Unabridged Dictionary - Letter W

Etext from the Gutenberg project, formatted by r0k
Back to contents
View © info
View fine print

   W  (?),  the twenty-third letter of the English alphabet, is usually a
   consonant,  but sometimes it is a vowel, forming the second element of
   certain  diphthongs, as in few, how. It takes its written form and its
   name  from  the repetition of a V, this being the original form of the
   Roman  capital  letter  which  we  call  U.  Etymologically it is most
   related  to  v  and u. See V, and U. Some of the uneducated classes in
   England,  especially  in London, confuse w and v, substituting the one
   for the other, as weal for veal, and veal for weal; wine for vine, and
   vine for wine, etc. See Guide to Pronunciation,  266-268.


   Waag (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The grivet.


   Waa*hoo" (?), n. (Bot.) The burning bush; -- said to be called after a
   quack medicine made from it.


   Wab"ble  (?),  v. i. [Cf. Prov. G. wabbeln to wabble, and E. whap. Cf.
   Quaver.]  To  move  staggeringly  or  unsteadily  from one side to the
   other;  to  vacillate;  to move the manner of a rotating disk when the
   axis of rotation is inclined to that of the disk; -- said of a turning
   or  whirling  body;  as,  a  top  wabbles; a buzz saw wabbles. <-- now
   replaced by wobble. -->


   Wab"ble, n. A hobbling, unequal motion, as of a wheel unevenly hung; a
   staggering to and fro.


   Wab"bly (?), a. Inclined to wabble; wabbling.

                                 Wacke, Wacky

   Wack"e  (?),  Wack"y  (?), n. [G. wacke, MHG.wacke a large stone, OHG.
   waggo  a  pebble.]  (Geol.)  A soft, earthy, dark-colored rock or clay
   derived from the alteration of basalt.


   Wad (?), n. [See Woad.] Woad. [Obs.]


   Wad,  n. [Probably of Scand. origin; cf. Sw. vadd wadding, Dan vat, D.
   & G. watte. Cf. Wadmol.]

   1. A little mass, tuft, or bundle, as of hay or tow. Holland.

   2. Specifically: A little mass of some soft or flexible material, such
   as  hay,  straw,  tow,  paper,  or old rope yarn, used for retaining a
   charge  of  powder in a gun, or for keeping the powder and shot close;
   also, to diminish or avoid the effects of windage. Also, by extension,
   a dusk of felt, pasteboard, etc., serving a similar purpose.

   3.  A soft mass, especially of some loose, fibrous substance, used for
   various purposes, as for stopping an aperture, padding a garment, etc.
   Wed hook, a rod with a screw or hook at the end, used for removing the
   wad from a gun.


   Wad, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Waded; p. pr. & vb. n. Wadding.]

   1.  To  form  into  a mass, or wad, or into wadding; as, to wad tow or

   2.  To insert or crowd a wad into; as, to wad a gun; also, to stuff or
   line  with  some soft substance, or wadding, like cotton; as, to wad a

                                   Wad, Wadd

   Wad,  Wadd,  n. (Min.) (a) An earthy oxide of manganese, or mixture of
   different oxides and water, with some oxide of iron, and often silica,
   alumina,  lime,  or  baryta; black ocher. There are several varieties.
   (b) Plumbago, or black lead.


   Wad"ding (?), n. [See Wad a little mass.]

   1.  A  wad,  or the materials for wads; any pliable substance of which
   wads may be made.

   2.  Any  soft  stuff  of  loose  texture, used for stuffing or padding
   garments; esp., sheets of carded cotton prepared for the purpose.


   Wad"dle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Waddled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Waddling
   (?).] [Freq. of wade; cf. AS. w\'91dlian to beg, from wadan to go. See
   Wade.] To walk with short steps, swaying the body from one side to the
   other,  like  a  duck  or  very  fat  person;  to  move  clumsily  and
   totteringly  along; to toddle; to stumble; as, a child waddles when he
   begins to walk; a goose waddles. Shak.

     She drawls her words, and waddles in her pace. Young.


   Wad"dle,  v.  t.  To  trample or tread down, as high grass, by walking
   through it. [R.] Drayton.


   Wad"dler (?), n. One who, or that which, waddles.


   Wad"dling*ly, adv. In a waddling manner.


   Wade (?), n. Woad. [Obs.] Mortimer.


   Wade  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Waded; p. pr. & vb. n. Wading.] [OE.
   waden  to wade, to go, AS. wadan; akin to OFries. wada, D. waden, OHG.
   watan,  Icel.  va, Sw. vada, Dan. vade, L. vadere to go, walk, vadum a
   ford. Cf. Evade, Invade, Pervade, Waddle.]

   1. To go; to move forward. [Obs.]

     When  might  is  joined unto cruelty, Alas, too deep will the venom
     wade. Chaucer.

     Forbear, and wade no further in this speech. Old Play.

   2. To walk in a substance that yields to the feet; to move, sinking at
   each step, as in water, mud, sand, etc.

     So  eagerly  the  fiend  .  .  .  With head, hands, wings, or feet,
     pursues  his  way,  And  swims,  or  sinks, or wades, or creeps, or
     flies. Milton.

   3.  Hence,  to  move  with difficulty or labor; to proceed as, to wade
   through a dull book.

     And wades through fumes, and gropes his way. Dryden.

     The   king's   admirable   conduct  has  waded  through  all  these
     difficulties. Davenant.


   Wade, v. t. To pass or cross by wading; as, he waded .


   Wade (?), n. The act of wading. [Colloq.]


   Wad"er (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, wades.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any long-legged bird that wades in the water in search
   of  food,  especially any species of limicoline or grallatorial birds;
   -- called also wading bird. See Illust. g, under Aves.


   Wad"ing, a. & n. from Wade, v. Wading bird. (Zo\'94l.) See Wader, 2.


   Wad"mol  (?),  n.  [Of Scand. origin; cf. Icel.va a woollen stuff, Dan
   vadmel.  Cf.  Wad a small mass, and Woodmeil.] A coarse, hairy, woolen
   cloth,  formerly  used for garments by the poor, and for various other
   purposes.  [Spelled  also wadmal, wadmeal, wadmoll, wadmel, etc.] Beck
   (Draper's Dict.). Sir W. Scott.


   Wad"set  (?),  n.  [Scot.  wad  a pledge; akin to Sw. vad a wager. See
   Wed.]  (Scots  Law)  A  kind  of  pledge  or  mortgage.  [Written also


   Wad"set*ter (?), n. One who holds by a wadset.


   Wad"y  (?), n.; pl. Wadies (#). [Ar. w\'bed\'c6 a valley, a channel of
   a  river,  a river.] A ravine through which a brook flows; the channel
   of a water course, which is dry except in the rainy season.


   Wae (?), n. A wave. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Waeg (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The kittiwake. [Scot.]


   Wa"fer  (?), n. [OE. wafre, OF. waufre, qaufre, F. qaufre; of Teutonic
   origin; cf. LG. & D. wafel, G. waffel, Dan. vaffel, Sw. v\'86ffla; all
   akin  to  G.  wabe  a  honeycomb,  OHG.  waba,  being  named  from the
   resemblance  to a honeycomb. G. wabe is probably akin to E. weave. See
   Weave, and cf. Waffle, Gauffer.]

   1. (Cookery) A thin cake made of flour and other ingredients.

     Wafers piping hot out of the gleed. Chaucer.

     The curious work in pastry, the fine cakes, wafers, and marchpanes.

     A woman's oaths are wafers -- break with making B. Jonson.

   2.  (Eccl.)  A  thin  cake  or  piece  of  bread (commonly unleavened,
   circular,  and  stamped  with  a crucifix or with the sacred monogram)
   used in the Eucharist, as in the Roman Catholic Church.

   3. An adhesive disk of dried paste, made of flour, gelatin, isinglass,
   or the like, and coloring matter, -- used in sealing letters and other
   documents.  <-- 4. Any thin but rigid plate of solid material, esp. of
   discoidal  shape;  -- a term used commonly to refer to the thin slices
   of silicon used as starting material for the manufacture of integrated
   circuits. -->
   Wafer  cake,  a sweet, thin cake. Shak. -- Wafer irons, OR Wafer tongs
   (Cookery),  a  pincher-shaped  contrivance,  having  flat  plates,  or
   blades,  between  which  wafers are baked. -- Wafer woman, a woman who
   sold wafer cakes; also, one employed in amorous intrigues. Beau. & Fl.


   Wa"fer, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wafered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wafering.] To
   seal or close with a wafer.


   Wa"fer*er (?), n. A dealer in the cakes called wafers; a confectioner.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Waffle (?), n. [D. wafel. See Wafer.]

   1. A thin cake baked and then rolled; a wafer.

   2. A soft indented cake cooked in a waffle iron.
   Waffle  iron,  an  iron  utensil  or  mold  made in two parts shutting
   together, -- used for cooking waffles over a fire.


   Waft (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wafted; p. pr. & vb. n. Wafting.] [Prob.
   originally imp. & p. p. of wave, v. t. See Wave to waver.]

   1.  To  give  notice  to  by waving something; to wave the hand to; to
   beckon. [Obs.]

     But soft: who wafts us yonder? Shak.

   2.  To  cause  to  move  or  go in a wavy manner, or by the impulse of
   waves,  as  of  water or air; to bear along on a buoyant medium; as, a
   balloon was wafted over the channel.

     A gentle wafting to immortal life. Milton.

     Speed  the soft intercourse from soul to soul, And waft a sigh from
     Indus to the pole. Pope.

   3.  To  cause  to  float; to keep from sinking; to buoy. [Obs.] Sir T.

     NOTE: &hand; This verb is regular; but waft was formerly somwafted.


   Waft, v. i. To be moved, or to pass, on a buoyant medium; to float.

     And now the shouts waft near the citadel. Dryden.


   Waft, n.

   1. A wave or current of wind. "Everywaft of the air." Longfellow.

     In  this dire season, oft the whirlwind's wing Sweeps up the burden
     of whole wintry plains In one wide waft. Thomson.

   2. A signal made by waving something, as a flag, in the air.

   3. An unpleasant flavor. [Obs.]

   4.  (Naut.)  A  knot,  or stop, in the middle of a flag. [Written also

     NOTE: &hand; A  fl ag with a waft in it, when hoisted at the staff,
     or  half  way  to  the gaff, means, a man overboard; at the peak, a
     desire to communicate; at the masthead, "Recall boats."


   Waft"age  (?),  n.  Conveyance  on  a buoyant medium, as air or water.

     Boats prepared for waftage to and fro. Drayton.


   Waft"er (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, wafts.

     O Charon, Thou wafter of the soul to bliss or bane. Beau. & FL.

   2. A boat for passage. Ainsworth.


   Waf"ture  (?),  n.  The  act  of waving; a wavelike motion; a waft. R.

     An angry wafture of your hand. Shak.


   Wag  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Wagged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wagging.]
   [OE.  waggen;  probably  of  Scand.  origin;  cf.  Sw. vagga to rock a
   cradle,  vagga  cradle, Icel. vagga, Dan. vugge; akin to AS. wagian to
   move,  wag,  wegan  to  bear,  carry,  G. & D. bewegen to move, and E.
   weigh.  \'fb136.  See Weigh.] To move one way and the other with quick
   turns;  to shake to and fro; to move vibratingly; to cause to vibrate,
   as a part of the body; as, to wag the head.

     No discerner durst wag his tongue in censure. Shak.

     Every  one  that  passeth  thereby shall be astonished, and wag his
     head. Jer. xviii. 16.

     NOTE: &hand; Wa g expresses specifically the motion of the head and
     body used in buffoonery, mirth, derision, sport, and mockery.


   Wag, v. i.

   1. To move one way and the other; to be shaken to and fro; to vibrate.

     The resty sieve wagged ne'er the more. Dryden.

   2.  To  be in action or motion; to move; to get along; to progress; to
   stir. [Colloq.]

     "Thus we may see," quoth he, "how the world wags." Shak.

   3. To go; to depart; to pack oft. [R.]

     I will provoke him to 't, or let him wag. Shak.


   Wag, n. [From Wag, v.]

   1. The act of wagging; a shake; as, a wag of the head. [Colloq.]

   2.  [Perhaps  shortened  from wag-halter a rogue.] A man full of sport
   and humor; a ludicrous fellow; a humorist; a wit; a joker.

     We wink at wags when they offend. Dryden.

     A  counselor  never  pleaded  without a piece of pack thread in his
     hand,  which  he  used to twist about a finger all the while he was
     speaking;  the  wags  used  to call it the thread of his discourse.


   Wa*ga"ti  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small  East  Indian wild cat (Felis
   wagati), regarded by some as a variety of the leopard cat.


   Wage  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Waged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Waging (?).]
   [OE. wagen, OF. wagier, gagier, to pledge, promise, F. gager to wager,
   lay,  bet, fr. LL. wadium a pledge; of Teutonic origin; cf. Goth. wadi
   a pledge, gawadj\'d3n to pledge, akin to E. wed, G. wette a wager. See
   Wed, and cf. Gage.]

   1.  To  pledge; to hazard on the event of a contest; to stake; to bet,
   to lay; to wager; as, to wage a dollar. Hakluyt.

     My life I never but as a pawn To wage against thy enemies. Shak.

   2.  To  expose  one's  self  to,  as a risk; to incur, as a danger; to
   venture; to hazard. "Too weak to wage an instant trial with the king."

     To wake and wage a danger profitless. Shak.

   3.  To  engage  in, as a contest, as if by previous gage or pledge; to
   carry on, as a war.

     [He  pondered]  which  of  all  his  sons was fit To reign and wage
     immortal war with wit. Dryden.

     The  two are waging war, and the one triumphs by the destruction of
     the other. I. Taylor.

   4.  To  adventure, or lay out, for hire or reward; to hire out. [Obs.]
   "Thou . . . must wage thy works for wealth." Spenser.

   5. To put upon wages; to hire; to employ; to pay wages to. [Obs.]

     Abundance  of  treasure  which  he had in store, wherewith he might
     wage soldiers. Holinshed.

     I would have them waged for their labor. Latimer.

   6. (O. Eng. Law) To give security for the performance of. Burrill.
   To  wage  battle (O. Eng. Law), to give gage, or security, for joining
   in  the  duellum,  or  combat.  See  Wager  of battel, under Wager, n.
   Burrill.  --  To  wage one's law (Law), to give security to make one's
   law. See Wager of law, under Wager, n.


   Wage, v. i. To bind one's self; to engage. [Obs.]


   Wage, n. [OF. wage, gage, guarantee, engagement. See Wage, v. t. ]

   1. That which is staked or ventured; that for which one incurs risk or
   danger; prize; gage. [Obs.] "That warlike wage." Spenser.

   2.  That  for  which  one labors; meed; reward; stipulated payment for
   service  performed;  hire;  pay; compensation; -- at present generally
   used  in  the  plural.  See  Wages. "My day's wage." Sir W. Scott. "At
   least  I  earned my wage." Thackeray. "Pay them a wage in advance." J.
   Morley. "The wages of virtue." Tennyson.

     By  Tom  Thumb,  a  fairy page, He sent it, and doth him engage, By
     promise of a mighty wage, It secretly to carry. Drayton.

     Our praises are our wages. Shak.

     Existing legislation on the subject of wages. Encyc. Brit.

     NOTE: &hand; Wa ge is  us ed ad jectively an d as the first part of
     compounds  which  are  usually self-explaining; as, wage worker, or
     wage-worker; wage-earner, etc.

   Board  wages.  See  under  1st  Board.  Syn. -- Hire; reward; stipend;
   salary; allowance; pay; compensation; remuneration; fruit.


   Wag"el (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Waggel.


   Wa"gen*boom`  (?),  n.  [D.,  literally,  wagon  tree.] (Bot.) A south
   African  proteaceous  tree (Protea grandiflora); also, its tough wood,
   used for making wagon wheels.

   Page 1622


   Wa"ger  (?),  n.  [OE.  wager,  wajour,  OF.  wagiere,  or wageure, E.
   gageure. See Wage, v. t.]

   1. Something deposited, laid, or hazarded on the event of a contest or
   an unsettled question; a bet; a stake; a pledge.

     Besides  these  plates  for  horse  races, the wagers may be as the
     persons please. Sir W. Temple.

     If  any  atheist  can  stake  his  soul for a wager against such an
     inexhaustible  disproportion, let him never hereafter accuse others
     of credulity. Bentley.

   2.  (Law) A contract by which two parties or more agree that a certain
   sum  of  money,  or  other thing, shall be paid or delivered to one of
   them,  on  the  happening  or  not  happening  of  an uncertain event.

     NOTE: &hand; At  co mmon la w a  wa ger is  co nsidered as  a legal
     contract  which  the  courts must enforce unless it be on a subject
     contrary  to public policy, or immoral, or tending to the detriment
     of the public, or affecting the interest, feelings, or character of
     a  third  person. In many of the United States an action can not be
     sustained upon any wager or bet.

   Chitty. Bouvier.

   3. That on which bets are laid; the subject of a bet.
   Wager of battel, OR Wager of battle (O. Eng. Law), the giving of gage,
   or  pledge,  for  trying a cause by single combat, formerly allowed in
   military,  criminal,  and  civil  causes. In writs of right, where the
   trial  was  by  champions,  the  tenant produced his champion, who, by
   throwing  down  his glove as a gage, thus waged, or stipulated, battle
   with  the  champion  of  the  demandant,  who, by taking up the glove,
   accepted  the  challenge.  The wager of battel, which has been long in
   disuse,  was  abolished  in  England  in  1819, by a statute passed in
   consequence  of  a defendant's having waged his battle in a case which
   arose about that period. See Battel. -- Wager of law (Law), the giving
   of  gage,  or sureties, by a defendant in an action of debt, that at a
   certain day assigned he would take a law, or oath, in open court, that
   he  did  not  owe the debt, and at the same time bring with him eleven
   neighbors (called compurgators), who should avow upon their oaths that
   they  believed  in their consciences that he spoke the truth. -- Wager
   policy. (Insurance Law) See under Policy.


   Wa"ger, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wagered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wagering.] To
   hazard  on  the  issue of a contest, or on some question that is to be
   decided, or on some casualty; to lay; to stake; to bet.

     And  wagered  with  him  Pieces of gold 'gainst this which he wore.


   Wa"ger, v. i. To make a bet; to lay a wager.

     'T was merry when You wagered on your angling. Shak.


   Wa"ger*er (?), n. One who wagers, or lays a bet.


   Wa"ger*ing,  a.  Hazarding;  pertaining  to the act of one who wagers.
   Wagering policy. (Com.) See Wager policy, under Policy.


   Wa"ges  (?),  n. plural in termination, but singular in signification.
   [Plural  of  wage;  cf.  F.  gages,  pl., wages, hire. See Wage, n.] A
   compensation  given  to  a  hired  person for services; price paid for
   labor; recompense; hire. See Wage, n., 2.

     The wages of sin is death. Rom. vi. 23.

   Wages  fund (Polit. Econ.), the aggregate capital existing at any time
   in  any country, which theoretically is unconditionally destined to be
   paid  out  in wages. It was formerly held, by Mill and other political
   economists,  that the average rate of wages in any country at any time
   depended  upon  the  relation  of  the  wages  fund  to  the number of
   laborers.  This  theory  has been greatly modified by the discovery of
   other conditions affecting wages, which it does not take into account.
   Encyc. Brit. Syn. -- See under Wage, n.


   Wag"gel  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) The young of the great black-backed gull
   (Larus marinus), formerly considered a distinct species. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wag"ger*y (?), n.; pl. Waggeries (#). [From Wag.] The manner or action
   of   a   wag;   mischievous   merriment;  sportive  trick  or  gayety;
   good-humored  sarcasm;  pleasantry;  jocularity;  as, the waggery of a
   schoolboy. Locke.

     A drollery and lurking waggery of expression. W. Irving.


   Wag"gie (?), n. The pied wagtail. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wag"gish , a.

   1.  Like  a  wag;  mischievous  in sport; roguish in merriment or good
   humor; frolicsome. "A company of waggish boys." L'Estrange.

   2.  Done,  made,  or laid in waggery or for sport; sportive; humorous;
   as, a waggish trick. -- Wag"gish*ly, adv. -- Wag"gish*ness, n.


   Wag"gle  (?),  v.  i.  [Freq. of wag; cf. D. waggelen, G. wackeln.] To
   reel,  sway, or move from side to side; to move with a wagging motion;
   to waddle.

     Why do you go nodding and waggling so? L'Estrange.


   Wag"gle,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Waggled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Waggling
   (?).]  To  move  frequently  one way and the other; to wag; as, a bird
   waggles his tail.


   Wag"-hal`ter  (?), n. [Wag + halter.] One who moves or wears a halter;
   one likely to be hanged. [Colloq. & Obs.]

     I can tell you, I am a mad wag-halter. Marston.


   Wag"ner*ite  (?),  n. (Min.) A fluophosphate of magnesia, occurring in
   yellowish crystals, and also in massive forms.


   Wag"on (?), n. [D. wagen. &root;136. See Wain.]

   1.  A wheeled carriage; a vehicle on four wheels, and usually drawn by
   horses; especially, one used for carrying freight or merchandise.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e Un ited States, light wagons are used for the
     conveyance of persons and light commodities.

   2. A freight car on a railway. [Eng.]

   3. A chariot [Obs.] Spenser.

   4. (Astron.) The Dipper, or Charles's Wain.

     NOTE: &hand; This word and its compounds are often written with two
     g's (waggon, waggonage, etc.), chiefly in England. The forms wagon,
     wagonage, etc., are, however, etymologically preferable, and in the
     United States are almost universally used.

   Wagon  boiler. See the Note under Boiler, 3. -- Wagon ceiling (Arch.),
   a  semicircular,  or  wagon-headed, arch or ceiling; -- sometimes used
   also  of a ceiling whose section is polygonal instead of semicircular.
   -- Wagon master, an officer or person in charge of one or more wagons,
   especially  of those used for transporting freight, as the supplies of
   an  army,  and the like. -- Wagon shoe, a skid, or shoe, for retarding
   the motion of a wagon wheel; a drag. -- Wagon vault. (Arch.) See under
   1st Vault.


   Wag"on  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Wagoned  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Wagoning.]  To  transport  in a wagon or wagons; as, goods are wagoned
   from city to city.


   Wag"on, v. i. To wagon goods as a business; as, the man wagons between
   Philadelphia and its suburbs.


   Wag"on*age (?), n.

   1. Money paid for carriage or conveyance in wagon.

   2. A collection of wagons; wagons, collectively.

     Wagonage, provender, and a piece or two of cannon. Carlyle.


   Wag"on*er (?), n.

   1.  One  who  conducts  a  wagon;  one whose business it is to drive a

   2. (Astron.) The constellation Charles's Wain, or Ursa Major. See Ursa
   major, under Ursa.


   Wag`on*ette"  (?),  n.  A  kind  of pleasure wagon, uncovered and with
   seats extended along the sides, designed to carry six or eight persons
   besides the driver.


   Wag"on*ful  (?),  n.;  pl.  Wagonfuls (. As much as a wagon will hold;
   enough to fill a wagon; a wagonload.


   Wag"on-head`ed (?), a. Having a top, or head, shaped like the top of a
   covered wagon, or resembling in section or outline an inverted U, thus
   as, a wagonheaded ceiling.


   Wag"on*load` (?), n. Same as Wagonful.


   Wag"on-roofed`  (?), a. Having a roof, or top, shaped like an inverted
   U; wagon-headed.


   Wag"on*ry  (?),  n.  Conveyance  by means of a wagon or wagons. [Obs.]


   Wag"on*wright` (?), n. One who makes wagons.


   Wag"tail`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one of many species of Old World
   singing  birds belonging to Motacilla and several allied genera of the
   family Motacillid\'91. They have the habit of constantly jerking their
   long  tails  up  and  down, whence the name. Field wagtail, any one of
   several  species  of  wagtails  of  the  genus Budytes having the tail
   shorter,  the  legs  longer,  and the hind claw longer and straighter,
   than  do  the  water wagtails. Most of the species are yellow beneath.
   Called   also   yellow   wagtail.   --   Garden  wagtail,  the  Indian
   black-breasted  wagtail  (Nemoricola  Indica).  --  Pied  wagtail, the
   common  European  water wagtail (Motacilla lugubris). It is variegated
   with black and white. The name is applied also to other allied species
   having  similar  colors.  Called  also  pied  dishwasher.  --  Wagtail
   flycatcher,  a  true  flycatcher (Sauloprocta motacilloides) common in
   Southern  Australia,  where it is very tame, and frequents stock yards
   and  gardens  and  often  builds its nest about houses; -- called also
   black  fantail.  --  Water  wagtail. (a) Any one of several species of
   wagtails  of  the restricted genus Motacilla. They live chiefly on the
   shores  of ponds and streams. (b) The American water thrush. See Water
   thrush.  --  Wood  wagtail,  an Asiatic wagtail; (Calobates sulphurea)
   having a slender bill and short legs.


   Wah (w&aum;), n. (Zo\'94l.) The panda.


   Wa*ha"bee (?), n. [Ar. wah\'bebi.] A follower of Abdel Wahab (b. 1691;
   d.   1787),   a  reformer  of  Mohammedanism.  His  doctrines  prevail
   particularly  among  the Bedouins, and the sect, though checked in its
   influence,  extends  to  most  parts  of  Arabia, and also into India.
   [Written also Wahaby.]


   Waid  (?),  a.  [For weighed.] Oppressed with weight; crushed; weighed
   down. [Obs.] Tusser.


   Waif  (?), n. [OF. waif, gaif, as adj., lost, unclaimed, chose gaive a
   waif, LL. wayfium, res vaivae; of Scand. origin. See Waive.]

   1.  (Eng.  Law.)  Goods  found  of  which  the  owner  is  not  known;
   originally,  such goods as a pursued thief threw away to prevent being
   apprehended,  which belonged to the king unless the owner made pursuit
   of the felon, took him, and brought him to justice. Blackstone.

   2. Hence, anything found, or without an owner; that which comes along,
   as  it  were,  by  chance.  "Rolling  in his mind old waifs of rhyme."

   3. A wanderer; a castaway; a stray; a homeless child.

     A waif Desirous to return, and not received. Cowper.


   Waift (?), n. A waif. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Wail  (?), v. t. [Cf. Icel. val choice, velja to choose, akin to Goth.
   waljan,  G.  w\'84hlen.] To choose; to select. [Obs.] "Wailed wine and
   meats." Henryson.


   Wail,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Wailed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wailing.] [OE.
   wailen, weilen, probably fr. Icel. v\'91la; cf. Icel. v\'91, vei, woe,
   and  E.  wayment,  also  OE.  wai,  wei,  woe. Cf. Woe.] To lament; to
   bewail; to grieve over; as, to wail one's death. Shak.


   Wail,  v.  i.  To  express sorrow audibly; to make mournful outcry; to

     Therefore I will wail and howl. Micah i. 8.


     Wail,  n.  Loud weeping; violent lamentation; wailing. "The wail of
     the forest." Longfellow.


     Wail"er (?), n. One who wails or laments.


     Wail"er*ess (?), n. A woman who wails. [Obs.]


     Wail"ful  (?),  a.  Sorrowful;  mournful.  "  Like wailful widows."
     Spenser. "Wailful sonnets." Shak.


     Wail"ing*ly, adv. In a wailing manner.


     Wail"ment  (?),  n.  Lamentation; loud weeping; wailing. [Obs.] Bp.


     Wai"ment (?). v. & n. See Wayment. [Obs.]


     Wain  (?),  n.  [OE. wain, AS. w\'91gn; akin to D. & G. wagen, OHG.
     wagan, Icel. & Sw. vagn, Dan. vogn, and E. way. Way, Weigh, and cf.

     1. A four-wheeled vehicle for the transportation of goods, produce,
     etc.; a wagon.

     The wardens see nothing but a wain of hay. Jeffrey.

     Driving  in  ponderous wains their household goods to the seashore.

     2. A chariot. [Obs.]

   The  Wain.  (Astron.)  See  Charles's Wain, in the Vocabulary. -- Wain
   rope, a cart rope. Shak.


   Wain"a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of  being plowed or cultivated; arable;
   tillable. [Obs.] Cowell.


   Wain"age (?; 48), n. [From Wain.] A finding of carriages, carts, etc.,
   for the transportation of goods, produce, etc. Ainsworth.


   Wain"age, n. (O. Eng. Law) See Gainage, a.


   Wain"bote` (?), n. [Wain + bote.] (O. Eng. Law) See Cartbote. See also
   the Note under Bote.


   Wain"scot  (?), n. [OD. waeghe-schot, D. wagen-schot, a clapboard, fr.
   OD.  waeg,  weeg,  a wall (akin to AS. wah; cf. Icel. veggr) + schot a
   covering of boards (akin to E. shot, shoot).]

   1. Oaken timber or boarding. [Obs.]

     A  wedge  wainscot  is  fittest  and most proper for cleaving of an
     oaken tree. Urquhart.

     Inclosed in a chest of wainscot. J. Dart.

   2.  (Arch.)  A  wooden  lining or boarding of the walls of apartments,
   usually made in panels.


   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of numerous species of European moths of the
   family Leucanid\'91.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ey are reddish or yellowish, streaked or lined with
     black and white. Their larv\'91 feed on grasses and sedges.


   Wain"scot,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Wainscoted;  p.  pr.  &  vb.  n.
   Wainscoting.]  To  line  with  boards  or  panelwork,  or  as  if with
   panelwork; as, to wainscot a hall.

     Music soundeth better in chambers wainscoted than hanged. Bacon.

     The other is wainscoted with looking-glass. Addison.


   Wain"scot*ing, n.

   1. The act or occupation of covering or lining with boards in panel.

   2.  The material used to wainscot a house, or the wainscot as a whole;


   Wain"wright` (?), n. Same as Wagonwright.


   Wair (?), n. (Carp.) A piece of plank two yard Bailey.


   Waist  (?),  n.  [OE.  wast; originally, growth, akin to AS. weaxan to
   grow; cf. AS. w\'91stm growth. See Wax to grow.]

   1.  That part of the human body which is immediately below the ribs or
   thorax;  the  small  part  of  the  body  between the thorax and hips.

     I am in the waist two yards about. Shak.

   2.  Hence,  the  middle part of other bodies; especially (Naut.), that
   part  of  a  vessel's  deck,  bulwarks,  etc.,  which  is  between the
   quarter-deck and the forecastle; the middle part of the ship.

   3.  A  garment,  or  part of a garment, which covers the body from the
   neck or shoulders to the waist line.

   4. A girdle or belt for the waist. [Obs.] Shak.
   Waist anchor. See Sheet anchor, 1, in the Vocabulary.


   Waist"band (?), n.

   1.  The  band which encompasses the waist; esp., one on the upper part
   of breeches, trousers, pantaloons, skirts, or the like.

   2. A sash worn by women around the waist. [R.]


   Waist"cloth (?), n.

   1.  A  cloth  or  wrapper  worn  about the waist; by extension, such a
   garment worn about the hips and passing between the thighs.

   2.  (Naut.) A covering of canvas or tarpaulin for the hammocks, stowed
   on the nettings, between the quarterdeck and the forecastle.


   Waist"coat  (?),  n.  (a) A short, sleeveless coat or garment for men,
   worn  under  the  coat, extending no lower than the hips, and covering
   the  waist; a vest. (b) A garment occasionally worn by women as a part
   of fashionable costume.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e wa istcoat was a part of female attire as well as
     male  .  . . It was only when the waistcoat was worn without a gown
     or  upper  dress  that  it  was  considered  the  mark  of a mad or
     profligate woman. Nares.

   Syn. -- See Vest.


   Waist`coat*eer" (?), n. One wearing a waistcoat; esp., a woman wearing
   one  uncovered, or thought fit for such a habit; hence, a loose woman;
   strumpet. [Obs.]

     Do  you  think  you are here, sir, Amongst your waistcoateers, your
     base wenches? Beau. & Fl.


   Waist"coat*ing,  n.  A  fabric  designed  for waistcoats; esp., one in
   which there is a pattern, differently colored yarns being used.


   Waist"er  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  A  seaman,  usually  a  green  hand  or a
   broken-down  man,  stationed  in  the  waist of a vessel of war. R. H.
   Dana, Jr.


   Wait  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Waited; p. pr. & vb. n. Waiting.] [OE.
   waiten,  OF.  waitier, gaitier, to watch, attend, F. guetter to watch,
   to  wait  for,  fr.  OHG.  wahta  a  guard, watch, G. wacht, from OHG.
   wahh\'c7n to watch, be awake. \'fb134. See Wake, v. i.]

   1. To watch; to observe; to take notice. [Obs.]

     "But [unless] ye wait well and be privy, I wot right well, I am but
     dead," quoth she. Chaucer.

   2.  To  stay or rest in expectation; to stop or remain stationary till
   the arrival of some person or event; to rest in patience; to stay; not
   to depart.

     All the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come.
     Job xiv. 14.

     They also serve who only stand and wait. Milton.

     Haste, my dear father; 't is no time to wait. Dryden.

   Page 1623

   To  wait  on OR upon. (a) To attend, as a servant; to perform services
   for;  as, to wait on a gentleman; to wait on the table. "Authority and
   reason  on  her  wait." Milton. "I must wait on myself, must I?" Shak.
   (b) To attend; to go to see; to visit on business or for ceremony. (c)
   To follow, as a consequence; to await. "That ruin that waits on such a
   supine temper." Dr. H. More. (d) To look watchfully at; to follow with
   the  eye;  to  watch.  [R.] "It is a point of cunning to wait upon him
   with  whom  you  speak  with  your  eye."  Bacon. (e) To attend to; to
   perform.  "Aaron  and  his  sons  .  .  .  shallwait on their priest's
   office." Num. iii. 10. (f) (Falconry) To fly above its master, waiting
   till game is sprung; -- said of a hawk. Encyc. Brit.
   Wait (?), v. t.
   1.  To  stay  for;  to rest or remain stationary in expectation of; to
   await; as, to wait orders.
     Awed  with  these  words,  in camps they still abide, And wait with
     longing looks their promised guide. Dryden.
   2. To attend as a consequence; to follow upon; to accompany; to await.
   3.  To attend on; to accompany; especially, to attend with ceremony or
   respect. [Obs.]
     He chose a thousand horse, the flower of all His warlike troops, to
     wait the funeral. Dryden.
     Remorse  and  heaviness  of  heart shall wait thee, And everlasting
     anguish be thy portion. Rowe.
   4.  To cause to wait; to defer; to postpone; -- said of a meal; as, to
   wait dinner. [Colloq.]
   Wait,  n.  [OF.  waite, guaite, gaite, F. guet watch, watching, guard,
   from OHG. wahta. See Wait, v. i.]
   1. The act of waiting; a delay; a halt.
     There  is  a  wait  of three hours at the border Mexican town of El
     Paso. S. B. Griffin.
   2. Ambush. "An enemy in wait." Milton.

   3. One who watches; a watchman. [Obs.]

   4.  pl.  Hautboys, or oboes, played by town musicians; not used in the
   singular. [Obs.] Halliwell.

   5.  pl.  Musicians  who sing or play at night or in the early morning,
   especially  at  Christmas time; serenaders; musical watchmen. [Written
   formerly wayghtes.]

     Hark! are the waits abroad? Beau & Fl.

     The  sound  of  the  waits, rude as may be their minstrelsy, breaks
     upon  the mild watches of a winter night with the effect of perfect
     harmony. W. Irving.

   To lay wait, to prepare an ambuscade. -- To lie in wait. See under 4th


   Wait"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who,  or  that  which,  waits;  an  attendant;  a  servant in
   attendance, esp. at table.

     The  waiters  stand  in ranks; the yeomen cry, "Make room," as if a
     duke were passing by. Swift.

   2.  A vessel or tray on which something is carried, as dishes, etc.; a
   Coast waiter. See under Coast, n.


   Wait"ing,  a.  & n. from Wait, v. In waiting, in attendance; as, lords
   in  waiting.  [Eng.]  -- Waiting gentlewoman, a woman who waits upon a
   person  of  rank.  -- Waiting maid, Waiting woman, a maid or woman who
   waits upon another as a personal servant.


   Wait"ing*ly, adv. By waiting.


   Wait"ress  (?),  n.  A  female  waiter or attendant; a waiting maid or
   waiting   woman.   <--  esp.  one  employed  in  a  commercial  dining
   establishment,  who takes the customers' orders, brings the meals, and
   otherwise  serves  the customers who are seated at a table or counter.


   Waive (?), n. [See Waive, v. t. ]

   1. A waif; a castaway. [Obs.] Donne.

   2.  (O.  Eng.  Law)  A woman put out of the protection of the law. See
   Waive, v. t., 3 (b), and the Note.


   Waive,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Waived (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Waiving.] [OE.
   waiven,  weiven,  to set aside, remove, OF. weyver, quesver, to waive,
   of  Scand.  origin;  cf. Icel. veifa to wave, to vibrate, akin to Skr.
   vip to tremble. Cf. Vibrate, Waif.] [Written also wave.]

   1.  To  relinquish; to give up claim to; not to insist on or claim; to
   refuse; to forego.

     He waiveth milk, and flesh, and all. Chaucer.

     We  absolutely  do  renounce  or waive our own opinions, absolutely
     yielding to the direction of others. Barrow.

   2. To throw away; to cast off; to reject; to desert.

   3.  (Law)  (a)  To  throw  away; to relinquish voluntarily, as a right
   which  one  may enforce if he chooses. (b) (O. Eng. Law) To desert; to
   abandon. Burrill.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e term was applied to a woman, in the same sense as
     outlaw to a man. A woman could not be outlawed, in the proper sense
     of  the  word, because, according to Bracton, she was never in law,
     that  is,  in  a frankpledge or decennary; but she might be waived,
     and held as abandoned. Burrill.


   Waive, v. i. To turn aside; to recede. [Obs.]

     To waive from the word of Solomon. Chaucer.


   Waiv"er  (?),  n.  (Law) The act of waiving, or not insisting on, some
   right, claim, or privilege.


   Waiv"ure (?), n. See Waiver. [R.]


   Wai"wode (?), n. See Waywode.


   Wake  (?),  n.  [Originally,  an  open  space of water sv\'94k a hole,
   opening  in  ice,  Sw. vak, Dan. vaage, perhaps akin to E. humid.] The
   track  left by a vessel in the water; by extension, any track; as, the
   wake of an army.

     This  effect  followed  immediately  in  the  wake  of his earliest
     exertions. De Quincey.

     Several  humbler  persons  .  .  . formed quite a procession in the
     dusty wake of his chariot wheels. Thackeray.


   Wake,  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Waked (?) or Woke (p. pr. & vb. n. Waking.]
   [AS.  wacan,  wacian;  akin  to  OFries.  waka,  OS. wak, D. waken, G.
   wachen,  OHG. wahh, Icel. vaka, Sw. vaken, Dan. vaage, Goth. wakan, v.
   i., uswakjan, v. t., Skr. v\'bejay to rouse, to impel. Vigil, Wait, v.
   i., Watch, v. i.]

   1. To be or to continue awake; to watch; not to sleep.

     The father waketh for the daughter. Ecclus. xlii. 9.

     Though wisdom wake, suspicion sleeps. Milton.

     I  can  not  think  any  time,  waking  or  sleeping, without being
     sensible of it. Locke.

   2. To sit up late festive purposes; to hold a night revel.

     The  king  doth  wake to-night, and takes his rouse, Keeps wassail,
     and the swaggering upspring reels. Shak.

   3.  To  be  excited or roused from sleep; to awake; to be awakened; to
   cease to sleep; -- often with up.

     He  infallibly  woke up at the sound of the concluding doxology. G.

   4. To be exited or roused up; to be stirred up from a dormant, torpid,
   or inactive state; to be active.

     Gentle airs due at their hour To fan the earth now waked. Milton.

     Then wake, my soul, to high desires. Keble.


   Wake (?), v. t.

   1. To rouse from sleep; to awake.

     The angel . . . came again and waked me. Zech. iv. 1.

   2.  To  put  in motion or action; to arouse; to excite. "I shall waken
   all this company." Chaucer.

     Lest fierce remembrance wake my sudden rage. Milton.

     Even Richard's crusade woke little interest in his island realm. J.
     R. Green.

   3.  To  bring  to  life  again,  as  if  from  the  sleep of death; to
   reanimate; to revive.

     To second life Waked in the renovation of the just. Milton.

   4. To watch, or sit up with, at night, as a dead body.


   Wake, n.

   1. The act of waking, or being awaked; also, the state of being awake.
   [Obs. or Poetic]

     Making such difference 'twixt wake and sleep. Shak.

     Singing her flatteries to my morning wake. Dryden.

   2.  The  state  of  forbearing sleep, especially for solemn or festive
   purposes; a vigil.

     The warlike wakes continued all the night, And funeral games played
     at new returning light. Dryden.

     The  wood  nymphs,  decked  with daises trim, Their merry wakes and
     pastimes keep. Milton.

   3.  Specifically: (a) (Ch. of Eng.) An annual parish festival formerly
   held  in  commemoration  of  the  dedication  of a church. Originally,
   prayers were said on the evening preceding, and hymns were sung during
   the   night,   in   the   church;   subsequently,  these  vigils  were
   discontinued,  and  the  day  itself,  often with succeeding days, was
   occupied  in  rural  pastimes  and  exercises,  attended by eating and
   drinking, often to excess.

     Great  solemnities  were  made in all churches, and great fairs and
     wakes throughout all England. Ld. Berners.

     And every village smokes at wakes with lusty cheer. Drayton.

   (b)  The sitting up of persons with a dead body, often attended with a
   degree of festivity, chiefly among the Irish. "Blithe as shepherd at a
   wake." Cowper. Wake play, the ceremonies and pastimes connected with a
   wake. See Wake, n., 3 (b), above. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wake"ful   (?),  a.  Not  sleeping;  indisposed  to  sleep;  watchful;

     Dissembling sleep, but wakeful with the fright. Dryden.

   -- Wake"ful*ly, adv. -- Wake"ful*ness, n.


   Wak"en  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  pr.  Wakened  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Wakening.]  [OE.  waknen,  AS.  w\'91cnan; akin to Goth. gawaknan. See
   Wake, v. i.] To wake; to cease to sleep; to be awakened.

     Early, Turnus wakening with the light. Dryden.


   Wak"en, v. t.

   1.  To  excite or rouse from sleep; to wake; to awake; to awaken. "Go,
   waken Eve." Milton.

   2. To excite; to rouse; to move to action; to awaken.

     Then  Homer's  and  Tyrt\'91us'  martial  muse  Wakened  the world.

     Venus now wakes, and wakens love. Milton.

     They introduce Their sacred song, and waken raptures high. Milton.


   Wak"en*er (?), n. One who wakens.


   Wak"en*ing, n.

   1.  The  act  of one who wakens; esp., the act of ceasing to sleep; an

   2. (Scots Law) The revival of an action. Burrill.

     They  were  too  much  ashamed to bring any wakening of the process
     against Janet. Sir W. Scott.


   Wak"er (?), n. One who wakes.


   Wake"-rob`in  (?),  n. (Bot.) Any plant of the genus Arum, especially,
   in England, the cuckoopint (Arum maculatum).

     NOTE: &hand; In  Am erica th e na me is given to several species of
     Trillium, and sometimes to the Jack-in-the-pulpit.


   Wake"time` (?), n. Time during which one is awake. [R.] Mrs. Browning.


   Wak"ing, n.

   1. The act of waking, or the state or period of being awake.

   2.  A watch; a watching. [Obs.] "Bodily pain . . . standeth in prayer,
   in wakings, in fastings." Chaucer.

     In the fourth waking of the night. Wyclif (Matt. xiv. 25).


   Wa"la*way (?), interj. See Welaway. [Obs.]


   Wald (?), n. [AS. weald. See Wold.] A forest; -- used as a termination
   of names. See Weald.


   Wal*den"ses  (?;  277), n. pl. [So called from Petrus Waldus, or Peter
   Waldo,  a  merchant of Lyons, who founded this sect about a. d. 1170.]
   (Eccl.  Hist.)  A sect of dissenters from the ecclesiastical system of
   the  Roman  Catholic  Church,  who  in the 13th century were driven by
   persecution  to the valleys of Piedmont, where the sect survives. They
   profess substantially Protestant principles.


   Wal*den"sian  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to the Waldenses. -- n. One
   Holding the Waldensian doctrines.


   Wald"grave (?), n. [See Wald, and Margrave.] In the old German empire,
   the head forest keeper.


   Wald*hei"mi*a (?), n. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of brachiopods of which
   many  species  are found in the fossil state. A few still exist in the
   deep sea.


   Wale  (?),  n.  [AS.  walu  a  mark  of  stripes  or  blows,  probably
   originally,  a  rod;  akin to Icel. v\'94lr, Goth. walus a rod, staff.
   &root;146. Cf. Goal, Weal a wale.]

   1.  A  streak  or  mark made on the skin by a rod or whip; a stripe; a
   wheal. See Wheal. Holland.

   2. A ridge or streak rising above the surface, as of cloth; hence, the
   texture of cloth.

     Thou  'rt rougher far, And of a coarser wale, fuller of pride. Beau
     & Fl.

   3.  (Carp.)  A timber bolted to a row of piles to secure them together
   and in position. Knight.

   4.  (Naut.) (a) pl. Certain sets or strakes of the outside planking of
   a  vessel;  as,  the  main wales, or the strakes of planking under the
   port  sills  of  the  gun deck; channel wales, or those along the spar
   deck, etc. (b) A wale knot, or wall knot.
   Wale knot. (Naut.) See Wall knot, under 1st Wall.


   Wale, v. t.

   1. To mark with wales, or stripes.

   2. To choose; to select; specifically (Mining), to pick out the refuse
   of (coal) by hand, in order to clean it. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]


   Wal*hal"la (?), n. [Cf. G. walhalla, See Valhalla.] See Valhalla.


   Wal"ing (?), n. (Naut.) Same as Wale, n., 4.


   Walk  (w&asdd;k),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Walked (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Walking.]  [OE.  walken,  probably  from  AS.  wealcan  to roll, turn,
   revolve,  akin  to D. walken to felt hats, to work a hat, G. walken to
   full, OHG. walchan to beat, to full, Icel. v\'belka to roll, to stamp,
   Sw.  valka  to  full,  to  roll,  Dan. valke to full; cf. Skr. valg to
   spring;  but  cf.  also  AS.  weallian  to  roam,  ramble,  G. wallen.

   1.  To move along on foot; to advance by steps; to go on at a moderate
   pace; specifically, of two-legged creatures, to proceed at a slower or
   faster  rate, but without running, or lifting one foot entirely before
   the other touches the ground.

     At the end of twelve months, he walked in the palace of the kingdom
     of Babylon. Dan. iv. 29.

     When  Peter  was come down out of the ship, he walked on the water,
     to go to Jesus. Matt. xiv. 29.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e walk of quadrupeds, there are always two, and
     for  a brief space there are three, feet on the ground at once, but
     never four.

   2.  To move or go on the feet for exercise or amusement; to take one's
   exercise; to ramble.

   3.  To  be  stirring; to be abroad; to go restlessly about; -- said of
   things  or  persons expected to remain quiet, as a sleeping person, or
   the  spirit  of  a  dead  person;  to  go about as a somnambulist or a

     I  have  heard,  but not believed, the spirits of the dead May walk
     again. Shak.

     When was it she last walked? Shak.

   4.  To  be  in motion; to act; to move; to wag. [Obs.] "Her tongue did
   walk in foul reproach." Spenser.

     Do you think I'd walk in any plot? B. Jonson.

     I heard a pen walking in the chimney behind the cloth. Latimer.

   5. To behave; to pursue a course of life; to conduct one's self.

     We  walk perversely with God, and he will walk crookedly toward us.
     Jer. Taylor.

   6. To move off; to depart. [Obs. or Colloq.]

     He will make their cows and garrans to walk. Spenser.

   To  walk in, to go in; to enter, as into a house. -- To walk after the
   flesh  (Script.),  to  indulge  sensual appetites, and to live in sin.
   Rom.  viii.  1. -- To walk after the Spirit (Script.), to be guided by
   the  counsels  and  influences  of the Spirit, and by the word of God.
   Rom.  viii.  1.  --  To  walk  by faith (Script.), to live in the firm
   belief  of  the  gospel  and  its  promises, and to rely on Christ for
   salvation.  2  Cor. v. 7. -- To walk in darkness (Script.), to live in
   ignorance,  error,  and  sin.  1  John  i.  6. -- To walk in the flesh
   (Script.),  to live this natural life, which is subject to infirmities
   and  calamities.  2  Cor.  x. 3. -- To walk in the light (Script.), to
   live  in  the  practice  of religion, and to enjoy its consolations. 1
   John  i. 7. -- To walk over, in racing, to go over a course at a walk;
   --  said of a horse when there is no other entry; hence, colloquially,
   to  gain an easy victory in any contest.<-- = to win in a walk. --> --
   To  walk  through  the  fire  (Script.),  to  be exercised with severe
   afflictions.  Isa. xliii. 2. -- To walk with God (Script.), to live in
   obedience to his commands, and have communion with him.


   Walk, v. t.

   1. To pass through, over, or upon; to traverse; to perambulate; as, to
   walk the streets.

     As we walk our earthly round. Keble.

   2.  To  cause to walk; to lead, drive, or ride with a slow pace; as to
   walk  one's  horses.  "  I  will rather trust . . . a thief to walk my
   ambling gelding." Shak.

   3.  [AS.  wealcan  to  roll. See Walk to move on foot.] To subject, as
   cloth or yarn, to the fulling process; to full. [Obs. or Scot.]
   To  walk  the  plank,  to  walk  off  the  plank into the water and be
   drowned;  --  an  expression  derived from the practice of pirates who
   extended  a  plank  from  the side of a ship, and compelled those whom
   they  would  drown to walk off into the water; figuratively, to vacate
   an office by compulsion. Bartlett.


   Walk, n.

   1. The act of walking, or moving on the feet with a slow pace; advance
   without running or leaping.

   2.  The act of walking for recreation or exercise; as, a morning walk;
   an evening walk.

   3.  Manner  of  walking;  gait;  step; as, we often know a person at a
   distance by his walk.

   4.  That in or through which one walks; place or distance walked over;
   a place for walking; a path or avenue prepared for foot passengers, or
   for  taking  air  and exercise; way; road; hence, a place or region in
   which animals may graze; place of wandering; range; as, a sheep walk.

     A woody mountain . . . with goodliest trees Planted, with walks and
     bowers. Milton.

     He had walk for a hundred sheep. Latimer.

     Amid  the  sound  of steps that beat The murmuring walks like rain.

   5.  A frequented track; habitual place of action; sphere; as, the walk
   of the historian.

     The mountains are his walks. Sandys.

     He opened a boundless walk for his imagination. Pope.

   6. Conduct; course of action; behavior.

   7. The route or district regularly served by a vender; as, a milkman's
   walk. [Eng.]

   Page 1624


   Walk"a*ble  (?), a. Fit to be walked on; capable of being walked on or
   over. [R.] Swift.


   Walk"er (?), n.

   1. One who walks; a pedestrian.

   2. That with which one walks; a foot. [Obs.]

     Lame Mulciber, his walkers quite misgrown. Chapman.

   3.  (Law)  A forest officer appointed to walk over a certain space for
   inspection; a forester.

   4.  [AS.  wealcere.  See  Walk, v. t., 3.] A fuller of cloth. [Obs. or
   Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

     She  cursed  the  weaver and the walker The cloth that had wrought.
     Percy's Reliques.

   5. (Zo\'94l.) Any ambulatorial orthopterous insect, as a stick insect.


   Walk"ing, a. & n. from Walk, v. Walking beam. See Beam, 10. -- Walking
   crane,  a  kind  of traveling crane. See under Crane. -- Walking fern.
   (Bot.) See Walking leaf, below. -- Walking fish (Zo\'94l.), any one of
   numerous species of Asiatic fishes of the genus Ophiocephalus, some of
   which, as O. marulius, become over four feet long. They have a special
   cavity over the gills lined with a membrane adapted to retain moisture
   to  aid  in  respiration,  and  are  thus  able to travel considerable
   distances  over  the  land at night, whence the name. They construct a
   curious nest for their young. Called also langya. -- Walking gentleman
   (Theater),  an actor who usually fills subordinate parts which require
   a  gentlemanly  appearance  but  few  words.  [Cant]  --  Walking lady
   (Theater),  an  actress who usually fills such parts as require only a
   ladylike appearance on the stage. [Cant] -- Walking leaf. (a) (Bot.) A
   little  American fern (Camptosorus rhizophyllus); -- so called because
   the  fronds  taper  into slender prolongations which often root at the
   apex,  thus  producing  new  plants. (b) (Zo\'94l.) A leaf insect. See
   under  Leaf.  -- Walking papers, OR Walking ticket, an order to leave;
   dismissal, as from office. [Colloq.] Bartlett. -- Walking stick. (a) A
   stick  or  staff carried in the hand for hand for support or amusement
   when  walking;  a  cane. (b) (Zo\'94l.) A stick insect; -- called also
   walking  straw.  See  Illust. of Stick insect, under Stick. -- Walking
   wheel  (Mach.),  a  prime  mover  consisting  of a wheel driven by the
   weight of men or animals walking either in it or on it; a treadwheel.


   Walk"-mill`  (?), n. [Walk to Walking Leaf, or full + mill.] A fulling
   mill. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Walk"-o`ver  (?),  n.  In  racing,  the going over a course by a horse
   which  has  no  competitor  for  the  prize;  hence,  colloquially,  a
   one-sided contest; an uncontested, or an easy, victory.<-- = a walk; a
   cake-walk. -->


   Wal"kyr, n. (Scand. Myth.) See Valkyria.


   Wall (?), n. (Naut.) A kind of knot often used at the end of a rope; a
   wall knot; a wale. Wall knot, a knot made by unlaying the strands of a
   rope,  and  making  a  bight  with  the first strand, then passing the
   second  over  the  end of the first, and the third over the end of the
   second and through the bight of the first; a wale knot. Wall knots may
   be single or double, crowned or double-crowned.
   Wall  (?), n. [AS. weall, from L. vallum a wall, vallus a stake, pale,
   palisade; akin to Gr. Interval.]
   1.  A work or structure of stone, brick, or other materials, raised to
   some height, and intended for defense or security, solid and permanent
   inclosing fence, as around a field, a park, a town, etc., also, one of
   the upright inclosing parts of a building or a room.
     The plaster of the wall of the King's palace. Dan. v. 5.
   2.  A  defense;  a  rampart;  a  means  of  protection; in the plural,
   fortifications, in general; works for defense.
     The  waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their
     left. Ex. xiv. 22.
     In such a night, Troilus, methinks, mounted the Troyan walls. Shak.
     To rush undaunted to defend the walls. Dryden.
   3.  An  inclosing  part  of a receptacle or vessel; as, the walls of a
   steam-engine cylinder.

   4.  (Mining)  (a)  The  side of a level or drift. (b) The country rock
   bounding a vein laterally. Raymond.

     NOTE: &hand; Wa ll is  of ten us ed ad jectively, an d al so in the
     formation  of  compounds,  usually  of obvious signification; as in
     wall  paper,  or wall-paper; wall fruit, or wall-fruit; wallflower,

   Blank  wall, Blind wall, etc. See under Blank, Blind, etc. -- To drive
   to  the wall, to bring to extremities; to push to extremes; to get the
   advantage  of,  or  mastery  over.  --  To  go to the wall, to be hard
   pressed  or  driven; to be the weaker party; to be pushed to extremes.
   --  To  take  the wall. to take the inner side of a walk, that is, the
   side  next  the  wall; hence, to take the precedence. "I will take the
   wall of any man or maid of Montague's." Shak. -- Wall barley (Bot.), a
   kind  of  grass  (Hordeum  murinum)  much  resembling barley; squirrel
   grass. See under Squirrel. -- Wall box. (Mach.) See Wall frame, below.
   --  Wall  creeper  (Zo\'94l.), a small bright-colored bird (Tichodroma
   muraria)  native of Asia and Southern Europe. It climbs about over old
   walls  and  cliffs  in  search  of  insects  and  spiders. Its body is
   ash-gray  above,  the wing coverts are carmine-red, the primary quills
   are mostly red at the base and black distally, some of them with white
   spots,  and  the tail is blackish. Called also spider catcher. -- Wall
   cress   (Bot.),  a  name  given  to  several  low  cruciferous  herbs,
   especially  to the mouse-ear cress. See under Mouse-ear. -- Wall frame
   (Mach.),  a  frame  set in a wall to receive a pillow block or bearing
   for a shaft passing through the wall; -- called also wall box. -- Wall
   fruit,  fruit  borne  by  trees  trained against a wall. -- Wall gecko
   (Zo\'94l.),  any one of several species of Old World geckos which live
   in  or about buildings and run over the vertical surfaces of walls, to
   which  they  cling  by  means  of  suckers on the feet. -- Wall lizard
   (Zo\'94l.), a common European lizard (Lacerta muralis) which frequents
   houses,  and lives in the chinks and crevices of walls; -- called also
   wall  newt.  --  Wall  louse,  a  wood louse. -- Wall moss (Bot.), any
   species  of  moss  growing on walls. -- Wall newt (Zo\'94l.), the wall
   lizard.  Shak.  --  Wall paper, paper for covering the walls of rooms;
   paper hangings. -- Wall pellitory (Bot.), a European plant (Parictaria
   officinalis) growing on old walls, and formerly esteemed medicinal. --
   Wall  pennywort  (Bot.),  a plant (Cotyledon Umbilicus) having rounded
   fleshy  leaves. It is found on walls in Western Europe. -- Wall pepper
   (Bot.),  a  low  mosslike  plant (Sedum acre) with small fleshy leaves
   having  a  pungent  taste  and bearing yellow flowers. It is common on
   walls  and  rocks in Europe, and is sometimes seen in America. -- Wall
   pie  (Bot.), a kind of fern; wall rue. -- Wall piece, a gun planted on
   a  wall.  H. L. Scott. -- Wall plate (Arch.), a piece of timber placed
   horizontally  upon a wall, and supporting posts, joists, and the like.
   See Illust. of Roof. -- Wall rock, granular limestone used in building
   walls.  [U.  S.] Bartlett. -- Wall rue (Bot.), a species of small fern
   (Asplenium  Ruta-muraria)  growing  on  walls, rocks, and the like. --
   Wall  spring, a spring of water issuing from stratified rocks. -- Wall
   tent,  a tent with upright cloth sides corresponding to the walls of a
   house.  --  Wall  wasp  (Zo\'94l.),  a  common  European solitary wasp
   (Odynerus parietus) which makes its nest in the crevices of walls.


   Wall (, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Walled (; p. pr. & vb. n. Walling.]

   1.  To  inclose with a wall, or as with a wall. "Seven walled towns of
   strength." Shak.
     The  king  of  Thebes,  Amphion,  That with his singing walled that
     city. Chaucer.
   2. To defend by walls, or as if by walls; to fortify.

     The terror of his name that walls us in. Denham.

   3. To close or fill with a wall, as a doorway.


   Wal"la*ba  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  leguminous  tree  (Eperua  falcata) of
   Demerara, with pinnate leaves and clusters of red flowers. The reddish
   brown  wood  is  used  for palings and shingles. J. Smith (Dict. Econ.


   Wal"la*by (?), n.; pl. Wallabies (#). [From a native name.] (Zo\'94l.)
   Any  one  of  numerous  species  of  kangaroos  belonging to the genus
   Halmaturus,  native  of Australia and Tasmania, especially the smaller
   species,  as  the  brush kangaroo (H. Bennettii) and the pademelon (H.
   thetidis). The wallabies chiefly inhabit the wooded district and bushy
   plains. [Written also wallabee, and whallabee.]


   Wal"lah  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) A black variety of the jaguar; -- called
   also tapir tiger. [Written also walla.]


   Wal`la*roo" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species of kangaroos
   of  the  genus  Macropus, especially M. robustus, sometimes called the
   great wallaroo.


   Wall"bird` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The spotted flycatcher. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wall"er (?), n. One who builds walls.


   Wall"er, n. [G.] (Zo\'94l.) The wels.

                            Wallerian degeneration

   Wal*le"ri*an  de*gen`er*a"tion  (?).  (Med.)  A  form  of degeneration
   occurring  in nerve fibers as a result of their division; -- so called
   from Dr. Waller, who published an account of it in 1850.


   Wal"let (?), n. [OE. walet, probably the same word as OE. watel a bag.
   See Wattle.]

   1.  A bag or sack for carrying about the person, as a bag for carrying
   the  necessaries  for a journey; a knapsack; a beggar's receptacle for
   charity; a peddler's pack.

     [His hood] was trussed up in his walet. Chaucer.

   2. A pocketbook for keeping money about the person.

   3. Anything protuberant and swagging. "Wallets of flesh." Shak.


   Wal`let*eer"  (?),  n.  One  who  carries a wallet; a foot traveler; a
   tramping beggar. [Colloq.] Wright.


   Wall"-eye` (?), n. [See Wall-eyed.]

   1.  An eye in which the iris is of a very light gray or whitish color;
   -- said usually of horses. Booth.

     NOTE: &hand; Jo nson ha s de fined wall-eye to be "a disease in the
     crystalline  humor  of  the  eye;  glaucoma." But glaucoma is not a
     disease of the crystalline humor, nor is wall-eye a disease at all,
     but  merely  a  natural blemish. Tully. In the north of England, as
     Brockett states, persons are said to be wall-eyed when the white of
     the eye is very large and distorted, or on one side.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  An  American  fresh-water food fish (Stizostedion
   vitreum)  having  large  and  prominent eyes; -- called also glasseye,
   pike  perch,  yellow  pike, and wall-eyed perch. (b) A California surf
   fish (Holconotus argenteus). (c) The alewife; -- called also wall-eyed


   Wall"-eyed`  (?),  a.  [Icel.  valdeyg&edh;r,  or vagleygr; fr. vagl a
   beam,  a beam in the eye (akin to Sw. vagel a roost, a perch, a sty in
   the  eye)  + eygr having eyes (from auga eye). See Eye.] Having an eye
   of a very light gray or whitish color. Booth.

     NOTE: &hand; Sh akespeare, in using wall-eyed as a term of reproach
     (as  "wall-eyed  rage,"  a "wall-eyed wretch"), alludes probably to
     the  idea  of  unnatural  or  distorted  vision. See the Note under
     Wall-eye. It is an eye which is utterly and incurably perverted, an
     eye that knows no pity.


   Wall"flow`er (?), n.

   1.  (Bot.)  A  perennial, cruciferous plant (Cheiranthus Cheiri), with
   sweet-scented  flowers varying in color from yellow to orange and deep
   red. In Europe it very common on old walls.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e na me is  so metimes extended to other species of
     Cheiranthus  and  of  the  related  genus  Erysimum, especially the
     American  Western  wallflower  (Erysimum  asperum), a biennial herb
     with orange-yellow flowers.

   2.  A lady at a ball, who, either from choice, or because not asked to
   dance, remains a spectator. [Colloq.]


   Wall"hick` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The lesser spotted woodpecker (Dryobates
   minor). [Prov. Eng.]


   Wall"ing, n.

   1. The act of making a wall or walls.

   2. Walls, in general; material for walls.
   Walling  wax,  a  composition  of  wax  and tallow used by etchers and
   engravers to make a bank, or wall, round the edge of a plate, so as to
   form  a  trough  for  holding  the acid used in etching, and the like.


   Wal*loons"  (?),  n.  pl.; sing. Walloon (. [Cf. F. wallon.] A Romanic
   people  inhabiting  that part of Belgium which comprises the provinces
   of  Hainaut,  Namur,  Li\'82ge, and Luxembourg, and about one third of
   Brabant;   also,  the  language  spoken  by  this  people.  Used  also
   adjectively.  [Written  also  Wallons.]  "A  base Walloon . . . thrust
   Talbot  with  a  spear."  Shak.  Walloon  guard,  the bodyguard of the
   Spanish monarch; -- so called because formerly consisting of Walloons.


   Wal"lop  (?),  v.  i. [Cf. OFlem. walop a gallop; of uncertain origin.
   Cf. Gallop.] To move quickly, but with great effort; to gallop. [Prov.
   Eng. & Scot.]


   Wal"lop, n. A quick, rolling movement; a gallop. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]


   Wal"lop, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Walloped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Walloping.]
   [Probably  fr. AS. weallan to spring up, to boil or bubble. &root;147.
   See Well, n. & v. i.]

   1.  To  boil  with  a  continued bubbling or heaving and rolling, with
   noise. [Prov. Eng.] Brockett.

   2.  To  move  in a rolling, cumbersome manner; to waddle. [Prov. Eng.]

   3. To be slatternly. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Wal"lop, v. t.

   1. To beat soundly; to flog; to whip. [Prov. Eng., Scot., & Colloq. U.

   2. To wrap up temporarily. [Prov. Eng.]

   3. To throw or tumble over. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wal"lop, n.

   1. A thick piece of fat. Halliwell.

   2. A blow. [Prov. Eng., Scot., & Colloq. U.S.]


   Wal"low  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Wallowed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Wallowing.]  [OE.  walwen,  AS.  wealwian;  akin  to Goth. walwjan (in
   comp.) to roll, L. volvere; cf. Skr. val to turn. \'fb147. Cf. Voluble
   Well, n.]

   1.  To roll one's self about, as in mire; to tumble and roll about; to
   move lazily or heavily in any medium; to flounder; as, swine wallow in
   the mire.

     I may wallow in the lily beds. Shak.

   2.  To live in filth or gross vice; to disport one's self in a beastly
   and unworthy manner.

     God sees a man wallowing in his native impurity. South.

   3. To wither; to fade. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]


   Wal"low, v. t. To roll; esp., to roll in anything defiling or unclean.
   "Wallow thyself in ashes." Jer. vi. 26.


   Wal"low, n. A kind of rolling walk.

     One taught the toss, and one the new French wallow. Dryden.


   Wal"low*er (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, wallows.

   2. (Mach.) A lantern wheel; a trundle.


   Wal"low*ish,  a.  [Scot.  wallow  to  fade  or wither.] Flat; insipid.
   [Obs.] Overbury.


   Wall"-plat`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) The spotted flycatcher. It builds its
   nest on walls. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wall"-sid`ed  (?),  a.  (Naut.)  Having sides nearly perpendicular; --
   said  of certain vessels to distinguish them from those having flaring
   sides, or sides tumbling home (see under Tumble, v. i.).


   Wall"wort`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  The  dwarf  elder, or danewort (Sambucus


   Walm  (?), v. i. [AS. weallan; cf. w\'91lm, billow. \'fb147.] To roll;
   to spout; to boil up. [Obs.] Holland.


   Wal"nut (?), n. [OE. walnot, AS. wealh-hnutu a Welsh or foreign nut, a
   walnut;  wealh  foreign,  strange,  n., a Welshman, Celt (akin to OHG.
   Walh, properly, a Celt, from the name of a Celtic tribe, in L. Volcae)
   +  hnutu  a  nut;  akin  to D. walnoot, G. walnuss, Icel. valhnot, Sw.
   valn\'94t, Dan valn\'94d. See Nut, and cf. Welsh.] (Bot.) The fruit or
   nut  of any tree of the genus Juglans; also, the tree, and its timber.
   The  seven  or  eight  known  species  are  all  natives  of the north
   temperate zone.

   Page 1625

     NOTE: &hand; In  so me parts of America, especially in New England,
     the name walnut is given to several species of hickory (Carya), and
     their fruit.

   Ash-leaved   walnut,   a   tree   (Juglans  fraxinifolia),  native  in
   Transcaucasia.  --  Black  walnut,  a  North  American tree (J. nigra)
   valuable  for  its  purplish  brown wood, which is extensively used in
   cabinetwork  and for gunstocks. The nuts are thick-shelled, and nearly
   globular.  --  English, OR European, walnut, a tree (J. regia), native
   of  Asia  from  the Caucasus to Japan, valuable for its timber and for
   its  excellent  nuts,  which  are  also called Madeira nuts. -- Walnut
   brown,  a  deep  warm  brown  color, like that of the heartwood of the
   black  walnut.  --  Walnut oil, oil extracted from walnut meats. It is
   used  in  cooking, making soap, etc. -- White walnut, a North American
   tree  (J.  cinerea),  bearing  long,  oval,  thick-shelled, oily nuts,
   commonly called butternuts. See Butternut.
   Wal"rus  (?),  n.  [D.  walrus;  of Scand. origin; cf. Dan valros, Sw.
   vallross,  Norw.  hvalros;  literally,  whale  horse;  akin  to  Icel.
   hrosshvalr,  AS. horshw\'91l. See Whale, and Horse.] (Zo\'94l.) A very
   large marine mammal (Trichecus rosmarus) of the Seal family, native of
   the Arctic Ocean. The male has long and powerful tusks descending from
   the  upper jaw. It uses these in procuring food and in fighting. It is
   hunted  for  its  oil,  ivory, and skin. It feeds largely on mollusks.
   Called also morse. 

     NOTE: &hand; Th e wa lrus of  th e North Pacific and Behring Strait
     (Trichecus  obesus)  is  regarded by some as a distinct species, by
     others as a variety of the common walrus.


   Wal"ter  (?),  v. i. [See Welter.] To roll or wallow; to welter. [Obs.
   or Prov. Eng. & Scot.]


   Wal"tron (?), n. A walrus. [Obs.] Woodward.


   Wal"ty (?), a. [Cf. Walter to roll.] Liable to roll over; crank; as, a
   walty ship. [R.] Longfellow.


   Waltz  (?),  n.  [G. walzer, from walzen to roll, revolve, dance, OHG.
   walzan to roll; akin to AS. wealtan. See Welter.] A dance performed by
   two  persons in circular figures with a whirling motion; also, a piece
   of music composed in triple measure for this kind of dance.


   Waltz,  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Waltzed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Waltzing.] To
   dance a waltz.


   Waltz"er (?), n. A person who waltzes.


   Wal"we (?), v. To wallow. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wa"ly  (?),  interj.  [Cf. Welaway.] An exclamation of grief. [Obs. or
   Prov. Eng. & Scot.]


   Wam"ble  (?),  v.  i.  [Cf. Dan. vamle, and vammel squeamish, ready to
   vomit, Icel. v\'91ma to feel nausea, v\'91minn nauseous.]

   1.  To  heave;  to  be  disturbed  by  nausea; -- said of the stomach.

   2. To move irregularly to and fro; to roll.


   Wam"ble, n. Disturbance of the stomach; a feeling of nausea. Holland.


   Wam"ble-cropped`  (?),  a.  Sick  at  the  stomach; also, crestfallen;
   dejected. [Slang]


   Wam"mel  (?),  v.  i.  To move irregularly or awkwardly; to wamble, or
   wabble. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wamp  (?),  n.  [From  the North American Indian name.] (Zo\'94l.) The
   common American eider.


   Wam*pee"  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  (a) A tree (Cookia punctata) of the Orange
   family,  growing  in China and the East Indies; also, its fruit, which
   is about the size of a large grape, and has a hard rind and a peculiar
   flavor. (b) The pickerel weed. [Southern U.S.]


   Wam"pum  (?), n. [North American Indian wampum, wompam, from the Mass.
   w\'a2mpi,  Del.  w\'bepe,  white.]  Beads  made of shells, used by the
   North American Indians as money, and also wrought into belts, etc., as
   an ornament.

     Round his waist his belt of wampum. Longfellow.

     Girded with his wampum braid. Whittier.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ese be ads we re of  tw o kinds, one white, and the
     other  black  or  dark  purple. The term wampum is properly applied
     only  to the white; the dark purple ones are called suckanhock. See
     Seawan.  "It [wampum] consisted of cylindrical pieces of the shells
     of  testaceous  fishes,  a quarter of an inch long, and in diameter
     less  than  a  pipestem,  drilled  .  . . so as to be strung upon a
     thread.  The beads of a white color, rated at half the value of the
     black  or  violet,  passed  each as the equivalent of a farthing in
     transactions between the natives and the planters." Palfrey.


   Wan (?), obs. imp. of Win. Won. Chaucer.


   Wan  (,  a.  [AS.  wann,  wonn,  wan, won, dark, lurid, livid, perhaps
   originally,  worn out by toil, from winnan to labor, strive. See Win.]
   Having  a  pale  or sickly hue; languid of look; pale; pallid. "Sad to
   view, his visage pale and wan." Spenser.

     My color . . . [is] wan and of a leaden hue. Chaucer.

     Why so pale and wan, fond lover? Suckling.

     With the wan moon overhead. Longfellow.


   Wan, n. The quality of being wan; wanness. [R.]

     Tinged with wan from lack of sleep. Tennyson.


   Wan  (?),  v.  i. To grow wan; to become pale or sickly in looks. "All
   his visage wanned." Shak.

     And  ever  he  mutter'd and madden'd, and ever wann'd with despair.


   Wand  (?),  n.  [Of  Scand.  origin;  cf. Icel. v\'94ndr, akin to Dan.
   vaand, Goth. wandus; perhaps originally, a pliant twig, and akin to E.
   wind to turn.]

   1. A small stick; a rod; a verge.

     With good smart blows of a wand on his back. Locke.

   2. Specifically: (a) A staff of authority.

     Though  he  had  both  spurs  and wand, they seemed rather marks of
     sovereignty than instruments of punishment. Sir P. Sidney.

   (b) A rod used by conjurers, diviners, magicians, etc.

     Picus  bore  a buckler in his hand; His other waved a long divining
     wand. Dryden.

   Wand  of peace (Scots Law), a wand, or staff, carried by the messenger
   of  a  court,  which  he  breaks when deforced (that is, hindered from
   executing  process),  as  a symbol of the deforcement, and protest for
   remedy of law. Burrill.


   Wan"der  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Wandered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Wandering.]  [OE.  wandren, wandrien, AS. wandrian; akin to G. wandern
   to wander; fr. AS. windan to turn. See Wind to turn.]

   1.  To  ramble  here  and  there without any certain course or with no
   definite  object  in  view; to range about; to stroll; to rove; as, to
   wander over the fields.

     They wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins. Heb. xi. 37.

     He wandereth abroad for bread. Job xv. 23.

   2.  To go away; to depart; to stray off; to deviate; to go astray; as,
   a writer wanders from his subject.

     When God caused me to wander from my father's house. Gen. xx. 13.

     O, let me not wander from thy commandments. Ps. cxix. 10.

   3.  To  be delirious; not to be under the guidance of reason; to rave;
   as,  the  mind  wanders.  Syn.  --  To roam; rove; range; stroll; gad;
   stray; straggly; err; swerve; deviate; depart.


   Wan"der,  v.  t. To travel over without a certain course; to traverse;
   to stroll through. [R.] "[Elijah] wandered this barren waste." Milton.


   Wan"der*er  (?),  n. One who wanders; a rambler; one who roves; hence,
   one who deviates from duty.


   Wan"der*ing,  a.  & n. from Wander, v. Wandering albatross (Zo\'94l.),
   the great white albatross. See Illust. of Albatross. -- Wandering cell
   (Physiol.),  an  animal  cell which possesses the power of spontaneous
   movement,  as  one  of the white corpuscles of the blood. -- Wandering
   Jew (Bot.), any one of several creeping species of Tradescantia, which
   have  alternate,  pointed  leaves,  and  a soft, herbaceous stem which
   roots  freely  at  the joints. They are commonly cultivated in hanging
   baskets,  window  boxes,  etc.  --  Wandering  kidney (Med.), a morbid
   condition  in which one kidney, or, rarely, both kidneys, can be moved
   in certain directions; -- called also floating kidney, movable kidney.
   -- Wandering liver (Med.), a morbid condition of the liver, similar to
   wandering  kidney.  -- Wandering mouse (Zo\'94l.), the whitefooted, or
   deer, mouse. See Illust. of Mouse. -- Wandering spider (Zo\'94l.), any
   one of a tribe of spiders that wander about in search of their prey.


   Wan"der*ing*ly, adv. In a wandering manner.


   Wan"der*ment  (?),  n.  The  act  of wandering, or roaming. [Obs.] Bp.


   Wan`der*oo"  (?),  n. [Cingalese wanderu a monkey.] (Zo\'94l.) A large
   monkey (Macacus silenus) native of Malabar. It is black, or nearly so,
   but  has  a  long white or gray beard encircling the face. Called also
   maha,  silenus,  neelbhunder,  lion-tailed baboon, and great wanderoo.
   [Written also ouanderoo.]

     NOTE: &hand; Th e na me is  so metimes applied also to other allied


   Wand"y (?), a. Long and flexible, like a wand. [Prov. Eng.] Brockett.


   Wane (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Waned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Waning.] [OE.
   wanien, AS. wanian, wonian, from wan, won, deficient, wanting; akin to
   D.  wan-,  G.  wahnsinn,  insanity,  OHG.  wan, wana-, lacking, wan to
   lessen,  Icel.  vanr  lacking,  Goth. vans; cf. Gr. wanting, inferior.
   Want lack, and Wanton.]

   1.  To  be  diminished;  to  decrease;  --  contrasted  with  wax, and
   especially applied to the illuminated part of the moon.

     Like  the  moon,  aye  wax  ye and wane. Waning moons their settled
     periods keep. Addison.

   2. To decline; to fail; to sink.

     You saw but sorrow in its waning form. Dryden.

     Land and trade ever will wax and wane together. Sir J. Child.


   Wane, v. t. To cause to decrease. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Wane, n.

   1.  The  decrease  of the illuminated part of the moon to the eye of a

   2. Decline; failure; diminution; decrease; declension.

     An age in which the church is in its wane. South.

     Though the year be on the wane. Keble.

   3. An inequality in a board. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Wan"ey  (?),  n.  A sharp or uneven edge on a board that is cut from a
   log not perfectly squared, or that is made in the process of squaring.
   See Wany, a.


   Wang  (?),  n.  [OE.  wange,  AS. wange, wonge, cheek, jaw; akin to D.
   wang, OS. & OHG. wanga, G. wange.]

   1. The jaw, jawbone, or cheek bone. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

     So work aye the wangs in his head. Chaucer.

   2. A slap; a blow. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
   Wang tooth, a cheek tooth; a molar. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wang (?), n. See Whang. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   Wan"gan  (?),  n.  [American Indian.] A boat for conveying provisions,
   tools,  etc.;  -- so called by Maine lumbermen. [Written also wangun.]


   Wang"er (?), n. [AS. wangere. See 1st Wang.] A pillow for the cheek; a
   pillow. [Obs. & R.]

     His bright helm was his wanger. Chaucer.


   Wang*hee"  (?), n. [Chin. wang yellow + he a root.] (Bot.) The Chinese
   name  of  one  or two species of bamboo, or jointed cane, of the genus
   Phyllostachys.  The  slender  stems  are much used for walking sticks.
   [Written also whanghee.]


   Wang"o (?), n. A boomerang.


   Wan"hope`  (?),  n. [AS. wan, won, deficient, wanting + hopa hope: cf.
   D.  wanhoop. . See Wane, and Hope.] Want of hope; despair; also, faint
   or  delusive  hope;  delusion.  [Obs.]  Piers  Plowman.  "Wanhope  and
   distress." Chaucer.


   Wan"horn`  (?)  n.  [Corruption  fr.  Siamese  wanhom.] (Bot.) An East
   Indian plant (K\'91mpferia Galanga) of the Ginger family. See Galanga.


   Wan"i*and  (?),  n.  [See  Wanion.]  The  wane  of  the  moon.  [Obs.]


   Wan"ing (?), n. The act or process of waning, or decreasing.

     This  earthly  moon,  the  Church,  hath  fulls  and  wanings,  and
     sometimes her eclipses. Bp. Hall.


   Wan"ion  (?),  n.  [Probably for OE. waniand waning, p. pr. of wanien;
   hence, used of the waning of the moon, supposed to be an unlucky time.
   See  Wane.] A word of uncertain signification, used only in the phrase
   with  a  wanion,  apparently  equivalent  to  with a vengeance, with a
   plague, or with misfortune. [Obs.] B. Jonson. Latimer.


   Wan"kle  (?),  a. [AS. wancol.] Not to be depended on; weak; unstable.
   [Prov. Eng.] Grose.


   Wan"ly (?), adv. In a wan, or pale, manner.


   Wanned (?), a. Made wan, or pale.


   Wan"ness  (?),  n.  The quality or state of being wan; a sallow, dead,
   pale  color;  paleness;  pallor; as, the wanness of the cheeks after a


   Wan"nish, a. Somewhat wan; of a pale hue.

     No  sun,  but  a wannish glare, In fold upon fold of hueless cloud.


   Want  (277),  n.  [Originally an adj., from Icel. vant, neuter of vanr
   lacking, deficient. &root;139. See Wane, v. i.]

   1.  The  state of not having; the condition of being without anything;
   absence  or  scarcity  of what is needed or desired; deficiency; lack;
   as,  a  want  of  power or knowledge for any purpose; want of food and

     And  me, his parent, would full soon devour For want of other prey.

     From having wishes in consequence of our wants, we often feel wants
     in consequence of our wishes. Rambler.

     Pride is as loud a beggar as want, and more saucy. Franklin.

   2. Specifically, absence or lack of necessaries; destitution; poverty;
   penury; indigence; need.

     Nothing  is  so hard for those who abound in riches, as to conceive
     how others can be in want. Swift.

   3. That which is needed or desired; a thing of which the loss is felt;
   what is not possessed, and is necessary for use or pleasure.

     Habitual superfluities become actual wants. Paley.

   4.  (Mining)  A  depression  in  coal  strata, hollowed out before the
   subsequent   deposition   took   place.   [Eng.]  Syn.  --  Indigence;
   deficiency; defect; destitution; lack; failure; dearth; scarceness.


   Want, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wanted; p. pr. & vb. n. Wanting.]

   1. To be without; to be destitute of, or deficient in; not to have; to
   lack;  as,  to  want knowledge; to want judgment; to want learning; to
   want food and clothing.

     They that want honesty, want anything. Beau. & Fl.

     Nor think, though men were none, That heaven would want spectators,
     God want praise. Milton.

     The unhappy never want enemies. Richardson.

   2.  To have occasion for, as useful, proper, or requisite; to require;
   to  need;  as,  in  winter  we  want a fire; in summer we want cooling

   3.  To  feel need of; to wish or long for; to desire; to crave. " What
   wants my son?" Addison.

     I want to speak to you about something. A. Trollope.


   Want, v. i. [Icel. vanta to be wanting. See Want to lack.]

   1.  To  be  absent;  to  be  deficient  or lacking; to fail; not to be
   sufficient; to fall or come short; to lack; -- often used impersonally
   with of; as, it wants ten minutes of four.

     The  disposition,  the manners, and the thoughts are all before it;
     where  any  of  those are wanting or imperfect, so much wants or is
     imperfect in the imitation of human life. Dryden.

   2. To be in a state of destitution; to be needy; to lack.

     You  have  a  gift,  sir (thank your education), Will never let you
     want. B. Jonson.

     For  as  in  bodies, thus in souls, we find What wants in blood and
     spirits, swelled with wind. Pope.

     NOTE: &hand; Wa nt wa s formerly used impersonally with an indirect
     object. "Him wanted audience."



   Wa'n't (?). A colloquial contraction of was not.


   Want"age (?), n. That which is wanting; deficiency.


   Want"ing,  a.  Absent;  lacking;  missing; also, deficient; destitute;
   needy;  as,  one  of  the twelve is wanting; I shall not be wanting in

   Page 1626


   Want"less (?), a. Having no want; abundant; fruitful.


   Wan"ton (?), a. [OE. wantoun, contr. from wantowen; pref. wan- wanting
   (see  Wane,  v.  i.),  hence  expressing  negation + towen, p. p., AS.
   togen,  p.  p.  of  te\'a2n  to  draw,  to  educate,  bring up; hence,
   properly, ill bred. See Tug, v. t.]

   1.   Untrained;   undisciplined;  unrestrained;  hence,  loose;  free;
   luxuriant;   roving;  sportive.  "In  woods  and  wanton  wilderness."
   Spenser. "A wild and wanton herd." Shak.

     A wanton and a merry [friar]. Chaucer.

     [She]  her  unadorned golden tresses wore Disheveled, but in wanton
     ringlets waved. Milton.

     How does your tongue grow wanton in her praise! Addison.

   2.  Wandering  from  moral  rectitude; perverse; dissolute. "Men grown
   wanton by prosperity." Roscommon.

   3.  Specifically: Deviating from the rules of chastity; lewd; lustful;
   lascivious; libidinous; lecherous.

     Not with wanton looking of folly. Chaucer.

     [Thou  art]  froward by nature, enemy to peace, Lascivious, wanton.

   4. Reckless; heedless; as, wanton mischief.


   Wan"ton, n.

   1.  A roving, frolicsome thing; a trifler; -- used rarely as a term of

     I am afeard you make a wanton of me. Shak.

     Peace,  my  wantons;  he  will  do  More  than you can aim unto. B.

   2. One brought up without restraint; a pampered pet.

     Anything, sir, That's dry and wholesome; I am no bred wanton. Beau.
     & Fl.

   3. A lewd person; a lascivious man or woman.


   Wan"ton, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Wantoned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wantoning.]

   1.  To rove and ramble without restraint, rule, or limit; to revel; to
   play loosely; to frolic.

     Nature here wantoned as in her prime. Milton.

     How  merrily  we  would  sally into the fields, and strip under the
     first warmth of the sun, and wanton like young dace in the streams!

   2. To sport in lewdness; to play the wanton; to play lasciviously.


   Wan"ton,  v.  t.  To  cause  to  become  wanton;  also,  to  waste  in
   wantonness. [Obs.]


   Wan"ton*ize  (?), v. i. To behave wantonly; to frolic; to wanton. [R.]


   Wan"ton*ly, adv.

   1.  In  a  wanton  manner;  without  regularity or restraint; loosely;
   sportively; gayly; playfully; recklessly; lasciviously.

   2. Unintentionally; accidentally. [Obs.] J. Dee.


   Wan"ton*ness,  n.  The quality or state of being wanton; negligence of
   restraint; sportiveness; recklessness; lasciviousness. Gower.

     The  tumults  threatened  to abuse all acts of grace, and turn them
     into wantonness. Eikon Basilike.

     Young gentlemen would be as sad as night Only for wantonness. Shak.


   Wan"trust`  (?),  n.  [Pref.  wan-  as  in wanton + trust.] Failing or
   diminishing  trust;  want  of  trust  or  confidence; distrust. [Obs.]


   Want"wit`  (?), n. One destitute of wit or sense; a blockhead; a fool.
   [Obs.] Shak.


   Wan"ty  (?),  n.  [For  womb  tie,  that  is,  bellyWomb,  and Tie.] A
   surcingle,  or strap of leather, used for binding a load upon the back
   of a beast; also, a leather tie; a short wagon rope. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wan"y (?), v. i. To wane. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wan"y, a.

   1. Waning or diminished in some parts; not of uniform size throughout;
   --  said especially of sawed boards or timber when tapering or uneven,
   from being cut too near the outside of the log.

   2. Spoiled by wet; -- said of timber. Halliwell.


   Wanze, v. i. To wane; to wither. [Obs.]


   Wap (?), v. t. & i. [See Whap.] To beat; to whap. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
   Sir T. Malory.


   Wap, n. A blow or beating; a whap. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wap"a*cut (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The American hawk owl. See under Hawk.


   Wap"a*too`  (?),  n. (Bot.) The edible tuber of a species of arrowhead
   (Sagittaria  variabilis);  --  so  called  by  the  Indians of Oregon.
   [Written also wappato.]


   Waped  (?),  a.  [Prov.  E.  wape pale, v., to stupefy, akin to wap to
   beat. Cf. Whap, and Wappened.] Cast down; crushed by misery; dejected.


   Wap"en*take  (?;  277),  n.  [AS.  w,  w,  from  Icel. v\'bepnat\'bek,
   literally,  a weapon taking or weapon touching, hence an expression of
   assent  ("si  displicuit  sententia  fremitu  aspernantur; sin placuit
   frameas  concutiunt." Tacitus, "Germania," xi.). See Weapon, and Take.
   This name had its origin in a custom of touching lances or spears when
   the  hundreder,  or chief, entered on his office. "Cum quis accipiebat
   pr\'91fecturam  wapentachii,  die  statuto  in  loco  ubi consueverant
   congregari, omnes majores natu contra eum conveniebant, et descendente
   eo de equo suo, omnes assurgebant ei. Ipse vero, erecta lancea sua, ab
   omnibus  secundum  morem  f&oe;dus  accipiebat;  omnes  enim quot-quot
   venissent  cum  lanceis  suis  ipsius  hastam  tangebant,  et  ita  se
   confirmabant per contactum armorum, pace palam concessa. W\'91pnu enim
   arma  sonat;  tac,  tactus  est  --  hac de causa totus ille conventus
   dicitur  Wapentac,  eo  quod  per  tactum  armorum  suorum  ad invicem
   conf&oe;derati  sunt." L L. Edward Confessor, 33. D. Wilkins.] In some
   northern  counties  of  England, a division, or district, answering to
   the   hundred   in   other   counties.  Yorkshire,  Lincolnshire,  and
   Nottinghamshire  are  divided  into  wapentakes,  instead of hundreds.
   [Written also wapentac.] Selden. Blackstone.


   Wap"in*schaw  (?),  n.  [Scot. See Weapon, and Show.] An exhibition of
   arms.  according to the rank of the individual, by all persons bearing
   arms;  --  formerly  made at certain seasons in each district. [Scot.]
   Jamieson. Sir W. Scott.


   Wap"i*ti  (?),  n.  [Probably the Iroquois name. Bartlett.] (Zo\'94l.)
   The  American  elk  (Cervus  Canadensis). It is closely related to the
   European red deer, which it somewhat exceeds in size.

     NOTE: &hand; By  so me writers it is thought to be a variety of the
     red  deer, but it is considered a distinct species by others. It is
     noted for the large, branching antlers of the male.


   Wapp (?), n. [CF. Prov. E. wap to wrap up.] (Naut.) (a) A fair-leader.
   (b) A rope with wall knots in it with which the shrouds are set taut.


   Wap"pa*to (?), n. (Bot.) See Wapatoo.


   Wap"pened (?), a. [Cf. Waped, Wapper.] A word of doubtful meaning used
   once by Shakespeare.

     This [gold] is it

     That makes the wappen'd widow wed again.

     NOTE: It is  co njectured by some that it is an error for wappered,
     meaning tremulous or exhausted.


     Wap"per  (?),  v.  t. & i. [freq. of wap, v.; cf. dial. G. wappern,
     wippern,  to  move  up  and  down,  to rock.] To cause to shake; to
     tremble; to move tremulously, as from weakness; to totter. [Obs.]


     Wap"per (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A gudgeon. [Prov. Eng.] <-- ## The Zool.
     mark was in square brackets, inconsistent with normal usage. -->


     Wap"pet (?), n. A small yelping cur. [Prov. Eng.]


     Wap"ping (?), n. Yelping. [R.] Fuller.


     War (?), a. Ware; aware. [Obs.] Chaucer.


     War  (?), n. [OE. & AS. werre; akin to OHG. werra scandal, quarrel,
     sedition, werran to confound, mix, D. warren, G. wirren, verwirren,
     to  embroil,  confound,  disturb,  and perhaps to E. worse; cf. OF.
     werre war, F. querre, of Teutonic origin. Cf. Guerrilla, Warrior.]

     1.  A  contest  between  nations  or  states,  carried on by force,
     whether  for  defence, for revenging insults and redressing wrongs,
     for  the  extension  of commerce, for the acquisition of territory,
     for  obtaining and establishing the superiority and dominion of one
     over  the  other,  or  for  any  other  purpose;  armed conflict of
     sovereign powers; declared and open hostilities.

     Men will ever distinguish war from mere bloodshed. F. W. Robertson.

     NOTE: &hand; As  war is the contest of nations or states, it always
     implies  that  such  contest  is  authorized  by the monarch or the
     sovereign  power  of  the  nation. A war begun by attacking another
     nation,  is called an offensive war, and such attack is aggressive.
     War  undertaken  to  repel invasion, or the attacks of an enemy, is
     called defensive.

     2.  (Law)  A condition of belligerency to be maintained by physical
     force.  In  this sense, levying war against the sovereign authority
     is treason.

     3. Instruments of war. [Poetic]

     His complement of stores, and total war. Prior.

     4. Forces; army. [Poetic]

     On their embattled ranks the waves return, And overwhelm their war.

     5. The profession of arms; the art of war.

     Thou art but a youth, and he is a man of war from his youth. 1 Sam.
     xvii. 33.

     6.  a  state  of  opposition  or  contest; an act of opposition; an
     inimical  contest,  act,  or  action;  enmity;  hostility.  "Raised
     impious war in heaven." Milton.

     The  words  of  his mouth were smoother than butter, but war was in
     his heart. Ps. lv. 21.

     Civil war

   ,  a  war between different sections or parties of the same country or
   nation. -- Holy war. See under Holy. -- Man of war. (Naut.) See in the
   Vocabulary. -- Public war, a war between independent sovereign states.
   --  War  cry,  a cry or signal used in war; as, the Indian war cry. --
   War  dance,  a  dance among savages preliminary to going to war. Among
   the  North  American Indians, it is begun by some distinguished chief,
   and whoever joins in it thereby enlists as one of the party engaged in
   a  warlike  excursion.  Schoolcraft.  --  War field, a field of war or
   battle.  --  War  horse,  a  horse used in war; the horse of a cavalry
   soldier;  especially,  a strong, powerful, spirited horse for military
   service;  a  charger.  --  War  paint, paint put on the face and other
   parts  of  the  body by savages, as a token of going to war. "Wash the
   war  paint  from  your  faces."  Longfellow. -- War song, a song of or
   pertaining  to  war; especially, among the American Indians, a song at
   the  war dance, full of incitements to military ardor. -- War whoop, a
   war cry, especially that uttered by the American Indians.


   War, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Warred (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Warring.]


   1  To  make  war;  to invade or attack a state or nation with force of
   arms; to carry on hostilities; to be in a state by violence.

     Rezin  the  king  of  Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of
     Israel, went up toward Jerusalem to war against it. Isa. vii. 1.

     Why should I war without the walls of Troy? Shak.

     Our countrymen were warring on that day! Byron.

   2. To contend; to strive violently; to fight. "Lusts which war against
   the soul." 1 Pet. ii. 11.


   War (?), v. t.

   1. To make war upon; to fight. [R.]

     To war the Scot, and borders to defend. Daniel.

   2. To carry on, as a contest; to wage. [R.]

     That thou . . . mightest war a good warfare. Tim. i. 18.


   War"-beat`en (?), a. Warworn.


   War"ble (?), n. [Cf. Wormil.]

   1.  (Far.)  (a) A small, hard tumor which is produced on the back of a
   horse  by the heat or pressure of the saddle in traveling. (b) A small
   tumor  produced  by the larv\'91 of the gadfly in the backs of horses,
   cattle, etc. Called also warblet, warbeetle, warnles.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) See Wormil.


   War"ble,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Warbled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Warbling
   (?).]  [OE.  werbelen, OF. werbler; of Teutonic origin; cf. G. wirbeln
   to turn, to warble, D. wervelen, akin to E. whirl. See Whirl.]

   1.  To sing in a trilling, quavering, or vibratory manner; to modulate
   with  turns  or variations; to trill; as, certain birds are remarkable
   for warbling their songs.

   2. To utter musically; to modulate; to carol.

     If she be right invoked in warbled song. Milton.

     Warbling sweet the nuptial lay. Trumbull.

   3.  To  cause  to  quaver  or vibrate. "And touch the warbled string."


   War"ble, v. i.

   1. To be quavered or modulated; to be uttered melodiously.

     Such strains ne'er warble in the linnet's throat. Gay.

   3.  To  sing  in a trilling manner, or with many turns and variations.
   "Birds on the branches warbling." Milton.

   3. To sing with sudden changes from chest to head tones; to yodel.


   War"ble,  n.  A  quavering modulation of the voice; a musical trill; a

     And  he,  the  wondrous  child,  Whose silver warble wild Outvalued
     every pulsing sound. Emerson.


   War"bler (?), n.

   1.  One  who, or that which, warbles; a singer; a songster; -- applied
   chiefly to birds.

     In lulling strains the feathered warblers woo. Tickell.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of numerous species of small Old World singing
   birds  belonging  to  the  family Sylviid\'91, many of which are noted
   songsters.  The  bluethroat,  blackcap, reed warbler (see under Reed),
   and sedge warbler (see under Sedge) are well-known species.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  numerous  species of small, often bright
   colored,   American   singing   birds   of  the  family  or  subfamily
   Mniotiltid\'91,  or  Sylvicolin\'91.  They are allied to the Old World
   warblers, but most of them are not particularly musical.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e American warblers are often divided, according to
     their  habits,  into bush warblers, creeping warblers, fly-catching
     warblers, ground warblers, wood warblers, wormeating warblers, etc.

   Bush  warbler (Zo\'94l.) any American warbler of the genus Opornis, as
   the  Connecticut  warbler (O. agilis). -- Creeping warbler (Zo\'94l.),
   any  one  of several species of very small American warblers belonging
   to  Parula,  Mniotilta,  and  allied genera, as the blue yellow-backed
   warbler (Parula Americana), and the black-and-white creeper (Mniotilta
   varia). -- Fly-catching warbler (Zo\'94l.), any one of several species
   of warblers belonging to Setophaga, Sylvania, and allied genera having
   the bill hooked and notched at the tip, with strong rictal bristles at
   the  base,  as the hooded warbler (Sylvania mitrata), the black-capped
   warbler  (S.  pusilla),  the Canadian warbler (S. Canadensis), and the
   American  redstart  (see  Redstart). -- Ground warbler (Zo\'94l.), any
   American  warbler  of  the  genus  Geothlypis,  as the mourning ground
   warbler   (G.   Philadelphia),  and  the  Maryland  yellowthroat  (see
   Yellowthroat).  --  Wood  warbler  (Zo\'94l.),  any  one  of  numerous
   American  warblers  of the genus Dendroica. Among the most common wood
   warblers  in  the Eastern States are the yellowbird, or yellow warbler
   (see  under  Yellow),  the  black-throated  green  warbler  (Dendroica
   virens),  the  yellow-rumped  warbler (D. coronata), the blackpoll (D.
   striata),  the  bay-breasted warbler (D. castanea), the chestnut-sided
   warbler  (D.  Pennsylvanica),  the  Cape May warbler (D. tigrina), the
   prairie  warbler (see under Prairie), and the pine warbler (D. pinus).
   See also Magnolia warbler, under Magnolia, and Blackburnian warbler.


   War"bling*ly, adv. In a warbling manner.

                              Warburg's tincture

   War"burg's  tinc"ture  (?).  (Pharm.) A preparation containing quinine
   and  many  other  ingredients, often used in the treatment of malarial
   affections. It was invented by Dr. Warburg of London.

                                 -ward, -wards

   -ward  (?),  -wards  (?). [AS. -weard, -weardes; akin to OS. & OFries.
   -ward. OHG. -wert, G. -w\'84rts, Icel. -ver\'ebr, Goth. -va\'a1r\'eds,
   L.  vertere  to  turn, versus toward, and E. worth to become. \'fb143.
   See  Worth.  v.  i.,  and  cf.  Verse.  Adverbs  ending in -wards (AS.
   -weardes) and some other adverbs, such as besides, betimes, since (OE.
   sithens).  etc.,  were  originally  genitive  forms used adverbially.]
   Suffixes  denoting  course or direction to; motion or tendency toward;
   as in backward, or backwards; toward, or towards, etc.


   Ward  (?),  n. [AS. weard, fem., guard, weard, ward a watcher, warden,
   G.  wart,  OHG.  wart, Icel. v\'94r a warden, a watch, Goth. -wards in
   da\'a3rawards a doorkeeper, and E. wary; cf. OF. warde guard, from the
   German. See Ware, a., Wary, and cf. Guard, Wraith.]

   1.  The  act  of guarding; watch; guard; guardianship; specifically, a
   guarding during the day. See the Note under Watch, n., 1.

     Still, when she slept, he kept both watch and ward. Spenser.

   2.  One  who,  or  that  which, guards; garrison; defender; protector;
   means of guarding; defense; protection.

     For the best ward of mine honor. Shak.

     The  assieged  castle's  ward  Their  steadfast stands did mightily
     maintain. Spenser.

     For  want of other ward, He lifted up his hand, his front to guard.

   3.  The  state of being under guard or guardianship; confinement under
   guard; the condition of a child under a guardian; custody.

     And  he  put them in ward in the house of the captain of the guard.
     Gen. xl. 3.

     I  must  attend  his  majesty's  command, to whom I am now in ward.

     It  is  also inconvenient, in Ireland, that the wards and marriages
     of  gentlemen's  children should be in the disposal of any of those
     lords. Spenser.

   4.  A  guarding or defensive motion or position, as in fencing; guard.
   "Thou  knowest  my  old  ward;  here I lay, and thus I bore my point."

   5. One who, or that which, is guarded. Specifically: -- (a) A minor or
   person under the care of a guardian; as, a ward in chancery. "You know
   our  father's  ward,  the  fair  Monimia."  Otway. (b) A division of a
   county.  [Eng. & Scot.] (c) A division, district, or quarter of a town
   or city.

     Throughout  the  trembling  city  placed  a guard, Dealing an equal
     share to every ward. Dryden.

   (d) A division of a forest. [Eng.] (e) A division of a hospital; as, a
   fever ward.

   6.  (a)  A  projecting  ridge  of  metal in the interior of a lock, to
   prevent  the  use  of  any key which has not a corresponding notch for
   passing  it.  (b) A notch or slit in a key corresponding to a ridge in
   the lock which it fits; a ward notch. Knight.

     The lock is made . . . more secure by attaching wards to the front,
     as  well  as  to the back, plate of the lock, in which case the key
     must be furnished with corresponding notches. Tomlinson.

   Page 1627

   Ward  penny  (O. Eng. Law), money paid to the sheriff or castellan for
   watching  and  warding  a  castle.  --  Ward  staff,  a constable's or
   watchman's staff. [Obs.]


   Ward  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Warded; p. pr. & vb. n. Warding.] [OE.
   wardien,  AS.  weardian  to  keep, protect; akin to OS. ward to watch,
   take  care,  OFries.  wardia,  OHG.  wart, G. warten to wait, wait on,
   attend  to,  Icel.  var to guarantee defend, Sw. v\'86rda to guard, to
   watch;  cf. OF. warder, of German origin. See Ward, n., and cf. Award,
   Guard, Reward.]

   1.  To  keep  in  safety;  to watch; to guard; formerly, in a specific
   sense, to guard during the day time.

     Whose  gates  he found fast shut, no living wight To ward the same.

   2. To defend; to protect.

     Tell him it was a hand that warded him From thousand dangers. Shak.

   3. To defend by walls, fortifications, etc. [Obs.]

   4.  To fend off; to repel; to turn aside, as anything mischievous that
   approaches; -- usually followed by off.

     Now wards a felling blow, now strikes again. Daniel.

     The pointed javelin warded off his rage. Addison.

     It  instructs the scholar in the various methods of warding off the
     force of objections. I. Watts.


   Ward, v. i.

   1. To be vigilant; to keep guard.

   2. To act on the defensive with a weapon.

     She  redoubling her blows drove the stranger to no other shift than
     to ward and go back. Sir P. Sidney.


   Ward"-corn`  (?),  n.  [Ward + F. corne horn, L. cornu.] (O. Eng. Law)
   The  duty  of keeping watch and ward (see the Note under Watch, n., 1)
   with a horn to be blown upon any occasion of surprise. Burrill.


   Ward"corps`  (?),  n.  [Wars + corps.] Guardian; one set to watch over
   another.  [Obs.]  "Though  thou  preyedest  Argus  .  .  .  to  be  my
   wardcorps." Chaucer.


   Ward"en  (?),  n.  [OE.  wardein,  OF.  wardein,  gardein, gardain, F.
   gardien. See Guardian, and Ward guard.]

   1. A keeper; a guardian; a watchman.

     He called to the warden on the . . . battlements. Sir. W. Scott.

   2.  An  officer  who  keeps  or  guards; a keeper; as, the warden of a
   prison. <-- chief officer of a prison. -->

   3. A head official; as, the warden of a college; specifically (Eccl.),
   a churchwarden.

   4.  [Properly,  a  keeping pear.] A large, hard pear, chiefly used for
   baking and roasting. [Obs.]

     I would have had him roasted like a warden. Beau. & Fl.

   Warden pie, a pie made of warden pears. [Obs.] Shak.

                             Wardenry, Wardenship

   Ward"en*ry  (?),  Ward"en*ship,  n.  The  office  or jurisdiction of a


   Ward"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who  wards  or  keeps; a keeper; a guard. "The warders of the
   gate." Dryden.

   2. A truncheon or staff carried by a king or a commander in chief, and
   used in signaling his will.

     When, lo! the king suddenly changed his mind, Casts down his warder
     to arrest them there. Daniel.

     Wafting  his  warder  thrice about his head, He cast it up with his
     auspicious  hand, Which was the signal, through the English spread,
     This they should charge. Drayton.


   Ward"i*an  (?),  a.  Designating,  or  pertaining  to, a kind of glass
   inclosure for keeping ferns, mosses, etc., or for transporting growing
   plants from a distance; as, a Wardian case of plants; -- so named from
   the inventor, Nathaniel B. Ward, an Englishman.


   Ward"mote`  (?), n. Anciently, a meeting of the inhabitants of a ward;
   also, a court formerly held in each ward of London for trying defaults
   in  matters  relating  to the watch, police, and the like. Brande & C.
   "Wards and wardmotes." Piers Plowman.


   Ward"robe`  (?),  n.  [OE.  warderobe, OF. warderobe, F. garderobe; of
   German origin. See Ward, v. t., and Robe.]

   1.  A  room or apartment where clothes are kept, or wearing apparel is
   stored; a portable closet for hanging up clothes.

   2.  Wearing  apparel,  in  general;  articles  of  dress  or  personal

     Flowers that their gay wardrobe wear. Milton.

     With a pair of saddlebags containing his wardrobe. T. Hughes.

   3. A privy. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ward"room` (?), n.

   1.  (Naut.) A room occupied as a messroom by the commissioned officers
   of a war vessel. See Gunroom. Totten.

   2. A room used by the citizens of a city ward, for meetings, political
   caucuses, elections, etc. [U.S.]


   -wards (?). See -ward.


   Ward"ship (?), n.

   1.  The  office  of  a  ward or keeper; care and protection of a ward;
   guardianship; right of guardianship.

     Wardship is incident to tenure in socage. Blackstone.

   2. The state of begin under a guardian; pupilage.

     It was the wisest act . . . in my wardship. B. Jonson.


   Wards"man (?), n.; pl. Wardsmen (. A man who keeps ward; a guard. [R.]
   Sydney Smith.


   Ware (?), obs. imp. of Wear. Wore.


   Ware, v. t. (Naut.) To wear, or veer. See Wear.


   Ware, n. [AS. w\'ber.] (Bot.) Seaweed. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Ware goose
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  brant;  --  so  called  because it feeds on ware, or
   seaweed. [Prov. Eng.]


   Ware,  n.  [OE. ware, AS. waru; akin to D. waar, G. waare, Icel. & Sw.
   vara,  Dan. vare; and probably to E. worth, a. See Worth, a.] Articles
   of  merchandise;  the  sum  of articles of a particular kind or class;
   style  or  class  of  manufactures;  especially, in the plural, goods;
   commodities;  merchandise.  "Retails  his  wares  at wakes." Shak. "To
   chaffer with them and eke to sell them their ware." Chaucer.

     It the people of the land bring ware or any victuals on the Sabbath
     day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the Sabbath, or on
     the holy day. Neh. x. 31.

     NOTE: &hand; Although originally and properly a collective noun, it
     admits  of a plural form, when articles of merchandise of different
     kinds  are  meant. It is often used in composition; as in hardware,
     glassware, tinware, etc.


   Ware,  a.  [OE.  war, AS. w\'91r. &root;142. See Wary.] A ware; taking
   notice; hence, wary; cautious; on one's guard. See Beware. [Obs.]

     She was ware and knew it bet [better] than he. Chaucer.

     Of whom be thou ware also. 2. Tim. iv. 15.

     He  is  ware enough; he is wily and circumspect for stirring up any
     sedition. Latimer.

     The  only good that grows of passed fear Is to be wise, and ware of
     like again. Spenser.


   Ware,  n.  [AS. waru caution.] The state of being ware or aware; heed.
   [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Ware,  v.  t. [As. warian.] To make ware; to warn; to take heed of; to
   beware of; to guard against. "Ware that I say." Chaucer.

     God . . . ware you for the sin of avarice. Chaucer.

     Then ware a rising tempest on the main. Dryden.


   Ware"ful (?), a. Wary; watchful; cautious. [Obs.]


   Ware"ful*ness,    n.   Wariness;   cautiousness.   [Obs.]   "Full   of
   warefulness." Sir P. Sidney.

                                  Warega fly

   Wa*re"ga  fly`  (?). (Zo\'94l.) A Brazilian fly whose larv\'91 live in
   the skin of man and animals, producing painful sores.


   Ware"house`  (?),  n.;  pl.  Warehouses  (. A storehouse for wares, or
   goods. Addison.


   Ware"house`  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Warehoused (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To deposit or secure in a warehouse.

   2.  To place in the warehouse of the government or customhouse stores,
   to be kept until duties are paid.


   Ware"house`man (?), n.; pl. Warehousemen (.

   1.  One who keeps a warehouse; the owner or keeper of a dock warehouse
   or wharf store.

   2.  One  who  keeps a wholesale shop or store for Manchester or woolen
   goods. [Eng.]
   Warehouseman's  itch (Med.), a form of eczema occurring on the back of
   the hands of warehousemen.


   Ware"hous`ing (?), n. The act of placing goods in a warehouse, or in a
   customhouse  store.  Warehousing  system,  an  arrangement for lodging
   imported articles in the customhouse stores, without payment of duties
   until  they are taken out for home consumption. If re\'89xported, they
   are not charged with a duty. See Bonded warehouse, under Bonded, a.


   Ware"less  (?),  a.  [See  Ware,  n.]  Unwary;  incautious; unheeding;
   careless; unaware. [Obs.]

     And  wareless  of  the  evil  That by themselves unto themselves is
     wrought. Spenser.


   Ware"ly, adv. Cautiously; warily. [Obs.]

     They  bound  him hand and foot with iron chains, And with continual
     watch did warely keep. Spenser.


   War"ence  (?),  n.  [OF. warance. F. garance, LL. warentia, garantia.]
   (Bot.) Madder.


   Ware"room`  (?),  n. A room in which goods are stored or exhibited for


   Wares (?), n. pl. See 4th Ware.


   War"fare`  (?),  n.  [War + OE. fare a journey, a passage, course, AS.
   faru. See Fare, n.]

   1.  Military  service;  military  life; contest carried on by enemies;
   hostilities; war.

     The  Philistines  gathered  their  armies  together for warfare, to
     fight with Israel. I Sam. xxviii. 1.

     This day from battle rest; Faithful hath been your warfare. Milton.

   2. Contest; struggle.

     The weapons of our warfare are not carnal. 2 Cor. x. 4.


   War"fare`,  v. i. To lead a military life; to carry on continual wars.


   War"far`er  (?), n. One engaged in warfare; a military man; a soldier;
   a warrior.


   War"ha`ble  (?),  a.  [War  +  hable.]  Fit  for war. [Obs.] "Warhable
   youth." Spenser.


   War`i*an"gle  (?), n. [OE. wariangel, weryangle; cf. AS. wearg outlaw,
   criminal,  OHG,  warg, warch, Goth. wargs (in comp.), G. w\'81rgengel,
   i.  e., destroying angel, destroyer, killer, and E. worry.] (Zo\'94l.)
   The  red-backed  shrike  (Lanius  collurio); -- called also w\'81rger,
   worrier,  and  throttler.  [Written  also warriangle, weirangle, etc.]
   [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   Wa"ri*ly (?), adv. In a wary manner.


   Wa"ri*ment (?), n. Wariness. [Obs.] Spenser.


   War"ine  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  South  American  monkey,  one of the


   Wa"ri*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being wary; care to foresee
   and guard against evil; cautiousness. "An almost reptile wariness." G.
   W. Cable.

     To  determine what are little things in religion, great wariness is
     to be used. Sprat.

   Syn.   --  Caution;  watchfulness;  circumspection;  foresight;  care;
   vigilance; scrupulousness.


   War"ish  (?),  v. t. [OF. warir to protect, heal, cure, F. gu\'82ri to
   cure;  of  Teutonic  origin;  cf.  OHG.  werian, weren, to protect, to
   hinder.  See  Garret.] To protect from the effects of; hence, to cure;
   to heal. [Obs.]

     My brother shall be warished hastily. Chaucer.

     Varro  testifies that even at this day there be some who warish and
     cure the stinging of serpents with their spittle. Holland.


   War"ish, v. i. To be cured; to recover. [Obs.]

     Your daughter . . . shall warish and escape. Chaucer.


   War"i*son  (?), n. [OF. warison safety, supplies, cure, F. gu\'82rison
   cure. See Warish, v. t.]

   1. Preparation; protection; provision; supply. [Obs.]

   2. Reward; requital; guerdon. [Obs. or Scot.]

     Wit and wisdom is good warysoun. Proverbs of Hending.


   Wark (?), n. [See Work.] Work; a building. [Obs. or Scot.] Spenser.


   Wark"loom (?), n. A tool; an implement. [Scot.]


   War"like` (?), a.

   1.  Fit  for  war;  disposed  for  war; as, a warlike state; a warlike

     Old Siward, with ten thousand warlike men. Shak.

   2. Belonging or relating to war; military; martial.

     The great archangel from his warlike toil Surceased. Milton.

   Syn. -- Martial; hostile; soldierly. See Martial.


   War"like`ness, n. Quality of being warlike.


   War"ling (?), n. One often quarreled with; -- darling. [Obs.]

     Better be an old man's darling than a young man's warling. Camde


   War"lock  (?), n. [OE. warloghe a deceiver, a name or the Devil, AS. w
   a  belier  or  breaker  of his agreement, word, or pledge; w covenant,
   troth (akiverus true; see Very) + loga a liar (in comp.), le\'a2gan to
   lie.  See  3d Lie.] A male witch; a wizard; a sprite; an imp. [Written
   also warluck.] Dryden.

     It  was  Eyvind  Kallda's crew Of warlocks blue, With their caps of
     darkness hooded! Longfellow.


   War"lock, a. Of or pertaining to a warlock or warlock; impish. [R.]

     Thou shalt win the warlock fight. J. R. Drak


   War"lock*ry (?), n. Impishness; magic.


   War"ly (?), a. Warlike. Burns.


   Warm  (?),  a.  [Compar. Warmer; superl. Warmest.] [AS. wearm; akin to
   OS.,  OFries.,  D.,  &  G.  warm,  Icel. varmr, Sw. & Dan. varm, Goth.
   warmjan  to  warm;  probably  akin  to  Lith.  virti to cook, boil; or
   perhaps to Skr. gharma heat, OL. formus warm.

   1.  Having  heat  in a moderate degree; not cold as, warm milk. "Whose
   blood is warm within." Shak.

     Warm and still is the summer night. Longfellow.

   2. Having a sensation of heat, esp. of gentle heat; glowing.

   3.  Subject  to  heat; having prevalence of heat, or little or no cold
   weather; as, the warm climate of Egypt.

   4.  Fig.:  Not  cool, indifferent, lukewarm, or the like, in spirit or
   temper;  zealous;  ardent;  fervent;  excited;  sprightly;  irritable;

     Mirth, and youth, and warm desire! Milton.

     Each warm wish springs mutual from the heart. Pope.

     They say he's warm man and does not care to be madAddison.

     I had been none of the warmest of partisans. Hawthor

   5.  Violent;  vehement;  furious;  excited;  passionate;  as,  a  warm
   contest; a warm debate.

     Welcome, daylight; we shall have warm work on't. Dryden.

   6.   Being  well  off  as  to  property,  or  in  good  circumstances;
   forehanded; rich. [Colloq.]

     Warm householders, every one of them. W. Irving.

     You  shall have a draft upon him, payable at sight: and let me tell
     you he as warm a man as any within five miles round him. Goldsmith.

   7. In children's games, being near the object sought for; hence, being
   close  to  the  discovery  of  some  person, thing, or fact concealed.

     Here, indeed, young Mr. Dowse was getting "warm," Black.

   8. (Paint.) Having yellow or red for a basis, or in their composition;
   --  said  of  colors,  and  opposed  to  cold which is of blue and its
   compounds.  Syn.  --  Ardent; zealous; fervent; glowing; enthusiastic;
   cordial; keen; violent; furious; hot.


   Warm,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Warmed (; p. pr. & vb. n. Warming.] [AS.
   wearmian. See Warm, a.]

   1.  To  communicate  a  moderate degree of heat to; to render warm; to
   supply or furnish heat to; as, a stove warms an apartment.

     Then  shall it [an ash tree] be for a man to burn; for he will take
     thereof and warm himself. Isa. xliv 15

     Enough to warm, but not enough to burn. Longfellow.

   2. To make engaged or earnest; to interest; to engage; to excite ardor
   or zeal; to enliven.

     I  formerly  warmed  my  head  with reading controversial writings.

     Bright hopes, that erst bosom warmed. Keble.

   Page 1628


   Warm (?), v. i. [AS. wearmian.]

   1. To become warm, or moderately heated; as, the earth soon warms in a
   clear day summer.

     There shall not be a coal to warm at. Isa. xlvii. 14.

   2. To become ardent or animated; as, the speakewarms as he proceeds.


   Warm,  n. The act of warming, or the state of being warmed; a warming;
   a heating. [Colloq.] Dickens.


   Warm"-blood`ed  (?),  a.  (Physiol.)  Having  warm  blood;  -- applied
   especially  to  those  animals,  as birds and mammals, which have warm
   blood,  or,  more  properly, the power of maintaining a nearly uniform
   temperature  whatever  the  temperature  of  the  surrounding air. See


   Warm"er (?), n. One who, or that which, warms.


   Warm"ful  (?),  a. Abounding in capacity to warm; giving warmth; as, a
   warmful garment. [R.] Chapman.


   Warm"-heart`ed  (?),  a.  Having  strong  affection; cordial; sincere;
   hearty; sympathetic. -- Warm"-heart`ed*ness, n.


   Warm"ing,  a.  &  n. from Warm, v. Warming pan, a long-handled covered
   pan into which live coals are put, -- used for warming beds. Shak.


   Warm"ly, adv. In a warm manner; ardently.


   Warm"ness, n. Warmth. Chaucer.


   War"mon`ger (?), n. One who makes ar a trade or business; a mercenary.
   [R.] Spenser.


   War"mouth  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) An American freshwater bream, or sunfish
   (Ch\'91nobryttus gulosus); -- called also red-eyed bream.


   Warmth (?), n.

   1.  The quality or state of being warm; gentle heat; as, the warmth of
   the sun; the warmth of the blood; vital warmth.

     Here kindly warmth their mounting juice ferments. Addison.

   2.  A  state  of  lively  and  excited  interest; zeal; ardor; fervor;
   passion;  enthusiasm; earnestness; as, the warmth of love or piety; he
   replied  with  much  warmth.  "Spiritual warmth, and holy fires." Jer.

     That warmth . . . which agrees with Christian zeal. Sprat.

   3.  (Paint.)  The  glowing  effect  which  arises from the use of warm
   colors; hence, any similar appearance or effect in a painting, or work
   of   color.  Syn.  --  Zeal;  ardor;  fervor;  fervency;  heat;  glow;
   earnestness; cordiality; animation; eagerness; excitement; vehemence.


   Warmth"less,  a. Being without warmth; not communicating warmth; cold.
   [R.] Coleridge.


   Warn  (w&asdd;rn), v. t. [OE. wernen, AS. weornan, wyrnan. Cf. Warn to
   admonish.] To refuse. [Written also wern, worn.] [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Warn,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Warned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Warning.] [OE.
   warnen, warnien, AS. warnian, wearnian, to take heed, to warn; akin to
   AS.  wearn  denial,  refusal,  OS.  warning,  wernian, to refuse, OHG.
   warnen,  G.  warnen  to  warn,  OFries.  warna,  werna, Icel. varna to
   refuse; and probably to E. wary.

   1.  To  make  ware  or aware; to give previous information to; to give
   notice  to;  to  notify;  to  admonish;  hence, to notify or summon by
   authority;  as,  to  warn  a  town meeting; to warn a tenant to quit a
   house. "Warned of the ensuing fight." Dryden.

     Cornelius  the centurion . . . was warned from God by an holy angel
     to send for thee. Acts x. 22.

     Who is it that hath warned us to the walls? Shak.

   2.  To  give  notice to, of approaching or probable danger or evil; to
   caution  against anything that may prove injurious. "Juturna warns the
   Daunian chief of Lausus' danger, urging swift relief." Dryden.

   3. To ward off. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Warn"er (?), n. One who warns; an admonisher.


   Warn"er, n. A warrener. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.


   Warn"ing,  a.  Giving  previous notice; cautioning; admonishing; as, a
   warning voice.

     That warning timepiece never ceased. Longfellow.

   Warning piece, Warning wheel (Horol.), a piece or wheel which produces
   a sound shortly before the clock strikes.


   Warn"ing, n.

   1. Previous notice. "At a month's warning." Dryden.

     A great journey to take upon so short a warning. L'Estrange.

   2.  Caution  against danger, or against faults or evil practices which
   incur danger; admonition; monition.

     Could warning make the world more just or wise. Dryden.


   Warn"ing*ly, adv. In a warning manner.


   Warn"store  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf. OF. warnesture, garnesture, provisions,
   supplies,  and  E.  garnish.]  To  furnish.  [Obs.] "To warnstore your
   house." Chaucer.


   Warp  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Warped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Warping.]
   [OE. warpen; fr. Icel. varpa to throw, cast, varp a casting, fr. verpa
   to throw; akin to Dan. varpe to warp a ship, Sw. varpa, AS. weorpan to
   cast,  OS.  werpan,  OFries.  werpa, D. & LG. werpen, G. werfen, Goth.
   wa\'a1rpan; cf. Skr. vrj to twist. Wrap.]

   1.  To  throw; hence, to send forth, or throw out, as words; to utter.
   [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

   2. To turn or twist out of shape; esp., to twist or bend out of a flat
   plane by contraction or otherwise.

     The planks looked warped. Coleridge.

     Walter warped his mouth at this To something so mock solemn, that I
     laughed. Tennyson.

   3. To turn aside from the true direction; to cause to bend or incline;
   to pervert.

     This first avowed, nor folly warped my mind. Dryden.

     I  have  no  private considerations to warp me in this controversy.

     We  are  divested of all those passions which cloud the intellects,
     and warp the understandings, of men. Southey.

   4. To weave; to fabricate. [R. & Poetic.] Nares.

     While doth he mischief warp. Sternhold.

   5. (Naut.) To tow or move, as a vessel, with a line, or warp, attached
   to a buoy, anchor, or other fixed object.

   6.  To  cast  prematurely,  as  young;  -- said of cattle, sheep, etc.
   [Prov. Eng.]

   7.  (Agric.)  To  let the tide or other water in upon (lowlying land),
   for  the  purpose  of  fertilization,  by  a deposit of warp, or slimy
   substance. [Prov. Eng.]

   8.  (Rope  Making)  To  run  off  the reel into hauls to be tarred, as

   9. (Weaving) To arrange (yarns) on a warp beam.
   Warped  surface (Geom.), a surface generated by a straight line moving
   so  that  no  two  of  its  consecutive positions shall be in the same
   plane. Davies & Peck.


   Warp (?), v. i.

   1.  To turn, twist, or be twisted out of shape; esp., to be twisted or
   bent out of a flat plane; as, a board warps in seasoning or shrinking.

     One of you will prove a shrunk panel, and, like green timber, warp,
     warp. Shak.

     They clamp one piece of wood to the end of another, to keep it from
     casting, or warping. Moxon.

   2.  to  turn  or  incline  from a straight, true, or proper course; to
   deviate; to swerve.

     There  is  our  commission,  From which we would not have you warp.

   3.  To  fly  with a bending or waving motion; to turn and wave, like a
   flock of birds or insects.

     A pitchy cloud Of locusts, warping on the eastern wind. Milton.

   4.  To cast the young prematurely; to slink; -- said of cattle, sheep,
   etc. [Prov. Eng.]

   5.  (Weaving)  To wind yarn off bobbins for forming the warp of a web;
   to wind a warp on a warp beam.


   Warp,  n. [AS. wearp; akin to Icel. varp a casting, throwing, Sw. varp
   the  draught  of a net, Dan. varp a towline, OHG. warf warp, G. werft.
   See Warp, v.]

   1.  (Weaving)  The  threads which are extended lengthwise in the loom,
   and crossed by the woof.

   2. (Naut.) A rope used in hauling or moving a vessel, usually with one
   end  attached  to  an  anchor, a post, or other fixed object; a towing
   line; a warping hawser.

   3.  (Agric.)  A  slimy  substance deposited on land by tides, etc., by
   which a rich alluvial soil is formed. Lyell.

   4. A premature casting of young; -- said of cattle, sheep, etc. [Prov.

   5.  Four;  esp., four herrings; a cast. See Cast, n., 17. [Prov. Eng.]

   6.  [From Warp, v.] The state of being warped or twisted; as, the warp
   of a board.
   Warp  beam,  the  roller on which the warp is wound in a loom. -- Warp
   fabric,  fabric  produced by warp knitting. -- Warp frame, OR Warp-net
   frame,  a  machine for making warp lace having a number of needles and
   employing  a  thread  for  each  needle.  --  Warp knitting, a kind of
   knitting  in  which a number of threads are interchained each with one
   or  more  contiguous  threads  on  either  side;  --  also called warp
   weaving. -- Warp lace, OR Warp net, lace having a warp crossed by weft


   Warp"age  (?),  n.  The act of warping; also, a charge per ton made on
   shipping in some harbors.


   War"path`  (?),  n.  The  route taken by a party of Indians going on a
   warlike   expedition.  Schoolcraft.  On  the  warpath,  on  a  hostile
   expedition; hence, colloquially, about to attack a person or measure.


   Warp"er (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, warps or twists out of shape.

   2. One who, or that which, forms yarn or thread into warps or webs for
   the loom.


   Warp"ing, n.

   1. The act or process of one who, or that which, warps.

   2.  The  art  or  occupation of preparing warp or webs for the weaver.
   Warping bank, a bank of earth raised round a field to retain water let
   in  for  the purpose of enriching land. Craig. -- Warping hook, a hook
   used  by  rope  makers  for  hanging the yarn on, when warping it into
   hauls  for  tarring.  --  Warping mill, a machine for warping yarn. --
   Warping  penny,  money, varying according to the length of the thread,
   paid  to  the  weaver  by the spinner on laying the warp. [Prov. Eng.]
   Wright. -- Warping post, a strong post used in warping rope-yarn.


   War"proof` (?), n. Valor tried by war.


   War"ra*gal (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The dingo.


   War"ran*dice  (?),  n. [See Warrantise.] (Scots Law) The obligation by
   which  a  person,  conveying  a subject or a right, is bound to uphold
   that  subject  or  right  against  every  claim,  challenge, or burden
   arising from circumstances prior to the conveyance; warranty. [Written
   also warrandise.] Craig.


   War"rant  (?),  n.  [OE.  warant,  OF.  warant  a warrant, a defender,
   protector,  F.  garant, originally a p. pr. pf German origin, fr. OHG.
   wer&emac;n  to  grant,  warrant, G. gew\'84hren; akin to OFries. wera.
   Cf. Guarantee.]

   1.  That  which warrants or authorizes; a commission giving authority,
   or   justifying   the  doing  of  anything;  an  act,  instrument,  or
   obligation,  by  which  one  person authorizes another to do something
   which  he  has  not  otherwise  a  right  to  do; an act or instrument
   investing  one  with  a right or authority, and thus securing him from
   loss  or damage; commission; authority. Specifically: -- (a) A writing
   which authorizes a person to receive money or other thing. (b) (Law) A
   precept  issued  by  a  magistrate  authorizing  an officer to make an
   arrest,  a  seizure,  or  a  search,  or do other acts incident to the
   administration  of  justice. (c) (Mil. & Nav.) An official certificate
   of  appointment issued to an officer of lower rank than a commissioned
   officer. See Warrant officer, below.

   2. That which vouches or insures for anything; guaranty; security.

     I give thee warrant of thy place. Shak.

     His worth is warrant for his welcome hither. Shak.

   3. That which attests or proves; a voucher.

   4. Right; legality; allowance. [Obs.] Shak.
   Bench  warrant. (Law) See in the Vocabulary. -- Dock warrant (Com.), a
   customhouse  license or authority. -- General warrant. (Law) See under
   General. -- Land warrant. See under Land. -- Search warrant. (Law) See
   under Search, n. -- Warrant of attorney (Law), written authority given
   by  one person to another empowering him to transact business for him;
   specifically,  written  authority given by a client to his attorney to
   appear for him in court, and to suffer judgment to pass against him by
   confession  in  favor  of  some  specified person. Bouvier. -- Warrant
   officer,   a   noncommissioned   officer,  as  a  sergeant,  corporal,
   bandmaster,  etc., in the army, or a quartermaster, gunner, boatswain,
   etc.,  in  the navy. -- Warrant to sue and defend. (a) (O. Eng. Law) A
   special  warrant  from  the  crown,  authorizing a party to appoint an
   attorney  to sue or defend for him. (b) A special authority given by a
   party  to  his  attorney to commence a suit, or to appear and defend a
   suit in his behalf. This warrant is now disused. Burrill.


   War"rant  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Warranted;  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Warranting.]   [OE.   waranten,  OF.  warantir,  garantir,  guarantir,
   garentir,  garandir,  F.  garantir to warrant, fr. OF. warant, garant,
   guarant, a warrant, a protector, a defender, F. garant. &root;142. See
   Warrant, n.]

   1. To make secure; to give assurance against harm; to guarantee safety
   to;  to  give  authority or power to do, or forbear to do, anything by
   which  the  person  authorized is secured, or saved harmless, from any
   loss or damage by his action.

     That show I first my body to warrant. Chaucer.

     I'll warrant him from drowning. Shak.

     In  a place Less warranted than this, or less secure, I can not be.

   2.  To  support  by  authority  or  proof; to justify; to maintain; to
   sanction; as, reason warrants it.

     True  fortitude  is  seen in great exploits, That justice warrants,
     and that wisdom guides. Addison.

     How  little  while  it  is since he went forth out of his study, --
     chewing  a  Hebrew  text  of  Scripture  in  his  mouth, I warrant.

   3.  To  give  a  warrant  or  warranty to; to assure as if by giving a
   warrant to.

     [My neck is] as smooth as silk, I warrant ye. L' Estrange.

   4. (Law) (a) To secure to, as a grantee, an estate granted; to assure.
   (b)  To  secure to, as a purchaser of goods, the title to the same; to
   indemnify  against loss. (c) To secure to, as a purchaser, the quality
   or  quantity  of  the goods sold, as represented. See Warranty, n., 2.
   (d)  To  assure, as a thing sold, to the purchaser; that is, to engage
   that  the  thing  is  what it appears, or is represented, to be, which
   implies a covenant to make good any defect or loss incurred by it.


   War"rant*a*ble  (?),  a.  Authorized by commission, precept, or right;
   justifiable;  defensible;  as,  the  seizure  of  a  thief  is  always
   warrantable by law and justice; falsehood is never warrantable.

     His  meals  are  coarse  and short, his employment warrantable, his
     sleep certain and refreshing. South.

   -- War"rant*a*ble*ness, n. -- War"rant*bly, adv.


   War`ran*tee" (?), n. (Law) The person to whom a warrant or warranty is


   War"rant*er (?), n.

   1. One who warrants, gives authority, or legally empowers.

   2. (Law) One who assures, or covenants to assure; one who contracts to
   secure  another  in  a  right,  or to make good any defect of title or
   quality; one who gives a warranty; a guarantor; as, the warranter of a


   War"rant*ise   (?),  n.  [OF.  warentise,  warandise,  garantise.  See
   Warrant, n.] Authority; security; warranty. [Obs.] Shak.


   War"rant*ise, v. t. To warrant. [Obs.] Hakluyt.


   War"rant*or (?), n. (Law) One who warrants.


   War"rant*y  (?),  n.;  pl. Warranties (#). [OF. warantie, F. garantie.
   See Warrant, n., and cf. Guaranty.]

   1.  (Anc.  Law)  A  covenant real, whereby the grantor of an estate of
   freehold  and  his  heirs  were bound to warrant and defend the title,
   and,  in  case of eviction by title paramount, to yield other lands of
   equal  value  in  recompense.  This  warranty  has  long  singe become
   obsolete,  and  its  place  supplied  by personal covenants for title.
   Among these is the covenant of warranty, which runs with the land, and
   is in the nature of a real covenant. Kent.

   2. (Modern Law) An engagement or undertaking, express or implied, that
   a certain fact regarding the subject of a contract is, or shall be, as
   it  is  expressly or impliedly declared or promised to be. In sales of
   goods by persons in possession, there is an implied warranty of title,
   but,  as  to  the  quality of goods, the rule of every sale is, Caveat
   emptor. Chitty. Bouvier.

   3.  (Insurance  Law)  A  stipulation or engagement by a party insured,
   that  certain  things,  relating  to  the  subject  of  insurance,  or
   affecting the risk, exist, or shall exist, or have been done, or shall
   be  done. These warranties, when express, should appear in the policy;
   but there are certain implied warranties. Bouvier.

   4. Justificatory mandate or precept; authority; warrant. [R.] Shak.

     If  they disobey precept, that is no excuse to us, nor gives us any
     warranty . . . to disobey likewise. Kettlewe

   5. Security; warrant; guaranty.

     The stamp was a warranty of the public. Locke.

   Syn. -- See Guarantee.


   War"rant*y, v. t. To warrant; to guarantee.


   War"ray  (?),  v.  t. [OF. werreier, werrier, guerroier, F. guerroyer,
   from OF. werre war, F. guerre; of German origin. See War.] To make war
   upon. [Obs.] Fairfax. "When a man warrayeth truth." Chaucer.


   Warre (?), a. [OE. werre; of Scand. origin. See Worse.] Worse. [Obs.]

     They say the world is much warre than it wont. Spenser.

   Page 1629


   War"ren  (?),  n.  [Of. waresne, warenne, garene, F. garenne, from OF.
   warer,  garer,  to  beware, to take care; of Teutonic origin; cf. OHG.
   war  (in  comp.),  OS.  war to take care, to observe, akin to E. wary.

   1.  (Eng  Law)  (a)  A  place privileged, by prescription or grant the
   king,  for  keeping  certain  animals  (as  hares, conies, partridges,
   pheasants,  etc.)  called  beasts  and fowls of warren. Burrill. (b) A
   privilege  which one has in his lands, by royal grant or prescription,
   of  hunting  and  taking  wild  beasts  and  birds  of  warren, to the
   exclusion of any other person not entering by his permission. Spelman.

     They wend both warren and in waste. Piers Plowman.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e wa rren is  th e ne xt franchise in degree to the
     park;  and a forest, which is the highest in dignity, comprehends a
     chase, a park, and a free warren.

   2. A piece of ground for the breeding of rabbits.

   3. A place for keeping flash, in a river.


   War"ren*er (?), n. The keeper of a warren.


   War`ri*an"gle (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Wariangle. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   War"rie (?), v. t. See Warye. [Obs.]


   War"rin  (?),  n.  [From  a  native  name.]  (Zo\'94l.)  An Australian
   lorikeet  (Trichoglossus  multicolor)  remarkable  for the variety and
   brilliancy  of  its  colors; -- called also blue-bellied lorikeet, and
   blue-bellied parrot.


   War"rior  (?;  277),  n.  [OE.  werreour, OF. werreour, guerreor, from
   guerre, werre, war. See War, and Warray.] A man engaged or experienced
   in war, or in the military life; a soldier; a champion.

     Warriors old with ordered spear and shield. Milton.

   Warrior  ant  (Zo\'94l.),  a reddish ant (Formica sanguinea) native of
   Europe  and  America. It is one of the species which move in armies to
   capture and enslave other ants.


   War"rior*ess, n. A female warrior. [Obs.] Spenser.


   War"ry (?), v. t. See Warye. [Obs.]


   War"saw   (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The  black  grouper  (Epinephelus
   nigritus)  of  the  southern  coasts  of  the  United  States. (b) The
   jewfish; -- called also guasa.


   Wart  (?),  n. [OE. werte, AS. wearte; akin to D. wrat, G. warze, OHG.
   warza,  Icel.  varta, Sw. v\'86rta, Dan. vorte; perh. orig., a growth,
   and akin to E. wort; or cf. L. verruca wart.]

   1.  (Med.)  A  small,  usually  hard,  tumor  on  the  skin  formed by
   enlargement   of  its  vascular  papill\'91,  and  thickening  of  the
   epidermis which covers them.

   2. An excrescence or protuberance more or less resembling a true wart;
   specifically  (Bot.), a glandular excrescence or hardened protuberance
   on plants.
   Fig  wart,  Moist  wart  (Med.), a soft, bright red, pointed or tufted
   tumor  found  about  the  genitals,  often massed into groups of large
   size. It is a variety of condyloma. Called also pointed wart, venereal
   wart.  L.  A.  Duhring.  --  Wart cress (Bot.), the swine's cress. See
   under  Swine.  -- Wart snake (Zo\'94l.), any one of several species of
   East Indian colubrine snakes of the genus Acrochordus, having the body
   covered  with  wartlike  tubercles  or  spinose  scales,  and  lacking
   cephalic  plates  and ventral scutes. -- Wart spurge (Bot.), a kind of
   wartwort (Euphorbia Helioscopia).


   Wart"ed,  a. (Bot.) Having little knobs on the surface; verrucose; as,
   a warted capsule.

                                   Wart hog

   Wart"  hog` (?). (Zo\'94l.) Either one of two species of large, savage
   African  wild  hogs  of the genus Phacoch&oe;rus. These animals have a
   pair  of  large,  rough,  fleshy tubercles behind the tusks and second
   pair  behind  the eyes. The tusks are large and strong, and both pairs
   curve upward. The body is scantily covered with bristles, but there is
   long   dorsal   mane.   The   South  African  species  (Phacoch&oe;rus
   \'92thiopicus)  is the best known. Called also vlacke vark. The second
   species (P. \'92liani) is native of the coasts of the Red Sea.


   Wart"less, a. Having no wart.


   Wart"weed` (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Wartwort.


   Wart"wort`  (?), n. (Bot.) A name given to several plants because they
   were  thought  to  be a cure for warts, as a kind of spurge (Euphorbia
   Helioscopia), and the nipplewort (Lampsana communis).


   Wart"y (?), a.

   1. Having warts; full of warts; overgrow with warts; as, a warty leaf.

   2. Of the nature of warts; as, a warty excrescence.
   Warty  egg  (Zo\'94l.),  a  marine univalve shell (Ovulum verrucosum),
   having the surface covered with wartlike elevations.


   War"wick*ite  (?),  n. (Min.) A dark brown or black mineral, occurring
   in prismatic crystals imbedded in limestone near Warwick, New York. It
   consists of the borate and titanate of magnesia and iron.


   War"worn` (?), a. Worn with military service; as, a warworn soldier; a
   warworn coat. Shak.


   Wa"ry  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Warier (?); superl. Wariest.] [OE. war, AS.
   w\'91r;  akin to Icel. v, Dan. & Sw. var, Goth. wars, G. gewahr aware,
   OHG.  wara  notice,  attention, Gr. Aware, Garment, Garnish, Garrison,
   Panorama, Ward, v. t. Ware, a., Warren.]

   1.  Cautious  of  danger;  carefully  watching  and  guarding  against
   deception, artifices, and dangers; timorously or suspiciously prudent;
   circumspect; scrupulous; careful. "Bear a wary eye." Shak.

     We should be wary, therefore, what persecution we raise against the
     living labors of public men. Milton.

   2. Characterized by caution; guarded; careful.

     It behoveth our words to be wary and few. Hooker.

   Syn. -- Cautious; circumspect; watchful. See Cautious.


   War"ye  (?),  v.  t.  [AS.  wergian, wyrgean. Cf. Worry.] To curse; to
   curse;  to  execrate;  to  condemn; also, to vex. [Obs.] [Spelled also
   warrie, warry, and wary.] "Whom I thus blame and warye." Chaucer.


   Was  (?).  [AS.  w\'91s,  2d  pers.  w&aemac;re,  3d pers. w\'91s, pl.
   w&aemac;ron,  with  the  inf. wesan to be; akin to D. wezen, imp. was,
   OHG.  wesan,  imp. was, G. wesen, n., a being, essence, war was, Icel.
   vera  to  be,  imp.  var, Goth. wisan to be, to dwell, to remain, imp.
   was, Skr. vas to remain, to dwell. &root;148. Cf. Vernacular, Wassail,
   Were,  v.] The first and third persons singular of the verb be, in the
   indicative mood, preterit (imperfect) tense; as, I was; he was.


   Wase  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Sw.  vase  a sheaf.] A bundle of straw, or other
   material,  to  relieve  the pressure of burdens carried upon the head.
   [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Wash  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Washed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Washing.]
   [OE.  waschen,  AS.  wascan;  akin  to  D.  wasschen, G. waschen, OHG.
   wascan,  Icel.  &  Sw.  vaska,  Dan.  vaske,  and perhaps to E. water.

   1.  To  cleanse  by ablution, or dipping or rubbing in water; to apply
   water  or  other liquid to for the purpose of cleansing; to scrub with
   water,  etc., or as with water; as, to wash the hands or body; to wash
   garments;  to  wash  sheep  or wool; to wash the pavement or floor; to
   wash the bark of trees.

     When  Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, . . . he took water
     and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of
     the blood of this just person. Matt. xxvii. 24.

   2.  To cover with water or any liquid; to wet; to fall on and moisten;
   hence, to overflow or dash against; as, waves wash the shore.

     Fresh-blown roses washed with dew. Milton.

     [The landscape] washed with a cold, gray mist. Longfellow.

   3. To waste or abrade by the force of water in motion; as, heavy rains
   wash a road or an embankment.<-- now, wash out. -->

   4.  To  remove  by  washing  to  take away by, or as by, the action of
   water;  to  drag  or draw off as by the tide; -- often with away, off,
   out, etc.; as, to wash dirt from the hands.

     Arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins. Acts xxii. 16.

     The tide will wash you off. Shak.

   5.  To  cover with a thin or watery coat of color; to tint lightly and

   6. To overlay with a thin coat of metal; as, steel washed with silver.
   To  wash  gold,  etc.,  to treat earth or gravel, or crushed ore, with
   water,  in order to separate the gold or other metal, or metallic ore,
   through  their  superior  gravity.  -- To wash the hands of. See under


   Wash, v. i.

   1. To perform the act of ablution.

     Wash in Jordan seven times. 2 Kings v. 10.

   2. To clean anything by rubbing or dipping it in water; to perform the
   business  of cleansing clothes, ore, etc., in water. "She can wash and
   scour." Shak.

   3.  To  bear  without  injury  the operation of being washed; as, some
   calicoes do not wash. [Colloq.]

   4.  To  be wasted or worn away by the action of water, as by a running
   or  overflowing stream, or by the dashing of the sea; -- said of road,
   a beach, etc.


   Wash, n.

   1.  The  act of washing; an ablution; a cleansing, wetting, or dashing
   with water; hence, a quantity, as of clothes, washed at once.

   2.  A  piece  of  ground  washed  by  the action of a sea or river, or
   sometimes  covered  and  sometimes  left dry; the shallowest part of a
   river,  or arm of the sea; also, a bog; a marsh; a fen; as, the washes
   in Lincolnshire. "The Wash of Edmonton so gay." Cowper.

     These Lincoln washes have devoured them. Shak.

   3.  Substances collected and deposited by the action of water; as, the
   wash of a sewer, of a river, etc.

     The  wash of pastures, fields, commons, and roads, where rain water
     hath a long time settled. Mortimer.

   4.  Waste  liquid,  the  refuse  of  food,  the collection from washed
   dishes, etc., from a kitchen, often used as food for pigs. Shak.

   5. (Distilling) (a) The fermented wort before the spirit is extracted.
   (b)  A  mixture of dunder, molasses, water, and scummings, used in the
   West Indies for distillation. B. Edwards.

   6.  That  with  which  anything is washed, or wetted, smeared, tinted,
   etc., upon the surface. Specifically: -- (a) A liquid cosmetic for the
   complexion.  (b) A liquid dentifrice. (c) A liquid preparation for the
   hair;  as, a hair wash. (d) A medical preparation in a liquid form for
   external  application;  a lotion. (e) (Painting) A thin coat of color,
   esp. water color. (j) A thin coat of metal laid on anything for beauty
   or preservation.

   7.  (Naut.) (a) The blade of an oar, or the thin part which enters the
   water.  (b)  The  backward  current  or  disturbed water caused by the
   action of oars, or of a steamer's screw or paddles, etc.

   8.  The  flow, swash, or breaking of a body of water, as a wave; also,
   the sound of it.

   9. Ten strikes, or bushels, of oysters. [Prov. Eng.]
   Wash  ball,  a  ball  of soap to be used in washing the hands or face.
   Swift.  --  Wash  barrel  (Fisheries),  a  barrel nearly full of split
   mackerel,  loosely  put  in,  and  afterward filled with salt water in
   order  to soak the blood from the fish before salting. -- Wash bottle.
   (Chem.)  (a)  A bottle partially filled with some liquid through which
   gases  are  passed  for  the  purpose of purifying them, especially by
   removing  soluble  constituents.  (b)  A  washing  bottle.  See  under
   Washing.  --  Wash  gilding. See Water gilding. -- Wash leather, split
   sheepskin  dressed  with  oil, in imitation of chamois, or shammy, and
   used  for  dusting,  cleaning  glass  or plate, etc.; also, alumed, or
   buff, leather for soldiers' belts.


   Wash, a.

   1 Washy; weak. [Obs.]

     Their bodies of so weak and wash a temper. Beau. & Fl.

   2.  Capable  of being washed without injury; washable; as, wash goods.


   Wash"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being washed without damage to fabric or


   Wash"board` (?), n.

   1.  A  fluted, or ribbed, board on which clothes are rubbed in washing

   2.  A board running round, and serving as a facing for, the walls of a
   room, next to the floor; a mopboard.

   3.  (Naut.)  A  broad,  thin plank, fixed along the gunwale of boat to
   keep  the  sea  from  breaking inboard; also, a plank on the sill of a
   lower deck port, for the same purpose; -- called also wasteboard. Mar.


   Wash"bowl`  (?),  n. A basin, or bowl, to hold water for washing one's
   hands, face, etc.


   Wash"dish` (?), n.

   1. A washbowl.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Washerwoman, 2. [Prov. Eng.]


   Washed  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Appearing as if overlaid with a thin layer
   of  different  color;  --  said  of  the  colors  of certain birds and


   Wash"en (?), obs. p. p. of Wash. Chaucer.


   Wash"er (?), n. [AS. w\'91scere.]

   1. One who, or that which, washes.

   2. A ring of metal, leather, or other material, or a perforated plate,
   used  for  various  purposes, as around a bolt or screw to form a seat
   for  the head or nut, or around a wagon axle to prevent endwise motion
   of  the hub of the wheel and relieve friction, or in a joint to form a
   packing, etc.

   3.  (Plumbing) A fitting, usually having a plug, applied to a cistern,
   tub, sink, or the like, and forming the outlet opening.

   4. (Zo\'94l.) The common raccoon.

   5. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Washerwoman, 2. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wash"er*man  (?),  n.; pl. Washermen (. A man who washes clothes, esp.
   for hire, or for others.


   Wash"er*wom`an (?), n.; pl. Washerwomen (.

   1. A woman who washes clothes, especially for hire, or for others.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  pied  wagtail;  --  so  called in allusion to its
   beating  the  water  with  its tail while tripping along the leaves of
   water plants. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wash"house`  (?),  n. An outbuilding for washing, esp. one for washing
   clothes; a laundry.


   Wash"i*ness  (?),  n.  The quality or state of being washy, watery, or


   Wash"ing, n.

   1.  The  act  of  one  who  washes;  the  act of cleansing with water;

   2. The clothes washed, esp. at one time; a wash.
   Washing  bear  (Zo\'94l.),  the  raccoon. -- Washing bottle (Chem.), a
   bottle  fitted  with  glass tubes passing through the cork, so that on
   blowing into one of the tubes a stream of water issuing from the other
   may be directed upon anything to be washed or rinsed, as a precipitate
   upon a filter, etc. -- Washing fluid, a liquid used as a cleanser, and
   consisting usually of alkaline salts resembling soaps in their action.
   -- Washing machine, a machine for washing; specifically, a machine for
   washing  clothes. -- Washing soda. (Chem.) See Sodium carbonate, under
   Sodium. -- Washing stuff, any earthy deposit containing gold enough to
   pay for washing it; -- so called among gold miners.


   Wash`ing*to"ni*an (?), a.

   1.  Pertaining  to,  or  characteristic  of,  George Washington; as, a
   Washingtonian policy. Lowell.

   2.  Designating,  or  pertaining to, a temperance society and movement
   started  in Baltimore in 1840 on the principle of total abstinence. --
   n. A member of the Washingtonian Society.


   Wash"-off`  (?), a. (Calico Printing) Capable of being washed off; not
   permanent  or  durable;  --  said  of  colors not fixed by steaming or


   Wash"out`  (?),  n. The washing out or away of earth, etc., especially
   of  a  portion of the bed of a road or railroad by a fall of rain or a
   freshet;  also,  a place, especially in the bed of a road or railroad,
   where the earth has been washed away.


   Wash"pot` (?), n.

   1. A pot or vessel in which anything is washed.

   2.  (Tin-Plate  Manuf.)  A  pot  containing  melted tin into which the
   plates are dipped to be coated.


   Wash"stand`  (?), n. A piece of furniture holding the ewer or pitcher,
   basin, and other requisites for washing the person.


   Wash"tub` (?), n. A tub in which clothes are washed.


   Wash"y (?), a. [From Wash.]

   1. Watery; damp; soft. "Washy ooze." Milton.

   2.  Lacking  substance  or  strength;  weak; thin; dilute; feeble; as,
   washy tea; washy resolutions.

     A polish . . . not over thin and washy. Sir H. Wotton.

   3.  Not  firm  or  hardy;  liable to sweat profusely with labor; as, a
   washy horse. [Local, U. S.]


   Wa"site (?), n. [See Wasium.] (Min.) A variety of allanite from Sweden
   supposed to contain wasium.


   Wa"si*um  (?),  n.  [NL.  So  called from Wasa, or Vasa, the name of a
   former  royal  family  of  Sweden.] (Chem.) A rare element supposed by
   Bahr  to  have  been  extracted  from  wasite, but now identified with


   Wasp  (?),  n.  [OE.  waspe, AS. w\'91ps, w\'91fs; akin to D. wesp, G.
   wespe,  OHG.  wafsa,  wefsa,  Lith.  vapsa  gadfly, Russ. osa wasp, L.
   vespa,  and  perhaps  to  E.  weave.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of numerous
   species  of  stinging  hymenopterous insects, esp. any of the numerous
   species of the genus Vespa, which includes the true, or social, wasps,
   some of which are called yellow jackets.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e social wasps make a complex series of combs, of a
     substance  like  stiff paper, often of large size, and protect them
     by  a  paperlike  covering. The larv\'91 are reared in the cells of
     the  combs,  and eat insects and insect larv\'91 brought to them by
     the  adults,  but the latter feed mainly on the honey and pollen of
     flowers, and on the sweet juices of fruit. See Illust. in Appendix.

   Digger  wasp,  any one of numerous species of solitary wasps that make
   their  nests  in  burrows  which  they  dig in the ground, as the sand
   wasps.  See  Sand  wasp,  under  Sand.  -- Mud wasp. See under Mud. --
   Potter  wasp.  See  under  Potter.  --  Wasp  fly,  a  species  of fly
   resembling a wasp, but without a sting.

   Page 1630


   Wasp"ish (?), a.

   1. Resembling a wasp in form; having a slender waist, like a wasp.

   2.  Quick to resent a trifling affront; characterized by snappishness;
   irritable; irascible; petulant; snappish.

     He was naturally a waspish and hot man. Bp. Hall.

     Much  do  I  suffer,  much, to keep in peace This jealous, waspish,
     wrong-head, rhyming race. Pope.

   Syn.  --  Snappish;  petulant;  irritable;  irascible; testy; peevish;
   captious. -- Wasp"ish*ly, adv. -- Wasp"ish*ness, n.


   Was"sail  (?),  n.  [AS.  wes h\'bel (or an equivalent form in another
   dialect)  be  in  health, which was the form of drinking a health. The
   form wes is imperative. See Was, and Whole.]

   1.  An  ancient  expression  of  good  wishes  on  a festive occasion,
   especially in drinking to some one.

     Geoffrey  of Monmouth relates, on the authority of Walter Calenius,
     that this lady [Rowena], the daughter of Hengist, knelt down on the
     approach  of  the  king,  and,  presenting  him with a cup of wine,
     exclaimed,  Lord king w\'91s heil, that is, literally, Health be to
     you. N. Drake.

   2.  An occasion on which such good wishes are expressed in drinking; a
   drinking  bout;  a  carouse. "In merry wassail he . . . peals his loud
   song." Sir W. Scott.

     The  king  doth  wake  to-night and takes his rouse, Keeps wassail.

     The victors abandoned themselves to feasting and wassail. Prescott.

   3.  The liquor used for a wassail; esp., a beverage formerly much used
   in  England  at  Christmas  and other festivals, made of ale (or wine)
   flavored  with  spices,  sugar, toast, roasted apples, etc.; -- called
   also lamb's wool.

     A jolly wassail bowl, A wassail of good ale. Old Song.

   4. A festive or drinking song or glee. [Obs.]

     Have  you  done  your wassail! 'T is a handsome, drowsy ditty, I'll
     assure you. Beau. & Fl.


   Was"sail,  a. Of or pertaining to wassail, or to a wassail; convivial;
   as,  a  wassail  bowl.  "Awassail  candle, my lord, all tallow." Shak.
   Wassail  bowl,  a bowl in which wassail was mixed, and placed upon the
   table.  "Spiced  wassail  bowl."  J.  Fletcher.  "When  the  cloth was
   removed,  the  butler  brought  in  a  huge  silver  vessel  . . . Its
   appearance  was  hailed  with  acclamation,  being the wassail bowl so
   renowned  in  Christmas  festivity."  W. Irving. -- Wassail cup, a cup
   from which wassail was drunk. 


   Was"sail, v. i. To hold a wassail; to carouse.

     Spending  all  the  day,  and  good  part of the night, in dancing,
     caroling, and wassailing. Sir P. Sidney.


   Was"sail*er  (?),  n.  One  who  drinks  wassail;  one  who engages in
   festivity, especially in drinking; a reveler.

     The rudeness and swilled insolence Of such late wassailers. Milton.


   Wast (?). The second person singular of the verb be, in the indicative
   mood,  imperfect  tense; -- now used only in solemn or poetical style.
   See Was.


   Wast"age  (?),  n.  Loss  by  use, decay, evaporation, leakage, or the
   like; waste.


   Waste  (?),  a. [OE. wast, OF. wast, from L. vastus, influenced by the
   kindred German word; cf. OHG. wuosti, G. w\'81st, OS. w, D. woest, AS.
   w&emac;ste. Cf. Vast.]

   1.  Desolate;  devastated;  stripped;  bare;  hence,  dreary;  dismal;
   gloomy; cheerless.

     The dismal situation waste and wild. Milton.

     His  heart  became  appalled  as  he  gazed  forward into the waste
     darkness of futurity. Sir W. Scott.

   2. Lying unused; unproductive; worthless; valueless; refuse; rejected;
   as, waste land; waste paper.

     But his waste words returned to him in vain. Spenser.

     Not  a  waste  or  needless  sound,  Till we come to holier ground.

     Ill day which made this beauty waste. Emerson.

   3. Lost for want of occupiers or use; superfluous.

     And strangled with her waste fertility. Milton.

   Waste  gate,  a gate by which the superfluous water of a reservoir, or
   the  like,  is  discharged.  -- Waste paper. See under Paper. -- Waste
   pipe,  a  pipe  for carrying off waste, or superfluous, water or other
   fluids.  Specifically:  (a)  (Steam Boilers) An escape pipe. See under
   Escape.  (b)  (Plumbing) The outlet pipe at the bottom of a bowl, tub,
   sink,  or  the  like. -- Waste steam. (a) Steam which escapes the air.
   (b)  Exhaust  steam.  --  Waste trap, a trap for a waste pipe, as of a


   Waste,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Wasted; p. pr. & vb. n. Wasting.] [OE.
   wasten,  OF. waster, guaster, gaster, F. g\'83ter to spoil, L. vastare
   to  devastate,  to  lay waste, fr. vastus waste, desert, uncultivated,
   ravaged,  vast,  but  influenced  by  a  kindred German word; cf. OHG.
   wuosten, G. w\'81sten, AS. w&emac;stan. See Waste, a.]

   1. To bring to ruin; to devastate; to desolate; to destroy.

     Thou  barren  ground,  whom  winter's wrath hath wasted, Art made a
     mirror to behold my plight. Spenser.

     The  Tiber  Insults  our  walls,  and  wastes our fruitful grounds.

   2.  To  wear  away  by  degrees;  to  impair gradually; to diminish by
   constant loss; to use up; to consume; to spend; to wear out.

     Until your carcasses be wasted in the wilderness. Num. xiv. 33.

     O, were I able To waste it all myself, and leave ye none! Milton.

     Here condemned To waste eternal days in woe and pain. Milton.

     Wasted  by such a course of life, the infirmities of age daily grew
     on him. Robertson.

   3.  To  spend  unnecessarily  or  carelessly; to employ prodigally; to
   expend  without  valuable  result;  to  apply  to useless purposes; to
   lavish  vainly;  to  squander;  to  cause  to  be  lost; to destroy by
   scattering or injury.

     The  younger  son  gathered  all  together,  and  .  . . wasted his
     substance with riotous living. Luke xv. 13.

     Full many a flower is born to blush unseen, And waste its sweetness
     on the desert air. Gray.

   4.  (Law)  To damage, impair, or injure, as an estate, voluntarily, or
   by  suffering  the buildings, fences, etc., to go to decay. Syn. -- To
   squander; dissipate; lavish; desolate.


   Waste (?), v. i.

   1.  To be diminished; to lose bulk, substance, strength, value, or the
   like, gradually; to be consumed; to dwindle; to grow less.

     The time wasteth night and day. Chaucer.

     The barrel of meal shall not waste. 1 Kings xvii. 14.

     But man dieth, and wasteth away. Job xiv. 10.

   2. (Sporting) To procure or sustain a reduction of flesh; -- said of a
   jockey in preparation for a race, etc.


   Waste,  n.  [OE.  waste;  cf. the kindred AS. w, OHG. w, wuost\'c6, G.
   w\'81ste. See Waste, a. & v.]

   1.  The  act  of wasting, or the state of being wasted; a squandering;
   needless destruction; useless consumption or expenditure; devastation;
   loss  without equivalent gain; gradual loss or decrease, by use, wear,
   or decay; as, a waste of property, time, labor, words, etc. "Waste . .
   . of catel and of time." Chaucer.

     For all this waste of wealth loss of blood. Milton.

     He will never . . . in the way of waste, attempt us again. Shak.

     Little  wastes  in  great establishments, constantly occurring, may
     defeat the energies of a mighty capital. L. Beecher.

   2.  That  which  is wasted or desolate; a devastated, uncultivated, or
   wild  country; a deserted region; an unoccupied or unemployed space; a
   dreary void; a desert; a wilderness. "The wastes of Nature." Emerson.

     All  the  leafy  nation  sinks at last, And Vulcan rides in triumph
     o'er the waste. Dryden.

     The gloomy waste of waters which bears his name is his tomb and his
     monument. Bancroft.

   3.   That   which   is   of  no  value;  worthless  remnants;  refuse.
   Specifically:  Remnants  of  cops,  or other refuse resulting from the
   working  of  cotton,  wool,  hemp,  and  the  like,  used  for  wiping
   machinery, absorbing oil in the axle boxes of railway cars, etc.

   4. (Law) Spoil, destruction, or injury, done to houses, woods, fences,
   lands,  etc.,  by  a tenant for life or for years, to the prejudice of
   the heir, or of him in reversion or remainder.

     NOTE: &hand; Wa ste is  voluntary, as by pulling down buildings; or
     permissive,  as  by  suffering  them  to fall for want of necessary
     repairs. Whatever does a lasting damage to the freehold is a waste.


   5. (Mining) Old or abandoned workings, whether left as vacant space or
   filled   with   refuse.   Syn.   --   Prodigality;  diminution;  loss;
   dissipation; destruction; devastation; havoc; desolation; ravage.


   Waste"bas`ket  (?), n. A basket used in offices, libraries, etc., as a
   receptacle for waste paper.


   Waste"board` (?), n. (Naut.) See Washboard, 3.


   Waste"book`   (?),  n.  (Com.)  A  book  in  which  rough  entries  of
   transactions  are  made,  previous  to  their  being  carried into the


   Waste"ful (?), c.

   1.  Full  of  waste;  destructive  to  property; ruinous; as; wasteful
   practices or negligence; wasteful expenses.

   2.  Expending,  or  tending  to  expend,  property,  or  that which is
   valuable,  in  a  needless  or useless manner; lavish; prodigal; as, a
   wasteful person; a wasteful disposition.

   3. Waste; desolate; unoccupied; untilled. [Obs.]

     In wilderness and wasteful desert strayed. Spenser.

   Syn.  -- Lavish; profuse; prodigal; extravagant. -- Waste"ful*ly, adv.
   -- Waste"ful*ness, n.


   Was"tel  (?), n. [OF. wastel, gastel, F. g\'83teau, LL. wastellus, fr.
   MHG.  wastel  a  kind  of  bread; cf. OHG. & AS. wist food.] A kind of
   white  and fine bread or cake; -- called also wastel bread, and wastel
   cake. [Obs.]

     Roasted flesh or milk and wasted bread. Chaucer.

     The  simnel  bread  and  wastel  cakes, which were only used at the
     tables of the highest nobility. Sir W. Scott.


   Waste"ness (?), n.

   1. The quality or state of being waste; a desolate state or condition;

     A day of trouble and distress, a day of wasteness. Zeph. i. 15.

   2. That which is waste; a desert; a waste. [R.]

     Through woods and wasteness wide him daily sought. Spenser.


   Wast"er (?), n. [OE. wastour, OF. wasteor, gasteor. See Waste, v. t.]

   1. One who, or that which, wastes; one who squanders; one who consumes
   or expends extravagantly; a spendthrift; a prodigal.

     He  also  that  is slothful in his work is brother to him that is a
     great waster. Prov. xviii. 9.

     Sconces are great wasters of candles. Swift.

   2.  An  imperfection  in the wick of a candle, causing it to waste; --
   called also a thief. Halliwell.

   3. A kind of cudgel; also, a blunt-edged sword used as a foil.

     Half  a  dozen of veneys at wasters with a good fellow for a broken
     head. Beau. & Fl.

     Being  unable  to  wield  the intellectual arms of reason, they are
     fain to betake them unto wasters. Sir T. Browne.


   Waste"thrift` (?), n. A spendthrift. [Obs.]


   Waste"weir` (?), n. An overfall, or weir, for the escape, or overflow,
   of superfluous water from a canal, reservoir, pond, or the like.


   Wast"ing, a. Causing waste; also, undergoing waste; diminishing; as, a
   wasting  disease;  a  wasting  fortune. <-- wasting asset = 2nd sense.
   Should  be  separate  senses.  -->  Wasting  palsy (Med.), progressive
   muscular atrophy. See under Progressive.


   Wast"or,  n.  A  waster; a thief. [Obs. or R.] [Written also wastour.]
   Chaucer. Southey.


   Wast"o*rel (?), n. See Wastrel. [Obs.]


   Wast"rel (?), n.

   1.  Any  waste  thing or substance; as: (a) Waste land or common land.
   [Obs.]  Carew. (b) A profligate. [Prov. Eng.] (c) A neglected child; a
   street Arab. [Eng.]

   2.  Anything  cast away as bad or useless, as imperfect bricks, china,
   etc. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   Watch  (?),  n. [OE. wacche, AS. w\'91cce, fr. wacian to wake; akin to
   D. wacht, waak, G. wacht, wache. Wake, v. i. ]

   1.  The  act  of  watching;  forbearance  of  sleep;  vigil;  wakeful,
   vigilant, or constantly observant attention; close observation; guard;
   preservative or preventive vigilance; formerly, a watching or guarding
   by night.

     Shepherds keeping watch by night. Milton.

     All the long night their mournful watch they keep. Addison.

     NOTE: &hand; Watch was formerly distinguished from ward, the former
     signifying  a  watching  or  guarding  by  night,  and the latter a
     watching,  guarding,  or  protecting  by  day  Hence, they were not
     unfrequently  used together, especially in the phrase to keep watch
     and  ward,  to  denote  continuous  and  uninterrupted vigilance or
     protection,  or both watching and guarding. This distinction is now
     rarely  recognized,  watch  being  used  to  signify  a watching or
     guarding  both  by  night and by day, and ward, which is now rarely
     used,  having  simply  the meaning of guard, or protection, without
     reference to time.

     Still, when she slept, he kept both watch and ward. Spenser.

     Ward,  guard,  or  custodia,  is chiefly applied to the daytime, in
     order to apprehend rioters, and robbers on the highway . . . Watch,
     is  properly applicable to the night only, . . . and it begins when
     ward ends, and ends when that begins. Blackstone.

   2.  One  who  watches,  or  those  who watch; a watchman, or a body of
   watchmen; a sentry; a guard.

     Pilate  said  unto  them,  Ye have a watch; go your way, make it as
     sure as ye can. Matt. xxvii. 65.

   3.  The post or office of a watchman; also, the place where a watchman
   is posted, or where a guard is kept.

     He upbraids Iago, that he made him Brave me upon the watch. Shak.

   4.  The  period  of  the  night  during  which a person does duty as a
   sentinel,  or  guard; the time from the placing of a sentinel till his
   relief; hence, a division of the night.

     I did stand my watch upon the hill. Shak.

     Might  we but hear . . . Or whistle from the lodge, or village cock
     Count the night watches to his feathery dames. Milton.

   5.  A small timepiece, or chronometer, to be carried about the person,
   the  machinery  of  which  is  moved  by  a  spring.<-- or electric or
   electronic mechanisms. -->

     NOTE: &hand; Wa tches ar e of ten di stinguished by  th e ki nd of 
     escapement  used,  as an anchor watch, a lever watch, a chronometer
     watch,  etc.  (see  the Note under Escapement, n., 3); also, by the
     kind  of  case,  as  a gold or silver watch, an open-faced watch, a
     hunting watch, or hunter, etc.

   6.  (Naut.)  (a)  An  allotted  portion of time, usually four hour for
   standing  watch,  or  being  on deck ready for duty. Cf. Dogwatch. (b)
   That  part,  usually  one half, of the officers and crew, who together
   attend  to  the working of a vessel for an allotted time, usually four
   hours. The watches are designated as the port watch, and the starboard
   Anchor  watch  (Naut.),  a detail of one or more men who keep watch on
   deck  when a vessel is at anchor. -- To be on the watch, to be looking
   steadily  for  some event. -- Watch and ward (Law), the charge or care
   of  certain  officers  to  keep a watch by night and a guard by day in
   towns, cities, and other districts, for the preservation of the public
   peace.  Wharton.  Burrill.  --  Watch  and  watch (Naut.), the regular
   alternation  in  being  on watch and off watch of the two watches into
   which  a  ship's  crew is commonly divided. -- Watch barrel, the brass
   box  in  a  watch, containing the mainspring. -- Watch bell (Naut.), a
   bell struck when the half-hour glass is run out, or at the end of each
   half  hour.  Craig.  -- Watch bill (Naut.), a list of the officers and
   crew  of  a ship as divided into watches, with their stations. Totten.
   -- Watch case, the case, or outside covering, of a watch; also, a case
   for  holding  a watch, or in which it is kept. -- Watch chain. Same as
   watch  guard,  below.  --  Watch  clock, a watchman's clock; see under
   Watchman.  -- Watch fire, a fire lighted at night, as a signal, or for
   the  use  of  a  watch  or guard. -- Watch glass. (a) A concavo-convex
   glass for covering the face, or dial, of a watch; -- also called watch
   crystal.  (b)  (Naut.) A half-hour glass used to measure the time of a
   watch  on deck.<-- (c) (Chem.) A round concavo-convex glass of shallow
   depth used for certain manipulations of chemicals in a laboratory. -->
   --  Watch  guard,  a chain or cord by which a watch is attached to the
   person.  -- Watch gun (Naut.), a gun sometimes fired on shipboard at 8
   p. m., when the night watch begins. -- Watch light, a low-burning lamp
   used  by  watchers at night; formerly, a candle having a rush wick. --
   Watch  night,  The  last  night  of  the  year;  --  so  called by the
   Methodists, Moravians, and others, who observe it by holding religious
   meetings   lasting   until   after   midnight.   --  Watch  paper,  an
   old-fashioned  ornament  for the inside of a watch case, made of paper
   cut  in  some  fanciful  design, as a vase with flowers, etc. -- Watch
   tackle (Naut.), a small, handy purchase, consisting of a tailed double
   block, and a single block with a hook.


   Watch (?), v. i. [Cf. AS. w&oe;ccan, wacian. &root;134. See Watch, n.,
   Wake, v. i. ]

   1.  To  be  awake;  to  be or continue without sleep; to wake; to keep

     I have two nights watched with you. Shak.

     Couldest thou not watch one hour ? Mark xiv. 37.

   2. To be attentive or vigilant; to give heed; to be on the lookout; to
   keep guard; to act as sentinel.

     Take ye heed, watch and pray. Mark xiii. 33.

     The  Son  gave  signal  high  To  the bright minister that watched.

   3.  To  be  expectant;  to  look  with  expectation;  to wait; to seek

     My  soul  waiteth  for  the  Lord more than they that watch for the
     morning. Ps. cxxx. 6.

   4.  To  remain  awake with any one as nurse or attendant; to attend on
   the sick during the night; as, to watch with a man in a fever.

   5.  (Naut.) To serve the purpose of a watchman by floating properly in
   its place; -- said of a buoy.
   To watch over, to be cautiously observant of; to inspect, superintend,
   and guard.


   Watch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Watched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Watching.]

   1.  To  give  heed  to;  to observe the actions or motions of, for any
   purpose;  to keep in view; not to lose from sight and observation; as,
   to watch the progress of a bill in the legislature.

     Saul  also  sent messengers unto David's house to watch him, and to
     slay him. 1 Sam. xix. 11

     I must cool a little, and watch my opportunity. Landor.

     In lazy mood I watched the little circles die. Longfellow.

   2. To tend; to guard; to have in keeping.

     And  flaming  ministers,  to  watch  and  tend Their earthy charge.

     Paris watched the flocks in the groves of Ida. Broome.

   Page 1631


   Watch"dog` (?), n. A dog kept to watch and guard premises or property,
   and to give notice of the approach of intruders.


   Watch"er  (?),  n.  One  who  watches; one who sits up or continues; a
   diligent  observer; specifically, one who attends upon the sick during
   the night.


   Watch"es (?), n. pl. (Bot.) The leaves of Sarace. See Trumpets. 


   Watch  (?), a. [Probably from F. vaciet bilberry, whortleberry; cf. L.
   vaccinium   blueberry,  whortleberry.]  Pale  or  light  blue.  [Obs.]
   "Watchet mantles." Spenser.

     Who stares in Germany at watchet eyes? Dryden.


   Watch"ful  (?),  a.  Full  of  watch;  vigilant; attentive; careful to
   observe  closely;  observant; cautious; -- with of before the thing to
   be  regulated  or  guarded;  as, to be watchful of one's behavior; and
   with  against  before  the  thing  to  be  avoided; as, to be watchful
   against  the  growth of vicious habits. "Many a watchful night." Shak.
   "Happy watchful shepherds." Milton.

     'Twixt prayer and watchful love his heart dividing. Keble.

   Syn.   --   Vigilant;  attentive;  cautious;  observant;  circumspect;
   wakeful; heedful. -- Watch"ful*ly, adv. -- Watch"ful*ness, n.


   Watch"house` (?), n.; pl. Watchhouses (.

   1. A house in which a watch or guard is placed.

   2.  A  place  where  persons under temporary arrest by the police of a
   city are kept; a police station; a lockup.


   Watch"mak`er  (?),  n.  One  whose  occupation  is  to make and repair


   Watch"man (?), n.; pl. Watchmen (.

   1. One set to watch; a person who keeps guard; a guard; a sentinel.

   2.  Specifically, one who guards a building, or the streets of a city,
   by night.
   Watchman  beetle  (Zo\'94l.), the European dor. -- Watchman's clock, a
   watchman's  detector in which the apparatus for recording the times of
   visiting  several  stations  is  contained  within  a single clock. --
   Watchman's  detector,  OR  Watchman's  time detector, an apparatus for
   recording  the time when a watchman visits a station on his rounds. --
   Watchman's  rattle,  an  instrument  having  at  the end of a handle a
   revolving  arm,  which,  by  the  action of a strong spring upon cogs,
   produces, when in motion, a loud, harsh, rattling sound.


   Watch"tow`er  (?),  n.  A tower in which a sentinel is placed to watch
   for enemies, the approach of danger, or the like.


   Watch"word` (?), n.

   1.  A  word  given to sentinels, and to such as have occasion to visit
   the guards, used as a signal by which a friend is known from an enemy,
   or  a person who has a right to pass the watch from one who has not; a
   countersign; a password.

   2.  A sentiment or motto; esp., one used as a rallying cry or a signal
   for action.

     Nor deal in watchwords overmuch. Tennyson.


   Wa"ter (?), n. [AS. w\'91ter; akin to OS. watar, OFries. wetir, weter,
   LG.  &  D. water, G. wasser, OHG. wazzar, Icel. vatn, Sw. vatten, Dan.
   vand, Goth. wat, O. Slav. & Russ. voda, Gr. udan water, ud to wet, and
   perhaps to L. unda wave. Dropsy, Hydra, Otter, Wet, Whisky.]

   1.  The  fluid which descends from the clouds in rain, and which forms
   rivers, lakes, seas, etc. "We will drink water." Shak."Powers of fire,
   air, water, and earth." Milton.

     NOTE: &hand; Pu re wa ter consists of hydrogen and oxygen, H2O, and
     is  a  colorless, odorless, tasteless, transparent liquid, which is
     very slightly compressible. At its maximum density, 39 Fahr. or 4
     C., it is the standard for specific gravities, one cubic centimeter
     weighing  one  gram.  It freezes at 32 Fahr. or 0 C. and boils at
     212  Fahr.  or  100 C. (see Ice, Steam). It is the most important
     natural  solvent, and is frequently impregnated with foreign matter
     which  is  mostly  removed  by  distillation;  hence, rain water is
     nearly pure. It is an important ingredient in the tissue of animals
     and  plants,  the human body containing about two thirds its weight
     of water.

   2.  A  body  of  water,  standing  or flowing; a lake, river, or other
   collection of water.

     Remembering  he  had  passed over a small water a poor scholar when
     first coming to the university, he kneeled. Fuller.

   3.  Any  liquid secretion, humor, or the like, resembling water; esp.,
   the urine.

   4.  (Pharm.)  A  solution  in  water  of a gaseous or readily volatile
   substance; as, ammonia water. U. S. Pharm.

   5. The limpidity and luster of a precious stone, especially a diamond;
   as,  a  diamond  of  the  first  water,  that  is,  perfectly pure and
   transparent.  Hence,  of  the  first  water,  that  is,  of  the first

   6.  A  wavy,  lustrous  pattern  or  decoration such as is imparted to
   linen,  silk,  metals,  etc.  See  Water, v. t., 3, Damask, v. t., and

   7.  An  addition  to  the  shares  representing the capital of a stock
   company  so  that  the  aggregate par value of the shares is increased
   while   their  value  for  investment  is  diminished,  or  "diluted."
   [Brokers' Cant]

     NOTE: &hand; Wa ter is  often used adjectively and in the formation
     of many self-explaining compounds; as, water drainage; water gauge,
     or water-gauge; waterfowl, water-fowl, or water fowl; water-beaten;
     water-borne, water-circled, water-girdled, water-rocked, etc.

   Hard  water.  See  under  Hard. -- Inch of water, a unit of measure of
   quantity  of  water,  being  the  quantity  which will flow through an
   orifice  one  inch square, or a circular orifice one inch in diameter,
   in  a  vertical  surface,  under  a  stated constant head; also called
   miner's  inch,  and  water inch. The shape of the orifice and the head
   vary  in  different  localities.  In  the  Western  United States, for
   hydraulic  mining, the standard aperture is square and the head from 4
   to  9 inches above its center. In Europe, for experimental hydraulics,
   the  orifice  is  usually round and the head from of an inch to 1 inch
   above  its top. -- Mineral water, waters which are so impregnated with
   foreign   ingredients,   such  as  gaseous,  sulphureous,  and  saline
   substances,  as  to  give  them  medicinal properties, or a particular
   flavor  or temperature. -- Soft water, water not impregnated with lime
   or  mineral  salts. -- To hold water. See under Hold, v. t. -- To keep
   one's  head  above  water,  to  keep afloat; fig., to avoid failure or
   sinking  in  the struggles of life. [Colloq.] -- To make water. (a) To
   pass  urine.  Swift.  (b) (Naut.) To admit water; to leak. -- Water of
   crystallization  (Chem.),  the water combined with many salts in their
   crystalline   form.   This   water   is  loosely,  but,  nevertheless,
   chemically,  combined, for it is held in fixed and definite amount for
   each substance containing it. Thus, while pure copper sulphate, CuSO4,
   is  a  white amorphous substance, blue vitriol, the crystallized form,
   CuSO4.5H2O,  contains  five  molecules of water of crystallization. --
   Water  on  the  brain  (Med.),  hydrocephalus.  --  Water on the chest
   (Med.), hydrothorax.

     NOTE: &hand; Ot her ph rases, in  wh ich wa ter occurs as the first
     element, will be found in alphabetical order in the Vocabulary.


   Wa"ter  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Watered  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Watering.] [AS. w\'91terian, gew\'91terian.]

   1. To wet or supply with water; to moisten; to overflow with water; to
   irrigate; as, to water land; to water flowers.

     With tears watering the ground. Milton.

     Men  whose  lives  gilded  on like rivers that water the woodlands.

   2.  To supply with water for drink; to cause or allow to drink; as, to
   water cattle and horses.

   3.  To  wet  and  calender, as cloth, so as to impart to it a lustrous
   appearance  in  wavy  lines;  to diversify with wavelike lines; as, to
   water silk. Cf. Water, n., 6.

   4.  To add water to (anything), thereby extending the quantity or bulk
   while  reducing  the  strength  or  quality;  to extend; to dilute; to
   To  water stock, to increase the capital stock of a company by issuing
   new  stock,  thus  diminishing the value of the individual shares. Cf.
   Water, n., 7. [Brokers' Cant]


   Wa"ter, v. i.

   1.  To  shed,  secrete,  or fill with, water or liquid matter; as, his
   eyes began to water.

     If thine eyes can water for his death. Shak.

   2. To get or take in water; as, the ship put into port to water.
   The  mouth  waters,  a  phrase  denoting that a person or animal has a
   longing desire for something, since the sight of food often causes one
   who is hungry to have an increased flow of saliva.

                                  Water adder

   Wa"ter  ad"der (?). (Zo\'94l.) (a) The water moccasin. (b) The common,
   harmless  American  water  snake  (Tropidonotus  sipedon). See Illust.
   under Water Snake.


   Wa"ter*age  (?;  48), n. Money paid for transportation of goods, etc.,
   by water. [Eng.]

                                Water agrimony

   Wa"ter  ag"ri*mo*ny  (?).  (Bot.)  A  kind  of  bur  marigold  (Bidens
   tripartita) found in wet places in Europe.

                                  Water aloe

   Wa"ter al"oe (?). (Bot.) See Water soldier.

                                Water antelope

   Wa"ter an"te*lope (?). See Water buck.

                                  Water arum

   Wa"ter  a"rum  (?).  (Bot.)  An  aroid herb (Calla palustris) having a
   white spathe. It is an inhabitant of the north temperate zone.

                                  Water back

   Wa"ter back` (?). See under 1st Back.

                                 Water bailiff

   Wa"ter  bail"iff  (?).  An officer of the customs, whose duty it is to
   search vessels. [Eng.]

                                 Water ballast

   Wa"ter  bal"last  (?). (Naut.) Water confined in specially constructed
   compartments in a vessel's hold, to serve as ballast.

                                Water barometer

   Wa"ter ba*rom"e*ter (?). (Physics) A barometer in which the changes of
   atmospheric  pressure are indicated by the motion of a column of water
   instead  of  mercury. It requires a column of water about thirty-three
   feet in height.

                                  Water bath

   Wa"ter  bath` (?). A device for regulating the temperature of anything
   subjected  to  heat,  by  surrounding  the  vessel  containing it with
   another  vessel  containing  water  which  can  be  kept  at a desired
   temperature; also, a vessel designed for this purpose.

                                 Water battery

   Wa"ter bat"ter*y (?).

   1. (Elec.) A voltaic battery in which the exciting fluid is water.

   2. (Mil.) A battery nearly on a level with the water.

                                  Water bear

   Wa"ter bear` (?). (Zo\'94l.) Any species of Tardigrada, 2. See Illust.
   of Tardigrada.


   Wa"ter-bear`er (?), n. (Astron.) The constellation Aquarius.

                                   Water bed

   Wa"ter  bed`  (?).  A  kind  of  mattress  made  of,  or covered with,
   waterproof  fabric  and filled with water. It is used in hospitals for
   bedridden patients. <-- also used in some private homes. -->

                                  Water beech

   Wa"ter beech` (?). (Bot.) The American hornbeam. See Hornbeam.

                                 Water beetle

   Wa"ter  bee"tle (?). (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of aquatic
   beetles  belonging  to  Dytiscus  and  allied  genera  of  the  family
   Dytiscid\'91,  and  to  various  genera of the family Hydrophilid\'91.
   These  beetles  swim  with great agility, the fringed hind legs acting
   together like oars.

                                 Water bellows

   Wa"ter bel"lows (?). Same as Tromp.

                                  Water bird

   Wa"ter bird` (?). (Zo\'94l.) Any aquatic bird; a water fowl.

                                Water blackbird

   Wa"ter  black"*bird  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  The  European  water  ousel, or


   Wa"ter*board`  (?),  n.  A board set up to windward in a boat, to keep
   out water. Ham. Nav. Encyc.

                                 Water boatman

   Wa"ter boat`man (?). (Zo\'94l.) A boat bug.


   Wa"ter*bok` (?), n. [D.] (Zo\'94l.) A water buck.


   Wa"ter-bound` (?), a. Prevented by a flood from proceeding.

                                  Water brain

   Wa"ter brain` (?). A disease of sheep; gid.

                                  Water brash

   Wa"ter brash` (?). (Med.) See under Brash.

                                Water breather

   Wa"ter  breath"er (?). (Zo\'94l.) Any arthropod that breathes by means
   of gills.

                                 Water bridge

   Wa"ter bridge` (?). (Steam Boilers) See Water table.

                                  Water buck

   Wa"ter   buck`   (?).   (Zo\'94l.)  A  large,  heavy  antelope  (Kobus
   ellipsiprymnus)  native  of  Central Africa. It frequents the banks of
   rivers  and  is  a  good swimmer. It has a white ring around the rump.
   Called also photomok, water antelope, and waterbok.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e name is also applied to other related species, as
     the leche (Kobus leche), which has similar habits.

                                 Water buffalo

   Wa"ter buf"fa*lo (?). (Zo\'94l.) The European buffalo.

                                   Water bug

   Wa"ter  bug`  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The  Croton  bug.  (b) Any one of
   numerous  species  of  large,  rapacious, aquatic, hemipterous insects
   belonging  to  Belostoma,  Benacus,  Zaitha,  and  other genera of the
   family Belostomatid\'91. Their hind legs are long and fringed, and act
   like  oars.  Some  of these insects are of great size, being among the
   largest existing Hemiptera. Many of them come out of the water and fly
   about at night.

                                  Water butt

   Wa"ter butt` (?). A large, open-headed cask, set up on end, to contain
   water. Dickens.

                                 Water caltrop

   Wa"ter cal"trop (?). (Bot.) The water chestnut.

                                   Water can

   Wa"ter  can`  (?).  (Bot.)  Any  one of several species of Nuphar; the
   yellow  frog lily; -- so called from the shape of the seed vessel. See
   Nuphar, and cf. Candock. Dr. Prior.

                                 Water canker

   Wa"ter can"ker (?). (Med.) See Canker, n., 1.

                                Water carriage

   Wa"ter car"riage (?).

   1.  Transportation  or  conveyance  by water; means of transporting by

   2. A vessel or boat. [Obs.] Arbuthnot.

                                  Water cart

   Wa"ter  cart` (?). A cart carrying water; esp., one carrying water for
   sale, or for sprinkling streets, gardens, etc.

                                  Water cavy

   Wa"ter ca"vy (?). (Zo\'94l.) The capybara.

                                 Water celery

   Wa"ter  cel"er*y (?). (Bot.) A very acrid herb (Ranunculus sceleratus)
   growing in ditches and wet places; -- called also cursed crowfoot.

                                  Water cell

   Wa"ter  cell`  (?).  A cell containing water; specifically (Zo\'94l.),
   one  of  the  cells  or  chambers  in  which water is stored up in the
   stomach of a camel.

                                 Water cement

   Wa"ter ce*ment" (?). Hydraulic cement.

                                Water chestnut

   Wa"ter  chest"nut  (?).  (Bot.)  The  fruit  of Trapa natans and Trapa
   bicornis,  Old  World water plants bearing edible nutlike fruits armed
   with  several hard and sharp points; also, the plant itself; -- called
   also water caltrop.

                               Water chevrotain

   Wa"ter  chev`ro*tain"  (?). (Zo\'94l.) A large West African chevrotain
   (Hy\'91moschus  aquaticus). It has a larger body and shorter legs than
   the other allied species. Called also water deerlet.

                                 Water chicken

   Wa"ter chick"en (?). (Zo\'94l.) The common American gallinule.

                                Water chickweed

   Wa"ter  chick"weed`  (?). (Bot.) A small annual plant (Montia fontana)
   growing in wet places in southern regions.

                               Water chinquapin

   Wa"ter  chin"qua*pin  (?).  (Bot.)  The American lotus, and its edible
   seeds, which somewhat resemble chinquapins. Cf. Yoncopin.

                                  Water clock

   Wa"ter clock` (?). An instrument or machine serving to measure time by
   the fall, or flow, of a certain quantity of water; a clepsydra.


   Wa"ter-clos`et  (?),  n. A privy; especially, a privy furnished with a
   contrivance for introducing a stream of water to cleanse it.

                                  Water cock

   Wa"ter  cock`  (?). (Zo\'94l.) A large gallinule (Gallicrex cristatus)
   native  of  Australia,  India,  and  the  East Indies. In the breeding
   season  the  male  is black and has a fleshy red caruncle, or horn, on
   the top of its head. Called also kora.

                                  Water color

   Wa"ter col`or (?). (Paint.)

   1.  A  color  ground  with  water and gum or other glutinous medium; a
   color  the vehicle of which is water; -- so called in distinction from
   oil color.

     NOTE: &hand; It  pr eserves it s co nsistency when dried in a solid
     cake,  which  is  used  by  rubbing  off  a  portion on a moistened
     palette. Moist water colors are water colors kept in a semifluid or
     pasty state in little metal tubes or pans.

   2. A picture painted with such colors.


   Wa"ter-col`or*ist, n. One who paints in water colors.

                                 Water course

   Wa"ter course` (?).

   1. A stream of water; a river or brook. Isa. xliv. 4.

   2.  A  natural  channel for water; also, a canal for the conveyance of
   water, especially in draining lands.

   3.  (Law)  A  running  stream  of  water  having  a bed and banks; the
   easement  one  may  have  in  the  flowing  of  such  a  stream in its
   accustomed  course.  A  water  course  may  be  sometimes dry. Angell.

                                  Water craft

   Wa"ter  craft`  (?).  Any  vessel or boat plying on water; vessels and
   boats, collectively.

                                  Water crake

   Wa"ter  crake`  (?).  (Zo\'94l.) (a) The dipper. (b) The spotted crake
   (Porzana maruetta). See Illust. of Crake. (c) The swamp hen, or crake,
   of Australia.

   Page 1632

                                  Water crane

   Wa"ter  crane` (?). A goose-neck apparatus for supplying water from an
   elevated tank, as to the tender of a locomotive.

                                  Water cress

   Wa"ter  cress`  (?).  (Bot.)  A perennial cruciferous herb (Nasturtium
   officinale)  growing  usually  in  clear  running or spring water. The
   leaves are pungent, and used for salad and as an antiscorbutic.

                                  Water crow

   Wa"ter  crow`  (?).  [So  called  in  allusion  to  its dark plumage.]
   (Zo\'94l.) (a) The dipper. (b) The European coot.

                                Water crowfoot

   Wa"ter crow"foot` (?). (Bot.) An aquatic kind of buttercup (Ranunculus
   aquatilis),  used  as food for cattle in parts of England. Great water
   crowfoot, an American water plant (Ranunculus multifidus), having deep
   yellow flowers.

                                  Water cure

   Wa"ter cure` (?).

   1. (Med.) Hydropathy.

   2. A hydropathic institution.

                                  Water deck

   Wa"ter  deck` (?). A covering of painting canvas for the equipments of
   a dragoon's horse. Wilhelm.

                                  Water deer

   Wa"ter  deer`  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A small Chinese deer (Hydropotes
   inermis). Both sexes are destitute of antlers, but the male has large,
   descending canine tusks. (b) The water chevrotain.

                                 Water deerlet

   Wa"ter deer"let (?). See Water chevrotain.

                                  Water devil

   Wa"ter  dev"il  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  The rapacious larva of a large water
   beetle (Hydrophilus piceus), and of other similar species. See Illust.
   of Water beetle.

                                  Water dock

   Wa"ter  dock`  (?).  (Bot.) A tall, coarse dock growing in wet places.
   The  American  water  dock  is  Rumex  orbiculatus, the European is R.

                                 Water doctor

   Wa"ter  doc"tor (?). (Med.) (a) One who professes to be able to divine
   diseases  by  inspection  of  the  urine.  (b)  A physician who treats
   diseases with water; an hydropathist.

                                   Water dog

   Wa"ter dog` (?).

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  dog accustomed to the water, or trained to retrieve
   waterfowl.  Retrievers,  waters spaniels, and Newfoundland dogs are so

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The menobranchus.

   3. A small floating cloud, supposed to indicate rain.

   4. A sailor, esp. an old sailor; an old salt. [Colloq.]

                                  Water drain

   Wa"ter drain` (?). A drain or channel for draining off water.

                                Water drainage

   Wa"ter drain"age (?; 48). The draining off of water.

                                Water dressing

   Wa"ter  dress"ing (?). (Med.) The treatment of wounds or ulcers by the
   application  of water; also, a dressing saturated with water only, for
   application to a wound or an ulcer.

                                Water dropwort

   Wa"ter drop"wort` (?). (Bot.) A European poisonous umbelliferous plant
   (Enanthe fistulosa) with large hollow stems and finely divided leaves.

                                  Water eagle

   Wa"ter ea"gle (?). (Zo\'94l.) The osprey.

                                  Water elder

   Wa"ter el"der (?). (Bot.) The guelder-rose.

                                Water elephant

   Wa"ter el"e*phant (?). (Zo\'94l.) The hippopotamus. [R.]

                                 Water engine

   Wa"ter  en"gine  (?).  An engine to raise water; or an engine moved by
   water;  also,  an  engine  or  machine for extinguishing fires; a fire


   Wa"ter*er (?), n. One who, or that which, waters.


   Wa"ter*fall` (?), n.

   1.  A  fall,  or  perpendicular  descent,  of  the water of a river or
   stream, or a descent nearly perpendicular; a cascade; a cataract.

   2. (Hairdressing) An arrangement of a woman's back hair over a cushion
   or frame in some resemblance to a waterfall.<-- = a fall? -->

   3. A certain kind of neck scarf. T. Hughes.

                       Water feather. Water feather-foil

   Wa"ter  feath"er  (?).  Wa"ter  feath"er-foil`  (?).  (Bot.) The water
   violet  (Hottonia  palustris);  also, the less showy American plant H.

                                  Water flag

   Wa"ter flag` (?). (Bot.) A European species of Iris (Iris Pseudacorus)
   having bright yellow flowers.

                                 Water flannel

   Wa"ter  flan"nel  (?).  (Bot.)  A floating mass formed in pools by the
   entangled   filaments  of  a  European  fresh-water  alga  (Cladophora

                                  Water flea

   Wa"ter  flea`  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one of numerous species of small
   aquatic Entomostraca belonging to the genera Cyclops, Daphnia, etc; --
   so called because they swim with sudden leaps, or starts.


   Wa"ter*flood`  (?),  n.  [AS. w\'91terfl&omac;d.] A flood of water; an

                                Water flounder

   Wa"ter   floun"der   (?).   (Zo\'94l.)  The  windowpane  (Pleuronectes
   maculatus). [Local, U. S.]


   Wa"ter*fowl` (?), n. Any bird that frequents the water, or lives about
   rivers,  lakes,  etc., or on or near the sea; an aquatic fowl; -- used
   also collectively.

     NOTE: &hand; Of  aq uatic fowls, some are waders, or furnished with
     long legs; others are swimmers, or furnished with webbed feet.

                                   Water fox

   Wa"ter  fox`  (?). (Zo\'94l.) The carp; -- so called on account of its
   cunning. Walton.

                                  Water frame

   Wa"ter  frame`  (?). A name given to the first power spinning machine,
   because driven by water power.

                                 Water furrow

   Wa"ter  fur"row  (?). (Agric.) A deep furrow for conducting water from
   the ground, and keeping the surface soil dry.


   Wa"ter-fur"row, v. t. To make water furrows in.

                                  Water gage

   Wa"ter gage` (?). See Water gauge.

                                  Water gall

   Wa"ter gall` (?).

   1. A cavity made in the earth by a torrent of water; a washout.

   2.  A  watery  appearance  in  the  sky,  accompanying  the rainbow; a
   secondary or broken rainbow.

     These water galls, in her dim element, Foretell new storms to those
     already spent. Shak.

     False  good  news  are  [is] always produced by true good, like the
     water gall by the rainbow. Walpole.

                                  Water gang

   Wa"ter gang` (?). (O. E. Law) A passage for water, such as was usually
   made in a sea wall, to drain water out of marshes. Burrill.

                                   Water gas

   Wa"ter gas` (?). (Chem.) See under Gas.

                                  Water gate

   Wa"ter  gate`  (?).  A  gate,  or  valve,  by which a flow of water is
   permitted, prevented, or regulated.

                                  Water gauge

   Wa"ter gauge` (?). [Written also water gage.]

   1. A wall or bank to hold water back. Craig.

   2.  An  instrument for measuring or ascertaining the depth or quantity
   of  water,  or  for  indicating  the  height of its surface, as in the
   boiler of a steam engine. See Gauge.

                                  Water gavel

   Wa"ter gav"el (?). (O. Eng. Law) A gavel or rent paid for a privilege,
   as of fishing, in some river or water.

                                Water germander

   Wa"ter  ger*man"der  (?).  (Bot.)  A labiate plant (Teucrium Scordium)
   found in marshy places in Europe.

                                 Water gilding

   Wa"ter  gild"ing  (?).  The  act,  or the process, of gilding metallic
   surfaces  by covering them with a thin coating of amalgam of gold, and
   then volatilizing the mercury by heat; -- called also wash gilding.

                                  Water glass

   Wa"ter glass` (?). (Chem.) See Soluble glass, under Glass.

                                   Water god

   Wa"ter  god`  (?).  (Myth.) A fabulous deity supposed to dwell in, and
   preside over, some body of water.

                                  Water gruel

   Wa"ter gru"el (?). A liquid food composed of water and a small portion
   of meal, or other farinaceous substance, boiled and seasoned.

                                 Water hammer

   Wa"ter ham"mer (?). (Physics)

   1.   A  vessel  partly  filled  with  water,  exhausted  of  air,  and
   hermetically   sealed.  When  reversed  or  shaken,  the  water  being
   unimpeded  by  air,  strikes the sides in solid mass with a sound like
   that of a hammer.

   2.  A  concussion,  or blow, made by water in striking, as against the
   sides of a pipe or vessel containing it.

                                  Water hare

   Wa"ter  hare  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  A small American hare or rabbit (Lepus
   aquaticus)  found on or near the southern coasts of the United States;
   -- called also water rabbit, and swamp hare.

                                 Water hemlock

   Wa"ter hem"lock (?). (Bot) (a) A poisonous umbelliferous plant (Cicuta
   virosa)  of Europe; also, any one of several plants of that genus. (b)
   A poisonous plant (nanthe crocata) resembling the above.

                                  Water hemp

   Wa"ter hemp` (?). (Bot.) See under Hemp.

                                   Water hen

   Wa"ter hen` (?).

   1. (Zo\'94l.) Any gallinule.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The common American coot.

                                   Water hog

   Wa"ter hog` (?). (Zo\'94l.) The capybara.

                                Water horehound

   Wa"ter hore"hound` (?). (Bot.) Bugleweed.


   Wa"ter*horse` (?), n. A pile of salted fish heaped up to drain.

                                Water hyacinth

   Wa"ter  hy"a*cinth  (?).  (Bot.)  Either  of  several tropical aquatic
   plants of the genus Eichhornia, related to the pickerel weed.

                                   Water ice

   Wa"ter ice` (?). Water flavored, sweetened, and frozen, to be eaten as
   a confection.


   Wa"ter*ie (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The pied wagtail; -- so called because it
   frequents ponds.

                                  Water inch

   Wa"ter inch` (?). Same as Inch of water, under Water.


   Wa"ter*i*ness  (?), n. The quality or state of being watery; moisture;


   Wa"ter*ing,  a.  &  n. from Water, v. Watering call (Mil.), a sound of
   trumpet  or  bugle  summoning  cavalry  soldiers  to  assemble for the
   purpose of watering their horses. -- Watering cart, a sprinkling cart.
   See Water. -- Watering place. (a) A place where water may be obtained,
   as for a ship, for cattle, etc. (b) A place where there are springs of
   medicinal  water,  or  a  place  by  the sea, or by some large body of
   water,  to  which people resort for bathing, recreation, boating, etc.
   --  Watering  pot.  (a)  A  kind  of  bucket  fitted  with  a rose, or
   perforated  nozzle,  --  used  for  watering  flowers, paths, etc. (b)
   (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of several species of marine bivalve shells of the
   genus   Aspergillum,   or   Brechites.   The  valves  are  small,  and
   consolidated  with  the  capacious  calcareous  tube which incases the
   entire animal. The tube is closed at the anterior end by a convex disk
   perforated by numerous pores, or tubules, and resembling the rose of a
   watering  pot. -- Watering trough, a trough from which cattle, horses,
   and other animals drink.


   Wa"ter*ish, a. [AS. w\'91terisc.]

   1. Resembling water; thin; watery.

     Feed upon such nice and waterish diet. Shak.

   2. Somewhat watery; moist; as, waterish land.


   Wa"ter*ish*ness, n. The quality of being waterish. <--

                                 water jacket

   water  jacket.  A  chamber surrounding a vessel or tube in which water
   may  be  circulated,  thereby  regulating the temperature or supply of
   heat  to  the  vessel. Used in laboratory and manufacturing equipment.
   water-jacketed.  Having  a  water  jacket;  --  as,  a  water-jacketed
   condenser. -->

                                  Water joint

   Wa"ter  joint`  (?).  (Arch.)  A  joint  in a stone pavement where the
   stones  are  left  slightly  higher  than  elsewhere,  the rest of the
   surface  being  sunken  or  dished.  The raised surface is intended to
   prevent the settling of water in the joints.

                                 Water junket

   Wa"ter jun"ket (?). (Zo\'94l.) The common sandpiper.


   Wa"ter-laid` (?), a. Having a left-hand twist; -- said of cordage; as,
   a water-laid, or left-hand, rope.

                           Waterlander, Waterlandian

   Wa`ter*land"er  (?),  Wa`ter*land"i*an  (?)  n. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a
   body  of  Dutch  Anabaptists  who separated from the Mennonites in the
   sixteenth  century;  --  so  called  from  a district in North Holland
   denominated Waterland.

                                Water laverock

   Wa"ter la"ver*ock (?). (Zo\'94l.) The common sandpiper.


   Wa"ter*leaf`   (?),   n.  (Bot.)  Any  plant  of  the  American  genus
   Hydrophyllum,  herbs  having  white  or pale blue bell-shaped flowers.

                                   Water leg

   Wa"ter leg` (?). (Steam Boilers) See Leg, 7.

                                  Water lemon

   Wa"ter  lem"on  (?). (Bot.) The edible fruit of two species of passion
   flower (Passiflora laurifolia, and P. maliformis); -- so called in the
   West Indies.


   Wa"ter*less, a. Destitute of water; dry. Chaucer.

                                 Water lettuce

   Wa"ter  let"tuce  (?). (Bot.) A plant (Pistia stratiotes) which floats
   on  tropical  waters,  and  forms  a  rosette  of spongy, wedge-shaped
   leaves. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).

                                  Water level

   Wa"ter lev"el (?).

   1. The level formed by the surface of still water.

   2. A kind of leveling instrument. See under Level, n.

                                  Water lily

   Wa"ter  lil`y  (?).  (Bot.)  A  blossom or plant of any species of the
   genus  Nymph\'91a,  distinguished  for  its  large floating leaves and
   beautiful flowers. See Nymph\'91a.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e na me is  ex tended to  va rious pl ants of other
     related  genera,  as  Nuphar,  Euryale,  Nelumbo, and Victoria. See
     Euryale, Lotus, and Victoria, 1.

                                  Water lime

   Wa"ter lime` (?). Hydraulic lime.

                                  Water line

   Wa"ter line` (?).

   1.  (Shipbuilding)  Any  one  of  certain lines of a vessel, model, or
   plan,  parallel  with the surface of the water at various heights from
   the keel.

     NOTE: &hand; In  a  ha lf-breadth plan, the water lines are outward
     curves  showing  the  horizontal  form of the ship at their several
     heights; in a sheer plan, they are projected as straight horizontal

   2.  (Naut.)  Any  one  of  several  lines marked upon the outside of a
   vessel, corresponding with the surface of the water when she is afloat
   on  an  even  keel.  The  lowest  line  indicates  the vessel's proper
   submergence  when  not loaded, and is called the light water line; the
   highest,  called the load water line, indicates her proper submergence
   when loaded.
   Water-line  model (Shipbuilding), a model of a vessel formed of boards
   which  are  shaped  according to the water lines as shown in the plans
   and laid upon each other to form a solid model.

                                 Water lizard

   Wa"ter  liz"ard  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  aquatic  lizard  of  the genus
   Varanus, as the monitor of the Nile. See Monitor, n., 3.

                                 Water locust

   Wa"ter  lo"cust  (?).  (Bot.)  A  thorny  leguminous tree (Gleditschia
   monosperma) which grows in the swamps of the Mississippi valley.


   Wa"ter-logged  (?),  a.  Filled  or  saturated  with water so as to be
   heavy,  unmanageable,  or  loglike;  --  said  of  a  vessel, when, by
   receiving  a  great quantity of water into her hold, she has become so
   heavy as not to be manageable by the helm.


   Wa"ter*man, n.; pl. Watermen (.

   1.  A  man  who  plies  for  hire  on  rivers, lakes, or canals, or in
   harbors, in distinction from a seaman who is engaged on the high seas;
   a man who manages fresh-water craft; a boatman; a ferryman.

   2. An attendant on cab stands, etc., who supplies water to the horses.
   [Eng.] Dickens.

   3. A water demon. Tylor.


   Wa"ter*mark` (?), n.

   1.  A mark indicating the height to which water has risen, or at which
   it has stood; the usual limit of high or low water.

   2.  A  letter,  device,  or  the  like,  wrought into paper during the
   process of manufacture.

     NOTE: &hand; "T he wa termark in  pa per is produced by bending the
     wires  of the mold, or by wires bent into the shape of the required
     letter  or  device, and sewed to the surface of the mold; -- it has
     the  effect  of  making the paper thinner in places. The old makers
     employed watermarks of an eccentric kind. Those of Caxton and other
     early  printers  were  an oxhead and star, a collared dog's head, a
     crown,  a shield, a jug, etc. A fool's cap and bells, employed as a
     watermark,  gave the name to foolscap paper; a postman's horn, such
     as was formerly in use, gave the name to post paper." Tomlinson.

   3. (Naut.) See Water line, 2. [R.]

                                 Water meadow

   Wa"ter  mead"ow  (?).  (Agric.)  A meadow, or piece of low, flat land,
   capable of being kept in a state of fertility by being overflowed with
   water from some adjoining river or stream.

                                 Water measure

   Wa"ter  meas"ure  (?). A measure formerly used for articles brought by
   water,  as  coals,  oysters,  etc.  The water-measure bushel was three
   gallons larger than the Winchester bushel. Cowell.

                                Water measurer

   Wa"ter  meas"ur*er  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of numerous species of
   water; the skater. See Skater, n., 2.


   Wa"ter*mel`on (?), n. (Bot.) The very large ovoid or roundish fruit of
   a  cucurbitaceous  plant (Citrullus vulgaris) of many varieties; also,
   the  plant itself. The fruit sometimes weighs many pounds; its pulp is
   usually  pink  in  color,  and  full  of a sweet watery juice. It is a
   native  of  tropical  Africa, but is now cultivated in many countries.
   See Illust. of Melon.

                                  Water meter

   Wa"ter  me"ter  (?).  A  contrivance  for  measuring a supply of water
   delivered or received for any purpose, as from a street main.

                                 Water milfoil

   Wa"ter  mil"foil  (?).  (Bot.)  Any  plant  of the genus Myriophyllum,
   aquatic herbs with whorled leaves, the submersed ones pinnately parted
   into capillary divisions.

                                  Water mill

   Wa"ter  mill`  (?).  A  mill  whose  machinery  is  moved by water; --
   distinguished from a windmill, and a steam mill.

                                  Water mint

   Wa"ter  mint`  (?).  A  kind  of mint (Mentha aquatica) growing in wet
   places, and sometimes having a perfume resembling bergamot.

                                  Water mite

   Wa"ter  mite` (?). (Zo\'94l.) Any of numerous species of aquatic mites
   belonging to Hydrachna and allied genera of the family Hydrachnid\'91,
   usually  having  the  legs  fringed and adapted for swimming. They are
   often  red or red and black in color, and while young are parasites of
   fresh-water  insects  and  mussels.  Called also water tick, and water

   Page 1633

                                Water moccasin

   Wa"ter  moc"ca*sin  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  A  venomous North American snake
   (Ancistrodon  piscivorus) allied to the rattlesnake but destitute of a
   rattle.  It  lives  in  or about pools and ponds, and feeds largely of
   fishes.  Called  also water snake, water adder, water viper.<-- called
   also   cottonmouth,   cottonmouth   moccasin,  and  cottonmouth  water
   moccasin. -->

                                  Water mole

   Wa"ter  mole` (?). (Zo\'94l.) (a) The shrew mole. See under Shrew. (b)
   The duck mole. See under Duck.

                                 Water monitor

   Wa"ter  mon"i*tor  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  A  very  large  lizard  (Varanaus
   salvator)  native  of  India.  It frequents the borders of streams and
   swims  actively.  It  becomes  five  or  six  feet  long.  Called also
   two-banded  monitor, and kabaragoya. The name is also applied to other
   aquatic monitors.

                                  Water motor

   Wa"ter mo"tor (?).

   1. A water engine.

   2. A water wheel; especially, a small water wheel driven by water from
   a street main.

                                  Water mouse

   Wa"ter  mouse`  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of several species of mice
   belonging  to  the  genus  Hydromys, native of Australia and Tasmania.
   Their  hind legs are strong and their toes partially webbed. They live
   on the borders of streams, and swim well. They are remarkable as being
   the only rodents found in Australia.

                                 Water murrain

   Wa"ter mur"rain (?). A kind of murrain affecting cattle. Crabb.

                                  Water newt

   Wa"ter  newt`  (?).  (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of aquatic
   salamanders; a triton.

                                  Water nymph

   Wa"ter nymph` (?).

   1. (Myth.) A goddess of any stream or other body of water, whether one
   of the Naiads, Nereids, or Oceanides.

   2. (Bot.) A water lily (Nymph\'91a).

                                   Water oat

   Wa"ter oat` (?). Indian rice. See under Rice.

                                 Water opossum

   Wa"ter  o*pos"sum  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  See  Yapock,  and  the Note under

                                 Water ordeal

   Wa"ter  or"de*al  (?).  Same  as  Ordeal  by water. See the Note under
   Ordeal, n., 1.

                           Water ousel, Water ouzel

   Wa"ter  ou"sel  (?),  Wa"ter  ou"zel.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one of several
   species   of   small  insessorial  birds  of  the  genus  Cinclus  (or
   Hydrobates),  especially  the European water ousel (C. aquaticus), and
   the  American  water  ousel (C. Mexicanus). These birds live about the
   water,  and  are  in  the  habit  of  walking on the bottom of streams
   beneath the water in search of food.

                                 Water parsnip

   Wa"ter  pars"nip  (?).  (Bot.)  Any plant of the aquatic umbelliferous
   genus Sium, poisonous herbs with pinnate or dissected leaves and small
   white flowers.

                                Water partridge

   Wa"ter par"tridge (?). (Zo\'94l.) The ruddy duck. [Local, U. S.]

                                Water pennywort

   Wa"ter pen"ny*wort` (?). (Bot.) Marsh pennywort. See under Marsh.

                                 Water pepper

   Wa"ter pep"per (?). (Bot.) (a) Smartweed. (b) Waterwort.

                                Water pheasant

   Wa"ter  pheas"ant (?). (Zo\'94l.) (a) The pintail. See Pintail, n., 1.
   (b) The goosander. (c) The hooded merganser.

                                  Water piet

   Wa"ter pi"et (?). (Zo\'94l.) The water ousel.

                                   Water pig

   Wa"ter pig` (?).

   1. (Zo\'94l.) The capybara.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The gourami.

                                 Water pillar

   Wa"ter pil"lar (?). A waterspout. [Obs.]

                                Water pimpernel

   Wa"ter   pim"per*nel   (?).   (Bot.)  A  small  white-flowered  shrub;

                                  Water pipe

   Wa"ter pipe (?). A pipe for conveying water.

                                 Water pitcher

   Wa"ter pitch"er (?).

   1. A pitcher for water.

   2.  (Bot.) One of a family of plants having pitcher-shaped leaves. The
   sidesaddle flower (Sarracenia purpurea) is the type.

                                  Water plant

   Wa"ter plant` (?). A plant that grows in water; an aquatic plant.

                                Water plantain

   Wa"ter  plan"tain  (?).  (Bot.) A kind of plant with acrid leaves. See
   under 2d Plantain.

                                  Water plate

   Wa"ter  plate`  (?). A plate heated by hot water contained in a double
   bottom or jacket. Knight.

                                   Water poa

   Wa"ter po"a (?). (Bot.) Meadow reed grass. See under Reed.

                                  Water poise

   Wa"ter poise` (?). A hydrometer.

                                  Water pore

   Wa"ter pore` (?)

   1. (Zo\'94l.) A pore by which the water tubes of various invertebrates
   open externally.

   2.  (Bot.)  One  of certain minute pores in the leaves of some plants.
   They  are  without  true guardian cells, but in other respects closely
   resemble ordinary stomata. Goodale.


   Wa"ter*pot`  (?),  n.  A vessel for holding or conveying water, or for
   sprinkling water on cloth, plants, etc.

                                  Water power

   Wa"ter pow"er (?).

   1. The power of water employed to move machinery, etc.

   2.  A fall of water which may be used to drive machinery; a site for a
   water mill; a water privilege.

                                   Water pox

   Wa"ter  pox`  (?).  (Med.)  A  variety  of  chicken pox, or varicella.

                                Water privilege

   Wa"ter  priv"i*lege  (?). The advantage of using water as a mechanical
   power;  also,  the place where water is, or may be, so used. See under


   Wa"ter*proof`  (?),  a.  Proof  against  penetration  or permeation by
   water;  impervious  to  water;  as, a waterproof garment; a waterproof


   Wa"ter*proof`, n.

   1.  A  substance  or  preparation  for rendering cloth, leather, etc.,
   impervious to water.

   2.  Cloth  made  waterproof,  or any article made of such cloth, or of
   other  waterproof  material, as rubber; esp., an outer garment made of
   such material.


   Wa"ter*proof`  (?),  v.  t.  To  render impervious to water, as cloth,
   leather, etc.


   Wa"ter*proof`ing, n.

   1. The act or process of making waterproof.

   2. Same as Waterproof, n., 1.

                                Water purslane

   Wa"ter purs"lane (?). (Bot.) See under Purslane.

                                  Water qualm

   Wa"ter qualm` (?). (Med.) See Water brash, under Brash.

                                 Water rabbit

   Wa"ter rab"bit (?). (Zo\'94l.) See Water hare.

                                 Water radish

   Wa"ter  rad"ish (?). (Bot.) A coarse yellow-flowered plant (Nasturtium
   amphibium) related to the water cress and to the horse-radish.

                                  Water rail

   Wa"ter  rail`  (?). (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of rails of
   the  genus  Rallus, as the common European species (Rallus aquaticus).
   See Illust. of Rail.

                                   Water ram

   Wa"ter ram` (?). An hydraulic ram.

                                   Water rat

   Wa"ter rat` (?).

   1. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The water vole. See under Vole. (b) The muskrat. (c)
   The beaver rat. See under Beaver.

   2. A thief on the water; a pirate.

                                  Water rate

   Wa"ter rate` (?). A rate or tax for a supply of water.

                          Water rattle. Water rattler

   Wa"ter  rat"tle  (?).  Wa"ter  rat"tler  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  The diamond
   rattlesnake  (Crotalus  adamanteus);  -- so called from its preference
   for damp places near water.


   Wa"ter-ret`  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Water-retted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Water-retting.] To ret, or rot, in water, as flax; to water-rot.

                                  Water rice

   Wa"ter rice" (?). Indian rice. See under Rice.

                                 Water rocket

   Wa"ter rock"et (?).

   1. (Bot.) A cruciferous plant (Nasturtium sylvestre) with small yellow

   2. A kind of firework to be discharged in the water.


   Wa"ter-rot`  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Water-rotted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Water-rotting.]  To  rot  by  steeping  in water; to water-ret; as, to
   water-rot hemp or flax.

                                  Water sail

   Wa"ter  sail` (?). (Naut.) A small sail sometimes set under a studding
   sail or under a driver boom, and reaching nearly to the water.

                                Water sapphire

   Wa"ter  sap"phire (?). [Equiv. to F. saphir d'eau.] (Min.) A deep blue
   variety  of  iolite,  sometimes  used  as a gem; -- called also saphir


   Wa"ter*scape"  (?),  n.  [Cf. Landscape.] A sea view; -- distinguished
   from landscape. [Jocose] <-- painting. --> Fairholt.

                                Water scorpion

   Wa"ter scor"pi*on (?). (Zo\'94l.) See Nepa.

                                  Water screw

   Wa"ter screw` (?). A screw propeller.


   Wa"ter*shed`  (?),  n. [Cf. G. wasserscheide; wasser water + scheide a
   place where two things separate, fr. scheiden to separate.]

   1.  The  whole  region  or  extent of country which contributes to the
   supply of a river or lake.

   2.  The  line  of  division  between two adjacent rivers or lakes with
   respect  to  the  flow  of  water  by  natural channels into them; the
   natural boundary of a basin.

                                 Water shield

   Wa"ter  shield`  (?).  (Bot.)  An  aquatic  American  plant  (Brasenia
   peltata)  having  floating  oval  leaves, and the covered with a clear


   Wa"ter*shoot` (?), n.

   1. A sprig or shoot from the root or stock of a tree. [Obs.]

   2.  (Arch.)  That  which serves to guard from falling water; a drip or

   3. A trough for discharging water.

                                  Water shrew

   Wa"ter  shrew`  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of several species of shrews
   having  fringed  feet and capable of swimming actively. The two common
   European  species  (Crossopus  fodiens,  and C. ciliatus) are the best
   known.  The most common American water shrew, or marsh shrew (Neosorex
   palustris), is rarely seen, owing to its nocturnal habits.

                                  Water snail

   Wa"ter snail` (?).

   1.  (Zo\'94l.) Any aquatic pulmonate gastropod belonging to Planorbis,
   Limn\'91a, and allied genera; a pond snail.

   2. (Mech.) The Archimedean screw. [R.]

                                  Water snake

   Wa"ter  snake`  (?).  (Zo\'94l.) (a) A common North American colubrine
   snake (Tropidonotus sipedon) which lives chiefly in the water. (b) Any
   species  of  snakes  of  the  family  Homalopsid\'91, all of which are
   aquatic in their habits.


   Wa"ter-soak` (?), v. t. To soak water; to fill the interstices of with

                                 Water soldier

   Wa"ter  sol`dier  (?).  (Bot.)  An  aquatic European plant (Stratiotes
   aloides) with bayonet-shaped leaves.

                                 Water souchy

   Wa"ter  souch`y  (?). (Cookery) A dish consisting of small fish stewed
   and  served  in  a  little  water.  [Written  also water souchet.] See

                                 Water spaniel

   Wa"ter  span"iel (?). A curly-haired breed of spaniels, naturally very
   fond of the water.

                                 Water sparrow

   Wa"ter spar"row (?). (Zo\'94l.) (a) The reed warbler. [Prov. Eng.] (b)
   The reed bunting. [Prov. Eng.]

                                Water speedwell

   Wa"ter speed"well (?). (Bot.) A kind of speedwell (Veronica Anagallis)
   found in wet places in Europe and America.

                                 Water spider

   Wa"ter   spi"der  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  An  aquatic  European  spider
   (Argyoneta  aquatica)  which constructs its web beneath the surface of
   the  water  on  water  plants.  It lives in a bell-shaped structure of
   silk,  open  beneath like a diving bell, and filled with air which the
   spider  carries  down  in  the form of small bubbles attached one at a
   time to the spinnerets and hind feet. Called also diving spider. (b) A
   water  mite.  (c)  Any  spider  that  habitually lives on or about the
   water,  especially  the large American species (Dolomedes lanceolatus)
   which  runs  rapidly  on  the  surface  of  water; -- called also raft

                                 Water spinner

   Wa"ter spin`ner (?). (Zo\'94l.) The water spider.


   Wa"ter*spout`  (?),  n. A remarkable meteorological phenomenon, of the
   nature  of  a tornado or whirlwind, usually observed over the sea, but
   sometimes over the land.

     NOTE: &hand; Ta ll co lumns, apparently of cloud, and reaching from
     the  sea  to  the  clouds,  are seen moving along, often several at
     once,  sometimes straight and vertical, at other times inclined and
     tortuous,  but always in rapid rotation. At their bases, the sea is
     violently  agitated and heaped up with a leaping or boiling motion,
     water,  at  least  in  some  cases,  being  actually  carried up in
     considerable  quantity, and scattered round from a great height, as
     solid bodies are by tornadoes on land. Sir J. Herschel.

                                 Water sprite

   Wa"ter  sprite`  (?).  A sprite, or spirit, imagined as inhabiting the
   water. J. R. Drake.


   Wa"ter-stand`ing   (?),   a.   Tear-filled.  [R.]  "Many  an  orphan's
   water-standing eye." Shak.

                               Water star grass

   Wa"ter  star" grass` (?). (Bot.) An aquatic plant (Schollera graminea)
   with grassy leaves, and yellow star-shaped blossoms.

                                Water starwort

   Wa"ter star"wort` (?). See under Starwort.

                                 Water supply

   Wa"ter sup*ply" (?). A supply of water; specifically, water collected,
   as  in reservoirs, and conveyed, as by pipes, for use in a city, mill,
   or the like.

                                  Water tabby

   Wa"ter tab"by (?). A kind of waved or watered tabby. See Tabby, n., 1.

                                  Water table

   Wa"ter ta"ble (?). (Arch.) A molding, or other projection, in the wall
   of a building, to throw off the water, -- generally used in the United
   States for the first table above the surface of the ground (see Table,
   n.,  9),  that  is, for the table at the top of the foundation and the
   beginning of the upper wall.


   Wa"ter*tath` (?), n. [Water + tath, n.] A kind of coarse grass growing
   in wet grounds, and supposed to be injurious to sheep. [Prov. Eng.]

                               Water thermometer

   Wa"ter  ther*mom"e*ter  (?). (Physics) A thermometer filled with water
   instead  of mercury, for ascertaining the precise temperature at which
   water  attains  its  maximum  density.  This is about 39 Fahr., or 4
   Centigrade;  and  from that point down to 32 Fahr., or 0 Centigrade,
   or the freezing point, it expands.

                                  Water thief

   Wa"ter thief` (?). A pirate. [R.] Shak.

                                 Water thrush

   Wa"ter  thrush` (?). (Zo\'94l.) (a) A North American bird of the genus
   Seiurus,  belonging  to  the  Warbler  family,  especially  the common
   species  (S.  Noveboracensis).  (b)  The European water ousel. (b) The
   pied wagtail.

                                  Water thyme

   Wa"ter thyme` (?). (Bot.) See Anacharis.

                                  Water tick

   Wa"ter tick` (?). Same as Water mite.

                                  Water tiger

   Wa"ter  ti"ger  (?). (Zo\'94l.) A diving, or water, beetle, especially
   the larva of a water beetle. See Illust. b of Water beetle.


   Wa"ter-tight`  (?),  a. So tight as to retain, or not to admit, water;
   not leaky.

                                  Water torch

   Wa"ter  torch`  (?). (Bot.) The common cat-tail (Typha latifolia), the
   spike of which makes a good torch soaked in oil. Dr. Prior.

                                  Water tower

   Wa"ter  tow"er  (?). A large metal pipe made to be extended vertically
   by  sections,  and  used for discharging water upon burning buildings.
   <-- 2. A tall water storage tank in the shape of a tower. -->

                                  Water tree

   Wa"ter  tree`  (?).  (Bot.)  A climbing shrub (Tetracera alnifolia, OR
   potatoria)  of  Western  Africa, which pours out a watery sap from the
   freshly cut stems.

                                 Water trefoil

   Wa"ter tre"foil` (?). (Bot.) The buck bean.

                                  Water tube

   Wa"ter  tube`  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of a system of tubular excretory
   organs having external openings, found in many invertebrates. They are
   believed  to  be  analogous in function to the kidneys of vertebrates.
   See Illust. under Trematodea, and Sporocyst.

                                 Water tupelo

   Wa"ter tu"pe*lo (?). (Bot.) A species of large tupelo (Nyssa aquatica)
   growing  in  swamps in the southern of the United States. See Ogeechee

                                 Water turkey

   Wa"ter tur"key (?). (Zo\'94l.) The American snakebird. See Snakebird.

                              Water tu tuy\'8are

   Wa"ter  tu tu`y\'8are" (?). A tuy\'8are kept cool by water circulating
   within a casing. It is used for hot blast.

                                Water tu twist

   Wa"ter tu twist` (?). Yarn made by the throstle, or water frame.

   Page 1634

                                  Water vine

   Wa"ter  vine`  (?). (Bot.) Any plant of the genus Phytocrene, climbing
   shrubs  of  Asia and Africa, the stems of which are singularly porous,
   and when cut stream with a limpid potable juice.

                                 Water violet

   Wa"ter vi"o*let (?). (Bot.) See under Violet.

                                  Water viper

   Wa"ter vi"per (?). (Zo\'94l.) See Water moccasin.

                                  Water vole

   Wa"ter vole` (?). (Zo\'94l.) See under Vole.

                                 Water wagtail

   Wa"ter wag"tail` (?). See under Wagtail.


   Wa"ter*way`  (?),  n. (Naut.) Heavy plank or timber extending fore and
   aft  the  whole length of a vessel's deck at the line of junction with
   the  sides,  forming  a channel to the scuppers, which are cut through
   it. In iron vessels the waterway is variously constructed.

                                   Water way

   Wa"ter way`. Same as Water course.


   Wa"ter*weed` (?), n. (Bot.) See Anacharis.

                                  Water wheel

   Wa"ter wheel` (?).

   1.  Any  wheel for propelling machinery or for other purposes, that is
   made  to  rotate  by the direct action of water; -- called an overshot
   wheel when the water is applied at the top, an undershot wheel when at
   the  bottom, a breast wheel when at an intermediate point; other forms
   are called reaction wheel, vortex wheel, turbine wheel, etc.

   2. The paddle wheel of a steam vessel.

   3. A wheel for raising water; a noria, or the like.

                                 Water willow

   Wa"ter  wil`low  (?).  (Bot.)  An  American  aquatic  plant (Dianthera
   Americana)  with  long willowlike leaves, and spikes of small purplish

                                  Water wing

   Wa"ter wing` (?). (Arch.) One of two walls built on either side of the
   junction of a bridge with the bank of a river, to protect the abutment
   of the bridge and the bank from the action of the current.

                                  Water witch

   Wa"ter witch` (?). (Zo\'94l.) (a) The dabchick. (b) The stormy petrel.
   [Prov. Eng.]


   Wa"ter-white`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  vinelike  plant (Vitis Carib\'91a)
   growing  in  parched  districts  in  the West Indies, and containing a
   great amount of sap which is sometimes used for quenching thirst.


   Wa"ter*work` (?), n.

   1.  (Paint.)  Painting  executed  in  size  or distemper, on canvas or
   walls,  --  formerly,  frequently  taking the place of tapestry. Shak.

   2.  An hydraulic apparatus, or a system of works or fixtures, by which
   a  supply  of  water  is  furnished for useful or ornamental purposes,
   including   dams,   sluices,  pumps,  aqueducts,  distributing  pipes,
   fountains,  etc.;  -- used chiefly in the plural. <-- Water works. The
   plant  and  equipment  used  to  purify  water  for drinking and other
   purposes, and to supply it to the mains of a town. -->


   Wa"ter*worn`  (?),  a.  Worn,  smoothed,  or polished by the action of
   water; as, waterworn stones.


   Wa"ter*wort`   (?),   n.   (Bot.)  Any  plant  of  the  natural  order
   Elatine\'91,  consisting  of  two genera (Elatine, and Bergia), mostly
   small  annual herbs growing in the edges of ponds. Some have a peppery
   or acrid taste.


   Wa"ter*y (?), a. [AS. w\'91terig.]

   1.  Of  or pertaining to water; consisting of water. "The watery god."
   Dryden. "Fish within their watery residence." Milton.

   2. Abounding with water; wet; hence, tearful.

   3.  Resembling  water;  thin  or  transparent, as a liquid; as, watery

     The oily and watery parts of the aliment. Arbuthnot.

   4.  Hence,  abounding in thin, tasteless, or insipid fluid; tasteless;
   insipid; vapid; spiritless.


   Watt  (?), n. [From the distinguished mechanician and scientist, James
   Watt.] (Physics) A unit of power or activity equal to 107 C.G.S. units
   of  power,  or  to  work  done  at  the rate of one joule a second. An
   English horse power is approximately equal to 746 watts.


   Watt"me`ter  (?),  n.  [Watt  +  meter.]  (Physics)  An instrument for
   measuring  power  in watts, -- much used in measuring the energy of an
   electric current.


   Wat"tle  (?),  n.  [AS. watel, watul, watol, hurdle, covering, wattle;
   cf. OE. watel a bag. Cf. Wallet.]

   1. A twig or flexible rod; hence, a hurdle made of such rods.

     And  there  he  built  with  wattles from the marsh A little lonely
     church in days of yore. Tennyson.

   2. A rod laid on a roof to support the thatch.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  naked  fleshy, and usually wrinkled and highly
   colored, process of the skin hanging from the chin or throat of a bird
   or reptile. (b) Barbel of a fish.

   4.  (a)  The  astringent bark of several Australian trees of the genus
   Acacia,  used  in  tanning; -- called also wattle bark. (b) (Bot.) The
   trees  from  which  the  bark  is  obtained. See Savanna wattle, under
   Wattle turkey. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Brush turkey.


   Wat"tle,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Wattled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wattling

   1. To bind with twigs.

   2.  To  twist  or  interweave,  one  with another, as twigs; to form a
   network with; to plat; as, to wattle branches.

   3. To form, by interweaving or platting twigs.

     The folded flocks, penned in their wattled cotes. Milton.


   Wat"tle*bird` (?), n.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species of honey eaters belonging to
   Anthoch\'91ra  and  allied  genera of the family Meliphagid\'91. These
   birds  usually  have  a  large  and  conspicuous  wattle of naked skin
   hanging  down  below  each  ear.  They  are  natives  of Australia and
   adjacent islands.

     NOTE: &hand; The best-known species (Anthoch\'91ra carunculata) has
     the upper parts grayish brown, with a white stripe on each feather,
     and  the  wing  and tail quills dark brown or blackish, tipped with
     withe.  Its  wattles,  in  life,  are  light blood-red. Called also
     wattled  crow,  wattled  bee-eater,  wattled  honey  eater. Another
     species  (A.  inauris) is streaked with black, gray, and white, and
     its   long   wattles  are  white,  tipped  with  orange.  The  bush
     wattlebirds, belonging to the genus Anellobia, are closely related,
     but   lack   conspicuous  wattles.  The  most  common  species  (A.
     mellivora)  is  dark brown, finely streaked with white. Called also
     goruck creeper.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The Australian brush turkey.


   Wat"tled  (?),  a. Furnished with wattles, or pendent fleshy processes
   at the chin or throat.

     The wattled cocks strut to and fro. Longfellow.


   Wat"tling  (?),  n.  The  act  or  process of binding or platting with
   twigs; also, the network so formed.

     Made with a wattling of canes or sticks. Dampier.

                                Waucht, Waught

   Waucht,  Waught  (?),  n.  [Cf. Quaff.] A large draught of any liquid.
   [Scot.] Jamieson.


   Waul  (?), v. i. [Of imitative origin.] To cry as a cat; to squall; to
   wail. [Written also wawl.]

     The  helpless infant, coming wauling and crying into the world. Sir
     W. Scott.


   Waur (?), a. [See Worse.] Worse. [Scot.]

     Murder and waur than number. Sir W. Scott.


   Wave (?), v. t. See Wave. Sir H. Wotton. Burke.


   Wave,  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Waved (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Waving.] [OE.
   waven,  AS.  wafian to waver, to hesitate, to wonder; akin to w\'91fre
   wavering,  restless, MHG. wabern to be in motion, Icel. vafra to hover
   about; cf. Icel. v\'befa to vibrate. Cf. Waft, Waver.]

   1.  To  play  loosely;  to move like a wave, one way and the other; to
   float; to flutter; to undulate.

     His purple robes waved careless to the winds. Trumbull.

     Where the flags of three nations has successively waved. Hawthorne.

   2. To be moved to and fro as a signal. B. Jonson.

   3.  To fluctuate; to waver; to be in an unsettled state; to vacillate.

     He  waved  indifferently  'twixt  doing them neither good nor harm.


   Wave, v. t.

   1.  To  move one way and the other; to brandish. "[\'92neas] waved his
   fatal sword." Dryden.

   2. To raise into inequalities of surface; to give an undulating form a
   surface to.

     Horns whelked and waved like the enridged sea. Shak.

   3. To move like a wave, or by floating; to waft. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

   4.  To  call  attention  to,  or  give a direction or command to, by a
   waving  motion,  as  of  the hand; to signify by waving; to beckon; to
   signal; to indicate.

     Look,  with  what  courteous  action It waves you to a more removed
     ground. Shak.

     She spoke, and bowing waved Dismissal. Tennyson.


   Wave, n. [From Wave, v.; not the same word as OE. wawe, waghe, a wave,
   which is akin to E. wag to move. Wave, v. i.]

   1.  An  advancing ridge or swell on the surface of a liquid, as of the
   sea,  resulting from the oscillatory motion of the particles composing
   it when disturbed by any force their position of rest; an undulation.

     The wave behind impels the wave before. Pope.

   2.  (Physics) A vibration propagated from particle to particle through
   a  body  or  elastic  medium,  as  in  the  transmission  of sound; an
   assemblage  of  vibrating molecules in all phases of a vibration, with
   no phase repeated; a wave of vibration; an undulation. See Undulation.

   3.  Water;  a  body of water. [Poetic] "Deep drank Lord Marmion of the
   wave." Sir W. Scott.

     Build  a  ship to save thee from the flood, I 'll furnish thee with
     fresh wave, bread, and wine. Chapman.

   4. Unevenness; inequality of surface. Sir I. Newton.

   5. A waving or undulating motion; a signal made with the hand, a flag,

   6.  The  undulating  line  or  streak  of  luster on cloth watered, or
   calendered, or on damask steel.

   7.  Fig.:  A  swelling or excitement of thought, feeling, or energy; a
   tide; as, waves of enthusiasm.
   Wave  front  (Physics),  the  surface  of  initial displacement of the
   particles in a medium, as a wave of vibration advances. -- Wave length
   (Physics),  the  space,  reckoned  in  the  direction  of propagation,
   occupied  by  a complete wave or undulation, as of light, sound, etc.;
   the  distance  from a point or phase in a wave to the nearest point at
   which  the same phase occurs. -- Wave line (Shipbuilding), a line of a
   vessel's  hull,  shaped  in  accordance  with the wave-line system. --
   Wave-line  system, Wave-line theory (Shipbuilding), a system or theory
   of designing the lines of a vessel, which takes into consideration the
   length  and  shape of a wave which travels at a certain speed. -- Wave
   loaf,  a  loaf  for  a  wave  offering.  Lev.  viii.  27. -- Wave moth
   (Zo\'94l.),  any  one  of  numerous  species  of small geometrid moths
   belonging  to  Acidalia  and  allied  genera;  --  so  called from the
   wavelike  color  markings  on the wings. -- Wave offering, an offering
   made  in the Jewish services by waving the object, as a loaf of bread,
   toward  the four cardinal points. Num. xviii. 11. -- Wave of vibration
   (Physics),  a  wave  which  consists  in,  or  is  occasioned  by, the
   production  and  transmission  of  a  vibratory state from particle to
   particle  through  a body. -- Wave surface. (a) (Physics) A surface of
   simultaneous  and equal displacement of the particles composing a wave
   of  vibration.  (b) (Geom.) A mathematical surface of the fourth order
   which,  upon  certain  hypotheses,  is  the locus of a wave surface of
   light  in  the  interior  of  crystals.  It  is used in explaining the
   phenomena  of double refraction. See under Refraction. -- Wave theory.
   (Physics) See Undulatory theory, under Undulatory.


   Waved (?), a.

   1.  Exhibiting a wavelike form or outline; undulating; intended; wavy;
   as, waved edge.

   2.  Having a wavelike appearance; marked with wavelike lines of color;
   as, waved, or watered, silk.

   3.  (Her.)  Having undulations like waves; -- said of one of the lines
   in heraldry which serve as outlines to the ordinaries, etc.


   Wave"less  (?), a. Free from waves; undisturbed; not agitated; as, the
   waveless sea.


   Wave"let (?), n. A little wave; a ripple.


   Wa"vel*lite  (?),  n.  [After Dr. Wm. Wavel, the discoverer.] (Min.) A
   hydrous  phosphate  of  alumina,  occurring  usually  in hemispherical
   radiated forms varying in color from white to yellow, green, or black.


   Wa"ver  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Wavered  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Wavering.]  [OE.  waveren,  from  AS. w\'91fre wavering, restless. See
   Wave, v. i.]

   1.  To  play or move to and fro; to move one way and the other; hence,
   to totter; to reel; to swing; to flutter.

     With banners and pennons wavering with the wind. Ld. Berners.

     Thou  wouldst  waver  on one of these trees as a terror to all evil
     speakers against dignities. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  To  be  unsettled in opinion; to vacillate; to be undetermined; to
   fluctuate; as, to water in judgment.

     Let us hold fast . . . without wavering. Heb. x. 23.

     In  feeble hearts, propense enough before To waver, or fall off and
     join with idols. Milton.

   Syn. -- To reel; totter; vacillate. See Fluctuate.


   Wa"ver,  n.  [From  Wave,  or  Waver, v.] A sapling left standing in a
   fallen wood. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Wa"ver*er  (?),  n.  One who wavers; one who is unsettled in doctrine,
   faith, opinion, or the like. Shak.


   Wa"ver*ing*ly, adv. In a wavering manner.


   Wa"ver*ing*ness, n. The quality or state of wavering.


   Wave"son  (?),  n. [From Wave; cf. Jetsam.] (O. Eng. Law) Goods which,
   after shipwreck, appear floating on the waves, or sea.


   Wave"*worn` (?), a. Worn by the waves.

     The shore that o'er his wave-worn basis bowed. Shak.


   Wa"vey (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The snow goose. [Canadian, & Local U. S.]


   Wav"i*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being wavy.


   Wav"ure (?), n. See Waivure. [R.]


   Wav"y (?), a.

   1.  Rising  or  swelling  in  waves;  full  of waves. "The wavy seas."

   2. Playing to and fro; undulating; as, wavy flames.

     Let her glad valleys smile with wavy corn. Prior.

   3. (Bot.) Undulating on the border or surface; waved.


   Wa*was"keesh  (?), n. [From an Indian name.] (Zo\'94l.) The wapiti, or
   wapiti, or American elk.


   Wave (?), n. [See Woe.] Woe. [Obs.]


   Wawe  (?), n. [OE. wawe, waghe; cf. Icel. v\'begr; akin to E. wag; not
   the same word as wave.] A wave. [Obs.] Chaucer. Spenser.


   Wawl (?), v. i. See Waul. Shak.


   Wax  (?), v. i. [imp. Waxed (?); p. p. Waxed, and Obs. or Poetic Waxen
   (;  p.  pr.  &  vb.  n. Waxing.] [AS. weaxan; akin to OFries. waxa, D.
   wassen,  OS.  & OHG. wahsan, G. wachsen, Icel. vaxa, Sw. v\'84xa, Dan.
   voxe, Goth. wahsjan, Gr. waksh, uksh, to grow. Waist.]

   1. To increase in size; to grow bigger; to become larger or fuller; --
   opposed to wane.

     The waxing and the waning of the moon. Hakewill.

     Truth's treasures . . . never shall wax ne wane. P. Plowman.

   2.  To  pass from one state to another; to become; to grow; as, to wax
   strong;  to  wax  warmer  or colder; to wax feeble; to wax old; to wax
   worse and worse.

     Your clothes are not waxen old upon you. Deut. xxix. 5.

     Where  young  Adonis  oft  reposes,  Waxing well of his deep wound.

   Waxing  kernels  (Med.), small tumors formed by the enlargement of the
   lymphatic  glands,  especially in the groins of children; -- popularly
   so  called,  because  supposed  to  be  caused  by growth of the body.


   Wax,  n.  [AS. weax; akin to OFries. wax, D. was, G. wachs, OHG. wahs,
   Icel. & Sw. vax, Dan. vox, Lith. vaszkas, Russ. vosk'.]

   1. A fatty, solid substance, produced by bees, and employed by them in
   the construction of their comb; -- usually called beeswax. It is first
   excreted,  from  a  row  of  pouches along their sides, in the form of
   scales, which, being masticated and mixed with saliva, become whitened
   and tenacious. Its natural color is pale or dull yellow.

     NOTE: &hand; Be  eswax co  nsists es  sentially of   ce rotic ac id
     (constituting  the  more  soluble  part)  and  of myricyl palmitate
     (constituting the less soluble part).

   2.   Hence,   any  substance  resembling  beeswax  in  consistency  or
   appearance.  Specifically:  --  (a) (Physiol.) Cerumen, or earwax. See
   Cerumen.  (b)  A  waxlike  composition  used for uniting surfaces, for
   excluding  air, and for other purposes; as, sealing wax, grafting wax,
   etching  wax,  etc.  (c)  A waxlike composition used by shoemakers for
   rubbing  their  thread. (d) (Zo\'94l.) A substance similar to beeswax,
   secreted  by several species of scale insects, as the Chinese wax. See
   Wax  insect,  below.  (e) (Bot.) A waxlike product secreted by certain
   plants.  See  Vegetable  wax, under Vegetable. (f) (Min.) A substance,
   somewhat  resembling wax, found in connection with certain deposits of
   rock  salt  and  coal;  -- called also mineral wax, and ozocerite. (g)
   Thick  sirup made by boiling down the sap of the sugar maple, and then
   cooling. [Local U.S.]
   Japanese  wax,  a  waxlike substance made in Japan from the berries of
   certain  species  of  Rhus, esp. R. succedanea. -- Mineral wax. (Min.)
   See  Wax, 2 (f), above. -- Wax cloth. See Waxed cloth, under Waxed. --
   Wax  end. See Waxed end, under Waxed. -- Wax flower, a flower made of,
   or  resembling,  wax.  --  Wax  insect  (Zo\'94l.), any one of several
   species  of  scale  insects  belonging to the family Coccid\'91, which
   secrete  from their bodies a waxlike substance, especially the Chinese
   wax  insect  (Coccus  Sinensis)  from  which  a  large  amount  of the
   commercial  Chinese wax is obtained. Called also pela. -- Wax light, a
   candle  or  taper  of  wax.  --  Wax  moth  (Zo\'94l.), a pyralid moth
   (Galleria  cereana)  whose larv\'91 feed upon honeycomb, and construct
   silken  galleries  among  the fragments. The moth has dusky gray wings
   streaked  with brown near the outer edge. The larva is yellowish white
   with  brownish  dots.  Called also bee moth. -- Wax myrtle. (Bot.) See
   Bayberry.  --  Wax  painting,  a  kind  of  painting  practiced by the
   ancients,  under  the name of encaustic. The pigments were ground with
   wax,  and  diluted.  After  being applied, the wax was melted with hot
   irons  and  the color thus fixed. -- Wax palm. (Bot.) (a) A species of
   palm  (Ceroxylon  Andicola)  native of the Andes, the stem of which is
   covered with a secretion, consisting of two thirds resin and one third
   wax,  which, when melted with a third of fat, makes excellent candles.
   (b)  A  Brazilian tree (Copernicia cerifera) the young leaves of which
   are covered with a useful waxy secretion. -- Wax paper, paper prepared
   with  a  coating  of  white  wax  and  other ingredients. -- Wax plant
   (Bot.),  a  name given to several plants, as: (a) The Indian pipe (see
   under  Indian).  (b) The Hoya carnosa, a climbing plant with polished,
   fleshy leaves. (c) Certain species of Begonia with similar foliage. --
   Wax  tree  (Bot.) (a) A tree or shrub (Ligustrum lucidum) of China, on
   which  certain  insects make a thick deposit of a substance resembling
   white wax. (b) A kind of sumac (Rhus succedanea) of Japan, the berries
   of  which  yield  a  sort  of  wax.  (c) A rubiaceous tree (El\'91agia
   utilis) of New Grenada, called by the inhabitants "arbol del cera." --
   Wax yellow, a dull yellow, resembling the natural color of beeswax.

   Page 1635


   Wax  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Waxed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Waxing.] To
   smear  or  rub  with  wax; to treat with wax; as, to wax a thread or a
   table.  Waxed  cloth,  cloth  covered with a coating of wax, used as a
   cover,  of tables and for other purposes; -- called also wax cloth. --
   Waxed   end,  a  thread  pointed  with  a  bristle  and  covered  with
   shoemaker's  wax, used in sewing leather, as for boots, shoes, and the
   like; -- called also wax end. Brockett.


   Wax"ber`ry  (?), n. (Bot.) The wax-covered fruit of the wax myrtle, or
   bayberry. See Bayberry, and Candleberry tree.


   Wax"bill`  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of finchlike
   birds belonging to Estrelda and allied genera, native of Asia, Africa,
   and  Australia.  The bill is large, conical, and usually red in color,
   resembling  sealing wax. Several of the species are often kept as cage


   Wax"bird` (?), (Zo\'94l.) The waxwing.


   Wax"en (?), a.

   1.  Made  of wax. "The female bee, that . . . builds her waxen cells."

   2. Covered with wax; waxed; as, a waxen tablet.

   3. Resembling wax; waxy; hence, soft; yielding.

     Men have marble, women waxen, minds. Shak.

   Waxen chatterer (Zo\'94l.), the Bohemian chatterer.


   Wax"i*ness (?), n. Quality or state of being waxy.


   Wax"wing` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species of small birds
   of  the  genus  Ampelis,  in  which  some  of the secondary quills are
   usually  tipped with small horny ornaments resembling red sealing wax.
   The  Bohemian  waxwing  (see  under  Bohemian)  and the cedar bird are
   examples. Called also waxbird.


   Wax"work` (?), n.

   1.  Work made of wax; especially, a figure or figures formed or partly
   of wax, in imitation of real beings.

   2.  (Bot.) An American climbing shrub (Celastrus scandens). It bears a
   profusion  of  yellow  berrylike  pods,  which open in the autumn, and
   display the scarlet coverings of the seeds.


   Wax"work`er (?), n.

   1. One who works in wax; one who makes waxwork.

   2. A bee that makes or produces wax.


   Wax"y  (?),  a.  Resembling  wax in appearance or consistency; viscid;
   adhesive;  soft;  hence,  yielding;  pliable;  impressible.  "Waxy  to
   persuasion." Bp. Hall. Waxy degeneration (Med.), amyloid degeneration.
   See  under  Amyloid. -- Waxy kidney, Waxy liver, etc. (Med.), a kidney
   or liver affected by waxy degeneration.


   Way (?), adv. [Aphetic form of away.] Away. [Obs. or Archaic] Chaucer.
   To  do  way,  to  take  away;  to  remove. [Obs.] "Do way your hands."
   Chaucer.  --  To  make  way  with,  to make away with. See under Away.


   Way, n. [OE. wey, way, AS. weg; akin to OS., D., OHG., & G. weg, Icel.
   vegr, Sw. v\'84g, Dan. vei, Goth. wigs, L. via, and AS. wegan to move,
   L. vehere to carry, Skr. vah. &root;136. Cf. Convex, Inveigh, Vehicle,
   Vex, Via, Voyage, Wag, Wagon, Wee, Weigh.]

   1. That by, upon, or along, which one passes or processes; opportunity
   or  room  to  pass; place of passing; passage; road, street, track, or
   path  of  any kind; as, they built a way to the mine. "To find the way
   to heaven." Shak.

     I shall him seek by way and eke by street. Chaucer.

     The way seems difficult, and steep to scale. Milton.

     The  season and ways were very improper for his majesty's forces to
     march so great a distance. Evelyn.

   2. Length of space; distance; interval; as, a great way; a long way.

     And  whenever  the  way  seemed  long,  Or his heart began to fail.

   3. A moving; passage; procession; journey.

     I prythee, now, lead the way. Shak.

   4.  Course  or  direction  of  motion  or process; tendency of action;

     If that way be your walk, you have not far. Milton.

     And let eternal justice take the way. Dryden.

   5.   The   means   by  which  anything  is  reached,  or  anything  is
   accomplished; scheme; device; plan.

     My best way is to creep under his gaberdine. Shak.

     By noble ways we conquest will prepare. Dryden.

     What impious ways my wishes took! Prior.

   6.  Manner;  method;  mode;  fashion; style; as, the way of expressing
   one's ideas.

   7. Regular course; habitual method of life or action; plan of conduct;
   mode of dealing. "Having lost the way of nobleness." Sir. P. Sidney.

     Her  ways  are  ways  of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace.
     Prov. iii. 17.

     When men lived in a grander way. Longfellow.

   8. Sphere or scope of observation. Jer. Taylor.

     The public ministers that fell in my way. Sir W. Temple.

   9.  Determined course; resolved mode of action or conduct; as, to have
   one's way.

   10.  (Naut.)  (a) Progress; as, a ship has way. (b) pl. The timbers on
   which a ship is launched.

   11.  pl.  (Mach.) The longitudinal guides, or guiding surfaces, on the
   bed  of  a planer, lathe, or the like, along which a table or carriage

   12. (Law) Right of way. See below.
   By  the  way, in passing; apropos; aside; apart from, though connected
   with,  the  main object or subject of discourse. -- By way of, for the
   purpose  of;  as  being;  in  character of. -- Covert way. (Fort.) See
   Covered way, under Covered. -- In the family way. See under Family. --
   In  the way, so as to meet, fall in with, obstruct, hinder, etc. -- In
   the  way  with, traveling or going with; meeting or being with; in the
   presence  of.  --  Milky  way.  (Astron.) See Galaxy, 1. -- No way, No
   ways.  See  Noway, Noways, in the Vocabulary. -- On the way, traveling
   or  going;  hence, in process; advancing toward completion; as, on the
   way  to  this  country;  on the way to success. -- Out of the way. See
   under  Out.  --  Right  of  way (Law), a right of private passage over
   another's ground. It may arise either by grant or prescription. It may
   be  attached to a house, entry, gate, well, or city lot, as well as to
   a  country  farm. Kent. -- To be under way, OR To have way (Naut.), to
   be in motion, as when a ship begins to move. -- To give way. See under
   Give.  --  To  go  one's  way, OR To come one's way, to go or come; to
   depart  or  come  along.  Shak.  -- To go the way of all the earth, to
   die.<--  =  to  go  the way of all flesh. --> -- To make one's way, to
   advance  in  life by one's personal efforts. -- To make way. See under
   Make, v. t. -- Ways and means. (a) Methods; resources; facilities. (b)
   (Legislation)  Means  for raising money; resources for revenue. -- Way
   leave, permission to cross, or a right of way across, land; also, rent
   paid  for  such  right.  [Eng] -- Way of the cross (Eccl.), the course
   taken  in visiting in rotation the stations of the cross. See Station,
   n.,  7 (c). -- Way of the rounds (Fort.), a space left for the passage
   of  the  rounds between a rampart and the wall of a fortified town. --
   Way  pane,  a  pane  for  cartage  in irrigated land. See Pane, n., 4.
   [Prov.  Eng.]  -- Way passenger, a passenger taken up, or set down, at
   some  intermediate  place  between the principal stations on a line of
   travel.  -- Ways of God, his providential government, or his works. --
   Way  station,  an intermediate station between principal stations on a
   line  of travel, especially on a railroad. -- Way train, a train which
   stops  at  the intermediate, or way, stations; an accommodation train.
   --  Way warden, the surveyor of a road. Syn. -- Street; highway; road.
   --  Way,  Street, Highway, Road. Way is generic, denoting any line for
   passage  or conveyance; a highway is literally one raised for the sake
   of  dryness  and  convenience in traveling; a road is, strictly, a way
   for horses and carriages; a street is, etymologically, a paved way, as
   early  made in towns and cities; and, hence, the word is distinctively
   applied to roads or highways in compact settlements.

     All  keep  the broad highway, and take delight With many rather for
     to go astray. Spenser.

     There is but one road by which to climb up. Addison.

     When  night  Darkens  the  streets,  then  wander forth the sons Of
     Belial, flown with insolence and wine. Milton.


   Way  (?), v. t. To go or travel to; to go in, as a way or path. [Obs.]
   "In land not wayed." Wyclif.


   Way, v. i. To move; to progress; to go. [R.]

     On a time as they together wayed. Spenser.


   Way"bill`  (?), n. A list of passengers in a public vehicle, or of the
   baggage  or gods transported by a common carrier on a land route. When
   the  goods  are  transported  by  water,  the list is called a bill of


   Way"bread`  (?), n. [AS. wegbr. See Way, and Broad.] (Bot.) The common
   dooryard plantain (Plantago major).


   Way"bung`  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) An Australian insessorial bird (Corcorax
   melanorhamphus)  noted  for the curious actions of the male during the
   breeding season. It is black with a white patch on each wing.


   Wayed (?), a. Used to the way; broken. [R.]

     A  horse that is not well wayed; he starts at every bird that flies
     out the hedge. Selden.


   Way"fare`  (?), v. i. [Way + fare to go.] To journey; to travel; to go
   to and fro. [Obs.]

     A  certain  Laconian, as he wayfared, came unto a place where there
     dwelt an old friend of his. Holland.


   Way"fare`, n. The act of journeying; travel; passage. [Obs.] Holland.


   Way"far`er (?), n. One who travels; a traveler; a passenger.


   Way"far`ing,  a.  Traveling; passing; being on a journey. "A wayfaring
   man." Judg. xix. 17. Wayfaring tree (Bot.), a European shrub (Viburnum
   lantana)  having  large  ovate  leaves  and dense cymes of small white
   flowers.   --   American   wayfaring   tree   (Bot.),   the  (Viburnum


   Way"gate` (?), n. The tailrace of a mill. Knight.


   Way"-go`ing (?), a. Going away; departing; of or pertaining to one who
   goes  away.  Way-going  crop (Law of Leases), a crop of grain to which
   tenants  for years are sometimes entitled by custom; grain sown in the
   fall  to  be  reaped  at the next harvest; a crop which will not ripen
   until after the termination of the lease. Burrill.


   Way"-goose` (?), n. See Wayz-goose, n., 2. [Eng.]


   Wayk (?), a. Weak. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Way"lay`  (?;  277),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Waylaid (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Waylaying.]  [Way  + lay.] To lie in wait for; to meet or encounter in
   the  way;  especially,  to  watch  for  the passing of, with a view to
   seize, rob, or slay; to beset in ambush.

     Falstaff,  Bardolph, Peto, and Gadshill shall rob those men that we
     have already waylaid. Shak.

     She often contrived to waylay him in his walks. Sir W. Scott.


   Way"lay`er (?), n. One who waylays another.


   Way"less, a. Having no road or path; pathless.


   Way"le*way (?), interj. See Welaway. [Obs.]


   Way"mak`er (?), n. One who makes a way; a precursor. [R.] Bacon.


   Way"mark` (?), n. A mark to guide in traveling.


   Way"ment  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Waymented;  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Waymenting.]  [OE.  waymenten,  OF.  waimenter, gaimenter, guaimenter,
   from wai, guai, woe! (of Teutonic origin; see Woe) and L. lamentari to
   lament.  See  Lament.]  To  lament;  to grieve; to wail. [Written also
   waiment.] [Obs.]

     Thilke science . . . maketh a man to waymenten. Chaucer.

     For  what  boots  it  to  weep  and  wayment,  When ill is chanced?


   Way"ment,  n.  Grief;  lamentation;  mourning. [Written also waiment.]
   [Obs.] Spenser.

                                   Way shaft

   Way" shaft` (?).

   1. (Mach.) A rock shaft.

   2.  (Mining)  An  interior  shaft,  usually one connecting two levels.


   -ways  (?).  A suffix formed from way by the addition of the adverbial
   -s  (see  -wards).  It  is  often  used interchangeably with wise; as,
   endways or endwise; noways or nowise, etc.


   Way"side` (?), n. The side of the way; the edge or border of a road or


   Way"side`, a. Of or pertaining to the wayside; as, wayside flowers. "A
   wayside inn." Longfellow.


   Way"ward  (?),  a. [OE. weiward, for aweiward, i. e., turned away. See
   Away,   and  -ward.]  Taking  one's  own  way;  disobedient;  froward;
   perverse; willful.

     My wife is in a wayward mood. Shak.

     Wayward beauty doth not fancy move. Fairfax.

     Wilt thou forgive the wayward thought? Keble.

   -- Way"ward*ly, adv. -- Way"ward*ness, n.


   Way"-wise`  (?),  a. Skillful in finding the way; well acquainted with
   the way or route; wise from having traveled.


   Way"wis`er  (?),  n.  [Cf.  G. wegweiser a waymark, a guide; weg way +
   weisen  to  show,  direct.]  An  instrument for measuring the distance
   which  one  has  traveled  on  the  road;  an  odometer, pedometer, or

     The  waywiser  to a coach, exactly measuring the miles, and showing
     them by an index. Evelyn.


   Way"wode  (?), n. [Russ. voevoda, or Pol. woiewoda; properly, a leader
   of  an army, a leader in war. Cf. Vaivode.] Originally, the title of a
   military  commander  in various Slavonic countries; afterwards applied
   to  governors  of towns or provinces. It was assumed for a time by the
   rulers   of   Moldavia  and  Wallachia,  who  were  afterwards  called
   hospodars,  and has also been given to some inferior Turkish officers.
   [Written also vaivode, voivode, waiwode, and woiwode.]


   Way"wode*ship, n. The office, province, or jurisdiction of a waywode.


   Way"worn` (?), a. Wearied by traveling.


   Wayz"-goose` (?), n. [Wase stubble + goose.]

   1. A stubble goose. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

   2.  An  annual  feast  of  the  persons employed in a printing office.
   [Written also way-goose.] [Eng.]


   We  (?),  pron.;  pl. of I. [Poss. Our (our) or Ours (; obj. Us (. See
   I.] [As. w; akin to OS. w\'c6, OFries. & LG. wi, D. wij, G. wir, Icel.
   v,  Sw.  &  Dan.  vi,  Goth.  weis, Skr. vayam. &root;190.] The plural
   nominative  case  of  the  pronoun  of the first person; the word with
   which  a  person in speaking or writing denotes a number or company of
   which he is one, as the subject of an action expressed by a verb.

     NOTE: &hand; We  is  fr equently us ed to  ex press men in general,
     including  the  speaker.  We  is also often used by individuals, as
     authors,  editors,  etc.,  in  speaking  of themselves, in order to
     avoid  the  appearance of egotism in the too frequent repetition of
     the  pronoun  I.  The  plural  style is also in use among kings and
     other  sovereigns,  and  is said to have been begun by King John of
     England.  Before  that  time,  monarchs used the singular number in
     their  edicts.  The  German  and the French sovereigns followed the
     example of King John in a. d. 1200.


   Weak  (?),  a. [Compar. Weaker (?); superl. Weakest.] [OE. weik, Icel.
   veikr;  akin  to  Sw. vek, Dan. veg soft, flexible, pliant, AS. w\'bec
   weak,  soft,  pliant,  D. week, G. weich, OHG. weih; all from the verb
   seen  in  Icel. v\'c6kja to turn, veer, recede, AS. w\'c6can to yield,
   give  way,  G. weichen, OHG. w\'c6hhan, akin to Skr. vij, and probably
   to  E.  week,  L.  vicis  a  change,  turn,  Gr.  Week,  Wink,  v.  i.

   1.  Wanting  physical  strength.  Specifically:  --  (a)  Deficient in
   strength  of  body;  feeble;  infirm;  sickly; debilitated; enfeebled;

     A poor, infirm, weak, and despised old man. Shak.

     Weak with hunger, mad with love. Dryden.

   (b)  Not  able  to  sustain a great weight, pressure, or strain; as, a
   weak  timber;  a  weak rope. (c) Not firmly united or adhesive; easily
   broken or separated into pieces; not compact; as, a weak ship. (d) Not
   stiff;  pliant;  frail;  soft;  as, the weak stalk of a plant. (e) Not
   able  to  resist  external force or onset; easily subdued or overcome;
   as,  a  weak  barrier;  as,  a  weak  fortress.  (f)  Lacking force of
   utterance or sound; not sonorous; low; small; feeble; faint.

     A voice not soft, weak, piping, and womanish. Ascham.

   (g)  Not  thoroughly  or  abundantly  impregnated  with  the  usual or
   required  ingredients,  or with stimulating and nourishing substances;
   of  less  than  the  usual strength; as, weak tea, broth, or liquor; a
   weak  decoction  or  solution;  a  weak  dose of medicine. (h) Lacking
   ability  for  an appropriate function or office; as, weak eyes; a weak
   stomach; a weak magistrate; a weak regiment, or army.

   2.  Not  possessing  or  manifesting  intellectual, logical, moral, or
   political  strength,  vigor,  etc. Specifically: - (a) Feeble of mind;
   wanting  discernment;  lacking  vigor;  spiritless; as, a weak king or

     To  think  every  thing  disputable  is  a proof of a weak mind and
     captious temper. Beattie.

     Origen  was  never weak enough to imagine that there were two Gods.

   (b)  Resulting  from, or indicating, lack of judgment, discernment, or
   firmness; unwise; hence, foolish.

     If  evil  thence  ensue, She first his weak indulgence will accuse.

   (c)   Not  having  full  confidence  or  conviction;  not  decided  or
   confirmed; vacillating; wavering.

     Him  that  is  weak  in  the  faith receive ye, but not to doubtful
     disputations. Rom. xiv. 1.

   (d)  Not  able  to  withstand  temptation,  urgency, persuasion, etc.;
   easily impressed, moved, or overcome; accessible; vulnerable; as, weak
   resolutions; weak virtue.

     Guard  thy  heart  On  this weak side, where most our nature fails.

   (e) Wanting in power to influence or bind; as, weak ties; a weak sense
   of  honor  of duty. (f) Not having power to convince; not supported by
   force  of  reason  or truth; unsustained; as, a weak argument or case.
   "Convinced of his weak arguing." Milton.

     A case so weak . . . hath much persisted in. Hooker.

   (g)  Wanting  in  point or vigor of expression; as, a weak sentence; a
   weak  style.  (h)  Not  prevalent  or  effective,  or  not  felt to be
   prevalent;  not  potent;  feeble. "Weak prayers." Shak. (i) Lacking in
   elements  of  political  strength; not wielding or having authority or
   energy;  deficient  in  the resources that are essential to a ruler or
   nation; as, a weak monarch; a weak government or state.

     I must make fair weather yet awhile, Till Henry be more weak, and I
     more strong. Shak.

   (k) (Stock Exchange) Tending towards lower prices; as, a weak market.

   3.  (Gram.)  (a) Pertaining to, or designating, a verb which forms its
   preterit  (imperfect) and past participle by adding to the present the
   suffix  -ed,  -d,  or  the  variant  form  -t;  as in the verbs abash,
   abashed;  abate, abated; deny, denied; feel, felt. See Strong, 19 (a).
   (b)  Pertaining  to,  or designating, a noun in Anglo-Saxon, etc., the
   stem of which ends in -n. See Strong, 19 (b).

     NOTE: &hand; Weak is often used in the formation of self-explaining
     compounds;  as,  weak-eyed, weak-handed, weak-hearted, weak-minded,
     weak-spirited, and the like.

   Page 1636

   Weak  conjugation  (Gram.),  the  conjugation of weak verbs; -- called
   also  new, OR regular, conjugation, and distinguished from the old, or
   irregular,  conjugation.  --  Weak declension (Anglo-Saxon Gram.), the
   declension  of weak nouns; also, one of the declensions of adjectives.
   --  Weak  side,  the  side  or  aspect  of  a  person's  character  or
   disposition  by  which  he  is  most  easily  affected  or influenced;
   weakness; infirmity. -- Weak sore OR ulcer (Med.), a sore covered with
   pale, flabby, sluggish granulations.


   Weak  (?),  v. t. & i. [Cf. AS. w. w\'becian. See Weak, a.] To make or
   become weak; to weaken. [R.]

     Never to seek weaking variety. Marston.


   Weak"en  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Weakened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To make weak; to lessen the strength of; to deprive of strength; to
   debilitate;  to  enfeeble;  to enervate; as, to weaken the body or the
   mind;  to  weaken the hands of a magistrate; to weaken the force of an
   objection or an argument.

     Their  hands  shall be weakened from the work, that it be not done.
     Neh. vi. 9.

   2.  To  reduce  in quality, strength, or spirit; as, to weaken tea; to
   weaken any solution or decoction.


   Weak"en,  v. i. To become weak or weaker; to lose strength, spirit, or
   determination;  to  become  less positive or resolute; as, the patient
   weakened;  the  witness  weakened  on  cross-examination.  "His notion
   weakens, his discernings are lethargied." Shak.


   Weak"en*er  (?),  n.  One  who,  or  that  which, weakens. "[Fastings]
   weakeners of sin." South.


   Weak"fish`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  fish  of the genus Cynoscion; a
   squeteague;  --  so  called  from  its  tender  mouth. See Squeteague.
   Spotted weakfish (Zo\'94l.), the spotted squeteague.


   Weak"-heart`ed  (?),  a.  Having  little  courage;  of  feeble spirit;
   dispirited; faint-hearted. "Weak-hearted enemies." Shak.


   Weak"ish, a. Somewhat weak; rather weak.


   Weak"ish*ness, n. Quality or state of being weakish.


   Weak"-kneed`  (?),  a.  Having  weak  knees;  hence,  easily yielding;
   wanting resolution. H. James.


   Weak"ling  (?),  n.  [Weak  + -ling.] A weak or feeble creature. Shak.
   "All  looking  on  him  as a weakling, which would post to the grave."

     We may not be weaklings because we have a strong enemy. Latimer.


   Weak"ling, a. Weak; feeble. Sir T. North.


   Weak"ly, adv. In a weak manner; with little strength or vigor; feebly.


   Weak"ly,  a.  [Compar. Weaklier (?); superl. Weakliest.] Not strong of
   constitution;  infirm;  feeble;  as, a weakly woman; a man of a weakly


   Weak"-mind`ed  (?),  a.  Having  a  weak  mind, either naturally or by
   reason    of    disease;    feebleminded;    foolish;    idiotic.   --
   Weak"-mind`ed*ness, n.


   Weak"ness, n.

   1.  The  quality or state of being weak; want of strength or firmness;
   lack of vigor; want of resolution or of moral strength; feebleness.

   2.  That which is a mark of lack of strength or resolution; a fault; a

     Many  take  pleasure in spreading abroad the weakness of an exalted
     character. Spectator.

   Syn.   --   Feebleness;  debility;  languor;  imbecility;  infirmness;
   infirmity; decrepitude; frailty; faintness.


   Weal (?), n. The mark of a stripe. See Wale.


   Weal, v. t. To mark with stripes. See Wale.


   Weal,  n. [OE. wele, AS. wela, weola, wealth, from wel well. See Well,
   adv., and cf. Wealth.]

   1.  A  sound,  healthy,  or  prosperous  state  of  a person or thing;
   prosperity; happiness; welfare.

     God . . . grant you wele and prosperity. Chaucer.

     As we love the weal of our souls and bodies. Bacon.

     To him linked in weal or woe. Milton.

     Never  was there a time when it more concerned the public weal that
     the character of the Parliament should stand high. Macaulay.

   2. The body politic; the state; common wealth. [Obs.]

     The special watchmen of our English weal. Shak.


   Weal,  v. t. To promote the weal of; to cause to be prosperous. [Obs.]
   Beau. & Fl.


   Weal"-bal`anced  (?),  a.  Balanced  or  considered  with reference to
   public weal. [Obs.] Shak.


   Weald  (?),  n.  [AS.  See  Wold.]  A wood or forest; a wooded land or
   region; also, an open country; -- often used in place names.

     Fled  all  night  long by glimmering waste and weald, And heard the
     spirits of the waste and weald Moan as she fled. Tennyson.

   Weald  clay  (Geol.),  the uppermost member of the Wealden strata. See


   Weald"en  (?;  277),  a. [AS. weald, wald, a forest, a wood. So called
   because  this  formation  occurs  in the wealds, or woods, of Kent and
   Sussex. See Weald.] (Geol.) Of or pertaining to the lowest division of
   the  Cretaceous  formation  in  England  and  on  the Continent, which
   overlies the O\'94litic series.


   Weald"en, n. (Geol.) The Wealden group or strata.


   Weald"ish,  a.  Of  or pertaining to a weald, esp. to the weald in the
   county of Kent, England. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Weal"ful (?), a. Weleful. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Weals"man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Wealsmen  (#). [Weal + man.] A statesman; a
   politician. [R.] Shak.


   Wealth  (?), n. [OE. welthe, from wele; cf. D. weelde luxury. See Weal

   1.  Weal;  welfare; prosperity; good. [Obs.] "Let no man seek his own,
   but every man another's wealth." 1 Cor. x. 24.

   2.  Large  possessions;  a  comparative  abundance of things which are
   objects of human desire; esp., abundance of worldly estate; affluence;
   opulence; riches.

     I have little wealth to lose. Shak.

     Each day new wealth, without their care, provides. Dryden.

     Wealth  comprises  all  articles  of  value and nothing else. F. A.

   Active  wealth. See under Active. Syn. -- Riches; affluence; opulence;


   Wealth"ful  (?),  a.  Full of wealth; wealthy; prosperous. [R.] Sir T.
   More. -- Wealth"ful*ly, adv. [R.]


   Wealth"i*ly (?), adv. In a wealthy manner; richly.

     I come to wive it wealthily in Padua. Shak.


   Wealth"i*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state of being wealthy, or rich;
   richness; opulence.


   Wealth"y (?), a. [Compar. Wealthier (?); superl. Wealthiest.]

   1.  Having  wealth; having large possessions, or larger than most men,
   as lands, goods, money, or securities; opulent; affluent; rich.

     A wealthy Hebrew of my tribe. Shak.

     Thou broughtest us out into a wealthy place. Ps. lxvi. 12.

   2. Hence, ample; full; satisfactory; abundant. [R.]

     The wealthy witness of my pen. B. Jonson.


   Wean  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Weaned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Weaning.]
   [OE.  wenen,  AS.  wenian,  wennan, to accustom; akin to D. wennen, G.
   gew\'94hnen,  OHG. giwennan, Icel. venja, Sw. v\'84nja, Dan. v\'91nne,
   Icel.   vanr   accustomed,  wont;  cf.  AS.  \'bewenian  to  wean,  G.
   entw\'94hnen. See Wont, a.]

   1.  To  accustom and reconcile, as a child or other young animal, to a
   want  or  deprivation  of  mother's  milk;  to take from the breast or
   udder; to cause to cease to depend on the mother nourishment.

     And  the child grew, and was weaned; and Abraham made a great feast
     the same day that Isaac was weaned. Gen. xxi. 8.

   2.  Hence, to detach or alienate the affections of, from any object of
   desire;  to reconcile to the want or loss of anything. "Wean them from
   themselves." Shak.

     The  troubles  of age were intended . . . to wean us gradually from
     our fondness of life. Swift.


   Wean, n. A weanling; a young child.

     I, being but a yearling wean. Mrs. Browning.


   Wean"ed*ness, n. Quality or state of being weaned.


   Wean"el (?), n. A weanling. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Wean"ling, a. & n. from Wean, v.

     The  weaning  of  the  whelp  is the great test of the skill of the
     kennel man. J. H. Walsh.

   Weaning brash. (Med.) See under Brash.


   Wean"ling  (?),  n.  [Wean + -ling.] A child or animal newly weaned; a


   Wean"ling, a. Recently weaned. Milton.


   Weap"on  (?;  277), n. [OE. wepen, AS. w; akin to OS. w, OFries. w, w,
   D. wapen, G. waffe, OHG. waffan, w\'befan, Icel. v\'bepn, Dan. vaaben,
   Sw. vapen, Goth. w, pl.; of uncertain origin. Cf. Wapentake.]

   1.  An instrument of offensive of defensive combat; something to fight
   with; anything used, or designed to be used, in destroying, defeating,
   or injuring an enemy, as a gun, a sword, etc.

     The weapons of our warfare are not carnal. 2 Cor. x. 4.

     They, astonished, all resistance lost, All courage; down their idle
     weapons dropped. Milton.

   2.  Fig.:  The  means  or  instrument  with which one contends against
   another;  as,  argument  was  his only weapon. "Woman's weapons, water
   drops." Shak.

   3.  (Bot.)  A  thorn,  prickle,  or  sting  with which many plants are
   Concealed weapons. See under Concealed. -- Weapon salve, a salve which
   was  supposed to cure a wound by being applied to the weapon that made
   it. [Obs.] Boyle.


   Weap"oned (?), a. Furnished with weapons, or arms; armed; equipped.


   Weap"on*less (?), a. Having no weapon.


   Weap"on*ry  (?),  n.  Weapons, collectively; as, an array of weaponry.


   Wear (?; 277), n. Same as Weir.


   Wear (?), v. t. [Cf. Veer.] (Naut.) To cause to go about, as a vessel,
   by  putting  the  helm  up, instead of alee as in tacking, so that the
   vessel's  bow  is turned away from, and her stern is presented to, the
   wind,  and,  as  she  turns still farther, her sails fill on the other
   side; to veer.


   Wear,  v.  t. [imp. Wore (?); p. p. Worn (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wearing.
   Before  the  15th century wear was a weak verb, the imp. & p. p. being
   Weared.]  [OE. weren, werien, AS. werian to carry, to wear, as arms or
   clothes;  akin  to  OHG.  werien,  weren,  to clothe, Goth. wasjan, L.
   vestis clothing, vestire to clothe, Gr. vas. Cf. Vest.]

   1.  To  carry  or bear upon the person; to bear upon one's self, as an
   article  of  clothing,  decoration,  warfare,  bondage,  etc.; to have
   appendant  to  one's  body;  to have on; as, to wear a coat; to wear a

     What compass will you wear your farthingale? Shak.

     On her white breast a sparkling cross swore, Which Jews might kiss,
     and infidels adore. Pope.

   2.  To  have  or  exhibit an appearance of, as an aspect or manner; to
   bear;  as, she wears a smile on her countenance. "He wears the rose of
   youth upon him." Shak.

     His innocent gestures wear A meaning half divine. Keble.

   3.  To use up by carrying or having upon one's self; hence, to consume
   by use; to waste; to use up; as, to wear clothes rapidly.

   4.  To  impair,  waste, or diminish, by continual attrition, scraping,
   percussion,  on  the  like; to consume gradually; to cause to lower or
   disappear; to spend.

     That wicked wight his days doth wear. Spenser.

     The waters wear the stones. Job xiv. 19.

   5.  To cause or make by friction or wasting; as, to wear a channel; to
   wear a hole.

   6. To form or shape by, or as by, attrition.

     Trials wear us into a liking of what, possibly, in the first essay,
     displeased us. Locke.

   To  wear away, to consume; to impair, diminish, or destroy, by gradual
   attrition or decay. -- To wear off, to diminish or remove by attrition
   or  slow  decay;  as,  to  wear off the nap of cloth. -- To wear on OR
   upon,  to wear. [Obs.] "[I] weared upon my gay scarlet gites [gowns.]"
   Chaucer.  --  To  wear  out.  (a)  To  consume,  or render useless, by
   attrition  or  decay; as, to wear out a coat or a book. (b) To consume
   tediously.  "To  wear  out  miserable days." Milton. (c) To harass; to
   tire.  "[He] shall wear out the saints of the Most High." Dan vii. 25.
   (d)  To  waste  the  strength  of; as, an old man worn out in military
   service. -- To wear the breeches. See under Breeches. [Colloq.]
   Wear, v. i.
   1.  To  endure  or  suffer  use; to last under employment; to bear the
   consequences  of  use, as waste, consumption, or attrition; as, a coat
   wears   well  or  ill;  --  hence,  sometimes  applied  to  character,
   qualifications, etc.; as, a man wears well as an acquaintance.
   2.  To  be  wasted,  consumed, or diminished, by being used; to suffer
   injury,  loss,  or  extinction  by use or time; to decay, or be spent,
   gradually. "Thus wore out night." Milton.

     Away, I say; time wears. Shak.

     Thou  wilt surely wear away, both thou and this people that is with
     thee. Ex. xviii. 18.

     His stock of money began to wear very low. Sir W. Scott.

     The  family  .  .  .  wore  out in the earlier part of the century.

   To  wear  off,  to pass away by degrees; as, the follies of youth wear
   off  with age. -- To wear on, to pass on; as, time wears on. G. Eliot.
   --  To  wear  weary,  to  become  weary,  as by wear, long occupation,
   tedious employment, etc.
   Wear, n.
   1. The act of wearing, or the state of being worn; consumption by use;
   diminution by friction; as, the wear of a garment.
   2. The thing worn; style of dress; the fashion.

     Motley wear. Shak.

   Wear  and  tear, the loss by wearing, as of machinery in use; the loss
   or injury to which anything is subjected by use, accident, etc.


   Wear"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being worn; suitable to be worn.


   Wear"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who wears or carries as appendant to the body; as, the wearer
   of a cloak, a sword, a crown, a shackle, etc.

     Cowls, hoods, and habits, with their wearers, tossed, And fluttered
     into rags. Milton.

   2. That which wastes or diminishes.


   Wea"ri*a*ble (?), a. That may be wearied.


   Wea"ri*ful  (?),  a.  Abounding  in  qualities  which cause weariness;
   wearisome. -- Wea"ri*ful*ly, adv.


   Wea"ri*less, a. Incapable of being wearied.


   Wea"ri*ly, adv. In a weary manner.


   Wea"ri*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  weary  or tried;
   lassitude; exhaustion of strength; fatigue.

     With weariness and wine oppressed. Dryden.

     A man would die, though he were neither valiant nor miserable, only
     upon a weariness to do the same thing so oft over and over. Bacon.

   Page 1637


   Wear"ing (?), n.

   1.  The  act of one who wears; the manner in which a thing wears; use;
   conduct; consumption.

     Belike he meant to ward, and there to see his wearing. Latimer.

   2. That which is worn; clothes; garments. [Obs.]

     Give me my nightly wearing and adieu. Shak.


   Wear"ing  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to, or designed for, wear; as, wearing


   Wear"ish (?), a. [Etymol. uncertain, but perhaps akin to weary.]

   1. Weak; withered; shrunk. [Obs.] "A wearish hand." Ford.

     A little, wearish old man, very melancholy by nature. Burton.

   2. Insipid; tasteless; unsavory. [Obs.]

     Wearish as meat is that is not well tasted. Palsgrave.


   Wea"ri*some  (?),  a.  Causing weariness; tiresome; tedious; weariful;
   as, a wearisome march; a wearisome day's work; a wearisome book.

     These  high  wild  hills and rough uneven ways Draws out our miles,
     and makes them wearisome. Shak.

   Syn.  --  Irksome;  tiresome; tedious; fatiguing; annoying; vexatious.
   See Irksome. -- Wea"ri*some*ly, adv. -- Wea"ri*some*ness, n.


   Wea"ry (?), a. [Compar. Wearier (?); superl. Weariest.] [OE. weri, AS.
   w; akin to OS. w, OHG. wu; of uncertain origin; cf. AS. w to ramble.]

   1.  Having  the  strength  exhausted  by toil or exertion; worn out in
   respect to strength, endurance, etc.; tired; fatigued.

     I care not for my spirits if my legs were not weary. Shak.

     [I] am weary, thinking of your task. Longfellow.

   2.  Causing weariness; tiresome. "Weary way." Spenser. "There passed a
   weary time." Coleridge.

   3.  Having  one's  patience,  relish, or contentment exhausted; tired;
   sick;  --  with  of  before  the  cause;  as, weary of marching, or of
   confinement;  weary  of  study.  Syn.  -- Fatigued; tiresome; irksome;


   Wea"ry, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wearied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wearying.]

   1.  To  reduce  or  exhaust  the physical strength or endurance of; to
   tire; to fatigue; as, to weary one's self with labor or traveling.

     So shall he waste his means, weary his soldiers. Shak.

   2.  To  make  weary  of  anything;  to  exhaust the patience of, as by

     I stay too long by thee; I weary thee. Shak.

   3. To harass by anything irksome.

     I would not cease To weary him with my assiduous cries. Milton.

   To  weary out, to subdue or exhaust by fatigue. Syn. -- To jade; tire;
   fatigue; fag. See Jade.


   Wea"ry,  v. i. To grow tired; to become exhausted or impatient; as, to
   weary of an undertaking.


   Wea"sand   (?),  n.  [OE.  wesand,  AS.  w\'besend;  akin  to  OFries.
   w\'besende,  w\'besande;  cf.  OHG.  weisunt.] The windpipe; -- called
   also, formerly, wesil. [Formerly, written also, wesand, and wezand.]

     Cut his weasand with thy knife. Shak.


   Wea"sel  (?),  n. [OE. wesele, AS. wesle; akin to D. wezel, G. wiesel,
   OHG.  wisala,  Icel.  hreyiv\'c6sla,  Dan.  v\'84sel,  Sw.  vessla; of
   uncertain  origin;  cf.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) Any one of various species of
   small  carnivores  belonging  to the genus Putorius, as the ermine and
   ferret.  They  have  a  slender, elongated body, and are noted for the
   quickness  of  their  movements  and  for  their bloodthirsty habit in
   destroying  poultry,  rats, etc. The ermine and some other species are
   brown  in  summer,  and  turn white in winter; others are brown at all
   seasons.  Malacca weasel, the rasse. -- Weasel coot, a female or young
   male  of  the  smew;  -- so called from the resemblance of the head to
   that  of  a  weasel.  Called  also  weasel  duck.  --  Weasel lemur, a
   short-tailed  lemur (Lepilemur mustelinus). It is reddish brown above,
   grayish brown below, with the throat white.


   Wea"sel-faced` (?), a. Having a thin, sharp face, like a weasel.


   Wea"ser  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  American merganser; -- called also
   weaser sheldrake. [Local, U. S.]


   Wea"si*ness  (?),  n.  Quality  or state of being weasy; full feeding;
   sensual indulgence. [Obs.] Joye.


   Wea"sy (?), a. [Cf. Weasand.] Given to sensual indulgence; gluttonous.
   [Obs.] Joye.


   Weath"er  (?),  n.  [OE.  weder, AS. weder; akin to OS. wedar, OFries.
   weder,  D. weder, we\'88r, G. wetter, OHG. wetar, Icel. ve&edh;r, Dan.
   veir,  Sw.  v\'84der  wind,  air, weather, and perhaps to OSlav. vedro
   fair  weather; or perhaps to Lith. vetra storm, Russ. vieter', vietr',
   wind, and E. wind. Cf. Wither.]

   1.  The  state  of the air or atmosphere with respect to heat or cold,
   wetness  or  dryness,  calm  or storm, clearness or cloudiness, or any
   other   meteorological  phenomena;  meteorological  condition  of  the
   atmosphere;  as, warm weather; cold weather; wet weather; dry weather,

     Not amiss to cool a man's stomach this hot weather. Shak.

     Fair weather cometh out of the north. Job xxxvii. 22.

   2.  Vicissitude  of  season; meteorological change; alternation of the
   state of the air. Bacon.

   3. Storm; tempest.

     What  gusts  of  weather  from  that  gathering  cloud  My thoughts
     presage! Dryden.

   4. A light rain; a shower. [Obs.] Wyclif.
   Stress  of  weather, violent winds; force of tempests. -- To make fair
   weather,  to  flatter;  to give flattering representations. [R.] -- To
   make  good,  OR bad, weather (Naut.), to endure a gale well or ill; --
   said  of  a vessel. Shak. -- Under the weather, ill; also, financially
   embarrassed. [Colloq. U. S.] Bartlett. -- Weather box. Same as Weather
   house,  below.  Thackeray.  --  Weather  breeder,  a fine day which is
   supposed  to  presage  foul weather. -- Weather bureau, a popular name
   for the signal service. See Signal service, under Signal, a. [U.S.] --
   Weather  cloth  (Naut.),  a  long piece of canvas of tarpaulin used to
   preserve  the  hammocks  from injury by the weather when stowed in the
   nettings.  -- Weather door. (Mining) See Trapdoor, 2. -- Weather gall.
   Same  as  Water  gall,  2. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. -- Weather house, a
   mechanical contrivance in the form of a house, which indicates changes
   in  atmospheric  conditions  by  the  appearance  or retirement of toy

     Peace  to  the  artist  whose ingenious thought Devised the weather
     house, that useful toy! Cowper.

   --  Weather  molding, OR Weather moulding (Arch.), a canopy or cornice
   over  a  door  or  a  window,  to  throw off the rain. -- Weather of a
   windmill  sail, the obliquity of the sail, or the angle which it makes
   with  its  plane  of  revolution. -- Weather report, a daily report of
   meteorological  observations,  and of probable changes in the weather;
   esp.,  one  published  by  government  authority.  --  Weather  spy, a
   stargazer; one who foretells the weather. [R.] Donne. -- Weather strip
   (Arch.),  a  strip  of  wood, rubber, or other material, applied to an
   outer  door  or  window  so  as to cover the joint made by it with the
   sill, casings, or threshold, in order to exclude rain, snow, cold air,


   Weath"er  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Weathered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To expose to the air; to air; to season by exposure to air.

     [An  eagle]  soaring  through his wide empire of the air To weather
     his broad sails. Spenser.

     This gear lacks weathering. Latimer.

   2.  Hence,  to  sustain  the  trying effect of; to bear up against and
   overcome; to sustain; to endure; to resist; as, to weather the storm.

     For I can weather the roughest gale. Longfellow.

     You will weather the difficulties yet. F. W. Robertson.

   3.  (Naut.) To sail or pass to the windward of; as, to weather a cape;
   to weather another ship.

   4. (Falconry) To place (a hawk) unhooded in the open air. Encyc. Brit.
   To weather a point. (a) (Naut.) To pass a point of land, leaving it on
   the  lee  side.  (b)  Hence,  to  gain  or accomplish anything against
   opposition.  -- To weather out, to encounter successfully, though with
   difficulty; as, to weather out a storm.


   Weath"er,  v. i. To undergo or endure the action of the atmosphere; to
   suffer  meteorological  influences; sometimes, to wear away, or alter,
   under atmospheric influences; to suffer waste by weather.

     The  organisms  . . . seem indestructible, while the hard matrix in
     which they are imbedded has weathered from around them. H. Miller.


   Weath"er,  a. (Naut.) Being toward the wind, or windward -- opposed to
   lee;  as,  weather  bow, weather braces, weather gauge, weather lifts,
   weather  quarter, weather shrouds, etc. Weather gauge. (a) (Naut.) The
   position of a ship to the windward of another. (b) Fig.: A position of
   advantage or superiority; advantage in position.

     To  veer,  and tack, and steer a cause Against the weather gauge of
     laws. Hudibras.

   -- Weather helm (Naut.), a tendency on the part of a sailing vessel to
   come up into the wind, rendering it necessary to put the helm up, that
   is,  toward  the  weather side. -- Weather shore (Naut.), the shore to
   the  windward  of  a  ship.  Totten. -- Weather tide (Naut.), the tide
   which  sets  against  the  lee  side  of  a ship, impelling her to the
   windward. Mar. Dict.


   Weath"er-beat`en  (?),  a.  Beaten or harassed by the weather; worn by
   exposure to the weather, especially to severe weather. Shak.


   Weath"er-bit` (?), n. (Naut.) A turn of the cable about the end of the
   windlass, without the bits.


   Weath"er*bit`,  v.  t.  (Naut.)  To take another turn with, as a cable
   around a windlass. Totten.


   Weath"er-bit`ten  (?), a. Eaten into, defaced, or worn, by exposure to
   the weather. Coleridge.


   Weath"er*board` (?), n.

   1.  (Naut.)  (a)  That  side of a vessel which is toward the wind; the
   windward  side.  (b)  A  piece of plank placed in a porthole, or other
   opening, to keep out water.

   2. (a) (Arch.) A board extending from the ridge to the eaves along the
   slope of the gable, and forming a close junction between the shingling
   of  a  roof  and  the side of the building beneath. (b) A clapboard or
   feather-edged board used in weatherboarding.


   Weath"er-board`,  v.  t.  (Arch.) To nail boards upon so as to lap one
   over another, in order to exclude rain, snow, etc. Gwilt.


   Weath"er*board`ing,  n.  (Arch.)  (a)  The  covering  or  siding  of a
   building,  formed of boards lapping over one another, to exclude rain,
   snow, etc. (b) Boards adapted or intended for such use.


   Weath"er-bound`  (?),  a. Kept in port or at anchor by storms; delayed
   by bad weather; as, a weather-bound vessel.


   Weath"er*cock` (?), n.

   1.  A  vane, or weather vane; -- so called because originally often in
   the figure of a cock, turning on the top of a spire with the wind, and
   showing its direction. "As a wedercok that turneth his face with every
   wind." Chaucer.

     Noisy weathercocks rattled and sang of mutation. Longfellow.

   2.  Hence,  any  thing or person that turns easily and frequently; one
   who  veers  with every change of current opinion; a fickle, inconstant


   Weath"er*cock`,  v.  t.  To  supply  with a weathercock; to serve as a
   weathercock for.

     Whose blazing wyvern weathercock the spire. Tennyson.


   Weath"er-driv`en  (?),  a. Driven by winds or storms; forced by stress
   of weather. Carew.


   Weath"ered (?), a.

   1.  (Arch.)  Made  sloping,  so as to throw off water; as, a weathered
   cornice or window sill.

   2.   (Geol.)   Having  the  surface  altered  in  color,  texture,  or
   composition, or the edges rounded off by exposure to the elements.


   Weath"er-fend`  (?),  v.  t.  To  defend from the weather; to shelter.

     [We] barked the white spruce to weather-fend the roof. Emerson.


   Weath"er*glass`  (?),  n.  An  instrument to indicate the state of the
   atmosphere,  especially  changes  of  atmospheric  pressure, and hence
   changes   of   weather,  as  a  barometer  or  baroscope.  Poor  man's
   weatherglass. (Bot.) See under Poor.


   Weath"er*ing,  n.  (Geol.)  The  action  of  the elements on a rock in
   altering  its  color,  texture, or composition, or in rounding off its


   Weath"er*li*ness (?), n. (Naut.) The quality of being weatherly.


   Weath"er*ly,  a.  (Naut.) Working, or able to sail, close to the wind;
   as, a weatherly ship. Cooper.


   Weath"er*most` (?), a. (Naut.) Being farthest to the windward.


   Weath"er*proof` (?), a. Proof against rough weather.


   Weath"er*wise`  (?),  a.  Skillful  in  forecasting the changes of the
   weather. Hakluyt.


   Weath"er*wis`er  (?),  n. [Cf. Waywiser.] Something that foreshows the
   weather. [Obs.] Derham.


   Weath"er*worn`  (?),  a. Worn by the action of, or by exposure to, the


   Weave  (?),  v. t. [imp. Wove (?); p. p. Woven (?), Wove; p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Weaving.  The regular imp. & p. p. Weaved (, is rarely used.] [OE.
   weven,  AS. wefan; akin to D. weven, G. weben, OHG. weban, Icel. vefa,
   Sw.  v\'84fva, Dan. v\'91ve, Gr. spider, lit., wool weaver. Cf. Waper,
   Waffle, Web, Weevil, Weft, Woof.]

   1.  To  unite,  as  threads of any kind, in such a manner as to form a
   texture;  to  entwine  or  interlace into a fabric; as, to weave wool,
   silk,  etc.;  hence,  to unite by close connection or intermixture; to
   unite intimately.

     This weaves itself, perforce, into my business. Shak.

     That  in their green shops weave the smooth-haired silk To deck her
     sons. Milton.

     And for these words, thus woven into song. Byron.

   2. To form, as cloth, by interlacing threads; to compose, as a texture
   of  any  kind,  by  putting  together  textile materials; as, to weave
   broadcloth;  to  weave  a  carpet;  hence,  to  form into a fabric; to
   compose; to fabricate; as, to weave the plot of a story.

     When she weaved the sleided silk. Shak.

     Her starry wreaths the virgin jasmin weaves. Ld. Lytton.


   Weave, v. i.

   1. To practice weaving; to work with a loom.

   2. To become woven or interwoven.


   Weave, n. A particular method or pattern of weaving; as, the cassimere


   Weav"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who  weaves,  or  whose  occupation  is to weave. "Weavers of
   linen." P. Plowman.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A weaver bird.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) An aquatic beetle of the genus Gyrinus. See Whirling.
   Weaver  bird  (Zo\'94l.), any one of numerous species of Asiatic, Fast
   Indian,  and  African  birds belonging to Ploceus and allied genera of
   the  family Ploceid\'91. Weaver birds resemble finches and sparrows in
   size,  colors,  and  shape  of  the bill. They construct pensile nests
   composed  of  interlaced grass and other similar materials. In some of
   the  species the nest is retort-shaped, with the opening at the bottom
   of  the  tube.  --  Weavers' shuttle (Zo\'94l.), an East Indian marine
   univalve  shell  (Radius  volva);  --  so  called  from its shape. See
   Illust. of Shuttle shell, under Shuttle.
   Weav"er*fish` (?), n. [See Weever.] (Zo\'94l.) See Weever. 


   Weav"ing, n.

   1.  The  act  of  one  who,  or  that which, weaves; the act or art of
   forming cloth in a loom by the union or intertexture of threads.

   2.  (Far.) An incessant motion of a horse's head, neck, and body, from
   side  to  side,  fancied  to  resemble  the motion of a hand weaver in
   throwing the shuttle. Youatt.


   Wea"zand (?), n. See Weasand. [Obs.]


   Wea"zen  (?),  a.  [See  Wizen.] Thin; sharp; withered; wizened; as, a
   weazen face.

     They were weazen and shriveled. Dickens.


   Wea"zen*y  (?),  a.  Somewhat  weazen;  shriveled. [Colloq.] "Weazeny,
   baked pears." Lowell.


   Web  (?),  n.  [OE.  webbe,  AS.  webba.  See Weave.] A weaver. [Obs.]


   Web,  n.  [OE.  web,  AS.  webb; akin to D. web, webbe, OHG. weppi, G.
   gewebe, Icel. vefr, Sw. v\'84f, Dan. v\'91v. See Weave.]

   1.  That  which  is  woven; a texture; textile fabric; esp., something
   woven in a loom.

     Penelope,  for  her  Ulysses'  sake,  Devised  a  web her wooers to
     deceive. Spenser.

     Not  web might be woven, not a shuttle thrown, or penalty of exile.

   2. A whole piece of linen cloth as woven.

   3.  The  texture  of  very  fine  thread spun by a spider for catching
   insects at its prey; a cobweb. "The smallest spider's web." Shak.

   4. Fig.: Tissue; texture; complicated fabrication.

     The  somber  spirit  of our forefathers, who wove their web of life
     with hardly a . . . thread of rose-color or gold. Hawthorne.

     Such  has  been the perplexing ingenuity of commentators that it is
     difficult  to  extricate  the truth from the web of conjectures. W.

   5. (Carriages) A band of webbing used to regulate the extension of the

   6. A thin metal sheet, plate, or strip, as of lead.

     And Christians slain roll up in webs of lead. Fairfax.

   Specifically: - (a) The blade of a sword. [Obs.]

     The sword, whereof the web was steel, Pommel rich stone, hilt gold.

   (b)  The blade of a saw. (c) The thin, sharp part of a colter. (d) The
   bit of a key.

   7. (Mach. & Engin.) A plate or thin portion, continuous or perforated,
   connecting  stiffening  ribs  or flanges, or other parts of an object.
   Specifically: -- (a) The thin vertical plate or portion connecting the
   upper  and lower flanges of an lower flanges of an iron girder, rolled
   beam,  or  railroad  rail.  (b)  A disk or solid construction serving,
   instead  of  spokes,  for connecting the rim and hub, in some kinds of
   car wheels, sheaves, etc. (c) The arm of a crank between the shaft and
   the  wrist.  (d)  The part of a blackmith's anvil between the face and
   the foot.

   8. (Med.) Pterygium; -- called also webeye. Shak.

   9.  (Anat.)  The  membrane which unites the fingers or toes, either at
   their  bases,  as in man, or for a greater part of their length, as in
   many water birds and amphibians.

   10. (Zo\'94l.) The series of barbs implanted on each side of the shaft
   of  a  feather,  whether  stiff and united together by barbules, as in
   ordinary  feathers,  or  soft  and separate, as in downy feathers. See

   Page 1638

   Pin  and web (Med.), two diseases of the eye, caligo and pterygium; --
   sometimes  wrongly  explained as one disease. See Pin, n., 8, and Web,
   n.,  8.  "He  never  yet  had pinne or webbe, his sight for to decay."
   Gascoigne.  -- Web member (Engin.), one of the braces in a web system.
   --  Web  press, a printing press which takes paper from a roll instead
   of being fed with sheets. -- Web system (Engin.), the system of braces
   connecting the flanges of a lattice girder, post, or the like.


   Web  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Webbed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Webbing.] To
   unite  or  surround  with  a  web, or as if with a web; to envelop; to


   Webbed (?), a.

   1. Provided with a web.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having  the toes united by a membrane, or web; as, the
   webbed feet of aquatic fowls.


   Web"ber (?), n. One who forms webs; a weaver; a webster. [Obs.]


   Web"bing  (?),  n.  A  woven  band  of cotton or flax, used for reins,
   girths, bed bottoms, etc.


   Web"by  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to a web or webs; like a web; filled
   or covered with webs.

     Bats on their webby wings in darkness move. Crabbe.


   We"ber   (?),   n.  [From  the  name  of  Professor  Weber,  a  German
   electrician.]  (Elec.)  The  standard unit of electrical quantity, and
   also of current. See Coulomb, and Amp. [Obs.]


   Web"eye` (?), n. (Med.) See Web, n., 8.


   Web"-fin`gered  (?),  a.  Having  the  fingers  united  by a web for a
   considerable part of their length.


   Web"foot` (?), n.; pl. Webfeet (.

   1. A foot the toes of which are connected by a membrane.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) Any web-footed bird.


   Web"-foot`ed,  a.  Having webbed feet; palmiped; as, a goose or a duck
   is a web-footed fowl.


   Web"ster (?), n. [AS. webbestre. See Web, Weave, and -ster.] A weaver;
   originally, a female weaver. [Obs.] Brathwait.


   Web"ster*ite (?), n. [So named after Webster, the geologist.] (Min.) A
   hydrous sulphate of alumina occurring in white reniform masses.


   Web"-toed`  (?), a. Having the toes united by a web for a considerable
   part of their length.


   Web"form` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of various species of moths whose
   gregarious larv\'91 eat the leaves of trees, and construct a large web
   to which they retreat when not feeding.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e mo st de structive we bworms belong to the family
     Bombycid\'91,  as the fall webworm (Hyphantria textor), which feeds
     on various fruit and forest trees, and the common tent caterpillar,
     which  feeds  on  various  fruit trees (see Tent caterpillar, under
     Tent.)  The grapevine webworm is the larva of a geometrid moth (see
     Vine inchworm, under Vine).


   Wed  (w&ecr;d),  n.  [AS.  wedd;  akin to OFries. wed, OD. wedde, OHG,
   wetti,  G.  wette a wager, Icel. ve&edh; a pledge, Sw. vad a wager, an
   appeal,  Goth.  wadi  a pledge, Lith. vaduti to redeem (a pledge), LL.
   vadium,  L.  vas,  vadis, bail, security, vadimonium security, and Gr.
   Athlete,  Gage  a pledge, Wage.] A pledge; a pawn. [Obs.] Gower. Piers

     Let  him  be  ware,  his neck lieth to wed [i. e., for a security].


   Wed,  v.  t.  [imp.  Wedded;  p.  p.  Wedded  or  Wed; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Wedding.]  [OE.  wedden,  AS.  weddian  to  covenant, promise, to wed,
   marry;  akin to OFries. weddia to promise, D. wedden to wager, to bet,
   G.  wetten, Icel. ve&edh;ja, Dan. vedde, Sw. v\'84dja to appeal, Goth.
   gawadj&omac;n to betroth. See Wed, n.]

   1.  To take for husband or for wife by a formal ceremony; to marry; to

     With this ring I thee wed. Bk. of Com. Prayer.

     I saw thee first, and wedded thee. Milton.

   2. To join in marriage; to give in wedlock.

     And Adam, wedded to another Eve, Shall live with her. Milton.

   3.  Fig.: To unite as if by the affections or the bond of marriage; to
   attach firmly or indissolubly.

     Thou art wedded to calamity. Shak.

     Men are wedded to their lusts. Tillotson.

     [Flowers] are wedded thus, like beauty to old age. Cowper.

   4. To take to one's self and support; to espouse. [Obs.]

     They positively and concernedly wedded his cause. Clarendon.


   Wed  (?),  v.  i.  To contact matrimony; to marry. "When I shall wed."


   Wed"dahs (?), n. pl. (Ethnol.) See Veddahs.


   Wed"ded (?), a.

   1. Joined in wedlock; married.

     Let wwedded dame. Pope.

   2. Of or pertaining to wedlock, or marriage. "Wedded love." Milton.


   Wed"der (?), n. See Wether. Sir W. Scott.


   Wed"ding (?), n. [AS. wedding.] Nuptial ceremony; nuptial festivities;
   marriage; nuptials.

     Simple  and  brief  was  the  wedding, as that of Ruth and of Boaz.

     NOTE: &hand; Ce rtain an niversaries of  an  unbroken marriage have
     received  fanciful,  and more or less appropriate, names. Thus, the
     fifth  anniversary is called the wooden wedding; the tenth, the tin
     wedding;  the  fifteenth,  the  crystal wedding; the twentieth, the
     china  wedding; the twenty-fifth, the silver wedding; the fiftieth,
     the  golden  wedding;  the  sixtieth,  the  diamond  wedding. These
     anniversaries are often celebrated by appropriate presents of wood,
     tin, china, silver, gold, etc., given by friends.

     NOTE: &hand; We dding is  often used adjectively; as, wedding cake,
     wedding cards, wedding clothes, wedding day, wedding feast, wedding
     guest, wedding ring, etc.

     Let her beauty be her wedding dower. Shak.

   Wedding favor, a marriage favor. See under Marriage.


   Wed"er (?), n. Weather. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wedge (?), n. [OE. wegge, AS. wecg; akin to D. wig, wigge, OHG. wecki,
   G.  weck  a (wedge-shaped) loaf, Icel. veggr, Dan. v\'91gge, Sw. vigg,
   and probably to Lith. vagis a peg. Cf. Wigg.]

   1.  A  piece  of  metal, or other hard material, thick at one end, and
   tapering  to  a thin edge at the other, used in splitting wood, rocks,
   etc.,  in  raising  heavy  bodies,  and the like. It is one of the six
   elementary  machines  called  the  mechanical  powers.  See Illust. of
   Mechanical powers, under Mechanical.

   2.  (Geom.)  A  solid  of  five  sides, having a rectangular base, two
   rectangular   or  trapezoidal  sides  meeting  in  an  edge,  and  two
   triangular ends.

   3.  A  mass  of metal, especially when of a wedgelike form. "Wedges of
   gold." Shak.

   4.  Anything  in  the form of a wedge, as a body of troops drawn up in
   such a form.

     In   warlike  muster  they  appear,  In  rhombs,  and  wedges,  and
     half-moons, and wings. Milton.

   5.  The  person  whose name stands lowest on the list of the classical
   tripos;  --  so  called  after  a person (Wedgewood) who occupied this
   position  on  the first list of 1828. [Cant, Cambridge Univ., Eng.] C.
   A. Bristed.
   Fox  wedge.  (Mach.  &  Carpentry)  See  under Fox. -- Spherical wedge
   (Geom.),  the  portion  of  a sphere included between two planes which
   intersect in a diameter.


   Wedge, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wedged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wedging.]

   1.  To  cleave or separate with a wedge or wedges, or as with a wedge;
   to rive. "My heart, as wedged with a sigh, would rive in twain." Shak.

   2. To force or drive as a wedge is driven.

     Among  the crowd in the abbey where a finger Could not be wedged in
     more. Shak.

     He 's just the sort of man to wedge himself into a snug berth. Mrs.
     J. H. Ewing.

   3.  To  force  by  crowding  and pushing as a wedge does; as, to wedge
   one's way. Milton.

   4.  To  press  closely; to fix, or make fast, in the manner of a wedge
   that is driven into something.

     Wedged in the rocky shoals, and sticking fast. Dryden.

   5.  To  fasten  with a wedge, or with wedges; as, to wedge a scythe on
   the snath; to wedge a rail or a piece of timber in its place.

   6.  (Pottery)  To  cut,  as  clay,  into wedgelike masses, and work by
   dashing together, in order to expel air bubbles, etc. Tomlinson.


   Wedge"bill`  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) An Australian crested insessorial bird
   (Sphenostoma  cristatum) having a wedge-shaped bill. Its color is dull
   brown, like the earth of the plains where it lives.


   Wedge"-formed`  (?),  a.  Having  the  form  of  a  wedge;  cuneiform.
   Wedge-formed    characters.   See   Arrow-headed   characters,   under


   Wedge"-shaped` (?), a.

   1. Having the shape of a wedge; cuneiform.

   2.  (Bot.)  Broad and truncate at the summit, and tapering down to the
   base; as, a wedge-shaped leaf.


   Wedge"-shell`  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of small
   marine  bivalves  belonging  to  Donax  and allied genera in which the
   shell is wedge-shaped.


   Wedge"-tailed"  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Having a tail which has the middle
   pair of feathers longest, the rest successively and decidedly shorter,
   and  all more or less attenuate; -- said of certain birds. See Illust.
   of  Wood  hoopoe,  under Wood. Wedge-tailed eagle, an Australian eagle
   (Aquila  audax) which feeds on various small species of kangaroos, and
   on  lambs;  -- called also mountain eagle, bold eagle, and eagle hawk.
   -- Wedge-tailed gull, an arctic gull (Rhodostethia rosea) in which the
   plumage is tinged with rose; -- called also Ross's gull.


   Wedge"wise` (?), adv. In the manner of a wedge.

                                 Wedgwood ware

   Wedg"wood` ware` (?). [From the name of the inventor, Josiah Wedgwood,
   of England.] A kind of fine pottery, the most remarkable being what is
   called  jasper,  either  white,  or  colored  throughout the body, and
   capable of being molded into the most delicate forms, so that fine and
   minute bas-reliefs like cameos were made of it, fit even for being set
   as jewels.


   Wedg"y (?), a. Like a wedge; wedge-shaped.


   Wed"lock  (?), n. [AS. wedl\'bec a pledge, be trothal; wedd a pledge +
   l\'bec  a  gift,  an  offering.  See  Wed,  n.,  and  cf. Lake, v. i.,

   1.  The ceremony, or the state, of marriage; matrimony. "That blissful
   yoke . . . that men clepeth [call] spousal, or wedlock." Chaucer.

     For  what  is  wedlock  forced  but  a  hell,  An age of discord or
     continual strife? Shak.

   2. A wife; a married woman. [Obs.] B. Jonson. Syn. -- See Marriage.


   Wed"lock, v. t. To marry; to unite in marriage; to wed. [R.] "Man thus
   wedlocked." Milton.


   Wednes"day  (?;  48),  n.  [OE.  wednesdai, wodnesdei, AS. W&omac;dnes
   d\'91g,  i.  e.,  Woden's day (a translation of L. dies Mercurii); fr.
   W&omac;den  the  highest  god  of the Teutonic peoples, but identified
   with the Roman god Mercury; akin to OS. W&omac;dan, OHG. Wuotan, Icel.
   O&edh;inn, D. woensdag Wednesday, Icel. &omac;&edh;insdagr, Dan. & Sw.
   onsdag.  See Day, and cf. Woden, Wood, a.] The fourth day of the week;
   the next day after Tuesday. Ash Wednesday. See in the Vocabulary.


   Wee  (?),  n.  [OE.  we  a  bit,  in  a little we, probably originally
   meaning,  a  little  way,  the  word  we  for wei being later taken as
   synonymous  with little. See Way.] A little; a bit, as of space, time,
   or distance. [Obs. or Scot.]


   Wee, a. Very small; little. [Colloq. & Scot.]

     A little wee face, with a little yellow beard. Shak.


   Weech"-elm` (?), n. (Bot.) The wych-elm. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Weed  (?),  n.  [OE.  wede,  AS. w, w; akin to OS. w\'bedi, giw\'bedi,
   OFries,  w,  w,  OD.  wade,  OHG.  w\'bet,  Icel.  v\'be, Zend vadh to

   1.  A  garment;  clothing;  especially,  an  upper  or  outer garment.
   ."  Spenser.  "Woman's  weeds."  Shak.  "This  beggar  woman's  weed."

     He on his bed sat, the soft weeds he wore Put off. Chapman.

   2.  An  article of dress worn in token of grief; a mourning garment or
   badge;  as,  he  wore  a  weed  on his hat; especially, in the plural,
   mourning garb, as of a woman; as, a widow's weeds.

     In  a mourning weed, with ashes upon her head, and tears abundantly
     flowing. Milton.


   Weed, n. A sudden illness or relapse, often attended with fever, which
   attacks women in childbed. [Scot.]


   Weed,  n. [OE. weed, weod, AS. we\'a2d, wi\'a2d, akin to OS. wiod, LG.
   woden  the  stalks  and  leaves  of  vegetables D. wieden to weed, OS.

   1. Underbrush; low shrubs. [Obs. or Archaic]

     One rushing forth out of the thickest weed. Spenser.

     A  wild  and  wanton  pard  .  .  .  Crouched  fawning in the weed.

   2. Any plant growing in cultivated ground to the injury of the crop or
   desired   vegetation,  or  to  the  disfigurement  of  the  place;  an
   unsightly, useless, or injurious plant.

     Too much manuring filled that field with weeds. Denham.

     NOTE: &hand; The word has no definite application to any particular
     plant,  or  species  of  plants. Whatever plants grow among corn or
     grass,  in  hedges, or elsewhere, and are useless to man, injurious
     to crops, or unsightly or out of place, are denominated weeds.

   3. Fig.: Something unprofitable or troublesome; anything useless.

   4. (Stock Breeding) An animal unfit to breed from.

   5. Tobacco, or a cigar. [Slang]
   Weed hook, a hook used for cutting away or extirpating weeds. Tusser.


   Weed,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Weeded; p. pr. & vb. n. Weeding.] [AS.
   we\'a2dian. See 3d Weed.]

   1. To free from noxious plants; to clear of weeds; as, to weed corn or
   onions; to weed a garden.

   2.  To  take away, as noxious plants; to remove, as something hurtful;
   to extirpate. "Weed up thyme." Shak.

     Wise fathers . . . weeding from their children ill things. Ascham.

     Revenge is a kind of wild justice, which the more man's nature runs
     to, the more ought law to weed it out. Bacon.

   3. To free from anything hurtful or offensive.

     He weeded the kingdom of such as were devoted to Elaiana. Howell.

   4. (Stock Breeding) To reject as unfit for breeding purposes.


   Weed"er  (?), n. One who, or that which, weeds, or frees from anything


   Weed"er*y  (?), n. Weeds, collectively; also, a place full of weeds or
   for growing weeds. [R.] Dr. H. More.


   Weed"ing,  a. & n. from Weed, v. Weeding chisel, a tool with a divided
   chisel-like end, for cutting the roots of large weeds under ground. --
   Weeding  forceps,  an instrument for taking up some sorts of plants in
   weeding.  --  Weeding  fork,  a  strong,  three-pronged  fork, used in
   clearing  ground  of  weeds;  --  called also weeding iron. -- Weeding
   hook.  Same  as Weed hook, under 3d Weed. -- Weeding iron. See Weeding
   fork, above. -- Weeding tongs. Same as Weeding forceps, above.


   Weed"ing-rhim`  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Prov.  E.  rim  to  remove.] A kind of
   implement  used  for  tearing  up weeds esp. on summer fallows. [Prov.


   Weed"less, a. Free from weeds or noxious matter.


   Weed"y (?), a. [Compar. Weedier (?); superl. Weediest.]

   1.  Of  or pertaining to weeds; consisting of weeds. "Weedy trophies."

   2.  Abounding  with  weeds;  as,  weedy grounds; a weedy garden; weedy

     See from the weedy earth a rivulet break. Bryant.

   3. Scraggy; ill-shaped; ungainly; -- said of colts or horses, and also
   of persons. [Colloq.]


   Weed"y, a. Dressed in weeds, or mourning garments. [R. or Colloq.]

     She was as weedy as in the early days of her mourning. Dickens.

   Page 1639


   Week  (?),  n. [OE. weke, wike, woke, wuke AS. weocu, wicu, wucu; akin
   to OS. wika, OFries. wike, D. week, G. woche, OHG. wohha, wehha, Icel.
   vika,  Sw.  vecka, Dan. uge, Goth. wik, probably originally meaning, a
   succession  or  change,  and akin to G. wechsel change, L. vicis turn,
   alternation,  and  E. weak. Cf. Weak.] A period of seven days, usually
   that reckoned from one Sabbath or Sunday to the next.

     I fast twice in the week. Luke xviii. 12.

     NOTE: &hand; Although it [the week] did not enter into the calendar
     of  the Greeks, and was not introduced at Rome till after the reign
     of  Theodesius, it has been employed from time immemorial in almost
     all Eastern countries. Encyc. Brit.

   Feast  of Weeks. See Pentecost, 1. -- Prophetic week, a week of years,
   or seven years. Dan. ix. 24. -- Week day. See under Day.


   Week"ly (?), a.

   1. Of or pertaining to a week, or week days; as, weekly labor.

   2.  Coming,  happening, or done once a week; hebdomadary; as, a weekly
   payment; a weekly gazette.


   Week"ly,  n.; pl. Weeklies (. A publication issued once in seven days,
   or appearing once a week.


   Week"ly,  adv.  Once  a week; by hebdomadal periods; as, each performs
   service weekly.


   Week"wam (?), n. See Wigwam. [R.]


   Weel (?), a. & adv. Well. [Obs. or Scot.]


   Weel, n. [AS. w\'d6l. \'fb147.] A whirlpool. [Obs.]

                                  Weel, Weely

   Weel  (?),  Weel"y  (?),[Prov. E. weel, weal, a wicker basket to catch
   eels;  prob. akin to willow, and so called as made of willow twigs.] A
   kind of trap or snare for fish, made of twigs. [Obs.] Carew.


   Ween  (?),  v. i. [OE. wenen, AS. w, fr. w hope, expectation, opinion;
   akin to D. waan, OFries. w, OS. & OHG. w\'ben, G. wahn delusion, Icel.
   v\'ben  hope,  expectation,  Goth.  w,  and  D.  wanen  to  fancy,  G.
   w\'84hnen,  Icel. v\'bena to hope, Goth. w, and perhaps to E. winsome,
   wish.]  To  think;  to  imagine;  to  fancy. [Obs. or Poetic] Spenser.

     I have lost more than thou wenest. Chaucer.

     For  well  I ween, Never before in the bowers of light Had the form
     of an earthly fay been seen. J. R. Drake.

     Though   never  a  dream  the  roses  sent  Of  science  or  love's
     compliment, I ween they smelt as sweet. Mrs. Browning.


   Weep  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) The lapwing; the wipe; -- so called from its


   Weep, obs. imp. of Weep, for wept. Chaucer.


   Weep,  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Wept (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Weeping.] [OE.
   wepen,  AS.  w, from w lamentation; akin to OFries. w to lament, OS. w
   lamentation,  OHG.  wuof,  Icel.  a shouting, crying, OS. w to lament,
   OHG. wuoffan, wuoffen, Icel. , Goth. w.

   1.  Formerly,  to  express sorrow, grief, or anguish, by outcry, or by
   other  manifest  signs; in modern use, to show grief or other passions
   by shedding tears; to shed tears; to cry.

     And they all wept sore, and fell on Paul's neck. Acts xx. 37.

     Phocion was rarely seen to weep or to laugh. Mitford.

     And eyes that wake to weep. Mrs. Hemans.

     And they wept together in silence. Longfellow.

   2.  To lament; to complain. "They weep unto me, saying, Give us flesh,
   that we may eat." Num. xi. 13.

   3. To flow in drops; to run in drops.

     The blood weeps from my heart. Shak.

   4. To drop water, or the like; to drip; to be soaked.

   5.  To hang the branches, as if in sorrow; to be pendent; to droop; --
   said of a plant or its branches.


   Weep, v. t.

   1.  To lament; to bewail; to bemoan. "I weep bitterly the dead." A. S.

     We  wandering  go Through dreary wastes, and weep each other's woe.

   2.  To  shed,  or  pour  forth,  as tears; to shed drop by drop, as if
   tears; as, to weep tears of joy.

     Tears, such as angels weep, burst forth. Milton.

     Groves whose rich trees wept odorous gums and balm. Milton.


   Weep"er (?), n.

   1. One who weeps; esp., one who sheds tears.

   2.  A  white band or border worn on the sleeve as a badge of mourning.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) The capuchin. See Capuchin, 3 (a).


   Weep"ful  (?),  a.  Full  of  weeping or lamentation; grieving. [Obs.]


   Weep"ing,  n.  The  act  of  one  who  weeps;  lamentation with tears;
   shedding of tears.


   Weep"ing, a.

   1. Grieving; lamenting; shedding tears. "Weeping eyes." I. Watts.

   2.  Discharging  water,  or  other  liquid,  in  drops or very slowly;
   surcharged with water. "Weeping grounds." Mortimer.

   3.  Having  slender,  pendent  branches; -- said of trees; as, weeping
   willow; a weeping ash.

   4. Pertaining to lamentation, or those who weep.
   Weeping  cross,  a  cross erected on or by the highway, especially for
   the  devotions of penitents; hence, to return by the weeping cross, to
   return  from  some undertaking in humiliation or penitence. -- Weeping
   rock,  a  porous  rock  from  which water gradually issues. -- Weeping
   sinew, a ganglion. See Ganglion, n., 2. [Colloq.] -- Weeping spring, a
   spring  that  discharges  water  slowly.  --  Weeping willow (Bot.), a
   species of willow (Salix Babylonica) whose branches grow very long and
   slender, and hang down almost perpendicularly. <-- Illustr. of Weeping
   willow. -->


   Weep"ing*ly (?), adv. In a weeping manner.


   Weep"ing-ripe` (?), a. Ripe for weeping; ready to weep. [Obs.] Shak.


   Weer"ish (?), a. See Wearish. [Obs.]


   Wee"sel (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Weasel.


   Weet (?), a. & n. Wet. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Weet, v. i. [imp. Wot (?).] [See Wit to know.] To know; to wit. [Obs.]
   Tyndale. Spenser.


   Weet"-bird` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The wryneck; -- so called from its cry.
   [Prov. Eng.]


   Weet"ing*ly, adv. Knowingly. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Weet"less, a. Unknowing; also, unknown; unmeaning. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Weet"-weet`  (?),  n.  [So called from its piping cry when disturbed.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The  common  European  sandpiper.  (b) The chaffinch.
   [Prov. Eng.]


   Wee"ver  (?), n. [Probably from F. vive, OF. vivre, a kind of fish, L.
   vipera  viper.  Cf.  Viper.]  (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species of
   edible  marine  fishes belonging to the genus Trachinus, of the family
   Trachinid\'91.  They  have a broad spinose head, with the eyes looking
   upward.  The  long  dorsal  fin is supported by numerous strong, sharp
   spines  which  cause  painful  wounds.  <--  Illustr.  of Great weever
   (Trachinus draco) -->

     NOTE: &hand; Th e tw o Br itish sp ecies are the great, or greater,
     weever  (Trachinus  draco),  which becomes a foot long (called also
     gowdie,  sea cat, stingbull, and weaverfish), and the lesser weever
     (T.  vipera),  about  half  as  large  (called also otter pike, and


   Wee"vil  (?),  n.  [OE.  wivel,  wevil,  AS. wifel, wibil; akin to OD.
   wevel,  OHG.  wibil,  wibel,  G.  wiebel, wibel, and probably to Lith.
   vabalas  beetle,  and  E.  weave.  See  Weave.]  (Zo\'94l.) Any one of
   numerous  species of snout beetles, or Rhynchophora, in which the head
   is elongated and usually curved downward. Many of the species are very
   injurious  to  cultivated  plants. The larv\'91 of some of the species
   live in nuts, fruit, and grain by eating out the interior, as the plum
   weevil,  or curculio, the nut weevils, and the grain weevil (see under
   Plum,  Nut,  and  Grain). The larv\'91 of other species bore under the
   bark  and into the pith of trees and various other plants, as the pine
   weevils  (see  under  Pine).  See  also  Pea weevil, Rice weevil, Seed
   weevil, under Pea, Rice, and Seed.


   Wee"viled  (?),  a.  Infested by weevils; as, weeviled grain. [Written
   also weevilled.]


   Wee"vil*y (?), a. Having weevils; weeviled. [Written also weevilly.]


   Wee"zel (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Weasel.


   Weft (?), obs. imp. & p. p. of Wave.


   Weft,  n.  [Cf.  Waif.]  A  thing waved, waived, or cast away; a waif.
   [Obs.] "A forlorn weft." Spenser.


   Weft, n. [AS. weft, wefta, fr. wefan, to weave. See Weave.]

   1.  The woof of cloth; the threads that cross the warp from selvage to
   selvage; the thread carried by the shuttle in weaving.

   2. A web; a thing woven.


   Weft"age (?), n. Texture. [Obs.] Grew.


   We"go*tism  (?),  n. [From we, in imitation of egotism.] Excessive use
   of the pronoun we; -- called also weism. [Colloq. or Cant]

                              Wehrgeld, Wehrgelt

   Wehr"geld` (?), Wehr"gelt` (?), n. (O. Eng. Law) See Weregild.


   Wehr"wolf` (?), n. See Werewolf.

                               Weigela, Weigelia

   Wei"gel*a (?), Wei*ge"li*a (?), n. [NL. So named after C. E. Weigel, a
   German  naturalist.]  (Bot.) A hardy garden shrub (Diervilla Japonica)
   belonging to the Honeysuckle family, with withe or red flowers. It was
   introduced from China.


   Weigh  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  A corruption of Way, used only in the phrase
   under weigh.

     An expedition was got under weigh from New York. Thackeray.

     The  Athenians  .  .  .  hurried  on  board  and  with considerable
     difficulty got under weigh. Jowett (Thucyd.).


   Weigh,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Weighed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Weighing.]
   [OE.  weien,  weyen, weghen, AS. wegan to bear, move; akin to D. wegen
   to  weigh, G. w\'84gen, wiegen, to weigh, bewegen to move, OHG. wegan,
   Icel.  vega  to  move,  carry, lift, weigh, Sw. v\'84ga to weigh, Dan.
   veie,  Goth.  gawigan to shake, L. vehere to carry, Skr. vah. Way, and
   cf. Wey.]

   1.  To  bear  up;  to raise; to lift into the air; to swing up; as, to
   weigh anchor. "Weigh the vessel up." Cowper.

   2. To examine by the balance; to ascertain the weight of, that is, the
   force  with  which  a  thing  tends  to  the  center  of the earth; to
   determine the heaviness, or quantity of matter of; as, to weigh sugar;
   to weigh gold.

     Thou  art  weighed  in the balances, and art found wanting. Dan. v.

   3.  To  be  equivalent  to  in  weight; to counterbalance; to have the
   heaviness of. "A body weighing divers ounces." Boyle.

   4. To pay, allot, take, or give by weight.

     They weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver. Zech. xi. 12.

   5.  To examine or test as if by the balance; to ponder in the mind; to
   consider or examine for the purpose of forming an opinion or coming to
   a conclusion; to estimate deliberately and maturely; to balance.

     A young man not weighed in state affairs. Bacon.

     Had no better weighed The strength he was to cope with, or his own.

     Regard not who it is which speaketh, but weigh only what is spoken.

     In nice balance, truth with gold she weighs. Pope.

     Without sufficiently weighing his expressions. Sir W. Scott.

   6.  To  consider  as worthy of notice; to regard. [Obs. or Archaic] "I
   weigh not you." Shak.

     All that she so dear did weigh. Spenser.

   To  weigh  down.  (a)  To  overbalance. (b) To oppress with weight; to
   overburden; to depress. "To weigh thy spirits down." Milton.
   Weigh (?), v. i.
   1. To have weight; to be heavy. "They only weigh the heavier." Cowper.
   2.  To  be considered as important; to have weight in the intellectual
     Your vows to her and me . . . will even weigh. Shak.

     This  objection ought to weigh with those whose reading is designed
     for much talk and little knowledge. Locke.

   3. To bear heavily; to press hard.

     Cleanse  the stuffed bosom of that perilous stuff Which weighs upon
     the heart. Shak.

   4. To judge; to estimate. [R.]

     Could not weigh of worthiness aright. Spenser.

   To weigh down, to sink by its own weight.


   Weigh,  n.  [See  Wey.]  A  certain  quantity  estimated by weight; an
   English measure of weight. See Wey.


   Weigh"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being weighed.


   Weigh"age  (?;  48),  n. A duty or toil paid for weighing merchandise.


   Weigh"beam`   (?),   n.   A  kind  of  large  steelyard  for  weighing
   merchandise; -- also called weighmaster's beam.


   Weigh"board` (?), n. (Mining) Clay intersecting a vein. Weale.


   Weigh"bridge`  (?), n. A weighing machine on which loaded carts may be
   weighed; platform scales.


   Weigh"er  (?),  n. One who weighs; specifically, an officer whose duty
   it is to weigh commodities.


   Weigh"*house`  (?),  n.;  pl.  Weigh-houses (. A building at or within
   which goods, and the like, are weighed.


   Weigh"ing, a. & n. from Weigh, v. Weighing cage, a cage in which small
   living  animals  may  be  conveniently weighed. -- Weighing house. See
   Weigh-house.  --  Weighing machine, any large machine or apparatus for
   weighing;  especially,  platform  scales  arranged  for weighing heavy
   bodies, as loaded wagons.


   Weigh"lock`  (?), n. A lock, as on a canal, in which boats are weighed
   and their tonnage is settled.


   Weigh"mas`ter  (?),  n.  One  whose  business it is to weigh ore, hay,
   merchandise, etc.; one licensed as a public weigher.


   Weight  (?),  n.  [OE. weght, wight, AS. gewiht; akin to D. gewigt, G.
   gewicht, Icel. v\'91tt, Sw. vigt, Dan. v\'91gt. See Weigh, v. t.]

   1.  The  quality of being heavy; that property of bodies by which they
   tend  toward the center of the earth; the effect of gravitative force,
   especially  when  expressed  in certain units or standards, as pounds,
   grams, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; We ight di ffers fr om gr avity in being the effect of
     gravity,  or the downward pressure of a body under the influence of
     gravity;  hence,  it constitutes a measure of the force of gravity,
     and  being  the resultant of all the forces exerted by gravity upon
     the  different  particles  of  the  body, it is proportional to the
     quantity of matter in the body.

   2.  The  quantity  of heaviness; comparative tendency to the center of
   the  earth;  the  quantity  of  matter as estimated by the balance, or
   expressed numerically with reference to some standard unit; as, a mass
   of stone having the weight of five hundred pounds.

     For  sorrow,  like  a heavy-hanging bell, Once set on ringing, with
     his own weight goes. Shak.

   3.  Hence,  pressure; burden; as, the weight of care or business. "The
   weight of this said time." Shak.

     For the public all this weight he bears. Milton.

     [He] who singly bore the world's sad weight. Keble.

   4.   Importance;  power;  influence;  efficacy;  consequence;  moment;
   impressiveness; as, a consideration of vast weight.

     In such a point of weight, so near mine honor. Shak.

   5.  A scale, or graduated standard, of heaviness; a mode of estimating
   weight; as, avoirdupois weight; troy weight; apothecaries' weight.

   6.  A  ponderous  mass;  something  heavy; as, a clock weight; a paper

     A man leapeth better with weights in his hands. Bacon.

   7.  A  definite  mass of iron, lead, brass, or other metal, to be used
   for ascertaining the weight of other bodies; as, an ounce weight.

   8.  (Mech.) The resistance against which a machine acts, as opposed to
   the power which moves it. [Obs.]
   Atomic  weight.  (Chem.)  See  under  Atomic, and cf. Element. -- Dead
   weight,  Feather  weight,  Heavy  weight, Light weight, etc. See under
   Dead,  Feather,  etc.  -- Weight of observation (Astron. & Physics), a
   number expressing the most probable relative value of each observation
   in  determining  the  result  of  a series of observations of the same
   kind.  Syn.  --  Ponderousness;  gravity; heaviness; pressure; burden;
   load;  importance;  power;  influence;  efficacy; consequence; moment;


   Weight, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Weighted; p. pr. & vb. n. Weighting.]

   1.  To  load with a weight or weights; to load down; to make heavy; to
   attach  weights  to;  as,  to weight a horse or a jockey at a race; to
   weight a whip handle.

     The arrows of satire, . . . weighted with sense. Coleridge.

   2.  (Astron.  & Physics) To assign a weight to; to express by a number
   the   probable   accuracy   of,  as  an  observation.  See  Weight  of
   observations, under Weight.

   Page 1640


   Weight"i*ly (?), adv. In a weighty manner.


   Weight"i*ness  (?),  n. The quality or state of being weighty; weight;
   force; importance; impressiveness.


   Weight"less, a. Having no weight; imponderable; hence, light. Shak.


   Weight"y (?), a. [Compar. Weightier (?); superl. Weightiest.]

   1. Having weight; heavy; ponderous; as, a weighty body.

   2. Adapted to turn the balance in the mind, or to convince; important;
   forcible; serious; momentous. "For sundry weighty reasons." Shak.

     Let me have your advice in a weighty affair. Swift.

   3. Rigorous; severe; afflictive. [R.] "Attend our weightier judgment."
   Shak.   Syn.  --  Heavy;  ponderous;  burdensome;  onerous;  forcible;
   momentous; efficacious; impressive; cogent.

                                  Weir, Wear

   Weir  (?),  Wear, n. [OE. wer, AS. wer; akin to G. wehr, AS. werian to
   defend,  protect,  hinder,  G. wehren, Goth. warjan; and perhaps to E.
   wary; or cf. Skr. vr to check, hinder. &root;142. Cf. Garret.]

   1.  A  dam  in a river to stop and raise the water, for the purpose of
   conducting it to a mill, forming a fish pond, or the like.

   2.  A  fence  of  stakes,  brushwood,  or  the  like, set in a stream,
   tideway, or inlet of the sea, for taking fish.

   3.  A  long  notch with a horizontal edge, as in the top of a vertical
   plate  or  plank,  through which water flows, -- used in measuring the
   quantity of flowing water.


   Weird  (?),  n.  [OE. wirde, werde, AS. wyrd fate, fortune, one of the
   Fates,  fr.  weor  to be, to become; akin to OS. wurd fate, OHG. wurt,
   Icel. ur. Worth to become.]

   1.  Fate;  destiny;  one  of  the Fates, or Norns; also, a prediction.
   [Obs. or Scot.]

   2. A spell or charm. [Obs. or Scot.] Sir W. Scott.


   Weird, a.

   1. Of or pertaining to fate; concerned with destiny.

   2.  Of  or pertaining to witchcraft; caused by, or suggesting, magical
   influence;  supernatural;  unearthly;  wild;  as,  a weird appearance,
   look, sound, etc.

     Myself too had weird seizures. Tennyson.

     Those  sweet,  low  tones,  that  seemed  like a weird incantation.

   Weird sisters, the Fates. [Scot.] G. Douglas.

     NOTE: &hand; Sh akespeare us es th e te rm for the three witches in

     The weird sisters, hand in hand, Posters of the sea and land. Shak.


   Weird,  v.  t.  To  foretell  the  fate of; to predict; to destine to.
   [Scot.] Jamieson.


   Weird"ness, n. The quality or state of being weird.


   We"ism (?), n. Same as Wegotism.


   Weive (?), v. t. See Waive. [Obs.] Gower.


   We"ka  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  New Zealand rail (Ocydromus australis)
   which has wings so short as to be incapable of flight.


   We"kau  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small  New  Zealand  owl  (Sceloglaux
   albifacies).  It  has  short wings and long legs, and lives chiefly on
   the ground.


   We*keen" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The meadow pipit. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wel"a*way (?), interj. [OE. welaway, walaway, weilawey; wei wo! (Icel.
   vei)  +  la  lo! (AS. l\'be) + wei wo!; cf. AS. w\'be l\'be w\'be. See
   Woe.] Alas! [Obs.]

     Then welaway, for she undone was clean. Wyatt.


   Wel"-be*gone`   (?),   a.  [OE.  wel-begon.  See  Well,  and  Begone.]
   Surrounded with happiness or prosperity. [Obs.]

     Fair and rich and young and wel-begone. Chaucer.


   Welch (?), a. See Welsh. [R.]


   Welch"er (?), n. See Welsher.


   Welch"man (?), n. See Welshman. [R.]


   Wel"come (?), a. [OE. welcome, welcume, wilcume, AS. wilcuma a welcome
   guest,  from wil-, as a prefix, akin to willa will + cuma a comer, fr.
   cuman  to  come;  hence,  properly,  one  who  comes  so  as to please
   another's  will; cf. Icel. velkominn welcome, G. willkommen. See Will,
   n., and Come.]

   1.   Received   with   gladness;  admitted  willingly  to  the  house,
   entertainment, or company; as, a welcome visitor.

     When the glad soul is made Heaven's welcome guest. Cowper.

   2.  Producing gladness; grateful; as, a welcome present; welcome news.
   "O, welcome hour!" Milton.

   3.  Free to have or enjoy gratuitously; as, you are welcome to the use
   of my library.

     NOTE: &hand; We lcome is  us ed el liptically fo r you are welcome.
     "Welcome, great monarch, to your own."

   Dryden.  Welcome-to-our-house  (Bot.),  a  kind  of  spurge (Euphorbia
   Cyparissias). Dr. Prior.


   Wel"come, n.

   1. Salutation to a newcomer. "Welcome ever smiles." Shak.

   2. Kind reception of a guest or newcomer; as, we entered the house and
   found a ready welcome.

     His warmest welcome at an inn. Shenstone.

     Truth finds an entrance and a welcome too. South.

   To bid welcome, to receive with professions of kindness.

     To thee and thy company I bid A hearty welcome. Shak.


   Wel"come,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Welcomed  (?);  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Welcoming.]  [AS.  wilcumian.] To salute with kindness, as a newcomer;
   to  receive  and entertain hospitably and cheerfully; as, to welcome a
   visitor; to welcome a new idea. "I welcome you to land." Addison.

     Thus we salute thee with our early song, And welcome thee, and wish
     thee long. Milton.


   Wel"come*ly, adv. In a welcome manner.


   Wel"come*ness, n. The quality or state of being welcome; gratefulness;
   agreeableness; kind reception.


   Wel"com*er  (?),  n.  One  who  welcomes; one who salutes, or receives
   kindly, a newcomer. Shak.


   Weld (?), v. t. To wield. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Weld  (?),  n. [OE. welde; akin to Scot. wald, Prov. G. waude, G. wau,
   Dan. & Sw. vau, D. wouw.]

   1.  (Bot.)  An herb (Reseda luteola) related to mignonette, growing in
   Europe,  and  to  some extent in America; dyer's broom; dyer's rocket;
   dyer's  weed;  wild  woad. It is used by dyers to give a yellow color.
   [Written also woald, wold, and would.]

   2. Coloring matter or dye extracted from this plant.


   Weld,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Welded; p. pr. & vb. n. Welding.] [Probably
   originally  the  same word as well to spring up, to gush; perhaps from
   the  Scand.;  cf.  Sw.  v\'84lla  to  weld, uppv\'84lla to boil up, to
   spring  up,  Dan.  v\'91lde  to  gush,  G. wellen to weld. See Well to

   1.  To  press or beat into intimate and permanent union, as two pieces
   of iron when heated almost to fusion.

     NOTE: &hand; Very few of the metals, besides iron and platinum. are
     capable  of  being  welded.  Horn  and  tortoise shell possess this
     useful property.

   2. Fig.: To unite closely or intimately.

     Two women faster welded in one love. Tennyson.


   Weld,  n.  The  state of being welded; the joint made by welding. Butt
   weld.  See under Butt. -- Scarf weld, a joint made by overlapping, and
   welding together, the scarfed ends of two pieces.


   Weld"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being welded.


   Weld"er  (?),  n.  One  who  welds, or unites pieces of iron, etc., by


   Weld"er, n.

   1. One who welds, or wields. [Obs.]

   2.  A  manager;  an actual occupant. [Ireland. Obs.] "The welder . . .
   who . . . lives miserably." Swift.

                               Weldon's process

   Wel"don's  proc"ess  (?),  (Chem.)  A  process  for  the  recovery  or
   regeneration  of  manganese dioxide in the manufacture of chlorine, by
   means  of  milk  of lime and the oxygen of the air; -- so called after
   the inventor.


   Wele (?), n. [See Weal prosperity.] Prosperity; happiness; well-being;
   weal. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wele"ful  (?),  a.  Producing prosperity or happiness; blessed. [Obs.]


   We"lew (?), v. t. To welk, or wither. [Obs.]


   Wel"fare`  (?),  n.  [Well  +  fare  to  go,  to  proceed, to happen.]
   Well-doing  or  well-being in any respect; the enjoyment of health and
   the  common  blessings  of  life; exemption from any evil or calamity;
   prosperity; happiness.

     How to study for the people's welfare. Shak.

     In  whose  deep  eyes  Men  read  the welfare of the times to come.


   Wel"far`ing, a. Faring well; prosperous; thriving. [Obs.] "A welfaring
   person." Chaucer.


   Welk  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Welked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Welking.]
   [OE. welken; cf. D. & G. welken to wither, G. welk withered, OHG. welc
   moist.  See Welkin, and cf. Wilt.] To wither; to fade; also, to decay;
   to decline; to wane. [Obs.]

     When ruddy Phwelk in west. Spenser.

     The  church, that before by insensible degrees welked and impaired,
     now with large steps went down hill decaying. Milton.


   Welk, v. t.

   1. To cause to wither; to wilt. [Obs.]

     Mot thy welked neck be to-broke [broken]. Chaucer.

   2. To contract; to shorten. [Obs.]

     Now sad winter welked hath the day. Spenser.

   3. To soak; also, to beat severely. [Prov. Eng.]


   Welk, n. A pustule. See 2d Whelk.


   Welk, n. (Zo\'94l.) A whelk. [R.]


   Welked (?), v. t. See Whelked.


   Wel"kin  (?),  n.  [OE.  welken, welkene, welkne, wolcne, weolcne, AS.
   wolcen,  pl.  wolcnu,  a  cloud;  akin to D. wolk, OFries. wolken, OS.
   wolkan, G. wolke, OHG. wolchan, and probably to G. welk withered, OHG.
   welc  moist, Russ. & OSlav. vlaga moisture, Lith. vilgyti to moisten.]
   The visible regions of the air; the vault of heaven; the sky.

     On the welkne shoon the sterres lyght. Chaucer.

     The fair welkin foully overcast. Spenser.

     When storms the welkin rend. Wordsworth.

     NOTE: &hand; Us ed ad jectively by  Shakespeare in the phase, "Your
     welkin eye," with uncertain meaning.


   Well  (?),  n.  [OE. welle, AS. wella, wylla, from weallan to well up,
   surge, boil; akin to D. wel a spring or fountain. Well, v. i.]

   1. An issue of water from the earth; a spring; a fountain.

     Begin, then, sisters of the sacred well. Milton.

   2.  A  pit  or  hole sunk into the earth to such a depth as to reach a
   supply  of  water,  generally  of a cylindrical form, and often walled
   with stone or bricks to prevent the earth from caving in.

     The  woman  said unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and
     the well is deep. John iv. 11.

   3. A shaft made in the earth to obtain oil or brine.

   4.  Fig.:  A  source  of  supply;  fountain; wellspring. "This well of
   mercy." Chaucer.

     Dan Chaucer, well of English undefiled. Spenser.

     A well of serious thought and pure. Keble.

   5.  (Naut.)  (a) An inclosure in the middle of a vessel's hold, around
   the  pumps,  from  the bottom to the lower deck, to preserve the pumps
   from  damage and facilitate their inspection. (b) A compartment in the
   middle  of  the hold of a fishing vessel, made tight at the sides, but
   having  holes  perforated  in  the  bottom  to  let  in  water for the
   preservation of fish alive while they are transported to market. (c) A
   vertical  passage in the stern into which an auxiliary screw propeller
   may  be drawn up out of water. (d) A depressed space in the after part
   of the deck; -- often called the cockpit.

   6. (Mil.) A hole or excavation in the earth, in mining, from which run
   branches or galleries.

   7.  (Arch.)  An  opening  through  the  floors of a building, as for a
   staircase or an elevator; a wellhole.

   8. (Metal.) The lower part of a furnace, into which the metal falls.
   Artesian  well,  Driven  well. See under Artesian, and Driven. -- Pump
   well.  (Naut.)  See  Well,  5  (a),  above. -- Well boring, the art or
   process of boring an artesian well. -- Well drain. (a) A drain or vent
   for water, somewhat like a well or pit, serving to discharge the water
   of  wet  land.  (b) A drain conducting to a well or pit. -- Well room.
   (a)  A  room where a well or spring is situated; especially, one built
   over  a  mineral  spring.  (b) (Naut.) A depression in the bottom of a
   boat,  into  which  water  may run, and whence it is thrown out with a
   scoop.  --  Well sinker, one who sinks or digs wells. -- Well sinking,
   the  art  or  process  of  sinking or digging wells. -- Well staircase
   (Arch.),  a  staircase  having  a  wellhole  (see  Wellhole  (b)),  as
   distinguished  from one which occupies the whole of the space left for
   it  in the floor. -- Well sweep. Same as Sweep, n., 12. -- Well water,
   the water that flows into a well from subterraneous springs; the water
   drawn from a well.


   Well  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Welled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Welling.]
   [OE.  wellen,  AS. wyllan, wellan, fr. weallan; akin to OFries. walla,
   OS. & OHG. wallan, G. wallen, Icel. vella, G. welle, wave, OHG. wella,
   walm,  AS.  wylm; cf. L. volvere to roll, Gr. Voluble, Wallop to boil,
   Wallow,  Weld  of  metal.] To issue forth, as water from the earth; to
   flow;  to  spring.  "[Blood] welled from out the wound." Dryden. "[Yon
   spring] wells softly forth." Bryant.

     From  his  two springs in Gojam's sunny realm, Pure welling out, he
     through  the  lucid  lake  Of fair Dambea rolls his infant streams.


   Well, v. t. To pour forth, as from a well. Spenser.


   Well, adv. [Compar. and superl. wanting, the deficiency being supplied
   by  better  and  best,  from another root.] [OE. wel, AS. wel; akin to
   OS.,  OFries.,  &  D. wel, G. wohl, OHG. wola, wela, Icel. & Dan. vel,
   Sw.  v\'84l,  Goth.  wa\'a1la;  originally meaning, according to one's
   will or wish. See Will, v. t., and cf. Wealth.]

   1. In a good or proper manner; justly; rightly; not ill or wickedly.

     If thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. Gen. iv. 7.

   2.  Suitably to one's condition, to the occasion, or to a proposed end
   or use; suitably; abundantly; fully; adequately; thoroughly.

     Lot  . . . beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it was well watered
     everywhere. Gen. xiii. 10.

     WE are wellable to overcome it. Num. xiii. 30.

     She looketh well to the ways of her household. Prov. xxxi. 27.

     Servant  of God, well done! well hast thou fought The better fight.

   3.  Fully  or  about;  --  used  with  numbers.  [Obs.] "Well a ten or
   twelve." Chaucer.

     Well nine and twenty in a company. Chaucer.

   4.   In   such   manner  as  is  desirable;  so  as  one  could  wish;
   satisfactorily;  favorably;  advantageously;  conveniently.  "It boded
   well to you." Dryden.

     Know In measure what the mind may well contain. Milton.

     All the world speaks well of you. Pope.

   5. Considerably; not a little; far.

     Abraham  and  Sarah  were old and well stricken in age. Gen. xviii.

     NOTE: &hand; Well is sometimes used elliptically for it is well, as
     an  expression of satisfaction with what has been said or done, and
     sometimes  it  expresses  concession,  or  is merely expletive; as,
     well, the work is done; well, let us go; well, well, be it so.

     NOTE: &hand; We ll, li ke ab ove, il l, and so, is used before many
     participial  adjectives  in its usual adverbial senses, and subject
     to  the  same  custom with regard to the use of the hyphen (see the
     Note  under  Ill, adv.); as, a well-affected supporter; he was well
     affected  toward  the  project; a well-trained speaker; he was well
     trained in speaking; well-educated, or well educated; well-dressed,
     or  well  dressed;  well-appearing;  well-behaved; well-controlled;
     well-designed; well-directed; well-formed; well-meant; well-minded;
     well-ordered;    well-performed;    well-pleased;    well-pleasing;
     well-seasoned;  well-steered;  well-tasted;  well-told,  etc.  Such
     compound  epithets  usually have an obvious meaning, and since they
     may  be  formed  at will, only a few of this class are given in the

   As  well.  See  under  As. -- As well as, and also; together with; not
   less  than;  one as much as the other; as, a sickness long, as well as
   severe; London is the largest city in England, as well as the capital.
   --  Well  enough,  well  or  good  in a moderate degree; so as to give
   satisfaction,  or so as to require no alteration. -- Well off, in good
   condition;  especially,  in  good  condition  as  to  property  or any
   advantages; thriving; prosperous. -- Well to do, well off; prosperous;
   --  used  also adjectively. "The class well to do in the world." J. H.
   Newman.  -- Well to live, in easy circumstances; well off; well to do.


   Well, a.

   1.  Good in condition or circumstances; desirable, either in a natural
   or  moral sense; fortunate; convenient; advantageous; happy; as, it is
   well  for the country that the crops did not fail; it is well that the
   mistake was discovered.

     It was well with us in Egypt. Num. xi. 18.

   2.  Being  in  health;  sound  in body; not ailing, diseased, or sick;
   healthy;  as, a well man; the patient is perfectly well. "Your friends
   are well." Shak.

     Is your father well, the old man of whom ye spake? Gen. xliii. 27.

   3. Being in favor; favored; fortunate.

     He  followed  the  fortunes of that family, and was well with Henry
     the Fourth. Dryden.

   4. (Marine Insurance) Safe; as, a chip warranted well at a certain day
   and place. Burrill.


   Well"a*day  (?),  interj.  [Corrupted  from  wela way.] Alas! Welaway!


   Wel"lat (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The king parrakeet See under King.


   Well"-be`ing  (?),  n.  The state or condition of being well; welfare;
   happiness;  prosperity;  as,  virtue is essential to the well-being of
   men or of society.


   Well"-born`  (?),  a.  Born  of a noble or respect able family; not of
   mean birth.


   Well"-bred`  (?), a. Having good breeding; refined in manners; polite;

     I am as well-bred as the earl's granddaughter. Thackera

   Page 1641


   Well"do`er  (?), n. One who does well; one who does good to another; a


   Well"do`ing,  n.  A doing well; right performance of duties. Also used


   Well"drain`  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Welldrained (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Well-draining.]  To  drain, as land; by means of wells, or pits, which
   receive the water, and from which it is discharged by machinery.


   Well"fare` (?), n. See Welfare. [Obs.]


   Well"-fa"vored  (?),  a.  Handsome; wellformed; beautiful; pleasing to
   the eye.

     Rachel was beautiful and well-favored. Gen. xxix. 17.


   Well"head` (?), n. A source, spring, or fountain.

     At the wellhead the purest streams arise. Spenser.

     Our  public-school  and  university life is a great wellhead of new
     and irresponsible words. Earle.


   Well"hole` (?), n.

   1.  (Arch.) (a) The open space in a floor, to accommodate a staircase.
   (b) The open space left beyond the ends of the steps of a staircase.

   2.  A  cavity  which  receives  a  counterbalancing  weight in certain
   mechanical contrivances, and is adapted also for other purposes. W. M.


   Well`-in*formed"   (?),   a.   Correctly   informed;   provided   with
   information; well furnished with authentic knowledge; intelligent.


   Wel`ling*te"ni*a  (?), n. [NL. So named after the Duke of Wellington.]
   (Bot.)  A  name  given  to  the  "big  trees"  (Sequoia  gigantea)  of
   California, and still used in England. See Sequoia.


   Wel"ling*tons  (?),  n.  pl. [After the Duke of Wellington.] A kind of
   long boots for men.


   Well`-in*ten"tioned  (?),  a.  Having  upright intentions or honorable

     Dutchmen  who had sold themselves to France, as the wellintentioned
     party. Macaulay.


   Well"-known` (?), a. Fully known; generally known or acknowledged.

     A church well known with a well-known rite. M. Arnold.


   Well"-lik`ing (?), a. Being in good condition. [Obs. or Archaic]

     They  also  shall bring forth more fruit in their age, and shall be
     fat and well-liking. Bk. of Com. Prayer (Ps. xcii.).


   Well`-man"nered  (?),  a.  Polite;  well-bred; complaisant; courteous.


   Well"-mean`er (?), n. One whose intention is good. "Well-meaners think
   no harm." Dryden.


   Well"-mean`ing, a. Having a good intention.


   Well`-na"tured (?), a. Good-natured; kind.

     Well-natured, temperate, and wise. Denham.


   Well"-nigh` (?), adv. Almost; nearly. Chaucer.


   Well"-plight`ed  (?),  a. Being well folded. [Obs.] "Her well-plighted
   frock." Spenser.


   Well"-read`  (?),  a.  Of  extensive  reading; deeply versed; -- often
   followed by in.


   Well"-seen`   (?),   a.   Having   seen   much;  hence,  accomplished;
   experienced. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.

     Well-seen in arms and proved in many a fight. Spenser.


   Well"-set` (?), a.

   1. Properly or firmly set.

   2. Well put together; having symmetry of parts.


   Well"-sped` (?), a. Having good success.


   Well"-spo`ken (?), a. [Well + speak.]

   1.  Speaking well; speaking with fitness or grace; speaking kindly. "A
   knight well-spoken." Shak.

   2. Spoken with propriety; as, well-spoken words.


   Well"spring`  (?)  n.  A  fountain;  a  spring;  a source of continual

     Understanding  is  a  wellspring of life unto him that hath it; but
     the instruction of fools is folly. Prov. xvi. 22.


   Well"-will`er  (?),  n.  One who wishes well, or means kindly. [R.] "A
   well-willer of yours." Brydges.


   Well"-wish` (?) n. A wish of happiness. "A well-wish for his friends."


   Well"wish`er  (?),  n.  One  who  wishes  another  well;  one  who  is
   benevolently or friendlily inclined.


   We'll  (?).  Contraction for we will or we shall. "We'll follow them."


   Wels (?), n. [G.] (Zo\'94l.) The sheatfish; -- called also waller.


   Welsh   (?),  a.  [AS.  w\'91lisc,  welisc,  from  wealh  a  stranger,
   foreigner, not of Saxon origin, a Welshman, a Celt, Gael; akin to OHG.
   walh,  whence  G. w\'84lsch or welsch, Celtic, Welsh, Italian, French,
   Foreign,  strange,  OHG. walhisc; from the name of a Celtic tribe. See
   Walnut.]  Of  or  pertaining  to Wales, or its inhabitants. [Sometimes
   written  also  Welch.] Welsh flannel, a fine kind of flannel made from
   the  fleece  of  the  flocks  of  the  Welsh  mountains,  and  largely
   manufactured  by hand. -- Welsh glaive, OR Welsh hook, a weapon of war
   used  in  former  times  by  the Welsh, commonly regarded as a kind of
   poleax. Fairholt. Craig. -- Welsh mortgage (O. Eng. Law), a species of
   mortgage,  being  a conveyance of an estate, redeemable at any time on
   payment  of  the  principal, with an understanding that the profits in
   the  mean  time shall be received by the mortgagee without account, in
   satisfaction  of  interest.  Burrill.  --  Welsh  mutton, a choice and
   delicate kind of mutton obtained from a breed of small sheep in Wales.
   --  Welsh  onion  (Bot.),  a  kind of onion (Allium fistulosum) having
   hollow  inflated stalks and leaves, but scarcely any bulb, a native of
   Siberia.  It  is  said  to  have  been introduced from Germany, and is
   supposed  to  have  derived  its  name  from the German term w\'84lsch
   foreign.  --  Welsh  parsley, hemp, or halters made from hemp. [Obs. &
   Jocular] J. Fletcher. -- Welsh rabbit. See under Rabbit.


   Welsh, n.

   1. The language of Wales, or of the Welsh people.

   2. pl. The natives or inhabitants of Wales.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e Welsh call themselves Cymry, in the plural, and a
     Welshman  Cymro, and their country Cymru, of which the adjective is
     Cymreig,  and the name of their language Cymraeg. They are a branch
     of  the Celtic family, and a relic of the earliest known population
     of  England,  driven into the mountains of Wales by the Anglo-Saxon


   Welsh"er (?), n. One who cheats at a horse race; one who bets, without
   a  chance of being able to pay; one who receives money to back certain
   horses and absconds with it. [Written also welcher.] [Slang, Eng.]


   Welsh"man (?), n.; pl. Welshmen (.

   1. A native or inhabitant of Wales; one of the Welsh.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) A squirrel fish. (b) The large-mouthed black bass.
   See Black bass. [Southern U. S.]


   Wel"some (?), a. Prosperous; well. [Obs.] Wyclif. -- Wel"some*ly, adv.


   Welt  (?),  n. [OE. welte, probably fr. W. gwald a hem, a welt, gwaldu
   to welt or to hem.]

   1. That which, being sewed or otherwise fastened to an edge or border,
   serves to guard, strengthen, or adorn it; as; (a) A small cord covered
   with  cloth and sewed on a seam or border to strengthen it; an edge of
   cloth  folded  on  itself,  usually over a cord, and sewed down. (b) A
   hem,  border,  or  fringe. [Obs.] (c) In shoemaking, a narrow strip of
   leather  around  a  shoe,  between  the upper leather and sole. (d) In
   steam  boilers  and sheet-iron work, a strip riveted upon the edges of
   plates  that  form  a  butt  joint.  (e) In carpentry, a strip of wood
   fastened  over  a  flush seam or joint, or an angle, to strengthen it.
   (f)  In machine-made stockings, a strip, or flap, of which the heel is

   2. (Her.) A narrow border, as of an ordinary, but not extending around
   the ends.
   Welt  joint,  a  joint,  as of plates, made with a welt, instead of by
   overlapping the edges. See Weld, n., 1 (d).


   Welt, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Welted; p. pr. & vb. n. Welting.] To furnish
   with a welt; to sew or fasten a welt on; as, to welt a boot or a shoe;
   to welt a sleeve.


   Welt, v. t. To wilt. [R.]


   Welte (?), obs. imp. of Weld, to wield. Chaucer.


   Wel"ter  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Weltered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Weltering.]  [Freq.  of  OE. walten to roll over, AS. wealtan; akin to
   LG.  weltern,  G.  walzen to roll, to waltz, sich w\'84lzen to welter,
   OHG.  walzan  to  roll,  Icel.  velta,  Dan.  v\'91lte, Sw. v\'84ltra,
   v\'84lta;  cf.  Goth. waltjan; probably akin to E. wallow, well, v. i.
   Well, v. i., and cf. Waltz.]

   1.  To  roll, as the body of an animal; to tumble about, especially in
   anything foul or defiling; to wallow.

     When  we  welter  in  pleasures and idleness, then we eat and drink
     with drunkards. Latimer.

     These wizards welter in wealth's waves. Spenser.

     He  must  not  float upon his watery bier Unwept, and welter to the
     parching wind, Without the meed of some melodious tear. Milton.

     The priests at the altar . . . weltering in their blood. Landor.

   2.  To  rise  and  fall,  as  waves;  to tumble over, as billows. "The
   weltering waves." Milton.

     Waves that, hardly weltering, die away. Wordsworth.

     Through this blindly weltering sea. Trench.


   Wel"ter, v. t. [Cf. Wilt, v. i.] To wither; to wilt. [R.]

     Weltered hearts and blighted . . . memories. I. Taylor.


   Wel"ter, a. (Horse Racing) Of, pertaining to, or designating, the most
   heavily  weighted  race  in  a  meeting; as, a welter race; the welter


   Wel"ter, n.

   1. That in which any person or thing welters, or wallows; filth; mire;

     The  foul welter of our so-called religious or other controversies.

   2.  A  rising  or falling, as of waves; as, the welter of the billows;
   the welter of a tempest.


   Wel*witsch"i*a  (?),  n.  [NL.  So  named  after  the  discoverer, Dr.
   Friedrich  Welwitsch.] (Bot.) An African plant (Welwitschia mirabilis)
   belonging  to  the  order  Gnetace\'91. It consists of a short, woody,
   topshaped  stem,  and  never  more  than  two  leaves,  which  are the
   cotyledons  enormously  developed,  and at length split into diverging


   Wem (?), n. [Cf. Womb.] The abdomen; the uterus; the womb. [Obs.]


   Wem, n. [AS. wam, wamm.] Spot; blemish; harm; hurt. [Obs.] Wyclif.

     Withouten wem of you, through foul and fair. Chaucer.


   Wem,  v.  t.  [AS. wemman.] To stain; to blemish; to harm; to corrupt.


   Wem"less,  a.  Having  no  wem,  or  blemish; spotless. [Obs.] "Virgin
   wemless." Chaucer.


   Wem (?), n. [AS. wenn; akin to D. wen, LG. wenne.] (Med.) An indolent,
   encysted tumor of the skin; especially, a sebaceous cyst.


   Wench  (?),  n.  [OE.  wenche,  for older wenchel a child, originally,
   weak,  tottering;  cf.  AS. wencle a maid, a daughter, wencel a pupil,
   orphan,  wincel,  winclu,  children,  offspring,  wencel  weak, wancol
   unstable, OHG. wanchol; perhaps akin to E. wink. See Wink.]

   1. A young woman; a girl; a maiden. Shak.

     Lord and lady, groom and wench. Chaucer.

     That  they  may  send again My most sweet wench, and gifts to boot.

     He  was  received  by  the  daughter of the house, a pretty, buxom,
     blue-eyed little wench. W. Black.

   2. A low, vicious young woman; a drab; a strumpet.

     She shall be called his wench or his leman. Chaucer.

     It  is  not  a  digression  to  talk  of  bawds in a discourse upon
     wenches. Spectator.

   3. A colored woman; a negress. [U. S.]


   Wench (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Wenched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wenching.]
   To frequent the company of wenches, or women of ill fame.


   Wench"er (?), n. One who wenches; a lewd man.


   Wench"less, a. Being without a wench. Shak.


   Wend (?), obs. p. p. of Wene. Chaucer.


   Wend, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Wended, Obs. Went; p. pr. & vb. n. Wending.]
   [AS.  wendan  to  turn,  to  go,  caus. of windan to wind; akin to OS.
   wendian, OFries. wenda, D. wenden to turn, G. wenden, Icel. venda, Sw.
   v\'84nda, Dan. vende, Goth. wandjan. See Wind to turn, and cf. Went.]

   1.  To  go;  to pass; to betake one's self. "To Canterbury they wend."

     To Athens shall the lovers wend. Shak.

   2. To turn round. [Obs.] Sir W. Raleigh.


   Wend,  v. t. To direct; to betake;- used chiefly in the phrase to wend
   one's way. Also used reflexively. "Great voyages to wend." Surrey.


   Wend,  n.  (O.  Eng. Law) A large extent of ground; a perambulation; a
   circuit. [Obs.] Burrill.


   Wende (?), obs. imp. of Wene. Chaucer.

                                Wendic, Wendish

   Wend"ic  (?),  Wend"ish  (?),  a. Of or pertaining the Wends, or their


   Wend"ic (?), n. The language of the Wends.


   Wends  (?),  n.  pl.;  sing. Wend. (Ethnol.) A Slavic tribe which once
   occupied  the  northern and eastern parts of Germany, of which a small
   remnant exists.


   Wene (?), v. i. To ween. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                 Wenlock group

   Wen"lock  group`  (?),  (Geol.)  The  middle  subdivision of the Upper
   Silurian  in  Great  Britain; -- so named from the typical locality in


   Wen"nel (?), n. See Weanel. [Obs.] Tusser.

                                Wennish, Wenny

   Wen"nish  (?),  Wen"ny (?), a. [From Wen.] Having the nature of a wen;
   resembling a wen; as, a wennish excrescence.


   We*no"na  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A sand snake (Charina plumbea) of Western
   North America, of the family Erycid\'91.


   Went  (?),  imp.  &  p.  p.  of  Wend;  --  now obsolete except as the
   imperfect of go, with which it has no etymological connection. See Go.

     To the church both be they went. Chaucer.


   Went,  n.  Course; way; path; journey; direction. [Obs.] "At a turning
   of a wente." Chaucer.

     But here my weary team, nigh overspent, Shall breathe itself awhile
     after so long a went. Spenser.

     He knew the diverse went of mortal ways. Spenser.


   Wen"tle*trap`  (?),  n.  [D.  wenteltrap  a  winding staircase; cf. G.
   wendeltreppe.]  [Obs.] Any one of numerous species of elegant, usually
   white,  marine  shells  of  the  genus  Scalaria,  especially Scalaria
   pretiosa,  which  was formerly highly valued; -- called also staircase
   shell. See Scalaria.


   Wep (?), obs. imp. of Weep.


   Wep"en (?), n. Weapon. [Obs.]


   Wept (?), imp. & p. p. of Weep.


   Werche (?), v. t. & i. To work. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Were (?), v. t. & i. To wear. See 3d Wear. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Were, n. A weir. See Weir. [Obs.] Chaucer. Sir P. Sidney.


   Were, v. t. [AS. werian.] To guard; to protect. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Were  (?).  [AS. wre (thou) wast, w (we, you, they) were, w imp. subj.
   See  Was.]  The imperfect indicative plural, and imperfect subjunctive
   singular and plural, of the verb be. See Be.


   Were  (?), n. [AS. wer; akin to OS. & OHG. wer, Goth. wa\'a1r, L. vir,
   Skr. v\'c6ra. Cf. Weregild, and Werewolf.]

   1. A man. [Obs.]

   2.  A  fine  for slaying a man; the money value set upon a man's life;
   weregild. [Obs.]

     Every  man  was valued at a certain sum, which was called his were.


   Were"gild`  (?), n. [AS. wergild; wer a man, value set on a man's life
   +  gild  payment  of money; akin to G. wehrgeld. Were a man, and Geld,
   n.]  (O. Eng. Law) The price of a man's head; a compensation paid of a
   man  killed,  partly  to the king for the loss of a subject, partly to
   the  lord  of  a vassal, and partly to the next of kin. It was paid by
   the murderer. [Written also weregeld, weregelt, etc.] Blackstone.


   Were"wolf` (?), n.; pl. Werewolves (#). [AS. werwulf; wer a man + wulf
   a  wolf;  cf.  G.  w\'84rwolf, w\'84hrwolf, wehrwolf, a werewolf, MHG.
   werwolf.  Were  a  man,  and  Wolf,  and  cf. Virile, World.] A person
   transformed  into  a  wolf in form and appetite, either temporarily or
   permanently,  whether  by  supernatural  influences, by witchcraft, or
   voluntarily; a lycanthrope. Belief in werewolves, formerly general, is
   not now extinct.

     The werwolf went about his prey. William of Palerne.

     The brutes that wear our form and face, The werewolves of the human
     race. Longfellow.

                                Werk, n., Werke

   Werk (?), n., Werke, v. See Work. [Obs.]


   Wern (?), v. t. [See 1st Warn.] To refuse. [Obs.]

     He is too great a niggard that will wern A man to light a candle at
     his lantern. Chaucer.


   Wer*ne"ri*an  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to A. G. Werner, The German
   mineralogist and geologist, who classified minerals according to their
   external  characters,  and advocated the theory that the strata of the
   earth's  crust  were formed by depositions from water; designating, or
   according to, Werner's system.


   Wer"ner*ite  (?),  n.  [See  Wernerian.]  (Min.) The common grayish or
   white variety of soapolite.


   We*roo"le  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  Australian  lorikeet (Ptilosclera
   versicolor) noted for the variety of its colors; -- called also varied


   Werre (?), n. War. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   Page 1642


   Wer"rey (?), v. t. To warray. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Werst (?), n. See Verst.


   Wert  (?),  The  second  person  singular,  indicative and subjunctive
   moods,  imperfect  tense, of the verb be. It is formed from were, with
   the  ending  -t, after the analogy of wast. Now used only in solemn or
   poetic style.


   Wert, n. A wart. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wer`y*an"gle (?), n. See Wariangle. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   We"sand (?), n. See Weasand. [Obs.]


   Wesh (?), obs. imp. of Wash. Washed. Chaucer.


   We"sil (?) n. See Weasand. [Obs.]


   Wes"ley*an  (?),  a.  [See Wesleyanism.] Of or pertaining to Wesley or


   Wes"ley*an, n. (Eccl.) One who adopts the principles of Wesleyanism; a


   Wes"ley*an*ism  (?),  n.  (Eccl.)  The  system of doctrines and church
   polity  inculcated  by  John Wesley (b. 1703; d. 1791), the founder of
   the religious sect called Methodist; Methodism. See Methodist, n., 2.


   West  (?),  n. [AS. west, adv.; akin to D. west, G. west, westen, OHG.
   westan,  Icel. vestr, Sw. vest, vester, vestan, Dan. vest, vesten, and
   perhaps to L. vesper evening, Gr. Vesper, Visigoth.]

   1.  The  point  in  the  heavens  where  the sun is seen to set at the
   equinox;  or,  the  corresponding  point on the earth; that one of the
   four  cardinal  points of the compass which is in a direction at right
   angles  to  that  of north and south, and on the left hand of a person
   facing north; the point directly opposite to east.

     And fresh from the west is the free wind's breath. Bryant.

   2.  A  country, or region of country, which, with regard to some other
   country or region, is situated in the direction toward the west.

   3.  Specifically:  (a)  The  Westen  hemisphere,  or  the New World so
   called, it having been discovered by sailing westward from Europe; the
   Occident.  (b) (U. S. Hist. & Geog.) Formerly, that part of the United
   States  west  of  the  Alleghany  mountains;  now, commonly, the whole
   region  west  of the Mississippi river; esp., that part which is north
   of  the  Indian  Territory, New Mexico, etc. Usually with the definite
   West  by  north,  West  by  south,  according  to  the notation of the
   mariner's  compass,  that  point which lies 11 to the north or south,
   respectively,   of  the  point  due  west.  --  West  northwest,  West
   southwest, that point which lies 22 to the north or south of west, or
   halfway  between  west  and  northwest or southwest, respectively. See
   Illust. of Compass.
   West,  a. Lying toward the west; situated at the west, or in a western
   direction  from  the  point  of  observation  or reckoning; proceeding
   toward  the  west,  or  coming from the west; as, a west course is one
   toward  the  west;  an  east and west line; a west wind blows from the

     This shall be your west border. Num. xxxiv. 6.

   West end, the fashionable part of London, commencing from the east, at
   Charing Cross.


   West, adv. [AS. west.] Westward.


   West, v. i.

   1. To pass to the west; to set, as the sun. [Obs.] "The hot sun gan to
   west." Chaucer.

   2.  To  turn  or move toward the west; to veer from the north or south
   toward the west.


   West"er*ing (?), a. Passing to the west.

     Toward heaven's descent had sloped his westering wheel. Milton.


   West"er*ly,  a.  Of or pertaining to the west; toward the west; coming
   from the west; western.


   West"er*ly, adv. Toward the west; westward.


   West"ern (?), a.

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  west; situated in the west, or in the
   region  nearly  in  the direction of west; being in that quarter where
   the sun sets; as, the western shore of France; the western ocean.

     Far o'er the glowing western main. Keble.

   2.  Moving  toward the west; as, a ship makes a western course; coming
   from the west; as, a western breeze.
   Western  Church.  See  Latin  Church,  under  Latin. -- Western empire
   (Hist.),  the  western portion of the Roman empire, as divided, by the
   will  of Theodosius the Great, between his sons Honorius and Arcadius,
   a. d. 395.


   West"ern*er (?), n. A native or inhabitant of the west.


   West"ern*most`  (?),  a.  Situated the farthest towards the west; most

                            West India, West Indian

   West`  In"di*a  (?),  West` In"di*an (?). Belonging or relating to the
   West Indies. West India tea (Bot.), a shrubby plant (Capraria biflora)
   having  oblanceolate  toothed  leaves  which are sometimes used in the
   West Indies as a substitute for tea.

                                  West Indian

   West` In"di*an. A native of, or a dweller in, the West Indies.


   West"ing  (?),  n.  (Naut.  & Surv.) The distance, reckoned toward the
   west,  between  the two meridians passing through the extremities of a
   course,  or  portion of a ship's path; the departure of a course which
   lies to the west of north.


   West"ling (?), n. A westerner. [R.]

                             Westminster Assembly

   West"min`ster As*sem"bly (?). See under Assembly.


   West"most` (?), a. Lying farthest to the west; westernmost.

                              Westward, Westwards

   West"ward  (?),  West"wards  (?),  adv.  [AS. westweard. See West, and
   -ward. ] Toward the west; as, to ride or sail westward.

     Westward the course of empire takes its way. Berkeley.


   West"ward, a. Lying toward the west.

     Yond same star that's westward from the pole. Shak.


   West"ward, n. The western region or countries; the west.


   West"ward*ly, adv. In a westward direction.


   West"y (?), a. Dizzy; giddy. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wet (?), a. [Compar. Wetter (?); superl. Wettest.] [OE. wet, weet, AS.
   wt;  akin  to OFries. wt, Icel. v\'betr, Sw. v\'86t, Dan. vaad, and E.
   water. Water.]

   1.  Containing, or consisting of, water or other liquid; moist; soaked
   with  a liquid; having water or other liquid upon the surface; as, wet
   land; a wet cloth; a wet table. "Wet cheeks." Shak.

   2.  Very  damp;  rainy;  as, wet weather; a wet season. "Wet October's
   torrent flood." Milton.

   3. (Chem.) Employing, or done by means of, water or some other liquid;
   as,  the  wet extraction of copper, in distinction from dry extraction
   in which dry heat or fusion is employed.

   4. Refreshed with liquor; drunk. [Slang] Prior.
   Wet  blanket,  Wet  dock,  etc.  See  under Blanket, Dock, etc. -- Wet
   goods,  intoxicating  liquors.  [Slang]  Syn.  --  Nasty; humid; damp;
   moist. See Nasty.


   Wet (?), n. [AS. w&aemac;ta. See Wet, a.]

   1. Water or wetness; moisture or humidity in considerable degree.

     Have here a cloth and wipe away the wet. Chaucer.

     Now  the  sun,  with  more effectual beams, Had cheered the face of
     earth, and dried the wet From drooping plant. Milton.

   2. Rainy weather; foggy or misty weather.

   3. A dram; a drink. [Slang]


   Wet,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Wet  (rarely  Wetted); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Wetting.]  [AS.  w&aemac;tan.]  To fill or moisten with water or other
   liquid; to sprinkle; to cause to have water or other fluid adherent to
   the  surface;  to dip or soak in a liquid; as, to wet a sponge; to wet
   the  hands;  to  wet  cloth.  "[The  scene] did draw tears from me and
   wetted my paper." Burke.

     Ye  mists and exhalations, that now rise . . . Whether to deck with
     clouds  the  uncolored  sky,  Or wet the thirsty earth with falling
     showers. Milton.

   To  wet  one's  whistle,  to  moisten one's throat; to drink a dram of
   liquor. [Colloq.]

     Let us drink the other cup to wet our whistles. Walton.


   Wet"bird`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) The chaffinch, whose cry is thought to
   foretell rain. [Prov. Eng.]


   Weth"er  (?),  n.  [OE.  wether, AS. we; akin to OS. wethar, withar, a
   ram,  D.  weder,  G. widder, OHG. widar, Icel. ver, Sw. v\'84dur, Dan.
   v\'91dder,  Goth. wiprus a lamb, L. vitulus calf, Skr. vatsa, L. vetus
   old, Gr. Veal, Veteran.] A castrated ram.


   West"ness (?), n.

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of being wet; moisture; humidity; as, the
   wetness of land; the wetness of a cloth.

   2.  A watery or moist state of the atmosphere; a state of being rainy,
   foggy, or misty; as, the wetness of weather or the season.

     NOTE: &hand; Wetness generally implies more water or liquid than is
     implied by humidness or moisture.

                                   Wet nurse

   Wet"  nurse` (?). A nurse who suckles a child, especially the child of
   another woman. Cf. Dry nurse.


   Wet"-shod` (?), a. Having the feet, or the shoes on the feet, wet.


   Wet"tish (?), a. Somewhat wet; moist; humid.


   We"vil (?), n. See Weevil.


   Wex  (?),  v.  t.  &  i. To grow; to wax. [Obs.] Chaucer. "Each wexing
   moon." Dryden.


   Wex, obs. imp. of Wex. Waxed. Chaucer.


   Wex, n. Wax. [Obs.] "Yelwe as wex." Chaucer.


   Wey (?), n. Way; road; path. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wey, v. t. & i. To weigh. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wey  (?),  n.  [OE.  weye, AS. w weight. Weight.] A certain measure of
   weight. [Eng.] "A weye of Essex cheese." Piers Plowman.

     NOTE: &hand; A wey is 6 Simmonds.


     Weyle (?), v. t. & i. To wail. [Obs.] Chaucer.


     Wey"le*way (?), interj. See Welaway. [Obs.]


     Weyve (?), v. t. To waive. [Obs.] Chaucer.


     We"zand (?), n. See Weasand. [Obs.]


     Whaap (?), n. [So called from one of its notes.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) The
     European  curlew; -- called also awp, whaup, great whaup, and stock
     whaup.  (b)  The  whimbrel; -- called also May whaup, little whaup,
     and tang whaup. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]


     Whack  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Whacked (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
     Whacking.]  [Cf.  Thwack.]  To  strike; to beat; to give a heavy or
     resounding blow to; to thrash; to make with whacks. [Colloq.]

     Rodsmen were whackingtheir way through willow brakes. G. W. Cable.


     Whack, v. i. To strike anything with a smart blow.

   To  whack away, to continue striking heavy blows; as, to whack away at
   a log. [Colloq.]


   Whack, n. A smart resounding blow. [Colloq.]


   Whack"er (?), n.

   1. One who whacks. [Colloq.]

   2. Anything very large; specif., a great lie; a whapper. [Colloq.] <--
   = whopper --> Halliwell.


   Whack"ing, a. Very large; whapping. [Colloq.]


   Wha*hoo"  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  An  American  tree, the winged elm. (Ulmus


   Whala  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Whaled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whaling.]
   [Cf. Wale. ] To lash with stripes; to wale; to thrash; to drub. [Prov.
   Eng. & Colloq. U. S.] Halliwell. Bartlett.


   Whale,  n.  [OE.  whal,  AS.  hw\'91l;  akin  to  D. walvisch, G. wal,
   walfisch,  OHG.  wal,  Icel.  hvalr,  Dan.  &  Sw. hval, hvalfisk. Cf.
   Narwhal,  Walrus.] (Zo\'94l.) Any aquatic mammal of the order Cetacea,
   especially  any  one of the large species, some of which become nearly
   one  hundred  feet  long.  Whales are hunted chiefly for their oil and
   baleen,  or  whalebone.  <--  since  the 1920's and the replacement of
   whale  oil  by  petroleum  products  and electricity, whales have been
   hunted  primarily  for  their  meat.  Due to dramatic decreases in the
   whale  population,  the International Whaling Commission was formed to
   regulate  the  hunt,  so  as  to  avoid  extinction  of the endangered
   species.  In the 1990's, only a few countries continued to hunt whales
   in significant numbers. -->

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ex isting whales are divided into two groups: the
     toothed  whales  (Odontocete),  including those that have teeth, as
     the  cachalot, or sperm whale (see Sperm whale); and the baleen, or
     whalebone,  whales (Mysticete), comprising those that are destitute
     of  teeth, but have plates of baleen hanging from the upper jaw, as
     the  right  whales.  The most important species of whalebone whales
     are  the bowhead, or Greenland, whale (see Illust. of Right whale),
     the  Biscay  whale,  the Antarctic whale, the gray whale (see under
     Gray), the humpback, the finback, and the rorqual.

   Whale  bird.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  Any  one  of  several  species of large
   Antarctic petrels which follow whaling vessels, to feed on the blubber
   and  floating oil; especially, Prion turtur (called also blue petrel),
   and  Pseudoprion desolatus. (b) The turnstone; -- so called because it
   lives  on  the  carcasses  of  whales.  [Canada]  -- Whale fin (Com.),
   whalebone.  Simmonds. -- Whale fishery, the fishing for, or occupation
   of  taking,  whales.  --  Whale  louse  (Zo\'94l.), any one of several
   species  of  degraded  amphipod  crustaceans  belonging  to  the genus
   Cyamus,  especially  C. ceti. They are parasitic on various cetaceans.
   --  Whale's  bone,  ivory.  [Obs.]  -- Whale shark. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The
   basking,  or  liver,  shark. (b) A very large harmless shark (Rhinodon
   typicus)  native  of the Indian Ocean. It sometimes becomes sixty feet
   long. -- Whale shot, the name formerly given to spermaceti. -- Whale's
   tongue (Zo\'94l.), a balanoglossus.


   Whale"boat`  (?),  n. (Naut.) A long, narrow boat, sharp at both ends,
   used by whalemen.


   Whale"bone`  (?),  n. A firm, elastic substance resembling horn, taken
   from  the  upper  jaw  of  the  right  whale;  baleen. It is used as a
   stiffening  in  stays,  fans, screens, and for various other purposes.
   See Baleen.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh alebone is  ch iefly ob tained from the bowhead, or
     Greenland, whale, the Biscay whale, and the Antarctic, or southern,
     whale. It is prepared for manufacture by being softened by boiling,
     and dyed black.


   Whale"man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Whalemen  (.  A  man  employed in the whale


   Whal"er (?), n. A vessel or person employed in the whale fishery.


   Whal"er,  n.  One  who  whales, or beats; a big, strong fellow; hence,
   anything of great or unusual size. [Colloq. U. S.]


   Whal"ing, n. The hunting of whales.


   Whal"ing, a. Pertaining to, or employed in, the pursuit of whales; as,
   a whaling voyage; a whaling vessel.


   Whall  (?),  n.  [See  Wall-eye.] A light color of the iris in horses;
   wall-eye. [Written also whaul.]


   Whall"y  (?),  a.  Having  the iris of light color; -- said of horses.
   "Whally eyes." Spenser.


   Whame (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A breeze fly.


   Wham"mel (?), v. t. [Cf. Whelm.] To turn over. [Prov. Eng.]


   Whan (?), adv. When. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Whang  (?),  n. [Cf. Thong.] A leather thong. [Prov. Eng. & Colloq. U.


   Whang, v. t. To beat. [Prov. Eng. & Colloq. U. S.]


   Whang*hee" (?), n. (Bot.) See Wanghee.

                                  Whap, Whop

   Whap  (?), Whop, v. i. [Cf. OE. quappen to palpitate, E. quob, quaver,
   wabble,  awhape,  wap.]  To  throw one's self quickly, or by an abrupt
   motion;  to turn suddenly; as, she whapped down on the floor; the fish
   whapped over. Bartlett.

     NOTE: &hand; This word is used adverbially in the north of England,
     as  in  the  United  States,  when  anything  vanishes,  or is gone
     suddenly; as, whap went the cigar out of my mouth.

                                  Whap, Whop

   Whap,  Whop,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Whapped  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Whapping.] To beat or strike.

                                  Whap, Whop

   Whap, Whop, n. A blow, or quick, smart stroke.

                               Whapper, Whopper

   Whap"per  (?),  Whop"per, n. [See Whap.] Something uncommonly large of
   the  kind; something astonishing; -- applied especially to a bold lie.
   [Colloq.] <-- now usu. whopper. -->

                              Whapping, Whopping

   Whap"ping (?), Whop"ping, a. Very large; monstrous; astonishing; as, a
   whapping story. [Colloq.] <-- now usu. whopping. -->


   Wharf  (?),  n.;  pl. Wharfs (#) or Wharves (#). [AS. hwerf, hwearf, a
   returning, a change, from hweorfan to turn, turn about, go about; akin
   to  D.  werf  a  wharf,  G. werft, Sw. varf a shipbuilder's yard, Dan.
   verft  wharf,  dockyard,  G.  werben  to  enlist, to engage, woo, OHG.
   werban to turn about, go about, be active or occupied, Icel. hverfa to
   turn, Goth. hwa\'a1rban, hwarb\'d3n, to walk. Cf. Whirl.]

   1.  A  structure or platform of timber, masonry, iron, earth, or other
   material,  built  on the shore of a harbor, river, canal, or the like,
   and  usually  extending  from the shore to deep water, so that vessels
   may  lie  close  alongside to receive and discharge cargo, passengers,
   etc.; a quay; a pier.

     Commerce pushes its wharves into the sea. Bancroft.

     Out  upon  the wharfs they came, Knight and burgher, lord and dame.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e pl ural of this word is generally written wharves
     in  the  United  States,  and  wharfs  in  England; but many recent
     English writers use wharves.

   2.  [AS. hwearf.] The bank of a river, or the shore of the sea. [Obs.]
   "The fat weed that roots itself in ease on Lethe wharf." Shak.
   Wharf boat, a kind of boat moored at the bank of a river, and used for
   a wharf, in places where the height of the water is so variable that a
   fixed  wharf  would  be  useless.  [U.  S.]  Bartlett.  --  Wharf rat.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The  common  brown rat. (b) A neglected boy who lives
   around the wharfs. [Slang]

   Page 1643


   Wharf (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wharfed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wharfing.]

   1.  To  guard  or secure by a firm wall of timber or stone constructed
   like a wharf; to furnish with a wharf or wharfs.

   2. To place upon a wharf; to bring to a wharf.


   Wharf"age (?), n.

   1. The fee or duty paid for the privilege of using a wharf for loading
   or unloading goods; pierage, collectively; quayage.

   2. A wharf or wharfs, collectively; wharfing.


   Wharf"ing, n.

   1. Wharfs, collectively.

   2.  (Hydraul.  Engin.) A mode of facing sea walls and embankments with
   planks driven as piles and secured by ties. Knight.


   Wharf"in*ger  (?), n. [For wharfager.] A man who owns, or has the care
   of, a wharf.

                                Wharl, Wharling

   Wharl  (?),  Wharl"ing, n. A guttural pronunciation of the letter r; a
   burr. See Burr, n., 6.

     A strange, uncouth wharling in their speech. Fuller.


   Wharp (?), n. A kind of fine sand from the banks of the Trent, used as
   a polishing powder. [Eng.]


   What  (?),  pron., a., & adv. [AS. hw\'91t, neuter of hw\'be who; akin
   to  OS. hwat what, OFries. hwet, D. & LG. wat, G. was, OHG. waz, hwaz,
   Icel. hvat, Sw. & Dan. hvad, Goth. hwa. &root;182. See Who.]

   1.  As  an  interrogative  pronoun, used in asking questions regarding
   either  persons  or  things;  as, what is this? what did you say? what
   poem is this? what child is lost?

     What see'st thou in the ground? Shak.

     What is man, that thou art mindful of him? Ps. viii. 4.

     What  manner  of  man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey
     him! Matt. viii. 27.

     NOTE: &hand; Or iginally, what, when, where, which, who, why, etc.,
     were  interrogatives  only,  and it is often difficult to determine
     whether  they are used as interrogatives or relatives. What in this
     sense,  when  it refers to things, may be used either substantively
     or  adjectively;  when  it  refers  to  persons,  it  is  used only
     adjectively  with  a  noun  expressed,  who  being the pronoun used

   2. As an exclamatory word: -- (a) Used absolutely or independently; --
   often with a question following. "What welcome be thou." Chaucer.

     What, could ye not watch with me one hour? Matt. xxvi. 40.

   (b)  Used  adjectively, meaning how remarkable, or how great; as, what
   folly! what eloquence! what courage!

     What a piece of work is man! Shak.

     O what a riddle of absurdity! Young.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh at in  th is use has a or an between itself and its
     noun if the qualitative or quantitative importance of the object is

   (c)  Sometimes prefixed to adjectives in an adverbial sense, as nearly
   equivalent to how; as, what happy boys!

     What partial judges are our and hate! Dryden.

   3.  As  a  relative  pronoun:  --  (a)  Used  substantively  with  the
   antecedent  suppressed,  equivalent  to that which, or those [persons]
   who, or those [things] which; -- called a compound relative.

     With joy beyond what victory bestows. Cowper.

     I'm  thinking  Captain Lawton will count the noses of what are left
     before they see their whaleboats. Cooper.

     What followed was in perfect harmony with this beginning. Macaulay.

     I know well . . . how little you will be disposed to criticise what
     comes to you from me. J. H. Newman.

   (b)  Used adjectively, equivalent to the . . . which; the sort or kind
   of . . . which; rarely, the . . . on, or at, which.

     See what natures accompany what colors. Bacon.

     To  restrain  what power either the devil or any earthly enemy hath
     to work us woe. Milton.

     We know what master laid thy keel, What workmen wrought thy ribs of
     steel. Longfellow.

   (c)  Used  adverbially in a sense corresponding to the adjectival use;
   as, he picked what good fruit he saw.

   4.  Whatever;  whatsoever;  what  thing  soever; -- used indefinitely.
   "What after so befall." Chaucer.

     Whether it were the shortness of his foresight, the strength of his
     will, . . . or what it was. Bacon.

   5.  Used  adverbially,  in part; partly; somewhat; -- with a following
   preposition, especially, with, and commonly with repetition.

     What for lust [pleasure] and what for lore. Chaucer.

     Thus,  what  with  the  war,  what  with  the  sweat, what with the
     gallows, and what with poverty, I am custom shrunk. Shak.

     The  year before he had so used the matter that what by force, what
     by  policy,  he  had  taken  from the Christians above thirty small
     castles. Knolles.

     NOTE: &hand; In  su ch phrases as I tell you what, what anticipates
     the following statement, being elliptical for what I think, what it
     is,  how  it is, etc. "I tell thee what, corporal Bardolph, I could
     tear  her."  Shak.  Here  what relates to the last clause, "I could
     tear  her;"  this is what I tell you. What not is often used at the
     close  of  an  enumeration  of  several particulars or articles, it
     being  an  abbreviated  clause, the verb of which, being either the
     same as that of the principal clause or a general word, as be, say,
     mention,  enumerate,  etc.,  is  omitted. "Men hunt, hawk, and what
     not."  Becon.  "Some  dead puppy, or log, orwhat not." C. Kingsley.
     "Battles, tournaments, hunts, and what not." De Quincey. Hence, the
     words  are  often  used  in  a  general  sense  with the force of a
     substantive,  equivalent  to  anything  you please, a miscellany, a
     variety,  etc.  From  this  arises  the name whatnot, applied to an
     \'82tag\'8are, as being a piece of furniture intended for receiving
     miscellaneous  articles  of  use  or  ornament.  <--  also called a
     whatnot  shelf  -->  But what is used for but that, usually after a
     negative,  and excludes everything contrary to the assertion in the
     following  sentence.  "Her  needle  is not so absolutely perfect in
     tent  and  cross  stitch but what my superintendence is advisable."
     Sir W. Scott. "Never fear but what our kite shall fly as high." Ld.

   What  ho!  an  exclamation of calling. -- What if, what will it matter
   if;  what  will  happen or be the result if. "What if it be a poison?"
   Shak.  --  What of this? that? it? etc., what follows from this, that,
   it,  etc.,  often  with  the implication that it is of no consequence.
   "All  this  is  so;  but  what  of this, my lord?" Shak. "The night is
   spent,  why,  what of that?" Shak. -- What though, even granting that;
   allowing  that;  supposing  it  true  that. "What though the rose have
   prickles,  yet't  is  plucked."  Shak.  -- What time, OR What time as,
   when. [Obs. or Archaic] "What time I am afraid, I will trust in thee."
   Ps. lvi. 3.
     What time the morn mysterious visions brings. Pope.

   What (?), n. Something; thing; stuff. [Obs.]

     And  gave  him  for  to feed, Such homely what as serves the simple


   What, interrog. adv. Why? For what purpose? On what account? [Obs.]

     What should I tell the answer of the knight. Chaucer.

     But what do I stand reckoning upon advantages and gains lost by the
     misrule  and  turbulency  of  the  prelates?  What  do I pick up so
     thriftily their scatterings and diminishings of the meaner subject?


   What*e'er"  (?),  pron. A contraction of what-ever; -- used in poetry.
   "Whate'er is in his way." Shak.


   What*ev"er  (?),  pron.  Anything soever which; the thing or things of
   any  kind;  being this or that; of one nature or another; one thing or
   another;  anything  that  may  be;  all  that;  the  whole  that;  all
   particulars that; -- used both substantively and adjectively.

     Whatever fortune stays from his word. Shak.

     Whatever Earth, all-bearing mother, yields. Milton.

     Whatever be its intrinsic value. J. H. Newman.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh  atever of  ten fo  llows a   no  un, be  ing us ed
     elliptically.  "There  being  no  room  for  any physical discovery
     whatever" [sc. it may be].



   What"not (?), n. [See the Note under What, pron., 5.] A kind of stand,
   or  piece  of furniture, having shelves for books, ornaments, etc.; an


   What"so  (?),  indef.  pron. Whatsoever; whosoever; whatever; anything
   that. [Obs.]

     Whatso he were, of high or low estate. Chaucer.

     Whatso the heaven in his wide vault contains. Spenser.


   What`so*e'er"  (?),  pron.  A  contraction  of  whatsoever; -- used in
   poetry. Shak.


   What`so*ev"er (?), pron. & a. Whatever. "In whatsoever shape he lurk."

     Whatsoever God hath said unto thee, do. Gen. xxxi. 16. 

     NOTE: &hand; Th e word is sometimes divided by tmesis. "What things
     soever ye desire."

   Mark xi. 24.


   Whaul (?), n. Same as Whall.


   Whaup (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Whaap. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wheal (?), n. [OE. whele, AS. hwele putrefaction, hwelian to putrefy.]
   A pustule; a whelk. Wiseman.


   Wheal, n. [Cf. Wale.]

   1.  A  more or less elongated mark raised by a stroke; also, a similar
   mark made by any cause; a weal; a wale.

   2.  Specifically  (Med.),  a  flat, burning or itching eminence on the
   skin, such as is produced by a mosquito bite, or in urticaria.


   Wheal, n. [Cornish hwel.] (Mining) A mine.


   Wheal"worm` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The harvest mite; -- so called from the
   wheals, caused by its bite.


   Wheat  (?),  n.  [OE.  whete,  AS. hwte; akin to OS. hwti, D. weit, G.
   weizen,  OHG.  weizzi,  Icel.  hveiti,  Sw.  hvete,  Dan. hvede, Goth.
   hwaiteis,  and  E.  while. See White.] (Bot.) A cereal grass (Triticum
   vulgare)  and its grain, which furnishes a white flour for bread, and,
   next to rice, is the grain most largely used by the human race.

     NOTE: &hand; Of  th is gr ain th e va rieties ar e numerous, as red
     wheat, white wheat, bald wheat, bearded wheat, winter wheat, summer
     wheat,  and  the like. Wheat is not known to exist as a wild native
     plant,  and all statements as to its origin are either incorrect or
     at best only guesses.

   Buck  wheat.  (Bot.)  See  Buckwheat.  --  German wheat. (Bot.) See 2d
   Spelt.  --  Guinea  wheat  (Bot.),  a  name for Indian corn. -- Indian
   wheat,  OR  Tartary  wheat (Bot.), a grain (Fagopyrum Tartaricum) much
   like buckwheat, but only half as large. -- Turkey wheat (Bot.), a name
   for Indian corn. -- Wheat aphid, OR Wheat aphis (Zo\'94l.), any one of
   several  species  of  Aphis  and  allied genera, which suck the sap of
   growing wheat. -- Wheat beetle. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A small, slender, rusty
   brown  beetle  (Sylvanus Surinamensis) whose larv\'91 feed upon wheat,
   rice,  and  other grains. (b) A very small, reddish brown, oval beetle
   (Anobium paniceum) whose larv\'91 eat the interior of grains of wheat.
   --  Wheat  duck  (Zo\'94l.),  the American widgeon. [Western U. S.] --
   Wheat  fly.  (Zo\'94l.)  Same  as  Wheat  midge, below. -- Wheat grass
   (Bot.), a kind of grass (Agropyrum caninum) somewhat resembling wheat.
   It  grows  in  the  northern  parts  of  Europe  and America. -- Wheat
   jointworm.  (Zo\'94l.)  See  Jointworm. -- Wheat louse (Zo\'94l.), any
   wheat  aphid.  -- Wheat maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of a wheat midge.
   --  Wheat  midge.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  small  two-winged fly (Diplosis
   tritici)  which  is  very destructive to growing wheat, both in Europe
   and America. The female lays her eggs in the flowers of wheat, and the
   larv\'91  suck  the  juice  of  the  young kernels and when full grown
   change  to  pup\'91  in  the  earth.  (b)  The  Hessian fly. See under
   Hessian.  -- Wheat moth (Zo\'94l.), any moth whose larv\'91 devour the
   grains  of  wheat,  chiefly  after  it is harvested; a grain moth. See
   Angoumois  Moth,  also Grain moth, under Grain. -- Wheat thief (Bot.),
   gromwell;  --  so  called  because  it  is a troublesome weed in wheat
   fields. See Gromwell. -- Wheat thrips (Zo\'94l.), a small brown thrips
   (Thrips  cerealium)  which  is very injurious to the grains of growing
   wheat.  -- Wheat weevil. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The grain weevil. (b) The rice
   weevil when found in wheat.


   Wheat"bird`  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A bird that feeds on wheat, especially
   the chaffinch.


   Wheat"ear`  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A small European singing bird (Saxicola
   &oe;nanthe).  The male is white beneath, bluish gray above, with black
   wings  and  a  black stripe through each eye. The tail is black at the
   tip  and in the middle, but white at the base and on each side. Called
   also  checkbird,  chickell,  dykehopper,  fallow  chat,  fallow finch,
   stonechat, and whitetail.


   Wheat"en  (?),  a.  [AS. hw\'91ten.] Made of wheat; as, wheaten bread.

                                 Wheatsel bird

   Wheat"sel  bird`  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  The  male of the chaffinch. [Prov.

                              Wheatstone's bridge

   Wheat"stone's bridge` (?). (Elec.) See under Bridge.


   Wheat"worm`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small  nematode worm (Anguillula
   tritici)  which attacks the grains of wheat in the ear. It is found in
   wheat  affected  with  smut,  each of the diseased grains containing a
   large number of the minute young of the worm.


   Whed"er (?) pron. & conj. Whether. [Obs.]


   Whee"dle  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Wheedled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Wheedling (?).] [Cf. G. wedeln to wag with the tail, as a dog, wedel a
   fan,  tail,  brush, OHG. wadal; akin to G. wehen to blow, and E. wind,

   1. To entice by soft words; to cajole; to flatter; to coax.

     The unlucky art of wheedling fools. Dryden.

     And wheedle a world that loves him not. Tennyson.

   2. To grain, or get away, by flattery.

     A  deed  of  settlement  of  the  best  part of her estate, which I
     wheedled out of her. Congreve.


   Whee"dle, v. i. To flatter; to coax; to cajole.


   Wheel  (?), n. [OE. wheel, hweol, AS. hwe\'a2l, hweogul, hweowol; akin
   to  D.  wiel,  Icel. hv\'c7l, Gr. cakra; cf. Icel. hj\'d3l, Dan. hiul,
   Sw. hjul. \'fb218 Cf. Cycle, Cyclopedia.]

   1.  A  circular  frame turning about an axis; a rotating disk, whether
   solid,  or  a  frame  composed of an outer rim, spokes or radii, and a
   central  hub  or  nave,  in  which  is  inserted the axle, -- used for
   supporting  and  conveying  vehicles,  in  machinery,  and for various
   purposes;  as,  the wheel of a wagon, of a locomotive, of a mill, of a
   watch, etc.

     The gasping charioteer beneath the wheel Of his own car. Dryden.

   2.  Any  instrument  having  the  form of, or chiefly consisting of, a
   wheel.  Specifically: -- (a) A spinning wheel. See under Spinning. (b)
   An instrument of torture formerly used.

     His  examination  is like that which is made by the rack and wheel.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is mo de of  to rture is  sa id to  have been first
     employed  in  Germany,  in the fourteenth century. The criminal was
     laid on a cart wheel with his legs and arms extended, and his limbs
     in  that  posture were fractured with an iron bar. In France, where
     its  use  was restricted to the most atrocious crimes, the criminal
     was  first  laid  on  a frame of wood in the form of a St. Andrew's
     cross,  with  grooves  cut  transversely  in it above and below the
     knees  and  elbows,  and the executioner struck eight blows with an
     iron  bar,  so  as  to  break  the limbs in those places, sometimes
     finishing  by  two  or  three  blows on the chest or stomach, which
     usually  put  an  end  to  the life of the criminal, and were hence
     called  coups-de-grace  --  blows  of  mercy. The criminal was then
     unbound,  and  laid on a small wheel, with his face upward, and his
     arms  and  legs  doubled  under  him,  there  to  expire, if he had
     survived the previous treatment. Brande.

   (c)  (Naut.)  A circular frame having handles on the periphery, and an
   axle  which  is  so  connected  with  the tiller as to form a means of
   controlling  the  rudder  for the purpose of steering. (d) (Pottery) A
   potter's wheel. See under Potter.

     Then  I  went down to the potter's house, and, behold, he wrought a
     work on the wheels. Jer. xviii. 3.

     Turn,  turn,  my  wheel! This earthen jar A touch can make, a touch
     can mar. Longfellow.

   (e) (Pyrotechny) A firework which, while burning, is caused to revolve
   on  an  axis  by  the reaction of the escaping gases. (f) (Poetry) The
   burden or refrain of a song.

     NOTE: &hand; "T his me aning ha s a low degree of authority, but is
     supposed  from  the  context  in  the  few  cases where the word is
     found." Nares.

     You  must  sing a-down a-down, An you call him a-down-a. O, how the
     wheel becomes it! Shak.

   Page 1644

   3. A bicycle or a tricycle; a velocipede.

   4.  A  rolling or revolving body; anything of a circular form; a disk;
   an orb. Milton.

   5. A turn revolution; rotation; compass.

     According  to the common vicissitude and wheel of things, the proud
     and  the insolent, after long trampling upon others, come at length
     to be trampled upon themselves. South.

     [He] throws his steep flight in many an a\'89ry wheel. Milton.

   A  wheel  within  a  wheel, OR Wheels within wheels, a complication of
   circumstances,  motives,  etc.  -- Balance wheel. See in the Vocab. --
   Bevel  wheel,  Brake  wheel,  Cam  wheel, Fifth wheel, Overshot wheel,
   Spinning  wheel,  etc.  See  under  Bevel,  Brake, etc. -- Core wheel.
   (Mach.)  (a)  A  mortise  gear. (b) A wheel having a rim perforated to
   receive  wooden  cogs;  the  skeleton  of a mortise gear. -- Measuring
   wheel, an odometer, or perambulator. -- Wheel and axle (Mech.), one of
   the  elementary  machines  or mechanical powers, consisting of a wheel
   fixed  to an axle, and used for raising great weights, by applying the
   power  to the circumference of the wheel, and attaching the weight, by
   a rope or chain, to that of the axle. Called also axis in peritrochio,
   and  perpetual  lever,  -- the principle of equilibrium involved being
   the  same  as  in  the  lever,  while  its  action  is continuous. See
   Mechanical  powers,  under  Mechanical.  --  Wheel  animal,  OR  Wheel
   animalcule  (Zo\'94l.), any one of numerous species of rotifers having
   a ciliated disk at the anterior end. -- Wheel barometer. (Physics) See
   under  Barometer. -- Wheel boat, a boat with wheels, to be used either
   on water or upon inclined planes or railways. -- Wheel bug (Zo\'94l.),
   a  large North American hemipterous insect (Prionidus cristatus) which
   sucks  the  blood of other insects. So named from the curious shape of
   the  prothorax.  --  Wheel  carriage,  a carriage moving on wheels. --
   Wheel  chains,  OR Wheel ropes (Naut.), the chains or ropes connecting
   the  wheel and rudder. -- Wheel cutter, a machine for shaping the cogs
   of  gear  wheels;  a  gear  cutter.  -- Wheel horse, one of the horses
   nearest  to  the  wheels, as opposed to a leader, or forward horse; --
   called  also  wheeler. -- Wheel lathe, a lathe for turning railway-car
   wheels. -- Wheel lock. (a) A letter lock. See under Letter. (b) A kind
   of  gunlock in which sparks were struck from a flint, or piece of iron
   pyrites,  by  a  revolving  wheel.  (c) A kind of brake a carriage. --
   Wheel  ore  (Min.), a variety of bournonite so named from the shape of
   its  twin crystals. See Bournonite. -- Wheel pit (Steam Engine), a pit
   in the ground, in which the lower part of the fly wheel runs. -- Wheel
   plow,  OR  Wheel  plough, a plow having one or two wheels attached, to
   render  it  more  steady,  and to regulate the depth of the furrow. --
   Wheel  press,  a  press  by which railway-car wheels are forced on, or
   off,  their  axles. -- Wheel race, the place in which a water wheel is
   set.  -- Wheel rope (Naut.), a tiller rope. See under Tiller. -- Wheel
   stitch  (Needlework),  a stitch resembling a spider's web, worked into
   the  material,  and  not  over an open space. Caulfeild & S. (Dict. of
   Needlework).  --  Wheel tree (Bot.), a tree (Aspidosperma excelsum) of
   Guiana,  which  has  a  trunk  so  curiously  fluted that a transverse
   section  resembles  the  hub  and spokes of a coarsely made wheel. See
   Paddlewood.  --  Wheel  urchin (Zo\'94l.), any sea urchin of the genus
   Rotula having a round, flat shell. -- Wheel window (Arch.), a circular
   window  having radiating mullions arranged like the spokes of a wheel.
   Cf. Rose window, under Rose.


   Wheel (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wheeled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wheeling.]

   1.  To  convey on wheels, or in a wheeled vehicle; as, to wheel a load
   of hay or wood.

   2.  To  put  into  a  rotatory motion; to cause to turn or revolve; to
   cause  to  gyrate;  to make or perform in a circle. "The beetle wheels
   her droning flight." Gray.

     Now heaven, in all her glory, shone, and rolled Her motions, as the
     great first mover's hand First wheeled their course. Milton.


   Wheel, v. i.

   1. To turn on an axis, or as on an axis; to revolve; to more about; to
   rotate; to gyrate.

     The  moon carried about the earth always shows the same face to us,
     not once wheeling upon her own center. Bentley.

   2.  To  change  direction,  as  if revolving upon an axis or pivot; to
   turn; as, the troops wheeled to the right.

     Being  able  to advance no further, they are in a fair way to wheel
     about to the other extreme. South.

   3. To go round in a circuit; to fetch a compass.

     Then wheeling down the steep of heaven he flies. Pope.

   4. To roll forward.

     Thunder  mixed  with  hail,  Hail  mixed  with  fire, must rend the
     Egyptian  sky,  And  wheel  on the earth, devouring where it rolls.


   Wheel"band` (?), n. The tire of a wheel.


   Wheel"bar`row  (?),  n.  A light vehicle for conveying small loads. It
   has two handles and one wheel, and is rolled by a single person.


   Wheel"bird` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The European goatsucker. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wheeled  (?),  a. Having wheels; -- used chiefly in composition; as, a
   four-wheeled carriage.


   Wheel"er (?), n.

   1. One who wheels, or turns.

   2. A maker of wheels; a wheelwright. [Obs.]

   3. A wheel horse. See under Wheel.

   4.  (Naut.)  A  steam  vessel propelled by a paddle wheel or by paddle
   wheels; -- used chiefly in the terms side-wheeler and stern-wheeler.

   5. A worker on sewed muslin. [Eng.]

   6. (Zo\'94l.) The European goatsucker. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wheel"house`  (?), n. (Naut.) (a) A small house on or above a vessel's
   deck,  containing  the  steering  wheel.  (b)  A paddle box. See under


   Wheel"ing (?), n.

   1.  The  act  of  conveying anything, or traveling, on wheels, or in a
   wheeled vehicle.

   2. The act or practice of using a cycle; cycling.

   3.  Condition  of  a road or roads, which admits of passing on wheels;
   as, it is good wheeling, or bad wheeling.

   4. A turning, or circular movement.


   Wheel"man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Wheelmen  (.  One  who  rides  a bicycle or
   tricycle; a cycler, or cyclist.


   Wheel"-shaped` (?), a.

   1. Shaped like a wheel.

   2. (Bot.) Expanding into a flat, circular border at top, with scarcely
   any tube; as, a wheel-shaped corolla.


   Wheel"swarf` (?), n. See Swarf.


   Wheel"work`  (?),  n.  (Mach.)  A  combination  of  wheels,  and their
   connection, in a machine or mechanism.


   Wheel"-worn`  (?),  a.  Worn by the action of wheels; as, a wheel-worn


   Wheel"wright`  (?),  n.  A  man  whose occupation is to make or repair
   wheels and wheeled vehicles, as carts, wagons, and the like.


   Wheel"y (?), a. Circular; suitable to rotation.


   Wheen  (?), n. [Cf. AS. hw, hw, a little, somewhat, hw little, few.] A
   quantity; a goodly number. [Scot.] "A wheen other dogs." Sir W. Scott.


   Wheeze  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Wheezed  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Wheezing.]  [OE.  whesen,  AS.  hwsan (cf. Icel. hv\'91sa to hiss, Sw.
   hv\'84sa,  Dan.  hv\'91se);  akin  to  AS. hwsta a cough, D. hoest, G.
   husten,  OHG. huosto, Icel. h, Lith. kosti to cough, Skr. k. &root;43.
   Cf.  Husky  hoarse.]  To  breathe  hard, and with an audible piping or
   whistling  sound,  as  persons affected with asthma. "Wheezing lungs."


   Wheeze, n.

   1. A piping or whistling sound caused by difficult respiration.

   2. (Phon.) An ordinary whisper exaggerated so as to produce the hoarse
   sound known as the "stage whisper." It is a forcible whisper with some
   admixture of tone.


   Wheez"y (?), a. Breathing with difficulty and with a wheeze; wheezing.
   Used also figuratively.


   Wheft (?), n. (Naut.) See Waft, n., 4.


   Whelk  (?),  n.  [OE. welk, wilk, AS. weoloc, weloc, wiloc. Cf. Whilk,
   and  Wilk.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  numerous  species  of  large marine
   gastropods  belonging  to  Buccinum  and  allied  genera;  especially,
   Buccinum  undatum,  common  on  the  coasts  both  of Europe and North
   America,  and  much used as food in Europe. Whelk tingle, a dog whelk.
   See under Dog.


   Whelk, n. [OE. whelke, dim. of whele. See Wheal a pustule.]

   1. A papule; a pustule; acne. "His whelks white." Chaucer.

   2. A stripe or mark; a ridge; a wale.
   Chin whelk (Med.), sycosis. -- Rosy whelk (Med.), grog blossom.


   Whelked (?), a. Having whelks; whelky; as, whelked horns. Shak.


   Whelk"y (?), a.

   1. Having whelks, ridges, or protuberances; hence, streaked; striated.

   2. Shelly. "Whelky pearls." Spenser.


   Whelm (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Whelmed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whelming.]
   [OE.  whelmen to turn over, akin to OE. whelven, AS. whelfan, hwylfan,
   in  , , to overwhelm, cover over; akin to OS. bihwelbian, D. welven to
   arch, G. w\'94lben, OHG. welben, Icel. hvelfa to overturn; cf. Gr.

   1.  To  cover  with  water  or  other  fluid; to cover by immersion in
   something that envelops on all sides; to overwhelm; to ingulf.

     She is my prize, or ocean whelm them all! Shak.

     The whelming billow and the faithless oar. Gay.

   2.  Fig.:  To  cover  completely,  as  if  with  water; to immerse; to
   overcome; as, to whelm one in sorrows. "The whelming weight of crime."
   J. H. Newman.

   3.  To  throw  (something)  over  a  thing  so  as to cover it. [Obs.]


   Whelp  (?),  n.  [AS.  hwelp;  akin  to D. welp, G. & OHG. welf, Icel.
   hvelpr, Dan. hvalp, Sw. valp.]

   1. One of the young of a dog or a beast of prey; a puppy; a cub; as, a
   lion's whelps. "A bear robbed of her whelps." 2 Sam. xvii. 8.

   2. A child; a youth; -- jocosely or in contempt.

     That  awkward  whelp  with  his  money  bags  would  have  made his
     entrance. Addison.

   3.  (Naut.)  One of the longitudinal ribs or ridges on the barrel of a
   capstan  or  a windless; -- usually in the plural; as, the whelps of a

   4. One of the teeth of a sprocket wheel.


   Whelp,  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Whelped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whelping.] To
   bring forth young; -- said of the female of the dog and some beasts of


   Whelp, v. t. To bring forth, as cubs or young; to give birth to.

     Unless she had whelped it herself, she could not have loved a thing
     better. B. Jonson.

     Did thy foul fancy whelp so black a scheme? Young.


   When (?), adv. [OE. when, whan, whenne, whanne, AS. hw\'91nne, hwanne,
   hwonne;  akin to OS. hwan, OD. wan, OHG. wanne, G. wann when, wenn if,
   when, Goth. hwan when, and to E. who. Who.]

   1. At what time; -- used interrogatively.

     When shall these things be? Matt. xxiv. 3.

     NOTE: &hand; See the Note under What, pron., 1.

   2. At what time; at, during, or after the time that; at or just after,
   the moment that; -- used relatively.

     Kings may Take their advantage when and how they list. Daniel.

     Book  lore ne'er served, when trial came, Nor gifts, when faith was
     dead. J. H. Newman.

   3. While; whereas; although; -- used in the manner of a conjunction to
   introduce  a  dependent adverbial sentence or clause, having a causal,
   conditional, or adversative relation to the principal proposition; as,
   he  chose  to  turn  highwayman when he might have continued an honest
   man; he removed the tree when it was the best in the grounds.

   4. Which time; then; -- used elliptically as a noun.

     I  was  adopted heir by his consent; Since when, his oath is broke.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh en wa s formerly used as an exclamation of surprise
     or impatience, like what!

     Come  hither;  mend  my  ruff:  Here, when! thou art such a tedious
     lady! J. Webster.

   When as, When that, at the time that; when. [Obs.]

     When as sacred light began to dawn. Milton.

     When that mine eye is famished for a look. Shak.


   When"as` (?), conj. Whereas; while [Obs.]

     Whenas,  if  they would inquire into themselves, they would find no
     such matter. Barrow.


   Whence  (?),  adv.  [OE.  whennes, whens (with adverbial s, properly a
   genitive  ending;  --  see  -wards), also whenne, whanene, AS. hwanan,
   hwanon,  hwonan,  hwanone;  akin  to D. when. See When, and cf. Hence,

   1.  From  what  place;  hence,  from  what  or  which  source, origin,
   antecedent, premise, or the like; how; -- used interrogatively.

     Whence hath this man this wisdom? Matt. xiii. 54.

     Whence and what art thou? Milton.

   2. From what or which place, source, material, cause, etc.; the place,
   source, etc., from which; -- used relatively.

     Grateful to acknowledge whence his good Descends. Milton.

     NOTE: &hand; Al l th e words of this class, whence, where, whither,
     whereabouts,  etc.,  are  occasionally  used as pronouns by a harsh

     O, how unlike the place from whence they fell? Milton.

     NOTE: &hand; From whence, though a pleonasm, is fully authorized by
     the use of good writers.

     From whence come wars and fightings among you? James iv. 1.

   Of whence, also a pleonasm, has become obsolete.


   Whence*ev"er (?), adv. & conj. Whencesoever. [R.]


   Whence`forth"  (?),  adv.  From,  or  forth from, what or which place;
   whence. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Whence`so*ev"er  (?),  adv.  & conj. From what place soever; from what
   cause or source soever.

     Any idea, whencesoever we have it. Locke.


   When*e'er (?), adv. & conj. Whenever.


   When*ev"er  (?),  adv.  & conj. At whatever time. "Whenever that shall
   be." Milton.


   When"nes (?), adv. Whence. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   When`so*ev"er (?), adv. & conj. At what time soever; at whatever time;
   whenever. Mark xiv. 7.

                                  Wher, Where

   Wher  (?),  Where  (, pron. & conj. [See Whether.] Whether. [Sometimes
   written whe'r.] [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

     Men  must  enquire (this is mine assent), Wher she be wise or sober
     or dronkelewe. Chaucer.


   Where (?), adv. [OE. wher, whar, AS. hw; akin to D. waar, OS. hw, OHG.
   hw\'ber,  w\'ber,  w\'be,  G. wo, Icel. and Sw. hvar, Dan. hvor, Goth.
   hwar,  and  E.  who;  cf. Skr. karhi when. &root;182. See Who, and cf.

   1.  At  or  in  what  place;  hence,  in  what situation, position, or
   circumstances; -- used interrogatively.

     God called unto Adam, . . . Where art thou? Gen. iii. 9.

     NOTE: &hand; See the Note under What, pron., 1.

   2.  At or in which place; at the place in which; hence, in the case or
   instance in which; -- used relatively.

     She visited that place where first she was so happy. Sir P. Sidney.

     Where  I thought the remnant of mine age Should have been cherished
     by her childlike duty. Shak.

     Where one on his side fights, thousands will fly. Shak.

     But where he rode one mile, the dwarf ran four. Sir W. Scott.

   3.  To  what  or  which  place; hence, to what goal, result, or issue;
   whither;  --  used  interrogatively  and relatively; as, where are you

     But where does this tend? Goldsmith.

     Lodged in sunny cleft, Where the gold breezes come not. Bryant.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh ere is  of ten us ed pronominally with or without a
     preposition,  in  elliptical  sentences  for  a place in which, the
     place in which, or what place.

     The star . . . stood over where the young child was. Matt. ii. 9.

     The Son of man hath not where to lay his head. Matt. viii. 20.

     Within about twenty paces of where we were. Goldsmith.

     Where did the minstrels come from? Dickens.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh ere is  mu ch used in composition with preposition,
     and  then  is  equivalent  to  a  pronoun.  Cf.  Whereat,  Whereby,
     Wherefore, Wherein, etc.

   Where  away  (Naut.),  in  what direction; as, where away is the land?
   Syn. -- See Whither.


   Where, conj. Whereas.

     And  flight  and die is death destroying death; Where fearing dying
     pays death servile breath. Shak.


   Where, n. Place; situation. [Obs. or Colloq.]

     Finding the nymph asleep in secret where. Spenser.

                            Whereabout, Whereabouts

   Where"a*bout` (?), Where"a*bouts` (?), adv.

   1.  About where; near what or which place; -- used interrogatively and
   relatively; as, whereabouts did you meet him?

     NOTE: &hand; In this sense, whereabouts is the common form.

   2.  Concerning  which;  about  which.  "The object whereabout they are
   conversant." Hooker.

   Page 1645

                            Whereabout, Whereabouts

   Where"a*bout`  (?), Where"a*bouts` (?), n. The place where a person or
   thing is; as, they did not know his whereabouts. Shak.

     A puzzling notice of thy whereabout. Wordsworth.


   Where*as" (?), adv. At which place; where. [Obs.] Chaucer.

     At last they came whereas that lady bode. Spenser.


   Where*as", conj.

   1.  Considering  that;  it  being  the  case  that;  since; -- used to
   introduce a preamble which is the basis of declarations, affirmations,
   commands, requests, or like, that follow.

   2.  When in fact; while on the contrary; the case being in truth that;
   although;  --  implying  opposition  to  something  that  precedes; or
   implying  recognition  of  facts,  sometimes  followed  by a different
   statement, and sometimes by inferences or something consequent.

     Are  not  those  found  to  be  the  greatest  zealots who are most
     notoriously  ignorant?  whereas  true zeal should always begin with
     true knowledge. Sprat.


   Where*at" (?), adv.

   1. At which; upon which; whereupon; -- used relatively.

     They vote; whereat his speech he thus renews. Milton.

     Whereat  he  was  no  less  angry and ashamed than desirous to obey
     Zelmane. Sir P. Sidney.

   2. At what; -- used interrogatively; as, whereat are you offended?


   Where*by" (?), adv.

   1.  By  which; -- used relatively. "You take my life when you take the
   means whereby I life." Shak.

   2. By what; how; -- used interrogatively.

     Whereby shall I know this? Luke i. 18.


   Wher*e'er"  (?),  adv.  Wherever;  --  a contracted and poetical form.


   Where"fore (?), adv.& conj. [Where + for.]

   1. For which reason; so; -- used relatively.

     Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them. Matt. vii. 20.

   2. For what reason; why; -- used interrogatively.

     But wherefore that I tell my tale. Chaucer.

     Wherefore didst thou doubt? Matt. xiv. 31.


   Where"fore, n. the reason why. [Colloq.]


   Where*form"  (?),  adv. [Where + from.] From which; from which or what
   place. Tennyson.


   Where*in" (?), adv.

   1.  In  which;  in  which place, thing, time, respect, or the like; --
   used relatively.

     Her clothes wherein she was clad. Chaucer.

     There  are  times  wherein  a  man  ought to be cautious as well as
     innocent. Swift.

   2. In what; -- used interrogatively.

     Yet ye say, Wherein have we wearied him! Mal. ii. 17.


   Where`in*to" (?), adv.

   1. Into which; -- used relatively.

     Where  is  that palace whereinto foul things Sometimes intrude not?

     The brook, whereinto he loved to look. Emerson.

   2. Into what; -- used interrogatively.


   Where"ness  (?),  n.  The  quality or state of having a place; ubiety;
   situation; position. [R.]

     A  point  hath  no dimensions, but only a whereness, and is next to
     nothing. Grew.


   Where*of" (?), adv.

   1. Of which; of whom; formerly, also, with which; -- used relatively.

     I do not find the certain numbers whereof their armies did consist.
     Sir J. Davies.

     Let  it  work  like  Borgias' wine, Whereof his sire, the pope, was
     poisoned. Marlowe.

     Edward's seven sons, whereof thyself art one. Shak.

   2. Of what; -- used interrogatively.

     Whereof was the house built? Johnson.


   Where*on" (?), adv.

   1. On which; -- used relatively; as, the earth whereon we live.

     O fair foundation laid whereon to build. Milton.

   2. On what; -- used interrogatively; as, whereon do we stand?


   Where*out" (?), adv. Out of which. [R.]

     The cleft whereout the lightning breaketh. Holland.


   Where"so (?), adv. Wheresoever. [Obs.]


   Where`so*e'er"  (?),  adv.  Wheresoever.  [Poetic]  "Wheresoe'er  they
   rove." Milton.


   Where`so*ev"er  (?),  adv.  In  what  place soever; in whatever place;


   Where*through"  (?), adv. Through which. [R.] "Wherethrough that I may
   know." Chaucer.

     Windows  .  .  .  wherethrough  the  sun  Delights to peep, to gaze
     therein on thee. Shak.


   Where*to" (?), adv.

   1.  To  which; -- used relatively. "Whereto we have already attained."
   Phil. iii. 16.

     Whereto all bonds do tie me day by day. Shak.

   2. To what; to what end; -- used interrogatively.


   Where`un*to" (?), adv. Same as Whereto.


   Where`up*on"  (?),  adv.  Upon  which;  in consequence of which; after

     The townsmen mutinied and sent to Essex; whereupon he came thither.


   Wher*ev"er (?), adv. At or in whatever place; wheresoever.

     He can not but love virtue wherever it is. Atterbury.


   Where*with" (?), adv.

   1. With which; -- used relatively.

     The love wherewith thou hast loved me. John xvii. 26.

   2. With what; -- used interrogatively.

     Wherewith shall I save Israel? Judg. vi. 15.


   Where*with", n. The necessary means or instrument.

     So shall I have wherewith to answer him. Ps. cxix. 42.

     The wherewith to meet excessive loss by radiation. H. Spencer.


   Where`with*al"  (?),  adv.  &  n.  Wherewith. "Wherewithal shall we be
   clothed?" Matt. vi. 31.

     Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? Ps. cxix. 9.

     [The  builders  of  Babel], still with vain design, New Babels, had
     they wherewithal, would build. Milton.


   Where"ret (?), v. t. [From Whir.]

   1. To hurry; to trouble; to tease. [Obs.] Bickerstaff.

   2.  To  box  (one)  on  the  ear;  to strike or box. (the ear); as, to
   wherret a child. [Obs.]


   Wher"ret, n. A box on the ear. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Wher"ry  (?),  n.;  pl. Wherries (#). [Cf. Icel. hverfr shifty, crank,
   hverfa  to  turn,  E.  whirl, wharf.] (Naut.) (a) A passenger barge or
   lighter  plying  on  rivers; also, a kind of light, half-decked vessel
   used  in fishing. [Eng.] (b) A long, narrow, light boat, sharp at both
   ends,  for  fast  rowing  or sailing; esp., a racing boat rowed by one
   person with sculls.


   Wher"ry,  n.  [Cf.  W.  chwerw bitter.] A liquor made from the pulp of
   crab  apples after the verjuice is expressed; -- sometimes called crab
   wherry. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Wher"so (?), adv. Wheresoever. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Whet (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Whetted; p. pr. & vb. n. Whetting.] [AS.
   hwettan;  akin to D. wetten, G. wetzen, OHG. wezzen, Icel. hvetja, Sw.
   v\'84ttja,  and  AS. hw\'91t vigorous, brave, OS. hwat, OHG. waz, was,
   sharp,  Icel.  hvatr,  bold, active, Sw. hvass sharp, Dan. hvas, Goth.
   hwassaba sharply, and probably to Skr. cud to impel, urge on.]

   1.  To  rub  or  on  with some substance, as a piece of stone, for the
   purpose of sharpening; to sharpen by attrition; as, to whet a knife.

     The mower whets his scythe. Milton.

     Here roams the wolf, the eagle whets his beak. Byron.

   2. To make sharp, keen, or eager; to excite; to stimulate; as, to whet
   the appetite or the courage.

     Since Cassius first did whet me against C\'91sar, I have not slept.

   To  whet  on,  To  whet  forward, to urge on or forward; to instigate.


   Whet, n.

   1. The act of whetting.

   2. That which whets or sharpens; esp., an appetizer. "Sips, drams, and
   whets." Spectator.
   Whet  slate  (Min.),  a  variety  of slate used for sharpening cutting
   instruments; novaculite; -- called also whetstone slate, and oilstone.


   Wheth"er (?), pron. [OE. whether, AS. hw\'91; akin to OS. hwe, OFries.
   hweder,  OHG.  hwedar, wedar, G. weder, conj., neither, Icel. hv\'berr
   whether,  Goth.  hwa,  Lith.  katras,  L.  uter,  Gr. katara, from the
   interrogatively  pronoun,  in  AS.  hw\'be  who.  Who, and cf. Either,
   Neither,  Or,  conj.]  Which  (of  two);  which  one (of two); -- used
   interrogatively and relatively. [Archaic]

     Now choose yourself whether that you liketh. Chaucer.

     One  day  in doubt I cast for to compare Whether in beauties' glory
     did exceed. Spenser.

     Whether of them twain did the will of his father? Matt. xxi. 31.


   Wheth"er,  conj. In case; if; -- used to introduce the first or two or
   more  alternative  clauses, the other or others being connected by or,
   or  by  or  whether. When the second of two alternatives is the simple
   negative  of  the first it is sometimes only indicated by the particle
   not  or no after the correlative, and sometimes it is omitted entirely
   as being distinctly implied in the whether of the first.

     And now who knows But you, Lorenzo, whether I am yours? Shak.

     You  have  said;  but  whether  wisely or no, let the forest judge.

     For  whether we live, we live unto the Lord; and whether we die, we
     die  unto  the  Lord; whether we live therefore, or die, we are the
     Lord's. Rom. xiv. 8.

     But  whether  thus  these  things, or whether not; Whether the sun,
     predominant in heaven, Rise on the earth, or earth rise on the sun,
     . . . Solicit not thy thoughts with matters hid. Milton.

   Whether  or  no, in either case; in any case; as, I will go whether or
   no. -- Whether that, whether. Shak.


   Wheth"er*ing, n. The retention of the afterbirth in cows. Gardner.


   Whet"ile  (?),  n.  [Cf. Whitile.] (Zo\'94l.) The green woodpecker, or
   yaffle. See Yaffle. [Prov. Eng.]


   Whet"stone`  (?),  n.  [AS. hwetst\'ben.] A piece of stone, natural or
   artificial, used for whetting, or sharpening, edge tools.

     The dullness of the fools is the whetstone of the wits. Shak.

     Diligence  is  to  the understanding as the whetstone to the razor.

     NOTE: &hand; So me wh etstones ar e us ed dry, others are moistened
     with water, or lubricated with oil.

   To  give  the  whetstone,  to  give  a  premium  for  extravagance  in
   falsehood. [Obs.]


   Whet"ter (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, whets, sharpens, or stimulates.

   2. A tippler; one who drinks whets. [Obs.] Steele.


   Whet"tle*bones  (?),  n. pl. The vertebr\'91 of the back. [Prov. Eng.]


   Whew  (hw&umac;),  n.  &  interj.  A sound like a half-formed whistle,
   expressing  astonishment,  scorn,  or dislike. Whew duck, the European
   widgeon. [Prov. Eng.]


   Whew, v. i.To whistle with a shrill pipe, like a plover. [Prov. Eng. &


   Whew"ell*ite  (?),  n.  [So  named  after  Prof. Whewell of Cambridge,
   England.]  (Min.)  Calcium  oxalate,  occurring  in colorless or white
   monoclinic crystals.


   Whew"er   (?),  n.  [Cf.  W.  chwiwell  a  widgeon,  chwiws  widgeons,
   waterfowls;  or  cf.  E. whew, v. i.] (Zo\'94l.) The European widgeon.
   [Prov. Eng.]


   Whey  (?),  n.  [AS.  hw\'91g;  cf. D. wei, hui, Fries. weye, LG. wey,
   waje.  ]  The  serum, or watery part, of milk, separated from the more
   thick  or  coagulable  part,  esp. in the process of making cheese. In
   this process, the thick part is called curd, and the thin part whey.


   Whey"ey  (?),  a.  Of  the  nature of, or containing, whey; resembling
   whey; wheyish. Bacon.


   Whey"face` (?), n. One who is pale, as from fear.


   Whey"-faced`  (?),  a.  Having  a  pale or white face, as from fright.
   "Whey-faced cavaliers." Aytoun.


   Whey"ish   (?),   a.  Somewhat  like  whey;  wheyey.  J.  Philips.  --
   Whey"ish*ness, n.


   Which  (?), pron. [OE. which, whilk, AS. hwilc, hwylc, hwelc, from the
   root  of  hw\'be  who  +  l\'c6c body; hence properly, of what sort or
   kind;  akin  to  OS.  hwilik which, OFries. hwelik, D. welk, G. welch,
   OHG.  wel\'c6h,  hwel\'c6h,  Icel.  hv\'c6l\'c6kr, Dan. & Sw. hvilken,
   Goth.  hwileiks,  hwleiks;  cf.  L. qualis. Who, and Like, a., and cf.

   1. Of what sort or kind; what; what a; who. [Obs.]

     And which they weren and of what degree. Chaucer.

   2.  A  interrogative pronoun, used both substantively and adjectively,
   and  in  direct  and  indirect  questions, to ask for, or refer to, an
   individual  person or thing among several of a class; as, which man is
   it?  which  woman  was it? which is the house? he asked which route he
   should  take;  which  is  best,  to live or to die? See the Note under
   What, pron., 1.

     Which of you convinceth me of sin? John viii. 46.

   3. A relative pronoun, used esp. in referring to an antecedent noun or
   clause,  but  sometimes with reference to what is specified or implied
   in a sentence, or to a following noun or clause (generally involving a
   reference,  however,  to  something which has preceded). It is used in
   all numbers and genders, and was formerly used of persons.

     And  when  thou  fail'st  -- as God forbid the hour! -- Must Edward
     fall, which peril heaven forfend! Shak.

     God  . . . rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had
     made. Gen. ii. 2.

     Our Father, which art in heaven. Matt. vi. 9.

     The temple of God is holy, which temple ye are. 1 Cor. iii. 17.

   4.  A  compound  relative  or indefinite pronoun, standing for any one
   which,  whichever,  that  which, those which, the . . . which, and the
   like; as, take which you will.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e wh ich wa s fo rmerly of ten us ed for which. The
     expressions  which  that, which as, were also sometimes used by way
     of emphasis.

     Do  not they blaspheme that worthy name by the which ye are called?
     James ii. 7.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh ich, re ferring to a series of preceding sentences,
     or  members  of  a sentence, may have all joined to it adjectively.
     "All  which,  as  a  method of a proclamation, is very convenient."

                            Whichever, Whichsoever

   Which*ev"er  (?),  Which`so*ev"er  (?),  pron.  &  a.  Whether  one or
   another;  whether  one  or the other; which; that one (of two or more)
   which; as, whichever road you take, it will lead you to town.

                                  Whidah bird

   Whid"ah  bird` (?), (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species of finchlike
   birds  belonging to the genus Vidua, native of Asia and Africa. In the
   breeding season the male has very long, drooping tail feathers. Called
   also  vida finch, whidah finch, whydah bird, whydah finch, widow bird,
   and widow finch.

     NOTE: &hand; So me of  th e sp ecies ar e often kept as cage birds,
     especially Vidua paradisea, which is dark brownish above, pale buff
     beneath, with a reddish collar around the neck.


   Whid"er (?), adv. Whither. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Whiff  (?),  n. [OE. weffe vapor, whiff, probably of imitative origin;
   cf. Dan. vift a puff, gust, W. chwiff a whiff, puff.]

   1.  A  sudden  expulsion of air from the mouth; a quick puff or slight
   gust, as of air or smoke.

     But  with  the whiff and wind of his fell sword The unnerved father
     falls. Shak.

     The  skipper,  he  blew a whiff from his pipe, And a scornful laugh
     laughed he. Longfellow.

   2. A glimpse; a hasty view. [Prov. Eng.]

   3. (Zo\'94l.) The marysole, or sail fluke.


   Whiff, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Whiffed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whiffing.]

   1. To throw out in whiffs; to consume in whiffs; to puff.

   2.  To  carry  or convey by a whiff, or as by a whiff; to puff or blow

     Old  Empedocles, . . . who, when he leaped into Etna, having a dry,
     sear  body,  and light, the smoke took him, and whiffed him up into
     the moon. B. Jonson.


   Whiff, v. i. To emit whiffs, as of smoke; to puff.


   Whif"fet (?), n. A little whiff or puff.


   Whiff"ing (?), n.

   1. The act of one who, or that which, whiffs.

   2.  A  mode of fishing with a hand line for pollack, mackerel, and the


   Whif"fle  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Whiffled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Whiffling  (?).]  [Freq.  of  whiff  to puff, perhaps influenced by D.
   weifelen to waver.]

   1.  To  waver, or shake, as if moved by gusts of wind; to shift, turn,
   or veer about. D 

   2.  To  change from one opinion or course to another; to use evasions;
   to  prevaricate;  to  be  fickle.<-- to waffle; vacillate, equivocate,
   flip-flop. -->

     A  person  of whiffing and unsteady turn of mind can not keep close
     to a point of controversy. I. Watts.


   Whif"fle, v. t.

   1.  To disperse with, or as with, a whiff, or puff; to scatter. [Obs.]
   Dr. H. More.

   2. To wave or shake quickly; to cause to whiffle.


   Whif"fle, n. A fife or small flute. [Obs.] Douce.


   Whif"fler (?), n.

   1.  One who whiffles, or frequently changes his opinion or course; one
   who  uses  shifts  and  evasions  in  argument; hence, a trifler.<-- a
   waffler? -->

     Every  whiffler  in  a laced coat who frequents the chocolate house
     shall talk of the constitution. Swift.

   2. One who plays on a whiffle; a fifer or piper. [Obs.]

   3. An officer who went before procession to clear the way by blowing a
   horn,  or  otherwise;  hence,  any person who marched at the head of a
   procession; a harbinger.

     Which  like  a mighty whiffler 'fore the king, Seems to prepare his
     way. Shak.

   Page 1646

     NOTE: &hand; "W hifflers, or  fi fers, ge nerally we nt fi rst in a
     procession,  from  which  circumstance  the name was transferred to
     other persons who succeeded to that office, and at length was given
     to  those  who  went  forward  merely  to  clear  the  way  for the
     procession.  .  . . In the city of London, young freemen, who march
     at  the  head  of  their  proper companies on the Lord Mayor's day,
     sometimes with flags, were called whifflers, or bachelor whifflers,
     not  because  they cleared the way, but because they went first, as
     whifflers did." Nares.

   4. (Zo\'94l) The golden-eye. [Local, U.S.]


   Whif"fle*tree` (?), n. Same as Whippletree.


   Whig  (?),  n.  [See  Whey.]  Acidulated  whey,  sometimes  mixed with
   buttermilk and sweet herbs, used as a cooling beverage. [Obs. or Prov.


   Whig,  n. [Said to be from whiggam, a term used in Scotland in driving
   horses,  whiggamore  one  who  drives  horses  (a term applied to some
   western  Scotchmen),  contracted  to  whig.  In 1648, a party of these
   people  marched  to  Edinburgh  to  oppose  the  king  and the duke of
   Hamilton  (the  Whiggamore raid), and hence the name of Whig was given
   to the party opposed to the court. Cf. Scot. whig to go quickly.]

   1.  (Eng.  Politics) One of a political party which grew up in England
   in  the seventeenth century, in the reigns of Charles I. and II., when
   great  contests  existed  respecting  the  royal  prerogatives and the
   rights  of the people. Those who supported the king in his high claims
   were   called   Tories,  and  the  advocates  of  popular  rights,  of
   parliamentary  power  over the crown, and of toleration to Dissenters,
   were, after 1679, called Whigs. The terms Liberal and Radical have now
   generally  superseded  Whig  in  English  politics. See the note under

   2.   (Amer.  Hist.)  (a)  A  friend  and  supporter  of  the  American
   Revolution; -- opposed to Tory, and Royalist. (b) One of the political
   party  in  the  United  States  from  about  1829  to 1856, opposed in
   politics to the Democratic party.


   Whig, a. Of or pertaining to the Whigs.


   Whig"ga*more  (?),  n.  [See  Whig.] A Whig; -- a cant term applied in
   contempt to Scotch Presbyterians. [Scot.] Sir W. Scott.


   Whig"gar*chy  (?),  n.  [Whig  +  -archy.] Government by Whigs. [Cont]


   Whig"ger*y (?), n. The principles or practices of the Whigs; Whiggism.


   Whig"gish  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  Whigs;  partaking  of, or
   characterized by, the principles of Whigs.


   Whig"gish*ly, adv. In a Whiggish manner.


   Whig"gism (?), n. The principles of the Whigs.


   Whig"ling  (?),  n.  A  petty  or  inferior Whig; -- used in contempt.


   While  (?),  n.  [AS.  hw\'c6l; akin to OS. hw\'c6l, hw\'c6la, OFries.
   hw\'c6le,  D.  wigl,  G. weile, OHG. w\'c6la, hw\'c6la, hw\'c6l, Icel.
   hv\'c6la  a  bed, hv\'c6ld rest, Sw. hvila, Dan. hvile, Goth. hweila a
   time,  and  probably  to  L.  quietus quiet, and perhaps to Gr. Quiet,

   1.  Space of time, or continued duration, esp. when short; a time; as,
   one while we thought him innocent. "All this while." Shak.

     This mighty queen may no while endure. Chaucer.

     [Some  guest  that]  hath  outside his welcome while, And tells the
     jest without the smile. Coleridge.

     I will go forth and breathe the air a while. Longfellow.

   2. That which requires time; labor; pains. [Obs.]

     Satan . . . cast him how he might quite her while. Chaucer.

   At whiles, at times; at intervals.

     And  so on us at whiles it falls, to claim Powers that we dread. J.
     H. Newman.

   -- The while, The whiles, in or during the time that; meantime; while.
   Tennyson.  --  Within  a while, in a short time; soon. -- Worth while,
   worth  the  time  which  it requires; worth the time and pains; hence,
   worth  the  expense;  as,  it  is  not always worth while for a man to
   prosecute for small debts.


   While,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Whiled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whiling.] To
   cause  to  pass  away pleasantly or without irksomeness or disgust; to
   spend or pass; -- usually followed by away.

     The lovely lady whiled the hours away. Longfellow.


   While, v. i. To loiter. [R.] Spectator.


   While, conj.

   1.  During  the  time that; as long as; whilst; at the same time that;
   as, while I write, you sleep. "While I have time and space." Chaucer.

     Use   your   memory;   you   will  sensibly  experience  a  gradual
     improvement, while you take care not to overload it. I. Watts.

   2. Hence, under which circumstances; in which case; though; whereas.
   While as, While that, during or at the time that. [Obs.]


   While, prep. Until; till. [Obs. or Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

     I  may be conveyed into your chamber; I'll lie under your bed while
     midnight. Beau. & Fl.


   Whil`ere"  (?),  adv. [While + ere] A little while ago; recently; just
   now; erewhile. [Obs.]

     Helpeth me now as I did you whilere. Chaucer.

     He  who,  with  all  heaven's  heraldry, whilere Entered the world.


   Whiles (?), adv. [See While, n., and -wards.]

   1. Meanwhile; meantime. [R.]

     The  good  knight whiles humming to himself the lay of some majored
     troubadour. Sir. W. Scott.

   2. sometimes; at times. [Scot.] Sir W. Scott.
   The whiles. See under While, n.


   Whiles, conj. During the time that; while. [Archaic] Chaucer. Fuller.

     Agree with thine adversary quickly, whiles thou art in the way with
     him. Matt. v. 25.


   Whilk (?), n. [See Whelk a mollusk.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) A kind of mollusk, a whelk. [Prov. Eng.]

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The scoter. [Prov. Eng.]


   Whilk, pron. Which. [Obs. or Scot.]

     NOTE: &hand; Wh ilk is  so metimes used in Chaucer to represent the
     Northern dialect.


   Whi"lom  (?),  adv.  [AS. hw\'c6lum, properly, at times, dative pl. of
   hw\'c6l;  akin  to  G. weiland formerly, OHG. hw\'c6lm, See While, n.]
   Formerly; once; of old; erewhile; at times. [Obs. or Poetic] Spenser.

     Whilom,  as  olde  stories  tellen us, There was a duke that highte
     Theseus. Chaucer.


   Whilst (?), adv. [From Whiles; cf. Amongst.] While. [Archaic]

     Whilst the emperor lay at Antioch. Gibbon.

   The whilst, in the meantime; while. [Archaic.] Shak.


   Whim  (?),  n. [Cf. Whimbrel.] (Zo\'94l.) The European widgeon. [Prov.


   Whim,  n.  [Cf.  Icel.  hwima  to wander with the eyes, vim giddiness,
   Norw.  kvima to whisk or flutter about, to trifle, Dan. vimse to skip,
   whisk,  jump  from  one  thing  to  another,  dial.  Sw.  hvimsa to be
   unsteady, dizzy, W. chwimio to move briskly.]

   1.  A  sudden  turn  or start of the mind; a temporary eccentricity; a
   freak; a fancy; a capricious notion; a humor; a caprice.

     Let every man enjoy his whim. Churchill.

   2.  (Mining) A large capstan or vertical drum turned by horse power or
   steam  power, for raising ore or water, etc., from mines, or for other
   purposes; -- called also whim gin, and whimsey.
   Whim  gin  (Mining),  a  whim.  See Whim, 2. -- Whim shaft (Mining), a
   shaft  through  which ore, water, etc., is raised from a mine by means
   of  a  whim.  Syn.  -- Freak; caprice; whimsey; fancy. -- Whim, Freak,
   Caprice.  Freak denotes an impulsive, inconsiderate change of mind, as
   by a child or a lunatic. Whim is a mental eccentricity due to peculiar
   processes  or  habits of thought. Caprice is closely allied in meaning
   to  freak,  but  implies  more  definitely a quality of willfulness or


   Whim,  v.  i. To be subject to, or indulge in, whims; to be whimsical,
   giddy, or freakish. [R.] Congreve.


   Whim"brel  (?), n. [Cf. Whimper.] (Zo\'94l) Any one of several species
   of   small   curlews,   especially   the  European  species  (Numenius
   ph\'91opus),  called  also Jack curlew, half curlew, stone curlew, and
   tang  whaup.  See  Illustration  in  Appendix.  Hudsonian  or, Eskimo,
   whimbreal, the Hudsonian curlew.


   Whim"ling  (?),  n. [Whim + -ling.] One given to whims; hence, a weak,
   childish person; a child.

     Go, whimling, and fetch two or three grating loaves. Beau. & Fl.


   Whim"my (?), a. Full of whims; whimsical.

     The  study  of  Rabbinical  literature either finds a man whimmy or
     makes him so. Coleridge.


   Whim"per  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Whimpered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Whimpering.]  [Cf.  Scot.  whimmer,  G.  wimmern.]  To cry with a low,
   whining, broken voice; to whine; to complain; as, a child whimpers.

     Was there ever yet preacher but there were gainsayers that spurned,
     that winced, that whimpered against him? Latimer.


   Whim"per, v. t. To utter in alow, whining tone.


   Whim"per,  n.  A  low,  whining,  broken  cry;  a  low, whining sound,
   expressive of complaint or grief.


   Whim"per*er (?), n. One who whimpers.


   Whim"ple (?), v. t. See Wimple.


   Whim"ple, v. i. [Cf. Whiffle.] To whiffle; to veer.

                                Whimsey, Whimsy

   Whim"sey,  Whimsy  (?),  n.;  pl.  Whimseys  (#) or Whimsies (#). [See

   1.  A  whim;  a freak; a capricious notion, a fanciful or odd conceit.
   "The whimsies of poets and painters." Ray.

     Men's folly, whimsies, and inconstancy. Swift.

     Mistaking  the whimseys of a feverish brain for the calm revelation
     of truth. Bancroft.

   2. (Mining) A whim.


   Whim"sey, v. t. To fill with whimseys, or whims; to make fantastic; to
   craze. [R.]

     To have a man's brain whimsied with his wealth. J. Fletcher.


   Whim"si*cal (?), a. [From Whimsey.]

   1.  Full  of,  or  characterized by, whims; actuated by a whim; having
   peculiar  notions;  queer;  strange;  freakish.  "A whimsical insult."

     My neighbors call me whimsical. Addison.

   2.  Odd  or  fantastic  in appearance; quaintly devised; fantastic. "A
   whimsical  chair."  Evelyn.  Syn.  --  Quaint;  capricious;  fanciful;


   Whim`si*cal"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  or state of being whimsical;


   Whim"si*cal*ly (?), adv. In a whimsical manner; freakishly.


   Whim"si*cal*ness,   n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  whimsical;
   freakishness; whimsical disposition.


   Whim"sy (?), n. A whimsey.


   Whim"wham (?), n. [Formed from whim by reduplication.]

   1.  A whimsical thing; an odd device; a trifle; a trinket; a gimcrack.

     They'll pull ye all to pieces for your whimwhams. Bear. & Fl.

   2. A whim, or whimsey; a freak.


   Whin (?), n. [W. chwyn weeds, a single weed.]

   1. (Bot.) (a) Gorse; furze. See Furze.

     Through the whins, and by the cairn. Burns.

   (b) Woad-waxed. Gray.

   2. Same as Whinstone. [Prov. Eng.]
   Moor  whin OR Petty whin (Bot.), a low prickly shrub (Genista Anglica)
   common  in  Western Europe. -- Whin bruiser, a machine for cutting and
   bruising   whin,  or  furze,  to  feed  cattle  on.  --  Whin  Sparrow
   (Zo\'94l.), the hedge sparrow. [Prov. Eng.] -- Whin Thrush (Zo\'94l.),
   the redwing. [Prov. Eng.]


   Whin"ber*ry  (?), n. (Bot.) The English bilberry; -- so called because
   it grows on moors among the whins, or furze. Dr. Prior.


   Whin"chat`  (?), n. [So called because it frequents whins.] (Zo\'94l.)
   A  small warbler (Pratincola rubetra) common in Europe; -- called also
   whinchacker, whincheck, whin-clocharet.


   Whine  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Whined (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whining.]
   [OE.  whinen,  AS. hw\'c6nan to make a whistling, whizzing sound; akin
   to  Icel.  hv\'c6na, Sw. hvina, Dan. hvine, and probably to G. wiehern
   to  neigh, OHG. wihn, hweijn; perhaps of imitative origin. Cf. Whinny,
   v.  i.]  To  utter  a  plaintive  cry, as some animals; to mean with a
   childish  noise;  to  complain, or to tell of sorrow, distress, or the
   like,  in  a  plaintive, nasal tone; hence, to complain or to beg in a
   mean, unmanly way; to moan basely. "Whining plovers." Spenser.

     The  hounds  were  .  .  . staying their coming, but with a whining
     accent, craving liberty. Sir P. Sidney.

     Dost thou come here to whine? Shak.


   Whine,  v.  t.  To utter or express plaintively, or in a mean, unmanly
   way; as, to whine out an excuse.


   Whine,  n.  A  plaintive  tone;  the  nasal,  childish  tone  of  mean
   complaint; mean or affected complaint.


   Whin"er (?), n. One who, or that which, whines.


   Whinge (?), v. i. To whine. [Scot.] Burns.


   Whing"er, n. [See Whinyard.] A kind of hanger or sword used as a knife
   at meals and as a weapon. [Scot. & Prov. Eng.]

     The  chief acknowledged that he had corrected her with his whinger.
     Sir W. Scott.


   Whin"ing*ly  (?),  adv.  In  a  whining  manner;  in  a  tone  of mean


   Whin"ner (?), v. i. To whinny. [Colloq.]


   Whin"ny  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Whinnied (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Whinnying.] [From Whine] To utter the ordinary call or cry of a horse;
   to neigh.


   Whin"ny,  n.;  pl.  Whinnies (. The ordinary cry or call of a horse; a
   neigh. "The stately horse . . . stooped with a low whinny." Tennyson.


   Whin"ny, a. Abounding in whin, gorse, or furze.

     A fine, large, whinny, . . . unimproved common. Sterne.


   Whin"ock  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Scot.  whin,  quhene, a few, AS. hw, hwne, a
   little,  hwn  little,  few.  Cf.  Wheen.]  The  small pig of a litter.
   [Local, U. S.]


   Whin"stone" (?), n. [Whin + stone; cf. Scot. quhynstane.] A provincial
   name  given  in  England  to  basaltic rocks, and applied by miners to
   other  kind  of dark-colored unstratified rocks which resist the point
   of  the  pick.  --  for  example,  to masses of chert. Whin-dikes, and
   whin-sills, are names sometimes given to veins or beds of basalt.


   Whin"yard (?), n. [Cf. Prov. E. & Scot. whingar, whinger; perhaps from
   AS. winn contention, war + geard, gyrd, a staff, rod, yard; or cf. AS.
   hw\'c6nan to whistle, E. whine.]

   1. A sword, or hanger. [Obs.]

   2.  [From  the  shape of the bill.] (Zo\'94l) (a) The shoveler. [Prov.
   Eng.] (b) The poachard. [Prov. Eng.]


   Whip  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Whipped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whipping.]
   [OE. whippen to overlay, as a cord, with other cords, probably akin to
   G. & D. wippen to shake, to move up and down, Sw. vippa, Dan. vippe to
   swing  to  and fro, to shake, to toss up, and L. vibrare to shake. Cf.

   1.  To  strike  with  a  lash,  a cord, a rod, or anything slender and
   lithe; to lash; to beat; as, to whip a horse, or a carpet.

   2.  To  drive  with lashes or strokes of a whip; to cause to rotate by
   lashing with a cord; as, to whip a top.

   3.  To  punish  with a whip, scourge, or rod; to flog; to beat; as, to
   whip  a  vagrant;  to  whip  one  with  thirty  nine lashes; to whip a
   perverse boy.

     Who, for false quantities, was whipped at school. Dryden.

   4.  To  apply  that  which  hurts keenly to; to lash, as with sarcasm,
   abuse, or the like; to apply cutting language to.

     They would whip me with their fine wits. Shak.

   5. To thrash; to beat out, as grain, by striking; as, to whip wheat.

   6.  To  beat (eggs, cream, or the like) into a froth, as with a whisk,
   fork, or the like.

   7.  To  conquer;  to  defeat,  as  in  a  contest or game; to beat; to
   surpass. [Slang, U. S.]

   8. To overlay (a cord, rope, or the like) with other cords going round
   and  round  it;  to overcast, as the edge of a seam; to wrap; -- often
   with about, around, or over.

     Its string is firmly whipped about with small gut. Moxon.

   9.  To  sew  lightly; specifically, to form (a fabric) into gathers by
   loosely  overcasting the rolled edge and drawing up the thread; as, to
   whip a ruffle.

     In half-whipped muslin needles useless lie. Gay.

   10.  To  take  or move by a sudden motion; to jerk; to snatch; -- with
   into, out, up, off, and the like.

     She, in a hurry, whips up her darling under her arm. L'Estrange.

     He  whips  out his pocketbook every moment, and writes descriptions
     of everything he sees. Walpole.

   11. (Naut.) (a) To hoist or purchase by means of a whip. (b) To secure
   the  end  of  (a  rope, or the like) from untwisting by overcasting it
   with small stuff.

   12.  To  fish  (a  body  of  water) with a rod and artificial fly, the
   motion being that employed in using a whip.

     Whipping their rough surface for a trout. Emerson.

   To whip in, to drive in, or keep from scattering, as hounds in a hurt;
   hence,  to  collect, or to keep together, as member of a party, or the
   like.  --  To  whip the cat. (a) To practice extreme parsimony. [Prov.
   Eng.]  Forby.  (b)  To  go  from house to house working by the day, as
   itinerant tailors and carpenters do. [Prov. & U. S.]

   Page 1647


   Whip  (?),  v.  i.  To  move  nimbly; to start or turn suddenly and do
   something; to whisk; as, he whipped around the corner.

     With speed from thence he whipped. Sackville.

     Two friends, traveling, met a bear upon the way; the one whips up a
     tree,   and   the  other  throws  himself  flat  upon  the  ground.


   Whip, n. [OE. whippe. See Whip, v. t.]

   1.   An  instrument  or  driving  horses  or  other  animals,  or  for
   correction, consisting usually of a lash attached to a handle, or of a
   handle  and  lash  so  combined as to form a flexible rod. "[A] whip's
   lash." Chaucer.

     In  his  right  hand  he holds a whip, with which he is supposed to
     drive the horses of the sun. Addison.

   2. A coachman; a driver of a carriage; as, a good whip. Beaconsfield.

   3.  (Mach.)  (a) One of the arms or frames of a windmill, on which the
   sails are spread. (b) The length of the arm reckoned from the shaft.

   4.  (Naut.) (a) A small tackle with a single rope, used to hoist light
   bodies. (b) The long pennant. See Pennant (a)

   5. A huntsman who whips in the hounds; whipper-in.

   6.  (Eng. Politics) (a) A person (as a member of Parliament) appointed
   to  enforce party discipline, and secure the attendance of the members
   of  a Parliament party at any important session, especially when their
   votes  are  needed. (b) A call made upon members of a Parliament party
   to be in their places at a given time, as when a vote is to be taken.
   Whip and spur, with the utmost haste. -- Whip crane, OR Whip purchase,
   a  simple  form  of  crane  having a small drum from which the load is
   suspended, turned by pulling on a rope wound around larger drum on the
   same  axle.  --  Whip  gin.  See  Gin  block,  under  5th Gin. -- Whip
   grafting.  See  under  Grafting. -- Whip hand, the hand with which the
   whip  is  used; hence, advantage; mastery; as, to have or get the whip
   hand  of  a person. Dryden. -- Whip ray (Zo\'94l.), the European eagle
   ray.  See under Ray. -- Whip roll (Weaving), a roll or bar, behind the
   reeds  in  a  loom,  on  which the warp threads rest. -- Whip scorpion
   (Zo\'94l.),  any  one  of  numerous  species of arachnids belonging to
   Thelyphonus  and allied genera. They somewhat resemble true scorpions,
   but have a long, slender bristle, or lashlike organ, at the end of the
   body, instead of a sting. -- Whip snake (Zo\'94l.), any one of various
   species  of  slender  snakes.  Specifically:  (a) A bright green South
   American  tree  snake  (Philodryas  viridissimus)  having  a  long and
   slender  body. It is not venomous. Called also emerald whip snake. (b)
   The coachwhip snake.


   Whip"cord`  (?),  n. A kind of hard-twisted or braided cord, sometimes
   used for making whiplashes.


   Whip"graft`  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Whipgrafted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Whipgrafting.]  To  graft  by cutting the scion and stock in a certain
   manner. See Whip grafting, under Grafting.


   Whip"lash`  (?),  n.  The lash of a whip, -- usually made of thongs of
   leather, or of cords, braided or twisted.


   Whip`pa*ree"  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A large sting ray (Dasybatis, OR
   Trygon, Sayi) native of the Southern United States. It is destitute of
   large  spines  on the body and tail. (b) A large sting ray (Rhinoptera
   bonasus, or R. quadriloba) of the Atlantic coast of the United States.
   Its  snout appears to be four-lobed when viewed in front, whence it is
   also called cow-nosed ray.


   Whip"per (?), n.

   1.  One  who whips; especially, an officer who inflicts the penalty of
   legal whipping.

   2.  One  who  raises  coal  or merchandise with a tackle from a chip's
   hold. [Eng.]

   3. (Spinning) A kind of simple willow.


   Whip"per*in` (?), n.

   1.  A huntsman who keeps the hounds from wandering, and whips them in,
   if necessary, to the of chase.

   2.  Hence,  one  who enforces the discipline of a party, and urges the
   attendance and support of the members on all necessary occasions.<-- =
   whip, 6 (a) -->


   Whip"per*snap`per (?), n. A diminutive, insignificant, or presumptuous
   person. [Colloq.] "Little whippersnappers like you." T. Hughes.


   Whip"ping  (?),  a  &  n. from Whip, v. Whipping post, a post to which
   offenders are tied, to be legally whipped.


   Whip"ple*tree` (?), n. [See Whip, and cf. Whiffletree.]

   1.  The  pivoted  or  swinging  bar to which the traces, or tugs, of a
   harness  are  fastened,  and  by  which  a  carriage, a plow, or other
   implement  or  vehicle,  is  drawn;  a  whiffletree;  a swingletree; a
   singletree. See Singletree.

     [People] cut their own whippletree in the woodlot. Emerson.

   2. (Bot.) The cornel tree. Chaucer.


   Whip"-poor-will`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  American bird (Antrostomus
   vociferus)  allied  to  the  nighthawk and goatsucker; -- so called in
   imitation  of  the  peculiar  notes  which  it  utters in the evening.
   [Written also whippowil.]


   Whip"saw` (?), n. A saw for dividing timber lengthwise, usually set in
   a frame, and worked by two persons; also, a fret saw.


   Whip"-shaped`  (?),  a. Shaped like the lash of a whip; long, slender,
   round, and tapering; as, a whip-shaped root or stem.


   Whip"staff`  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  A  bar  attached  to  the  tiller, for
   convenience in steering.


   Whip"stalk` (?), n. A whipstock.


   Whip"ster   (?),  n.  [Whip  +  -ster.]  A  nimble  little  fellow;  a

     Every puny whipster gets my sword. Shak.


   Whip"stick` (?), n. Whip handle; whipstock.


   Whip"stitch` (?), n.

   1. A tailor; -- so called in contempt.

   2.   Anything  hastily  put  or  stitched  together;  hence,  a  hasty
   composition. [R.] Dryden.

   3. (Agric.) The act or process of whipstitching.


   Whip"stitch`,  v.  t.  (Agric.) To rafter; to plow in ridges, as land.


   Whip"stock`  (?),  n. The rod or handle to which the lash of a whip is


   Whipt (?), imp. & p. p. of Whip. Whipped.


   Whip"-tom`-kel"ly  (?),  n.  [So  called  in  imitation of its notes.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  A  vireo  (Vireo altiloquus) native of the West Indies and
   Florida; -- called also black-whiskered vireo.


   Whip"worm`  (?),  n. [So called from its shape.] (Zo\'94l.) A nematode
   worm  (Trichocephalus  dispar)  often  found  parasitic  in  the human
   intestine.  Its  body  is  thickened posteriorly, but is very long and
   threadlike anteriorly.


   Whir  (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Whirred (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whirring.]
   [Perhaps  of  imitative  origin;  cf. D. hvirre to whirl, and E. hurr,
   hurry,  whirl.  To  whirl round, or revolve, with a whizzing noise; to
   fly or more quickly with a buzzing or whizzing sound; to whiz.

     The partridge bursts away on whirring wings. Beattie.


   Whir, v. t. [See Whir to whiz.] To hurry a long with a whizzing sound.

     This  world  to  me  is  like  a lasting storm, Whirring me from my
     friends. Shak.


   Whir,  n.  A  buzzing  or whizzing sound produced by rapid or whirling
   motion; as, the whir of a partridge; the whir of a spinning wheel.


   Whirl (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Whirled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whirling.]
   [OE.  whirlen, probably from the Scand.; cf. Icel. & Sw. hvirfla, Dan.
   hvirvle;  akin  to  D. wervelen, G. wirbeln, freq. of the verb seen in
   Icel. hverfa to turn. &root;16. See Wharf, and cf. Warble, Whorl.]

   1. To turn round rapidly; to cause to rotate with velocity; to make to

     He whirls his sword around without delay. Dryden.

   2. To remove or carry quickly with, or as with, a revolving motion; to
   snatch; to harry. Chaucer.

     See,  see  the  chariot, and those rushing wheels, That whirled the
     prophet up at Chebar flood. Milton.

     The passionate heart of the poet is whirl'd into folly. Tennyson.


   Whirl, v. i.

   1. To be turned round rapidly; to move round with velocity; to revolve
   or  rotate  with  great speed; to gyrate. "The whirling year vainly my
   dizzy eyes pursue." J. H. Newman.

     The wooden engine flies and whirls about. Dryden.

   2. To move hastily or swiftly.

     But whirled away to shun his hateful sight. Dryden.


   Whirl, n. [Cf. Dan. hvirvel, Sw. hvirfvel, Icel. hvirfill the crown of
   the head, G. wirbel whirl, crown of the head, D. wervel. See Whirl, v.

   1.   A   turning   with   rapidity  or  velocity;  rapid  rotation  or
   circumvolution;  quick  gyration;  rapid  or confusing motion; as, the
   whirl  of a top; the whirl of a wheel. "In no breathless whirl." J. H.

     The  rapid  .  .  .  whirl  of  things here below interrupt not the
     inviolable rest and calmness of the noble beings above. South.

   2. Anything that moves with a whirling motion.

     He  saw  Falmouth under gray, iron skies, and whirls of March dust.

   3.  A revolving hook used in twisting, as the hooked spindle of a rope
   machine, to which the threads to be twisted are attached.

   4. (Bot. & Zo\'94l.) A whorl. See Whorl.


   Whirl"a*bout`  (?), n. Something that whirls or turns about in a rapid
   manner; a whirligig.


   Whirl"bat`  (?),  n. Anything moved with a whirl, as preparatory for a
   blow, or to augment the force of it; -- applied by poets to the cestus
   of ancient boxers.

     The  whirlbat  and  the  rapid race shall be Reserved for C\'91sar.


   Whirl"-blast` (?), n. A whirling blast or wind.

     A whirl-blast from behind the hill. Wordsworth.


   Whirl"bone`  (?),  n.  (Anat.)  (a)  The  huckle  bone. [Obs.] (b) The
   patella, or kneepan. [Obs.] Ainsworth.


   Whirl"er (?), n. One who, or that which, whirls.


   Whirl"i*cote (?), n. An open car or chariot. [Obs.]

     Of old time coaches were not known in this island, but chariots, or
     whirlicotes. Stow.


   Whirl"i*gig (?), n. [Whirl + gig.]

   1. A child's toy, spun or whirled around like a wheel upon an axis, or
   like a top. Johnson.

   2.  Anything  which  whirls  around, or in which persons or things are
   whirled about, as a frame with seats or wooden horses.

     With  a  whirligig of jubilant mosquitoes spinning about each head.
     G. W. Cable.

   3.  A  medi\'91val  instrument  for punishing petty offenders, being a
   kind  of  wooden  cage  turning  on a pivot, in which the offender was
   whirled round with great velocity.

   4.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  numerous species of beetles belonging to
   Gyrinus and allied genera. The body is firm, oval or boatlike in form,
   and  usually dark colored with a bronzelike luster. These beetles live
   mostly  on the surface of water, and move about with great celerity in
   a  gyrating,  or  circular, manner, but they are also able to dive and
   swim  rapidly. The larva is aquatic. Called also weaver, whirlwig, and
   whirlwig beetle.


   Whirl"ing (?), a. & n. from Whirl, v. t. Whirling table. (a) (Physics)
   An  apparatus provided with one or more revolving disks, with weights,
   pulleys,  and  other  attachments,  for illustrating the phenomena and
   laws of centrifugal force, and the like. (b) A potter's wheel.


   Whirl"pit` (?), n. A whirlpool. [Obs.] "Raging whirlpits." Sandys.


   Whirl"pool` (?), n.

   1.  An  eddy  or vortex of water; a place in a body of water where the
   water  moves round in a circle so as to produce a depression or cavity
   in  the  center, into which floating objects may be drawn; any body of
   water  having  a more or less circular motion caused by its flowing in
   an  irregular channel, by the coming together of opposing currents, or
   the like.

   2. A sea monster of the whale kind. [Obs.] Spenser.

     The  Indian  Sea breedeth the most and the biggest fishes that are;
     among  which the whales and whirlpools, called "bal\'91n\'91," take
     up in length as much as four . . . arpents of land. Holland.


   Whirl"wig` (?), n. [Cf. Earwig.] (Zo\'94l.) A whirligig.


   Whirl"wind`  (?),  n.  [Cf. Icel. hvirfilvindr, Sw. hvirfvelvind, Dan.
   hvirvelvind, G. wirbelwind. See Whirl, and Wind, n.]

   1.   A   violent   windstorm   of  limited  extent,  as  the  tornado,
   characterized  by  an  inward  spiral motion of the air with an upward
   current  in  the  center;  a  vortex  of  air.  It usually has a rapid
   progressive motion.

     The  swift  dark  whirlwind  that uproots the woods. And drowns the
     villages. Bryant.

     NOTE: &hand; So me me teorologists ap ply the word whirlwind to the
     larger rotary storm also, such as cyclones.

   2.  Fig.:  A body of objects sweeping violently onward. "The whirlwind
   of hounds and hunters." Macaulay.


   Whir"ry (?), v. i. To whir. [Obs.]


   Whir"tle (?), n. (Mech.) A perforated steel die through which wires or
   tubes are drawn to form them.


   Whisk  (?),  n.  [See Whist, n.] A game at cards; whist. [Obs.] Taylor


   Whisk,  n.  [Probably for wisk, and of Scand. origin; cf. Icel. visk a
   wisp; akin to Dan. visk, Sw. viska, D. wisch, OHG. wisc, G. wisch. See

   1.  The  act  of  whisking;  a rapid, sweeping motion, as of something
   light; a sudden motion or quick puff.

     This  first  sad whisk Takes off thy dukedom; thou art but an earl.
     J. Fletcher.

   2. A small bunch of grass, straw, twigs, hair, or the like, used for a
   brush; hence, a brush or small besom, as of broom corn.

   3. A small culinary instrument made of wire, or the like, for whisking
   or beating eggs, cream, etc. Boyle.

   4. A kind of cape, forming part of a woman's dress.

     My wife in her new lace whisk. Pepys.

   5. An impertinent fellow. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

   6. A plane used by coopers for evening chines.


   Whisk,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Whisked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whisking.]
   [Cf. Dan. viske, Sw. viska, G. wischen, D. wisschen. See Whisk, n.]

   1.  To  sweep,  brush,  or agitate, with a light, rapid motion; as, to
   whisk dust from a table; to whisk the white of eggs into a froth.

   2. To move with a quick, sweeping motion.

     He that walks in gray, whisking his riding rod. J. Fletcher.

     I beg she would not impale worms, nor whisk carp out of one element
     into another. Walpole.


   Whisk,  v.  i. To move nimbly at with velocity; to make a sudden agile


   Whisk"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who,  or  that which, whisks, or moves with a quick, sweeping

   2.  Formerly, the hair of the upper lip; a mustache; -- usually in the

     Hoary whiskers and a forky beard. Pope.

   3.  pl. That part of the beard which grows upon the sides of the face,
   or upon the chin, or upon both; as, side whiskers; chin whiskers.

   4. A hair of the beard.

   5. One of the long, projecting hairs growing at the sides of the mouth
   of a cat, or other animal.

   6.  pl. (Naut.) Iron rods extending on either side of the bowsprit, to
   spread, or guy out, the stays, etc.


   Whisk"ered (?), a.

   1.  Formed  into  whiskers; furnished with whiskers; having or wearing

     Our forefathers, a grave, whiskered race. Cowper.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having  elongated  hairs, feathers, or bristles on the

     The whiskered vermin race. Grainger.


   Whisk"er*less (?), a. Being without whiskers.


   Whis"ket (?), n. [Cf. Wisket.]

   1. A basket; esp., a straw provender basket. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

   2. (Mach.) A small lathe for turning wooden pins.

   Page 1648


   Whis"key (?), n. Same as Whisky, a liquor.

                                Whiskey, Whisky

   Whis"key, Whis"ky, n.; pl. Whiskeys (#) or Whiskies. [See Whisk, v. t.
   &  n.]  A  light  carriage  built  for  rapid  motion;  -- called also


   Whisk"in (?), n. A shallow drinking bowl. [Prov. Eng.] Ray.


   Whisk"ing, a.

   1. Sweeping along lightly.

   2. Large; great. [Prov. Eng.]

                                Whisky, Whiskey

   Whis"ky,  Whis"key  (?), n. [Ir. or Gael. uisge water (perhaps akin to
   E.  wash,  water) in uisgebeatha whiskey, properly, water of life. Cf.
   Usquebaugh.]  An  intoxicating  liquor distilled from grain, potatoes,
   etc.,  especially  in Scotland, Ireland, and the United States. In the
   United  States,  whisky  is  generally  distilled  from maize, rye, or
   wheat,  but  in  Scotland  and  Ireland  it  is often made from malted
   barley.  Bourbon whisky, corn whisky made in Bourbon County, Kentucky.
   --  Crooked  whisky. See under Crooked. -- Whisky Jack (Zo\'94l.), the
   Canada  jay  (Perisoreus Canadensis). It is noted for its fearless and
   familiar habits when it frequents the camps of lumbermen in the winter
   season.  Its  color is dull grayish blue, lighter beneath. Called also
   moose bird.

                            Whiskyfied, Whiskeyfied

   Whis"ky*fied, Whis"key*fied (?), a. [Whisky + -fy.] Drunk with whisky;
   intoxicated. [Humorous] Thackeray.


   Whisp (?), n. See Wisp.


   Whisp, n. (Zo\'94l.) A flock of snipe.


   Whis"per  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Whispered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Whispering.]  [AS.  hwisprian;  akin  to  G.  wispern,  wispeln,  OHG.
   hwispal,  Icel.  hv\'c6skra,  Sw.  hviska,  Dan.  hviske; of imitative
   origin. Cf. Whistle.]

   1. To speak softly, or under the breath, so as to be heard only by one
   near  at  hand;  to utter words without sonant breath; to talk without
   that  vibration  in  the larynx which gives sonorous, or vocal, sound.
   See Whisper, n.

   2. To make a low, sibilant sound or noise.

     The hollow, whispering breeze. Thomson.

   3.  To  speak  with  suspicion,  or  timorous  caution; to converse in
   whispers, as in secret plotting.

     All that hate me whisper together against me. Ps. xli. 7.


   Whis"per, v. t.

   1.  To  utter  in  a  low  and nonvocal tone; to say under the breath;
   hence, to mention privately and confidentially, or in a whisper.

     They might buzz and whisper it one to another. Bentley.

   2. To address in a whisper, or low voice. [Archaic]

     And whisper one another in the ear. Shak.

     Where gentlest breezes whisper souls distressed. Keble.

   3.  To  prompt secretly or cautiously; to inform privately. [Obs.] "He
   came to whisper Wolsey." Shak.


   Whis"per, n.

   1.  A  low, soft, sibilant voice or utterance, which can be heard only
   by  those  near  at  hand; voice or utterance that employs only breath
   sound  without tone, friction against the edges of the vocal cords and
   arytenoid  cartilages  taking  the place of the vibration of the cords
   that  produces tone; sometimes, in a limited sense, the sound produced
   by  such  friction as distinguished from breath sound made by friction
   against   parts  of  the  mouth.  See  Voice,  n.,  2,  and  Guide  to
   Pronunciation,  5, 153, 154.

     The inward voice or whisper can not give a tone. Bacon.

     Soft whispers through the assembly went. Dryden.

   2. A cautious or timorous speech. South.

   3.  Something communicated in secret or by whispering; a suggestion or

   4. A low, sibilant sound. "The whispers of the leaves." Tennyson.


   Whis"per*er (?), n.

   1. One who whispers.

   2.  A  tattler;  one  who  tells  secrets;  a conveyer of intelligence
   secretly;  hence;  a  backbiter; one who slanders secretly. Prov. xvi.


   Whis"per*ing,  a.  &  n.  from  Whisper.  v. t. Whispering gallery, OR
   Whispering  dome,  one  of such a form that sounds produced in certain
   parts  of  it are concentrated by reflection from the walls to another
   part,  so that whispers or feeble sounds are audible at a much greater
   distance than under ordinary circumstances.


   Whis"per*ing*ly,  adv.  In  a  whisper,  or low voice; in a whispering
   manner; with whispers. Tennyson.


   Whis"per*ous*ly (?), adv. Whisperingly. [R.]


   Whist  (?),  interj. [Cf. G. st! pst! bst! Hist.] Be silent; be still;
   hush; silence.


   Whist,  n. [From Whist, interj.] A certain game at cards; -- so called
   because  it requires silence and close attention. It is played by four
   persons  (those  who  sit  opposite  each other being partners) with a
   complete  pack of fifty-two cards. Each player has thirteen cards, and
   when  these  are  played  out,  he hand is finished, and the cards are
   again shuffled and distributed.

     NOTE: &hand; Po ints ar e sc ored for the tricks taken in excess of
     six, and for the honors held. In long whist, now seldom played, ten
     points  make  the  game;  in  short  whist,  now  usually played in
     England,  five  points make the game. In American whist, so-called,
     honors are not counted, and seven points by tricks make the game.


   Whist, v. t. [From Whist, interj.] To hush or silence. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Whist,  v.  i.  To be or become silent or still; to be hushed or mute.
   [R.] Surrey.


   Whist,  a.  [Properly  p.  p. of whist, v.] Not speaking; not making a
   noise;  silent; mute; still; quiet. "So whist and dead a silence." Sir
   J. Harrington.

     The winds, with wonder whist, Smoothly the waters kissed. Milton.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is adjective generally follows its noun, or is used


   Whis"tle  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Whistled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Whistling  (?).]  [AS.  hwistlian;  akin  to Sw. hvissla, Dan. hvisle,
   Icel. hv\'c6sla to whisper, and E. whisper. Whisper.]

   1.  To  make  a kind of musical sound, or series of sounds, by forcing
   the  breath  through  a  small orifice formed by contracting the lips;
   also,  to  emit a similar sound, or series of notes, from the mouth or
   beak, as birds.

     The  weary  plowman leaves the task of day, And, trudging homeward,
     whistles on the way. Gay.

   2.  To  make  a shrill sound with a wind or steam instrument, somewhat
   like that made with the lips; to blow a sharp, shrill tone.

   3. To sound shrill, or like a pipe; to make a sharp, shrill sound; as,
   a bullet whistles through the air.

     The wild winds whistle, and the billows roar. Pope.


   Whis"tle, v. t.

   1.  To form, utter, or modulate by whistling; as, to whistle a tune or
   an air.

   2. To send, signal, or call by a whistle.

     He chanced to miss his dog; we stood still till he had whistled him
     up. Addison.

   To whistle off. (a) To dismiss by a whistle; -- a term in hawking. "AS
   a  long-winged  hawk  when  he  is first whistled off the fist, mounts
   aloft."  Burton.  (b) Hence, in general, to turn loose; to abandon; to
     I  'ld  whistle  her  off,  and  let  her  down the wind To prey at
     fortune. Shak.
     NOTE: &hand; "A h awk  seem s to have been usually sent off in this
     way, against the wind when sent in search of prey; with or down the
     wind, when turned loose, and abandoned." Nares.


   Whis"tle, n. [AS. hwistle a pipe, flute, whistle. See Whistle, v. i.]

   1.  A  sharp,  shrill, more or less musical sound, made by forcing the
   breath  through  a small orifice of the lips, or through or instrument
   which  gives a similar sound; the sound used by a sportsman in calling
   his  dogs;  the shrill note of a bird; as, the sharp whistle of a boy,
   or of a boatswain's pipe; the blackbird's mellow whistle.

     Might we but hear The folded flocks, penned in their wattled cotes,
     . . . Or whistle from the lodge. Milton.

     The  countryman  could not forbear smiling, . . . and by that means
     lost his whistle. Spectator.

     They fear his whistle, and forsake the seas. Dryden.

   2.  The  shrill  sound  made  by  wind  passing among trees or through
   crevices, or that made by bullet, or the like, passing rapidly through
   the  air; the shrill noise (much used as a signal, etc.) made by steam
   or gas escaping through a small orifice, or impinging against the edge
   of a metallic bell or cup.

   3.  An  instrument  in  which  gas  or  steam forced into a cavity, or
   against  a  thin edge, produces a sound more or less like that made by
   one who whistles through the compressed lips; as, a child's whistle; a
   boatswain's whistle; a steam whistle (see Steam whistle, under Steam).

     The bells she jingled, and the whistle blew. Pope.

   4.  The  mouth  and  throat;  --  so  called  as  being  the organs of
   whistling. [Colloq.]

     So was her jolly whistle well ywet. Chaucer.

     Let's drink the other cup to wet our whistles. Walton.

   Whistle duck (Zo\'94l.), the American golden-eye.


   Whis"tle*fish`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A gossat, or rockling; -- called
   also whistler, three-bearded rockling, sea loach, and sorghe.


   Whis"tler (?), n. [AS. hwistlere.]

   1. One who, or that which, whistles, or produces or a whistling sound.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The ring ousel. (b) The widgeon. [Prov. Eng.] (c)
   The golden-eye. (d) The golden plover and the gray plover.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) The hoary, or northern, marmot (Arctomys pruinosus).

   4. (Zo\'94l.) The whistlefish.


   Whis"tle*wing` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The American golden-eye.


   Whis"tle*wood`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  The moosewood, or striped maple. See


   Whis"tling  (?),  a. & n. from Whistle, v. Whistling buoy. (Naut.) See
   under  Buoy.  -- Whistling coot (Zo\'94l.), the American black scoter.
   --   Whistling  Dick.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  An  Australian  shrike  thrush
   (Colluricincla Selbii). (b) The song thrush. [Prov. Eng.] -- Whistling
   duck.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The  golden-eye. (b) A tree duck. -- Whistling
   eagle  (Zo\'94l.),  a small Australian eagle (Haliastur sphenurus); --
   called  also  whistling  hawk,  and  little  swamp eagle. -- Whistling
   plover.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The golden plover. (b) The black-bellied, or
   gray, plover. -- Whistling snipe (Zo\'94l.), the American woodcock. --
   Whistling  swan.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The European whooper swan; -- called
   also  wild swan, and elk. (b) An American swan (Olor columbianus). See
   under  Swan. -- Whistling teal (Zo\'94l.), a tree duck, as Dendrocygna
   awsuree  of  India.  --  Whistling  thrush.  (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any one of
   several  species  of  singing birds of the genus Myiophonus, native of
   Asia,  Australia,  and  the  East  Indies.  They  are generally black,
   glossed  with  blue, and have a patch of bright blue on each shoulder.
   Their  note  is  a loud and clear whistle. (b) The song thrush. [Prov.


   Whis"tling*ly, adv. In a whistling manner; shrilly.


   Whist"ly (?), adv. In a whist manner; silently. [Obs.]


   Whit  (?),  n.  [OE.  wight,  wiht,  AS. wiht a creature, a thing. See
   Wight,   and  cf.  Aught,  Naught.]  The  smallest  part  or  particle
   imaginable;  a  bit; a jot; an iota; -- generally used in an adverbial
   phrase  in  a  negative sentence. "Samuel told him every whit." 1 Sam.
   iii. 18. "Every whit as great." South.

     So shall I no whit be behind in duty. Shak.

     It does not me a whit displease. Cowley.


   White  (?),  a.  [Compar. Whiter (?); superl. Whitest.] [OE. whit, AS.
   hw;  akin  to  OFries. and OS. hw\'c6t, D. wit, G. weiss, OHG. w\'c6z,
   hw\'c6z,  Icel.  hv\'c6tr,  Sw.  hvit,  Dan. hvid, Goth. hweits, Lith.
   szveisti,  to  make  bright,  Russ.  sviet'  light,  Skr. white, to be
   bright. Wheat, Whitsunday.]

   1.  Reflecting  to  the eye all the rays of the spectrum combined; not
   tinted  with  any  of  the proper colors or their mixtures; having the
   color of pure snow; snowy; -- the opposite of black or dark; as, white
   paper; a white skin. "Pearls white." Chaucer.

     White as the whitest lily on a stream. Longfellow.

   2.  Destitute  of  color,  as  in the cheeks, or of the tinge of blood
   color; pale; pallid; as, white with fear.

     Or  whispering  with  white  lips, "The foe! They come! they come!"

   3.  Having  the  color  of  purity; free from spot or blemish, or from
   guilt or pollution; innocent; pure.

     White as thy fame, and as thy honor clear. Dryden.

     No whiter page than Addison's remains. Pope.

   4. Gray, as from age; having silvery hair; hoary.

     Your  high  engendered  battles  'gainst a head So old and white as
     this. Shak.

   5.  Characterized  by  freedom from that which disturbs, and the like;
   fortunate; happy; favorable.

     On  the  whole,  however,  the  dominie reckoned this as one of the
     white days of his life. Sir W. Scott.

   6. Regarded with especial favor; favorite; darling.

     Come forth, my white spouse. Chaucer.

     I am his white boy, and will not be gullet. Ford.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh ite is  us ed in many self-explaining compounds, as
     white-backed, white-bearded, white-footed.

   White  alder. (Bot.) See Sweet pepper bush, under Pepper. -- White ant
   (Zo\'94l.),  any  one of numerous species of social pseudoneuropterous
   insects  of  the  genus  Termes.  These  insects  are very abundant in
   tropical  countries, and form large and complex communities consisting
   of  numerous  asexual  workers  of  one or more kinds, of large-headed
   asexual individuals called soldiers, of one or more queens (or fertile
   females)  often having the body enormously distended by the eggs, and,
   at  certain  seasons  of  numerous  winged  males,  together  with the
   larv\'91  and  pup\'91  of each kind in various stages of development.
   Many  of  the species construct large and complicated nests, sometimes
   in  the  form  of  domelike  structures  rising several feet above the
   ground   and  connected  with  extensive  subterranean  galleries  and
   chambers.  In their social habits they closely resemble the true ants.
   They  feed  upon  animal  and  vegetable  substances of various kinds,
   including  timber,  and  are  often  very destructive to buildings and
   furniture.  --  White  arsenic  (Chem.),  arsenious  oxide,  As2O3,  a
   substance  of a white color, and vitreous adamantine luster, having an
   astringent,  sweetish  taste.  It  is  a  deadly poison. -- White bass
   (Zo\'94l.),  a fresh-water North American bass (Roccus chrysops) found
   in  the  Great  Likes.  --  White bear (Zo\'94l.), the polar bear. See
   under  Polar.  -- White blood cell. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte. -- White
   brand  (Zo\'94l.),  the  snow  goose. -- White brass, a white alloy of
   copper;  white copper. -- White campion. (Bot.) (a) A kind of catchfly
   (Silene  stellata)  with  white  flowers. (b) A white-flowered Lychnis
   (Lychnis vespertina). -- White canon (R. C. Ch.), a Premonstratensian.
   --  White caps, the members of a secret organization in various of the
   United  States,  who attempt to drive away or reform obnoxious persons
   by  lynch-law  methods.  They  appear  masked in white. -- White cedar
   (Bot.),  an evergreen tree of North America (Thuja occidentalis), also
   the  related  Cupressus  thyoides, or Cham\'91cyparis sph\'91roidea, a
   slender evergreen conifer which grows in the so-called cedar swamps of
   the  Northern  and  Atlantic  States.  Both  are much valued for their
   durable  timber.  In  California  the  name is given to the Libocedrus
   decurrens, the timber of which is also useful, though often subject to
   dry  rot.  Goodale.  The  white  cedar of Demerara, Guiana, etc., is a
   lofty  tree (Icica, OR Bursera, altissima) whose fragrant wood is used
   for  canoes and cabinetwork, as it is not attacked by insect. -- White
   cell.   (Physiol.)   See   Leucocyte.   --  White  cell-blood  (Med.),
   leucocyth\'91mia. -- White clover (Bot.), a species of small perennial
   clover  bearing  white flowers. It furnishes excellent food for cattle
   and  horses,  as  well  as for the honeybee. See also under Clover. --
   White  copper,  a  whitish  alloy  of copper. See German silver, under
   German.  --  White copperas (Min.), a native hydrous sulphate of iron;
   coquimbite.  --  White  coral (Zo\'94l.), an ornamental branched coral
   (Amphihelia  oculata) native of the Mediterranean. -- White corpuscle.
   (Physiol.)  See  Leucocyte.  --  White  cricket  (Zo\'94l.),  the tree
   cricket.  --  White crop, a crop of grain which loses its green color,
   or  becomes  white,  in  ripening, as wheat, rye, barley, and oats, as
   distinguished  from  a  green  crop,  or a root crop. -- White currant
   (Bot.),  a variety of the common red currant, having white berries. --
   White daisy (Bot.), the oxeye daisy. See under Daisy. -- White damp, a
   kind  of  poisonous  gas  encountered in coal mines. Raymond. -- White
   elephant  (Zo\'94l.),  a  whitish,  or  albino, variety of the Asiatic
   elephant.<--  (b)  Fig.  an object of little value; -- esp. a property
   requiring expensive upkeep but of little value to the owner, and often
   one  which  is  difficult to sell. --> -- White elm (Bot.), a majestic
   tree  of  North America (Ulmus Americana), the timber of which is much
   used  for hubs of wheels, and for other purposes. -- White ensign. See
   Saint George's ensign, under Saint. -- White feather, a mark or symbol
   of  cowardice.  See  To  show  the white feather, under Feather, n. --
   White  fir  (Bot.),  a  name  given to several coniferous trees of the
   Pacific  States,  as  Abies grandis, and A. concolor. -- White flesher
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  ruffed  grouse.  See under Ruffed. [Canada] -- White
   frost.  See  Hoarfrost. -- White game (Zo\'94l.), the white ptarmigan.
   --  White  garnet  (Min.), leucite. -- White grass (Bot.), an American
   grass  (Leersia  Virginica)  with  greenish-white  pale\'91.  -- White
   grouse.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The white ptarmigan. (b) The prairie chicken.
   [Local, U. S.] -- White grub (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the June bug and
   other  allied  species. These grubs eat the roots of grasses and other
   plants,  and  often  do  much  damage.  --  White hake (Zo\'94l.), the
   squirrel  hake. See under Squirrel. -- White hawk, OR kite (Zo\'94l.),
   the hen harrier. -- White heat, the temperature at which bodies become
   incandescent,  and appear white from the bright light which they emit.
   --  White  hellebore  (Bot.), a plant of the genus Veratrum (V. album)
   See  Hellebore, 2. -- White herring, a fresh, or unsmoked, herring, as
   distinguished  from  a  red,  or  cured,  herring. [R.] Shak. -- White
   hoolet (Zo\'94l.), the barn owl. [Prov. Eng.] -- White horses (Naut.),
   white-topped waves; whitecaps. -- The White House. See under House. --
   White  ibis  (Zo\'94l.),  an  American  ibis  (Guara  alba) having the
   plumage  pure white, except the tips of the wings, which are black. It
   inhabits  tropical America and the Southern United States. Called also
   Spanish  curlew.  --  White  iron. (a) Thin sheets of iron coated with
   tin;  tinned  iron.  (b)  A hard, silvery-white cast iron containing a
   large  proportion  of  combined  carbon. -- White iron pyrites (Min.),
   marcasite.  --  White land, a tough clayey soil, of a whitish hue when
   dry,  but  blackish  after  rain. [Eng.] -- White lark (Zo\'94l.), the
   snow  bunting.  --  White  lead.  (a) A carbonate of lead much used in
   painting,  and  for  other  purposes;  ceruse.  (b) (Min.) Native lead
   carbonate;  cerusite.  --  White leather, buff leather; leather tanned
   with  alum and salt. -- White leg (Med.), milk leg. See under Milk. --
   White  lettuce  (Bot.),  rattlesnake  root.  See under Rattlesnake. --
   White  lie.  See under Lie. -- White light. (a) (Physics) Light having
   the  different  colors  in  the same proportion as in the light coming
   directly  from  the sun, without having been decomposed, as by passing
   through  a  prism.  See  the  Note  under  Color, n., 1. (b) A kind of
   firework  which gives a brilliant white illumination for signals, etc.
   --  White  lime,  a  solution or preparation of lime for whitewashing;
   whitewash.  --  White  line (Print.), a void space of the breadth of a
   line,  on  a  printed  page;  a  blank  line.  --  White meat. (a) Any
   light-colored flesh, especially of poultry. (b) Food made from milk or
   eggs, as butter, cheese, etc.

     Driving  their  cattle continually with them, and feeding only upon
     their milk and white meats. Spenser.

   --  White  merganser (Zo\'94l.), the smew. -- White metal. (a) Any one
   of  several  white  alloys,  as pewter, britannia, etc. (b) (Metal.) A
   fine  grade  of  copper sulphide obtained at a certain stage in copper
   smelting. -- White miller. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The common clothes moth. (b)
   A  common  American  bombycid moth (Spilosoma Virginica) which is pure
   white  with  a  few small black spots; -- called also ermine moth, and
   virgin  moth.  See  Woolly  bear, under Woolly. -- White money, silver
   money.  --  White  mouse  (Zo\'94l.), the albino variety of the common
   mouse.  --  White  mullet  (Zo\'94l.), a silvery mullet (Mugil curema)
   ranging  from the coast of the United States to Brazil; -- called also
   blue-back  mullet,  and liza. -- White nun (Zo\'94l.), the smew; -- so
   called from the white crest and the band of black feathers on the back
   of its head, which give the appearance of a hood. -- White oak. (Bot.)
   See  under  Oak.  --  White owl. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The snowy owl. (b) The
   barn owl. -- White partridge (Zo\'94l.), the white ptarmigan. -- White
   perch.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  North  American  fresh-water  bass (Morone
   Americana)  valued  as  a  food  fish. (b) The croaker, or fresh-water
   drum. (c) Any California surf fish. -- White pine. (Bot.) See the Note
   under  Pine.  --  White  poplar (Bot.), a European tree (Populus alba)
   often  cultivated  as  a  shade tree in America; abele. -- White poppy
   (Bot.),  the  opium-yielding poppy. See Poppy. -- White powder, a kind
   of  gunpowder  formerly  believed  to  exist, and to have the power of
   exploding without noise. [Obs.]

     A pistol charged with white powder. Beau. & Fl.

   --  White  precipitate.  (Old  Chem.)  See under Precipitate. -- White
   rabbit.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The  American  northern  hare  in its winter
   pelage.  (b) An albino rabbit. -- White rent, (a) (Eng. Law) Formerly,
   rent  payable  in silver; -- opposed to black rent. See Blackmail, n.,
   3. (b) A rent, or duty, of eight pence, payable yearly by every tinner
   in  Devon  and  Cornwall to the Duke of Cornwall, as lord of the soil.
   [Prov.  Eng.]  --  White rhinoceros. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The one-horned, or
   Indian,  rhinoceros  (Rhinoceros  Indicus).  See  Rhinoceros.  (b) The
   umhofo.   --   White   ribbon,   the   distinctive  badge  of  certain
   organizations  for the promotion of temperance or of moral purity; as,
   the  White-ribbon  Army. -- White rope (Naut.), untarred hemp rope. --
   White rot. (Bot.) (a) Either of several plants, as marsh pennywort and
   butterwort,  which  were  thought to produce the disease called rot in
   sheep.  (b)  A  disease  of grapes. See White rot, under Rot. -- White
   sage  (Bot.),  a  white, woolly undershrub (Eurotia lanata) of Western
   North  America; -- called also winter fat. -- White salmon (Zo\'94l.),
   the   silver   salmon.   --  White  salt,  salt  dried  and  calcined;
   decrepitated   salt.   --  White  scale  (Zo\'94l.),  a  scale  insect
   (Aspidiotus  Nerii)  injurious  to  the orange tree. See Orange scale,
   under  Orange.  --  White  shark  (Zo\'94l.),  a species of man-eating
   shark.  See  under  Shark. -- White softening. (Med.) See Softening of
   the brain, under Softening. -- White spruce. (Bot.) See Spruce, n., 1.
   -- White squall (Naut.), a sudden gust of wind, or furious blow, which
   comes  up  without  being  marked  in  its  approach otherwise than by
   whitecaps, or white, broken water, on the surface of the sea. -- White
   staff,  the  badge of the lord high treasurer of England. Macaulay. --
   White  stork (Zo\'94l.), the common European stork. -- White sturgeon.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See  Shovelnose  (d).  -- White sucker. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The
   common sucker. (b) The common red horse (Moxostoma macrolepidotum). --
   White  swelling  (Med.), a chronic swelling of the knee, produced by a
   strumous  inflammation  of the synovial membranes of the kneejoint and
   of the cancellar texture of the end of the bone forming the kneejoint;
   -- applied also to a lingering chronic swelling of almost any kind. --
   White  tombac.  See  Tombac.  --  White  trout  (Zo\'94l.),  the white
   weakfish,  or  silver  squeteague  (Cynoscion nothus), of the Southern
   United States. -- White vitriol (Chem.), hydrous sulphate of zinc. See
   White vitriol, under Vitriol. -- White wagtail (Zo\'94l.), the common,
   or  pied,  wagtail. -- White wax, beeswax rendered white by bleaching.
   --  White  whale  (Zo\'94l.), the beluga. -- White widgeon (Zo\'94l.),
   the  smew.  --  White  wine.  any  wine of a clear, transparent color,
   bordering on white, as Madeira, sherry, Lisbon, etc.; -- distinguished
   from  wines  of a deep red color, as port and Burgundy. "White wine of
   Lepe."  Chaucer.  -- White witch, a witch or wizard whose supernatural
   powers  are supposed to be exercised for good and beneficent purposes.
   Addison.  Cotton Mather. -- White wolf. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A light-colored
   wolf  (Canis  laniger) native of Thibet; -- called also chanco, golden
   wolf,  and  Thibetan wolf. (b) The albino variety of the gray wolf. --
   White wren (Zo\'94l.), the willow warbler; -- so called from the color
   of the under parts.

   Page 1649


   White (?), n.

   1.  The  color  of pure snow; one of the natural colors of bodies, yet
   not strictly a color, but a composition of all colors; the opposite of
   black; whiteness. See the Note under Color, n., 1.

     Finely attired in a of white. Shak.

   2.  Something having the color of snow; something white, or nearly so;
   as, the white of the eye.

   3.  Specifically,  the  central part of the butt in archery, which was
   formerly  painted  white;  the  center of a mark at which a missile is

     'T was I won the wager, though you hit the white. Shak.

   4.  A  person  with a white skin; a member of the white, or Caucasian,
   races of men.

   5. A white pigment; as, Venice white.

   6.  (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of butterflies belonging to
   Pieris,  and  allied  genera  in which the color is usually white. See
   Cabbage butterfly, under Cabbage.
   Black  and  white.  See under Black. -- Flake white, Paris white, etc.
   See  under  Flack, Paris, etc. -- White of a seed (Bot.), the albumen.
   See  Albumen,  2.  --  White  of egg, the viscous pellucid fluid which
   surrounds  the yolk in an egg, particularly in the egg of a fowl. In a
   hen's  egg it is alkaline, and contains about 86 per cent of water and
   14  per  cent  of  solid  matter,  the greater portion of which is egg
   albumin.  It  likewise contains a small amount of globulin, and traces
   of  fats and sugar, with some inorganic matter. Heated above 60 C. it
   coagulates  to  a  solid mass, owing to the albumin which it contains.
   Parr.  --  White of the eye (Anat.), the white part of the ball of the
   eye surrounding the transparent cornea.


   White,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Whited; p. pr. & vb. n. Whiting.] [AS.
   hw\'c6tan.] To make white; to whiten; to whitewash; to bleach.

     Whited  sepulchers,  which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are
     within full of . . . uncleanness. Matt. xxiii. 27.

     So as no fuller on earth can white them. Mark. ix. 3.


   White"back` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The canvasback.


   White"bait`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The young of several species of
   herrings,  especially of the common herring, esteemed a great delicacy
   by   epicures  in  England.  (b)  A  small  translucent  fish  (Salanx
   Chinensis)  abundant  at  certain  seasons  on the coasts of China and
   Japan, and used in the same manner as the European whitebait.


   White"beam`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  The  common beam tree of England (Pyrus
   Aria);  --  so  called  from  the  white,  woolly under surface of the


   White"beard` (?), n. An old man; a graybeard.


   White"bel`ly (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The American widgeon, or baldpate.
   (b) The prairie chicken.


   White"bill` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The American coot.


   White"-blaze` (?), n. See White-face.


   White"blow` (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Whitlow grass, under Whitlow.


   White"boy` (?), n.

   1.  A  favorite.  [Obs.]  See  White, a., 6. "One of God's whiteboys."

   2.  One  of  an  association  of  poor  Roman catholics which arose in
   Ireland about 1760, ostensibly to resist the collection of tithes, the
   members  of  which  were  so called from the white shirts they wore in
   their nocturnal raids.


   White"boy`ism (?), n. The conduct or principle of the Whiteboys.


   White"cap` (?), n.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The European redstart; -- so called from its white
   forehead.  (b)  The  whitethroat; -- so called from its gray head. (c)
   The European tree sparrow.

   2.  A  wave  whose  crest  breaks into white foam, as when the wind is


   White"coat` (?), n. The skin of a newborn seal; also, the seal itself.
   [Sealers' Cant]


   White"-ear` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The wheatear.


   White"-eye` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species of small Old
   World  singing  of  the  genus  Zosterops, as Zosterops palpebrosus of
   India, and Z. c&oe;rulescens of Australia. The eyes are encircled by a
   ring of white feathers, whence the name. Called also bush creeper, and
   white-eyed tit.


   White"-face`  (?),  n.  A  white  mark  in  the  forehead  of a horse,
   descending almost to the nose; -- called also white-blaze.


   White"fish`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  Any  one of several species of
   Coregonus,  a  genus  of  excellent food fishes allied to the salmons.
   They inhabit the lakes of the colder parts of North America, Asia, and
   Europe.   The   largest   and  most  important  American  species  (C.
   clupeiformis)  is  abundant  in  the  Great  Lakes, and in other lakes
   farther  north.  Called  also lake whitefish, and Oswego bass. (b) The
   menhaden. (c) The beluga, or white whale.

     NOTE: &hand; Va rious other fishes are locally called whitefish, as
     the  silver  salmon, the whiting (a), the yellowtail, and the young
     of the bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix).


   White"flaw` (?), n. [See Whitlow.] (Med.) A whitlow. [Obs.] Holland.


   White"-foot`  (?),  n.  (Far.)  A  white  mark on the foot of a horse,
   between the fetlock and the coffin.

                                  White friar

   White" fri`ar (?). (Eccl.) A mendicant monk of the Carmelite order, so
   called from the white cloaks worn by the order. See Carmelite.


   White`-front"ed  (?),  a.  Having a white front; as, the white-fronted
   lemur. White-fronted goose (Zo\'94l.), the white brant, or snow goose.
   See Snow goose, under Snow.


   White"head` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The blue-winged snow goose. (b) The
   surf scoter.


   White"-heart`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A somewhat heart-shaped cherry with a
   whitish skin.


   White"-hot`   (?),  a.  White  with  heat;  heated  to  whiteness,  or


   White"-limed` (?), a. Whitewashed or plastered with lime. "White-limed
   walls." Shak.


   White"-liv`ered  (?),  a. Having a pale look; feeble; hence, cowardly;
   pusillanimous; dastardly.

     They must not be milksops, nor white-livered knights. Latimer.


   White"ly, a. Like, or coming near to, white. [Obs.]


   Whit"en  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Whitened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Whitening.]  [OE.  whitenen;  cf.  Icel. hv\'c6tna.] To grow white; to
   turn or become white or whiter; as, the hair whitens with age; the sea
   whitens with foam; the trees in spring whiten with blossoms.


   Whit"en,  v. t. To make white; to bleach; to blanch; to whitewash; as,
   to whiten a wall; to whiten cloth.

     The  broad stream of the Foyle then whitened by vast flocks of wild
     swans. Macaulay.

   Syn. -- See Blanch.


   Whit"en*er  (?),  n.  One  who,  or that which, whitens; a bleacher; a
   blancher;  a  whitewasher.  <--  a  bleach.  2.  A chemical used as an
   adjunct  to  laundering  white  cloth,  which makes white cloth appear
   whiter. A bluing agent.-->


   White"ness (?), n. [AS. hw\'c6tness.]

   1.  The  quality or state of being white; white color, or freedom from
   darkness or obscurity on the surface. Chaucer.

   2.  Want of a sanguineous tinge; paleness; as from terror, grief, etc.
   "The whiteness in thy cheek." Shak.

   3. Freedom from stain or blemish; purity; cleanness.

     He  had kept The whiteness of his soul, and thus men o'er him wept.

   4. Nakedness. [Obs.] Chapman.

   5. (Zo\'94l.) A flock of swans.


   Whit"en*ing (?), n.

   1. The act or process of making or becoming white.

   2. That which is used to render white; whiting. [R.]
   Whitening  stone,  a  sharpening  and polishing stone used by cutlers;
   also, a finishing grindstone of fine texture.


   White"-pot` (?), n. A kind of food made of milk or cream, eggs, sugar,
   bread, etc., baked in a pot. King.


   White"rump` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The American black-tailed godwit.


   Whites (?), n. pl.

   1. (Med.) Leucorrh

   2. The finest flour made from white wheat.

   3. Cloth or garments of a plain white color.


   White"side` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The golden-eye.


   White"smith` (?), n.

   1.  One  who  works  in  tinned  or  galvanized iron, or white iron; a

   2.  A worker in iron who finishes or polishes the work, in distinction
   from one who forges it.


   White"ster (?), n. [White + -ster.] A bleacher of lines; a whitener; a
   whitster. [Prov. Eng.]


   White"tail` (?), n.

   1. (Zo\'94l.) The Virginia deer.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The wheatear. [Prov. Eng.]


   White"thorn` (?), n. (Bot.) The hawthorn.


   White"throat`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of several species of Old
   World  warblers,  esp.  the  common European species (Sylvia cinerea),
   called  also  strawsmear,  nettlebird,  muff, and whitecap, the garden
   whitethroat,   or  golden  warbler  (S.  hortensis),  and  the  lesser
   whitethroat (S. curruca).


   White"top` (?), n. (Bot.) Fiorin.


   White"wall`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) The spotted flycatcher; -- so called
   from the white color of the under parts. [Prov. Eng.]


   White"wash` (, n.

   1.  Any  wash or liquid composition for whitening something, as a wash
   for making the skin fair. Addison.

   2.  A composition of line and water, or of whiting size, and water, or
   the like, used for whitening walls, ceilings, etc.; milk of lime.


   White"wash`,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Whitewashed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To apply a white liquid composition to; to whiten with whitewash.

   2. To make white; to give a fair external appearance to; to clear from
   imputations  or disgrace; hence, to clear (a bankrupt) from obligation
   to pay debts.


   White"wash`er (?), n. One who whitewashes.


   White"-wa`ter (?), n. (Far.) A dangerous disease of sheep.


   White"weed`  (?),  n. (Bot.) A perennial composite herb (Chrysanthemum
   Leucanthemum)  with conspicuous white rays and a yellow disk, a common
   weed in grass lands and pastures; -- called also oxeye daisy.


   White"wing`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) (a) The chaffinch; -- so called from
   the white bands on the wing. (b) The velvet duck.


   White"wood`  (?), n. The soft and easily-worked wood of the tulip tree
   (Liriodendron).  It  is  much  used in cabinetwork, carriage building,

     NOTE: &hand; Se veral ot her kinds of light-colored wood are called
     whitewood  in various countries, as the wood of Bignonia leucoxylon
     in the West Indies, of Pittosporum bicolor in Tasmania, etc.

   Whitewood bark. See the Note under Canella.


   White"wort`  (?), n. (Bot.) (a) Wild camomile. (b) A kind of Solomon's
   seal (Polygonum officinale).


   Whit"flaw`  (?),  n.  [See Whitlow.] Whitlow. [Obs.] "The nails fallen
   off by whitflaws." Herrick.


   Whith"er (?), adv. [OE. whider. AS. hwider; akin to E. where, who; cf.
   Goth. hvadr\'c7 whither. See Who, and cf. Hither, Thither.]

   1.  To  what  place;  -- used interrogatively; as, whither goest thou?
   "Whider may I flee?" Chaucer.

     Sir Valentine, whither away so fast? Shak.

   2. To what or which place; -- used relatively.

     That no man should know . . . whither that he went. Chaucer.

     We came unto the land whither thou sentest us. Num. xiii. 27.

   3.  To  what  point,  degree,  end,  conclusion, or design; whereunto;
   whereto; -- used in a sense not physical.

     Nor have I . . . whither to appeal. Milton.

   Any  whither,  to any place; anywhere. [Obs.] "Any whither, in hope of
   life  eternal."  Jer.  Taylor.  --  No  whither, to no place; nowhere.
   [Obs.]  2  Kings  v.  25.  Syn.  --  Where. -- Whither, Where. Whither
   properly  implies  motion to place, and where rest in a place. Whither
   is  now, however, to a great extent, obsolete, except in poetry, or in
   compositions  of  a  grave and serious character and in language where
   precision  is required. Where has taken its place, as in the question,
   "Where are you going?"

   Page 1650


   Whith`er*so*ev"er  (?), adv. [Whither + soever.] To whatever place; to
   what place soever; wheresoever; as, I will go whithersoever you lead.


   Whith"er*ward (?), adv. In what direction; toward what or which place.
   R. of Brunne.

     Whitherward  to  turn for a good course of life was by no means too
     apparent. Carlyle.


   Whit"ile  (?),  n. [Perhaps properly, the cutter (see Whittle, v.), or
   cf. whitewall, witwal.] (Zo\'94l.) The yaffle. [Prov. Eng.]


   Whit"ing (?), n. [From White.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) A common European food fish (Melangus vulgaris) of
   the  Codfish  family; -- called also fittin. (b) A North American fish
   (Merlucius  vulgaris)  allied  to the preceding; -- called also silver
   hake.  (c)  Any  one  of  several  species  of  North  American marine
   sci\'91noid food fishes belonging to genus Menticirrhus, especially M.
   Americanus,  found  from Maryland to Brazil, and M. littoralis, common
   from  Virginia  to  Texas;  --  called  also  silver whiting, and surf

     NOTE: &hand; Va rious ot her fi shes are locally called whiting, as
     the  kingfish (a), the sailor's choice (b), the Pacific tomcod, and
     certain species of lake whitefishes.

   2.  Chalk prepared in an impalpable powder by pulverizing and repeated
   washing,  used  as  a pigment, as an ingredient in putty, for cleaning
   silver, etc.
   Whiting   pollack.   (Zo\'94l.)  Same  as  Pollack.  --  Whiting  pout
   (Zo\'94l.), the bib, 2.


   Whit"ing-mop` (?), n. [Obs.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) A young whiting. [Prov. Eng.]

   2. A fair lass. "This pretty whiting-mop." Massinger.


   Whit"ish, a. [From White.]

   1. Somewhat white; approaching white; white in a moderate degree.

   2. (Bot.) Covered with an opaque white powder.


   Whit"ish*ness,  n.  The  quality or state of being whitish or somewhat


   Whit"leath`er (?), n. [White + leather.]

   1.  Leather dressed or tawed with alum, salt, etc., remarkable for its
   pliability and toughness; white leather.

   2. (Anat.) The paxwax. See Paxwax.


   Whit"ling  (?),  n.  [White  +  -ling.]  (Zo\'94l.) A young full trout
   during its second season. [Prov. Eng.]


   Whit"low  (?), n. [Prov. E. whickflaw, for quickflaw, i. e., a flaw or
   sore at the quick; cf. Icel. kvika the quick under the nail or under a
   horse's hoof. See Quick, a., and Flaw.]

   1.  (Med.)  An  inflammation  of the fingers or toes, generally of the
   last phalanx, terminating usually in suppuration. The inflammation may
   occupy  any seat between the skin and the bone, but is usually applied
   to a felon or inflammation of the periosteal structures of the bone.

   2.  (Far.)  An  inflammatory  disease of the feet. It occurs round the
   hoof, where an acrid matter is collected.
   Whitlow grass (Bot.), name given to several inconspicuous herbs, which
   were thought to be a cure for the whitlow, as Saxifraga tridactylites,
   Draba verna, and several species of Paronychia.


   Whit"low-wort` (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Whitlow grass, under Whitlow.


   Whit"mon`day  (?),  n. (Eccl.) The day following Whitsunday; -- called
   also Whitsun Monday.


   Whit"ney*ite  (?),  n.  [So  called  after  J.D.  Whitney, an American
   geologist.] (Min.) an arsenide of copper from Lake Superior.


   Whit"son (?), a. See Whitsun. [Obs.]


   Whit"sour` (?), n. [White + sour.] (Bot.) A sort of apple.


   Whit"ster  (?), n. [Contracted fr. whitester.] A whitener; a bleacher;
   a whitester. [Obs.]

     The whitsters in Datchet mead. Shak.


   Whit"sun  (?),  a. Of, pertaining to, or observed at, Whitsuntide; as,
   Whitsun week; Whitsun Tuesday; Whitsun pastorals.


   Whit"sun*day (?), n. [White + Sunday.]

   1.  (Eccl.)  The seventh Sunday, and the fiftieth day, after Easter; a
   festival  of  the  church  in commemoration of the descent of the Holy
   Spirit  on  the day of Pentecost; Pentecost; -- so called, it is said,
   because,  in  the  primitive church, those who had been newly baptized
   appeared at church between Easter and Pentecost in white garments.

   2. (Scots Law) See the Note under Term, n., 12.


   Whit"sun*tide`  (?),  n. [Whitsunday + tide.] The week commencing with
   Whitsunday,  esp.  the first three days -- Whitsunday, Whitsun Monday,
   and Whitsun Tuesday; the time of Pentecost. R. of Gloucester.

                                 Whitten tree

   Whit"ten  tree`  (?).  [Probably from white; cf. AS. hwitingtre\'a2w.]
   (Bot.)  Either  of  two  shrubs  (Viburnum Lantana, and V. Opulus), so
   called on account of their whitish branches.


   Whit"ter*ick (?), n. The curlew. [Prov. Eng.]


   Whit"tle  (?),  n.  [AS.  hw\'c6tel,  from  hwit  white; akin to Icel.
   hv\'c6till a white bed cover. See White.] (a) A grayish, coarse double
   blanket  worn  by  countrywomen,  in  the  west  of  England, over the
   shoulders,  like  a  cloak  or shawl. C. Kingsley. (b) Same as Whittle
   shawl,  below.  Whittle shawl, a kind of fine woolen shawl, originally
   and especially a white one.


   Whit"tle (?), n. [OE. thwitel, fr. AS. pw\'c6tan to cut. Cf. Thwittle,
   Thwaite  a piece of ground.] A knife; esp., a pocket, sheath, or clasp
   knife. "A butcher's whittle." Dryden. "Rude whittles." Macaulay.

     He wore a Sheffield whittle in his hose. Betterton.


   Whit"tle,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Whittled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whittling

   1.  To  pare  or  cut off the surface of with a small knife; to cut or
   shape,  as  a  piece  of  wood held in the hand, with a clasp knife or

   2.  To  edge;  to sharpen; to render eager or excited; esp., to excite
   with liquor; to inebriate. [Obs.]

     "In vino veritas." When men are well whittled, their tongues run at
     random. Withals.


   Whit"tle,  v.  i. To cut or shape a piece of wood with am small knife;
   to cut up a piece of wood with a knife.

     Dexterity  with  a  pocketknife is a part of a Nantucket education;
     but  I  am  inclined to think the propensity is national. Americans
     must and will whittle. Willis.


   Whit"tlings  (?),  n. pl. Chips made by one who whittles; shavings cut
   from a stick with a knife.


   Whit"tret (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A weasel. [Scot.]


   Whit"tues`day  (?), n. (Eccl.) The day following Whitmonday; -- called
   also Whitsun Tuesday.


   Whit"wall` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Whetile.

                                Whitworth ball

   Whit"worth ball` (?). (Gun.) A prejectile used in the Whitworth gun.

                                 Whitworth gun

   Whit"worth  gun`  (?).  (Gun.)  A form of rifled cannon and small arms
   invented by Sir Joseph Whitworth, of Manchester, England.

     NOTE: &hand; In  Mr . Whitworth's system, the bore of the gun has a
     polygonal  section,  and  the  twist  is  rapid. The ball, which is
     pointed  in  front, is made to fit the bore accurately, and is very
     much  elongated, its length being about three and one half times as
     great as its diameter.

   H. L. Scott.


   Whit"y-brown` (?), a. Of a color between white and brown. Pegge.


   Whiz  (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Whizzed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whizzing.]
   [Of imitative origin. Whistle, and Hiss.] To make a humming or hissing
   sound,  like  an  arrow or ball flying through the air; to fly or move
   swiftly with a sharp hissing or whistling sound. [Written also whizz.]

     It flew, and whizzing, cut the liquid way. Dryden.


   Whiz, n. A hissing and humming sound.

     Like the whiz of my crossbow. Coleridge.


   Whiz"zing*ly (?), adv. With a whizzing sound.


   Who  (?), pron. [Possess. whose (?); object. Whom (?).] [OE. who, wha,
   AS.  hw\'be,  interrogative pron., neut. hw\'91t; akin to OFries. hwa,
   neut.  hwet,  OS.  hw&emac;,  neut.  hwat,  D. wie, neut. wat, G. wer,
   neut.was,  OHG.  wer,  hwer,  neut. waz, hwaz, Icel. hvat, neut., Dan.
   hvo,  neut. hvad, Sw. ho, hvem, neut. hvad, Goth. hwas, fem. hw&omac;,
   neut.  hwa, Lith. kas, Ir. & Gael. co, W. pwy, L. quod, neuter of qui,
   Gr.  po`teros whether, Skr. kas. &root;182. Cf. How, Quantity, Quorum,
   Quote,  Ubiquity,  What,  When,  Where, Whether, Which, Whither, Whom,

   1.  Originally,  an  interrogative  pronoun, later, a relative pronoun
   also;  -- used always substantively, and either as singular or plural.
   See  the Note under What, pron., 1. As interrogative pronouns, who and
   whom  ask the question: What or which person or persons? Who and whom,
   as  relative  pronouns  (in  the  sense of that), are properly used of
   persons  (corresponding  to  which,  as  applied  to  things), but are
   sometimes, less properly and now rarely, used of animals, plants, etc.
   Who  and  whom,  as  compound  relatives,  are also used especially of
   persons,  meaning  the  person  that;  the persons that; the one that;
   whosoever. "Let who will be President." Macaulay.

     [He] should not tell whose children they were. Chaucer.

     There  thou  tell'st  of kings, and who aspire; Who fall, who rise,
     who triumph, who do moan. Daniel.

     Adders who with cloven tongues Do hiss into madness. Shak.

     Whom I could pity thus forlorn. Milton.

     How hard is our fate, who serve in the state. Addison.

     Who cheapens life, abates the fear of death. Young.

     The  brace  of  large  greyhounds,  who  were the companions of his
     sports. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  One;  any; one. [Obs., except in the archaic phrase, as who should

     As  who should say, it were a very dangerous matter if a man in any
     point  should  be  found  wiser than his forefathers were. Robynson
     (More's Utopia).


   Whoa (?), interj. Stop; stand; hold. See Ho, 2.


   Who"bub (?), n. Hubbub. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Who*ev"er  (?),  pron. Whatever person; any person who; be or she who;
   any  one  who;  as,  he shall be punished, whoever he may be. "Whoever
   envies or repines." Milton. "Whoever the king favors." Shak.


   Whole  (?),  a.  [OE.  hole,  hol,  hal, hool, AS. h\'bel well, sound,
   healthy;  akin  to OFries. & OS. h, D. heel, G. heil, Icel. heill, Sw.
   hel  whole,  Dan.  heel,  Goth.  hails well, sound, OIr. c augury. Cf.
   Hale, Hail to greet, Heal to cure, Health, Holy.]

   1.  Containing  the  total  amount,  number,  etc.; comprising all the
   parts;  free from deficiency; all; total; entire; as, the whole earth;
   the  whole  solar  system; the whole army; the whole nation. "On their
   whole host I flew unarmed." Milton.

     The whole race of mankind. Shak.

   2.  Complete;  entire;  not  defective  or  imperfect;  not  broken or
   fractured;  unimpaired;  uninjured;  integral; as, a whole orange; the
   egg is whole; the vessel is whole.

     My life is yet whole in me. 2 Sam. i. 9.

   3.  Possessing,  or being in a state of, heath and soundness; healthy;
   sound; well.

     [She] findeth there her friends hole and sound. Chaucer.

     They that be whole need not a physician. Matt. ix. 12.

     When Sir Lancelot's deadly hurt was whole. Tennyson.

   Whole  blood.  (Law  of Descent) See under Blood, n., 2. -- Whole note
   (Mus.), the note which represents a note of longest duration in common
   use;  a  semibreve.  --  Whole number (Math.), a number which is not a
   fraction  or  mixed  number;  an  integer. Whole snipe (Zo\'94l.), the
   common  snipe,  as  distinguished  from  the smaller jacksnipe. [Prov.
   Eng.]  Syn.  --  All;  total;  complete;  entire; integral; undivided;
   uninjured;  unimpaired;  unbroken;  healthy.  -- Whole, Total, Entire,
   Complete.  When  we use the word whole, we refer to a thing as made up
   of  parts,  none of which are wanting; as, a whole week; a whole year;
   the  whole  creation. When we use the word total, we have reference to
   all  as  taken  together, and forming a single totality; as, the total
   amount;  the total income. When we speak of a thing as entire, we have
   no  reference  to parts at all, but regard the thing as an integer, i.
   e.,  continuous  or  unbroken;  as, an entire year; entire prosperity.
   When  we  speak  of  a  thing  as complete, there is reference to some
   progress  which  results  in a filling out to some end or object, or a
   perfected  state  with no deficiency; as, complete success; a complete

     All the whole army stood agazed on him. Shak.

     One entire and perfect chrysolite. Shak.

     Lest  total darkness should by night regain Her old possession, and
     extinguish life. Milton.

     So absolute she seems, And in herself complete. Milton.


   Whole (?), n.

   1.  The entire thing; the entire assemblage of parts; totality; all of
   a thing, without defect or exception; a thing complete in itself.

     "This  not  the  whole of life to live, Nor all of death to die. J.

   2. A regular combination of parts; a system.

     Parts answering parts shall slide into a whole. Pope.

   Committee  of  the  whole.  See  under  Committee.  -- Upon the whole,
   considering all things; taking everything into account; in view of all
   the  circumstances  or  conditions.  Syn.  -- Totality; total; amount;
   aggregate; gross.


   Whole"-hoofed` (?), a. Having an undivided hoof, as the horse.


   Whole"-length`  (?),  a.  Representing  the whole figure; -- said of a
   picture  or  statue. -- n. A portrait or statue representing the whole
   figure. <-- = full-length? -->


   Whole"ness,  n. The quality or state of being whole, entire, or sound;
   entireness; totality; completeness.


   Whole"sale`  (?),  n. Sale of goods by the piece or large quantity, as
   distinguished  from  retail.  By  wholesale,  in  the  mass;  in large
   quantities; without distinction or discrimination.

     Some,  from  vanity  or  envy,  despise  a valuable book, and throw
     contempt upon it by wholesale. I. Watts.


   Whole"sale`, a.

   1. Pertaining to, or engaged in, trade by the piece or large quantity;
   selling  to  retailers  or  jobbers  rather  than  to consumers; as, a
   wholesale merchant; the wholesale price.

   2.  Extensive and indiscriminate; as, wholesale slaughter. "A time for
   wholesale trust." Mrs. Humphry Ward.


   Whole"some  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Wholesomer  (?); superl. Wholesomest.]
   [Whole + some; cf. Icel. heilsamr, G. heilsam, D. heilzaam.]

   1. Tending to promote health; favoring health; salubrious; salutary.

     Wholesome thirst and appetite. Milton.

     From  which  the industrious poor derive an agreeable and wholesome
     variety of food. A Smith.

   2.  Contributing  to  the  health  of  the  mind; favorable to morals,
   religion,  or  prosperity;  conducive  to  good;  salutary; sound; as,
   wholesome  advice;  wholesome  doctrines;  wholesome truths; wholesome

     A wholesome tongue is a tree of life. Prov. xv. 4.

     I  can  not  .  . . make you a wholesome answer; my wit's diseased.

     A wholesome suspicion began to be entertained. Sir W. Scott.

   3.   Sound;   healthy.   [Obs.]   Shak.   --  Whole"some*ly,  adv.  --
   Whole"some*ness, n.


   Whole"-souled`   (?),  a.  Thoroughly  imbued  with  a  right  spirit;
   noble-minded; devoted.


   Whol"ly (?), adv.

   1. In a whole or complete manner; entirely; completely; perfectly.

     Nor wholly overcome, nor wholly yield. Dryden.

   2. To the exclusion of other things; totally; fully.

     They employed themselves wholly in domestic life. Addison.


   Whom  (?),  pron.  [OE.  wham,  AS.  dative hw\'bem, hw. See Who.] The
   objective case of who. See Who.

     NOTE: &hand; In  Ol d En glish, wh om wa s al so commonly used as a
     dative. Cf. Him.

     And every grass that groweth upon root She shall eke know, and whom
     it will do boot. Chaucer.


   Whom`so*ev"er (?), pron. The objective of whosoever. See Whosoever.

     The  Most  High  ruleth  in  the  kingdow  of men, and giveth it to
     whomsoever he will. Dan. iv. 17.


   Whoo"bub (?), n. Hubbub. [Obs.] Shak.


   Whoop (, n. [See Hoopoe.] (Zo\'94l.) The hoopoe.


   Whoop,  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Whooped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whooping.]
   [OE. houpen. See Hoop, v. i.]

   1.  To  utter  a  whoop,  or  loud  cry,  as eagerness, enthusiasm, or
   enjoyment;  to  cry out; to shout; to halloo; to utter a war whoop; to
   hoot, as an owl.

     Each whooping with a merry shout. Wordsworth.

     When  naught  was heard but now and then the howl Of some vile cur,
     or whooping of the owl. W. Browne.

   2.  To  cough  or  breathe with a sonorous inspiration, as in whooping


   Whoop, v. t. To insult with shouts; to chase with derision.

     And  suffered  me by the voice of slaves to be Whooped out of Rome.

   Page 1651


   Whoop (?), n.

   1.  A  shout  of  pursuit  or of war; a very of eagerness, enthusiasm,
   enjoyment,  vengeance, terror, or the like; an halloo; a hoot, or cry,
   as of an owl.

     A  fox,  crossing the road, drew off a considerable detachment, who
     clapped  spurs  to  their  horses,  and pursued him with whoops and
     halloos. Addison.

     The whoop of the crane. Longfellow.

   2.  A  loud,  shrill,  prolonged  sound or sonorous inspiration, as in
   whooping cough.


   Whoop"er  (?),  n.  One  who,  or  that  which, whooops. Woopher swan.
   (Zo\'94l.) See the Note under Swan.


   Whoop"ing, a. & n. from Whoop, v. t. Whooping cough (Med.), a violent,
   convulsive  cough,  returning  at  longer  or  shorter  intervals, and
   consisting of several expirations, followed by a sonorous inspiration,
   or  whoop;  chin  cough;  hooping  cough. Dunglison. -- Whooping crane
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  North  American  crane  (Crus Americana) noted for the
   loud,  whooplike  note  which it utters.<-- The species was reduced by
   hunting  to  several  dozen  in  the  1960's and the numbers have been
   slowly  rising  since.  -->  --  Whooping swan (Zo\'94l.), the whooper
   swan. See the Note under Swan.


   Whoot (?), v. i. [See Hoot.] To hoot. [Obs.]


   Whop (?), v. t. Same as Whap. Forby.


   Whop, n. Same as Whap.


   Whop"per  (?),  n.  [Cf. Whapper.] <-- since < 1950 the preferred term
   for whapper, something very large, as a big lie. -->

   1. One who, or that which, whops.

   2. Same as Whapper.


   Whore  (?), n. [OE. hore, AS. h; akin to D. hoer, hoere, G. hure, OHG.
   huora, huorra, Icel. h, Dan. hore, Sw. hora, Goth. h an adulterer, AS.
   h  adultery, OHG. huor, and probably to L. carus dear. Cf. Charity.] A
   woman  who practices unlawful sexual commerce with men, especially one
   who  prostitutes  her  body  for hire; a prostitute; a harlot. Wyclif.
   Syn. -- Harlot; courtesan; prostitute; strumpet.


   Whore,  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Whored (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whoring.] [Cf.
   Icel. h. See Whore, n.]

   1. To have unlawful sexual intercourse; to practice lewdness.

   2. (Script.) To worship false and impure gods.


   Whore,  v.  t.  To corrupt by lewd intercourse; to make a whore of; to
   debauch. [R.] Congreve.


   Whore"dom (?), n. [OE. hordom; cf. Icel. h.]

   1.   The   practice  of  unlawful  intercourse  with  the  other  sex;
   fornication; lewdness.

   2. (Script.) The sin of worshiping idols; idolatry.

     O  Ephraim,  thou  committest whoredom, and Israel is defiled; they
     will not . . . turn unto their God. Hos. v. 3, 4.


   Where"mas`ter (?), n.

   1. A man who practices lewdness; a lecher; a whoremonger.

   2. One keeps or procures whores for others; a pimp; a procurer.


   Whore"mas`ter*ly, a. Having the character of a whoremaster; lecherous;


   Whore"mon`ger (?), n. A whoremaster; a lecher; a man who frequents the
   society of whores.


   Whore"son  (?),  n.  A bastard; colloquially, a low, scurvy fellow; --
   used generally in contempt, or in coarse humor. Also used adjectively.
   [Archaic] Shak.


   Whor"ish  (?), a. Resembling a whore in character or conduct; addicted
   to  unlawful  pleasures;  incontinent; lewd; unchaste. -- Whor"ish*ly,
   adv. -- Whor"ish*ness, n.


   Whorl (?), n. [OE. whorvil the whirl of a spindle; akin to AS. hweorfa
   the  whirl of a spindle, hweorfan to turn; cf. OD. worvel the whirl of
   a spindle. See Whirl, n. & v.]

   1.  (Bot.)  A  circle of two or more leaves, flowers, or other organs,
   about the same part or joint of a stem.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A volution, or turn, of the spire of a univalve shell.

   3. (Spinning) The fly of a spindle.


   Whorled (?), a. Furnished with whorls; arranged in the form of a whorl
   or whorls; verticillate; as, whorled leaves.


   Whorl"er (?), n. A potter's wheel.


   Whort   (?),  n.  [See  Whortleberry.]  (Bot.)  The  whortleberry,  or
   bilberry. See Whortleberry (a).


   Whor"tle (?), n. (Bot.) The whortleberry, or bilberry.

     [He]  looked  ahead  of  him  from behind a tump of whortles. R. D.


   Whor"tle*ber`ry  (?), n. [AS. wyrtil a small shrub (dim. of wyrt wort)
   + E. berry. See Wort, and cf. Huckleberry, Hurtleberry.] (Bot.) (a) In
   England, the fruit of Vaccinium Myrtillus; also, the plant itself. See
   Bilberry,  1.  (b)  The  fruit  of several shrubby plants of the genus
   Gaylussacia; also, any one of these plants. See Huckleberry.


   Whose  (?),  pron.  [OE.  whos, whas, AS. hw\'91s, gen. of hw\'be. See
   Who.] The possessive case of who or which. See Who, and Which.

     Whose daughter art thou? tell me, I pray thee. Gen. xxiv. 23.

     The question whose solution I require. Dryden.


   Whose`so*ev"er (?), pron. The possessive of whosoever. See Whosoever.


   Who"so (?), pron. Whosoever. Piers Plowman.

     Whoso  shrinks  or falters now, . . . Brand the craven on his brow!


   Who`so-ev"er  (?),  pron. Whatsoever person; any person whatever that;

     Whosoever will, let him take . . . freely. Rev. xxii. 17.


   Whot (?), a. Hot. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Whur (?), v. i. [Probably of imitative origin. Cf. Hurr, Hurry, Whir.]

   1.  To make a rough, humming sound, like one who pronounces the letter
   r with too much force; to whir; to birr.

   2. To snarl or growl, as a dog. Halliwell.


   Whur  (?),  n. A humming or whirring sound, like that of a body moving
   through the air with velocity; a whir.


   Whur"ry (?), v. t. [See Hurry.] To whisk along quickly; to hurry. [R.]

     Whurrying the chariot with them to the shore. Vicars.


   Whurt (?), n. (Bot.) See Whort.


   Why  (?),  adv.  [OE.  whi,  why, AS. hw\'c6, hw, instrumental case of
   hw\'be,  hw\'91t;  akin to Icel. hv\'c6 why, Dan. & Sw. hvi; cf. Goth.
   hw. Who.]

   1.  For what cause, reason, or purpose; on what account; wherefore; --
   used interrogatively. See the Note under What, pron., 1.

     Turn  ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house
     of Israel? Ezek. xxxiii. 11.

   2. For which; on account of which; -- used relatively.

     No  ground  of enmity between us known Why he should mean me ill or
     seek to harm. Milton.

     Turn  the discourse; I have a reason why I would not have you speak
     so tenderly. Dryden.

   3.  The  reason  or cause for which; that on account of which; on what
   account;  as,  I  know  not why he left town so suddenly; -- used as a
   compound relative.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh y is  so metimes us ed as  an  in terjection or  an
     expletive  in  expression  of  surprise  or  content  at  a turn of
     affairs; used also in calling. "Why, Jessica!" Shak.

     If  her  chill heart I can not move, Why, I'll enjoy the very love.

     Sometimes, also, it is used as a noun.

     The how and the why and the where. Goldsmith.

   For why, because; why. See Forwhy. [Obs. or Colloq.]


   Why, n. A young heifer. [Prov. Eng.] Grose.

                         Whydah bird, OR Whydah finch

   Whyd"ah bird` (?), OR Whyd"ah finch` (?). (Zo\'94l.) The whidah bird.


   Why"-not`  (?),  n.  A  violent  and  peremptory procedure without any
   assigned reason; a sudden conclusive happening. [Obs.]

     When the church Was taken with a why-not in the lurch. Hudibras.

     This  game . . . was like to have been lost with a why-not. Nug\'91


   Wich (?), n. A variant of 1st Wick.


   Wich"i*tas  (?), n. pl.; sing. Wichita (. (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians
   native  of  the  region  between the Arkansas and Red rivers. They are
   related to the Pawnees. See Pawnees.

                                 Wick, OR Wich

   Wick  (?),  OR Wich (?), n. [AS. w\'c6c village, fr. L. vicus. In some
   names  of  places,  perhaps fr. Icel. v\'c6k an inlet, creek, bay. See
   Vicinity, and cf. Villa.]

   1.  A  street;  a  village;  a castle; a dwelling; a place of work, or
   exercise  of  authority;  --  now  obsolete except in composition; as,
   bailiwick, Warwick, Greenwick. Stow.

   2.  (Curling)  A narrow port or passage in the rink or course, flanked
   by the stones of previous players.


   Wick  (?), n. [OE. wicke, weyke, weke, AS. weoca or wecca; cf. D. wiek
   a  roll  of  lint,  Prov. G. wicke, and wieche, OHG. wiohha, Sw. veke,
   Dan.  v\'91ge;  of uncertain origin.] A bundle of fibers, or a loosely
   twisted  or  braided  cord,  tape,  or tube, usually made of soft spun
   cotton threads, which by capillary attraction draws up a steady supply
   of  the  oil  in  lamps, the melted tallow or wax in candles, or other
   material  used  for  illumination, in small successive portions, to be

     But  true it is, that when the oil is spent The light goes out, and
     wick is thrown away. Spenser.


   Wick,  v.  i.  (Curling)  To  strike  a stone in an oblique direction.


   Wick"e (?), a. Wicked. [Obs.] Piers Plowman. "With full wikke intent."


   Wicked  (?),  a.  Having a wick; -- used chiefly in composition; as, a
   two-wicked lamp.


   Wick"ed  (?) a. [OE. wicked, fr. wicke wicked; probably originally the
   same word as wicche wizard, witch. See Witch.]

   1. Evil in principle or practice; deviating from morality; contrary to
   the  moral  or  divine  law; addicted to vice or sin; sinful; immoral;
   profligate; -- said of persons and things; as, a wicked king; a wicked
   woman; a wicked deed; wicked designs.

     Hence,  then,  and  evil  go with thee along, Thy offspring, to the
     place of evil, hell, Thou and thy wicked crew! Milton.

     Never, never, wicked man was wise. Pope.

   2.  Cursed;  baneful;  hurtful;  bad;  pernicious;  dangerous.  [Obs.]
   "Wicked dew." Shak.

     This were a wicked way, but whoso had a guide. P. Plowman.

   3.  Ludicrously  or  sportively  mischievous;  disposed  to  mischief;
   roguish. [Colloq.]

     Pen looked uncommonly wicked. Thackeray.

   Syn.   --  Iniquitous;  sinful;  criminal;  guilty;  immoral;  unjust;
   unrighteous;   unholy;   irreligious;   ungodly;   profane;   vicious;
   pernicious;   atrocious;  nefarious;  heinous;  flagrant;  flagitious;
   abandoned. See Iniquitous.


   Wick"ed*ly,  adv. In a wicked manner; in a manner, or with motives and
   designs, contrary to the divine law or the law of morality; viciously;
   corruptly; immorally.

     I have sinned, and I have done wickedly. 2 Sam. xxiv. 17.


   Wick"ed*ness, n.

   1.  The  quality or state of being wicked; departure from the rules of
   the   divine   or  the  moral  law;  evil  disposition  or  practices;
   immorality; depravity; sinfulness.

     God saw that the wickedness of man was great. Gen. vi. 5.

     Their inward part is very wickedness. Ps. v. 9.

   2. A wicked thing or act; crime; sin; iniquity.

     I'll  never  care  what wickedness I do, If this man comes to good.

                                  Wicken tree

   Wick"en tree` (?). Same as Quicken tree.


   Wick"er  (?),  n.  [OE.  wiker,  wikir,  osier,  probably  akin to AS.
   w\'c6can to give way. Cf. Weak.]

   1.  A  small pliant twig or osier; a rod for making basketwork and the
   like; a withe.

   2. Wickerwork; a piece of wickerwork, esp. a basket.

     Then quick did dress His half milk up for cheese, and in a press Of
     wicker pressed it. Chapman.

   3. Same as 1st Wike. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wick"er  (?),  a.  Made  of,  or  covered  with,  twigs  or osiers, or

     Each   one  a  little  wicker  basket  had,  Made  of  fine  twigs,
     entrail\'82d curiously. Spenser.


   Wick"ered  (?),  a.  Made  of, secured by, or covered with, wickers or

     Ships  of  light  timber,  wickered with osier between, and covered
     over with leather. Milton.


   Wick"er*work`  (?),  n.  A texture of osiers, twigs, or rods; articles
   made of such a texture.


   Wick"et  (?),  n. [OE. wiket, OF. wiket, guichet, F. quichet; probably
   of  Scand.  origin;  cf.  Icel.  v  a  small  creek, inlet, bay, vik a

   1.  A  small  gate  or door, especially one forming part of, or placed
   near,  a  larger  door or gate; a narrow opening or entrance cut in or
   beside  a  door  or  gate,  or  the  door  which is used to close such
   entrance or aperture. Piers Plowman. "Heaven's wicket." Milton.

     And  so went to the high street, . . . and came to the great tower,
     but the gate and wicket was fast closed. Ld. Berners.

     The wicket, often opened, knew the key. Dryden.

   2.  A small gate by which the chamber of canal locks is emptied, or by
   which the amount of water passing to a water wheel is regulated.

   3.  (Cricket)  (a)  A  small framework at which the ball is bowled. It
   consists  of three rods, or stumps, set vertically in the ground, with
   one  or  two  short  rods, called bails, lying horizontally across the
   top. (b) The ground on which the wickets are set.

   4.  A  place  of  shelter  made  of  the  boughs  of trees, -- used by
   lumbermen, etc. [Local, U. S.] Bartlett.

   5.  (Mining)  The space between the pillars, in postand-stall working.
   Wicket  door, Wicket gate, a small door or gate; a wicket. See def. 1,
   above.  Bunyan.  --  Wicket  keeper  (Cricket),  the player who stands
   behind  the  wicket to catch the balls and endeavor to put the batsman


   Wick"ing,  n.  the  material  of which wicks are made; esp., a loosely
   braided or twisted cord or tape of cotton.

                            Wiclifite, Wickliffite

   Wic"lif*ite, Wick"liff*ite (?), n. See Wyclifite.


   Wic"o*py (?), n. (Bot.) See Leatherwood.


   Wid"dy  (?),  n. [Cf. Withy.] A rope or halter made of flexible twigs,
   or withes, as of birch. [Scot.]


   Wide  (?), a. [Compar. Wider (?); superl. Widest.] [OE. wid, wyde, AS.
   w\'c6d;  akin  to OFries. & OS. w\'c6d, D. wijd, G. weit, OHG. w\'c6t,
   Icel. v\'c6\'ebr, Sw. & Dan. vid; of uncertain origin.]

   1.  Having considerable distance or extent between the sides; spacious
   across;  much  extended  in  a  direction  at  right angles to that of
   length;  not  narrow;  broad;  as,  wide  cloth;  a wide table; a wide
   highway; a wide bed; a wide hall or entry.

     The chambers and the stables weren wyde. Chaucer.

     Wide is the gate . . . that leadeth to destruction. Matt. vii. 18.

   2.  Having  a great extent every way; extended; spacious; broad; vast;
   extensive;  as, a wide plain; the wide ocean; a wide difference. "This
   wyde world." Chaucer.

     For sceptered cynics earth were far too wide a den. Byron.

     When  the wide bloom, on earth that lies, Seems of a brighter world
     than ours. Bryant.

   3.  Of  large  scope; comprehensive; liberal; broad; as, wide views; a
   wide understanding.

     Men of strongest head and widest culture. M. Arnold.

   4. Of a certain measure between the sides; measuring in a direction at
   right angles to that of length; as, a table three feet wide.

   5. Remote; distant; far.

     The  contrary  being  so  wide  from the truth of Scripture and the
     attributes of God. Hammond.

   6.  Far  from truth, from propriety, from necessity, or the like. "Our
   wide expositors." Milton.

     It is far wide that the people have such judgments. Latimer.

     How wide is all this long pretense ! Herbert.

   7.  On  one  side or the other of the mark; too far side-wise from the
   mark, the wicket, the batsman, etc.

     Surely he shoots wide on the bow hand. Spenser.

     I was but two bows wide. Massinger.

   8.  (Phon.)  Made,  as  a  vowel, with a less tense, and more open and
   relaxed,  condition of the mouth organs; -- opposed to primary as used
   by  Mr.  Bell,  and  to  narrow  as  used by Mr. Sweet. The effect, as
   explained  by  Mr.  Bell,  is  due to the relaxation or tension of the
   pharynx; as explained by Mr. Sweet and others, it is due to the action
   of  the  tongue.  The wide of &emac; (&emac;ve) is &icr; (&icr;ll); of
   \'be  (\'bete)  is &ecr; (&ecr;nd), etc. See Guide to Pronunciation, 

     NOTE: &hand; Wi de is  often prefixed to words, esp. to participles
     and  participial adjectives, to form self-explaining compounds; as,
     wide-beaming,     wide-branched,     wide-chopped,    wide-echoing,
     wide-extended,  wide-mouthed,  wide-spread, wide-spreading, and the

   Far  and wide. See under Far. -- Wide gauge. See the Note under Cauge,


   Wide, adv. [As. w.]

   1.  To a distance; far; widely; to a great distance or extent; as, his
   fame was spread wide.

     [I] went wyde in this world, wonders to hear. Piers Plowman.

   2.  So  as  to leave or have a great space between the sides; so as to
   form a large opening. Shak.

   3.  So  as  to  be or strike far from, or on one side of, an object or
   purpose; aside; astray.


   Wide, n.

   1.  That  which is wide; wide space; width; extent. "The waste wide of
   that abyss." Tennyson.

   2. That which goes wide, or to one side of the mark.

   Page 1652


   Wide`-a*wake" (?), a. Fully awake; not Dickens.


   Wide`-a*wake", n. A broad-brimmed, low-crowned felt hat.


   Wide"gap`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) The angler; -- called also widegab, and


   Wide"ly, adv.

   1. In a wide manner; to a wide degree or extent; far; extensively; as,
   the gospel was widely disseminated by the apostles.

   2.  Very  much;  to  a great degree or extent; as, to differ widely in


   Wid"en  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Widened  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Widening.]  To  make  wide or wider; to extend in breadth; to increase
   the  width  of;  as,  to  widen a field; to widen a breach; to widen a


   Wid"en, v. i. To grow wide or wider; to enlarge; to spread; to extend.

     Arches widen, and long aisles extend. Pope.


   Wide"ness (?), n.

   1.  The  quality  or state of being wide; breadth; width; great extent
   from  side  to  side; as, the wideness of a room. "I landed in a small
   creek about the wideness of my canoe." Swift.

   2.  Large  extent  in  all  directions;  broadness; greatness; as, the
   wideness of the sea or ocean.


   Wide"spread`  (?),  a.  Spread  to  a great distance; widely extended;
   extending far and wide; as, widespread wings; a widespread movement.


   Wide"where`  (?),  adv.  [See  Wide, and Where.] Widely; far and wide.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Widg"eon  (?),  n.  [Probably  from  an  old French form of F. vigeon,
   vingeon,  gingeon; of uncertain origin; cf. L. vipio, -onis, a kind of
   small  crane.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one of several species of fresh-water
   ducks, especially those belonging to the subgenus Mareca, of the genus
   Anas.  The  common  European  widgeon (Anas penelope) and the American
   widgeon  (A.  Americana) are the most important species. The latter is
   called  also  baldhead,  baldpate,  baldface, baldcrown, smoking duck,
   wheat, duck, and whitebelly. Bald-faced, OR Green-headed, widgeon, the
   American  widgeon. -- Black widgeon, the European tufted duck. -- Gray
   widgeon.  (a)  The  gadwall.  (b)  The  pintail  duck. -- Great headed
   widgeon,  the  poachard.  --  Pied  widgeon. (a) The poachard. (b) The
   goosander.  Saw-billed  widgeon, the merganser. -- Sea widgeon. See in
   the  Vocabulary.  --  Spear  widgeon,  the  goosander. [Prov. Eng.] --
   Spoonbilled widgeon, the shoveler. -- White widgeon, the smew. -- Wood
   widgeon, the wood duck.


   Wid"ish (?), a. Moderately wide. Tyndall.

                           Widmanst\'84tten figures

   Wid"man*st\'84t`ten  fig"ures (?). (Min.) Certain figures appearing on
   etched  meteoric  iron;  -- so called after A. B. Widmanst\'84tten, of
   Vienna,  who  first  described  them in 1808. See the Note and Illust.
   under Meteorite.


   Wid"ow  (?),  n. [OE. widewe, widwe, AS. weoduwe, widuwe, wuduwe; akin
   to  OFries.  widwe,  OS.  widowa,  D.  weduwe,  G. wittwe, witwe, OHG.
   wituwa,  witawa,  Goth.  widuw,  Russ. udova, OIr. fedb, W. gweddw, L.
   vidua,  Skr.  vidhav\'be;  and  probably  to Skr. vidh to be empty, to
   lack;  cf. Gr. Vidual.] A woman who has lost her husband by death, and
   has  not  married  again;  one  living  bereaved of a husband. "A poor
   widow."  Chaucer.  Grass widow. See under Grass. -- Widow bewitched, a
   woman   separated   from   her   husband;  a  grass  widow.  [Colloq.]
   Widow-in-mourning   (Zo\'94l.),   the   macavahu.   --   Widow  monkey
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  small South American monkey (Callithrix lugens); -- so
   called on account of its color, which is black except the dull whitish
   arms,  neck,  and  face,  and a ring of pure white around the face. --
   Widow's  chamber  (Eng.  Law), in London, the apparel and furniture of
   the  bedchamber  of  the widow of a freeman, to which she was formerly


   Wid"ow,  a.  Widowed.  "A  widow  woman." 1 Kings xvii. 9. "This widow
   lady." Shak.


   Wid"ow, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Widowed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Widowing.]

   1.  To reduce to the condition of a widow; to bereave of a husband; --
   rarely used except in the past participle.

     Though in thus city he Hath widowed and unchilded many a one, Which
     to this hour bewail the injury. Shak.

   2.  To  deprive  of  one who is loved; to strip of anything beloved or
   highly esteemed; to make desolate or bare; to bereave.

     The widowed isle, in mourning, Dries up her tears. Dryden.

     Tress of their shriveled fruits Are widowed, dreary storms o'er all
     prevail. J. Philips.

     Mourn, widowed queen; forgotten Sion, mourn. Heber.

   3. To endow with a widow's right. [R.] Shak.

   4. To become, or survive as, the widow of. [Obs.]

     Let me be married to three kings in a forenoon, and widow them all.

                                  Widow bird

   Wid"ow bird` (?). (Zo\'94l.) See Whidan bird.


   Wid"ow*er  (?),  n.  A man who has lost his wife by death, and has not
   married again. Shak.


   Wid"ow*er*hood (?), n. The state of being a widower.


   Wid"ow*hood (?), n.

   1. The state of being a widow; the time during which a woman is widow;
   also, rarely, the state of being a widower.

     Johnson  clung to her memory during a widowhood of more than thirty
     years. Leslie Stephen.

   2.  Estate  settled  on  a  widow.  [Obs.]  "I  'll  assure her of her
   widowhood . . . in all my lands." Shak.


   Wid"ow-hunt`er  (?),  n.  One  who courts widows, seeking to marry one
   with a fortune. Addison.


   Wid"ow*ly, a. Becoming or like a widow.


   Wid"ow-mak`er  (?),  n.  One  who makes widows by destroying husbands.
   [R.] Shak.


   Wid"ow-wail`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  low,  narrowleaved  evergreen shrub
   (Cneorum tricoccon) found in Southern Europe.


   Width (?), n. [From Wide.] The quality of being wide; extent from side
   to  side;  breadth;  wideness;  as, the width of cloth; the width of a


   Wid"u*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to a widow; vidual. [Obs.] Bale.


   Wid"we (?), n. A widow. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wield  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Wielded; p. pr. & vb. n. Wielding.]
   [OE.  welden  to govern, to have power over, to possess, AS. geweldan,
   gewyldan,  from wealdan; akin to OS. waldan, OFries. walda, G. walten,
   OHG.  waltan,  Icel.  valda,  Sw. v\'86lla to occasion, to cause, Dan.
   volde,  Goth.  waldan  to  govern,  rule,  L. valere to be strong. Cf.
   Herald, Valiant.]

   1.  To  govern; to rule; to keep, or have in charge; also, to possess.

     When  a  strong  armed  man  keepeth  his house, all things that he
     wieldeth ben in peace. Wyclif (Luke xi. 21).

     Wile  [ne  will]  ye  wield  gold  neither  silver ne money in your
     girdles. Wyclif (Matt. x. 9.)

   2.  To  direct  or  regulate  by influence or authority; to manage; to
   control; to sway.

     The famous orators . . . whose resistless eloquence Wielded at will
     that fierce democraty. Milton.

     Her  newborn  power  was wielded from the first by unprincipled and
     ambitions men. De Quincey.

   3. To use with full command or power, as a thing not too heavy for the
   holder;  to manage; to handle; hence, to use or employ; as, to wield a
   sword; to wield the scepter.

     Base Hungarian wight! wilt thou the spigot wield! Shak.

     Part wield their arms, part curb the foaming steed. Milton.

     Nothing  but  the  influence  of  a  civilized power could induce a
     savage to wield a spade. S. S. Smith.

   To wield the scepter, to govern with supreme command.


   Wield"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being wielded.


   Wield"ance  (?),  n.  The  act  or power of wielding. [Obs.] "Our weak
   wieldance." Bp. Hall.


   Wield"er (?), n. One who wields or employs; a manager; a controller.

     A wielder of the great arm of the war. Milton.


   Wield"ing, n. Power; authority; rule. [Obs.]

     To have them in your might and in your wielding. Chaucer.


   Wield"less,  a.  Not  to  be  wielded;  unmanageable;  unwieldy.  [R.]
   "Wieldless might." Spenser.


   Wield"some  (?),  a.  Admitting  of  being  easily wielded or managed.
   [Obs.] Golding.


   Wield"y  (?),  a.  Capable of being wielded; manageable; wieldable; --
   opposed to unwieldy. [R.] Johnson.


   Wier (?), n. Same as Weir.


   Wier`an"gle (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Wariangle. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   Wier"y (?), a. [Cf. Wearish.] Wet; moist; marshy. [Obs.]


   Wi"er*y  (?),  a.  [From  Wire; cf. Fiery.] Wiry. [Obs.] "Wiery gold."


   Wife  (?), n.; pl; Wives (#). [OE. wif, AS. wif; akin to OFries. & OS.
   wif,  D.  wijf,  G.  weib,  OHG.  w\'c6b,  Icel. v\'c6f, Dan. viv; and
   perhaps  to  Skr.  vip excited, agitated, inspired, vip to tremble, L.
   vibrare  to  vibrate, E. vibrate. Cf. Tacitus, [" Germania" 8]: Inesse
   quin  etiam sanctum aliquid et providum putant, nec aut consilia earum
   aspernantur aut responsa neglegunt. Cf. Hussy a jade, Woman.]

   1. A woman; an adult female; -- now used in literature only in certain
   compounds and phrases, as alewife, fishwife, goodwife, and the like. "
   Both men and wives." Piers Plowman.

     On the green he saw sitting a wife. Chaucer.

   2.  The  lawful  consort  of  a man; a woman who is united to a man in
   wedlock; a woman who has a husband; a married woman; -- correlative of
   husband. " The husband of one wife." 1 Tin. iii. 2.

     Let  every  one you . . . so love his wife even as himself, and the
     wife see that she reverence her husband. Eph. v. 33.

   To  give  to  wife,  To  take  to  wife,  to give or take (a woman) in
   marriage.  --  Wife's  equity (Law), the equitable right or claim of a
   married  woman  to  a  reasonable  and  adequate  provision, by way of
   settlement  or  otherwise,  out of her choses in action, or out of any
   property  of  hers  which  is  under  the jurisdiction of the Court of
   Chancery, for the support of herself and her children. Burrill.


   Wife"hood (?), n. [AS. wifh\'bed.]

   1. Womanhood. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. The state of being a wife; the character of a wife.


   Wife"less, a. Without a wife; unmarried. Chaucer.


   Wife"like`  (?),  a.  Of, pertaining to, or like, a wife or a woman. "
   Wifelike government." Shak.


   Wife"ly,  a.  [AS. w\'c6flic.] Becoming or life; of or pertaining to a
   wife. "Wifely patience." Chaucer.

     With all the tenderness of wifely love. Dryden.


   Wig (?), n. [Abbreviation from periwig.]

   1. A covering for the head, consisting of hair interwoven or united by
   a  kind  of  network, either in imitation of the natural growth, or in
   abundant  and  flowing  curls,  worn to supply a deficiency of natural
   hair, or for ornament, or according to traditional usage, as a part of
   an official or professional dress, the latter especially in England by
   judges and barristers.

   2. An old seal; -- so called by fishermen.
   Wig tree. (Bot.) See Smoke tree, under Smoke.


   Wig (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wigged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wigging (?).]
   To censure or rebuke; to hold up to reprobation; to scold. [Slang]


   Wig"an (?), n. A kind of canvaslike cotton fabric, used to stiffen and
   protect  the  lower  part  of  trousers  and  of the skirts of women's
   dresses,  etc.;  --  so  called  from  Wigan,  the  name  of a town in
   Lancashire, England.


   Wi"geon (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A widgeon. [R.]

                                   Wigg, Wig

   Wigg  (?),  Wig,  n.  [Cf. D. wegge a sort of bread, G. weck, orig., a
   wedge-shaped  loaf  or  cake.  See  Wedge.] A kind of raised seedcake.
   "Wiggs and ale." Pepys.


   Wigged (?), a. Having the head covered with a wig; wearing a wig.


   Wig"ger*y (?), n.

   1. A wig or wigs; false hair. [R.] A. Trollope.

   2. Any cover or screen, as red-tapism. [R.]

     Fire peels the wiggeries away from them [facts.] Carlyle.


   Wig"gle  (?),  v. t. & i. [Cf. Wag, v. t., Waggle.] To move to and fro
   with  a  quick,  jerking  motion;  to bend rapidly, or with a wavering
   motion,  from side to side; to wag; to squirm; to wriggle; as, the dog
   wiggles  his  tail;  the  tadpole  wiggles in the water. [Prov. Eng. &
   Colloq. U. S.]


   Wig"gle, n. Act of wiggling; a wriggle. [Colloq.]


   Wig"gler  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) The young, either larva or pupa, of the
   mosquito; -- called also wiggletail.


   Wig"her  (?),  v.  i. [Cf. G. wiehern, E. whine.] To neigh; to whinny.
   [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Wight (?), n. Weight. [Obs.]


   Wight,  n.  [OE.  wight,  wiht,  a  wight,  a  whit, AS. wiht, wuht, a
   creature,  a  thing;  skin  to  D.  wicht  a  child, OS. & OHG. wiht a
   creature, thing, G. wicht a creature, Icel. v\'91tt a wight, v\'91tt a
   whit,  Goth.  wa\'a1hts,  wa\'a1ht,  thing; cf. Russ. veshche a thing.

   1. A whit; a bit; a jot. [Obs.]

     She was fallen asleep a little wight. Chaucer.

   2. A supernatural being. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   3. A human being; a person, either male or female; -- now used chiefly
   in  irony  or  burlesque,  or  in  humorous  language.  "Worst  of all
   wightes." Chaucer.

     Every wight that hath discretion. Chaucer.

     Oh, say me true if thou wert mortal wight. Milton.


   Wight,  a.  [OE.  wight,  wiht,  probably  of Scand. origin; cf. Icel.
   v\'c6gr  in  fighting condition, neut. v\'c6gh war, akin to AS. w\'c6g
   See  Vanquish.]  Swift;  nimble;  agile;  strong  and active. [Obs. or

     'T is full wight, God wot, as is a roe. Chaucer.

     He was so wimble and so wight. Spenser.

     They  were  Night  and  Day, and Day and Night, Pilgrims wight with
     steps forthright. Emerson.


   Wight"ly, adv. Swiftly; nimbly; quickly. [Obs.]


   Wig"less (?), a. Having or wearing no wig.


   Wig"wag`  (?),  v. i. [See Wag, v. t.] (Naut.) To signal by means of a
   flag  waved  from  side  to  side  according to a code adopted for the
   purpose. [Colloq.]


   Wig"wam  (?),  n.  [From  the  Algonquin  or Massachusetts Indian word
   w&emac;k,  "his  house,"  or  "dwelling  place;"  with  possessive and
   locative  affixes,  w&emac;-kou-om-ut,  "in  his  (or  their)  house,"
   contracted  by the English to weekwam, and wigwam.] An Indian cabin or
   hut,  usually  of  a  conical  form,  and made of a framework of poles
   covered  with  hides,  bark, or mats; -- called also tepee. [Sometimes
   written also weekwam.]

     Very  spacious  was  the  wigwam,  Made  of  deerskin  dressed  and
     whitened,  With  the  gods of the Dacotahs Drawn and painted on its
     curtains. Longfellow.

     NOTE: &hand; "T he wi gwam, or  Indian house, of a circular or oval
     shape,  was  made of bark or mats laid over a framework of branches
     of trees stuck in the ground in such a manner as to converge at the
     top,  where was a central aperture for the escape of smoke from the
     fire  beneath.  The  better  sort  had  also  a lining of mats. For
     entrance  and egress, two low openings were left on opposite sides,
     one  or  the other of which was closed with bark or mats, according
     to the direction of the wind." Palfrey.


   Wike (?), n. A temporary mark or boundary, as a bough of a tree set up
   in  marking out or dividing anything, as tithes, swaths to be mowed in
   common ground, etc.; -- called also wicker. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wike,  n.  [AS. wic. See Wick a village.] A home; a dwelling. [Obs. or
   Prov. Eng.]


   Wik"ke (?), a. Wicked. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wild  (?),  a.  [Compar. Wilder (?); superl. Wildest.] [OE. wilde, AS.
   wilde;  akin to OFries. wilde, D. wild, OS. & OHG. wildi, G. wild, Sw.
   & Dan. vild, Icel. villr wild, bewildered, astray, Goth. wilpeis wild,
   and G. & OHG. wild game, deer; of uncertain origin.]

   1.  Living  in  a  state  of nature; inhabiting natural haunts, as the
   forest  or open field; not familiar with, or not easily approached by,
   man;  not  tamed  or  domesticated; as, a wild boar; a wild ox; a wild

     Winter's not gone yet, if the wild geese fly that way. Shak.

   2.  Growing  or  produced without culture; growing or prepared without
   the  aid  and  care  of  man; native; not cultivated; brought forth by
   unassisted  nature  or  by animals not domesticated; as, wild parsnip,
   wild camomile, wild strawberry, wild honey.

     The  woods  and  desert  caves,  With  wild  thyme and gadding vine
     o'ergrown. Milton.

   3.  Desert;  not inhabited or cultivated; as, wild land. "To trace the
   forests wild." Shak.

   4.  Savage;  uncivilized; not refined by culture; ferocious; rude; as,
   wild natives of Africa or America.

   5.  Not  submitted  to  restraint, training, or regulation; turbulent;
   tempestuous;  violent; ungoverned; licentious; inordinate; disorderly;
   irregular; fanciful; imaginary; visionary; crazy. "Valor grown wild by
   pride." Prior. "A wild, speculative project." Swift.

     What are these So withered and so wild in their attire ? Shak.

     With  mountains,  as  with weapons, armed; which makes Wild work in
     heaven. Milton.

     The wild winds howl. Addison.

     Search then the ruling passion, there, alone The wild are constant,
     and the cunning known. Pope.

   6. Exposed to the wind and sea; unsheltered; as, a wild roadstead.

   7. Indicating strong emotion, intense excitement, or as, a wild look.

   8. (Naut.) Hard to steer; -- said of a vessel.

     NOTE: &hand; Ma ny pl ants are named by prefixing wild to the names
     of  other  better known or cultivated plants to which they a bear a
     real or fancied resemblance; as, wild allspice, wild pink, etc. See
     the Phrases below.

   Page 1653

   To  run  wild,  to  go unrestrained or untamed; to live or untamed; to
   live  or  grow without culture or training. -- To sow one's wild oats.
   See  under Oat. Wild allspice. (Bot.), spicewood. -- Wild balsam apple
   (Bot.),   an  American  climbing  cucurbitaceous  plant  (Echinocystis
   lobata).  --  Wild  basil  (Bot.), a fragrant labiate herb (Calamintha
   Clinopodium) common in Europe and America. -- Wild bean (Bot.), a name
   of  several  leguminous plants, mostly species of Phaseolus and Apios.
   --  Wild bee (Zo\'94l.), any one of numerous species of undomesticated
   social  bees,  especially  the  domestic  bee when it has escaped from
   domestication  and  built its nest in a hollow tree or among rocks. --
   Wild bergamot. (Bot.) See under Bergamot. -- Wild boar (Zo\'94l.), the
   European  wild  hog  (Sus  scrofa), from which the common domesticated
   swine  is descended. -- Wild brier (Bot.), any uncultivated species of
   brier. See Brier. -- Wild bugloss (Bot.), an annual rough-leaved plant
   (Lycopsis  arvensis) with small blue flowers. -- Wild camomile (Bot.),
   one  or more plants of the composite genus Matricaria, much resembling
   camomile.  --  Wild  cat.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) A European carnivore (Felis
   catus)  somewhat resembling the domestic cat, but larger stronger, and
   having  a  short  tail.  It  is  destructive  to  the smaller domestic
   animals,  such  as  lambs, kids, poultry, and the like. (b) The common
   American  lynx, or bay lynx. (c) (Naut.) A wheel which can be adjusted
   so  as to revolve either with, or on, the shaft of a capstan. Luce. --
   Wild celery. (Bot.) See Tape grass, under Tape. -- Wild cherry. (Bot.)
   (a) Any uncultivated tree which bears cherries. The wild red cherry is
   Prunus  Pennsylvanica.  The wild black cherry is P. serotina, the wood
   of  which is much used for cabinetwork, being of a light red color and
   a compact texture. (b) The fruit of various species of Prunus. -- Wild
   cinnamon.  See  the  Note  under  Canella.  -- Wild comfrey (Bot.), an
   American  plant  (Cynoglossum Virginicum) of the Borage family. It has
   large  bristly leaves and small blue flowers. -- Wild cumin (Bot.), an
   annual  umbelliferous  plant  (Lag&oe;cia  cuminoides)  native  in the
   countries  about  the  Mediterranean.  --  Wild  drake  (Zo\'94l.) the
   mallard.  --  Wild elder (Bot.), an American plant (Aralia hispida) of
   the  Ginseng family. -- Wild fowl (Zo\'94l.) any wild bird, especially
   any  of  those considered as game birds. -- Wild goose (Zo\'94l.), any
   one  of several species of undomesticated geese, especially the Canada
   goose  (Branta  Canadensis), the European bean goose, and the graylag.
   See  Graylag,  and  Bean  goose,  under Bean. -- Wild goose chase, the
   pursuit  of  something unattainable, or of something as unlikely to be
   caught  as  the  wild  goose.  Shak. -- Wild honey, honey made by wild
   bees,  and  deposited  in  trees,  rocks,  the like. -- Wild hyacinth.
   (Bot.)  See  Hyacinth,  1  (b).  Wild  Irishman  (Bot.), a thorny bush
   (Discaria  Toumatou)  of  the  Buckthorn family, found in New Zealand,
   where  the natives use the spines in tattooing. -- Wild land. (a) Land
   not  cultivated,  or in a state that renders it unfit for cultivation.
   (b) Land which is not settled and cultivated. -- Wild licorice. (Bot.)
   See under Licorice. -- Wild mammee (Bot.), the oblong, yellowish, acid
   fruit  of a tropical American tree (Rheedia lateriflora); -- so called
   in the West Indies. -- Wild marjoram (Bot.), a labiate plant (Origanum
   vulgare) much like the sweet marjoram, but less aromatic. -- Wild oat.
   (Bot.)   (a)  A  tall,  oatlike  kind  of  soft  grass  (Arrhenatherum
   avenaceum).  (b)  See Wild oats, under Oat. -- Wild pieplant (Bot.), a
   species  of dock (Rumex hymenosepalus) found from Texas to California.
   Its acid, juicy stems are used as a substitute for the garden rhubarb.
   --  Wild  pigeon.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The  rock  dove. (b) The passenger
   pigeon.  -- Wild pink (Bot.), an American plant (Silene Pennsylvanica)
   with  pale,  pinkish  flowers;  a  kind  of catchfly. -- Wild plantain
   (Bot.),   an  arborescent  endogenous  herb  (Heliconia  Bihai),  much
   resembling  the  banana.  Its leaves and leaf sheaths are much used in
   the  West  Indies  as  coverings  for packages of merchandise. -- Wild
   plum. (Bot.) (a) Any kind of plum growing without cultivation. (b) The
   South  African prune. See under Prune. -- Wild rice. (Bot.) See Indian
   rice,  under  Rice.  --  Wild  rosemary  (Bot.),  the  evergreen shrub
   Andromeda polifolia. See Marsh rosemary, under Rosemary. -- Wild sage.
   (Bot.)  See  Sagebrush.  --  Wild  sarsaparilla  (Bot.),  a species of
   ginseng  (Aralia  nudicaulis)  bearing  a single long-stalked leaf. --
   Wild sensitive plant (Bot.), either one of two annual leguminous herbs
   (Cassia  Cham\'91crista,  and  C.  nictitans),  in  both  of which the
   leaflets   close   quickly  when  the  plant  is  disturbed.  --  Wild
   service.(Bot.)  See  Sorb. -- Wild Spaniard (Bot.), any one of several
   umbelliferous  plants  of the genus Aciphylla, natives of New Zealand.
   The  leaves  bear  numerous bayonetlike spines, and the plants form an
   impenetrable thicket. -- Wild turkey. (Zo\'94l.) See 2d Turkey.


   Wild (?), n. An uninhabited and uncultivated tract or region; a forest
   or  desert; a wilderness; a waste; as, the wilds of America; the wilds
   of Africa.

     then  Libya  first,  of  all  her moisture drained, Became a barren
     waste, a wild of sand. Addison.


   Wild, adv. Wildly; as, to talk wild. Shak.


   Wild"-cat` (?), a.

   1.  Unsound;  worthless;  irresponsible;  unsafe; -- said to have been
   originally  applied to the notes of an insolvent bank in Michigan upon
   which there was the figure of a panther.

   2.  (Railroad) Running without control; running along the line without
   a  train;  as,  a wild-cat locomotive. <-- Wildcat well. A well, as an
   oil or gas well, drilled in an area not proven to be productive; often
   drilled  by  a  small exploration company. -- Wildcat strike. A strike
   initiated by workers without authorization of a union, or in violation
   of the work contract currently in force. -->


   Wilde"beest`  (?),  n.  [D.  wild wild + beeste beast.] (Zo\'94l.) The


   Wild"ed (?), a. Become wild. [R.]

     An old garden plant escaped and wilded. J. Earle.


   Wil"der  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Wildered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Wildering.]  [Akin  to E. wild, Dan. forvilde to bewilder, Icel. villr
   bewildered, villa to bewilder; cf. AS. wildor a wild animal. See Wild,
   a., and cf. Wilderness.] To bewilder; to perplex.

     Long lost and wildered in the maze of fate. Pope.

     Again  the  wildered  fancy dreams Of spouting fountains, frozen as
     they rose. Bryant.


   Wild"er*ing  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  plant  growing in a state of nature;
   especially, one which has run wild, or escaped from cultivation.


   Wil"der*ment  (?),  n.  The  state  of  being  bewildered;  confusion;

     And  snatched  her breathless from beneath This wilderment of wreck
     and death. Moore.


   Wil"der*ness  (?),  n.  [OE.  wildernesse,  wilderne,probably from AS.
   wildor a wild beast; cf. D. wildernis wilderness. See Wilder, v. t.]

   1. A tract of land, or a region, uncultivated and uninhabited by human
   beings,  whether  a forest or a wide, barren plain; a wild; a waste; a
   desert; a pathless waste of any kind.

     The wat'ry wilderness yields no supply. Waller.

   2. A disorderly or neglected place. Cowper.

   3. Quality or state of being wild; wildness. [Obs.]

     These  paths  and  bowers  doubt not but our joint hands. Will keep
     from wilderness with ease. Milton.


   Wild"fire (?), n.

   1.  A  composition  of  inflammable materials, which, kindled, is very
   hard to quench; Greek fire.

     Brimstone,  pitch, wildfire . . . burn cruelly, and hard to quench.

   2.  (Med.)  (a)  An  old  name for erysipelas. (b) A disease of sheep,
   attended with inflammation of the skin.

   3. A sort of lightning unaccompanied by thunder. [R.]


   Wild"grave`  (?),  n.  [G. wildgraf or D. wildgraaf. See Wild, and cf.
   Margrave.] A waldgrave, or head forest keeper. See Waldgrave.

     The wildgrave winds his bugle horn. Sir W. Scott.


   Wild"ing,  n.  (Bot.) A wild or uncultivated plant; especially, a wild
   apple tree or crab apple; also, the fruit of such a plant. Spenser.

     Ten ruddy wildings in the wood I found. Dryden.

     The  fruit  of  the  tree  . . . is small, of little juice, and bad
     quality. I presume it to be a wilding. Landor.


   Wild"ing,  a.  Not  tame,  domesticated, or cultivated; wild. [Poetic]
   "Wilding flowers." Tennyson.

     The  ground  squirrel  gayly chirps by his den, And the wilding bee
     hums merrily by. Bryant.


   Wild"ish,   a.  Somewhat  wild;  rather  wild.  "A  wildish  destiny."


   Wild"ly,  adv.  In  a wild manner; without cultivation; with disorder;
   rudely; distractedly; extravagantly.


   Wild"ness,  n.  The quality or state of being wild; an uncultivated or
   untamed  state;  disposition  to  rove  or  go unrestrained; rudeness;
   savageness; irregularity; distraction.


   Wild"wood  (?), n. A wild or unfrequented wood. Also used adjectively;
   as, wildwood flowers; wildwood echoes. Burns.


   Wile (?), n. [OE. wile, AS. w\'c6l; cf. Icel. v, v\'91l. Cf. Guile.] A
   trick  or  stratagem  practiced  for  insnaring  or  deception; a sly,
   insidious; artifice; a beguilement; an allurement.

     Put on the whole armor of God, that ye may be able to stand against
     the wiles of the devil. Eph. vi. 11.

     Not  more  almighty to resist our might, Than wise to frustrate all
     our plots and wiles. Milton.


   Wile, v. t.

   1.  To practice artifice upon; to deceive; to beguile; to allure. [R.]

   2.  To  draw or turn away, as by diversion; to while or while away; to
   cause to pass pleasantly. Tennyson.


   Wile"ful (?), a. Full of wiles; trickish; deceitful.

                    Wilful, a., Wilfully, adv., Wilfulness

   Wil"ful  (?),  a.,  Wil"ful*ly,  adv.,  Wil"ful*ness,  n. See Willful,
   Willfully, and Willfulness.


   Wi"li*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  wily; craftiness;
   cunning; guile.


   Wilk (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Whelk. [Obs.]


   Will (?), n. [OE. wille, AS. willa; akin to OFries. willa, OS. willeo,
   willio,  D.  wil,  G.  wille, Icel. vili, Dan. villie, Sw. vilja, Goth
   wilja. See Will, v.]

   1.  The  power  of  choosing;  the faculty or endowment of the soul by
   which  it  is capable of choosing; the faculty or power of the mind by
   which we decide to do or not to do; the power or faculty of preferring
   or selecting one of two or more objects.

     It  is  necessary to form a distinct notion of what is meant by the
     word "volition" in order to understand the import of the word will,
     for  this last word expresses the power of mind of which "volition"
     is the act. Stewart.

     Will  is  an ambiguous word, being sometimes put for the faculty of
     willing;  sometimes  for  the act of that faculty, besides [having]
     other meanings. But "volition" always signifies the act of willing,
     and nothing else. Reid.

     Appetite  is  the  will's  solicitor,  and  the  will is appetite's
     controller;  what  we  covet  according to the one, by the other we
     often reject. Hooker.

     The  will  is  plainly  that by which the mind chooses anything. J.

   2.  The  choice  which  is  made;  a determination or preference which
   results from the act or exercise of the power of choice; a volition.

     The  word  "will,"  however,  is not always used in this its proper
     acceptation,  but is frequently substituted for "volition", as when
     I say that my hand mover in obedience to my will. Stewart.

   3.  The  choice or determination of one who has authority; a decree; a
   command; discretionary pleasure.

     Thy will be done. Matt. vi. 10.

     Our prayers should be according to the will of God. Law.

   4. Strong wish or inclination; desire; purpose.

     NOTE: &hand; "I nclination is  an other wo rd wi th wh ich wi ll is
     frequently confounded. Thus, when the apothecary says, in Romeo and
     Juliet, --

     My poverty, but not my will, consents; . . . Put this in any liquid
     thing you will, And drink it off. the word will is plainly used as,
     synonymous  with  inclination;  not in the strict logical sense, as
     the  immediate  antecedent  of action. It is with the same latitude
     that  the  word  is  used  in common conversation, when we speak of
     doing  a  thing  which  duty prescribes, against one's own will; or
     when we speak of doing a thing willingly or unwillingly." Stewart.

   5. That which is strongly wished or desired.

     What's your will, good friar? Shak.

     The mariner hath his will. Coleridge.

   6. Arbitrary disposal; power to control, dispose, or determine.

     Deliver me not over unto the will of mine enemies. Ps. xxvii. 12.


   7  (Law)  The legal declaration of a person's mind as to the manner in
   which  he  would  have  his  property  or estate disposed of after his
   death;  the written instrument, legally executed, by which a man makes
   disposition  of his estate, to take effect after his death; testament;
   devise. See the Note under Testament, 1.

     NOTE: &hand; Wi lls ar e written or nuncupative, that is, oral. See
     Nuncupative will, under Nuncupative.

   At  will (Law), at pleasure. To hold an estate at the will of another,
   is to enjoy the possession at his pleasure, and be liable to be ousted
   at  any  time by the lessor or proprietor. An estate at will is at the
   will  of  both  parties.  --  Good  will. See under Good. -- Ill will,
   enmity;  unfriendliness; malevolence. -- To have one's will, to obtain
   what  is  desired;  to  do  what one pleases. -- Will worship, worship
   according to the dictates of the will or fancy; formal worship. [Obs.]
   -- Will worshiper, one who offers will worship. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor. --
   With  a  will,  with  willingness  and  zeal;  with all one's heart or
   strength; earnestly; heartily.


   Will  (?),  v. t. & auxiliary. [imp. Would (?). Indic. present, I will
   (Obs.  I  wol),  thou wilt, he will (Obs. he wol); we, ye, they will.]
   [OE. willen, imp. wolde; akin to OS. willan, OFries. willa, D. willen,
   G.  wollen,  OHG. wollan, wellan, Icel. & Sw. vilja, Dan. ville, Goth.
   wiljan,  OSlav.  voliti,  L.  velle  to  wish,  volo  I wish; cf. Skr.
   v&rsdot; to choose, to prefer. Cf. Voluntary, Welcome, Well, adv.]

   1. To wish; to desire; to incline to have.

     A  wife  as of herself no thing ne sholde [should] Wille in effect,
     but as her husband wolde [would]. Chaucer.

     Caleb said unto her, What will thou ? Judg. i. 14.

     They would none of my counsel. Prov. i. 30.

   2.  As  an auxiliary, will is used to denote futurity dependent on the
   verb.  Thus,  in  first person, "I will" denotes willingness, consent,
   promise;  and  when  "will" is emphasized, it denotes determination or
   fixed purpose; as, I will go if you wish; I will go at all hazards. In
   the  second and third persons, the idea of distinct volition, wish, or
   purpose   is   evanescent,   and  simple  certainty  is  appropriately
   expressed;  as,  "You  will  go,"  or "He will go," describes a future
   event as a fact only. To emphasize will denotes (according to the tone
   or context) certain futurity or fixed determination.

     NOTE: &hand; Will, auxiliary, may be used elliptically for will go.
     "I'll to her lodgings." Marlowe.

     NOTE: &hand; As  in shall (which see), the second and third persons
     may  be  virtually  converted into the first, either by question or
     indirect  statement,  so as to receive the meaning which belongs to
     will  in  that  person;  thus, "Will you go?" (answer, "I will go")
     asks  assent,  requests,  etc.; while "Will he go?" simply inquires
     concerning  futurity;  thus,  also,"He  says or thinks he will go,"
     "You  say  or  think  you  will  go,"  both  signify willingness or

     NOTE: &hand; Would, as the preterit of will, is chiefly employed in
     conditional, subjunctive, or optative senses; as, he would go if he
     could;  he  could go if he would; he said that he would go; I would
     fain  go,  but  can not; I would that I were young again; and other
     like  phrases. In the last use, the first personal pronoun is often
     omitted;  as, would that he were here; would to Heaven that it were
     so;  and,  omitting  the to in such an adjuration. "Would God I had
     died  for thee." Would is used for both present and future time, in
     conditional  propositions,  and  would  have  for past time; as, he
     would  go now if he were ready; if it should rain, he would not go;
     he  would have gone, had he been able. Would not, as also will not,
     signifies  refusal.  "He  was angry, and would not go in." Luke xv.
     28. Would is never a past participle.

     NOTE: &hand; In   Ir  eland, Sc  otland, an d th e Un ited St ates,
     especially  in  the  southern  and  western  portions of the United
     States,  shall and will, should and would, are often misused, as in
     the following examples: --

     I am able to devote as much time and attention to other subjects as
     I  will  [shall]  be  under  the  necessity  of  doing next winter.

     A  countryman,  telling  us  what he had seen, remarked that if the
     conflagration  went on, as it was doing, we would [should] have, as
     our next season's employment, the Old Town of Edinburgh to rebuild.
     H. Miller.

     I  feel assured that I will [shall] not have the misfortune to find
     conflicting views held by one so enlightened as your excellency. J.
     Y. Mason.

   Page 1654


   Will  (?),  v.  i.  To  be  willing; to be inclined or disposed; to be
   pleased; to wish; to desire.

     And  behold,  there came a leper and worshiped him, saying, Lord if
     thou  wilt,  thou canst make me clean. And Jesus . . . touched him,
     saying, I will; be thou clean. Matt. viii. 2, 3.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd ha s be en co nfused wi th will, v. i., to
     choose, which, unlike this, is of the weak conjugation.

   Will  I,  nill I, OR Will ye, hill ye, OR Will he, nill he, whether I,
   you,  or  he  will  it or not; hence, without choice; compulsorily; --
   sometimes  corrupted  into  willy nilly. "If I must take service willy
   nilly." J. H. Newman. "Land for all who would till it, and reading and
   writing will ye, nill ye." Lowell.
   Will,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p Willed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Willing. Indic.
   present  I  will, thou willeth, he wills; we, ye, they will.] [Cf. AS.
   willian. See Will, n.]
   1.  To  form a distinct volition of; to determine by an act of choice;
   to ordain; to decree. "What she will to do or say." Milton.
     By  all  law  and reason, that which the Parliament will not, is no
     more established in this kingdom. Milton.
     Two  things  he  [God] willeth, that we should be good, and that we
     should be happy. Barrow.
   2.  To  enjoin  or  command,  as that which is determined by an act of
   volition; to direct; to order. [Obs. or R.]
     They willed me say so, madam. Shak.

     Send  for music, And will the cooks to use their best of cunning To
     please the palate. Beau. & Fl.

     As you go, will the lord mayor . . . To attend our further pleasure
     presently. J. Webster.

   3.  To  give  or  direct the disposal of by testament; to bequeath; to
   devise;  as, to will one's estate to a child; also, to order or direct
   by testament; as, he willed that his nephew should have his watch.


   Will,  v.  i. To exercise an act of volition; to choose; to decide; to
   determine; to decree.

     At Winchester he lies, so himself willed. Robert of Brunne.

     He  that shall turn his thoughts inward upon what passes in his own
     mind when he wills. Locke.

     I  contend  for  liberty as it signifies a power in man to do as he
     wills or pleases. Collins.


   Wil"lem*ite  (?), n. [From Willem I., king of the Netherlands.] (Min.)
   A silicate of zinc, usually occurring massive and of a greenish yellow
   color, also in reddish crystals (troostite) containing manganese.


   Will"er (?), n. One who wills.


   Wil"let  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A large North American snipe (Symphemia
   semipalmata);  --  called  also pill-willet, will-willet, semipalmated
   tattler,  or snipe, duck snipe, and stone curlew. Carolina willet, the
   Hudsonian godwit.


   Will"ful (?), a. [Will + full.] [Written also wilful.]

   1.  Of  set  purpose;  self-determined; voluntary; as, willful murder.

     In willful poverty chose to lead his life. Chaucer.

     Thou  to  me Art all things under heaven, all places thou, Who, for
     my willful crime, art banished hence. Milton.

   2.  Governed  by  the  will  without  yielding  to  reason; obstinate;
   perverse;  inflexible;  stubborn;  refractory;  as,  a  willful man or
   horse. -- Will"ful*ly, adv. -- Will"ful*ness, n.


   Wil"li*er (?), n. One who works at a willying machine.


   Will"ing (?), a. [From Will, v. t.]

   1.  Free  to  do or to grant; having the mind inclined; not opposed in
   mind;   not  choosing  to  refuse;  disposed;  not  averse;  desirous;
   consenting; complying; ready.

     Felix,  willing  to show the Jews a pleasure, left Paul bound. Acts
     xxiv. 27.

     With wearied wings and willing feet. Milton.

     [Fruit] shaken in August from the willing boughs. Bryant.

   2.   Received   of   choice,   or  without  reluctance;  submitted  to
   voluntarily; chosen; desired.

     [They]  are held, with his melodious harmony, In willing chains and
     sweet captivity. Milton.

   3. Spontaneous; self-moved. [R.]

     No spouts of blood run willing from a tree. Dryden.


   Will"ing*ly,  adv.  In  a  willing  manner;  with  free  will; without
   reluctance; cheerfully. Chaucer.

     The  condition  of  that people is not so much to be envied as some
     would willingly represent it. Addison.


   Will"ing*ness,  n.  The quality or state of being willing; free choice
   or consent of the will; freedom from reluctance; readiness of the mind
   to do or forbear.

     Sweet is the love which comes with willingness. Dryden.

                              Williwaw, Willywaw

   Wil"li*waw,  Wil"ly*waw  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  A  whirlwind, or whirlwind
   squall, encountered in the Straits of Magellan. W. C. Russell.


   Wil"lock  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The common guillemot. (b) The puffin.
   [Prov. Eng.]


   Will"-o'-the-wisp` (?), n. See Ignis fatuus.


   Wil"low  (?),  n.  [OE.  wilowe,  wilwe, AS. wilig, welig; akin to OD.
   wilge, D. wilg, LG. wilge. Cf. Willy.]

   1.  (Bot.)  Any  tree  or  shrub  of  the  genus Salix, including many
   species,  most  of  which are characterized often used as an emblem of
   sorrow,  desolation,  or  desertion.  "A  wreath  of willow to show my
   forsaken  plight." Sir W. Scott. Hence, a lover forsaken by, or having
   lost, the person beloved, is said to wear the willow.

     And  I must wear the willow garland For him that's dead or false to
     me. Campbell.

   2.  (Textile  Manuf.)  A machine in which cotton or wool is opened and
   cleansed  by  the  action  of long spikes projecting from a drum which
   revolves  within  a  box  studded  with similar spikes; -- probably so
   called  from  having been originally a cylindrical cage made of willow
   rods,  though  some  derive  the  term  from  winnow,  as denoting the
   winnowing,  or  cleansing,  action  of the machine. Called also willy,
   twilly, twilly devil, and devil.
   Almond  willow, Pussy willow, Weeping willow. (Bot.) See under Almond,
   Pussy,  and  Weeping.  -- Willow biter (Zo\'94l.) the blue tit. [Prov.
   Eng.]  --  Willow  fly  (Zo\'94l.),  a  greenish  European  stone  fly
   (Chloroperla  viridis);  --  called  also yellow Sally. -- Willow gall
   (Zo\'94l.),  a conical, scaly gall produced on willows by the larva of
   a  small  dipterous  fly  (Cecidomyia  strobiloides). -- Willow grouse
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  white  ptarmigan.  See  ptarmigan.  --  Willow  lark
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  sedge  warbler.  [Prov.  Eng.]  --  Willow ptarmigan
   (Zo\'94l.) (a) The European reed bunting, or black-headed bunting. See
   under Reed. (b) A sparrow (Passer salicicolus) native of Asia, Africa,
   and  Southern  Europe. -- Willow tea, the prepared leaves of a species
   of  willow  largely grown in the neighborhood of Shanghai, extensively
   used  by  the  poorer  classes  of  Chinese  as  a substitute for tea.
   McElrath.  --  Willow  thrush  (Zo\'94l.),  a variety of the veery, or
   Wilson's thrush. See Veery. -- Willow warbler (Zo\'94l.), a very small
   European  warbler  (Phylloscopus  trochilus); -- called also bee bird,
   haybird, golden wren, pettychaps, sweet William, Tom Thumb, and willow


   Wil"low  (?),  v. t. To open and cleanse, as cotton, flax, or wool, by
   means of a willow. See Willow, n., 2.


   Wil"lowed  (?), a. Abounding with willows; containing willows; covered
   or overgrown with willows. "Willowed meads." Collins.


   Wil"low*er (?), n. A willow. See Willow, n., 2.


   Wil"low-herb`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A perennial herb (Epilobium spicatum)
   with  narrow willowlike leaves and showy rose-purple flowers. The name
   is  sometimes  made to include other species of the same genus. Spiked
   willow-herb,  a perennial herb (Lythrum Salicaria) with willowy leaves
   and spiked purplish flowers.


   Wil"low*ish, a. Having the color of the willow; resembling the willow;
   willowy. Walton.


   Wil"low-thorn`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) A thorny European shrub (Hippopha\'89
   rhamnoides) resembling a willow.


   Wil"low-weed`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  (a) A European species of loosestrife
   (Lysimachia  vulgaris).  (b)  Any  kind  of  Polygonum with willowlike


   Wil"low-wort` (?), n. (Bot.) (a) Same as Willow-weed. (b) Any plant of
   the order Salicace\'91, or the Willow family.


   Wil"low*y (?), a.

   1. Abounding with willows.

     Where willowy Camus lingers with delight. Gray.

   2. Resembling a willow; pliant; flexible; pendent; drooping; graceful.


   Will"some (?), a. [Written also wilsome.]

   1. Willful; obstinate. [Obs.]

   2. Fat; indolent. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

   3.  Doubtful; uncertain. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. -- Will"some*ness, n.


   Wil"ly (?), n. [Cf. Willow.]

   1. A large wicker basket. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

   2. (Textile Manuf.) Same as 1st Willow, 2.


   Wil"ly*ing,  n.  The  process  of cleansing wool, cotton, or the like,
   with a willy, or willow. Willying machine. Same as 1st Willow, 2

                                  Willy nilly

   Wil"ly nil"ly (?). See Will I, nill I, etc., under 3d Will.


   Wil"ne  (?),  v.  t.  [AS.  wilnian.]  To  wish; to desire. [Obs.] "He
   willneth no destruction." Chaucer.


   Wilt (?), 2d pers. sing. of Will.


   Wilt, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Wilting.] [Written also welt, a modification
   of welk.] To begin to wither; to lose freshness and become flaccid, as
   a  plant  when  exposed when exposed to drought, or to great heat in a
   dry day, or when separated from its root; to droop;. to wither. [Prov.
   Eng. & U. S.]


   Wilt, v. t.

   1.  To  cause  to  begin to wither; to make flaccid, as a green plant.
   [Prov. Eng. U. S.]

   2.  Hence,  to  cause to languish; to depress or destroy the vigor and
   energy of. [Prov. Eng. & U. S.]

     Despots  have  wilted the human race into sloth and imbecility. Dr.
     T. Dwight.

                                 Wilton carpet

   Wil"ton  car`pet  (?).  A  kind  of  carpet  woven with loops like the
   Brussels,  but differing from it in having the loops cut so as to form
   an  elastic  velvet  pile;  --  so  called  because made originally at
   Wilton, England.


   Wil"we (?), n. Willow. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wil"y (?), a. [Compar. Wilier (?); superl. Wiliest.] [From Wile.] Full
   of   wiles,  tricks,  or  stratagems;  using  craft  or  stratagem  to
   accomplish  a  purpose; mischievously artful; subtle. "Wily and wise."
   Chaucer. "The wily snake." Milton.

     This false, wily, doubling disposition of mind. South.

   Syn. -- Cunning; artful; sly; crafty. See Cunning.


   Wim"ble (?), n. [OE. wimbil; akin to Dan. vimmel, OD. wemelen to bore.
   Cf.  Gimlet.]  An  instrument  for  boring  holes, turned by a handle.
   Specifically: (a) A gimlet. " It is but like the little wimble, to let
   in  the  greater  auger." Selden. (b) A stonecutter's brace for boring
   holes in stone. (c) An auger used for boring in earth.


   Wim"ble (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wimbled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wimbling
   (?).]  To  bore  or  pierce,  as  with a wimble. "A foot soldier . . .
   wimbled also a hole through said coffin." Wood.


   Wim"ble  (?),  a.  [Cf.  Sw.  vimmelkantig giddy, whimsical, dial. Sw.
   vimmla  to  be  giddy or skittish, and E. whim.] Active; nimble.[Obs.]


   Wim"brel (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The whimbrel.


   Wim"ple  (?),  n.  [OE.  wimpel,  AS. winpel; akin to D. & G. wimpel a
   pennant,  streamer,  OHG.  wimpal  a  veil,  Icel. vimpill, Dan. & Sw.
   vimpel a pennant, streamer; of uncertain origin. Cf. Gimp.]

   1.  A  covering  of  silk,  linen, or other material, for the neck and
   chin,  formerly  worn  by  women  as  an outdoor protection, and still
   retained in the dress of nuns.

     Full seemly her wympel ipinched is. Chaucer.

     For she had laid her mournful stole aside, And widowlike sad wimple
     thrown away. Spenser.

     Then Vivian rose, And from her brown-locked head the wimple throws.
     M. Arnold.

   2. A flag or streamer. Weale.


   Wim"ple,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Wimpled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wimpling

   1.  To  clothe  with  a  wimple;  to  cover, as with a veil; hence, to
   hoodwink. "She sat ywympled well." Chaucer.

     This wimpled, whining, purblind, wayward boy. Shak.

   2. To draw down, as a veil; to lay in folds or plaits, as a veil.

   3.  To  cause  to  appear  as  if laid in folds or plaits; to cause to
   ripple or undulate; as, the wind wimples the surface of water.


   Wim"ple, v. i. To lie in folds; also, to appear as if laid in folds or
   plaits; to ripple; to undulate. "Wimpling waves." Longfellow.

     For  with  a  veil,  that wimpled everywhere, Her head and face was
     hid. Spenser.

     With  me  through  .  . . meadows stray, Where wimpling waters make
     their way. Ramsay.


   Win  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Won (?), Obs. Wan (; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Winning.]  [OE.  winnen,  AS.  winnan to strive, labor, fight, endure;
   akin  to  OFries.  winna,  OS.  winnan,  D.  winnen  to  win, gain, G.
   gewinnen,  OHG.  winnan  to  strive,  struggle,  Icel. vinna to labor,
   suffer,  win,  Dan.  vinde  to win, Sw. vinna, Goth. winnan to suffer,
   Skr.van to wish, get, gain, conquer. &root;138. Cf. Venerate, Winsome,
   Wish, Wont, a.]

   1.  To  gain  by  superiority  in competition or contest; to obtain by
   victory over competitors or rivals; as, to win the prize in a gate; to
   win  money;  to  win  a battle, or to win a country. "This city for to
   win." Chaucer. "Who thus shall Canaan win." Milton.

     Thy well-breathed horse Impels the flying car, and wins the course.

   2.  To  allure to kindness; to bring to compliance; to gain or obtain,
   as by solicitation or courtship.

     Thy virtue wan me; with virtue preserve me. Sir P. Sidney.

     She is a woman; therefore to be won. Shak.

   3.  To  gain  over  to  one's  side  or  party;  to  obtain the favor,
   friendship, or support of; to render friendly or approving; as, to win
   an enemy; to win a jury.

   4. To come to by toil or effort; to reach; to overtake. [Archaic]

     Even in the porch he him did win. Spenser.

     And when the stony path began, By which the naked peak they wan, Up
     flew the snowy ptarmigan. Sir W. Scott.

   5. (Mining) To extract, as ore or coal. Raymond. Syn. -- To gain; get;
   procure; earn. See Gain.


   Win,  v.  i.  To  gain  the  victory; to be successful; to triumph; to

     Nor  is it aught but just That he, who in debate of truth hath won,
     should win in arms. Milton.

   To  win  of,  to be conqueror over. [Obs.] Shak. -- To win on OR upon.
   (a)  To  gain  favor  or  influence  with.  "You  have  a softness and
   beneficence  winning  on  the  hearts  of others." Dryden. (b) To gain
   ground on. "The rabble . . . will in time win upon power." Shak.
   Wince  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Winced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wincing
   (?).]   [OE.   wincen,  winchen,  OF.  quencir,  guenchir,  guenchier,
   giencier,  guinchier, and (assumed) winchier, winchir, to give way, to
   turn  aside,  fr.  OHG.  wankjan,  wenken,  to give way, to waver, fr.
   winchan to turn aside, to nod, akin to E. wink. See Wink.]
   1. To shrink, as from a blow, or from pain; to flinch; to start back.
     I will not stir, nor wince, nor speak a word. Shak.
   2.  To  kick  or flounce when unsteady, or impatient at a rider; as, a
   horse winces.


   Wince, n. The act of one who winces.


   Wince,  n.  [See  Winch.]  (Dyeing  &  Calico Printing) A reel used in
   dyeing,  steeping,  or  washing  cloth; a winch. It is placed over the
   division  wall  between  two  wince  pits  so as to allow the cloth to
   descend into either compartment. at will. Wince pit, Wince pot, a tank
   or  a  pit  where  cloth  in  the  process of dyeing or manufacture is
   washed, dipped in a mordant, or the like.


   Win"cer (?), n. One who, or that which, winces, shrinks, or kicks.


   Win"cey (?), n. Linsey-woolsey.


   Winch  (?),  v.  i.  [See  Wince.]  To  wince; to shrink; to kick with
   impatience or uneasiness.


   Winch,  n.  A  kick,  as  of  a  beast, from impatience or uneasiness.


   Winch,  n. [OE. winche, AS. wince a winch, a reel to wind thread upon.
   Cf. Wink.]

   1.  A  crank  with  a  handle,  for  giving  motion  to  a  machine, a
   grindstone, etc.

   2. An instrument with which to turn or strain something forcibly.

   3.  An  axle or drum turned by a crank with a handle, or by power, for
   raising  weights,  as  from  the  hold  of a ship, from mines, etc.; a

   4. A wince.

   Page 1655


   Win"cing  (?),  n.  The act of washing cloth, dipping it in dye, etc.,
   with  a  wince. Wincing machine. (a) A wince. Ure. (b) A succession of
   winces. See Wince. Knight.


   Win"co*pipe  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  little  red  flower,  no  doubt  the
   pimpernel,  which, when it opens in the morning, is supposed to bode a
   fair day. See Pimpernel.

     There  is  small  red  flower  in the stubble fields, which country
     people  call  the  wincopipe; which if it opens in the morning, you
     may be sure a fair day will follow. Bacon.


   Wind  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wound (wound) (rarely Winded); p. pr. &
   vb.  n. Winding.] [OE. winden, AS. windan; akin to OS. windan, D. & G.
   winden,  OHG.  wintan, Icel. & Sw. vinda, Dan. vinde, Goth. windan (in
   comp.). Cf. Wander, Wend.]

   1.  To  turn  completely,  or with repeated turns; especially, to turn
   about  something  fixed; to cause to form convolutions about anything;
   to coil; to twine; to twist; to wreathe; as, to wind thread on a spool
   or into a ball.

     Whether to wind The woodbine round this arbor. Milton.

   2. To entwist; to infold; to encircle.

     Sleep, and I will wind thee in arms. Shak.

   3.  To have complete control over; to turn and bend at one's pleasure;
   to  vary or alter or will; to regulate; to govern. "To turn and wind a
   fiery Pegasus." Shak.

     In his terms so he would him wind. Chaucer.

     Gifts  blind  the  wise,  and  bribes  do please And wind all other
     witnesses. Herrick.

     Were  our  legislature vested in the prince, he might wind and turn
     our constitution at his pleasure. Addison.

   4. To introduce by insinuation; to insinuate.

     You  have contrived . . . to wind Yourself into a power tyrannical.

     Little  arts  and dexterities they have to wind in such things into
     discourse. Gov. of Tongue.

   5.  To  cover  or  surround with something coiled about; as, to wind a
   rope with twine.
   To  wind  off,  to  unwind;  to  uncoil. -- To wind out, to extricate.
   [Obs.]  Clarendon.  --  To  wind  up. (a) To coil into a ball or small
   compass,  as  a skein of thread; to coil completely. (b) To bring to a
   conclusion  or settlement; as, to wind up one's affairs; to wind up an
   argument.  (c)  To put in a state of renewed or continued motion, as a
   clock, a watch, etc., by winding the spring, or that which carries the
   weight;  hence, to prepare for continued movement or action; to put in
   order  anew. "Fate seemed to wind him up for fourscore years." Dryden.
   "Thus  they wound up his temper to a pitch." Atterbury. (d) To tighten
   (the  strings) of a musical instrument, so as to tune it. "Wind up the
   slackened strings of thy lute." Waller.
   Wind (?), v. i.
   1.  To turn completely or repeatedly; to become coiled about anything;
   to assume a convolved or spiral form; as, vines wind round a pole.
     So swift your judgments turn and wind. Dryden.
   2.  To  have  a  circular  course  or direction; to crook; to bend; to
   meander; as, to wind in and out among trees.
     And  where  the  valley  winded  out  below, The murmuring main was
     heard, and scarcely heard, to flow. Thomson.
     He  therefore  turned  him  to the steep and rocky path which . . .
     winded  through the thickets of wild boxwood and other low aromatic
     shrubs. Sir W. Scott.
   3.  To  go to the one side or the other; to move this way and that; to
   double on one's course; as, a hare pursued turns and winds.
     The lowing herd wind Gray.

     To  wind  out,  to extricate one's self; to escape. Long struggling
     underneath are they could wind Out of such prison. Milton.


   Wind (?), n. The act of winding or turning; a turn; a bend; a twist; a


   Wind  (w&icr;nd,  in poetry and singing often w&imac;nd; 277), n. [AS.
   wind; akin to OS., OFries., D., & G. wind, OHG. wint, Dan. & Sw. vind,
   Icel.  vindr,  Goth  winds, W. gwynt, L. ventus, Skr. v\'beta (cf. Gr.
   'ah`ths a blast, gale, 'ah^nai to breathe hard, to blow, as the wind);
   originally  a p. pr. from the verb seen in Skr. v\'be to blow, akin to
   AS.  w\'bewan,  D.  waaijen,  G.  wehen, OHG. w\'been, w\'bejen, Goth.
   waian. &root;131. Cf. Air, Ventail, Ventilate, Window, Winnow.]

   1.  Air  naturally in motion with any degree of velocity; a current of

     Except  wind stands as never it stood, It is an ill wind that turns
     none to good. Tusser


     Winds were soft, and woods were green. Longfellow.

   2. Air artificially put in motion by any force or action; as, the wind
   of a cannon ball; the wind of a bellows.

   3.  Breath  modulated  by  the  respiratory and vocal organs, or by an

     Their instruments were various in their kind, Some for the bow, and
     some for breathing wind. Dryden.

   4. Power of respiration; breath.

     If  my wind were but long enough to say my prayers, I would repent.

   5.  Air  or gas generated in the stomach or bowels; flatulence; as, to
   be troubled with wind.

   6. Air impregnated with an odor or scent.

     A pack of dogfish had him in the wind. Swift.

   7.  A  direction from which the wind may blow; a point of the compass;
   especially,  one  of  the  cardinal points, which are often called the
   four winds.

     Come  from  the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain.
     Ezek. xxxvii. 9.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is se nse seems to have had its origin in the East.
     The  Hebrews  gave  to each of the four cardinal points the name of

   8.  (Far.)  A  disease of sheep, in which the intestines are distended
   with  air,  or  rather affected with a violent inflammation. It occurs
   immediately after shearing.

   9. Mere breath or talk; empty effort; idle words.

     Nor think thou with wind Of airy threats to awe. Milton.

   10. (Zo\'94l.) The dotterel. [Prov. Eng.]

     NOTE: &hand; Wi nd is  often used adjectively, or as the first part
     of compound words.

   All in the wind. (Naut.) See under All, n. -- Before the wind. (Naut.)
   See under Before. -- Between wind and water (Naut.), in that part of a
   ship's  side  or bottom which is frequently brought above water by the
   rolling  of  the  ship,  or fluctuation of the water's surface. Hence,
   colloquially,  (as  an  injury  to  that  part  of  a  vessel,  in  an
   engagement, is particularly dangerous) the vulnerable part or point of
   anything.  -- Cardinal winds. See under Cardinal, a. -- Down the wind.
   (a)  In  the  direction  of,  and moving with, the wind; as, birds fly
   swiftly  down  the wind. (b) Decaying; declining; in a state of decay.
   [Obs.] "He went down the wind still." L'Estrange. -- In the wind's eye
   (Naut.), directly toward the point from which the wind blows. -- Three
   sheets  in  the  wind,  unsteady  from drink. [Sailors' Slang]<-- usu.
   three sheets to the wind. --> -- To be in the wind, to be suggested or
   expected;  to  be  a  matter  of suspicion or surmise. [Colloq.] -- To
   carry  the  wind  (Man.),  to  toss the nose as high as the ears, as a
   horse.  --  To raise the wind, to procure money. [Colloq.] -- To take,
   OR  have,  the  wind, to gain or have the advantage. Bacon. -- To take
   the  wind  out  of  one's sails, to cause one to stop, or lose way, as
   when  a  vessel  intercepts  the wind of another. [Colloq.] -- To take
   wind,  OR To get wind, to be divulged; to become public; as, the story
   got  wind,  or  took  wind.  --  Wind  band  (Mus.),  a  band  of wind
   instruments; a military band; the wind instruments of an orchestra. --
   Wind  chest  (Mus.), a chest or reservoir of wind in an organ. -- Wind
   dropsy.  (Med.)  (a)  Tympanites.  (b)  Emphysema  of the subcutaneous
   areolar  tissue.  --  Wind egg, an imperfect, unimpregnated, or addled
   egg.  --  Wind furnace. See the Note under Furnace. -- Wind gauge. See
   under Gauge. -- Wind gun. Same as Air gun. -- Wind hatch (Mining), the
   opening  or  place  where  the  ore is taken out of the earth. -- Wind
   instrument  (Mus.),  an  instrument of music sounded by means of wind,
   especially  by  means  of  the breath, as a flute, a clarinet, etc. --
   Wind  pump,  a  pump moved by a windmill. -- Wind rose, a table of the
   points  of  the  compass,  giving  the  states of the barometer, etc.,
   connected  with winds from the different directions. -- Wind sail. (a)
   (Naut.)  A  wide  tube or funnel of canvas, used to convey a stream of
   air  for  ventilation into the lower compartments of a vessel. (b) The
   sail  or  vane of a windmill. -- Wind shake, a crack or incoherence in
   timber produced by violent winds while the timber was growing. -- Wind
   shock,  a  wind  shake.  --  Wind  side,  the  side next the wind; the
   windward  side.  [R.]  Mrs.  Browning.  --  Wind  rush (Zo\'94l.), the
   redwing.  [Prov.  Eng.]  --  Wind wheel, a motor consisting of a wheel
   moved by wind. -- Wood wind (Mus.), the flutes and reed instruments of
   an orchestra, collectively.


   Wind (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Winded; p. pr. & vb. n. Winding.]

   1. To expose to the wind; to winnow; to ventilate.

   2.  To  perceive  or  follow  by the scent; to scent; to nose; as, the
   hounds winded the game.

   3.  (a) To drive hard, or force to violent exertion, as a horse, so as
   to  render  scant  of  wind;  to  put out of breath. (b) To rest, as a
   horse, in order to allow the breath to be recovered; to breathe.
   To  wind  a  ship  (Naut.),  to  turn it end for end, so that the wind
   strikes it on the opposite side.


   Wind  (?),  v. t. [From Wind, moving air, but confused in sense and in
   conjugation  with  wind  to  turn.]  [imp.  &  p. p. Wound (wound), R.
   Winded;  p. pr. & vb. n. Winding.] To blow; to sound by blowing; esp.,
   to  sound  with  prolonged  and  mutually involved notes. "Hunters who
   wound their horns." Pennant.

     Ye vigorous swains, while youth ferments your blood, . . . Wind the
     shrill horn. Pope.

     That blast was winded by the king. Sir W. Scott.


   Wind"age (?), n. [From Wind air in motion.]

   1. (Gun.) The difference between the diameter of the bore of a gun and
   that of the shot fired from it.

   2. The sudden compression of the air caused by a projectile in passing
   close to another body.


   Wind"as (?), n. See 3d Windlass. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wind"bore`  (?), n. The lower, or bottom, pipe in a lift of pumps in a
   mine. Ansted.


   Wind"bound`  (?),  a.  (Naut.)  prevented  from sailing, by a contrary
   wind. See Weatherbound.


   Wind"-break` (?), v. t. To break the wind of; to cause to lose breath;
   to exhaust. [R.]

     'T would wind-break a mule to vie burdens with her. Ford.


   Wind"-break`, n. A clump of trees serving for a protection against the
   force of wind. [Local, U. S.]


   Wind"-bro`ken  (?),  a.  Having the power of breathing impaired by the
   rupture, dilatation, or running together of air cells of the lungs, so
   that while the inspiration is by one effort, the expiration is by two;
   affected  with pulmonary emphysema or with heaves; -- said of a horse.


   Wind"er (?), n. [From Wind to turn.]

   1. One who, or that which, winds; hence, a creeping or winding plant.

   2.  An  apparatus  used  for  winding  silk,  cotton, etc., on spools,
   bobbins, reels, or the like.

   3.  (Arch.) One in a flight of steps which are curved in plan, so that
   each  tread  is broader at one end than at the other; -- distinguished
   from flyer.


   Wind"er  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  [Prov.  E.  winder a fan, and to winnow.
   Winnow.] To fan; to clean grain with a fan. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wind"er, n. A blow taking away the breath. [Slang]


   Wind"er, v. i. To wither; to fail. [Obs.] Holland.


   Wind"fall` (?), n.

   1.  Anything  blown  down or off by the wind, as fruit from a tree, or
   the  tree  itself,  or  a  portion of a forest prostrated by a violent
   wind, etc. "They became a windfall upon the sudden." Bacon.

   2. An unexpected legacy, or other gain.

     He had a mighty windfall out of doubt. B. Jonson.

   <--   windfall   profits.   profits   obtained  due  to  a  chance  ot
   unanticipated  event  that causes an asset to increase unexpectedly in
   value.  In contrast to profits earned as the normal and expected yield
   of an enterprise. -->


   Wind"fall`en (?), a. Blown down by the wind.


   Wind"-fer`ti*lized  (?),  a. (Bot.) Anemophilous; fertilized by pollen
   borne by the wind.


   Wind"flow`er (?), n. (Bot.) The anemone; -- so called because formerly
   supposed to open only when the wind was blowing. See Anemone.


   Wind"gall`  (?),  n.  (Far.)  A soft tumor or synovial swelling on the
   fetlock  joint  of  a  horse;  --  so called from having formerly been
   supposed to contain air.


   Wind"hov`er  (?),  n.  [From  its  habit  of  hovering over one spot.]
   (Zo\'94l.)   The  kestrel;  --  called  also  windbibber,  windcuffer,
   windfanner. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wind"i*ness (?), n.

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  windy  or tempestuous; as, the
   windiness of the weather or the season.

   2. Fullness of wind; flatulence.

   3.  Tendency  to generate wind or gas; tendency to produce flatulence;
   as, the windiness of vegetables.

   4. Tumor; puffiness.

     The swelling windiness of much knowledge. Brerewood.


   Wind"ing  (?),  n.  [From  Wind  to  blow.]  (Naut.)  A  call  by  the
   boatswain's whistle.


   Wind"ing,  a.  [From Wind to twist.] Twisting from a direct line or an
   even surface; circuitous. Keble.


   Wind"ing, n. A turn or turning; a bend; a curve; flexure; meander; as,
   the windings of a road or stream.

     To  nurse  the  saplings  tall,  and  curl  the grove With ringlets
     quaint, and wanton windings wove. Milton.

   <--  2.  A  line-  or  ribbon-shaped  material  (as  wire,  string, or
   bandaging) wound around an object; as, the windings (conducting wires)
   wound  around  the  armature  of  an  electric motor or generator. -->
   Winding engine, an engine employed in mining to draw up buckets from a
   deep  pit;  a  hoisting  engine.  -- Winding sheet, a sheet in which a
   corpse  is  wound  or  wrapped.  --  Winding  tackle (Naut.), a tackle
   consisting  of  a  fixed  triple block, and a double or triple movable
   block, used for hoisting heavy articles in or out of a vessel. Totten.


   Wind"ing*ly, adv. In a winding manner.


   Wind"lace (?), n. & v. See Windlass. [Obs.]

     Two arblasts, . . . with windlaces and quarrels. Sir W. Scott.


   Wind"lass  (?),  n.[Perhaps  from  wind to turn + lace.] A winding and
   circuitous way; a roundabout course; a shift.


   Wind"lass,  v.  i.  To  take a roundabout course; to work warily or by
   indirect means. [Obs.] Hammond.


   Wind"lass,  n.  [OE.  windelas, windas, Icel. vindil\'bess, vind\'bes,
   fr.  vinda  to wind + \'bess a pole; cf. Goth. ans a beam. See Wind to

   1.  A machine for raising weights, consisting of a horizontal cylinder
   or roller moving on its axis, and turned by a crank, lever, or similar
   means,  so  as  to  wind up a rope or chain attached to the weight. In
   vessels  the windlass is often used instead of the capstan for raising
   the  anchor.  It  is usually set upon the forecastle, and is worked by
   hand or steam.

   2. An apparatus resembling a winch or windlass, for bending the bow of
   an arblast, or crossbow. [Obs.] Shak.
   Chinese windlass. See Differential windlass, under Differential.


   Wind"lass,  v. t. & i. To raise with, or as with, a windlass; to use a
   windlass. The Century.


   Win"dle (?), n. [From Wind to turn.]

   1. A spindle; a kind of reel; a winch.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The redwing. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wind"less (?), a.

   1. Having no wind; calm.

   2. Wanting wind; out of breath.

                           Windlestrae, Windlestraw

   Win"dle*strae`  (?),  Win"dle*straw`  (?),  n. (Bot.) A grass used for
   making  ropes or for plaiting, esp. Agrostis Spica-ventis. [Prov. Eng.
   & Scot.] Shelley.


   Wind"mill`  (?),  n. A mill operated by the power of the wind, usually
   by  the  action  of the wind upon oblique vanes or sails which radiate
   from a horizontal shaft. Chaucer.


   Win"dore  (?),  n. [A corrupt. of window; or perh. coined on the wrong
   assumption  that  window  is  from  wind  +  door.]  A  window. [Obs.]


   Win"dow   (?),  n.  [OE.  windowe,  windoge,  Icel.  vindauga  window,
   properly, wind eye; akin to Dan. vindue. Wind, n., and Eye.]

   1. An opening in the wall of a building for the admission of light and
   air, usually closed by casements or sashes containing some transparent
   material, as glass, and capable of being opened and shut at pleasure.

     I leaped from the window of the citadel. Shak.

     Then to come, in spite of sorrow, And at my window bid good morrow.

   2.  (Arch.)  The  shutter,  casement, sash with its fittings, or other
   framework, which closes a window opening.

   3. A figure formed of lines crossing each other. [R.]

     Till he has windows on his bread and butter. King.

   Page 1656

   French  window  (Arch.),  a  casement  window  in  two  folds, usually
   reaching  to the floor; -- called also French casement. -- Window back
   (Arch.),  the  inside face of the low, and usually thin, piece of wall
   between  the window sill and the floor below. -- Window blind, a blind
   or  shade  for  a window. -- Window bole, part of a window closed by a
   shutter which can be opened at will. [Scot.] -- Window box, one of the
   hollows  in  the  sides  of  a  window  frame  for  the  weights which
   counterbalance  a  lifting sash.<-- also called counterweight channel.
   (b) a box placed outside a window, on the windowsill, containing soil,
   in  which  flowers  are grown or displayed as decoration.--> -- Window
   frame,  the  frame  of a window which receives and holds the sashes or
   casement.  --  Window  glass,  panes of glass for windows; the kind of
   glass  used  in  windows.  --  Window  martin  (Zo\'94l.),  the common
   European  martin.  [Prov.  Eng.] -- Window oyster (Zo\'94l.), a marine
   bivalve  shell (Placuna placenta) native of the East Indies and China.
   Its valves are very broad, thin, and translucent, and are said to have
   been  used formerly in place of glass. -- Window pane. (a) (Arch.) See
   Pane,  n., 3 (b). (b) (Zo\'94l.) See Windowpane, in the Vocabulary. --
   Window sash, the sash, or light frame, in which panes of glass are set
   for  windows.  --  Window  seat,  a  seat  arranged in the recess of a
   window.  See  Window  stool,  under Stool. -- Window shade, a shade or
   blind  for  a window; usually, one that is hung on a roller. -- Window
   shell  (Zo\'94l.),  the window oyster. -- Window shutter, a shutter or
   blind  used  to  close  or darken windows. -- Window sill (Arch.), the
   flat  piece  of  wood,  stone,  or the like, at the bottom of a window
   frame.  --  Window  swallow  (Zo\'94l.),  the  common European martin.
   [Prov.  Eng.]  --  Window  tax,  a  tax or duty formerly levied on all
   windows,  or  openings  for light, above the number of eight in houses
   standing in cities or towns. [Eng.]


   Win"dow  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Windowed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To furnish with windows.

   2. To place at or in a window. [R.]

     Wouldst thou be windowed in great Rome and see Thy master thus with
     pleach'd arms, bending down His corrigible neck? Shak.


   Win"dowed  (?),  a.  Having  windows  or  openings.  [R.]  "Looped and
   windowed raggedness." Shak.


   Win"dow*less, a. Destitute of a window. Carlyle.


   Win"dow*pane` (?), n.

   1.  (Arch.)  See  Pane, n., (3) b. [In this sense, written also window

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A thin, spotted American turbot (Pleuronectes maculatus)
   remarkable  for  its  translucency.  It  is not valued as a food fish.
   Called also spotted turbot, daylight, spotted sand flounder, and water


   Win"dow*y  (?), a. Having little crossings or openings like the sashes
   of a window. [R.] Donne.


   Wind"pipe`  (?), n. (Anat.) The passage for the breath from the larynx
   to the lungs; the trachea; the weasand. See Illust. under Lung.


   Wind"-plant` (?), n. (Bot.) A windflower.


   Wind"-rode`  (?),  a.  (Naut.)  Caused to ride or drive by the wind in
   opposition  to  the  course  of the tide; -- said of a vessel lying at
   anchor, with wind and tide opposed to each other. Totten.


   Wind"row` (?), n. [Wind + row.]

   1. A row or line of hay raked together for the purpose of being rolled
   into cocks or heaps.

   2.  Sheaves  of  grain  set up in a row, one against another, that the
   wind may blow between them. [Eng.]

   3.  The green border of a field, dug up in order to carry the earth on
   other land to mend it. [Eng.]


   Wind"row,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Windrowed  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Windrowing.]  To arrange in lines or windrows, as hay when newly made.


   Wind"sor  (?),  n.  A town in Berkshire, England. Windsor bean. (Bot.)
   See  under  Bean. -- Windsor chair, a kind of strong, plain, polished,
   wooden chair. Simmonds. -- Windsor soap, a scented soap well known for
   its excellence.


   Wind"storm  (?),  n. A storm characterized by high wind with little or
   no rain.


   Wind"-suck`er (?), n.

   1. (Far.) A horse given to wind-sucking Law.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The kestrel. B. Jonson.


   Wind"-suck`ing,  n.  (Far.)  A vicious habit of a horse, consisting in
   the  swallowing  of  air;  --  usually associated with crib-biting, or
   cribbing. See Cribbing, 4.


   Wind"tight`  (?),  a.  So  tight  as to prevent the passing through of
   wind. Bp. Hall.


   Wind"ward  (?), n. The point or side from which the wind blows; as, to
   ply  to  the  windward; -- opposed to leeward. To lay an anchor to the
   windward,  a  figurative expression, signifying to adopt precautionary
   or anticipatory measures for success or security.


   Wind"ward, a. Situated toward the point from which the wind blows; as,
   the Windward Islands.


   Wind"ward,  adv. Toward the wind; in the direction from which the wind


   Wind"y (?), a. [Compar. Windier (?); superl. Windiest.] [AS. windig.]

   1.  Consisting  of wind; accompanied or characterized by wind; exposed
   to wind. "The windy hill." M. Arnold.

     Blown with the windy tempest of my heart. Shak.

   2. Next the wind; windward.

     It keeps on the windy side of care. Shak.

   3. Tempestuous; boisterous; as, windy weather.

   4.  Serving  to occasion wind or gas in the intestines; flatulent; as,
   windy food.

   5.  Attended  or  caused  by wind, or gas, in the intestines. "A windy
   colic." Arbuthnot.

   6. Fig.: Empty; airy. "Windy joy." Milton.

     Here's  that  windy  applause,  that poor, transitory pleasure, for
     which I was dishonored. South.


   Wine  (?),  n.  [OE. win, AS. win, fr. L. vinum (cf. Icel. v\'c6n; all
   from  the  Latin);  akin  to  Gr.  o'i^nos,  , and E. withy. Cf. Vine,
   Vineyard, Vinous, Withy.]

   1.  The  expressed juice of grapes, esp. when fermented; a beverage or
   liquor  prepared  from  grapes  by  squeezing  out  their  juice,  and
   (usually)  allowing  it  to  ferment.  "Red  wine of Gascoigne." Piers

     Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging, and whosoever is deceived
     thereby is not wise. Prov. xx. 1.

     Bacchus,  that  first  from  out the purple grape Crushed the sweet
     poison of misused wine. Milton.

     NOTE: &hand; Wi ne is  es sentially a  di lute so lution of  et hyl
     alcohol,  containing  also  certain  small quantities of ethers and
     ethereal salts which give character and bouquet. According to their
     color,   strength,  taste,  etc.,  wines  are  called  red,  white,
     spirituous, dry, light, still, etc.

   2.  A liquor or beverage prepared from the juice of any fruit or plant
   by  a  process  similar  to  that  for  grape  wine; as, currant wine;
   gooseberry wine; palm wine.

   3. The effect of drinking wine in excess; intoxication.

     Noah awoke from his wine. Gen. ix. 24.

   Birch  wine,  Cape wine, etc. See under Birch, Cape, etc. -- Spirit of
   wine.  See  under Spirit. -- To have drunk wine of ape OR wine ape, to
   be  so  drunk  as to be foolish. [Obs.] Chaucer. -- Wine acid. (Chem.)
   See  Tartaric  acid, under Tartaric. [Colloq.] -- Wine apple (Bot.), a
   large  red  apple,  with  firm  flesh  and  a  rich, vinous flavor.<--
   winesap?  -->  --  Wine  bag,  a wine skin. -- Wine biscuit, a kind of
   sweet biscuit served with wine. -- Wine cask, a cask for holding wine,
   or which holds, or has held, wine. -- Wine cellar, a cellar adapted or
   used  for storing wine. -- Wine cooler, a vessel of porous earthenware
   used  to cool wine by the evaporation of water; also, a stand for wine
   bottles, containing ice.<-- (1980's) a drink composed of approximately
   equal  parts  of wine and some carbonated beverage (soda). Also called
   California cooler. --> -- Wine fly (Zo\'94l.), small two-winged fly of
   the  genus  Piophila,  whose  larva  lives  in  wine, cider, and other
   fermented  liquors.  -- Wine grower, one who cultivates a vineyard and
   makes  wine.  --  Wine  measure,  the measure by which wines and other
   spirits  are  sold,  smaller  than  beer  measure. -- Wine merchant, a
   merchant  who deals in wines. -- Wine of opium (Pharm.), a solution of
   opium  in aromatized sherry wine, having the same strength as ordinary
   laudanum;  --  also  Sydenham's  laudanum. -- Wine press, a machine or
   apparatus  in which grapes are pressed to extract their juice. -- Wine
   skin,  a  bottle  or  bag  of  skin,  used,  in various countries, for
   carrying wine. -- Wine stone, a kind of crust deposited in wine casks.
   See  1st  Tartar,  1. -- Wine vault. (a) A vault where wine is stored.
   (b) A place where wine is served at the bar, or at tables; a dramshop.
   Dickens.  --  Wine vinegar, vinegar made from wine. -- Wine whey, whey
   made from milk coagulated by the use of wine.


   Wine"ber`ry  (?), n. (Bot.) (a) The red currant. (b) The bilberry. (c)
   A  peculiar  New  Zealand  shrub  (Coriaria  ruscifolia), in which the
   petals  ripen and afford an abundant purple juice from which a kind of
   wine is made. The plant also grows in Chili.


   Wine"bib`ber  (?),  n.  One  who drinks much wine. Prov. xxiii. 20. --
   Wine"bib`bing (#), n.


   Wine"glass` (?), n. A small glass from to drink wine.


   Wine"glass`ful  (?);,  n.  pl. Wineglassfuls (. As much as a wineglass
   will  hold;  enough to fill a wineglass. It is usually reckoned at two
   fluid ounces, or four tablespoonfuls.


   Wine"less, a. destitute of wine; as, wineless life.


   Win"er*y  (?), n. [Cf. F. vinerie.] A place where grapes are converted
   into wine.


   Wing  (?), n. [OE. winge, wenge; probably of Scand. origin; cf. Dan. &
   Sw. vinge, Icel. v\'91ngr.]

   1.  One of the two anterior limbs of a bird, pterodactyl, or bat. They
   correspond  to  the  arms of man, and are usually modified for flight,
   but  in the case of a few species of birds, as the ostrich, auk, etc.,
   the wings are used only as an assistance in running or swimming.

     As  an  eagle  stirreth  up  her  nest,  fluttereth over her young,
     spreadeth abroad her wings, taketh them, beareth them on her wings.
     Deut. xxxii. 11.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e wing of a bird the long quill feathers are in
     series.  The  primaries are those attached to the ulnar side of the
     hand;  the  secondaries, or wing coverts, those of the forearm: the
     scapulars,  those  that  lie  over  the  humerus;  and  the bastard
     feathers,  those of the short outer digit. See Illust. of Bird, and

   2.  Any  similar  member or instrument used for the purpose of flying.
   Specifically:  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  One of the two pairs of upper thoracic
   appendages  of  most  hexapod  insects. They are broad, fanlike organs
   formed  of  a  double  membrane and strengthened by chitinous veins or
   nervures. (b) One of the large pectoral fins of the flying fishes.

   3. Passage by flying; flight; as, to take wing.

     Light thickens; and the crow Makes wing to the rooky wood. Shak.

   4. Motive or instrument of flight; means of flight or of rapid motion.

     Fiery expedition be my wing. Shak.

   5.  Anything which agitates the air as a wing does, or which is put in
   winglike  motion  by  the  action  of  the  air,  as a fan or vane for
   winnowing grain, the vane or sail of a windmill, etc.

   6. An ornament worn on the shoulder; a small epaulet or shoulder knot.

   7.  Any  appendage resembling the wing of a bird or insect in shape or
   appearance.  Specifically:  (a)  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  the broad, thin,
   anterior  lobes  of  the  foot  of  a  pteropod,  used  as an organ in
   swimming.  (b)  (Bot.)  Any membranaceous expansion, as that along the
   sides  of  certain stems, or of a fruit of the kind called samara. (c)
   (Bot.) Either of the two side petals of a papilionaceous flower.

   8.  One  of two corresponding appendages attached; a sidepiece. Hence:
   (a)  (Arch.)  A  side building, less than the main edifice; as, one of
   the  wings  of  a  palace.  (b) (Fort.) The longer side of crownworks,
   etc.,  connecting them with the main work. (c) (Hort.) A side shoot of
   a  tree  or  plant; a branch growing up by the side of another. [Obs.]
   (d)  (Mil.)  The right or left division of an army, regiment, etc. (e)
   (Naut.)  That  part  of the hold or orlop of a vessel which is nearest
   the sides. In a fleet, one of the extremities when the ships are drawn
   up  in  line, or when forming the two sides of a triangle. Totten. (f)
   One  of  the  sides  of  the  stags  in  a theater. <-- 9. The flat or
   slightly  curved  part  of  a heavier-than-air aircraft which provides
   most  of  the  lift. In fixed-wing aircraft there are usually two main
   wings  fixed  on  opposite  sides  of  the fuselage. Smaller wings are
   typically  placed near the tail, but may be absent in certain kinds of
   aircraft.  Helicopters usually have no wings, the lift being suppplied
   by  the  rotating  blade.  -->  <--  10. One of two factions within an
   organization,  as  a political party, which are opposed to each other;
   as, right wing or left wing. 11. An administrative division of the air
   force  or  of  a  naval  air  group, consisting of a certain number of
   airplanes and the personnel associated with them. -->
   On  the  wing. (a) Supported by, or flying with, the wings another. --
   On the wings of the wind, with the utmost velocity. -- Under the wing,
   OR  wings,  of,  under  the  care  or  protection of. -- Wing and wing
   (Naut.),  with sails hauled out on either side; -- said of a schooner,
   or her sails, when going before the wind with the foresail on one side
   and  the  mainsail  on  the other; also said of a square-rigged vessel
   which  has  her  studding  sails  set.  Cf.  Goosewinged. -- Wing case
   (Zo\'94l.),  one  of  the anterior wings of beetles, and of some other
   insects,  when  thickened  and  used  to  protect  the  hind wings; an
   elytron;  -- called also wing cover. -- Wing covert (Zo\'94l.), one of
   the  small feathers covering the bases of the wing quills. See Covert,
   n.,  2.  --  Wing  gudgeon  (Mach.),  an iron gudgeon for the end of a
   wooden axle, having thin, broad projections to prevent it from turning
   in  the  wood.  See Illust. of Gudgeon. -- Wing shell (Zo\'94l.), wing
   case  of  an insect. -- Wing stroke, the stroke or sweep of a wing. --
   Wing  transom  (Naut.),  the uppermost transom of the stern; -- called
   also main transom. J. Knowles.


   Wing (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Winged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Winging.]

   1. To furnish with wings; to enable to fly, or to move with celerity.

     Who heaves old ocean, and whowings the storms. Pope.

     Living, to wing with mirth the weary hours. Longfellow.

   2. To supply with wings or sidepieces.

     The  main  battle,  whose  puissance  on  either side Shall be well
     winged with our chiefest horse. Shak.

   3. To transport by flight; to cause to fly.

     I, an old turtle, Will wing me to some withered bough. Shak.

   4. To move through in flight; to fly through.

     There's  not  an  arrow  wings the sky But fancy turns its point to
     him. Moore.

   5.  To  cut  off the wings of; to wound in the wing; to disable a wing
   of; as, to wing a bird. <-- Fig. To wound the arm of a person. -->
   To  wing  a flight, to exert the power of flying; to fly. <-- wing it.
   To perform an act, as to give a speech, without the usual preparation.
   To improvise or ad-lib. -->


   Winged (?), a.

   1.  Furnished  with  wings;  transported  by  flying;  having winglike

   2.  Soaring  with  wings, or as if with wings; hence, elevated; lofty;
   sublime. [R.]

     How  winged the sentiment that virtue is to be followed for its own
     sake. J. S. Harford.

   3. Swift; rapid. "Bear this sealed brief with winged haste to the lord
   marshal." Shak.

   4. Wounded or hurt in the wing.

   5. (Bot.) Furnished with a leaflike appendage, as the fruit of the elm
   and the ash, or the stem in certain plants; alate.

   6.  (Her.)  Represented  with  wings,  or having wings, of a different
   tincture from the body.

   7. Fanned with wings; swarming with birds. "The winged air darked with
   plumes." Milton.


   Wing"er  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  One  of the casks stowed in the wings of a
   vessel's  hold,  being smaller than such as are stowed more amidships.


   Wing"fish`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  sea  robin having large, winglike
   pectoral fins. See Sea robin, under Robin.


   Wing"-foot`ed (?), a.

   1.  Having wings attached to the feet; as, wing-footed Mercury; hence,
   swift; moving with rapidity; fleet. Drayton.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) Having part or all of the feet adapted for flying.
   (b)  Having  the  anterior  lobes of the foot so modified as to form a
   pair of winglike swimming organs; -- said of the pteropod mollusks.


   Wing"-hand`ed  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.) Having the anterior limbs or hands
   adapted for flight, as the bats and pterodactyls.


   Wing"-leaved`  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Having  pinnate  or pinnately divided


   Wing"less,  a.  Having  no  wings; not able to ascend or fly. Wingless
   bird (Zo\'94l.), the apteryx.


   Wing"let (?), n.

   1. A little wing; a very small wing.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A bastard wing, or alula.


   Wing"man*ship (?), n. [From Wing, in imitation of horsemanship.] Power
   or skill in flying. [R.] Duke of Argyll.


   Wing"-shell`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  Any one of various species of
   marine  bivalve  shells  belonging  to the genus Avicula, in which the
   hinge  border  projects like a wing. (b) Any marine gastropod shell of
   the genus Strombus. See Strombus. (c) Any pteropod shell.


   Wing"y, a.

   1. Having wings; rapid.

     With wingy speed outstrip the eastern wind. Addison.

   2.  Soaring  with  wings, or as if with wings; volatile airy. [Obs. or

     Those wingy mysteries in divinity. Sir T. Browne.

   Page 1657


   Wink  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Winked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Winking.]
   [OE.  winken,  AS. wincian; akin to D. wenken, G. winken to wink, nod,
   beckon, OHG. winchan, Sw. vinka, Dan. vinke, AS. wancol wavering, OHG.
   wanchal  wavering,  wanch to waver, G. wanken, and perhaps to E. weak;
   cf. AS. wincel a corner. Cf. Wench, Wince, v. i.]

   1.  To  nod;  to  sleep;  to  nap.  [Obs.]  "Although I wake or wink."

   2. To shut the eyes quickly; to close the eyelids with a quick motion.

     He must wink, so loud he would cry. Chaucer.

     And I will wink, so shall the day seem night. Shak.

     They are not blind, but they wink. Tillotson.

   3. To close and open the eyelids quickly; to nictitate; to blink.

     A  baby  of some three months old, who winked, and turned aside its
     little face from the too vivid light of day. Hawthorne.

   4.  To  give a hint by a motion of the eyelids, often those of one eye

     Wink at the footman to leave him without a plate. Swift.

   5.  To  avoid taking notice, as if by shutting the eyes; to connive at
   anything; to be tolerant; -- generally with at.

     The times of this ignorance God winked at. Acts xvii. 30.

     And  yet,  as  though he knew it not, His knowledge winks, and lets
     his humors reign. Herbert.

     Obstinacy can not be winked at, but must be subdued. Locke.

   6. To be dim and flicker; as, the light winks.
   Winking  monkey  (Zo\'94l.),  the  white-nosed  monkey  (Cersopithecus


   Wink, v. t. To cause (the eyes) to wink.[Colloq.]


   Wink, n.

   1.  The  act  of closing, or closing and opening, the eyelids quickly;
   hence, the time necessary for such an act; a moment.

     I have not slept one wink. Shak.

     I could eclipse and cloud them with a wink. Donne.

   2.  A  hint given by shutting the eye with a significant cast. Sir. P.

     The stockjobber thus from Change Alley goes down, And tips you, the
     freeman, a wink. Swift.


   Wink"er (?), n.

   1. One who winks. Pope.

   2. A horse's blinder; a blinker.


   Wink"ing*ly,  adv.  In  a  winking manner; with the eye almost closed.


   Win"kle  (?), n. [AS. wincle.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any periwinkle. Holland.
   (b)  Any  one of various marine spiral gastropods, esp., in the United
   States,  either  of  two  species  of  Fulgar (F. canaliculata, and F.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ese ar e la rge mo llusks which often destroy large
     numbers  of  oysters  by  drilling  their  shells and sucking their

   Sting  winkle,  a European spinose marine shell (Murex erinaceus). See
   Illust. of Murex.
   Win"kle-hawk`  (?),  n.  [D.  winkel-haak  a  carpenter's  square.]  A
   rectangular rent made in cloth; -- called also winkle-hole. [Local, U.
   S.] Bartlett. 

                                   Winnard 2

   Win"nard 2, n. The redwing. [Prov. Eng.]


   Win`ne*ba"goes  (?), n.; sing. Winnebago (. (Ethnol.) A tribe of North
   American  Indians  who originally occupied the region about Green Bay,
   Lake  Michigan,  but  were  driven  back  from  the  lake  and  nearly
   exterminated in 1640 by the IIlinnois.


   Win"ner  (?),  n.  One  who  wins, or gains by success in competition,
   contest, or gaming.


   Win"ning  (?),  a.  Attracting; adapted to gain favor; charming; as, a
   winning address. "Each mild and winning note." Keble.


   Win"ning, n.

   1. The act of obtaining something, as in a contest or by competition.

   2.  The money, etc., gained by success in competition or contest, esp,
   in gambling; -- usually in the plural.

     Ye seek land and sea for your winnings. Chaucer.

   3. (Mining) (a) A new opening. (b) The portion of a coal field out for
   Winning   headway   (Mining),   an   excavation  for  exploration,  in
   post-and-stall working. -- Winning post, the post, or goal, at the end
   of a race.


   Win"ning*ly, adv. In a winning manner.


   Win"ning*ness,  n. The quality or state of being winning. "Winningness
   in style." J. Morley.


   Win"nin*ish  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) The land-locked variety of the common
   salmon. [Canada]


   Win"new  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Winnowed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Winnowing.]  [OE.  windewen,  winewen,  AS.  windwian;  akin  to Goth.
   winpjan  (in  comp.),  winpi-skauro  a  fan,  L.  ventilare to fan, to
   winnow; cf. L. wannus a fan for winnowing, G. wanne, OHG. wanna. . See
   Wind moving air, and cf. Fan., n., Ventilate.]

   1.  To  separate,  and  drive off, the chaff from by means of wind; to
   fan; as, to winnow grain.

     Ho winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing floor. Ruth. iii. 2.

   2.  To sift, as for the purpose of separating falsehood from truth; to
   separate, as had from good.

     Winnow  well  this  thought, and you shall find This light as chaff
     that flies before the wind. Dryden.

   3. To beat with wings, or as with wings.[Poetic]

     Now  on the polar winds; then with quick fan Winnows the buxom air.


   Win"now (?), v. i. To separate chaff from grain.

     Winnow not with every wind. Ecclus. v. 9.


   Win"now*er  (?),  n.  One who, or that which, winnows; specifically, a
   winnowing machine.


   Win"now*ing, n. The act of one who, or that which, winnows.


   Win"row` (?), n. A windrow.


   Win"sing (?), a. Winsome. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Win"some  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Winsomer  (?);  superl. Winsomest.] [AS.
   wynsum, fr. wynn joy; akin to OS. wunnia, OHG. wunna, wunni, G. wonne,
   Goth.  wunan  to rejoice (in unwunands sad), AS. wunian to dwell. Win,
   v. t., Wont, a.]

   1. Cheerful; merry; gay; light-hearted.

     Misled by ill example, and a winsome nature. Jeffrey.

   2. Causing joy or pleasure; gladsome; pleasant.

     Still  plotting how their hungry ear That winsome voice again might
     hear. Emerson.


   Win"some*ness,  n. The characteristic of being winsome; attractiveness
   of manner. J. R. Green.


   Win"ter  (?),  n. [AS. winter; akin to OFries. & D. winter, OS. & OHG.
   wintar,  G.  winter,  D.  &  Sw. vinter, Icel. vetr, Goth. wintrus; of
   uncertain  origin;  cf.  Old Gallic vindo- white (in comp.), OIr. find

   1.  The season of the year in which the sun shines most obliquely upon
   any  region;  the coldest season of the year. "Of thirty winter he was
   old." Chaucer.

     And after summer evermore succeeds Barren winter, with his wrathful
     nipping cold. Shak.

     Winter lingering chills the lap of May. Goldsmith.

     NOTE: &hand; No rth of  th e eq uator, winter is popularly taken to
     include the months of December, January, and February (see Season).
     Astronomically,  it  may  be  considered  to  begin with the winter
     solstice,  about December 21st, and to end with the vernal equinox,
     about March 21st.

   2. The period of decay, old age, death, or the like.

     Life's autumn past, I stand on winter's verge. Wordsworth.

   Winter  apple,  an  apple  that keeps well in winter, or that does not
   ripen until winter. -- Winter barley, a kind of barley that is sown in
   autumn.  --  Winter  berry (Bot.), the name of several American shrubs
   (Ilex  verticillata, I. l\'91vigata, etc.) of the Holly family, having
   bright  red berries conspicuous in winter. -- Winter bloom. (Bot.) (a)
   A  plant  of  the genus Azalea. (b) A plant of the genus Hamamelis (H.
   Viginica);  witch-hazel;  -- so called from its flowers appearing late
   in  autumn,  while the leaves are falling. -- Winter bud (Zo\'94l.), a
   statoblast.  --  Winter cherry (Bot.), a plant (Physalis Alkekengi) of
   the Nightshade family, which has, a red berry inclosed in the inflated
   and persistent calyx. See Alkekengi. -- Winter cough (Med.), a form of
   chronic  bronchitis marked by a cough recurring each winter. -- Winter
   cress (Bot.), a yellow-flowered cruciferous plant (Barbarea vulgaris).
   --  Winter  crop,  a  crop which will bear the winter, or which may be
   converted  into  fodder  during the winter. -- Winter duck. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  pintail. (b) The old squaw. -- Winter egg (Zo\'94l.), an egg
   produced  in the autumn by many invertebrates, and destined to survive
   the  winter. Such eggs usually differ from the summer eggs in having a
   thicker shell, and often in being enveloped in a protective case. They
   sometimes  develop in a manner different from that of the summer eggs.
   --  Winter  fallow,  ground that is fallowed in winter. -- Winter fat.
   (Bot.)  Same  as  White  sage,  under  White.  -- Winter fever (Med.),
   pneumonia. [Colloq.] -- Winter flounder. (Zo\'94l.) See the Note under
   Flounder.  --  Winter  gull  (Zo\'94l.),  the common European gull; --
   called also winter mew. [Prov. Eng.] -- Winter itch. (Med.) See Prarie
   itch,  under Prairie. -- Winter lodge, OR Winter lodgment. (Bot.) Same
   as Hibernaculum. -- Winter mew. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Winter gull, above.
   [Prov.  Eng.] -- Winter moth (Zo\'94l.), any one of several species of
   geometrid  moths  which  come forth in winter, as the European species
   (Cheimatobia  brumata). These moths have rudimentary mouth organs, and
   eat  no  food in the imago state. The female of some of the species is
   wingless.  --  Winter  oil,  oil  prepared  so  as  not to solidify in
   moderately  cold  weather.  --  Winter pear, a kind of pear that keeps
   well  in  winter,  or  that  does  not  ripen  until winter. -- Winter
   quarters, the quarters of troops during the winter; a winter residence
   or  station.  --  Winter rye, a kind of rye that is sown in autumn. --
   Winter   shad  (Zo\'94l.),  the  gizzard  shad.  --  Winter  sheldrake
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  goosander. [Local, U.S.] -- Winter sleep (Zo\'94l.),
   hibernation.  --  Winter  snipe  (Zo\'94l.),  the  dunlin.  --  Winter
   solstice.  (Astron.)  See  Solstice, 2. -- Winter teal (Zo\'94l.), the
   green-winged  teal.  --  Winter  wagtail  (Zo\'94l.), the gray wagtail
   (Motacilla  melanope).  [Prov.  Eng.]  --  Winter wheat, wheat sown in
   autumn,  which  lives  during  the winter, and ripens in the following
   summer.  -- Winter wren (Zo\'94l.), a small American wren (Troglodytes
   hiemalis) closely resembling the common wren.


   Win"ter, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Wintered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wintering.]
   To pass the winter; to hibernate; as, to winter in Florida.

     Because  the  haven  was not commodious to winter in, the more part
     advised to depart thence. Acts xxvii. 12.


   Win"ter,  v.  i.  To  keep,  feed or manage, during the winter; as, to
   winter young cattle on straw.


   Win"ter-beat`en  (?),  a.  Beaten or harassed by the severe weather of
   winter. Spenser.


   Win"ter*green`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A plant which keeps its leaves green
   through the winter.

     NOTE: &hand; In  En gland, th e na me wintergreen is applied to the
     species  of Pyrola which in America are called English wintergreen,
     and  shin  leaf  (see  Shin leaf, under Shin.) In America, the name
     wintergreen  is  given  to  Gaultheria  procumbens, a low evergreen
     aromatic  plant  with  oval  leaves clustered at the top of a short
     stem,  and  bearing small white flowers followed by red berries; --
     called   also   checkerberry,  and  sometimes,  though  improperly,
     partridge berry.

   Chickweed  wintergreen,  a low perennial primulaceous herb (Trientalis
   Americana);  --  also  called star flower. -- Flowering wintergreen, a
   low plant (Polygala paucifolia) with leaves somewhat like those of the
   wintergreen   (Gaultheria),  and  bearing  a  few  showy,  rose-purple
   blossoms.  --  Spotted  wintergreen, a low evergreen plant (Chimaphila
   maculata) with ovate, white-spotted leaves.


   Win"ter-ground`  (?),  v. t. To coved over in the season of winter, as
   for protection or shelter; as, to winter-ground the roods of a plant.

     The  ruddock  would . . . bring thee all this, Yea, and furred moss
     besides, when flowers are none To winter-ground thy corse. Shak.


   Win"ter*kill`  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Winterkilled (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Winterkilling.] To kill by the cold, or exposure to the inclemency
   of winter; as, the wheat was winterkilled. [U. S.]


   Win"ter*ly,   a.  Like  winter;  wintry;  cold;  hence,  disagreeable,
   cheerless; as, winterly news. [R.] Shak.

     The sir growing more winterly in the month of April. Camden.


   Win"ter-proud` (?), a. Having too rank or forward a growth for winter.

     When either corn is winter-proud, or other plants put forth and bud
     too early. Holland.


   Win"ter-rig`  (?),  v. t. [See Winter and Ridge.] To fallow or till in
   winter. [Prov. Eng.]

                                 Winter's bark

   Win"ter's  bark`  (?).  (Bot.)  The  aromatic bark of tree (Drimys, OR
   Drymis,  Winteri)  of  the Magnolia family, which is found in Southern
   Chili.  It  was  first  used  as  a cure for scurvy by its discoverer,
   Captain John Winter, vice admiral to sir Francis Drake, in 1577.


   Win"ter*tide` (?), n. Winter time. Tennyson.


   Win"ter*weed`   (?),   n.   (Bot.)   A  kind  of  speedwell  (Veronica
   hederifolia) which spreads chiefly in winter. Dr. Prior.


   Win"ter*y (?), a. Wintry.


   Win"try  (?), a. [AS. wintrig.] Suitable to winter; resembling winter,
   or what belongs to winter; brumal; hyemal; cold; stormy; wintery.

     Touch  our  chilled  hearts with vernal smile, Our wintry course do
     thou beguile. Keble.


   Win"y  (?),  a.  Having  the  taste  or qualities of wine; vinous; as,
   grapes of a winy taste. Dampier.


   Winze  (?), n. (Mining.) A small shaft sunk from one level to another,
   as for the purpose of ventilation.


   Wipe  (?),  n.  [Cf. Sw. vipa, Dan. vibe, the lapwing.] (Zo\'94l.) The
   lapwing. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wipe,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Wiped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wiping.] [OE.
   vipen,  AS.  w\'c6pian; cf. LG. wiep a wisp of straw, Sw. vepa to wrap
   up, to cuddle one's self up, vepa a blanket; perhaps akin to E. whip.]

   1.  To  rub  with  something  soft  for  cleaning;  to clean or dry by
   rubbing; as, to wipe the hands or face with a towel.

     Let me wipe thy face. Shak.

     I  will  wipe  Jerusalem  as  a  man  wipeth a dish, wiping it, and
     turning it upside down. 2 Kings xxi. 13.

   2.  To  remove  by  rubbing;  to  rub  off;  to obliterate; -- usually
   followed by away, off or out. Also used figuratively. "To wipe out our
   ingratitude." Shak.

     Some natural tears they dropped, but wiped them soon. Milton.

   3.  To cheat; to defraud; to trick; -- usually followed by out. [Obs.]

     If  they  by  coveyne  [covin] or gile be wiped beside their goods.
     Robynson (More's Utopia)

   To wipe a joint (Plumbing), to make a joint, as between pieces of lead
   pipe,  by surrounding the junction with a mass of solder, applied in a
   plastic condition by means of a rag with which the solder is shaped by
   rubbing. -- To wipe the nose of, to cheat. [Old Slang]


   Wipe, n.

   1. Act of rubbing, esp. in order to clean.

   2. A blow; a stroke; a hit; a swipe. [Low]

   3. A gibe; a jeer; a severe sarcasm. Swift.

   4. A handkerchief. [Thieves' Cant or Slang]

   5. Stain; brand. [Obs.] "Slavish wipe." Shak.


   Wip"er (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, wipes.

   2. Something used for wiping, as a towel or rag.

   3.  (Mach.)  A  piece generally projecting from a rotating or swinging
   piece,  as an axle or rock shaft, for the purpose of raising stampers,
   lifting  rods,  or  the  like,  and  leaving them to fall by their own
   weight; a kind of cam.

   4.  (Firearms)  A  rod,  or an attachment for a rod, for holding a rag
   with which to wipe out the bore of the barrel.


   Wir"ble (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Wirbled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wirbling
   (?).] [Cf. Warble, Whirl.] To whirl; to eddy. [R.]

     The waters went wirbling above and around. Owen. Meredith.


   Wirche (?), v. i. & t. To work [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wire  (?), n. [OE. wir, AS. wir; akin to Icel. v\'c6rr, Dan. vire, LG.
   wir, wire; cf. OHG. wiara fine gold; perhaps akin to E. withy. .]

   1. A thread or slender rod of metal; a metallic substance formed to an
   even  thread by being passed between grooved rollers, or drawn through
   holes in a plate of steel.

     NOTE: &hand; Wi re is  ma de of any desired form, as round, square,
     triangular,  etc.,  by  giving  this  shape  to  the  hole  in  the
     drawplate, or between the rollers.

   2.  A  telegraph  wire  or cable; hence, an electric telegraph; as, to
   send a message by wire. [Colloq.]
   Wire  bed,  Wire  mattress,  an elastic bed bottom or mattress made of
   wires interwoven or looped together in various ways. -- Wire bridge, a
   bridge  suspended  from  wires,  or  cables  made  of  wire.  --  Wire
   cartridge,  a  shot cartridge having the shot inclosed in a wire cage.
   -- Wire cloth, a coarse cloth made of woven metallic wire, -- used for
   strainers,  and  for  various  other purposes. -- Wire edge, the thin,
   wirelike thread of metal sometimes formed on the edge of a tool by the
   stone  in  sharpening  it.  -- Wire fence, a fence consisting of posts
   with  strained  horizontal  wires,  wire  netting,  or other wirework,
   between. -- Wire gauge OR gage. (a) A gauge for measuring the diameter
   of  wire,  thickness of sheet metal, etc., often consisting of a metal
   plate  with  a  series of notches of various widths in its edge. (b) A
   standard  series  of  sizes  arbitrarily  indicated, as by numbers, to
   which  the diameter of wire or the thickness of sheet metal in usually
   made, and which is used in describing the size or thickness. There are
   many  different  standards for wire gauges, as in different countries,
   or  for  different  kinds of metal, the Birmingham wire gauges and the
   American   wire   gauge   being  often  used  and  designated  by  the
   abbreviations  B.  W.G.  and  A.  W.G.  respectively. -- Wire gauze, a
   texture  of  finely  interwoven  wire, resembling gauze. -- Wire grass
   (Bot.), either of the two common grasses Eleusine Indica, valuable for
   hay  and pasture, and Poa compressa, or blue grass. See Blue grass. --
   Wire  grub (Zo\'94l.), a wireworm. -- Wire iron, wire rods of iron. --
   Wire  lathing,  wire  cloth  or  wire  netting applied in the place of
   wooden lathing for holding plastering. -- Wire mattress. See Wire bed,
   above.  --  Wire micrometer, a micrometer having spider lines, or fine
   wires, across the field of the instrument. -- Wire nail, a nail formed
   of  a  piece  of  wire which is headed and pointed. -- Wire netting, a
   texture of woven wire coarser than ordinary wire gauze. -- Wire rod, a
   metal  rod  from which wire is formed by drawing. -- Wire rope, a rope
   formed wholly, or in great part, of wires.

   Page 1658


   Wire (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wired (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wiring.]

   1.  To  bind with wire; to attach with wires; to apply wire to; as, to
   wire corks in bottling liquors.

   2. To put upon a wire; as, to wire beads.

   3. To snare by means of a wire or wires.

   4. To send (a message) by telegraph. [Colloq.]


   Wire, v. i.

   1.  To  pass  like a wire; to flow in a wirelike form, or in a tenuous
   stream. [R.] P. Fletcher.

   2. To send a telegraphic message. [Colloq.]


   Wire"draw`  (?), v. t. [imp. Wiredrew (?); p. p. Wiredrawn (?); p. pr.
   & vb. n. Wiredrawing.]

   1.  To form (a piece of metal) into wire, by drawing it through a hole
   in a plate of steel.

   2. Hence, to draw by art or violence.

     My sense has been wiredrawn into blasphemy. Dryden.

   3.  Hence,  also, to draw or spin out to great length and tenuity; as,
   to wiredraw an argument.

     Such  twisting,  such  wiredrawing,  was  never  seen in a court of
     justice. Macaulay.

   4.  (Steam  Engine) To pass, or to draw off, (as steam) through narrow
   ports, or the like, thus reducing its pressure or force by friction.


   Wire"-draw`er (?), n. One who draws metal into wire.


   Wire"-heel`  (?),  n. (Far.) A disease in the feet of a horse or other


   Wire"-pull`er  (?), n. One who pulls the wires, as of a puppet; hence,
   one who operates by secret means; an intriguer.

     Political wire-pullers and convention packers. Lowell.


   Wire"-pull`ing,  n.  The  act  of  pulling  the wires, as of a puppet;
   hence,   secret  influence  or  management,  especially  in  politics;


   Wire"-tailed` (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Having some or all of the tail quills
   terminated  in  a  long,  slender,  pointed  shaft,  without  a web or


   Wire"work` (?), n. Work, especially openwork, formed of wires.


   Wire"-work`er (?), n. One who manufactures articles from wire.


   Wire"worm`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  One  of the larv\'91 of various
   species  of  snapping  beetles,  or  elaters;  -- so called from their
   slenderness and the uncommon hardness of the integument. Wireworms are
   sometimes  very  destructive  to the roots of plants. Called also wire
   grub. (b) A galleyworm.


   Wir"i*ness (?), n. The quality of being wiry.


   Wir"y (?), a. [Written also wiery.]

   1. Made of wire; like wire; drawn out like wire.

   2.   Capable  of  endurance;  tough;  sinewy;  as,  a  wiry  frame  or
   constitution.  "A  little  wiry  sergeant  of meek demeanor and strong
   sense." Dickens.

     He  bore  his  age  well,  and  seemed  to  retain a wiry vigor and
     alertness. Hawthorne.


   Wis  (?), adv. [Aphetic form of iwis, ywis; or fr. Icel. viss certain.
   See  Ywis.]  Certainly;  really; indeed. [Obs.] "As wis God helpe me."


   Wis,  v. t. [Due to mistaking OE. iwis certain, AS. gewiss, for I wis.
   See  Ywis.]  To  think; to suppose; to imagine; -- used chiefly in the
   first  person  sing.  present  tense,  I wis. See the Note under Ywis.
   [Obs. or Poetic] "Howe'er you wis." R. Browning.

     Nor  do  I  know how long it is (For I have lain entranced, I wis).


   Wis"ard (?), n. See Wizard.


   Wis"dom (-d&ucr;m), n. [AS. w&imac;sd&omac;m. See Wise, a., and -dom.]

   1.  The quality of being wise; knowledge, and the capacity to make due
   use  of it; knowledge of the best ends and the best means; discernment
   and judgment; discretion; sagacity; skill; dexterity.

     We  speak  also  not  in  wise  words  of  man's wisdom, but in the
     doctrine of the spirit. Wyclif (1 Cor. ii. 13).

     Behold,  the  fear  of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to depart from
     evil is understanding. Job xxviii. 28.

     It  is  hoped that our rulers will act with dignity and wisdom that
     they  will  yield  everything  to  reason, and refuse everything to
     force. Ames.

     Common  sense in an uncommon degree is what the world calls wisdom.

   2.  The  results  of  wise  judgments;  scientific or practical truth;
   acquired knowledge; erudition.

     Moses  was  learned  in  all  the  wisdom of the Egyptians, and was
     mighty in words and in deeds. Acts vii. 22.

   Syn.  --  Prudence; knowledge. Wisdom, Prudence, Knowledge. Wisdom has
   been  defined  to be "the use of the best means for attaining the best
   ends."  "We conceive," says Whewell, " prudence as the virtue by which
   we  select  right  means  for  given  ends,  while  wisdom implies the
   selection  of  right  ends  as  well as of right means." Hence, wisdom
   implies  the union of high mental and moral excellence. Prudence (that
   is,  providence,  or  forecast)  is  of  a more negative character; it
   rather  consists  in  avoiding danger than in taking decisive measures
   for  the  accomplishment  of an object. Sir Robert Walpole was in many
   respects  a  prudent  statesman, but he was far from being a wise one.
   Burke has said that prudence, when carried too far, degenerates into a
   "reptile  virtue,"  which  is  the  more  dangerous  for its plausible
   appearance. Knowledge, a more comprehensive term, signifies the simple
   apprehension  of facts or relations. "In strictness of language," says
   Paley,  "  there  is a difference between knowledge and wisdom; wisdom
   always supposing action, and action directed by it."

     Knowledge  and  wisdom,  far  from  being  one,  Have  ofttimes  no
     connection.  Knowledge  dwells  In  heads  replete with thoughts of
     other  men;  Wisdom,  in minds attentive to their own. Knowledge, a
     rude,  unprofitable  mass,  The  mere  materials  with which wisdom
     builds,  Till  smoothed, and squared, and fitted to its place, Does
     but  encumber  whom  it seems to enrich. Knowledge is proud that he
     has  learned  so  much;  Wisdom  is  humble  that he knows no more.

   Wisdom tooth, the last, or back, tooth of the full set on each half of
   each   jaw   in  man;  --  familiarly  so  called,  because  appearing
   comparatively  late,  after the person may be supposed to have arrived
   at the age of wisdom. See the Note under Tooth, 1.


   Wise  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Wiser  (?);  superl.  Wisest.] [OE. wis, AS.
   w\'c6s;  akin to OS. & OFries. w\'c6s, D. wijs, G. weise, OHG. w\'c6s,
   w\'c6si,  Icel.  v\'c6ss, Sw. vis, Dan. viis, Goth. weis; akin to wit,
   v. i. See Wit, v., and cf. Righteous, Wisdom.]

   1.  Having  knowledge; knowing; enlightened; of extensive information;
   erudite; learned.

     They  are  wise  to do evil, but to do good they have no knowledge.
     Jer. iv. 22.

   2.  Hence,  especially,  making  due  use of knowledge; discerning and
   judging  soundly concerning what is true or false, proper or improper;
   choosing  the  best  ends  and  the best means for accomplishing them;

     When clouds appear, wise men put their cloaks. Shak.

     From a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to
     make thee wise unto salvation. 2 Tim. iii. 15.

   3.  Versed  in  art  or  science;  skillful;  dexterous; specifically,
   skilled in divination.

     Fal.  There  was, mine host, an old fat woman even now with me; but
     she's  gone.  Sim.  Pray  you,  sir,  was't  not  the wise woman of
     Brentford? Shak.

   4.  Hence,  prudent;  calculating;  shrewd; wary; subtle; crafty. [R.]
   "Thou art . . . no novice, but a governor wily and wise." Chaucer.

     Nor,  on  the  other  side,  Will  I be penuriously wise As to make
     money, that's my slave, my idol. Beau. & Fl.

     Lords do not care for me: I am too wise to die yet. Ford.

   5. Dictated or guided by wisdom; containing or exhibiting wisdom; well
   adapted  to  produce  good  effects;  judicious;  discreet; as, a wise
   saying;  a  wise  scheme  or  plan; wise conduct or management; a wise
   determination. "Eminent in wise deport." Milton.
   To  make  it  wise,  to  make it a matter of deliberation. [Obs.] " We
   thought  it was not worth to make it wise." Chaucer. -- Wise in years,
   old enough to be wise; wise from age and experience; hence, aged; old.

     A  very  grave,  state bachelor, my dainty one; He's wise in years,
     and of a temperate warmth. Ford.

     You  are  too  wise  in  years,  too  full of counsel, For my green
     experience. Ford.


   Wise,  a. [OE. wise, AS. w\'c6se; akin to OS. w\'c6sa, OFries. w\'c6s,
   D.  wijs,  wijze,  OHG.  w\'c6sa,  G. weise, Sw. vis, Dan. viis, Icel.
   \'94v\'c6s  otherwise;  from  the  root  of E. wit; hence, originally,
   knowledge, skill. See Wit, v., and cf. Guise.] Way of being or acting;
   manner; mode; fashion. "All armed in complete wise." Spenser.

     To love her in my beste wyse. Chaucer.

     This song she sings in most commanding wise. Sir P. Sidney.

     Let  not these blessings then, sent from above, Abused be, or spilt
     in profane wise. Fairfax.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd is nearly obsolete, except in such phrases
     as  in  any wise, in no wise, on this wise, etc. " Fret not thyself
     in  any  wise to do evil." Ps. xxxvii. 8. "He shall in no wise lose
     his  reward."  Matt.  x.  42.  "  On  this  wise ye shall bless the
     children of Israel." Num. vi. 23.

     NOTE: &hand; Wi se is  often used as a suffix in composition, as in
     likewise,  nowise,  lengthwise, etc., in which words -ways is often
     substituted with the same sense; as, noways, lengthways, etc.


   Wise"a*cre  (?),  n.  [OD.  wijssegger  or  G. weissager a foreteller,
   prophet,  from  weissagen  to  foretell,  to prophesy, OHG. w\'c6ssag,
   corrupted  (as  if  compounded  of  the  words  for  wise and say) fr.
   w\'c6zzag,  fr.  w\'c6zzag a prophet, akin to AS. w\'c6tiga, w\'c6tga,
   from the root of E. wit. See Wit, v.]

   1. A learned or wise man. [Obs.]

     Pythagoras learned much . . . becoming a mighty wiseacre. Leland.

   2.  One who makes undue pretensions to wisdom; a would-be-wise person;
   hence, in contempt, a simpleton; a dunce.


   Wise"-heart`ed  (?),  a.  Wise;  knowing;  skillful; sapient; erudite;
   prudent. Ex. xxviii. 3.


   Wise"-like`  (?),  a.  Resembling  that  which  is  wise  or sensible;

     The only wise-like thing I heard anybody say. Sir W. Scott.


   Wise"ling  (?), n. One who pretends to be wise; a wiseacre; a witling.


   Wise"ly,  adv.  In  a wise manner; prudently; judiciously; discreetly;
   with wisdom.

     And wisely learn to curb thy sorrows wild. Milton.


   Wise"ness, n. Wisdom. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Wish  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Wished (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wishing.]
   [OE.  wischen,  weschen,  wuschen,  AS.  w;  akin  to  D. wenschen, G.
   w\'81nschen,  Icel. \'91eskja, Dan. \'94nske, Sw. \'94nska; from AS. w
   a  wish;  akin  to  OD.  & G. wunsch, OHG. wunsc, Icel. , Skr. v\'be a
   wish,  v\'be to wish; also to Skr. van to like, to wish. Winsome, Win,
   v. t., and cf. Wistful.]

   1. To have a desire or yearning; to long; to hanker.

     They  cast  four  anchors out of the stern, and wished for the day.
     Acts xxvii. 29.

     This  is  as  good  an  argument  as  an  antiquary could wish for.


   Wish (?), v. t.

   1.  To  desire;  to  long  for;  to  hanker  after;  to have a mind or
   disposition toward.

     I would not wish Any companion in the world but you. Shak.

     I wish above all things that thou mayest prosper. 3. John 2.

   2.  To  frame or express desires concerning; to invoke in favor of, or
   against,  any one; to attribute, or cal down, in desire; to invoke; to

     I would not wish them to a fairer death. Shak.

     I  wish  it  may  not prove some ominous foretoken of misfortune to
     have met with such a miser as I am. Sir P. Sidney.

     Let  them  be driven backward, and put to shame, that wish me evil.
     Ps. xl. 14.

   3.  To  recommend;  to  seek  confidence or favor in behalf of. [Obs.]

     I would be glad to thrive, sir, And I was wished to your worship by
     a gentleman. B. Jonson.

   Syn. -- See Desire.


   Wish, n.

   1. Desire; eager desire; longing.

     Behold, I am according to thy wish in God a stead. Job xxxiii. 6.

   2.  Expression  of  desire;  request;  petition;  hence, invocation or

     Blistered be thy tongue for such a wish. Shak.

   3. A thing desired; an object of desire.

     Will  he, wise, let loose at once his ire . . . To give his enemies
     their wish! Milton.


   Wish"a*ble  (?),  a. Capable or worthy of being wished for; desirable.


   Wish"bone`  (?),  n.  The  forked  bone  in front of the breastbone in
   birds;   --   called   also   merrythought,   and  wishing  bone.  See
   Merrythought, and Furculum.


   Wish"ed*ly,  adv.  According  to  wish;  conformably to desire. [Obs.]


   Wish"er  (?),  n. One who wishes or desires; one who expresses a wish.


   Wish"ful (?), a. [Cf. Wistful.]

   1. Having desire, or ardent desire; longing.

   2. Showing desire; as, wishful eyes.

     From Scotland am I stolen, even of pure love To greet mine own land
     with my wishful sight. Shak.

   3.  Desirable;  exciting wishes. [R.] Chapman. -- Wish"ful*ly, adv. --
   Wish"ful*ness, n.


   Wish"ing,  a.  &  n.  from  Wish, v. t. Wishing bone. See Wishbone. --
   Wishing  cap,  a  cap  fabled  to give one whatever he wishes for when
   wearing it.


   Wish"ly,  adv.  According  to desire; longingly; with wishes. [Obs. or
   Prov. Eng.] Chapman.


   Wish"ton*wish (?), n. [Probably of American Indian origin.] (Zo\'94l.)
   The prairie dog.


   Wish"-wash` (?), n. Any weak, thin drink.


   Wish"y-wash`y  (?),  a.  [See  Wash.]  Thin  and  pale;  weak; without
   strength   or   substance;   --  originally  said  of  liquids.  Fig.,
   weak-minded; spiritless.

     A  weak  wishy-washy  man  who  had  hardly any mind of his own. A.


   Wish"y-wash`y, n. A weak or thin drink or liquor; wish-wash.


   Wis"ket (?), n. A whisket, or basket. [Prov. Eng.] Ainsworth.


   Wis"ly  (?), adv. [See Wis, adv.] Certainly. [Obs.] "God so wisly have
   mercy on me." Chaucer.


   Wisp  (?),  n.  [OE. wisp, wips; probably akin to D. & G. wisch, Icel.
   visk, and perhaps to L. virga a twig, rod. Cf. Verge a rod, Whisk, n.]

   1. A small bundle, as of straw or other like substance.

     In a small basket, on a wisp of hay. Dryden.

   2. A whisk, or small broom.

   3. A Will-o'-the-wisp; an ignis fatuus.

     The wisp that flickers where no foot can tread. Tennyson.


   Wisp, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wisped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wisping.]

   1. To brush or dress, an with a wisp.

   2. To rumple. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Wisp"en  (?),  a.  Formed  of  a wisp, or of wisp; as, a wispen broom.


   Wis"se  (?), v. t. [AS. w\'c6sian. See Wise, a.] To show; to teach; to
   inform; to guide; to direct. [Obs.]

     Ere  we  depart  I  shall  thee so well wisse That of mine house ne
     shalt thou never misse. Chaucer.


   Wist (?), archaic imp. & p. p. of Wit, v. Knew.


   Wis*ta"ri*a  (?),  n. [NL.] [So named after Caspar Wistar, an American
   anatomist.] (Bot.) A genus of climbing leguminous plants bearing long,
   pendulous clusters of pale bluish flowers.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e sp ecies commonest in cultivation is the Wistaria
     Sinensis from Eastern Asia. W. fruticosa grows wild in the southern
     parts of the United States.


   Wist"ful  (?), a. [For wishful; perhaps influenced by wistly, which is
   probably  corrupted from OE. wisly certainly (from Icel. viss certain,
   akin to E. wit). See Wish.]

   1. Longing; wishful; desirous.

     Lifting up one of my sashes, I cast many a wistful, melancholy look
     towards the sea. Swift.

   2.  Full  of  thought; eagerly attentive; meditative; musing; pensive;

     That he who there at such an hour hath been, Will wistful linger on
     that hallowed spot. Byron.

   -- Wist"ful*ly, adv. -- Wist"ful*ness, n.


   Wis"tit,  n.  [Prob.  from native name: cf. F. ouistiti.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   small  South  American  monkey; a marmoset. [Written also wistiti, and


   Wist"ly  (?),  adv.  [See  Wistful.]  Attentively; observingly. [Obs.]


   Wis"ton*wish (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Wishtonwish.


   Wit  (?),  v.  t. & i. [inf. (To) Wit; pres. sing. Wot; pl. Wite; imp.
   Wist(e);  p.  p. Wist; p. pr. & vb. n. Wit(t)ing. See the Note below.]
   [OE.  witen,  pres. ich wot, wat, I know (wot), imp. wiste, AS. witan,
   pres.  w\'bet,  imp. wiste, wisse; akin to OFries. wita, OS. witan, D.
   weten,  G. wissen, OHG. wizzan, Icel. vita, Sw. veta, Dan. vide, Goth.
   witan  to  observe,  wait I know, Russ. vidiete to see, L. videre, Gr.
   vid  to  know, learn; cf. Skr. vid to find. History, Idea, Idol, -oid,
   Twit, Veda, Vision, Wise, a. & n., Wot.] To know; to learn. "I wot and
   wist alway." Chaucer.

   Page 1659

     NOTE: &hand; Th e present tense was inflected as follows; sing. 1st
     pers. wot; 2d pers. wost, or wot(t)est; 3d pers. wot, or wot(t)eth;
     pl.  witen,  or wite. The following variant forms also occur; pres.
     sing.  1st  &  3d pers. wat, woot; pres. pl. wyten, or wyte, weete,
     wote,  wot;  imp.  wuste (Southern dialect); p. pr. wotting. Later,
     other  variant  or  corrupt forms are found, as, in Shakespeare, 3d
     pers. sing. pres. wots.

     Brethren,  we  do you to wit [make you to know] of the grace of God
     bestowed on the churches of Macedonia. 2 Cor. viii. 1.

     Thou wost full little what thou meanest. Chaucer.

     We witen not what thing we prayen here. Chaucer.

     When that the sooth in wist. Chaucer.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is verb is now used only in the infinitive, to wit,
     which  is employed, especially in legal language, to call attention
     to  a  particular  thing,  or to a more particular specification of
     what has preceded, and is equivalent to namely, that is to say.


   Wit  (?),  n.  [AS.  witt,  wit;  akin  to  OFries. wit, G. witz, OHG.
   wizz\'c6, Icel. vit, Dan. vid, Sw. vett. &root;133. See Wit, v.]

   1. Mind; intellect; understanding; sense.

     Who  knew  the  wit  of  the Lord? or who was his counselor? Wyclif
     (Rom. xi. 34).

     A  prince  most  prudent,  of  an  excellent  And unmatched wit and
     judgment. Shak.

     Will puts in practice what wit deviseth. Sir J. Davies.

     He wants not wit the dander to decline. Dryden.

   2.  A  mental  faculty,  or  power  of the mind; -- used in this sense
   chiefly in the plural, and in certain phrases; as, to lose one's wits;
   at one's wits' end, and the like. "Men's wittes ben so dull." Chaucer.

     I will stare him out of his wits. Shak.

   3.  Felicitous  association of objects not usually connected, so as to
   produce  a  pleasant  surprise;  also.  the power of readily combining
   objects in such a manner.

     The  definition  of  wit  is  only  this, that it is a propriety of
     thoughts  and  words;  or,  in  other  terms,  thoughts  and  words
     elegantly adapted to the subject. Dryden.

     Wit  which  discovers partial likeness hidden in general diversity.

     Wit  lying  most  in  the  assemblage  of  ideas, and putting those
     together  with  quickness  and  variety  wherein  can  be found any
     resemblance  or  congruity, thereby to make up pleasant pictures in
     the fancy. Locke.

   4.  A person of eminent sense or knowledge; a man of genius, fancy, or
   humor;  one distinguished for bright or amusing sayings, for repartee,
   and the like.

     In  Athens, where books and wits were ever busier than in any other
     part  of  Greece,  I  find but only two sorts of writings which the
     magistrate  cared  to  take notice of; those either blasphemous and
     atheistical, or libelous. Milton.

     Intemperate wits will spare neither friend nor foe. L'Estrange.

     A wit herself, Amelia weds a wit. Young.

   The five wits, the five senses; also, sometimes, the five qualities or
   faculties,  common  wit, imagination, fantasy, estimation, and memory.
   Chaucer. Nares.
     But  my five wits nor my five senses can Dissuade one foolish heart
     from serving thee. Shak.
   Syn.  --  Ingenuity; humor; satire; sarcasm; irony; burlesque. -- Wit,
   Humor.  Wit primarily meant mind; and now denotes the power of seizing
   on  some  thought  or occurrence, and, by a sudden turn, presenting it
   under  aspects  wholly  new  and  unexpected -- apparently natural and
   admissible,  if not perfectly just, and bearing on the subject, or the
   parties concerned, with a laughable keenness and force. "What I want,"
   said  a  pompous  orator, aiming at his antagonist, "is common sense."
   "Exactly!" was the whispered reply. The pleasure we find in wit arises
   from the ingenuity of the turn, the sudden surprise it brings, and the
   patness  of  its  application  to  the  case, in the new and ludicrous
   relations  thus  flashed  upon  the  view.  Humor  is  a  quality more
   congenial  to  the  English  mind  than  wit. It consists primarily in
   taking  up  the  peculiarities of a humorist (or eccentric person) and
   drawing  them  out,  as Addison did those of Sir Roger de Coverley, so
   that  we  enjoy  a  hearty,  good-natured  laugh  at  his  unconscious
   manifestation of whims and oddities. From this original sense the term
   has  been widened to embrace other sources of kindly mirth of the same
   general  character.  In a well-known caricature of English reserve, an
   Oxford  student  is  represented  as standing on the brink of a river,
   greatly agitated at the sight of a drowning man before him, and crying
   out,  "O  that  I  had been introduced to this gentleman, that I might
   save  his  life!  The, "Silent Woman" of Ben Jonson is one of the most
   humorous productions, in the original sense of the term, which we have
   in our language.
   Witch (?), n. [Cf. Wick of a lamp.] A cone of paper which is placed in
   a vessel of lard or other fat, and used as a taper. [Prov. Eng.]
   Witch, n. [OE. wicche, AS. wicce, fem., wicca, masc.; perhaps the same
   word  as  AS.  w\'c6tiga,  w\'c6tga,  a soothsayer (cf. Wiseacre); cf.
   Fries.  wikke,  a  witch, LG. wikken to predict, Icel. vitki a wizard,
   vitka to bewitch.]
   1.  One  who  practices  the  black  art,  or  magic;  one regarded as
   possessing  supernatural  or  magical  power  by  compact with an evil
   spirit,  esp.  with the Devil; a sorcerer or sorceress; -- now applied
   chiefly or only to women, but formerly used of men as well.
     There  was a man in that city whose name was Simon, a witch. Wyclif
     (Acts viii. 9).
     He  can  not  abide  the  old woman of Brentford; he swears she's a
     witch. Shak.
   2. An ugly old woman; a hag. Shak.
   3.  One who exercises more than common power of attraction; a charming
   or  bewitching person; also, one given to mischief; -- said especially
   of a woman or child. [Colloq.]
   4.  (Geom.)  A  certain  curve  of the third order, described by Maria
   Agnesi under the name versiera.
   5. (Zo\'94l.) The stormy petrel.
   Witch  balls,  a  name applied to the interwoven rolling masses of the
   stems  of  herbs,  which  are  driven by the winds over the steppes of
   Tartary.  Cf.  Tumbleweed. Maunder (Treas. of Bot.) -- Witches' besoms
   (Bot.), tufted and distorted branches of the silver fir, caused by the
   attack  of  some  fungus.  Maunder (Treas. of Bot.) -- Witches' butter
   (Bot.),  a  name  of several gelatinous cryptogamous plants, as Nostoc
   commune,  and  Exidia glandulosa. See Nostoc. -- Witch grass (Bot.), a
   kind  of  grass  (Panicum  capillare)  with  minute spikelets on long,
   slender  pedicels forming a light, open panicle. -- Witch meal (Bot.),
   vegetable sulphur. See under Vegetable.


   Witch (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Witched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Witching.]
   [AS. wiccian.] To bewitch; to fascinate; to enchant.

     [I 'll] witch sweet ladies with my words and looks. Shak.

     Whether  within  us  or  without The spell of this illusion be That
     witches us to hear and see. Lowell.


   Witch"craft` (?), n. [AS. wiccecr\'91ft.]

   1. The practices or art of witches; sorcery; enchantments; intercourse
   with evil spirits.

   2. Power more than natural; irresistible influence.

     He hath a witchcraft Over the king in 's tongue. Shak.


   Witch"-elm` (?), n. (Bot.) See Wych-elm.


   Witch"er*y (?), n; pl. Witcheries (.

   1. Sorcery; enchantment; witchcraft.

     Great Comus, Deep skilled in all his mother's witcheries. Milton.

     A woman infamous . . . for witcheries. Sir W. Scott.

   2. Fascination; irresistible influence; enchantment.

     He never felt The witchery of the soft blue sky. Wordsworth.

     The dear, dear witchery of song. Bryant.


   Witch"-ha`zel  (?), n. [See Wych-elm, and Hazel.] (Bot.) The wych-elm.
   (b)  An  American  shrub  or  small  tree (Hamamelis Virginica), which
   blossoms late in autumn.


   Witch"ing,  a.  That  witches  or  enchants;  suited to enchantment or
   witchcraft;  bewitching.  "The  very witching time of night." Shak. --
   Witch"ing*ly, adv.


   Witch"-tree` (?), n. (Bot.) The witch-hazel.


   Wit"chuck` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The sand martin, or bank swallow. [Prov.


   Wit"-crack`er (?), n. One who breaks jests; a joker. [Obs.] Shak.


   Wit"craft` (?), n.

   1.  Art  or  skill  of  the  mind; contrivance; invention; wit. [Obs.]

   2. The art of reasoning; logic. [R.]


   Wite  (?), v. t. [AS. w\'c6tan; akin to D. wijten, G. verweisen, Icel.
   v\'c6ta   to   mulct,  and  E.  wit;  cf.  AS.  w\'c6tan  to  see,  L.
   animadvertere  to  observe, to punish. Wit, v.] To reproach; to blame;
   to censure; also, to impute as blame. [Obs. or Scot.] Spenser.

     Though that I be jealous, wite me not. Chaucer.

     There  if  that  I misspeak or say, Wite it the ale of Southwark, I
     you pray. Chaucer.


   Wite,  n. [AS. w\'c6te punishment. Wite, v.] Blame; reproach. [Obs. or
   Scot.] Chaucer.


   Wite"less, a. Blameless. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Wit"en (?), obs. pl. pres. of Wit. Chaucer.


   Wit"e*na*ge*mote`  (?;  277), n. [AS. witena gem&omac;t an assembly of
   the  wise;  wita  a  wise  man  +  gem&omac;t assembly.] (AS. Hist.) A
   meeting  of wise men; the national council, or legislature, of England
   in the days of the Anglo-Saxons, before the Norman Conquest.


   Wit"fish` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The ladyfish (a).


   Wit"ful (?), a. Wise; sensible. [R.] Chapman.


   With (?), n. See Withe.


   With  (?),  prep.  [OE.  with,  AS.  wi  with, against; akin to AS. wi
   against,  OFries.  with,  OS. wi, wi, D. weder, we\'88r (in comp.), G.
   wider  against,  wieder  gain,  OHG.  widar  again,  against, Icel. vi
   against,  with, by, at, Sw. vid at, by, Dan. ved, Goth. wipra against,
   Skr.  vi  asunder.  Cf. Withdraw, Withers, Withstand.] With denotes or
   expresses   some   situation   or  relation  of  nearness,  proximity,
   association, connection, or the like. It is used especially: --

   1. To denote a close or direct relation of opposition or hostility; --
   equivalent to against.

     Thy servant will . . . fight with this Philistine. 1 Sam. xvii. 32.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th is se nse, co mmon in  Ol d En glish, it is now
     obsolete  except  in  a few compounds; as, withhold; withstand; and
     after the verbs fight, contend, struggle, and the like.

   2.  To  denote  association  in  respect  of situation or environment;
   hence, among; in the company of.

     I  will  buy  with  you,  talk  with  you,  walk  with  you, and so
     following;  but  I  will not eat with you, drink with you, nor pray
     with you. Shak.

     Pity your own, or pity our estate, Nor twist our fortunes with your
     sinking fate. Dryden.

     See  where  on  earth  the  flowery  glories  lie;  With  her  they
     flourished, and with her they die. Pope.

     There is no living with thee nor without thee. Tatler.

     Such  arguments had invincible force with those pagan philosophers.

   3.   To   denote   a  connection  of  friendship,  support,  alliance,
   assistance, countenance, etc.; hence, on the side of.

     Fear not, for I am with thee, and will bless thee. Gen. xxvi. 24.

   4.  To  denote the accomplishment of cause, means, instrument, etc; --
   sometimes equivalent to by.

     That with these fowls I be all to-rent. Chaucer.

     Thou  wilt  be  like  a lover presently, And tire the hearer with a
     book of words. Shak.

     [He]  entertained  a  coffeehouse  with  the  following  narrative.

     With  receiving  your  friends within and amusing them without, you
     lead a good, pleasant, bustling life of it. Goldsmith.

   5. To denote association in thought, as for comparison or contrast.

     Can blazing carbuncles with her compare. Sandys.

   6.  To  denote  simultaneous  happening,  or  immediate  succession or

     With  that  she told me . . . that she would hide no truth from me.
     Sir P. Sidney.

     With her they flourished, and with her they die. Pope.

     With this he pointed to his face. Dryden.

   7. To denote having as a possession or an appendage; as, the firmament
   with  its  stars;  a  bride  with  a large fortune. "A maid with clean
   hands." Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Wi th and by are closely allied in many of their uses,
     and it is not easy to lay down a rule by which to distinguish their
     uses. See the Note under By.


   With*al" (?), adv. [With + all.]

   1. With this; with that. [Obs.]

     He will scarce be pleased withal. Shak.

   2.  Together with this; likewise; at the same time; in addition; also.

     Fy on possession But if a man be virtuous withal. Chaucer.

     If you choose that, then I am yours withal. Shak.

     How  modest  in  exception,  and  withal  How  terrible in constant
     resolution. Shak.


   With*al",  prep. With; -- put after its object, at the end of sentence
   or clause in which it stands. [Obs.]

     This diamond he greets your wife withal. Shak.

     Whatsoever  uncleanness  it  be that a man shall be defiled withal.
     Lev. v. 3.


   With"am*it  (?), n. [From its discoverer, H. Witham.] (Min.) A variety
   of epidote, of a reddish color, found in Scotland.


   With*draw"  (?), v. t. [imp. Withdrew (?); p. p. Withdrawn (?); p. pr.
   & vb. n. Withdrawing.] [With against + draw.]

   1. To take back or away, as what has been bestowed or enjoyed; to draw
   back;  to  cause  to  move away or retire; as, to withdraw aid, favor,
   capital, or the like.

     Impossible  it  is  that  God  should  withdraw  his  presence from
     anything. Hooker.

   2. To take back; to recall or retract; as, to withdraw false charges.


   With*draw",  v.  i. To retire; to retreat; to quit a company or place;
   to go away; as, he withdrew from the company. "When the sea withdrew."
   King Horn. Syn. -- To recede; retrograde; go back.


   With*draw"al  (?),  n.  The act of withdrawing; withdrawment; retreat;
   retraction. Fielding.


   With*draw"er  (?),  n.  One  who  withdraws;  one  who  takes back, or


   With*draw"ing-room`  (?),  n.  [See Withdraw, and cf. Drawing-room.] A
   room  for  retirement  from  another  room,  as  from a dining room; a

     A  door in the middle leading to a parlor and withdrawing-room. Sir
     W. Scott.


   With*draw"ment (?), n. The act of withdrawing; withdrawal. W. Belsham.


   Withe (?; 277), n. [OE. withe. Withy, n.] [Written also with.]

   1.  A  flexible,  slender  twig  or branch used as a band; a willow or
   osier twig; a withy.

   2. A band consisting of a twig twisted.

   3.  (Naut.)  An  iron  attachment on one end of a mast or boom, with a
   ring,  through which another mast or boom is rigged out and secured; a
   wythe. R. H. Dana, Jr.

   4. (Arch.) A partition between flues in a chimney.


   Withe,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Withed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Withing.] To
   bind or fasten with withes.

     You  shall  see him withed, and haltered, and staked, and baited to
     death. Bp. Hall.


   With"er  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Withered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Withering.] [OE. wideren; probably the same word as wederen to weather
   (see  Weather,  v.  &  n.);  or  cf.  G.  verwittern  to  decay, to be
   weather-beaten, Lith. vysti to wither.]

   1.  To  fade; to lose freshness; to become sapless; to become sapless;
   to dry or shrivel up.

     Shall  he  hot  pull  up  the  roots thereof, and cut off the fruit
     thereof, that it wither? Ezek. xvii. 9.

   2. To lose or want animal moisture; to waste; to pin

     This is man, old, wrinkled, faded, withered. Shak.

     There was a man which had his hand withered. Matt. xii. 10.

     Now warm in love, now with'ring in the grave. Dryden.

   3. To lose vigor or power; to languish; to pass away. "Names that must
   not wither." Byron.

     States thrive or wither as moons wax and wane. Cowper.


   With"er, v. t.

   1. To cause to fade, and become dry.

     The  sun  is  no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth
     the grass, and the flower thereof falleth. James i. 11.

   2. To cause to shrink, wrinkle, or decay, for want of animal moisture.
   "Age can not wither her." Shak.

     Shot  forth  pernicious  fire Among the accursed, that withered all
     their strength. Milton.

   3.  To  cause  to  languish,  perish,  or  pass away; to blight; as, a
   reputation withered by calumny.

     The passions and the cares that wither life. Bryant.


   With"er*band`  (?),  n.  [Withers + band.] (Far.) A piece of iron in a
   saddle near a horse's withers, to strengthen the bow.


   With"ered  (?),  a. Faded; dried up; shriveled; wilted; wasted; wasted
   away. -- With"ered*ness, n. Bp. Hall.


   With"er*ing  (?),  a. Tending to wither; causing to shrink or fade. --
   With"er*ing*ly, adv.


   With"er*ite  (?), n. [So called after Dr. W. Withering.] (Min.) Barium
   carbonate occurring in white or gray six-sided twin crystals, and also
   in columnar or granular masses.


   With"er*ling  (?),  n. [Wither + -ling.] A withered person; one who is
   decrepit. [Obs.] Chapman.


   With"er*nam  (?),  n. [AS. wi\'ebern\'bem; wi\'eber against + n\'bem a
   seizure,  fr. niman to take.] (Law) A second or reciprocal distress of
   other  goods in lieu of goods which were taken by a first distress and
   have  been  eloigned;  a taking by way of reprisal; -- chiefly used in
   the  expression  capias in withernam, which is the name of a writ used
   in  connection with the action of replevin (sometimes called a writ of
   reprisal),  which  issues  to  a  defendant  in  replevin  when he has
   obtained judgment for a return of the chattels replevied, and fails to
   obtain them on the writ of return. Blackstone.

   Page 1660

   <-- final segment of the main dictionary !! -->


   Withe"-rod`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A North American shrub (Viburnum nudum)
   whose tough osierlike shoots are sometimes used for binding sheaves.


   With"ers  (?),  n.  pl.  [Properly, the parts which resist the pull or
   strain in drawing a load; fr. OE. wither resistance, AS. wi\'ebre, fr.
   wi\'eber  against;  akin to G. widerrist withers. See With, prep.] The
   ridge  between the shoulder bones of a horse, at the base of the neck.
   See Illust. of Horse.

     Let the galled jade wince; our withers are unwrung. Shak.


   With"er-wrung` (?), a. Injured or hurt in the withers, as a horse.


   With*hold"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  Withheld (?); p. p. Withheld, Obs. or
   Archaic  Withholden  (;  p.  pr.  &  vb. n. Withholding.] [With again,
   against, back + hold.]

   1. To hold back; to restrain; to keep from action.

     Withhold,  O sovereign prince, your hasty hand From knitting league
     with him. Spenser.

   2.  To retain; to keep back; not to grant; as, to withhold assent to a

     Forbid  who  will,  none  shall from me withhold Longer thy offered
     good. Milton.

   3. To keep; to maintain; to retain. [Obs.]

     To withhold it the more easily in heart. Chaucer.


   With*hold"er (?), n. One who withholds.


   With*hold"ment (?), n. The act of withholding.


   With*in"  (?), prep. [OE. withinne, withinnen, AS. wi\'ebinnan; wi\'eb
   with,  against,  toward  + innan in, inwardly, within, from in in. See
   With, prep., In, prep.]

   1.  In  the  inner  or  interior  part of; inside of; not without; as,
   within doors.

     O, unhappy youth! Come not within these doors; within this roof The
     enemy of all your graces lives. Shak.

     Till this be cured by religion, it is as impossible for a man to be
     happy  -- that is, pleased and contented within himself -- as it is
     for a sick man to be at ease. Tillotson.

   2. In the limits or compass of; not further in length than; as, within
   five miles; not longer in time than; as, within an hour; not exceeding
   in  quantity;  as,  expenses kept within one's income. "That he repair
   should again within a little while." Chaucer.

     Within these five hours lived Lord Hastings, Untainted, unexamined,
     free, at liberty. Shak.

   3. Hence, inside the limits, reach, or influence of; not going outside
   of; not beyond, overstepping, exceeding, or the like.

     Both he and she are still within my power. Dryden.

     Within himself The danger lies, yet lies within his power. Milton.

     Were  every action concluded within itself, and drew no consequence
     after  it, we should, undoubtedly, never err in our choice of good.


   With*in", adv.

   1.  In  the  inner  part;  inwardly;  internally.  "The  wound festers
   within." Carew.

     Ills from within thy reason must prevent. Dryden.

   2. In the house; in doors; as, the master is within.


   With*in"forth` (?), adv. Within; inside; inwardly. [Obs.] Wyclif.

     [It  is  much  greater]  labor  for  to withinforth call into mind,
     without  sight  of the eye withoutforth upon images, what he before
     knew and thought upon. Bp. Peacock.


   With*in"side` (?), adv. In the inner parts; inside. [Obs.] Graves.


   With*out"  (?),  prep.  [OE.  withoute,  withouten, AS. wi\'eb; wi\'eb
   with, against, toward + outside, fr. out. See With, prep., Out.]

   1. On or at the outside of; out of; not within; as, without doors.

     Without  the  gate Some drive the cars, and some the coursers rein.

   2. Out of the limits of; out of reach of; beyond.

     Eternity,  before  the  world  and  after, is without our reach. T.

   3.  Not  with; otherwise than with; in absence of, separation from, or
   destitution  of;  not  with  use  or  employment of; independently of;
   exclusively of; with omission; as, without labor; without damage.

     I wolde it do withouten negligence. Chaucer.

     Wise men will do it without a law. Bacon.

     Without the separation of the two monarchies, the most advantageous
     terms . . . must end in our destruction. Addison.

     There is no living with thee nor without thee. Tatler.

   To  do without. See under Do. -- Without day [a translation of L. sine
   die],  without  the  appointment of a day to appear or assemble again;
   finally;  as,  the  Fortieth  Congress  then adjourned without day. --
   Without recourse. See under Recourse.


   With*out", conj. Unless; except; -- introducing a clause.

     You will never live to my age without you keep yourselves in breath
     with exercise, and in heart with joyfulness. Sir P. Sidney.

     NOTE: &hand; Now rarely used by good writers or speakers.


   With*out", adv.

   1.  On  or  art the outside; not on the inside; not within; outwardly;

     Without were fightings, within were fears. 2 Cor. vii. 5.

   2. Outside of the house; out of doors.

     The people came unto the house without. Chaucer.


   With*out"-door`  (?),  a.  Outdoor; exterior. [Obs.] "Her without-door
   form." Shak.


   With*out"en (?), prep. Without. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   With*out"forth`   (?),   adv.   Without;   outside'   outwardly.   Cf.
   Withinforth. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   With*say"  (?), v. t. To contradict; to gainsay; to deny; to renounce.
   [Obs.] Gower.

     If that he his Christendom withsay. Chaucer.


   With*set"  (?),  v. t. To set against; to oppose. [Obs.] "Their way he
   them withset." R. of Brunne.


   With*stand"  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Withstood (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Withstanding.]  [AS.  wi&edh;standan.  See With, prep., and Stand.] To
   stand  against;  to  oppose;  to resist, either with physical or moral
   force; as, to withstand an attack of troops; to withstand eloquence or
   arguments. Piers Plowman.

     I withstood him to the face. Gal. ii. 11.

     Some  village  Hampden,  that,  with  dauntless  breast. The little
     tyrant of his fields withstood. Gray.


   With*stand"er  (?),  n. One who withstands, or opposes; an opponent; a
   resisting power.


   With*stood" (?), imp. & p. p. oWithstand.


   With"vine` (?), n. [Withe + vine.] (Bot.) Quitch grass.


   With"wind`  (?),  n.  [AS.  wi&edh;owinde.]  (Bot.) A kind of bindweed
   (Convolvulus arvensis).

     He  bare  a  burden ybound with a broad list, In a withewyndes wise
     ybounden about. Piers Plowman.


   With"wine` (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Withvine.


   With"y (?), n.; pl. Withies (#). [OE. withe, wipi, AS. w\'c6 a willow,
   willow  twig;  akin  to  G. weide willow, OHG. w\'c6da, Icel. v\'c6, a
   withy, Sw. vide a willow twig, Dan. vidie a willow, osier, Gr. vitis a
   vine, viere to plait, Russ. vite. &root;141. Cf. Wine, Withe.]

   1. (Bot.) The osier willow (Salix viminalis). See Osier, n. (a).

   2. A withe. See Withe, 1.


   With"y,  a.  Made  of  withes; like a withe; flexible and tough; also,
   abounding in withes.

     The  stream  is  brimful  now,  and  lies high in this little withy
     plantation. G. Eliot.


   Wit"ing  (?),  n. [See Wit, v.] Knowledge. [Obs.] "Withouten witing of
   any other wight." Chaucer.


   Wit"less  (?),  a. Destitute of wit or understanding; wanting thought;
   hence,  indiscreet;  not  under  the  guidance  of  judgment. "Witless
   bravery." Shak.

     A witty mother! witless else her son. Shak.

     Witless pity breedeth fruitless love. Fairfax.

   -- Wit"less*ly, adv. -- Wit"less*ness, n.


   Wit"ling  (?),  n.  [Wit  +  -ling; cf. G. witzling.] A person who has
   little wit or understanding; a pretender to wit or smartness.

     A beau and witing perished in the forming. Pope.

     Ye newspaper witlings! ye pert scribbling folks! Goldsmith.


   Wit"ness   (?),  n.  [AS.  witness,  gewitnes,  from  witan  to  know.
   &root;133. See Wit, v. i.]

   1. Attestation of a fact or an event; testimony.

     May we with . . . the witness of a good conscience, pursue him with
     any further revenge? Shak.

     If I bear witness of myself, my witness is not true. John v. 31.

   2. That which furnishes evidence or proof.

     Laban said to Jacob, . . . This heap be witness, and this pillar be
     witness. Gen. xxxi. 51, 52.

   3.  One  who  is  cognizant;  a  person  who beholds, or otherwise has
   personal  knowledge  of,  anything;  as, an eyewitness; an earwitness.
   "Thyself art witness I am betrothed." Shak.

     Upon my looking round, I was witness to appearances which filled me
     with melancholy and regret. R. Hall.

   4.  (Law) (a) One who testifies in a cause, or gives evidence before a
   judicial  tribunal;  as,  the witness in court agreed in all essential
   facts. (b) One who sees the execution of an instrument, and subscribes
   it  for  the  purpose of confirming its authenticity by his testimony;
   one who witnesses a will, a deed, a marriage, or the like.
   Privileged  witnesses.  (Law) See under Privileged. -- With a witness,
   effectually;  to a great degree; with great force, so as to leave some
   mark as a testimony. [Colloq.]

     This, I confess, is haste with a witness. South.


   Wit"ness,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Witnessed  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n.

   1. To see or know by personal presence; to have direct cognizance of.

     This  is  but  a  faint  sketch  of the incalculable calamities and
     horrors  we  must  expect,  should  we ever witness the triumphs of
     modern infidelity. R. Hall.

     General  Washington  did  not  live  to  witness the restoration of
     peace. Marshall.

   2. To give testimony to; to testify to; to attest.

     Behold how many things they witness against thee. Mark xv. 4.

   3.  (Law)  To see the execution of, as an instrument, and subscribe it
   for  the  purpose  of  establishing its authenticity; as, to witness a
   bond or a deed.


   Wit"ness,  v.  i.  To  bear  testimony;  to give evidence; to testify.

     The men of Belial witnessed against him. 1 Kings xxi. 13.

     The  witnessing  of  the  truth was then so generally attended with
     this  event  [martyrdom]  that  martyrdom now signifies not only to
     witness, but to witness to death. South.


   Wit"ness*er (?), n. One who witness.


   Wit"-snap`per  (?), n. One who affects repartee; a wit-cracker. [Obs.]


   Wit"-starved` (?), a. Barren of wit; destitute of genius. Examiner.


   Wit"ted   (?),  a.  Having  (such)  a  wit  or  understanding;  as,  a
   quick-witted boy.


   Wit"tic*as`ter  (?),  n.  [Formed  like  criticaster.] A witling. [R.]


   Wit"ti*cism (?), n. [From Witty.] A witty saying; a sentence or phrase
   which is affectedly witty; an attempt at wit; a conceit. Milton.

     He  is  full of conceptions, points of epigram, and witticisms; all
     which are below the dignity of heroic verse. Addison.


   Wit"ti*fied (?), a. [Witty + -fy + -ed.] Possessed of wit; witty. [R.]
   R. North.


   Wi"ti*ly,  adv. In a witty manner; wisely; ingeniously; artfully; with
   it;  with  a delicate turn or phrase, or with an ingenious association
   of ideas.

     Who his own harm so wittily contrives. Dryden.


   Wit"ti*ness, n. The quality of being witty.


   Wit"ting*ly  (?),  adv.  [See  Wit,  v.] Knowingly; with knowledge; by


   Wit"tol  (?), n. [Said to be for white tail, and so called in allusion
   to its white tail; but cf. witwal.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) The wheatear. [Prov. Eng.]

   2.  A  man  who  knows his wife's infidelity and submits to it; a tame
   cuckold; -- so called because the cuckoo lays its eggs in the wittol's
   nest. [Obs.] Shak.


   Wit"tol*ly (?), a. Like a wittol; cuckoldly. [Obs.] Shak.


   Witts  (?),  n. (Mining) Tin ore freed from earthy matter by stamping.


   Wit"ty  (?),  a.  [Compar. Wittier (?); superl. Wittiest.] [AS. witig,
   wittig. See Wit, n.]

   1.  Possessed  of  wit;  knowing;  wise;  skillful; judicious; clever;
   cunning. [Obs.] "The deep-revolving witty Buckingham." Shak.

   2.  Especially,  possessing  wit  or  humor;  good at repartee; droll;
   facetious;  sometimes,  sarcastic;  as,  a witty remark, poem, and the
   like.  "Honeycomb,  who  was  so  unmercifully  witty upon the women."
   Addison.  Syn. -- Acute; smart; sharp; arch; keen; facetious; amusing;
   humorous; satirical; ironical; taunting.

                                Witwal, Witwall

   Wit"wal`,  Wit"wall`  (?),  n.  [Akin  to G. wittewal, wiedewall, MHG.
   witewal,  D.  wiedewaal, wielewaal, OD. weduwael, and perhaps the same
   word as OE. wodewale. Cf. Wood, n., Wittol.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) The golden
   oriole. (b) The greater spotted woodpecker. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wit"worm`  (?),  n.  One who, or that which, feeds on or destroys wit.
   [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Wive,  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Wived (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wiving.] [AS.
   w\'c6fian, gew\'c6fian. See Wite.] To marry, as a man; to take a wife.

     Wherefore we pray you hastily to wive. Chaucer.


   Wive, v. t.

   1.  To match to a wife; to provide with a wife. "An I could get me but
   a wife . . . I were manned, horsed, and wived." Shak.

   2. To take for a wife; to marry.

     I have wived his sister. Sir W. Scott.


   Wive"hood (?), n. Wifehood. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Wive"less, a. Wifeless. [Obs.] Homilies.


   Wive"ly, a. Wifely. [Obs.] Udall.

                                 Wiver, Wivern

   Wiv"er  (?), Wiv"ern (?), n. [OE. wivere a serpent, OF. wivre, guivre,
   F.  givre,  guivre, wiver, from L. vipera; probably influenced by OHG.
   wipera, from the Latin. See Viper, and cf. Weever.]

   1.  (Her.)  A fabulous two-legged, winged creature, like a cockatrice,
   but  having  the  head  of  a dragon, and without spurs. [Written also

     The  jargon of heraldry, its griffins, its mold warps, its wiverns,
     and its dragons. Sir W. Scott.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The weever.


   Wives (?), n., pl of Wife.


   Wiz"ard (?), n. [Probably from wise + -ard.]

   1. A wise man; a sage. [Obs.]

     See  how from far upon the eastern road The star-led wizards [Magi]
     haste with odors sweet! Milton.

   2.  One  devoted to the black art; a magician; a conjurer; a sorcerer;
   an enchanter.

     The wily wizard must be caught. Dryden.


   Wiz"ard, a.

   1. Enchanting; charming. Collins.

   2. Haunted by wizards.

     Where Deva spreads her wizard stream. Milton.


   Wiz"ard*ly, a. Resembling or becoming a wizard; wizardlike; weird.


   Wiz"ard*ry  (?),  n.  The  character  or  practices  o  "He acquired a
   reputation bordering on wizardry." J. A. Symonds.


   Wiz"en (?), v. i. [OE. wisenen, AS. wisnian akin to weornian to decay,
   OHG. wesan to grow dry, G. verwesen to rot, Icel. visna to wither, Sw.
   vissna,  Dan.  visne,  and  probably  to  L.  virus an offensive odor,
   poison. Cf. Virus.] To wither; to dry. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]


   Wiz"en, a. Wizened; thin; weazen; withered.

     A little lonely, wizen, strangely clad boy. Dickens.


   Wiz"en, n. The weasand. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]


   Wiz"ened  (?),  a. Dried; shriveled; withered; shrunken; weazen; as, a
   wizened old man.


   Wiz"en-faced` (?), a. Having a shriveled, thin, withered face.


   Wlat"some  (?),  a.  [AS.  wlatian  to  disgust,  irk,  wl  loathing.]
   Loathsome; disgusting; hateful. [Obs.]

     Murder is . . . wlatsom and abhominable to God. Chaucer.


   Wo (?), n. & a. See Woe. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Woad  (?),  n.  [OE.  wod, AS. w\'bed; akin to D. weede, G. waid, OHG.
   weit,  Dan.  vaid, veid, Sw. veide, L. vitrum.] [Written also wad, and

   1.  (Bot.)  An herbaceous cruciferous plant (Isatis tinctoria). It was
   formerly  cultivated  for  the  blue  coloring matter derived from its

   2. A blue dyestuff, or coloring matter, consisting of the powdered and
   fermented  leaves  of  the  Isatis  tinctoria. It is now superseded by
   indigo, but is somewhat used with indigo as a ferment in dyeing.

     Their bodies . . . painted with woad in sundry figures. Milton.

   Wild woad (Bot.), the weld (Reseda luteola). See Weld. -- Woad mill, a
   mill grinding and preparing woad.


   Woad"ed,  a.  Colored  or  stained  with woad. "Man tattoed or woaded,
   winter-clad in skins." Tennyson.


   Woad"-wax`en  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Wood-wax.]  (Bot.)  A  leguminous  plant
   (Genista  tinctoria)  of  Europe and Russian Asia, and adventitious in
   America;  --  called  also greenwood, greenweed, dyer's greenweed, and
   whin, wood-wash, wood-wax, and wood-waxen.


   Woald (?), n. See Weld.


   Wob"ble (?), v. i. See Wabble.


   Wode  (?),  a.  [AS. w&omac;d.] Mad. See Wood, a. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   Wode, n. Wood. Chaucer.


   Wode"geld`  (?),  n.  [See  Wood,  and Geld.] (O. Eng. Law) A geld, or
   payment, for wood. Burrill.


   Wo"den (?), n. [AS. W\'d3den; akin to OS. W\'d3dan, OHG. Wuotan, Icel.
   O\'ebinn, and probably to E. wood, a. Cf. Wednesday.] (Northern Myth.)
   A deity corresponding to Odin, the supreme deity of the Scandinavians.
   Wednesday is named for him. See Odin.

   Page 1661


   Woe  (?), n. [OE. wo, wa, woo, AS. w\'be, interj.; akin to D. wee, OS.
   & OHG. w&emac;, G. weh, Icel. vei, Dan. vee, Sw. ve, Goth. wai; cf. L.
   vae, Gr. Wail.] [Formerly written also wo.]

   1. Grief; sorrow; misery; heavy calamity.

     Thus saying, from her side the fatal key, Sad instrument of all our
     woe, she took. Milton.

     [They] weep each other's woe. Pope.

   2. A curse; a malediction.

     Can there be a woe or curse in all the stores of vengeance equal to
     the malignity of such a practice? South.

     NOTE: &hand; Wo e is  us ed in denunciation, and in exclamations of
     sorrow. " Woe is me! for I am undone."

   Isa. vi. 5.

     O! woe were us alive [i.e., in life]. Chaucer.

     Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! Isa. xlv. 9.

   Woe worth, Woe be to. See Worth, v. i.

     Woe  worth  the  chase,  woe worth the day, That costs thy life, my
     gallant gray! Sir W. Scott.


   Woe, a. Woeful; sorrowful. [Obs.]

     His clerk was woe to do that deed. Robert of Brunne.

     Woe was this knight and sorrowfully he sighed. Chaucer.

     And looking up he waxed wondrous woe. Spenser.


   Woe"-be*gone` (?), a. [OE. wo begon. See Woe, and Begone, p. p.] Beset
   or overwhelmed with woe; immersed in grief or sorrow; woeful. Chaucer.

     So woe-begone was he with pains of love. Fairfax.

                                 Woeful, Woful

   Woe"ful, Wo"ful (?), a.

   1.  Full  of  woe;  sorrowful;  distressed  with  grief  or  calamity;
   afflicted; wretched; unhappy; sad.

     How many woeful widows left to bow To sad disgrace! Daniel.

   2.  Bringing  calamity,  distress,  or affliction; as, a woeful event;
   woeful want.

     O woeful day! O day of woe! Philips.

   3. Wretched; paltry; miserable; poor.

     What woeful stuff this madrigal would be! Pope.

                               Woefully, Wofully

   Woe"ful*ly,   Wo"ful*ly,   adv.   In  a  woeful  manner;  sorrowfully;
   mournfully; miserably; dolefully.

                             Woefulness, Wofulness

   Woe"ful*ness,  Wo"ful*ness,  n.  The quality or state of being woeful;
   misery; wretchedness.


   Woe"some (?), a. Woeful. [Obs.] Langhorne.


   Woke (?), imp. & p. p. Wake.


   Wol (?), v. t. & i. See 2d Will. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wold (?), n. [OE. wold, wald, AS. weald, wald, a wood, forest; akin to
   OFries.  &  OS.  wald,  D. woud, G. wald, Icel. v\'94llr, a field, and
   probably to Gr. v\'be a garden, inclosure. Cf. Weald.]

   1. A wood; a forest.

   2. A plain, or low hill; a country without wood, whether hilly or not.

     And from his further bank \'92tolia's wolds espied. Byron.

     The  wind that beats the mountain, blows More softly round the open
     wold. Tennyson.


   Wold, n. See Weld.


   Wolde (?), obs. imp. of Will. See Would.


   Wolf  (?),  n.; pl. Wolves (#). [OE. wolf, wulf, AS. wulf; akin to OS.
   wulf,  D.  & G. wolf, Icel. &umac;lfr, Sw. ulf, Dan. ulv, Goth. wulfs,
   Lith. vilkas, Russ. volk', L. lupus, Gr. ly`kos, Skr. v&rsdot;ka; also
   to  Gr. "e`lkein to draw, drag, tear in pieces. &root;286. Cf. Lupine,
   a., Lyceum.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species of wild and savage carnivores
   belonging to the genus Canis and closely allied to the common dog. The
   best-known  and  most destructive species are the European wolf (Canis
   lupus),  the American gray, or timber, wolf (C. occidentalis), and the
   prairie  wolf,  or  coyote.  Wolves  often hunt in packs, and may thus
   attack large animals and even man.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  One of the destructive, and usually hairy, larv\'91 of
   several species of beetles and grain moths; as, the bee wolf.

   3. Fig.: Any very ravenous, rapacious, or destructive person or thing;
   especially,  want;  starvation;  as, they toiled hard to keep the wolf
   from the door.

   4. A white worm, or maggot, which infests granaries.

   5. An eating ulcer or sore. Cf. Lupus. [Obs.]

     If God should send a cancer upon thy face, or a wolf into thy side.
     Jer. Taylor.

   6.  (Mus.)  (a)  The  harsh, howling sound of some of the chords on an
   organ or piano tuned by unequal temperament. (b) In bowed instruments,
   a harshness due to defective vibration in certain notes of the scale.

   7. (Textile Manuf.) A willying machine. Knight.
   Black  wolf. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A black variety of the European wolf which
   is  common  in  the Pyrenees. (b) A black variety of the American gray
   wolf. -- Golden wolf (Zo\'94l.), the Thibetan wolf (Canis laniger); --
   called  also chanco. -- Indian wolf (Zo\'94l.), an Asiatic wolf (Canis
   pallipes)  which  somewhat resembles a jackal. Called also landgak. --
   Prairie  wolf  (Zo\'94l.),  the coyote. -- Sea wolf. (Zo\'94l.) See in
   the  Vocabulary.  --  Strand  wolf  (Zo\'94l.)  the  striped hyena. --
   Tasmanian  wolf  (Zo\'94l.), the zebra wolf. -- Tiger wolf (Zo\'94l.),
   the  spotted  hyena.  --  To keep the wolf from the door, to keep away
   poverty;  to prevent starvation. See Wolf, 3, above. Tennyson. -- Wolf
   dog.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The  mastiff, or shepherd dog, of the Pyrenees,
   supposed by some authors to be one of the ancestors of the St. Bernard
   dog.  (b)  The Irish greyhound, supposed to have been used formerly by
   the Danes for chasing wolves. (c) A dog bred between a dog and a wolf,
   as  the  Eskimo dog. -- Wolf eel (Zo\'94l.), a wolf fish. -- Wolf fish
   (Zo\'94l.),  any  one  of  several  species of large, voracious marine
   fishes  of  the  genus  Anarrhichas, especially the common species (A.
   lupus)  of Europe and North America. These fishes have large teeth and
   powerful  jaws.  Called  also catfish, sea cat, sea wolf, stone biter,
   and swinefish. -- Wolf net, a kind of net used in fishing, which takes
   great  numbers  of  fish.  -- Wolf's peach (Bot.), the tomato, or love
   apple (Lycopersicum esculentum). -- Wolf spider (Zo\'94l.), any one of
   numerous  species  of  running  ground  spiders belonging to the genus
   Lycosa,  or  family  Lycosid\'91.  These  spiders run about rapidly in
   search  of  their  prey.  Most  of them are plain brown or blackish in
   color.  See  Illust.  in  App.  --  Zebra  wolf  (Zo\'94l.),  a savage
   carnivorous marsupial (Thylacinus cynocephalus) native of Tasmania; --
   called also Tasmanian wolf.


   Wolf"ber`ry   (?),   n.   (Bot.)  An  American  shrub  (Symphoricarpus
   occidentalis) which bears soft white berries.


   Wolff"i*an  (?),  a  (Anat.) Discovered, or first described, by Caspar
   Friedrich   Wolff  (1733-1794),  the  founder  of  modern  embryology.
   Wolffian  body,  the  mesonephros. -- Wolffian duct, the duct from the
   Wolffian body.


   Wolf"ish  (?), a. Like a wolf; having the qualities or form of a wolf;
   as,  a  wolfish  visage;  wolfish  designs.  --  Wolf"ish*ly,  adv. --
   Wolf"ish*ness, n.


   Wolf"kin (?), n. A little or young wolf. Tennyson.


   Wolf"ling (?), n. A young wolf. Carlyle.


   Wol"fram  (?),  n.  [G.] (Min.) Same as Wolframite. <-- Tungsten. from
   the German -->


   Wol"fram*ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of wolframic acid; a tungstate.


   Wol*fram"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Of  or  pertaining  to wolframium. See


   Wol"fram*ite  (?), n. [G., wolframit, wolfram; wolf wolf + rahm cream,
   soot;  cf.  G. wolfsruss wolfram, lit., wolf's soot.] (Min.) Tungstate
   of iron and manganese, generally of a brownish or grayish black color,
   submetallic  luster, and high specific gravity. It occurs in cleavable
   masses, and also crystallized. Called also wolfram.


   Wol*fra"mi*um (?), n. [NL. See Wolfram.] (Chem.) The technical name of
   the element tungsten. See Tungsten. <-- also, Wolfram. -->


   Wolfs"bane`  (?), n. (Bot.) A poisonous plant (Aconitum Lycoctonum), a
   kind  of  monkshood;  also,  by extension, any plant or species of the
   genus Aconitum. See Aconite.


   Wolf's"-claw` (?), n. (Bot.) A kind of club moss. See Lycopodium.


   Wolf's"-foot` (?), n. (Bot.) Club moss. See Lycopodium.


   Wolf's"-milk`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  Any kind of spurge (Euphorbia); -- so
   called from its acrid milky juice.


   Woll (?), v. t. & i. See 2d Will. [Obs.]


   Wol"las*ton*ite  (?),  n.  [After  Dr.  W.  H.  Wollaston,  an English
   chemist,  who  died  in 1828.] (Min.) A silicate of lime of a white to
   gray,  red,  or yellow color, occurring generally in cleavable masses,
   rarely in tabular crystals; tabular spar.


   Wolle (?), n. Wool. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                             Wolverene, Wolverine

   Wol`ver*ene",  Wol`ver*ine"  (?),  n.  [From  Wolf, with a dim suffix;
   prob. so called from its supposed wolfish qualities.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) The glutton.

   2. A nickname for an inhabitant of Michigan. [U. S.]


   Wolves (?), n., pl. of Wolf.


   Wolv"ish (?), a. Wolfish. Shak.


   Wom"an  (?)  n.;  pl.  Women  (#). [OE. woman, womman, wumman, wimman,
   wifmon,  AS.  w\'c6fmann, w\'c6mmann; w\'c6f woman, wife + mann a man.
   See Wife, and Man.]

   1.  An adult female person; a grown-up female person, as distinguished
   from a man or a child; sometimes, any female person.

     Women are soft, mild pitiful, and flexible. Shak.

     And  the  rib,  which  the  Lord  God had taken from man, made he a
     woman. Gen. ii. 22.

     I   have  observed  among  all  nations  that  the  women  ornament
     themselves  more  than  the men; that, wherever found, they are the
     same  kind,  civil, obliging, humane, tender beings, inclined to be
     gay and cheerful, timorous and modest. J. Ledyard.

   2. The female part of the human race; womankind.

     Man is destined to be a prey to woman. Thackeray.

   3. A female attendant or servant. " By her woman I sent your message."
   Woman  hater,  one  who  hates  women;  one who has an aversion to the
   female sex; a misogynist. Swift.


   Wom"an, v. t.

   1. To act the part of a woman in; -- with indefinite it. Daniel.

   2. To make effeminate or womanish. [R.] Shak.

   3.  To  furnish  with,  or unite to, a woman. [R.] "To have him see me
   woman'd." Shak.

                             Womanhead, Womanhede

   Wom"an*head (?), Wom"an*hede (?), n. Womanhood. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wom"an*hood (?), n.

   1.  The  state  of  being  a  woman;  the  distinguishing character or
   qualities of a woman, or of womankind.

     Unspotted faith, and comely womanhood. Spenser.

     Perhaps  the  smile  and  the  tender  tone Came out of her pitying
     womanhood. Tennyson.

   2. Women, collectively; womankind.


   Wom"an*ish  (?),  a.  Suitable  to  a woman, having the qualities of a
   woman;  effeminate;  not  becoming  a man; -- usually in a reproachful
   sense. See the Note under Effeminate. " Thy tears are womanish." Shak.
   " Womanish entreaties." Macaulay.

     A  voice not soft, weak, piping, and womanish, but audible, strong,
     and manlike. Ascham.

   -- Wom"an*ish*ly, adv. -- Wom"an*ish*ness, n.


   Wom"an*ize (?), v. t. To make like a woman; to make effeminate. [Obs.]
   V. Knox.


   Wom"an*kind`   (?),   n.   The  females  of  the  human  race;  women,

     A  sanctuary  into  which  womankind,  with her tools of magic, the
     broom and mop, has very infrequent access. Hawthorne.


   Wom"an*less, a. Without a woman or women.


   Wom"an*like (?), a. Like a woman; womanly.

     Womanlike, taking revenge too deep. Tennyson.


   Wom"an*li*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being womanly.

     There  is  nothing  wherein  their  womanliness  is  more  honestly
     garnished than with silence. Udall.


   Wom"an*ly,  a.  Becoming  a  woman;  feminine;  as,  womanly behavior.

     A blushing, womanly discovering grace. Donne.


   Wom"an*ly,  adv. In the manner of a woman; with the grace, tenderness,
   or affection of a woman. Gascoigne.


   Womb  (?), n. [OE. wombe, wambe, AS. wamb, womb; akin to D. wam belly,
   OS.  & OHG. wamba, G. wamme, wampe, Icel. v\'94mb, Sw. v&mb, Dan. vom,
   Goth. wamba.]

   1. The belly; the abdomen. [Obs.] Chaucer.

     And he coveted to fill his woman of the cods that the hogs eat, and
     no man gave him. Wyclif (Luke xv. 16).

     An  I  had  but a belly of any indifferency, I were simply the most
     active fellow in Europe. My womb, my womb, my womb undoes me. Shak.

   2. (Anat.) The uterus. See Uterus.

   3. The place where anything is generated or produced.

     The womb of earth the genial seed receives. Dryden.

   4. Any cavity containing and enveloping anything.

     The  center  spike of gold Which burns deep in the bluebell's womb.
     R. Browning.


   Womb, v. t. To inclose in a womb, or as in a womb; to breed or hold in
   secret. [Obs.] Shak.


   Wom"bat   (?),   n.  [From  the  native  name,  womback,  wombach,  in
   Australia.]   (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  three  species  of  Australian
   burrowing  marsupials  of the genus Phascolomys, especially the common
   species  (P.  ursinus).  They  are nocturnal in their habits, and feed
   mostly on roots.


   Womb"y (?), a. Capacious. [Obs.] Shak.


   Wom"en (?), n., pl. of Woman.


   Won (?), imp. & p. p. of Win.


   Won,  v. i. [See 1st Wone.] To dwell or abide. [Obs. or Scot.] " Where
   he wans in forest wild." Milton.

     This land where I have woned thus long. Spenser.


   Won, n. Dwelling; wone. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Won"der  (?),  n.  [OE. wonder, wunder, AS. wundor; akin to D. wonder,
   OS.  wundar, OHG. wuntar, G. wunder, Icel. undr, Sw. & Dan. under, and
   perhaps to Gr.

   1.  That  emotion  which is excited by novelty, or the presentation to
   the   sight  or  mind  of  something  new,  unusual,  strange,  great,
   extraordinary,   or   not  well  understood;  surprise;  astonishment;
   admiration; amazement.

     They  were  filled  with  wonder  and  amazement  at that which had
     happened unto him. Acts iii. 10.

     Wonder is the effect of novelty upon ignorance. Johnson.

     NOTE: &hand; Wonder expresses less than astonishment, and much less
     than  amazement.  It  differs  from admiration, as now used, in not
     being necessarily accompanied with love, esteem, or approbation.

   2.  A cause of wonder; that which excites surprise; a strange thing; a
   prodigy; a miracle. " Babylon, the wonder of all tongues." Milton.

     To try things oft, and never to give over, doth wonders. Bacon.

     I am as a wonder unto many. Ps. lxxi. 7.

   Seven  wonders  of  the world. See in the Dictionary of Noted Names in


   Won"der, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Wondered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wondering.]
   [AS. wundrian.]

   1.  To  be  affected  with  surprise  or admiration; to be struck with
   astonishment; to be amazed; to marvel.

     I  could  not  sufficiently  wonder  at  the  intrepidity  of these
     diminutive mortals. Swift.

     We cease to wonder at what we understand. Johnson.

   2. To feel doubt and curiosity; to wait with uncertain expectation; to
   query in the mind; as, he wondered why they came.

     I  wonder,  in  my soul, What you would ask me, that I should deny.


   Won"der, a. Wonderful. [Obs.] Gower.

     After that he said a wonder thing. Chaucer.


   Won"der, adv. Wonderfully. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Won"dered  (?), a. Having performed wonders; able to perform wonderful
   things. [Obs.] Shak.


   Won"der*er (?), n. One who wonders.


   Won"der*ful   (?),   a.   Adapted  to  excite  wonder  or  admiration;
   surprising;  strange;  astonishing.  Syn.  --  Marvelous; amazing. See
   Marvelous. -- Won"der*ful*ly, adv. -- Won"der*ful*ness, n.


   Won"der*ing*ly, adv. In a wondering manner.


   Won"der*land` (?), n. A land full of wonders, or marvels. M. Arnold.


   Won"der*ly,  adv.  [AS.  wundorlice.]  Wonderfully; wondrously. [Obs.]

   Page 1662


   Won"der*ment (?), n. Surprise; astonishment; a wonderful appearance; a
   wonder. Bacon.

     All  the  common  sights they view, Their wonderment engage. Sir W.


   Won"der*ous (?), a. Same as Wondrous.


   Won"ders (?), adv. See Wondrous. [Obs.]

     They be wonders glad thereof. Sir T. More.


   Won"der*struck`  (?),  a. Struck with wonder, admiration, or surprise.


   Won"der*work`  (?),  n.  [AS. wundorweorc.] A wonderful work or act; a
   prodigy; a miracle.

     Such as in strange land He found in wonderworks of God and Nature's
     hand. Byron.


   Won"der-work`er (?), n. One who performs wonders, or miracles.


   Won"der-work`ing, a. Doing wonders or surprising things.


   Won"drous  (?), adv. [OE. wonders, adv. (later also adj.). See Wonder,
   n.,  and  cf.  -wards.] In a wonderful or surprising manner or degree;

     For  sylphs, yet mindful of their ancient race, Are, as when women,
     wondrous fond of place. Pope.

     And  now  there came both mist and snow, And it grew wondrous cold.


   Won"drous,  a.  Wonderful;  astonishing; admirable; marvelous; such as
   excite surprise and astonishment; strange.

     That I may . . . tell of all thy wondrous works. Ps. xxvi. 7.

   -- Won"drous*ly, adv. -- Won"drous*ness, n.

     Chloe complains, and wondrously's aggrieved. Granville.


   Wone  (?),  v. i. [OE. wonen, wunen, wonien, wunien, AS. wunian. Wont,
   a.] To dwell; to abide. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

     Their habitation in which they woned. Chaucer.


   Wone, n. [OE. See Wone, v. i., Wont, a.]

   1. Dwelling; habitation; abode. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. Custom; habit; wont; use; usage. [Obs.]

     To liven in delight was all his wone. Chaucer.


   Wong  (?),  n.  [AS.  wang, wong.] A field. [Obs.] Spelman. "Woods and
   wonges." Havelok the Dane.


   Wong"er (?), n. See Wanger. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Won"ing (?), n. Dwelling. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Won't (?). A colloquial contraction of woll not. Will not. See Will.

     NOTE: &hand; Often pronounced w&ucr;nt in New England.


   Wont  (?),  a.  [For  woned, p. p. of won, wone, to dwell, AS. wunian;
   akin  to D. wonen, OS. wun, OHG, won, G. wohnen, and AS. wund, gewuna,
   custom,  habit;  orig.  probably,  to  take pleasure; cf. Icel. una to
   dwell,  to  enjoy, Goth. wunan to rejoice (in unwunands sad); and akin
   to  Skr. van to like, to wish. Wean, Win.] Using or doing customarily;
   accustomed; habituated; used. "As he was wont to go." Chaucer.

     If the ox were wont to push with his horn. Ex. xxi. 29.


   Wont, n. Custom; habit; use; usage.

     They  are  .  . . to be called out to their military motions, under
     sky  or  covert,  according  to  the season, as was the Roman wont.

     From childly wont and ancient use. Cowper.


   Wont,  v.  i.  [imp.  Wont,  p.  p.  Wont,  or Wonted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Wonting.] To be accustomed or habituated; to be used.

     A yearly solemn feast she wont to make. Spenser.


   Wont, v. t. To accustom; -- used reflexively.


   Wont"ed, a. Accustomed; customary; usual.

     Again his wonted weapon proved. Spenser.

     Like an old piece of furniture left alone in its wonted corner. Sir
     W. Scott.

     She was wonted to the place, and would not remove. L'Estrange.


   Wont"ed*ness,  n. The quality or state of being accustomed. [R.] Eikon


   Wont"less, a. Unaccustomed. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Woo  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wooed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wooing.] [OE.
   wowen,  wo,  AS. w, fr. w bent, crooked, bad; akin to OS. w\'beh evil,
   Goth.   unwahs  blameless,  Skr.  va  to  waver,  and  perhaps  to  E.

   1. To solicit in love; to court.

     Each,  like  the  Grecian  artist,  wooes  The image he himself has
     wrought. Prior.

   2. To court solicitously; to invite with importunity.

     Thee,  chantress, oft the woods among I woo, to hear thy even song.

     I woo the wind That still delays his coming. Bryant.


   Woo, v. i. To court; to make love. Dryden.


   Wood  (?),  a. [OE. wod, AS. w; akin to OHG. wuot, Icel. , Goth. w, D.
   woede  madness,  G.  wuth, wut, also to AS. w song, Icel. , L. vates a
   seer,  a poet. Cf. Wednesday.] Mad; insane; possessed; rabid; furious;
   frantic. [Obs.] [Written also wode.]

     Our hoste gan to swear as [if] he were wood. Chaucer.


   Wood, v. i. To grow mad; to act like a madman; to mad. Chaucer.


   Wood,  n.  [OE.  wode, wude, AS. wudu, wiodu; akin to OHG. witu, Icel.
   vi,  Dan.  & Sw. ved wood, and probably to Ir. & Gael. fiodh, W. gwydd
   trees, shrubs.]

   1.  A  large  and  thick  collection  of  trees; a forest or grove; --
   frequently used in the plural.

     Light thickens, and the crow Makes wing to the rooky wood. Shak.

   2.  The  substance  of  trees and the like; the hard fibrous substance
   which  composes  the  body  of  a  tree and its branches, and which is
   covered  by  the  bark; timber. "To worship their own work in wood and
   stone for gods." Milton.

   3.  (Bot.) The fibrous material which makes up the greater part of the
   stems and branches of trees and shrubby plants, and is found to a less
   extent  in  herbaceous  stems.  It  consists  of  elongated tubular or
   needle-shaped  cells  of  various  kinds,  usually interwoven with the
   shinning bands called silver grain.

     NOTE: &hand; Wo od co nsists chiefly of the carbohydrates cellulose
     and lignin, which are isomeric with starch.

   4. Trees cut or sawed for the fire or other uses.
   Wood acid, Wood vinegar (Chem.), a complex acid liquid obtained in the
   dry  distillation  of  wood, and containing large quantities of acetic
   acid;  hence,  specifically, acetic acid. Formerly called pyroligneous
   acid.  -- Wood anemone (Bot.), a delicate flower (Anemone nemorosa) of
   early  spring;  --  also called windflower. See Illust. of Anemone. --
   Wood  ant  (Zo\'94l.), a large ant (Formica rufa) which lives in woods
   and  forests,  and  constructs  large nests. -- Wood apple (Bot.). See
   Elephant  apple, under Elephant. -- Wood baboon (Zo\'94l.), the drill.
   --  Wood  betony.  (Bot.)  (a) Same as Betony. (b) The common American
   lousewort   (Pedicularis   Canadensis),  a  low  perennial  herb  with
   yellowish or purplish flowers. -- Wood borer. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The larva
   of  any  one  of  numerous  species  of  boring beetles, esp. elaters,
   longicorn beetles, buprestidans, and certain weevils. See Apple borer,
   under  Apple, and Pine weevil, under Pine. (b) The larva of any one of
   various  species of lepidopterous insects, especially of the clearwing
   moths,  as  the  peach-tree  borer  (see under Peach), and of the goat
   moths.  (c) The larva of various species of hymenopterous of the tribe
   Urocerata.  See  Tremex.  (d)  Any one of several bivalve shells which
   bore in wood, as the teredos, and species of Xylophaga. (e) Any one of
   several  species  of  small Crustacea, as the Limnoria, and the boring
   amphipod (Chelura terebrans). -- Wood carpet, a kind of floor covering
   made  of  thin  pieces  of  wood  secured to a flexible backing, as of
   cloth. Knight. -- Wood cell (Bot.), a slender cylindrical or prismatic
   cell  usually  tapering  to  a point at both ends. It is the principal
   constituent  of  woody  fiber. -- Wood choir, the choir, or chorus, of
   birds  in the woods. [Poetic] Coleridge. -- Wood coal, charcoal; also,
   lignite,  or  brown coal. -- Wood cricket (Zo\'94l.), a small European
   cricket  (Nemobius  sylvestris).  --  Wood culver (Zo\'94l.), the wood
   pigeon.  -- Wood cut, an engraving on wood; also, a print from such an
   engraving.  --  Wood  dove (Zo\'94l.), the stockdove. -- Wood drink, a
   decoction  or infusion of medicinal woods. -- Wood duck (Zo\'94l.) (a)
   A  very  beautiful  American  duck  (Aix sponsa). The male has a large
   crest, and its plumage is varied with green, purple, black, white, and
   red.  It builds its nest in trees, whence the name. Called also bridal
   duck, summer duck, and wood widgeon. (b) The hooded merganser. (c) The
   Australian  maned  goose  (Chlamydochen jubata). -- Wood echo, an echo
   from  the  wood.  --  Wood  engraver.  (a)  An  engraver  on wood. (b)
   (Zo\'94l.) Any of several species of small beetles whose larv\'91 bore
   beneath the bark of trees, and excavate furrows in the wood often more
   or   less   resembling   coarse   engravings;   especially,  Xyleborus
   xylographus.  -- Wood engraving. (a) The act or art engraving on wood;
   xylography.  (b)  An engraving on wood; a wood cut; also, a print from
   such an engraving. -- Wood fern. (Bot.) See Shield fern, under Shield.
   --  Wood  fiber. (a) (Bot.) Fibrovascular tissue. (b) Wood comminuted,
   and  reduced  to  a powdery or dusty mass. -- Wood fretter (Zo\'94l.),
   any  one  of  numerous  species  of beetles whose larv\'91 bore in the
   wood, or beneath the bark, of trees. -- Wood frog (Zo\'94l.), a common
   North American frog (Rana sylvatica) which lives chiefly in the woods,
   except during the breeding season. It is drab or yellowish brown, with
   a black stripe on each side of the head. -- Wood germander. (Bot.) See
   under  Germander.  --  Wood god, a fabled sylvan deity. -- Wood grass.
   (Bot.)   See   under   Grass.  --  Wood  grouse.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The
   capercailzie.  (b)  The  spruce  partridge.  See under Spruce. -- Wood
   guest  (Zo\'94l.),  the ringdove. [Prov. Eng.] -- Wood hen. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  Any one of several species of Old World short-winged rails of the
   genus  Ocydromus,  including  the  weka  and  allied  species. (b) The
   American  woodcock.  --  Wood  hoopoe  (Zo\'94l.),  any one of several
   species  of  Old  World arboreal birds belonging to Irrisor and allied
   genera.  They  are  closely  allied  to  the common hoopoe, but have a
   curved  beak,  and  a longer tail. -- Wood ibis (Zo\'94l.), any one of
   several  species  of large, long-legged, wading birds belonging to the
   genus  Tantalus.  The head and neck are naked or scantily covered with
   feathers.  The  American  wood  ibis (Tantalus loculator) is common in
   Florida.  --  Wood  lark  (Zo\'94l.),  a  small  European lark (Alauda
   arborea),  which,  like,  the  skylark,  utters its notes while on the
   wing.  So  called  from its habit of perching on trees. -- Wood laurel
   (Bot.),  a European evergreen shrub (Daphne Laureola). -- Wood leopard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a European spotted moth (Zeuzera \'91sculi) allied to the
   goat  moth.  Its  large  fleshy  larva bores in the wood of the apple,
   pear,  and  other  fruit  trees.  -- Wood lily (Bot.), the lily of the
   valley.  --  Wood  lock  (Naut.),  a  piece  of  wood close fitted and
   sheathed with copper, in the throating or score of the pintle, to keep
   the  rudder  from  rising.  --  Wood  louse  (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any one of
   numerous species of terrestrial isopod Crustacea belonging to Oniscus,
   Armadillo,  and  related genera. See Sow bug, under Sow, and Pill bug,
   under  Pill.  (b)  Any  one  of  several  species  of small, wingless,
   pseudoneuropterous insects of the family Psocid\'91, which live in the
   crevices  of walls and among old books and papers. Some of the species
   are  called  also  book lice, and deathticks, or deathwatches. -- Wood
   mite  (Zo\'94l.),  any  one  of  numerous  small  mites  of the family
   Oribatid\'91.  They  are  found  chiefly  in woods, on tree trunks and
   stones.  --  Wood mote. (Eng. Law) (a) Formerly, the forest court. (b)
   The  court  of attachment. -- Wood nettle. (Bot.) See under Nettle. --
   Wood  nightshade  (Bot.),  woody  nightshade.  -- Wood nut (Bot.), the
   filbert.  --  Wood  nymph.  (a) A nymph inhabiting the woods; a fabled
   goddess  of  the woods; a dryad. "The wood nymphs, decked with daisies
   trim." Milton. (b) (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species of handsomely
   colored  moths  belonging  to  the  genus  Eudryas.  The  larv\'91 are
   bright-colored,  and  some  of  the  species, as Eudryas grata, and E.
   unio,  feed  on the leaves of the grapevine. (c) (Zo\'94l.) Any one of
   several  species  of  handsomely  colored South American humming birds
   belonging to the genus Thalurania. The males are bright blue, or green
   and blue. -- Wood offering, wood burnt on the altar.

     We cast the lots . . . for the wood offering. Neh. x. 34.

   --  Wood  oil (Bot.), a resinous oil obtained from several East Indian
   trees  of  the genus Dipterocarpus, having properties similar to those
   of  copaiba,  and  sometimes  substituted  for it. It is also used for
   mixing  paint.  See  Gurjun. -- Wood opal (Min.), a striped variety of
   coarse  opal,  having  some  resemblance to wood. -- Wood paper, paper
   made  of  wood pulp. See Wood pulp, below. -- Wood pewee (Zo\'94l.), a
   North   American  tyrant  flycatcher  (Contopus  virens).  It  closely
   resembles the pewee, but is smaller. -- Wood pie (Zo\'94l.), any black
   and   white   woodpecker,   especially   the  European  great  spotted
   woodpecker. -- Wood pigeon. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any one of numerous species
   of  Old  World  pigeons belonging to Palumbus and allied genera of the
   family  Columbid\'91.  (b) The ringdove. -- Wood puceron (Zo\'94l.), a
   plant  louse.  --  Wood pulp (Technol.), vegetable fiber obtained from
   the  poplar and other white woods, and so softened by digestion with a
   hot solution of alkali that it can be formed into sheet paper, etc. It
   is now produced on an immense scale. -- Wood quail (Zo\'94l.), any one
   of several species of East Indian crested quails belonging to Rollulus
   and  allied  genera,  as the red-crested wood quail (R. roulroul), the
   male  of  which  is  bright  green,  with a long crest of red hairlike
   feathers.  --  Wood  rabbit  (Zo\'94l.),  the  cottontail. -- Wood rat
   (Zo\'94l.),  any  one  of several species of American wild rats of the
   genus Neotoma found in the Southern United States; -- called also bush
   rat.  The  Florida  wood  rat  (Neotoma  Floridana)  is the best-known
   species.  --  Wood reed grass (Bot.), a tall grass (Cinna arundinacea)
   growing  in  moist  woods. -- Wood reeve, the steward or overseer of a
   wood.  [Eng.]  --  Wood  rush  (Bot.),  any plant of the genus Luzula,
   differing  from  the true rushes of the genus Juncus chiefly in having
   very  few  seeds in each capsule. -- Wood sage (Bot.), a name given to
   several  labiate  plants of the genus Teucrium. See Germander. -- Wood
   screw,  a  metal  screw formed with a sharp thread, and usually with a
   slotted head, for insertion in wood. -- Wood sheldrake (Zo\'94l.), the
   hooded merganser. -- Wood shock (Zo\'94l.), the fisher. See Fisher, 2.
   --  Wood  shrike  (Zo\'94l.), any one of numerous species of Old World
   singing  birds  belonging  to  Grallina,  Collyricincla, Prionops, and
   allied  genera,  common in India and Australia. They are allied to the
   true  shrikes,  but feed upon both insects and berries. -- Wood snipe.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The American woodcock. (b) An Asiatic snipe (Gallinago
   nemoricola).  --  Wood  soot,  soot  from  burnt  wood.  -- Wood sore.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See  Cuckoo  spit,  under Cuckoo. -- Wood sorrel (Bot.), a
   plant  of  the genus Oxalis (Oxalis Acetosella), having an acid taste.
   See  Illust.  (a)  of  Shamrock.  --  Wood  spirit. (Chem.) See Methyl
   alcohol,  under  Methyl.  -- Wood stamp, a carved or engraved block or
   stamp  of  wood,  for impressing figures or colors on fabrics. -- Wood
   star  (Zo\'94l.),  any  one of several species of small South American
   humming  birds  belonging  to  the  genus  Calothorax.  The male has a
   brilliant  gorget  of  blue,  purple, and other colors. -- Wood sucker
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  yaffle.  --  Wood  swallow  (Zo\'94l.),  any  one of
   numerous  species  of Old World passerine birds belonging to the genus
   Artamus  and  allied genera of the family Artamid\'91. They are common
   in  the  East  Indies,  Asia,  and  Australia. In form and habits they
   resemble  swallows,  but  in structure they resemble shrikes. They are
   usually  black above and white beneath. -- Wood tapper (Zo\'94l.), any
   woodpecker. -- Wood tar. See under Tar. -- Wood thrush, (Zo\'94l.) (a)
   An  American thrush (Turdus mustelinus) noted for the sweetness of its
   song.  See  under  Thrush. (b) The missel thrush. -- Wood tick. See in
   Vocabulary.  --  Wood  tin.  (Min.). See Cassiterite. -- Wood titmouse
   (Zo\'94l.), the goldcgest. -- Wood tortoise (Zo\'94l.), the sculptured
   tortoise. See under Sculptured. -- Wood vine (Bot.), the white bryony.
   -- Wood vinegar. See Wood acid, above. -- Wood warbler. (Zo\'94l.) (a)
   Any  one  of  numerous  species  of  American  warblers  of  the genus
   Dendroica.   See   Warbler.   (b)  A  European  warbler  (Phylloscopus
   sibilatrix); -- called also green wren, wood wren, and yellow wren. --
   Wood  worm  (Zo\'94l.),  a  larva that bores in wood; a wood borer. --
   Wood wren. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The wood warbler. (b) The willow warbler.


   Wood  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Wooded; p. pr. & vb. n. Wooding.] To
   supply with wood, or get supplies of wood for; as, to wood a steamboat
   or a locomotive.

   Page 1663


   Wood (?), v. i. To take or get a supply of wood.


   Wood"bind` (?), n. Woodbine. Dryden.

     A garland . . . of woodbind or hawthorn leaves. Chaucer.


   Wood"bine`  (?),  n.  [AS.  wudubind black ivy; -- so named as binding
   about  trees.  See  Wood, and Bind, v. t.] (Bot.) (a) A climbing plant
   having   flowers  of  great  fragrance  (Lonicera  Periclymenum);  the
   honeysuckle.  (b)  The  Virginia  creeper. See Virginia creeper, under
   Virginia. [Local, U. S.]

     Beatrice, who even now Is couched in the woodbine coverture. Shak.


   Wood"-bound` (?), a. Incumbered with tall, woody hedgerows.


   Wood"bur*y-type`   (?),  n.  [After  the  name  of  the  inventor,  W.

   1.  A  process  in photographic printing, in which a relief pattern in
   gelatin,  which has been hardened after certain operations, is pressed
   upon  a  plate  of lead or other soft metal. An intaglio impression in
   thus  produced,  from which pictures may be directly printed, but by a
   slower process than in common printing.

   2. A print from such a plate.


   Wood"chat`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  Any  one  of several species of
   Asiatic  singing  birds belonging to the genera Ianthia and Larvivora.
   They  are  closely allied to the European robin. The males are usually
   bright  blue  above,  and  more  or  less red or rufous beneath. (b) A
   European shrike (Enneoctonus rufus). In the male the head and nape are
   rufous red; the back, wings, and tail are black, varied with white.


   Wood"chuck` (?), n.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A common large North American marmot (Arctomys monax).
   It is usually reddish brown, more or less grizzled with gray. It makes
   extensive  burrows,  and  is  often injurious to growing crops. Called
   also ground hog.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The yaffle, or green woodpecker. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wood"cock` (?), n. [AS. wuducoc.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of several species of long-billed limicoline
   birds  belonging to the genera Scolopax and Philohela. They are mostly
   nocturnal in their habits, and are highly esteemed as game birds.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e most important species are the European (Scolopax
     rusticola) and the American woodcock (Philohela minor), which agree
     very closely in appearance and habits.

   2. Fig.: A simpleton. [Obs.]

     If I loved you not, I would laugh at you, and see you Run your neck
     into the noose, and cry, "A woodcock!" Beau. & Fl.

   Little  woodcock.  (a)  The  common  American  snipe. (b) The European
   snipe.  --  Sea  woodcock fish, the bellows fish. -- Woodcock owl, the
   short-eared  owl  (Asio  brachyotus).  -- Woodcock shell, the shell of
   certain mollusks of the genus Murex, having a very long canal, with or
   without spines. -- Woodcock snipe. See under Snipe.


   Wood"crack`er (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The nuthatch. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wood"craft`  (?),  n. Skill and practice in anything pertaining to the
   woods, especially in shooting, and other sports in the woods.

     Men  of the glade and forest! leave Your woodcraft for the field of
     fight. Bryant.


   Wood"cut` (?), n. An engraving on wood; also, a print from it. Same as
   Wood cut, under Wood.


   Wood"cut`ter (?), n.

   1. A person who cuts wood.

   2. An engraver on wood. [R.]


   Wood"cut`ting, n.

   1. The act or employment of cutting wood or timber.

   2. The act or art of engraving on wood. [R.]


   Wood"ed,  a.  Supplied or covered with wood, or trees; as, land wooded
   and watered.

     The  brook escaped from the eye down a deep and wooded dell. Sir W.


   Wood"en (?), a.

   1. Made or consisting of wood; pertaining to, or resembling, wood; as,
   a wooden box; a wooden leg; a wooden wedding.

   2. Clumsy; awkward; ungainly; stiff; spiritless.

     When  a  bold  man  is  out  of countenance, he makes a very wooden
     figure on it. Collier.

     His singing was, I confess, a little wooden. G. MacDonald.

   Wooden  spoon. (a) (Cambridge University, Eng.) The last junior optime
   who takes a university degree, -- denoting one who is only fit to stay
   at  home  and stir porridge. "We submit that a wooden spoon of our day
   would  not  be  justified  in  calling  Galileo  and Napier blockheads
   because  they never heard of the differential calculus." Macaulay. (b)
   In  some  American  colleges, the lowest appointee of the junior year;
   sometimes,  one  especially popular in his class, without reference to
   scholarship.  Formerly,  it  was a custom for classmates to present to
   this  person  a wooden spoon with formal ceremonies. -- Wooden ware, a
   general  name  for buckets, bowls, and other articles of domestic use,
   made of wood. -- Wooden wedding. See under Wedding.


   Wood"en*ly (?), adv. Clumsily; stupidly; blockishly. R. North.


   Wood"en*ness,  n.  Quality  of  being  wooden;  clumsiness; stupidity;

     We  set  our  faces against the woodenness which then characterized
     German philology. Sweet.

                             Woodhack, Woodhacker

   Wood"hack`  (?),  Wood"hack`er  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) The yaffle. [Prov.


   Wood"new`er (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A woodpecker.


   Wood"hole` (?), n. A place where wood is stored.


   Wood"house`  (?),  n.  A  house  or  shed in which wood is stored, and
   sheltered from the weather.


   Wood"i*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being woody. Evelyn.


   Wood"knack`er (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The yaffle.


   Wood"land  (?),  n.  Land  covered with wood or trees; forest; land on
   which trees are suffered to grow, either for fuel or timber.

     Here  hills  and  vales, the woodland and the plain, Here earth and
     water seem to strive again. Pope.

     Woodlands and cultivated fields are harmoniously blended. Bancroft.


   Wood"land (?), a. Of or pertaining to woods or woodland; living in the
   forest; sylvan.

     She had a rustic, woodland air. Wordsworth.

     Like summer breeze by woodland stream. Keble.

   Woodland caribou. (Zo\'94l.) See under Caribou.


   Wood"land*er (?), n. A dweller in a woodland.


   Wood"-lay`er  (?),  n. (Bot.) A young oak, or other timber plant, laid
   down in a hedge among the whitethorn or other plants used in hedges.


   Wood"less,   a.  Having  no  wood;  destitute  of  wood.  Mitford.  --
   Wood"less*ness, n.


   Wood"ly,  adv.  In  a  wood,  mad, or raving manner; madly; furiously.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wood"man (?), n.; pl. Woodmen (. [Written also woodsman.]

   1.  A  forest  officer  appointed  to take care of the king's woods; a
   forester. [Eng.]

   2. A sportsman; a hunter.

     [The duke] is a better woodman than thou takest him for. Shak.

   3. One who cuts down trees; a woodcutter.

     Woodman, spare that tree. G. P. Morris.

   4. One who dwells in the woods or forest; a bushman.


   Wood"meil (?), n. See Wadmol.


   Wood"mon`ger (?), n. A wood seller. [Obs.]


   Wood"ness,  n. [From Wood mad.] Anger; madness; insanity; rage. [Obs.]

     Woodness laughing in his rage. Chaucer.


   Wood"-note` (?), n. [Wood, n. + note.] A wild or natural note, as of a
   forest bird. [R.]

     Or   sweetest   Shakespeare,   fancy's  child,  Warble  his  native
     wood-notes wild. Milton.


   Wood"peck` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A woodpecker. [Obs.]


   Wood"peck`er  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  numerous  species of
   scansorial  birds  belonging  to  Picus  and many allied genera of the
   family Picid\'91.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ese bi rds have the tail feathers pointed and rigid
     at  the  tip  to aid in climbing, and a strong chisellike bill with
     which they are able to drill holes in the bark and wood of trees in
     search  of  insect  larv\'91 upon which most of the species feed. A
     few  species  feed  partly  upon  the sap of trees (see Sap sucker,
     under  Sap),  others spend a portion of their time on the ground in
     search  of ants and other insects. The most common European species
     are  the greater spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopus major), the lesser
     spotted  woodpecker (D. minor), and the green woodpecker, or yaffle
     (see  Yaffle).  The  best-known  American  species are the pileated
     woodpecker   (see  under  Pileated),  the  ivory-billed  woodpecker
     (Campephilus  principalis),  which  is  one  of  the  largest known
     species,   the   red-headed  woodpecker,  or  red-head  (Melanerpes
     erythrocephalus),  the  red-bellied  woodpecker (M. Carolinus) (see
     Chab),  the  superciliary  woodpecker (M. superciliaris), the hairy
     woodpecker   (Dryobates   villosus),   the   downy  woodpecker  (D.
     pubescens),  the  three-toed, woodpecker (Picoides Americanus), the
     golden-winged  woodpecker  (see  Flicker), and the sap suckers. See
     also Carpintero.

   Woodpecker  hornbill  (Zo\'94l.),  a  black and white Asiatic hornbill
   (Buceros pica) which resembles a woodpecker in color.


   Wood"rock` (?), n. (Min.) A compact woodlike variety of asbestus.

                              Woodruff, Woodroof

   Wood"ruff`  (?),  Wood"roof`  (?), n. [AS. wudurofe. See Wood, n., and
   cf.  Ruff  a  plaited collar.] (Bot.) A little European herb (Asperula
   odorata)  having  a pleasant taste. It is sometimes used for flavoring
   wine. See Illust. of Whorl.


   Wood"-sare`  (?), n. [Wood + Prov. E. sare for sore.] (Bot.) A kind of
   froth seen on herbs. [Obs.]


   Wood"-sere`  (?),  n.  The  time  when  there no sap in the trees; the
   winter season. [Written also wood-seer.] [Obs.] Tusser.


   Woods"man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Woodsmen  (. A woodman; especially, one who
   lives in the forest.

                                 Wood's metal

   Wood's"  met"al (?). A fusible alloy consisting of one or two parts of
   cadmium,  two  parts of tin, four of lead, with seven or eight part of
   bismuth.  It  melts  at  from  66  to 71 C. See Fusible metal, under


   Wood"stone`  (?), n. (Min.) A striped variety of hornstone, resembling
   wood in appearance.


   Woods"y  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to the woods or forest. [Colloq. U.

     It [sugar making] is woodsy, and savors of trees. J. Burroughs.

                                   Wood tick

   Wood" tick` (?). (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species of ticks of the
   genus   Ixodes  whose  young  cling  to  bushes,  but  quickly  fasten
   themselves  upon  the  bodies  of  any  animal with which they come in
   contact.  When  they  attach  themselves  to the human body they often
   produce  troublesome  sores. The common species of the Northern United
   States is Ixodes unipunctata.


   Wood"wall`  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The yaffle. [Written also woodwale, and


   Wood"ward`  (?),  n. (Eng. Forest Law) An officer of the forest, whose
   duty it was to guard the woods.


   Wood*war"di*a  (?),  n.  [NL.  After  Thomas  J.  Woodward, an English
   botanist.]  (Bot.)  A genus of ferns, one species of which (Woodwardia
   radicans) is a showy plant in California, the Azores, etc.

                        Wood-wash, Wood-wax, Wood-waxen

   Wood"-wash` (?), Wood"-wax` (?), Wood"-wax`en (?), n. [AS. wuduweaxe.]
   (Bot.) Same as Woadwaxen.


   Wood"work` (?), n. Work made of wood; that part of any structure which
   is  wrought  of  wood.  <--  Fig.  the  hidden parts of a building, as
   between the walls. Out of the woodwork. Appearing suddenly, as if from
   within the walls. -->


   Wood"worm` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Wood worm, under Wood.


   Wood"y (?), a.

   1.   Abounding  with  wood  or  woods;  as,  woody  land.  "The  woody
   wilderness." Bryant.

     Secret shades Of woody Ida's inmost grove. Milton.

   2.  Consisting  of,  or containing, wood or woody fiber; ligneous; as,
   the woody parts of plants.

   3.  Of  or  pertaining  to  woods;  sylvan.  [R.]  "Woody nymphs, fair
   Hamadryades." Spenser.
   Woody  fiber.  (Bot.)  (a)  Fiber  or  tissue  consisting  of slender,
   membranous  tubes  tapering  at  each end. (b) A single wood cell. See
   under  Wood.  Goodale. -- Woody nightshade. (Bot.). See Bittersweet, 3
   (a).  --  Woody pear (Bot.), the inedible, woody, pear-shaped fruit of
   several Australian proteaceous trees of the genus Xylomelum; -- called
   also wooden pear.


   Woo"er  (?),  n.  [AS. w&omac;gere. See Woo, v. t.] One who wooes; one
   who courts or solicits in love; a suitor. "A thriving wooer." Gibber.


   Woof  (?),  n.  [OE.  oof, AS. , , \'beweb; on, an, on + wef, web, fr.
   wefan to weave. The initial w is due to the influence of E. weave. See
   On, Weave, and cf. Abb.]

   1.  The  threads  that cross the warp in a woven fabric; the weft; the
   filling; the thread usually carried by the shuttle in weaving.

   2. Texture; cloth; as, a pall of softest woof. Pope.


   Woo"fell  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The European blackbird. "The woofell near
   at hand that hath a golden bill." Drayton.


   Woof"y  (?),  a.  Having a close texture; dense; as, a woofy cloud. J.


   Woo`hoo" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The sailfish.


   Woo"ing*ly   (?),   adv.   In   a   wooing  manner;  enticingly;  with
   persuasiveness. Shak.


   Wook" (?), obs. imp. of Wake. Woke. Chaucer.


   Wool  (?), n. [OE. wolle, wulle, AS. wull; akin to D. wol, OHG. wolla,
   G.  wolle,  Icel. & Sw. ull, Dan. uld, Goth, wulla, Lith. vilna, Russ.
   volna, L. vellus, Skr. wool, Flannel, Velvet.]

   1.  The  soft  and  curled, or crisped, species of hair which grows on
   sheep  and  some  other  animals,  and  which  in  fineness  sometimes
   approaches to fur; -- chiefly applied to the fleecy coat of the sheep,
   which  constitutes  a  most essential material of clothing in all cold
   and temperate climates.

     NOTE: &hand; Wool consists essentially of keratin.

   2. Short, thick hair, especially when crisped or curled.

     Wool of bat and tongue of dog. Shak.

   3.  (Bot.) A sort of pubescence, or a clothing of dense, curling hairs
   on the surface of certain plants.
   Dead  pulled  wool,  wool  pulled from a carcass. -- Mineral wool. See
   under  Mineral.  --  Philosopher's wool. (Chem.) See Zinc oxide, under
   Zinc.  --  Pulled wool, wool pulled from a pelt, or undressed hide. --
   Slag  wool.  Same as Mineral wool, under Mineral. -- Wool ball, a ball
   or  mass  of wool. -- Wool burler, one who removes little burs, knots,
   or  extraneous  matter,  from wool, or the surface of woolen cloth. --
   Wool  comber.  (a) One whose occupation is to comb wool. (b) A machine
   for  combing  wool.  --  Wool grass (Bot.), a kind of bulrush (Scirpus
   Eriophorum)  with numerous clustered woolly spikes. -- Wool scribbler.
   See  Woolen  scribbler,  under  Woolen,  a.  --  Wool sorter's disease
   (Med.), a disease, resembling malignant pustule, occurring among those
   who handle the wool of goats and sheep. -- Wool staple, a city or town
   where wool used to be brought to the king's staple for sale. [Eng.] --
   Wool  stapler.  (a)  One  who  deals  in  wool. (b) One who sorts wool
   according  to its staple, or its adaptation to different manufacturing
   purposes.  -- Wool winder, a person employed to wind, or make up, wool
   into bundles to be packed for sale.


   Woold (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Woolded; p. pr. & vb. n. Woolding.] [D.
   woelen,  bewoelen;  akin  to G. wuhlen, bewuhlen. \'fb146.] (Naut.) To
   wind,  or  wrap;  especially,  to wind a rope round, as a mast or yard
   made  of  two or more pieces, at the place where it has been fished or
   scarfed, in order to strengthen it.

   Page 1664


   Woold"er (?), n.

   1. (Naut.) A stick used to tighten the rope in woolding.

   2. (Rope Making) One of the handles of the top, formed by a wooden pin
   passing through it. See 1st Top, 2.


   Woold"ing, n. (Naut.) (a) The act of winding or wrapping anything with
   a rope, as a mast. (b) A rope used for binding masts and spars.


   Wool"-dyed`  (?), a. Dyed before being made into cloth, in distinction
   from piece-dyed; ingrain.


   Wooled (?), a. Having (such) wool; as, a fine-wooled sheep.


   Wool"en  (?), a. [OE. wollen; cf. AS. wyllen. See Wool.] [Written also

   1. Made of wool; consisting of wool; as, woolen goods.

   2. Of or pertaining to wool or woolen cloths; as, woolen manufactures;
   a woolen mill; a woolen draper.
   Woolen  scribbler,  a  machine  for combing or preparing wool in thin,
   downy, translucent layers.


   Wool"en, n. [Written also woollen.] Cloth made of wool; woollen goods.


   Wool`en*et"  (?),  n.  A  thin,  light  fabric  of wool. [Written also
   woollenet, woolenette, and woollenette.]


   Woo"lert  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) The barn owl. [Prov. Eng.] [Written also
   oolert, and owlerd.]


   Wool"fell`  (?), n. [Wool + fell a skin.] A skin with the wool; a skin
   from  which  the  wool  has  not been sheared or pulled. [Written also


   Wool"gath`er*ing  (?),  a.  Indulging in a vagrant or idle exercise of
   the imagination; roaming upon a fruitless quest; idly fanciful.


   Wool"gath`er*ing,  n.  Indulgence  in  idle  imagination; a foolish or
   useless pursuit or design.

     His wits were a woolgathering, as they say. Burton.


   Wool"grow`er  (?), n. One who raises sheep for the production of wool.
   -- Wool"grow`ing, n.


   Wool"-hall` (?), n. A trade market in the woolen districts. [Eng.]


   Wool"head` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The buffel duck.


   Wool"li*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being woolly.


   Wool"ly, a.

   1. Consisting of wool; as, a woolly covering; a woolly fleece.

   2. Resembling wool; of the nature of wool. "My fleece of woolly hair."

   3. Clothed with wool. "Woolly breeders." Shak.

   4. (Bot.) Clothed with a fine, curly pubescence resembling wool.
   Woolly bear (Zo\'94l.), the hairy larva of several species of bombycid
   moths. The most common species in the United States are the salt-marsh
   caterpillar  (see under Salt), the black and red woolly bear, or larva
   of  the  Isabella  moth  (see  Illust.,  under Isabella Moth), and the
   yellow  woolly  bear,  or larva of the American ermine moth (Spilosoma
   Virginica).  --  Woolly  butt  (Bot.),  an Australian tree (Eucalyptus
   longifolia),  so  named  because  of its fibrous bark. -- Woolly louse
   (Zo\'94l.), a plant louse (Schizoneura, OR Erisoma, lanigera) which is
   often  very  injurious  to  the apple tree. It is covered with a dense
   coat  of  white  filaments somewhat resembling fine wool or cotton. In
   exists  in  two  forms,  one of which infests the roots, the other the
   branches.  See  Illust. under Blight. -- Woolly macaco (Zo\'94l.), the
   mongoose lemur. -- Woolly maki (Zo\'94l.), a long-tailed lemur (Indris
   laniger)  native  of  Madagascar,  having  fur  somewhat like wool; --
   called  also avahi, and woolly lemur. -- Woolly monkey (Zo\'94l.), any
   South  American  monkey  of  the  genus  Lagothrix, as the caparro. --
   Woolly   rhinoceros   (Paleon.),  an  extinct  rhinoceros  (Rhinoceros
   tichorhinus)  which inhabited the arctic regions, and was covered with
   a  dense  coat  of woolly hair. It has been found frozen in the ice of
   Siberia, with the flesh and hair well preserved.


   Wool"ly-head` (?), n. A negro. [Low]


   Wool"man (?), n.; pl. Woolmen (. One who deals in wool.


   Wool"pack`  (?),  n.  A  pack  or bag of wool weighing two hundred and
   forty pounds.


   Wool"sack`  (?),  n.  A sack or bag of wool; specifically, the seat of
   the  lord  chancellor of England in the House of Lords, being a large,
   square sack of wool resembling a divan in form.


   Wool"sey (?), n. [From Wool.] Linsey-woolsey.


   Wool"stock` (?), n. A heavy wooden hammer for milling cloth.


   Wool"ward  (?), adv. [Wool + -ward.] In wool; with woolen raiment next
   the skin. [Obs.]


   Wool"ward-go`ing  (?), n. A wearing of woolen clothes next the skin as
   a matter of penance. [Obs.]

     Their . . . woolward-going, and rising at midnight. Tyndale.


   Woon (?), n. Dwelling. See Wone. [Obs.]


   Woo"ra*li (?), n. Same as Curare.


   Woos"y (?), a. Oozy; wet. [Obs.] Drayton.


   Wootz  (w&oomac;ts), n. [Perhaps a corruption of Canarese ukku steel.]
   A  species  of  steel imported from the East Indies, valued for making
   edge  tools;  Indian  steel. It has in combination a minute portion of
   alumina and silica.


   Woo"yen (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Yuen.


   Wo"pen (?), obs. p. p. of Weep. Wept. Chaucer.


   Wor"ble (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Wormil.


   Word (?), n. [AS. word; akin to OFries. & OS. word, D. woord, G. wort,
   Icel.  or&edh;,  Sw.  & Dan. ord, Goth. wa\'a3rd, OPruss. wirds, Lith.
   vardas  a name, L. verbum a word; or perhaps to Gr. "rh`twr an orator.
   Cf. Verb.]

   1.  The spoken sign of a conception or an idea; an articulate or vocal
   sound, or a combination of articulate and vocal sounds, uttered by the
   human  voice,  and  by  custom  expressing  an idea or ideas; a single
   component  part  of  human speech or language; a constituent part of a
   sentence; a term; a vocable. "A glutton of words." Piers Plowman.

     You  cram  these  words  into  mine ears, against The stomach of my
     sense. Shak.

     Amongst  men  who  confound  their  ideas with words, there must be
     endless disputes. Locke.

   2.  Hence,  the  written  or  printed  character,  or  combination  of
   characters, expressing such a term; as, the words on a page.

   3. pl. Talk; discourse; speech; language.

     Why should calamity be full of words? Shak.

     Be  thy  words  severe;  Sharp as he merits, but the sword forbear.

   4. Account; tidings; message; communication; information; -- used only
   in the singular.

     I pray you . . . bring me word thither How the world goes. Shak.

   5. Signal; order; command; direction.

     Give the word through. Shak.

   6.  Language  considered  as  implying  the  faith or authority of the
   person who utters it; statement; affirmation; declaration; promise.

     Obey thy parents; keep thy word justly. Shak.

     I know you brave, and take you at your word. Dryden.

     I desire not the reader should take my word. Dryden.

   7. pl. Verbal contention; dispute.

     Some words there grew 'twixt Somerset and me. Shak.

   8.  A brief remark or observation; an expression; a phrase, clause, or
   short sentence.

     All the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; Thou shalt love
     thy neighbor as thyself. Gal. v. 14.

     She  said;  but  at  the  happy word "he lives," My father stooped,
     re-fathered, o'er my wound. Tennyson.

     There  is  only  one other point on which I offer a word of remark.

   By word of mouth, orally; by actual speaking. Boyle. -- Compound word.
   See  under Compound, a. -- Good word, commendation; favorable account.
   "And  gave  the  harmless  fellow  a  good  word." Pope. -- In a word,
   briefly; to sum up. -- In word, in declaration; in profession. "Let us
   not  love  in word, . . . but in deed and in truth." 1 John iii. 8. --
   Nuns  of  the  Word Incarnate (R. C. Ch.), an order of nuns founded in
   France  in 1625, and approved in 1638. The order, which also exists in
   the  United  States,  was instituted for the purpose of doing honor to
   the  "Mystery  of  the Incarnation of the Son of God." -- The word, OR
   The  Word. (Theol.) (a) The gospel message; esp., the Scriptures, as a
   revelation of God. "Bold to speak the word without fear." Phil. i. 14.
   (b)  The second person in the Trinity before his manifestation in time
   by  the incarnation; among those who reject a Trinity of persons, some
   one  or all of the divine attributes personified. John i. 1. -- To eat
   one's  words, to retract what has been said. -- To have the words for,
   to  speak  for; to act as spokesman. [Obs.] "Our host hadde the wordes
   for  us  all."  Chaucer.  --  Word  blindness (Physiol.), inability to
   understand  printed  or  written words or symbols, although the person
   affected  may  be  able  to  see quite well, speak fluently, and write
   correctly.  Landois & Stirling. -- Word deafness (Physiol.), inability
   to  understand  spoken words, though the person affected may hear them
   and  other sounds, and hence is not deaf. -- Word dumbness (Physiol.),
   inability  to  express  ideas  in verbal language, though the power of
   speech  is unimpaired. -- Word for word, in the exact words; verbatim;
   literally;  exactly;  as,  to  repeat  anything word for word. -- Word
   painting,  the  act of describing an object fully and vividly by words
   only,  so as to present it clearly to the mind, as if in a picture. --
   Word  picture,  an  accurate  and vivid description, which presents an
   object  clearly  to  the  mind,  as if in a picture. -- Word square, a
   series  of  words  so  arranged  that  they can be read vertically and
   horizontally with like results. Syn. -- See Term.


   Word, v. i. To use words, as in discussion; to argue; to dispute. [R.]


   Word, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Worded; p. pr. & vb. n. Wording.]

   1. To express in words; to phrase.

     The  apology  for  the  king  is  the same, but worded with greater
     deference to that great prince. Addison.

   2.  To  ply  with  words; also, to cause to be by the use of a word or
   words. [Obs.] Howell.

   3. To flatter with words; to cajole. [Obs.] Shak.
   To  word  it,  to  bandy  words; to dispute. [Obs.] "To word it with a
   shrew." L'Estrange.
   Word"book`   (?),   n.  [Cf.  D.  woordenboek,  G.  w\'94rterbuch.]  A
   collection of words; a vocabulary; a dictionary; a lexicon. 


   Word"-catch`er (?), n. One who cavils at words.


   Word"er (?), n. A speaker. [Obs.] Withlock.


   Word"i*ly (?), adv. In a wordy manner.


   Word"i*ness, n. The quality or state of being wordy, or abounding with
   words; verboseness. Jeffrey.


   Word"ing,  n.  The  act  or  manner  of  expressing in words; style of
   expression; phrasing.

     It is believed this wording was above his known style. Milton.


   Word"ish,  a.  Respecting  words;  full  of  words; wordy. [R.] Sir P.
   Sidney. -- Word"ish*ness, n.

     The truth they hide by their dark woordishness. Sir K. Digby.


   Wor"dle (?), n. One of several pivoted pieces forming the throat of an
   adjustable die used in drawing wire, lead pipe, etc. Knight.


   Word"less  (?),  a. Not using words; not speaking; silent; speechless.


   Words"man  (?),  n.  One  who  deals  in  words,  or  in mere words; a
   verbalist. [R.] "Some speculative wordsman." H. Bushnell.


   Word"y (?), a. [Compar. Wordier (?); superl. Wordiest.]

   1. Of or pertaining to words; consisting of words; verbal; as, a wordy
   war. Cowper.

   2. Using many words; verbose; as, a wordy speaker.

   3. Containing many words; full of words.

     We need not lavish hours in wordy periods. Philips.


   Wore (?), imp. of Wear.


   Wore, imp. of Ware.


   Work  (?), n. [OE. work, werk, weork, AS. weorc, worc; akin to OFries.
   werk,  wirk,  OS.,  D., & G. werk, OHG. werc, werah, Icel. & Sw. verk,
   Dan.  v\'91rk,  Goth. gawa\'a3rki, Gr. verez to work. Bulwark, Energy,
   Erg, Georgic, Liturgy, Metallurgy, Organ, Surgeon, Wright.]

   1.  Exertion of strength or faculties; physical or intellectual effort
   directed  to an end; industrial activity; toil; employment; sometimes,
   specifically, physically labor.

     Man hath his daily work of body or mind Appointed. Milton.

   2.  The  matter  on  which  one is at work; that upon which one spends
   labor;  material  for  working  upon;  subject  of exertion; the thing
   occupying  one;  business;  duty;  as,  to take up one's work; to drop
   one's work.

     Come  on,  Nerissa;  I  have work in hand That you yet know not of.

     In every work that he began . . . he did it with all his heart, and
     prospered. 2 Chron. xxxi. 21.

   3.   That   which  is  produced  as  the  result  of  labor;  anything
   accomplished  by  exertion  or  toil;  product;  performance;  fabric;
   manufacture;  in  a  more  general  sense, act, deed, service, effect,
   result, achievement, feat.

     To leave no rubs or blotches in the work. Shak.

     The work some praise, And some the architect. Milton.

     Fancy . . . Wild work produces oft, and most in dreams. Milton.

     The  composition  or dissolution of mixed bodies . . . is the chief
     work of elements. Sir K. Digby.

   4.  Specifically:  (a)  That  which  is  produced  by  mental labor; a
   composition;  a  book;  as,  a  work,  or  the  works, of Addison. (b)
   Flowers, figures, or the like, wrought with the needle; embroidery.

     I  am glad I have found this napkin; . . . I'll have the work ta'en
     out, And give 't Iago. Shak.

   (c) pl. Structures in civil, military, or naval engineering, as docks,
   bridges,  embankments,  trenches,  fortifications, and the like; also,
   the  structures and grounds of a manufacturing establishment; as, iron
   works;  locomotive  works;  gas  works.  (d) pl. The moving parts of a
   mechanism; as, the works of a watch.

   5.  Manner  of  working;  management;  treatment;  as, unskillful work
   spoiled the effect. Bp. Stillingfleet.

   6. (Mech.) The causing of motion against a resisting force. The amount
   of  work  is  proportioned  to, and is measured by, the product of the
   force  into the amount of motion along the direction of the force. See
   Conservation  of energy, under Conservation, Unit of work, under Unit,
   also Foot pound, Horse power, Poundal, and Erg.

     Energy is the capacity of doing work . . . Work is the transference
     of energy from one system to another. Clerk Maxwell.

   7. (Mining) Ore before it is dressed. Raymond.

   8. pl. (Script.) Performance of moral duties; righteous conduct.

     He shall reward every man according to his works. Matt. xvi. 27.

     Faith, if it hath not works, is dead. James ii. 17.

   Muscular  work (Physiol.), the work done by a muscle through the power
   of  contraction.  --  To  go  to  work, to begin laboring; to commence
   operations; to contrive; to manage. "I 'll go another way to work with
   him."  Shak.  -- To set on work, to cause to begin laboring; to set to
   work.  [Obs.] Hooker. -- To set to work, to employ; to cause to engage
   in any business or labor.


   Work  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Worked (?), or Wrought (; p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Working.]  [AS.  wyrcean  (imp.  worthe,  wrohte,  p.  p. geworht,
   gewroht);  akin  to  OFries.  werka, wirka, OS. wirkian, D. werken, G.
   wirken,  Icel.  verka,  yrkja,  orka,  Goth. wa\'a3rkjan. \'fb145. See
   Work, n.]

   1.  To  exert  one's  self  for a purpose; to put forth effort for the
   attainment of an object; to labor; to be engaged in the performance of
   a task, a duty, or the like.

     O thou good Kent, how shall I live and work, To match thy goodness?

     Go  therefore now, and work; for there shall no straw be given you.
     Ex. v. 18.

     Whether  we work or play, or sleep or wake, Our life doth pass. Sir
     J. Davies.

   2.  Hence,  in  a general sense, to operate; to act; to perform; as, a
   machine works well.

     We bend to that the working of the heart. Shak.

   3.  Hence, figuratively, to be effective; to have effect or influence;
   to conduce.

     We  know  that  all things work together for good to them that love
     God. Rom. viii. 28.

     This  so  wrought  upon the child, that afterwards he desired to be
     taught. Locke.

     She  marveled  how  she  could ever have been wrought upon to marry
     him. Hawthorne.

   4.  To  carry  on  business; to be engaged or employed customarily; to
   perform the part of a laborer; to labor; to toil.

     They that work in fine flax . . . shall be confounded. Isa. xix. 9.

   5.  To  be in a state of severe exertion, or as if in such a state; to
   be  tossed  or  agitated;  to move heavily; to strain; to labor; as, a
   ship works in a heavy sea.

     Confused with working sands and rolling waves. Addison.

   6.  To make one's way slowly and with difficulty; to move or penetrate
   laboriously;  to proceed with effort; -- with a following preposition,
   as down, out, into, up, through, and the like; as, scheme works out by
   degrees; to work into the earth.

     Till  body  up to spirit work, in bounds Proportioned to each kind.

   7. To ferment, as a liquid.

     The working of beer when the barm is put in. Bacon.

   8. To act or operate on the stomach and bowels, as a cathartic.

     Purges . . . work best, that is, cause the blood so to do, . . . in
     warm weather or in a warm room. Grew.

   Page 1665

   To work at, to be engaged in or upon; to be employed in. -- To work to
   windward  (Naut.),  to  sail  or  ply  against  the  wind;  to tack to
   windward. Mar. Dict.


   Work (?), v. t.

   1.  To  labor  or  operate  upon;  to  give exertion and effort to; to
   prepare for use, or to utilize, by labor.

     He  could  have  told them of two or three gold mines, and a silver
     mine,  and  given  the reason why they forbare to work them at that
     time. Sir W. Raleigh.

   2. To produce or form by labor; to bring forth by exertion or toil; to
   accomplish;  to  originate; to effect; as, to work wood or iron into a
   form desired, or into a utensil; to work cotton or wool into cloth.

     Each herb he knew, that works or good or ill. Harte.

   3.  To  produce  by  slow  degrees,  or  as  if  laboriously; to bring
   gradually  into  any state by action or motion. "Sidelong he works his
   way." Milton.

     So  the  pure,  limpid  stream,  when  foul  with stains Of rushing
     torrents  and descending rains, Works itself clear, and as it runs,
     refines, Till by degrees the floating mirror shines. Addison.

   4.  To  influence by acting upon; to prevail upon; to manage; to lead.
   "Work your royal father to his ruin." Philips.

   5. To form with a needle and thread or yarn; especially, to embroider;
   as, to work muslin.

   6.  To  set  in  motion or action; to direct the action of; to keep at
   work; to govern; to manage; as, to work a machine.

     Knowledge in building and working ships. Arbuthnot.

     Now, Marcus, thy virtue's the proof; Put forth thy utmost strength,
     work every nerve. Addison.

     The  mariners  all 'gan work the ropes, Where they were wont to do.

   7. To cause to ferment, as liquor.
   To  work  a passage (Naut.), to pay for a passage by doing work. -- To
   work  double tides (Naut.), to perform the labor of three days in two;
   --  a  phrase which alludes to a practice of working by the night tide
   as well as by the day. -- To work in, to insert, introduce, mingle, or
   interweave  by  labor  or  skill.  -- To work into, to force, urge, or
   insinuate into; as, to work one's self into favor or confidence. -- To
   work  off, to remove gradually, as by labor, or a gradual process; as,
   beer works off impurities in fermenting. -- To work out. (a) To effect
   by  labor  and  exertion.  "Work  out your own salvation with fear and
   trembling." Phil. ii. 12. (b) To erase; to efface. [R.]
     Tears  of  joy  for  your returning spilt, Work out and expiate our
     former guilt. Dryden.
   (c)  To solve, as a problem. (d) To exhaust, as a mine, by working. --
   To  work  up.  (a) To raise; to excite; to stir up; as, to work up the
   passions to rage.

     The  sun,  that  rolls  his chariot o'er their heads, Works up more
     fire and color in their cheeks. Addison.

   (b)  To  expend in any work, as materials; as, they have worked up all
   the  stock.  (c) (Naut.) To make over or into something else, as yarns
   drawn  from  old  rigging, made into spun yarn, foxes, sennit, and the
   like;  also,  to  keep  constantly at work upon needless matters, as a
   crew in order to punish them. R. H. Dana, Jr.


   Work"a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable of being worked, or worth working; as, a
   workable mine; workable clay.


   Work"a*day` (?), n. See Workyday.


   Work"bag`  (?), n. A bag for holding implements or materials for work;
   especially, a reticule, or bag for holding needlework, and the like.


   Work"bas`ket (?), n. A basket for holding materials for needlework, or
   the like.


   Work"bench`  (?),  n.  A  bench  on  which  work is performed, as in a
   carpenter's shop.


   Work"box` (?), n. A box for holding instruments or materials for work.


   Work"day`  (?),  n.  &  a.  [AS.  weorcd\'91g.] A day on which work is
   performed,  as  distinguished  from Sunday, festivals, etc., a working


   Work"er (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, works; a laborer; a performer; as, a worker
   in brass.

     Professors of holiness, but workers of iniquity. Shak.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) One of the neuter, or sterile, individuals of the social
   ants,  bees,  and white ants. The workers are generally females having
   the sexual organs imperfectly developed. See Ant, and White ant, under


   Work"fel`low  (?),  n.  One  engaged  in the same work with another; a
   companion in work.


   Work"folk` (?), n. People that labor.


   Work"ful (?), a. Full of work; diligent. [R.]


   Work"house` (?), n.; pl. Workhouses (#). [AS. weorch.]

   1. A house where any manufacture is carried on; a workshop.

   2. A house in which idle and vicious persons are confined to labor.

   3.  A  house where the town poor are maintained at public expense, and
   provided with labor; a poorhouse.


   Work"ing, a & n. from Work.

     The word must cousin be to the working. Chaucer.

   Working  beam.  See Beam, n. 10. -- Working class, the class of people
   who are engaged in manual labor, or are dependent upon it for support;
   laborers;  operatives;  -- chiefly used in the plural. -- Working day.
   See  under  Day,  n. -- Working drawing, a drawing, as of the whole or
   part  of  a structure, machine, etc., made to a scale, and intended to
   be  followed  by  the  workmen. Working drawings are either general or
   detail  drawings. -- Working house, a house where work is performed; a
   workhouse.  --  Working point (Mach.), that part of a machine at which
   the effect required; the point where the useful work is done.


   Work"ing-day  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to,  or characteristic of, working
   days,  or  workdays;  everyday;  hence,  plodding;  hard-working.<-- =
   workaday? -->

     O, how full of briers in this working-day world. Shak.


   Work"ing*man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Workingmen  (. A laboring man; a man who
   earns his daily support by manual labor.


   Work"less, a.

   1. Without work; not laboring; as, many people were still workless.

   2.  Not carried out in practice; not exemplified in fact; as, workless
   faith. [Obs.] Sir T. More.


   Work"man (?), n.; pl. Workmen (#). [AS. weorcmann.]

   1.  A  man  employed  in  labor, whether in tillage or manufactures; a

   2. Hence, especially, a skillful artificer or laborer.


   Work"man*like`  (?), a. Becoming a workman, especially a skillful one;
   skillful; well performed.


   Work"man*ly, a. Becoming a skillful workman; skillful; well performed;


   Work"man*ly,  adv.  In  a  skillful  manner;  in  a  manner becoming a
   skillful workman. Shak.


   Work"man*ship, n.

   1.  The  art  or skill of a workman; the execution or manner of making

     Due reward For her praiseworthy workmanship to yield. Spenser.

     Beauty  is  nature's  brag,  and must be shown . . . Where most may
     wonder at the workmanship. Milton.

   2.  That  which is effected, made, or produced; manufacture, something
   made by manual labor.

     Not any skilled in workmanship embossed. Spenser.

     By  how  much  Adam  exceeded  all  men in perfection, by being the
     immediate workmanship of God. Sir W. Raleigh.


   Work"mas`ter (?), n. The performer of any work; a master workman. [R.]


   Work"room` (?), n. Any room or apartment used especially for labor.


   Work"ship, n. Workmanship. [R.]


   Work"shop`  (?),  n.  A  shop  where  any  manufacture or handiwork is
   carried on.


   Work"ta`ble  (?),  n.  A  table  for  holding  working  materials  and
   implements;  esp.,  a  small table with drawers and other conveniences
   for needlework, etc.


   Work"wom`an  (?),  n.;  pl.  Workwomen  (, n. A woman who performs any
   work; especially, a woman skilled in needlework.


   Work"y*day`  (?),  n. [See Workday, Workingday.] A week day or working
   day, as distinguished from Sunday or a holiday. Also used adjectively.
   [Written also workiday, and workaday.] [Obs. or Colloq.]

     Prithee, tell her but a workyday fortune. Shak.


   World (?), n. [OE. world, werld, weorld, weoreld, AS. weorold, worold;
   akin  to OS. werold, D. wereld, OHG. weralt, worolt, werolt, werlt, G.
   welt,  Icel.  ver\'94ld,  Sw. verld, Dan. verden; properly, the age of
   man,  lifetime,  humanity;  AS. wer a man + a word akin to E. old; cf.
   AS. yld lifetime, age, ylde men, humanity. Cf. Werewolf, Old.]

   1.  The earth and the surrounding heavens; the creation; the system of
   created things; existent creation; the universe.

     The  invisible  things  of  him  from the creation of the world are
     clearly seen. Rom. 1. 20.

     With  desire to know, What nearer might concern him, how this world
     Of heaven and earth conspicuous first began. Milton.

   2.  Any  planet  or  heavenly  body,  especially  when  considered  as
   inhabited,  and  as  the  scene  of  interests  analogous  with  human
   interests;  as,  a plurality of worlds. "Lord of the worlds above." I.

     Amongst  innumerable  stars, that shone Star distant, but high-hand
     seemed other worlds. Milton.

     There  may  be  other  worlds,  where  the  inhabitants  have never
     violated  their  allegiance  to  their  almighty  Sovereign.  W. B.

   3.  The  earth  and  its  inhabitants, with their concerns; the sum of
   human affairs and interests.

     That  forbidden  tree,  whose  mortal  taste Brought death into the
     world, and all our woe. Milton.

   4. In a more restricted sense, that part of the earth and its concerns
   which  is  known to any one, or contemplated by any one; a division of
   the globe, or of its inhabitants; human affairs as seen from a certain
   position,  or  from  a  given point of view; also, state of existence;
   scene  of  life  and  action;  as,  the  Old World; the New World; the
   religious  world;  the  Catholic  world;  the  upper world; the future
   world; the heathen world.

     One  of  the  greatest  in  the Christian world Shall be my surety.

     Murmuring  that now they must be put to make war beyond the world's
     end -- for so they counted Britain. Milton.

   5.  The  customs,  practices, and interests of men; general affairs of
   life;  human  society; public affairs and occupations; as, a knowledge
   of the world.

     Happy is she that from the world retires. Waller.

     If  knowledge of the world makes man perfidious, May Juba ever live
     in ignorance. Addison.

   6.  Individual  experience  of, or concern with, life; course of life;
   sum of the affairs which affect the individual; as, to begin the world
   with no property; to lose all, and begin the world anew.

   7.  The  inhabitants  of the earth; the human race; people in general;
   the public; mankind.

     Since  I  do  purpose to marry, I will think nothing to any purpose
     that the world can say against it. Shak.

     Tell  me,  wench,  how  will the world repute me For undertaking so
     unstaid a journey? Shak.

   8. The earth and its affairs as distinguished from heaven; concerns of
   this life as distinguished from those of the life to come; the present
   existence  and  its  interests; hence, secular affairs; engrossment or
   absorption  in  the  affairs  of  this  life;  worldly corruption; the
   ungodly or wicked part of mankind.

     I  pray  not  for the world, but for them which thou hast given me;
     for they are thine. John xvii. 9.

     Love  not  the  world, neither the things that are in the world. If
     any  man  love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. For
     all  that  is  in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of
     the  eyes,  and  the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of
     the world. 1 John ii. 15, 16.

   9.  As  an emblem of immensity, a great multitude or quantity; a large
   number.  "A world of men." Chapman. "A world of blossoms for the bee."

     Nor doth this wood lack worlds of company. Shak.

     A world of woes dispatched in little space. Dryden.

   All . . . in the world, all that exists; all that is possible; as, all
   the  precaution  in the world would not save him. -- A world to see, a
   wonder to see; something admirable or surprising to see. [Obs.]

     O,  you  are  novices;  't is a world to see How tame, when men and
     women  are  alone,  A  meacock  wretch can make the curstest shrew.

   --   For   all   the  world.  (a)  Precisely;  exactly.  (b)  For  any
   consideration. -- Seven wonders of the world. See in the Dictionary of
   Noted  Names  in Fiction. -- To go to the world, to be married. [Obs.]
   "Thus  goes every one to the world but I . . . ; I may sit in a corner
   and cry heighho for a husband!" Shak. -- World's end, the end, or most
   distant  part,  of  the  world; the remotest regions. -- World without
   end,  eternally; forever; everlastingly; as if in a state of existence
   having no end.

     Throughout all ages, world without end. Eph. iii. 21.


   World"li*ness  (?),  n.  The  quality  of being worldly; a predominant
   passion  for  obtaining  the  good  things of this life; covetousness;
   addictedness to gain and temporal enjoyments; worldly-mindedness.


   World"ling  (?),  [World  +  -ling.]  A  person whose soul is set upon
   gaining  temporal  possessions;  one  devoted  to  this  world and its

     A foutre for the world and worldlings base. Shak.

     If we consider the expectations of futurity, the worldling gives up
     the argument. Rogers.

     And worldlings blot the temple's gold. Keble.


   World"ly, a. [AS. woroldlic.]

   1.  Relating  to the world; human; common; as, worldly maxims; worldly
   actions. "I thus neglecting worldly ends." Shak.

     Many years it hath continued, standing by no other worldly mean but
     that one only hand which erected it. Hooker.

   2.  Pertaining  to  this  world or life, in contradistinction from the
   life  to  come;  secular;  temporal;  devoted  to  this  life  and its
   enjoyments;  bent  on  gain; as, worldly pleasures, affections, honor,
   lusts, men.

     With his soul fled all my worldly solace. Shak.

   3. Lay, as opposed to clerical. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   World"ly, adv. With relation to this life; in a worldly manner.

     Subverting worldly strong and worldly wise By simply meek. Milton.


   World"ly-mind`ed  (?), a. Devoted to worldly interests; mindful of the
   affairs  of  the  present  life, and forgetful of those of the future;
   loving  and pursuing this world's goods, to the exclusion of piety and
   attention to spiritual concerns. -- World"ly*mind`ed*ness, n.


   World"-wide`  (?),  a.  Extended  throughout the world; as, world-wide
   fame. Tennyson.


   World"ly*wise` (?), a. Wise in regard to things of this world. Bunyan.


   Worm (w&ucir;rm), n. [OE. worm, wurm, AS. wyrm; akin to D. worm, OS. &
   G.  wurm,  Icel. ormr, Sw. & Dan. orm, Goth. wa\'a3rms, L. vermis, Gr.
   Vermicelli, Vermilion, Vermin.]

   1.  A creeping or a crawling animal of any kind or size, as a serpent,
   caterpillar, snail, or the like. [Archaic]

     There came a viper out of the heat, and leapt on his hand. When the
     men  of  the country saw the worm hang on his hand, they said, This
     man must needs be a murderer. Tyndale (Acts xxviii. 3, 4).

     'T  is  slander, Whose edge is sharper than the sword, whose tongue
     Outvenoms all the worms of Nile. Shak.

     When Cerberus perceived us, the great worm, His mouth he opened and
     displayed his tusks. Longfellow.

   2. Any small creeping animal or reptile, either entirely without feet,
   or  with very short ones, including a great variety of animals; as, an
   earthworm;  the  blindworm. Specifically: (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any helminth;
   an  entozo\'94n. (b) Any annelid. (c) An insect larva. (d) pl. Same as

   3.  An internal tormentor; something that gnaws or afflicts one's mind
   with remorse.

     The worm of conscience still begnaw thy soul! Shak.

   4. A being debased and despised.

     I am a worm, and no man. Ps. xxii. 6.

   5.  Anything  spiral,  vermiculated, or resembling a worm; as: (a) The
   thread of a screw.

     The  threads  of  screws,  when  bigger  than  can be made in screw
     plates, are called worms. Moxon.

   (b)  A spiral instrument or screw, often like a double corkscrew, used
   for  drawing  balls from firearms. (c) (Anat.) A certain muscular band
   in  the  tongue of some animals, as the dog; the lytta. See Lytta. (d)
   The  condensing  tube  of a still, often curved and wound to economize
   space.  See Illust. of Still. (e) (Mach.) A short revolving screw, the
   threads of which drive, or are driven by, a worm wheel by gearing into
   its  teeth  or  cogs. See Illust. of Worm gearing, below. Worm abscess
   (Med.),  an  abscess  produced  by  the  irritation resulting from the
   lodgment  of a worm in some part of the body. -- Worm fence. See under
   Fence.  --  Worm  gear. (Mach.) (a) A worm wheel. (b) Worm gearing. --
   Worm  gearing,  gearing  consisting  of  a worm and worm wheel working
   together. -- Worm grass. (Bot.) (a) See Pinkroot, 2 (a). (b) The white
   stonecrop  (Sedum album) reputed to have qualities as a vermifuge. Dr.
   Prior.  -- Worm oil (Med.), an anthelmintic consisting of oil obtained
   from  the  seeds of Chenopodium anthelminticum. -- Worm powder (Med.),
   an  anthelmintic  powder.  -- Worm snake. (Zo\'94l.) See Thunder snake
   (b), under Thunder. -- Worm tea (Med.), an anthelmintic tea or tisane.
   --  Worm  tincture  (Med.), a tincture prepared from dried earthworms,
   oil  of  tartar, spirit of wine, etc. [Obs.] -- Worm wheel, a cogwheel
   having  teeth formed to fit into the spiral spaces of a screw called a
   worm,  so  that  the wheel may be turned by, or may turn, the worm; --
   called  also  worm  gear,  and sometimes tangent wheel. See Illust. of
   Worm gearing, above.
   Page 1666
   Worm (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Wormed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Worming.] To
   work slowly, gradually, and secretly. 

     When  debates  and  fretting  jealousy Did worm and work within you
     more and more, Your color faded. Herbert.


   Worm, v. t.

   1.  To  effect,  remove,  drive, draw, or the like, by slow and secret
   means; -- often followed by out.

     They find themselves wormed out of all power. Swift.

     They  .  .  . wormed things out of me that I had no desire to tell.

   2.  To clean by means of a worm; to draw a wad or cartridge from, as a
   firearm. See Worm, n. 5 (b).

   3.  To cut the worm, or lytta, from under the tongue of, as a dog, for
   the  purpose  of  checking  a  disposition  to gnaw. The operation was
   formerly supposed to guard against canine madness.

     The  men  assisted  the  laird  in his sporting parties, wormed his
     dogs, and cut the ears of his terrier puppies. Sir W. Scott.

   4.  (Naut.)  To  wind  rope,  yarn, or other material, spirally round,
   between the strands of, as a cable; to wind with spun yarn, as a small

     Ropes . . . are generally wormed before they are served. Totten.

   <--  5.  to  treat  [an animal] with a medicine to eliminate parasitic
   worms --> To worm one's self into, to enter into gradually by arts and
   insinuations; as, to worm one's self into favor.
   Wor"mal (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Wormil. 


   Worm"-eat`en (?), a.

   1. Eaten, or eaten into, by a worm or by worms; as, worm-eaten timber.

     Concave as a covered goblet, or a worm-eaten nut. Shak.

   2.    Worn-out;    old;   worthless.   [R.]   Sir   W.   Raleigh.   --
   Worm"-eat`en*ness, n. [R.] Dr. John Smith.


   Wormed  (?), a. Penetrated by worms; injured by worms; worm-eaten; as,
   wormed timber.


   Worm"hole` (?), n. A burrow made by a worm.


   Wor"mi*an (?), a. (Anat.) Discovered or described by Olanus Wormius, a
   Danish  anatomist. Wormian bones, small irregular plates of bone often
   interposed in the sutures between the large cranial bones.


   Wor"mil (?), n. [Cf. 1st Warble.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) Any botfly larva which burrows in or beneath the skin of
   domestic  and  wild  animals,  thus  producing  sores.  They belong to
   various  species  of  Hypoderma and allied genera. Domestic cattle are
   often infested by a large species. See Gadfly. Called also warble, and
   worble. [Written also wormal, wormul, and wornil.]

   2. (Far.) See 1st Warble, 1 (b).


   Worm"ling (?), n. A little worm.

     O  dusty  wormling!  dost  thou strive and stand With heaven's high
     monarch? Sylvester.


   Worm"seed`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  Any  one of several plants, as Artemisia
   santonica,  and  Chenopodium  anthelminticum,  whose  seeds  have  the
   property  of expelling worms from the stomach and intestines. Wormseed
   mustard, a slender, cruciferous plant (Erysinum cheiranthoides) having
   small lanceolate leaves.


   Worm"-shaped` (?), a. Shaped like a worm; as, a worm-shaped root.


   Worm"-shell` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any species of Vermetus.


   Wor"mul (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Wornil.


   Worm"wood  (?),  n.  [AS.  werm,  akin  to OHG. wermuota, wormuota, G.
   wermuth, wermut; of uncertain origin.]

   1.  (Bot.)  A  composite plant (Artemisia Absinthium), having a bitter
   and slightly aromatic taste, formerly used as a tonic and a vermifuge,
   and  to  protect  woolen  garments  from  moths. It gives the peculiar
   flavor  to the cordial called absinthe. The volatile oil is a narcotic
   poison. The term is often extended to other species of the same genus.

   2. Anything very bitter or grievous; bitterness.

     Lest  there  should  be  among  you  a  root  that beareth gall and
     wormwood. Deut. xxix. 18.

   Roman  wormwood (Bot.), an American weed (Ambrosia artemisi\'91folia);
   hogweed.  --  Tree  wormwood  (Bot.), a species of Artemisia (probably
   Artemisia variabilis) with woody stems. -- Wormwood hare (Zo\'94l.), a
   variety  of  the  common  hare  (Lepus  timidus); -- so named from its


   Worm"y (?), a. [Compar. Wormier (?); superl. Wormiest.]

   1. Containing a worm; abounding with worms. "Wormy beds." Shak.

   2. Like or pertaining to a worm; earthy; groveling.


   Worn  (?), p. p. of Wear. Worn land, land that has become exhausted by
   tillage, or which for any reason has lost its fertility.


   Wor"nil (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Wormil.


   Worn"-out`  (?),  a.  Consumed,  or  rendered useless, by wearing; as,
   worn-out garments.

                                Worral, Worrel

   Wor"ral  (?),  Wor"rel  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  An Egyptian fork-tongued
   lizard, about four feet long when full grown.


   Wor"ri*er (?), n. One who worries.


   Wor"ri*ment  (?), n. [See Worry.] Trouble; anxiety; worry. [Colloq. U.


   Wor"ri*some  (?), a. Inclined to worry or fret; also, causing worry or


   Wor"rit (?), v. t. To worry; to annoy. [Illiterate]


   Wor"rit, n. Worry; anxiety. [Illiterate]


   Wor"ry  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Worried  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Worrying.]   [OE.   worowen,   wirien,  to  strangle,  AS.  wyrgan  in
   \'bewyrgan;  akin  to  D. worgen, wurgen, to strangle, OHG. wurgen, G.
   w\'81rgen, Lith. verszti, and perhaps to E. wring.]

   1.  To  harass  by pursuit and barking; to attack repeatedly; also, to
   tear or mangle with the teeth.

     A  hellhound  that doth hunt us all to death; That dog that had his
     teeth  before  his eyes, To worry lambs and lap their gentle blood.

   2.  To  harass  or beset with importunity, or with care an anxiety; to
   vex;  to  annoy; to torment; to tease; to fret; to trouble; to plague.
   "A church worried with reformation." South.

     Let them rail, And worry one another at their pleasure. Rowe.

     Worry him out till he gives consent. Swift.

   3. To harass with labor; to fatigue. [Colloq.]


   Wor"ry  (?),  v.  i.  To  feel  or  express undue care and anxiety; to
   manifest  disquietude  or pain; to be fretful; to chafe; as, the child
   worries; the horse worries.


   Wor"ry,  n.;  pl.  Worries  (. A state of undue solicitude; a state of
   disturbance  from care and anxiety; vexation; anxiety; fret; as, to be
   in  a  worry.  "The  whir  and  worry  of spindle and of loom." Sir T.


   Wor"ry*ing*ly, adv. In a worrying manner.


   Worse  (?),  a., compar. of Bad. [OE. werse, worse, wurse, AS. wiersa,
   wyrsa,  a  comparative  with  no  corresponding  positive; akin to OS.
   wirsa,  OFries.  wirra,  OHG. wirsiro, Icel. verri, Sw. v\'84rre, Dan.
   v\'84rre, Goth. wa\'a1rsiza, and probably to OHG. werran to bring into
   confusion, E. war, and L. verrere to sweep, sweep along. As bad has no
   comparative and superlative, worse and worst are used in lieu of them,
   although etymologically they have no relation to bad.] Bad, ill, evil,
   or  corrupt,  in  a  greater  degree;  more  bad  or  evil; less good;
   specifically,  in poorer health; more sick; -- used both in a physical
   and moral sense.

     Or worse, if men worse can devise. Chaucer.

     [She] was nothing bettered, but rather grew worse. Mark v. 26.

     Evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse. 2 Tim. iii. 13.

     There  are  men  who seem to believe they are not bad while another
     can be found worse. Rambler.

     "But I love him." "Love him? Worse and worse." Gay.


   Worse, n.

   1.  Loss;  disadvantage;  defeat.  "Judah  was put to the worse before
   Israel." Kings xiv. 12.

   2.  That  which is worse; something less good; as, think not the worse
   of him for his enterprise.


   Worse,  adv.  [AS.  wiers,  wyrs; akin to OS. & OHG. wirs, Icel. verr,
   Goth,  wa\'a1rs;  a comparative adverb with no corresponding positive.
   See Worse, a.] In a worse degree; in a manner more evil or bad.

     Now will we deal worse with thee than with them. Gen. xix. 9.


   Worse,  v.  t.  [OE.  wursien,  AS.  wyrsian to become worse.] To make
   worse; to put disadvantage; to discomfit; to worst. See Worst, v.

     Weapons more violent, when next we meet, May serve to better us and
     worse our foes. Milton.


   Wors"en (?), v. t.

   1. To make worse; to deteriorate; to impair.

     It  is apparent that, in the particular point of which we have been
     conversing, their condition is greatly worsened. Southey.

   2. To get the better of; to worst. [R.]


   Wors"en, v. i. To grow or become worse. De Quincey.

     Indifferent  health,  which  seemed  rather to worsen than improve.


   Wors"er (?), a. Worse. [R.]

     Thou dost deserve a worser end. Beau. & Fl.

     From worser thoughts which make me do amiss. Bunyan.

     A dreadful quiet felt, and, worser far Than arms, a sullen interval
     of war. Dryden.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is old and redundant form of the comparative occurs
     occasionally  in  the  best  authors, although commonly accounted a
     vulgarism.  It has, at least, the analogy of lesser to sanction its
     issue.  See  Lesser.  "The experience of man's worser nature, which
     intercourse  with ill-chosen associates, by choice or circumstance,
     peculiarly teaches."



   Wor"ship  (?),  n.  [OE.  worshipe, wur&edh;scipe, AS. weor&edh;scipe;
   weor&edh; worth + -scipe -ship. See Worth, a., and -ship.]

   1. Excellence of character; dignity; worth; worthiness. [Obs.] Shak.

     A man of worship and honour. Chaucer.

     Elfin,  born of noble state, And muckle worship in his native land.

   2. Honor; respect; civil deference. [Obs.]

     Of which great worth and worship may be won. Spenser.

     Then  shalt  thou  have worship in the presence of them that sit at
     meat with thee. Luke xiv. 10.

   3.  Hence,  a title of honor, used in addresses to certain magistrates
   and others of rank or station.

     My father desires your worships' company. Shak.

   4.  The  act  of  paying divine honors to the Supreme Being; religious
   reverence and homage; adoration, or acts of reverence, paid to God, or
   a  being  viewed  as  God.  "God  with idols in their worship joined."

     The  worship of God is an eminent part of religion, and prayer is a
     chief part of religious worship. Tillotson.

   5.   Obsequious   or   submissive   respect;  extravagant  admiration;

     'T  is  your inky brows, your black silk hair, Your bugle eyeballs,
     nor your cheek of cream, That can my spirits to your worship. Shak.

   6. An object of worship.

     In  attitude  and  aspect formed to be At once the artist's worship
     and despair. Longfellow.

   Devil worship, Fire worship, Hero worship, etc. See under Devil, Fire,
   Hero, etc.


   Wor"ship,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Worshiped (?) OR Worshipped; p. pr. &
   vb. n. Worshiping OR Worshipping.]

   1.  To  respect;  to  honor; to treat with civil reverence. [Obsoles.]

     Our grave . . . shall have a tongueless mouth, Not worshiped with a
     waxen epitaph. Shak.

     This holy image that is man God worshipeth. Foxe.

   2.  To  pay  divine  honors  to; to reverence with supreme respect and
   veneration;  to  perform religious exercises in honor of; to adore; to

     But God is to be worshiped. Shak.

     When all our fathers worshiped stocks and stones. Milton.

   3.  To honor with extravagant love and extreme submission, as a lover;
   to adore; to idolize.

     With bended knees I daily worship her. Carew.

   Syn. -- To adore; revere; reverence; bow to; honor.


   Wor"ship  (?),  v. i. To perform acts of homage or adoration; esp., to
   perform religious service.

     Our  fathers  worshiped  in  this  mountain;  and  ye  say  that in
     Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship. John iv. 20.

     Was  it  for  this  I  have  loved  . . . and worshiped in silence?


   Wor`ship*a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  of  being  worthy  to  be
   worshiped. [R.] Coleridge.


   Wor"ship*a*ble  (?), a. Capable of being worshiped; worthy of worship.
   [R.] Carlyle.


   Wor"ship*er  (?),  n.  One who worships; one who pays divine honors to
   any being or thing; one who adores. [Written also worshipper.]


   Wor"ship*ful  (?), a. Entitled to worship, reverence, or high respect;
   claiming respect; worthy of honor; -- often used as a term of respect,
   sometimes ironically. "This is worshipful society." Shak.

     [She is] so dear and worshipful. Chaucer.

   -- Wor"ship*ful*ly, adv. -- Wor"ship*ful*ness, n.


   Worst  (?), a., superl. of Bad. [OE. werst, worste, wurste, AS. wyrst,
   wierst,  wierrest.  See  Worse,  a.]  Bad, evil, or pernicious, in the
   highest  degree,  whether  in  a  physical  or moral sense. See Worse.
   "Heard so oft in worst extremes." Milton.

     I have a wife, the worst that may be. Chaucer.

     If  thou  hadst  not  been born the worst of men, Thou hadst been a
     knave and flatterer. Shak.


   Worst, n. That which is most bad or evil; the most severe, pernicious,
   calamitous, or wicked state or degree.

     The worst is not So long as we can say, This is the worst. Shak.

     He  is always sure of finding diversion when the worst comes to the
     worst. Addison.


   Worst,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Worsted; p. pr. & vb. n. Worsting.] [See
   Worse,  v. t. & a.] To gain advantage over, in contest or competition;
   to get the better of; to defeat; to overthrow; to discomfit.

     The . . . Philistines were worsted by the captivated ark. South.


   Worst,  v.  i.  To  grow worse; to deteriorate. [R.] "Every face . . .
   worsting." Jane Austen.


   Worst"ed  (?;  277), n. [From Worsted, now spelled Worstead, a town in
   Norfolk, England; for Worthstead. See Worth, n., and Stead.]

   1. Well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool which has been combed to
   lay the fibers parallel, used for carpets, cloth, hosiery, gloves, and
   the like.

   2.  Fine  and  soft woolen yarn, untwisted or lightly twisted, used in
   knitting and embroidery.


   Wort  (?),  n. [OE. wort, wurt, AS. wyrt herb, root; akin to OS. wurt,
   G.  wurz,  Icel.  jurt,  urt,  Dan. urt, Sw. \'94rt, Goth. wa\'a3rts a
   root,  L. radix, Gr. root, n. Cf. Licorice, Orchard, Radish, Root, n.,
   Whortleberry, Wort an infusion of malt.]

   1. (Bot.) A plant of any kind.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd is  now chiefly used in combination, as in
     colewort, figwort, St. John's-wort, woundwort, etc.

   2. pl. Cabbages.


   Wort  (?),  n.  [OE.  worte,  wurte,  AS.  wyrte; akin to OD. wort, G.
   w\'81rze,  bierw\'81rze,  Icel. virtr, Sw. v\'94rt. See Wort an herb.]
   An  infusion  of  malt  which  is  unfermented,  or  is  in the act of
   fermentation;  the  sweet  infusion  of malt, which ferments and forms
   beer; hence, any similar liquid in a state of incipient fermentation.

     NOTE: &hand; Wo rt co nsists es sentially of  a  dilute solution of
     sugar, which by fermentation produces alcohol and carbon dioxide.


   Worth  (?),  v. i. [OE. worthen, wur\'eden, to become, AS. weor\'eban;
   akin  to  OS.  wer\'eban,  D.  worden,  G.  werden, OHG. werdan, Icel.
   ver\'eba,  Sw.  varda,  Goth.  wa\'a1rpan,  L.  vertere  to turn, Skr.
   v\'f0t, v. i., to turn, to roll, to become. \'fb143. Cf. Verse, -ward,
   Weird.]  To be; to become; to betide; -- now used only in the phrases,
   woe  worth  the  day, woe worth the man, etc., in which the verb is in
   the  imperative,  and the nouns day, man, etc., are in the dative. Woe
   be to the day, woe be to the man, etc., are equivalent phrases.

     I counsel . . . to let the cat worthe. Piers Plowman.

     He worth upon [got upon] his steed gray. Chaucer.


   Worth,  a.  [OE.  worth,  wur\'ed, AS. weor\'eb, wurE; akin to OFries.
   werth,  OS.  wer\'eb,  D.  waard,  OHG.  werd,  G.  wert, werth, Icel.
   ver\'ebr,  Sw.  v\'84rd, Dan. v\'91rd, Goth. wa\'a1rps, and perhaps to
   E. wary. Cf. Stalwart, Ware an article of merchandise, Worship.]

   1. Valuable; of worthy; estimable; also, worth while. [Obs.]

     It was not worth to make it wise. Chaucer.

   2.  Equal  in  value  to;  furnishing  an equivalent for; proper to be
   exchanged for.

     A ring he hath of mine worth forty ducats. Shak.

     All  our  doings  without  charity  are  nothing worth. Bk. of Com.

     If  your arguments produce no conviction, they are worth nothing to
     me. Beattie.

   3.  Deserving  of;  --  in  a good or bad sense, but chiefly in a good

     To reign is worth ambition, though in hell. Milton.

     This is life indeed, life worth preserving. Addison.

   4.  Having  possessions equal to; having wealth or estate to the value

     At  Geneva  are  merchants  reckoned  worth  twenty hundred crowns.

   Worth  while,  OR  Worth the while. See under While, n. <-- should add
   separate "worthwhile". See below. -->


   Worth,  n.  [OE.  worth,  wur\'ed,  AS.  weor\'eb,  wur\'eb; weor\'eb,
   wur\'eb, adj. See Worth, a.]

   1. That quality of a thing which renders it valuable or useful; sum of
   valuable  qualities  which  render  anything useful and sought; value;
   hence,  often,  value as expressed in a standard, as money; equivalent
   in exchange; price.

     What  's  worth  in  anything  But  so much money as 't will bring?

   2.  Value  in  respect  of  moral  or  personal qualities; excellence;
   virtue;  eminence;  desert; merit; usefulness; as, a man or magistrate
   of great worth.

     To be of worth, and worthy estimation. Shak.

     As  none  but  she,  who  in  that court did dwell, Could know such
     worth, or worth describe so well. Waller.

     To think how modest worth neglected lies. Shenstone.

   Syn. -- Desert; merit; excellence; price; rate.

   Page 1667


   Worth"ful (?), a. Full of worth; worthy; deserving. Marston.


   Wor"thi*ly  (?),  adv.  In  a  worthy manner; excellently; deservedly;
   according to merit; justly; suitably; becomingly.

     You  worthily succeed not only to the honors of your ancestors, but
     also to their virtues. Dryden.

     Some may very worthily deserve to be hated. South.


   Wor"thi*ness,  n. The quality or state of being worthy; desert; merit;
   excellence; dignity; virtue; worth.

     Who  is  sure  he hath a soul, unless It see, and judge, and follow
     worthiness? Donne.

     She is not worthy to be loved that hath not some feeling of her own
     worthiness. Sir P. Sidney.

     The  prayers  which  our  Savior  made  were for his own worthiness
     accepted. Hooker.


   Worth"less  (?),  a. [AS. weor\'eble\'a0s.] Destitute of worth; having
   no  value,  virtue,  excellence,  dignity,  or  the like; undeserving;
   valueless;  useless;  vile; mean; as, a worthless garment; a worthless
   ship; a worthless man or woman; a worthless magistrate.

     'T is a worthless world to win or lose. Byron.

   -- Worth"less*ly, adv. -- Worth"less*ness, n. <--


   worthwhile,  adj.  Worth  the  time  or effort spent. See worth while.
   worthy. -- worthwhileness. -->


   Wor"thy  (?), a. [Compar. Worthier (; superl. Worthiest.] [OE. worthi,
   wur\'edi,  from  worth, wur\'ed, n.; cf. Icel. ver\'ebugr, D. waardig,
   G. w\'81rdig, OHG. wird\'c6g. See Worth, n.]

   1.  Having worth or excellence; possessing merit; valuable; deserving;
   estimable; excellent; virtuous.

     Full worthy was he in his lordes war. Chaucer.

     These  banished  men  that  I  have kept withal Are men endued with
     worthy qualities. Shak.

     Happier thou mayst be, worthier canst not be. Milton.

     This worthy mind should worthy things embrace. Sir J. Davies.

   2.  Having  suitable,  adapted,  or  equivalent qualities or value; --
   usually  with of before the thing compared or the object; more rarely,
   with  a  following  infinitive instead of of, or with that; as, worthy
   of,  equal in excellence, value, or dignity to; entitled to; meriting;
   -- usually in a good sense, but sometimes in a bad one.

     No, Warwick, thou art worthy of the sway. Shak.

     The merciless Macdonwald, Worthy to be a rebel. Shak.

     Whose shoes I am not worthy to bear. Matt. iii. 11.

     And  thou  art  worthy  that thou shouldst not know More happiness.

     The lodging is well worthy of the guest. Dryden.

   3. Of high station; of high social position. [Obs.]

     Worthy women of the town. Chaucer.

   Worthiest  of blood (Eng. Law of Descent), most worthy of those of the
   same  blood to succeed or inherit; -- applied to males, and expressive
   of the preference given them over females. Burrill.


   Wor"thy,  n.;  pl.  Worthies  (.  A man of eminent worth or value; one
   distinguished   for  useful  and  estimable  qualities;  a  person  of
   conspicuous  desert;  --  much used in the plural; as, the worthies of
   the church; political worthies; military worthies.

     The blood of ancient worthies in his veins. Cowper.


   Wor"thy, v. t. To render worthy; to exalt into a hero. [Obs.] Shak.


   Wost (?), 2d pers. sing. pres. of Wit, to know. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Wot  (?),  1st  &  3d  pers. sing. pres. of Wit, to know. See the Note
   under Wit, v. [Obs.]

     Brethren, I wot that through ignorance ye did it. Acts iii. 17.

                                Wotest, Wottest

   Wot"est (?), Wot"test, 2d pers. sing. pres. of Wit, to know. [Obs.]

                                Woteth, Wotteth

   Wot"eth  (?),  Wot"teth,  3d pers. sing. pres. of Wit, to know. [Obs.]
   "He wotteth neither what he babbleth, nor what he meaneth." Tyndale.


   Woul (?), v. i. To howl. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Would  (?),  imp. of Will. [OE. & AS. wolde. See Will, v. t.] Commonly
   used  as  an  auxiliary  verb,  either  in  the  past  tense or in the
   conditional or optative present. See 2d & 3d Will.

     NOTE: &hand; Would was formerly used also as the past participle of

     Right as our Lord hath would. Chaucer.


   Would (?), n. See 2d Weld.


   Would"-be\'b7 (as, a would-be poet\'3c-- wannabe--\'3e.


   Would"ing,   n.  Emotion  of  desire;  inclination;  velleity.  [Obs.]


   Would"ing*ness, n. Willingness; desire. [Obs.]

                                 Woulfe bottle

   Woulfe"  bot`tle  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A kind of wash bottle with two or
   three necks; -- so called after the inventor, Peter Woulfe, an English


   Wound  (?),  imp.  &  p.  p.  of  Wind  to twist, and Wind to sound by


   Wound  (?;  277),  n.  [OE.  wounde,  wunde, AS. wund; akin to OFries.
   wunde,  OS.  wunda,  D. wonde, OHG. wunta, G. wunde, Icel. und, and to
   AS., OS., & G. wund sore, wounded, OHG. wunt, Goth. wunds, and perhaps
   also to Goth. winnan to suffer, E. win. \'fb140. Cf. Zounds.]

   1.  A hurt or injury caused by violence; specifically, a breach of the
   skin  and  flesh  of an animal, or in the substance of any creature or
   living thing; a cut, stab, rent, or the like. Chaucer.

     Showers  of blood Rained from the wounds of slaughtered Englishmen.

   2.  Fig.: An injury, hurt, damage, detriment, or the like, to feeling,
   faculty, reputation, etc.

   3.  (Criminal  Law)  An  injury  to  the  person  by which the skin is
   divided,  or  its  continuity  broken; a lesion of the body, involving
   some solution of continuity.

     NOTE: &hand; Wa  lker co  ndemns th  e pr onunciation wo ond as  a 
     "capricious  novelty."  It  is  certainly  opposed  to an important
     principle  of our language, namely, that the Old English long sound
     written ou, and pronounced like French ou or modern English oo, has
     regularly  changed,  when  accented,  into  the  diphthongal  sound
     usually  written  with the same letters ou in modern English, as in
     ground,  hound,  round,  sound.  The  use  of  ou in Old English to
     represent  the  sound  of  modern  English oo was borrowed from the
     French,  and replaced the older and Anglo-Saxon spelling with u. It
     makes  no  difference whether the word was taken from the French or
     not,  provided  it  is  old enough in English to have suffered this
     change  to what is now the common sound of ou; but words taken from
     the  French  at a later time, or influenced by French, may have the
     French sound.

   Wound  gall  (Zo\'94l.),  an elongated swollen or tuberous gall on the
   branches  of  the  grapevine,  caused  by a small reddish brown weevil
   (Ampeloglypter sesostris) whose larv\'91 inhabit the galls.


   Wound  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Wounded; p. pr. & vb. n. Wounding.]
   [AS. wundian. \'fb140. See Wound, n.]

   1.  To  hurt by violence; to produce a breach, or separation of parts,
   in, as by a cut, stab, blow, or the like.

     The archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers. 1 Sam.
     xxxi. 3.

   2. To hurt the feelings of; to pain by disrespect, ingratitude, or the
   like; to cause injury to.

     When  ye  sin  so  against  the  brethren,  and  wound  their  weak
     conscience, ye sin against Christ. 1 Cor. viii. 12.


   Wound"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being wounded; vulnerable. [R.] Fuller.


   Wound"er (?), n. One who, or that which, wounds.


   Wound"i*ly (?), adv. In a woundy manner; excessively; woundy. [Obs.]


   Wound"less (?), a. Free from wound or hurt; exempt from being wounded;
   invulnerable. "Knights whose woundless armor rusts." Spenser.

     [Slander] may miss our name, And hit the woundless air. Shak.


   Wound"wort` (?), n. (Bot.) Any one of certain plants whose soft, downy
   leaves  have  been  used for dressing wounds, as the kidney vetch, and
   several species of the labiate genus Stachys.


   Wound"y (?), a. Excessive. [Obs.]

     Such  a world of holidays, that 't a woundy hindrance to a poor man
     that lives by his labor. L'Estrange.


   Wound"y, adv. Excessively; extremely. [Obs.]

     A am woundy cold. Ford.


   Wou"ra*li (?), n. Same as Curare.


   Wou"-wou`  (?),  n. [So called from its cry.] (Zo\'94l.) The agile, or
   silvery,  gibbon;  --  called  also  camper. See Gibbon. [Written also


   Wove (?), p. pr. & rare vb. n. of Weave.


   Wov"en  (?), p. p. of Weave. Woven paper, or Wove paper, writing paper
   having an even, uniform surface, without watermarks.


   Wowe (?), v. t. & i. To woo. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wowf  (?),  a. Disordered or unsettled in intellect; deranged. [Scot.]
   Sir W. Scott.


   Wowke (?), n. Week. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wow"-wow" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Wou-wou.


   Wox (?), obs. imp. of Wax. Gower.


   Wox"en (?), obs. p. p. of Wax. Chaucer.


   Wrack (?), n. A thin, flying cloud; a rack.


   Wrack, v. t. To rack; to torment. [R.]


   Wrack, n. [OE. wrak wreck. See Wreck.]

   1.  Wreck;  ruin;  destruction.  [Obs.]  Chaucer.  "A  world devote to
   universal wrack." Milton.
   <-- used now mainly in the phrase wrack and ruin -->

   2.  Any  marine  vegetation cast up on the shore, especially plants of
   the  genera  Fucus, Laminaria, and Zostera, which are most abundant on
   northern shores.

   3. (Bot.) Coarse seaweed of any kind.
   Wrack grass, or Grass wrack (Bot.), eelgrass.


   Wrack, v. t. To wreck. [Obs.] Dryden.


   Wrack"ful (?), a. Ruinous; destructive. [Obs.]


   Wrain"-bolt` (?), n. Same as Wringbolt.


   Wraith  (?),  n. [Scot. wraith, warth; probably originally, a guardian
   angel, from Icel. v\'94r\'ebr a warden, guardian, akin to E. ward. See
   Ward a guard.]

   1. An apparition of a person in his exact likeness, seen before death,
   or  a  little  after;  hence,  an  apparition; a specter; a vision; an
   unreal image. [Scot.]

     She was uncertain if it were the gypsy or her wraith. Sir W. Scott.

     O, hollow wraith of dying fame. Tennyson.

   2. Sometimes, improperly, a spirit thought to preside over the waters;
   -- called also water wraith. M. G. Lewis.


   Wran"gle  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Wrangled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Wrangling (?).] [OE. wranglen to wrestle. See Wrong, Wring.]

   1. To argue; to debate; to dispute. [Obs.]

   2.  To dispute angrily; to quarrel peevishly and noisily; to brawl; to
   altercate. "In spite of occasional wranglings." Macaulay.

     For a score of kingdoms you should wrangle. Shak.

     He  did  not  know  what  it  was to wrangle on indifferent points.


   Wran"gle,  v.  t. To involve in a quarrel or dispute; to embroil. [R.]
   Bp. Sanderson.


   Wran"gle  (?),  n.  An  angry dispute; a noisy quarrel; a squabble; an
   altercation.  Syn.  --  Altercation;  bickering;  brawl;  jar; jangle;
   contest; controversy. See Altercation.


   Wran"gler (?), n.

   1.  An  angry  disputant;  one  who disputes with heat or peevishness.
   "Noisy and contentious wranglers." I. Watts.

   2.  One  of  those  who  stand  in  the  first  rank  of honors in the
   University  of Cambridge, England. They are called, according to their
   rank,  senior  wrangler,  second  wrangler,  third  wrangler, etc. Cf.


   Wran"gler*ship,  n.  The  honor or position of being a wrangler at the
   University of Cambridge, England.


   Wran"gle*some   (?),   a.   Contentious;   quarrelsome.  [Prov.  Eng.]

                               Wrannock, Wranny

   Wran"nock  (?),  Wran"ny  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) The common wren. [Prov.


   Wrap  (?), v. t. [A corrupt spelling of rap.] To snatch up; transport;
   -- chiefly used in the p. p. wrapt.

     Lo! where the stripling, wrapt in wonder, roves. Beattie.


   Wrap,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Wrapped (?) or Wrapt; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Wrapping.] [OE. wrappen, probably akin to E. warp. \'fb144. Cf. Warp.]

   1. To wind or fold together; to arrange in folds.

     Then  cometh Simon Peter, . . . and seeth . . . the napkin that was
     about  his  head,  not  lying  with  the linen clothes, but wrapped
     together in a place by itself. John xx. 6, 7.

     Like  one  that  wraps the drapery of his couch About him, and lies
     down to pleasant dreams. Bryant.

   2.  To cover by winding or folding; to envelop completely; to involve;
   to infold; -- often with up.

     I . . . wrapt in mist Of midnight vapor, glide obscure. Milton.

   3.  To conceal by enveloping or infolding; to hide; hence, to involve,
   as an effect or consequence; to be followed by.

     Wise poets that wrap truth in tales. Carew.

   To  be  wrapped  up  in,  to  be  wholly  engrossed in; to be entirely
   dependent on; to be covered with.

     Leontine's  young  wife,  in whom all his happiness was wrapped up,
     died in a few days after the death of her daughter. Addison.

     Things  reflected  on in gross and transiently . . . are thought to
     be wrapped up in impenetrable obscurity. Locke.


   Wrap,  n.  A  wrapper; -- often used in the plural for blankets, furs,
   shawls, etc., used in riding or traveling.


   Wrap"page (?; 48), n.

   1. The act of wrapping.

   2. That which wraps; envelope; covering.


   Wrap"per (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, wraps.

   2. That in which anything is wrapped, or inclosed; envelope; covering.

   3.  Specifically,  a loose outer garment; an article of dress intended
   to  be  wrapped round the person; as, a morning wrapper; a gentleman's


   Wrap"ras`cal  (?),  n.  A  kind  of  coarse  upper  coat, or overcoat,
   formerly worn.


   Wrasse  (?),  n. [W. gwrachen.] (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous edible,
   marine,  spiny-finned  fishes  of  the  genus Labrus, of which several
   species  are  found  in the Mediterranean and on the Atlantic coast of
   Europe. Many of the species are bright-colored.

     NOTE: &hand; Am ong th e Eu ropean sp ecies ar e th e ballan wrasse
     (Labrus  maculatus),  the  streaked  wrasse  (L. lineatus), the red
     wrasse   (L.   mixtus),   the   comber   wrasse  (L.  comber),  the
     blue-striped,  or  cook,  wrasse (see Peacock fish, under Peacock),
     the rainbow wrasse (L. vulgaris), and the seawife.


   Wras"tle  (?), v. i. [OE. wrastlen. See Wrestle.] To wrestle. [Obs. or
   Prov. Eng. & Colloq. U.S.]

     Who wrastleth best naked, with oil enoint. Chaucer.


   Wrath (?; 277), n. [OE. wrathe, wra\'ed\'ede, wrethe, wr\'91\'eb\'ebe,
   AS.  wr\'d6\'eb\'ebo,  fr.  wr\'be\'eb  wroth;  akin to Icel. rei\'ebi
   wrath. See Wroth, a.]

   1. Violent anger; vehement exasperation; indignation; rage; fury; ire.

     Wrath is a fire, and jealousy a weed. Spenser.

     When the wrath of king Ahasuerus was appeased. Esther ii. 1.

     Now smoking and frothing Its tumult and wrath in. Southey.

   2.  The  effects  of  anger  or indignation; the just punishment of an
   offense  or  a crime. "A revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth
   evil."  Rom.  xiii.  4.  Syn.  --  Anger;  fury; rage; ire; vengeance;
   indignation; resentment; passion. See Anger.


   Wrath, a. See Wroth. [Obs.]


   Wrath, v. t. To anger; to enrage; -- also used impersonally. [Obs.] "I
   will not wrathen him." Chaucer.

     If him wratheth, be ywar and his way shun. Piers Plowman.


   Wrath"ful (?), a.

   1.  Full  of  wrath; very angry; greatly incensed; ireful; passionate;
   as, a wrathful man.

   2.  Springing  from, or expressing, wrath; as, a wrathful countenance.
   "Wrathful passions." Sprat.
   Syn.  --  Furious; raging; indignant; resentful. -- Wrath"ful*ly, adv.
   -- Wrath"ful*ness, n.


   Wrath"i*ly  (?),  adv.  In  a wrathy manner; very angrily; wrathfully.


   Wrath"less, a. Free from anger or wrath. Waller.


   Wrath"y (?), a. Very angry. [Colloq.]


   Wraw  (?),  a.  [Cf.  dial.  Sw.  vr\'86 willful, disobedient.] Angry;
   vexed; wrathful. [Obs.]

     With this speech the cock wex wroth and wraw. Chaucer.


   Wraw"ful (?), a. Ill-tempered. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wrawl  (?),  v.  i.  [Cf. Dan. vraale, Sw. vr\'86la to brawl, to roar,
   Dan.  vraal a bawling, roaring, vr\'91le to cry, weep, whine.] To cry,
   as a cat; to waul. [Obs.] Spenser.

   Page 1668


   Wraw"ness (?), n. Peevishness; ill temper; anger. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wray  (?),  v.  t.  [AS.  wr  to  accuse.  See  Bewray.] To reveal; to
   disclose. [Obs.]

     To no wight thou shalt this counsel wray. Chaucer.


   Wreak (?), v. i. To reck; to care. [Obs.] Shak.


   Wreak (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wreaked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wreaking.]
   [OE.  wrek  to revenge, punish, drive out, AS. wrecan; akin to OFries.
   wreka,  OS.  wrekan to punish, D. wreken to avenge, G. r\'84chen, OHG.
   rehhan,  Icel.  reka  to  drive,  to  take  vengeance, Goth. wrikan to
   persecute, Lith. vargas distress, vargti to suffer distress, L. urgere
   to drive, urge, Gr. Urge, Wreck, Wretch.]

   1. To revenge; to avenge. [Archaic]

     He should wreake him on his foes. Chaucer.

     Another's wrongs to wreak upon thyself. Spenser.

     Come wreak his loss, whom bootless ye complain. Fairfax.

   2.  To  execute in vengeance or passion; to inflict; to hurl or drive;
   as, to wreak vengeance on an enemy.

     On me let Death wreak all his rage. Milton.

     Now  was the time to be avenged on his old enemy, to wreak a grudge
     of seventeen years. Macaulay.

     But  gather  all  thy powers, And wreak them on the verse that thou
     dost weave. Bryant.


   Wreak,  n.  [Cf. AS. wr\'91c exile, persecution, misery. See Wreak, v.
   t.]  Revenge;  vengeance;  furious  passion;  resentment. [Obs.] Shak.


   Wreak"en (?), obs. p. p. of Wreak. Chaucer.


   Wreak"er (?), n. [See Wreak.] Avenger. [Obs.]

     The stork, the wrekere of avouterye [adultery]. Chaucer.


   Wreak"ful  (?), a. Revengeful; angry; furious. [Obs.] -- Wreak"ful*ly,
   adv. [Obs.]


   Wreak"less, a. Unrevengeful; weak. [Obs.]


   Wreath  (?; 277), n.; pl. Wreaths (#). [OE. wrethe, AS. wr&aemac;&edh;
   a twisted band, fr. wr\'c6&edh;an to twist. See Writhe.]

   1. Something twisted, intertwined, or curled; as, a wreath of smoke; a
   wreath of flowers. "A wrethe of gold." Chaucer.

     [He] of his tortuous train Curled many a wanton wreath. Milton.

   2. A garland; a chaplet, esp. one given to a victor.

     Conquest  doth  grant  He  dear  wreath  to  the Grecian combatant.

     Far back in the ages, The plow with wreaths was crowned. Bryant.

   3.  (Her.) An appendage to the shield, placed above it, and supporting
   the  crest  (see Illust. of Crest). It generally represents a twist of
   two  cords  of silk, one tinctured like the principal metal, the other
   like the principal color in the arms.


   Wreathe  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  Wreathed  (?);  p.  p. Wreathed; Archaic
   Wreathen  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n. Wreathing.] [See Wreath, n.] [Written
   also wreath.]

   1. To cause to revolve or writhe; to twist about; to turn. [Obs.]

     And from so heavy sight his head did wreathe. Spenser.

   2. To twist; to convolve; to wind one about another; to entwine.

     The  nods  and  smiles  of  recognition  into  which  this singular
     physiognomy was wreathed. Sir W. Scott.

     From  his  slack  hand  the  garland wreathed for Eve Down dropped.

   3.  To  surround  with  anything twisted or convolved; to encircle; to

     Each wreathed in the other's arms. Shak.

     Dusk faces with withe silken turbants wreathed. Milton.

     And with thy winding ivy wreathes her lance. Dryden.

   4. To twine or twist about; to surround; to encircle.

     In  the  flowers that wreathe the sparkling bowl, Fell adders hiss.


   Wreathe,  v.  i. To be intewoven or entwined; to twine together; as, a
   bower of wreathing trees. Dryden.


   Wreath"en  (?), a. Twisted; made into a wreath. "Wreathen work of pure
   gold." Ex. xxviii. 22.


   Wreath"less (?), a. Destitute of a wreath.


   Wreath"-shell`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A marine shell of the genus Turbo.
   See Turbo.


   Wreath"y  (?),  a.  Wreathed;  twisted;  curled; spiral; also, full of
   wreaths.  "Wreathy  spires,  and  cochleary  turnings  about."  Sir T.


   Wrec"che (?), n. A wretch. [Obs.]


   Wrec"che, a. Wretched. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wreche (?), n. Wreak. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wreck (?), v. t. & n. See 2d & 3d Wreak.


   Wreck,  n.  [OE.  wrak,  AS.  wr\'91c exile, persecution, misery, from
   wrecan  to drive out, punish; akin to D. wrak, adj., damaged, brittle,
   n.,  a  wreck,  wraken to reject, throw off, Icel. rek a thing drifted
   ashore, Sw. vrak refuse, a wreck, Dan. vrag. See Wreak, v. t., and cf.
   Wrack a marine plant.] [Written also wrack.]

   1. The destruction or injury of a vessel by being cast on shore, or on
   rocks,  or  by  being disabled or sunk by the force of winds or waves;

     Hard  and  obstinate As is a rock amidst the raging floods, 'Gainst
     which  a  ship,  of  succor  desolate,  Doth  suffer wreck, both of
     herself and goods. Spenser.

   2.  Destruction  or  injury of anything, especially by violence; ruin;
   as, the wreck of a railroad train.

     The wreck of matter and the crush of worlds. Addison.

     Its  intellectual  life  was thus able to go on amidst the wreck of
     its political life. J. R. Green.

   3.  The ruins of a ship stranded; a ship dashed against rocks or land,
   and  broken,  or otherwise rendered useless, by violence and fracture;
   as, they burned the wreck.

   4. The remain of anything ruined or fatally injured.

     To  the  fair  haven  of  my  native home, The wreck of what I was,
     fatigued I come. Cowper.

   5. (Law) Goods, etc., which, after a shipwreck, are cast upon the land
   by the sea. Bouvier.


   Wreck (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wrecked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wrecking.]

   1.  To  destroy, disable, or seriously damage, as a vessel, by driving
   it against the shore or on rocks, by causing it to become unseaworthy,
   to founder, or the like; to shipwreck.

     Supposing that they saw the king's ship wrecked. Shak.

   2. To bring wreck or ruin upon by any kind of violence; to destroy, as
   a railroad train.

   3.  To  involve in a wreck; hence, to cause to suffer ruin; to balk of
   success, and bring disaster on.

     Weak  and  envied,  if they should conspire, They wreck themselves.


   Wreck, v. i.

   1. To suffer wreck or ruin. Milton.

   2.  To  work  upon  a  wreck,  as  in  saving property or lives, or in


   Wreck"age (?; 48), n.

   1. The act of wrecking, or state of being wrecked.

   2. That which has been wrecked; remains of a wreck.


   Wreck"er (?), n.

   1. One who causes a wreck, as by false lights, and the like.

   2.  One  who  searches fro, or works upon, the wrecks of vessels, etc.
   Specifically:  (a)  One who visits a wreck for the purpose of plunder.
   (b)  One  who  is  employed in saving property or lives from a wrecked
   vessel, or in saving the vessel; as, the wreckers of Key West.

   3. A vessel employed by wreckers.


   Wreck"fish`  (?),  n.  [So  called  because  it  often  comes  in with
   wreckage.] (Zo\'94l.) A stone bass.


   Wreck"ful  (?),  a.  Causing  wreck;  involving ruin; destructive. "By
   wreckful wind." Spenser.


   Wreck"ing, a. & n. from Wreck, v. Wrecking car (Railway), a car fitted
   up  with apparatus and implements for removing the wreck occasioned by
   an  accident,  as  by a collision. -- Wrecking pump, a pump especially
   adapted for pumping water from the hull of a wrecked vessel.


   Wreck"-mas`ter  (?),  n.  A  person appointed by law to take charge of
   goods, etc., thrown on shore after a shipwreck.

                                 Wreke, Wreeke

   Wreke (?), Wreeke, v. t. See 2d Wreak. [Obs.]


   Wren  (?),  n.  [OE. wrenne, AS. wrenna, wr\'91nna, perhaps akin to wr

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  numerous  species of small singing birds
   belonging   to   Troglodytes   and   numerous  allied  of  the  family

     NOTE: &hand; Am ong th e sp ecies be st kn own ar e th e house wren
     (Troglodytes  a\'89don)  common in both Europe and America, and the
     American  winter  wren  (T.  hiemalis). See also Cactus wren, Marsh
     wren, and Rock wren, under Cactus, Marsh, and Rock.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of small singing birds more
   or less resembling the true wrens in size and habits.

     NOTE: &hand; Am ong these are several species of European warblers;
     as,  the  reed  wren  (see Reed warbler (a), under Reed), the sedge
     wren  (see Sedge warbler, under Sedge), the willow wren (see Willow
     warbler,   under   Willow),   the   golden-crested  wren,  and  the
     ruby-crowned wren (see Kinglet).

   Ant  wren,  any  one  of  numerous  South American birds of the family
   Formicarid\'91,  allied  to  the  ant  thrushes. -- Blue wren, a small
   Australian  singing  bird  (Malurus cyaneus), the male of which in the
   breeding  season  is  bright  blue. Called also superb warbler. -- Emu
   wren.  See  in  the  Vocabulary.  -- Wren babbler, any one of numerous
   species  of  small  timaline  birds  belonging  to Alcippe, Stachyris,
   Timalia, and several allied genera. These birds are common in Southern
   Asia  and the East Indies. -- Wren tit. See Ground wren, under Ground.
   --  Wren  warbler,  any  one  of  several species of small Asiatic and
   African  singing  birds  belonging  to Prinia and allied genera. These
   birds are closely allied to the tailor birds, and build their nests in
   a similar manner. See also Pincpinc.


   Wrench  (?), n. [OE. wrench deceit, AS. wrenc deceit, a twisting; akin
   to G. rank intrigue, crookedness, renken to bend, twist, and E. wring.
   Wring, and cf. Ranch, v. t.]

   1. Trick; deceit; fraud; stratagem. [Obs.]

     His wily wrenches thou ne mayst not flee. Chaucer.

   2. A violent twist, or a pull with twisting.

     He wringeth them such a wrench. Skelton.

     The  injurious  effect  upon  biographic  literature  of  all  such
     wrenches to the truth, is diffused everywhere. De Quincey.

   3. A sprain; an injury by twisting, as in a joint.

   4. Means; contrivance. [Obs.] Bacon.

   5.  An instrument, often a simple bar or lever with jaws or an angular
   orifice either at the end or between the ends, for exerting a twisting
   strain, as in turning bolts, nuts, screw taps, etc.; a screw key. Many
   wrenches  have  adjustable  jaws for grasping nuts, etc., of different

   6.  (Mech.)  The system made up of a force and a couple of forces in a
   plane  perpendicular to that force. Any number of forces acting at any
   points upon a rigid body may be compounded so as to be equivalent to a
   Carriage  wrench, a wrench adapted for removing or tightening the nuts
   that confine the wheels on the axles, or for turning the other nuts or
   bolts  of  a carriage or wagon. -- Monkey wrench. See under Monkey. --
   Wrench  hammer,  a  wrench with the end shaped so as to admit of being
   used as a hammer.


   Wrench,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wrenched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wrenching.]
   [OE.  wrenchen, AS. wrencan to deceive, properly, to twist, from wrenc
   guile, deceit, a twisting. Wrench, n.]

   1. To pull with a twist; to wrest, twist, or force by violence.

     Wrench his sword from him. Shak.

     Forthwith  this  frame  of  mine  was wrenched With a woeful agony.

   2. To strain; to sprain; hence, to distort; to pervert.

     You wrenched your foot against a stone. Swift.


   Wrest  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Wrested; p. pr. & vb. n. Wresting.]
   [OE.  wresten, AS. wr; akin to wr a twisted band, and wr\'c6 to twist.
   See Writhe.]

   1. To turn; to twist; esp., to twist or extort by violence; to pull of
   force  away by, or as if by, violent wringing or twisting. "The secret
   wrested from me." Milton.

     Our  country's  cause, That drew our swords, now secret wrests them
     from our hand. Addison.

     They instantly wrested the government out of the hands of Hastings.

   2.  To  turn  from  truth;  to twist from its natural or proper use or
   meaning by violence; to pervert; to distort.

     Wrest once the law to your authority. Shak.

     Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of thy poor. Ex. xxiii. 6.

     Their arts of wresting, corrupting, and false interpreting the holy
     text. South.

   3. To tune with a wrest, or key. [Obs.]


   Wrest, n.

   1.  The act of wresting; a wrench; a violent twist; hence, distortion;
   perversion. Hooker.

   2. Active or moving power. [Obs.] Spenser.

   3. A key to tune a stringed instrument of music.

     The  minstrel  .  .  . wore round his neck a silver chain, by which
     hung the wrest, or key, with which he tuned his harp. Sir W. Scott.

   4.  A  partition in a water wheel, by which the form of the buckets is
   Wrest pin (Piano Manuf.), one of the pins around which the ends of the
   wires are wound in a piano. Knight. -- Wrest plank (Piano Manuf.), the
   part in which the wrest pins are inserted.


   Wrest"er (?), n. One who wrests.


   Wres"tle  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Wrestled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Wrestling (?).] [OE. wrestlen, wrastlen, AS. wr, freq. of wr to wrest;
   akin to OD. wrastelen to wrestle. See Wrest, v. t.]

   1.  To contend, by grappling with, and striving to trip or throw down,
   an opponent; as, they wrestled skillfully.

     To-morrow,  sir,  I  wrestle  for my credit, and he that escapes me
     without some broken limb shall acquit him well. Shak.

     Another,  by  a  fall in wrestling, started the end of the clavicle
     from the sternum. Wiseman.

   2. Hence, to struggle; to strive earnestly; to contend.

     Come, wrestle with thy affections. Shak.

     We wrestle not against flesh and blood. Eph. vi. 12.

     Difficulties with which he had himself wrestled. M. Arnold.


   Wres"tle,  v.  t.  To  wrestle  with;  to  seek  to  throw  down as in


   Wres"tle,  n.  A  struggle between two persons to see which will throw
   the other down; a bout at wrestling; a wrestling match; a struggle.

     Whom  in  a  wrestle  the giant catching aloft, with a terrible hug
     broke three of his ribs. Milton.


   Wres"tler  (?), n. [AS. wr&aemac;stlere.] One who wrestles; one who is
   skillful in wrestling.


   Wretch  (?),  n.  [OE.  wrecche,  AS.  wrecca,  wr\'91cca, an exile, a
   wretch,  fr.  wrecan  to  drive  out,  punish; properly, an exile, one
   driven out, akin to AS. wr\'91c an exile, OS. wrekkio a stranger, OHG.
   reccheo an exile. See Wreak, v. t.]

   1.  A  miserable person; one profoundly unhappy. "The wretch that lies
   in woe." Shak.

     Hovered thy spirit o'er thy sorrowing son, Wretch even then, life's
     journey just begun? Cowper.

   2.  One sunk in vice or degradation; a base, despicable person; a vile
   knave; as, a profligate wretch.

     NOTE: &hand; Wr etch is sometimes used by way of slight or ironical
     pity  or  contempt, and sometimes to express tenderness; as we say,
     poor thing. "Poor wretch was never frighted so."



   Wretch"ed, a.

   1.  Very  miserable;  sunk  in,  or accompanied by, deep affliction or
   distress,  as  from  want, anxiety, or grief; calamitous; woeful; very
   afflicting. "To what wretched state reserved!" Milton.

     O  cruel!  Death!  to  those you are more kind Than to the wretched
     mortals left behind. Waller.


     The wretched refuse of your teeming shore . . . -->

     2.  Worthless; paltry; very poor or mean; miserable; as, a wretched
     poem; a wretched cabin.

     3.  Hatefully  contemptible;  despicable;  wicked. [Obs.] "Wretched
     ungratefulness." Sir P. Sidney.

     Nero  reigned after this Claudius, of all men wretchedest, ready to
     all manner [of] vices. Capgrave.


     Wretch"ed*ly, adv. In a wretched manner; miserably; despicable.


     Wretch"ed*ness, n.

     1.  The  quality  or  state of being wretched; utter misery. Sir W.

     2. A wretched object; anything despicably. [Obs.]

     Eat worms and such wretchedness. Chaucer.


     Wretch"ful (?), a. Wretched. [Obs.] Wyclif.


     Wretch"less,  a.  [See  Reckless.]  Reckless;  hence,  disregarded.
     [Obs.]  --  Wretch"less*ly,  adv.  [Obs.]  --  Wretch"less*ness, n.
     [Obs.] Bk. of Com. Prayer.

     Your  deaf  ears  should  listen Unto the wretchless clamors of the
     poor. J. Webster.


     Wrey (?), v. t. See Wray. [Obs.] Chaucer.


     Wrie (?), a. & v. See Wry. [Obs.] Chaucer.


     Wrig (?), v. i. To wriggle. [Obs.] Skelton.


     Wrig"gle  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Wriggled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
     Wriggling  (?).]  [Freq. of wrig, probably from OE. wrikken to move
     to and fro; cf. LG. wriggeln, D. wrikken, Sw. vricka, Dan. vrikke.]
     To  move  the  body to and fro with short, writhing motions, like a
     worm; to squirm; to twist uneasily or quickly about.

     Both  he and successors would often wriggle in their seats, as long
     as the cushion lasted. Swift.


     Wrig"gle,  v.  t. To move with short, quick contortions; to move by
     twisting and squirming; like a worm.

     Covetousness will wriggle itself out at a small hole. Fuller.

     Wriggling  his  body  to  recover  His seat, and cast his right leg
     over. Hudibras.


     Wrig"gle,  a.  Wriggling;  frisky;  pliant; flexible. [Obs.] "Their
     wriggle tails." Spenser.

     Page 1669


     Wrig"gler (?), n. One who, or that which, wriggles. Cowper.


     Wright  (?),  n.  [OE.  wrighte, writhe, AS. wyrtha, fr. wyrcean to
     work.  &root;145.  See Work.] One who is engaged in a mechanical or
     manufacturing  business; an artificer; a workman; a manufacturer; a
     mechanic; esp., a worker in wood; -- now chiefly used in compounds,
     as in millwright, wheelwright, etc.

     He was a well good wright, a carpenter. Chaucer.


     Wright"ine  (?), n. (Chem.) A rare alkaloid found in the bark of an
     East  Indian  apocynaceous  tree  (Wrightia  antidysenterica),  and
     extracted  as a bitter white crystalline substance. It was formerly
     used  as  a  remedy  for  diarrh&oe;a.  Called  also conessine, and


     Wring  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wrung (?), Obs. Wringed (; p. pr. &
     vb.  n.  Wringing.]  [OE.  wringen,  AS.  wringan; akin to LG. & D.
     wringen,  OHG.  ringan  to  struggle,  G.  ringen, Sw. vr\'84nga to
     distort, Dan. vringle to twist. Cf. Wrangle, Wrench, Wrong.]

     1.  To  twist  and  compress;  to turn and strain with violence; to
     writhe; to squeeze hard; to pinch; as, to wring clothes in washing.
     "Earnestly  wringing  Waverley's hand." Sir W. Scott. "Wring him by
     the nose." Shak.

     [His steed] so sweat that men might him wring. Chaucer.

     The king began to find where his shoe did wring him. Bacon.

     The  priest  shall  bring it [a dove] unto the altar, and wring off
     his head. Lev. i. 15.

     2. Hence, to pain; to distress; to torment; to torture.

     Too  much  grieved  and  wrung  by  an  uneasy  and strait fortune.

     Didst  thou  taste  but  half  the  griefs That wring my soul, thou
     couldst not talk thus coldly. Addison.

     3. To distort; to pervert; to wrest.

     How dare men thus wring the Scriptures? Whitgift.

     4.  To extract or obtain by twisting and compressing; to squeeze or
     press  (out);  hence,  to  extort;  to  draw  forth by violence, or
     against resistance or repugnance; -- usually with out or form.

     Your overkindness doth wring tears from me. Shak.

     He rose up early on the morrow, and thrust the fleece together, and
     wringed the dew out of the fleece. Judg. vi. 38.

     5.  To  subject  to  extortion; to afflict, or oppress, in order to
     enforce compliance.

     To wring the widow from her 'customed right. Shak.

     The  merchant adventures have been often wronged and wringed to the
     quick. Hayward.

     6.  (Naut.)  To  bend or strain out of its position; as, to wring a


     Wring, v. i. To writhe; to twist, as with anguish.

     'T  is all men's office to speak patience To those that wring under
     the load of sorrow. Shak.

     Look  where  the  sister of the king of France Sits wringing of her
     hands, and beats her breast. Marlowe.


     Wring,  n. A writhing, as in anguish; a twisting; a griping. [Obs.]
     Bp. Hall.


     Wring"bolt`,  n. (Shipbuilding) A bolt used by shipwrights, to bend
     and secure the planks against the timbers till they are fastened by
     bolts, spikes, or treenails; -- not to be confounded with ringbolt.


     Wring"er (?), n.

     1. One who, or that which, wrings; hence, an extortioner.

     2.  A machine for pressing water out of anything, particularly from
     clothes after they have been washed.


     Wring"ing, a. & n. from Wring, v.

   Wringing machine, a wringer. See Wringer, 2.


   Wring"staff` (?), n.; pl. Wringstaves (. (Shipbuilding) A strong piece
   of plank used in applying wringbolts.


   Wrin"kle (?), n. A winkle. [Local, U.S.]


   Wrin"kle,  n.  [OE.  wrinkil,  AS.  wrincle; akin to OD. wrinckel, and
   prob.  to  Dan. rynke, Sw. rynka, Icel. hrukka, OHG. runza, G. runzel,
   L. ruga.

   1.  A  small  ridge,  prominence, or furrow formed by the shrinking or
   contraction of any smooth substance; a corrugation; a crease; a slight
   fold; as, wrinkle in the skin; a wrinkle in cloth. "The wrinkles in my
   brows." Shak.

     Within  I  do  not find wrinkles and used heart, but unspent youth.

   2. hence, any roughness; unevenness.

     Not the least wrinkle to deform the sky. Dryden.

   3. [Perhaps a different word, and a dim. AS. wrenc a twisting, deceit.
   Cf.  Wrench, n.] A notion or fancy; a whim; as, to have a new wrinkle.


   Wrin"kle,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Wrinkled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wrinkling

   1.  To  contract  into  furrows  and prominences; to make a wrinkle or
   wrinkles  in;  to  corrugate; as, wrinkle the skin or the brow. "Sport
   that wrinkled Care derides." Milton.

     Her wrinkled form in black and white arrayed. Pope.

   2. Hence, to make rough or uneven in any way.

     A  keen  north wind that, blowing dry, Wrinkled the face of deluge,
     as decayed. Milton.

     Then danced we on the wrinkled sand. Bryant.

   To wrinkle at, to sneer at. [Obs.] Marston.


   Wrin"kle, v. i. To shrink into furrows and ridges.


   Wrin"kly  (?),  a. Full of wrinkles; having a tendency to be wrinkled;
   corrugated; puckered. G. Eliot.

     His old wrinkly face grew quite blown out at last. Carlyle.


   Wrist  (?),  n. [OE. wriste, wrist, AS. wrist; akin to OFries. wriust,
   LG. wrist, G. rist wrist, instep, Icel. rist instep, Dan. & Sw. vrist,
   and perhaps to E. writhe.]

   1. (Anat.) The joint, or the region of the joint, between the hand and
   the arm; the carpus. See Carpus.

     He took me by the wrist, and held me hard. Shak.

   2.  (Mach.)  A stud or pin which forms a journal; -- also called wrist
   Bridle  wrist,  the  wrist of the left hand, in which a horseman holds
   the  bridle.  --  Wrist clonus. [NL. clonus, fr. Gr. Clonic.] (Med.) A
   series  of  quickly  alternating movements of flexion and extension of
   the  wrist,  produced  in  some  cases  of nervous disease by suddenly
   bending  the  hand  back  upon  the  forearm.  --  Wrist  drop (Med.),
   paralysis  of  the extensor muscles of the hand, affecting the hand so
   that  when  an attempt is made to hold it out in line with the forearm
   with  the  palm  down,  the hand drops. It is chiefly due to plumbism.
   Called also hand drop. -- Wrist plate (Steam Engine), a swinging plate
   bearing two or more wrists, for operating the valves.


   Wrist"band  (?),  n.  The  band  of  the  sleeve  of a shirt, or other
   garment, which covers the wrist.


   Wrist"er (?), n. A covering for the wrist.


   Wrist"let  (?),  n.  An elastic band worn around the wrist, as for the
   purpose of securing the upper part of a glove.


   Writ (?), obs. 3d pers. sing. pres. of Write, for writeth. Chaucer.


   Writ, archaic imp. & p. p. of Write. Dryden.


   Writ, n. [AS. writ, gewrit. See Write.]

   1. That which is written; writing; scripture; -- applied especially to
   the Scriptures, or the books of the Old and New testaments; as, sacred
   writ. "Though in Holy Writ not named." Milton.

     Then  to  his  hands  that  writ he did betake, Which he disclosing
     read, thus as the paper spake. Spenser.

     Babylon, so much spoken of in Holy Writ. Knolles.

   2.  (Law) An instrument in writing, under seal, in an epistolary form,
   issued  from  the  proper  authority,  commanding  the  performance or
   nonperformance of some act by the person to whom it is directed; as, a
   writ  of entry, of error, of execution, of injunction, of mandamus, of
   return, of summons, and the like.

     NOTE: &hand; Writs are usually witnessed, or tested, in the name of
     the chief justice or principal judge of the court out of which they
     are  issued;  and those directed to a sheriff, or other ministerial
     officer,  require  him to return them on a day specified. In former
     English law and practice, writs in civil cases were either original
     or  judicial;  the former were issued out of the Court of Chancery,
     under  the  great seal, for the summoning of a defendant to appear,
     and  were  granted  before the suit began and in order to begin the
     same;  the  latter  were issued out of the court where the original
     was  returned,  after the suit was begun and during the pendency of
     it.  Tomlins. Brande. Encyc. Brit. The term writ is supposed by Mr.
     Reeves  to  have  been  derived  from  the fact of these formul\'91
     having  always  been  expressed in writing, being, in this respect,
     distinguished  from  the  other  proceedings in the ancient action,
     which were conducted orally.

   Writ  of account, Writ of capias, etc. See under Account, Capias, etc.
   -- Service of a writ. See under Service.


   Writ`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. Ability or capacity to write. [R.] Walpole.


   Writ"a*ble (?), a. Capable of, or suitable for, being written down.


   Writ"a*tive  (?),  a.  Inclined  to  much  writing;  -- correlative to
   talkative. [R.] Pope.


   Write (?), v. t. [imp. Wrote (?); p. p. Written (?); Archaic imp. & p.
   p.  Writ  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n. Writing.] [OE. writen, AS. wr\'c6tan;
   originally,  to  scratch, to score; akin to OS. wr\'c6tan to write, to
   tear, to wound, D. rijten to tear, to rend, G. reissen, OHG. r\'c6zan,
   Icel.  r\'c6ta  to write, Goth. writs a stroke, dash, letter. Cf. Race
   tribe, lineage.]

   1.  To  set  down,  as  legible  characters; to form the conveyance of
   meaning;  to inscribe on any material by a suitable instrument; as, to
   write the characters called letters; to write figures.

   2.  To  set  down  for  reading; to express in legible or intelligible
   characters;  to  inscribe;  as,  to  write  a deed; to write a bill of
   divorcement;  hence,  specifically,  to  set  down  in  an epistle; to
   communicate by letter.

     Last  night  she  enjoined me to write some lines to one she loves.

     I chose to write the thing I durst not speak To her I loved. Prior.

   3. Hence, to compose or produce, as an author.

     I  purpose  to  write  the history of England from the accession of
     King James the Second down to a time within the memory of men still
     living. Macaulay.

   4.  To  impress  durably; to imprint; to engrave; as, truth written on
   the heart.

   5.  To make known by writing; to record; to prove by one's own written
   testimony; -- often used reflexively.

     He  who  writes  himself  by  his  own  inscription  is like an ill
     painter,  who,  by  writing  on  a  shapeless picture which he hath
     drawn,  is  fain to tell passengers what shape it is, which else no
     man could imagine. Milton.

   To write to, to communicate by a written document to. -- Written laws,
   laws  deriving  their  force  from  express  legislative enactment, as
   contradistinguished from unwritten, or common, law. See the Note under
   Law, and Common law, under Common, a.
   Write, v. i.
   1.  To  form  characters,  letters,  or  figures, as representative of
   sounds  or  ideas;  to  express  words and sentences by written signs.
     So it stead you, I will write, Please you command. Shak.
   2.  To  be  regularly  employed  or  occupied  in writing, copying, or
   accounting; to act as clerk or amanuensis; as, he writes in one of the
   public offices.

   3.  To  frame  or combine ideas, and express them in written words; to
   play the author; to recite or relate in books; to compose.

     They  can  write  up  to  the dignity and character of the authors.

   4. To compose or send letters.

     He  wrote for all the Jews that went out of his realm up into Jewry
     concerning their freedom. 1 Esdras iv. 49.


   Writ"er (?), n. [AS. wr\'c6tere.]

   1. One who writes, or has written; a scribe; a clerk.

     They [came] that handle the pen of the writer. Judg. v. 14.

     My tongue is the pen of a ready writer. Ps. xlv. 1.

   2.  One  who  is  engaged  in literary composition as a profession; an
   author; as, a writer of novels.

     This pitch, as ancient writers do report, doth defile. Shak.

   3.  A  clerk  of  a certain rank in the service of the late East India
   Company,  who,  after  serving  a  certain  number  of years, became a
   Writer  of  the  tallies  (Eng.  Law),  an officer of the exchequer of
   England,  who  acted as clerk to the auditor of the receipt, and wrote
   the  accounts  upon  the  tallies  from the tellers' bills. The use of
   tallies  in  the exchequer has been abolished. Wharton (Law. Dict.) --
   Writer's  cramp, palsy, OR spasm (Med.), a painful spasmodic affection
   of  the  muscles  of  the  fingers, brought on by excessive use, as in
   writing,  violin  playing,  telegraphing, etc. Called also scrivener's
   palsy. -- Writer to the signet. See under Signet.


   Writ"er*ship (?), n. The office of a writer.


   Writhe  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. Writhed (?); p. p. Writhed, Obs. or Poetic
   Writhen  (;  p.  pr.  &  vb. n. Writhing.] [OE. writhen, AS. wr\'c6 to
   twist;  akin to OHG. r\'c6dan, Icel. r\'c6, Sw. vrida, Dan. vride. Cf.
   Wreathe, Wrest, Wroth.]

   1. To twist; to turn; now, usually, to twist or turn so as to distort;
   to wring. "With writhing [turning] of a pin." Chaucer.

     Then Satan first knew pain, And writhed him to and fro. Milton.

     Her mouth she writhed, her forehead taught to frown. Dryden.

     His battle-writhen arms, and mighty hands. Tennyson.

   2. To wrest; to distort; to pervert.

     The  reason which he yieldeth showeth the least part of his meaning
     to be that whereunto his words are writhed. Hooker.

   3. To extort; to wring; to wrest. [R.]<-- ; extract -->

     The nobility hesitated not to follow the example of their sovereign
     in  writhing money from them by every species of oppression. Sir W.


   Writhe,  v.  i.  To twist or contort the body; to be distorted; as, to
   writhe with agony. Also used figuratively.

     After  every  attempt, he felt that he had failed, and writhed with
     shame and vexation. Macaulay.


   Writh"en (?), a. Having a twisted distorted from.

     A writhen staff his step unstable guides. Fairfax.


   Wri"thle (?), v. t. [Freq. of writhe.] To wrinkle. [Obs.] Shak.


   Writ"ing (?), n.

   1.  The  act  or art of forming letters and characters on paper, wood,
   stone, or other material, for the purpose of recording the ideas which
   characters  and  words  express, or of communicating them to others by
   visible signs.

   2.  Anything  written  or printed; anything expressed in characters or
   letters;  as:  (a) Any legal instrument, as a deed, a receipt, a bond,
   an  agreement, or the like. (b) Any written composition; a pamphlet; a
   work;  a literary production; a book; as, the writings of Addison. (c)
   An inscription.

     And  Pilate  wrote  a  title  .  .  . And the writing was, Jesus of
     Nazareth, the King of the Jews. John xix. 19.

   3. Handwriting; chirography.
   Writing  book,  a  book for practice in penmanship. -- Writing desk, a
   desk  with  a  sloping  top  for writing upon; also, a case containing
   writing  materials,  and  used  in  a  similar manner. -- Writing lark
   (Zo\'94l.),  the European yellow-hammer; -- so called from the curious
   irregular  lines on its eggs. [Prov. Eng.] -- Writing machine. Same as
   Typewriter.  -- Writing master, one who teaches the art of penmanship.
   --  Writing obligatory (Law), a bond. -- Writing paper, paper intended
   for writing upon with ink, usually finished with a smooth surface, and
   sized.  --  Writing school, a school for instruction in penmanship. --
   Writing table, a table fitted or used for writing upon.


   Writ"ten (?), p. p. of Write, v.


   Wriz"zle (?), v. t. To wrinkle. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Wro"ken (?), obs. p. p. of Wreak. Chaucer.


   Wrong (?), obs. imp. of Wring. Wrung. Chaucer.


   Wrong  (?;  115),  a.  [OE.  wrong,  wrang,  a.  &  n., AS. wrang, n.;
   originally,  awry,  wrung,  fr.  wringan  to  wring;  akin to D. wrang
   bitter,  Dan.  vrang wrong, Sw. vr\'86ng, Icel. rangr awry, wrong. See

   1. Twisted; wry; as, a wrong nose. [Obs.] Wyclif (Lev. xxi. 19).

   2.  Not according to the laws of good morals, whether divine or human;
   not suitable to the highest and best end; not morally right; deviating
   from  rectitude  or  duty; not just or equitable; not true; not legal;
   as, a wrong practice; wrong ideas; wrong inclinations and desires.

   3.  Not  fit  or  suitable to an end or object; not appropriate for an
   intended  use; not according to rule; unsuitable; improper; incorrect;
   as,  to  hold  a  book with the wrong end uppermost; to take the wrong

     I  have  deceived  you  both;  I have directed you to wrong places.

   4.  Not  according  to  truth;  not  conforming to fact or intent; not
   right; mistaken; erroneous; as, a wrong statement.

   5.  Designed  to  be  worn  or  placed inward; as, the wrong side of a
   garment  or  of  a  piece of cloth. Syn. -- Injurious; unjust; faulty;
   detrimental; incorrect; erroneous; unfit; unsuitable.


   Wrong,  adv.  In  a  wrong  manner;  not  rightly; amiss; morally ill;
   erroneously; wrongly.

     Ten censure wrong for one that writes amiss. Pope.


   Wrong,  n.  [AS.  wrang.  See  Wrong,  a.]  That  which  is not right.
   Specifically:  (a)  Nonconformity or disobedience to lawful authority,
   divine or human; deviation from duty; -- the opposite of moral right.

     When I had wrong and she the right. Chaucer.

     One spake much of right and wrong. Milton.

   (b)  Deviation  or  departure  from  truth  or fact; state of falsity;
   error;  as,  to  be  in  the  wrong.  (c) Whatever deviates from moral
   rectitude;  usually,  an  act  that involves evil consequences, as one
   which  inflicts  injury  on  a person; any injury done to, or received
   from; another; a trespass; a violation of right.

     Friend, I do thee no wrong. Matt. xx. 18.

     As  the king of England can do no wrong, so neither can he do right
     but in his courts and by his courts. Milton.

     The obligation to redress a wrong is at least as binding as that of
     paying a debt. E. Evereth.

     NOTE: &hand; Wrongs, legally, are private or public. Private wrongs
     are  civil  injuries,  immediately  affecting  individuals;  public
     wrongs  are  crimes  and  misdemeanors  which affect the community.

   Page 1670


   Wrong  (?;  115),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Wronged (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  treat with injustice; to deprive of some right, or to withhold
   some  act  of justice from; to do undeserved harm to; to deal unjustly
   with; to injure.

     He that sinneth . . . wrongeth his own soul. Prov. viii. 36.

   2. To impute evil to unjustly; as, if you suppose me capable of a base
   act, you wrong me.

     I  rather choose To wrong the dead, to wrong myself and you, Than I
     will wrong such honorable men. Shak.


   Wrong"do`er (?), n.

   1. One who injures another, or who does wrong.

   2.  (Law)  One  who  commits  a tort or trespass; a trespasser; a tort
   feasor. Ayliffe.


   Wrong"do`ing, n. Evil or wicked behavior or action.


   Wrong"er (?), n. One who wrongs or injures another. Shak. "Wrongers of
   the world." Tennyson.


   Wrong"ful  (?),  a.  Full  of  wrong; injurious; unjust; unfair; as, a
   wrongful  taking  of property; wrongful dealing. -- Wrong"ful*ly, adv.
   -- Wrong"ful*ness, n.


   Wrong"head`  (?), n. A person of a perverse understanding or obstinate
   character. [R.]


   Wrong"head`, a. Wrongheaded. [R.] Pope.


   Wrong"head`ed,  a.  Wrong  in  opinion or principle; having a perverse
   understanding;     perverse.     --    Wrong"head`ed*ly,    adv.    --
   Wrong"head`ed*ness, n. Macaulay.


   Wrong"less,  a.  Not  wrong;  void  or  free  from  wrong.  [Obs.]  --
   Wrong"less*ly, adv. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.


   Wrong"ly, adv. In a wrong manner; unjustly; erroneously; wrong; amiss;
   as,  he  judges  wrongly of my motives. "And yet wouldst wrongly win."


   Wrong"ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state of being wrong; wrongfulness;
   error; fault.

     The best great wrongnesses within themselves. Bp. Butler.

     The rightness or wrongness of this view. Latham.


   Wron"gous (?), a. [Cf. OE. wrongwis. See Wrong, and cf. Righteous.]

   1. Constituting, or of the nature of, a wrong; unjust; wrongful. [R.]

   2. (Scots Law) Not right; illegal; as, wrongous imprisonment. Craig.


   Wrong"-timed` (?; 115), a. Done at an improper time; ill-timed.


   Wroot (?), obs. imp. of Write. Wrote. Chaucer.


   Wrote  (?),  v. i. [OE. wroten. See 1st Root.] To root with the snout.
   See 1st Root. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wrote, imp. & archaic p. p. of Write.


   Wroth  (?),  a. [OE. wroth, wrap, AS. wr\'be&edh; wroth, crooked, bad;
   akin  to  wr\'c6&edh;an  to  writhe, and to OS. wr&emac;&edh;angry, D.
   wreed  cruel,  OHG.  reid  twisted,  Icel. rei&edh;r angry, Dan. & Sw.
   vred. See Writhe, and cf. Wrath.] Full of wrath; angry; incensed; much
   exasperated; wrathful. "Wroth to see his kingdom fail." Milton.

     Revel  and  truth as in a low degree, They be full wroth [i. e., at
     enmity] all day. Chaucer.

     Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell. Gen. iv. 5.


   Wrought (?), imp. & p. p. of Work.

     Alas that I was wrought [created]! Chaucer.


   Wrought,  a. Worked; elaborated; not rough or crude. Wrought iron. See
   under Iron.


   Wrung (?), imp. & p. p. of Wring.


   Wry (?), v. t. [AS. wre\'a2n.] To cover. [Obs.]

     Wrie you in that mantle. Chaucer.


   Wry (?), a. [Compar. Wrier (?); superl. Wriest.] [Akin to OE. wrien to
   twist, to bend, AS. wrigian to tend towards, to drive.]

   1. Turned to one side; twisted; distorted; as, a wry mouth.

   2.  Hence,  deviating  from  the  right direction; misdirected; out of
   place; as, wry words.

     Not  according to the wry rigor of our neighbors, who never take up
     an old idea without some extravagance in its application. Landor.

   3. Wrested; perverted.

     He . . . puts a wry sense upon Protestant writers. Atterbury.

   Wry  face,  a  distortion  of  the  countenance indicating impatience,
   disgust, or discomfort; a grimace.


   Wry, v. i.

   1. To twist; to writhe; to bend or wind.

   2.  To deviate from the right way; to go away or astray; to turn side;
   to swerve.

     This Phebus gan awayward for to wryen. Chaucer.

     How  many  Must murder wives much better than themselves For wrying
     but a little! Shak.


   Wry,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Wried; p. pr. & vb. n. Wrying.] [OE. wrien.
   See Wry, a.] To twist; to distort; to writhe; to wrest; to vex. Sir P.

     Guests  by  hundreds,  not  one caring If the dear host's neck were
     wried. R. Browning.


   Wry"bill` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Crookbill.


   Wry"mouth`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of several species of large,
   elongated,  marine  fishes of the genus Cryptacanthodes, especially C.
   maculatus   of  the  American  coast.  A  whitish  variety  is  called


   Wry"neck (?), n. (Med.)

   1. A twisted or distorted neck; a deformity in which the neck is drawn
   to  one side by a rigid contraction of one of the muscles of the neck;

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of several species of Old World birds of the
   genus Jynx, allied to the woodpeckers; especially, the common European
   species  (J.  torguilla);  --  so called from its habit of turning the
   neck  around  in  different  directions.  Called  also  cuckoo's mate,
   snakebird, summer bird, tonguebird, and writheneck.


   Wry"necked`  (?),  a.  Having  a  distorted neck; having the deformity
   called wryneck.


   Wry"ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being wry, or distorted. W.


   Wryth"en (?), obs. p. p. of Writhe. Writhen.


   Wul"fen*ite  (?),  n.  [So  named  after  F.  X. Wulfen, an Australian
   mineralogist.]  (Min.)  Native  lead molybdate occurring in tetragonal
   crystals, usually tabular, and of a bright orange-yellow to red, gray,
   or brown color; -- also called yellow lead ore.


   Wull (?), v. t. & i. See 2d Will.

     Pour out to all that wull. Spenser.


   Wung"-out`  (?),  a.  Having  the  sails  set  in  the  manner  called
   wing-and-wing. [Sailors' slang]


   Wur"ba*gool (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A fruit bat (Pteropus medius) native of
   India. It is similar to the flying fox, but smaller.


   Wur"mal (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Wormil.


   Wur"ra*luh (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The Australian white-quilled honey eater
   (Entomyza albipennis).

                                  Wust, Wuste

   Wust (?), Wuste, obs. imp. of Wit. Piers Plowman.


   Wy`an*dots"  (?),  n.  pl.; sing. Wyandot (. (Ethnol.) Same as Hurons.
   [Written also Wyandottes, and Yendots.]


   Wych"-elm`  (?), n. [OE. wiche a kind of elm, AS. wice a kind of tree.
   Cf. Wicker.] (Bot.) A species of elm (Ulmus montana) found in Northern
   and Western Europe; Scotch elm.

     NOTE: &hand; By confusion this word is often written witch-elm.


   Wych"-ha`zel  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  The wych-elm; -- so called because its
   leaves are like those of the hazel.

                             Wyclifite, Wycliffite

   Wyc"lif*ite,  Wyc"liff*ite  (?),  n. A follower of Wyclif, the English
   reformer; a Lollard.


   Wyd (?), a. Wide. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wye (?), n.; pl. Wyes (.

   1. The letter Y.

   2. A kind of crotch. See Y, n. (a).


   Wyke (?), n. Week. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Wy"la    (?),   n.   (Zo\'94l.)   A   helmeted   Australian   cockatoo
   (Calyptorhynchus funereus); -- called also funeral cockatoo.


   Wynd  (?),  n.  [See  Wind  to  turn.] A narrow lane or alley. [Scot.]

     The narrow wynds, or alleys, on each side of the street. Bryant.


   Wyn"ker*nel (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The European moor hen. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wynn (?), n. A kind of timber truck, or carriage.


   Wype (?), n. The wipe, or lapwing. [Prov. Eng.]


   Wythe (?), n. (Naut.). Same as Withe, n., 4.


   Wys (?), a. Wise. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                  Wyte, Wyten

   Wyte (?), Wy"ten (?), obs. pl. pres. of Wit.


   Wy"vern (?), n. (Her.) Same as Wiver.

   Page 1671

 Xanthorh Xan`tho*rh (?), n. [NL., from Gr. xanqo`s yellow + (Bot.) A genus of
endogenous plants, native to Australia, having a thick, sometimes arborescent,
               stem, and long grasslike leaves. See Grass tree.