Unabridged Dictionary - Letter T

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   Ta"ble  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tableed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tableing

   1. To form into a table or catalogue; to tabulate; as, to table fines.

   2. To delineate, as on a table; to represent, as in a picture. [Obs.]

     Tabled and pictured in the chambers of meditation. Bacon.

   3. To supply with food; to feed. [Obs.] Milton.

   4.  (Carp.)  To  insert,  as  one  piece  of  timber  into another, by
   alternate  scores or projections from the middle, to prevent slipping;
   to scarf.

   5. To lay or place on a table, as money. Carlyle.

   6.  In  parliamentary  usage,  to  lay on the table; to postpone, by a
   formal  vote,  the consideration of (a bill, motion, or the like) till
   called for, or indefinitely.

   7. To enter upon the docket; as, to table charges against some one.

   8.  (Naut.) To make board hems in the skirts and bottoms of (sails) in
   order to strengthen them in the part attached to the boltrope.


   Ta"ble,  v.  i.  To  live  at  the table of another; to board; to eat.
   [Obs.]  "He . . . was driven from the society of men to table with the
   beasts." South.


   Ta`bleau"  (?),  n.;  pl.  Tableaux  (#).  [F.,  dim.  fr. L. tabula a
   painting. See Table.]

   1. A striking and vivid representation; a picture.

   2.  A  representation of some scene by means of persons grouped in the
   proper  manner,  placed  in appropriate postures, and remaining silent
   and motionless.

                                Tableau vivant

   Ta`bleau"  vi`vant"  (?);  pl.  Tableaux  vivants  (#).  [F.]  Same as
   Tableau, n., 2.


   Ta"ble*book` (?), n. A tablet; a notebook.

     Put into your tablebook whatever you judge worthly. Dryden.


   Ta"ble*cloth`  (?),  n.  A  cloth for covering a table, especially one
   with  which a table is covered before the dishes, etc., are set on for

                                Table d'h\'93te

   Ta"ble d'h\'93te" (?); pl. Tables d'h\'93te (#). [F., literally, table
   of the landlord.] A common table for guests at a hotel; an ordinary.


   Ta"ble-land` (?), n. A broad, level, elevated area of land; a plateau.

     The  toppling  crags  of  Duty  scaled,  Are close upon the shining
     table-lands To which our God himself is moon and sun. Tennyson.


   Ta"ble*man (?), n.; pl. Tablemen (. A man at draughts; a piece used in
   playing games at tables. See Table, n., 10. [R.] Bacon.


   Ta"ble*ment (?), n. (Arch.) A table. [Obs.]

     Tablements and chapters of pillars. Holland.


   Ta"bler (?), n.

   1. One who boards. [Obs.]

   2. One who boards others for hire. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Ta"ble*spoon` (?), n. A spoon of the largest size commonly used at the
   table; -- distinguished from teaspoon, dessert spoon, etc.


   Ta"ble*spoon`ful   (?),  n.;  pl.  Tablespoonfuls  (.  As  much  as  a
   tablespoon  will  hold;  enough  to  fill  a tablespoon. It is usually
   reckoned as one half of a fluid ounce, or four fluid drams.


   Ta"blet (?), n. [F. tablette, dim. of table. See Table.]

   1. A small table or flat surface.

   2.  A  flat  piece  of any material on which to write, paint, draw, or
   engrave; also, such a piece containing an inscription or a picture.

   3. Hence, a small picture; a miniature. [Obs.]

   4. pl. A kind of pocket memorandum book.

   5. A flattish cake or piece; as, tablets of arsenic were formerly worn
   as a preservative against the plague.

   6.  (Pharm.) A solid kind of electuary or confection, commonly made of
   dry  ingredients  with  sugar,  and  usually  formed  into little flat
   squares;  --  called  also  lozenge,  and troche, especially when of a
   round or rounded form.


   Ta"ble*ware` (?), n. Ware, or articles collectively, for table use.


   Ta"bling (?), n.

   1. A forming into tables; a setting down in order.

   2.  (Carp.) The letting of one timber into another by alternate scores
   or projections, as in shipbuilding.

   3. (Naut.) A broad hem on the edge of a sail. Totten.

   4. Board; support. [Obs.] Trence in English (1614).

   5. Act of playing at tables. See Table, n., 10. [Obs.]
   Tabling house, a gambling house. [Obs.] Northbrooke.


   Ta*boo"  (?),  n.  A total prohibition of intercourse with, use of, or
   approach  to,  a  given  person  or  thing  under pain of death, -- an
   interdict  of  religious  origin and authority, formerly common in the
   islands of Polynesia; interdiction. [Written also tabu.]


   Ta*boo",  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Tabooed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tabooing.]
   To  put  under taboo; to forbid, or to forbid the use of; to interdict
   approach  to,  or  use  of;  as,  to  taboo  the ground set apart as a
   sanctuary for criminals. [Written also tabu.]


   Ta"bor  (?), n. [OF. tabor, tabour, F. tambour; cf. Pr. tabor, tanbor,
   Sp. & Pg. tambor, atambor, It. tamburo; all fr. Ar. & Per. tamb a kind
   of  lute,  or giutar, or Per. tab\'c6r a drum. Cf. Tabouret, Tambour.]
   (Mus.)  A  small drum used as an accompaniment to a pipe or fife, both
   being played by the same person. [Written also tabour, and taber.]


   Ta"bor,  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Tabored (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Taboring.]
   [Cf. OF. taborer.] [Written also tabour.]

   1. To play on a tabor, or little drum.

   2. To strike lightly and frequently.


   Ta"bor, v. t. To make (a sound) with a tabor.


   Ta"bor*er (?), n. One who plays on the tabor. Shak.


   Tab"o*ret  (?),  n. [Dim. of tabor. Cf. Tabret.] (Mus.) A small tabor.
   [Written also tabouret.]


   Tab"o*rine  (?),  n.  [OF.  tabourin, F. tambourin. See Tabor, and cf.
   Tambourine.] (Mus.) A small, shallow drum; a tabor.


   Ta"bor*ite (?), n. (Eccl. Hist.) One of certain Bohemian reformers who
   suffered  persecution  in  the  fifteenth  century;  -- so called from
   Tabor,  a  hill or fortress where they encamped during a part of their


   Ta"bour (?), n. & v. See Tabor.


   Tab"ou*ret (?), n. [F., dim. of OF. tabor, tabour, drum. See Tabor.]

   1. Same as Taboret.

   2.  A  seat without arms or back, cushioned and stuffed: a high stool;
   -- so called from its resemblance to a drum.

   3. An embroidery frame. Knight.
   Right  of  the tabouret, the privilege of sitting on a tabouret in the
   presence  of the severeign, formerly granted to certain ladies of high
   rank at the French court.


   Tab"rere (?), n. A taborer. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Tab"ret (?), n. A taboret. Young.


   Ta*bu" (?), n. & v. See Taboo.


   Tab"u*la (?), n.; pl. Tabul\'91 (#). [L.]

   1. A table; a tablet.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of the transverse plants found in the calicles of
   certain corals and hydroids.
   Tabula  rasa  ( [L.], a smoothed tablet; hence, figuratively, the mind
   in its earliest state, before receiving impressions from without; -- a
   term  used  by  Hobbes,  Locke,  and  others,  in maintaining a theory
   opposed to the doctrine of innate ideas.
   Tab"u*lar  (?),  a.  [L.  tabularis,  fr.  tabula  a board, table. See
   Table.]  Having  the form of, or pertaining to, a table (in any of the
   uses  of  the word). Specifically: -- (a) Having a flat surface; as, a
   tabular rock. (b) Formed into a succession of flakes; laminated. 

     Nodules . . . that are tabular and plated. Woodward.

   (c)  Set  in  squares.  [R.]  (d)  Arranged in a schedule; as, tabular
   statistics.  (e)  Derived from, or computed by, the use of tables; as,
   tabular  right  ascension.  Tabular difference (Math.), the difference
   between  two  consecutive numbers in a table, sometimes printed in its
   proper place in the table. -- Tabular spar (Min.), wollastonite.


   Tab`u*lar*i*za"tion  (?),  n. The act of tabularizing, or the state of
   being tabularized; formation into tables; tabulation.


   Tab"u*lar*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tabularized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Tabularizing (?).] To tabulate.


   Tab`u*la"ta (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. tabulatus floored.] (Zo\'94l.) An
   artificial group of stony corals including those which have transverse
   septa  in  the  calicles.  The  genera  Pocillopora  and Favosites are
   examples.  <--  ##  note that Pocillopora is italicised but not listed
   separately in this dictionary. Favosites is not italicised, and has an
   entry  as  a headword. Is that the difference between italicisation or
   not for genus names? -->


   Tab"u*late  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Tabulated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tabulating.] [L. tabula a table. See Tabular.]

   1. To form into a table or tables; to reduce to tables or synopses.

     A  philosophy  is  not  worth the having, unless its results may be
     tabulated, and put in figures. I. Taylor.

   2. To shape with a flat surface.


   Tab`u*la"tion  (?),  n. The act of forming into a table or tables; as,
   the tabulation of statistics.


   Tac  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Tack,  n.,  4.] (O. Eng. Law) A kind of customary
   payment by a tenant; -- a word used in old records. Cowell. Burrill.

                             Tacamahac, Tacamahaca

   Tac"a*ma*hac` (?), Tac`a*ma*ha"ca (?), n.

   1.  A  bitter  balsamic resin obtained from tropical American trees of
   the  genus  Elaphrium (E. tomentosum and E. Tacamahaca), and also from
   East  Indian  trees  of  the  genus  Calophyllum;  also,  the resinous
   exhudation of the balsam poplar.

   2.  (Bot.)  Any  tree  yielding  tacamahac resin, especially, in North
   America, the balsam poplar, or balm of Gilead (Populus balsamifera).


   Ta*caud"  (?),  n. [Cf. F. tacaud. See Tomcod.] (Zo\'94l.) The bib, or
   whiting pout. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tace  (?),  n.  The  cross, or church, of St. Antony. See Illust. (6),
   under Cross, n. Mollett.


   Tace, n. See Tasse. Fairholt.


   Ta"cet  (?),  v.impers. [L., it is silent, 3d pers.pr. of tacere to be
   silent.]  (Mus.)  It  is  silent;  --  a  direction  for  a  vocal  or
   instrumental part to be silent during a whole movement.


   Tache  (?),  n.  [See  Tack a kind of nail.] Something used for taking
   hold or holding; a catch; a loop; a button. [Obs.] Ex. xxvi. 6.


   Tache,  n.  [F.  tache  spot.  See  Techy.] A spot, stain, or blemish.
   [Obs.] Warner.


   Tach*hy"drite  (?),  n.  [Gr. (Min.) A hydrous chloride of calcium and
   magnesium  occurring in yellowish masses which rapidly deliquesce upon
   exposure. It is found in the salt mines at Stassfurt.


   Tach"i*na  (?),  n.;  pl. Tachin\'91 (#). [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Any
   one  of  numerous  species  of Diptera belonging to Tachina and allied
   genera. Their larv\'91 are external parasites of other insects.


   Ta*chom"e*ter   (?),   n.  [Gr.  -meter:  cf.  F.  tachom\'8atre.]  An
   instrument  for  measuring  the velocity, or indicating changes in the
   velocity,  of  a  moving  body  or  substance. Specifically: -- (a) An
   instrument  for  measuring the velocity of running water in a river or
   canal,  consisting  of a wheel with inclined vanes, which is turned by
   the current. The rotations of the wheel are recorded by clockwork. (b)
   An  instrument  for  showing  at  any  moment the speed of a revolving
   shaft,  consisting  of  a delicate revolving conical pendulum which is
   driven  by the shaft, and the action of which by change of speed moves
   a  pointer  which  indicates  the  speed  on  a  graduated  dial.  (c)
   (Physiol.)  An  instrument  for measuring the velocity of the blood; a


   Tach"y*di*dax`y  (?),  n. [Gr. A short or rapid method of instructing.


   Tach`y*glos"sa  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   monotremes  which  comprises the spiny ant-eaters of Australia and New
   Guinea. See Illust. under Echidna.

                         Tachygraphic, Tachygraphical

   Tach`y*graph"ic    (?),    Tach`y*graph"ic*al    (?),   a.   [Cf.   F.
   tachygraphique.]   Of   or   pertaining  to  tachygraphy;  written  in


   Ta*chyg"ra*phy  (?), n. [Gr. -graphy: cf. F. tachygraphie.] The art or
   practice  of  rapid writing; shorthand writing; stenography. I. Taylor
   (The Alphabet).


   Tach"y*lyte  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Min.)  A  vitreous form of basalt; -- so
   called because decompposable by acids and readily fusible.


   Tac"it  (?), a. [L. tacitus, p.p. of tacere to be silent, to pass over
   in  silence; akin to Goth. to be silent, Icel. , OHG. dag\'c7n: cf. F.
   tacite.  Cf.  Reticent.]  Done  or  made  in silence; implied, but not
   expressed;  silent; as, tacit consent is consent by silence, or by not
   interposing an objection. -- Tac"it*ly, adv.

     The  tacit  and  secret  theft  of  abusing  our  brother  in civil
     contracts. Jer. Taylor.


   Tac"i*turn  (?),  a.  [L.  taciturnus:  cf.  F. taciturne. See Tacit.]
   Habitually silent; not given to converse; not apt to talk or speak. --
   Tac"i*turn*ly, adv. Syn. -- Silent; reserved. Taciturn, Silent. Silent
   has  reference to the act; taciturn, to the habit. A man may be silent
   from  circumstances;  he  is taciturn from disposition. The loquacious
   man  is  at times silent; one who is taciturn may now and then make an
   effort at conversation.


   Tac`i*tur"ni*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  taciturnitas:  cf. F. taciturnit\'82.]
   Habilual silence, or reserve in speaking.

     The  cause of Addison's taciturnity was a natural diffidence in the
     company of strangers. V. Knox.

     The  taciturnity  and the short answers which gave so much offense.


   Tack (?), n. [From an old or dialectal form of F. tache. See Techy.]

   1. A stain; a tache. [Obs.]

   2.  [Cf.  L.  tactus.]  A  peculiar flavor or taint; as, a musty tack.
   [Obs. or Colloq.] Drayton.


   Tack,  n. [OE. tak, takke, a fastening; akin to D. tak a branch, twig,
   G.  zacke a twig, prong, spike, Dan. takke a tack, spike; cf. also Sw.
   tagg prickle, point, Icel. t\'beg a willow twig, Ir. taca a peg, nail,
   fastening, Gael. tacaid, Armor. & Corn. tach; perhaps akin to E. take.
   Cf. Attach, Attack, Detach, Tag an end, Zigzag.]

   1.  A  small,  short, sharp-pointed nail, usually having a broad, flat

   2. That which is attached; a supplement; an appendix. See Tack, v. t.,
   3. Macaulay.

     Some tacks had been made to money bills in King Charles's time. Bp.

   Page 1468

   3. (Naut.) (a) A rope used to hold in place the foremost lower corners
   of  the  courses when the vessel is closehauled (see Illust. of Ship);
   also,  a  rope employed to pull the lower corner of a studding sail to
   the  boom.  (b)  The  part  of  a  sail  to  which the tack is usually
   fastened;  the  foremost  lower  corner  of  fore-and-aft sails, as of
   schooners  (see  Illust.  of  Sail).  (c) The direction of a vessel in
   regard to the trim of her sails; as, the starboard tack, or port tack;
   --  the  former when she is closehauled with the wind on her starboard
   side;  hence,  the  run  of  a  vessel  on one tack; also, a change of

   4.  (Scots Law) A contract by which the use of a thing is set, or let,
   for hire; a lease. Burrill.

   5. Confidence; reliance. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
   Tack of a flag (Naut.), a line spliced into the eye at the foot of the
   hoist  for  securing  the  flag to the halyards. -- Tack pins (Naut.),
   belaying  pins;  -- also called jack pins. -- To haul the tacks aboard
   (Naut.),  to  set  the  courses. -- To hold tack, to last or hold out.


   Tack  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Tacked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tacking.]
   [Cf.  OD. tacken to touch, take, seize, fix, akin to E. take. See Tack
   a small nail.]

   1.  To fasten or attach. "In hopes of getting some commendam tacked to
   their sees." Swift.

     And tacks the center to the sphere. Herbert.

   2.  Especially, to attach or secure in a slight or hasty manner, as by
   stitching  or  nailing;  as, to tack together the sheets of a book; to
   tack  one piece of cloth to another; to tack on a board or shingle; to
   tack one piece of metal to another by drops of solder.

   3. In parliamentary usage, to add (a supplement) to a bill; to append;
   -- often with on or to. Macaulay.

   4.  (Naut.)  To  change  the  direction  of  (a  vessel)  when sailing
   closehauled, by putting the helm alee and shifting the tacks and sails
   so  that  she  will  proceed to windward nearly at right angles to her
   former course.

     NOTE: &hand; In  ta cking, a  ve ssel is  brought to point at first
     directly  to  windward, and then so that the wind will blow against
     the other side.


   Tack,  v.  i.  (Naut.) To change the direction of a vessel by shifting
   the  position  of  the  helm and sails; also (as said of a vessel), to
   have her direction changed through the shifting of the helm and sails.
   See Tack, v. t., 4.

     Monk,  . . . when he wanted his ship to tack to larboard, moved the
     mirth of his crew by calling out, "Wheel to the left." Macaulay.


   Tack"er (?), n. One who tacks.


   Tack"et  (?),  n.  [Dim.  of tack a small nail.] A small, broad-headed
   nail. [Scot.] Jamieson.


   Tack"ey (?), a. & n. See Tacky.


   Tack"ing, n. (Law) A union of securities given at different times, all
   of  which  must  be  redeemed  before  an  intermediate  purchaser can
   interpose his claim. Bouvier.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e doctrine of tacking is not recognized in American



   Tac"kle  (?; sometimes improperly pronounced ?, especially by seamen),
   n.  [OE.  takel,  akin  to  LG.  &  D. takel, Dan. takkel, Sw. tackel;
   perhaps akin to E. taw, v.t., or to take.]

   1.  Apparatus  for  raising or lowering heavy weights, consisting of a
   rope  and  pulley  blocks;  sometimes,  the  rope  and attachments, as
   distinct from the block.

   2. Any instruments of action; an apparatus by which an object is moved
   or  operated;  gear;  as,  fishing  tackle,  hunting tackle; formerly,
   specifically, weapons. "She to her tackle fell." Hudibras.

     NOTE: &hand; In Chaucer, it denotes usually an arrow or arrows.

   3.  (Naut.)  The  rigging  and apparatus of a ship; also, any purchase
   where more than one block is used.
   Fall  and  tackle.  See  the Note under Pulley. -- Fishing tackle. See
   under  Fishing,  a. -- Ground tackle (Naut.), anchors, cables, etc. --
   Gun  tackle, the apparatus or appliances for hauling cannon in or out.
   --  Tackle fall, the rope, or rather the end of the rope, of a tackle,
   to  which the power is applied. -- Tack tackle (Naut.), a small tackle
   to pull down the tacks of the principal sails. -- Tackle board, Tackle
   post  (Ropemaking), a board, frame, or post, at the end of a ropewalk,
   for supporting the spindels, or whirls, for twisting the yarns.


   Tac"kle,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Tackled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tackling.]
   [Cf. LG. takeln to equip. See Tackle, n.]

   1. To supply with tackle. Beau. & Fl.

   2.  To fasten or attach, as with a tackle; to harness; as, to tackle a
   horse into a coach or wagon. [Colloq.]

   3.  To  seize;  to lay hold of; to grapple; as, a wrestler tackles his
   antagonist; a dog tackles the game.

     The greatest poetess of our day has wasted her time and strength in
     tackling  windmills  under conditions the most fitted to insure her
     defeat. Dublin Univ. Mag.

   <--  4.  (Football)  To  cause the ball carrier to fall to the ground,
   thus  ending the forward motion of the ball. 5. To begin to deal with;
   as, to tackle the problem. -->


   Tac"kled (?), a. Made of ropes tacked together.

     My man shall be with thee, And bring thee cords made like a tackled
     stair. Shak.


   Tac"kling, n. (Naut.)

   1.  Furniture  of  the masts and yards of a vessel, as cordage, sails,

   2. Instruments of action; as, fishing tackling. Walton.

   3.  The  straps and fixures adjusted to an animal, by which he draws a
   carriage, or the like; harness.


   Tacks"man (?), n.; pl. Tacksmen (. (Scots Law) One who holds a tack or
   lease from another; a tenant, or lessee. Sir W. Scott.

     The  tacksmen,  who  formed what may be called the "peerage" of the
     little community, must be the captains. Macaulay.


   Tack"y  (?),  a.  [Cf.  Techy, Tack a spot.] Sticky; adhesive; raw; --
   said  of  paint, varnish, etc., when not well dried. [U. S.] <-- 2. In
   poor  taste;  appearing  cheap;  gaudy;  unstylish.  Broadly  used  to
   describe  objects  whose  style  is  disapproved of by the speaker. 3.
   Tactless; in poor taste; -- used to describe behavior. -->


   Ta*con"ic (?), a. (Geol.) Designating, or pertaining to, the series of
   rocks  forming the Taconic mountains in Western New England. They were
   once  supposed  to  be  older  than  the Cambrian, but later proved to
   belong to the Lower Silurian and Cambrian.


   Tact  (?),  n.  [L.  tactus a touching, touch, fr. tangere, tactum, to
   touch: cf. F. tact. See Tangent.]

   1. The sense of touch; feeling.

     Did  you  suppose  that I could not make myself sensible to tact as
     well as sight? Southey.

     Now, sight is a very refined tact. J. Le Conte.

   2. (Mus.) The stroke in beating time.

   3.  Sensitive mental touch; peculiar skill or faculty; nice perception
   or discernment; ready power of appreciating and doing what is required
   by circumstances.

     He  had formed plans not inferior in grandeur and boldness to those
     of  Richelieu,  and  had  carried  them into effect with a tact and
     wariness worthy of Mazarin. Macaulay.

     A  tact  which surpassed the tact of her sex as much as the tact of
     her sex surpassed the tact of ours. Macaulay.


   Tac"ta*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of  being touched; tangible. [R.] "They
   [women] being created to be both tractable and tactable." Massinger.

                               Tactic, Tactical

   Tac"tic (?), Tac"tic*al (?), a. [Gr. tactics.] Of or pertaining to the
   art of military and naval tactics. -- Tac"tic*al*ly, adv.


   Tac"tic (?), n. See Tactics.


   Tac*ti"cian  (?), n. [Cf. F. tacticien.] One versed in tactics; hence,
   a   skillful   maneuverer;  an  adroit  manager.  <--  as,  a  skilled
   parliamentary tactician. -->


   Tac"tics (?), n. [Gr. tactique.]

   1. The science and art of disposing military and naval forces in order
   for  battle,  and  performing  military  and  naval  evolutions. It is
   divided  into grand tactics, or the tactics of battles, and elementary
   tactics, or the tactics of instruction.

   2. Hence, any system or method of procedure.


   Tac"tile  (?),  a. [L. tactilis, fr. tangere, tactum, to touch: cf. F.
   tactile.]  Of  or  pertaining  to  the organs, or the sense, of touch;
   perceiving,  or  perceptible,  by the touch; capable of being touched;
   as,   tactile   corpuscles;   tactile  sensations.  "Tactile  sweets."
   Beaumont.  "Tactile qualities." Sir M. Hale. Tactile sense (Physiol.),
   the sense of touch, or pressure sense. See Touch.

     The  delicacy of the tactile sense varies on different parts of the
     skin;  it  is  geatest  on  the  forehead,  temples and back of the
     forearm. H. N. Martin.


   Tac*til"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. tactilit\'82.] The quality or state of
   being tactile; perceptibility by touch; tangibleness.


   Tac"tion  (?), n. [L. tactio, from tangere, tactum, to touch.] The act
   of   touching;   touch;   contact;   tangency.   "External   taction."


   Tact"less (?), a. Destitute of tact.


   Tac"tu*al  (?),  a.  [See  Tact.]  (Physiol.)  Of or pertaining to the
   sense, or the organs, of touch; derived from touch.

     In  the  lowest  organisms we have a kind of tactual sense diffused
     over the entire body. Tyndall.


   Tad"pole`  (?),  n.  [OE. tadde toad (AS. t\'bedie, t\'bedige) + poll;
   properly, a toad that is or seems all head. See Toad, and Poll.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.) The young aquatic larva of any amphibian. In this stage
   it  breathes  by  means  of  external  or  internal gills, is at first
   destitute  of  legs,  and  has  a  finlike tail. Called also polliwig,
   polliwog, porwiggle, or purwiggy.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The hooded merganser. [Local, U.S.]
   Tadpole fish. (Zo\'94l.) See Forkbeard (a).


   T\'91"di*um (?), n. [L.] See Tedium.


   Tael  (?),  n.  [Malay  ta, a certain weight, probably fr. Hind. tola,
   Skr.  tul\'be  a  balance,  weight,  tul  to weigh.] A denomination of
   money,  in  China,  worth  nearly  six  shillings sterling, or about a
   dollar  and  forty  cents;  also,  a  weight of one ounce and a third.
   [Written also tale.]

                                Taen, OR Ta'en

   Taen  (?),  OR Ta'en, p. p. of Ta, to take, or a contraction of Taken.
   [Poetic & Scot.] Burns.


   T\'91"ni*a (?), n.; pl. T\'91ni\'91 (#). [L., a ribbon, a tapeworm.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus of intestinal worms which includes the common
   tapeworms of man. See Tapeworm.

   2.  (Anat.) A band; a structural line; -- applied to several bands and
   lines of nervous matter in the brain.

   3.  (Arch.)  The  fillet,  or  band,  at the bottom of a Doric frieze,
   separating it from the architrave.


   T\'91*ni"a*da (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) Same as T\'91nioidea.


   T\'91`ni*a"ta  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. taenia a ribbon.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   division  of  Ctenophora including those which have a long, ribbonlike
   body. The Venus's girdle is the most familiar example.


   T\'91*nid"i*um (?), n.; pl. T\'91nidia (#). [NL., dim. fr. L. taenia a
   ribbon.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The chitinous fiber forming the spiral thread of
   the trache\'91 of insects. See Illust. of Trachea.


   T\'91`ni*o*glos"sa  (?),  n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An extensive
   division  of  gastropod  mollusks in which the odontophore is long and
   narrow,  and  usually  bears  seven rows of teeth. It includes a large
   number of families both marine and fresh-water.


   T\'91`ni*o*glos"sate  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Of  or  pertaining  to the


   T\'91"ni*oid (?), a. [T\'91nia + -oid.]

   1. Ribbonlike; shaped like a ribbon.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) Like or pertaining to T\'91nia.


   T\'91`ni*oi"de*a  (?), n. pl. (Zo\'94l.) The division of cestode worms
   which comprises the tapeworms. See Tapeworm.


   T\'91*ni"o*la  (?),  n.;  pl. T\'91niol\'91 (#). [L., dim. of taenia a
   ribbon.]  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of the radial partitions which separate the
   internal cavities of certain medus\'91.


   T\'91`ni*o*so"mi  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An order of
   fishes  remarkable  for  their  long  and  compressed form. The ribbon
   fishes are examples. See Ribbon fish, under Ribbon.


   Taf"fer*er (?), n. (Naut.) See Taffrail.

                               Taffeta, Taffety

   Taf"fe*ta  (?),  Taf"fe*ty  (?), n. [F. taffetas, It. taffet\'85, from
   Per.  t\'beftah,  originally, twisted, woven, from t\'beftan to twist,
   to spin.] A fine, smooth stuff of silk, having usually the wavy luster
   called  watering. The term has also been applied to different kinds of
   silk goods, from the 16th century to modern times.

     Lined with taffeta and with sendal. Chaucer.


   Taff"rail  (?), n. [D. tafereel a panel, picture, fr. tafel table, fr.
   L. tabula. See Table.] (Naut.) The upper part of a ship's stern, which
   is  flat like a table on the top, and sometimes ornamented with carved
   work; the rail around a ship's stern. [Written also tafferel.]


   Taf"fy (?), n. [Prov. E. taffy toffy.]

   1.  A  kind  of  candy made of molasses or brown sugar boiled down and
   poured out in shallow pans. [Written also, in England, toffy.]

   2. Flattery; soft phrases. [Slang]


   Taf"i*a (?), n. [Cf. F. & Sp. tafia, It. taffia; fr. Malay t\'bef\'c6a
   a  spirit  distilled  from  molasses.  Cf. Ratafia.] A variety of rum.
   [West Indies]


   Tag  (?),  n.  [Probably  akin  to  tack  a small nail; cf. Sw. tagg a
   prickle, point, tooth.]

   1.  Any  slight appendage, as to an article of dress; something slight
   hanging loosely; specifically, a direction card, or label.

   2.  A  metallic  binding,  tube,  or point, at the end of a string, or
   lace, to stiffen it.

   3. The end, or catchword, of an actor's speech; cue.

   4. Something mean and paltry; the rabble. [Obs.]
   Tag and rag, the lowest sort; the rabble. Holinshed.

   5.  A  sheep  of the first year. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. <-- Tag sale.
   [From  the  price tag usually attached to each item] A sale of usually
   used   items   (such   as  furniture,  clothing,  household  items  or
   bric-a-brac),  conducted  by one or a small group of individuals, at a
   location which is not a normal retail establishment.

     NOTE: Frequently it  is  he ld in  th e pr ivate ho me or in a yard
     attached  to  a  private home belonging to the seller. Similar to a
     yard sale or garage sale. Compare flea market, where used items are
     sold by many individuals in a place rented for the purpose.



   Tag, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tagged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tagging (?).]

   1. To fit with, or as with, a tag or tags.

     He learned to make long-tagged thread laces. Macaulay.

     His  courteous  host  .  .  . Tags every sentence with some fawning
     word. Dryden.

   2. To join; to fasten; to attach. Bolingbroke.

   3.  To  follow closely after; esp., to follow and touch in the game of
   tag. See Tag, a play.


   Tag,  v.  i. To follow closely, as it were an appendage; -- often with
   after; as, to tag after a person.


   Tag,  n.  [From Tag, v.; cf. Tag, an end.] A child's play in which one
   runs  after  and  touches  another,  and then runs away to avoid being


   Tag"belt` (?), n. (Far.) Same as Tagsore. [Obs.]


   Tag"ger (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, appends or joins one thing to another.

   2. That which is pointed like a tag.

     Hedgehogs' or procupines' small taggers. Cotton.

   3. pl. Sheets of tin or other plate which run below the gauge. Knight.

   4.  A  device  for removing taglocks from sheep. Knight. <-- [Colloq.]
   One  who  spray-paints  a distinctive logo on a wall or other property
   not his own. -->


   Tag"let (?), n. A little tag.


   Tagl"ia  (?),  n. [It., a cutting, a pulley, from tagliare to cut. See
   Tailor.] (Mech.) A peculiar combination of pulleys. Brande & C.


   Tagl`ia*co"tain  (?),  a.  (Surg.)  Of or pertaining to Tagliacozzi, a
   Venetian   surgeon;  as,  the  Tagliacotian  operation,  a  method  of
   rhinoplasty described by him. [Also Taliacotian, and Tagliacozzian.]


   Tagl*io"ni (?), n. A kind of outer coat, or overcoat; -- said to be so
   named after a celebrated Italian family of professional dancers.

     He  ought  certainly  to  exchange  his  taglioni,  or  comfortable
     greatcoat, for a cuirass of steel. Sir W. Scott.


   Tag"lock` (?), n. An entangled lock, as of hair or wool. Nares.


   Tag"ni*cate (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The white-lipped peccary.


   Tag"-rag`  (?), n. & a. [See Tag an end, and Rag.] The lowest class of
   people; the rabble. Cf. Rag, tag, and bobtail, under Bobtail.

     If  the  tag-rag people did not clap him and hiss him, I am no true
     man. Shak.


   Tag"sore`  (?),  n. (Far.) Adhesion of the tail of a sheep to the wool
   from  excoriation  produced  by contact with the feces; -- called also
   tagbelt. [Obs.]


   Tag"tail` (?), n.

   1. A worm which has its tail conspicuously colored.

   2.  A  person  who attaches himself to another against the will of the
   latter; a hanger-on.


   Tag"u*an (?), n. [From the native name in the East Indies.] (Zo\'94l.)
   A  large  flying  squirrel (Pteromys petuarista). Its body becomes two
   feet long, with a large bushy tail nearly as long.

   Page 1469


   Ta`gui*ca"ti   (?),   n.   [From  the  native  name.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The
   white-lipped peccary.


   Ta"ha  (?),  n.  The  African  rufous-necked weaver bird (Hyphantornis


   Ta*ha"leb  (?),  n.  [From  the native name.] (Zo\'94l.) A fox (Vulpes
   Niloticus) of Northern Africa.


   Ta*hi"ti*an  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to Tahiti, an island in the
   Pacific Ocean. -- n. A native inhabitant of Tahiti.


   Tahr (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Thar.


   Tail  (?),  n.  [F.  taille  a  cutting.  See  Entail,  Tally.]  (Law)
   Limitation;  abridgment. Burrill. Estate in tail, a limited, abridged,
   or reduced fee; an estate limited to certain heirs, and from which the
   other heirs are precluded; -- called also estate tail. Blackstone.


   Tail, a. (Law) Limited; abridged; reduced; curtailed; as, estate tail.


   Tail,  n.  [AS.  t\'91gel,  t\'91gl; akin to G. zagel, Icel. tagl, Sw.
   tagel, Goth. tagl hair. \'fb59.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.) The terminal, and usually flexible, posterior appendage
   of an animal.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e tail of mammals and reptiles contains a series of
     movable  vertebr\'91, and is covered with flesh and hairs or scales
     like  those  of other parts of the body. The tail of existing birds
     consists  of  several  more  or less consolidated vertebr\'91 which
     supports  a  fanlike group of quills to which the term tail is more
     particularly  applied.  The tail of fishes consists of the tapering
     hind  portion  of the body ending in a caudal fin. The term tail is
     sometimes  applied to the entire abdomen of a crustacean or insect,
     and sometimes to the terminal piece or pygidium alone.

   2. Any long, flexible terminal appendage; whatever resembles, in shape
   or position, the tail of an animal, as a catkin.

     Doretus  writes  a  great  praise  of the distilled waters of those
     tails that hang on willow trees. Harvey.

   3.  Hence,  the back, last, lower, or inferior part of anything, -- as
   opposed to the head, or the superior part.

     The  Lord  will make thee the head, and not the tail. Deut. xxviii.

   4. A train or company of attendants; a retinue.

     "Ah,"  said he, "if you saw but the chief with his tail on." Sir W.

   5.  The  side of a coin opposite to that which bears the head, effigy,
   or  date;  the reverse; -- rarely used except in the expression "heads
   or  tails,"  employed  when  a  coin  is  thrown up for the purpose of
   deciding some point by its fall.

   6. (Anat.) The distal tendon of a muscle.

   7.  (Bot.)  A  downy  or  feathery  appendage to certain achens. It is
   formed of the permanent elongated style.

   8.  (Surg.)  (a)  A  portion  of an incision, at its beginning or end,
   which does not go through the whole thickness of the skin, and is more
   painful  than  a complete incision; -- called also tailing. (b) One of
   the strips at the end of a bandage formed by splitting the bandage one
   or more times.

   9.  (Naut.) A rope spliced to the strap of a block, by which it may be
   lashed to anything.

   10.  (Mus.)  The  part  of a note which runs perpendicularly upward or
   downward from the head; the stem. Moore (Encyc. of Music).

   11. pl. Same as Tailing, 4.

   12.  (Arch.)  The  bottom  or  lower portion of a member or part, as a
   slate or tile.

   13. pl. (Mining) See Tailing, n., 5.
   Tail  beam. (Arch.) Same as Tailpiece. -- Tail coverts (Zo\'94l.), the
   feathers  which cover the bases of the tail quills. They are sometimes
   much  longer than the quills, and form elegant plumes. Those above the
   quills  are  called the upper tail coverts, and those below, the under
   tail  coverts.  --  Tail end, the latter end; the termination; as, the
   tail  end  of  a  contest.  [Colloq.]  --  Tail joist. (Arch.) Same as
   Tailpiece.  --  Tail  of a comet (Astron.), a luminous train extending
   from  the nucleus or body, often to a great distance, and usually in a
   direction  opposite  to the sun. -- Tail of a gale (Naut.), the latter
   part  of  it,  when  the wind has greatly abated. Totten. -- Tail of a
   lock  (on a canal), the lower end, or entrance into the lower pond. --
   Tail  of  the  trenches (Fort.), the post where the besiegers begin to
   break  ground,  and  cover  themselves  from the fire of the place, in
   advancing  the  lines of approach. -- Tail spindle, the spindle of the
   tailstock  of a turning lathe; -- called also dead spindle. -- To turn
   tail, to run away; to flee.

     Would  she  turn  tail to the heron, and fly quite out another way;
     but all was to return in a higher pitch. Sir P. Sidney.


   Tail, v. t.

   1.  To  follow  or hang to, like a tail; to be attached closely to, as
   that which can not be evaded. [Obs.]

     Nevertheless  his  bond  of  two  thousand pounds, wherewith he was
     tailed,   continued   uncanceled,   and  was  called  on  the  next
     Parliament. Fuller.

   2. To pull or draw by the tail. [R.] Hudibras.
   To  tail in OR on (Arch.), to fasten by one of the ends into a wall or
   some other support; as, to tail in a timber.


   Tail, v. i.

   1.  (Arch.) To hold by the end; -- said of a timber when it rests upon
   a wall or other support; -- with in or into.

   2.  (Naut.) To swing with the stern in a certain direction; -- said of
   a vessel at anchor; as, this vessel tails down stream.
   Tail on. (Naut.) See Tally on, under Tally.


   Tail"age (?), n. (O. Eng. Law) See Tallage.


   Tail"-bay` (?), n.

   1.  (Arch.)  One  of the joists which rest one end on the wall and the
   other  on  a  girder;  also,  the space between a wall and the nearest
   girder of a floor. Cf. Case-bay.

   2. The part of a canal lock below the lower gates.


   Tail"block` (?), n. (Naut.) A block with a tail. See Tail, 9.


   Tail"board`  (?),  n.  The  board  at the rear end of a cart or wagon,
   which  can  be  removed  or  let  down,  for convenience in loading or


   Tailed (?), a. Having a tail; having (such) a tail or (so many) tails;
   -- chiefly used in composition; as, bobtailed, longtailed, etc.

     Snouted and tailed like a boar. Grew.


   Tail"ing (?), n.

   1. (Arch.) The part of a projecting stone or brick inserted in a wall.

   2. (Surg.) Same as Tail, n., 8 (a).

   3. Sexual intercourse. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   4.  pl.  The  lighter parts of grain separated from the seed threshing
   and winnowing; chaff.

   5. pl. (Mining) The refuse part of stamped ore, thrown behind the tail
   of the buddle or washing apparatus. It is dressed over again to secure
   whatever metal may exist in it. Called also tails. Pryce.


   Taille (?), n. [F. See Tally, Tailor.]

   1. A tally; an account scored on a piece of wood. [Obs.]

     Whether that he paid or took by taille. Chaucer.

   2.  (O.  F. Law) Any imposition levied by the king, or any other lord,
   upon his subjects.

     The taille, as it still subsists in France, may serve as an example
     of  those  ancient  tallages.  It was a tax upon the profits of the
     farmer, which they estimate by the stock that he has upon the farm.
     A. Smith.

   3.  (Mus.)  The French name for the tenor voice or part; also, for the
   tenor viol or viola.


   Tail"less (?), a. Having no tail. H. Spencer.


   Tail"lie (?), n. (Scots Law) Same as Tailzie.


   Tai"lor  (?),  n.  [OF.  tailleor,  F.  tailleur, fr. OF. taillier, F.
   tailler  to  cut,  fr.  L.  talea  a  rod, stick, a cutting, layer for
   planting. Cf. Detail, Entail, Retail, Tally, n.]

   1.  One  whose occupation is to cut out and make men's garments; also,
   one who cuts out and makes ladies' outer garments.

     Well  said,  good  woman's  tailor  . . . I would thou wert a man's
     tailor. Shak.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The mattowacca; -- called also tailor herring. (b)
   The silversides.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) The goldfish. [Prov. Eng.]
   Salt-water tailor (Zo\'94l.), the bluefish. [Local, U.S.] Bartlett. --
   Tailor  bird  (Zo\'94l.), any one of numerous species of small Asiatic
   and  East  Indian  singing  birds belonging to Orthotomus, Prinia, and
   allied genera. They are noted for the skill with which they sew leaves
   together  to  form nests. The common Indian species are O. longicauda,
   which has the back, scapulars, and upper tail coverts yellowish green,
   and  the  under  parts  white;  and  the golden-headed tailor bird (O.
   coronatus),  which  has the top of the head golden yellow and the back
   and wings pale olive-green.


   Tai"lor, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Tailored (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tailoring.]
   To practice making men's clothes; to follow the business of a tailor.

     These  tailoring  artists  for  our  lays  Invent cramped rules. M.


   Tai"lor*ess, n. A female tailor.


   Tai"lor*ing, adv. The business or the work of a tailor or a tailoress.


   Tail"piece` (?), n.

   1. A piece at the end; an appendage.

   2.  (Arch.)  One  of  the  timbers  which tail into a header, in floor
   framing. See Illust. of Header.

   3.  (Print.)  An ornament placed at the bottom of a short page to fill
   up the space, or at the end of a book. Savage.

   4.  A  piece of ebony or other material attached to the lower end of a
   violin or similar instrument, to which the strings are fastened.


   Tail"pin"  (?),  n.  (Mach.)  The  center  in the spindle of a turning


   Tail"race` (?), n.

   1. See Race, n., 6.

   2.  (Mining)  The  channel  in which tailings, suspended in water, are
   conducted away.


   Tail"stock`  (?),  n.  The sliding block or support, in a lathe, which
   carries the dead spindle, or adjustable center. The headstock supports
   the live spindle.


   Tail"-wa`ter (?), n. Water in a tailrace.


   Tail"zie  (-z&icr;  OR  -y&icr;),  n.  [F.  tailler to cut. See Tail a
   limitation.]  (Scots  Law)  An  entailment  or  deed whereby the legal
   course  of  succession  is  cut off, and an arbitrary one substituted.
   [Written also tailzee.]


   Tain  (?),  n.  [OE.  tein, teyne; cf. Icel. teinn a twig, akin to AS.
   t\'ben,  Goth.  tains.]  Thin  tin  plate; also, tin foil for mirrors.


   Taint (?), n. [Cf. F. atteinte a blow, bit, stroke. See Attaint.]

   1. A thrust with a lance, which fails of its intended effect. [Obs.]

     This  taint  he followed with his sword drawn from a silver sheath.

   2.  An  injury  done  to  a  lance  in an encounter, without its being
   broken;  also, a breaking of a lance in an encounter in a dishonorable
   or unscientific manner. [Obs.]


   Taint,  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Tainted (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tainting.] To
   thrust ineffectually with a lance. [Obs.]


   Taint, v. t.

   1.  To  injure,  as a lance, without breaking it; also, to break, as a
   lance, but usually in an unknightly or unscientific manner. [Obs.]

     Do not fear; I have A staff to taint, and bravely. Massinger.

   2. To hit or touch lightly, in tilting. [Obs.]

     They tainted each other on the helms and passed by. Ld. Berners.


   Taint, v. t. [F. teint, p.p. of teindre to dye, tinge, fr. L. tingere,
   tinctum. See Tinge, and cf. Tint.]

   1.  To  imbue or impregnate with something extraneous, especially with
   something odious, noxious, or poisonous; hence, to corrupt; to infect;
   to poison; as, putrid substance taint the air.

   2. Fig.: To stain; to sully; to tarnish.

     His unkindness may defeat my life, But never taint my love. Shak.

   Syn.  --  To  contaminate;  defile; pollute; corrupt; infect; disease;
   vitiate; poison.


   Taint (?), v. i.

   1.  To  be  infected  or  corrupted;  to  be  touched  with  something

     I can not taint with fear. Shak.

   2. To be affected with incipient putrefaction; as, meat soon taints in
   warm weather.


   Taint, n.

   1. Tincture; hue; color; tinge. [Obs.]

   2. Infection; corruption; deprivation.

     He  had inherited from his parents a scrofulous taint, which it was
     beyond the power of medicine to remove. Macaulay.

   3. A blemish on reputation; stain; spot; disgrace.


   Taint"less, a. Free from taint or infection; pure.


   Taint"less*ly, adv. In a taintless manner.


   Tain"ture (?), n. [F. teinture. See Taint to stain, and cf. Tincture.]
   Taint; tinge; difilement; stain; spot. [R.] Shak.


   Taint"worm`  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A destructive parasitic worm or insect


   Tai"ra (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Tayra.


   Tairn (?), n. See Tarn. Coleridge.


   Tait  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small nocturnal and arboreal Australian
   marsupial  (Tarsipes  rostratus)  about  the size of a mouse. It has a
   long  muzzle,  a long tongue, and very few teeth, and feeds upon honey
   and insects. Called also noolbenger.

                              Taja\'87u, Tajassu

   Ta*ja\'87"u,   Ta*jas"su   (?),   n.  [Pg.  taja\'87\'a3,  from  Braz.
   taya\'87\'a3  a  hog  or  swine.]  (Zo\'94l.) The common, or collared,


   Take (?), obs. p. p. of Take. Taken. Chaucer.

   Page 1470


   Take, v. t. [imp. Took (?); p. p. Takend (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Taking.]
   [Icel.  taka; akin to Sw. taga, Dan. tage, Goth. t\'c7kan to touch; of
   uncertain origin.]

   1.  In  an  active  sense; To lay hold of; to seize with the hands, or
   otherwise; to grasp; to get into one's hold or possession; to procure;
   to  seize  and  carry  away; to convey. Hence, specifically: -- (a) To
   obtain  possession  of  by  force  or  artifice; to get the custody or
   control  of;  to  reduce  into  subjection  to one's power or will; to
   capture; to seize; to make prisoner; as, to take am army, a city, or a
   ship; also, to come upon or befall; to fasten on; to attack; to seize;
   -- said of a disease, misfortune, or the like.

     This man was taken of the Jews. Acts xxiii. 27.

     Men  in their loose, unguarded hours they take; Not that themselves
     are wise, but others weak. Pope.

     They  that  come abroad after these showers are commonly taken with
     sickness. Bacon.

     There  he blasts the tree and takes the cattle And makes milch kine
     yield blood. Shak.

   (b)  To  gain or secure the interest or affection of; to captivate; to
   engage; to interest; to charm.

     Neither let her take thee with her eyelids. Prov. vi. 25.

     Cleombroutus  was  so  taken  with  this  prospect,  that he had no
     patience. Wake.

     I  know  not  why,  but  there  was  a something in those half-seen
     features,  --  a  charm  in  the  very  shadow that hung over their
     imagined  beauty,  --  which  took  me more than all the outshining
     loveliness of her companions. Moore.

   (c)  To  make  selection  of;  to  choose;  also,  to turn to; to have
   recourse to; as, to take the road to the right.

     Saul  said,  Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan
     was taken. 1 Sam. xiv. 42.

     The  violence of storming is the course which God is forced to take
     for the destroying . . . of sinners. Hammond.

   (d) To employ; to use; to occupy; hence, to demand; to require; as, it
   takes so much cloth to make a coat.

     This man always takes time . . . before he passes his judgments. I.

   (e)  To  form a likeness of; to copy; to delineate; to picture; as, to
   take picture of a person.

     Beauty alone could beauty take so right. Dryden.

   (f) To draw; to deduce; to derive. [R.]

     The firm belief of a future judgment is the most forcible motive to
     a  good  life,  because  taken  from this consideration of the most
     lasting happiness and misery. Tillotson.

   (g)  To  assume;  to  adopt;  to acquire, as shape; to permit to one's
   self;  to indulge or engage in; to yield to; to have or feel; to enjoy
   or experience, as rest, revenge, delight, shame; to form and adopt, as
   a  resolution;  --  used  in  general  senses,  limited by a following
   complement,  in  many  idiomatic  phrases; as, to take a resolution; I
   take  the liberty to say. (h) To lead; to conduct; as, to take a child
   to  church.  (i)  To  carry; to convey; to deliver to another; to hand
   over; as, he took the book to the bindery.

     He took me certain gold, I wot it well. Chaucer.

   (k)  To  remove; to withdraw; to deduct; -- with from; as, to take the
   breath from one; to take two from four.

   2.  In  a  somewhat  passive sense, to receive; to bear; to endure; to
   acknowledge;  to  accept. Specifically: -- (a) To accept, as something
   offered; to receive; not to refuse or reject; to admit.

     Ye  shall  take  no  satisfaction  for the life of a murderer. Num.
     xxxv. 31.

     Let  not  a widow be taken into the number under threescore. 1 Tim.
     v. 10.

   (b)  To  receive  as something to be eaten or dronk; to partake of; to
   swallow;  as,  to  take food or wine. (c) Not to refuse or balk at; to
   undertake readily; to clear; as, to take a hedge or fence. (d) To bear
   without ill humor or resentment; to submit to; to tolerate; to endure;
   as, to take a joke; he will take an affront from no man. (e) To admit,
   as,  something  presented  to  the  mind; not to dispute; to allow; to
   accept; to receive in thought; to entertain in opinion; to understand;
   to  interpret; to regard or look upon; to consider; to suppose; as, to
   take  a thing for granted; this I take to be man's motive; to take men
   for spies.

     You take me right. Bacon.

     Charity,  taken  in  its  largest  extent,  is nothing else but the
     science love of God and our neighbor. Wake.

     [He]  took that for virtue and affection which was nothing but vice
     in a disguise. South.

     You'd doubt his sex, and take him for a girl. Tate.

   (f) To accept the word or offer of; to receive and accept; to bear; to
   submit  to;  to  enter into agreement with; -- used in general senses;
   as, to take a form or shape.

     I take thee at thy word. Rowe.

     Yet  thy  moist clay is pliant to command; . . . Not take the mold.

   To  be  taken aback, To take advantage of, To take air, etc. See under
   Aback, Advantage, etc. -- To take aim, to direct the eye or weapon; to
   aim.  -- To take along, to carry, lead, or convey. -- To take arms, to
   commence war or hostilities. -- To take away, to carry off; to remove;
   to  cause  deprivation of; to do away with; as, a bill for taking away
   the  votes  of  bishops.  "By  your  own  law, I take your life away."
   Dryden. -- To take breath, to stop, as from labor, in order to breathe
   or  rest;  to  recruit  or  refresh  one's  self.  -- To take care, to
   exercise  care or vigilance; to be solicitous. "Doth God take care for
   oxen?"  1  Cor.  ix. 9. -- To take care of, to have the charge or care
   of;  to  care  for; to superintend or oversee. -- To take down. (a) To
   reduce;  to  bring down, as from a high, or higher, place; as, to take
   down  a  book;  hence, to bring lower; to depress; to abase or humble;
   as,  to  take  down  pride,  or  the  proud.  "I never attempted to be
   impudent  yet,  that I was not taken down." Goldsmith. (b) To swallow;
   as, to take down a potion. (c) To pull down; to pull to pieces; as, to
   take  down a house or a scaffold. (d) To record; to write down; as, to
   take down a man's words at the time he utters them. -- To take effect,
   To  take  fire.  See  under Effect, and Fire. -- To take ground to the
   right  OR to the left (Mil.), to extend the line to the right or left;
   to  move,  as  troops, to the right or left. -- To take heart, to gain
   confidence  or  courage;  to  be  encouraged.  --  To take heed, to be
   careful  or cautious. "Take heed what doom against yourself you give."
   Dryden.  -- To take heed to, to attend with care, as, take heed to thy
   ways.  --  To  take hold of, to seize; to fix on. -- To take horse, to
   mount  and  ride a horse. -- To take in. (a) To inclose; to fence. (b)
   To  encompass or embrace; to comprise; to comprehend. (c) To draw into
   a smaller compass; to contract; to brail or furl; as, to take in sail.
   (d)  To  cheat;  to  circumvent; to gull; to deceive. [Colloq.] (e) To
   admit;  to  receive; as, a leaky vessel will take in water. (f) To win
   by conquest. [Obs.]
     For now Troy's broad-wayed town He shall take in. Chapman.
   (g) To receive into the mind or understanding. "Some bright genius can
   take  in  a  long  train  of  propositions."  I. Watts. (h) To receive
   regularly,  as  a  periodical work or newspaper; to take. [Eng.] -- To
   take  in  hand. See under Hand. -- To take in vain, to employ or utter
   as  in  an  oath. "Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in
   vain." Ex. xx. 7. -- To take issue. See under Issue. -- To take leave.
   See  Leave,  n.,  2. -- To take a newspaper, magazine, or the like, to
   receive  it  regularly,  as on paying the price of subscription. -- To
   take  notice,  to observe, or to observe with particular attention. --
   To  take  notice  of. See under Notice. -- To take oath, to swear with
   solemnity,  or in a judicial manner. -- To take off. (a) To remove, as
   from  the  surface or outside; to remove from the top of anything; as,
   to take off a load; to take off one's hat. (b) To cut off; as, to take
   off  the head, or a limb. (c) To destroy; as, to take off life. (d) To
   remove;  to  invalidate; as, to take off the force of an argument. (e)
   To  withdraw; to call or draw away. Locke. (f) To swallow; as, to take
   off a glass of wine. (g) To purchase; to take in trade. "The Spaniards
   having  no  commodities that we will take off." Locke. (h) To copy; to
   reproduce.  "Take  off  all  their  models  in  wood." Addison. (i) To
   imitate; to mimic; to personate. (k) To find place for; to dispose of;
   as,  more  scholars  than preferments can take off. [R.] Bacon. <-- to
   begin  to  fly;  --  said  of an airplane, or of a person operating an
   airplane or other flying device. --> -- To take on, to assume; to take
   upon  one's  self; as, to take on a character or responsibility. -- To
   take  one's  own course, to act one's pleasure; to pursue the measures
   of one's own choice. -- To take order for. See under Order. -- To take
   order  with, to check; to hinder; to repress. [Obs.] Bacon. -- To take
   orders.  (a)  To  receive directions or commands. (b) (Eccl.) To enter
   some  grade of the ministry. See Order, n., 10. -- To take out. (a) To
   remove  from  within a place; to separate; to deduct. (b) To draw out;
   to  remove;  to clear or cleanse from; as, to take out a stain or spot
   from  cloth.  (c) To produce for one's self; as, to take out a patent.
   <-- "produce"?? better, "obtain" --> (d) To put an end to; as, to take
   the conceit out of a man. (e) To escort; as, to take out to dinner.<--
   usu.  paying  the  expenses --> -- To take over, to undertake; to take
   the  management  of. [Eng.] Cross (Life of G. Eliot). -- To take part,
   to  share;  as, they take part in our rejoicing. -- To take part with,
   to  unite  with; to join with.<-- take part in = participate in --> --
   To  take  place, root, sides, stock, etc. See under Place, Root, Side,
   etc. -- To take the air. (a) (Falconry) To seek to escape by trying to
   rise  higher than the falcon; -- said of a bird. (b) See under Air. --
   To  take  the field. (Mil.) See under Field. -- To take thought, to be
   concerned  or  anxious; to be solicitous. Matt. vi. 25, 27. -- To take
   to heart. See under Heart. -- To take to task, to reprove; to censure.
   --  <--  to take to the air, to take off. --> To take up. (a) To lift;
   to  raise. Hood. (b) To buy or borrow; as, to take up goods to a large
   amount;  to  take up money at the bank. (c) To begin; as, to take up a
   lamentation.  Ezek.  xix.  1.  (d)  To gather together; to bind up; to
   fasten  or  to  replace; as, to take up raveled stitches; specifically
   (Surg.),  to  fasten  with  a  ligature. (e) To engross; to employ; to
   occupy  or  fill;  as, to take up the time; to take up a great deal of
   room.  (f)  To  take  permanently.  "Arnobius  asserts that men of the
   finest  parts  .  .  .  took up their rest in the Christian religion."
   Addison. (g) To seize; to catch; to arrest; as, to take up a thief; to
   take up vagabonds. (h) To admit; to believe; to receive. [Obs.]

     The ancients took up experiments upon credit. Bacon.

   (i) To answer by reproof; to reprimand; to berate.

     One of his relations took him up roundly. L'Estrange.

   (k)  To  begin  where  another  left  off;  to  keep  up in continuous

     Soon  as the evening shades prevail, The moon takes up the wondrous
     tale. Addison.

   <--  The  second  volume takes up where the first left off. --> (l) To
   assume;  to  adopt as one's own; to carry on or manage; as, to take up
   the quarrels of our neighbors; to take up current opinions. "They take
   up  our old trade of conquering." Dryden. (m) To comprise; to include.
   "The  noble  poem  of  Palemon and Arcite . . . takes up seven years."
   Dryden. (n) To receive, accept, or adopt for the purpose of assisting;
   to  espouse  the cause of; to favor. Ps. xxvii. 10. (o) To collect; to
   exact,  as  a  tax;  to  levy; as, to take up a contribution. "Take up
   commodities upon our bills." Shak. (p) To pay and receive; as, to take
   up  a  note at the bank. (q) (Mach.) To remove, as by an adjustment of
   parts;  as,  to  take  up  lost motion, as in a bearing; also, to make
   tight,  as  by  winding,  or  drawing;  as, to take up slack thread in
   sewing.  (r)  To  make  up;  to  compose;  to settle; as, to take up a
   quarrel.  [Obs.] Shak. <-- (s) To accept from someone, as a wager or a
   challenge.  "J.  took M. up on his challenge." --> -- To take up arms.
   Same  as  To  take  arms,  above.  --  To take upon one's self. (a) To
   assume;  to  undertake;  as,  he takes upon himself to assert that the
   fact  is  capable of proof. (b) To appropriate to one's self; to allow
   to  be  imputed  to,  or  inflicted upon, one's self; as, to take upon
   one's  self  a  punishment.  --  To  take  up  the gauntlet. See under


   Take (?), v. i.

   1. To take hold; to fix upon anything; to have the natural or intended
   effect;  to accomplish a purpose; as, he was inoculated, but the virus
   did not take. Shak.

     When flame taketh and openeth, it giveth a noise. Bacon.

     In  impressions  from  mind  to mind, the impression taketh, but is
     overcome . . . before it work any manifest effect. Bacon.

   2. To please; to gain reception; to succeed.

     Each  wit may praise it for his own dear sake, And hint he writ it,
     if the thing should take. Addison.

   3.  To  move or direct the course; to resort; to betake one's self; to
   proceed;  to  go; -- usually with to; as, the fox, being hard pressed,
   took to the hedge.

   4.  To  admit of being pictured, as in a photograph; as, his face does
   not take well.
   To  take  after.  (a)  To learn to follow; to copy; to imitate; as, he
   takes  after  a good pattern. (b) To resemble; as, the son takes after
   his father. -- To take in with, to resort to. [Obs.] Bacon. -- To take
   on,  to  be  violently affected; to express grief or pain in a violent
   manner.  --  To take to. (a) To apply one's self to; to be fond of; to
   become  attached  to;  as,  to take to evil practices. "If he does but
   take  to  you,  .  . . you will contract a great friendship with him."
   Walpole.  (b) To resort to; to betake one's self to. "Men of learning,
   who take to business, discharge it generally with greater honesty than
   men  of  the  world."  Addison.  --  To  take  up. (a) To stop. [Obs.]
   "Sinners  at  last  take  up  and  settle  in a contempt of religion."
   Tillotson.  (b) To reform. [Obs.] Locke. -- To take up with. (a) To be
   contended  to  receive; to receive without opposition; to put up with;
   as,  to  take  up  with  plain  fare.  "In  affairs  which may have an
   extensive  influence  on  our  future happiness, we should not take up
   with  probabilities."  I.  Watts.  (b)  To  lodge with; to dwell with.
   [Obs.] L'Estrange. -- To take with, to please. Bacon.


   Take, n.

   1.  That  which is taken; especially, the quantity of fish captured at
   one haul or catch.

   2. (Print.) The quantity or copy given to a compositor at one time.


   Take"-in` (?), n. Imposition; fraud. [Colloq.]


   Tak"en (?), p. p. of Take.


   Take"-off` (?), n. An imitation, especially in the way of caricature.


   Tak"er  (?),  n.  One  who  takes  or  receives;  one  who  catches or


   Take"-up`   (?),   n.   (Mach.)  That  which  takes  up  or  tightens;
   specifically,  a  device  in a sewing machine for drawing up the slack
   thread as the needle rises, in completing a stitch.


   Tak"ing (?), a.

   1. Apt to take; alluring; attracting.

     Subtile in making his temptations most taking. Fuller.

   2.  Infectious;  contageous. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl. -- Tak"ing*ly, adv. --
   Tak"ing*ness, n.


   Tak"ing, n.

   1. The act of gaining possession; a seizing; seizure; apprehension.

   2. Agitation; excitement; distress of mind. [Colloq.]

     What  a  taking  was  he in, when your husband asked who was in the
     basket! Shak.

   3. Malign influence; infection. [Obs.] Shak.


   Tak"ing-off` (?), n. Removal; murder. See To take off (c), under Take,
   v. t.

     The deep damnation of his taking-off. Shak.


   Tal"a*poin  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A small African monkey (Cercopithecus,
   OR Miopithecus, talapoin) -- called also melarhine.


   Ta*la"ri*a (?), n. pl. [L., from talaris pertaining to the ankles, fr.
   talus  ankle.]  (Class. Myth.) Small wings or winged shoes represented
   as fastened to the ankles, -- chiefly used as an attribute of Mercury.


   Tal"bot (?), n. A sort of dog, noted for quick scent and eager pursuit
   of game. [Obs.] Wase (1654).

     NOTE: &hand; The figure of a dog is borne in the arms of the Talbot
     family, whence, perhaps, the name.


   Tal"bo*type (?), n. (Photog.) Same as Calotype.


   Talc  (?),  n.  [F. talc; cf. Sp. & It. talco, LL. talcus; all fr. Ar.
   talq.]  (Min.) A soft mineral of a soapy feel and a greenish, whitish,
   or  grayish color, usually occurring in foliated masses. It is hydrous
   silicate  of  magnesia.  Steatite, or soapstone, is a compact granular
   variety.  Indurated talc, an impure, slaty talc, with a nearly compact
   texture,  and  greater  hardness than common talc; -- called also talc

                               Talcose, Talcous

   Tal*cose"  (?),  Talc"ous  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  talqueux.] (Min.) Of or
   pertaining to talc; composed of, or resembling, talc.


   Tale (?), n. See Tael.


   Tale,  n. [AS. talu number, speech, narrative; akin to D. taal speech,
   language,  G. zahl number, OHG. zala, Icel. tal, tala, number, speech,
   Sw.  tal, Dan. tal number, tale speech, Goth. talzjan to instruct. Cf.
   Tell, v. t., Toll a tax, also Talk, v. i.]

   1.  That  which is told; an oral relation or recital; any rehearsal of
   what  has  occured;  narrative;  discourse; statement; history; story.
   "The  tale  of  Troy  divine." Milton. "In such manner rime is Dante's
   tale." Chaucer.

     We spend our years as a tale that is told. Ps. xc. 9.

   2. A number told or counted off; a reckoning by count; an enumeration;
   a  count,  in distinction from measure or weight; a number reckoned or

     The ignorant, . . . who measure by tale, and not by weight. Hooker.

     And every shepherd tells his tale, Under the hawthornn in the dale.

     In packing, they keep a just tale of the number. Carew.

   3. (Law) A count or declaration. [Obs.]
   To tell tale of, to make account of. [Obs.]

     Therefore  little  tale  hath he told Of any dream, so holy was his
     heart. Chaucer.

   Syn.  --  Anecdote; story; fable; incident; memoir; relation; account;
   legend; narrative.


   Tale (?), v. i. To tell stories. [Obs.] Chaucer. Gower.


   Tale"bear`er  (?),  n.  One  who  officiously  tells  tales;  one  who
   impertinently or maliciously communicates intelligence, scandal, etc.,
   and makes mischief.

     Spies  and talebearers, encouraged by her father, did their best to
     inflame her resentment. Macaulay.


   Tale"bear`ing, a. Telling tales officiously.


   Tale"bear`ing,  n.  The act of informing officiously; communication of
   sectrts, scandal, etc., maliciously.


   Ta"led  (?),  n. (Jewish Antiq.) A kind of quadrangular piece of cloth
   put on by the Jews when repeating prayers in the synagogues. Crabb.


   Tale"ful (?), a. Full of stories. [R.] Thomson.


   Tal`e*gal"la  (?),  n.  [NL.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A genus of Australian birds
   which includes the brush turkey. See Brush turkey.


   Tal"ent  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  L.  talentum  a talent (in sense 1), Gr.
   tolerare,  tollere,  to  lift  up,  sustain, endure. See Thole, v. t.,

   1.  Among  the  ancient  Greeks,  a weight and a denomination of money
   equal  to  60  min\'91  or  6,000  drachm\'91.  The Attic talent, as a
   weight,  was  about  57  lbs. avoirdupois; as a denomination of silver
   money, its value was \'9c243 15s. sterling, or about $1,180.

     Rowing  vessel  whose  burden does not exceed five hundred talents.
     Jowett (Thucid.).

   2.  Among  the Hebrews, a weight and denomination of money. For silver
   it  was  equivalent to 3,000 shekels, and in weight was equal to about

   3. Inclination; will; disposition; desire. [Obs.]

     They  rather  counseled  you  to  your  talent than to your profit.

   4.  Intellectual  ability,  natural  or  acquired; mental endowment or
   capacity;  skill  in  accomplishing;  a  special gift, particularly in
   business,  art,  or  the  like;  faculty;  a  use of the word probably
   originating  in  the  Scripture  parable  of  the  talents (Matt. xxv.

     He is chiefly to be considered in his three different talents, as a
     critic, a satirist, and a writer of odes. Dryden.

     His  talents,  his  accomplishments, his graceful manners, made him
     generally popular. Macaulay.

   Syn. -- Ability; faculty; gift; endowment. See Genius.


   Tal"ent*ed,  a.  Furnished  with  talents; possessing skill or talent;
   mentally gifted. Abp. Abbot (1663).

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd has been strongly objected to by Coleridge
     and  some  other critics, but, as it would seem, upon not very good
     grounds, as the use of talent or talents to signify mental ability,
     although  at  first  merely metaphorical, is now fully established,
     and  talented, as a formative, is just as analogical and legitimate
     as  gifted, bigoted, moneyed, landed, lilied, honeyed, and numerous
     other  adjectives  having  a  participal form, but derived directly
     from nouns and not from verbs.


   Ta"les  (?),  n.  [L.,  pl.  of  talis  such (persons).] (Law) (a) pl.
   Persons  added  to  a  jury,  commonly  from  those  in  or  about the
   courthouse,  to  make  up  any  deficiency  in  the  number  of jurors
   regularly  summoned,  being  like,  or  such  as,  the latter. Blount.
   Blackstone. (b) syntactically sing. The writ by which such persons are
   summoned.  Tales  book,  a  book  containing  the names of such as are
   admitted  of  the  tales.  Blount.  Craig. -- Tales de circumstantibus
   [L.], such, or the like, from those standing about.


   Tales"man  (?), n.; pl. Talesmen (. (Law) A person called to make up a
   deficiency in the number of jurors when a tales is awarded. Wharton.


   Tale"tell`er  (?),  n. One who tells tales or stories, especially in a
   mischievous or officious manner; a talebearer; a telltale; a tattler.


   Tale"wise` (?), adv. In a way of a tale or story.


   Tal"ia*co`tian (?), a. See Tagliacotian.


   Tal`i*a"tion (?), n. Retaliation. [Obs.]

     Just heav'n this taliation did decree. Beaumont.


   Ta"li*on  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  L.  talio,  perh.  fr.  talis such. Cf.
   Retaliation.] Retaliation. [R.] Holinshed.


   Tal"i*pes  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. L. talus an ankle + pes, pedis, a foot;
   cf.  L.  talipedare  to  be weak in the feet, properly, to walk on the
   ankles.] (Surg.) The deformity called clubfoot. See Clubfoot.

     NOTE: &hand; Se veral va rieties ar e di stinguished; as , Ta lipes
     varus, in which the foot is drawn up and bent inward; T. valgus, in
     which the foot is bent outward; T. equinus, in which the sole faces
     backward  and  the patient walks upon the balls of the toes; and T.
     calcaneus  (called also talus), in which the sole faces forward and
     the patient walks upon the heel.


   Tal"i*pot  (?), n. [Hind. t\'belp\'bet the leaf of the tree.] (Bot.) A
   beautiful  tropical  palm  tree  (Corypha  umbraculifera), a native of
   Ceylon  and  the  Malabar  coast. It has a trunk sixty or seventy feet
   high,  bearing a crown of gigantic fan-shaped leaves which are used as
   umbrellas  and  as  fans in ceremonial processions, and, when cut into
   strips, as a substitute for writing paper.

   Page 1471


   Tal"is*man  (?), n.; pl. Talismans (#). [Sp., from Ar. tilism, tilsam,
   a magical image, pl. tilsam\'ben, fr. Gr.

   1.  A  magical  figure  cut  or  engraved  under certain superstitious
   observances  of  the  configuration of the heavens, to which wonderful
   effects  are  ascribed;  the  seal,  figure, character, or image, of a
   heavenly  sign,  constellation,  or  planet, engraved on a sympathetic
   stone,  or  on  a metal corresponding to the star, in order to receive
   its influence.

   2.  Hence,  something  that  produces  extraordinary  effects, esp. in
   averting  or  repelling  evil;  an  amulet; a charm; as, a talisman to
   avert diseases. Swift.

                           Talismanic, Talismanical

   Tal`is*man"ic  (?), Tal`is*man"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. talismanique.] Of
   or  pertaining  to a talisman; having the properties of a talisman, or
   preservative against evils by occult influence; magical.


   Talk  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Talked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Talking.]
   [Cf.  LG. talk talk, gabble, Prov. G. talken to speak indistinctly; or
   OD.  tolken  to interpret, MHG. tolkan to interpret, to tell, to speak
   indistinctly,   Dan.  tolke  to  interpret,  Sw.  tolka,  Icel.  t  to
   interpret,  t  an  interpreter, Lith. tulkas an interpreter, tulkanti,
   tulk\'d3ti, to interpret, Russ. tolkovate to interpret, to talk about;
   or perhaps fr. OE. talien to speak (see Tale, v. i. & n.).]

   1.  To  utter  words;  esp.,  to  converse familiarly; to speak, as in
   familiar discourse, when two or more persons interchange thoughts.

     I  will  buy with you, sell with you, talk with you, walk with you,
     and so following, but I will not eat with you. Shak.

   2. To confer; to reason; to consult.

     Let me talk with thee of thy judgments. Jer. xii. 1.

   3. To prate; to speak impertinently. [Colloq.]
   To  talk  of,  to  relate; to tell; to give an account of; as, authors
   talk  of  the  wonderful remains of Palmyra. "The natural histories of
   Switzerland talk much of the fall of these rocks, and the great damage
   done."  Addison.  --  To  talk  to, to advise or exhort, or to reprove
   gently; as, I will talk to my son respecting his conduct. [Colloq.]
   Talk, v. t.
   1.  To  speak  freely;  to use for conversing or communicating; as, to
   talk French.
   2.  To  deliver  in  talking; to speak; to utter; to make a subject of
   conversation; as, to talk nonsense; to talk politics.
   3.  To  consume or spend in talking; -- often followed by away; as, to
   talk away an evening.
   4.  To  cause  to be or become by talking. "They would talk themselves
   mad." Shak.
   To  talk  over.  (a)  To talk about; to have conference respecting; to
   deliberate upon; to discuss; as, to talk over a matter or plan. (b) To
   change  the  mind  or  opinion of by talking; to convince; as, to talk
   over an opponent.


   Talk, n.

   1.   The   act  of  talking;  especially,  familiar  converse;  mutual
   discourse; that which is uttered, especially in familiar conversation,
   or the mutual converse of two or more.

     In various talk the instructive hours they passed. Pope.

     Their  talk,  when  it was not made up of nautical phrases, was too
     commonly made up of oaths and curses. Macaulay.

   2. Report; rumor; as, to hear talk of war.

     I hear a talk up and down of raising our money. Locke.

   3.  Subject  of discourse; as, his achievment is the talk of the town.
   Syn. -- Conversation; colloquy; discourse; chat; dialogue; conference;
   communication. See Conversation.


   Talk"a*tive  (?),  a.  Given  to  much  talking.  Syn.  --  Garrulous;
   loquacious.    See    Garrulous.    --    Talk"a*tive*ly,    adv.   --
   Talk"a*tive*ness, n.


   Talk"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who  talks;  especially,  one  who  is noted for his power of
   conversing readily or agreeably; a conversationist.

     There  probably  were  never  four  talkers  more admirable in four
     different   ways  than  Johnson,  Burke,  Beauclerk,  and  Garrick.

   2. A loquacious person, male or female; a prattler; a babbler; also, a
   boaster; a braggart; -- used in contempt or reproach. Jer. Taylor.


   Talk"ing, a.

   1. That talks; able to utter words; as, a talking parrot.

   2. Given to talk; loquacious.

     The  hawthorn  bush,  with seats beneath the shade, For talking age
     and whispering lovers made. Goldsmith.


   Tall  (?),  a. [Compar. Taller (?); superl. Tallest.] [OE. tal seemly,
   elegant,  docile  (?);  of uncertain origin; cf. AS. un-tala, un-tale,
   bad,  Goth.  untals indocile, disobedient, uninstructed, or W. & Corn.
   tal high, Ir. talla meet, fit, proper, just.]

   1.  High  in  stature; having a considerable, or an unusual, extension
   upward; long and comparatively slender; having the diameter or lateral
   extent  small in proportion to the height; as, a tall person, tree, or

     Two of far nobler shape, erect and tall. Milton.

   2. Brave; bold; courageous. [Obs.]

     As  tall  a  trencherman  As  e'er  demolished a pye fortification.

     His  companions,  being almost in despair of victory, were suddenly
     recomforted  by  Sir  William  Stanley,  which came to succors with
     three thousand tall men. Grafton.

   3.  Fine;  splendid; excellent; also, extravagant; excessive. [Obs. or
   Slang]  B.  Jonson. Syn. -- High; lofty. -- Tall, High, Lofty. High is
   the  generic  term,  and  is  applied to anything which is elevated or
   raised above another thing. Tall specifically describes that which has
   a  small  diameter  in  proportion to its height; hence, we speak of a
   tall  man,  a tall steeple, a tall mast, etc., but not of a tall hill.
   Lofty  has a special reference to the expanse above us, and denotes an
   imposing  height;  as,  a  lofty  mountain;  a lofty room. Tall is now
   properly applied only to physical objects; high and lofty have a moral
   acceptation;  as,  high  thought,  purpose, etc.; lofty aspirations; a
   lofty  genius. Lofty is the stronger word, and is usually coupled with
   the grand or admirable.

                               Tallage, Talliage

   Tal"lage  (?),  Tal"li*age  (?),  n. [F. taillage. See Taille, and cf.
   Tailage.] (O. Eng. Law) A certain rate or tax paid by barons, knights,
   and  inferior  tenants,  toward  the  public  expenses.  [Written also
   tailage, taillage.]

     NOTE: &hand; When paid out of knight's fees, it was called scutage;
     when  by  cities  and  burghs, tallage; when upon lands not held by
     military tenure, hidage.



   Tal"lage, v. t. To lay an impost upon; to cause to pay tallage.


   Tal"li*er (?), n. One who keeps tally.


   Tall"ness  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being tall; height of


   Tal"low  (?),  n.  [OE. taluh, talugh; akin to OD. talgh, D. talk, G.,
   Dan.  and  Sw.  talg, Icel. t\'d3lgr, t\'d3lg, t\'d3lk; and perhaps to
   Goth. tulgus firm.]

   1.  The  suet  or  fat of animals of the sheep and ox kinds, separated
   from membranous and fibrous matter by melting.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e so lid co nsistency of tallow is due to the large
     amount of stearin it contains. See Fat.

   2.  The  fat  of  some other animals, or the fat obtained from certain
   plants,  or  from  other sources, resembling the fat of animals of the
   sheep and ox kinds.
   Tallow  candle, a candle made of tallow. -- Tallow catch, a keech. See
   Keech.  [Obs.] -- Tallow chandler, one whose occupation is to make, or
   to  sell,  tallow  candles. -- Tallow chandlery, the trade of a tallow
   chandler;  also, the place where his business is carried on. -- Tallow
   tree  (Bot.), a tree (Stillingia sebifera) growing in China, the seeds
   of  which  are  covered with a substance which resembles tallow and is
   applied to the same purposes.


   Tal"low, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tallowed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tallowing.]

   1. To grease or smear with tallow.

   2.  To cause to have a large quantity of tallow; to fatten; as, tallow


   Tal"low*er (?), n. An animal which produces tallow.


   Tal"low-face` (?), n. One who has a sickly, pale complexion. Shak.


   Tal"low-faced` (?), a. Having a sickly complexion; pale. Burton.


   Tal"low*ing, n. The act, or art, of causing animals to produce tallow;
   also, the property in animals of producing tallow.


   Tal"low*ish, a. Having the qualities of tallow.


   Tal"low*y (?), a. Of the nature of tallow; resembling tallow; greasy.


   Tall"wood` (?), n. [Cf. Tally.] Firewood cut into billets of a certain
   length. [Obs.] [Eng.]


   Tal"ly  (?),  n.;  pl.  Tallies  (#).  [OE. taile, taille, F. taille a
   cutting,  cut  tally,  fr.  tailler to cut, but influenced probably by
   taill\'82,  p.p.  of  tailler.  See Tailor, and cf. Tail a limitation,
   Taille, Tallage.]

   1. Originally, a piece of wood on which notches or scores were cut, as
   the  marks  of number; later, one of two books, sheets of paper, etc.,
   on which corresponding accounts were kept.

     NOTE: &hand; In  pu rshasing and selling, it was once customary for
     traders  to have two sticks, or one stick cleft into two parts, and
     to  mark  with a score or notch, on each, the number or quantity of
     goods delivered, -- the seller keeping one stick, and the purchaser
     the  other.  Before the use of writing, this, or something like it,
     was  the only method of keeping accounts; and tallies were received
     as  evidence  in  courts  of justice. In the English exchequer were
     tallies  of  loans, one part being kept in the exchequer, the other
     being given to the creditor in lieu of an obligation for money lent
     to government.

   2.  Hence,  any  account or score kept by notches or marks, whether on
   wood or paper, or in a book; especially, one kept in duplicate.

   3. One thing made to suit another; a match; a mate.

     They were framed the tallies for each other. Dryden.

   4.  A notch, mark, or score made on or in a tally; as, to make or earn
   a tally in a game.

   5. A tally shop. See Tally shop, below.
   Tally shop, a shop at which goods or articles are sold to customers on
   account, the account being kept in corresponding books, one called the
   tally,  kept  by  the  buyer, the other the counter tally, kept by the
   seller,  and the payments being made weekly or otherwise by agreement.
   The  trade  thus  regulated  is  called tally trade. Eng. Encyc. -- To
   strike tallies, to act in correspondence, or alike. [Obs.] Fuller.
   Tal"ly,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Tallied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tallying.]
   [Cf. F. tialler to cut. See Tally, n.]
   1.  To score with correspondent notches; hence, to make to correspond;
   to cause to fit or suit.
     They are not so well tallied to the present juncture. Pope.

   2.  (Naut.)  To  check  off,  as  parcels  of freight going inboard or
   outboard. W. C. Russell.
   Tally on (Naut.), to dovetail together.


   Tal"ly (?), v. i.

   1. To be fitted; to suit; to correspond; to match.

     I  found  pieces  of  tiles  that exactly tallied with the channel.

     Your idea . . . tallies exactly with mine. Walpole.

   2. To make a tally; to score; as, to tally in a game.
   Tally  on  (Naut.),  to  man a rope for hauling, the men standing in a
   line or tail.


   Tal"ly  (?),  adv. [See Tall, a.] Stoutly; with spirit. [Obs.] Beau. &


   Tal"ly*ho` (?), interj. & n.

   1. The huntsman's cry to incite or urge on his hounds.

   2. A tallyho coach.
   Tallyho coach, a pleasure coach. See under Coach.


   Tal"ly*man (?), n.; pl. Tallymen (.

   1. One who keeps the tally, or marks the sticks.

   2.  One  who  keeps  a  tally  shop, or conducts his business as tally


   Tal"ma  (?), n.; pl. Talmas (#). [Prob. so called from Talma, a French
   actor.]  (a)  A kind of large cape, or short, full cloak, forming part
   of  the  dress  of  ladies.  (b)  A  similar  garment worn formerly by


   Tal"mud  (?),  n. [Chald. talm&umac;d instruction, doctrine, fr. lamad
   to learn, limmad to teach.] The body of the Jewish civil and canonical
   law not comprised in the Pentateuch.

     NOTE: &hand; The Talmud consists of two parts, the Mishna, or text,
     and  the Gemara, or commentary. Sometimes, however, the name Talmud
     is  restricted,  especially by Jewish writers, to the Gemara. There
     are two Talmuds, the Palestinian, commonly, but incorrectly, called
     the  Talmud  of  Jerusalem, and the Babylonian Talmud. They contain
     the  same  Mishna,  but different Gemaras. The Babylonian Talmud is
     about  three  times  as  large  as  the  other,  and is more highly
     esteemed by the Jews.

                             Talmudic, Talmudical

   Tal*mud"ic  (?),  Tal*mud"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. talmudique.] Of or
   pertaining to the Talmud; contained in the Talmud; as, Talmudic Greek;
   Talmudical phrases. Lightfoot.


   Tal"mud*ist (?), n. [Cf. F. talmudiste.] One versed in the Talmud; one
   who adheres to the teachings of the Talmud.


   Tal`mud*is"tic (?), a. Resembling the Talmud; Talmudic.


   Tal"on  (?),  n.  [F.,  heel,  spur, LL. talo, fr. L. talus the ankle,

   1.  The  claw of a predaceous bird or animal, especially the claw of a
   bird of prey. Bacon.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) One of certain small prominences on the hind part of the
   face of an elephant's tooth.

   3.  (Arch.) A kind of molding, concave at the bottom and convex at the
   top; -- usually called an ogee.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh en th e concave part is at the top, it is called an
     inverted talon.

   4.  The  shoulder of the bolt of a lock on which the key acts to shoot
   the bolt. Knight.

                                 Talook, Taluk

   Ta*look",  Ta*luk"  (?),  n.  [Ar. ta'lluq.] A large estate; esp., one
   constituting a revenue district or dependency the native proprietor of
   which  is  responsible  for  the  collection and payment of the public
   revenue due from it. [India]

                              Talookdar, Talukdar

   Ta*look"dar,  Ta*luk"dar  (?),  n.  [Hind., fr. Per. ta'lluqd\'ber.] A
   proprietor of a talook. [India]


   Tal"pa  (?),  n.  [L., mole.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of small insectivores
   including the common European mole.


   Ta"lus (?), n.; pl. Tali (#). [L., the ankle, the ankle bone.]

   1. (Anat.) The astragalus.

   2.  (Surg.)  A  variety  of clubfoot (Talipes calcaneus). See the Note
   under Talipes.


   Ta"lus, n. [F.]

   1. (Fort.) A slope; the inclination of the face of a work.

   2.  (Geol.) A sloping heap of fragments of rock lying at the foot of a


   Tam`a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  tamable;


   Tam"a*ble  (?),  a. Capable of being tamed, subdued, or reclaimed from
   wildness or savage ferociousness. -- Tam"a*ble*ness, n.


   Ta*man"du  (?),  n.  [Sp.,  from  the  native  name: cf. F. tamandua.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  A  small  ant-eater  (Tamandua tetradactyla) native of the
   tropical parts of South America.

     NOTE: &hand; It has five toes on the fore feet, an elongated snout,
     small  ears,  and short woolly hair. Its tail is stout and hairy at
     the base, tapering, and covered with minute scales, and is somewhat
     prehensile  at  the  end.  Called  also  tamandua, little ant-bear,
     fourmilier,   and  cagouare.  The  collared,  or  striped,  tamandu
     (Tamandua  bivittata)  is  considered  a  distinct  species by some
     writers, but by others is regarded as only a variety.


   Ta`ma*noir" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The ant-bear.


   Tam"a*rack  (?),  n. (Bot.) (a) The American larch; also, the larch of
   Oregon  and British Columbia (Larix occidentalis). See Hackmatack, and
   Larch.  (b)  The  black  pine (Pinus Murrayana) of Alaska, California,
   etc. It is a small tree with fine-grained wood.


   Tam"a*ric  (?),  n.  [L.  tamarice.  See  Tamarisk.]  A  shrub or tree
   supposed to be the tamarisk, or perhaps some kind of heath. [Obs.]

     He  shall  be like tamaric in the desert, and he shall not see when
     good shall come. Jer. xvii. 6 (Douay version).


   Tam"a*rin  (?),  n.  [From the native name in Cayenne.] (Zo\'94l.) Any
   one  of  several species of small squirrel-like South American monkeys
   of the genus Midas, especially M. ursulus.

   Page 1472


   Tam"a*rind (?), n. [It. tamarindo, or Sp. tamarindo, or Pg. tamarindo,
   tamarinho,  from  Ar.  tamarhind\'c6,  literally, Indian date; tamar a
   dried date + Hind India: cf. F. tamarin. Cf. Hindoo.] (Bot.)

   1.  A  leguminous tree (Tamarindus Indica) cultivated both the Indies,
   and  the  other tropical countries, for the sake of its shade, and for
   its   fruit.   The  trunk  of  the  tree  is  lofty  and  large,  with
   wide-spreading branches; the flowers are in racemes at the ends of the
   branches. The leaves are small and finely pinnated.

   2.  One  of  the preserved seed pods of the tamarind, which contain an
   acid  pulp,  and  are  used  medicinally  and for preparing a pleasant
   Tamarind fish, a preparation of a variety of East Indian fish with the
   acid  pulp  of  the  tamarind  fruit.  --  Velvet tamarind. (a) A West
   African  leguminous  tree (Codarium acutifolium). (b) One of the small
   black  velvety  pods, which are used for food in Sierra Leone. -- Wild
   tamarind (Bot.), a name given to certain trees somewhat resembling the
   tamarind,  as  the  Lysiloma  latisiliqua of Southern Florida, and the
   Pithecolobium filicifolium of the West Indies.


   Tam"a*risk  (?),  n.  [L.  tamariscus,  also  tamarix,  tamarice, Skr.
   tam\'bela,  tam\'belaka,  a  tree  with  a  very  dark bark; cf. tamas
   darkness: cf. F. tamarisc, tamarix, tamaris.] (Bot.) Any shrub or tree
   of  the  genus Tamarix, the species of which are European and Asiatic.
   They  have  minute  scalelike  leaves, and small flowers in spikes. An
   Arabian  species  (T.  mannifera)  is the source of one kind of manna.
   Tamarisk  salt  tree,  an  East Indian tree (Tamarix orientalis) which
   produces an incrustation of salt.


   Tam"bac (?), n. (Metal.) See Tombac. [Obs.]


   Tam"bour (?), n.

   1. (Mus.) A kind of small flat drum; a tambourine.

   2.  A  small  frame,  commonly  circular,  and  somewhat  resembling a
   tambourine,  used  for  stretching,  and  firmly holding, a portion of
   cloth that is to be embroidered; also, the embroidery done upon such a
   frame; -- called also, in the latter sense, tambour work.

   3. (Arch.) Same as Drum, n., 2(d).

   4.  (Fort.)  A work usually in the form of a redan, to inclose a space
   before  a  door  or staircase, or at the gorge of a larger work. It is
   arranged like a stockade.

   5.  (Physiol.)  A  shallow  metallic  cup or drum, with a thin elastic
   membrane  supporting  a  writing  lever.  Two  or  more  of  these are
   connected  by  an India rubber tube, and used to transmit and register
   the movements of the pulse or of any pulsating artery.


   Tam"bour,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Tamboured  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Tambouring.] To embroider on a tambour.


   Tam`bou`rin" (?), n. [F. See Tambourine.]

   1. A tambourine. [Obs.]

   2.  (Mus.)  An old Proven\'87al dance of a lively character, common on
   the stage.


   Tam`bour*ine"  (?),  n. [F. tambourin; cf. It. tamburino. See Tambour,
   and  cf. Tamborine.] A small drum, especially a shallow drum with only
   one  skin,  played  on with the hand, and having bells at the sides; a


   Tam"breet (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The duck mole.


   Tam`bu*rin" (?), n. See Tambourine. Spenser.


   Tame  (?), v. t. [Cf. F. entamer to cut into, to broach.] To broach or
   enter  upon;  to taste, as a liquor; to divide; to distribute; to deal
   out. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

     In  the  time  of famine he is the Joseph of the country, and keeps
     the  poor  from  starving. Then he tameth his stacks of corn, which
     not  his  covetousness,  but  providence, hath reserved for time of
     need. Fuller.


   Tame,  a.  [Compar.  Tamer  (?); superl. Tamest.] [AS. tam; akin to D.
   tam, G. zahm, OHG. zam, Dan. & Sw. tam, Icel. tamr, L. domare to tame,
   Gr.  dam  to  be  tame, to tame, and perhaps to E. beteem. \'fb61. Cf.
   Adamant, Diamond, Dame, Daunt, Indomitable.]

   1.  Reduced from a state of native wildness and shyness; accustomed to
   man; domesticated; domestic; as, a tame deer, a tame bird.

   2. Crushed; subdued; depressed; spiritless.

     Tame slaves of the laborious plow. Roscommon.

   3.  Deficient in spirit or animation; spiritless; dull; flat; insipid;
   as, a tame poem; tame scenery. Syn. -- Gentle; mild; meek. See Gentle.


   Tame,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Tamed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Taming.] [AS.
   tamian,  temian, akin to D. tammen, temmen, G. z\'84hmen, OHG. zemmen,
   Icel. temja, Goth. gatamjan. See Tame, a.]

   1.  To  reduce  from  a  wild  to a domestic state; to make gentle and
   familiar; to reclaim; to domesticate; as, to tame a wild beast.

     They had not been tamed into submission, but baited into savegeness
     and stubbornness. Macaulay.

   2.  To  subdue;  to  conquer;  to  repress;  as,  to tame the pride or
   passions of youth.


   Tame"a*ble (?), a. Tamable. Bp. Wilkins.


   Tame"less,  a. Incapable of being tamed; wild; untamed; untamable. Bp.
   Hall. -- Tame"less*ness, n.


   Tame"ly, adv. In a tame manner.


   Tame"ness, n. The quality or state of being tame.


   Tam"er (?), n. One who tames or subdues.


   Ta"mi*as (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of ground squirrels,
   including the chipmunk.


   Ta"mil  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to the Tamils, or to their language.
   [Written also Tamul.]


   Ta"mil, n. [Written also Tamul.]

   1.  (Ethnol.) One of a Dravidian race of men native of Northern Ceylon
   and Southern India.

   2.  The Tamil language, the most important of the Dravidian languages.
   See Dravidian, a.


   Ta*mil"i*an (?), a. & n. Tamil.

                                Tamine, Taminy

   Tam"ine  (?),  Tam"i*ny  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. tamis a sort of sieve. Cf.
   Stamin, Temse.] A kind of woolen cloth; tammy.


   Tam"is (?), n. [F., a kind of sieve.]

   1. A sieve, or strainer, made of a kind of woolen cloth.

   2. The cloth itself; tammy.
   Tamis bird (Zo\'94l.), a Guinea fowl.


   Tam"kin (?), n. A tampion. Johnson (Dict.).


   Tam"my (?), n.; pl. Tammies (.

   1. A kind of woolen, or woolen and cotton, cloth, often highly glazed,
   -- used for curtains, sieves, strainers, etc.

   2. A sieve, or strainer, made of this material; a tamis.


   Tamp  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Tamped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tamping.]
   [Cf. F. tamponner to plug or stop. See Tampion.]

   1.  In  blasting, to plug up with clay, earth, dry sand, sod, or other
   material,  as a hole bored in a rock, in order to prevent the force of
   the explosion from being misdirected.

   2.  To  drive in or down by frequent gentle strokes; as, to tamp earth
   so as to make a smooth place.


   Tam"pan (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A venomous South African tick. Livingstone.


   Tam"pe*on (?), n. See Tampion. Farrow.


   Tamp"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who  tamps;  specifically,  one who prepares for blasting, by
   filling the hole in which the charge is placed.

   2. An instrument used in tamping; a tamping iron.


   Tam"per  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Tampered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tampering.] [A corruption of temper.]

   1.  To  meddle;  to  be busy; to try little experiments; as, to tamper
   with a disease.

     'T is dangerous tampering with a muse. Roscommon.

   2. To meddle so as to alter, injure, or vitiate a thing.

   3. To deal unfairly; to practice secretly; to use bribery.

     Others tampered For Fleetwood, Desborough, and Lambert. Hudibras.


   Tam"per*er (?), n. One who tampers; one who deals unfairly.

                            Tampico fiber OR fibre

   Tam*pi"co  fi"ber  OR  fi"bre  (?).  A tough vegetable fiber used as a
   substitute  for bristles in making brushes. The piassava and the ixtle
   are both used under this name.


   Tamp"ing (?), n.

   1.  The  act  of  one who tamps; specifically, the act of filling up a
   hole  in  a rock, or the branch of a mine, for the purpose of blasting
   the rock or exploding the mine.

   2. The material used in tamping. See Tamp, v. t., 1.
   Tamping  iron,  an  iron  rod for beating down the earthy substance in
   tamping for blasting.


   Tam"pi*on  (?), n. [F. tampon, tapon, tape, of Dutch or German origin.
   See  Tap a pipe or plug, and cf. Tamp, Tampop, Tompion.] [Written also
   tampeon, and tompion.]

   1.  A  wooden  stopper,  or  plug,  as  for a cannon or other piece of
   ordnance, when not in use.

   2. (Mus.) A plug for upper end of an organ pipe.


   Tam"poe  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  The  edible  fruit  of  an East Indian tree
   (Baccaurea  Malayana)  of  the Spurge family. It somewhat resembles an


   Tam"pon  (?),  n.  [F.  See Tampion.] (Surg.) A plug introduced into a
   natural   or  artificial  cavity  of  the  body  in  order  to  arrest
   hemorrhage, or for the application of medicine.


   Tam"pon, v. t. (Surg.) To plug with a tampon.


   Tam"poon (?), n. [See Tampion.] The stopper of a barrel; a bung.


   Tam"-tam`  (?),  n. [Hind.; of imitative origin.] (Mus.) (a) A kind of
   drum  used  in the East Indies and other Oriental countries; -- called
   also tom-tom. (b) A gong. See Gong, n., 1.


   Ta"mul (?), a. & n. Tamil.


   Tan (?), n. [Chin.] See Picul.


   Tan,  n.  [F.  tan,  perhaps  fr.  Armor.  tann an oak, oak bar; or of
   Teutonic origin; cf. G. tanne a fir, OHG. tanna a fir, oak, MHG. tan a
   forest. Cf. Tawny.]

   1.  The bark of the oak, and some other trees, bruised and broken by a
   mill,  for  tanning  hides;  -- so called both before and after it has
   been used. Called also tan bark.

   2. A yellowish-brown color, like that of tan.

   3.  A  brown  color  imparted  to the skin by exposure to the sun; as,
   hands covered with tan.
   Tan  bed  (Hort.),  a  bed made of tan; a bark bed. -- Tan pickle, the
   liquor  used in tanning leather. -- Tan spud, a spud used in stripping
   bark  for tan from trees. -- Tan stove. See Bark stove, under Bark. --
   Tan vat, a vat in which hides are steeped in liquor with tan.


   Tan, a. Of the color of tan; yellowish-brown. Black and tan. See under
   Black, a.


   Tan,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Tanned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tanning.] [F.
   tanner, LL. tannare. See Tan, n.]

   1.  To  convert  (the  skin  of  an  animal) into leather, as by usual
   process  of  steeping  it  in  an  infusion of oak or some other bark,
   whereby it is impregnated with tannin, or tannic acid (which exists in
   several  species  of bark), and is thus rendered firm, durable, and in
   some degree impervious to water.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e es sential re sult in  tanning is due to the fact
     that  the  tannins form, with gelatins and albuminoids, a series of
     insoluble  compounds  which constitute leather. Similar results may
     be  produced  by  the  use of other reagents in place of tannin, as
     alum,  and  some  acids or chlorides, which are employed in certain
     processes of tanning.

   2.  To  make brown; to imbrown, as by exposure to the rays of the sun;
   as, to tan the skin.


   Tan (?), v. i. To get or become tanned.


   Ta"na (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Banxring.


   Tan"a*ger  (?),  n.  [NL.  tanagra,  probably  fr. Brazilian tangara.]
   (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of bright-colored singing birds
   belonging  to Tanagra, Piranga, and allied genera. The scarlet tanager
   (Piranga  erythromelas)  and  the  summer  redbird (Piranga rubra) are
   common species of the United States.


   Tan"a*grine (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the tanagers.


   Tan"a*groid (?), a. [Tanager + -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) Tanagrine.


   Ta*na"te  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) An Asiatic wild dog (Canis procyonoides),
   native  of  Japan  and adjacent countries. It has a short, bushy tail.
   Called also raccoon dog.


   Tan"dem  (?), adv. & a. [L. tandem at length (of time only), punningly
   taken  as  meaning, lengthwise.] One after another; -- said especially
   of horses harnessed and driven one before another, instead of abreast.


   Tan"dem, n. A team of horses harnessed one before the other. "He drove
   tandems." Thackeray. Tandem engine, a compound steam engine having two
   or  more  steam  cylinders  in the same axis, close to one another. --
   Tandem  bicycle  OR  tricycle,  one for two persons in which one rider
   sits before the other.


   Tang  (?),  n.  [Of Scand. origin; cf. Dan. tang seaweed, Sw. t\'86ng,
   Icel.  ■ang.  Cf.  Tangle.]  (Bot.)  A coarse blackish seaweed (Fuscus
   nodosus).  Dr.  Prior. Tang sparrow (Zo\'94l.), the rock pipit. [Prov.


   Tang,  n.  [Probably  fr. OD. tanger sharp, tart, literally, pinching;
   akin to E. tongs. \'fb59. See Tong.]

   1.  A  strong  or  offensive  taste;  especially, a taste of something
   extraneous  to  the  thing itself; as, wine or cider has a tang of the

   2. Fig.: A sharp, specific flavor or tinge. Cf. Tang a twang.

     Such proceedings had a strong tang of tyranny. Fuller.

     A cant of philosophism, and a tang of party politics. Jeffrey.

   3.  [Probably  of  Scand.  origin; cf. Icel. tangi a projecting point;
   akin  to E. tongs. See Tongs.] A projecting part of an object by means
   of  which  it  is secured to a handle, or to some other part; anything
   resembling a tongue in form or position. Specifically: -- (a) The part
   of  a  knife, fork, file, or other small instrument, which is inserted
   into  the  handle.  (b)  The projecting part of the breech of a musket
   barrel, by which the barrel is secured to the stock. (c) The part of a
   sword  blade  to  which  the  handle  is fastened. (d) The tongue of a
   buckle. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tang,  n.  [Of  imitative  origin.  Cf.  Twang.  This  word has become
   confused  with  tang  tatse,  flavor.]  A  sharp,  twanging  sound; an
   unpleasant tone; a twang.


   Tang,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Tanged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tanging.] To
   cause to ring or sound loudly; to ring.

     Let thy tongue tang arguments of state. Shak.

   To  tang bees, to cause a swarm of bees to settle, by beating metal to
   make a din.


   Tang, v. i. To make a ringing sound; to ring.

     Let thy tongue tang arguments of state. Shak.


   Tan"ga*lung   (?),   n.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  East  Indian  civet  (Viverra


   Tan"gence (?), n. Tangency. [R.]


   Tan"gen*cy (?), n. The quality or state of being tangent; a contact or


   Tan"gent  (?), n. [L. tangens, -entis, p.pr. of tangere to touch; akin
   to  Gr.  tangente.  Cf. Attain, Contaminate, Contingent, Entire, Tact,
   Taste,  Tax,  v.  t.]  (Geom.)  A  tangent  line  curve,  or  surface;
   specifically,  that  portion  of  the straight line tangent to a curve
   that is between the point of tangency and a given line, the given line
   being,  for  example,  the  axis of abscissas, or a radius of a circle
   produced. See Trigonometrical function, under Function. Artificial, OR
   Logarithmic,  tangent, the logarithm of the natural tangent of an arc.
   --  Natural tangent, a decimal expressing the length of the tangent of
   an  arc,  the  radius  being  reckoned  unity. -- Tangent galvanometer
   (Elec.),  a  form  of  galvanometer having a circular coil and a short
   needle,  in which the tangent of the angle of deflection of the needle
   is  proportional  to  the  strength  of  the current. -- Tangent of an
   angle,  the  natural  tangent  of  the arc subtending or measuring the
   angle.  -- Tangent of an arc, a right line, as ta, touching the arc of
   a circle at one extremity a, and terminated by a line ct, passing from
   the  center  through  the  other  extremity o. <-- references are to a
   figure showing the tangent of an arc -->


   Tan"gent,  a.  [L.  tangens,  -entis,  p.pr.]  Touching; touching at a
   single  point;  specifically  (Geom.)  meeting a curve or surface at a
   point  and  having  at  that  point the same direction as the curve or
   surface;  --  said  of  a straight line, curve, or surface; as, a line
   tangent  to  a  curve; a curve tangent to a surface; tangent surfaces.
   Tangent  plane  (Geom.), a plane which touches a surface in a point or
   line. -- Tangent scale (Gun.), a kind of breech sight for a cannon. --
   Tangent screw (Mach.), an endless screw; a worm.

   Page 1473


   Tan*gen"tal (?), a. (Geom.) Tangential.


   Tan*gen"tial  (?),  a.  (Geom.)  Of or pertaining to a tangent; in the
   direction  of  a tangent. Tangential force (Mech.), a force which acts
   on  a  moving  body  in  the direction of a tangent to the path of the
   body,  its  effect  being  to  increase  or  diminish the velocity; --
   distinguished  from  a normal force, which acts at right angles to the
   tangent  and  changes the direction of the motion without changing the
   velocity. -- Tangential stress. (Engin.) See Shear, n., 3.


   Tan*gen"tial*ly, adv. In the direction of a tangent.


   Tan"ger*ine`  (?),  n.  [Etymol.  uncertain.] (Bot.) A kind of orange,
   much  like  the mandarin, but of deeper color and higher flavor. It is
   said to have been produced in America from the mandarin. [Written also


   Tang"fish` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The common harbor seal. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tan*ghin"i*a (?), n. [NL.] (Bot.) The ordeal tree. See under Ordeal.


   Tan`gi*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. tanggibilit\'82.] The quality or state
   of being tangible.


   Tan"gi*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  tangibilis,  fr.  tangere  to touch: cf. F.
   tangible. See Tangent.]

   1. Perceptible to the touch; tactile; palpable. Bacon.

   2.  Capable  of  being possessed or realized; readily apprehensible by
   the mind; real; substantial; evident. "A tangible blunder." Byron.

     Direct and tangible benefit to ourselves and others. Southey.

   -- Tan"gi*ble*ness, n. -- Tan"gi*bly, adv.


   Tan"gle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tangled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tangling
   (?).] [A frequentative fr. tang seaweed; hence, to twist like seaweed.
   See Tang seaweed, and cf. Tangle, n.]

   1.  To  unite or knit together confusedly; to interweave or interlock,
   as  threads,  so  as  to  make  it  difficult  to unravel the knot; to
   entangle; to ravel.

   2.  To  involve;  to  insnare;  to  entrap; as, to be tangled in lies.
   "Tangled in amorous nets." Milton.

     When my simple weakness strays, Tangled in forbidden ways. Crashaw.


   Tan"gle,  v.  i.  To  be  entangled  or united confusedly; to get in a


   Tan"gle, n.

   1. [Cf. Icel. ■\'94ngull. See Tang seaweed.] (Bot.) Any large blackish
   seaweed, especially the Laminaria saccharina. See Kelp.

     Coral  and  sea  fan  and  tangle,  the blooms and the palms of the
     ocean. C. Kingsley.

   2.  [From  Tangle,  v.]  A  knot  of  threads,  or other thing, united
   confusedly,  or so interwoven as not to be easily disengaged; a snarl;
   as,  hair  or yarn in tangles; a tangle of vines and briers. Used also

   3.  pl.  An instrument consisting essentiallly of an iron bar to which
   are  attached  swabs,  or  bundles  of  frayed  rope, or other similar
   substances,  --  used  to  capture  starfishes, sea urchins, and other
   similar creatures living at the bottom of the sea.
   Blue  tangle.  (Bot.)See Dangleberry. -- Tangle picker (Zo\'94l.), the
   turnstone. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tan"gle*fish`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) The sea adder, or great pipefish of


   Tan"gling*ly (?), adv. In a tangling manner.


   Tan"gly (?), a.

   1. Entangled; intricate.

   2. Covered with tangle, or seaweed.

     Prone, helpless, on the tangly beach he lay. Falconer.


   Tan"gram  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Trangram.]  A  Chinese toy made by cutting a
   square of thin wood, or other suitable material, into seven pieces, as
   shown in the cut, these pieces being capable of combination in various
   ways,  so  as  to  form a great number of different figures. It is now
   often used in primary schools as a means of instruction.


   Tangue (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The tenrec.


   Tan"gun  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A piebald variety of the horse, native of


   Tang"whaup (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The whimbrel. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tan"i*er  (?),  n.  (Bot.) An aroid plant (Caladium sagitt\'91folium),
   the  leaves of which are boiled and eaten in the West Indies. [Written
   also tannier.]


   Tan"ist  (?),  n. [Ir. tanaiste, tanaise, second, the second person in
   rank,  the  presumptive  or  apparent heir to a prince.] In Ireland, a
   lord  or  proprietor  of  a tract of land or of a castle, elected by a
   family, under the system of tanistry.

     This  family  [the  O'Hanlons]  were  tanists  of a large territory
     within the present county of Armagh. M. A. Lower.


   Tan"ist*ry  (?), n. [See Tanist.] In Ireland, a tenure of family lands
   by  which  the  proprietor  had  only  a  life estate, to which he was
   admitted by election.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e pr imitive in tention seems to have been that the
     inheritance  should  descend  to  the  oldest or most worthy of the
     blood  and name of the deceased. This was, in reality, giving it to
     the  strongest;  and  the practice often occasioned bloody feuds in
     families, for which reason it was abolished under James I.


   Ta"nite  (?),  n.  A  firm  composition of emery and a certain kind of
   cement, used for making grinding wheels, slabs, etc.


   Tank  (?),  n.  A  small  Indian  dry measure, averaging 240 grains in
   weight; also, a Bombay weight of 72 grains, for pearls. Simmonds.


   Tank,  n.  [Pg.  tanque,  L. stangum a pool; or perhaps of East Indian
   origin.  Cf.  Stank,  n.]  A  large  basin  or  cistern; an artificial
   receptacle  for  liquids.  Tank engine, a locomotive which carries the
   water  and  fuel  it  requires, thus dispensing with a tender. -- Tank
   iron,  plate  iron  thinner  than boiler plate, and thicker than sheet
   iron or stovepipe iron. -- Tank worm (Zo\'94l.), a small nematoid worm
   found in the water tanks of India, supposed by some to be the young of
   the Guinea worm.


   Tan"ka  (?),  n. (Naut.) A kind of boat used in Canton. It is about 25
   feet  long  and  is  often  rowed  by women. Called also tankia. S. W.


   Tank"ard  (?),  n.  [OF.  tanquart;  cf.  OD.  tanckaert; of uncertain
   origin.] A large drinking vessel, especially one with a cover.

     Marius  was  the first who drank out of a silver tankard, after the
     manner of Bacchus. Arbuthnot.


   Tan"ki*a (?), n. (Naut.) See Tanka.


   Tank"ling (?), n. A tinkling. [Obs.]


   Tan"ling (?), n. One tanned by the sun. [R.]

     Hot summer's tanlings and The shrinking slaves of winter. Shak.


   Tan"na*ble (?), a. That may be tanned.


   Tan"nage  (?), n. A tanning; the act, operation, or result of tanning.

     They should have got his cheek fresh tannage. R. Browning.


   Tan"nate (?), n. [Cf. F. tannate.] (Chem.) A salt of tannic acid.


   Tan"ner  (?), n. One whose occupation is to tan hides, or convert them
   into leather by the use of tan.


   Tan"ner*y (?), n.; pl. Tanneries (#). [Cf. F. tannerie.]

   1. A place where the work of tanning is carried on.

   2. The art or process of tanning. [R.] Carlyle.


   Tan"nic  (?), a. Of or pertaining to tan; derived from, or resembling,
   tan;  as,  tannic acid. Tannic acid. (Chem.) (a) An acid obtained from
   nutgalls   as  a  yellow  amorphous  substance,  C14H10O9,  having  an
   astringent  taste,  and  forming  with  ferric  salts  a  bluish-black
   compound,  which  is  the basis of common ink. Called also tannin, and
   gallotannic  acid. (b) By extension, any one of a series of astringent
   substances  resembling  tannin  proper,  widely  diffused  through the
   vegetable kingdom, as in oak bark, willow, catechu, tea, coffee, etc.


   Tan"ni*er (?), n. (Bot.) See Tanier.


   Tan"nin  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. tannin.] (Chem.) Same as Tannic acid, under


   Tan"ning,  n. The art or process of converting skins into leather. See
   Tan, v. t., 1.


   Tan"rec (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Tenrec.


   Tan"sy  (?),  n. [OE. tansaye, F. tanaise; cf. It. & Sp. tanaceto, NL.
   tanacetum,  Pg.  atanasia,  athanasia, Gr. 'aqanasi`a immortality, fr.
   'aqa`natos immortal; 'a priv. + qa`natos death.]

   1. (Bot.) Any plant of the composite genus Tanacetum. The common tansy
   (T.  vulgare) has finely divided leaves, a strong aromatic odor, and a
   very bitter taste. It is used for medicinal and culinary purposes.

   2. A dish common in the seventeenth century, made of eggs, sugar, rose
   water,  cream,  and the juice of herbs, baked with butter in a shallow
   dish. [Obs.] Pepys.
   Double  tansy  (Bot.),  a  variety of the common tansy with the leaves
   more   dissected   than  usual.  --  Tansy  mustard  (Bot.),  a  plant
   (Sisymbrium canescens) of the Mustard family, with tansylike leaves.


   Tant  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Taint  tincture.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small  scarlet


   Tan"ta*late (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of tantalic acid.


   Tan*tal"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to tantalum; derived from,
   or containing, tantalum; specifically, designating any one of a series
   of  acids  analogous  to  nitric  acid  and  the polyacid compounds of


   Tan"ta*lism  (?),  n.  [See  Tantalize.]  A  punishment  like  that of
   Tantalus; a teasing or tormenting by the hope or near approach of good
   which is not attainable; tantalization. Addison.

     Is  not  such  a  provision  like  tantalism to this people? Josiah


   Tan"ta*lite  (?),  n. [Cf. F. tantalite.] (Min.) A heavy mineral of an
   iron-black color and submetallic luster. It is essentially a tantalate
   of iron.


   Tan`ta*li*za"tion  (?),  n.  The act of tantalizing, or state of being
   tantalized. Gayton.


   Tan"ta*lize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tantalized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tantalizing  (?).]  [From  Tantalus:  cf.  F. tantaliser.] To tease or
   torment  by  presenting some good to the view and exciting desire, but
   continually  frustrating  the expectations by keeping that good out of
   reach; to tease; to torment.

     Thy  vain desires, at strife Within themselves, have tantalized thy
     life. Dryden.

   Syn. -- To tease; vex; irritate; provoke. -- Tantalize, Disappoint. To
   disappoint  is literally to do away with what was (or was taken to be)
   appointed;  hence  the  peculiar  pain  from  hopes thus dashed to the
   ground.   To  tantalize,  a  much  stronger  term,  describes  a  most
   distressing  form  of  disappointment, as in the case of Tantalus, the
   Phrygian   king.   To   tantalize  is  to  visit  with  the  bitterest
   disappointment  --  to torment by exciting hopes or expectations which
   can never be realized.


   Tan"ta*li`zer (?), n. One who tantalizes.


   Tan"ta*li`zing*ly (?), adv. In a tantalizing or teasing manner.


   Tan"ta*lum  (?),  n.  [NL.  So  named on account of the perplexity and
   difficulty encounterd by its discoverer (Ekeberg) in isolating it. See
   Tantalus.]  (Chem.)  A  rare  nonmetallic  element  found  in  certain
   minerals, as tantalite, samarskite, and fergusonite, and isolated as a
   dark  powder which becomes steel-gray by burnishing. Symbol Ta. Atomic
   weight 182.0. Formerly called also tantalium.


   Tan"ta*lus (?), n. [L., from Gr. Ta`ntalos.] (Gr. Myth.)

   1. A Phrygian king who was punished in the lower world by being placed
   in  the  midst  of a lake whose waters reached to his chin but receded
   whenever  he  attempted  to allay his thirst, while over his head hung
   branches  laden  with  choice fruit which likewise receded whenever he
   stretched out his hand to grasp them.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of wading birds comprising the wood ibises.
   Tantalus's  cup  (Physics),  a philosophical toy, consisting of a cup,
   within  which  is the figure of a man, and within the figure a siphon,
   the longer arm of which passes down through the bottom of the cup, and
   allows the escape of any liquid that may be poured in, when it reaches
   as  high  as  the bend of the siphon, which is just below the level of
   the mouth of the figure in the cup.


   Tan"ta*mount`  (?),  a.  [F.  tant  so  much (L. tantus) + E. amount.]
   Equivalent in value, signification, or effect.

     A usage nearly tantamount to constitutional right. Hallam.

     The certainty that delay, under these circumstances, was tantamount
     to ruin. De Quincey.


   Tan"ta*mount`, v. i. To be tantamount or equivalent; to amount. [Obs.]
   Jer. Taylor.


   Tan*tiv"y  (?),  adv.  [Said  to  be from the note of a hunting horn.]
   Swiftly;  speedily;  rapidly;  --  a  fox-hunting  term;  as,  to ride


   Tan*tiv"y, n. A rapid, violent gallop; an impetulous rush. Cleverland.


   Tan*tiv"y, v. i. To go away in haste. [Colloq.]


   Tan"trum  (?),  n.  A  whim,  or  burst of ill-humor; an affected air.
   [Colloq.] Thackeray.


   Tan"yard` (?), n. An inclosure where the tanning of leather is carried
   on; a tannery.


   Tan`y*stom"a*ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   dipterous  insects  in  which  the  proboscis  is  large  and contains
   lancelike  mandibles  and  maxill\'91. The horseflies and robber flies
   are examples.


   Ta"o*ism  (?), n. One of the popular religions of China, sanctioned by
   the state. -- Ta"o*ist, a. & n.


   Tap (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tapped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tapping.] [F.
   taper to strike; of Teutonic origin; cf. dial. G. tapp, tapps, a blow,
   tappe a paw, fist, G. tappen to grope.]

   1.  To  strike  with  a slight or gentle blow; to touch gently; to rap
   lightly; to pat; as, to tap one with the hand or a cane.

   2. To put a new sole or heel on; as, to tap shoes.


   Tap, n. [Cf. F. tape. See Tap to strike.]

   1. A gentle or slight blow; a light rap; a pat. Addison.

   2.  A  piece  of leather fastened upon the bottom of a boot or shoe in
   repairing  or  renewing  the  sole  or  heel.  <-- a piece of metal so
   fastened,  used  to reduce wear on the shoe, or for the purpose of tap
   dancing. -->

   3.  pl.  (Mil.)  A  signal,  by drum or trumpet, for extinguishing all
   lights  in  soldiers'  quarters  and retiring to bed, -- usually given
   about a quarter of an hour after tattoo. Wilhelm.


   Tap, v. i. To strike a gentle blow.


   Tap,  n.  [AS.  t\'91ppa,  akin to D. tap, G. zapfen, OHG. zapfo, Dan.
   tap, Sw. tapp, Icel. tappi. Cf. Tampion, Tip.]

   1. A hole or pipe through which liquor is drawn.

   2. A plug or spile for stopping a hole pierced in a cask, or the like;
   a faucet.

   3.  Liquor  drawn  through  a tap; hence, a certain kind or quality of
   liquor; as, a liquor of the same tap. [Colloq.]

   4.  A  place  where  liquor  is  drawn for drinking; a taproom; a bar.

   5.  (Mech.)  A  tool  for  forming  an  internal  screw,  as in a nut,
   consisting of a hardened steel male screw grooved longitudinally so as
   to have cutting edges.
   On  tap.  (a)  Ready  to  be  drawn;  as, ale on tap. (b) Broached, or
   furnished  with  a  tap;  as,  a barrel on tap. -- Plug tap (Mech.), a
   screw-cutting  tap  with  a slightly tapering end. -- Tap bolt, a bolt
   with  a  head  on one end and a thread on the other end, to be screwed
   into  some  fixed  part,  instead  of  passing  through  the  part and
   receiving  a  nut. See Illust. under Bolt. -- Tap cinder (Metal.), the
   slag of a puddling furnace.


   Tap, v. t.

   1.  To  pierce  so  as  to let out, or draw off, a fluid; as, to tap a
   cask, a tree, a tumor, etc.

   2.  Hence,  to  draw  from (anything) in any analogous way; as, to tap
   telegraph  wires  for  the purpose of intercepting information; to tap
   the treasury. <-- to tap a telephone. -->

   3. To draw, or cause to flow, by piercing. Shak.

     He has been tapping his liquors. Addison.

   4.  (Mech.) To form an internal screw in (anything) by means of a tool
   called a tap; as, to tap a nut.


   Ta"pa  (?),  n.  A  kind of cloth prepared by the Polynesians from the
   inner bark of the paper mulberry; -- sometimes called also kapa.


   Ta`pa*yax"in  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A Mexican spinous lizard (Phrynosoma
   orbiculare) having a head somewhat like that of a toad; -- called also
   horned toad.


   Tape (?), n. [AS. t\'91ppe a fillet. Cf. Tapestry, Tippet.]

   1.  A  narrow fillet or band of cotton or linen; a narrow woven fabric
   used for strings and the like; as, curtains tied with tape.

   2.  A  tapeline;  also,  a  metallic ribbon so marked as to serve as a
   tapeline; as, a steel tape.
   Red  tape.  See  under Red. -- Tape grass (Bot.), a plant (Vallisneria
   spiralis)  with  long  ribbonlike leaves, growing in fresh or brackish
   water;  --  called  also  fresh-water eelgrass, and, in Maryland, wild
   celery. -- Tape needle. See Bodkin, n., 4.


   Tape"line`  (?),  n. A painted tape, marked with linear dimensions, as
   inches,  feet,  etc.,  and  often  inclosed  in  a  case,  -- used for


   Ta"per (?), n. [AS. tapur, tapor, taper; cf. Ir. tapar, W. tampr.]

   1.  A  small  wax  candle;  a small lighted wax candle; hence, a small

     Get me a taper in my study, Lucius. Shak.

   2.  A  tapering  form; gradual diminution of thickness in an elongated
   object; as, the taper of a spire.

   Page 1474


   Ta"per  (?),  a.  [Supposed  to  be from taper, n., in allusion to its
   form.]  Regularly narrowed toward the point; becoming small toward one
   end; conical; pyramidical; as, taper fingers.


   Ta"per, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Tapered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tapering.] To
   become  gradually  smaller  toward  one  end;  as, a sugar loaf tapers
   toward one end.


   Ta"per, v. t. To make or cause to taper.


   Ta"pered  (?), a. Lighted with a taper or tapers; as, a tapered choir.
   [R.] T. Warton.


   Ta"per*ing  (?),  a.  Becoming  gradually  smaller  toward one end. --
   Ta"per*ing*ly, adv.


   Ta"per*ness,  n.  The  quality or state of being taper; tapering form;
   taper. Shenstone.


   Tap"es*try (?), n.; pl. Tapestries (#). [F. tapissere, fr. tapisser to
   carpet,  to  hang,  or  cover  with  tapestry,  fr.  tapis  a  carpet,
   carpeting,  LL.  tapecius,  fr. L. tapete carpet, tapestry, Gr. Tapis,
   Tippet.]  A fabric, usually of worsted, worked upon a warp of linen or
   other thread by hand, the designs being usually more or less pictorial
   and  the  stuff  employed  for wall hangings and the like. The term is
   also applied to different kinds of embroidery. Tapestry carpet, a kind
   of  carpet, somewhat resembling Brussels, in which the warp is printed
   before  weaving, so as to produce the figure in the cloth. -- Tapestry
   moth. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Carpet moth, under Carpet.


   Tap"es*try,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Tapestried (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tapestrying.] To adorn with tapestry, or as with tapestry.

     The  Trosachs  wound,  as  now,  between  gigantic  walls  of  rock
     tapestried with broom and wild roses. Macaulay.


   Tap"et  (?),  n.  [L.  tapete. See Tapestry.] Worked or figured stuff;
   tapestry. [R.] Spenser.


   Tap"e*ti  (?),  n.;  pl. Tapetis (#). [Braz.] (Zo\'94l.) A small South
   American hare (Lepus Braziliensis).


   Ta*pe"tum  (?), n. [NL., from L. tapete a carpet, a tapestry.] (Anat.)
   An  area in the pigmented layer of the choroid coat of the eye in many
   animals,  which has an iridescent or metallic luster and helps to make
   the  eye  visible in the dark. Sometimes applied to the whole layer of
   pigmented epithelium of the choroid.


   Tape"worm`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of cestode
   worms  belonging to T\'91nia and many allied genera. The body is long,
   flat,  and  composed  of  numerous  segments or proglottids varying in
   shape,  those  toward the end of the body being much larger and longer
   than  the  anterior  ones,  and  containing the fully developed sexual
   organs.  The  head  is small, destitute of a mouth, but furnished with
   two or more suckers (which vary greatly in shape in different genera),
   and  sometimes,  also,  with  hooks  for  adhesion to the walls of the
   intestines  of  the  animals in which they are parasitic. The larv\'91
   (see  Cysticercus)  live  in  the flesh of various creatures, and when
   swallowed  by  another  animal  of  the right species develop into the
   mature tapeworm in its intestine. See Illustration in Appendix.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ree sp ecies ar e common parasites of man: the pork
     tapeworm  (T\'91nia  solium),  the larva of which is found in pork;
     the  beef tapeworm (T. mediocanellata), the larva of which lives in
     the  flesh of young cattle; and the broad tapeworm (Bothriocephalus
     latus) which is found chiefly in the inhabitants of the mountainous
     regions  of  Europe  and  Asia. See also Echinococcus, Cysticercus,
     Proglottis, and 2d Measles, 4.


   Tap"house` (?), n. A house where liquors are retailed.


   Taph*ren"chy*ma  (?),  n. [Gr. enchyma, as in parenchyma.] (Bot.) Same
   as Bothrenchyma.


   Tap"i*nage (?), n. [See Tapish.] A lurking or skulking. [Obs.] Gower.


   Tap`i*o"ca  (?),  n.  [Braz.  tapioka:  cf.  Pg., Sp. & F. tapioca.] A
   coarsely  granular  substance  obtained  by  heating,  and thus partly
   changing, the moistened starch obtained from the roots of the cassava.
   It  is  much  used  in  puddings  and  as  a thickening for soups. See


   Ta"pir  (?),  n.  [Braz. tapy'ra: cf. F. tapir.] (Zo\'94l.) Any one of
   several  species  of  large  odd-toed  ungulates belonging to Tapirus,
   Elasmognathus,  and  allied  genera. They have a long prehensile upper
   lip, short ears, short and stout legs, a short, thick tail, and short,
   close  hair.  They  have three toes on the hind feet, and four toes on
   the fore feet, but the outermost toe is of little use.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e be st-known species are the Indian tapir (Tapirus
     Indicus),  native  of  the  East Indies and Malacca, which is black
     with  a  broad  band  of  white  around  the middle, and the common
     American  tapir  (T. Americanus), which, when adult, is dull brown.
     Several others species inhabit the Andes and Central America.

   Tapir tiger (Zo\'94l.), the wallah.


   Ta"pir*oid  (?), a. [Tapir + -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) Allied to the tapir, or
   the Tapir family.


   Ta"pis  (?),  n. [F. See Tapestry.] Tapestry; formerly, the cover of a
   council  table.  On,  OR  Upon,  the  tapis,  on  the  table, or under
   consideration; as, to lay a motion in Parliament on the tapis.


   Tap"is  (?),  v.  t. To cover or work with figures like tapestry. [R.]


   Tap"is*er (?), n. [F. tapissier.] A maker of tapestry; an upholsterer.
   [R.] Chaucer.


   Tap"ish (?), v. i. [F. se tapir to squat.] To lie close to the ground,
   so as to be concealed; to squat; to crouch; hence, to hide one's self.
   [Written also tappis, tappish, tappice.] [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

     As a hound that, having roused a hart, Although he tappish ne'er so
     soft. Chapman.


   Tap"lash` (?), n. Bad small beer; also, the refuse or dregs of liquor.
   [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

     The taplash of strong ale and wine. Taylor (1630).


   Tap"lings  (?),  n.  pl.  The  strong double leathers by which the two
   parts of a flail are united. Halliwell.

                                  Tapoa tafa

   Ta*po"a   ta"fa   (?).   (Zo\'94l.)   A  small  carnivorous  marsupial
   (Phascogale  penicillata)  having long, soft fur, and a very long tail
   with  a  tuft  of  long  hairs at the end; -- called also brush-tailed


   Tap"pen  (?),  n.  An  obstruction, or indigestible mass, found in the
   intestine of bears and other animals during hibernation.


   Tap"per  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The lesser spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopus
   minor);  --  called  also  tapperer, tabberer, little wood pie, barred
   woodpecker, wood tapper, hickwall, and pump borer. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tap"pes*ter (?), n. [See Tapster.] A female tapster. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Tap"pet  (?),  n.  (Mach.)  A  lever or projection moved by some other
   piece,  as  a  cam, or intended to tap or touch something else, with a
   view  to produce change or regulate motion. G. Francis. Tappet motion,
   a valve motion worked by tappets from a reciprocating part, without an
   eccentric or cam, -- used in steam pumps, etc.

                                Tappice, Tappis

   Tap"pice (?), Tap"pis (?), v. i. See Tapish.

                                  Tappit hen

   Tap"pit hen` (?).

   1. A hen having a tuft of feathers on her head. [Scot.] Jamieson.

   2.  A  measuring  pot  holding  one  quart  (according  to some, three
   quarts);  --  so  called  from a knob on the lid, though to resemble a
   crested hen. [Scot.] Jamieson.


   Tap"room` (?), n. A room where liquors are kept on tap; a barroom.

     The  ambassador was put one night into a miserable taproom, full of
     soldiers smoking. Macaulay.


   Tap"root`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  The  root of a plant which penetrates the
   earth directly downward to a considerable depth without dividing.


   Tap"ster  (?),  n. [AS. t\'91ppestre a female tapster. See Tap a plug,
   pipe,  and  -ster.]  One whose business is to tap or draw ale or other


   Ta"qua-nut` (?), n. (Bot.) A Central American name for the ivory nut.


   Tar  (?),  n.  [Abbrev. from tarpaulin.] A sailor; a seaman. [Colloq.]


   Tar,  n. [OE. terre, tarre, AS. teru, teoru; akin to D. teer, G. teer,
   theer,  Icel.  tjara,  Sw.  tj\'84ra,  Dan.  ti\'91re, and to E. tree.
   \'fb63.  See  Tree.]  A  thick,  black, viscous liquid obtained by the
   distillation  of  wood,  coal,  etc.,  and having a varied composition
   according  to  the  temperature and material employed in obtaining it.
   Coal tar. See in the Vocabulary. -- Mineral tar (Min.), a kind of soft
   native  bitumen. -- Tar board, a strong quality of millboard made from
   junk and old tarred rope. Knight. -- Tar water. (a) A cold infusion of
   tar  in  water,  used  as  a medicine. (b) The ammoniacal water of gas
   works.  -- Wood tar, tar obtained from wood. It is usually obtained by
   the  distillation of the wood of the pine, spruce, or fir, and is used
   in varnishes, cements, and to render ropes, oakum, etc., impervious to


   Tar,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Tarred (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tarring.] To
   smear with tar, or as with tar; as, to tar ropes; to tar cloth. To tar
   and feather a person. See under Feather, v. t.


   Tar"a*nis  (?),  n. [L. taranis, from the Celtic; cf. W. & Corn. taran
   thunder.]  (Myth.)  A Celtic divinity, regarded as the evil principle,
   but confounded by the Romans with Jupiter.


   Tar`an*tass"  (?),  n.  [Russ. tarantas'.] A low four-wheeled carriage
   used  in  Russia.  The  carriage  box rests on two long, springy poles
   which  run  from  the  fore to the hind axletree. When snow falls, the
   wheels are taken off, and the body is mounted on a sledge.


   Tar`an*tel"la  (?),  n. [It.] (Mus.) (a) A rapid and delirious sort of
   Neapolitan  dance in 6-8 time, which moves in whirling triplets; -- so
   called  from  a  popular  notion  of  its  being  a remedy against the
   poisonous  bite of the tarantula. Some derive its name from Taranto in
   Apulia. (b) Music suited to such a dance.


   Tar"ant*ism   (?),   n.   [It.  tarantismo:  cf.  F.  tarentisme.  See
   Tarantula.]  (Med.)  A nervous affection producing melancholy, stupor,
   and  an uncontrollable desire to dance. It was supposed to be produced
   by  the  bite of the tarantula, and considered to be incapable of cure
   except  by  protraced  dancing  to  appropriate  music.  [Written also


   Ta*ran"tu*la  (?),  n.;  pl.  E.  Tarantulas (#), L. Tarantul\'91 (#).
   [NL., fr. It. tarantola, fr. L. Tarentum, now Taranto, in the south of
   Italy.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  several  species  of large spiders,
   popularly  supposed  to  be  very  venomous,  especially  the European
   species  (Tarantula  apuli\'91).  The tarantulas of Texas and adjacent
   countries  are  large  species  of  Mygale.  [Written also tarentula.]
   Tarantula  killer,  a  very  large  wasp  (Pompilus  formosus),  which
   captures  the  Texan  tarantula  (Mygale Hentzii) and places it in its
   nest as food for its young, after paralyzing it by a sting.


   Ta*ran"tu*la`ted   (?),  a.  Bitten  by  a  tarantula;  affected  with


   Tar*bog"an (?), n. & v. See Toboggan.


   Tar*boosh"  (?),  n.  [Ar. tarb; perhaps from Per. sar-posh headdress:
   cf.  F.  tarbouch.] A red cap worn by Turks and other Eastern nations,
   sometimes  alone  and  sometimes  swathed with linen or other stuff to
   make a turban. See Fez.


   Tar*da"tion  (?),  n.  [L. tardatio, fr. tardare, tardatum, to retard,
   delay,   fr.   tardus  slow.]  The  act  of  retarding,  or  delaying;
   retardation. [Obs.]


   Tar`di*gra"da (?), n. pl. [NL. See Tardigrade, a.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  tribe  of edentates comprising the sloths. They are
   noted  for  the  slowness  of  their movements when on the ground. See
   Sloth, 3.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  order  of minute aquatic arachnids; -- called also
   bear animalcules, sloth animalcules, and water bears.


   Tar"di*grade (?), a. [L. tardigradus; tardus slow + gradi to step: cf.
   F. tardigrade.]

   1. Moving or stepping slowly; slow-paced. [R.] G. Eliot.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Tardigrada.


   Tar"di*grade, n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Tardigrada.


   Tar"di*gra`dous  (?),  a.  Moving  slowly;  slow-paced.  [Obs.] Sir T.


   Tar"di*ly (?), adv. In a tardy manner; slowly.


   Tar"di*ness, n. The quality or state of being tardy.


   Tar`di*ta"tion (?), n. Tardiness. [Obs.]

     To  instruct them to avoid all snares of tarditation, in the Lord's
     affairs. Herrick.


   Tar"di*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  tarditas.]  Slowness; tardiness. [R.] Sir K.


   Tar"do  (?), a. [It.] (Mus.) Slow; -- a direction to perform a passage


   Tar"do, n. [Sp., slow, L. tardus.] (Zo\'94l.) A sloth.


   Tar"dy  (?),  a.  [Compar. Tardier (?); superl. Tardiest.] [F. tardif,
   fr. (assumed) LL. tardivus, fr. L. tardus slow.]

   1. Moving with a slow pace or motion; slow; not swift.

     And check the tardy flight of time. Sandys.

     Tardy to vengeance, and with mercy brave. Prior.

   2. Not being inseason; late; dilatory; -- opposed to prompt; as, to be
   tardy in one's payments. Arbuthnot.

     The tardy plants in our cold orchards placed. Waller.

   3. Unwary; unready. [Obs.] Hudibras.

   4.  Criminal; guilty. [Obs.] Collier. Syn. -- Slow; dilatory; tedious;
   reluctant. See Slow.


   Tar"dy, v. t. To make tardy. [Obs.] Shak.


   Tare (?), obs. imp. of Tear. Tore.


   Tare,  n.  [Cf.  Prov.  E.  tare  brisk, eager, OE. tarefitch the wild

   1. A weed that grows among wheat and other grain; -- alleged by modern
   naturalists to be the Lolium temulentum, or darnel.

     Didst not thou sow good seed in thy field? From whence then hath it
     tares? Matt. xiii. 27.

     The  "darnel" is said to be the tares of Scripture, and is the only
     deleterious species belonging to the whole order. Baird.

   2.  (Bot.)  A  name of several climbing or diffuse leguminous herbs of
   the  genus  Vicia;  especially,  the  V.  sativa,  sometimes grown for


   Tare,  n.  [F.  tare; cf. Pr., Sp., Pg., & It. tara; all fr. Ar. tarah
   thrown   away,   removed,   fr.  taraha  to  reject,  remove.]  (Com.)
   Deficientcy in the weight or quantity of goods by reason of the weight
   of  the  cask, bag, or whatever contains the commodity, and is weighed
   with  it;  hence,  the  allowance  or abatement of a certain weight or
   quantity  which the seller makes to the buyer on account of the weight
   of such cask, bag, etc.


   Tare,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Tared (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Taring.] To
   ascertain or mark the tare of (goods).


   Tared  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Weighed;  determined;  reduced  to  equal or
   standard   weight;   as,   tared   filter  papers,  used  in  weighing


   Ta*ren"te  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. tarente.] (Zo\'94l.) A harmless lizard of
   the  Gecko  family  (Platydactylus  Mauritianicus)  found  in Southern
   Europe and adjacent countries, especially among old walls and ruins.


   Tar"ent*ism (?), n. See Tarantism.


   Ta*ren"tu*la (?), n. See Tarantula.


   Targe (?), n. [F. Cf. Target.] A shield or target. [Obs. or Poetic] "A
   buckler on a targe." Chaucer.


   Tar"get  (?),  n.  [OF.  targette, dim. of OF. & F. targe, of Teutonic
   origin;  cf.  AS.  targe,  OD. targie, G. zarge a frame, case, border,
   OHG. zarga, Icel. targa shield.]

   1.  A  kind  of small shield or buckler, used as a defensive weapon in

   2.  (a)  A  butt  or mark to shoot at, as for practice, or to test the
   accuracy  of  a firearm, or the force of a projectile. (b) The pattern
   or  arrangement  of  a  series of hits made by a marksman on a butt or
   mark; as, he made a good target.

   3. (Surveying) The sliding crosspiece, or vane, on a leveling staff.

   4.  (Railroad)  A  conspicuous disk attached to a switch lever to show
   its position, or for use as a signal.

   Page 1475


   Tar"get*ed (?), a. Furnished, armed, or protected, with a target.


   Tar`get*eer"  (?),  n.  One  who  is  armed  with  a target or shield.
   [Written also targetier.]


   Tar"gum   (?),  n.;  pl.  Targums  (#).  Heb.  Targumim  (#).  [Chald.
   targ&umac;m  interpretation, fr. targ\'c7m to interpret. Cf. Truchman,
   and  Dragoman.] A translation or paraphrase of some portion of the Old
   Testament Scriptures in the Chaldee or Aramaic language or dialect.


   Tar"gum*ist, n. The writer of a Targum; one versed in the Targums.


   Tar"iff  (?), n. [F. tarif; cf. Sp. & Pg. tarifa, It. tariffa; all fr.
   Ar.  ta'r\'c6f  information,  explanation, definition, from 'arafa, to
   know, to inform, explain.]

   1.  A  schedule, system, or scheme of duties imposed by the government
   of  a country upon goods imported or exported; as, a revenue tariff; a
   protective tariff; Clay's compromise tariff. (U.S. 1833).

     NOTE: &hand; Th e Un ited States and Great Britain impose no duties
     on  exports;  hence,  in  these countries the tariff refers only to

   2.  The  duty,  or rate of duty, so imposed; as, the tariff on wool; a
   tariff of two cents a pound.

   3.  Any  schedule  or  system of rates, changes, etc.; as, a tariff of
   fees, or of railroad fares. Bolingbroke.


   Tar"iff, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tariffed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tariffing.]
   To make a list of duties on, as goods.


   Tar"in (?), n. [F.] (Zo\'94l.) The siskin. [Prov.]


   Tar"ing  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.)The common tern; -- called also tarret, and
   tarrock. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tar"la*tan  (?),  n.  A  kind  of  thin,  transparent muslin, used for


   Tarn (?), n. [OE. terne, Icel. tj\'94rn.] A mountain lake or pool.

     A lofty precipice in front, A silent tarn below. Wordsworth.


   Tar"nish  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Tarnished (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tarnishing.]  [F. ternir, fr. OHG. tarnen to darken, to conceal, hide;
   akin  to  OS.  dernian to hide, AS. dernan, dyrnan, OHG. tarni hidden,
   OS.  derni, AS. derne, dyrne. Cf. Dern, a., and see -ish.] To soil, or
   change  the appearance of, especially by an alternation induced by the
   air, or by dust, or the like; to diminish, dull, or destroy the luster
   of;  to  sully; as, to tarnish a metal; to tarnish gilding; to tarnish
   the purity of color. "Tarnished lace." Fuller. Used also figuratively;
   as, to tarnish one's honor. Syn. -- To sully; stain; dim.


   Tar"nish,  v.  i.  To  lose  luster;  to become dull; as, gilding will
   tarnish in a foul air.

     Till  thy  fresh glories, which now shine so bright, Grow stale and
     tarnish with our daily sight. Dryden.


   Tar"nish, n.

   1. The quality or state of being tarnished; stain; soil; blemish.

   2.  (Min.)  A  thin  film  on the surface of a metal, usually due to a
   slight  alteration  of  the  original  color; as, the steel tarnish in


   Tar"nish*er (?), n. One who, or that which, tarnishes.


   Ta"ro  (?),  n.  [From the Polynesian name.] (Bot.) A name for several
   aroid   plants   (Colocasia   antiquorum,  var.  esculenta,  Colocasia
   macrorhiza,   etc.),   and   their   rootstocks.   They   have   large
   ovate-sagittate  leaves  and large fleshy rootstocks, which are cooked
   and used for food in tropical countries.


   Tar"ot  (?), n. [F.; cf. It. tarocco.] A game of cards; -- called also
   taroc. Hoyle.


   Tar"pan  (?), n. [From the native name.] (Zo\'94l.) A wild horse found
   in the region of the Caspian Sea.


   Tar*pau"lin (?), n. [Tar + palling a covering, pall to cover. See Pall
   a covering.]

   1.  A  piece  of  canvas covered with tar or a waterproof composition,
   used for covering the hatches of a ship, hammocks, boats, etc.

   2.  A  hat  made of, or covered with, painted or tarred cloth, worn by
   sailors and others.

   3. Hence, a sailor; a seaman; a tar.

     To  a  landsman,  these  tarpaulins,  as they were called, seemed a
     strange and half-savage race. Macaulay.


   Tar"pon (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Tarpum.


   Tar"pum  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  very  large  marine  fish (Megapolis
   Atlanticus)  of  the  Southern  United  States and the West Indies. It
   often  becomes  six  or  more  feet  in  length, and has large silvery
   scales.  The  scales  are  a  staple article of trade, and are used in
   fancywork.  Called  also  tarpon,  sabalo,  savanilla, silverfish, and


   Tar"quin*ish  (?),  a.  Like a Tarquin, a king of ancient Rome; proud;
   haughty; overbearing.


   Tar"race (?), n. See Trass. [Obs.]


   Tar"ra*gon  (?),  n.  [Sp. taragona, Ar. tarkh; perhaps fr. Gr. draco;
   cf.  L. dracunculus tarragon. Cf. Dragon.] (Bot.) A plant of the genus
   Artemisa (A. dracunculus), much used in France for flavoring vinegar.


   Tar"ras (?), n. See Trass. [Obs.]


   Tarre (?), v. t. [OE. tarien, terien, to irritate, provoke, AS. tergan
   to  pull,  pluck,  torment; probably akin to E. tear, v.t. \'fb63. Cf.
   Tarry, v.] To set on, as a dog; to incite. [Obs.] Shak.


   Tar"ri*ance  (?),  n.  The  act  or time of tarrying; delay; lateness.
   [Archaic] Shak.

     And after two days' tarriance there, returned. Tennyson.


   Tar"ri*er (?), n. One who, or that which, tarries.


   Tar"ri*er, n. (Zo\'94l.) A kind of dig; a terrier. [Obs.]


   Tar"rock  (?),  n.  [Greenland tattarock.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) The young of
   the  kittiwake  gull  before the first molt. (b) The common guillemot.
   [Prov. Eng.] (c) The common tern.


   Tar"ry  (?),  a.  [From  Tar, n.] Consisting of, or covered with, tar;
   like tar.


   Tar"ry  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Tarried  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tarrying.]  [OE.  tarien to irritate (see Tarre); but with a change of
   sense probably due to confusion with OE. targen to delay, OF. targier,
   fr.  (assumed)  LL.  tardicare, fr. L. tardare to make slow, to tarry,
   fr. tardus slow. Cf. Tardy.]

   1. To stay or remain behind; to wait.

     Tarry ye for us, until we come again. Ex. xxiv. 14.

   2. To delay; to put off going or coming; to loiter.

     Come down unto me, tarry not. Gen. xic. 9.

     One tarried here, there hurried one. Emerson.

   3. To stay; to abide; to continue; to lodge.

     Tarry all night, and wash your feet. Gen. xix. 2.

   Syn. -- To abide; continue; lodge; await; loiter.


   Tar"ry, v. t.

   1. To delay; to defer; to put off. [Obs.]

     Tarry us here no longer than to-morrow. Chaucer.

   2. To wait for; to stay or stop for. [Archaic]

     He  that  will  have  a  cake out of the wheat must needs tarry the
     grinding. Shak.

     He plodded on, . . . tarrying no further question. Sir W. Scott.


   Tar"ry, n. Stay; stop; delay. [Obs.] E. Lodge.


   Tar"sal  (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the tarsus (either of the
   foot  or  eye).  --  n.  A tarsal bone or cartilage; a tarsale. Tarsal
   tetter (Med.), an eruptive disease of the edges of the eyelids; a kind
   of bleareye.


   Tar"sal (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Tercel. [Obs.]


   Tar*sa"le (?), n.; pl. Tarsalia (#). [NL.] (Anat.) One of the bones or
   cartilages  of  the  tarsus; esp., one of the series articulating with
   the metatarsals.


   Tarse (?), n. [Cf. Tassel, Tiercel.] (Falconry) The male falcon.


   Tarse (?), n. [Cf. F. tarse.] (Anat.) tarsus.


   Tar*sec"to*my  (?), n. [Tarsus + Gr. (Surg.) The operation of excising
   one or more of the bones of the tarsus.


   Tar"sel (?), n. A male hawk. See Tercel. [Obs.]


   Tar"si (?), n., pl. of Tarsus.

                              Tarsia, Tarsiatura

   Tar"si*a  (?),  Tar`si*a*tu"ra  (?),  n.  [It.]  A  kind  of mosaic in
   woodwork,  much  employed in Italy in the fifteenth century and later,
   in  which  scrolls and arabesques, and sometimes architectural scenes,
   landscapes,  fruits,  flowers, and the like, were produced by inlaying
   pieces  of  wood of different colors and shades into panels usually of
   walnut wood.


   Tar"si*er (?), n. [Cf. F. tarsier.] See Tarsius.


   Tar"si*us  (?),  n.  [NL. See Tarsus.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of nocturnal
   lemurine  mammals  having  very  large eyes and ears, a long tail, and
   very  long  proximal  tarsal  bones;  --  called also malmag, spectral
   lemur, podji, and tarsier.


   Tar"so-  (?).  A combining form used in anatomy to indicate connection
   with, or relation to, the tarsus; as, tarsometatarsus.


   Tar`so*met`a*tar"sal  (?), a. (Anat.) (a) Of or pertaining to both the
   tarsus  and  metatarsus; as, the tarsometatarsal articulations. (b) Of
   or pertaining to the tarsometatarsus.


   Tar`so*met`a*tar"sus  (?),  n.;  pl. Tarsometatarsi (#). [NL.] (Anat.)
   The large bone next the foot in the leg of a bird. It is formed by the
   union of the distal part of the tarsus with the metatarsus.


   Tar*sor"rha*phy (?), n. [Tarsus + Gr. (Surg.) An operation to diminish
   the  size  of the opening between eyelids when enlarged by surrounding


   Tar*sot"o*my (?), n. [Tarsus + Gr. (Surg.) The operation of cutting or
   removing the tarsal cartilages.


   Tar"sus (?), n.; pl. Tarsi (#). [NL., fr. Gr. Tarse.]

   1.  (Anat.)  (a) The ankle; the bones or cartilages of the part of the
   foot  between  the  metatarsus and the leg, consisting in man of seven
   short  bones.  (b)  A plate of dense connective tissue or cartilage in
   the  eyelid  of man and many animals; -- called also tarsal cartilage,
   and tarsal plate.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  foot  of  an  insect  or a crustacean. It usually
   consists of form two to five joints.


   Tart (?), a. [AS. teart. \'fb63. Cf. Tear, v. t.]

   1. Sharp to the taste; acid; sour; as, a tart apple.

   2.  Fig.: Sharp; keen; severe; as, a tart reply; tart language; a tart

     Why art thou tart, my brother? Bunyan.


   Tart,  n.  [OE.  tarte,  F. tarte; perhaps originally the same word as
   tourte,  LL.  torta,  fr.  L. tortus, p.p. of torquere to twist, bend,
   wind,  because  tarts  were  originally  made  of a twisted shape. Cf.
   Torture,  n.]  A  species  of  small  open  pie,  or  piece of pastry,
   containing jelly or conserve; a sort of fruit pie.


   Tar"tan (?), n. [F. tiretane linsey-woolsey, akin to Sp. tirita\'a4a a
   sort  of  thin  silk;  cf.  Sp. tiritar to shiver or shake with cold.]
   Woolen  cloth,  checkered  or crossbarred with narrow bands of various
   colors,  much worn in the Highlands of Scotland; hence, any pattern of
   tartan; also, other material of a similar pattern.

     MacCullummore's heart will be as cold as death can make it, when it
     does not warm to the tartan. Sir W. Scott.

     The  sight  of  the  tartan  inflamed  the  populace of London with
     hatred. Macaulay.


   Tar"tan,  n.  [F. tartane, or Sp., Pg., or It. tartana; all perhaps of
   Arabic   origin.]  (Naut.)  A  small  coasting  vessel,  used  in  the
   Mediterranean,  having  one  mast  carrying  large  leteen sail, and a
   bowsprit with staysail or jib.


   Tar"tar  (?), n. [F. tartre (cf. Pr. tartari, Sp., Pg., & It. tartaro,
   LL. tartarum, LGr.

   1.  (Chem.)  A  reddish  crust  or  sediment in wine casks, consisting
   essentially  of  crude cream of tartar, and used in marking pure cream
   of  tartar, tartaric acid, potassium carbonate, black flux, etc., and,
   in  dyeing,  as a mordant for woolen goods; -- called also argol, wine
   stone, etc.

   2. A correction which often incrusts the teeth, consisting of salivary
   mucus, animal matter, and phosphate of lime.
   Cream  of  tartar.  (Chem.)  See  under  Cream. -- Tartar emetic (Med.
   Chem.),  a  double  tartrate  of potassium and basic antimony. It is a
   poisonous  white  crystalline  substance  having  a  sweetish metallic
   taste, and used in medicine as a sudorific and emetic.


   Tar"tar (?), n.

   1.  [Per.  T\'bet\'ber,  of  Tartar origin.] A native or inhabitant of
   Tartary  in  Asia;  a  member  of  any one of numerous tribes, chiefly
   Moslem,  of  Turkish origin, inhabiting the Russian Europe; -- written
   also, more correctly but less usually, Tatar.

   2. A person of a keen, irritable temper.
   To  catch  a tartar, to lay hold of, or encounter, a person who proves
   too strong for the assailant. [Colloq.]


   Tar"tar, a. Of or pertaining to Tartary in Asia, or the Tartars.


   Tar"tar, n. [Cf. F. tartare.] See Tartarus. Shak.


   Tar"tar*a`ted (?), a. (Chem.) Tartrated.

                             Tartarean, Tartareous

   Tar*ta"re*an   (?),  Tar*ta"re*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  tartareus:  cf.  F.
   tartar\'82en.] Of or pertaining to Tartarus; hellish.


   Tar*ta"re*ous, a. [Cf. 1st Tartarous.]

   1. Consisting of tartar; of the nature of tartar.

   2. (Bot.) Having the surface rough and crumbling; as, many lichens are

                              Tartarian, Tartaric

   Tar*ta"ri*an  (?),  Tar*tar"ic  (?), a. Of or pertaining to Tartary in
   Asia,  or  the  Tartars.  Tartarian  lamb  (Bot.),  Scythian lamb. See


   Tar*ta"ri*an (?), n. (Bot.) The name of some kinds of cherries, as the
   Black Tartarian, or the White Tartarian.


   Tar*tar"ic  (?),  a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to tartar; derived from,
   or  resembling,  tartar.  Tartaric  acid.  (a) An acid widely diffused
   throughout  the vegetable kingdom, as in grapes, mountain-ash berries,
   etc.,  and  obtained  from  tartar  as  a white crystalline substance,
   C2H2(OH)2.(CO2H)2,  having  a  strong  pure  acid taste. It is used in
   medicine, in dyeing, calico printing, photography, etc., and also as a
   substitute  for  lemon juice. Called also dextro-tartaric acid. (b) By
   extension,  any  one  of  the  series of isomeric acids (racemic acid,
   levotartaric  acid,  inactive  tartaric  acid)  of which tartaric acid
   proper is the type.


   Tar"tar*ine  (?),  n. (Old Chem.) Potassium carbonate, obtained by the
   incineration of tartar. [Obs.]


   Tar"tar*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tartarized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tartarizing  (?).] [Cf. F. tartariser.] (Chem.) To impregnate with, or
   subject  to  the  action  of,  tartar.  [R.] Tartarized antimony (Med.
   Chem.), tartar emetic.


   Tar"tar*ize  (?),  v.  t.  To  cause to resemble the Tartars and their
   civilization, as by conquest.


   Tar"tar*ous  (?), a. [Cf. F. tartareux.] Containing tartar; consisting
   of tartar, or partaking of its qualities; tartareous.


   Tar"tar*ous  (?),  a.  Resembling,  or  characteristic  of,  a Tartar;
   ill-natured; irritable.

     The Tartarous moods of common men. B. Jonson.


   Tar"ta*rum (?), n. (Chem.) See 1st Tartar.


   Tar"ta*rus  (?), n. [L., from Gr. (Class. Myth.) The infernal regions,
   described  in  the  Iliad  as situated as far below Hades as heaven is
   above  the  earth, and by later writers as the place of punishment for
   the spirits of the wicked. By the later poets, also, the name is often
   used synonymously with Hades, or the Lower World in general.


   Tar"ta*ry (?), n. Tartarus. [Obs.] Spenser.

   Page 1476

                                Tartini's tones

   Tar*ti"ni's  tones`  (?).  [From  Tartini,  an  Italian violinist, who
   discovered them in 1754.] See the Note under Tone.


   Tart"ish (?), a. Somewhat tart.


   Tart"let (?), n. A small tart. V. Knox.


   Tart"ly, adv. In a tart manner; with acidity.


   Tart"ness,  n.  The  quality or state of being tart. Syn. -- Acrimony;
   sourness;   keenness;   poignancy;   severity;   asperity;   acerbity;
   harshness. See Acrimony.


   Tar*tral"ic  (?),  a.  [From  Tartar  the  chemical compound.] (Chem.)
   Pertaining  to,  or designating, an acid obtained as a white amorphous
   deliquescent   substance,   C8H10O11;   --   called  also  ditartaric,
   tartrilic, or tartrylic acid.


   Tar*tram"ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of tartramic acid.


   Tar*tram"ic  (?),  a.  [Tarto-  + amic.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or
   designating,  an  acid  which  is the primary acid amide derivative of
   tartaric acid.


   Tar*tram"ide   (?),  n.  [Tarto-  +  amide.]  (Chem.)  An  acid  amide
   derivative   of   tartaric  acid,  obtained  as  a  white  crystalline


   Tar"trate (?), n. [Cf. F. tartrate.] (Chem.) A salt of tartaric acid.


   Tar"tra`ted  (?), a. (Med. Chem.) Containing, or derived from, tartar;
   combined with tartaric acid.


   Tar"tra*zine  (?),  n.  [Tartaric  + hydrazine.] (Chem.) An artificial
   dyestuff obtained as an orange-yellow powder, and regarded as a phenyl
   hydrazine derivative of tartaric and sulphonic acids.


   Tar*trel"ic  (?),  a. [From Tartar the chemical compound.] (Chem.) Of,
   pertaining to, or designating, an anhydride, C4H4O5, of tartaric acid,
   obtained as a white crystalline deliquescent substance.


   Tar"tro-.  A  combining form (also used adjectively) used in chemistry
   to  denote  the  presence  of  tartar  or  of some of its compounds or


   Tar"tro*nate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of tartronic acid.


   Tar*tron"ic (?), a. [Tartro- + malonic.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or
   designating,  an  organic  acid  (called  also  hydroxy  malonic acid)
   obtained,   by   reducing  mesoxalic  acid,  as  a  white  crystalline


   Tar"tro*nyl  (?), n. [Tartronic + -yl.] (Chem.) A hypothetical radical
   constituting  the characteristic residue of tartronic acid and certain
   of its derivatives.


   Tar`tro*vin"ic  (?),  a. [Tartro- + vinic.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to,
   or   designating,   a  certain  acid  composed  of  tartaric  acid  in
   combination with ethyl, and now called ethyltartaric acid.

                               Tartuffe, Tartufe

   Tar*tuffe",  Tar*tufe"  (?),  n. [F. tartufe.] A hypocritical devotee.
   See the Dictionary of Noted Names in Fiction.

                             Tartuffish, Tartufish

   Tar*tuff"ish,  Tar*tuf"ish, a. Like a tartuffe; precise; hypocritical.


   Tar"weed`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) A name given to several resinous-glandular
   composite  plants  of  California,  esp.  to the species of Grindelia,
   Hemizonia, and Madia.


   Tas (?), n. [F.] A heap. [Obs.] "The tas of bodies slain." Chaucer.


   Tas,  v.  t.  To tassel. [Obs.] "A purse of leather tassed with silk."


   Tas"co  (?),  n. [Cf. Sp. tasconio.] A kind of clay for making melting
   pots. Percy Smith.


   Ta*sim"er  (?), n. [Gr. -meter.] (Physics) An instrument for detecting
   or  measuring  minute  extension  or  movements  of  solid  bodies. It
   consists  essentially  of  a  small  rod,  disk,  or button of carbon,
   forming  part of an electrical circuit, the resistance of which, being
   varied  by  the  changes  of pressure produced by the movements of the
   object  to  be  measured,  causes  variations  in  the strength of the
   current,  which  variations are indicated by a sensitive galvanometer.
   It  is  also  used  for measuring minute changes of temperature. T. A.


   Task  (?),  n.  [OE.  taske,  OF. tasque, F. t\'83che, for tasche, LL.
   tasca,  taxa, fr. L. taxare to rate, appraise, estimate. See Tax, n. &

   1.  Labor or study imposed by another, often in a definite quantity or

     Ma task of servile toil. Milton.

     Each  morning  sees  some  task  begin, Each evening sees it close.

   2. Business; employment; undertaking; labor.

     His mental powers were equal to greater tasks. Atterbury.

   To  take  to  task.  See  under Take. Syn. -- Work; labor; employment;
   business; toil; drudgery; study; lesson; stint.


   Task, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tasked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tasking.]

   1.  To  impose  a  task upon; to assign a definite amount of business,
   labor, or duty to.

     There task thy maids, and exercise the loom. Dryden.

   2. To oppress with severe or excessive burdens; to tax.

   3. To charge; to tax; as with a fault.

     Too impudent to task me with those errors. Beau. & Fl.


   Task"er (?), n.

   1. One who imposes a task.

   2. One who performs a task, as a day-laborer. [R.]

   3. A laborer who receives his wages in kind. [Scot.]


   Task"mas`ter  (?),  n. One who imposes a task, or burdens another with
   labor; one whose duty is to assign tasks; an overseer. Ex. i. 11.

     All  is,  if  I  have  grace  to  use  it  so,  As ever in my great
     Taskmaster's eye. Milton.


   Task"work`  (?),  n.  Work done as a task; also, work done by the job;


   Tas"let  (?),  n.  [See  Tasse  a  piece  of  armor.] A piece of armor
   formerly worn to guard the things; a tasse.


   Tas*ma"ni*an  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to Tasmania, or Van Diemen's
   Land.   --  n.  A  native  or  inhabitant  of  Tasmania;  specifically
   (Ethnol.),  in  the  plural,  the  race of men that formerly inhabited
   Tasmania,  but  is  now  extinct. Tasmanain cider tree. (Bot.) See the
   Note under Eucalyptus. -- Tasmanain devil. (Zo\'94l.) See under Devil.
   --  Tasmanain  wolf  (Zo\'94l.),  a  savage  carnivorous marsupial; --
   called also zebra wolf. See Zebra wolf, under Wolf.


   Tasse (?), n. [OF. tassette.] A piece of armor for the thighs, forming
   an appendage to the ancient corselet.

     NOTE: &hand; Us ually th e ta sse was a plate of iron swinging from
     the  cuirass, but the skirts of sliding splints were also called by
     this name.


   Tas"sel (?), n. (Falconry) A male hawk. See Tercel.


   Tas"sel,  n.  [See  Teasel.]  A  kind of bur used in dressing cloth; a


   Tas"sel,  n.  [OE.,  a  fastening of a mantle, OF. tassel a fastening,
   clasp,  F.  tasseau  a  bracket, Fr. L. taxillus a little die, dim. of
   talus  a  die of a longish shape, rounded on two sides and marked only
   on the other four, a knuckle bone.]

   1.  A  pendent  ornament,  attached  to  the  corners  of cushions, to
   curtains, and the like, ending in a tuft of loose threads or cords.

   2. The flower or head of some plants, esp. when pendent.

     And  the  maize  field  grew  and ripened, Till it stood in all the
     splendor  Of  its garments green and yellow, Of its tassels and its
     plumage. Longfellow.

   3.  A  narrow  silk  ribbon,  or  the  like, sewed to a book to be put
   between the leaves.

   4.  (Arch.)  A  piece  of  board that is laid upon a wall as a sort of
   plate, to give a level surface to the ends of floor timbers; -- rarely
   used in the United States.
   Tassel  flower (Bot.), a name of several composite plants of the genus
   Cineraria,  especially  the C. sconchifolia, and of the blossoms which
   they bear.


   Tas"sel,  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Tasseled (?) or Tasselled; p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Tasseling  or  Tasselling.]  To  put forth a tassel or flower; as,
   maize tassels.


   Tas"sel, v. t. To adorn with tassels. Chaucer.


   Tas"set  (?),  n.  [See  Tasse.] A defense for the front of the thigh,
   consisting  of  one  or  more iron plates hanging from the belt on the
   lower edge of the corselet.<-- same as tasse? -->


   Tast"a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of  worthy  of  being  tasted;  savory;


   Taste  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tasted (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tasting.]
   [OE. tasten to feel, to taste, OF. taster, F. tater to feel, to try by
   the  touch, to try, to taste, (assumed) LL. taxitare, fr. L. taxare to
   touch sharply, to estimate. See Tax, v. t.]

   1. To try by the touch; to handle; as, to taste a bow. [Obs.] Chapman.

     Taste it well and stone thou shalt it find. Chaucer.

   2. To try by the touch of the tongue; to perceive the relish or flavor
   of  (anything)  by  taking  a  small  quantity into a mouth. Also used

     When  the  ruler  of  the  feast had tasted the water that was made
     wine. John ii. 9.

     When  Commodus  had once tasted human blood, he became incapable of
     pity or remorse. Gibbon.

   3. To try by eating a little; to eat a small quantity of.

     I tasted a little of this honey. 1 Sam. xiv. 29.

   4. To become acquainted with by actual trial; to essay; to experience;
   to undergo.

     He . . . should taste death for every man. Heb. ii. 9.

   5.  To partake of; to participate in; -- usually with an implied sense
   of relish or pleasure.

     Thou  .  .  . wilt taste No pleasure, though in pleasure, solitary.


   Taste, v. i.

   1.  To  try food with the mouth; to eat or drink a little only; to try
   the flavor of anything; as, to taste of each kind of wine.

   2.  To  have  a  smack; to excite a particular sensation, by which the
   specific  quality  or  flavor  is  distinguished; to have a particular
   quality  or character; as, this water tastes brackish; the milk tastes
   of garlic.

     Yea, every idle, nice, and wanton reason Shall to the king taste of
     this action. Shak.

   3. To take sparingly.

     For age but tastes of pleasures, youth devours. Dryden.

   4.  To  have  perception, experience, or enjoyment; to partake; as, to
   taste of nature's bounty. Waller.

     The valiant never taste of death but once. Shak.


   Taste, n.

   1. The act of tasting; gustation.

   2. A particular sensation excited by the application of a substance to
   the  tongue;  the  quality  or  savor of any substance as perceived by
   means of the tongue; flavor; as, the taste of an orange or an apple; a
   bitter taste; an acid taste; a sweet taste.

   3.  (Physiol.)  The one of the five senses by which certain properties
   of  bodies  (called  their  taste,  savor,  flavor) are ascertained by
   contact with the organs of taste.

     NOTE: &hand; Ta ste depends mainly on the contact of soluble matter
     with   the   terminal   organs  (connected  with  branches  of  the
     glossopharyngeal and other nerves) in the papill\'91 on the surface
     of  the tongue. The base of the tongue is considered most sensitive
     to bitter substances, the point to sweet and acid substances.

   4.  Intellectual  relish;  liking;  fondness; -- formerly with of, now
   with for; as, he had no taste for study.

     I have no taste Of popular applause. Dryden.

   5.   The  power  of  perceiving  and  relishing  excellence  in  human
   performances;  the  faculty  of  discerning  beauty, order, congruity,
   proportion, symmetry, or whatever constitutes excellence, particularly
   in the fine arts and belles-letters; critical judgment; discernment.

   6. Manner, with respect to what is pleasing, refined, or in accordance
   with  good  usage; style; as, music composed in good taste; an epitaph
   in bad taste.

   7. Essay; trial; experience; experiment. Shak.

   8.  A  small  portion  given  as a specimen; a little piece tastted of
   eaten; a bit. Bacon.

   9.  A  kind  of  narrow  and  thin silk ribbon. Syn. -- Savor; relish;
   flavor;  sensibility;  gout.  --  Taste,  Sensibility,  Judgment. Some
   consider  taste as a mere sensibility, and others as a simple exercise
   of  judgment;  but  a  union  of both is requisite to the existence of
   anything  which  deserves the name. An original sense of the beautiful
   is just as necessary to \'91sthetic judgments, as a sense of right and
   wrong  to the formation of any just conclusions or moral subjects. But
   this  "sense  of  the  beautiful" is not an arbitrary principle. It is
   under  the  guidance  of  reason; it grows in delicacy and correctness
   with  the  progress  of the individual and of society at large; it has
   its  laws,  which  are  seated  in the nature of man; and it is in the
   development of these laws that we find the true "standard of taste."

     What, then, is taste, but those internal powers, Active and strong,
     and  feelingly  alive  To  each fine impulse? a discerning sense Of
     decent  and  sublime,  with  quick disgust From things deformed, or
     disarranged,  or  gross  In  species? This, nor gems, nor stores of
     gold,  Nor  purple  state,  nor culture, can bestow, But God alone,
     when  first  his  active hand Imprints the secret bias of the soul.

   Taste  of  buds,  OR  Taste  of  goblets (Anat.), the flask-shaped end
   organs  of  taste in the epithelium of the tongue. They are made up of
   modified epithelial cells arranged somewhat like leaves in a bud.


   Taste"ful (?), a.

   1. Having a high relish; savory. "Tasteful herbs." Pope.

   2.  Having  or  exhibiting  good taste; in accordance with good taste;
   tasty;   as,   a   tasteful   drapery.   --   Taste"ful*ly,   adv.  --
   Taste"ful*ness, n.


   Taste"less, a.

   1. Having no taste; insipid; flat; as, tasteless fruit.

   2.  Destitute of the sense of taste; or of good taste; as, a tasteless
   age. Orrery.

   3.  Not  in accordance with good taste; as, a tasteless arrangement of
   drapery. -- Taste"less*ly, adv. -- Taste"less*ness, n.


   Tast"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who tastes; especially, one who first tastes food or drink to
   ascertain its quality.

     Thy tutor be thy taster, ere thou eat. Dryden.

   2.  That  in which, or by which, anything is tasted, as, a dram cup, a
   cheese taster, or the like.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  a  peculiar  kind  of  zooids situated on the
   polyp-stem of certain Siphonophora. They somewhat resemble the feeding
   zooids, but are destitute of mouths. See Siphonophora.


   Tast"i*ly (?), adv. In a tasty manner.


   Tast"ing,  n. The act of perceiving or tasting by the organs of taste;
   the faculty or sense by which we perceive or distinguish savors.


   Tas"to  (?), n. [It.] (Mus.) A key or thing touched to produce a tone.
   Tasto  solo,  single touch; -- in old music, a direction denoting that
   the  notes  in  the  bass  over or under which it is written should be
   performed alone, or with no other chords than unisons and octaves.


   Tast"y (?), a. [Compar. Tastier (?); superl. Tastiest.]

   1.  Having a good taste; -- applied to persons; as, a tasty woman. See
   Taste, n., 5.<-- not used in that sense now. -->

   2.  Being  in conformity to the principles of good taste; elegant; as,
   tasty furniture; a tasty dress.


   Tat  (?),  n.  [Hind.  t\'bet.] Gunny cloth made from the fiber of the
   Corchorus olitorius, or jute. [India]


   Tat, n. [Hind. tatt.] (Zo\'94l.) A pony. [India]


   Ta*tau"pa  (?), n. [From the native name.] (Zo\'94l.) A South American
   tinamou (Crypturus tataupa).


   Tatch  (?),  n.  [F.  tache spot. See Techy.] A spot or stain; also, a
   trick. [Obs.] Sir T. Elyot.


   Tath (?), obs. 3d pers. sing. pres. of Ta, to take.


   Tath,  n. [Prov. E.; of Scand. origin; cf. Icel. ta dung, ta the grass
   of a manured pasture, te to manure. \'fb58. Cf. Ted.]

   1. Dung, or droppings of cattle. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

   2.  The  luxuriant  grass  growing  about the droppings of cattle in a
   pasture. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]


   Tath,  v.  t.  To  manure (land) by pasturing cattle on it, or causing
   them to lie upon it. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]


   Ta*tou"   (?),  n.  [Cf.  Tatouay.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The  giant  armadillo
   (Priodontes  gigas)  of tropical South America. It becomes nearly five
   feet  long  including  the tail. It is noted for its burrowing powers,
   feeds largely upon dead animals, and sometimes invades human graves.


   Tat"ou*ay  (?),  n.  [Of  Brazilian  origin;  cf. Pg. tatu, F. tatou.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  An  armadillo (Xenurus unicinctus), native of the tropical
   parts  of  South America. It has about thirteen movable bands composed
   of  small,  nearly square, scales. The head is long; the tail is round
   and  tapered,  and  nearly  destitute of scales; the claws of the fore
   feet are very large. Called also tatouary, and broad-banded armadillo.


   Tat"ou*hou (?), n. [Cf. Tatouay.] (Zo\'94l.) The peba.


   Tatt  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  To  make  (anything) by tatting; to work at
   tatting; as, tatted edging.

   Page 1477


   Tat"ta (?), n. [Hind. , t\'bet\'c6.] A bamboo frame or trellis hung at
   a  door or window of a house, over which water is suffered to trickle,
   in order to moisten and cool the air as it enters. [India]


   Tat"ter  (?),  n.  One  who  makes  tatting.  Caulfield & S. (Doct. of


   Tat"ter (?), n. [Icel. t\'94tur, t\'94ttur, pl. t\'94trar, ; cf. Norw.
   totra,  pl.  totror,  LG.  taltern tatters. \'fb240.] A rag, or a part
   torn and hanging; -- chiefly used in the plural.

     Tear a passion to tatters, to very rags. Shak.


   Tat"ter,  v.  t.  [p.  p. Tattered (?).] To rend or tear into rags; --
   used chiefly in the past participle as an adjective.

     Where waved the tattered ensigns of Ragfair. Pope.


   Tat`ter*de*mal"ion  (?),  n.  [Tatter  +  OF. desmaillier to break the
   meshes of, to tear: cf. OF. maillon long clothes, swadding clothes, F.
   maillot.  See  Tatter, and Mail armor.] A ragged fellow; a ragamuffin.


   Tat"ting (?), n. A kind of lace made from common sewing thread, with a
   peculiar stitch. Tatting shuttle, the shuttle on which the thread used
   in tatting is wound.


   Tat"tle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Tattled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tattling
   (?).]  [Akin  to  OE.  tateren, LG. tateln, D. tateren to stammer, and
   perhaps to E. titter.]

   1.  To  prate; to talk idly; to use many words with little meaning; to

     The tattling quality of age, which is always narrative. Dryden.

   2.  To  tell  tales; to communicate secrets; to be a talebearer; as, a
   tattling girl.


   Tat"tle, n. Idle talk or chat; trifling talk; prate.

     [They] told the tattle of the day. Swift.


   Tat"tler (?), n.

   1. One who tattles; an idle talker; one who tells tales. Jer. Taylor.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  several  species  of  large, long-legged
   sandpipers belonging to the genus Totanus.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e co mmon American species are the greater tattler,
     or  telltale  (T.  melanoleucus),  the  smaller  tattler, or lesser
     yellowlegs (T. flavipes), the solitary tattler (T. solitarius), and
     the  semipalmated tattler, or willet. The first two are called also
     telltale,    telltale    spine,   telltale   tattler,   yellowlegs,
     yellowshanks, and yelper.


   Tat"tler*y (?), n. Idle talk or chat; tittle-tattle.


   Tat"tling  (?),  a.  Given  to  idle  talk;  apt  to  tell  tales.  --
   Tat"tling*ly, adv.


   Tat*too"  (?),  n. [Earlier taptoo, D. taptoe; tap a tap, faucet + toe
   to,  shut  (i.  e.,  the  taps,  or  drinking  houses,  shut  from the
   soldiers).]  (Mil.) A beat of drum, or sound of a trumpet or bugle, at
   night,  giving  notice  to  soldiers to retreat, or to repair to their
   quarters  in  garrison, or to their tents in camp. The Devil's tattoo.
   See under Devil.


   Tat*too",  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Tattooed  (?);  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Tattooing.]  [Of Polynesian origin; cf. New Zealand ta to tattoo, tatu
   puncturation  (in  Otaheite).]  To color, as the flesh, by pricking in
   coloring  matter,  so  as  to  form  marks or figures which can not be
   washed out.


   Tat*too",  n.;  pl.  Tattoos  (.  An  indelible mark or figure made by
   puncturing  the  skin and introducing some pigment into the punctures;
   --  a mode of ornamentation practiced by various barbarous races, both
   in ancient and modern times, and also by some among civilized nations,
   especially by sailors.


   Ta*tu" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Tatou.


   Ta*tu"si*id   (?),   n.   (Zo\'94l.)   Any  armadillo  of  the  family
   Tatusiid\'91,  of which the peba and mule armadillo are examples. Also
   used adjectively.


   Tau (?), n. [Gr. tay^ the letter t (English T).] (Zo\'94l.) The common
   American  toadfish;  --  so called from a marking resembling the Greek
   letter tau (t). Tau cross. See Illust. 6, of Cross.
   Taught (?), a. See Taut. Totten. 


   Taught,   imp.   &  p.  p.  of  Teach.  [AS.  imp.  t&aemac;hte,  p.p.

     NOTE: See Teach.


   Taunt  (?),  a.  [Cf. OF. tant so great, F. tant so much, L. tantus of
   such  size,  so great, so much.] (Naut.) Very high or tall; as, a ship
   with taunt masts. Totten.


   Taunt  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Taunted; p. pr. & vb. n. Taunting.]
   [Earlier,  to  tease;  probably  fr.  OF. tanter to tempt, to try, for
   tenter.  See  Tempt.]  To  reproach with severe or insulting words; to
   revile; to upbraid; to jeer at; to flout.

     When I had at my pleasure taunted her. Shak.

   Syn. -- To deride; ridicule; mock; jeer; flout; revile. See Deride.


   Taunt, n. Upbraiding language; bitter or sarcastic reproach; insulting

     With scoffs, and scorns, and contemelious taunts. Shak.

     With sacrilegious taunt and impious jest. Prior.


   Taunt"er (?), n. One who taunts.


   Taunt"ing, a. & n. from Taunt, v.

     Every kind of insolent and taunting reflection. Burke.


   Taunt"ing*ly, adv. In a taunting manner.


   Taunt"ress (?), n. A woman who taunts.


   Taur (?), n. [L. Taurus.] The constellation Taurus. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Tau`ri*cor"nous  (?),  a.  [L.  tauricornis;  taurus  a bull + cornu a
   horn.] (Zo\'94l.) Having horns like those of a bull. Sir T. Browne.


   Tau`ri*dor" (?), n. [See Toreador.] A bull Sir W. Scott.


   Tau"ri*form  (?),  a.  [L.  tauriformis; taurus a bull + -form: cf. F.
   tauriforme.] Having the form of a bull.


   Tau"rine  (?),  a.  [L.  taurinus,  fr.  taurus  a  bull. See Taurus.]
   (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the genus Taurus, or cattle.


   Tau"rine  (?),  n.  [So named because it was discovered in the bile of
   the  ox.  See  Taurus.]  (Physiol.  Chem.)  A  body occurring in small
   quantity  in  the  juices  of muscle, in the lungs, and elsewhere, but
   especially  in  the  bile,  where  it  is found as a component part of
   taurocholic  acid,  from  which it can be prepared by decomposition of
   the  acid. It crystallizes in colorless, regular six-sided prisms, and
   is  especially  characterized by containing both nitrogen and sulphur,
   being chemically amido-isethionic acid, C


   Tau`ro*cho"late  (?),  n. (Physiol. Chem.) A salt of taurocholic acid;
   as, sodium taurocholate, which occurs in human bile.


   Tau`ro*chol"ic (?), a. [Taurine + cholic.] (Physiol. Chem.) Pertaining
   to,  or  designating,  a  conjugate  acid  (called  taurocholic  acid)
   composed  of taurine and cholic acid, present abundantly in human bile
   and  in  that  of carnivora. It is exceedingly deliquescent, and hence
   appears  generally as a thick, gummy mass, easily soluble in water and
   alcohol. It has a bitter taste.

                             Taurocol, Taurocolla

   Tau"ro*col  (?),  Tau`ro*col"la  (?),  n.  [NL.  taurocolla,  fr.  Gr.
   taurocolle.] Glue made from a bull's hide.


   Tau`ro*ma"chi*an  (?),  a.  [See  Tauromachy.]  Of  or  pertaining  to
   bullfights. -- n. A bullfighter.


   Tau*rom"a*chy (?), n. [Gr. Bullfighting.


   Tau"rus (?), n. [L., akin to Gr. steer. See Steer a young ox.]

   1.  (Astron.) (a) The Bull; the second in order of the twelve signs of
   the  zodiac,  which  the sun enters about the 20th of April; -- marked
   thus  [&taurus;] in almanacs. (b) A zodiacal constellation, containing
   the  well-known  clusters  called  the Pleiades and the Hyades, in the
   latter of which is situated the remarkably bright Aldebaran.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus  of  ruminants comprising the common domestic


   Tau*ryl"ic  (?),  a.  [L.  taurus  a  bull  +  E.  phenylic.]  (Chem.)
   Pertaining  to,  or  designating,  an  acid  found  of a urine of neat
   cattle, and probably identical with cresol.


   Taut (?), a. [Dan. t\'91t; akin to E. tight. See Tight.]

   1. (Naut.) Tight; stretched; not slack; -- said esp. of a rope that is
   tightly strained.

   2. Sung; close; firm; secure.
   Taut  hand  (Naut.),  a  sailor's term for an officer who is severe in


   Tau`te*gor"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Allegory.] Expressing the same thing
   with different words; -- opposed to allegorical. [R.] Coleridge.


   Tau"to*chrone  (?),  n. [Gr. tautochrone.] (Math.) A curved line, such
   that  a heavy body, descending along it by the action of gravity, will
   always  arrive  at  the lowest point in the same time, wherever in the
   curve  it  may  begin  to  fall; as, an inverted cycloid with its base
   horizontal is a tautochrone.


   Tau*toch"ro*nous  (?),  a. (Math.) Occupying the same time; pertaining
   to, or having the properties of, a tautochrone.


   Tau*tog"  (?),  n.  [The  pl.  of  taut,  the  American  Indian  name,
   translated  by  Roger  Williams  sheep's  heads,  and  written  by him
   tauta\'a3og.]  (Zo\'94l.)  An  edible labroid fish (Haitula onitis, or
   Tautoga onitis) of the Atlantic coast of the United States. When adult
   it  is  nearly  black,  more or less irregularly barred, with greenish
   gray.  Called  also blackfish, oyster fish, salt-water chub, and moll.
   [Written also tautaug.]


   Tau`to*log"ic (?), a. Tautological.


   Tau`to*log"ic*al  (?),  a. [Cf. F. tautologique.] Involving tautology;
   having   the  same  signification;  as,  tautological  expression.  --
   Tau`to*log"ic*al*ly,  adv. Tautological echo, an echo that repeats the
   same sound or syllable many times.


   Tau*tol"o*gist (?), n. One who uses tautological words or phrases.


   Tau*tol"o*gize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Tautologized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Tautologizing (?).] To repeat the same thing in different words.


   Tau*tol"o*gous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Repeating  the same thing in different
   words; tautological. [R.] Tooke.


   Tau*tol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [L.  tautologia,  Gr.  tautologie.]  (Rhet.) A
   repetition of the same meaning in different words; needless repetition
   of an idea in different words or phrases; a representation of anything
   as the cause, condition, or consequence of itself, as in the following
   lines: --

     The  dawn  is  overcast,  the morning lowers, And heavily in clouds
     brings on the day. Addison.

   Syn.  --  Repetition.  -- Tautology, Repetition. There may be frequent
   repetitions  (as  in  legal instruments) which are warranted either by
   necessity  or  convenience;  but  tautology is always a fault, being a
   sameness of expression which adds nothing to the sense or the sound.


   Tau`to*mer"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Relating  to,  or  characterized by,


   Tau*tom"er*ism  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Chem.)  The  condition,  quality,  or
   relation  of  metameric  substances,  or their respective derivatives,
   which  are  more or less interchangeable, according as one form or the
   other  is  the  more stable. It is a special case of metamerism; thus,
   the lactam and the lactim compounds exhibit tautomerism.

                           Tautoousian, Tautoousious

   Tau`to*ou"si*an  (?),  Tau`to*ou"si*ous  (?),  a. [Gr. Having the same
   essence; being identically of the same nature. [R.] Cudworth.


   Tau`to*phon"ic*al   (?),   a.  Pertaining  to,  or  characterized  by,
   tautophony; repeating the same sound.


   Tau*toph"o*ny (?), n. [Gr. Repetition of the same sound.


   Tau`to*zon"al (?), a. [Gr. zonal.] (Crystallog.) Belonging to the same
   zone; as, tautozonal planes.


   Tav"ern  (?),  n.  [OE.  taverne,  F.  taverne, from L. taberna a hut,
   booth,  tavern. Cf. Table, Tabernacle.] A public house where travelers
   and  other  transient  guests are accomodated with rooms and meals; an
   inn;  a hotel; especially, in modern times, a public house licensed to
   sell liquor in small quantities.


   Tav"ern*er  (?),  n.  [F.  tavernier, L. tabernarius.] One who keeps a
   tavern. Chaucer. Camden.


   Tav"ern*ing,  n.  A  feasting  at  taverns. [Obs.] "The misrule of our
   tavernings." Bp. Hall.


   Tav"ern*man  (?), n.; pl. Tavernmen (. The keeper of a tavern; also, a
   tippler. [Obs.]


   Taw (?), n. Tow. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Taw,  v.  t.  [Cf.  Tew  to  tow, Tow, v. t.] To push; to tug; to tow.
   [Obs.] Drayton.


   Taw  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tawed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tawing.] [OE.
   tawen,  tewen,  AS. t\'bewian to prepare; cf. D. touwen, Goth. t\'c7wa
   order,  taujan to do, and E. tool. \'fb64. Cf. 1st Tew, Tow the coarse
   part of flax.]

   1.  To  prepare or dress, as hemp, by beating; to tew; hence, to beat;
   to scourge. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.

   2.  To  dress  and  prepare,  as the skins of sheep, lambs, goats, and
   kids,  for  gloves, and the like, by imbuing them with alum, salt, and
   other agents, for softening and bleaching them.


   Taw, n. [Cf. AS. t\'bew instrument.]

   1. A large marble to be played with; also, a game at marbles.

   2.  A  line  or  mark  from which the players begin a game of marbles.
   [Colloq. U.S.]


   Taw"dri*ly (?), adv. In a tawdry manner.


   Taw"dri*ness, n. Quality or state of being tawdry.

     A  clumsy  person  makes  his  ungracefulness  more  ungraceful  by
     tawdriness of dress. Richardson.


   Taw"dry (?), a. [Compar. Tawdrier (?); superl. Tawdriest.] [Said to be
   corrupted  from  Saint  Audrey,  or  Auldrey, meaning Saint Ethelreda,
   implying  therefore,  originally,  bought  at  the fair of St. Audrey,
   where laces and gay toys of all sorts were sold. This fair was held in
   Isle Ely, and probably at other places, on the day of the saint, which
   was the 17th of October.]

   1. Bought at the festival of St. Audrey. [Obs.]

     And  gird  in  your  waist,  For more fineness, with a tawdry lace.

   2. Very fine and showy in colors, without taste or elegance; having an
   excess of showy ornaments without grace; cheap and gaudy; as, a tawdry
   dress; tawdry feathers; tawdry colors.<-- tacky? -->

     He  rails  from  morning  to  night  at  essenced  fops  and tawdry
     courtiers. Spectator.


   Taw"dry,  n.; pl. Tawdries (. A necklace of a rural fashion, bought at
   St. Audrey's fair; hence, a necklace in general. [Obs.]

     Of  which  the  Naiads  and the blue Nereids make Them tawdries for
     their necks. Drayton.


   Taw"er (?), n. One who taws; a dresser of white leather.


   Taw"er*y (?), n. A place where skins are tawed.


   Taw"ni*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being tawny.


   Taw"ny  (?), a. [Compar. Tawnier (?); superl. Tawniest.] [F. tann\'82,
   p.p.  of  tanner  to tan. See Tan, v. t. & n. Cf. Tenn\'82.] Of a dull
   yellowish  brown  color,  like  things  tanned,  or  persons  who  are
   sunburnt;  as,  tawny  Moor  or Spaniard; the tawny lion. "A leopard's
   tawny and spotted hide." Longfellow.


   Taws (?), n. [See Taw to beat.] A leather lash, or other instrument of
   punishment,  used  by  a schoolmaster. [Written also tawes, tawis, and
   tawse.] [Scot.]

     Never use the taws when a gloom can do the turn. Ramsay.


   Tax  (?),  n. [F. taxe, fr. taxer to tax, L. taxare to touch, sharply,
   to  feel, handle, to censure, value, estimate, fr. tangere, tactum, to
   touch. See Tangent, and cf. Task, Taste.]

   1.  A  charge,  especially  a  pecuniary  burden  which  is imposed by
   authority.  Specifically:  -- (a) A charge or burden laid upon persons
   or property for the support of a government.

     A  farmer  of  taxes  is,  of  all creditors, proverbially the most
     rapacious. Macaulay.

   (b)  Especially,  the  sum  laid  upon specific things, as upon polls,
   lands,  houses,  income,  etc.; as, a land tax; a window tax; a tax on
   carriages, and the like.

     NOTE: Taxes are annual or perpetual, direct or indirect, etc.

   (c)  A  sum  imposed or levied upon the members of a society to defray
   its expenses.

   2.  A  task  exacted  from one who is under control; a contribution or
   service, the rendering of which is imposed upon a subject.

   3.  A  disagreeable  or  burdensome duty or charge; as, a heavy tax on
   time or health.

   4. Charge; censure. [Obs.] Clarendon.

   5. A lesson to be learned; a task. [Obs.] Johnson.
   Tax  cart,  a spring cart subject to a low tax. [Eng.] Syn. -- Impost;
   tribute; contribution; duty; toll; rate; assessment; exaction; custom;

   Page 1478


   Tax  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Taxed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Taxing.] [Cf.
   F. taxer. See Tax, n.]

   1.  To subject to the payment of a tax or taxes; to impose a tax upon;
   to  lay a burden upon; especially, to exact money from for the support
   of government.

     We are more heavily taxed by our idleness, pride, and folly than we
     are taxed by government. Franklin.

   2.  (Law)  To assess, fix, or determine judicially, the amount of; as,
   to tax the cost of an action in court.

   3.  To charge; to accuse; also, to censure; -- often followed by with,
   rarely by of before an indirect object; as, to tax a man with pride.

     I tax you, you elements, with unkindness. Shak.

     Men's  virtues  I  have  commended  as freely as I have taxed their
     crimes. Dryden.

     Fear not now that men should tax thine honor. M. Arnold.


   Tax`a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  taxable;


   Tax"a*ble (?), a.

   1.  Capable  of being taxed; liable by law to the assessment of taxes;
   as, taxable estate; taxable commodities.

   2.  (Law) That may be legally charged by a court against the plaintiff
   of  defendant  in  a suit; as, taxable costs. -- Tax"a*ble*ness, n. --
   Tax"a*bly, adv.


   Tax`as*pid"e*an  (?),  a.  [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Having the posterior tarsal
   scales, or scutella, rectangular and arranged in regular rows; -- said
   of certain birds.


   Tax*a"tion  (?),  n.  [F.  taxation, L. taxatio a valuing, estimation,
   from L. taxare. See Tax.]

   1.  The  act of laying a tax, or of imposing taxes, as on the subjects
   of  a  state,  by  government,  or  on the members of a corporation or
   company,  by  the  proper  authority;  the raising of revenue; also, a
   system of raising revenue.

   2. (Law) The act of taxing, or assessing a bill of cost.

   3. Tax; sum imposed. [R.] Daniel.

   4. Charge; accusation. [Obs.] Shak.


   Tax"el (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The American badger.


   Tax`e*op"o*da  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. -poda.] (Paleon.) An order of
   extinct Mammalia found in the Tertiary formations.


   Tax"er (?), n.

   1. One who taxes.

   2.  One of two officers chosen yearly to regulate the assize of bread,
   and  to see the true gauge of weights and measures is observed. [Camb.
   Univ., Eng.] [Written also taxor.]


   Tax"gath`er*er  (?),  n.  One  who  collects  taxes  or  revenues.  --
   Tax"gath`er*ing, n.


   Tax"i*arch  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Gr.  Antiq.) An Athenian military officer
   commanding a certain division of an army. Milford.


   Tax"i*corn  (?), n. [L. taxus a yew + cornu a horn: cf. F. taxicorne.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  a family of beetles (Taxicornes) whose antenn\'91
   are largest at the tip. Also used adjectively.


   Tax`i*der"mic  (?),  a. [Cf. F. taxidermique.] Of or pertaining to the
   art of preparing and preserving the skins of animals.


   Tax"i*der`mist (?), n. A person skilled in taxidermy.


   Tax"i*der`my  (?),  n.  [Gr. taxidermie. See Tactics, Tear, v. t.] The
   art  of preparing, preserving, and mounting the skins of animals so as
   to represent their natural appearance, as for cabinets.


   Tax"ine  (?),  n.  [L.  taxus  a yew.] (Chem.) A poisonous alkaloid of
   bitter  taste  extracted from the leaves and seeds of the European yew
   (Taxus  baccata). Called also taxia.<-- a mixture of compounds. Taxine
   A has form. C35H47NO10


   Tax"is (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Surg.) Manipulation applied to a hernial
   tumor,  or  to  an intestinal obstruction, for the purpose of reducing
   it. Dunglison.


   Tax"less, a. Free from taxation.


   Tax*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. -logy.] (Biol.) Same as Taxonomy.


   Tax`o*nom"ic  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to, or involving, taxonomy, or the
   laws and principles of classification; classificatory.


   Tax*on"o*mist (?), n. One skilled in taxonomy.


   Tax*on"o*my  (?),  n. [Gr. That division of the natural sciences which
   treats  of  the  classification  of  animals  and  plants; the laws or
   principles of classification.


   Tax"or (?), n. [NL.] Same as Taxer, n., 2.


   Tax"pay`er (?), n. One who is assessed and pays a tax.


   Tay"ra  (?),  n.  [From  the native name.] (Zo\'94l.) A South American
   carnivore  (Galera barbara) allied to the grison. The tail is long and
   thick.  The  length, including the tail, is about three feet. [Written
   also taira.]


   Ta"zel (?), n. (Bot.) The teasel. [Obs.]


   Taz"za  (?),  n.  [It.]  An ornamental cup or vase with a large, flat,
   shallow bowl, resting on a pedestal and often having handles.


   Tcha*wy"tcha (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The quinnat salmon. [Local, U.S.]

                                    T cart

   T" cart` (?). See under T.


   Tea (?), n. [Chin. tsh\'be, Prov. Chin. te: cf. F. th\'82.]

   1.  The  prepared leaves of a shrub, or small tree (Thea, OR Camellia,
   Chinensis). The shrub is a native of China, but has been introduced to
   some extent into some other countries.

     NOTE: &hand; Teas are classed as green or black, according to their
     color  or appearance, the kinds being distinguished also by various
     other  characteristic differences, as of taste, odor, and the like.
     The  color,  flavor,  and  quality are dependent upon the treatment
     which the leaves receive after being gathered. The leaves for green
     tea  are  heated,  or roasted slightly, in shallow pans over a wood
     fire, almost immediately after being gathered, after which they are
     rolled  with the hands upon a table, to free them from a portion of
     their  moisture,  and  to  twist  them, and are then quickly dried.
     Those  intended  for  black  tea are spread out in the air for some
     time  after  being  gathered,  and then tossed about with the hands
     until they become soft and flaccid, when they are roasted for a few
     minutes,  and rolled, and having then been exposed to the air for a
     few  hours in a soft and moist state, are finally dried slowly over
     a charcoal fire. The operation of roasting and rolling is sometimes
     repeated  several times, until the leaves have become of the proper
     color.  The  principal  sorts of green tea are Twankay, the poorest
     kind;  Hyson  skin,  the  refuse  of  Hyson;  Hyson,  Imperial, and
     Gunpowder, fine varieties; and Young Hyson, a choice kind made from
     young  leaves  gathered early in the spring. Those of black tea are
     Bohea,  the  poorest  kind;  Congou;  Oolong;  Souchong, one of the
     finest  varieties;  and  Pekoe,  a fine-flavored kind, made chiefly
     from  young  spring  buds.  See Bohea, Congou, Gunpowder tea, under
     Gunpowder, Hyson, Oolong, and Souchong.

   K. Johnson. Tomlinson.

     NOTE: &hand; "N o kn owledge of . . . [tea] appears to have reached
     Europe till after the establishment of intercourse between Portugal
     and  China in 1517. The Portuguese, however, did little towards the
     introduction of the herb into Europe, and it was not till the Dutch
     established  themselves at Bantam early in 17th century, that these
     adventurers learned from the Chinese the habit of tea drinking, and
     brought it to Europe."

   Encyc. Brit.

   2.  A decoction or infusion of tea leaves in boiling water; as, tea is
   a common beverage.

   3. Any infusion or decoction, especially when made of the dried leaves
   of plants; as, sage tea; chamomile tea; catnip tea.

   4. The evening meal, at which tea is usually served; supper.
   Arabian  tea,  the  leaves  of  Catha  edulis;  also (Bot.), the plant
   itself.  See  Kat.  --  Assam  tea,  tea  grown  in  Assam,  in India,
   originally   brought   there  from  China  about  the  year  1850.  --
   Australian,  OR Botany Bay, tea (Bot.), a woody clambing plant (Smilax
   glycyphylla).  --  Brazilian  tea.  (a)  The  dried  leaves of Lantana
   pseodothea,  used  in  Brazil  as  a substitute for tea. (b) The dried
   leaves  of  Stachytarpheta  mutabilis,  used for adulterating tea, and
   also,  in  Austria,  for preparing a beverage. -- Labrador tea. (Bot.)
   See  under  Labrador. -- New Jersey tea (Bot.), an American shrub, the
   leaves  of  which were formerly used as a substitute for tea; redroot.
   See  Redroot.  --  New  Zealand  tea. (Bot.) See under New Zealand. --
   Oswego  tea.  (Bot.)  See  Oswego  tea. -- Paraguay tea, mate. See 1st
   Mate.  -- Tea board, a board or tray for holding a tea set. -- Tea bug
   (Zo\'94l.),  an  hemipterous  insect  which  injures  the tea plant by
   sucking  the juice of the tender leaves. -- Tea caddy, a small box for
   holding  tea. -- Tea chest, a small, square wooden case, usually lined
   with  sheet  lead  or tin, in which tea is imported from China. -- Tea
   clam  (Zo\'94l.),  a  small  quahaug.  [Local,  U.S.] -- Tea garden, a
   public  garden  where  tea  and  other refreshments are served. -- Tea
   plant  (Bot.),  any  plant,  the  leaves of which are used in making a
   beverage by infusion; specifically, Thea Chinensis, from which the tea
   of  commerce  is obtained. -- Tea rose (Bot.), a delicate and graceful
   variety  of  the  rose  (Rosa  Indica,  var. odorata), introduced from
   China, and so named from its scent. Many varieties are now cultivated.
   --  Tea  service,  the  appurtenances  or  utensils required for a tea
   table,  --  when  of  silver, usually comprising only the teapot, milk
   pitcher,  and  sugar  dish. -- Tea set, a tea service. -- Tea table, a
   table  on which tea furniture is set, or at which tea is drunk. -- Tea
   taster,  one who tests or ascertains the quality of tea by tasting. --
   Tea  tree  (Bot.), the tea plant of China. See Tea plant, above.<-- In
   Australia  and  New  Zealand, tea tree refers to a tree or tall shrib,
   Leptospermum  scoparium,  having white bell-shaped flowers. The leaves
   are  used  to  prepare  an  infusion;  an  oil,  tea tree oil, is also
   derived,  and  claimed  to have therapeutic properties, as for healing
   burns  of  the skin. --> -- Tea urn, a vessel generally in the form of
   an  urn  or  vase,  for supplying hot water for steeping, or infusing,


   Tea, v. i. To take or drink tea. [Colloq.]


   Tea"ber`ry (?), n. (Bot.) The checkerberry.


   Teach  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Taught (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Teaching.]
   [OE.  techen, imp. taughte, tahte, AS. t, imp. t, to show, teach, akin
   to t\'becn token. See Token.]

   1.  To  impart  the  knowledge of; to give intelligence concerning; to
   impart,  as  knowledge  before  unknown,  or  rules  for  practice; to
   inculcate  as true or important; to exhibit impressively; as, to teach
   arithmetic, dancing, music, or the like; to teach morals.

     If  some  men  teach  wicked  things, it must be that others should
     practice them. South.

   2.  To  direct,  as an instructor; to manage, as a preceptor; to guide
   the studies of; to instruct; to inform; to conduct through a course of
   studies;  as,  to teach a child or a class. "He taught his disciples."
   Mark ix. 31.

     The village master taught his little school. Goldsmith.

   3. To accustom; to guide; to show; to admonish.

     I shall myself to herbs teach you. Chaucer.

     They have taught their tongue to speak lies. Jer. ix. 5.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is ve rb is often used with two objects, one of the
     person,  the other of the thing; as, he taught me Latin grammar. In
     the  passive  construction, either of these objects may be retained
     in  the  objective case, while the other becomes the subject; as, I
     was  taught  Latin  grammar  by him; Latin grammar was taught me by

   Syn.   --  To  instruct;  inform;  inculcate;  tell;  guide;  counsel;
   admonish. See the Note under Learn.


   Teach  (?),  v.  i. To give instruction; to follow the business, or to
   perform the duties, of a preceptor.

     And gladly would he learn, and gladly teach. Chaucer.

     The priests thereof teach for hire. Micah iii. 11.


   Teach"a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of  being  taught; apt to learn; also,
   willing to receive instruction; docile.

     We ought to bring our minds free, unbiased, and teachable, to learn
     our religion from the Word of God. I. Watts.


   Teach"a*ble*ness, n. Willingness to be taught.


   Teache  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Ir. teaghaim, Gael. teasaich, to heat.] (Sugar
   Works) One of the series of boilers in which the cane juice is treated
   in making sugar; especially, the last boiler of the series. Ure.


   Teach"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who teaches or instructs; one whose business or occupation is
   to instruct others; an instructor; a tutor.

   2. One who instructs others in religion; a preacher; a minister of the
   gospel; sometimes, one who preaches without regular ordination.

     The teachers in all the churches assembled. Sir W. Raleigh.


   Teach"ing,  n. The act or business of instructing; also, that which is
   taught;  instruction.  Syn.  --  Education; instruction; breeding. See


   Teach"less, a. Not teachable. [R.] Shelley.


   Tea"cup` (?), n. A small cup from which to drink tea.


   Tea"cup`ful  (?),  n.; pl. Teacupfuls (. As much as a teacup can hold;
   enough to fill a teacup.

                                  Tead, Teade

   Tead,  Teade  (?),  n.  [L.  taeda,  teda.] A torch. [Obs.] "A burning
   teade." Spenser.


   Tea"gle  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Tackle.] A hoisting apparatus; an elevator; a
   crane; a lift. [Prov. Eng.]


   Teague  (?),  n.  [Cf.  W.  taeog,  taeawg,  adj., rustic, rude, n., a
   vassal, villain, pleasant, clown, Ir. th rural, boorish.] An Irishman;
   -- a term used in contempt. Johnson.


   Teak  (?),  n. [Malayalm tekku.] (Bot.) A tree of East Indies (Tectona
   grandis) which furnishes an extremely strong and durable timber highly
   valued  for  shipbuilding  and other purposes; also, the timber of the
   tree.  [Written also teek.] African teak, a tree (Oldfieldia Africana)
   of Sierra Leone; also, its very heavy and durable wood; -- called also
   African  oak.  --  New Zeland teak, a large tree (Vitex littoralis) of
   New Zeland; also, its hard, durable timber.


   Tea"ket`tle  (?), n. A kettle in which water is boiled for making tea,
   coffee, etc.


   Teal  (?),  n.  [OE. tele; akin to D. teling a generation, production,
   teal,  telen  to breed, produce, and E. till to cultivate. The English
   word  probably  once  meant, a brood or flock. See Till to cultivate.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of several species of small fresh-water ducks of
   the  genus Anas and the subgenera Querquedula and Nettion. The male is
   handsomely  colored,  and  has  a bright green or blue speculum on the

     NOTE: &hand; Th e co mmon Eu ropean te al (A nas cr ecca) an d th e
     European  blue-winged  teal,  or  garganey  (A.  querquedula  or A.
     circia),  are  well-known  species. In America the blue-winged teal
     (A.  discors),  the  green-winged  teal  (A. Carolinensis), and the
     cinnamon  teal  (A.  cynaoptera) are common species, valued as game
     birds. See Garganey.

   Goose  teal,  a  goslet. See Goslet. -- Teal duck, the common European


   Team  (?), n. [OE. tem, team, AS. te\'a0m, offspring, progeny, race of
   descendants, family; akin to D. toom a bridle, LG. toom progeny, team,
   bridle,  G.  zaum  a  bridle,  zeugen  to  beget, Icel. taumr to rein,
   bridle,  Dan. t\'94mme, Sw. t\'94m, and also to E. tow to drag, tug to
   draw. \'fb64. See Tug, and cf. Teem to bear.]

   1.  A  group  of  young animals, especially of young ducks; a brood; a

     A team of ducklings about her. Holland.

   2. Hence, a number of animals moving together.

     A long team of snowy swans on high. Dryden.

   3.  Two  or  more  horses, oxen, or other beasts harnessed to the same
   vehicle  for drawing, as to a coach, wagon, sled, or the like. "A team
   of dolphins." Spenser.

     To take his team and till the earth. Piers Plowman.

     It  happened almost every day that coaches stuck fast, until a team
     of  cattle could be procured from some neighboring farm to tug them
     out of the slough. Macaulay.

   4.  A  number  of  persons  associated  together  in any work; a gang;
   especially,  a  number of persons selected to contend on one side in a
   match, or a series of matches, in a cricket, football, rowing, etc.

   5. (Zo\'94l.) A flock of wild ducks.

   6.  (O. Eng. Law) A royalty or privilege granted by royal charter to a
   lord  of  a  manor,  of having, keeping, and judging in his court, his
   bondmen,  neifes, and villains, and their offspring, or suit, that is,
   goods and chattels, and appurtenances thereto. Burrill.

   Page 1479


   Team  (?),  v.  i.  To  engage  in the occupation of driving a team of
   horses, cattle, or the like, as in conveying or hauling lumber, goods,
   etc.; to be a teamster. <-- team up, to form one or more teams, either
   for a common endeavor, or to compete in a contest. -->


   Team,  v.  t.  To convey or haul with a team; as, to team lumber. [R.]


   Teamed (?), a. Yoked in, or as in, a team. [Obs.]

     Let their teamed fishes softly swim. Spenser.


   Team"ing (?), n.

   1. The act or occupation of driving a team, or of hauling or carrying,
   as logs, goods, or the like, with a team.

   2. (Manuf.) Contract work. [R.] Knight.


   Team"ster (?), n. One who drives a team.


   Team"work`  (?),  n.  Work  done by a team, as distinguished from that
   done by personal labor.


   Tea"pot` (?), n. A vessel with a spout, in which tea is made, and from
   which it is poured into teacups.


   Tea"poy  (?), n. [Hind. tip\'bei; Hind. tin there + Per. p\'bee foot.]
   An  ornamental  stand,  usually  with  three  legs, having caddies for
   holding tea.


   Tear  (?), n. [AS. te\'a0r; akin to G. z\'84rhe, OHG. zahar, OFries. &
   Icel.  t\'ber,  Sw.  t\'86r,  Dan.  taare, Goth. tagr, OIr. d\'c7r, W.
   dagr,   OW.   dacr,  L.  lacrima,  lacruma,  for  older  dacruma,  Gr.

   1. (Physiol.) A drop of the limpid, saline fluid secreted, normally in
   small amount, by the lachrymal gland, and diffused between the eye and
   the  eyelids  to  moisten  the  parts  and  facilitate  their  motion.
   Ordinarily  the  secretion  passes through the lachrymal duct into the
   nose,  but  when  it  is  increased  by  emotion  or  other causes, it
   overflows the lids.

     And yet for thee ne wept she never a tear. Chaucer.

   2.  Something in the form of a transparent drop of fluid matter; also,
   a solid, transparent, tear-shaped drop, as of some balsams or resins.

     Let  Araby  extol  her happy coast, Her fragrant flowers, her trees
     with precious tears. Dryden.

   3.  That  which  causes  or accompanies tears; a lament; a dirge. [R.]
   "Some melodous tear." Milton.

     NOTE: &hand; Te  ar is   so  metimes us  ed in  th e fo rmation of 
     self-explaining    compounds;   as,   tear-distilling,   tear-drop,
     tear-filled, tear-stained, and the like.


   Tear (?), v. t. [imp. Tore (?), ((Obs. Tare) (; p. p. Torn (?); p. pr.
   &  vb.  n.  Tearing.]  [OE. teren, AS. teran; akin to OS. farterian to
   destroy,  D.  teren  to consume, G. zerren to pull, to tear, zehren to
   consume,  Icel.  t\'91ra, Goth. gata\'a1ran to destroy, Lith. dirti to
   flay,  Russ.  drate  to  pull,  to tear, Gr. dar to burst. \'fb63. Cf.
   Darn, Epidermis, Tarre, Tirade.]

   1.  To  separate  by  violence;  to  pull  apart by force; to rend; to
   lacerate;  as,  to  tear cloth; to tear a garment; to tear the skin or

     Tear him to pieces; he's a conspirator. Shak.

   2.  Hence,  to  divide by violent measures; to disrupt; to rend; as, a
   party or government torn by factions.

   3.  To  rend away; to force away; to remove by force; to sunder; as, a
   child torn from its home.

     The hand of fate Hath torn thee from me. Addison.

   4. To pull with violence; as, to tear the hair.

   5.  To  move  violently; to agitate. "Once I loved torn ocean's roar."
   To  tear  a  cat, to rant violently; to rave; -- especially applied to
   theatrical  ranting.  [Obs.]  Shak.  --  To  tear  down,  to  demolish
   violently;  to  pull  or  pluck  down.  -- To tear off, to pull off by
   violence;  to  strip. -- To tear out, to pull or draw out by violence;
   as,  to  tear out the eyes. -- To tear up, to rip up; to remove from a
   fixed  state  by  violence;  as,  to  tear  up a floor; to tear up the
   foundation  of  government  or  order.<-- tear sheet, (a) a sheet usu.
   with  performations,  intended to be torn from a book or booklet to be
   used for some purpose. (b) any sheet torn from a publication. -->


   Tear (?), v. i.

   1.  To  divide or separate on being pulled; to be rent; as, this cloth
   tears easily.

   2.  To  move  and  act with turbulent violence; to rush with violence;
   hence, to rage; to rave.


   Tear (?), n. The act of tearing, or the state of being torn; a rent; a
   fissure. Macaulay. Wear and tear. See under Wear, n.


   Tear"er  (?),  n. One who tears or rends anything; also, one who rages
   or raves with violence.


   Tear"-fall`ing  (?), a. Shedding tears; tender. [Poetic] "Tear-falling
   pity." Shak.


   Tear"ful  (?),  a.  Abounding with tears; weeping; shedding tears; as,
   tearful eyes. -- Tear"ful*ly, adv. -- Tear"ful*ness, n.


   Tear"less,  a.  Shedding  no  tears;  free  from  tears; unfeeling. --
   Tear"less*ly, adv. -- Tear"less*ness, n.


   Tear"pit`  (?),  n. (Anat.) A cavity or pouch beneath the lower eyelid
   of most deer and antelope; the lachrymal sinus; larmier. It is capable
   of being opened at pleasure and secretes a waxy substance.


   Tear"-thumb`  (?), n. (Bot.) A name given to several species of plants
   of  the  genus  Polygonum,  having  angular  stems  beset  with minute
   reflexed prickles.


   Tear"y (?), a.

   1. Wet with tears; tearful.

   2. Consisting of tears, or drops like tears.


   Tea"-sau`cer (?), n. A small saucer in which a teacup is set.


   Tease  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Teased (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Teasing.]
   [AS. t to pluck, tease; akin to OD. teesen, MHG. zeisen, Dan. t\'91se,
   t\'91sse. \'fb58. Cf. Touse.]

   1.  To  comb  or  card,  as  wool  or  flax.  "Teasing  matted  wool."

   2. To stratch, as cloth, for the purpose of raising a nap; teasel.

   3.  (Anat.) To tear or separate into minute shreds, as with needles or
   similar instruments.

   4. To vex with importunity or impertinence; to harass, annoy, disturb,
   or  irritate  by  petty requests, or by jests and raillery; to plague.

     He  .  . . suffered them to tease him into acts directly opposed to
     his strongest inclinations. Macaulay.

   Syn.  --  To  vex;  harass: annoy; disturb; irritate; plague; torment;
   mortify;  tantalize;  chagrin. -- Tease, Vex. To tease is literally to
   pull  or  scratch,  and  implies  a  prolonged annoyance in respect to
   little  things,  which  is  often more irritating, and harder to bear,
   than  severe  pain. Vex meant originally to seize and bear away hither
   and  thither, and hence, to disturb; as, to vex the ocean with storms.
   This  sense of the term now rarely occurs; but vex is still a stronger
   word  than  tease,  denoting the disturbance or anger created by minor
   provocations,  losses,  disappointments,  etc.  We  are  teased by the
   buzzing  of  a  fly  in  our eyes; we are vexed by the carelessness or
   stupidity of our servants.

     Not  by  the  force  of  carnal  reason, But indefatigable teasing.

     In disappointments, where the affections have been strongly placed,
     and  the  expectations  sanguine,  particularly where the agency of
     others  is  concerned,  sorrow  may  degenerate  into  vexation and
     chagrin. Cogan.

   Tease  tenon  (Joinery),  a long tenon at the top of a post to receive
   two beams crossing each other one above the other.


   Tease (?), n. One who teases or plagues. [Colloq.]


   Tea"sel  (?),  n. [OE. tesel, AS. t, t, the fuller's herb. See Tease.]
   [Written also tassel, tazel, teasle, teazel, and teazle.]

   1.  (Bot.)  A  plant  of  the genus Dipsacus, of which one species (D.
   fullonum)  bears  a  large  flower  head  covered with stiff, prickly,
   hooked bracts. This flower head, when dried, is used for raising a nap
   on woolen cloth.

     NOTE: &hand; Sm all te asel is  Dipsacus pilosus, wild teasel is D.

   2. A bur of this plant.

   3.  Any  contrivance  intended as a substitute for teasels in dressing
   Teasel  frame,  a  frame or set of iron bars in which teasel heads are
   fixed for raising the nap on woolen cloth.


   Tea"sel,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Teaseled (?) or Teaselled; p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Teaseling  or  Teaselling.]  To  subject,  as woolen cloth, to the
   action  of  teasels, or any substitute for them which has an effect to
   raise a nap.


   Tea"sel*er  (?),  n.  One who uses teasels for raising a nap on cloth.
   [Written also teaseller, teasler.]


   Tea"sel*ing,  n.  The  cutting  and  gathering  of teasels; the use of
   teasels. [Written also teaselling, teazling.]


   Teas"er (?), n.

   1. One who teases or vexes.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A jager gull. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tea"sle (?), n. & v. t. See Teasel.


   Tea"spoon`  (?),  n.  A  small spoon used in stirring and sipping tea,
   coffee, etc., and for other purposes.


   Tea"spoon`ful  (?),  n.;  pl. Teaspoonfuls (. As much as teaspoon will
   hold;  enough  to fill a teaspoon; -- usually reckoned at a fluid dram
   or one quarter of a tablespoonful.


   Teat (?), n. [OE. tete, titte, AS. tit, titt; akin to LG. & OD. titte,
   D. tet, G. zitze: cf. F. tette, probably of Teutonic origin.]

   1.  The  protuberance  through  which  milk is drawn from the udder or
   breast of a mammal; a nipple; a pap; a mammilla; a dug; a tit.

   2.  (Mach.)  A  small protuberance or nozzle resembling the teat of an


   Teat"ed, a. Having protuberances resembling the teat of an animal.


   Teathe (?), n. & v. See Tath. [Prov. Eng.]


   Teat"ish  (?),  a.  Peevish; tettish; fretful; -- said of a child. See
   Tettish. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Teaze"-hole`  (?),  n.  [Corrupted  fr.  F.  tisard fire door.] (Glass
   Works) The opening in the furnaces through which fuel is introduced.


   Tea"zel (?), n. & v. t. See Teasel.


   Tea"zer (?), n. [Corrupted fr. F. tiser to feed a fire.] The stoker or
   fireman of a furnace, as in glass works. Tomlinson.


   Tea"zle (?), n. & v. t. See Teasel.


   Te"beth  (?),  n.  [Heb.] The tenth month of the Jewish ecclesiastical
   year,  answering  to a part of December with a part of January. Esther
   ii. 16.


   Tech"i*ly (?), adv. In a techy manner.


   Tech"i*ness, n. The quality or state of being techy.


   Tech"nic (?), a. Technical.


   Tech"nic, n. [See Technical, a.]

   1.  The  method  of  performance in any art; technical skill; artistic
   execution; technique.

     They  illustrate the method of nature, not the technic of a manlike
     Artificer. Tyndall.

   2.  pl.  Technical terms or objects; things pertaining to the practice
   of an art or science.


   Tech"nic*al  (?), a. [Gr. text: cf. F. technique.] Of or pertaining to
   the useful or mechanic arts, or to any science, business, or the like;
   specially  appropriate to any art, science, or business; as, the words
   of an indictment must be technical. Blackstone.


   Tech`ni*cal"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Technicalities (.

   1. The quality or state of being technical; technicalness.

   2.  That  which  is  technical,  or peculiar to any trade, profession,
   sect, or the like.

     The technicalities of the sect. Palfrey.


   Tech"nic*al*ly  (?),  adv.  In  a  technical  manner; according to the
   signification of terms as used in any art, business, or profession.


   Tech"nic*al*ness,   n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  technical;


   Tech"nic*als  (?),  n. pl. Those things which pertain to the practical
   part of an art, science, or profession; technical terms; technics.


   Tech"ni*cist  (?), n. One skilled to technics or in one or more of the
   practical arts.


   Tech`ni*co*log"ic*al  (?),  a.  Technological;  technical. [R.] Dr. J.


   Tech`ni*col"o*gy (?), n. Technology. [R.]


   Tech"nics  (?),  n.  The doctrine of arts in general; such branches of
   learning as respect the arts.


   Tech`nique" (?), n. [F.] Same as Technic, n.


   Tech"nism (?), n. Technicality.


   Tech`no*log"ic (?), a. Technological.


   Tech`no*log"ic*al  (?), a. [Cf. F. technologique.] Of or pertaining to


   Tech*nol"o*gist  (?),  n. One skilled in technology; one who treats of
   arts, or of the terms of arts.


   Tech*nol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -logy; cf. Gr. technologie.] Industrial
   science;  the  science of systematic knowledge of the industrial arts,
   especially  of  the more important manufactures, as spinning, weaving,
   metallurgy, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; Technology is not an independent science, having a set
     of  doctrines  of  its  own,  but  consists  of applications of the
     principles established in the various physical sciences (chemistry,
     mechanics, mineralogy, etc.) to manufacturing processes.

   Internat. Cyc.


   Tech"y  (?), a. [From OE. tecche, tache, a habit, bad habit, vice, OF.
   tache,  teche,  a  spot, stain, blemish, habit, vice, F. tache a spot,
   blemish; probably akin to E. tack a small nail. See Tack a small nail,
   and cf. Touchy.] Peevish; fretful; irritable.


   Tec`ti*branch (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Tectibranchiata. Also used


   Tec`ti*bran"chi*a (?), n. pl. [NL.] Same as Tectibranchiata.


   Tec`ti*bran`chi*a"ta  (?),  n. pl. [NL., fr. L. tectus (p.p. of tegere
   to  cover)  +  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  order,  or  suborder, of gastropod
   Mollusca  in  which  the gills are usually situated on one side of the
   back, and protected by a fold of the mantle. When there is a shell, it
   is  usually  thin and delicate and often rudimentary. The aplysias and
   the bubble shells are examples.


   Tec`ti*bran"chi*ate  (?), a. [L. tectus (p.p. of tegere to cover) + E.
   branchiate.]  (Zo\'94l.) Having the gills covered by the mantle; of or
   pertaining to the Tectibranchiata. -- n. A tectibranchiate mollusk.


   Tect"ly  (?), adv. [L. tectus covered, fr. tegere to cover.] Covertly;
   privately; secretly. [Obs.] Holinshed.


   Tec*tol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -logy.] (Biol.) A division of morphology
   created  by Haeckel; the science of organic individuality constituting
   the  purely structural portion of morphology, in which the organism is
   regarded  as composed of organic individuals of different orders, each
   organ being considered an individual. See Promorphology, and Morphon.


   Tec*ton"ic (?), a. [L. tectonicus, Gr. Of or pertaining to building or
   construction; architectural.


   Tec*ton"ics  (?),  n.  The  science,  or the art, by which implements,
   vessels, dwellings, or other edifices, are constructed, both agreeably
   to  the  end  for  which  they  are  designed,  and in conformity with
   artistic sentiments and ideas.


   Tec*to"ri*al  (?),  a.  [L.  tectorius.]  (Anat.)  Of or pertaining to
   covering; -- applied to a membrane immediately over the organ of Corti
   in the internal ear.


   Tec"tri*ces  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  L.  tegere, tectum, to cover.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  The  wing  coverts  of  a bird. See Covert, and Illust. of


   Te"cum (?), n. (Bot.) See Tucum.


   Ted  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Tedded (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tedding.]
   [Prob.  fr.  Icel.  te  to  spread manure, fr. ta manure; akin to MHG.
   zetten  to  scatter,  spread.  \'fb58. Cf. Teathe.] To spread, or turn
   from the swath, and scatter for drying, as new-mowed grass; -- chiefly
   used in the past participle.

     The smell of grain or tedded grass. Milton.

     The tedded hay and corn sheaved in one field. Coleridge.


   Ted"der  (?), n. A machine for stirring and spreading hay, to expedite
   its drying.


   Ted"der, n. [OE. \'fb64. See Tether.] Same as Tether.


   Ted"der, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Teddered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Teddering.]
   Same as Tether.

                                    Te Deum

   Te` De"um (?). [L., from te (accus. of tu thou) + Deum, accus. of Deus
   God. See Thou, and Deity.]

   1.  An ancient and celebrated Christian hymn, of uncertain authorship,
   but  often  ascribed to St. Ambrose; -- so called from the first words
   "Te  Deum  laudamus."  It  forms part of the daily matins of the Roman
   Catholic  breviary,  and  is sung on all occasions of thanksgiving. In
   its  English  form, commencing with words, "We praise thee, O God," it
   forms  a  part of the regular morning service of the Church of England
   and the Protestant Episcopal Church in America.

   2.  A  religious  service  in  which  the  singing of the hymn forms a
   principal part.


   Tedge  (?), n. (Founding) The gate of a mold, through which the melted
   metal is poured; runner, geat.


   Te`di*os"i*ty (?), n. Tediousness. [Obs.]


   Te"di*ous  (?),  a. [L. taediosus, fr. taedium. See Tedium.] Involving
   tedium;  tiresome  from continuance, prolixity, slowness, or the like;
   wearisome. -- Te"di*ous*ly, adv. -- Te"di*ous*ness, n.

     I see a man's life is a tedious one. Shak.

     I would not be tedious to the court. Bunyan.

   Syn. -- Wearisome; fatiguing. See Irksome.

   Page 1480


   Te"di*um (?), n. [L. taedium, fr. taedet it disgusts, it wearies one.]
   Irksomeness;  wearisomeness;  tediousness.  [Written  also t\'91dium.]

     To relieve the tedium, he kept plying them with all manner of bams.
     Prof. Wilson.

     The  tedium of his office reminded him more strongly of the willing
     scholar, and his thoughts were rambling. Dickens.


   Tee (?), n. [Cf. Icel. tj\'be to show, mark.] (a) The mark aimed at in
   curling  and in quoits. (b) The nodule of earth <-- or short peg stuck
   into the ground --> from which the ball is struck in golf.


   Tee, n. A short piece of pipe having a lateral outlet, used to connect
   a  line  of  pipe  with  a  pipe at a right angle with the line; -- so
   called because it resembles the letter T in shape.

                                   Tee iron

   Tee" i`ron (?). See T iron, under T.


   Teek (?), n. (Bot.) See Teak. [Obs.]


   Teel (?), n. Sesame. [Sometimes written til.] Teel oil, sesame oil.


   Teel"seed` (?), n. The seed of sesame.


   Teem  (?),  v. t. [Icel. t\'91ma to empty, from t\'d3mr empty; akin to
   Dan. t\'94mme to empty, Sw. t\'94mma. See Toom to empty.]

   1. To pour; -- commonly followed by out; as, to teem out ale. [Obs. or
   Prov. Eng.] Swift.

   2. (Steel Manuf.) To pour, as steel, from a melting pot; to fill, as a
   mold, with molten metal.


   Teem, v. t. [See Tame, a., and cf. Beteem.] To think fit. [Obs. or R.]
   G. Gifford.


   Teem,  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Teemed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Teeming.] [OE.
   temen, AS. t\'c7man, t, from te\'a0m. See Team.]

   1.  To  bring forth young, as an animal; to produce fruit, as a plant;
   to bear; to be pregnant; to conceive; to multiply.

     If she must teem, Create her child of spleen. Shak.

   2.  To be full, or ready to bring forth; to be stocked to overflowing;
   to be prolific; to abound.

     His  mind  teeming  with  schemes  of future deceit to cover former
     villainy. Sir W. Scott.

     The young, brimful of the hopes and feeling which teem in our time.
     F. Harrison.


   Teem, v. t. To produce; to bring forth. [R.]

     That  [grief]  of  an hour's age doth hiss the speaker; Each minute
     teems a new one. Shak.


   Teem"er (?), n. One who teems, or brings forth.


   Teem"ful (?), a.

   1. Pregnant; prolific. [Obs.]

   2. Brimful. [Obs.] Ainsworth.


   Teem"ing, a. Prolific; productive.

     Teeming buds and cheerful appear. Dryden.


   Teem"less,  a. Not fruitful or prolific; barren; as, a teemless earth.
   [Poetic] Dryden.


   Teen  (?),  n. [OE. tene, AS. te\'a2na reproach, wrong, fr. te\'a2n to
   accuse; akin to G. zeihen, Goth. gateihan to tell, announce, L. dicere
   to say. See Token.] Grief; sorrow; affiction; pain. [Archaic] Chaucer.

     With public toil and private teen Thou sank'st alone. M. Arnold.


   Teen, v. t. [AS. te\'a2nian, t, to slander, vex. \'fb64. See Teen, n.]
   To  excite;  to  provoke;  to  vex; to affict; to injure. [Obs.] Piers


   Teen,  v.  t.  [See  Tine  to shut.] To hedge or fence in; to inclose.
   [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Teen"age  (?), n. The longer wood for making or mending fences. [Prov.
   Eng.] Halliwell.


   Teend  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  [See  Tinder.]  To kindle; to burn. [Obs.]


   Teen"ful (?), a. Full of teen; harmful; grievous; grieving; afflicted.
   [Obs.] Piers Plowman.


   Teens  (?),  n.  pl.  [See  Ten.]  The  years  of one's age having the
   termination  -teen,  beginning with thirteen and ending with nineteen;
   as, a girl in her teens.


   Tee"ny (?), a. Very small; tiny. [Colloq.]


   Teen"y  (?),  a.  [See  Teen grief.] Fretful; peevish; pettish; cross.
   [Prov. Eng.]


   Tee*ong" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The mino bird.


   Teest (?), n. A tinsmith's stake, or small anvil.


   Tee"tan (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A pipit. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tee"tee (?), n. [Sp. tit\'a1.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of several species of small, soft-furred South
   American  monkeys  belonging  to  Callithrix,  Chrysothrix, and allied
   genera;  as,  the  collared  teetee  (Callithrix  torquatus),  and the
   squirrel  teetee  (Chrysothrix sciurea). Called also pinche, titi, and
   saimiri. See Squirrel monkey, under Squirrel.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A diving petrel of Australia (Halodroma wrinatrix).


   Tee"ter  (?),  v.  i. & t. [imp. & p. p. Teetered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Teetering.] [Prov. E. titter to tremble, to seesaw; cf. Icel. titra to
   tremble,  OHG.  zittar\'d3n,  G.  zittern.] To move up and down on the
   ends  of  a  balanced plank, or the like, as children do for sport; to
   seesaw; to titter; to titter-totter. [U. S.]

     [The  bobolink]  alit upon the flower, and teetered up and down. H.
     W. Beecher.


   Tee"ter-tail`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) The spotted sandpiper. See the Note
   under Sandpiper.


   Teeth (?), n., pl. of Tooth.


   Teeth (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Teethed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Teething.]
   To breed, or grow, teeth.


   Teeth"ing  (?),  n.  The  process of the first growth of teeth, or the
   phenomena attending their issue through the gums; dentition.


   Tee*to"tal (?), a. Entire; total. [Colloq.]


   Tee*to"tal*er  (?),  n.  One  pledged  to  entire  abstinence from all
   intoxicating drinks.


   Tee*to"tal*ism (?), n. The principle or practice of entire abstinence,
   esp. from intoxicating drinks.


   Tee*to"tal*ly (?), adv. Entirely; totally. [Colloq.]


   Tee*to"tum  (?),  n.  [For  T-totum.  It was used for playing games of
   chance,  and  was  four-sided,  one  side  having  the letter T on it,
   standing for Latin totum all, meaning, take all that is staked, whence
   the  name.  The  other  three  sides  each  had a letter indicating an
   English  or  Latin word; as P meaning put down, N nothing or L. nil, H
   half.  See  Total.]  A  child's  toy,  somewhat  resembling a top, and
   twirled by the fingers.

     The  staggerings  of  the  gentleman  .  .  .  were like those of a
     teetotum nearly spent. Dickens.


   Tee"tuck (?), n. The rock pipit. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tee"uck (?), n. The lapwing. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tee"wit (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The pewit. [Prov. Eng.]


   Teg  (?),  n.  A  sheep  in its second year; also, a doe in its second
   year. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Teg"men (?), n.; pl. Tegmina (#). [L., fr. tegere, tectum, to cover.]

   1. A tegument or covering.

   2.  (Bot.)  The inner layer of the coating of a seed, usually thin and
   delicate; the endopleura.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of the elytra of an insect, especially of certain

   4. pl. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Tectrices.


   Teg*men"tal  (?),  a.  (Biol.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  tegument or
   tegmentum;  as,  the  tegmental  layer  of the epiblast; the tegmental
   cells of the taste buds.


   Teg*men"tum  (?),  n.;  pl.  Tegmenta (#). [L., a covering.] (Anat.) A
   covering;  -- applied especially to the bundles of longitudinal fibers
   in the upper part of the crura of the cerebrum.


   Te*guex"in  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A large South American lizard (Tejus
   teguexin).  It becomes three or four feet long, and is blackish above,
   marked  with  yellowish  spots of various sizes. It feeds upon fruits,
   insects,  reptiles,  young  birds, and birds' eggs. The closely allied
   species Tejus rufescens is called red teguexin.


   Teg"u*la  (?),  n.; pl. Tegul\'91 (#). [L., a tile, dim. fr. tegere to
   cover.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small appendage situated above the base of the
   wings of Hymenoptera and attached to the mesonotum.


   Teg"u*lar (?), a. [LL. tegularis, from L. tegula a tile. See Tile.] Of
   or  pertaining  to  a tile; resembling a tile, or arranged like tiles;
   consisting of tiles; as, a tegular pavement. -- Teg"u*lar*ly, adv.


   Teg`u*la"ted  (?),  a.  Composed of small plates, as of horn or metal,
   overlapping like tiles; -- said of a kind of ancient armor. Fairholt.


   Teg"u*ment  (?),  n. [L. tegumentum, from tegere to cover. See Thatch,
   n., and cf. Detect, Protect.]

   1. A cover or covering; an integument.

   2. Especially, the covering of a living body, or of some part or organ
   of such a body; skin; hide.


   Teg`u*men"ta*ry  (?), a. [Cf. F. t\'82gumentaire.] Of or pertaining to
   a  tegument  or  teguments;  consisting  of  teguments;  serving  as a
   tegument or covering.


   Te-hee"  (?),  n.  &  interj.  A tittering laugh; a titter. "'Te-hee,'
   quoth she." Chaucer.


   Te-hee", v. i. To titter; to laugh derisively.

     She  cried,  "Come,  come;  you  must not look grave upon me." Upon
     this, I te-heed. Madame D'Arblay.


   Teil  (?),  n.  [OF.  teil,  til,  L. tilia.] (Bot.) The lime tree, or
   linden; -- called also teil tree.


   Teind  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Icel.  t\'c6und.  See  Tithe.] A tithe. [Scot.]


   Teine (?), n. See Teyne. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Tein"land  (?),  n. (O. Eng. Law) Land granted by the crown to a thane
   or lord. Burrill.


   Tei"no*scope  (?),  n. [Gr. -scope.] (Physics) An instrument formed by
   combining  prisms  so  as  to  correct the chromatic aberration of the
   light  while  linear dimensions of objects seen through the prisms are
   increased  or  diminished;  --  called  also  prism  telescope. Sir D.


   Teint  (?),  n.  [F. teint, teinte. See Tint.] Tint; color; tinge, See
   Tint. [Obs.]

     Time shall . . . embrown the teint. Dryden.


   Tein"ture  (?),  n.  [F. See Tincture.] Color; tinge; tincture. [Obs.]


   Tek (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A Siberian ibex.


   Tel`a*mo"nes  (?),  n.  pl. [L., pl. of telamo or telamon, Gr. (Arch.)
   Same as Atlantes.


   Tel*an`gi*ec"ta*sis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Med.) Dilatation of the
   capillary vessels.


   Tel*an`gi*ec"ta*sy (?), n. (Med.) Telangiectasis.


   Te"lar*ly  (?), adv. In a weblike manner. [Obs.] "Telarly interwoven."
   Sir T. Browne.


   Te"la*ry  (?),  a. [LL. telaris, fr. L. tela a web. See Toil a snare.]
   Of or pertaining to a web; hence, spinning webs; retiary. "Pictures of
   telary spiders." Sir T. Browne.


   Tel"e*du (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) An East Indian carnivore (Mydaus meliceps)
   allied  to  the  badger, and noted for the very offensive odor that it
   emits, somewhat resembling that of a skunk. It is a native of the high
   mountains  of  Java  and Sumatra, and has long, silky fur. Called also
   stinking badger, and stinkard.


   Tel"e*gram  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -gram.]  A  message  sent  by telegraph; a
   telegraphic dispatch.

     NOTE: &hand; "A  fr iend desires us to give notice that he will ask
     leave,  at  some  convenient time, to introduce a new word into the
     vocabulary.  It  is  telegram,  instead of telegraphic dispatch, or
     telegraphic  communication."  Albany [N. Y.] Evening Journal (April
     6, 1852).


   Tel`e*gram*mic  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to,  or  resembling, a telegram;
   laconic; concise; brief. [R.]


   Tel"e*graph  (?), n. [Gr. toli) + -graph: cf. F. t\'82l\'82graphe. See
   Graphic.]  An  apparatus, or a process, for communicating intelligence
   rapidly  between  distant  points, especially by means of preconcerted
   visible or audible signals representing words or ideas, or by means of
   words and signs, transmitted by electrical action.

     NOTE: &hand; Th  e in struments us ed ar e cl assed as  in dicator,
     type-printing,  symbol-printing,  or  chemical-printing telegraphs,
     according  as  the  intelligence  is  given  by  the movements of a
     pointer or indicator, as in Cooke & Wheatstone's (the form commonly
     used  in  England), or by impressing, on a fillet of paper, letters
     from  types,  as  in  House's and Hughe's, or dots and marks from a
     sharp  point  moved by a magnet, as in Morse's, or symbols produced
     by  electro-chemical  action,  as  in Bain's. In the offices in the
     United  States  the  recording  instrument  is now little used, the
     receiving  operator  reading  by  ear  the combinations of long and
     short   intervals   of   sound  produced  by  the  armature  of  an
     electro-magnet  as  it is put in motion by the opening and breaking
     of  the  circuit,  which motion, in registering instruments, traces
     upon  a  ribbon  of  paper the lines and dots used to represent the
     letters of the alphabet. See Illustration in Appendix.

   Acoustic telegraph. See under Acoustic. -- Dial telegraph, a telegraph
   in  which  letters  of  the  alphabet and numbers or other symbols are
   placed  upon  the border of a circular dial plate at each station, the
   apparatus  being  so  arranged that the needle or index of the dial at
   the  receiving  station accurately copies the movements of that at the
   sending station. -- Electric telegraph, OR Electro-magnetic telegraph,
   a  telegraph in which an operator at one station causes words or signs
   to  be made at another by means of a current of electricity, generated
   by  a  battery  and transmitted over an intervening wire. -- Facsimile
   telegraph.  See  under  Facsimile.  --  Indicator telegraph. See under
   Indicator. -- Pan-telegraph, an electric telegraph by means of which a
   drawing  or  writing,  as  an  autographic  message,  may  be  exactly
   reproduced  at  a  distant station. -- Printing telegraph, an electric
   telegraph  which automatically prints the message as it is received at
   a  distant  station,  in  letters,  not  signs. -- Signal telegraph, a
   telegraph  in  which  preconcerted  signals,  made  by  a  machine, or
   otherwise,  at  one  station,  are  seen  or  heard and interpreted at
   another;  a semaphore. -- Submarine telegraph cable, a telegraph cable
   laid  under water to connect stations separated by a body of water. --
   Telegraph  cable, a telegraphic cable consisting of several conducting
   wires,  inclosed  by  an  insulating and protecting material, so as to
   bring  the  wires  into compact compass for use on poles, or to form a
   strong  cable  impervious  to  water, to be laid under ground, as in a
   town  or  city,  or  under  water, as in the ocean. -- Telegraph plant
   (Bot.),  a  leguminous  plant  (Desmodium  gyrans)  native of the East
   Indies. The leaflets move up and down like the signals of a semaphore.


   Tel"e*graph  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Telegraphed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Telegraphing  (?).]  [F. t\'82l\'82graphier.] To convey or announce by


   Te*leg"ra*pher   (?),   n.  One  who  sends  telegraphic  messages;  a
   telegraphic operator; a telegraphist.


   Tel`e*graph"ic  (?), a. [Cf. F. t\'82l\'82graphique.] Of or pertaining
   to the telegraph; made or communicated by a telegraph; as, telegraphic
   signals; telegraphic art; telegraphic intelligence.


   Tel`e*graph"ic*al (?), a. Telegraphic. -- Tel`e*graph"ic*al*ly, adv.


   Te*leg"ra*phist (?), n. One skilled in telegraphy; a telegrapher.


   Te*leg"ra*phy  (?),  n. [Cf. F. t\'82l\'82graphie.] The science or art
   of  constructing,  or  of  communicating  by means of, telegraphs; as,
   submarine telegraphy.


   Te*lem"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Gr. -meter.] An instrument used for measuring
   the  distance  of  an  object from an observer; as, a telescope with a
   micrometer for measuring the apparent diameter of an object whose real
   dimensions  are  known.  <--  A  measuring  instrument which sends the
   information obtained from its sensors by radio to a base station. Such
   instruments  are  used  for  measuring conditions in space or in other
   locations difficult of access for humans observers, or merely to allow
   one  observer  to  monitor  conditions in many places simultaneaously.
   Telemetry.  The  science  or process of making remote measurements and
   sending the data by radio. -->


   Te`le*o*ceph"i*al  (?),  n.  pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An extensive
   order  of  bony fishes including most of the common market species, as
   bass, salmon, cod, perch, etc.


   Te`le*o*log"ic*al  (?),  a. [Cf. F. t\'82l\'82ologique.] (Biol.) Of or
   pertaining   to   teleology,   or   the   doctrine   of   design.   --
   Te`le*o*log"ic*al*ly, adv.


   Te`le*ol"o*gist (?), n. (Biol.) One versed in teleology.


   Te`le*ol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr. teleos, the end or issue + -logy: cf. F.
   t\'82l\'82ologie.] The doctrine of the final causes of things; specif.
   (Biol.),  the  doctrine of design, which assumes that the phenomena of
   organic  life, particularly those of evolution, are explicable only by
   purposive  causes,  and  that  they  in  no  way admit of a mechanical
   explanation  or one based entirely on biological science; the doctrine
   of adaptation to purpose.


   Te"le*o*phore`  (?),  n.  [Gr.  teleos  complete  + (Zo\'94l.) Same as


   Te`le*or*gan"ic (?), a. [Gr. teleos complete + E. organic.] (Physiol.)
   Vital; as, teleorganic functions.


   Te`le*o*saur"  (?),  n. (Paleon.) Any one of several species of fossil
   suarians  belonging  to  Teleosaurus and allied genera. These reptiles
   are related to the crocodiles, but have biconcave vertebr\'91.


   Te`le*o*sau"rus  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Paleon.) A genus of extinct
   crocodilian reptiles of the Jurassic period, having a long and slender


   Te"le*ost  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of the Teleosti. Also used


   Te`le*os"te*an  (?), a. (Zo\'94l.)Of or pertaining to the teleosts. --
   n. A teleostean fish.


   Te`le*os"te*i  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A subclass of
   fishes  including  all  the ordinary bony fishes as distinguished from
   the ganoids.

   Page 1481


   Te"le*os`to*mi  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An extensive
   division  of  fishes including the ordinary fishes (Teleostei) and the


   Te`le*o*zo"ic (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Having tissued composed of cells.


   Te*le*o*zo"\'94n (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A metazoan.


   Te*lep"a*thy (?), n. [Gr. The sympathetic affection of one mind by the
   thoughts,  feelings,  or  emotions  of  another at a distance, without
   communication   through   the   ordinary  channels  of  sensation.  --
   Tel`e*path"ic, a. -- Te*lep"a*thist, n.


   Tel"e*pheme (?), n. [Gr. A message by a telephone. [Recent]


   Tel"e*phone  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Physics)  An  instrument for reproducing
   sounds, especially articulate speech, at a distance.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e or dinary te lephone co nsists es sentially of  a
     device by which currents of electricity, produced by sounds through
     the  agency of certain mechanical devices and exactly corresponding
     in duration and intensity to the vibrations of the air which attend
     them,  are  transmitted  to a distant station, and there, acting on
     suitable  mechanism,  reproduce  similar  sounds  by  repeating the
     vibrations. The necessary variations in the electrical currents are
     usually  produced  by  means  of  a  microphone  attached to a thin
     diaphragm  upon  which the voice acts, and are intensified by means
     of   an   induction   coil.   In   the   magnetic   telephone,   or
     magneto-telephone,  the  diaphragm  is of soft iron placed close to
     the  pole  of a magnet upon which is wound a coil of fine wire, and
     its  vibrations produce corresponding vibrable currents in the wire
     by  induction.  The mechanical, or string, telephone is a device in
     which  the  voice  or  sound causes vibrations in a thin diaphragm,
     which are directly transmitted along a wire or string connecting it
     to  a similar diaphragm at the remote station, thus reproducing the
     sound. It does not employ electricity.


   Tel"e*phone, v. t. To convey or announce by telephone.


   Tel`e*phon"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. t\'82l\'82phonique. See Telephone.]

   1. Conveying sound to a great distance.

   2. Of or pertaining to the telephone; by the telephone.


   Tel`e*phon"ic*al*ly (?), adv. By telephonic means or processes; by the
   use of the telephone.


   Te*leph"o*ny  (?),  n.  The  art or process of reproducing sounds at a
   distance, as with the telephone.


   Tel`e*po*lar"i*scope  (?),  n. [Gr. polariscope.] (Opt.) A polariscope
   arranged to be attached to a telescope. Lockyer.


   Tel`e*ryth"in  (?),  n.  [Gr.  erythrin.]  (Chem.)  A  red crystalline
   compound  related  to,  or  produced from, erythrin. So called because
   regarded as the end of the series of erythrin compounds.


   Tel"e*scope  (?), n. [Gr. t\'82lescope. See Telegraph, and -scope.] An
   optical  instrument  used  in viewing distant objects, as the heavenly

     NOTE: &hand; A  te lescope as sists th e ey e ch iefly in two ways;
     first,  by  enlarging the visual angle under which a distant object
     is  seen,  and  thus  magnifying  that  object;  and,  secondly, by
     collecting,  and  conveying to the eye, a larger beam of light than
     would  enter  the  naked organ, thus rendering objects distinct and
     visible  which  would otherwise be indistinct and or invisible. Its
     essential  parts  are  the  object  glass, or concave mirror, which
     collects  the  beam of light, and forms an image of the object, and
     the  eyeglass,  which  is  a  microscope,  by  which  the  image is

   Achromatic  telescope. See under Achromatic. -- Aplanatic telescope, a
   telescope  having  an aplanatic eyepiece. -- Astronomical telescope, a
   telescope which has a simple eyepiece so constructed or used as not to
   reverse  the  image  formed  by  the  object  glass,  and consequently
   exhibits  objects  inverted,  which is not a hindrance in astronomical
   observations.  --  Cassegrainian  telescope,  a  reflecting  telescope
   invented  by  Cassegrain,  which  differs  from  the Gregorian only in
   having  the  secondary  speculum convex instead of concave, and placed
   nearer  the  large  speculum.  The  Cassegrainian  represents  objects
   inverted;  the  Gregorian,  in  their  natural position. The Melbourne
   telescope  (see  Illust.  under  Reflecting  telescope,  below)  is  a
   Cassegrainian  telescope.  --  Dialytic telescope. See under Dialytic.
   Equatorial  telescope.  See  the  Note  under  Equatorial. -- Galilean
   telescope,  a  refracting telescope in which the eyeglass is a concave
   instead  of  a convex lens, as in the common opera glass. This was the
   construction  originally  adopted  by  Galileo,  the  inventor  of the
   instrument.  It  exhibits the objects erect, that is, in their natural
   positions. -- Gregorian telescope, a form of reflecting telescope. See
   under  Gregorian.  -- Herschelian telescope, a reflecting telescope of
   the  form invented by Sir William Herschel, in which only one speculum
   is  employed,  by means of which an image of the object is formed near
   one  side  of  the  open  end of the tube, and to this the eyeglass is
   applied  directly.  --  Newtonian  telescope,  a  form  of  reflecting
   telescope. See under Newtonian. -- Photographic telescope, a telescope
   specially  constructed  to make photographs of the heavenly bodies. --
   Prism  telescope. See Teinoscope. -- Reflecting telescope, a telescope
   in  which  the  image is formed by a speculum or mirror (or usually by
   two  speculums, a large one at the lower end of the telescope, and the
   smaller  one  near  the  open  end)  instead  of  an object glass. See
   Gregorian,  Cassegrainian,  Herschelian,  AND  Newtonian,  telescopes,
   above.  --  Refracting  telescope,  a  telescope in which the image is
   formed  by  refraction  through  an  object  glass.  -- Telescope carp
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  telescope  fish.  --  Telescope  fish  (Zo\'94l.), a
   monstrous  variety  of  the  goldfish having very protuberant eyes. --
   Telescope  fly  (Zo\'94l.),  any  two-winged fly of the genus Diopsis,
   native  of  Africa  and  Asia.  The telescope flies are remarkable for
   having  the  eyes  raised  on  very  long  stalks.  -- Telescope shell
   (Zo\'94l.),  an  elongated  gastropod  (Cerithium  telescopium) having
   numerous  flattened  whorls.  -- Telescope sight (Firearms), a slender
   telescope  attached  to the barrel, having cross wires in the eyepiece
   and  used  as  a  sight.  --  Terrestrial telescope, a telescope whose
   eyepiece  has  one  or  two lenses more than the astronomical, for the
   purpose of inverting the image, and exhibiting objects erect.


   Tel"e*scope  (?),  a.  [imp.  &  p. p. Telescoped (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Telescoping  (?).]  To  slide  or  pass  one within another, after the
   manner  of the sections of a small telescope or spyglass; to come into
   collision,  as  railway  cars,  in  such  a  manner that one runs into
   another. [Recent]


   Tel"e*scope,  v.  t.  To  cause  to  come  into  collision,  so  as to
   telescope. [Recent]

                           Telescopic, Telescopical

   Tel`e*scop"ic (?), Tel`e*scop"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. t\'82lescopique.]

   1. Of or pertaining to a telescope; performed by a telescope.

   2. Seen or discoverable only by a telescope; as, telescopic stars.

   3. Able to discern objects at a distance; farseeing; far-reaching; as,
   a telescopic eye; telescopic vision.

   4. Having the power of extension by joints sliding one within another,
   like  the tube of a small telescope or a spyglass; especially (Mach.),
   constructed   of  concentric  tubes,  either  stationary,  as  in  the
   telescopic  boiler,  or movable, as in the telescopic chimney of a war
   vessel, which may be put out of sight by being lowered endwise.


   Tel`e*scop"ic*al*ly,  adv.  In  a  telescopical manner; by or with the


   Te*les"co*pist (?), n. One who uses a telescope. R. A. Proctor.


   Te*les"co*py   (?),  n.  The  art  or  practice  of  using  or  making


   Tel"esm  (?),  n.  [Ar.  tilism.  See  Talisman.]  A kind of amulet or
   magical charm. [Obs.] J. Gregory.

                           Telesmatic, Telesmatical

   Tel`es*mat"ic  (?),  Tel`es*mat"ic*al  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to
   telesms; magical. J. Gregory.


   Tel`e*spec"tro*scope   (?),   n.   [Gr.   spectroscope.]  (Astron.)  A
   spectroscope arranged to be attached to a telescope for observation of
   distant objects, as the sun or stars. Lockyer.


   Tel`e*ste"re*o*scope  (?),  n. [Gr. stereoscope.] (Opt.) A stereoscope
   adapted  to  view  distant natural objects or landscapes; a telescopic


   Te*les"tic  (?),  a.  [Gr. Tending or relating to a purpose or an end.
   [R.] Cudworth.


   Te*les"tich  (?),  n.  [Gr.  A  poem in which the final letters of the
   lines, taken consequently, make a name. Cf. Acrostic.


   Tel`e*ther*mom"e*ter (?), n. [Gr. thermometer.] (Physics) An apparatus
   for   determining  the  temperature  of  a  distant  point,  as  by  a
   thermoelectric circuit or otherwise.


   Te*leu"to*spore (?), n. [Gr. spore.] (Bot.) The thick-celled winter or
   resting  spore  of  the  rusts  (order  Uredinales),  produced in late
   summer. See Illust. of Uredospore.


   Tel"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Gram.)  Denoting the final end or purpose, as
   distinguished from ecbatic. See Ecbatic. Gibbs.


   Tell (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Told (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Telling.] [AS.
   tellan, from talu tale, number, speech; akin to D. tellen to count, G.
   z\'84hlen,  OHG. zellen to count, tell, say, Icel. telja, Dan. tale to
   speak, t\'91lle to count. See Tale that which is told.]

   1. To mention one by one, or piece by piece; to recount; to enumerate;
   to reckon; to number; to count; as, to tell money. "An heap of coin he
   told." Spenser.

     He telleth the number of the stars. Ps. cxlvii. 4.

     Tell the joints of the body. Jer. Taylor.

   2. To utter or recite in detail; to give an account of; to narrate.

     Of which I shall tell all the array. Chaucer.

     And not a man appears to tell their fate. Pope.

   3. To make known; to publish; to disclose; to divulge.

     Why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife? Gen. xii. 18.

   4.  To  give instruction to; to make report to; to acquaint; to teach;
   to inform.

     A secret pilgrimage, That you to-day promised to tell me of? Shak.

   5. To order; to request; to command.

     He told her not to be frightened. Dickens.

   6. To discern so as to report; to ascertain by observing; to find out;
   to  discover;  as,  I  can not tell where one color ends and the other

   7.  To  make  account of; to regard; to reckon; to value; to estimate.

     I ne told no dainity of her love. Chaucer.

     NOTE: &hand; Te ll, th ough equivalent in some respect to speak and
     say,  has not always the same application. We say, to tell truth or
     falsehood, to tell a number, to tell the reasons, to tell something
     or  nothing;  but  we  never  say,  to tell a speech, discourse, or
     oration,  or  to  tell  an argument or a lesson. It is much used in
     commands; as, tell me the whole story; tell me all you know.

   To  tell  off,  to  count;  to  divide.  Sir  W.  Scott.  Syn.  --  To
   communicate;  impart;  reveal;  disclose;  inform;  acquaint;  report;
   repeat; rehearse; recite.


   Tell, v. i.

   1. To give an account; to make report.

     That  I  may publish with the voice of thankgiving, and tell of all
     thy wondrous works. Ps. xxvi. 7.

   2.  To  take effect; to produce a marked effect; as, every shot tells;
   every expression tells.
   To  tell  of. (a) To speak of; to mention; to narrate or describe. (b)
   To inform against; to disclose some fault of. -- To tell on, to inform
   against. [Archaic & Colloq.]

     Lest  they  should  tell on us, saying, So did David. 1 Sam. xxvii.


   Tell, n. That which is told; tale; account. [R.]

     I am at the end of my tell. Walpole.


   Tell, n. [Ar.] A hill or mound. W. M. Thomson.


   Tell"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being told.


   Tel"len (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any species of Tellina.


   Tell"er (?), n.

   1.  One who tells, relates, or communicates; an informer, narrator, or

   2.  One  of four officers of the English Exchequer, formerly appointed
   to  receive  moneys  due  to the king and to pay moneys payable by the
   king. Cowell.

   3.  An  officer  of a bank who receives and counts over money paid in,
   and pays money out on checks.

   4.  One  who  is  appointed  to count the votes given in a legislative
   body, public meeting, assembly, etc.


   Tell"er*ship, n. The office or employment of a teller.


   Tel*li"na  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of marine bivalve
   mollusks having thin, delicate, and often handsomely colored shells.


   Tell"ing (?), a. Operating with great effect; effective; as, a telling
   speech. -- Tell"ing*ly, adv.


   Tell"tale` (?), a. Telling tales; babbling. "The telltale heart." Poe.


   Tell"tale`, n.

   1.  One  who  officiously  communicates  information  of  the  private
   concerns of others; one who tells that which prudence should suppress.

   2. (Mus.) A movable piece of ivory, lead, or other material, connected
   with the bellows of an organ, that gives notice, by its position, when
   the wind is exhausted.

   3.  (Naut.)  (a) A mechanical attachment to the steering wheel, which,
   in  the  absence  of  a  tiller, shows the position of the helm. (b) A
   compass in the cabin of a vessel, usually placed where the captain can
   see it at all hours, and thus inform himself of the vessel's course.

   4.  (Mach.)  A  machine  or  contrivance  for  indicating or recording
   something, particularly for keeping a check upon employees, as factory
   hands,  watchmen, drivers, check takers, and the like, by revealing to
   their employers what they have done or omitted.

   5. (Zo\'94l.) The tattler. See Tattler.

   Page 1482


   Tel*lu"ral  (?), a. [L. tellus, -uris, the earth.] Of or pertaining to
   the earth. [R.]


   Tel"lu*rate  (?), n. [Cf. F. tellurate. See Tellurium.] (Chem.) A salt
   of telluric acid.


   Tel"lu*ret (?), n. (Chem.) A telluride. [Obsoles.]


   Tel"lu*ret`ed  (?), n. (Chem.) Combined or impregnated with tellurium;
   tellurized. [Written also telluretted.] [Obsoles.] Tellureted hydrogen
   (Chem.),  hydrogen  telluride,  H2Te, a gaseous substance analogous to
   hydrogen sulphide; -- called also tellurhydric acid.


   Tel`lur*hy"dric  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Of, pertaining to, or designating,
   hydrogen  telluride,  which is regarded as an acid, especially when in


   Tel*lu"ri*an  (?),  a. [L. tellus, -uris, the earth.] Of or pertaining
   to the earth. De Quincey.


   Tel*lu"ri*an, n.

   1. A dweller on the earth. De Quincey.

   2. An instrument for showing the operation of the causes which produce
   the  succession  of  day  and  night,  and the changes of the seasons.
   [Written also tellurion.]


   Tel*lu"ric (?), a. [L. tellus, -uris, the earth: cf. F. tellurique.]

   1. Of or pertaining to the earth; proceeding from the earth.

     Amid these hot, telluric flames. Carlyle.

   2. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to tellurium; derived from, or resembling,
   tellurium;  specifically,  designating  those  compounds  in which the
   element  has  a higher valence as contrasted with tellurous compounds;
   as, telluric acid, which is analogous to sulphuric acid.
   Telluric  bismuth  (Min.),  tetradymite.  --  Telluric  silver (Min.),


   Tel"lu*ride  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  compound  of  tellurium with a more
   positive element or radical; -- formerly called telluret.


   Tel"lu*rism  (?),  n.  An hypothesis of animal magnetism propounded by
   Dr.  Keiser,  in  Germany,  in which the phenomena are ascribed to the
   agency of a telluric spirit or influence. [R.] S. Thompson.


   Tel"lu*rite (?), n.

   1. (Chem.) A salt of tellurous acid.

   2. (Min.) Oxide of tellurium. It occurs sparingly in tufts of white or
   yellowish crystals.


   Tel*lu"ri*um  (?), n. [NL., from L. tellus, -uris, the earth.] (Chem.)
   A  rare  nonmetallic  element,  analogous  to  sulphur  and  selenium,
   occasionally  found  native  as a substance of a silver-white metallic
   luster,  but  usually combined with metals, as with gold and silver in
   the  mineral  sylvanite,  with mercury in Coloradoite, etc. Symbol Te.
   Atomic  weight  125.2.  Graphic  tellurium.  (Min.)  See Sylvanite. --
   Tellurium glance (Min.), nagyagite; -- called also black tellurium.


   Tel"lu*rize  (?),  v.  t. (Chem.) To impregnate with, or to subject to
   the  action  of,  tellurium;  --  chiefly used adjectively in the past
   participle; as, tellurized ores.


   Tel"lu*rous  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Of or pertaining to tellurium; derived
   from,   or  containing,  tellurium;  specifically,  designating  those
   compounds  in which the element has a lower valence as contrasted with
   telluric   compounds;  as,  tellurous  acid,  which  is  analogous  to
   sulphurous acid.


   Tel`o*dy*nam"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  dynamic.]  Relating  to  a system for
   transmitting  power  to a distance by means of swiftly moving ropes or
   cables driving grooved pulleys of large diameter.


   Tel`oo*goo" (?), n. See Telugu. D. O. Allen.


   Te*lot"ro*cha  (?),  n.; pl. Telotroch\'91 (#). [NL. See Telotrochal.]
   (Zo\'94l.) An annelid larva having telotrochal bands of cilia.

                           Telotrochal, Telotrochous

   Te*lot"ro*chal  (?),  Te*lot"ro*chous  (?),  a. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Having
   both  a  preoral  and  a  posterior  band  of cilla; -- applied to the
   larv\'91 of certain annelids.


   Tel"o*type (?), n. [Gr. -type.] An electric telegraph which prints the
   messages in letters and not in signs.


   Tel"pher  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Elec.)  A contrivance for the conveyance of
   vehicles  or  loads  by means of electricity. Fleeming Jenkin. Telpher
   line,  OR  Telpher  road, an electric line or road over which vehicles
   for carrying loads are moved by electric engines actuated by a current
   conveyed by the line.


   Tel"pher*age  (?),  n. The conveyance of vehicles or loads by means of
   electricity. Fleeming Jenkin.


   Tel"son  (?),  n.;  pl.  Telsons  (#).  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The
   terminal joint or movable piece at the end of the abdomen of Crustacea
   and other articulates. See Thoracostraca.


   Tel`u*gu" (?), n.

   1.  A  Darvidian  language  spoken in the northern parts of the Madras
   presidency.  In extent of use it is the next language after Hindustani
   (in its various forms) and Bengali. [Spelt also Teloogoo.]

   2. One of the people speaking the Telugu language.


   Tel`u*gu", a. Of or pertaining to the Telugu language, or the Telugus.


   Tem`er*a"ri*ous  (?),  a.  [L. temerarius. See Temerity.] Unreasonably
   adventurous;  despising danger; rash; headstrong; audacious; reckless;
   heedless. -- Tem`er*a"ri*ous*ly, adv.

     I spake against temerarious judgment. Latimer.


   Tem`er*a"tion  (?),  n. [L. temerare to defile.] Temerity. [Obs.] Jer.


   Te*mer"i*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  temeritas,  from temere by chance, rashly;
   perhaps  akin  to  Skr.  tamas  darkness:  cf.  F. t\'82m\'82rit\'82.]
   Unreasonable  contempt  of  danger; extreme venturesomeness; rashness;
   as,   the   temerity   of  a  commander  in  war.  Syn.  --  Rashness;
   precipitancy;  heedlessness;  venturesomeness.  -- Temerity, Rashness.
   These  words are closely allied in sense, but have a slight difference
   in  their  use  and  application.  Temerity  is Latin, and rashness is
   Anglo-Saxon.  As in many such cases, the Latin term is more select and
   dignified;  the  Anglo-Saxon  more  familiar  and  energetic.  We show
   temerity  in  hasty  decisions, and the conduct to which they lead. We
   show rashness in particular actions, as dictated by sudden impulse. It
   is  an exhibition of temerity to approach the verge of a precipice; it
   is an act of rashness to jump into a river without being able to swim.
   Temerity,  then,  is an unreasonable contempt of danger; rashness is a
   rushing into danger from thoughtlessness or excited feeling.

     It is notorious temerity to pass sentence upon grounds uncapable of
     evidence. Barrow.

     Her  rush  hand  in  evil  hour  Forth  reaching  to the fruit, she
     plucked, she eat. Milton.


   Tem"er*ous (?), a. Temerarious. [Obs.]


   Tem*pe"an  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to Temple, a valley in Thessaly,
   celebrated  by  Greek  poets  on  account  of  its  beautiful scenery;
   resembling Temple; hence, beautiful; delightful; charming.


   Tem"per  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Tempered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tempering.] [AS. temprian or OF. temper, F. temp\'82rer, and (in sense
   3) temper, L. temperare, akin to tempus time. Cf. Temporal, Distemper,

   1. To mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to modify, as
   by adding some new element; to qualify, as by an ingredient; hence, to
   soften; to mollify; to assuage; to soothe; to calm.

     Puritan austerity was so tempered by Dutch indifference, that mercy
     itself could not have dictated a milder system. Bancroft.

     Woman!  lovely  woman!  nature made thee To temper man: we had been
     brutes without you. Otway.

     But  thy  fire  Shall  be  more  tempered, and thy hope far higher.

     She  [the  Goddess of Justice] threw darkness and clouds about her,
     that  tempered  the  light  into  a  thousand  beautiful shades and
     colors. Addison.

   2. To fit together; to adjust; to accomodate.

     Thy sustenance . . . serving to the appetite of the eater, tempered
     itself to every man's liking. Wisdom xvi. 21.

   3.  (Metal.)  To  bring  to a proper degree of hardness; as, to temper
   iron or steel.

     The tempered metals clash, and yield a silver sound. Dryden.

   4. To govern; to manage. [A Latinism & Obs.]

     With  which  the  damned ghosts he governeth, And furies rules, and
     Tartare tempereth. Spenser.

   5. To moisten to a proper consistency and stir thoroughly, as clay for
   making brick, loam for molding, etc.

   6. (Mus.) To adjust, as the mathematical scale to the actual scale, or
   to  that  in  actual use. Syn. -- To soften; mollify; assuage; soothe;


   Tem"per, n.

   1.  The state of any compound substance which results from the mixture
   of  various  ingredients;  due  mixture  of  different qualities; just
   combination; as, the temper of mortar.

   2.  Constitution  of body; temperament; in old writers, the mixture or
   relative  proportion  of  the  four humors, blood, choler, phlegm, and

     The  exquisiteness  of  his  [Christ's] bodily temper increased the
     exquisiteness of his torment. Fuller.

   3.  Disposition  of  mind;  the constitution of the mind, particularly
   with regard to the passions and affections; as, a calm temper; a hasty
   temper; a fretful temper.

     Remember  with  what  mild  And  gracious temper he both heared and
     judged. Milton.

     The consequents of a certain ethical temper. J. H. Newman.

   4.  Calmness  of  mind; moderation; equanimity; composure; as, to keep
   one's temper.

     To fall with dignity, with temper rise. Pope.

     Restore yourselves to your tempers, fathers. B. Jonson.

   5.  Heat  of  mind or passion; irritation; proneness to anger; -- in a
   reproachful sense. [Colloq.]

   6.  The  state  of  a  metal  or other substance, especially as to its
   hardness,  produced  by  some  process  of heating or cooling; as, the
   temper of iron or steel.

   7. Middle state or course; mean; medium. [R.]

     The  perfect  lawgiver  is  a  just  temper between the mere man of
     theory,  who  can  see nothing but general principles, and the mere
     man  of business, who can see nothing but particular circumstances.

   8.  (Sugar  Works)  Milk  of lime, or other substance, employed in the
   process formerly used to clarify sugar.
   Temper  screw,  in deep well boring, an adjusting screw connecting the
   working  beam with the rope carrying the tools, for lowering the tools
   as  the  drilling progresses. Syn. -- Disposition; temperament; frame;
   humor; mood. See Disposition.


   Tem"per, v. i.

   1. To accord; to agree; to act and think in conformity. [Obs.] Shak.

   2.  To  have or get a proper or desired state or quality; to grow soft
   and pliable.

     I  have  him  already tempering between my finger and my thumb, and
     shortly will I seal with him. Shak.


   Tem"pe*ra  (?),  n.  [It.]  (Paint.)  A  mode  or process of painting;

     NOTE: &hand; Th e te rm is  ap plied es pecially to  ea rly Italian
     painting, common vehicles of which were yolk of egg, yolk and white
     of  egg  mixed  together,  the white juice of the fig tree, and the


   Tem"per*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being tempered.

     The fusible, hard, and temperable texture of metals. Emerson.


   Tem"per*a*ment  (?),  n. [L. temperamentum a mixing in due proportion,
   proper measure, temperament: cf. F. temp\'82rament. See Temper, v. t.]

   1.   Internal   constitution;  state  with  respect  to  the  relative
   proportion of different qualities, or constituent parts.

     The  common law . . . has reduced the kingdom to its just state and
     temperament. Sir M. Hale.

   2.  Due  mixture  of  qualities;  a  condition brought about by mutual
   compromises or concessions. [Obs.]

     However,  I  forejudge  not any probable expedient, any temperament
     that  can be found in things of this nature, so disputable on their
     side. Milton.

   3.  The  act  of  tempering  or  modifying; adjustment, as of clashing
   rules, interests, passions, or the like; also, the means by which such
   adjustment is effected.

     Wholesome  temperaments  of the rashness of popular assemblies. Sir
     J. Mackintosh.

   4. Condition with regard to heat or cold; temperature. [Obs.]

     Bodies  are  denominated  "hot"  and  "cold"  in  proportion to the
     present  temperament  of  that  part  of our body to which they are
     applied. Locke.

   5.   (Mus.)   A  system  of  compromises  in  the  tuning  of  organs,
   pianofortes,  and  the  like,  whereby  the  tones  generated with the
   vibrations  of  a  ground  tone  are  mutually  modified  and  in part
   canceled,  until  their number reduced to the actual practicable scale
   of  twelve  tones  to  the  octave.  This  scale,  although  in so far
   artificial,  is  yet  closely  suggestive of its origin in nature, and
   this system of tuning, although not mathematically true, yet satisfies
   the ear, while it has the convenience that the same twelve fixed tones
   answer  for  every key or scale, C# becoming identical with Db, and so
   on.<-- = tempering -->

   6.  (Physiol.)  The  peculiar  physical  and  mental  character  of an
   individual,   in  olden  times  erroneously  supposed  to  be  due  to
   individual   variation   in  the  relations  and  proportions  of  the
   constituent  parts of the body, especially of the fluids, as the bile,
   blood, lymph, etc. Hence the phrases, bilious or choleric temperament,
   sanguine  temperament,  etc.,  implying a predominance of one of these
   fluids and a corresponding influence on the temperament.
   Equal   temperament   (Mus.),   that  in  which  the  variations  from
   mathematically true pitch are distributed among all the keys alike. --
   Unequal  temperament  (Mus.),  that in which the variations are thrown
   into the keys least used.


   Tem`per*a*men"tal   (?),   a.   Of   or   pertaining  to  temperament;
   constitutional. [R.] Sir T. Browne.


   Tem"per*ance  (?),  n.  [L.  temperantia:  cf.  F.  temp\'82rance. See
   Temper, v. t.]

   1.  Habitual  moderation  in  regard  to the indulgence of the natural
   appetites and passions; restrained or moderate indulgence; moderation;
   as, temperance in eating and drinking; temperance in the indulgence of
   joy  or  mirth; specifically, moderation, and sometimes abstinence, in
   respect to using intoxicating liquors.

   2.  Moderation  of  passion;  patience;  calmness; sedateness. [R.] "A
   gentleman of all temperance." Shak.

     He calmed his wrath with goodly temperance. Spenser.

   3.  State with regard to heat or cold; temperature. [Obs.] "Tender and
   delicate temperance." Shak.
   Temperance   society,   an  association  formed  for  the  purpose  of
   diminishing or stopping the use of alcoholic liquors as a beverage.


   Tem"per*an*cy (?), n. Temperance.


   Tem"per*ate  (?), a. [L. temperatus, p.p. of temperare. See Temper, v.

   1. Moderate; not excessive; as, temperate heat; a temperate climate.

   2.  Not  marked  with  passion; not violent; cool; calm; as, temperate

     She is not hot, but temperate as the morn. Shak.

     That sober freedom out of which there springs Our loyal passion for
     our temperate kings. Tennyson.

   3.  Moderate  in  the indulgence of the natural appetites or passions;
   as, temperate in eating and drinking.

     Be sober and temperate, and you will be healthy. Franklin.

   4. Proceeding from temperance. [R.]

     The temperate sleeps, and spirits light as air. Pope.

   Temperate  zone  (Geog.),  that  part  of the earth which lies between
   either tropic and the corresponding polar circle; -- so called because
   the  heat  is  less than in the torrid zone, and the cold less than in
   the frigid zones. Syn. -- Abstemious; sober; calm; cool; sedate.


   Tem"per*ate (?), v. t. To render temperate; to moderate; to soften; to
   temper. [Obs.]

     It inflames temperance, and temperates wrath. Marston.


   Tem"per*ate*ly (?), adv. In a temperate manner.


   Tem"per*ate*ness,   n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  temperate;
   moderateness; temperance.


   Tem"per*a*tive (?), a. [Cf. L. temperativus soothing.] Having power to
   temper. [R.] T. Granger.


   Tem"per*a*ture (?), n. [F. temp\'82rature, L. temperatura due measure,
   proportion, temper, temperament.]

   1. Constitution; state; degree of any quality.

     The  best  composition and temperature is, to have openness in fame
     and opinion, secrecy in habit, dissimulation in seasonable use, and
     a power to feign, if there be no remedy. Bacon.

     Memory  depends  upon  the  consistence  and the temperature of the
     brain. I. Watts.

   2. Freedom from passion; moderation. [Obs.]

     In  that  proud  port,  which  her  so  goodly graceth, Most goodly
     temperature you may descry. Spenser.

   3.  (Physics)  Condition  with  respect to heat or cold, especially as
   indicated  by  the  sensation  produced,  or  by  the  thermometer  or
   pyrometer;  degree  of  heat  or cold; as, the temperature of the air;
   high  temperature;  low  temperature;  temperature  of  freezing or of

   4. Mixture; compound. [Obs.]

     Made a temperature of brass and iron together. Holland.

   Absolute   temperature.   (Physics)  See  under  Absolute.  --  Animal
   temperature  (Physiol.), the nearly constant temperature maintained in
   the  bodies  of  warm-blooded (homoiothermal) animals during life. The
   ultimate  source of the heat is to be found in the potential energy of
   the  food  and  the  oxygen  which  is  absorbed  from  the air during
   respiration.  See  Homoiothermal. -- Temperature sense (Physiol.), the
   faculty   of   perceiving  cold  and  warmth,  and  so  of  perceiving
   differences of temperature in external objects. H. N. Martin.

   Page 1483


   Tem"pered  (?),  a.  Brought  to  a proper temper; as, tempered steel;
   having  (such)  a  temper;  --  chiefly  used  in  composition;  as, a
   good-tempered or bad-tempered man; a well-tempered sword.


   Tem"per*er  (?),  n.  One who, or that which, tempers; specifically, a
   machine in which lime, cement, stone, etc., are mixed with water.


   Tem"per*ing, n. (Metal.) The process of giving the requisite degree of
   hardness  or  softness  to a substance, as iron and steel; especially,
   the  process  of  giving  to steel the degree of hardness required for
   various  purposes,  consisting  usually in first plunging the article,
   when  heated  to  redness,  in  cold water or other liquid, to give an
   excess of hardness, and then reheating it gradually until the hardness
   is  reduced  or drawn down to the degree required, as indicated by the
   color  produced  on  a  polished  portion,  or  by the burning of oil.
   Tempering  color,  the  shade  of  color  that indicates the degree of
   temper  in  tempering steel, as pale straw yellow for lancets, razors,
   and  tools  for  metal;  dark  straw yellow for penknives, screw taps,
   etc.;  brown  yellow for axes, chisels, and plane irons; yellow tinged
   with  purple  for table knives and shears; purple for swords and watch
   springs;  blue  for  springs  and saws; and very pale blue tinged with
   green, too soft for steel instruments.


   Tem"pest (?), n. [OF. tempeste, F. temp\'88te, (assumed) LL. tempesta,
   fr.  L. tempestas a portion of time, a season, weather, storm, akin to
   tempus time. See Temporal of time.]

   1.  An  extensive  current  of  wind,  rushing with great velocity and
   violence,  and  commonly  attended with rain, hail, or snow; a furious

     [We]  caught  in a fiery tempest, shall be hurled, Each on his rock
     transfixed. Milton.

   2.  Fig.:  Any violent tumult or commotion; as, a political tempest; a
   tempest of war, or of the passions.

   3.  A  fashionable  assembly;  a drum. See the Note under Drum, n., 4.
   [Archaic] Smollett.

     NOTE: &hand; Te  mpest is  so metimes us ed in  th e fo rmation of 
     self-explaining   compounds;  as,  tempest-beaten,  tempest-loving,
     tempest-tossed, tempest-winged, and the like.

   Syn. -- Storm; agitation; perturbation. See Storm.


   Tem"pest,  v.  t.  [Cf.  OF.  tempester,  F.  temp\'88ter to rage.] To
   disturb as by a tempest. [Obs.]

     Part  huge  of  bulk  Wallowing  unwieldy,  enormous in their gait,
     Tempest the ocean. Milton.


   Tem"pest, v. i. To storm. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Tem*pes"tive   (?),  a.  [L.  tempestivus.]  Seasonable;  timely;  as,
   tempestive showers. [Obs.] Heywood. -- Tem*pes"tive*ly, adv. [Obs.]


   Tem`pes*tiv"i*ly (?), n. [L. tempestivitas.] The quality, or state, of
   being tempestive; seasonableness. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Tem*pes"tu*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  tempestuous:  cf.  OF.  tempestueux, F.
   temp\'88tueux.] Of or pertaining to a tempest; involving or resembling
   a  tempest;  turbulent;  violent;  stormy;  as, tempestuous weather; a
   tempestuous night; a tempestuous debate. -- Tem*pes"tu*ous*ly, adv. --
   Tem*pes"tu*ous*ness, n.

     They  saw the Hebrew leader, Waiting, and clutching his tempestuous
     beard. Longfellow.


   Tem"plar  (?),  n.  [OE.  templere,  F.  templier, LL. templarius. See
   Temple a church.]

   1.  One  of  a  religious  and  military  order  first  established at
   Jerusalem,  in  the early part of the 12th century, for the protection
   of  pilgrims  and  of  the  Holy Sepulcher. These Knights Templars, or
   Knights  of  the  Temple,  were  so  named  because  they  occupied an
   apartment of the palace of Bladwin II. in Jerusalem, near the Temple.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e or der wa s fi rst li mited in  nu mbers, and its
     members  were  bound  by  vows  of  chastity and poverty. After the
     conquest  of  Palestine  by  the Saracens, the Templars spread over
     Europe,  and,  by  reason  of their reputation for valor and piety,
     they  were  enriched  by numerous donations of money and lands. The
     extravagances and vices of the later Templars, however, finally led
     to the suppression of the order by the Council of Vienne in 1312.

   2. A student of law, so called from having apartments in the Temple at
   London,   the  original  buildings  having  belonged  to  the  Knights
   Templars. See Inner Temple, and Middle Temple, under Temple. [Eng.]

   3.  One  belonged  to  a certain order or degree among the Freemasons,
   called  Knights  Templars. Also, one of an order among temperance men,
   styled Good Templars.


   Tem"plar, a. Of or pertaining to a temple. [R.]

     Solitary, family, and templar devotion. Coleridge.


   Tem"plate (?), n. Same as Templet.


   Tem"ple  (?), n. [Cf. Templet.] (Weaving) A contrivence used in a loom
   for keeping the web stretched transversely.


   Tem"ple,  n.  [OF.  temple, F. tempe, from L. tempora, tempus; perhaps
   originally,  the  right place, the fatal spot, supposed to be the same
   word  as tempus, temporis, the fitting or appointed time. See Temporal
   of time, and cf. Tempo, Tense, n.]

   1.  (Anat.) The space, on either side of the head, back of the eye and
   forehead, above the zygomatic arch and in front of the ear.

   2.  One of the side bars of a pair of spectacles, jointed to the bows,
   and  passing  one on either side of the head to hold the spectacles in


   Tem"ple,  n.  [AS.  tempel,  from  L.  templum  a  space  marked  out,
   sanctuary,   temple;   cf.   Gr.   t\'82mple,   from  the  Latin.  Cf.

   1.  A place or edifice dedicated to the worship of some deity; as, the
   temple of Jupiter at Athens, or of Juggernaut in India. "The temple of
   mighty Mars." Chaucer.

   2. (Jewish Antiq.) The edifice erected at Jerusalem for the worship of

     Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon's porch. John x. 23.

   3.  Hence,  among  Christians, an edifice erected as a place of public
   worship; a church.

     Can  he  whose  life  is a perpetual insult to the authority of God
     enter  with  any  pleasure  a  temple  consecrated  to devotion and
     sanctified by prayer? Buckminster.

   4.  Fig.:  Any  place  in which the divine presence specially resides.
   "The temple of his body." John ii. 21.

     Know  ye  not that ye are the temple of God, and that the spirit of
     God dwelleth in you? 1 Cor. iii. 16.

     The groves were God's first temples. Bryant.

   Inner   Temple,  AND  Middle  Temple,  two  buildings,  or  ranges  of
   buildings,  occupied  by two inns of court in London, on the site of a
   monastic establishment of the Knights Templars, called the Temple.
   Tem"ple  (?), v. t. To build a temple for; to appropriate a temple to;
   as, to temple a god. [R.] Feltham. 


   Tem"pled  (?), a. Supplied with a temple or temples, or with churches;
   inclosed in a temple.

     I  love  thy  rocks  and  rills, Thy woods and templed hills. S. F.


   Tem"plet  (?),  n.  [LL.  templatus  vaulted,  from L. templum a small
   timber.] [Spelt also template.]

   1.  A gauge, pattern, or mold, commonly a thin plate or board, used as
   a  guide  to  the  form of the work to be executed; as, a mason's or a
   wheelwright's templet.

   2.  (Arch.)  A short piece of timber, iron, or stone, placed in a wall
   under a girder or other beam, to distribute the weight or pressure.


   Tem"po  (?), n. [It., fr. L. tempus. See Tense, n.] (Mus.) The rate or
   degree  of  movement in time. A tempo giusto (j&oomac;s"t&osl;) [It.],
   in exact time; -- sometimes, directing a return to strict time after a
   tempo rubato. -- Tempo rubato. See under Rubato.


   Tem"po*ral  (?),  a.  [L.  temporalis, fr. tempora the temples: cf. F.
   temporal.  See Temple a part of the head.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to
   the  temple  or  temples;  as,  the  temporal bone; a temporal artery.
   Temporal  bone,  a very complex bone situated in the side of the skull
   of most mammals and containing the organ of hearing. It consists of an
   expanded  squamosal  portion  above  the  ear,  corresponding  to  the
   squamosal  and  zygoma of the lower vertebrates, and a thickened basal
   petrosal  and  mastoid  portion,  corresponding  to  the  periotic and
   tympanic bones of the lower vertebrates.
   Tem"po*ral (?), a. [L. temporalis, fr. tempus, temporis, time, portion
   of  time,  the  fitting  or  appointed  time:  cf.  F.  temporel.  Cf.
   Contemporaneous,  Extempore,  Temper, v. t., Tempest, Temple a part of
   the head, Tense, n., Thing.]
   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to time, that is, to the present life, or this
   world; secular, as distinguished from sacred or eternal.
     The  things  which  are seen are temporal, but the things which are
     not seen are eternal. 2 Cor. iv. 18.
     Is this an hour for temporal affairs? Shak.
   2.  Civil  or  political,  as  distinguished  from ecclesiastical; as,
   temporal power; temporal courts.
   Lords  temporal.  See under Lord, n. -- Temporal augment. See the Note
   under Augment, n. Syn. -- Transient; fleeting; transitory.


   Tem"po*ral,  n.  Anything  temporal or secular; a temporality; -- used
   chiefly in the plural. Dryden.

     He  assigns supremacy to the pope in spirituals, and to the emperor
     or temporals. Lowell.


   Tem`po*ral"i*ty  (?),  n.; pl. Temporalities (#). [L. temporalitas, in
   LL., possessions of the church: cf. F. temporalit\'82.]

   1. The state or quality of being temporary; -- opposed to perpetuity.

   2. The laity; temporality. [Obs.] Sir T. More.

   3.  That  which  pertains  to  temporal  welfare;  material interests;
   especially,  the  revenue  of  an  ecclesiastic proceeding from lands,
   tenements,  or  lay fees, tithes, and the like; -- chiefly used in the

     Supreme  head, . . . under God, of the spirituality and temporality
     of the same church. Fuller.


   Tem"po*ral*ly (?), adv. In a temporal manner; secularly. [R.] South.


   Tem"po*ral*ness, n. Worldliness. [R.] Cotgrave.


   Tem"po*ral*ty (?), n. [See Temporality.]

   1. The laity; secular people. [Obs.] Abp. Abbot.

   2. A secular possession; a temporality.


   Tem`po*ra"ne*ous  (?), a. [L. temporaneus happening at the right time,
   fr. tempus, temporis, time.] Temporarity. [Obs.] Hallywell.


   Tem"po*ra*ri*ly (?), adv. In a temporary manner; for a time.


   Tem"po*ra*ri*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state of being temporary; --
   opposed to perpetuity.


   Tem"po*ra*ry  (?), a. [L. temporarius, fr. tempus, temporis, time: cf.
   F.  temporaire.] Lasting for a time only; existing or continuing for a
   limited  time;  not  permanent; as, the patient has obtained temporary

     Temporary government of the city. Motley.

   Temporary star. (Astron.) See under Star.


   Tem"po*rist (?), n. A temporizer. [Obs.]

     Why, turn a temporist, row with the tide. Marston.


   Tem`po*ri*za"tion   (?),   n.  [Cf.  F.  temporisation.]  The  act  of
   temporizing. Johnson.


   Tem"po*rize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Temporized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Temporizing (?).] [F. temporiser. See Temporal of time.]

   1.  To  comply  with  the time or occasion; to humor, or yield to, the
   current  of  opinion  or  circumstances; also, to trim, as between two

     They  might  their  grievance inwardly complain, But outwardly they
     needs must temporize. Daniel.

   2. To delay; to procrastinate. [R.] Bacon.

   3. To comply; to agree. [Obs.] Shak.


   Tem"po*ri`zer  (?), n. One who temporizes; one who yields to the time,
   or  complies  with  the prevailing opinions, fashions, or occasions; a

     A  sort  of temporizers, ready to embrace and maintain all that is,
     or shall be, proposed, in hope of preferment. Burton.


   Tem"po*ri`zing*ly (?), adv. In a temporizing or yielding manner.


   Tem"po*ro-   (?).  A  combining  form  used  in  anatomy  to  indicate
   connection  with,  or  relation  to, the temple, or temporal bone; as,


   Tem`po*ro-au*ric"u*lar  (?),  a.  (Anat.) Of or pertaining to both the
   temple and the ear; as, the temporo-auricular nerve.


   Tem`po*ro*fa"cial  (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to both the temple
   and the face.


   Tem`po*ro*ma"lar  (?),  a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to both the temple
   and the region of the malar bone; as, the temporomalar nerve.


   Tem`po*ro*max"il*la*ry  (?),  a.  (Anat.) Of or pertaining to both the
   temple or the temporal bone and the maxilla.


   Temps  (?),  n. [OF. & F., fr. L. tempus. See Temporal of time.] Time.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Tempse (?), n. See Temse. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   Tempt  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Tempted; p. pr. & vb. n. Tempting.]
   [OE.  tempten,  tenten,  from  OF.  tempter, tenter, F. tenter, fr. L.
   tentare,  temptare,  to handle, feel, attack, to try, put to the test,
   urge,  freq.  from  tendere, tentum, and tensum, to stretch. See Thin,
   and cf. Attempt, Tend, Taunt, Tent a pavilion, Tent to probe.]

   1. To put to trial; to prove; to test; to try.

     God did tempt Abraham. Gen. xxii. 1.

     Ye shall not tempt the Lord your God. Deut. vi. 16.

   2.  To  lead,  or  endeavor  to  lead, into evil; to entice to what is
   wrong; to seduce.

     Every  man  is  tempted  when he is drawn away of his own lust, and
     enticed. James i. 14.

   3.  To  endeavor  to  persuade;  to  induce;  to invite; to incite; to
   provoke; to instigate.

     Tempt not the brave and needy to despair. Dryden.

     Nor tempt the wrath of heaven's avenging Sire. Pope.

   4. To endeavor to accomplish or reach; to attempt.

     Ere leave be given to tempt the nether skies. Dryden.

   Syn. -- To entice; allure; attract; decoy; seduce.


   Tempt`a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  or state of being temptable;
   lability to temptation.


   Tempt"a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable of being tempted; liable to be tempted.


   Temp*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [OF.  temptation,  tentation, F. tentation, L.

   1. The act of tempting, or enticing to evil; seduction.

     When  the  devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him
     for a season. Luke iv. 13.

   2. The state of being tempted, or enticed to evil.

     Lead us not into temptation. Luke xi. 4.

   3.  That  which  tempts;  an  inducement; an allurement, especially to
   something evil.

     Dare  to  be  great,  without  a guilty crown; View it, and lay the
     bright temptation down. Dryden.


   Temp*ta"tion*less,   a.   Having   no  temptation  or  motive;  as,  a
   temptationless sin. [R.] Hammond.


   Temp*ta"tious (?), a. Tempting. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tempt"er  (?), n. One who tempts or entices; especially, Satan, or the
   Devil,  regarded  as the great enticer to evil. "Those who are bent to
   do wickedly will never want tempters to urge them on." Tillotson.

     So glozed the Tempter, and his proem tuned. Milton.


   Tempt"ing,  a.  Adapted  to  entice  or  allure; attractive; alluring;
   seductive;  enticing; as, tempting pleasures. -- Tempt"ing*ly, adv. --
   Tempt"ing*ness, n.


   Tempt"ress (?), n. A woman who entices.

     She was my temptress, the foul provoker. Sir W. Scott.


   Temse  (?),  n.  [F.  tamis,  or D. tems, teems. Cf. Tamine.] A sieve.
   [Written  also tems, and tempse.] [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. Temse bread,
   Temsed  bread,  Temse  loaf,  bread  made  of flour better sifted than
   common fluor. [Prov. Eng.]

                             Temulence, Temulency

   Tem"u*lence  (?),  Tem"u*len*cy (?), n. [L. temulentia.] Intoxication;
   inebriation; drunkenness. [R.] "Their temulency." Jer. Taylor.


   Tem"u*lent (?), a. [L. temulentus.] Intoxicated; drunken. [R.]


   Tem"u*lent*ive  (?),  a. Somewhat temulent; addicted to drink. [R.] R.


   Ten  (?),  a.  [AS. t\'c7n, ti\'82n, t, t\'c7ne; akin to OFries. tian,
   OS.  tehan,  D. tien, G. zehn, OHG. zehan, Icel. t\'c6u, Sw. tio, Dan.
   ti, Goth. ta\'a1hun, Lith. deszimt, Russ. desiate, W. deg, Ir. & Gael.
   deich,  L.  decem,  Gr.  da\'87an. \'fb308. Cf. Dean, Decade, Decimal,
   December,  Eighteen,  Eighty, Teens, Tithe.] One more than nine; twice

     With twice ten sail I crossed the Phrygian Sea. Dryden.

     NOTE: &hand; Te n is  of ten used, indefinitely, for several, many,
     and other like words.

     There  's proud modesty in merit, Averse from begging, and resolved
     to pay Ten times the gift it asks. Dryden.

   Page 1484


   Ten (?), n.

   1.  The number greater by one than nine; the sum of five and five; ten
   units of objects.

     I will not destroy it for ten's sake. Gen. xviii. 32.

   2. A symbol representing ten units, as 10, x, or X.


   Ten`a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  tenable;


   Ten"a*ble (?), a. [F. tenable, fr. tenir to hold, L. tenere. See Thin,
   and  cf.  Continue,  Continent,  Entertain,  Maintain,  Tenant, Tent.]
   Capable  of  being  held,  naintained,  or  defended,  as  against  an
   assailant  or  objector, or againts attempts to take or process; as, a
   tenable fortress, a tenable argument.

     If you have hitherto concealed his sight, Let it be tenable in your
     silence still. Shak.

     I  would  be the last man in the world to give up his cause when it
     was tenable. Sir W. Scott.


   Ten`a*ble*ness, n. Same as Tenability.


   Ten"ace (?), n. [F. tenace tenacious, demeurer tenace to hold the best
   and  third  best  cards  and take both tricks, and adversary having to
   lead.  See  Tenacious.]  (Whist) The holding by the fourth hand of the
   best  and  third  best  cards  of  a  suit  led;  also, sometimes, the
   combination of best with third best card of a suit in any hand.


   Te*na"cious  (?),  a.  [L.  tenax,  -acis,  from  tenere  to hold. See
   Tenable, and cf. Tenace.]

   1.  Holding fast, or inclined to hold fast; inclined to retain what is
   in possession; as, men tenacious of their just rights.

   2. Apt to retain; retentive; as, a tenacious memory.

   3.  Having  parts  apt  to  adhere to each other; cohesive; tough; as,
   steel  is  a  tenacious  metal; tar is more tenacious than oil. Sir I.

   4.  Apt  to adhere to another substance; glutinous; viscous; sticking;
   adhesive.  "Female  feet,  too  weak to struggle with tenacious clay."

   5. Niggardly; closefisted; miserly. Ainsworth.

   6.  Holding  stoutly to one's opinion or purpose; obstinate; stubborn.
   -- Te*na"cious*ly, adv. -- Te*na"cious*ness, n.


   Te*nac"i*ty   (?),  n.  [L.  tenacitas:  cf.  F.  t\'82nacit\'82.  See

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  tenacious;  as,  tenacity,  or
   retentiveness, of memory; tenacity, or persistency, of purpose.

   2.  That  quality  of  bodies  which  keeps  them from parting without
   considerable  force;  cohesiveness;  the  effect  of attraction; -- as
   distinguished from brittleness, fragility, mobility, etc.

   3.  That  quality  of  bodies which makes them adhere to other bodies;
   adhesiveness; viscosity. Holland.

   4.  (Physics)  The  greatest  longitudinal stress a substance can bear
   without tearing asunder, -- usually expressed with reference to a unit
   area  of  the  cross section of the substance, as the number of pounds
   per  square  inch,  or  kilograms  per square centimeter, necessary to
   produce rupture.


   Te*nac"u*lum  (?),  n.; pl. L. Tenacula (#); E. Tenaculums (#). [L., a
   holder,  fr.  tenere  to  hold.  Cf.  Tenaille.] (Surg.) An instrument
   consisting of a fine, sharp hook attached to a handle, and used mainly
   for taking up arteries, and the like.


   Ten"a*cy (?), n. [L. tenacia obstinacy. See Tenacious.] Tenaciousness;
   obstinacy. [Obs.] Barrow.


   Te*naille" (?), n. [F., a pair of pincers or tongs, a tenaille, fr. L.
   tenaculum.  See  Tenaculum.]  (Fort.) An outwork in the main ditch, in
   front of the curtain, between two bastions. See Illust. of Ravelin.


   Te*nail"lon  (?),  n. [F. See Tenaille.] (Fort.) A work constructed on
   each  side  of  the  ravelins,  to  increase  their  strength, procure
   additional  ground  beyond  the  ditch,  or cover the shoulders of the


   Ten"an*cy  (?),  n.;  pl. Tenacies (#). [Cf. OF. tenace, LL. tenentia.
   See  Tenant.]  (Law)  (a)  A holding, or a mode of holding, an estate;
   tenure;  the  temporary possession of what belongs to another. (b) (O.
   Eng.  Law)  A  house  for  habitation,  or  place  to live in, held of
   another. Blount. Blackstone. Wharton.


   Ten"ant  (?),  n. [F. tenant, p.pr. of tenir to hold. See Tenable, and
   cf. Lieutenant.]

   1.  (Law)  One  who holds or possesses lands, or other real estate, by
   any kind of right, whether in fee simple, in common, in severalty, for
   life,  for  years,  or  at  will;  also, one who has the occupation or
   temporary  possession  of  lands or tenements the title of which is in
   another;  --  correlative  to  landlord. See Citation from Blackstone,
   under Tenement, 2. Blount. Wharton.

   2. One who has possession of any place; a dweller; an occupant. "Sweet
   tenants of this grove." Cowper.

     The hhappy tenant of your shade. Cowley.

     The sister tenants of the middle deep. Byron.

   Tenant  in  capite [L. in in + capite, abl. of caput head, chief.], OR
   Tenant  in chief, by the laws of England, one who holds immediately of
   the  king.  According  to  the feudal system, all lands in England are
   considered as held immediately or mediately of the king, who is styled
   lord  paramount.  Such  tenants, however, are considered as having the
   fee  of  the  lands and permanent possession. Blackstone. -- Tenant in
   common. See under Common.


   Ten"ant,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tenanted; p. pr. & vb. n. Tenanting.] To
   hold, occupy, or possess as a tenant.

     Sir  Roger's  estate  is tenanted by persons who have served him or
     his ancestors. Addison.


   Ten"ant*a*ble  (?), a. Fit to be rented; in a condition suitable for a
   tenant. -- Ten"ant*a*ble*ness, n.


   Ten"ant*less,  a.  Having  no  tenants;  unoccupied;  as, a tenantless
   mansion. Shak.


   Ten"ant*ry (?), n.

   1. The body of tenants; as, the tenantry of a manor or a kingdom.

   2. Tenancy. [Obs.] Ridley.

                                  Tenant saw

   Ten"ant saw` (?). See Tenon saw, under Tenon.


   Tench (?), n. [OF. tenche, F. tanche, L. tinca.] (Zo\'94l.) A European
   fresh-water  fish (Tinca tinca, or T. vulgaris) allied to the carp. It
   is noted for its tenacity of life.


   Tend  (?), v. t. [See Tender to offer.] (O. Eng. Law) To make a tender
   of; to offer or tender. [Obs.]


   Tend,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Tended; p. pr. & vb. n. Tending.] [Aphetic
   form  of  attend.  See  Attend,  Tend to move, and cf. Tender one that
   tends or attends.]

   1.  To  accompany  as an assistant or protector; to care for the wants
   of;  to  look  after;  to  watch;  to  guard; as, shepherds tend their
   flocks. Shak.

     And  flaming  ministers  to  watch  and  tend Their earthly charge.

     There  's  not  a sparrow or a wren, There 's not a blade of autumn
     grain,  Which  the  four  seasons do not tend And tides of life and
     increase lend. Emerson.

   2. To be attentive to; to note carefully; to attend to.

     Being  to  descend  A  ladder much in height, I did not tend My way
     well down. Chapman.

   To  tend  a vessel (Naut.), to manage an anchored vessel when the tide
   turns, so that in swinging she shall not entangle the cable.


   Tend, v. i.

   1. To wait, as attendants or servants; to serve; to attend; -- with on
   or upon.

     Was  he  not  companion  with the riotous knights That tend upon my
     father? Shak.

   2. [F. attendre.] To await; to expect. [Obs.] Shak.


   Tend,  v.  i.  [F.  tendre, L. tendere, tensum and tentum, to stretch,
   extend,  direct one's course, tend; akin to Gr. tan. See Thin, and cf.
   Tend  to  attend, Contend, Intense, Ostensible, Portent, Tempt, Tender
   to offer, Tense, a.]

   1. To move in a certain direction; -- usually with to or towards.

     Two gentlemen tending towards that sight. Sir H. Wotton.

     Thus  will this latter, as the former world, Still tend from bad to
     worse. Milton.

     The clouds above me to the white Alps tend. Byron.

   2.  To be directed, as to any end, object, or purpose; to aim; to have
   or  give  a  leaning;  to  exert  activity or influence; to serve as a
   means; to contribute; as, our petitions, if granted, might tend to our

     The  thoughts  of  the  diligent tend only to plenteousness; but of
     every one that is hasty only to want. Prov. xxi. 5.

     The  laws  of  our  religion  tend  to  the  universal happiness of
     mankind. Tillotson.


   Tend"ance (?), n. [See Tend to attend, and cf. Attendance.]

   1. The act of attending or waiting; attendance. [Archaic] Spenser.

     The breath Of her sweet tendance hovering over him. Tennyson.

   2. Persons in attendance; attendants. [Obs.] Shak.


   Tend"ence (?), n. Tendency. [Obs.]


   Tend"en*cy (?), n.; pl. Tendencies (#). [L. tendents, -entis, p.pr. of
   tendere:  cf.  F.  tendance.  See  Tend  to move.] Direction or course
   toward  any  place,  object,  effect,  or  result;  drift;  causal  or
   efficient influence to bring about an effect or result.

     Writings  of  this  kind,  if  conducted  with  candor, have a more
     particular tendency to the good of their country. Addison.

     In   every   experimental  science,  there  is  a  tendency  toward
     perfection. Macaulay.

   Syn. -- Disposition; inclination; proneness; drift; scope; aim.


   Tend"er (?), n. [From Tend to attend. Cf. Attender.]

   1. One who tends; one who takes care of any person or thing; a nurse.

   2.  (Naut.)  A vessel employed to attend other vessels, to supply them
   with provisions and other stores, to convey intelligence, or the like.
   <--  submarine  tender,  a  ship  which provides supplies and logistic
   support to submarines. A specialization of def. 2. -->

   3.  A  car attached to a locomotive, for carrying a supply of fuel and


   Ten"der  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Tendered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tendering.] [F. tendre to stretch, stretch out, reach, L. tendere. See
   Tend to move.]

   1.  (Law) To offer in payment or satisfaction of a demand, in order to
   save  a  penalty  or  forfeiture;  as, to tender the amount of rent or

   2. To offer in words; to present for acceptance.

     You  see how all conditions, how all minds, . . . tender down Their
     services to Lord Timon. Shak.


   Ten"der, n.

   1.  (Law) An offer, either of money to pay a debt, or of service to be
   performed,  in  order  to save a penalty or forfeiture, which would be
   incurred  by nonpayment or nonperformance; as, the tender of rent due,
   or of the amount of a note, with interest.

     NOTE: &hand; To  co nstitute a  le gal te nder, su ch money must be
     offered  as  the  law prescribes. So also the tender must be at the
     time and place where the rent or debt ought to be paid, and it must
     be to the full amount due.

   2.  Any offer or proposal made for acceptance; as, a tender of a loan,
   of service, or of friendship; a tender of a bid for a contract.

     A free, unlimited tender of the gospel. South.

   3.  The  thing  offered;  especially,  money  offered in payment of an
   obligation. Shak. <-- 4. (Finance) An offer to buy a certain number of
   shares of stock of a publicly-traded company at a fixed price, usu. in
   an attempt to gain control of the company. -->
   Legal  tender.  See  under  Legal. -- Tender of issue (Law), a form of
   words  in  a  pleading,  by which a party offers to refer the question
   raised upon it to the appropriate mode of decision. Burrill.


   Ten"der,  a. [Compar. Tenderer (?); superl. Tenderest.] [F. tendre, L.
   tener; probably akin to tenuis thin. See Thin.]

   1.  Easily  impressed,  broken, bruised, or injured; not firm or hard;
   delicate; as, tender plants; tender flesh; tender fruit.

   2. Sensible to impression and pain; easily pained.

     Our   bodies   are  not  naturally  more  tender  than  our  faces.

   3.  Physically  weak; not hardly or able to endure hardship; immature;

     The tender and delicate woman among you. Deut. xxviii. 56.

   4.  Susceptible of the softer passions, as love, compassion, kindness;
   compassionate;  pitiful; anxious for another's good; easily excited to
   pity, forgiveness, or favor; sympathetic.

     The Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy. James v. 11.

     I am choleric by my nature, and tender by my temper. Fuller.

   5. Exciting kind concern; dear; precious.

     I love Valentine, Whose life's as tender to me as my soul! Shak.

   6. Careful to save inviolate, or not to injure; -- with of. "Tender of
   property." Burke.

     The  civil  authority  should  be  tender  of  the honor of God and
     religion. Tillotson.

   7. Unwilling to cause pain; gentle; mild.

     You,  that  are  thus so tender o'er his follies, Will never do him
     good. Shak.

   8.  Adapted  to  excite  feeling or sympathy; expressive of the softer
   passions;  pathetic;  as, tender expressions; tender expostulations; a
   tender strain.

   9.  Apt  to  give  pain; causing grief or pain; delicate; as, a tender
   subject. "Things that are tender and unpleasing." Bacon.

   10.  (Naut.)  Heeling  over  too  easily when under sail; -- said of a

     NOTE: &hand; Te  nder is   so metimes us ed in  th e fo rmation of 
     self-explaining   compounds;   as,  tender-footed,  tender-looking,
     tender-minded, tender-mouthed, and the like.

   Syn.  --  Delicate;  effeminate; soft; sensitive; compassionate; kind;
   humane; merciful; pitiful.


   Ten"der  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. tendre.] Regard; care; kind concern. [Obs.]


   Ten"der,  v.  t.  To  have  a  care of; to be tender toward; hence, to
   regard; to esteem; to value. [Obs.]

     For first, next after life, he tendered her good. Spenser.

     Tender yourself more dearly. Shak.

     To  see  a prince in want would move a miser's charity. Our western
     princes  tendered  his case, which they counted might be their own.


   Ten"der*foot`  (?),  n.  A  delicate  person;  one  not  inured to the
   hardship and rudeness of pioneer life. [Slang, Western U.S.]


   Ten"der-heart`ed  (?),  a.  Having  great  sensibility; susceptible of
   impressions   or   influence;  affectionate;  pitying;  sensitive.  --
   Ten"der-heart`ed*ly, adv. -- Ten"der-heart`ed*ness, n.

     Rehoboam  was  young  and  tender-hearted,  and could not withstand
     them. 2 Chron. xiii. 7.

     Be ye kind one to another, tender-hearted. Eph. iv. 32.


   Ten"der-heft`ed  (?), a. Having great tenderness; easily moved. [Obs.]


   Ten"der*ling (?), n.

   1.  One made tender by too much kindness; a fondling. [R.] W. Harrison

   2. (Zo\'94l.) One of the first antlers of a deer.


   Ten"der*loin`  (?),  n.  A strip of tender flesh on either side of the
   vertebral column under the short ribs, in the hind quarter of beef and
   pork. It consists of the psoas muscles.


   Ten"der*ly,  adv. In a tender manner; with tenderness; mildly; gently;
   softly;  in  a  manner  not  to  injure  or  give  pain;  with pity or
   affection; kindly. Chaucer.


   Ten"der*ness, n. The quality or state of being tender (in any sense of
   the adjective). Syn. -- Benignity; humanity; sensibility; benevolence;
   kindness; pity; clemency; mildness; mercy.


   Ten"di*nous (?), a. [Cf. F. tendineux.]

   1. Pertaining to a tendon; of the nature of tendon.

   2.  Full  of  tendons;  sinewy; as, nervous and tendinous parts of the


   Tend"ment (?), n. Attendance; care. [Obs.]


   Ten"don  (?),  n.  [F., fr. L. tendere to stretch, extend. See Tend to
   move.]  (Anat.)  A  tough  insensible cord, bundle, or band of fibrous
   connective  tissue  uniting  a  muscle  with some other part; a sinew.
   Tendon  reflex  (Physiol.),  a kind of reflex act in which a muscle is
   made to contract by a blow upon its tendon. Its absence is generally a
   sign of disease. See Knee jerk, under Knee.


   Ten"don*ous (?), a. Tendinous.


   Ten`do*syn`o*vi"tis  (?),  n.  [NL.  See  Tendon,  and Synovitis.] See


   Ten"drac  (?),  n. [See Tenrec.] (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species
   of  small  insectivores  of  the  family  Centetid\'91,  belonging  to
   Ericulus, Echinope, and related genera, native of Madagascar. They are
   more  or  less  spinose  and resemble the hedgehog in habits. The rice
   tendrac  (Oryzorictes  hora)  is very injurious to rice crops. Some of
   the species are called also tenrec.


   Ten"dril  (?), n. [Shortened fr. OF. tendrillon, fr. F. tendre tender;
   hence,  properly,  the  tender  branch  or  spring  of a plant: cf. F.
   tendrille.  See  Tender,  a.,  and  cf.  Tendron.]  (Bot.)  A slender,
   leafless  portion  of  a  plant  by  which  it  becomes  attached to a
   supporting  body, after which the tendril usually contracts by coiling

     NOTE: &hand; Te ndrils ma y re present the end of a stem, as in the
     grapevine;  an axillary branch, as in the passion flower; stipules,
     as in the genus Smilax; or the end of a leaf, as in the pea.

   Page 1485


   Ten"dril (?), a. Clasping; climbing as a tendril. [R.] Dyer.

                             Tendriled, Tendrilled

   Ten"driled,  Ten"drilled  (?),  a.  (Bot.) Furnished with tendrils, or
   with  such  or  so  many,  tendrils.  "The  thousand  tendriled vine."


   Ten"dron (?), n. [F. Cf. Tendril.] A tendril. [Obs.] Holland.


   Ten"dry (?), n. A tender; an offer. [Obs.] Heylin.


   Tene (?), n. & v. See 1st and 2d Teen. [Obs.]


   Ten"e*br\'91  (?),  n. [L., pl., darkness.] (R. C. Ch.) The matins and
   lauds  for  the  last  three  days  of  Holy  Week,  commemorating the
   sufferings  and  death  of Christ, -- usually sung on the afternoon or
   evening  of  Wednesday,  Thursday,  and  Friday,  instead  of  on  the
   following days.


   Te*neb"ri*cose`  (?),  a.  [L. tenebricosus.] Tenebrous; dark; gloomy.


   Ten`e*brif"ic  (?),  a.  [L.  tenebrae  darkness  +  facere  to make.]
   Rendering dark or gloomy; tenebrous; gloomy.

     It lightens, it brightens, The tenebrific scene. Burns.

     Where light Lay fitful in a tenebrific time. R. Browning.


   Ten`e*brif"ic*ous (?), a. Tenebrific.

     Authors who are tenebrificous stars. Addison.


   Te*ne"bri*ous (?), a. Tenebrous. Young.


   Ten"e*brose` (?), a. Characterized by darkness or gloom; tenebrous.


   Ten`e*bros"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state of being tenebrous;
   tenebrousness. Burton.


   Ten"e*brous  (?),  a.  [L.  tenebrosus,  fr. tenebrae darkness: cf. F.
   t\'82n\'82breux.]     Dark;     gloomy;    dusky;    tenebrious.    --
   Ten"e*brous*ness, n.

     The most dark, tenebrous night. J. Hall (1565).

     The towering and tenebrous boughts of the cypress. Longfellow.


   Ten"e*ment  (?),  n.  [OF. tenement a holding, a fief, F. t\'8anement,
   LL. tenementum, fr. L. tenere to hold. See Tenant.]

   1.  (Feud.  Law)  That  which  is held of another by service; property
   which  one  holds  of  a  lord  or proprietor in consideration of some
   military or pecuniary service; fief; fee.

   2. (Common Law) Any species of permanent property that may be held, so
   as  to  create a tenancy, as lands, houses, rents, commons, an office,
   an  advowson, a franchise, a right of common, a peerage, and the like;
   -- called also free OR frank tenements.

     The  thing  held is a tenement, the possessor of it a "tenant," and
     the manner of possession is called "tenure." Blackstone.

   3.  A dwelling house; a building for a habitation; also, an apartment,
   or  suite  of rooms, in a building, used by one family; often, a house
   erected to be rented.

   4. Fig.: Dwelling; abode; habitation.

     Who  has  informed us that a rational soul can inhabit no tenement,
     unless it has just such a sort of frontispiece? Locke.

   Tenement  house, commonly, a dwelling house erected for the purpose of
   being  rented,  and  divided into separate apartments or tenements for
   families.  The  term  is often applied to apartment houses occupied by
   poor  families.  Syn.  --  House;  dwelling;  habitation. -- Tenement,
   House.  There  may  be  many  houses  under  one  roof,  but  they are
   completely separated from each other by party walls. A tenement may be
   detached  by  itself, or it may be part of a house divided off for the
   use of a family.


   Ten`e*men"tal (?), a. Of or pertaining to a tenement; capable of being
   held by tenants. Blackstone.


   Ten`e*men"ta*ry  (?),  a.  Capable  of  being leased; held by tenants.


   Ten"ent (?), n. [L. tenent they hold, 3d pers. pl. pres. of tenere.] A
   tenet. [Obs.] Bp. Sanderson.


   Ten"er*al  (?), a. [L. tener, -eris, tender, delicate.] (Zo\'94l.) Of,
   pertaining  to,  or  designating,  a condition assumed by the imago of
   certain  Neuroptera,  after exclusion from the pupa. In this state the
   insect is soft, and has not fully attained its mature coloring.


   Ten`er*iffe"  (?),  n.  A  white wine resembling Madeira in taste, but
   more tart, produced in Teneriffe, one of the Canary Islands; -- called
   also Vidonia.


   Te*ner"i*ty  (?), n. [L. teneritas. See Tender, a.] Tenderness. [Obs.]


   Te*nes"mic  (?), a. (Med.) Of or pertaining to tenesmus; characterized
   by tenesmus.


   Te*nes"mus  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  tenesmos.] (Med.) An urgent and
   distressing sensation, as if a discharge from the intestines must take
   place,  although none can be effected; -- always referred to the lower
   extremity  of  the rectum. Vesical tenesmus, a similar sensation as to
   the evacuation of urine, referred to the region of the bladder.


   Ten"et  (?),  n. [L. tenet he holds, fr. tenere to hold. See Tenable.]
   Any  opinion,  principle,  dogma,  belief, or doctrine, which a person
   holds or maintains as true; as, the tenets of Plato or of Cicero.

     That  al animals of the land are in their kind in the sea, . . . is
     a tenet very questionable. Sir T. Browne.

     The  religious  tenets  of  his  family he had early renounced with
     contempt. Macaulay.

   Syn. -- Dogma; doctrine; opinion; principle; position. See Dogma.


   Ten"fold`  (?), a. & adv. In tens; consisting of ten in one; ten times

     The  grisly  Terror  .  .  . grew tenfold More dreadful and deform.


   Te"ni*a (?), n. [NL.] See T\'91nia.


   Te"ni*oid (?), a. See T\'91noid.


   Ten"nant*ite  (?),  n.  [Named  after  Smithson  Tennant,  an  English
   chemist.]  (Min.)  A  blackish  lead-gray  mineral, closely related to
   tetrahedrite. It is essentially a sulphide of arsenic and copper.


   Ten`n\'82"  (?),  n.  [Cf. Tawny.] (Her.) A tincture, rarely employed,
   which  is  considered  as  an  orange  color  or  bright  brown. It is
   represented  by  diagonal  lines  from  sinister to dexter, crossed by
   vertical lines.


   Ten"nis  (?),  n.  [OE.  tennes,  tenies, tenyse; of uncertain origin,
   perhaps  fr.  F.  tenez  hold  or  take  it,  fr.  tenir  to hold (see
   Tenable).]  A  play  in  which a ball is driven to and fro, or kept in
   motion by striking it with a racket or with the open hand. Shak.

     His  easy  bow,  his good stories, his style of dancing and playing
     tennis, . . . were familiar to all London. Macaulay.

   Court tennis, the old game of tennis as played within walled courts of
   peculiar  construction;  --  distinguished  from  lawn tennis. -- Lawn
   tennis.  See  under  Lawn,  n.  --  Tennis court, a place or court for
   playing the game of tennis. Shak.


   Ten"nis,  v.  t.  To  drive backward and forward, as a ball in playing
   tennis. [R.] Spenser.


   Ten"nu (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The tapir.


   Ten"-o'*clock`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  plant, the star-of-Bethlehem. See
   under Star.


   Ten"on (?), n. [F., fr. tenir to hold. See Tenable.] (Carp. & Join.) A
   projecting member left by cutting away the wood around it, and made to
   insert  into a mortise, and in this way secure together the parts of a
   frame;  especially,  such a member when it passes entirely through the
   thickness  of  the piece in which the mortise is cut, and shows on the
   other  side.  Cf.  Tooth,  Tusk.  Tenon  saw, a saw with a thin blade,
   usually  stiffened  by  a  brass  or  steel  back, for cutting tenons.
   [Corruptly written tenant saw.] Gwilt.


   Ten"on,  v.  t. To cut or fit for insertion into a mortise, as the end
   of a piece of timber.


   Te*no"ni*an  (?),  a.  (Anat.)  Discovered or described by M. Tenon, a
   French anatomist. Tenonian capsule (Anat.), a lymphatic space inclosed
   by  a  delicate  membrane  or fascia (the fascia of Tenon) between the
   eyeball and the fat of the orbit; -- called also capsule of Tenon.
   Ten"or (?), n. [L., from tenere to hold; hence, properly, a holding on
   in  a  continued  course:  cf. F. teneur. See Tenable, and cf. Tenor a
   kind of voice.] 

   1. A state of holding on in a continuous course; manner of continuity;
   constant mode; general tendency; course; career.

     Along  the  cool  sequestered  vale of life They kept the noiseless
     tenor of their away. Gray.

   2.  That  course  of  thought  which holds on through a discourse; the
   general   drift  or  course  of  thought;  purport;  intent;  meaning;

     When it [the bond] is paid according to the tenor. Shak.

     Does  not  the  whole  tenor  of  the divine law positively require
     humility and meekness to all men? Spart.

   3. Stamp; character; nature.

     This  success  would  look  like  chance, if it were perpetual, and
     always of the same tenor. Dryden.

   4.  (Law)  An  exact  copy  of  a  writing, set forth in the words and
   figures of it. It differs from purport, which is only the substance or
   general import of the instrument. Bouvier.

   5.  [F.  t\'82nor, L. tenor, properly, a holding; -- so called because
   the  tenor  was  the voice which took and held the principal part, the
   plain song, air, or tune, to which the other voices supplied a harmony
   above  and  below:  cf.  It. tenore.] (Mus.) (a) The higher of the two
   kinds  of  voices usually belonging to adult males; hence, the part in
   the harmony adapted to this voice; the second of the four parts in the
   scale  of  sounds, reckoning from the base, and originally the air, to
   which  the  other  parts  were  auxillary.  (b) A person who sings the
   tenor, or the instrument that play it.
   Old  Tenor,  New  Tenor, Middle Tenor, different descriptions of paper
   money,   issued   at  different  periods,  by  the  American  colonial
   governments in the last century.


   Ten`o*syn`o*vi"tis   (?),   n.   [NL.,   fr.  Gr.  synovitis.]  (Med.)
   Inflammation of the synovial sheath enveloping a tendon.


   Ten"o*tome (?), n. (Surg.) A slender knife for use in the operation of


   Te*not"o*my  (?), n. [Gr. (Surg.) The division of a tendon, or the act
   of dividing a tendon.


   Ten"pen*ny  (?),  a. Valued or sold at ten pence; as, a tenpenny cake.
   See 2d Penny, n.


   Ten"pen*ny, a. Denoting a size of nails. See 1st Penny.


   Ten"pins (?), n. A game resembling ninepins, but played with ten pins.
   See Ninepins. [U. S.]


   Ten"-pound`er  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A large oceanic fish (Elops saurus)
   found  in the tropical parts of all the oceans. It is used chiefly for


   Ten"rec  (?),  n.  [From  the  native  name:  cf.  F.  tanrac, tanrec,
   tandrec.]  (Zo\'94l.) A small insectivore (Centetes ecaudatus), native
   of  Madagascar,  but  introduced  also into the islands of Bourbon and
   Mauritius;  -- called also tanrec. The name is applied to other allied
   genera. See Tendrac.


   Tense  (?),  n.  [OF.  tens, properly, time, F. temps time, tense. See
   Temporal  of  time,  and  cf. Thing.] (Gram.) One of the forms which a
   verb  takes  by  inflection  or  by  adding  auxiliary words, so as to
   indicate  the  time of the action or event signified; the modification
   which verbs undergo for the indication of time.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e pr imary si mple te nses ar e th ree: those which
     express  time  past,  present,  and  future;  but  these  admit  of
     modifications, which differ in different languages.


   Tense,  a.  [L.  tensus, p.p. of tendere to stretch. See Tend to move,
   and  cf.  Toise.] Stretched tightly; strained to stiffness; rigid; not
   lax; as, a tense fiber.

     The temples were sunk, her forehead was tense, and a fatal paleness
     was upon her. Goldsmith.

   -- Tense"ly, adv. -- Tense"ness, n.


   Ten`si*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being tensible;


   Ten"si*ble  (?), a. [See Tense, a.] Capable of being extended or drawn
   out; ductile; tensible.

     Gold . . . is likewise the most flexible and tensible. Bacon.


   Ten"sile (?), a. [See Tense, a.]

   1. Of or pertaining to extension; as, tensile strength.

   2. Capable of extension; ductile; tensible. Bacon.


   Ten"siled (?), a. Made tensile. [R.]


   Ten*sil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being tensile, or capable
   of  extension;  tensibility;  as, the tensility of the muscles. Dr. H.


   Ten"sion  (?), n. [L. tensio, from tendere, tensum, to stretch: cf. F.
   tension. See Tense, a.]

   1. The act of stretching or straining; the state of being stretched or
   strained  to  stiffness;  the  state  of  being bent strained; as, the
   tension of the muscles, tension of the larynx.

   2.  Fig.:  Extreme  strain  of  mind or excitement of feeling; intense

   3. The degree of stretching to which a wire, cord, piece of timber, or
   the  like,  is  strained by drawing it in the direction of its length;
   strain. Gwilt.

   4.  (Mech.)  The  force by which a part is pulled when forming part of
   any  system  in  equilibrium or in motion; as, the tension of a srting
   supporting a weight equals that weight.

   5.  A  device  for  checking  the  delivery  of the thread in a sewing
   machine, so as to give the stitch the required degree of tightness.

   6.  (Physics) Expansive force; the force with which the particles of a
   body,  as  a  gas,  tend to recede from each other and occupy a larger
   space;  elastic  force;  elasticity;  as,  the  tension  of vapor; the
   tension of air.

   7.  (Elec.)  The  quality  in  consequence of which an electric charge
   tends to discharge itself, as into the air by a spark, or to pass from
   a  body  of  greater to one of less electrical potential. It varies as
   the quantity of electricity upon a given area.
   Tension  brace, OR Tension member (Engin.), a brace or member designed
   to resist tension, or subjected to tension, in a structure. -- Tension
   rod  (Engin.),  an  iron  rod  used  as a tension member to strengthen
   timber or metal framework, roofs, or the like.


   Ten"sioned  (?),  a.  Extended  or drawn out; subjected to tension. "A
   highly tensioned string." Tyndall.


   Ten"si*ty  (?), n. The quality or state of being tense, or strained to
   stiffness; tension; tenseness.


   Ten"sive  (?),  a. [Cf. F. tensif. See Tense, a.] Giving the sensation
   of tension, stiffness, or contraction.

     A tensive pain from distension of the parts. Floyer.


   Ten"sor (?), n. [NL. See Tension.]

   1. (Anat.) A muscle that stretches a part, or renders it tense.

   2.  (Geom.)  The  ratio  of one vector to another in length, no regard
   being  had  to  the direction of the two vectors; -- so called because
   considered as a stretching factor in changing one vector into another.
   See Versor.


   Ten"-strike` (?), n.

   1.  (Tenpins)  A  knocking down of all ten pins at one delivery of the
   ball<-- also, strike-->. [U. S.]

   2. Any quick, decisive stroke or act. [Colloq. U.S.]


   Ten"sure (?), n. [L. tensura. See Tension.] Tension. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Tent  (?), n. [Sp. tinto, properly, deep-colored, fr. L. tinctus, p.p.
   of  tingere to dye. See Tinge, and cf. Tint, Tinto.] A kind of wine of
   a  deep  red color, chiefly from Galicia or Malaga in Spain; -- called
   also tent wine, and tinta.


   Tent, n. [Cf. Attent, n.]

   1. Attention; regard, care. [Obs. or Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Lydgate.

   2. Intention; design. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Tent,  v. t. To attend to; to heed; hence, to guard; to hinder. [Prov.
   Eng. & Scot.] Halliwell.


   Tent,  v.  t.  [OF.  tenter.  See Tempt.] To probe or to search with a
   tent;  to  keep  open  with  a  tent;  as,  to tent a wound. Used also

     I'll tent him to the quick. Shak.


   Tent,  n. [F. tente. See Tent to probe.] (Surg.) (a) A roll of lint or
   linen, or a conical or cylindrical piece of sponge or other absorbent,
   used  chiefly to dilate a natural canal, to keep open the orifice of a
   wound, or to absorb discharges. (b) A probe for searching a wound.

     The tent that searches To the bottom of the worst. Shak.

   Page 1486


   Tent  (?), n. [OE. tente, F. tente, LL. tenta, fr. L. tendere, tentum,
   to stretch. See Tend to move, and cf. Tent a roll of lint.]

   1.  A  pavilion or portable lodge consisting of skins, canvas, or some
   strong cloth, stretched and sustained by poles, -- used for sheltering
   persons from the weather, especially soldiers in camp.

     Within his tent, large as is a barn. Chaucer.

   2. (Her.) The representation of a tent used as a bearing.
   Tent  bed,  a  high-post bedstead curtained with a tentlike canopy. --
   Tent  caterpillar (Zo\'94l.), any one of several species of gregarious
   caterpillars  which  construct  on  trees large silken webs into which
   they retreat when at rest. Some of the species are very destructive to
   fruit  trees.  The  most  common  American  species  is the larva of a
   bombycid   moth   (Clisiocampa   Americana).   Called   also   lackery
   caterpillar, and webworm.


   Tent,  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Tented; p. pr. & vb. n. Tenting.] To lodge
   as a tent; to tabernacle. Shak.

     We 're tenting to-night on the old camp ground. W. Kittredge.


   Ten"ta*cle  (?),  n. [NL. tentaculum, from L. tentare to handle, feel:
   cf.  F.  tentacule.  See  Tempt.]  (Zo\'94l.) A more or less elongated
   process  or  organ,  simple  or  branched, proceeding from the head or
   cephalic  region  of  invertebrate  animals,  being either an organ of
   sense, prehension, or motion. Tentacle sheath (Zo\'94l.), a sheathlike
   structure around the base of the tentacles of many mollusks.


   Ten"ta*cled (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Having tentacles.


   Ten*tac"u*lar   (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  tentaculaire.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Of  or
   pertaining to a tentacle or tentacles.


   Ten*tac`u*la"ta  (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) A division of Ctenophora
   including those which have two long tentacles.

                           Tentaculate, Tentaculated

   Ten*tac"u*late   (?),   Ten*tac"u*la`ted  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having
   tentacles, or organs like tentacles; tentacled.


   Ten`ta*cu*lif"e*ra (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) Same as Suctoria, 1.


   Ten`ta*cu*lif"er*ous   (?),  a.  [Tentaculum  +  -ferous.]  (Zo\'94l.)
   Producing or bearing tentacles.


   Ten`ta*cu"li*form (?), a. (Zo\'94l.)Shaped like a tentacle.


   Ten*tac"u*lite (?), n. (Paleon.) Any one of numerous species of small,
   conical  fossil  shells found in Paleozoic rocks. They are supposed to
   be pteropods.


   Ten*tac"u*lo*cyst  (?),  n. [Tentaculum + cyst.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the
   auditory   organs  of  certain  medus\'91;  --  called  also  auditory


   Ten*tac"u*lum (?), n.; pl. Tentacula (#). [NL. See Tentacle.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) A tentacle.

   2.  (Anat.) One of the stiff hairs situated about the mouth, or on the
   face,  of  many  animals, and supposed to be tactile organs; a tactile


   Tent"age  (?),  n.  [From  Tent a pavilion.] A collection of tents; an
   encampment. [Obs.] Drayton.


   Ten*ta"tion (?), n. [L. tentatio: cf. F. tentation. See Temptation.]

   1. Trial; temptation. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

   2.  (Mech.)  A  mode  of  adjusting or operating by repeated trials or
   experiments. Knight.


   Ten*ta"tive  (?),  a. [L. tentare to try: cf. F. tentatif. See Tempt.]
   Of  or  pertaining  to  a  trial or trials; essaying; experimental. "A
   slow, tentative manner." Carlyle. -- Ten*ta"tive*ly, adv.


   Ten*ta"tive,  n. [Cf. F. tentative.] An essay; a trial; an experiment.


   Tent"ed (?), a. Covered with tents.


   Ten"ter (?), n.

   1.  One  who takes care of, or tends, machines in a factory; a kind of
   assistant foreman.

   2. (Mach.) A kind of governor.


   Ten"ter,   n.  [OE.  tenture,  tentoure,  OF.  tenture  a  stretching,
   spreading,  F. tenture hangings, tapestry, from L. tendere, tentum, to
   stretch. See Tend to move.] A machine or frame for stretching cloth by
   means  of  hooks,  called  tenter-hooks,  so  that it may dry even and
   square.   Tenter  ground,  a  place  where  tenters  are  erected.  --
   Tenter-hook,  a  sharp,  hooked  nail  used  for  fastening cloth on a
   tenter.  -- To be on the tenters, OR on the tenter-hooks, to be on the
   stretch; to be in distress, uneasiness, or suspense. Hudibras.


   Ten"ter, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Tentered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tentering.]
   To admit extension.

     Woolen cloth will tenter, linen scarcely. Bacon.


   Ten"ter, v. t. To hang or stretch on, or as on, tenters.


   Tent"ful  (?), n.; pl. Tentfuls (. As much, or as many, as a tent will


   Tenth  (?),  a. [From Ten: cf. OE. tethe, AS. te\'a2. See Ten, and cf.

   1. Next in order after the ninth; coming after nine others.

   2. Constituting or being one of ten equal parts into which anything is


   Tenth (?), n.

   1. The next in order after the ninth; one coming after nine others.

   2.  The quotient of a unit divided by ten; one of ten equal parts into
   which anything is divided.

   3.  The tenth part of annual produce, income, increase, or the like; a
   tithe. Shak.

   4.  (Mus.)  The  interval between any tone and the tone represented on
   the  tenth  degree  of the staff above it, as between one of the scale
   and three of the octave above; the octave of the third.

   5.  pl.  (Eng.  Law)  (a)  A  temporary  aid  issuing  out of personal
   property,  and  granted  to the king by Parliament; formerly, the real
   tenth  part  of  all the movables belonging to the subject. (b) (Eccl.
   Law)  The  tenth  part  of  the  annual  profit of every living in the
   kingdom,  formerly  paid to the pope, but afterward transferred to the
   crown. It now forms a part of the fund called Queen Anne's Bounty. <--
   (b)  sic.  =  tithe? what kind of "living"?? prob. living, n. 5 = "the
   benefice of a clergyman" --> Burrill.


   Tenth"ly, adv. In a tenth manner.

                            Tenthmeter, Tenthmetre

   Tenth"me`ter,   Tenth"me`tre   (?),   n.  (Physics)  A  unit  for  the
   measurement  of many small lengths, such that 1010 of these units make
   one meter; the ten millionth part of a millimeter.


   Ten`thre*din"i*des  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A group of
   Hymneoptera comprising the sawflies.


   Ten"tif (?), a. Attentive. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ten"tif*ly, adv. Attentively. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ten*tig"i*nous  (?),  a. [L. tentigo, -inis, a tension, lecherousness,
   fr. tendere, tentum, to stretch.]

   1. Stiff; stretched; strained. [Obs.] Johnson.

   2. Lustful, or pertaining to lust. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Tent"mak`er  (?),  n.  One  whose occupation it is to make tents. Acts
   xviii. 3.


   Ten*to"ri*um  (?),  n.  [L., a tent.] (Anat.) A fold of the dura mater
   which  separates the cerebellum from the cerebrum and often incloses a
   process or plate of the skull called the bony tentorium.


   Tent"o*ry  (?),  n. [L. tentorium a tent.] The awning or covering of a
   tent. [Obs.] Evelyn.


   Tent"wort`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  kind of small fern, the wall rue. See
   under Wall.


   Ten"u*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Tenuated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tenuating.]  [L.  tenuatus,  p.p.  of tenuare to make thin, fr. tenuis
   thin. See Tenuous.] To make thin; to attenuate. [R.]


   Ten`u*i*fo"li*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  tenuis thin + folium a leaf.] (Bot.)
   Having thin or narrow leaves.


   Te*nu"i*ous  (?),  a.  [See  Tenuous.]  Rare  or  subtile; tenuous; --
   opposed to dense. [Obs.] Glanvill.


   Ten`u*i*ros"ter  (?),  n.;  pl.  Tenuirosters (#). [NL., fr. L. tenuis
   thin + rostrum a beak.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the Tenuirostres.


   Ten`u*i*ros"tral  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Thin-billed; -- applied to birds
   with a slender bill, as the humming birds.


   Ten`u*i*ros"tres  (?),  n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) An artificial group of
   passerine birds having slender bills, as the humming birds.


   Ten"u*is  (?), n.; pl. Tenues (#). [NL., fr. L. tenuis fine, thin. See
   Tenuous.]  (Gr.  Gram.)  One  of  the  three surd mutes k, p, t; -- so
   called  in relation to their respective middle letters, or medials, g,
   b,  d,  and their aspirates, x, f, th. The term is also applied to the
   corresponding letters and articulate elements in other languages.


   Te*nu"i*ty   (?),   n.   [L.   tenuitas,  from  tenuis  thin:  cf.  F.
   t\'82nuit\'82. See Tenuous.]

   1. The quality or state of being tenuous; thinness, applied to a broad
   substance;  slenderness,  applied  to  anything  that is long; as, the
   tenuity of a leaf; the tenuity of a hair.

   2.  Rarily;  rareness; thinness, as of a fluid; as, the tenuity of the
   air; the tenuity of the blood. Bacon.

   3. Poverty; indigence. [Obs.] Eikon Basilike.

   4. Refinement; delicacy.


   Ten"u*ous (?), a. [L. tenuis thin. See Thin, and cf. Tenuis.]

   1. Thin; slender; small; minute.

   2.  Rare;  subtile;  not dense; -- said of fluids. <-- 3. Fig. Lacking
   substance, as a tenuous argument. -->


   Ten"ure  (?),  n.  [F.  tenure, OF. teneure, fr. F. tenir to hold. See

   1. The act or right of holding, as property, especially real estate.

     That  the  tenure of estates might rest on equity, the Indian title
     to lands was in all cases to be quieted. Bancroft.

   2. (Eng. Law) The manner of holding lands and tenements of a superior.

     NOTE: &hand; Te nure is  in separable fr om the idea of property in
     land,  according to the theory of the English law; and this idea of
     tenure pervades, to a considerable extent, the law of real property
     in  the  United  States,  where  the  title  to land is essentially
     allodial,  and  almost  all  lands are held in fee simple, not of a
     superior,  but  the  whole  right  and  title to the property being
     vested  in  the  owner. Tenure, in general, then, is the particular
     manner  of holding real estate, as by exclusive title or ownership,
     by  fee simple, by fee tail, by courtesy, in dower, by copyhold, by
     lease, at will, etc.

   3. The consideration, condition, or service which the occupier of land
   gives to his lord or superior for the use of his land.

   4.  Manner  of  holding,  in general; as, in absolute governments, men
   hold their rights by a precarious tenure.

     All  that  seems  thine  own, Held by the tenure of his will alone.

   Tenure by fee alms. (Law) See Frankalmoigne.


   Te`o*cal"li  (?),  n.;  pl. Teocallis (#). [Mexican.] Literally, God's
   house;  a temple, usually of pyramidal form, such as were built by the
   aborigines of Mexico, Yucatan, etc.

     And Aztec priests upon their teocallis Beat the wild war-drums made
     of serpent's skin. Longfellow.


   Te`o*sin"te  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  large  grass (Euchl\'91na luxurians)
   closely  related to maize. It is native of Mexico and Central America,
   but  is now cultivated for fodder in the Southern United States and in
   many warm countries. Called also Guatemala grass.


   Tep"al (?), n. [F. t\'82pale, fr. p\'82tale, by transposition.] (Bot.)
   A division of a perianth. [R.]


   Tep*ee" (?), n. An Indian wigwam or tent.<-- also teepee -->


   Tep`e*fac"tion (?), n. Act of tepefying.


   Tep"e*fy  (?),  v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Tepefied (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tepefying  (?).]  [L. tepere to be tepid + -fy; cf. L. tepefacere. See
   Tepid.] To make or become tepid, or moderately warm. Goldsmith.


   Teph"ra*man`cy  (?),  n.  [Gr. -mancy.] Divination by the ashes of the
   altar on which a victim had been consumed in sacrifice.


   Teph"rite  (?), n. [Gr. (Geol.) An igneous rock consisting essentially
   of plagioclase and either leucite or nephelite, or both.


   Teph"ro*ite (?), n. [See Tephrosia.] (Min.) A silicate of manganese of
   an ash-gray color.


   Te*phro"si*a  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Bot.)  A genus of leguminous
   shrubby  plants  and  herbs, mostly found in tropical countries, a few
   herbaceous   species  being  North  American.  The  foliage  is  often
   ashy-pubescent, whence the name.

     NOTE: &hand; The Tephrosia toxicaria is used in the West Indies and
     in  Polynesia  for stupefying fish. T. purpurea is used medicinally
     in  the  East  Indies.  T. Virginia is the goat's rue of the United


   Tep"id (?), a. [L. tepidus, fr. tepere to be warm; akin to Skr. tap to
   be  warm,  tapas  heat.]  Moderately warm; lukewarm; as, a tepid bath;
   tepid rays; tepid vapors. -- Tep"id*ness, n.


   Te*pid"i*ty  (?),  n. [Cf. F. t\'82pidit\'82.] The quality or state of
   being tepid; moderate warmth; lukewarmness; tepidness. Jer. Taylor.


   Te"por  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr. tepere to be tepid.] Gentle heat; moderate
   warmth; tepidness. Arbuthnot.


   Te*qui"la  (?),  n. An intoxicating liquor made from the maguey in the
   district of Tequila, Mexico.


   Ter- (?). A combining form from L. ter signifying three times, thrice.
   See Tri-, 2.


   Ter`a*con"ic (?), a. [Terebic + citraconic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or
   designating, an acid obtained by the distillation of terebic acid, and
   homologous with citraconic acid.


   Ter`a*cryl"ic  (?), a. [Terpene + acrylic.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to,
   or  designating,  an  acid  of  the  acrylic  series,  obtained by the
   distillation  of  terpenylic  acid,  as  an  only  substance  having a
   peculiar cheesy odor.


   Ter"aph (?), n.; pl. Teraphs (. See Teraphim.


   Ter"a*phim  (?),  n.  pl. [Heb. ter\'beph\'c6m.] Images connected with
   the magical rites used by those Israelites who added corrupt practices
   to the patriarchal religion. Teraphim were consulted by the Israelites
   for oracular answers. Dr. W. Smith (Bib. Dict.).


   Ter"a*pin (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Terrapin.


   Te*rat"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Wonderful;  ominous;  prodigious. [Obs.]


   Ter`a*tog"e*ny (?), n. [Gr. (Med.) The formation of monsters.


   Ter"a*toid  (?),  a.  [Gr. -oid.] Resembling a monster; abnormal; of a
   pathological  growth,  exceedingly  complex or highly organized. S. D.


   Ter`a*to*log"ic*al (?), a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to teratology; as,
   teratological changes.


   Ter`a*tol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. -logy: cf. Gr. t\'82ratologie.]

   1.  That  branch  of biological science which treats of monstrosities,
   malformations, or deviations from the normal type of structure, either
   in plants or animals.

   2. Affectation of sublimity; bombast. [Obs.] Bailey.


   Ter`a*to"ma  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. -oma.] (Med.) A tumor, sometimes
   found  in newborn children, which is made up of a heterigenous mixture
   of tissues, as of bone, cartilage and muscle.


   Ter"bic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Of, pertaining to, or containing, terbium;
   also, designating certain of its compounds.


   Ter"bi*um (?), n. [NL., fr. Ytterby, in Sweden. See Erbium.] (Chem.) A
   rare  metallic element, of uncertain identification, supposed to exist
   in  certain  minerals,  as  gadolinite and samarskite, with other rare
   ytterbium earth. Symbol Tr or Tb. Atomic weight 150.


   Terce (?), n. See Tierce.


   Ter"cel (?), n. See Tiercel. Called also tarsel, tassel. Chaucer.


   Terce"let  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  male  hawk  or eagle; a tiercelet.


   Ter"cel*lene (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A small male hawk. [R.] Sir T. Browne.


   Ter*cen"te*na*ry (?), a. [L. ter thirce + E. centenary.] Including, or
   relating  to,  an  interval  of  three  hundred years. -- n. The three
   hundredth  anniversary  of  any  event; also, a celebration of such an


   Ter"cet  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  It.  terzetto,  dim. of terzo, third, L.
   tertius. See Tierce, and cf. Terzetto.]

   1. (Mus.) A triplet. Hiles.

   2. (Poetry) A triplet; a group of three lines.


   Ter"cine  (?),  n.  [F., from L. tertius the third.] (Bot.) A cellular
   layer  derived from the nucleus of an ovule and surrounding the embryo
   sac. Cf. Quintine.


   Ter"e*bate (?), n. A salt of terebic acid.


   Ter"e*bene  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  polymeric  modification  of terpene,
   obtained  as a white crystalline camphorlike substance; -- called also
   camphene. By extension, any one of a group of related substances.

   Page 1487


   Ter`e*ben"thene (?), n. (Chem.) Oil of turpentine. See Turpentine.


   Te*reb"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, terbenthene
   (oil  of  turpentine);  specifically,  designating  an  acid, C7H10O4,
   obtained  by the oxidation of terbenthene with nitric acid, as a white
   crystalline substance.


   Ter`e*bi*len"ic  (?),  a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a
   complex  acid,  C7H8O4, obtained as a white crystalline substance by a
   modified oxidation of terebic acid.


   Ter"e*binth   (?),   n.  [L.  terbinthus,  Gr.  t\'82r\'82binthe.  Cf.
   Turpentine.] (Bot.) The turpentine tree.


   Ter`e*bin"thic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  turpentine;
   resembling turpentine; terbinthine; as, terbinthic qualities.


   Ter`e*bin"thi*nate   (?),   a.  Impregnating  with  the  qualities  of
   turpentine; terbinthine.


   Ter`e*bin"thine  (?),  a.  [L.  terbinthinus,  Gr. Of or pertaining to
   turpentine; consisting of turpentine, or partaking of its qualities.


   Ter"e*bra  (?),  n.;  pl.  E.  Terebras (#), L. Terebr\'91 (#). [L., a

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus  of marine gastropods having a long, tapering
   spire. They belong to the Toxoglossa. Called also auger shell.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The boring ovipositor of a hymenopterous insect.


   Ter"e*brant  (?),  a. [L. terebrans, -antis, p.pr.] (Zo\'94l.) Boring,
   or  adapted  for  boring;  --  said  of  certain  Hymenoptera,  as the


   Ter`e*bran"ti*a (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) A division of Hymenoptera
   including  those  which  have  an  ovipositor  adapted for perforating
   plants. It includes the sawflies.


   Ter"e*brate (?), v. t. [L. terebratus, p.p. of terebrare, from terebra
   a borer, terere to rub.] To perforate; to bore; to pierce. [R.] Sir T.


   Ter"e*bra`ting (?), a.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.) Boring; perforating; -- applied to molluskas which form
   holes in rocks, wood, etc.

   2.  (Med.)  Boring;  piercing;  --  applied  to certain kinds of pain,
   especially to those of locomotor ataxia.


   Ter`e*bra"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  terebratio.] The act of terebrating, or
   boring. [R.] Bacon.


   Ter`e*brat"u*la  (?),  n.;  pl.  Terebratul\'91  (#).  [Nl.,  dim. fr.
   terebratus, p.p., perforated.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of brachiopods which
   includes  many  living and some fossil species. The larger valve has a
   perforated   beak,   through  which  projects  a  short  peduncle  for
   attachment. Called also lamp shell.


   Ter`e*brat"u*lid  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  species of Terebratula or
   allied genera. Used also adjectively.


   Ter`e*bra*tu"li*form  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Having the general form of a
   terebratula shell.


   Ter"e*dine  (?),  n.  [F.  t\'82r\'82dine.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  borer; the


   Te*re"do  (?),  n.;  pl. E. Teredos (#), L. Teredines (#). [L., a worm
   that gnaws wood, clothes, etc.; akin to Gr. terere to rub.] (Zo\'94l.)
   A  genus  of  long, slender, wormlike bivalve mollusks which bore into
   submerged  wood, such as the piles of wharves, bottoms of ships, etc.;
   -- called also shipworm. See Shipworm. See Illust. in App.


   Ter*eph"tha*late (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of terephthalic acid.


   Ter`eph*thal"ic  (?), a. [Terebene + phthalic.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining
   to,  or  designating, a dibasic acid of the aromatic series, metameric
   with  phthalic  acid,  and  obtained, as a tasteless white crystalline
   powder,  by  the  oxidation  of  oil  of  turpentine;  --  called also
   paraphthalic acid. Cf. Phthalic.


   Ter"et (?), a. Round; terete. [Obs.] Fotherby.


   Te*rete"  (?), a. [L. teres, -etis, rounded off, properly, rubbed off,
   fr.  terere  to  rub.] Cylindrical and slightly tapering; columnar, as
   some stems of plants.


   Te*re"tial  (?),  a.  [See  Terete.] (Anat.) Rounded; as, the teretial
   tracts  in  the  floor  of  the  fourth ventricle of the brain of some
   fishes. Owen.


   Ter"e*tous (?), a. Terete. [Obs.]


   Ter"gal  (?),  a.  [L.  tergum  the  back.]  (Anat.  & Zo\'94l.) Of or
   pertaining to back, or tergum. See Dorsal.


   Ter"gant  (?),  a.  (Her.)  Showing  the  back; as, the eagle tergant.
   [Written also tergiant.]

                            Tergeminal, Tergeminate

   Ter*gem"i*nal  (?),  Ter*gem"i*nate  (?), a. [See Tergeminous.] (Bot.)
   Thrice twin; having three pairs of leaflets.


   Ter*gem"i*nous (?), a. [L. tergeminus; ter thrice + geminus doubled at
   birth, twin-born. Cf. Trigeminous.] Threefold; thrice-paired. Blount.


   Ter*gif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  tergum the back + -ferous.] Carrying or
   bearing  upon  the  back. Tergiferous plants (Bot.), plants which bear
   their seeds on the back of their leaves, as ferns.


   Ter"gite  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The dorsal portion of an arthromere or
   somite of an articulate animal. See Illust. under Coleoptera.


   Ter"gi*ver*sate  (?), v. i. [L. tergiversatus, p.p. of tergiversari to
   turn  one's back, to shift; tergum back + versare, freq. of vertere to
   turn.  See  Verse.] To shift; to practice evasion; to use subterfuges;
   to shuffle. [R.] Bailey.


   Ter`gi*ver*sa"tion (?), n. [L. tergiversario: cf. F. tergiversation.]

   1. The act of tergiversating; a shifting; shift; subterfuge; evasion.

     Writing  is  to  be  preferred  before verbal conferences, as being
     freer from passions and tergiversations. Abp. Bramhall.

   2. Fickleness of conduct; inconstancy; change.

     The  colonel,  after  all his tergiversations, lost his life in the
     king's service. Clarendon.


   Ter"gi*ver*sa`tor (?), n. [L.] One who tergiversates; one who suffles,
   or practices evasion.


   Ter"gum  (?),  n.;  pl.  Terga (#). [L., the back.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) The
   back  of  an animal. (b) The dorsal piece of a somite of an articulate
   animal. (c) One of the dorsal plates of the operculum of a cirriped.


   Te"rin (?), n. [F. tarin, Prov. F. tairin, t\'82rin, probably from the
   Picard  t\'8are  tender.] (Zo\'94l.) A small yellow singing bird, with
   an ash-colored head; the European siskin. Called also tarin.


   Term  (?), n. [F. terme, L. termen, -inis, terminus, a boundary limit,
   end;   akin  to  Gr.  Thrum  a  tuft,  and  cf.  Terminus,  Determine,

   1.  That which limits the extent of anything; limit; extremity; bound;

     Corruption  is  a  reciprocal  to  generation,  and they two are as
     nature's two terms, or boundaries. Bacon.

   2.  The time for which anything lasts; any limited time; as, a term of
   five years; the term of life.

   3. In universities, schools, etc., a definite continuous period during
   which  instruction is regularly given to students; as, the school year
   is divided into three terms.

   4.  (Geom.)  A point, line, or superficies, that limits; as, a line is
   the term of a superficies, and a superficies is the term of a solid.

   5.  (Law)  A  fixed period of time; a prescribed duration; as: (a) The
   limitation of an estate; or rather, the whole time for which an estate
   is  granted,  as  for  the  term  of a life or lives, or for a term of
   years.  (b)  A  space  of time granted to a debtor for discharging his
   obligation.  (c)  The time in which a court is held or is open for the
   trial of causes. Bouvier.

     NOTE: &hand; In  En gland, th ere we re fo rmerly four terms in the
     year,  during  which  the  superior  courts were open: Hilary term,
     beginning  on  the  11th  and ending on the 31st of January; Easter
     term, beginning on the 15th of April, and ending on the 8th of May;
     Trinity  term,  beginning  on the 22d day of May, and ending on the
     12th  of  June;  Michaelmas term, beginning on the 2d and ending on
     the 25th day of November. The rest of the year was called vacation.
     But  this division has been practically abolished by the Judicature
     Acts   of  1873,  1875,  which  provide  for  the  more  convenient
     arrangement  of  the terms and vacations. In the United States, the
     terms  to be observed by the tribunals of justice are prescribed by
     the statutes of Congress and of the several States.

   6.  (Logic)  The subject or the predicate of a proposition; one of the
   three component parts of a syllogism, each one of which is used twice.

     The  subject  and  predicate of a proposition are, after Aristotle,
     together called its terms or extremes. Sir W. Hamilton.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e pr edicate of  the conclusion is called the major
     term,  because  it  is  the  most  general,  and the subject of the
     conclusion  is  called  the minor term, because it is less general.
     These  are called the extermes; and the third term, introduced as a
     common  measure  between  them,  is called the mean or middle term.
     Thus in the following syllogism, -- Every vegetable is combustible;
     Every  tree  is a vegetable; Therefore every tree is combustible, -
     combustible,  the  predicate  of the conclusion, is the major term;
     tree is the minor term; vegetable is the middle term.

   7.  A  word  or  expression;  specifically,  one  that has a precisely
   limited  meaning  in  certain  relations and uses, or is peculiar to a
   science,  art,  profession,  or the like; as, a technical term. "Terms
   quaint of law." Chaucer.

     In  painting, the greatest beauties can not always be expressed for
     want of terms. Dryden.

   8.  (Arch.)  A quadrangular pillar, adorned on the top with the figure
   of  a  head,  as  of  a  man, woman, or satyr; -- called also terminal
   figure. See Terminus, n., 2 and 3.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e pi llar pa rt fr equently ta pers downward, or is
     narrowest  at  the base. Terms rudely carved were formerly used for
     landmarks or boundaries. Gwilt.

   9.  (Alg.) A member of a compound quantity; as, a or b in a + b; ab or
   cd in ab - cd.

   10. pl. (Med.) The menses.

   11.  pl.  (Law) Propositions or promises, as in contracts, which, when
   assented  to  or accepted by another, settle the contract and bind the
   parties; conditions.

   12. (Law) In Scotland, the time fixed for the payment of rents.

     NOTE: &hand; Terms legal and conventional in Scotland correspond to
     quarter  days  in England and Ireland. There are two legal terms --
     Whitsunday,  May  15,  and Martinmas, Nov. 11; and two conventional
     terms -- Candlemas, Feb. 2, and Lammas day, Aug. 1. Mozley & W.

   13.  (Naut.)  A  piece  of  carved  work  placed under each end of the
   taffrail. J. Knowels.
   In term, in set terms; in formal phrase. [Obs.]

     I can not speak in term. Chaucer.

   --  Term  fee (Law) (a), a fee by the term, chargeable to a suitor, or
   by  law fixed and taxable in the costs of a cause for each or any term
   it  is in court. -- Terms of a proportion (Math.), the four members of
   which  it is composed. -- To bring to terms, to compel (one) to agree,
   assent,  or submit; to force (one) to come to terms. -- To make terms,
   to  come  to  terms;  to  make  an agreement: to agree. Syn. -- Limit;
   bound;  boundary;  condition;  stipulation; word; expression. -- Term,
   Word.  These  are  more  frequently interchanged than almost any other
   vocables  that  occur of the language. There is, however, a difference
   between  them  which is worthy of being kept in mind. Word is generic;
   it denotes an utterance which represents or expresses our thoughts and
   feelings.  Term originally denoted one of the two essential members of
   a  proposition  in  logic,  and  hence  signifies  a  word of specific
   meaning,  and  applicable to a definite class of objects. Thus, we may
   speak  of  a  scientific or a technical term, and of stating things in
   distinct  terms.  Thus  we  say,  "the term minister literally denotes
   servant;"  "an  exact definition of terms is essential to clearness of
   thought;"   "no   term   of   reproach  can  sufficiently  express  my
   indignation;" "every art has its peculiar and distinctive terms," etc.
   So  also  we say, "purity of style depends on the choice of words, and
   precision  of  style on a clear understanding of the terms used." Term
   is  chiefly  applied  to  verbs,  nouns,  and  adjectives, these being
   capable   of  standing  as  terms  in  a  logical  proposition;  while
   prepositions  and  conjunctions,  which  can never be so employed, are
   rarely spoken of as terms, but simply as words.


   Term  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Termed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Terming.]
   [See  Term,  n.,  and  cf. Terminate.] To apply a term to; to name; to
   call; to denominate.

     Men  term  what  is  beyond  the  limits of the universe "imaginary
     space." Locke.


   Ter"ma (?), n. [NL. See Term, n.] (Anat.) The terminal lamina, or thin
   ventral  part,  of  the  anterior  wall  of the third ventricle of the
   brain. B. G. Wilder.


   Ter"ma*gan*cy  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being termagant;
   turbulence; tumultuousness; as, a violent termagancy of temper.


   Ter"ma*gant (?), n. [OE. Trivigant, Termagant, Termagant (in sense 1),
   OF. Tervagan; cf. It. Trivigante.]

   1.  An  imaginary  being supposed by the Christians to be a Mohammedan
   deity  or  false  god.  He  is  represented in the ancient moralities,
   farces, and puppet shows as extremely vociferous and tumultous. [Obs.]
   Chaucer.  "And  oftentimes  by Termagant and Mahound [Mahomet] swore."

     The lesser part on Christ believed well, On Termagant the more, and
     on Mahound. Fairfax.

   2.  A  boisterous,  brawling, turbulent person; -- formerly applied to
   both sexes, now only to women.

     This terrible termagant, this Nero, this Pharaoh. Bale (1543).

     The slave of an imperious and reckless termagant. Macaulay.


   Ter"ma*gant,    a.   Tumultuous;   turbulent;   boisterous;   furious;
   quarrelsome; scolding. -- Ter"ma*gant*ly, adv.

     A termagant, imperious, prodigal, profligate wench. Arbuthnot.


   Ter`ma*ta"ri*um  (?),  n.  [NL.  See  Termes.]  (Zo\'94l.) Any nest or
   dwelling of termes, or white ants.


   Ter"ma*ta*ry (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Termatarium.


   Term"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who  resorted to London during the law term only, in order to
   practice  tricks,  to carry on intrigues, or the like. [Obs.] [Written
   also termor.] B. Jonson.

   2. (Law) One who has an estate for a term of years or for life.


   Ter"mes  (?),  n.;  pl.  Termities  (#).  [L. termes, tarmes, -itis, a
   woodworm.   Cf.  Termite.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus  of  Pseudoneuroptera
   including the white ants, or termites. See Termite.


   Ter"mi*na*ble  (?), a. [See Terminate.] Capable of being terminated or
   bounded;  limitable.  -- Ter"mi*na*ble*ness, n. Terminable annuity, an
   annuity  for a stated, definite number of years; -- distinguished from
   life annuity, and perpetual annuity.
   Ter"mi*nal (?), a. [L. terminals: cf. F. terminal. See Term, n.]
   1.  Of  or  pertaining to the end or extremity; forming the extremity;
   as, a terminal edge.
   2.  (Bot.)  Growing at the end of a branch or stem; terminating; as, a
   terminal bud, flower, or spike.
   Terminal  moraine. See the Note under Moraine. -- Terminal statue. See
   Terminus, n., 2 and 3. -- Terminal velocity. (a) The velocity acquired
   at the end of a body's motion. (b) The limit toward which the velocity
   of a body approaches, as of a body falling through the air.


   Ter"mi*nal, n.

   1. That which terminates or ends; termination; extremity.

   2.  (Eccl.)  Either  of  the  ends  of  the  conducting  circuit of an
   electrical  apparatus,  as  an inductorium, dynamo, or electric motor,
   usually  provided  with  binding screws for the attachment of wires by
   which  a current may be conveyed into or from the machine; a pole. <--
   3. (a) The station at either end of a line used by a carrier (as a bus
   line  or  railroad)  for  transporting  freight or passengers; also, a
   station  on  such  a  line  which serves a large area. (b) The city in
   which the terminal is located. bus terminal, a station where passenger
   buses  start  or  end  a  trip.  freight terminal, a terminal used for
   loading or unloading of freight. -->


   Ter`mi*na"li*a  (?),  n.  pl. [L.] (Rom. Antiq.) A festival celebrated
   annually by the Romans on February 23 in honor of Terminus, the god of


   Ter"mi*nant  (?),  n. [L. terminans, p.pr. of terminare.] Termination;
   ending. [R.] Puttenham.


   Ter"mi*nate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Terminated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Terminating.] [L. terminatus, p.p. of terminare. See Term.]

   1. To set a term or limit to; to form the extreme point or side of; to
   bound; to limit; as, to terminate a surface by a line.

   2.  To put an end to; to make to cease; as, to terminate an effort, or
   a controversy.

   3.  Hence,  to  put the finishing touch to; to bring to completion; to

     During  this  interval  of calm and prosperity, he [Michael Angelo]
     terminated  two  figures  of  slaves,  destined for the tomb, in an
     incomparable style of art. J. S. Harford.

   Page 1488


   Ter"mi*nate (?), v. i.

   1. To be limited in space by a point, line, or surface; to stop short;
   to end; to cease; as, the torrid zone terminates at the tropics.

   2. To come to a limit in time; to end; to close.

     The  wisdom  of  this world, its designs and efficacy, terminate on
     zhis side heaven. South.


   Ter`mi*na"tion (?), n. [L. terminatio a bounding, fixing, determining:
   cf. F. terminasion, OF. also termination. See Term.]

   1.  The  act of terminating, or of limiting or setting bounds; the act
   of ending or concluding; as, a voluntary termination of hostilities.

   2.  That  which  ends or bounds; limit in space or extent; bound; end;
   as, the termination of a line.

   3.  End  in  time or existence; as, the termination of the year, or of
   life; the termination of happiness.

   4. End; conclusion; result. Hallam.

   5. Last purpose of design. [R.]

   6. A word; a term. [R. & Obs.] Shak.

   7.  (Gram.) The ending of a word; a final syllable or letter; the part
   added to a stem in inflection.


   Ter`mi*na"tion*al  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to termination; forming a


   Ter"mi*na*tive  (?),  a. Tending or serving to terminate; terminating;
   determining;  definitive.  Bp.  Rust.  -- Ter"mi*na*tive*ly, adv. Jer.


   Ter"mi*na`tor (?), n. [L., he who limits or sets bounds.]

   1. One who, or that which, terminates.

   2.  (Astron.)  The  dividing  line  between  the  illuminated  and the
   unilluminated   part   of   the   moon.  <--  The  Terminator.  Arnold
   Schwarzenegger. -->


   Ter"mi*na*to*ry (?), a. Terminative.


   Ter"mine (?), v. t. [Cf. F. terminer.] To terminate. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Ter"mi*ner  (?), n. [F. terminer to bound, limit, end. See Terminate.]
   (Law) A determining; as, in oyer and terminer. See Oyer.


   Ter"mi*nism (?), n. The doctrine held by the Terminists.


   Ter"mi*nist  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. terministe.] (Theol.) One of a class of
   theologians  who  maintain  that  God has fixed a certain term for the
   probation  of  individual persons, during which period, and no longer,
   they have the offer to grace. Murdock.


   Ter`mi*no*log"ic*al  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  terminology. --
   Ter`mi*no*log"ic*al*ly, adv.


   Ter`mi*nol"o*gy   (?),   n.   [L.   terminus  term  +  -logy:  cf.  F.

   1.  The  doctrine  of  terms;  a  theory  of  terms or appellations; a
   treatise on terms.

   2. The terms actually used in any business, art, science, or the like;
   nomenclature; technical terms; as, the terminology of chemistry.

     The  barbarous  effect  produced by a German structure of sentence,
     and a terminology altogether new. De Quincey.


   Ter"mi*nus (?), n.; pl. Termini (#). [L. See Term.]

   1. Literally, a boundary; a border; a limit.

   2.  (Myth.)  The  Roman  divinity  who presided over boundaries, whose
   statue  was  properly a short pillar terminating in the bust of a man,
   woman,  satyr,  or the like, but often merely a post or stone stuck in
   the ground on a boundary line.

   3. Hence, any post or stone marking a boundary; a term. See Term, 8.

   4. Either end of a railroad line; also, the station house, or the town
   or city, at that place.


   Ter"mite  (?),  n.;  pl. Termites (#). [F. See Termes.] (Zo\'94l.) Any
   one  of  numerous  species  of pseudoneoropterous insects belonging to
   Termes  and  allied  genera;  -- called also white ant. See Illust. of
   White ant.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ey are very abundant in tropical countries, and are
     noted  for  their  destructive  habits,  their  large  nests, their
     remarkable  social instincts, and their division of labor among the
     polymorphic  individuals  of  several  kinds. Besides the males and
     females,   each   nest   has  ordinary  workers,  and  large-headed
     individuals called soldiers.


   Term"less (?), a.

   1. Having no term or end; unlimited; boundless; unending; as, termless
   time. [R.] "Termless joys." Sir W. Raleigh.

   2. Inexpressible; indescribable. [R.] Shak.


   Term"ly (?), a. Occurring every term; as, a termly fee. [R.] Bacon.


   Term"ly,  adv.  Term  by  term;  every term. [R.] "Fees . . . that are
   termly given." Bacon.


   Ter`mo*nol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. -logy.] Terminology. [R.]


   Term"or (?), n. (Law) Same as Termer, 2.


   Tern  (?), n. [Dan. terne, t\'91rne; akin to Sw. t\'84rna, Icel. ; cf.
   NL.  sterna.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one of numerous species of long-winged
   aquatic  birds,  allied  to  the  gulls,  and  belonging to Sterna and
   various allied genera.

     NOTE: &hand; Te rns di ffer fr om gu lls ch iefly in their graceful
     form,  in  their  weaker and more slender bills and feet, and their
     longer  and more pointed wings. The tail is usually forked. Most of
     the  species are white with the back and wings pale gray, and often
     with  a  dark  head.  The  common European tern (Sterna hirundo) is
     found  also  in  Asia and America. Among other American species are
     the  arctic tern (S. paradis\'91a), the roseate tern (S. Dougalli),
     the least tern (S. Antillarum), the royal tern (S. maxima), and the
     sooty tern (S. fuliginosa).

   Hooded  tern.  See Fairy bird, under Fairy. -- Marsh tern, any tern of
   the  genus  Hydrochelidon.  They  frequent marshes and rivers and feed
   largely upon insects. -- River tern, any tern belonging to Se\'89na or
   allied  genera  which  frequent  rivers.  -- Sea tern, any tern of the
   genus  Thalasseus.  Terns of this genus have very long, pointed wings,
   and chiefly frequent seas and the mouths of large rivers.


   Tern  (?), a. [L. pl. terni three each, three; akin to tres three. See
   Three,  and  cf.  Trine.]  Threefold;  triple;  consisting  of  three;
   ternate.   Tern  flowers  (Bot.),  flowers  growing  three  and  three
   together.  --  Tern leaves (Bot.), leaves arranged in threes, or three
   by  three,  or  having  three  in each whorl or set. -- Tern peduncles
   (Bot.),  three  peduncles growing together from the same axis. -- Tern
   schooner (Naut.), a three-masted schooner.


   Tern,  n. [F. terne. See Tern, a.] That which consists of, or pertains
   to, three things or numbers together; especially, a prize in a lottery
   resulting  from  the  favorable  combination  of  three numbers in the
   drawing; also, the three numbers themselves.

     She'd win a tern in Thursday's lottery. Mrs. Browning.


   Ter"na*ry (?), a. [L. ternarius, fr. terni. See Tern, a.]

   1.  Proceeding  by threes; consisting of three; as, the ternary number
   was  anciently  esteemed  a  symbol  of  perfection, and held in great

   2.  (Chem.)  Containing,  or  consisting of, three different parts, as
   elements,  atoms,  groups,  or  radicals, which are regarded as having
   different   functions  or  relations  in  the  molecule;  thus,  sodic
   hydroxide, NaOH, is a ternary compound.


   Ter"na*ry,  n.;  pl.  Ternaries  (. A ternion; the number three; three
   things taken together; a triad.

     Some in ternaries, some in pairs, and some single. Holder.


   Ter"nate (?), a. [NL. ternatus, fr. L. terni three each. See Tern, a.]
   Having  the parts arranged by threes; as, ternate branches, leaves, or
   flowers. -- Ter"nate*ly, adv.


   Terne"plate`  (?),  n.  [See  Tern,  a.,  and Plate.] Thin iron sheets
   coated  with an alloy of lead and tin; -- so called because made up of
   three metals.


   Ter"ni*on  (?), n. [L. ternio, fr. terni three each. See Tern, a.] The
   number three; three things together; a ternary. Bp. Hall.


   Ter"pene  (?),  n.  [See  Turpentine.]  (Chem.) Any one of a series of
   isomeric  hydrocarbons of pleasant aromatic odor, occurring especially
   in  coniferous  plants  and  represented  by  oil  of  turpentine, but
   including also certain hydrocarbons found in some essential oils.


   Ter*pen"tic (?), a. (Chem.) Terpenylic.


   Ter`pe*nyl"ic  (?),  a.  [Terpene + -yl + -ic.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining
   to,  or  designating,  an  acid, C8H12O4 (called also terpentic acid),
   homologous  with  terebic  acid,  and  obtained as a white crystalline
   substance by the oxidation of oil of turpentine with chromic acid.


   Ter"pi*lene  (?),  n.  (Chem.) A polymeric form of terpene, resembling


   Ter"pin  (?),  n.  (Chem.) A white crystalline substance regarded as a
   hydrate of oil of turpentine.


   Ter"pin*ol  (?), n. [Terpin + L. oleum oil.] (Chem.) Any oil substance
   having  a hyacinthine odor, obtained by the action of acids on terpin,
   and regarded as a related hydrate.


   Terp*sich"o*re  (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. (Gr. Myth.) The Muse who presided
   over the choral song and the dance, especially the latter.


   Terp`sich*o*re"an  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to Terpsichore; of or
   pertaining to dancing.


   Ter"ra  (?),  n.  [It. & L. See Terrace.] The earth; earth. Terra alba
   [L.,   white   earth]  (Com.),  a  white  amorphous  earthy  substance
   consisting  of  burnt  gypsum,  aluminium  silicate  (kaolin), or some
   similar  ingredient,  as  magnesia. It is sometimes used to adulterate
   certain foods, spices, candies, paints, etc. -- Terra cotta. [It., fr.
   terra  earth + cotta, fem. of cotto cooked, L. coctus, p.p. of coquere
   to  cook.  See  Cook,  n.] Baked clay; a kind of hard pottery used for
   statues,  architectural  decorations, figures, vases, and the like. --
   Terr\'91  filius  [L.,  son  of the earth], formerly, one appointed to
   write  a  satirical Latin poem at the public acts in the University of
   Oxford; -- not unlike the prevaricator at Cambridge, England. -- Terra
   firma  [L.],  firm  or  solid  earth,  as  opposed  to water. -- Terra
   Japonica. [NL.] Same as Gambier. It was formerly supposed to be a kind
   of  earth  from  Japan.  --  Terra Lemnia [L., Lemnian earth], Lemnian
   earth.  See  under  Lemnian.  -- Terra ponderosa [L., ponderous earth]
   (Min.), barite, or heavy spar. -- Terra di Sienna. See Sienna.


   Ter"race  (?), n. [F. terrasse (cf. Sp. terraza, It. terrazza), fr. L.
   terra the earth, probably for tersa, originally meaning, dry land, and
   akin  to  torrere to parch, E. torrid, and thirst. See Thirst, and cf.
   Fumitory, Inter, v., Patterre, Terrier, Trass, Tureen, Turmeric.]

   1. A raised level space, shelf, or platform of earth, supported on one
   or more sides by a wall, a bank of tuft, or the like, whether designed
   for use or pleasure.

   2. A balcony, especially a large and uncovered one.

   3.  A  flat roof to a house; as, the buildings of the Oriental nations
   are covered with terraces.

   4.  A  street,  or  a  row of houses, on a bank or the side of a hill;
   hence, any street, or row of houses.

   5.  (Geol.)  A  level  plain,  usually with a steep front, bordering a
   river, a lake, or sometimes the sea.

     NOTE: &hand; Ma ny ri vers ar e bordered by a series of terraces at
     different levels, indicating the flood plains at successive periods
     in their history.

   Terrace epoch. (Geol.) See Drift epoch, under Drift, a.


   Ter"race,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Terraced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Terracing
   (?).] To form into a terrace or terraces; to furnish with a terrace or
   terraces, as, to terrace a garden, or a building. Sir H. Wotton.

     Clermont's terraced height, and Esher's groves. Thomson.


   Ter"ra*cul`ture (?), n. [L. terra the earth + cultura.] Cultivation on
   the earth; agriculture. [R.] -- Ter`ra*cul"tur*al (#), a. [R.]


   Ter"rane (?), n. [F. terrain, from L. terra earth.] (Geol.) A group of
   rocks  having  a  common  age  or  origin;  --  nearly  equivalent  to
   formation, but used somewhat less comprehensively.


   Ter"ra*pin  (?),  n.  [Probably of American Indian origin.] (Zo\'94l.)
   Any  one of numerous species of tortoises living in fresh and brackish
   waters.  Many  of  them  are  valued  for food. [Written also terapin,
   terrapen, terrapene, and turapen.] <-- acebra? print unclear?? -->

     NOTE: &hand; Th e yellow-bellied terrapin (Pseudemys acebra) of the
     Southern   United   States,  the  red-bellied  terrapin  (Pseudemys
     rugosa),  native  of  the  tributaries  Chesapeake Bay (called also
     potter,  slider, and redfender), and the diamond-back or salt-marsh
     terrapin  (Malaclemmys  palustris), are the most important American
     species. The diamond-back terrapin is native of nearly the whole of
     the Atlantic coast of the United States.

   Alligator  terrapin,  the snapping turtle. -- Mud terrapin, any one of
   numerous  species  of  American tortoises of the genus Cinosternon. --
   Painted  terrapin,  the painted turtle. See under Painted. -- Speckled
   terrapin,  a  small  fresh-water American terrapin (Chelopus guttatus)
   having  the  carapace  black  with  round yellow spots; -- called also
   spotted turtle.


   Ter*ra"que*ous  (?),  a. [L. terra the earth + E. aqueous.] Consisting
   of land and water; as, the earth is a terraqueous globe. Cudworth.

     The  grand  terraqueous  spectacle  From  center  to  circumference
     unveiled. Wordsworth.


   Ter"rar  (?),  n.  [LL.  terrarius  liber. See Terrier a collection of
   acknowledgments.] (O. Eng. Law) See 2d Terrier, 2.


   Ter"ras (?), n. (Min.) See .


   Ter*reen" (?), n. See Turren.


   Ter*re"i*ty  (?),  n.  Quality  of being earthy; earthiness. [Obs.] B.


   Ter"rel  (?),  n. [NL. terrella, from L. terra the earth.] A spherical
   magnet so placed that its poles, equator, etc., correspond to those of
   the earth. [Obs.] Chambers.


   Terre"mote` (?), n. [OF. terremote, terremoete, fr. L. terra the earth
   + movere, motum, to move.] An earthquake. [Obs.] Gower.


   Ter*rene" (?), n. A tureen. [Obs.] Walpole.


   Ter*rene", a. [L. terrenus, fr. terra the earth. See Terrace.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  earth; earthy; as, terrene substance.

   2. Earthy; terrestrial.

     God  set  before him a mortal and immortal life, a nature celestial
     and terrene. Sir W. Raleigh.

     Be true and faithful to the king and his heirs, and truth and faith
     to  bear  of  life  and  limb,  and  terrene honor. O. Eng. Oath of
     Allegiance, quoted by Blackstone.

     Common  conceptions  of  the  matters which lie at the basis of our
     terrene experience. Hickok.


   Ter*rene", n. [L. terrenum land, ground: cf. F. terrain.]

   1. The earth's surface; the earth. [Poetic]

     Tenfold the length of this terrene. Milton.

   2. (Surv.) The surface of the ground.


   Ter*ren"i*ty  (?),  n. Earthiness; worldliness. [Obs.] "A dull and low
   terrenity." Feltham.


   Ter"re*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  terreus, fr. terra the earth. See Terrace.]
   Consisting   of  earth;  earthy;  as,  terreous  substances;  terreous
   particles. [Obs.]


   Terre"plein`  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr. L. terra earth + planus even, level,
   plain.]  (Fort.)  The  top,  platform,  or  horizontal  surface,  of a
   rampart, on which the cannon are placed. See Illust. of Casemate.


   Ter*res"tre  (?),  a.  [OE.,  from  OF.  & F. terrestre.] Terrestrial;
   earthly. [Obs.] "His paradise terrestre." Chaucer.


   Ter*res"tri*al  (?),  a.  [L.  terrestris,  from  terra the earth. See

   1.  Of or pertaining to the earth; existing on the earth; earthly; as,
   terrestrial animals. "Bodies terrestrial." 1 Cor. xv. 40.

   2. Representing, or consisting of, the earth; as, a terrestrial globe.
   "The dark terrestrial ball." Addison.

   3.  Of or pertaining to the world, or to the present state; sublunary;

     Vain labors of terrestrial wit. Spenser.

     A  genius  bright  and  base,  Of towering talents, and terrestrial
     aims. Young.

   4.  Consisting  of  land,  in distinction from water; belonging to, or
   inhabiting,  the  land or ground, in distinction from trees, water, or
   the like; as, terrestrial serpents.

     The terrestrial parts of the globe. Woodward.

   5.  Adapted  for  the observation of objects on land and on the earth;
   as,  a  terrestrial  telescope,  in  distinction  from an astronomical
   telescope. -- Ter*res"tri*al*ly, adv. -- Ter*res"tri*al*ness, n.


   Ter*res"tri*al, n. An inhabitant of the earth.


   Ter*res"tri*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  terrestris  terrestrial  + -fy.] To
   convert  or  reduce  into  a condition like that of the earth; to make
   earthy. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Ter*res"tri*ous  (?), a. [See Terrestrial.] Terrestrial. [Obs.] Sir T.


   Ter"ret  (?),  n.  One  of  the  rings  on  the top of the saddle of a
   harness, through which the reins pass.


   Terre"-ten`ant  (?), n. [F. terre earth, land + tenant, p.pr. of tenir
   to  hold.]  (Law)  One  who  has  the  actual  possession of land; the
   occupant. [Written also ter-tenant.]

   Page 1489


   Terre"-verte`  (?),  n. [F., fr. terre earth + vert, verte, green.] An
   olive-green earth used as a pigment. See Glauconite.


   Ter"ri*ble  (?),  a.  [F., fr. L. terribilis, fr. terrere to frighten.
   See Terror.]

   1.  Adapted  or  likely  to  excite  terror,  awe, or dread; dreadful;

     Prudent in peace, and terrible in war. Prior.

     Thou shalt not be affrighted at them; for the Lord thy God is among
     you, a mighty God and terrible. Deut. vii. 21.

   2. Excessive; extreme; severe. [Colloq.]

     The terrible coldness of the season. Clarendon.

   Syn.  -- Terrific; fearful; frightful; formidable; dreadful; horrible;
   shocking; awful. -- Ter"ri*ble*ness, n. -- Ter"ri*bly, adv.


   Ter*ric"o*l\'91  (?),  n. pl. [NL., fr. L. terra + colere to inhabit.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  A division of annelids including the common earthworms and
   allied species.


   Ter`ri*en"ni*ak (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The arctic fox.


   Ter"ri*er  (?),  n.  [CF.  L.  terere  to  rub, to rub away, terebra a
   borer.] An auger or borer. [Obs.]


   Ter"ri*er, n.

   1.  [F. terrier, chien terrier, from terre the earth, L. terra; cf. F.
   terrier  a  burrow,  LL. terrarium a hillock (hence the sense, a mound
   thrown up in making a burrow, a burrow). See Terrace, and cf. Terrier,
   2.]  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of a breed of small dogs, which includes several
   distinct  subbreeds,  some  of  which,  such  as  the Skye terrier and
   Yorkshire  terrier, have long hair and drooping ears, while others, at
   the  English and the black-and-tan terriers, have short, close, smooth
   hair and upright ears.

     NOTE: &hand; Mo st ki nds of  terriers are noted for their courage,
     the  acuteness  of  their  sense of smell, their propensity to hunt
     burrowing  animals, and their activity in destroying rats, etc. See
     Fox terrier, under Fox.

   2.  [F.  terrier,  papier  terrier,  LL. terrarius liber, i.e., a book
   belonging or pertaining to land or landed estates. See Terrier, 1, and
   cf.  Terrar.]  (Law)  (a) Formerly, a collection of acknowledgments of
   the  vassals  or  tenants  of  a  lordship,  containing  the rents and
   services  they  owed to the lord, and the like. (b) In modern usage, a
   book or roll in which the lands of private persons or corporations are
   described  by  their  site,  boundaries, number of acres, or the like.
   [Written also terrar.]


   Ter*rif"ic (?), a. [L. terrificus; fr. terrere to frighten + facere to
   make.  See  Terror, and Fact.] Causing terror; adapted to excite great
   fear or dread; terrible; as, a terrific form; a terrific sight.


   Ter*rif"ic*al (?), a. Terrific. [R.]


   Ter*rif"ic*al*ly, adv. In a terrific manner.


   Ter"ri*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Terrified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Terrifying  (?).]  [L. terrere to frighten + -fy: cf. F. terrifier, L.
   terrificare. See Terrific, and -fy.]

   1. To make terrible. [Obs.]

     If  the  law, instead of aggravating and terrifying sin, shall give
     out license, it foils itself. Milton.

   2. To alarm or shock with fear; to frighten.

     When ye shall hear of wars . . . be not terrified. Luke xxi. 9.


   Ter*rig"e*nous  (?),  a.  [L. terrigena, terrigenus; terra the earth +
   genere, gignere, to bring forth.] Earthborn; produced by the earth.


   Ter`ri*to"ri*al (?), a. [L. territorialis: cf. F. territorial.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  territory or land; as, territorial limits;
   territorial jurisdiction.

   2.  Limited  to  a  certain  district;  as,  right  may be personal or

   3.  Of  or  pertaining  to all or any of the Territories of the United
   States,   or  to  any  district  similarly  organized  elsewhere;  as,
   Territorial governments.


   Ter`ri*to"ri*al*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Territorialized (?); p.
   pr. & vb. n. Territorializing (?).]

   1. To enlarge by extension of territory.

   2. To reduce to the condition of a territory.


   Ter`ri*to"ri*al*ly,   adv.   In  regard  to  territory;  by  means  of


   Ter"ri*to*red (?), a. Possessed of territory. [R.]


   Ter"ri*to*ry (?), n.; pl. Territories (#). [L. territorium, from terra
   the earth: cf. F. territoire. See Terrace.]

   1. A large extent or tract of land; a region; a country; a district.

     He  looked,  and saw wide territory spread Before him -- towns, and
     rural works between. Milton.

   2.  The  extent  of  land  belonging  to,  or under the dominion of, a
   prince,  state,  or  other  form of government; often, a tract of land
   lying  at  a  distance  from  the  parent  country or from the seat of
   government;  as, the territory of a State; the territories of the East
   India Company.

   3.  In the United States, a portion of the country not included within
   the  limits  of  any  State,  and not yet admitted as a State into the
   Union,  but organized with a separate legislature, under a Territorial
   governor  and  other officers appointed by the President and Senate of
   the  United  States.  In  Canada, a similarly organized portion of the
   country not yet formed into a Province.


   Ter"ror  (?), n. [L. terror, akin to terrere to frighten, for tersere;
   akin to Gr. tras to tremble, to be afraid, Russ. triasti to shake: cf.
   F. terreur. Cf. Deter.]

   1.  Extreme  fear;  fear  that  agitates body and mind; violent dread;

     Terror seized the rebel host. Milton.

   2. That which excites dread; a cause of extreme fear.

     Those enormous terrors of the Nile. Prior.

     Rulers are not a terror to good works. Rom. xiii. 3.

     There is no terror, Cassius, in your threats. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Terror is used in the formation of compounds which are
     generally   self-explaining:   as,  terror-fraught,  terror-giving,
     terror-smitten, terror-stricken, terror-struck, and the like.

   King  of terrors, death. Job xviii. 14. -- Reign of Terror. (F. Hist.)
   See  in  Dictionary  of Noted Names in Fiction. Syn. -- Alarm; fright;
   consternation; dread; dismay. See Alarm.


   Ter"ror*ism  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. terrorisme.] The act of terrorizing, or
   state  of  being  terrorized;  a  mode  of  government  by  terror  or
   intimidation.  Jefferson.  <-- 2. The practise of coercing governments
   to  accede  to  political  demands  by committing violence on civilian
   targets; any similar use of violence to achieve goals. -->


   Ter"ror*ist,  n.  [F.  terroriste.]  One  who  governs by terrorism or
   intimidation;  specifically, an agent or partisan of the revolutionary
   tribunal  during  the Reign of Terror in France. Burke. <-- 2. One who
   commits terrorism{2}. -->


   Ter"ror*ize (?), v. t. [Cf. F. terroriser.] To impress with terror; to
   coerce by intimidation.

     Humiliated  by  the tyranny of foreign despotism, and terrorized by
     ecclesiastical authority. J. A. Symonds.


   Ter"ror*less, a. Free from terror. Poe.


   Ter"ry  (?),  n.  A  kind of heavy colored fabric, either all silk, or
   silk  and worsted, or silk and cotton, often called terry velvet, used
   for upholstery and trimmings.


   Ter*sanc"tus  (?),  n.  [L.  ter  thrice  +  sanctus holy.] (Eccl.) An
   ancient  ascription  of  praise  (containing the word "Holy" -- in its
   Latin  form,  "Sanctus"  --  thrice repeated), used in the Mass of the
   Roman  Catholic  Church  and  before the prayer of consecration in the
   communion  service  of  the  Church  of  England  and  the  Protestant
   Episcopal Church. Cf. Trisagion.


   Terse  (?), a. [Compar. Terser (?); superl. Tersest.] [L. tersus, p.p.
   of tergere to rub or wipe off.]

   1.  Appearing  as  if  rubbed  or wiped off; rubbed; smooth; polished.

     Many  stones,  . . . although terse and smooth, have not this power
     attractive. Sir T. Browne.

   2. Refined; accomplished; -- said of persons. [R. & Obs.] "Your polite
   and terse gallants." Massinger.

   3.   Elegantly   concise;  free  of  superfluous  words;  polished  to
   smoothness; as, terse language; a terse style.

     Terse, luminous, and dignified eloquence. Macaulay.

     A poet, too, was there, whose verse Was tender, musical, and terse.

   Syn.  --  Neat; concise; compact. Terse, Concise. Terse was defined by
   Johnson "cleanly written", i. e., free from blemishes, neat or smooth.
   Its  present  sense  is  "free from excrescences," and hence, compact,
   with  smoothness,  grace,  or  elegance,  as in the following lones of
   Whitehead: -

     "In eight terse lines has Ph\'91drus told (So frugal were the bards
     of  old)  A tale of goats; and closed with grace, Plan, moral, all,
     in  that  short  space."  It  differs from concise in not implying,
     perhaps,  quite as much condensation, but chiefly in the additional
     idea of "grace or elegance." -- Terse"ly, adv. -- Terse"ness, n.


     Ter*sul"phide   (?),   n.   [Pref.  ter-  +  sulphide.]  (Chem.)  A


     Ter*sul"phu*ret  (?),  n.  [Pref.  ter-  +  sulphuret.]  (Chem.)  A
     trisulphide. [R.]


     Ter"-ten`ant (?), n. See Terre-tenant.


     Ter"tial  (?), a. & n. [From L. tertius third, the tertial feathers
     being  feathers  of  the third row. See Tierce.] (Zo\'94l.) Same as


     Ter"tian  (?),  a.  [L.  tertianus,  from  tertius  the  third. See
     Tierce.] (Med.) Occurring every third day; as, a tertian fever.


     Ter"tian, n. [L. tertiana (sc. febris): cf. OF. tertiane.]

     1.  (Med.)  A  disease,  especially  an  intermittent  fever, which
     returns  every  third  day,  reckoning inclusively, or in which the
     intermission lasts one day.

     2.  A  liquid  measure  formerly  used  for  wine, equal to seventy
     imperial, or eighty-four wine, gallons, being one third of a tun.


     Ter"ti*a*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  tertiarius containing a third part, fr.
     tertius third: cf. F. tertiaire. See Tierce.]

     1.  Being  of  the  third  formation,  order, or rank; third; as, a
     tertiary use of a word. Trench.

     2. (Chem.) Possessing some quality in the third degree; having been
     subjected  to  the  substitution  of three atoms or radicals; as, a
     tertiary  alcohol,  amine, or salt. Cf. Primary, and Secondary. <--
     specifically, an organic compound in which teh carbon atom attached
     to the eponymic functional group has three carbon atoms attached to
     it; as, tertiary butyl alcohol, (CH3)3C.OH. -->

     3. (Geol.) Later than, or subsequent to, the Secondary.

     4.  (Zo\'94l.)  Growing  on  the  innermost joint of a bird's wing;
     tertial; -- said of quills.

   Tertiary  age.  (Geol.)  See  under Age, 8. -- Tertiary color, a color
   produced  by  the  mixture of two secondaries. "The so-called tertiary
   colors  are citrine, russet, and olive." Fairholt. -- Tertiary period.
   (Geol.) (a) The first period of the age of mammals, or of the Cenozoic
   era.  (b)  The  rock formation of that period; -- called also Tertiary
   formation.  See the Chart of Geology. -- Tertiary syphilis (Med.), the
   third  and  last  stage of syphilis, in which it invades the bones and
   internal organs.


   Ter"ti*a*ry, n.; pl. Tertiaries (.

   1. (R. C. Ch.) A member of the Third Order in any monastic system; as,
   the  Franciscan  tertiaries;  the  Dominican tertiaries; the Carmelite
   tertiaries. See Third Order, under Third. Addis & Arnold.

   2. (Geol.) The Tertiary era, period, or formation.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) One of the quill feathers which are borne upon the basal
   joint of the wing of a bird. See Illust. of Bird.


   Ter"ti*ate  (?),  v.  t. [L. tertiatus, p.p. of tertiare to do for the
   third time, fr. tertius the third.]

   1. To do or perform for the third time. [Obs. & R.] Johnson.

   2. (Gun.) To examine, as the thickness of the metal at the muzzle of a
   gun;  or,  in  general,  to  examine the thickness of, as ordnance, in
   order to ascertain its strength.


   Ter`u*ter"o  (?), n. [Probably so named from its city.] (Zo\'94l.) The
   South American lapwing (Vanellus Cayennensis). Its wings are furnished
   with short spurs. Called also Cayenne lapwing.

                                  Terza rima

   Ter"za  ri"ma  (?).  [It.,  a  third  or triple rhyme.] A peculiar and
   complicated  system  of  versification,  borrowed by the early Italian
   poets from the Troubadours.


   Ter*zet"to  (?),  n.  [It.,  dim.  of terzo the third, L. tertius. See
   Tierce.] (Mus.) A composition in three voice parts; a vocal (rarely an
   instrumental) trio.


   Tes"sel*ar  (?),  a. [L. tessella a small square piece, a little cube,
   dim. of tessera a square piece of stone, wood, etc., a die.] Formed of
   tesser\'91, as a mosaic.


   Tes`sel*la"ta  (?), n. pl. [NL. See Tessellate.] (Zo\'94l.) A division
   of  Crinoidea  including  numerous fossil species in which the body is
   covered with tessellated plates.


   Tes"sel*late (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tessellated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tessellating.]  [L.  tessellatus  tessellated. See Tessellar.] To form
   into squares or checkers; to lay with checkered work.

     The  floors are sometimes of wood, tessellated after the fashion of
     France. Macaulay.


   Tes"sel*late (?), a. [L. tesselatus.] Tessellated.


   Tes"sel*la`ted (?), a.

   1.  Formed  of  little  squares,  as  mosaic  work;  checkered;  as, a
   tessellated pavement.

   2.  (Bot.  &  Zo\'94l.)  Marked like a checkerboard; as, a tessellated


   Tes`sel*la"tion (?), n. The act of tessellating; also, the mosaic work
   so formed. J. Forsyth.


   Tes"se*ra (?), n.; pl. Tesser\'91 (#). [L., a square piece, a die. See
   Tessellar.]  A small piece of marble, glass, earthenware, or the like,
   having  a  square,  or  nearly  square, face, used by the ancients for
   mosaic,  as  for  making  pavements,  for  ornamenting walls, and like
   purposes;  also, a similar piece of ivory, bone, wood, etc., used as a
   ticket  of  admission  to theaters, or as a certificate for successful
   gladiators, and as a token for various other purposes. Fairholt.


   Tes`se*ra"ic   (?),   a.  Diversified  by  squares;  done  in  mosaic;
   tessellated. [Obs.] Sir R. Atkyns (1712).


   Tes"se*ral (?), a.

   1. Of, pertaining to, or containing, tesser\'91.

   2. (Crystallog.) Isometric.


   Tes"su*lar (?), a. (Crystallog.) Tesseral.


   Test  (?),  n.  [OE. test test, or cupel, potsherd, F. t\'88t, from L.
   testum  an  earthen  vessel;  akin to testa a piece of burned clay, an
   earthen  pot,  a  potsherd, perhaps for tersta, and akin to torrere to
   patch,  terra earth (cf. Thirst, and Terrace), but cf. Zend tasta cup.
   Cf.  Test  a  shell,  Testaceous,  Tester  a  covering, a coin, Testy,

   1.  (Metal.)  A cupel or cupelling hearth in which precious metals are
   melted for trial and refinement.

     Our ingots, tests, and many mo. Chaucer.

   2.  Examination or trial by the cupel; hence, any critical examination
   or  decisive trial; as, to put a man's assertions to a test. "Bring me
   to the test." Shak.

   3. Means of trial; as, absence is a test of love.

     Each test every light her muse will bear. Dryden.

   4.  That with which anything is compared for proof of its genuineness;
   a touchstone; a standard.

     Life, force, and beauty must to all impart, At once the source, and
     end, and test of art. Pope.

   5.  Discriminative  characteristic;  standard  of  judgment; ground of
   admission or exclusion.

     Our test excludes your tribe from benefit. Dryden.

   6. Judgment; distinction; discrimination.

     Who  would  excel,  when  few  can  make a test Betwixt indifferent
     writing and the best? Dryden.

   7.  (Chem.)  A  reaction  employed  to  recognize  or  distinguish any
   particular  substance  or constituent of a compound, as the production
   of  some  characteristic  precipitate;  also,  the reagent employed to
   produce  such  reaction; thus, the ordinary test for sulphuric acid is
   the  production of a white insoluble precipitate of barium sulphate by
   means of some soluble barium salt.
   Test  act  (Eng.  Law), an act of the English Parliament prescribing a
   form  of  oath  and  declaration against transubstantiation, which all
   officers, civil and military, were formerly obliged to take within six
   months  after  their  admission  to  office. They were obliged also to
   receive the sacrament according to the usage of the Church of England.
   Blackstone.  --  Test object (Optics), an object which tests the power
   or quality of a microscope or telescope, by requiring a certain degree
   of  excellence  in  the  instrument  to determine its existence or its
   peculiar  texture  or  markings.  --  Test  paper.  (a)  (Chem.) Paper
   prepared  for use in testing for certain substances by being saturated
   with  a  reagent  which  changes color in some specific way when acted
   upon  by  those substances; thus, litmus paper is turned red by acids,
   and blue by alkalies, turmeric paper is turned brown by alkalies, etc.
   (b)  (Law)  An  instrument  admitted  as  a  standard or comparison of
   handwriting  in  those  jurisdictions  in which comparison of hands is
   permitted  as a mode of proving handwriting. -- Test tube. (Chem.) (a)
   A  simple tube of thin glass, closed at one end, for heating solutions
   and  for  performing ordinary reactions. (b) A graduated tube. Syn. --
   Criterion;  standard;  experience;  proof; experiment; trial. -- Test,
   Trial.  Trial  is  the  wider  term;  test is a searching and decisive
   trial.  It  is  derived from the Latin testa (earthen pot), which term
   was  early applied to the fining pot, or crucible, in which metals are
   melted for trial and refinement. Hence the peculiar force of the word,
   as indicating a trial or criterion of the most decisive kind.

     I  leave  him to your gracious acceptance, whose trial shall better
     publish his commediation. Shak.

     Thy  virtue,  prince,  has  stood  the test of fortune, Like purest
     gold,  that  tortured  in  the  furnace, Comes out more bright, and
     brings forth all its weight. Addison.


   Test, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tested; p. pr. & vb. n. Testing.]

   1.  (Metal.)  To  refine,  as  gold or silver, in a test, or cupel; to
   subject to cupellation.

   2. To put to the proof; to prove the truth, genuineness, or quality of
   by  experiment,  or by some principle or standard; to try; as, to test
   the soundness of a principle; to test the validity of an argument.

     Experience  is  the  surest  standard  by  which  to  test the real
     tendency of the existing constitution. Washington.

   3.  (Chem.)  To  examine or try, as by the use of some reagent; as, to
   test a solution by litmus paper.

   Page 1490


   Test (?), n. [L. testis. Cf. Testament, Testify.] A witness. [Obs.]

     Prelates  and  great lords of England, who were for the more surety
     tests of that deed. Ld. Berners.


   Test, v. i. [L. testari. See Testament.] To make a testament, or will.

                                  Test, Testa

   Test (?), Tes"ta (?), n.; pl. E. Tests (#), L. Test\'91 (#). [L. testa
   a  piece  of  burned clay, a broken piece of earthenware, a shell. See
   Test a cupel.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.) The external hard or firm covering of many invertebrate

     NOTE: &hand; Th e te st of  cr ustaceans an d in sects is  composed
     largely  of  chitin;  in mollusks it is composed chiefly of calcium
     carbonate, and is called the shell.

   2. (Bot.) The outer integument of a seed; the episperm, or spermoderm.


   Test"a*ble (?), a. [See Testament.]

   1. Capable of being tested or proved.

   2. Capable of being devised, or given by will.


   Tes*ta"ce*a  (?),  n. pl. [NL., fr. L. testaceum a shelled anumal. See
   Testaceous.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Invertebrate  animals  covered  with shells,
   especially mollusks; shellfish.


   Tes*ta"cean (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Onr of the Testacea.


   Tes*ta`ce*og"ra*phy    (?),   n.   [Testacea   +   -graphy:   cf.   F.
   testac\'82ographie.]  The  science  which  treats  of  testaceans,  or
   shellfish; the description of shellfish. [R.]


   Tes*ta`ce*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Testacea + -logy: cf. F. testac\'82ologie.]
   The science of testaceous mollusks; conchology. [R.]


   Tes*ta"ceous (?), a. [L. testaceus, fr. testa a shell. See Testa.]

   1.  Of or pertaining to shells; consisted of a hard shell, or having a
   hard shell.

   2.  (Bot.  &  Zo\'94l.)  Having  a  dull red brick color or a brownish
   yellow color.
   Testaceous  animals  (Zo\'94l.),  animals  having  a  firm, calcareous
   shell,  as  oysters  and  clams,  thus  distinguished from crustaceous
   animals,  whose  shells are more thin and soft, and consist of several
   joints, or articulations, as lobsters and crabs.


   Tes"ta*cy  (?),  n.  [See Testate.] (Law) The state or circumstance of
   being testate, or of leaving a valid will, or testament, at death.


   Tes"ta*ment  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  L.  testamentum, fr. testari to be a
   witness,  to  make  one's  last  will,  akin  to testis a witness. Cf.
   Intestate, Testify.]

   1.  (Law) A solemn, authentic instrument in writing, by which a person
   declares  his  will as to disposal of his estate and effects after his

     NOTE: &hand; Th is is otherwise called a will, and sometimes a last
     will  and  testament.  A  testament, to be valid, must be made by a
     person  of sound mind; and it must be executed and published in due
     form of law. A man, in certain cases, may make a valid will by word
     of mouth only. See Nuncupative will, under Nuncupative.

   2. One of the two distinct revelations of God's purposes toward man; a
   covenant;  also,  one  of  the  two general divisions of the canonical
   books   of   the   sacred  Scriptures,  in  which  the  covenants  are
   respectively  revealed;  as,  the Old Testament; the New Testament; --
   often limited, in colloquial language, to the latter.

     He is the mediator of the new testament . . . for the redemption of
     the  transgressions  that  were under the first testament. Heb. ix.

   Holographic  testament,  a  testament  written  wholly by the testator
   himself.  Bouvier.  <--  also  holographic  will.  "Written" means, in
   handwriting. -->


   Tes`ta*men"tal  (?),  a.  [L.  testamentalis.]  Of  or pertaining to a
   testament; testamentary.

     Thy testamental cup I take, And thus remember thee. J. Montgomery.


   Tes`ta*men"ta*ry (?), a. [L. testamentarius: cf. F. testamentaire.]

   1. Of or pertaining to a will, or testament; as, letters testamentary.

   2. Bequeathed by will; given by testament.

     How   many   testamentary  charities  have  been  defeated  by  the
     negligence or fraud of executors! Atterbury.

   3.  Done,  appointed  by,  or  founded on, a testament, or will; as, a
   testamentary  guardian of a minor, who may be appointed by the will of
   a father to act in that capacity until the child becomes of age.


   Tes`ta*men*ta"tion (?), n. The act or power of giving by testament, or
   will. [R.] Burke.


   Tes"ta*men*tize (?), v. i. To make a will. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Tes*ta"mur  (?),  n.  [L.,  we testify, fr. testari to testify.] (Eng.
   Universities) A certificate of merit or proficiency; -- so called from
   the Latin words, Ita testamur, with which it commences.


   Tes"tate  (?), a. [L. testatus, p.p. of testari. See Testament.] (Law)
   Having  made  and  left  a  will; as, a person is said to die testate.


   Tes"tate,  n.  (Law)  One  who leaves a valid will at death; a testate
   person. [R.]


   Tes*ta"tion (?), n. [L. testatio.] A witnessing or witness. [Obs.] Bp.


   Tes*ta"tor  (?),  n. [L.: cf. F. testateur.] (Law) A man who makes and
   leaves a will, or testament, at death.


   Tes*ta"trix  (?), n. [L.] (Law) A woman who makes and leaves a will at
   death; a female testator.


   Tes"te  (?),  n.  [So  called  fr. L. teste, abl. of testis a witness,
   because this was formerly the initial word in the clause.] (Law) (a) A
   witness.  (b)  The  witnessing or concluding clause, duty attached; --
   said of a writ, deed, or the like. Burrill.


   Tes"ter  (?),  n.  [OE.  testere a headpiece, helmet, OF. testiere, F.
   t\'88ti\'8are a head covering, fr. OF. teste the head, F. t\'88te, fr.
   L.  testa  an  earthen  pot,  the  skull.  See  Test  a cupel, and cf.

   1. A headpiece; a helmet. [Obs.]

     The shields bright, testers, and trappures. Chaucer.

   2. A flat canopy, as over a pulpit or tomb. Oxf. Gross.

   3. A canopy over a bed, supported by the bedposts.

     No  testers  to the bed, and the saddles and portmanteaus heaped on
     me to keep off the cold. Walpole.


   Tes"ter,  n.  [For  testern,  teston, fr. F. teston, fr. OF. teste the
   head, the head of the king being impressed upon the coin. See Tester a
   covering,  and  cf.  Testone,  Testoon.]  An  old  French silver coin,
   originally  of the value of about eighteen pence, subsequently reduced
   to  ninepence,  and  later  to  sixpence,  sterling.  Hence, in modern
   English  slang,  a sixpence; -- often contracted to tizzy. Called also
   teston. Shak.


   Tes"tern (?), n. A sixpence; a tester. [Obs.]


   Tes"tern, v. t. To present with a tester. [Obs.] Shak.


   Tes"tes (?), n., pl. of Teste, or of Testis.


   Tes`ti*car"di*nes  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Test a shell, and Cardo.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  A  division  of  brachiopods  including those which have a
   calcareous  shell  furnished with a hinge and hinge teeth. Terebratula
   and Spirifer are examples.


   Tes"ti*cle (?), n. [L. testiculus, dim. of testis a testicle, probably
   the  same word as testis a witness, as being a witness to manhood. Cf.
   Test  a  witness.]  (Anat.)  One  of the essential male genital glands
   which secrete the semen.


   Tes"ti*cond  (?),  a. [L. testis testis + condere to hide.] (Zo\'94l.)
   Having  the  testicles  naturally  concealed,  as  in  the case of the


   Tes*tic"u*lar (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the testicle.


   Tes*tic"u*late  (?),  a.  [NL. testiculatus.] (Bot.) (a) Shaped like a
   testicle,  ovate and solid. (b) Having two tubers resembling testicles
   in form, as some species of orchis.


   Tes`ti*\'8are" (?), n. [OF. testiere. See Tester a headpiece.] A piece
   of plate armor for the head of a war horse; a tester.


   Tes"tif (?), a. [See Testy.] Testy; headstrong; obstinate. [Obs.]

     Testif they were and lusty for to play. Chaucer.


   Tes`ti*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [L. testificatio: cf. OF. testification. See
   Testify.]  The act of testifying, or giving testimony or evidence; as,
   a direct testification of our homage to God. South.


   Tes"ti*fi*ca`tor (?), n. [NL.] A testifier.


   Tes"ti*fi`er  (?),  n.  One who testifies; one who gives testimony, or
   bears witness to prove anything; a witness.


   Tes"ti*fy  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Testified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Testifying  (?).]  [OF.  testifier, L. testificari; testis a witness +
   -ficare  (in comp.) to make. See -fy, and cf. Attest, Contest, Detest,
   Protest, Testament.]

   1.  To make a solemn declaration, verbal or written, to establish some
   fact;  to  give testimony for the purpose of communicating to others a
   knowledge of something not known to them.

     Jesus  . . . needed not that any should testify of man, for he knew
     what was in man. John ii. 25.

   2.  (Law)  To make a solemn declaration under oath or affirmation, for
   the purpose of establishing, or making proof of, some fact to a court;
   to give testimony in a cause depending before a tribunal.

     One  witness  shall  not testify against any person to cause him to
     die. Num. xxxv. 30.

   3.  To  declare  a  charge;  to  protest; to give information; to bear
   witness; -- with against.

     O Israel, . . . I will testify against thee. Ps. l. 7.

     I  testified  against  them  in the day wherein they sold victuals.
     Neh. xiii. 15.


   Tes"ti*fy, v. t.

   1. To bear witness to; to support the truth of by testimony; to affirm
   or declare solemny.

     We  speak  that  we  do know, and testify that we have seen; and ye
     receive not our witness. John iii. 11.

   2.  (Law)  To  affirm  or  declare  under oath or affirmation before a
   tribunal, in order to prove some fact.


   Tes"ti*fy,   adv.  In  a  testy  manner;  fretfully;  peevishly;  with


   Tes`ti*mo"ni*al  (?),  n. [Cf. OF. testimoniale, LL. testimonialis, L.
   testimoniales (sc. litter\'91). See Testimonial, a.]

   1.  A  writing  or certificate which bears testimony in favor of one's
   character, good conduct, ability, etc., or of the value of a thing.

   2.  Something,  as money or plate, presented to a preson as a token of
   respect, or of obligation for services rendered.


   Tes`ti*mo"ni*al,  a.  [L. testimonialis: cf. F. testimonial.] Relating
   to, or containing, testimony.


   Tes"ti*mo*ny  (?),  n.;  pl.  Testimonies  (#).  [L. testimonium, from
   testis  a  witness:  cf.  OF.  testimoine, testemoine, testimonie. See

   1.  A  solemn  declaration  or  affirmation  made  for  the purpose of
   establishing or proving some fact.

     NOTE: &hand; Su ch de claration, in  ju dicial pr oceedings, may be
     verbal or written, but must be under oath or affirmation.

   2.  Affirmation; declaration; as, these doctrines are supported by the
   uniform testimony of the fathers; the belief of past facts must depend
   on the evidence of human testimony, or the testimony of historians.

   3. Open attestation; profession.

     [Thou]  for  the testimony of truth, hast borne Universal reproach.

   4. Witness; evidence; proof of some fact.

     When  ye  depart  thence,  shake off the dust under your feet for a
     testimony against them. Mark vi. 11.

   5. (Jewish Antiq.) The two tables of the law.

     Thou  shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give thee.
     Ex. xxv. 16.

   6. Hence, the whole divine revelation; the sacre

     The testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple. Ps. xix.

   Syn.   --   Proof;   evidence;   attestation;   witness;  affirmation;
   confirmation;  averment.  --  Testimony, Proof, Evidence. Proof is the
   most familiar, and is used more frequently (though not exclusively) of
   facts  and  things  which  occur  in  the  ordinary  concerns of life.
   Evidence  is  a word of more dignity, and is more generally applied to
   that   which   is   moral   or  intellectual;  as,  the  evidences  of
   Christianity,  etc.  Testimony  is  what is deposed to by a witness on
   oath  or  affirmation. When used figuratively or in a wider sense, the
   word  testimony  has  still  a  reference  to some living agent as its
   author, as when we speak of the testimony of conscience, or of doing a
   thing  in  testimony of our affection, etc. Testimony refers rather to
   the  thing  declared, evidence to its value or effect. "To conform our
   language  more  to  common  use,  we  ought  to  divide arguments into
   demonstrations,  proofs,  and  probabilities;  ba proofs, meaning such
   arguments  from  experience as leave no room for doubt or opposition."
   Hume. "The evidence of sense is the first and highest kind of evidence
   of  which  human  nature  is  capable."  Bp.  Wilkins.  "The  proof of
   everything  must  be by the testimony of such as the parties produce."


   Tes"ti*mo*ny  (?), v. t. To witness; to attest; to prove by testimony.
   [Obs.] Shak.


   Tes"ti*ness  (?), n. The quality or state of being testy; fretfulness;

     Testiness is a disposition or aptness to be angry. Locke.


   Test"ing (?), n.

   1. The act of testing or proving; trial; proof.

   2.  (Metal.)  The  operation  of refining gold or silver in a test, or
   cupel; cupellation.
   Testing  machine  (Engin.), a machine used in the determination of the
   strength  of materials, as iron, stone, etc., and their behavior under
   strains of various kinds, as elongation, bending, crushing, etc.


   Tes"tis (?), n.; pl. Testes (#). [L.] (Anat.) A testicle.


   Tes"ton (?), n. A tester; a sixpence. [Obs.]


   Tes*tone"  (?),  n. [Cf. Pg. test&atil;o, tost&atil;o. See Testoon.] A
   silver  coin  of  Portugal,  worth  about  sixpence sterling, or about
   eleven cents. Homans.


   Tes*toon"  (?), n. [It. testone. See Tester a coin.] An Italian silver
   coin.  The  testoon of Rome is worth 1s. 3d. sterling, or about thirty
   cents. Homans.


   Tes*tu"di*nal  (?), a. [See Testudo.] (Zo\'94l.) Of, pertaining to, or
   resembling, a tortoise.


   Tes*tu`di*na"ri*ous  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the shell
   of  a  tortoise;  resembling  a  tortoise  shell;  having the color or
   markings of a tortoise shell.


   Tes*tu`di*na"ta  (?), n. pl. [Nl. See Testudo.] (Zo\'94l.) An order of
   reptiles which includes the turtles and tortoises. The body is covered
   by  a  shell  consisting  of  an  upper  or  dorsal  shell, called the
   carapace,  and  a lower or ventral shell, called the plastron, each of
   which consists of several plates.

                           Testudinate, Testudinated

   Tes*tu"di*nate  (?),  Tes*tu"di*na`ted  (?),  a. [L. testudinatus, fr.
   testudo,  -inis,  a tortoise, an arch or vault.] Resembling a tortoise
   shell in appearance or structure; roofed; arched; vaulted.


   Tes`tu*din"e*ous  (?),  a. [L. testudineus.] Resembling the shell of a


   Tes*tu"do  (?),  n.;  pl. Testudines (#). [L., from testa the shell of
   shellfish, or of testaceous animals.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus  of tortoises which formerly included a large
   number  of diverse forms, but is now restricted to certain terrestrial
   species, such as the European land tortoise (Testudo Gr\'91ca) and the
   gopher of the Southern United States.

   2.  (Rom. Antiq.) A cover or screen which a body of troops formed with
   their  shields  or  targets,  by  holding  them  over their heads when
   standing  close  to  each  other.  This  cover resembled the back of a
   tortoise,  and served to shelter the men from darts, stones, and other
   missiles.  A similar defense was sometimes formed of boards, and moved
   on wheels.

   3.  (Mus.)  A  kind  of  musical  instrument. a species of lyre; -- so
   called in allusion to the lyre of Mercury, fabled to have been made of
   the shell of a tortoise.


   Tes"ty  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Testier (?); superl. Testiest.] [OF. testu
   obstinate, headstrong, F. t\'88tu, fr. OF. teste the head, F. t\'88te.
   See Test a cupel.] Fretful; peevish; petulant; easily irritated.

     Must I observe you? must I stand and crouch Under your testy humor?

     I was displeased with myself; I was testy. Latimer.


   Te*tan"ic  (?),  a.  [Cf.  L.  tetanicus  suffering  from tetanus, Gr.

   1.  (Physiol.)  Of  or  pertaining to tetanus; having the character of
   tetanus; as, a tetanic state; tetanic contraction.

     This  condition of muscle, this fusion of a number of simple spasms
     into  an apparently smooth, continuous effort, is known as tetanus,
     or tetanic contraction. Foster.

   2.  (Physiol.  &  Med.)  Producing, or tending to produce, tetanus, or
   tonic  contraction  of the muscles; as, a tetanic remedy. See Tetanic,

   Page 1491


   Te*tan"ic  (?),  n. (Physiol. & Med.) A substance (notably nux vomica,
   strychnine,  and  brucine) which, either as a remedy or a poison, acts
   primarily  on  the spinal cord, and which, when taken in comparatively
   large quantity, produces tetanic spasms or convulsions.


   Tet"a*nin  (?), n. (Physiol. Chem.) A poisonous base (ptomaine) formed
   in  meat broth through the agency of a peculiar microbe from the wound
   of  a person who has died of tetanus; -- so called because it produces
   tetanus  as  one  of  its  prominent  effects.  <-- ?? not in Merck --
   tetanospasmin? The neurotoxin of Clostridium tetani. -->


   Tet`a*ni*za"tion  (?),  n.  (Physiol.)  The production or condition of


   Tet"a*nize  (?),  v. t. (Physiol.) To throw, as a muscle, into a state
   of permanent contraction; to cause tetanus in. See Tetanus, n., 2.


   Tet"a*noid  (?),  a.  [Tetanus  +  -oid.] (Med. & Physiol.) Resembling


   Tet`a*no*mo"tor  (?),  n.  (Physiol.)  An instrument from tetanizing a
   muscle by irritating its nerve by successive mechanical shocks.


   Tet"a*nus (?), n. [L., fr. Gr.

   1.  (Med.)  A  painful  and usually fatal disease, resulting generally
   from  a wound, and having as its principal symptom persistent spasm of
   the voluntary muscles. When the muscles of the lower jaw are affected,
   it  is  called locked-jaw, or lickjaw, and it takes various names from
   the  various  incurvations  of  the  body resulting from the spasm.<--
   caused by the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium tetani. -->

   2.  (Physiol.) That condition of a muscle in which it is in a state of
   continued  vibratory  contraction,  as  when stimulated by a series of
   induction shocks.


   Tet"a*ny  (?),  n.  (Med.)  A morbid condition resembling tetanus, but
   distinguished  from  it  by  being less severe and having intermittent


   Te*tard"  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A gobioid fish (Eleotris gyrinus) of the
   Southern United States; -- called also sleeper.


   Te*tar`to*he"dral  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Crystallog.) Having one fourth the
   number  of  planes  which  are  requisite  to  complete  symmetry.  --
   Te*tar`to*he"dral*ly, adv.


   Te*tar`to*he"drism   (?),  n.  (Crystallog.)  The  property  of  being


   Te*taug" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Tautog. [R.]


   Tetch"i*ness, n. See Techiness.


   Tetch"y (?), a. See Techy. Shak.


   T\'88te  (?), n. [F., the head. See Tester a covering.] A kind of wig;
   false hair.


   T\'88te`-\'85-t\'88te"  (?),  n.  [F.,  head  to  head.  See  Tester a
   covering, Test a cupel.]

   1.  Private  conversation;  familiar  interview  or  conference of two

   2. A short sofa intended to accomodate two persons.


   T\'88te`-\'85-t\'88te", a. Private; confidential; familiar.

     She avoided t\'88te-\'85-t\'88te walks with him. C. Kingsley.


   T\'88te`-\'85-t\'88te",    adv.    Face    to   face;   privately   or
   confidentially; familiarly. Prior.


   T\'88te`-de-pont"  (?),  n.;  pl. T\'88tes-de-pont (#). [F., head of a
   bridge.]  (Mil.)  A  work thrown up at the end of a bridge nearest the
   enemy, for covering the communications across a river; a bridgehead.


   Te*tel" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A large African antelope (Alcejaphus tora).
   It has widely divergent, strongly ringed horns.


   Teth"er  (?), n. [Formerly tedder, OE. tedir; akin to LG. tider, tier,
   Icel.  tj\'d3, Dan. t\'94ir. \'fb64.] A long rope or chain by which an
   animal  is  fastened, as to a stake, so that it can range or feed only
   within certain limits.


   Teth"er, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tethered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tethering.]
   To  confine,  as  an animal, with a long rope or chain, as for feeding
   within certain limits.

     And by a slender cord was tethered to a stone. Wordsworth.


   Te*thy"dan (?), n. [See Tethys.] (Zo\'94l.) A tunicate.


   Te`thy*o"de*a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Tethys + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division
   of  Tunicata  including the common attached ascidians, both simple and
   compound. Called also Tethioidea.


   Te"thys  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of a large naked
   mollusks  having  a  very  large,  broad,  fringed  cephalic disk, and
   branched  dorsal gills. Some of the species become a foot long and are
   brilliantly colored.


   Tet"ra- (?). [Gr. Four.]

   1.  A  combining  form  or  prefix  signifying four, as in tetrabasic,

   2.  (Chem.)  A  combining  form  (also used adjectively) denoting four
   proportional or combining parts of the substance or ingredient denoted
   by the term to which it is prefixed, as in tetra-chloride, tetroxide.


   Tet`ra*bas"ic   (?),   a.   [Tetra-   +  basic.]  (Chem.)  Capable  of
   neutralizing  four  molecules  of a monacid base; having four hydrogen
   atoms capable of replacement by bases; quadribasic; -- said of certain
   acids; thus, normal silicic acid, Si(OH)4, is a tetrabasic acid.


   Tet`ra*bor"ic (?), a. [Tetra- + boric.] (Chem.) Same as Pyroboric.


   Tet`ra*bran`chi*a"ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Tetra-, and Branchia.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  An  order  of  Cephalopoda having four gills. Among living
   species  it  includes  only  the  pearly nautilus. Numerous genera and
   species  are  found in the fossil state, such as Ammonites, Baculites,
   Orthoceras, etc.


   Tet`ra*bran`chi*ate  (?),  a.  [Tetra  + branchiate.] (Zo\'94l.) Of or
   pertaining to the Tetrabranchiata. -- n. One of the Tetrabranchiata.


   Tet`ra*car"pel  (?), a. [Tetra- + carpellary.] (Bot.) Composed of four


   Tet"ra*chord  (?), n. [L. tetrachordon, Gr. Tetra-) + t\'82trachorde.]
   (Anc.  Mus.)  A scale series of four sounds, of which the extremes, or
   first  and  last, constituted a fourth. These extremes were immutable;
   the two middle sounds were changeable.


   Tet`ra*chot"o*mous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Bot.) Having a division by fours;
   separated into four parts or series, or into series of fours.


   Tet*rac"id  (?),  a.  [Tetra  + acid.] (Chem.) Capable of neutralizing
   four molecules of a monobasic acid; having four hydrogen atoms capable
   of replacement ba acids or acid atoms; -- said of certain bases; thus,
   erythrine, C4H6(OH)4, is a tetracid alcohol.


   Tet`ra*coc"cous  (?),  a. [See Tetra-, and Coccus.] (Bot.) Having four
   cocci, or carpels.


   Tet`ra*co"lon  (?),  n. [Gr. Tetra-) + (Pros.) A stanza or division in
   lyric poetry, consisting of four verses or lines. Crabb.


   Te`tra*co*ral"la (?), n. pl. [NL. See Tetra-, and Corallum.] (Paleon.)
   Same as Rugosa.


   Te*trac`ti*nel"lid  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any species of sponge of the
   division Tetractinellida. Also used adjectively.


   Te*trac`ti*nel"li*da  (?), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division
   of  Spongi\'91  in  which  the  spicules  are  siliceous and have four
   branches diverging at right angles. Called also Tetractinellin\'91.


   Tet"rad (?), n. [L. tetras, -adis, Gr. t\'82trade.]

   1. The number four; a collection of four things; a quaternion.

   2.  (Chem.)  A tetravalent or quadrivalent atom or radical; as, carbon
   is a tetrad.

                           Tetradactyl, Tetradactyle

   Tet`ra*dac"tyl,  Tet`ra*dac"tyle  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. t\'82tradactyle.]
   (Zo\'94l.) Tetradactylous.


   Tet`ra*dac"tyl*ous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Tetra-)  +  (Zo\'94l.)  Having, or
   characterized by, four digits to the foot or hand.


   Tet`ra*dec"ane (?), n. [Tetra- + Gr. (Chem.) A light oily hydrocarbon,
   C14H30, of the marsh-gas series; -- so called from the fourteen carbon
   atoms in the molecule.


   Tet`ra*de*cap"o*da  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Tetra-,  and  Decapoda.]
   (Zo\'94l.) Same as Arthrostraca.


   Tet*rad"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to a tetrad; possessing or
   having  the  characteristics  of  a tetrad; as, a carbon is a tetradic


   Tet"ra*dite (?), n. [See Tetrad.] A person in some way remarkable with
   regard to the number four, as one born on the fourth day of the month,
   or one who reverenced four persons in the Godhead. Smart.


   Tet"ra*don (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Tetrodon.


   Tet"ra*dont (?), a. & n. (Zo\'94l.) See Tetrodont.

                           Tetradrachm, Tetradrachma

   Tet"ra*drachm  (?), Tet`ra*drach"ma (?), n. [NL. tetradrachma, fr. Gr.
   Tetra-) + A silver coin among the ancient Greeks, of the value of four
   drachms. The Attic tetradrachm was equal to 3s. 3d. sterling, or about
   76 cents.


   Tet*rad"y*mite  (?), n. [Gr. (Min.) A telluride of bismuth. It is of a
   pale  steel-gray  color  and  metallic  luster,  and usually occurs in
   foliated masses. Calles also telluric bismuth.


   Tet`ra*dy*na"mi*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  Tetra-)  + (Bot.) A
   Linn\'91an  class  of  plants  having  six  stamens, four of which are
   longer than the others.


   Tet`ra*dy*na"mi*an (?), n. (Bot.) A plant of the order Tetradynamia.

                         Tetradynamian, Tetradynamous

   Tet`ra*dy*na"mi*an  (?), Tet`ra*dyn"a*mous (?), a. (Bot.) Belonging to
   the  order  Tetradynamia;  having  six  stamens,  four  of  which  are
   uniformly longer than the others.


   Tet"ra*gon (?), n. [L. tetragonum, Gr. Tetra-) + t\'82tragone.]

   1.  (Geom.) A plane figure having four sides and angles; a quadrangle,
   as a square, a rhombus, etc.

   2.  (Astrol.)  An  aspect of two planets with regard to the earth when
   they  are  distant  from each other ninety degrees, or the fourth of a
   circle. Hutton.


   Te*trag"o*nal (?), a.

   1.  (Geom.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  a tetragon; having four angles or
   sides;  thus,  the  square,  the  parallelogram,  the rhombus, and the
   trapezium are tetragonal fingers.

   2. (Bot.) Having four prominent longitudinal angles.

   3.  (Crystallog.)  Designating,  or  belonging to, a certain system of
   crystallization;    dimetric.    See    Tetragonal    system,    under


   Tet`ra*gram"ma*ton  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. Tetra-) + The mystic number
   four,  which  was  often symbolized to represent the Deity, whose name
   was  expressed  by  four  letters  among some ancient nations; as, the
   Hebrew JeHoVaH, Greek qeo`s, Latin deus, etc.


   Tet`ra*gyn"i*a  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. te`tra- (see Tetra-) + gynh`
   a  woman,  female.]  (Bot.)  A  Linn\'91an order of plants having four

                           Tetragynian, Tetragynous

   Tet`ra*gyn"i*an  (?),  Te*trag"y*nous  (?), a. (Bot.) Belonging to the
   order Tetragynia; having four styles.


   Tet`ra*he"dral (?), a. [See Tetrahedron.]

   1. Having, or composed of, four sides.

   2.  (Crystallog.)  (a) Having the form of the regular tetrahedron. (b)
   Pertaining or related to a tetrahedron, or to the system of hemihedral
   forms to which the tetrahedron belongs.
   Tetrahedral  angle  (Geom.), a solid angle bounded or inclosed by four
   plane angles.


   Tet`ra*he"dral*ly, adv. In a tetrahedral manner.


   Tet`ra*he"drite (?), n. [So called because the crystals of the species
   are  commonly tetrahedrons.] (Min.) A sulphide of antimony and copper,
   with  small  quantities  of  other  metals. It is a very common ore of
   copper,  and some varieties yield a considerable presentage of silver.
   Called also gray copper ore, fahlore, and panabase.


   Tet`ra*he"dron  (?),  n. [Tetra- + Gr. (Geom.) A solid figure inclosed
   or bounded by four triangles.

     NOTE: &hand; In   cr  ystallography, th e re gular te trahedron is 
     regarded as the hemihedral form of the regular octahedron.

   Regular tetrahedron (Geom.), a solid bounded by four equal equilateral
   triangles; one of the five regular solids.


   Tet`ra*hex`a*he"dral   (?),   a.   (Crystallog.)   Pertaining   to   a


   Tet`ra*hex`a*he"dron  (?),  n.  [Tetra- + hexahedron.] (Crystallog.) A
   solid in the isometric system, bounded by twenty-four equal triangular
   faces, four corresponding to each face of the cube.


   Tet`ra*kis*hex`a*he"dron  (?),  n.  [Gr.  hexahedron.] (Crystallog.) A


   Tet"ra*ko*sane`  (?),  n. [Tetra- + Gr. (Chem.) A hydrocarbon, C24H50,
   resembling paraffin, and like it belonging to the marsh-gas series; --
   so called from having twenty-four atoms of carbon in the molecule.


   Te*tral"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  Tetra-)  + t\'82tralogie.] (Gr. Drama) A
   group  or  series  of  four  dramatic  pieces, three tragedies and one
   satyric,  or  comic,  piece (or sometimes four tragedies), represented
   consequently on the Attic stage at the Dionysiac festival.

     NOTE: &hand; A  gr oup or  se ries of  th ree tr agedies, exhibited
     together without a fourth piese, was called a trilogy.


   Te*tram"e*ra  (?), n. pl. [NL. See Tetramerous.] (Zo\'94l.) A division
   of  Coleoptera  having, apparently, only four tarsal joints, one joint
   being rudimentary.


   Te*tram"er*ous (?), a. [Tetra- + Gr.

   1. (Bot.) Having the parts arranged in sets of four; as, a tetramerous

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having  four  joints  in each of the tarsi; -- said of
   certain insects.


   Te*tram"e*ter    (?),    n.    [L.    tetrametrus,   Gr.   Tetra-)   +
   t\'82tram\'8atre.]  (GR.  & Latin Pros.) A verse or line consisting of
   four  measures,  that is, in iambic, trochaic, and anapestic verse, of
   eight feet; in other kinds of verse, of four feet.


   Tet`ra*meth"yl*ene  (?),  n.  [Tetra-  +  methylene.]  (Chem.)  (a)  A
   hypothetical   hydrocarbon,   C4H8,  analogous  to  trimethylene,  and
   regarded  as  the  base  of  well-known  series  or  derivatives.  (b)
   Sometimes,  an  isomeric  radical  used to designate certain compounds
   which are really related to butylene.


   Tet"ra*morph  (?),  n.  [Tetra- + Gr. (Christian Art) The union of the
   four attributes of the Evangelists in one figure, which is represented
   as  winged,  and  standing  on  winged  fiery  wheels, the wings being
   covered  with  eyes. The representations of it are evidently suggested
   by the vision of Ezekiel (ch. i.)


   Te*tran"dri*a (?), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. Tetra-) + (Bot.) A Linn\'91an
   class of plants having four stamens.

                           Tetrandrian, Tetrandrous

   Te*tran"dri*an  (?),  Te*tran"drous  (?),  a.  (Bot.) Belonging to the
   class Tetrandria.

   Page 1492


   Te*tra"o*nid   (?),   n.   [L.   tetrao  a  heath  cock,  grouse,  Gr.
   t\'82traonide.]  (Zo\'94l.) A bird belonging to the tribe of which the
   genus  Tetrao  is  the  type, as the grouse, partridge, quail, and the
   like. Used also adjectively.


   Tet`ra*pet"al*ous  (?),  a.  [Tetra-  + petal.] (Bot.) Containing four
   distinct petals, or flower leaves; as, a tetrapetalous corolla.

                        Tetrapharmacom, Tetrapharmacum

   Tet`ra*phar"ma*com    (?),    Tet`ra*phar"ma*cum    (?),    n.    [NL.
   tetrapharmacon,  L. tetrapharmacum, Gr. Tetra-) + (Med.) A combination
   of wax, resin, lard, and pitch, composing an ointment. Brande & C.


   Tet`ra*phe"nol (?), n. [Tetra- + phenol.] (Chem.) Furfuran. [Obs.]


   Te*traph"yl*lous  (?),  a.  [Tetra-  +  Gr.  (Bot.)Having four leaves;
   consisting of four distinct leaves or leaflets.


   Tet"ra*pla (?), n.;

     NOTE: etymologically pl., but syntactically sing.

   [NL.,  fr. Gr. tetraplo`os, tetraploy^s, fourfold.] A Bible consisting
   of  four  different Greek versions arranged in four columns by Origen;
   hence, any version in four languages or four columns.


   Tet`ra*neu"mo*na (?), n. pl. [NL. See Tetra-, and Pneumo-.] (Zo\'94l.)
   A division of Arachnida including those spiders which have four lungs,
   or  pulmonary  sacs.  It  includes  the  bird spiders (Mygale) and the
   trapdoor spiders. See Mygale.


   Tet`rap*nue*mo"ni*an (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Tetrapneumona.


   Tet"ra*pod  (?),  n. [Gr. Tetra-) + (Zo\'94l.) An insect characterized
   by having but four perfect legs, as certain of the butterflies.


   Te*trap"o*dy (?), n. [Gr. A set of four feet; a measure or distance of
   four feet.


   Te*trap"ter*an (?), n. [See Tetrapterous.] (Zo\'94l.) An insect having
   four wings.


   Te*trap"ter*ous (?), a. [Gr. Tetra-) + (Zo\'94l.) Having four wings.


   Tet"rap*tote (?), n. [L. tetraptotum, Gr. (Gram.) A noun that has four
   cases only. Andrews.


   Te"trarch  (?),  n.  [L.  tetrarches,  Gr. Tetra-) + t\'82trarque. See
   Arch,  a.]  (Rom.  Antiq.)  A  Roman  governor of the fourth part of a
   province;  hence,  any  subordinate or dependent prince; also, a petty
   king or sovereign.


   Te"trarch, a. Four. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Te*trarch"ate   (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  t\'82trarchat.]  (Rom.  Antiq.)  A


   Te*trarch"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a tetrarch or
   tetrarchy. Bolingbroke.


   Tet"rarch*y   (?),  n.;  pl.  Tetrarchies  (#).  [L.  tetrarchia,  Gr.
   t\'82trarchie.] (Rom. Antiq.) The district under a Roman tetrarch; the
   office or jurisdiction of a tetrarch; a tetrarchate.


   Tet`ra*schis"tic  (?),  a. [Gr. (Biol.) Characterized by division into
   four parts.


   Tet`ra*sep"al*ous (?), a. [Tetra- + sepal.] (Bot.) Having four sepals.


   Tet`ra*spas"ton  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. Tetra-) + (Mach.) A machine in
   which four pulleys act together. Brande & C.


   Tet`ra*sper"mous  (?),  a.  [Tetra-  +  Gr.  (Bot.) Having four seeds.
   Tetraspermous plant, a plant which produces four seeds in each flower.


   Tet"ra*spore  (?),  n. [Tetra- + spore.] (Bot.) A nonsexual spore, one
   of   a   group  of  four  regularly  occurring  in  red  seaweeds.  --
   Tet`ra*spor"ic (#), a.


   Te*tras"tich  (?),  n.  [L.  tetrastichon,  Gr.  Tetra-)  +  A stanza,
   epigram, or poem, consisting of four verses or lines. Pope.


   Tet"ra*style  (?),  a.  [L.  tetrastylon, Gr. Tetra-) + (Arch.) Having
   four  columns in front; -- said of a temple, portico, or colonnade. --
   n. A tetrastyle building.

                        Tetrasyllabic, Tetrasyllabical

   Tet`ra*syl*lab"ic   (?),   Tet`ra*syl*lab"ic*al   (?),   a.   [Cf.  F.
   t\'82trasyllabique.]   Consisting   of,  or  having,  four  syllables;


   Ter"ra*syl`la*ble   (?),  n.  [Tetra-  +  syllable:  cf.  Gr.  A  word
   consisting of four syllables; a quadrisyllable.


   Tet`ra*the"cal   (?),   a.  [Tetra-  +  thecal.]  (Bot.)  Having  four
   loculaments, or thec\'91.


   Tet`ra*thi"on*ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of tetrathionic acid.


   Tet`ra*thi*on"ic  (?),  a.  [Tetra- + thionic.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining
   to, or designating, a thionic derivative, H


   Tet`ra*tom"ic  (?),  a.  [Tetra-  + atomic.] (Chem.) (a) Consisting of
   four  atoms;  having  four  atoms  in  the molecule, as phosphorus and
   arsenic.  (b)  Having  a  valence  of four; quadrivalent; tetravalent;
   sometimes,  in  a specific sense, having four hydroxyl groups, whether
   acid or basic.


   Te*trav"a*lence  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  The  quality  or  state  of  being
   tetravalent; quadrivalence.


   Te*trav"a*lent  (?),  a.  [Tetra-  + L. valens, -entis, p.pr.] (Chem.)
   Having a valence of four; tetratomic; quadrivalent.


   Te*trax"ile  (?), a. [Tetra- + axile.] (Zo\'94l.) Having four branches
   diverging at right angles; -- said of certain spicules of sponges.


   Tet*raz"o-  (?), a. [Tetra- + azo\'cf.] (Chem.) A combining form (also
   used   adjectively),  designating  any  one  of  a  series  of  double
   derivatives  of  the  azo and diazo compounds containing four atoms of


   Tet"ra*zone  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  Any  one  of a certain series of basic
   compounds  containing  a  chain  of  four nitrogen atoms; for example,
   ethyl  tetrazone,  (C2H5)2N.N2.N(C2H5)2,  a colorless liquid having an
   odor of leeks.

                               Tetric, Tetrical

   Tet"ric  (?),  Tet"ri*cal (?), a. [L. tetricus, taetricus, from teter,
   taeter,  offensive,  foul.]  Forward;  perverse;  harsh; sour; rugged.
   [Obs.] -- Tet"ric*al*ness, n.


   Te*tric"i*ty   (?),  n.  [L.  tetricitas,  taetricitas.]  Crabbedness;
   perverseness. [Obs.]


   Tet"ric*ous (?), a. Tetric. [Obs.]


   Te*trin"ic  (?),  a.  [See  Tetra-.]  (Chem.)  Of,  pertaining  to, or
   designating,  a  complex  ketonic  acid,  C5H6O3,  obtained as a white
   crystalline substance; -- so called because once supposed to contain a
   peculiar  radical  of  four  carbon  atoms. Called also acetyl-acrylic


   Tet"ro*don  (?),  n.  [Tetra-  +  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of numerous
   species of plectognath fishes belonging to Tetrodon and allied genera.
   Each  jaw  is  furnished  with two large, thick, beaklike, bony teeth.
   [Written also tetradon.]

     NOTE: &hand; Th e skin is usually spinous, and the belly is capable
     of  being  greatly  distended  by  air  or  water.  It includes the
     swellfish, puffer (a), and similar species.


   Tet"ro*dont  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the tetrodons. --
   n. A tetrodon. [Written also tetradont, and tetraodont.]


   Tet"rol (?), n. [Tetra- + benzol.] (Chem.) A hypothetical hydrocarbon,
   C4H4, analogous to benzene; -- so called from the four carbon atoms in
   the molecule. Tetrol phenol, furfuran. [Obs.]


   Tet*rol"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid,
   C3H3.CO2H,  of  the  acetylene series, homologous with propiolic acid,
   obtained as a white crystalline substance.


   Tet*rox"ide  (?), n. [Tetra\'cf + oxide.] (Chem.) An oxide having four
   atoms  of  oxygen in the molecule; a quadroxide; as, osmium tetroxide,


   Tet"ryl  (?),  n.  [Tetra\'cf + -yl.] (Chem.) Butyl; -- so called from
   the four carbon atoms in the molecule.


   Tet"ryl*ene  (?),  n.  [Tetra\'cf + ethylene.] (Chem.) Butylene; -- so
   called from the four carbon atoms in the molecule.


   Tet"ter  (?),  n.  [OE.  teter,  AS.  teter,  tetr; akin to G. zitter,
   zittermal,  OHG.  zittaroch,  Skr.  dadru,  dadruka,  a  sort  of skin
   disease. \'fb63, 240.] (Med.) A vesicular disease of the skin; herpes.
   See  Herpes.  Honeycomb  tetter (Med.), favus. -- Moist tetter (Med.),
   eczema.  --  Scaly  tetter (Med.), psoriasis. Tetter berry (Bot.), the
   white bryony.


   Tet"ter, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tettered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tettering.]
   To affect with tetter. Shak.


   Tet"ter*ous (?), a. Having the character of, or pertaining to, tetter.


   Tet"ter-tot`ter  (?),  n.  [See  Teeter.]  A certain game of children;
   seesaw; -- called also titter-totter, and titter-cum-totter.


   Tet"ter*wort`  (?),  n. (Bot.) A plant used as a remedy for tetter, --
   in England the calendine, in America the bloodroot.


   Tet`ti*go"ni*an (?), n. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of
   Hemiptera belonging to Tettigonia and allied genera; a leaf hopper.


   Tet"tish (?), a. [Cf. Testy.] Captious; testy. [Written also teatish.]
   [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Tet"tix (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr.

   1. (Zo\'94l.) The cicada. [Obs. or R.]

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of small grasshoppers.


   Tet"ty (?), a. Testy; irritable. [Obs.] Burton.


   Teu"fit (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The lapwing; -- called also teuchit. [Prov.


   Teuk (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The redshank. [Prov. Eng.]


   Teu"ton  (?),  n.;  pl. E. Teutons (#), L. Teutones (#). [L. Teutones,
   Teutoni, the name of a Germanic people, probably akin to E. Dutch. Cf.

   1. One of an ancient German tribe; later, a name applied to any member
   of  the  Germanic  race  in  Europe;  now  used to designate a German,
   Dutchman,  Scandinavian,  etc., in distinction from a Celt or one of a
   Latin race.

   2.  A  member  of  the Teutonic branch of the Indo-European, or Aryan,


   Teu*ton"ic  (?),  a.  [L.  Teutonicus,  from Teutoni, or Teutones. See

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  Teutons,  esp.  the  ancient Teutons;

   2.  Of  or pertaining to any of the Teutonic languages, or the peoples
   who speak these languages.
   Teutonic  languages,  a  group  of languages forming a division of the
   Indo-European,  or  Aryan,  family, and embracing the High German, Low
   German,  Gothic,  and Scandinavian dialects and languages. -- Teutonic
   order,  a  military religious order of knights, established toward the
   close  of  the  twelfth  century,  in  imitation  of  the Templars and
   Hospitalers,  and  composed  chiefly of Teutons, or Germans. The order
   rapidly increased in numbers and strength till it became master of all
   Prussia,  Livonia,  and  Pomerania.  In  its decay it was abolished by
   Napoleon; but it has been revived as an honorary order.


   Teu*ton"ic  (?),  n. The language of the ancient Germans; the Teutonic
   languages, collectively.


   Teu*ton"i*cism  (?),  n.  A  mode of speech peculiar to the Teutons; a
   Teutonic  idiom,  phrase,  or expression; a Teutonic mode or custom; a


   Tew  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tewed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tewing.] [OE.
   tewen, tawen. \'fb64. See Taw, v.]

   1. To prepare by beating or working, as leather or hemp; to taw.

   2. Hence, to beat; to scourge; also, to pull about; to maul; to tease;
   to vex. [Obs. or Prov. Eng. & Scot.]


   Tew, v. i. To work hard; to strive; to fuse. [Local]


   Tew,  v.  t.  [Cf.  Taw to tow, Tow, v. t.] To tow along, as a vessel.
   [Obs.] Drayton.


   Tew,  n.  A  rope  or chain for towing a boat; also, a cord; a string.
   [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   Te"wan (?), n. (Ethnol.) A tribe of American Indians including many of
   the Pueblos of New Mexico and adjacent regions.


   Tewed  (?),  a. Fatigued; worn with labor or hardship. [Obs. or Local]
   Mir. for Mag.


   Tew"el  (?),  n.  [OE.  tuel,  OF.  tuiel, tuel, F. tuyau; of Teutonic
   origin; cf. Dan. tud, D. tuit, Prov. G. zaute. Cf. Tuy\'8are.]

   1. A pipe, funnel, or chimney, as for smoke. Chaucer.

   2. The tuy\'8are of a furnace.


   Te"whit  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  lapwing;  -- called also teewheep.
   [Prov. Eng.]


   Tew"taw  (?),  v.  t.  [See  Tew, v. t.] To beat; to break, as flax or
   hemp. [Obs.] Mortimer.


   Tex"as  (?),  n.  A  structure  on  the  hurricane  deck of a steamer,
   containing  the  pilot  house,  officers'  cabins, etc. [Western U.S.]


   Text  (?),  n.  [F. texte, L. textus, texture, structure, context, fr.
   texere,  textum,  to  weave, construct, compose; cf. Gr. taksh to cut,
   carve, make. Cf. Context, Mantle, n., Pretext, Tissue, Toil a snare.]

   1.  A  discourse  or  composition  on  which  a  note or commentary is
   written;  the  original  words  of  an  author,  in distinction from a
   paraphrase, annotation, or commentary. Chaucer.

   2.  (O. Eng. Law) The four Gospels, by way of distinction or eminence.

   3.  A  verse  or  passage  of  Scripture, especially one chosen as the
   subject of a sermon, or in proof of a doctrine.

     How oft, when Paul has served us with a text, Has Epictetus, Plato,
     Tully, preached! Cowper.

   4.  Hence,  anything  chosen  as  the subject of an argument, literary
   composition, or the like; topic; theme.

   5.  A  style of writing in large characters; text-hand also, a kind of
   type used in printing; as, German text. <-- 6. That part of a document
   (printed or electronic) comprising the words, especially the main body
   of  expository  words,  in  contrast  to  the illustrations, pictures,
   charts,  tables,  or  other  formatted  material which contain graphic
   elements as a major component. 7. Any communication composed of words.
   8. A textbook. -->
   Text  blindness.  (Physiol.)  See  Word blindness, under Word. -- Text
   letter,  a  large  or  capital  letter.  [Obs.] -- Text pen, a kind of
   metallic pen used in engrossing, or in writing text-hand.


   Text,  v.  t.  To  write  in large characters, as in text hand. [Obs.]
   Beau. & Fl.


   Text"-book` (?), n.

   1. A book with wide spaces between the lines, to give room for notes.

   2.  A volume, as of some classical author, on which a teacher lectures
   or comments; hence, any manual of instruction; a schoolbook.


   Text"-hand`  (?),  n. A large hand in writing; -- so called because it
   was  the  practice to write the text of a book in a large hand and the
   notes in a smaller hand.


   Tex"tile  (?),  a.  [L. textilis, fr. texere to weave: cf. F. textile.
   See  Text.]  Pertaining  to  weaving  or to woven fabrics; as, textile
   arts;  woven,  capable  of being woven; formed by weaving; as, textile
   fabrics.  Textile  cone  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  cone  shell (Conus
   textilis)  in  which  the  colors  are  arranged so that they resemble
   certain kinds of cloth.


   Tex"tile,  n.  That  which  is,  or  may  be,  woven; a fabric made by
   weaving. Bacon.


   Text"man  (?), n.; pl. Textmen (. One ready in quoting texts. [R.] Bp.


   Tex*to"ri*al  (?),  a. [L. textorius, fr. textor a weaver, fr. texere,
   textum, to weave.] Of or pertaining to weaving. T. Warton.


   Tex"trine (?), a. [L. textrinus, for textorinus, fr. textor a weaver.]
   Of or pertaining to weaving, textorial; as, the textrine art. Denham.


   Tex"tu*al (?), a. [OE. textuel, F. textuel.]

   1.  Of,  pertaining  to,  or  contained  in,  the  text;  as,  textual
   criticism; a textual reading. Milton.

   2. Serving for, or depending on, texts. Bp. Hall.

   3.  Familiar  with texts or authorities so as to cite them accurately.
   "I am not textuel." Chaucer.


   Tex"tu*al*ist, n. A textman; a textuary. Lightfoot.


   Tex"tu*al*ly, adv. In a textual manner; in the text or body of a work;
   in accordance with the text.


   Tex"tu*a*rist (?), n. A textuary. [R.]


   Tex"tu*a*ry (?), a. [Cf. F. textuaire.]

   1. Contained in the text; textual. Sir T. Browne.

   2. Serving as a text; authoritative. Glanvill.


   Tex"tu*a*ry, n. [Cf. F. textuaire.]

   1. One who is well versed in the Scriptures; a textman. Bp. Bull.

   2. One who adheres strictly or rigidly to the text.


   Tex"tu*el (?), a. Textual. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Tex"tu*ist, n. A textualist; a textman. [Obs.]

     The crabbed textualists of his time. Milton.


   Tex"tur*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to texture.


   Tex"ture  (?),  n.  [L.  textura, fr. texere, textum, to weave: cf. F.
   texture. See Text.]

   1. The act or art of weaving. [R.] Sir T. Browne.

   2. That which woven; a woven fabric; a web. Milton.

     Others,  apart  far  in the grassy dale, Or roughening waste, their
     humble texture weave. Thomson.

   3.  The  disposition  or  connection  of  threads, filaments, or other
   slender  bodies, interwoven; as, the texture of cloth or of a spider's

   4. The disposition of the several parts of any body in connection with
   each  other,  or the manner in which the constituent parts are united;
   structure;  as,  the  texture  of  earthy  substances or minerals; the
   texture of a plant or a bone; the texture of paper; a loose or compact

   5. (Biol.) A tissue. See Tissue.

   Page 1493


   Tex"ture  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Textured (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Texturing.] To form a texture of or with; to interweave. [R.]


   Tex"tur*y  (?),  n. The art or process of weaving; texture. [Obs.] Sir
   T. Browne.


   Teyne  (?),  n.  [See Tain.] A thin plate of metal. [Obs.] "A teyne of
   silver." Chaucer.


   Th.  In  Old  English,  the article the, when the following word began
   with a vowel, was often written with elision as if a part of the word.
   Thus in Chaucer, the forms thabsence, tharray, thegle, thend, thingot,
   etc., are found for the absence, the array, the eagle, the end, etc.

                                Thack, Thacker

   Thack  (?),  Thack"er (?). See Thatch, Thatcher. [Obs. or Prov. Eng. &


   Thak (?), v. t. To thwack. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Thal`a*men*ceph"a*lon  (?),  n.  [NL.  See  Thalamus, and Encephalon.]
   (Anat.)  The  segment  of  the  brain  next  in front of the midbrain,
   including   the   thalami,  pineal  gland,  and  pituitary  body;  the
   diencephalon; the interbrain.


   Tha*lam"ic  (?),  a.  (Anat.)  Of  or  pertaining  to a thalamus or to

                         Thalamifloral, Thalamiflorous

   Thal`a*mi*flo"ral  (?),  Thal`a*mi*flo"rous (?), a. [See Thalamus, and
   Floral.]  (Bot.)  Bearing  the  stamens directly on the receptacle; --
   said of a subclass of polypetalous dicotyledonous plants in the system
   of De Candolle.


   Thal"a*mo*c\'d2le`  (?),  n.  [Thalamic  +  Cg.  (Anat.) The cavity or
   ventricle of the thalamencephalon; the third ventricle.


   Thal`a*moph"o*ra  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  Same  as


   Thal"a*mus (?), n.; pl. Thalami (#). [L. thalamus chamber, Gr.

   1.  (Anat.)  A  mass  of  nervous  matter  on either side of the third
   ventricle of the brain; -- called also optic thalamus.

   2.  (Bot.)  (a)  Same  as  Thallus.  (b) The receptacle of a flower; a


   Tha*las"si*an (?), n. [From Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Any sea tortoise.


   Tha*las"sic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Geol.)  Of  or pertaining to the sea; --
   sometimes  applied  to  rocks formed from sediments deposited upon the
   sea bottom.


   Thal`as*sin"i*an (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any species of Thalaassinid\'91, a
   family  of  burrowing  macrurous  Crustacea,  having  a  long and soft


   Thal`as*sog"ra*phy  (?), n. [Gr. -graphy.] The study or science of the
   life of marine organisms. Agassiz.


   Tha"ler  (?),  n.  [G.  See  Dollar.] A German silver coin worth about
   three shillings sterling, or about 73 cents.


   Tha*li"a  (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. (Class. Myth.) (a) That one of the nine
   Muses  who  presided over comedy. (b) One of the three Graces. (c) One
   of the Nereids.


   Tha`li*a"ce*a  (?),  n. pl. [NL. See Thalia.] (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   Tunicata  comprising  the  free-swimming  species,  such  as Salpa and


   Tha*li"an  (?), a. Of or pertaining to Thalia; hence, of or pertaining
   to comedy; comic.


   Thal"late (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of a hypothetical thallic acid.


   Thal"lene  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  hydrocarbon  obtained  from  coal-tar
   residues, and remarkable for its intense yellowish green fluorescence.


   Thal"lic  (?),  a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to thallium; derived from,
   or  containing, thallium; specifically, designating those compounds in
   which the element has a higher valence as contrasted with the thallous
   compounds; as, thallic oxide.


   Thal"line (?), a. (Bot.) Consisting of a thallus.


   Thal"line (?), n. [Gr. (Chem.) An artificial alkaloid of the quinoline
   series,  obtained  as  a  white crystalline substance, C10H13NO, whose
   salts  are valuable as antipyretics; -- so called from the green color
   produced in its solution by certain oxidizing agents.


   Thal"li*ous (?), a. (Chem.) See Thallous.


   Thal"li*um  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. green line in its spectrum.] (Chem.)
   A rare metallic element of the aluminium group found in some minerals,
   as  certain  pyrites,  and  also  in  the  lead-chamber deposit in the
   manufacture of sulphuric acid. It is isolated as a heavy, soft, bluish
   white  metal,  easily  oxidized in moist air, but preserved by keeping
   under water. Symbol Tl. Atomic weight 203.7.


   Thal"lo*gen  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -gen.]  (Bot.)  One  of  a large class or
   division  of  the  vegetable  kingdom, which includes those flowerless
   plants, such as fungi, alg\'91, and lichens, that consist of a thallus
   only, composed of cellular tissue, or of a congeries of cells, or even
   of  separate  cells, and never show a distinction into root, stem, and


   Thal"loid  (?),  a. [Thallus + -oid.] (Bot.) Resembling, or consisting
   of, thallus.


   Thal"lo*phyte (?), n. [Gr. (Bot.) Same as Thallogen.


   Thal"lous  (?), a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to thallium; derived from,
   or  containing, thallium; specifically, designating those compounds in
   which  the  element has a lower valence as contrasted with the thallic
   compounds. [Written also thallious.]


   Thal"lus (?), n.; pl. Thalli (#). [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A solid mass of
   cellular tissue, consisting of one or more layers, usually in the form
   of  a flat stratum or expansion, but sometimes erect or pendulous, and
   elongated and branching, and forming the substance of the thallogens.

                                Thammuz, Tammuz

   Tham"muz (?), Tam"muz (?), n. [Heb. thamm\'d4z.]

   1.  A  deity  among  the  ancient Syrians, in honor of whom the Hebrew
   idolatresses   held   an  annual  lamentation.  This  deity  has  been
   conjectured  to  be  the  same  with the Ph\'d2nician Adon, or Adonis.

   2.  The fourth month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, -- supposed to
   correspond nearly with our month of July.


   Tham"no*phile (?), n. [Gr. qa`mnos a bush + fi`los loving.] (Zo\'94l.)
   A bush shrike.


   Tha"myn  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) An Asiatic deer (Rucervus Eldi) resembling
   the swamp deer; -- called also Eld's deer.


   Than  (?),  conj. [OE. than, thon, then, thanne, thonne, thenne, than,
   then, AS. \'ebanne, \'ebonne, \'eb\'91nne; akin to D. dan, OHG. danne,
   G. dann then, denn than, for, Goth. \'edan then, and to E. the, there,
   that.  See That, and cf. Then.] A particle expressing comparison, used
   after  certain  adjectives  and  adverbs  which  express comparison or
   diversity,  as  more,  better,  other,  otherwise, and the like. It is
   usually  followed  by  the  object  compared  in  the nominative case.
   Sometimes,  however,  the  object  compared is placed in the objective
   case,   and   than  is  then  considered  by  some  grammarians  as  a
   preposition.  Sometimes the object is expressed in a sentence, usually
   introduced  by  that;  as,  I would rather suffer than that you should

     Behold, a greater than Solomon is here. Matt. xii. 42.

     Which  when  Beelzebub  perceived,  than  whom,  Satan except, none
     higher sat. Milton.

     It's  wiser being good than bad; It's safer being meek than fierce;
     It's fitter being sane than mad. R. Browning.


   Than, adv. Then. See Then. [Obs.] Gower.

     Thanne longen folk to gon on pilgrimages. Chaucer.


   Than"age  (?),  n.  The  district  in  which  a  thane  anciently  had
   jurisdiction; thanedom.


   Than"a*toid   (?),   a.   [Gr.  -oid.]  Deathlike;  resembling  death.


   Than`a*tol"o*gy  (?),  n. [Gr. -logy.] A description, or the doctrine,
   of death. Dunglison.


   Than`a*top"sis  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. A view of death; a meditation on
   the subject of death. Bryant.


   Thane (?), n. [OE. thein, \'edein, AS. \'edegen, \'edegn; akin to OHG.
   degan  a  follower,  warrior,  boy,  MHG. degen a hero, G. degen hero,
   soldier,  Icel.  \'edegn  a  thane,  a  freeman;  probably akin to Gr.
   \'edius  servant,  AS.  \'ede\'a2n,  G.  dienen to serve.] A dignitary
   under  the  Anglo-Saxons and Danes in England. Of these there were two
   orders,  the king's thanes, who attended the kings in their courts and
   held  lands  immediately  of  them,  and the ordinary thanes, who were
   lords  of  manors  and  who  had  particular jurisdiction within their
   limits. After the Conquest, this title was disused, and baron took its

     NOTE: &hand; Am ong th e ancient Scots, thane was a title of honor,
     which seems gradually to have declined in its significance.



   Thane"dom  (?),  n.  The property or jurisdiction of a thane; thanage.
   Sir W. Scott.


   Thane"hood  (?), n. The character or dignity of a thane; also, thanes,
   collectively. J. R. Green.


   Thane"ship,  n.  The state or dignity of a thane; thanehood; also, the
   seignioralty of a thane.


   Thank  (?),  n.; pl. Thanks (#). [AS. \'edanc, \'edonc, thanks, favor,
   thought;  akin  to  OS.  thank  favor,  pleasure, thanks, D. & G. dank
   thanks,  Icel.  \'ed\'94kk, Dan. tak, Sw. tack, Goth. \'edagks thanks;
   --  originally,  a  thought,  a  thinking. See Think.] A expression of
   gratitude;  an  acknowledgment  expressive  of  a  sense  of  favor or
   kindness  received; obligation, claim, or desert, or gratitude; -- now
   generally used in the plural. "This ceremonial thanks." Massinger.

     If ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for
     sinners also do even the same. Luke vi. 33.

     What great thank, then, if any man, reputed wise and constant, will
     neither do, nor permit others under his charge to do, that which he
     approves not, especially in matter of sin? Milton.

     Thanks,  thanks  to  thee,  most worthy friend, For the lesson thou
     hast taught. Longfellow.

   His  thanks,  Her  thanks, etc., of his or her own accord; with his or
   her good will; voluntary. [Obs.]

     Full  sooth  is  said  that love ne lordship, Will not, his thanks,
     have no fellowship. Chaucer.

   -- In thank, with thanks or thankfulness. [Obs.] -- Thank offering, an
   offering made as an expression of thanks.


   Thank (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Thanked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Thanking.]
   [AS. \'edancian. See Thank, n.] To express gratitude to (anyone) for a
   favor;  to  make acknowledgments to (anyone) for kindness bestowed; --
   used also ironically for blame.

     "Graunt mercy, lord, that thank I you," quod she. Chaucer.

     I thank thee for thine honest care. Shak.

     Weigh  the  danger  with  the doubtful bliss, And thank yourself if
     aught should fall amiss. Dryden.


   Thank"ful (?), a. [AS. \'edancfull.]

   1. Obtaining or deserving thanks; thankworthy. [R.]

     Ladies,  look  here;  this  is  the  thankful  glass That mends the
     looker's eyes; this is the well That washes what it shows. Herbert.

   2.  Impressed  with  a  sense  of  kindness  received,  and  ready  to
   acknowledge it; grateful.

     Be thankful unto him, and bless his name. Ps. c. 4.

   -- Thank"ful*ly, adv. -- Thank"ful*ness, n.


   Thank"less, a.

   1.  Not acknowledging favors; not expressing thankfulness; unthankful;

     That  she may feel How sharper than a serpent's tooth it is To have
     a thankless child! Shak.

   2.  Not  obtaining  or deserving thanks; unacceptable; as, a thankless

     To  shepherd thankless, but by thieves that love the night allowed.

   -- Thank"less*ly (#), adv. -- Thank"less*ness, n.


   Thank"ly, adv. Thankfully. [Obs.] Sylvester (Du Bartas).


   Thanks"give  (?),  v. t. To give or dedicate in token of thanks. [Obs.
   or R.] Mede.


   Thanks"giv`er  (?),  n.  One  who  gives  thanks,  or  acknowledges  a
   kindness. Barrow.


   Thanks"giv`ing (?), n.

   1.  The  act  of rending thanks, or expressing gratitude for favors or

     Every  creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be
     received with thanksgiving. 1 Tim. iv. 4.

     In the thanksgiving before meat. Shak.

     And   taught  by  thee  the  Church  prolongs  Her  hymns  of  high
     thanksgiving still. Keble.

   2.  A public acknowledgment or celebration of divine goodness; also, a
   day  set  apart  for  religious services, specially to acknowledge the
   goodness  of God, either in any remarkable deliverance from calamities
   or danger, or in the ordinary dispensation of his bounties.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e Un ited St ates it  is  now customary for the
     President  by  proclamation  to appoint annually a day (usually the
     last  Thursday  in  November) of thanksgiving and praise to God for
     the  mercies  of  the past year. This is an extension of the custom
     long  prevailing  in several States in which an annual Thanksgiving
     day has been appointed by proclamation of the governor.


   Thank"wor`thi*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being thankworthy.


   Thank"wor`thy   (?),   a.   Deserving  thanks;  worthy  of  gratitude;

     For  this  thankworthy, if a man, for conscience toward God, endure
     grief, suffering wrongfully. 1 Pet. ii. 19.


   Thar  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A goatlike animal (Capra Jemlaica) native of
   the   Himalayas.  It  has  small,  flattened  horns,  curved  directly
   backward.  The  hair  of the neck, shoulders, and chest of the male is
   very long, reaching to the knees. Called also serow, and imo. [Written
   also thaar, and tahr.]


   Thar,  v.  impersonal,  pres. [OE. thar, \'edarf, AS. \'edearf, infin.
   \'edurfan  to  need;  akin to OHG. durfan, G. d\'81rfen to be allowed,
   Icel.  \'edurfa  to need, Goth. \'eda\'a3rban.] It needs; need. [Obs.]
   Piers Plowman.

     What thar thee reck or care? Chaucer.


   Tharms  (?),  n.  pl. [AS. \'edearm a gut; akin to D. & G. darm, Icel.
   \'edarmr, Sw. & Dan. tarm. \'fb53.] Twisted guts. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   Tha"ros  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small  American butterfly (Phycoides
   tharos)  having  the upper surface of the wings variegated with orange
   and  black,  the  outer  margins  black with small white crescents; --
   called also pearl crescent.


   That  (?), pron., a., conj., & adv. [AS. \'eb\'91t, neuter nom. & acc.
   sing.  of  the  article (originally a demonstrative pronoun). The nom.
   masc.  s\'c7,  and the nom. fem. se\'a2 are from a different root. AS.
   \'eb\'91t  is  akin to D. dat, G. das, OHG. daz, Sw. & Dan. det, Icel.
   \'edat  (masc.  s\'be,  fem.  s\'d3),  Goth.  \'edata  (masc. sa, fem.
   s\'d3),  Gr.  tat (for tad, masc. sas, fem. s\'be); cf. L. istud that.
   \'fb184. Cf. The, Their, They, Them, This, Than, Since.]

   1. As a demonstrative pronoun (pl. Those), that usually points out, or
   refers  to,  a person or thing previously mentioned, or supposed to be
   understood. That, as a demonstrative, may precede the noun to which it
   refers;  as,  that  which he has said is true; those in the basket are
   good apples.

     The  early fame of Gratian was equal to that of the most celebrated
     princes. Gibbon.

     NOTE: &hand; That may refer to an entire sentence or paragraph, and
     not  merely  to a word. It usually follows, but sometimes precedes,
     the sentence referred to.

     That  be  far  from  thee,  to  do  after  this manner, to slay the
     righteous with the wicked. Gen. xviii. 25.

     And when Moses heard that, he was content. Lev. x. 20.

     I will know your business, Harry, that I will. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; That is often used in opposition to this, or by way of
     distinction,  and in such cases this, like the Latin hic and French
     ceci,  generally  refers  to  that  which is nearer, and that, like
     Latin ille and French cela, to that which is more remote. When they
     refer  to  foreign  words  or phrases, this generally refers to the
     latter, and that to the former.

     Two  principles  in  human  nature  reign;  Self-love, to urge, and
     Reason, to restrain; Nor this a good, nor that a bad we call. Pope.

     If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this or that. James iv. 16.

   2.  As  an  adjective,  that  has  the same demonstrative force as the
   pronoun, but is followed by a noun.

     It  shall  be  more  tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of
     judgment, than for that city. Matt. x. 15.

     The woman was made whole from that hour. Matt. ix. 22.

     NOTE: &hand; That was formerly sometimes used with the force of the
     article  the, especially in the phrases that one, that other, which
     were  subsequently  corrupted  into th'tone, th'tother (now written

     Upon a day out riden knightes two . . . That one of them came home,
     that other not. Chaucer.

   3.  As a relative pronoun, that is equivalent to who or which, serving
   to  point  out,  and  make  definite,  a person or thing spoken of, or
   alluded to, before, and may be either singular or plural.

     He that reproveth a scorner getteth to himself shame. Prov. ix. 7.

     A  judgment that is equal and impartial must incline to the greater
     probabilities. Bp. Wilkins.

   Page 1494

     NOTE: &hand; If  th e re lative clause simply conveys an additional
     idea,  and is not properly explanatory or restrictive, who or which
     (rarely that) is employed; as, the king that (or who) rules well is
     generally  popular; Victoria, who (not that) rules well, enjoys the
     confidence  of her subjects. Ambiguity may in some cases be avoided
     in  the use of that (which is restrictive) instead of who or which,
     likely  to be understood in a co\'94rdinating sense. Bain. That was
     formerly  used  for that which, as what is now; but such use is now

     We  speak that we do know, and testify that we have seen. John iii.

     That I have done it is thyself to wite [blame]. Chaucer.

     That,  as  a  relative pronoun, cannot be governed by a preposition
     preceding it, but may be governed by one at the end of the sentence
     which it commences.

     The ship that somebody was sailing in. Sir W. Scott.

     In  Old  English,  that  was often used with the demonstratives he,
     his,  him,  etc.,  and the two together had the force of a relative
     pronoun; thus, that he = who; that his = whose; that him = whom.

     I saw to-day a corpse yborn to church That now on Monday last I saw
     him wirche [work]. Chaucer.

     Formerly,  that  was  used,  where  we now commonly use which, as a
     relative  pronoun  with  the  demonstrative  pronoun  that  as  its

     That that dieth, let it die; and that that is to cut off, let it be
     cut off. Zech. xi. 9.

   4. As a conjunction, that retains much of its force as a demonstrative
   pronoun.  It  is  used,  specifically:  --  (a)  To introduce a clause
   employed  as  the  object  of the preceding verb, or as the subject or
   predicate nominative of a verb.

     She  tells them 't is a causeless fantasy, And childish error, that
     they are afraid. Shak.

     I  have shewed before, that a mere possibility to the contrary, can
     by no means hinder a thing from being highly credible. Bp. Wilkins.

   (b)  To  introduce,  a  reason or cause; -- equivalent to for that, in
   that, for the reason that, because.

     He does hear me; And that he does, I weep. Shak.

   (c)  To introduce a purpose; -- usually followed by may, or might, and
   frequently preceded by so, in order, to the end, etc.

     These things I say, that ye might be saved. John v. 34.

     To the end that he may prolong his days. Deut. xvii. 20.

   (d) To introduce a consequence, result, or effect; -- usually preceded
   by so or such, sometimes by that.

     The  birds  their notes renew, and bleating herds Attest their joy,
     that hill and valley rings. Milton.

     He gazed so long That both his eyes were dazzled. Tennyson.

   (e)  To  introduce  a  clause denoting time; -- equivalent to in which
   time, at which time, when.

     So  wept  Duessa  until eventide, That shining lamps in Jove's high
     course were lit. Spenser.

     Is  not  this the day That Hermia should give answer of her choice?

   (f)  In  an  elliptical  sentence  to  introduce  a dependent sentence
   expressing a wish, or a cause of surprise, indignation, or the like.

     Ha,  cousin Silence, that thou hadst seen that that this knight and
     I have seen! Shak.

   <-- = if only . . . = if -->

     O God, that right should thus overcome might! Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Th at wa s fo rmerly added to other conjunctions or to
     adverbs to make them emphatic.

     To try if that our own be ours or no. Shak.

     That  is  sometimes  used  to  connect  a  clause  with a preceding
     conjunction on which it depends.

     When  he had carried Rome and that we looked For no less spoil than
     glory. Shak.

   5.  As  adverb:  To  such  a degree; so; as, he was that frightened he
   could say nothing. [Archaic or in illiteral use.]<-- = so -->
   All that, everything of that kind; all that sort.

     With singing, laughing, ogling, and all that. Pope.

     The  rank  is but the guinea's stamp, The man's the gowd [gold] for
     a'that. Burns.

   -- For that. See under For, prep. -- In that. See under In, prep.


   Thatch  (?), n. [OE. thak, AS. \'ed\'91c a roof; akin to \'edeccean to
   cover,  D. dak a roof, dekken to cover, G. dach a roof, decken 8cover,
   Icel.  \'edak  a roof, Sw. tak, Dan. tag, Lith. st\'d3gas, Ir. teagh a
   house,  Gael. teach, tigh, W. ty, L. tegere to cover, toga a toga, Gr.
   sthag. Cf. Deck, Integument, Tile, Toga.]

   1.  Straw,  rushes, or the like, used for making or covering the roofs
   of buildings, or of stacks of hay or grain.

   2.  (Bot.)  A  name  in the West Indies for several kinds of palm, the
   leaves of which are used for thatching.
   Thatch sparrow, the house sparrow. [Prov. Eng.]


   Thatch,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Thatched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Thatching.]
   [From  Thatch,  n.: cf. OE. thecchen, AS. to cover.] To cover with, or
   with a roof of, straw, reeds, or some similar substance; as, to thatch
   a roof, a stable, or a stack of grain.


   Thatch"er (?), n. One who thatches.


   Thatch"ing, n.

   1. The act or art of covering buildings with thatch; so as to keep out
   rain, snow, etc.

   2. The materials used for this purpose; thatch.


   Thaught (?), n. (Naut.) See Thwart.


   Thau`ma*tol"a*try   (?),  n.  [Gr.  Worship  or  undue  admiration  of
   wonderful or miraculous things. [R.]

     The  thaumatolatry  by which our theology has been debased for more
     than a century. Hare.


   Thau"ma*trope  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Opt.) An optical instrument or toy for
   showing  the  presistence  of  an  impression  upon the eyes after the
   luminous object is withdrawn.

     NOTE: &hand; It  co nsists of  a  card having on its opposite faces
     figures  of two different objects, or halves of the same object, as
     a  bird and a cage, which, when the card is whirled rapidlz round a
     diameter by the strings that hold it, appear to the eye combined in
     a single picture, as of a bird in its cage.


   Thau"ma*turge (?), n. [See Thaumaturgus.] A magician; a wonder worker.

                         Thaumaturgic, Thaumaturgical

   Thau`ma*tur"gic  (?),  Thau`ma*tur"gic*al  (?), a. Of or pertaining to
   thaumaturgy; magical; wonderful. Burton.


   Thau`ma*tur"gics   (?),   n.   Feats   of   legerdemain,   or  magical


   Thau`ma*tur"gist  (?),  n.  One  who  deals in wonders, or believes in
   them; a wonder worker. Carlyle.


   Thau`ma*tur"gus  (?),  n.  [NL., from Gr. A miracle worker; -- a title
   given by the Roman Catholics to some saints.


   Thau"ma*tur`gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  The act or art of performing something
   wonderful; magic; legerdemain. T. Warton.


   Thave (?), n. Same as Theave. [Prov. Eng.]


   Thaw  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Thawed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Thawing.]
   [AS.  \'ed\'bewian,  \'ed\'bewan; akin to D. dovijen, G. tauen, thauen
   (cf.  also  verdauen 8digest, OHG. douwen, firdouwen), Icel. \'edeyja,
   Sw. t\'94a, Dan. t\'94e, and perhaps to Gr.

   1.  To  melt,  dissolve,  or  become fluid; to soften; -- said of that
   which is frozen; as, the ice thaws.

   2.  To become so warm as to melt ice and snow; -- said in reference to
   the weather, and used impersonally.

   3. Fig.: To grow gentle or genial.


   Thaw,  v.  t.  To  cause (frozen things, as earth, snow, ice) to melt,
   soften, or dissolve.


   Thaw,  n.  The  melting  of  ice, snow, or other congealed matter; the
   resolution   of  ice,  or  the  like,  into  the  state  of  a  fluid;
   liquefaction by heat of anything congealed by frost; also, a warmth of
   weather sufficient to melt that which is congealed. Dryden.


   Thaw"y  (?),  a. Liquefying by heat after having been frozen; thawing;


   The (?), v. i. See Thee. [Obs.] Chaucer. Milton.


   The  (&th;&emac;,  when emphatic or alone; &th;&esl;, obscure before a
   vowel;  &th;e, obscure before a consonant; 37), definite article. [AS.
   \'ebe,  a  later form for earlier nom. sing. masc. s\'c7, formed under
   the  influence  of  the  oblique cases. See That, pron.] A word placed
   before nouns to limit or individualize their meaning.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e wa s or iginally a demonstrative pronoun, being a
     weakened   form   of   that.  When  placed  before  adjectives  and
     participles,  it converts them into abstract nouns; as, the sublime
     and  the beautiful. Burke. The is used regularly before many proper
     names,  as  of  rivers,  oceans,  ships,  etc.;  as,  the Nile, the
     Atlantic,  the  Great Eastern, the West Indies, The Hague. The with
     an  epithet  or  ordinal  number  often  follows a proper name; as,
     Alexander  the  Great;  Napoleon  the Third. The may be employed to
     individualize  a  particular  kind  or species; as, the grasshopper
     shall be a burden. Eccl. xii. 5.


   The, adv. [AS. \'eb\'c7, \'eb\'df, instrumental case of s\'c7, se\'a2,
   \'eb\'91t, the definite article. See 2d The.] By that; by how much; by
   so  much; on that account; -- used before comparatives; as, the longer
   we  continue  in sin, the more difficult it is to reform. "Yet not the
   more cease I." Milton.

     So  much  the  rather  thou, Celestial Light, Shine inward, and the
     mind through all her powers Irradiate. Milton.


   The"a  (?),  n. [NL. See Tea.] (Bot.) A genus of plants found in China
   and Japan; the tea plant.

     NOTE: &hand; It is now commonly referred to the genus camellia.


   The*an"dric  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Relating to, or existing by, the union of
   divine  and  human  operation  in  Christ,  or the joint agency of the
   divine and human nature. Murdock.

                         Theanthropic, Theanthropical

   The`an*throp"ic  (?),  The`an*throp"ic*al  (?),  a.  Partaking  of, or
   combining, both divinity and humanity. [R.]

     The  gorgeous  and  imposing  figures of his [Homer's] theanthropic
     sytem. Gladstone.


   The*an"thro*pism (?), n. [Gr.

   1. A state of being God and man. [R.] Coleridge.

   2.   The  ascription  of  human  atributes  to  the  Deity,  or  to  a
   polytheistic deity; anthropomorphism. Gladstone.


   The*an"thro*pist   (?),   n.   One  who  advocates,  or  believes  in,


   The*an"thro*py (?), n. Theanthropism.


   The*ar"chic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Thearchy.] Divinely sovereign or supreme.

     He [Jesus] is the thearchic Intelligence. Milman.


   The"ar*chy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -archy:  cf. Gr. Government by God; divine
   sovereignty; theocracy.

                               Theater, Theatre

   The"a*ter,  The"a*tre  (?),  n.  [F.  th\'82\'83tre,  L. theatrum, Gr.
   dhy\'be to meditate, think. Cf. Theory.]

   1.  An  edifice  in  which  dramatic  performances  or  spectacles are
   exhibited for the amusement of spectators; anciently uncovered, except
   the stage, but in modern times roofed.

   2.  Any  room  adapted to the exhibition of any performances before an
   assembly,   as   public  lectures,  scholastic  exercises,  anatomical
   demonstrations, surgical operations, etc.

   3.  That  which resembles a theater in form, use, or the like; a place
   rising by steps or gradations, like the seats of a theater. Burns.

     Shade above shade, a woody theater Of stateliest view. Milton.

   4. A sphere or scheme of operation. [Obs.]

     For if a man can be partaker of God's theater, he shall likewise be
     partaker of God's rest. Bacon.

   5.  A  place or region where great events are enacted; as, the theater
   of war.

                               Theatin, Theatine

   The"a*tin,  The"a*tine  (?),  n. [F. th\'82atin, It. theatino.] (R. C.

   1. One of an order of Italian monks, established in 1524, expressly to
   oppose  Reformation,  and  to  raise  the  tone  of  piety among Roman
   Catholics.  They hold no property, nor do they beg, but depend on what
   Providence  sends.  Their  chief  employment  is  preaching and giving
   religious instruction.

     NOTE: &hand; Th eir na me is derived from Theate, or Chieti, a city
     of  Naples,  the archbishop of which was a principal founder of the
     order;  but  they  bore  various  names;  as, Regular Clerks of the
     Community,  Pauline  Monks, Apostolic Clerks, and Regular Clerks of
     the  Divine  Providence.  The  order  never  flourished much out of

   2.  (R.  C.  Ch.) One of an order of nuns founded by Ursula Benincasa,
   who died in 1618.


   The"a*tral  (?),  a.  [L.  theatralis:  cf.  F.  th\'82atral.]  Of  or
   pertaining to a theater; theatrical. [Obs.]


   The*at"ric (?), a. Theatrical.

     Woods over woods in gay, theatric pride. Goldsmith.


   The*at"ric*al  (?),  a.  [L.  theatricus,  Gr.  Of  or pertaining to a
   theater,  or  to  the scenic representations; resembling the manner of
   dramatic  performers;  histrionic;  hence,  artificial; as, theatrical
   performances;  theatrical  gestures.  -- The*at`ri*cal"i*ty (#), n. --
   The*at"ric*al*ly (#), adv.

     No  meretricious  aid  whatever  has been called in -- no trick, no
     illusion of the eye, nothing theatrical. R. Jefferies.


   The*at"ric*als  (?),  n.  pl. Dramatic performances; especially, those
   produced by amateurs.

     Such fashionable cant terms as \'bftheatricals,' and \'bfmusicals,'
     invented   by   the   flippant  Topham,  still  survive  among  his
     confraternity of frivolity. I. Disraeli.


   Theave  (?),  n.  [Cf. W. dafad a sheep, ewe.] A ewe lamb of the first
   year;  also,  a  sheep  three  years old. [Written also thave.] [Prov.
   Eng.] Halliwell.


   The*ba"ic  (?),  a.  [L.  thebaicus, Gr. Of or pertaining to Thebes in
   Egypt;  specifically,  designating a version of the Bible preserved by
   the  Copts,  and  esteemed  of  great value by biblical scholars. This
   version is also called the Sahidic version.


   The"ba*id  (?),  n.  [L. Thebais, -idis.] A Latin epic poem by Statius
   about Thebes in B\'d2otia.


   The*ba"ine  (?),  n. [So called from a kind of Egyptian opium produced
   at Thebes.] (Chem.) A poisonous alkaloid, C19H21NO3, found in opium in
   small  quantities,  having  a  sharp,  astringent taste, and a tetanic
   action resembling that of strychnine.


   The"ban (?), a. [L. Thebanus.] Of or pertaining to Thebes. Theban year
   (Anc. Chron.), the Egyptian year of 365 days and 6 hours. J. Bryant.


   The"ban, n. A native or inhabitant of Thebes; also, a wise man.

     I'll talk a word with this same learned Theban. Shak.


   The"ca (?), n.; pl. Thec\'91 (#). [L., fr. Gr. Tick a cover.]

   1.  A sheath; a case; as, the theca, or cell, of an anther; the theca,
   or spore case, of a fungus; the theca of the spinal cord.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The chitinous cup which protects the hydranths of
   certain hydroids. (b) The more or less cuplike calicle of a coral. (c)
   The wall forming a calicle of a coral.


   The"cal (?), a. Of or pertaining to a theca; as, a thecal abscess.


   The"ca*phore (?), n. [Theca + Gr. th\'82caphore.] (Bot.) (a) A surface
   or   organ  bearing  a  theca,  or  covered  with  thec\'91.  (b)  See


   The*cas"po*rous  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Having  the  spores in thec\'91, or


   The*ca"ta (?), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Thecophora.


   Thec"la  (?),  n.  Any one of many species of small delicately colored
   butterflies  belonging  to  Thecla  and  allied genera; -- called also
   hairstreak, and elfin.


   The`co*dac"tyl  (?),  n. [ (Zo\'94l.) Any one of a group of lizards of
   the Gecko tribe, having the toes broad, and furnished with a groove in
   which the claws can be concealed.


   The"co*dont (?), a. [Gr.

   1.  (Anat.) Having the teeth inserted in sockets in the alveoli of the

   2. (Paleon.) Of or pertaining to the thecodonts.


   The"co*dont, n. (Paleon.) One of the Thecodontia.


   The`co*don"ti*a (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Paleon.) A group of fossil saurians
   having biconcave vertebr\'91 and the teeth implanted in sockets.


   The*coph"o*ra  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   hydroids comprising those which have the hydranths in thec\'91 and the
   gonophores  in  capsules.  The  campanularians  and  sertularians  are
   examples. Called also Thecata. See Illust. under Hydroidea.


   The`co*so"ma*ta  (?),  n. pl. [NL. See Theca, and Soma.] (Zo\'94l.) An
   order  of  Pteropoda  comprising those species which have a shell. See
   Pteropoda. -- The`co*so"ma*tous (#), a.


   The"dom  (?),  n.  [Thee  to  prosper + -dom.] Success; fortune; luck;
   chance. [Obs.]

     Evil thedom on his monk's snout. Chaucer.


   Thee (?), v. i. [AS. ; akin to OS. th\'c6han, D. gedijen, G. gedeihen,
   OHG.  gidihan,  Goth.  , Lith. tekti to fall to the lot of. Cf. Tight,
   a.] To thrive; to prosper. [Obs.] "He shall never thee." Chaucer.

     Well mote thee, as well can wish your thought. Spenser.


   Thee  (?),  pron.  [AS.  \'eb\'c7,  acc.  & dat. of \'eb\'d4 thou. See
   Thou.] The objective case of thou. See Thou.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ee is  po etically us ed fo r th yself, as  him for
     himself, etc.

     This sword hath ended him; so shall it thee, Unless thou yield thee
     as my prisoner. Shak.

   Page 1495


   Theft  (?),  n.  [OE.  thefte,  AS.  \'edi\'82f\'ebe,  \'ed\'dff\'ebe,
   \'ede\'a2f\'ebe. See Thief.]

   1.  (Law)  The act of stealing; specifically, the felonious taking and
   removing  of personal property, with an intent to deprive the rightful
   owner of the same; larceny.

     NOTE: &hand; To constitute theft there must be a taking without the
     owner's  consent,  and it must be unlawful or felonious; every part
     of  the property stolen must be removed, however slightly, from its
     former  position;  and  it  must  be,  at least momentarily, in the
     complete  possession  of the thief. See Larceny, and the Note under

   2. The thing stolen. [R.]

     If  the  theft be certainly found in his hand alive, . . . he shall
     restore double. Ex. xxii. 4.


   Theft"bote`  (?),  n. [Theft + bote compensation.] (Law) The receiving
   of  a  man's  goods again from a thief, or a compensation for them, by
   way  of  composition,  with  the  intent  that  the thief shall escape


   Thegn (?), n. Thane. See Thane. E. A. Freeman.


   Thegn"hood (?), n. Thanehood. E. A. Freeman.


   The"i*form  (?),  a.  [NL.  thea  tea,  the  tea plant + -form: cf. F.
   th\'82iforme.] Having the form of tea.


   The"ine  (?),  n.  [F. th\'82ine, fr. NL. thea. See Theiform.] (Chem.)
   See Caffeine. Called also theina.


   Their  (?),  pron.  & a. [OE. thair, fr. Icel. \'edeirra, \'edeira, of
   them,  but  properly  gen.  pl.  of  the definite article; akin to AS.
   \'eb\'bera,  \'eb\'d6ra,  gen. pl. of the definite article, or fr. AS.
   \'eb\'d6ra,  influenced  by  the  Scandinavian  use.  See  That.]  The
   possessive  case of the personal pronoun they; as, their houses; their

     NOTE: &hand; Th e po ssessive takes the form theirs (theirs is best

     Nothing  but  the  name of zeal appears 'Twixt our best actions and
     the worst of theirs. Denham.


   The"ism  (?),  n.  [From  Gr.  th\'82isme.  Cf.  Enthusiasm, Pantheon,
   Theology.]  The belief or acknowledgment of the existence of a God, as
   opposed to atheism, pantheism, or polytheism.


   The"ist  (?),  n. [Cf. F. th\'82iste. See Theism.] One who believes in
   the  existence  of  a  God; especially, one who believes in a personal
   God; -- opposed to atheist.

                             Theistic, Theistical

   The*is"tic (?), The*is"tic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to theism, or a
   theist; according to the doctrine of theists.


   Thel*phu"si*an  (?),  n. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) One of a tribe of fresh-water
   crabs which live in or on the banks of rivers in tropical countries.


   The*lyt"o*kous (?), a. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Producing females only; -- said
   of certain female insects.


   Them  (?),  pron.  [AS.  \'eb\'d6m,  dat.  pl.  of  the  article,  but
   influenced  by  the  Scand. use of the corresponding form \'edeim as a
   personal pronoun. See They.] The objective case of they. See They.

     Go  ye rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves. Matt. xxv.

     Then  shall  the  King  say  unto  them on his right hand, Come, ye
     blessed of my Father. Matt. xxv. 34.

     NOTE: &hand; Th em is  po etically us ed for themselves, as him for
     himself, etc.

     Little stars may hide them when they list. Shak.


   The*mat"ic (?), a. [Gr. th\'82matique.]

   1. (Gram.) Of or pertaining to the theme of a word. See Theme, n., 4.

   2. (Mus.) Of or pertaining to a theme, or subject.
   Thematic catalogue (Mus.), a catalogue of musical works which, besides
   the  title  and  other particulars, gives in notes the theme, or first
   few measures, of the whole work or of its several movements.


   Theme  (?), n. [OE. teme, OF. teme, F. th\'8ame, L. thema, Gr. Do, and
   cf. Thesis.]

   1.  A  subject  or  topic  on  which  a  person  writes  or  speaks; a
   proposition for discussion or argument; a text.

     My theme is alway one and ever was. Chaucer.

     And when a soldier was the theme, my name Was not far off. Shak.

   2. Discourse on a certain subject.

     Then ran repentance and rehearsed his theme. Piers Plowman.

     It was the subject of my theme. Shak.

   3. A composition or essay required of a pupil. Locke.

   4.  (Gram.)  A  noun  or verb, not modified by inflections; also, that
   part  of  a  noun  or verb which remains unchanged (except by euphonic
   variations) in declension or conjugation; stem.

   5.  That  by means of which a thing is done; means; instrument. [Obs.]

   6. (Mus.) The leading subject of a composition or a movement.


   The"mis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. (Gr. Myth.) The goddess of law and order;
   the patroness of existing rights.


   Them*selves"  (?),  pron.  The plural of himself, herself, and itself.
   See Himself, Herself, Itself.


   Then (?), adv. [Originally the same word as than. See Than.]

   1.  At  that  time  (referring  to  a  time  specified, either past or

     And the Canaanite was then in the land. Gen. xii. 6.

     Now  I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known.
     1 Cor. xiii. 12.

   2. Soon afterward, or immediately; next; afterward.

     First  be  reconciled  to  thy brother, and then come and offer thy
     gift. Matt. v. 24.

   3. At another time; later; again.

     One  while  the  master  is  not aware of what is done, and then in
     other cases it may fall out to be own act. L'Estrange.

   By then. (a) By that time. (b) By the time that. [Obs.]

     But  that  opinion,  I  trust, by then this following argument hath
     been  well  read,  will  be  left  for  one  of the mysteries of an
     indulgent Antichrist. Milton.

   Now and then. See under Now, adv. -- Till then, until that time; until
   the time mentioned. Milton.

     NOTE: &hand; Th en is  of ten used elliptically, like an adjective,
     for then existing; as, the then administration.


   Then (?), conj.

   1. Than. [Obs.] Spenser.

   2. In that case; in consequence; as a consequence; therefore; for this

     If all this be so, then man has a natural freedom. Locke.

     Now, then, be all thy weighty cares away. Dryden.

   Syn.  --  Therefore.  Then,  Therefore.  Both  these words are used in
   reasoning;  but  therefore  takes  the  lead,  while  then  is  rather
   subordinate   or   incidental.  Therefore  states  reasons  and  draws
   inferences  in  form;  then,  to  a  great  extent, takes the point as
   proved,  and  passes  on  to  the general conclusion. "Therefore being
   justified by faith, we have peace with God." Rom. v. 1. "So then faith
   cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God." Rom. x. 17.


   Then"a*days   (?),  adv.  At  that  time;  then;  in  those  days;  --
   correlative to nowadays. [R.]

                                Thenal, Thenar

   The"nal (?), The"nar (?), a. [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to
   the thenar; corresponding to thenar; palmar.


   The"nar  (?),  n. (Anat.) (a) The palm of the hand. (b) The prominence
   of the palm above the base of the thumb; the thenar eminence; the ball
   of the thumb. Sometimes applied to the corresponding part of the foot.


   The*nard"ite (?), n. [Named after the French chemist, L.J.Th\'82nard.]
   (Min.)  Anhydrous sodium sulphate, a mineral of a white or brown color
   and vitreous luster.


   Thence  (?),  adv. [OE. thenne, thanne, and (with the adverbal -s; see
   -wards)  thennes,  thannes  (hence  thens,  now  written  thence), AS.
   \'ebanon,   \'ebanan,  \'ebonan;  akin  to  OHG.  dannana,  dann\'ben,
   dan\'ben, and G. von dannen, E. that, there. See That.]

   1. From that place. "Bid him thence go." Chaucer.

     When  ye  depart  thence,  shake off the dust under your feet for a
     testimony against them. Mark vi. 11.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  no t un usual, th ough pleonastic, to use from
     before thence. Cf. Hence, Whence.

     Then I will send, and fetch thee from thence. Gen. xxvii. 45.

   2. From that time; thenceforth; thereafter.

     There shall be no more thence an infant of days. Isa. lxv. 20.

   3. For that reason; therefore.

     Not  to  sit  idle  with  so  great  a  gift  Useless,  and  thence
     ridiculous, about him. Milton.

   4. Not there; elsewhere; absent. [Poetic] Shak.


   Thence`forth" (?), adv. From that time; thereafter.

     If  the  salt have lost his savor, wherewith shall it be salted? it
     is thenceforth good for nothing. Matt. v. 13.

     NOTE: This wo rd is  so metimes pr eceded by  from, -- a redundancy
     sanctioned by custom. Chaucer. John. xix. 12.


   Thence`for"ward (?), adv. From that time onward; thenceforth.


   Thence`from" (?), adv. From that place. [Obs.]


   The`o*bro"ma  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. th\'82obrome.] (Bot.) A genus of
   small trees. See Cacao.


   The`o*bro"mic  (?),  a.  (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an
   acid  extracted  from  cacao butter (from the Theobroma Cacao), peanut
   oil  (from  Arachis  hypog\'91a),  etc.,  as  a white waxy crystalline


   The`o*bro"mine   (?),  n.  (Chem.)  An  alkaloidal  ureide,  C7H8N4O2,
   homologous  with  and  resembling caffeine, produced artificially, and
   also  extracted  from  cacao and chocolate (from Theobroma Cacao) as a
   bitter white crystalline substance; -- called also dimethyl xanthine.


   The`o*chris"tic (?), a. [Gr. Anointed by God.


   The*oc"ra*cy   (?),   n.  [Gr.  th\'82ocratie.  See  Theism,  and  cf.

   1.  Government of a state by the immediate direction or administration
   of  God;  hence,  the  exercise  of  political authority by priests as
   representing the Deity.

   2.  The  state  thus  governed,  as  the Hebrew commonwealth before it
   became a kingdom.


   The*oc"ra*sy (?), n. [Gr.

   1.  A  mixture  of  the  worship  of different gods, as of Jehovah and

     This  syncretistic  theocracy by no means excludes in him [Solomon]
     the proper service of idols. J. Murphy.

   2.  (Philos.) An intimate union of the soul with God in contemplation,
   -- an ideal of the Neoplatonists and of some Oriental mystics.


   The"o*crat   (?),  n.  One  who  lives  under  a  theocratic  form  of
   government; one who in civil affairs conforms to divine law.

                           Theocratic, Theocratical

   The`o*crat"ic  (?), The`o*crat"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. th\'82ocratique.]
   Of  or  pertaining  to  a  theocracy;  administred  by  the  immediate
   direction of God; as, the theocratical state of the Israelites.


   The*od"i*cy (?), n. [NL. theodic\'91a, fr. Gr. th\'82odic\'82e.]

   1.  A  vindication  of  the  justice of God in ordaining or permitting
   natural and moral evil.

   2.   That   department  of  philosophy  which  treats  of  the  being,
   perfections,  and  government of God, and the immortality of the soul.


   The*od"o*lite  (?),  n.  [Probably  a  corruption  of the alidade. See
   Alidade.] An instrument used, especially in trigonometrical surveying,
   for the accurate measurement of horizontal angles, and also usually of
   vertical angles. It is variously constructed.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e th eodolite co nsists principally of a telescope,
     with  cross  wires in the focus of its object glass, clamped in Y's
     attached  to a frame that is mounted so as to turn both on vertical
     and  horizontal  axes,  the  former  carrying  a vernier plate on a
     horizontal  graduated plate or circle for azimuthal angles, and the
     latter  a  vertical  graduated arc or semicircle for altitudes. The
     whole  is furnished with levels and adjusting screws and mounted on
     a tripod.


   The*od`o*lit"ic  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to a theodolite; made by
   means of a theodolite; as, theodolitic observations.


   The`o*gon"ic (?), a. Of or relating to theogony.


   The*og"o*nism (?), n. Theogony. [R.]


   The*og"o*nist (?), n. A writer on theogony.


   The*og"o*ny  (?),  n.  [L.  theogonia,  Gr.  Theism,  and  Genus.] The
   generation  or  genealogy of the gods; that branch of heathen theology
   which  deals  with the origin and descent of the deities; also, a poem
   treating of such genealogies; as, the Theogony of Hesiod.


   The*ol"o*gas`ter    (?),   n.   [Formed   like   poetaster:   cf.   F.
   th\'82ologastre.] A pretender or quack in theology. [R.] Burton.


   The*ol"o*ger (?), n. A theologian. Cudworth.


   The`o*lo"gi*an  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  th\'82ologien,  L.  theologus, Gr.
   Theology.]  A  person well versed in theology; a professor of theology
   or divinity; a divine.


   The`o*log"ic (?), a. Theological.


   The`o*log"ic*al  (?),  a.  [L. theologicus, Gr. th\'82ologique.] Of or
   pertaining  to  theology,  or the science of God and of divine things;
   as, a theological treatise. -- The`o*log"ic*al*ly, adv.


   The`o*log"ics (?), n. Theology. Young.


   The*ol"o*gist (?), n. A theologian.


   The*ol"o*gize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Theologized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Theologizing (?).] [Cf. F. th\'82ologiser.] To render theological;
   to apply to divinity; to reduce to a system of theology.

     School   divinity   was  but  Aristotle's  philosophy  theologized.


   The*ol"o*gize,  v.  i.  To  frame a system of theology; to theorize or
   speculate upon theological subjects.


   The*ol"o*gi`zer (?), n. One who theologizes; a theologian. [R.] Boyle.


   The"o*logue (?), n. [Cf. L. theologus, Gr. philologue.]

   1. A theologian. Dryden.

     Ye gentle theologues of calmer kind. Young.

     He  [Jerome]  was  the  theologue  --  and  the word is designation
     enough. I. Taylor.

   2.  A  student  in  a  theological  seminary.  [Written also theolog.]
   [Colloq. U.S.]


   The*ol"o*gy   (?),   n.;   pl.  Theologies  (#).  [L.  theologia,  Gr.
   th\'82ologie.  See  Theism,  and  Logic.]  The  science  of  God or of
   religion;  the  science  which treats of the existence, character, and
   attributes  of  God,  his laws and government, the doctrines we are to
   believe,  and  the  duties  we  are  to  practice;  divinity; (as more
   commonly understood) "the knowledge derivable from the Scriptures, the
   systematic  exhibition  of  revealed  truth,  the science of Christian
   faith and life."

     Many  speak  of  theology  as  a  science  of  religion [instead of
     "science  of  God"]  because  they  disbelieve  that  there  is any
     knowledge of God to be attained. Prof. R. Flint (Enc. Brit.).

     Theology  is  ordered  knowledge; representing in the region of the
     intellect  what  religion  represents in the heart and life of man.

   Ascetic  theology,  Natural  theology.  See Ascetic, Natural. -- Moral
   theology,  that  phase  of  theology  which  is  concerned  with moral
   character  and  conduct. -- Revealed theology, theology which is to be
   learned  only  from  revelation.  --  Scholastic theology, theology as
   taught by the scholastics, or as prosecuted after their principles and
   methods.  --  Speculative  theology,  theology  as  founded  upon,  or
   influenced  by,  speculation or metaphysical philosophy. -- Systematic
   theology,  that  branch  of theology of which the aim is to reduce all
   revealed   truth  to  a  series  of  statements  that  together  shall
   constitute an organized whole. E. G. Robinson (Johnson's Cyc.).


   The*om"a*chist  (?),  n. [Cf. Gr. One who fights against the gods; one
   who resists God of the divine will.


   The*om"a*chy (?), n. [Gr.

   1.  A  fighting against the gods, as the battle of the gaints with the

   2. A battle or strife among the gods. Gladstone.

   3. Opposition to God or the divine will. Bacon.


   The"o*man`cy  (?), n. [Gr. -mancy: cf. F. th\'82omancie, Gr. A kind of
   divination drawn from the responses of oracles among heathen nations.

                           Theopathetic, Theopathic

   The`o*pa*thet"ic  (?),  The`o*path"ic  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to a


   The*op"a*thy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  Capacity  for  religious  affections  or


   The`o*phan"ic  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to a theopany; appearing to
   man, as a god.


   The*oph"a*ny  (?),  n.;  pl. -nies (#). [Gr. A manifestation of God to
   man by actual appearance, usually as an incarnation.

   Page 1496


   The`o*phil`an*throp"ic  (?),  a. Pertaining to theophilanthropy or the


   The`o*phi*lan"thro*pism     (?),    n.    The    doctrine    of    the
   theophilanthropists; theophilanthropy.


   The`o*phi*lan"thro*pist  (?),  n. [Cf. F. th\'82ophilanthrope.] (Eccl.
   Hist.) A member of a deistical society established at Paris during the
   French revolution.


   The`o*phi*lan"thro*py  (?), n. [Gr. philanthropy.] Theophilanthropism.


   The`o*phil`o*soph"ic  (?),  a. [Gr. philosophic.] Combining theism and
   philosophy, or pertaining to the combination of theism and philosophy.


   The`op*neus"ted (?), a. Divinely inspired; theopneustic. [R.]


   The`op*neus"tic (?), a. [Gr. Given by the inspiration of the Spirit of


   The"op*neus`ty  (?),  n.  [Gr.  Divine  inspiration;  the supernatural
   influence  of  the  Divine  Spirit  in  qualifying  men to receive and
   communicate revealed truth.


   The*or"bist (?), n. (Mus.) One who plays on a theorbo.


   The*or"bo  (?), n. [F. th\'82orbe, t\'82orbe, formerly tuorbe, tiorbe,
   It. tiorba.] (Mus.) An instrument made like large lute, but having two
   necks,  with  two  sets  of  pegs,  the  lower set holding the strings
   governed  by frets, while to the upper set were attached the long bass
   strings used as open notes.

     NOTE: &hand; A larger form of theorbo was also called the archlute,
     and  was  used  chiefly,  if  not  only, as an accompaniment to the
     voice. Both have long fallen into disuse.


   The"o*rem (?), n. [L. theorema, Gr. th\'82or\'8ame. See Theory.]

   1.  That  which  is  considered and established as a principle; hence,
   sometimes, a rule.

     Not theories, but theorems (Coleridge.

     By  the theorems, Which your polite and terser gallants practice, I
     re-refine   the   court,  and  civilize  Their  barbarous  natures.

   2. (Math.) A statement of a principle to be demonstrated.

     NOTE: &hand; A  th eorem is  so mething to  be  proved, and is thus
     distinguished  from  a problem, which is something to be solved. In
     analysis,  the  term  is  sometimes applied to a rule, especially a
     rule  or  statement  of  relations  expressed  in  a  formula or by
     symbols;  as,  the binomial theorem; Taylor's theorem. See the Note
     under Proposition, n., 5.

   Binomial  theorem.  (Math.) See under Binomial. -- Negative theorem, a
   theorem  which  expresses  the  impossibility  of  any  assertion.  --
   Particular  theorem  (Math.),  a  theorem  which  extends  only  to  a
   particular  quantity.  --  Theorem  of Pappus. (Math.) See Centrobaric
   method,  under  Centrobaric.  --  Universal theorem (Math.), a theorem
   which extends to any quantity without restriction.


   The"o*rem, v. t. To formulate into a theorem.

                          Theorematic, Theorematical

   The`o*re*mat"ic  (?),  The`o*re*mat"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Cf.  Gr.  Of  or
   pertaining   to  a  theorem  or  theorems;  comprised  in  a  theorem;
   consisting of theorems.


   The`o*rem"a*tist (?), n. One who constructs theorems.


   The`o*rem"ic (?), a. Theorematic. Grew.

                            Theoretic, Theoretical

   The`o*ret"ic   (?),  The`o*ret"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Gr.  theoreticus,  F.
   th\'82or\'82tique.]  Pertaining  to  theory; depending on, or confined
   to,  theory  or  speculation;  speculative;  terminating  in theory or
   speculation:   not  practical;  as,  theoretical  learning;  theoretic
   sciences. -- The`o*ret"ic*al*ly, adv.


   The`o*ret"ics (?), n. The speculative part of a science; speculation.

     At  the  very  first,  with  our Lord himself, and his apostles, as
     represented  to  us  in  the  New  Testament,  morals  come  before
     contemplation, ethics before theoretics. H. B. Wilson.


   The*or"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. th\'82orique. See Theory.]

   1. Of or pertaining to the theorica.

   2.  (pron.  Relating to, or skilled in, theory; theoretically skilled.

     A  man  but  young, Yet old in judgment, theoric and practic In all
     humanity. Massinger.


   The"o*ric  (?),  n.  [OF.  theorique;  cf.  L. theorice.] Speculation;
   theory. [Obs.] Shak.


   The*or"i*ca  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL., fr. Gr. Theory.] (Gr. Antiq.) Public
   moneys  expended  at  Athens  on  festivals,  sacrifices,  and  public
   entertainments  (especially  theatrical performances), and in gifts to
   the people; -- also called theoric fund.


   The*or"ic*al (?), a. Theoretic. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   The*or"ic*al*ly, adv. In a theoretic manner. [Obs.]


   The"o*rist  (?), n. [Cf. F. th\'82oriste.] One who forms theories; one
   given to theory and speculation; a speculatist. Cowper.

     The  greatest  theoretists  have  given  the  preference  to such a
     government as that which obtains in this kingdom. Addison.

   <--  2.  A scientist who forms theories about natural phenomena, based
   on  the  data  gathered  by  others,  rather  than  himself performing
   experiments to test the theories. Contrasted with experimentalist. -->


   The`o*ri*za"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  or  product  of  theorizing; the
   formation of a theory or theories; speculation.


   The"o*rize  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Theorized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Theorizing  (?).] [Cf. F. th\'82oriser.] To form a theory or theories;
   to form opinions solely by theory; to speculate.


   The"o*ri`zer (?), n. One who theorizes or speculates; a theorist.


   The"o*ry  (?),  n.;  pl. Theories (#). [F. th\'82orie, L. theoria, Gr.

   1. A doctrine, or scheme of things, which terminates in speculation or
   contemplation, without a view to practice; hypothesis; speculation.

     NOTE: &hand; "T his wo rd is  employed by English writers in a very
     loose  and improper sense. It is with them usually convertible into
     hypothesis,  and  hypothesis  is  commonly used as another term for
     conjecture.  The  terms theory and theoretical are properly used in
     opposition to the terms practice and practical. In this sense, they
     were  exclusively employed by the ancients; and in this sense, they
     are  almost  exclusively employed by the Continental philosophers."
     Sir W. Hamilton.

   2. An exposition of the general or abstract principles of any science;
   as, the theory of music.

   3.  The  science,  as  distinguished  from the art; as, the theory and
   practice of medicine.

   4.  The  philosophical  explanation  of  phenomena, either physical or
   moral;  as,  Lavoisier's  theory of combustion; Adam Smith's theory of
   moral sentiments.
   Atomic theory, Binary theory, etc. See under Atomic, Binary, etc. Syn.
   --  Hypothesis,  speculation.  --  Theory,  Hypothesis.  A theory is a
   scheme  of  the relations subsisting between the parts of a systematic
   whole;  an  hypothesis is a tentative conjecture respecting a cause of

                             Theosoph, Theosopher

   The"o*soph (?), The*os"o*pher (?), n. A theosophist.

                           Theosophic, Theosophical

   The`o*soph"ic  (?), The`o*soph"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. th\'82osophique.]
   Of or pertaining to theosophy. -- The`o*soph"ic*al*ly, adv.


   The*os"o*phism  (?), n. [Cf. F. th\'82osophisme.] Belief in theosophy.


   The*os"o*phist (?), n. One addicted to theosophy.

     The  theosophist  is  one  who gives you a theory of God, or of the
     works  of God, which has not reason, but an inspiration of his own,
     for its basis. R. A. Vaughan.


   The*os`o*phis"tic*al   (?),   a.   Of   or  pertaining  to  theosophy;


   The*os"o*phize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Theosophized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Theosophizing.] To practice theosophy. [R.]


   The*os"o*phy  (?), n. [Gr. th\'82osophie.] Any system of philosophy or
   mysticism  which  proposes to attain intercourse with God and superior
   spirits,  and  consequent superhuman knowledge, by physical processes,
   as  by  the  theurgic operations of some ancient Platonists, or by the
   chemical processes of the German fire philosophers; also, a direct, as
   distinguished  from  a  revealed,  knowledge  of  God,  supposed to be
   attained  by  extraordinary illumination; especially, a direct insight
   into  the  processes of the divine mind, and the interior relations of
   the divine nature.


   Ther`a*peu"t\'91 (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. Therapeutic.] (Eccl. Hist.)
   A  name  given to certain ascetics said to have anciently dwelt in the
   neighborhood of Alexandria. They are described in a work attributed to
   Philo,   the  genuineness  and  credibility  of  which  are  now  much

                          Therapeutic, Therapeutical

   Ther`a*peu"tic  (?),  Ther`a*peu"tic*al  (?), a. [F. th\'82rapeutique,
   Gr.  (Med.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  healing  art;  concerned  in
   discovering and applying remedies for diseases; curative. "Therapeutic
   or curative physic." Sir T. Browne.

     Medicine  is  justly distributed into "prophylactic," or the art of
     preserving  health, and therapeutic, or the art of restoring it. I.


   Ther`a*peu"tic, n. One of the Therapeut\'91.


   Ther`a*peu"tics  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  th\'82rapeutique.]  That  part of
   medical  science  which  treats  of  the  discovery and application of
   remedies for diseases.


   Ther`a*peu"tist  (?),  n. One versed in therapeutics, or the discovery
   and application of remedies.


   Ther"a*py (?), n. [Gr. Therapeutics.


   There (?), adv. [OE. ther, AS. \'eb\'d6r; akin to D. daar, G. da, OHG.
   d\'ber,  Sw. & Dan. der, Icel. & Goth. \'edar, Skr. tarhi then, and E.
   that. \'fb184. See That, pron.]

   1.  In  or at that place. "[They] there left me and my man, both bound
   together." Shak.

     The  Lord  God  planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put
     the man whom he had formed. Ge. ii. 8.

     NOTE: &hand; In  di stinction fr om here, there usually signifies a
     place  farther off. "Darkness there might well seem twilight here."

   2.  In  that  matter,  relation,  etc.;  at  that  point, stage, etc.,
   regarded as a distinct place; as, he did not stop there, but continued
   his speech.

     The  law  that  theaten'd  death becomes thy friend And turns it to
     exile; there art thou happy. Shak.

   3. To or into that place; thither.

     The rarest that e'er came there. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; There is sometimes used by way of exclamation, calling
     the  attention  to  something, especially to something distant; as,
     there,  there!  see  there!  look  there! There is often used as an
     expletive,  and  in  this  use,  when  it  introduces a sentence or
     clause, the verb precedes its subject.

     A knight there was, and that a worthy man. Chaucer.

     There is a path which no fowl knoweth. Job xxviii. 7.

     Wherever  there  is  a  sense  or  perception,  there  some idea is
     actually produced. Locke.

     There  have  been that have delivered themselves from their ills by
     their good fortune or virtue. Suckling.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ere is  much used in composition, and often has the
     sense of a pronoun. See Thereabout, Thereafter, Therefrom, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; There was formerly used in the sense of where.

     Spend their good there it is reasonable. Chaucer.

   Here and there, in one place and another. Syn. -- See Thither.

                            Thereabout, Thereabouts

   There"a*bout`  (?),  There"a*bouts`  (?), adv. [The latter spelling is
   less proper, but more commonly used.]

   1. Near that place.

   2.  Near  that  number,  degree,  or quantity; nearly; as, ten men, or

     Five or six thousand horse . . . or thereabouts. Shak.

     Some three months since, or thereabout. Suckling.

   3. Concerning that; about that. [R.]

     What will ye dine? I will go thereabout. Chaucer.

     They were much perplexed thereabout. Luke xxiv. 4.


   There*af"ter  (?),  adv. [AS. \'eb\'d6r\'91fter after that. See There,
   and After.]

   1. After that; afterward.

   2. According to that; accordingly.

     I deny not but that it is of greatest concernment in the church and
     commonwealth  to have a vigilant eye how books demean themselves as
     well  as  men; and thereafter to confine, imprison, and do sharpest
     justice on them as malefactors. Milton.

   3. Of that sort. [Obs.] "My audience is not thereafter." Latimer.


   There"a*gain` (?), adv. In opposition; against one's course. [Obs.]

     If that him list to stand thereagain. Chaucer.


   There"-a*nent` (?), adv. Concerning that. [Scot.]


   There*at" (?), adv.

   1. At that place; there.

     Wide   is  the  gate,  and  broad  is  the  way,  that  leadeth  to
     destruction, and many there be which go in thereat. Matt. vii. 13.

   2. At that occurrence or event; on that account.

     Every  error is a stain to the beauty of nature; for which cause it
     blusheth thereat. Hooker.

                           Therebefore, Therebiforn

   There`be*fore"   (?),  There`bi*forn"  (?),  adv.  Before  that  time;
   beforehand. [Obs.]

     Many a winter therebiforn. Chaucer.


   There*by" (?), adv.

   1. By that; by that means; in consequence of that.

     Acquaint  now thyself with him, and be at peace; thereby good shall
     come unto thee. Job xxii. 21.

   2. Annexed to that. "Thereby hangs a tale." Shak.

   3. Thereabout; -- said of place, number, etc. Chaucer.


   There*for"  (?), adv. [There + for. Cf. Therefore.] For that, or this;
   for it.

     With certain officers ordained therefore. Chaucer.


   There"fore (?), conj. & adv. [OE. therfore. See There, and Fore, adv.,
   For, and cf. Therefor.]

   1.  For that or this reason, referring to something previously stated;
   for that.

     I have married a wife, and therefore I can not come. Luke xiv. 20.

     Behold, we have forsaken all, and followed thee; what shall we have
     therefore? Matt. xix. 27.

   2. Consequently; by consequence.

     He blushes; therefore he is guilty. Spectator.

   Syn. -- See Then.


   There*from" (?), adv. From this or that.

     Turn  not  aside  therefrom to the right hand or to the left. John.
     xxiii. 6.


   There*in"  (?),  adv.  In  that or this place, time, or thing; in that
   particular or respect. Wyclif.

     He  pricketh  through  a fair forest, Therein is many a wild beast.

     Bring forth abundantly in the earth, and multiply therein. Gen. ix.

     Therein our letters do not well agree. Shak.


   There`in*to" (?), adv. Into that or this, or into that place. Bacon.

     Let not them . . . enter thereinto. Luke xxi. 21.


   There*of" (?), adv. Of that or this.

     In  the  day  that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die. Gen.
     ii. 17.


   The`re*ol"o*gy (?), n. Therapeutios.


   There*on"  (?),  adv.  [AS.  .  See  There,  and On.] On that or this.

     Then the king said, Hang him thereon. Esther vii. 9.


   There*out" (?), adv.

   1. Out of that or this.

     He shall take thereout his handful of the flour. Lev. ii. 2.

   2. On the outside; out of doors. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   There*to" (?), adv.

   1. To that or this. Chaucer.

   2. Besides; moreover. [Obs.] Spenser.

     Her mouth full small, and thereto soft and red. Chaucer.


   There`to*fore"  (?), adv. Up to that time; before then; -- correlative
   with heretofore.


   There*un"der (?), adv. Under that or this.


   There`un*to" (?), adv. Unto that or this; thereto; besides. Shak.


   There`up*on" (?), adv.

   1.  Upon that or this; thereon. "They shall feed thereupon." Zeph. ii.

   2. On account, or in consequence, of that; therefore.

     [He]  hopes  to  find you forward, . . . And thereupon he sends you
     this good news. Shak.

   3. Immediately; at once; without delay.


   There*while" (?), adv. At that time; at the same time. [Obs.] Laud.


   There*with" (?), adv.

   1.  With  that  or  this.  "I  have  learned in whatsoever state I am,
   therewith to be content." Phil. iv. 11.

   2. In addition; besides; moreover.

     To speak of strength and therewith hardiness. Chaucer.

   3. At the same time; forthwith. [Obs.] Johnson.


   There`with*al" (?), adv.

   1. Over and above; besides; moreover. [Obs.] Daniel.

     And therewithal it was full poor and bad. Chaucer.

   2. With that or this; therewith; at the same time.

     Thy  slanders  I forgive; and therewithal Remit thy other forfeits.

     And  therewithal  one  came  and  seized  on  her, And Enid started
     waking. Tennyson.


   Therf  (?),  a.  [AS.  ;  akin  to  OHG. derb, Icel. .] Not fermented;
   unleavened; -- said of bread, loaves, etc. [Obs.]

     Pask and the feast of therf loaves. Wyclif.

   Page 1497

                               Theriac, Theriaca

   The"ri*ac  (?),  The*ri"a*ca  (?), n. [L. theriaca an antidote against
   the bite of serpents, Gr. th\'82riaque. See Treacle.]

   1.  (Old Med.) An ancient composition esteemed efficacious against the
   effects of poison; especially, a certain compound of sixty-four drugs,
   prepared,  pulverized,  and reduced by means of honey to an electuary;
   -- called also theriaca Andromachi, and Venice treacle.

   2. Treacle; molasses. British Pharm.

                              Theriac, Theriacal

   The"ri*ac  (?),  The*ri"a*cal  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. th\'82riacal.] Of or
   pertaining to theriac; medicinal. "Theriacal herbs." Bacon.


   The"ri*al (?), a. Theriac. [R.] Holland.


   The"ri*o*dont  (?),  n.  (Paleon.)  One of the Theriodontia. Used also


   The`ri*o*don"ta (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Paleon.) Same as Theriodontia.


   The`ri*o*don"ti*a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) An extinct order
   of  reptiles  found  in  the  Permian and Triassic formations in South
   Africa.  In  some  respects they resembled carnivorous mammals. Called
   also Theromorpha.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ey had biconcave vertebr\'91, ambulatory limbs, and
     a  well-developed  pelvis  and shoulder girdle. Some of the species
     had  large  maxillary  teeth. The head somewhat resembled that of a
     turtle.  The  Dicynodont  is  one  of  the best-known examples. See


   The`ri*ot"o*my (?), n. [Gr. Zo\'94tomy.


   Ther"m\'91  (?),  n. pl. [L. See Thermal.] Springs or baths of warm or
   hot water.


   Ther"mal  (?), a. [L. thermae hot springs, fr. Gr. formus warm, and E.
   forceps.]  Of  or pertaining to heat; warm; hot; as, the thermal unit;
   thermal waters.

     The thermal condition of the earth. J. D. Forbes.

   Thermal  conductivity,  Thermal  spectrum. See under Conductivity, and
   Spectrum.  -- Thermal unit (Physics), a unit chosen for the comparison
   or  calculation of quantities of heat. The unit most commonly employed
   is  the  amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of one gram
   or one pound of water from zero to one degree Centigrade. See Calorie,
   and under Unit.


   Ther"mal*ly, adv. In a thermal manner.


   Ther*met"o*graph (?), n. [Gr. -graph.] A self-registering thermometer,
   especially  one  that  registers  the  maximum and minimum during long
   periods. Nichol.


   Ther"mic  (?), a. [Gr. Of or pertaining to heat; due to heat; thermal;
   as,  thermic  lines.  Thermic balance. See Bolometer. -- Thermic fever
   (Med.),  the  condition of fever produced by sunstroke. See Sunstroke.
   -- Thermic weight. (Mech.) Same as Heat weight, under Heat.


   Ther`mi`dor"  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr. Gr. The eleventh month of the French
   republican  calendar, -- commencing July 19, and ending August 17. See
   the Note under Vend\'82miaire.


   Ther*mif"u*gine  (?),  n.  [Gr. fugere to flee.] (Chem.) An artificial
   alkaloid  of  complex  composition, resembling thalline and used as an
   antipyretic, -- whence its name.


   Ther"mo-  (?).  A  combining  form  from Gr. qe`rmh heat, qermo`s hot,
   warm; as in thermochemistry, thermodynamic.


   Ther`mo*ba*rom"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Thermo-  +  barometer.]  (Physics) An
   instrument for determining altitudes by the boiling point of water.


   Ther`mo*bat"ter*y  (?),  n.  [Thermo-  +  battery.]  A  thermoelectric
   battery; a thermopile.


   Ther`mo*cau"ter*y  (?), n. [Thermo- + cautery.] (Surg.) Cautery by the
   application  of heat. Paquelin's thermocautery, thermocautery by means
   of  a  hollow  platinum  point,  which  is  kept constantly hot by the
   passage through it of benzine vapor.

                         Thermochemic, Thermochemical

   Ther`mo*chem"ic  (?), Ther`mo*chem"ic*al (?), a. (Chem. Physics) Of or
   pertaining   to   thermochemistry;   obtained   by,  or  employed  in,


   Ther`mo*chem"is*try  (?),  n.  [Thermo-  +  chemistry.] That branch of
   chemical  science  which  includes  the  investigation  of the various
   relations  existing  between chemical action and that manifestation of
   force  termed  heat,  or  the determination of the heat evolved by, or
   employed in, chemical actions.


   Ther*moch"ro*sy   (?),  n.  [Thermo-  +  Gr.  (Physics)  The  property
   possessed  by heat of being composed, like light, of rays of different
   degrees  of  refrangibility,  which  are  unequal in rate or degree of
   transmission through diathermic substances.


   Ther"mo*cur`rent  (?), n. [Thermo- + current.] (Physics) A current, as
   of electricity, developed, or set in motion, by the action of heat.


   Ther`mo*dy*nam"ic  (?),  a. [Thermo- + dynamic.] (Physics) Relating to
   thermodynamics;  caused or operated by force due to the application of
   heat. Thermodynamic function. See Heat weight, under Heat.


   Ther`mo*dy*nam"ics  (?), n. The science which treats of the mechanical
   action or relations of heat.


   Ther`mo*e*lec"tric  (?), a. (Physics) Pertaining to thermoelectricity;
   as, thermoelectric currents.


   Ther`mo*e`lec*tric"i*ty   (?),  n.  [Thermo-  +  electricity:  cf.  F.
   thermo\'82lectricit\'82.]   (Physics)  Electricity  developed  in  the
   action of heat. See the Note under Electricity.


   Ther`mo*e`lec*trom"e*ter  (?),  n. [Thermo- + electrometer.] (Physics)
   An instrument for measuring the strength of an electric current in the
   heat  which it produces, or for determining the heat developed by such
   a current.


   Ther"mo*gen  (?),  n.  [Thermo-  +  -gen.]  (Old Chem.) Caloric; heat;
   regarded as a material but imponderable substance.


   Ther`mo*gen"ic  (?),  a.  (Physiol.)  Relating  to  heat,  or  to  the
   production  of heat; producing heat; thermogenous; as, the thermogenic


   Ther*mog"e*nous  (?),  a.  [Thermo-  +  -genous.] (Physiol.) Producing
   heat; thermogenic.


   Ther"mo*graph  (?), n. [Thermo- + -graph.] (Physics) An instrument for
   automatically recording indications of the variation of temperature.


   Ther*mol"o*gy (?), n. [Thermo- + -logy.] A discourse on, or an account
   of, heat. Whewell.


   Ther*mol"y*sis  (?),  n.  [Thermo-  +  Gr. (Chem.) The resolution of a
   compound into parts by heat; dissociation by heat.


   Ther"mo*lyze  (?),  v.  t.  (Chem.)  To  subject  to  thermolysis;  to
   dissociate by heat.


   Ther`mo*mag"net*ism  (?),  n.  [Thermo-  +  magnetism.]  Magnetism  as
   affected  or  caused  by  the  action of heat; the relation of heat to


   Ther*mom"e*ter  (?),  n. [Thermo- + -meter: cf. F. thermom\'8atre. See
   Thermal.]  (Physics)  An instrument for measuring temperature, founded
   on the principle that changes of temperature in bodies are accompained
   by proportional changes in their volumes or dimensions.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e th ermometer us ually consists of a glass tube of
     capillary  bore,  terminating  in a bulb, and containing mercury or
     alcohol,   which   expanding   or   contracting  according  to  the
     temperature to which it is exposed, indicates the degree of heat or
     cold  by  the amount of space occupied, as shown by the position of
     the  top of the liquid column on a graduated scale. See Centigrade,
     Fahrenheit, and R\'82aumur. To reduce degrees Fahrenheit to degrees
     Centigrade,  substract  32\'f8  and multiply by ; to reduce degrees
     Centigrade to degrees Fahrenheit, multiply by and add 32\'f8.

   Air  thermometer,  Balance  thermometer,  etc. See under Air, Balance,
   etc. -- Metallic thermometer, a form of thermometer indicating changes
   of  temperature  by  the expansion or contraction of rods or strips of
   metal.  --  Register  thermometer,  OR Self-registering thermometer, a
   thermometer  that  registers  the  maximum  and minimum of temperature
   occurring  in the interval of time between two consecutive settings of
   the  instrument.  A  common  form  contains  a bit of steel wire to be
   pushed before the column and left at the point of maximum temperature,
   or  a  slide  of  enamel,  which is drawn back by the liquid, and left
   within it at the point of minimum temperature.

                         Thermometric, Thermometrical

   Ther`mo*met"ric    (?),    Ther`mo*met"ric*al    (?),   a.   [Cf.   F.

   1.  Of or pertaining to a thermometer; as, the thermometrical scale or

   2. Made, or ascertained, by means of a thermometer; as, thermometrical


   Ther`mo*met"ric*al*ly  (?),  adv. In a thermometrical manner; by means
   of a thermometer.


   Ther`mo*met"ro*graph  (?),  n.  [Thermo-  +  Gr. -graph.] (Physics) An
   instrument for recording graphically the variations of temperature, or
   the indications of a thermometer.


   Ther*mom"e*try  (?),  n. The estimation of temperature by the use of a
   thermometric apparatus.


   Ther`mo*mul"ti*pli`er   (?),   n.  [Thermo-  +  multiplier.]  Same  as


   Ther"mo*pile  (?), n. [Thermo- + pile a heap.] (Physics) An instrument
   of  extreme  sensibility,  used  to  determine  slight differences and
   degrees  of  heat.  It  is  composed of alternate bars of antimony and
   bismuth,  or  any  two  metals  having  different  capacities  for the
   conduction  of  heat, connected with an astatic galvanometer, which is
   very  sensibly  affected by the electric current induced in the system
   of bars when exposed even to the feeblest degrees of heat.


   Ther"mo*scope  (?), n. [Thermo- + -scope.] (Physics) An instrument for
   indicating  changes  of  temperature  without indicating the degree of
   heat  by  which it is affected; especially, an instrument contrived by
   Count  Rumford  which,  as modified by Professor Leslie, was afterward
   called the differential thermometer.


   Ther`mo*scop"ic (?), a. (Physics) Of or pertaining to the thermoscope;
   made by means of the thermoscope; as, thermoscopic observations.


   Ther"mo*stat  (?), n. [Thermo- + Gr. (Physics) A self-acting apparatus
   for  regulating  temperature  by  the  unequal  expansion of different
   metals, liquids, or gases by heat, as in opening or closing the damper
   of  a  stove, or the like, as the heat becomes greater or less than is


   Ther`mo*stat"ic  (?), a. (Physics) Of or pertaining to the thermostat;
   made or effected by means of the thermostat.


   Ther`mo*sys*tal"tic   (?),   a.   [Thermo-   +  systalic.]  (Physiol.)
   Influenced in its contraction by heat or cold; -- said of a muscle.


   Ther`mo*tax"ic  (?),  a.  [Thermo-  + Gr. (Physiol.) Pertaining to, or
   connected  with, the regulation of temperature in the animal body; as,
   the thermotaxic nervous system.


   Ther`mo*ten"sion  (?), n. [Thermo- + tension.] A process of increasing
   the   strength  of  wrought  iron  by  heating  it  to  a  determinate
   temperature,  and  giving  to  it,  while  in that state, a mechanical
   strain  or tension in the direction in which the strength is afterward
   to be exerted.

                            Thermotic, Thermotical

   Ther*mot"ic (?), Ther*mot"ic*al (?), a. [Gr. Of or pertaining to heat;
   produced by heat; as, thermotical phenomena. Whewell.


   Ther*mot"ics (?), n. The science of heat. Whewell.


   Ther`mo*trop"ic (?), a. (Bot.) Manifesting thermotropism.


   Ther*mot"ro*pism  (?),  n.  [Thermo-  +  Gr.  (Bot.) The phenomenon of
   turning  towards a source of warmth, seen in the growing parts of some


   Ther"mo*type  (?),  n.  [Thermo- + -type.] A picture (as of a slice of
   wood)  obtained by first wetting the object slightly with hydrochloric
   or  dilute sulphuric acid, then taking an impression with a press, and
   next strongly heating this impression.


   Ther*mot"y*py (?), n. The art or process of obtaining thermotypes.


   Ther`mo*vol*ta"ic  (?),  a.  [Thermo-  +  voltaic.]  (Physics)  Of  or
   relating  to  heat  and  electricity;  especially, relating to thermal
   effects produced by voltaic action. Faraday.


   The`ro*mor"pha (?), n. pl. [NL.: Gr. (Paleon.) See Theriodonta.


   The*rop"o*da  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Paleon.)  An  order  of
   carnivorous  dinosaurs  in which the feet are less birdlike, and hence
   more  like those of an ordinary quadruped, than in the Ornithopoda. It
   includes  the  repacious  genera  Megalosaurus,  Creosaurus, and their


   The*sau"rus  (?),  n.; pl. Thesauri (#). [L. See Treasure.] A treasury
   or  storehouse; hence, a repository, especially of knowledge; -- often
   applied to a comprehensive work, like a dictionary or cyclopedia.


   These  (?),  pron.  [OE.  ,  , a variant of , pl. of , thes, this. See
   This, and cf. Those.] The plural of this. See This.


   Thes"i*cle (?), n. [Dim. of thesis.] A little or subordinate thesis; a


   The"sis  (?),  n.;  pl. Theses (#). [L., fr. Gr. Do, and cf. Anathema,
   Apothecary, Epithet, Hypothesis, Parenthesis, Theme, Tick a cover.]

   1.  A  position  or  proposition which a person advances and offers to
   maintain, or which is actually maintained by argument.

   2.  Hence,  an essay or dissertation written upon specific or definite
   theme;  especially, an essay presented by a candidate for a diploma or

     I  told  them  of  the grave, becoming, and sublime deportment they
     should  assume  upon  this  mystical  occasion,  and  read them two
     homilies  and  a  thesis  of  my  own  composing,  to prepare them.

   3.  (Logic)  An  affirmation,  or  distinction  from  a supposition or

   4.  (Mus.) The accented part of the measure, expressed by the downward
   beat; -- the opposite of arsis.

   5.  (Pros.)  (a)  The  depression  of  the  voice  in  pronouncing the
   syllables  of  a  word.  (b)  The  part  of the foot upon which such a
   depression falls.


   Thes"mo*thete  (?), n. [Gr. (Gr. Antiq.) A lawgiver; a legislator; one
   of the six junior archons at Athens.


   Thes"pi*an  (?), a. [From L. Thespis, Gr. Of or pertaining to Thespis;
   hence, relating to the drama; dramatic; as, the Thespian art. -- n. An


   Thes*sa"li*an  (?),  a.  [Cf.  L.  Thessalius.]  Of  or  pertaining to
   Thessaly in Greece. Shak. -- n. A native or inhabitant of Thessaly.


   Thes`sa*lo"ni*an  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to Thessalonica, a city of
   Macedonia. -- n. A native or inhabitant of Thessalonica.


   The"ta (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. qh^ta, the Greek letter th, .] A letter of
   the Greek alphabet corresponding to th in English; -- sometimes called
   the  unlucky letter, from being used by the judges on their ballots in
   passing  condemnation  on a prisoner, it being the first letter of the
   Greek  qa`natos,  death.  Theta  function  (Math.),  one of a group of
   functions used in developing the properties of elliptic functions.


   Thet"ic*al (?), a. [Gr. Thesis.] Laid down; absolute or positive, as a
   law. Dr. H. More.


   The"tine  (?),  n.  [Thio  +  ether  + sulphine.] (Chem.) Any one of a
   series of complex basic sulphur compounds analogous to the sulphines.

                             Theurgic, Theurgical

   The*ur"gic   (?),   The*ur"gic*al   (?),   a.   [L.   theurgicus,  Gr.
   th\'82urgique.]  Of or pertaining to theurgy; magical. Theurgic hymns,
   songs of incantation.


   The"ur*gist (?), n. [Cf. F. th\'82urgiste.] One who pretends to, or is
   addicted to, theurgy. Hallywell.

   Page 1498


   The"ur*gy  (?),  n.  [L.  theurgia,  Gr.  th\'82urgie. See Theism, and

   1. A divine work; a miracle; hence, magic; sorcery.

   2.  A kind of magical science or art developed in Alexandria among the
   Neoplatonists, and supposed to enable man to influence the will of the
   gods   by   means   of   purification  and  other  sacramental  rites.
   Schaff-Herzog Encyc.

   3.  In  later  or modern magic, that species of magic in which effects
   are claimed to be produced by supernatural agency, in distinction from
   natural magic.


   Thew (?), n.

     NOTE: [Chiefly used in the plural Thews (.]

   [OE.  thew,  ,  manner,  habit,  strength,  AS.  manner, habit (cf. to
   drive); akin to OS. thau custom, habit, OHG. dou. \'fb56.]

   1.  Manner;  custom;  habit;  form  of  behavior;  qualities  of mind;
   disposition; specifically, good qualities; virtues. [Obs.]

     For her great light Of sapience, and for her thews clear. Chaucer.

     Evil speeches destroy good thews. Wyclif (1 Cor. xv. 33).

     To be upbrought in gentle thews and martial might. Spenser.

   2. Muscle or strength; nerve; brawn; sinew. Shak.

     And  I myself, who sat apart And watched them, waxed in every limb;
     I felt the thews of Anakim, The pules of a Titan's heart. Tennyson.


   Thewed (?), a.

   1. Furnished with thews or muscles; as, a well-thewed limb.

   2. Accustomed; mannered. [Obs.] John Skelton.

     Yet would not seem so rude and thewed ill. Spenser.


   Thew"y  (?),  a.  Having  strong  or large thews or muscles; muscular;
   sinewy; strong.


   They  (?),  pron.  pl.;  poss.  Theirs;  obj.  Them. [Icel. ■eir they,
   properly  nom.  pl.  masc.  of  s\'be,  s&umac;,  ■at, a demonstrative
   pronoun,  akin  to  the  English  definite article, AS. s\'c7, se\'a2,
   &edh;\'91t,  nom.  pl. &edh;\'be. See That.] The plural of he, she, or
   it.  They  is  never used adjectively, but always as a pronoun proper,
   and sometimes refers to persons without an antecedent expressed.

     Jolif  and  glad  they  went  unto here [their] rest And casten hem
     [them] full early for to sail. Chaucer.

     They of Italy salute you. Heb. xiii. 24.

     Blessed  are  they  which do hunger and thirst after righteousness.
     Matt. v. 6.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ey is used indefinitely, as our ancestors used man,
     and as the French use on; as, they say (French on dit), that is, it
     is said by persons not specified.


   Thi*al"dine  (?),  n.  [Thio-  +  aldehyde  +  -ine.]  (Chem.)  A weak
   nitrogenous sulphur base, C6H13NS2.


   Thi"al*ol  (?),  n.  [Thio-  +  alcohol  +  L.  oleum  oil.] (Chem.) A
   colorless  oily  liquid,  (C2H5)2S2,  having  a strong garlic odor; --
   called  also  ethyl disulphide. By extension, any one of the series of
   related compounds.


   Thib"e*tan  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to Thibet. -- n. A native or
   inhabitant of Thibet.<-- now usu. Tibetan and Tibet. -->

                                 Thibet cloth

   Thib"et cloth` (?). (a) A fabric made of coarse goat's hair; a kind of
   camlet.  (b)  A  kind  of fine woolen cloth, used for dresses, cloaks,


   Thi*be"tian (?), a. & n. Same as Thibetan.<-- = Tibetan -->


   Thi"ble  (?), n. A slice; a skimmer; a spatula; a pudding stick. [Obs.
   or Prov. Eng.] Ainsworth.


   Thick  (?),  a.  [Compar. Thicker (?); superl. Thickest.] [OE. thicke,
   AS.  ;  akin  to D. dik, OS. thikki, OHG. dicchi thick, dense, G. dick
   thick, Icel. , , and probably to Gael. & Ir. tiugh. Cf. Tight.]

   1.  Measuring in the third dimension other than length and breadth, or
   in general dimension other than length; -- said of a solid body; as, a
   timber seven inches thick.

     Were it as thick as is a branched oak. Chaucer.

     My  little  finger shall be thicker than my father's loins. 1 Kings
     xii. 10.

   2.  Having  more depth or extent from one surface to its opposite than
   usual;  not  thin  or  slender;  as, a thick plank; thick cloth; thick
   paper; thick neck.

   3.   Dense;  not  thin;  inspissated;  as,  thick  vapors.  Also  used
   figuratively; as, thick darkness.

     Make the gruel thick and slab. Shak.

   4.  Not  transparent or clear; hence, turbid, muddy, or misty; as, the
   water  of  a river is apt to be thick after a rain. "In a thick, misty
   day." Sir W. Scott.

   5.  Abundant,  close,  or  crowded in space; closely set; following in
   quick succession; frequently recurring.

     The people were gathered thick together. Luke xi. 29.

     Black was the forest; thick with beech it stood. Dryden.

   6.  Not  having  due  distinction  of syllables, or good articulation;
   indistinct; as, a thick utterance.

   7. Deep; profound; as, thick sleep. [R.] Shak.

   8. Dull; not quick; as, thick of fearing. Shak.

     His dimensions to any thick sight were invincible. Shak.

   9. Intimate; very friendly; familiar. [Colloq.]

     We have been thick ever since. T. Hughes.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ick is  of ten us ed in the formation of compounds,
     most  of which are self-explaining; as, thick-barred, thick-bodied,
     thick-coming, thick-cut, thick-flying, thick-growing, thick-leaved,
     thick-lipped,     thick-necked,     thick-planted,    thick-ribbed,
     thick-shelled, thick-woven, and the like.

   Thick  register.  (Phon.) See the Note under Register, n., 7. -- Thick
   stuff  (Naut.), all plank that is more than four inches thick and less
   than twelve. J. Knowles. <-- Thick-skulled, thick-headed. Stupid, slow
   to  learn.  [derogatory]  -->  Syn.  --  Dense; close; compact; solid;
   gross; coarse.


   Thick, n.

   1. The thickest part, or the time when anything is thickest.

     In the thick of the dust and smoke. Knolles.

   2. A thicket; as, gloomy thicks. [Obs.] Drayton.

     Through the thick they heard one rudely rush. Spenser.

     He  through  a  little window cast his sight Through thick of bars,
     that gave a scanty light. Dryden.

   Thick-and-thin  block  (Naut.),  a  fiddle block. See under Fiddle. --
   Through  thick  and thin, through all obstacles and difficulties, both
   great and small.

     Through thick and thin she followed him. Hudibras.

     He  became  the  panegyrist,  through thick and thin, of a military
     frenzy. Coleridge.


   Thick (?), adv. [AS. ■icce.]

   1. Frequently; fast; quick.

   2. Closely; as, a plat of ground thick sown.

   3.  To  a  great  depth,  or  to  a greater depth than usual; as, land
   covered thick with manure.
   Thick  and threefold, in quick succession, or in great numbers. [Obs.]


   Thick, v. t. & i. [Cf. AS. .] To thicken. [R.]

     The  nightmare  Life-in-death  was she, Who thicks man's blood with
     cold. Coleridge.


   Thick"bill` (?), n. The bullfinch. [Prov. Eng.]


   Thick"en  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Thickened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Thickening.]  To  make thick (in any sense of the word). Specifically:
   --  (a)  To  render dense; to inspissate; as, to thicken paint. (b) To
   make  close;  to  fill  up  interstices  in;  as, to thicken cloth; to
   thicken ranks of trees or men. (c) To strengthen; to confirm. [Obs.]

     And this may to thicken other proofs. Shak.

   (d) To make more frequent; as, to thicken blows.


   Thick"en,  v.  i. To become thick. "Thy luster thickens when he shines
   by." Shak.

     The press of people thickens to the court. Dryden.

     The combat thickens, like the storm that flies. Dryden.


   Thick"en*ing,  n.  Something  put  into  a  liquid  or mass to make it


   Thick"et  (?),  n.  [AS.  .  See  Thick, a.] A wood or a collection of
   trees,  shrubs, etc., closely set; as, a ram caught in a thicket. Gen.
   xxii. 13.


   Thick"head` (?), n.

   1. A thick-headed or stupid person. [Colloq.]

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of several species of Australian singing birds
   of  the  genus  Pachycephala.  The  males  of  some of the species are
   bright-colored. Some of the species are popularly called thrushes.


   Thick"-head`ed, a. Having a thick skull; stupid.


   Thick"ish, a. Somewhat thick.


   Thick"-knee` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A stone curlew. See under Stone.


   Thick"ly, adv. In a thick manner; deeply; closely.


   Thick"ness,  n. [AS. .] The quality or state of being thick (in any of
   the senses of the adjective).


   Thick"set` (?), a.

   1. Close planted; as, a thickset wood; a thickset hedge. Dryden.

   2. Having a short, thick body; stout.


   Thick"set`, n.

   1. A close or thick hedge.

   2.  A  stout,  twilled cotton cloth; a fustian corduroy, or velveteen.


   Thick"skin`  (?),  n.  A  coarse,  gross  person;  a  person  void  of
   sensibility or sinsitiveness; a dullard.


   Thick"-skinned`  (?),  a.  Having  a thick skin; hence, not sensitive;
   dull; obtuse. Holland.


   Thick"skull`  (?),  n.  A  dullard,  or  dull  person;  a blockhead; a
   numskull. Entick.


   Thick"-skulled`  (?),  a.  Having  a  thick skull; hence, dull; heavy;
   stupid; slow to learn.

                                  Thick wind

   Thick"  wind`  (?). (Far.) A defect of respiration in a horse, that is
   unassociated with noise in breathing or with the signs of emphysema.


   Thick"-wind`ed, a. (Far.) Affected with thick wind.


   Thid"er (?), adv. Thither. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Thid"er*ward (?), adv. Thitherward. [Obs.]


   Thief  (?),  n.;  pl.  Thieves  (#).  [OE.  thef, theef, AS. ; akin to
   OFries.  thiaf, OS. theof, thiof, D. dief, G. dieb, OHG. diob, Icel. ,
   Sw.  tjuf, Dan. tyv, Goth. , , and perhaps to Lith. tupeti to squat or
   crouch down. Cf. Theft.]

   1. One who steals; one who commits theft or larceny. See Theft.

     There came a privy thief, men clepeth death. Chaucer.

     Where thieves break through and steal. Matt. vi. 19.

   2. A waster in the snuff of a candle. Bp. Hall.
   Thief  catcher. Same as Thief taker. -- Thief leader, one who leads or
   takes  away a thief. L'Estrange. -- Thief taker, one whose business is
   to  find and capture thieves and bring them to justice. -- Thief tube,
   a  tube  for withdrawing a sample of a liquid from a cask. -- Thieves'
   vinegar, a kind of aromatic vinegar for the sick room, taking its name
   from  the  story  that  thieves, by using it, were enabled to plunder,
   with impunity to health, in the great plague at London. [Eng.] Syn. --
   Robber;  pilferer.  --  Thief,  Robber.  A thief takes our property by
   stealth; a robber attacks us openly, and strips us by main force.

     Take heed, have open eye, for thieves do foot by night. Shak.

     Some roving robber calling to his fellows. Milton.


   Thief"ly,  a.  &  adv.  Like  a  thief;  thievish;  thievishly. [Obs.]


   Thi"\'89*none   (?),  n.  [Thi\'89nyl  +  ketone.]  (Chem.)  A  ketone
   derivative  of  thiophene  obtained  as a white crystalline substance,
   (C4H3S)2.CO, by the action of aluminium chloride and carbonyl chloride
   on thiophene.


   Thi"\'89*nyl  (?),  n.  [Thiophene  +  -yl.]  (Chem.) The hypothetical
   radical  C4H3S,  regarded  as  the  essential residue of thiophene and
   certain of its derivatives.


   Thieve  (?),  v.  t.  &  i. [imp. & p. p. Thieved (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Thieving.] [AS. ge.] To practice theft; to steal.


   Thiev"er*y (?), n.

   1. The practice of stealing; theft; thievishness.

     Among  the  Spartans,  thievery  was  a  practice  morally good and
     honest. South.

   2. That which is stolen. [Obs.] Shak.


   Thiev"ish, a.

   1.  Given  to  stealing;  addicted  to  theft;  as,  a thievish boy, a
   thievish magpie.

   2. Like a thief; acting by stealth; sly; secret.

     Time's thievish progress to eternity. Shak.

   3.  Partaking  of  the  nature  of  theft;  accomplished  by stealing;
   dishonest; as, a thievish practice.

     Or  with  a  base and biosterous sword enforce A thievish living on
     the common road. Shak.

   -- Thiev"ish*ly, adv. -- Thiev"ish*ness, n.


   Thigh  (?),  n.  [OE.  thi,  , , AS. ; akin to OFries. thiach, D. dij,
   dije,  OHG.  dioh,  thioh,  Icel.  thigh,  rump, and probably to Lith.
   taukas  fat  of animals, tuk to become fat, Russ. tuke fat of animals.

   1.  (Anat.) The proximal segment of the hind limb between the knee and
   the trunk. See Femur.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The coxa, or femur, of an insect.
   Thigh bone (Anat.), the femur.


   Thilk (?), pron. [Cf. Ilk same.] That same; this; that. [Obs.] "I love
   thilk lass." Spenser.

     Thou spake right now of thilke traitor death. Chaucer.


   Thill  (?), n. [OE. thille, AS. a board, plank, beam, thill; akin to a
   plank,  D.  deel  a  plank, floor, G. diele, OHG. dili, dilla, Icel. a
   plank,  planking,  a  thwart, a wainscot, plank; cf. Skr. tala a level
   surface. \'fb236. Cf. Fill a thill, Deal a plank.]

   1.  One  of  the  two long pieces of wood, extending before a vehicle,
   between which a horse is hitched; a shaft.

   2. (Mining) The floor of a coal mine. Raymond.
   Thill  coupling, a device for connecting the thill of a vehicle to the


   Thill"er  (?),  n. The horse which goes between the thills, or shafts,
   and  supports  them;  also,  the  last horse in a team; -- called also
   thill horse.


   Thim"ble (?), n. [OE. thimbil, AS. , fr. a thumb. \'fb56. See Thumb.]

   1.  A  kind of cap or cover, or sometimes a broad ring, for the end of
   the  finger,  used  in  sewing  to protect the finger when pushing the
   needle through the material. It is usually made of metal, and has upon
   the outer surface numerous small pits to catch the head of the needle.

   2.  (Mech.)  Any  thimble-shaped appendage or fixure. Specifically: --
   (a)  A  tubular  piece, generally a strut, through which a bolt or pin
   passes. (b) A fixed or movable ring, tube, or lining placed in a hole.
   (c) A tubular cone for expanding a flue; -- called ferrule in England.

   3. (Naut.) A ring of thin metal formed with a grooved circumference so
   as  to  fit  within  an  eye-spice,  or  the like, and protect it from


   Thim"ble*ber`ry  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  kind  of  black raspberry (Rubus
   occidentalis), common in America.


   Thim"ble*eye` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The chub mackerel. See under Chub.


   Thim"ble*ful  (?),  n.;  pl.  Thimblefuls (. As much as a thimble will
   hold; a very small quantity.

     For a thimbleful of golf, a thimbleful of love. Dryden.


   Thim"ble*rig`  (?), n. A sleight-of-hand trick played with three small
   cups, shaped like thimbles, and a small ball or little pea.


   Thim"ble*rig`,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Thimblerigged (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Thimblerigging.]  To swindle by means of small cups or thimbles, and a
   pea  or  small  ball  placed  under one of them and quickly shifted to
   another,  the  victim  laying a wager that he knows under which cup it
   is; hence, to cheat by any trick.


   Thim"ble*rig`ger  (?),  n. One who cheats by thimblerigging, or tricks
   of legerdemain.


   Thim"ble*weed`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  Any  plant  of  the  composite genus
   Rudbeckia,  coarse  herbs  somewhat  resembling  the  sunflower; -- so
   called from their conical receptacles.


   Thin  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Thiner  (?);  superl. Thinest.] [OE. thinne,
   thenne,  thunne,  AS.  ■ynne;  akin to D. dun, G. d\'81nn, OHG. dunni,
   Icel.  ■unnr,  Sw.  tunn,  Dan.  tynd,  Gael. & Ir. tana, W. teneu, L.
   tenuis,  Gr.  tanu  thin,  slender;  also to AS. to extend, G. dehnen,
   Icel.  ,  Goth. (in comp.), L. tendere to stretch, tenere to hold, Gr.
   tan. \'fb51 & 237. Cf. Attenuate, Dance, Tempt, Tenable, Tend to move,
   Tenous, Thunder, Tone.]

   1. Having little thickness or extent from one surface to its opposite;
   as, a thin plate of metal; thin paper; a thin board; a thin covering.

   2.  Rare;  not  dense or thick; -- applied to fluids or soft mixtures;
   as, thin blood; thin broth; thin air. Shak.

     In the day, when the air is more thin. Bacon.

     Satan,  bowing  low  His gray dissimulation, disappeared, Into thin
     air diffused. Milton.

   3.  Not  close;  not  crowded;  not  filling the space; not having the
   individuals  of  which  the  thing  is  composed in a close or compact
   state;  hence,  not  abundant; as, the trees of a forest are thin; the
   corn or grass is thin.

     Ferrara is very large, but extremely thin of people. Addison.

   4. Not full or well grown; wanting in plumpness.

     Seven thin ears . . . blasted with the east wind. Gen. xli. 6.

   5. Not stout; slim; slender; lean; gaunt; as, a person becomes thin by

   6. Wanting in body or volume; small; feeble; not full.

     Thin, hollow sounds, and lamentable screams. Dryden.

   7.  Slight;  small;  slender;  flimsy;  wanting  substance or depth or
   force;  superficial;  inadequate; not sufficient for a covering; as, a
   thin disguise.

     My tale is done, for my wit is but thin. Chaucer.

     NOTE: &hand; Th in is  used in the formation of compounds which are
     mostly  self-explaining; as, thin-faced, thin-lipped, thin-peopled,
     thin-shelled, and the like.

   Thin section. See under Section.


   Thin, adv. Not thickly or closely; in a seattered state; as, seed sown

     Spain is thin sown of people. Bacon.


   Thin, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Thinned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Thinning.] [Cf.
   AS. ge■ynnian.] To make thin (in any of the senses of the adjective).


   Thin, v. i. To grow or become thin; -- used with some adverbs, as out,
   away,  etc.; as, geological strata thin out, i. e., gradually diminish
   in thickness until they disappear.


   Thine  (?),  pron.  & a. [OE. thin, AS. &edh;\'c6n, originally gen. of
   &edh;u,  &edh;&umac;,  thou;  akin  to  G.  dein  thine,  Icel.  ■inn,
   possessive   pron.,   ■\'c6n,  gen.  of  ■&umac;  thou,  Goth.  ■eins,
   possessive  pron.,  ■eina,  gen. of ■u thou. See Thou, and cf. Thy.] A
   form  of  the  possessive  case of the pronoun thou, now superseded in
   common  discourse  by  your,  the possessive of you, but maintaining a
   place in solemn discourse, in poetry, and in the usual language of the
   Friends, or Quakers.

     NOTE: &hand; In  the old style, thine was commonly shortened to thi
     (thy)  when  used  attributively  before  words  beginning  with  a
     consonant; now, thy is used also before vowels. Thine is often used
     absolutely, the thing possessed being understood.

   Page 1499


   Thing  (?),  n. [AS. ■ing a thing, cause, assembly, judicial assembly;
   akin to ■ingan to negotiate, ■ingian to reconcile, conciliate, D. ding
   a  thing,  OS.  thing  thing,  assembly,  judicial assembly, G. ding a
   thing,  formerly  also,  an  assembly,  court,  Icel.  ■ing  a  thing,
   assembly,  court,  Sw.  &  Dan.  ting;  perhaps originally used of the
   transaction of or before a popular assembly, or the time appointed for
   such  an assembly; cf. G. dingen to bargain, hire, MHG. dingen to hold
   court, speak before a court, negotiate, Goth. ■eihs time, perhaps akin
   to L. tempus time. Cf. Hustings, and Temporal of time.]

   1.  Whatever  exists,  or is conceived to exist, as a separate entity,
   whether  animate or inanimate; any separable or distinguishable object
   of thought.

     God  made  . . . every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his
     kind. Gen. i. 25.

     He  sent after this manner; ten asses laden with the good things of
     Egypt. Gen. xiv. 23.

     A thing of beauty is a joy forever. Keats.

   2.  An  inanimate  object,  in  distinction  from  a living being; any
   lifeless material.

     Ye meads and groves, unsonscious things! Cowper.

   3. A transaction or occurrence; an event; a deed.

     [And Jacob said] All these things are against me. Gen. xlii. 36.

     Which if ye tell me, I in like wise will tell you by what authority
     I do these things. Matt. xxi. 24.

   4. A portion or part; something.

     Wieked men who understand any thing of wisdom. Tillotson.

   5.  A  diminutive  or  slighted  object;  any  object viewed as merely
   existing; -- often used in pity or contempt.

     See, sons, what things you are! Shak.

     The poor thing sighed, and . . . turned from me. Addison.

     I'll be this abject thing no more. Granville.

     I have a thing in prose. Swift.

   6.  pl.  Clothes;  furniture;  appurtenances;  luggage; as, to pack or
   store one's things. [Colloq.]

     NOTE: &hand; Fo rmerly, the singular was sometimes used in a plural
     or collective sense.

     And them she gave her moebles and her thing. Chaucer.

     NOTE: &hand; Thing was used in a very general sense in Old English,
     and is still heard colloquially where some more definite term would
     be used in careful composition.

     In  the garden [he] walketh to and fro, And hath his things [i. e.,
     prayers, devotions] said full courteously. Chaucer.

     Hearkening his minstrels their things play. Chaucer.

   7.   (Law)  Whatever  may  be  possessed  or  owned;  a  property;  --
   distinguished from person.

   8.  [In  this sense pronounced t&icr;ng.] In Scandinavian countries, a
   legislative or judicial assembly. Longfellow.
   Things  personal.  (Law) Same as Personal property, under Personal. --
   Things real. Same as Real property, under Real.


   Think (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Thought (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Thinking.]
   [OE.  thinken, properly, to seem, from AS. ■yncean (cf. Methinks), but
   confounded with OE. thenken to think, fr. AS. ■encean (imp. ■\'d3hte);
   akin  to  D.  denken,  dunken,  OS.  thenkian,  thunkian,  G.  denken,
   d\'81nken,  Icel.  ■ekkja  to perceive, to know, ■ykkja to seem, Goth.
   ■agkjan, ■aggkjan, to think, ■ygkjan to think, to seem, OL. tongere to
   know. Cf. Thank, Thought.]

   1. To seem or appear; -- used chiefly in the expressions methinketh or
   methinks,  and  methought.  <--  structurally  similar  to  Russ.  mne
   kazhetsya -->

     NOTE: &hand; Th ese are genuine Anglo-Saxon expressions, equivalent
     to  it  seems to me, it seemed to me. In these expressions me is in
     the dative case.

   2.  To  employ  any  of  the intellectual powers except that of simple
   perception  through  the  senses;  to exercise the higher intellectual

     For that I am I know, because I think. Dryden.

   3.  Specifically:  -- (a) To call anything to mind; to remember; as, I
   would have sent the books, but I did not think of it.

     Well thought upon; I have it here. Shak.

   (b)  To  reflect upon any subject; to muse; to meditate; to ponder; to
   consider; to deliberate.

     And when he thought thereon, he wept. Mark xiv. 72.

     He  thought within himself, saying, What shall I do, because I have
     no room where to bestow my fruits? Luke xii. 17.

   (c)  To  form  an  opinion  by  reasoning;  to  judge; to conclude; to
   believe; as, I think it will rain to-morrow.

     Let them marry to whom they think best. Num. xxxvi. 6.

   (d) To purpose; to intend; to design; to mean.

     I thought to promote thee unto great honor. Num. xxiv. 11.

     Thou thought'st to help me. Shak.

   (e) To presume; to venture.

     Think  not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father.
     Matt. iii. 9.

     NOTE: &hand; To  th ink, in  a  ph ilosophical us e as yet somewhat
     limited,   designates   the  higher  intellectual  acts,  the  acts
     pre\'89minently rational; to judge; to compare; to reason. Thinking
     is  employed  by  Hamilton  as  "comprehending  all  our collective
     energies."  It  is  defined  by  Mansel  as  "the act of knowing or
     judging by means of concepts,"by Lotze as "the reaction of the mind
     on the material supplied by external influences." See Thought.

   To think better of. See under Better. -- To think much of, OR To think
   well  of,  to  hold  in  esteem;  to esteem highly. Syn. -- To expect;
   guess;   cogitate;   reflect;  ponder;  contemplate;  meditate;  muse;
   imagine; suppose; believe. See Expect, Guess.


   Think, v. t.

   1. To conceive; to imagine.

     Charity . . . thinketh no evil. 1 Cor. xiii. 4,5.

   2. To plan or design; to plot; to compass. [Obs.]

     So  little womanhood And natural goodness, as to think the death Of
     her own son. Beau. & Fl.

   3. To believe; to consider; to esteem.

     Nor think superfluous other's aid. Milton.

   To  think  much,  to  esteem  a  great matter; to grudge. [Obs.] "[He]
   thought  not  much  to clothe his enemies." Milton. -- To think scorn.
   (a)  To  disdain.  [Obs.]  "He  thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai
   alone." Esther iii. 6. (b) To feel indignation. [Obs.]
   Think"a*ble  (?), a. Capable of being thought or conceived; cogitable.
   Sir W. Hamilton.
   Think"er  (?),  n.  One  who  thinks;  especially and chiefly, one who
   thinks  in a particular manner; as, a close thinker; a deep thinker; a
   coherent thinker. 


   Think"ing,  a. Having the faculty of thought; cogitative; capable of a
   regular  train of ideas; as, man is a thinking being. -- Think"ing*ly,


   Think"ing,  n.  The  act  of  thinking; mode of thinking; imagination;
   cogitation; judgment.

     I  heard  a  bird so sing, Whose music, to my thinking, pleased the
     king. Shak.


   Thin"ly  (?),  a.  In  a  thin  manner;  in a loose, scattered manner;
   scantily; not thickly; as, ground thinly planted with trees; a country
   thinly inhabited.


   Thin"ner  (?),  n.  One  who thins, or makes thinner. <-- 2. A solvent
   used to thin a viscous liquid, as a paint thinner. -->


   Thin"ness, n. The quality or state of being thin (in any of the senses
   of the word).


   Thin"nish (?), a. Somewhat thin.


   Thin"o*lite  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -lite.] (Min.) A calcareous tufa, in part
   crystalline,  occurring  on a large scale as a shore deposit about the
   Quaternary lake basins of Nevada.


   Thin"-skinned`   (?),   a.  Having  a  thin  skin;  hence,  sensitive;


   Thi"o-  (?).  [Gr.  (Chem.)  A  combining form (also used adjectively)
   denoting the presence of sulphur. See Sulpho-.


   Thi`o*car"bon*ate (?), n. (Chem.) A sulphocarbonate.


   Thi`o*car*bon"ic   (?),   a.  [Thio-  +  carbonic.]  (Chem.)  Same  as


   Thi`o*cy"a*nate (?), n. (Chem.) Same as Sulphocyanate.


   Thi`o*cy*an"ic (?), a. [Thio- + cyanic.] (Chem.) Same as Sulphocyanic.


   Thi`o*naph"thene  (?),  n. [Thiophene + naphthalene.] (Chem.) A double
   benzene  and  thiophene  nucleus, C8H6S, analogous to naphthalene, and
   like  it  the  base  of  a  large series of derivatives. [Written also


   Thi*on"ic (?), a. [Gr. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to sulphur; containing
   or  resembling  sulphur; specifically, designating certain of the thio
   compounds;   as,   the   thionic  acids.  Cf.  Dithionic,  Trithionic,
   Tetrathionic, etc.


   Thi"on*ine  (?),  n. [Gr. (Chem.) An artificial red or violet dyestuff
   consisting  of  a  complex  sulphur  derivative  of  certain  aromatic
   diamines,  and  obtained  as a dark crystalline powder; -- called also
   phenylene violet.


   Thi"on*ol  (?),  n. [Thionine + -ol.] (Chem.) A red or violet dyestuff
   having a greenish metallic luster. It is produced artificially, by the
   chemical dehydration of thionine, as a brown amorphous powder.


   Thi*on"o*line  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  beautiful fluorescent crystalline
   substance, intermediate in composition between thionol and thionine.


   Thi"on*yl  (?),  n.  [Thionic + -yl.] (Chem.) The hypothetical radical
   SO,  regarded  as  an  essential  constituent  of  certain  sulphurous
   compounds; as, thionyl chloride.


   Thi"o*phene  (?),  n.  [Thio-  +  phenyl  +  -ene.]  (Chem.) A sulphur
   hydrocarbon,  C4H4S,  analogous to furfuran and benzene, and acting as
   the  base  of  a large number of substances which closely resemble the
   corresponding aromatic derivatives.


   Thi`o*phen"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Of,  pertaining to, or derived from,
   thiophene;  specifically,  designating  a  certain  acid  analogous to
   benzoic acid.


   Thi`o*phe"nol  (?),  n.  [Thio-  + phenol.] (Chem.) A colorless mobile
   liquid,  C6H5.SH,  of  an  offensive odor, and analogous to phenol; --
   called also phenyl sulphydrate.


   Thi*oph"thene  (?),  n.  [Abbreviated  from  thionaphthene.] (Chem.) A
   double  thiophene nucleus, C6H4S2, analogous to thionaphthene, and the
   base of a large series of compounds. [Written also thiophtene.]


   Thi`o*sul"phate  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  salt  of thiosulphuric acid; --
   formerly called hyposulphite.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e so dium sa lt ca lled in  photography by the name
     sodium  hyposulphite,  being  used  as  a solvent for the excess of
     unchanged  silver  chloride,  bromide,  and iodide on the sensitive


   Thi`o*sul*phur"ic  (?), a. [Thio- + sulphuric.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining
   to,  or  designating, an unstable acid, H2S2O3, analogous to sulphuric
   acid, and formerly called hyposulphurous acid.


   Thi`o*to"lene  (?),  n.  [Thio-  +  toluene.] (Chem.) A colorless oily
   liquid,  C4H3S.CH3,  analogous  to, and resembling, toluene; -- called
   also methyl thiophene.


   Thi*ox"ene  (?),  n.  [Thiophene  +  xylene.] (Chem.) Any one of three
   possible  metameric  substances,  which  are  dimethyl  derivatives of
   thiophene, like the xylenes from benzene.


   Third  (?),  a.  [OE.  thirde,  AS.  , fr. , , three; akin to D. derde
   third,  G.  dritte,  Icel. , Goth. , L. tertius, Gr. t. See Three, and
   cf. Riding a jurisdiction, Tierce.]

   1.  Next  after the second; coming after two others; -- the ordinal of
   three; as, the thirdhour in the day. "The third night." Chaucer.

   2.  Constituting or being one of three equal parts into which anything
   is divided; as, the third part of a day.
   Third  estate. (a) In England, the commons, or the commonalty, who are
   represented  in Parliament by the House of Commons. (b) In France, the
   tiers  \'82tat.  See  Tiers \'82tat. Third order (R. C. Ch.), an order
   attached  to a monastic order, and comprising men and women devoted to
   a rule of pious living, called the third rule, by a simple vow if they
   remain  seculars, and by more solemn vows if they become regulars. See
   Tertiary,  n.,  1.  -- Third person (Gram.), the person spoken of. See
   Person, n., 7. -- Third sound. (Mus.) See Third, n., 3.


   Third (?), n.

   1.  The  quotient of a unit divided by three; one of three equal parts
   into which anything is divided.

   2. The sixtieth part of a second of time.

   3. (Mus.) The third tone of the scale; the mediant.

   4.  pl.  (Law)  The  third  part  of the estate of a deseased husband,
   which,  by  some local laws, the widow is entitled to enjoy during her
   Major  third  (Mus.), an interval of two tones. -- Minor third (Mus.),
   an interval of a tone and a half.


   Third"-bor`ough  (?),  n.  (O.  Eng.  Law)  An  under constable. Shak.


   Third"ings  (?), n. pl. (Eng. Law) The third part of the corn or grain
   growing  on  the  ground  at the tenant's death, due to the lord for a
   heriot, as within the manor of Turfat in Herefordshire.


   Third"ly, adv. In the third place. Bacon.


   Third"-pen`ny  (?), n. (A.S. Law) A third part of the profits of fines
   and  penalties  imposed  at  the  country  court,  which was among the
   perquisites enjoyed by the earl.


   Thirl (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Thirled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Thirling.]
   [See Thrill.] To bore; to drill or thrill. See Thrill. [Obs. or Prov.]

     That with a spear was thirled his breast bone. Chaucer.


   Thirl"age  (?), n. [Cf. Thrall.] (Scots Law) The right which the owner
   of  a  mill  possesses, by contract or law, to compel the tenants of a
   certain  district,  or  of his sucken, to bring all their grain to his
   mill for grinding. Erskine.


   Thirst (?), n. [OE. thirst, ■urst, AS. ■urst, ■yrst; akin to D. dorst,
   OS.  thurst,  G.  durst,  Icel.  ■orsti,  Sw.  &  Dan. t\'94rst, Goth.
   ■a\'a3rstei  thirst,  ■a\'a3rsus  dry,  withered,  ■a\'a3rsie■  mik  I
   thirst, ga■a\'a1rsan to wither, L. torrere to parch, Gr. te`rsesqai to
   become  dry,  tesai`nein to dry up, Skr. t&rsdot;sh to thirst. \'fb54.
   Cf. Torrid.]

   1.  A sensation of dryness in the throat associated with a craving for
   liquids,  produced by deprivation of drink, or by some other cause (as
   fear,  excitement, etc.) which arrests the secretion of the pharyngeal
   mucous membrane; hence, the condition producing this sensation.

     Wherefore  is  this  that  thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to
     kill us, and our children . . . with thirst? Ex. xvii. 3.

     With thirst, with cold, with hunger so confounded. Chaucer.

   2. Fig.: A want and eager desire after anything; a craving or longing;
   -- usually with for, of, or after; as, the thirst for gold. "Thirst of
   worldy good." Fairfax. "The thirst I had of knowledge." Milton.


   Thirst, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Thirsted; p. pr. & vb. n. Thirsting.] [AS.
   . See Thirst, n.]

   1.  To feel thirst; to experience a painful or uneasy sensation of the
   throat or fauces, as for want of drink.

     The people thirsted there for water. Ex. xvii. 3.

   2. To have a vehement desire.

     My soul thirsteth for . . . the living God. Ps. xlii. 2.


   Thirst, v. t. To have a thirst for. [R.]

     He seeks his keeper's flesh, and thirsts his blood. Prior.


   Thirst"er (?), n. One who thirsts.


   Thirst"i*ly (?), adv. In a thirsty manner.


   Thirst"i*ness, n. The state of being thirsty; thirst.


   Thirs"tle (?), n. The throstle. [Prov. Eng.]


   Thirst"y  (?),  a. [Compar. Thirstier (?); superl. Thirstiest.] [AS. .
   See Thirst, n.]

   1. Feeling thirst; having a painful or distressing sensation from want
   of drink; hence, having an eager desire.

     Give  me,  I  pray thee, a little water to drink, for I am thirsty.
     Judges iv. 19.

   2. Deficient in moisture; dry; parched.

     A dry and thirsty land, where no water is. Ps. lxiii. 1.

     When  in the sultry glebe I faint, Or on the thirsty mountain pant.


   Thir"teen` (?), a. [OE. threttene, AS. , . See Three, and Ten, and cf.
   Thirty.]  One  more than twelve; ten and three; as, thirteen ounces or


   Thir"teen`, n.

   1.  The  number  greater by one than twelve; the sum of ten and three;
   thirteen units or objects.

   2. A symbol representing thirteen units, as 13 or xiii.


   Thir"teenth` (?), a. [From Thirteen: cf. AS. .]

   1.  Next in order after the twelfth; the third after the tenth; -- the
   ordinal of thirteen; as, the thirteenth day of the month.

   2.  Constituting  or  being  one  of  thirteen  equal parts into which
   anything is divided.


   Thir"teenth`, n.

   1.  The  quotient of a unit divided by thirteen; one of thirteen equal
   parts into which anything is divided.

   2. The next in order after the twelfth.

   3. (Mus.) The interval comprising an octave and a sixth.


   Thir"ti*eth (?), a. [From Thirty: cf. AS. ■r\'c6tig\'d3&edh;a.]

   1.  Next  in  order  after  the  twenty-ninth;  the  tenth  after  the
   twentieth;  --  the  ordinal  of  thirty; as, the thirtieth day of the

   2. Constituting or being one of thirty equal parts into which anything
   is divided.


   Thir"ti*eth,  n.  The  quotient  of  a  unit divided by thirty; one of
   thirty equal parts.


   Thir"ty (?), a. [OE. thritty, AS. \'edr\'c6tig, \'edrittig; akin to D.
   dertig,  G.  dreissig, Icel. \'edrj\'bet\'c6u, \'edrj\'betigi, \'edrir
   teger,  Goth.  \'edreis  tigjus, i.e., three tens. See Three, and Ten,
   and  cf. Thirteen.] Being three times ten; consisting of one more than
   twenty-nine;  twenty and ten; as, the month of June consists of thirty

   Page 1500

   Page 1500


   Thir"ty (?), n.; pl. Thirties (.

   1. The sum of three tens, or twenty and ten; thirty units or objects.

   2. A symbol expressing thirty, as 30, or XXX.


   Thir"ty-sec`ond (?), a. Being one of thirty-two equal parts into which
   anything is divided. Thirty-second note (Mus.), the thirty-second part
   of a whole note; a demi-semiquaver.


   This  (?),  pron. & a.; pl. These (#). [OE. this, thes, AS. \'eb\'c7s,
   masc., \'ebe\'a2s, fem., \'ebis, neut.; akin to OS. these, D. deze, G.
   dieser,  OHG.  diser,  deser,  Icel.  \'edessi;  originally  from  the
   definite article + a particle -se, -si; cf. Goth. sai behold. See The,
   That, and cf. These, Those.]

   1.  As a demonstrative pronoun, this denotes something that is present
   or near in place or time, or something just mentioned, or that is just
   about to be mentioned.

     When  they  heard  this, they were pricked in their heart. Acts ii.

     But  know this, that if the good man of the house had known in what
     watch the thief would come, he would have watched. Matt. xxiv. 43.

   2.  As  an  adjective,  this  has  the same demonstrative force as the
   pronoun, but is followed by a noun; as, this book; this way to town.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is ma y be  used as opposed or correlative to that,
     and sometimes as opposed to other or to a second this. See the Note
     under That, 1.

     This way and that wavering sails they bend. Pope.

     A body of this or that denomination is produced. Boyle.

     Their judgment in this we may not, and in that we need not, follow.

     Consider  the  arguments  which the author had to write this, or to
     design the other, before you arraign him. Dryden.

     Thy crimes . . . soon by this or this will end. Addison.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is, li ke a,  ev ery, th at, et c., ma y refer to a
     number,  as  of  years,  persons,  etc., taken collectively or as a

     This twenty years have I been with thee.. Gen. xxxi. 38.

     I  have not wept this years; but now My mother comes afresh into my
     eyes. Dryden.


   This"tle  (?),  n.  [OE.  thistil, AS. ■istel; akin to D. & G. distel,
   OHG.  distila,  distil,  Icel.  ■istill,  Sw.  tistel, Dan. tidsel; of
   uncertain origin.] (Bot.) Any one of several prickly composite plants,
   especially  those  of  the  genera Cnicus, Craduus, and Onopordon. The
   name  is  often also applied to other prickly plants. Blessed thistle,
   Carduus  benedictus,  so  named  because it was formerly considered an
   antidote  to  the  bite of venomous creatures. -- Bull thistle, Cnicus
   lanceolatus, the common large thistle of neglected pastures. -- Canada
   thistle,  Cnicus arvensis, a native of Europe, but introduced into the
   United  States from Canada. -- Cotton thistle, Onopordon Acanthium. --
   Fuller's  thistle,  the  teasel. -- Globe thistle, Melon thistle, etc.
   See  under Globe, Melon, etc. -- Pine thistle, Atractylis gummifera, a
   native  of  the Mediterranean region. A vicid gum resin flows from the
   involucre.  --  Scotch thistle, either the cotton thistle, or the musk
   thistle,  or  the  spear  thistle;  --  all  used  national emblems of
   Scotland. -- Sow thistle, Sonchus oleraceus. -- Spear thistle. Same as
   Bull  thistle. -- Star thistle, a species of Centaurea. See Centaurea.
   --  Torch  thistle, a candelabra-shaped plant of the genus Cereus. See
   Cereus. -- Yellow thistle, Cincus horridulus. Thistle bird (Zo\'94l.),
   the  American goldfinch, or yellow-bird (Spinus tristis); -- so called
   on  account of its feeding on the seeds of thistles. See Illust. under
   Goldfinch.  --  Thistle  butterfly  (Zo\'94l.),  a  handsomely colored
   American  butterfly  (Vanessa cardui) whose larva feeds upon thistles;
   --  called  also  painted  lady.  -- Thistle cock (Zo\'94l.), the corn
   bunting  (Emberiza  militaria).  [Prov. Eng.] -- Thistle crown, a gold
   coin  of  England  of  the reign of James I., worth four shillings. --
   Thistle  finch  (Zo\'94l.),  the  goldfinch;  --  so  called  from its
   fondness  for  thistle seeds. [Prov. Eng.] -- Thistle funnel, a funnel
   having a bulging body and flaring mouth.


   This"tly (?), a.

   1. Overgrown with thistles; as, thistly ground.

   2. Fig.: Resembling a thistle or thistles; sharp; pricking.

     In  such  a  world,  so  thorny,  and  where  none  Finds happiness
     unblighted,  or, if found, Without some thistly sorrow at its side.


   Thith"er  (?),  adv.  [OE. thider, AS. &edh;ider; akin to E. that; cf.
   Icel. ■a&edh;ra there, Goth. ■a■r\'d3 thence. See That, and The.]

   1. To that place; -- opposed to hither.

     This city is near; . . . O, let me escape thither. Gen. xix. 20.

     Where I am, thither ye can not come. John vii. 34.

   2. To that point, end, or result; as, the argument tended thither.
   Hither  and  thither,  to this place and to that; one way and another.
   Syn.  -- There. Thither, There. Thither properly denotes motion toward
   a  place;  there  denotes rest in a place; as, I am going thither, and
   shall  meet  you there. But thither has now become obsolete, except in
   poetry,  or  a style purposely conformed to the past, and there is now
   used in both senses; as, I shall go there to-morrow; we shall go there


   Thith"er (?), a.

   1.  Being  on the farther side from the person speaking; farther; -- a
   correlative  of  hither;  as,  on the thither side of the water. W. D.

   2.  Applied to time: On the thither side of, older than; of more years
   than. See Hither, a. Huxley.


   Thith"er*to` (?), adv. To that point; so far. [Obs.]


   Thith"er*ward (?), adv. To ward that place; in that direction.

     They  shall ask the way to Zion, with their faces thitherward. Jer.
     l. 5.


   Thit"see (?), n. [Written also theesee, and thietsie.]

   1. (Bot.) The varnish tree of Burmah (Melanorrh\'d2a usitatissima).

   2. A black varnish obtained from the tree.


   Thlip"sis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Med.)  Compression,  especially
   constriction of vessels by an external cause.


   Tho (&th;&omac;), def. art. The. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Tho, pron. pl. Those. [Obs.]

     This knowen tho that be to wives bound. Chaucer.


   Tho, adv. [AS. ■\'be.] Then. [Obs.] Spenser.

     To do obsequies as was tho the guise. Chaucer.


   Tho, conj. Though. [Reformed spelling.]


   Thole  (?),  n.  [Written also thowel, and thowl.] [OE. thol, AS. ■ol;
   akin to D. dol, Icel. ■ollr a fir tree, a young fir, a tree, a thole.]

   1.  A wooden or metal pin, set in the gunwale of a boat, to serve as a
   fulcrum for the oar in rowing. Longfellow.

   2. The pin, or handle, of a scythe snath.
   Thole pin. Same as Thole.


   Thole,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tholed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tholing.] [OE.
   ■olen,  ■olien,  AS.  ■olian; akin to OS. thol\'d3n, OHG. dol\'c7n, G.
   geduld  patience,  dulden  to  endure,  Icel.  ■ola, Sw. t\'86la, Dan.
   taale,  Goth. ■ulan, L. tolerate, tulisse, to endure, bear, tollere to
   lift,  bear,  Gr.  tul  to  lift.  \'fb55.  Cf. Tolerate.] To bear; to
   endure; to undergo. [Obs. or Scot.] Gower.

     So much woe as I have with you tholed. Chaucer.

     To thole the winter's steely dribble. Burns.


   Thole, v. i. To wait. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

                              Thom\'91an, Thomean

   Tho*m\'91"an,  Tho*me"an (?), n. (Eccl. Hist.) A member of the ancient
   church  of Christians established on the Malabar coast of India, which
   some suppose to have been originally founded by the Apostle Thomas.

                               Thomism, Thomaism

   Tho"mism  (?), Tho"ma*ism (?), n. (Eccl. Hist.) The doctrine of Thomas
   Aquinas, esp. with respect to predestination and grace.


   Tho"mist  (?),  n.  (Eccl.  Hist.)  A  follower of Thomas Aquinas. See


   Tho"mite (?), n. (Eccl. Hist.) A Thom\'91an.


   Thom"sen*o*lite  (?), n. [Named after Dr. J.Thomsen of Copenhagen. See
   -lite.]  (Min.) A fluoride of aluminium, calcium, and sodium occurring
   with the cryolite of Greenland.

                               Thomsen's disease

   Thom"sen's  dis*ease"  (?).  [From  Thomsen, a physician of Sleswick.]
   (Med.)   An  affection  apparently  congenital,  consisting  in  tonic
   contraction  and  stiffness of the voluntary muscles occurring after a
   period of muscular inaction.


   Thom*so"ni*an  (?), a. (Med.) Of or pertaining to Thomsonianism. -- n.
   A believer in Thomsonianism; one who practices Thomsonianism.


   Thom*so"ni*an*ism  (?),  n.  (Med.)  An empirical system which assumes
   that  the  human  body is composed of four elements, earth, air, fire,
   and  water, and that vegetable medicines alone should be used; -- from
   the founder, Dr. Samuel Thomson, of Massachusetts.


   Thom"son*ite (?), n. [From R.D.Thomson, of Glasgow.] (Min.) A zeolitic
   mineral,  occurring generally in masses of a radiated structure. It is
   a  hydrous  silicate  of aluminia, lime, and soda. Called also mesole,
   and comptonite.


   Thong  (?),  n.  [OE.  thong,  ■wong, thwang, AS. ■wang; akin to Icel.
   ■vengr  a  thong,  latchet.  \'fb57.  Cf. Twinge.] A strap of leather;
   especially, one used for fastening anything.

     And  nails  for  loosened  spears, and thongs for shields, provide.

   Thong seal (Zo\'94l.), the bearded seal. See the Note under Seal.


   Tho"oid  (?), a. [Gr. -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to a group of
   carnivores, including the wovels and the dogs.


   Thor  (?), n. [Icel. ■\'d3rs. Cf. Thursday.] (Scand. Myth.) The god of
   thunder, and son of Odin.


   Tho`ra*cen*te"sis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Surg.) The operation of
   puncturing  the  chest  wall so as to let out liquids contained in the
   cavity of the chest.


   Tho*rac"ic  (?),  a.  [Cf. F. thoracique.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to
   the  thorax,  or  chest. Thoracic duct (Anat.), the great trunk of the
   lymphatic  vessels,  situated  on  the  ventral  side of the vertebral
   column in the thorax and abdomen. See Illust. of Lacteal.
   Tho*rac"ic,  n.  [Cf.  F.  thoracique.]  (Zo\'94l.)  One of a group of
   fishes  having  the  ventral fins placed beneath the thorax or beneath
   the pectorial fins. 


   Tho*rac"i*ca  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.]  (Zo\'94l.) A division of cirripeds
   including  those which have six thoracic segments, usually bearing six
   pairs of cirri. The common barnacles are examples.


   Tho`ra*com"e*ter (?), n. (Physiol.) Same as Stethometer.


   Tho`ra*co*plas"ty  (?),  n.  [Thorax + plasty.] (Med.) A remodeling or
   reshaping  of  the  thorax;  especially, the operation of removing the
   ribs, so as to obliterate the pleural cavity in cases of empyema.


   Tho`ra*cos"tra*ca  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See Thorax, and Ostracoid, a.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  An extensive division of Crustacea, having a dorsal shield
   or carapec


   Tho`ra*cot"o*my  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Surg.)  The operation of opening the
   pleural cavity by incision.


   Tho"ral  (?),  a.  [L. torus a couch, bed.] Of or pertaining to a bed.


   Tho"rax (?), n. [L., fr. Gr.

   1.  (Anat.)  The  part  of the trunk between the neck and the abdomen,
   containing  that  part  of  the  body  cavity  the  walls of which are
   supported  by  the  dorsal vertebr\'91, the ribs, and the sternum, and
   which the heart and lungs are situated; the chest.

     NOTE: &hand; In mammals the thoracic cavity is completely separated
     from the abdominal by the diaphragm, but in birds and many reptiles
     the  separation  is  incomplete,  while  in  other reptiles, and in
     amphibians  and  fishes,  there is no marked separation and no true

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) (a) The middle region of the body of an insect, or that
   region  which bears the legs and wings. It is composed of three united
   somites,  each  of  which  is  composed of several distinct parts. See
   Illust.  in  Appendix.  and  Illust. of Coleoptera. (b) The second, or
   middle,  region  of  the  body  of  a  crustacean,  arachnid, or other
   articulate  animal.  In  the  case  of decapod Crustacea, some writers
   include  under  the  term  thorax  only the three segments bearing the
   maxillipeds;  others  include also the five segments bearing the legs.
   See Illust. in Appendix.

   3.  (Antiq.)  A  breastplate,  cuirass,  or  corselet; especially, the
   breastplate worn by the ancient Greeks.


   Tho"ri*a  (?),  n.  [NL.  See  Thorite.]  (Chem.)  A rare white earthy
   substance, consisting of the oxide of thorium; -- formerly called also


   Thor"ic  (?),  a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to thorium; designating the
   compounds of thorium.


   Tho"rite  (?),  n.  [So  called by Berzelius from the Scandinavian god
   Thor. See Thor.] (Min.) A mineral of a brown to black color, or, as in
   the  variety  orangite, orange-yellow. It is essentially a silicate of


   Tho"ri*um  (?), n. [NL. See Thorite.] (Chem.) A metallic element found
   in  certain rare minerals, as thorite, pyrochlore, monazite, etc., and
   isolated  as  an infusible gray metallic powder which burns in the air
   and  forms thoria; -- formerly called also thorinum. Symbol Th. Atomic
   weight 232.0.


   Thorn  (?),  n.  [AS.  ■orn; akin to OS. & OFries. thorn, D. doorn, G.
   dorn,  Dan. torn, Sw. t\'94rne, Icel. ■orn, Goth. ■a\'a3rnus; cf. Pol.
   tarn, Russ. tern' the blackthorn, ternie thorns, Skr. t&rsdot;&nsdot;a
   grass, blade of grass. \'fb53.]

   1.  A  hard and sharp-pointed projection from a woody stem; usually, a
   branch so transformed; a spine.

   2.  (Bot.) Any shrub or small tree which bears thorns; especially, any
   species  of  the  genus  Crat\'91gus,  as  the  hawthorn,  whitethorn,
   cockspur thorn.

   3. Fig.: That which pricks or annoys as a thorn; anything troublesome;
   trouble; care.

     There  was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan
     to buffet me. 2 Cor. xii. 7.

     The  guilt  of  empire,  all  its  thorns  and cares, Be only mine.

   4. The name of the Anglo-Saxon letter th
   ,  as  in  thin,  then. So called because it was the initial letter of
   thorn,  a  spine.  Thorn  apple (Bot.), Jamestown weed. -- Thorn broom
   (Bot.),  a  shrub  that  produces  thorns.  -- Thorn hedge, a hedge of
   thorn-bearing  trees or bushes. -- Thorn devil. (Zo\'94l.) See Moloch,
   2. -- Thorn hopper (Zo\'94l.), a tree hopper (Thelia crat\'91gi) which
   lives on the thorn bush, apple tree, and allied trees.


   Thorn, v. t. To prick, as with a thorn. [Poetic]

     I  am  the  only  rose  of  all  the  stock That never thorn'd him.


   Thorn"back` (?), n.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.) A European skate (Raia clavata) having thornlike spines
   on its back.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  large  European  spider  crab  or king crab (Maia


   Thorn"bill`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species of small,
   brilliantly  colored  American  birds of the genus Rhamphomicron. They
   have  a  long,  slender, sharp bill, and feed upon honey, insects, and
   the juice of the sugar cane.

   Page 1501


   Thorn"bird`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A small South American bird (Anumbius
   anumbii)  allied to the ovenbirds of the genus Furnarius). It builds a
   very large and complex nest of twigs and thorns in a bush or tree.


   Thorn"but  (?),  n.  [Thorn  +  -but  as in halibut; cf. G. dornbutt.]
   (Zo\'94l.) The turbot.


   Thorn"-head`ed  (?),  a.  Having  a  head armed with thorns or spines.
   Thorn-headed worm (Zo\'94l.), any worm of the order Acanthocephala; --
   called also thornhead.


   Thorn"less, a. Destitute of, or free from, thorns.


   Thorn"set` (?), a. Set with thorns. Dyer.


   Thorn"tail` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A beautiful South American humming bird
   (Gouldia  Popelairii),  having  the  six  outer  tail  feathers  long,
   slender,  and  pointed.  The  head  is ornamented with a long, pointed


   Thorn"y  (?),  a.  [Compar. Thornier (?); superl. Thorniest.] [Cf. AS.

   1.  Full  of  thorns or spines; rough with thorns; spiny; as, a thorny
   wood; a thorny tree; a thorny crown.

   2.   Like   a  thorn  or  thorns;  hence,  figuratively,  troublesome;
   vexatious; harassing; perplexing. "The thorny point of bare distress."

     The steep and thorny way to heaven. Shak.

   Thorny  rest-harrow  (Bot.), rest-harrow. -- Thorny trefoil, a prickly
   plant of the genus Fagonia (F. Cretica, etc.).


   Thor"o (?), a. Thorough. [Reformed spelling.]


   Thor"ough (?), prep. [See Through.] Through. [Obs.] Spenser. Shak.


   Thor"ough, a.

   1. Passing through; as, thorough lights in a house. [Obs.]

   2.  Passing  through  or  to  the end; hence, complete; perfect; as, a
   thorough reformation; thorough work; a thorough translator; a thorough


   Thor"ough, adv.

   1. Thoroughly. [Obs. or Colloq.] Chaucer.

   2. Through. [Obs.] Shak.


   Thor"ough,  n.  A  furrow between two ridges, to drain off the surface
   water. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

                                 Thorough bass

   Thor"ough  bass`  (?).  (Mus.) The representation of chords by figures
   placed under the base; figured bass; basso continuo; -- sometimes used
   as synonymous with harmony.


   Thor"ough-brace`  (?),  n.  A  leather  strap supporting the body of a
   carriage, and attached to springs, or serving as a spring. See Illust.
   of Chaise.


   Thor"ough*bred`  (?), a. Bred from the best blood through a long line;
   pure-blooded;   --  said  of  stock,  as  horses.  Hence,  having  the
   characteristics  of  such breeding; mettlesome; courageous; of elegant
   form, or the like. -- n. A thoroughbred animal, especially a horse.


   Thor"ough*fare` (?), n. [AS. ■urhfaru.]

   1. A passage through; a passage from one street or opening to another;
   an  unobstructed  way  open  to  the  public;  a public road; hence, a
   frequented street.

     A large and splendid thoroughfare. Motley.

   2. A passing or going through; passage. [R.]

     [Made]  Hell  and  this  world  -- one realm, one continent Of easy
     thoroughfare. Milton.


   Thor"ough*go`ing (?), a.

   1. Going through, or to the end or bottom; very thorough; complete.

   2.  Going all lengths; extreme; thoroughplaced; -- less common in this


   Thor"ough-light`ed  (?),  a.  (Arch.) Provided with thorough lights or
   windows at opposite sides, as a room or building. Gwilt.


   Thor"ough*ly, adv. In a thorough manner; fully; entirely; completely.


   Thor"ough*ness,   n.   The   quality   or  state  of  being  thorough;


   Thor"ough*paced`  (?),  a.  Perfect  in  what is undertaken; complete;
   going all lengths; as, a thoroughplaced Tory or Whig.

     If she be a thoroughplaced impostor. Sir W. Scott.


   Thor"ough*pin`  (?), n. (Far.) A disease of the hock (sometimes of the
   knee)  of a horse, caused by inflammation of the synovial membrane and
   a consequent excessive secretion of the synovial fluid; -- probably so
   called  because  there is usually an oval swelling on each side of the
   leg, appearing somewhat as if a pin had been thrust through.


   Thor"ough*sped`  (?),  a.  Fully  accomplished;  thoroughplaced.  [R.]


   Thor"ough*stitch`  (?),  adv.  So  as  to  go  the whole length of any
   business; fully; completely. [Obs.]

     Preservance alone can carry us thoroughstitch. L'Estrange.


   Thor"ough*wax`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) (a) An umbelliferous plant (Bupleurum
   rotundifolium) with perfoliate leaves. (b) Thoroughwort.


   Thor"ough*wort` (?), n. Same as Boneset.


   Thor"ow (?), prep. Through. [Obs.] "Thorow bramble, pits, and floods."
   Beau. & Fl.


   Thor"ow, a. Thorough. [Obs.] Hakluyt.

                                 Thorp, Thorpe

   Thorp, Thorpe (th(░)rp), n. [AS. ■orp; akin to OS. & OFries. thorp, D.
   dorp,  G.  dorf,  Icel.  ■orp, Dan. torp, Sw. torp a cottage, a little
   farm,  Goth. ■a\'a3rp a field, and probably to Lith. troba a building,
   a house, W. tref a hamlet, Ir. treabh a farmed village, a tribe, clan,
   Gael.  treabhair  houses,  and  perhaps to L. turba a crowd, mult. Cf.
   Dorp.]  A group of houses in the country; a small village; a hamlet; a
   dorp;  --  now  chiefly  occurring in names of places and persons; as,
   Althorp, Mablethorpe. "Within a little thorp I staid." Fairfax.

     Then thorpe and byre arose in fire. Tennyson.


   Those  (?),  pron. [OE. ■os, ■as, AS. &edh;\'bes, nom. and acc. pl. of
   &edh;\'c7s  this.  See  This,  and cf. These.] The plural of that. See


   Thoth (?), n.

   1.  (Myth.)  The  god  of  eloquence  and  letters  among  the ancient
   Egyptians,  and supposed to be the inventor of writing and philosophy.
   He  corresponded  to  the  Mercury  of  the  Romans,  and  was usually
   represented as a human figure with the head of an ibis or a lamb.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The Egyptian sacred baboon.


   Thou (?), pron. [Sing.: nom. Thou; poss. Thy (?) or Thine (; obj. Thee
   (?). Pl.: nom. You (; poss. Your (?) or Yours (; obj. You.] [OE. thou,
   ■u, AS. &edh;&umac;, &edh;u; akin to OS. & OFries. thu, G., Dan. & Sw.
   du,  Icel. ■&umac;, Goth. ■u, Russ. tui, Ir. & Gael. tu, W. ti, L. tu,
   Gr.  sy`, Dor. ty`, Skr. tvam. \'fb185. Cf. Thee, Thine, Te Deum.] The
   second  personal  pronoun, in the singular number, denoting the person
   addressed; thyself; the pronoun which is used in addressing persons in
   the solemn or poetical style.

     Art thou he that should come? Matt. xi. 3.

     NOTE: &hand; "I n Old English, generally, thou is the language of a
     lord  to  a  servant,  of  an equal to an equal, and expresses also
     companionship,  love,  permission,  defiance,  scorn,  threatening:
     whilst  ye  is  the  language  of  a  servant  to  a  lord,  and of
     compliment, and further expresses honor, submission, or entreaty."


     NOTE: &hand; Thou is now sometimes used by the Friends, or Quakers,
     in  familiar  discourse,  though  most  of  them corruptly say thee
     instead of thou.


   Thou,  v.  t. To address as thou, esp. to do so in order to treat with
   insolent familiarity or contempt.

     If thou thouest him some thrice, it shall not be amiss. Shak.


   Thou,  v.  i.  To  use  the words thou and thee in discourse after the
   manner of the Friends. [R.]


   Though   (&th;&omac;),   conj.   [OE.  thogh,  ■ah,  AS.  &edh;e\'a0h,
   &edh;&aemac;h, &edh;\'c7h; akin to OS. th\'d3h, OFries. thach, D. & G.
   doch   but,   yet,   OHG.  doh  but,  yet  though,  Icel.  ■\'d3  yet,
   nevertheless,  Sw.  dock,  Dan.  dog, Goth. ■\'a0uh, ■\'a0u, than, or,
   yet;  of uncertain origin. \'fb184.] Granting, admitting, or supposing
   that; notwithstanding that; if.

     Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him. Job xiii. 15.

     Not that I so affirm, though so it seem. Milton.

     NOTE: &hand; It is compounded with all in although. See Although.

   As though, as if.

     In  the  vine  were three branches; and it was as though it budded.
     Gen. xl. 10.


   Though,  adv.  However;  nevertheless;  notwithstanding;  --  used  in
   familiar language, and in the middle or at the end of a sentence.

     I would not be as sick though for his place. Shak.

     A good cause would do well, though. Dryden.


   Thought (?), imp. & p. p. of Think.


   Thought,  n. [OE. ■oght, ■ouht, AS. ■\'d3ht, ge■\'d3ht, fr. ■encean to
   think;  akin  to  D.  gedachte thought, MHG. d\'beht, ged\'beht, Icel.
   ■\'d3ttr, ■\'d3tti. See Think.]

   1.  The act of thinking; the exercise of the mind in any of its higher
   forms; reflection; cogitation.

     Thought  can  not  be  superadded  to matter, so as in any sense to
     render it true that matter can become cogitative. Dr. T. Dwight.

   2. Meditation; serious consideration.

     Pride,  of  all others the most dangerous fault, Proceeds from want
     of sense or want of thought. Roscommon.

   3.  That  which  is  thought; an idea; a mental conception, whether an
   opinion, judgment, fancy, purpose, or intention.

     Thus Bethel spoke, who always speaks his thought. Pope.

     Why  do  you  keep  alone,  . . . Using those thoughts which should
     indeed have died With them they think on? Shak.

     Thoughts  come crowding in so fast upon me, that my only difficulty
     is to choose or to reject. Dryden.

     All their thoughts are against me for evil. Ps. lvi. 5.

   4. Solicitude; anxious care; concern.

     Hawis  was put in trouble, and died with thought and anguish before
     his business came to an end. Bacon.

     Take  no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall
     drink. Matt. vi. 25.

   5.  A  small  degree  or  quantity;  a trifle; as, a thought longer; a
   thought better. [Colloq.]

     If the hair were a thought browner. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ought, in philosophical usage now somewhat current,
     denotes  the  capacity  for,  or  the exercise of, the very highest
     intellectual functions, especially those usually comprehended under

     This  [faculty],  to  which  I  gave  the  name of the "elaborative
     faculty," -- the faculty of relations or comparison, -- constitutes
     what is properly denominated thought. Sir W. Hamilton.

   Syn.   --  Idea;  conception;  imagination;  fancy;  conceit;  notion;
   supposition;  reflection;  consideration;  meditation;  contemplation;
   cogitation; deliberation.


   Thought"ful (?), a.

   1.  Full  of thought; employed in meditation; contemplative; as, a man
   of thoughtful mind.

     War, horrid war, your thoughtful walks invades. Pope.

   2.  Attentive;  careful;  exercising  the  judgment;  having  the mind
   directed  to  an object; as, thoughtful of gain; thoughtful in seeking
   truth. Glanvill.

   3. Anxious; solicitous; concerned.

     Around  her  crowd  distrust,  and  doubt, and fear, And thoughtful
     foresight, and tormenting care. Prior.

   Syn.  --  Considerate;  deliberate; contemplative; attentive; careful;
   wary;  circumspect;  reflective; discreet. -- Thoughtful, Considerate.
   He  who  is habitually thoughtful rarely neglects his duty or his true
   interest;  he  who  is considerate pauses to reflect and guard himself
   against  error. One who is not thoughtful by nature, if he can be made
   considerate, will usually be guarded against serious mistakes. "He who
   is  thoughtful does not forget his duty; he who is considerate pauses,
   and  considers  properly what is his duty. It is a recommendation to a
   subordinate person to be thoughtful in doing what is wished of him; it
   is  the  recommendation of a confidential person to be considerate, as
   he has often Crabb. -- Thought"ful*ly, adv. -- hought"ful*ness, n.


   Thought"less, adv.

   1.  Lacking  thought; careless; inconsiderate; rash; as, a thoughtless
   person, or act.

   2. Giddy; gay; dissipated. [R.] Johnson.

   3. Deficient in reasoning power; stupid; dull.

     Thoughtless as monarch oaks that shade the plain. Dryden.

   -- Thought"less*ly, adv. -- Thought"less*ness, n.


   Thou"sand  (?),  n. [OE. ■ousend, ■usend, AS. ■&umac;send; akin to OS.
   th&umac;sundig, th&umac;sind, OFries. thusend, D. duizend, G. tausend,
   OHG.  t,  d,  Icel. ■&umac;sund, ■&umac;shund, Sw. tusen, Dan. tusind,
   Goth.  ■&umac;sundi,  Lith.  tukstantis, Russ. tuisiacha; of uncertain

   1.  The  number  of ten hundred; a collection or sum consisting of ten
   times one hundred units or objects.

   2. Hence, indefinitely, a great number.

     A  thousand  shall  fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right
     hand. Ps. xci. 7.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e wo rd thousand often takes a plural form. See the
     Note under Hundred.

   3. A symbol representing one thousand units; as, 1,000, M or CI.


   Thou"sand, a.

   1. Consisting of ten hundred; being ten times one hundred.

   2. Hence, consisting of a great number indefinitely. "Perplexed with a
   thousand cares." Shak.


   Thou"sand*fold` (?), a. Multiplied by a thousand.

                                 Thousand legs

   Thou"sand  legs`  (?). (Zo\'94l.) A millepid, or galleyworm; -- called
   also thousand-legged worm.


   Thou"sandth (?), a.

   1.  Next  in order after nine hundred and ninty-nine; coming last of a
   thousand  successive individuals or units; -- the ordinal of thousand;
   as, the thousandth part of a thing.

   2.  Constituting,  or  being one of, a thousand equal parts into which
   anything is divided; the tenth of a hundredth.

   3. Occurring as being one of, or the last one of, a very great number;
   very  small; minute; -- used hyperbolically; as, to do a thing for the
   thousandth time.


   Thou"sandth, n. The quotient of a unit divided by a thousand; one of a
   thousand equal parts into which a unit is divided.

                                 Thowel, Thowl

   Thow"el (?), Thowl (?), n. [See Thole.] (Naut.) (a) A thole pin. (b) A

     I  would  sit  impatiently  thinking with what an unusual amount of
     noise the oars worked in the thowels. Dickens.


   Thra"cian  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to Thrace, or its people. -- n. A
   native or inhabitant of Thrace.


   Thrack  (?),  v.  t.  To  load  or  burden;  as,  to thrack a man with
   property. [Obs.] South.


   Thrack"scat (?), n. Metal still in the mine. [Obs.]


   Thral"dom  (?),  n. [Icel. . See Thrall, and -dom.] The condition of a
   thrall;   slavery;   bondage;   state   of  servitude.  [Written  also

     Women  are  born  to  thraldom  and  penance  And to be under man's
     governance. Chaucer.

     He shall rule, and she in thraldom live. Dryden.


   Thrall (?), n. [OE. thral, , Icel. , perhaps through AS. ; akin to Sw.
   tr\'84l, Dan. tr\'91l, and probably to AS. to run, Goth. , Gr. dregil,
   drigil, a servant.]

   1. A slave; a bondman. Chaucer.

     Gurth, the born thrall of Cedric. Sir W. Scott.

   2. Slavery; bondage; servitude; thraldom. Tennyson.

     He still in thrall Of all-subdoing sleep. Chapman.

   3. A shelf; a stand for barrels, etc. [Prov. Eng.]


   Thrall, a. Of or pertaining to a thrall; in the condition of a thrall;
   bond; enslaved. [Obs.] Spenser.

     The fiend that would make you thrall and bond. Chaucer.


   Thrall, v. t. To enslave. [Obs. or Poetic] Spenser.


   Thrall"dom (?), n. Thraldom.


   Thrall"-less,  a. (a) Having no thralls. (b) Not enslaved; not subject
   to bonds.


   Thrall"-like` (?), a. Resembling a thrall, or his condition, feelings,
   or the like; slavish.

     Servile and thrall-like fear. Milton.


   Thra"nite  (?),  n. [Gr. (Gr. Antiq.) One of the rowers on the topmost
   of the three benches in a trireme.


   Thrap"ple  (?),  n. [Also thropple, corrupted fr. throttle.] Windpipe;
   throttle. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

                                Thrash, Thresh

   Thrash (?), Thresh (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Thrashed (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Thrashing.]  [OE.  ,  ,  to beat, AS. , ; akin to D. dorschen, OD.
   derschen,  G.  dreschen,  OHG.  dreskan,  Icel.  , Sw. tr\'94ska, Dan.
   t\'91rske, Goth. , Lith. traszketi to rattle, Russ. treskate to burst,
   crackle,  tresk'  a  crash,  OSlav.  troska  a stroke of lighting. Cf.

   1.  To  beat  out  grain from, as straw or husks; to beat the straw or
   husk  of  (grain)  with a flail; to beat off, as the kernels of grain;
   as, to thrash wheat, rye, or oats; to thrash over the old straw.

     The  wheat  was  reaped,  thrashed,  and  winnowed  by machines. H.

   2. To beat soundly, as with a stick or whip; to drub.

                                Thrash, Thresh

   Thrash, Thresh, v. t.

   1. To practice thrashing grain or the like; to perform the business of
   beating grain from straw; as, a man who thrashes well.

   2. Hence, to labor; to toil; also, to move violently.

     I rather would be M\'91vius, thrash for rhymes, Like his, the scorn
     and scandal of the times. Dryden.


   Thrash"el  (?),  n.  An  instrument  to thrash with; a flail. [Obs. or
   Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

                              Thrasher, Thresher

   Thrash"er (?), Thresh"er (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, thrashes grain; a thrashing machine.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A large and voracious shark (Alopias vulpes), remarkable
   for  the  great  length  of  the upper lobe of its tail, with which it
   beats,  or  thrashes, its prey. It is found both upon the American and
   the European coasts. Called also fox shark, sea ape, sea fox, slasher,
   swingle-tail, and thrasher shark.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  name  given  to  the  brown thrush and other allied
   species. See Brown thrush.
   Sage   thrasher.   (Zo\'94l.)   See  under  Sage.  --  Thrasher  whale
   (Zo\'94l.), the common killer of the Atlantic.

   Page 1502


   Thrash"ing   (?),   a.   &   n.   from  Thrash,  v.  Thrashing  floor,
   Threshing-floor, OR Threshing floor, a floor or area on which grain is
   beaten  out. -- Thrashing machine, a machine for separating grain from
   the straw.


   Thra*son"ic*al  (?), a. [From Thrso, the name of a braggart soldier in
   Terence's  "Eunuch:" cf. L. Thrasonianus.] Of or pertaining to Thraso;
   like,  or  becoming  to,  Thraso; bragging; boastful; vainglorious. --
   Thra*son"ic*al*ly, adv.

     C\'91sar's thrasonical brag of 'I came, saw, and overcame.' Shak.


   Thraste  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. Thraste; p. p. Thrast.] To thrust. [Obs.]


   Thrave  (?),  n.  [OE.  ,  ,  Icel. ; akin to Dan. trave; cf. Icel. to

   1.  Twenty-four (in some places, twelve) sheaves of wheat; a shock, or
   stook. [Prov. Eng.]

   2.  The  number  of  two dozen; also, an indefinite number; a bunch; a
   company; a throng. "The worst of a thrave." [Obs.] Landsdowne MS.

     He sends forth thraves of ballads to the sale. Bp. Hall.


   Thraw (?), n. & v. See Throse. [Scot.] Burns.


   Thread  (?),  n. [OE. threed, , AS. ; akin to D. draad, G. draht wire,
   thread, OHG. dr\'bet, Icel. a thread, Sw. tr\'86d, Dan. traad, and AS.
   to twist. See Throw, and cf. Third.]

   1.  A  very  small twist of flax, wool, cotton, silk, or other fibrous
   substance,   drawn   out  to  considerable  length;  a  compound  cord
   consisting  of  two  or more single yarns doubled, or joined together,
   and twisted.

   2.  A  filament,  as  of  a flower, or of any fibrous substance, as of
   bark; also, a line of gold or silver.

   3.  The  prominent  part of the spiral of a screw or nut; the rib. See
   Screw, n., 1.

   4. Fig.: Something continued in a long course or tenor; a,s the thread
   of life, or of a discourse. Bp. Burnet.

   5. Fig.: Composition; quality; fineness. [Obs.]

     A neat courtier, Of a most elegant thread. B. Jonson.

   Air  thread,  the  fine white filaments which are seen floating in the
   air  in  summer,  the  production  of spiders; gossamer. -- Thread and
   thrum,  the  good  and  bad  together.  [Obs.]  Shak.  --  Thread cell
   (Zo\'94l.),   a  lasso  cell.  See  under  Lasso.  --  Thread  herring
   (Zo\'94l.),  the gizzard shad. See under Gizzard. -- Thread lace, lace
   made of linen thread. -- Thread needle, a game in which children stand
   in a row, joining hands, and in which the outer one, still holding his
   neighbor, runs between the others; -- called also thread the needle.


   Thread, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Threaded; p. pr. & vb. n. Threading.]

   1. To pass a thread through the eye of; as, to thread a needle.

   2. To pass or pierce through as a narrow way; also, to effect or make,
   as one's way, through or between obstacles; to thrid.

     Heavy trading ships . . . threading the Bosphorus. Mitford.

     They would not thread the gates. Shak.

   3. To form a thread, or spiral rib, on or in; as, to thread a screw or


   Thread"bare` (?), a.

   1.  Worn  to  the  naked  thread;  having the nap worn off; threadbare
   clothes. "A threadbare cope." Chaucer.

   2.  Fig.:  Worn  out;  as,  a  threadbare  subject;  stale  topics and
   threadbare quotations. Swift.


   Thread"bare`ness, n. The state of being threadbare.


   Thread"en  (?),  a.  Made  of  thread;  as, threaden sails; a threaden
   fillet. [Obs.] Shak.


   Thread"er (?), n.

   1. A device for assisting in threading a needle.

   2. A tool or machine for forming a thread on a screw or in a nut.


   Thread"fin`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species of fishes
   belonging  to  Polynemus  and  allied  genera. They have numerous long
   pectoral filaments.


   Thread"fish`  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The cutlass fish. (b) A carangoid
   fish  (Caranx  gallus, or C. crinitus) having the anterior rays of the
   soft dorsal and anal fins prolonged in the form of long threads.


   Thread"i*ness (?), n. Quality of being thready.


   Thread"-shaped` (?), a. Having the form of a thread; filiform.


   Thread"worm`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  long,  slender nematode worm,
   especially the pinworm and filaria.


   Thread"y (?), a.

   1.  Like  thread  or  filaments;  slender;  as, the thready roots of a

   2. Containing, or consisting of, thread.


   Threap  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Threaped  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Threaping.] [AS. to reprove.] [Written also threpe, and threip.]

   1. To call; to name. [Obs.]

   2.  To  maintain obstinately against denial or contradiction; also, to
   contend  or  argue  against (another) with obstinacy; to chide; as, he
   threaped me down that it was so. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Burns.

   3. To beat, or thrash. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

   4. To cozen, or cheat. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Threap,  v. i. To contend obstinately; to be pertinacious. [Prov. Eng.
   & Scot.]

     It's not for a man with a woman to threap. Percy's Reliques.


   Threap  (?), n. An obstinate decision or determination; a pertinacious
   affirmation. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

     He  was  taken  a  threap that he would have it finished before the
     year was done. Carlyle.


   Threat  (?),  n.  [AS.  ,  akin  to  \'be to vex, G. verdriessen, OHG.
   irdriozan,  Icel.  to  fail,  want, lack, Goth. us to vex, to trouble,
   Russ. trudite to impose a task, irritate, vex, L. trudere to push. Cf.
   Abstruse, Intrude, Obstrude, Protrude.] The expression of an intention
   to  inflict  evil  or  injury  on another; the declaration of an evil,
   loss, or pain to come; meance; threatening; denunciation.

     There is no terror, Cassius, in your threats. Shak.


   Threat,  v. t. & i. [OE. , AS. . See Threat, n.] To threaten. [Obs. or
   Poetic] Shak.

     Of all his threating reck not a mite. Chaucer.

     Our dreaded admiral from far they threat. Dryden.


   Threat"en  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Threatened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Threatening.] [OE. . See Threat, v. t.]

   1.  To utter threats against; to menace; to inspire with apprehension;
   to  alarm,  or attempt to alarm, as with the promise of something evil
   or disagreeable; to warn.

     Let us straitly threaten them, that they speak henceforth to no man
     in this name. Acts iv. 17.

   2.  To  exhibit  the  appearance  of (something evil or unpleasant) as
   approaching;  to  indicate  as  impending; to announce the conditional
   infliction of; as, to threaten war; to threaten death. Milton.

     The skies look grimly And threaten present blusters. Shak.

   Syn.  --  To menace. -- Threaten, Menace. Threaten is Anglo-Saxon, and
   menace  is  Latin.  As  often happens, the former is the more familiar
   term;  the  latter is more employed in formal style. We are threatened
   with a drought; the country is menaced with war.

     By turns put on the suppliant and the lord: Threatened this moment,
     and the next implored. Prior.

     Of  the  sharp  ax  Regardless,  that  o'er  his devoted head Hangs
     menacing. Somerville.


   Threat"en,  v.  i.  To  use  threats,  or  menaces;  also,  to  have a
   threatening appearance.

     Though the seas threaten, they are merciful. Shak.


   Threat"en*er (?), n. One who threatens. Shak.


   Threat"en*ing,  a.  &  n.  from Threaten, v. -- Threat"en*ing*ly, adv.
   Threatening  letters  (Law),  letters  containing  threats, especially
   those  designed  to  extort  money,  or  to  obtain other property, by
   menaces; blackmailing letters.


   Threat"ful  (?),  a.  Full  of  threats; having a menacing appearance.
   Spenser. -- Threat"ful*ly, adv.


   Threave (?), n. Same as Thrave. [Obs.]


   Three  (?),  a.  [OE. ■re, ■reo, ■ri, AS. ■r\'c6, masc., ■re\'a2, fem.
   and  neut.;  akin to OFries. thre, OS. thria, threa, D. drie, G. drei,
   OHG.  dr\'c6,  Icel. ■r\'c6r, Dan. & Sw. tre, Goth. ■reis, Lith. trys,
   Ir.,  Gael.  &  W.  tri,  Russ.  tri,  L.  tres, Gr. trei^s, Skr. tri.
   \'fb301.  Cf.  3d Drilling, Tern, a., Third, Thirteen, Thirty, Tierce,
   Trey,  Tri-,  Triad, Trinity, Tripod.] One more than two; two and one.
   "I offer thee three things." 2 Sam. xxiv. 12.

     Three solemn aisles approach the shrine. Keble.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ree is  of ten jo ined wi th ot her wo rds, forming
     compounds  signifying  divided  into,  composed  of, or containing,
     three  parts,  portions,  organs,  or the like; as, three-branched,
     three-capsuled, three-celled, three-cleft, three-edged, three-foot,
     three-footed,     three-forked,     three-grained,    three-headed,
     three-legged,     three-mouthed,    three-nooked,    three-petaled,
     three-pronged,    three-ribbed,    three-seeded,    three-stringed,
     three-toed, and the like.


   Three, n.

   1. The number greater by a unit than two; three units or objects.

   2. A symbol representing three units, as 3 or iii.
   Rule of three. (Arith.) See under Rule, n.


   Three"-coat`  (?),  a. (Arch.) Having or consisting of three coats; --
   applied  to  plastering which consists of pricking-up, floating, and a
   finishing  coat;  or,  as called in the United States, a scratch coat,
   browning, and finishing coat.


   Three"-cor`nered (?), a.

   1. Having three corners, or angles; as, a three-cornered hat.

   2.   (Bot.)   Having   three  prominent  longitudinal  angles;  as,  a
   three-cornered stem.


   Three"-deck`er  (?), n. (Naut.) A vessel of war carrying guns on three


   Three"-flow`ered  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Bearing three flowers together, or
   only three flowers.


   Three"fold` (?), a. [OE. ■reofald; cf. AS. ■r\'c6feald.] Consisting of
   three, or thrice repeated; triple; as, threefold justice.

     A threefold cord is not quickly broken. Eccl. iv. 12.


   Three"-hand`ed  (?),  a. Said of games or contests where three persons
   play  against  each other, or two against one; as, a three-handed game
   of cards.

                          Three-leafed, Three-leaved

   Three"-leafed`  (?), Three"-leaved` (?), a. (Bot.) (a) Producing three
   leaves;  as, three-leaved nightshade. (b) Consisting of three distinct
   leaflets;   having  the  leaflets  arranged  in  threes.  Three-leaved
   nightshade. See Trillium.


   Three"-lobed`  (?),  a. Having three lobes. Three-lobed leaf (Bot.), a
   leaf  divided  into  three  parts, the sinuses extending not more than
   half  way  to  the  middle,  and either the parts of the sinuses being


   Three"-nerved`  (?), a. Having three nerves. Three-nerved leaf (Bot.),
   a  leaf having three distinct and prominent ribs, or nerves, extending
   from the base.


   Three"-part`ed  (?),  a.  Divided into, or consisting of, three parts;
   tripartite.  Three-parted leaf (Bot.), a leaf divided into three parts
   down to the base, but not entirely separate.


   Three"pence  (?), n. A small silver coin of three times the value of a
   penny. [Eng.]


   Three"pen*ny  (?),  a.  Costing or worth three pence; hence, worth but
   little; poor; mean.


   Three"-pile`  (?),  n. An old name for the finest and most costly kind
   of velvet, having a fine, thick pile.

     I have served Prince Florizel and in my time wore three-pile. Shak.


   Three"-piled` (?), a.

   1. Having the quality of three-pile; best; most costly. [R.]

     Thou art good velvet; thou 'rt three-piled piece. Shak.

   2.    Fig.:   Extravagant;   exaggerated;   high-flown.   "Three-piled
   hyperboles." Shak.

   3.  Accustomed  to wearing three-pile; hence, of high rank, or wealth.
   [Obs.] "Three-piled people." Beau. & Fl.


   Three"-ply`  (?),  a.  Consisting  of  three  distinct  webs inwrought
   together  in  weaving,  as  cloth  or carpeting; having three strands;


   Three"-point`ed  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Having  three  acute  or setigerous
   points; tricuspidate.


   Three"-quar`ter   (?),   a.   (Paint.)   Measuring  thirty  inches  by
   twenty-five; -- said of portraitures. Three-quarter length, a portrait
   showing the figure to the hips only.


   Three"-score` (?), a. Thrice twenty; sixty.


   Three"-sid`ed  (?),  a.  Having  three  sides,  especially three plane
   sides;  as,  a  three-sided  stem,  leaf, petiole, peduncle, scape, or


   Three"-square`  (?),  a.  Having  a  cross  section  in the form of an
   equilateral triangle; -- said especially of a kind of file.


   Three"-valved` (?), a. Consisting of, or having, three valves; opening
   with three valves; as, a three-valved pericarp.


   Three"-way`  (?),  a.  Connected  with,  or  serving to connect, three
   channels or pipes; as, a three-way cock or valve.


   Threne  (?),  n.  [L.  threnus,  Gr.  Drone.] Lamentation; threnody; a
   dirge. Shak.

     The threns . . . of the prophet Jeremiah. Jer. Taylor.

                            Threnetic, Threnetical

   Thre*net"ic  (?), Thre*net"ic*al (?), a. [Gr. Threne.] Pertaining to a
   threne; sorrowful; mournful.


   Thren"ode (?), n. A threne, or threnody; a dirge; a funeral song.


   Thren"o*dist  (?),  n.  One  who  composes,  delivers,  or  utters,  a
   threnode, or threnody.


   Thren"o*dy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  Threne, and Ode.] A song of lamentation; a
   threnode. Sir T. Herbert.


   Threpe  (?), v. t. [See Threap.] To call; to term. [Obs.] "Luna silver
   we threpe." Chaucer.


   Threp*sol"o*gy  (?), n. [Gr. -logy.] (Med.) The doctrine of nutrition;
   a treatise on nutrition.


   Thresh  (?),  v.  t.  & i. [imp. & p. p. Threshed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Threshing.] Same as Thrash.

     He would thresh, and thereto dike and delve. Chaucer.


   Thresh"er (?), n. Same as Thrasher.


   Thresh"-fold` (?), n. Threshold. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Thresh"old   (?),   n.   [OE.  threswold,  ■reshwold,  AS.  ■rescwald,
   ■erscwald,  ■erscold,  ■rescold, fr. ■rescan, ■erscan, to thresh; akin
   to  Icel. ■reskj\'94de, ■r\'94skuldr, Sw. tr\'94skel, Dan. t\'91rskel.
   See Thrash.]

   1.  The  plank,  stone,  or  piece of timber, which lies under a door,
   especially  of  a  dwelling  house,  church,  temple, or the like; the
   doorsill; hence, entrance; gate; door.

   2.  Fig.:  The  place  or  point  of  entering or beginning, entrance;
   outset; as, the threshold of life.


   Thresh"wold` (?), n. Threshold. [Obs.]


   Threste  (?),  v. t. [imp. Threste; p. p. & Threst.] To thrust. [Obs.]


   Thret"teen` (?), a. Thirteen. [Obs. or Scot.]


   Thret"ty (?), a. Thirty. [Obs. or Scot.] Burns.


   Threw (?), imp. of Throw.


   Thrib"ble  (?),  a. Triple; treble; threefold. [Prov. Eng. or Colloq.]


   Thrice (?), adv. [OE. thries; thrie thrice (AS. , ) + -s, the adverbal
   suffix. See Three, and -wards.]

   1. Three times. "Thrice in vain." Spenser.

     Verily I say unto thee. That this night, before the cock crow, thou
     shalt deny me thrice. Matt. xxvi. 34.

   2. In a threefold manner or degree; repeatedly; very.

     Thrice noble lord, let me entreat of you To pardon me. Shak.

     Thrice is he armed that hath his quarrel just. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Th rice is  of ten us ed, ge nerally with an intensive
     force,  to form compounds which are usually of obvious meaning; as,
     in  thrice-blessed,  thrice-favored, thrice-hallowed, thrice-happy,
     thrice-told, and the like.


   Thrice"cock` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The missel thrush. [Prov. Eng.]


   Thrid (?), a. Third. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Thrid,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Thridded; p. pr. & vb. n. Thridding.] [A
   variant of thread.]

   1.  To  pass through in the manner of a thread or a needle; to make or
   find a course through; to thread.

     Some thrid the mazy ringlets of her hair. Pope.

     And now he thrids the bramble bush. J. R. Drake.

     I began To thrid the musky-circled mazes. Tennyson.

   2. To make or effect (a way or course) through something; as, to thrid
   one's way through a wood.


   Thrid, n. Thread; continuous line. [Archaic]

     I resume the thrid of my discourse. Dryden.


   Thri"fal`low (?), v. t. See Thryfallow, and Trifallow. [R.] Tusser.


   Thrift (?), n. [Icel. . See Thrive.]

   1.  A  thriving state; good husbandry; economical management in regard
   to property; frugality.

     The  rest,  .  .  .  willing  to  fall  to  thrift, prove very good
     husbands. Spenser.

   2.  Success  and  advance  in the acquisition of property; increase of
   worldly  goods;  gain;  prosperity.  "Your thrift is gone full clean."

     I have a mind presages me such thrift. Shak.

   3. Vigorous growth, as of a plant.

   4.  (Bot.)  One  of  several species of flowering plants of the genera
   Statice and Armeria.
   Common  thrift (Bot.), Armeria vulgaris; -- also called sea pink. Syn.
   -- Frugality; economy; prosperity; gain; profit.

   Page 1503


   Thrift"i*ty (?), adv.

   1. In a thrifty manner.

   2. Carefully; properly; becomingly. [Obs.]

     A  young  clerk  .  .  .  in  Latin  thriftily them gret [greeted].


   Thrift"i*ness, n. The quality or state of being thrifty; thrift.


   Thrift"less,  a.  Without  thrift;  not prudent or prosperous in money
   affairs. -- Thrift"less*ly, adv. -- Thrift"less*ness, n.


   Thrift"y (?), a. [Compar. Thriftier (?); superl. Thriftiest.]

   1.  Given  to,  or evincing, thrift; characterized by economy and good
   menegement of property; sparing; frugal.

     Her chaffer was so thrifty and so new. Chaucer.

     I  am  glad  he hath so much youth and vigor left, of which he hath
     not been thrifty. Swift.

   2.  Thriving  by industry and frugality; prosperous in the acquisition
   of  worldly  goods;  increasing  in  wealth;  as,  a thrifty farmer or

   3.  Growing  rapidly  or  vigorously; thriving; as, a thrifty plant or

   4. Secured by thrift; well husbanded. [R.]

     I  have  five  hundred  crowns, The thrifty hire I saved under your
     father. Shak.

   5.  Well  appearing;  looking  or  being  in good condition; becoming.

     I sit at home, I have no thrifty cloth. Chaucer.

   Syn. -- Frugal; sparing; economical; saving; careful.


   Thrill (?), n. [See Trill.] A warbling; a trill.


   Thrill,  n.  [AS. an aperture. See Thrill, v. t.] A breathing place or
   hole; a nostril, as of a bird.


   Thrill,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Thrilled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Thrilling.]
   [OE. thrillen, , , to pierce; all probably fr. AS. , , Fr. pierced; as
   a  noun, a hole, fr. through; probably akin to D. drillen to drill, to
   bore.  \'fb53.  See  Through, and cf. Drill to bore, Nostril, Trill to

   1.  To  perforate  by  a  pointed instrument; to bore; to transfix; to
   drill. [Obs.]

     He  pierced through his chafed chest With thrilling point of deadly
     iron brand. Spenser.

   2.  Hence,  to  affect,  as if by something that pierces or pricks; to
   cause   to   have  a  shivering,  throbbing,  tingling,  or  exquisite
   sensation; to pierce; to penetrate.

     To  bathe  in  flery  floods,  or  to reside In thrilling region of
     thick-ribbed ice. Shak.

     Vivid  and  picturesque  turns  of  expression  which thrill the M.

     The  cruel  word her tender heart so thrilled, That sudden cold did
     run through every vein. Spenser.

   3. To hurl; to throw; to cast. [Obs.]

     I'll thrill my javelin. Heywood.


   Thrill, v. i.

   1. To pierce, as something sharp; to penetrate; especially, to cause a
   tingling  sensation  that  runs  through  the  system  with  a  slight
   shivering; as, a sharp sound thrills through the whole frame.

     I have a faint cold fear thrills through my veins. Shak.

   2.  To  feel  a  sharp,  shivering,  tingling, or exquisite sensation,
   running through the body.

     To  seek  sweet safety out In vaults and prisons, and to thrill and
     shake. Shak.


   Thrill, n.

   1. A drill. See 3d Drill, 1.

   2.  A  sensation  as  of being thrilled; a tremulous excitement; as, a
   thrill of horror; a thrill of joy. Burns.


   Thrill"ant  (?),  a. Piercing; sharp; thrilling. [Obs.] "His thrillant
   spear." Spenser.


   Thrill"ing,  a. Causing a thrill; causing tremulous excitement; deeply
   moving;   as,   a   thrilling   romance.  --  Thrill"ing*ly,  adv.  --
   Thrill"ing*ness, n.


   Thring  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  [imp. Throng (?).] [AS. . See Throng.] To
   press, crowd, or throng. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Thrips  (?),  n.  [L.,  a woodworm, Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous
   small  species  of  Thysanoptera, especially those which attack useful
   plants, as the grain thrips (Thrips cerealium).

     NOTE: &hand; Th e te rm is  also popularly applied to various other
     small injurious insects.


   Thrist (?), n. Thrist. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Thrit"tene` (?), a. Thirteen. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Thrive  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  Throve (?) or Thrived (; p. p. Thrived or
   Thriven  (;  p.  pr.  &  vb.  n.  Thriving.]  [OE.  , Icel. ; probably
   originally,  to  grasp  for  one's  self,  from to grasp; akin to Dan.
   trives to thrive, Sw. trifvas. Cf. Thrift.]

   1. To posper by industry, economy, and good management of property; to
   increase in goods and estate; as, a farmer thrives by good husbandry.

     Diligence  and  humility  is the way to thrive in the riches of the
     understanding, as well as in gold. I. Watts.

   2.  To  prosper in any business; to have increase or success. "They by
   vices thrive." Sandys.

     O  son,  why sit we here, each other viewing Idly, while Satan, our
     great author, thrives? Milton.

     And so she throve and prospered. Tennyson.

   3.  To increase in bulk or stature; to grow vigorously or luxuriantly,
   as  a  plant;  to  flourish; as, young cattle thrive in rich pastures;
   trees thrive in a good soil.


   Thriv"en (?), p. p. of Thrive.


   Thriv"er (?), n. One who thrives, or prospers.


   Thriv"ing*ly, adv. In a thriving manner.


   Thriv"ing*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  condition  of  one who thrives;
   prosperity; growth; increase.


   Thro' (?). A contraction of Through.


   Throat  (?),  n. [OE. throte, AS. , ; akin to OHG. drozza, G. drossel;
   cf. OFries. & D. stort. Cf. Throttle.]

   1.  (Anat.)  (a)  The part of the neck in front of, or ventral to, the
   vertebral column. (b) Hence, the passage through it to the stomach and
   lungs; the pharynx; -- sometimes restricted to the fauces.

     I can vent clamor from my throat. Shak.

   2.  A  contracted  portion  of  a vessel, or of a passage way; as, the
   throat of a pitcher or vase.

   3.  (Arch.) The part of a chimney between the gathering, or portion of
   the funnel which contracts in ascending, and the flue. Gwilt.

   4.  (Naut.) (a) The upper fore corner of a boom-and-gaff sail, or of a
   staysail. (b) That end of a gaff which is next the mast. (c) The angle
   where the arm of an anchor is joined to the shank. Totten.

   5. (Shipbuilding) The inside of a timber knee.

   6. (Bot.) The orifice of a tubular organ; the outer end of the tube of
   a monopetalous corolla; the faux, or fauces.
   Throat  brails (Naut.), brails attached to the gaff close to the mast.
   --  Throat  halyards  (Naut.),  halyards  that raise the throat of the
   gaff. -- Throat pipe (Anat.), the windpipe, or trachea. -- To give one
   the lie in his throat, to accuse one pointedly of lying abominably. --
   To lie in one's throat, to lie flatly or abominably.


   Throat, v. t.

   1.  To  utter  in the throat; to mutter; as, to throat threats. [Obs.]

   2.  To  mow,  as  beans,  in a direction against their bending. [Prov.


   Throat"band` (?), n. Same as Throatlatch.


   Throat"boll`  (?),  n. [Throat + boll a ball.] The Adam's apple in the
   neck. [Obs. or R.]

     By the throatboll he caught Aleyn. Chaucer.


   Throat"ing, n. (Arch.) A drip, or drip molding.


   Throat"latch`  (?),  n.  A  strap  of  a  bridle, halter, or the like,
   passing under a horse's throat.


   Throat"wort`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) A plant (Campanula Trachelium) formerly
   considered  a  remedy  for  sore  throats because of its throat-shaped


   Throat"y  (?),  a.  Guttural;  hoarse; having a guttural voice. "Hard,
   throaty words." Howell.


   Throb  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Throbbed  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Throbbing.] [OE. ; of uncertain origin; cf. Russ. trepete a trembling,
   and  E.  trepidation.] To beat, or pulsate, with more than usual force
   or  rapidity;  to  beat  in consequence of agitation; to palpitate; --
   said of the heart, pulse, etc.

     My heart Throbs to know one thing. Shak.

     Here may his head lie on my throbbing breast. Shak.


   Throb, n. A beat, or strong pulsation, as of the heart and arteries; a
   violent beating; a papitation:

     The  IMPATIENT throbs and longings of a soul That pants and reaches
     after distant good. Addison.


   Throd"den  (?), v. i. [Prov. E. throdden, throddle, fat, thriving; cf.
   Icel. throask to grow.] To grow; to thrive. [Prov. Eng.] Grose.


   Throe  (?),  n.  [OE.  ,  ,  AS. a threatening, oppression, suffering,
   perhaps  influenced  by  Icel.  a throe, a pang, a longing; cf. AS. to

   1.  Extreme pain; violent pang; anguish; agony; especially, one of the
   pangs of travail in childbirth, or purturition.

     Prodogious motion felt, and rueful throes. Milton.

   2. A tool for splitting wood into shingles; a frow.


   Throe, v. i. To struggle in extreme pain; to be in agony; to agonize.


   Throe, v. t. To put in agony. [R.] Shak.


   Throm*bo"sis  (?),  n. [NL. See Thrombus.] (Med.) The obstruction of a
   blood  vessel  by  a  clot  formed  at  the  site  of  obstruction; --
   distinguished  from  embolism,  which is produced by a clot or foreign
   body brought from a distance. -- Throm*bot"ic (#), a.


   Throm"bus (?), n.; pl. Thrombi (#). [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) (a) A clot of
   blood  formed  of  a  passage of a vessel and remaining at the site of
   coagulation.  (b)  A  tumor  produced  by the escape of blood into the
   subcutaneous cellular tissue.


   Throne  (?), n. [OE. trone, F. tr\'93ne, L. thronus, Gr. dhara&nsdot;a
   supporting, dh&rsdot; to hold fast, carry, and E. firm, a.]

   1.  A chair of state, commonly a royal seat, but sometimes the seat of
   a prince, bishop, or other high dignitary.

     The noble king is set up in his throne. Chaucer.

     High on a throne of royal state. Milton.

   2.  Hence,  sovereign  power and dignity; also, the one who occupies a
   throne,  or  is  invested  with  sovereign  authority;  an  exalted or
   dignified personage.

     Only in the throne will I be greater than thou. Gen. xli. 40.

     To  mold  a  mighty  state's  decrees, And shape the whisper of the
     throne. Tennyson.

   3. pl. A high order of angels in the celestial hierarchy; -- a meaning
   given by the schoolmen. Milton.

     Great Sire! whom thrones celestial ceaseless sing. Young.


   Throne, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Throned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Throning.]

   1. To place on a royal seat; to enthrone. Shak.

   2.  To  place in an elevated position; to give sovereignty or dominion
   to; to exalt.

     True  image  of  the Father, whether throned In the bosom of bliss,
     and light of light. Milton.


   Throne  (?), v. i. To be in, or sit upon, a throne; to be placed as if
   upon a throne. Shak.


   Throne"less, a. Having no throne.


   Throng  (?),  n. [OE. ■rong, ■rang, AS. ge■rang, fr. ■ringan to crowd,
   to  press;  akin to OS. thringan, D. & G. dringen, OHG. dringan, Icel.
   ■ryngva,  ■r\'94ngva,  Goth.  ■riehan,  D. & G. drang a throng, press,
   Icel.  ■r\'94ng  a  throng, Lith. trenkti to jolt, tranksmas a tumult.
   Cf. Thring.]

   1. A multitude of persons or of living beings pressing or pressed into
   a close body or assemblage; a crowd.

   2.  A  great  multitude;  as,  the  heavenly  throng.  Syn. -- Throng,
   Multitude,  Crowd.  Any  great  number  of persons form a multitude; a
   throng  is  a  large  number of persons who are gathered or are moving
   together in a collective body; a crowd is composed of a large or small
   number  of persons who press together so as to bring their bodies into
   immediate  or inconvenient contact. A dispersed multitude; the throngs
   in  the  streets of a city; the crowd at a fair or a street fight. But
   these distinctions are not carefully observed.

     So,  with  this  bold  opposer  rushes on This many-headed monster,
     multitude. Daniel.

     Not  to  know  me  argues  yourselves  unknown,  The lowest of your
     throng. Milton.

     I  come from empty noise, and tasteless pomp, From crowds that hide
     a monarch from himself. Johnson.


   Throng,  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Thronged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Thronging.]
   To crowd together; to press together into a close body, as a multitude
   of persons; to gather or move in multitudes.

     I have seen the dumb men throng to see him. Shak.


   Throng, v. t.

   1. To crowd, or press, as persons; to oppress or annoy with a crowd of
   living beings.

     Much people followed him, and thronged him. Mark v. 24.

   2.  To  crowd into; to fill closely by crowding or pressing into, as a
   hall or a street. Shak.


   Throng,  a.  Thronged;  crowded;  also,  much occupied; busy. [Obs. or
   Prov. Eng.] Bp. Sanderson.

     To  the  intent  the sick . . . should not lie too throng. Robynson
     (More's Utopia).


   Throng"ly, adv. In throngs or crowds. [Obs.]


   Throp (?), n. A thorp. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Throp"ple  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Thrapple,  and see Throttle.] The windpipe.
   [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Throp"ple, v. t. To throttle. [Prov. Eng.]


   Thros"tle  (?),  n.  [OE.  throsel,  AS.  , ; akin to MHG. trostel, G.
   drossel,  Icel.  ,  Sw. trast, Lith. strazdas, L. turdus. \'fb238. Cf.
   Thrush the bird.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) The song thrush. See under Song.

   2.  A  machine  for  spinning  wool,  cotton,  etc.,  from  the  rove,
   consisting  of  a  set of drawing rollers with bobbins and flyers, and
   differing  from  the  mule in having the twisting apparatus stationary
   and  the processes continuous; -- so called because it makes a singing
   Throstle cock, the missel thrush. [Prov. Eng.]


   Thros"tling  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Throttle.]  A  disease  of bovine cattle,
   consisting  of  a  swelling  under  the throat, which, unless checked,
   causes strangulation.


   Throt"tle (?), n. [Dim. of throat. See Throat.]

   1. The windpipe, or trachea; the weasand. Sir W. Scott.

   2. (Steam Engine) The throttle valve.
   Throttle  lever  (Steam  Engine),  the  hand lever by which a throttle
   valve  is  moved, especially in a locomotive. -- Throttle valve (Steam
   Engine),  a  valve  moved  by hand or by a governor for regulating the
   supply  of steam to the steam chest. In one form it consists of a disk
   turning on a transverse axis.


   Throt"tle,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Throttled  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Throttling (?).]

   1. To compress the throat of; to choke; to strangle.

     Grant  him this, and the Parliament hath no more freedom than if it
     sat  in his noose, which, when he pleases to draw together with one
     twitch  of his negative, shall throttle a whole nation, to the wish
     of Caligula, in one neck. Milton.

   2.  To  utter  with breaks and interruption, in the manner of a person
   half suffocated. [R.]

     Throttle their practiced accent in their fears. Shak.

   3. To shut off, or reduce flow of, as steam to an engine.


   Throt"tle, v. i.

   1. To have the throat obstructed so as to be in danger of suffocation;
   to choke; to suffocate.

   2. To breathe hard, as when nearly suffocated.


   Throt"tler (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, throttles, or chokes.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) See Flasher, 3 (b). [Prov. Eng.]


   Through  (?), prep. [OE. thurgh, , , , AS. ; akin to OS. thurh, thuru,
   OFries.  thruch,  D. door, OHG. durh, duruh, G. durch, Goth. ; cf. Ir.
   tri, tre, W. trwy. \'fb53. Cf. Nostril, Thorough, Thrill.]

   1.  From  end  to end of, or from side to side of; from one surface or
   limit  of,  to  the  opposite;  into and out of at the opposite, or at
   another,  point;  as,  to bore through a piece of timber, or through a
   board; a ball passes through the side of a ship.

   2.  Between the sides or walls of; within; as, to pass through a door;
   to go through an avenue.

     Through  the  gate  of  ivory  he  dismissed His valiant offspring.

   3. By means of; by the agency of.

     Through  these  hands  this science has passed with great applause.
     Sir W. Temple.

     Material things are presented only through their senses. Cheyne.

   4.  Over  the  whole  surface  or  extent  of; as, to ride through the
   country; to look through an account.

   5.  Among  or  in  the midst of; -- used to denote passage; as, a fish
   swims through the water; the light glimmers through a thicket.

   6.  From the beginning to the end of; to the end or conclusion of; as,
   through life; through the year.


   Through, adv.

   1. From one end or side to the other; as, to pierce a thing through.

   2. From beginning to end; as, to read a letter through.

   3.  To the end; to a conclusion; to the ultimate purpose; as, to carry
   a project through.

     NOTE: &hand; Th rough was formerly used to form compound adjectives
     where  we  now  use  thorough;  as,  through-bred; through-lighted;
     through-placed, etc.

   To  drop  through,  to fall through; to come to naught; to fail. -- To
   fall through. See under Fall, v. i.

   Page 1504


   Through  (?),  a.  Going  or  extending  through; going, extending, or
   serving  from  the  beginning  to  the  end; thorough; complete; as, a
   through  line;  a  through ticket; a through train. Also, admitting of
   passage  through;  as,  a  through  bridge. Through bolt, a bolt which
   passes  through  all the thickness or layers of that which it fastens,
   or  in  which  it  is  fixed. -- Through bridge, a bridge in which the
   floor  is  supported by the lower chords of the tissues instead of the
   upper,  so  that  travel is between the trusses and not over them. Cf.
   Deck  bridge,  under Deck. -- Through cold, a deep-seated cold. [Obs.]
   Holland.  --  Through  stone, a flat gravestone. [Scot.] [Written also
   through  stane.]  Sir  W.  Scott.  -- Through ticket, a ticket for the
   whole  journey.  -- Through train, a train which goes the whole length
   of a railway, or of a long route.


   Through"ly, adv. Thoroughly. [Obs.] Bacon.

     Wash me throughly from mine iniquity. Ps. li. 2.

     To  dare  in  fields  is  valor;  but  how few Dare to be throughly
     valiant to be true? Dryden.


   Through*out" (?), prep. Quite through; from one extremity to the other
   of; also, every part of; as, to search throughout the house.

     Nor  to their idle orbs doth sight appear Of sun, or moon, or star,
     throughout the year. Milton.


   Through*out",  adv.  In  every  part;  as,  the  cloth  was of a piece


   Throve (?), imp. of Thrive.


   Throw  (?),  n. [See Throe.] Pain; especially, pain of travail; throe.
   [Obs.] Spenser. Dryden.


   Throw,  n. [AS. , .] Time; while; space of time; moment; trice. [Obs.]

     I will with Thomas speak a little throw. Chaucer.


   Throw,  v.  t.  [imp.  Threw  (?);  p.  p. Thrown (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Throwing.]  [OE.  , , to throw, to twist, AS. to twist, to whirl; akin
   to  D.  draaijen,  G.  drehen,  OHG.  dr\'bejan,  L. terebra an auger,
   gimlet, Gr. Thread, Trite, Turn, v. t.]

   1.  To fling, cast, or hurl with a certain whirling motion of the arm,
   to throw a ball; -- distinguished from to toss, or to bowl.

   2.  To  fling  or  cast in any manner; to drive to a distance from the
   hand  or  from  an  engine; to propel; to send; as, to throw stones or
   dust  with  the  hand;  a cannon throws a ball; a fire engine throws a
   stream of water to extinguish flames.

   3.  To drive by violence; as, a vessel or sailors may be thrown upon a

   4.  (Mil.)  To  cause  to  take  a  strategic position; as, he threw a
   detachment of his army across the river.

   5.  To  overturn;  to  prostrate  in  wrestling;  as, a man throws his

   6. To cast, as dice; to venture at dice.

     Set less than thou throwest. Shak.

   7. To put on hastily; to spread carelessly.

     O'er his fair limbs a flowery vest he threw. Pope.

   8. To divest or strip one's self of; to put off.

     There the snake throws her enameled skin. Shak.

   9.  (Pottery)  To  form  or  shape  roughly  on  a throwing engine, or
   potter's wheel, as earthen vessels.

   10. To give forcible utterance to; to cast; to vent.

     I have thrown A brave defiance in King Henry's teeth. Shak.

   11.  To bring forth; to produce, as young; to bear; -- said especially
   of rabbits.

   12.  To  twist  two  or  more filaments of, as silk, so as to form one
   thread;  to twist together, as singles, in a direction contrary to the
   twist  of  the  singles  themselves; -- sometimes applied to the whole
   class  of  operations  by  which  silk  is  prepared  for  the weaver.
   To  throw  away. (a) To lose by neglect or folly; to spend in vain; to
   bestow  without  a compensation; as, to throw away time; to throw away
   money.  (b) To reject; as, to throw away a good book, or a good offer.
   --  To  throw  back.  (a)  To retort; to cast back, as a reply. (b) To
   reject;  to  refuse.  (c) To reflect, as light. -- To throw by, to lay
   aside;  to  discard; to neglect as useless; as, to throw by a garment.
   --  To  throw down, to subvert; to overthrow; to destroy; as, to throw
   down  a  fence or wall. -- To throw in. (a) To inject, as a fluid. (b)
   To  put  in;  to deposit with others; to contribute; as, to throw in a
   few dollars to help make up a fund; to throw in an occasional comment.
   (c)  To  add  without  enumeration or valuation, as something extra to
   clinch  a  bargain.  -- To throw off. (a) To expel; to free one's self
   from;  as,  to  throw  off  a  disease.  (b) To reject; to discard; to
   abandon;  as,  to  throw  off  all  sense  of  shame;  to  throw off a
   dependent.  (c)  To  make  a start in a hunt or race. [Eng.]<-- (d) To
   emit.  Same as throw out (e). (e) To disconcert or confuse. Same as to
   throw  out  (f).  --> -- To throw on, to cast on; to load. -- To throw
   one's  self  down,  to  lie down neglectively or suddenly. -- To throw
   one's  self  on OR upon. (a) To fall upon. (b) To resign one's self to
   the favor, clemency, or sustain power of (another); to repose upon. --
   To  throw  out.  (a) To cast out; to reject or discard; to expel. "The
   other  two,  whom  they had thrown out, they were content should enjoy
   their  exile."  Swift. "The bill was thrown out." Swift. (b) To utter;
   to  give  utterance  to;  to  speak;  as,  to throw out insinuation or
   observation.  "She  throws  out  thrilling  shrieks."  Spenser. (c) To
   distance;  to  leave  behind. Addison. (d) To cause to project; as, to
   throw  out  a  pier or an abutment. (e) To give forth; to emit; as, an
   electric  lamp  throws  out  a  brilliant  light.  (f)  To put out; to
   confuse; as, a sudden question often throws out an orator. -- To throw
   over,  to  abandon  the  cause of; to desert; to discard; as, to throw
   over  a friend in difficulties. -- To throw up. (a) To resign; to give
   up;  to  demit;  as,  to throw up a commission. "Experienced gamesters
   throw  up  their  cards when they know that the game is in the enemy's
   hand."  Addison.  (b)  To  reject  from  the stomach; to vomit. (c) To
   construct hastily; as, to throw up a breastwork of earth.
   Throw  (?),  v. i. To perform the act of throwing or casting; to cast;
   specifically,  to  cast  dice.  To  throw about, to cast about; to try
   expedients. [R.]
   Throw, n.
   1.  The  act  of hurling or flinging; a driving or propelling from the
   hand or an engine; a cast.
     He  heaved  a  stone,  and,  rising  to  the throw, He sent it in a
     whirlwind at the foe. Addison.
   2. A stroke; a blow. [Obs.]
     Nor shield defend the thunder of his throws. Spenser.
   3.  The  distance which a missile is, or may be, thrown; as, a stone's

   4. A cast of dice; the manner in which dice fall when cast; as, a good

   5. An effort; a violent sally. [Obs.]

     Your  youth  admires  The  throws  and  swellings  of a Roman soul.

   6.  (Mach.)  The  extreme  movement  given  to  a sliding or vibrating
   reciprocating  piece  by a cam, crank, eccentric, or the like; travel;
   stroke;  as,  the throw of a slide valve. Also, frequently, the length
   of the radius of a crank, or the eccentricity of an eccentric; as, the
   throw  of  the  crank of a steam engine is equal to half the stroke of
   the piston.

   7.  (Pottery)  A  potter's  wheel or table; a jigger. See 2d Jigger, 2

   8. A turner's lathe; a throwe. [Prov. Eng.]

   9.  (Mining)  The amount of vertical displacement produced by a fault;
   --  according  to  the  direction it is designated as an upthrow, or a


   Throw"-crook`  (?),  n. (Agric.) An instrument used for twisting ropes
   out of straw.


   Throwe (?), n. A turning lathe. [Prov. Eng.]


   Throw"er  (?),  n. One who throws. Specifically: (a) One who throws or
   twists  silk;  a  throwster.  (b) One who shapes vessels on a throwing


   Throw"ing,  a.  &  n.  from  Throw, v. Throwing engine, Throwing mill,
   Throwing  table,  OR  Throwing  wheel  (Pottery),  a  machine on which
   earthenware  is  first  rudely shaped by the hand of the potter from a
   mass  of  clay  revolving  rapidly  on  a  disk  or table carried by a
   vertical spindle; a potter's wheel.


   Thrown  (?),  a.  &  p.  p.  from  Throw,  v. Thrown silk, silk thread
   consisting  of  two or more singles twisted together like a rope, in a
   direction  contrary  to  that  in  which  the  singles  of which it is
   composed  are  twisted.  M'Culloch.  -- Thrown singles, silk thread or
   cord  made  by three processes of twisting, first into singles, two or
   more of which are twisted together making dumb singles, and several of
   these twisted together to make thrown singles.
   Throw"-off` (?), n. A start in a hunt or a race. [Eng.]
   Throw"ster  (?),  n. [Throw + -ster.] One who throws or twists silk; a
   Thru (?), prep., adv. & a. Through. [Ref. spelling.]
   Thrum (?), n. [OE. thrum, throm; akin to OD. drom, D. dreum, G. trumm,
   lump,  end, fragment, OHG. drum end, Icel. edge, brim, and L. terminus
   a limit, term. Cf. Term.] [Written also thrumb.]
   1. One of the ends of weaver's threads; hence, any soft, short threads
   or tufts resembling these.
   2. Any coarse yarn; an unraveled strand of rope.

   3. (Bot.) A threadlike part of a flower; a stamen.

   4.  (Mining) A shove out of place; a small displacement or fault along
   a seam.

   5. (Naut.) A mat made of canvas and tufts of yarn.
   Thrum  cap,  a  knitted  cap.  Halliwell.  -- Thrum hat, a hat made of
   coarse woolen cloth. Minsheu.
   Thrum, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Thrummed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Thrumming.] 

   1. To furnish with thrums; to insert tufts in; to fringe.

     Are we born to thrum caps or pick straw? Quarles.

   2. (Naut.) To insert short pieces of rope-yarn or spun yarn in; as, to
   thrum  a  piece  of  canvas,  or  a mat, thus making a rough or tufted
   surface. Totten.


   Thrum, v. i. [CF. Icel. to rattle, to thunder, and E. drum.]

   1.  To  play  rudely or monotonously on a stringed instrument with the
   fingers; to strum.

   2.  Hence,  to  make  a  monotonous  drumming noise; as, to thrum on a


   Thrum, v. t.

   1. To play, as a stringed instrument, in a rude or monotonous manner.

   2.  Hence,  to drum on; to strike in a monotonous manner; to thrum the


   Thrum"-eyed`  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Having  the  anthers  raised above the
   stigma,  and visible at the throat of the corolla, as in long-stamened
   primroses; -- the reverse of pin-eyed.


   Thrum"my   (?),   a.   Like   thrums;  made  of,  furnished  with,  or
   characterized by, thrums. Dampier.

     On her head thrummy cap she had. Chalkhill.


   Thrum"wort`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) A kind of amaranth (Amarantus caudatus).
   Dr. Prior.


   Thru*out" (?). Throughout. [Ref. spelling.]


   Thrush (?), n. [OE. ■rusche, AS. ■rysce; akin to OHG. drosca, droscea,
   droscela, and E. throstle. Cf. Throstle.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of numerous species of singing birds belonging
   to Turdus and allied genera. They are noted for the sweetness of their

     NOTE: &hand; Am ong th e be st-known Eu ropean species are the song
     thrush  or  throstle (Turdus musicus), the missel thrush (see under
     Missel),   the  European  redwing,  and  the  blackbird.  The  most
     important American species are the wood thrush (Turdus mustelinus),
     Wilson's  thrush  (T.  fuscescens),  the  hermit  thrush (see under
     Hermit),  Swainson's  thrush  (T.  Alici\'91),  and  the  migratory
     thrush, or American robin (see Robin).

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of numerous species of singing birds more or
   less  resembling  the  true  thrushes  in appearance or habits; as the
   thunderbird  and  the  American  brown thrush (or thrasher). See Brown
   Ant  thrush. See Ant thrush, Breve, and Pitta. -- Babbling thrush, any
   one  of  numerous  species  of  Asiatic timaline birds; -- called also
   babbler. -- Fruit thrush, any species of bulbul. -- Shrike thrush. See
   under  Shrike.  --  Stone  thrush, the missel thrush; -- said to be so
   called   from   its   marbled   breast.  --  Thrush  nightingale.  See
   Nightingale,  2.  -- Thrush tit, any one of several species of Asiatic
   singing  birds of the genus Cochoa. They are beautifully colored birds
   allied  to  the  tits,  but resembling thrushes in size and habits. --
   Water  thrush.  (a)  The  European  dipper.  (b)  An  American warbler
   (Seiurus Noveboracensis).


   Thrush  (?),  n.  [Akin  to Dan. tr\'94ske, Sw. trosk; cf. Dan. t\'94r
   dry, Sw. torr, Icel. , AS. , OE. thrust thrist, E. thrist.]

   1.  (Med.)  An  affection  of the mouth, fauces, etc., common in newly
   born  children,  characterized  by minute ulcers called aphth\'91. See

   2.  (Far.)  An  inflammatory  and suppurative affection of the feet in
   certain animals. In the horse it is in the frog.


   Thrush"el (?), n. The song thrush. [Prov. Eng.]


   Thrush"er (?), n. The song thrush. [Prov. Eng.]


   Thrust (?), n. & v. Thrist. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Thrust,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Thrust (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Thrusting.]
   [OE.  ,  , , Icel. to thrust, press, force, compel; perhaps akin to E.

   1.  To  push or drive with force; to drive, force, or impel; to shove;
   as, to thrust anything with the hand or foot, or with an instrument.

     Into a dungeon thrust, to work with slaves. Milton.

   2. To stab; to pierce; -- usually with through.
   To  thrust  away OR from, to push away; to reject. -- To thrust in, to
   push  or drive in. -- To thrust off, to push away. -- To thrust on, to
   impel;  to  urge. -- To thrust one's self in OR into, to obtrude upon,
   to  intrude,  as  into  a  room;  to  enter (a place) where one is not
   invited  or  not  welcome.  -- To thrust out, to drive out or away; to
   expel.  --  To  thrust  through, to pierce; to stab. "I am eight times
   thrust through the doublet." Shak. -- To thrust together, to compress.


   Thrust, v. i.

   1.  To  make  a  push;  to  attack with a pointed weapon; as, a fencer
   thrusts at his antagonist.

   2. To enter by pushing; to squeeze in.

     And thrust between my father and the god. Dryden.

   3.  To  push  forward;  to  come  with force; to press on; to intrude.
   "Young, old, thrust there in mighty concourse." Chapman.
   To thrust to, to rush upon. [Obs.]

     As  doth an eager hound Thrust to an hind within some covert glade.


   Thrust, n.

   1.  A  violent  push or driving, as with a pointed weapon moved in the
   direction  of  its  length,  or  with  the  hand  or foot, or with any
   instrument; a stab; -- a word much used as a term of fencing.

     [Polites]  Pyrrhus  with  his lance pursues, And often reaches, and
     his thrusts renews. Dryden.

   2. An attack; an assault.

     One thrust at your pure, pretended mechanism. Dr. H. More.

   3. (Mech.) The force or pressure of one part of a construction against
   other  parts;  especially  (Arch.),  a  horizontal or diagonal outward
   pressure,  as  of an arch against its abutments, or of rafters against
   the wall which support them.

   4.  (Mining)  The  breaking  down  of  the roof of a gallery under its
   superincumbent weight.
   Thrust  bearing  (Screw  Steamers),  a bearing arranged to receive the
   thrust  or  endwise  pressure  of  the  screw  shaft.  -- Thrust plane
   (Geol.),  the  surface  along which dislocation has taken place in the
   case  of  a  reversed  fault.  Syn.  --  Push; shove; assault; attack.
   Thrust,  Push,  Shove. Push and shove usually imply the application of
   force  by  a  body  already  in  contact with the body to be impelled.
   Thrust,  often,  but not always, implies the impulse or application of
   force  by  a  body which is in motion before it reaches the body to be


   Thrust"er (?), n. One who thrusts or stabs.


   Thrust"ing, n.

   1. The act of pushing with force.

   2. (Dairies) (a) The act of squeezing curd with the hand, to expel the
   whey. (b) pl. The white whey, or that which is last pressed out of the
   curd by the hand, and of which butter is sometimes made. [Written also
   thrutchthings.] [Prov. Eng.]
   Thrusting  screw,  the screw of a screw press, as for pressing curd in
   making cheese. [R.]


   Thrus"tle  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) The throstle, or song thrust. [Obs. or
   Prov. Eng.]

     When he heard the thrustel sing. Chaucer.


   Thryes (?), a. Thrice. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Thry"fal`low  (?), v. t. [Perhaps fr. thrice + fallow. Cf. Trifallow.]
   To plow for the third time in summer; to trifallow. [R.] [Written also
   thrifallow.] Tusser.


   Thud  (?), n. [Cf. AS. a whirlwind, violent wind, or E. thump.] A dull
   sound  without  resonance,  like  that  produced  by striking with, or
   striking  against, some comparatively soft substance; also, the stroke
   or  blow producing such sound; as, the thrud of a cannon ball striking
   the earth.

     At every new thud of the blast, a sob arose. Jeffrey.

     At  intervals  there  came  some tremendous thud on the side of the
     steamer. C. Mackay.


   Thug (?), n. [Hind. thag a deceiver, robber.] One of an association of
   robbers  and  murderers  in  India  who  practiced  murder by stealthy
   approaches,   and  from  religious  motives.  They  have  been  nearly
   exterminated by the British government.


   Thug*gee"  (?), n. [Hind. .] The practice of secret or stealthy murder
   by Thugs. "One of the suppressors of Thuggee." J. D. Hooker.

                              Thuggery, Thuggism

   Thug"ger*y (?), Thug"gism (?), n. Thuggee.

   Page 1505


   Thu"ja  (?),  n.  [NL.,  from  Gr.  (Bot.) A genus of evergreen trees,
   thickly  branched,  remarkable for the distichous arrangement of their
   branches,  and  having  scalelike,  closely  imbricated, or compressed
   leaves. [Written also thuya.] See Thyine wood.

     NOTE: &hand; Thuja occidentalis is the Arbor vit\'91 of the Eastern
     and Northern United States. T. gigantea of North-waetern America is
     a  very  large  tree,  there called red cedar, and canoe cedar, and
     furnishes a useful timber.

   <--  thuja oil. cedar leaf oil. thujone. n. An oil, C10H16O, the chief
   constituent  of  cedar  leaf oil. A stimulant similar to camphor. Also
   called  thujol,  thuyol,  absinthol,  thuyone,  tanacetol, tanacetone.
   [Stedman 25]-->


   Thu"le  (?),  n.  [L.  Thule,  Thyle,  Gr.  The  name given by ancient
   geographers to the northernmost part of the habitable world. According
   to  some,  this land was Norway, according to others, Iceland, or more
   probably  Mainland,  the  largest  of the Shetland islands; hence, the
   Latin phrase ultima Thule, farthest Thule.


   Thu"li*a (?), n. [NL.] (Chem.) Oxide of thulium.


   Thu"li*um  (?), n. [NL. See Thule.] (Chem.) A rare metallic element of
   uncertain  properties  and  identity,  said  to have been found in the
   mineral gadolinite.


   Thumb  (?),  n.  [OE.  thombe, thoumbe, , AS. ; akin to OFries. th, D.
   duim,  G.  daumen,  OHG.  d, Icel. , Dan. tommelfinger, Sw. tunne, and
   perhaps to L. tumere to swell. \'fb56. Cf. Thimble, Tumid.] The short,
   thick  first digit of the human hand, differing from the other fingers
   in having but two phalanges; the pollex. See Pollex.

     Upon his thumb he had of gold a ring. Chaucer.

   Thumb  band,  a  twist of anything as thick as the thumb. Mortimer. --
   Thumb  blue,  indigo  in  the  form  of  small balls or lumps, used by
   washerwomen  to blue linen, and the like. -- Thumb latch, a door latch
   having  a  lever formed to be pressed by the thumb. -- Thumb mark. (a)
   The  mark  left  by  the  impression of a thumb, as on the leaves of a
   book.  Longfellow.  (b)  The  dark  spot over each foot in finely bred
   black  and tan terriers. -- Thumb nut, a nut for a screw, having wings
   to grasp between the thumb and fingers in turning it; also, a nut with
   a  knurled rim for the same perpose. -- Thumb ring, a ring worn on the
   thumb. Shak. -- Thumb stall. (a) A kind of thimble or ferrule of iron,
   or  leather,  for  protecting  the thumb in making sails, and in other
   work.  (b)  (Mil.)  A  buckskin cushion worn on the thumb, and used to
   close  the  vent  of a cannon while it is sponged, or loaded. -- Under
   one's thumb, completely under one's power or influence; in a condition
   of subservience. [Colloq.]


   Thumb, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Thumbed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Thumbing (?).]

   1. To handle awkwardly. Johnson.

   2.  To  play  with  the thumbs, or with the thumbs and fingers; as, to
   thumb over a tune.

   3.  To  soil  or  wear with the thumb or the fingers; to soil, or wear
   out, by frequent handling; also, to cover with the thumb; as, to thumb
   the touch-hole of a cannon.

     He  gravely  informed the enemy that all his cards had been thumbed
     to  pieces,  and  begged  them  to  let  him have a few more packs.


   Thumb,  v.  i.  To play with the thumb or thumbs; to play clumsily; to


   Thumb"bird` (?), n. The goldcrest. [Prov. Eng.]


   Thumbed (?), a.

   1. Having thumbs.

   2. Soiled by handling.


   Thumb"kin  (?), n. An instrument of torture for compressing the thumb;
   a thumbscrew.


   Thumb"less, a. Without a thumb. Darwin.


   Thumb"screw` (?), n.

   1.  A  screw  having  a  flat-sided or knurled head, so that it may be
   turned by the thumb and forefinger.

   2.  An old instrument of torture for compressing the thumb by a screw;
   a thumbkin.


   Thum"mie (?), n. The chiff-chaff. [Prov. Eng.]


   Thum"mim  (?),  n. pl. [Heb., pl. of th\'d3m perfection.] A mysterious
   part  or  decoration of the breastplate of the Jewish high priest. See
   the note under Urim.


   Thump  (?),  n.  [Probably  of imitative origin; perhaps influenced by
   dump, v.t.]

   1.  The sound made by the sudden fall or blow of a heavy body, as of a
   hammer, or the like.

     The distant forge's swinging thump profound. Wordsworth.

     With  heavy  thump, a lifeless lump, They dropped down, one by one.

   2. A blow or knock, as with something blunt or heavy; a heavy fall.

     The watchman gave so great a thump at my door, that I awaked at the
     knock. Tatler.


   Thump,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Thumped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Thumping.] To
   strike or beat with something thick or heavy, or so as to cause a dull

     These  bastard  Bretons;  whom  our  hathers Have in their own land
     beaten, bobbed, and thumped. Shak.


   Thump, v. i. To give a thump or thumps; to strike or fall with a heavy
   blow; to pound.

     A watchman at midnight thumps with his pole. Swift.


   Thump"er (?), n. One who, or that which, thumps.


   Thump"ing, a. Heavy; large. [Colloq.]


   Thun"der  (?),  n. [OE. , , , AS. ; akin to to stretch, to thunder, D.
   donder  thunder,  G.  donner,  OHG.  donar,  Icel.  Thor, L. tonare to
   thunder,  tonitrus  thunder, Gr. tan to stretch. \'fb52. See Thin, and
   cf. Astonish, Detonate, Intone, Thursday, Tone.]

   1.  The  sound  which  follows  a  flash of lightning; the report of a
   discharge of atmospheric electricity.

   2. The discharge of electricity; a thunderbolt. [Obs.]

     The  revenging gods 'Gainst parricides did all their thunders bend.

   3. Any loud noise; as, the thunder of cannon.

   4. An alarming or statrling threat or denunciation.

     The  thunders  of the Vatican could no longer strike into the heart
     of princes. Prescott.

   Thunder  pumper.  (Zo\'94l.) (a) The croaker (Haploidontus grunniens).
   (b)  The American bittern or stake-driver. -- Thunder rod, a lightning
   rod.  [R.]  --  Thunder  snake.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The chicken, or milk,
   snake.  (b)  A  small  reddish  ground  snake  (Carphophis, OR Celuta,
   am\'d2na)  native  to  the  Eastern United States; -- called also worm
   snake. -- Thunder tube, a fulgurite. See Fulgurite.


   Thun"der  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Thundered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Thundering.] [AS. . See Thunder, n.]

   1.  To  produce  thunder; to sound, rattle, or roar, as a discharge of
   atmospheric  electricity; -- often used impersonally; as, it thundered

     Canst thou thunder with a voice like him? Job xl. 9.

   2.  Fig.:  To  make  a  loud  noise;  esp.  a  heavy  sound,  of  some

     His dreadful voice no more Would thunder in my ears. Milton.

   3. To utter violent denunciation.


   Thun"der, v. t. To emit with noise and terror; to utter vehemently; to
   publish, as a threat or denunciation.

     Oracles severe Were daily thundered in our general's ear. Dryden.

     An   archdeacon,   as   being   a   prelate,  may  thunder  out  an
     ecclesiastical censure. Ayliffe.


   Thun"der*bird`  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) An Australian insectivorous singing
   bird  (Pachycephala gutturalis). The male is conspicuously marked with
   black  and yellow, and has a black crescent on the breast. Called also
   white-throated   thickhead,   orange-breasted   thrust,  black-crowned
   thrush, guttural thrush, and black-breasted flycatcher.


   Thun"der*bolt` (?), n.

   1.  A  shaft  of  lightning; a brilliant stream of electricity passing
   from  one  part  of  the heavens to another, or from the clouds to the

   2. Something resembling lightning in suddenness and effectiveness.

     The Scipios' worth, those thunderbolts of war. Dryden.

   3.   Vehement   threatening  or  censure;  especially,  ecclesiastical
   denunciation; fulmination.

     He severely threatens such with the thunderbolt of excommunication.

   4. (Paleon.) A belemnite, or thunderstone.
   Thunderbolt   beetle   (Zo\'94l.),  a  long-horned  beetle  (Arhopalus
   fulminans)  whose  larva bores in the trunk of oak and chestnut trees.
   It  is  brownish  and  bluish-black,  with W-shaped whitish or silvery
   markings on the elytra.


   Thun"der*burst` (?), n. A burst of thunder.


   Thun"der*clap`  (?), n. A sharp burst of thunder; a sudden report of a
   discharge  of  atmospheric  electricity.  "Thunderclaps that make them
   quake." Spenser.

     When suddenly the thunderclap was heard. Dryden.


   Thun"der*cloud`   (?),  n.  A  cloud  charged  with  electricity,  and
   producing lightning and thunder.


   Thun"der*er  (?),  n.  One  who  thunders;  --  used  especially  as a
   translation  of L. tonans, an epithet applied by the Romans to several
   of their gods, esp. to Jupiter.

     That dreadful oath which binds the Thunderer. Pope.


   Thun"der*fish`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) A large European loach (Misgurnus


   Thun"der*head`  (?),  n.  A  rounded mass of cloud, with shining white
   edges; a cumulus, -- often appearing before a thunderstorm.


   Thun"der*ing, a.

   1. Emitting thunder.

     Roll the thundering chariot o'er the ground. J. Trumbull.

   2. Very great; -- often adverbially. [Slang] -- Thun"der*ing*ly, adv.


   Thun"der*ing, n. Thunder. Rev. iv. 5.


   Thun"der*less, a. Without thunder or noise.


   Thun"der*ous (?), a. [Written also thundrous.]

   1. Producing thunder. [R.]

     How he before the thunderous throne doth lie. Milton.

   2.  Making  a noise like thunder; sounding loud and deep; sonorous. --
   Thun"der*ous*ly, adv.


   Thun"der*proof`  (?),  a.  Secure  against  the  effects of thunder or


   Thun"der*show`er  (?),  n.  A  shower  accompanied  with lightning and


   Thun"der*stone` (?), n.

   1. A thunderbolt, -- formerly believed to be a stone.

     Fear no more the lightning flash, Nor the all-dreaded thunderstone.

   2. (Paleon.) A belemnite. See Belemnite.


   Thun"der*storm`  (?),  n.  A  storm  accompanied  with  lightning  and


   Thun"der*strike`   (?),   v.   t.   [imp.  Thunderstruck  (?);  p.  p.
   Thunderstruck, -strucken (; p. pr. & vb. n. Thunderstriking.]

   1.  To  strike,  blast, or injure by, or as by, lightning. [R.] Sir P.

   2.  To astonish, or strike dumb, as with something terrible; -- rarely
   used except in the past participle.

     drove before him, thunderstruck. Milton.


   Thun"der*worm`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small,  footless,  burrowing,
   snakelike  lizard (Rhineura Floridana) allied to Amphisb\'91na, native
   of  Florida;  --  so  called  because  it  leaves  its burrows after a


   Thun"der*y   (?),   a.  Accompanied  with  thunder;  thunderous.  [R.]
   "Thundery weather." Pennant.


   Thun"drous  (?), a. Thunderous; sonorous. "Scraps of thunderous epic."


   Thun"ny (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The tunny. [R.]


   Thurgh (?), prep. Through. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Thurgh"fare` (?), n. Thoroughfare. [Obs.]

     This world is but a thurghfare full of woe. Chaucer.


   Thu"ri*ble  (?),  n.  [L. thuribulum, turibulum, from thus, thuris, or
   better  tus,  turis,  frankincense,  fr.  Gr.  (R. C. Ch.) A censer of
   metal,  for burning incense, having various forms, held in the hand or
   suspended  by  chains;  -- used especially at mass, vespers, and other
   solemn services. Fairholt.


   Thu*rif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  thurifer,  turifer; thus frankincense +
   -ferre to bear.] Producing or bearing frankincense.


   Thu`ri*fi*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  thus incense + -ficare (in comp.) to
   make.  See -fy.] The act of fuming with incense, or the act of burning


   Thu*rin"gi*an  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to Thuringia, a country in
   Germany, or its people. -- n. A native, or inhabitant of Thuringia.


   Thu*rin"gite  (?),  n.  [From  Thuringia, where it is found.] (Min.) A
   mineral  occurring  as  an  aggregation  of  minute  scales  having an
   olive-green  color  and  pearly  luster.  It  is a hydrous silicate of
   aluminia and iron.


   Thurl (?), n. [AS. a hole. \'fb53. See Thirl, Thrill.]

   1. A hole; an aperture. [Obs.]

   2.  (Mining)  (a) A short communication between adits in a mine. (b) A
   long adit in a coalpit.


   Thurl, v. t. [See Thrill.]

   1. To cut through; to pierce. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

   2.  (Mining)  To  cut  through, as a partition between one working and


   Thurl"ing, n. (Mining) Same as Thurl, n., 2 (a).


   Thur"rok (?), n. [AS. a boat.] The hold of a ship; a sink. [Obs.]

     Small  drops  of water that enter through a little crevice into the
     thurrok and into the bottom of a ship. Chaucer.


   Thurs"day  (?),  n. [OE. , , from the Scand. name Thor + E. day. Icel.
   Thor,  the  god  of  thunder,  is  akin  to  AS. thunder; D. Donderdag
   Thursday, G. Donnerstag, Icel. , Sw. & Dan. Torsdag. \'fb52. See Thor,
   Thunder,  and Day.] The fifth day of the week, following Wednesday and
   preceding Friday. Holy Thursday. See under Holy.


   Thurst  (?),  n.  (Coal Mining) The ruins of the fallen roof resulting
   from the removal of the pillars and stalls. Raymond.


   Thus  (?),  n.  [L. thus, better tus, frankincense. See Thurible.] The
   commoner  kind  of  frankincense,  or  that  obtained  from the Norway
   spruce, the long-leaved pine, and other conifers.


   Thus  (?),  adv.  [OE. thus, AS. ; akin to OFries. & OS. thus, D. dus,
   and E. that; cf. OHG. sus. See That.]

   1. In this or that manner; on this wise.

     Thus  did Noah; according to all that God commanded him, so did he.
     Gen. vi. 22.

     Thus God the heaven created, thus the earth. Milton.

   2. To this degree or extent; so far; so; as, thus wise; thus peaceble;
   thus bold. Shak.

     Thus far extend, thus far thy bounds. Milton.


   Thus"sock (?), n. See Tussock. [Obs.]


   Thu"ya (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Thuja.


   Thu"yin  (?), n. (Chem.) A substance extracted from trees of the genus
   Thuja, or Thuya, and probably identical with quercitrin. [Written also


   Thwack  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Thwacked  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Thwacking.] [Cf. OE. thakken to stroke, AS. , E. whack.]

   1.  To  strike  with  something  flat or heavy; to bang, or thrash: to
   thump. "A distant thwacking sound." W. Irving.

   2. To fill to overflow. [Obs.] Stanyhurst.


   Thwack, n. A heavy blow with something flat or heavy; a thump.

     With  many a stiff thwack, many a bang, Hard crab tree and old iron
     rang. Hudibras.


   Thwaite (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The twaite.


   Thwaite,  n.  [CF.  Icel. a piece of land, fr. to cut. See Thwite, and
   cf.  Doit, and Twaite land cleared of woods.] Forest land cleared, and
   converted to tillage; an assart. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

     NOTE: &hand; Th waite oc curs in composition as the last element in
     many  names  of  places in the north of England; as, in Rosthwaite,


   Thwart  (?),  a.  [OE.  ,  ,  a.  and  adv., Icel. , neut. of athwart,
   transverse, across; akin to AS. perverse, transverse, cross, D. dwars,
   OHG.  dwerah,  twerh,  G.  zwerch,  quer,  Dan.  &  Sw.  tver athwart,
   transverse, Sw. tv\'84r cross, unfriendly, Goth. angry. Cf. Queer.]

   1. Situated or placed across something else; transverse; oblique.

     Moved contrary with thwart obliquities. Milton.

   2. Fig.: Perverse; crossgrained. [Obs.] Shak.


   Thwart,  adv.  [See  Thwart,  a.]  Thwartly;  obliquely; transversely;
   athwart. [Obs.] Milton.


   Thwart,  prep.  Across;  athwart.  Spenser.  Thwart ships. See Athwart
   ships, under Athwart.


   Thwart,  n.  (Naut.)  A seat in an open boat reaching from one side to
   the other, or athwart the boat.


   Thwart, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Thwarted; p. pr. & vb. n. Thwarting.]

   1.  To  move  across or counter to; to cross; as, an arrow thwarts the
   air. [Obs.]

     Swift as a shooting star In autumn thwarts the night. Milton.

   2.  To  cross,  as  a  purpose;  to  oppose;  to  run  counter  to; to
   contravene; hence, to frustrate or defeat.

     If crooked fortune had not thwarted me. Shak.

     The  proposals  of  the  one never thwarted the inclinations of the
     other. South.


   Thwart, v. i.

   1. To move or go in an oblique or crosswise manner. [R.]

   2. Hence, to be in opposition; to clash. [R.]

     Any  proposition  .  .  .  that  shall  at all thwart with internal
     oracles. Locke.


   Thwart"er  (?),  n.  (Far.)  A disease in sheep, indicated by shaking,
   trembling, or convulsive motions.


   Thwart"ing*ly,  adv.  In  a  thwarting or obstructing manner; so as to


   Thwart"ly, adv. Transversely; obliquely.


   Thwart"ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being thwart; obliquity;

   Page 1506


   Thwite  (?),  v.  t.  [AS.  .  See Whittle, and cf. Thwaite a piece of
   land.]  To  cut or clip with a knife; to whittle. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   Thwit"tle  (?),  v.  t.  [See Thwite, and Whittle.] To cut or whittle.
   [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Palsgrave.


   Thwit"tle, n. A small knife; a whittle. [Written also thwitel.] [Obs.]
   "A Sheffield thwittle." Chaucer.


   Thy  (?),  pron.  [OE.  thi, shortened from thin. See Thine, Thou.] Of
   thee,  or belonging to thee; the more common form of thine, possessive
   case  of thou; -- used always attributively, and chiefly in the solemn
   or grave style, and in poetry. Thine is used in the predicate; as, the
   knife is thine. See Thine.

     Our  father  which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom
     come. Thy will be done. Matt. vi. 9,10.

     These are thy glorious works, Parent of good. Milton.

                                  Thyine wood

   Thy"ine  wood`  (?).  [Gr. (Bot.) The fragrant and beautiful wood of a
   North  African  tree  (Callitris  quadrivalvis), formerly called Thuja
   articulata.  The tree is of the Cedar family, and furnishes a balsamic
   resin called sandarach. Rev. xviii. 12.


   Thy"la*cine (?), n. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The zebra wolf. See under Wolf.


   Thym"ate (?), n. (Chem.) A compound of thymol analogous to a salt; as,
   sodium thymate.


   Thyme  (?),  n.  [OE.  tyme,  L. thymum, Gr. thym; -- perhaps so named
   because  of  its  sweet  smell.  Cf. Fume, n.] (Bot.) Any plant of the
   labiate  genus  Thymus.  The garden thyme (Thymus vulgaris) is a warm,
   pungent aromatic, much used to give a relish to seasoning and soups.

     Ankle deep in moss and flowery thyme. Cowper.

   Cat  thyme,  a  labiate  plant  (Teucrium  Marum) of the Mediterranean
   religion.  Cats  are said to be fond of rolling on it. J. Smith (Dict.
   Econ.  Plants).  --  Wild thyme, Thymus Serpyllum, common on banks and
   hillsides in Europe.

     I know a bank where the wild thyme blows. Shak.


   Thym"ene (?), n. (Chem.) A liquid terpene obtained from oil of thyme.


   Thym"i*a*tech`ny  (?), n. [Gr. (Med.) The art of employing perfumes in
   medicine. [R.] Dunglison.


   Thym"ic (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the thymus gland.


   Thy"mic  (?),  a.  (Med. Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, thyme;
   as, thymic acid.


   Thym"ol  (?), n. [Thyme + -ol.] (Chem.) A phenol derivative of cymene,
   C10H13.OH,  isomeric  with  carvacrol,  found  in  oil  of  thyme, and
   extracted as a white crystalline substance of a pleasant aromatic odor
   and strong antiseptic properties; -- called also hydroxy cymene.


   Thy"mus   (?),  a.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Anat.)  Of,  pertaining  to,  or
   designating,  the  thymus gland. -- n. The thymus gland. Thymus gland,
   OR  Thymus body, a ductless gland in the throat, or in the neighboring
   region,  of nearly all vertebrates. In man and other mammals it is the
   throat,  or  neck,  sweetbread,  which  lies  in the upper part of the
   thorax  and lower part of the throat. It is largest in fetal and early
   life, and disappears or becomes rudimentary in the adult.


   Thym"y  (?),  a.  Abounding  with  thyme;  fragrant; as, a thymy vale.

     Where'er a thymy bank he found, He rolled upon the fragrant ground.

   <-- thyratron thyristor. -->


   Thy"ro-  (?).  A combining form used in anatomy to indicate connection
   with,  or  relation to, the thyroid body or the thyroid cartilage; as,


   Thy`ro*a*ryt"e*noid  (?),  a.  (Anat.)  Of  or  pertaining to both the
   thyroid and arytenoid cartilages of the larynx.


   Thy`ro*hy"al  (?),  n.  (Anat.) One of the lower segments in the hyoid
   arch,  often  consolidated with the body of the hyoid bone and forming
   one of its great horns, as in man.


   Thy`ro*hy"oid  (?),  a.  (Anat.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  thyroid
   cartilage of the larynx and the hyoid arch.


   Thy"roid (?), a. [Gr. thyro\'8bde, thyr\'82o\'8bde.]

   1.  Shaped  like  an  oblong  shield;  shield-shaped;  as, the thyroid

   2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the thyroid body, thyroid cartilage, or
   thyroid artery; thyroideal.
   Thyroid cartilage. See under Larynx. -- Thyroid body, OR Thyroid gland
   (Anat.),  a glandlike but ductless body, or pair of bodies, of unknown
   function,  in  the  floor of the mouth or the region of the larynx. In
   man and most mammals it is a highly vascular organ, partly surrounding
   the  base of the larynx and the upper part of the trachea.<-- produces
   thyroxine.  -->  --  Thyroid  dislocation  (Surg.), dislocation of the
   thigh bone into the thyroid foramen. -- Thyroid foramen, the obturator


   Thy*roid"e*al (?), a. (Anat.) Thyroid.


   Thy*rot"o*my  (?),  n.  [Thyro- + Gr. (Surg.) The operation of cutting
   into the thyroid cartilage.


   Thyrse (?), n. [Cf. F. thyrse.] A thyrsus.

                             Thyrsoid, Thyrsoidal

   Thyr"soid   (?),  Thyr*soid"al  (?),  a.  [Gr.  thyrso\'8bde.]  Having
   somewhat the form of a thyrsus.


   Thyr"sus (?), n.; pl. Thyrsi (#). [L., fr. Gr. Torso.]

   1.  A  staff entwined with ivy, and surmounted by a pine cone, or by a
   bunch of vine or ivy leaves with grapes or berries. It is an attribute
   of Bacchus, and of the satyrs and others engaging in Bacchic rites.

     A good to grow on graves As twist about a thyrsus. Mrs. Browning.

     In  my hand I bear The thyrsus, tipped with fragrant cones of pine.

   2. (Bot.) A species of inflorescence; a dense panicle, as in the lilac
   and horse-chestnut.


   Thy`sa*nop"ter (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Thysanoptera.


   Thy`sa*nop"te*ra  (?),  n. pl. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   insects,  considered by some writers a distinct order, but regarded by
   others  as belonging to the Hemiptera. They are all of small size, and
   have  narrow, broadly fringed wings with rudimentary nervures. Most of
   the  species  feed upon the juices of plants, and some, as those which
   attack  grain, are very injurious to crops. Called also Physopoda. See


   Thy`sa*nop"ter*an (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Thysanoptera.


   Thy`sa*nop"ter*ous (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Thysanoptera.


   Thys`a*nu"ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An order of wingless
   hexapod  insects  which  have  setiform caudal appendages, either bent
   beneath  the  body  to  form  a  spring, or projecting as bristles. It
   comprises   the  Cinura,  or  bristletails,  and  the  Collembola,  or
   springtails. Called also Thysanoura. See Lepisma, and Podura.


   Thys`a*nu"ran  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  the Thysanura. Also used


   Thys`a*nu"rous (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Thysanura.


   Thys"be  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. L. Thisbe maiden beloved by Pyramus, Gr.
   (Zo\'94l.) A common clearwing moth (Hemaris thysbe).


   Thy*self" (?), pron. An emphasized form of the personal pronoun of the
   second  person;  --  used  as  a  subject commonly with thou; as, thou
   thyself  shalt  go;  that  is,  thou  shalt  go,  and  no other. It is
   sometimes  used, especially in the predicate, without thou, and in the
   nominative as well as in the objective case.

     Thyself shalt see the act. Shak.

     Ere I do thee, thou to thyself wast cruel. Milton.


   Ti"ar  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. tiare. See Tiara.] A tiara. [Poetic] Milton.


   Ti*a"ra (?), n. [L., from Gr.

   1.  A  form  of  headdress  worn by the ancient Persians. According to
   Xenophon,  the  royal  tiara was encircled with a diadem, and was high
   and erect, while those of the people were flexible, or had rims turned

   2. The pope's triple crown. It was at first a round, high cap, but was
   afterward  encompassed  with  a crown, subsequently with a second, and
   finally with a third. Fig.: The papal dignity.


   Ti*a"raed (?), a. Adorned with, or wearing, a tiara.


   Tib"-cat` (?), n. A female cat. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Tib"i*a (?), n.; pl. Tibi\'91 (#). [L.]

   1.  (Anat.) The inner, or preaxial, and usually the larger, of the two
   bones of the leg or hind limb below the knee.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  fourth joint of the leg of an insect. See Illust.
   under Coleoptera, and under Hexapoda.

   3. (Antiq.) A musical instrument of the flute kind, originally made of
   the leg bone of an animal.


   Tib"i*al  (?),  a. [L. tibialis, fr. tibia the shin bone; also, a pipe
   or flute, originally made of a bone: cf. F. tibial.]

   1. Of or pertaining to a tibia.

   2. Of or pertaining to a pipe or flute.
   Tibial  spur  (Zo\'94l.),  a  spine  frequently  borne on the tibia of
   insects. See Illust. under Coleoptera.
   Tib"i*al, n. (Anat.) A tibial bone; a tibiale. 


   Tib`i*a"le  (?),  n.;  pl.  Tibialia  (#).  [NL.]  (Anat.) The bone or
   cartilage   of  the  tarsus  which  articulates  with  the  tibia  and
   corresponds to a part of the astragalus in man and most mammals.


   Ti*bic"i*nate (?), v. i. [L. tibicinare.] To play on a tibia, or pipe.


   Tib"i*o-  (?). A combining form used in anatomy to indicate connection
   with, or relation to, the tibia; as, tibiotarsus, tibiofibular.


   Tib`i*o*tar"sal  (?),  a.  (Anat.) (a) Of or pertaining to both to the
   tibia  and  the  tarsus;  as,  the tibiotarsal articulation. (b) Of or
   pertaining to the tibiotarsus.


   Tib`i*o*tar"sus  (?),  n.;  pl.  Tibiotarsi  (. (Anat.) The large bone
   between  the  femur  and  tarsometatarsus  in the leg of a bird. It is
   formed by the union of the proximal part of the tarsus with the tibia.


   Tib"rie (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The pollack. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tic  (?),  n.  [F.]  (Med.)  A local and habitual convulsive motion of
   certain  muscles;  especially, such a motion of some of the muscles of
   the  face;  twitching;  velication;  --  called  also  spasmodic  tic.
   Dunglison.  Tic  douloureux  (.  [F.,  fr.  tic a knack, a twitching +
   douloureux  painful.]  (Med.)  Neuralgia  in  the face; face ague. See
   under Face.


   Ti*cal" (?), n.

   1. A bean-shaped coin of Siam, worth about sixty cents; also, a weight
   equal to 236 grains troy. Malcom.

   2.  A  money  of  account  in China, reckoning at about $1.60; also, a
   weight of about four ounces avoirdupois.


   Tice  (?),  v.  t.  [Aphetic  form  of  entice.] To entice. [Obs.] The


   Tice,  n.  (Cricket)  A ball bowled to strike the ground about a bat's
   length in front of the wicket.


   Tice"ment (?), n. Enticement. [Obs.]


   Tich"or*rhine  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Paleon.)  A  fossil  rhinoceros with a
   vertical bony medial septum supporting the nose; the hairy rhinoceros.


   Tick  (?),  n. [Abbrev. from ticket.] Credit; trust; as, to buy on, or
   upon, tick.


   Tick, v. i.

   1. To go on trust, or credit.

   2. To give tick; to trust.


   Tick, n. [OE. tike, teke; akin to D. teek, G. zecke. Cf. Tike a tick.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  Any  one of numerous species of large parasitic mites
   which  attach  themselves to, and suck the blood of, cattle, dogs, and
   many  other  animals.  When  filled with blood they become ovate, much
   swollen,  and  usually  livid  red in color. Some of the species often
   attach  themselves to the human body. The young are active and have at
   first  but  six  legs.  (b)  Any  one  of several species of dipterous
   insects  having  a  flattened  and  usually wingless body, as the bird
   ticks  (see under Bird) and sheep tick (see under Sheep). Tick bean, a
   small  bean used for feeding horses and other animals. -- Tick trefoil
   (Bot.), a name given to many plants of the leguminous genus Desmodium,
   which  have  trifoliate  leaves, and joined pods roughened with minute
   hooked  hairs by which the joints adhere to clothing and to the fleece
   of sheep.


   Tick, n. [LL. techa, teca, L. theca case, Gr. Thesis.]

   1.  The  cover,  or case, of a bed, mattress, etc., which contains the
   straw, feathers, hair, or other filling.

   2. Ticking. See Ticking, n.


   Tick,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Ticked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Ticking.]
   [Probably of imitative origin; cf. D. tikken, LG. ticken.]

   1.  To  make  a small or repeating noise by beating or otherwise, as a
   watch does; to beat.

   2. To strike gently; to pat.

     Stand not ticking and toying at the branches. Latimer.


   Tick, n.

   1. A quick, audible beat, as of a clock.

   2.  Any  small  mark  intended to direct attention to something, or to
   serve as a check. Dickens.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) The whinchat; -- so called from its note. [Prov. Eng.]
   Death tick. (Zo\'94l.) See Deathwatch.


   Tick,  v.  t.  To  check  off by means of a tick or any small mark; to

     When  I  had  got  all  my  responsibilities  down  upon my list, I
     compared each with the bill and ticked it off. Dickens.


   Tick"en (?), n. See Ticking. [R.] R. Browning.


   Tick"er (?), n. [See Tick.] One who, or that which, ticks, or produces
   a  ticking sound, as a watch or clock, a telegraphic sounder, etc. <--
   2.  The  heart.  [Colloq.]  3.  (a) A stock ticker. (b) A news ticker,
   similar  to  a stock ticker, but used for printing news transmitted by
   wire.  Ticker tape Tape from or designed to be used in a stock ticker,
   usu.  of  paper  and  being  narrow  but  long.  --  Stock  ticker, an
   electro-mechanical   information   receiving   device   connected   by
   telegraphic  wire to a stock exchange, and which prints out the latest
   transactions or news on stock exchanges, commonly found in the offices
   of  stock  brokers.  By  1980  largely  superseded by electronic stock
   quotation devices. ticker tape parade A parade to honor a person, held
   in  New  York  City,  during  which  people  in  the tall buildings of
   Manhattan throw large quantities of paper, confetti, paper ribbons, or
   the  like onto the parading group. The name comes form the ticker tape
   originally thrown onto the parade when it passed stockbrokers' offices
   in lower Manhattan, before stock tickers became obsolete. -->


   Tick"et  (?), n. [F. \'82tiquette a label, ticket, fr. OF. estiquette,
   or  OF.  etiquet,  estiquet;  both  of Teutonic origin, and akin to E.
   stick.  See  Stick,  n. & v., and cf. Etiquette, Tick credit.] A small
   piece  of  paper,  cardboard,  or  the  like,  serving  as  a  notice,
   certificate,  or  distinguishing  token of something. Specifically: --
   (a) A little note or notice. [Obs. or Local]

     He constantly read his lectures twice a week for above forty years,
     giving notice of the time to his auditors in a ticket on the school
     doors. Fuller.

   (b) A tradesman's bill or account. [Obs.]

     NOTE: &hand; He nce th e ph rase on  ticket, on account; whence, by
     abbreviation, came the phrase on tick. See 1st Tick.

     Your courtier is mad to take up silks and velvets On ticket for his
     mistress. J. Cotgrave.

   (c)  A  certificate  or  token  of  right  of  admission to a place of
   assembly,  or of passage in a public conveyance; as, a theater ticket;
   a  railroad  or steamboat ticket. (d) A label to show the character or
   price  of goods. (e) A certificate or token of a share in a lottery or
   other   scheme  for  distributing  money,  goods,  or  the  like.  (f)
   (Politics)  A  printed  list  of  candidates  to  be  voted  for at an
   election;  a  set  of nominations by one party for election; a ballot.

     The  old  ticket  forever!  We  have it by thirty-four votes. Sarah
     Franklin (1766).

   Scratched  ticket, a ticket from which the names of one or more of the
   candidates  are  scratched out. -- Split ticket, a ticket representing
   different divisions of a party, or containing candidates selected from
   two  or  more  parties.  --  Straight  ticket, a ticket containing the
   regular  nominations of a party, without change. -- Ticket day (Com.),
   the day before the settling or pay day on the stock exchange, when the
   names  of  the actual purchasers are rendered in by one stockbroker to
   another.  [Eng.]  Simmonds.  --  Ticket  of leave, a license or permit
   given  to  a convict, or prisoner of the crown, to go at large, and to
   labor  for  himself  before the expiration of his sentence, subject to
   certain  specific  conditions.  [Eng.]  Simmonds.  -- Ticket porter, a
   licensed porter wearing a badge by which he may be identified. [Eng.]


   Tick"et, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ticketed; p. pr. & vb. n. Ticketing.]

   1.  To  distinguish  by  a  ticket;  to put a ticket on; as, to ticket

   2.  To  furnish  with  a tickets; to book; as, to ticket passengers to
   California.  [U.S.]  <--  Ticketed. having a ticket, esp. a ticket for
   travel  on  a  carrier sucha as an airline. A term used to distinguish
   those  who  have  made a reservation for travel, but have not yet paid
   and   received  their  ticket,  from  those  who  have.  "You  have  a
   reservation, but you have not yet been ticketed." -->


   Tick"et*ing,  n.  A  periodical  sale  of  ore  in  the English mining
   districts;  --  so  called from the tickets upon which are written the
   bids of the buyers.


   Tick"ing  (?),  n.  [From  Tick  a  bed  cover. Cf. Ticken.] A strong,
   closely  woven  linen  or  cotton  fabric, of which ticks for beds are
   made. It is usually twilled, and woven in stripes of different colors,
   as white and blue; -- called also ticken.

   Page 1507


   Tic"kle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tickled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tickling
   (?).]  [Perhaps  freq. of tick to beat; pat; but cf. also AS. citelian
   to  tickle,  D. kittelen, G. kitzlen, OHG. chizzil\'d3n, chuzzil\'d3n,
   Icel. kitla. Cf. Kittle, v. t.]

   1.  To touch lightly, so as to produce a peculiar thrilling sensation,
   which  commonly  causes  laughter,  and  a  kind of spasm which become
   dengerous if too long protracted.

     If you tickle us, do we not laugh? Shak.

   2. To please; to gratify; to make joyous.

     Pleased with a rattle, tickled with a straw. Pope.

     Such  a nature Tickled with good success, disdains the shadow Which
     he treads on at noon. Shak.


   Tic"kle, v. i.

   1. To feel titillation.

     He  with  secret  joy  therefore Did tickle inwardly in every vein.

   2. To excite the sensation of titillation. Shak.


   Tic"kle, a.

   1. Ticklish; easily tickled. [Obs.]

   2. Liable to change; uncertain; inconstant. [Obs.]

     The world is now full tickle, sikerly. Chaucer.

     So tickle is the state of earthy things. Spenser.

   3.  Wavering,  or  liable  to  waver  and fall at the slightest touch;
   unstable; easily overthrown. [Obs.]

     Thy head stands so tickle on thy shoulders, that a milkmaid, if she
     be in love, may sigh it off. Shak.


   Tic"kle-foot`ed  (?),  a. Uncertain; inconstant; slippery. [Obs. & R.]
   Beau. & Fl.


   Tick"len*burg  (?), n. A coarse, mixed linen fabric made to be sold in
   the West Indies.


   Tic"kle*ness (?), n. Unsteadiness. [Obs.]

     For hoard hath hate, and climbing tickleness. Chaucer.


   Tic"kler (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, tickles.

   2. Something puzzling or difficult.

   3.  A  book containing a memorandum of notes and debts arranged in the
   order of their maturity. [Com. Cant, U.S.] Bartlett.

   4. A prong used by coopers to extract bungs from casks. [Eng.]


   Tic"klish (?), a.

   1.  Sensible  to  slight  touches; easily tickled; as, the sole of the
   foot  is very ticklish; the hardened palm of the hand is not ticklish.

   2.  Standing  so  as  to be liable to totter and fall at the slightest
   touch; unfixed; easily affected; unstable.

     Can any man with comfort lodge in a condition so dismally ticklish?

   3. Difficult; nice; critical; as, a ticklish business.

     Surely  princes  had need, in tender matters and ticklish times, to
     beware what they say. Bacon.

   -- Tic"klish*ly, adv. -- Tic"klish*ness, n.


   Tick"seed`  (?),  n.  [Tick  the  insect  +  seed; cf. G. wanzensamen,
   literally, bug seed.]

   1.  A  seed or fruit resembling in shape an insect, as that of certain

   2.  (Bot.)  (a)  Same  as  Coreopsis.  (b)  Any  plant  of  the  genus
   Corispermum, plants of the Goosefoot family.


   Tick"tack`  (?),  n.  [See Tick to beat, to pat, and (for sense 2) cf.

   1. A noise like that made by a clock or a watch.

   2. A kind of backgammon played both with men and pegs; tricktrack.

     A game at ticktack with words. Milton.


   Tick"tack`, adv. With a ticking noise, like that of a watch.


   Tic`po*lon"ga  (?), n. [Native name.] (Zo\'94l.) A very venomous viper
   (Daboia  Russellii),  native of Ceylon and India; -- called also cobra


   Tid (?), a. [Cf. AS. tedre, tydere, weak, tender.] Tender; soft; nice;
   -- now only used in tidbit.


   Tid"al  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to tides; caused by tides; having
   tides;  periodically  rising and falling, or following and ebbing; as,
   tidal waters.

     The  tidal  wave  of  deeper souls Into our inmost being rolls, And
     lifts us unawares Out of all meaner cares. Longfellow.

   Tidal  air (Physiol.), the air which passes in and out of the lungs in
   ordinary  breathing.  It varies from twenty to thirty cubic inches. --
   Tidal basin, a dock that is filled at the rising of the tide. -- Tidal
   wave.  (a)  See Tide wave, under Tide. Cf. 4th Bore. (b) A vast, swift
   wave  caused  by  an  earthquake  or some extraordinary combination of
   natural  causes.  It rises far above high-water mark and is often very
   destructive upon low-lying coasts. <-- called in Japan tsunami. -->


   Tid"bit`  (?),  n. [Tid + bit.] A delicate or tender piece of anything
   eatable; a delicious morsel. [Written also titbit.]


   Tid"de (?), obs. imp. of Tide, v. i. Chaucer.

                                Tidder, Tiddle

   Tid"der  (?), Tid"dle (?), v. t. [Cf. AS. tyderian to grow tender. See
   Tid.] To use with tenderness; to fondle. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   Tide  (?), n. [AS. t\'c6d time; akin to OS. & OFries. t\'c6d, D. tijd,
   G.  zeit,  OHG.  z\'c6t,  Icel. t\'c6, Sw. & Dan. tid, and probably to
   Skr.  aditi unlimited, endless, where a- is a negative prefix. \'fb58.
   Cf. Tidings, Tidy, Till, prep., Time.]

   1.  Time;  period;  season.  [Obsoles.]  "This  lusty  summer's tide."

     And rest their weary limbs a tide. Spenser.

     Which, at the appointed tide, Each one did make his bride. Spenser.

     At the tide of Christ his birth. Fuller.

   2. The alternate rising and falling of the waters of the ocean, and of
   bays, rivers, etc., connected therewith. The tide ebbs and flows twice
   in  each  lunar  day,  or  the space of a little more than twenty-four
   hours.  It  is  occasioned  by the attraction of the sun and moon (the
   influence  of the latter being three times that of the former), acting
   unequally  on  the  waters  in  different  parts  of  the  earth, thus
   disturbing  their  equilibrium. A high tide upon one side of the earth
   is  accompanied by a high tide upon the opposite side. Hence, when the
   sun and moon are in conjunction or opposition, as at new moon and full
   moon,  their  action  is  such  as to produce a greater than the usual
   tide, called the spring tide, as represented in the cut. When the moon
   is  in  the  first  or  third  quarter,  the  sun's attraction in part
   counteracts  the effect of the moon's attraction, thus producing under
   the moon a smaller tide than usual, called the neap tide.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e flow or rising of the water is called flood tide,
     and the reflux, ebb tide.

   3.  A stream; current; flood; as, a tide of blood. "Let in the tide of
   knaves once more; my cook and I'll provide." Shak.

   4.  Tendency  or  direction  of causes, influences, or events; course;

     There  is  a tide in the affairs of men, Which, taken at the flood,
     leads on to fortune. Shak.

   5. Violent confluence. [Obs.] Bacon.

   6. (Mining) The period of twelve hours.
   Atmospheric  tides, tidal movements of the atmosphere similar to those
   of the ocean, and produced in the same manner by the attractive forces
   of  the  sun  and moon. -- Inferior tide. See under Inferior, a. -- To
   work  double  tides.  See  under Work, v. t. -- Tide day, the interval
   between  the  occurrences  of  two consecutive maxima of the resultant
   wave at the same place. Its length varies as the components of sun and
   moon  waves  approach  to,  or recede from, one another. A retardation
   from  this  cause  is  called  the  lagging  of  the  tide,  while the
   acceleration  of the recurrence of high water is termed the priming of
   the  tide.  See Lag of the tide, under 2d Lag. -- Tide dial, a dial to
   exhibit  the  state  of  the  tides  at any time. -- Tide gate. (a) An
   opening  through which water may flow freely when the tide sets in one
   direction,  but which closes automatically and prevents the water from
   flowing  in  the  other  direction. (b) (Naut.) A place where the tide
   runs  with  great  velocity, as through a gate. -- Tide gauge, a gauge
   for  showing  the  height  of  the tide; especially, a contrivance for
   registering  the  state  of  the tide continuously at every instant of
   time.  Brande  &  C. -- Tide lock, a lock situated between an inclosed
   basin,  or a canal, and the tide water of a harbor or river, when they
   are  on  different  levels,  so  that craft can pass either way at all
   times of the tide; -- called also guard lock. -- Tide mill. (a) A mill
   operated  by  the  tidal  currents. (b) A mill for clearing lands from
   tide water. -- Tide rip, a body of water made rough by the conflict of
   opposing  tides or currents. -- Tide table, a table giving the time of
   the  rise  and  fall  of  the  tide at any place. -- Tide water, water
   affected  by  the  flow  of the tide; hence, broadly, the seaboard. --
   Tide  wave,  OR Tidal wave, the swell of water as the tide moves. That
   of the ocean is called primitive; that of bays or channels derivative.
   Whewell. -- Tide wheel, a water wheel so constructed as to be moved by
   the ebb or flow of the tide. 


   Tide  (?),  v.  t.  To cause to float with the tide; to drive or carry
   with the tide or stream.

     They are tided down the stream. Feltham.


   Tide, v. i. [AS. t\'c6dan to happen. See Tide, n.]

   1. To betide; to happen. [Obs.]

     What should us tide of this new law? Chaucer.

   2. To pour a tide or flood.

   3.  (Naut.)  To work into or out of a river or harbor by drifting with
   the tide and anchoring when it becomes adverse.


   Tid"ed  (?),  a.  Affected  by  the  tide;  having  a tide. "The tided
   Thames." Bp. Hall.


   Tide"less, a. Having no tide.


   Tide"-rode`  (?),  a.  (Naut.)  Swung  by  the tide when at anchor; --
   opposed to wind-rode.


   Tides"man  (?),  n.; pl. Tidesmen (. A customhouse officer who goes on
   board  of  a  merchant  ship  to  secure  payment  of  the  duties;  a


   Tide"wait`er  (?), n. A customhouse officer who watches the landing of
   goods  from  merchant  vessels,  in order to secure payment of duties.


   Tide"way` (?), n. Channel in which the tide sets.


   Tid"ife (?), n. The blue titmouse. [Prov. Eng.]

     NOTE: &hand; Th e "t idif" mentioned in Chaucer is by some supposed
     to be the titmouse, by others the wren.


   Ti"di*ly (?), adv. In a tidy manner.


   Ti"di*ness, n. The quality or state of being tidy.


   Ti"ding (?), n. Tidings. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ti"dings  (?), n. pl. [OE. tidinge, ti, tidinde, from or influenced by
   Icel. t\'c6; akin to Dan. tidende, Sw. tidning, G. zeung, AS. t\'c6dan
   to  happen, E. betide, tide. See Tide, v. i. & n.] Account of what has
   taken place, and was not before known; news.

     I shall make my master glad with these tidings. Shak.

     Full  well  the  busy  whisper, circling round, Conveyed the dismal
     tidings when he frowned. Goldsmith.

     NOTE: &hand; Al though ti dings is plural in form, it has been used
     also  as a singular. By Shakespeare it was used indiscriminately as
     a singular or plural.

     Now near the tidings of our comfort is. Shak.

     Tidings to the contrary Are brought your eyes. Shak.

   Syn. -- News; advice; information; intelligence. -- Tidings, News. The
   term  news  denotes  recent  intelligence  from  any quarter; the term
   tidings  denotes  intelligence  expected  from  a  particular quarter,
   showing  what has there betided. We may be indifferent as to news, but
   are always more or less interested in tidings. We read the news daily;
   we  wait  for  tidings  respecting  an  absent  friend or an impending
   battle.  We may be curious to hear the news; we are always anxious for

     Evil news rides post, while good news baits. Milton.

     What tidings dost thou bring? Addison.


   Tid"ley  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The wren. (b) The goldcrest. [Prov.


   Tid*ol"o*gy  (?),  n. [Tide + -logy.] A discourse or treatise upon the
   tides; that part of science which treats of tides. J. S. Mill.


   Ti"dy (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The wren; -- called also tiddy. [Prov. Eng.]

     The tidy for her notes as delicate as they. Drayton.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is na me is  pr obably ap plied also to other small
     singing birds, as the goldcrest.


   Ti"dy,  a.  [Compar.  Tidier  (?);  superl. Tidiest.] [From Tide time,
   season; cf. D. tijdig timely, G. zeitig, Dan. & Sw. tidig.]

   1.  Being  in  proper  time;  timely;  seasonable; favorable; as, tidy
   weather. [Obs.]

     If weather be fair and tidy. Tusser.

   2.  Arranged in good order; orderly; appropriate; neat; kept in proper
   and  becoming  neatness,  or  habitually keeping things so; as, a tidy
   lass; their dress is tidy; the apartments are well furnished and tidy.

     A tidy man, that tened [injured] me never. Piers Plowman.


   Ti"dy, n.; pl. Tidies (.

   1.  A  cover,  often of tatting, drawn work, or other ornamental work,
   for the back of a chair, the arms of a sofa, or the like.

   2. A child's pinafore. [Prov. Eng.] Wright.


   Ti"dy,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Tidied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tidying.] To
   put  in  proper order; to make neat; as, to tidy a room; to tidy one's


   Ti"dy, v. i. To make things tidy. [Colloq.]

     I have tidied and tidied over and over again. Dickens.


   Ti"dy*tips`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  California  composite  plant  (Layia
   platyglossa), the flower of which has yellow rays tipped with white.


   Tie  (?), n.; pl. Ties (#). [AS. t\'c7ge, t, t\'c6ge. \'fb64. See Tie,
   v. t.]

   1. A knot; a fastening.

   2.  A  bond;  an  obligation,  moral  or legal; as, the sacred ties of
   friendship or of duty; the ties of allegiance.

     No distance breaks the tie of blood. Young.

   3. A knot of hair, as at the back of a wig. Young.

   4.  An  equality in numbers, as of votes, scores, etc., which prevents
   either  party  from  being  victorious;  equality in any contest, as a

   5.  (Arch.  & Engin.) A beam or rod for holding two parts together; in
   railways,  one  of  the transverse timbers which support the track and
   keep it in place.

   6.  (Mus.)  A line, usually straight, drawn across the stems of notes,
   or a curved line written over or under the notes, signifying that they
   are  to  be slurred, or closely united in the performance, or that two
   notes of the same pitch are to be sounded as one; a bind; a ligature.

   7. pl. Low shoes fastened with lacings.
   Bale tie, a fastening for the ends of a hoop for a bale.


   Tie,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Tied (?) (Obs. Tight (); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tying  (?).]  [OE.  ti,  teyen,  AS. t\'c6gan, ti\'82gan, fr. te\'a0g,
   te\'a0h, a rope; akin to Icel. taug, and AS. te\'a2n to draw, to pull.
   See Tug, v. t., and cf. Tow to drag.]

   1.  To  fasten with a band or cord and knot; to bind. "Tie the kine to
   the cart." 1 Sam. vi. 7.

     My  son,  keep thy father's commandment, and forsake not the law of
     thy  mother:  bind  them continually upon thine heart, and tie them
     about thy neck. Prov. vi. 20,21.

   2. To form, as a knot, by interlacing or complicating a cord; also, to
   interlace, or form a knot in; as, to tie a cord to a tree; to knit; to
   knot.  "We  do  not  tie  this  knot  with  an intention to puzzle the
   argument." Bp. Burnet.

   3. To unite firmly; to fasten; to hold.

     In bond of virtuous love together tied. Fairfax.

   4. To hold or constrain by authority or moral influence, as by knotted
   cords; to oblige; to constrain; to restrain; to confine.

     Not  tied  to  rules  of policy, you find Revenge less sweet than a
     forgiving mind. Dryden.

   5. (Mus.) To unite, as notes, by a cross line, or by a curved line, or
   slur, drawn over or under them.

   6. To make an equal score with, in a contest; to be even with.
   To  ride  and tie. See under Ride. -- To tie down. (a) To fasten so as
   to  prevent  from  rising. (b) To restrain; to confine; to hinder from
   action.  --  To tie up, to confine; to restrain; to hinder from motion
   or action.


   Tie, v. i. To make a tie; to make an equal score.


   Tie"bar` (?), n. A flat bar used as a tie.


   Tie"beam`  (?), n. (Arch.) A beam acting as a tie, as at the bottom of
   a  pair  of  principal rafters, to prevent them from thrusting out the
   wall. See Illust. of Timbers, under Roof. Gwilt.


   Ti"er (?), n. One who, or that which, ties.


   Ti"er,  n.  [See Tire a headdress.] A chold's apron covering the upper
   part  of  the  body,  and tied with tape or cord; a pinafore. [Written
   also tire.]


   Tier  (?),  n.  [Perhaps  fr.  OF. tire, F. tire; probably of Teutonic
   origin; cf. OHG. ziar\'c6 ornament, G. zier, AS. t\'c6r glory, ti\'82r
   row,  rank.  But  cf. also F. tirer to draw, pull; of Teutonic origin.
   Cf.  Attire, v. t., Tire a headdress, but also Tirade.] A row or rank,
   especially  one  of two or more rows placed one above, or higher than,
   another;  as,  a  tier  of  seats  in a theater. Tiers of a cable, the
   ranges of fakes, or windings, of a cable, laid one within another when


   Tierce  (?),  n. [F. tierce a third, from tiers, tierce, third, fr. L.
   tertius  the  third;  akin  to  tres  three. See Third, Three, and cf.
   Terce, Tercet, Tertiary.]

   1.  A  cask  whose  content is one third of a pipe; that is, forty-two
   wine gallons; also, a liquid measure of forty-two wine, or thirty-five
   imperial, gallons.

   2.  A  cask  larger  than  a  barrel, and smaller than a hogshead or a
   puncheon,  in  which  salt  provisions,  rice,  etc.,  are  packed for

   3. (Mus.) The third tone of the scale. See Mediant.

   4.  A sequence of three playing cards of the same suit. Tierce of ace,
   king, queen, is called tierce-major.

   5.  (Fencing)  A  position in thrusting or parrying in which the wrist
   and nails are turned downward.

   6.  (R.  C.  Ch.)  The third hour of the day, or nine a.m.; one of the
   canonical hours; also, the service appointed for that hour.

   Page 1508


   Tier*c\'82"  (?),  a.  [F.]  (Her.)  Divided into three equal parts of
   three different tinctures; -- said of an escutcheon.

                              Tiercel, Tiercelet

   Tier"cel  (?), Tierce"let (?), n. [OE. tercel, tercelet, F. tiercelet,
   a dim. of (assumed) tiercel, or LL. tertiolus, dim. fr. L. tertius the
   third;  --  so  called, according to some, because every third bird in
   the  nest  is a male, or, according to others, because the male is the
   third  part  less  than  female.  Cf.  Tercel.] (Falconry) The male of
   various falcons, esp. of the peregrine; also, the male of the goshawk.
   Encyc. Brit.


   Tierce"-ma`jor  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. tierce majeure.] (Card Playing) See
   Tierce, 4.


   Tier"cet  (?),  n.  [F.  tercet. See Tercet.] (Pros.) A triplet; three
   lines, or three lines rhyming together.


   Tie"-rod (?), n. A rod used as a tie. See Tie.

                                 Tiers \'82tat

   Tiers` \'82`tat" (?). [F.] The third estate, or commonalty, in France,
   answering to the commons in Great Britain; -- so called in distinction
   from, and as inferior to, the nobles and clergy.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e re fusal of  th e clergy and nobility to give the
     tiers  \'82tat  a representation in the States-general proportioned
     to  their  actual numbers had an important influence in bringing on
     the  French  Revolution  of 1789. Since that time the term has been
     purely historical.


   Tie"tick (?), n. The meadow pipit. [Prov. Eng].


   Tie"wig` (?), n. A wig having a tie or ties, or one having some of the
   curls tied up; also, a wig tied upon the head. Wright. V. Knox.


   Tiff  (?),  n.  [Originally,  a sniff, sniffing; cf. Icel. a smell, to
   sniff,  Norw.  tev  a  drawing in of the breath, teva to sniff, smell,
   dial. Sw. t\'81v smell, scent, taste.]

   1. Liquor; especially, a small draught of liquor. "Sipping his tiff of
   brandy punch." Sir W. Scott.

   2.  A fit of anger or peevishness; a slight altercation or contention.
   See Tift. Thackeray.


   Tiff,  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Tiffed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tiffing.] To be
   in a pet.

     She tiffed with Tim, she ran from Ralph. Landor.


   Tiff,  v. t. [OE. tiffen, OF. tiffer, tifer, to bedizen; cf. D. tippen
   to  clip  the  points or ends of the hair, E. tip, n.] To deck out; to
   dress. [Obs.] A. Tucker.


   Tif"fa*ny  (?),  n.  [OE.  tiffenay; cf. OF. tiffe ornament, tiffer to
   adjust, adorn. See Tiff to dress.] A species of gause, or very silk.

     The  smoke  of  sulphur  .  . . is commonly used by women to whiten
     tiffanies. Sir T. Browne.


   Tif"fin  (?),  n. [Properly, tiffing a quaffing, a drinking. See Tiff,
   n.]  A  lunch,  or  slight  repast  between  breakfast  and dinner; --
   originally,  a Provincial English word, but introduced into India, and
   brought back to England in a special sense.


   Tiff"ish (?), a. Inclined to tiffs; peevish; petulant.


   Tift  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Norw.  teft  a  scent.  See  Tiff,  n.] A fit of
   pettishness, or slight anger; a tiff.

     After  all  your fatigue you seem as ready for a tift with me as if
     you had newly come from church. Blackwood's Mag.


   Tig (?), n.

   1. A game among children. See Tag.

   2.  A  capacious,  flat-bottomed  drinking  cup,  generally  with four
   handles,  formerly  used  for  passing  around  the table at convivial


   Ti*gel"la  (?), n. [NL., from F. tige stem or stock.] (Bot.) That part
   of an embryo which represents the young stem; the caulicle or radicle.


   Ti*gelle" (?), n. [F.] (Bot.) Same as Tigella.


   Ti"ger  (?), n. [OE. tigre, F. tigre, L. tigris, Gr. ti`gris; probably
   of  Persian  origin;  cf.  Zend  tighra pointed, tighri an arrow, Per.
   t\'c6r;  perhaps akin to E. stick, v.t.; -- probably so named from its

   1.  A  very  large  and  powerful  carnivore  (Felis tigris) native of
   Southern  Asia  and  the  East Indies. Its back and sides are tawny or
   rufous  yellow,  transversely  striped  with black, the tail is ringed
   with black, the throat and belly are nearly white. When full grown, it
   equals  or  exceeds  the  lion in size and strength. Called also royal
   tiger, and Bengal tiger.

   2. Fig.: A ferocious, bloodthirsty person.

     As for heinous tiger, Tamora. Shak.

   3. A servant in livery, who rids with his master or mistress. Dickens.

   4.  A kind of growl or screech, after cheering; as, three cheers and a
   tiger. [Colloq. U.S.]

   5. A pneumatic box or pan used in refining sugar.
   American  tiger.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The puma. (b) The jaguar. -- Clouded
   tiger  (Zo\'94l.),  a  handsome  striped  and spotted carnivore (Felis
   macrocelis  or  F.  marmorata)  native of the East Indies and Southern
   Asia. Its body is about three and a half feet long, and its tail about
   three  feet  long.  Its  ground  color  is brownish gray, and the dark
   markings are irregular stripes, spots, and rings, but there are always
   two  dark  bands on the face, one extending back from the eye, and one
   from  the  angle  of  the  mouth. Called also tortoise-shell tiger. --
   Mexican  tiger (Zo\'94l.), the jaguar. -- Tiger beetle (Zo\'94l.), any
   one  of  numerous  species of active carnivorous beetles of the family
   Cicindelid\'91.  They  usually  inhabit  dry  or sandy places, and fly
   rapidly.  --  Tiger bittern. (Zo\'94l.) See Sun bittern, under Sun. --
   Tiger  cat  (Zo\'94l.),  any  one  of  several species of wild cats of
   moderate size with dark transverse bars or stripes somewhat resembling
   those of the tiger. -- Tiger flower (Bot.), an iridaceous plant of the
   genus  Tigridia (as T. conchiflora, T. grandiflora, etc.) having showy
   flowers,  spotted  or  streaked  somewhat like the skin of a tiger. --
   Tiger   grass  (Bot.),  a  low  East  Indian  fan  palm  (Cham\'91rops
   Ritchieana).  It  is used in many ways by the natives. J. Smith (Dict.
   Econ.  Plants).  --  Tiger  lily. (Bot.) See under Lily. -- Tiger moth
   (Zo\'94l.),  any  one  of  numerous  species  of  moths  of the family
   Arctiad\'91  which  are striped or barred with black and white or with
   other  conspicuous  colors.  The  larv\'91 are called woolly bears. --
   Tiger  shark  (Zo\'94l.),  a  voracious shark (Galeocerdo maculatus OR
   tigrinus)  more  or less barred or spotted with yellow. It is found in
   both  the Atlantic and Indian Ocean. Called also zebra shark. -- Tiger
   shell  (Zo\'94l.), a large and conspicuously spotted cowrie (Cypr\'91a
   tigris); -- so called from its fancied resemblance to a tiger in color
   and  markings. Called also tiger cowrie. -- Tiger wolf (Zo\'94l.), the
   spotted  hyena  (Hy\'91na  crocuta).  --  Tiger  wood,  the variegated
   heartwood of a tree (Mach\'91rium Schomburgkii) found in Guiana.


   Ti"ger-eye`  (?),  n.  (Min.)  A siliceous stone of a yellow color and
   chatoyant luster, obtained in South Africa and much used for ornament.
   It is an altered form of the mineral crocidolite. See Crocidolite.


   Ti"ger-foot` (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Tiger's-foot.


   Ti"ger-foot`ed, a. Hastening to devour; furious.


   Ti"ger*ine (?), a. Tigerish; tigrine. [R.]


   Ti"ger*ish, a. Like a tiger; tigrish.


   Ti"ger's-foot`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  name  given  to  some  species of
   morning-glory (Ipom\'d2a) having the leaves lobed in pedate fashion.


   Tigh  (?), n. [Perhaps akin to tight.] A close, or inclosure; a croft.
   [Obs.] Cowell.


   Tight (?), obs. p. p. of Tie. Spenser.


   Tight,  a. [Compar. Tighter (?); superl. Tightest.] [OE. tight, thiht;
   probably  of  Scand. origin; cf. Icel. , Dan. t\'91t, Sw. t\'84t: akin
   to D. & G. dicht thick, tight, and perhaps to E. thee to thrive, or to
   thick. Cf. Taut.]

   1.  Firmly held together; compact; not loose or open; as, tight cloth;
   a tight knot.

   2.  Close,  so as not to admit the passage of a liquid or other fluid;
   not leaky; as, a tight ship; a tight cask; a tight room; -- often used
   in  this  sense  as  the second member of a compound; as, water-tight;

   3. Fitting close, or too close, to the body; as, a tight coat or other

   4. Not ragged; whole; neat; tidy.

     Clad very plain, but clean and tight. Evelyn.

     I'll spin and card, and keep our children tight. Gay.

   5.  Close;  parsimonious;  saving;  as,  a  man tight in his dealings.

   6.  Not  slack or loose; firmly stretched; taut; -- applied to a rope,
   chain, or the like, extended or stretched out.

   7. Handy; adroit; brisk. [Obs.] Shak.

   8. Somewhat intoxicated; tipsy. [Slang]

   9. (Com.) Pressing; stringent; not easy; firmly held; dear; -- said of
   money or the money market. Cf. Easy, 7.


   Tight, v. t. To tighten. [Obs.]


   Tight"en  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Tightened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tightening.]  To  draw tighter; to straiten; to make more close in any

     Just  where  I please, with tightened rein I'll urge thee round the
     dusty plain. Fawkes.

   Tightening pulley (Mach.), a pulley which rests, or is forced, against
   a driving belt to tighten it.


   Tight"en*er  (?),  n.  That  which  tightens;  specifically (Mach.), a
   tightening pulley.


   Tight"er  (?),  n.  A  ribbon  or  string used to draw clothes closer.


   Tight"ly, adv. In a tight manner; closely; nearly.


   Tight"ness, n. The quality or condition of being tight.


   Tights  (?),  n.  pl. Close-fitting garments, especially for the lower
   part of the body and the legs.


   Tig"lic  (?),  a.  (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid,
   C4H7CO2H  (called also methyl crotonic acid), homologous with crotonic
   acid,  and  obtained  from croton oil (from Croton Tiglium) as a white
   crystalline substance.


   Ti"gress  (?), n. [From Tiger: cf. F. tigresse.] (Zo\'94l.) The female
   of the tiger. Holland.


   Ti"grine (?), a. [L. tigrinus, fr. tigris a tiger.]

   1. Of or pertaining to a tiger; like a tiger.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Resembling  the  tiger  in  color; as, the tigrine cat
   (Felis tigrina) of South America.


   Ti"grish (?), a. Resembling a tiger; tigerish.


   Tike (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A tick. See 2d Tick. [Obs.]


   Tike, n. [Icel. t\'c6k a bitch; akin to Sw. tik.]

   1. A dog; a cur. "Bobtail tike or trundle-tail." Shak.

   2. A countryman or clown; a boorish person.


   Ti"kus (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The bulau.


   Til (?), prep. & conj. See Till. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Til"bu*ry  (?),  n.; pl. Tilburies (#). [Probably from Tilburyfort, in
   the  Country  of  Essex,  in  England.]  A  kind of gig or two-wheeled
   carriage, without a top or cover. [Written also tilburgh.]


   Til"de  (?),  n.  [Sp., fr. L. titulus a superscription, title, token,
   sign.  See  Title, n.] The accentual mark placed over n, and sometimes
   over  l,  in  Spanish  words [thus, \'a4, <il;], indicating that, in
   pronunciation,  the  sound of the following vowel is to be preceded by
   that of the initial, or consonantal, y.


   Tile  (?),  v. t. [See 2d Tiler.] To protect from the intrusion of the
   uninitiated; as, to tile a Masonic lodge.


   Tile,  n.  [OE.  tile,  tigel,  AS.  tigel, tigol, fr. L. tegula, from
   tegere to cover. See Thatch, and cf. Tegular.]

   1.  A plate, or thin piece, of baked clay, used for covering the roofs
   of  buildings, for floors, for drains, and often for ornamental mantel

   2.  (Arch.)  (a)  A  small  slab  of marble or other material used for
   flooring. (b) A plate of metal used for roofing.

   3. (Metal.) A small, flat piece of dried earth or earthenware, used to
   cover vessels in which metals are fused.

   4. A draintile.

   5. A stiff hat. [Colloq.] Dickens.
   Tile drain, a drain made of tiles. -- Tile earth, a species of strong,
   clayey  earth;  stiff  and stubborn land. [Prov. Eng.] -- Tile kiln, a
   kiln in which tiles are burnt; a tilery. -- Tile ore (Min.), an earthy
   variety  of cuprite. -- Tile red, light red like the color of tiles or
   bricks.  --  Tile  tea, a kind of hard, flat brick tea. See Brick tea,
   under Brick.


   Tile, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tiled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tiling.]

   1. To cover with tiles; as, to tile a house.

   2. Fig.: To cover, as if with tiles.

     The  muscle,  sinew,  and  vein,  Which  tile this house, will come
     again. Donne.


   Tile"-drain`  (?), v. t. To drain by means of tiles; to furnish with a
   tile drain.


   Tile"fish`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) A large, edible, deep-water food fish
   (Lopholatilus  cham\'91leonticeps)  more  or less thickly covered with
   large, round, yellow spots.

     NOTE: &hand; It  was discovered off the Eastern coast of the United
     States  in  1880, and was abundant in 1881, but is believed to have
     become extinct in 1882.


   Til"er  (?),  n.  A  man  whose  occupation is to cover buildings with
   tiles. Bancroft.


   Til"er,  n.  [Of  uncertain  origin,  but probably from E. tile, n.] A
   doorkeeper  or  attendant  at  a  lodge  of  Freemasons. [Written also


   Til"er*y  (?),  n.; pl. Tileries (#). [From Tile; cf. F. tuilerie, fr.
   tuile  a  tile,  L. tegula.] A place where tiles are made or burned; a
   tile kiln.


   Tile"stone` (?), n.

   1. (Geol.) A kind of laminated shale or sandstone belonging to some of
   the layers of the Upper Silurian.

   2. A tile of stone.


   Til`i*a"ceous  (?),  a.  [OE.  tilia  the  linden  tree.]  (Bot.)  Of,
   pertaining  to, or resembling, a natural order of plants (Tiliace\'91)
   of  which  the  linden  (Tilia)  is  the type. The order includes many
   plants which furnish a valuable fiber, as the jute.


   Til"ing (?), n.

   1. A surface covered with tiles, or composed of tiles.

     They . . . let him down through the tiling. Luke v. 19.

   2. Tiles, collectively.


   Till (?), n. [Abbrev. from lentil.] A vetch; a tare. [Prov. Eng.]


   Till,  n. [Properly, a drawer, from OE. tillen to draw. See Tiller the
   lever  of a rudder.] A drawer. Specifically: (a) A tray or drawer in a
   chest. (b) A money drawer in a shop or store. Till alarm, a device for
   sounding an alarm when a money drawer is opened or tampered with.


   Till, n.

   1.  (Geol.)  A  deposit of clay, sand, and gravel, without lamination,
   formed  in  a  glacier  valley by means of the waters derived from the
   melting  glaciers;  -- sometimes applied to alluvium of an upper river
   terrace,  when  not  laminated, and appearing as if formed in the same

   2. A kind of coarse, obdurate land. Loudon.


   Till,  prep.  [OE. til, Icel. til; akin to Dan. til, Sw. till, OFries.
   til, also to AS. til good, excellent, G. ziel end, limit, object, OHG.
   zil,  Goth.  tils,  gatils, fit, convenient, and E. till to cultivate.
   See  Till,  v. t.] To; unto; up to; as far as; until; -- now used only
   in  respect  to  time, but formerly, also, of place, degree, etc., and
   still  so  used in Scotland and in parts of England and Ireland; as, I
   worked till four o'clock; I will wait till next week.

     He . . . came till an house. Chaucer.

     Women,  up till this Cramped under worse than South-sea-isle taboo.

     Similar  sentiments  will  recur  to  every  one  familiar with his
     writings -- all through them till the very end. Prof. Wilson.

   Till now, to the present time. -- Till then, to that time.

   Page 1509


   Till (?), conj. As far as; up to the place or degree that; especially,
   up to the time that; that is, to the time specified in the sentence or
   clause following; until.

     And said unto them, Occupy till I come. Luke xix. 13.

     Mediate  so  long  till  you  make  some act of prayer to God. Jer.

     There was no outbreak till the regiment arrived. Macaulay.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is use may be explained by supposing an ellipsis of
     when,  or  the  time  when,  the  proper conjunction or conjunctive
     adverb begin when.


   Till,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Tilled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tilling.] [OE.
   tilen,  tilien, AS. tilian, teolian, to aim, strive for, till; akin to
   OS.  tilian  to  get, D. telen to propagate, G. zielen to aim, ziel an
   end,  object,  and  perhaps  also  to  E. tide, time, from the idea of
   something fixed or definite. Cf. Teal, Till, prep..]

   1.  To plow and prepare for seed, and to sow, dress, raise crops from,
   etc., to cultivate; as, to till the earth, a field, a farm.

     No field nolde [would not] tilye. P. Plowman.

     the  Lord  God  sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the
     ground from whence he was taken. Gen. iii. 23.

   2. To prepare; to get. [Obs.] W. Browne.


   Till, v. i. To cultivate land. Piers Plowman.


   Till"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being tilled; fit for the plow; arable.


   Till"age (?), n.

   1.  The  operation,  practice, or art of tilling or preparing land for
   seed,  and  keeping  the  ground  in  a proper state for the growth of

   2. A place tilled or cultivated; cultivated land. Syn. -- Cultivation;
   culture; husbandry; farming; agriculture.


   Til*land"si*a  (?),  n. [NL. So named after Prof. Tillands, of Abo, in
   Finland.]  (Bot.)  A genus of epiphytic endogenous plants found in the
   Southern  United States and in tropical America. Tillandsia usneoides,
   called  long  moss,  black moss, Spanish moss, and Florida moss, has a
   very  slender  pendulous branching stem, and forms great hanging tufts
   on the branches of trees. It is often used for stuffing mattresses.


   Till"er  (?),  n.  [From  Till,  v. t.] One who tills; a husbandman; a
   cultivator; a plowman.


   Till"er, n. [AS. telgor a small branch. Cf. Till to cultivate.]

   1. (Bot.) (a) A shoot of a plant, springing from the root or bottom of
   the  original stalk; a sucker. (b) A sprout or young tree that springs
   from a root or stump.

   2. A young timber tree. [Prov. Eng.] Evelyn.


   Till"er, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Tillered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tillering.]
   To  put  forth  new  shoots  from the root, or round the bottom of the
   original  stalk;  as,  wheat  or  rye  tillers;  some spread plants by
   tillering. [Sometimes written tillow.]


   Till"er,  n. [From OE. tillen, tullen, to draw, pull; probably fr. AS.
   tyllan  in  fortyllan to lead astray; or cf. D. tillen to lift up. Cf.
   Till a drawer.]

   1. (Naut.) A lever of wood or metal fitted to the rudder head and used
   for  turning  side  to  side in steering. In small boats hand power is
   used;  in  large  vessels,  the tiller is moved by means of mechanical
   appliances. See Illust. of Rudder. Cf. 2d Helm, 1.

   2.  The  stalk,  or  handle,  of  a crossbow; also, sometimes, the bow
   itself. [Obs.]

     You can shoot in a tiller. Beau. & Fl.

   3. The handle of anything. [Prov. Eng.]

   4. A small drawer; a till. Dryden.
   Tiller rope (Naut.), a rope for turning a tiller. In a large vessel it
   forms  the  connection  between  the  fore  end  of the tiller and the
   steering wheel.

                          Tilley, n., OR Tilley seed

   Til"ley  (?),  n.,  OR  Til"ley seed` (?). (Bot.) The seeds of a small
   tree  (Croton  Pavana)  common  in  the Malay Archipelago. These seeds
   furnish  croton  oil,  like  those  of  Croton  Tiglium. [Written also


   Till"man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Tillmen  (.  A  man  who  tills the earth; a
   husbandman. [Obs.] Tusser.


   Til"lo*dont (?), n. One of the Tillodontia.


   Til`lo*don"ti*a  (?),  n.  pl.  (Paleon.) An extinct group of Mammalia
   found  fossil  in the Eocene formation. The species are related to the
   carnivores, ungulates, and rodents. Called also Tillodonta.


   Til"let  (?),  n.  A bag made of thin glazed muslin, used as a wrapper
   for dress goods. McElrath.


   Til"low (?), v. i. See 3d Tiller.


   Til"ly-val`ly  (?),  interj., adv., or a. A word of unknown origin and
   signification,  formerly  used  as  expressive  of  contempt,  or when
   anything  said  was  reject  as trifling or impertinent. [Written also
   tille-vally, tilly-fally, tille-fally, and otherwise.] Shak.


   Til"mus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Floccillation.


   Tilt  (?),  n.  [OE.  telt  (perhaps from the Danish), teld, AS. teld,
   geteld;  akin  to  OD.  telde,  G.  zelt,  Icel.  tjald,  Sw. t\'84lt,
   tj\'84ll, Dan. telt, and ASThe beteldan to cover.]

   1. A covering overhead; especially, a tent. Denham.

   2. The cloth covering of a cart or a wagon.

   3.  (Naut.) A cloth cover of a boat; a small canopy or awning extended
   over the sternsheets of a boat.
   Tilt  boat (Naut.), a boat covered with canvas or other cloth. -- Tilt
   roof (Arch.), a round-headed roof, like the canopy of a wagon.


   Tilt,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Tilted; p. pr. & vb. n. Tilting.] To cover
   with a tilt, or awning.


   Tilt,  v. t. [OE. tilten, tulten, to totter, fall, AS. tealt unstable,
   precarious;  akin  to tealtrian to totter, to vacillate, D. tel amble,
   ambling  pace,  G.  zelt,  Icel.  t\'94lt an ambling pace, t\'94lta to
   amble. Cf. Totter.]

   1. To incline; to tip; to raise one end of for discharging liquor; as,
   to tilt a barrel.

   2. To point or thrust, as a lance.

     Sons against fathers tilt the fatal lance. J. Philips.

   3. To point or thrust a weapon at. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.

   4.  To  hammer or forge with a tilt hammer; as, to tilt steel in order
   to render it more ductile.


   Tilt, v. i.

   1.  To  run or ride, and thrust with a lance; to practice the military
   game  or  exercise  of  thrusting  with  a  lance,  as  a combatant on
   horseback;  to  joust;  also, figuratively, to engage in any combat or
   movement resembling that of horsemen tilting with lances.

     He tilts With piercing steel at bold Mercutio's breast. Shak.

     Swords out, and tilting one at other's breast. Shak.

     But in this tournament can no man tilt. Tennyson.

     The fleet, swift tilting, o'er the Pope.

   2. To lean; to fall partly over; to tip.

     The  trunk  of the body is kept from tilting forward by the muscles
     of the back. Grew.


   Tilt (?), n.

   1. A thrust, as with a lance. Addison.

   2.  A military exercise on horseback, in which the combatants attacked
   each other with lances; a tournament.

   3. See Tilt hammer, in the Vocabulary.

   4. Inclination forward; as, the tilt of a cask.
   Full tilt, with full force. Dampier.


   Tilt"er (?), n.

   1. One who tilts, or jousts; hence, one who fights.

     Let me alone to match your tilter. Glanville.

   2. One who operates a tilt hammer.


   Tilth (?), n. [AS. til, fr. tilian to till. See Till to cultivate.]

   1.  The  state  of  being tilled, or prepared for a crop; culture; as,
   land is good tilth.

     The tilth and rank fertility of its golden youth. De Quincey.

   2. That which is tilled; tillage ground. [R.]

     And  so  by  tilth  and  grange  .  .  . We gained the mother city.

                                  Tilt hammer

   Tilt"  ham`mer  (?).  A  tilted  hammer;  a heavy hammer, used in iron
   works,  which  is  lifted  or  tilted  by  projections  or wipers on a
   revolving shaft; a trip hammer.


   Tilt"ing (?), n.

   1. The act of one who tilts; a tilt.

   2.  The  process  by  which blister steel is rendered ductile by being
   forged with a tilt hammer.
   Tilting  helmet,  a  helmet  of  large  size  and  unusual  weight and
   strength, worn at tilts.


   Tilt"-mill`  (?),  n. A mill where a tilt hammer is used, or where the
   process of tilting is carried on.

                                   Til tree

   Til" tree` (?). (Bot.) See Teil.


   Tilt"-up` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Tip-up.


   Tilt"-yard`  (?),  n.  A  yard or place for tilting. "The tilt-yard of
   Templestowe." Sir W. Scott.


   Ti"mal (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The blue titmouse. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tim"a*line (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the genus Timalus or
   family Timalid\'91, which includes the babblers thrushes, and bulbuls.


   Tim"bal (?), n. A kettledrum. See Tymbal.


   Tim"ber  (?),  n.  [Probably the same word as timber sort of wood; cf.
   Sw.  timber,  LG.  timmer,  MHG.  zimber,  G.  zimmer,  F. timbre, LL.
   timbrium.  Cf.  Timmer.] (Com.) A certain quantity of fur skins, as of
   martens,  ermines,  sables, etc., packed between boards; being in some
   cases  forty  skins,  in others one hundred and twenty; -- called also
   timmer. [Written also timbre.]


   Tim"ber,  n.  [F.  timbre.  See Timbre.] (Her.) The crest on a coat of
   arms. [Written also timbre.]


   Tim"ber, v. t. To surmount as a timber does. [Obs.]


   Tim"ber,  n.  [AS.  timbor,  timber,  wood,  building; akin to OFries.
   timber,  D.  timmer a room, G. zimmer, OHG. zimbar timber, a dwelling,
   room, Icel. timbr timber, Sw. timmer, Dan. t\'94mmer, Goth. timrjan to
   build,  timrja  a builder, L. domus a house, Gr. dama a house. \'fb62.
   Cf. Dome, Domestic.]

   1.  That  sort  of  wood  which  is proper for buildings or for tools,
   utensils,  furniture,  carriages,  fences,  ships,  and  the  like; --
   usually  said  of  felled  trees, but sometimes of those standing. Cf.
   Lumber, 3.

     And  ta'en  my fiddle to the gate, . . . And fiddled in the timber!

   2. The body, stem, or trunk of a tree.

   3. Fig.: Material for any structure.

     Such dispositions are the very errors of human nature; and yet they
     are the fittest timber to make politics of. Bacon.

   4.  A  single piece or squared stick of wood intended for building, or
   already  framed;  collectively,  the  larger pieces or sticks of wood,
   forming  the  framework  of  a  house,  ship,  or  other structure, in
   distinction from the covering or boarding.

     So they prepared timber . . . to build the house. 1 Kings v. 18.

     Many of the timbers were decayed. W. Coxe.

   5. Woods or forest; wooden land. [Western U.S.]

   6. (Shipbuilding) A rib, or a curving piece of wood, branching outward
   from  the  keel and bending upward in a vertical direction. One timber
   is composed of several pieces united.
   Timber  and  room.  (Shipbuilding)  Same  as Room and space. See under
   Room.  --  Timber  beetle  (Zo\'94l.),  any one of numerous species of
   beetles  the  larv\'91  of  which bore in timber; as, the silky timber
   beetle (Lymexylon sericeum). -- Timber doodle (Zo\'94l.), the American
   woodcock.  [Local,  U.S.]  -- Timber grouse (Zo\'94l.), any species of
   grouse that inhabits woods, as the ruffed grouse and spruce partridge;
   --  distinguished from prairie grouse. -- Timber hitch (Naut.), a kind
   of  hitch  used  for  temporarily  marking  fast a rope to a spar. See
   Illust.  under  Hitch. -- Timber mare, a kind of instrument upon which
   soldiers  were  formerly compelled to ride for punishment. Johnson. --
   Timber  scribe, a metal tool or pointed instrument for marking timber.
   Simmonds. -- Timber sow. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Timber worm, below. Bacon.
   -- Timber tree, a tree suitable for timber. -- Timber worm (Zo\'94l.),
   any  larval  insect which burrows in timber. -- Timber yard, a yard or
   place where timber is deposited.


   Tim"ber  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Timbered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Timbering.]  To  furnish  with  timber;  --  chiefly  used in the past

     His bark is stoutly timbered. Shak.


   Tim"ber, v. i.

   1. To light on a tree. [Obs.]

   2. (Falconry) To make a nest.


   Tim"bered (?), a.

   1.  Furnished  with  timber;  -- often compounded; as, a well-timbered
   house; a low-timbered house. L'Estrange.

   2. Built; formed; contrived. [R.] Sir H. Wotton.

   3. Massive, like timber. [Obs.]

     His timbered bones all broken, rudely rumbled. Spenser.

   4. Covered with growth timber; wooden; as, well-timbered land.


   Tim"ber*head`  (?),  n.  (Naut.) The top end of a timber, rising above
   the  gunwale,  and  serving  for  belaying ropes, etc.; -- called also
   kevel head.


   Tim"ber*ing,  n.  The  act  of  furnishing with timber; also, timbers,
   collectively; timberwork; timber.


   Tim"ber*ling (?), n. [Timber + -ling.] A small tree. [Eng.]


   Tim"ber*man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Timbermen  (.  (Mining) A man employed in
   placing supports of timber in a mine. Weale.


   Tim"ber*work` (?), n. Work made of timbers.


   Tim"bre (?), n. See 1st Timber.


   Tim"bre,  n.  [F.,  a  bell  to  be struck with a hammer, sound, tone,
   stamp, crest, in OF., a timbrel. Cf. Timbrel.]

   1. (Her.) The crest on a coat of arms.

   2.  (Mus.)  The  quality or tone distinguishing voices or instruments;
   tone  color;  clang tint; as, the timbre of the voice; the timbre of a
   violin. See Tone, and Partial tones, under Partial.


   Tim"brel  (?),  n.  [Dim.  of  OE. timbre, OF. timbre; probably fr. L.
   typmanum,  Gr.  tabl a drum; cf. Per. tambal a drum. See Tympanum, and
   cf.  2d  Timbre,  Tymbal.] (Mus.) A kind of drum, tabor, or tabret, in
   use from the highest antiquity.

     Miriam . . . took a timbrel in her hand, and all the women went out
     after her with timbrels and with dances. Ex. xv. 20.

                             Timbreled, Timbrelled

   Tim"breled,  Tim"brelled (?), a. Sung to the sound of the timbrel. "In
   vain with timbreled anthems dark." Milton.


   Tim`bu*rine" (?), n. A tambourine. [Obs.]


   Time  (?),  n.;  pl. Times (#). [OE. time, AS. t\'c6ma, akin to t\'c6d
   time,  and to Icel. t\'c6mi, Dan. time an hour, Sw. timme. \'fb58. See
   Tide, n.]

   1.  Duration, considered independently of any system of measurement or
   any employment of terms which designate limited portions thereof.

     The time wasteth [i. e. passes away] night and day. Chaucer.

     I  know  of no ideas . . . that have a better claim to be accounted
     simple and original than those of space and time. Reid.

   2.  A particular period or part of duration, whether past, present, or
   future; a point or portion of duration; as, the time was, or has been;
   the time is, or will be.

     God,  who  at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past
     unto the fathers by the prophets. Heb. i. 1.

   3.  The  period at which any definite event occurred, or person lived;
   age;  period; era; as, the Spanish Armada was destroyed in the time of
   Queen  Elizabeth;  --  often  in the plural; as, ancient times; modern

   4.  The  duration of one's life; the hours and days which a person has
   at his disposal.

     Believe  me,  your  time  is  not  your  own; it belongs to God, to
     religion, to mankind. Buckminster.

   5. A proper time; a season; an opportunity.

     There is . . . a time to every purpose. Eccl. iii. 1.

     The time of figs was not yet. Mark xi. 13.

   6. Hour of travail, delivery, or parturition.

     She was within one month of her time. Clarendon.

   7.  Performance  or  occurrence of an action or event, considered with
   reference  to  repetition; addition of a number to itself; repetition;
   as, to double cloth four times; four times four, or sixteen.

     Summers three times eight save one. Milton.

   8.  The  present  life;  existence  in  this  world as contrasted with
   immortal life; definite, as contrasted with infinite, duration.

     Till time and sin together cease. Keble.

   9. (Gram.) Tense.

   10.  (Mus.)  The  measured duration of sounds; measure; tempo; rate of
   movement; rhythmical division; as, common or triple time; the musician
   keeps good time.

     Some few lines set unto a solemn time. Beau. & Fl.

     NOTE: &hand; Ti me is  of ten us ed in  the formation of compounds,
     mostly    self-explaining;   as,   time-battered,   time-beguiling,
     time-consecrated,   time-consuming,   time-enduring,  time-killing,
     time-sanctioned, time-scorner, time-wasting, time-worn, etc.

   Absolute time, time irrespective of local standards or epochs; as, all
   spectators  see  a lunar eclipse at the same instant of absolute time.
   --  Apparent  time, the time of day reckoned by the sun, or so that 12
   o'clock at the place is the instant of the transit of the sun's center
   over  the  meridian. -- Astronomical time, mean solar time reckoned by
   counting the hours continuously up to twenty-four from one noon to the
   next.  --  At  times, at distinct intervals of duration; now and then;
   as, at times he reads, at other times he rides. -- Civil time, time as
   reckoned  for  the  purposes  of  common  life in distinct periods, as
   years,  months,  days,  hours,  etc.,  the  latter,  among most modern
   nations,  being  divided into two series of twelve each, and reckoned,
   the  first  series  from  midnight  to  noon, the second, from noon to
   midnight.  --  Common  time  (Mil.), the ordinary time of marching, in
   which  ninety  steps, each twenty-eight inches in length, are taken in
   one  minute.  --  Equation of time. See under Equation, n. -- In time.
   (a)  In good season; sufficiently early; as, he arrived in time to see
   the   exhibition.   (b)   After  a  considerable  space  of  duration;
   eventually;  finally;  as,  you  will  in time recover your health and
   strength. -- Mean time. See under 4th Mean. -- Quick time (Mil.), time
   of marching, in which one hundred and twenty steps, each thirty inches
   in  length,  are  taken  in  one  minute.  -- Sidereal time. See under
   Sidereal.  --  Standard time, the civil time that has been established
   by  law  or  by general usage over a region or country. In England the
   standard  time  is Greenwich mean solar time. In the United States and
   Canada  four kinds of standard time have been adopted by the railroads
   and  accepted  by  the  people,  viz., Eastern, Central, Mountain, and
   Pacific  time,  corresponding severally to the mean local times of the
   75th,  90th, 105th, and 120th meridians west from Greenwich, and being
   therefore  five,  six,  seven,  and  eight hours slower than Greenwich
   time. -- Time ball, a ball arranged to drop from the summit of a pole,
   to  indicate  true  midday time, as at Greenwich Observatory, England.
   Nichol.  --  Time  bargain  (Com.),  a  contract  made for the sale or
   purchase of merchandise, or of stock in the public funds, at a certain
   time in the future.<-- = a futures contract? --> -- Time bill. Same as
   Time-table.  [Eng.]  -- Time book, a book in which is kept a record of
   the  time  persons have worked. -- Time detector, a timepiece provided
   with  a  device  for  registering and indicating the exact time when a
   watchman  visits  certain  stations  in  his  beat. -- Time enough, in
   season;  early  enough.  "Stanly  at  Bosworth  field, . . . came time
   enough  to  save  his  life."  Bacon.  -- Time fuse, a fuse, as for an
   explosive projectile, which can be so arranged as to ignite the charge
   at  a  certain  definite  interval after being itself ignited. -- Time
   immemorial,  OR  Time out of mind. (Eng. Law) See under Immemorial. --
   Time  lock,  a  lock  having clockwork attached, which, when wound up,
   prevents  the  bolt  from being withdrawn when locked, until a certain
   interval  of  time has elapsed. -- Time of day, salutation appropriate
   to  the  times  of the day, as "good morning," "good evening," and the
   like;  greeting.  --  To  kill  time. See under Kill, v. t. -- To make
   time. (a) To gain time. (b) To occupy or use (a certain) time in doing
   something;  as, the trotting horse made fast time. -- To move, run, OR
   go,  against  time,  to  move,  run,  or go a given distance without a
   competitor,  in  the  quickest  possible  time;  or, to accomplish the
   greatest  distance  which  can be passed over in a given time; as, the
   horse is to run against time. -- True time. (a) Mean time as kept by a
   clock  going  uniformly.  (b) (Astron.) Apparent time as reckoned from
   the transit of the sun's center over the meridian.

   Page 1510


   Time (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Timed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Timing.]

   1.  To appoint the time for; to bring, begin, or perform at the proper
   season or time; as, he timed his appearance rightly.

     There  is  no  greater  wisdom than well to time the beginnings and
     onsets of things. Bacon.

   2.  To  regulate  as  to time; to accompany, or agree with, in time of

     Who overlooked the oars, and timed the stroke. Addison.

     He  was  a  thing of blood, whose every motion Was timed with dying
     cries. Shak.

   3.  To ascertain or record the time, duration, or rate of; as, to time
   the speed of horses, or hours for workmen.

   4. To measure, as in music or harmony.


   Time, v. i.

   1. To keep or beat time; to proceed or move in time.

     With oar strokes timing to their song. Whittier.

   2. To pass time; to delay. [Obs.]


   Time"ful (?), a. Seasonable; timely; sufficiently early. [Obs.] Sir W.


   Time"-hon`ored  (?), a. Honored for a long time; venerable, and worthy
   of honor, by reason of antiquity, or long continuance.


   Time"keep`er (?), n.

   1. A clock, watch, or other chronometer; a timepiece.

   2.  A  person  who  keeps,  marks,  regulates, or determines the time.
   Specifically:  -- (a) A person who keeps a record of the time spent by
   workmen at their work. (b) One who gives the time for the departure of
   conveyances.  (c)  One who marks the time in musical performances. (d)
   One appointed to mark and declare the time of participants in races or
   other contests.


   Time"less, a.

   1. Done at an improper time; unseasonable; untimely. [R.]

     Nor fits it to prolong the heavenly feast Timeless, indecent. Pope.

   2.  Done or occurring before the proper time; premature; immature; as,
   a timeless grave. [Obs.]

     Must I behold thy timeless, cruel death? Shak.

   3.  Having no end; interminable; unending. "Timeless night and chaos."


   Time"less*ly, adv. In a timeless manner; unseasonably. [R.] Milton.


   Time"li*ness   (?),   n.   The  quality  or  state  of  being  timely;
   seasonableness; opportuneness.


   Time"ling (?), n. A timeserver. [Obs.]


   Time"ly, a. [Compar. Timelier (?); superl. Timeliest.]

   1.  Being  or  occurring in good time; sufficiently early; seasonable.
   "The timely dew of sleep." Milton. 

   2. Keeping time or measure. Spenser.


   Time"ly, adv. Early; soon; in good season.

     Timely advised, the coming evil shun. Prior.

     Thanks  to you, That called me timelier than my purpose hither, For
     I have gained by it. Shak.


   Ti*men"o*guy  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  A  rope  carried taut between or over
   obstacles  likely  to  engage or foul the running rigging in working a


   Time"ous  (?),  a.  Timely;  seasonable. [R. or Scot.] -- Time"ous*ly,
   adv. [R. or Scot.]


   Time"piece` (?), n. A clock, watch, or other instrument, to measure or
   show the progress of time; a chronometer.


   Time"pleas`er  (?),  n.  One  who  complies  with prevailing opinions,
   whatever they may be; a timeserver.

     Timepleasers, flatterers, foes to nobleness. Shak.


   Tim"er  (?),  n.  A  timekeeper;  especially,  a  watch by which small
   intervals  of  time  can be measured; a kind of stop watch. It is used
   for timing the speed of horses, machinery, etc.


   Time"sav`ing (?), a. Saving time; as, a timesaving expedient.


   Time"serv`er  (?),  n.  One who adapts his opinions and manners to the
   times;  one  who  obsequiously  compiles with the ruling power; -- now
   used only in a bad sense.


   Time"serv`ing, a. Obsequiously complying with the spirit of the times,
   or the humors of those in power.


   Time"serv`ing,  n.  An  obsequious  compliance  with the spirit of the
   times,  or  the humors of those in power, which implies a surrender of
   one's   independence,  and  sometimes  of  one's  integrity.  Syn.  --
   Temporizing. -- Timeserving, Temporizing. Both these words are applied
   to  the  conduct  of  one  who  adapts  himself servilely to times and
   seasons. A timeserver is rather active, and a temporizer, passive. One
   whose  policy  is  timeserving comes forward to act upon principles or
   opinions  which  may  promote  his advancement; one who is temporizing
   yields  to  the  current of public sentiment or prejudice, and shrinks
   from a course of action which might injure him with others. The former
   is dishonest; the latter is weak; and both are contemptible.

     Trimming  and  timeserving,  which  are  but two words for the same
     thing, . . . produce confusion. South.

     [I]  pronounce  thee  .  . . a hovering temporizer, that Canst with
     thine eyes at once see good and evil, Inclining to them both. Shak.


   Time"-ta`ble (?), n.

   1.  A tabular statement of the time at which, or within which, several
   things  are  to  take  place,  as  the  recitations  in  a school, the
   departure  and arrival of railroad trains or other public conveyances,
   the rise and fall of the tides, etc.

   2.  (Railroad)  A  plane  surface  divided in one direction with lines
   representing   hours   and  minutes,  and  in  the  other  with  lines
   representing  miles,  and  having  diagonals (usually movable strings)
   representing the speed and position of various trains.

   3.  (Mus.)  A  table  showing the notation, length, or duration of the
   several notes.


   Tim"id (?), a. [L. timidus, fr. timere to fear; cf. Skr. tam to become
   breathless,  to  become  stupefief: cf. F. timide.] Wanting courage to
   meet danger; easily frightened; timorous; not bold; fearful; shy.

     Poor is the triumph o'er the timid hare. Thomson.

   Syn.   --   Fearful;   timorous;   afraid;   cowardly;  pusillanimous;
   faint-hearted; shrinking; retiring. -- Tim"id*ly, adv. -- Tim"id*ness,


   Ti*mid"i*ty (?), n. [L. timiditas: cf. F. timidit\'82.] The quality or
   state of being timid; timorousness; timidness.


   Tim"id*ous (?), a. Timid. [Obs.] Hudibras.


   Tim"ist (?), n. [Written also timeist.]

   1. (Mus.) A performer who keeps good time.

   2. A timeserver. [Obs.] Overbury.


   Tim"mer (?), n. Same as 1st Timber. [Scot.]


   Ti*moc"ra*cy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  timocratie.] (Gr. Antiq.) (a) A state in
   which  the  love  of  honor is the ruling motive. (b) A state in which
   honors are distributed according to a rating of property.


   Ti`mo*crat"ic  (?), a. Belonging to, or constituted by, timocracy. Sir
   G. C. Lewis.


   Tim`o*neer"  (?),  n.  [F.  timonier,  fr.  timon a helm, fr. L. temo,
   -onis, a pole.] A helmsman. [R.]


   Tim"or*ous  (?), a. [LL. timorosus, from L. timor fear; akin to timere
   to fear. See Timid.]

   1. Fearful of danger; timid; deficient in courage. Shak.

   2.  Indicating, or caused by, fear; as, timorous doubts. "The timorous
   apostasy   of   chuchmen."   Milman.   --   Tim"or*ous*ly,   adv.   --
   Tim"or*ous*ness, n.


   Tim"or*some   (?),  a.  Easily  frightened;  timorous.  [Written  also
   timersome.] [Scot.] Sir W. Scott.

                         Timothy, n., OR Timothy grass

   Tim"o*thy  (?), n., OR Tim"o*thy grass` (?). [From Timothy Hanson, who
   carried  the  seed  from New England to Maryland about 1720.] (Bot.) A
   kind  of  grass  (Phleum  pratense)  with  long cylindrical spikes; --
   called  also  herd's  grass,  in England, cat's-tail grass, and meadow
   cat's-tail  grass.  It  is much prized for fodder. See Illustration in


   Tim"ous  (?),  a.  [Cf. Timeous.] Timely; seasonable. [Obs.] Bacon. --
   Tim"ous*ly, adv. [Obs.]


   Tim"pa*no (?), n.; pl. Timpani (#). [It.] (Mus.) See Tympano.


   Tim"-whis`key (?), n. A kind of carriage. See Whiskey. Southery.


   Tin  (?), n. [As. tin; akin to D. tin, G. zinn, OHG. zin, Icel. & Dan.
   tin, Sw. tenn; of unknown origin.]

   1.  (Chem.)  An  elementary substance found as an oxide in the mineral
   cassiterite,  and reduced as a soft white crystalline metal, malleable
   at  ordinary  temperatures,  but brittle when heated. It is not easily
   oxidized  in  the  air, and is used chiefly to coat iron to protect it
   from  rusting,  in  the  form  of  tin  foil  with mercury to form the
   reflective  surface of mirrors, and in solder, bronze, speculum metal,
   and  other  alloys.  Its  compounds  are  designated  as  stannous, or
   stannic. Symbol Sn (Stannum). Atomic weight 117.4.

   2. Thin plates of iron covered with tin; tin plate.

   3. Money. [Cant] Beaconsfield.
   Block  tin  (Metal.),  commercial tin, cast into blocks, and partially
   refined,  but  containing  small  quantities of various impurities, as
   copper, lead, iron, arsenic, etc.; solid tin as distinguished from tin
   plate;  --  called  also  bar  tin.  -- Butter of tin. (Old Chem.) See
   Fuming  liquor  of  Libavius, under Fuming. -- Grain tin. (Metal.) See
   under Grain. -- Salt of tin (Dyeing), stannous chloride, especially so
   called when used as a mordant. -- Stream tin. See under Stream. -- Tin
   cry  (Chem.),  the  peculiar  creaking noise made when a bar of tin is
   bent.  It  is  produced by the grating of the crystal granules on each
   other. -- Tin foil, tin reduced to a thin leaf. -- Tin frame (Mining),
   a  kind  of buddle used in washing tin ore. -- Tin liquor, Tin mordant
   (Dyeing),  stannous  chloride,  used as a mordant in dyeing and calico
   printing.  -- Tin penny, a customary duty in England, formerly paid to
   tithingmen  for  liberty  to  dig  in tin mines. [Obs.] Bailey. -- Tin
   plate, thin sheet iron coated with tin. -- Tin pyrites. See Stannite.


   Tin  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tinned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tinning.] To
   cover with tin or tinned iron, or to overlay with tin foil.


   Ti*nam"i*des  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) A division of struthious
   birds, including the tinamous.


   Tin"a*mou  (?), n. [From the native name: cf. F. tinamous.] (Zo\'94l.)
   Any  one  of  several  species  of  South  American birds belonging to
   Tinamus and allied genera.

     NOTE: &hand; In  general appearance and habits they resemble grouse
     and partridges, but in anatomical characters they are allied to the
     ostriches  and  other struthious birds. Their wings are of moderate
     length, and they are able to fly a considerable distance.


   Tin"cal  (?),  n. [Ar., Per. & Hind. tink\'ber; cf. Malay tingkal; all
   fr.  Skr.  .  Cf.  Altincar.]  (Chem.)  Crude  native  borax, formerly
   imported from Thibet. It was once the chief source of boric compounds.
   Cf. Borax.


   Tin"chel  (?), n. [Written also tinchill.] [Gael. timchioll a circuit,
   compass.]  A  circle  of  sportsmen,  who, by surrounding an extensive
   space and gradually closing in, bring a number of deer and game within
   a narrow compass. [Scot.]

     We'll quell the savage mountaineer, As their tinchel cows the game!
     Sir W. Scott.


   Tinct  (?),  a.  [L.  tinctus,  p.p.  of tingere to tinge. See Tinge.]
   Tined; tinged. [Archaic] Spenser.


   Tinct, n. [See Tint.] Color; tinge; tincture; tint. [Archaic] "Blue of
   heaven's own tinct." Shak.

     All  the  devices  blazoned  on  the  shield,  In  their own tinct.


   Tinct,  v.  t.  [See  Tinge.]  To  color or stain; to imblue; to tint.
   [Archaic] Bacon.


   Tinc*to"ri*al  (?),  a.  [L. tinctorius, from tinctor a dyer, tingere,
   tinctum,  to  dye:  cf.  F.  tinctorial. See Tinge.] Of or relating to
   color or colors; imparting a color; as, tinctorial matter. Ure.


   Tinc"ture  (?),  n.  [L.  tinctura a dyeing, from tingere, tinctum, to
   tinge,  dye: cf. OE. tainture, teinture, F. teinture, L. tinctura. See

   1. A tinge or shade of color; a tint; as, a tincture of red.

   2. (Her.) One of the metals, colors, or furs used in armory.

     NOTE: &hand; There are two metals: gold, called or, and represented
     in  engraving  by  a  white  surface  covered  with small dots; and
     silver,  called  argent,  and represented by a plain white surface.
     The  colors  and  their representations are as follows: red, called
     gules,  or  a  shading  of  vertical  lines; blue, called azure, or
     horizontal  lines;  black, called sable, or horizontal and vertical
     lines  crossing;  green, called vert, or diagonal lines from dexter
     chief  corner;  purple,  called  purpure,  or  diagonal  lines from
     sinister  chief  corner.  The  furs  are ermine, ermines, erminois,
     pean,   vair,   counter  vair,  potent,  and  counter  potent.  See
     Illustration in Appendix.

   3.  The  finer  and more volatile parts of a substance, separated by a
   solvent;  an extract of a part of the substance of a body communicated
   to the solvent.

   4.  (Med.)  A  solution  (commonly  colored) of medicinal substance in
   alcohol,  usually  more  or  less diluted; spirit containing medicinal
   substances in solution.

     NOTE: &hand; Ac cording to  th e United States Pharmacop\'d2ia, the
     term  tincture  (also  called  alcoholic  tincture,  and spirituous
     tincture)  is  reserved  for the alcoholic solutions of nonvolatile
     substances, alcoholic solutions of volatile substances being called

   Ethereal tincture, a solution of medicinal substance in ether.

   5.  A  slight  taste  superadded  to  any substance; as, a tincture of
   orange peel.

   6.  A  slight  quality  added  to anything; a tinge; as, a tincture of
   French manners.

     All manners take a tincture from our own. Pope.

     Every  man  had  a slight tincture of soldiership, and scarcely any
     man more than a slight tincture. Macaulay.


   Tinc"ture,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Tinctured  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  communicate a slight foreign color to; to tinge; to impregnate
   with some extraneous matter.

     A  little black paint will tincture and spoil twenty gay colors. I.

   2.  To imbue the mind of; to communicate a portion of anything foreign
   to; to tinge.

     The  stain  of  habitual  sin may thoroughly tincture all our soul.


   Tind  (?),  v.  t. [OE. tenden, AS. tendan; akin to G. z\'81nden, OHG.
   zunten,  Icel.  tendra,  Sw. t\'84nda, Dan. t\'91nde, Goth. tandjan to
   kindle, tundnan to be kindled, to burn. Cf. Tinder.] To kindle. [Obs.]
   Bp. Sanderson.


   Tin"dal (?), n. [From the native name: cf. Malayalam ta.]

   1.  A  petty  officer  among lascars, or native East Indian sailors; a
   boatswain's mate; a cockswain. [India] Malcom.

   2. An attendant on an army. [India] Simmonds.


   Tin"der  (?),  n.  [OE.  tinder,  tunder,  AS. tynder, tyndre; akin to
   tendan  to  kindle, D. tonder tinder, G. zunder, OHG. zuntara, zuntra,
   Icel.  tundr,  Sw.  tunder,  Dan. t\'94nder. See Tind.] Something very
   inflammable,  used  for kindling fire from a spark, as scorched linen.
   German tinder. Same as Amadou. -- Tinder box, a box in which tinder is

   Page 1511


   Tine  (?),  n.  [See Teen affliction.] Trouble; distress; teen. [Obs.]
   "Cruel winter's tine." Spenser.


   Tine,  v.  t.  [See Tind.] To kindle; to set on fire. [Obs.] See Tind.
   "To tine the cloven wood." Dryden.

     Coals of contention and hot vegneance tind. Spenser.


   Tine,  v.  i.  [Cf.  Tine  distress, or Tine to kindle.] To kindle; to
   rage; to smart. [Obs.]

     Ne  was  there  slave, ne was there medicine That mote recure their
     wounds; so inly they did tine. Spenser.


   Tine,  v.  t.  [AS.  t, from t an inclosure. See Town.] To shut in, or
   inclose. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Tine,  n.  [OE.  tind,  AS.  tind; akin to MHG. zint, Icel. tindr, Sw.
   tinne,  and probably to G. zinne a pinnacle, OHG. zinna, and E. tooth.
   See Tooth.] A tooth, or spike, as of a fork; a prong, as of an antler.


   Tin"e*a (?), n. [L., a worm, a moth.]

   1.  (Med.)  A name applied to various skin diseases, but especially to
   ringworm. See Ringworm, and Sycosis.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus  of  small Lepidoptera, including the clothes
   moths and carpet moths.


   Tin"e*an  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any species of Tinea, or of the family
   Tineid\'91,  which  includes  numerous  small moths, many of which are
   injurious  to woolen and fur goods and to cultivated plants. Also used


   Tined (?), a. Furnished with tines; as, a three-tined fork.


   Tin"e*id (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Tinean.


   Tine"man  (?),  n.; pl. Tinemen (#). [Probably akin to tine to shut or
   inclose.]  (O.  Eng.  Forest Law) An officer of the forest who had the
   care of vert and venison by night. [Obs.]


   Ti"net  (?),  n. [From Tine to shut in, inclose.] Brushwood and thorns
   for making and repairing hedges. [Obs. Eng.]


   Ting  (?),  n.  [An  imitative word. Cf. Tink.] A sharp sound, as of a
   bell; a tinkling.


   Ting, v. i. To sound or ring, as a bell; to tinkle. [R.] Holland.


   Ting, n. The apartment in a Chinese temple where the idol is kept.


   Tinge  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Tinged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tingeing
   (?).]  [L. tingere, tinctum, to dye, stain, wet; akin to Gr. tunken to
   dip,  OHG.  tunch\'d3n,  dunch\'d3n,  thunk\'d3n. Cf. Distain, Dunker,
   Stain,  Taint  a  stain,  to  stain,  Tincture,  Tint.]  To  imbue  or
   impregnate  with  something  different  or  foreign;  as,  to  tinge a
   decoction  with  a  bitter  taste;  to  affect in some degree with the
   qualities  of  another substance, either by mixture, or by application
   to  the surface; especially, to color slightly; to stain; as, to tinge
   a  blue  color  with  red;  an  infusion tinged with a yellow color by

     His  [Sir Roger's] virtues, as well as imperfections, are tinged by
     a certain extravagance. Addison.

   Syn. -- To color; dye; stain.


   Tinge,  n. A degree, usually a slight degree, of some color, taste, or
   something foreign, infused into another substance or mixture, or added
   to it; tincture; color; dye; hue; shade; taste.

     His  notions,  too,  respecting the government of the state, took a
     tinge  from  his  notions  respecting the government of the church.


   Tin"gent  (?),  a. [L. tingens, p.pr. of tingere to tinge. See Tinge.]
   Having the power to tinge. [R.]

     As  for  the  white  part,  it  appears much less enriched with the
     tingent property. Boyle.


   Tin"ger (?), n. One who, or that which, tinges.


   Tin"gid (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the genus Tingis.


   Tin"gis  (?), n. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of small hemipterous insects
   which   injure   trees  by  sucking  the  sap  from  the  leaves.  See
   Illustration in Appendix.


   Tin"gle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Tingled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tingling
   (?).] [Freq. of ting. Cf. Tinkle.]

   1.  To  feel  a  kind  of  thrilling sensation, as in hearing a shrill

     At which both the ears of every one that heareth it shall tingle. 1
     Sam. iii. 11.

   2. To feel a sharp, thrilling pain.

     The pale boy senator yet tingling stands. Pope.

   3.  To  have,  or  to cause, a sharp, thrilling sensation, or a slight
   pricking sensation.

     They suck pollution through their tingling vein. Tickell.


   Tink (?), v. i. [OE. tinken; of imitative origin. Cf. Ting a tinkling,
   Tinker.]  To  make  a  sharp,  shrill noise; to tinkle. Wyclif (1 Cor.
   xiii. 1).


   Tink, n. A sharp, quick sound; a tinkle.


   Tink"er  (?),  n.  [From Tink, because the tinker's way of proclaiming
   his  trade  is  to  beat  a  kettle, or because in his work he makes a
   tinkling noise. Johnson.]

   1. A mender of brass kettles, pans, and other metal ware. "Tailors and
   tinkers." Piers Plowman.

   2. One skilled in a variety of small mechanical work.

   3. (Ordnance) A small mortar on the end of a staff.

   4.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) A young mackerel about two years old. (b) The chub
   mackerel. (c) The silversides. (d) A skate. [Prov. Eng.]

   5. (Zo\'94l.) The razor-billed auk.


   Tink"er, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tinkered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tinkering.]
   To mend or solder, as metal wares; hence, more generally, to mend.


   Tink"er,  v. i. To busy one's self in mending old kettles, pans, etc.;
   to play the tinker; to be occupied with small mechanical works.


   Tink"er*ing, n. The act or work of a tinker.


   Tink"er*ly, a. After the manner of a tinker. [R.]

                              Tinkershire, Tinkle

   Tink"er*shire  (?),  Tin"kle  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The common guillemot.
   [Prov. Eng.]


   Tin"kle (?), v. i. [Freq. of tink. See Tink, Tingle.]

   1.  To  make, or give forth, small, quick, sharp sounds, as a piece of
   metal does when struck; to clink.

     As sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. 1 Cor. xiii. 1.

     The  sprightly  horse  Moves  to  the  music of his tinkling bells.

   2. To hear, or resound with, a small, sharp sound.

     And his ears tinkled, and the color fled. Dryden.


   Tin"kle,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Tinkled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tinkling.]
   To cause to clonk, or make small, sharp, quick sounds.


   Tin"kle,  n.  A  small,  sharp,  quick sound, as that made by striking
   metal. Cowper.


   Tin"kler (?), n. A tinker. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tin"kling (?), n.

   1. A tinkle, or succession of tinkles.

     Drowsy tinklings lull the distant folds. Gray.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  A grackle (Quiscalus crassirostris) native of Jamaica.
   It often associates with domestic cattle, and rids them of insects.


   Tin"man (?), n.; pl. Tinmen (. A manufacturer of tin vessels; a dealer
   in tinware.


   Tin"mouth` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The crappie. [U.S.]


   Tinned (?), a.

   1. Covered, or plated, with tin; as, a tinned roof; tinned iron.

   2.  Packed  in  tin cases; canned; as, tinned meats. Cassell (Dict. of


   Tin"nen (?), a. Made or consisting of tin. [Obs.]


   Tin"ner (?), n.

   1. One who works in a tin mine.

   2. One who makes, or works in, tinware; a tinman.


   Tin"ni*ent  (?),  a.  [L. tinniens, p.pr. of tinnire to ring, tinkle.]
   Emitting a clear sound. [Obs.]


   Tin"ning (?), n.

   1.  The  act,  art,  or  process  of covering or coating anything with
   melted  tin,  or  with  tin  foil, as kitchen utensils, locks, and the

   2. The covering or lining of tin thus put on.


   Tin*ni"tus  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr.  tinnire to jingle.] (Med.) A ringing,
   whistling,  or  other imaginary noise perceived in the ears; -- called
   also tinnitus aurium.


   Tin"nock (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The blue titmouse. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tin"ny (?), a. Pertaining to, abounding with, or resembling, tin. "The
   tinny strand." Drayton.


   Tin"sel   (?),  n.  [F.  \'82tincelle  a  spark,  OF.  estincelle,  L.
   scintilla. Cf. Scintillate, Stencil.]

   1. A shining material used for ornamental purposes; especially, a very
   thin,  gauzelike  cloth  with much gold or silver woven into it; also,
   very  thin metal overlaid with a thin coating of gold or silver, brass
   foil, or the like.

     Who can discern the tinsel from the gold? Dryden.

   2.  Something  shining  and gaudy; something superficially shining and
   showy, or having a false luster, and more gay than valuable.

     O happy peasant! O unhappy bard! His the mere tinsel, hers the rich
     reward. Cowper.


   Tin"sel,  a.  Showy  to  excess; gaudy; specious; superficial. "Tinsel
   trappings." Milton.


   Tin"sel,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Tinseled (?) or Tinselled; p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Tinseling  or  Tinselling.] To adorn with tinsel; to deck out with
   cheap but showy ornaments; to make gaudy.

     She, tinseled o'er in robes of varying hues. Pope.


   Tin"sel*ly, a. Like tinsel; gaudy; showy, but cheap.


   Tin"sel*ly, adv. In a showy and cheap manner.


   Tin"smith` (?), n. One who works in tin; a tinner.


   Tin"stone` (?), n. (Min.) Cassiterite.


   Tint (?), n. [For older tinct, fr. L. tinctus, p.p. of tingere to dye:
   cf.  F.  teinte,  teint, It. tinta, tinto. See Tinge, and cf. Taint to
   stain,  a  stain,  Tent  a  kind  of  wine, Tinto.] A slight coloring.
   Specifically: -- (a) A pale or faint tinge of any color.

     Or blend in beauteous tints the colored mass. Pope.

     Their vigor sickens, and their tints decline. Harte.

   (b)  A  color  considered with reference to other very similar colors;
   as,  red  and blue are different colors, but two shades of scarlet are
   different  tints.  (c)  (Engraving)  A  shaded  effect produced by the
   juxtaposition of many fine parallel lines. Tint tool (Eng.), a species
   of  graver  used for cutting the parallel lines which produce tints in


   Tint,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tinted; p. pr. & vb. n. Tinting.] To give a
   slight coloring to; to tinge.


   Tin`ta*mar"  (?),  n. [F. tintamarre.] A hideous or confused noise; an
   uproar. [Obs.] Howell.


   Tin"ter*nell (?), n. A certain old dance. [Obs.] Halliwell.


   Tin"tle (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The wren. [Prov. Eng.]

                         Tintinnabular, Tintinnabulary

   Tin`tin*nab"u*lar  (?), Tin`tin*nab"u*la*ry (?), a. [L. tintinnabuluma
   little  bell,  fr.  tintinnare to ring, to jingle, tinnire to jingle.]
   Having or making the sound of a bell; tinkling.


   Tin`tin*nab`u*la"tion (?), n. A tinkling sound, as of a bell or bells.


   Tin`tin*nab"u*lous  (?),  a.  Of,  pertaining  to,  or resembling, the
   tinkling  of  a  bell;  having  a  tinkling  sound;  tintinnabular. De


   Tin"to (?), n. [Pg., tinged, fr. L. tinctus, p.p. of tingere to tinge.
   See  Tint, n.] A red Madeira wine, wanting the high aroma of the white
   sorts, and, when old, resembling tawny port.


   Tin"type` (?), n. Same as Ferrotype.


   Tin"ware` (?), n. Articles made of tinned iron.


   Ti"ny  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Tinier (?); superl. Tiniest.] [Probably fr.
   tine, teen, trouble, distress, vexation.] Very small; little; puny.

     When that I was and a little tiny boy. Shak.


   Tip  (?),  n.  [Akin  to D. & Dan. tip, LG. & Sw. tipp, G. zipfel, and
   probably to E. tap a plug, a pipe.]

   1.  The  point or extremity of anything; a pointed or somewhat sharply
   rounded end; the end; as, the tip of the finger; the tip of a spear.

     To the very tip of the nose. Shak.

   2. An end piece or part; a piece, as a cap, nozzle, ferrule, or point,
   applied  to  the extreme end of anything; as, a tip for an umbrella, a
   shoe, a gas burner, etc.

   3.  (Hat Manuf.) A piece of stiffened lining pasted on the inside of a
   hat crown.

   4.  A  thin,  boarded  brush  made of camel's hair, used by gilders in
   lifting gold leaf.

   5. Rubbish thrown from a quarry.


   Tip  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tipped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tipping.] To
   form  a  point  upon;  to  cover  the  tip, top, or end of; as, to tip
   anything with gold or silver.

     With truncheon tipped with iron head. Hudibras.

     Tipped  with  jet,  Fair  ermines spotless as the snows they press.


   Tip,  v.  t.  [Cf.  LG. tippen to tap, Sw. tippa, and E. tap to strike

   1. To strike slightly; to tap.

     A third rogue tips me by the elbow. Swift.

   2.  To  bestow  a gift, or douceur, upon; to give a present to; as, to
   tip a servant. [Colloq.] Thackeray.

   3.  To lower one end of, or to throw upon the end; to tilt; as, to tip
   a cask; to tip a cart.
   To tip off, to pour out, as liquor. -- To tip over, to overturn. -- To
   tip the wink, to direct a wink; to give a hint or suggestion by, or as
   by, a wink. [Slang] Pope. -- To tip up, to turn partly over by raising
   one end.


   Tip, v. i. To fall on, or incline to, one side. Bunyan. To tip off, to
   fall off by tipping.


   Tip, n. [See Tip to strike slightly, and cf. Tap a slight blow.]

   1. A light touch or blow; a tap.

   2. A gift; a douceur; a fee. [Colloq.]

   3. A hint, or secret intimation, as to the chances in a horse race, or
   the like. [Sporting Cant]


   Tip"cart`  (?),  n.  A cart so constructed that the body can be easily
   tipped, in order to dump the load.


   Tip"cat` (?), n. A game in which a small piece of wood pointed at both
   ends, called a cat, is tipped, or struck with a stick or bat, so as to
   fly into the air.

     In  the  middle  of  a game at tipcat, he paused, and stood staring
     wildly upward with his stick in his hand. Macaulay.


   Tip"per (?), n. A kind of ale brewed with brackish water obtained from
   a  particular  well;  --  so  called  from the first brewer of it, one
   Thomas Tipper. [Eng.]


   Tip"pet  (?),  n.  [OE.  tipet,  tepet, AS. t\'91ppet, probably fr. L.
   tapete tapestry, hangings. Cf. Tape, Tapestry, Tapet.]

   1. A cape, or scarflike garment for covering the neck, or the neck and
   shoulders,  --  usually  made  of  fur, cloth, or other warm material.
   Chaucer. Bacon.

   2. A length of twisted hair or gut in a fish line. [Scot.]

   3.  A  handful  of  straw  bound  together  at  one  end, and used for
   thatching. [Scot.] Jamieson.
   Tippet  grebe  (Zo\'94l.),  the great crested grebe, or one of several
   similar species. -- Tippet grouse (Zo\'94l.), the ruffed grouse. -- To
   turn tippet, to change. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Tip"ping (?), n. (Mus.) A distinct articulation given in playing quick
   notes  on  the  flute,  by striking the tongue against the roof of the
   mouth; double-tonguing.


   Tip"ple (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Tippled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tippling
   (?).]  [From tip a small end, or a word akin to it; cf. Norw. tipla to
   tipple,  to drip, Prov. E. tip, tiff, tift, a draught of liquor, dial.
   G.  zipfeln  to eat and drink in small parts. See Tip a point, and cf.
   Tipsy.]  To  drink spirituous or strong liquors habitually; to indulge
   in  the  frequent and improper used of spirituous liquors; especially,
   to   drink  frequently  in  small  quantities,  but  without  absolute

     Few  of  those  who  were  summoned left their homes, and those few
     generally  found  it  more agreeable to tipple in alehouses than to
     pace the streets. Macaulay.


   Tip"ple, v. t.

   1. To drink, as strong liquors, frequently or in excess.

     Himself,  for  saving  charges,  A  peeled, sliced onions eats, and
     tipples verjuice. Dryden.

   2. To put up in bundles in order to dry, as hay.


   Tip"ple, n. Liquor taken in tippling; drink.

     Pulque, the national tipple of Mexico. S. B. Griffin.


   Tip"pled (?), a. Intoxicated; inebriated; tipsy; drunk. [R.] Dryden.


   Tip"pler (?), n.

   1. One who keeps a tippling-house. [Obs.] Latimer.

   2.  One  who  habitually  indulges  in the excessive use of spirituous
   liquors, whether he becomes intoxicated or not.


   Tip"pling-house` (?), n. A house in which liquors are sold in drams or
   small quantities, to be drunk on the premises.


   Tip"si*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [Tipsy  +  -fy.]  To  make  tipsy.  [Colloq.]


   Tip"si*ly, adv. In a tipsy manner; like one tipsy.


   Tip"si*ness, n. The state of being tipsy.


   Tip"staff` (?), n.; pl. Tipstaff (.

   1. A staff tipped with metal. Bacon.

   2.  An  officer  who  bears  a  staff  tipped with metal; a constable.


   Tip"sy  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Tipsier  (?);  superl. Tipsiest.] [Akin to
   tipple;  cf.  Prov.  G.  tips  drunkenness,  betipst drunk, tipsy. See

   1. Being under the influence of strong drink; rendered weak or foolish
   by   liquor,   but   not  absolutely  or  completely  drunk;  fuddled;

   2. Staggering, as if from intoxication; reeling.

     Midnight shout and revelry, Tipsy dance and jollity. Milton.


   Tip"toe` (?), n.; pl. Tiptoes (. The end, or tip, of the toe.

     He must . . . stand on his typtoon [tiptoes]. Chaucer.

     Upon his tiptoes stalketh stately by. Spenser.

   To  be,  OR  To  stand, a tiptoe OR on tiptoe, to be awake or alive to
   anything;  to be roused; to be eager or alert; as, to be a tiptoe with

   Page 1512


   Tip"toe` (?), a.

   1.  Being  on  tiptoe,  or  as  on  tiptoe;  hence,  raised as high as
   possible; lifted up; exalted; also, alert.

     Night's  candles are burnt out, and jocund day Stands tiptoe on the
     misty mountain tops. Shak.

     Above the tiptoe pinnacle of glory. Byron.

   2. Noiseless; stealthy. "With tiptoe step." Cowper.
   Tiptoe mirth, the highest degree of mirth. Sir W. Scott.


   Tip"toe`, v. i. To step or walk on tiptoe.


   Tip"top`  (?),  n.  [Tip end + top.] The highest or utmost degree; the
   best of anything. [Colloq.]


   Tip"top`,  a. Very excellent; most excellent; perfect. [Colloq.] "Four
   tiptop voices." Gray. "Sung in a tiptop manner." Goldsmith.


   Tip"u*la (?), n.; pl. L. Tipul\'91 (#), E. Tipulas (#). [L., the water
   spider,  or  water  spinner.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one of many species of
   long-legged  dipterous  insects belonging to Tipula and allied genera.
   They have long and slender bodies. See Crane fly, under Crane.


   Tip"u*la*ry (?), a. [Cf. F. tipulaire.] (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to
   the tipulas.


   Tip"-up`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  spotted sandpiper; -- called also
   teeter-tail. See under Sandpiper.


   Ti*rade"  (?),  n.  [F., fr. It. tirada, properly, a pulling; hence, a
   lengthening  out,  a  long  speech,  a  tirade, fr. tirare to draw; of
   Teutonic  origin,  and  akin to E. tear to redn. See Tear to rend, and
   cf. Tire to tear.] A declamatory strain or flight of censure or abuse;
   a  rambling  invective; an oration or harangue abounding in censorious
   and bitter language.

     Here  he  delivers  a violent tirade against persons who profess to
     know anything about angels. Quarterly Review.


   Ti`rail`leur"  (?),  n.  [F.,  from tirailler to skirmish, wrest, from
   tirer  to  draw.]  (Mil.) Formerly, a member of an independent body of
   marksmen  in the French army. They were used sometimes in front of the
   army  to  annoy the enemy, sometimes in the rear to check his pursuit.
   The term is now applied to all troops acting as skirmishers.


   Tire (?), n. A tier, row, or rank. See Tier. [Obs.]

     In posture to displode their second tire Of thunder. Milton.


   Tire, n. [Aphetic form of attire; OE. tir, a tir. See Attire.]

   1. Attire; apparel. [Archaic] "Having rich tire about you." Shak.

   2. A covering for the head; a headdress.

     On her head she wore a tire of gold. Spenser.

   3.  A  child's  apron,  covering  the  breast and having no sleeves; a
   pinafore; a tier.

   4. Furniture; apparatus; equipment. [Obs.] "The tire of war." Philips.

   5.  [Probably  the  same  word,  and  so  called as being an attire or
   covering  for  the  wheel.]  A  hoop  or  band,  as  of  metal, on the
   circumference  of  the  wheel  of  a  vehicle,  to impart strength and
   receive the wear.

     NOTE: &hand; The iron tire of a wagon wheel or cart wheel binds the
     fellies together. The tire of a locomotive or railroad-car wheel is
     a  heavy  hoop of iron or steel shrunk tightly upon an iron central
     part. The wheel of a bicycle has a tire of India rubber.


   Tire, v. t. To adorn; to attire; to dress. [Obs.]

     [Jezebel] painted her face, and tired her head. 2 Kings ix. 30.


   Tire, v. i. [F. tirer to draw or pull; of Teutonic origin, and akin to
   E. tear to rend. See Tirade.]

   1. To seize, pull, and tear prey, as a hawk does. [Obs.]

     Even  as  an  empty  eagle,  sharp  by fast, Tires with her beak on
     feathers, flesh, and bone. Shak.

     Ye dregs of baseness, vultures among men, That tire upon the hearts
     of generous spirits. B. Jonson.

   2.  To  seize,  rend,  or tear something as prey; to be fixed upon, or
   engaged with, anything. [Obs.]

     Thus  made  she  her  remove,  And  left  wrath  tiring on her son.

     Upon that were my thoughts tiring. Shak.


   Tire,  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Tired (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tiring.] [OE.
   teorien  to  become weary, to fail, AS. teorian to be tired, be weary,
   to  tire,  exhaust;  perhaps akin to E. tear to rend, the intermediate
   sense  being, perhaps, to wear out; or cf. E. tarry.] To become weary;
   to  be  fatigued;  to  have  the  strength  fail; to have the patience
   exhausted; as, a feeble person soon tires.


   Tire,  v.  t.  To  exhaust  the  strength  of, as by toil or labor; to
   exhaust  the  patience  of; to wear out (one's interest, attention, or
   the like); to weary; to fatigue; to jade. Shak.

     Tired with toil, all hopes of safety past. Dryden.

   To  tire out, to weary or fatigue to exhaustion; to harass. Syn. -- To
   jade; weary; exhaust; harass. See Jade.


   Tired (?), a. Weary; fatigued; exhausted.


   Tired"ness, n. The state of being tired, or weary.


   Tire"less (?), a. Untiring.


   Tire"ling (?), a. Tired; fatigued. [Obs.]


   Tire"some  (?),  a.  Fitted  or tending to tire; exhausted; wearisome;
   fatiguing;  tedious;  as, a tiresome journey; a tiresome discourse. --
   Tire"some*ly, adv. -- Tire"some*ness, n.


   Tire"-wom`an (?), n.; pl. Tire-women (#). [See Tire attire, Attire.]

   1. A lady's maid.

     Fashionableness of the tire-woman's making. Locke.

   2. A dresser in a theater. Simmonds.


   Tir"ing-house`  (?),  n.  [For  attiring house.] A tiring-room. [Obs.]


   Tir"ing-room`  (?),  n.  [For  attiring room.] The room or place where
   players dress for the stage.


   Tir"ma (?), n. The oyster catcher. [Prov. Eng.]


   Ti"ro (?), n. [L.] Same as Tyro.

                                    T iron

   T" i`ron (?). See under T.


   Ti*ro"ni*an (?), a. [L. Tironianus, fr. Tiro, the learned freedman and
   amanuensis  of  Cicero.]  Of  or  pertaining  to  Tiro, or a system of
   shorthand said to have been introduced by him into ancient Rome.


   Tir"ra*lir`ra (?), n. A verbal imitation of a musical sound, as of the
   note of a lark or a horn.

     The lark, that tirra lyra chants. Shak.

     "Tirralira, " by the river, Sang Sir Lancelot. Tennyson.


   Tir"rit  (?),  n.  A  word  from  the  vocabulary of Mrs. Quickly, the
   hostess in Shakespeare's Henry IV., probably meaning terror.


   Tir"wit (?), n. [Cf. Pewit.] (Zo\'94l.) The lapwing. [Prov. Eng.]

                                     'T is

   'T is (?). A common contraction of it is.


   Ti*sane" (?), n. [F.] (Med.) See Ptisan.


   Ti"sar  (?),  n. [F. tisard.] (Glass Manuf.) The fireplace at the side
   of an annealing oven. Knight.

                                Tisic, Tisical

   Tis"ic (?), Tis"ic*al (?), a. [For phthisic, phthisical.] Consumptive,


   Tis"ic, n. Consumption; phthisis. See Phthisis.


   Tis"ick*y (?), a. Consumptive, phthisical.


   Tis"ri  (?),  n.  [Heb.  tishr\'c6,  fr.  Chald. sher\'be' to open, to
   begin.] The seventh month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, answering
   to a part of September with a part of October.


   Tis"sue  (?),  n.  [F.  tissu,  fr.  tissu, p.p. of tisser, tistre, to
   weave, fr. L. texere. See Text.]

   1. A woven fabric.

   2.  A fine transparent silk stuff, used for veils, etc.; specifically,
   cloth  interwoven  with  gold  or  silver  threads,  or  embossed with

     A robe of tissue, stiff with golden wire. Dryden.

     In their glittering tissues bear emblazed Holy memorials. Milton.

   3. (Biol.) One of the elementary materials or fibres, having a uniform
   structure  and  a  specialized function, of which ordinary animals and
   plants  are  composed;  a  texture;  as, epithelial tissue; connective

     NOTE: &hand; The term tissue is also often applied in a wider sense
     to  all the materials or elementary tissues, differing in structure
     and  function,  which  go to make up an organ; as, vascular tissue,
     tegumentary tissue, etc.

   4.  Fig.: Web; texture; complicated fabrication; connected series; as,
   a tissue of forgeries, or of falsehood.

     Unwilling  to  leave  the dry bones of Agnosticism wholly unclothed
     with any living tissue of religious emotion. A. J. Balfour.

   Tissue   paper,  very  thin,  gauzelike  paper,  used  for  protecting
   engravings in books, for wrapping up delicate articles, etc.


   Tis"sue,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Tissued (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tissuing.]
   To form tissue of; to interweave.

     Covered with cloth of gold tissued upon blue. Bacon.


   Tis"sued   (?),   a.  Clothed  in,  or  adorned  with,  tissue;  also,
   variegated; as, tissued flowers. Cowper.

     And  crested  chiefs  and  tissued dames Assembled at the clarion's
     call. T. Warton.


   Tit (?), n.

   1. A small horse. Tusser.

   2. A woman; -- used in contempt. Burton.

   3. A morsel; a bit. Halliwell.

   4. [OE.; cf. Icel. titter a tit or small bird. The word probably meant
   originally,  something  small,  and  is  perhaps the same as teat. Cf.
   Titmouse, Tittle.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any one of numerous species of small
   singing birds belonging to the families Parid\'91 and Leiotrichid\'91;
   a titmouse. (b) The European meadow pipit; a titlark.
   Ground  tit.  (Zo\'94l.)  See  Wren  tit,  under  Wren.  --  Hill  tit
   (Zo\'94l.),  any  one  of  numerous  species  of Asiatic singing birds
   belonging   to   Siva,  Milna,  and  allied  genera.  --  Tit  babbler
   (Zo\'94l.),  any  one  of  several  species  of  small East Indian and
   Asiatic  timaline  birds  of  the  genus  Trichastoma. -- Tit for tat.
   [Probably  for  tip  for  tap.  See Tip a slight blow.] An equivalent;
   retaliation.  -- Tit thrush (Zo\'94l.), any one of numerous species of
   Asiatic  and Esat Indian birds belonging to Suthora and allied genera.
   In  some  respects  they  are  intermediate  between  the thrushes and


   Ti"tan (?), a. Titanic.

     The Titan physical difficulties of his enterprise. I. Taylor.


   Ti"tan*ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of titanic acid.


   Ti*tan"ic  (?),  a.  Of  or  relating  to  Titans, or fabled giants of
   ancient  mythology;  hence,  enormous in size or strength; as, Titanic


   Ti*tan"ic  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  titanique.] (Chem.) Of or pertaining to
   titanium;   derived   from,  or  containing,  titanium;  specifically,
   designating  those  compounds  of  titanium  in  which it has a higher
   valence  as  contrasted  with  the  titanous  compounds.  Titanic acid
   (Chem.),  a  white amorphous powder, Ti.(OH)4, obtained by decomposing
   certain  titanates;  -- called also normal titanic acid. By extension,
   any  one  of  a series of derived acids, called also metatitanic acid,
   polytitanic acid, etc. -- Titanic iron ore. (Min.) See Menaccanite.


   Ti`tan*if"er*ous  (?),  a. [Titanium + -ferous: cf. F. titanif\'8are.]
   Containing or affording titanium; as, titaniferous magnetite.


   Ti"tan*ite  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  titanite; -- so called from containing
   titanic acid.] (Min.) See Sphene.


   Ti`tan*it"ic  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to, or containing, titanium; as, a
   titanitic mineral.


   Ti*ta"ni*um  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. L. Titani or Titanes, Gr. (Chem.) An
   elementary  substance  found  combined  in  the  minerals manaccanite,
   rutile, sphene, etc., and isolated as an infusible iron-gray amorphous
   powder,  having  a  metallic  luster. It burns when heated in the air.
   Symbol Ti. Atomic weight 48.1.


   Ti"tan*o-  (?).  (Chem.)  A  combining  form  (also  used adjectively)
   designating  certain  double  compounds  of  titanium  with some other
   elements; as, titano-cyanide, titano-fluoride, titano-silicate, etc.


   Ti`tan*o*the"ri*um  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) A large American
   Miocene  mammal,  allied  to  the  rhinoceros,  and more nearly to the
   extinct Brontotherium.


   Ti"tan*ous  (?), a. Designating certain compounds of titanium in which
   that element has a lower valence as contrasted with titanic compounds.


   Tit"bit` (?), n. Same as Tidbit.


   Tith (?), a. [See Tight, a.] Tight; nimble. [Obs.]

     Of a good stirring strain too, she goes tith. Beau. & Fl.


   Tith"a*ble  (?),  a.  Subject  to  the payment of tithes; as, tithable


   Tithe  (?),  n. [OE. tithe, tethe, properly an adj., tenth, AS. te\'a2
   the  tenth;  akin  to ti\'82n, t, t\'c7n, ten, G. zehnte, adj., tenth,
   n., a tithe, Icel. t\'c6und the tenth; tithe, Goth. ta\'a1hunda tenth.
   See Ten, and cf. Tenth, Teind.]

   1. A tenth; the tenth part of anything; specifically, the tenthpart of
   the  increase  arising from the profits of land and stock, allotted to
   the  clergy  for their support, as in England, or devoted to religious
   or  charitable  uses.  Almost  all the tithes of England and Wales are
   commuted by law into rent charges.

     The tithes of the corn, the new wine, and the oil. Neh. xiii. 5.

     NOTE: &hand; Ti thes ar e called personal when accuring from labor,
     art,  trade,  and navigation; predial, when issuing from the earth,
     as  hay,  wood, and fruit; and mixed, when accuring from beaste fed
     from the ground.


   2. Hence, a small part or proportion. Bacon.
   Great  tithes,  tithes of corn, hay, and wood. -- Mixed tithes, tithes
   of  wool, milk, pigs, etc. -- Small tithes, personal and mixed tithes.
   --  Tithe  commissioner,  one  of a board of officers appointed by the
   government  for  arranging  propositions for commuting, or compounding
   for, tithes. [Eng.] Simmonds.


   Tithe, a. Tenth. [Obs.]

     Every tithe soul, 'mongst many thousand. Shak.


   Tithe,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Tithed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tithing.] [As.
   te\'a2.]  To levy a tenth part on; to tax to the amount of a tenth; to
   pay tithes on.

     Ye tithe mint and rue. Luke xi. 42.


   Tithe, v. i. Tp pay tithes. [R.] Tusser.


   Tith"er (?), n.

   1. One who collects tithes. Milton.

   2. One who pays tithes. [R.] Chaucer.


   Tith"ing, n. [AS. te\'a2.]

   1.  The act of levying or taking tithes; that which is taken as tithe;
   a tithe.

     To take tithing of their blood and sweat. Motley.

   2. (O. Eng. Law) A number or company of ten householders who, dwelling
   near  each  other,  were  sureties or frankpledges to the king for the
   good behavior of each other; a decennary. Blackstone.


   Tith"ing*man (?), n.; pl. Tithingmen (.

   1.  (O.  Eng.  Law)  The  chief  man  of a tithing; a headborough; one
   elected to preside over the tithing.

   2. (Law) A peace officer; an under constable.

   3.  A  parish  officer  elected annually to preserve good order in the
   church  during  divine  service,  to  make complaint of any disorderly
   conduct, and to enforce the observance of the Sabbath. [Local, U.S.]


   Tith"ly  (?), a. [From Tith.] Tightly; nimbly. [Obs.] "I have seen him
   trip it tithly." Beau. & Fl.


   Ti*thon"ic (?), a. [L. Tithonius belonging to Tithonus, the consort of
   Aurora,  Gr. Of, pertaining to, or denoting, those rays of light which
   produce chemical effects; actinic. [R.]


   Tith`o*nic"i*ty  (?),  n.  (Chem.  & Physics) The state or property of
   being tithonic; actinism. [R.]


   Ti*thon`o*graph"ic (?), a. [Tithonic + -graph + -ic.] Of, relating to,
   or produced by, the chemical action of rays of light; photographic.


   Tith`o*nom"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Tithonic  +  -meter.]  An  instrument  or
   apparatus for measuring or detecting tithonicity; an actinometer. [R.]


   Tith"y*mal  (?),  n.  [L.  tithymalus a plant with a milklike sap, Gr.
   tithymale.] (Bot.) Any kind of spurge, esp. Euphorbia Cyparissias.


   Ti"ti (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Teetee.


   Tit"il*late (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Titillated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Titillating.] [L. titillatus, p.p. of titillare.] To tickle; as, to
   titillate the nose with a feather.

     The pungent grains of titillating dust. Pope.


   Tit`il*la"tion (?), n. [L. titillatio: cf. F. titillation.]

   1.  The  act  of  tickling,  or the state of being tickled; a tickling
   sensation. A. Tucker.

   2. Any pleasurable sensation.

     Those titillations that reach no higher than the senses. Glanvill.


   Tit"il*la*tive  (?),  a.  Tending  or serving to titillate, or tickle;


   Tit"lark`  (?),  n.  [Tit  a small bird + lark.] (Zo\'94l.) Any one of
   numerous small spring birds belonging to Anthus, Corydalla, and allied
   genera,  which  resemble  the true larks in color and in having a very
   long   hind  claw;  especially,  the  European  meadow  pipit  (Anthus


   Ti"tle (?), n. [OF. title, F. titre, L. titulus an inscription, label,
   title, sign, token. Cf. Tilde, Titrate, Titular.]

   1.  An  inscription put over or upon anything as a name by which it is

   2.  The inscription in the beginning of a book, usually containing the
   subject  of  the  work,  the author's and publisher's names, the date,

   3.  (Bookbindng) The panel for the name, between the bands of the back
   of a book.

   4.  A  section  or division of a subject, as of a law, a book, specif.
   (Roman & Canon Laws), a chapter or division of a law book.

   5.   An   appellation   of  dignity,  distinction,  or  pre\'89minence
   (hereditary   or   acquired),  given  to  persons,  as  duke  marquis,
   honorable, esquire, etc.

     With his former title greet Macbeth. Shak.

   6. A name; an appellation; a designation.

   7.  (Law)  (a)  That  which  constitutes  a  just  cause  of exclusive
   possession;  that  which  is  the foundation of ownership of property,
   real  or  personal;  a  right;  as,  a  good title to an estate, or an
   imperfect  title. (b) The instrument which is evidence of a right. (c)
   (Canon Law) That by which a beneficiary holds a benefice.

   8.  (Anc. Church Records) A church to which a priest was ordained, and
   where he was to reside.
   Title  deeds  (Law),  the muniments or evidences of ownership; as, the
   title  deeds  to  an  estate.  Syn.  --  Epithet;  name;  appellation;
   denomination. See epithet, and Name.
   Page 1513


   Ti"tle  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Titled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Titling
   (?).]  [Cf. L. titulare, F. titrer. See Title, n.] To call by a title;
   to name; to entitle.

     Hadrian,  having quieted the island, took it for honor to be titled
     on his coin, "The Restorer of Britain." Milton.


   Ti"tled (?), a. Having or bearing a title.


   Ti"tle*less  (?),  a.  Not  having a title or name; without legitimate
   title. "A titleless tyrant." Chaucer.


   Ti"tle-page` (?), n. The page of a book which contains it title.

     The world's all title-page; there's no contents. Young.


   Tit"ler (?), n. A large truncated cone of refined sugar.


   Tit"ling (?), n. [Icel. titlingr a tit sparrow. See Tit a small bird.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.) (a) The hedge sparrow; -- called also titlene. Its nest
   often chosen by the cuckoo as a place for depositing its own eggs.

     The  titling,  .  .  .  being  thus deceived, hatcheth the egg, and
     bringeth up the chick of another bird. Holland.

   (b) The meadow pipit.

   2. Stockfish; -- formerly so called in customhouses.


   Tit"mal (?), n. The blue titmouse. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tit"mouse`  (?),  n.;  pl.  Titmice  (#).  [OE. titemose, titmase; tit
   small,  or a small bird + AS. m\'bese a kind of small bird; akin to D.
   mees  a  titmouse,  G.  meise, OHG. meisa, Icel. meisingr. The English
   form  has been influenced by the unrelated word mouse. Cf. Tit a small
   bird.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of numerous species of small insectivorous
   singing  birds  belonging  to  Parus and allied genera; -- called also
   tit, and tomtit.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e bl ue ti tmouse (P arus c\ 'd2ruleus), th e marsh
     titmouse  (P.  palustris), the crested titmouse (P. cristatus), the
     great   titmouse   (P.   major),   and  the  long  tailed  titmouse
     (\'92githalos  caudatus),  are the best-known European species. See


   Ti"trate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Titrated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Titrating.]  [F.  titrer,  from  titre standard, title. See Title, n.]
   (Chem.) To analyse, or determine the strength of, by means of standard
   solutions. Cf. Standardized solution, under Solution.


   Ti"tra*ted  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Standardized; determined or analyzed by
   titration; as, titrated solutions.


   Ti*tra"tion  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  The  act  or  process  of titrating; a
   substance obtained by titrating.


   Tit"ter  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Tittered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tittering.]  [Probably  of imitative origin.] To laugh with the tongue
   striking against the root of the upper teeth; to laugh with restraint,
   or without much noise; to giggle.

     A group of tittering pages ran before. Longfellow.


   Tit"ter,  n.  A restrained laugh. "There was a titter of . . . delight
   on his countenance." Coleridge.


   Tit"ter, v. i. To seesaw. See Teeter.


   Tit"ter*el (?), n. The whimbrel. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tit"ter-tot`ter (?), v. i. See Teeter.


   Tit"ti*mouse` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Titmouse. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tit"tle  (?),  n.  [OE. titel, titil, apparently a dim. of tit, in the
   sense  of  small;  cf. G. t\'81ttel a tittle, dim. of OHG. tutta teat.
   Perhaps,  however,  the  same  word as title, n.] A particle; a minute
   part; a jot; an iota.

     It  is  easier for heaven and earth to pass, than one tittle of the
     law to fail. Luke xvi. 17.

     Every tittle of this prophecy is most exactly verified. South.


   Tit"tle*bat  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) The three-spined stickleback. [Prov.


   Tit"tle-tat`tle (?), n. [A reduplication of tattle.]

   1. Idle, trifling talk; empty prattle. Arbuthnot.

   2. An idle, trifling talker; a gossip. [R.] Tatler.


   Tit"tle-tat`tle, v. i. To talk idly; to prate. Shak.


   Tit"tle-tat`tling  (?),  n.  The  act  or  habit  of  parting  idly or


   Tit"ty (?), n. A little teat; a nipple. [Familiar]


   Tit"u*bate  (?),  v.  i.  [L.  titubatus, p.p. of titubare to stagger,

   1. To stumble. [Obs.]

   2. To rock or roll, as a curved body on a plane.


   Tit`u*ba"tion  (?),  n.  [L. titubatio: cf. F. titubation.] The act of
   stumbling, rocking, or rolling; a reeling. Quain.


   Tit"u*lar  (?), a. [F. titulaire, fr. L. titulus. See Title.] Existing
   in  title  or  name  only;  nominal;  having the title to an office or
   dignity  without  discharging  its  appropriate  duties; as, a titular

     If these magnificent titles yet remain Not merely titular. Milton.

   Titular bishop. See under Bishop.


   Tit"u*lar, n. A titulary. [R.]


   Tit`u*lar"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being titular. [R.] Sir
   T. Browne.


   Tit"u*lar*ly (?), adv. In a titular manner; nominally; by title only.


   Tit"u*la*ry  (?), n.; pl. Titularies (#). [Cf. F. titulaire.] A person
   invested  with  a  title,  in  virtue  of  which he holds an office or
   benefice, whether he performs the duties of it or not.


   Tit"u*la*ry, a.

   1. Consisting in a title; titular.

   2. Of or pertaining to a title.


   Tit"uled (?), a. Having a title. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Tiv"er  (?),  n.  [AS. te\'a0for, te\'a0fur.] A kind of ocher which is
   used in some parts of England in marking sheep. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tiv"er, v. t. To mark with tiver. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tiv"y  (?), adv. [See Tantivy.] With great speed; -- a huntsman's word
   or sound. Dryden.


   Ti"za  (?), n. [CF. Sp. tiza whitening, a kind of chalk or pipe clay.]
   (Chem.) See Ulexite.


   Tme"sis (?), n. [L., from Gr. (Gram.) The separation of the parts of a
   compound  word  by  the intervention of one or more words; as, in what
   place soever, for whatsoever place.


   To-  (?, see To, prep.) [AS. to- asunder; akin to G. zer-, and perhaps
   to  L. dis-, or Gr. An obsolete intensive prefix used in the formation
   of  compound verbs; as in to-beat, to-break, to-hew, to-rend, to-tear.
   See  these words in the Vocabulary. See the Note on All to, or All-to,
   under All, adv.


   To  (emphatic or alone, obscure or unemphatic), prep. [AS. t\'d3; akin
   to OS. & OFries. t\'d3, D. toe, G. zu, OHG. zuo, zua, z\'d3, Russ. do,
   Ir.  &  Gael. do, OL. -do, -du, as in endo, indu, in, Gr. Too, Tatoo a
   beat of drums.]

   1. The preposition to primarily indicates approach and arrival, motion
   made  in  the  direction of a place or thing and attaining it, access;
   and  also,  motion  or  tendency  without arrival; movement toward; --
   opposed to from. "To Canterbury they wend." Chaucer.

     Stay with us, go not to Wittenberg. Shak.

     So  to the sylvan lodge They came, that like Pomona's arbor smiled.

     I'll  to  him  again,  .  .  .  He'll  tell me all his purpose. She
     stretched her arms to heaven. Dryden.

   2.  Hence,  it  indicates motion, course, or tendency toward a time, a
   state or condition, an aim, or anything capable of being regarded as a
   limit  to a tendency, movement, or action; as, he is going to a trade;
   he is rising to wealth and honor.

     NOTE: &hand; Fo rmerly, by omission of the verb denoting motion, to
     sometimes followed a form of be, with the sense of at, or in. "When
     the sun was [gone or declined] to rest." Chaucer.

   3.   In  a  very  general  way,  and  with  innumerable  varieties  of
   application,  to  connects  transitive  verbs  with  their  remoter or
   indirect  object,  and  adjectives, nouns, and neuter or passive verbs
   with  a  following  noun  which limits their action. Its sphere verges
   upon  that  of  for,  but  it  contains  less  the  idea  of design or
   appropriation;  as,  these remarks were addressed to a large audience;
   let us keep this seat to ourselves; a substance sweet to the taste; an
   event  painful  to the mind; duty to God and to our parents; a dislike
   to spirituous liquor.

     Marks and points out each man of us to slaughter. B. Jonson.

     Whilst  they, distilled Almost to jelly with the act of fear, Stand
     dumb and speak not to him. Shak.

     Add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; and to knowledge
     temperance;  and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness;
     and  to  godliness  brotherly  kindness;  and to brotherly kindness
     charity. 2 Pet. i. 5,6,7.

     I have a king's oath to the contrary. Shak.

     Numbers were crowded to death. Clarendon.

     Fate and the dooming gods are deaf to tears. Dryden.

     Go, buckle to the law. Dryden.

   4.  As  sign  of  the  infinitive,  to  had originally the use of last
   defined,  governing the infinitive as a verbal noun, and connecting it
   as  indirect object with a preceding verb or adjective; thus, ready to
   go,  i.e.,  ready unto going; good to eat, i.e., good for eating; I do
   my utmost to lead my life pleasantly. But it has come to be the almost
   constant  prefix to the infinitive, even in situations where it has no
   prepositional  meaning,  as  where  the infinitive is direct object or
   subject;  thus,  I  love  to  learn, i.e., I love learning; to die for
   one's  country  is noble, i.e., the dying for one's country. Where the
   infinitive  denotes the design or purpose, good usage formerly allowed
   the  prefixing  of for to the to; as, what went ye out for see? (Matt.
   xi. 8).

     Then  longen  folk  to go on pilgrimages, And palmers for to seeken
     strange stranders. Chaucer.

     NOTE: Such us age is  no w ob solete or  il literate. In colloquial
     usage,  to  often  stands  for, and supplies, an infinitive already
     mentioned;  thus,  he commands me to go with him, but I do not wish

   5.  In many phrases, and in connection with many other words, to has a
   pregnant  meaning,  or  is  used  elliptically.  Thus,  it  denotes or
   implies:  (a) Extent; limit; degree of comprehension; inclusion as far
   as; as, they met us to the number of three hundred.

     We ready are to try our fortunes To the last man. Shak.

     Few of the Esquimaux can count to ten. Quant. Rev.

   (b)  Effect;  end;  consequence;  as,  the prince was flattered to his
   ruin;  he  engaged in a war to his cost; violent factions exist to the
   prejudice  of  the  state.  (c)  Apposition;  connection;  antithesis;
   opposition; as, they engaged hand to hand.

     Now  we  see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face. 1 Cor.
     xiii. 12.

   (d)  Accord;  adaptation;  as,  an  occupation to his taste; she has a
   husband to her mind.

     He to God's image, she to his was made. Dryden.

   (e) Comparison; as, three is to nine as nine is to twenty-seven; it is
   ten to one that you will offend him.

     All that they did was piety to this. B. Jonson.

   (f) Addition; union; accumulation.

     Wisdom he has, and to his wisdom, courage. Denham.

   (g)  Accompaniment;  as,  she  sang  to his guitar; they danced to the
   music of a piano.

     Anon  they move In perfect phalanx to the Dorian mood Of flutes and
     soft recorders. Milton.

   (h) Character; condition of being; purpose subserved or office filled.
   [In this sense archaic] "I have a king here to my flatterer." Shak.

     Made  his  masters  and  others  .  . . to consider him to a little
     wonder. Walton.

     NOTE: &hand; To in to-day, to-night, and to-morrow has the sense or
     force  of  for  or  on;  for, or on, (this) day, for, or on, (this)
     night, for, or on, (the) morrow. To-day, to-night, to-morrow may be
     considered  as  compounds,  and  usually  as  adverbs; but they are
     sometimes used as nouns; as, to-day is ours.

     To-morrow,  and to-morrow, and to-morrow; Creeps in this petty pace
     from day to day. Shak.

   To  and  again,  to  and fro. [R.] -- To and fro, forward and back. In
   this phrase, to is adverbial.
     There was great showing both to and fro. Chaucer.
   --  To-and-fro,  a  pacing  backward  and  forward;  as, to commence a
   to-and-fro.  Tennyson.  -- To the face, in front of; in behind; hence,
   in the presence of. -- To wit, to know; namely. See Wit, v. i.

     NOTE: &hand; To , without an object expressed, is used adverbially;
     as,  put  to  the door, i. e., put the door to its frame, close it;
     and  in  the nautical expressions, to heave to, to come to, meaning
     to a certain position. To, like on, is sometimes used as a command,
     forward, set to. "To, Achilles! to, Ajax! to!" Shak.


   Toad  (?),  n.  [OE.  tode,  tade, AS. t\'bedie, t\'bedige; of unknown
   origin.  Cf.  Tadpole.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  numerous species of
   batrachians  belonging to the genus Bufo and allied genera, especially
   those  of  the  family Bufonid\'91. Toads are generally terrestrial in
   their  habits  except  during  the breeding season, when they seek the
   water. Most of the species burrow beneath the earth in the daytime and
   come forth to feed on insects at night. Most toads have a rough, warty
   skin in which are glands that secrete an acrid fluid.

     NOTE: &hand; The common toad (Bufo vulgaris) and the natterjack are
     familiar   European   species.   The   common   American  toad  (B.
     lentiginosus)  is  similar  to the European toad, but is less warty
     and is more active, moving chiefly by leaping.

   Obstetrical  toad.  (Zo\'94l.) See under Obstetrical. -- Surinam toad.
   (Zo\'94l.) See Pita. -- Toad lizard (Zo\'94l.), a horned toad. -- Toad
   pipe  (Bot.),  a  hollow-stemmed  plant (Equisetum limosum) growing in
   muddy  places.  Dr.  Prior. -- Toad rush (Bot.), a low-growing kind of
   rush (Juncus bufonius). -- Toad snatcher (Zo\'94l.), the reed bunting.
   [Prov.  Eng.]  --  Toad  spittle.  (Zo\'94l.)  See  Cuckoo spit, under
   Cuckoo. -- Tree toad. (Zo\'94l.) See under Tree.


   Toad"eat`er  (?),  n.  [Said  to  be  so  called in allusion to an old
   alleged  practice  among  mountebanks' boys of eating toads (popularly
   supposed  to  be poisonous), in order that their masters might have an
   opportunity  of  pretending  to  effect  a cure. The French equivalent
   expression  is  un  avaleur  de  couleuvres.  Cf.  Toady.]  A fawning,
   obsequious parasite; a mean sycophant; a flatterer; a toady. V. Knox.

     You  had  nearly  imposed  upon  me,  but you have lost your labor.
     You're too zealous a toadeater, and betray yourself. Dickens.


   Toad"fish`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  Any  marine  fish  of the genus
   Batrachus,  having  a  large, thick head and a wide mouth, and bearing
   some  resemblance  to  a toad. The American species (Batrachus tau) is
   very  common  in shallow water. Called also oyster fish, and sapo. (b)
   The angler. (c) A swellfish.


   Toad"flax`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) An herb (Linaria vulgaris) of the Figwort
   family,  having  narrow leaves and showy orange and yellow flowers; --
   called also butter and eggs, flaxweed, and ramsted.


   Toad"head` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The golden plover. [Local, U.S.]


   Toad"ish, a. Like a toad. [Obs.] A. Stafford.


   Toad"let (?), n. A small toad. [R.] Coleridge.


   Toad"stone` (?), n.

   1.  (Min.)  A local name for the igneous rocks of Derbyshire, England;
   --  said  by  some to be derived from the German todter stein, meaning
   dead stone, that is, stone which contains no ores.

   2.  Bufonite,  formerly  regarded  as  a precious stone, and worn as a
   jewel. See Bufonite.


   Toad"stool` (?), n. (Bot.) A name given to many umbrella-shaped fungi,
   mostly  of the genus Agaricus. The species are almost numberless. They
   grow on decaying organic matter.


   Toad"y (?), n.; pl. Toadies (#). [Shortened from toadeater.]

   1. A mean flatterer; a toadeater; a sycophant.

     Before I had been standing at the window five minutes, they somehow
     conveyed to me that they were all toadies and humbugs. Dickens.

   2. A coarse, rustic woman. [R.] Sir W. Scott.

   Page 1514


   Toad"y  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Toadied  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Toadying.] To fawn upon with mean sycophancy.


   Toad"y*ism  (?),  n.  The  practice of meanly fawning on another; base
   sycophancy; servile adulation.


   Toast (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Toasted (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Toasting.]
   [OF.  toster to roast, toast, fr. L. torrere, tostum, to parch, roast.
   See Torrid.]

   1. To dry and brown by the heat of a fire; as, to toast bread.

   2. To warm thoroughly; as, to toast the feet.

   3.  To  name  when  a  health is proposed to be drunk; to drink to the
   health, or in honor, of; as, to toast a lady.


   Toast, n. [OF. toste, or tost\'82e, toasted bread. See Toast, v.]

   1.  Bread  dried and browned before a fire, usually in slices; also, a
   kind  of  food  prepared by putting slices of toasted bread into milk,
   gravy,  etc.  <--  now  usu.  prepared  in  an electrical toaster. See
   toaster. -->

     My  sober  evening let the tankard bless, With toast embrowned, and
     fragrant nutmeg fraught. T. Warton.

   2.  A lady in honor of whom persons or a company are invited to drink;
   --  so  called  because toasts were formerly put into the liquor, as a
   great delicacy.

     It  now  came  to  the  time of Mr. Jones to give a toast . . . who
     could not refrain from mentioning his dear Sophia. Fielding.

   3.  Hence, any person, especially a person of distinction, in honor of
   whom  a  health  is  drunk;  hence,  also, anything so commemorated; a
   sentiment, as "The land we live in," "The day we celebrate," etc.
   Toast  rack,  a small rack or stand for a table, having partitions for
   holding slices of dry toast.


   Toast"er (?), n.

   1. One who toasts.

   2.  A  kitchen utensil for toasting bread, cheese, etc.<-- since 1950,
   usu.  operated  by  electricity,  with heating coils arranged so as to
   brown a slice of bread evenly over both surfaces. --> <--
   Toaster oven. an electrical toaster. -->


   Toast"ing,  a.  & n. from Toast, v. Toasting fork, a long-handled fork
   for toasting bread, cheese, or the like, by the fire.


   Toast"mas`ter  (?),  n.  A  person  who presides at a public dinner or
   banquet, and announces the toasts.


   Toat (?), n. The handle of a joiner's plane. Knight.


   To*bac"co  (?), n. [Sp. tabaco, fr. the Indian tabaco the tube or pipe
   in  which  the Indians or Caribbees smoked this plant. Some derive the
   word from Tabaco, a province of Yucatan, where it was said to be first
   found  by  the Spaniards; others from the island of Tobago, one of the
   Caribbees. But these derivations are very doubtful.]

   1.  (Bot.)  An  American  plant  (Nicotiana Tabacum) of the Nightshade
   family,  much  used  for  smoking  and  chewing,  and  as  snuff. As a
   medicine, it is narcotic, emetic, and cathartic. Tobacco has a strong,
   peculiar smell, and an acrid taste.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e na me is  extended to other species of the genus,
     and to some unrelated plants, as Indian tobacco (Nicotiana rustica,
     and  also  Lobelia inflata), mountain tobacco (Arnica montana), and
     Shiraz tobacco (Nicotiana Persica).

   2.  The  leaves  of  the plant prepared for smoking, chewing, etc., by
   being dried, cured, and manufactured in various ways.
   Tobacco box (Zo\'94l.), the common American skate. -- Tobacco camphor.
   (Chem.)  See  Nicotianine.  --  Tobacco  man,  a  tobacconist. [R.] --
   Tobacco  pipe.  (a) A pipe used for smoking, made of baked clay, wood,
   or  other  material.  (b) (Bot.) Same as Indian pipe, under Indian. --
   Tobacco-pipe  clay  (Min.),  a  species of clay used in making tobacco
   pipes;  --  called also cimolite. -- Tobacco-pipe fish. (Zo\'94l.) See
   Pipemouth.  --  Tobacco  stopper,  a  small plug for pressing down the
   tobacco  in  a  pipe  as it is smoked. -- Tobacco worm (Zo\'94l.), the
   larva  of  a large hawk moth (Sphinx, OR Phlegethontius, Carolina). It
   is  dark  green,  with seven oblique white stripes bordered above with
   dark  brown  on  each  side  of  the body. It feeds upon the leaves of
   tobacco  and tomato plants, and is often very injurious to the tobacco
   crop. See Illust. of Hawk moth.
   To*bac"co*ning  (?),  n. Smoking tobacco. [Obs.] "Tobacconing is but a
   smoky play." [Obs.] Sylvester. 


   To*bac"co*nist (?), n.

   1. A dealer in tobacco; also, a manufacturer of tobacco.

   2. A smoker of tobacco. [Obs.] Sylvester.


   To-beat"  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  to-  +  beat.]  To  beat thoroughly or
   severely. [Obs.] Layamon.

                                  Tobias fish

   To*bi"as fish` (?). [See the Note under Asmodeus, in the Dictionary of
   Noted Names in Fiction.] (Zo\'94l.) The lant, or sand eel.


   To"bine  (?), n. [Cf. G. tobin, D. tabijn. See Tabby.] A stout twilled
   silk used for dresses.


   To"bit (?), n. A book of the Apocrypha.


   To*bog"gan  (?), n. [Corruption of American Indian odabagan a sled.] A
   kind  of  sledge made of pliable board, turned up at one or both ends,
   used  for  coasting  down  hills  or prepared inclined planes; also, a
   sleigh  or sledge, to be drawn by dogs, or by hand, over soft and deep
   snow. [Written also tobogan, and tarbogan.]


   To*bog"gan  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Tobogganed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tobogganing.]  To  slide down hill over the snow or ice on a toboggan.

                            Tobogganer, Tobogganist

   To*bog"gan*er   (?),   To*bog"gan*ist   (?),   n.  One  who  practices


   To-break"  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  to- + break.] To break completely; to
   break in pieces. [Obs.]

     With nose and mouth to-broke. Chaucer.


   To-brest" (?), v. t. [Pref. to- + brest.] To burst or break in pieces.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Toc*ca"ta  (?),  n.  [It., fr. toccare to touch. See Touch.] (Mus.) An
   old  form  of piece for the organ or harpsichord, somewhat in the free
   and brilliant style of the prelude, fantasia, or capriccio.


   Toch"er  (?),  n.  [Gael.  tochradh.]  Dowry brought by a bride to her
   husband. [Scot.] Burns.


   Tock"ay (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A spotted lizard native of India.


   To"co  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  toucan (Ramphastos toco) having a very
   large beak. See Illust. under Toucan.


   To*col"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -logy.]  The  science  of  obstetrics, or
   midwifery;  that  department  of medicine which treats of parturition.
   [Written also tokology.]


   To*co*ro"ro  (?),  n.  [Probably  from  the  native  name  through the
   Spanish:  cf.  Sp.  tocororo.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  cuban trogon (Priotelus
   temnurus) having a serrated bill and a tail concave at the end.


   Toc"sin  (?), n. [F., fr. OF. toquier to touch, F. toquer (originally,
   a dialectic form of F. toucher) + seint (for sein) a bell, LL. signum,
   fr.  L. signum a sign, signal. See Touch, and Sign.] An alarm bell, or
   the ringing of a bell for the purpose of alarm.

     The loud tocsin tolled their last alarm. Campbell.


   Tod  (t&ocr;d), n. [Akin to D. todde a rag, G. zotte shag, rag, a tuft
   of hair, Icel. toddi a piece of a thing, a tod of wool.]

   1. A bush; a thick shrub; a bushy clump. [R.] "An ivy todde." Spenser.

     The ivy tod is heavy with snow. Coleridge.

   2.  An  old  weight  used in weighing wool, being usually twenty-eight

   3. A fox; -- probably so named from its bushy tail.

     The wolf, the tod, the brock. B. Jonson.

   Tod  stove, a close stove adapted for burning small round wood, twigs,
   etc. [U.S.] Knight.


   Tod, v. t. & i. To weigh; to yield in tods. [Obs.]


   To-day"  (?), adv. [AS. t\'d3 d\'91g. See To, prep., and Day.] On this
   day; on the present day.

     Worcester's horse came but to-day. Shak.


   To-day", n. The present day. <-- usu. spelt today. -->

     On to-day Is worth for me a thousand yesterdays. Longfellow.

   <-- today adj. modern, recent. -->


   Tod"dle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Toddled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Toddling
   (?).]  [Akin  to tottle, totter.] To walk with short, tottering steps,
   as a child.


   Tod"dle, n. A toddling walk. Trollope.


   Tod"dler  (?),  n.  One  who  toddles; especially, a young child. Mrs.


   Tod"dy (?), n. [Formed from Hind. t\'be the juice of the palmyra tree,
   popularly, toddy, fr. t\'be the palmyra tree, Skr. t\'bela.]

   1. A juice drawn from various kinds of palms in the East Indies; or, a
   spirituous liquor procured from it by fermentation.

   2. A mixture of spirit and hot water sweetened.

     NOTE: &hand; Toddy differs from grog in having a less proportion of
     spirit, and is being made hot and sweetened.

   Toddy  bird (Zo\'94l.), a weaver bird of the East Indies and India: --
   so  called  from  its fondness for the juice of the palm. -- Toddy cat
   (Zo\'94l.), the common paradoxure; the palm cat.


   To-do"  (?),  n.  [To  +  do.  Cf. Ado.] Bustle; stir; commotion; ado.


   To"dy  (?),  n.;  pl.  Todies  (#).  [Cf.  NL.  todus,  F.  todier, G.
   todvogel.]   (Zo\'94l.)   Any   one   of   several  species  of  small
   insectivorous West Indian birds of the genus Todus. They are allied to
   the kingfishers.


   Toe  (?),  n. [OE. too, taa, AS. t\'be; akin to D. teen, G. zehe, OHG.
   z\'c7ha,  Icel.  t\'be,  Sw.  t\'86,  Dan.  taa;  of uncertain origin.

   1.  (Anat.)  One  of the terminal members, or digits, of the foot of a
   man or an animal. "Each one, tripping on his toe." Shak.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The fore part of the hoof or foot of an animal.

   3.  Anything,  or  any part, corresponding to the toe of the foot; as,
   the toe of a boot; the toe of a skate.

   4.  (Mach.) (a) The journal, or pivot, at the lower end of a revolving
   shaft  or  spindle, which rests in a step. (b) A lateral projection at
   one  end,  or between the ends, of a piece, as a rod or bolt, by means
   of  which  it  is  moved.  (c)  A  projection  from the periphery of a
   revolving piece, acting as a cam to lift another piece.
   Toe  biter  (Zo\'94l.),  a  tadpole; a polliwig. -- Toe drop (Med.), a
   morbid  condition  of  the  foot in which the toe is depressed and the
   heel elevated, as in talipes equinus. See Talipes.
   Toe,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Toed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Toeing.] To touch
   or reach with the toes; to come fully up to; as, to toe the mark. 


   Toe, v. i. To hold or carry the toes (in a certain way). To toe in, to
   stand  or  carry  the  feet in such a way that the toes of either foot
   incline  toward  the  other.  --  To toe out, to have the toes of each
   foot,  in  standing  or  walking,  incline  from  the  other foot. <--
   (Automobiles)  toe  in,  to  align the front wheels so that they point
   slightly toward each other. -->


   Toed (?), a.

   1.  Having (such or so many) toes; -- chiefly used in composition; as,
   narrow-toed, four-toed.

   2. (Carp.) Having the end secured by nails driven obliquely, said of a
   board,  plank, or joist serving as a brace, and in general of any part
   of a frame secured to other parts by diagonal nailing.


   To-fall" (?), n. (Arch.) A lean-to. See Lean-to.

                                 Toffee, Toffy

   Tof"fee (?), Tof"fy (?), n. Taffy. [Eng.]

                                Tofore, Toforn

   To*fore"  (?),  To*forn"  (?),  prep.  & adv. [AS. t\'d3foran. See To,
   prep., Fore.] Before. [Obs.]

     Toforn him goeth the loud minstrelsy. Chaucer.

     Would thou wert as thou tofore hast been! Shak.


   Toft  (?),  n.  [OE. toft a knoll; akin to LG. toft a field hedged in,
   not  far  from  a house, Icel. topt a green knoll, grassy place, place
   marked out for a house, Dan. toft.]

   1. A knoll or hill. [Obs.] "A tower on a toft." Piers Plowman.

   2. A grove of trees; also, a plain. [Prov. Eng.]

   3.  (O. Eng. Law) A place where a messuage has once stood; the site of
   a burnt or decayed house.


   Toft"man (?), n.; pl. Toftmen (. The owner of a toft. See Toft, 3.


   To"fus (?), n. [L., tufa.]

   1. Tophus.

   2. (Min.) Tufa. See under Tufa, and Toph.


   To"ga  (?),  n.; pl. E. Togas (#), L. Tog\'91 (#). [L., akin to tegere
   to  cover.  See Thatch.] (Rom. Antiq.) The loose outer garment worn by
   the ancient Romans, consisting of a single broad piece of woolen cloth
   of a shape approaching a semicircle. It was of undyed wool, except the
   border  of the toga pr\'91texta. Toga pr\'91texta. [L.], a toga with a
   broad  purple  border, worn by children of both sexes, by magistrates,
   and  by  persons  engaged  in  sacred rites. -- Toga virilis [L.], the
   manly  gown; the common toga. This was assumed by Roman boys about the
   time of completing their fourteenth year.


   To"ga*ted (?), a. [L. togatus, from toga a toga.] Dressed in a toga or
   gown; wearing a gown; gowned. [R.] Sir M. Sandys.


   To"ged (?), a. Togated. [Obs. or R.] Shak.


   To*geth"er  (?),  adv.  [OE.  togedere,  togidere, AS. t\'d3g\'91dere,
   t\'d3g\'91dre, t\'d3gadere; t\'d3 to + gador together. \'fb29. See To,
   prep., and Gather.]

   1.  In  company  or  association with respect to place or time; as, to
   live  together  in  one  house; to live together in the same age; they
   walked together to the town.

     Soldiers can never stand idle long together. Landor.

   2.  In  or  into union; into junction; as, to sew, knit, or fasten two
   things together; to mix things together.

     The king joined humanity and policy together. Bacon.

   3.  In  concert;  with  mutual co\'94peration; as, the allies made war
   upon France together.
   Together with, in union with; in company or mixture with; along with.

     Take the bad together with the good. Dryden.


   Tog"ger*y (?), n. [Cf. Togated.] Clothes; garments; dress; as, fishing
   toggery. [Colloq.] <-- now the same idea is expressed as togs -->


   Tog"gle (?), n. [Cf. Tug.] [Written also toggel.]

   1. (Naut.) A wooden pin tapering toward both ends with a groove around
   its  middle,  fixed transversely in the eye of a rope to be secured to
   any  other  loop or bight or ring; a kind of button or frog capable of
   being readily engaged and disengaged for temporary purposes.

   2.  (Mach.)  Two  rods or plates connected by a toggle joint. <-- 3. A
   toggle  switch.  Toggle,  v.  t.  (Computer programming) To change the
   value of (a program variable) by activating a toggle switch. -->
   Toggle iron, a harpoon with a pivoted crosspiece in a mortise near the
   point to prevent it from being drawn out when a whale, shark, or other
   animal,  is  harpooned.  --  Toggle  joint,  an  elbow  or knee joint,
   consisting  of two bars so connected that they may be brought quite or
   nearly  into  a  straight  line,  and  made  to  produce great endwise
   pressure,  when any force is applied to bring them into this position.
   <--  Toggle switch, (Elec.) an electrical switch operated by pushing a
   lever  through  a  small  angle  of deflection. The lever has a spring
   which  returns  it to its original position after the pressure applied
   by  the  operator  is released. (Computer programming) A mechanism for
   acquiring  input  from an operator, such that taking some action (such
   as  pressing  a  function  key  on  a  keyboard)  will cause a program
   variable to take a new value. The values are usually changed in cyclic
   fashion, so that a certain number of activations of the toggle returns
   the  variable  to  its initial value. When there are two values to the
   variable,  each activation of the toggle causes the variable to assume
   the  alternate  value.  -->  <-- Illustrations here of toggle iron and
   togle joint. -->


   Toght (?), a. Taut. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                               Togider, Togidres

   To*gid"er (?), To*gid"res (?), adv. Together. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Togue  (?),  n.  [From  the  American  Indian  name.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The


   To*hew"  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  to-  +  hew.]  To hew in pieces. [Obs.]


   Toil  (?),  n.  [F. toiles, pl., toils, nets, fr. toile cloth, canvas,
   spider  web,  fr. L. tela any woven stuff, a web, fr. texere to weave.
   See  Text, and cf. Toilet.] A net or snare; any thread, web, or string
   spread for taking prey; -- usually in the plural.

     As  a Numidian lion, when first caught, Endures the toil that holds
     him. Denham.

     Then toils for beasts, and lime for birds, were found. Dryden.


   Toil,  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Toiled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Toiling.] [OE.
   toilen  to  pull  about, to toil; of uncertain origin; cf. OD. teulen,
   tuylen,  to labor, till, or OF. tooillier, toailler, to wash, rub (cf.
   Towel);  or perhaps ultimately from the same root as E. tug.] To exert
   strength  with  pain  and  fatigue  of body or mind, especially of the
   body, with efforts of some continuance or duration; to labor; to work.


   Toil, v. t.

   1. To weary; to overlabor. [Obs.] "Toiled with works of war." Shak.

   2. To labor; to work; -- often with out. [R.]

     Places well toiled and husbanded. Holland.

     [I] toiled out my uncouth passage. Milton.

   Page 1515


   Toil  (?),  n.  [OE. toil turmoil, struggle; cf. OD. tuyl labor, work.
   See  Toil,  v.]  Labor with pain and fatigue; labor that oppresses the
   body or mind, esp. the body.

     My task of servile toil. Milton.

     After such bloody toil, we bid good night. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; To il is  used in the formation of compounds which are
     generally  of  obvious signification; as, toil-strung, toil-wasted,
     toil-worn, and the like.

   Syn. -- Labor; drudgery; work; exertion; occupation; employment; task;
   travail.  --  Toil, Labor, Drudgery. Labor implies strenuous exertion,
   but  not  necessary  such  as  overtasks the faculties; toil denotes a
   severity  of  labor  which is painful and exhausting; drudgery implies
   mean  and degrading work, or, at least, work which wearies or disgusts
   from its minuteness or dull uniformity.

     You  do not know the heavy grievances, The toils, the labors, weary
     drudgeries, Which they impose. Southern.

     How  often  have I blessed the coming day, When toil remitting lent
     its turn to play. Goldsmith.


   Toil"er (?), n. One who toils, or labors painfully.


   Toi"let (?), n. [F. toilette, dim. of toile cloth. See Toil a net.]

   1.  A  covering  of linen, silk, or tapestry, spread over a table in a
   chamber or a dressing room.

   2. A dressing table. Pope.

   3.  Act  or  mode  of dressing, or that which is arranged in dressing;
   attire; dress; as, her toilet is perfect. [Written also toilette.]
   Toilet  glass,  a  looking-glass  for a toilet table or for a dressing
   room.  --  Toilet  service,  Toilet set, earthenware, glass, and other
   utensils  for  a  dressing  room. -- Toilet table, a dressing table; a
   toilet.  See  def.  2  above. -- To snake one's toilet, to dress one's
   self; especially, to dress one's self carefully.


   Toi*lette" (?), n. [F.] See Toilet, 3.


   Toil"ful   (?),  a.  Producing  or  involving  much  toil;  laborious;
   toilsome; as, toilful care. Mickle.


   Toi`li*nette" (?), n. [F. toilinet. See Toil a net.] A cloth, the weft
   of  which  is of woolen yarn, and the warp of cotton and silk, -- used
   for w


   Toil"less (?), a. Free from toil.


   Toil"some  (?), a. Attended with toil, or fatigue and pain; laborious;
   wearisome; as, toilsome work.

     What can be toilsome in these pleasant walks? Milton.

   -- Toil"some*ly, adv. -- Toil"some*ness, n.


   Toise  (?),  n.  [F., fr. LL. tesa, fr. L. tensus, fem. tensa, p.p. of
   tendere to stretch, extend. See Tense, a.] An old measure of length in
   France, containing six French feet, or about 6.3946 French feet.


   To*kay" (?), n. [Named fr. Tokay in Hungary.]

   1. (Bot.) A grape of an oval shape and whitish color.

   2. A rich Hungarian wine made from Tokay grapes.


   To"ken  (?),  n.  [OE.  token,  taken,  AS.  t\'becen; akin to OFries.
   t\'c7ken,  OS.  t\'c7kan,  D.  teeken, G. zeichen, OHG. Zeihhan, Icel.
   t\'bekan,  teiken,  Sw.  tecken,  Dan. tegn, Goth. taikns sign, token,
   gateihan  to  tell,  show,  AS.  te\'a2n  to  accuse,  G. zeihen, OHG.
   z\'c6han,  G.  zeigen to show, OHG. zeig\'d3n, Icel. tj\'be, L. dicere
   to say, Gr. di. Cf. Diction, Teach.]

   1.  Something  intended  or  supposed to represent or indicate another
   thing  or  an  event;  a sign; a symbol; as, the rainbow is a token of
   God's covenant established with Noah.

   2.  A  memorial  of  friendship;  something by which the friendship of
   another person is to be kept in mind; a memento; a souvenir.

     This is some token from a never friend. Shak.

   3.  Something  given or shown as a symbol or guarantee of authority or
   right; a sign of authenticity, of power, good faith, etc.

     Say, by this token, I desire his company. Shak.

   4.  A  piece  of  metal intended for currency, and issued by a private
   party,  usually  bearing  the  name  of  the issuer, and redeemable in
   lawful  money. Also, a coin issued by government, esp. when its use as
   lawful  money  is  limited  and  its intrinsic value is much below its
   nominal value.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  now made unlawful for private persons to issue

   5.  (Med.)  A  livid  spot  upon  the body, indicating, or supposed to
   indicate, the approach of death. [Obs.]

     Like  the  fearful  tokens  of  the plague, Are mere forerunners of
     their ends. Beau. & Fl.

   6.  (Print.) Ten and a half quires, or, commonly, 250 sheets, of paper
   printed  on both sides; also, in some cases, the same number of sheets
   printed on one side, or half the number printed on both sides.

   7.  (Ch. of Scot.) A piece of metal given beforehand to each person in
   the congregation who is permitted to partake of the Lord's Supper.

   8.  (Mining)  A  bit  of  leather having a peculiar mark designating a
   particular  miner. Each hewer sends one of these with each corf or tub
   he has hewn.
   Token  money,  money  which is lawfully current for more than its real
   value.  See  Token,  n., 4. -- Token sheet (Print.), the last sheet of
   each token. W. Savage.


   To"ken,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Tokened (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tokening.]
   [AS. t\'becnian, fr. t\'becen token. See Token, n.] To betoken. [Obs.]


   To"kened  (?),  a.  Marked  by  tokens,  or  spots;  as,  the  tokened
   pestilence. [Obs.] Shak.


   To"ken*less (?), a. Without a token.


   Tok"in (?), n. A tocsin. [Obs.] Halliwell.


   Tol (?), v. t. (Law) To take away. See Toll.


   To"la  (?),  n.  [Hind.,  from  Skr.  tul\'be  a balance.] A weight of
   British India. The standard tola is equal to 180 grains.


   To*lane"  (?),  n.  [From  Toluene.]  (Chem.)  A  hydrocarbon, C14H10,
   related  both  to  the acetylene and the aromatic series, and produced
   artificially as a white crystalline substance; -- called also diphenyl


   Tol"booth` (?), n. See Tollbooth.


   Told (?), imp. & p. p. of Tell.


   Tole (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Toled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Toling.] [OE.
   tollen  to  draw,  to  entice; of uncertain origin. Cf. Toll to ring a
   bell.]  To  draw, or cause to follow, by displaying something pleasing
   or desirable; to allure by some bait. [Written also toll.]

     Whatever  you  observe  him  to be more frighted at then he should,
     tole  him  on to by insensible degrees, till at last he masters the


     To*le"do  (?),  n.  A sword or sword blade made at Toledo in Spain,
     which  city  was  famous  in  the  16th  and 17th centuries for the
     excellence of its weapons.


     Tol`er*a*bol"i*ty  (?), n. The quality or state of being tolerable.
     [R.] Fuller. Wordsworth.


     Tol"er*a*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  tolerabilis:  cf. F. tol\'82rable. See

     1.   Capable   of  being  borne  or  endured;  supportable,  either
     physically or mentally.

     As  may  affect  tionearth  with  cold  and  heat Scarce tolerable.

     2.  Moderately  good  or  agreeable;  not  contemptible;  not  very
     excellent or pleasing, but such as can be borne or received without
     disgust,  resentment,  or  opposition;  passable;  as,  a tolerable
     administration; a tolerable entertainment; a tolerable translation.
     Dryden. -- Tol"er*a*ble*ness, n. -- Tol"er*a*bly, adv.


     Tol"er*ance (?), n. [L. tolerantia: cf. F. tol\'82rance.]

     1.  The  power  or  capacity  of  enduring;  the  act  of enduring;

     Diogenes,  one  frosty morning, came into the market place,shaking,
     to show his tolerance. Bacon.

     2.  The  endurance  of  the  presence  or  actions of objectionable
     persons, or of the expression of offensive opinions; toleration.

     3.  (Med.)  The  power  possessed  or  acquired  by some persons of
     bearing  doses  of  medicine  which  in  ordinary cases would prove
     injurious or fatal.

   Tolerance of the mint. (Coinage) Same as Remedy of the mint. See under


   Tol"er*ant (?), a. [L. tolerans, p.pr. of tolerare to tolerate: cf. F.
   tol\'82rant. See Tolerate.] Inclined to tolerate; favoring toleration;
   forbearing; ingulgent.


   Tol"er*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Tolerated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tolerating.]  [L.  toleratus,  p.p.  of tolerare, fr. the same root as
   tollere to lift up, tuli, used as perfect of ferre to bear, latus (for
   tlatus),  used  as p.p. of ferre to bear, and E. thole. See Thole, and
   cf. Atlas, Collation, Delay, Elate, Extol, Legislate, Oblate, Prelate,
   Relate,  Superlative, Talent, Toll to take away, Translate.] To suffer
   to  be,  or  to be done, without prohibition or hindrance; to allow or
   permit negatively, by not preventing; not to restrain; to put up with;
   as, to tolerate doubtful practices.

     Crying should not be tolerated in children. Locke.

     We tolerate them because property and liberty, to a degree, require
     that toleration. Burke.

   Syn. -- See Permit.


   Tol`er*a"tion (?), n. [L. toleratio: cf. OF. toleration.]

   1.  The  act  of tolerating; the allowance of that which is not wholly

   2.  Specifically,  the  allowance  of  religious opinions and modes of
   worship  in  a state when contrary to, or different from, those of the
   established church or belief.

   3.  Hence,  freedom  from  bigotry  and  severity  in  judgment of the
   opinions  or  belief  of  others,  especially  in respect to religious


   Toll  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  tollere. See Tolerate.] (O. Eng. Law) To take
   away; to vacate; to annul.


   Toll, v. t. [See Tole.]

   1. To draw; to entice; to allure. See Tole.

   2.  [Probably  the same word as toll to draw, and at first meaning, to
   ring in order to draw people to church.] To cause to sound, as a bell,
   with  strokes  slowly  and uniformly repeated; as, to toll the funeral
   bell. "The sexton tolled the bell." Hood.

   3.  To strike, or to indicate by striking, as the hour; to ring a toll
   for; as, to toll a departed friend. Shak.

     Slow tolls the village clock the drowsy hour. Beattie.

   4. To call, summon, or notify, by tolling or ringing.

     When  hollow  murmurs  of  their  evening  bells Dismiss the sleepy
     swains, and toll them to their cells. Dryden.


   Toll,  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Tolled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tolling.] To
   sound  or  ring,  as  a  bell,  with  strokes  uniformly  repeated  at
   intervals,  as  at  funerals, or in calling assemblies, or to announce
   the death of a person.

     The country cocks do crow, the clocks do toll. Shak.

     Now sink in sorrows with a tolling bell. Pope.


   Toll,  n. The sound of a bell produced by strokes slowly and uniformly


   Toll  (?),  n. [OE. tol, AS. toll; akin to OS. & D. tol, G. zoll, OHG.
   zol,  Icel.  tollr,  Sw.  tull,  Dan.  told,  and  also to E. tale; --
   originally, that which is counted out in payment. See Tale number.]

   1.  A  tax  paid  for  some liberty or privilege, particularly for the
   privilege  of  passing  over  a bridge or on a highway, or for that of
   vending goods in a fair, market, or the like.

   2. (Sax. & O. Eng. Law) A liberty to buy and sell within the bounds of
   a manor.

   3.  A  portion  of  grain  taken  by  a  miller  as a compensation for
   Toll  and  team  (O.  Eng. Law), the privilege of having a market, and
   jurisdiction  of villeins. Burrill. -- Toll bar, a bar or beam used on
   a canal for stopping boats at the tollhouse, or on a road for stopping
   passengers.  --  Toll  bridge, a bridge where toll is paid for passing
   over  it.  --  Toll corn, corn taken as pay for grinding at a mill. --
   Toll dish, a dish for measuring toll in mills. -- Toll gatherer, a man
   who  takes,  or gathers, toll. -- Toll hop, a toll dish. [Obs.] Crabb.
   --  Toll  thorough  (Eng. Law), toll taken by a town for beasts driven
   through it, or over a bridge or ferry maintained at its cost. Brande &
   C. -- Toll traverse (Eng. Law), toll taken by an individual for beasts
   driven  across  his ground; toll paid by a person for passing over the
   private  ground,  bridge, ferry, or the like, of another. -- Toll turn
   (Eng.  Law),  a  toll paid at the return of beasts from market, though
   they were not sold. Burrill. Syn. -- Tax; custom; duty; impost.


   Toll (?), v. i.

   1. To pay toll or tallage. [R.] Shak.

   2. To take toll; to raise a tax. [R.]

     Well could he [the miller] steal corn and toll thrice. Chaucer.

     No Italian priest Shall tithe or toll in our dominions. Shak.


   Toll, v. t. To collect, as a toll. Shak.


   Toll"a*ble (?), a. Subject to the payment of toll; as, tollable goods.


   Toll"age (?), n. Payment of toll; also, the amount or quantity paid as
   toll. Drayton.


   Toll"booth` (?), n. [Toll a tax + booth.] [Written also tolbooth.]

   1.  A  place  where goods are weighed to ascertain the duties or toll.

     He saw Levy . . . sitting at the tollbooth. Wyclif (Mark ii. 14).

   2.  In  Scotland,  a  burgh jail; hence, any prison, especially a town
   jail. Sir W. Scott.


   Toll"booth`, v. t. To imprison in a tollbooth. [R.]

     That they might tollbooth Oxford men. Bp. Corbet.


   Toll"er  (?), n. [AS. tollere.] A toll gatherer. "Tollers in markets."
   Piers Plowman.


   Toll"er, n. One who tolls a bell.


   Tol"le*tane  (?),  a.  [L.  Toletanus.]  Of or pertaining to Toledo in
   Spain; made in Toledo. [Obs.] "Tables Tolletanes." Chaucer.


   Toll"gate` (?), n. A gate where toll is taken.


   Toll"house`  (?), n.; pl. Tollhouses (. A house occupied by a receiver
   of tolls.


   Toll"man  (?), n.; pl. Tollmen (. One who receives or collects toll; a
   toll gatherer. Cowper.


   Tol"men (?), n. See Dolmen.


   Tol"ses*ter  (?), n. [LL. tolsestrum. Cf. Toll a tax.] (O. Eng. Law) A
   toll  or tribute of a sextary of ale, paid to the lords of some manors
   by their tenants, for liberty to brew and sell ale. Cowell.


   Tol"sey  (?),  n.  A  tollbooth;  also, a merchants' meeting place, or
   exchange. [Obs.] Halliwell.


   Tolt (?), n. [LL. tolta, fr. L. tollere to take away.] (O. Eng. Law) A
   writ  by  which  a  cause  pending in a court baron was removed into a
   country court. Cowell.


   Tol"tec  (?),  n.  (Ethnol.)  One  of  a  race which formerly occupied
   Mexico. -- Tol"te*can (#), a.


   To*lu"  (?), n. A fragrant balsam said to have been first brought from
   Santiago  de  Tolu,  in New Granada. See Balsam of Tolu, under Balsam.
   Tolu  tree  (Bot.),  a  large tree (Myroxylon toluiferum), the wood of
   which  is red in the center, and has an aromatic rose odor. It affords
   the balsam called tolu.
   Tol"u*ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of any one of the toluic acids. 


   Tol"u*ene  (?),  n. [Tolu + benzene.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon, C6H5.CH3,
   of  the  aromatic  series,  homologous with benzene, and obtained as a
   light  mobile  colorless  liquid, by distilling tolu balsam, coal tar,
   etc.; -- called also methyl benzene, phenyl methane, etc.


   Tol`u*e"nyl (?), n. [Toluene + -yl.] (Chem.) Tolyl. [Obs.]


   To*lu"ic  (?),  a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, one of three
   metameric  acids,  CH3.C6H4.CO2H,  which  are  related  to toluene and
   analogous to benzoic acids. They are white crystalline substances, and
   are   called  respectively  orthotoluic  acid,  metatoluic  acid,  and
   paratoluic acid.


   Tol"u*id  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  complex  double  tolyl  and  toluidine
   derivative of glycocoll, obtained as a white crystalline substance.


   To*lu"i*dine  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  Any  one  of  three  metameric  amido
   derivatives  of  toluene analogous to aniline, and called respectively
   orthtoluidine,   metatoluidine,  and  paratoluidine;  especially,  the
   commonest  one,  or  paratoluidine,  which  is  obtained  as  a  white
   crystalline substance.

     NOTE: &hand; It   is   us ed in  th e an iline dy e in dustry, an d
     constitutes the essential nucleus or radical of those dyes.

                                Toluol, Toluole

   Tol"u*ol, Tol"u*ole (?) n. [Tolu + benzol.] (Chem.) Same as Toluene.


   To*lu"ric  (?),  a.  [Toluic  +  uric.]  (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or
   designating,   any   one   of   three   isomeric   crystalline  acids,
   C9H10ON.CO2H, which are toluyl derivatives of glycocoll.


   Tol`u*ta"tion  (?), n. [L. tolutim on a trot, properly, lifting up the
   feet,  akin to tollere to lift up.] A pacing or ambling. [Obs.] Sir T.


   Tol"u*yl  (?),  n.  [Toluic  +  -yl.]  (Chem.)  Any  one  of the three
   hypothetical radicals corresponding to the three toluic acids.


   Tol"u*yl*ene  (?), n. (Chem.) (a) Same as Stilbene. (b) Sometimes, but
   less properly, tolylene.


   Tol"yl  (?),  n.  [Toluic  +  -yl.]  (Chem.)  The hydrocarbon radical,
   CH3.C6H4,  regarded  as  characteristic  of  certain  compounds of the
   aromatic series related to toluene; as, tolyl carbinol.


   Tol"yl*ene   (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  hydrocarbon  radical,  C6H4.(CH2)2,
   regarded as characteristic of certain toluene derivatives.


   Tol`y*peu"tine (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The apar.


   Tom (?), n. The knave of trumps at gleek. [Obs.]


   Tom"a*hawk (?), n. [Of American Indian origin; cf. Algonkin tomehagen,
   Mohegan  tumnahegan,  Delaware tamoihecan.] A kind of war hatchet used
   by  the  American  Indians.  It  was  originally  made  of  stone, but
   afterwards of iron.


   Tom"a*hawk,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Tomahawked (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Tomahawking.] To cut, strike, or kill, with a tomahawk.


   Tom"a`ley  (?),  n. The liver of the lobster, which becomes green when
   boiled; -- called also tomalline.

   Page 1516


   To*man"  (?), n. [Per. t\'d3m\'ben; from a Mongol word signifying, ten
   thousand.] A money of account in Persia, whose value varies greatly at
   different times and places. Its average value may be reckoned at about
   two and a half dollars.


   To*ma"to  (?),  n.;  pl. Tomatoes (#). [Sp. or Pg. tomate, of American
   Indian origin; cf. Mexican tomail.] (Bot.) The fruit of a plant of the
   Nightshade  family  (Lycopersicum esculentun); also, the plant itself.
   The  fruit,  which is called also love apple, is usually of a rounded,
   flattened form, but often irregular in shape. It is of a bright red or
   yellow  color,  and  is  eaten  either cooked or uncooked. Tomato gall
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  large gall consisting of a mass of irregular swellings
   on  the  stems  and  leaves  of  grapevines. They are yellowish green,
   somewhat  tinged  with  red,  and  produced  by  the  larva of a small
   two-winged  fly  (Lasioptera  vitis). -- Tomato sphinx (Zo\'94l.), the
   adult  or  imago  of the tomato worm. It closely resembles the tobacco
   hawk  moth. Called also tomato hawk moth. See Illust. of Hawk moth. --
   Tomato  worm  (Zo\'94l.),  the  larva of a large hawk moth (Sphinx, OR
   Macrosila,  quinquemaculata) which feeds upon the leaves of the tomato
   and potato plants, often doing considerable damage. Called also potato


   Tomb  (?), n. [OE. tombe, toumbe, F. tombe, LL. tumba, fr. Gr. tumulus
   a mound. Cf. Tumulus.]

   1.  A  pit  in  which  the  dead body of a human being is deposited; a
   grave; a sepulcher.

     As one dead in the bottom of a tomb. Shak.

   2.  A house or vault, formed wholly or partly in the earth, with walls
   and a roof, for the reception of the dead. "In tomb of marble stones."

   3.  A  monument  erected to inclose the body and preserve the name and
   memory of the dead.

     Hang her an epitaph upon her tomb. Shak.

   Tomb bat (Zo\'94l.), any one of species of Old World bats of the genus
   Taphozous  which  inhabit  tombs,  especially the Egyptian species (T.


   Tomb,,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Tombed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tombing.] To
   place in a tomb; to bury; to inter; to entomb.

     I tombed my brother that I might be blessed. Chapman.


   Tom"bac  (?),  n.  [Pg. tambaca,tambaque, fr. Malay tamb\'bega copper;
   cf.  Skr.  t\'bemraka; cf. F. tombac.] (Metal.) An alloy of copper and
   zinc, resembling brass, and containing about 84 per cent of copper; --
   called also German, OR Dutch, brass. It is very malleable and ductile,
   and  when beaten into thin leaves is sometimes called Dutch metal. The
   addition  of  arsenic  makes  white  tombac. [Written also tombak, and


   Tom"bes*ter  (?),  n. [See Tumble, and -ster.] A female dancer. [Obs.]


   Tomb"less (?), a. Destitute of a tomb.


   Tom"boy`  (?), n. [Tom (for Thomas, L. Thomas, fr. Gr. boy.] A romping
   girl; a hoiden. [Colloq.] J. Fletcher.


   Tomb"stone`  (?),  n.  A  stone  erected over a grave, to preserve the
   memory of the deceased.


   Tom"cat` (?), n. [Tom (see Tomboy) + cat.] A male cat, especially when
   full grown or of large size.


   Tom"cod`  (?), n. [Tom (see Tomboy) + cod: cf. F. tacaud whiting pout,
   American  Indian  tacaud,  literally,  plenty  fish.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) A
   small  edible American fish (Microgadus tomcod) of the Codfish family,
   very  abundant  in  autumn on the Atlantic coast of the Northen United
   States; -- called also frostfish. See Illust. under Frostfish. (b) The
   kingfish. See Kingfish (a). (c) The jack. See 2d Jack, 8. (c).


   Tome  (?),  n.  [F. tome (cf. It., Sp., & Pg. tomo), L. tomus, fr. Gr.
   tondere  to shear, E. tonsure. Cf. Anatomy, Atom, Entomology, Epitome.
   ]  As many writings as are bound in a volume, forming part of a larger
   work; a book; -- usually applied to a ponderous volume.

     Tomes of fable and of dream. Cowper.

     A more childish expedient than that to which he now resorted is not
     to be found in all the tomes of the casuists. Macaulay.


   Tome"let (?), n. All small tome, or volume. [R.]


   To"men*tose`  (?),  a.  [L.  tomentum  a  stuffing  of  wool, hair, or
   feathers:  cf.  F.  tomenteux.]  (Bot. & Zo\'94l.) Covered with matted
   woolly  hairs;  as,  a  tomentose  leaf; a tomentose leaf; a tomentose


   To*me"tous (?), a. Tomentose.


   To*men"tum  (?),  n.; pl. Tomenta (#). [L. See Tomentose. ] (Bot.) The
   closely  matted hair or downy nap covering the leaves or stems of some


   Tom"fool` (?), n. [Tom (see Tomboy) + fool.] A great fool; a trifler.


   Tom`fool"er*y (?), n. Folly; trifling.


   To"mi*um  (?),  n.; pl. Tomia (#) [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The cutting
   edge of the bill of a bird.


   Tom"john`  (?),  n.  [Probably  of East Indian origin.] A kind of open
   sedan used in Ceylon, carried by a single pole on men's shoulders.


   Tom"my (?), n.

   1.  Bread,  --  generally  a penny roll; the supply of food carried by
   workmen as their daily allowance. [Slang,Eng.]

   2.  A  truck,  or  barter; the exchange of labor for goods, not money.
   [Slang, Eng.]

     NOTE: &hand; To mmy is  used adjectively or in compounds; as, tommy
     master, tommy-store,tommy-shop,etc.


   Tom"nod`dy (?), n. [Tom (see Tomboy) + noddy.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) A sea bird, the puffin. [Prov.Eng.]

   2. A fool; a dunce; a noddy.


   To*mop"te*ris  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of transparent
   marine  annelids  which  swim actively at the surface of the sea. They
   have  deeply  divided or forked finlike organs (parapodia). This genus
   is the type of the order, or suborder, Gymnocopa.


   To*morn" (?), adv. [Prep. to + morn.] To-morrow. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   To*mor"row (?), adv. [Prep. to + morrow.] On the day after the present
   day; on the next day; on the morrow.

     Summon him to-morrow to the Tower. Shak.


   To*mor"row (?), n. The day after the present; the morrow."To-morrow is
   our wedding day." Cowper.

     One today is worth two to-morrows. Franklin.


   Tom"pi*on (?), n. [See Tampios]

   1. A stopper of a cannon or a musket. See Tampion.

   2.  (Mus.)  A  plug in a flute or an organ pipe, to modulate the tone.

   3. The iron bottom to which grapeshot are fixed.


   Tom"pon  (?),  n.  [F.  tampon.  See  Tampion.]  An inking pad used in
   lithographic printing.


   Tom"rig` (?), n. [Tom (see Tomboy) + rig.)] A rude, wild, wanton girl;
   a hoiden; a tomboy. Dennis.


   Tom"tit`  (?),  n. [Tom (see Tomboy) + tit the bird.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) A
   titmouse,   esp.   the   blue  titmouse.  [Prov.eng.]  (b)  The  wren.


   Tom"-tom` (?), n. See Tam-tam.


   Ton (?), obs. pl. of Toe. Chaucer.


   Ton  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Tunny.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The  common  tunny, or house


   Ton  (?), n. [F. See Tone.] The prevailing fashion or mode; vogue; as,
   things of ton. Byron.

     If  our  people  of ton are selfish, at any rate they show they are
     selfish. Thackeray.

   Bon ton. See in the Vocabulary.


   Ton  (?),  n.  [OE. tonne, tunne, a tun, AS. tunne a tun, tub, a large
   vessel; akin to G. & F. tonne a ton, tun, LL. tunna a tun; all perhaps
   of Celtic origin; cf. Ir. & Gael. tunna a tun. Cf. Tun,Tunnel.] (Com.)
   A  measure  of  weight or quantity. Specifically: -- (a) The weight of
   twenty hundredweight.

     NOTE: &hand; In  En gland, th e to n is 2,240 pounds. In the United
     States  the  ton  is commonly estimated at 2,000 pounds, this being
     sometimes  called  the  short  ton,  while  that of 2,240 pounds is
     called the long ton.

   (b)  (Naut.  &  Com.)  Forty  cubic  feet  of space, being the unit of
   measurement  of  the  burden,  or carrying capacity, of a vessel; as a
   vessel  of  300  tons burden. See the Note under Tonnage. (c) (Naut. &
   Com.)  A  certain weight or quantity of merchandise, with reference to
   transportation  as  freight;  as,  six hundred weight of ship bread in
   casks, seven hundred weight in bags, eight hundred weight in bulk; ten
   bushels  of  potatoes;  eight  sacks,  or ten barrels, of flour; forty
   cubic feet of rough, or fifty cubic feet of hewn, timber, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; Ton and tun have the same etymology, and were formerly
     used  interchangeably; but now ton generally designates the weight,
     and tun the cask. See Tun.


   To*nal"i*ty  (?), n. [Cf. F. tonalit\'82.] (Mus.) The principle of key
   in  music;  the character which a composition has by virtue of the key
   in  which it is written, or through the family relationship of all its
   tones and chords to the keynote, or tonic, of the whole.

     The  predominance  of  the tonic as the link which connects all the
     tones  of  a  piece,  we  may, with F\'82tis, term the principle of
     tonality. Helmholtz.


   To"-name`  (?),  n.  [prep.  to + name.] A name added, for the sake of
   distinction,  to  one's  surname,  or  used  instead  of  it.  [Scot.]

                                  Tonca bean

   Ton"ca bean` (?). (Bot.) See Tonka bean.


   Tone  (?),  n.  [F. ton, L. tonus a sound, tone, fr. Gr. Thin, and cf.
   Monotonous, Thunder, Ton fasion,Tune.]

   1.  Sound,  or  the  character of a sound, or a sound considered as of
   this or that character; as, a low, high, loud, grave, acute, sweet, or
   harsh tone.

     [Harmony divine] smooths her charming tones. Milton.

     Tones that with seraph hymns might blend. Keble.

   2.  (Rhet.)  Accent,  or  inflection  or  modulation  of the voice, as
   adapted to express emotion or passion.

     Eager his tone, and ardent were his eyes. Dryden.

   3.  A  whining  style  of  speaking;  a kind of mournful or artificial
   strain  of  voice;  an  affected speaking with a measured rhythm ahd a
   regular  rise  and  fall  of the voice; as, children often read with a

   4.  (Mus.)  (a) A sound considered as to pitch; as, the seven tones of
   the  octave;  she has good high tones. (b) The larger kind of interval
   between  contiguous  sounds  in  the diatonic scale, the smaller being
   called  a semitone as, a whole tone too flat; raise it a tone. (c) The
   peculiar quality of sound in any voice or instrument; as, a rich tone,
   a  reedy  tone.  (d)  A mode or tune or plain chant; as, the Gregorian

     NOTE: &hand; The use of the word tone, both for a sound and for the
     interval  between  two sounds or tones, is confusing, but is common
     -- almost universal.

     NOTE: &hand; Nearly every musical sound is composite, consisting of
     several  simultaneous  tones  having  different  rates of vibration
     according  to  fixed  laws,  which  depend  upon  the nature of the
     vibrating  body  and  the  mode of excitation. The components (of a
     composite  sound)  are  called  partial  tones; that one having the
     lowest  rate  of  vibration  is the fundamental tone, and the other
     partial  tones  are  called  harmonics, or overtones. The vibration
     ratios  of  the  partial tones composing any sound are expressed by
     all,  or  by  a  part,  of the numbers in the series 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
     etc.;  and the quality of any sound (the tone color) is due in part
     to  the  presence  or  absence  of overtones as represented in this
     series,  and  in  part  to  the  greater or less intensity of those
     present as compared with the fundamental tone and with one another.
     Resultant  tones,  combination  tones,  summation tones, difference
     tones, Tartini's tones (terms only in part synonymous) are produced
     by  the  simultaneous  sounding  of  two or more primary (simple or
     composite) tones.

   5.  (Med.)  That state of a body, or of any of its organs or parts, in
   which the animal functions are healthy and performed with due vigor.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th is sense, the word is metaphorically applied to
     character  or  faculties,  intellectual and moral; as, his mind has
     lost its tone.

   6. (Physiol.) Tonicity; as, arterial tone.

   7. State of mind; temper; mood.

     The  strange  situation  I am in and the melancholy state of public
     affairs,  .  . . drag the mind down . . . from a philosophical tone
     or  temper,  to  the  drudgery  of  private  and  public  business.

     Their tone was dissatisfied, almost menacing. W. C. Bryant.

   8.  Tenor;  character;  spirit; drift; as, the tone of his remarks was

   9. General or prevailing character or style, as of morals, manners, or
   sentiment,  in reference to a scale of high and low; as, a low tone of
   morals; a tone of elevated sentiment; a courtly tone of manners.

   10.  The  general  effect  of a picture produced by the combination of
   light  and  shade,  together  with color in the case of a painting; --
   commonly used in a favorable sense; as, this picture has tone.
   Tone color. (Mus.) see the Note under def. 4, above. -- Tone syllable,
   an accented syllable. M. Stuart.


   Tone (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Toned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Toning.]

   1. To utter with an affected tone.

   2. To give tone, or a particular tone, to; to tune. See Tune, v. t.

   3.  (Photog.)  To  bring,  as  a print, to a certain required shade of
   color, as by chemical treatment.
   To  tone  down.  (a)  To  cause to give lower tone or sound; to give a
   lower  tone  to.  (b)  (Paint.) To modify, as color, by making it less
   brilliant  or  less  crude;  to  modify, as a composition of color, by
   making it more harmonius.

     Its thousand hues toned down harmoniusly. C. Kingsley.

   (c)  Fig.:  To  moderate  or relax; to diminish or weaken the striking
   characteristics of; to soften.

     The best method for the purpose in hand was to employ some one of a
     character   and   position   suited  to  get  possession  of  their
     confidence,   and   then  use  it  to  tone  down  their  religious
     strictures. Palfrey.

   --  To  tone  up,  to  cause to give a higher tone or sound; to give a
   higher tone to; to make more intense; to heighten; to strengthen.


   Toned  (?),  a.  Having (such) a tone; -- chiefly used in composition;
   as,  high-toned; sweet-toned. Toned paper, paper having a slight tint,
   in distinction from paper which is quite white.


   Tone"less (?), a. Having no tone; unmusical.

                                  Tong, Tonge

   Tong (?), Tonge, n. Tongue. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ton"ga  (?),  n.  (Med.)  A  drug  useful in neuralgia, derived from a
   Fijian plant supposed to be of the aroid genus Epipremnum.


   Tong"kang  (?),  n. (Naut.) A kind of boat or junk used in the seas of
   the Malay Archipelago.


   Ton"go (?), n. The mangrove; -- so called in the Pacific Islands.


   Tongs  (?),  n.  pl. [OE. tonge, tange, AS. tange; akin to D. tang, G.
   zanga,  OHG.  zanga,  Don.  tang,  Sw.  tng, Icel. tng, Gr. dadaTang a
   strong  taste,  anything projecting.] An instrument, usually of metal,
   consisting  of  two parts, or long shafts, jointed together at or near
   one  end,  or  united  by  an  elastic  bow, used for handling things,
   especially hot coals or metals; -- often called a pair of tongs.


   Tongue (?), n. [OE. tunge, tonge, AS. tunge; akin to OFries. tunge, D.
   tong,  OS.  tunga, G. zunge, OHG. zunga, Icel. & Sw. tunga, Dan tunge,
   Goth. tugdingua, L. lingua. Language, Lingo. ]

   1.  (Anat.)  an  organ  situated  in  the  floor  of the mouth of most
   vertebrates and connected with the hyoid arch.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e to ngue is  usually muscular, mobile, and free at
     one  extremity,  and in man other mammals is the principal organ of
     taste,  aids  in  the  prehension  of  food,  in swallowing, and in
     modifying the voice as in speech.

     To make his English sweet upon his tongue. Chaucer.

   2. The power of articulate utterance; speech.

     Parrots imitating human tongue. Dryden.

   3. Discourse; fluency of speech or expression.

     Much tongue and much judgment seldom go together. L. Estrange.

   4. Honorable discourse; eulogy. [Obs.]

     She  was  born  noble; let that title find her a private grave, but
     neither tongue nor honor. Beau. & Fl.

   5. A language; the whole sum of words used by a particular nation; as,
   the English tongue. Chaucer.

     Whose tongue thou shalt not understand. Deut. xxviii. 49.

     To speak all tongues. Milton.

   6.  Speech;  words  or  declarations  only;  -- opposed to thoughts or

     My  little children, let us love in word, neither in tongue, but in
     deed and in truth. 1 John iii. 18.

   7. A people having a distinct language.

     A will gather all nations and tongues. Isa. lxvi. 18.

   8.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The lingual ribbon, or odontophore, of a mollusk.
   (b)  The  proboscis  of  a  moth  or a butterfly. (c) The lingua of an

   9. (Zo\'94l.) Any small sole.

   10.  That  which  is  considered  as  resembing an animal's tongue, in
   position  or  form.  Specifically:  --  (a)  A  projection, or slender
   appendage or fixture; as, the tongue of a buckle, or of a balance.

   Page 1517

   (b) A projection on the side, as of a board, which fits into a groove.
   (c)  A  point,  or  long,  narrow  strip  of land, projecting from the
   mainland  into a sea or a lake. (d) The pole of a vehicle; especially,
   the  pole  of  an ox cart, to the end of which the oxen are yoked. (e)
   The  clapper  of a bell. (f) (Naut.) A sort piece of rope spliced into
   the upper part of standing backstays, etc.; also. the upper main piece
   of a mast composed of several pieces. (g) (Mus.) Same as Reed, n., 5.
   To  hold  the  tongue, to be silent. -- Tongue bone (Anat.), the hyoid
   bone.  --  Tongue  grafting.  See  under  Grafting.  Syn. -- Language;
   speech; expression. See Language.


   Tongue  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Tongued  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To speak; to utter. "Such stuff as madmen tongue." Shak.

   2. To chide; to scold.

     How might she tongue me. Shak


   3.  (Mus.) To modulate or modify with the tongue, as notes, in playing
   the flute and some other wind instruments.

   4. To join means of a tongue and grove; as, to tongue boards together.


   Tongue, v. i.

   1. To talk; to prate. Dryden.

   2.  (Mus.)  To  use the tongue in forming the notes, as in playing the
   flute and some other wind instruments.


   Tongue"bird` (?), n. The wryneck. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tongued (?), a. Having a tongue.

     Tongued like the night crow. Donne.


   Tongue"fish` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A flounder (Symphurus plagiusa) native
   of the southern coast of the United States.


   Tongue"less (?), a.

   1. Having no tongue.

   2.  Hence,  speechless; mute. "What tongueless blocks were they! would
   they not speak?" Shak.

   3. Unnamed; not spoken of. [Obs.]

     One good deed dying tongueless. Shak.


   Tongue"let (?), n. A little tongue.


   Tongue"-pad` (?), n. A great talker. [Obs.]


   Tongue"-shaped`  (?),  a.  Shaped  like a tongue; specifically (Bot.),
   linear  or  oblong,  and fleshy, blunt at the end, and convex beneath;
   as, a tongue-shaped leaf.


   Tongue"-shell` (?), n. Any species of Lingula.


   Tongue"ster (?), n. One who uses his tongue; a talker; a story-teller;
   a gossip. [Poetic.]

     Step  by  step we rose to greatness; through the tonguesters we may
     fall. Tennyson.


   Tongue"-tie`  (?),  n.  (Med.) Impeded motion of the tongue because of
   the  shortness  of the fr\'91num, or of the adhesion of its margins to
   the gums. Dunglison.


   Tongue"-tie`, v. t. To deprive of speech or the power of speech, or of
   distinct articulation.


   Tongue"-tied` (?), a.

   1.  Destitute  of  the  power  of  distinct  articulation;  having  an
   impediment in the speech, esp. when caused by a short fr\'91num.

   2. Unable to speak freely, from whatever cause.

     Love, therefore, and tongue-tied simplicity. Shak.


   Tongue"worm` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any species of Linguatulina.


   Tongu"y  (?),  a.  Ready or voluble in speaking; as, a tonguy speaker.
   [Written also tonguey.] [Colloq.]


   Ton"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. tonigue, Gr. Tone.]

   1.  Of  or  relating to tones or sounds; specifically (Phon.), applied
   to,  or  distingshing,  a  speech  sound  made  with  tone unmixed and
   undimmed   by   obstruction,  such  sounds,  namely,  the  vowels  and
   diphthongs,  being  so  called  by  Dr. James Rush (1833) " from their
   forming the purest and most plastic material of intonation."

   2.  Of or pertaining to tension; increasing tension; hence, increasing
   strength; as, tonic power.

   3.  (Med.)  Increasing  strength,  or  the  tone of the animal system;
   obviating the effects of debility, and restoring heatly functions.
   Tononic spasm. (Med.) See the Note under Spasm.


   Ton"ic, n. [Cf. F. tonigue, NL. tonicum.]

   1. (Phon.) A tonic element or letter; a vowel or a diphthong.

   2. (Mus.) The key tone, or first tone of any scale.

   3.  (Med.)  A  medicine that increases the srength, and gives vigor of
   action to the system.
   Tonic sol-fa (Mus.), the name of the most popular among letter systems
   of  notation  (at  least  in  England), based on key relationship, and
   hence  called  "tonic."  Instead  of the five lines, clefs, signature,
   etc.,  of the usual notation, it employs letters and the syllables do,
   re, mi, etc., variously modified, with other simple signs of duration,
   of upper or lower octave, etc. See Sol-fa.
   Ton"ic*al (?), a. Tonic. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
   To*nic"ic*ty (?), n. (Physiol.) The state of healty tension or partial
   contraction of muscae fibers while at rest; tone; tonus.
   To*night" (?), adv. [Prep. to+night]
   1. On this present or coming night.
   2. On the last night past. [Obs.] Shak.

   To*night",  n.  The  present  or the coming night; the night after the
   present day.


   Ton"ite  (?),  n.  [Cf.L. tonare to thunder.] An explosive compound; a
   preparation of gun cotton.

                                  Tonka bean

   Ton"ka  bean`  (?).  [Cf.  F.  onca,  tonka.]  (Bot.)  The  seed  of a
   leguminous  tree  (Dipteryx  odorata),  native  of  Guiana.  It  has a
   peculiarly  agreeable smell, and is employed in the scenting of snuff.
   Called also tiononquin bean. [Written also tonca bean, tonga bean.]


   Ton"nage (?; 48), n. [From Ton a measure.]

   1. The weight of goods carried in a boat or a ship.

   2. The cubical content or burden of a vessel, or vessels, in tons; or,
   the  amount of weight which one or several vessels may carry. See Ton,
   n. (b).

     A fleet

   . . . with an aggregate tonnage of 60,000 seemed sufficient to conquer
   the world. Motley.

   3.  A  duty or impost on vessels, estimated per ton, or, a duty, toll,
   or rate payable on goods per ton transported on canals .

   4.  The whole amount of shipping estimated by tons; as, the tonnage of
   the United States. See Ton.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ere ar e in common use the following terms relating
     to  tonnage: (a) Displacement. (b) Register tonnage, gross and net.
     (c)   Freight   tonnage.   (d)  Builders'  measurement.  (e)  Yacht
     measurement.  The  first  is mainly used for war vessels, where the
     total  weight  is  likely  to be nearly constant. The second is the
     most  important, being that used for commercial purposes. The third
     and   fourth  are  different  rules  for  ascertaining  the  actual
     burden-carrying  power of a vessel, and the fifth is for the proper
     classification of pleasure craft. Gross tonnage expresses the total
     cubical  interior  of  a  vessel;  net  tonnage,  the cubical space
     actually   available   for  freight-carrying  purposes.  Rules  for
     ascertaining these measurements are established by law.


   Tonne (?), n. A tun. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ton"ni*hood  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The female of the bullfinch; -- called
   also tonyhoop. [Prov. Eng.]


   Ton"nish (?), a. In the ton; fashionable; modish. -- Ton"nish*ness, n.


   To*nom"e*ter (?), n. [Gr. -meter.]

   1.  (Physics.) An instrument for determining the rate of vibrations in

   2. (Physiol.) (a) An apparatus for studying and registering the action
   of various fluids and drugs on the excised heart of lower animals. (b)
   An instrument for measuring tension, esp. that of the eyeball.


   To*nom"e*try   (?),   n.  The  act  of  measuring  with  a  tonometer;
   specifically  (Med.),  measurement of tension, esp. the tension of the


   Ton"o*phant (?), n. [Gr. (Physics.) A modification of the kaleidophon,
   for  showing  composition  of  acoustic vibrations. It consists of two
   thin  slips of steel welded together, their length being adjystable by
   a screw socket.


   Ton"ous (?), a. Abounding in tone or sound.

                                 Tonquin bean

   Ton"quin bean` (?) See Tonka bean.


   Ton"sil  (?),  n.  [L.  tonsilltonsille.  ]  (Anat.)  One  of  the two
   glandular  organs  situated  in the throat at the sides of the fauces.
   The tonsils are sometimes called the almonds, from their shape.


   Ton"sil*ar   (?),   a.  (Anat.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  tonsils;
   tonsilitic. [Written also tonsillar.]


   Ton"sile  (?),  a.  [L. tonsilis, fr. tondere, tonsum, to shear, clip.
   See Tonsure. ] Capable of being clipped.


   Ton`sil*it"ic (?), a. (Anat.) Tonsilar. [Written also tonsillitic.]


   Ton`sil*i"tis (?), n. [NL. See Tonsil, and -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation
   of the tonsil; quinsy. [Written also, and more usually, tonsillitis.]


   Ton*sil"o*tome  (?),  n.  [Tonsil  +  Gr.  (Surg.)  An  instrument for
   removing the tonsils.


   Ton`sil*ot"o*my  (?), n. (Surg.) The operation of removing the tonsil,
   or a portion thereof.


   Ton"sor (?), n. [L.] A barber. Sir W. Scott.


   Ton*so"ri*al  (?), a. [L. tonsorius, fr. tonsor a shearer, barber, fr.
   tondere, tonsum, to shear. See Tonsure.] Of or pertaining to a barber,
   or shaving.


   Ton"sure  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  L.  tonsura  a shearing, clipping, from
   tondere, tonsum, to shear, shave; cf. Gr. tome.]

   1.  The act of clipping the hair, or of shaving the crown of the head;
   also, the state of being shorn.

   2.  (R.  C.  Ch.) (a) The first ceremony used for devoting a person to
   the  service of God and the church; the first degree of the clericate,
   given  by  a  bishop, abbot, or cardinal priest, consisting in cutting
   off  the  hair  from  a  circular  space at the back of the head, with
   prayers  and  benedictions;  hence,  entrance  or admission into minor
   orders.  (b) The shaven corona, or crown, which priests wear as a mark
   of their order and of their rank.


   Ton"sured  (?),  a. Having the tonsure; shaven; shorn; clipped; hence,

     A tonsured head in middle age forlorn. Tennyson.


   Ton*tine"  (?),  n.  [F.,  from  It.  tontina;  --  so called from its
   inventor,  Tonti,  an  Italian, of the 17th century.] An annuity, with
   the  benefit  of survivorship, or a loan raised on life annuities with
   the  benefit  of  survivorship.  Thus,  an  annuity  is shared among a
   number,  on  the  principle  that  the share of each, at his death, is
   enjoyed  by  the  survivors,  until at last the whole goes to the last
   survivor, or to the last two or three, according to the terms on which
   the money is advanced. Used also adjectively; as, tontine insurance.

     Too many of the financiers by professions are apt to see nothing in
     revenue  but  banks,  and circulations, and annuities on lives, and
     tontines, and perpetual rents, and all the small wares of the shop.


   To"nus  (?),  n. [L. a sound, tone. See Tone.] (Physiol.) Tonicity, or
   tone; as, muscular tonus.


   To"ny  (?),  n.;  pl. Tonies (#). [Abbrev. from Anthony.] A simpleton.

     A  pattern and companion fit For all the keeping tonies of the pit.


   Too (?), adv. [The same word as to, prep. See To.]

   1.  Over; more than enough; -- noting excess; as, a thing is too long,
   too short, or too wide; too high; too many; too much.

     His will, too strong to bend, too proud to learn. Cowley.

   2. Likewise; also; in addition.

     An honest courtier, yet a patriot too. Pope.

     Let  those  eyes  that  view The daring crime, behold the vengeance
     too. Pope.

   Too too, a duplication used to signify great excess.

     O that this too too solid flesh would melt. Shak.

     Such is not Charles his too too active age. Dryden.

   Syn. -- Also; likewise. See Also.


   Took (?), imp. of Take.


   Tool  (?), n. [OE. tol,tool. AS. tl; akin to Icel. tl, Goth. taijan to
   do,  to make, taui deed, work, and perhaps to E. taw to dress leather.

   1.  An  instrument  such  as a hammer, saw, plane, file, and the like,
   used  in  the  manual  arts,  to facilitate mechanical operations; any
   instrument  used  by a craftsman or laborer at his work; an implement;
   as,  the  tools  of a joiner, smith, shoe-maker, etc.; also, a cutter,
   chisel, or other part of an instrument or machine that dresses work.

   2.  A machine for cutting or shaping materials; -- also called machine

   3. Hence, any instrument of use or service.

     That  angry  fool  .  . . Whipping her house, did with his amarting
     tool Oft whip her dainty self. Spenser.

   4. A weapon. [Obs.]

     Him that is aghast of every tool. Chaucer.

   5.  A  person  used  as  an instrument by another person; -- a word of
   reproach;  as,  men of intrigue have their tools, by whose agency they
   accomplish their purposes.

     I was not made for a minion or a tool. Burks.


   Tool (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. tooled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. tooling.]

   1.  To  shape,  form, or finish with a tool. "Elaborately tooled." Ld.

   2. To drive, as a coach. [Slang,Eng.]


   Tool"ing, n. Work perfomed with a tool.

     The fine tooling and delicate tracery of the cabinet artist is lost
     upon a building of colossal proportions. De Quincey.

                             Tool-post, Tool-stock

   Tool"-post`  (?),  Tool"-stock` (?), n. (Mach.) The part of a toolrest
   in which a cutting tool is clamped.


   Tool"-rest`  (?),  n.  (Mach.) the part that supports a tool-post or a


   Toom  (?), a. [OE. tom, fr. Icel. t\'d3mr; akin to Dan. & Sw. tom, As.
   t\'d3me,  adv.  Cf.  Teem to pour.] Empty. [Obs. or Prov.Eng. & Scot.]


   Toom, v. t. To empty. [Obs. or Prov.Eng. & Scot.]


   Toon (?), obs. pl. of Toe. Chaucer.


   Toon (?), n. [Hind. tun, t\'d4n, Skr. tunna.] (Bot.) The reddish brown
   wood  of  an  East  Indian tree (Cedrela Toona) closely resembling the
   Spanish cedar; also. the tree itself.


   Toon"wood` (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Toon.


   Toot  (?),  v.  i.  [OE.  toten, AS. totian to project; hence, to peep
   out.] [Written also tout.]

   1. To stand out, or be prominent. [Obs.] Howell.

   2. To peep; to look narrowly. [Obs.] Latimer.

     For birds in bushes tooting. Spenser.


   Toot, v. t. To see; to spy. [Obs.] P. Plowman.


   Toot,  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Tooted (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Tooting.] [Cf.
   D.  toeten  to  blow a horn, G. tuten, Sw.tuta, Dan. tude; probably of
   imitative  origin.]  To blow or sound a horn; to make similar noise by
   contact  of  the  tongue  with  the  root  of  the  upper teeth at the
   beginning and end of the sound; also, to give forth such a sound, as a
   horn when blown. "A tooting horn." Howell.

     Tooting horns and rattling teams of mail coaches. Thackeray.


   Toot,  v.  t. To cause to sound, as a horn, the note being modified at
   the  beginning  and end as if by pronouncing the letter t; to blow; to


   Toot"er  (?),  n. One who toots; one who plays upon a pipe or horn. B.


   Tooth  (?),  n.;  pl>  Teeth  (#). [OE. toth,tooth, AS. ttth, OS. & D.
   tand,  OHG.  zang,  zan,  G.  zahn,  Icel. tnn, Sw. & Dan. tand, Goth.
   tumpus,  Lith.  dantis,  W. dant, L. dens, dentis, Gr. danta; probably
   originally the p. pr. of the verb to eat. \'fb239. Cf. Eat, Dandelion,
   Dent  the  tooth  of a wheel, Dental, Dentist, Indent, Tine of a fork,
   Tusk. ]

   1.  (Anat.)  One  of  the hard, bony appendages which are borne on the
   jaws,  or  on other bones in the walls of the mouth or pharynx of most
   vertebrates,  and  which usually aid in the prehension and mastication
   of food.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ha rd pa rts of  teeth are principally made up of
     dentine,  or  ivory, and a very hard substance called enamel. These
     are  variously combined in different animals. Each tooth consist of
     three  parts,  a  crown,  or body, projecting above the gum, one or
     more fangs imbedded in the jaw, and the neck, or intermediate part.
     In  some  animals  one or more of the teeth are modified into tusks
     which  project from the mouth, as in both sexes of the elephant and
     of  the  walrus,  and  in  the male narwhal. In adult man there are
     thirty-two  teeth,  composed largely of dentine, but the crowns are
     covered  with  enamel,  and  the  fangs with a layer of bone called
     cementum.  Of  the eight teeth on each half of each jaw, the two in
     front are incisors, then come one canine, cuspid, or dog tooth, two
     bicuspids,  or  false  molars, and three molars, or grinding teeth.
     The  milk,  or  temporary,  teeth  are only twenty in number, there
     being two incisors, one canine, and two molars on each half of each
     jaw.  The  last  molars, or wisdom teeth, usually appear long after
     the others, and occasionally do not appear above the jaw at all.

     How  sharper than a serpent's tooth it is To have a thankless child
     ! Shak.

   2. Fig.: Taste; palate.

     These are not dishes for thy dainty tooth. Dryden.

   3.  Any  projection corresponding to the tooth of an animal, in shape,
   position,  or  office; as, the teeth, or cogs, of a cogwheel; a tooth,
   prong,  or tine, of a fork; a tooth, or the teeth, of a rake, a saw, a
   file, a card.

   4.  (a)  A  projecting  member  resembling a tenon, but fitting into a
   mortise  that  is  only  sunk, not pierced through. (b) One of several
   steps, or offsets, in a tusk. See Tusk.

   Page 1518

   5.  (Nat.  Hist.) An angular or prominence on any edge; as, a tooth on
   the scale of a fish, or on a leaf of a plant; specifically (Bot.), one
   of  the  appendages  at  the  mouth  of  the  capsule  of  a moss. See

   6.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  hard  calcareous  or chitinous organ found in the
   mouth  of various invertebrates and used in feeding or procuring food;
   as, the teeth of a mollusk or a starfish.
   In  spite  of  the  teeth, in defiance of opposition; in opposition to
   every  effort.  --  In  the  teeth, directly; in direct opposition; in
   front. "Nor strive with all the tempest in my teeth." Pope. -- To cast
   in the teeth, to report reproachfully; to taunt or insult one with. --
   Tooth  and  nail,  as  if  by biting and scratching; with one's utmost
   power;  by  all  possible  means. L'Estrange. "I shall fight tooth and
   nail  for  international copyright." Charles Reade. -- Tooth coralline
   (Zo\'94l.),  any  sertularian  hydroid.  --  Tooth edge, the sensation
   excited  in  the  teeth by grating sounds, and by the touch of certain
   substances, as keen acids. -- Tooth key, an instrument used to extract
   teeth  by  a  motion resembling that of turning a key. -- Tooth net, a
   large  fishing  net  anchored.  [Scot.]  Jamieson.  -- Tooth ornament.
   (Arch.)  Same as Dogtooth, n., 2.<-- Tooth paste, a paste for cleaning
   the  teeth;  a  dentifrice. --> -- Tooth powder, a powder for cleaning
   the  teeth;  a dentifrice. -- Tooth rash. (Med.) See Red-gum, 1. -- To
   show  the teeth, to threaten. "When the Law shows her teeth, but dares
   not  bite."  Young.  --  To the teeth, in open opposition; directly to
   one's face. "That I shall live, and tell him to his teeth ." Shak.
   Tooth (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Toothed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Toothing.]
   1. To furnish with teeth.
     The twin cards toothed with glittering wire. Wordsworth.
   2. To indent; to jag; as, to tooth a saw.
   3. To lock into each other. See Tooth, n., 4. Moxon.


   Tooth"ache`  (?),  n.  (Med.)  Pain  in  a  tooth  or  in  the  teeth;
   odontalgia.   Toothache   grass  (Bot.),  a  kind  of  grass  (Ctenium
   Americanum) having a very pungent taste. -- Toothache tree. (Bot.) (a)
   The prickly ash. (b) A shrub of the genus Aralia (A. spinosa).


   Tooth"back` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any notodontian.


   Tooth"bill`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A peculiar fruit-eating ground pigeon
   (Didunculus  strigiostris) native of the Samoan Islands, and noted for
   its  resemblance, in several characteristics, to the extinct dodo. Its
   beak  is  stout and strongly hooked, and the mandible has two or three
   strong teeth toward the end. or ts color is chocolate red. Called also
   toothbilled pigeon, and manu-mea.


   Tooth"brush` (?), n. A brush for cleaning the teeth.


   Tooth"draw`er  (?),  n. One whose business it is to extract teeth with
   instruments; a dentist. Shak.


   Toothed (?), a.

   1.  Having  teeth; furnished with teeth. "Ruby-lipped and toothed with
   pearl." Herrick.

   2. (Bot. & Zo\'94l.) Having marginal projecting points; dentate.
   Toothed  whale  (Zo\'94l.),  any  whale  of  the  order Denticete. See
   Denticete.  -- Toothed wheel, a wheel with teeth or projections cut or
   set  on  its  edge  or circumference, for transmitting motion by their
   action on the engaging teeth of another wheel.


   Tooth"ful (?), a. Toothsome. [Obs.]


   Tooth"ing, n.

   1. The act or process of indenting or furnishing with teeth.

   2.  (Masonry)  Bricks  alternately projecting at the end of a wall, in
   order  that  they  may  be  bonded  into a continuation of it when the
   remainder is carried up.
   Toothing  plane,  a plane of which the iron is formed into a series of
   small teeth, for the purpose of roughening surfaces, as of veneers.


   Tooth"less, a. Having no teeth. Cowper.


   Tooth"let (?), n. A little tooth, or like projection.


   Tooth"let*ed,  a.  Having  a  toothlet  or toothlets; as, a toothleted
   leaf. [Written also toothletted.]


   Tooth"pick`  (?),  n.  A  pointed  instument for clearing the teeth of
   substances  lodged between them.<-- esp., a slim sliver of wood, about
   two  inches  in length, tapering to a point at both ends, and used for
   removing food particles from between the teeth after a meal. -->


   Tooth"pick`er (?), n. A toothpick. [Obs.] Shak.


   Tooth"shell"  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) Any species of Dentalium and allied
   genera having a tooth-shaped shell. See Dentalium.


   Tooth"some  (?),  a. Grateful to the taste; palable. -- Tooth"some*ly,
   adv. -- Tooth"some*ness, n.

     Though  less  toothsome  to  me,  they  were more wholesome for me.


   Tooth"wort`  (?), n. (Bot.)A plant whose roots are fancied to resemble
   teeth,  as certain plants of the genus Lathr\'91a, and various species
   of Dentaria. See Coralwort.


   Tooth"y (?), a. Toothed; with teeth. [R] Croxall.


   Too*zoo" (?), n. The ringdove. [Prov. Eng.]


   Top  (?),  n.  [CF. OD. dop, top, OHG., MNG., & dial. G. topf; perhaps
   akin to G. topf a pot.]

   1.  A  child's  toy, commonly in the form of a conoid or pear, made to
   spin  on  its  point,  usually by drawing off a string wound round its
   surface  or  stem,  the motion being sometimes continued by means of a

   2.  (Rope  Making) A plug, or conical block of wood, with longitudital
   grooves  on its surface, in which the strands of the rope slide in the
   process of twisting.


   Top  (?),  n.  [AS.  top; akin to OFries. top a tuft, D. top top, OHG.
   zopf  end,  tip, tuft of hair, G. zopf tuft of hair, pigtail, top of a
   tree,  Icel.  toppr  a  tuft  of  hair, crest, top, Dan. top, Sw. topp
   pinnacle, top; of uncertain origin. Cf. Tuft.]

   1.  The  highest  part of anything; the upper end, edge, or extremity;
   the  upper  side or surface; summit; apex; vertex; cover; lid; as, the
   top  of a spire; the top of a house; the top of a mountain; the top of
   the ground.

     The  star  that  bids the shepherd fold, Now the top of heaven doth
     hold. Milton.

   2. The utmost degree; the acme; the summit.

     The top of my ambition is to contribute to that work. Pope.

   3.   The  highest  rank;  the  most  honorable  position;  the  utmost
   attainable  place;  as, to be at the top of one's class, or at the top
   of the school.

     And wears upon hisbaby brow the round And top of sovereignty. Shak.

   4. The chief person; the most prominent one.

     Other . . . aspired to be the top of zealots. Milton.

   5.  The crown of the head, or the hair upon it; the head. "From top to
   toe" Spenser.

     All  the  stored  vengeance  of Heaven fall On her ungrateful top !

   6. The head, or upper part, of a plant.

     The  buds  .  .  .  are  called heads, or tops, as cabbageheads. I.

   7.  (Naut.)  A  platform  surrounding  the  head of the lower mast and
   projecting  on all sudes. It serves to spead the topmast rigging, thus
   strengheningthe  mast,  and also furnishes a convenient standing place
   for the men aloft. Totten.

   8.  (Wool  Manuf.)  A  bundle or ball of slivers of comkbed wool, from
   which the noils, or dust, have been taken out.

   9.  Eve;  verge; point. [R.] "He was upon the top of his marriage with
   Magdaleine." Knolles.

   10.  The  part  of a cut gem between the girdle, or circumference, and
   the table, or flat upper surface. Knight.

   11. pl. Top-boots. [Slang] Dickens.

     NOTE: &hand; To p is often used adjectively or as the first part of
     compound   words,   usually  self-explaining;  as,  top  stone,  or
     topstone; top-boots, or top boots; top soil, or top-soil.

   Top  and  but  (Shipbuilding),  a  phrase  used  to denote a method of
   working  long  tapering planks by bringing the but of one plank to the
   top  of  the other to make up a constant breadth in two layers. -- Top
   minnow  (Zo\'94l.),  a  small  viviparous  fresh-water  fish (Gambusia
   patruelis)  abundant  in  the  Southern United States. Also applied to
   other similar species.


   Top, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Topped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Topping.]

   1.  To  rise  aloft;  to  be  eminent;  to tower; as, lofty ridges and
   topping mountains. Derham.

   2.  To  predominate;  as,  topping  passions.  "Influenced  by topping
   uneasiness." Locke.

   3. To excel; to rise above others.

     But write thy, and top. Dryden.


   Top, v. t.

   1.  To  cover  on the top; to tip; to cap; -- chiefly used in the past

     Like moving mountains topped with snow. Waller.

     A mount Of alabaster, topped with golden spires. Milton.

   2. To rise above; to excel; to outgo; to surpass.

     Topping all others in boasting. Shak.

     Edmund the base shall top the legitimate. Shak.

   3. To rise to the top of; to go over the top of.

     But wind about till thou hast topped the hill. Denham.

   4. To take off the or upper part of; to crop.

     Top your rose trees a little with your knife. Evelyn.

   5. To perform eminently, or better than before.

     From  endeavoring  universally  to  top  their  parts, they will go
     universally beyond them. Jeffrey.

   6.  (Naut.)  To  raise one end of, as a yard, so that that end becomes
   higher than the other.
   To  top  off,  to  complete  by  putting  on, or finishing, the top or
   uppermost  part of; as, to top off a stack of hay; hence, to complete;
   to  finish;  to adorn.<-- (b) to completely fill (an almost full tank)
   by adding more of the liquid it already contains.-->
   To"parch  (?),  n.  [L.  toparcha, Gr. The ruler or principal man in a
   place or country; the governor of a toparchy. 

     The prince and toparch of that country. Fuller.


   To"parch*y (?), n.; pl. Toparchies (#). [L. toparchia, Gr. Toparch.] A
   small  state,  consisting  of  a  few cities or towns; a petty country
   governed  by  a  toparch;  as,  Judea  was  formerly  divided into ten
   toparchies. Fuller.


   Top"-ar`mor  (?), n. (Naut.) A top railing supported by stanchions and
   equipped with netting.


   To"pau (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The rhinocerous bird (a).


   To"paz  (?), n. [OE. topas, F. topaze, L. topazos, or topazion, a kind
   of  precious stone, Gr. to`pazos, topa`zion; possibly akin to Skr. tap
   to  glow  (cf.  Tepid). According to some, the name is from Topazos, a
   small  island  in the Red Sea, where the Romans obtained a stone which
   they called by this name, but which is the chrysolite of the moderns.]

   1.  (Min.)  A mineral occurring in rhombic prisms, generally yellowish
   and  pellucid,  also  colorless,  and of greenesh, bluish, or brownish
   shades.  It  sometimes occurs massive and opaque. It is a fluosilicate
   of alumina, and is used as a gem.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)Either  one of two species of large, brilliantly colored
   humming birds of the Topaza, of South America and the West Indies.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e tw o ta il fe athers next to the central ones are
     much  longer  that  the  rest,  curved,  and crossed. The Throat is
     metallic yellowish-green, with a tint like topaz in the center, the
     belly  is  bright  crimson,  the back bright red. Called also topaz

   False topaz. (Min.) See the Note under Quartz.


   To*paz"o*lite  (?),  n.  [Topaz + -lite; cf. F. topazolithe.] (Min.) A
   topaz-yellow variety of garnet.


   Top"-block`  (?),  n.  (Naut.) A large ironbound block strapped with a
   hook,  and,  when  used,  hung  to  an  eyebolt in the cap, -- used in
   swaying and lowering the topmast. Totten.


   Top"-boots  (?),  n.  pl.  High boots, having generally a band of some
   kind of light-colored leather around the upper part of the leg; riding


   Top"-chain`  (?),  n. (Naut.) A chain for slinging the lower yards, in
   time  of  action, to prevent their falling, if the ropes by which they
   are hung are shot away.


   Top"-cloth  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  A  piece  of  canvas  used to cover the
   hammocks which are lashed to the top in action to protect the topmen.


   Top"coat` (?), n. An outer coat; an overcoat.


   Top"-drain`  (?),  v.  t.  To  drain  the  surface of, as land; as, to
   top-drain a field or farm.


   Top"-drain`ing, n. The act or practice of drining the surface of land.


   Top"-dress`  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Top-dressed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Top-dressing.] To apply a surface dressing of manureto,as land.


   Top"-dress`ing,  n.  The  act  of applying a dressing of manure to the
   surface of land; also, manure so applied.


   Tope  (?), n. [Probably from Skr. stpa a tope, astupa, through Prakrin
   tppo.]  A  moundlike  Buddhist  sepulcher, or memorial monument. often
   erected over a Buddhish relic.


   Tope,  n.  [Tamil  tppu.] A grove or clumb of trees; as, a toddy tope.
   [India] Whitworth.


   Tope, n.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small  shark  or  dogfish  (Galeorhinus, OR Galeus,
   galeus),  native of Europe, but found also on the coasts of California
   and Tasmania; -- called also toper, oil shark, miller's dog, and penny

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The wren. [Prov. Eng.]


   Tope,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Toped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Toping.] [F.
   t(░)per  to  cover  a  stake  in  playing at dice, to accept an offer,
   t(░)pe  agreed  !; -- perhaps imitative of the sound of striking hands
   on  concluding  a  bargain.  From  being used in English as a drinking
   term,  probably  at  first  in  accepting  a  toast.] To drink hard or
   frequently; to drink strong or spiritous liquors to excess.

     If you tope in form, and treat. Dryden.


   To"per  (?),  n.  One  who topes, or drinks frequently or to excess; a
   drunkard; a sot.


   Top"et  (?),  n. [F. toupet tuft. See Touper.] (Zo\'94l.) The European
   crested titmouse. [Prov. Eng.]


   Top"ful (?), a. Full to the top, ore brim; brimfull. "Topful of direst
   cruelty." Shak.

     [He]  was  so  topful  of  himself, that he let it spill on all the
     company. I. Watts.


   Top`gal"lant (?), a.

   1.  (Naut.)  Situated  above  the  topmast  and  below the royal mast;
   designatb,  or  pertaining to, the third spars in order from the deck;
   as, the topgallant mast, yards, braces, and the like. See Illustration
   of Ship.

   2.  Fig.:  Highest; elevated; splendid. "The consciences of topgallant
   sparks." L'Estrange.
   Topgallant breeze, a breeze in which the topgallant sails may properly
   be carried.


   Top`gal"lant, n.

   1. (Naut.) A topgallant mast or sail.

   2. Fig.: Anything elevated or splendid. Bacon.


   Toph  (?),  n.  [L.  tophus,  tofus,  tufa,  or tuft. Cf. Tufa, Tofus,
   Tophus.] (Min.) kind of sandstone.


   To*pha"ceous  (?),  a. [L. tophaceus, tofaceus.] Gritty; sandy; rough;


   Top"-ham`per  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  The  upper rigging, spars, etc., of a
   ship. [Written also top hamper.]

     All the ships of the fleet . . . were so encumbered with tophamper,
     so  overweighted in proportion to their draught of water, that they
     could  bear  but little canvas, even with smooth seas and light and
     favorable winds. Motley.


   Top"-heav`y  (?),  a.  Having  the top or upper part too heavy for the
   lower part. Sir H. Wotton.


   To"phet  (?),  n. [Heb. t\'d3phet, literally, a place to be spit upon,
   an  abominable  place,  fr.  tph  to  spit out.] A place lying east or
   southeast  of  Jerusalem,  in  the  valley  of  Hinnom.  [Written also

     And  he  defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the children of
     Hinnom. 2 Kings xxiii. 10.

     NOTE: &hand; It  se ems to  ha ve be en at  first part of the royal
     garden,   but  it  was  afterwards  defiled  and  polluted  by  the
     sacrifices  of Baal and the fires of Moloch, and resounded with the
     cries  of  burning  infants. At a later period, its altars and high
     places  were thrown down, and all the filth of the city poured into
     it,  until  it  became the abhorrence of Jerusalem, and, in symbol,
     the place where are wailing and gnashing of teeth.

     The  pleasant  valley  of  Hinnom,  Tophet thence And black Gehenna
     called, the type of hell. Milton.


   Toph"in (?), n. (Min.) Same as Toph.

   Page 1519


   To"phus  (?),  n.;  pl.  Tophi  (#).  [NL.:  cf.  F.  tophus a mineral
   concretion in the joint. See Toph.] [Written also tofus.]

   1.  (Med.)  One  of  the  mineral concretions about the joints, and in
   other  situations,  occurring  chiefly  in gouty persons. They consist
   usually of urate of sodium; when occurring in the internal organs they
   are also composed of phosphate of calcium.

   2. (Min.) Calcareous tufa.


   Top`i*a"ri*an   (?),  a.  [See  Toplary.]  Of  or  pertaining  to  the
   ornamental  cutting  and  trimming  of trees, hedges, etc.; practicing
   ornamental gardening. [R.] "The topiarian artist." Sir W. Scott.

     All the pedantries of the topiarian art. C. Kingsley.


   Top"i*a*ry  (?),  a.  [L. topiarius belonging to ornamental gardening,
   fr.  topia  (sc. opera) ornamental gardening, fr. Gr. Of or pertaining
   to   ornamental   gardening;  produced  by  cutting,  trimming,  etc.;
   topiarian.  Topiary  work, arbors, shrubbery, hedges, or the like, cut
   and trimmed into fanciful forms, as of animals, building, etc.


   Top"ic  (?),  n.  [F.  topiques, pl., L. topica the title of a work of
   Aristotle,  Gr.  topika`,  fr.  topiko`s  of  or for place, concerning
   to`poi,  or  commonplaces, fr. to`pos a place.] (a) One of the various
   general  forms  of argument employed in probable as distinguished from
   demonstrative   reasoning,   --   denominated   by   Aristotle  to`poi
   (literally,  places),  as  being  the  places  or  sources  from which
   arguments  may  be  derived, or to which they may be referred; also, a
   prepared  form  of  argument,  applicable to a great variety of cases,
   with  a  supply of which the ancient rhetoricians and orators provided
   themselves;  a  commonplace of argument or oratory. (b) pl. A treatise
   on  forms  of argument; a system or scheme of forms or commonplaces of
   argument or oratory; as, the Topics of Aristotle.

     These  topics, or loci, were no other than general ideas applicable
     to  a  great many different subjects, which the orator was directed
     to consult. Blair.

     In  this question by [reason] I do not mean a distinct topic, but a
     transcendent that runs through all topics. Jer. Taylor.

   2. An argument or reason. [Obs.]

     Contumacious  persons,  who  are not to be fixed by any principles,
     whom no topics can work upon. Bp. Wilkins.

   3. The subject of any distinct portion of a discourse, or argument, or
   literary  composition; also, the general or main subject of the whole;
   a  matter  treated  of; a subject, as of conversation or of thought; a
   matter; a point; a head.

   4.  (Med.)  An  external  local application or remedy, as a plaster, a
   blister, etc. [Obsoles.] Wiseman.


   Top"ic, a. Topical. Drayton. Holland.


   Top"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. topique, LL. topicus, Gr. Topic, n.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining to a place; limited; logical application; as, a
   topical remedy; a topical claim or privilege.

   2. (Rhet. & logic) Pertaining to, or consisting of, a topic or topics;
   according to topics.

   3. Resembling a topic, or general maxim; hence, not demonstrative, but
   merely probable, as an argument.

     Evidences  of fact can be no more than topical and probable. Sir M.


   Top"ic*al*ly,  adv.  In  a  topical  manner;  with  application to, or
   limitation of, a particular place or topic.


   Top"knot` (?), n.

   1.  A  crest  or  knot of feathers upon the head or top, as of a bird;
   also, an orgamental knot worn on top of the head, as by women.

     A great, stout servant girl, with cheeks as red as her topknot. Sir
     W. Scott.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) A small Europen flounder (Rhoumbus punctatus). The name
   is also applied to allied species.


   Top"less, a. Having no top, or no visble fop; hence, fig.: very lofty;
   supreme;  unequaled.  "  The  topless  Apennines." "Topless fortunes."
   Beau. & Fl. <-- braless!-->


   Top"-light` (?), n. (Naut.) A lantern or light on the top of a vessel.


   Top"man (?), n.; pl. Topmem (.

   1. See Topsman, 2.

   2. (Naut.) A man stationed in the top.


   Top"mast  (?), n. (Naut.) The second mast, or that which is next above
   the lower mast, and below the topgallant mast.


   Top"most`  (?),  a.  Highest;  uppermost;  as,  the topmost cliff; the
   topmost branch of a tree.

     The nightngale may claim the topmost bough. Cowper.


   To*pog"ra*pher  (?),  n. [Cf. F. topographe, Cr. One who is skilled in
   the science of topography; one who describes a particular place, town,
   city, or tract of land.

     Dante  is  the  one authorized topographer of the medi\'91val hell.

                         Topographic, a. Topographical

   Top`o*graph"ic  (?),  a. Top`o*graph"ic*al (?),[Cf. F. topographique.]
   Of   or   pertaining   to  topography;  descriptive  of  a  place.  --
   Top`o*graph"ic*al*ly,  adv. Topographical map. See under Cadastral. --
   Topographical surveying. See under Surveying.


   To*pog"ra*phist (?), n. A topographer.


   To*pog"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [F.  topographie,  Gr.  The  description of a
   particular  place,  town, manor, parish, or tract of land; especially,
   the  exact and scientific delineation and description in minute detail
   of any place or region.

     NOTE: &hand; To pography, as  the description of particular places,
     is distinguished from chorography, the description of a region or a
     district,  and  for  geography,  the description of the earth or of

   Brande & C.


   To*pol"o*gy  (?), n. [Gr. -logy.] The art of, or method for, assisting
   the  memory  by associating the thing or subject to be remembered with
   some place. [R.] <-- 2. a branch of mathematics. -->


   To*pon"o*my (?), n. [Gr. The designation of position and direction. B.
   G. Wilder.


   Top"piece` (?), n. A small wig for the top of the head; a toupee.


   Top"ping (?), a.

   1. Rising above; surpassing.

   2. Hence, assuming superiority; proud.

     The  great and flourishing condition of some of the topping sinners
     of the world. South.

   3. Fine; gallant. [Slang] Johnson.


   Top"ping, n.

   1. The act of one who tops; the act of cutting off the top.

   2.  (Naut.) The act of raising one extremity of a spar higher than the

   3. pl. That which comes from hemp in the process of hatcheling.
   Topping  lift (Naut.), a large, strong tackle employed to raise or top
   the end of a gaff, or of a boom.


   Top"ping*ly, adv. In a topping or proud manner.


   Top"ping*ly,  a.  Same  as  Topping,  a.,  3. [Obs.] "Topping quests."


   Top"ple  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Toppled  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Toppling.]  [From  Top  summit.]  To  fall forward; to pitch or tumble

     Though castles topple on their warders' heads. Shak.


   Top"ple, v. t. To throw down; to overturn.

     He topple crags from the precipice. Longfellow.


   Top"-proud`  (?), a. Proud to the highest degree. [R.] "This top-proud
   fellow." Shak.


   Top"-rope`  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  A rope used for hoisting and lowering a
   topmast, and for other purposes.


   Top"sail`  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  In a square-rigged vessel, the sail next
   above  the  lowermost  sail  on  a  mast.  This  sail  is the one most
   frequently  reefed  or  furled  in working the ship. In a fore-and-aft
   rigged  vessel,  the  sail  set  upon  and above the gaff. See Cutter,
   Schooner,  Sail, and Ship. Topsail schooner. (Naut.) See Schooner, and
   Illustration in Appendix.
   Tops"-and-bot`toms  (?),  n.  pl.  Small rolls of dough, baked, cut in
   halves, and then browned in an oven, -- used as food for infants. 

     'T is said that her top-and-bottoms were gilt. Hood.


   Top"-shaped`  (?),  a.  Having the shape of a top; (Bot.) cone-shaped,
   with the apex downward; turbinate.


   Top"-shell`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of marine
   top_shaped shells of the genus Thochus, or family Trochid\'91.


   Tops"man (?), n.; pl. Topsmen (.

   1. The chief drover of those who drive a herd of cattle. P. Cyc.

   2. The uppermost sawyer in a saw pit; a topman. Simmonds.


   Top"soil` (?), n. The upper layer of soil; surface soil.


   Top"soil`ing, n. (Engin.) The act or art of taking off the top soil of
   land before an excavation or embankment is begun.


   Top"stone`  (?),  n. A stone that is placed on the top, or which forms
   the top.


   Top"sy*tur"vy (?), adv. [Earlier topside-turvey, topsy-tervy; probably
   for  top  so turvy; that is, the top as turvy, as it were turvy; where
   turvy  probably  means,  overturned,  fr. AS. torfian to throw.] In an
   inverted  posture;  with the top or head downward; upside down; as, to
   turn a carriage topsy-turvy.


   Top"-tac`kle  (?),  n.  (Naut.) A tackle used in hoisting and lowering
   the topmast.


   Top"-tim`bers  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  The highest timbers on the side of a
   vessel, being those above the futtocks. R. H. Dana, Jr.


   Top"-toil`  (?),  n. (Blacksmithing.) A tool applied to the top of the
   work,  in  distinction  from a tool inserted in the anvil and on which
   the work is placed.


   Toque (?), n. [F. toque; of Celtic origin; cf. W.toc.]

   1.  A  kind  of  cap  worn  in  the 16th century, and copied in modern
   fashions; -- called also toquet.

     His velvet toque stuck as airily as ever upon the side of his head.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A variety of the bonnet monkey.


   To*quet" (?), n. See Toque, 1.


   Tor (?), n. [AS. torr; cf. Gael. torr. Cf. Tower.]

   1. A tower; a turret. [R.] Ray.

   2. High-pointed hill; a rocky pinnacle. [Prov. Eng.]

     A  rolling  range  of  dreary  moors,  unbroken  by tor or tree. C.

                                Torace, Torase

   To*race"  (?), To*rase", v. t. [Pref. to- + OE. r to rage.] To scratch
   to pieces. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Tor"bern*ite  (?),  n.  [So  named  after  Torber  Bergmann, a Swedish
   chemist.] (Min.) A mineral occurring in emerald-green tabular crystals
   having a micaceous structure. It is a hydrous phosphate of uranium and
   copper. Called also copper uranite, and chalcolite.


   Torc (?), n. Same as Torque, 1.


   Torch (?), n. [OE. torche, F. torche a torch, rag, wisp, pad; probably
   from  a  derivative  of L. torquere, tortum, to twist, because twisted
   like a rope; cf. F. torcher to rub, wipe, It. topcia a torch, torciare
   to  wrap,  twist, OF. torse a torse. Cf. Torture.] A light or luminary
   formed  of  some  combustible  substance, as of resinous wood; a large
   candle or flambeau, or a lamp giving a large, flaring flame.

     They light the nuptial torch. Milton.

   <--  2.  A  flashlight.  [Brit.]  -->  Torch thistle. (Bot.) See under


   Torch"bear`er (?), n. One whose office it is to carry a torch.


   Torch"er  (?),  n.  One  who gives light with a torch, or as if with a
   torch. [Obs.] Shak.


   Torch"light`  (?),  n.  The  light  of  a  torch,  or of torches. Also
   adjectively; as, a torchlight procession.

                                 Torchon lace

   Tor"chon  lace`  (?)  [F.  torchon  a kind of coarse napkin.] a simple
   thread  lace  worked upon a pillow with coarse thread; also, a similar
   lace made by machinery.


   Torch"wood`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  The  inflammable  wood of certain trees
   (Amyris balsamifera, A. Floridana, etc.); also, the trees themselves.


   Torch"wort`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) The common mullein, the stalks of which,
   dipped  in  suet, anciently served for torches. Called also torch, and


   Tore (?), imp. of Tear.


   Tore,  n. [Probably from the root of tear; cf. W. t\'a2r a break, cut,
   t\'a2ri  to break, cut.] The dead grass that remains on mowing land in
   winter and spring. [Prov. Eng.] Mortimer.


   Tore, n. [See Torus.]

   1. (Arch.) Same as Torus.

   2.  (Geom.) (a) The surface described by the circumference of a circle
   revolving  about  a  straight  line  in  its  own plane. (b) The solid
   inclosed by such a surface; -- sometimes called an anchor ring.


   To"re*a*dor`  (?),  n.  [Sp.,fr. torear to fight bulls, fr.L. taurus a
   bull.] A bullfighter.


   To-rend"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. To-rent.] [Pref. to- + rend.] To
   rend in pieces. [Obs.]

     The wolf hath many a sheep and lamb to-rent. Chaucer.


   Tor"et (?), n. [Probably dim. fr. tore, torus.] A Turret. [Obs.]


   Tor"et,  n. A ring for fastening a hawk's leash to the jesses; also, a
   ring affixed to the collar of a dog, etc. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   To"reu`ma*tog"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. -graphy.] A description of sculpture
   such as bas-relief in metal.


   To*reu`ma*tol"o*gy  (?), n. [Gr. -logy.] The art or the description of
   scupture such as bas-relief in metal; toreumatography.


   To*reu"tic (?), a. [Gr. (Sculp.) In relief; pertaining to sculpture in
   relief,  especially  of  metal;  also,  pertaining  to chasing such as
   surface ornamentation in metal.


   Tor"goch (?), n. The saibling. [Prov. Eng.]


   To*ril"to  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Sp.  torillo  a  little bull.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   species  of  Turnix  (Turnix  sylvatica)  native  of Spain and Northen


   To`rin*ese" (?), a. [It.] Of or pertaining to Turin. -- n. sing. & pl.
   A native or inhabitant of Turin; collectively, the people of Turin.


   Tor"ment (?), n. [OF. torment, F. tourment, fr. L. tormentum an engine
   for  hurling  missiles, an instrument of torture, a rack, torture, fr.
   torquere to turn, to twist, hurl. See Turture.]

   1. (Mil. Antiq.) An engine for casting stones. [Obs.] Sir T. Elyot.

   2. Extreme pain; anguish; torture; the utmost degree of misery, either
   of body or mind. Chaucer.

     The  more  I  see  Pleasures  about me, so much more I feel Torment
     within me. Milton.

   3. That which gives pain, vexation, or misery.

     They  brought  unto him all sick people that were taken with divers
     diseases and torments. Matt. iv. 24.


   Tor*ment"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. tormented (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   tormenting.] [OF. tormenter, F. tourmenter.]

   1.  To  put to extreme pain or anguish; to inflict excruciating misery
   upon,  either  of  body or mind; to torture. " Art thou come hither to
   torment us before our time? " Matt. viii. 29.

   2. To pain; to distress; to afflict.

     Lord,  my  servant  lieth  at  home  sick  of the palsy, grievously
     tormented. Matt. viii. 6.

   3.   To   tease;   to  vex;  to  harass;  as,  to  be  tormented  with
   importunities, or with petty annoyances. [Colloq.]

   4.  To  put  into great agitation. [R.] "[They], soaring on main wing,
   tormented all the air." Milton.


   Tor*ment"er (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, torments; a tormentor.

   2. An executioner. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Tor*ment"ful  (?),  a.  Full  of torment; causing, or accompainied by,
   torment; excruciating. [R.] Tillotson.


   Tor"men*til  (?), n. [F. tormentille; cf. Pr., It., & NL. tormentilla,
   Sp.  tormentila;  all  fr.  L. tormentum pain. So called because it is
   said  to allay pain. See Torment.] (Bot.) A rosaceous herb (Potentilla
   Tormentilla),  the root of which is used as a powerful astringent, and
   for alleviating gripes, or tormina, in diarrhea.


   Tor*ment"ing  (?),  a.  Causing  torment;  as,  a tormenting dream. --
   Tor*ment"ing*ly, adv.


   Tor"ment*ise (?), n. [See Torment.] Torture; torment. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Tor*ment"or (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, torments; one who inflicts penal anguish or
   tortures. Jer. Taylor.

     Thoughts, my tormentors, armed with deadly stings. Milton.

   2.  (Agric.)  An  implement  for  reducing  a stiff soil, resembling a
   harrow, but running upon wheels. Hebert.


   Tor*ment"ress (?), n. A woman who torments.

     Fortune  ordinarily  cometh  after  to whip and punish them, as the
     scourge and tormentress of glory and honor. Holland.


   Tor"ment*ry  (?),  n.  Anything producing torment, annoyance, or pain.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.

   Page 1520


   Tor"mi*na  (?),  n.  pl.  [L.,  a griping in the belly.] (Med.) acute,
   colicky pains; gripes.


   Tor"mi*nous (?), a. (Med.) Affected with tormina; griping.


   Torn (?), p. p. of Tear.


   Tor*na"do (?), n.; pl. Tornadoes (#). [From Sp. or Pg. tornar to turn,
   return,  L.  tornare  to  turn,  hence, a whirling wind. The Sp. & Pg.
   tornada  is a return. See Turn.] A violent whirling wind; specifically
   (Meteorol.),  a  tempest  distinguished  by  a rapid whirling and slow
   progressive motion, usually accompaned with severe thunder, lightning,
   and  torrents  of  rain,  and  commonly  of  short  duration and small
   breadth; a small cyclone<-- twister -->.


   Tor*na"ri*a  (?),  n.;  pl.  Tornari\'91  (#). [NL., fr. L. tornare to
   turn.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The peculiar free swimming larva of Balanoglossus.
   See Illust. in Append.


   To*rose"  (?),  a.  [L.  torosus  full  of muscle, brawny, fleshy. See
   Torus.]  Cylindrical with alternate swellings and contractions; having
   the surface covered with rounded prominences.


   To*ros"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being torose.


   Torous (?), a. Torose.


   Tor*ped"i*nous  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to a torpedo; resembling a
   torpedo; exerting a benumbing influence; stupefying; dull; torpid.

     Fishy were his eyes; torpedinous was his manner. De Quincey.


   Tor*pe"do (?), n.; pl. Torpedoes (#). [L. torpedo, -inis, from torpere
   to be stiff, numb, or torpid. See Torpid.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  numerous  species of elasmobranch fishes
   belonging  to Torpedo and allied genera. They are related to the rays,
   but have the power of giving electrical shocks. Called also crampfish,
   and numbfish. See Electrical fish, under Electrical.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e co mmon Eu ropean to rpedo (T . vulgaris) and the
     American species (T. occidentalis) are the best known.

   2.  An  engine  or  machine  for  destroying ships by blowing them up.
   Specifically:  --  (a) A quantity of explosives anchored in a channel,
   beneath  the  water,  or set adrift in a current, and so arranged that
   they  will  be  exploded when touched by a vessel, or when an electric
   circuit  is  closed  by  an  operator  on  shore.  (b) A kind of small
   submarine boat carrying an explosive charge, and projected from a ship
   against  another  ship  at  a  distance,  or made self-propelling, and
   otherwise automatic in its action against a distant ship.

   3. (Mil.) A kind of shell or cartridge buried in earth, to be exploded
   by electricity or by stepping on it.

   4.  (Railroad)  A  kind  of  detonating cartridge or shell placed on a
   rail,  and  exploded when crushed under the locomotive wheels, -- used
   as an alarm signal.

   5. An explosive cartridge or shell lowered or dropped into a bored oil
   well, and there exploded, to clear the well of obstructions or to open
   communication with a source of supply of oil.

   6.  A  kind  of firework in the form of a small ball, or pellet, which
   explodes when thrown upon a hard object.
   Fish   torpedo,  a  spindle-shaped,  or  fish-shaped,  self-propelling
   submarine  torpedo.  --  Spar  torpedo,  a  canister  or  other vessel
   containing an explosive charge, and attached to the end of a long spar
   which  projects  from  a ship or boat and is thrust against an enemy's
   ship,  exploding  the  torpedo.  -- Torpedo boat, a vessel adapted for
   carrying,  launching, operating, or otherwise making use of, torpedoes
   against  an enemy's ship.<-- Espec., a small, fast boat with tubes for
   launching  torpedoes  --> -- Torpedo nettings, nettings made of chains
   or  bars,  which  can be suspended around a vessel and allowed to sink
   beneath the surface of the water, as a protection against torpedoes.


   Tor*pe"do,  v.  t.  to  destroy  by,  or  subject  to the action of, a
   torpedo.  London  Spectator.  <--  Fig.  To destroy, cause to halt, or
   prevent from being accomplished; -- used esp. with reference to a plan
   or  an  enterprise,  halted by some action before the plan is put into
   execution. -->


   Tor"pent (?), a. [L. torpens, p. pr. of torpere to be numb.] Having no
   motion  or  activity;  incapable  of  motion; benumbed; torpid. [Obs.]


   Tor*pes"cence  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  or being torpescent;
   torpidness; numbness; stupidity.


   Top*pes"cent  (?),  a.  [L.  torpescens,  p. pr. of torpescere to grow
   stiff,  numb,  or  torpid,  incho.  fr. torpere. See Torpid.] Becoming
   torpid or numb. Shenstone.


   Tor"pid  (?),  a.  [L.  torpidus,  fr.  torpere  to be stiff, numb, or
   torpid; of uncertain origin.]

   1.  Having  lost  motion,  or the power of exertion and feeling; numb;
   benumbed; as, a torpid limb.

     Without heat all things would be torpid. Ray.

   2. Dull; stupid; sluggish; inactive. Sir M. Hale.


   Tor*pid"i*ty (?), n. Same as Torpidness.


   Tor"pid*ly (?), adv. In a torpid manner.


   Tor"pid*ness, n. The qualityy or state of being torpid.


   Tor"pi*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Torpified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Torpifying.  (.]  [L.  torpere to be torpid + -fy.] To make torpid; to
   numb, or benumb.


   Tor"pi*tude  (?),  n.  Torpidness.  [Obs.] "In a kind of torpitude, or
   sleeping state." Derham.


   Tor"por (?), n. [L., from torpere, to be torpid.]

   1.  Loss  of  motion,  or  of  the  motion; a state of inactivity with
   partial or total insensibility; numbness.

   2.  Dullness;  sluggishness;  inactivity;  as,  a torpor of the mental


   Tor`por*if"ic  (?), a. [L. torpor torpor + facere to make.] Tending to
   produce torpor.


   Tor"quate   (?),  a.  [L.  torquatus  wearing  a  collar.]  (Zo\'94l.)
   Collared; having a torques, or distinct colored ring around the neck.


   tor"qua*ted  (?),  a.  [L.  Torqyatus.] Having or wearing a torque, or
   neck chain.


   Torque  (?),  n.  [L.  torques  a  twisted neck chain, fr. torquere to

   1.  A  collar  or  neck  chain, usually twisted, especially as worn by
   ancient barbaric nations, as the Gauls, Germans, and Britons.

   2.  [L.  torquere  to  twist.]  (Mech.)  That  which  tends to produce
   torsion; a couple of forces. J. Thomson.

   3.  (Phys.  Science) A turning or twisting; tendency to turn, or cause
   to turn, about an axis.


   Torqued (?), a. [L. torquere to twist, to turn, to wind.]

   1. Wreathed; twisted. [R.]

   2.  (Her.) Twisted; bent; -- said of a dolphin haurient, which forms a
   figure like the letter S.


   Tor"ques  (?),  n.  [L.,  a  necklace.  See  Torque,  1.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   cervical  ring  of  hair  or  feathers,  distinguished by its color or
   structure; a collar.


   Tor`re*fac"tion (?), n. [L.torrefacere,torrefactum, to torrefy: cf. F.
   torr\'82faction.  See  Torrefy.]  The act or process of torrefying, or
   the state of being torrefied. Bp. Hall.


   Tor"re*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Torrefied (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Torrefying.]  [L.  torrere  to  parch  +  -fy: cf. F. torr\'82fier, L.
   torrefacere.] [Written also torrify.]

   1. To dry by a fire. Sir T. Browne.

   2.  (Metal.) To subject to scorching heat, so as to drive off volatile
   ingredients; to roast, as ores.

   3.  (Pharm.)  To dry or parch, as drugs, on a metallic plate till they
   are friable, or are reduced to the state desired.


   Tor"rent  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr. L. torrens, -entis, fr. torrens burning,
   roaring,  boiling,  p.  pr.  of  torrere  to dry by heat, to burn. See

   1. A violent stream, as of water, lava, or the like; a stream suddenly
   raised and running rapidly, as down a precipice.

     The roaring torrent is deep and wide. Longfellow.

   2.  Fig.:  A  violent  or rapid flow; a strong current; a flood; as, a
   torrent of vices; a torrent of eloquence.

     At length, Erasmus, that great injured name, . . . Stemmed the wild
     torrent of a barbarous age. Pope.


   Tor"rent,  a.  [See Torrent, n.] Rolling or rushing in a rapid stream.
   "Waves of torrent fire." Milton.

                            Torrential, Torrentine

   Tor*ren"tial  (?), Tor*ren"tine (?), a. Of or pertaining to a torrent;
   having the character of a torrent; caused by a torrent . [R.]


   Tor`ri*cel"li*an  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to Torricelli, an Italian
   philosopher  and mathematician, who, in 1643, discovered that the rise
   of  a  liquid  in  a  tube, as in the barometer, is due to atmosphe