [L. deciduus, fr. dec to fall off; de- +
   cadere  to  fall. See Chance.] (Biol.) Falling off, or subject to fall
   or  be  shed,  at  a certain season, or a certain stage or interval of
   growth,  as  leaves  (except  of evergreens) in autumn, or as parts of
   animals,  such as hair, teeth, antlers, etc.; also, shedding leaves or
   parts  at  certain seasons, stages, or intervals; as, deciduous trees;
   the deciduous membrane.


   De*cid"u*ous*ness, n. The quality or state of being deciduous.

                             Decigram, Decigramme

   Dec"i*gram,  Dec"i*gramme  (?),  n.  [F. d\'82cigramme; pref. d\'82ci-
   tenth  (fr.  L. decimus) + gramme.] A weight in the metric system; one
   tenth of a gram, equal to 1.5432 grains avoirdupois.

                                 Decil, Decile

   Dec"il,  Dec"ile  (?),  n.  [F.  d\'82cil,  fr.  L.  decem tendecile.]
   (Astrol.)  An aspect or position of two planets, when they are distant
   from each other a tenth part of the zodiac, or 36.

                             Deciliter, Decilitre

   Dec"i*li`ter,  Dec"i*li`tre  (?),  n. [F. d\'82cilitre; pref. d\'82ci-
   tenth  (L.  decimus)  +  litre.  See  Liter.] A measure of capacity or
   volume  in  the  metric  system; one tenth of a liter, equal to 6.1022
   cubic inches, or 3.38 fluid ounces.


   De*cil"lion  (?), n. [L. decem ten + the ending of million.] According
   to  the  English notation, a million involved to the tenth power, or a
   unit  with sixty ciphers annexed; according to the French and American
   notation,  a  thousand  involved to the eleventh power, or a unit with
   thirty-three ciphers annexed. [See the Note under Numeration.]


   De*cil"lionth (?), a. Pertaining to a decillion, or to the quotient of
   unity divided by a decillion.


   De*cil"lionth  (?),  n.  (a)  The  quotient  of  unity  divided  by  a
   decillion. (b) One of a decillion equal parts.


   Dec"i*mal  (?),  a. [F. d\'82cimal (cf. LL. decimalis), fr. L. decimus
   tenth,  fr.  decem  ten.  See  Ten, and cf. Dime.] Of or pertaining to
   decimals; numbered or proceeding by tens; having a tenfold increase or
   decrease, each unit being ten times the unit next smaller; as, decimal
   notation;   a   decimal   coinage.   Decimal  arithmetic,  the  common
   arithmetic, in which numeration proceeds by tens. -- Decimal fraction,
   a fraction in which the denominator is some power of 10, as -- Decimal
   point,  a  dot  or  full  stop  at the left of a decimal fraction. The
   figures  at the left of the point represent units or whole numbers, as


   Dec"i*mal,  n.  A number expressed in the scale of tens; specifically,
   and  almost  exclusively,  used as synonymous with a decimal fraction.
   Circulating,  OR Circulatory, decimal, a decimal fraction in which the
   same   figure,   or  set  of  figures,  is  constantly  repeated;  as,
   0.354354354;  -- called also recurring decimal, repeating decimal, and


   Dec"i*mal*ism  (?),  n.  The  system  of  a  decimal currency, decimal
   weights, measures, etc.


   Dec"i*mal*ize  (?),  v.  t.  To  reduce  to  a  decimal system; as, to
   decimalize the currency. -- Dec`i*mal*i*za"tion (#), n.


   Dec"i*mal*ly, adv. By tens; by means of decimals.


   Dec"i*mate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Decimated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Decimating  (?).]  [L.  decimatus,  p.  p. of decimare to decimate (in
   senses 1 & 2), fr. decimus tenth. See Decimal.]

   1. To take the tenth part of; to tithe. Johnson.

   2.  To  select by lot and punish with death every tenth man of; as, to
   decimate a regiment as a punishment for mutiny. Macaulay.

   3.  To  destroy  a  considerable  part  of; as, to decimate an army in
   battle; to decimate a people by disease.


   Dec`i*ma"tion (?), n. [L. decimatio: cf. F. d\'82cimation.]

   1. A tithing. [Obs.] State Trials (1630).

   2. A selection of every tenth person by lot, as for punishment. Shak.

   3. The destruction of any large proportion, as of people by pestilence
   or war. Milman.


   Dec"i*ma`tor (?), n. [Cf. LL. decimator.] One who decimates. South.


   D\'82`cime"  (?),  n.  [F.]  A French coin, the tenth part of a franc,
   equal to about two cents.

                             Decimeter, Decimetre

   Dec"i*me`ter, Dec"i*me`tre (?), n. [F. d\'82cim\'8atre; pref. d\'82ci-
   tenth  (fr. L. decimus) + m\'8atre. See Meter.] A measure of length in
   the metric system; one tenth of a meter, equal to 3.937 inches.


   Dec`i*mo*sex"to  (?),  n. [Prop., in sixteenth; fr. L. decimus tenth +
   sextus  sixth.]  A  book consisting of sheets, each of which is folded
   into  sixteen  leaves;  hence,  indicating, more or less definitely, a
   size of book; -- usually written 16mo or 16.


   Dec`i*mo*sex"to,   a.   Having  sixteen  leaves  to  a  sheet;  as,  a
   decimosexto form, book, leaf, size.


   De"cine  (?;  104),  n. [From L. decem ten.] (Chem.) One of the higher
   hydrocarbons,   C10H15,  of  the  acetylene  series;  --  called  also


   De*ci"pher  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Deciphered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deciphering.]   [Pref.  de-  +  cipher.  Formed  in  imitation  of  F.
   d\'82chiffrer. See Cipher.]

   1.  To  translate  from secret characters or ciphers into intelligible
   terms; as, to decipher a letter written in secret characters.

   2. To find out, so as to be able to make known the meaning of; to make
   out  or read, as words badly written or partly obliterated; to detect;
   to reveal; to unfold.

   3. To stamp; to detect; to discover. [R.]

     You are both deciphered, . . . For villains. Shak.


   De*ci"pher*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being deciphered; as, old writings
   not decipherable.


   De*ci"pher*er (?), n. One who deciphers.


   De*ci"pher*ess (?), n. A woman who deciphers.


   De*ci"pher*ment (?), n. The act of deciphering.


   De*cip"i*en*cy  (?),  n.  [L.  decipiens,  p.  pr.  of  decipere.  See
   Deceive.]  State  of  being  deceived;  hallucination.  [Obs.]  Sir T.


   De*cip"i*um  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  L.  decipere to deceive.] (Chem.) A
   supposed  rare  element,  said  to be associated with cerium, yttrium,
   etc.,  in  the  mineral samarskite, and more recently called samarium.
   Symbol Dp. See Samarium.


   De*ci"sion  (?),  n.  [L.  decisio,  fr.  dec\'c6dere, decisum: cf. F.
   d\'82cision. See Decide.]

   1. Cutting off; division; detachment of a part. [Obs.] Bp. Pearson.

   2.  The  act  of  deciding;  act  of  settling  or  terminating,  as a
   controversy, by giving judgment on the matter at issue; determination,
   as of a question or doubt; settlement; conclusion.

     The decision of some dispute. Atterbury.

   3.  An  account  or  report  of  a  conclusion,  especially of a legal
   adjudication  or  judicial determination of a question or cause; as, a
   decision of arbitrators; a decision of the Supreme Court.

   4.  The  quality  of  being  decided;  prompt and fixed determination;
   unwavering firmness; as, to manifest great decision. Syn. -- Decision,
   Determination,  Resolution.  Each of these words has two meanings, one
   implying the act of deciding, determining, or resolving; and the other
   a  habit  of  mind as to doing. It is in the last sense that the words
   are  here  compared.  Decision  is  a  cutting  short. It implies that
   several  courses  of  action have been presented to the mind, and that
   the  choice  is  now  finally made. It supposes, therefore, a union of
   promptitude  and  energy.  Determination is the natural consequence of
   decision.  It  is  the  settling  of  a  thing with a fixed purpose to
   adhere.  Resolution  is  the  necessary  result  in  a  mind  which is
   characterized  by  firmness.  It is a spirit which scatters (resolves)
   all  doubt,  and  is ready to face danger or suffering in carrying out
   one's  determinations. Martin Luther was equally distinguished for his
   prompt  decision,  his  steadfast  determination,  and  his inflexible


   De*ci*sive (?), a. [Cf. F. d\'82cisif. See Decision.]

   1.  Having the power or quality of deciding a question or controversy;
   putting  an  end  to  contest  or  controversy;  final; conclusive. "A
   decisive,  irrevocable  doom."  Bates.  "Decisive campaign." Macaulay.
   "Decisive proof." Hallam.

   2. Marked by promptness and decision.

     A  noble  instance  of this attribute of the decisive character. J.

   Syn.  -- Decided; positive; conclusive. See Decided. -- De*ci"sive*ly,
   adv. -- De*ci"sive*ness, n.


   De*ci"so*ry  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82cisoire.  See Decision.] Able to
   decide or determine; having a tendency to decide. [R.]


   Dec"i*stere  (?), n. [F. d\'82cist\'8are; pref. d\'82ci- tenth (fr. L.
   decimus)  +  st\'8are  a stere.] (Metric System) The tenth part of the
   stere or cubic meter, equal to 3.531 cubic feet. See Stere.


   De*cit"i*zen*ize  (?),  v. t. To deprive of the rights of citizenship.

     We  have no law -- as the French have -- to decitizenize a citizen.
     Edw. Bates.


   De*civ"i*lize  (?),  v.  t.  To  reduce  from civilization to a savage
   state. [R.] Blackwood's Mag.


   Deck  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Decked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Decking.]
   [D. dekken to cover; akin to E. thatch. See Thatch.]

   1. To cover; to overspread.

     To deck with clouds the uncolored sky. Milton.

   2. To dress, as the person; to clothe; especially, to clothe with more
   than ordinary elegance; to array; to adorn; to embellish.

     Deck thyself now with majesty and excellency. Job xl. 10.

     And deck my body in gay ornaments. Shak.

     The dew with spangles decked the ground. Dryden.

   3. To furnish with a deck, as a vessel.


   Deck, n. [D. dek. See Deck, v.]

   1. The floorlike covering of the horizontal sections, or compartments,
   of  a ship. Small vessels have only one deck; larger ships have two or
   three decks.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e fo llowing are the more common names of the decks
     of vessels having more than one.

   Berth  deck (Navy), a deck next below the gun deck, where the hammocks
   of  the  crew  are swung. -- Boiler deck (River Steamers), the deck on
   which  the boilers are placed. -- Flush deck, any continuous, unbroken
   deck  from  stem  to  stern. -- Gun deck (Navy), a deck below the spar
   deck,  on  which  the  ship's  guns  are carried. If there are two gun
   decks, the upper one is called the main deck, the lower, the lower gun
   deck;  if  there  are  three,  one  is  called the middle gun deck. --
   Half-deck,  that portion of the deck next below the spar deck which is
   between the mainmast and the cabin. -- Hurricane deck (River Steamers,
   etc.),  the  upper deck, usually a light deck, erected above the frame
   of  the  hull.  --  Orlop  deck,  the deck or part of a deck where the
   cables  are  stowed,  usually  below the water line. -- Poop deck, the
   deck forming the roof of a poop or poop cabin, built on the upper deck
   and  extending  from  the mizzenmast aft. -- Quarter-deck, the part of
   the  upper deck abaft the mainmast, including the poop deck when there
   is  one.  --  Spar  deck.  (a) Same as the upper deck. (b) Sometimes a
   light deck fitted over the upper deck. -- Upper deck, the highest deck
   of the hull, extending from stem to stern.

   2.  (arch.)  The upper part or top of a mansard roof or curb roof when
   made nearly flat.

   3. (Railroad) The roof of a passenger car.

   4. A pack or set of playing cards.

     The king was slyly fingered from the deck. Shak.

   5. A heap or store. [Obs.]

     Who . . . hath such trinkets Ready in the deck. Massinger.

   Between   decks.   See   under   Between.  --  Deck  bridge  (Railroad
   Engineering),  a bridge which carries the track upon the upper chords;
   --  distinguished  from a through bridge, which carries the track upon
   the  lower  chords,  between the girders. -- Deck curb (Arch.), a curb
   supporting a deck in roof construction. -- Deck floor (Arch.), a floor
   which  serves also as a roof, as of a belfry or balcony. -- Deck hand,
   a  sailor  hired  to help on the vessel's deck, but not expected to go
   aloft.  --  Deck  molding  (Arch.), the molded finish of the edge of a
   deck,  making  the  junction with the lower slope of the roof. -- Deck
   roof  (Arch.),  a  nearly flat roof which is not surmounted by parapet
   walls. -- Deck transom (Shipbuilding), the transom into which the deck
   is  framed. -- To clear the decks (Naut.), to remove every unnecessary
   incumbrance  in  preparation  for battle; to prepare for action. -- To
   sweep  the  deck  (Card  Playing),  to clear off all the stakes on the
   table by winning them.


   Deck"el (?), n. (Paper Making) Same as Deckle.


   Deck"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who,  or  that which, decks or adorns; a coverer; as, a table

   2.  A  vessel  which has a deck or decks; -- used esp. in composition;
   as, a single-decker; a three-decker.


   Dec"kle  (?), n. [Cf. G. deckel cover, lid.] (Paper Making) A separate
   thin wooden frame used to form the border of a hand mold, or a curb of
   India  rubber or other material which rests on, and forms the edge of,
   the  mold  in  a  paper machine and determines the width of the paper.
   [Spelt also deckel, and deckle.]


   De*claim"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Declaimed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Declaiming.]  [L.  declamare;  de-  +  clamare  to  cry  out:  cf.  F.
   d\'82clamer. See Claim.]

   1.  To  speak  rhetorically;  to  make  a formal speech or oration; to
   harangue; specifically, to recite a speech, poem, etc., in public as a
   rhetorical  exercise;  to  practice  public speaking; as, the students
   declaim twice a week.

   2.  To  speak  for rhetorical display; to speak pompously, noisily, or
   theatrically;  to make an empty speech; to rehearse trite arguments in
   debate; to rant.

     Grenville  seized  the  opportunity to declaim on the repeal of the
     stamp act. Bancroft.

   Page 377


   De*claim" (?), v. t.

   1. To utter in public; to deliver in a rhetorical or set manner.

   2.  To defend by declamation; to advocate loudly. [Obs.] "Declaims his
   cause." South.


   De*claim"ant (?), n. A declaimer. [R.]


   De*claim"er (?), n. One who declaims; an haranguer.


   Dec`la*ma"tion   (?),  n.  [L.  declamatio,  from  declamare:  cf.  F.
   d\'82clamation. See Declaim.]

   1. The act or art of declaiming; rhetorical delivery; haranguing; loud
   speaking  in  public; especially, the public recitation of speeches as
   an  exercise  in schools and colleges; as, the practice declamation by

     The public listened with little emotion, but with much civility, to
     five acts of monotonous declamation. Macaulay.

   2. A set or harangue; declamatory discourse.

   3.  Pretentious  rhetorical  display,  with more sound than sense; as,
   mere declamation.


   Dec"la*ma`tor (?), n. [L.] A declaimer. [R.] Sir T. Elyot.


   De*clam"a*to*ry (?), a. [L. declamatorius: cf. F. d\'82clamatoire.]

   1.  Pertaining to declamation; treated in the manner of a rhetorician;
   as, a declamatory theme.

   2.  Characterized  by  rhetorical  display;  pretentiously rhetorical;
   without  solid  sense or argument; bombastic; noisy; as, a declamatory
   way or style.


   De*clar"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being declared. Sir T. Browne.


   De*clar"ant  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82clarant, p. pr. of d\'82clarer.]
   (Law) One who declares. Abbott.


   Dec`la*ra"tion  (?),  n.  [F.  d\'82claration,  fr. L. declaratio, fr.
   declarare. See Declare.]

   1.  The  act of declaring, or publicly announcing; explicit asserting;
   undisguised   token  of  a  ground  or  side  taken  on  any  subject;
   proclamation;  exposition;  as,  the  declaration  of  an  opinion;  a
   declaration of war, etc.

   2.  That  which  is  declared  or  proclaimed;  announcement; distinct
   statement; formal expression; avowal.

     Declarations of mercy and love . . . in the Gospel. Tillotson.

   3.   The   document   or   instrument  containing  such  statement  or
   proclamation;  as,  the  Declaration of Independence (now preserved in

     In  1776  the  Americans laid before Europe that noble Declaration,
     which  ought  to  be  hung  up  in  the  nursery of every king, and
     blazoned on the porch of every royal palace. Buckle.

   4. (Law) That part of the process in which the plaintiff sets forth in
   order  and  at  large  his  cause  of  complaint; the narration of the
   plaintiff's case containing the count, or counts. See Count, n., 3.
   Declaration  of Independence. (Amer. Hist.) See under Independence. --
   Declaration  of rights. (Eng. Hist) See Bill of rights, under Bill. --
   Declaration  of  trust  (Law),  a  paper  subscribed  by  a grantee of
   property, acknowledging that he holds it in trust for the purposes and
   upon the terms set forth. Abbott.


   De*clar"a*tive  (?),  a.  [L.  declarativus,  fr.  declarare:  cf.  F.
   d\'82claratif.]  Making  declaration,  proclamation,  or  publication;
   explanatory; assertive; declaratory. "Declarative laws." Baker.

     The "vox populi," so declarative on the same side. Swift.


   De*clar"a*tive*ly,  adv.  By distinct assertion; not impliedly; in the
   form of a declaration.

     The priest shall expiate it, that is, declaratively. Bates.


   Dec"la*ra`tor (?), n. [L., an announcer.] (Scots Law) A form of action
   by which some right or interest is sought to be judicially declared.


   De*clar"a*to*ri*ly (?), adv. In a declaratory manner.


   De*clar"a*to*ry  (?), a. [Cf. F. d\'82claratoire.] Making declaration,
   explanation,  or  exhibition;  making  clear or manifest; affirmative;
   expressive;  as,  a clause declaratory of the will of the legislature.
   Declaratory  act  (Law),  an  act  or  statute  which  sets forth more
   clearly, and declares what is, the existing law.


   De*clare"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Declared (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Declaring.]  [F.  d\'82clarer, from L. declarare; de + clarare to make
   clear, clarus, clear, bright. See Clear.]

   1.  To  make  clear; to free from obscurity. [Obs.] "To declare this a
   little." Boyle.

   2.  To  make  known by language; to communicate or manifest explicitly
   and  plainly  in  any  way;  to  exhibit;  to publish; to proclaim; to

     This day I have begot whom I declare My only Son. Milton.

     The heavens declare the glory of God. Ps. xix. 1.

   3.  To  make  declaration  of;  to assert; to affirm; to set forth; to
   avow; as, he declares the story to be false.

     I the Lord . . . declare things that are right. Isa. xlv. 19.

   4.  (Com.)  To make full statement of, as goods, etc., for the purpose
   of paying taxes, duties, etc.
   To  declare  off,  to recede from an agreement, undertaking, contract,
   etc.; to renounce. -- To declare one's self, to avow one's opinion; to
   show openly what one thinks, or which side he espouses.


   De*clare", v. i.

   1.  To make a declaration, or an open and explicit avowal; to proclaim
   one's self; -- often with for or against; as, victory declares against
   the allies.

     Like  fawning  courtiers,  for  success  they  wait,  And then come
     smiling, and declare for fate. Dryden.

   2.  (Law)  To  state the plaintiff's cause of action at law in a legal
   form; as, the plaintiff declares in trespass.


   De*clar"ed*ly (?), adv. Avowedly; explicitly.


   De*clar"ed*ness, n. The state of being declared.


   De*clare"ment (?), n. Declaration. [Obs.]


   De*clar"er  (?),  n.  One  who  makes  known  or proclaims; that which
   exhibits. Udall.


   De*clen"sion  (?), n. [Apparently corrupted fr. F. d\'82clinaison, fr.
   L. declinatio, fr. declinare. See Decline, and cf. Declination.]

   1. The act or the state of declining; declination; descent; slope.

     The declension of the land from that place to the sea. T. Burnet.

   2.  A  falling  off  towards  a  worse  state;  a  downward  tendency;
   deterioration;  decay;  as, the declension of virtue, of science, of a
   state, etc.

     Seduced   the  pitch  and  height  of  all  his  thoughts  To  base
     declension. Shak.

   3.  Act  of  courteously  refusing;  act  of declining; a declinature;
   refusal; as, the declension of a nomination.

   4. (Gram.) (a) Inflection of nouns, adjectives, etc., according to the
   grammatical  cases.  (b) The form of the inflection of a word declined
   by cases; as, the first or the second declension of nouns, adjectives,
   etc. (c) Rehearsing a word as declined.

     NOTE: &hand; The nominative was held to be the primary and original
     form,  and  was likened to a perpendicular line; the variations, or
     oblique  cases,  were  regarded  as  fallings  (hence called casus,
     cases,  or  fallings)  from the nominative or perpendicular; and an
     enumerating  of  the  various  forms,  being  a sort of progressive
     descent from the noun's upright form, was called a declension.

   Harris. Declension of the needle, declination of the needle.


   De*clen"sion*al (?), a. Belonging to declension.

     Declensional and syntactical forms. M. Arnold.


   De*clin"a*ble  (?), a. [Cf. F. d\'82clinable. See Decline.] Capable of
   being  declined; admitting of declension or inflection; as, declinable
   parts of speech.


   De*clin"al (?), a. Declining; sloping.


   Dec"li*nate  (?), a. [L. declinatus, p. p. of declinare. See Decline.]
   Bent downward or aside; (Bot.) bending downward in a curve; declined.


   Dec`li*na"tion  (?),  n.  [L. declinatio a bending aside, an avoiding:
   cf. F. d\'82clination a decadence. See Declension.]

   1.  The act or state of bending downward; inclination; as, declination
   of the head.

   2.  The  act  or  state of falling off or declining from excellence or
   perfection;   deterioration;   decay;  decline.  "The  declination  of
   monarchy." Bacon.

     Summer  .  .  . is not looked on as a time Of declination or decay.

   3.  The  act of deviating or turning aside; oblique motion; obliquity;

     The declination of atoms in their descent. Bentley.

     Every declination and violation of the rules. South.

   4.  The  act  or  state of declining or refusing; withdrawal; refusal;

     The queen's declination from marriage. Stow.

   5.  (Astron.)  The  angular  distance of any object from the celestial
   equator, either northward or southward.

   6.  (Dialing)  The  arc of the horizon, contained between the vertical
   plane  and  the  prime  vertical  circle, if reckoned from the east or
   west,  or  between the meridian and the plane, reckoned from the north
   or south.

   7.  (Gram.)  The act of inflecting a word; declension. See Decline, v.
   t., 4.
   Angle  of  declination, the angle made by a descending line, or plane,
   with  a  horizontal plane. -- Circle of declination, a circle parallel
   to  the celestial equator. -- Declination compass (Physics), a compass
   arranged  for  finding  the  declination  of  the  magnetic needle. --
   Declination  of  the compass OR needle, the horizontal angle which the
   magnetic needle makes with the true north-and-south line.


   Dec"li*na`tor (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82clinateur. See Decline.]

   1.  An  instrument  for  taking the declination or angle which a plane
   makes with the horizontal plane.

   2. A dissentient. [R.] Bp. Hacket.


   De*clin"a*to*ry (?; 277), a. [LL. declinatorius, fr. L. declinare: cf.
   F. d\'82clinatoire.] Containing or involving a declination or refusal,
   as of submission to a charge or sentence. Blackstone. Declinatory plea
   (O.  Eng.  Law), the plea of sanctuary or of benefit of clergy, before
   trial or conviction; -- now abolished.


   De*clin"a*ture  (?; 135), n. The act of declining or refusing; as, the
   declinature of an office.


   De*cline"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Declined (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Declining.] [OE. declinen to bend down, lower, sink, decline (a noun),
   F.  d\'82cliner  to  decline,  refuse, fr. L. declinare to turn aside,
   inflect  (a  part of speech), avoid; de- + clinare to incline; akin to
   E. lean. See Lean, v. i.]

   1.  To  bend,  or lean downward; to take a downward direction; to bend
   over  or hang down, as from weakness, weariness, despondency, etc.; to
   condescend. "With declining head." Shak.

     He  .  .  .  would  decline  even to the lowest of his family. Lady

     Disdaining  to  decline,  Slowly he falls, amidst triumphant cries.

     The  ground  at  length  became broken and declined rapidly. Sir W.

   2. To tend or draw towards a close, decay, or extinction; to tend to a
   less  perfect  state;  to  become  diminished or impaired; to fail; to
   sink;  to  diminish; to lessen; as, the day declines; virtue declines;
   religion declines; business declines.

     That  empire  must  decline  Whose  chief support and sinews are of
     coin. Waller.

     And presume to know . . . Who thrives, and who declines. Shak.

   3.  To  turn  or  bend aside; to deviate; to stray; to withdraw; as, a
   line that declines from straightness; conduct that declines from sound

     Yet do I not decline from thy testimonies. Ps. cxix. 157.

   4.  To  turn  away;  to  shun; to refuse; -- the opposite of accept or
   consent; as, he declined, upon principle.


   De*cline", v. t.

   1.  To  bend downward; to bring down; to depress; to cause to bend, or

     In melancholy deep, with head declined. Thomson.

     And  now  fair  Phoebus gan decline in haste His weary wagon to the
     western vale. Spenser.

   2.  To  cause  to  decrease or diminish. [Obs.] "You have declined his
   means." Beau. & Fl.

     He knoweth his error, but will not seek to decline it. Burton.

   3.  To  put  or  turn  aside;  to  turn off or away from; to refuse to
   undertake or comply with; reject; to shun; to avoid; as, to decline an
   offer; to decline a contest; he declined any participation with them.

     Could I Decline this dreadful hour? Massinger.

   4. (Gram.) To inflect, or rehearse in order the changes of grammatical
   form of; as, to decline a noun or an adjective.

     NOTE: &hand; Now restricted to such words as have case inflections;
     but formerly it was applied both to declension and conjugation.

     After the first declining of a noun and a verb. Ascham.

   5.  To  run  through  from  first  to last; to repeat like a schoolboy
   declining a noun. [R.] Shak.


   De*cline" (?), n. [F. d\'82clin. See Decline, v. i.]

   1.  A  falling  off; a tendency to a worse state; diminution or decay;
   deterioration;  also,  the  period  when  a  thing  is  tending toward
   extinction  or  a  less  perfect  state;  as, the decline of life; the
   decline of strength; the decline of virtue and religion.

     Their fathers lived in the decline of literature. Swift.

   2.  (Med.)  That  period  of  a disorder or paroxysm when the symptoms
   begin to abate in violence; as, the decline of a fever.

   3.  A  gradual sinking and wasting away of the physical faculties; any
   wasting  disease, esp. pulmonary consumption; as, to die of a decline.
   Dunglison.  Syn.  --  Decline,  Decay,  Consumption. Decline marks the
   first  stage in a downward progress; decay indicates the second stage,
   and  denotes  a  tendency to ultimate destruction; consumption marks a
   steady  decay  from an internal exhaustion of strength. The health may
   experience  a decline from various causes at any period of life; it is
   naturally  subject  to  decay with the advance of old age; consumption
   may  take place at almost any period of life, from disease which wears
   out  the  constitution.  In  popular language decline is often used as
   synonymous   with  consumption.  By  a  gradual  decline,  states  and
   communities  lose their strength and vigor; by progressive decay, they
   are   stripped   of  their  honor,  stability,  and  greatness;  by  a
   consumption  of their resources and vital energy, they are led rapidly
   on to a completion of their existence.


   De*clined" (?), a. Declinate.


   De*clin"er (?), n. He who declines or rejects.

     A studious decliner of honors. Evelyn.


   Dec`li*nom"e*ter  (?),  n. [Decline + -meter.] (Physics) An instrument
   for measuring the declination of the magnetic needle.


   De*clin"ous (?), a. Declinate.

                            Declivitous, Declivous

   De*cliv"i*tous   (?),   De*cli"vous   (?),  a.  Descending  gradually;
   moderately steep; sloping; downhill.


   De*cliv"i*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Declivities  (#).  [L.  declivitas,  fr.
   declivis  sloping,  downhill;  de  +  clivus  a slope, a hill; akin to
   clinare to incline: cf. F. d\'82clivit\'82. See Decline.]

   1.  Deviation  from  a  horizontal  line;  gradual descent of surface;
   inclination  downward;  slope; -- opposed to acclivity, or ascent; the
   same  slope,  considered  as  descending,  being  a  declivity, which,
   considered as ascending, is an acclivity.

   2. A descending surface; a sloping place.

     Commodious  declivities and channels for the passage of the waters.


   De*coct"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Decocted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Decocting.]  [L.  decoctus,  p.  p.  of  decoquere to boil down; de- +
   coquere to cook, boil. See Cook to decoct.]

   1.  To  prepare  by  boiling;  to  digest  in hot or boiling water; to
   extract the strength or flavor of by boiling; to make an infusion of.

   2.  To prepare by the heat of the stomach for assimilation; to digest;
   to concoct.

   3.  To warm, strengthen, or invigorate, as if by boiling. [R.] "Decoct
   their cold blood." Shak.


   De*coct"i*ble (?), a. Capable of being boiled or digested.


   De*coc"tion (?), n. [F. d\'82coction, L. decoctio.]

   1. The act or process of boiling anything in a watery fluid to extract
   its virtues.

     In  decoction . . . it either purgeth at the top or settleth at the
     bottom. Bacon.

   2. An extract got from a body by boiling it in water.

     If  the plant be boiled in water, the strained liquor is called the
     decoction of the plant. Arbuthnot.

     In pharmacy decoction is opposed to infusion, where there is merely
     steeping. Latham.


   De*coc"ture (?; 135), n. A decoction. [R.]


   De*col"late  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Decollated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Decollating.]  [L.  decollatus,  p.  p.  of decollare to behead; de- +
   collum neck.] To sever from the neck; to behead; to decapitate.

     The decollated head of St. John the Baptist. Burke.


   De*col"la*ted  (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Decapitated; worn or cast off in the
   process of growth, as the apex of certain univalve shells.


   De`col*la"tion (?), n. [L. decollatio: cf. F. d\'82collation.]

   1.  The  act of beheading or state of one beheaded; -- especially used
   of the execution of St. John the Baptist.

   2. A painting representing the beheading of a saint or martyr, esp. of
   St. John the Baptist.


   D\'82`col`le*t\'82"  (?),  a.  [F., p. p. of d\'82colleter to bare the
   neck  and  shoulders;  d\'82-  +  collet  collar, fr. L. collum neck.]
   Leaving  the  neck  and  shoulders  uncovered; cut low in the neck, or
   low-necked, as a dress.


   De*col"ling (?), n. Beheading. [R.]

     By  a  speedy  dethroning  and decolling of the king. Parliamentary
     History (1648).


   De*col"or  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82colorer,  L.  decolorare.  Cf.
   Discolor.] To deprive of color; to bleach.


   De*col"or*ant (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82colorant, p. pr.] A substance which
   removes color, or bleaches.


   De*col"or*ate  (?), a. [L. decoloratus, p. p. of decolorare.] Deprived
   of color.


   De*col"or*ate (?), v. t. To decolor.

   Page 378


   De*col`or*a"tion (?), n. [L. decoloratio: cf. F. d\'82coloration.] The
   removal or absence of color. Ferrand.


   De*col"or*ize  (?),  v.  t. To deprive of color; to whiten. Turner. --
   De*col`or*i*za"tion (#), n.


   De"com*plex`  (?),  a.  [Pref.  de-  (intens.)  + complex.] Repeatedly
   compound; made up of complex constituents.


   De`com*pos"a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable of being resolved into constituent


   De`com*pose"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Decomposed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Decomposing.]  [Cf. F. d\'82composer. Cf. Discompose.] To separate the
   constituent  parts  of; to resolve into original elements; to set free
   from  previously  existing  forms of chemical combination; to bring to
   dissolution; to rot or decay.


   De`com*pose",  v.  i.  To  become  resolved  or returned from existing
   combinations; to undergo dissolution; to decay; to rot.


   De`com*posed"  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.) Separated or broken up; -- said of
   the crest of birds when the feathers are divergent.


   De`com*pos"ite (?), a. [Pref. de- (intens.) + composite.]

   1.   Compounded   more  than  once;  compounded  with  things  already

   2. (Bot.) See Decompound, a., 2.


   De`com*pos"ite, n. Anything decompounded.

     Decomposites of three metals or more. Bacon.


   De*com`po*si"tion  (?),  n.  [Pref.  de-  (in  sense  3  intensive)  +
   composition: cf. F. d\'82composition. Cf. Decomposition.]

   1. The act or process of resolving the constituent parts of a compound
   body   or   substance  into  its  elementary  parts;  separation  into
   constituent part; analysis; the decay or dissolution consequent on the
   removal  or  alteration  of  some  of  the  ingredients of a compound;
   disintegration; as, the decomposition of wood, rocks, etc.

   2. The state of being reduced into original elements.

   3. Repeated composition; a combination of compounds. [Obs.]
   Decomposition   of   forces.  Same  as  Resolution  of  forces,  under
   Resolution.  -- Decomposition of light, the division of light into the
   prismatic colors.


   De`com*pound"  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Decompounded; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Decompounding.] [Pref. de- (intens. in sense 1) + compound, v. t.]

   1.  To  compound  or  mix with that is already compound; to compound a
   second time.

   2. To reduce to constituent parts; to decompose.

     It divides and decompounds objects into . . . parts. Hazlitt.


   De`com*pound", a. [Pref. de- (intens.) + compound, a.]

   1. Compound of what is already compounded; compounded a second time.

   2.  (Bot.)  Several  times  compounded  or divided, as a leaf or stem;


   De`com*pound", n. A decomposite.


   De`com*pound"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being decompounded.


   De`con*cen"trate  (?),  v.  t.  To  withdraw  from  concentration;  to
   decentralize. [R.]


   De*con`cen*tra"tion (?), n. Act of deconcentrating. [R.]


   De`con*coct" (?), v. t. To decompose. [R.] Fuller.


   De*con"se*crate (?), v. t. To deprive of sacredness; to secularize. --
   De*con`se*cra"tion (#), n.


   Dec"o*ra*ment (?), n. [L. decoramentum. See Decorate, v. t.] Ornament.
   [Obs.] Bailey.


   Dec"o*rate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Decorated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Decorating (?).] [L. decoratus, p. p. of decorare, fr. decus ornament;
   akin to decere to be becoming. See Decent.] To deck with that which is
   becoming,   ornamental,   or  honorary;  to  adorn;  to  beautify;  to
   embellish;  as,  to  decorate  the  person; to decorate an edifice; to
   decorate  a  lawn  with  flowers;  to  decorate  the  mind  with moral
   beauties; to decorate a hero with honors.

     Her  fat  neck was ornamented with jewels, rich bracelets decorated
     her arms. Thackeray.

   Syn.  --  To  adorn;  embellish; ornament; beautify; grace. See Adorn.
   Decorated style (Arch.), a name given by some writers to the perfected
   English Gothic architecture; it may be considered as having flourished
   from about a. d. 1300 to a. d. 1375.


   Dec`o*ra"tion (?), n. [LL. decoratio: cf. F. d\'82coration.]

   1. The act of adorning, embellishing, or honoring; ornamentation.

   2.  That which adorns, enriches, or beautifies; something added by way
   of embellishment; ornament.

     The  hall  was celebrated for . . . the richness of its decoration.

   3.  Specifically,  any  mark of honor to be worn upon the person, as a
   medal,  cross,  or  ribbon  of  an  order  of knighthood, bestowed for
   services in war, great achievements in literature, art, etc.
   Decoration  Day,  a day, May 30, appointed for decorating with flowers
   the  graves  of  the Union soldiers and sailors, who fell in the Civil
   War in the United States; Memorial Day. [U.S.]


   Dec"o*ra*tive  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. d\'82coratif.] Suited to decorate or
   embellish;  adorning.  --  Dec"o*ra*tive*ness, n. Decorative art, fine
   art   which   has   for   its   end  ornamentation,  rather  than  the
   representation of objects or events.


   Dec"o*ra`tor  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82corateur.]  One  who decorates,
   adorns, or embellishes; specifically, an artisan whose business is the
   decoration of houses, esp. their interior decoration.


   De*core" (?), v. t. [Cf. F. d\'82corer. See Decorate.] To decorate; to
   beautify. [Obs.]

     To decore and beautify the house of God. E. Hall.


   De*core"ment (?), n. Ornament. [Obs.]


   De*co"rous (?; 277), a. [L. dec, fr. decor comeliness, beauty; akin to
   decere.  See  Decent, and cf. Decorum.] Suitable to a character, or to
   the  time, place, and occasion; marked with decorum; becoming; proper;
   seemly;  befitting;  as,  a  decorous  speech;  decorous  behavior;  a
   decorous dress for a judge.

     A decorous pretext the war. Motley.

   -- De*co"rous*ly, adv. -- De*co"rous*ness, n.


   De*cor"ti*cate  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Decorticated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Decorticating.]  [L. decorticatus, p. p. of decorticare to bark; de- +
   cortex  bark.]  To  divest  of the bark, husk, or exterior coating; to
   husk;  to  peel;  to  hull.  "Great  barley  dried  and decorticated."


   De*cor`ti*ca"tion  (?), n. [L. decorticatio: cf. F. d\'82cortication.]
   The act of stripping off the bark, rind, hull, or outer coat.


   De*cor"ti*ca`tor  (?),  n.  A  machine for decorticating wood, hulling
   grain,  etc.;  also,  an  instrument for removing surplus bark or moss
   from fruit trees.


   De*cor"um (?), n. [L. dec, fr. dec. See Decorous.] Propriety of manner
   or  conduct; grace arising from suitableness of speech and behavior to
   one's own character, or to the place and occasion; decency of conduct;
   seemliness; that which is seemly or suitable.

     Negligent of the duties and decorums of his station. Hallam.

     If  your  master  Would have a queen his beggar, you must tell him,
     That  majesty,  to  keep  decorum, must No less beg than a kingdom.

   Syn.  --  Decorum, Dignity. Decorum, in accordance with its etymology,
   is  that  which  is  becoming  in  outward  act or appearance; as, the
   decorum of a public assembly. Dignity springs from an inward elevation
   of  soul  producing a corresponding effect on the manners; as, dignity
   of personal appearance.


   De*coy"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Decoyed  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Decoying.]  [Pref. de- + coy; orig., to quiet, soothe, caress, entice.
   See  Coy.]  To  lead  into  danger  by artifice; to lure into a net or
   snare;  to  entrap;  to  insnare;  to  allure; to entice; as, to decoy
   troops into an ambush; to decoy ducks into a net.

     Did to a lonely cot his steps decoy. Thomson.

     E'en  while fashion's brightest arts decoy, The heart, distrusting,
     asks if this be joy. Goldsmith.

   Syn. -- To entice; tempt; allure; lure. See Allure.


   De*coy", n.

   1.  Anything  intended  to lead into a snare; a lure that deceives and
   misleads into danger, or into the power of an enemy; a bait.

   2.  A  fowl, or the likeness of one, used by sportsmen to entice other
   fowl into a net or within shot.

   3.  A  place into which wild fowl, esp. ducks, are enticed in order to
   take or shoot them.

   4.  A  person  employed  by officers of justice, or parties exposed to
   injury,  to  induce  a  suspected  person  to  commit an offense under
   circumstances that will lead to his detection.


   De*coy"-duck`  (?),  n.  A  duck used to lure wild ducks into a decoy;
   hence, a person employed to lure others into danger. Beau. & Fl.


   De*coy"er (?), n. One who decoys another.


   De*coy"-man` (?), n.; pl. Decoy-men (. A man employed in decoying wild


   De*crease"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Decreased (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Decreasing.] [OE. decrecen, fr. OF. decreistre, F. d\'82cro\'8ctre, or
   from  the OF. noun (see Decrease, n.), fr. L. decrescere to grow less;
   de  + crescere to grow. See Crescent, and cf. Increase.] To grow less,
   --  opposed  to increase; to be diminished gradually, in size, degree,
   number,  duration,  etc.,  or in strength, quality, or excellence; as,
   they days decrease in length from June to December.

     He must increase, but I must decrease. John iii. 30.

   Syn.  -- To Decrease, Diminish. Things usually decrease or fall off by
   degrees,   and   from   within,   or   through  some  cause  which  is
   imperceptible;  as,  the  flood  decreases;  the cold decreases; their
   affection has decreased. Things commonly diminish by an influence from
   without,  or  one  which  is  apparent; as, the army was diminished by
   disease;  his  property  is  diminishing  through  extravagance; their
   affection  has diminished since their separation their separation. The
   turn  of  thought,  however,  is  often  such  that these words may be

     The  olive  leaf,  which  certainly  them told The flood decreased.

     Crete's  ample fields diminish to our eye; Before the Boreal blasts
     the vessels fly. Pope.


   De*crease",  v.  t.  To cause to grow less; to diminish gradually; as,
   extravagance decreases one's means.

     That might decrease their present store. Prior.


   De*crease",   n.  [OE.  decrees,  OF.  decreis,  fr.  decreistre.  See
   Decrease, v.]

   1.  A  becoming  less;  gradual  diminution;  decay; as, a decrease of
   revenue or of strength.

   2. The wane of the moon. Bacon.


   De*crease"less, a. Suffering no decrease. [R.]

     It  [the  river]  flows  and  flows,  and  yet  will  flow,  Volume
     decreaseless to the final hour. A. Seward.


   De*creas"ing,   a.   Becoming   less   and   less;   diminishing.   --
   De*creas"ing*ly,  adv.  Decreasing  series  (Math.), a series in which
   each term is numerically smaller than the preceding term.


   De`cre*a"tion  (?),  n.  Destruction;  --  opposed  to  creation. [R.]


   De*cree"  (?),  n.  [OE.  decre,  F. d\'82cret, fr. L. decretum, neut.
   decretus,  p.  p. of decernere to decide; de- + cernere to decide. See
   Certain, and cf. Decreet, Decretal.]

   1.  An order from one having authority, deciding what is to be done by
   a  subordinate;  also,  a  determination by one having power, deciding
   what is to be done or to take place; edict, law; authoritative ru "The
   decrees of Venice." Sh 

     There  went  out a decree from C\'91sar Augustus that all the world
     should be taxed. Luke ii. 1.

     Poor hand, why quiverest thou at this decree? Shak.

   2.  (Law)  (a)  A  decision, order, or sentence, given in a cause by a
   court  of  equity  or admiralty. (b) A determination or judgment of an
   umpire on a case submitted to him. Brande.

   3.  (Eccl.)  An  edict  or  law  made  by a council for regulating any
   business  within their jurisdiction; as, the decrees of ecclesiastical
   councils. Syn. -- Law; regulation; edict; ordinance. See Law.


   De*cree"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Decreed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  determine judicially by authority, or by decree; to constitute
   by  edict;  to  appoint  by  decree or law; to determine; to order; to
   ordain; as, a court decrees a restoration of property.

     Thou  shalt  also  decree a thing, and it shall be established unto
     thee. Job xxii. 28.

   2. To ordain by fate.


   De*cree", v. i. To make decrees; -- used absolutely.

     Father  eternal! thine is to decree; Mine, both in heaven and earth
     to do thy will. Milton.


   De*cree"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being decreed.


   De*cre"er (?), n. One who decrees. J. Goodwin.


   De*creet"  (?), n. [Cf. Decree.] (Scots Law) The final judgment of the
   Court  of  Session,  or of an inferior court, by which the question at
   issue is decided.


   Dec"re*ment (?), n. [L. decrementum, fr. decrescere. See Decrease.]

   1.  The state of becoming gradually less; decrease; diminution; waste;

     Twit me with the decrements of my pendants. Ford.

     Rocks,  mountains,  and  the other elevations of the earth suffer a
     continual decrement. Woodward.

   2.  The  quantity  lost  by gradual diminution or waste; -- opposed to

   3.  (Crystallog.) A name given by Ha\'81y to the successive diminution
   of  the  layers  of  molecules,  applied to the faces of the primitive
   form, by which he supposed the secondary forms to be produced.

   4. (Math.) The quantity by which a variable is diminished.
   Equal  decrement  of  life.  (a)  The  decrease  of life in a group of
   persons  in which the assumed law of mortality is such that of a given
   large  number  of  persons,  all  being  now of the same age, an equal
   number  shall die each consecutive year. (b) The decrease of life in a
   group  of  persons  in which the assumed law of mortality is such that
   the ratio of those dying in a year to those living through the year is
   constant, being independent of the age of the persons.


   De*crep"it   (?),  a.  [L.  decrepitus,  perhaps  orig.,  noised  out,
   noiseless,  applied  to  old  people,  who  creep about quietly; de- +
   crepare   to   make  a  noise,  rattle:  cf.  F.  d\'82cr\'82pit.  See
   Crepitate.]  Broken  down  with  age;  wasted  and  enfeebled  by  the
   infirmities  of  old age; feeble; worn out. "Beggary or decrepit age."

     Already decrepit with premature old age. Motley.

     NOTE: &hand; Sometimes incorrectly written decrepid.


   De*crep"i*tate  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Decrepitated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Decrepitating.]  [Cf.  F. d\'82cr\'82piter.] To roast or calcine so as
   to cause a crackling noise; as, to decrepitate salt.


   De*crep"i*tate, v. i. To crackle, as salt in roasting.


   De*crep`i*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. d\'82cr\'82pitation.] The act of
   decrepitating; a crackling noise, such as salt makes when roasting.


   De*crep"it*ness (?), n. Decrepitude. [R.] Barrow.


   De*crep"i*tude  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. d\'82cr\'82pitude.] The broken state
   produced by decay and the infirmities of age; infirm old age.


   De`cres*cen"do  (?),  a. & adv. [It.] (Mus.) With decreasing volume of
   sound;  --  a  direction  to performers, either written upon the staff
   (abbreviated Dec., or Decresc.), or indicated by the sign.


   De*cres"cent  (?),  a.  [L.  decrescens,  p.  pr.  of  decrescere. See
   Decrease.]  Becoming  less  by  gradual  diminution; decreasing; as, a
   decrescent moon.


   De*cres"cent, n. (Her.) A crescent with the horns directed towards the
   sinister. Cussans.


   De*cre"tal   (?),  a.  [L.  decretalis,  fr.  decretum.  See  Decree.]
   Appertaining to a decree; containing a decree; as, a decretal epistle.


   De*cre"tal,  n.  [LL. decretale, neut. of L. decretalis. See Decretal,

   1.  (R. C. Ch.) An authoritative order or decree; especially, a letter
   of the pope, determining some point or question in ecclesiastical law.
   The decretals form the second part of the canon law.

   2.  (Canon Law) The collection of ecclesiastical decrees and decisions
   made, by order of Gregory IX., in 1234, by St. Raymond of Pennafort.


   De*crete" (?), n. [L. decretum. See Decree.] A decree. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   De*cre"tion  (?),  n.  [From L. decrescere, decretum. See Decrease.] A
   decrease. [Obs.] Pearson.


   De*cre"tist   (?),   n.   [LL.   decretista,   fr.  decretum:  cf.  F.
   d\'82cr\'82tiste.  See  Decree,  n.] One who studies, or professes the
   knowledge of, the decretals.


   De*cre"tive  (?),  a.  [From  L.  decretum. See Decree, n.] Having the
   force of a decree; determining.

     The will of God is either decretive or perceptive. Bates.


   Dec`re*to"ri*al (?), a. Decretory; authoritative. Sir T. Browne.


   Dec"re*to*ri*ly  (?),  adv.  In  a  decretory or definitive manner; by


   Dec"re*to*ry (?), a. [L. decretorius, from decretum. See Decree.]

   1. Established by a decree; definitive; settled.

     The decretory rigors of a condemning sentence. South.

   2.  Serving  to determine; critical. "The critical or decretory days."
   Sir T. Browne.

   Page 379


   De*crew"  (?),  v. i. [F. d\'82crue, n., decrease, and d\'82cru, p. p.
   of d\'82cro\'8ctre. See Decrease, and cf. Accrue.] To decrease. [Obs.]


   De*cri"al  (?),  n.  [See  Decry.] A crying down; a clamorous censure;
   condemnation by censure.


   De*cri"er (?), n. One who decries.


   De*crown"  (?),  v.  t.  To  deprive  of  a  crown;  to discrown. [R.]


   De`crus*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf. OF. d\'82crustation.] The removal of a


   De*cry"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Decried  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Decrying.]  [F. d\'82crier, OF. descrier; pref. des- (L. dis-) + crier
   to  cry.  See Cry, and cf. Descry.] To cry down; to censure as faulty,
   mean,  or  worthless;  to  clamor  against;  to  blame clamorously; to
   discredit; to disparage.

     For small errors they whole plays decry. Dryden.

     Measures  which  are  extolled  by  one  half  of  the  kingdom are
     naturally decried by the other. Addison.

   Syn. -- To Decry, Depreciate, Detract, Disparage. Decry and depreciate
   refer  to  the  estimation of a thing, the former seeking to lower its
   value by clamorous censure, the latter by representing it as of little
   worth.  Detract  and disparage also refer to merit or value, which the
   former  assails  with  caviling,  insinuation,  etc., while the latter
   willfully  underrates  and seeks to degrade it. Men decry their rivals
   and depreciate their measures. The envious detract from the merit of a
   good action, and disparage the motives of him who performs it.


   Dec`u*ba"tion (?), n. [From L. decubare; de- + cubare. See Decumbent.]
   Act of lying down; decumbence. [Obs.] Evelyn.


   De*cu"bi*tus  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. L. de- + cubare, to lie down: cf. F.
   d\'82cubitus.]  (Med.)  An  attitude  assumed  in  lying down; as, the
   dorsal decubitus.


   Dec"u*man  (?), a. [L. decumanus of the tenth, and by metonymy, large,
   fr.  decem  ten.] Large; chief; -- applied to an extraordinary billow,
   supposed  by  some  to  be  every  tenth  in  order.  [R.]  Also  used
   substantively.  "Such decuman billows." Gauden. "The baffled decuman."

                            Decumbence, Decumbency

   De*cum"bence  (?),  De*cum"ben*cy  (?), n. The act or posture of lying

     The ancient manner of decumbency. Sir T. Browne.


   De*cum"bent  (?), a. [L. decumbens, -entis, p. pr. of decumbere; de- +
   cumbere (only in comp.), cubare to lie down.]

   1. Lying down; prostrate; recumbent.

     The decumbent portraiture of a woman. Ashmole.

   2.  (Bot.)  Reclining  on  the  ground,  as  if too weak to stand, and
   tending to rise at the summit or apex; as, a decumbent stem. Gray.


   De*cum"bent*ly, adv. In a decumbent posture.


   De*cum"bi*ture (?; 135), n.

   1.  Confinement  to  a  sick  bed, or time of taking to one's bed from
   sickness. Boyle.

   2. (Astrol.) Aspect of the heavens at the time of taking to one's sick
   bed, by which the prognostics of recovery or death were made.


   Dec"u*ple  (?),  a.  [F.  d\'82cuple,  L.  decuplus,  fr.  decem ten.]
   Tenfold. [R.]


   Dec"u*ple, n. A number ten times repeated. [R.]


   Dec"u*ple, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Decupled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Decupling
   (?).] To make tenfold; to multiply by ten. [R.]


   De*cu"ri*on  (?),  n.  [L. decurio, decurionis, fr. decuria a squad of
   ten,  fr.  decem  ten.]  (Rom.  Antiq.)  A  head  or  chief  over ten;
   especially, an officer who commanded a division of ten soldiers.


   De*cu"ri*on*ate  (?), n. [L. decurionatus, fr. decurio.] The office of
   a decurion.


   De*cur"rence (?), n. The act of running down; a lapse. [R.] Gauden.


   De*cur"rent  (?), a. [L. decurrens, -entis, p. pr. of decurrere to run
   down;  de-  +  currere  to run: cf. F. d\'82current.] (Bot.) Extending
   downward;  --  said  of a leaf whose base extends downward and forms a
   wing along the stem. -- De*cur"rent*ly, adv.


   De*cur"sion  (?),  n.  [L.  decursio, fr. decurrere. See Decurrent.] A
   flowing; also, a hostile incursion. [Obs.] Sir M. Hale.


   De*cur"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. d\'82cursif. See Decurrent.] Running down;


   De*cur"sive*ly,  adv.  In  a  decursive  manner.  Decursively  pinnate
   (Bot.),  having  the leaflets decurrent, or running along the petiole;
   -- said of a leaf.


   De*curt"  (?),  v.  t. [L. decurtare; de- + curtare.] To cut short; to
   curtail. [Obs.] Bale.


   De`cur*ta"tion (?), n. [L. decurtatio.] Act of cutting short. [Obs.]


   Dec"u*ry (?), n.; pl. Decuries (#). [L. decuria, fr. decem ten.] A set
   or squad of ten men under a decurion. Sir W. Raleigh.


   De*cus"sate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Decussated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Decussating.]  [L.  decussatus, p. p. of decussare to cross like an X,
   fr.  decussis  (orig. equiv. to decem asses) the number ten, which the
   Romans represented by X.] To cross at an acute angle; to cut or divide
   in  the  form  of  X;  to  intersect;  -- said of lines in geometrical
   figures, rays of light, nerves, etc.

                             Decussate, Decussated

   De*cus"sate (?), De*cus"sa*ted (?), a.

   1. Crossed; intersected.

   2.  (Bot.)  Growing  in pairs, each of which is at right angles to the
   next pair above or below; as, decussated leaves or branches.

   3. (Rhet.) Consisting of two rising and two falling clauses, placed in
   alternate opposition to each other; as, a decussated period.


   De*cus"sate*ly (?), adv. In a decussate manner.


   De`cus*sa"tion  (?),  n.  [L. decussatio.] Act of crossing at an acute
   angle,  or state of being thus crossed; an intersection in the form of
   an X; as, the decussation of lines, nerves, etc.


   De*cus"sa*tive (?), a. Intersecting at acute angles. Sir T. Browne.


   De*cus"sa*tive*ly,  adv.  Crosswise;  in  the  form of an X. "Anointed
   decussatively." Sir T. Browne.


   De"cyl  (?),  n.  [L. decem ten + -yl.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon radical,
   C10H21,  never  existing  alone,  but  regarded  as the characteristic
   constituent of a number of compounds of the paraffin series.


   De*cyl"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Allied to, or containing, the radical decyl.


   De*dal"ian (?), a. See D\'91dalian.


   Ded"a*lous (?), a. See D\'91dalous.


   De*dans"  (?),  n.  [F.]  (Court  Tennis)  A division, at one end of a
   tennis court, for spectators.


   Dede (?), a. Dead. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   De*dec"o*rate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  dedecoratus,  p. p. of dedecorare to
   disgrace.  See  Decorate.]  To  bring  to  shame;  to disgrace. [Obs.]


   De*dec`o*ra"tion  (?), n. [L. dedecoratio.] Disgrace; dishonor. [Obs.]


   De*dec"o*rous  (?),  a.  [L.  dedecorus.  See  Decorous.] Disgraceful;
   unbecoming. [R.] Bailey.


   De`den*ti"tion (?), n. The shedding of teeth. [R.] Sir T. Browne.


   Ded"i*cate  (?),  p. a. [L. dedicatus, p. p. of dedicare to affirm, to
   dedicate;  de-  +  dicare to declare, dedicate; akin to dicere to say.
   See Diction.] Dedicated; set apart; devoted; consecrated. "Dedicate to
   nothing temporal." Shak. Syn. -- Devoted; consecrated; addicted.


   Ded"i*cate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Dedicated; p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To set apart and consecrate, as to a divinity, or for sacred uses;
   to devote formally and solemnly; as, to dedicate vessels, treasures, a
   temple, or a church, to a religious use.

     Vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, . . . which also king David
     did dedicate unto the Lord. 2 Sam. viii. 10, 11.

     We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting
     place  for  those  who here gave their lives that that nation might
     live.  .  . . But in a larger sense we can not dedicate, we can not
     consecrate, we can not hallow this ground. A. Lincoln.

   2.  To  devote,  set  apart,  or  give up, as one's self, to a duty or

     The  profession  of  a  soldier, to which he had dedicated himself.

   3. To inscribe or address, as to a patron.

     He  complied  ten  elegant  books,  and  dedicated them to the Lord
     Burghley. Peacham.

   Syn. -- See Addict.


   Ded`i*ca*tee" (?), n. One to whom a thing is dedicated; -- correlative
   to dedicator.


   Ded`i*ca"tion (?), n. [L. dedicatio.]

   1. The act of setting apart or consecrating to a divine Being, or to a
   sacred  use,  often  with religious solemnities; solemn appropriation;
   as, the dedication of Solomon's temple.

   2.  A  devoting  or  setting  aside  for any particular purpose; as, a
   dedication of lands to public use.

   3.  An  address  to a patron or friend, prefixed to a book, testifying
   respect, and often recommending the work to his special protection and


   Ded"i*ca`tor  (?),  n.  [L.: cf. F. d\'82dicateur.] One who dedicates;
   more especially, one who inscribes a book to the favor of a patron, or
   to one whom he desires to compliment.


   Ded`i*ca*to"ri*al (?), a. Dedicatory.


   Ded"i*ca*to*ry  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82dicatoire.]  Constituting  or
   serving  as  a  dedication;  complimental.  "An  epistle  dedicatory."


   Ded"i*ca*to*ry, n. Dedication. [R.] Milton.


   Ded"i*mus  (?),  n.  [L.  dedimus  we have given, fr. dare to give. So
   called  because the writ began, Dedimus potestatem, etc.] (Law) A writ
   to  commission  private persons to do some act in place of a judge, as
   to examine a witness, etc. Bouvier.


   De*di"tion  (?),  n.  [L. deditio, fr. dedere to give away, surrender;
   de- + dare to give.] The act of yielding; surrender. [R.] Sir M. Hale.


   Ded"o*lent  (?),  a.  [L.  dedolens,  p.  pr. of dedolere to give over
   grieving;  de- + dolere to grieve.] Feeling no compunction; apathetic.
   [R.] Hallywell.


   De*duce"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Deduced (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deducing.] [L. deducere; de- + ducere to lead, draw. See Duke, and cf.

   1. To lead forth. [A Latinism]

     He should hither deduce a colony. Selden.

   2. To take away; to deduct; to subtract; as, to deduce a part from the
   whole. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

   3.  To  derive  or  draw;  to  derive by logical process; to obtain or
   arrive  at  as  the  result  of  reasoning;  to  gather, as a truth or
   opinion,  from  what precedes or from premises; to infer; -- with from
   or out of.

     O  goddess,  say,  shall I deduce my rhymes From the dire nation in
     its early times? Pope.

     Reasoning  is  nothing  but  the faculty of deducing unknown truths
     from principles already known. Locke.

     See  what  regard  will  be paid to the pedigree which deduces your
     descent from kings and conquerors. Sir W. Scott.


   De*duce"ment (?), n. Inference; deduction; thing deduced. [R.] Dryden.


   De*du`ci*bil"i*ty (?), n. Deducibleness.


   De*du"ci*ble (?), a.

   1.  Capable of being deduced or inferred; derivable by reasoning, as a
   result or consequence.

     All properties of a triangle depend on, and are deducible from, the
     complex idea of three lines including a space. Locke.

   2. Capable of being brought down. [Obs.]

     As  if  God  [were]  deducible  to  human  imbecility. State Trials


   De*du"ci*ble*ness, n. The quality of being deducible; deducibility.


   De*du"ci*bly (?), adv. By deduction.


   De*du"cive (?), a. That deduces; inferential.


   De*duct"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Deducted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Deducting.] [L. deductus, p. p. of deducere to deduct. See Deduce.]

   1. To lead forth or out. [Obs.]

     A people deducted out of the city of Philippos. Udall.

   2.  To  take  away,  separate, or remove, in numbering, estimating, or
   calculating; to subtract; -- often with from or out of.

     Deduct what is but vanity, or dress. Pope.

     Two  and  a  half per cent should be deducted out of the pay of the
     foreign troops. Bp. Burnet.

     We  deduct  from the computation of our years that part of our time
     which is spent in . . . infancy. Norris.

     3.  To  reduce;  to  diminish.  [Obs.]  "Do not deduct it to days."


     De*duct"i*ble (?), a.

     1. Capable of being deducted, taken away, or withdrawn.

     Not  one  found  honestly deductible From any use that pleased him.
     Mrs. Browning.

     2. Deducible; consequential.


     De*duc"tion (?), n. [L. deductio: cf. F. d\'82duction.]

     1. Act or process of deducing or inferring.

     The deduction of one language from another. Johnson.

     This  process,  by  which from two statements we deduce a third, is
     called deduction. J. R. Seely.

     2.  Act of deducting or taking away; subtraction; as, the deduction
     of the subtrahend from the minuend.

     3.  That  which  is  deduced or drawn from premises by a process of
     reasoning; an inference; a conclusion.

     Make fair deductions; see to what they mount. Pope.

     4.  That  which  is deducted; the part taken away; abatement; as, a
     deduction from the yearly rent. Syn. -- See Induction.


     De*duct"ive   (?),   a.  [Cf.  L.  deductivus  derivative.]  Of  or
     pertaining  to  deduction;  capable of being deduced from premises;

     All knowledge of causes is deductive. Glanvill.

     Notions and ideas . . . used in a deductive process. Whewell.


     De*duct"ive*ly,   adv.  By  deduction;  by  way  of  inference;  by
     consequence. Sir T. Browne.


     De*duc"tor  (?), n. [L., a guide. See Deduce.] (Zo\'94l.) The pilot
     whale or blackfish.


     De*duit"  (?),  n.  [F.  d\'82duit. Cf. Deduct.] Delight; pleasure.
     [Obs.] Chaucer.


     De*du`pli*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [Pref. de- + duplication.] (Biol.) The
     division  of  that  which  is morphologically one organ into two or
     more,  as  the  division  of  an  organ  of  a plant into a pair or


     Deed (?), a. Dead. [Obs.] Chaucer.


     Deed,  n.  [AS. d; akin to OS. d\'bed, D. & Dan. daad, G. thai, Sw.
     d\'86d, Goth. d; fr. the root of do. See Do, v. t.]

     1.  That  which is done or effected by a responsible agent; an act;
     an  action;  a  thing  done;  --  a  word of extensive application,
     including, whatever is done, good or bad, great or small.

     And Joseph said to them, What deed is this which ye have done? Gen.
     xliv. 15.

     We receive the due reward of our deeds. Luke xxiii. 41.

     Would serve his kind in deed and word. Tennyson.

     2.   Illustrious   act;  achievement;  exploit.  "Knightly  deeds."

     Whose deeds some nobler poem shall adorn. Dryden.

     3. Power of action; agency; efficiency. [Obs.]

     To be, both will and deed, created free. Milton.

     4. Fact; reality; -- whence we have indeed.

     5.  (Law)  A  sealed  instrument in writing, on paper or parchment,
     duly  executed and delivered, containing some transfer, bargain, or

     NOTE: &hand; Th e te rm is generally applied to conveyances of real
     estate,  and  it  is  the  prevailing  doctrine that a deed must be
     signed as well as sealed, though at common law signing was formerly
     not necessary.

   Blank deed, a printed form containing the customary legal phraseology,
   with blank spaces for writing in names, dates, boundaries, etc.

   6. Performance; -- followed by of. [Obs.] Shak.
   In deed, in fact; in truth; verily. See Indeed.


   Deed,  v.  t.  To  convey  or  transfer by deed; as, he deeded all his
   estate to his eldest son. [Colloq. U. S.]


   Deed"ful  (?), a. Full of deeds or exploits; active; stirring. [R.] "A
   deedful life." Tennyson.


   Deed"less,  a.  Not  performing,  or  not  having  performed, deeds or
   exploits; inactive.

     Deedless in his tongue. Shak.

                                   Deed poll

   Deed"  poll`  (?).  (Law)  A deed of one part, or executed by only one
   party,  and  distinguished from an indenture by having the edge of the
   parchment  or  paper  cut  even, or polled as it was anciently termed,
   instead of being indented. Burrill.


   Deed"y (?), a. Industrious; active. [R.] Cowper.


   Deem  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Deemed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Deeming.]
   [OE.  demen  to  judge, condemn, AS. d, fr. d doom; akin to OFries. d,
   OS.  ad,  D.  doemen,  OHG. tuommen, Icel. d\'91ma, Sw. d\'94mma, Dan.
   d\'94mme, Goth. d. See Doom, n., and cf. Doom, v.]

   1. To decide; to judge; to sentence; to condemn. [Obs.]

     Claudius . . . Was demed for to hang upon a tree. Chaucer.

   2.  To  account; to esteem; to think; to judge; to hold in opinion; to

     For never can I deem him less him less than god. Dryden.


   Deem, v. i.

   1. To be of opinion; to think; to estimate; to opine; to suppose.

     And  deemest  thou  as  those  who  pore, With aged eyes, short way
     before? Emerson.

   2. To pass judgment. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Deem, n. Opinion; judgment. [Obs.] Shak.

   Page 380


   Deem"ster  (?),  n.  [Deem  + -ster; i. e., doomster. Cf. Dempster.] A
   judge  in  the  Isle of Man who decides controversies without process.


   Deep  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Deeper  (?); superl. Deepest (?).] [OE. dep,
   deop,  AS. de\'a2p; akin to D. diep, G. tief, Icel. dj, Sw. diup, Dan.
   dyb, Goth. diups; fr. the root of E. dip, dive. See Dip, Dive.]

   1.  Extending  far below the surface; of great perpendicular dimension
   (measured  from  the  surface  downward,  and distinguished from high,
   which  is measured upward); far to the bottom; having a certain depth;
   as, a deep sea.

     The water where the brook is deep. Shak.

   2.  Extending  far  back  from  the  front  or  outer  part;  of great
   horizontal dimension (measured backward from the front or nearer part,
   mouth,  etc.); as, a deep cave or recess or wound; a gallery ten seats
   deep; a company of soldiers six files deep.

     Shadowing squadrons deep. Milton.

     Safely in harbor Is the king's ship in the deep nook. Shak.

   3.  Low  in situation; lying far below the general surface; as, a deep

   4. Hard to penetrate or comprehend; profound; -- opposed to shallow or
   superficial;  intricate;  mysterious; not obvious; obscure; as, a deep
   subject or plot.

     Speculations high or deep. Milton.

     A question deep almost as the mystery of life. De Quincey.

     O Lord, . . . thy thought are very deep. Ps. xcii. 5.

   5.   Of   penetrating  or  far-reaching  intellect;  not  superficial;
   thoroughly skilled; sagacious; cunning.

     Deep clerks she dumbs. Shak.

   6.  Profound;  thorough; complete; unmixed; intense; heavy; heartfelt;
   as,  deep  distress;  deep  melancholy;  deep  horror. "Deep despair."
   Milton.  "Deep  silence."  Milton.  "Deep sleep." Gen. ii. 21. "Deeper
   darkness." >Hoole. "Their deep poverty." 2 Cor. viii. 2.

     An attitude of deep respect. Motley.

   7.  Strongly  colored; dark; intense; not light or thin; as, deep blue
   or crimson.

   8. Of low tone; full-toned; not high or sharp; grave; heavy. "The deep
   thunder." Byron.

     The bass of heaven's deep organ. Milton.

   9. Muddy; boggy; sandy; -- said of roads. Chaucer.

     The ways in that vale were very deep. Clarendon.

   A  deep  line  of operations (Military), a long line. -- Deep mourning
   (Costume),  mourning  complete and strongly marked, the garments being
   not  only  all black, but also composed of lusterless materials and of
   such fashion as is identified with mourning garments.


   Deep, adv. To a great depth; with depth; far down; profoundly; deeply.

     Deep-versed in books, and shallow in himself. Milton.

     Drink deep, or taste not the Pierian spring. Pope.

     NOTE: &hand; Deep, in its usual adverbial senses, is often prefixed
     to   an   adjective;   as,   deep-chested,  deep-cut,  deep-seated,
     deep-toned, deep-voiced, "deep-uddered kine."


   Deep, n.

   1.  That which is deep, especially deep water, as the sea or ocean; an
   abyss; a great depth.

     Courage from the deeps of knowledge springs. Cowley.

     The hollow deep of hell resounded. Milton.

     Blue Neptune storms, the bellowing deeps resound. Pope.

   2. That which is profound, not easily fathomed, or incomprehensible; a
   moral or spiritual depth or abyss.

     Thy judgments are a great. Ps. xxxvi. 6.

   Deep  of  night,  the  most  quiet  or profound part of night; dead of

     The deep of night is crept upon our talk. Shak.


   Deep"en  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Deepened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  make  deep or deeper; to increase the depth of; to sink lower;
   as, to deepen a well or a channel.

     It would . . . deepen the bed of the Tiber. Addison.

   2.  To  make darker or more intense; to darken; as, the event deepened
   the prevailing gloom.

     You must deepen your colors. Peacham.

   3.  To  make more poignant or affecting; to increase in degree; as, to
   deepen grief or sorrow.

   4.  To  make  more grave or low in tone; as, to deepen the tones of an

     Deepens the murmur of the falling floods. Pope.


   Deep"en,  v.  i. To become deeper; as, the water deepens at every cast
   of the lead; the plot deepens.

     His blood-red tresses deepening in the sun. Byron.


   Deep"-fet`  (?), a. Deeply fetched or drawn. [Obs.] "Deep-fet groans."


   Deep"-laid` (?), a. Laid deeply; formed with cunning and sagacity; as,
   deep-laid plans.


   Deep"ly, adv.

   1. At or to a great depth; far below the surface; as, to sink deeply.

   2.  Profoundly;  thoroughly;  not  superficially;  in  a  high degree;
   intensely; as, deeply skilled in ethics.

     He had deeply offended both his nobles and people. Bacon.

     He sighed deeply in his spirit. Mark viii. 12.

   3. Very; with a tendency to darkness of color.

     The deeply red juice of buckthorn berries. Boyle.

   4. Gravely; with low or deep tone; as, a deeply toned instrument.

   5.  With profound skill; with art or intricacy; as, a deeply laid plot
   or intrigue.


   Deep"-mouthed` (?), a. Having a loud and sonorous voice. "Deep-mouthed
   dogs." Dryden.


   Deep"ness, n.

   1.   The  state  or  quality  of  being  deep,  profound,  mysterious,
   secretive, etc.; depth; profundity; -- opposed to shallowness.

     Because they had no deepness of earth. Matt. xiii. 5.

   2. Craft; insidiousness. [R.] J. Gregory.


   Deep"-read`  (?),  a.  Profoundly  book-learned.  "Great  writers  and
   deep-read men." L'Estrange.


   Deep"-sea`  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to the deeper parts of the sea;
   as,  a  deep-sea  line  (i.  e.,  a  line to take soundings at a great
   depth); deep-sea lead; deep-sea soundings, explorations, etc.


   Deep"-waist`ed  (?),  a.  (Naut.)  Having  a deep waist, as when, in a
   ship, the poop and forecastle are much elevated above the deck.


   Deer  (?),  n.  sing.  &  pl. [OE. der, door, animal, wild animal, AS.
   de\'a2r;  akin to D. dier, OFries. diar, G. thier, tier, Icel. d, Dan.
   dyr, Sw. djur, Goth. dius; of unknown origin.

   1. Any animal; especially, a wild animal. [Obs.] Chaucer.

     Mice and rats, and such small deer. Shak.

     The camel, that great deer. Lindisfarne MS.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) A ruminant of the genus Cervus, of many species, and of
   related  genera  of  the  family  Cervid\'91.  The  males, and in some
   species  the  females,  have solid antlers, often much branched, which
   are  shed  annually. Their flesh, for which they are hunted, is called

     NOTE: &hand; Th e de er hunted in England is Cervus elaphus, called
     also  stag  or  red  deer;  the  fallow deer is C. dama; the common
     American  deer  is  C. Virginianus; the blacktailed deer of Western
     North  America  is  C.  Columbianus;  and the mule deer of the same
     region is C. macrotis. See Axis, Fallow deer, Mule deer, Reindeer.

     NOTE: &hand; Deer is much used adjectively, or as the first part of
     a  compound; as, deerkiller, deerslayer, deerslaying, deer hunting,
     deer stealing, deerlike, etc.

   Deer mouse (Zo\'94l.), the white-footed mouse (Hesperomys leucopus) of
   America.  --  Small  deer,  petty  game,  not  worth pursuing; -- used
   metaphorically.   (See  citation  from  Shakespeare  under  the  first
   definition,  above.)  "Minor  critics  .  . . can find leisure for the
   chase of such small deer." G. P. Marsh.
   Deer"ber`ry  (?),  n. (Bot.) A shrub of the blueberry group (Vaccinium
   stamineum);  also,  its  bitter,  greenish white berry; -- called also
   squaw huckleberry. 


   Deer"grass`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  An American genus (Rhexia) of perennial
   herbs,  with  opposite  leaves,  and  showy  flowers  (usually  bright
   purple),  with four petals and eight stamens, -- the only genus of the
   order Melastomace\'91 inhabiting a temperate clime.


   Deer"hound`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  a large and fleet breed of
   hounds used in hunting deer; a staghound.


   Deer"let  (?), n. [Deer + -let.] (Zo\'94l.) A chevrotain. See Kanchil,
   and Napu.


   Deer"-neck`  (?),  n.  A  deerlike,  or thin, ill-formed neck, as of a


   Deer"skin`  (?),  n.  The skin of a deer, or the leather which is made
   from it. Hakluyt. Longfellow.


   Deer"stalk`er (?), n. One who practices deerstalking.


   Deer"stalk`ing,  n. The hunting of deer on foot, by stealing upon them


   Deer's"-tongue`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) A plant (Liatris odoratissima) whose
   fleshy leaves give out a fragrance compared to vanilla. Wood.


   Dees (?), n. pl. Dice. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Dees, n. A dais. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   De*e"sis  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Rhet.) An invocation of, or address
   to, the Supreme Being.


   De"ess  (?),  n.  [F.  d\'82esse, fem. of dieu god.] A goddess. [Obs.]


   Deev (?), n. (Hind. & Pers. Myth.) See Dev.


   De*face"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Defaced (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Defacing.] [OE. defacen to disfigure, efface, OF. desfacier; L. dis- +
   facies face. See Face, and cf. Efface.]

   1. To destroy or mar the face or external appearance of; to disfigure;
   to  injure,  spoil,  or  mar,  by  effacing  or obliterating important
   features  or  portions  of;  as,  to  deface  a monument; to deface an
   edifice; to deface writing; to deface a note, deed, or bond; to deface
   a record. "This high face defaced." Emerson.

     So by false learning is good sense defaced. Pope.

   2. [Cf. F. d\'82faire.] To destroy; to make null. [Obs.]

     [Profane  scoffing]  doth  .  . . deface the reverence of religion.

     For all his power was utterly defaste [defaced]. Spenser.

   Syn. -- See Efface.


   De*face"ment (?), n.

   1.  The  act of defacing, or the condition of being defaced; injury to
   the surface or exterior; obliteration.

   2. That which mars or disfigures. Bacon.


   De*fa"cer (?), n. One who, or that which, defaces or disfigures.

                                   De facto

   De`  fac"to  (?).  [L.]  Actually;  in fact; in reality; as, a king de
   facto, -- distinguished from a king de jure, or by right.


   De*fail"  (?),  v. t. [F. d\'82faillir to fail; pref. d\'82- (L. de) +
   faillir. See Fail, and cf. Default.] To cause fail. [Obs.]


   De*fail"ance (?), n. [F. d\'82faillance.] Failure; miscarriage. [Obs.]

     Possibility of defailance in degree or continuance. Comber.


   De*fail"ure (?), n. Failure. [Obs.] Barrow.


   De*fal"cate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Defalcated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Defalcating.] [LL. defalcatus, p. p. of defalcare to deduct, orig., to
   cut  off with a sickle; L. de- + falx, a sickle. See Falchion.] To cut
   off;  to  take  away  or  deduct  a part of; -- used chiefly of money,
   accounts, rents, income, etc.

     To show what may be practicably and safely defalcated from the [the
     estimates]. Burke.


   De*fal"cate,  v.  i.  To commit defalcation; to embezzle money held in
   trust. "Some partner defalcating, or the like." Carlyle.


   De`fal*ca"tion (?), n. [LL. defalcatio: cf. F. d\'82falcation.]

   1.  A  lopping  off;  a  diminution; abatement; deficit. Specifically:
   Reduction of a claim by deducting a counterclaim; set-off. Abbott.

   2. That which is lopped off, diminished, or abated.

   3. An abstraction of money, etc., by an officer or agent


   Def"al*ca`tor (?), n. A defaulter or embezzler. [Modern]


   De*falk"  (?),  v. t. [F. d\'82falquer. See Defalcate.] To lop off; to
   bate. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Def`a*ma"tion  (?), n. [OE. diffamacioun, F. diffamation. See Defame.]
   Act  of injuring another's reputation by any slanderous communication,
   written  or  oral;  the wrong of maliciously injuring the good name of
   another; slander; detraction; calumny; aspersion.

     NOTE: &hand; In modern usage, written defamation bears the title of
     libel, and oral defamation that of slander.



   De*fam"a*to*ry (?), a. Containing defamation; injurious to reputation;
   calumnious; slanderous; as, defamatory words; defamatory writings.


   De*fame"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Defamed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Defaming.]  [OE.  defamen,  diffamen,  from  F. diffamer, or OF. perh.
   defamer, fr. L. diffamare (cf. defamatus infamous); dis- (in this word
   confused with de) + fama a report. See Fame.]

   1.  To  harm  or  destroy the good fame or reputation of; to disgrace;
   especially,  to  speak  evil of maliciously; to dishonor by slanderous
   reports; to calumniate; to asperse.

   2. To render infamous; to bring into disrepute.

     My  guilt  thy growing virtues did defame; My blackness blotted thy
     unblemish'd name. Dryden.

   3. To charge; to accuse. [R.]

     Rebecca  is  .  . . defamed of sorcery practiced on the person of a
     noble knight. Sir W. Scott.

   Syn. -- To asperse; slander; calumniate; vilify. See Asperse.


   De*fame", n. Dishonor. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   De*fam"er  (?),  n.  One  who  defames;  a  slanderer;  a detractor; a


   De*fam"ing*ly, adv. In a defamatory manner.


   Def"a*mous (?), a. Defamatory. [Obs.]


   De*fat"i*ga*ble  (?), a. [See Defatigate.] Capable of being wearied or
   tired out. [R.] Glanvill.


   De*fat"i*gate  (?),  v. t. [L. defatigatus, p. p. of defatigare; de- +
   fatigare  to  weary.  See  Fatigue.] To weary or tire out; to fatigue.
   [R.] Sir T. Herbert.


   De*fat`i*ga"tion  (?),  n.  [L. defatigatio.] Weariness; fatigue. [R.]


   De*fault"  (?),  n.  [OE.  defaute,  OF.  defaute,  defalte,  fem., F.
   d\'82faut, masc., LL. defalta, fr. a verb meaning, to be deficient, to
   want, fail, fr. L. de- + fallere to deceive. See Fault.]

   1.  A  failing  or  failure;  omission of that which ought to be done;
   neglect  to  do  whaas,  this evil has happened through the governor's

   2. Fault; offense; ill deed; wrong act; failure in virtue or wisdom.

     And pardon craved for his so rash default. Spenser.

     Regardless of our merit or default. Pope.

   3.  (Law)  A  neglect  of,  or failure to take, some step necessary to
   secure  the  benefit  of law, as a failure to appear in court at a day
   assigned,  especially  of  the defendant in a suit when called to make
   answer; also of jurors, witnesses, etc.
   In default of, in case of failure or lack of.

     Cooks could make artificial birds and fishes in default of the real
     ones. Arbuthnot.

   -- To suffer a default (Law), to permit an action to be called without
   appearing to answer.


   De*fault", v. i. [imp. & p. p. Defaulted; p. pr. & vb. n. Defaulting.]

   1. To fail in duty; to offend.

     That he gainst courtesy so foully did default. Spenser.

   2. To fail in fulfilling a contract, agreement, or duty.

   3. To fail to appear in court; to let a case go by default.


   De*fault", v. t.

   1. To fail to perform or pay; to be guilty of neglect of; to omit; as,
   to default a dividend.

     What they have defaulted towards him as no king. Milton.

   2.  (Law)  To  call  a defendant or other party whose duty it is to be
   present  in  court,  and  make  entry  of  his default, if he fails to
   appear; to enter a default against.

   3. To leave out of account; to omit. [Obs.]

     Defaulting unnecessary and partial discourses. Hales.


   De*fault"er (?), n.

   1.  One who makes default; one who fails to appear in court when court
   when called.

   2.  One  who  fails to perform a duty; a delinquent; particularly, one
   who  fails  to  account  for  public  money  intrusted  to his care; a
   peculator; a defalcator.


   De*fea"sance (?), n. [OF. defesance, fr. defesant, F. d\'82faisant, p.
   pr. of defaire, F. d\'82faire, to undo. See Defeat.]

   1. A defeat; an overthrow. [Obs.]

     After his foes' defeasance. Spenser.

   2. A rendering null or void.

   3.  (Law)  A condition, relating to a deed, which being performed, the
   deed  is  defeated or rendered void; or a collateral deed, made at the
   same   time   with   a  feoffment,  or  other  conveyance,  containing
   conditions, on the performance of which the estate then created may be

   Page 381

     NOTE: &hand; Mo rtgages we re usually made in this manner in former
     times, but the modern practice is to include the conveyance and the
     defeasance in the same deed.


   De*fea"sanced  (?),  a.  (Law)  Liable to defeasance; capable of being
   made void or forfeited.


   De*fea"si*ble  (?),  a. [See Defeasance.] Capable of being annulled or
   made void; as, a defeasible title. -- De*fea"si*ble*ness, n.


   De*feat"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Defeated;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Defeating.] [From F. d\'82fait, OF. desfait, p. p. ofe d\'82faire, OF.
   desfaire,  to  undo;  L.  dis- + facere to do. See Feat, Fact, and cf.

   1. To undo; to disfigure; to destroy. [Obs.]

     His unkindness may defeat my life. Shak.

   2.  To  render  null  and  void, as a title; to frustrate, as hope; to
   deprive, as of an estate.

     He  finds  himself  naturally  to  dread  a superior Being that can
     defeat all his designs, and disappoint all his hopes. Tillotson.

     The  escheators  .  .  . defeated the right heir of his succession.

     In one instance he defeated his own purpose. A. W. Ward.

   3. To overcome or vanquish, as an army; to check, disperse, or ruin by
   victory; to overthrow.

   4. To resist with success; as, to defeat an assault.

     Sharp reasons to defeat the law. Shak.

   Syn. -- To baffle; disappoint; frustrate.


   De*feat", n. [Cf. F. d\'82faite, fr. d\'82faire. See Defeat, v.]

   1. An undoing or annulling; destruction. [Obs.]

     Upon  whose  property  and most dear life A damned defeat was made.

   2.  Frustration  by  rendering  null  and  void,  or  by prevention of
   success; as, the defeat of a plan or design.

   3.  An  overthrow,  as of an army in battle; loss of a battle; repulse
   suffered; discomfiture; -- opposed to victory.


   De*fea"ture (?; 135), n. [OF. desfaiture a killing, disguising, prop.,
   an undoing. See Defeat, and cf. Disfeature.]

   1.  Overthrow;  defeat.  [Obs.] "Nothing but loss in their defeature."
   Beau. & Fl.

   2.  Disfigurement;  deformity. [Obs.] "Strange defeatures in my face."


   De*fea"tured (?; 135), p. p. Changed in features; deformed. [R.]

     Features  when  defeatured  in  the  . . . way I have described. De


   Def"e*cate (?), a. [L. defaecatus, p. p. of defaecare to defecate; de-
   + faex, faecis, dregs, less.] Freed from anything that can pollute, as
   dregs, lees, etc.; refined; purified.

     Till the soul be defecate from the dregs of sense. Bates.


   Def"e*cate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Defecated; p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  clear  from  impurities,  as lees, dregs, etc.; to clarify; to
   purify; to refine.

     To defecate the dark and muddy oil of amber. Boyle.

   2.  To  free from extraneous or polluting matter; to clear; to purify,
   as from that which materializes.

     We defecate the notion from materiality. Glanvill.

     Defecated from all the impurities of sense. Bp. Warburton.


   Def"e*cate (?), v. i.

   1. To become clear, pure, or free. Goldsmith.

   2. To void excrement.


   Def`e*ca"tion (?), n. [L. defaecatio: cf. F. d\'82f\'82cation.]

   1.   The  act  of  separating  from  impurities,  as  lees  or  dregs;

   2. (Physiol.) The act or process of voiding excrement.


   Def"e*ca`tor  (?),  n.  That  which  cleanses  or  purifies;  esp., an
   apparatus for removing the feculencies of juices and sirups. Knight.


   De*fect"  (?),  n.  [L.  defectus,  fr. deficere, defectum, to desert,
   fail,  be  wanting;  de- + facere to make, do. See Fact, Feat, and cf.

   1.  Want  or  absence  of  something  necessary  for  completeness  or
   perfection; deficiency; -- opposed to superfluity.

     Errors have been corrected, and defects supplied. Davies.

   2.  Failing;  fault; imperfection, whether physical or moral; blemish;
   as,  a  defect in the ear or eye; a defect in timber or iron; a defect
   of memory or judgment.

     Trust  not  yourself;  but, your defects to know, Make use of every
     friend -- any every foe. Pope.

     Among   boys  little  tenderness  is  shown  to  personal  defects.

   Syn. -- Deficiency; imperfection; blemish. See Fault.


   De*fect", v. i. To fail; to become deficient. [Obs.] "Defected honor."
   Warner. <-- 2. Abandon one country or faction, and join another. -->


   De*fect",  v. t. To injure; to damage. "None can my life defect." [R.]
   Troubles of Q. Elizabeth (1639).


   De*fect`i*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. Deficiency; imperfection. [R.] Ld. Digby.
   Jer. Taylor.


   De*fect"i*ble  (?), a. Liable to defect; imperfect. [R.] "A defectible
   understanding." Jer. Taylor.


   De*fec"tion  (?),  n.  [L. defectio: cf. F. d\'82fection. See Defect.]
   Act  of  abandoning  a  person  or  cause  to  which  one  is bound by
   allegiance  or  duty, or to which one has attached himself; desertion;
   failure in duty; a falling away; apostasy; backsliding. "Defection and
   falling away from God." Sir W. Raleigh.

     The general defection of the whole realm. Sir J. Davies.


   De*fec"tion*ist, n. One who advocates or encourages defection.


   De*fec"tious  (?),  a.  Having  defects;  imperfect.  [Obs.] "Some one
   defectious piece." Sir P. Sidney.


   De*fect"ive (?), a. [L. defectivus: cf. F. d\'82fectif. See Defect.]

   1.  Wanting  in  something;  incomplete;  lacking  a  part; deficient;
   imperfect;  faulty;  --  applied either to natural or moral qualities;
   as, a defective limb; defective timber; a defective copy or account; a
   defective character; defective rules.

   2.   (Gram.)  Lacking  some  of  the  usual  forms  of  declension  or
   conjugation;  as, a defective noun or verb. -- De*fect"ive*ly, adv. --
   De*fect"ive*ness, n.


   De*fec`tu*os"i*ty  (?;  135),  n.  [Cf.  F. d\'82fectuosit\'82.] Great
   imperfection. [Obs.] W. Montagu.


   De*fec"tu*ous  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82fectueux.]  Full  of  defects;
   imperfect. [Obs.] Barrow.


   Def`e*da"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  defoedare,  defoedatum, to defile; de- +
   foedare  to  foul,  foedus  foul.]  The act of making foul; pollution.


   De*fence" (?), n. & v. t. See Defense.


   De*fend"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Defended;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Defending.]  [F.  d\'82fendre,  L.  defendere;  de- + fendere (only in
   comp.) to strike; perh. akin to Gr. dint. Cf. Dint, Defense, Fend.]

   1. To ward or fend off; to drive back or away; to repel. [A Latinism &

     Th'  other  strove for to defend The force of Vulcan with his might
     and main. Spenser.

   2. To prohibit; to forbid. [Obs.] Chaucer.

     Which God defend that I should wring from him. Shak.

   3.  To  repel  danger  or  harm  from;  to protect; to secure against;
   attack;  to  maintain  against force or argument; to uphold; to guard;
   as,  to  defend  a  town;  to  defend a cause; to defend character; to
   defend  the  absent;  -- sometimes followed by from or against; as, to
   defend one's self from, or against, one's enemies.

     The lord mayor craves aid . . . to defend the city. Shak.

     God defend the right! Shak.

     A village near it was defended by the river. Clarendon.

   4.  (Law.)  To deny the right of the plaintiff in regard to (the suit,
   or  the  wrong  charged);  to  oppose or resist, as a claim at law; to
   contest,  as a suit. Burrill. Syn. -- To Defend, Protect. To defend is
   literally  to ward off; to protect is to cover so as to secure against
   approaching danger. We defend those who are attacked; we protect those
   who  are  liable  to injury or invasion. A fortress is defended by its
   guns, and protected by its wall.

     As  birds  flying,  so  will  the  Lord  of hosts defend Jerusalem;
     defending also he will deliver it. Is. xxxi. 5.

     Leave not the faithful side That gave thee being, still shades thee
     and protects. Milton.


   De*fend"a*ble  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82fendable.]  Capable  of  being
   defended; defensible. [R.]


   De*fend"ant  (?),  a.  [F.  d\'82fendant,  p.  pr. of d\'82fendre. See

   1. Serving, or suitable, for defense; defensive. [Obs.]

     With men of courage and with means defendant. Shak.

   2. Making defense.


   De*fend"ant, n.

   1. One who defends; a defender.

     The  rampiers  and  ditches  which  the  defendants  had  cast  up.

   2.  (Law)  A  person  required to make answer in an action or suit; --
   opposed to plaintiff. Abbott.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e te rm is applied to any party of whom a demand is
     made  in  court, whether the party denies and defends the claim, or
     admits  it,  and  suffers a default; also to a party charged with a
     criminal offense.


   De`fen*dee" (?), n. One who is defended. [R. & Ludicrous]


   De*fend"er  (?),  n. [Cf. Fender.] One who defends; one who maintains,
   supports,   protects,  or  vindicates;  a  champion;  an  advocate;  a

     Provinces  . . . left without their ancient and puissant defenders.


   De*fend"ress (?), n. A female defender. [R.]

     Defendress of the faith. Stow.


   De*fen"sa*tive   (?),   n.   [L.   defensare,  defensatum,  to  defend
   diligently,  intens.  of  defendere. See Defend.] That which serves to
   protect or defend.

                               Defense, Defence

   De*fense",  De*fence"  (?),  n.  [F.  d\'82fense,  OF.  defense, fem.,
   defens, masc., fr. L. defensa (cf. Fence.]

   1.  The  act of defending, or the state of being defended; protection,
   as from violence or danger.

     In  cases of defense 't is best to weigh The enemy more mighty than
     he seems. Shak.

   2. That which defends or protects; anything employed to oppose attack,
   ward  off  violence  or  danger,  or  maintain  security;  a  guard; a

     War would arise in defense of the right. Tennyson.

     God, the widow's champion and defense. Shak.

   3. Protecting plea; vindication; justification.

     Men, brethren, and fathers, hear ye my defense. Acts xxii. 1.

   4.  (Law) The defendant's answer or plea; an opposing or denial of the
   truth  or validity of the plaintiff's or prosecutor's case; the method
   of  proceeding adopted by the defendant to protect himself against the
   plaintiff's action.

   5.  Act or skill in making defense; defensive plan or policy; practice
   in self defense, as in fencing, boxing, etc.

     A man of great defense. Spenser.

     By how much defense is better than no skill. Shak.

   6. Prohibition; a prohibitory ordinance. [Obs.]

     Severe  defenses  .  .  . against wearing any linen under a certain
     breadth. Sir W. Temple.


   De*fense", v. t. To furnish with defenses; to fortify. [Obs.] [Written
   also defence.]

     Better manned and more strongly defensed. Hales.


   De*fense"less,  a.  Destitute of defense; unprepared to resist attack;
   unable   to   oppose;   unprotected.   --  De*fense"less*ly,  adv.  --
   De*fense"less*ness, n.


   De*fens"er  (?),  n. [Cf. F. d\'82fenseur, L. defensor. Cf. Defensor.]
   Defender. [Obs.] Foxe.


   De*fen`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. Capability of being defended.


   De*fen"si*ble   (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82fensable,  LL.  defensabilis,
   defensibilis. See Defense, and cf. Defendable.]

   1.  Capable  of being defended; as, a defensible city, or a defensible

   2. Capable of offering defense. [Obs.] Shak.


   De*fen"si*ble*ness    (?),    n.   Capability   of   being   defended;
   defensibility. Priestley.


   De*fen"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. d\'82fensif.]

   1.  Serving  to  defend  or  protect;  proper  for defense; opposed to
   offensive; as, defensive armor.

     A moat defensive to a house. Shak.

   2.  Carried  on  by  resisting  attack  or  aggression;  -- opposed to
   offensive; as, defensive war.

   3. In a state or posture of defense. Milton.


   De*fen"sive, n. That which defends; a safeguard.

     Wars preventive, upon just fears, are true defensive. Bacon.

   To be on the defensive, To stand on the defensive, to be or stand in a
   state or posture of defense or resistance, in opposition to aggression
   or attack.


   De*fen"sive*ly, adv. On the defensive.


   De*fen"sor (?), n. [L. See Defenser.]

   1. A defender. Fabyan.

   2. (Law) A defender or an advocate in court; a guardian or protector.

   3.  (Eccl.)  The  patron  of a church; an officer having charge of the
   temporal affairs of a church.


   De*fen"so*ry  (?),  a. [L. defensorius.] Tending to defend; defensive;
   as, defensory preparations.


   De*fer"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Deferred (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deferring.]  [OE. differren, F. diff\'82rer, fr. L. differre to delay,
   bear  different  ways;  dis- + ferre to bear. See Bear to support, and
   cf. Differ, Defer to offer.] To put off; to postpone to a future time;
   to delay the execution of; to delay; to withhold.

     Defer the spoil of the city until night. Shak.

     God  .  . . will not long defer To vindicate the glory of his name.


   De*fer", v. i. To put off; to delay to act; to wait.

     Pius was able to defer and temporize at leisure. J. A. Symonds.


   De*fer",  v. t. [F. d\'82f\'82rer to pay deference, to yield, to bring
   before a judge, fr. L. deferre to bring down; de- + ferre to bear. See
   Bear to support, and cf. Defer to delay, Delate.]

   1. To render or offer. [Obs.]

     Worship deferred to the Virgin. Brevint.

   2.  To lay before; to submit in a respectful manner; to refer; -- with

     Hereupon the commissioners . . . deferred the matter to the Earl of
     Northumberland. Bacon.


   De*fer",  v. i. To yield deference to the wishes of another; to submit
   to the opinion of another, or to authority; -- with to.

     The house, deferring to legal right, acquiesced. Bancroft.


   Def"er*ence  (?), n. [F. d\'82f\'82rence. See 3d Defer.] A yielding of
   judgment  or  preference  from  respect  to  the  wishes or opinion of
   another; submission in opinion; regard; respect; complaisance.

     Deference  to  the  authority  of  thoughtful  and  sagacious  men.

     Deference  is  the most complicate, the most indirect, and the most
     elegant of all compliments. Shenstone.

   Syn.  -- Deference, Reverence, Respect. Deference marks an inclination
   to  yield one's opinion, and to acquiesce in the sentiments of another
   in  preference to one's own. Respect marks the estimation that we have
   for  another,  which makes us look to him as worthy of high confidence
   for  the qualities of his mind and heart. Reverence denotes a mingling
   of  fear with a high degree of respect and esteem. Age, rank, dignity,
   and  personal  merit call for deference; respect should be paid to the
   wise  and  good; reverence is due to God, to the authors of our being,
   and to the sanctity of the laws.


   Def"er*ent  (?),  a.  [L.  deferens, p. pr. of deferre. See 3d Defer.]
   Serving to carry; bearing. [R.] "Bodies deferent." Bacon.


   Def"er*ent, n.

   1. That which carries or conveys.

     Though air be the most favorable deferent of sounds. Bacon.

   2.  (Ptolemaic  Astron.) An imaginary circle surrounding the earth, in
   whose periphery either the heavenly body or the center of the heavenly
   body's epicycle was supposed to be carried round.


   Def`er*en"tial   (?),   a.   [See  Deference.]  Expressing  deference;
   accustomed to defer.


   Def`er*en"tial*ly, adv. With deference.


   De*fer"ment   (?),   n.   [See   1st  Defer.]  The  act  of  delaying;
   postponement. [R.]

     My  grief,  joined  with  the  instant  business, Begs a deferment.


   De*fer"rer (?), n. One who defers or puts off.

                         Defervescence, Defervescency

   De`fer*ves"cence  (?),  De`fer*ves"cency  (?),  n. [L. defervescere to
   grow cool.]

   1. A subsiding from a state of ebullition; loss of heat; lukewarmness.

     A defervescency in holy actions. Jer. Taylor.

   2.  (Med.)  The  subsidence  of  a  febrile  process; as, the stage of
   defervescence in pneumonia.


   De*feu"dal*ize (?), v. t. To deprive of the feudal character or form.


   De*fi"ance (?), n. [OF. defiance, desfiance, challenge, fr. desfier to
   challenge, F. d\'82fier. See Defy.]

   1.  The act of defying, putting in opposition, or provoking to combat;
   a challenge; a provocation; a summons to combat.

     A war without a just defiance made. Dryden.

     Stood for her cause, and flung defiance down. Tennyson.

   2.  A  state  of  opposition;  willingness  to  flight; disposition to
   resist; contempt of opposition.

     He breathed defiance to my ears. Shak.

   3.  A  casting aside; renunciation; rejection. [Obs.] "Defiance to thy
   kindness." Ford.
   To  bid defiance, To set at defiance, to defy; to disregard recklessly
   or contemptuously. Locke.


   De*fi"ant  (?), a. [Cf. F. d\'82fiant, p. pr. of d\'82fier. See Defy.]
   Full of defiance; bold; insolent; as, a defiant spirit or act.

     In attitude stern and defiant. Longfellow.

   -- De*fi"ant*ly, adv. -- De*fi"ant*ness, n.

   Page 382


   De*fi"a*to*ry  (?),  a.  [See  Defy.] Bidding or manifesting defiance.
   [Obs.] Shelford.


   De*fi"bri*nate  (?),  v.  t.  To  deprive of fibrin, as fresh blood or
   lymph by stirring with twigs.


   De*fi`bri*na"tion (?), n. The act or process of depriving of fibrin.


   De*fi"bri*nize (?), v. t. To defibrinate.


   De*fi"cience (?), n. Same as Deficiency.

     Thou  in  thyself  art perfect, and in thee Is no deficience found.


   De*fi"cien*cy  (?),  n.;  pl.  Deficiencies  (#). [See Deficient.] The
   state  of  being  deficient;  inadequacy; want; failure; imperfection;
   shortcoming; defect. "A deficiencyof blood." Arbuthnot.

     [Marlborough] was so miserably ignorant, that his deficiencies made
     him the ridicule of his contemporaries. Buckle.

   Deficiency  of  a  curve  (Geom.),  the  amount by which the number of
   double  points  on  a  curve is short of the maximum for curves of the
   same degree.


   De*fi"cient  (?),  a.  [L. deficiens, -entis, p. pr. of deficere to be
   wanting.  See  Defect.]  Wanting, to make up completeness; wanting, as
   regards   a   requirement;   not  sufficient;  inadequate;  defective;
   imperfect; incomplete; lacking; as, deficient parts; deficient estate;
   deficient strength; deficient in judgment.

     The style was indeed deficient in ease and variety. Macaulay.

   Deficient number. (Arith.) See under Abundant. -- De*fi"cient-ly, adv.


   Def"i*cit  (?),  n. [Lit., it is wanting, 3d person pres. indic. of L.
   deficere,  cf.  F.  d\'82ficit.  See  Defect.] Deficiency in amount or
   quality;  a falling short; lack; as, a deficit in taxes, revenue, etc.


   De*fi"er  (?),  n.  [See Defy.] One who dares and defies; a contemner;
   as, a defier of the laws.


   De*fig`u*ra"tion (?), n. Disfiguration; mutilation. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   De*fig"ure  (?),  v.  t. [Pref. de- (intens.) + figure.] To delineate.

     These two stones as they are here defigured. Weever.


   De`fi*lade"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Defiladed; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Defilading.]  [Cf.  F.  d\'82filer  to  defile, and d\'82filade act of
   defiling.  See  1st  Defile.]  (Mil.) To raise, as a rampart, so as to
   shelter interior works commanded from some higher point.


   De`fi*lad"ing,  n. (Mil.) The art or act of determining the directions
   and  heights  of the lines of rampart with reference to the protection
   of the interior from exposure to an enemy's fire from any point within
   range, or from any works which may be erected. Farrow.


   De*file"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Defiled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Defiling.]  [F.  d\'82filer; pref. d\'82-, for des- (L. dis-) + file a
   row or line. See File a row.] To march off in a line, file by file; to
   file off.


   De*file", v. t. (Mil.) Same as Defilade.


   De*file" (?; 277), n. [Cf. F. d\'82fil\'82, fr. d\'82filer to defile.]

   1.  Any  narrow  passage  or gorge in which troops can march only in a
   file,  or  with  a  narrow  front;  a long, narrow pass between hills,
   rocks, etc.

   2. (Mil.) The act of defilading a fortress, or of raising the exterior
   works in order to protect the interior. See Defilade.


   De*file"  (?),  v.  t.  [OE.  defoulen,  -foilen,  to  tread down, OF.
   defouler;  de- + fouler to trample (see Full, v. t.), and OE. defoulen
   to  foul  (influenced in form by the older verb defoilen). See File to
   defile, Foul, Defoul.]

   1.  To  make  foul  or impure; to make filthy; to dirty; to befoul; to

     They that touch pitch will be defiled. Shak.

   2. To soil or sully; to tarnish, as reputation; to taint.

     He  is  .  . . among the greatest prelates of this age, however his
     character may be defiled by . . . dirty hands. Swift.

   3. To injure in purity of character; to corrupt.

     Defile not yourselves with the idols of Egypt. Ezek. xx. 7.

   4. To corrupt the chastity of; to debauch; to violate.

     The husband murder'd and the wife defiled. Prior.

   5. To make ceremonially unclean; to pollute.

     That  which  dieth  of itself, or is torn with beasts, he shall not
     eat to defile therewith. Lev. xxii. 8.


   De*file"ment  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. d\'82filement. See Defile] (Mil.) The
   protection of the interior walls of a fortification from an enfilading
   fire, as by covering them, or by a high parapet on the exposed side.


   De*file"ment,  n.  [From  3d Defile.] The act of defiling, or state of
   being  defiled,  whether  physically  or morally; pollution; foulness;
   dirtiness; uncleanness.

     Defilements of the flesh. Hopkins.

     The  chaste  can  not  rake  into  such  filth  without  danger  of
     defilement. Addison.


   De*fil"er  (?), n. One who defiles; one who corrupts or violates; that
   which pollutes.


   De*fil`i*a"tion  (?), n. [L. de- + filius son.] Abstraction of a child
   from its parents. Lamb.


   De*fin"a*ble (?), a. [From Define.] Capable of being defined, limited,
   or  explained; determinable; describable by definition; ascertainable;
   as, definable limits; definable distinctions or regulations; definable
   words. -- De*fin"a*bly, adv.


   De*fine"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Defined (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Defining.]  [OE. definer, usually, to end, to finish, F. d\'82finir to
   define,  L.  definire  to  limit,  define; de- + finire to limit, end,
   finis boundary, limit, end. See Final, Finish.]

   1. To fix the bounds of; to bring to a termination; to end. "To define
   controversies." Barrow.

   2.  To  determine  or  clearly  exhibit the boundaries of; to mark the
   limits of; as, to define the extent of a kingdom or country.

   3.  To  determine  with  precision;  to mark out with distinctness; to
   ascertain  or  exhibit  clearly;  as, the defining power of an optical

     Rings . . . very distinct and well defined. Sir I. Newton.

   4.  To  determine the precise signification of; to fix the meaning of;
   to  describe  accurately;  to explain; to expound or interpret; as, to
   define a word, a phrase, or a scientific term.

     They define virtue to be life ordered according to nature. Robynson
     (More's Utopia).


   De*fine" (?), v. i. To determine; to decide. [Obs.]


   De*fine"ment  (?),  n.  The  act of defining; definition; description.
   [Obs.] Shak.


   De*fin"er (?), n. One who defines or explains.


   Def"i*nite (?), a. [L. definitis, p. p. of definire: cf. F. d\'82fini.
   See Define.]

   1.  Having  certain  or  distinct; determinate in extent or greatness;
   limited;  fixed;  as,  definite  dimensions;  a  definite  measure;  a
   definite period or interval.

     Elements combine in definite proportions. Whewell.

   2.  Having  certain  limits  in  signification;  determinate; certain;
   precise;   fixed;   exact;  clear;  as,  a  definite  word,  term,  or

   3. Determined; resolved. [Obs.] Shak.

   4.  Serving  to  define  or  restrict;  limiting; determining; as, the
   definite article.
   Definite  article (Gram.), the article the, which is used to designate
   a  particular  person  or  thing,  or a particular class of persons or
   things;  --  also  called a definitive. See Definitive, n. -- Definite
   inflorescence.    (Bot.)    See   Determinate   inflorescence,   under
   Determinate. -- Law of definite proportions (Chem.), the essential law
   of  chemical  combination that every definite compound always contains
   the  same  elements  in the same proportions by weight; and, if two or
   more  elements  form  more  than  one  compound  with  each other, the
   relative  proportions  of  each  are  fixed.  Compare  Law of multiple
   proportions, under Multiple.
   Def"i*nite, n. A thing defined or determined. [Obs.] 


   Def"i*nite*ly,  adv.  In a definite manner; with precision; precisely;


   Def"i*nite*ness,  n.  The  state  of  being definite; determinateness;
   precision; certainty.


   Def`i*ni"tion (?), n. [L. definitio: cf. F. d\'82finition.]

   1. The act of defining; determination of the limits; as, the telescope
   accurate in definition.

   2. Act of ascertaining and explaining the signification; a description
   of  a thing by its properties; an explanation of the meaning of a word
   or  term;  as, the definition of "circle;" the definition of "wit;" an
   exact definition; a loose definition.

     Definition  being  nothing  but  making another understand by words
     what the term defined stands for. Locke.

   3.  Description;  sort.  [R.]  "A new creature of another definition."
   Jer. Taylor.

   4.  (Logic) An exact enunciation of the constituents which make up the
   logical essence.

   5.  (Opt.)  Distinctness  or  clearness,  as  of an image formed by an
   optical   instrument;   precision   in  detail.  Syn.  --  Definition,
   Explanation,  Description.  A definition is designed to settle a thing
   in  its  compass and extent; an explanation is intended to remove some
   obscurity  or  misunderstanding,  and  is  therefore more extended and
   minute;  a description enters into striking particulars with a view to
   interest  or  impress  by  graphic  effect.  It is not therefore true,
   though  often  said,  that description is only an extended definition.
   "Logicians  distinguish  definitions into essential and accidental. An
   essential definition states what are regarded as the constituent parts
   of  the  essence  of  that  which  is to be defined; and an accidental
   definition  lays  down what are regarded as circumstances belonging to
   it,  viz.,  properties  or  accidents,  such as causes, effects, etc."


   Def`i*ni"tion*al  (?),  a.  Relating to definition; of the nature of a
   definition; employed in defining.


   De*fin"i*tive (?), a. [L. definitivus: cf. F. d\'82finitif.]

   1. Determinate; positive; final; conclusive; unconditional; express.

     A strict and definitive truth. Sir T. Browne.

     Some definitive . . . scheme of reconciliation. Prescott.

   2. Limiting; determining; as, a definitive word.

   3. Determined; resolved. [Obs.] Shak.


   De*fin"i*tive, n. (Gram.) A word used to define or limit the extent of
   the  signification of a common noun, such as the definite article, and
   some pronouns.

     NOTE: &hand; De finitives .  . . are commonly called by grammarians
     articles.  .  .  . They are of two kinds, either those properly and
     strictly  so  called,  or  else  pronominal articles, such as this,
     that, any, other, some, all, no, none, etc.

   Harris (Hermes).


   De*fin"i*tive*ly, adv. In a definitive manner.


   De*fin"i*tive*ness, n. The quality of being definitive.


   De*fin"i*tude (?), n. Definiteness. [R.]

     Definitude  .  .  .  is  a  knowledge of minute differences. Sir W.


   De*fix" (?), v. t. [L. defixus, p. p. of defigere to fix; de- + figere
   to  fix.]  To  fix;  to  fasten;  to establish. [Obs.] "To defix their
   princely seat . . . in that extreme province." Hakluyt.


   Def`la*gra*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  The  state or quality of being

     The ready deflagrability . . . of saltpeter. Boyle.


   De*fla"gra*ble  (?;  277), a. [See Deflagrate.] (Chem.) Burning with a
   sudden  and sparkling combustion, as niter; hence, slightly explosive;
   liable to snap and crackle when heated, as salt.


   Def"la*grate  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Deflagrated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deflagrating.]  [L. deflagratus, p. p. of deflagrare to burn up; de- +
   flagrare  to flame, burn.] (Chem.) To burn with a sudden and sparkling
   combustion, as niter; also, to snap and crackle with slight explosions
   when heated, as salt.


   Def"la*grate, v. t. (Chem.) To cause to burn with sudden and sparkling
   combustion,  as  by  the  action  of intense heat; to burn or vaporize
   suddenly;  as,  to  deflagrate  refractory  metals  in the oxyhydrogen


   Def`la*gra"tion (?), n. [L. deflagratio: cf. F. d\'82flagration.]

   1.   A   burning   up;   conflagration.   "Innumerable   deluges   and
   deflagrations." Bp. Pearson.

   2. (Chem.) The act or process of deflagrating.


   Def"la*gra`tor  (?),  n.  (Chem.) A form of the voltaic battery having
   large plates, used for producing rapid and powerful combustion.


   De*flate"  (?),  v. t. [Pref. de- down + L. flare, flatus to blow.] To
   reduce from an inflated condition.


   De*flect"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Deflected;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deflecting.]  [L.  deflectere;  de-  +  flectere  to bend or turn. See
   Flexible.]  To  cause  to  turn  aside; to bend; as, rays of light are
   often deflected.

     Sitting with their knees deflected under them. Lord (1630).


   De*flect",  v.  i.  To  turn  aside;  to  deviate  from  a  right or a
   horizontal  line,  or  from a proper position, course or direction; to

     At some part of the Azores, the needle deflecteth not, but lieth in
     the true meridian. Sir T. Browne.

     To deflect from the line of truth and reason. Warburton.


   De*flect"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being deflected.


   De*flect"ed, a.

   1. Turned aside; deviating from a direct line or course.

   2. Bent downward; deflexed.


   De*flec"tion   (?),   n.   [L.   deflexio,   fr.  deflectere:  cf.  F.

   1. The act of turning aside, or state of being turned aside; a turning
   from  a  right  line  or  proper  course;  a  bending,  esp. downward;

     The  other  leads  to  the same point, through certain deflections.

   2. (Gunnery) The deviation of a shot or ball from its true course.

   3.  (Opt.)  A  deviation of the rays of light toward the surface of an
   opaque body; inflection; diffraction.

   4.  (Engin.) The bending which a beam or girder undergoes from its own
   weight or by reason of a load.


   De*flec`tion*i*za"tion  (?),  n.  The act of freeing from inflections.


   De*flec"tion*ize (?), v. t. To free from inflections.

     Deflectionized languages are said to be analytic. Earle.


   De*flect"ive  (?),  a.  Causing  deflection. Deflective forces, forces
   that cause a body to deviate from its course.


   De*flect"or  (?),  n. (Mech.) That which deflects, as a diaphragm in a
   furnace,  or a come in a lamp (to deflect and mingle air and gases and
   help combustion).


   De*flexed" (?), a. Bent abruptly downward.


   De*flex"ion (?), n. See Deflection.


   De*flex"ure  (?),  n.  [From  L. deflectere, deflexum. See Deflect.] A
   bending or turning aside; deflection. Bailey.


   De*flo"rate (?), a. [LL. defloratus, p. p. of deflorare. See Deflour.]
   (Bot.) Past the flowering state; having shed its pollen. Gray.


   Def`lo*ra"tion (?), n. [LL. defloratio: cf. F. d\'82floration.]

   1. The act of deflouring; as, the defloration if a virgin. Johnson.

   2.  That  which  is  chosen  as  the  flower or choicest part; careful
   culling or selection. [R.]

     The  laws  of  Normandy are, in a great measure, the defloration of
     the English laws. Sir M. Hale.


   De*flour"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Defloured (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deflouring.]  [F.  d\'82florer,  LL. deflorare; L. de- + flos, floris,
   flower. See Flower, and cf. Deflorate.]

   1. To deprive of flowers.

   2.  To take away the prime beauty and grace of; to rob of the choicest

     He died innocent and before the sweetness of his soul was defloured
     and ravished from him. Jer. Taylor.

   3.  To  deprive of virginity, as a woman; to violate; to ravish; also,
   to seduce.


   De*flour"er (?), n. One who deflours; a ravisher.


   De*flow" (?), v. i. [Pref. de- + flow: cf. L. defluere.] To flow down.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   De*flow"er (?), v. t. [Pref. de- + flower.] Same as Deflour.

     An earthquake . . . deflowering the gardens. W. Montagu.

     If a man had deflowered a virgin. Milton.


   De*flow"er*er (?), n. See Deflourer. Milton.


   Def"lu*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  defluus,  fr.  defluere to flow down; de- +
   fluere to flow.] Flowing down; falling off. [Obs.] Bailey.


   De*flux" (?), n. [L. defluxus, fr. defluere, defluxum.] Downward flow.
   [Obs.] Bacon.


   De*flux"ion  (?),  n.  [L. defluxio.] (Med.) A discharge or flowing of
   humors or fluid matter, as from the nose in catarrh; -- sometimes used
   synonymously with inflammation. Dunglison.


   Def"ly (?), adv. Deftly. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Def`\'d2*da"tion (?), n. Defedation. [Obs.]

                             Defoliate, Defoliated

   De*fo"li*ate  (?),  De*fo"li*a`ted  (?).  a. Deprived of leaves, as by
   their natural fall.


   De*fo`li*a"tion (?), n. [LL. defoliare, defoliatum, to shed leaves; L.
   de-  +  folium leaf: cf. F. d\'82foliation.] The separation of ripened
   leaves from a branch or stem; the falling or shedding of the leaves.


   De*force"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Deforced (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deforcing.]  [OF. deforcier; de- or des- (L. de or dis-) + forcier, F.
   forcer.  See  Force, v.] (Law) (a) To keep from the rightful owner; to
   withhold  wrongfully the possession of, as of lands or a freehold. (b)
   (Scots Law) To resist the execution of the law; to oppose by force, as
   an officer in the execution of his duty. Burrill.


   De*force"ment (?), n. [OF.] (Law) (a) A keeping out by force or wrong;
   a wrongful withholding, as of lands or tenements, to which another has
   a  right. (b) (Scots Law) Resistance to an officer in the execution of
   law. Burrill.


   De*force"or (?), n. Same as Deforciant. [Obs.]


   De*for"ciant  (?),  n.  [OF.  deforciant,  p.  pr.  of  deforcier. See
   Deforce.]  (Eng. Law) (a) One who keeps out of possession the rightful
   owner  of  an estate. (b) One against whom a fictitious action of fine
   was brought. [Obs.] Burrill.


   De*for`ci*a"tion (?), n. (Law) Same as Deforcement, n.

   Page 383


   De*for"est  (?),  v.  t.  To  clear  of  forests;  to dis U. S. Agric.


   De*form"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Deformed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deforming.]  [L.  deformare;  de- + formare to form, shape, fr. forma:
   cf. F. d\'82former. See Form.]

   1. To spoil the form of; to mar in form; to misshape; to disfigure.

     Deformed,  unfinished,  sent  before  my  time  Into this breathing
     world. Shak.

   2.  To  render  displeasing;  to  deprive  of  comeliness,  grace,  or
   perfection; to dishonor.

     Above those passions that this world deform. Thomson.


   De*form",  a.  [L.  deformis;  de-  +  forma form: cf. OF. deforme, F.
   difforme. Cf. Difform.] Deformed; misshapen; shapeless; horrid. [Obs.]

     Sight  so  deform  what  heart  of rock could long Dry-eyed behold?


   Def`or*ma"tion (?), n. [L. deformatio: cf. F. d\'82formation.]

   1. The act of deforming, or state of anything deformed. Bp. Hall.

   2. Transformation; change of shape.


   De*formed" (?), a. Unnatural or distorted in form; having a deformity;
   misshapen;  disfigured;  as,  a  deformed  person; a deformed head. --
   De*form"ed*ly (#), adv. -- De*form"ed*ness, n.


   De*form"er (?), n. One who deforms.


   De*form"i*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Deformities  (#).  [L.  deformitas,  fr.
   deformis:  cf.  OF.  deformet\'82, deformit\'82, F. difformit\'82. See
   Deform, v. & a., and cf. Disformity.]

   1.  The  state of being deformed; want of proper form or symmetry; any
   unnatural   form  or  shape;  distortion;  irregularity  of  shape  or
   features; ugliness.

     To  make  an  envious  mountain on my back, Where sits deformity to
     mock my body. Shak.

   2.  Anything  that destroys beauty, grace, or propriety; irregularity;
   absurdity;  gross  deviation  from  other  or  the established laws of
   propriety; as, deformity in an edifice; deformity of character.

     Confounded, that her Maker's eyes Should look so near upon her foul
     deformities. Milton.


   De*fors"er   (?),  n.  [From  Deforce.]  [Written  also  deforsor.]  A
   deforciant. [Obs.] Blount.


   De*foul" (?), v. t. [See Defile, v. t.]

   1. To tread down. [Obs.] Wyclif.

   2. To make foul; to defile. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   De*fraud"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Defrauded;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Defrauding.]  [L.  defraudare;  de-  +  fraudare  to cheat, fr. fraus,
   fraudis,  fraud:  cf.  OF.  defrauder.  See Fraud.] To deprive of some
   right,  interest, or property, by a deceitful device; to withhold from
   wrongfully;  to injure by embezzlement; to cheat; to overreach; as, to
   defraud  a servant, or a creditor, or the state; -- with of before the
   thing taken or withheld.

     We have defrauded no man. 2 Cor. vii. 2.

     Churches seem injured and defrauded of their rights. Hooker.


   De`frau*da"tion  (?), n. [L. defraudatio: cf. F. d\'82fraudation.] The
   act of defrauding; a taking by fraud. [R.] Sir T. Browne.


   De*fraud"er  (?),  n.  One  who  defrauds;  a  cheat;  an embezzler; a


   De*fraud"ment  (?),  n.  [Cf.  OF.  defraudement.] Privation by fraud;
   defrauding. [Obs.] Milton.


   De*fray"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Defrayed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Defraying.]  [F.  d\'82frayer;  pref.  d\'82-  (L. de or dis-) + frais
   expense,  fr.  LL.  fredum, fridum, expense, fine by which an offender
   obtained  peace  from  his  sovereign,  or  more likely, atoned for an
   offense against the public peace, fr. OHG. fridu peace, G. friede. See

   1.  To  pay or discharge; to serve in payment of; to provide for, as a
   charge, debt, expenses, costs, etc.

     For  the  discharge  of  his  expenses,  and defraying his cost, he
     allowed him . . . four times as much. Usher.

   2.  To  avert  or appease, as by paying off; to satisfy; as, to defray
   wrath. [Obs.] Spenser.


   De*fray"al  (?), n. The act of defraying; payment; as, the defrayal of
   necessary costs.


   De*fray"er (?), n. One who pays off expenses.


   De*fray"ment (?), n. Payment of charges.


   Deft  (?), a. [OE. daft, deft, becoming, mild, gentle, stupid (cf. OE.
   daffe,  deffe,  fool, coward), AS. d\'91ft (in derivatives only) mild,
   gentle,  fitting,  seasonable;  akin to dafen, gedafen, becoming, fit,
   Goth. gadaban to be fit. Cf. Daft, Daff, Dapper.] Apt; fit; dexterous;
   clever;  handy;  spruce;  neat. [Archaic or Poetic] "The deftest way."
   Shak. "Deftest feats." Gay.

     The limping god, do deft at his new ministry. Dryden.

     Let me be deft and debonair. Byron.


   Deft"ly,  adv. [Cf. Defly.] Aptly; fitly; dexterously; neatly. "Deftly
   dancing." Drayton.

     Thyself and office deftly show. Shak.


   Deft"ness, n. The quality of being deft. Drayton.


   De*funct" (?). a. [L. defunctus, p. p. of defungi to acquit one's self
   of, to perform, finish, depart, die; de + fungi to perform, discharge:
   cf.  F.  d\'82funt. See Function.] Having finished the course of life;
   dead; deceased. "Defunct organs." Shak.

     The boar, defunct, lay tripped up, near. Byron.


   De*funct", n. A dead person; one deceased.


   De*func"tion (?), n. [L. defunctio performance, death.] Death. [Obs.]

     After defunction of King Pharamond. Shak.


   De*func"tive (?), a. Funereal. [Obs.] "Defunctive music." Shak.


   De*fuse"  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf. Diffuse.] To disorder; to make shapeless.
   [Obs.] Shak.


   De*fy"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Defied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Defying.]
   [F.  d\'82fier, OF. deffier, desfier, LL. disfidare to disown faith or
   fidelity,  to  dissolve  the bond of allegiance, as between the vassal
   and  his  lord;  hence, to challenge, defy; fr. L. dis- + fides faith.
   See Faith, and cf. Diffident, Affiance.]

   1. To renounce or dissolve all bonds of affiance, faith, or obligation
   with; to reject, refuse, or renounce. [Obs.]

     I defy the surety and the bond. Chaucer.

     For thee I have defied my constant mistress. Beau. & Fl.

   2.  To  provoke  to  combat  or  strife;  to  call  out  to combat; to
   challenge;  to  dare;  to  brave;  to  set  at defiance; to treat with
   contempt;  as, to defy an enemy; to defy the power of a magistrate; to
   defy the arguments of an opponent; to defy public opinion.

     I once again Defy thee to the trial of mortal fight. Milton.

     I defy the enemies of our constitution to show the contrary. Burke.


   De*fy" (?), n. A challenge. [Obs.] Dryden.


   De*gar"nish  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Degarnished (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Degarnishing.]  [F. d\'82garnir; pref. d\'82-, des- (L. dis-) + garnir
   to furnish. See Garnish, and cf. Disgarnish.]

   1.  To strip or deprive of entirely, as of furniture, ornaments, etc.;
   to disgarnish; as, to degarnish a house, etc. [R.]

   2.  To  deprive of a garrison, or of troops necessary for defense; as,
   to degarnish a city or fort. [R.] Washington.


   De*gar"nish*ment  (?),  n.  The  act  of  depriving,  as of furniture,
   apparatus, or a garrison. [R.]

                               Degender, Degener

   De*gen"der  (?), De*gen"er (?), v. i. [See Degenerate.] To degenerate.
   [Obs.] "Degendering to hate." Spenser.

     He degenereth into beastliness. Joye.


   De*gen"er*a*cy (?), n. [From Degenerate, a.]

   1. The act of becoming degenerate; a growing worse.

     Willful degeneracy from goodness. Tillotson.

   2.  The  state of having become degenerate; decline in good qualities;
   deterioration; meanness.

     Degeneracy of spirit in a state of slavery. Addison.

     To   recover   mankind   out  of  their  universal  corruption  and
     degeneracy. S. Clarke.


   De*gen"er*ate  (?),  a.  [L.  degeneratus,  p.  p.  of  degenerare  to
   degenerate,  cause  to  degenerate, fr. degener base, degenerate, that
   departs  from  its  race  or  kind;  de-  +  genus race, kind. See Kin
   relationship.]  Having  become  worse than one's kind, or one's former
   state;   having   declined   in   worth;   having  lost  in  goodness;
   deteriorated; degraded; unworthy; base; low.

     Faint-hearted and degenerate king. Shak.

     A degenerate and degraded state. Milton.

     Degenerate from their ancient blood. Swift.

     These degenerate days. Pope.

     I  had  planted  thee a noble vine . . . : how then art thou turned
     into the degenerate plant of a strange vine unto me? Jer. ii. 21.


   De*gen"er*ate  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Degenerated; p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  be  or grow worse than one's kind, or than one was originally;
   hence,  to  be  inferior;  to grow poorer, meaner, or more vicious; to
   decline in good qualities; to deteriorate.

     When  wit  transgresseth decency, it degenerates into insolence and
     impiety. Tillotson.

   2.  (Biol.)  To  fall  off  from  the  normal  quality  or the healthy
   structure of its kind; to become of a lower type.


   De*gen"er*ate*ly (?), adv. In a degenerate manner; unworthily.


   De*gen"er*ate*ness, n. Degeneracy.


   De*gen`er*a"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82g\'82n\'82ration.]

   1.  The  act  or state of growing worse, or the state of having become
   worse; decline; degradation; debasement; degeneracy; deterioration.

     Our degeneration and apostasy. Bates.

   2.  (Physiol.)  That  condition  of  a tissue or an organ in which its
   vitality  has become either diminished or perverted; a substitution of
   a  lower for a higher form of structure; as, fatty degeneration of the

   3.  (Biol.) A gradual deterioration, from natural causes, of any class
   of   animals  or  plants  or  any  particular  or  organs;  hereditary
   degradation of type.

   4. The thing degenerated. [R.]

     Cockle, aracus, . . . and other degenerations. Sir T. Browne.

   Amyloid  degeneration,  Caseous  degeneration, etc. See under Amyloid,
   Caseous, etc.


   De*gen`er*a"tion*ist,   n.   (Biol.)  A  believer  in  the  theory  of
   degeneration,   or   hereditary   degradation   of   type;   as,   the
   degenerationists hold that savagery is the result of degeneration from
   a superior state.


   De*gen"er*a*tive (?), a. Undergoing or producing degeneration; tending
   to degenerate.


   De*gen"er*ous  (?), a. [L. degener. See Degenerate.] Degenerate; base.
   [Obs.] "Degenerous passions." Dryden. "Degenerous practices." South.


   De*gen"er*ous*ly, adv. Basely. [Obs.]


   De*glaz"ing  (?), n. The process of giving a dull or ground surface to
   glass by acid or by mechanical means. Knight.


   De*glo"ried (?), a. Deprived of glory; dishonored. [Obs.] "With thorns
   degloried." G. Fletcher.


   De*glu"ti*nate  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Deglutinated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deglutinating.] [L. deglutinatus, p. p. of deglutinare to deglutinate;
   de-  +  glutinare  to  glue,  gluten  glue.]  To loosen or separate by
   dissolving the glue which unties; to unglue.


   De*glu`ti*na"tion (?), n. The act of ungluing.


   Deg`lu*ti"tion (?), n. [L. deglutire to swallow down; de- + glutire to
   swallow:  cf.  F.  d\'82glutition.  See  Glut.]  The act or process of
   swallowing food; the power of swallowing.

     The muscles employed in the act of deglutition. Paley.


   Deg`lu*ti"tious (?), a. Pertaining to deglutition. [R.]


   De*glu"ti*to*ry (?), a. Serving for, or aiding in, deglutition.


   Deg`ra*da"tion  (?),  n.  [LL.  degradatio,  from  degradare:  cf.  F.
   d\'82gradation. See Degrade.]

   1.  The  act  of  reducing  in  rank,  character, or reputation, or of
   abasing;  a lowering from one's standing or rank in office or society;
   diminution;  as,  the degradation of a peer, a knight, a general, or a

     He  saw  many  removes and degradations in all the other offices of
     which he had been possessed. Clarendon.

   2.  The  state  of  being  reduced  in rank, character, or reputation;
   baseness;  moral,  physical,  or  intellectual  degeneracy;  disgrace;
   abasement; debasement.

     The . . . degradation of a needy man of letters. Macaulay.

     Deplorable is the degradation of our nature. South.

     Moments  there  frequently  must  be,  when  a sidegradation of his
     state. Blair.

   3.   Diminution   or   reduction  of  strength,  efficacy,  or  value;
   degeneration; deterioration.

     The  development  and  degradation  of  the alphabetic forms can be
     traced. I. Taylor (The Alphabet).

   4.  (Geol.)  A gradual wearing down or wasting, as of rocks and banks,
   by the action of water, fro

   5. (Biol.) The state or condition of a species or group which exhibits
   degraded forms; degeneration.

     The  degradation  of  the  species  man  is observed in some of its
     varieties. Dana.

   6.  (Physiol.) Arrest of development, or degeneration of any organ, or
   of the body as a whole.
   Degradation  of  energy,  OR  Dissipation  of  energy  (Physics),  the
   transformation  of energy into some form in which it is less available
   for doing work. Syn. -- Abasement; debasement; reduction; decline.


   De*grade"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Degraded;  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Degrading.]  [F. d\'82grader, LL. degradare, fr. L. de- + gradus step,
   degree. See Grade, and cf. Degree.]

   1.  To  reduce  from  a  higher to a lower rank or degree; to lower in
   rank'  to  deprive  of  office  or dignity; to strip of honors; as, to
   degrade a nobleman, or a general officer.

     Prynne  was sentenced by the Star Chamber Court to be degraded from
     the bar. Palfrey.

   2.  To  reduce  in estimation, character, or reputation; to lessen the
   value  of; to lower the physical, moral, or intellectual character of;
   to  debase;  to  bring  shame  or contempt upon; to disgrace; as, vice
   degrades a man.

     O  miserable mankind, to what fall Degraded, to what wretched state
     reserved! Milton.

     He  pride  .  .  .  struggled  hard against this degrading passion.

   3. (Geol.) To reduce in altitude or magnitude, as hills and mountains;
   to wear down. Syn. -- To abase; demean; lower; reduce. See Abase.


   De*grade",  v.  i.  (Biol.)  To degenerate; to pass from a higher to a
   lower  type  of  structure; as, a family of plants or animals degrades
   through this or that genus or group of genera.


   De*grad"ed (?), a.

   1.  Reduced  in  rank, character, or reputation; debased; sunken; low;

     The  Netherlands  . . . were reduced practically to a very degraded
     condition. Motley.

   2.  (Biol.)  Having  the  typical  characters or organs in a partially
   developed condition, or lacking certain parts.

     Some families of plants are degraded dicotyledons. Dana.

   3.  [Cf.  F.  degr\'82  step.] (Her.) Having steps; -- said of a cross
   each  of  whose  extremities  finishes in steps growing larger as they
   leave the center; -- termed also on degrees.


   De*grade"ment (?), n. Deprivation of rank or office; degradation. [R.]


   De*grad"ing*ly, adv. In a degrading manner.


   Deg`ra*va"tion  (?),  n. [L. degravare, degravatum, to make heavy. See
   Grave, a.] The act of making heavy. [Obs.] Bailey.


   De*gree"  (?),  n.  [F.  degr\'82,  OF. degret, fr. LL. degradare. See

   1. A step, stair, or staircase. [Obs.]

     By ladders, or else by degree. Rom. of R.

   2.  One  of  a  series  of  progressive  steps  upward or downward, in
   quality,  rank,  acquirement,  and  the  like; a stage in progression;
   grade;  gradation;  as, degrees of vice and virtue; to advance by slow
   degrees; degree of comparison.

   3.  The  point  or  step of progression to which a person has arrived;
   rank or station in life; position. "A dame of high degree." Dryden. "A
   knight is your degree." Shak. "Lord or lady of high degree." Lowell.

   4.  Measure of advancement; quality; extent; as, tastes differ in kind
   as well as in degree.

     The  degree  of  excellence which proclaims genius, is different in
     different times and different places. Sir. J. Reynolds.

   5.  Grade  or  rank  to  which  scholars  are admitted by a college or
   university,  in  recognition  of  their attainments; as, the degree of
   bachelor of arts, master, doctor, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; In the United States diplomas are usually given as the
     evidence  of a degree conferred. In the humanities the first degree
     is  that  of  bachelor of arts (B. A. or A. B.); the second that of
     master  of  arts (M. A. or A. M.). The degree of bachelor (of arts,
     science,  divinity, law, etc.) is conferred upon those who complete
     a  prescribed  course  of  undergraduate study. The first degree in
     medicine  is  that  of  doctor  of medicine (M. D.). The degrees of
     master  and  doctor  are sometimes conferred, in course, upon those
     who  have  completed  certain  prescribed  postgraduate studies, as
     doctor  of  philosophy  (Ph. D.); but more frequently the degree of
     doctor  is  conferred  as  a  complimentary  recognition of eminent
     services   in  science  or  letters,  or  for  public  services  or
     distinction  (as  doctor of laws (LL. D.) or doctor of divinity (D.
     D.), when they are called honorary degrees.

   <-- by 1960 the Ph. D. was more common than the honorary degree. -->

     The  youth attained his bachelor's degree, and left the university.

   5.  (Genealogy)  A  certain distance or remove in the line of descent,
   determining  the  proximity  of  blood;  one  remove  in  the chain of
   relationship; as, a relation in the third or fourth degree.

     In  the 11th century an opinion began to gain ground in Italy, that
     third cousins might marry, being in the seventh degree according to
     the civil law. Hallam.

   Page 384

   7.  (Arith.)  Three figures taken together in numeration; thus, 140 is
   one degree, 222,140 two degrees.

   8.   (Algebra)   State   as   indicated  by  sum  of  exponents;  more
   particularly,  the  degree  of  a  term is indicated by the sum of the
   exponents  of  its literal factors; thus, a2b2c is a term of the sixth
   degree.  The  degree  of a power, or radical, is denoted by its index,
   that  of  an  equation  by  the  greatest  sum of the exponents of the
   unknown quantities in any term; thus, ax4 + bx2 = c, and mx2y2 + nyx =
   p, are both equations of the fourth degree.

   9.  (Trig.)  A 360th part of the circumference of a circle, which part
   is  taken  as  the  principal unit of measure for arcs and angles. The
   degree is divided into 60 minutes and the minute into 60 seconds.

   10.  A division, space, or interval, marked on a mathematical or other
   instrument, as on a thermometer.

   11. (Mus.) A line or space of the staff.

     NOTE: &hand; The short lines and their spaces are added degrees.

   Accumulation  of  degrees.  (Eng. Univ.) See under Accumulation. -- By
   degrees,  step by step; by little and little; by moderate advances. "I
   'll  leave by degrees." Shak. -- Degree of a curve OR surface (Geom.),
   the  number which expresses the degree of the equation of the curve or
   surface  in  rectilinear  co\'94rdinates.  A  straight  line  will, in
   general,  meet the curve or surface in a number of points equal to the
   degree  of  the  curve  or  surface and no more. -- Degree of latitude
   (Geog.),  on  the  earth,  the  distance  on  a  meridian  between two
   parallels  of  latitude  whose latitudes differ from each other by one
   degree.  This  distance  is  not  the  same  on  different  parts of a
   meridian,  on  account  of  the  flattened  figure of the earth, being
   68.702  statute  miles  at  the  equator,  and 69.396 at the poles. --
   Degree  of  longitude,  the distance on a parallel of latitude between
   two  meridians that make an angle of one degree with each other at the
   poles  -- a distance which varies as the cosine of the latitude, being
   at  the  equator  69.16  statute miles. -- To a degree, to an extreme;
   exceedingly; as, mendacious to a degree.

     It has been said that Scotsmen . . . are . . . grave to a degree on
     occasions when races more favored by nature are gladsome to excess.
     Prof. Wilson.


   De"gu  (?), n. [Native name.] (Zo\'94l.) A small South American rodent
   (Octodon Cumingii), of the family Octodontid\'91.


   De*gust"  (?),  v.  t.  [L. degustare: cf. F. d\'82guster. See Gust to
   taste.] To taste. [Obs.] Cockeram.


   Deg`us*ta"tion   (?),  n.  [L.  degustatio:  cf.  F.  d\'82gustation.]
   (Physiol.)  Tasting;  the appreciation of sapid qualities by the taste
   organs. Bp. Hall.


   De*hisce"  (?),  v. i. [L. dehiscere; de- + hiscere to gape.] To gape;
   to open by dehiscence.


   De*his"cence (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82hiscence.]

   1. The act of gaping.

   2.  (Biol.)  A  gaping  or  bursting  open  along  a  definite line of
   attachment  or  suture, without tearing, as in the opening of pods, or
   the  bursting of capsules at maturity so as to emit seeds, etc.; also,
   the  bursting open of follicles, as in the ovaries of animals, for the
   expulsion of their contents.


   De*his"cent   (?),   a.   [L.   dehiscens,   -entis,  p.  pr.  Cf.  F.
   d\'82hiscent.]  Characterized  by dehiscence; opening in some definite
   way, as the capsule of a plant.


   De`ho*nes"tate  (?),  v.  t. [L. dehonestatus, p. p. of dehonestare to
   dishonor;  de-  +  honestare to make honorable. Cf. Dishonest, and see
   Honest.] To disparage. [Obs.]


   De*hon`es*ta"tion   (?),   n.   [L.   dehonestatio.]   A  dishonoring;
   disgracing. [Obs.] Gauden.


   De*horn"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Dehorned (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Dehorning.] To deprive of horns; to prevent the growth or the horns of
   (cattle)  by  burning  their  ends soon after they start. See Dishorn.
   "Dehorning cattle." Farm Journal (1886).


   De*hors"  (?), prep. [F., outside.] (Law) Out of; without; foreign to;
   out of the agreement, record, will, or other instrument.


   De*hors",  n.  (Mil.)  All sorts of outworks in general, at a distance
   from  the  main  works;  any  advanced  works for protection or cover.


   De*hort"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Dehorted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Dehorting.]  [L. dehortari; de- + hortari to urge, exhort.] To urge to
   abstain or refrain; to dissuade. [Obs.]

     The apostles vehemently dehort us from unbelief. Bp. Ward.

     "Exhort" remains, but dehort, a word whose place neither "dissuade"
     nor any other exactly supplies, has escaped us. Trench.


   De`hor*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  dehortatio.] Dissuasion; advice against
   something. [R.]


   De*hort"a*tive (?), a. Dissuasive. [R.]


   De*hort"a*to*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  dehortatorius.]  Fitted or designed to
   dehort or dissuade. Bp. Hall.


   De*hort"er (?), n. A dissuader; an adviser to the contrary. [Obs.]


   De*hu"man*ize  (?),  v. t. To divest of human qualities, such as pity,
   tenderness, etc.; as, dehumanizing influences.


   De*husk"  (?),  v.  t. To remove the husk from. [Obs.] "Wheat dehusked
   upon the floor." Drant.


   De*hy"drate  (?),  v.  t.  (Chem.) To deprive of water; to render free
   from water; as, to dehydrate alcohol.


   De`hy*dra"tion  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  The  act or process of freeing from
   water;  also,  the  condition  of a body from which the water has been


   De*hy"dro*gen*ate  (?),  v.  t.  (Chem.)  To deprive of, or free from,


   De*hy`dro*gen*a"tion  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  The act or process or freeing
   from  hydrogen;  also,  the  condition  resulting  from the removal of


   De"i*cide  (?),  n.  [L.  deicida  a  deicide (in sense 2); deus god +
   c\'91dere to cut, kill: cf. F. d\'82icide.]

   1.  The  act  of killing a being of a divine nature; particularly, the
   putting to death of Jesus Christ. [R.]

     Earth profaned, yet blessed, with deicide. Prior.

   2. One concerned in putting Christ to death.


   Deic"tic  (?), a. [Gr. (Logic) Direct; proving directly; -- applied to
   reasoning, and opposed to elenchtic or refutative.


   Deic"tic*al*ly  (?),  adv. In a manner to show or point out; directly;
   absolutely; definitely.

     When Christ spake it deictically. Hammond.

                               Deific, Deifical

   De*if"ic  (?),  De*if"ic*al (?), a. [L. deificus; deus god + facere to
   make: cf. F. d\'82ifigue.] Making divine; producing a likeness to God;
   god-making. "A deifical communion." Homilies.


   De`i*fi*ca"tion   (?),   n.   [LL.   deificare   to   deify:   cf.  F.
   d\'82ification.  See Deify.] The act of deifying; exaltation to divine
   honors; apotheosis; excessive praise.


   De"i*fied  (?),  a.  Honored  or  worshiped  as  a deity; treated with
   supreme regard; godlike.


   De"i*fi`er (?), n. One who deifies.


   De"i*form (?), a. [L. deus a god + -form.]

   1. Godlike, or of a godlike form. Dr. H. More.

   2. Conformable to the will of God. [R.] Bp. Burnet.


   De`i*for"mi*ty (?), n. Likeness to deity. [Obs.]


   De"i*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Deified  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deifying.] [F. d\'82ifier, LL. deificare, fr. L. deificus. See Deific,
   Deity, -fy.]

   1.  To make a god of; to exalt to the rank of a deity; to enroll among
   the deities; to apotheosize; as, Julius C\'91sar was deified.

   2.  To  praise  or revere as a deity; to treat as an object of supreme
   regard; as, to deify money.

     He did again to extol and deify the pope. Bacon.

   3. To render godlike.

     By our own spirits are we deified. Wordsworth.


   Deign (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Deigned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Deigning.]
   [OE. deinen, deignen, OF. degner, deigner, daigner, F. daigner, fr. L.
   dignari to deem worthy, deign, fr. dignus worthy; akin to decere to be
   fitting. See Decent, and cf. Dainty, Dignity, Condign, Disdain.]

   1.  To esteem worthy; to consider worth notice; -- opposed to disdain.

     I fear my Julia would not deign my lines. Shak.

   2. To condescend to give or bestow; to stoop to furnish; to vouchsafe;
   to allow; to grant.

     Nor would we deign him burial of his men. Shak.


   Deign, v. i. To think worthy; to vouchsafe; to condescend; -- followed
   by an infinitive.

     O deign to visit our forsaken seats. Pope.

     Yet not Lord Cranstone deigned she greet. Sir W. Scott.

     Round  turned  he,  as  not  deigning  Those  craven  ranks to see.

     NOTE: In early English deign was often used impersonally.

     Him deyneth not to set his foot to ground. Chaucer.


   Deign"ous  (?),  a.  [For disdeignous, OF. desdeignos, desdaigneus, F.
   d\'82daigneux. See Disdain.] Haughty; disdainful. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Deil  (?),  n.  Devil;  -- spelt also deel. [Scot.] Deil's buckie. See
   under Buckie.


   Dei*noc"e*ras (?), n. [NL.] (Paleon.) See Dinoceras.


   Dei*nor"nis (?), n. [NL.] (Paleon.) See Dinornis.


   Dei"no*saur (?), n. [NL.] (Paleon.) See Dinosaur.


   Dei`no*the"ri*um (?), n. [NL.] (Paleon.) See Dinotherium.


   De*in"te*grate  (?),  v. t. [L. deintegrare to impair; de- + integrare
   to make whole.] To disintegrate. [Obs.]

                             Deinteous, Deintevous

   Dein"te*ous  (?), Dein"te*vous (?), a. Rare; excellent; costly. [Obs.]


   De*ip"a*rous  (?), a. [L. deus a god + parere to bring forth.] Bearing
   or bringing forth a god; -- said of the Virgin Mary. [Obs.] Bailey.


   Deip*nos"o*phist  (?), n. [Gr. One of an ancient sect of philosophers,
   who cultivated learned conversation at meals.


   De"is (?), n. See Dais.


   De"ism  (?),  n.  [L.  deus  god:  cf.  F.  d\'82isme. See Deity.] The
   doctrine  or  creed  of  a  deist;  the  belief or system of those who
   acknowledge the existence of one God, but deny revelation.

     NOTE: &hand; Deism is the belief in natural religion only, or those
     truths,  in  doctrine and practice, which man is to discover by the
     light  of  reason,  independent  of any revelation from God. Hence,
     deism  implies  infidelity,  or a disbelief in the divine origin of
     the Scriptures.


   De"ist  (?),  n.  [L.  deus god: cf. F. d\'82iste. See Deity.] One who
   believes  in  the  existence of a God, but denies revealed religion; a

     NOTE: &hand; A  de ist, as  de nying a  revelation, is opposed to a
     Christian;  as,  opposed to the denier of a God, whether atheist or
     patheist, a deist is generally denominated theist.

   Latham. Syn. -- See Infidel.

                              Deistic, Deistical

   De*is"tic  (?),  De*is"tic*al  (?),  a. Pertaining to, savoring of, or
   consisting in, deism; as, a deistic writer; a deistical book.

     The deistical or antichristian scheme. I. Watts.


   De*is"tic*al*ly, adv. After the manner of deists.


   De*is"tic*al*ness, n. State of being deistical.


   De"i*tate (?), a. Deified. [Obs.] Granmer.


   De"i*ty  (?),  n.; pl. Deities (#). [OE. deite, F. d\'82it\'82, fr. L.
   deitas,  fr.  deus  a  god; akin to divus divine, Jupiter, gen. Jovis,
   Jupiter, dies day, Gr. d divine, as a noun, god, daiva divine, dy sky,
   day, hence, the sky personified as a god, and to the first syllable of
   E. Tuesday, Gael. & Ir. dia God, W. duw. Cf. Divine, Journey, Journal,

   1.  The  collection  of  attributes which make up the nature of a god;
   divinity;  godhead;  as, the deity of the Supreme Being is seen in his

     They  declared  with  emphasis  the  perfect  deity and the perfect
     manhood of Christ. Milman.

   2. A god or goddess; a heathen god.

     To worship calves, the deities

     Of Egypt. Milton.

   The Deity, God, the Supreme Being.

     This   great   poet   and  philosopher  [Simonides],  the  more  he
     contemplated  the  nature of the Deity, found that he waded but the
     more out of his depth. Addison.


   De*ject"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Dejected;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Dejecting.]  [L.  dejectus,  p.  p.  of  dejicere to throw down; de- +
   jacere to throw. See Jet a shooting forth.]

   1. To cast down. [Obs. or Archaic]

     Christ dejected himself even unto the hells. Udall.

     Sometimes  she  dejects  her  eyes  in a seeming civility; and many
     mistake in her a cunning for a modest look. Fuller.

   2.  To  cast  down  the  spirits  of;  to  dispirit; to discourage; to

     Nor think, to die dejects my lofty mind. Pope.


   De*ject", a. [L. dejectus, p. p.] Dejected. [Obs.]


   De*jec"ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  neut.  pl.  from  L. dejectus, p. p.]
   Excrements; as, the dejecta of the sick.


   De*ject"ed, a. Cast down; afflicted; low-spirited; sad; as, a dejected
   look or countenance. -- De*ject"ed*ly, adv. -- De*ject"ed*ness, n.


   De*ject"er (?), n. One who casts down, or dejects.


   De*jec"tion (?), n. [L. dejectio a casting down: cf. F. d\'82jection.]

   1. A casting down; depression. [Obs. or Archaic] Hallywell.

   2. The act of humbling or abasing one's self.

     Adoration implies submission and dejection. Bp. Pearson.

   3.  Lowness  of  spirits  occasioned  by  grief  or misfortune; mental
   depression; melancholy.

     What  besides,  Of  sorrow, and dejection, and despair, Our frailty
     can sustain, thy tidings bring. Milton.

   4. A low condition; weakness; inability. [R.]

     A dejection of appetite. Arbuthnot.

   5. (Physiol.) (a) The discharge of excrement. (b) F\'91ces; excrement.


   De*ject"ly (?), adv. Dejectedly. [Obs.]


   De*jec"to*ry (?), a. [L. dejector a dejecter.]

   1. Having power, or tending, to cast down.

   2. Promoting evacuations by stool. Ferrand.


   De*jec"ture (?; 135), n. That which is voided; excrements. Arbuthnot.


   Dej"er*ate (?), v. i. [L. dejeratus, p. p. of dejerare to swear; de- +
   jurare to swear.] To swear solemnly; to take an oath. [Obs.] Cockeram.


   Dej`er*a"tion  (?),  n.  [L. dejeratio.] The act of swearing solemnly.
   [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   D\'82`jeu`n\'82" (?), n. [F.] A d\'82jeuner.

     Take a d\'82jeun\'82 of muskadel and eggs. B. Jonson.


   D\'82`jeu`ner"  (?),  n.  [F.  d\'82jeuner  breakfast,  as  a verb, to
   breakfast.  Cf.  Dinner.]  A  breakfast;  sometimes,  also, a lunch or

                                    De jure

   De` ju"re (?). [L.] By right; of right; by law; -- often opposed to be


   Dek"a- (?). (Metric System) A prefix signifying ten. See Deca-.


   Dek"a*gram (?), n. Same as Decagram.


   Dek"a*li`ter (?), n. Same as Decaliter.


   Dek"a*me`ter (?), n. Same as Decameter.


   Dek"a*stere` (?), n. Same as Decastere.


   De"kle (?), n. (Paper Making) See Deckle.


   Del (?), n. [See Deal, n.] Share; portion; part. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   De*lac`er*a"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  delacerare,  delaceratum,  to tear in
   pieces. See Lacerate.] A tearing in pieces. [Obs.] Bailey.


   De*lac`ry*ma"tion  (?),  n. [L. delacrimatio, fr. delacrimare to weep.
   See  Lachrymation.] An involuntary discharge of watery humors from the
   eyes; wateriness of the eyes. [Obs.] Bailey.


   De`lac*ta"tion  (?), n. [Pref. de- + L. lactare to suck milk, from lac
   milk.] The act of weaning. [Obs.] Bailey.


   De*laine" (?), n. [See Muslin delaine, under Muslin.] A kind of fabric
   for women's dresses.


   De*lam`i*na"tion (?), n. (Biol.) Formation and separation of lamin\'91
   or layers; one of the methods by which the various blastodermic layers
   of the ovum are differentiated.

     NOTE: &hand; This process consists of a concentric splitting of the
     cells  of  the  blastosphere  into an outer layer (epiblast) and an
     inner  layer  (hypoblast).  By  the  perforation  of  the resultant
     two-walled  vesicle,  a  gastrula results similar to that formed by
     the process of invagination.


   De`lap*sa"tion (?), n. See Delapsion. Ray.


   De*lapse"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Delapsed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Delapsing.]  [L. delapsus, p. p. of delabi to fall down; de- + labi to
   fall or side.] To pass down by inheritance; to lapse. [Obs.]

     Which  Anne  derived  alone  the  right,  before  all other, Of the
     delapsed crown from Philip. Drayton.

   Page 385


   De*lap"sion (?), n. A falling down, or out of place; prolapsion.


   De`las*sa"tion  (?),  n. [L. delassare, delassatum, to tire out; de- +
   lassare to tire.] Fatigue.

     Able to continue without delassation. Ray.


   De*late"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Delated; p. pr. & vb. n. Delating.]
   [L. delatus, used as p. p. of deferre. See Tolerate, and cf. 3d Defer,
   Delay, v.] [Obs. or Archaic]

   1. To carry; to convey.

     Try exactly the time wherein sound is delated. Bacon.

   2. To carry abroad; to spread; to make public.

     When the crime is delated or notorious. Jer. Taylor.

   3.  To  carry  or  bring  against,  as a charge; to inform against; to
   accuse; to denounce.

     As  men  were  delated,  they were marked down for such a fine. Bp.

   4. To carry on; to conduct. Warner.


   De*late", v. i. To dilate. [Obs.] Goodwin.


   De*la"tion (?), n. [L. delatio accusation: cf. F. d\'82lation.]

   1. Conveyance. [Obs. or Archaic]

     In  delation  of  sounds,  the  inclosure  of them preserveth them.

   2. (Law) Accusation by an informer. Milman.


   De*la"tor (?), n. [L.] An accuser; an informer. [R.] Howell.


   Del"a*ware  (?),  n. (Bot.) An American grape, with compact bunches of
   small, amber-colored berries, sweet and of a good flavor.


   Del"a*wares  (?), n. pl.; sing. Delaware. (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians
   formerly  inhabiting  the valley of the Delaware River, but now mostly
   located in the Indian Territory.


   De*lay"  (?),  n.;  pl.  Delays  (#).  [F. d\'82lai, fr. OF. deleer to
   delay,  or fr. L. dilatum, which, though really from a different root,
   is  used  in  Latin  only as a p. p. neut. of differre to carry apart,
   defer,  delay.  See Tolerate, and cf. Differ, Delay, v.] A putting off
   or  deferring; procrastination; lingering inactivity; stop; detention;

     Without  any  delay, on the morrow I sat on the judgment seat. Acts
     xxv. 17.

     The  government  ought  to  be  settled without the delay of a day.


   De*lay",  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Delayed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Delaying.]
   [OF.  deleer,  delaier,  fr.  the  noun  d\'82lai,  or directly fr. L.
   dilatare  to  enlarge,  dilate, in LL., to put off. See Delay, n., and
   cf. Delate, 1st Defer, Dilate.]

   1.  To  put off; to defer; to procrastinate; to prolong the time of or

     My lord delayeth his coming. Matt. xxiv. 48.

   2.  To  retard;  to stop, detain, or hinder, for a time; to retard the
   motion,  or  time  of  arrival, of; as, the mail is delayed by a heavy
   fall of snow.

     Thyrsis!  whose  artful strains have oft delayed The huddling brook
     to hear his madrigal. Milton.

   3. To allay; to temper. [Obs.]

     The watery showers delay the raging wind. Surrey.


   De*lay",  v.  i.  To  move  slowly;  to stop for a time; to linger; to

     There  seem  to  be certain bounds to the quickness and slowness of
     the  succession of those ideas, . . . beyond which they can neither
     delay nor hasten. Locke.


   De*lay"er (?), n. One who delays; one who lingers.


   De*lay"ing*ly, adv. By delays. [R.] Tennyson.


   De*lay"ment (?), n. Hindrance. [Obs.] Gower.

                                  Del credere

   Del`  cred"er*e  (?).  [It.,  of belief or trust.] (Mercantile Law) An
   agreement  by  which  an  agent  or  factor,  in  consideration  of an
   additional  premium  or  commission (called a del credere commission),
   engages,  when  he  sells  goods  on  credit,  to  insure, warrant, or
   guarantee  to  his  principal  the  solvency  of  the  purchaser,  the
   engagement  of  the  factor being to pay the debt himself if it is not
   punctually discharged by the buyer when it becomes due.


   De"le  (?),  imperative  sing.  of L. delere to destroy. [Cf. Delete.]
   (Print.)  Erase;  remove; -- a direction to cancel something which has
   been  put  in  type;  usually expressed by a peculiar form of d, thus:


   De"le,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Deled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Deleing.] [From
   the  preceding word.] (Print.) To erase; to cancel; to delete; to mark
   for omission.


   Dele  (?), v. t. [See Deal.] To deal; to divide; to distribute. [Obs.]


   Del"e*ble  (?; 277), a. [L. delebilis. See 1st Dele.] Capable of being
   blotted out or erased. "An impression easily deleble." Fuller.


   De*lec"ta*ble (?), a. [OF. delitable, OF. delitable, F. d\'82lectable,
   fr.  L.  delectabilis,  fr. delectare to delight. See Delight.] Highly
   pleasing; delightful.

     Delectable both to behold and taste. Milton.

   -- De*lec"ta*ble*ness, n. -- De*lec"ta*bly, adv.


   De*lec"tate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  delectatus,  p.  p.  of delectare. See
   Delight.] To delight; to charm. [R.]


   De`lec*ta"tion  (?),  n. [L. delectatio: cf. F. d\'82lectation.] Great
   pleasure; delight.


   De*lec"tus  (?),  n.  [L.,  selection,  from  deligere,  delectum,  to
   select.]  A  name given to an elementary book for learners of Latin or
   Greek. G. Eliot.


   Del`e*ga*cy (?), n. [From Delegate, a.]

   1.  The act of delegating, or state of being delegated; deputed power.

     By way of delegacy or grand commission. Sir W. Raleigh.

   2. A body of delegates or commissioners; a delegation. [Obs.] Burton.


   Del"e*gate (?), n. [L. delegatus, p. p. of delegare to send, delegate;
   de- + legare to send with a commission, to depute. See Legate.]

   1.  Any  one  sent  and  empowered  to act for another; one deputed to
   represent; a chosen deputy; a representative; a commissioner; a vicar.

   2.  (a)  One elected by the people of a territory to represent them in
   Congress,  where  he has the right of debating, but not of voting. (b)
   One  sent  by  any  constituency  to  act  as  its representative in a
   convention; as, a delegate to a convention for nominating officers, or
   for forming or altering a constitution. [U.S.]
   Court  of  delegates,  formerly,  the  great  court of appeal from the
   archbishops'  courts  and  also from the court of admiralty. It is now
   abolished,  and  the privy council is the immediate court of appeal in
   such cases. [Eng.]


   Del"e*gate  (?),  a. [L. delegatus, p. p.] Sent to act for a represent
   another; deputed; as, a delegate judge. "Delegate power." Strype.


   Del"e*gate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Delegated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Delegating (?).]

   1.  To  send  as one's representative; to empower as an ambassador; to
   send  with  power  to  transact business; to commission; to depute; to

   2.  To  intrust  to the care or management of another; to transfer; to
   assign; to commit.

     The delegated administration of the law. Locke.

     Delegated executive power. Bancroft.

     The  power  exercised  by  the  legislature  is the people's power,
     delegated by the people to the legislative. J. B. Finch.


   Del`e*ga"tion (?), n. [L. delegatio: cf. F. d\'82l\'82gation.]

   1.  The  act  of  delegating,  or  investing with authority to act for
   another; the appointment of a delegate or delegates.

   2.  One  or  more  persons  appointed  or  chosen, and commissioned to
   represent   others,  as  in  a  convention,  in  Congress,  etc.;  the
   collective body of delegates; as, the delegation from Massachusetts; a

   3.  (Rom.  Law)  A kind of novation by which a debtor, to be liberated
   from  his  creditor,  gives him a third person, who becomes obliged in
   his stead to the creditor, or to the person appointed by him. Pothier.


   Del"e*ga*to*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  delegatorius  pert.  to an assignment.]
   Holding a delegated position. Nash.


   De*len"da (?), n. pl. [L., fr. delere to destroy.] Things to be erased
   or blotted out.


   Del`e*nif"ic*al  (?),  a. [L. delenificus; delenire to soothe + facere
   to make. See Lenient.] Assuaging pain. [Obs.] Bailey.


   De*lete"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Deleted; p. pr. & vb. n. Deleting.]
   [L.  deletus,  p. p. of delere to destroy. Cf. 1st Dele.] To blot out;
   to erase; to expunge; to dele; to omit.

     I  have,  therefore,  .  .  .  inserted eleven stanzas which do not
     appear  in  Sir  Walter  Scott's  version,  and have deleted eight.


   Del`e*te"ri*ous  (?),  a.  [LL.  deleterius  noxious,  Gr.  delere  to
   destroy.] Hurtful; noxious; destructive; pernicious; as, a deleterious
   plant  or  quality; a deleterious example. -- Del`e*te"ri*ous*ly, adv.
   -- Del`e*te"ri*ous*ness, n.


   Del"e*ter*y  (?),  a.  [LL.  deleterius:  cf.  F.  d\'82l\'82t\'8are.]
   Destructive; poisonous. [Obs.] "Deletery medicines." Hudibras.


   Del"e*ter*y, n. That which destroys. [Obs.]

     They  [the  Scriptures]  are  the  only  deletery of heresies. Jer.


   De*le"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  deletio,  fr.  delere.  See Delete.] Act of
   deleting, blotting out, or erasing; destruction. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.

     A  total  deletion  of  every  person of the opposing party. Sir M.


   Del`e*ti"tious (?), a. [L. deleticius.] Of such a nature that anything
   may be erased from it; -- said of paper.


   Del"e*tive (?), a. Adapted to destroy or obliterate. [R.] Evelyn.


   Del"e*to*ry  (?),  n.  [See  Delete.]  That which blots out. [Obs.] "A
   deletory of sin." Jer. Taylor.


   Delf  (?),  n.  [AS.  delf  a  delving, digging. See Delve.] A mine; a
   quarry; a pit dug; a ditch. [Written also delft, and delve.] [Obs.]

     The  delfts would be so flown with waters, that no gins or machines
     could . . . keep them dry. Ray.


   Delf, n. Same as Delftware.


   Delft (?), n. Same as Delftware.


   Delft"ware`  (?), n. (a) Pottery made at the city of Delft in Holland;
   hence:  (b)  Earthenware  made  in  imitation of the above; any glazed
   earthenware made for table use, and the like.


   Del"i*bate (?), v. t. [L. delibatus, p. p. of delibare to taste; de- +
   libare to taste.] To taste; to take a sip of; to dabble in. [Obs.]


   Del`i*ba"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  delibatio: cf. F. d\'82libation.] Act of
   tasting; a slight trial. [Obs.] Berkeley.


   Del"i*ber (?), v. t. & i. To deliberate. [Obs.]


   De*lib"er*ate  (?),  a.  [L.  deliberatus,  p.  p.  of  deliberare  to
   deliberate; de- + librare to weigh. See Librate.]

   1.  Weighing  facts  and  arguments  with a view a choice or decision;
   carefully   considering   the   probable   consequences   of  a  step;
   circumspect;  slow  in  determining;  --  applied  to  persons;  as, a
   deliberate judge or counselor. "These deliberate fools." Shak.

   2.  Formed  with deliberation; well-advised; carefully considered; not
   sudden  or  rash;  as,  a  deliberate opinion; a deliberate measure or

     Settled visage and deliberate word. Shak.

   3. Not hasty or sudden; slow. Hooker.

     His enunciation was so deliberate. W. Wirt.


   De*lib"er*ate  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Deliberated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deliberating.]  To  weigh in the mind; to consider the reasons for and
   against;  to  consider  maturely;  to  reflect upon; to ponder; as, to
   deliberate a question.


   De*lib"er*ate,  v.  i.  To  take counsel with one's self; to weigh the
   arguments  for and against a proposed course of action; to reflect; to
   consider;  to  hesitate  in  deciding;  --  sometimes  with  on, upon,

     The woman the deliberation is lost. Addison.


   De*lib"er*ate*ly    (?),   adv.   With   careful   consideration,   or
   deliberation;  circumspectly;  warily;  not hastily or rashly; slowly;
   as, a purpose deliberately formed.


   De*lib"er*ate*ness,   n.   The   quality  of  being  deliberate;  calm
   consideration; circumspection.


   De*lib`er*a"tion (?), n. [L. deliberatio: cf. F. d\'82lib\'82ration.]

   1.  The  act of deliberating, or of weighing and examining the reasons
   for  and  against  a  choice or measure; careful consideration; mature

     Choosing the fairest way with a calm deliberation. W. Montagu.

   2. Careful discussion and examination of the reasons for and against a
   measure; as, the deliberations of a legislative body or council.


   De*lib"er*a*tive (?), a. [L. deliberativus: cf. F. d\'82lib\'82ratif.]
   Pertaining  to  deliberation; proceeding or acting by deliberation, or
   by discussion and examination; deliberating; as, a deliberative body.

     A consummate work of deliberative wisdom. Bancroft.

     The   court  of  jurisdiction  is  to  be  distinguished  from  the
     deliberative body, the advisers of the crown. Hallam.


   De*lib"er*a*tive, n.

   1.  A  discourse  in  which  a  question  is discussed, or weighed and
   examined. Bacon.

   2.  A  kind  of  rhetoric  employed  in proving a thing and convincing
   others of its truth, in order to persuade them to adopt it.


   De*lib"er*a*tive*ly,  adv.  In  a  deliberative manner; circumspectly;


   De*lib"er*a`tor (?), n. One who deliberates.


   Del"i*brate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Delibrated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Delibrating.] [L. delibratus, p. p. of delibrare to delibrate; de from
   + liber bark.] To strip off the bark; to peel. [Obs.] Ash.


   Del`i*bra"tion (?), n. The act of stripping off the bark. [Obs.] Ash.


   Del"i*ca*cy (?), n.; pl. Delicacies (#). [From Delicate, a.]

   1.  The  state  or  condition  of being delicate; agreeableness to the
   senses; delightfulness; as, delicacy of flavor, of odor, and the like.

     What choice to choose for delicacy best. Milton.

   2.  Nicety  or  fineness  of form, texture, or constitution; softness;
   elegance;  smoothness; tenderness; and hence, frailty or weakness; as,
   the  delicacy  of  a  fiber  or a thread; delicacy of a hand or of the
   human form; delicacy of the skin; delicacy of frame.

   3.  Nice propriety of manners or conduct; susceptibility or tenderness
   of  feeling;  refinement; fastidiousness; and hence, in an exaggerated
   sense, effeminacy; as, great delicacy of behavior; delicacy in doing a
   kindness; delicacy of character that unfits for earnest action.

     You know your mother's delicacy in this point. Cowper.

   4. Addiction to pleasure; luxury; daintiness; indulgence; luxurious or
   voluptuous treatment.

     And  to  those  dainty limbs which Nature lent For gentle usage and
     soft delicacy? Milton.

   5.  Nice and refined perception and discrimination; critical niceness;
   fastidious accuracy.

     That  Augustan  delicacy  of  taste which is the boast of the great
     public schools of England. Macaulay.

   6.  The  state  of being affected by slight causes; sensitiveness; as,
   the delicacy of a chemist's balance.

   7. That which is alluring, delicate, or refined; a luxury or pleasure;
   something  pleasant to the senses, especially to the sense of taste; a
   dainty; as, delicacies of the table.

     The  merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of
     her delicacies. Rev. xviii. 3.

   8. Pleasure; gratification; delight. [Obs.]

     He Rome brent for his delicacie. Chaucer.

   Syn. -- See Dainty.


   Del"i*cate (?), a. [L. delicatus pleasing the senses, voluptuous, soft
   and tender; akin to deliciae delight: cf. F. d\'82licat. See Delight.]

   1. Addicted to pleasure; luxurious; voluptuous; alluring. [R.]

     Dives, for his delicate life, to the devil went. Piers Plowman.

     Haarlem is a very delicate town. Evelyn.

   2.  Pleasing to the senses; refinedly; hence, adapted to please a nice
   or  cultivated  taste;  nice;  fine;  elegant;  as,  a  delicate dish;
   delicate flavor.

   3.  Slight  and  shapely; lovely; graceful; as, "a delicate creature."

   4.  Fine  or  slender; minute; not coarse; -- said of a thread, or the
   like; as, delicate cotton.

   5.  Slight  or  smooth;  light  and  yielding; -- said of texture; as,
   delicate lace or silk.

   6.  Soft  and  fair;  -- said of the skin or a surface; as, a delicate
   cheek; a delicate complexion.

   7.  Light,  or  softly  tinted; -- said of a color; as; as, a delicate

   8. Refined; gentle; scrupulous not to trespass or offend; considerate;
   --  said  of  manners,  conduct,  or  feelings; as, delicate behavior;
   delicate attentions; delicate thoughtfulness.

   9.  Tender; not able to endure hardship; feeble; frail; effeminate; --
   said  of  constitution,  health,  etc.; as, a delicate child; delicate

     A delicate and tender prince. Shak.

   10.  Requiring  careful  handling;  not  to be rudely or hastily dealt
   with; nice; critical; as, a delicate subject or question.

     There  are  some  things  too delicate and too sacred to be handled
     rudely without injury to truth. F. W. Robertson.

   11. Of exacting tastes and habits; dainty; fastidious.

   12.   Nicely   discriminating   or   perceptive;  refinedly  critical;
   sensitive; exquisite; as, a delicate taste; a delicate ear for music.

   13.  Affected by slight causes; showing slight changes; as, a delicate


   Del"i*cate, n.

   1. A choice dainty; a delicacy. [R.]

     With abstinence all delicates he sees. Dryden.

   Page 386

   2. A delicate, luxurious, or effeminate person.

     All  the  vessels,  then, which our delicates have, -- those I mean
     that  would  seem  to  be  more  fine  in  their  houses than their
     neighbors, -- are only of the Corinth metal. Holland.


   Del"i*cate*ly (?), adv. In a delicate manner.


   Del"i*cate*ness, n. The quality of being delicate.


   Del"i*ces  (?),  n.  pl. [F. d\'82lices, fr. L. deliciae.] Delicacies;
   delights. [Obs.] "Dainty delices." Spenser.


   De*li"ci*ate (?), v. t. To delight one's self; to indulge in feasting;
   to revel. [Obs.]


   De*li"cious  (?),  a.  [OF. delicieus, F. d\'82licieux, L. deliciosus,
   fr. deliciae delight, fr. delicere to allure. See Delight.]

   1. Affording exquisite pleasure; delightful; most sweet or grateful to
   the senses, especially to the taste; charming.

     Some delicious landscape. Coleridge.

     One draught of spring's delicious air. Keble.

     Were not his words delicious? Tennyson.

   2.  Addicted  to  pleasure;  seeking enjoyment; luxurious; effeminate.

     Others,  lastly,  of  a  more  delicious  and  airy  spirit, retire
     themselves to the enjoyments of ease and luxury. Milton.

   Syn.  --  Delicious,  Delightful.  Delicious  refers  to  the pleasure
   derived  from certain of the senses, particularly the taste and smell;
   as,  delicious  food; a delicious fragrance. Delightful may also refer
   to  most  of  the senses (as, delightful music; a delightful prospect;
   delightful  sensations),  but  has  a higher application to matters of
   taste,  feeling,  and sentiment; as, a delightful abode, conversation,
   employment; delightful scenes, etc.

     Like the rich fruit he sings, delicious in decay. Smith.

     No spring, nor summer, on the mountain seen, Smiles with gay fruits
     or with delightful green. Addison.


   De*li"cious*ly,  adv.  Delightfully;  as,  to  feed deliciously; to be
   deliciously entertained.


   De*li"cious*ness, n.

   1. The quality of being delicious; as, the deliciousness of a repast.

   2.  Luxury.  "To drive away all superfluity and deliciousness." Sir T.


   De*lict"   (?),   n.   [L.   delictum  fault.]  (Law)  An  offense  or
   transgression  against law; (Scots Law) an offense of a lesser degree;
   a misdemeanor.

     Every  regulation of the civil code necessarily implies a delict in
     the event of its violation. Jeffrey.


   Del"i*gate (?), v. t. [L. deligatus, p. p. of deligare to bind up; de-
   + ligare to bind.] (Surg.) To bind up; to bandage.


   Del`i*ga"tion  (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82ligation.] (Surg.) A binding up; a
   bandaging. Wiseman.


   De*light"  (?),  n.  [OE.  delit,  OF. delit, deleit, fr. delitier, to
   delight. See Delight, v. t.]

   1.  A  high  degree  of gratification of mind; a high-wrought state of
   pleasurable feeling; lively pleasure; extreme satisfaction; joy.

     Sounds and sweet airs, that give delight and hurt not. Shak.

     A fool hath no delight in understanding. Prov. xviii. 2.

   2. That which gives great pleasure or delight.

     Heaven's last, best gift, my ever new delight. Milton.

   3. Licentious pleasure; lust. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   De*light", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Delighted; p. pr. & vb. n. Delighting.]
   [OE.   deliten,  OF.  delitier,  deleitier,  F.  d\'82lecter,  fr.  L.
   delectare  to entice away, to delight (sc. by attracting or alluring),
   intens.  of  delicere  to  allure,  delight;  de-  + lacere to entice,
   allure;  cf.  laqueus  a  snare.  Cf.  Delectate, Delicate, Delicious,
   Dilettante,  Elicit,  Lace.]  To give delight to; to affect with great
   pleasure;  to  please  highly;  as, a beautiful landscape delights the
   eye; harmony delights the ear.

     Inventions to delight the taste. Shak.

     Delight our souls with talk of knightly deeds. Tennyson.


   De*light",  v.  i.  To  have  or take great delight or pleasure; to be
   greatly pleased or rejoiced; -- followed by an infinitive, or by in.

     Love delights in praises. Shak.

     I delight to do thy will, O my God. Ps. xl. 8.


   De*light"a*ble  (?),  a.  [See  Delectable.]  Capable  of  delighting;
   delightful. [Obs.]

     Many a spice delightable. Rom. of R.


   De*light"ed, a. Endowed with delight.

     If virtue no delighted beauty lack. Shak.

   Syn. -- Glad; pleased; gratified. See Glad.


   De*light"ed*ly, adv. With delight; gladly.


   De*light"er (?), n. One who gives or takes delight.


   De*light"ful  (?),  a.  Highly  pleasing; affording great pleasure and
   satisfaction.   "Delightful   bowers."  Spenser.  "Delightful  fruit."
   Milton.    Syn.    --   Delicious;   charming.   See   Delicious.   --
   De*light"ful*ly, adv. -- De*light"ful*ness, n.


   De*light"ing,  a. Giving delight; gladdening. -- De*light"ing*ly, adv.
   Jer. Taylor.


   De*light"less, a. Void of delight. Thomson.


   De*light"ous (?) a. [OF. delitos.] Delightful. [Obs.] Rom. of R.


   De*light"some  (?), a. Very pleasing; delightful. "Delightsome vigor."

     Ye shall be a delightsome land, . . . saith the Lord. Mal. iii. 12.

   -- De*light"some*ly, adv. -- De*light"some*ness, n.


   De*li"lah  (?),  n.  The  mistress of Samson, who betrayed him (Judges
   xvi.); hence, a harlot; a temptress.

     Other  Delilahs  on  a  smaller  scale  Burns  met  with during his
     Dumfries sojourn. J. C. Shairp.


   De*lim"it (?), v. t. [L. delimitare: cf. F. d\'82limitier.] To fix the
   limits of; to demarcate; to bound.


   De*lim`i*ta"tion (?), n. [L. delimitatio: cf. F. d\'82limitation.] The
   act or process of fixing limits or boundaries; limitation. Gladstone.


   De*line" (?), v. t.

   1. To delineate. [Obs.]

   2. To mark out. [Obs.] R. North.


   De*lin"e*a*ble  (?), a. Capable of being, or liable to be, delineated.


   De*lin"e*a*ment  (?),  [See  Delineate.]  Delineation;  sketch. Dr. H.


   De*lin"e*ate  (?), a. [L. delineatus, p. p. of delineare to delineate;
   de-  +  lineare  to  draw,  fr.  linea  line.  See  Line.] Delineated;
   portrayed. [R.]


   De*lin"e*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Delineated; p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  indicate by lines drawn in the form or figure of; to represent
   by  sketch, design, or diagram; to sketch out; to portray; to picture;
   in  drawing  and  engraving,  to  represent in lines, as with the pen,
   pencil,  or  graver; hence, to represent with accuracy and minuteness.
   See Delineation.

     Adventurous to delineate nature's form. Akenside.

   2.  To portray to the mind or understanding by words; to set forth; to

     Customs or habits delineated with great accuracy. Walpole.


   De*lin`e*a"tion (?), n. [L. delineatio: cf. F. d\'82lin\'82ation.]

   1.  The  act  of representing, portraying, or describing, as by lines,
   diagrams, sketches, etc.; drawing an outline; as, the delineation of a
   scene  or  face;  in drawing and engraving, representation by means of
   lines,  as distinguished from representation by means of tints shades;
   accurate  and minute representation, as distinguished from art that is
   careless of details, or subordinates them excessively.

   2. A delineated picture; representation; sketch; description in words.

     Their softest delineations of female beauty. W. Irving.

   Syn. -- Sketch; portrait; outline. See Sketch.


   De*lin"e*a`tor (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, delineates; a sketcher.

   2.  (Surv.)  A  perambulator  which records distances and delineates a
   profile, as of a road.


   De*lin"e*a*to*ry  (?),  a.  That  delineates; descriptive; drawing the
   outline; delineating.


   De*lin"e*a*ture (?; 135), n. Delineation. [Obs.]


   Del`i*ni"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  delinere  to  smear.  See  Liniment.]  A
   smearing. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.


   De*lin"quen*cy  (?),  n.; pl. Delinquencies (#). [L. delinquentia, fr.
   delinquens.]  Failure  or  omission  of  duty;  a fault; a misdeed; an
   offense; a misdemeanor; a crime.

     The  delinquencies  of the little commonwealth would be represented
     in the most glaring colors. Motley.


   De*lin"quent  (?)  a.  [L. delinquens, -entis, p. pr. of delinquere to
   fail, be wanting in one's duty, do wrong; de- + linquere to leave. See
   Loan, n.] Failing in duty; offending by neglect of duty.


   De*lin"quent,  n.  One  who  fails or neglects to perform his duty; an
   offender  or  transgressor;  one  who  commits  a  fault or a crime; a

     A  delinquent  ought to be cited in the place or jurisdiction where
     the delinquency was committed. Ayliffe.


   De*lin"quent*ly, adv. So as to fail in duty.


   Del"i*quate  (?),  v.  i.  [L. deliquatus, p. p. of deliquare to clear
   off,  de-  +  liquare  to  make liquid, melt, dissolve.] To melt or be
   dissolved; to deliquesce. [Obs.] Boyle.


   Del"i*quate,  v. t. To cause to melt away; to dissolve; to consume; to
   waste. [Obs.]

     Dilapidating, or rather deliquating, his bishopric. Fuller.


   Del`i*qua"tion (?), n. A melting. [Obs.]


   Del`i*quesce"  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Deliquesced (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Deliquescing.] [L. deliquescere to melt, dissolve; de- + liquescere
   to  become  fluid, melt, fr. liquere to be fluid. See Liquid.] (Chem.)
   To  dissolve  gradually  and become liquid by attracting and absorbing
   moisture from the air, as certain salts, acids, and alkalies.

     In very moist air crystals of strontites deliquesce. Black.


   Del`i*ques"cence  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82liquescence.]  The  act  of
   deliquescing  or  liquefying;  process  by which anything deliquesces;
   tendency to melt.


   Del`i*ques"cent   (?),   a.   [L.  deliquescens,  -entis,  p.  pr.  of
   deliquescere: cf. F. d\'82liquescent.]

   1.  Dissolving;  liquefying  by  contact  with  the  air;  capable  of
   attracting  moisture  from  the  atmosphere  and  becoming liquid; as,
   deliquescent salts.

   2.  (Bot.)  Branching so that the stem is lost in branches, as in most
   deciduous trees. Gray.


   De*liq"ui*ate  (?),  v.  i.  [L.  deliquia  a  flowing  off, a gutter,
   deliquium  a  flowing down, fr. deliquare. See Deliquate.] To melt and
   become  liquid  by  absorbing  water  from  the  air;  to  deliquesce.


   De*liq`ui*a"tion (?), n. The act of deliquating.


   De*liq"ui*um (?), n. [L. See Deliquiate.]

   1. (Chem.) A melting or dissolution in the air, or in a moist place; a
   liquid condition; as, a salt falls into a deliquium. [R.]

   2. A sinking away; a swooning. [Obs.] Bacon.

   3. A melting or maudlin mood. Carlyle.


   De*lir"a*cy (?), n. [See Delirate.] Delirium. [Obs.]


   De*lir"a*ment (?), n. [L. deliramentum, fr. delirare. See Delirium.] A
   wandering of the mind; a crazy fancy. [Obs.] Heywood.


   De*lir"an*cy (?), n. Delirium. [Obs.] Gauden.


   De*lir"ant  (?),  a.  [L.  delirans,  -antis,  p. pr. of delirare. See
   Delirium.] Delirious. [Obs.] Owen.


   De*lir"ate  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  [L. deliratus, p. p. of delirare. See
   Delirium.] To madden; to rave. [Obs.]

     An infatuating and delirating spirit in it. Holland.


   Del`i*ra"tion (?), n. [L. deliratio.] Aberration of mind; delirium. J.

     Deliration or alienation of the understanding. Mede.


   De*lir"i*ant (?), n. [See Delirium.] (Med.) A poison which occasions a
   persistent delirium, or mental aberration (as belladonna).


   De*lir`i*fa"cient  (?),  a.  [Delirium + L. faciens, -entis, p. pr. of
   facere to make.] (Med.) Producing, or tending to produce, delirium. --
   n. Any substance which tends to cause delirium.


   De*lir"i*ous  (?), a. [From Delirium.] Having a delirium; wandering in
   mind;  light-headed;  insane;  raving;  wild; as, a delirious patient;
   delirious fancies. -- De*lir"i*ous*ly, adv. -- De*lir"i*ous*ness, n.


   De*lir"i*um  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr.  delirare to rave, to wander in mind,
   prop.,  to  go out of the furrow in plowing; de- + lira furrow, track;
   perh. akin to G. geleise track, rut, and E. last to endure.]

   1.  (Med.) A state in which the thoughts, expressions, and actions are
   wild,  irregular,  and  incoherent;  mental  aberration;  a  roving or
   wandering  of  the mind, -- usually dependent on a fever or some other
   disease, and so distinguished from mania, or madness.

   2. Strong excitement; wild enthusiasm; madness.

     The popular delirium [of the French Revolution] at first caught his
     enthusiastic mind. W. Irving.

     The delirium of the preceding session (of Parliament). Motley.

   Delirium  tremens  (.  [L.,  trembling  delirium]  (Med.),  a  violent
   delirium  induced  by  the excessive and prolonged use of intoxicating
   liquors. -- Traumatic delirium (Med.), a variety of delirium following
   injury.  Syn.  --  Insanity; frenzy; madness; derangement; aberration;
   mania; lunacy; fury. See Insanity.


   De*lit" (?), n. Delight. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   De*lit"a*ble (?), a. Delightful; delectable. [Obs.]


   Del`i*tes"cence (?), n. [See Delitescent.]

   1. Concealment; seclusion; retirement.

     The delitescence of mental activities. Sir W. Hamilton.

   2. (Med.) The sudden disappearance of inflammation.


   Del`i*tes"cen*cy (?), n. Concealment; seclusion.

     The  mental  organization of the novelist must be characterized, to
     speak  craniologically,  by  an  extraordinary  development  of the
     passion for delitescency. Sir W. Scott.


   Del`i*tes"cent  (?), a. [L. delitescens, -entis, p. pr. of delitescere
   to lie hid.] Lying hid; concealed.


   De*lit"i*gate  (?),  v.  i.  [L. delitigare to rail. See Litigate.] To
   chide; to rail heartily. [Obs.]


   De*lit`i*ga"tion (?), n. Chiding; brawl. [Obs.]


   De*liv"er  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Delivered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Delivering.]  [F.  d\'82livrer, LL. deliberare to liberate, give over,
   fr. L. de + liberare to set free. See Liberate.]

   1.  To  set  free  from  restraint;  to set at liberty; to release; to
   liberate,  as  from  control;  to give up; to free; to save; to rescue
   from  evil  actual  or  feared;  --  often with from or out of; as, to
   deliver one from captivity, or from fear of death.

     He that taketh warning shall deliver his soul. Ezek. xxxiii. 5.

     Promise  was  that  I  Should  Israel from Philistian yoke deliver.

   2.  To  give  or  transfer; to yield possession or control of; to part
   with  (to); to make over; to commit; to surrender; to resign; -- often
   with up or over, to or into.

     Thou shalt deliver Pharaoh's cup into his hand. Gen. xl. 13.

     The constables have delivered her over. Shak.

     The exalted mind All sense of woe delivers to the wind. Pope.

   3. To make over to the knowledge of another; to communicate; to utter;
   to speak; to impart.

     Till he these words to him deliver might. Spenser.

     Whereof the former delivers the precepts of the art, and the latter
     the perfection. Bacon.

   4. To give forth in action or exercise; to discharge; as, to deliver a
   blow; to deliver a broadside, or a ball.

     Shaking his head and delivering some show of tears. Sidney.

     An  uninstructed  bowler  .  .  .  thinks  to  attain  the  jack by
     delivering his bowl straightforward. Sir W. Scott.

   5.  To  free  from,  or  disburden of, young; to relieve of a child in
   childbirth; to bring forth; -- often with of.

     She was delivered safe and soon. Gower.

     Tully was long ere he could be delivered of a few verses, and those
     poor ones. Peacham.

   6. To discover; to show. [Poetic]

     I 'll deliver Myself your loyal servant. Shak.

   7. To deliberate. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   8.  To admit; to allow to pass. [Obs.] Bacon. Syn. -- To Deliver, Give
   Forth,   Discharge,   Liberate,  Pronounce,  Utter.  Deliver  denotes,
   literally, to set free. Hence the term is extensively applied to cases
   where  a thing is made to pass from a confined state to one of greater
   freedom  or openness. Hence it may, in certain connections, be used as
   synonymous  with  any  or all of the above-mentioned words, as will be
   seen  from the following examples: One who delivers a package gives it
   forth;  one  who  delivers  a  cargo discharges it; one who delivers a
   captive  liberates  him;  one  who  delivers  a message or a discourse
   utters or pronounces it; when soldiers deliver their fire, they set it
   free or give it forth.


   De*liv"er, a. [OF. delivre free, unfettered. See Deliver, v. t.] Free;
   nimble; sprightly; active. [Obs.]

     Wonderly deliver and great of strength. Chaucer.


   De*liv"er*a*ble  (?),  a. Capable of being, or about to be, delivered;
   necessary to be delivered. Hale.


   De*liv"er*ance (?), n. [F. d\'82livrance, fr. d\'82livrer.]

   1.  The act of delivering or freeing from restraint, captivity, peril,
   and the like; rescue; as, the deliverance of a captive.

     He  hath  sent me to heal the broken-hearted, to preach deliverance
     to the captives. Luke iv. 18.

     One death or one deliverance we will share. Dryden.

   2. Act of bringing forth children. [Archaic] Shak.

   3. Act of speaking; utterance. [Archaic] Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th is an d in  the preceding sense delivery is the
     word more commonly used.

   4. The state of being delivered, or freed from restraint.

     I do desire deliverance from these officers. Shak.

   5.  Anything  delivered  or communicated; esp., an opinion or decision
   expressed publicly. [Scot.]

   6.  (Metaph.)  Any  fact  or  truth  which  is  decisively attested or
   intuitively  known  as a psychological or philosophical datum; as, the
   deliverance of consciousness.


   De*liv"er*er (?), n.

   1. One who delivers or rescues; a preserver.

   2. One who relates or communicates.

   Page 387


   De*liv"er*ess (?), n. A female de [R.] Evelyn.


   De*liv"er*ly, adv. Actively; quickly; nimbly. [Obs.]

     Swim  with your bodies, And carry it sweetly and deliverly. Beau. &


   De*liv"er*ness, n. Nimbleness; agility. [Obs.]


   De*liv"er*y, n.; pl. Deliveries (.

   1.  The act of delivering from restraint; rescue; release; liberation;
   as, the delivery of a captive from his dungeon.

   2.  The  act of delivering up or over; surrender; transfer of the body
   or  substance of a thing; distribution; as, the delivery of a fort, of
   hostages, of a criminal, of goods, of letters.

   3.  The  act  or  style  of  utterance; manner of speaking; as, a good
   delivery; a clear delivery.

   4.  The  act of giving birth; parturition; the expulsion or extraction
   of a fetus and its membranes.

   5. The act of exerting one's strength or limbs.

     Neater limbs and freer delivery. Sir H. Wotton.

   6. The act or manner of delivering a ball; as, the pitcher has a swift


   Dell (?), n. [AS. del, akin to E. dale; cf. D. delle, del, low ground.
   See Dale.]

   1. A small, retired valley; a ravine.

     In dells and dales, concealed from human sight. Tickell.

   2. A young woman; a wench. [Obs.]

     Sweet doxies and dells. B. Jonson.

                                 Della Crusca

   Del"la  Crus"ca  (?).  A  shortened  form of Academia della Crusca, an
   academy in Florescence, Italy, founded in the 16th century, especially
   for conversing the purity of the Italian language.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e Accademia della Crusca (literally, academy of the
     bran  or  chaff)  was  so called in allusion to its chief object of
     bolting or purifying the national language.


   Del`la*crus"can (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Accademia della Crusca
   in  Florence.  The  Dellacruscan  School,  a name given in satire to a
   class  of  affected  English  writers, most of whom lived in Florence,
   about a. d. 1785.


   De"loo (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The duykerbok.


   De*loul"  (?),  n.  [Prob.  of Arabic or Bedouin origin.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   special  breed  of  the  dromedary used for rapid traveling; the swift
   camel; -- called also herire, and maharik.


   Delph (?), n. Delftware.

     Five nothings in five plates of delph. Swift.


   Delph,  n.  (Hydraul.  Engin.)  The  drain  on  the land side of a sea
   embankment. Knight.


   Del"phi*an (?), a. Delphic.


   Del"phic  (?),  a. [L. Delphicus, fr. Gr. Delphi, a town of Phocis, in
   Greece, now Kastri.] (Gr. Antiq.)

   1. Of or relating to Delphi, or to the famous oracle of that place.

   2.  Ambiguous;  mysterious.  "If  he  is  silent or delphic." New York

                               Delphin, Delphine

   Del"phin,  Del"phine  (?), a. [See Dauphin.] Pertaining to the dauphin
   of France; as, the Delphin classics, an edition of the Latin classics,
   prepared  in  the  reign of Louis XIV., for the use of the dauphin (in
   usum Delphini).


   Del"phin,  n.  [L.  delphinus  a  dolphin.]  (Chem.) A fatty substance
   contained  in  the oil of the dolphin and the porpoise; -- called also


   Del"phine  (?),  a.  [L.  delphinus  a  dolphin, Gr. Pertaining to the
   dolphin, a genus of fishes.


   Del*phin"ic  (?),  a.  [See  Delphin,  n.]  (Chem.)  Pertaining to, or
   derived  from,  the  dolphin;  phocenic.  Delphinic  acid. (Chem.) See
   Valeric acid, under Valeric. [Obs.]


   Del*phin"ic,  a. [From NL. Delphinium, the name of the genus.] (Chem.)
   Pertaining  to,  or derived from, the larkspur; specifically, relating
   to the stavesacre (Delphinium staphisagria).


   Del"phi*nine  (?;  104),  n.  [Cf. F. delphinine.] (Chem.) A poisonous
   alkaloid extracted from the stavesacre (Delphinium staphisagria), as a
   colorless amorphous powder.


   Del"phi*noid  (?),  a.  [L.  delphinus  a  dolphin + -oid.] (Zo\'94l.)
   Pertaining to, or resembling, the dolphin.


   Del`phi*noi"de*a  (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) The division of Cetacea
   which comprises the dolphins, porpoises, and related forms.


   Del*phi"nus (?), n. [L., a dolphin, fr. Gr.

   1. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of Cetacea, including the dolphin. See Dolphin,


   2. (Astron.) The Dolphin, a constellation near the equator and east of


   Del"ta  (?),  n.;  pl. Deltas (#). [Gr. Delta of the Nile.] A tract of
   land  shaped  like  the  letter  delta (), especially when the land is
   alluvial  and  inclosed between two or more mouths of a river; as, the
   delta of the Ganges, of the Nile, or of the Mississippi.


   Del`ta*fi*ca"tion  (?),  n. [Delta + L. facere to make.] The formation
   of a delta or of deltas. [R.]


   Del*ta"ic (?), a. Relating to, or like, a delta.


   Del*thy"ris  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. de`lta the name of the letter +
   thy`ra  door.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  name formerly given to certain Silurian
   brachiopod  shells of the genus Spirifer. Delthyris limestone (Geol.),
   one of the divisions of the Upper Silurian rocks in New York.


   Del"tic (?), a. Deltaic.


   Del*tid"i*um  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. de`lta, the letter .] (Zo\'94l.)
   The triangular space under the beak of many brachiopod shells.


   Del`to*he"dron  (?),  n. [Gr. de`lta, the letter + 'e`dra seat, base.]
   (Crystallog.)  A  solid bounded by twelve quadrilateral faces. It is a
   hemihedral form of the isometric system, allied to the tetrahedron.


   Del"toid (?), a. [Gr. deltoeidh`s delta-shaped; de`lta the name of the
   letter  + ei^dos form: cf. F. delto\'8bde. See Delta.] Shaped like the
   Greek  Deltoid  leaf (Bot.), a leaf in the form of a triangle with the
   stem  inserted at the middle of the base. -- Deltoid muscle (Anat.), a
   triangular  muscle  in  the  shoulder  which  serves  to  move the arm
   directly upward.


   De*lud"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being deluded; liable to be imposed on
   gullible. Sir T. Browne.


   De*lude"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Deluded; p. pr. & vb. n. Deluding.]
   [L.  deludere, delusum; de- + ludere to play, make sport of, mock. See

   1.  To  lead from truth or into error; to mislead the mind or judgment
   of to beguile; to impose on; to dupe; to make a fool of.

     To delude the nation by an airy phantom. Burke.

   2. To frustrate or disappoint.

     It deludes thy search. Dryden.

   Syn.  --  To  mislead;  deceive;  beguile;  cajole;  cheat;  dupe. See


   De*lud"er (?), n. One who deludes; a deceiver; an impostor.


   Del"uge (?), n. [F. d\'82luge, L. diluvium, fr. diluere wash away; di-
   = dis- + luere, equiv. to lavare to wash. See Lave, and cf. Diluvium.]

   1. A washing away; an overflowing of the land by water; an inundation;
   a flood; specifically, The Deluge, the great flood in the days of Noah
   (Gen. vii.). 

   2.  Fig.: Anything which overwhelms, or causes great destruction. "The
   deluge of summer." Lowell.

     A fiery deluge fed With ever-burning sulphur unconsumed. Milton.

     As  I  grub  up some quaint old fragment of a [London] street, or a
     house,  or  a  shop,  or  tomb  or  burial  ground, which has still
     survived in the deluge. F. Harrison.

     After  me  the  deluge.  (Apr\'82s  moi  le  d\'82luge.)  Madame de


   Del"uge, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Deluged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Deluging.]

   1. To overflow with water; to inundate; to overwhelm.

     The deluged earth would useless grow. Blackmore.

   2.  To  overwhelm,  as  with  a  deluge;  to  cover; to overspread; to
   overpower;  to  submerge; to destroy; as, the northern nations deluged
   the Roman empire with their armies; the land is deluged with woe.

     At length corruption, like a general fldeluge all. Pope.


   De*lun"dung   (?),   n.  [Native  name.]  (Zo\'94l.)  An  East  Indian
   carnivorous  mammal  (Prionodon  gracilis), resembling the civets, but
   without scent pouches. It is handsomely spotted.


   De*lu"sion (?) n. [L. delusio, fr. deludere. See Delude.]

   1. The act of deluding; deception; a misleading of the mind. Pope.

   2. The state of being deluded or misled.

   3.  That  which is falsely or delusively believed or propagated; false
   belief; error in belief.

     And fondly mourned the dear delusion gone. Prior.

   Syn.  --  Delusion,  Illusion.  These  words both imply some deception
   practiced upon the mind. Delusion is deception from want of knowledge;
   illusion  is deception from morbid imagination. An illusion is a false
   show, a mere cheat on the fancy or senses. It is, in other words, some
   idea  or image presented to the bodily or mental vision which does not
   exist  in  reality.  A delusion is a false judgment, usually affecting
   the real concerns of life. Or, in other words, it is an erroneous view
   of something which exists indeed, but has by no means the qualities or
   attributes  ascribed  to  it. Thus we speak of the illusions of fancy,
   the  illusions of hope, illusive prospects, illusive appearances, etc.
   In  like  manner,  we  speak  of  the  delusions  of stockjobbing, the
   delusions  of  honorable  men, delusive appearances in trade, of being
   deluded  by  a  seeming  excellence.  "A  fanatic, either religious or
   political, is the subject of strong delusions; while the term illusion
   is  applied  solely to the visions of an uncontrolled imagination, the
   chimerical  ideas  of  one  blinded by hope, passion, or credulity, or
   lastly,  to  spectral  and  other ocular deceptions, to which the word
   delusion is never applied." Whately.


   De*lu"sion*al  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to delusions; as, delusional


   De*lu"sive  (?),  a. [See Delude.] Apt or fitted to delude; tending to
   mislead the mind; deceptive; beguiling; delusory; as, delusive arts; a
   delusive dream.

     Delusive and unsubstantial ideas. Whewell.

   -- De*lu"sive*ly, adv. -- De*lu"sive*ness, n.


   De*lu"so*ry (?) a. Delusive; fallacious. Glanvill.


   Delve  (?)  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Delved (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Delving.]
   [AS.  delfan  to  dig; akin to OS. bidelban to bury, D. delven to dig,
   MHG. telben, and possibly to E. dale. Cf. Delf a mine.]

   1. To dig; to open (the ground) as with a spade.

     Delve of convenient depth your thrashing flooDryden.

   2. To dig into; to penetrate; to trace out; to fathom.

     I can not delve him to the root. Shak.


   Delve,  v.  i.  To  dig  or labor with a spade, or as with a spade; to
   labor as a drudge.

     Delve may I not: I shame to beg. Wyclif (Luke xvi. 3).


   Delve, n. [See Delve, v. t., and cf. Delf a mine.] A place dug; a pit;
   a ditch; a den; a cave.

     Which to that shady delve him brought at last

     The very tigers from their delves Look out. Moore.


     Delv"er (?), n. One who digs, as with a spade.


     De*mag"net*ize (?), v. t.

     1. To deprive of magnetic properties. See Magnetize.

     If the bar be rapidly magnetized and demagnetized. A. Cyc.

     2.   To   free   from   mesmeric   influence;  to  demesmerize.  --
     De*mag`net*i*za"tion, n. -- De*mag"net*i`zer (#), n.


     Dem"a*gog (?; 115), n. Demagogue.

                            Demagogic, Demagogical

     Dem`a*gog"ic  (?),  Dem`a*gog"ic*al  (?),  a. [Gr. d\'82magogique.]
     Relating to, or like, a demagogue; factious.


     Dem"a*gog*ism (?; 115), n. The practices of a demagogue.


     Dem"a*gogue  (?;  115), n. [Gr. act: cf. F. d\'82magogue.] A leader
     of  the  rabble;  one  who  attempts  to  control  the multitude by
     specious or deceitful arts; an unprincipled and factious mob orator
     or political leader.


     Dem"a*gog`y (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82magogie, Gr. Demagogism.


     De*main" (?), n. [See Demesne.]

     1. Rule; management. [Obs.] Chaucer.

     2. (Law) See Demesne.


     De*mand"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Demanded; p. pr. & vb. n.
     Demanding.]  [F.  demander,  LL.  demandare to demand, summon, send
     word, fr. L. demandare to give in charge, intrust; de- + mandare to
     commit  to  one's  charge, commission, order, command. Cf. Mandate,

     1.  To ask or call for with authority; to claim or seek from, as by
     authority  or  right;  to  claim,  as  something  due;  to call for
     urgently   or  peremptorily;  as,  to  demand  a  debt;  to  demand

     This,  in  our  foresaid  holy  father's  name, Pope Innocent, I do
     demand of thee. Shak.

     2.  To  inquire  authoritatively  or  earnestly;  to ask, esp. in a
     peremptory manner; to question.

     I did demand what news from Shrewsbury. Shak.

     3.  To  require  as  necessary  or useful; to be in urgent need of;
     hence, to call for; as, the case demands care.

     4. (Law) To call into court; to summon. Burrill.


     De*mand", v. i. To make a demand; to inquire.

     The  soldiers  likewise  demanded of him, saying, And what shall we
     do? Luke iii. 14.


     De*mand", n. [F. demande, fr. demander. See Demand, v. t.]

     1.  The  act  of  demanding; an asking with authority; a peremptory
     urging  of  a claim; a claiming or challenging as due; requisition;
     as, the demand of a creditor; a note payable on demand.

     The demand [is] by the word of the holy ones. Dan. iv. 17.

     He  that has confidence to turn his wishes into demands will be but
     a little way from thinking he ought to obtain them. Locke.

     2. Earnest inquiry; question; query. Shak.

     3. A diligent seeking or search; manifested want; desire to posses;
     request;  as,  a demand for certain goods; a person's company is in
     great demand.

     In  1678  came  forth  a  second  edition [Pilgrim's Progress] with
     additions; and the demand became immense. Macaulay.

     4.  That  which one demands or has a right to demand; thing claimed
     as due; claim; as, demands on an estate.

     5.  (Law)  (a)  The asking or seeking for what is due or claimed as
     due.  (b)  The  right  or  title in virtue of which anything may be
     claimed;  as,  to  hold  a  demand against a person. (c) A thing or
     amount claimed to be due.


     De*mand"a*ble  (?),  a.  That may be demanded or claimed. "All sums
     demandable." Bacon.


     De*mand"ant  (?)  n.  [F.  demandant,  p. pr. of demander.] One who
     demands; the plaintiff in a real action; any plaintiff.


     De*mand"er (?), n. One who demands.


     De*mand"ress (?), n. A woman who demands.


     De*man"toid   (?),   n.  [G.  demant  diamond  +  -oid.]  (Min.)  A
     yellow-green,  transparent variety of garnet found in the Urals. It
     is  valued as a gem because of its brilliancy of luster, whence the


     De*mar"cate (?), v. t. [See Demarcation.] To mark by bounds; to set
     the limits of; to separate; to discriminate. Wilkinson.


     De`mar*ca"tion  (?),  n. [F. d\'82marcation; pref. d\'82- (L. de) +
     marquer  to  mark, of German origin. See Mark.] The act of marking,
     or of ascertaining and setting a limit; separation; distinction.

     The  speculative  line of demarcation, where obedience ought to end
     and  resistance  must  begin,  is  faint,  obscure,  and not easily
     definable. Burke.


     De*march"  (?),  n.  [F.  d\'82marche.  See March, n.] March; walk;
     gait. [Obs.]


     De*march  (?),  n.  [Gr.  A chief or ruler of a deme or district in


     De`mar*ka"tion, n. Same as Demarcation.


     De`ma*te"ri*al*ize  (?),  v.  t. To deprive of material or physical
     qualities or characteristics.

     Dematerializing  matter  by  stripping if of everything which . . .
     has distinguished matter. Milman.


     Deme (?), n. [Gr.

     1. (Gr. Antiq.) A territorial subdivision of Attica (also of modern
     Greece), corresponding to a township. Jowett (Thucyd).

     2. (Biol.) An undifferentiated aggregate of cells or plastids.


     De*mean"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Demeaned (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
     Demeaning.]   [OF.   demener  to  conduct,  guide,  manage,  F.  se
     d\'82mener  to struggled\'82- (L. de) + mener to lead, drive, carry
     on,  conduct,  fr. L. minare to drive animals by threatening cries,
     fr. minari to threaten. See Menace.]

     1. To manage; to conduct; to treat.

     [Our] clergy have with violence demeaned the matter. Milton.

     2.  To conduct; to behave; to comport; -- followed by the reflexive

     They  have  demeaned  themselves Like men born to renown by life or
     death. Shak.

     They answered . . . that they should demean themselves according to
     their instructions. Clarendon.

     Page 388

     3.  To  debase;  to lower; to degrade; -- followed by the reflexive

     Her  son  would  demean  himself  by  a  marriage  with an artist's
     daughter. Thackeray.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is sense is probably due to a false etymology which
     regarded the word as connected with the adjective mean.


     De*mean" (?), n. [OF. demene. See Demean, v. t.]

     1. Management; treatment. [Obs.]

     Vile demean and usage bad. Spenser.

     2. Behavior; conduct; bearing; demeanor. [Obs.]

     With grave demean and solemn vanity. West.


     De*mean", n. [See Demesne.]

     1. Demesne. [Obs.]

     2. pl. Resources; means. [Obs.]

     You know How narrow our demeans are. Massinger.


     De*mean"ance (?), n. Demeanor. [Obs.] Skelton.


     De*mean"or  (?),  n.  [Written also demeanour.] [For demeanure, fr.
     demean. See Demean, v. t.]

     1. Management; treatment; conduct. [Obs.]

     God  commits  the  managing  so  great  a trust . . . wholly to the
     demeanor of every grown man. Milton.

     2. Behavior; deportment; carriage; bearing; mien.

     His demeanor was singularly pleasing. Macaulay.

     The  men,  as  usual, liked her artless kindness and simple refined
     demeanor. Thackeray.


     De*mean"ure (?), n. Behavior. [Obs.] Spenser.


     De"men*cy  (?),  n.  [L.  dementia,  fr.  demens  mad. See Dement.]
     Dementia; loss of mental powers. See Insanity.


     De*ment"  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  dementare, fr. demens, -mentis, out of
     one's mind, mad; de + mens mind. See Mental, and cf. Dementate.] To
     deprive of reason; to make mad. [R.] Bale.


     De*ment",  a. [L. demens, -mentis.] Demented; dementate. [R.] J. H.


     De*men"tate  (?),  a.  [L.  dementatus,  p.  p.  See Dement, v. t.]
     Deprived of reason.

     Arise, thou dementate sinner! Hammond.


     De*men"tate (?) v. t. To deprive of reason; to dement. [R.] Burton.


     De`men*ta"tion  (?),  n.  The  act of depriving of reason; madness.


     De*ment"ed  (?), a. [From Dement.] Insane; mad; of unsound mind. --
     De*ment"ed*ness, n.


     De*men"ti*a  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr.  demens.  See  Dement.]  Insanity;
     madness; esp. that form which consists in weakness or total loss of
     thought and reason; mental imbecility; idiocy.


     De*meph"i*tize  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Demephitized (?); p. pr. &
     vb.  n.  Demephitizing.]  [Cf.  F.  m\'82phitiser  to  infect  with
     mephitis.] To purify from mephitic. -- De*meph`i*ti*za"tion, n.


     De*merge"  (?), v. t. [L. demergere.] To plunge down into; to sink;
     to immerse. [Obs.]

     The water in which it was demerged. Boyle.


     De*mer"it  (?),  n.  [F.  d\'82m\'82rite  demerit (in sense 2), OF.
     demerite  demerit  (in  sense  1), fr. L. demerere to deserve well,
     LL.,  to deserve well or ill; de- + merere to deserve. See De-, and

     1.  That  which  one  merits  or  deserves,  either of good or ill;
     desert. [Obs.]

     By many benefits and demerits whereby they obliged their adherents,
     [they] acquired this reputation. Holland.

     2.  That  which  deserves  blame;  ill  desert;  a  fault;  a vice;
     misconduct; -- the opposite of merit.

     They see no merit or demerit in any man or any action. Burke.

     Secure, unless forfeited by any demerit or offense. Sir W. Temple.

     3. The state of one who deserves ill.


     De*mer"it,  v.  t.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82m\'82riter  to  deserve ill. See
     Demerit, n.]

     1.  To  deserve;  --  said  in  reference to both praise and blame.

     If I have demerited any love or thanks. Udall.

     Executed  as  a  traitor  .  . . as he well demerited. State Trials

     2. To depreciate or cry down. [R.] Bp. Woolton.


     De*mer"it, v. i. To deserve praise or blame.


     De*merse"  (?), v. t. [L. demersus, p. p. of demergere. See Merge.]
     To immerse. [Obs.] Boyle.


     De*mersed"  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Situated  or  growing under water, as
     leaves; submersed.


     De*mer"sion (?) n. [L. demersio.]

     1. The act of plunging into a fluid; a drowning.

     2. The state of being overwhelmed in water, or as if in water. Ray.


     De*mes"mer*ize  (?),  v. t. To relieve from mesmeric influence. See


     De*mesne" (?), n. [OE. demeine, demain, rule, demesne, OF. demeine,
     demaine,  demeigne,  domaine,  power,  F.  domaine  domain,  fr. L.
     dominium   property,   right  of  ownership,  fr.  dominus  master,
     proprietor,  owner.  See  Dame,  and  cf.  DEmain,  Domain, Danger,
     Dungeon.]  (Law)  A lord's chief manor place, with that part of the
     lands  belonging thereto which has not been granted out in tenancy;
     a house, and the land adjoining, kept for the proprietor's own use.
     [Written also demain.] Wharton's Law Dict. Burrill.

   Ancient demesne. (Eng. Law) See under Ancient.


   De*mesn"i*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to a demesne; of the nature of a


   Dem"i-  (?).  [F.  demi-,  fr.  L.  dimidius half; di- = dis- + medius
   middle.  See  Medium,  and  cf. Demy, Dimidiate.] A prefix, signifying


   De*mi" (?), n. See Demy, n.


   Dem"i*bas"tion  (?;  106),  n.  [Cf.  F. demi-bastion.] (Fort.) A half
   bastion,  or  that  part  of  a bastion consisting of one face and one


   Dem"i*bri*gade" (?), n. [Cf. F. demi-brigade.] A half brigade.


   Dem"i*ca`dence  (?) n. (Mus.) An imperfect or half cadence, falling on
   the dominant instead of on the key note.


   Dem"i*can"non  (?),  n.  (Mil.  Antiq.) A kind of ordnance, carrying a
   ball weighing from thirty to thirty-six pounds. Shak.


   Dem"i*cir`cle   (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  demi-cercle.]  An  instrument  for
   measuring angles, in surveying, etc. It resembles


   Dem"i*cul"ver*in  (?), n. (Mil. Antiq.) A kind of ordnance, carrying a
   ball weighing from nine to thirteen pounds.


   Dem"i*de"i*fy (?) v. t. To deify in part. Cowper.


   Dem"i*dev`il (?), n. A half devil. Shak.


   Dem"i*god  (?),  n. A half god, or an inferior deity; a fabulous hero,
   the offspring of a deity and a mortal.


   Dem"i*god`dess (?), n. A female demigod.


   Dem"i*gorge`  (?),  n. [Cf. F. demi-gorge.] (Fort.) Half the gorge, or
   entrance  into  a  bastion,  taken  from the angle of the flank to the
   center of the bastion.


   Dem"i*grate  (?),  v.  i.  [L. demigrare, demigratum, to emigrate. See
   De-, and Migrate.] To emigrate. [Obs.] Cockeram.


   Dem`i*gra"tion (?) n. [L. demigratio.] Emigration. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Dem"i*groat` (?), n. A half groat.


   Dem"i-is`and (?), n. Peninsula. [Obs.] Knolles.


   Dem"i*john  (?), n. [F. dame-jeanne, i. e., Lady Jane, a corruption of
   Ar.  damaj\'bena, damj\'bena, prob. fr. Damaghan a town in the Persian
   province of Khorassan, one famous for its glass works.] A glass vessel
   or bottle with a large body and small neck, inclosed in wickerwork.


   Dem"i*lance`  (?), n. A light lance; a short spear; a half pike; also,
   a demilancer.


   Dem"i*lan`cer  (?), n. A soldier of light cavalry of the 16th century,
   who carried a demilance.


   Dem"i*lune` (?), n. [F. demi-lune.]

   1. (Fort.) A work constructed beyond the main ditch of a fortress, and
   in  front  of the curtain between two bastions, intended to defend the
   curtain; a ravelin. See Ravelin.

   2.  (Physiol.) A crescentic mass of granular protoplasm present in the
   salivary glands.

     NOTE: &hand; Ea ch crescent is made of polyhedral cells which under
     some circumstances are supposed to give rise to new salivary cells.


   Dem"i*man` (?), n. A half man. [R.] Knolles.


   Dem`i*monde"  (?),  n. [F.; demi + monde world, L. mundus.] Persons of
   doubtful  reputation;  esp.,  women who are kept as mistresses, though
   not  public  prostitutes; demireps. Literary demimonde, writers of the
   lowest kind.


   Dem"i*na"tured  (?;  135),  a. Having half the nature of another. [R.]


   Dem"i*qua`ver  (?), n. (Mus.) A note of half the length of the quaver;
   a semiquaver. [R.]

                            Demirelief, Demirelievo

   Dem`i*re*lief"   (?),   Dem`i*re*lie"vo   (?),  n.  Half  relief.  See


   Dem"*rep`  (?),  n.  [Contr. fr. demi-reputation.] A woman of doubtful
   reputation  or  suspected  character;  an  adventuress.  [Colloq.]  De


   Dem"i-ri*lie"vo  (?),  n. [Pref. demi- + It. rilievo.] (Fine Arts) (a)
   Half relief; sculpture in relief of which the figures project from the
   background  by  one half their full roundness. (b) A work of sculpture
   of the above character. See Alto-rilievo.


   De*mis`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. (Law) The state of being demisable.


   De*mis"a*ble (?), a. [From Demise.] (Law) Capable of being leased; as,
   a demisable estate.


   De*mise"  (?),  n.  [F. d\'82mettre, p. p. d\'82mis, d\'82mise, to put
   away,  lay  down; pref. d\'82- (L. de or dis-) + mettre to put, place,
   lay, fr. L. mittere to send. See Mission, and cf. Dismiss, Demit.]

   1.  Transmission  by formal act or conveyance to an heir or successor;
   transference; especially, the transfer or transmission of the crown or
   royal authority to a successor.

   2.  The  decease of a royal or princely person; hence, also, the death
   of any illustrious person.

     After  the  demise  of  the  Queen  [of  George II.], in 1737, they
     [drawing-rooms] were held but twice a week. P. Cunningham.

   3.  (Law)  The  conveyance or transfer of an estate, either in fee for
   life or for years, most commonly the latter. Bouvier.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e de mise of  the crown is a transfer of the crown,
     royal  authority, or kingdom, to a successor. Thus, when Edward IV.
     was  driven  from  his  throne  for  a  few  months by the house of
     Lancaster,  this  temporary  transfer  of  his dignity was called a
     demise.  Thus  the  natural  death  of  a  king or queen came to be
     denominated  a demise, as by that event the crown is transferred to
     a successor.

   Blackstone.  Demise  and redemise, a conveyance where there are mutual
   leases  made from one to another of the same land, or something out of
   it. Syn. -- Death; decease; departure. See Death.


   De*mise", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Demised (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Demising.]

   1.  To  transfer or transmit by succession or inheritance; to grant or
   bestow by will; to bequeath. "Power to demise my lands." Swift.

     What honor Canst thou demise to any child of mine? Shak.

   2. To convey; to give. [R.]

     His soul is at his conception demised to him. Hammond.

   3. (Law) To convey, as an estate, be lease; to lease.


   Dem`i*sem"i*qua`ver  (?),  (Mus.)  A  short note, equal in time to the
   half of a semiquaver, or the thirty-second part of a whole note.


   De*miss" (?), a. [L. demissus, p. p. of demittere.] Cast down; humble;
   submissive. [Obs.]

     He down descended like a most demiss And abject thrall. Spenser.


   De*mis"sion (?), n. [L. demissio, fr. demittere. See Demit.]

   1.  The  act  of  demitting, or the state of being demitted; a letting
   down; a lowering; dejection. "Demission of mind." Hammond.

     Demission of sovereign authority. L'Estrange.

   2. Resignation of an office. [Scot.]


   De*mis"sion*a*ry (?), a.

   1. Pertaining to transfer or conveyance; as, a demissionary deed.

   2. Tending to lower, depress, or degrade.


   De*miss"ive (?), a. [See Demiss.] Downcast; submissive; humble. [R.]

     They pray with demissive eyelids. Lord (1630).


   De*miss"ly, adv. In a humble manner. [Obs.]


   Dem"i*suit`  (?), n. (Mil. Antiq.) A suit of light armor covering less
   than  the  whole  body, as having no protection for the legs below the
   things, no vizor to the helmet, and the like.


   De*mit" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Demitted; p. pr. & vb. n. Demitting.]
   [L.  demittere to send or bring down, to lower; de- + mittere to send.
   Cf. Demise.]

   1. To let fall; to depress. [R.]

     They  [peacocks]  demit and let fall the same [i. e., their train].
     Sir T. Browne.

   2. To yield or submit; to humble; to lower; as, to demit one's self to
   humble duties. [R.]

   3. To lay down, as an office; to resign. [Scot.]

     General Conway demitted his office. Hume.


   Dem"i*tint`  (?),  n.  (Fine  Arts)  (a)  That  part  of  a  painting,
   engraving,  or  the  like,  which is neither in full darkness nor full
   light. (b) The shade itself; neither the darkest nor the lightest in a
   composition. Also called half tint.


   Dem"i*tone` (?), n. (Mus.) Semitone. [R.]


   Dem"i*urge  (?),  n.  [Gr.  dhmioyrgo`s  a  worker  for  the people, a
   workman,  especially  the  marker  of  the world, the Creator; dh`mios
   belonging to the people (fr. dh^mos the people) + 'e`rgon a work.]

   1. (Gr. Antiq.) The chief magistrate in some of the Greek states.

   2. God, as the Maker of the world.

   3.  According to the Gnostics, an agent or one employed by the Supreme
   Being to create the material universe and man.


   Dem`i*ur"gic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Pertaining  to  a  demiurge;  formative;
   creative. "Demiurgic power." De Quincey.


   Dem"*vill`  (?), n. (Old Law) A half -vill, consisting of five freemen
   or frankpledges. Blackstone.


   Dem"i*volt`  (?),  n. [Cf. F. demi-volte.] (Man.) A half vault; one of
   the  seven  artificial motions of a horse, in which he raises his fore
   legs in a particular manner.


   Dem"i*wolf`  (?),  n.  A half wolf; a mongrel dog, between a dog and a


   De*mob`i*li*za"tion   (?),   n.   [Cf.   F.   d\'82mobilisation.   See
   Mobilization.] (Mil.) The disorganization or disarming of troops which
   have  previously  been  mobilized  or  called into active service; the
   change from a war footing to a peace footing.


   De*mob"i*lize   (?),   v.   t.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82mobiliser.]  (Mil.)  To
   disorganize,  or  disband  and  send  home,  as troops which have been


   De*moc"ra*cy  (?), n.; pl. Democracies (#). [F. d\'82mocratie, fr. Gr.
   dhmokrati`a;  dh^mos  the  people  +  kratei^n  to be strong, to rule,
   kra`tos strength.]

   1. Government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme
   power is retained and directly exercised by the people.

   2. Government by popular representation; a form of government in which
   the  supreme  power  is  retained  by  the  people,  but is indirectly
   exercised  through  a system of representation and delegated authority
   periodically  renewed;  a  constitutional representative government; a

   3.  Collectively,  the  people,  regarded as the source of government.

   4.  The  principles  and  policy  of  the Democratic party, so called.


   Dem"o*crat (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82mocrate.]

   1.  One  who is an adherent or advocate of democracy, or government by
   the people.

     Whatever   they  call  him,  what  care  I,  Aristocrat,  democrat,
     autocrat. Tennyson.

   2. A member of the Democratic party. [U.S.]


   Dem`o*crat"ic (?), a. [Gr. d\'82mocratique.]

   1.  Pertaining  to  democracy; favoring democracy, or constructed upon
   the principle of government by the people.

   2. Relating to a political party so called.

   3. Befitting the common people; -- opposed to aristocratic.
   The  Democratic  party, the name of one of the chief political parties
   in the United States.


   Dem`o*crat"ic*al (?), a. Democratic.

     The democratical was democratically received. Algernon Sidney.


   Dem`o*crat"ic*al*ly, adv. In a democratic manner.


   De*moc"ra*tism (?), n. The principles or spirit of a democracy. [R.]


   De*moc"ra*tist (?), n. A democrat. [R.] Burke.


   De*moc"ra*tize (?) v. t. To render democratic.


   De*moc"ra*ty (?), n. Democracy. [Obs.] Milton.

   Page 389


   De`mo*gor"gon  (?),  n.  [First  me the scholiast, gorgo`s fierce, , A
   mysterious,  terrible,  and  evil  divinity,  regarded  by some as the
   author  of creation, by others as a great magician who was supposed to
   command the spirits of the lower world. See Gorgon.

     Orcus and Ades, and the dreaded name Of Demogorgon. Milton.


   De*mog"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. -graphy.] The study of races, as to births,
   marriages, mortality, health, etc. -- Dem`o*graph"ic, a.


   De`moi`selle" (?), n. [F. See Damsel.]

   1. A young lady; a damsel; a lady's maid.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) The Numidian crane (Antropoides virgo); -- so called on
   account of the grace and symmetry of its form and movements.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) A beautiful, small dragon fly of the genus Agrion.


   De*mol"ish  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Demolished (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Demolishing.]  [F. d\'82molir, fr. L. demoliri, p. p. demolitus; de- +
   moliri to set a thing in motion, to work, construct, from moles a huge
   mass  or  structure.  See  Mole a mound, and Finish.] To throw or pull
   down;  to  raze; to destroy the fabric of; to pull to pieces; to ruin;
   as, to demolish an edifice, or a wall.

     I  expected  the  fabric  of  my  book  would  long since have been
     demolished, and laid even with the ground. Tillotson.

   Syn.  --  To  Demolish,  Overturn,  Destroy,  Dismantle, Raze. That is
   overturned  or  overthrown  which had stood upright; that is destroyed
   whose  component  parts  are  scattered;  that is demolished which had
   formed  a  mass  or structure; that is dismantled which is stripped of
   its covering, as a vessel of its sails, or a fortress of its bastions,
   etc.;  that  is  razed  which is brought down smooth, and level to the
   ground. An ancient pillar is overturned or overthrown as the result of
   decay; as city is destroyed by an invasion of its enemies; a monument,
   the  walls of a castle, a church, or any structure, real or imaginary,
   may  be  demolished;  a  fortress  may  be  dismantled from motives of
   prudence,  in  order  to render it defenseless; a city may be razed by
   way of punishment, and its ruins become a memorial of vengeance.


   De*mol"ish`er  (?),  n.  One  who,  or  that  which, demolishes; as, a
   demolisher of towns.


   De*mol"ish*ment (?), n. Demolition.


   Dem`o*li"tion  (?;  277),  n.  [L.  demolitio,  fr.  demoliri:  cf. F.
   d\'82molition.  See  Demolish.] The act of overthrowing, pulling down,
   or  destroying  a  pile  or  structure; destruction by violence; utter
   overthrow;  -- opposed to construction; as, the demolition of a house,
   of military works, of a town, or of hopes.


   Dem`o*li"tion*ist, n. A demolisher. [R.] Carlyle.


   De"mon  (?),  n. [F. d\'82mon, L. daemon a spirit, an evil spirit, fr.

   1.  (Gr. Antiq.) A spirit, or immaterial being, holding a middle place
   between men and deities in pagan mythology.

     The demon kind is of an inSydenham.

   2. One's genius; a tutelary spirit or internal voice; as, the demon of
   Socrates. [Often written d\'91mon.]

   3. An evil spirit; a devil.

     That same demon that hath gulled thee thus. Shak.


   De"mon*ess (?), n. A female demon.


   De*mon`e*ti*za"tion  (?), n. The act of demonetizing, or the condition
   of being demonetized.


   De*mon"e*tize (?; see Monetary), v. t. To deprive of current value; to
   withdraw from use, as money.

     They  [gold  mohurs]  have been completely demonetized by the [East
     India] Company. R. Cobden.

                             Demoniac, Demoniacal

   De*mo"ni*ac  (?),  Dem`o*ni"a*cal  (?;  277),  a. [L. daemoniacus, fr.
   daemon; cf. F. d\'82moniaque. See Demon.]

   1.  Pertaining  to,  or  characteristic  of,  a  demon or evil spirit;
   devilish; as, a demoniac being; demoniacal practices.

     Sarcastic, demoniacal laughter. Thackeray.

   2.  Influenced  or produced by a demon or evil spirit; as, demoniac or
   demoniacal power. "Demoniac frenzy." Milton.


   De*mo"ni*ac (?), n.

   1.  A  human  being  possessed  by  a  demon or evil spirit; one whose
   faculties are directly controlled by a demon.

     The demoniac in the gospel was sometimes cast into the fire. Bates.

   2.  (Eccl.  Hist.)  One of a sect of Anabaptists who maintain that the
   demons or devils will finally be saved.


   Dem`o*ni"a*cal*ly (?), adv. In a demoniacal manner.


   Dem`o*ni"a*cism  (?), n. The state of being demoniac, or the practices
   of demoniacs.


   De*mo"ni*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to a demon. [Obs.] Cudworth.


   De*mo"ni*an  (?),  a.  Relating  to, or having the nature of, a demon.
   "Demonian spirits." Milton.


   De*mo"ni*an*ism  (?), n. The state of being possessed by a demon or by


   De*mo"ni*asm (?), n. See Demonianism. [R.]


   De*mo"nic  (?),  a. [L. daemonicus, Gr. daimoniko`s.] Of or pertaining
   to a demon or to demons; demoniac. "Demonic ambushes." Lowell.


   De"mon*ism  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82monisme.] The belief in demons or
   false gods.

     The established theology of the heathen world . . . rested upon the
     basis of demonism. Farmer.


   De"mon*ist, n. A believer in, or worshiper of, demons.


   De"mon*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Demonized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Demonizing.] [Cf. LL. daemonizare to be possessed by a demon, Gr.

   1.  To  convert  into  a  demon; to infuse the principles or fury of a
   demon into.

   2. To control or possess by a demon.


   De`mon*oc"ra*cy  (?), n. [Gr. dai`mwn demon + kra`tos strength: cf. F.
   d\'82monocratie.] The power or government of demons.

     A demonocracy of unclean spirits. H. Taylor.


   De`mon*og"ra*pher (?), n. [Demon + -graph + -er.] A demonologist. [R.]
   Am. Cyc.


   De`mon*ol"a*try  (?),  n.  [Gr.  dai`mwn  demon  +  latrei`a  worship,
   d\'82monol\'83trie.] The worship of demons.


   De`mon*ol"o*ger (?), n. One versed in demonology. R. North.

                          Demonologic, Demonological

   De`mon*o*log"ic    (?),    De`mon*o*log"ic*al    (?),   a.   [Cf.   F.
   d\'82monologique.] Of or Pertaining to demonology.


   De`mon*ol"o*gist  (?),  n.  One  who  writes  on,  or  is  versed  in,


   De`mon*ol"o*gy  (?; 277), n. [Demon + -logy: cf. F. d\'82monologie.] A
   treatise  on  demons;  a supposititious science which treats of demons
   and their manifestations. Sir W. Scott.


   De`mon*om"a*gy (?), n. [Gr. dai`mwn demon + magic.] Magic in which the
   aid of demons is invoked; black or infernal magic. Bp. Hurd.


   De*mon`o*ma"ni*a  (?),  n. [Demon + mania.] A form of madness in which
   the patient conceives himself possessed of devils.


   De*mon"o*mist  (?) n. One in subjection to a demon, or to demons. [R.]
   Sir T. Herbert.


   De*mon"o*my (?), n. [Gr. The dominion of demons. [R.] Sir T. Herbert.


   De"mon*ry (?), n. Demoniacal influence or possession. J. Baillie.


   De"mon*ship, n. The state of a demon. Mede.


   De*mon`stra*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  of  being  demonstrable;


   De*mon"stra*ble  (?),  a. [L. demonstrabilis: cf. OF. demonstrable, F.

   1.  Capable  of being demonstrated; that can be proved beyond doubt or

     The  grand  articles of our belief are as demonstrable as geometry.

   2. Proved; apparent. [Obs.] Shak.


   De*mon"stra*ble*ness,   n.   The   quality   of   being  demonstrable;


   De*mon"stra*bly,  adv.  In  a  demonstrable  manner; incontrovertibly;

     Cases that demonstrably concerned the public cause. Clarendon.


   De*mon"strance  (?),  n.  [OF.  demonstrance.]  Demonstration;  proof.
   [Obs.] Holland.


   Dem"on*strate  (?;  277), v. t. [L. demonstratus, p. p. of demonstrare
   to demonstrate; de- + monstrare to show. See Monster.]

   1. To point out; to show; to exhibit; to make evident. Shak.

   2.  To  show,  or  make  evident,  by  reasoning or proof; to prove by
   deduction;  to  establish so as to exclude the possibility of doubt or

     We can not demonstrate these things so as to show that the contrary
     often involves a contradiction. Tillotson.

   3.  (Anat.)  To  exhibit and explain (a dissection or other anatomical


   Dem"on*stra`ter, n. See Demonstrator.


   Dem`on*stra"tion (?), n. [L. demonstratio: cf. F. d\'82monstration.]

   1.  The  act of demonstrating; an exhibition; proof; especially, proof
   beyond  the  possibility of doubt; indubitable evidence, to the senses
   or reason.

     Those  intervening  ideas  which serve to show the agreement of any
     two others are called "proofs;" and where agreement or disagreement
     is  by  this  means  plainly  and  clearly  perceived, it is called
     demonstration. Locke.

   2.   An   expression,   as  of  the  feelings,  by  outward  signs;  a
   manifestation; a show.

     Did  your  letters  pierce the queen to any demonstration of grief?

     Loyal demonstrations toward the prince. Prescott.

   3.  (Anat.)  The  exhibition  and explanation of a dissection or other
   anatomical preparation.

   4.  (Mil.) a decisive exhibition of force, or a movement indicating an

   5. (Logic) The act of proving by the syllogistic process, or the proof

   6.  (Math.)  A  course of reasoning showing that a certain result is a
   necessary  consequence  of  assumed  premises; -- these premises being
   definitions, axioms, and previously established propositions.
   Direct,  OR  Positive, demonstration (Logic & Math.), one in which the
   correct  conclusion  is  the  immediate  sequence  of  reasoning  from
   axiomatic   or  established  premises;  --  opposed  to  Indirect,  OR
   Negative,  demonstration  (called also reductio ad absurdum), in which
   the correct conclusion is an inference from the demonstration that any
   other hypothesis must be incorrect.


   De*mon"stra*tive (?), a. [F. d\'82monstratif, L. demonstrativus.]

   1.  Having the nature of demonstration; tending to demonstrate; making
   evident;  exhibiting clearly or conclusively. "Demonstrative figures."

     An argument necessary and demonstrative. Hooker.

   2.  Expressing,  or  apt  to  express,  much;  displaying  feeling  or
   sentiment; as, her nature was demonstrative.

   3.  Consisting  of  eulogy or of invective. "Demonstrative eloquence."
   Demonstrative  pronoun  (Gram.), a pronoun distinctly designating that
   to which it refers.


   De*mon"stra*tive,  n.  (Gram.) A demonstrative pronoun; as, "this" and
   "that" are demonstratives.


   De*mon"stra*tive*ly  (?),  adv.  In  a  manner  fitted to demonstrate;
   clearly; convincingly; forcibly.


   De*mon"stra*tive*ness, n. The state or quality of being demonstrative.


   Dem"on*stra`tor (?; 277), n. [L.: cf. F. d\'82monstrateur.]

   1.  One  who  demonstrates; one who proves anything with certainty, or
   establishes it by indubitable evidence.

   2. (Anat.) A teacher of practical anatomy.


   De*mon"stra*to*ry  (?),  a.  Tending  to  demonstrate;  demonstrative.


   De*mor"age (?; 48), n. Demurrage. [Obs.] Pepys (1663).


   De*mor`al*i*za"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. d\'82moralisation.] The act of
   corrupting  or subverting morals. Especially: The act of corrupting or
   subverting  discipline,  courage,  hope,  etc.,  or the state of being
   corrupted   or   subverted  in  discipline,  courage,  etc.;  as,  the
   demoralization of an army or navy.


   De*mor"al*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Demoralized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Demoralizing.]  [F. d\'82moraliser; pref. d\'82- (L. dis- or de) +
   moraliser.  See  Moralize.]  To  corrupt  or  undermine  in morals; to
   destroy or lessen the effect of moral principles on; to render corrupt
   or  untrustworthy  in morals, in discipline, in courage, spirit, etc.;
   to weaken in spirit or efficiency.

     The  demoralizing example of profligate power and prosperous crime.

     The vices of the nobility had demoralized the army. Bancroft.


   Dem`os*then"ic (?), a. [L. Demosthenicus: cf. F. D\'82mosth\'82nique.]
   Pertaining to, or in the style of, Demosthenes, the Grecian orator.


   De*mot"ic  (?), a. [Gr. d\'82motique.] Of or pertaining to the people;
   popular; common. Demotic alphabet OR character, a form of writing used
   in Egypt after six or seven centuries before Christ, for books, deeds,
   and  other such writings; a simplified form of the hieratic character;
   -- called also epistolographic character, and enchorial character. See


   De*mount" (?), v. i. To dismount. [R.]


   Demp"ne (?) v. t. To damn; to condemn. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                            Dempster; 215, Demster

   Demp"ster (?; 215), Dem"ster (?), n. [See Deemster.]

   1. A deemster.

   2. (O. Scots Law) An officer whose duty it was to announce the doom or
   sentence pronounced by the court.


   De*mulce"  (?), v. t. [L. demulcere; de- + mulcere to stroke, soothe.]
   To soothe; to mollify; to pacify; to soften. [R.] Sir T. Elyot.


   De*mul"cent  (?),  a.  [L. demulcens, p. pr. of demulcere.] Softening;
   mollifying; soothing; assuasive; as, oil is demulcent.


   De*mul"cent,  n. (Med.) A substance, usually of a mucilaginous or oily
   nature,  supposed  to  be  capable  of  soothing  an  inflamed nervous
   membrane, or protecting i


   De*mul"sion (?), n. The act of soothing; that which soothes. Feltham.


   De*mur"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Demurred (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Demurring.]  [OF.  demurer,  demorer,  demourer,  to  linger, stay, F.
   demeurer,  fr.  L.  demorari; de- + morari to delay, tarry, stay, mora
   delay;  prob.  originally,  time for thinking, reflection, and akin to
   memor mindful. See Memory.]

   1. To linger; to stay; to tarry. [Obs.]

     Yet durst not demur nor abide upon the camp. Nicols.

   2. To delay; to pause; to suspend proceedings or judgment in view of a
   doubt  or  difficulty;  to  hesitate;  to put off the determination or
   conclusion of an affair.

     Upon  this  rub,  the  English  embassadors  thought  fit to demur.

   3.  To  scruple  or  object;  to  take  exception; as, I demur to that

   4. (Law) To interpose a demurrer. See Demurrer, 2.


   De*mur", v. t.

   1.  To  suspend  judgment  concerning;  to doubt of or hesitate about.

     The  latter  I  demur, for in their looks Much reason, and in their
     actions, oft appears. Milton.

   2. To cause delay to; to put off. [Obs.]

     He demands a fee, And then demurs me with a vain delay. Quarles.


   De*mur",  n.  [OF. demor, demore, stay, delay. See Demur, v. i.] Stop;
   pause;  hesitation  as  to proceeding; suspense of decision or action;

     All my demurs but double his attacks; At last he whispers, "Do; and
     we go snacks." Pope.


   De*mure"  (?),  a.  [Perh.  from OF. de murs (i. e., de bonnes murs of
   good  manners);  de  of + murs, mours, meurs, mors, F. m, fr. L. mores
   (sing.  mos)  manners,  morals  (see  Moral);  or  more  prob. fr. OF.
   me\'81r,  F.  m\'96r mature, ripe (see Mature) in a phrase preceded by
   de, as de m\'96re conduite of mature conduct.]

   1.  Of  sober  or  serious  mien; composed and decorous in bearing; of
   modest look; staid; grave.

     Sober, steadfast, and demure. Milton.

     Nan  was  very  much  delighted in her demure way, and that delight
     showed itself in her face and in her clear bright eyes. W. Black.

   2. Affectedly modest, decorous, or serious; making a show of gravity.

     A  cat lay, and looked so demure, as if there had been neither life
     nor soul in her. L'Estrange.

     Miss  Lizzy, I have no doubt, would be as demure and coquettish, as
     if ten winters more had gone over her head. Miss Mitford.


   De*mure", v. i. To look demurely. [Obs.] Shak.


   De*mure"ly,  adv.  In  a  demure  manner;  soberly;  gravely;  -- now,
   commonly, with a mere show of gravity or modesty.

     They  .  . . looked as demurely as they could; for 't was a hanging
     matter to laugh unseasonably. Dryden.

   Page 390


   De*mure"ness  (?),  n. The state of being demure; gravity; the show of
   gravity or modesty.


   De*mur"i*ty  (?),  n.  Demureness;  also,  one  who  is demure. Sir T.


   De*mur"ra*ble (?), a. That may be demurred to. Stormonth.


   De*mur"rage (?), n. [Cf. OF. demorage delay. See Demur.] (Law) (a) The
   detention  of a vessel by the freighter beyond the time allowed in her
   charter  party  for  loading, unloading, or sailing. (b) The allowance
   made to the master or owner of the ship for such delay or detention.

     The  claim  for demurrage ceases as soon as the ship is cleared out
     and ready for sailing. M\'bfCulloch.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e te rm is  al so ap plied to  si milar de lays and
     allowances in land carriage, by wagons, railroads, etc.


   De*mur"ral (?), n. Demur; delay in acting or deciding.

     The  same causes of demurral existed which prevented British troops
     from assisting in the expulsion of the French from Rome. Southey.


   De*mur"rer (?), n.

   1. One who demurs.

   2.  (Law) A stop or pause by a party to an action, for the judgment of
   the  court  on the question, whether, assuming the truth of the matter
   alleged  by the opposite party, it is sufficient in law to sustain the
   action  or  defense,  and  hence whether the party resting is bound to
   answer or proceed further.
   Demurrer  to  evidence,  an exception taken by a party to the evidence
   offered by the opposite party, and an objecting to proceed further, on
   the allegation that such evidence is not sufficient in law to maintain
   the  issue,  and  a  reference  to  the  court to determine the point.


   De*my" (?), n.; pl. Demies (#). [See Demi-.]

   1.  A  printing  and  a  writing  paper of particular sizes. See under

   2. A half fellow at Magdalen College, Oxford. [Written also demi.]

     He  was  elected  into  Magdalen College as a demy; a term by which
     that  society  denominates those elsewhere called "scholars," young
     men  who partake of the founder's benefaction, and succeed in their
     order to vacant fellowships. Johnson.


   De*my",  a.  Pertaining to, or made of, the size of paper called demy;
   as, a demy book.


   Den  (?), n. [AS. denn; perh. akin to G. tenne floor, thrashing floor,
   and to AS. denu valley.]

   1.  A  small  cavern  or  hollow place in the side of a hill, or among
   rocks;  esp.,  a cave used by a wild beast for shelter or concealment;
   as, a lion's den; a den of robbers.

   2.  A squalid place of resort; a wretched dwelling place; a haunt; as,
   a  den  of  vice. "Those squalid dens, which are the reproach of great
   capitals." Addison.

   3. Any snug or close retreat where one goes to be alone. [Colloq.]

   4.  [AS.  denu.]  A narrow glen; a ravine; a dell. [Old Eng. & Scotch]


   Den, v. i. To live in, or as in, a den.

     The sluggish salvages that den below. G. Fletcher.


   De*nar"co*tize  (?), v. t. To deprive of narcotine; as, to denarcotize
   opium. -- De*nar`co*ti*za"tion (#), n.


   De*na"ri*us  (?),  n.;  pl.  Denarii  (#). [L. See 2d Denier.] A Roman
   silver  coin  of the value of about fourteen cents; the "penny" of the
   New  Testament;  --  so  called from being worth originally ten of the
   pieces called as.


   Den"a*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  denarius.  See  2d  Denier.]  Containing ten;
   tenfold; proceeding by tens; as, the denary, or decimal, scale.


   Den"a*ry, n.

   1. The number ten; a division into ten.

   2. A coin; the Anglicized form of denarius. Udall.


   De*na`tion*al*i*za"tion  (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82nationalisation.] The or
   process of denationalizing.


   De*na"tion*al*ize  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Denationalized (?); p. pr.
   &  vb.  n.  Denationalizing.] [Cf. F. d\'82nationaliser.] To divest or
   deprive of national character or rights.

     Bonaparte's  decree  denationalizes, as he calls it, all ships that
     have touched at a British port. Cobbett.

     An expatriated, denationalized race. G. Eliot.


   De*nat"u*ral*ize  (?;  135), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Denaturalized (?); p.
   pr. & vb. n. Denaturalizing.] [Cf. F. d\'82naturaliser.]

   1. To render unnatural; to alienate from nature.

   2.  To  renounce  the  natural  rights  and  duties  of; to deprive of
   citizenship; to denationalize. [R.]

     They  also claimed the privilege, when aggrieved, of denaturalizing
     themselves,  or,  in  other  words,  of  publicly  renouncing their
     allegiance  to  their sovereign, and of enlisting under the banners
     of his enemy. Prescott.


   De*nay" (?), v. t. [See Deny.] To deny. [Obs.]

     That with great rage he stoutly doth denay. Spenser.


   De*nay", n. Denial; refusal. [Obs.] Shak.


   Den"dra*chate  (?), n. [L. dendrachates; Gr. dendrachate, dendragate.]
   (Min.) Arborescent or dendritic agate.


   Den"dri*form  (?),  a.  [Gr. -form.] Resembling in structure a tree or


   Den"drite  (?),  n. [Gr. dendrite.] (Min.) A stone or mineral on or in
   which  are branching figures resembling shrubs or trees, produced by a
   foreign  mineral, usually an oxide of manganese, as in the moss agate;
   also,  a  crystallized mineral having an arborescent form, e. g., gold
   or silver; an arborization.

                            Dendritic, Dendritical

   Den*drit"ic  (?),  Den*drit"ic*al (?), a. Pertaining to a dendrite, or
   to  arborescent  crystallization;  having a form resembling a shrub or
   tree; arborescent.

   Dendroc Den`dro*c (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of the
Turbellaria in which the digestive cavity gives off lateral branches, which are
                    often divided into smaller branchlets.

                             Dendroid, Dendroidal

   Den"droid  (?),  Den*droid"al (?), a. [Gr. dendro\'8bde.] Resembling a
   shrub or tree in form; treelike.


   Den"dro*lite  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -lite:  cf. F. dendrolithe.] (Paleon.) A
   petrified or fossil shrub, plant, or part of a plant.


   Den*drol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in the natural history of trees.


   Den*drol"o*gous (?), a. Relating to dendrology.


   Den*drol"o*gy  (?), n. [Gr. -logy: cf. F. dendrologie.] A discourse or
   treatise on trees; the natural history of trees.


   Den*drom"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -meter:  cf.  F.  dendrom\'8atre.]  An
   instrument to measure the height and diameter of trees.


   Den"e*gate  (?), v. t. [L. denegatus, p. p. of denegare. See Deny.] To
   deny. [Obs.]


   Den`e*ga"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82n\'82gation.] Denial. [Obs.]


   Den"gue  (?), n. [See Note, below.] (Med.) A specific epidemic disease
   attended  with high fever, cutaneous eruption, and severe pains in the
   head  and  limbs,  resembling  those  of  rheumatism;  --  called also
   breakbone  fever. It occurs in India, Egypt, the West Indies, etc., is
   of short duration, and rarely fatal.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is di sease, wh en it first appeared in the British
     West  India Islands, was called the dandy fever, from the stiffness
     and  constraint which it grave to the limbs and body. The Spaniards
     of  the neighboring islands mistook the term for their word dengue,
     denoting  prudery,  which  might  also  well express stiffness, and
     hence  the  term  dengue  became, as last, the name of the disease.


   De*ni"a*ble  (?),  a.  [See  Deny.] Capable of being, or liable to be,


   De*ni"al (?), n. [See Deny.]

   1.  The  act  of  gainsaying, refusing, or disowning; negation; -- the
   contrary of affirmation.

     You  ought  to  converse  with  so  much  sincerity  that your bare
     affirmation or denial may be sufficient. Bp. Stillingfleet.

   2.  A  refusal  to admit the truth of a statement, charge, imputation,
   etc.;  assertion  of  the  untruth  of a thing stated or maintained; a

   3. A refusal to grant; rejection of a request.

     The commissioners, . . . to obtain from the king's subjects as much
     as  they  would  willingly  give, . . . had not to complain of many
     peremptory denials. Hallam.

   4. A refusal to acknowledge; disclaimer of connection with; disavowal;
   --  the  contrary  of confession; as, the denial of a fault charged on
   one; a denial of God.
   Denial  of one's self, a declining of some gratification; restraint of
   one's appetites or propensities; self-denial.


   De*ni"ance (?), n. Denial. [Obs.] E. Hall.


   De*ni"er  (?),  n.  One  who denies; as, a denier of a fact, or of the
   faith, or of Christ.


   De*nier" (?), n. [F. denier, fr. L. denarius a Roman silver coin orig.
   equiv.  to  ten  asses,  later, a copper, fr. deni ten by ten, fr. the
   root  of decem ten; akin to E. ten. See Ten, and cf. Denary, Dinar.] A
   small copper coin of insignificant value.

     My dukedom to a beggarly denier. Shak.


   Den"i*grate  (?), v. t. [L. denigrare; de- + nigrare to blacken, niger

   1. To blacken thoroughly; to make very black. Boyle.

   2. Fig.: To blacken or sully; to defame. [R.]

     To denigrate the memory of Voltaire. Morley.


   Den`i*gra"tion (?), n. [L. denigratio.]

   1. The act of making black. Boyle.

   2. Fig.: A blackening; defamation.

     The vigorous denigration of science. Morley.


   Den"i*gra`tor (?), n. One who, or that which, blackens.


   Den"im  (?),  n.  [Of uncertain origin.] A coarse cotton drilling used
   for overalls, etc.


   Den`i*tra"tion  (?),  n.  [Pref.  de-  +  nitrate.]  A disengaging, or
   removal, of nitric acid.


   De*ni`tri*fi*ca"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  or  process  of freeing from
   nitrogen; also, the condition resulting from the removal of nitrogen.


   De*ni"tri*fy  (?),  v. t. [Pref. de- + nitrogen + -fy.] To deprive of,
   or free from, nitrogen.


   Den`i*za"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  of  making one a denizen or adopted
   citizen; naturalization. Hallam.


   De*nize"  (?),  v.  t.  To  make  a  denizen;  to confer the rights of
   citizenship upon; to naturalize. [Obs.]

     There  was  a private act made for denizing the children of Richard


   Den"i*zen (?), n. [OF. denzein, deinzein, prop., one living (a city or
   country); opposed to forain foreign, and fr. denz within, F. dans, fr.
   L.  de  intus, prop., from within, intus being from in in. See In, and
   cf. Foreign.]

   1. A dweller; an inhabitant. "Denizens of air." Pope.

     Denizens of their own free, independent state. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  One  who  is  admitted  by favor to all or a part of the rights of
   citizenship,  where  he  did  not possess them by birth; an adopted or
   naturalized citizen.

   3. One admitted to residence in a foreign country.

     Ye gods, Natives, or denizens, of blest abodes. Dryden.


   Den"i*zen, v. t.

   1.  To constitute (one) a denizen; to admit to residence, with certain
   rights and privileges.

     As soon as denizened, they domineer. Dryden.

   2.  To  provide with denizens; to populate with adopted or naturalized

     There  [islets]  were  at  once  denizened  by various weeds. J. D.


   Den`i*zen*a"tion (?), n. Denization; denizening. Abbott.


   Den"i*zen*ize  (?),  v.  t. To constitute (one) a denizen; to denizen.


   Den"i*zen*ship, n. State of being a denizen.

                                 Denmark satin

   Den"mark sat"in (?). See under Satin.


   Den"net  (?),  n. A light, open, two-wheeled carriage for one horse; a
   kind of gig. ("The term and vehicle common about 1825." Latham.)


   De*nom"i*na*ble  (?), a. Capable of being denominated or named. Sir T.


   De*nom"i*nate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Denominated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Denominating  (?).]  [L. denominatus, p. p. of denominare to name;
   de-  +  nominare to call by name. See Nominate.] To give a name to; to
   characterize by an epithet; to entitle; to name; to designate.

     Passions commonly denominating selfish. Hume.


   De*nom"i*nate  (?),  a. [L. denominatus, p. p.] Having a specific name
   or  denomination;  specified  in  the concrete as opposed to abstract;
   thus,  7  feet  is  a  denominate  quantity,  while 7 is mere abstract
   quantity or number. See Compound number, under Compound.


   De*nom`i*na"tion   (?),   n.   [L.   denominatio   metonymy:   cf.  F.
   d\'82nomination a naming.]

   1. The act of naming or designating.

   2.  That  by  which  anything  is denominated or styled; an epithet; a
   name,  designation,  or title; especially, a general name indicating a
   class  of like individuals; a category; as, the denomination of units,
   or of thousands, or of fourths, or of shillings, or of tons.

     Those  [qualities]  which  are  classed  under  the denomination of
     sublime. Burke.

   3.  A  class,  or  society  of individuals, called by the same name; a
   sect;  as,  a  denomination  of Christians. Syn. -- Name; appellation;
   title. See Name.


   De*nom`i*na"tion*al  (?),  a. Pertaining to a denomination, especially
   to a sect or society. "Denominational differences." Buckle.


   De*nom`i*na"tion*al*ism  (?),  n.  A denominational or class spirit or
   policy; devotion to the interests of a sect or denomination.


   De*nom`i*na"tion*al*ist,  n.  One imbued with a denominational spirit.
   The Century.


   De*nom`i*na"tion*al*ly,   adv.   In   a   denominational   manner;  by
   denomination or sect.


   De*nom`i*na"tive (?), a. [Cf. F. d\'82nominatif.]

   1. Conferring a denomination or name.

   2. (Logic) Connotative; as, a denominative name.

   3.  Possessing,  or  capable of possessing, a distinct denomination or
   designation; denominable.

     The least denominative part of time is a minute. Cocker.

   4.  (Gram.)  Derived  from  a  substantive  or  an  adjective;  as,  a
   denominative verb.


   De*nom`i*na"tive,  n.  A denominative name or term; denominative verb.
   Jer. Taylor. Harkness.


   De*nom`i*na"tive*ly, adv. By denomination.


   De*nom"i*na`tor (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82nominateur.]

   1. One who, or that which, gives a name; origin or source of a name.

     This opinion that Aram . . . was the father and denomination of the
     Syrians in general. Sir W. Raleigh.

   2.  (Arith.)  That  number  placed  below the line in vulgar fractions
   which shows into how many parts the integer or unit is divided.

     NOTE: &hand; Th us, in  ,  5  is  the denominator, showing that the
     integer is divided into five parts; and the numerator, 3, shows how
     many parts are taken.

   3. (Alg.) That part of any expression under a fractional form which is
   situated below the horizontal line signifying division.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th is se nse, the denominator is not necessarily a
     number,  but  may  be  any expression, either positive or negative,
     real or imaginary.

   Davies & Peck (Math. Dict. )


   De*not"a*ble  (?),  a.  [From  Denote.]  Capable  of  being denoted or
   marked. Sir T. Browne.


   De*no"tate  (?), v. t. [L. denotatus, p. p. of denotare.] To mark off;
   to denote. [Archaic]

     These terms denotate a longer time. Burton.

     What  things  should  be  denotated  and  signified  by  the color.


   De`no*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  denotatio:  cf.  F.  d\'82notation.] The
   marking off or separation of anything. Hammond.


   De*not"a*tive  (?),  a. Having power to denote; designating or marking

     Proper  names  are pre\'89minently denotative; telling us that such
     as  object  has such a term to denote it, but telling us nothing as
     to any single attribute. Latham.


   De*note"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Denoted; p. pr. & vb. n. Denoting.]
   [L.  denotare;  de-  +  notare  to mark, nota mark, sign, note: cf. F.
   d\'82noter. See Note.]

   1.  To mark out plainly; to signify by a visible sign; to serve as the
   sign or name of; to indicate; to point out; as, the hands of the clock
   denote the hour.

     The better to denote her to the doctor. Shak.

   2. To be the sign of; to betoken; to signify; to mean.

     A general expression to denote wickedness of every sort. Gilpin.


   De*note"ment (?), n. Sign; indication. [R.]

     NOTE: &hand; A word found in some editions of Shakespeare.


   De*not"ive (?), a. Serving to denote.


   D\'82`noue`ment"  (?),  n. [F. d\'82nouement, fr. d\'82nouer to untie;
   pref.  d\'82-  (L.  dis-) + nouer to tie, fr. L. nodus knot, perh. for
   gnodus and akin to E. knot.]

   1.  The unraveling or discovery of a plot; the catastrophe, especially
   of a drama or a romance.

   2. The solution of a mystery; issue; outcome.

   Page 391


   De*nounce"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Denounced (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Denouncing.]  [F.  d\'82noncer,  OF.  denoncier,  fr.  L.  denuntiare,
   denunciare;  de-  + nunciare, nuntiare, to announce, report, nuntius a
   messenger, message. See Nuncio, and cf. Denunciate.]

   1.  To  make  known  in  a  solemn  or official manner; to declare; to
   proclaim (especially an evil). [Obs.]

     Denouncing wrath to come. Milton.

     I  denounce  unto  you this day, that ye shall surely perish. Deut.
     xxx. 18.

   2.  To  proclaim  in a threatening manner; to threaten by some outward
   sign or expression.

     His look denounced desperate. Milton.

   3.  To  point out as deserving of reprehension or punishment, etc.; to
   accuse in a threatening manner; to invoke censure upon; to stigmatize.

     Denounced for a heretic. Sir T. More.

     To denounce the immoralities of Julius C\'91sar. Brougham.


   De*nounce"ment  (?),  n.  [Cf.  OF. denoncement.] Solemn, official, or
   menacing announcement; denunciation. [Archaic]

     False is the reply of Cain, upon the denouncement of his curse. Sir
     T. Browne.


   De*noun"cer (?) n. One who denounces, or declares, as a menace.

     Here comes the sad denouncer of my fate. Dryden.


   Dense (?), a. [L. densus; akin to Gr. dense.]

   1.  Having  the  constituent  parts massed or crowded together; close;
   compact;  thick;  containing  much  matter  in  a  small space; heavy;
   opaque; as, a dense crowd; a dense forest; a dense fog.

     All sorts of bodies, firm and fluid, dense and rare. Ray.

     To replace the cloudy barrier dense. Cowper.

   2. Stupid; gross; crass; as, dense ignorance.


   Dense"ly, adv. In a dense, compact manner.


   Dense"less, n. The quality of being dense; density.


   Den*sim"e*ter   (?),   n.   [L.   densus   dense   +  -meter:  cf.  F.
   densim\'8atre.] An instrument for ascertaining the specific gravity or
   density of a substance.


   Den"si*ty (?), n. [L. densitas; cf. F. densit\'82.]

   1.  The  quality  of  being  dense,  close,  or thick; compactness; --
   opposed to rarity.

   2.  (Physics)  The  ratio  of  mass, or quantity of matter, to bulk or
   volume, esp. as compared with the mass and volume of a portion of some
   substance used as a standard.

     NOTE: &hand; Fo r ga ses th e st andard substance is hydrogen, at a
     temperature of 0 Centigrade and a pressure of 760 millimeters. For
     liquids  and  solids  the  standard is water at a temperature of 4
     Centigrade.  The  density  of  solids and liquids is usually called
     specific  gravity,  and  the same is true of gases when referred to
     air as a standard.

   3. (Photog.) Depth of shade. Abney.


   Dent (?), n. [A variant of Dint.]

   1. A stroke; a blow. [Obs.] "That dent of thunder." Chaucer.

   2. A slight depression, or small notch or hollow, made by a blow or by
   pressure; an indentation.

     A  blow  that  would  have  made  a  dent  in a pound of butter. De


   Dent,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dented; p. pr. & vb. n. Denting.] To make a
   dent upon; to indent.

     The houses dented with bullets. Macaulay.


   Dent, n. [F., fr. L. dens, dentis, tooth. See Tooth.] (Mach.) A tooth,
   as of a card, a gear wheel, etc. Knight.


   Den"tal (?), a. [L. dens, dentis, tooth: cf. F. dental. See Tooth.]

   1. Of or pertaining to the teeth or to dentistry; as, dental surgery.

   2.  (Phon.)  Formed  by  the  aid  of  the  teeth;  -- said of certain
   articulations  and  the  letters representing them; as, d t are dental
   Dental  formula  (Zo\'94l.), a brief notation used by zo\'94logists to
   denote  the number and kind of teeth of a mammal. -- Dental surgeon, a


   Den"tal, n. [Cf. F. dentale. See Dental, a.]

   1. An articulation or letter formed by the aid of the teeth.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  A marine mollusk of the genus Dentalium, with a curved
   conical shell resembling a tooth. See Dentalium.


   Den"tal*ism  (?),  n.  The  quality  of being formed by the aid of the


   Den*ta"li*um  (?),  n. [NL., fr. L. dens, dentis, tooth.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   genus of marine mollusks belonging to the Scaphopoda, having a tubular
   conical shell.


   Den"ta*ry  (?), a. (Anat.) Pertaining to, or bearing, teeth. -- n. The
   distal  bone  of  the  lower jaw in many animals, which may or may not
   bear teeth.

                               Dentate, Dentated

   Den"tate  (?),  Den"ta*ted  (?),  a.  [L.  dentatus, fr. dens, dentis,

   1. (Bot.) Toothed; especially, with the teeth projecting straight out,
   not pointed either forward or backward; as, a dentate leaf.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having  teeth  or  toothlike  points.  See  Illust. of


   Den"tate-cil"i*ate  (?),  a. (Bot.) Having the margin dentate and also
   ciliate or fringed with hairs.


   Den"tate*ly  (?),  adv.  In a dentate or toothed manner; as, dentately
   ciliated, etc.


   Den"tate-sin"u*ate  (?),  a. (Bot.) Having a form intermediate between
   dentate and sinuate.


   Den*ta"tion (?), n. Formation of teeth; toothed form. [R.]

     How did it [a bill] get its barb, its dentation? Paley.


   Dent"ed  (?),  a.  [From  Dent, v. t.] Indented; impressed with little


   Dent"el (?), n. Same as Dentil.


   Den*telle" (?), n. [F.] (Bookbinding) An ornamental tooling like lace.


   Den*tel"li (?), n. pl. [It., sing. dentello, prop., little tooth, dim.
   of dente tooth, L. dens, dentis. Cf. Dentil.] Modillions. Spectator.


   Den"tex (?), n. [NL., cf. L. dentix a sort of sea fish.] (Zo\'94l.) An
   edible European marine fish (Sparus dentex, or Dentex vulgaris) of the
   family Percid\'91.


   Den`ti*ce"te (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. dens, dentis, tooth + cetus, pl.
   cete, whale, Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The division of Cetacea in which the teeth
   are developed, including the sperm whale, dolphins, etc.


   Den"ti*cle  (?),  n.  [L.  denticulus  a  little  tooth, dim. of dens,
   dentis,  tooth.  See  Dental,  and  cf.  Dentelli.]  A  small tooth or
   projecting point.

                           Denticulate, Denticulated

   Den*tic"u*late  (?),  Den*tic"u*la`ted  (?),  a. [L. denticulatus, fr.
   denticulus.  See  Denticle.]  Furnished  with  denticles; notched into
   little  toothlike  projections;  as,  a  denticulate leaf of calyx. --
   Den*tic"u*late*ly (#), adv.


   Den*tic`u*la"tion (?), n.

   1. The state of being set with small notches or teeth. Grew.

   2. (Bot. & Zo\'94l.) A diminutive tooth; a denticle.


   Den*tif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  dens, dentis, tooth + -ferous.] Bearing
   teeth; dentigerous.


   Den"ti*form   (?),  a.  [L.  dens,  dentis,  tooth  +  -form:  cf.  F.
   dentiforme.] Having the form of a tooth or of teeth; tooth-shaped.


   Den"ti*frice  (?),  n. [L. dentifricium; dens, dentis, tooth + fricare
   to rub: cf. F. dentifrice. See Tooth, and Friction.] A powder or other
   substance to be used in cleaning the teeth; tooth powder.


   Den*tig"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  dens, dentis, tooth + -gerous.] Bearing
   teeth or toothlike structures.


   Den"til  (?),  n.  [LL.  dentillus,  for  L. denticulus. Cf. Dentelli,
   Denticle,  Dentile.]  (Arch.)  A  small  square block or projection in
   cornices,  a number of which are ranged in an ornamental band; -- used
   particularly in the Ionic, Corinthian, and Composite orders.


   Den`ti*la"bi*al  (?),  a.  Formed  by  the  teeth  and  the  lips,  or
   representing a sound so formed. -- n. A dentilabial sound or letter.


   Den"ti*la`ted (?), a. Toothed.


   Den`ti*la"tion (?), n. Dentition.


   Den"ti*lave  (?), n. [L. dens, dentis, tooth + lavare to wash.] A wash
   for cleaning the teeth.


   Den"tile  (?),  n.  [LL.  dentillus,  for  L. denticulus. See Dentil.]
   (Zo\'94l.) A small tooth, like that of a saw.


   Den`ti*lin"gual  (?),  a.  [L.  dens  tooth + E. lingual.] Produced by
   applying  the  tongue  to  the teeth or to the gums; or representing a
   sound so formed. -- n. A dentilingual sound or letter.

     The  letters  of  this fourth, dentilingual or linguidental, class,
     viz., d, t, s, z, l, r. Am. Cyc.


   Den*til"o*quist  (?),  n.  One  who speaks through the teeth, that is,
   with the teeth closed.


   Den*til"o*quy  (?),  n. [L. dens, dentis, tooth + loqui to speak.] The
   habit or practice of speaking through the teeth, or with them closed.


   Den"ti*al (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to dentine.


   Den"tine  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  dentine.]  (Anat.)  The  dense calcified
   substance of which teeth are largely composed. It contains less animal
   matter  than  bone,  and  in  the teeth of man is situated beneath the


   Den"ti*phone  (?),  n.  [L.  dens,  dentis,  tooth + Gr. An instrument
   which,  placed against the teeth, conveys sound to the auditory nerve;
   an audiphone. Knight.


   Den`ti*ros"ter  (?),  n.;  pl.  Dentirostres  (#).  [NL., fr. L. dens,
   dentis,  tooth + rostrum bill, beak: cf. F. dentirostre.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   dentirostral bird.


   Den`ti*ros"tral  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Having a toothed bill; -- applied
   to  a  group  of passerine birds, having the bill notched, and feeding
   chiefly  on  insects, as the shrikes and vireos. See Illust. (N) under


   Den`ti*ros"trate (?), a. Dentirostral.


   Den"ti*scalp  (?),  n.  [L.  dens  tooth  +  scalpere  to  scrape.] An
   instrument for scraping the teeth.


   Den"tist  (?),  n.  [From L. dens, dentis, tooth: cf. F. dentiste. See
   Tooth.]  One whose business it is to clean, extract, or repair natural
   teeth, and to make and insert artificial ones; a dental surgeon.

                            Dentistic, Dentistical

   Den*tis"tic  (?), Den*tis"ti*cal (?), a. Pertaining to dentistry or to
   dentists. [R.]


   Den"tist*ry  (?),  n.  The  art  or  profession  of  a dentist; dental


   Den*ti"tion  (?), n. [L. dentitio, fr. dentire to cut teeth, fr. dens,
   dentis, tooth. See Dentist.]

   1. The development and cutting of teeth; teething.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The system of teeth peculiar to an animal.


   Den"tize  (?),  v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Dentized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Dentizing.] [L. dens, dentis, tooth.] To breed or cut new teeth. [R.]

     The old countess . . . did dentize twice or thrice. Bacon.


   Den"toid (?), a. [L. dens, dentis, tooth + -oid.] Shaped like a tooth;


   Den`to*lin"gual (?), a. Dentilingual.


   Den"ture  (?;  135),  n.  [L. dens, dentis, tooth: cf. F. denture, OF.
   denteure.] (Dentistry) An artificial tooth, block, or set of teeth.


   De*nud"ate  (?),  v. t. [L. denudatus, p. p. of denudare. See Denude.]
   To denude. [Obs. or R.]


   Den`u*da"tion (?; 277), n. [L. denudatio: cf. F. d\'82nudation.]

   1.  The  act  of  stripping  off  covering, or removing the surface; a
   making bare.

   2.  (Geol.)  The  laying  bare  of  rocks  by  the washing away of the
   overlying  earth,  etc.;  or the excavation and removal of them by the
   action of running water.


   De*nude"  (?), v. t. [L. denudare; de- + nudare to make naked or bare,
   nudus  naked.  See  Nude.]  To divest of all covering; to make bare or
   naked; to strip; to divest; as, to denude one of clothing, or lands.


   De*nun"ci*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  denuntiatus,  denunciatus,  p. p. of
   denuntiare, -ciare. See Denounce.] To denounce; to condemn publicly or
   solemnly. [R.]

     To denunciate this new work. Burke.


   De*nun`ci*a"tion (?), n. [L. denuntiatio, -ciatio.]

   1. Proclamation; announcement; a publishing. [Obs.]

     Public . . . denunciation of banns before marriage. Bp. Hall.

   2.  The  act  of  denouncing;  public menace or accusation; the act of
   inveighing against, stigmatizing, or publicly arraigning; arraignment.

   3.  That by which anything is denounced; threat of evil; public menace
   or accusation; arraignment.

     Uttering bold denunciations of ecclesiastical error. Motley.


   De*nun"ci*a*tive (?), a. [L. denuntiativus, -ciativus, monitory.] Same
   as Denunciatory. Farrar.


   De*nun"ci*a`tor  (?),  n. [L. denuntiator, -ciator, a police officer.]
   One  who  denounces,  publishes,  or proclaims, especially intended or
   coming evil; one who threatens or accuses.


   De*nun"ci*a*to*ry   (?),   a.   Characterized   by   or  containing  a
   denunciation;   minatory;   accusing;   threatening;  as,  severe  and
   denunciatory language.


   De`nu*tri"tion  (?),  n.  (Physiol.)  The opposition of nutrition; the
   failure of nutrition causing the breaking down of tissue.


   De*ny"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Denied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Denying.]
   [OE.  denien,  denaien,  OF.  denier,  deneer,  F.  d\'82nier,  fr. L.
   denegare; de- + negare to say no, deny. See Negation.]

   1. To declare not to be true; to gainsay; to contradict; -- opposed to
   affirm, allow, or admit.

     NOTE: &hand; We  deny what another says, or we deny the truth of an
     assertion, the force of it, or the assertion itself.

   2.  To  refuse (to do something or to accept something); to reject; to
   decline; to renounce. [Obs.] "If you deny to dance." Shak.

   3.  To refuse to grant; to withhold; to refuse to gratify or yield to;
   as, to deny a request.

     Who finds not Providence all good and wise, Alike in what it gives,
     and what denies? Pope.

     To  some  men,  it is more agreeable to deny a vicious inclination,
     than to gratify it. J. Edwards.

   4.  To  disclaim connection with, responsibility for, and the like; to
   refuse to acknowledge; to disown; to abjure; to disavow.

     The falsehood of denying his opinion. Bancroft.

     Thou thrice denied, yet thrice beloved. Keble.

   To  deny  one's  self,  to  decline  the gratification of appetites or
   desires; to practice self-denial.

     Let him deny himself, and take up his cross. Matt. xvi. 24.


   De*ny", v. i. To answer in

     Then  Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid. Gen.
     xviii. 15.


   De*ny"ing*ly, adv. In the manner of one denies a request. Tennyson.


   De`ob*struct"  (?), v. t. To remove obstructions or impediments in; to
   clear  from  anything  that  hinders  the  passage  of  fluids; as, to
   deobstruct the pores or lacteals. Arbuthnot.


   De*ob"stru*ent  (?),  a. (Med.) Removing obstructions; having power to
   clear  or  open  the natural ducts of the fluids and secretions of the
   body; aperient. -- n. (Med.) A medicine which removes obstructions; an


   De"o*dand`  (?),  n.  [LL. deodandum, fr. L. Deo dandum to be given to
   God.]  (Old Eng. Law) A personal chattel which had caused the death of
   a  person, and for that reason was given to God, that is, forfeited to
   the crown, to be applied to pious uses, and distributed in alms by the
   high  almoner.  Thus,  if a cart ran over a man and killed him, it was
   forfeited as a deodand.

     NOTE: &hand; Deodands are unknown in American law, and in 1846 were
     abolished in England.


   De`o*dar"  (?),  n.  [Native  name,  fr.  Skr. d, prop., timber of the
   gods.]  (Bot.)  A  kind  of  cedar (Cedrus Deodara), growing in India,
   highly  valued  for its size and beauty as well as for its timber, and
   also grown in England as an ornamental tree.


   De"o*date`  (?),  n. [L. Deo to God (Deus God) + datum thing given.] A
   gift or offering to God. [Obs.]

     Wherein that blessed widow's deodate was laid up. Hooker.


   De*o"dor*ant (?), n. A deodorizer.


   De*o`dor*i*za"tion (?), n. The act of depriving of odor, especially of
   offensive odors resulting from impurities.


   De*o"dor*ize  (?),  v.  t.  To  deprive of odor, especially of such as
   results from impurities.


   De*o"dor*i`zer  (?),  n.  He  who, or that which, deodorizes; esp., an
   agent that destroys offensive odors.


   De*on"er*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  deoneratus,  p.  p. of deonerare. See
   Onerate.] To unload; to disburden. [Obs.] Cockeram.


   De*on`to*log"ic*al (?), a. Pertaining to deontology.


   De`on*tol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in deontology.


   De`on*tol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. -logy.] The science relat J. Bentham.


   De`o*per"cu*late (?), a. (Bot.) Having the lid removed; -- said of the
   capsules of mosses.


   De*op"pi*late (?), v. t. To free from obstructions; to clear a passage
   through. [Obs.] Boyle.


   De*op`pi*la"tion  (?),  n.  Removal of whatever stops up the passages.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

   Page 392


   De*op"pi*la*tive  (?),  a.  &  n. (Med.) Deobstruent; aperient. [Obs.]


   De*or`di*na"tion   (?),   n.   [LL.  deordinatio  depraved  morality.]
   Disorder; dissoluteness. [Obs.]

     Excess of rideordination. Jer. Taylor.


   De*os"cu*late  (?),  v.  t.  [L. deosculatus, p. p. of deosculari. See
   Osculate.] To kiss warmly. [Obs.] -- De*os`cu*la"tion (#), n. [Obs.]


   De*ox"i*date (?), v. t. (Chem.) To deoxidize.


   De*ox`i*da"tion  (?),  n.  (Chem.) The act or process of reducing from
   the state of an oxide.


   De*ox`i*di*za"tion (?), n. (Chem.) Deoxidation.


   De*ox"i*dize  (?),  v. t. (Chem.) To deprive of oxygen; to reduce from
   the state of an oxide.


   De*ox"i*di`zer  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  That which removes oxygen; hence, a
   reducing agent; as, nascent hydrogen is a deoxidizer.


   De*ox"y*gen*ate (?), v. t. (Chem.) To deoxidize. [Obs.]


   De*ox`y*gen*a"tion  (?),  n. (Chem.) The act or operation of depriving
   of oxygen.


   De*ox"y*gen*ize (?), v. t. (Chem.) To deoxidize.


   De*paint"  (?),  p. p. [F. d\'82peint, p. p. of d\'82peindre to paint,
   fr. L. depingere. See Depict, p. p.] Painted. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   De*paint", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Depainted; p. pr. & vb. n. Depainting.]

   1. To paint; to picture; hence, to describe; to delineate in words; to
   depict. [Obs.]

     And  do unwilling worship to the saint That on his shield depainted
     he did see. Spenser.

     In  few  words shall see the nature of many memorable persons . . .
     depainted. Holland.

   2. To mark with, or as with, color; to color.

     Silver drops her vermeil cheeks depaint. Fairfax.


   De*paint"er (?) n. One who depaints. [Obs.]


   De*par"dieux`  (?),  interj. [OF., a corruption of de part Dieu, lit.,
   on the part of God.] In God's name; certainly. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   De*part"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Departed;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Departing.]  [OE.  departen to divide, part, depart, F. d\'82partir to
   divide,  distribute,  se  d\'82partir  to separate one's self, depart;
   pref.  d\'82-  (L.  de)  +  partir  to  part,  depart, fr. L. partire,
   partiri, to divide, fr. pars part. See Part.]

   1. To part; to divide; to separate. [Obs.] Shak.

   2.  To  go forth or away; to quit, leave, or separate, as from a place
   or  a  person;  to  withdraw; -- opposed to arrive; -- often with from
   before  the  place,  person,  or  thing left, and for or to before the

     I will depart to mine own land. Num. x. 30.

     Ere thou from hence depart. Milton.

     He which hath no stomach to this fight, Let him depart. Shak.

   3.  To forsake; to abandon; to desist or deviate (from); not to adhere
   to; -- with from; as, we can not depart from our rules; to depart from
   a title or defense in legal pleading.

     If  the  plan  of the convention be found to depart from republican
     principles. Madison.

   4. To pass away; to perish.

     The glory is departed from Israel. 1 Sam. iv. 21.

   5. To quit this world; to die.

     Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace. Luke ii. 29.

   To depart with, to resign; to part with. [Obs.] Shak.


   De*part", v. t.

   1. To part thoroughly; to dispart; to divide; to separate. [Obs.]

     Till death departed them, this life they lead. Chaucer.

   2. To divide in order to share; to apportion. [Obs.]

     And  here is gold, and that full great plentee, That shall departed
     been among us three. Chaucer.

   3.  To leave; to depart from. "He departed this life." Addison. "Ere I
   depart his house." Shak.


   De*part", n. [Cf. F. d\'82part, fr. d\'82partir.]

   1.   Division;  separation,  as  of  compound  substances  into  their
   ingredients. [Obs.]

     The chymists have a liquor called water of depart. Bacon.

   2. A going away; departure; hence, death. [Obs.]

     At my depart for France. Shak.

     Your loss and his depart. Shak.


   De*part"a*ble (?), a. Divisible. [Obs.] Bacon.


   De*part"er (?), n.

   1. One who refines metals by separation. [Obs.]

   2. One who departs.


   De*part"ment  (?), n. [F. d\'82partement, fr. d\'82partir. See Depart,
   v. i.]

   1. Act of departing; departure. [Obs.]

     Sudden departments from one extreme to another. Wotton.

   2. A part, portion, or subdivision.

   3.  A  distinct  course of life, action, study, or the like; appointed
   sphere or walk; province.

     Superior  to  Pope in Pope's own peculiar department of literature.

   4.  Subdivision  of  business or official duty; especially, one of the
   principal   divisions   of  executive  government;  as,  the  treasury
   department;  the  war  department;  also,  in a university, one of the
   divisions  of instructions; as, the medical department; the department
   of physics.

   5.  A  territorial  division;  a district; esp., in France, one of the
   districts  composed  of several arrondissements into which the country
   is divided for governmental purposes; as, the Department of the Loire.

   6.  A  military  subdivision  of  a country; as, the Department of the


   De`part*men"tal (?), a. Pertaining to a department or division. Burke.


   De*par"ture (?; 135), n. [From Depart.]

   1. Division; separation; putting away. [Obs.]

     No other remedy . . . but absolute departure. Milton.

   2. Separation or removal from a place; the act or process of departing
   or going away.

     Departure from this happy place. Milton.

   3. Removal from the present life; death; decease.

     The time of my departure is at hand. 2 Tim. iv. 6.

     His  timely  departure  .  . . barred him from the knowledge of his
     son's miseries. Sir P. Sidney.

   4. Deviation or abandonment, as from or of a rule or course of action,
   a plan, or a purpose.

     Any departure from a national standard. Prescott.

   5.  (Law) The desertion by a party to any pleading of the ground taken
   by  him  in his last antecedent pleading, and the adoption of another.

   6. (Nav. & Surv.) The distance due east or west which a person or ship
   passes over in going along an oblique line.

     NOTE: &hand; Si nce th e meridians sensibly converge, the departure
     in  navigation  is not measured from the beginning nor from the end
     of  the  ship's  course,  but  is  regarded as the total easting or
     westing made by the ship or person as he travels over the course.

   To  take  a  departure (Nav. & Surv.), to ascertain, usually by taking
   bearings from a landmark, the position of a vessel at the beginning of
   a  voyage  as  a point from which to begin her dead reckoning; as, the
   ship  took  her  departure  from  Sandy  Hook.  Syn. -- Death; demise;
   release. See Death.
   De*pas"cent  (?), a. [L. depascens, p. pr. of depascere; de- + pascere
   to feed.] Feeding. [R.] 


   De*pas"ture  (?; 135), v. t. & i. To pasture; to feed; to graze; also,
   to use for pasture. [R.]

     Cattle, to graze and departure in his grounds. Blackstone.

     A right to cut wood upon or departure land. Washburn.


   De*pa"tri*ate  (?),  v.  t.  &  i. [L. de- + patria one's country.] To
   withdraw, or cause to withdraw, from one's country; to banish. [Obs.]

     A subject born in any state May, if he please, depatriate. Mason.


   De*pau"per*ate  (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Depauperated (?); p. pr.
   &  vb.  n. Depauperating (?).] [LL. depauperatus, p. p. depauperare to
   impoverish;  L.  de-  +  pauperare to make poor, pauper poor.] To make
   poor; to impoverish.

     Liming  does  not  depauperate; the ground will last long, and bear
     large grain. Mortimer.

     Humility of mind which depauperates the spirit. Jer. Taylor.


   De*pau"per*ate  (?),  a. [L. depauperatus, p. p.] (Bot.) Falling short
   of the natural size, from being impoverished or starved. Gray.


   De*pau"per*ize  (?),  v.  t.  To  free  from  paupers;  to rescue from
   poverty. [R.]


   De*peach"  (?), v. t. [L. d\'82p\'88cher. See Dispatch.] To discharge.

     As  soon as the party . . . before our justices shall be depeached.


   De*pec"ti*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  depectere  to comb off; de- + pectere to
   comb.] Tough; thick; capable of extension. [Obs.]

     Some bodies are of a more depectible nature than oil. Bacon.


   De*pec`u*la"tion  (?),  n.  [L. depeculari, p. p. depeculatus, to rob.
   See Peculate.] A robbing or embezzlement. [Obs.]

     Depeculation of the public treasure. Hobbes.


   De*peinct" (?), v. t. [See Depaint.] To paint. [Obs.] Spenser.


   De*pend"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Depended;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Depending.]  [F.  d\'82pendre,  fr. L. depend; de- + pend to hang. See

   1.  To  hang  down;  to  be sustained by being fastened or attached to
   something above.

     And ever-living lamps depend in rows. Pope.

   2.  To  hang  in  suspense;  to  be  pending;  to  be  undetermined or
   undecided; as, a cause depending in court.

     You  will  not  think  it  unnatural  that those who have an object
     depending,  which strongly engages their hopes and fears, should be
     somewhat inclined to superstition. Burke.

   3.  To  rely  for  support;  to  be  conditioned  or contingent; to be
   connected  with  anything,  as a cause of existence, or as a necessary
   condition; -- followed by on or upon, formerly by of.

     The  truth  of  God's  word  dependeth  not  of  the  truth  of the
     congregation. Tyndale.

     The conclusion . . . that our happiness depends little on political
     institutions,  and  much  on  the  temper and regulation of our own
     minds. Macaulay.

     Heaven forming each on other to depend. Pope.

   4.  To  trust;  to  rest  with  confidence; to rely; to confide; to be
   certain; -- with on or upon; as, we depend on the word or assurance of
   our friends; we depend on the mail at the usual hour.

     But  if you 're rough, and use him like a dog, Depend upon it -- he
     'll remain incog. Addison.

   5.  To  serve;  to  attend;  to act as a dependent or retainer. [Obs.]

   6. To impend. [Obs.] Shak.


   De*pend"a*ble  (?),  a.  Worthy  of  being  depended  on; trustworthy.
   "Dependable friendships." Pope.

                     Dependant, Dependance, n., Dependancy

   De*pend"ant  (?),  De*pend"ance  (?),  n.,  De*pend"an*cy  (?), n. See
   Dependent, Dependence, Dependency.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e fo rms dependant, dependance, dependancy are from
     the  French;  the  forms  dependent, etc., are from the Latin. Some
     authorities  give preference to the form dependant when the word is
     a  noun, thus distinguishing it from the adjective, usually written


   De*pend"ence   (?),   n.  [LL.  dependentia,  fr.  L.  dependens.  See
   Dependent, and cf. Dependance.]

   1.  The act or state of depending; state of being dependent; a hanging
   down or from; suspension from a support.

   2.  The  state  of  being  influenced  and  determined  by  something;
   subjection (as of an effect to its cause).

     The cause of effects, and the dependence of one thing upon another.
     Bp. Burnet.

   3. Mutu

     So dark adependence or order. Sir T. More.

   4.  Subjection  to  the direction or disposal of another; inability to
   help or provide for one's self.

     Reduced to a servile dependence on their mercy. Burke.

   5. A resting with confidence; reliance; trust.

     Affectionate dependence on the Creator is the spiritual life of the
     soul. T. Erskine.

   6.  That  on  which  one  depends  or  relies;  as,  he  was  her sole

   7.  That  which  depends;  anything  dependent  or suspended; anything
   attached a subordinate to, or contingent on, something else.

     Like  a  large  cluster  of black grapes they show And make a large
     dependence from the bough. Dryden.

   8.  A  matter  depending,  or in suspense, and still to be determined;
   ground of controversy or quarrel. [Obs.]

     To go on now with my first dependence. Beau. & Fl.


   De*pend"en*cy (?), n.; pl. Dependencies (.

   1.  State  of being dependent; dependence; state of being subordinate;
   subordination; concatenation; connection; reliance; trust.

     Any  long  series  of  action,  the  parts  of which have very much
     dependency each on the other. Sir J. Reynolds.

   <-- #sic. "action" is the singular. Why? -->

     So  that  they  may  acknowledge  their  dependency on the crown of
     England. Bacon.

   2. A thing hanging down; a dependence.

   3.  That  which  is  attached  to  something  else as its consequence,
   subordinate, satellite, and the like.

     This earth and its dependencies. T. Burnet.

     Modes  I  call  such  complex  ideas  which . . . are considered as
     dependencies on or affections of substances. Locke.

   4.  A  territory remote from the kingdom or state to which it belongs,
   but  subject  to  its  dominion;  a  colony; as, Great Britain has its
   dependencies in Asia, Africa, and America.

     NOTE: &hand; De  pendence is   mo re us ed in  th e ab stract, an d
     dependency  in  the  concrete.  The latter is usually restricted in
     meaning to 3 and 4.


   De*pend"ent  (?),  a.  [L.  dependens,  -entis,  p. pr. dependere. See
   Depend, and cf. Dependant.]

   1. Hanging down; as, a dependent bough or leaf.

   2.  Relying on, or subject to, something else for support; not able to
   exist,  or  sustain  itself, or to perform anything, without the will,
   power,  or  aid  of something else; not self-sustaining; contingent or
   conditioned;  subordinate;  -- often with on or upon; as, dependent on
   God; dependent upon friends.

     England,  long  dependent  and  degraded,  was again a power of the
     first rank. Macaulay.

   Dependent  covenant  or  contract  (Law),  one  not binding until some
   connecting  stipulation is performed. -- Dependent variable (Math.), a
   varying  quantity  whose  changes  are  arbitrary, but are regarded as
   produced   by  changes  in  another  variable,  which  is  called  the
   independent variable.
   De*pend"ent, n. 

   1.  One who depends; one who is sustained by another, or who relies on
   another  for support of favor; a hanger-on; a retainer; as, a numerous
   train of dependents.

     A  host  of dependents on the court, suborned to play their part as
     witnesses. Hallam.

   2. That which depends; corollary; consequence.

     With all its circumstances and dependents. Prynne.

     NOTE: &hand; See the Note under Dependant.


   De*pend"ent*ly, adv. In a dependent manner.


   De*pend"er (?), n. One who depends; a dependent.


   De*pend"ing*ly, adv. As having dependence. Hale.


   De*peo"ple (?), v. t. To depopulate. [Obs.]


   De*per"dit  (?),  n.  [LL.  deperditum,  fr.  L.  deperditus, p. p. of
   deperdere;  de-  +  perdere  to  lose, destroy.] That which is lost or
   destroyed. [R.] Paley.


   De*per"dite*ly  (?),  adv.  Hopelessly; despairingly; in the manner of
   one ruined; as, deperditely wicked. [Archaic]


   Dep`er*di"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. d\'82perdition.] Loss; destruction.
   [Archaic] Sir T. Browne.


   De*per"ti*ble (?), a. [See Depart.] Divisible. [Obs.] Bacon.


   De*phlegm" (?), v. t. [Pref. de- + phlegm water; cf. F. d\'82phlegmer,
   d\'82flegmer.]  (O.  Chem.) To rid of phlegm or water; to dephlegmate.
   [Obs.] Boyle.


   De*phleg"mate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dephlegmated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Dephlegmating.]  [See  Dephlegm.]  (Chem.) To deprive of superabundant
   water,  as by evaporation or distillation; to clear of aqueous matter;
   to rectify; -- used of spirits and acids.


   De`phleg*ma"tion   (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82flegmation.]  (Chem.)  The
   operation  of  separating water from spirits and acids, by evaporation
   or  repeated  distillation;  --  called also concentration, especially
   when acids are the subject of it. [Obs.]


   De*phleg"ma*tor  (?),  n. An instrument or apparatus in which water is
   separated  by  evaporation  or  distillation; the part of a distilling
   apparatus in which the separation of the vapors is effected.


   De*phleg"ma*to*ry (?), a. Pertaining to, or producing, dephlegmation.


   De*phlegm"ed*ness  (?),  n.  A state of being freed from water. [Obs.]


   De`phlo*gis"tic*cate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dephlogisticated (?); p.
   pr.  &  vb.  n.  Dephlogisticating.]  [Pref. de- + phlosticate: cf. F.
   d\'82phlogistiguer.]  (O.  Chem.)  To  deprive  of  phlogiston, or the
   supposed principle of inflammability. Priestley. Dephlogisticated air,
   oxygen  gas;  --  so called by Dr. Priestly and others of his time. --
   De`phlo*gis`ti*ca"tion (#), n.


   De*phos`phor*i*za"tion (?), n. The act of freeing from phosphorous.


   De*pict"  (?), p. p. [L. depictus, p. p. of depingere to depict; de- +
   pingere  to  paint.  See  Paint,  and  cf.  Depaint,  p. p.] Depicted.

   Page 393


   De*pict"  (?),  p. p. [L. depictus, p. p. of depinger to depict; de- +
   pingere  to  paint.  See  Paint,  and  cf.  Depaint,  p. p.] Depicted.


   De*pict"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Depicted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.

   1. To form a colored likeness of; to represent by a picture; to paint;
   to portray.

     His arms are fairly depicted in his chamber. Fuller.

   2. To represent in words; to describe vividly.

     C\'91sar's gout was then depicted in energetic language. Motley.


   De*pic"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  depictio.]  A  painting  or  depicting;  a


   De*pic"ture  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Depictured (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Depicturing.] To make a picture of; to paint; to picture; to depict.

     Several persons were depictured in caricature. Fielding.


   Dep"i*late  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Depilated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Depilating.]  [L.  depilatus,  p.  p.  of  depilare to depilate; de- +
   pilare  to  put  forth  hairs, pilus hair.] To strip of hair; to husk.


   Dep`i*la"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. d\'82pilation.] Act of pulling out or
   removing the hair; unhairing. Dryden.


   De*pil"a*to*ry  (?), a. [Cf. F. d\'82pilatoire.] Having the quality or
   power of removing hair. -- n. An application used to take off hair.


   Dep"i*lous (?), a. [Pref. de- + pilous: cf. L. depilis.] Hairless. Sir
   t. Browne.


   De*pla"nate  (?), a. [L. deplanetus, p. p. of deplanare to make level.
   See Plane, v. t.] (Bot.) Flattened; made level or even.


   De*plant"  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  de-  +  plan: cf. F. d\'82planter, L.
   deplantare  to take off a twig. See Plant, v. t.] To take up (plants);
   to transplant. [R.]


   De`plan*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. d\'82plantation.] Act of taking up
   plants from beds.


   De*plete"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Depleted;  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Depleting.]  [From  L.  deplere  to  empty  out;  de- + plere to fill.
   Forined like replete, complete. See Fill, Full, a.]

   1.  (Med.)  To  empty  or  unload,  as the vessels of human system, by
   bloodletting or by medicine. Copland.

   2.  To  reduce  by  destroying  or  consuming  the vital powers of; to
   exhaust,  as  a  country  of  its strength or resources, a treasury of
   money, etc. Saturday Review.


   De*ple"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82pl\'82tion.]

   1. The act of depleting or emptying.

   2.  (Med.)  the act or process of diminishing the quantity of fluid in
   the  vessels  by bloodletting or otherwise; also excessive evacuation,
   as in severe diarrhea.


   De*ple"tive  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82pl\'82tif.]  Able  or  fitted to
   deplete. -- n. A substance used to deplete.


   De*ple"to*ry (?), a. Serving to deplete.


   Dep`li*ca"tion  (?),  n. [LL. deplicare to unfold; L. de- + plicare to
   fold.] An unfolding, untwisting, or unplaiting. [Obs.] W. Montagu.


   Dep`loi*ta"tion   (?),   n.   [Cf.   Exploitation,  Deploy.]  Same  as


   De*plor`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. Deplorableness. Stormonth.


   De*plor"a*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. d\'82plorable.] Worthy of being deplored
   or  lamented;  lamentable;  causing  grief;  hence,  sad;  calamitous;
   grievous; wretched; as, life's evils are deplorable.

     Individual  sufferers are in a much more deplorable conditious than
     any others. Burke.


   De*plor"a*ble*ness, n. State of being deplorable.


   De*plor"a*bly, adv. In a deplorable manner.


   De*plo"rate  (?), a. [L. deploratus, p. p. of deplorare. See Deplore.]
   Deplorable. [Obs.]

     A more deplorate estate. Baker.


   Dep`lo*ra"tion (?), n. [L. deploratio: cf. F. d\'82ploration.] The act
   of deploring or lamenting; lamentation. Speed.


   De*plore"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Deplored (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deploring.]  [L.  deplorare;  de-  + plorare to cry out, wail, lament;
   prob.  akin to pluere to rain, and to E. flow: cf. F. d\'82plorer. Cf.

   1.  To  feel  or to express deep and poignant grief for; to bewail; to
   lament; to mourn; to sorrow over.

     To find her, or forever to deplore Her loss. Milton.

     As some sad turtle his lost love deplores. Pope.

   2. To complain of. [Obs.] Shak.

   3.  To  regard  as  hopeless;  to  give  up.  [Obs.] Bacon. Syn. -- To
   Deplore,  Mourn,  Lament,  Bewail,  Bemoan. Mourn is the generic term,
   denoting a state of grief or sadness. To lament is to express grief by
   outcries,  and  denotes an earnest and strong expression of sorrow. To
   deplore  marks  a  deeper and more prolonged emotion. To bewail and to
   bemoan  are  appropriate  only to cases of poignant distress, in which
   the  grief  finds  utterance either in wailing or in moans and sobs. A
   man laments his errors, and deplores the ruin they have brought on his
   family; mothers bewail or bemoan the loss of their children.


   De*plore", v. i. To lament. Gray.


   De*plor"ed*ly (?), adv. Lamentably.


   De*plor"ed*ness,  n.  The  state of being deplored or deplorable. [R.]
   Bp. Hail.


   De*plore"ment (?), n. Deploration. [Obs.]


   De*plor"re (?), n. One who deplores.


   De*plor"ing*ly, adv. In a deploring manner.


   De*ploy"  (?),  v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Deployed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deploying.]  [F.  d\'82ployer; pref. d\'82 = d\'82s (L. dis) + ployer,
   equiv.  to  plier  to fold, fr. L. plicare. See Ply, and cf. Display.]
   (Mil.)  To  open  out;  to unfold; to spread out (a body of troops) in
   such  a  way  that they shall display a wider front and less depth; --
   the  reverse  of  ploy;  as, to deploy a column of troops into line of

                              Deploy, Deployment

   De*ploy"  (?),  De*ploy"ment  (?),  n.  (Mil.) The act of deploying; a
   spreading  out  of  a  body  of  men  in  order to extend their front.

     Deployments  .  . . which cause the soldier to turn his back to the
     enemy are not suited to war.H.L. Scott.


   De*plu"mate (?), a. [LL. diplumatus, p. p. of deplumare. See Deplume.]
   (Zo\'94l.) Destitute or deprived of features; deplumed.


   Dep`lu*ma"tion (?), n. [See Deplumate.]

   1.   The   stripping  or  falling  off  of  plumes  or  feathers.  Bp.

   2.  (Med.)  A  disease  of  the  eyelids,  attended  with  loss of the
   eyelashes. Thomas.


   De*plume"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Deplumed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Depluming.]  [LL.  deplumare; L. de- + plumare to cover with feathers,
   pluma feather: cf. deplumis featherless, and F. d\'82plumer.]

   1. To strip or pluck off the feather of; to deprive of of plumage.

     On  the  depluming  of  the  pope  every  bird had his own feather.

   2. To lay bare; to expose.

     The  exposure  and  depluming of the leading humbugs of the age. De


   De*po`lar*i*za"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. d\'82polarisation.] The act of
   depriving  of  polarity, or the result of such action; reduction to an
   unpolarized condition. Depolarization of light (Opt.), a change in the
   plane  of  polarization  of  rays, especially by a crystalline medium,
   such  that  the  light  which  had  been  extinguished by the analyzer
   reappears  as  if  the  polarization  had  been  anulled.  The word is
   inappropriate,   as  the  ray  does  not  return  to  the  unpolarized


   De*po"lar*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Depolarized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Depolarizing.] [Pref. de- + polarize: cf. F. d\'82polarizer.]

   1.  (Opt.)  To  deprive  of  polarity;  to  reduce  to  an unpolarized

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd has been inaccurately applied in optics to
     describe the effect of a polarizing medium, as a crystalline plate,
     in causing the reappearance of a ray, in consequence of a change in
     its  plane  of  polarization,  which  previously  to the change was
     intercepted by the analyzer.

   2.  (Elec.)  To  free  from polarization, as the negative plate of the
   voltaic battery.


   De*po"lar*i`zer   (?),   n.   (Elec.)  A  substance  used  to  prevent
   polarization, as upon the negative plate of a voltaic battery.


   De*pol"ish (?), v. t. To remove the polish or glaze from.


   De*pol"ish*ing (?), n. (Ceramics) The process of removing the vitreous
   glaze  from porcelain, leaving the dull luster of the surface of ivory
   porcelian. Knight.


   De*pone"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Deponed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deponing.]  [L.  deponere,  depositum,  to put down, in LL., to assert
   under  oath;  de-  +  ponere  to  put,  place.  See  Position, and cf.

   1. To lay, as a stake; to wager. [Obs.] Hudibras.

   2. To lay down. [R.] Southey.

   3. To assert under oath; to depose. [A Scotticism]

     Sprot  deponeth  that  he entered himself thereafter in conference.
     State Trials(1606).


   De*pone",  v. i. To testify under oath; to depose; to bear witness. [A

     The  fairy  Glorians,  whose  credibility  on this point can not be
     called in question, depones to the confinement of Merlin in a tree.


   De*po"nent  (?), n. [L. deponenes, -entis, laying down. See Depone, v.

   1.  (Law)  One  who  deposes  or  testifies  under oath; one who gives
   evidence; usually, one who testifies in writing.

   2.  (Gr.  &  Lat.  Gram.)  A deponent verb. Syn. -- Deponent, Affiant.
   These  are  legal  terms  describing  a  person  who  makes  a written
   declaration  under  oath,  with  a view to establish certain facts. An
   affiant  is  one who makes an affidavit, or declaration under oath, in
   order  to  establish the truth of what he says. A deponenet is one who
   makes  a deposition, or gives written testimony under oath, to be used
   in  the  trial  of  some  case  before  a  court of justice. See under


   De*po"nent,  a.  [L. deponens, -entis, laying down (its proper passive
   meaning), p. pr. of deponere: cf. F. d\'82ponent. See Depone.] (Gram.)
   Having  a  passive  form  with an active meaning, as certain latin and
   Greek verbs.


   De*pop"u*la*cy  (?),  n. Depopulation; destruction of population. [R.]


   De*pop"u*late  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Depopulated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Depopulating (?).] [L. depopulatus, p. p. of depopulari to ravage;
   de-  +  populari  to ravage, fr. populus people: cf. OF. depopuler, F.
   d\'82peupler. See People.] To deprive of inhabitants, whether by death
   or  by expulsion; to reduce greatly the populousness of; to dispeople;
   to unpeople.

     Where is this viper, That would depopulate the city? Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is not synonymous with laying waste or destroying,
     being  limited  to the loss of inhabitants; as, an army or a famine
     may  depopulate  a  country.  It rarely expresses an entire loss of
     inhabitants, but often a great diminution of their numbers; as, the
     deluge depopulated the earth.


   De*pop"u*late, v. i. To become dispeopled. [R.]

     Whether the country be depopulating or not. Goldsmith.


   De*pop`u*la"tion   (?),   n.   [L.   depopulatio   pillaging:  cf.  F.
   d\'82population  depopulation.]  The act of depopulating, or condition
   of being depopulated; destruction or explusion of inhabitants.

     The  desolation and depopulation [of St.Quentin] were now complete.


   De*pop"u*la`tor  (?),  n.  [L.,  pillager.]  One  who  depopulates;  a


   De*port"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Deported;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Deporting.]  [F.  d\'82porter  to  transport for life, OF., to divert,
   amuse,  from  L.  deportare to carry away; de- + portare to carry. See
   Port demeanor.]

   1. To transport; to carry away; to exile; to send into banishment.

     He told us he had been deported to Spain. Walsh.

   2.  To  carry  or  demean;  to  conduct; to behave; -- followed by the
   reflexive pronoun.

     Let  an ambassador deport himself in the most graceful manner befor
     a prince. Pope.


   De*port"  (?),  n.  Behavior;  carrige;  demeanor;  deportment. [Obs.]
   "Goddesslike deport." Milton.


   De`por*ta"tion  (?),  n. [L. depotatio: cf.F. d\'82portation.] The act
   of  deporting  or exiling, or the state of being deported; banishment;

     In   their   deportations,  they  had  often  the  favor  of  their
     conquerors. Atterbury.


   De*port"ment (?), n. [F. d\'82portement misconduct, OF., demeanor. See
   Deport.]  Manner  of  deporting  or  demeaning  one's  self; manner of
   acting; conduct; carrige; especially, manner of acting with respect to
   the courtesies and duties of life; behavior; demeanor; bearing.

     The  gravity  of  his  deportment  carried  him  safe  through many
     difficulties. Swift.


   De*por"ture (?), n. Deportment. [Obs.]

     Stately port and majestical deporture. Speed.


   De*pos"a*ble  (?),  a. Capable of being deposed or deprived of office.


   De*pos"al  (?), n. The act of deposing from office; a removal from the
   throne. Fox.


   De*pose"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Deposed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deposing.][FF.  d\'82poser,  in  the sense of L. deponere to put down;
   but from pref. d\'82- (L. de) + poser to place. See Pose, Pause.]

   1. To lay down; to divest one's self of; to lay aside. [Obs.]

     Thus  when the state one Edward did depose, A greater Edward in his
     room arose. Dryden.

   2. To let fall; to deposit. [Obs.]

     Additional mud deposed upon it. Woodward.

   3.  To  remove  from  a  throne or other high station; to dethrone; to
   divest or deprive of office.

     A  tyrant  over  his  subjects, and therefore worthy to be deposed.

   4. To testify under oath; to bear testimony to; -- now usually said of
   bearing  testimony  which  is  officially written down for future use.

     To depose the yearly rent or valuation of lands. Bacon.

   5. To put under oath. [Obs.]

     Depose him in the justice of his cause. Shak.


   De*pose",  v.  i.  To  bear  witness;  to  testify under oath; to make

     Then, seeing't was he that made you to despose, Your oath, my lord,
     is vain and frivolous. Shak.


   De*pos"er (?), n.

   1. One who deposes or degrades from office.

   2. One who testifies or deposes; a deponent.


   De*pos"it  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Depoited;  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Depositing.]  [L.  depositus,  p.  p. of deponere. See Depone, and cf.
   Deposit, n.]

   1.  To  lay  down;  to  place;  to  put; to let fall or throw down (as
   sediment);  as,  a crocodile deposits her eggs in the sand; the waters
   deposited a rich alluvium.

     The fear is deposited in conscience. Jer. Taylor.

   2.  To  lay  up  or  away for safekeeping; to put up; to store; as, to
   deposit goods in a warehouse.

   3.  To  lodge  in  some one's hands for sale keeping; to commit to the
   custody  of another; to intrust; esp., to place in a bank, as a sum of
   money subject to order.

   4. To lay aside; to rid one's self of. [Obs.]

     If  what  is  written  prove  useful to you, to the depositing that
     which i can not deem an error. Hammond.

     NOTE: &hand; Bo  th th is ve rb an d th e no un fo llowing wr itten


   De*pos"it,  n. [L. depositum, fr. depositus, p. p. of deponere: cf. F.
   d\'82p\'93t, OF. depost. See Deposit, v. t., and cf. Depot.]

   1. That is deposited, or laid or thrown down; as, a deposit in a flue;
   especially,  matter  precipitated  from  a  solution (as the siliceous
   deposits  of hot springs), or that which is mechanically deposited (as
   the mud, gravel, etc., deposits of a river).

     The  deposit  already formed affording to the succeeding portion of
     the charged fluid a basis. Kirwan.

   2.  (Mining)  A  natural  occurrence  of  a  useful  mineral under the
   conditions to invite exploitation. Raymond.

   3.  That  which  is  placed  anywhere, or in any one's hands, for safe
   keeping; somthing intrusted to the care of another; esp., money lodged
   with  a  bank or banker, subject to order; anything given as pledge or

   4.  (Law) (a) A bailment of money or goods to be kept gratuitously for
   the  bailor.  (b) Money lodged with a party as earnest or security for
   the performance of a duty assumed by the person depositing.

   5. A place of deposit; a depository. [R.]
   Bank  of  deposit.  See  under  Bank. -- In deposit, or On deposit, in
   trust  or  safe  keeping  as  a  deposit;  as,  coins were recieved on


   De*pos"i*ta*ry  (?),  n.;  pl. Depositaries (#). [L. depositarius, fr.
   deponere. See Deposit.]

   1.  One  with whom anything is lodged in the trust; one who receives a
   deposit; -- the correlative of depositor.

     I . . . made you my guardians, my depositaries. Shak.

     The   depositaries   of  power,  who  are  mere  delegates  of  the
     people.J.S. Mill.

   2. A storehouse; a depository. Bp. Hurd.

   3.  (Law)  One  to  whom  goods  are bailed, to be kept for the bailor
   without a recompense. Kent.


   Dep`o*si"tion   (?),   n.   [L.   depositio,   fr.  deponere:  cf.  F.
   d\'82position. See Deposit.]

   1. The act of depositing or deposing; the act of laying down or thrown
   down; precipitation.

     The deposition of rough sand and rolled pebbles. H. Miller.

   2. The act of bringing before the mind; presentation.

     The  influence  of  princes  upon  the dispositions of their courts
     needs  not  the  deposition  of  their  examples, since it hath the
     authority of a known principle. W. Montagu.

   Page 394

   3.  The  act  of  setting  aside  a  sovereign  or  a  public officer;
   deprivation of authority and dignity; displacement; removal.

     NOTE: &hand; A deposition differs from an abdication, an abdication
     being voluntary, and a deposition compulsory.

   4.  That  which  is  deposited;  matter laid or thrown down; sediment;
   alluvial  matter;  as,  banks  are  sometimes  depositions of alluvial

   5.  An  opinion,  example,  or  statement,  laid  down  or asserted; a

   6.  (Law)  The  act  of  laying down one's testimony in writing; also,
   testimony  laid  or taken down in writting, under oath or affirmation,
   befor  some  competent  officer,  and  in reply to interrogatories and
   cross-interrogatories. Syn. -- Deposition, Affidavit. Affidavit is the
   wider  term. It denotes any authorized ex parte written statement of a
   person,  sworn  to or affirmed before some competent magistrate. It is
   made  without cross-examination, and requires no notice to an opposing
   party. It is generally signed by the party making it, and may be drawn
   up  by  himself  or  any  other  person.  A  deposition is the written
   testimony of a witness, taken down in due form of law, and sworn to or
   affirmed  by  the  deponent.  It  must be taken before some authorized
   magistrate, and upon a prescribed or reasonable notice to the opposing
   party, that may attend and cross-examine. It is generally written down
   from  the  mouth  of the witness by the magistrate, or some person for
   him, and in his presence.


   De*pos"i*tor  (?),  n. [L., fr. deponere. See Depone.] One who makes a
   deposit,   especially   of  money  in  bank;  --  the  correlative  of


   De*pos"i*to*ry (?), n.; pl. Depositories (.

   1.  A  place  where  anything  is  deposited  for sale or keeping; as,
   warehouse  is a depository for goods; a clerk's office is a depository
   for records.

   2. One with whom something is deposited; a depositary.

     I am the sole depository of my own secret, and it shall perish with
     me. Junius.


   De*po"i*tum (?), n. [L.] Deposit.


   De*po"i*ture  (?), n. The act of depositing; deposition. [Obs.] Sir T.


   De"pot  (?),  n.  [F.  d\'82p\'93t,  OF.  depost,  fr.  L. depositum a
   deposit. See Deposit, n.]

   1. A place of deposit storing of goods; a warehouse; a storehouse.

     The  islands of Guernsey and Jersey are at present the great depots
     of this kingdom. Brit Critic (1794).

   2. (Mil.) (a) A military station where stores and provisions are kept,
   or  where  recruits are assembled and drilled. (b) (Eng. & France) The
   headquarters  of  a  regiment,  where  all  supplies  are recieved and
   distributed, recruits are assembled and instructed, infirm or disabled
   soldiers  are  taken  care  of,  and all the wants of the regiment are
   provided for.

   3.  A railway station; a building for the accommodation and protection
   of railway passenges or freight. [U. S.] Syn. -- See Station.


   Dep"per (?), a. Deeper. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Dep`ra*va"tion   (?),  n.  [L.  depravitio,  from  depravare:  cf.  F.
   d\'82pravation. See Deprave.]

   1. Detraction; depreciation. [Obs.]

     To stubborn critics, apt, without a theme, For depravation. Shak.

   2.  The  act  of  depraving,  or  making  anything  bad;  the  act  of

   3. The state of being depraved or degenerated; degeneracy; depravity.

     The  depravation of his moral character destroyed his judgment. Sir
     G. C. Lewis.

   4. (Med.) Change for the worse; deterioration; morbid perversion. Syn.
   -- Depravity; corruption. See Depravity.


   De*prave"  (?),  n.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Depraved (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Depraving.]   [L.   depravare,   depravatum;  de-  +  pravus  crooked,
   distorted, perverse, wicked.]

   1. To speak ill of; to depreciate; to malign; to revile. [Obs.]

     And  thou  knowest, conscience, I came not to chide Nor deprave thy
     person with a proud heart. Piers Plowman.

   2. To make bad or worse; to vitiate; to corrupt.

     Whose pride depraves each other better part. Spenser.

   Syn. -- To corrupt; vitiate; contaminate; pollute.


   De*prav"ed*ly (?), adv. In a depraved manner.


   De*prav"ed*ness, n. Depravity. Hammond.


   De*prave"ment (?), n. Depravity. [Obs.] Milton.


   De*prav"er (?), n. One who deprave or corrupts.


   De*prav"ing*ly, adv. In a depraving manner.


   De*prav"i*ty  (?),  n.  [From  Deprave:  cf.  L. pravitas crookedness,
   perverseness.]  The  stae  of  being depraved or corrupted; a vitiated
   state  of moral character; general badness of character; wickedness of
   mind  or  heart;  absence  of  religious  feeling and principle. Total
   depravity.  See  Original  sin,  and  Calvinism.  Syn.  -- Corruption;
   vitiation;  wickedness; vice; contamination; degeneracy. -- Depravity,
   Depravation,  Corruption.  Depravilty  is  a vitiated state of mind or
   feeling;  as,  the  depravity  of the human heart; depravity of public
   morals.  Depravation  points to the act or process of making depraved,
   and  hence  to  the  end  thus  reached;  as, a gradual depravation of
   principle;  a depravation of manners, of the heart, etc. Corruption is
   the  only one of these words which applies to physical substances, and
   in  reference  to  these  denotes the process by which their component
   parts  are  dissolved.  Hence,  when  figuratively used, it denotes an
   utter vitiation of principle or feeling. Depravity applies only to the
   mind  and heart: we can speak of a depraved taste, or a corrupt taste;
   in the first we introduce the notion that there has been the influence
   of  bad  training  to  pervert; in the second, that there is a want of
   true principle to pervert; in the second, that there is a want of true
   principles  to  decide.  The  other two words have a wider use: we can
   speak  of  the  depravation  or  the  corruption  of  taste and public
   sentiment.  Depravity is more or less open; corruption is more or less
   disguised in its operations. What is depraved requires to be reformed;
   what is corrupt requires to be purified.


   Dep"re*ca*ble  (?),  a. [L. deprecabilis exorable.] That may or should
   be deprecated. Paley.


   Dep"re*cate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Deprecated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deprecating  (?).]  [L.  deprecatus,  p.  p.  of deprecari to avert by
   player,  to  deprecate;  de-  +  precari  to  pray. See Pray.] To pray
   against, as an evil; to seek to avert by player; to desire the removal
   of;  to  seek  deliverance  from;  to  express  deep  regret  for;  to
   disapprove of strongly.

     His  purpose  was  deprecated  by  all  round  him, and he was with
     difficulty induced to adandon it. Sir W. Scott.


   Dep"re*ca`ting (?), adv. In a deprecating manner.


   Dep`re*ca"tion (?), n. [L. deprecatio; cf. F. d\'82pr\'82cation.]

   1. The act of deprecating; a praying against evil; prayer that an evil
   may be removed or prevented; strong expression of disapprobation.

     Humble deprecation. Milton.

   2. Entreaty for pardon; petitioning.

   3. An imprecation or curse. [Obs.] Gilpin.


   Dep"re*ca*tive  (?),  a.  [L.  deprecativus: cf. F. d\'82pr\'82catif.]
   Serving to deprecate; deprecatory. -- Dep"re*ca*tive*ly, adv.


   Dep"re*ca`tor (?), n. [L.] One who deprecates.


   Dep"re*ca*to*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  deprecatorius.]  Serving to deprecate;
   tending to remove or avert evil by prayer; apologetic.

     Humble and deprecatory letters. Bacon.


   De*pre"ci*ate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Depreciated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.   Depreciating   (?).]  [L.  depretiatus,  depreciatus,  p.  p.  of
   depretiare,  -ciare,  to  depreciate;  de-  +  pretiare  to prize, fr.
   pretium  price.  See Price.] To lessen in price or estimated value; to
   lower  the  worth  of;  to  represent  as  of little value or claim to
   esteem; to undervalue. Addison.

     Which   .   .  .  some  over-severe  phoilosophers  may  look  upon
     fastidiously, or undervalue and depreciate. Cudworth.

     To prove that the Americans ought not to be free, we are obliged to
     depreciate the value of freedom itself. Burke.

   Syn.  --  To decry; disparage; traduce; lower; detract; underrate. See


   De*pre"ci*ate,  v.  i.  To  fall in value; to become of less worth; to
   sink in estimation; as, a paper currency will depreciate, unless it is
   convertible into specie.


   De*pre`ci*a"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82pr\'82ciation.]

   1.  The  act  of  lessening,  or  seeking  to lessen, price, value, or

   2. The falling of value; reduction of worth. Burke.

   3. the state of being depreciated.


   De*pre"ci*a`tive   (?),   a.  Tending,  or  intended,  to  depreciate;
   expressing depreciation; undervaluing. -- De*pre"ci*a`tive*ly, adv.


   De*pre"ci*a`tor (?), n. [L.] One who depreciates.


   De*pre"ci*a*to*ry   (?),   a.  Tending  to  depreciate;  undervaluing;


   Dep"re*da*ble  (?),  a.  Liable  to  depredation.  [Obs.]  "Made  less
   depredable." Bacon.


   Dep"re*date  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Depredated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Depredating (?).] [L. depraedatus, p. p. of depraedari to plunder; de-
   +  praedari to plunder, praeda plunder, prey. See Prey.] To subject to
   plunder and pillage; to despoil; to lay waste; to prey upon.

     It  makes  the  substance of the body . . . less apt to be consumed
     and depredated by the spirits. Bacon.


   Dep"re*date,  v.  i. To take plunder or prey; to commit waste; as, the
   troops depredated on the country.


   Dep`re*da"tion (?), n. [L. depraedatio: cf. F. d\'82pr\'82dation.] The
   act  of  depredating,  or  the  state  of being depredated; the act of
   despoiling  or  making inroads; as, the sea often makes depredation on
   the land.


   Dep"re*da`tor  (?), n. [L. depraedator.] One who plunders or pillages;
   a spoiler; a robber.


   Dep"re*da`to*ry   (?),   a.   Tending   or   designed   to  depredate;
   characterized by depredation; plundering; as, a depredatory incursion.


   De*pre"i*cate  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  de-  (intensive) + predicate.] To
   proclaim; to celebrate. [R.]


   Dep`re*hend"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Deprehended; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deprehending.]  [L. deprehendere, deprehensum; de- + prehendere to lay
   hold of, seize. See Prehensile.]

   1.  To take unwares or by surprise; to seize, as a person commiting an
   unlawful act; to catch; to apprehend.

     The deprehended adulteress.Jer. Taylor.

   2. To detect; to discover; to find out.

     The motion . . . are to be deprehended by experience. Bacon.


   Dep`re*hen"si*ble   (?),   a.   That  may  be  caught  or  discovered;
   apprehensible. [Obs.] Petty. -- Dep`re*hen"si*ble*ness, n. [Obs.]


   Dep`re*hen"sion  (?),  n.  [L.  deprehensio.]  A  catching; discovery.
   [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   De*press"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Depressed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Depressing.]  [L.  depressus,  p.  p.  of  deprimere; de- + premere to
   press. See Press.]

   1.  To  press  down;  to  cause to sink; to let fall; to lower; as, to
   depress  the  muzzle  of  a  gun;  to  depress  the  eyes.  "With lips
   depressed." Tennyson.

   2. To bring down or humble; to abase, as pride.

   3. To cast a gloom upon; to sadden; as, his spirits were depressed.

   4.  To  lessen  the  activity  of;  to make dull; embarrass, as trade,
   commerce, etc.

   5.  To  lessen  in price; to cause to decline in value; to cheapen; to

   6. (Math.) To reduce (an equation) in a lower degree.
   To  depress  the  pole  (Naut.),  to cause the sidereal pole to appear
   lower or nearer the horizon, as by sailing toward the equator. Syn. --
   To  sink;  lower; abase; cast down; deject; humble; degrade; dispirit;


   De*press",  a.  [L. depressus, p. p.] Having the middle lower than the
   border; concave. [Obs.]

     If the seal be depress or hollow. Hammond.


   De*press"ant  (?), n. (Med.) An agent or remedy which lowers the vital


   De*pressed" (?), a.

   1.  Pressed  or  forced  down; lowed; sunk; dejected; dispirited; sad;

   2.  (Bot.) (a) Concave on the upper side; -- said of a leaf whose disk
   is  lower  than  the border. (b) Lying flat; -- said of a stem or leaf
   which lies close to the ground.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) Having the vertical diameter shorter than the horizontal
   or  transverse;  --  said of the bodies of animals, or of parts of the


   De*press"ing*ly, adv. In a depressing manner.


   De*pres"sion (?), n. [L. depressio: cf. F. d\'82pression.]

   1. The act of depressing.

   2. The state of being depressed; a sinking.

   3.  A  falling  in  of  the surface; a sinking below its true place; a
   cavity  or  hollow; as, roughness consists in little protuberances and

   4. Humiliation; abasement, as of pride.

   5. Dejection; despondency; lowness.

     In a great depression of spirit. Baker.

   6. Diminution, as of trade, etc.; inactivity; dullness.

   7.  (Astron.)  The  angular  distance  of a celestial object below the

   8.  (Math.)  The  operation  of reducing to a lower degree; -- said of

   9. (Surg.) A method of operating for cataract; couching. See Couch, v.
   t., 8.
   Angle  of depression (Geod.), one which a descending line makes with a
   horizontal  plane. -- Depression of the dewpoint (Meteor.), the number
   of degreees that the dew-point is lower than the actual temperature of
   the  atmosphere.  --  Depression of the pole, its apparent sinking, as
   the  spectator  goes  toward the equator. -- Depression of the visible
   horizon.  (Astron.)  Same  as  Dip  of the horizon, under Dip. Syn. --
   Abasement;   reduction;   sinking;   fall;   humiliation;   dejection;
   De*press"ive  (?),  a.  Able  or  tending  to depress or cast down. --
   De*press"ive*ness, n. 


   De*pres`so*mo"tor   (?),  a.  (Med.)  Depressing  or  diminishing  the
   capacity for movement, as depressomotor nerves, which lower or inhibit
   muscular  activity. -- n. Any agent that depresses the activity of the
   motor centers, as bromides, etc.


   De*press"or (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, presses down; an oppressor.

   2. (Anat.) A muscle that depresses or tends to draw down a part.
   Depressor  nerve  (Physiol.),  a nerve which lowers the activity of an
   organ; as, the depressor nerve of the heart.
   Dep"ri*ment  (?), a. [L. deprimens, p. pr. of deprimere. See Depress.]
   Serving to depress. [R.] "Depriment muscles." Derham. 


   De*pri"sure  (?),  n.  [F. d\'82priser to undervalue; pref. d\'82- (L.
   dis-)  +  priser  to  prize,  fr.  prix  price,  fr.  L.  pretium. See
   Dispraise.] Low estimation; disesteem; contempt. [Obs.]


   De*priv"a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of being, or liable to be, deprived;
   liable to be deposed.

     Kings of Spain . . . deprivable for their tyrannies. Prynne.


   Dep`ri*va"tion (?), n. [LL. deprivatio.]

   1.  The  act  of  depriving,  dispossessing,  or bereaving; the act of
   deposing or divesting of some dignity.

   2. The state of being deprived; privation; loss; want; bereavement.

   3. (Eccl. Law) the taking away from a clergyman his benefice, or other
   spiritual promotion or dignity.

     NOTE: &hand; De privation ma y be  a  be neficio or ab officio; the
     first takes away the living, the last degrades and deposes from the


   De*prive"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Deprived (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Depriving.] [LL. deprivare, deprivatium, to divest of office; L. de- +
   privare to bereave, deprive: cf. OF. depriver. See Private.]

   1. To take away; to put an end; to destroy. [Obs.]

     'Tis honor to deprive dishonored life. Shak.

   2. To dispossess; to bereave; to divest; to hinder from possessing; to
   debar; to shut out from; -- with a remoter object, usually preceded by

     God hath deprived her of wisdom. Job xxxix. 17.

     It  was  seldom  that  anger  deprived  him  of power over himself.

   3.  To  divest  of  office;  to  depose;  to  dispossess  of  dignity,
   especially ecclesiastical.

     A miniser deprived for inconformity. Bacon.

   Syn. -- To strip; despoil; rob; abridge.


   De*prive"ment (?), n. Deprivation. [R.]


   De*priv"er (?), n. One who, or that which, deprives.


   De*pros"trate (?), a. Fully prostrate; humble; low; rude. [Obs.]

     How  may weak mortal ever hope to file His unsmooth tongue, and his
     deprostrate style. G. Fletcher.


   De`pro*vin"cial*ize  (?),  v.  t.  To  divest of provincial quality or


   Depth (?), n. [From Deep; akin to D. diepte, Icel. d, d, Goth. diupi.]

   1.  The  quality  of  being  deep; deepness; perpendicular measurement
   downward  from the surface,or horizontal measurement backward from the
   front; as, the depth of a river; the depth of a body of troops.

   2.   Profoundness;   extent   or   degree   of  intensity;  abundance;
   completeness; as, depth of knowledge, or color.

     Mindful  of  that  heavenly  love  Which  knows  no end in depth or
     height. Keble.

   3. Lowness; as, depth of sound.

   4.  That  which  is  deep;  a deep, or the deepest, part or place; the
   deep; the middle part; as, the depth of night, or of winter.

     From you unclouded depth above. Keble.

     The depth closed me round about. Jonah ii. 5.

   5.  (Logic) The number of simple elements which an abstract conception
   or notion includes; the comprehension or content.

   6. (Horology) A pair of toothed wheels which work together. [R.]

   Page 395

   Depth  of  a  sail  (Naut.), the extent of a square sail from the head
   rope  to the foot rope; the length of the after leach of a staysail or
   boom sail; -- commonly called the drop of sail.
   Depth"en (?), v. t. To deepen. [Obs.] 


   Depth"less, a.

   1. Having no depth; shallow.

   2. Of measureless depth; unfathomable.

     In clouds of depthless night. Francis.


   De*pu"ce*late  (?), v. t. [L. de + LL. pucella virgin, F. pucelle: cf.
   F. d\'82puceler.] To deflour; to deprive of virginity. [Obs.] Bailey.


   De*pu"di*cate  (?),  v.  t.  [L. depudicatus, p. p. of depudicare.] To
   deflour; to dishonor. [Obs.]


   De*pulse"  (?),  v.  t. [L. depulsus, p. p. of depellere to drive out;
   de- + pellere to drive.] To drive away. [Obs.] Cockeram.


   De*pul"sion  (?),  n. [L. depulsio.] A driving or thrusting away. [R.]


   De*pul"so*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  depulsorius.]  Driving or thrusting away;
   averting. [R.] Holland.


   Dep"u*rant (?), a. & n. (Med.) Depurative.


   Dep"u*rate (?), a. [LL. depuratus, p. p. of depurare to purify; L. de-
   +  purare  to  purify,  purus  clean,  pure.  Cf.  Depure.] Depurated;
   cleansed; freed from impurities. Boyle.


   Dep"u*rate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Depurated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Depurating  (?).]  To  free  from impurities, heterogeneous matter, or
   feculence; to purify; to cleanse.

     To depurate the mass of blood. Boyle.


   Dep`u*ra"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. d\'82puration.] The act or process of
   depurating  or  freeing  from foreign or impure matter, as a liquid or


   Dep"u*ra*tive  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82puratif.] (Med.) Purifying the
   blood  or  the humors; depuratory. -- n. A depurative remedy or agent;
   or a disease which is believed to be depurative.


   Dep"u*ra`tor (?), n. One who, or that which, cleanses.


   Dep"u*ra*to*ry (?), a. [Cf. F. d\'82puratoire.] Depurating; tending to
   depurate or cleanse; depurative.


   De*pure"  (?),  v.  t.  [F. d\'82purer. See Depurate.] To depurate; to
   purify. [Obs.]

     He shall first be depured and cleansed before that he shall be laid
     up for pure gold in the treasures of God. Sir T. More.


   De*pur"ga*to*ry  (?),  a.  Serving  to  purge;  tending  to cleanse or
   purify. [Obs.] Cotgrave.


   Dep`u*ri"tion (?), n. See Depuration.


   Dep"u*ta*ble  (?),  a. Fit to be deputed; suitable to act as a deputy.


   Dep`u*ta"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82putation. See Depute.]

   1.  The act of deputing, or of appointing or commissioning a deputy or
   representative; office of a deputy or delegate; vicegerency.

     The authority of conscience stands founded upon its vicegerency and
     deputation under God. South.

   2.  The  person  or persons deputed or commissioned by another person,
   party, or public body to act in his or its behalf; delegation; as, the
   general sent a deputation to the enemy to propose a truce.
   By   deputation,   or   In  deputation,  by  delegated  authority;  as
   substitute; through the medium of a deputy. [Obs.]

     Say  to  great  C\'91sar  this: In deputation I kiss his conquering
     hand. Shak.


   Dep"u*ta`tor  (?),  n.  One  who  deputes, or makes a deputation. [R.]


   De*pute"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Deputed; p. pr. & vb. n. Deputing.]
   [F.  d\'82puter,  fr.  L.  deputare  to  esteem,  consider, in LL., to
   destine,  allot; de- + putare to clean, prune, clear up, set in order,
   reckon, think. See Pure.]

   1. To appoint as deputy or agent; to commission to act in one's place;
   to delegate.

     There is no man deputed of the king to hear thee. 2. Sam. xv. 3.

     Some persons, deputed by a meeting. Macaulay.

   2. To appoint; to assign; to choose. [R.]

     The  most  conspicuous places in cities are usually deputed for the
     erection of statues. Barrow.


   De*pute", n. A person deputed; a deputy. [Scot.]


   Dep"u*tize (?), v. t. To appoint as one's deputy; to empower to act in
   one's stead; to depute.


   Dep"u*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Deputies  (#).  [F.  d\'82put\'82,  fr.  LL.
   deputatus. See Depute.]

   1. One appointed as the substitue of another, and empowered to act for
   him,  in his name or his behalf; a substitute in office; a lieutenant;
   a  representative;  a  delegate;  a  vicegerent;  as,  the deputy of a
   prince, of a sheriff, of a township, etc.

     There  was  then  [in  the  days of Jehoshaphat] no king in Edom; a
     deputy was king. 1 Kings xxii. 47.

     God's substitute, His deputy anointed in His sight. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; De puty is  us ed in  co mbination wi th th e names of
     various executive officers, to denote an assistant empowered to act
     in  their  name;  as,  deputy  collector,  deputy  marshal,  deputy

   2. A member of the Chamber of Deputies. [France]
   Chamber  of Deputies, one of the two branches of the French legilative
   assembly;  -- formerly called Corps L\'82gislatif. Its members, called
   deputies,  are  elected  by  the  people  voting in districts. Syn. --
   Substitute; representative; legate; delegate; envoy; agent; factor.
   De*quan"ti*tate  (?), v. t. [L. de- + quantatas, -atis. See Quantity.]
   To diminish the quantity of; to disquantity. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
   De*rac"i*nate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Deracinated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Deracinating (?).] [F. d\'82raciner; pref. d\'82- (L. dis) + racine
   root,  fr.  an  assumed LL. radicina, fr. L. radix, radicis, root.] To
   pluck up by the roots; to extirpate. [R.]
     While  that  the colter rusts That should deracinate such savagery.

   De*ra`i*na"tion   (?),  n.  The  act  of  pulling  up  by  the  roots;
   eradication. [R.]

                                Deraign, Derain

   De*raign",  De*rain"  (?), v. t. [See Darraign.] (Old Law) To prove or
   to refute by proof; to clear (one's self). [Obs.]

                            Deraignment, Derainment

   De*raign"ment, De*rain"ment (?), n. [See Darraign.]

   1. The act of deraigning. [Obs.]

   2. The renunciation of religious or monastic vows. [Obs.] Blount.


   De*rail"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Derailed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Derailing.]  To  cause  to  run off from the rails of a railroad, as a
   locomotive. Lardner.


   De*rail"ment  (?), n. The act of going off, or the state of being off,
   the rails of a railroad.


   De*range"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Deranged (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deranging.]  [F. d\'82ranger; pref. d\'82- = d\'82s- (L. dis) + ranger
   to range. See Range, and cf. Disarrange, Disrank.]

   1.  To  put  out  of  place,  order,  or  rank;  to disturb the proper
   arrangement  or  order  of;  to  throw  into  disorder,  confusion, or
   embarrassment; to disorder; to disarrange; as, to derange the plans of
   a commander, or the affairs of a nation.

   2.  To disturb in action or function, as a part or organ, or the whole
   of a machine or organism.

     A sudden fall deranges some of our internal parts. Blair.

   3.  To  disturb  in  the orderly or normal action of the intellect; to
   render  insane.  Syn.  -- To disorder; disarrange; displace; unsettle;
   disturb; confuse; discompose; ruffle; disconcert.


   De*ranged"  (?), a. Disordered; especially, disordered in mind; crazy;

     The story of a poor deranged parish lad. Lamb.


   De*range"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82rangement.] The act of deranging or
   putting  out of order, or the state of being deranged; disarrangement;
   disorder;  confusion;  especially,  mental disorder; insanity. Syn. --
   Disorder;   confusion;   embarrassment;   irregularity;   disturbance;
   insanity; lunacy; madness; delirium; mania. See Insanity.


   De*ran"ger (?), n. One who deranges.


   De*ray"  (?),  n.  [OF. derroi, desroi, desrei; pref. des- (L. dis-) +
   roi, rei, rai, order. See Array.] Disorder; merriment. [Obs.]


   Der"bi*o  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  large  European  food  fish (Lichia


   Der"by (?; usually ? in Eng.; 85), n.

   1.  A  race for three-old horses, run annually at Epsom (near London),
   for  the Derby stakes. It was instituted by the 12th Earl of Derby, in
   Derby  Day,  the  day  of  the  annual  race  for the Derby stakes, --
   Wednesday of the week before Whitsuntide.

   2. A stiff felt hat with a dome-shaped crown.

                                Derbyshire spar

   Der"by*shire  spar" (?). (Min.) A massive variety of fluor spar, found
   in  Derbyshire,  England,  and wrought into vases and other ornamental


   Der*do"ing (?), a. [See Dere, v. t.] Doing daring or chivalrous deeds.
   [Obs.] "In derdoing arms." Spenser.


   Dere  (?),  v.  t.  [AS. derian to hurt.] To hurt; to harm; to injure.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Dere, n. Harm. [Obs.] Robert of Brunne.

                               Dereine, Dereyne

   De*reine, De*reyne" (?), v. t. Same as Darraign. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Der"e*lict  (?),  a.  [L. derelictus, p. p. of derelinquere to forsake
   wholly, to abandon; de- + relinquere to leave. See Relinquish.]

   1.  Given  up  or  forsaken by the natural owner or guardian; left and
   abandoned; as, derelict lands.

     The  affections  which  these  exposed or derelict children bear to
     their  mothers, have no grounds of nature or assiduity but civility
     and opinion. Jer. Taylor.

     2. Lost; adrift; hence, wanting; careless; neglectful; unfaithful.

     They  easily prevailed, so as to seize upon the vacant, unoccupied,
     and  derelict  minds of his [Chatham's] friends; and instantly they
     turned the vessel wholly out of the course of his policy. Burke.

     A  government  which  is either unable or unwilling to redress such
     wrongs is derelict to its highest duties. J. Buchanan.


     Der"e*lict,  n.  (Law) (a) A thing voluntary abandoned or willfully
     cast  away by its proper owner, especially a ship abandoned at sea.
     (b) A tract of land left dry by the sea, and fit for cultivation or


     Der`e*lic"tion (?), n. [L. derelictio.]

     1.  The  act of leaving with an intention not to reclaim or resume;
     an utter forsaking abandonment.

     Cession or dereliction, actual or tacit, of other powers. Burke.

     2. A neglect or omission as if by willful abandonment.

     A total dereliction of military duties. Sir W. Scott.

     3. The state of being left or abandoned.

     4.  (Law) A retiring of the sea, occasioning a change of high-water
     mark, whereby land is gained.


     De`re*li"gion*ize  (?),  v.  t.  To  make irreligious; to turn from
     religion. [R.]

     He would dereligionize men beyond all others. De Quincey.


     Dere"ling (?), n. Darling. [Obs.] Chaucer.


     Dere"ling (?), n. Darling. [Obs.] Chaucer.


     Derf  (?),  a.  [Icel.  djafr.] Strong; powerful; fierce. [Obs.] --
     Derf"ly, adv. [Obs.]


     De*ride"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Derided;  p. pr. & vb. n.
     Deriding.]   [L.  deridere,  derisum;  de-  +  rid  to  laugh.  See
     Ridicule.] To laugh at with contempt; to laugh to scorn; to turn to
     ridicule or make sport of; to mock; to scoff at.

     And the Pharisees, also, . . . derided him. Luke xvi. 14.

     Sport  that  wrinkled  Care  derides. And Laughter holding both his
     sides. Milton.

     Syn.  --  To mock; laugh at; ridicule; insult; taunt; jeer; banter;
     rally.  --  To  Deride,  Ridicule,  Mock, Taunt. A man may ridicule
     without  any  unkindness  of feeling; his object may be to correct;
     as,  to ridicule the follies of the age. He who derides is actuated
     by  a  severe  a  contemptuous  spirit;  as,  to deride one for his
     religious  principles.  To  mock  is stronger, and denotes open and
     scornful derision; as, to mock at sin. To taunt is to reproach with
     the  keenest insult; as, to taunt one for his misfortunes. Ridicule
     consists more in words than in actions; derision and mockery evince
     themselves in actions as well as words; taunts are always expressed
     in words of extreme bitterness.


     De*rid"er  (?),  n.  One  who  derides,  or  laughs  at, another in
     contempt; a mocker; a scoffer.


     De*rid"ing*ly, adv. By way of derision or mockery.


     De*ri"sion (?), n. [L. derisio: cf. F. d\'82rision. See Deride.]

     1.  The  act  of  deriding, or the state of being derided; mockery;
     scornful or contemptuous treatment which holds one up to ridicule.

     He  that  sitteth  in  the heavens shall laugh; the Lord shall have
     them in derision. Ps. ii. 4.

     Saderision called. Milton.

     2. An object of derision or scorn; a laughing-stock.

     I was a derision to all my people. Lam. iii. 14.

     Syn. -- Scorn; mockery; contempt; insult; ridicule.


     De*ri"sive  (?),  a.  Expressing, serving for, or characterized by,
     derision.  "Derisive  taunts."  Pope.  --  De*ri"sive*ly,  adv.  --
     De*ri"sive*ness, n.


     De*ri"so*ry (?), a. [L. derisorius: cf. F. d\'82risoire.] Derisive;
     mocking. Shaftesbury.


     De*riv"a*ble (?), a. [From Derive.] That can be derived; obtainable
     by  transmission;  capable  of  being  known  by inference, as from
     premises  or  data; capable of being traced, as from a radical; as,
     income is derivable from various sources.

     All honor derivable upon me. South.

     The  exquisite  pleasure  derivable  from  the  true  and beautiful
     relations of domestic life. H. G. Bell.

     The argument derivable from the doxologies. J. H. Newman.


     De*riv"a*bly, adv. By derivation.


     De*riv"al (?), n. Derivation. [R.]

     The derival of e from a. Earle.


     Der"i*vate  (?),  a. [L. derivatus, p. p. of derivare. See Derive.]
     Derived;  derivative.  [R.]  H.  Taylor.  --  n. A thing derived; a
     derivative. [R.]


     Der"i*vate (?), v. t. To derive. [Obs.] Huloet.


     Der`i*va"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  derivatio:  cf. F. d\'82rivation. See

     1.  A  leading  or  drawing  off  of water from a stream or source.
     [Obs.] T. Burnet.

     2.  The  act  of  receiving  anything  from  a  source;  the act of
     procuring  an  effect from a cause, means, or condition, as profits
     from capital, conclusions or opinions from evidence.

     As  touching  traditional  communication,  . . . I do not doubt but
     many  of  those truths have had the help of that derivation. Sir M.

     3.  The  act  of  tracing  origin  or  descent,  as  in  grammar or
     genealogy; as, the derivation of a word from an Aryan root.

     4.  The  state  or  method of being derived; the relation of origin
     when established or asserted.

     5. That from which a thing is derived.

     6. That which is derived; a derivative; a deduction.

     From  the  Euphrates  into  an artificial derivation of that river.

     7.  (Math.)  The  operation  of  deducing one function from another
     according  to  some fixed law, called the law of derivation, as the
     of differentiation or of integration.

     8.  (Med.)  A drawing of humors or fluids from one part of the body
     to another, to relieve or lessen a morbid process.


     Der`i*va"tion*al (?), a. Relating to derivation. Earle.


     De*riv"a*tive  (?),  a.  [L.  derivativus:  cf.  F.  d\'82rivatif.]
     Obtained   by   derivation;  derived;  not  radical,  original,  or
     fundamental;  originating,  deduced, or formed from something else;
     secondary; as, a derivative conveyance; a derivative word.

   Derivative  circulation,  a  modification  of the circulation found in
   some  parts of the body, in which the arteries empty directly into the
   veins   without   the   interposition   of   capillaries.   Flint.  --
   De*riv"a*tive*ly, adv. -- De*riv"a*tive*ness, n.


   De*riv"a*tive, n.

   1. That which is derived; anything obtained or deduced from another.

   2.  (Gram.) A word formed from another word, by a prefix or suffix, an
   internal  modification,  or  some other change; a word which takes its
   origin from a root.

   3.  (Mus.)  A  chord,  not  fundamental,  but obtained from another by
   inversion;  or,  vice  versa,  a  ground  tone  or root implied in its
   harmonics in an actual chord.

   4.  (Med.)  An  agent which is adapted to produce a derivation (in the
   medical sense).

   5.  (Math.)  A  derived  function;  a  function  obtained from a given
   function by a certain algebraic process.

     NOTE: &hand; Except in the mode of derivation the derivative is the
     same as the differential coefficient. See Differential coefficient,
     under Differential.

   6. (Chem.) A substance so related to another substance by modification
   or  partial  substitution  as to be regarded as derived from it; thus,
   the  amido  compounds are derivatives of ammonia, and the hydrocarbons
   are derivatives of methane, benzene, etc.


   De*rive"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Derived (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deriving.] [F. d\'82river, L. derivare; de- + rivus stream, brook. See

   1.  To  turn  the  course  of, as water; to divert and distribute into
   subordinate  channels;  to  diffuse;  to  communicate; to transmit; --
   followed by to, into, on, upon. [Obs.]

     For  fear  it  [water]  choke  up the pits . . . they [the workman]
     derive it by other drains. Holland.

     Her due loves derived to that vile witch's share. Spenser.

     Derived to us by tradition from Adam to Noah. Jer. Taylor.

   2.  To receive, as from a source or origin; to obtain by descent or by
   transmission; to draw; to deduce; -- followed by from.

   Page 396

   3.  To  trace  the  origin,  descent,  or  derivation of; to recognize
   transmission of; as, he derives this word from the Anglo-Saxon.

     From  these  two  causes . . . an ancient set of physicians derived
     all diseases. Arbuthnot.

   4.  (Chem.)  To  obtain  one  substance  from  another  by  actual  or
   theoretical  substitution;  as,  to  derive  an  organic acid from its
   corresponding hydrocarbon. Syn. -- To trace; deduce; infer.


   De*rive"  (?),  v. i. To flow; to have origin; to descend; to proceed;
   to be deduced. Shak.

     Power  from  heaven  Derives,  and monarchs rule by gods appointed.


   De*rive"ment  (?),  n.  That  which  is derived; deduction; inference.

     I offer these derivements from these subjects. W. Montagu.


   De*riv"er (?), n. One who derives.


   Derk (?), a. Dark. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   -derm (?). [See Derm, n.] A suffix or terminal formative, much used in
   anatomical  terms,  and  signifying  skin,  integument,  covering; as,
   blastoderm, ectoderm, etc.


   Derm (?), n. [Gr. derme. See Tear, v. t.]

   1. The integument of animal; the skin.

   2. (Anat.) See Dermis.


   Der"ma (?), n. [NL. See Derm.] (Anat.) See Dermis.


   Derm"al (?), a. [From Derm.]

   1.  Pertaining  to  the integument or skin of animals; dermic; as, the
   dermal secretions.

   2. (Anat.) Pertaining to the dermis or true skin.

                            Dermaptera, Dermapteran

   Der*map"te*ra  (?),  Der*map"ter*an  (,  n. (Zo\'94l.) See Dermoptera,

                              Dermatic, Dermatine

   Der*mat"ic (?), Der"ma*tine (?), a. [Gr. Of or pertaining to the skin.


   Der`ma*ti"tis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the


   Der*mat"o*gen  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -gen.]  (Bot.)  Nascent  epidermis,  or
   external cuticle of plants in a forming condition.


   Der*mat"o*gen  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -gen.]  (Bot.)  Nascent  epidermis,  or
   external cuticle of plants in a forming condition.


   Der*ma*tog"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. -graphy.] An anatomical description of,
   or treatise on, the skin.


   Der"ma*toid  (?),  a.  [Gr.  -oid: cf. F. dermato\'8bde. Cf. Dermoid.]


   Der`ma*tol"o*gist  (?),  n.  One  who  discourses  on the skin and its
   diseases; one versed in dermatology.


   Der`ma*tol"o*gy  (?), n. [Gr. -logy: cf. F. dermatologie.] The science
   which treats of the skin, its structure, functions, and diseases.


   Der`ma*to*path"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Med.)  Of  or  pertaining  to skin
   diseases, or their cure.


   Der*mat"o*phyte  (?),  n.  [Gr. (Med.) A vegetable parasite, infesting
   the skin.


   Der*mes"tes  (?), n. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of coleopterous
   insects,  the  larv\'91 of which feed animal substances. They are very
   destructive  to dries meats, skins, woolens, and furs. The most common
   species is D. lardarius, known as the bacon beetle.


   Der*mes"toid  (?),  a. [Dermestes + -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) Pertaining to or
   resembling the genus Dermestes.

     The carpet beetle, called the buffalo moth, is a dermestoid beetle.
     Pop. Sci. Monthly.


   Der"mic (?), a.

   1. Relating to the derm or skin.

   2. (Anat.) Pertaining to the dermis; dermal.

     Underneath  each nail the deep or dermic layer of the integument is
     peculiarly modified. Huxley.

   Dermic remedies (Med.), such as act through the skin.


   Der"mis  (?),  n.  [NL. See Derm.] (Anat.) The deep sensitive layer of
   the skin beneath the scarfskin or epidermis; -- called also true skin,
   derm,  derma,  corium,  cutis,  and  enderon. See Skin, and Illust. in


   Der`mo*bran`chi*a"ta   (?),   n.  pl.  [NL.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  group  of
   nudibranch mollusks without special gills.


   Der`mo*bran"chi*ate (?), a. [Derm + branchiate.] (Zo\'94l.) Having the
   skin modified to serve as a gill.


   Der`mo*h\'91"mal  (?),  a. (Anat.) Pertaining to, or in relation with,
   both  dermal  and h\'91mal structures; as, the dermoh\'91mal spines or
   ventral fin rays of fishes.


   Der"moid (?), a. [Derm + -oid: cf. F. dermo\'8bde.] Same as Dermatoid.
   Dermoid  cyst  (Med.), a cyst containing skin, or structures connected
   with skin, such as hair.


   Der`mo*neu"ral  (?),  a.  (Anat.)  Pertaining to, or in relation with,
   both  dermal  and  neural  structures;  as,  the dermoneural spines or
   dorsal fin rays of fishes. Owen.


   Der`mo*path"ic (?), a. (Med.) Dermatopathic.


   Der"mo*phyte (?), n. A dermatophyte.


   Der*mop"te*ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  division  of  insects  which includes the earwigs

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  A group of lemuroid mammals having a parachutelike web
   of  skin  between  the  fore  and  hind  legs,  of  which  the  colugo
   (Galeopithecus) is the type. See Colugo.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  order  of Mammalia; the Cheiroptera. [Written also
   Dermaptera, and Dermatoptera.]


   Der*mop"ter*an  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  An insect which has the anterior
   pair  of  wings  coriaceous,  and  does not use them in flight, as the


   Der*mop"te*ri (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) Same as Dermopterygii.


   Der*mop`te*ryg"i*i  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A group of
   fishlike animals including the Marsipobranchiata and Leptocardia.


   Der`mo*skel"e*ton (?), n. [Derm + skeleton.] (Anat.) See Exoskeleton.


   Der`mos*to"sis  (?),  n. [NL., from Gr. (Physiol.) Ossification of the


   Dern (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] A gatepost or doorpost. [Local Eng.]
   C. Kingsley.


   Dern, a. [See Dearn, a.]

   1. Hidden; concealed; secret. [Obs.] "Ye must be full dern." Chaucer.

   2. Solitary; sad. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.


   Derne (?), v. t. & i. [AS. dyrnan to hide. See Dern, a., Dearn, a.] To
   hide; to skulk. [Scot.]

     He  at  length  escaped  them  by derning himself in a foxearth. H.


   Dern"ful (?), a. Secret; hence, lonely; sad; mournful. [Obs.] "Dernful
   noise." Spenser.


   Der`nier"  (?), a. [F., from OF. darrein, derrain. See Darrein.] Last;
   final. Dernier ressort ( [F.], last resort or expedient.


   Dern"ly (?), adv. Secretly; grievously; mournfully. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Der"o*gant (?), a. [L. derogans, p. pr.] Derogatory. [R.] T. Adams.


   Der"o*gate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Derogated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Derogating  (?).]  [L. derogatus, p. p. of derogare to derogate; de- +
   rogare to ask, to ask the people about a law. See Rogation.]

   1.  To  annul  in  part;  to  repeal partly; to restrict; to limit the
   action of; -- said of a law.

     By several contrary customs, . . . many of the civil and canon laws
     are controlled and derogated. Sir M. Hale.

   2. To lessen; to detract from; to disparage; to depreciate; -- said of
   a person or thing. [R.]

     Anything  . . . that should derogate, minish, or hurt his glory and
     his name. Sir T. More.


   Der"o*gate (?), v. i.

   1. To take away; to detract; to withdraw; -- usually with from.

     If  we  did derogate from them whom their industry hath made great.

     It derogates little from his fortitude, while it adds infinitely to
     the honor of his humanity. Burke.

   2.  To  act  beneath  one-s  rank,  place,  birth,  or  character;  to
   degenerate. [R.]

     You  are  a  fool granted; therefore your issues, being foolish, do
     not derogate. Shak.

     Would  Charles  X.  derogate  from  his  ancestors? Would he be the
     degenerate scion of that royal line? Hazlitt.


   Der"o*gate  (?),  n.  [L.  derogatus,  p.  p.]  Diminished  in  value;
   dishonored; degraded. [R.] Shak.


   Der"o*gate*ly, adv. In a derogatory manner.


   Der`o*ga"tion (?), n. [L. derogatio: cf. F. d\'82rogation.]

   1.  The  act  of  derogating, partly repealing, or lessening in value;
   disparagement;  detraction;  depreciation; -- followed by of, from, or

     I hope it is no derogation to the Christian religion. Locke.

     He  counted  it no derogation of his manhood to be seen to weep. F.
     W. Robertson.

   2. (Stock Exch.) An alteration of, or subtraction from, a contract for
   a sale of stocks.


   De*rog"a*tive  (?),  a. Derogatory. -- De*rog"a*tive*ly, adv. [R.] Sir
   T. Browne.


   Der"o*ga`tor (?), n. [L.] A detractor.


   De*rog"a*to*ri*ly  (?),  adv.  In  a derogatory manner; disparagingly.


   De*rog"a*to*ri*ness, n. Quality of being derogatory.


   De*rog"a*to*ry  (?),  a.  Tending  to  derogate,  or  lessen in value;
   expressing  derogation;  detracting;  injurious;  --  with from to, or

     Acts   of  Parliament  derogatory  from  the  power  of  subsequent
     Parliaments bind not. Blackstone.

     His  language was severely censured by some of his brother peers as
     derogatory to their other. Macaulay.

   Derogatory clause in a testament (Law), a sentence of secret character
   inserted  by the testator alone, of which he reserves the knowledge to
   himself, with a condition that no will he may make thereafter shall be
   valid,  unless  this clause is inserted word for word; -- a precaution
   to  guard  against  later  wills  extorted by violence, or obtained by


   Der`o*tre"ma*ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The tribe of
   aquatic  Amphibia  which  includes  Amphiuma, Menopoma, etc. They have
   permanent  gill  openings,  but  no  external  gills;  --  called also
   Cryptobranchiata. [Written also Derotrema.]


   Der"re (?), a. Dearer. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Der"rick  (?), n. [Orig., a gallows, from a hangman named Derrick. The
   name is of Dutch origin; D. Diederik, Dierryk, prop. meaning, chief of
   the  people; cf. AS. pe\'a2dric, E. Theodoric, G. Dietrich. See Dutch,
   and  Rich.] A mast, spar, or tall frame, supported at the top by stays
   or guys, with suitable tackle for hoisting heavy weights, as stones in
   building.  Derrick  crane, a combination of the derrick and the crane,
   having   facility   for  hoisting  and  also  for  swinging  the  load


   Der"ring, a. Daring or warlike. [Obs.]

     Drad for his derring doe and bloody deed. Spenser.


   Der"rin*ger   (?),   n.  [From  the  American  inventor.]  A  kind  of
   short-barreled  pocket pistol, of very large caliber, often carrying a
   half-ounce ball.


   Derth (?), n. Dearth; scarcity. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Der`tro*the"ca  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The horny covering of
   the end of the bill of birds.

                           Dervish, Dervise, Dervis

   Der"vish  (?),  Der"vise  (?),  Der"vis  (?), n. [Per. derw, fr. OPer.
   derew  to  beg, ask alms: cf. F. derviche.] A Turkish or Persian monk,
   especially  one  who  professes  extreme  poverty and leads an austere


   Der"worth  (?),  a.  [AS.  de\'a2rwurpe,  lit.,  dearworth.] Precious.
   [Obs.] Piers Plowman.


   Des"cant  (?),  n. [OF. descant, deschant, F. d\'82chant, discant, LL.
   discantus,  fr.  L.  dis + cantus singing, melody, fr. canere to sing.
   See Chant, and cf. Descant, v. i., Discant.]

   1. (Mus.) (a) Originally, a double song; a melody or counterpoint sung
   above  the plain song of the tenor; a variation of an air; a variation
   by  ornament of the main subject or plain song. (b) The upper voice in
   part  music.  (c)  The  canto,  cantus,  or soprano voice; the treble.

     Twenty  doctors  expound  one  text  twenty  ways, as children make
     descant upon plain song. Tyndale.

     She  [the  nightingale]  all  night  long her amorous descant sung.

     NOTE: &hand; Th  e te rm ha s al so be en us ed sy nonymously wi th
     counterpoint,  or  polyphony,  which  developed  out  of the French
     d\'82chant, of the 12th century.

   2.  A discourse formed on its theme, like variations on a musical air;
   a comment or comments.

     Upon that simplest of themes how magnificent a descant! De Quincey.


   Des*cant"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Descanted;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Descanting.]  [From  descant;  n.;  or  directly  fr.  OF.  descanter,
   deschanter; L. dis- + cantare to sing.]

   1. To sing a variation or accomplishment.

   2. To comment freely; to discourse with fullness and particularity; to
   discourse at large.

     A  virtuous  man should be pleased to find people descanting on his
     actions. Addison.


   Des*cant"er (?), n. One who descants.


   De*scend"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Descended;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Descending.]  [F.  descendre, L. descendere, descensum; de- + scandere
   to climb. See Scan.]

   1.  To pass from a higher to a lower place; to move downwards; to come
   or  go  down  in  any  way,  as by falling, flowing, walking, etc.; to
   plunge; to fall; to incline downward; -- the opposite of ascend.

     The rain descended, and the floods came. Matt. vii. 25.

     We will here descend to matters of later date. Fuller.

   2. To enter mentally; to retire. [Poetic]

     [He] with holiest meditations fed, Into himself descended. Milton.

   3.  To  make  an attack, or incursion, as if from a vantage ground; to
   come suddenly and with violence; -- with on or upon.

     And on the suitors let thy wrath descend. Pope.

   4. To come down to a lower, less fortunate, humbler, less virtuous, or
   worse,  state  or  station;  to  lower  or  abase  one's  self; as, he
   descended from his high estate.

   5.  To  pass  from  the more general or important to the particular or
   less important matters to be considered.

   6.  To come down, as from a source, original, or stock; to be derived;
   to  proceed  by  generation  or  by  transmission;  to fall or pass by
   inheritance;  as,  the  beggar  may  descend  from  a  prince; a crown
   descends to the heir.

   7. (Anat.) To move toward the south, or to the southward.

   8. (Mus.) To fall in pitch; to pass from a higher to a lower tone.


   De*scend"  (?),  v. t. To go down upon or along; to pass from a higher
   to  a lower part of; as, they descended the river in boats; to descend
   a ladder.

     But never tears his cheek descended. Byron.


   De*scend"ant  (?),  a.  [F.  descendant,  p.  pr.  of  descendre.  Cf.
   Descendent.] Descendent.


   De*scend"ant,  n. One who descends, as offspring, however remotely; --
   correlative to ancestor or ascendant.

     Our first parents and their descendants. Hale.

     The descendant of so many kings and emperors. Burke.


   De*scend"ent  (?), a. [L. descendens, -entis, p. pr. of descendre. Cf.
   Descendant.]  Descending;  falling;  proceeding  from  an  ancestor or

     More  than  mortal  grace  Speaks thee descendent of ethereal race.


   De*scend"er (?), n. One who descends.


   De*scend`i*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.  The  quality  of  being  descendible;
   capability of being transmitted from ancestors; as, the descendibility
   of an estate.


   De*scend"i*ble (?), a.

   1. Admitting descent; capable of being descended.

   2.  That  may  descend  from  an  ancestor  to  an heir. "A descendant
   estate." Sir W. Jones.


   De*scend"ing,  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  descent;  moving downwards.
   Descending  constellations OR signs (Astron.), those through which the
   planets  descent  toward the south. -- Descending node (Astron.), that
   point  in a planet's orbit where it intersects the ecliptic in passing
   southward.  --  Descending series (Math.), a series in which each term
   is numerically smaller than the preceding one; also, a series arranged
   according to descending powers of a quantity.


   De*scend"ing*ly, adv. In a descending manner.


   De*scen"sion  (?), n. [OF. descension, L. descensio. See Descent.] The
   act  of  going  downward;  descent;  falling  or  sinking; declension;
   degradation.  Oblique  descension  (Astron.), the degree or arc of the
   equator  which descends, with a celestial object, below the horizon of
   an  oblique  sphere.  --  Right  descension,  the degree or arc of the
   equator which descends below the horizon of a right sphere at the same
   time with the object. [Obs.]

   Page 397


   De*scen"sion*al (?), a. Pertaining to descension. Johnson.


   De*scen"sive   (?),   a.   Tending   to  descend;  tending  downwards;
   descending. Smart.


   De*scen"so*ry  (?),  n.  [NL.  descensorium:  cf. OF. descensoire. See
   Descend.] A vessel used in alchemy to extract oils.


   De*scent"  (?),  n.  [F.  descente,  fr.  descendre;  like vente, from
   vendre. See Descend.]

   1.  The  act  of descending, or passing downward; change of place from
   higher to lower.

   2. Incursion; sudden attack; especially, hostile invasion from sea; --
   often followed by upon or on; as, to make a descent upon the enemy.

     The  United Provinces . . . ordered public prayer to God, when they
     feared that the French and English fleets would make a descent upon
     their coasts. Jortin.

   3.  Progress  downward,  as in station, virtue, as in station, virtue,
   and the like, from a higher to a lower state, from a higher to a lower
   state,  from  the  more  to the less important, from the better to the
   worse, etc.

   2.  Derivation, as from an ancestor; procedure by generation; lineage;
   birth; extraction. Dryden.

   5.  (Law)  Transmission  of an estate by inheritance, usually, but not
   necessarily,  in  the  descending  line; title to inherit an estate by
   reason of consanguinity. Abbott.

   6.  Inclination  downward;  a  descending  way;  inclined  or  sloping
   surface; declivity; slope; as, a steep descent.

   7. That which is descended; descendants; issue.

     If  care  of  our  descent  perplex  us most, Which must be born to
     certain woe. Milton.

   8.  A  step  or remove downward in any scale of gradation; a degree in
   the scale of genealogy; a generation.

     No  man  living  is  a thousand descents removed from Adam himself.

   9. Lowest place; extreme downward place. [R.]

     And  from the extremest upward of thy head, To the descent and dust
     below thy foot. Shak.

   10. (Mus.) A passing from a higher to a lower tone. Syn. -- Declivity;
   slope; degradation; extraction; lineage; assault; invasion; attack.


   De*scrib"a*ble (?), a. That can be described; capable of description.


   De*scribe"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Described (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Describing.]  [L. describere, descriptum; de- + scribere to write: cf.
   OE.  descriven,  OF.  descrivre,  F.  d\'82crire.  See Scribe, and cf.

   1.  To represent by drawing; to draw a plan of; to delineate; to trace
   or  mark out; as, to describe a circle by the compasses; a torch waved
   about the head in such a way as to describe a circle.

   2.  To represent by words written or spoken; to give an account of; to
   make  known  to others by words or signs; as, the geographer describes
   countries and cities.

   3.  To  distribute  into  parts,  groups,  or classes; to mark off; to
   class. [Obs.]

     Passed  through  the  land,  and  described it by cities into seven
     parts in a book. Josh. xviii. 9.

   Syn.  -- To set forth; represent; delineate; relate; recount; narrate;
   express; explain; depict; portray; chracterize.


   De*scribe",  v.  i.  To  use  the  faculty  of  describing;  to give a
   description; as, Milton describes with uncommon force and beauty.


   De*scrib"ent  (?),  n.  [L. describens, p. pr. of describere.] (Geom.)
   Same as Generatrix.


   De*scrib"er (?), n. One who describes.


   De*scri"er (?), n. One who descries.


   De*scrip"tion (?), n. [F. description, L. descriptio. See Describe.]

   1. The act of describing; a delineation by marks or signs.

   2.  A  sketch  or  account  of  anything  in  words;  a portraiture or
   representation  in language; an enumeration of the essential qualities
   of a thing or species.

     Milton has descriptions of morning. D. Webster.

   3.  A  class  to  which  a certain representation is applicable; kind;

     A  difference  . . . between them and another description of public
     creditors. A. Hamilton.

     The plates were all of the meanest description. Macaulay.

   Syn.  --  Account;  definition;  recital; relation; detail; narrative;
   narration;  explanation;  delineation; representation; kind; sort. See


   De*scrip"tive (?), a. [L. descriptivus: cf. F. descriptif.] Tending to
   describe;  having the quality of representing; containing description;
   as,   a  descriptive  figure;  a  descriptive  phrase;  a  descriptive
   narration;  a  story descriptive of the age. Descriptive anatomy, that
   part  of anatomy which treats of the forms and relations of parts, but
   not  of  their  textures.  --  Descriptive  geometry,  that  branch of
   geometry.  which  treats of the graphic solution of problems involving
   three  dimensions,  by  means  of  projections  upon auxiliary planes.
   Davies   &   Peck   (Math.   Dict.  )  --  De*scrip"tive*ly,  adv.  --
   De*scrip"tive*ness, n.


   De*scrive"  (?),  v.  t.  [OF.  descrivre. See Describe.] To describe.
   [Obs.] Spenser.


   De*scry"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Descried (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Descrying.]   [OE.   descrien,  discrien,  to  espy,  prob.  from  the
   proclaiming  of  what  was  espied,  fr. OF. descrier to proclaim, cry
   down,  decry,  F.  d\'82crier. The word was confused somewhat with OF.
   descriven, E. describe, OF. descrivre, from L. describere. See Decry.]

   1.  To  spy out or discover by the eye, as objects distant or obscure;
   to espy; to recognize; to discern; to discover.

     And the house of Joseph sent to descry Bethel. Judg. i. 23.

     Edmund, I think, is gone . . . to descry The strength o' the enemy.

     And now their way to earth they had descried. Milton.

   2. To discover; to disclose; to reveal. [R.]

     His  purple  robe  he  had thrown aside, lest it should descry him.

   Syn. -- To see; behold; espy; discover; discern.


   De*scry"  (?),  Discovery  or  view, as of an army seen at a distance.

     Near,  and  on  speedy  foot;  the main descry Stands on the hourly
     thought. Shak.


   Des"e*cate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  desecare to cut off.] To cut, as with a
   scythe; to mow. [Obs.]


   Des"e*crate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Desecrated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Desecrating  (?).] [L. desecratus, p. p. of desecrare (also desacrare)
   to  consecrate,  dedicate;  but  taken  in the sense if to divest of a
   sacred  character;  de- + sacrare to consecrate, fr. sacer sacred. See
   Sacred.]  To  divest of a sacred character or office; to divert from a
   sacred  purpose;  to violate the sanctity of; to profane; to put to an
   unworthy use; -- the opposite of consecrate.

     The  [Russian]  clergy  can  not suffer corporal punishment without
     being previously desecrated. W. Tooke.

     The  founders  of  monasteries  imprecated evil on those who should
     desecrate their donations. Salmon.


   Des"e*cra`ter (?), n. One who desecrates; a profaner. Harper's Mag.


   Des`e*cra"tion  (?), n. The act of desecrating; profanation; condition
   of anything desecrated.


   Des"e*cra`tor (?), n. One who desecrates. "Desecrators of the church."


   De*seg`men*ta"tion  (?),  n.  (Anat.)  The  loss  or  obliteration  of
   division into segments; as, a desegmentation of the body.


   De*sert"  (?),  n.  [OF.  deserte,  desserte,  merit,  recompense, fr.
   deservir,  desservir,  to merit. See Deserve.] That which is deserved;
   the  reward or the punishment justly due; claim to recompense, usually
   in a good sense; right to reward; merit.

     According to their deserts will I judge them. Ezek. vii. 27.

     Andronicus,  surnamed Pius For many good and great deserts to Rome.

     His reputation falls far below his desert. A. Hamilton.

   Syn. -- Merit; worth; excellence; due.


   Des"ert  (?),  n.  [F. d\'82sert, L. desertum, from desertus solitary,
   desert,  pp. of deserere to desert; de- + serere to join together. See

   1.  A  deserted  or  forsaken  region;  a  barren  tract  incapable of
   supporting  population, as the vast sand plains of Asia and Africa are
   destitute and vegetation.

     A dreary desert and a gloomy waste. Pope.

   2.  A  tract, which may be capable of sustaining a population, but has
   been left unoccupied and uncultivated; a wilderness; a solitary place.

     He  will  make  her  wilderness  like Eden, and her desert like the
     garden of the Lord. Is. li. 3.

     NOTE: Also figuratively.

     Before her extended Dreary and vast and silent, the desert of life.


   Des"ert, a. [Cf. L. desertus, p. p. of deserere, and F. d\'82sert. See
   2d  Desert.]  Of  or pertaining to a desert; forsaken; without life or
   cultivation;  unproductive;  waste;  barren; wild; desolate; solitary;
   as, they landed on a desert island.

     He . . . went aside privately into a desert place. Luke ix. 10.

     Full many a flower is born to blush unseen, And waste its sweetness
     on the desert air. Gray.

   Desert  flora  (Bot.), the assemblage of plants growing naturally in a
   desert,  or in a dry and apparently unproductive place. -- Desert hare
   (Zo\'94l.),   a   small   hare  (Lepus  sylvaticus,  var.  Arizon\'91)
   inhabiting  the  deserts of the Western United States. -- Desert mouse
   (Zo\'94l.),  an  American  mouse  (Hesperomys eremicus), living in the
   Western deserts.


   De*sert"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Deserted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Deserting.]  [Cf.  L.  desertus,  p.  p.  of  deserere  to  desert, F.
   d\'82serter. See 2d Desert.]

   1.  To  leave  (especially  something  which  one  should  stay by and
   support);  to  leave in the lurch; to abandon; to forsake; -- implying
   blame,  except  sometimes  when  used  of  localities; as, to desert a
   friend,  a principle, a cause, one's country. "The deserted fortress."

   2.  (Mil.)  To  abandon  (the  service)  without  leave; to forsake in
   violation  of duty; to abscond from; as, to desert the army; to desert
   one's colors.


   De*sert",  v.  i. To abandon a service without leave; to quit military
   service  without  permission,  before the expiration of one's term; to

     The soldiers . . . deserted in numbers. Bancroft.

   Syn. -- To abandon; forsake; leave; relinquish; renounce; quit; depart
   from; abdicate. See Abandon.


   De*sert"er  (,  n.  One  who  forsakes  a  duty, a cause or a party, a
   friend, or any one to whom he owes service; especially, a soldier or a
   seaman   who  abandons  the  service  without  leave;  one  guilty  of


   De*sert"ful (?), a. Meritorious. [R.] Beau. & Fl.


   De*ser"tion (?), n. [L. desertio: cf. F. d\'82sertion.]

   1.  The  act  of  deserting  or forsaking; abandonment of a service, a
   cause,  a  party, a friend, or any post of duty; the quitting of one's
   duties  willfully and without right; esp., an absconding from military
   or naval service.

     Such a resignation would have seemed to his superior a desertion or
     a reproach. Bancroft.

   2.  The  state  of  being  forsaken;  desolation;  as, the king in his

   3. Abandonment by God; spiritual despondency.

     The spiritual agonies of a soul under desertion. South.


   De*sert"less (?), a. Without desert. [R.]


   De*sert"less*ly, adv. Undeservedly. [R.] Beau. & Fl.


   Des"ert*ness (?), n. A deserted condition. [R.] "The desertness of the
   country." Udall.

                             Desertrix, Desertrice

   De*sert"rix  (?),  De*sert"rice  (?),  n.  [L.  desertrix.] A feminine
   deserter. Milton.


   De*serve"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Deserved (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deserving.]  [OF. deservir, desservir, to merit, L. deservire to serve
   zealously, be devoted to; de- + servire to serve. See Serve.]

   1.  To earn by service; to be worthy of (something due, either good or
   evil);  to  merit;  to  be  entitled  to; as, the laborer deserves his
   wages; a work of value deserves praise.

     God exacteth of thee less than thine iniquity deserveth. Job xi. 6.

     John Gay deserved to be a favorite. Thackeray.

     Encouragement  is not held out to things that deserve reprehension.

   2. To serve; to treat; to benefit. [Obs.]

     A man that hath So well deserved me. Massinger.


   De*serve"  (?),  v. i. To be worthy of recompense; -- usually with ill
   or with well.

     One man may merit or deserve of another. South.


   De*serv"ed*ly  (?),  adv.  According to desert (whether good or evil);


   De*serv"ed*ness, n. Meritoriousness.


   De*serv"er (?), n. One who deserves.


   De*serv"ing, n. Desert; merit.

     A person of great deservings from the republic. Swift.


   De*serv"ing,  a.  Meritorious;  worthy;  as,  a  deserving  or act. --
   De*serv"ing*ly, adv.


   Des`ha*bille  (?),  n.  [F.  d\'82shabill\'82,  fr.  d\'82shabiller to
   undress;  pref. d\'82s- (L. dis-) + habiller to dress. See Habiliment,
   and cf. Dishabille.] An undress; a careless toilet.


   De*sic"cant   (?),   a.  [L.  desiccans,  p.  pr.  of  desiccare.  See
   Desiccate.]   Drying;   desiccative.   --  n.  (Med.)  A  medicine  or
   application for drying up a sore. Wiseman.


   Des"ic*cate  (?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Desiccated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Desiccating.]  [L.  desiccatus,  p.  p.  of desiccare to dry up; de- +
   siccare  to  dry, siccus dry. See Sack wine.] To dry up; to deprive or
   exhaust  of  moisture; to preserve by drying; as, to desiccate fish or

     Bodies desiccated by heat or age. Bacon.


   Des"ic*cate, v. i. To become dry.


   Des`ic*ca"tion  (?), n. [Cf. F. dessiccation.] The act of desiccating,
   or the state of being desiccated.


   De*sic"ca*tive  (?),  a.  [Cf. F. dessicatif.] Drying; tending to dry.
   Ferrand. -- n. (Med.) An application for drying up secretions.


   Des"ic*ca`tor (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, desiccates.

   2.  (Chem.)  A  short  glass  jar  fitted with an air-tight cover, and
   containing  some  desiccating  agent,  as  sulphuric  acid  or calcium
   chloride,  above  which  is  suspended  the  material  to be dried, or
   preserved from moisture.


   De*sic"ca*to*ry (?), a. Desiccative.


   De*sid"er*a*ble (?), a. Desirable. [R.] "Good and desiderable things."


   De*sid`e*ra"ta (?), n. pl. See Desideratum.


   De*sid"er*ate  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Desiderated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Desiderating.]  [L.  desideratus, p. p. of desiderare to desire, miss.
   See  Desire,  and cf. Desideratum.] To desire; to feel the want of; to
   lack; to miss; to want.

     Pray  have the goodness to point out one word missing that ought to
     have  been  there -- please to insert a desiderated stanza. You can
     not. Prof. Wilson.

     Men  were beginning . . . to desiderate for them an actual abode of
     fire. A. W. Ward.


   De*sid`er*a"tion  (?), n. [L. desideratio.] Act of desiderating; also,
   the thing desired. [R.] Jeffrey.


   De*sid"er*a*tive  (?),  a.  [L.  desiderativus.]  Denoting desire; as,
   desiderative verbs.


   De*sid"er*a*tive, n.

   1. An object of desire.

   2. (Gram.) A verb formed from another verb by a change of termination,
   and  expressing  the  desire  of  doing that which is indicated by the
   primitive verb.


   De*sid`e*ra"tum  (?), n.; pl. Desiderata (#). [L., fr. desideratus, p.
   p.  See Desiderate.] Anything desired; that of which the lack is felt;
   a want generally felt and acknowledge.

                             Desidiose, Desidious

   De*sid"i*ose`  (?), De*sid"i*ous (?), a. [L. desidiosus, fr. desidia a
   sitting  idle,  fr.  desid to sit idle; de- + sed to sit.] Idle; lazy.


   De*sid"i*ous*ness,  n.  The  state  or  quality of being desidiose, or
   indolent. [Obs.] N. Bacon.


   De*sight" (?), n. [Pref. de- + sight.] An unsightly object. [Obs.]


   De*sight"ment (?), n. The act of making unsightly; disfigurement. [R.]

     To substitute jury masts at whatever desightment or damage in risk.
     London Times.


   De*sign"  (?;  277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Designed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Designing.]  [F.  d\'82signer  to  designate, cf. F. dessiner to draw,
   dessin  drawing,  dessein  a  plan or scheme; all, ultimately, from L.
   designare  to designate; de- + signare to mark, mark out, signum mark,
   sign. See Sign, and cf. Design, n., Designate.]

   1.  To  draw  preliminary outline or main features of; to sketch for a
   pattern or model; to delineate; to trace out; to draw. Dryden.

   2.  To  mark  out  and exhibit; to designate; to indicate; to show; to
   point out; to appoint.

     We shall see Justice design the victor's chivalry. Shak.

     Meet  me  to-morrow  where  the  master  And  this fraternity shall
     design. Beau. & Fl.

   3.  To  create  or produce, as a work of art; to form a plan or scheme
   of;  to  form  in idea; to invent; to project; to lay out in the mind;
   as, a man designs an essay, a poem, a statue, or a cathedral.

   4. To intend or purpose; -- usually with for before the remote object,
   but sometimes with to.

     Ask of politicians the end for which laws were originally designed.

     He was designed to the study of the law. Dryden.

   Syn. -- To sketch; plan; purpose; intend; propose; project; mean.


   De*sign",  v.  i. To form a design or designs; to plan. Design for, to
   intend  to  go  to.  [Obs.]  "From  this  city she designed for Collin
   [Cologne]." Evelyn.
   Page 398


   De*sign" (?), n. [Cf. dessein, dessin.]

   1. A preliminary sketch; an outline or pattern of the main features of
   something  to  be  executed,  as  of  a  picture,  a  building,  or  a
   decoration; a delineation; a plan.

   2.  A  plan  or  scheme  formed  in  the mind of something to be done;
   preliminary  conception;  idea  intended  to be expressed in a visible
   form  or  carried  into action; intention; purpose; -- often used in a
   bad sense for evil intention or purpose; scheme; plot.

     The vast design and purposTennyson.

     The  leaders  of  that  assembly  who  withstood  the  designs of a
     besotted woman. Hallam.

     A . . . settled design upon another man's life. Locke.

     How  little  he  could  guess  the  secret  designs  of  the court!

   3. Specifically, intention or purpose as revealed or inferred from the
   adaptation of means to an end; as, the argument from design.

   4. The realization of an inventive or decorative plan; esp., a work of
   decorative  art considered as a new creation; conception or plan shown
   in  completed  work;  as,  this carved panel is a fine design, or of a
   fine design.

   5. (Mus.) The invention and conduct of the subject; the disposition of
   every part, and the general order of the whole.
   Arts  of  design, those into which the designing of artistic forms and
   figures  enters  as  a  principal  part,  as  architecture,  painting,
   engraving, sculpture. -- School of design, one in which are taught the
   invention and delineation of artistic or decorative figures, patterns,
   and the like. Syn. -- Intention; purpose; scheme; project; plan; idea.
   --  Design,  Intention,  Purpose.  Design  has  reference to something
   definitely  aimed at. Intention points to the feelings or desires with
   which  a thing is sought. Purpose has reference to a settled choice or
   determination  for  its  attainment.  "I had no design to injure you,"
   means  it  was  no  part  of  my aim or object. "I had no intention to
   injure  you," means, I had no wish or desire of that kind. "My purpose
   was directly the reverse," makes the case still stronger.

     Is he a prudent man . . . that lays designs only for a day, without
     any prospect to the remaining part of his life? Tillotson.

     I  wish  others  the  same intention, and greater successes. Sir W.

     It is the purpose that makes strong the vow. Shak.


   Des"ig*na*ble (?), a. Capable of being designated or distinctly marked
   out; distinguishable. Boyle.


   Des"ig*nate (?), a. [L. designatus, p. p. of designare. See Design, v.
   t.] Designated; appointed; chosen. [R.] Sir G. Buck.


   Des"ig*nate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Designated; p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To mark out and make known; to point out; to name; to indicate; to
   show;  to  distinguish  by  marks  or  description; to specify; as, to
   designate  the  boundaries  of a country; to designate the rioters who
   are to be arrested.

   2. To call by a distinctive title; to name.

   3.  To indicate or set apart for a purpose or duty; -- with to or for;
   to  designate  an  officer for or to the command of a post or station.
   Syn. -- To name; denominate; style; entitle; characterize; describe.


   Des`ig*na"tion (?), n. [L. designatio: cf. F. d\'82signation.]

   1. The act of designating; a pointing out or showing; indication.

   2. Selection and appointment for a purpose; allotment; direction.

   3.  That  which designates; a distinguishing mark or name; distinctive
   title; appellation.

     The usual designation of the days of the week. Whewell.

   4.  Use or application; import; intention; signification, as of a word
   or phrase.

     Finite and infinite seem . . . to be attributed primarily, in their
     first designation, only to those things have parts. Locke.


   Des"ig*na*tive (?), a. [Cf. F. d\'82signatif.] Serving to designate or
   indicate; pointing out.


   Des"ig*na`tor (?), n. [L.]

   1. (Rom. Antiq.) An officer who assigned to each his rank and place in
   public shows and ceremonies.

   2. One who designates.


   Des"ig*na*to*ry (?), a. Serving to designate; designative; indicating.


   De*sign"ed*ly  (?),  adv.  By  design;  purposely;  intentionally;  --
   opposed to accidentally, ignorantly, or inadvertently.


   De*sign"er (?), n.

   1. One who designs, marks out, or plans; a contriver.

   2.  (Fine  Arts)  One who produces or creates original works of art or

   3. A plotter; a schemer; -- used in a bad sense.


   De*sign"ful    (?),   a.   Full   of   design;   scheming.   [R.]   --
   De*sign"ful*ness, n. [R.] Barrow.


   De*sign"ing, a. Intriguing; artful; scheming; as, a designing man.


   De*sign"ing,  n.  The  act  of  making designs or sketches; the act of
   forming designs or plans.


   De*sign"less,  a.  Without  design.  [Obs.]  --  De*sign"less*ly, adv.


   De*sign"ment (?), n.

   1. Delineation; sketch; design; ideal; invention. [Obs.]

     For  though  that  some  mean artist's skill were shown In mingling
     colors,  or in placing light, Yet still the fair designment was his
     own. Dryden.

   2. Design; purpose; scheme. [Obs.] Shak.


   De*sil"ver (?), v. t. To deprive of silver; as, to desilver lead.


   De*sil`ver*i*za"tion  (?),  n.  The act or the process of freeing from
   silver; also, the condition resulting from the removal of silver.


   De*sil"ver*ize  (?), v. t. To deprive, or free from, silver; to remove
   silver from.


   Des"i*nence  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. d\'82sinence.] Termination; ending. Bp.


   Des"i*nent (?), a. [L. desinens, p. pr. of desinere, desitum, to leave
   off,  cease;  de-  +  sinere  to  let, allow.] Ending; forming an end;
   lowermost. [Obs.] "Their desinent parts, fish." B. Jonson.


   Des`i*nen"tial (?), a. [Cf. F. d\'82sinentiel.] Terminal.

     Furthermore,  b,  as a desinential element, has a dynamic function.
     Fitzed. Hall.


   De*sip"i*ent  (?), a. [L. desipiens, p. pr. of desipere to be foolish;
   de- + sapere to be wise.] Foolish; silly; trifling. [R.]


   De*sir`a*bil"i*ty,  n.  The  state  or  quality  of  being  desirable;


   De*sir"a*ble  (?),  a.  [F.  d\'82sirable,  fr.  L. desiderabilis. See
   Desire, v. t.] Worthy of desire or longing; fitted to excite desire or
   a wish to possess; pleasing; agreeable.

     All of them desirable young men. Ezek. xxiii. 12.

     As  things  desirable excite Desire, and objects move the appetite.


   De*sir"a*ble*ness, n. The quality of being desirable.

     The desirableness of the Austrian alliance. Froude.


   De*sir"a*bly, adv. In a desirable manner.


   De*sire"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Desired (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Desiring.]  [F. d\'82sirer, L. desiderare, origin uncertain, perh. fr.
   de-  +  sidus  star,  constellation, and hence orig., to turn the eyes
   from the stars. Cf. Consider, and Desiderate, and see Sidereal.]

   1. To long for; to wish for earnestly; to covet.

     Neither shall any man desire thy land. Ex. xxxiv. 24.

     Ye desire your child to live. Tennyson.

   2. To express a wish for; to entreat; to request.

     Then she said, Did I desire a son of my lord? 2 Kings iv. 28.

     Desire him to go in; trouble him no more. Shak.

   3. To require; to demand; to claim. [Obs.]

     A doleful case desires a doleful song. Spenser.

   4. To miss; to regret. [Obs.]

     She  shall  be pleasant while she lives, and desired when she dies.
     Jer. Taylor.

   Syn. -- To long for; hanker after; covet; wish; ask; request; solicit;
   entreat;  beg.  --  To  Desire, Wish. In desire the feeling is usually
   more  eager  than in wish. "I wish you to do this" is a milder form of
   command  than  "I desire you to do this," though the feeling prompting
   the injunction may be the susage> C. J. Smith.


   De*sire", n. [F. d\'82sir, fr. d\'82sirer. See Desire, v. t.]

   1. The natural longing that is excited by the enjoyment or the thought
   of  any  good,  and  impels  to  action  or  effort its continuance or
   possession; an eager wish to obtain or enjoy.

     Unspeakable desire to see and know. Milton.

   2. An expressed wish; a request; petition.

     And  slowly  was  my  mother brought To yield consent to my desire.

   3. Anything which is desired; an object of longing.

     The Desire of all nations shall come. Hag. ii. 7.

   4. Excessive or morbid longing; lust; appetite.

   5.  Grief;  regret.  [Obs.] Chapman. Syn. -- Wish; appetency; craving;
   inclination; eagerness; aspiration; longing.


   De*sire"ful (?), a. Filled with desire; eager. [R.]

     The desireful troops. Godfrey (1594).


   De*sire"ful*ness, n. The state of being desireful; eagerness to obtain
   and possess. [R.]

     The  desirefulness  of our minds much augmenteth and increaseth our
     pleasure. Udall.


   De*sire"less, a. Free from desire. Donne.


   De*sir"er (?), n. One who desires, asks, or wishes.


   De*sir"ous  (?),  a.  [F.  d\'82sireux,  OF.  desiros,  fr. desir. See
   Desire,  n.]  Feeling  desire;  eagerly  wishing; solicitous; eager to
   obtain; covetous.

     Jesus knew that they were desirous to ask him. John xvi. 19.

     Be not desirous of his dainties. Prov. xxiii. 3.


   De*sir"ous*ly, adv. With desire; eagerly.


   De*sir"ous*ness, n. The state of being desirous.


   De*sist"  (?;  277),  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Desisted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Desisting.]  [L. desistere; de- + sistere to stand, stop, fr. stare to
   stand:  cf. F. d\'82sister. See Stand.] To cease to proceed or act; to
   stop; to forbear; -- often with from.

     Never desisting to do evil. E. Hall.

     To desist from his bad practice. Massinger.

     Desist (thou art discern'd, And toil'st in vain). Milton.


   De*sist"ance  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  desistance.]  The  act  or  state of
   desisting; cessation. [R.] Boyle.

     If  fatigue  of  body  or  brain  were  in  every  case followed by
     desistance . . . then would the system be but seldom out of working
     order. H. Spencer.


   De*sist"ive (?), a. [See Desist.] Final; conclusive; ending. [R.]


   De*si"tion (?), n. [See Desinent.] An end or ending. [R.]


   Des"i*tive  (?),  a.  Final;  serving  to complete; conclusive. [Obs.]
   "Desitive propositions." I. Watts.


   Des"i*tive,  n. (Logic) A proposition relating to or expressing an end
   or conclusion. [Obs.] I. Watts.


   Desk  (?),  n.  [OE. deske, the same word as dish, disk. See Dish, and
   cf. Disk.]

   1.  A  table, frame, or case, usually with sloping top, but often with
   flat  top,  for  the use writers and readers. It often has a drawer or
   repository underneath.

   2.  A  reading  table  or  lectern  to support the book from which the
   liturgical  service  is read, differing from the pulpit from which the
   sermon is preached; also (esp. in the United States), a pulpit. Hence,
   used symbolically for "the clerical profession."


   Desk,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Desked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Desking.] To
   shut up, as in a desk; to treasure.


   Desk"work`  (?),  n.  Work  done  at  a desk, as by a clerk or writer.


   Des"man  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Sw.  desman  musk.] (Zo\'94l.) An amphibious,
   insectivorous  mammal found in Russia (Myogale moschata). It is allied
   to  the moles, but is called muscrat by some English writers. [Written
   also d\'91sman.]

                               Desmid, Desmidian

   Des"mid  (?),  Des*mid"i*an (?), n. [Gr. (Bot.) A microscopic plant of
   the  family  Desmidi\'91,  a group of unicellular alg\'91 in which the
   species  have  a  greenish color, and the cells generally appear as if
   they consisted of two coalescing halves.


   Des"mine  (?),  n. [Gr. (Min.) Same as Stilbite. It commonly occurs in
   bundles or tufts of crystals.


   Des`mo*bac*te"ri*a (?), n. pl. [Gr. bacteria.] See Microbacteria.


   Des"mo*dont  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  member of a group of South
   American  blood-sucking bats, of the genera Desmodus and Diphylla. See


   Des*mog"na*thous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  desmo`s bond + (Zo\'94l.) Having the
   maxillo-palatine bones united; -- applied to a group of carinate birds
   (Desmognath\'91),  including various wading and swimming birds, as the
   ducks and herons, and also raptorial and other kinds.


   Des"moid (?), a. [Gr. desmo`s ligament + -oid.] (Anat.) Resembling, or
   having the characteristics of, a ligament; ligamentous.


   Des*mol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. desmo`s ligament + -logy.] The science which
   treats of the ligaments. [R.]


   Des`mo*my*a"ri*a  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The division of
   Tunicata which includes the Salp\'91. See Salpa.


   Des"o*late  (?),  a.  [L. desolatus, p. p. of desolare to leave alone,
   forsake; de- + solare to make lonely, solus alone. See Sole, a.]

   1. Destitute or deprived of inhabitants; deserted; uninhabited; hence,
   gloomy; as, a desolate isle; a desolate wilderness; a desolate house.

     I  will  make Jerusalem . . . a den of dragons, and I will make the
     cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant. Jer. ix. 11.

     And  the silvery marish flowers that throng The desolate creeks and
     pools among. Tennyson.

   2.  Laid  waste;  in  a  ruinous  condition; neglected; destroyed; as,
   desolate altars.

   3. Left alone; forsaken; lonely; comfortless.

     Have mercy upon, for I am desolate. Ps. xxv. 16.

     Voice of the poor and desolate. Keble.

   4. Lost to shame; dissolute. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   5. Destitute of; lacking in. [Obs.]

     I were right now of tales desolate. Chaucer.

   Syn. -- Desert; uninhabited; lonely; waste.


   Des"o*late  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Desolated; p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  make  desolate; to leave alone; to deprive of inhabitants; as,
   the earth was nearly desolated by the flood.

   2. To lay waste; to ruin; to ravage; as, a fire desolates a city.

     Constructed in the very heart of a desolating war. Sparks.


   Des"o*late*ly (?), adv. In a desolate manner.


   Des"o*late*ness, n. The state of being desolate.


   Des"o*la`ter  (?), n. One who, or that which, desolates or lays waste.


   Des`o*la"tion (?), n. [F. d\'82solation, L. desolatio.]

   1.  The act of desolating or laying waste; destruction of inhabitants;

     Unto the end of the war desolations are determined. Dan. ix. 26.

   2.  The  state  of  being desolated or laid waste; ruin; solitariness;
   destitution; gloominess.

     You  would  have  sold  your king to slaughter, . . . And his whole
     kingdom into desolation. Shak.

   3. A place or country wasted and forsaken.

     How is Babylon become a desolation! Jer. l. 23.

   Syn. -- Waste; ruin; destruction; havoc; devastation; ravage; sadness;
   destitution; melancholy; gloom; gloominess.


   Des"o*la`tor (?), n. [L.] Same as Desolater. Byron.


   Des"o*la*to*ry (?), a. [L. desolatorius.] Causing desolation. [R.] Bp.


   De`so*phis"ti*cate  (?),  v.  t.  To clear from sophism or error. [R.]


   Des`ox*al"ic (?), a. [F. pref. des- from + E. oxalic.] (Chem.) Made or
   derived from oxalic acid; as, desoxalic acid.


   De*spair"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Despaired (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Despairing.]   [OE.   despeiren,   dispeiren,  OF.  desperer,  fr.  L.
   desperare;  de-  +  sperare  to  hope; akin to spes hope, and perh. to
   spatium  space,  E.  space, speed; cf. OF. espeir hope, F. espoir. Cf.
   Prosper,  Desperate.]  To be hopeless; to have no hope; to give up all
   hope or expectation; -- often with of.

     We despaired even of life. 2 Cor. i. 8.

     Never despair of God's blessings here. Wake.

   Syn. -- See Despond.


   De*spair", v. t.

   1. To give up as beyond hope or expectation; to despair of. [Obs.]

     I  would  not  despair the greatest design that could be attempted.

   2. To cause to despair. [Obs.] Sir W. Williams.


   De*spair", n. [Cf. OF. despoir, fr. desperer.]

   1. Loss of hope; utter hopelessness; complete despondency.

     We  in  dark  dreams  are  tossing to and fro, Pine with regret, or
     sicken with despair. Keble.

     Before  he [Bunyan] was ten, his sports were interrupted by fits of
     remorse and despair. Macaulay.

   Page 399

   2. That which is despaired of. "The mere despair of surgery he cures."
   Shak. Syn. -- Desperation; despondency; hopelessness.


   De*spair"er (?), n. One who despairs.


   De*spair"ful (?), a. Hopeless. [Obs.] Spenser.


   De*spair"ing,   a.   Feeling   or  expressing  despair;  hopeless.  --
   De*spair"ing*ly, adv. -- De*spair"ing*ness, n.


   De*spar"ple  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  [OF. desparpeillier.] To scatter; to
   disparkle. [Obs.] Mandeville.


   De*spatch" (?), n. & v. Same as Dispatch.


   De`spe*cif"i*cate  (?),  v. t. [Pref. de- (intens.) + specificate.] To
   discriminate;  to  separate  according  to  specific  signification or
   qualities; to specificate; to desynonymize. [R.]

     Inaptitude   and  ineptitude  have  been  usefully  despecificated.
     Fitzed. Hall.


   De*spec`fi*ca"tion (?), n. Discrimination.


   De*spect"  (?),  n.  [L.  despectus,  fr.  despicere. See Despite, n.]
   Contempt. [R.] Coleridge.


   De*spec"tion (?), n. [L. despectio.] A looking down; a despising. [R.]
   W. Montagu.


   De*speed" (?), v. t. To send hastily. [Obs.]

     Despeeded certain of their crew. Speed.


   De*spend" (?), v. t. To spend; to squander. See Dispend. [Obs.]

     Some noble men in Spain can despend Howell.


   Des`per*a"do  (?),  n.; pl. Desperadoes (#). [OSp. desperado, p. p. of
   desperar, fr. L. desperare. See Desperate.] A reckless, furious man; a
   person  urged  by  furious  passions, and regardless of consequence; a
   wild ruffian.


   Des"per*ate  (?),  a. [L. desperatus, p. p. of desperare. See Despair,
   and cf. Desperado.]

   1. Without hope; given to despair; hopeless. [Obs.]

     I am desperate of obtaining her. Shak.

   2.  Beyond  hope;  causing despair; extremely perilous; irretrievable;
   past cure, or, at least, extremely dangerous; as, a desperate disease;
   desperate fortune.

   3. Proceeding from, or suggested by, despair; without regard to danger
   or  safety;  reckless;  furious;  as,  a  desperate effort. "Desperate
   expedients." Macaulay.

   4.  Extreme,  in  a bad sense; outrageous; -- used to mark the extreme
   predominance of a bad quality.

     A desperate offendress against nature. Shak.

     The most desperate of reprobates. Macaulay.

   Syn. -- Hopeless; despairing; desponding; rash; headlong; precipitate;
   irretrievable; irrecoverable; forlorn; mad; furious; frantic.


   Des"per*ate, n. One desperate or hopeless. [Obs.]


   Des"per*ate*ly,  adv.  In a desperate manner; without regard to danger
   or safety; recklessly; extremely; as, the troops fought desperately.

     She fell desperately in love with him. Addison.


   Des"per*ate*ness n. Desperation; virulence.


   Des`per*a"tion (?), n. [L. desperatio: cf. OF. desperation.]

   1. The act of despairing or becoming desperate; a giving up of hope.

     This desperation of success chills all our industry. Hammond.

   2. A state of despair, or utter hopeless; abandonment of hope; extreme
   recklessness; reckless fury.

     In  the  desperation  of the moment, the officers even tried to cut
     their way through with their swords. W. Irving.


   Des`pi*ca*bil"i*ty (?), n. Despicableness. [R.] Carlyle.


   Des"pi*ca*ble (?), a. [L. despicabilis, fr. despicari to despise; akin
   to   despicere.  See  Despise.]  Fit  or  deserving  to  be  despised;
   contemptible;  mean; vile; worthless; as, a despicable man; despicable
   company;   a  despicable  gift.  Syn.  --  Contemptible;  mean;  vile;
   worthless; pitiful; paltry; sordid; low; base. See Contemptible.


   Des"pi*ca*ble*ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being despicable; meanness;
   vileness; worthlessness.


   Des"pi*ca*bly  (?), adv. In a despicable or mean manner; contemptibly;
   as, despicably stingy.


   Des*pi"cien*cy (?), n. [L. despicientia. See Despise.] A looking down;
   despection. [Obs.]


   De*spis"a*ble  (?), a. [Cf. OF. despisable.] Despicable; contemptible.


   De*spis"al (?), n. A despising; contempt. [R.]

     A despisal of religion. South.


   De*spise"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Despised (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Despising.]  [OF. despis-, in some forms of despire to despise, fr. L.
   despicere,  despectum,  to  look  down  upon,  despise; de- + spicere,
   specere,  to look. See Spy, and cf. Despicable, Despite.] To look down
   upon  with  disfavor or contempt; to contemn; to scorn; to disdain; to
   have a low opinion or contemptuous dislike of.

     Fools despise wisdom and instruction. Prov. i. 7.

     Men  naturally  despise those who court them, but respect those who
     do not give way to them. Jowett (Thucyd. ).

   Syn. -- To contemn; scorn; disdain; slight; undervalue. See Contemn.


   De*spis"ed*ness, n. The state of being despised.


   De*spise"ment (?), n. A despising. [R.] Holland.


   De*spis"er (?), n. One who despises; a contemner; a scorner.


   De*spis"ing*ly, adv. Contemptuously.


   De*spite" (?), n. [OF. despit, F. d\'82pit, fr. L. despectus contempt,
   fr. despicere. See Despise, and cf. Spite, Despect.]

   1. Malice; malignity; spite; malicious anger; contemptuous hate.

     With all thy despite against the land of Israel. Ezek. xxv. 6.

   2.  An  act  of  malice, hatred, or defiance; contemptuous defiance; a
   deed of contempt.

     A despite done against the Most High. Milton.

   In  despite,  in  defiance  of  another's  power or inclination. -- In
   despite  of,  in defiance of; in spite of. See under Spite. "Seized my
   hand  in despite of my efforts to the contrary." W. Irving. -- In your
   despite, in defiance or contempt of you; in spite of you. [Obs.]


   De*spite"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Despited;  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Despiting.]  [OF.  despitier, fr. L. despectare, intens. of despicere.
   See  Despite,  n.]  To vex; to annoy; to offend contemptuously. [Obs.]
   Sir W. Raleigh.


   De*spite",   prep.   In   spite   of;  against,  or  in  defiance  of;
   notwithstanding;   as,   despite   his   prejudices.   Syn.   --   See


   De*spite"ful (?), a. [See Despite, and cf. Spiteful.] Full of despite;
   expressing malice or contemptuous hate; malicious. -- De*spite"ful*ly,
   adv. -- De*spite"ful*ness, n.

     Haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters. Rom. i. 30.

     Pray for them which despitefully use you. Matt. v. 44.

     Let  us examine him with despitefulness and fortune. Book of Wisdom
     ii. 19.


   Des*pit"e*ous  (?),  a.  [OE.  despitous,  OF.  despiteus, fr. despit;
   affected  in  form  by  E.  piteous.  See Despite.] Feeling or showing
   despite;  malicious;  angry  to  excess;  cruel;  contemptuous. [Obs.]
   "Despiteous reproaches." Holland.


   Des*pit"e*ous*ly, adv. Despitefully. [Obs.]


   De*spit"ous (?), a. Despiteous; very angry; cruel. [Obs.]

     He was to sinful man not despitous. Chaucer.

   - De*spit"ous*ly, adv. [Obs.]


   De*spoil"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Despoiled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Despoiling.]   [OF.   despoiller,  F.  d\'82pouiller,  L.  despoliare,
   despoliatum;  de-  + spoliare to strip, rob, spolium spoil, booty. Cf.
   Spoil, Despoliation.]

   1. To strip, as of clothing; to divest or unclothe. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2.  To deprive for spoil; to plunder; to rob; to pillage; to strip; to
   divest; -- usually followed by of.

     The  clothed  earth  is  then  bare,  Despoiled is the summer fair.

     A  law  which  restored to them an immense domain of which they had
     been despoiled. Macaulay.

     Despoiled of innocence, of faith, of bliss. Milton.

   Syn. -- To strip; deprive; rob; bereave; rifle.


   De*spoil", n. Spoil. [Obs.] Wolsey.


   De*spoil"er (?), n. One who despoils.


   De*spoil"ment (?), n. Despoliation. [R.]


   De*spo`li*a"tion (?), n. [L. despoliatio. See Despoil.] A stripping or
   plundering; spoliation. Bailey.


   De*spond"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Desponded;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Desponding.]  [L.  despond,  desponsum,  to  promise  away, promise in
   marriage, give up, to lose (courage); de- + spond to promise solemnly.
   See  Sponsor.]  To  give  up,  the  will,  courage,  or  spirit; to be
   thoroughly  disheartened; to lose all courage; to become dispirited or
   depressed; to take an unhopeful view.

     I should despair, or at least despond. Scott's Letters.

     Others  depress  their  own  minds,  [and]  despond  at  the  first
     difficulty. Locke.

     We  wish  that  .  .  .  desponding  patriotism  may  turn its eyes
     hitherward,  and  be assured that foundations of our national power
     still stand strong. D. Webster.

     Syn.  --  Despond,  Dispair.  Despair implies a total loss of hope,
     which  despond does not, at least in every case; yet despondency is
     often  more lasting than despair, or than desperation, which impels
     to violent action.


     De*spond" n. Despondency. [Obs.]

     The slough of despond. Bunyan.


     De*spond"ence (?), n. Despondency.

     The  people,  when  once  infected, lose their relish for happiness
     [and] saunter about with looks of despondence. Goldsmith.


     De*spond"en*cy  (?),  n.  The state of desponding; loss of hope and
     cessation of effort; discouragement; depression or dejection of the

     The  unhappy  prince  seemed,  during  some  days,  to  be  sunk in
     despondency. Macaulay.


     De*spond"ent  (?),  a.  [L. despondens, -entis, p. pr. of despond.]
     Marked  by  despondence;  given to despondence; low-spirited; as, a
     despondent manner; a despondent prisoner. -- De*spond"ent*ly, adv.


     De*spond"er (?), n. One who desponds.


     De*spond"ing*ly, adv. In a desponding manner.


     De*spon"sage  (?),  n.  [From  L.  desponsus,  p.  p. See Despond.]
     Betrothal. [Obs.]

     Ethelbert  .  .  .  went  peaceably  to King Offa for desponsage of
     Athilrid, his daughter. Foxe.


     De*spon"sate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  desponsatus,  p. p. of desponsare,
     intens.  of despondere to betroth. See Despond.] To betroth. [Obs.]


     Des`pon*sa"tion  (?),  n. [L. desponsatio: cf. OF. desponsation.] A
     betrothing; betrothal. [Obs.]

     For  all  this  desponsation  of her . . . she had not set one step
     toward the consummation of her marriage. Jer. Taylor.


     De*spon"so*ry  (?),  n.;  pl.  Desponsories  (. A written pledge of
     marriage. Clarendon.


     De*sport" (?), v. t. & i. See Disport.


     Des"pot  (?),  n.  [F.  despote,  LL. despotus, fr. Gr. potens. See

     1. A master; a lord; especially, an absolute or irresponsible ruler
     or sovereign.

     Irresponsible  power  in human hands so naturally leads to it, that
     cruelty has become associated with despot and tyrant. C. J. Smith.

     2. One who rules regardless of a constitution or laws; a tyrant.


     Des"po*tat  (?), n. [Cf. F. despotat.] The station or government of
     a despot; also, the domain of a despot. Freeman.

                             Despotic, Despotical

     Des*pot"ic  (?), Des*pot"ic*al (?), a. [Gr. despotique.] Having the
     character  of,  or  pertaining  to,  a  despot;  absolute in power;
     possessing   and   abusing  unlimited  power;  evincing  despotism;
     tyrannical;     arbitrary.    --    Des*pot"ic*al*ly,    adv.    --
     Des*pot"ic*al*ness, n.


     Des"po*tism (?), n. [Cf. F. despotisme.]

     1.  The  power, spirit, or principles of a despot; absolute control
     over  others;  tyrannical  sway;  tyranny. "The despotism of vice."

     2. A government which is directed by a despot; a despotic monarchy;
     absolutism; autocracy.

     Despotism  .  .  .  is  the  only form of government which may with
     safety  to  itself  neglect  the  education of its infant poor. Bp.


     Des"po*tist, n. A supporter of despotism. [R.]


     Des"po*tize (?), v. t. To act the despot.


     De*spread" (?), v. t. & i. See Dispread.


     Des"pu*mate  (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Despumated (?); p. pr. &
     vb.  n.  Despumating  (?).]  [L.  despumatus, p. p. of despumare to
     despume; de- + spumare to foam, froth, spuma froth, scum.] To throw
     off impurities in spume; to work off in foam or scum; to foam.


     Des`pu*ma"tion (?), n. [L. despumatio: cf. F. despumation.] The act
     of  throwing up froth or scum; separation of the scum or impurities
     from liquids; scumming; clarification.


     De*spume" (?), v. t. [Cf. F. despumer. See Despumate.] To free from
     spume or scum. [Obs.]

     If honey be despumed. Holland.


     Des"qua*mate  (?),  v.  i.  [L. desquamatus, p. p. of desquamare to
     scale  off;  de- + squama scale.] (Med.) To peel off in the form of
     scales; to scale off, as the skin in certain diseases.


     Des`qua*ma"tion   (?),   n.   [Cf.  F.  desquamation.]  (Med.)  The
     separation  or  shedding of the cuticle or epidermis in the form of
     flakes or scales; exfoliation, as of bones.

                          Desquamative, Desquamatory

     De*squam"a*tive (?), De*squam"a*to*ry (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or
     attended with, desquamation.


     De*squam"a*to*ry,   n.  (Surg.)  An  instrument  formerly  used  in
     removing the lamin\'91 of exfoliated bones.


     Dess (?), n. Dais. [Obs.]


     Des*sert" (?), n. [F., fr. desservir to remove from table, to clear
     the  table;  pref.  des-  (L.  dis-) + servir to serve, to serve at
     table.  See  Serve.] A service of pastry, fruits, or sweetmeats, at
     the  close  of  a  feast  or  entertainment;  pastry, fruits, etc.,
     forming the last course at dinner.

     "An 't please your honor," quoth the peasant, "This same dessert is
     not so pleasant." Pope.

   Dessert spoon, a spoon used in eating dessert; a spoon intermediate in
   size between a teaspoon and a tablespoon. -- Dessert-spoonful, n., pl.
   Dessert-spoonfuls,  as  much  as  a  dessert  spoon will hold, usually
   reckoned at about two and a half fluid drams.


   Des*tem"per  (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82trempe, fr. d\'82tremper.] A kind of
   painting. See Distemper.


   Des"tin (?), n. [Cf. F. destin.] Destiny. [Obs.] Marston.


   Des"ti*na*ble  (?),  a.  [Cf.  OF. destinable.] Determined by destiny;
   fated. Chaucer.


   Des"ti*na*bly, adv. In a destinable manner.


   Des"ti*nal  (?),  a.  Determined  by destiny; fated. [Obs.] "The order
   destinal." Chaucer.


   Des"ti*nate  (?), a. [L. destinatus, p. p. of destinare. See Destine.]
   Destined. [Obs.] "Destinate to hell." Foxe.


   Des"ti*nate  (?),  v.  t.  To destine, design, or choose. [Obs.] "That
   name that God . . . did destinate." Udall.


   Des`ti*na"tion   (?),   n.   [L.   destinatio  determination:  cf.  F.
   destination destination.]

   1. The act of destining or appointing.

   2.  Purpose for which anything is destined; predetermined end, object,
   or use; ultimate design.

   3.  The  place  set for the end of a journey, or to which something is
   sent;  place  or point aimed at. Syn. -- Appointment; design; purpose;
   intention; destiny; lot; fate; end.


   Des"tine  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Destined (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Destining.]  [F.  destiner,  L.  destinare;  de + the root of stare to
   stand.  See  Stand,  and  cf.  Obstinate.]  To  determine  the  future
   condition  or  application of; to set apart by design for a future use
   or  purpose;  to  fix, as by destiny or by an authoritative decree; to
   doom;  to  ordain  or preordain; to appoint; -- often with the remoter
   object preceded by to or for.

     We are decreed, Reserved, and destined to eternal woe. Milton.

     Till  the  loathsome  opposite  Of  all  my heart had destined, did
     obtain. Tennyson.

     Not   enjoyment  and  not  sorrow  Is  our  destined  end  or  way.

   Syn. -- To design; mark out; determine; allot; choose; intend; devote;
   consecrate; doom.


   Des"ti*nist (?), n. A believer in destiny; a fatalist. [R.]


   Des"ti*ny  (?),  n.;  pl.  Destinies  (#).  [OE. destinee, destene, F.
   destin\'82e, from destiner. See Destine.]

   1. That to which any person or thing is destined; predetermined state;
   condition  foreordained  by  the  Divine  or by human will; fate; lot;

     Thither he Will come to know his destiny. Shak.

     No  man  of  woman  born,  Coward  or  brave, can shun his destiny.

   2. The fixed order of things; invincible necessity; fate; a resistless
   power  or  agency  conceived  of as determining the future, whether in
   general or of an individual.

     But who can turn the stream of destiny? Spenser.

     Fame  comes  only  when  deserved,  and  then  is  as inevitable as
     destiny, for it is destiny. Longfellow.

   The Destinies (Anc. Myth.), the three Parc\'91, or Fates; the supposed
   powers  which preside over human life, and determine its circumstances
   and duration.

     Marked by the Destinies to be avoided. Shak.

   Page 400

   Page 400


   De*stit"u*ent  (?;  135),  a.  [L.  destituens, p. pr. of destituere.]
   Deficient; wanting; as, a destituent condition. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.


   Des"ti*tute  (?),  a. [L. destitutus, p. p. of destituere to set away,
   leave alone, forsake; de + statuere to set. See Statute.]

   1.  Forsaken;  not  having  in  possession  (something  necessary,  or
   desirable); deficient; lacking; devoid; -- often followed by of.

     In thee is my trust; leave not my soul destitute. Ps. cxli. 8.

     Totally destitute of all shadow of influence. Burke.

   2.  Not  possessing  the  necessaries of life; in a condition of want;
   needy; without possessions or resources; very poor.

     They  wandered  about in sheepskins and goatskins; being destitute,
     afflicted, tormented. Heb. xi. 37.


   Des"ti*tute, v. t.

   1. To leave destitute; to forsake; to abandon. [Obs.]

     To forsake or destitute a plantation. Bacon.

   2.  To make destitute; to cause to be in want; to deprive; -- followed
   by of. [Obs.]

     Destituted of all honor and livings. Holinshed.

   3. To disappoint. [Obs.]

     When his expectation is destituted. Fotherby.


   Des"ti*tute*ly, adv. In destitution.


   Des"ti*tute*ness, n. Destitution. [R.] Ash.


   Des`ti*tu"tion (?), n. [L. destitutio a forsaking.] The state of being
   deprived  of  anything;  the  state  or  condition of being destitute,
   needy,  or without resources; deficiency; lack; extreme poverty; utter
   want; as, the inundation caused general destitution.

                               Destrer, Dextrer

   Des*trer"  (?),  Dex"trer  (?), n. [OF. destrier, fr. L. dextra on the
   right side. The squire led his master's horse beside him, on his right
   hand. Skeat.] A war horse. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   De*strie" (?), v. t. To destroy. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   De*stroy"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Destroyed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Destroying.]  [OE.  destroien,  destruien, destrien, OF. destruire, F.
   d\'82truire,  fr.  L.  destruere, destructum; de + struere to pile up,
   build. See Structure.]

   1.  To  unbuild; to pull or tear down; to separate virulently into its
   constituent parts; to break up the structure and organic existence of;
   to demolish.

     But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down
     their groves. Ex. xxxiv. 13.

   2.  To  ruin;  to bring to naught; to put an end to; to annihilate; to

     I will utterly pluck up and destroy that nation. Jer. xii. 17.

   3. To put an end to the existence, prosperity, or beauty of; to kill.

     If  him  by  force  he  can destroy, or, worse, By some false guile
     pervert. Milton.

   Syn.  -- To demolish; lay waste; consume; raze; dismantle; ruin; throw
   down;  overthrow;  subvert;  desolate;  devastate;  deface; extirpate;
   extinguish; kill; slay. See Demolish.


   De*stroy"a*ble (?), a. Destructible. [R.]

     Plants . . . scarcely destroyable by the weather. Derham.


   De*stroy"er  (?),  n.  [Cf.  OF.  destruior.] One who destroys, ruins,
   kills, or desolates.


   De*struct"  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  destructus,  p.  p.  of  destruere. See
   Destroy.] To destroy. [Obs.] Mede.


   De*struc`ti*bil"i*ty  (?), n. [Cf. F. destructibilit\'82.] The quality
   of being capable of destruction; destructibleness.


   De*struc"ti*ble  (?),  a.  [L. destructibilis.] Liable to destruction;
   capable of being destroyed.


   De*struc"ti*ble*ness, n. The quality of being destructible.


   De*struc"tion   (?),  n.  [L.  destructio:  cf.  F.  destruction.  See

   1.  The  act  of  destroying;  a  tearing  down; a bringing to naught;
   subversion; demolition; ruin; slaying; devastation.

     The  Jews smote all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, and
     slaughter, and destruction. Esth. ix. 5.

     'Tis safer to be that which we destroy Than by destruction dwell in
     doubtful joy. Shak.

     Destruction of venerable establishment. Hallam.

   2.  The  state  of  being  destroyed,  demolished,  ruined,  slain, or

     This town came to destruction. Chaucer.

     Thou castedst them down into destruction. Ps. lxxiii. 18.

   2.  A  destroying  agency;  a  cause  of  ruin  or  of  devastation; a

     The destruction that wasteth at noonday. Ps. xci. 6.

   Syn.  --  Demolition;  subversion; overthrow; desolation; extirpation;
   extinction; devastation; downfall; extermination; havoc; ruin.


   De*struc"tion*ist, n.

   1.  One  who  delights in destroying that which is valuable; one whose
   principles  and  influence  tend  to  destroy existing institutions; a

   2.  (Theol.)  One  who  believes  in the final destruction or complete
   annihilation of the wicked; -- called also annihilationist. Shipley.


   De*struc"tive  (?),  a.  [L. destructivus: cf. F. destructif.] Causing
   destruction;  tending  to  bring  about  ruin,  death, or devastation;
   ruinous;  fatal;  productive of serious evil; mischievous; pernicious;
   --  often  with  of  or to; as, intemperance is destructive of health;
   evil examples are destructive to the morals of youth.

     Time's destructive power. Wordsworth.

   Destructive  distillation.  See Distillation. -- Destructive sorties (
   (Logic), a process of reasoning which involves the denial of the first
   of  a  series of dependent propositions as a consequence of the denial
   of  the  last;  a  species  of  reductio ad absurdum. Whately. Syn. --
   Mortal;   deadly;   poisonous;  fatal;  ruinous;  malignant;  baleful;
   pernicious; mischievous. 


   De*struc"tive,   n.   One   who   destroys;   a  radical  reformer;  a


   De*struc"tive*ly, adv. In a destructive manner.


   De*struc"tive*ness (?), n.

   1. The quality of destroying or ruining. Prynne.

   2. (Phren.) The faculty supposed to impel to the commission of acts of
   destruction; propensity to destroy.


   De*struc"tor  (?),  n.  [L.,  from  destruere.  See  Destroy,  and cf.
   Destroyer.] A destroyer. [R.]

     Fire, the destructive and the artificial death of things. Boyle.


   De*struie" (?), v. t. To destroy. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Des`u*da"tion (?), n. [L. desudatio, fr. desudare to sweat greatly; de
   +  sudare  to sweat.] (Med.) A sweating; a profuse or morbid sweating,
   often succeeded by an eruption of small pimples.


   De*suete"  (?),  a.  [L.  desuetus,  p.  p.  of desuescere to disuse.]
   Disused; out of use. [R.]


   Des"ue*tude  (?),  n.  [L.  desuetudo, from desuescere, to grow out of
   use,  disuse;  de  +  suescere  to  become  used or accustomed: cf. F.
   d\'82su\'82tude.   See   Custom.]   The   cessation  of  use;  disuse;
   discontinuance of practice, custom, or fashion.

     The   desuetude  abrogated  the  law,  which,  before,  custom  had
     established. Jer. Taylor.


   De*sul"phu*rate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Desulphurated; p. pr. & vb.
   n. Desulphurating.] To deprive of sulphur.


   De*sul`phu*ra"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82sulfuration.]  The act or
   process of depriving of sulphur.


   De*sul"phur*ize  (?), v. t. To desulphurate; to deprive of sulphur. --
   De*sul`phur*i*za"tion (#), n.


   Des"ul*to*ri*ly  (?),  adv.  In  a  desultory  manner; without method;
   loosely; immethodically.


   Des"ul*to*ri*ness,  n. The quality of being desultory or without order
   or method; unconnectedness.

     The seeming desultoriness of my method. Boyle.


   Des`ul*to"ri*ous (?), a. Desultory. [R.]


   Des"ul*to*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  desultorius,  fr.  desultor a leaper, fr.
   desilire, desultum, to leap down; de + salire to leap. See Saltation.]

   1. Leaping or skipping about. [Obs.]

     I  shot  at  it  [a bird], but it was so desultory that I missed my
     aim. Gilbert White.

   2.  Jumping, or passing, from one thing or subject to another, without
   order  or rational connection; without logical sequence; disconnected;
   immethodical; aimless; as, desultory minds. Atterbury.

     He  [Goldsmith]  knew  nothing  accurately;  his  reading  had been
     desultory. Macaulay.

   3.  Out of course; by the way; as a digression; not connected with the
   subject;   as,   a   desultory   remark.  Syn.  --  Rambling;  roving;
   immethodical;  discursive;  inconstant;  unsettled;  cursory;  slight;
   hasty; loose.


   De*sume"  (?), v. t. [L. desumere; de + sumere to take.] To select; to
   borrow. [Obs.] Sir. M. Hale.


   De`syn*on`y*mi*za"tion (?), n. The act of desynonymizing.


   De`syn*on"y*mize  (?),  v.  t.  To deprive of synonymous character; to
   discriminate  in  use; -- applied to words which have been employed as
   synonyms. Coleridge. Trench.


   De*tach"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Detached (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Detaching.]  [F.  d\'82tacher  (cf.  It.  distaccare, staccare); pref.
   d\'82 (L. dis) + the root found also in E. attach. See Attach, and cf.

   1.  To part; to separate or disunite; to disengage; -- the opposite of
   attach;  as, to detach the coats of a bulbous root from each other; to
   detach a man from a leader or from a party.

   2.  To  separate  for  a  special object or use; -- used especially in
   military  language;  as,  to  detach a ship from a fleet, or a company
   from  a  regiment.  Syn.  --  To separate; disunite; disengage; sever;
   disjoin; withdraw;; draw off. See Detail.


   De*tach",  v.  i.  To  push  asunder;  to  come  off  or separate from
   anything; to disengage.

     [A  vapor]  detaching,  fold  by  fold,  From  those still heights.


   De*tach"a*ble (?), a. That can be detached.


   De*tached"  (?),  a.  Separate; unconnected, or imperfectly connected;
   as, detached parcels. "Extensive and detached empire." Burke. Detached
   escapement. See Escapement.


   De*tach"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82tachement.]

   1. The act of detaching or separating, or the state of being detached.

   2.  That  which is detached; especially, a body of troops or part of a
   fleet sent from the main body on special service.

     Troops . . . widely scattered in little detachments. Bancroft.

   3. Abstraction from worldly objects; renunciation.

     A  trial  which  would have demanded of him a most heroic faith and
     the detachment of a saint. J. H. Newman.


   De"tail (?; 277), n. [F. d\'82tail, fr. d\'82tailler to cut in pieces,
   tell  in  detail;  pref.  d\'82- (L. de or dis-) + tailler to cut. See

   1. A minute portion; one of the small parts; a particular; an item; --
   used   chiefly  in  the  plural;  as,  the  details  of  a  scheme  or

     The details of the campaign in Italy. Motley.

   2. A narrative which relates minute points; an account which dwells on

   3. (Mil.) The selection for a particular service of a person or a body
   of men; hence, the person or the body of men so selected.
   Detail  drawing,  a  drawing of the full size, or on a large scale, of
   some  part of a building, machine, etc. -- In detail, in subdivisions;
   part  by  part;  item;  circumstantially;  with particularity. Syn. --
   Account; relation; narrative; recital; explanation; narration.


   De"tail  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Detailed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Detailing.]  [Cf. F. d\'82tailler to cut up in pieces, tell in detail.
   See Detail, n.]

   1.  To relate in particulars; to particularize; to report minutely and
   distinctly; to enumerate; to specify; as, he detailed all the facts in
   due order.

   2.  (Mil.)  To  tell  off  or  appoint for a particular service, as an
   officer,  a  troop,  or  a  squadron.  Syn.  -- Detail, Detach. Detail
   respect  the  act  of  individualizing  the  person  or  body  that is
   separated; detach, the removing for the given end or object.


   De*tail"er (?), n. One who details.


   De*tain"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Detained (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Detaining.]  [F.  d\'82tenir,  L.  detinere,  detentum; de + tenere to
   hold. See Tenable.]

   1. To keep back or from; to withhold.

     Detain not the wages of the hireling. Jer. Taylor.

   2. To restrain from proceeding; to stay or stop; to delay; as, we were
   detained by an accident.

     Let  us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee.
     Judges xiii. 15.

   3.  To  hold  or  keep  in custody. Syn. -- To withhold; retain; stop;
   stay; arrest; check; retard; delay; hinder.


   De*tain", n. Detention. [Obs.] Spenser.


   De*tain"der (?), n. (Law) A writ. See Detinue.


   De*tain"er (?), n.

   1. One who detains.

   2.  (Law)  (a)  The  keeping  possession  of  what belongs to another;
   detention  of  what  is another's, even though the original taking may
   have been lawful. Forcible detainer is indictable at common law. (b) A
   writ  authorizing  the keeper of a prison to continue to keep a person
   in custody.


   De*tain"ment (?), n. [Cf. OF. detenement.] Detention. [R.] Blackstone.


   De*tect"  (?),  a. [L. detectus, p. p. of detegere to uncover, detect;
   de + tegere to cover. See Tegument.] Detected. [Obs.] Fabyan.


   De*tect"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Detected;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.

   1.  To  uncover;  to  discover; to find out; to bring to light; as, to
   detect a crime or a criminal; to detect a mistake in an account.

     Plain  good  intention  .  . . is as easily discovered at the first
     view, as fraud is surely detected at last. Burke.

     Like  following  life through creatures you dissect, You lose it in
     the moment you detect. Pope.

   2. To inform against; to accuse. [Obs.]

     He  was  untruly  judged  to  have preached such articles as he was
     detected of. Sir T. More.

   Syn. -- To discover; find out; lay bare; expose.

                            Detectable, Detectible

   De*tect"a*ble  (?), De*tect"i*ble (?), a. Capable of being detected or
   found  out;  as,  parties  not  detectable.  "Errors  detectible  at a
   glance." Latham.


   De*tect"er (?), n. One who, or that which, detects or brings to light;
   one who finds out what another attempts to conceal; a detector.


   De*tec"tion (?), n. [L. detectio an uncovering, revealing.] The act of
   detecting;  the  laying  open what was concealed or hidden; discovery;
   as,  the  detection  of a thief; the detection of fraud, forgery, or a

     Such secrets of guilt are never from detection. D. Webster.


   De*tect"ive  (?), a. Fitted for, or skilled in, detecting; employed in
   detecting crime or criminals; as, a detective officer.


   De*tect"ive, n. One who business it is so detect criminals or discover
   matters of secrecy.


   De*tect"or  (?), n. [L., a revealer.] One who, or that which, detects;
   a detecter. Shak.

     A deathbed's detector of the heart. Young.

   Bank-note  detector, a publication containing a description of genuine
   and counterfeit bank notes, designed to enable persons to discriminate
   between them. -- Detector l. See under Lock.


   De*ten"e*brate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  de  +  tenebrare  to make dark, fr.
   tenebrae darkness.] To remove darkness from. [Obs.] Ash.


   De*tent"  (?),  n.  [F.  d\'82tente, fr. d\'82tendre to unbend, relax;
   pref.  d\'82-  (L.  dis-  or  de)  +  tendre to stretch. See Distend.]
   (Mech.) That which locks or unlocks a movement; a catch, pawl, or dog;
   especially,  in  clockwork,  the  catch  which  locks  and unlocks the
   wheelwork in striking.


   De*ten"tion (?), n. [L. detentio: cf. F. d\'82tention. See Detain.]

   1. The act of detaining or keeping back; a withholding.

   2.  The  state  of  being  detained  (stopped or hindered); delay from

   3. Confinement; restraint; custody.

     The  archduke  Philip  .  .  . found himself in a sort of honorable
     detention at Henry's court. Hallam.


   De*ter"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Deterred (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deterring.]  [L.  deterrere;  de  +  terrere to frighten, terrify. See
   Terror.]  To  prevent by fear; hence, to hinder or prevent from action
   by fear of consequences, or difficulty, risk, etc. Addison.

     Potent enemies tempt and deter us from our duty. Tillotson.

     My own face deters me from my glass. Prior.


   De*terge"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Deterged (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deterging.]  [L. detergere, detersum; de + tergere to rub or wipe off:
   cf.  F.  d\'82terger.] To cleanse; to purge away, as foul or offending
   matter from the body, or from an ulcer.


   De*ter"gen*cy (?), n. A cleansing quality or power. De Foe.


   De*ter"gent (?), a. [L. detergens, -entis, p. pr. of detergere: cf. F.
   d\'82tergent.]  Cleansing;  purging.  -- n. A substance which cleanses
   the skin, as water or soap; a medicine to cleanse wounds, ulcers, etc.


   De*te"ri*o*rate  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Deteriorated (?); p. pr. &
   vb.  n.  Deteriorating (?).] [L. deterioratus, p. p. of deteriorate to
   deteriorate,  fr.  deterior  worse,  prob.  a comparative fr. de down,
   away.] To make worse; to make inferior in quality or value; to impair;
   as, to deteriorate the mind. Whately.

     The art of war . . . was greatly deteriorated. Southey.

   <-- p. 401 -->


   De*te"ri*o*rate  (?),  v. i. To grow worse; to be impaired in quality;
   to degenerate.

     Under such conditions, the mind rapidly deteriorates. Goldsmith.


   De*te`ri*o*ra"tion    (?),    n.    [LL.    deterioratio:    cf.    F.
   d\'82t\'82rioration.]  The  process  of growing worse, or the state of
   having grown worse.


   De*te`ri*or"i*ty  (?),  n. [L. deterior worse. See Deteriorate.] Worse
   state  or  quality;  inferiority.  "The deteriority of the diet." [R.]


   De*ter"ment  (?),  n.  [From  Deter.] The act of deterring; also, that
   which deters. Boyle.


   De*ter`mi*na*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  of  being determinable;
   determinableness. Coleridge.


   De*ter"mi*na*ble  (?), a. [L. determinabilis finite. See Determine, v.
   t.] Capable of being determined, definitely ascertained, decided upon,
   or brought to a conclusion.

     Not  wholly  determinable  from  the  grammatical use of the words.


   De*ter"mi*na*ble*ness,    n.    Capability    of   being   determined;


   De*ter"mi*na*cy (?), n. Determinateness. [R.]


   De*ter"mi*nant  (?), a. [L. determinans, p. pr. of determinare: cf. F.
   d\'82terminant.] Serving to determine or limit; determinative.


   De*ter"mi*nant, n.

   1. That which serves to determine; that which causes determination.

   2.  (Math.)  The sum of a series of products of several numbers, these
   products  being  formed according to certain specified laws; thus, the
   determinant   of   the   nine   numbers.   a,   b,   c,a\'b7,   b\'b7,
   c\'b7,a\'b7\'b7,  b\'b7\'b7,  c\'b7\'b7,  is  a  b\'b7  c\'b7\'b7 -- a
   b\'b7\'b7  c\'b7 + a\'b7 b\'b7\'b7 c] -- a\'b7 b c\'b7\'b7 + a\'b7\'b7
   b\'b7  c. The determinant is written by placing the numbers from which
   it  is  formed  in  a square between two vertical lines. The theory of
   determinants forms a very important branch of modern mathematics.

   3.  (Logic) A mark or attribute, attached to the subject or predicate,
   narrowing  the  extent  of  both, but rendering them more definite and
   precise. Abp. Thomson.


   De*ter"mi*nate  (?),  a.  [L.  determinatus, p. p. of determinare. See

   1.   Having   defined  limits;  not  uncertain  or  arbitrary;  fixed;
   established; definite.

     Quantity of words and a determinate number of feet. Dryden.

   2. Conclusive; decisive; positive.

     The determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God. Acts ii. 23.

   3. Determined or resolved upon. [Obs.]

     My determinate voyage. Shak.

   4. Of determined purpose; resolute. [Obs.]

     More determinate to do than skillful how to do. Sir P. Sidney.

   Determinate   inflorescence   (Bot.),  that  in  which  the  flowering
   commences  with  the terminal bud of a stem, which puts a limit to its
   growth;  --  also  called  centrifugal  inflorescence.  -- Determinate
   problem  (Math.),  a  problem  which  admits  of  a  limited number of
   solutions.  --  Determinate quantities, Determinate equations (Math.),
   those  that  are finite in the number of values or solutions, that is,
   in  which  the  conditions  of  the  problem or equation determine the


   De*ter"mi*nate  (?),  v.  t.  To  bring  to  an end; to determine. See
   Determine. [Obs.]

     The sly, slow hours shall not determinate The dateless limit of thy
     dear exile. Shak.


   De*ter"mi*nate*ly (?), adv.

   1. In a determinate manner; definitely; ascertainably.

     The principles of religion are already either determinately true or
     false, before you think of them. Tillotson.

   2. Resolutely; unchangeably.

     Being determinately . . . bent to marry. Sir P. Sidney.


   De*ter"mi*nate*ness, n. State of being determinate.


   De*ter`mi*na"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  determinatio  boundary,  end: cf. F.

   1. The act of determining, or the state of being determined.

   2. Bringing to an end; termination; limit.

     A speedy determination of that war. Ludlow.

   3. Direction or tendency to a certain end; impulsion.

     Remissness can by no means consist with a constant determination of
     the will . . . to the greatest apparent good. Locke.

   4.  The  quality  of  mind  reaches  definite conclusions; decision of
   character; resoluteness.

     He only is a well-made man who has a good determination. Emerson.

   5.   The  state  of  decision;  a  judicial  decision,  or  ending  of

   6.  That  which  is  determined upon; result of deliberation; purpose;
   conclusion formed; fixed resolution.

     So bloodthirsty a determination to obtain convictions. Hallam.

   7.  (Med.)  A  flow,  rush,  or  tendency  to a particular part; as, a
   determination of blood to the head.

   8.  (Physical  Sciences)  The  act, process, or result of any accurate
   measurement,  as  of  length, volume, weight, intensify, etc.; as, the
   determination  of  the  ohm  or  of  the  wave  length  of  light; the
   determination of the salt in sea water, or the oxygen in the air.

   9.  (Logic)  (a) The act of defining a concept or notion by giving its
   essential constituents. (b) The addition of a differentia to a concept
   or   notion,   thus   limiting   its   extent;   --  the  opposite  of

   10. (Nat. Hist.) The act of determining the relations of an object, as
   regards  genus  and  species;  the  referring  of minerals, plants, or
   animals, to the species to which they belong; classification; as, I am
   indebted  to  a  friend for the determination of most of these shells.
   Syn.  -- Decision; conclusion; judgment; purpose; resolution; resolve;
   firmness. See Decision.


   De*ter"mi*na*tive  (?),  a.  [Cf. F. d\'82terminatif.] Having power to
   determine; limiting; shaping; directing; conclusive.

     Incidents . . . determinative of their course. I. Taylor.

   Determinative  tables  (Nat.  Hist.),  tables  presenting the specific
   character  of  minerals,  plants,  etc.,  to assist in determining the
   species to which a specimen belongs.


   De*ter"mi*na*tive (?), n. That which serves to determine.

     Explanatory   determinatives   .   .  .  were  placed  after  words
     phonetically  expressed,  in order to serve as an aid to the reader
     in determining the meaning. I. Taylor (The Alphabet).


   De*ter"mi*na`tor (?), n. [L.] One who determines. [R.] Sir T. Browne.


   De*ter"mine  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Determined (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Determining.]  [F.  d\'82terminer,  L. determinare, determinatum; de +
   terminare limit, terminus limit. See Term.]

   1. To fix the boundaries of; to mark off and separate.

     [God] hath determined the times before appointed. Acts xvii. 26.

   2.  To set bounds to; to fix the determination of; to limit; to bound;
   to bring to an end; to finish.

     The  knowledge  of men hitherto hath been determined by the view or
     sight. Bacon.

     Now,  where  is  he  that  will  not  stay  so long Till his friend
     sickness hath determined me? Shak.

   3.   To  fix  the  form  or  character  of;  to  shape;  to  prescribe
   imperatively; to regulate; to settle.

     The  character  of  the  soul is determined by the character of its
     God. J. Edwards.

     Something divinely beautiful . . . that at some time or other might
     influence or even determine her course of life. W. Black.

   4. To fix the course of; to impel and direct; -- with a remoter object
   preceded by to; as, another's will determined me to this course.

   5. To ascertain definitely; to find out the specific character or name
   of;  to  assign  to  its  true  place in a system; as, to determine an
   unknown or a newly discovered plant or its name.

   6.  To  bring to a conclusion, as a question or controversy; to settle
   authoritative  or  judicial  sentence;  to  decide;  as, the court has
   determined the cause.

   7. To resolve on; to have a fixed intention of; also, to cause to come
   to  a  conclusion  or decision; to lead; as, this determined him to go

   8. (Logic) To define or limit by adding a differentia.

   9.  (Physical Sciences) To ascertain the presence, quantity, or amount
   of; as, to determine the parallax; to determine the salt in sea water.


   De*ter"mine, v. i.

   1. To come to an end; to end; to terminate. [Obs.]

     He  who  has  vented a pernicious doctrine or published an ill book
     must know that his life determine not together. South.

     Estates may determine on future contingencies. Blackstone.

   2.  To  come  to  a decision; to decide; to resolve; -- often with on.
   "Determine on some course." Shak.

     He shall pay as the judges determine. Ex. xxi. 22.


   De*ter"mined (?), a. Decided; resolute. "Adetermined foe."" Sparks.


   De*ter"min*ed*ly (?), adv. In a determined manner; with determination.


   De*ter"min*er (?), n. One who, or that which, determines or decides.


   De*ter"min*ism  (?),  n.  (Metaph.)  The doctrine that the will is not
   free, but is inevitably and invincibly determined by motives.

     Its  superior  suitability  to  produce courage, as contrasted with
     scientific physical determinism, is obvious. F. P. Cobbe.


   De*ter"min*ist,  n.  (Metaph.)  One  who believes in determinism. Also
   adj.; as, determinist theories.


   De`ter*ra"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  de + terra earth: cf. F. d\'82terrer to
   unearth.]  The  uncovering of anything buried or covered with earth; a
   taking out of the earth or ground. Woodward.


   De*ter"rence (?), n. That which deters; a deterrent; a hindrance. [R.]


   De*ter"rent  (?),  a.  [L. deterrens, p. pr. of deterrere. See Deter.]
   Serving to deter. "The deterrent principle." E. Davis.


   De*ter"rent, n. That which deters or prevents.


   De*ter"sion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. d\'82tersion. See Deterge.] The act of
   deterging or cleansing, as a sore.


   De*ter"sive  (?),  a. [Cf. d\'82tersif.] Cleansing; detergent. -- n. A
   cleansing agent; a detergent.


   De*ter"sive*ly, adv. In a way to cleanse.


   De*ter"sive*ness, n. The quality of cleansing.


   De*test"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Detested;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Detesting.]  [L.  detestare, detestatum, and detestari, to curse while
   calling  a deity to witness, to execrate, detest; de + testari to be a
   witness, testify, testis a witness: cf. F. d\'82tester. See Testify.]

   1. To witness against; to denounce; to condemn. [Obs.]

     The heresy of Nestorius . . . was detested in the Eastern churches.

     God hath detested them with his own mouth. Bale.

   2. To hate intensely; to abhor; to abominate; to loathe; as, we detest
   what is contemptible or evil.

     Who  dares  think one thing, and another tell, My heart detests him
     as the gates of hell. Pope.

   Syn. -- To abhor; abominate; execrate. See Hate.


   De*test`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. Capacity of being odious. [R.] Carlyle.


   De*test"a*ble  (?), a. [L. detestabilis: cf. F. d\'82testable.] Worthy
   of   being  detested;  abominable;  extremely  hateful;  very  odious;
   deserving abhorrence; as, detestable vices.

     Thou  hast defiled my sanctuary will all thy detestable things, and
     with all thine abominations. Ezek. v. 11.

   Syn. -- Abominable; odious; execrable; abhorred.


   De*test"a*ble*ness, n. The quality or state of being detestable.


   De*test"a*bly, adv. In a detestable manner.


   De*test"tate (?), v. t. To detest. [Obs.] Udall.


   Det`es*ta"tion  (?;  277),  n. [L. detestatio: cf. F. d\'82testation.]
   The act of detesting; extreme hatred or dislike; abhorrence; loathing.

     We are heartily agreed in our detestation of civil war. Burke.


   De*test"er (?), n. One who detes


   De*throne"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Dethroned (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Dethroning.]  [Pref. de- + throne: cf. F. d\'82tr\'93ner; pref. d\'82-
   (L.  dis-)  +  tr\'93ne throne. See Throne.] To remove or drive from a
   throne;  to  depose;  to divest of supreme authority and dignity. "The
   Protector was dethroned." Hume.


   De*throne"ment  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82tr\'93nement.] Deposal from a
   throne; deposition from regal power.


   De*thron"er (?), n. One who dethrones.


   De*thron`i*za"tion (?), n. Dethronement. [Obs.] Speed.


   De*thron"ize  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  LL.  dethronizare.]  To  dethrone or
   unthrone. [Obs.] Cotgrave.


   Det"i*nue  (?;  277),  n.  [OF.  detinu,  detenu,  p. p. of detenir to
   detain.  See  Detain.]  A  person  or  thing detained; (Law) a form of
   action  for  the  recovery  of a personal chattel wrongfully detained.
   Writ  of  detinue  (Law),  one  that  lies  against him who wrongfully
   detains  goods  or  chattels  delivered  to  him, or in possession, to
   recover the thing itself, or its value and damages, from the detainer.
   It is now in a great measure superseded by other remedies.
   Det"o*nate  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Detonated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Detonating  (?).] [L. detonare, v. i., to thunder down; de + tonare to
   thunder;  akin  to  E.  thunder.  See  Thunder,  and cf. Detonize.] To
   explode with a sudden report; as, niter detonates with sulphur. 


   Det"o*nate,  v.  t.  To  cause to explode; to cause to burn or inflame
   with a sudden report.


   Det"o*na`ting, a. & n. from Detonate. Detonating gas, a mixture of two
   volumes  of  hydrogen with one volume of oxygen, which explodes with a
   loud  report  upon ignition. -- Detonating powder, any powder or solid
   substance,  as  fulminate of mercury, which when struck, explodes with
   violence and a loud report. -- Detonating primer, a primer exploded by
   a  fuse;  --  used  to  explode  gun cotton in blasting operations. --
   Detonating  tube, a strong tube of glass, usually graduated, closed at
   one  end,  and  furnished  with two wires passing through its sides at
   opposite  points,  and  nearly  meeting,  for the purpose of exploding
   gaseous mixtures by an electric spark, as in gas analysis, etc.


   Det`o*na"tion  (?),  n. [Cf. F. d\'82tonation.] An explosion or sudden
   report  made  by  the  instantaneous  decomposition  or  combustion of
   unstable substances' as, the detonation of gun cotton.


   Det`o*na`tor (?), n. One who, or that which, detonates.


   Det`o*ni*za"tion (?), n. The act of detonizing; detonation.


   Det"o*nize (?), v. t. & i. [See Detonate.] [imp. & p. p.Detonized (#);
   p.  pr. & vb. n. Detonizing.] To explode, or cause to explode; to burn
   with an explosion; to detonate.


   De*tor"sion (?), n. Same as Detortion.


   De*tort"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Detorted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Detorting.]  [L.  detortus,  p.  p.  of  detorquere to turn away; de +
   torquere  to  turn about, twist: cf. F. d\'82torquer, d\'82tordre.] To
   turn  form  the  original  or  plain  meaning;  to  pervert; to wrest.


   De*tor"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  of  detorting,  or the state of being
   detorted; a twisting or warping.


   De`tour"  (?), n. [F. d\'82tour, fr. d\'82tourner to turn aside; pref.
   d\'82- (L. dis-) + tourner to turn. See Turn.] A turning; a circuitous
   route;  a  deviation  from  a  direct  course;  as, the detours of the


   De*tract"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Detracted;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Detracting.]  [L.  detractus,  p.  p.  of  detrahere  to detract; de +
   trahere to draw: cf. F. d\'82tracter. See Trace.]

   1. To take away; to withdraw.

     Detract much from the view of the without. Sir H. Wotton.

   2. To take credit or reputation from; to defame.

     That  calumnious  critic  .  . . Detracting what laboriously we do.

   Syn.  --  To  derogate; decry; disparage; depreciate; asperse; vilify;
   defame; traduce. See Decry.


   De*tract",  v.  i.  To  take away a part or something, especially from
   one's  credit;  to lessen reputation; to derogate; to defame; -- often
   with from.

     It has been the fashion to detract both from the moral and literary
     character of Cicero. V. Knox.


   De*tract"er (?), n. One who detracts; a detractor.

     Other detracters and malicious writers. Sir T. North.


   De*tract"ing*ly, adv. In a detracting manner.


   De*trac"tion (?), n. [F. d\'82traction, L. detractio.]

   1. A taking away or withdrawing. [Obs.]

     The detraction of the eggs of the said wild fowl. Bacon.

   2. The act of taking away from the reputation or good name of another;
   a  lessening  or  cheapening  in  the estimation of others; the act of
   depreciating   another,   from   envy  or  malice;  calumny.  Syn.  --
   Depreciation;  disparagement; derogation; slander; calumny; aspersion;


   De*trac"tious (?), a. Containing detraction; detractory. [R.] Johnson.


   De*tract"ive (?), a.

   1. Tending to detractor draw. [R.]

   2. Tending to lower in estimation; depreciative.


   De*tract"ive*ness, n. The quality of being detractive.


   De*trac"or  (?),  n.  [L.:  cf. F. d\'82tracteur.] One who detracts; a
   derogator; a defamer.

     His detractors were noisy and scurrilous. Macaulay.

   Syn. -- Slanderer; calumniator; defamer; vilifier.


   De*tract"o*ry  (?),  a.  Defamatory  by  denial of desert; derogatory;
   calumnious. Sir T. Browne.


   De*tract"ress, n. A female detractor. Addison.


   De*train"  (?),  v.  i.  & t. To alight, or to cause to alight, from a
   railway train. [Eng.] London Graphic.


   De*trect" (?), v. t. [L. detrectare; de + tractare, intens. of trahere
   to  draw.]  To  refuse;  to  decline.  [Obs.] "To detrect the battle."

   Page 402


   Det"ri*ment (?), n. [L. detrimentum, fr. deterere, detritum, to rub or
   wear away; de + terere to rub: cf. F. d\'82triment. See Trite.]

   1.  That  which  injures or causes damage; mischief; harm; diminution;
   loss;  damage;  --  used very generically; as, detriments to property,
   religion, morals, etc.

     I can repair That detriment, if such it be. Milton.

   2.  A charge made to students and barristers for incidental repairs of
   the   rooms   they  occupy.  [Eng.]  Syn.  --  Injury;  loss;  damage;
   disadvantage; prejudice; hurt; mischief; harm.


   Det"ri*ment (?), v. t. To do injury to; to hurt. [Archaic]

     Other might be determined thereby. Fuller.


   Det`ri*men"tal (?), a. Causing detriment; injurious; hurtful.

     Neither dangerous nor detrimental to the donor. Addison.

   Syn. -- Injurious; hurtful; prejudicial; disadvantageous; mischievous;


   Det`ri*men"tal*ness,    n.   The   quality   of   being   detrimental;


   De*tri"tal (?), a. (Geol.) Pertaining to, or composed of, detritus.


   De*trite" (?), a. [L. detritus, p. p.] Worn out.


   De*tri"tion  (?),  n.  [LL. detritio. See Detriment.] A wearing off or

     Phonograms which by process long-continued detrition have reached a
     step of extreme simplicity. I. Taylor (The Alphabet).


   De*tri"tus  (?),  n.  [F.  d\'82tritus,  fr.  L.  detritus,  p.  p. of
   deterere. See Detriment.]

   1.  (Geol.)  A  mass  of  substances  worn  off  from  solid bodies by
   attrition, and reduced to small portions; as, diluvial detritus.

     NOTE: &hand; For large portions, the word d\'82bris is used.

   2.  Hence:  Any  fragments  separated  from  the  body  to  which they
   belonged; any product of disintegration.

     The  mass  of  detritus  of  which  modern  languages are composed.


   De*trude"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Detruded;  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Detruding.] [L. detrudere, detrusum; de + trudere to thrust, push.] To
   thrust down or out; to push down with force. Locke.


   De*tun"cate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Detruncated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Detruncating.]  [L.  detruncatus, p. p. of detruncare to cut off; de +
   truncare  to  maim,  shorten,  cut  off.  See Truncate.] To shorten by
   cutting; to cut off; to lop off.


   De`trun*ca"tion  (?), n. [L. detruncatio: cf. F. d\'82troncation.] The
   act of lopping or cutting off, as the head from the body.


   De*tru"sion  (?),  n. [L. detrusio. See Detrude.] The act of thrusting
   or driving down or outward; outward thrust. -- De*tru"sive, a.


   Dette (?), n. Debt. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Dette"les (?), a. Free from debt. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   De`tu*mes"cence  (?),  n.  [L.  detumescere  to  cease  swelling; de +
   tumescere,  tumere,  to  swell.] Diminution of swelling; subsidence of
   anything swollen. [R.] Cudworth.


   De"tur (?), n. [L. detur let it be given.] A present of books given to
   a meritorious undergraduate student as a prize. [Harvard Univ., U. S.]


   De*turb" (?), v. t. [L. deturbare.] To throw down. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   De*tur"bate  (?),  v.  t.  [LL. deturbatus, p. p. of deturbare, fr. L.
   deturbare to thrust down.] To evict; to remove. [Obs.] Foxe.


   Det`ur*ba"tion (?), n. The act of deturbating. [Obs.]


   De*turn"  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  de- + turn. Cf. Detour.] To turn away.
   [Obs.] Sir K. Digby.


   De*tur"pate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  deturpare;  de + turpare to make ugly,
   defile,  turpis  ugly,  foul.]  To  defile;  to disfigure. [Obs.] Jer.


   Det`ur*pa"tion (?), n. A making foul. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.


   Deuce (?), n. [F. deux two, OF. deus, fr. L. duo. See Two.]

   1.  (Gaming)  Two;  a  card  or a die with two spots; as, the deuce of

   2. (Tennis) A condition of the score beginning whendeuce
   , which decides the game.


   Deuce,  n.  [Cf.  LL.  dusius,  Armor, dus, te\'96z, phantom, specter;
   Gael.  taibhs, taibhse, apparition, ghost; or fr. OF. deus God, fr. L.
   deus  (cf.  Deity.)]  The  devil;  a demon. [A euphemism, written also
   deuse.] [Low]


   Deu"ced  (?),  a.  Devilish;  excessive; extreme. [Low] -- Deu"ced*ly,

                               Deuse, n.; Deused

   Deuse (?), n.; Deu"sed (, a. See Deuce, Deuced.


   Deu`ter*o*ca*non"ic*al (?), a. [Gr. canonical.] Pertaining to a second
   canon, or ecclesiastical writing of inferior authority; -- said of the
   Apocrypha, certain Epistles, etc.


   Deu`ter*og"a*mist  (?),  n.  [See  Deuterogamy.]  One  who marries the
   second time.


   Deu`ter*og"a*my (?), n. [Gr. A second marriage, after the death of the
   first  husband  of  wife; -- in distinction from bigamy, as defined in
   the old canon law. See Bigamy. Goldsmith.


   Deu`ter*o*gen"ic  (?), a. [Gr. (Geol.) Of secondary origin; -- said of
   certain rocks whose material has been derived from older rocks.


   Deu`ter*on"o*mist (?), n. The writer of Deuteronomy.


   Deu`ter*on"o*my (?), n. [Gr. Deuteronomium.] (Bibl.) The fifth book of
   the Pentateuch, containing the second giving of the law by Moses.

                          Deuteropathia, Deuteropathy

   Deu`ter*o*pa*thi"a  (?),  Deu`ter*op"a*thy (?), n. [NL. deuteropathia,
   fr.  Gr. deut\'82ropathie.] (Med.) A sympathetic affection of any part
   of the body, as headache from an overloaded stomach.


   Deu`ter*o*path"ic (?), a. Pertaining to deuteropathy; of the nature of


   Deu`ter*os"co*py (?), n. [Gr. -scopy.]

   1. Second sight.

     I  felt  by  anticipation  the  horrors of the Highland seers, whom
     their  gift  of  deuteroscopy  compels to witness things unmeet for
     mortal eye. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  That  which is seen at a second view; a meaning beyond the literal
   sense; the second intention; a hidden signification. Sir T. Browne.


   Deu`ter*o*zo"oid (?), n. [Gr. zooid.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the secondary,
   and  usually  sexual,  zooids  produced by budding or fission from the
   primary  zooids,  in  animals  having  alternate  generations.  In the
   tapeworms, the joints are deuterozooids.


   Deut`hy*drog"u*ret (?), n. (Chem.) Same as Deutohydroguret.

                                Deuto- OR Deut-

   Deu"to- (?) OR Deut- (d\'d4t-) [Contr. from Gr. (Chem.) A prefix which
   formerly properly indicated the second in a regular series of compound
   in  the series, and not to its composition, but which is now generally
   employed in the same sense as bi- or di-, although little used.


   Deu`to*hy*drog"u*ret  (?),  n.  [Pref.  deut-,  deuto-  + hydroguret.]
   (Chem.)  A  compound  containing in the molecule two atoms of hydrogen
   united with some other element or radical. [Obs.]


   Deu"to*plasm  (?),  n.  [Pref.  deuto- + Gr. (Biol.) The lifeless food
   matter  in  the  cytoplasm of an ovum or a cell, as distinguished from
   the active or true protoplasm; yolk substance; yolk.


   Deu`to*plas"tic  (?), a. [Pref. deuto- + Gr. (Biol.) Pertaining to, or
   composed of, deutoplasm.


   Deu`to*sul"phu*ret  (?),  n.  [Pref.  deuto-  +  sulphuret.] (Chem.) A
   disulphide. [Obs.]


   Deu*tox"ide  (?;  104),  n.  [Pref. deut- + oxide.] (Chem.) A compound
   containing  in the molecule two atoms of oxygen united with some other
   element  or  radical;  --  usually called dioxide, or less frequently,


   Deut"zi*a  (?),  n.  [NL.  Named after Jan Deutz of Holland.] (Bot.) A
   genus of shrubs with pretty white flowers, much cultivated.

                                 Dev, OR Deva

   Dev  (?),  OR  De"va (, n. [Skr. d. Cf. Deity.] (Hind. Myth.) A god; a
   deity; a divine being; an idol; a king.


   De`va*na"ga*ri  (?),  n.  [Skr.  d; d god + nagara city, i. e., divine
   city.] The character in which Sanskrit is written.


   De*vap`o*ra"tion  (?),  n.  The  change of vapor into water, as in the
   formation of rain.


   De*vast" (?), v. t. [Cf. F. d\'82vaster. See Devastate.] To devastate.
   [Obs.] Bolingbroke.


   Dev"as*tate  (?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Devastated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Devastating.]  [L.  devastatus,  p. p. of devastare to devastate; de +
   vastare  to  lay  waste,  vastus  waste.  See  Vast.] To lay waste; to
   ravage; to desolate.

     Whole countries . . . were devastated. Macaulay.

   Syn.  --  To  waste;  ravage;  desolate;  destroy;  demolish; plunder;


   Dev`as*ta"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. d\'82vastation.]

   1.  The act of devastating, or the state of being devastated; a laying

     Even  now  the  devastation  is  begun,  And  half  the business of
     destruction done. Goldsmith.

   2.  (Law)  Waste  of  the  goods  of  the  deceased  by an executor or
   administrator.  Blackstone.  Syn. -- Desolation; ravage; waste; havoc;
   destruction; ruin; overthrow.


   Dev"as*ta`tor  (?),  n.  [L.]  One  who,  or  that  which, devastates.


   Dev`as*ta"vit   (?),   n.   [L.,   he  has  wasted.]  (Law)  Waste  or
   misapplication of the assets of a deceased person by an executor or an
   administrator. Bouvier.


   De"va*ta  (?),  n.  [Hind.,  fr. Skr. d god.] (Hind. Myth.) A deity; a
   divine being; a good spirit; an idol. [Written also dewata.]


   Deve (?), a. [See Deaf.] Deaf. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Dev"el*in (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The European swift. [Prov. Eng.]


   De*vel"op  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Developed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Developing.]  [F.  d\'82veloper;  d\'82-  (L.  dis-)  +  OF.  voluper,
   voleper,  to envelop, perh. from L. volup agreeably, delightfully, and
   hence  orig.,  to make agreeable or comfortable by enveloping, to keep
   snug (cf. Voluptuous); or. perh. fr. a derivative of volvere, volutum,
   to roll (cf. Devolve). Cf. Envelop.] [Written also develope.]

   1. To free from that which infolds or envelops; to unfold; to lay open
   by  degrees  or  in  detail; to make visible or known; to disclose; to
   produce  or give forth; as, to develop theories; a motor that develops
   100 horse power.

     These serve to develop its tenets. Milner.

     The 20th was spent in strengthening our position and developing the
     line of the enemy. The Century.

   2.  To  unfold  gradually,  as  a  flower  from a bud; hence, to bring
   through a succession of states or stages, each of which is preparatory
   to  the  next;  to  form or expand by a process of growth; to cause to
   change  gradually  from an embryo, or a lower state, to a higher state
   or form of being; as, sunshine and rain develop the bud into a flower;
   to develop the mind.

     The sound developed itself into a real compound. J. Peile.

     All  insects  .  .  . acquire the jointed legs before the wings are
     fully developed. Owen.

   3. To advance; to further; to prefect; to make to increase; to promote
   the growth of.

     We must develop our own resources to the utmost. Jowett (Thucyd).

   4.  (Math.)  To  change the form of, as of an algebraic expression, by
   executing certain indicated operations without changing the value.

   5.  (Photog.)  To  cause  to become visible, as an invisible or latent
   image  upon  plate,  by  submitting it to chemical agents; to bring to
   To  develop  a  curved  surface  on a place (Geom.), to produce on the
   plane  an  equivalent  surface, as if by rolling the curved surface so
   that all parts shall successively touch the plane. Syn. -- To uncover;
   unfold;   evolve;  promote;  project;  lay  open;  disclose;  exhibit;
   unravel; disentangle.


   De*vel"op (?), v. i.

   1.  To  go  through  a  process  of  natural  evolution  or growth, by
   successive  changes  from  a  less  perfect  to a more perfect or more
   highly organized state; to advance from a simpler form of existence to
   one  more  complex  either  in  structure  or  function; as, a blossom
   develops  from  a  bud;  the  seed  develops  into a plant; the embryo
   develops into a well-formed animal; the mind develops year by year.

     Nor poets enough to understand That life develops from within. Mrs.

   2.  To  become  apparent  gradually;  as, a picture on sensitive paper
   develops  on  the  application  of heat; the plans of the conspirators


   De*vel"op*a*ble   (?),  a.  Capable  of  being  developed.  J.  Peile.
   Developable  surface  (Math.),  a  surface described by a moving right
   line,  and  such that consecutive positions of the generator intersect
   each other. Hence, the surface can be developed into a plane.


   De*vel"op*er (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, develops.

   2.  (Photog.) A reagent by the action of which the latent image upon a
   photographic  plate,  after  exposure  in the camera, or otherwise, is
   developed and visible.


   De*vel"op*ment  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  d\'82veloppement.]  [Written  also

   1.  The  act  of  developing  or  disclosing  that which is unknown; a
   gradual unfolding process by which anything is developed, as a plan or
   method,  or an image upon a photographic plate; gradual advancement or
   growth  through  a  series of progressive changes; also, the result of
   developing, or a developed state.

     A new development of imagination, taste, and poetry. Channing.

   2.  (Biol.) The series of changes which animal and vegetable organisms
   undergo  in their passage from the embryonic state to maturity, from a
   lower to a higher state of organization.

   3.  (Math.)  (a)  The  act  or  process  of  changing  or expanding an
   expression  into  another  of  equivalent  value  or  meaning. (b) The
   equivalent expression into which another has been developed.

   4.  (mus.)  The  elaboration of a theme or subject; the unfolding of a
   musical  idea;  the  evolution  of  a  whole  piece or movement from a
   leading theme or motive.
   Development  theory  (Biol.),  the  doctrine  that  animals and plants
   possess  the  power  of  passing  by slow and successive stages from a
   lower to a higher state of organization, and that all the higher forms
   of  life  now  in  existence  were thus developed by uniform laws from
   lower  forms, and are not the result of special creative acts. See the
   Note  under  Darwinian.  Syn.  --  Unfolding;  disclosure; unraveling;
   evolution; elaboration; growth.


   De*vel`op*men"tal  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to, or characteristic of, the
   process  of  development;  as,  the  developmental  power  of  a germ.


   Dev`e*nus"tate  (?),  v.  t. [L. devenustatus, p. p. of devenustare to
   disfigure;  de  +  venustus lovely, graceful.] To deprive of beauty or
   grace. [Obs.]

                            Devergence, Devergency

   De*ver"gence (?), De*ver"gen*cy (?), n. See Divergence. [Obs.]


   De*vest"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Devested;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Devesting.]  [L.  devestire to undress; de + vestire to dress: cf. OF.
   devestir, F. d\'82v\'88tir. Cf. Divest.]

   1. To divest; to undress. Shak.

   2.  To  take  away,  as  an  authority,  title,  etc.,  to deprive; to
   alienate, as an estate.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd is now generally written divest, except in
     the legal sense.


   De*vest", v. i. (Law) To be taken away, lost, or alienated, as a title
   or an estate.


   De*vex"  (?),  a.  [L.  devexus, from devehere to carry down.] Bending
   down; sloping. [Obs.]


   De*vex", n. Devexity. [Obs.] May (Lucan).


   De*vex"i*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  devexitas,  fr.  devexus. See Devex, a.] A
   bending  downward;  a  sloping;  incurvation downward; declivity. [R.]
   Davies (Wit's Pilgr.)


   De"vi (?), n.; fem. of Deva. A goddess.


   De"vi*ant (?), a. Deviating. [Obs.]


   De"vi*ate  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Deviated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Deviating  (?).] [L. deviare to deviate; de + viare to go, travel, via
   way.  See  Viaduct.] To go out of the way; to turn aside from a course
   or a method; to stray or go astray; to err; to digress; to diverge; to

     Thus  Pegasus,  a  nearer  way to take, May boldly deviate from the
     common track. Pope.

   Syn. -- To swerve; stray; wander; digress; depart; deflect; err.


   De"vi*ate, v. t. To cause to deviate. [R.]

     To deviate a needle. J. D. Forbes.


   De`vi*a"tion (?), n. [LL. deviatio: cf. F. d\'82viation.]

   1.  The act of deviating; a wandering from the way; variation from the
   common  way,  from  an  established rule, etc.; departure, as from the
   right course or the path of duty.

   2.  The state or result of having deviated; a transgression; an act of
   sin; an error; an offense.

   Page 403

   2.  (Com.)  The voluntary and unnecessary departure of a ship from, or
   delay in, the regular and usual course of the specific voyage insured,
   thus releasing the underwriters from their responsibility.
   Deviation  of a falling body (Physics), that deviation from a strictly
   vertical  line  of  descent  which occurs in a body falling freely, in
   consequence of the rotation of the earth. -- Deviation of the compass,
   the angle which the needle of a ship's compass makes with the magnetic
   meridian  by reason of the magnetism of the iron parts of the ship. --
   Deviation  of  the  line  of  the vertical, the difference between the
   actual  direction  of  a plumb line and the direction it would have if
   the  earth  were a perfect ellipsoid and homogeneous, -- caused by the
   attraction of a mountain, or irregularities in the earth's density.


   De"vi*a`tor  (?),  n.  [L.,  a  forsaker.]  One  who,  or  that which,


   De"vi*a*to*ry  (?),  a.  Tending  to  deviate;  devious; as, deviatory
   motion. [R.] Tully.


   De*vice"  (?),  n.  [OE.  devis,  devise,  will,  intention,  opinion,
   invention,  fr.  F.  devis  architect's  plan  and  estimates (in OF.,
   division,  plan,  wish),  devise  device  (in  sense  3), in OF. also,
   division,  wish,  last  will,  fr. deviser. See Devise, v. t., and cf.
   Devise, n.]

   1.  That  which  is  devised,  or  formed by design; a contrivance; an
   invention;  a  project;  a  scheme;  often,  a  scheme  to  deceive; a
   stratagem; an artifice.

     His device in against Babylon, to destroy it. Jer. li. 11.

     Their recent device of demanding benevolences. Hallam.

     He disappointeth the devices of the crafty. Job v. 12.

   2. Power of devising; invention; contrivance.

     I must have instruments of my own device. Landor.

   3.  (a)  An  emblematic  design,  generally  consisting of one or more
   figures  with a motto, used apart from heraldic bearings to denote the
   historical  situation,  the  ambition,  or  the  desire  of the person
   adopting it. See Cognizance. (b) Improperly, an heraldic bearing.

     Knights-errant  used  to distinguish themselves by devices on their
     shields. Addison.

     A banner with this strange device - Excelsior. Longfellow.

   4. Anything fancifully conceived. Shak.

   5. A spectacle or show. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.

   6.   Opinion;  decision.  [Obs.]  Rom.  of  R.  Syn.  --  Contrivance;
   invention;  design;  scheme;  project;  stratagem;  shift.  -- Device,
   Contrivance.  Device  implies more of inventive power, and contrivance
   more  of  skill  and  dexterity  in  execution.  A  device usually has
   reference   to   something  worked  out  for  exhibition  or  show;  a
   contrivance  usually respects the arrangement or disposition of things
   with   reference   to   securing   some  end.  Devices  were  worn  by
   knights-errant  on  their  shields; contrivances are generally used to
   promote  the  practical  convenience of life. The word device is often
   used in a bad sense; as, a crafty device; contrivance is almost always
   used in a good sense; as, a useful contrivance.


   De*vice"ful (?), a. Full of devices; inventive. [R.]

     A carpet, rich, and of deviceful thread. Chapman.


   De*vice"ful*ly, adv. In a deviceful manner. [R.]


   Dev"il  (?),  n.  [AS.  de\'a2fol,  de\'a2ful;  akin  to  G.  ,  Goth.
   diaba\'a3lus;  all  fr.  L.  diabolus  the devil, Gr. gal to fall. Cf.

   1.  The  Evil  One; Satan, represented as the tempter and spiritual of

     [Jesus] being forty days tempted of the devil. Luke iv. 2.

     That  old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the
     whole world. Rev. xii. 9.

   2. An evil spirit; a demon.

     A dumb man possessed with a devil. Matt. ix. 32.

   3.   A  very  wicked  person;  hence,  any  great  evil.  "That  devil
   Glendower." "The devil drunkenness." Shak.

     Have  not  I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil? John vi.

   4. An expletive of surprise, vexation, or emphasis, or, ironically, of
   negation. [Low]

     The devil a puritan that he is, . . . but a timepleaser. Shak.

     The  things, we know, are neither rich nor rare, But wonder how the
     devil they got there. Pope.

   5.  (Cookery) A dish, as a bone with the meat, broiled and excessively
   peppered; a grill with Cayenne pepper.

     Men  and  women  busy  in  baking,  broiling, roasting oysters, and
     preparing devils on the gridiron. Sir W. Scott.

   6. (Manuf.) A machine for tearing or cutting rags, cotton, etc.
   Blue  devils. See under Blue. -- Cartesian devil. See under Cartesian.
   --  Devil  bird  (Zo\'94l.),  one  of two or more South African drongo
   shrikes  (Edolius retifer, and E. remifer), believed by the natives to
   be  connected  with  sorcery.  -- Devil may care, reckless, defiant of
   authority;  --  used adjectively. Longfellow. -- Devil's apron (Bot.),
   the  large  kelp  (Laminaria  saccharina,  and  L. longicruris) of the
   Atlantic ocean, having a blackish, leathery expansion, shaped somewhat
   like  an  apron.  -- Devil's coachhorse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The black rove
   beetle  (Ocypus  olens).  [Eng.]  (b) A large, predacious, hemipterous
   insect  (Prionotus  cristatus);  the  wheel  bug.  [U.S.]  --  Devil's
   darning-needle.  (Zo\'94l.)  See under Darn, v. t. -- Devil's fingers,
   Devil's   hand  (Zo\'94l.),  the  common  British  starfish  (Asterias
   rubens); -- also applied to a sponge with stout branches. [Prov. Eng.,
   Irish & Scot.] -- Devil's riding-horse (Zo\'94l.), the American mantis
   (Mantis  Carolina). -- The Devil's tattoo, a drumming with the fingers
   or  feet.  "Jack  played  the Devil's tattoo on the door with his boot
   heels."  F.  Hardman  (Blackw. Mag.). -- Devil worship, worship of the
   power  of  evil; -- still practiced by barbarians who believe that the
   good and evil forces of nature are of equal power. -- Printer's devil,
   the  youngest  apprentice  in  a printing office, who runs on errands,
   does  dirty  work  (as  washing  the  ink  rollers and sweeping), etc.
   "Without  fearing  the  printer's  devil  or  the  sheriff's officer."
   Macaulay.  --  Tasmanian  devil  (Zo\'94l.), a very savage carnivorous
   marsupial  of  Tasmania  (Dasyurus,  OR Diabolus, ursinus). -- To play
   devil with, to molest extremely; to ruin. [Low]


   Dev"il  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Deviled (?) or Devilled; p. pr. & vb.
   n. Deviling (?) or Devilling.]

   1. To make like a devil; to invest with the character of a devil.

   2.  To grill with Cayenne pepper; to season highly in cooking, as with

     A deviled leg of turkey. W. Irving.

   <--  deviled  egg  a  hard-boiled egg, sliced into halves and with the
   yolk removed and replaced with a paste, usually made from the yolk and
   mayonnaise, seasoned with salt and/or spices such as paprika. -->

                            Devil-diver, Devil bird

   Dev"il-div`er  (?), Dev"il bird` (, n.. (Zo\'94l.) A small water bird.
   See Dabchick.


   Dev"il*ess (?), n. A she-devil. [R.] Sterne.


   Dev"il*et (?), n. A little devil. [R.] Barham.


   Dev"il*fish`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) A huge ray (Manta birostris OR
   Cephaloptera  vampyrus)  of  the  Gulf of Mexico and Southern Atlantic
   coasts.  Several  other  related  species  take  the  same  name.  See
   Cephaloptera.  (b)  A  large  cephalopod,  especially  the  very large
   species  of  Octopus and Architeuthis. See Octopus. (c) The gray whale
   of  the  Pacific  coast.  See  Gray whale. (d) The goosefish or angler
   (Lophius), and other allied fishes. See Angler.


   Dev"il*ing, n. A young devil. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Dev"il*ish, a.

   1.  Resembling,  characteristic  of,  or  pertaining  to,  the  devil;
   diabolical;  wicked  in  the  extreme.  "Devilish  wickedness." Sir P.

     This  wisdom  descendeth  not  from above, but is earthly, sensual,
     devilish. James iii. 15.

   2. Extreme; excessive. [Colloq.] Dryden. Syn. -- Diabolical; infernal;
   hellish;  satanic;  wicked;  malicious;  detestable;  destructive.  --
   Dev"il*ish*ly, adv. -- Dev"il*ish*ness, n.


   Dev"il*ism  (?),  n.  The state of the devil or of devils; doctrine of
   the devil or of devils. Bp. Hall.


   Dev"il*ize (?), v. t. To make a devil of. [R.]

     He  that  should deify a saint, should wrong him as much as he that
     should devilize him. Bp. Hall.


   Dev"il*kin (?), n. A little devil; a devilet.


   Dev"il*ment (?), n. Deviltry. Bp. Warburton.


   Dev"il*ry (?), n.; pl. Devilries (.

   1. Conduct suitable to the devil; extreme wickedness; deviltry.

     Stark lies and devilry. Sir T. More.

   2. The whole body of evil spirits. Tylor.

                            Devil's darning-needle

   Dev"il's  darn"ing-nee`dle.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  dragon  fly.  See  Darning
   needle, under Darn, v. t.


   Dev"il*ship,  n.  The  character  or  person  of a devil or the devil.


   Dev"il*try  (?),  n.;  pl. Deviltries (. Diabolical conduct; malignant
   mischief; devilry. C. Reade.


   Dev"il*wood`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A kind of tree (Osmanthus Americanus),
   allied to the European olive.


   De"vi*ous (?), a. [L. devius; de + via way. See Viaduct.]

   1.  Out  of  a  straight line; winding; varying from directness; as, a
   devious path or way.

   2.  Going  out  of  the  right or common course; going astray; erring;
   wandering;  as,  a  devious step. Syn. -- Wandering; roving; rambling;
   vagrant. -- De"vi*ous*ly, adv. -- De"vi*ous*ness, n.


   De*vir"gin*ate  (?),  a.  [L.  devirginatus,  p.  p.  of devirginare.]
   Deprived of virginity. [R.]


   De*vir"gin*ate  (?),  v.  t. To deprive of virginity; to deflour. [R.]


   De*vir`gi*na"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  devirginatio.]  A  deflouring.  [R.]


   De*vis"a*ble (?), a. [From Devise.]

   1. Capable of being devised, invented, or contrived.

   2. Capable of being bequeathed, or given by will.


   De*vis"al (?), n. A devising. Whitney.


   De*vise"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Devised (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Devising.]  [OF.  deviser to distribute, regulate, direct, relate, F.,
   to  chat,  fr. L. divisus divided, distributed, p. p. of dividere. See
   Divide, and cf. Device.]

   1.  To form in the mind by new combinations of ideas, new applications
   of  principles,  or new arrangement of parts; to formulate by thought;
   to  contrive;  to  excogitate;  to  invent; to plan; to scheme; as, to
   devise  an  engine,  a  new  mode of writing, a plan of defense, or an

     To devise curious works. Ex. CCTV. 32.

     Devising schemes to realize his ambitious views. Bancroft.

   2. To plan or scheme for; to purpose to obtain.

     For  wisdom is most riches; fools therefore They are which fortunes
     do by vows devise. Spenser.

   3. To say; to relate; to describe. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   4. To imagine; to guess. [Obs.] Spenser.

   5.  (Law)  To give by will; -- used of real estate; formerly, also, of
   chattels. Syn. -- To bequeath; invent; discover; contrive; excogitate;
   imagine; plan; scheme. See Bequeath.


   De*vise",  v.  i.  To  form  a  scheme; to lay a plan; to contrive; to

     I thought, devised, and Pallas heard my prayer. Pope.

     NOTE: &hand; De vise was formerly followed by of; as, let us devise
     of ease.



   De*vise"  (?),  n.  [OF.  devise  division,  deliberation, wish, will,
   testament. See Device.]

   1. The act of giving or disposing of real estate by will; -- sometimes
   improperly applied to a bequest of personal estate.

   2.  A  will  or testament, conveying real estate; the clause of a will
   making a gift of real property.

     Fines upon devises were still exacted. Bancroft.

   3. Property devised, or given by will.


   De*vise" (?), n. Device. See Device. [Obs.]


   Dev`i*see"  (?), n. (Law) One to whom a devise is made, or real estate
   given by will.


   De*vis"er (?), n. One who devises.


   De*vis"or (?), n. (Law) One who devises, or gives real estate by will;
   a testator; -- correlative to devisee.


   Dev"i*ta*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  devitare  to  avoid; de + vitare to shun,
   avoid.] Avoidable. [Obs.]


   De*vi"tal*ize   (?),  v.  t.  To  deprive  of  life  or  vitality.  --
   De*vi`tal*i*za"tion (#), n.


   Dev`i*ta"tion (?), n. [L. devitatio.] An avoiding or escaping; also, a
   warning. [Obs.] Bailey.


   De*vit`ri*fi*ca"tion  (?),  n.  The act or process of devitrifying, or
   the state of being devitrified. Specifically, the conversion of molten
   glassy  matter into a stony mass by slow cooling, the result being the
   formation of crystallites, microbites, etc., in the glassy base, which
   are then called devitrification products.


   De*vit"ri*fy  (?),  v.  t.  To deprive of glasslike character; to take
   away vitreous luster and transparency from.


   De*vo"cal*ize  (?),  v.  t.  To  make  toneless;  to  deprive of vowel
   quality. -- De*vo`cal*i*za"tion, n.

     If  we  take  a  high  vowel,  such as (i) [= nearly i of bit], and
     devocalize  it,  we obtain a hiss which is quite distinct enough to
     stand for a weak (jh). H. Sweet.


   Dev`o*ca"tion (?), n. [L. devocare to call off or away; de + vocare to
   call.] A calling off or away. [R.] Hallywell.


   De*void"   (?),   v.  t.  [OE.  devoiden  to  leave,  OF.  desvuidier,
   desvoidier, to empty out. See Void.] To empty out; to remove.


   De*void", a. [See Devoid, v. t.]

   1. Void; empty; vacant. [Obs.] Spenser.

   2.  Destitute;  not  in  possession;  -- with of; as, devoid of sense;
   devoid of pity or of pride.


   De*voir"  (?),  n.  [F., fr. L. debere to owe. See Due.] Duty; service
   owed;  hence,  due  act  of civility or respect; -- now usually in the
   plural;  as,  they  paid  their  devoirs  to  the ladies. "Do now your
   devoid, young knights!" Chaucer.


   Dev"o*lute (?), v. t. [L. devolutus, p. p. of devolvere. See Devolve.]
   To devolve. [Obs.] Foxe.


   Dev`o*lu"tion (?), n. [LL. devolutio: cf. F. d\'82volution.]

   1. The act of rolling down. [R.]

     The devolution of earth down upon the valleys. Woodward.

   2.  Transference  from  one  person to another; a passing or devolving
   upon a successor.

     The  devolution  of  the  crown  through  a . . . channel known and
     conformable to old constitutional requisitions. De Quincey.


   De*volve"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Devolved (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Devolving.]  [L.  devolvere,  devolutum, to roll down; de + volvere to
   roll down; de + volvere to roll. See Voluble.]

   1. To roll onward or downward; to pass on.

     Every  headlong  stream  Devolves  its  winding waters to the main.

     Devolved his rounded periods. Tennyson.

   2.  To  transfer  from one person to another; to deliver over; to hand
   down; -- generally with upon, sometimes with to or into.

     They  devolved  a  considerable  share  of  their  power upon their
     favorite. Burke.

     They  devolved  their whole authority into the hands of the council
     of sixty. Addison.


   De*volve",  v.  i. To pass by transmission or succession; to be handed
   over or down; -- generally with on or upon, sometimes with to or into;
   as, after the general fell, the command devolved upon (or on) the next
   officer in rank.

     His estate . . . devolved to Lord Somerville. Johnson.


   De*volve"ment (?), n. The act or process of devolving;; devolution.


   De"von  (?),  n.  One  of  a  breed of hardy cattle originating in the
   country  of Devon, England. Those of pure blood have a deep red color.
   The  small,  longhorned variety, called North Devons, is distinguished
   by the superiority of its working oxen.


   De*vo"ni*an (?), a. (Geol.) Of or pertaining to Devon or Devonshire in
   England;  as,  the  Devonian  rocks,  period,  or system. Devonian age
   (Geol.),  the age next older than the Carboniferous and later than the
   Silurian; -- called also the Age of fishes. The various strata of this
   age  compose the Devonian formation or system, and include the old red
   sandstone  of Great Britain. They contain, besides plants and numerous
   invertebrates,  the  bony portions of many large and remarkable fishes
   of extinct groups. See the Diagram under Geology.
   De*vo"ni*an, n. The Devonian age or formation.
   Dev`o*ra"tion   (?),  n.  [L.  devoratio.  See  Devour.]  The  act  of
   devouring. [Obs.] Holinshed.
   De*vo"ta*ry (?), n. [See Devote, Votary.] A votary. [Obs.] J. Gregory.

   De*vote"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Devoted; p. pr. & vb. n. Devoting.]
   [L.  devotus,  p. p. of devovere; de + vovere to vow. See Vow, and cf.
   Devout, Devow.]

   1. To appropriate by vow; to set apart or dedicate by a solemn act; to
   consecrate;  also, to consign over; to doom; to evil; to devote one to
   destruction; the city was devoted to the flames.

     No  devoted thing that a man shall devote unto the Lord . . . shall
     be sold or redeemed. Lev. xxvii. 28.

   2. To execrate; to curse. [Obs.]

   3.  To give up wholly; to addict; to direct the attention of wholly or
   compound;  to attach; -- often with a reflexive pronoun; as, to devote
   one's self to science, to one's friends, to piety, etc.

   Page 404

     Thy servant who is devoted to thy fear. Ps. cxix. 38.

     They devoted themselves unto all wickedness. Grew.

     A  leafless  and  simple  branch  .  .  . devoted to the purpose of
     climbing. Gray.

   Syn. -- To addict; apply; dedicate; consecrate; resign; destine; doom;
   consign. See Addict.


   De*vote" (?), a. [L. devotus, p. p.] Devoted; addicted; devout. [Obs.]


   De*vote", n. A devotee. [Obs.] Sir E. Sandys.


   De*vot"ed,  a.  Consecrated  to a purpose; strongly attached; zealous;
   devout;   as,   a   devoted   admirer.   --   De*vot"ed*ly,   adv.  --
   De*vot"ed*ness, n.


   Dev`o*tee"  (?),  n. One who is wholly devoted; esp., one given wholly
   to  religion; one who is superstitiously given to religious duties and
   ceremonies; a bigot.

     While  Father  Le Blanc was very devout he was not a devotee. A. S.


   De*vote"ment  (?),  n.  The  state of being devoted, or set apart by a
   vow. [R.] Bp. Hurd.


   De*vot"er (?), n. One who devotes; a worshiper.


   De*vo"tion (?), n. [F. d\'82votion, L. devotio.]

   1. The act of devoting; consecration.

   2.  The  state  of being devoted; addiction; eager inclination; strong
   attachment  love  or  affection; zeal; especially, feelings toward God
   appropriately expressed by acts of worship; devoutness.

     Genius animated by a fervent spirit of devotion. Macaulay.

   3.   Act   of  devotedness  or  devoutness;  manifestation  of  strong
   attachment;  act  of  worship;  prayer. "The love of public devotion."

   4. Disposal; power of disposal. [Obs.]

     They  are  entirely at our devotion, and may be turned backward and
     forward, as we please. Godwin.

   5. A thing consecrated; an object of devotion. [R.]

     Churches  and  altars,  priests and all devotions, Tumbled together
     into rude chaos. Beau. & Fl.

   Days  of  devotion.  See  under Day. Syn. -- Consecration; devoutness;
   religiousness; piety; attachment; devotedness; ardor; earnestness.


   De*vo"tion*al  (?), a. [L. devotionalis.] Pertaining to, suited to, or
   used  in,  devotion; as, a devotional posture; devotional exercises; a
   devotional frame of mind.

                          Devotionalist, Devotionist

   De*vo"tion*al*ist,  De*vo"tion*ist,  n. One given to devotion, esp. to
   excessive formal devotion.


   De*vo`tion*al"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  practice  of a devotionalist. A. H.


   De*vo"tion*al*ly (?), adv. In a devotional manner; toward devotion.


   De*vo"to (?), n. [It.] A devotee. Dr. J. Scott.


   De*vo"tor  (?),  n.  [L.]  A  worshiper; one given to devotion. [Obs.]
   Beau. & Fl.


   De*vour"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Devoured (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Devouring.]  [F.  d\'82vorer,  fr.  L.  devorare;  de  + vorare to eat
   greedily, swallow up. See Voracious.]

   1.  To  eat  up  with greediness; to consume ravenously; to feast upon
   like a wild beast or a glutton; to prey upon.

     Some evil beast hath devoured him. Gen. xxxvii. 20.

   2.  To  seize  upon and destroy or appropriate greedily, selfishly, or
   wantonly;  to  consume;  to  swallow  up;  to  use  up;  to  waste; to

     Famine and pestilence shall devour him. Ezek. vii. 15.

     I waste my life and do my days devour. Spenser.

   3.  To  enjoy  with  avidity; to appropriate or take in eagerly by the

     Longing  they  look,  and gaping at the sight, Devour her o'er with
     vast delight. Dryden.

   Syn. -- To consume; waste; destroy; annihilate.


   De*vour"a*ble (?), a. That may be devoured.


   De*vour"er (?), n. One who, or that which, devours.


   De*vour"ing*ly, adv. In a devouring manner.


   De*vout"  (?),  a.  [OE.  devot,  devout, F. d\'82vot, from L. devotus
   devoted, p. p. of devovere. See Devote, v. t.]

   1.  Devoted  to religion or to religious feelings and duties; absorbed
   in religious exercises; given to devotion; pious; reverent; religious.

     A devout man, and one that feared God. Acts x. 2.

     We must be constant and devout in the worship of God. Rogers.

   2.  Expressing  devotion  or  piety;  as, eyes devout; sighs devout; a
   devout posture. Milton.

   3.  Warmly  devoted;  hearty;  sincere; earnest; as, devout wishes for
   one's welfare.
   The devout, devoutly religious persons, those who are sincerely pious.
   Syn.  --  Holy;  pure; religious; prayerful; pious; earnest; reverent;
   solemn; sincere.


   De*vout", n.

   1. A devotee. [Obs.] Sheldon.

   2.  A  devotional  composition,  or  part  of a composition; devotion.
   [Obs.] Milton.


   De*vout"ful (?), a.

   1. Full of devotion. [R.]

   2. Sacred. [R.]

     To take her from austerer check of parents, To make her his by most
     devoutful rights. Marston.


   De*vout"less,  a.  Destitute  of devotion. -- De*vout"less*ly, adv. --
   De*vout"less*ness, n.


   De*vout"ly, adv.

   1. In a devout and reverent manner; with devout emotions; piously.

     Cast her fair eyes to heaven and prayed devoutly. Shak.

   2. Sincerely; solemnly; earnestly.

     'T is a consummation Devoutly to be wished. Shak.


   De*vout"ness, n. Quality or state of being devout.


   De*vove" (?), v. t. [See Devote, v. t.] To devote. [Obs.] Cowley.


   De*vow" (?), v. t. [F. d\'82vouer, L. devovere. See Devote, v. t.]

   1. To give up; to devote. [Obs.]

   2.  [Cf. OF. desvoer. Cf. Disavow.] To disavow; to disclaim. [Obs.] G.


   De*vul"gar*ize  (?),  v.  t.  To  free from what is vulgar, common, or

     Shakespeare and Plutarch's "Lives" are very devulgarizing books. E.
     A. Abbott.


   Dew  (?),  n.  [AS.  de\'a0w;  akin  to  D.  dauw, G. thau, tau, Icel.
   d\'94gg,  Sw.  dagg,  Dan.  dug;  cf. Skr. dhav, dh\'bev, to flow. Dag

   1.  Moisture  from  the atmosphere condensed by cool bodies upon their
   surfaces, particularly at night.

     Her tears fell with the dews at even. Tennyson.

   2.  Figuratively,  anything  which  falls  lightly and in a refreshing
   manner. "The golden dew of sleep." Shak.

   3.  An  emblem  of  morning,  or  fresh vigor. "The dew of his youth."

     NOTE: &hand; De w is  us ed in  co mbination; as , de w-bespangled,
     dew-drenched, dewdrop, etc.


   Dew,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Dewed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dewing.] To wet
   with dew or as with dew; to bedew; to moisten; as with dew.

     The  grasses  grew  A little ranker since they dewed them so. A. B.


   Dew, a. & n. Same as Due, or Duty. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Dew"ber`ry  (?), n. (Bot.) (a) The fruit of certain species of bramble
   (Rubus);  in  England, the fruit of R. c\'91sius, which has a glaucous
   bloom;  in  America, that of R. canadensis and R. hispidus, species of
   low blackberries. (b) The plant which bears the fruit.

     Feed him with apricots and dewberries. Shak.


   Dew"claw`  (?), n. In any animal, esp. of the Herbivora, a rudimentary
   claw or small hoof not reaching the ground.

     Some cut off the dewclaws [of greyhounds]. J. H. Walsh.


   Dew"drop` (?), n. A drop of dew. Shak.


   Dew"fall`  (?),  n.  The  falling  of dew; the time when dew begins to


   Dew"i*ness (?), n. State of being dewy.


   Dew"lap` (?), n. [Dew + lap to lick.]

   1. The pendulous skin under the neck of an ox, which laps or licks the
   dew in grazing.

   2.  The  flesh  upon  the  human  throat,  especially  when  with age.

     On her withered dewlap pour the ale. Shak.


   Dew"lapped` (?), a. Furnished with a dewlap.


   Dew"less, a. Having no dew. Tennyson.


   Dew"-point`  (?),  n. (Meteor.) The temperature at which dew begins to
   form. It varies with the humidity and temperature of the atmosphere.


   Dew"ret`  (?),  v.  t. [Dew + ret, v. t.] To ret or rot by the process
   called dewretting.


   Dew"ret`ting,  n.  Dewrotting;  the  process  of decomposing the gummy
   matter of flax and hemp and setting the fibrous part, by exposure on a
   sward to dew, rain, and sunshine.


   Dew"rot` (?), v. t. To rot, as flax or hemp, by exposure to rain, dew,
   and sun. See Dewretting.


   Dew"worm` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Earthworm.


   Dew"y (?), a.

   1. Pertaining to dew; resembling, consisting of, or moist with, dew.

     A dewy mist Went and watered all the ground. Milton.

     When dewy eve her curtain draws. Keble.

   2. Falling gently and beneficently, like the dew.

     Dewy sleep ambrosial. Cowper.

   3.  (Bot.)  Resembling  a dew-covered surface; appearing as if covered
   with dew.


   Dex"ter  (?),  a.  [L.,;  akin  to Gr. dakshi (cf. daksh to be strong,
   suit); Goth. taihswa, OHG. zeso. Cf. Dexterous.]

   1. Pertaining to, or situated on, the right hand; right, as opposed to
   sinister, or left.

     On sounding wings a dexter eagle flew. Pope.

   2. (Her.) On the right-hand side of a shield, i. e., towards the right
   hand  of  its  wearer.  To  a  spectator  in  front, as in a pictorial
   representation, this would be the left side.
   Dexter  chief,  OR  Dexter  point  (Her.), a point in the dexter upper
   corner of the shield, being in the dexter extremity of the chief, as A
   in  the  cut. -- Dexter base, a point in the dexter lower part or base
   of the shield, as B in the cut.


   Dex*ter"i*cal (?), a. Dexterous. [Obs.]


   Dex*ter"i*ty   (?),   n.   [L.   dexteritas,   fr.   dexter:   cf.  F.
   dext\'82rit\'82. See Dexter.]

   1. Right-handedness.

   2.  Readiness  and grace in physical activity; skill and ease in using
   the hands; expertness in manual acts; as, dexterity with the chisel.

     In youth quick bearing and dexterity. Shak.

   3. Readiness in the use or control of the mental powers; quickness and
   skill in managing any complicated or difficult affair; adroitness.

     His  wisdom  .  .  .  was  turned . . . into a dexterity to deliver
     himself. Bacon.

     He  had  conducted  his  own  defense  with  singular  boldness and
     dexterity. Hallam.

   Syn.   --   Adroitness;   activity;   nimbleness;  expertness;  skill;
   cleverness;  art; ability; address; tact; facility; aptness; aptitude;
   faculty. See Skill.


   Dex"ter*ous (?), a. [L. dexter. See Dexter.] [Written also dextrous.]

   1.  Ready  and  expert  in the use of the body and limbs; skillful and
   active with the hands; handy; ready; as, a dexterous hand; a dexterous

   2. Skillful in contrivance; quick at inventing expedients; expert; as,
   a dexterous manager.

     Dexterous the craving, fawning crowd to quit. Pope.

   3.  Done  with  dexterity; skillful; artful; as, dexterous management.
   "Dexterous  sleights of hand." Trench. Syn. -- Adroit; active; expert;
   skillful; clever; able; ready; apt; handy; versed.


   Dex"ter*ous*ly (?), adv. In a dexterous manner; skillfully.


   Dex"ter*ous*ness, n. The quality of being dexterous; dexterity.


   Dex"trad  (?), adv. [L. dextra the right hand + ad to.] (Anat.) Toward
   the right side; dextrally.


   Dex"tral  (?),  a.  [From  Dexter.] Right, as opposed to sinistral, or
   left.  Dextral  shell  (Zo\'94l.),  a spiral shell the whorls of which
   turn  from  left  right, or like the hands of a watch when the apex of
   the spire is toward the eye of the observer.


   Dex*tral"i*ty (?), n. The state of being on the right-hand side; also,
   the quality of being right-handed; right-handedness. Sir T. Browne.


   Dex"tral*ly  (?)(adv.  Towards  the  right;  as,  the hands of a watch
   rotate dextrally.


   Dex*trer"  (?),  n. A war horse; a destrer. [Obs.] "By him baiteth his
   dextrer." Chaucer.


   Dex"trin  (?), n. [Cf. F. dextrine, G. dextrin. See Dexter.] (Chem.) A
   translucent,   gummy,   amorphous   substance,  nearly  tasteless  and
   odorless, used as a substitute for gum, for sizing, etc., and obtained
   from  starch  by  the  action  of  heat,  acids, or diastase. It is of
   somewhat  variable composition, containing several carbohydrates which
   change  easily  to their respective varieties of sugar. It is so named
   from  its  rotating  the plane of polarization to the right; -- called
   also   British   gum,   Alsace   gum,  gommelin,  leiocome,  etc.  See
   Achro\'94dextrin, and Erythrodextrin.


   Dex"tro-  (?).  A  prefix,  from L. dexter, meaning, pertaining to, or
   toward,  the  right; (Chem. & Opt.) having the property of turning the
   plane of polarized light to the right; as, dextrotartaric acid.


   Dex*trog"er*ous (?), a. (Physics & Chem.) See Dextrogyrate.


   Dex`tro*glu"cose`  (?),  n.  [Dextro-  +  glucose.]  (Chem.)  Same  as


   Dex`tro*gy"rate  (?),  a.  [Dextro-  + gyrate.] (Chem. & Opt.) Same as


   Dex*tron"ic  (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, dextrose;
   as, dextronic acid. Dextronic acid, a sirupy substance obtained by the
   partial oxidation of various carbohydrates, as dextrose, etc.


   Dex`tro*ro"ta*ry (?), a. (Physics & Chem.) See Dextrotatory.


   Dex`tro*ro"ta*to*ry  (?),  a.  [Dextro-  +  rotatory.]  (Chem. & Opt.)
   Turning,  or causing to turn, toward the right hand; esp., turning the
   plane  of  polarization  of  luminous  rays toward the right hand; as,
   dextrorotatory crystals, sugars, etc. Cf. Levorotatory.

                             Dextrorsal, Dextrorse

   Dex*tror"sal  (?),  Dex"trorse`  (?),  a.  [L.  dextrorsum, contr. fr.
   dextrovorsum,  dextroversum,  toward  the  right  side; dexter right +
   versus,  vorsus, p. p. of vertere, vortere, to turn.] Turning from the
   left to the right, in the ascending line, as in the spiral inclination
   of the stem of the common morning-gl\'a2ry.

     NOTE: &hand; At   pr  esent sc  ientists pr  edicate de xtrorse or 
     sinistrorse quality of the plant regarded objectively; formerly the
     plant  was  regarded subjectively, and what is now called dextrorse
     was then considered sinistrorse.


   Dex"trose`   (?),   n.  [See  Dexter.]  (Chem.)  A  sirupy,  or  white
   crystalline,  variety  of  sugar,  C6H12O6 (so called from turning the
   plane  of  polarization  to the right), occurring in many ripe fruits.
   Dextrose  and  levulose are obtained by the inversion of cane sugar or
   sucrose,  and  hence called invert sugar. Dextrose is chiefly obtained
   by  the  action  of  heat  and  acids on starch, and hence called also
   starch sugar. It is also formed from starchy food by the action of the
   amylolytic  ferments  of  saliva  and pancreatic juice.<-- called also
   glucose. -->

     NOTE: &hand; Th e so lid pr oducts ar e known to the trade as grape
     sugar;  the  sirupy products as glucose, or mixing sirup. These are
     harmless, but are only about half as sweet as cane or sucrose.

                 Dextrous, a., Dextrously, adv., Dextrousness

   Dex"trous  (?),  a.,  Dex"trous*ly,  adv.,  Dex"trous*ness, n. Same as
   Dexterous, Dexterously, etc.


   Dey  (?),  n.  [See  Dairy.]  A servant who has charge of the dairy; a
   dairymaid. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Dey  (?),  n.;  pl.  Deys (#). [Turk. d\'bei, orig., a maternal uncle,
   then  a  friendly  title  formerly given to middle-aged or old people,
   especially among the Janizaries; and hence, in Algiers, consecrated at
   length  to the commanding officer of that corps, who frequently became
   afterward  pasha  or  regent  of  that  province;  hence  the European
   misnomer  of  dey, as applied to the latter: cf. F. dey.] The governor
   of Algiers; -- so called before the French conquest in 1830.


   Deye (?), v. i. To die. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                Deynte, Deyntee

   Deyn"te, Deyn"tee (?), n. & a. See Dainty. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   De*zinc`i*fi*ca"tion  (?), n. The act or process of freeing from zinc;
   also, the condition resulting from the removal of zinc.


   De*zinc"i*fy  (?),  v.  t. [Pref. de- + zinc + -fy.] To deprive of, or
   free from, zinc.


   Dhole (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A fierce, wild dog (Canis Dukhunensis), found
   in the mountains of India. It is remarkable for its propensity to hunt
   the tiger and other wild animals in packs.


   Dho"ny (?), n. A Ceylonese boat. See Doni.

   Page 405

                          Dhoorra, Dhourra, OR Dhurra

   Dhoor"ra, Dhour"ra, OR Dhur"ra (, n. Indian millet. See Durra.


   Dhow  (?),  n. [Ar. d\'beo?] A coasting vessel of Arabia, East Africa,
   and the Indian Ocean. It has generally but one mast and a lateen sail.
   [Also written dow.]


   Di- (?). [Gr. bis twice. See Two, and cf. Bi-, Dia-. The L. pref. dis-
   sometimes  assumes  the  form  di-.  See  Dis-.]  A prefix, signifying
   twofold,  double, twice; (Chem.) denoting two atoms, radicals, groups,
   or equivalents, as the case may be. See Bi-,


                                   Dia-, Di-

   Di"a- (?), Di-. [Gr. Two, and cf. 1st Di-.] A prefix denoting through;
   also,  between,  apart,  asunder,  across. Before a vowel dia- becomes
   di-; as, diactinic; dielectric, etc.


   Di"a*base  (?),  n. [F. diabase, fr. Gr. (Min.) A basic, dark-colored,
   holocrystalline,  igneous  rock, consisting essentially of a triclinic
   feldspar  and  pyroxene  with magnetic iron; -- often limited to rocks
   pretertiary  in  age.  It  includes  part  of  what  was  early called


   Di*ab`a*te"ri*al (?), a. [Gr. Diabase.] Passing over the borders. [R.]


   Di`a*be"tes (?), n. [NL., from Gr. Diabase.] (Med.) A disease which is
   attended  with  a  persistent,  excessive  discharge  of  urine.  Most
   frequently  the  urine is not only increased in quantity, but contains
   saccharine  matter,  in  which  case  the  disease is generally fatal.
   Diabetes  mellitus  [NL.,  sweet  diabetes],  that form of diabetes in
   which  the urine contains saccharine matter. -- \'dhDiabetes insipidus
   [NL.,  lit.,  diabetes],  the  form  of  diabetes  in  which the urine
   contains no abnormal constituent.

                             Diabetic, Diabetical

   Di`a*bet"ic  (?),  Di`a*bet"ic*al  (?), a. Pertaining to diabetes; as,
   diabetic  or diabetical treatment. Quian. Diabetic sugar. (Chem.) Same
   as Dextrose.

                              Diablerie, Diabley

   Dia`ble*rie"  (?), Di*ab"le*y (?), n. [F. diablerie, fr. diable devil,
   L. diabolus. See Devil.] Devilry; sorcery or incantation; a diabolical
   deed; mischief.

                             Diabolic, Diabolical

   Di`a*bol"ic   (?),   Di`a*bol"ic*al   (?),   a.  [L.  diabolicus,  Gr.
   diabolique.  See  Devil.]  Pertaining  to  the  devil;  resembling, or
   appropriate,   or  appropriate  to,  the  devil;  devilish;  infernal;
   impious;  atrocious; nefarious; outrageously wicked; as, a diabolic or
   diabolical  temper  or  act. "Diabolic power." Milton. "The diabolical
   institution."     Motley.     --     Di`a*bol"ic*al*ly,     adv.    --
   Di`a*bol"ic*al*ness, n.


   Di`a*bol"i*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  diabolus  devil  + -fy.] To ascribed
   diabolical  qualities to; to change into, or to represent as, a devil.
   [R.] Farindon.


   Di*ab"o*lism (?), n.

   1. Character, action, or principles appropriate to the devil.

   2. Possession by the devil. Bp. Warburton.


   Di*ab"o*lize (?), v. t. To render diabolical. [R.]


   Di`a*ca*thol"i*con  (?),  n.  [Pref.  dia-  +  catholicon.]  (Med.)  A
   universal remedy; -- name formerly to a purgative electuary.


   Di`a*caus"tic (?), a. [Pref. dia- + caustic.] (Opt.) Pertaining to, or
   possessing  the  properties  of, a species of caustic curves formed by
   refraction. See Caustic surface, under Caustic.


   Di`a*caus"tic, n.

   1.  (Med.) That which burns by refraction, as a double convex lens, or
   the  sun's  rays  concentrated  by  such  a  lens, sometimes used as a

   2. (Math.) A curved formed by the consecutive intersections of rays of
   light refracted through a lens.

                             Diachylon, Diachylum

   Di*ach"y*lon (?), Di*ach"y*lum (?), n. [NL. diachylum, fr. Gr. (Med. &
   Chem.)  A  plaster originally composed of the juices of several plants
   (whence  its  name),  but  now  made  of an oxide of lead and oil, and
   consisting  essentially  of  glycerin mixed with lead salts of the fat


   Di*ac"id  (?),  a.  [Pref. di- + acid.] (Chem.) Divalent; -- said of a
   base  or radical as capable of saturating two acid monad radicals or a
   dibasic acid. Cf. Dibasic, a., and Biacid.


   Di`a*co"di*um (?), n. [L., from Gr. A sirup made of poppies.


   Di*ac"o*nal  (?), a. [LL. diaconalis: cf. F. diaconal. Cf. Deacon.] Of
   or pertaining to a deacon.


   Di*ac"o*nate (?), n. [L. diaconatus: cf. F. diaconat.] The office of a
   deacon; deaconship; also, a body or board of deacons.


   Di*ac"o*nate, a. Governed by deacons. "Diaconate church." T. Goodwin.


   Di*ac"o*pe (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. (Gram.) Tmesis.


   Di`a*cous"tic  (?),  a.  [Pref.  di-  +  acoustic.]  Pertaining to the
   science or doctrine of refracted sounds.


   Di`a*cous"tics  (?),  n. [Cf. F. diacoustique.] That branch of natural
   philosophy  which  treats  of  the  properties of sound as affected by
   passing  through different mediums; -- called also diaphonics. See the
   Note under Acoustics.

                            Diacritic, Diacritical

   Di`a*crit"ic (?), Di`a*crit"ic*al (?), a. [Gr. Critic.] That separates
   or  distinguishes;  --  applied to points or marks used to distinguish
   letters  of  similar form, or different sounds of the same letter, as,
   \'be,  &acr;,  \'84,  &omac;, &ocr;, etc. "Diacritical points." Sir W.

     A  glance  at this typography will reveal great difficulties, which
     diacritical  marks necessarily throw in the way of both printer and
     writer. A. J. Ellis.


   Di`ac*tin"ic  (?),  a.  [Pref.  di-  +  actinic.] (Physics) Capable of
   transmitting  the  chemical  or  actinic  rays of light; as, diactinic


   Di`a*del"phi*a (?), n.; pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A Linn\'91an class of
   plants  whose  stamens  are united into two bodies or bundles by their

                           Diadelphian, Diadelphous

   Di`a*del"phi*an (?), Di`a*del"phous (?), a. [Cf. F. diadelphe.] (Bot.)
   Of  or  pertaining  to the class Diadelphia; having the stamens united
   into  two  bodies  by  their  filaments  (said  of a plant or flower);
   grouped into two bundles or sets by coalescence of the filaments (said
   of stamens).


   Di"a*dem (?), n. [F. diad\'8ame, L. diadema, fr. Gr. d\'be to bind.]

   1.  Originally,  an  ornamental  head  band or fillet, worn by Eastern
   monarchs  as  a  badge  of  royalty;  hence (later), also, a crown, in
   general. "The regal diadem." Milton.

   2.  Regal  power;  sovereignty; empire; -- considered as symbolized by
   the crown.

   3.  (Her.)  An  arch  rising from the rim of a crown (rarely also of a
   coronet), and uniting with others over its center.
   Diadem  lemur.  (Zo\'94l.) See Indri. -- Diadem spider (Zo\'94l.), the
   garden spider.


   Di"a*dem, v. t. To adorn with a diadem; to crown.

     Not so, when diadem'd with rays divine. Pope.

     To terminate the evil, To diadem the right. R. H. Neale.


   Di"a*drom  (?),  n.  [Gr.  A  complete  course  or  vibration; time of
   vibration, as of a pendulum. [Obs.] Locke.

                             Di\'91resis, Dieresis

   Di*\'91r"e*sis,  Di*er"e*sis (?; 277), n.; pl. Di\'91reses OR Diereses
   (#). [L. diaeresis, Gr. Heresy.]

   1.  (Gram.)  The separation or resolution of one syllable into two; --
   the opposite of syn\'91resis.

   2. A mark consisting of two dots [¨aut;], placed over the second of
   two  adjacent  vowels,  to  denote  that  they are to be pronounced as
   distinct letters; as, co\'94perate, a\'89rial.


   Di`\'91*ret"ic (?), a. [Gr. (Med.) Caustic. [Obs.]


   Di`a*ge`o*trop"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Bot.)  Relating to, or exhibiting,


   Di`a*ge*ot"ro*pism (?), n. (Bot.) The tendency of organs (as roots) of
   plants  to  assume  a  position  oblique  or transverse to a direction
   towards the center of the earth.


   Di"a*glyph (?), n. [Gr. An intaglio. Mollett.

                            Diaglyphic, Diaglyphtic

   Di`a*glyph"ic  (?),  Di`a*glyph"tic  (?),  a. Represented or formed by
   depressions  in  the  general  surface;  as,  diaglyphic  sculpture or
   engraving; -- opposed to anaglyphic.


   Di`ag*nose"   (?),   v.   t.  &  i.  To  ascertain  by  diagnosis;  to
   diagnosticate. See Diagnosticate.


   Di`ag*no"sis (?), n.; pl. Diagnoses (#). [NL., fr. Gr. Know.]

   1.  (Med.)  The art or act of recognizing the presence of disease from
   its  signs  or  symptoms,  and deciding as to its character; also, the
   decision arrived at.

   2.  Scientific  determination  of any kind; the concise description of
   characterization of a species.

   3.  Critical  perception or scrutiny; judgment based on such scrutiny;
   esp., perception pf, or judgment concerning, motives and character.

     The  quick eye for effects, the clear diagnosis of men's minds, and
     the love of epigram. Compton Reade.

     My diagnosis of his character proved correct. J. Payn.

   Differential diagnosis (Med.), the determination of the distinguishing
   characteristics as between two similar diseases or conditions.


   Di`ag*nos"tic   (?),   a.   [Gr.   diagnostique.]  Pertaining  to,  or
   furnishing, a diagnosis; indicating the nature of a disease.


   Di`ag*nos"tic, n. The mark or symptom by which one disease is known or
   distinguished from others.


   Di`ag*nos"ti*cate  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  [From  Diagnostic.]  To make a
   diagnosis of; to recognize by its symptoms, as a disease.


   Di`ag*nos"tics  (?),  n.  That  part  of medicine which has to do with
   ascertaining  the  nature  of  diseases  by means of their symptoms or

     His rare skill in diagnostics. Macaulay.


   Di`a*gom"e*ter  (?), n. [Gr. -meter.] A sort of electroscope, invented
   by  Rousseau,  in which the dry pile is employed to measure the amount
   of  electricity transmitted by different bodies, or to determine their
   conducting power. Nichol.


   Di*ag"o*nal  (?),  a.  [L. diagonalis, fr. Gr. knee: cf. F. diagonal.]
   (Geom.)  Joining  two  not  adjacent  angles  of  a  quadrilateral  or
   multilateral figure; running across from corner to corner; crossing at
   an  angle  with one of the sides. Diagonal bond (Masonry), herringbone
   work.  See  Herringbone, a. -- Diagonal built (Shipbuilding), built by
   forming  the  outer  skin  of two layers of planking, making angles of
   about 45 with the keel, in opposite directions. -- Diagonal cleavage.
   See  under  Cleavage. -- Diagonal molding (Arch.), a chevron or zigzag
   molding.  --  Diagonal  rib.  (Arch.)  See Cross-springer. -- Diagonal
   scale,  a  scale which consists of a set of parallel lines, with other
   lines  crossing  them  obliquely,  so that their intersections furnish
   smaller subdivisions of the unit of measure than could be conveniently
   marked  on  a plain scale. -- Diagonal stratification. (Geol.) Same as
   Cross bedding, under Cross, a.
   Di*ag"o*nal (?), n. 

   1.  A  right  line  drawn from one angle to another not adjacent, of a
   figure of four or more sides, and dividing it into two parts.

   2.  (Engin.) A member, in a framed structure, running obliquely across
   a panel.

   3.  A diagonal cloth; a kind of cloth having diagonal stripes, ridges,
   or welts made in the weaving.


   Di*ag"o*nal*ly, adv. In a diagonal direction.


   Di`a*go"ni*al  (?),  a.  Diagonal;  diametrical;  hence; diametrically
   opposed. [Obs.]

     Sin  can  have  no  tenure  by law at all, but is rather an eternal
     outlaw, and in hostility with law past all atonement; both diagonal
     contraries,  as much allowing one another as day and night together
     in one hemisphere. Milton.


   Di"a*gram (?), n. [Gr. diagramme. See Graphic.]

   1.  (Geom.)  A  figure  or  drawing made to illustrate a statement, or
   facilitate a demonstration; a plan.

   2. Any simple drawing made for mathematical or scientific purposes, or
   to  assist  a  verbal  explanation  which  refers  to it; a mechanical
   drawing, as distinguished from an artistical one.
   Indicator diagram. (Steam Engine) See Indicator card, under indicator


   Di"a*gram, v. t. To put into the form of a diagram.


   Di`a*gram*mat"ic  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to,  or  of  the  nature of, a
   diagram; showing by diagram. -- Di`a*gram*mat"ic*ly (#), adv.


   Di"a*graph (?), n. [Gr. diagraphe. See Diagram.] A drawing instrument,
   combining a protractor and scale.

                           Diagraphic, Diagraphical

   Di`a*graph"ic  (?),  Di`a*graph"ic*al  (?),  a. [Cf. F. diagraphique.]


   Di`a*graph"ics  (?),  n.  The  art  or science of descriptive drawing;
   especially, the art or science of drawing by mechanical appliances and
   mathematical rule.


   Di`a*he`li*o*trop"ic  (?), a. [Gr. (Bot.) Relating or, or manifesting,


   Di`a*he`li*ot"ro*pism  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A tendency of leaves or other
   organs  of  plants to have their dorsal surface faced towards the rays
   of light.


   Di"al (?), n. [LL. dialis daily, fr. L. dies day. See Deity.]

   1.  An instrument, formerly much used for showing the time of day from
   the shadow of a style or gnomon on a graduated arc or surface; esp., a
   sundial;  but there are lunar and astral dials. The style or gnomon is
   usually parallel to the earth's axis, but the dial plate may be either
   horizontal or vertical.

   2.  The  graduated  face  of  a timepiece, on which the time of day is
   shown by pointers or hands.

   3. A miner's compass.
   Dial  bird (Zo\'94l.), an Indian bird (Copsychus saularius), allied to
   the  European  robin. The name is also given to other related species.
   --  Dial  lock, a lock provided with one or more plates having numbers
   or  letters  upon  them.  These  plates  must be adjusted in a certain
   determined  way  before  the  lock can be operated. -- Dial plate, the
   plane  or  disk  of a dial or timepiece on which lines and figures for
   indicating the time are placed.


   Di"al,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Dialed (?) or Dialled; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Dialing or Dialling.]

   1. To measure with a dial.

     Hours of that true time which is dialed in heaven. Talfourd.

   2. (Mining) To survey with a dial. Raymond.


   Di"a*lect (?), n. [F. dialecte, L. dialectus, fr. Gr. Dialogue.]

   1.  Means  or  mode  of expressing thoughts; language; tongue; form of

     This  book  is  writ in such a dialect As may the minds of listless
     men affect. Bunyan. The universal dialect of the world. South.

   2.  The form of speech of a limited region or people, as distinguished
   from  ether  forms nearly related to it; a variety or subdivision of a
   language;  speech  characterized  by  local  peculiarities or specific
   circumstances;  as,  the  Ionic and Attic were dialects of Greece; the
   Yorkshire dialect; the dialect of the learned.

     In  the  midst  of this Babel of dialects there suddenly appeared a
     standard English language. Earle.

     [Charles V.] could address his subjects from every quarter in their
     native dialect. Prescott.

   Syn.  --  Language;  idiom; tongue; speech; phraseology. See Language,
   and Idiom.


   Di`a*lec"tal  (?),  a.  Relating  to  a  dialect;  dialectical;  as, a
   dialectical variant.


   Di`a*lec"tic (?), n. Same as Dialectics.

     Plato placed his dialectic above all sciences. Liddell & Scott.

                            Dialectic, Dialectical

   Di`a*lec"tic   (?),  Di`a*lec"tic*al  (?),  a.  [L.  dialecticus,  Gr.
   dialectique. See Dialect.]

   1. Pertaining to dialectics; logical; argumental.

   2. Pertaining to a dialect or to dialects. Earle.

   Page 406


   Di`a*lec"tic*al*ly (?), adv. In a dialectical manner.


   Di`a*lec*ti"cian   (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  dialecticien.]  One  versed  in
   dialectics; a logician; a reasoner.


   Di`a*lec"tics (?), n. [L. dialectica (sc. ars), Gr. dialectique.] That
   branch  of  logic  which teaches the rules and modes of reasoning; the
   application of logical principles to discursive reasoning; the science
   or art of discriminating truth from error; logical discussion.

     NOTE: &hand; Di alectics wa s defined by Aristotle to be the method
     of  arguing with probability on any given problem, and of defending
     a  tenet  without  inconsistency.  By  Plato,  it  was  used in the
     following senses:

     1. Discussion by dialogue as a method of scientific investigation.

     2. The method of investigating the truth by analysis.

     3.  The  science  of  ideas  or  of the nature and laws of being --
     higher  metaphysics.  By Kant, it was employed to signify the logic
     of  appearances  or illusions, whether these arise from accident or
     error, or from those necessary limitations which, according to this
     philosopher, originate in the constitution of the human intellect.


   Di`a*lec*tol"o*gy  (?), n. [Dialect + -logy.] That branch of philology
   which is devoted to the consideration of dialects. Beck.


   Di`a*lec"tor (?), n. One skilled in dialectics.


   Di"al*ing (?), n.

   1.  The  art  of  constructing  dials;  the  science  which  treats of
   measuring time by dials. [Written also dialling.]

   2.  A  method of surveying, especially in mines, in which the bearings
   of  the  courses,  or  the angles which they make with each other, are
   determined by means of the circumferentor.


   Di"al*ist, n. A maker of dials; one skilled in dialing.


   Di*al"la*ge  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Rhet.) A figure by which arguments
   are  placed  in  various points of view, and then turned to one point.


   Di"al*lage  (?;  277),  n.  [Gr. (Min.) A dark green or bronze-colored
   laminated variety of pyroxene, common in certain igneous rocks.


   Di"al*lel  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Meeting  and  intersecting,  as  lines; not
   parallel; -- opposed to parallel. [Obs.] Ash.


   Di*al"lyl  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A volatile, pungent, liquid hydrocarbon,
   C6H10,  consisting  of  two  allyl  radicals,  and  belonging  to  the
   acetylene series.


   Di`a*log"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Relating to a dialogue; dialogistical.


   Di`a*log"ic*al*ly,  adv.  In  the  manner  or  nature  of  a dialogue.


   Di*al"o*gism  (?),  n.  [Gr.  dialogisme.  See Dialogue.] An imaginary
   speech or discussion between two or more; dialogue. Fulke.


   Di*al"o*gist (?), n. [L. dialogista: cf. F. dialogiste.]

   1. A speaker in a dialogue.

   2. A writer of dialogues. P. Skelton.

                          Dialogistic, Dialogistical

   Di*al`o*gis"tic  (?),  Di*al`o*gis"tic*al (?), a. [Gr. Pertaining to a
   dialogue;   having   the   form   or   nature   of   a   dialogue.  --
   Di*al`o*gis"tic*al*ly, adv.


   Di*al"o*gite  (?),  n. [From Gr. (Min.) Native carbonate of manganese;


   Di*al"o*gize  (?),  v.  t. [Gr. dialogiser.] To discourse in dialogue.


   Di"a*logue  (?; 115), n. [OE. dialogue, L. dialogus, fr. Gr. dialogue.
   See Legend.]

   1.  A conversation between two or more persons; particularly, a formal
   conservation in theatrical performances or in scholastic exercises.

   2.  A written composition in which two or more persons are represented
   as conversing or reasoning on some topic; as, the Dialogues of Plato.


   Di"a*logue,  v.  i. [Cf. F. dialoguer.] To take part in a dialogue; to
   dialogize. [R.] Shak.


   Di"a*logue, v. t. To express as in dialogue. [R.]

     And dialogued for him what he would say. Shak.


   Di`al*y*pet"al*ous   (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Bot.)  Having  separate  petals;


   Di*al"y*sis (?), n.; pl. Dialyses (#). [L., separation, fr. Gr.

   1. (Gram.) Di\'91resis. See Di\'91resis,


   2. (Rhet.) Same as Asyndeton.

   3.  (Med.)  (a)  Debility.  (b)  A  solution  of continuity; division;
   separation of parts.

   4.  (Chem.)  The  separation  of  different substances in solution, as
   crystalloids  and  colloids,  by  means  of  their  unequal diffusion,
   especially through natural or artificial membranes.


   Di`a*lyt"ic (?), a. [Gr. Dialysis.] Having the quality of unloosing or
   separating.  Clarke.  Dialytic  telescope,  an achromatic telescope in
   which the colored dispersion produced by a single object lens of crown
   glass  is  corrected  by  a  smaller  concave  lens, or combination of
   lenses, of high dispersive power, placed at a distance in the narrower
   part  of  the  converging cone of rays, usually near the middle of the


   Di*al"y*zate (?), n. (Chem.) The material subjected to dialysis.


   Di`a*ly*za"tion (?), n. (Chem.) The act or process of dialysis.


   Di"a*lyze  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Dialyzed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Dialyzing.]  (Chem.)  To  separate, prepare, or obtain, by dialysis or
   osmose;  to  pass  through an animal membrane; to subject to dialysis.
   [Written also dialyse.]


   Di"a*lyzed  (?),  a. Prepared by diffusion through an animal membrane;
   as, dialyzed iron.


   Di"a*ly`zer  (?),  n. The instrument or medium used to effect chemical


   Di`a*mag"net  (?), n. [Pref. dia- + magnet.] A body having diamagnetic


   Di`a*mag*net"ic (?), a. Pertaining to, or exhibiting the phenomena of,
   diamagnetism;  taking,  or  being  of  a nature to take, a position at
   right  angles  to  the  lines  of  magnetic  force.  See Paramagnetic.
   Diamagnetic attraction. See under Attraction.


   Di`a*mag*net"ic,  n.  Any  substance,  as bismuth, glass, phosphorous,
   etc.,  which in a field of magnetic force is differently affected from
   the  ordinary magnetic bodies, as iron; that is, which tends to take a
   position  at  right  angles  to  the  lines  of magnetic force, and is
   repelled by either pole of the magnet.


   Di`a*mag*net"ic*al*ly  (?),  adv.  In  the manner of, or according to,


   Di`a*mag"net*ism (?), n.

   1.  The  science  which  treats  of  diamagnetic phenomena, and of the
   properties of diamagnetic bodies.

   2.  That  form  or  condition  of  magnetic action which characterizes


   Di`a*man*tif"er*ous  (?),  a. [F. diamant diamond + -ferous.] Yielding


   Di`a*man"tine (?), a. Adamantine. [Obs.]


   Di*am"e*ter (?), n. [F. diam\'8atre, L. diametros, fr. Gr. Meter.]

   1.  (Geom.)  (a) Any right line passing through the center of a figure
   or  body,  as  a  circle,  conic  section,  sphere,  cube,  etc.,  and
   terminated by the opposite boundaries; a straight line which bisects a
   system of parallel chords drawn in a curve. (b) A diametral plane.

   2.  The length of a straight line through the center of an object from
   side to side; width; thickness; as, the diameter of a tree or rock.

     NOTE: &hand; In  an  elongated object the diameter is usually taken
     at right angles to the longer axis.

   3.  (Arch.)  The  distance  through  the  lower part of the shaft of a
   column,  used  as  a  standard measure for all parts of the order. See
   Conjugate diameters. See under Conjugate.


   Di*am"e*tral  (?), a. [Gr. F. diam\'82tral.] Pertaining to a diameter;
   diametrical.  Diametral  curve, Diametral surface (Geom.), any line or
   surface  which bisects a system of parallel chords drawn in a curve or
   surface.  --  Diametral  planes (Crystal.), planes in which two of the
   axes lie.


   Di*am"e*tral, n. A diameter. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Di*am"e*tral*ly, adv. Diametrically.

                            Diametric, Diametrical

   Di*am"e*tric (?), Di*am"e*tric*al (?), a.

   1. Of or pertaining to a diameter.

   2.  As  remote  as  possible, as if at the opposite end of a diameter;
   directly adverse.


   Di*am"e*tric*al*ly,  adv.  In  a  diametrical  manner;  directly;  as,
   diametrically opposite.

     Whose principles were diametrically opposed to his. Macaulay.


   Di*am"ide  (?;  104),  n.  [Pref.  di-  + amide.] (Chem.) Any compound
   containing  two  amido groups united with one or more acid or negative
   radicals,  --  as  distinguished from a diamine. Cf. Amido acid, under
   Amido, and Acid amide, under Amide.


   Di*am"i*do- (, a. (Chem.) A prefix or combining form of Diamine.

     NOTE: [Also used adjectively.]


   Di*am"ine  (?;  104),  n.  [Pref.  di-  +  amine.]  (Chem.) A compound
   containing  two amido groups united with one or more basic or positive
   radicals, -- as contrasted with a diamide.

     NOTE: &hand; In  ch emical nomenclature, if any amine or diamine is
     named by prefixing the nitrogen group, the name of the latter takes
     the   form   of   amido,  diamido,  etc.,  thus  ethylene  diamine,
     C2H4.(NH2)2, is also called diamido-ethylene.


   Di"a*mond (?; 277), n. [OE. diamaund, diamaunt, F. diamant, corrupted,
   fr. L. adamas, the hardest iron, steel, diamond, Gr. Adamant, Tame.]

   1.  A precious stone or gem excelling in brilliancy and beautiful play
   of prismatic colors, and remarkable for extreme hardness.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e di amond is  native carbon in isometric crystals,
     often  octahedrons with rounded edges. It is usually colorless, but
     some  are  yellow,  green,  blue, and even black. It is the hardest
     substance  known.  The  diamond  as found in nature (called a rough
     diamond)  is  cut, for use in jewelry, into various forms with many
     reflecting  faces,  or  facets,  by  which  its  brilliancy is much
     increased.  See  Brilliant,  Rose.  Diamonds  are said to be of the
     first water when very transparent, and of the second or third water
     as the transparency decreases.

   2.  A geometrical figure, consisting of four equal straight lines, and
   having  two  of the interior angles acute and two obtuse; a rhombus; a

   3.  One  of  a  suit  of  playing  cards, stamped with the figure of a

   4.  (Arch.)  A pointed projection, like a four-sided pyramid, used for
   ornament in lines or groups.

   5. (Baseball) The infield; the square space, 90 feet on a side, having
   the bases at its angles.

   6. (Print.) The smallest kind of type in English printing, except that
   called brilliant, which is seldom seen.

     NOTE: \'b5 This line is printed in the type called Diamond.

   Black  diamond,  coal;  (Min.)  See Carbonado. -- Bristol diamond. See
   Bristol  stone,  under  Bristol. -- Diamond beetle (Zo\'94l.), a large
   South   American  weevil  (Entimus  imperialis),  remarkable  for  its
   splendid luster and colors, due to minute brilliant scales. -- Diamond
   bird (Zo\'94l.), a small Australian bird (Pardalotus punctatus, family
   Ampelid\'91.).  It  is  black,  with  white  spots.  --  Diamond drill
   (Engin.),  a  rod or tube the end of which is set with black diamonds;
   --  used  for perforating hard substances, esp. for boring in rock. --
   Diamond  finch (Zo\'94l.), a small Australian sparrow, often kept in a
   cage.  Its sides are black, with conspicuous white spots, and the rump
   is  bright  carmine.  --  Diamond  groove  (Iron Working), a groove of
   V-section  in  a roll. -- Diamond mortar (Chem.), a small steel mortar
   used for pulverizing hard substances. -- Diamond-point tool, a cutting
   tool  whose  point  is  diamond-shaped. -- Diamond snake (Zo\'94l.), a
   harmless  snake  of Australia (Morelia spilotes); the carpet snake. --
   Glazier's  diamond,  a  small  diamond  set  in  a glazier's tool, for
   cutting glass.


   Di"a*mond (?; 277), a. Resembling a diamond; made of, or abounding in,
   diamonds; as, a diamond chain; a diamond field.


   Di"a*mond-back`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  salt-marsh terrapin of the
   Atlantic coast (Malacoclemmys palustris).


   Di"a*mond*ed, a.

   1. Having figures like a diamond or lozenge.

   2. Adorned with diamonds; diamondized. Emerson.


   Di"a*mond*ize  (?),  v.  t. To set with diamonds; to adorn; to enrich.

     Diamondizing of your subject. B. Jonson.


   Di"a*mond-shaped` (?), a. Shaped like a diamond or rhombus.


   Di*am"y*lene   (?),  n.  [Pref.  di-  +  amylene.]  (Chem.)  A  liquid
   hydrocarbon,  C10H20,  of the ethylene series, regarded as a polymeric
   form of amylene.


   Di"an (?), a, Diana. [Poetic]


   Di*a"na  (?),  n.  [L.  Diana.]  (Myth.)  The  daughter of Jupiter and
   Latona;  a  virgin  goddess  who  presided over hunting, chastity, and
   marriage; -- identified with the Greek goddess Artemis.

     And chaste Diana haunts the forest shade. Pope.

   Diana  monkey  (Zo\'94l.),  a  handsome,  white-bearded monkey of West
   Africa (Cercopithecus Diana).


   Di*an"dri*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A Linn\'91an class of
   plants having two stamens.


   Di*an"dri*an (?), a. Diandrous.


   Di*an"drous  (?),  n. [Cf. F. diandre.] (Bot.) Of or pertaining to the
   class Diandria; having two stamens.


   Di*a"ni*um (?), n. [NL., fr. L. Diana; either as the name of the Roman
   goddess,  or from its use in OE. as a name of silver.] (Chem.) Same as
   Columbium. [Obs.]


   Di`a*no*et"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Metaph.)  Pertaining to the discursive
   faculty, its acts or products.

     I  would  employ  .  .  .  dianoetic to denote the operation of the
     discursive, elaborative, or comparative faculty. Sir W. Hamilton.


   Di`a*noi*al"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -logy.] The science of the dianoetic
   faculties, and their operations. Sir W. Hamilton.


   Di*an"thus  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A genus of plants containing
   some  of  the  most popular of cultivated flowers, including the pink,
   carnation, and Sweet William.


   Di"a*pase (?), n. Same as Diapason. [Obs.]

     A tuneful diapase of pleasures. Spenser.


   Di"a*pasm  (?),  n.  [L.  diapasma,  Gr.  diapasme.] Powdered aromatic
   herbs, sometimes made into little balls and strung together. [Obs.]


   Di`a*pa"son (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. i. e., diapason. Cf. Panacea.]

   1.  (Gr. Mus.) The octave, or interval which includes all the tones of
   the diatonic scale.

   2. Concord, as of notes an octave apart; harmony.

     The  fair  music that all creatures made . . . In perfect diapason.

   3. The entire compass of tones.

     Through  all  the compass of the notes it ran, The diapason closing
     full in man. Dryden.

   4. A standard of pitch; a tuning fork; as, the French normal diapason.

   5.  One  of  certain stops in the organ, so called because they extend
   through  the  scale  of  the instrument. They are of several kinds, as
   open diapason, stopped diapason, double diapason, and the like.


   Di`a*pe*de"sis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Med.)  The  passage of the
   corpuscular  elements  of  the  blood  from the blood vessels into the
   surrounding  tissues,  without  rupture  of  the  walls  of  the blood


   Di`a*pen"te (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. diapente.]

   1. (Anc. Mus.) The interval of the fifth.

   2. (Med.) A composition of five ingredients.


   Di"a*per  (?), n. [OF. diaspre, diapre, diaspe, sort of figured cloth,
   It.   diaspro   jasper,   diaspo   figured   cloth,  from  L.jaspis  a
   green-colored precious stone. See Jasper.]

   1.  Any textile fabric (esp. linen or cotton toweling) woven in diaper
   pattern. See 2.

   2.  (Fine  Arts)  Surface decoration of any sort which consists of the
   constant  repetition  of one or more simple figures or units of design
   evenly spaced.

   Page 407

   3. A towel or napkin for wiping the hands, etc.

     Let  one  attend  him  with  a silver basin, . . . Another bear the
     ewer, the third a diaper. Shak.

   4. An infant's breechcloth.


   Di"a*per (?), v. t.

   1.  To  ornament  with  figures,  etc., arranged in the pattern called
   diaper, as cloth in weaving. "Diapered light." H. Van Laun.

     Engarlanded and diapered With in wrought flowers. Tennyson.

   2. To put a diaper on (a child).


   Di"a*per,  v.  i.  To  draw flowers or figures, as upon cloth. "If you
   diaper on folds." Peacham.


   Di"a*per*ing, n. Same as Diaper, n.,



   Di"a*phane  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. diaphane diaphanous. See Diaphanous.] A
   woven silk stuff with transparent and colored figures; diaper work.


   Di"a*phaned  (?),  a.  [Cf.  OF.  diaphaner  to  make transparent. See
   Diaphanous.] Transparent or translucent. [R.]


   Di`a*pha*ne"i*ty  (?),  n. [Cf. F. diaphan\'82it\'82. See Diaphanous.]
   The quality of being diaphanous; transparency; pellucidness.


   Di`a*phan"ic (?), a. [See Diaphanous.] Having power to transmit light;
   transparent; diaphanous.


   Di*aph"a*nie (?), n. The art of imitating


   Di`a*pha*nom"e*ter  (?),  n. [Gr. -meter.] An instrument for measuring
   the transparency of the air.


   Di`a*phan"o*scope   (?),   n.  [Gr.  -scope.]  (Photog.)  A  dark  box
   constructed for viewing transparent pictures, with or without a lens.


   Di`a*phan"o*type  (?),  n. [Gr. -type.] (Photog.) A colored photograph
   produced by superimposing a translucent colored positive over a strong
   uncolored one.


   Di*aph"a*nous  (?),  a.  [Gr. diaphane. See Phantom, and cf. Diaphane,
   Diaphanic.]  Allowing light to pass through, as porcelain; translucent
   or transparent; pellucid; clear.

     Another  cloud  in the region of them, light enough to be fantastic
     and diaphanous. Landor.


   Di*aph"a*nous*ly, adv. Translucently.


   Di*aph`e*met"ric  (?),  a. [Gr. (Physiol.) Relating to the measurement
   of  the  tactile  sensibility  of  parts;  as, diaphemetric compasses.

                            Diaphonic, Diaphonical

   Di`a*phon"ic (?), Di`a*phon"ic*al (?), a. [Gr. Diacoustic.


   Di`a*phon"ics (?), n. The doctrine of refracted sound; diacoustics.


   Di`a*pho*re"sis  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr.  Gr.  (Med.)  Perspiration, or an
   increase of perspiration.

                          Diaphoretic, Diaphoretical

   Di`a*pho*ret"ic (?), Di`a*pho*ret"ic*al (?), a. [L. diaphoreticus, Gr.
   diaphor\'82tique.  See  Diaphoresis.]  Having  the  power  to increase


   Di`a*pho*ret"ic,   n.  (Med.)  A  medicine  or  agent  which  promotes

     NOTE: &hand; Di aphoretics di ffer from sudorifics; the former only
     increase   the  insensible  perspiration,  the  latter  excite  the
     sensible discharge called sweat.



   Di"a*phote  (?),  n.  [Pref. dia- + Gr. (Elec.) An instrument designed
   for transmitting pictures by telegraph. Fallows.


   Di"a*phragm  (?),  n.  [L.  diaphragma,  Gr.  fareire to stuff: cf. F.
   diaphragme. See Farce.]

   1.  A  dividing  membrane  or thin partition, commonly with an opening
   through it.

   2.  (Anat.) The muscular and tendinous partition separating the cavity
   of the chest from that of the abdomen; the midriff.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  A calcareous plate which divides the cavity of certain
   shells into two parts.

   4.  (Opt.)  A plate with an opening, which is generally circular, used
   in  instruments to cut off marginal portions of a beam of light, as at
   the focus of a telescope.

   5. (Mach.) A partition in any compartment, for various purposes.
   Diaphragm pump, one in which a flexible diaphragm takes the place of a


   Di`a*phrag*mat"ic  (?),  a.  [Cf. F. diaphragmatique.] Pertaining to a
   diaphragm;  as,  diaphragmatic respiration; the diaphragmatic arteries
   and nerves.


   Di*aph"y*sis (?), n. [Gr.

   1. (Bot.) An abnormal prolongation of the axis of inflorescence.

   2.  (Anat.)  The  shaft,  or  main  part,  of  a  bone, which is first


   Di`ap*no"ic (?), a. [Gr. diapno\'8bque.] (Med.) Slightly increasing an
   insensible   perspiration;   mildly   diaphoretic.   --  n.  A  gentle


   Di*ap`o*phys"ic*al (?), a. (Anat.) Pertaining to a diapophysis.


   Di`a*poph"y*sis  (?),  n.  [NL.  See Dia-, and Apophysis.] (Anat.) The
   dorsal transverse, or tubercular, process of a vertebra. See Vertebra.


   Di"arch*y (?), n. [Gr. A form of government in which the supreme power
   is vested in two persons.

                               Diarial, Diarian

   Di*a"ri*al (?), Di*a"ri*an (?), a. [See Diary.] Pertaining to a diary;


   Di"a*rist (?), n. One who keeps a diary.

                             Diarrhea, Diarrh\'91a

   Di`ar*rhe"a,   Di`ar*rh\'91"a,  n.  [L.  diarrhoea,  Gr.  stream.  See
   Stream.]  (Med.) A morbidly frequent and profuse discharge of loose or
   fluid  evacuations from the intestines, without tenesmus; a purging or
   looseness of the bowels; a flux.

    Diarrheal, Diarrh Di`ar*rhe"al, Di`ar*rh a. (Med.) Of or pertaining to
                           diarrhea; like diarrhea.

                           Diarrhetic, Diarrh\'91tic

   Di`ar*rhet"ic,  Di`ar*rh\'91t"ic (?), a. (Med.) Producing diarrhea, or
   a purging.


   Di`ar*thro"di*al  (?),  a. (Anat.) Relating to diarthrosis, or movable


   Di`ar*thro"sis  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.) A form of articulation
   which admits of considerable motion; a complete joint; abarticulation.
   See Articulation.


   Di"a*ry  (?),  n.;  pl.  Diaries  (#).  [L. diarium, fr. dies day. See
   Deity.]  A register of daily events or transactions; a daily record; a
   journal;  a  blank book dated for the record of daily memoranda; as, a
   diary of the weather; a physician's diary.


   Di"a*ry,  a.  lasting  for  one  day; as, a diary fever. [Obs.] "Diary
   ague." Bacon.


   Di"a*spore  (?),  n. [From Gr. diaspore.] (Min.) A hydrate of alumina,
   often occurring in white lamellar masses with brilliant pearly luster;
   --  so  named  on  account of its decrepitating when heated before the


   Di"a*stase  (?),  n. [Gr. diastase. Cf. Diastasis.] (Physiol. Chem.) A
   soluble, nitrogenous ferment, capable of converting starch and dextrin
   into sugar.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e name is more particularly applied to that ferment
     formed  during  the  germination  of  grain,  as  in the malting of
     barley;   but  it  is  also  occasionally  used  to  designate  the
     amylolytic ferment contained in animal fluids, as in the saliva.


   Di`a*sta"sic  (?),  a.  Pertaining to, or consisting of, diastase; as,
   diastasic ferment.


   Di*as"ta*sis  (?),  n. [NL. See Diastase.] (Surg.) A forcible of bones
   without fracture.


   Di`a*stat"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Diastase.]  (Physiol. Chem.) Relating to
   diastase;  having the properties of diastase; effecting the conversion
   of starch into sugar.

     The  influence  of  acids  and  alkalies on the diastatic action of
     saliva. Lauder Brunton.


   Di"a*stem  (?),  n.  [L.  diastema,  Gr. diast\'8ame.] (a) Intervening
   space; interval. (b) (Anc. Mus.) An interval.


   Di`a*ste"ma  (?), n. [L. See Diastem.] (Anat.) A vacant space, or gap,
   esp. between teeth in a jaw.


   Di*as"ter  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Biol.)  A  double  star; -- applied to the
   nucleus  of  a  cell,  when,  during  cell  division, the loops of the
   nuclear network separate into two groups, preparatory to the formation
   of two daughter nuclei. See Karyokinesis.


   Di*as"to*le (?), n. [L., fr. Gr.

   1.  (Physiol.) The rhythmical expansion or dilatation of the heart and
   arteries; -- correlative to systole, or contraction.

   2. (Gram.) A figure by which a syllable naturally short is made long.


   Di`as*tol"ic (?), a. (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to diastole.


   Di"a*style  (?),  n.  [L.  diastylus, Gr. diastyle.] (Arch.) See under


   Di`a*tes"sa*ron (?), n. [L., fr. Gr.

   1. (Anc. Mus.) The interval of a fourth.

   2.  (Theol.) A continuous narrative arranged from the first four books
   of the New Testament.

   3. An electuary compounded of four medicines.


   Di`a*ther"mal  (?),  a. [Gr. Diathermous.] Freely permeable by radiant

                         Diathermancy, Diathermaneity

   Di`a*ther"man*cy    (?),    Di`a*ther`ma*ne"i*ty    (?),    n.    [See
   Diathermanous.] The property of transmitting radiant heat; the quality
   of being diathermous. Melloni.


   Di`a*ther"ma*nism  (?),  n.  The  doctrine  or  the  phenomena  of the
   transmission of radiant heat. Nichol.


   Di`a*ther"ma*nous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Having the property of transmitting
   radiant heat; diathermal; -- opposed to athermanous.


   Di`a*ther"mic (?), a. Affording a free passage to heat; as, diathermic
   substances. Melloni.


   Di`a*ther*mom"e*ter (?), n. [Gr. -meter. See Diathermal.] (Physics) An
   instrument  for  examining  the  thermal resistance or heat-conducting
   power of liquids.


   Di`a*ther"mous (?), a. Same as Diathermal.


   Di*ath"e*sis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Med.)  Bodily  condition  or
   constitution,  esp.  a  morbid habit which predisposes to a particular
   disease, or class of diseases.


   Di`a*thet"ic  (?),  a.  Pertaining to, or dependent on, a diathesis or
   special constitution of the body; as, diathetic disease.


   Di"a*tom (?), n. [Gr. Diatomous.]

   1.  (Bot.)  One  of  the Diatomace\'91, a family of minute unicellular
   Alg\'91 having a siliceous covering of great delicacy, each individual
   multiplying  by  spontaneous  division.  By  some  authors diatoms are
   called Bacillari\'91, but this word is not in general use.

   2. A particle or atom endowed with the vital principle.

     The  individual  is nothing. He is no more than the diatom, the bit
     of protoplasm. Mrs. E. Lynn Linton.


   Di`a*tom"ic  (?),  a. [Pref. di- + atomic.] (Chem.) (a) Containing two
   atoms. (b) Having two replaceable atoms or radicals.


   Di*at"o*mous  (?),  a. [Gr. Diatom.] (Min.) Having a single, distinct,
   diagonal cleavage; -- said of crystals. Mohs.


   Di`a*ton"ic  (?),  a.  [L.  diatonicus,  diatonus, Gr. diatonique. See
   Tone.]  (Mus.)  Pertaining  to the scale of eight tones, the eighth of
   which  is  the  octave  of  the  first. Diatonic scale (Mus.), a scale
   consisting  of  eight  sounds  with  seven intervals, of which two are
   semitones  and five are whole tones; a modern major or minor scale, as
   distinguished from the chromatic scale.
   Di`a*ton"ic*al*ly (?), adv. In a diatonic manner. 


   Di"a*tribe (?; 277), n. [L. diatriba a learned discussion, Gr. terere,
   F.  trite:  cf.  F.  diatribe.]  A prolonged or exhaustive discussion;
   especially,  an acrimonious or invective harangue; a strain of abusive
   or railing language; a philippic.

     The ephemeral diatribe of a faction. John Morley.


   Di*at"ri*bist (?), n. One who makes a diatribe or diatribes.


   Di`a*try"ma  (?),  n.  [NL., from Gr. (Paleon.) An extinct eocene bird
   from New Mexico, larger than the ostrich.

                             Diazeuctic, Diazeutic

   Di`a*zeuc"tic  (?),  Di`a*zeu"tic  (?), a. [Gr. (Anc. Mus.) Disjoining
   two  fourths;  as, the diazeutic tone, which, like that from F to G in
   modern  music,  lay  between two fourths, and, being joined to either,
   made a fifth. [Obs.]


   Di*az"o-  (.  [Pref.  di-  + azo-] (Chem.) A combining form (also used
   adjectively),  meaning  pertaining  to,  or  derived from, a series of
   compounds  containing  a radical of two nitrogen atoms, united usually
   to an aromatic radical; as, diazo-benzene, C6H5.N2.OH.

     NOTE: &hand; Di azo co mpounds ar e in general unstable, but are of
     great  importance in recent organic chemistry. They are obtained by
     a partial reduction of the salts of certain amido compounds.

   Diazo reactions (Chem.), a series of reactions whereby diazo compounds
   are  employed in substitution. These reactions are of great importance
   in organic chemistry.


   Di*az"o*tize  (?),  v.  t.  (Chem.)  To  subject  to such reactions or
   processes  that  diazo  compounds,  or  their  derivatives,  shall  be
   produced by chemical exchange or substitution.


   Dib (?), v. i. To dip. [Prov. Eng.] Walton.


   Dib, n.

   1.  One  of  the  small  bones in the knee joints of sheep uniting the
   bones above and below the joints.

   2. pl. A child's game, played with dib bones.


   Di*ba"sic  (?),  a.  [Pref.  di-  +  basic.]  (Chem.)  Having two acid
   hydrogen  atoms  capable of replacement by basic atoms or radicals, in
   forming  salts;  bibasic;  --  said  of  acids, as oxalic or sulphuric
   acids. Cf. Diacid, Bibasic.

     NOTE: &hand; In  the case of certain acids dibasic and divalent are
     not  synonymous;  as,  tartaric  acid  is  tetravalent and dibasic,
     lactic acid is divalent but monobasic.


   Di`ba*sic"i*ty  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  The  property or condition of being


   Dib"ber (?), n. A dibble. Halliwell.


   Dib"ble  (?),  n. [See Dibble, v. i.] A pointed implement used to make
   holes in the ground in which no set out plants or to plant seeds.


   Dib"ble,  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Dibbled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dibbling
   (?).]  [Freq.  of Prov. E. dib, for dip to thrust in. See Dip.] To dib
   or dip frequently, as in angling. Walton.


   Dib"ble, v. t.

   1.  To plant with a dibble; to make holes in (soil) with a dibble, for

   2. To make holes or indentations in, as if with a dibble.

     The clayey soil around it was dibbled thick at the time by the tiny
     hoofs of sheep. H. Miller.


   Dib"bler  (?),  n.  One who, or that which, dibbles, or makes holes in
   the ground for seed.


   Di*bran`chi*a"ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An order of
   cephalopods  which  includes  those  with  two gills, an apparatus for
   emitting  an inky fluid, and either eight or ten cephalic arms bearing
   suckers or hooks, as the octopi and squids. See Cephalopoda.


   Di*bran"chi*ate  (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Having two gills. -- n. One of the

   Page 408


   Dibs  (?), n. A sweet preparation or treacle of grape juice, much used
   in the East. Johnston.


   Dib"stone`  (?;  110),  n.  A  pebble  used  in  a child's game called
   dibstones. Locke.


   Di*bu"tyl  (?),  n. [Pref. di- + butyl.] (Chem.) A liquid hydrocarbon,
   C8H18,  of  the  marsh-gas  series,  being one of several octanes, and
   consisting of two butyl radicals. Cf. Octane.


   Di*ca"cious (?), a. [L. dicax, dicacis, fr. dicere to say.] Talkative;
   pert; saucy. [Obs.]


   Di*cac"i*ty (?), n. [L. dicacitas: cf. F. dicacit\'82. See Dicacious.]
   Pertness; sauciness. [Obs.]


   Di*cal"cic  (?),  a. [Pref. di- + calcic.] (Chem.) Having two atoms or
   equivalents of calcium to the molecule.


   Di`car*bon"ic  (?),  a. [Pref. di- + carbonic.] (Chem.) Containing two
   carbon  residues,  or  two  carboxyl or radicals; as, oxalic acid is a
   dicarbonic acid.


   Di"cast  (?), n. [Gr. A functionary in ancient Athens answering nearly
   to the modern juryman.


   Di*cas"ter*y  (?), n. [Gr. Dicast.] A court of justice; judgment hall.
   [R.] J. S. Mill.


   Dice (?), n.; pl. of Die. Small cubes used in gaming or in determining
   by  chance;  also, the game played with dice. See Die, n. Dice coal, a
   kind  of coal easily splitting into cubical fragments. Brande & C. <--
   Illustr. of Dice. -->


   Dice, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Diced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dicing.]

   1. To play games with dice.

     I . . . diced not above seven times a week. Shak.

   2. To ornament with squares, diamonds, or cubes.


   Dice"box`  (?),  n.  A  box  from  which  dice  are  thrown in gaming.


   Di*cen"tra  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A genus of herbaceous plants,
   with  racemes  of  two-spurred  or heart-shaped flowers, including the
   Dutchman's   breeches,   and   the   more  showy  Bleeding  heart  (D.
   spectabilis). [Corruptly written dielytra.]


   Di*ceph"a*lous   (?),   a.   [Gr.   Having  two  heads  on  one  body;


   Di"cer (?), n. A player at dice; a dice player; a gamester.

     As false as dicers' oaths. Shak.


   Dich (?), v. i. To ditch. [Obs.]


   Di*chas"tic (?), a. [Gr. (Biol.) Capable of subdividing spontaneously.


   Di`chla*myd"e*ous  (?),  a.  [Gr. (Bot.) Having two coverings, a calyx
   and in corolla.


   Di*chlo"ride   (?),  n.  [Pref.  di-  +  chloride.]  (Chem.)  Same  as


   Di*chog"a*mous (?), a. (Bot.) Manifesting dichogamy.


   Di*chog"a*my  (?),  n. [Gr. (Bot.) The condition of certain species of
   plants,  in which the stamens and pistil do not mature simultaneously,
   so that these plants can never fertilize themselves.


   Di*chot"o*mist (?), n. One who dichotomizes. Bacon.


   Di*chot"o*mize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dichotomized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Dichotomizing (?).] [See Dichotomous.]

   1.  To  cut into two parts; to part into two divisions; to divide into
   pairs; to bisect. [R.]

     The apostolical benediction dichotomizes all good things into grace
     and peace. Bp. Hall.

   2. (Astron.) To exhibit as a half disk. See Dichotomy,

   3. "[The moon] was dichotomized." Whewell.


   Di*chot"o*mize,   v.   i.  To  separate  into  two  parts;  to  branch
   dichotomously; to become dichotomous.


   Di*chot"o*mous (?), a. [L. dichotomos, Gr. Regularly dividing by pairs
   from bottom to top; as, a dichotomous stem. -- Di*chot"o*mous*ly, adv.


   Di*chot"o*my (?), n. [Gr. dichotomie. See Dichotomous.]

   1. A cutting in two; a division.

     A general breach or dichotomy with their church. Sir T. Browne.

   2.  Division or distribution of genera into two species; division into
   two subordinate parts.

   3.  (Astron.)  That phase of the moon in which it appears bisected, or
   shows only half its disk, as at the quadratures.

   4.  (Biol.)  Successive  division  and  subdivision, as of a stem of a
   plant  or  a  vein of the body, into two parts as it proceeds from its
   origin; successive bifurcation.

   5. The place where a stem or vein is forked.

   6. (Logic) Division into two; especially, the division of a class into
   two subclasses opposed to each other by contradiction, as the division
   of the term man into white and not white.


   Di*chro"ic  (?), a. [See Dichroism.] Having the property of dichroism;
   as, a dichroic crystal.


   Di*chro"i*scope (?), n. Same as Dichroscope.


   Di"chro*ism  (?),  n. [Gr. (Opt.) The property of presenting different
   colors  by transmitted light, when viewed in two different directions,
   the colors being unlike in the direction of unlike or unequal axes.


   Di"chro*ite  (?), n. [See Dichroism.] (Min.) Iolite; -- so called from
   its  presenting  two  different  colors  when  viewed in two different
   directions. See Iolite.


   Di`chro*it"ic (?), a. Dichroic.


   Di*chro"mate  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A salt of chromic acid containing two
   equivalents  of  the  acid  radical to one of the base; -- called also


   Di`chro*mat"ic (?), a. [Pref. di- + chromatic: cf. Gr.

   1. Having or exhibiting two colors.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having two color varieties, or two phases differing in
   color, independently of age or sex, as in certain birds and insects.


   Di*chro"ma*tism (?), n. The state of being dichromatic.


   Di*chro"mic  (?),  a. [Gr. Furnishing or giving two colors; -- said of
   defective vision, in which all the compound colors are resolvable into
   two elements instead of three. Sir J. Herschel.


   Di"chro*ous (?), a. Dichroic.


   Di"chro*scope  (?),  n. [Gr. An instrument for examining the dichroism
   of crystals.


   Di`chro*scop"ic   (?),   a.  Pertaining  to  the  dichroscope,  or  to
   observations with it.


   Di"cing (?), n.

   1. An ornamenting in squares or cubes.

   2. Gambling with dice. J. R. Green.


   Dick*cis"sel  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) The American black-throated bunting
   (Spiza Americana).


   Dick"ens  (?),  n.  OR interj. [Perh. a contr. of the dim. devilkins.]
   The devil. [A vulgar euphemism.]

     I can not tell what the dickens his name is. Shak.


   Dick"er (?), n. [Also daker, dakir; akin to Icel. dekr, Dan. deger, G.
   decher;  all  prob. from LL. dacra, dacrum, the number ten, akin to L.
   decuria a division consisting of ten, fr. decem ten. See Ten.]

   1.  The  number or quantity of ten, particularly ten hides or skins; a
   dakir; as, a dicker of gloves. [Obs.]

     A dicker of cowhides. Heywood.

   2.  A  chaffering,  barter, or exchange, of small wares; as, to make a
   dicker. [U.S.]

     For peddling dicker, not for honest sales. Whittier.


   Dick"er, v. i. & t. To negotiate a dicker; to barter. [U.S.] "Ready to
   dicker. and to swap." Cooper.

                                 Dickey, Dicky

   Dick"ey, Dick"y (?), n.

   1. A seat behind a carriage, for a servant.

   2. A false shirt front or bosom.

   3. A gentleman's shirt collar. [Local, U. S.]


   Di*clin"ic  (?), a. [Gr. (Crystallog.) Having two of the intersections
   between the three axes oblique. See Crystallization.


   Dic"li*nous  (?),  a.  [Gr. Having the stamens and pistils in separate
   flowers. Gray.


   Di*coc"cous  (?),  a. [Gr. (Bot.) Composed pf two coherent, one-seeded
   carpels; as, a dicoccous capsule.


   Di*cot`y*le"don  (?), n. [Pref. di- + cotyledon.] (Bot.) A plant whose
   seeds divide into two seed lobes, or cotyledons, in germinating.


   Di*cot`y*le"don*ous  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Having  two  cotyledons or seed
   lobes; as, a dicotyledonous plant.

                              Dicrotal, Dicrotous

   Di"cro*tal (?), Di"cro*tous (?), a. [Gr. Dicrotic.


   Di*crot"ic  (?), a. [Gr. (Physiol.) (a) Of or pertaining to dicrotism;
   as,  a dicrotic pulse. (b) Of or pertaining to the second expansion of
   the artery in the dicrotic pulse; as, the dicrotic wave.


   Di"cro*tism  (?),  n.  (Physiol.)  A  condition in which there are two
   beats or waves of the arterial pulse to each beat of the heart.


   Dic"ta (?), n. pl. [L.] See Dictum.


   Dic*ta"men  (?),  n.  [LL.,  fr.  dictare  to dictate.] A dictation or
   dictate. [R.] Falkland.


   Dic*tam"nus  (?),  n.  [L.  See  Dittany.]  (Bot.) A suffrutescent, D.
   Fraxinella  (the only species), with strong perfume and showy flowers.
   The volatile oil of the leaves is highly inflammable.


   Dic"tate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Dictated;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Dictating.]  [L.  dictatus,  p. p. of dictare, freq. of dicere to say.
   See Diction, and cf. Dight.]

   1.  To  tell  or  utter so that another may write down; to inspire; to
   compose; as, to dictate a letter to an amanuensis.

     The mind which dictated the Iliad. Wayland.

     Pages dictated by the Holy Spirit. Macaulay.

   2.  To  say;  to  utter; to communicate authoritatively; to deliver (a
   command)  to  a subordinate; to declare with authority; to impose; as,
   to  dictate  the  terms  of a treaty; a general dictates orders to his

     Whatsoever is dictated to us by God must be believed. Watts.

   Syn.  --  To  suggest;  prescribe;  enjoin;  command; point out; urge;


   Dic"tate, v. i.

   1. To speak as a superior; to command; to impose conditions (on).

     Who presumed to dictate to the sovereign. Macaulay.

   2. To compose literary works; to tell what shall be written or said by

     Sylla  could  not  skill  of letters, and therefore knew not how to
     dictate. Bacon.


   Dic"tate  (?),  n.  [L.  dictatum.  See  Dictate,  v.  t.] A statement
   delivered  with authority; an order; a command; an authoritative rule,
   principle,  or  maxim;  a  prescription; as, listen to the dictates of
   your conscience; the dictates of the gospel.

     I credit what the Grecian dictates say. Prior.

   Syn.   --   Command;   injunction;   direction   suggestion;  impulse;


   Dic*ta"tion (?), n. [L. dictatio.]

   1. The act of dictating; the act or practice of prescribing; also that
   which is dictated.

     It affords security against the dictation of laws. Paley.

   2. The speaking to, or the giving orders to, in an overbearing manner;
   authoritative utterance; as, his habit, even with friends, was that of


   Dic*ta"tor (?), n. [L.]

   1.   One   who   dictates;   one   who  prescribes  rules  and  maxims
   authoritatively for the direction of others. Locke.

   2.  One  invested  with  absolute  authority; especially, a magistrate
   created in times of exigence and distress, and invested with unlimited

     Invested with the authority of a dictator, nay, of a pope, over our
     language. Macaulay.


   Dic`ta*to"ri*al (?), a. [Cf. F. dictatorial.]

   1. Pertaining or suited to a dictator; absolute.

     Military powers quite dictatorial. W. Irving.

   2.  Characteristic  of a dictator; imperious; dogmatical; overbearing;
   as,  a  dictatorial  tone  or  manner.  -- Dic`ta*to"ri*al*ly, adv. --
   Dic`ta*to"ri*al*ness, n.


   Dic`ta*to"ri*an (?), a. Dictatorial. [Obs.]


   Dic*ta"tor*ship  (?),  n.  The  office,  or  the  term of office, of a
   dictator; hence, absolute power.


   Dic"ta*to*ry   (?),  a.  [L.  dictatorius.]  Dogmatical;  overbearing;
   dictatorial. Milton.


   Dic*ta"tress (?), n. A woman who dictates or commands.

     Earth's chief dictatress, ocean's mighty queen. Byron.


   Dic*ta"trix (?), n. [L.] A dictatress.


   Dic*ta"ture (?; 135), n. [L. dictatura: cf. F. dictature.] Office of a
   dictator; dictatorship. [R.] Bacon.


   Dic"tion  (?),  n.  [L. dicto a saying, a word, fr. dicere, dictum, to
   say;  akin  to  dicare  to  proclaim,  and  to E. teach, token: cf. F.
   diction.  See  Teach, and cf. Benison, Dedicate, Index, Judge, Preach,
   Vengeance.]   Choice  of  words  for  the  expression  of  ideas;  the
   construction, disposition, and application of words in discourse, with
   regard  to  clearness,  accuracy,  variety,  etc.; mode of expression;
   language; as, the diction of Chaucer's poems.

     His  diction  blazes  up  into  a  sudden  explosion  of  prophetic
     grandeur. De Quincey.

   Syn.  --  Diction,  Style, Phraseology. Style relates both to language
   and thought; diction, to language only; phraseology, to the mechanical
   structure  of  sentences,  or  the mode in which they are phrased. The
   style of Burke was enriched with all the higher graces of composition;
   his  diction  was  varied  and copious; his phraseology, at times, was
   careless  and  cumbersome. "Diction is a general term applicable alike
   to  a  single  sentence or a connected composition. Errors in grammar,
   false  construction,  a  confused disposition of words, or an improper
   application  of  them,  constitute  bad diction; but the niceties, the
   elegancies,  the peculiarities, and the beauties of composition, which
   mark  the  genius  and  talent of the writer, are what is comprehended
   under the name of style." Crabb.


   Dic`tion*al"ri*an (?), n. A lexicographer. [R.]


   Dic"tion*a*ry (?), n.; pl. Dictionaries (#). [Cf. F. dictionnaire. See

   1. A book containing the words of a language, arranged alphabetically,
   with  explanations  of  their  meanings;  a  lexicon;  a vocabulary; a

     I applied myself to the perusal of our writers; and noting whatever
     might  be  of  use  to  ascertain or illustrate any word or phrase,
     accumulated in time the materials of a dictionary. Johnson.

   2.  Hence,  a  book  containing  the  words belonging to any system or
   province  of  knowledge,  arranged alphabetically; as, a dictionary of
   medicine or of botany; a biographical dictionary.


   Dic"tum  (?),  n.;  pl.  L.  Dicta (#), E. Dictums (#). [L., neuter of
   dictus, p. p. of dicere to say. See Diction, and cf. Ditto.]

   1. An authoritative statement; a dogmatic saying; an apothegm.

     A class of critical dicta everywhere current. M. Arnold.

   2.  (Law) (a) A judicial opinion expressed by judges on points that do
   not  necessarily  arise  in  the case, and are not involved in it. (b)
   (French  Law)  The  report of a judgment made by one of the judges who
   has given it. Bouvier. (c) An arbitrament or award.


   Dic*ty"o*gen (?), n. [Gr. -gen.] (Bot.) A plant with netveined leaves,
   and  monocotyledonous  embryos,  belonging to the class Dictyogen\'91,
   proposed  by  Lindley  for  the  orders  Dioscoreace\'91, Smilace\'91,
   Trilliace\'91, etc.


   Di*cy"a*nide  (?),  n. [Pref. di- + cyanogen.] (Chem.) A compound of a
   binary type containing two cyanogen groups or radicals; -- called also


   Di`cy*e"ma*ta  (?),  n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An order of worms
   parasitic   in  cephalopods.  They  are  remarkable  for  the  extreme
   simplicity of their structure. The embryo exists in two forms.


   Di`cy*e"mid  (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Like or belonging to the Dicyemata. --
   n. One of the Dicyemata.

   Page 409


   Di*cyn"o*dont  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Paleon.)  One  of  a  group of extinct
   reptiles  having  the jaws armed with a horny beak, as in turtles, and
   in  the  genus  Dicynodon,  supporting  also a pair of powerful tusks.
   Their remains are found in triassic strata of South Africa and India.


   Did (?), imp. of Do.

                             Didactic, Didactical

   Di*dac"tic  (?),  Di*dac"tic*al  (?),  a. [Gr. docere to teach: cf. F.
   didactique.  See  Docile.]  Fitted  or  intended  to  teach; conveying
   instruction;  preceptive; instructive; teaching some moral lesson; as,
   didactic essays. "Didactical writings." Jer. Taylor.

     The finest didactic poem in any language. Macaulay.


   Di*dac"tic, n. A treatise on teaching or education. [Obs.] Milton.


   Di*dac"tic*al*ly, adv. In a didactic manner.


   Di*dac"ti*cism (?), n. The didactic method or system.


   Di`dac*tic"i*ty (?), n. Aptitude for teaching. Hare.


   Di*dac"tics (?), n. The art or science of teaching.


   Di*dac"tyl  (?),  n. [Gr. didactyle.] (Zo\'94l.) An animal having only
   two digits.


   Di*dac"tyl*ous (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Having only two digits; two-toed.


   Di"dal (?), n. A kind of triangular spade. [Obs.]


   Di"dap`per  (?),  n.  [For  divedapper.  See  Dive,  Dap, Dip, and cf.
   Dabchick.] (Zo\'94l.) See Dabchick.


   Di*das"ca*lar (?), a. Didascalic. [R.]


   Di`das*cal"ic  (?),  a.  [L. didascalius, Gr. didascalique.] Didactic;
   preceptive. [R.] Prior.


   Did"dle  (?),  v.  i.  [Cf. Daddle.] To totter, as a child in walking.
   [Obs.] Quarles.


   Did"dle, v. t. [Perh. from AS. dyderian to deceive, the letter r being
   changed to l.] To cheat or overreach. [Colloq.] Beaconsfield.


   Did"dler  (?),  n. A cheat. [Colloq.] Jeremy Diddler, a character in a
   play by James Kenney, entitled "Raising the wind." The name is applied
   to any needy, tricky, constant borrower; a confidence man.


   Di*del"phi*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The subclass of
   Mammalia which includes the marsupials. See Marsupialia.


   Di*del"phi*an  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or relating to the Didelphia. --
   n. One of the Didelphia.


   Di*del"phic  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having  the  uterus  double;  of or
   pertaining to the Didelphia.


   Di*del"phid (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Didelphic.


   Di*del"phid, n. (Zo\'94l.) A marsupial animal.


   Di*del"phous (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Didelphic.


   Di*del"phyc (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Didelphic.


   Di*del"phous  (?),  n.  [NL.  See Didelphia.] (Zo\'94l.) Formerly, any
   marsupial;  but  the term is now restricted to an American genus which
   includes  the  opossums, of which there are many species. See Opossum.
   [Written also Didelphis.] See Illustration in Appendix. Cuvier.


   Di"dine  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Like or pertaining to the genus Didus, or
   the dodo.


   Di"do  (?), n.; pl. Didos (. A shrewd trick; an antic; a caper. To cut
   a dido, to play a trick; to cut a caper; -- perhaps so called from the
   trick  of  Dido, who having bought so much land as a hide would cover,
   is  said to have cut it into thin strips long enough to inclose a spot
   for a citadel.


   Di*do"ni*a  (?),  n. [NL. So called in allusion to the classical story
   of  Dido  and  the  bull's  hide.]  (Geom.) The curve which on a given
   surface and with a given perimeter contains the greatest area. Tait.

                              Didrachm, Didrachma

   Di"drachm  (?),  Di*drach"ma  (?),  n.  [Gr.  A  two-drachma piece; an
   ancient Greek silver coin, worth nearly forty cents.


   Didst (?), the 2d pers. sing. imp. of Do.


   Di*duce"ment (?), n. Diduction; separation into distinct parts. Bacon.


   Di*duc"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  diductio,  fr. diducere, diductum, to draw
   apart;  di-  = dis- + ducere to lead, draw.] The act of drawing apart;


   Di"dym (?), n. (Chem.) See Didymium.


   Di*dym"i*um  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Chem.) A rare metallic substance
   usually  associated  with  the metal cerium; -- hence its name. It was
   formerly  supposed  to  be  an  element,  but  has since been found to
   consist   of   two   simpler   elementary  substances,  neodymium  and
   praseodymium. See Neodymium, and Praseodymium.


   Did"y*mous (?), a. [Gr. (Bot.) Growing in pairs or twins.


   Did`y*na"mi*a  (?),  n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A Linn\'91an class of
   plants having four stamens disposed in pairs of unequal length.


   Did`y*na"mi*an (?), a. Didynamous.


   Di*dyn"a*mous  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Of  or  pertaining  to the Didynamia;
   containing four stamens disposed in pairs of unequal length.


   Die  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Died (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dying.] [OE.
   deyen,  dien,  of Scand. origin; cf. Icel. deyja; akin to Dan. d\'94e,
   Sw.  d\'94,  Goth. diwan (cf. Goth. afd to harass), OFries. d to kill,
   OS. doian to die, OHG. touwen, OSlav. daviti to choke, Lith. dovyti to
   torment. Cf. Dead, Death.]

   1.  To  pass from an animate to a lifeless state; to cease to live; to
   suffer  a total and irreparable loss of action of the vital functions;
   to  become  dead;  to  expire;  to  perish;  --  said  of  animals and
   vegetables;  often with of, by, with, from, and rarely for, before the
   cause or occasion of death; as, to die of disease or hardships; to die
   by fire or the sword; to die with horror at the thought.

     To die by the roadside of grief and hunger. Macaulay.

     She will die from want of care. Tennyson.

   2. To suffer death; to lose life.

     In due time Christ died for the ungodly. Rom. v. 6.

   3. To perish in any manner; to cease; to become lost or extinct; to be

     Letting the secret die within his own breast. Spectator.

     Great deeds can not die. Tennyson.

   4.   To   sink;  to  faint;  to  pine;  to  languish,  with  weakness,
   discouragement, love, etc.

     His heart died within, and he became as a stone. 1 Sam. xxv. 37.

     The  young  men  acknowledged,  in love letters, that they died for
     Rebecca. Tatler.

   5.  To  become  indifferent;  to  cease  to  be subject; as, to die to
   pleasure or to sin.

   6.  To recede and grow fainter; to become imperceptible; to vanish; --
   often with out or away.

     Blemishes  may  die  away  and  disappear  amidst  the  brightness.

   7.  (Arch.)  To  disappear  gradually  in  another  surface,  as where
   moldings are lost in a sloped or curved face.

   8. To become vapid, flat, or spiritless, as liquor.
   To  die  in  the  last  ditch, to fight till death; to die rather than

     "There  is one certain way," replied the Prince [William of Orange]
     "  by which I can be sure never to see my country's ruin, -- I will
     die in the last ditch." Hume (Hist. of Eng. ).

   --  To  die  out,  to cease gradually; as, the prejudice has died out.
   Syn. -- To expire; decease; perish; depart; vanish.


   Die,  n.;  pl.  in 1 and (usually) in 2, Dice (d\'c6s); in 4 & 5, Dies
   (d\'c6z).  [OE.  dee, die, F. d\'82, fr. L. datus given, thrown, p. p.
   of dare to give, throw. See Date a point of time.]

   1.  A  small cube, marked on its faces with spots from one to six, and
   used in playing games by being shaken in a box and thrown from it. See

   2. Any small cubical or square body.

     Words . . . pasted upon little flat tablets or dies. Watts.

   3.  That  which  is,  or  might be, determined, by a throw of the die;
   hazard; chance.

     Such is the die of war. Spenser.

   4.  (Arch.) That part of a pedestal included between base and cornice;
   the dado.

   5. (Mach.) (a) A metal or plate (often one of a pair) so cut or shaped
   as  to  give  a certain desired form to, or impress any desired device
   on,  an  object  or surface, by pressure or by a blow; used in forging
   metals, coining, striking up sheet metal, etc. (b) A perforated block,
   commonly  of  hardened  steel  used  in  connection  with a punch, for
   punching  holes,  as  through  plates,  or  blanks from plates, or for
   forming  cups  or  capsules,  as  from  sheet metal, by drawing. (c) A
   hollow  internally  threaded  screw-cutting tool, made in one piece or
   composed  of  several parts, for forming screw threads on bolts, etc.;
   one of the separate parts which make up such a tool.
   Cutting  die (Mech.), a thin, deep steel frame, sharpened to a cutting
   edge, for cutting out articles from leather, cloth, paper, etc. -- The
   die  is cast, the hazard must be run; the step is taken, and it is too
   late to draw back; the last chance is taken.


   Di*e"cian  (?),  a.,  Di*e"cious,/hw> (, a. (Bot.) See Di\'d2cian, and


   Di*e"dral (?), a. The same as Dihedral.


   Di`e*ge"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. A narrative or history; a recital or


   Di`e*lec"tric  (?),  n. [Pref. dia- + electric.] (Elec.) Any substance
   or  medium  that  transmits  the electric force by a process different
   from  conduction,  as  in  the phenomena of induction; a nonconductor.
   separating  a  body  electrified  by  induction, from the electrifying


   Di*el"y*tra (?), n. (Bot.) See Dicentra.


   Di`en*ceph"a*lon  (?),  n. [NL. See Dia-, and Encephalon.] (Anat.) The
   interbrain  or thalamencephalon; -- sometimes abbreviated to dien. See


   Di*er"e*sis (?), n. [NL.] Same as Di\'91resis.


   Die"sink`er  (?),  n.  An engraver of dies for stamping coins, medals,


   Die"sink`ing, n. The process of engraving dies.


   Di"e*sis (?), n.; pl. Dieses (#). [NL., fr. Gr.

   1. (Mus.) A small interval, less than any in actual practice, but used
   in the mathematical calculation of intervals.

   2. (Print.) The mark &ddagr;; -- called also double dagger.

                                  Dies Ir\'91

   Di"es I"r\'91 (?). Day of wrath; -- the name and beginning of a famous
   medi\'91val Latin hymn on the Last Judgment.

                                Dies juridicus

   Di"es ju*rid"i*cus (?); pl. Dies juridici (#). [L.] (Law) A court day.

                                   Dies non

   Di"es  non"  (?). [L. dies non juridicus.] (Law) A day on which courts
   are not held, as Sunday or any legal holiday.


   Die"stock` (?), n. A stock to hold the dies used for cutting screws.


   Di"et (?), n. [F. di\'8ate, L. diaeta, fr. Gr.

   1.   Course  of  living  or  nourishment;  what  is  eaten  and  drunk
   habitually; food; victuals; fare. "No inconvenient diet." Milton.

   2.  A  course of food selected with reference to a particular state of
   health; prescribed allowance of food; regimen prescribed.

     To fast like one that takes diet. Shak.

   Diet  kitchen,  a  kitchen  in  which diet is prepared for invalids; a
   charitable establishment that provides proper food for the sick poor.


   Di"et, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dieted; p. pr. & vb. n. Dieting.]

   1. To cause to take food; to feed. [R.] Shak.

   2.  To  cause  to  eat and drink sparingly, or by prescribed rules; to
   regulate medicinally the food of.

     She diets him with fasting every day. Spenser.


   Di"et, v. i.

   1. To eat; to take one's meals. [Obs.]

     Let  him  . . . diet in such places, where there is good company of
     the nation, where he traveleth. Bacon.

   2.  To  eat  according  to prescribed rules; to ear sparingly; as, the
   doctor says he must diet.


   Di"et,  n.  [F.  di\'8ate,  LL.  dieta,  diaeta,  an assembly, a day's
   journey;  the  same  word as diet course of living, but with the sense
   changed  by  L.  dies  day: cf. G. tag dayReichstag.] A legislative or
   administrative  assembly  in Germany, Poland, and some other countries
   of  Europe;  a  deliberative  convention;  a  council; as, the Diet of
   Worms, held in 1521.


   Di`e*ta"ri*an  (?),  n.  One  who  lives in accordance with prescribed
   rules for diet; a dieter.


   Di"et*a*ry (?), a. Pertaining to diet, or to the rules of diet.


   Di"et*a*ry,  n.; pl. Dietaries (. A rule of diet; a fixed allowance of
   food, as in workhouse, prison, etc.


   Di"et*er  (?),  n.  One who diets; one who prescribes, or who partakes
   of, food, according to hygienic rules.

                             Dietetic, Dietetical

   Di`e*tet"ic  (?),  Di`e*tet"ic*al  (?),  a. [Gr. di\'82t\'82tique. See
   Diet.]  Of  or performance to diet, or to the rules for regulating the
   kind and quantity of food to be eaten.


   Di`e*tet"ic*al*ly, adv. In a dietetical manner.


   Di`e*tet"ics  (?),  n.  That part of the medical or hygienic art which
   relates to diet or food; rules for diet.

     To  suppose that the whole of dietetics lies in determining whether
     or not bread is more nutritive than potatoes. H. Spencer.


   Di`e*tet"ist, n. A physician who applies the rules of dietetics to the
   cure of diseases. Dunglison.


   Di*eth`yl*am"ine   (?),   n.  [Pref.  di-  +  ethylamine.]  (Chem.)  A
   colorless, volatile, alkaline liquid, NH(C2H5)2, having a strong fishy
   odor resembling that of herring or sardines. Cf. Methylamine.


   Di*et"ic (?), a. Dietetic.


   Di*et"ic*al (?), a. Dietetic. [R.] Ferrand.


   Di"et*ine  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  di\'82tine.]  A  subordinate  or  local
   assembly; a diet of inferior rank.

                              Dietist, Dietitian

   Di"et*ist (?), Di`e*ti"tian (?), n. One skilled in dietetics. [R.]


   Dif*fame` (?), n. [See Defame.] Evil name; bad reputation; defamation.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Dif*far`re*a"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  diffarreatio; dif- = farreum a spelt
   cake. See Confarreation.] A form of divorce, among the ancient Romans,
   in which a cake was used. See Confarreation.


   Dif"fer  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Differed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Differing.]  [L.  differre; dif- = dis- + ferre to bear, carry: cf. F.
   diff\'82rer. See 1st Bear, and cf. Defer, Delay.]

   1.   To  be  or  stand  apart;  to  disagree;  to  be  unlike;  to  be
   distinguished; -- with from.

     One star differeth from another star in glory. 1 Cor. xv. 41.

     Minds differ, as rivers differ. Macaulay.

   2.  To  be of unlike or opposite opinion; to disagree in sentiment; --
   often with from or with.

   3. To have a difference, cause of variance, or quarrel; to dispute; to

     We 'll never differ with a crowded pit. Rowe.

   Syn. -- To vary; disagree; dissent; dispute; contend; oppose; wrangle.
   --  To  Differ with, Differ from. Both differ from and aiffer with are
   used  in  reference to opinions; as, "I differ from you or with you in
   that  opinion.""  In  all  other  cases, expressing simple unlikeness,
   differ  from  is used; as, these two persons or things differ entirely
   from each other.

     Severely  punished,  not  for differing from us in opinion, but for
     committing a nuisance. Macaulay.

     Davidson,  whom on a former occasion we quoted, to differ from him.
     M. Arnold.

     Much  as  I  differ  from  him  concerning an essential part of the
     historic basis of religion. Gladstone.

     I differ with the honorable gentleman on that point. Brougham.

     If  the  honorable  gentleman  differs  with  me on that subject, I
     differ  as  heartily  with him, and shall always rejoice to differ.


   Dif"fer, v. t. To cause to be different or unlike; to set at variance.

     But something 'ts that differs thee and me. Cowley.


   Dif"fer*ence (?), n. [F. diff\'82rence, L. differentia.]

   1.  The  act  of differing; the state or measure of being different or
   unlike;  distinction;  dissimilarity;  unlikeness;  variation;  as,  a
   difference of quality in paper; a difference in degrees of heat, or of
   light; what is the difference between the innocent and the guilty?

     Differencies of administration, but the same Lord. 1 Cor. xii. 5.

   2.  Disagreement  in opinion; dissension; controversy; quarrel; hence,
   cause of dissension; matter in controversy.

     What was the difference? It was a contention in public. Shak.

     Away  therefore  went  I with the constable, leaving the old warden
     and  the young constable to compose their difference as they could.
     T. Ellwood.

   Page 410

   3.   That  by  which  one  thing  differs  from  another;  that  which
   distinguishes   or   causes   to   differ;;   mark   of   distinction;
   characteristic quality; specific attribute.

     The marks and differences of sovereignty. Davies.

   4. Choice; preference. [Obs.]

     That  now  be chooseth with vile difference To be a beast, and lack
     intelligence. Spenser.

   5. (Her.) An addition to a coat of arms to distinguish the bearings of
   two  persons, which would otherwise be the same. See Augmentation, and
   Marks of cadency, under Cadency.

   6.  (Logic)  The  quality  or attribute which is added to those of the
   genus to constitute a species; a differentia.

   7. (Math.) The quantity by which one quantity differs from another, or
   the remainder left after subtracting the one from the other.
   Ascensional  difference.  See  under Ascensional. Syn. -- Distinction;
   dissimilarity;    dissimilitude;    variation;   diversity;   variety;
   contrariety;  disagreement;  variance;  contest;  contention; dispute;
   controversy; debate; quarrel; wrangle; strife.


   Dif"fer*ence (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Differenced (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Differencing.]  To  cause  to  differ;  to  make different; to mark as
   different; to distinguish.

     Thou mayest difference gods from men. Chapman.

     Kings,   in   receiving  justice  and  undergoing  trial,  are  not
     differenced from the meanest subject. Milton.

     So   completely   differenced  by  their  separate  and  individual
     characters  that  we  at once acknowledge them as distinct persons.
     Sir W. Scott.


   Dif"fer*ent  (?), a. [L. differens, -entis, p. pr. of differre: cf. F.

   1. Distinct; separate; not the same; other. "Five different churches."

   2.  Of  various  or  contrary  nature,  form, or quality; partially or
   totally  unlike;  dissimilar;  as,  different  kinds of food or drink;
   different  states  of  health;  different shapes; different degrees of

     Men  are as different from each other, as the regions in which they
     are born are different. Dryden.

     NOTE: &hand; Di fferent is properly followed by from. Different to,
     for  different  from,  is a common English colloquialism. Different
     than is quite inadmissible.


   Dif`fer*en"ti*a  (?), n.; pl. Differenti\'91 (#). [L. See Difference.]
   (Logic) The formal or distinguishing part of the essence of a species;
   the characteristic attribute of a species; specific difference.


   Dif`fer*en"tial (?), a. [Cf. F. diff\'82rentiel.]

   1.  Relating  to  or  indicating  a difference; creating a difference;
   discriminating;    special;    as,    differential    characteristics;
   differential duties; a differential rate.

     For whom he produced differential favors. Motley.

   2. (Math.) Of or pertaining to a differential, or to differentials.

   3.  (Mech.)  Relating  to differences of motion or leverage; producing
   effects by such differences; said of mechanism.
   Differential  calculus.  (Math.)  See  under Calculus. -- Differential
   coefficient,  the limit of the ratio of the increment of a function of
   a  variable  to  the  increment  of  the  variable  itself, when these
   increments  are  made  indefinitely small. -- Differential coupling, a
   form  of slip coupling used in light machinery to regulate at pleasure
   the  velocity  of  the connected shaft. -- Differential duties (Polit.
   Econ.),  duties  which  are not imposed equally upon the same products
   imported   from  different  countries.  --  Differential  galvanometer
   (Elec.),  a  galvanometer having two coils or circuits, usually equal,
   through  which currents passing in opposite directions are measured by
   the  difference  of  their  effect  upon  the  needle. -- Differential
   gearing,  a  train  of  toothed wheels, usually an epicyclic train, so
   arranged  as  to  constitute  a  differential  motion. -- Differential
   motion,  a  mechanism  in  which  a  simple  differential  combination
   produces  such  a  change  of  motion or force as would, with ordinary
   compound  arrangements,  require  a considerable train of parts. It is
   used  for  overcoming  great resistance or producing very slow or very
   rapid  motion. -- Differential pulley. (Mach.) (a) A portable hoisting
   apparatus,  the  same in principle as the differential windlass. (b) A
   hoisting  pulley  to  which  power  is  applied through a differential
   gearing.  -- Differential screw, a compound screw by which a motion is
   produced  equal  to  the  difference  of  the motions of the component
   screws.  --  Differential  thermometer,  a  thermometer usually with a
   U-shaped  tube  terminating in two air bulbs, and containing a colored
   liquid, used for indicating the difference between the temperatures to
   which  the  two  bulbs  are  exposed, by the change of position of the
   colored  fluid,  in consequence of the different expansions of the air
   in the bulbs. A graduated scale is attached to one leg of the tube. --
   Differential  windlass,  OR  Chinese windlass, a windlass whose barrel
   has two parts of different diameters. The hoisting rope winds upon one
   part  as it unwinds from the other, and a pulley sustaining the weight
   to  be lifted hangs in the bight of the rope. It is an ancient example
   of a differential motion.


   Dif`fer*en"tial, n.

   1.  (Math.)  An increment, usually an indefinitely small one, which is
   given to a variable quantity.

     NOTE: &hand; Ac  cording to  th e mo re mo dern wr iters up on th e
     differential  and  integral calculus, if two or more quantities are
     dependent  on each other, and subject to increments of value, their
     differentials  need  not  be  small,  but  are any quantities whose
     ratios  to  each  other  are  the limits to which the ratios of the
     increments  approximate, as these increments are reduced nearer and
     nearer to zero.

   2.  A  small  difference  in  rates which competing railroad lines, in
   establishing  a  common  tariff, allow one of their number to make, in
   order  to get a fair share of the business. The lower rate is called a
   differential rate. Differentials are also sometimes granted to cities.

   3.  (Elec.)  (a) One of two coils of conducting wire so related to one
   another  or  to  a  magnet  or  armature common to both, that one coil
   produces  polar  action  contrary  to that of the other. (b) A form of
   conductor  used  for dividing and distributing the current to a series
   of electric lamps so as to maintain equal action in all. Knight.
   Partial differential (Math.), the differential of a function of two or
   more  variables, when only one of the variables receives an increment.
   --  Total  differential (Math.), the differential of a function of two
   or  more  variables, when each of the variables receives an increment.
   The  total  differential of the function is the sum of all the partial
   Dif`fer*en"tial*ly (?), adv. In the way of differentiation.
   Dif`fer*en"ti*ate (?), v. t.
   1.  To  distinguish  or  mark  by  a  specific difference; to effect a
   difference  in,  as  regards  classification;  to develop differential
   characteristics in; to specialize; to desynonymize.
     The  word then was differentiated into the two forms then and than.

     Two  or  more of the forms assumed by the same original word become
     differentiated in signification. Dr. Murray.

   2.  To  express the specific difference of; to describe the properties
   of (a thing) whereby it is differenced from another of the same class;
   to discriminate. Earle.

   3.  (Math.)  To  obtain the differential, or differential coefficient,
   of; as, to differentiate an algebraic expression, or an equation.


   Dif`fer*en"ti*ate,  v.  i.  (Biol.) To acquire a distinct and separate
   character. Huxley.


   Dif`fer*en`ti*a"tion (?), n.

   1. The act of differentiating.

     Further  investigation  of the Sanskrit may lead to differentiation
     of the meaning of such of these roots as are real roots. J. Peile.

   2.  (Logic) The act of distinguishing or describing a thing, by giving
   its   different,   or   specific   difference;   exact  definition  or

   3. (Biol.) The gradual formation or production of organs or parts by a
   process  of  evolution  or  development, as when the seed develops the
   root  and  the stem, the initial stem develops the leaf, branches, and
   flower  buds;  or  in animal life, when the germ evolves the digestive
   and  other  organs and members, or when the animals as they advance in
   organization acquire special organs for specific purposes.

   4.  (Metaph.)  The  supposed  act  or tendency in being of every kind,
   whether  organic  or  inorganic,  to  assume or produce a more complex
   structure or functions.


   Dif`fer*en"ti*a`tor (?), n. One who, or that which, differentiates.


   Dif"fer*ent*ly (?), adv. In a different manner; variously.


   Dif"fer*ing*ly, adv. In a differing or different manner. Boyle.


   Dif"fi*cile  (?), a. [L. difficilis: cf. F. difficile. See Difficult.]
   Difficult;  hard  to  manage; stubborn. [Obs.] -- Dif"fi*cile*ness, n.
   [Obs.] Bacon.


   Dif`fi*cil"i*tate (?), v. t. To make difficult. [Obs.] W. Montagu.


   Dif"fi*cult (?), a. [From Difficulty.]

   1.  Hard to do or to make; beset with difficulty; attended with labor,
   trouble, or pains; not easy; arduous.

     NOTE: &hand; Di fficult implies the notion that considerable mental
     effort  or  skill is required, or that obstacles are to be overcome
     which  call  for  sagacity  and skill in the agent; as, a difficult
     task; hard work is not always difficult work; a difficult operation
     in surgery; a difficult passage in an author.

     There  is  not  the strength or courage left me to venture into the
     wide, strange, and difficult world, alone. Hawthorne.

   2.  Hard  to  manage  or  to please; not easily wrought upon; austere;
   stubborn;  as,  a difficult person. Syn. -- Arduous; painful; crabbed;
   perplexed; laborious; unaccommodating; troublesome. See Arduous.


   Dif"fi*cult,  v.  t.  To render difficult; to impede; to perplex. [R.]
   Sir W. Temple.


   Dif"fi*cult*ate  (?),  v.  t.  To  render difficult; to difficilitate.
   [Obs.] Cotgrave.


   Dif"fi*cult*ly, adv. With difficulty. Cowper.


   Dif"fi*cult*ness, n. Difficulty. [R.] Golding.


   Dif"fi*cul*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Difficulties  (#). [L. difficultas, fr.
   difficilis   difficult;   dif-   =   dis-   +  facilis  easy:  cf.  F.
   difficult\'82. See Facile.]

   1. The state of being difficult, or hard to do; hardness; arduousness;
   --  opposed  to  easiness or facility; as, the difficulty of a task or
   enterprise; a work of difficulty.

     Not  being  able to promote them [the interests of life] on account
     of the difficulty of the region. James Byrne.

   2.  Something  difficult;  a  thing  hard to do or to understand; that
   which  occasions  labor or perplexity, and requires skill perseverance
   to  overcome,  solve,  or  achieve; a hard enterprise; an obstacle; an
   impediment;  as,  the  difficulties  of  a  science;  difficulties  in

     They  lie  under  some  difficulties  by  reason  of  the emperor's
     displeasure. Addison.

   3.  A  controversy;  a  falling  out;  a disagreement; an objection; a

     Measures for terminating all local difficulties. Bancroft.

   4.  Embarrassment of affairs, especially financial affairs; -- usually
   in the plural; as, to be in difficulties.

     In days of difficulty and pressure. Tennyson.

   Syn.  -- Impediment; obstacle; obstruction; embarrassment; perplexity;
   exigency; distress; trouble; trial; objection; cavil. See Impediment.


   Dif*fide" (?), v. i. [L. diffidere. See Diffident.] To be distrustful.
   [Obs.] Dr. H. More.


   Dif"fi*dence (?), n. [L. diffidentia.]

   1.  The  state of being diffident; distrust; want of confidence; doubt
   of the power, ability, or disposition of others. [Archaic]

     That  affliction  grew heavy upon me, and weighed me down even to a
     diffidence of God's mercy. Donne.

   2.  Distrust of one's self or one's own powers; lack of self-reliance;
   modesty; modest reserve; bashfulness.

     It is good to speak on such questions with diffidence. Macaulay.

     An  Englishman's  habitual diffidence and awkwardness of adress. W.

   Syn.  --  Humility;  bashfulness;  distrust;  suspicion;  doubt; fear;
   timidity; apprehension; hesitation. See Humility, and Bashfulness.


   Dif"fi*den*cy (?), n. See Diffidence. [Obs.]


   Dif"fi*dent (?), a. [L. diffidens, -entis, p. pr. of diffidere; dif- =
   dis + fidere to trust; akin to fides faith. See Faith, and cf. Defy.]

   1. Wanting confidence in others; distrustful. [Archaic]

     You were always extremely diffident of their success. Melmoth.

   2.  Wanting confidence in one's self; distrustful of one's own powers;
   not  self-reliant;  timid;  modest;  bashful;  characterized by modest

     The diffident maidens, Folding their hands in prayer. Longfellow.

   Syn.   --   Distrustful;  suspicious;  hesitating;  doubtful;  modest;
   bashful; lowly; reserved.


   Dif"fi*dent*ly, adv. In a diffident manner.

     To  stand  diffidently  against  each  other with their thoughts in
     battle array. Hobbes.


   Dif*find  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  diffindere,  diffissum; dif- = findere to
   split.] To split. [Obs.] Bailey.


   Dif*fine" (?), v. t. To define. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   if*fin"i*tive  (?),  a.  [For  definitive.]  Definitive;  determinate;
   final. [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton.


   Dif*fis"sion (?), n. [See Diffind.] Act of cleaving or splitting. [R.]


   Dif*fla"tion  (?),  n.  [LL. difflatio, fr. L. difflare, difflatum, to
   disperse by blowing.] A blowing apart or away. [Obs.] Bailey.

                            Diffluence, Diffluency

   Dif"flu*ence  (?),  Dif"flu*en*cy  (?), n. A flowing off on all sides;
   fluidity. [R.]


   Dif"flu*ent  (?),  a.  [L. diffluens, p. pr. of diffluere to flow off;
   dif-  =  dis- + fluere to flow.] Flowing apart or off; dissolving; not
   fixed. [R.] Bailey.


   Dif"form`  (?),  a. [Cf. F. difforme, fr. L. dif- = dis- + forma form.
   Cf.  Deform.]  Irregular  in  form;  -- opposed to uniform; anomalous;
   hence,  unlike; dissimilar; as, to difform corolla, the parts of which
   do not correspond in size or proportion; difform leaves.

     The unequal refractions of difform rays. Sir I. Newton.


   Dif*form"i*ty  (?), n. [Cf. F. difformit\'82. See Difform, Deformity.]
   Irregularity  of  form;  diversity of form; want of uniformity. [Obs.]
   Sir T. Browne.


   Dif*fract"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Diffracted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Diffracting.] [L. diffractus, p. p. of diffringere to break in pieces;
   dif-  =  dis- + frangere to break. See Fracture.] To break or separate
   into parts; to deflect, or decompose by deflection, a


   Dif*frac"tion  (?), n. [Cf. F. diffraction.] (Opt.) The deflection and
   decomposition  of  light  in  passing by the edges of opaque bodies or
   through  narrow  slits,  causing  the  appearance of parallel bands or
   fringes  of  prismatic  colors,  as by the action of a grating of fine
   lines or bars.

     Remarked  by  Grimaldi (1665), and referred by him to a property of
     light which he called diffraction. Whewell.

   Diffraction  grating.  (Optics)  See  under  Grating.  --  Diffraction
   spectrum. (Optics) See under Spectrum.


   Dif*frac"tive (?), a. That produces diffraction.

                        Diffranchise, Diffranchisement

   Dif*fran"chise   (?),   Dif*fran"chise*ment   (?).  See  Disfranchise,


   Dif*fus"ate  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  Material  which,  in  the  process  of
   catalysis, has diffused or passed through the separating membrane.


   Dif*fuse"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Diffused (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Diffusing.] [L. diffusus, p. p. of diffundere to pour out, to diffuse;
   dif-  =  dis-  +  fundere  to pour. See Fuse to melt.] To pour out and
   cause  to  spread,  as a fluid; to cause to flow on all sides; to send
   out,  or  extend,  in  all  directions;  to  spread;  to circulate; to
   disseminate; to scatter; as to diffuse information.

     Thence diffuse His good to worlds and ages infinite. Milton.

     We  find  this  knowledge  diffused  among  all  civilized nations.

   Syn.  --  To  expand;  spread;  circulate;  extend; scatter; disperse;
   publish; proclaim.


   Dif*fuse", v. i. To pass by spreading every way, to diffuse itself.


   Dif*fuse"  (?), a. [L. diffusus, p. p.] Poured out; widely spread; not
   restrained;  copious;  full;  esp.,  of  style,  opposed to concise or
   terse; verbose; prolix; as, a diffuse style; a diffuse writer.

     A diffuse and various knowledge of divine and human things. Milton.

   Syn. -- Prolix; verbose; wide; copious; full. See Prolix.


   Dif*fused" (?), a. Spread abroad; dispersed; loose; flowing; diffuse.

     It grew to be a widely diffused opinion. Hawthorne.

   -- Dif*fus"ed*ly (#), adv. -- Dif*fus"ed*ness, n.


   Dif*fuse"ly (?), adv. In a diffuse manner.


   Dif*fuse"ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being  diffuse;  especially,  in
   writing, the use of a great or excessive number of word to express the
   meaning; copiousness; verbosity; prolixity.

   Page 411


   Dif*fus"er (?), n. One who, or that which, diffuses.


   Dif*fu`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being diffusible; capability
   of being poured or spread out.


   Dif*fu"si*ble (?), a.

   1.  Capable  of  flowing  or  spreading in all directions; that may be

   2. (Physiol.) Capable of passing through animal membranes by osmosis.


   Dif*fu"si*ble*ness, n. Diffusibility.


   Dif*fu"sion (?), n. [L. diffusio: cf. F. diffusion.]

   1.  The act of diffusing, or the state of being diffused; a spreading;
   extension; dissemination; circulation; dispersion.

     A diffusion of knowledge which has undermined superstition. Burke.

   2.  (Physiol.) The act of passing by osmosis through animal membranes,
   as  in  the  distribution  of  poisons, gases, etc., through the body.
   Unlike absorption, diffusion may go on after death, that is, after the
   blood  ceases  to  circulate.  Syn. -- Extension; spread; propagation;
   circulation; expansion; dispersion.


   Dif*fu"sive   (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  diffusif.]  Having  the  quality  of
   diffusing;  capable  of  spreading  every  way  by  flowing; spreading
   widely;  widely reaching; copious; diffuse. "A plentiful and diffusive
   perfume." Hare.


   Dif*fu"sive*ly, adv. In a diffusive manner.


   Dif*fu"sive*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being diffusive or
   diffuse;  extensiveness;  expansion;  dispersion. Especially of style:
   Diffuseness; want of conciseness; prolixity.

     The  fault  that I find with a modern legend, it its diffusiveness.


   Dif`fu*siv"i*ty  (?),  n. Tendency to become diffused; tendency, as of
   heat, to become equalized by spreading through a conducting medium.


   Dig  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Dug (?) or Digged (; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Digging.  --  Digged  is archaic.] [OE. diggen, perh. the same word as
   diken,  dichen  (see Dike, Ditch); cf. Dan. dige to dig, dige a ditch;
   or (?) akin to E. 1st dag.

   1.  To  turn  up, or delve in, (earth) with a spade or a hoe; to open,
   loosen,  or  break  up  (the  soil)  with  a  spade,  or  other  sharp
   instrument; to pierce, open, or loosen, as if with a spade.

     Be first to dig the ground. Dryden.

   2. To get by digging; as, to dig potatoes, or gold.

   3.  To  hollow out, as a well; to form, as a ditch, by removing earth;
   to excavate; as, to dig a ditch or a well.

   4. To thrust; to poke. [Colloq.]

     You  should  have  seen  children  . . . dig and push their mothers
     under  the  sides,  saying  thus to them: Look, mother, how great a
     lubber doth yet wear pearls. Robynson (More's Utopia).

   To  dig  down,  to  undermine and cause to fall by digging; as, to dig
   down  a wall. -- To dig from, out of, out, OR up, to get out or obtain
   by digging; as, to dig coal from or out of a mine; to dig out fossils;
   to  dig  up  a tree. The preposition is often omitted; as, the men are
   digging  coal,  digging  iron  ore, digging potatoes. -- To dig in, to
   cover  by digging; as, to dig in manure.<-- (b) To entrench oneself so
   as to give stronger resistance; -- used of warfare. Also figuratively,
   esp. in the phrase to dig in one's heels. -->


   Dig, v. i.

   1.  To  work with a spade or other like implement; to do servile work;
   to delve.

     Dig for it more than for hid treasures. Job iii. 21.

     I can not dig; to beg I am ashamed. Luke xvi. 3.

   2.  (Mining)  To  take  ore  from  its bed, in distinction from making
   excavations in search of ore.

   3.  To work like a digger; to study ploddingly and laboriously. [Cant,


   Dig, n.

   1.  A  thrust; a punch; a poke; as, a dig in the side or the ribs. See
   Dig, v. t.,

   4. [Colloq.]

   2. A plodding and laborious student. [Cant, U.S.]


   Dig"a*mist  (?),  n.  [Gr. Bigamist.] One who marries a second time; a
   deuterogamist. Hammond.


   Di*gam"ma (?), n. [Gr. gammas placed one above the other.] (Gr. Gram.)
   A letter (

     NOTE: &hand; Th is fo rm id entifies it with the Latin F, though in
     sound  it  is  said  to  have  been  nearer  V.  It was pronounced,
     probably, much like the English W.

                             Digammate, Digammated

   Di*gam"mate  (?),  Di*gam"mated  (?),  a.  Having  the  digamma or its
   representative letter or sound; as, the Latin word vis is a digammated
   form of the Greek . Andrews.


   Dig"a*mous (?), a. Pertaining to a second marriage, that is, one after
   the death of the first wife or the first husband.


   Dig"a*my  (?), n. [Gr. Bigamy.] Act, or state, of being twice married;
   deuterogamy. [R.]


   Di*gas"tric (?), a. [Gr. digastrique.] (Anat.) (a) Having two bellies;
   biventral; -- applied to muscles which are fleshy at each end and have
   a  tendon  in  the middle, and esp. to the muscle which pulls down the
   lower  jaw.  (b)  Pertaining to the digastric muscle of the lower jaw;
   as, the digastric nerves.


   Di*ge"ne*a  (?),  n.;  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  A division of
   Trematoda  in  which  alternate generations occur, the immediate young
   not resembling their parents.


   Di*gen"e*sis  (?),  n.  [Pref.  di- + genesis.] (Biol.) The faculty of
   multiplying  in two ways; -- by ova fecundated by spermatic fluid, and
   asexually, as by buds. See Parthenogenesis.


   Dig"e*nous   (?),   a.   [Pref.   di-  +  -genous.]  (Biol.)  Sexually
   reproductive. Digenous reproduction. (Biol.) Same as Digenesis.


   Dig"er*ent  (?),  .  [L.  digerens,  p.  pr. of digerere. See Digest.]
   Digesting. [Obs.] Bailey.


   Di*gest"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Digested;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Digesting.]  [L.  digestus,  p.  p.  of digerere to separate, arrange,
   dissolve, digest; di- = dis- + gerere to bear, carry, wear. See Jest.]

   1.  To  distribute or arrange methodically; to work over and classify;
   to  reduce to portions for ready use or application; as, to digest the
   laws, etc.

     Joining them together and digesting them into order. Blair.

     We have cause to be glad that matters are so well digested. Shak.

   2.  (Physiol.)  To  separate  (the  food)  in  its passage through the
   alimentary  canal  into  the  nutritive  and nonnutritive elements; to
   prepare,  by  the  action of the digestive juices, for conversion into
   blood; to convert into chyme.

   3.  To think over and arrange methodically in the mind; to reduce to a
   plan  or method; to receive in the mind and consider carefully; to get
   an understanding of; to comprehend.

     Feelingly digest the words you speak in prayer. Sir H. Sidney.

     How shall this bosom multiplied digest The senate's courtesy? Shak.

   4. To appropriate for strengthening and comfort.

     Grant  that  we  may in such wise hear them [the Scriptures], read,
     mark, learn, and inwardly digest them. Book of Common Prayer.

   5.  Hence:  To  bear comfortably or patiently; to be reconciled to; to

     I never can digest the loss of most of Origin's works. Coleridge.

   6.  (Chem.) To soften by heat and moisture; to expose to a gentle heat
   in a boiler or matrass, as a preparation for chemical operations.

   7.  (Med.)  To  dispose  to  suppurate, or generate healthy pus, as an
   ulcer or wound.

   8. To ripen; to mature. [Obs.]

     Well-digested fruits. Jer. Taylor.

   9. To quiet or abate, as anger or grief.


   Di*gest" (?), v. i.

   1. To undergo digestion; as, food digests well or ill.

   2. (Med.) To suppurate; to generate pus, as an ulcer.


   Di"gest (?), n. [L. digestum, pl. digesta, neut., fr. digestus, p. p.:
   cf. F. digeste. See Digest, v. t.] That which is digested; especially,
   that which is worked over, classified, and arranged under proper heads
   or  titles;  esp.  (Law),  a  compilation  of  statutes  or  decisions
   analytically  arranged.  The term is applied in a general sense to the
   Pandects  of  Justinian  (see Pandect), but is also specially given by
   authors  to  compilations  of  laws on particular topics; a summary of
   laws; as, Comyn's Digest; the United States Digest.

     A  complete  digest of Hindu and Mahommedan laws after the model of
     Justinian's celebrated Pandects. Sir W. Jones.

     They  made  a  sort  of institute and digest of anarchy, called the
     Rights of Man. Burke.


   Di*gest"ed*ly  (?),  adv.  In  a  digested  or  well-arranged  manner;


   Di*gest"er (?), n.

   1. One who digests.

   2.  A  medicine  or  an  article  of  food  that  aids  digestion,  or
   strengthens digestive power.

     Rice is . . . a great restorer of health, and a great digester. Sir
     W. Temple.

   3.  A  strong closed vessel, in which bones or other substances may be
   subjected,  usually  in  water or other liquid, to a temperature above
   that of boiling, in order to soften them.


   Di*gest`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being digestible.


   Di*gest"i*ble  (?),  a.  [F.  digestible, L. digestibilis.] Capable of
   being digested.


   Di*gest"i*ble*ness, n. The quality of being digestible; digestibility.


   Di*ges"tion (?; 106), n. [F. digestion, L. digestio.]

   1.   The   act   or   process   of   digesting;  reduction  to  order;
   classification; thoughtful consideration.

   2.  (Physiol.)  The conversion of food, in the stomach and intestines,
   into soluble and diffusible products, capable of being absorbed by the

   3. (Med.) Generation of pus; suppuration.


   Di*gest"ive  (?),  a.  [F.  digestif,  L.  digestivus.]  Pertaining to
   digestion;  having  the  power  to cause or promote digestion; as, the
   digestive ferments.

     Digestive cheese and fruit there sure will be. B. Jonson.

   Digestive apparatus, the organs of food digestion, esp. the alimentary
   canal and glands connected with it. -- Digestive salt, the chloride of


   Di*gest"ive, n.

   1. That which aids digestion, as a food or medicine. Chaucer.

     That  digestive [a cigar] had become to me as necessary as the meal
     itself. Blackw. Mag.

   2.  (Med.)  (a)  A  substance which, when applied to a wound or ulcer,
   promotes suppuration. Dunglison. (b) A tonic. [R.]


   Di*gest"or (?), n. See Digester.


   Di*ges"ture (?; 135), n. Digestion. [Obs.] Harvey.


   Dig"ga*ble (?), a. Capable of being dug.


   Dig"ger  (?), n. One who, or that which, digs. Digger wasp (Zo\'94l.),
   any one of the fossorial Hymenoptera.


   Dig"gers  (?),  n.  pl.;  sing.  Digger. (Ethnol.) A degraded tribe of
   California  Indians; -- so called from their practice of digging roots
   for food.


   Dig"ging (?), n.

   1. The act or the place of excavating.

   2.  pl.  Places  where  ore  is dug; especially, certain localities in
   California,  Australia,  and  elsewhere,  at  which  gold is obtained.

   3. pl. Region; locality. [Low]


   Dight  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Dight OR Dighted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Dighting.]  [OF.  dihten,  AS.  dihtan  to  dictate, command, dispose,
   arrange,  fr.  L. dictare to say often, dictate, order; cf. G. dichten
   to write poetry, fr. L. dictare. See Dictate.]

   1.  To prepare; to put in order; hence, to dress, or put on; to array;
   to adorn. [Archaic] "She gan the house to dight." Chaucer.

     Two harmless turtles, dight for sacrifice. Fairfax.

     The clouds in thousand liveries dight. Milton.

   2. To have sexual intercourse with. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Dight"er (?), n. One who dights. [Obs.]


   Dig"it (?), n. [L. digitus finger; prob. akin to Gr. toe. Cf. Dactyl.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  the terminal divisions of a limb appendage; a
   finger or toe.

     The  ruminants  have the "cloven foot," i. e., two hoofed digits on
     each foot. Owen.

   2.  A  finger's  breadth, commonly estimated to be three fourths of an

   3.  (Math.) One of the ten figures or symbols, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
   8,  9, by which all numbers are expressed; -- so called because of the
   use of the fingers in counting and computing.

     NOTE: &hand; By  some authorities the symbol 0 is not included with
     the digits.

   4.  (Anat.)  One twelfth part of the diameter of the sun or moon; -- a
   term  used  to  express  the quantity of an eclipse; as, an eclipse of
   eight  digits  is  one  which  hides two thirds of the diameter of the


   Dig"it, v. t. To point at or out with the finger. [R.]


   Dig"i*tal  (?), a. [L. digitals.] Of or performance to the fingers, or
   to  digits;  done  with  the fingers; as, digital compression; digital


   Dig"i*ta`in (?), n. [Cf. F. digitaline.] (a) (Med.) Any one of several
   extracts of foxglove (Digitalis), as the "French extract," the "German
   extract,"  etc.,  which  differ  among  themselves  in composition and
   properties.  (b)  (Chem.) A supposedly distinct vegetable principle as
   the  essential  ingredient of the extracts. It is a white, crystalline
   substance, and is regarded as a glucoside.


   Dig`i*ta"lis  (?),  n.  [NL.:  cf. F. digitale. So named (according to
   Linn\'91us) from its finger-shaped corolla.]

   1. (Bot.) A genus of plants including the foxglove.

   2.   (Med.)  The  dried  leaves  of  the  purple  foxglove  (Digitalis
   purpurea), used in heart disease, disturbance of the circulation, etc.


   Dig"i*tate  (?),  v.  t.  [LL.  digitatus,  p.  p. of digitare, fr. L.
   digitus.  See  Digit.]  To point out as with the finger. [R.] Robinson

                              Digitate, Digitated

   Dig"i*tate  (?),  Dig"i*ta`ted  (?), a. [L. digitatus having fingers.]
   (Bot.) Having several leaflets arranged, like the fingers of the hand,
   at the extremity of a stem or petiole. Also, in general, characterized
   by digitation. -- Dig"i*tate*ly (#), adv.


   Dig`i*ta"tion  (?), n. [Cf. F. digitation.] A division into fingers or
   fingerlike processes; also, a fingerlike process.


   Dig"i*ti*form  (?),  a.  [L.  digitus a finger + -form.] Formed like a
   finger or fingers; finger-shaped; as, a digitiform root.


   Dig"i*ti*grade  (?), a. [L. digitus finger, toe + gradi to step, walk:
   cf.  F. digitigrade.] (Zo\'94l.) Walking on the toes; -- distinguished
   from plantigrade.


   Dig"i*ti*grade, n. (Zo\'94l.) An animal that walks on its toes, as the
   cat,  lion,  wolf,  etc.;  --  distinguished from a plantigrade, which
   walks on the palm of the foot.


   Dig`i*ti*par"tite (?), a. [L. digitus finger + partite.] (Bot.) Parted
   like the fingers.


   Dig"i*tize  (?),  v.  t.  [Digit + -ize.] To finger; as, to digitize a
   pen.  [R.]  Sir  T.  Browne.  <-- computers to convert (information, a
   signal, an image) into a form expressible in binary notation -->


   Dig`i*to"ri*um  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. L. digitus a finger.] A small dumb
   keyboard  used  by pianists for exercising the fingers; -- called also
   dumb piano.


   Dig"i*tule  (?),  n.  [L.  digitulus,  dim.  of digitus.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   little finger or toe, or something resembling one.


   Di*gla"di*ate  (?),  v.  i.  [L.  digladiari;  di-  = dis- + gladius a
   sword.]  To  fight  like  gladiators;  to contend fiercely; to dispute
   violently. [Obs.]

     Digladiating like \'92schines and Demosthenes. Hales.


   Di*gla`di*a"tion   (?),   n.   Act   of   digladiating.  [Obs.]  "Sore
   digladiations and contest." Evelyn.


   Di*glot"tism (?), n. [Gr. Glottis.] Bilingualism. [R.] Earle.


   Di"glyph (?), n. [Gr. (Arch.) A projecting face like the triglyph, but
   having only two channels or grooves sunk in it.


   Dig*na"tion  (?), n. [L. dignatio.] The act of thinking worthy; honor.
   [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.

   Page 412


   Digne (?), a. [F., fr. L. dignus. See Design.]

   1. Worthy; honorable; deserving. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. Suitable; adequate; fit. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   3. Haughty; disdainful. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Dig`ni*fi*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [See  Dignify.]  The  act  of dignifying;


   Dig"ni*fied  (?),  a.  Marked  with  dignity; stately; as, a dignified


   Dig"ni*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Dignified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Dignifying.]  [OF. dignifier, fr. LL. d; L. dignus worthy + ficare (in
   comp.),  facere  to make. See Deign, and Fact.] To invest with dignity
   or  honor;  to  make  illustrious; to give distinction to; to exalt in
   rank; to honor.

     Your worth will dignity our feast. B. Jonson.

   Syn.  -- To exalt; elevate; prefer; advance; honor; illustrate; adorn;


   Dig"ni*ta*ry  (?), n.; pl. Dignitaries (#). [Cf. F. dignitaire, fr. L.
   dignitas.]  One  who  possesses  exalted  rank  or holds a position of
   dignity  or  honor;  especially,  one who holds an ecclesiastical rank
   above that of a parochial priest or clergyman.


   Dig"ni*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Dignities  (#).  [OE. dignete, dignite, OF.
   dignet\'82,  dignit\'82,  F.  dignit\'82, fr. L. dignitas, from dignus
   worthy. See Dainty, Deign.]

   1.  The  state  of  being  worthy  or  honorable; elevation of mind or
   character; true worth; excellence.

   2. Elevation; grandeur.

     The dignity of this act was worth the audience of kings. Shak.

   3.  Elevated  rank;  honorable  station;  high  office,  political  or
   ecclesiastical;   degree   of   excellence;   preferment;  exaltation.

     And  the  king  said,  What  honor  and  dignity  hath been done to
     Mordecai for this? Esth. vi. 3.

     Reuben, thou art my firstborn, . . . the excellency of dignity, and
     the excellency of power. Gen. xlix. 3.

   4.  Quality  suited  to  inspire  respect  or reverence; loftiness and
   grace; impressiveness; stateliness; -- said of

     A  letter  written  with  singular  energy  and  dignity of thought

   5. One holding high rank; a dignitary.

     These filthy dreamers . . . speak evil of dignities. Jude. 8.

   6. Fundamental principle; axiom; maxim. [Obs.]

     Sciences   concluding  from  dignities,  and  principles  known  by
     themselves. Sir T. Browne.

   Syn. -- See Decorum. To stand upon one's dignity, to have or to affect
   a high notion of one's own rank, privilege, or character.

     They  did  not  stand  upon  their dignity, nor give their minds to
     being  or  to seeming as elegant and as fine as anybody else. R. G.


   Dig*no"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  dignoscere  to  distinguish;  di- = dis- +
   gnoscere, noscere, to learn to know.] Distinguishing mark; diagnostic.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Dig"o*nous (?), a. [Gr. Having two angles. Smart.


   Di"gram (?), n. [Gr. A digraph.


   Di"graph  (?),  n.  [Gr. Two signs or characters combined to express a
   single articulated sound; as ea in head, or th in bath.


   Di*graph"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to a digraph. H. Sweet.


   Di*gress"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Digressed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Digressing.]  [L. digressus, p. p. of digredi to go apart, to deviate;
   di- = dis- + gradi to step, walk. See Grade.]

   1.  To  step or turn aside; to deviate; to swerve; especially, to turn
   aside  from  the  main subject of attention, or course of argument, in
   writing or speaking.

     Moreover she beginneth to digress in latitude. Holland.

     In  the pursuit of an argument there is hardly room to digress into
     a  particular definition as often as a man varies the signification
     of any term. Locke.

   2. To turn aside from the right path; to transgress; to offend. [R.]

     Thy  abundant  goodness  shall  excuse  This  deadly  blot  on  thy
     digressing son. Shak.


   Di*gress", n. Digression. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Di*gres"sion (?), n. [L. digressio: cf. F. digression.]

   1. The act of digressing or deviating, esp. from the main subject of a
   discourse; hence, a part of a discourse deviating from its main design
   or subject.

     The  digressions I can not excuse otherwise, than by the confidence
     that no man will read them. Sir W. Temple.

   2. A turning aside from the right path; transgression; offense. [R.]

     Then  my digression is so vile, so base, That it will live engraven
     in my face. Shak.

   3.  (Anat.)  The elongation, or angular distance from the sun; -- said
   chiefly of the inferior planets. [R.]


   Di*gres"sion*al  (?),  a. Pertaining to, or having the character of, a
   digression; departing from the main purpose or subject. T. Warton.


   Di*gress"ive  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  digressif.]  Departing from the main
   subject; partaking of the nature of digression. Johnson.


   Di*gress"ive*ly, adv. By way of digression.


   Digue (?), n. [F. See Dike.] A bank; a dike. [Obs.] Sir W. Temple.


   Di*gyn"i*a  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A Linn\'91an order of plants
   having two styles.

                              Digynian, Digynous

   Di*gyn"i*an  (?),  Dig"y*nous  (?),  a.  [Cf. F. digyne.] (Bot.) Of or
   pertaining to the Digynia; having two styles.


   Di*he"dral  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Diedral.]  Having two plane faces; as, the
   dihedral  summit  of  a  crystal.  Dihedral  angle,  the angular space
   contained  between planes which intersect. It is measured by the angle
   made by any two lines at right angles to the two planes.


   Di*he"dron  (?),  n.  [See  Dihedral.]  A  figure  with  two  sides or
   surfaces. Buchanan.


   Di`hex*ag"o*nal (?), a. [Pref. di- + hexagonal.] (a) Consisting of two
   hexagonal parts united; thus, a dihexagonal pyramid is composed of two
   hexagonal  pyramids  placed  base  to  base. (b) Having twelve similar
   faces; as, a dihexagonal prism.


   Di`i*amb" (?), n. A diiambus.


   Di`i*am"bus  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. Lambus.] (Pros.) A double iambus; a
   foot consisting of two iambuses (


   Di*i"o*dide (?; 104), n. [Pref. di- + iodine.] (Chem.) A compound of a
   binary type containing two atoms of iodine; -- called also biniodide.


   Di`i*sat"o*gen  (?),  n.  [Pref.  di- + isatine + -gen.] (Chem.) A red
   crystalline  nitrogenous  substance or artificial production, which by
   reduction passes directly to indigo.


   Di*ju"di*cant  (?),  n.  [L.  dijudicans, p. pr.] One who dijudicates.
   [R.] Wood.


   Di*ju"di*cate  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Dijudicated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Dijucating  (?).]  [L. dijudicatus, p. p. of dijudicare to decide;
   di-  =  dis-  +  judicare  to  judge.] To make a judicial decision; to
   decide; to determine. [R.] Hales.


   Di*ju`di*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [L. dijudicatio.] The act of dijudicating;
   judgment. [R.] Cockeram.


   Di"ka  (?),  n.  [Native West African name.] A kind of food, made from
   the  almondlike seeds of the Irvingia Barteri, much used by natives of
   the west coast of Africa; -- called also dika bread.


   Dike  (?), n. [OE. dic, dike, diche, ditch, AS. d dike, ditch; akin to
   D.  dijk  dike,  G.  deich, and prob. teich pond, Icel. d dike, ditch,
   Dan. dige; perh. akin to Gr. dough; or perh. to Gr. Ditch.]

   1. A ditch; a channel for water made by digging.

     Little channels or dikes cut to every bed. Ray.

   2. An embankment to prevent inundations; a levee.

     Dikes  that  the hands of the farmers had raised . . . Shut out the
     turbulent tides. Longfellow.

   3. A wall of turf or stone. [Scot.]

   4. (Geol.) A wall-like mass of mineral matter, usually an intrusion of
   igneous rocks, filling up rents or fissures in the original strata.


   Dike,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Diked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Diking.] [OE.
   diken, dichen, AS. d\'c6cian to dike. See Dike.]

   1.  To  surround  or protect with a dike or dry bank; to secure with a

   2. To drain by a dike or ditch.


   Dike, v. i. To work as a ditcher; to dig. [Obs.]

     He would thresh and thereto dike and delve. Chaucer.


   Dik"er (?), n.

   1. A ditcher. Piers Plowman.

   2.  One  who  builds stone walls; usually, one who builds them without
   lime. [Scot.]


   Di*lac"er*ate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dilacerated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Dilacerating  (?).]  [L.  dilaceratus, p. p. of dilacerare to tear
   apart;  di-  =  dis-  + lacerare to tear.] To rend asunder; to tear to
   pieces. Sir T. Browne.


   Di*lac`er*a"tion (?), n. [L. dilaceratio: cf. F. dilac\'82ration.] The
   act of rending asunder. Arbuthnot.


   Di*la"ni*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  dilaniatus,  p.  p.  of  dilaniare to
   dilacerate;  di-  =  dis-  +  laniare  to  tear to pieces.] To rend in
   pieces; to tear. [R.] Howell.


   Di*la`ni*a"tion  (?), n. A rending or tearing in pieces; dilaceration.


   Di*lap"i*date  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dilapidated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Dilapidating  (?).]  [L.  dilapidare to scatter like stones; di- =
   dis- + lapidare to throw stones, fr. lapis a stone. See Lapidary.]

   1.  To  bring  into a condition of decay or partial ruin, by misuse or
   through  neglect;  to  destroy  the fairness and good condition of; --
   said of a building.

     If  the  bishop, parson, or vicar, etc., dilapidates the buildings,
     or cuts down the timber of the patrimony. Blackstone.

   2. To impair by waste and abuse; to squander.

     The patrimony of the bishopric of Oxon was much dilapidated. Wood.


   Di*lap"i*date,  v. i. To get out of repair; to fall into partial ruin;
   to become decayed; as, the church was suffered to dilapidate. Johnson.


   Di*lap"i*da`ted  (?), a. Decayed; fallen into partial ruin; injured by
   bad usage or neglect.

     A deserted and dilapidated buildings. Cooper.


   Di*lap`i*da"tion (?), n. [L. dilapidatio: cf. F. dilapidation.]

   1. The act of dilapidating, or the state of being dilapidated, reduced
   to decay, partially ruined, or squandered.

     Tell  the  people  that  are  relived  by the dilapidation of their
     public estate. Burke.

   2. Ecclesiastical waste; impairing of church property by an incumbent,
   through neglect or by intention.

     The  business  of  dilapidations came on between our bishop and the
     Archibishop of York. Strype.

   3. (Law) The pulling down of a building, or suffering it to fall or be
   in a state of decay. Burrill.


   Di*lap"i*da`tor   (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  dilapidateur.]  One  who  causes
   dilapidation. Strype.


   Di*la`ta*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. dilatabilit\'82.] The quality of
   being    dilatable,    or   admitting   expansion;   --   opposed   to
   contractibility. Ray.


   Di*lat"a*ble  (?),  a.  [Cf. F. dilatable.] Capable of expansion; that
   may  be  dilated;  --  opposed  to  contractible;  as,  the  lungs are
   dilatable by the force of air; air is dilatable by heat.


   Dil`a*ta"tion  (?),  n. [OE. dilatacioun, F. dilatation, L. dilatatio,
   fr. dilatare. See Dilate, and cf. 2d Dilation.]

   1.   Prolixity;   diffuse  discourse.  [Obs.]  "What  needeth  greater
   dilatation?" Chaucer.

   2. The act of dilating; expansion; an enlarging on al

   3. (Anat.) A dilation or enlargement of a canal or other organ.


   Dil`a*ta"tor  (?),  n.  [NL. Cf. L. dilatator a propagator.] (Anat.) A
   muscle which dilates any part; a dilator.


   Di*late"  (?;  277),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dilated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Dilating  (?).]  [L. dilatare; either fr. di- = dis- + latus wide, not
   the same word as latus, used as p. p. of ferre to bear (see Latitude);
   or  fr.  dilatus,  used  as  p. p. of differre to separate (see Delay,
   Tolerate, Differ, and cf. Dilatory): cf. F. dilater.]

   1.  To  expand; to distend; to enlarge or extend in all directions; to
   swell;  --  opposed to contract; as, the air dilates the lungs; air is
   dilated by increase of heat.

   2.  To  enlarge  upon;  to  relate  at  large;  to  tell  copiously or
   diffusely. [R.]

     Do  me  the  favor to dilate at full What hath befallen of them and
     thee till now. Shak.

   Syn.  --  To  expand;  swell;  distend;  enlarge; spread out; amplify;


   Di*late", v. i.

   1. To grow wide; to expand; to swell or extend in all directions.

     His heart dilates and glories in his strength. Addison.

   2.  To speak largely and copiously; to dwell in narration; to enlarge;
   -- with on or upon.

     But still on their ancient joys dilate. Crabbe.


   Di*late", a. Extensive; expanded. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Di*lat"ed, a.

   1. Expanded; enlarged. Shak.

   2. (Bot.) Widening into a lamina or into lateral winglike appendages.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) Having the margin wide and spreading.


   Di*lat"ed*ly, adv. In a dilated manner. Feltham.


   Di*lat"er  (?),  n.  One  who,  or  that  which, dilates, expands, o r


   Di*la"tion (?), n. [L. dilatio. See Dilatory.] Delay. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Di*la"tion,  n. [From dilate, v., cf. Dilatation, Dilator.] The act of
   dilating,  or  the state of being dilated; expansion; dilatation. Mrs.

     At first her eye with slow dilation rolled. Tennyson.

     A gigantic dilation of the hateful figure. Dickens.


   Di*lat"ive  (?),  a.  Causing dilation; tending to dilate, on enlarge;
   expansive. Coleridge.


   Dil`a*tom"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Dilate + -meter.] (Physiol.) An instrument
   for  measuring  the dilatation or expansion of a substance, especially
   of a fluid.


   Di*lat"or (?), n. [See Dilate.]

   1. One who, or that which, widens or expands.

   2. (Anat.) A muscle that dilates any part.

   3. (Med.) An instrument for expanding a part; as, a urethral dilator.


   Dil"a*to*ri*ly (?), adv. With delay; tardily.


   Dil"a*to*ri*ness,   n.   The  quality  of  being  dilatory;  lateness;
   slowness; tardiness; sluggishness.


   Dil"a*to*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  dilatorius,  fr.  dilator  a  delayer, fr.
   dilatus,  used  as p. p. of differe to defer, delay: cf. F. dilatoire.
   See Dilate, Differ, Defer.]

   1.  Inclined  to defer or put off what ought to be done at once; given
   the  procrastination;  delaying;  procrastinating;  loitering;  as,  a
   dilatory servant.

   2.  Marked by procrastination or delay; tardy; slow; sluggish; -- said
   of actions or measures.

     Alva, as usual, brought his dilatory policy to bear upon hiMotley.

   Dilatory plea (Law), a plea designed to create delay in the trial of a
   cause,  generally  founded  upon  some  matter  not connected with the
   merits  of  the  case.  Syn.  --  Slow;  delaying; sluggish; inactive;
   loitering; behindhand; backward; procrastinating. See Slow.


   Dil"do (?), n. A burden in popular songs. [Obs.]

     Delicate burthens of dildos and fadings. Shak.


   Dil"do,  n.  (Bot.)  A  columnar  cactaceous  plant of the West Indies
   (Cereus Swartzii).


   Di*lec"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  dilectio:  dilection. See Diligent.] Love;
   choice. [Obs.] T. Martin.


   Di*lem"ma (?), n. [L. dilemma, Gr. Lemma.]

   1.  (Logic)  An argument which presents an antagonist with two or more
   alternatives,   but  is  equally  conclusive  against  him,  whichever
   alternative he chooses.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e fo llowing ar e instances of the dilemma. A young
     rhetorician  applied  to  an  old  sophist  to be taught the art of
     pleading,  and  bargained  for  a certain reward to be paid when he
     should  gain  a  cause.  The  master  sued  for his reward, and the
     scholar  endeavored  to  dilemma.  "If  I  gain  my  cause, I shall
     withhold  your  pay, because the judge's award will be against you;
     if  I  lose  it,  I  may  withhold it, because I shall not yet have
     gained  a  cause." "On the contrary," says the master, "if you gain
     your  cause,  you  must  pay me, because you are to pay me when you
     gain  a  cause;  if you lose it, you must pay me, because the judge
     will award it."


   2. A state of things in which evils or obstacles present themselves on
   every  side, and it is difficult to determine what course to pursue; a
   vexatious alternative or predicament; a difficult choice or position.

     A  strong  dilemma in a desperate case! To act with infamy, or quit
     the place. Swift.

   Horns  of  a dilemma, alternatives, each of which is equally difficult
   of encountering.


   Dil"et*tant`  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to dilettanteism; amateur; as,
   dilettant speculation. Carlyle.


   Dil`et*tant" (?), n. A dilettante.

     Though  few  art  lovers  can be connoisseurs, many are dilettants.


   Dil`et*tan"te  (?),  n.;  pl.  Dilettanti  (#).  [It., prop. p. pr. of
   dillettare  to  take  delight  in,  fr.  L.  delectare to delight. See
   Delight,  v.  t.]  An admirer or lover of the fine arts; popularly, an
   amateur;  especially, one who follows an art or a branch of knowledge,
   desultorily, or for amusement only.

   Page 413

     The  true  poet  is  not  an  eccentric creature, not a mere artist
     living  only  for  art,  not a dreamer or a dilettante, sipping the
     nectar   of  existence,  while  he  keeps  aloof  from  its  deeper
     interests. J. C. Shairp.


   Dil`et*tan"te*ish (?), a. Somewhat like a dilettante.


   Dil`et*tan"te*ism  (?), n. The state or quality of being a dilettante;
   the desultory pursuit of art, science, or literature.


   Dil`et*tant"ish (?), a. Dilettanteish.


   Dil`et*tant"ism (?), n. Same as Dilettanteism. F. Harrison.


   Dil"i*gence (?), n. [F. diligence, L. diligentia.]

   1.  The  quality of being diligent; carefulness; careful attention; --
   the opposite of negligence.

   2.  Interested  and  persevering  application; devoted and painstaking
   effort to accomplish what is undertaken; assiduity in service.

     That  which  ordinary  men  are fit for, I am qualified in; and the
     best of me is diligence. Shak.

   3.  (Scots Law) Process by which persons, lands, or effects are seized
   for  debt;  process  for  enforcing the attendance of witnesses or the
   production of writings.
   To  do  one's diligence, give diligence, use diligence, to exert one's
   self; to make interested and earnest endeavor.

     And  each  of  them  doth all his diligence To do unto the fest\'82
     reverence. Chaucer.

   Syn.  --  Attention;  industry;  assiduity; sedulousness; earnestness;
   constancy;  heed;  heedfulness; care; caution. -- Diligence, Industry.
   Industry has the wider sense of the two, implying an habitual devotion
   to labor for some valuable end, as knowledge, property, etc. Diligence
   denotes  earnest application to some specific object or pursuit, which
   more  or  less  directly  has  a  strong  hold  on  one's interests or
   feelings.  A  man  may  be  diligent  for  a  time, or in seeking some
   favorite  end, without meriting the title of industrious. Such was the
   case  with  Fox,  while  Burke was eminent not only for diligence, but
   industry;  he  was always at work, and always looking out for some new
   field of mental effort.

     The  sweat  of industry would dry and die, But for the end it works
     to. Shak.

     Diligence  and  accuracy  are  the  only merits which an historical
     writer ascribe to himself. Gibbon.


   Di`li*gence"  (?),  n.  [F.] A four-wheeled public stagecoach, used in


   Dil"i*gen*cy  (?),  n.  [L.  diligentia.] Diligence; care; persevering
   endeavor. [Obs.] Milton.


   Dil"i*gent  (?),  a.  [F.  diligent,  L.  diligens,  -entis, p. pr. of
   diligere,  dilectum,  to esteem highly, prefer; di- = dis- + legere to
   choose. See Legend.]

   1. Prosecuted with careful attention and effort; careful; painstaking;
   not careless or negligent.

     The judges shall make diligent inquisition. Deut. xix. 18.

   2.  Interestedly  and  perseveringly  attentive; steady and earnest in
   application to a subject or pursuit; assiduous; industrious.

     Seest  thou  a  man diligent in his business? he shall stand before
     kings. Prov. xxii. 29.

     Diligent cultivation of elegant literature. Prescott.

   Syn.   --   Active;   assiduous;   sedulous;  laborious;  persevering;
   attentive; industrious.


   Dil"i*gent*ly,   adv.  In  a  diligent  manner;  not  carelessly;  not
   negligently; with industry or assiduity.

     Ye diligently keep commandments of the Lord your God. Deut. vi. 17.


   Dill  (?),  n. [AS dile; akin to D. dille, OHG. tilli, G. dill, dille,
   Sw.  dill,  Dan.  dild.]  (Bot.)  An herb (Peucedanum graveolens), the
   seeds of which are moderately warming, pungent, and aromatic, and were
   formerly  used  as  a  soothing  medicine for children; -- called also
   dill-seed.<-- now Anethum graveolens --> Dr. Prior.


   Dill,  v.  t.  [OE.  dillen,  fr.  dul dull, a.] To still; to calm; to
   soothe, as one in pain. [Obs.]


   Dil"ling (?), n. A darling; a favorite. [Obs.]

     Whilst the birds billing, Each one with his dilling. Drayton.


   Dil*lu"ing  (?),  n.  (Min.)  A process of sorting ore by washing in a
   hand sieve. [Written also deluing.]


   Dil"ly  (?),  n.  [Contr.  fr.  diligence.] A kind of stagecoach. "The
   Derby dilly." J. H. Frere.


   Dil"ly-dal`ly  (?),  v.  i. [See Dally.] To loiter or trifle; to waste


   Di*log"ic*al (?), a. Ambiguous; of double meaning. [Obs.] T. Adams.


   Dil"o*gy  (?),  n.;  pl.  Dilogies  (#).  [L.  dilogia, Gr. (Rhet.) An
   ambiguous speech; a figure in which a word is used an equivocal sense.


   Di*lu"cid  (?),  a.  [L. dilucidus, fr. dilucere to be light enough to
   distinguish  objects apart. See Lucid.] Clear; lucid. [Obs.] Bacon. --
   Di*lu"cid*ly, adv. [Obs.] -- Di`lu*cid"i*ty (#), n. [Obs.]


   Di*lu"ci*date  (?),  v.  t.  [L. dilucidatus, p. p. of dilucidare.] To
   elucidate. [Obs.] Boyle.


   Di*lu`ci*da"tion  (?),  n.  [L. dilucidatio.] The act of making clear.
   [Obs.] Boyle.


   Dil"u*ent  (?), a. [L. diluens, p. pr. diluere. See Dilute.] Diluting;
   making thinner or weaker by admixture, esp. of water. Arbuthnot.


   Dil"u*ent, n.

   1. That which dilutes.

   2.  (Med.)  An  agent used for effecting dilution of the blood; a weak

     There is no real diluent but water. Arbuthnot.


   Di*lute"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Diluted; p. pr. & vb. n. Diluting.]
   [L.  dilutus,  p.  p.  of  diluere  to wash away, dilute; di- = dis- +
   luere, equiv. to lavare to wash, lave. See Lave, and cf. Deluge.]

   1. To make thinner or more liquid by admixture with something; to thin
   and dissolve by mixing.

     Mix  their  watery  store.  With the chyle's current, and dilute it
     more. Blackmore.

   2.  To  diminish  the strength, flavor, color, etc., of, by mixing; to
   reduce,  especially by the addition of water; to temper; to attenuate;
   to weaken.

     Lest  these colors should be diluted and weakened by the mixture of
     any adventitious light. Sir I. Newton.


   Di*lute"  (?),  v.  i.  To  become  attenuated,  thin, or weak; as, it
   dilutes easily.


   Di*lute" (?), a. [L. dilutus, p. p.] Diluted; thin; weak.

     A dilute and waterish exposition. Hopkins.


   Di*lut"ed  (?),  a.  Reduced in strength; thin; weak. -- Di*lut"ed*ly,


   Di*lute"ness  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being dilute. Bp.


   Di*lut"er  (?), n. One who, or that which, dilutes or makes thin, more
   liquid, or weaker.


   Di*lu"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  dilution.] The act of diluting, or the
   state of being diluted. Arbuthnot.


   Di*lu"vi*al (?), a. [L. diluvialis. fr. diluvium.]

   1.  Of or pertaining to a flood or deluge, esp. to the great deluge in
   the days of Noah; diluvian.

   2. (Geol.) Effected or produced by a flood or deluge of water; -- said
   of  coarse  and  imperfectly  stratified  deposits  along  ancient  or
   existing  water  courses. Similar unstratified deposits were formed by
   the agency of ice. The time of deposition has been called the Diluvian


   Di*lu"vi*al*ist,  n.  One  who  explains  geological  phenomena by the
   Noachian deluge. Lyell.


   Di*lu"vi*an  (?),  a. [Cf. F. diluvien.] Of or pertaining to a deluge,
   esp.  to  the  Noachian  deluge;  diluvial;  as,  of  diluvian origin.


   Di*lu"vi*ate  (?), v. i. [L. diluviare.] To run as a flood. [Obs.] Sir
   E. Sandys.


   Di*lu"vi*um  (?),  n.;  pl.  E.  Diluviums  (#),  L.  Diluvia (#). [L.
   diluvium.  See Dilute, Deluge.] (Geol.) A deposit of superficial loam,
   sand, gravel, stones, etc., caused by former action of flowing waters,
   or the melting of glacial ice.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ac cumulation of matter by the ordinary operation
     of water is termed alluvium.


   Dim  (?), a. [Compar. Dimmer (?); superl. Dimmest (?).] [AS. dim; akin
   to  OFries.  dim,  Icel.  dimmr: cf. MHG. timmer, timber; of uncertain

   1.  Not bright or distinct; wanting luminousness or clearness; obscure
   in  luster  or  sound;  dusky; darkish; obscure; indistinct; overcast;

     The dim magnificence of poetry. Whewell.

     How is the gold become dim! Lam. iv. 1.

     I never saw The heavens so dim by day. Shak.

     Three  sleepless  nights I passed in sounding on, Through words and
     things, a dim and perilous way. Wordsworth.

   2. Of obscure vision; not seeing clearly; hence, dull of apprehension;
   of weak perception; obtuse.

     Mine eye also is dim by reason of sorrow. Job xvii. 7.

     The understanding is dim. Rogers.

     NOTE: &hand; Obvious compounds: dim-eyed; dim-sighted, etc.

   Syn.  --  Obscure;  dusky; dark; mysterious; imperfect; dull; sullied;


   Dim, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dimmed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dimming.]

   1.  To  render dim, obscure, or dark; to make less bright or distinct;
   to  take  away  the  luster  of;  to  darken;  to dull; to obscure; to

     A king among his courtiers, who dims all his attendants. Dryden.

     Now set the sun, and twilight dimmed the ways. Cowper.

   2.  To  deprive  of  distinct  vision;  to hinder from seeing clearly,
   either  by  dazzling  or  clouding  the  eyes; to darken the senses or
   understanding of.

     Her starry eyes were dimmed with streaming tears. C. Pitt.


   Dim, v. i. To grow dim. J. C. Shairp.


   Dim"ble  (?),  n. [Prob. orig., a cavity, and the same word as dimple.
   See Dimple.] A bower; a dingle. [Obs.] Drayton.


   Dime  (?),  n. [F. d\'8cme tithe, OF. disme, fr. L. decimus the tenth,
   fr.  decem  ten.  See Decimal.] A silver coin of the United States, of
   the  value  of  ten cents; the tenth of a dollar. Dime novel, a novel,
   commonly  sensational  and  trashy,  which  is sold for a dime, or ten


   Di*men"sion  (?),  n. [L. dimensio, fr. dimensus, p. p. of dimetiri to
   measure  out;  di-  =  dis- + metiri to measure: cf. F. dimension. See

   1. Measure in a single line, as length, breadth, height, thickness, or
   circumference;  extension;  measurement;  --  usually,  in the plural,
   measure  in  length and breadth, or in length, breadth, and thickness;
   extent;  size;  as,  the  dimensions  of  a  room,  or  of a ship; the
   dimensions of a farm, of a kingdom.

     Gentlemen of more than ordinary dimensions. W. Irving.

   Space  of  dimension,  extension  that  has  length  but no breadth or
   thickness;  a  straight  or  curved  line. -- Space of two dimensions,
   extension  which  has length and breadth, but no thickness; a plane or
   curved  surface.  --  Space  of  three dimensions, extension which has
   length,  breadth, and thickness; a solid. -- Space of four dimensions,
   as  imaginary  kind  of  extension,  which  is assumed to have length,
   breadth,  thickness,  and  also a fourth imaginary dimension. Space of
   five  or  six,  or  more  dimensions  is  also  sometimes  assumed  in

   2.   Extent;   reach;  scope;  importance;  as,  a  project  of  large

   3.  (Math.)  The  degree  of  manifoldness  of a quantity; as, time is
   quantity  having  one dimension; volume has three dimensions, relative
   to extension.

   4.  (Alg.) A literal factor, as numbered in characterizing a term. The
   term dimensions forms with the cardinal numbers a phrase equivalent to
   degree  with the ordinal; thus, a2b2c is a term of five dimensions, or
   of the fifth degree.

   5.  pl.  (Phys.)  The manifoldness with which the fundamental units of
   time,  length, and mass are involved in determining the units of other
   physical  quantities. Thus, since the unit of velocity varies directly
   as  the  unit  of  length  and  inversely  as  the  unit  of time, the
   dimensions  of  velocity  are  said  to  be  length  &divby; time; the
   dimensions   of  work  are  mass    (length)2  &divby;  (time)2;  the
   dimensions  of  density  are  mass  &divby; (length)3. <-- dimensional
   lumber -->
   Dimension  lumber,  Dimension  scantling,  OR Dimension stock (Carp.),
   lumber  for  building, etc., cut to the sizes usually in demand, or to
   special sizes as ordered. -- Dimension stone, stone delivered from the
   quarry  rough,  but brought to such sizes as are requisite for cutting
   to dimensions given.


   Di*men"sion*al (?), a. Pertaining to dimension.


   Di*men"sioned (?), a. Having dimensions. [R.]


   Di*men"sion*less  (?), a. Without dimensions; having no appreciable or
   noteworthy extent. Milton.


   Di*men"si*ty (?), n. Dimension. [R.] Howell.


   Di*men"sive  (?),  a.  Without  dimensions;  marking dimensions or the

     Who can draw the soul's dimensive lines? Sir J. Davies.


   Dim"e*ra  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) (a) A division of
   Coleoptera,  having  two  joints  to  the tarsi. (b) A division of the
   Hemiptera, including the aphids.


   Dim"er*an (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Dimera.


   Dim"er*ous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Composed  of, or having, two parts of each

     NOTE: &hand; A  di merous fl ower ha s tw o sepals, two petals, two
     stamens, and two pistils.


   Dim"e*ter  (?),  a.  [L.  dimeter, Gr. Having two poetical measures or
   meters. -- n. A verse of two meters.


   Di*meth"yl  (?), n. [Pref. di- + methyl.] (Chem.) Ethane; -- sometimes
   so  called  because regarded as consisting of two methyl radicals. See


   Di*met"ric (?), a. [See Dimeter, a.] (Crystallog.) Same as Tetragonal.


   Dim`i*ca"tion  (?), n. [L. dimicatio, fr. dimicare to fight.] A fight;
   contest. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Di*mid"i*ate  (?), a. [L. dimidiatus, p. p. of dimidiare to halve, fr.
   dimidius half. See Demi-.]

   1. Divided into two equal parts; reduced to half in shape or form.

   2.  (Biol.)  (a)  Consisting  of  only  one  half  of  what the normal
   condition  requires;  having the appearance of lacking one half; as, a
   dimidiate  leaf,  which  has  only  one side developed. (b) Having the
   organs   of  one  side,  or  half,  different  in  function  from  the
   corresponding organs on the other side; as, dimidiate hermaphroditism.


   Di*mid"i*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Dimidiated; p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To divide into two equal parts. [Obs.] Cockeram.

   2. (Her.) To represent the half of; to halve.


   Di*mid`i*a"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  dimidiatio.] The act of dimidiating or
   halving; the state of being dimidiate.


   Di*min"ish  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Diminished (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Diminishing.]  [Pref.  di-  (= L. dis-) + minish: cf. L. diminuere, F.
   diminuer, OE. diminuen. See Dis-, and Minish.]

   1.  To  make  smaller  in  any manner; to reduce in bulk or amount; to
   lessen; -- opposed to augment or increase.

     Not diminish, but rather increase, the debt. Barrow.

   2.  To lessen the authority or dignity of; to put down; to degrade; to
   abase; to weaken.

     This doth nothing diminish their opinion. Robynson (More's Utopia).

     I  will  diminish  them,  that  they  shall  no  more rule over the
     nations. Ezek. xxix. 15.

     O  thou  .  .  . at whose sight all the stars Hide their diminished
     heads. Milton.

   3.  (Mus.)  To make smaller by a half step; to make (an interval) less
   than minor; as, a diminished seventh.

   4. To take away; to subtract.

     Neither shall ye diminish aught from it. Deut. iv. 2.

   Diminished column, one whose upper diameter is less than the lower. --
   Diminished,  OR  Diminishing,  scale,  a  scale  of  gradation used in
   finding  the  different  points  for  drawing  the spiral curve of the
   volute. Gwilt. -- Diminishing rule (Arch.), a board cut with a concave
   edge,  for fixing the entasis and curvature of a shaft. -- Diminishing
   stile  (Arch.), a stile which is narrower in one part than in another,
   as  in  many glazed doors. Syn. -- To decrease; lessen; abate; reduce;
   contract; curtail; impair; degrade. See Decrease.


   Di*min"ish,  v. i. To become or appear less or smaller; to lessen; as,
   the apparent size of an object diminishes as we recede from it.


   Di*min"ish*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being diminished or lessened.


   Di*min"ish*er  (?),  n.  One  who, or that which, diminishes anything.
   Clerke (1637).


   Di*min"ish*ing*ly, adv. In a manner to diminish.


   Di*min"ish*ment (?), n. Diminution. [R.] Cheke.


   Di*min`u*en"do  (?),  adv.  [It.,  p.  pr.  of diminuere to diminish.]
   (Mus.)  In  a  gradually  diminishing  manner; with abatement of tone;
   decrescendo;  --  expressed  on  the  staff by Dim., or Dimin., or the


   Di*min"u*ent   (?),  a.  [L.  diminuens,  p.  pr.  of  diminuere.  See
   Diminish.] Lessening. Bp. Sanderson.


   Dim`i*nu"tal (?), a. Indicating or causing diminution. Earle.


   Dim"i*nute (?), a. Small; diminished; diminutive. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.


   Dim"i*nute*ly, adv. Diminutively. [Obs.]


   Dim`i*nu"tion (?), n. [L. diminutio, or perh. rather deminutio: cf. F.
   diminution. See Diminish.]

   1.  The  act  of  diminishing, or of making or becoming less; state of
   being  diminished;  reduction in size, quantity, or degree; -- opposed
   to augmentation or increase.

   2.  The  act  of  lessening  dignity or consideration, or the state of
   being  deprived  of  dignity;  a  lowering in estimation; degradation;

     The world's opinion or diminution of me. Eikon Basilike.

     Nor  thinks  it  diminution  to  be  ranked In military honor next.

   Page 414

   3. (Law) Omission, inaccuracy, or defect in a record.

   4.  (Mus.)  In counterpoint, the imitation of, or reply to, a subject,
   in notes of half the length or value of those the subject itself. Syn.
   -- Decrease; decay; abatement; reduction; deduction; decrement.


   Di*min`u*ti"val    (?),    a.   Indicating   diminution;   diminutive.
   "Diminutival forms" [of words]. Earle. -- n. A diminutive. Earle.


   Di*min"u*tive (?), a. [Cf. L. deminutivus, F. diminutif.]

   1. Below the average size; very small; little.

   2. Expressing diminution; as, a diminutive word.

   3. Tending to diminish. [R.]

     Diminutive of liberty. Shaftesbury.


   Di*min"u*tive, n.

   1. Something of very small size or value; an insignificant thing.

     Such water flies, diminutives of nature. Shak.

   2.  (Gram.)  A  derivative  from  a  noun, denoting a small or a young
   object  of  the  same  kind  with  that  denoted by the primitive; as,
   gosling, eaglet, lambkin.

     Babyisms and dear diminutives. Tennyson.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e wo rd so metimes de notes a derivative verb which
     expresses a diminutive or petty form of the action, as scribble.


   Di*min"u*tive*ly, adv. In a diminutive manner.


   Di*min"u*tive*ness,  n.  The  quality  of being diminutive; smallness;
   littleness; minuteness.


   Dim"ish (?), a. See Dimmish.


   Di*mis"sion  (?),  n.  [L.  dimissio.  See Dimit, and cf. Dismission.]
   Leave to depart; a dismissing. [Obs.] Barrow.


   Dim"is*so*ry  (?;  277),  a.  [L.  dimissorius: cf. F. dimissoire. See
   Dimit.]  Sending  away;  dismissing  to another jurisdiction; granting
   leave  to depart. Letters dimissory (Eccl.), letters given by a bishop
   dismissing  a  person  who  is  removing  into  another  diocese,  and
   recommending him for reception there. Hook.


   Di*mit"  (?), v. t. [L. dimittere to send away, ledi- = dis- + mittere
   to send. See Dismiss.] To dismiss, let go, or release. [Obs.]


   Dim"i*ty  (?), n. [Prob. fr. Gr. diemet, of F. dimite, d\'82mitte. Cf.
   Samite.]   A   cotton  fabric  employed  for  hangings  and  furniture
   coverings, and formerly used for women's under-garments. It is of many
   patterns,  both  plain  and  twilled,  and  occasionally is printed in


   Dim"ly, adv. In a dim or obscure manner; not brightly or clearly; with
   imperfect sight.

                                Dimmish, Dimmy

   Dim"mish  (?),  Dim"my  (?), a. Somewhat dim; as, dimmish eyes. "Dimmy
   clouds." Sir P. Sidney.


   Dim"ness, n. [AS. dimness.]

   1. The state or quality

   2.  Dullness,  or  want  of  clearness,  of  vision or of intellectual
   perception.  Dr.  H.  More.  Syn.  --  Darkness; obscurity; gloom. See


   Di"morph`  (?),  n.  [Gr.  Di-)  + (Crystallog.) Either one of the two
   forms  of  a  dimorphous  substance;  as,  calcite  and  aragonite are


   Di*mor"phic (?), a. Having the property of dimorphism; dimorphous.


   Di*mor"phism (?), n. [Cf. F. dimorphisme.]

   1.  (Biol.) Difference of form between members of the same species, as
   when  a  plant has two kinds of flowers, both hermaphrodite (as in the
   partridge  berry), or when there are two forms of one or both sexes of
   the same species of butterfly.

     Dimorphism  is  the condition of the appearance of the same species
     under two dissimilar forms. Darwin.

   2.  (Crystallog.) Crystallization in two independent forms of the same
   chemical compound, as of calcium carbonate as calcite and aragonite.


   Di*mor"phous (?), a. [Cf. F. dimorphe.]

   1.  (Biol.)  Characterized by dimorphism; occurring under two distinct
   forms, not dependent on sex; dimorphic.

   2.   (Crystallog.)   Crystallizing   under   two  forms  fundamentally
   different, while having the same chemical composition.


   Dim"ple  (?),  n.  [Prob.  a  nasalized  dim. of dip. See Dip, and cf.

   1.  A  slight natural depression or indentation on the surface of some
   part of the body, esp. on the cheek or chin. Milton.

     The dimple of her chin. Prior.

   2. A slight indentation on any surface.

     The  garden pool's dark surface . . . Breaks into dimples small and
     bright. Wordsworth.


   Dim"ple,  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Dimpled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dimpling
   (?).]   To   form   dimples;   to  sink  into  depressions  or  little

     And smiling eddies dimpled on the main. Dryden.


   Dim"ple, v. t. To mark with dimples or dimplelike depressions. Shak.


   Dim"ple*ment (?), n. The state of being dimpled, or marked with gentle
   depressions. [R.]

     The ground's most gentle dimplement. Mrs. Browning.


   Dim"ply  (?),  a.  Full of dimples, or small depressions; dimpled; as,
   the dimply pool. Thomson.


   Dim"-sight`ed  (?),  a.  Having  dim  sight;  lacking  perception.  --
   Dim"-sight`ed*ness, n.

                                Dimya, Dimyaria

   Dim"y*a (?), Dim`y*a"ri*a (, n.; pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An order
   of   lamellibranchiate  mollusks  having  an  anterior  and  posterior
   adductor muscle, as the common clam. See Bivalve.


   Dim`y*a"ri*an  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Like or pertaining to the Dimya. --
   n. One of the Dimya.


   Dim"y*a*ry (?), a. & n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Dimyarian.


   Din  (?),  n. [AS. dyne, dyn; akin to Icel. dynr, and to AS. dynian to
   resound,  Icel.  dynja  to pour down like hail or rain; cf. Skr. dhuni
   roaring,  a  torrent,  dhvan  to sound. Cf. Dun to ask payment.] Loud,
   confused, harsh noise; a loud, continuous, rattling or clanging sound;
   clamor; roar.

     Think you a little din can daunt mine ears? Shak.

     He knew the battle's din afar. Sir W. Scott.

     The dust and din and steam of town. Tennyson.


   Din,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Dinned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dinning.] [AS.
   dynian. See Din, n.]

   1.  To  strike  with confused or clanging sound; to stun with loud and
   continued  noise;  to  harass  with  clamor;  as, to din the ears with

   2. To utter with a din; to repeat noisily; to ding.

     This hath been often dinned in my ears. Swift.

   To  din  into,  to  fix  in  the mind of another by frequent and noisy
   repetitions. Sir W. Scott.


   Din, v. i. To sound with a din; a ding.

     The gay viol dinning in the dale. A. Seward.


   Di*naph"thyl  (?),  n. [Pref. di- + naphthylene.] (Chem.) A colorless,
   crystalline   hydrocarbon,  C20H14,  obtained  from  naphthylene,  and
   consisting of a doubled naphthylene radical.


   Di"nar (?), n. [Ar. d, from Gr. denarius. See Denier.]

   1. A petty money of accounts of Persia.

   2. An ancient gold coin of the East.


   Di"nar*chy (?), n. See Diarchy.


   Dine  (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Dined (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dining.] [F.
   d\'8cner,  OF.  disner,  LL. disnare, contr. fr. an assumed disjunare;
   dis-  +  an  assumed  junare (OF. juner) to fast, for L. jejunare, fr.
   jejunus  fasting. See Jejune, and cf. Dinner, D.] To eat the principal
   regular meal of the day; to take dinner.

     Now can I break my fast, dine, sup, and sleep. Shak.

   To  dine  with Duke Humphrey, to go without dinner; -- a phrase common
   in  Elizabethan  literature,  said to be from the practice of the poor
   gentry,  who  beguiled the dinner hour by a promenade near the tomb of
   Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, in Old Saint Paul's.


   Dine, v. t.

   1.  To  give a dinner to; to furnish with the chief meal; to feed; as,
   to dine a hundred men.

     A  table  massive  enough  to  have dined Johnnie Armstrong and his
     merry men. Sir W. Scott.

   2. To dine upon; to have to eat. [Obs.] "What will ye dine." Chaucer.


   Din"er (?), n. One who dines.


   Din"er-out`  (?), n. One who often takes his dinner away from home, or
   in company.

     A brilliant diner-out, though but a curate. Byron.


   Di*net"ic*al (?), a. [Gr. Revolving on an axis. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Ding (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dinged (?), Dang (Obs.), or Dung (Obs.);
   p.  pr. & vb. n. Dinging.] [OE. dingen, dengen; akin to AS. dencgan to
   knock, Icel. dengja to beat, hammer, Sw. d\'84nga, G. dengeln.]

   1. To dash; to throw violently. [Obs.]

     To ding the book a coit's distance from him. Milton.

   2. To cause to sound or ring.
   To  ding (anything) in one's ears, to impress one by noisy repetition,
   as if by hammering.


   Ding, v. i.

   1. To strike; to thump; to pound. [Obs.]

     Diken, or delven, or dingen upon sheaves. Piers Plowman.

   2. To sound, as a bell; to ring; to clang.

     The fretful tinkling of the convent bell evermore dinging among the
     mountain echoes. W. Irving.

   3.  To  talk  with vehemence, importunity, or reiteration; to bluster.


   Ding, n. A thump or stroke, especially of a bell.


   Ding"dong` (?), n. [See Ding.]

   1.  The  sound of, or as of, repeated strokes on a metallic body, as a
   bell; a repeated and monotonous sound.

   2.  (Horol.)  An  attachment to a clock by which the quarter hours are
   struck upon bells of different tones.

                             Dingey, Dingy, Dinghy

   Din"gey (?), Din"gy, Din"ghy, n. [Bengalee dingi.]

   1.  A  kind  of  boat used in the East Indies. [Written also dinghey.]

   2. A ship's smallest boat.


   Din"gi*ly (?), adv. In a dingy manner.


   Din"gi*ness, n. Quality of being dingy; a dusky hue.


   Din"gle  (?),  n.  [Of uncertain origin: cf. AS. ding prison; or perh.
   akin  to  dimble.] A narrow dale; a small dell; a small, secluded, and
   embowered valley.


   Din"gle-dan`gle (?), adv. In a dangling manner.


   Din"go  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A wild dog found in Australia, but supposed
   to  have  introduced  at  a very early period. It has a wolflike face,
   bushy tail, and a reddish brown color.


   Ding"thrift` (?), n. A spendthrift. [Obs.]

     Wilt  thou,  therefore,  a  drunkard  be, A dingthrift and a knave?


   Din"gy  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Dingier (?); superl. Dingiest.] [Prob. fr.
   dung.  Cf.  Dungy.]  Soiled;  sullied;  of a dark or dusky color; dark
   brown; dirty. "Scraps of dingy paper." Macaulay.


   Di*nich"thys  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) A genus of large extinct
   Devonian  ganoid  fishes.  In  some  parts  of  Ohio  remains  of  the
   Dinichthys are abundant, indicating animals twenty feet in length.


   Din"ing (?), n. & a. from Dine, a.

     NOTE: &hand; Us ed ei ther ad jectively or  as  the first part of a
     compound;  as,  dining  hall  or  dining-hall,  dining room, dining
     table, etc.


   Dink  (?),  a.  [Etymol.  uncertain.]  Trim;  neat.  [Scot.] Burns. --
   Dink"ly, adv.


   Dink, v. t. To deck; -- often with out or up. [Scot.]


   Din"mont  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A wether sheep between one and two years
   old. [Scot.]


   Din"ner (?), n. [F. d\'8cner, fr. d\'8cner to dine. See Dine.]

   1.  The  principal meal of the day, eaten by most people about midday,
   but by many (especially in cities) at a later hour.

   2. An entertainment; a feast.

     A grand political dinner. Tennyson.

     NOTE: &hand; Di nner is  mu ch us ed, in  an  obvious sense, either
     adjectively or as the first part of a compound; as, dinner time, or
     dinner-time, dinner bell, dinner hour, etc.


   Din"ner*less, a. Having no dinner. Fuller.


   Din"ner*ly, a. Of or pertaining to dinner. [R.]

     The dinnerly officer. Copley.


   Di*noc"e*ras  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) A genus of large extinct
   Eocene   mammals  from  Wyoming;  --  called  also  Uintatherium.  See
   Illustration in Appendix.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ey were herbivorous, and remarkable for three pairs
     of hornlike protuberances on the skull. The males were armed with a
     pair of powerful canine tusks.


   Di*nor"nis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Paleon.)  A  genus of extinct,
   ostrichlike  birds  of  gigantic  size,  which  formerly inhabited New
   Zealand. See Moa. [Written also Deinornis.]

                             Dinosaur, Dinosaurian

   Di"no*saur  (?),  Di`no*sau"ri*an  (?),  n.  [Gr. (Paleon.) One of the
   Dinosauria. [Written also deinosaur, and deinosaurian.]


   Di`no*sau"ri*a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) An order of extinct
   mesozoic   reptiles,   mostly   of   large  size  (whence  the  name).
   Notwithstanding  their  size,  they present birdlike characters in the
   skeleton,  esp.  in  the  pelvis  and hind limbs. Some walked on their
   three-toed   hind  feet,  thus  producing  the  large  "bird  tracks,"
   so-called,   of   mesozoic   sandstones;  others  were  five-toed  and
   quadrupedal.  See  Illust.  of  Compsognathus,  also  Illustration  of
   Dinosaur in Appendix.

                            Dinothere, Dinotherium

   Di"no*there  (?),  Di`no*the"ri*um  (?),  n. [NL. dinotherium, fr. Gr.
   (Paleon.) A large extinct proboscidean mammal from the miocene beds of
   Europe and Asia. It is remarkable fora pair of tusks directed downward
   from the decurved apex of the lower jaw.


   Din*ox"ide (?), n. (Chem.) Same as Dioxide.


   Din"some (?), a. Full of din. [Scot.] Burns.


   Dint  (?),  n.  [OE. dint, dent, dunt, a blow, AS. dynt; akin to Icel.
   dyntr a dint, dynta to dint, and perh. to L. fendere (in composition).
   Cf. 1st Dent, Defend.]

   1.  A  blow;  a  stroke. [Obs.] "Mortal dint." Milton. "Like thunder's
   dint." Fairfax.

   2.  The  mark  left  by  a  blow; an indentation or impression made by
   violence; a dent. Dryden.

     Every dint a sword had beaten in it [the shield]. Tennyson.

   3. Force; power; -- esp. in the phrase by dint of.

     Now you weep; and, I perceive, you feel The dint of pity. Shak.

     It was by dint of passing strength That he moved the massy stone at
     length. Sir W. Scott.


   Dint,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dinted; p. pr. & vb. n. Dinting.] To make a
   mark  or  cavity  on  or in, by a blow or by pressure; to dent. Donne.


   Di*nu`mer*a"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  dinumeratio; di- = dis- + numerare to
   count, fr. numerus number.] Enumeration. [Obs.] Bullokar.


   Di*oc"e*san (?; 277), a. [LL. dioecesanus: cf. F. dioc\'82sain.] Of or
   pertaining to a diocese; as, diocesan missions.


   Di*oc"e*san, n.

   1.  A  bishop,  viewed in relation to his diocese; as, the diocesan of
   New York.

   2. pl. The clergy or the people of a diocese. Strype.


   Di"o*cese  (?),  n.;  pl.  Dioceses (#). [OE. diocise, OF. diocise, F.
   dioc\'82se,  L.  dioecesis,  fr.  Gr. Economy.] (Eccl.) The circuit or
   extent  of  a  bishop's  jurisdiction;  the district in which a bishop
   exercises  his  ecclesiastical authority. [Frequently, but improperly,
   spelt diocess.]


   Di`o*ce"se*ner (?), n. One who belongs to a diocese. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Di"o*don (?), n. [Gr. diodon.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of spinose, plectognath fishes, having the teeth
   of  each  jaw  united  into  a single beaklike plate. They are able to
   inflate  the  body  by  taking in air or water, and, hence, are called
   globefishes, swellfishes, etc. fishes, and sea hedgehogs.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of whales.


   Di"o*dont  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Like or pertaining to the genus Diodon.
   -- n. A fish of the genus Diodon, or an allied genus.

   Page 415


   Di*\'d2"ci*a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr.

   1.  (Bot.) A Linn\'91an class of plants having the stamens and pistils
   on different plants.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) A subclass of gastropod mollusks in which the sexes are
   separate.  It  includes  most  of  the  large marine species, like the
   conchs, cones, and cowries.

                            Di\'d2cian, Di\'d2cious

   Di*\'d2"cian  (?),  Di*\'d2"cious  (?), a. (Biol.) Having the sexes in
   applied  to plants in which the female flowers occur on one individual
   and the male flowers on another of the same species, and to animals in
   which  the  ovum  is  produced by one individual and the sperm cell by
   another; -- opposed to mon\'d2cious.


   Di*\'d2"cious*ly,  adv. (Biol.) In a di\'d2cious manner. Di\'d2ciously
   hermaphrodite   (Bot.),   having  flowers  structurally  perfect,  but
   practically  di\'d2cious,  --  those on one plant producing no pollen,
   and those on another no ovules.


   Di*\'d2"cious*ness,   n.   (Biol.)  The  state  or  quality  of  being


   Di*\'d2"cism (?), n. (Biol.) The condition of being di\'d2cious.


   Di*og"e*nes  (?),  n.  A  Greek Cynic philosopher (412?-323 B. C.) who
   lived  much in Athens and was distinguished for contempt of the common
   aims and conditions of life, and for sharp, caustic sayings. Diogenes'
   crab  (Zo\'94l.),  a  species  of  terrestrial  hermit crabs (Cenobita
   Diogenes), abundant in the West Indies and often destructive to crops.
   --  Diogenes'  tub,  the tub which the philosopher Diogenes is said to
   have carried about with him as his house, in which he lived.


   Di*oi"cous (?), a. See Di\'d2cious.


   Di*om`e*de"a  (?),  n.  [NL.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A genus of large sea birds,
   including the albatross. See Albatross.


   Di`o*n\'91"a  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) An insectivorous plant. See
   Venus's flytrap.


   Di`o*ny"sian (?), a. Relating to Dionysius, a monk of the 6th century;
   as,  the  Dionysian,  or Christian, era. Dionysian period, a period of
   532  years,  depending  on  the cycle of the sun, or 28 years, and the
   cycle  of the moon, or 19 years; -- sometimes called the Greek paschal
   cycle, or Victorian period.
   Di`o*phan"tine  (?),  a. Originated or taught by Diophantus, the Greek
   writer  on  algebra.  Diophantine  analysis  (Alg.),  that  branch  of
   indeterminate  analysis  which  has  for  its  object the discovery of
   rational  values  that  satisfy  given equations containing squares or
   cubes;  as,  for example, to find values of x and y which make x2 + y2
   an exact square.
   Di*op"side  (?),  n.  [Gr. diopside.] (Min.) A crystallized variety of
   pyroxene, of a clear, grayish green color; mussite.
   Di*op"tase  (?),  n.  [Gr.  dioptase.]  (Min.)  A  hydrous silicate of
   copper, occurring in emerald-green crystals.
                               Diopter, Dioptra
   Di*op"ter  (?),  Di*op"tra  (?), n. [L. dioptra, fr. Gr. Dioptric.] An
   optical  instrument,  invented  by  Hipparchus,  for taking altitudes,
   leveling, etc. 


   Di*op"tre  (?),  n.  [F. See 2d Dioptric.] (Optics) A unit employed by
   oculists  in  numbering  glasses  according  to  the  metric system; a
   refractive  power  equal  to  that  of  a  glass whose principal focal
   distance is one meter.


   Di*op"tric (?), a. (Optics) Of or pertaining to the dioptre, or to the
   metric system of numbering glasses. -- n. A dioptre. See Dioptre.

                             Dioptric, Dioptrical

   Di*op"tric   (?),  Di*op"tric*al  (?),  a.  [Gr.  dioptrique.]  Of  or
   pertaining  to  dioptrics; assisting vision by means of the refraction
   of  light;  refractive;  as,  the dioptric system; a dioptric glass or
   telescope.  "Dioptrical principles." Nichol. Dioptric curve (Geom.), a
   Cartesian oval. See under Cartesian.


   Di*op"trics  (?),  n.  [Gr.  dioptrique.]  (Optics) The science of the
   refraction  of  light; that part of geometrical optics which treats of
   the  laws  of  the refraction of light in passing from one medium into
   another,  or  through  different mediums, as air, water, or glass, and
   esp. through different lenses; -- distinguished from catoptrics, which
   refers to reflected light.


   Di*op"try (?), n. (Optics) A dioptre.


   Di`o*ra"ma (?), n. [Gr. diorama. Cf. Panorama.]

   1.  A  mode of scenic representation, invented by Daguerre and Bouton,
   in  which  a painting is seen from a distance through a large opening.
   By   a   combination  of  transparent  and  opaque  painting,  and  of
   transmitted  and  reflected light, and by contrivances such as screens
   and shutters, much diversity of scenic effect is produced.

   2. A building used for such an exhibition.


   Di`o*ram"ic (?), a. Pertaining to a diorama.


   Di"o*rism  (?),  n.  [Gr. Definition; logical direction. [Obs.] Dr. H.


   Di`o*ris"tic  (?), a. [Gr. Distinguishing; distinctive; defining. [R.]
   -- Di`o*ris"tic*al*ly (#), adv. [R.] Dr. H. More.


   Di"o*rite  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. diorite. See Diorism.] (Min.) An igneous,
   crystalline  in  structure,  consisting  essentially  of  a  triclinic
   feldspar   and  hornblende.  It  includes  part  of  what  was  called


   Di`o*rit"ic (?), a. Containing diorite.


   Di`or*thot"ic (?), a. [Gr. Relating to the correcting or straightening
   out of something; corrective.


   Di`os*co"re*a   (?),   n.  [NL.  Named  after  Dioscorides  the  Greek
   physician.] (Bot.) A genus of plants. See Yam.


   Di*o"ta  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr.  Gr. (Rom. Antiq.) A vase or drinking cup
   having two handles or ears.


   Di*ox"ide  (?;  104),  n.  [Pref.  di-  + oxide.] (Chem.) (a) An oxide
   containing  two  atoms  of  oxygen  in each molecule; binoxide. (b) An
   oxide  containing  but  one  atom  or equivalent of oxygen to two of a
   metal;  a  suboxide.  [Obs.]  Carbon dioxide. See Carbonic acid, under


   Di`ox*in"dol  (?),  n.  [Pref. di- + oxygen + indol.] (Chem.) A white,
   crystalline,  nitrogenous  substance  obtained  by  the  reduction  of
   isatin. It is a member of the indol series; -- hence its name.


   Dip  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Dipped (?) or Dipt (p. pr. & vb. n.
   Dipping.]  [OE.  dippen,  duppen,  AS. dyppan; akin to Dan. dyppe, Sw.
   doppa,  and  to  AS.  d  to  baptize, OS. d, D. doopen, G. taufen, Sw.
   d\'94pa,  Goth. daupjan, Lith. dubus deep, hollow, OSlav. dupl hollow,
   and to E. dive. Cf. Deep, Dive.]

   1.  To  plunge  or  immerse;  especially,  to  put for a moment into a
   liquid; to insert into a fluid and withdraw again.

     The priest shall dip his finger in the blood. Lev. iv. 6.

     [Wat'ry fowl] now dip their pinions in the briny deep. Pope.

     While the prime swallow dips his wing. Tennyson.

   2.  To  immerse  for  baptism; to baptize by immersion. Book of Common
   Prayer. Fuller.

   3. To wet, as if by immersing; to moisten. [Poetic]

     A cold shuddering dew Dips me all o'er. Milton.

   4. To plunge or engage thoroughly in any affair.

     He was . . . dipt in the rebellion of the Commons. Dryden.

   5.  To take out, by dipping a dipper, ladle, or other receptacle, into
   a  fluid and removing a part; -- often with out; as, to dip water from
   a boiler; to dip out water.

   6. To engage as a pledge; to mortgage. [Obs.]

     Live on the use and never dip thy lands. Dryden.

   Dipped  candle,  a  candle made by repeatedly dipping a wick in melted
   tallow.  --  To dip snuff, to take snuff by rubbing it on the gums and
   teeth.  [Southern  U.  S.]  -- To dip the colors (Naut.), to lower the
   colors and return them to place; -- a form of naval salute.


   Dip, v. i.

   1. To immerse one's self; to become plunged in a liquid; to sink.

     The sun's rim dips; the stars rush out. Coleridge.

   2.  To  perform  the  action of plunging some receptacle, as a dipper,
   ladle. etc.; into a liquid or a soft substance and removing a part.

     Whoever dips too deep will find death in the pot. L'Estrange.

   3. To pierce; to penetrate; -- followed by in or into.

     When I dipt into the future. Tennyson.

   4. To enter slightly or cursorily; to engage one's self desultorily or
   by  the  way; to partake limitedly; -- followed by in or into. "Dipped
   into a multitude of books." Macaulay.

   5.  To  incline  downward from the plane of the horizon; as, strata of
   rock dip.

   6. To dip snuff. [Southern U.S.]


   Dip, n.

   1.  The action of dipping or plunging for a moment into a liquid. "The
   dip of oars in unison." Glover.

   2.  Inclination  downward;  direction  below a horizontal line; slope;

   3.  A  liquid,  as  a  sauce or gravy, served at table with a ladle or
   spoon. [Local, U.S.] Bartlett.

   4. A dipped candle. [Colloq.] Marryat.
   Dip  of  the  horizon (Astron.), the angular depression of the seen or
   visible  horizon  below  the true or natural horizon; the angle at the
   eye  of an observer between a horizontal line and a tangent drawn from
   the eye to the surface of the ocean. -- Dip of the needle, OR Magnetic
   dip,  the  angle  formed,  in  a vertical plane, by a freely suspended
   magnetic  needle,  or  the  line  of magnetic force, with a horizontal
   line;  --  called  also  inclination. -- Dip of a stratum (Geol.), its
   greatest  angle  of  inclination  to  the  horizon,  or that of a line
   perpendicular to its direction or strike; -- called also the pitch.


   Di*pas"chal  (?),  a.  [Pref. di- + paschal.] Including two passovers.


   Dip"chick` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Dabchick.


   Di*pet"al*ous  (?),  a.  [Pref.  di-  +  petalous.]  (Bot.) Having two
   petals; two-petaled.


   Di*phe"nyl  (?),  n. [Pref. di- + phenyl.] (Chem.) A white crystalline
   substance,  C6H5.C6H5,  obtained  by  leading benzene through a heated
   iron tube. It consists of two benzene or phenyl radicals united.


   Diph*the"ri*a  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. membrane): cf. depsere to knead.]
   (Med.)  A very dangerous contagious disease in which the air passages,
   and  especially  the  throat,  become  coated  with  a false membrane,
   produced  by  the  solidification  of  an  inflammatory exudation. Cf.

                            Diphtherial, Diphtheric

   Diph*the"ri*al  (?),  Diph*ther"ic  (?),  a.  Relating  to diphtheria;


   Diph`the*rit"ic (?), a. (Med.)

   1. Pertaining to, or connected with, diphtheria.

   2.   Having   characteristics  resembling  those  of  diphtheria;  as,
   diphtheritic inflammation of the bladder.


   Diph"thong  (?;  115,  277),  n.  [L.  diphthongus,  Gr. diphthongue.]
   (Ortho\'89py)  (a) A coalition or union of two vowel sounds pronounced
   in  one  syllable;  as,  ou  in  out,  oi in noise; -- called a proper
   diphthong.  (b)  A  vowel  digraph;  a union of two vowels in the same
   syllable,  only  one  of  them  being  sounded;  as, ai in rain, eo in
   people; -- called an improper diphthong.


   Diph"thong,  v.  t. To form or pronounce as a diphthong; diphthongize.


   Diph*thon"gal  (?;  115),  a.  Relating  or  belonging to a diphthong;
   having the nature of a diphthong. -- Diph*thon"gal*ly, adv.


   Diph*thon"gal*ize  (?;  115),  v.  t.  To  make  into  a diphthong; to
   pronounce as a diphthong.


   Diph`thon*ga"tion (?), n. See Diphthongization.


   Diph*thong"ic (?; 115), a. Of the nature of diphthong; diphthongal. H.


   Diph`thong*i*za"tion  (?), n. The act of changing into a diphthong. H.


   Diph"thong*ize  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  To change into a diphthong, as by
   affixing  another  vowel  to  a  simple vowel. "The diphthongized long
   vowels." H. Sweet.


   Diph`y*cer"cal  (?),  a. [Gr. (Anat.) Having the tail fin divided into
   two  equal  parts  by  the  notochord, or end of the vertebral column;
   protocercal. See Protocercal.


   Diph`y*gen"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  -genic.] (Zo\'94l.) Having two modes of
   embryonic development.


   Diph"yl*lous  (?),  a.  [Gr. diphylle.] (Bot.) Having two leaves, as a
   calyx, etc.


   Diph"y*o*dont (?), a. [Gr. (Anat.) Having two successive sets of teeth
   (deciduous  and permanent), one succeeding the other; as, a diphyodont
   mammal;  diphyodont  dentition;  --  opposed to monophyodont. -- n. An
   animal having two successive sets of teeth.


   Diph`y*o*zo"oid   (?),   n.   [Gr.   zooid.]  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  the
   free-swimming sexual zooids of Siphonophora.


   Di*pla"nar  (?),  a.  [Pref. di- + plane.] (Math.) Of or pertaining to
   two planes.


   Di*plei"do*scope  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -scope.] (Astron.) An instrument for
   determining  the time of apparent noon. It consists of two mirrors and
   a  plane  glass  disposed  in  the  form  of  a prism, so that, by the
   reflections  of  the  sun's  rays  from their surfaces, two images are
   presented to the eye, moving in opposite directions, and coinciding at
   the instant the sun's center is on the meridian.


   Dip`lo*blas"tic (?), a. [Gr. -blast + -ic.] (Biol.) Characterizing the
   ovum when it has two primary germinal layers.


   Dip`lo*car"di*ac  (?),  a.  [Gr.  cardiac.]  (Anat.)  Having the heart
   completely divided or double, one side systemic, the other pulmonary.


   Dip`lo*coc"cus  (?),  n.;  pl. Diplococci (#). [NL., fr. Gr. (Biol.) A
   form  of micrococcus in which cocci are united in a binary manner. See


   Dip"lo*\'89  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Anat.)  The  soft, spongy, or
   cancellated substance between the plates of the skull.


   Dip`lo*et"ic (?), a. (Anat.) Diploic.


   Dip`lo*gen"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Partaking  of the nature of two bodies;
   producing two substances. Wright.


   Di*plo"ic (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the diplo\'89.


   Dip"loid  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -oid.]  (Crystallog.)  A  solid  bounded  by
   twenty-four  similar  quadrilateral  faces. It is a hemihedral form of
   the hexoctahedron.


   Di*plo"ma (?), n.; pl. Diplomas (#). [L., fr. Gr. Double.] A letter or
   writing,  usually  under  seal,  conferring  some privilege, honor, or
   power;  a  document bearing record of a degree conferred by a literary
   society or educational institution.


   Di*plo"ma*cy  (?),  n.  [F.  diplomatie.  This  word,  like supremacy,
   retains the accent of its original. See Diploma.]

   1.  The  art  and  practice of conducting negotiations between nations
   (particularly  in  securing treaties), including the methods and forms
   usually employed.

   2. Dexterity or skill in securing advantages; tact.

   3. The body of ministers or envoys resident at a court; the diplomatic
   body. [R.] Burke.

                              Diplomat, Diplomate

   Dip"lo*mat (?), Dip"lo*mate (?), n. [F. diplomate.] A diplomatist.


   Dip"lo*mate (?), v. t. To invest with a title o [R.] Wood.


   Dip`lo*ma"tial (?), a. Diplomatic. [R.]

                           Diplomatic, Diplomatical

   Dip`lo*mat"ic (?), Dip`lo*mat"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. diplomatique.]

   1.  Pertaining  to  diplomacy;  relating to the foreign ministers at a
   court, who are called the diplomatic body.

   2.  Characterized  by  tact  and  shrewdness;  dexterous;  artful; as,
   diplomatic management.

   3. Pertaining to diplomatics; paleographic. Astle.


   Dip`lo*mat"ic,  n.  A  minister, official agent, or envoy to a foreign
   court; a diplomatist.


   Dip`lo*mat"ic*al*ly,  adv. According to the rules of diplomacy; in the
   manner of a diplomatist; artfully.


   Dip`lo*mat"ic  (?),  n.  The  science  of  diplomas,  or  the  art  of
   deciphering ancient writings, and determining their age, authenticity,
   etc.; paleography.


   Di*plo"ma*tism (?), n. Diplomacy. [R.]


   Di*plo"ma*tist (?), n. [Cf. F. diplomatiste a student of diplomatics.]
   A person employed in, or skilled in, diplomacy; a diplomat.

     In   ability,  Avaux  had  no  superior  among  the  numerous  able
     diplomatics whom his country then possessed. Macaulay.

                               Diplopia, Diplopy

   Di*plo"pi*a  (?), Dip"lo*py (?), n. [NL. diplopia, from Gr. diplopie.]
   (Med.) The act or state of seeing double.

     NOTE: &hand; In  crossed or heteronymous diplopia the image seen by
     the  right eye is upon the left hand, and that seen by the left eye
     is  upon  the  right hand. In homonymous diplopia the image seen by
     the  right  eye  is  on the right side, that by the left eye on the
     left side. In vertical diplopia one image stands above the other.

   Page 416


   Dip"lo*pod (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Diplopoda.


   Di*plop"o*da (?), n. pl. [Gr. -poda.] (Zo\'94l.) An order of myriapods
   having two pairs of legs on each segment; the Chilognatha.


   Dip`lo*stem"o*nous (?), a. [Gr. (Bot.) Having twice as many stamens as
   petals, as the geranium. R. Brown.


   Dip`lo*stem"o*ny (?), n. (Bot.) The condition of being diplostemonous.


   Dip*neu"mo*na  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A group of spiders
   having only two lunglike organs. [Written also Dipneumones.]


   Dip"no*i  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) A group of ganoid
   fishes,  including  the living genera Ceratodus and Lepidosiren, which
   present  the  closest  approximation  to the Amphibia. The air bladder
   acts as a lung, and the nostrils open inside the mouth. See Ceratodus,
   and Illustration in Appendix.


   Dip"o*dy  (?),  n.;  pl.  Dipodies (#). [Gr. (Pros.) Two metrical feet
   taken together, or included in one measure. Hadley.

     Trochaic,  iambic,  and  anapestic  verses  .  .  . are measured by
     dipodies. W. W. Goodwin.


   Di*po"lar  (?),  a. [Pre. di- + polar. Cf. Bipolar.] Having two poles,
   as a magnetic bar.

                                 Dippel's oil

   Dip"pel's  oil` (?). (Chem.) [From the name of the inventor.] See Bone
   oil, under Bone.


   Dip"per (?), n.

   1.  One  who,  or  that  which, dips; especially, a vessel used to dip
   water or other liquid; a ladle.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A small grebe; the dabchick. (b) The buffel duck.
   (c)  The  water  ouzel (Cinolus aquaticus) of Europe. (d) The American
   dipper or ouzel (Cinclus Mexicanus).
   The  Dipper  (Astron.), the seven principal stars in the constellation
   of  the  Great Bear; popularly so called from their arrangement in the
   form of a dipper; -- called also Charles's Wain. See Ursa Major, under


   Dip"ping, n.

   1. The act or process of immersing.

   2. The act of inclining downward.

   3.  The act of lifting or moving a liquid with a dipper, ladle, or the

   4.  The  process  of cleaning or brightening sheet metal or metalware,
   esp. brass, by dipping it in acids, etc.

   5.  The  practice  of taking snuff by rubbing the teeth or gums with a
   stick or brush dipped in snuff. [U.S.]
   Dipping  needle, a magnetic needle suspended at its center of gravity,
   and  moving  freely  in  a  vertical  plane,  so  as  to indicate on a
   graduated circle the magnetic dip or inclination.


   Di`pris*mat"ic (?), a. [Prefix di- + prismatic.] Doubly prismatic.


   Di`pro*par"gyl  (?),  n.  [Prefix di- + propargyl.] (Chem.) A pungent,
   mobile,  volatile  liquid,  C6H6,  produced  artificially from certain
   allyl  derivatives. Though isomeric with benzine, it is very different
   in its chemical relations. Called also dipropinyl.


   Di*pro"pyl  (?),  n.  [Pref.  di- + propyl.] (Chem.) One of the hexane
   paraffins,  found in petroleum, consisting of two propyl radicals. See


   Di*pro"to*don  (?),  n. [Gr. (Paleon.) An extinct Quaternary marsupial
   from  Australia,  about  as  large  as  the  hippopotamus; -- so named
   because of its two large front teeth. See Illustration in Appendix.


   Dip"sas (?), n. [L., fr. Gr.

   1. A serpent whose bite was fabled to produce intense thirst. Milton.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of harmless colubrine snakes.


   Dip*set"ic (?), a. [Gr. Tending to produce thirst. Wright.


   Dip`so*ma"ni*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) A morbid an uncontrollable
   craving  (often  periodic) for drink, esp. for alcoholic liquors; also
   improperly used to denote acute and chronic alcoholism.


   Dip`so*ma"ni*ac  (?),  n.  One  who  has  an  irrepressible desire for
   alcoholic drinks.


   Dip`so*ma*ni"a*cal (?), a. Of or pertaining to dipsomania.


   Dip*so"sis  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Excessive thirst produced by


   Dip"te*ra  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  dipt\'8are.]  (Zo\'94l.) An
   extensive  order  of  insects having only two functional wings and two
   balancers,  as  the  house  fly,  mosquito, etc. They have a suctorial
   proboscis,  often  including  two pairs of sharp organs (mandibles and
   maxill\'91) with which they pierce the skin of animals. They undergo a
   complete  metamorphosis, their larv\'91 (called maggots) being usually
   without feet.


   Dip"ter*al (?), a.

   1. (Zo\'94l.) Having two wings only; belonging to the order Diptera.

   2.  (Anc. Arch.) Having a double row of columns on each on the flanks,
   as well as in front and rear; -- said of a temple.


   Dip"ter*an (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) An insect of the order Diptera.


   Dip`te*ro*car"pus  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A genus of trees found
   in  the  East  Indies, some species of which produce a fragrant resin,
   other species wood oil. The fruit has two long wings.


   Dip"ter*ous (?), a.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having two wings, as certain insects; belonging to the
   order Diptera.

   2. (Bot.) Having two wings; two-winged.


   Dip`ter*yg"i*an  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) Having two dorsal fins; --
   said of certain fishes.


   Dip"tote  (?),  n.  [Gr.  diptote.]  (Gram.) A noun which has only two
   cases. Andrews.


   Dip"tych (?), n. [L. diptycha, pl., fr. Gr.

   1. Anything consisting of two leaves. Especially: (a) (Roman Antiq.) A
   writing tablet consisting of two leaves of rigid material connected by
   hinges  and shutting together so as to protect the writing within. (b)
   A  picture  or  series of pictures painted on two tablets connected by
   hinges. See Triptych.

   2. A double catalogue, containing in one part the names of living, and
   in the other of deceased, ecclesiastics and benefactors of the church;
   a catalogue of saints.


   Di*pyre"  (?),  n. [Gr. (Min.) A mineral of the scapolite group; -- so
   called  from  the  double  effect  of  fire upon it, in fusing it, and
   rendering it phosphorescent.


   Di`py*re"nous  (?),  a.  [Pref.  di-  + pyrene.] (Bot.) Containing two
   stones or nutlets.


   Di*pyr"i*dine (?; 104), n. [Pref. di- + pyridine.] (Geom.) A polymeric
   form  of pyridine, C10H10N2, obtained as a colorless oil by the action
   of sodium on pyridine.


   Di*pyr"i*dil  (?),  n.  [Pref.  di-  +  pyridine  +  -yl.]  (Chem.)  A
   crystalline  nitrogenous  base,  C10H8N2, obtained by the reduction of


   Di*ra`di*a"tion  (?),  n.  [Pref.  di-  + radiation.] The emission and
   diffusion of rays of light.


   Dire  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Direr  (?);  superl.  Direst.] [L. dirus; of
   uncertain origin.]

   1. Ill-boding; portentous; as, dire omens.

   2.  Evil  in  great  degree;  dreadful;  dismal;  horrible;  terrible;

     Dire was the tossing, deep the groans. Milton.

     Gorgons and hydras and chimeras dire. Milton.


   Di*rect"  (?),  a.  [L.  directus, p. p. of dirigere to direct: cf. F.
   direct. See Dress, and cf. Dirge.]

   1. Straight; not crooked, oblique, or circuitous; leading by the short
   or shortest way to a point or end; as, a direct line; direct means.

     What is direct to, what slides by, the question. Locke.

   2.  Straightforward;  not  of crooked ways, or swerving from truth and
   openness; sincere; outspoken.

     Be even and direct with me. Shak.

   3. Immediate; express; plain; unambiguous.

     He howhere, that I know, says it in direct words. Locke.

     A direct and avowed interference with elections. Hallam.

   4.  In  the  line  of descent; not collateral; as, a descendant in the
   direct line.

   5. (Astron.) In the direction of the general planetary motion, or from
   west  to  east;  in the order of the signs; not retrograde; -- said of
   the motion of a celestial body.
   Direct action. (Mach.) See Direct-acting. -- Direct discourse (Gram.),
   the language of any one quoted without change in its form; as, he said
   "I can not come;" -- correlative to indirect discourse, in which there
   is  change of form; as, he said that he could not come. They are often
   called  respectively  by their Latin names, oratio directa, and oratio
   obliqua.  --  Direct evidence (Law), evidence which is positive or not
   inferential;  --  opposed to circumstantial, or indirect, evidence. --
   This  distinction, however, is merely formal, since there is no direct
   evidence that is not circumstantial, or dependent on circumstances for
   its  credibility.  Wharton.  --  Direct  examination  (Law), the first
   examination  of  a  witness  in  the  orderly course, upon the merits.
   Abbott.  --  Direct  fire  (Mil.),  fire,  the  direction  of which is
   perpendicular  to  the  line  of troops or to the parapet aimed at. --
   Direct  process  (Metal.), one which yields metal in working condition
   by  a  single  process  from  the  ore.  Knight.  -- Direct tax, a tax
   assessed  directly on lands, etc., and polls, distinguished from taxes
   on merchandise, or customs, and from excise.


   Di*rect"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Directed;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.

   1.  To  arrange  in  a  direct or straight line, as against a mark, or
   towards a goal; to point; to aim; as, to direct an arrow or a piece of

   2. To point out or show to (any one), as the direct or right course or
   way;  to  guide, as by pointing out the way; as, he directed me to the
   left-hand road.

     The Lord direct your into the love of God. 2 Thess. iii. 5.

     The next points to which I will direct your attention. Lubbock.

   3.  To  determine  the  direction or course of; to cause to go on in a
   particular  manner; to order in the way to a certain end; to regulate;
   to  govern;  as, to direct the affairs of a nation or the movements of
   an army.

     I will direct their work in truth. Is. lxi. 8.

   4.  To  point  out  to  with  authority; to instruct as a superior; to
   order; as, he directed them to go.

     I 'll first direct my men what they shall do. Shak.

   5.  To  put  a  direction  or  address upon; to mark with the name and
   residence  of the person to whom anything is sent; to superscribe; as,
   to  direct a letter. Syn. -- To guide; lead; conduct; dispose; manage;
   regulate; order; instruct; command.


   Di*rect"  (?),  v. i. To give direction; to point out a course; to act
   as guide.

     Wisdom is profitable to direct. Eccl. x. 10.


   Di*rect", n. (Mus.) A character, thus [ Moore (Encyc. of Music).


   Di*rect"-act`ing  (?),  a.  (Mach.)  Acting directly, as one part upon
   another,   without   the   intervention   of   other   working  parts.
   Direct-acting  steam engine, one in which motion is transmitted to the
   crank  without  the  intervention  of  a beam or lever; -- also called
   direct-action  steam engine. -- Direct-acting steam pump, one in which
   the  steam piston rod is directly connected with the pump rod; -- also
   called direct-action steam pump.
   Di*rect"er  (?),  n.  One  who  directs;  a  director.  Directer plane
   (Geom.),  the  plane  to  which  all  right-lined elements in a warped
   surface are parallel.


   Di*rec"tion (?), n. [L. directio: cf. F. direction.]

   1.  The act of directing, of aiming, regulating, guiding, or ordering;
   guidance;   management;   superintendence;   administration;  as,  the
   direction o.

     I do commit his youth To your direction. Shak.

     All  nature  is  but  art,  unknown to thee;< ll chance, direction,
     which thou canst not see. Pope.

   2.  That  which  is  imposed  by directing; a guiding or authoritative
   instruction;  prescription; order; command; as, he grave directions to
   the servants.

     The  princes  digged  the  well  .  . . by the direction of the law
     giver. Numb. xxi. 18.

   3.  The  name  and  residence  of  a person to whom any thing is sent,
   written   upon  the  thing  sent;  superscription;  address;  as,  the
   direction of a letter.

   4.  The line or course upon which anything is moving or aimed to move,
   or  in  which  anything  is  lying  or pointing; aim; line or point of
   tendency;   direct   line   or  course;  as,  the  ship  sailed  in  a
   southeasterly direction.

   5.  The  body  of  managers  of  a corporation or enterprise; board of

   6.  (Gun.)  The  pointing  of  a  piece with reference to an imaginary
   vertical axis; -- distinguished from elevation. The direction is given
   when  the  plane  of sight passes through the object. Wilhelm. Syn. --
   Administration;   guidance;  management;  superintendence;  oversight;
   government;  order; command; guide; clew. Direction, Control, Command,
   Order.  These  words, as here compared, have reference to the exercise
   of  power  over  the  actions of others. Control is negative, denoting
   power  to  restrain;  command is positive, implying a right to enforce
   obedience; directions are commands containing instructions how to act.
   Order  conveys  more  prominently  the idea of authority than the word
   direction. A shipmaster has the command of his vessel; he gives orders
   or  directions  to  the  seamen  as  to  the  mode  of sailing it; and
   exercises a due control over the passengers.


   Di*rect"ive (?), a. [LL. directivus: cf. F. directif.]

   1.  Having  power  to  direct;  tending  to  direct, guide, or govern;
   showing the way. Hooker.

     The precepts directive of our practice in relation to God. Barrow.

   2. Able to be directed; manageable. [Obs.]

     Swords and bows Directive by the limbs. Shak.


   Di*rect"ly, adv.

   1.  In a direct manner; in a straight line or course. "To run directly
   on." Shak.

     Indirectly  and  directly  too Thou hast contrived against the very
     life Of the defendant. Shak.

   2.  In  a  straightforward  way;  without anything intervening; not by
   secondary, but by direct, means.

   3. Without circumlocution or ambiguity; absolutely; in express terms.

     No  man  hath  hitherto  been so impious as plainly and directly to
     condemn prayer. Hooker.

   4. Exactly; just.

     Stand you directly in Antonius' way. Shak.

   5. Straightforwardly; honestly.

     I have dealt most directly in thy affair. Shak.

   6. Manifestly; openly. [Obs.]

     Desdemona is directly in love with him. Shak.

   7.  Straightway;  next in order; without delay; immediately. "Will she
   go now to bed?' Directly
   .'" Shak.

   8. Immediately after; as soon as.

     Directly he stopped, the coffin was removed. Dickens.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is use of the word is common in England, especially
     in   colloquial  speech,  but  it  can  hardly  be  regarded  as  a
     well-sanctioned or desirable use.

   Directly proportional (Math.), proportional in the order of the terms;
   increasing  or  decreasing  together,  and  with  a constant ratio; --
   opposed  to  inversely  proportional.  Syn. -- Immediately; forthwith;
   straightway;   instantly;  instantaneously;  soon;  promptly;  openly;
   expressly.   --  Directly,  Immediately,  Instantly,  Instantaneously.
   Directly  denotes,  without  any  delay  or  diversion  of  attention;
   immediately  implies,  without  any interposition of other occupation;
   instantly implies, without any intervention of time. Hence, "I will do
   it  directly,"  means, "I will go straightway about it." "I will do it
   immediately," means, "I will do it as the very next thing." "I will do
   it  instantly,"  allows not a particle of delay. Instantaneously, like
   instantly, marks an interval too small to be appreciable, but commonly
   relates   to   physical   causes;  as,  the  powder  touched  by  fire
   instantaneously exploded.
   Page 417


   Di*rect"ness  (?),  n.  The  quality  of  being  direct; straightness;
   straightforwardness; immediateness.


   Di*rect"or (?), n. [Cf. F. directeur.]

   1.  One  who,  or  that  which, directs; one who regulates, guides, or
   orders; a manager or superintendent.

     In all affairs thou sole director. Swift.

   2.  One  of  a  body  of  persons appointed to manage the affairs of a
   company  or  corporation;  as,  the  directors  of  a  bank, insurance
   company, or railroad company.

     What made directors cheat in South-Sea year? Pope.

   3.  (Mech.) A part of a machine or instrument which directs its motion
   or action.

   4.  (Surg.) A slender grooved instrument upon which a knife is made to
   slide  when  it is wished to limit the extent of motion of the latter,
   or prevent its injuring the parts beneath.


   Di*rect"o*rate  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. directorat.] The office of director;
   also, a body of directors taken jointly.


   Di*rec*to"ri*al (?), a. [Cf. F. directorial.]

   1.   Having  the  quality  of  a  director,  or  authoritative  guide;

   2. Pertaining to: director or directory; specifically, relating to the
   Directory of France under the first republic. See Directory, 3.

     Whoever  goes  to  the  directorial  presence  under this passport.


   Di*rect"or*ship  (?),  n.  The  condition  or  office  of  a director;


   Di*rect"o*ry   (?),   a.   [L.  directorius.]  Containing  directions;
   enjoining; instructing; directorial.


   Di*rect"o*ry, n.; pl. Directories (.

   1.  A  collection or body of directions, rules, or ordinances; esp., a
   book  of directions for the conduct of worship; as, the Directory used
   by the nonconformists instead of the Prayer Book.

   2.  A  book  containing the names and residences of the inhabitants of
   any  place,  or  of  classes  of them; an address book; as, a business
   directory. <-- as, a telephone directory. -->

   3.  [Cf.  F.  directoire.]  A  body of directors; board of management;
   especially, a committee which held executive power in France under the
   first republic.

   4. Direction; guide. [R.] Whitlock.


   Di*rect"ress, n. A woman who directs. Bp. Hurd.


   Di*rect"rix (?), n.; pl. E. Directrixes (, L. Directrices (.

   1. A directress. [R.] Jer. Taylor.

   2.  (Geom.)  (a)  A line along which a point in another line moves, or
   which  in  any  way governs the motion of the point and determines the
   position  of  the  curve  generated  by  it;  the line along which the
   generatrix  moves  in  generating  a  surface.  (b) A straight line so
   situated  with  respect  to  a  conic section that the distance of any
   point of the curve from it has a constant ratio to the distance of the
   same point from the focus.


   Dire"ful  (?), a. [Dire + -ful.] Dire; dreadful; terrible; calamitous;
   woeful;  as,  a  direful fiend; a direful day. -- Dire"ful*ly, adv. --
   Dire"ful*ness, n.


   Dire"ly, adv. In a dire manner. Drayton.


   Di*rempt" (?; 215), a. [L. diremptus, p. p. of dirimere to take apart,
   separate;  di-  =  dis-  +  emere  to  buy,  orig., to take.] Divided;
   separated. [Obs.] Stow.


   Di*rempt",  v.  t.  To  separate  by  force;  to  tear  apart.  [Obs.]


   Di*remp"tion   (?),  n.  [L.  diremptio.]  A  tearing  apart;  violent
   separation. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.