Unabridged Dictionary - Letter Z

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                                                   Z

   Z  (z&emac;;  in  England commonly, and in America sometimes, z&ecr;d;
   formerly,  also,  &icr;z"z&ecr;rd) Z, the twenty-sixth and last letter
   of  the  English  alphabet, is a vocal consonant. It is taken from the
   Latin  letter  Z,  which  came from the Greek alphabet, this having it
   from  a  Semitic  source.  The  ultimate  origin is probably Egyptian.
   Etymologically,  it  is  most  closely  related  to s, y, and j; as in
   glass,  glaze;  E.  yoke, Gr. yugum; E. zealous, jealous. See Guide to
   Pronunciation,  273, 274.

                                      Za

   Za  (?),  n.  (Min.)  An  old  solfeggio  name for B flat; the seventh
   harmonic,  as  heard  in  the  or  \'91olian  string;  -- so called by
   Tartini.  It  was long considered a false, but is the true note of the
   chord of the flat seventh. H. W. Poole.

                                Zabaism, Zabism

   Za"ba*ism (?), Za"bism (?), n. See Sabianism.

                                    Zabian

   Za"bi*an (?), a. & n. See Sabian.

                                     Zacco

   Zac"co (?), n. (Arch.) See Zocco.

                                    Zachun

   Za*chun"  (?), n. (Bot.) An oil pressed by the Arabs from the fruit of
   a  small  thorny  tree (Balanites \'92gyptiaca), and sold to piligrims
   for a healing ointment. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).

                                    Zaerthe

   Zaer"the (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Z&aum;rthe.

                                    Zaffer

   Zaf"fer  (?),  n. [F. zafre, safre; cf. Sp. zafra, safra, It. saffera,
   G.  zaffer;  all  probably  of  Arabic origin. Cf. Zaphara.] A pigment
   obtained,  usually by roasting cobalt glance with sand or quartz, as a
   dark earthy powder. It consists of crude cobalt oxide, or of an impure
   cobalt  arseniate.  It is used in porcelain painting, and in enameling
   pottery,  to produce a blue color, and is often confounded with smalt,
   from  which,  however,  it  is distinct, as it contains no potash. The
   name  is  often  loosely  applied  to  mixtures  of zaffer proper with
   silica,  or  oxides of iron, manganese, etc. [Written also zaffre, and
   formerly zaffree, zaffar, zaffir.]

                                     Zaim

   Zaim (?; 277), n. [Turk. & Ar. za'\'c6m.] A Turkish chief who supports
   a mounted militia bearing the same name. Smart.

                                    Zaimet

   Zaim"et (?; 277), n. [Turk. & Ar. za'\'c6met.] A district from which a
   Zaim draws his revenue. Smart.

                                     Zain

   Zain  (?),  n.  A  horse  of a dark color, neither gray nor white, and
   having no spots. Smart.

                                 Zalambdodont

   Za*lamb"do*dont  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  a tribe
   (Zalambdodonta)  of  Insectivora in which the molar teeth have but one
   V-shaped ridge.

                                 Zalambdodont

   Za*lamb"do*dont,  n.  One of the Zalambdodonta. The tenrec, solenodon,
   and golden moles are examples.

                                    Zamang

   Za*mang"  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  An  immense leguminous tree (Pithecolobium
   Saman) of Venezuela. Its branches form a hemispherical mass, often one
   hundred and eighty feet across. The sweet pulpy pods are used commonly
   for  feeding  cattle.  Also  called  rain  tree. J. Smith (Dict. Econ.
   Plants).

                                     Zambo

   Zam"bo  (?),  n.;  pl. Zambos (#). [See Sambo.] The child of a mulatto
   and a negro; also, the child of an Indian and a negro; colloquially or
   humorously, a negro; a sambo.

                                     Zamia

   Za"mi*a  (?), n. [L. zamia a kind of fir cone, from Gr. (Bot.) A genus
   of  cycadaceous  plants,  having the appearance of low palms, but with
   exogenous wood. See Coontie, and Illust. of Strobile.

                                   Zamindar

   Zam`in*dar"   (?),   n.   [Hind.   zem\'c6nd\'ber,  zam\'c6nd\'ber,  a
   landholder,  Per.  zam\'c6nd\'ber;  zam\'c6n  land  d\'ber holding.] A
   landowner;  also, a collector of land revenue; now, usually, a kind of
   feudatory recognized as an actual proprietor so long as he pays to the
   government a certain fixed revenue. [Written also zemindar.] [India]

                             Zamindary, Zamindari

   Zam"in*da*ry (?), Zam"in*da*ri (?), n. The jurisdiction of a zamindar;
   the land possessed by a zamindar. [Written also zemindary, zemindari.]

                                    Zamite

   Za"mite (?), n. (Paleon.) A fossil cycad of the genus Zamia.

                                    Zamouse

   Za*mouse"  (?),  n.  [From  a  native name.] (Zo\'94l.) A West African
   buffalo  (Bubalus  brachyceros)  having  short  horns depressed at the
   base, and large ears fringed internally with three rows of long hairs.
   It  is  destitute  of  a dewlap. Called also short-horned buffalo, and
   bush cow.

                                   Zampogna

   Zam*po"gna  (?),  n.  [It.]  (Mus.)  A sort of bagpipe formerly in use
   among  Italian  peasants.  It  is  now  almost obsolete. [Written also
   zampugna.]

                                    Zander

   Zan"der  (?),  n. [Cf. D. zand sand.] (Zo\'94l.) A European pike perch
   (Stizostedion  lucioperca)  allied  to  the  wall-eye;  -- called also
   sandari, sander, sannat, schill, and zant.

                                   Zandmole

   Zand"mole`  (?), n. [Cf. D. zand sand. See Sand, and Mole the animal.]
   (Zo\'94l.) The sand mole.

                                     Zante

   Zan"te (?), n. (Bot.) See Zantewood.

                                 Zante currant

   Zan"te  cur"rant (?). A kind of seedless grape or raisin; -- so called
   from Zante, one of the Ionian Islands.

                                   Zantewood

   Zan"te*wood`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) (a) A yellow dyewood; fustet; -- called
   also  zante,  and zante fustic. See Fustet, and the Note under Fustic.
   (b) Satinwood (Chloroxylon Swietenia).

                                    Zantiot

   Zan"ti*ot  (?),  n. A native or inhabitant of Zante, one of the Ionian
   Islands.

                                     Zany

   Za"ny  (?),  n.;  pl.  Zanies (#). [It. zanni a buffoon, merry-andrew,
   orig.  same  as  Giovanni  John,  i.  e.,  merry John, L. Ioannes, Gr.
   Y\'d3kh\'ben\'ben,  prop.,  the Lord graciously gave: cf. F. zani, fr.
   the Italian. Cf. Jenneting.] A merry-andrew; a buffoon.

     Then  write  that I may follow, and so be Thy echo, thy debtor, thy
     foil, thy zany. Donne.

     Preacher at once, and zany of thy age. Pope.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1678

                                     Zany

   Za"ny (?), v. t. To mimic. [Obs.]

     Your  part  is  acted;  give  me  leave  at  distance  To  zany it.
     Massinger.

                                    Zanyism

   Za"ny*ism (?), n. State or character of a zany; buffoonery. Coleridge.
   H. Morley.

                                    Zaphara

   Zaph"a*ra (?), n. Zaffer.

                                  Zaphrentis

   Za*phren"tis   (?),   n.   [NL.]   (Paleon.)   An   extinct  genus  of
   cyathophylloid  corals  common  in  the  Paleozoic  formations.  It is
   cup-shaped with numerous septa, and with a deep pit in one side of the
   cup.

                                   Zapotilla

   Zap`o*til"la (?), n. (Bot.) See Sapodilla.

                                    Zaptiah

   Zap"ti*ah (?), n. A Turkish policeman. [Written also zaptieh.]

                          Zarathustrian, Zarathustric

   Zar`a*thus"tri*an  (?),  Zar`a*thus"tric  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to
   Zarathustra, or Zoroaster; Zoroastrian. Tylor.

                                 Zarathustrism

   Zar`a*thus"trism (?), n. See Zoroastrianism.

                                   Zaratite

   Zar"a*tite  (?),  n.  (Min.)  [Named  after  Gen.  Zarata of Spain.] A
   hydrous carbonate of nickel occurring as an emerald-green incrustation
   on chromite; -- called also emerald nickel.

                                    Zareba

   Za*re"ba  (?),  n. (Mil.) An improvised stockade; especially, one made
   of thorn bushes, etc. [Written also zareeba, and zeriba.] [Egypt]

     "Ah,"  he  moralizes,  "what wonderful instinct on the part of this
     little  creature  to  surround itself with a zareba like the troops
     after Osman Digma." R. Jefferies.

                                    Zarnich

   Zar"nich  (?), n. [F., fr. Ar. az-zern\'c6kh, fr. Gr. Arsenic.] (Min.)
   Native  sulphide  of  arsenic,  including  sandarach,  or realgar, and
   orpiment.

                                   Z\'84rthe

   Z\'84r"the  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  European  bream  (Abramis vimba).
   [Written also zaerthe.]

                                     Zati

   Za"ti  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  species  of macaque (Macacus pileatus)
   native  of  India  and  Ceylon. It has a crown of long erect hair, and
   tuft  of  radiating  hairs on the back of the head. Called also capped
   macaque.

                                  Zauschneria

   Zau*schne"ri*a  (?),  n.  [NL.,  named  for  M.  Zauschner, a Bohemian
   botanist.] (Bot.) A genus of flowering plants. Zauschneria Californica
   is  a  suffrutescent perennial, with showy red flowers much resembling
   those of the garden fuchsia.

                                      Zax

   Zax  (?),  n.  A  tool  for  trimming  and  puncturing roofing states.
   [Written also sax.]

                                     Zayat

   Za"yat  (?;  277),  n.  A  public  shed,  or  portico,  for travelers,
   worshipers, etc. [Burmah]

                                      Zea

   Ze"a  (?),  n.  [L.,  a  kind of grain, fr. Gr. yava barley.] (Bot.) A
   genus of large grasses of which the Indian corn (Zea Mays) is the only
   species known. Its origin is not yet ascertained. See Maize.

                                     Zeal

   Zeal  (?), n. [F. z\'8ale; cf. Pg. & It. zelo, Sp. zelo, celo; from L.
   zelus, Gr. Yeast, Jealous.]

   1.  Passionate ardor in the pursuit of anything; eagerness in favor of
   a   person   or   cause;  ardent  and  active  interest;  engagedness;
   enthusiasm;  fervor.  "Ambition  varnished  o'er  with  zeal." Milton.
   "Zeal,  the  blind conductor of the will." Dryden. "Zeal's never-dying
   fire." Keble.

     I  bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according
     to knowledge. Rom. x. 2.

     A zeal for liberty is sometimes an eagerness to subvert with little
     care what shall be established. Johnson.

   2. A zealot. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

                                     Zeal

   Zeal, v. i. To be zealous. [Obs. & R.] Bacon.

                                    Zealant

   Zeal"ant (?), n. One who is zealous; a zealot; an enthusiast. [Obs.]

     To certain zealants, all speech of pacification is odious. Bacon.

                                    Zealed

   Zealed  (?),  a.  Full  of zeal; characterized by zeal. [Obs.] "Zealed
   religion." Beau. & Fl.

                                    Zealful

   Zeal"ful (?), a. Full of zeal. [R.] Sylvester.

                                   Zealless

   Zeal"less (?), a. Wanting zeal. Hammond.

                                    Zealot

   Zeal"ot  (?),  n.  [F.  z\'82lote,  L.  zelotes, Gr. Zeal.] One who is
   zealous;  one  who engages warmly in any cause, and pursues his object
   with  earnestness  and  ardor;  especially, one who is overzealous, or
   carried  away  by  his  zeal; one absorbed in devotion to anything; an
   enthusiast; a fanatical partisan.

     Zealots  for  the  one  [tradition]  were  in hostile array against
     zealots for the other. Sir J. Stephen.

     In  Ayrshire,  Clydesdale,  Nithisdale, Annandale, every parish was
     visited by these turbulent zealots. Macaulay.

                                  Zealotical

   Zea*lot"ic*al  (?),  a.  Like,  or  suitable  to,  a  zealot; ardently
   zealous. [R.] Strype.

                                   Zealotism

   Zeal"ot*ism (?), n. The character or conduct of a zealot; zealotry.

                                   Zealotist

   Zeal"ot*ist, n. A zealot. [Obs.] Howell.

                                   Zealotry

   Zeal"ot*ry  (?),  n. The character and behavior of a zealot; excess of
   zeal; fanatical devotion to a cause.

     Enthusiasm,  visionariness, seems the tendency of the German; zeal,
     zealotry, of the English; fanaticism, of the French. Coleridge.

                                    Zealous

   Zeal"ous (?; 277), a. [LL. zelosus. See Zeal.]

   1.  Filled with, or characterized by, zeal; warmly engaged, or ardent,
   in behalf of an object.

     He may be zealous in the salvation of souls. Law.

   2.  Filled  with  religious zeal. [Obs.] Shak. -- Zeal"ous*ly, adv. --
   Zeal"ous*ness, n.

                                     Zebec

   Ze"bec (?), n. (Naut.) See Xebec.

                                     Zebra

   Ze"bra  (?),  n.  [Pg.  zebra;  cf.  Sp. cebra; probably from a native
   African  name.]  (Zo\'94l.) Either one of two species of South African
   wild  horses  remarkable for having the body white or yellowish white,
   and conspicuously marked with dark brown or brackish bands.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e tr ue or mountain zebra (Equus, OR Asinus, zebra)
     is  nearly  white,  and the bands which cover the body and legs are
     glossy  black.  Its  tail  has  a tuft of black hair at the tip. It
     inhabits the mountains of Central and Southern Africa, and is noted
     for  its  wariness  and wildness, as well as for its swiftness. The
     second  species (Equus, OR Asinus, Burchellii), known as Burchell's
     zebra,  and  dauw,  inhabits the grassy plains of South Africa, and
     differs  from  the  preceding in not having dark bands on the legs,
     while  those  on  the  body are more irregular. It has a long tail,
     covered with long white flowing hair.

   Zebra  caterpillar,  the  larva  of an American noctuid moth (Mamestra
   picta).  It is light yellow, with a broad black stripe on the back and
   one on each side; the lateral stripes are crossed with withe lines. It
   feeds  on  cabbages,  beets,  clover,  and other cultivated plants. --
   Zebra  opossum, the zebra wolf. See under Wolf. -- Zebra parrakeet, an
   Australian grass parrakeet, often kept as a cage bird. Its upper parts
   are  mostly  pale  greenish  yellow, transversely barred with brownish
   black  crescents;  the  under parts, rump, and upper tail coverts, are
   bright  green;  two  central  tail  feathers and the cheek patches are
   blue.  Called  also  canary  parrot, scallop parrot, shell parrot, and
   undulated  parrot. -- Zebra poison (Bot.), a poisonous tree (Euphorbia
   arborea)  of the Spurge family, found in South Africa. Its milky juice
   is  so  poisonous  that  zebras  have been killed by drinking water in
   which  its  branches  had been placed, and it is also used as an arrow
   poison.  J.  Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants). -- Zebra shark. Same as Tiger
   shark,  under  Tiger.  --  Zebra  spider,  a  hunting spider. -- Zebra
   swallowtail,  a  very  large  North  American swallow-tailed butterfly
   (Iphiclides  ajax),  in which the wings are yellow, barred with black;
   -- called also ajax. -- Zebra wolf. See under Wolf.

                                   Zebrawood

   Ze"bra*wood`  (?),  n.  (a)  A  kind  of cabinet wood having beautiful
   black,  brown,  and whitish stripes, the timber of a tropical American
   tree  (Connarus  Guianensis).  (b)  The  wood  of  a small West Indian
   myrtaceous  tree  (Eugenia  fragrans).  (c) The wood of an East Indian
   tree of the genus Guettarda.

                                    Zebrine

   Ze"brine (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the zebra.

                                     Zebu

   Ze"bu  (?),  n.  [z\'82bu;  of  uncertain origin.] (Zo\'94l.) A bovine
   mammal  (Ros  Indicus)  extensively  domesticated in India, China, the
   East  Indies,  and  East  Africa.  It  usually  has short horns, large
   pendulous  ears,  slender legs, a large dewlap, and a large, prominent
   hump  over  the  shoulders;  but  these  characters  vary in different
   domestic  breeds,  which  range  in size from that of the common ox to
   that of a large mastiff.

     NOTE: &hand; So me of  th e varieties are used as beasts of burden,
     and  some  fore  for riding, while others are raised for their milk
     and  flesh.  The  Brahmin  bull, regarded as sacred by the Hindoos,
     also  belongs to this species. The male is called also Indian bull,
     Indian ox, Madras ox, and sacred bull.

                                     Zebub

   Ze"bub (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A large noxious fly of Abyssinia, which like
   the tsetse fly, is destructive to cattle.

                                    Zechin

   Ze"chin (?; 277), n. See Sequin.

                                   Zechstein

   Zech"stein`  (?),  n. [Gr., fr. zeche a mine + stein a stone.] (Geol.)
   The  upper  division  of  the Permian (Dyas) of Europe. The prevailing
   rock is a magnesian limestone.

                                      Zed

   Zed  (?),  n.  [F., probably through It. zeta, fr. L. zeta. See Zeta.]
   The  letter  Z;  --  called  also zee, and formerly izzard. "Zed, thou
   unnecessary letter!" Shak.

                                    Zedoary

   Zed"o*a*ry  (?),  n.  [F. z\'82doaire, LL. zedoaria; cf. It. zedoaria,
   zettovario,  Pg.  zedoaria, Sp. zedoaria, cedoaria; all fr. Ar. & Per.
   zedw.]  (Med.)  A  medicinal  substance  obtained  in the East Indian,
   having  a  fragrant  smell,  and a warm, bitter, aromatic taste. It is
   used in medicine as a stimulant.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  th e rh izome of different species of Curcuma,
     esp.  C. zedoaria, and comes in short, firm pieces, externally of a
     wrinkled gray, ash-colored appearance, but within of a brownish red
     color. There are two kinds, round zedoary, and long zedoary.

                                    Zeekoe

   Zee"koe (?), n. [D., sea cow, lake cow.] (Zo\'94l.) A hippopotamus.

                                    Zehner

   Zeh"ner  (?),  n. [G.] An Austrian silver coin equal to ten kreutzers,
   or about five cents.

                                     Zein

   Ze"in  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. z\'82\'8bne. See Zea.] (Chem.) A nitrogenous
   substance  of  the nature of gluten, obtained from the seeds of Indian
   corn  (Zea)  as  a  soft,  yellowish,  amorphous  substance. [Formerly
   written zeine.]

                                   Zemindar

   Zem`in*dar" (?), n. Same as Zamindar.

                             Zemindary, Zemindari

   Zem"in*da*ry (?), Zem"in*da*ri (?), n. Same as Zamindary.

                                     Zemni

   Zem"ni  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The blind mole rat (Spalax typhlus), native
   of Eastern Europe and Asia. Its eyes and ears are rudimentary, and its
   fur is soft and brownish, more or less tinged with gray. It constructs
   extensive burrows.

                                    Zenana

   Ze*na"na  (?), n. [Hind. zen\'bena, zan\'bena, fr. Per. zan\'bena, fr.
   zan  woman;  akin to E. queen.] The part of a dwelling appropriated to
   women. [India]

                                     Zend

   Zend   (?),  n.  [See  Zend-Avesta.]  Properly,  the  translation  and
   exposition  in  the  Huzv&acir;resh, or literary Pehlevi, language, of
   the  Avesta,  the  Zoroastrian  sacred writings; as commonly used, the
   language (an ancient Persian dialect) in which the Avesta is written.

                                  Zend-Avesta

   Zend`-A*ves"ta  (?), n. [Properly, the Avesta, or sacred text, and its
   zend,  or  interpretation, in a more modern and intelligible language.
   W.  D.  Whitney.] The sacred writings of the ancient Persian religion,
   attributed to Zoroaster, but chiefly of a later date.

                                    Zendik

   Zen"dik  (?),  n.  [Ar.  zand\'c6k.] An atheist or unbeliever; -- name
   given  in  the  East  to  those charged with disbelief of any revealed
   religion, or accused of magical heresies.

                                    Zenick

   Ze"nick  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A South African burrowing mammal (Suricata
   tetradactyla),  allied  to  the  civets.  It  is  grayish  brown, with
   yellowish transverse stripes on the back. Called also suricat.

                                     Zenik

   Ze"nik (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Zenick.

                                    Zenith

   Ze"nith (?; 277), n. [OE. senyth, OF. cenith, F. z\'82nith, Sp. zenit,
   cenit,  abbrev.  fr.  Ar.  samt-urras way of the head, vertical place;
   samt way, path + al the + ras head. Cf. Azimuth.]

   1. That point in the visible celestial hemisphere which is vertical to
   the  spectator; the point of the heavens directly overhead; -- opposed
   to nadir.

     From  morn  To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve, A summer's day;
     and  with  the  setting sun Dropped from the zenith, like a falling
     star. Milton.

   2. hence, figuratively, the point of culmination; the greatest height;
   the height of success or prosperity.

     I find my zenith doth depend upon A most auspicious star. Shak.

     This dead of midnight is the noon of thought, And wisdom mounts her
     zenith with the stars. Mrs. Barbauld.

     It  was  during  those  civil  troubles  . . . this aspiring family
     reached the zenith. Macaulay.

   Zenith  distance.  (Astron.)  See  under  Distance.  -- Zenith sector.
   (Astron.)  See  Sector,  3. -- Zenith telescope (Geodesy), a telescope
   specially  designed  for  determining the latitude by means of any two
   stars which pass the meridian about the same time, and at nearly equal
   distances  from the zenith, but on opposite sides of it. It turns both
   on  a  vertical  and  a  horizontal axis, is provided with a graduated
   vertical  semicircle,  and  a  level  for setting it to a given zenith
   distance,  and  with  a micrometer for measuring the difference of the
   zenith distances of the two stars.

                                   Zenithal

   Ze"nith*al  (?), a. Of or pertaining to the zenith. "The deep zenithal
   blue." Tyndall.

                                    Zeolite

   Ze"o*lite  (?),  n. [Gr. -lite: cf. F. z\'82olithe.] (Min.) A term now
   used  to  designate any one of a family of minerals, hydrous silicates
   of  alumina,  with  lime,  soda,  potash,  or  rarely baryta. Here are
   included   natrolite,   stilbite,   analcime,  chabazite,  thomsonite,
   heulandite, and others. These species occur of secondary origin in the
   cavities  of  amygdaloid,  basalt, and lava, also, less frequently, in
   granite  and gneiss. So called because many of these species intumesce
   before the blowpipe. Needle zeolite, needlestone; natrolite.

                                   Zeolitic

   Ze`o*lit"ic  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to a zeolite; consisting of, or
   resembling, a zeolite.

                                  Zeolitiform

   Ze`o*lit"i*form (?), a. Having the form of a zeolite.

                                    Zephyr

   Zeph"yr   (?),  n.  [L.  zephyrus,  Gr.  z\'82phyr.]  The  west  wind;
   poetically, any soft, gentle breeze. "Soft the zephyr blows." Gray.

     As gentle As zephyrs blowing below the violet. Shak.

   Zephyr  cloth,  a  thin  kind  of  cassimere  made in Belgium; also, a
   waterproof  fabric  of  wool.  -- Zephyr shawl, a kind of thin, light,
   embroidered  shawl  made  of  worsted  and  cotton. -- Zephyr yarn, OR
   worsted,  a  fine,  soft kind of yarn or worsted, -- used for knitting
   and embroidery.

                                   Zephyrus

   Zeph"y*rus  (?),  n.  [L.  See  Zephyr.]  The west wind, or zephyr; --
   usually  personified,  and  made  the  most mild and gentle of all the
   sylvan deities.

     Mild as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes. Milton.

                                    Zequin

   Ze"quin (?), n. See Sequin.

                                     Zerda

   Zer"da (?), n. [Of African origin.] (Zo\'94l.) The fennec.

                                    Zeriba

   Ze*ri"ba (?), n. (Mil.) Same as Zareba.

                                     Zero

   Ze"ro  (?),  n;  pl.  Zeros  (#)  or  Zeroes.  [F.  z\'82ro,  from Ar.
   &cced;afrun, &cced;ifrun, empty, a cipher. Cf. Cipher.]

   1. (Arith.) A cipher; nothing; naught.

   2.  The  point  from  which  the  graduation  of  a  scale,  as  of  a
   thermometer, commences.

     NOTE: &hand; Zero in the Centigrade, or Celsius thermometer, and in
     the  R\'82aumur  thermometer,  is  at  the  point  at  which  water
     congeals.  The  zero  of the Fahrenheit thermometer is fixed at the
     point  at  which  the  mercury stands when immersed in a mixture of
     snow and common salt. In Wedgwood's pyrometer, the zero corresponds
     with 1077\'f8 on the Fahrenheit scale. See Illust. of Thermometer.

   3.  Fig.:  The lowest point; the point of exhaustion; as, his patience
   had nearly reached zero.
   Absolute  zero. See under Absolute. -- Zero method (Physics), a method
   of  comparing,  or  measuring,  forces, electric currents, etc., by so
   opposing  them  that  the  pointer  of an indicating apparatus, or the
   needle  of  a  galvanometer,  remains  at,  or is brought to, zero, as
   contrasted  with methods in which the deflection is observed directly;
   --  called also null method. -- Zero point, the point indicating zero,
   or the commencement of a scale or reckoning.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1679

                                     Zest

   Zest  (?),  n.  [F.  zeste,  probably  fr.  L.  schistos split, cleft,
   divided, Gr. Schism.]

   1.  A  piece of orange or lemon peel, or the aromatic oil which may be
   squeezed from such peel, used to give flavor to liquor, etc.

   2.  Hence,  something  that gives or enhances a pleasant taste, or the
   taste itself; an appetizer; also, keen enjoyment; relish; gusto.

     Almighty Vanity! to thee they owe Their zest of pleasure, and their
     balm of woe. Young.

     Liberality  of  disposition  and conduct gives the highest zest and
     relish to social intercourse. Gogan.

   3. The woody, thick skin inclosing the kernel of a walnut. [Obs.]

                                     Zest

   Zest, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Zested; p. pr. & vb. n. Zesting.]

   1.  To  cut into thin slips, as the peel of an orange, lemon, etc.; to
   squeeze, as peel, over the surface of anything.

   2.  To give a relish or flavor to; to heighten the taste or relish of;
   as, to zest wine. Gibber.

                                     Zeta

   Ze"ta  (?), n. [L., from Gr. Zed.] A Greek letter [z] corresponding to
   our z.

                                    Zetetic

   Ze*tet"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  z\'82t\'82tique.]  Seeking;  proceeding  by
   inquiry. Zetetic method (Math.), the method used for finding the value
   of  unknown  quantities  by direct search, in investigation, or in the
   solution of problems. [R.] Hutton.

                                    Zetetic

   Ze*tet"ic, n. A seeker; -- a name adopted by some of the Pyrrhonists.

                                   Zetetics

   Ze*tet"ics (?), n. [See Zetetic, a.] (Math.) A branch of algebra which
   relates to the direct search for unknown quantities. [R.]

                                   Zeuglodon

   Zeu"glo*don  (?),  n. [Gr. (Paleon.) A genus of extinct Eocene whales,
   remains  of  which have been found in the Gulf States. The species had
   very   long   and   slender  bodies  and  broad  serrated  teeth.  See
   Phocodontia.

                                  Zeuglodont

   Zeu"glo*dont (?), (Zo\'94l.) Any species of Zeuglodonta.

                                  Zeuglodonta

   Zeu`glo*don"ta (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) Same as Phocodontia.

                                    Zeugma

   Zeug"ma  (?),  n.  [L.,  from  Gr. Yoke.] (Gram.) A figure by which an
   adjective  or  verb,  which  agrees  with a nearer word, is, by way of
   supplement,  referred  also  to  another  more remote; as, "hic illius
   arma, hic currus fuit;" where fuit, which agrees directly with currus,
   is referred also to arma.

                                   Zeugmatic

   Zeug*mat"ic  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to zeugma; characterized by
   zeugma.

                                Zeugobranchiata

   Zeu`go*bran`chi*a"ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Same as
   Zygobranchia.

                                     Zeus

   Zeus  (?),  n. (Gr. Myth.) The chief deity of the Greeks, and ruler of
   the upper world (cf. Hades). He was identified with Jupiter.

                                   Zeuzerian

   Zeu*ze"ri*an  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of a group of bombycid moths
   of  which  the  genus  Zeuzera is the type. Some of these moths are of
   large size. The goat moth is an example.

                                   Zeylanite

   Zey"lan*ite (?), n. (Min.) See Ceylanite.

                                 Zibet, Zibeth

   Zib"et,  Zib"eth  (?),  n.  [Cf. It. zibetto. See Civet.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   carnivorous mammal (Viverra zibetha) closely allied to the civet, from
   which  it  differs  in having the spots on the body less distinct, the
   throat whiter, and the black rings on the tail more numerous.

     NOTE: &hand; It  in habits In dia, So uthern Ch ina, an d th e East
     Indies.  It  yields  a  perfume similar to that of the civet. It is
     often  domesticated  by  the  natives,  and  then  serves  the same
     purposes  as  the  domestic  cat.  Called  also Asiatic, OR Indian,
     civet.

                                     Ziega

   Zie"ga  (?),  n.  Curd produced from milk by adding acetic acid, after
   rennet has ceased to cause coagulation. Brande & C.

                                 Zietrisikite

   Zie`tri*si"kite  (?),  n.  (Min.)  A  mineral  wax,  vert  similar  to
   ozocerite. It is found at Zietrisika, Moldavia, whence its name.

                                      Zif

   Zif  (?), n. [Heb. ziv.] The second month of the Jewish ecclesiastical
   year, corresponding to our May.

                                Zigger, Zighyr

   Zig"ger,  Zig"hyr  (?),  v.  i.  (Mining) Same as Sicker. [Prov. Eng.]
   Raymond.

                                    Zigzag

   Zig"zag`  (?),  n.  [F.  zigzag,  G.  zickzack,  from zacke, zacken, a
   dentil, tooth. Cf. Tack a small nail.]

   1. Something that has short turns or angles.

     The  fanatics going straight forward and openly, the politicians by
     the surer mode of zigzag. Burke.

   2. (Arch.) A molding running in a zigzag line; a chevron, or series of
   chevrons. See Illust. of Chevron, 3.

   3. (Fort.) See Boyau.

                                    Zigzag

   Zig"zag`  (?), a. Having short, sharp turns; running this way and that
   in an onward course.

                                    Zigzag

   Zig"zag`,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Zigzagged  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Zigzagging.] To form with short turns.

                                    Zigzag

   Zig"zag`,  v.  i.  To  move in a zigzag manner; also, to have a zigzag
   shape. R. Browning.

                                  Zigzaggery

   Zig"zag`ger*y   (?),   n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  zigzag;
   crookedness. [R.]

     The . . . zigzaggery of my father's approaches. Sterne.

                                   Zigzaggy

   Zig"zag`gy, a. Having sharp turns. Barham.

                                     Zilla

   Zil"la  (?),  n. (Bot.) A low, thorny, suffrutescent, crucifeous plant
   (Zilla  myagroides)  found  in  the  deserts  of Egypt. Its leaves are
   boiled in water, and eaten, by the Arabs.

                                    Zillah

   Zil"lah  (?),  n.  [Ar.  zila.]  A district or local division, as of a
   province. [India]

                                     Zimb

   Zimb  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A large, venomous, two-winged fly, native of
   Abyssinia.  It  is  allied to the tsetse fly, and, like the latter, is
   destructive to cattle.

                                 Ziment-water

   Zim"ent-wa`ter (?), n. [G. cement-wasser. See Cement.] A kind of water
   found in copper mines; water impregnated with copper.

                                     Zinc

   Zinc  (?),  n.  [G. zinc, probably akin to zinn tin: cf. F. zinc, from
   the   German.   Cf.   Tin.]   (Chem.)   An  abundant  element  of  the
   magnesium-cadmium  group, extracted principally from the minerals zinc
   blende,  smithsonite,  calamine, and franklinite, as an easily fusible
   bluish  white metal, which is malleable, especially when heated. It is
   not  easily  oxidized  in  moist  air, and hence is used for sheeting,
   coating  galvanized  iron, etc. It is used in making brass, britannia,
   and  other alloys, and is also largely consumed in electric batteries.
   Symbol  Zn. Atomic weight 64.9 [Formerly written also zink.] Butter of
   zinc  (Old  Chem.), zinc chloride, ZnCl2, a deliquescent white waxy or
   oily  substance.  --  Oxide of zinc. (Chem.) See Zinc oxide, below. --
   Zinc amine (Chem.), a white amorphous substance, Zn(NH2)2, obtained by
   the  action  of  ammonia  on zinc ethyl; -- called also zinc amide. --
   Zinc  amyle (Chem.), a colorless, transparent liquid, composed of zinc
   and  amyle,  which,  when  exposed to the atmosphere, emits fumes, and
   absorbs  oxygen  with  rapidity.  --  Zinc  blende [cf. G. zinkblende]
   (Min.),  a native zinc sulphide. See Blende, n. (a) -- Zinc bloom [cf.
   G.  zinkblumen  flowers  of  zinc,  oxide  of  zinc]  (Min.),  hydrous
   carbonate of zinc, usually occurring in white earthy incrustations; --
   called   also  hydrozincite.  --  Zinc  ethyl  (Chem.),  a  colorless,
   transparent, poisonous liquid, composed of zinc and ethyl, which takes
   fire  spontaneously  on  exposure  to the atmosphere. -- Zinc green, a
   green  pigment  consisting  of  zinc and cobalt oxides; -- called also
   Rinmann's  green.  --  Zinc  methyl (Chem.), a colorless mobile liquid
   Zn(CH3)2,  produced  by  the  action of methyl iodide on a zinc sodium
   alloy. It has a disagreeable odor, and is spontaneously inflammable in
   the  air.  It has been of great importance in the synthesis of organic
   compounds,  and is the type of a large series of similar compounds, as
   zinc ethyl, zinc amyle, etc. -- Zinc oxide (Chem.), the oxide of zinc,
   ZnO,  forming  a light fluffy sublimate when zinc is burned; -- called
   also flowers of zinc, philosopher's wool, nihil album, etc. The impure
   oxide  produced by burning the metal, roasting its ores, or in melting
   brass,  is  called also pompholyx, and tutty. -- Zinc spinel (Min.), a
   mineral,  related  to  spinel, consisting essentially of the oxides of
   zinc  and  aluminium; gahnite. -- Zinc vitriol (Chem.), zinc sulphate.
   See  White  vitriol,  under  Vitriol.  --  Zinc  white, a white powder
   consisting of zinc oxide, used as a pigment.

                                     Zinc

   Zinc,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Zincked  OR Zinced (; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Zincking OR Zincing (.] To coat with zinc; to galvanize.

                                    Zincane

   Zinc"ane (?), n. (Chem.) Zinc chloride. [Obs.]

                                    Zincic

   Zinc"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Pertaining  to, containing, or resembling,
   zinc; zincous.

                                    Zincide

   Zinc"ide (?), n. A binary compound of zinc. [R.]

                                  Zinciferous

   Zinc*if"er*ous (?), a. [Zinc + -ferous.] Containing or affording zinc.

                                 Zincification

   Zinc`i*fi*ca"tion  (?),  n.  The  act or process of applying zinc; the
   condition of being zincified, or covered with zinc; galvanization.

                                    Zincify

   Zinc"i*fy (?), v. t. [Zinc + -fy.] (Metal.) To coat or impregnate with
   zinc.

                                    Zincite

   Zinc"ite  (?),  n.  (Min.)  Native  zinc oxide; a brittle, translucent
   mineral,  of an orange-red color; -- called also red zinc ore, and red
   oxide of zinc.

                             Zincking, OR Zincing

   Zinck"ing, OR Zinc"ing (?), n. (Metal.) The act or process of applying
   zinc; galvanization.

                                    Zincky

   Zinck"y  (?),  Pertaining  to zinc, or having its appearance. [Written
   also zinky.]

                                    Zinco-

   Zin"co-  (?).  A  combining  form from zinc; in chemistry, designating
   zinc as an element of certain double compounds. Also used adjectively.

                                    Zincode

   Zinc"ode  (?), n. [Zinc + -ode, as in electrode.] (Elec.) The positive
   electrode of an electrolytic cell; anode. [R.] Miller.

                                 Zincographer

   Zin*cog"ra*pher (?), n. Am engraver on zinc.

                        Zincongraphic, Zincongraphical

   Zin`con*graph"ic  (?), Zin`con*graph"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to
   zincography; as, zincographic processes.

                                  Zincography

   Zin*cog"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [Zinco-  +  -graphy.]  The art or process of
   engraving or etching on zinc, in which the design is left in relief in
   the  style  of  a wood cut, the rest of the ground being eaten away by
   acid.

                                    Zincoid

   Zinc"oid (?), a. [Zinc + -oid.] Pertaining to, or resembling, zinc; --
   said  of  the  electricity  of  the zincous plate in connection with a
   copper plate in a voltaic circle; also, designating the positive pole.
   [Obs.]

                                  Zinco-polar

   Zin`co-po"lar (?), a. [Zinco- + polar.] (Elec.) Electrically polarized
   like the surface of the zinc presented to the acid in a battery, which
   has zincous affinity. [Obs.]

                                    Zincous

   Zinc"ous (?), a.

   1.  (Chem.)  (a)  Of,  pertaining to, or containing, zinc; zincic; as,
   zincous  salts.  (b)  Hence,  formerly, basic, basylous, as opposed to
   chlorous.

   2.  (Physics)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the positive pole of a galvanic
   battery; electro-positive.

                                    Zingaro

   Zin"ga*ro (?), n.; pl. Zingari (#). [It.] A gypsy.

                                    Zingel

   Zing"el  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A small, edible, freshwater European perch
   (Aspro zingel), having a round, elongated body and prominent snout.

                                Zingiberaceous

   Zin`gi*ber*a"ceous (?), a. [L. zingiber ginger. See Ginger.] (Bot.) Of
   or  pertaining  to ginger, or to a tribe (Zingibere\'91) of endogenous
   plants of the order Scitamine\'91. See Scitamineous.

                                     Zink

   Zink (?), n. (Chem.) See Zinc. [Obs.]

                                 Zinken\'c6te

   Zink"en*\'c6te  (?),  n.  [From  Zinken,  director  at one time of the
   Hanoverian mines.] (Min.) A steel-gray metallic mineral, a sulphide of
   antimony and lead.

                                     Zinky

   Zink"y (?), a. See Zincky. Kirwan.

                                    Zinnia

   Zin"ni*a   (?),   n.   [NL.   So   called  after  Professor  Zinn,  of
   G\'94ttingen.] (Bot.) Any plant of the composite genus Zinnia, Mexican
   herbs  with  opposite  leaves  and  large gay-colored blossoms. Zinnia
   elegans is the commonest species in cultivation.

                                  Zinnwaldite

   Zinn"wald*ite  (?), n. [So called after Zinnwald, in Bohemia, where it
   occurs.]  (Min.)  A  kind of mica containing lithium, often associated
   with tin ore.

                                    Zinsang

   Zin"sang (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The delundung.

                                Zinziberaceous

   Zin`zi*ber*a"ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Same as Zingiberaceous.

                                     Zion

   Zi"on (?), n. [Heb. ts\'c6y, originally, a hill.]

   1.  (Jewish  Antiq.)  A hill in Jerusalem, which, after the capture of
   that  city  by the Israelites, became the royal residence of David and
   his successors.

   2. Hence, the theocracy, or church of God.

   3. The heavenly Jerusalem; heaven.

                                   Ziphioid

   Ziph"i*oid (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Xiphioid.

                                    Zirco-

   Zir"co-   (?).  (Chem.)  A  combining  form  (also  used  adjectively)
   designating  zirconium  as  an  element  of  certain double compounds;
   zircono-; as in zircofluoric acid, sodium zircofluoride.

                                 Zircofluoride

   Zir`co*flu"or*ide  (?),  n. (Chem.) A double fluoride of zirconium and
   hydrogen, or some other positive element or radical; as, zircofluoride
   of sodium.

                                    Zircon

   Zir"con  (?), n. [F., the same word as jargon. See Jargon a variety of
   zircon.] (Min.) A mineral occurring in tetragonal crystals, usually of
   a  brown  or  gray  color.  It  consists of silica and zirconia. A red
   variety,  used as a gem, is called hyacinth. Colorless, pale-yellow or
   smoky-brown   varieties  from  Ceylon  are  called  jargon.<--  2.  an
   imitation  gemstone  made  of  cubic  zirconia.  --> Zircon syenite, a
   coarse-grained  syenite  containing  zircon  crystals  and  often also
   el\'91olite. It is largely developed in Southern Norway.

                                    Zircona

   Zir"co*na (?), n. [NL.] (Chem.) Zirconia.

                                   Zirconate

   Zir"con*ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of zirconic acid.

                                   Zirconia

   Zir*co"ni*a  (?), n. [NL.] (Chem.) The oxide of zirconium, obtained as
   a  white  powder,  and  possessing  both acid and basic properties. On
   account   of   its   infusibility,   and   brilliant  luminosity  when
   incandescent,  it  is used as an ingredient of sticks for the Drummomd
   light.  <--  cubic  zirconia.  A colorless form of zirconia similar in
   appearance  and  refractivity to diamond, and used as a substitute for
   diamonds in inexpensive jewelry. -->

                                   Zirconic

   Zir*con"ic  (?),  a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, containing, or resembling,
   zirconium;  as,  zirconic oxide; zirconic compounds. Zirconic acid, an
   acid  of zirconium analogous to carbonic and silicic acids, known only
   in its salts.

                                   Zirconium

   Zir*co"ni*um   (?),   n.   [NL.]   (Chem.)   A  rare  element  of  the
   carbon-silicon  group,  intermediate between the metals and nonmetals,
   obtained  from the mineral zircon as a dark sooty powder, or as a gray
   metallic crystalline substance. Symbol Zr. Atomic weight, 90.4.

                                    Zircono

   Zir"co*no (?). See Zirco-.

                                   Zirconoid

   Zir"con*oid (?), n. [Zircon + oid.] (Crystallog.) A double eight-sided
   pyramid,  a form common with tetragonal crystals; -- so called because
   this form often occurs in crystals of zircon.

                                    Zither

   Zith"er  (?),  n.  [G.  zither.  See Cittern.] (Mus.) An instrument of
   music  used  in Austria and Germany. It has from thirty to forty wires
   strung  across  a shallow sounding-board, which lies horizontally on a
   table before the performer, who uses both hands in playing on it.

     NOTE: [Not to  be  co nfounded with the old lute-shaped cittern, or
     cithern.]

                                    Zittern

   Zit"tern (?), n. (Min.) See Cittern.

                                    Zizania

   Zi*za"ni*a (?), n. [NL., from L. zizanium darnel, cockle, Gr. (Bot.) A
   genus of grasses including Indian rice. See Indian rice, under Rice.

                                     Zizel

   Ziz"el  (?),  n.  [G.  ziesel.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The suslik. [Written also
   zisel.]

                                  Zoanthacea

   Zo`an*tha"ce*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A suborder of
   Actinaria, including Zoanthus and allied genera, which are permanently
   attached by their bases.

                                  Zoantharia

   Zo`an*tha"ri*a (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) Same as Anthozoa.

                                  Zoantharian

   Zo`an*tha"ri*an (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Zoantharia.
   -- n. One of the Anthozoa.

                                  Zoanthodeme

   Zo*an"tho*deme  (?),  n.  [See  Zoantharia,  and Deme.] (Zo\'94l.) The
   zooids of a compound anthozoan, collectively.

                                   Zoanthoid

   Zo*an"thoid  (?),  a.  [See  Zoantharia,  and  -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) Of or
   pertaining to the Zoanthacea.

                                  Zoanthropy

   Zo*an"thro*py  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Med.) A kind of monomania in which the
   patient believes himself transformed into one of the lower animals.

                                   Zoanthus

   Zo*an"thus  (?),  n.  [NL.  See  Zoantharia.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus of
   Actinaria,  including numerous species, found mostly in tropical seas.
   The  zooids  or  polyps  resemble  small,  elongated  actinias  united
   together  at their bases by fleshy stolons, and thus forming extensive
   groups. The tentacles are small and bright colored.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1680

                                     Zobo

   Zo"bo  (?),  n.  [Native  name.]  (Zo\'94l.) A kind of domestic cattle
   reared  in  Asia for its flesh and milk. It is supposed to be a hybrid
   between the zebu and the yak.

                                     Zocle

   Zo"cle (?; 277), n. (Arch.) Same as Socle.

                                Zocco, Zoccolo

   Zoc"co (?), Zoc"co*lo (?), n. [It. fr. L. socculus. See Socle, and cf.
   Zacco.] (Arch.) Same as Socle.

                                    Zodiac

   Zo"di*ac (?), n. [F. zodiaque (cf. It. zodiaco), fr. L. zodiacus, Gr.

   1.  (Astron.)  (a) An imaginary belt in the heavens, 16 or 18 broad,
   in  the  middle  of which is the ecliptic, or sun's path. It comprises
   the  twelve constellations, which one constituted, and from which were
   named,  the  twelve signs of the zodiac. (b) A figure representing the
   signs, symbols, and constellations of the zodiac.

   2. A girdle; a belt. [Poetic & R.]

     By his side, As in a glistering zodiac, hung the sword. Milton.

                                   Zodiacal

   Zo*di"a*cal  (?),  a. [Cf. F. zodiacal.] (Astron.) Of or pertaining to
   the  zodiac;  situated  within  the  zodiac; as, the zodiacal planets.
   Zodiacal  light,  a  luminous  tract  of  the  sky,  of  an elongated,
   triangular  figure,  lying  near  the  ecliptic, its base being on the
   horizon,  and  its apex at varying altitudes. It is to be seen only in
   the  evening,  after  twilight,  and in the morning before dawn. It is
   supposed to be due to sunlight reflected from multitudes of meteoroids
   revolving about the sun nearly in the plane of the ecliptic.

                                    Zo\'89a

   Zo"\'89*a  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A peculiar larval stage of
   certain  decapod  Crustacea,  especially of crabs and certain Anomura.
   [Written also zo\'91a.]

     NOTE: &hand; In  th is st age th e an terior pa rt of  th e body is
     relatively  large, and usually bears three or four long spines. The
     years  are  conspicuous,  and  the  antenn\'91  and  jaws are long,
     fringed  organs used in swimming. The thoracic legs are undeveloped
     or  rudimentary,  the  abdomen  long,  slender,  and  often without
     appendages.  The  zo\'89a,  after  casting  its shell, changes to a
     megalops.

                                   Zoetrope

   Zo"e*trope  (?),  n.  [Gr.  An  optical  toy, in which figures made to
   revolve  on  the inside of a cylinder, and viewed through slits in its
   circumference, appear like a single figure passing through a series of
   natural motions as if animated or mechanically moved.

                                     Zohar

   Zo"har  (?),  n.  [Heb.  z candor, splendor.] A Jewish cabalistic book
   attributed  by tradition to Rabbi Simon ben Yochi, who lived about the
   end  of  the  1st  century,  a.  d.  Modern critics believe it to be a
   compilation of the 13th century. Encyc. Brit.

                                     Zoic

   Zo"ic  (?),  a. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to animals, or animal
   life.

                                     Zoide

   Zo"ide (?), n. (Biol.) See Meride.

                                    Zoilean

   Zo*il"e*an  (?),  a.  Having  the  characteristic of Zoilus, a bitter,
   envious, unjust critic, who lived about 270 years before Christ.

                                    Zoilism

   Zo"i*lism  (?),  n.  Resemblance to Zoilus in style or manner; carping
   criticism; detraction.

     Bring  candid  eyes the perusal of men's works, and let not Zoilism
     or detraction blast well-intended labors. Sir T. Browne.

                                    Zoisite

   Zois"ite  (?),  n.  [After  its  discoverer,  Von  Zois,  an  Austrian
   mineralogist.]  (Min.)  A  grayish  or  whitish  mineral  occurring in
   orthorhombic,  prismatic  crystals,  also  in columnar masses. It is a
   silicate of alumina and lime, and is allied to epidote.

                                     Zokor

   Zo"kor  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  Asiatic  burrowing  rodent (Siphneus
   aspalax) resembling the mole rat. It is native of the Altai Mountains.

                                  Zollverein

   Zoll"ve*rein`  (?), n. [G., from zoll duty + verein union.] Literally,
   a  customs  union; specifically, applied to the several customs unions
   successively  formed  under  the  leadership  of Prussia among certain
   German  states  for  establishing liberty of commerce among themselves
   and common tariff on imports, exports, and transit.

     NOTE: &hand; In  18 34 a  zollverein was established which included
     most  of  the  principal  German  states  except  Austria. This was
     terminated  by  the  events  of  1866,  and  in 1867 a more closely
     organized  union  was  formed,  the  administration  of  which  was
     ultimately  merged  in that of the new German empire, with which it
     nearly corresponds territorially.

                                   Zomboruk

   Zom"bo*ruk (?), n. (Mil.) See Zumbooruk.

                                     Zona

   Zo"na  (?),  n.;  pl. Zon\'91 (#). [L., a girdle. See Zone.] A zone or
   band; a layer. Zona pellucida. [NL.] (Biol.) (a) The outer transparent
   layer, or envelope, of the ovum. It is a more or less elastic membrane
   with  radiating  stri\'91,  and  corresponds  to  the  cell wall of an
   ordinary  cell.  See  Ovum,  and  Illust.  of Microscope. (b) The zona
   radiata.  -- Zona radiata [NL.] (Biol.), a radiately striated membrane
   situated  next  the  yolk  of  an ovum, or separated from it by a very
   delicate membrane only.

                                     Zonal

   Zon"al  (?),  a.  [L. zonalis.] Of or pertaining to a zone; having the
   form   of   a   zone  or  zones.  Zonal  equation  (Crystallog.),  the
   mathematical  relation  which belongs to all the planes of a zone, and
   expresses  their  common position with reference to the axes. -- Zonal
   structure (Crystallog.), a structure characterized by the arrangements
   of  color,  inclusions,  etc.,  of a crystal in parallel or concentric
   layers,  which usually follow the outline of the crystal, and mark the
   changes  that  have  taken place during its growth. -- Zonal symmetry.
   (Biol.) See the Note under Symmetry.

                                     Zonar

   Zo"nar  (?), n. [Mod. Gr. Zone.] A belt or girdle which the Christians
   and  Jews  of the Levant were obliged to wear to distinguish them from
   Mohammedans. [Written also zonnar.]

                                    Zonaria

   Zo*na"ri*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.]  (Zo\'94l.) A division of Mammalia in
   which the placenta is zonelike.

                                    Zonate

   Zon"ate  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Divided  by  parallel  planes;  as,  zonate
   tetraspores, found in certain red alg\'91.

                                     Zone

   Zone (?), n. [F. zone, L. zona, Gr. j to gird, Zend y\'beh.]

   1. A girdle; a cincture. [Poetic]

     An embroidered zone surrounds her waist. Dryden.

     Loose were her tresses seen, her zone unbound. Collins.

   2.  (Geog.) One of the five great divisions of the earth, with respect
   to latitude and temperature.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e zo nes ar e five: the torrid zone, extending from
     tropic  to  tropic  46 56&min;, or 23 28&min; on each side of the
     equator;  two  temperate  or  variable  zones, situated between the
     tropics  and  the  polar  circles;  and  two frigid zones, situated
     between the polar circles and the poles.

     Commerce  .  .  .  defies  every  wind, outrides every tempest, and
     invades. Bancroft.

   3. (Math.) The portion of the surface of a sphere included between two
   parallel  planes;  the  portion  of  a  surface of revolution included
   between  two  planes  perpendicular  to the axis. Davies & Peck (Math.
   Dict.)

   4.  (Nat.  Hist.)  (a) A band or stripe extending around a body. (b) A
   band  or  area of growth encircling anything; as, a zone of evergreens
   on  a  mountain;  the  zone  of  animal or vegetable life in the ocean
   around  an  island  or  a  continent;  the  Alpine  zone, that part of
   mountains which is above the limit of tree growth.

   5.   (Crystallog.)   A  series  of  planes  having  mutually  parallel
   intersections.

   6. Circuit; circumference. [R.] Milton.
   Abyssal   zone.   (Phys.  Geog.)  See  under  Abyssal.  --  Zone  axis
   (Crystallog.),  a  straight  line  passing  through  the  center  of a
   crystal, to which all the planes of a given zone are parallel.

                                     Zone

   Zone, v. t. To girdle; to encircle. [R.] Keats.

                                     Zoned

   Zoned (?), a.

   1. Wearing a zone, or girdle. Pope.

   2. Having zones, or concentric bands; striped.

   3. (Bot.) Zonate.

                                   Zoneless

   Zone"less (?), a. Not having a zone; ungirded.

     The reeling goddess with the zoneless waist. Cowper.

     In careless folds, loose fell her zoneless vest. Mason.

                                    Zonnar

   Zon"nar (?), n. See Zonar.

                                    Zonular

   Zon"u*lar  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a zone; zone-shaped. "The
   zonular type of a placenta." Dana.

                                    Zonule

   Zon"ule (?), n. A little zone, or girdle.

                                    Zonulet

   Zon"u*let (?), n. A zonule. Herrick.

                                    Zonure

   Zon"ure  (?),  n.  [Zone  + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several of South
   African lizards of the genus Zonura, common in rocky situations.

                                    Zo\'94-

   Zo"\'94-  (?).  A  combining  form  from  Gr.  zwo^,n an animal, as in
   zo\'94genic, zo\'94logy, etc.

                                Zo\'94chemical

   Zo`\'94*chem"ic*al (?), a. Pertaining to zo\'94chemistry.

                                Zo\'94chemistry

   Zo`\'94*chem"is*try  (?),  n. [Zo\'94- + chemistry.] Animal chemistry;
   particularly,  the description of the chemical compounds entering into
   the composition of the animal body, in distinction from biochemistry.

                                  Zo\'94chemy

   Zo*\'94ch"e*my    (?),   n.   [Zo\'94-   +   Gr.   Animal   chemistry;
   zo\'94chemistry. Dunglison.

                                Zo\'94chlorella

   Zo`\'94*chlo*rel"la  (?), n. [NL., dim. from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) One of the
   small  green  granulelike  bodies  found  in  the  interior of certain
   stentors, hydras, and other invertebrates.

                                  Zo\'94cyst

   Zo"\'94*cyst  (?),  n.  [Zo\'94-  +  cyst.]  (Biol.)  A cyst formed by
   certain Protozoa and unicellular plants which the contents divide into
   a large number of granules, each of which becomes a germ.

                                 Zo\'94cytium

   Zo`\'94*cy"ti*um   (?),   n.;  pl.  Zo\'94cytia  (#).  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.
   (Zo\'94l.)  The  common support, often branched, of certain species of
   social Infusoria.

                                Zo\'94dendrium

   Zo`\'94*den"dri*um  (?),  n.;  pl.  Zo\'94dendria  (#).  [NL., fr. Gr.
   (Zo\'94l.)  The  branched, and often treelike, support of the colonies
   of certain Infusoria.

                                  Zo\'d2cium

   Zo*\'d2"ci*um (?), n.; pl. Zo\'d2cia (#). [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) One
   of the cells or tubes which inclose the feeling zooids of Bryozoa. See
   Illust. of Sea Moss.

                                Zo\'94erythrine

   Zo`\'94*e*ryth"rine  (?),  n.  [Zo\'94-  +  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) A peculiar
   organic red coloring matter found in the feathers of various birds.

                                 Zo\'94gamous

   Zo*\'94g"a*mous  (?),  a.  [Zo\'94-  +  Gr.  (Biol.)  Of or pertaining
   zo\'94gamy.

                                  Zo\'94gamy

   Zo*\'94g"a*my (?), n. (Biol.) The sexual reproduction of animals.

                                  Zo\'94genic

   Zo`\'94*gen"ic  (?),  a.  [Zo\'94- + -gen + -ic: cf. Gr. (Biol.) Of or
   pertaining to zo\'94geny, animal production.

                            Zo\'94geny, Zo\'94gony

   Zo*\'94g"e*ny  (?),  Zo*\'94g"o*ny  (?), n. [Zo\'94- + root of Gr. The
   doctrine of the formation of living beings.

                                Zo\'94geography

   Zo`\'94*ge*og"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [Zo\'94-  +  geography.]  The study or
   description of the geographical distribution of animals.

                              Zo\'94geographical

   Zo`\'94*ge`o*graph"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to zo\'94graphy.

                                 Zo\'94gl\'d2a

   Zo`\'94*gl\'d2"a  (?),  n.  [NL., from Gr. (Biol.) A colony or mass of
   bacteria imbedded in a viscous gelatinous substance. The zo\'94gl\'d2a
   is   characteristic  of  a  transitory  stage  through  which  rapidly
   multiplying  bacteria pass in the course of their evolution. Also used
   adjectively.

                                 Zo\'94grapher

   Zo*\'94g"ra*pher  (?),  n.  One who describes animals, their forms and
   habits.

                        Zo\'94graphic, Zo\'94graphical

   Zo`\'94*graph"ic    (?),   Zo`\'94*graph"ic*al   (?),   a.   [Cf.   F.
   zoographique.] Of or pertaining to the description of animals.

                                Zo\'94graphist

   Zo*\'94g"ra*phist (?), n. A zo\'94grapher.

                                 Zo\'94graphy

   Zo*\'94g"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [Zo\'94-  +  -graphy: cf. F. zoographie.] A
   description of animals, their forms and habits.

                                     Zooid

   Zo"oid (?), a. [Zo\'94- + -oid.] (Biol.) Pertaining to, or resembling,
   an animal.

                                     Zooid

   Zo"oid, n.

   1.  (Biol.)  An organic body or cell having locomotion, as a spermatic
   cell or spermatozooid.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  An  animal  in  one  of  its  inferior  stages of
   development, as one of the intermediate forms in alternate generation.
   (b)  One  of  the  individual  animals  in  a  composite  group, as of
   Anthozoa,  Hydroidea,  and  Bryozoa;  -- sometimes restricted to those
   individuals in which the mouth and digestive organs are not developed.

                                    Zooidal

   Zo*oid"al (?), a. Of or pertaining to a zooid; as, a zooidal form.

                                  Zo\'94latry

   Zo*\'94l"a*try (?), n. [Zo\'94- + Gr. The worship of animals.

                                  Zo\'94loger

   Zo*\'94l"o*ger (?), n. A zo\'94logist. Boyle.

                                 Zo\'94logical

   Zo`\'94*log"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. zoologique.] Of or pertaining to
   zo\'94logy, or the science of animals.

                                Zo\'94logically

   Zo`\'94*log"ic*al*ly, adv. In a zo\'94logical manner; according to the
   principles of zo\'94logy.

                                 Zo\'94logist

   Zo*\'94l"o*gist (?), n. [Cf. F. zoologiste.] One who is well versed in
   zo\'94logy.

                                  Zo\'94logy

   Zo*\'94l"o*gy  (?), n.; pl. Zo\'94logies (#). [Zo\'94- + -logy: cf. F.
   zoologie. See Zodiac.]

   1. That part of biology which relates to the animal kingdom, including
   the  structure,  embryology,  evolution,  classification,  habits, and
   distribution of all animals, both living and extinct.

   2. A treatise on this science.

                                 Zo\'94melanin

   Zo`\'94*mel"a*nin  (?),  n.  [Zo\'94-  +  melanin.] (Physiol. Chem.) A
   pigment giving the black color to the feathers of many birds.

                                 Zo\'94morphic

   Zo`\'94*mor"phic   (?),   a.  [Zo\'94-  +  Gr.  Of  or  pertaining  to
   zo\'94morphism.

                                Zo\'94morphism

   Zo`\'94*mor"phism (?), n.

   1. The transformation of men into beasts. [R.] Smart.

   2.   The   quality   of   representing  or  using  animal  forms;  as,
   zo\'94morphism in ornament.

   3.  The  representation  of  God, or of gods, in the form, or with the
   attributes, of the lower animals.

     To  avoid  the  error  of anthropomorphism, we fall into the vastly
     greater, and more absurd, error of zo\'94morphism. Mivart.

                                    Zo\'94n

   Zo"\'94n  (?), n.; pl. Zoa (#). [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) (a) An animal
   which  is  the  sole  product of a single egg; -- opposed to zooid. H.
   Spencer.  (b)  Any  one  of  the  perfectly developed individuals of a
   compound animal.

                                   Zo\'94nic

   Zo*\'94n"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  zoonique.]  Of  or pertaining to animals;
   obtained from animal substances.

                                  Zo\'94nite

   Zo"\'94*nite (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) (a) One of the segments of the body of
   an articulate animal. (b) One of the theoretic transverse divisions of
   any segmented animal.

                                  Zo\'94nomy

   Zo*\'94n"o*my  (?), n. [Zo\'94- + Gr. zoonomie.] The laws animal life,
   or  the  science  which  treats of the phenomena of animal life, their
   causes and relations.

                                  Zo\'94nule

   Zo"\'94*nule (?), n. [Dim. fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Zo\'94nite.

                                Zo\'94pathology

   Zo`\'94*pa*thol"o*gy (?), n. [Zo\'94- + pathology.] Animal pathology.
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   Page 1681

                                  Zo\'94phaga

   Zo*\'94ph"a*ga  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An artificial
   group comprising various carnivorous and insectivorous animals.

                                 Zo\'94phagan

   Zo*\'94ph"a*gan (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A animal that feeds on animal food.

                                 Zo\'94phagous

   Zo*\'94ph"a*gous (?), a. [Gr. Feeding on animals.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is is  a more general term than either sarcophagous
     or carnivorous.

                                 Zo\'94philist

   Zo*\'94ph"i*list (?), n. [Zo\'94- + Gr. A lover of animals. Southey.

                                  Zo\'94phily

   Zo*\'94ph"i*ly (?), n. Love of animals.

                                  Zo\'94phite

   Zo"\'94*phite (?), n. A zo\'94phyte. [R.]

                                 Zo\'94phoric

   Zo`\'94*phor"ic  (?),  a. [Gr. zoophorique.] Bearing or supporting the
   figure of an animal; as, a zo\'94phoric column.

                                 Zo\'94phorous

   Zo*\'94ph"o*rous  (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. Zo\'94phoric.] (Anc. Arch.) The
   part between the architrave and cornice; the frieze; -- so called from
   the figures of animals carved upon it.

                                  Zo\'94phyta

   Zo*\'94ph"y*ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An extensive
   artificial  and  heterogeneous  group  of animals, formerly adopted by
   many  zo\'94logists.  It  included  the  c&oe;lenterates, echinoderms,
   sponges, Bryozoa, Protozoa, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; So metimes the name is restricted to the C&oe;lentera,
     or to the Anthozoa.

                                  Zo\'94phyte

   Zo"\'94*phyte  (?),  n.  [F.  zoophyte,  Gr.  Zodiac,  and  Be, v. i.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  Any  one  of numerous species of invertebrate animals
   which  more  or less resemble plants in appearance, or mode of growth,
   as the corals, gorgonians, sea anemones, hydroids, bryozoans, sponges,
   etc.,  especially  any  of  those that form compound colonies having a
   branched or treelike form, as many corals and hydroids. (b) Any one of
   the Zo\'94phyta.

                         Zo\'94phytic, Zo\'94phytical

   Zo`\'94*phyt"ic  (?), Zo`\'94*phyt"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. zoophytique.]
   (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to zo\'94phytes.

                                 Zo\'94phytoid

   Zo*\'94ph"y*toid  (?),  a. [Zo\'94phyte + -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) Pertaining
   to, or resembling, a zo\'94phyte.

                              Zo\'94phytological

   Zo`\'94*phyt`o*log"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  zoophytologique.]  Of or
   pertaining to zo\'94phytology; as, zo\'94phytological observations.

                                Zo\'94phytology

   Zo*\'94ph`y*tol"o*gy  (?;  277),  n.  [Zo\'94phyte  +  -logy:  cf.  F.
   zoophytologie.] The natural history zo\'94phytes.

                               Zo\'94praxiscope

   Zo`\'94*prax"i*scope  (?),  n.  [Zo\'94-  + Gr. -scope.] An instrument
   similar  to,  or  the  same  as, the, the phenakistoscope, by means of
   which pictures projected upon a screen are made to exhibit the natural
   movements of animals, and the like.

                               Zo\'94psychology

   Zo`\'94*psy*chol"o*gy   (?),   n.   [Zo\'94-   +  psychology.]  Animal
   psychology.

                                  Zo\'94sperm

   Zo"\'94*sperm  (?), n. [Zo\'94- + sperm.] (Biol.) One of the spermatic
   particles; spermatozoid.

                               Zo\'94sporangium

   Zo`\'94*spo*ran"gi*um  (?),  n.; pl. -sporangia (#). [NL. See Zo\'94-,
   and   Sporangium.]   (Bot.)   A   spore,   or  conceptacle  containing
   zo\'94spores.

                                  Zo\'94spore

   Zo"\'94*spore (?), n. [Zo\'94- + spore.]

   1.  (Bot.)  A  spore  provided  with one or more slender cilia, by the
   vibration of which it swims in the water. Zo\'94spores are produced by
   many  green, and by some olive-brown, alg\'91. In certain species they
   are   divided  into  the  larger  macrozo\'94spores  and  the  smaller
   microzo\'94spores. Called also sporozoid, and swarmspore.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) See Swarmspore.

                                 Zo\'94sporic

   Zo`\'94*spor"ic  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to zo\'94spores; of the
   nature of zo\'94spores.

                                   Zo\'94tic

   Zo*\'94t"ic  (?),  a. [Gr. Containing the remains of organized bodies;
   -- said of rock or soil.

                                 Zo\'94tomical

   Zo`\'94*tom"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. zootomique.] Of or pertaining to
   zo\'94tomy.

                                 Zo\'94tomist

   Zo*\'94t"o*mist (?), n. [Cf. F. zootomiste.] One who dissects animals,
   or is skilled in zo\'94tomy.

                                  Zo\'94tomy

   Zo*\'94t"o*my  (?), n. [Zo\'94- + Gr. zootomie.] The dissection or the
   anatomy of animals; -- distinguished from androtomy.

                                 Zo\'94trophic

   Zo`\'94*troph"ic  (?), a. [Gr. Zo\'94-, and Trophic.] (Physiol.) Of or
   pertaining to the nourishment of animals.

                                    Zoozoo

   Zoo"zoo`  (?),  n.  [Of imitative origin.] (Zo\'94l.) The wood pigeon.
   [Prov. Eng.]

                                     Zope

   Zope  (?),  n.  [G.]  (Zo\'94l.) A European fresh-water bream (Abramis
   ballerus).

                                   Zopilote

   Zo"pi*lote  (?),  n.  [Sp.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The  urubu, or American black
   vulture.

                                     Zoril

   Zor"il (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Zorilla.

                                    Zorilla

   Zo*ril"la  (?), n. [Sp. zorilla, zorillo, dim. of zorra, zorro, a fox:
   cf. F. zorille.] (Zo\'94l.) Either one of two species of small African
   carnivores  of  the  genus  Ictonyx  allied to the weasels and skunks.
   [Written also zoril, and zorille.]

     NOTE: &hand; Th e be st-known sp ecies (I ctonyx zorilla) has black
     shiny  fur  with  white  bands  and spots. It has anal glands which
     produce  a  very offensive secretion, similar to that of the skunk.
     It  feeds  upon birds and their eggs and upon small mammals, and is
     often  very  destructive  to  poultry. It is sometimes tamed by the
     natives,  and  kept  to destroy rats and mice. Called also mariput,
     Cape   polecat,   and   African  polecat.  The  name  is  sometimes
     erroneously applied to the American skunk.

                                  Zoroastrian

   Zo`ro*as"tri*an  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  Zoroaster,  or  his
   religious system.

                                  Zoroastrian

   Zo`ro*as"tri*an  (?),  n.  A  follower  of  Zoroaster; one who accepts
   Zoroastrianism.

                                Zoroastrianism

   Zo`ro*as"tri*an*ism  (?),  n.  The  religious system of Zoroaster, the
   legislator and prophet of the ancient Persians, which was the national
   faith  of  Persia;  mazdeism.  The  system  presupposes  a good spirit
   (Ormuzd)  and  an  opposing  evil  spirit (Ahriman). Cf. Fire worship,
   under Fire, and Parsee.

                                  Zoroastrism

   Zo`ro*as"trism (?), n. Same as Zoroastrianism. Tylor.

                                    Zoster

   Zos"ter (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. Zone.] (Med.) Shingles.

                                    Zostera

   Zos"te*ra  (?), n. [NL.] (Bot.) A genus of plants of the Naiadace\'91,
   or Pondweed family. Zostera marina is commonly known as sea wrack, and
   eelgrass.

                                   Zosterops

   Zos"ter*ops  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of birds that
   comprises the white-eyes. See White-eye.

                                    Zouave

   Zouave  (?;  277),  n.  [F., fr. Ar. Zouaoua a tribe of Kabyles living
   among  the  Jurjura mountains in Algeria.] (Mil.) (a) One of an active
   and  hardy  body  of soldiers in the French service, originally Arabs,
   but  now composed of Frenchmen who wear the Arab dress. (b) Hence, one
   of a body of soldiers who adopt the dress and drill of the Zouaves, as
   was  done by a number of volunteer regiments in the army of the United
   States in the Civil War, 1861-65.

                                    Zounds

   Zounds  (?),  interj.  [Contracted  from God's wounds.] An exclamation
   formerly used as an oath, and an expression of anger or wonder.

                                    Zoutch

   Zoutch  (?;  277),  v. t. (Cookery) To stew, as flounders, eels, etc.,
   with just enough or liquid to cover them. Smart.

                                     Zubr

   Zubr (?), n. [Polish .] (Zo\'94l.) The aurochs.

                                     Zuche

   Zuche (?), n. A stump of a tree. Cowell.

                                   Zuchetto

   Zu*chet"to  (?),  n.  [It. zucchetto.] (R. C. Ch.) A skullcap covering
   the  tonsure,  worn  under  the  berretta.  The  pope's  is  white;  a
   cardinal's red; a bishop's purple; a priest's black.

                                    Zufolo

   Zu"fo*lo  (?;  277),  n.  [It.]  (Mus.)  A  little flute or flageolet,
   especially that which is used to teach birds. [Written also zuffolo.]

                                    Zuisin

   Zui"sin (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The American widgeon. [Local, U. S.]

                                     Zulus

   Zu"lus  (?),  n. pl.; sing. Zulu (. (Ethnol.) The most important tribe
   belonging  to  the Kaffir race. They inhabit a region on the southeast
   coast  of Africa, but formerly occupied a much more extensive country.
   They  are  noted  for their warlike disposition, courage, and military
   skill.

                                   Zumbooruk

   Zum*boo"ruk  (?), n. [Turk. & Ar. zamb, fr. Ar. zamb a hornet.] (Mil.)
   A  small  cannon  supported by a swiveled rest on the back of a camel,
   whence it is fired, -- used in the East.

                            Zumic, a., Zumological

   Zu"mic (?), a., Zu`mo*log"ic*al (, a., Zu*mol"o*gy (, n., Zu*mom"e*ter
   (, n., etc. See Zymic, Zymological, etc.

                                  Zu&ntil;is

   Zu"&ntil;is  (?),  n.  pl.;  sing.  Zu&ntil;i  (. (Ethnol.) A tribe of
   Pueblo  Indians  occupying  a  village in New Mexico, on the Zu&ntil;i
   River.

                                    Zunyite

   Zun"yite  (?),  n.  (Min.)  A  fluosilicate  of  alumina  occurring in
   tetrahedral crystals at the Zu&ntil;i mine in Colorado.

                                   Zwanziger

   Zwan"zi*ger  (?),  n.  [G.]  Am  Austrian silver coin equivalent to 20
   kreutzers, or about 10 cents.

                                   Zygantrum

   Zy*gan"trum  (?),  n.;  pl.  Zygantra  (#).  [Gr.  (Anat.)  See  under
   Zygosphene.

                                 Zygapophysis

   Zyg`a*poph"y*sis  (?),  n.;  pl.  Zygapophyses  (#).  [Gr. apophysis.]
   (Anat.)  One  of the articular processes of a vertebra, of which there
   are  usually four, two anterior and two posterior. See under Vertebra.
   -- Zyg`ap*o*phys"i*al (#), a.

                                    Zygenid

   Zyg"e*nid  (?),  n. [Cf. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of
   moths  of the family Zyg\'91nid\'91, most of which are bright colored.
   The  wood  nymph  and  the  vine  forester  are  examples.  Also  used
   adjectively.

                                 Zygobranchia

   Zyg`o*bran"chi*a  (?),  n. pl. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   marine  gastropods  in  which the gills are developed on both sides of
   the  body and the renal organs are also paired. The abalone (Haliotis)
   and the keyhole limpet (Fissurella) are examples.

                                Zygobranchiate

   Zyg`o*bran"chi*ate   (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the
   Zygobranchia.

                            Zygodactyl, Zygodactyle

   Zyg`o*dac"tyl,  Zyg`o*dac"tyle  (?), n. [See Zygodactylic.] (Zo\'94l.)
   Any zygodactylous bird.

                                Zygodactyl\'91

   Zyg`o*dac"ty*l\'91  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.]  (Zo\'94l.) The zygodactylous
   birds.  In  a  restricted  sense  applied to a division of birds which
   includes the barbets, toucans, honey guides, and other related birds.

                                  Zygodactyli

   Zyg`o*dac"ty*li (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) Same as Scansores.

                          Zygodactylic, Zygodactylous

   Zyg`o*dac"ty*lic    (?),   Zyg`o*dac"tyl*ous   (?;   277),   a.   [Gr.
   zygodactyle.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Yoke-footed;  having  the  toes disposed in
   pairs;  -- applied to birds which have two toes before and two behind,
   as the parrot, cuckoo, woodpecker, etc.

                                    Zygoma

   Zy*go"ma  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.) (a) The jugal, malar, or cheek
   bone.  (b)  The  zygomatic process of the temporal bone. (c) The whole
   zygomatic arch.

                                   Zygomatic

   Zyg`o*mat"ic (?; 277), a. [Cf. F. zygomatique.] (Anat.) Of, pertaining
   to,  or in the region of, the zygoma. Zygomatic arch, the arch of bone
   beneath  the  orbit, formed in most mammals by the union of the malar,
   or  jugal,  with  the  zygomatic  process of the temporal bone. In the
   lower  vertebrates  other  bones may help to form it, and there may be
   two  arches  on  each  side  of  the  skull,  as  in some reptiles. --
   Zygomatic process, a process of the temporal or squamosal bone helping
   to form the zygomatic arch.

                           Zygomorphic, Zygomorphous

   Zyg`o*mor"phic  (?),  Zyg`o*mor"phous (?), a. [Gr. (Biol.) Symmetrical
   bilaterally;  --  said of organisms, or parts of organisms, capable of
   division into two symmetrical halves only in a single plane.

                                   Zyophyte

   Zy"o*phyte  (?), n. [Gr. (Bot.) Any plant of a proposed class or grand
   division   (Zygophytes,   Zygophyta,   or   Zygospore\'91),  in  which
   reproduction   consists  in  the  union  of  two  similar  cells.  Cf.
   O\'94phyte.

                                    Zygosis

   Zy*go"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Biol.) Same as Conjugation.

                                   Zygosperm

   Zyg"o*sperm (?), n. [Gr. sperm.] (Bot.) A spore formed by the union of
   the  contents  of two similar cells, either of the same or of distinct
   individual  plants.  Zygosperms are found in certain orders of alg\'91
   and fungi.

                                  Zygosphene

   Zyg"o*sphene  (?),  n. [Gr. (Anat.) A median process on the front part
   of the neural arch of the vertebr\'91 of most snakes and some lizards,
   which fits into a fossa, called the zygantrum, on the back part of the
   arch in front.

                                   Zygospore

   Zyg"o*spore  (?),  n. [Gr. spore.] (Bot.) (a) Same as Zygosperm. (b) A
   spore  formed  by  the  union  of several zo\'94spores; -- called also
   zygozo\'94spore.

                                   Zylonite

   Zy"lon*ite (?), n. [Gr. Celluloid.

                                    Zymase

   Zym"ase  (?),  n.  [From Zyme.] (Physiol. Chem.) A soluble ferment, or
   enzyme. See Enzyme.

                                     Zyme

   Zyme (?), n. [Gr.

   1. A ferment.

   2. (Med.) The morbific principle of a zymotic disease. Quain.

                                     Zymic

   Zym"ic   (?),   a.   (Old   Chem.)  Pertaining  to,  or  produced  by,
   fermentation;  --  formerly,  by  confusion,  used to designate lactic
   acid.

                                    Zymogen

   Zym"o*gen  (?), n. [Zyme + -gen.] (Physiol. Chem.) A mother substance,
   or  antecedent,  of  an enzyme or chemical ferment; -- applied to such
   substances  as,  not being themselves actual ferments, may by internal
   changes give rise to a ferment.

     The  pancreas  contains but little ready-made ferment, though there
     is present in it a body, zymogen, which gives birth to the ferment.
     Foster.

                                   Zymogene

   Zym"o*gene  (?), n. [Zyme + root of Gr. (Biol.) One of a physiological
   group  of  globular  bacteria  which produces fermentations of diverse
   nature; -- distinguished from pathogene.

                                   Zymogenic

   Zym`o*gen"ic  (?),  a.  (Biol.)  (a)  Pertaining  to,  or formed by, a
   zymogene.  (b)  Capable  of  producing  a definite zymogen or ferment.
   Zymogenic  organism  (Biol.),  a  micro\'94rganism,  such as the yeast
   plant  of  the  Bacterium  lactis,  which sets up certain fermentative
   processes   by   which  definite  chemical  products  are  formed;  --
   distinguished from a pathogenic organism. Cf. Micrococcus.
   
                            Zymologic, Zymological
                                       
   Zy`mo*log"ic  (?), Zy`mo*log"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. zymologique.] Of or
   pertaining to zymology. 

                                  Zymologist

   Zy*mol"o*gist  (?),  n.  One  who  is  skilled  in zymology, or in the
   fermentation of liquors.

                                   Zymology

   Zy*mol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Zyme + -logy: cf. F. zymologie.] A treatise on
   the fermentation of liquors, or the doctrine of fermentation. [Written
   also zumology.]

                                    Zymome

   Zy"mome  (?),  n. [Gr. (Old Chem.) A glutinous substance, insoluble in
   alcohol, resembling legumin; -- now called vegetable fibrin, vegetable
   albumin, or gluten casein.

                            Zymometer, Zymosimeter

   Zy*mom"e*ter   (?),  Zy`mo*sim"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -meter:  cf.  F.
   zymosim\'8atre.]   An   instrument  for  ascertaining  the  degree  of
   fermentation  occasioned  by the mixture of different liquids, and the
   degree of heat which they acquire in fermentation.

                                   Zymophyte

   Zym"o*phyte (?), n. [Zyme + Gr. (Physiol. Chem.) A bacteroid ferment.

                                    Zymose

   Zy*mose" (?), n. (Chem.) Invertin.

                                    Zymosis

   Zy*mo"sis,  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Med.)  (a) A fermentation; hence, an
   analogous  process  by  which  an infectious disease is believed to be
   developed. (b) A zymotic disease. [R.]

                                    Zymotic

   Zy*mot"ic (?), a. [Gr.

   1. Of, pertaining to, or caused by, fermentation.

   2.  (Med.) Designating, or pertaining to, a certain class of diseases.
   See Zymotic disease, below.
   Zymotic disease (Med.), any epidemic, endemic, contagious, or sporadic
   affection  which  is  produced  by some morbific principle or organism
   acting on the system like a ferment.<-- now infectious disease. -->

                                    Zythem

   Zy"them (?), n. See Zythum.

                                  Zythepsary

   Zy*thep"sa*ry (?), n. [Gr. A brewery. [R.]

                                    Zythum

   Zy"thum (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. A kind of ancient malt beverage; a liquor
   made  from  malt  and  wheat.  [Written  also zythem.] <-- End of main
   (1890)  section  of  the  dictionary.  See also the "Department of New
   Words" -->