Unabridged Dictionary - Letter R

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                                    R
                                     Race

   Race  (?),  n.  [OF.  ra\'8bz, L. radix, -icis. See Radix.] A root. "A
   race  or two of ginger." Shak. Race ginger, ginger in the root, or not
   pulverized.

                                     Race

   Race,  n. [F. race; cf. Pr. & Sp. raza, It. razza; all from OHG. reiza
   line, akin to E. write. See Write.]

   1.  The  descendants of a common ancestor; a family, tribe, people, or
   nation, believed or presumed to belong to the same stock; a lineage; a
   breed.

     The whole race of mankind. Shak.

     Whence the long race of Alban fathers come. Dryden.

     NOTE: &hand; Na turalists an d eh nographers di vide ma nkind in to
     several  distinct  varieties,  or  races. Cuvier refers them all to
     three,   Pritchard   enumerates  seven,  Agassiz  eight,  Pickering
     describes  eleven.  One  of  the  common classifications is that of
     Blumenbach,  who makes five races: the Caucasian, or white race, to
     which  belong the greater part of the European nations and those of
     Western  Asia;  the  Mongolian,  or yellow race, occupying Tartary,
     China, Japan, etc.; the Ethiopian, or negro race, occupying most of
     Africa  (except  the  north),  Australia,  Papua, and other Pacific
     Islands; the American, or red race, comprising the Indians of North
     and  South  America; and the Malayan, or brown race, which occupies
     the  islands  of  the  Indian Archipelago, etc. Many recent writers
     classify the Malay and American races as branches of the Mongolian.
     See Illustration in Appendix.

   2. Company; herd; breed.

     For  do  but  note  a wild and wanton herd, Or race of youthful and
     unhandled colts, Fetching mad bounds. Shak

   .

   3.  (Bot.) A variety of such fixed character that it may be propagated
   by seed.

   4.  Peculiar  flavor, taste, or strength, as of wine; that quality, or
   assemblage  of  qualities, which indicates origin or kind, as in wine;
   hence, characteristic flavor; smack. "A race of heaven." Shak.

     Is it [the wine] of the right race ? Massinqer.

   5. Hence, characteristic quality or disposition. [Obs.]

     And now I give my sensual race the rein. Shak.

     Some . . . great race of fancy or judgment. Sir W. Temple.

   Syn.  --  Lineage;  line;  family;  house;  breed; offspring; progeny;
   issue.

                                     Race

   Race,  n.  [OE. ras, res, rees, AS. r&aemac;s a rush, running; akin to
   Icel. r\'bes course, race. &root;118.]

   1. A progress; a course; a movement or progression.

   2. Esp., swift progress; rapid course; a running.

     The  flight  of  many birds is swifter than the race of any beasts.
     Bacon.

   3.  Hence:  The act or process of running in competition; a contest of
   speed  in  any  way,  as in running, riding, driving, skating, rowing,
   sailing; in the plural, usually, a meeting for contests in the running
   of horses; as, he attended the races.

     The race is not to the swift. Eccl. ix. 11.

     I wield the gauntlet, and I run the race. Pope.

   4.  Competitive  action of any kind, especially when prolonged; hence,
   career; course of life.

     My race of glory run, and race of shame. Milton.

   5.  A  strong or rapid current of water, or the channel or passage for
   such a current; a powerful current or heavy sea, sometimes produced by
   the meeting of two tides; as, the Portland Race; the Race of Alderney.

   6.  The  current  of water that turns a water wheel, or the channel in
   which it flows; a mill race.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e pa rt of the channel above the wheel is sometimes
     called the headrace, the part below, the tailrace.

   7. (Mach.) A channel or guide along which a shuttle is driven back and
   forth, as in a loom, sewing machine, etc.
   Race  cloth,  a cloth worn by horses in racing, having pockets to hold
   the  weights  prescribed.  --  Race  course.  (a)  The path, generally
   circular  or  elliptical,  over  which a race is run. (b) Same as Race
   way,  below.  --  Race  cup, a cup given as a prize to the victor in a
   race. -- Race glass, a kind of field glass. -- Race horse. (a) A horse
   that  runs  in  competition;  specifically,  a  horse bred or kept for
   running  races.  (b)  A  breed  of  horses remarkable for swiftness in
   running.  (c) (Zo\'94l.) The steamer duck. (d) (Zo\'94l.) A mantis. --
   Race  knife,  a cutting tool with a blade that is hooked at the point,
   for marking outlines, on boards or metals, as by a pattern, -- used in
   shipbuilding.  --  Race saddle, a light saddle used in racing. -- Race
   track.  Same as Race course (a), above. -- Race way, the canal for the
   current that drives a water wheel.

                                     Race

   Race, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Raced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Racing (?).]

   1.  To  run  swiftly; to contend in a race; as, the animals raced over
   the ground; the ships raced from port to port.

   2.  (Steam  Mach.)  To  run  too  fast at times, as a marine engine or
   screw,  when the screw is lifted out of water by the action of a heavy
   sea.

                                     Race

   Race, v. t.

   1.  To  cause  to contend in race; to drive at high speed; as, to race
   horses.

   2. To run a race with.

                                   Racemate

   Ra*ce"mate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of racemic acid.

                                  Racemation

   Rac`e*ma"tion (?), n. [L. racematio a gleaning, fr. racemari to glean,
   racemus a cluster of grapes. See Raceme.]

   1. A cluster or bunch, as of grapes. Sir T. Browne.

   2. Cultivation or gathering of clusters of grapes. [R.]

                                    Raceme

   Ra*ceme"  (?), n. [L. racemus a bunch of berries, a cluster of grapes.
   See  Raisin.]  (Bot.) A flower cluster with an elongated axis and many
   one-flowered  lateral  pedicels,  as  in  the currant and chokecherry.
   Compound   raceme,  one  having  the  lower  pedicels  developed  into
   secondary racemes.

                                    Racemed

   Ra*cemed" (?), a. (Bot.) Arranged in a raceme, or in racemes.

                                    Racemic

   Ra*ce"mic   (?),   a.  [Cf.  F.  rac\'82mique.  See  Raceme.]  (Chem.)
   Pertaining  to, or designating, an acid found in many kinds of grapes.
   It is also obtained from tartaric acid, with which it is isomeric, and
   from  sugar,  gum,  etc., by oxidation. It is a sour white crystalline
   substance,   consisting   of   a  combination  of  dextrorotatory  and
   levorotatory tartaric acids. Gregory.

                                 Racemiferous

   Rac`e*mif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  racemifer  bearing  clusters; racemus
   cluster  +  ferre  to  bear:  cf. F. rac\'82mif\'8are.] (Bot.) Bearing
   racemes, as the currant.

                                  Racemiform

   Ra*cem"i*form (?), a. Having the form of a raceme. Gray.

                                   Racemose

   Rac"e*mose`  (?),  a.  [L.  racemosus  full of clusters.] Resembling a
   raceme;  growing  in the form of a raceme; as, (Bot.) racemose berries
   or  flowers;  (Anat.)  the  racemose  glands,  in  which the ducts are
   branched and clustered like a raceme. Gray.

                                   Racemous

   Rac"e*mous (?), a. [Cf. F. rac\'82meux.] See Racemose.

                                   Racemule

   Rac"e*mule (?), n. (Bot.) A little raceme.

                                  Racemulose

   Ra*cem"u*lose` (?), a. (Bot.) Growing in very small racemes.

                                     Racer

   Ra"cer (?), n.

   1.  One who, or that which, races, or contends in a race; esp., a race
   horse.

     And bade the nimblest racer seize the prize. Pope.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The common American black snake.

   3. (Mil.) One of the circular iron or steel rails on which the chassis
   of a heavy gun is turned.

                                  Rach, Rache

   Rach,  Rache  (?),  n. [AS.r\'91cc; akin to Icel. rakki.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   dog  that  pursued  his  prey  by  scent,  as  distinguished  from the
   greyhound.[Obs.]

                                  Rachialgia

   Ra"chi*al"gi*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) A painful affection of the
   spine; especially, Pott's disease; also, formerly, lead colic.

                                   Rachidian

   Ra*chid"i*an (?), a. [See Rachis.] (Anat. & Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining
   to the rachis; spinal; vertebral. Same as Rhachidian.

                                   Rachilla

   Ra*chil"la (?), n. [NL.] Same as Rhachilla.

                                  Rachiodont

   Ra"chi*o*dont (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Rhachiodont.

                                    Rachis

   Ra"chis  (?),  n.; pl. E. Rachises (#), L. Rachides (#). [NL., fr. Gr.
   [Written also rhachis.]

   1. (Anat.) The spine; the vertebral column.

   2. (Bot. & Zo\'94l.) Same as Rhachis.

                                   Rachitic

   Ra*chit"ic  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. rachitique. See Rachitis.] (Med.) Of or
   pertaining to rachitis; affected by rachitis; rickety.

                                   Rachitis

   Ra*chi"tis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. [Written also rhachitis.]

   1.  (Med.)  Literally, inflammation of the spine, but commonly applied
   to the rickets. See Rickets.

   2.  (Bot.)  A  disease  which produces abortion in the fruit or seeds.
   Henslow.

                                   Rachitome

   Ra"chi*tome  (?),  n. [F., fr. Gr. A dissecting instrument for opening
   the spinal canal. [Written also rachiotome.]

                                    Racial

   Ra"cial  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to a race or family of men; as, the
   racial complexion.

                                    Racily

   Ra"ci*ly (?), adv. In a racy manner.

                                   Raciness

   Ra"ci*ness  (?),  n.  The  quality of being racy; peculiar and piquant
   flavor.

     The   general   characteristics   of  his  [Cobbett's]  style  were
     perspicuity,  unequaled  and  inimitable;  .  .  .  a purity always
     simple, and raciness often elegant. London Times.

                                    Racing

   Ra"cing  (?), a. & n. from Race, v. t. & i. Racing crab (Zo\'94l.), an
   ocypodian.

                                     Rack

   Rack (?), n. Same as Arrack.

                                     Rack

   Rack,  n.  [AS.  hracca  neck,  hinder part of the head; cf. AS. hraca
   throat,  G.  rachen  throat,  E.  retch.] The neck and spine of a fore
   quarter of veal or mutton.

                                     Rack

   Rack,  n.  [See  Wreck.]  A wreck; destruction. [Obs., except in a few
   phrases.]  Rack  and ruin, destruction; utter ruin. [Colloq.] -- To go
   to  rack,  to  perish;  to be destroyed. [Colloq.] "All goes to rack."
   Pepys.
   
                                     Rack
                                       
   Rack,  n.  [Prob.  fr.  Icel.  rek  drift, motion, and akin to reka to
   drive,  and  E.  wrack,  wreck. .] Thin, flying, broken clouds, or any
   portion of floating vapor in the sky. Shak. 

     The  winds  in the upper region, which move the clouds above, which
     we call the rack, . . . pass without noise. Bacon.

     And the night rack came rolling up. C. Kingsley.

                                     Rack

   Rack, v. i. To fly, as vapor or broken clouds.

                                     Rack

   Rack,  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Racked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Racking.] [See
   Rack  that  which  stretches,  or  Rock,  v.] To amble fast, causing a
   rocking  or  swaying  motion of the body; to pace; -- said of a horse.
   Fuller.

                                     Rack

   Rack, n. A fast amble.

                                     Rack

   Rack,  v.  t.  [Cf.  OF.  vin  raqu\'82 squeezed from the dregs of the
   grapes.] To draw off from the lees or sediment, as wine.

     It  is in common practice to draw wine or beer from the lees (which
     we call racking), whereby it will clarify much the sooner. Bacon.

   Rack vintage, wine cleansed and drawn from the lees. Cowell.

                                     Rack

   Rack, n. [Probably fr. D.rek, rekbank, a rack, rekken to stretch; akin
   to  G.  reck,  reckbank, a rack, recken to stretch, Dan. r\'91kke, Sw.
   r\'84cka,  Icel.  rekja to spread out, Goth. refrakjan to stretch out;
   cf. L. porrigere, Gr. Right, a., Ratch.]

   1.  An  instrument or frame used for stretching, extending, retaining,
   or  displaying,  something.  Specifically:  (a)  An engine of torture,
   consisting  of  a  large  frame,  upon  which  the  body was gradually
   stretched  until,  sometimes,  the joints were dislocated; -- formerly
   used  judicially for extorting confessions from criminals or suspected
   persons.

     During the troubles of the fifteenth century, a rack was introduced
     into  the  Tower,  and  was  occasionally  used  under  the plea of
     political necessity. Macaulay.

   (b)  An  instrument  for  bending a bow. (c) A grate on which bacon is
   laid.  (d)  A frame or device of various construction for holding, and
   preventing  the  waste of, hay, grain, etc., supplied to beasts. (e) A
   frame  on  which  articles  are  deposited for keeping or arranged for
   display;  as,  a clothes rack; a bottle rack, etc. (f) (Naut.) A piece
   or  frame  of  wood, having several sheaves, through which the running
   rigging passes; -- called also rack block. Also, a frame to hold shot.
   (g)  (Mining)  A frame or table on which ores are separated or washed.
   (h) A frame fitted to a wagon for carrying hay, straw, or grain on the
   stalk, or other bulky loads. (i) A distaff.

   2.  (Mech.)  A bar with teeth on its face, or edge, to work with those
   of a wheel, pinion, or worm, which is to drive it or be driven by it.

   3. That which is extorted; exaction. [Obs.] Sir E. Sandys.
   Mangle  rack.  (Mach.) See under Mangle. n. -- Rack block. (Naut.) See
   def.  1  (f),  above.  -- Rack lashing, a lashing or binding where the
   rope  is tightened, and held tight by the use of a small stick of wood
   twisted  around.  --  Rack rail (Railroads), a toothed rack, laid as a
   rail,  to  afford  a hold for teeth on the driving wheel of locomotive
   for climbing steep gradients, as in ascending a mountain. -- Rack saw,
   a  saw  having  wide  teeth.  --  Rack stick, the stick used in a rack
   lashing.  -- To be on the rack, to suffer torture, physical or mental.
   --  To  live  at  rack  and  manger,  to live on the best at another's
   expense.  [Colloq.]  --  To put to the rack, to subject to torture; to
   torment.

     A  fit  of  the  stone  puts  a  kingto  the rack, and makes him as
     miserable as it does the meanest subject. Sir W. Temple.

                                     Rack

   Rack (?), v. t.

   1.  To  extend  by  the  application  of  force; to stretch or strain;
   specifically, to stretch on the rack or wheel; to torture by an engine
   which strains the limbs and pulls the joints.

     He was racked and miserably tormented. Pope.

   2. To torment; to torture; to affect with extreme pain or anguish.

     Vaunting aloud but racked with deep despair. Milton.

   3.  To  stretch or strain, in a figurative sense; hence, to harass, or
   oppress by extortion.

     The landlords there shamefully rack their tenants. Spenser.

     They  [landlords]  rack  a  Scripture simile beyond the true intent
     thereof. Fuller.

     Try  what  my credit can in Venice do; That shall be racked even to
     the uttermost. Shak.

   4. (Mining) To wash on a rack, as metals or ore.

   5.  (Naut.)  To bind together, as two ropes, with cross turns of yarn,
   marline, etc.
   To  rack  one's  brains  OR  wits, to exert them to the utmost for the
   purpose of accomplishing something. Syn. -- To torture; torment; rend;
   tear.

                                  Rackabones

   Rack"a*bones`  (?),  n.  A very lean animal, esp. a horse. [Colloq. U.
   S.]

                                    Racker

   Rack"er (?), n.

   1. One who racks.

   2. A horse that has a racking gait.

                                    Racket

   Rack"et (?), n. [F. raquette; cf. Sp. raquets, It. racchetta, which is
   perhaps for retichetta, and fr. L. rete a net (cf. Reticule); or perh.
   from  the  Arabic; cf. Ar. r\'beha the palm of the hand (used at first
   to  strike  the  ball),  and OF. rachette, rasquette, carpus, tarsus.]
   [Written also racquet.]

   1.  A  thin strip of wood, having the ends brought together, forming a
   somewhat  elliptical hoop, across which a network of catgut or cord is
   stretched.  It is furnished with a handle, and is used for catching or
   striking a ball in tennis and similar games.

     Each  one  [of  the  Indians]  has a bat curved like a crosier, and
     ending in a racket. Bancroft.

   2.  A  variety of the game of tennis played with peculiar long-handled
   rackets; -- chiefly in the plural. Chaucer.

   3. A snowshoe formed of cords stretched across a long and narrow frame
   of light wood. [Canada]

   4.  A  broad  wooden  shoe or patten for a man horse, to enable him to
   step on marshy or soft ground.
   Racket court, a court for playing the game of rackets.

                                    Racket

   Rack"et, v. t. To strike with, or as with, a racket.

     Poor man [is] racketed from one temptation to another. Hewyt.

                                    Racket

   Rack"et, n. [Gael. racaid a noise, disturbance.]

   1. confused, clattering noise; din; noisy talk or sport.

   2. A carouse; any reckless dissipation. [Slang]

                                    Racket

   Rack"et, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Racketed; p. pr. & vb. n. Racketing.]

   1. To make a confused noise or racket.

   2. To engage in noisy sport; to frolic. Sterne.

   3. To carouse or engage in dissipation. [Slang]

                                   Racketer

   Rack"et*er (?), n. One who makes, or engages in, a racket.

                                    Rackett

   Rack"ett (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Mus.) An old wind instrument of
   the double bassoon kind, having ventages but not keys.

                                  Racket-tall

   Rack"et-tall  (?)  n. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species of humming
   birds  of  the  genus  Steganura, having two of the tail feathers very
   long and racket-shaped.

                                 Racket-talled

   Rack"et-talled`  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having  long  and spatulate, or
   racket-shaped, tail feathers.

                                    Rackety

   Rack"et*y (?), a. Making a tumultuous noise.

                                    Racking

   Rack"ing, n. (Naut.) Spun yarn used in racking ropes.

                                   Rack-rent

   Rack"-rent`  (?),  n. A rent of the full annual value of the tenement,
   or near it; an excessive or unreasonably high rent. Blackstone.

                                   Rack-rent

   Rack"-rent`, v. t. To subject to rack-rent, as a farm or tenant.

                                  Rack-renter

   Rack"-rent`er (?), n.

   1. One who is subjected to playing rack-rent.

   2. One who exacts rack-rent.
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   Page 1183

                                   Racktail

   Rack"tail`  (?), n. (Horol.) An arm attached to a swinging notched arc
   or rack, to let off the striking mechanism of a repeating clock.

                                   Rackwork

   Rack"work` (?), n. Any mechanism having a rack, as a rack and pinion.

                                     Racle

   Ra"cle (?), a. See Rakel. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                   Racleness

   Ra"cle*ness, n. See Rakelness. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                   Raconteur

   Ra`con`teur" (?), n. [F.] A relater; a storyteller.

                                   Racoonda

   Ra*coon"da (?), n. [From a native name.] (Zo\'94l.) The coypu.

                                   Racovian

   Ra*co"vi*an  (?),  n.  [From  Racow.]  (Eccl.  Hist.) One of a sect of
   Socinians or Unitarians in Poland.

                                    Racquet

   Rac"quet (?), n. See Racket.

                                     Racy

   Ra"cy  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Racier  (?); superl. Raciest.] [From Race a
   tribe, family.]

   1.   Having   a   strong   flavor   indicating   origin;  of  distinct
   characteristic taste; tasting of the soil; hence, fresh; rich.

     The  racy  wine,  Late  from  the mellowing cask restored to light.
     Pope.

   2.  Hence:  Exciting  to  the  mental taste by a strong or distinctive
   character  of  thought  or  language;  peculiar and piquant; fresh and
   lively.

     Our raciest, most idiomatic popular word. M. Arnold.

     Burn's  English,  though  not  so  racy as his Scotch, is generally
     correct. H. Coleridge.

     The rich and racy humor of a natural converser fresh from the plow.
     Prof. Wilson.

   Syn.  -- Spicy; spirited; lively; smart; piquant. -- Racy, Spicy. Racy
   refers  primarily  to  that  peculiar  flavor  which certain wines are
   supposed  to  derive from the soil in which the grapes were grown; and
   hence we call a style or production racy when it "smacks of the soil,"
   or  has an uncommon degree of natural freshness and distinctiveness of
   thought  and  language. Spicy, when applied, has reference to a spirit
   and  pungency  added by art, seasoning the matter like a condiment. It
   does  not, like racy, suggest native peculiarity. A spicy article in a
   magazine; a spicy retort. Racy in conversation; a racy remark.

     Rich,  racy  verses,  in  which  we  The soil from which they come,
     taste, smell, and see. Cowley.

                                      Rad

   Rad (?), obs. imp. & p. p. of Read, Rede. Spenser.

                                     Radde

   Rad"de (?), obs. imp. of Read, Rede. Chaucer.

                                    Raddle

   Rad"dle  (?),  n.  [Cf.  G.  r\'84der,  r\'84del, sieve, or perhaps E.
   reed.]

   1.  A  long,  flexible stick, rod, or branch, which is interwoven with
   others,  between upright posts or stakes, in making a kind of hedge or
   fence.

   2.  A  hedge  or fence made with raddles; -- called also raddle hedge.
   Todd.

   3.  An  instrument  consisting of a woodmen bar, with a row of upright
   pegs  set in it, used by domestic weavers to keep the warp of a proper
   width,  and  prevent  tangling  when  it is wound upon the beam of the
   loom.

                                    Raddle

   Rad"dle, v. t. To interweave or twist together.

     Raddling or working it up like basket work. De Foe.

                                    Raddle

   Rad"dle,  n. [Cf. Ruddle.] A red pigment used in marking sheep, and in
   some mechanical processes; ruddle. "A ruddle of rouge." Thackeray.

                                    Raddle

   Rad"dle,  v.  t.  To mark or paint with, or as with, raddle. "Whitened
   and raddled old women." Thackeray.

                                    Raddock

   Rad"dock (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The ruddock. [Prov. Eng.]

                                     Rade

   Rade (?), n. A raid. [Scot.]

                                    Radeau

   Ra`deau" (?), n. [F.] A float; a raft.

     Three  vessels under sail, and one at anchor, above Split Rock, and
     behind it the radeau Thunderer. W. Irving.

                                    Radial

   Ra"di*al  (?),  a.  [Cf. F. radial. See Radius.] Of or pertaining to a
   radius  or  ray;  consisting of, or like, radii or rays; radiated; as,
   (Bot.)  radial  projections;  (Zo\'94l.)  radial  vessels  or  canals;
   (Anat.)   the  radial  artery.  Radial  symmetry.  (Biol.)  See  under
   Symmetry.

                                    Radiale

   Ra`di*a"le (?), n.; pl. Radialia (#). [NL. See Radial.]

   1.  (Anat.) The bone or cartilage of the carpus which articulates with
   the radius and corresponds to the scaphoid bone in man.

   2. pl. (Zo\'94l.) Radial plates in the calyx of a crinoid.

                                   Radially

   Ra"di*al*ly (?), adv. In a radial manner.

                                    Radian

   Ra"di*an  (?),  n.  [From Radius.] (Math.) An arc of a circle which is
   equal to the radius, or the angle measured by such an arc.

                              Radiance, Radiancy

   Ra"di*ance  (?),  Ra"di*an*cy  (?),  n.  The quality of being radiant;
   brilliancy; effulgence; vivid brightness; as, the radiance of the sun.

     Girt with omnipotence, with radiance crowned. Milton.

     What radiancy of glory, What light beyond compare ! Neale.

   Syn. -- Luster; brilliancy; splendor; glare; glitter.

                                    Radiant

   Ra"di*ant  (?), a. [L. radians, -antis, p. pr. of radiare to emit rays
   or  beams, fr. radius ray: cf. F. radiant. See Radius, Ray a divergent
   line.]

   1.  Emitting  or  proceeding as from a center; [U.S.] rays; radiating;
   radiate.

   2.  Especially,  emitting or darting rays of light or heat; issuing in
   beams  or  rays;  beaming  with  brightness; emitting a vivid light or
   splendor; as, the radiant sun.

     Mark what radiant state she spreads. Milton.

   3. Beaming with vivacity and happiness; as, a radiant face.

   4.  (Her.) Giving off rays; -- said of a bearing; as, the sun radiant;
   a crown radiant.

   5.  (Bot.)  Having a raylike appearance, as the large marginal flowers
   of certain umbelliferous plants; -- said also of the cluster which has
   such marginal flowers.
   Radiant   energy   (Physics),  energy  given  out  or  transmitted  by
   radiation,  as in the case of light and radiant heat. -- Radiant heat,
   proceeding in right lines, or directly from the heated body, after the
   manner  of  light,  in  distinction  from heat conducted or carried by
   intervening media. -- Radiant point. (Astron.) See Radiant, n., 3.

                                    Radiant

   Ra"di*ant, n.

   1.  (Opt.)  The  luminous  point  or object from which light emanates;
   also, a body radiating light brightly.

   2.  (Geom.)  A  straight  line proceeding from a given point, or fixed
   pole, about which it is conceived to revolve.

   3.  (Astron.)  The point in the heavens at which the apparent paths of
   shooting  stars  meet,  when traced backward, or whence they appear to
   radiate.

                                   Radiantly

   Ra"di*ant*ly (?), adv. In a radiant manner; with glittering splendor.

                                    Radiary

   Ra"di*a*ry (?), n. [Cf. F. radiaire.] (Zo\'94l.) A radiate. [Obs.]

                                    Radiata

   Ra`di*a"ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  radiatus,  p.  p. See Radiate.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  An extensive artificial group of invertebrates, having all
   the  parts arranged radially around the vertical axis of the body, and
   the various organs repeated symmetrically in each ray or spheromere.

     NOTE: &hand; It  in cludes the c&oe;lenterates and the echinoderms.
     Formerly,  the  group  was  supposed  to  be a natural one, and was
     considered one of the grand divisions of the animal kingdom.

                                    Radiate

   Ra"di*ate  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Radiated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Radiating.]  [L.  radiatus, p. p. of radiare to furnish with spokes or
   rays, to radiate, fr. radius. See Radius, Ray a divergent line.]

   1. To emit rays; to be radiant; to shine.

     Virtues  shine more clear In them [kings], and radiant like the sun
     at noon. Howell.

   2.  To  proceed  in  direct lines from a point or surface; to issue in
   rays, as light or heat.

     Light radiates from luminous bodies directly to our eyes. Locke.

                                    Radiate

   Ra"di*ate, v. t.

   1.  To emit or send out in direct lines from a point or points; as, to
   radiate heat.

   2.  To  enlighten;  to  illuminate; to shed light or brightness on; to
   irradiate. [R.]

                                    Radiate

   Ra"di*ate (?), a. [L. radiatus, p. p.]

   1.  Having  rays  or  parts  diverging  from a center; radiated; as, a
   radiate crystal.

   2. (Bot.) Having in a capitulum large ray florets which are unlike the
   disk florets, as in the aster, daisy, etc.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) Belonging to the Radiata.

                                    Radiate

   Ra"di*ate, n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Radiata.

                                   Radiated

   Ra"di*a`ted (?), a.

   1. Emitted, or sent forth, in rays or direct lines; as, radiated heat.

   2.  Formed  of,  or  arranged  like,  rays  or  radii; having parts or
   markings  diverging,  like  radii, from a common center or axis; as, a
   radiated structure; a radiated group of crystals.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) Belonging to the Radiata.

                                   Radiately

   Ra"di*ate*ly  (?),  adv.  In  a  radiate  manner;  with  radiation  or
   divergence from a center.

                                Radi-ate-veined

   Ra"di-ate-veined` (?), a. (Bot.) Having the principal veins radiating,
   or  diverging, from the apex of the petiole; -- said of such leaves as
   those of the grapevine, most maples, and the castor-oil plant.

                                  Radiatiform

   Ra`di*at"i*form  (?),  a.  (Bot.) Having the marginal florets enlarged
   and  radiating  but  not  ligulate, as in the capitula or heads of the
   cornflower, Gray.

                                   Radiation

   Ra`di*a"tion (?), n. [L. radiatio: cf. F. radiation.]

   1.  The act of radiating, or the state of being radiated; emission and
   diffusion of rays of light; beamy brightness.

   2.  The  shooting  forth of anything from a point or surface, like the
   diverging rays of light; as, the radiation of heat.

                                   Radiative

   Ra"di*a*tive  (?),  a.  Capable  of  radiating;  acting  by radiation.
   Tyndall.

                                   Radiator

   Ra"di*a`tor  (?),  n.  That  which  radiates or emits rays, whether of
   light or heat; especially, that part of a heating apparatus from which
   the heat is radiated or diffused; as, a stream radiator.

                                    Radical

   Rad"i*cal  (?),  a.  [F.,  fr.  L.  radicalis having roots, fr. radix,
   -icis, a root. See Radix.]

   1. Of or pertaining to the root; proceeding directly from the root.

   2.  Hence:  Of  or  pertaining  to the root or origin; reaching to the
   center,  to  the foundation to the ultimate sources to the principles,
   or   the   like:  original;  fundamental;  thorough-going;  unsparing;
   extreme; as, radical evils; radical reform; a radical party.

     The most determined exertions of that authority, against them, only
     showed their radical independence. Burke.

   3.  (Bot.)  (a) Belonging to, or proceeding from, the root of a plant;
   as,  radical  tubers or hairs. (b) Proceeding from a rootlike stem, or
   one  which  does  not rise above the ground; as, the radical leaves of
   the dandelion and the sidesaddle flower.

   4.  (Philol.)  Relating, or belonging, to the root, or ultimate source
   of derivation; as, a radical verbal form.

   5.  (Math.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  radix  or  root; as, a radical
   quantity; a radical sign. See below.
   Radical axis of two circles. (Geom.) See under Axis. -- Radical pitch,
   the pitch or tone with which the utterance of a syllable begins. Rush.
   --  Radical  quantity  (Alg.), a quantity to which the radical sign is
   prefixed; specifically, a quantity which is not a perfect power of the
   degree indicated by the radical sign; a surd. -- Radical sign (Math.),
   the sign &root; (originally the letter r, the initial of radix, root),
   placed before any quantity, denoting that its root is to be extracted;
   thus, &root;a, or &root;(a + b). To indicate any other than the square
   root,   a   corresponding   figure  is  placed  over  the  sign;  thus
   &cuberoot;a,  indicates the third or cube root of a. -- Radical stress
   (Elocution),  force  of  utterance  falling  on  the initial part of a
   syllable  or  sound.  -- Radical vessels (Anat.), minute vessels which
   originate  in  the  substance  of  the  tissues.  Syn.  --  Primitive;
   original; natural; underived; fundamental; entire. -- Radical, Entire.
   These  words  are frequently employed as interchangeable in describing
   some marked alternation in the condition of things. There is, however,
   an  obvious  difference between them. A radical cure, reform, etc., is
   one which goes to the root of the thing in question; and it is entire,
   in  the sense that, by affecting the root, it affects in a appropriate
   degree the entire body nourished by the root; but it may not be entire
   in  the sense of making a change complete in its nature, as well as in
   its   extent.   Hence,  we  speak  of  a  radical  change;  a  radical
   improvement;  radical  differences of opinion; while an entire change,
   an entire improvement, an entire difference of opinion, might indicate
   more  than was actually intended. A certain change may be both radical
   and entire, in every sense.

                                    Radical

   Rad"i*cal (?), n.

   1.  (Philol.)  (a)  A  primitive  word;  a  radix,  root,  or  simple,
   underived,  uncompounded  word;  an  etymon. (b) A primitive letter; a
   letter that belongs to the radix.

     The  words we at present make use of, and understand only by common
     agreement, assume a new air and life in the understanding, when you
     trace  them  to  their radicals, where you find every word strongly
     stamped  with nature; full of energy, meaning, character, painting,
     and poetry. Cleland.

   2.  (Politics)  One  who  advocates  radical  changes in government or
   social  institutions, especially such changes as are intended to level
   class inequalities; -- opposed to conservative.

     In  politics  they  [the Independents] were, to use phrase of their
     own  time.  "Root-and-Branch men," or, to use the kindred phrase of
     our own, Radicals. Macaulay.

   3.   (Chem.)   (a)   A   characteristic,  essential,  and  fundamental
   constituent of any compound; hence, sometimes, an atom.

     As a general rule, the metallic atoms are basic radicals, while the
     nonmetallic atoms are acid radicals. J. P. Cooke.

   (b)  Specifically,  a  group  of  two  or  more  atoms, not completely
   saturated,  which  are  so  linked  that  their  union implies certain
   properties,  and  are  conveniently  regarded as playing the part of a
   single  atom;  a  residue;  --  called  also  a  compound radical. Cf.
   Residue.

   4. (Alg.) A radical quantity. See under Radical, a.

     An indicated root of a perfect power of the degree indicated is not
     a  radical  but  a rational quantity under a radical form. Davies &
     Peck (Math. Dict. )

   5. (Anat.) A radical vessel. See under Radical, a.

                                  Radicalism

   Rad"i*cal*ism  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. radicalisme.] The quality or state of
   being  radical;  specifically, the doctrines or principles of radicals
   in politics or social reform.

     Radicalism  means  root  work;  the uprooting of all falsehoods and
     abuses. F. W. Robertson.

                                  Radicality

   Rad`i*cal"i*ty (?), n.

   1. Germinal principle; source; origination. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

   2.  Radicalness;  relation to root in essential to a root in essential
   nature or principle.

                                   Radically

   Rad"i*cal*ly (?), adv.

   1.   In   a   radical  manner;  at,  or  from,  the  origin  or  root;
   fundamentally; as, a scheme or system radically wrong or defective.

   2. Without derivation; primitively; essentially. [R.]

     These great orbs thus radically bright. Prior.

                                  Radicalness

   Rad"i*cal*ness, n. Quality or state of being radical.

                                   Radicant

   Rad"i*cant  (?),  a.  [L.  radicans,  p.  pr.:  cf.  F.  radicant. See
   Radicate,  a.]  (Bot.)  Taking  root on, or above, the ground; rooting
   from the stem, as the trumpet creeper and the ivy.

                                   Radicate

   Rad"i*cate  (?), a. [L. radicatus, p. p. of radicari to take root, fr.
   radix. See Radix.] Radicated.

                                   Radicate

   Rad"i*cate (?), v. i. To take root; to become rooted. Evelyn.

                                   Radicate

   Rad"i*cate,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Radicated  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Radicating.]  To  cause  to  take root; to plant deeply and firmly; to
   root.

     Time should . . . rather confirm and radicate in us the remembrance
     of God's goodness. Barrow.

                                   Radicated

   Rad"i*ca`ted (?), a. Rooted; specifically: (a) (Bot.) Having roots, or
   possessing  a  well-developed  root.  (b)  (Zo\'94l.)  Having rootlike
   organs for attachment.

                                  Radication

   Rad`i*ca"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. radication.]

   1.  The  process  of  taking  root,  or state of being rooted; as, the
   radication of habits.

   2. (Bot.) The disposition of the roots of a plant.

                                    Radicel

   Rad"i*cel  (?), n. [Dim. of radix.] (Bot.) A small branch of a root; a
   rootlet.

                                 Radiciflorous

   Ra*dic`i*flo"rous  (?),  a.  [L.  radix, -icis, root + flos, floris, a
   flower.] (Bot.) Rhizanthous.

                                  Radiciform

   Ra*dic"i*form  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Having  the nature or appearance of a
   radix or root.

                                    Radicle

   Rad"i*cle  (?),  n.  [L.  radicula, dim. of radix, -icis, root: cf. F.
   radicule. See Radix.] (Bot.) (a) The rudimentary stem of a plant which
   supports  the  cotyledons  in  the  seed,  and  from which the root is
   developed  downward;  the  stem  of  the  embryo;  the caulicle. (b) A
   rootlet; a radicel.

                                   Radicular

   Ra*dic"u*lar  (?),  a.  Of  or  performance to roots, or the root of a
   plant.

                                   Radicule

   Rad"i*cule (?), n. A radicle.

                                  Radiculose

   Ra*dic"u*lose`   (?),   a.  (Bot.)  Producing  numerous  radicles,  or
   rootlets.

                                     Radii

   Ra"di*i (?), n., pl. of Radius.

                                    Radio-

   Ra"di*o- (?). A combining form indicating connection with, or relation
   to,  a  radius  or  ray;  specifically (Anat.), with the radius of the
   forearm; as, radio-ulnar, radiomuscular, radiocarpal.

                               Radio-flagellata

   Ra`di*o-flag`el*la"ta  (?),  n. pl. [NL. See Radiate, and Flagellata.]
   (Zo\'94l.) A group of Protozoa having both flagella and pseudopodia.

                                  Radiograph

   Ra"di*o*graph (?), n. [Radio- + -graph.] (Phys.) A picture produced by
   the   R\'94ntgen  rays  upon  a  sensitive  surface,  photographic  or
   fluorescent,  especially  a picture of opaque objects traversed by the
   rays.<-- also X-ray photo or X-ray -->
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   Page 1184

                                  Radiolaria

   Ra`di*o*la"ri*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL. See Radioli.] (Zo\'94l.) Order of
   rhizopods,   usually  having  a  siliceous  skeleton,  or  shell,  and
   sometimes  radiating  spicules.  The pseudopodia project from the body
   like rays. It includes the polycystines. See Polycystina.

                                  Radiolarian

   Ra`di*o*la"ri*an   (?),   a.   (Zo\'94l.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the
   Radiolaria. -- n. One of the Radiolaria.

                                    Radioli

   Ra*di"o*li  (?),  n.  pl.;  sing.  Radiolus (. [NL., dim. of L. radius
   radius: cf. L. radiolus a feeble sunbeam.] (Zo\'94l.) The barbs of the
   radii of a feather; barbules.

                                   Radiolite

   Ra"di*o*lite  (?),  n.  [L.  radius  ray  + -lite: cf. F. radiolithe.]
   (Paleon.) A hippurite.

                                  Radiometer

   Ra`di*om"e*ter   (?),   n.   [L.   radius  radius  +  -meter:  cf.  F.
   radiom\'8atre.]

   1. (Naut.) A forestaff.

   2.  (Physics)  An  instrument  designed  for  measuring the mechanical
   effect of radiant energy.

     NOTE: &hand; It  co nsists of a number of light discs, blackened on
     one  side,  placed  at the ends of extended arms, supported on an a
     pivot  in  an exhausted glass vessel. When exposed to rays of light
     or heat, the arms rotate.

                                Radiomicrometer

   Ra`di*o*mi*crom"e*ter  (?), n. [Radio- + micrometer.] (Physics) A very
   sensitive  modification  or  application  of  the thermopile, used for
   indicating minute changes of radiant heat, or temperature.

                                  Radiophone

   Ra"di*o*phone  (?),  [Radio-  +  Gr.  (Physics)  An  apparatus for the
   production  of  sound by the action of luminous or thermal rays. It is
   essentially the same as the photophone. <-- 2. a telephone using radio
   waves -->

                                  Radiophony

   Ra`di*oph"o*ny  (?),  n.  (Physics)  The  art or practice of using the
   radiophone.

                                    Radious

   Ra"di*ous (?), a. [L. radiosus.]

   1. Consisting of rays, and light. [R.] Berkeley.

   2. Radiating; radiant. [Obs.] G. Fletcher.

                                    Radish

   Rad"ish  (?),  n.  [F.  radis;  cf. It. radice, Pr. raditz: all fr. L.
   radix,  -icis, a root, an edible root, especially a radish, akin to E.
   wort.  See  Wort,  and  cf. Eradicate, Race a root, Radix.] (Bot.) The
   pungent  fleshy  root  of  a  well-known  cruciferous  plant (Paphanus
   sativus);  also,  the  whole  plant.  Radish  fly  (Zo\'94l.), a small
   two-winged  fly (Anthomyia raphani) whose larv\'91 burrow in radishes.
   It  resembles  the  onion  fly.  --  Rat-tailed radish (Bot.), an herb
   (Raphanus  caudatus)  having  a  long, slender pod, which is sometimes
   eaten. -- Wild radish (Bot.), the jointed charlock.

                                    Radius

   Ra"di*us  (?),  n.;  pl.  L. Radii (#); E. Radiuses (#). [L., a staff,
   rod, spoke of a wheel, radius, ray. See Ray a divergent line.]

   1. (Geom.) A right line drawn or extending from the center of a circle
   to the periphery; the semidiameter of a circle or sphere.

   2.   (Anat.)   The   preaxial   bone  of  the  forearm,  or  brachium,
   corresponding   to  the  tibia  of  the  hind  limb.  See  Illust.  of
   Artiodactyla.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ra dius is  on  th e same side of the limb as the
     thumb,  or  pollex, and in man it so articulated that its lower end
     is capable of partial rotation about the ulna.

   3.  (Bot.)  A ray, or outer floret, of the capitulum of such plants as
   the sunflower and the daisy. See Ray, 2.

   4. pl. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The barbs of a perfect. (b) Radiating organs, or
   color-markings, of the radiates.

   5. The movable limb of a sextant or other angular instrument. Knight.
   Radius  bar  (Math.), a bar pivoted at one end, about which it swings,
   and  having  its other end attached to a piece which it causes to move
   in a circular arc. -- Radius of curvature. See under Curvature.

                                 Radius vector

   Ra"di*us vec"tor (?).

   1. (Math.) A straight line (or the length of such line) connecting any
   point,  as  of  a  curve, with a fixed point, or pole, round which the
   straight  line  turns,  and to which it serves to refer the successive
   points   of  a  curve,  in  a  system  of  polar  co\'94rdinates.  See
   Co\'94rdinate, n.

   2.  (Astron.)  An  ideal  straight  line  joining  the  center  of  an
   attracting  body with that of a body describing an orbit around it, as
   a  line  joining  the  sun  and a planet or comet, or a planet and its
   satellite.

                                     Radix

   Ra"dix  (?),  n.;  pl.  Radices (#), E. Radixes (#). [L. radix, -icis,
   root. See Radish.]

   1.  (Philol.) A primitive, from which spring other words; a radical; a
   root; an etymon.

   2.  (Math.)  (a)  A  number  or quantity which is arbitrarily made the
   fundamental  number  of  any system; a base. Thus, 10 is the radix, or
   base,  of  the  common  system  of logarithms, and also of the decimal
   system  of  numeration.  (b)  (Alg.) A finite expression, from which a
   series is derived. [R.] Hutton.

   3. (Bot.) The root of a plant.

                                    Radula

   Rad"u*la  (?),  n.;  pl.  Radul\'91 (#). [L., a scraper, fr. radere to
   scrape.]   (Zo\'94l.)  The  chitinous  ribbon  bearing  the  teeth  of
   mollusks; -- called also lingual ribbon, and tongue. See Odontophore.

                                  Raduliform

   Ra*du"li*form  (?),  a.  [L.  radula a scraper + -form.] Rasplike; as,
   raduliform teeth.

                                     Raff

   Raff  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Raffed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Raffing.]
   [OF.  raffer,  of  German  origin;  cf.  G.  raffen; akin to E. rap to
   snatch.  See  Rap,  and  cf. Riffraff, Rip to tear.] To sweep, snatch,
   draw, or huddle together; to take by a promiscuous sweep. [Obs.]

     Causes and effects which I thus raff up together. Carew.

                                     Raff

   Raff, n.

   1.  A promiscuous heap; a jumble; a large quantity; lumber; refuse. "A
   raff of errors." Barrow.

   2.  The  sweepings of society; the rabble; the mob; -- chiefly used in
   the compound or duplicate, riffraff.

   3. A low fellow; a churl.
   Raff merchant, a dealer in lumber and odd refuse. [Prov. Eng.]

                                 Raffaelesque

   Raf`fa*el*esque" (?), a. Raphaelesque.

                                    Raffia

   Raf"fi*a (?), n. (Bot.) A fibrous material used for tying plants, said
   to  come  from the leaves of a palm tree of the genus Raphia. J. Smith
   (Dict. Econ. Plants).

                                   Raffinose

   Raf"fi*nose`  (?),  n.  [F.  raffiner  to refine.] (Chem.) A colorless
   crystalline slightly sweet substance obtained from the molasses of the
   sugar beet.

                                    Raffish

   Raff"ish  (?),  a.  Resembling, or having the character of, raff, or a
   raff; worthless; low.

     A sad, raffish, disreputable character. Thackeray.

                                    Raffle

   Raf"fle  (?), n. [F. rafle; faire rafle to sweep stakes, fr. rafter to
   carry  or  sweep  away, rafler tout to sweep stakes; of German origin;
   cf. G. raffeln to snatch up, to rake. See Raff, v.]

   1.  A  kind  of  lottery, in which several persons pay, in shares, the
   value of something put up as a stake, and then determine by chance (as
   by casting dice) which one of them shall become the sole possessor.

   2.  A  game  of  dice  in  which  he who threw three alike won all the
   stakes. [Obs.] Cotgrave.

                                    Raffle

   Raf"fle,  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Raffled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Raffling
   (?).] To engage in a raffle; as, to raffle for a watch.

                                    Raffle

   Raf"fle,  v.  t. To dispose of by means of a raffle; -- often followed
   by off; as, to raffle off a horse.

                                    Raffler

   Raf"fler (?), n. One who raffles.

                                   Rafflesia

   Raf*fle"si*a  (?),  n. [NL. Named from its discoverer, Sir S. Raffle.]
   (Bot.) A genus of stemless, leafless plants, living parasitically upon
   the  roots  and  stems  of  grapevines in Malaysia. The flowers have a
   carrionlike  odor,  and  are  very  large,  in  one species (Rafflesia
   Arnoldi) having a diameter of two or three feet.

                                     Raft

   Raft (?), obs. imp. & p. p. of Reave. Spenser.

                                     Raft

   Raft,  n.  [Originally,  a rafter, spar, and fr. Icel. raptr a rafter;
   akin  to  Dan.  raft,  Prov. G. raff a rafter, spar; cf. OHG. r\'befo,
   r\'bevo, a beam, rafter, Icel. r\'bef roof. Cf. Rafter, n.]

   1.  A  collection  of  logs,  boards,  pieces  of timber, or the like,
   fastened,  together, either for their own collective conveyance on the
   water, or to serve as a support in conveying other things; a float.

   2. A collection of logs, fallen trees, etc. (such as is formed in some
   Western  rivers  of  the  United  States), which obstructs navigation.
   [U.S.]

   3.  [Perhaps  akin  to  raff  a heap.] A large collection of people or
   things taken indiscriminately. [Slang, U. S.] "A whole raft of folks."
   W. D. Howells.
   Raft  bridge.  (a)  A  bridge whose points of support are rafts. (b) A
   bridge  that  consists  of floating timbers fastened together. -- Raft
   duck.  [The  name alludes to its swimming in dense flocks.] (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  bluebill,  or greater scaup duck; -- called also flock duck.
   See Scaup. (b) The redhead. -- Raft port (Naut.), a large, square port
   in  a  vessel's  side  for  loading or unloading timber or other bulky
   articles; a timber or lumber port.

                                     Raft

   Raft,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Rafted;  p. pr. & vb. n. Rafting.] To
   transport  on  a  raft, or in the form of a raft; to make into a raft;
   as, to raft timber.

                                     Rafte

   Raf"te (?), obs. imp. of Reave. Chaucer.

                                    Rafter

   Raft"er (?), n. A raftsman.

                                    Rafter

   Raft"er,  n.  [AS.  r\'91fter;  akin to E. raft, n. See Raft.] (Arch.)
   Originally,  any  rough  and  somewhat  heavy  piece  of  timber. Now,
   commonly,  one  of  the  timbers  of  a roof which are put on sloping,
   according to the inclination of the roof. See Illust. of Queen-post.

     [Courtesy]  oft is sooner found in lowly sheds, With smoky rafters,
     than in tapestry halls. Milton.

                                    Rafter

   Raft"er, v. t.

   1. To make into rafters, as timber.

   2. To furnish with rafters, as a house.

   3.  (Agric.)  To plow so as to turn the grass side of each furrow upon
   an unplowed ridge; to ridge. [Eng.]

                                    Rafting

   Raft"ing, n. The business of making or managing rafts.

                                   Raftsman

   Rafts"man (?), n.; pl. Raftsmen (. A man engaged in rafting.

                                     Rafty

   Raf"ty  (?),  a.  [Perhaps  akin  to  G. reif hoarfrost.] Damp; musty.
   [Prov. Eng.]

                                      Rag

   Rag  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  Icel.  r\'91gja to calumniate, OHG, ruogen to
   accuse, G. r\'81gen to censure, AS. wr&emac;gan, Goth. wr&omac;hjan to
   accuse.]  To  scold  or  rail  at;  to  rate; to tease; to torment; to
   banter. [Prov. Eng.] Pegge.

                                      Rag

   Rag, n. [OE. ragge, probably of Scand, origin; cf. Icel. r\'94gg rough
   hair. Cf. Rug, n.]

   1.  A  piece  of cloth torn off; a tattered piece of cloth; a shred; a
   tatter; a fragment.

     Cowls, hoods, and habits, with their wearers, tossed, And fluttered
     into rags. Milton.

     Not  having  otherwise  any  rag  of legality to cover the shame of
     their cruelty. Fuller.

   2. pl. Hence, mean or tattered attire; worn-out dress.

     And virtue, though in rags, will keep me warm. Dryden.

   3. A shabby, beggarly fellow; a ragamuffin.

     The other zealous rag is the compositor. B. Jonson.

     Upon the proclamation, they all came in, both tag and rag. Spenser.

   4. (Geol.) A coarse kind of rock, somewhat cellular in texture.

   5. (Metal Working) A ragged edge.

   6. A sail, or any piece of canvas. [Nautical Slang]

     Our ship was a clipper with every rag set. Lowell.

   Rag  bolt,  an iron pin with barbs on its shank to retain it in place.
   --  Rag carpet, a carpet of which the weft consists of narrow of cloth
   sewed  together,  end to end. -- Rag dust, fine particles of ground-up
   rags,  used  in  making papier-mach\'82 and wall papers. -- Rag wheel.
   (a)  A  chain  wheel;  a sprocket wheel. (b) A polishing wheel made of
   disks  of  cloth  clamped  together  on  a  mandrel. -- Rag wool, wool
   obtained by tearing woolen rags into fine bits, shoddy.

                                      Rag

   Rag (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Ragged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Ragging (?).]
   To become tattered. [Obs.]

                                      Rag

   Rag, v. t.

   1. To break (ore) into lumps for sorting.

   2. To cut or dress roughly, as a grindstone.

                              Ragabash, Ragabrash

   Rag"a*bash`  (?),  Rag"a*brash` (?), n. An idle, ragged person. Nares.
   Grose.

                                  Ragamuffin

   Rag`a*muf"fin  (?),  n. [Cf. Ragamofin, the name of a demon in some of
   the old mysteries.]

   1. A paltry or disreputable fellow; a mean which. Dryden.

   2. A person who wears ragged clothing. [Colloq.]

   3. (Zo\'94l.) The long-tailed titmouse. [Prov. Eng.]

                                     Rage

   Rage  (?), n. [F., fr. L. rabies, fr. rabere to rave; cf. Skr. rabh to
   seize, rabhas violence. Cf. Rabid, Rabies, Rave.]

   1.  Violent  excitement;  eager  passion; extreme vehemence of desire,
   emotion,  or  suffering,  mastering the will. "In great rage of pain."
   Bacon.

     He  appeased  the  rage  of hunger with some scraps of broken meat.
     Macaulay.

     Convulsed with a rage of grief. Hawthorne.

   2.  Especially,  anger  accompanied  with raving; overmastering wrath;
   violent anger; fury.

     torment, and loud lament, and furious rage. Milton.

   3. A violent or raging wind. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   4.  The  subject  of  eager  desire;  that  which  is sought after, or
   prosecuted,  with unreasonable or excessive passion; as, to be all the
   rage. Syn. -- Anger; vehemence; excitement; passion; fury. See Anger.

                                     Rage

   Rage, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Raged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Raging (?).] [OF.
   ragier. See Rage, n.]

   1.  To  be  furious  with  anger;  to  be  exasperated  to fury; to be
   violently agitated with passion. "Whereat he inly raged." Milton.

     When  one  so  great  begins  to rage, he a hunted Even to falling.
     Shak.

   2.  To  be violent and tumultuous; to be violently driven or agitated;
   to act or move furiously; as, the raging sea or winds.

     Why do the heathen rage ? Ps. ii. 1.

     The  madding  wheels  Of brazen chariots raged; dire was the noise.
     Milton.

   3.  To  ravage;  to  prevail without restraint, or with destruction or
   fatal effect; as, the plague raged in Cairo.

   4. To toy or act wantonly; to sport. [Obs.] Chaucer. Syn. -- To storm;
   fret; chafe; fume.

                                     Rage

   Rage, v. t. To enrage. [Obs.] Shak.

                                    Rageful

   Rage"ful (?), a. Full of rage; expressing rage. [Obs.] "Rageful eyes."
   Sir P. Sidney.

                                    Ragery

   Ra"ger*y (?), n. Wantonness. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Ragged

   Rag"ged (?), a. [From Rag, n.]

   1.  Rent  or  worn  into tatters, or till the texture is broken; as, a
   ragged coat; a ragged sail.

   2.  Broken  with  rough edges; having jags; uneven; rough; jagged; as,
   ragged rocks.

   3. Hence, harsh and disagreeable to the ear; dissonant. [R.] "A ragged
   noise of mirth." Herbert.

   4. Wearing tattered clothes; as, a ragged fellow.

   5. Rough; shaggy; rugged.

     What shepherd owns those ragged sheep ? Dryden.

   Ragged  lady  (Bot.), the fennel flower (Nigella Damascena). -- Ragged
   robin   (Bot.),  a  plant  of  the  genus  Lychnis  (L.  Flos-cuculi),
   cultivated  for  its  handsome flowers, which have the petals cut into
   narrow  lobes.  --  Ragged  sailor (Bot.), prince's feather (Polygonum
   orientale).  --  Ragged school, a free school for poor children, where
   they are taught and in part fed; -- a name given at first because they
   came   in  their  common  clothing.  [Eng.]  --  Rag"ged*ly,  adv.  --
   Rag"ged*ness, n.

                               Raggie, OR Raggy

   Rag"gie  (?),  OR Rag"gy, a. Ragged; rough. [Obs.] "A stony and raggie
   hill." Holland.

                                  Raghuvansa

   Ragh`u*van"sa   (?),  n.  [Skr.  Raguva&msdot;&cced;a.]  A  celebrated
   Sanskrit poem having for its subject the Raghu dynasty.

                                    Raging

   Ra"ging (?), a. & n. from Rage, v. i. -- Ra"*ging*ly, adv.

                                    Ragious

   Ra"gious (?), a. Raging; furious; rageful. [Obs.] -- Ra"gious*ness, n.
   [Obs.]

                                    Raglan

   Rag"lan  (?),  n.  A  loose overcoat with large sleeves; -- named from
   Lord Raglan, an English general.

                                    Ragman

   Rag"man (?), n.; pl. Ragmen (. A man who collects, or deals in, rags.

                                    Ragman

   Rag"man,  n.  [See  Ragman's  roll.]  A  document having many names or
   numerous seals, as a papal bull. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

                                 Ragman's roll

   Rag"man's  roll`  (?).  [For  ragman  roll  a  long list of names, the
   devil's  roll  or  list;  where  ragman is of Scand. origin; cf. Icel.
   ragmenni  a craven person, Sw. raggen the devil. Icel. ragmenni is fr.
   ragr  cowardly (another form of argr, akin to AS. earg cowardly, vile,
   G.  arg bad) + menni (in comp.) man, akin to E. man. See Roll, and cf.
   Rigmarole.]  The  rolls  of  deeds  on parchment in which the Scottish
   nobility  and gentry subscribed allegiance to Edward I. of England, A.
   D. 1296. [Also written ragman-roll.]

                                    Ragout

   Ra*gout"  (?),  n.  [F.  rago\'96t,  fr.  rago\'96ter to restore one's
   appetite,  fr.  L.  pref.  re-  re- + ad to + gustare to taste, gustus
   taste.  See  Gust  relish.] A dish made of pieces of meat, stewed, and
   highly seasoned; as, a ragout of mutton.

                                   Ragpicker

   Rag"pick`er  (?),  n.  One  who  gets  a living by picking up rags and
   refuse things in the streets.

                               Raguled, Ragguled

   Ra*guled"  (?), Rag*guled" (?), a. [Cf. F. raguer to chafe, fret, rub,
   or  E.  rag.]  (Her.) Notched in regular diagonal breaks; -- said of a
   line, or a bearing having such an edge.
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   Page 1185

                                    Ragweed

   Rag"weed  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A common American composite weed (Ambrosia
   artemisi\'91folia) with finely divided leaves; hogweed. Great ragweed,
   a  coarse  American  herb  (Ambrosia  trifida), with rough three-lobed
   opposite leaves.

                                    Ragwork

   Rag"work`  (?),  n.  (Masonry)  A  kind  of  rubblework. In the United
   States, any rubblework of thin and small stones.

                                    Ragwort

   Rag"wort`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  name  given  to several species of the
   composite genus Senecio.

     NOTE: &hand; Se necio au reus is  th e golden ragwort of the United
     States: S. elegans is the purple ragwort of South Africa.

                                     Raia

   Ra"ia  (?),  n.  [L.,  a ray. Cf. Ray the fish.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of
   rays which includes the skates. See Skate.

                                    Rai\'91

   Ra"i\'91  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Raia.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The  order  of
   elasmobranch fishes which includes the sawfishes, skates, and rays; --
   called also Raj\'91, and Rajii.

                                     Raid

   Raid (?), n. [Icel. rei&edh; a riding, raid; akin to E. road. See Road
   a way.]

   1. A hostile or predatory incursion; an inroad or incursion of mounted
   men; a sudden and rapid invasion by a cavalry force; a foray.

     Marauding  chief! his sole delight. The moonlight raid, the morning
     fight. Sir W. Scott.

     There are permanent conquests, temporary occupation, and occasional
     raids. H. Spenser.

     NOTE: &hand; A  Sc ottish wo rd wh ich ca me into common use in the
     United  States  during  the Civil War, and was soon extended in its
     application.

   2.  An  attack  or invasion for the purpose of making arrests, seizing
   property,  or  plundering;  as,  a  raid of the police upon a gambling
   house; a raid of contractors on the public treasury. [Colloq. U. S.]

                                     Raid

   Raid,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Raided; p. pr. & vb. n. Raiding.] To make a
   raid upon or into; as, two regiments raided the border counties.

                                    Raider

   Raid"er (?), n. One who engages in a raid. [U.S.]

                                     Rail

   Rail  (?),  n. [OE. reil, re\'f4el, AS. hr\'91gel, hr\'91gl a garment;
   akin  to  OHG.  hregil,  OFries. hreil.] An outer cloak or covering; a
   neckerchief for women. Fairholt.

                                     Rail

   Rail,  v.  i.  [Etymol.  uncertain.]  To  flow  forth; to roll out; to
   course. [Obs.]

     Streams of tears from her fair eyes forth railing. Spenser.

                                     Rail

   Rail, n. [Akin to LG. & Sw. regel bar, bolt, G. riegel a rail, bar, or
   bolt, OHG, rigil, rigel, bar, bolt, and possibly to E. row a line.]

   1.  A  bar  of  timber  or  metal,  usually  horizontal  or nearly so,
   extending  from  one  post  or  support  to  another,  as  in  fences,
   balustrades, staircases, etc.

   2.  (Arch.)  A horizontal piece in a frame or paneling. See Illust. of
   Style.

   3.  (Railroad)  A  bar  of steel or iron, forming part of the track on
   which the wheels roll. It is usually shaped with reference to vertical
   strength, and is held in place by chairs, splices, etc.

   4.  (Naut.)  (a)  The  stout,  narrow  plank that forms the top of the
   bulwarks.  (b) The light, fencelike structures of wood or metal at the
   break of the deck, and elsewhere where such protection is needed.
   Rail  fence.  See under Fence. -- Rail guard. (a) A device attached to
   the  front  of  a  locomotive  on  each  side  for  clearing  the rail
   obstructions.  (b)  A  guard  rail.  See  under  Guard.  -- Rail joint
   (Railroad),  a  splice  connecting  the  adjacent  ends  of  rails, in
   distinction  from a chair, which is merely a seat. The two devices are
   sometimes  united.  Among several hundred varieties, the fish joint is
   standard.  See  Fish  joint,  under  Fish. -- Rail train (Iron & Steel
   Manuf.),  a  train  of  rolls  in a rolling mill, for making rails for
   railroads from blooms or billets. 

                                     Rail

   Rail, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Railed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Railing.]

   1. To inclose with rails or a railing.

     It ought to be fenced in and railed. Ayliffe.

   2. To range in a line. [Obs.]

     They  were  brought  to  London all railed in ropes, like a team of
     horses in a cart. Bacon.

                                     Rail

   Rail,  n.  [F. r\'83le, fr. r\'83ler to have a rattling in the throat;
   of  German  origin,  and akin to E. rattle. See Rattle, v.] (Zo\'94l.)
   Any  one  of  numerous  species  of  limicoline  birds  of  the family
   Rallid\'91,  especially  those  of  the  genus  Rallus, and of closely
   allied genera. They are prized as game birds.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e co mmon European water rail (Rallus aquaticus) is
     called  also bilcock, skitty coot, and brook runner. The best known
     American  species  are  the clapper rail, or salt-marsh hen (Rallus
     lonqirostris,  var. crepitans); the king, or red-breasted, rail (R.
     elegans) (called also fresh-water marshhen); the lesser clapper, or
     Virginia,  rail  (R.  Virginianus); and the Carolina, or sora, rail
     (Porzana Carolina). See Sora.

   Land rail (Zo\'94l.), the corncrake.

                                     Rail

   Rail,  v.  i.  [F.  railler;  cf. Sp. rallar to grate, scrape, molest;
   perhaps  fr. (assumed) LL. radiculare, fr. L. radere to scrape, grate.
   Cf.  Rally to banter, Rase.] To use insolent and reproachful language;
   to  utter reproaches; to scoff; followed by at or against, formerly by
   on. Shak.

     And rail at arts he did not understand. Dryden.

     Lesbia forever on me rails. Swift.

                                     Rail

   Rail (?), v. t.

   1. To rail at. [Obs.] Feltham.

   2. To move or influence by railing. [R.]

     Rail the seal from off my bond. Shak.

                                    Railer

   Rail"er  (?),  n. One who rails; one who scoffs, insults, censures, or
   reproaches with opprobrious language.

                                    Railing

   Rail"ing, a. Expressing reproach; insulting.

     Angels  which  are  greater  in  power and might, bring not railing
     accusation against them. 2 Pet. ii. 11.

                                    Railing

   Rail"ing, n.

   1. A barrier made of a rail or of rails.

   2. Rails in general; also, material for making rails.

                                   Railingly

   Rail"ing*ly, adv. With scoffing or insulting language.

                                    Railery

   Rail"er*y (?; 277), n. [F. raillerie, fr. railler. See Rail to scoff.]
   Pleasantry  or  slight  satire;  banter;  jesting  language; satirical
   merriment.

     Let raillery be without malice or heat. B. Jonson.

     Studies  employed  on  low  objects;  the  very  naming  of them is
     sufficient to turn them into raillery. Addison.

                                   Railleur

   Rail`leur"  (?),  n.  [F.]  A  banterer;  a  jester;  a  mocker.  [R.]
   Wycherley.

                               Railroad, Railway

   Rail"road` (?), Rail"way` (?), n.

   1.  A road or way consisting of one or more parallel series of iron or
   steel  rails,  patterned  and  adjusted to be tracks for the wheels of
   vehicles, and suitably supported on a bed or substructure.

     NOTE: &hand; The modern railroad is a development and adaptation of
     the older tramway.

   2. The road, track, etc., with al the lands, buildings, rolling stock,
   franchises,  etc.,  pertaining  to them and constituting one property;
   as, certain railroad has been put into the hands of a receiver.

     NOTE: &hand; Ra ilway is the commoner word in England; railroad the
     commoner word in the United States.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e fo llowing an d si milar phrases railroad and
     railway are used interchangeably: --

   Atmospheric  railway,  Elevated  railway,  etc. See under Atmospheric,
   Elevated, etc. -- Cable railway. See Cable road, under Cable. -- Perry
   railway,  a  submerged  track  on which an elevated platform runs, fro
   carrying  a train of cars across a water course. -- Gravity railway, a
   railway,  in  a  hilly  country, on which the cars run by gravity down
   gentle  slopes  for  long  distances after having been hauled up steep
   inclines to an elevated point by stationary engines. -- Railway brake,
   a  brake used in stopping railway cars or locomotives. -- Railway car,
   a  large,  heavy  vehicle  with flanged wheels fitted for running on a
   railway.  [U.S.]  -- Railway carriage, a railway passenger car. [Eng.]
   -- Railway scale, a platform scale bearing a track which forms part of
   the line of a railway, for weighing loaded cars. -- Railway slide. See
   Transfer  table,  under Transfer. -- Railway spine (Med.), an abnormal
   condition  due to severe concussion of the spinal cord, such as occurs
   in  railroad  accidents.  It  is  characterized  by  ataxia  and other
   disturbances  of  muscular  function,  sensory  disorders, pain in the
   back,  impairment  of general health, and cerebral disturbance, -- the
   symptoms  often  not  developing till some months after the injury. --
   Underground  railroad  OR  railway.  (a) A railroad or railway running
   through  a  tunnel,  as beneath the streets of a city. (b) Formerly, a
   system  of  co\'94peration  among certain active antislavery people in
   the  United  States,  by which fugitive slaves were secretly helped to
   reach Canada.

     NOTE: [In the latter sense railroad, and not railway, was used.]

   "Their house was a principal entrep\'93t of the underground railroad."
   W. D. Howells.
   
                                  Railroading
                                       
   Rail"road`ing,  n.  The  construction  of  a railroad; the business of
   managing or operating a railroad. [Colloq. U. S.]
   
                                    Raiment
                                       
   Rai"ment (?), n. [Abbrev. fr. arraiment. See Array.]
   
   1.  Clothing  in  general;  vesture;  garments; -- usually singular in
   form, with a collective sense.
   
     Living, both food and raiment she supplies. Dryden.

   2. An article of dress. [R. or Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.

                                     Rain

   Rain (?), n. & v. Reign. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                     Rain

   Rain  (?),  n.  [OF.  rein,  AS.  regen; akin to OFries. rein, D. & G.
   regen,  OS.  &  OHG.  regan,  Icel., Dan., & Sw. regn, Goth. rign, and
   prob.  to  L.  rigare to water, to wet; cf. Gr. Water falling in drops
   from the clouds; the descent of water from the clouds in drops.

     Rain  is water by the heat of the sun divided into very small parts
     ascending  in the air, till, encountering the cold, it be condensed
     into clouds, and descends in drops. Ray.

     Fair days have oft contracted wind and rain. Milton.

     NOTE: &hand; Ra in is  di stinguished fr om mist by the size of the
     drops, which are distinctly visible. When water falls in very small
     drops  or  particles,  it  is  called  mist; and fog is composed of
     particles so fine as to be not only individually indistinguishable,
     but to float or be suspended in the air. See Fog, and Mist.

   Rain  band (Meteorol.), a dark band in the yellow portion of the solar
   spectrum  near the sodium line, caused by the presence of watery vapor
   in the atmosphere, and hence sometimes used in weather predictions. --
   Rain  bird  (Zo\'94l.),  the yaffle, or green woodpecker. [Prov. Eng.]
   The  name  is  also  applied  to various other birds, as to Saurothera
   vetula  of  the West Indies. -- Rain fowl (Zo\'94l.), the channel-bill
   cuckoo  (Scythrops  Nov\'91-Hollandi\'91) of Australia. -- Rain gauge,
   an  instrument  of  various  forms measuring the quantity of rain that
   falls  at  any  given  place  in  a  given  time;  a  pluviometer;  an
   ombrometer. -- Rain goose (Zo\'94l.), the red-throated diver, or loon.
   [Prov.  Eng.]  --  Rain  prints  (Geol.),  markings on the surfaces of
   stratified  rocks,  presenting  an appearance similar to those made by
   rain  on  mud and sand, and believed to have been so produced. -- Rain
   quail.  (Zo\'94l.)  See  Quail,  n.,  1. -- Rain water, water that has
   fallen from the clouds in rain.

                                     Rain

   Rain,  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Rained (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Raining.] [AS.
   regnian, akin to G. regnen, Goth. rignjan. See Rain, n.]

   1. To fall in drops from the clouds, as water; used mostly with it for
   a nominative; as, it rains.

     The rain it raineth every day. Shak.

   2.  To  fall or drop like water from the clouds; as, tears rained from
   their eyes.

                                     Rain

   Rain (?), v. t.

   1. To pour or shower down from above, like rain from the clouds.

     Then  said  the  Lord  unto  Moses,  Behold, I will rain bread from
     heaven for you. Ex. xvi. 4.

   2.  To bestow in a profuse or abundant manner; as, to rain favors upon
   a person.

                                    Rainbow

   Rain"bow` (?), n. [AS. regenboga, akin to G. regenbogen. See Rain, and
   Bow anything bent,] A bow or arch exhibiting, in concentric bands, the
   several  colors  of  the  spectrum,  and  formed  in  the  part of the
   hemisphere opposite to the sun by the refraction and reflection of the
   sun's rays in drops of falling rain.

     NOTE: &hand; Besides the ordinary bow, called also primary rainbow,
     which  is  formed  by  two refractions and one reflection, there is
     also  another  often  seen  exterior  to  it,  called the secondary
     rainbow,  concentric  with  the  first,  and separated from it by a
     small   interval.   It   is  formed  by  two  refractions  and  two
     reflections,  is  much  fainter  than  the primary bow, and has its
     colors arranged in the reverse order from those of the latter.

   Lunar  rainbow,  a  fainter  arch  or  rainbow, formed by the moon. --
   Marine  rainbow,  OR Sea bow, a similar bow seen in the spray of waves
   at   sea.   --   Rainbow  trout  (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright-colored  trout
   (Salmoirideus),  native  of  the  mountains  of  California,  but  now
   extensively  introduced  into  the  Eastern  States.  Japan, and other
   countries;  --  called  also  brook  trout, mountain trout, and golden
   trout.   --   Rainbow   wrasse.   (Zo\'94l.)   See  under  Wrasse.  --
   Supernumerary  rainbow, a smaller bow, usually of red and green colors
   only,  sometimes  seen  within  the  primary  or without the secondary
   rainbow, and in contact with them.

                                   Rainbowed

   Rain"bowed` (?), a. Formed with or like a rainbow.

                                   Raindeer

   Rain"deer` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Reindeer. [Obs.]

                                   Raindrop

   Rain"drop` (?), n. A drop of rain.

                                   Rainfall

   Rain"fall`  (?), n. A fall or descent of rain; the water, or amount of
   water,  that  falls  in  rain;  as,  the  average annual rainfall of a
   region.

     Supplied  by  the  rainfall  of  the  outer  ranges  of Sinchul and
     Singaleleh. Hooker.

                                   Raininess

   Rain"i*ness (?), n. The state of being rainy.

                                   Rainless

   Rain"less, a. Destitute of rain; as, a rainless region.

                                  Rain-tight

   Rain"-tight`  (?),  a.  So  tight  as to exclude rain as, a rain-tight
   roof.

                                     Rainy

   Rain"y  (?),  a. [AS. regenig.] Abounding with rain; wet; showery; as,
   rainy day or season.

                                     Raip

   Raip  (?), n. [Cf. Icel. reip rope. Cf. Rope.] A rope; also, a measure
   equal to a rod. [Scot.]

                                     Rais

   Rais (?), n. Same as 2d Reis.

                                   Raisable

   Rais"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being raised.

                                     Raise

   Raise  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Raised (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Raising.]
   [OE.  reisen, Icel. reisa, causative of r\'c6sa to rise. See Rise, and
   cf. Rear to raise.]

   1.  To cause to rise; to bring from a lower to a higher place; to lift
   upward;  to  elevate; to heave; as, to raise a stone or weight. Hence,
   figuratively:  --  (a) To bring to a higher condition or situation; to
   elevate  in  rank,  dignity,  and  the  like; to increase the value or
   estimation  of;  to  promote; to exalt; to advance; to enhance; as, to
   raise  from  a low estate; to raise to office; to raise the price, and
   the like.

     This gentleman came to be raised to great titles. Clarendon.

     The plate pieces of eight were raised three pence in the piece. Sir
     W. Temple.

   (b)  To  increase  the strength, vigor, or vehemence of; to excite; to
   intensify;  to  invigorate;  to  heighten;  as, to raise the pulse; to
   raise  the  voice;  to  raise the spirits or the courage; to raise the
   heat  of  a furnace. (c) To elevate in degree according to some scale;
   as,  to  raise  the  pitch of the voice; to raise the temperature of a
   room.

   2. To cause to rise up, or assume an erect position or posture; to set
   up;  to  make upright; as, to raise a mast or flagstaff. Hence: -- (a)
   To  cause to spring up from recumbent position, from a state of quiet,
   or the like; to awaken; to arouse.

     They  shall  not  awake, nor be raised out of their sleep. Job xiv.
     12.

   (b)  To rouse to action; to stir up; to incite to tumult, struggle, or
   war; to excite.

     He commandeth, and raiseth the stormy wind. Ps. cvii. 25.

     \'92neas  .  .  .  employs his pains, In parts remote, to raise the
     Tuscan swains. Dryden.

   (c) To bring up from the lower world; to call up, as a spirit from the
   world of spirits; to recall from death; to give life to.

     Why  should  it  be  thought  a thing incredible with you, that God
     should raise the dead ? Acts xxvi. 8.

   3.  To  cause  to  arise, grow up, or come into being or to appear; to
   give  to;  to  originate,  produce, cause, effect, or the like. Hence,
   specifically:  --  (a)  To  form  by  the accumulation of materials or
   constituent  parts;  to  build  up;  to  erect;  as,  to raise a lofty
   structure, a wall, a heap of stones.

     I will raise forts against thee. Isa. xxxix. 3.

   (b)  To bring together; to collect; to levy; to get together or obtain
   for  use  or  service;  as,  to raise money, troops, and the like. "To
   raise  up  a  rent."  Chaucer.  (c) To cause to grow; to procure to be
   produced,  bred,  or  propagated;  to grow; as, to raise corn, barley,
   hops,  etc.; toraise cattle. "He raised sheep." "He raised wheat where
   none grew before." Johnson's Dict.
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   Page 1186

     NOTE: &hand; In  so me pa rts of  the United States, notably in the
     Southern  States,  raise in also commonly applied to the rearing or
     bringing up of children.

     I  was  raised, as they say in Virginia, among the mountains of the
     North. Paulding.

   (d) To bring into being; to produce; to cause to arise, come forth, or
   appear; -- often with up.

     I will raise them up a prophet from among their brethren, like unto
     thee. Deut. xviii. 18.

     God  vouchsafes to raise another world From him [Noah], and all his
     anger to forget. Milton.

   (e)  To  give  rise  to;  to  set  agoing;  to  occasion; to start; to
   originate; as, to raise a smile or a blush.

     Thou shalt not raise a false report. Ex. xxiii. 1.

   (f) To give vent or utterance to; to utter; to strike up.

     Soon as the prince appears, they raise a cry. Dryden.

   (g)  To  bring  to notice; to submit for consideration; as, to raise a
   point of order; to raise an objection.

   4.  To  cause  to  rise, as by the effect of leaven; to make light and
   spongy, as bread.

     Miss Liddy can dance a jig, and raise paste. Spectator.

   5.  (Naut.) (a) To cause (the land or any other object) to seem higher
   by drawing nearer to it; as, to raise Sandy Hook light. (b) To let go;
   as  in  the  command,  Raise tacks and sheets, i. e., Let go tacks and
   sheets.

   6.  (Law)  To  create  or  constitute;  as, to raise a use that is, to
   create it. Burrill.
   To  raise  a blockade (Mil.), to remove or break up a blockade, either
   by  withdrawing  the  ships  or forces employed in enforcing it, or by
   driving  them away or dispersing them. -- To raise a check, note, bill
   of  exchange,  etc.,  to  increase  fraudulently  its nominal value by
   changing the writing, figures, or printing in which the sum payable is
   specified.<-- or money order --> -- To raise a siege, to relinquish an
   attempt to take a place by besieging it, or to cause the attempt to be
   relinquished.  --  To  raise  steam,  to  produce  steam of a required
   pressure.  --  To  raise  the  wind,  to  procure  ready money by some
   temporary  expedient.  [Colloq.]  --  To  raise  Cain, OR To raise the
   devil,  to  cause  a great disturbance; to make great trouble. [Slang]
   Syn.  --  To  lift;  exalt; elevate; erect; originate; cause; produce;
   grow; heighten; aggravate; excite.

                                    Raised

   Raised (?), a.

   1.  Lifted  up; showing above the surroundings; as, raised or embossed
   metal work.

   2. Leavened; made with leaven, or yeast; -- used of bread, cake, etc.,
   as  distinguished  from that made with cream of tartar, soda, etc. See
   Raise, v. t., 4.
   Raised beach. See under Beach, n.

                                    Raiser

   Rais"er  (?),  n. One who, or that which, raises (in various senses of
   the verb).

                                    Raisin

   Rai"sin (?), n. [F. raisin grape, raisin, L. racemus cluster of grapes
   or berries; cf. Gr. Raceme.]

   1. A grape, or a bunch of grapes. [Obs.] Cotgrave.

   2. A grape dried in the sun or by artificial heat.
   Raisin  tree (Bot.), the common red currant, whose fruit resembles the
   small raisins of Corinth called currants. [Eng.] Dp. Prior.
   
                                    Raising
                                       
   Rais"ing (?), n. 

   1.  The act of lifting, setting up, elevating, exalting, producing, or
   restoring to life.

   2.  Specifically,  the  operation or work of setting up the frame of a
   building; as, to help at a raising. [U.S.]<-- e.g., barn raising -->

   3.  The  operation  of  embossing  sheet  metal, or of forming it into
   cup-shaped or hollow articles, by hammering, stamping, or spinning.
   Raising  bee,  a bee for raising the frame of a building. See Bee, n.,
   2.  [U.S.] W. Irving. -- Raising hammer, a hammer with a rounded face,
   used  in  raising sheet metal. -- Raising plate (Carp.), the plate, or
   longitudinal timber, on which a roof is raised and rests.

                                  Raisonn\'82

   Rai`son`n\'82" (?), a. [F. raisonn\'82. p. p. of raisonner to reason.]
   Arranged  systematically,  or  according to classes or subjects; as, a
   catalogue raisonn\'82. See under Catalogue.

                                    Raivel

   Rai"vel (?), n. (Weaving) A separator. [Scot.]

                                      Raj

   Raj (?), n. [See Rajah.] Reign; rule. [India]

                                     Raja

   Ra"ja (?), n. Same as Rajah.

                                     Rajah

   Ra"jah  (?),  n.  [Hind.  r\'bej\'be,  Skr.  r\'bejan, akin to L. rex,
   regis.  See  Regal, a.] A native prince or king; also, a landholder or
   person of importance in the agricultural districts. [India]

                                   Rajahship

   Ra"jah*ship, n. The office or dignity of a rajah.

                                Rajpoot, Rajput

   Raj`poot", Raj`put" (?), n. [Hind. r\'bej-p&umac;t, Skr. r\'beja-putra
   king's  son.]  A Hindoo of the second, or royal and military, caste; a
   Kshatriya;  especially, an inhabitant of the country of Rajpootana, in
   northern central India.

                                     Rake

   Rake  (?),  n.  [AS.  race;  akin to OD. rake, D. reek, OHG, rehho, G.
   rechen,  Icel,  reka a shovel, and to Goth. rikan to heap up, collect,
   and perhaps to Gr. rack to stretch. Cf. Reckon.]

   1.  An  implement  consisting  of a headpiece having teeth, and a long
   handle  at  right  angles  to it, -- used for collecting hay, or other
   light  things  which  are spread over a large surface, or for breaking
   and smoothing the earth.

   2.  A  toothed machine drawn by a horse, -- used for collecting hay or
   grain; a horserake.

   3.  [Perhaps  a  different  word.]  (Mining) A fissure or mineral vein
   traversing  the  strata  vertically,  or  nearly  so;  --  called also
   rake-vein.
   Gill rakes. (Anat.) See under 1st Gill.

                                     Rake

   Rake, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Raked; p. pr. & vb. n. Raking.] [AS. racian.
   See 1st Rake.]

   1.  To  collect with a rake; as, to rake hay; -- often with up; as, he
   raked up the fallen leaves.

   2.  Hence:  To  collect  or  draw together with laborious industry; to
   gather  from  a  wide  space; to scrape together; as, to rake together
   wealth; to rake together slanderous tales; to rake together the rabble
   of a town.

   3.  To  pass  a  rake  over;  to scrape or scratch with a rake for the
   purpose  of  collecting and clearing off something, or for stirring up
   the soil; as, to rake a lawn; to rake a flower bed.

   4. To search through; to scour; to ransack.

     The statesman rakes the town to find a plot. Swift.

   5. To scrape or scratch across; to pass over quickly and lightly, as a
   rake does.

     Like clouds that rake the mountain summits. Wordsworth.

   6.  (Mil.)  To enfilade; to fire in a direction with the length of; in
   naval  engagements,  to  cannonade, as a ship, on the stern or head so
   that the balls range the whole length of the deck.
   To  rake  up.  (a)  To collect together, as the fire (live coals), and
   cover  with  ashes.  (b) To bring up; to search out an bring to notice
   again; as, to rake up old scandals.
   
                                     Rake
                                       
   Rake (?), v. i. 

   1.  To  use  a rake, as for searching or for collecting; to scrape; to
   search minutely.

     One is for raking in Chaucer for antiquated words. Dryden.

   2. To pass with violence or rapidity; to scrape along.

     Pas could not stay, but over him did rake. Sir P. Sidney.

                                     Rake

   Rake,  n.  [Cf. dial. Sw. raka to reach, and E. reach.] To inclination
   of  anything from a perpendicular direction; as, the rake of a roof, a
   staircase,  etc.;  especially  (Naut.,  the  inclination  of a mast or
   tunnel,  or,  in general, of any part of a vessel not perpendicular to
   the keel.

                                     Rake

   Rake,  v.  i.  To  incline  from a perpendicular direction; as, a mast
   rakes  aft.  Raking  course  (Bricklaying),  a  course  of bricks laid
   diagonally between the face courses in a thick wall, to strengthen.

                                     Rake

   Rake,  n.  [OE.  rakel  rash;  cf. Icel. reikall wandering, unsettled,
   reika  to wander.] A loose, disorderly, vicious man; a person addicted
   to lewdness and other scandalous vices; a debauchee; a rou\'82.

     Am illiterate and frivolous old rake. Macaulay.

                                     Rake

   Rake, v. i.

   1.  [Icel.  reika.  Cf.  Rake  a  debauchee.] To walk about; to gad or
   ramble idly. [Prov. Eng.]

   2.  [See  Rake  a  debauchee.]  To  act the rake; to lead a dissolute,
   debauched life. Shenstone.
   To  rake out (Falconry), to fly too far and wide from its master while
   hovering  above  waiting till the game is sprung; -- said of the hawk.
   Encyc. Brit.

                                   Rakehell

   Rake"hell` (?), n. [See Rakel.] A lewd, dissolute fellow; a debauchee;
   a rake.

     It  seldom  doth  happen, in any way of life, that a sluggard and a
     rakehell do not go together. Barrow.

                              Rakehell, Rakehelly

   Rake"hell`,  Rake"hell`y,  a.  Dissolute;  wild;  lewd; rakish. [Obs.]
   Spenser. B. Jonson.

                                     Rakel

   Ra"kel  (?),  a.  [OE.  See  Rake a debauchee.] Hasty; reckless; rash.
   [Obs.] Chaucer. -- Ra"kel*ness, n. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                     Raker

   Rak"er (?), n. [See 1st Rake.]

   1.  One  who,  or that which, rakes; as: (a) A person who uses a rake.
   (b)  A  machine for raking grain or hay by horse or other power. (c) A
   gun so placed as to rake an enemy's ship.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) See Gill rakers, under 1st Gill.

                                    Rakery

   Rak"er*y (?), n. Debauchery; lewdness.

     The rakery and intrigues of the lewd town. R. North.

                                   Rakeshame

   Rake"shame`  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Rakehell,  Ragabash.]  A  vile, dissolute
   wretch. [Obs.] Milton.

                                   Rakestale

   Rake"stale` (?), n. [Rake the instrument + stale a handle.] The handle
   of a rake.

     That tale is not worth a rakestele. Chaucer.

                                   Rake-vein

   Rake"-vein` (?), n. See Rake, a mineral vein.

                                    Raking

   Rak"ing (?), n.

   1.  The  act or process of using a rake; the going over a space with a
   rake.

   2. A space gone over with a rake; also, the work done, or the quantity
   of  hay,  grain,  etc.,  collected,  by going once over a space with a
   rake.

                                    Rakish

   Rak"ish, a. Dissolute; lewd; debauched.

     The arduous task of converting a rakish lover. Macaulay.

                                    Rakish

   Rak"ish,  a. (Naut.) Having a saucy appearance indicative of speed and
   dash. Ham. Nav. Encyc.

                                   Rakishly

   Rak"ish*ly, adv. In a rakish manner.

                                  Rakishness

   Rak"ish*ness, n. The quality or state of being rakish.

                                   Raku ware

   Ra"ku  ware`  (?).  A  kind  of  earthenware made in Japan, resembling
   Satsuma ware, but having a paler color.

                                    R\'83le

   R\'83le   (?),   n.  [F.  r\'83le.  Cf.  Rail  the  bird.]  (Med.)  An
   adventitious  sound, usually of morbid origin, accompanying the normal
   respiratory sounds. See Rhonchus.

     NOTE: &hand; Va rious ki nds ar e di stinguished by  pa thologists;
     differing  in  intensity,  as loud and small; in quality, as moist,
     dry, clicking, and sonorous; and in origin, as tracheal, pulmonary,
     and pleural.

                                  Rallentando

   Ral"len*tan"do  (?),  a.  [It.]  (Mus.)  Slackening; -- a direction to
   perform  a  passage  with  a  gradual  decrease  in  time  and  force;
   ritardando.

                                   Ralliance

   Ral"li*ance  (?), n. [Cf. OF. raliance. See Rally to reunite.] The act
   of rallying.

                                   Raillier

   Rail"li*er (?), n. One who rallies.

                                    Ralline

   Ral"line (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Pertaining to the rails.

                                     Rally

   Ral"ly  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Rallied  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Rallying.]  [OF. ralier, F. rallier, fr. L. pref. re- + ad + ligare to
   bind.  See  Ra-,  and  1st  Ally.] To collect, and reduce to order, as
   troops  dispersed  or  thrown  into  confusion;  to  gather  again; to
   reunite.

                                     Rally

   Ral"ly, v. i.

   1. To come into orderly arrangement; to renew order, or united effort,
   as troops scattered or put to flight; to assemble; to unite.

     The Grecians rally, and their powers unite. Dryden.

     Innumerable  parts  of  matter chanced just then to rally together,
     and to form themselves into this new world. Tillotson.

   2.  To  collect  one's  vital  powers  or  forces; to regain health or
   consciousness; to recuperate.

   3.  To  recover  strength  after  a  decline in prices; -- said of the
   market, stocks, etc.

                                     Rally

   Ral"ly, n.; pl. Rallies (.

   1. The act or process of rallying (in any of the senses of that word).

   2. A political mass meeting. [Colloq. U. S.]

                                     Rally

   Ral"ly,  v.  t.  [F.  railler.  See  Rail  to  scoff.]  To attack with
   raillery, either in good humor and pleasantry, or with slight contempt
   or satire.

     Honeycomb . . . raillies me upon a country life. Addison.

     Strephon  had  long  confessed  his amorous pain. Which gay Corinna
     rallied with disdain. Gay.

   Syn. -- To banter; ridicule; satirize; deride; mock.

                                     Rally

   Ral"ly (?), v. i. To use pleasantry, or satirical merriment.

                                     Rally

   Ral"ly, n. Good-humored raillery.

                                     Ralph

   Ralph (?), n. A name sometimes given to the raven.

                                  Ralstonite

   Ral"ston*ite  (?),  n.  [So  named  after J. G. Ralston of Norristown,
   Penn.]  (Min.)  A  fluoride  of  alumina  and  soda occurring with the
   Greenland cryolite in octahedral crystals.

                                      Ram

   Ram  (?), n. [AS. ramm, ram; akin to OHG. & D. ram, Prov. G. ramm, and
   perh. to Icel. ramr strong.]

   1.  The male of the sheep and allied animals. In some parts of England
   a ram is called a tup.

   2.  (Astron.)  (a)  Aries, the sign of the zodiac which the sun enters
   about  the  21st of March. (b) The constellation Aries, which does not
   now, as formerly, occupy the sign of the same name.

   3.  An  engine of war used for butting or battering. Specifically: (a)
   In  ancient  warfare,  a long beam suspended by slings in a framework,
   and  used  for  battering  the walls of cities; a battering-ram. (b) A
   heavy  steel  or  iron beak attached to the prow of a steam war vessel
   for  piercing  or  cutting down the vessel of an enemy; also, a vessel
   carrying such a beak.

   4. A hydraulic ram. See under Hydraulic.

   5.  The weight which strikes the blow, in a pile driver, steam hammer,
   stamp mill, or the like.

   6. The plunger of a hydraulic press.
   Ram's  horn.  (a)  (Fort.)  A  low  semicircular  work situated in and
   commanding  a ditch. [Written also ramshorn.] Farrow. (b) (Paleon.) An
   ammonite.

                                      Ram

   Ram, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Rammed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Ramming.]

   1.  To  butt  or strike against; to drive a ram against or through; to
   thrust  or  drive  with  violence;  to force in; to drive together; to
   cram; as, to ram an enemy's vessel; to ram piles, cartridges, etc.

     [They]  rammed  me  in  with  foul  shirts, and smocks, socks, foul
     stockings, greasy napkins. Shak.

   2. To fill or compact by pounding or driving.

     A  ditch  . . . was filled with some sound materials, and rammed to
     make the foundation solid. Arbuthnot.

                                    Ramadan

   Ram`a*dan"  (?),  n. [Ar. ramad\'ben, or ramaz\'ben, properly, the hot
   month.] [Written also Ramadhan, Ramadzan, and Rhamadan.]

   1. The ninth Mohammedan month.

   2.  The  great  annual  fast  of the Mohammedans, kept during daylight
   through the ninth month.

                                    Ramage

   Ram"age (?; 48), n. [F., fr. L. ramus a branch.]

   1. Boughs or branches. [Obs.] Crabb.

   2. Warbling of birds in trees. [Obs.] Drummond.

                                    Ramage

   Ra*mage" (?), a. Wild; untamed. [Obs.]

                                   Ramagious

   Ra*ma"gi*ous (?), a. Wild; not tame. [Obs.]

     Now is he tame that was so ramagious. Remedy of Love.

                                     Ramal

   Ra"mal  (?),  a.  [L.  ramus  branch.] Of or pertaining to a ramus, or
   branch; rameal.

                                   Ramayana

   Ra*ma"ya*na (?), n. [Skr. R\'bem\'beyana.] The more ancient of the two
   great  epic  poems  in Sanskrit. The hero and heroine are Rama and his
   wife Sita.

                                   Ramberge

   Ram"berge  (?),  n. [F., fr. rame oar + barge barge.] Formerly, a kind
   of large war galley.

                                    Ramble

   Ram"ble (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Rambled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Rambling
   (?).] [For rammle, fr. Prov. E. rame to roam. Cf. Roam.]

   1.  To  walk,  ride,  or  sail,  from  place  to  place,  without  any
   determinate  object  in  view;  to  roam carelessly or irregularly; to
   rove;  to  wander;  as,  to  ramble about the city; to ramble over the
   world.

     He  that  is  at liberty to ramble in perfect darkness, what is his
     liberty  better than if driven up and down as a bubble by the wind?
     Locke.

   2. To talk or write in a discursive, aimless way.

   3.  To  extend  or  grow  at  random.  Thomson. Syn. -- To rove; roam;
   wander; range; stroll.

                                    Ramble

   Ram"ble, n.

   1.  A  going  or  moving  from  place to place without any determinate
   business or object; an excursion or stroll merely for recreation.

     Coming home, after a short Christians ramble. Swift.

   2.  [Cf. Rammel.] (Coal Mining) A bed of shale over the seam. Raymond.
   <--  3.  A  section  of  woods suitable for liesurely walking. muskrat
   ramble -- a dance -->

                                    Rambler

   Ram"bler (?), n. One who rambles; a rover; a wanderer.

                                   Rambling

   Ram"bling  (?),  a.  Roving;  wandering;  discursive;  as,  a rambling
   fellow, talk, or building.

                                  Ramblingly

   Ram"bling*ly, adv. In a rambling manner.

                                   Rambooze

   Ram"booze  (?), n. A beverage made of wine, ale (or milk), sugar, etc.
   [Obs.] Blount.

                                   Rambutan

   Ram*bu"tan (?), n. [Malay ramb&umac;tan, fr. rambut hair of the head.]
   (Bot.)  A  Malayan fruit produced by the tree Nephelium lappaceum, and
   closely  related  to  the litchi nut. It is bright red, oval in shape,
   covered  with  coarse hairs (whence the name), and contains a pleasant
   acid pulp. Called also ramboostan.

                                    Rameal

   Ra"me*al (?), a. Same as Ramal. Gray.

                                    Ramean

   Ra"me*an (?), n. A Ramist. Shipley.

                                     Ramed

   Ramed (?), a. Having the frames, stem, and sternpost adjusted; -- said
   of a ship on the stocks.

                                     Ramee

   Ram"ee (?), n. (Bot.) See Ramie.

                                    Ramekin

   Ram"e*kin (?), n. See Ramequin. [Obs.]

                                    Rament

   Ram"ent (?), n. [L. ramenta, pl.]

   1. A scraping; a shaving. [Obs.]

                                    Ramenta

   Ra*men"ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [L., scrapings.] (Bot.) Thin brownish chaffy
   scales upon the leaves or young shoots of some plants, especially upon
   the petioles and leaves of ferns. Gray.
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   Page 1187

                                 Ramentaceous

   Ram`en*ta"ceous (?), a (Bot.) Covered with ramenta.

                                    Rameous

   Ra"me*ous (?), a [L. rameus, from ramus branch, bough.] (Bot.) Ramal.

                                   Ramequin

   Ram"e*quin  (?),  n.  [F.]  (Cookery) A mixture of cheese, eggs, etc.,
   formed in a mold, or served on bread. [Written also ramekin.]

                                     Ramie

   Ram"ie  (?), n. [From Malay.] (Bot.) The grasscloth plant (B&oe;hmeria
   nivea); also, its fiber, which is very fine and exceedingly strong; --
   called also China grass, and rhea. See Grass-cloth plant, under Grass.

                                 Ramification

   Ram`i*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. ramification. See Ramify.]

   1.  The  process  of branching, or the development or offshoots from a
   stem; also, the mode of their arrangement.

   2. A small branch or offshoot proceeding from a main stock or channel;
   as, the ramifications of an artery, vein, or nerve.

   3.  A  division  into  principal  and  subordinate  classes, heads, or
   departments; also, one of the subordinate parts; as, the ramifications
   a subject or scheme.

   4. The production of branchlike figures. Crabb.

                                  Ramiflorous

   Ram`i*flo"rous  (?),  a.  [L.  ramus  branch  + flos, floris, flower.]
   (Bot.) Flowering on the branches.

                                   Ramiform

   Ram"i*form,  a. [L. ramus branch + -form.] (Bot.) Having the form of a
   branch.

                                    Ramify

   Ram"i*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Ramified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ramifying  (?).] [F. ramifier, LL. ramificare, fr. L. ramus a branch +
   -ficare  (in  comp.)  to  make.  See  -fy.] To divide into branches or
   subdivisions; as, to ramify an art, subject, scheme.

                                    Ramify

   Ram"i*fy, v. i.

   1.  To shoot, or divide, into branches or subdivisions, as the stem of
   a plant.

     When they [asparagus plants] . . . begin to ramify. Arbuthnot.

   2. To be divided or subdivided, as a main subject.

                                  Ramigerous

   Ra*mig"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L. ramus a branch + -gerous.] (Bot.) Bearing
   branches; branched.

                                  Ramiparous

   Ra*mip"a*rous  (?),  a.  [L. ramus + parere to bear.] (Bot.) Producing
   branches; ramigerous.

                                    Ramist

   Ra"mist (?), n. A follower of Pierre Ram\'82, better known as Ramus, a
   celebrated   French   scholar,  who  was  professor  of  rhetoric  and
   philosophy  at  Paris  in  the  reign  of  Henry  II., and opposed the
   Aristotelians.

                                    Ramline

   Ram"line  (?),  n.  A line used to get a straight middle line, as on a
   spar, or from stem to stern in building a vessel.

                                    Rammel

   Ram"mel (?), n. Refuse matter. [Obs.]

     Filled with any rubbish, rammel and broken stones. Holland.

                                    Rammer

   Ram"mer  (?), n. One who, or that which, rams or drives. Specifically:
   (a) An instrument for driving anything force; as, a rammer for driving
   stones  or piles, or for beating the earth to more solidity. (b) A rod
   for  forcing  down  the  charge  of a gun; a ramrod. (c) (Founding) An
   implement for pounding the sand of a mold to render it compact.

                                    Rammish

   Ram"mish  (?), a. Like a ram; hence, rank; lascivious. "Their savor is
   so rammish." Chaucer.

                                  Rammishness

   Ram"mish*ness, n. The quality of being rammish.

                                     Rammy

   Ram"my (?), a. Like a ram; rammish. Burton.

                                 Ramollescence

   Ram`ol*les"cence  (?),  n. [F. ramollir to make soft, to soften; pref.
   re- re- + amollir to soften; a (L. ad) + mollir to soften, L. mollire,
   fr. mollis soft.] A softening or mollifying. [R.]

                                    Ramoon

   Ra*moon"  (?),  n. (Bot.) A small West Indian tree (Trophis Americana)
   of  the Mulberry family, whose leaves and twigs are used as fodder for
   cattle.

                                    Ramose

   Ra*mose"  (?),  a. [L. ramosus, from ramus a branch.] Branched, as the
   stem  or  root of a plant; having lateral divisions; consisting of, or
   having, branches; full of branches; ramifying; branching; branchy.

                                    Ramous

   Ra"mous (?), a. Ramose.

                                     Ramp

   Ramp  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Ramped (?; 215); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ramping.] [F. ramper to creep, OF., to climb; of German origin; cf. G.
   raffen to snatch, LG. & D. rapen. See Rap to snatch, and cf. Romp.]

   1.  To  spring;  to  leap;  to  bound;  to  rear; to prance; to become
   rampant; hence, to frolic; to romp.

   2.  To  move  by  leaps,  or  by leaps; hence, to move swiftly or with
   violence.

     Their bridles they would champ,

     And trampling the fine element would fiercely ramp. Spenser.

     3. To climb, as a plant; to creep up.

     With  claspers and tendrils, they [plants] catch hold, . . . and so
     ramping upon trees, they mount up to a great height. Ray.

                                     Ramp

     Ramp, n.

     1. A leap; a spring; a hostile advance.

     The bold Ascalonite Fled from his lion ramp. Milton.

     2. A highwayman; a robber. [Prov. Eng.]

     3. A romping woman; a prostitute. [Obs.] Lyly.

     4.  [F. rampe.] (Arch.) (a) Any sloping member, other than a purely
     constructional  one,  such  as a continuous parapet to a staircase.
     (b) A short bend, slope, or curve, where a hand rail or cap changes
     its direction.

     5. [F. rampe.] (Fort.) An inclined plane serving as a communication
     between different interior levels.

                                  Rampacious

     Ram*pa"cious (?), a. High-spirited; rampageous. [Slang] Dickens.

                                    Rampage

     Ramp"age  (?),  n.  [See  Ramp,  v.] Violent or riotous behavior; a
     state  of  excitement,  passion,  or  debauchery;  as, to be on the
     rampage. [Prov. or Low.] Dickens.

                                    Rampage

     Ramp"age,  v.  i.  To  leap  or  prance  about, as an animal; to be
     violent; to rage. [Prov. or Low]

                                  Rampageous

     Ram*pa"geous (?), a. Characterized by violence and passion; unruly;
     rampant. [Prov. or Low]

     In the primitive ages of a rampageous antiquity. Galt.

                                  Rampallian

     Ram*pal"lian  (?),  n.  [Cf.  ramp a prostitute, or rabble.] A mean
     wretch. [Obs.] Shak.

                                   Rampancy

     Ramp"an*cy (?), n. The quality or state of being rampant; excessive
     action  or development; exuberance; extravagance. "They are come to
     this height and rampancy of vice." South.

                                    Rampant

     Ramp"ant (?), a. [F., p. pr. of ramper to creep. See Ramp, v.]

     1.  Ramping; leaping; springing; rearing upon the hind legs; hence,
     raging; furious.

     The  fierce  lion  in  his kind Which goeth rampant after his prey.
     Gower.

     [The] lion . . . rampant shakes his brinded mane. Milton.

     2. Ascending; climbing; rank in growth; exuberant.

     The rampant stalk is of unusual altitude. I. Taylor.

     3. (Her.) Rising with fore paws in the air as if attacking; -- said
     of a beast of prey, especially a lion. The right fore leg and right
     hind leg should be raised higher than the left.

   Rampant  arch.  (a)  An  arch  which  has one abutment higher than the
   other.  (b)  Same  as Rampant vault, below. -- Rampant gardant (Her.),
   rampant,  but with the face turned to the front. -- Rampant regardant,
   rampant,  but looking backward. -- Rampant vault (Arch.), a continuous
   wagon  vault,  or  cradle vault, whose two abutments are located on an
   inclined  planed  plane,  such  as the vault supporting a stairway, or
   forming the ceiling of a stairway.

                                   Rampantly

   Ramp"ant*ly, adv. In a rampant manner.

                                    Rampart

   Ram"part  (?), n. [F. rempart, OF. rempar, fr. remparer to fortify, se
   remparer  to  fence  or intrench one's self; re- re- pref. + pref. en-
   (L.  in)  + parer to defend, parry, prepare, L. parare to prepape. See
   Pare.]

   1.  That  which fortifies and defends from assault; that which secures
   safety; a defense or bulwark.

   2.  (Fort.)  A broad embankment of earth round a place, upon which the
   parapet  is  raised.  It  forms  the  substratum  of  every  permanent
   fortification.  Mahan.  Syn.  --  Bulwark;  fence; security; guard. --
   Rampart,  Bulwark.  These  words  were  formerly  interchanged; but in
   modern  usage a distinction has sprung up between them. The rampart of
   a  fortified  place  is  the enceinte or main embankment or wall which
   surrounds  it.  The  term  bulwark is now applied to peculiarly strong
   outworks which project for the defense of the rampart, or main work. A
   single  bastion  is  a  bulwark.  In  using  these words figuratively,
   rampart  is  properly  applied  to that which protects by walling out;
   bulwark  to  that which stands in the forefront of danger, to meet and
   repel  it.  Hence,  we  speak  of  a  distinguished  individual as the
   bulwark,  not the rampart, of the state. This distinction, however, is
   often disregarded.

                                    Rampart

   Ram"part,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ramparted; p. pr. & vb. n. Ramparting.]
   To surround or protect with, or as with, a rampart or ramparts.

     Those  grassy hills, those glittering dells, Proudly ramparted with
     rocks. Coleridge.

   Rampart  gun  (Fort.),  a cannon or large gun for use on a rampart and
   not as a fieldpiece.

                                     Rampe

   Rampe  (?), n. [In allusion to its supposed aphrodisiac qualities. See
   Ramp.] (Bot.) The cuckoopint.

                                    Rampier

   Ram"pier (?), n. See Rampart. [Obs.]

                                    Rampion

   Ram"pi*on  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  raiponce,  Sp.  ruiponce,  reponche, L.
   raperonzo, NL. rapuntium, fr. L. rapum, rapa, a turnip, rape. Cf. Rape
   a  plant.]  (Bot.)  A  plant  (Campanula Rapunculus) of the Bellflower
   family, with a tuberous esculent root; -- also called ramps.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e na me is  so metimes given to plants of the genus
     Phyteuma,  herds  of  the  Bellflower  family,  and to the American
     evening  primrose  (Enothera  biennis),  which has run wild in some
     parts of Europe.

                                    Rampire

   Ram"pire (?), n. A rampart. [Archaic]

     The Trojans round the place a rampire cast. Dryden.

                                    Rampire

   Ram"pire,  v.  t.  To  fortify with a rampire; to form into a rampire.
   [Archaic] Chapman. "Rampired walls of gold." R. Browning.

                                    Rampler

   Ram"pler (?), n. A rambler.

                                    Rampler

   Ram"pler, a. Roving; rambling. [Scot.]

                                    Ramrod

   Ram"rod`  (?),  n.  The  rod  used  in  ramming  home  the charge in a
   muzzle-loading firearm.

                                  Ramshackle

   Ram"shac*kle  (?),  a. [Etymol. uncertain.] Loose; disjointed; falling
   to pieces; out of repair.

     There  came  .  .  . my lord the cardinal, in his ramshackle coach.
     Thackeray.

                                  Ramshackle

   Ram"shac*kle, v. t. To search or ransack; to rummage. [Prov. Eng.]

                                    Ramson

   Ram"son  (?),  n.  [AS.  hramsan,  pl.,  akin  to  G.  rams, Sw. rams,
   ramsl\'94k;  cf.  Gr.  (Bot.) A broad-leaved species of garlic (Allium
   ursinum), common in European gardens; -- called also buckram.

                                    Ramsted

   Ram"sted (?), n. (Bot.) A yellow-flowered weed; -- so named from a Mr.
   Ramsted  who  introduced  it  into Pennsylvania. See Toad flax. Called
   also Ramsted weed.

                                   Ramulose

   Ram"u*lose`  (?),  a.  [L.  ramulosus,  fr.  ramulus,  dim. of ramus a
   branch.] (Nat. Hist.) Having many small branches, or ramuli.

                                   Ramulous

   Ram"u*lous (?), a. (Nat. Hist.) Ramulose.

                                    Ramulus

   Ram"u*lus  (?),  n.;  pl.  Ramuli  (.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small branch, or
   branchlet, of corals, hydroids, and similar organisms.

                                     Ramus

   Ra"mus  (?),  n.; pl. Rami (. (Nat. Hist.) A branch; a projecting part
   or prominent process; a ramification.

                                   Ramuscule

   Ra*mus"cule  (?),  n.  [L. ramusculus.] (Nat. Hist.) A small ramus, or
   branch.

                                      Ran

   Ran (?), imp. of Run.

                                      Ran

   Ran, n. [As. r\'ben.] Open robbery. [Obs.] Lambarde.

                                      Ran

   Ran, n. (Naut.) Yarns coiled on a spun-yarn winch.

                                     Rana

   Ra"na (?), n. [L., a frog.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of anurous batrachians,
   including the common frogs.

                                     Ranal

   Ra"nal  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Having  a general affinity to ranunculaceous
   plants.  Ranal alliance (Bot.), a name proposed by Lindley for a group
   of   natural   orders,   including   Ranunculace\'91,  Magnoliace\'91,
   Papaverace\'91, and others related to them.

                                     Rance

   Rance (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.]

   1. A prop or shore. [Scot.]

   2. A round between the legs of a chair.<-- = spreader -->

                                  Rancescent

   Ran*ces"cent  (?),  a. [L. rancescens, p. pr. of rancescere, v. incho.
   from rancere to be rancid.] Becoming rancid or sour.

                                     Ranch

   Ranch  (?),  v.  t. [Written also raunch.] [Cf. Wrench.] To wrench; to
   tear;  to  sprain;  to injure by violent straining or contortion. [R.]
   Dryden. "Hasting to raunch the arrow out." Spenser.

                                     Ranch

   Ranch,  n.  [See Rancho.] A tract of land used for grazing and rearing
   of horses, cattle, or sheep. See Rancho, 2. [Western U. S.]

                                   Ranchero

   Ran*che"ro (?), n.; pl. Rancheros (#). [Sp.] [Mexico & Western U. S.]

   1. A herdsman; a peasant employed on a ranch or rancho.

   2. The owner and occupant of a ranch or rancho.

                                   Ranchman

   Ranch"man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Ranchmen  (#)  An  owner or occupant of, or
   laborer on, a ranch; a herdsman. [Western U. S.]

                                    Rancho

   Ran"cho  (?),  n.; pl. Ranchos (#). [Sp., properly, a mess, mess room.
   Cf. 2d Ranch.]

   1.  A  rude  hut,  as of posts, covered with branches or thatch, where
   herdsmen or farm laborers may live or lodge at night.

   2.  A  large  grazing  farm  where  horses  and  cattle are raised; --
   distinguished  from hacienda, a cultivated farm or plantation. [Mexico
   & California] Bartlett.

                                    Rancid

   Ran"cid  (?),  a.  [L.  rancidus,  fr.  rancere to be rancid or rank.]
   Having  a  rank smell or taste, from chemical change or decomposition;
   musty; as, rancid oil or butter.

                                   Rancidity

   Ran*cid"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. rancidit\'82.] The quality or state of
   being rancid; a rancid scent or flavor, as of old oil. Ure.

                                   Rancidly

   Ran"cid*ly (?), adv. In a rancid manner.

                                  Rancidness

   Ran"cid*ness, n. The quality of being rancid.

                                    Rancor

   Ran"cor  (?),  n.  [Written  also  rancour.] [OE. rancour, OF. rancor,
   rancur,  F. rancune, fr. L. rancor rancidity, rankness; tropically, an
   old  grudge,  rancor,  fr.  rancere to be rank or rancid.] The deepest
   malignity  or  spite; deep-seated enmity or malice; inveterate hatred.
   "To stint rancour and dissencioun." Chaucer.

     It would not be easy to conceive the passion, rancor, and malice of
     their tongues and hearts. Burke.

   Syn.  --  Enmity;  hatred; ill will; malice; spite; grudge; animosity;
   malignity.  -- Rancor, Enmity. Enmity and rancor both describe hostile
   feelings;  but  enmity  may be generous and open, while rancor implies
   personal  malice  of  the  worst  and most enduring nature, and is the
   strongest word in our language to express hostile feelings.

     Rancor will out; proud prelate, in thy face I see thy fury. Shak.

     Rancor  is  that  degree  of malice which preys upon the possessor.
     Cogan.

                                   Rancorous

   Ran"cor*ous  (?),  a.  [OF.  rancuros.]  Full  of rancor; evincing, or
   caused by, rancor; deeply malignant; implacably spiteful or malicious;
   intensely virulent.

     So flamed his eyes with rage and rancorous ire. Spenser.

                                  Rancorously

   Ran"cor*ous*ly, adv. In a rancorous manner.

                                     Rand

   Rand  (?), n. [AS. rand, rond; akin to D., Dan., Sw., & G. rand, Icel.
   r\'94nd, and probably to E. rind.]

   1. A border; edge; margin. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

   2. A long, fleshy piece, as of beef, cut from the flank or leg; a sort
   of steak. Beau. & Fl.

   3.  A  thin  inner  sole  for a shoe; also, a leveling slip of leather
   applied to the sole before attaching the heel.

                                     Rand

   Rand, v. i. [See Rant.] To rant; to storm. [Obs.]

     I wept, . . . and raved, randed, and railed. J. Webster.

                                 Randall grass

   Ran"dall  grass`  (?). (Bot.) The meadow fescue (Festuca elatior). See
   under Grass.

                                    Randan

   Ran"dan  (?),  n.  The product of a second sifting of meal; the finest
   part of the bran. [Prov. Eng.]

                                    Randan

   Ran"dan,  n.  A  boat  propelled  by  three rowers with four oars, the
   middle rower pulling two.

                                    Randing

   Rand"ing (?), n.

   1.  (Shoemaking)  The  act or process of making and applying rands for
   shoes.

   2. (Mil.) A kind of basket work used in gabions.

                                    Random

   Ran"dom  (?),  n. [OE. randon, OF. randon force, violence, rapidity, a
   randon,  de  randon,  violently,  suddenly,  rapidly,  prob. of German
   origin;  cf. G. rand edge, border, OHG. rant shield, edge of a shield,
   akin to E. rand, n. See Rand, n.]

   1. Force; violence. [Obs.]

     For  courageously  the two kings newly fought with great random and
     force. E. Hall.

   2.  A  roving  motion;  course  without  definite  direction;  want of
   direction,  rule,  or  method; hazard; chance; -- commonly used in the
   phrase  at  random,  that is, without a settled point of direction; at
   hazard.

     Counsels,  when  they  fly  At  random, sometimes hit most happily.
     Herrick.

     O, many a shaft, at random sent, Finds mark the archer little meant
     ! Sir W. Scott.

   3.  Distance  to which a missile is cast; range; reach; as, the random
   of a rifle ball. Sir K. Digby.

   4. (Mining) The direction of a rake-vein. Raymond.

                                    Random

   Ran"dom,  a.  Going at random or by chance; done or made at hazard, or
   without  settled direction, aim, or purpose; hazarded without previous
   calculation; left to chance; haphazard; as, a random guess.

     Some random truths he can impart. Wordsworth.

     So  sharp a spur to the lazy, and so strong a bridle to the random.
     H. Spencer.

   Random  courses  (Masonry),  courses  of  unequal thickness. -- Random
   shot,  a shot not directed or aimed toward any particular object, or a
   shot  with  the  muzzle  of  the  gun  much  elevated.  -- Random work
   (Masonry),  stonework  consisting  of  stones  of unequal sizes fitted
   together, but not in courses nor always with flat beds.
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   Page 1188

                                   Randomly

   Ran"dom*ly (?), adv. In a random manner.

                                    Randon

   Ran"don (?), n. Random. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                    Randon

   Ran"don, v. i. To go or stray at random. [Obs.]

                                   Ranedeer

   Rane"deer` (?), n. See Reindeer. [Obs.]

                                     Ranee

   Ra"nee (?), n. Same as Rani.

                                   Ranforce

   Ran"force`  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  renforcer.]  See Re&eum;nforce. [Obs.]
   Bailey.

                                     Rang

   Rang (?), imp. of Ring, v. t. & i.

                                     Range

   Range  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Ranged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Ranging
   (?).]  [OE.  rengen,  OF.  rengier,  F. ranger, OF. renc row, rank, F.
   rang; of German origin. See Rane, n.]

   1.  To  set in a row, or in rows; to place in a regular line or lines,
   or  in  ranks;  to  dispose in the proper order; to rank; as, to range
   soldiers in line.

     Maccabeus ranged his army by hands. 2 Macc. xii. 20.

   2.  To  place (as a single individual) among others in a line, row, or
   order,  as  in  the  ranks  of  an  army;  -- usually, reflexively and
   figuratively, (in the sense) to espouse a cause, to join a party, etc.

     It would be absurd in me to range myself on the side of the Duke of
     Bedford and the corresponding society. Burke.

   3. To separate into parts; to sift. [Obs.] Holland.

   4.  To  dispose  in  a  classified  or in systematic order; to arrange
   regularly; as, to range plants and animals in genera and species.

   5. To rove over or through; as, to range the fields.

     Teach him to range the ditch, and force the brake. Gay.

   6.  To  sail  or pass in a direction parallel to or near; as, to range
   the coast.

     NOTE: &hand; Co mpare the last two senses (5 and 6) with the French
     ranger une c\'93te.

   7. (Biol.) To be native to, or to live in; to frequent.

                                     Range

   Range, v. i.

   1.  To  rove  at  large;  to wander without restraint or direction; to
   roam.

     Like a ranging spaniel that barks at every bird he sees. Burton.

   2.  To have range; to change or differ within limits; to be capable of
   projecting,   or  to  admit  of  being  projected,  especially  as  to
   horizontal  distance;  as,  the  temperature  ranged  through  seventy
   degrees  Fahrenheit;  the gun ranges three miles; the shot ranged four
   miles.

   3.  To  be  placed  in order; to be ranked; to admit of arrangement or
   classification; to rank.

     And range with humble livers in content. Shak.

   4.  To  have a certain direction; to correspond in direction; to be or
   keep  in  a  corresponding line; to trend or run; -- often followed by
   with;  as, the front of a house ranges with the street; to range along
   the coast.

     Which way the forests range. Dryden.

   5.  (Biol.) To be native to, or live in, a certain district or region;
   as,  the  peba  ranges  from Texas to Paraguay. Syn. -- To rove; roam;
   ramble; wander; stroll.

                                     Range

   Range, n. [From Range, v.: cf. F. rang\'82e.]

   1.  A  series  of  things  in  a  line;  a row; a rank; as, a range of
   buildings; a range of mountains.

   2.  An  aggregate  of  individuals  in one rank or degree; an order; a
   class.

     The   next   range   of   beings   above  him  are  the  immaterial
     intelligences. Sir M. Hale.

   3. The step of a ladder; a rung. Clarendon.

   4. A kitchen grate. [Obs.]

     He  was bid at his first coming to take off the range, and let down
     the cinders. L'Estrange.

   5.  Am  extended cooking apparatus of cast iron, set in brickwork, and
   affording conveniences for various ways

   6. A bolting sieve to sift meal. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

   7.  A wandering or roving; a going to and fro; an excursion; a ramble;
   an expedition.

     He may take a range all the world over. South.

   8.  That  which  may  be  ranged  over;  place  or room for excursion;
   especially,  a  region  of country in which cattle or sheep may wander
   and pasture.

   9.  Extent  or space taken in by anything excursive; compass or extent
   of  excursion; reach; scope; discursive; as, the range of one's voice,
   or authority.

     Far as creation's ample range extends. Pope.

     The  range  and  compass  of  Hammond's  knowledge filled the whole
     circle of the arts. Bp. Fell.

     A man has not enough range of thought. Addison.

   10. (Biol.) The region within which a plant or animal naturally lives.

   11.  (Gun.)  (a)  The  horizontal  distance  to  which a shot or other
   projectile is carried. (b) Sometimes, less properly, the trajectory of
   a  shot  or projectile. (c) A place where shooting, as with cannons or
   rifles, is practiced.

   12.  In  the public land system of the United States, a row or line of
   townships lying between two succession meridian lines six miles apart.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e me ridians in cluded in  ea ch gr eat su rvey are
     numbered  in  order  east and west from the "principal meridian" of
     that  survey, and the townships in the range are numbered north and
     south  from the "base line," which runs east and west; as, township
     No. 6, N., range 7, W., from the fifth principal meridian.

   13. (Naut.) See Range of cable, below.
   Range  of  accommodation (Optics), the distance between the near point
   and  the  far  point  of  distinct  vision,  --  usually  measured and
   designated  by  the  strength  of  the  lens  which  if  added  to the
   refracting  media  of the eye would cause the rays from the near point
   to  appear  as  if  they  came  from  the  far  point. -- Range finder
   (Gunnery),  an  instrument,  or  apparatus, variously constructed, for
   ascertaining  the  distance  of  an  inaccessible  object,  -- used to
   determine  what  elevation  must be given to a gun in order to hit the
   object; a position finder. -- Range of cable (Naut.), a certain length
   of  slack  cable  ranged  along the deck preparatory to letting go the
   anchor.  --  Range  work  (Masonry), masonry of squared stones laid in
   courses  each  of which is of even height throughout the length of the
   wall;  --  distinguished  from  broken  range  work, which consists of
   squared  stones laid in courses not continuously of even height. -- To
   get  the  range  of (an object) (Gun.), to find the angle at which the
   piece must be raised to reach (the object) without carrying beyond.

                                   Rangement

   Range"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. rangement.] Arrangement. [Obs.] Waterland.

                                    Ranger

   Ran"ger (?), n.

   1.  One  who ranges; a rover; sometimes, one who ranges for plunder; a
   roving robber.

   2.  That  which  separates  or arranges; specifically, a sieve. [Obs.]
   "The tamis ranger." Holland.

   3. A dog that beats the ground in search of game.

   4. One of a body of mounted troops, formerly armed with short muskets,
   who range over the country, and often fight on foot.

   5. The keeper of a public park or forest; formerly, a sworn officer of
   a  forest,  appointed by the king's letters patent, whose business was
   to walk through the forest, recover beasts that had strayed beyond its
   limits,  watch the deer, present trespasses to the next court held for
   the forest, etc. [Eng.]<-- similar function for U.S. national parksand
   antional monuments. -->

                                  Rangership

   Ran"ger*ship, n. The office of the keeper of a forest or park. [Eng.]

                                    Rangle

   Ran"gle  (?),  v.  i.  To range about in an irregular manner. [Obs. or
   Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

                                     Rani

   Ra"ni (?), n. [Hind. r\'ben\'c6, Skr. r\'bejn\'c6. See Rajah.] A queen
   or princess; the wife of a rajah. [Written also ranee.] [India]

                                    Ranine

   Ra"nine (?), a. [L. rana a frog.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the frogs and toads.

   2. (Anat.) Pertaining to, or designating, a swelling under the tongue;
   also,  pertaining  to the region where the swelling occurs; -- applied
   especially to branches of the lingual artery and lingual vein.

                                     Rank

   Rank  (?), a. [Compar. Ranker (?); superl. Rankest.] [AS. ranc strong,
   proud;  cf.  D.  rank slender, Dan. rank upright, erect, Prov. G. rank
   slender,  Icel.  rakkr  slender,  bold. The meaning seems to have been
   influenced by L. rancidus, E. rancid.]

   1.  Luxuriant  in  growth;  of  vigorous  growth;  exuberant; grown to
   immoderate height; as, rank grass; rank weeds.

     And,  behold,  seven  ears of corn came up upon one stalk, rank and
     good. Gen. xli. 5.

   2.  Raised  to a high degree; violent; extreme; gross; utter; as, rank
   heresy. "Rank nonsense." Hare. "I do forgive thy rankest fault." Shak.

   3.  Causing  vigorous  growth;  producing  luxuriantly;  very rich and
   fertile; as, rank land. Mortimer.

   4.   Strong-scented;   rancid;   musty;  as,  oil  of  a  rank  smell;
   rank-smelling rue. Spenser.

   5.  Strong  to  the taste. "Divers sea fowls taste rank of the fish on
   which they feed." Boyle.

   6. Inflamed with venereal appetite. [Obs.] Shak.
   Rank  modus  (Law), an excessive and unreasonable modus. See Modus, 3.
   -- To set (the iron of a plane, etc.) rank, to set so as to take off a
   thick shaving. Moxon.

                                     Rank

   Rank, adv. Rankly; stoutly; violently. [Obs.]

     That rides so rank and bends his lance so fell. Fairfax.

                                     Rank

   Rank,  n. [OE. renk, reng, OF. renc, F. rang, fr. OHG. hring a circle,
   a circular row, G. ring. See Ring, and cf. Range, n. & v.]

   1. A row or line; a range; an order; a tier; as, a rank of osiers.

     Many  a  mountain  nigh  Rising  in lofty ranks, and loftier still.
     Byron.

   2.  (Mil.) A line of soldiers ranged side by side; -- opposed to file.
   See 1st File, 1 (a).

     Fierce,  fiery  warriors  fought  upon  the  clouds,  In  ranks and
     squadrons and right form of war. Shak.

   3.  Grade of official standing, as in the army, navy, or nobility; as,
   the rank of general; the rank of admiral.

   4.  An  aggregate  of individuals classed together; a permanent social
   class;  an order; a division; as, ranks and orders of men; the highest
   and the lowest ranks of men, or of other intelligent beings.

   5.  Degree  of  dignity, eminence, or excellence; position in civil or
   social life; station; degree; grade; as, a writer of the first rank; a
   lawyer of high rank.

     These all are virtues of a meaner rank. Addison.

   6.  Elevated  grade  or  standing;  high degree; high social position;
   distinction; eminence; as, a man of rank.
   Rank and file. (a) (Mil.) The whole body of common soldiers, including
   also  corporals. In a more extended sense, it includes sergeants also,
   excepting   the  noncommissioned  staff.<--  analogously,  the  lowest
   ranking members of any organization --> (b) See under 1st File. -- The
   ranks,  the  order  or  grade  of  common  soldiers;  as,  to reduce a
   noncommissioned  officer to the ranks. -- To fill the ranks, to supply
   the  whole  number, or a competent number. -- To take rank of, to have
   precedence  over,  or  to  have  the  right  of  taking a higher place
   than.<--  pull  rank,  to  insist  on one's own prerogative or plan of
   action,  by  right  of  a  higher  rank  than that of one suggesting a
   different plan -->

                                     Rank

   Rank, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ranked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Ranking,]

   1. To place abreast, or in a line.

   2. To range in a particular class, order, or division; to class; also,
   to  dispose  methodically;  to  place in suitable classes or order; to
   classify.

     Ranking all things under general and special heads. I. Watts.

     Poets were ranked in the class of philosophers. Broome.

     Heresy is ranked with idolatry and witchcraft. Dr. H. More.

   3. To take rank of; to outrank. [U.S.]

                                     Rank

   Rank, v. i.

   1.  To  be  ranged;  to be set or disposed, an in a particular degree,
   class, order, or division.

     Let that one article rank with the rest. Shak.

   2.  To  have  a  certain grade or degree of elevation in the orders of
   civil  or  military  life;  to  have  a  certain  degree  of esteem or
   consideration;  as,  he  ranks with the first class of poets; he ranks
   high in public estimation.

                                    Ranker

   Rank"er (?), n. One who ranks, or disposes in ranks; one who arranges.

                                    Rankle

   Ran"kle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Rankled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Rankling
   (?).] [From Rank, a.]

   1.  To become, or be, rank; to grow rank or strong; to be inflamed; to
   fester; -- used literally and figuratively.

     A malady that burns and rankles inward. Rowe.

     This  would have left a rankling wound in the hearts of the people.
     Burke.

   2. To produce a festering or inflamed effect; to cause a sore; -- used
   literally  and  figuratively; as, a splinter rankles in the flesh; the
   words rankled in his bosom.

                                    Rankle

   Ran"kle  (?), v. t. To cause to fester; to make sore; to inflame. [R.]
   Beau. & Fl.

                                    Rankly

   Rank"ly  (?),  adv.  With rank or vigorous growth; luxuriantly; hence,
   coarsely; grossly; as, weeds grow rankly.

                                   Rankness

   Rank"ness,  n. [AS. rancness pride.] The condition or quality of being
   rank.

                                    Rannel

   Ran"nel (?), n. A prostitute. [Obs.]

                                     Ranny

   Ran"ny (?), n. [L. araneus mus, a kind of small mouse.] (Zo\'94l.) The
   erd shrew. [Scot.]

                                    Ransack

   Ran"sack  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Ransacked (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ransacking.] [OE. ransaken, Icel, rannsaka to explore, examine; rann a
   house  (akin  to Goth. razn house, AS. r\'91sn plank, beam) + the root
   of s\'91kja to seek, akin to E. seek. See Seek, and cf. Rest repose.]

   1.  To  search  thoroughly;  to  search every place or part of; as, to
   ransack a house.

     To ransack every corner of their . . . hearts. South.

   2. To plunder; to pillage completely.

     Their vow is made To ransack Troy. Shak.

   3. To violate; to ravish; to defiour. [Obs.]

     Rich spoil of ransacked chastity. Spenser.

                                    Ransack

   Ran"sack, v. i. To make a thorough search.

     To ransack in the tas [heap] of bodies dead. Chaucer.

                                    Ransack

   Ran"sack,  n.  The  act  of  ransacking,  or state of being ransacked;
   pillage. [R.]

     Even your father's house Shall not be free fromransack. J. Webster.

                                    Ransom

   Ran"som (?), n. [OE. raunson, raunsoun, OF. ran&cced;on, raen&cced;on,
   raan&cced;on,  F.  ran&cced;on,  fr.  L.  redemptio,  fr.  redimere to
   redeem. See Redeem, and cf. Redemption.]

   1.  The  release of a captive, or of captive, or of captured property,
   by  payment  of a consideration; redemption; as, prisoners hopeless of
   ransom. Dryden.

   2.  The  money  or price paid for the redemption of a prisoner, or for
   goods  captured  by  an  enemy;  payment  for  freedom from restraint,
   penalty, or forfeit.

     Thy ransom paid, which man from death redeems. Milton.

     His  captivity  in  Austria,  and  the heavy ransom he paid for his
     liberty. Sir J. Davies/.

   3.  (O.  Eng. Law) A sum paid for the pardon of some great offense and
   the  discharge  of the offender; also, a fine paid in lieu of corporal
   punishment. Blackstone.
   Ransom  bill  (Law),  a war contract, valid by the law of nations, for
   the ransom of property captured at sea and its safe conduct into port.
   Kent.

                                    Ransom

   Ran"som, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ransomed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Ransoming.]
   [Cf. F. ran&cced;onner. See Ransom, n.]

   1.  To  redeem  from  captivity, servitude, punishment, or forfeit, by
   paying  a  price;  to  buy  out of servitude or penalty; to rescue; to
   deliver; as, to ransom prisoners from an enemy.

   2. To exact a ransom for, or a payment on. [R.]

     Such  lands  as  he had rule of he ransomed them so grievously, and
     would tax the men two or three times in a year. Berners.

                                  Ransomable

   Ran"som*a*ble (?), a. Such as can be ransomed.

                                   Ransomer

   Ran"som*er (?), n. One who ransoms or redeems.

                                  Ransomless

   Ran"som*less, a. Incapable of being ransomed; without ransom. Shak.

                                     Rant

   Rant  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Ranted; p. pr. & vb. n. Ranting.] [OD.
   ranten,  randen,  to  dote,  to  be  enraged.]  To  rave  in  violent,
   high-sounding, or extravagant language, without dignity of thought; to
   be  noisy,  boisterous,  and  bombastic  in talk or declamation; as, a
   ranting preacher.

     Look where my ranting host of the Garter comes! Shak.

                                     Rant

   Rant,  n.  High-sounding  language,  without  importance or dignity of
   thought;  boisterous,  empty  declamation;  bombast;  as,  the rant of
   fanatics.

     This is a stoical rant, without any foundation in the nature of man
     or reason of things. Atterbury.

                                    Ranter

   Rant"er (?), n.

   1. A noisy talker; a raving declaimer.

   2.  (Eccl. Hist.) (a) One of a religious sect which sprung up in 1645;
   --  called  also  Seekers.  See  Seeker.  (b)  One  of  the  Primitive
   Methodists,  who seceded from the Wesleyan Methodists on the ground of
   their deficiency in fervor and zeal; -- so called in contempt.

                                   Ranterism

   Rant"er*ism  (?),  n.  (Eccl.  Hist.)  The  practice  or tenets of the
   Ranters.

                                   Rantingly

   Rant"ing*ly, adv. In a ranting manner.

                                   Rantipole

   Rant"i*pole  (?), n. [Ranty + pole, poll, head.] A wild, romping young
   person. [Low] Marrya 

                                   Rantipole

   Rant"i*pole, a. Wild; roving; rakish. [Low]

                                   Rantipole

   Rant"i*pole, v. i. To act like a rantipole. [Low]

     She used to rantipole about the house. Arbuthnot.

                                    Rantism

   Rant"ism (?), n. (Eccl. Hist.) Ranterism.

                                     Ranty

   Rant"y (?), a. Wild; noisy; boisterous.

                                    Ranula

   Ran"u*la  (?),  n. [L., a little frog, a little swelling on the tongue
   of cattle, dim. of rana a frog.] (Med.) A cyst formed under the tongue
   by obstruction of the duct of the submaxillary gland.

                                Ranunculaceous

   Ra*nun`cu*la"ceous  (?),  a. [See Ranunculus.] (Bot.) Of or pertaining
   to a natural order of plants (Ranunculace\'91), of which the buttercup
   is  the  type,  and  which  includes  also  the  virgin's  bower,  the
   monkshood, larkspur, anemone, meadow rue, and peony.

                                  Ranunculus

   Ra*nun`cu*lus (?), n.; pl. E. Ranunculuses (#), L. Ranunculi (#). [L.,
   a  little  frog,  a  medicinal plant, perhaps crowfoot, dim. of rana a
   frog;  cf.  raccare  to  roar.]  (Bot.)  A genus of herbs, mostly with
   yellow  flowers,  including  crowfoot,  buttercups, and the cultivated
   ranunculi  (R. Asiaticus, R. aconitifolius, etc.) in which the flowers
   are double and of various colors.
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   Page 1189

                                Ranz des vaches

   Ranz" des` vaches" (?). [F., the ranks or rows of cows, the name being
   given  from  the fact that the cattle, when answering the musical call
   of  their keeper, move towards him in a row, preceded by those wearing
   bells.]  The name for numerous simple, but very irregular, melodies of
   the  Swiss  mountaineers, blown on a long tube called the Alpine horn,
   and sometimes sung.

                                      Rap

   Rap  (?),  n. [Etymol. uncertain.] A lay or skein containing 120 yards
   of yarn. Knight.

                                      Rap

   Rap,  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Rapped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Rapping.] [Akin
   to  Sw.  rappa  to strike, rapp stroke, Dan. rap, perhaps of imitative
   origin.]  To  strike with a quick, sharp blow; to knock; as, to rap on
   the door.

                                      Rap

   Rap, v. t.

   1. To strike with a quick blow; to knock on.

     With one great peal they rap the door. Prior.

   2.  (Founding)  To  free  (a  pattern) in a mold by light blows on the
   pattern, so as to facilitate its removal.

                                      Rap

   Rap, n. A quick, smart blow; a knock.

                                      Rap

   Rap,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Rapped (?), usually written Rapt; p. pr. &
   vb.  n.  Rapping.]  [OE.  rapen;  akin to LG. & D. rapen to snatch, G.
   raffen,  Sw.  rappa; cf. Dan. rappe sig to make haste, and Icel. hrapa
   to  fall, to rush, hurry. The word has been confused with L. rapere to
   seize. Cf. Rape robbery, Rapture, Raff, v., Ramp, v.]

   1. To snatch away; to seize and hurry off.

     And  through  the Greeks and Ilians they rapt The whirring chariot.
     Chapman.

     From Oxford I was rapt by my nephew, Sir Edmund Bacon, to Redgrove.
     Sir H. Wotton.

   2. To hasten. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

   3.  To  seize and bear away, as the mind or thoughts; to transport out
   of  one's  self;  to  affect  with  ecstasy  or rapture; as, rapt into
   admiration.

     I'm rapt with joy to see my Marcia's tears. Addison.

     Rapt into future times, the bard begun. Pope.

   4. To exchange; to truck. [Obs. & Law]
   To rap and ren, To rap and rend. [Perhaps fr. Icel. hrapa to hurry and
   r\'91na plunder, fr. r\'ben plunder, E. ran.] To seize and plunder; to
   snatch  by  violence.  Dryden.  "[Ye]  waste  all that ye may rape and
   renne." Chaucer.
   
     All they could rap and rend pilfer. Hudibras.
     
   -- To rap out, to utter with sudden violence, as an oath.

     A judge who rapped out a great oath. Addison.

   <--  5. To engage in a discussion, converse; (b) (ca. 1985) to perform
   a   type   of   rhythmic   talking,  often  with  accompanying  rhythm
   instruments. -->

                                      Rap

   Rap,  n.  [Perhaps  contr. fr. raparee.] A popular name for any of the
   tokens  that  passed  current for a half-penny in Ireland in the early
   part of the eighteenth century; any coin of trifling value.

     Many counterfeits passed about under the name of raps. Swift.

     Tie it [her money] up so tight that you can't touch a rap,

     save with her consent. Mrs. Alexander.

     <--  5.  conversation,  also  rapping;  (b)  (ca.  1985)  a type of
     rhythmic  talking,  often with accompanying rhythm instruments; rap
     music. -->

   Not to care a rap, to care nothing. -- Not worth a rap, worth nothing.

                                    Rapaces

   Ra*pa"ces  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Rapacious.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Same  as
   Accipitres.

                                   Rapacious

   Rapa"cious  (?),  a.  [L. rapax, -acis, from rapere to seize and carry
   off, to snatch away. See Rapid.]

   1.  Given  to  plunder;  disposed  or accustomed to seize by violence;
   seizing  by  force.  "  The  downfall  of the rapacious and licentious
   Knights Templar." Motley.

   2.  Accustomed to seize food; subsisting on prey, or animals seized by
   violence,; as, a tiger is a rapacious animal; a rapacious bird.

   3.   Avaricious;   grasping;  extortionate;  also,  greedy;  ravenous;
   voracious; as, rapacious usurers; a rapacious appetite.

     [Thy Lord] redeem thee from Death's rapacious claim Milton

   .  Syn.  --  Greedy; grasping; ravenous; voracious. -- Ra*pa"cious*ly,
   adv. -- Ra*pa"cious*ness, n.

                                   Rapacity

   Ra*pac"i*ty (?), n. [L. rapacitas: cf. F. rapacite. See Rapacious.]

   1.  The  quality  of being rapacious; rapaciousness; ravenousness; as,
   the rapacity of pirates; the rapacity of wolves.

   2.  The  act  or  practice  of  extorting  or  exacting  by oppressive
   injustice; exorbitant greediness of gain. "The rapacity of some ages."
   Sprat.

                                    Raparee

   Rap`a*ree" (?), n. See Rapparee.

                                     Rape

   Rape (r&amac;p), n. [F. r\'83pe a grape stalk.]

   1. Fruit, as grapes, plucked from the cluster. Ray.

   2. The refuse stems and skins of grapes or raisins from which the must
   has been expressed in wine making.

   3.  A  filter  containing  the  above  refuse,  used in clarifying and
   perfecting malt, vinegar, etc.
   Rape  wine,  a  poor,  thin  wine  made from the last dregs of pressed
   grapes.

                                     Rape

   Rape,  n. [Akin to rap to snatch, but confused with L. rapere. See Rap
   to snatch.]

   1.  The  act  of  seizing and carrying away by force; violent seizure;
   robbery.<-- [Rare] -->

     And ruined orphans of thy rapes complain. Sandys.

   2.  (Law)  Sexual connection with a woman without her consent. See Age
   of consent, under Consent, n. <-- (b) Any sexual intercourse forced on
   a person, whether male or female (also called forcible rape, or sexual
   assault,  and sometimes, as a euphemism, criminal assault); Any sexual
   intercourse  performed  with a person who is under the age of consent,
   whether male or female, is statutory rape. -->

   3. That which is snatched away. [Obs.]

     Where  now  are all my hopes? O, never more. Shall they revive! nor
     death her rapes restore. Sandys.

   4.  Movement,  as  in  snatching;  haste;  hurry. [Obs.] <-- 5. (Fig.,
   Colloq.)  An  action causing results harmful to a person or thing; as,
   the rape of the land by mining companies. -->

                                     Rape

   Rape,  v. t. To commit rape upon; to ravish. <-- 2. (Fig., Colloq.) To
   perform  an  action  causing  results  harmful or very unpleasant to a
   person or thing; as, women raped first by their assailant, and then by
   the  Justice  system.  Corresponds  to 2nd rape, n. 5. --> To rape and
   ren. See under Rap, v. t., to snatch.

                                     Rape

   Rape, v. i. To rob; to pillage. [Obs.] Heywood.

                                     Rape

   Rape,  n.  [Icel. hreppr village, district; cf. Icel. hreppa to catch,
   obtain,  AS.  hrepian, hreppan, to touch.] One of six divisions of the
   county of Sussex, England, intermediate between a hundred and a shire.

                                     Rape

   Rape, n. [L. rapa, rapum, akin to Gr. r\'81be.] (Bot.) A name given to
   a  variety  or  to  varieties of a plant of the turnip kind, grown for
   seeds  and herbage. The seeds are used for the production of rape oil,
   and to a limited extent for the food of cage birds.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ese pl ants, wi th th e ed ible tu rnip, ha ve been
     variously  named,  but  are all now believed to be derived from the
     Brassica  campestris  of  Europe,  which  by some is not considered
     distinct  from  the  wild  stock  (B. oleracea) of the cabbage. See
     Cole.

   Broom  rape.  (Bot.)  See Broom rape, in the Vocabulary. -- Rape cake,
   the  refuse  remaining after the oil has been expressed from the seed.
   -- Rape root. Same as Rape. -- Summer rape. (Bot.) See Colza.

                                    Rapeful

   Rape"ful (?), a.

   1. Violent. [Obs.]

   2. Given to the commission of rape. Byron.

                                   Rapfully

   Rap"ful*ly (?), adv. Violently. [Obs.]

                                 Raphaelesque

   Raph`a*el*esque"  (?), a. Like Raphael's works; in Raphael's manner of
   painting.

                                  Raphaelism

   Raph"a*el*ism  (?),  n.  The  principles  of  painting  introduced  by
   Raphael, the Italian painter.

                                  Raphaelite

   Raph"a*el*ite  (?),  n.  One who advocates or adopts the principles of
   Raphaelism.

                                    Raphany

   Raph"a*ny  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  raphanie.] (Med.) A convulsive disease,
   attended  with ravenous hunger, not uncommon in Sweden and Germany. It
   was  so called because supposed to be caused by eating corn with which
   seeds  of jointed charlock (Raphanus raphanistrum) had been mixed, but
   the condition is now known to be a form of ergotism.

                                     Raphe

   Ra"phe (r&amac;"f&esl;), n. [NL., fr. Gr.

   1. (Anat.) A line, ridge, furrow, or band of fibers, especially in the
   median line; as, the raphe of the tongue.

   2. (Bot.) Same as Rhaph.

                                   Raphides

   Raph"i*des (?), n. pl. [F. raphide.] (Bot.) See Rhaphides.

                                     Rapid

   Rap"id  (?),  a.  [L.  rapidus,  fr. rapere to seize and carry off, to
   snatch or hurry away; perhaps akin to Gr. rapide. Cf. Harpy, Ravish.]

   1.  Very  swift  or  quick;  moving  with  celerity; fast; as, a rapid
   stream; a rapid flight; a rapid motion.

     Ascend my chariot; guide the rapid wheels. Milton.

   2.  Advancing  with  haste  or  speed; speedy in progression; in quick
   sequence; as, rapid growth; rapid improvement; rapid recurrence; rapid
   succession.

   3. Quick in execution; as, a rapid penman.

                                     Rapid

   Rap"id,  n.  [Cf.  F. rapide. See Rapid, a.] The part of a river where
   the  current  moves with great swiftness, but without actual waterfall
   or  cascade;  --  usually in the plural; as, the Lachine rapids in the
   St. Lawrence.<-- sometimes called whitewater -->

     Row,  brothers,  row the stream runs fast, The rapids are near, and
     the daylight's past. Moore.

                                   Rapidity

   Ra*pid"i*ty (?), n. [L. rapiditas: cf. F. rapidit\'82.] The quality or
   state  of being rapid; swiftness; celerity; velocity; as, the rapidity
   of  growth  or  improvement.  Syn.  --  --  Rapidness;  haste;  speed;
   celerity; velocity; swiftness; fleetness; quickness; agility.

                                    Rapidly

   Rap"id*ly (?), adv. In a rapid manner.

                                   Rapidness

   Rap"id*ness, n. Quality of being rapid; rapidity.

                                    Rapier

   Ra"pi*er   (?),  n.  [F.  rapi\'8are,  perhaps  for  raspi\'8are,  and
   ultimately  of  German  origin, akin to E. rasp, v.] A straight sword,
   with  a  narrow  and  finely  pointed  blade, used only for thrusting.
   Rapier fish (Zo\'94l.), the swordfish. [Obs.] Grew.

                                   Rapiered

   Ra"pi*ered   (?),   a.  Wearing  a  rapier.  "Scarletcoated,  rapiered
   figures." Lowell.

                                    Rapilli

   Ra*pil"li (?), n. pl. [It.] (Min.) Lapilli.

                                    Rapine

   Rap"ine  (?),  n. [F. rapine; cf. Pr. & It. rapina; all fr. L. rapina,
   fr.  rapere  to seize and carry off by force. See Rapid, and cf. Raven
   rapine.]

   1.  The  act of plundering; the seizing and carrying away of things by
   force; spoliation; pillage; plunder.

     Men  who were impelled to war quite as much by the desire of rapine
     as by the desire of glory. Macaulay.

   2. Ravishment; rape. [Obs.] Shak.

                                    Rapine

   Rap"ine, v. t. To plunder. Sir G. Buck.

                                   Rapinous

   Rap"i*nous (?), a. Given to rapine. [Obs.]

                                    Rappage

   Rap"page  (?),  n.  (Founding)  The  enlargement  of  a molt caused by
   rapping the pattern.

                                   Rapparee

   Rap`pa*ree"  (?),  n.  A  wild  Irish  plunderer, esp. one of the 17th
   century;  -- so called from his carrying a half-pike, called a rapary.
   [Written also raparee.]

                                    Rapped

   Rapped (r&acr;pt), imp. & p. p. of Rap, to strike.

                                    Rapped

   Rapped, imp. & p. p. of Rap, to snatch away.

                                    Rappee

   Rap*pee"  (?),  n. [F. r\'83p\'82, fr. r\'83per to grate, to rasp. See
   Rasp,  v.]  A  pungent  kind  of snuff made from the darker and ranker
   kinds of tobacco leaves.

                                    Rappel

   Rap"pel  (?),  n. [F. Cf. Repeal.] (Mil.) The beat of the drum to call
   soldiers to arms.

                                    Rapper

   Rap"per (?), n. [From Rap.]

   1.  One  who, or that which, raps or knocks; specifically, the knocker
   of a door. Sterne.

   2.  A  forcible  oath  or  lie.  [Slang] Bp. Parker. <-- 3. A musician
   specializing in rap music. -->

                                    Rapport

   Rap*port" (?), n. [F., fr. rapporter to bring again or back, to refer;
   pref. re- re- + apporter to bring, L. apporter to bring, L. apportare.
   Cf. Report.] Relation; proportion; conformity; correspondence; accord.

     'T  is  obvious  what  rapport there is between the conceptions and
     languages in every country. Sir W. Temple.

   En`  rap`port"  (  [F.],  in  accord,  harmony,  or sympathy; having a
   mutual,  especially  a  private,  understanding; in mesmerism, in that
   relation of sympathy which permits influence or communication.

                                  Rapscallion

   Rap*scal"lion  (?),  n. [See Rascallion.] A rascal; a good-for-nothing
   fellow. [Colloq.] Howitt.

                                     Rapt

   Rapt (?), imp. & p. p. of Rap, to snatch away.

                                     Rapt

   Rapt, a.

   1. Snatched away; hurried away or along.

     Waters rapt with whirling away. Spenser.

   2.  Transported with love, admiration, delight, etc.; enraptured. "The
   rapt musician." Longfellow.
   3.  Wholly  absorbed  or engrossed, as in work or meditation. "Rapt in
   secret studies." Shak.
   
                                     Rapt
                                       
   Rapt, n. [From F. rapt abduction, rape, L. raptus, fr. rapere to seize
   and  carry  off,  to  transport;  or fr. E. rapt, a. See Rapt, a., and
   Rapid.]
   
   1. An ecstasy; a trance. [Obs.] Bp. Morton.
   
   2. Rapidity. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
   
                                     Rapt

   Rapt, v. i.

   1. To transport or ravish. [Obs.] Drayton.

   2. To carry away by force. [Obs.] Daniel.

                                    Rapter

   Rap"ter (?), n. A raptor. [Obs.] Drayton.

                                    Raptor

   Rap"tor  (?),  n.  [L.  raptor,  from  rapere to ravish. See Rapid.] A
   ravisher; a plunderer. [Obs.]

                                   Raptores

   Rap*to"res   (?),   n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Raptor.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Same  as
   Accipitres. Called also Raptatores.

                                   Raptorial

   Rap*to"ri*al  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.) (a) Rapacious; living upon prey; --
   said  especially  of  certain  birds. (b) Adapted for seizing prey; --
   said  of  the legs, claws, etc., of insects, birds, and other animals.
   (c) Of or pertaining to the Raptores. See Illust. (f) of Aves.

                                  Raptorious

   Rap*to"ri*ous (?), a. [L. raptorius.] (Zo\'94l.) Raptorial.

                                    Rapture

   Rap"ture  (?),  n.  [L.  rapere,  raptum,  to  carry off by force. See
   Rapid.]

   1.  A  seizing  by violence; a hurrying along; rapidity with violence.
   [Obs.]

     That  'gainst  a  rock,  or  flat,  her keel did dash With headlong
     rapture. Chapman.

   2.  The  state  or condition of being rapt, or carried away from one's
   self  by agreeable excitement; violence of a pleasing passion; extreme
   joy or pleasure; ecstasy.

     Music,  when  thus  applied, raises in the mind of the hearer great
     conceptions;  it  strengthens  devotion,  and  advances praise into
     rapture. Addison.

     You grow correct that once with rapture writ. Pope.

   3.  A  spasm;  a fit; a syncope; delirium. [Obs.] Shak. Syn. -- Bliss;
   ecstasy; transport; delight; exultation.

                                    Rapture

   Rap"ture,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Raptured  (?);  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Rapturing.]  To  transport  with  excitement;  to  enrapture. [Poetic]
   Thomson.

                                   Rapturist

   Rap"tur*ist, n. An enthusiast. [Obs.] J. Spencer.

                                   Rapturize

   Rap"tur*ize  (?), v. i. & i. To put, or be put, in a state of rapture.
   [R.]

                                   Rapturous

   Rap"tur*ous   (?),  a.  Ecstatic;  transporting;  ravishing;  feeling,
   expressing,  or  manifesting  rapture; as, rapturous joy, pleasure, or
   delight; rapturous applause.

                                  Rapturously

   Rap"tur*ous*ly, adv. In a rapturous manner.

                                     Rare

   Rare (?), a. [Cf. Rather, Rath.] Early. [Obs.]

     Rude  mechanicals  that  rare  and  late  Work in the market place.
     Chapman.

                                     Rare

   Rare,  a.  [Compar.  Rarer; superl. Rarest.] [Cf. AS. hr&emac;r, or E.
   rare  early.]  Nearly  raw;  partially  cooked; not thoroughly cooked;
   underdone; as, rare beef or mutton.

     New-laid eggs, which Baucis' busy care Turned by a gentle fire, and
     roasted rare. Dryden.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd is in common use in the United States, but
     in England its synonym underdone is preferred.

                                     Rare

   Rare,  a. [Compar. Rarer (?); superl. Rarest.] [F., fr. L. rarus thin,
   rare.]

   1.  Not  frequent;  seldom  met with or occurring; unusual; as, a rare
   event.

   2.  Of  an  uncommon nature; unusually excellent; valuable to a degree
   seldom found.

     Rare work, all filled with terror and delight. Cowley.

     Above the rest I judge one beauty rare. Dryden.

   3. Thinly scattered; dispersed.

     Those rare and solitary, three in flocks. Milton.

   4.  Characterized  by  wide separation of parts; of loose texture; not
   thick or dense; thin; as, a rare atmosphere at high elevations.

     Water  is nineteen times lighter, and by consequence nineteen times
     rarer, than gold. Sir I. Newton.

   Syn.    --    Scarce;   infrequent;   unusual;   uncommon;   singular;
   extraordinary;  incomparable.  --  Rare,  Scarce. We call a thing rare
   when  but  few  examples, specimens, or instances of it are ever to be
   met  with;  as,  a  rare  plant. We speak of a thing as scarce, which,
   though  usually  abundant,  is  for  the  time being to be had only in
   diminished quantities; as, a bad harvest makes corn scarce.

     A  perfect union of wit and judgment is one of the rarest things in
     the world. Burke.

     When  any  particular piece of money grew very scarce, it was often
     recoined by a succeeding emperor. Addison.

                                    Rarebit

   Rare"bit  (?),  n.  A dainty morsel; a Welsh rabbit. See Welsh rabbit,
   under Rabbit.

                                  Raree-show

   Rar"ee-show` (?), n. [Contr. fr. rarity-show.] A show carried about in
   a box; a peep show. Pope.

                                  Rarefaction

   Rar`e*fac"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. rar\'82faction. See Rarefy.] The act or
   process  of  rarefying;  the  state  of  being rarefied; -- opposed to
   condensation; as, the rarefaction of air.

                                  Rarefiable

   Rar"e*fi`a*ble  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  rar\'82fiable.]  Capable  of being
   rarefied. Boyle.

                                    Rarefy

   Rar"e*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Rarefied (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Rarefying (?).] [F. rar\'82fier; L. rarus rare + -ficare (in comp.) to
   make; cf. L. rarefacere. See -fy.] To make rare, thin, porous, or less
   dense;  to  expand or enlarge without adding any new portion of matter
   to; -- opposed to condense.

                                    Rarefy

   Rar"e*fy,  v.  i.  To  become  less  dense; to become thin and porous.
   "Earth rarefies to dew." Dryden.

                                    Rarely

   Rare"ly (?), adv.

   1.  In  a  rare manner or degree; seldom; not often; as, things rarely
   seen.

   2. Finely; excellently; with rare skill. See 3d Rare, 2.

     The person who played so rarely on the flageolet. Sir W. Scott.

     The rest of the spartments are rarely gilded. Evelyn.

                                   Rareness

   Rare"ness, n. The state or quality of being rare.

     And let the rareness the small gift commend. Dryden.

                                   Rareripe

   Rare"ripe` (?), a. [Rare early + ripe. Cf. Rathripe.] Early ripe; ripe
   before others, or before the usual season.

                                   Rareripe

   Rare"ripe`, n. An early ripening fruit, especially a kind of freestone
   peach.

                                 Rarification

   Rar`i*fi*ca"tion (?), n. See Rarefaction. [R.] Am. Chem. Journal. 

                                    Rarity

   Rar"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Rarities (#). [L. raritas: cf. F. raret\'82. See
   Rare.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state of being rare; rareness; thinness; as, the
   rarity (contrasted with the density) of gases.
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   2.  That  which  is  rare;  an  uncommon thing; a thing valued for its
   scarcity.

     I saw three rarities of different kinds, which pleased me more than
     any other shows in the place. Addison.

                                      Ras

   Ras (?), n. See 2d Reis.

                                    Rasante

   Ra`sante"  (?),  a.  [F., p. pr. of raser to graze.] (Fort.) Sweeping;
   grazing;  --  applied to a style of fortification in which the command
   of  the works over each other, and over the country, is kept very low,
   in  order that the shot may more effectually sweep or graze the ground
   before them. H. L. Scott.

                                    Rascal

   Ras"cal  (?), n. [OE. rascaille rabble, probably from an OF. racaille,
   F. racaille the rabble, rubbish, probably akin to F. racler to scrape,
   (assumed)  LL.  rasiculare,  rasicare, fr. L. radere, rasum. See Rase,
   v.]

   1.  One  of  the  rabble;  a  low,  common sort of person or creature;
   collectively,   the   rabble;   the   common   herd;   also,  a  lean,
   ill-conditioned beast, esp. a deer. [Obs.]

     He  smote  of  the  people  seventy  men, and fifty thousand of the
     rascal. Wyclif (1 Kings [1 Samuel] vi. 19).

     Poor  men alone? No, no; the noblest deer hath them [horns] as huge
     as the rascal. Shak.

   2.  A  mean,  trickish  fellow;  a  base, dishonest person; a rogue; a
   scoundrel; a trickster.

     For  I  have sense to serve my turn in store, And he's a rascal who
     pretends to more. Dryden.

                                    Rascal

   Ras`cal, a. Of or pertaining to the common herd or common people; low;
   mean; base. "The rascal many." Spencer. "The rascal people." Shak.

     While she called me rascal fiddler. Shak.

                                   Rascaldom

   Ras"cal*dom  (?),  n.  State  of  being a rascal; rascality; domain of
   rascals; rascals, collectively. Emerson.

                                   Rascaless

   Ras"cal*ess, n. A female rascal. [Humorous]

                                   Rascality

   Ras*cal`i*ty (?), n.; pl. Rascalities (

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  rascally,  or  a  rascal; mean
   trickishness or dishonesty; base fraud.

   2. The poorer and lower classes of people.[Obs.]

     The  chief  heads  of their clans with their several rascalities T.
     Jackson.

                                  Rascallion

   Ras*cal"lion  (?),  n.  [From Rascal] A low, mean wretch [Written also
   rascalion.]<-- now rapscalion -->

                                   Rascally

   Ras"cal*ly  (?),  a.  Like  a  rascal;  trickish  or  dishonest; base;
   worthless;  -- often in humorous disparagement, without implication of
   dishonesty.

     Our rascally porter is fallen fast asleep. Swift.

                                     Rase

   Rase  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Rased (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Rasing.] [F.
   raser,  LL.  rasare to scrape often, v. freq. fr. L. radere, rasum, to
   scrape,  shave;  cf. Skr. rad to scratch, gnaw, L. rodere to gnaw. Cf.
   Raze, Razee, Razor, Rodent.]

   1. To rub along the surface of; to graze.[Obsoles.]

     Was  he  not  in the . . . neighborhood to death? and might not the
     bullet which rased his cheek have gone into his head? South.

     Sometimes  his  feet  rased the surface of water, and at others the
     skylight almost flattened his nose. Beckford.

   2. To rub or scratch out; to erase. [Obsoles.]

     Except  we  rase the faculty of memory, root and branch, out of our
     mind. Fuller.

   3.  To  level  with the ground; to overthrow; to destroy; to raze. [In
   this sense rase is generally used.]

     Till  Troy  were  by  their  brave hands rased, They would not turn
     home. Chapman.

     NOTE: &hand; This word, rase, may be considered as nearly obsolete;
     graze, erase, and raze, having superseded it.

   Rasing iron, a tool for removing old oakum and pitch from the seams of
   a  vessel.  Syn.  --  To  erase;  efface; obliterate; expunge; cancel;
   level; prostrate; overthrow; subvert; destroy; demolish; ruin.

                                     Rase

   Rase,  v.  i.  To  be  leveled  with  the  ground;  to fall; to suffer
   overthrow. [Obs.]

                                     Rase

   Rase, n.

   1. A scratching out, or erasure. [Obs.]

   2. A slight wound; a scratch. [Obs.] Hooker.

   3.  (O.  Eng.  Law) A way of measuring in which the commodity measured
   was  made  even  with  the  top  of the measuring vessel by rasing, or
   striking off, all that was above it. Burrill.

                                     Rash

   Rash (?), v. t. [For arace]

   1. To pull off or pluck violently. [Obs.]

   2. To slash; to hack; to slice. [Obs.]

     Rushing of helms and riving plates asunder. Spenser.

                                     Rash

   Rash,  n.  [OF.  rashe an eruption, scurf, F. rache; fr. (assumed) LL.
   rasicare  to scratch, fr. L. radere, rasum, to scrape, scratch, shave.
   See  Rase, and cf. Rascal.] (Med.) A fine eruption or efflorescence on
   the  body,  with  little  or  no  elevation.  Canker  rash. See in the
   Vocabulary.  -- Nettle rash. See Urticaria. -- Rose rash. See Roseola.
   -- Tooth rash. See Red-gum.

                                     Rash

   Rash, n. [Cf. F. ras short-nap cloth, It. & Sp. raso satin (cf. Rase);
   or  cf.  It. rascia serge, G. rasch, probably fr. Arras in France (cf.
   Arras).]  An  inferior  kind  of silk, or mixture of silk and worsted.
   [Obs.] Donne.

                                     Rash

   Rash,  a.  [Compar.  Rasher (?); superl. Rashest.] [Probably of Scand.
   origin;  cf.  Dan.  &  Sw.  rask  quick,  brisk,  rash, Icel. r\'94skr
   vigorous, brave, akin to D. & G. rasch quick, of uncertain origin.]

   1.  Sudden in action; quick; hasty. [Obs.] "Strong as aconitum or rash
   gunpowder." Shak.

   2. Requiring sudden action; pressing; urgent. [Obs.]

     I scarce have leisure to salute you, My matter is so rash. Shak.

   3.  Esp.,  overhasty  in  counsel or action; precipitate; resolving or
   entering on a project or measure without due deliberation and caution;
   opposed  to  prudent;  said  of  persons;  as,  a  rash  statesman  or
   commander.

   4. Uttered or undertaken with too much haste or too little reflection;
   as, rash words; rash measures.

   5.  So  dry  as  to fall out of the ear with handling, as corn. [Prov.
   Eng.]  Syn.  --  Precipitate;  headlong; headstrong; foolhardy; hasty;
   indiscreet;     heedless;     thoughtless;    incautious;    careless;
   inconsiderate;  unwary.  --  Rash,  Adventurous,  Foolhardy.  A man is
   adventurous  who  incurs risk or hazard from a love of the arduous and
   the  bold.  A  man  is  rash  who does it from the mere impulse of his
   feelings,  without  counting  the  cost. A man is foolhardy who throws
   himself into danger in disregard or defiance of the consequences.

     Was never known a more adventurous knight. Dryden.

     Her  rush  hand  in  evil  hour  Forth  reaching  to the fruit, she
     plucked, she eat. Milton.

     If  any  yet to be foolhardy To expose themselves to vain jeopardy;
     If  they  come wounded off, and lame, No honors got by such a maim.
     Hudibras.

                                     Rash

   Rash (?), v. t. To prepare with haste. [Obs.] Foxe.

                                    Rasher

   Rash"er  (?),  n. [In sense 1, probably fr. rash, a., as being hastily
   cooked.]

   1. A thin slice of bacon.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A California rockfish (Sebastichthys miniatus).

                                    Rashful

   Rash"ful (?), a. Rash; hasty; precipitate. [Obs.]

                                   Rashling

   Rash"ling (?), n. A rash person. [Obs.]

                                    Rashly

   Rash"ly, adv. In a rush manner; with precipitation.

     He that doth anything rashly, must do it willingly; for he was free
     to deliberate or not. L'Estrange.

                                   Rashness

   Rash"ness, n. The quality of state of being rash.

     We  offend  .  .  .  by rashness, which is an affirming or denying,
     before we have sufficiently informed ourselves. South.

   Syn.   --   Temerity;   foolhardiness;   precipitancy;  precipitation;
   hastiness;  indiscretion; heedlessness; inconsideration; carelessness.
   See Temerity.

                                   Raskolnik

   Ras*kol"nik  (?),  n. [Russ. rascolenik' schismatic, heretic.] (Eccl.)
   One  of  the  separatists  or dissenters from the established or Greek
   church in Russia. [Written also rascolnik.]

                                    Rasores

   Ra*so`res  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr. L. radere, rasum, to scratch. See
   Rase, v. t.] (Zo\'94l.) An order of birds; the Gallin\'91.

     NOTE: &hand; Fo rmely, th e word Rasores was used in a wider sense,
     so   as   to   include   other   birds   now  widely  separated  in
     classification.

                                   Rasorial

   Ra*so"ri*al  (?;  277), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Rasores,
   or  gallinaceous  birds,  as the peacock, domestic fowl, patridge, and
   the like.

                                    Rasour

   Ra"sour (?), n. Rasor. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                     Rasp

   Rasp  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Rasped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Rasping.]
   [OF. rasper, F. r\'83per, to scrape, grate, rasp, fr. OHG. rasp&omac;n
   to  scrape  together,  to collect, probably akin to E. rap. Cf. Rap to
   snatch.]

   1.  To rub or file with a rasp; to rub or grate with a rough file; as,
   to rasp wood to make it smooth; to rasp bones to powder.

   2.  Hence, figuratively: To grate harshly upon; to offend by coarse or
   rough treatment or language; as, some sounds rasp the ear; his insults
   rasped my temper.

                                     Rasp

   Rasp, n. [OE. raspe, OF. raspe, F. r\'83pe. See Rasp, v.]

   1. A coarse file, on which the cutting prominences are distinct points
   raised by the oblique stroke of a sharp punch, instead of lines raised
   by a chisel, as on the true file.

   2. The raspberry. [Obs.] "Set sorrel amongst rasps, and the rasps will
   be smaller." Bacon.
   Rasp  palm (Bot.), a Brazilian palm tree (Iriartea exorhiza) which has
   strong a\'89rial roots like a screw pine. The roots have a hard, rough
   surface, and are used by the natives for graters and rasps, whence the
   common name.

                                  Raspatorium

   Ras`pa*to"ri*um (?), n. [LL.] See Raspatory.

                                   Raspatory

   Rasp"a*to*ry (?), n. [LL. raspatorium: cf. F. raspatoir. See Rasp, v.]
   A surgeon's rasp. Wiseman.

                                   Raspberry

   Rasp"ber*ry  (?;  277),  n, [From E. rasp, in allusion to the apparent
   roughness  of  the  fruit.] (Bot.) (a) The thimble-shaped fruit of the
   Rubus  Id\'91us and other similar brambles; as, the black, the red and
   the white raspberry. (b) The shrub bearing this fruit.

     NOTE: &hand; Te chnically, ra spberries are those brambles in which
     the  fruit  separates  readily from the core or receptacle, in this
     differing  from  the  blackberries,  in  which  the fruit is firmly
     attached to the receptacle.

                                    Rasper

   Rasp"er (?), n. One who, or which, rasps; a scraper.

                                    Raspis

   Ras"pis (?), n. The raspberry. [Obs.] Langham.

                                     Raspy

   Rasp"y  (?),  a. Like a rasp, or the sound made by a rasp; grating. R.
   D. Blackmore.

                                     Rasse

   Rasse  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Malay  r\'besa  taste, sensation.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   carnivore  (Viverricula Mallaccensis) allied to the civet but smaller,
   native of China and the East Indies. It furnishes a perfume resembling
   that of the civet, which is highly prized by the Javanese. Called also
   Malacca weasel, and lesser civet.

                                    Rasure

   Ra"sure  (?;  135),  n.  [L.  rasura, fr. radere, rasum, to scrape, to
   shave. See Rase, v.]

   1. The act of rasing, scraping, or erasing; erasure; obliteration.

   2.  A mark by which a letter, word, or any part of a writing or print,
   is erased, effaced, or obliterated; an erasure. Ayliffe.

                                      Rat

   Rat  (?),  n. [AS. r\'91t; akin to D. rat, OHG. rato, ratta, G. ratte,
   ratze,  OLG. ratta, LG. & Dan. rotte, Sw. r\'86tta, F. rat, Ir. & Gael
   radan, Armor. raz, of unknown origin. Cf. Raccoon.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) One of the several species of small rodents of the genus
   Mus  and  allied genera, larger than mice, that infest houses, stores,
   and  ships,  especially  the  Norway, or brown, rat (M. Alexandrinus).
   These were introduced into Anerica from the Old World.

   2.  A  round  and  tapering mass of hair, or similar material, used by
   women  to  support  the puffs and rolls of their natural hair. [Local,
   U.S.]

   3.  One who deserts his party or associates; hence, in the trades, one
   who  works  for  lower  wages than those prescribed by a trades union.
   [Cant]

     NOTE: &hand; "I t so  chanced that, not long after the accession of
     the  house  of  Hanover,  some  of the brown, that is the German or
     Norway,  rats,  were  first  brought  over to this country (in some
     timber  as  is  said);  and being much stronger than the black, or,
     till  then,  the common, rats, they in many places quite extirpated
     the latter. The word (both the noun and the verb to rat) was first,
     as  we  have  seen,  leveled  at  the converts to the government of
     George  the  First, but has by degrees obtained a wide meaning, and
     come to be applied to any sudden and mercenary change in politics."
     Lord Mahon.

   Bamboo  rat  (Zo\'94l.),  any  Indian rodent of the genus Rhizomys. --
   Beaver rat, Coast rat. (Zo\'94l.) See under Beaver and Coast. -- Blind
   rat  (Zo\'94l.), the mole rat. -- Cotton rat (Zo\'94l.), a long-haired
   rat  (Sigmodon  hispidus),  native  of  the Southern United States and
   Mexico.  It  makes  its  nest  of cotton and is often injurious to the
   crop.  --  Ground  rat. See Ground Pig, under Ground. -- Hedgehog rat.
   See under Hedgehog. -- Kangaroo rat (Zo\'94l.), the potoroo. -- Norway
   rat  (Zo\'94l.),  the  common  brown  rat.  See  Rat.  -- Pouched rat.
   (Zo\'94l.) (a) See Pocket Gopher, under Pocket. (b) Any African rodent
   of  the  genus  Cricetomys.  Rat Indians (Ethnol.), a tribe of Indians
   dwelling  near  Fort Ukon, Alaska. They belong to Athabascan stock. --
   Rat mole. (Zo\'94l.) See Mole rat, under Mole. -- Rat pit, an inclosed
   space  into which rats are put to be killed by a dog for sport. -- Rat
   snake  (Zo\'94l.), a large colubrine snake (Ptyas mucosus) very common
   in India and Ceylon. It enters dwellings, and destroys rats, chickens,
   etc.  --  Spiny  rat (Zo\'94l.), any South America rodent of the genus
   Echinomys. -- To smell a rat. See under Smell. -- Wood rat (Zo\'94l.),
   any American rat of the genus Neotoma, especially N. Floridana, common
   in the Southern United States. Its feet and belly are white.

                                      Rat

   Rat, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Ratted; p. pr. & vb. n. Ratting.]

   1. In English politics, to desert one's party from interested motives;
   to forsake one's associates for one's own advantage; in the trades, to
   work for less wages, or on other conditions, than those established by
   a trades union.

     Coleridge  .  . . incurred the reproach of having ratted, solely by
     his inability to follow the friends of his early days. De Quincey.

   2.  To  catch  or  kill  rats.  <--  rat on (someone), to inform on an
   associate,to squeal. -->

                                     Rata

   Ra"ta  (?), n. [Maori.] (Bot.) A New Zealand forest tree (Metrosideros
   robusta), also, its hard dark red wood, used by the Maoris for paddles
   and war clubs.

                                  Ratability

   Rat`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being ratable.

                                    Ratable

   Rat"a*ble (?), a.

   1. Capable of being rated, or set at a certain value.

     Twenty or\'91 were ratable to [at] two marks of silver. Camden.

   2. Liable to, or subjected by law to, taxation; as, ratable estate.

   3.   Made   at   a   proportionate  rate;  as,  ratable  payments.  --
   Rat"a*ble*ness, n. -- Rat"a*bly, adv.

                                    Ratafia

   Rat`a*fi"a  (?),  n. [F., fr. Malay arak arrack + t\'bef\'c6a a spirit
   distilled  from  molasses.]  A  spirituous  liquor  flavored  with the
   kernels  of  cherries,  apricots, peaches, or other fruit, spiced, and
   sweetened  with sugar; -- a term applied to the liqueurs called noyau,
   cura&cced;ao, etc. [Written also ratifia and ratafee.]

                                     Ratan

   Ra*tan" (?), n. See Rattan.

                                    Ratany

   Rat"a*ny (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Rhatany.

                                   Rataplan

   Ra`ta`plan"  (?), n. [F.] The iterative sound of beating a drum, or of
   a galloping horse.

                                     Ratch

   Ratch (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Rotche.

                                     Ratch

   Ratch  (?), n. [See Rack the instrument, Ratchet.] A ratchet wheel, or
   notched bar, with which a pawl or chick works.

                                    Ratchel

   Ratch"el (?), n. Gravelly stone. [Prov. Eng.]

                                    Ratchet

   Ratch"et  (?),  n.  [Properly a diminutive from the same word as rack:
   cf. F. rochet. See 2d Ratch, Rack the instrument.]

   1.  A  pawl,  click,  or  detent,  for holding or propelling a ratchet
   wheel, or ratch, etc.

   2.  A  mechanism  composed of a ratchet wheel, or ratch, and pawl. See
   Ratchet wheel, below, and 2d Ratch.
   Ratchet brace (Mech.), a boring brace, having a ratchet wheel and pawl
   for rotating the tool by back and forth movements of the brace handle.
   --  Ratchet  drill,  a  portable  machine for working a drill by hand,
   consisting of a hand lever carrying at one end a drill holder which is
   revolved  by  means of a ratchet wheel and pawl, by swinging the lever
   back  and  forth.  --  Ratchet  wheel (Mach.), a circular wheel having
   teeth,  usually  angular,  with  which a reciprocating pawl engages to
   turn  the  wheel forward, or a stationary pawl to hold it from turning
   backward. <-- illustr. Ratchet wheel and ilustr. of ratchet drill -->

     NOTE: &hand; In the cut, the moving pawl c slides over the teeth in
     one direction, but in returning, draws the wheel with it, while the
     pawl d prevents it from turning in the contrary direction.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1191

                                     Rate

   Rate  (?), v. t. & i. [Perh. fr. E. rate, v. t., to value at a certain
   rate,  to  estimate,  but  more  prob.  fr. Sw. rata to find fault, to
   blame,  to  despise,  to  hold  cheap;  cf.  Icel.  hrat refuse, hrati
   rubbish.]  To  chide  with  vehemence; to scold; to censure violently.
   Spencer.

     Go, rate thy minions, proud, insulting boy! Shak.

     Conscience is a check to beginners in sin, reclaiming them from it,
     and rating them for it. Barrow.

                                     Rate

   Rate  (?),  n. [OF., fr. L. rata (sc. pars), fr. ratus reckoned, fixed
   by calculation, p. p. of reri to reckon, to calculate. Cf. Reason.]

   1. Established portion or measure; fixed allowance.

     The  one  right  feeble through the evil rate, Of food which in her
     duress she had found. Spenser.

   2.  That  which  is  established  as  a  measure or criterion; degree;
   standard;  rank;  proportion; ratio; as, a slow rate of movement; rate
   of interest is the ratio of the interest to the principal, per annum.

     Heretofore  the rate and standard of wit was different from what it
     is nowadays. South.

     In  this  did  his holiness and godliness appear above the rate and
     pitch of other men's, in that he was so . . . merciful. Calamy.

     Many  of  the  horse could not march at that rate, nor come up soon
     enough. Clarendon.

   3.  Variation;  prise fixed with relation to a standard; cost; charge;
   as, high or low rates of transportation.

     They come at dear rates from Japan. Locke.

   4.  A  tax  or  sum  assessed by authority on property for public use,
   according  to  its income or value; esp., in England, a local tax; as,
   parish rates; town rates.

   5. Order; arrangement. [Obs.]

     Thus sat they all around in seemly rate. Spenser.

   6. Ratification; approval. [R.] Chapman.

   7.  (Horol.)  The  gain  or loss of a timepiece in a unit of time; as,
   daily rate; hourly rate; etc.

   8.  (Naut.)  (a)  The  order  or  class to which a war vessel belongs,
   determined  according  to  its  size,  armament, etc.; as, first rate,
   second  rate,  etc.  (b)  The  class  of  a merchant vessel for marine
   insurance,  determined  by  its  relative safety as a risk, as A1, A2,
   etc.

                                     Rate

   Rate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Rated; p. pr. & vb. n. Rating.]

   1.  To  set  a  certain  estimate  on;  to value at a certain price or
   degree.

     To  rate  a  man by the nature of his companions is a rule frequent
     indeed, but not infallible. South.

     You seem not high enough your joys to rate. Dryden.

   2. To assess for the payment of a rate or tax.

   3.  To  settle  the  relative scale, rank, position, amount, value, or
   quality of; as, to rate a ship; to rate a seaman; to rate a pension.

   4. To ratify. [Obs.] "To rate the truce." Chapman.
   To rate a chronometer, to ascertain the exact rate of its gain or loss
   as  compared with true time, so as to make an allowance or computation
   depended thereon. Syn. -- To value; appraise; estimate; reckon.

                                     Rate

   Rate, v. i.

   1.  To  be  set  or  considered in a class; to have rank; as, the ship
   rates as a ship of the line.

   2. To make an estimate.

                                   Rateable

   Rate"a*ble (?), a. See Ratable.

                                     Ratel

   Ra"tel  (?),  n. [F.] (Zo\'94l.) Any carnivore of the genus Mellivora,
   allied to the weasels and the skunks; -- called also honey badger.

     NOTE: &hand; Se veral sp ecies ar e kn own in Africa and India. The
     Cape  ratel  (M. Capensis) and the Indian ratel (M. Indica) are the
     best  known.  The back is gray; the lower parts, face, and tail are
     black. They are fond of honey, and rob the nests of wild bees.

                                   Ratepayer

   Rate"pay`er (?), n. One who pays rates or taxes.

                                     Rater

   Rat"er (?), n. One who rates or estimates.

                                     Rater

   Rat"er, n. One who rates or scolds.

                                    Ratfish

   Rat"fish` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Rat-tail.

                                     Rath

   Rath (?), n. [Ir. rath.]

   1. A hill or mound. [Ireland] Spencer.

   2. A kind of ancient fortification found in Ireland.

                                  Rath, Rathe

   Rath,  Rathe  (?),  a.  [AS.  hr\'91\'eb, hr\'91d, quick, akin to OHG.
   hrad, Icel. hra\'ebr.] Coming before others, or before the usual time;
   early. [Obs. or Poetic]

     Bring the rathe primrose that forsaken dies. Milton.

                                  Rath, Rathe

   Rath, Rathe, adv. Early; soon; betimes. [Obs. or Poetic]

     Why rise ye up so rathe? Chaucer.

     Too rathe cut off by practice criminal. Spencer.

                                    Rather

   Rath"er (?), a. [Compar. of Rath, a.] Prior; earlier; former. [Obs.]

     Now no man dwelleth at the rather town. Sir J. Mandeville.

                                    Rather

   Rath"er  (?),  adv.  [AS. hra\'ebor, compar. of hra\'ebe, hr\'91\'ebe,
   quickly, immediately. See Rath, a.]

   1. Earlier; sooner; before. [Obs.]

     Thou shalt, quod he, be rather false than I. Chaucer.

     A good mean to come the rather to grace. Foxe.

   2. More readily or willingly; preferably.

     My soul chooseth . . . death rather than my life. Job vii. 15.

   3.  On  the other hand; to the contrary of what was said or suggested;
   instead.

     Was nothing bettered, but rather grew worse. Mark v. 26.

   4.  Of  two  alternatives  conceived  of, by preference to, or as more
   likely than, the other; somewhat.

     He  sought  throughout  the  world, but sought in vain, And nowhere
     finding, rather feared her slain. Dryden.

   5. More properly; more correctly speaking.

     This  is  an  art Which does mend nature, change it rather, but The
     art itself is nature. Shak.

   6.  In some degree; somewhat; as, the day is rather warm; the house is
   rather damp.
   The rather, the more so; especially; for better reason; for particular
   cause.

     You  are come to me in happy time, The rather for I have some sport
     in hand. Shak.

   --  Had rather, OR Would rather, prefer to; prefers to; as, he had, OR
   would,  rather  go  than  stay. "I had rather speak five words with my
   understanding  than  ten thousands words in an unknown tongue." 1 Cor.
   xiv. 19. See Had rather, under Had.

                                   Rathripe

   Rath"ripe` (?), a. Rareripe, or early ripe. -- n. A rareripe. [Obs. or
   Prov. Eng.]

     Such who delight in rathripe fruits. Fuller.

                                 Ratification

   Rat`i*fi*ca"tion  (?), n. [Cf. F. ratification.] The act of ratifying;
   the   state   of  being  ratified;  confirmation;  sanction;  as,  the
   ratification of a treaty.

                                   Ratifier

   Rat"i*fi`er  (?),  n.  One  who, or that which, ratifies; a confirmer.
   Shak.

                                    Ratify

   Rat"i*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Ratified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ratifying (?).] [F. ratifier, fr. L. ratus fixed by calculation, firm,
   valid + -ficare (in comp.) to make. See Rate, n., and -fy.] To approve
   and  sanction;  to make valid; to establish; to settle; especially, to
   give  sanction  to,  as  something done by an agent or servant; as, to
   ratify an agreement, treaty, or contract; to ratify a nomination.

     It  is  impossible  for  the divine power to set a seal to a lie by
     ratifying an imposture with such a miracle. South.

                                 Ratihabition

   Rat`i*ha*bi"tion  (?), n. [L. ratihabitio; ratus fixed, valid + habere
   to  hold.]  Confirmation  or  approbation,  as  of an act or contract.
   [Obs.] Jer. Tailor.

                                     Ratio

   Ra"ti*o  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr.  reri,  ratus, to reckon, believe, think,
   judge. See Reason.]

   1. (Math.) The relation which one quantity or magnitude has to another
   of  the  same kind. It is expressed by the quotient of the division of
   the  first by the second; thus, the ratio of 3 to 6 is expressed by or
   ;  of  a  to  b  by  a/b;  or  (less  commonly) the second is made the
   dividend; as, a:b = b/a.

     NOTE: &hand; So me wr iters co nsider ratio as the quotient itself,
     making  ratio  equivalent  to  a  number.  The  term  ratio is also
     sometimes applied to the difference of two quantities as well as to
     their  quotient,  in  which  case the former is called arithmetical
     ratio,  the  latter, geometrical ratio. The name ratio is sometimes
     given to the rule of three in arithmetic. See under Rule.

   2.  Hence,  fixed  relation  of  number,  quantity,  or  degree; rate;
   proportion; as, the ratio of representation in Congress.
   Compound  ratio,  Duplicate  ratio,  Inverse  ratio,  etc.  See  under
   Compound,  Duplicate,  etc. -- Ratio of a geometrical progression, the
   constant  quantity  by  which  each  term is multiplied to produce the
   succeeding one.

                                  Ratiocinate

   Ra`ti*oc"i*nate (?), v. i. [L. ratiocinatus, p. p. of ratiocinari, fr.
   ratio reason. See Ratio.] To reason, esp. deductively; to offer reason
   or argument.

                                 Ratiocination

   Ra`ti*oc"i*na"tion  (?),  n.  [L. ratiocinatio: cf. F. ratiocination.]
   The  process  of  reasoning,  or  deducing  conclusions from premises;
   deductive reasoning.

                                 Ratiocinative

   Ra`ti*oc"i*na*tive  (?),  a. [L. ratiocinativus.] Characterized by, or
   addicted   to,   ratiocination;   consisting   in  the  comparison  of
   proportions  or  facts,  and  the  deduction  of  inferences  from the
   comparison; argumentative; as, a ratiocinative process.

     The ratiocinative meditativeness of his character. Coleridge.

                                 Ratiocinatory

   Ra`ti*oc"i*na*to*ry (?), a. Ratiocinative. [R.]

                                    Ration

   Ra"tion  (?), n. [F., fr. L. ratio a reckoning, calculation, relation,
   reference, LL. ratio ration. See Ratio.]

   1.  A fixed daily allowance of provisions assigned to a soldier in the
   army, or a sailor in the navy, for his subsistence.

     NOTE: &hand; Of ficers ha ve se veral ra tions, th e number varying
     according to their rank or the number of their attendants.

   2.  Hence,  a certain portion or fixed amount dealt out; an allowance;
   an allotment.

                                    Ration

   Ra"tion, v. t. To supply with rations, as a regiment.

                                   Rational

   Ra"tion*al  (?),  a.  [L.  rationalis:  cf.  F.  rationnel. See Ratio,
   Reason, and cf. Rationale.]

   1. Relating to reason; not physical; mental.

     Moral  philosophy  was  his  chiefest  end;  for  the rational, the
     natural,  and  mathematics  .  .  .  were  but  simple  pastimes in
     comparison of the other. Sir T. North.

   2.  Having reason, or the faculty of reasoning; endowed with reason or
   understanding; reasoning.

     It is our glory and happiness to have a rational nature. Law.

   3.   Agreeable  to  reason;  not  absurd,  preposterous,  extravagant,
   foolish, fanciful, or the like; wise; judicious; as, rational conduct;
   a rational man.

   4. (Chem.) Expressing the type, structure, relations, and reactions of
   a compound; graphic; -- said of formul\'91. See under Formula.
   Rational  horizon.  (Astron.) See Horizon, 2 (b). -- Rational quantity
   (Alg.  ), one that can be expressed without the use of a radical sign,
   or  in  extract  parts  of  unity; -- opposed to irrational or radical
   quantity.  --  Rational symptom (Med.), one elicited by the statements
   of   the  patient  himself  and  not  as  the  result  of  a  physical
   examination.  <--  rational  drug  design.  -->  Syn.  -- Sane; sound;
   intelligent;  reasonable;  sensible;  wise;  discreet;  judicious.  --
   Rational, reasonable. Rational has reference to reason as a faculty of
   the  mind,  and  is  opposed  to  traditional; as, a rational being, a
   rational  state  of  mind,  rational  views,  etc.  In these cases the
   speculative  reason  is more particularly, referred to. Reasonable has
   reference  to the exercise of this faculty for practical purposes, and
   means,  governed  or  directed  by  reason; as, reasonable prospect of
   success. 

     What   higher  in  her  society  thou  find'st  Attractive,  human,
     rational, love still. Milton.

     A  law  may  be reasonable in itself, although a man does not allow
     it, or does not know the reason of the lawgivers. Swift.

                                   Rational

   Ra"tion*al, n. A rational being. Young.

                                   Rationale

   Ra`tion*a"le  (?),  n.  [L. rationalis, neut. rationale. See Rational,
   a.]  An  explanation  or exposition of the principles of some opinion,
   action,   hypothesis,   phenomenon,  or  like;  also,  the  principles
   themselves.

                                  Rationalism

   Ra"tion*al*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. rationalisme.]

   1. (Theol.) The doctrine or system of those who deduce their religious
   opinions  from  reason  or  the  understanding,  as  distinct from, or
   opposed to, revelation.

   2. (Philos.) The system that makes rational power the ultimate test of
   truth;  --  opposed  to sensualism, or sensationalism, and empiricism.
   Fleming.

                                  Rationalist

   Ra"tion*al*ist,  n. [Cf. F. rationaliste.] One who accepts rationalism
   as  a  theory  or  system;  also, disparagingly, a false reasoner. See
   Citation under Reasonist.

                        Rationalistic, Rationalistical

   Ra`tion*al*is"tic (?), Ra`tion*al*is"tic*al (?) a. Belonging to, or in
   accordance     with,     the    principles    of    rationalism.    --
   Ra`tion*al*is"tic*al*ly, adv.

                                  Rationality

   Ra`tion*al"i*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  -ties  (#). [F. rationalit\'82, or L.
   rationalitas.]  The quality or state of being rational; agreement with
   reason; possession of reason; due exercise of reason; reasonableness.

     When  God  has  made rationality the common portion of mankind, how
     came it to be thy inclosure? Gov. of Tongue.

     Well-directed  intentions,  whose  rationalities  will never bear a
     rigid examination. Sir T. Browne.

                                Rationalization

   Ra`tion*al*i*za"tion (?), n. The act or process of rationalizing.

                                  Rationalize

   Ra"tion*al*ize (?), v. t.

   1. To make rational; also, to convert to rationalism.

   2. To interpret in the manner of a rationalist.

   3. To form a rational conception of.

   4.   (Alg.)  To  render  rational;  to  free  from  radical  signs  or
   quantities.

                                  Rationalize

   Ra"tion*al*ize, v. i. To use, and rely on, reason in forming a theory,
   belief,  etc.,  especially  in matters of religion: to accord with the
   principles of rationalism.

     Theodore . . . is just considered the chief rationalizing doctor of
     antiquity. J. H. Newman.

                                  Rationally

   Ra"tion*al*ly, adv. In a rational manner.

                                 Rationalness

   Ra"tion*al*ness,   n.   The   quality  or  state  of  being  rational;
   rationality.

                                   Ratit\'91

   Ra*ti"t\'91  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr. L. ratis a raft; cf. L. ratitus
   marked  with  the  figure  of a raft.] (Zo\'94l.) An order of birds in
   which  the wings are small, rudimentary, or absent, and the breastbone
   is destitute of a keel. The ostrich, emu, and apteryx are examples.

                                   Ratitate

   Rat"i*tate (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Ratit\'91.

                                    Ratite

   Rat"ite  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Ratit\'91. -- n.
   One of the Ratit\'91.

                               Ratlines, ratlins

   Rat"lines,  rat"lins,  n. pl. [Of uncertain origin.] (Naut.) The small
   transverse  ropes  attached  to the shrouds and forming the steps of a
   rope ladder. [Written also ratlings, and rattlings.] Totten.

                                     Raton

   Rat"on (?), n. [Cf. Raccoon.] A small rat. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

                                    Ratoon

   Ra*toon" (?), n.

   1. Same as Rattoon, n.

   2. A rattan cane. [Obs.] Pepys.

                                    Ratoon

   Ra*toon", v. i. Same as Rattoon, v. i.

                                   Ratsbane

   Rats"bane (?), n. [Rat + bane.] Rat poison; white arsenic.

                                   Ratsbaned

   Rats"baned` (?), a. Poisoned by ratsbane.

                                   Rat-tail

   Rat"-tail`  (?),  a.  Like  a rat's tale in form; as, a rat-tail file,
   which is round, slender, and tapering. See Illust. of File.

                                   Rat-tail

   Rat"-tail`, n.

   1. (Far.) pl. An excrescence growing from the pastern to the middle of
   the shank of a horse.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The California chim\'91ra. See Chim\'91ra. (b) Any
   fish of the genus Macrurus. See Grenadier, 2.

                                  Rat-tailed

   Rat"-tailed` (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Having a long, tapering tail like that
   of a rat. Rat-tailed larva (Zo\'94l.), the larva of a fly of the genus
   Eristalis.  See  Eristalis.  --  Rat-tailed  serpent  (Zo\'94l.),  the
   fer-de-lance. -- Rat-tailed shrew (Zo\'94l.), the musk shrew.

                                    Rattan

   Rat*tan" (?), n. [Malay r&omac;tan.] [Written also ratan.] (Bot. ) One
   of  the long slender flexible stems of several species of palms of the
   genus  Calamus,  mostly  East  Indian,  though  some  are  African and
   Australian.  They  are  exceedingly  tough,  and  are used for walking
   sticks, wickerwork, chairs and seats of chairs, cords and cordage, and
   many other purposes.

                                    Ratteen

   Rat*teen"  (?),  n.  [F.  ratine.]  A  thick  woolen  stuff quilled or
   twilled.

                                    Ratten

   Rat"ten  (?),  v.  t. [Prov. E. ratten a rat, hence the verb literally
   means, to do mischief like a rat.] To deprive feloniously of the tools
   used  in  one's  employment (as by breaking or stealing them), for the
   purpose  of  annoying;  as,  to  ratten  a mechanic who works during a
   strike. [Trades-union Cant] J. McCarthy.

                                    Ratter

   Rat"ter (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, rats, as one who deserts his party.

   2.  Anything  which catches rats; esp., a dog trained to catch rats; a
   rat terrier. See Terrier.

                                   Rattinet

   Rat`ti*net" (?), n. A woolen stuff thinner than ratteen.

                                    Ratting

   Rat"ting (?), n.

   1. The conduct or practices of one who rats. See Rat, v. i., 1. Sydney
   Smith.

   2.  The  low sport of setting a dog upon rats confined in a pit to see
   how many he will kill in a given time.

                                    Rattle

   Rat"tle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Rattled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Rattling
   (?).]  [Akin  to  D.  ratelen, G. rasseln, AS. hr\'91tele a rattle, in
   hr\'91telwyrt rattlewort; cf. Gr. Rail a bird.]

   1. To make a quick succession of sharp, inharmonious noises, as by the
   collision  of  hard  and  not very sonorous bodies shaken together; to
   clatter.

     And the rude hail in rattling tempest forms. Addison.

     'T  was  but  the  wind, Or the car rattling o'er the stony street.
     Byron.
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   Page 1192

   2.  To  drive  or  ride  briskly,  so  as to make a clattering; as, we
   rattled along for a couple of miles. [Colloq.]

   3.  To  make  a  clatter  with  a  voice; to talk rapidly and idly; to
   clatter; -- with on or away; as, she rattled on for an hour. [Colloq.]

                                    Rattle

   Rat"tle (?), v. t.

   1.  To  cause  to  make a ratting or clattering sound; as, to rattle a
   chain.

   2. To assail, annoy, or stun with a ratting noise.

     Sound but another [drum], and another shall As loud as thine rattle
     the welkin's ear. Shak.

   3.  Hence, to disconcert; to confuse; as, to rattle one's judgment; to
   rattle a player in a game. [Colloq.]

   4. To scold; to rail at. L'Estrange.
   To  rattle  off.  (a)  To  tell glibly or noisily; as, to rattle off a
   story.  (b)  To rail at; to scold. "She would sometimes rattle off her
   servants sharply." Arbuthnot.
   
                                    Rattle
                                       
   Rat"tle, n.
   
   1. A rapid succession of sharp, clattering sounds; as, the rattle of a
   drum. Prior.
   
   2. Noisy, rapid talk.
   
     All  this  ado  about  the  golden  age  is but an empty rattle and
     frivolous conceit. Hakewill.

   3.  An  instrument  with  which a ratting sound is made; especially, a
   child's toy that rattle when shaken.

     The  rattles  of  Isis  and  the  cymbals of Brasilea nearly enough
     resemble each other. Sir W. Raleigh.

     Pleased with a rattle, tickled with a straw. Pope.

   4. A noisy, senseless talker; a jabberer.

     It  may seem strange that a man who wrote with so much perspicuity,
     vivacity,  and  grace, should have been, whenever he took a part in
     conversation, an empty, noisy, blundering rattle. Macaulay.

   5. A scolding; a sharp rebuke. [Obs.] Heylin.

   6.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  organ  of an animal having a structure adapted to
   produce a ratting sound.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ra ttle of  th e ra ttlesnake is  composed of the
     hardened terminal scales, loosened in succession, but not cast off,
     and  so  modified  in  form  as  to  make a series of loose, hollow
     joints.

   7.  The  noise  in  the  throat produced by the air in passing through
   mucus  which  the  lungs are unable to expel; -- chiefly observable at
   the  approach  of  death,  when  it  is  called  the death rattle. See
   R&acir;le.
   To  spring  a rattle, to cause it to sound. -- Yellow rattle (Bot.), a
   yellow-flowered  herb  (Rhinanthus  Crista-galli),  the  ripe seeds of
   which rattle in the inflated calyx.

                                   Rattlebox

   Rat"tle*box` (?), n.

   1. A toy that makes a rattle sound; a rattle.

   2.  (Bot.)  (a) An American herb (Crotalaria sagittalis), the seeds of
   which,  when  ripe,  rattle  in  the  inflated pod. (b) Any species of
   Crotalaria,   a   genus   of  yellow-flowered  herbs,  with  inflated,
   many-seeded pods.

                                Rattle-brained

   Rat"tle-brained` (?), a. Giddy; rattle-headed.

                                  Rattlehead

   Rat"tle*head` (?), n. An empty, noisy talker.

                                 Rattle-headed

   Rat"tle-head`ed, a. Noisy; giddy; unsteady.

                                  Rattlemouse

   Rat"tle*mouse` (?), n. A bat. [Obs.] Puttenham.

                                  Rattlepate

   Rat"tle*pate` (?), n. A rattlehead. C. Kingsley.

                                 Rattle-pated

   Rat"tle-pat`ed,  a.  Rattle-headed. "A noisy, rattle-pated fellow." W.
   Irving.

                                    Rattler

   Rat"tler (?), n. One who, or that which, rattles.

                                  Rattlesnake

   Rat"tle*snake`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  several species of
   venomous   American  snakes  belonging  to  the  genera  Crotalus  and
   Caudisona,  or  Sistrurus.  They  have  a series of horny interlocking
   joints  at  the  end of the tail which make a sharp ratting sound when
   shaken. The common rattlesnake of the Northern United States (Crotalus
   horridus),  and  the diamond rattlesnake of the south (C. adamanteus),
   are  the best known. See Illust. of Fang. <-- also called rattler, and
   C. adamateus, and C. atrox are also called the diamondback rattler, or
   diamondback.  -->  Ground  rattlesnake (Zo\'94l.), a small rattlesnake
   (Caudisona,  OR  Sistrurus,  miliaria)  of the Southern United States,
   having  a  small  rattle.  It  has  nine  large scales on its head. --
   Rattlesnake   fern   (Bot.),   a   common  American  fern  (Botrychium
   Virginianum)  having  a triangular decompound frond and a long-stalked
   panicle  of  spore  cases  rising  from  the  middle  of the frond. --
   Rattlesnake   grass   (Bot.),  a  handsome  American  grass  (Glyceria
   Canadensis)  with  an  ample  panicle of rather large ovate spikelets,
   each  one  composed  of  imbricated  parts and slightly resembling the
   rattle   of  the  rattlesnake.  Sometimes  called  quaking  grass.  --
   Rattlesnake  plantain  (Bot.), See under Plantain. -- Rattlesnake root
   (Bot.),  a  name  given  to  certain American species of the composite
   genus  Prenanthes  (P.  alba and P. serpentaria), formerly asserted to
   cure  the  bite  of the rattlesnake. Calling also lion's foot, gall of
   the  earth,  and  white  lettuce. -- Rattlesnake's master (Bot.) (a) A
   species  of  Agave  (Agave  Virginica)  growing in the Southern United
   States.  (b)  An  umbelliferous  plant  (Eryngium yucc\'91folium) with
   large  bristly-fringed  linear  leaves.  (c)  A  composite  plant, the
   blazing  star (Liatris squarrosa). -- Rattlesnake weed (Bot.), a plant
   of  the  composite  genus Hieracium (H. venosum); -- probably so named
   from its spotted leaves. See also Snakeroot.

                                  Rattletrap

   Rat"tle*trap`  (?),  n.  Any  machine  or  vehicle  that  does not run
   smoothly. [Colloq.] A. Trollope.

                                  Rattleweed

   Rat"tle*weed`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) Any plant of the genus Astragalus. See
   Milk vetch.

                                  Rattlewings

   Rat"tle*wings` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The golden-eye.

                                  Rattlewort

   Rat"tle*wort` (?), n. [AS. hr\'91telwyrt.] (Bot.) Same as Rattlebox.

                                   Rattlings

   Rat"tlings (?), n. pl. (Naut.) Ratlines.

                                    Rattoon

   Rat*toon" (?), n. [Sp. reto\'a4o.] One of the stems or shoots of sugar
   cane  of  the  second  year's  growth  from  the  root,  or later. See
   Plant-cane.

                                    Rattoon

   Rat*toon",  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Rattooned  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Rattooning.]  [Cf.  Sp.  reto\'a4ar.]  To sprout or spring up from the
   root, as sugar cane of the previous year's planting.

                                    Raucid

   Rau"cid  (?), a. [L. raucus hoarse; cf. LL. raucidus.] Hoarse; raucous
   [R.] Lamb.

                                    Raucity

   Rau"ci*ty   (?),   n.   [L.  rausitas,  from  raucus  hoarse:  cf.  F.
   raucit\'82.]  Harshness of sound; rough utterance; hoarseness; as, the
   raucity of a trumpet, or of the human voice.

                                    Raucous

   Rau"cous  (?),  a.  [L.  raucus.] Hoarse; harsh; rough; as, a raucous,
   thick tone. "His voice slightly raucous." Aytoun. -- Rau"cous*ly, adv.

                                    Raught

   Raught (?), obs. imp. & p. p. of Reach. Shak.

                                    Raught

   Raught, obs. imp. & p. p. of Reck. Chaucer.

                                    Raunch

   Raunch (?), v. t. See Ranch. Spenser.

                                   Raunsoun

   Raun*soun" (?), n. Ransom. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Ravage

   Rav"age  (?;  48),  n.  [F., fr. (assumed) L. rapagium, rapaticum, fr.
   rapere  to  carry  off  by  force,  to ravish. See Rapacious, Ravish.]
   Desolation  by  violence;  violent  ruin  or destruction; devastation;
   havoc;  waste;  as,  the  ravage  of  a  lion;  the ravages of fire or
   tempest; the ravages of an army, or of time. <-- ravages of time -->

     Would  one think 't were possible for love To make such ravage in a
     noble soul? Addison.

   Syn. -- Despoilment; devastation; desolation; pillage; plunder; spoil;
   waste; ruin.

                                    Ravage

   Rav"age,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Ravaged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Ravaging
   (?).]  [F. ravager. See Ravage, n.] To lay waste by force; to desolate
   by  violence;  to  commit  havoc  or  devastation  upon;  to spoil; to
   plunder; to consume.

     Already C\'91sar Has ravaged more than half the globe. Addison.

     His lands were daily ravaged, his cattle driven away. Macaulay.

   Syn.   --  To  despoil;  pillage;  plunger;  sack;  spoil;  devastate;
   desolate; destroy; waste; ruin.

                                    Ravager

   Rav"a*ger  (?),  n.  One  who,  or  that which, ravages or lays waste;
   spoiler.

                                     Rave

   Rave,  n.  [Prov.  E.  raves,  or rathes, a frame laid on a wagon, for
   carrying  hay,  etc.]  One  of the upper side pieces of the frame of a
   wagon body or a sleigh.

                                     Rave

   Rave  (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Raved (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Raving.] [F.
   r\'88ver  to rave, to be delirious, to dream; perhaps fr. L. rabere to
   rave, rage, be mad or furious. Cf. Rage, Reverie.]

   1.  To  wander  in  mind or intellect; to be delirious; to talk or act
   irrationally; to be wild, furious, or raging, as a madman.

     In our madness evermore we rave. Chaucer.

     Have I not cause to rave and beat my breast? Addison.

     The  mingled  torrent  of redcoats and tartans went raving down the
     valley to the gorge of Kiliecrankie. Macaulay.

   2. To rush wildly or furiously. Spencer.

   3.  To  talk  with  unreasonable  enthusiasm  or  excessive passion or
   excitement;  --  followed  by about, of, or on; as, he raved about her
   beauty.

     The  hallowed  scene Which others rave on, though they know it not.
     Byron.

                                     Rave

   Rave,  v. t. To utter in madness or frenzy; to say wildly; as, to rave
   nonsense. Young.

                                   Ravehook

   Rave"hook  (?),  n.  (Shipbuilding)  A  tool,  hooked  at the end, for
   enlarging or clearing seams for the reception of oakum.

                                     Ravel

   Rav"el  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Raveled (?) or Ravelled; p. pr. & vb.
   n. Raveling or Ravelling.] [. ravelen, D. rafelen, akin to LG. rebeln,
   rebbeln, reffeln.]

   1.  To  separate or undo the texture of; to take apart; to untwist; to
   unweave  or unknit; -- often followed by out; as, to ravel a twist; to
   ravel out a sticking.<-- = to unravel? -->

     Sleep, that knits up the raveled sleave of care. Shak.

   2. To undo the intricacies of; to disentangle.

   3.  To pull apart, as the threads of a texture, and let them fall into
   a tangled mass; hence, to entangle; to make intricate; to involve.

     What  glory's  due to him that could divide Such raveled interests?
     has he not untied? Waller.

     The faith of very many men seems a duty so weak and indifferent, is
     so  often  untwisted  by violence, or raveled and entangled in weak
     discourses! Jer. Taylor.

                                     Ravel

   Rav"el, v. i.

   1.  To become untwisted or unwoven; to be disentangled; to be relieved
   of intricacy.

   2. To fall into perplexity and confusion. [Obs.]

     Till,  by  their  own perplexities involved, They ravel more, still
     less resolved. Milton.

   3. To make investigation or search, as by picking out the threads of a
   woven pattern. [Obs.]

     The humor of raveling into all these mystical or entangled matters.
     Sir W. Temple.

                                    Raveler

   Rav"el*er (?), n. [Also raveller.] One who ravels.

                                    Ravelin

   Rave"lin  (?),  n.  [F.;  cf.  Sp. rebellin, It. revellino, rivellino;
   perhaps  fr. L. re- again + vallum wall.] (Fort.) A detached work with
   two  embankments  with  make  a salient angle. It is raised before the
   curtain on the counterscarp of the place. Formerly called demilune and
   half-moon.

                                   Raveling

   Rav"el*ing (?), n. [Also ravelling.]

   1. The act of untwisting, or of disentangling.

   2. That which is raveled out; esp., a thread detached from a texture.

                                     Raven

   Ra"ven  (?),  n.  [AS.  hr\'91fn;  akin to raaf, G. rabe, OHG. hraban,
   Icel.  hrafn,  Dan.  ravn,  and perhaps to L. corvus, Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A
   large  black  passerine  bird (Corvus corax), similar to the crow, but
   larger. It is native of the northern part of Europe, Asia and America,
   and is noted for its sagacity. Sea raven (Zo\'94l.), the cormorant.

                                     Raven

   Ra"ven,  a.  Of  the  color  of the raven; jet black; as, raven curls;
   raven darkness. <-- raven-haired -->

                                     Raven

   Rav"en  (?),  n.  [OF. ravine impetuosity, violence, F. ravine ravine.
   See Ravine, Rapine.] [Written also ravin, and ravine.]

   1. Rapine; rapacity. Ray.

   2. Prey; plunder; food obtained by violence.

                                     Raven

   Rav"en,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Ravened (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Ravening.]
   [Written also ravin, and ravine.]

   1. To obtain or seize by violence. Hakewill.

   2. To devoir with great eagerness.

     Like rats that ravin down their proper bane. Shak.

                                     Raven

   Rav"en,  v.  i. To prey with rapacity; to be greedy; to show rapacity.
   [Written also ravin, and ravine.]

     Benjamin shall raven as a wolf. Gen. xlix. 27.

                                   Ravenala

   Rav`e*na"la  (?),  n.  [Malagasy.] (Bot.) A genus of plants related to
   the banana.

     NOTE: &hand; Ra venala Ma dagascariensis, the principal species, is
     an  unbranched tree with immense oarlike leaves growing alternately
     from  two  sides of the stem. The sheathing bases of the leafstalks
     collect  and  retain  rain  water, which flows freely when they are
     pierced with a knife, whence the plant is called traveller's tree.

                                    Ravener

   Rav"en*er (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, ravens or plunders. Gower.

   2. A bird of prey, as the owl or vulture. [Obs.] Holland.

                                   Ravening

   Rav"en*ing,  n.  Eagerness  for plunder; rapacity; extortion. Luke xi.
   39.

                                   Ravening

   Rav"en*ing,  a. Greedily devouring; rapacious; as, ravening wolves. --
   Rav"en*ing*ly, adv.

                                   Ravenous

   Rav"en*ous (?), a. [From 2d Raven.]

   1.  Devouring  with  rapacious  eagerness; furiously voracious; hungry
   even to rage; as, a ravenous wolf or vulture.

   2. Eager for prey or gratification; as, a ravenous appetite or desire.
   -- Rav"en*ous*ly, adv. -- Rav"en*ous*ness, n.

                                 Raven's-duck

   Ra"ven's-duck`  (?),  n.  [Cf.  G.  ravenstuch.]  A  fine  quality  of
   sailcloth. Ham. Nav. Encyc.

                                     Raver

   Rav"er (?), n. One who raves.

                                     Ravin

   Rav"in (?), n. Ravenous. [Obs.] Shak.

                                 Ravin, Ravine

   Rav"in,  Ravine  (?),  n.  [See  2d Raven.] Food obtained by violence;
   plunder; prey; raven. "Fowls of ravyne." Chaucer.

     Though  Nature, red in tooth and claw With ravine, shrieked against
     his creed. Tennyson.

   <-- famous quote from In memoriam, 56, st. 4 -->

                                 Ravin, Ravine

   Rav"in, Rav"ine, v. t. & i. See Raven, v. t. & i.

                                    Ravine

   Ra*vine"  (?),  n.  [F., a place excavated by a torrent, a ravine, fr.
   ravir  to  snatch  or  tear away, L. rapere; cf. L. rapina rapine. See
   Ravish, and cf. Rapine, Raven prey.]

   1. A torrent of water. [Obs.] Cotgrave.

   2.  A  deep  and narrow hollow, usually worn by a stream or torrent of
   water; a gorge; a mountain cleft.

                                    Raving

   Rav"ing (?), a. Talking irrationally and wildly; as, a raving lunatic.
   -- Rav"ing*ly, adv.

                                    Ravish

   Rav"ish  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Ravished (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ravishing.]  [OE.  ravissen, F. ravir, fr. L. rapere to snatch or tear
   away, to ravish. See Rapacious, Rapid, and -ish.]

   1. To seize and carry away by violence; to snatch by force.

     These  hairs  which thou dost ravish from my chin Will quicken, and
     accuse thee. Shak.

     This hand shall ravish thy pretended right. Dryden.

   2.  To transport with joy or delight; to delight to ecstasy. "Ravished
   . . . for the joy." Chaucer.

     Thou hast ravished my heart. Cant. iv. 9.

   3.  To  have  carnal  knowledge of (a woman) by force, and against her
   consent;  to  rape.  Shak.  Syn. -- To transport; entrance; enrapture;
   delight;  violate; deflour; force. <-- sic. "deflour" is given in this
   dict. as the preferred sp. of "deflower" -->

                                   Ravisher

   Rav"ish*er (?), n. One who ravishes (in any sense).

                                   Ravishing

   Rav"ish*ing, a. Rapturous; transporting.

                                  Ravishingly

   Rav"ish*ing*ly, adv. In a ravishing manner.

                                  Ravishment

   Rav"ish*ment (?), n. [F. ravissement. See Ravish.]

   1.  The  act  of carrying away by force or against consent; abduction;
   as,  the ravishment of children from their parents, or a ward from his
   guardian, or of a wife from her husband. Blackstone.

   2.  The  state  of  being  ravished;  rapture;  transport  of delight;
   ecstasy. Spencer.

     In  whose  sight  all  things joy, with ravishment Attracted by thy
     beauty still to gaze. Milton.

   3. The act of ravishing a woman; rape.

                                   Ravissant

   Rav"is*sant (?), a. [F.] (Her.) In a half-raised position, as if about
   to spring on prey.
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   Page 1193

                                      Raw

   Raw (?), a. [Compar Rawer (?); superl. Rawest.] [AS. hre\'a0w; akin to
   D.  raauw, LG. rau, G. roh, OHG. r&omac;, Icel. hr\'ber, Dan. raa, Sw.
   r\'86,  L.  crudus, Gr. kre`as flesh, Skr. kravis raw flesh. &root;18.
   Cf. Crude, Cruel.]

   1.  Not  altered from its natural state; not prepared by the action of
   heat; as, raw sienna; specifically, not cooked; not changed by heat to
   a state suitable for eating; not done; as, raw meat.

   2.   Hence:   Unprepared  for  use  or  enjoyment;  immature;  unripe;
   unseasoned;  inexperienced;  unpracticed; untried; as, raw soldiers; a
   raw recruit.

     Approved himself to the raw judgment of the multitude. De Quincey.

   3.  Not  worked  in  due form; in the natural state; untouched by art;
   unwrought.  Specifically:  (a)  Not  distilled;  as, raw water. [Obs.]
   Bacon.  (b) Not spun or twisted; as, raw silk or cotton. (c) Not mixed
   or  diluted;  as, raw spirits. (d) Not tried; not melted and strained;
   as,  raw  tallow.  (e)  Not  tanned;  as,  raw hides. (f) Not trimmed,
   covered,  or  folded under; as, the raw edge of a piece of metal or of
   cloth.

   4.  Not  covered; bare. Specifically: (a) Bald. [Obs.] "With scull all
   raw."  Spencer (b) Deprived of skin; galled; as, a raw sore. (c) Sore,
   as if by being galled.

     And  all  his  sinews waxen weak and raw Through long imprisonment.
     Spenser.

   5. Disagreeably damp or cold; chilly; as, a raw wind. "A raw and gusty
   day." Shak.
   Raw  material,  material  that has not been subjected to a (specified)
   process  of manufacture; as, ore is the raw material used in smelting;
   leather  is  the  raw  material of the shoe industry. -- Raw pig, cast
   iron as it comes from the smelting furnace.

                                      Raw

   Raw,  n.  A raw, sore, or galled place; a sensitive spot; as, to touch
   one on the raw.

     Like  savage  hackney  coachmen, they know where there is a raw. De
     Quincey.

                                    Rawbone

   Raw"bone` (?), a. Rawboned. [Obs.] Spencer.

                                   Rawboned

   Raw"boned`, a. Having little flesh on the bones; gaunt. Shak.

                                    Rawhead

   Raw"head`  (?),  n.  A  specter  mentioned  to  frighten children; as,
   rawhead and bloodybones.

                                    Rawhide

   Raw"hide`  (?),  n. A cowhide, or coarse riding whip, made of untanned
   (or raw) hide twisted.

                                    Rawish

   Raw"ish, a. Somewhat raw. [R.] Marston.

                                     Rawly

   Raw"ly, adv.

   1. In a raw manner; unskillfully; without experience.

   2. Without proper preparation or provision. Shak.

                                    Rawness

   Raw"ness, n. The quality or state of being raw.

                                      Ray

   Ray (?), v. t. [An aphetic form of array; cf. Beray.]

   1. To array. [Obs.] Sir T. More.

   2.  To  mark,  stain, or soil; to streak; to defile. [Obs.] "The fifth
   that did it ray." Spenser.

                                      Ray

   Ray, n. Array; order; arrangement; dress. [Obs.]

     And spoiling all her gears and goodly ray. Spenser.

                                      Ray

   Ray,  n.  [OF.  rai, F. rais, fr. L. radius a beam or ray, staff, rod,
   spoke of a wheel. Cf. Radius.]

   1.  One of a number of lines or parts diverging from a common point or
   center, like the radii of a circle; as, a star of six rays.

   2.  (Bot.)  A  radiating  part  of  the  flower or plant; the marginal
   florets  of  a compound flower, as an aster or a sunflower; one of the
   pedicels  of  an  umbel  or other circular flower cluster; radius. See
   Radius.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  One  of  the  radiating  spines,  or  cartilages,
   supporting  the  fins  of  fishes.  (b)  One  of  the spheromeres of a
   radiate, especially one of the arms of a starfish or an ophiuran.

   4.  (Physics) (a) A line of light or heat proceeding from a radiant or
   reflecting  point;  a  single  element  of  light  or  heat propagated
   continuously;  as,  a  solar  ray;  a  polarized  ray.  (b) One of the
   component elements of the total radiation from a body; any definite or
   limited  portion of the spectrum; as, the red ray; the violet ray. See
   Illust. under Light.

   5.  Sight;  perception;  vision; -- from an old theory of vision, that
   sight was something which proceeded from the eye to the object seen.

     All eyes direct their rays On him, and crowds turn coxcombs as they
     gaze. Pope.

   6. (Geom.) One of a system of diverging lines passing through a point,
   and  regarded  as  extending  indefinitely  in  both  directions.  See
   Half-ray.
   Bundle  of  rays.  (Geom.) See Pencil of rays, below. -- Extraordinary
   ray  (Opt.),  that  one  or  two  parts  of  a  ray  divided by double
   refraction  which  does  not follow the ordinary law of refraction. --
   Ordinary  ray  (Opt.)  that  one  of the two parts of a ray divided by
   double   refraction  which  follows  the  usual  or  ordinary  law  of
   refraction.  --  Pencil of rays (Geom.), a definite system of rays. --
   Ray  flower,  OR Ray floret (Bot.), one of the marginal flowers of the
   capitulum in such composite plants as the aster, goldenrod, daisy, and
   sunflower.  They  have  an  elongated, strap-shaped corolla, while the
   corollas  of the disk flowers are tubular and five-lobed. -- Ray point
   (Geom.),  the  common  point  of a pencil of rays. -- R\'94ntgen ray (
   (Phys.),  a  kind  of  ray generated in a very highly exhausted vacuum
   tube  by  the  electrical  discharge. It is capable of passing through
   many   bodies   opaque   to  light,  and  producing  photographic  and
   fluorescent  effects  by  which  means  pictures  showing the internal
   structure   of   opaque  objects  are  made,  called  radiographs,  or
   sciagraphs<--  or  X-ray  photographs,  radiograms,  or X-rays -->. So
   called from the discoverer, W. C. R\'94ntgen. -- X ray, the R\'94ntgen
   ray;  --  so  called  by  its  discoverer  because  of its enigmatical
   character, x being an algebraic symbol for an unknown quantity.
   
                                      Ray
                                       
   Ray,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Rayed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Raying.] [Cf. OF.
   raier,  raiier,  rayer,  L. radiare to irradiate. See Ray, n., and cf.
   Radiate.]
   
   1. To mark with long lines; to streak. [Obs.] Chaucer.
   
   2.  [From  Ray, n.] To send forth or shoot out; to cause to shine out;
   as, to ray smiles. [R.] Thompson.
   
                                      Ray
                                       
   Ray, v. t. To shine, as with rays. Mrs. Browning. 

                                      Ray

   Ray,  n.  [F.  raie,  L.  raia.  Cf. Roach.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any one of
   numerous  elasmobranch  fishes  of  the  order  Rai\'91, including the
   skates,  torpedoes,  sawfishes, etc. (b) In a restricted sense, any of
   the  broad, flat, narrow-tailed species, as the skates and sting rays.
   See  Skate.  Bishop  ray,  a  yellow-spotted,  long-tailed  eagle  ray
   (Stoasodon  n\'85rinari)  of  the  Southern United States and the West
   Indies.   --   Butterfly   ray,  a  short-tailed  American  sting  ray
   (Pteroplatea  Maclura), having very broad pectoral fins. -- Devil ray.
   See   Sea   Devil.   --  Eagle  ray,  any  large  ray  of  the  family
   Myliobatid\'91,   or  \'92tobatid\'91.  The  common  European  species
   (Myliobatis  aquila)  is called also whip ray, and miller. -- Electric
   ray,  or  Cramp ray, a torpedo. -- Starry ray, a common European skate
   (Raia  radiata).  -- Sting ray, any one of numerous species of rays of
   the family Trygonid\'91 having one or more large, sharp, barbed dorsal
   spines on the whiplike tail. Called also stingaree.

                                     Rayah

   Ra"yah  (?),  n.  [Ar. ra'iyah a herd, a subject, fr. ra'a to pasture,
   guard.]  A  person  not  a  Mohammedan,  who  pays the capitation tax.
   [Turkey.]

                                   Ray grass

   Ray"  grass`  (?)  [Etymol.  of  ray is uncertain.] (Bot.) A perennial
   European  grass  (Lolium  perenne);  -- called also rye grass, and red
   darnel. See Darnel, and Grass. Italian ray, OR rye, grass. See Darnel,
   and Grass.

                                    Rayless

   Ray"less  (?),  a.  Destitute  of  rays; hence, dark; not illuminated;
   blind; as, a rayless sky; rayless eyes.

                                     Rayon

   Ray"on  (?), n. [F.] Ray; beam. [Obs.] Spenser. <-- Rayon. A synthetic
   fiber, consisting of a polyamide -->

                                   Rayonnant

   Ray"on*nant (?), a. [F.] (Her.) Darting forth rays, as the sun when it
   shines out.

                                     Raze

   Raze  (?), n. [See Rack.] A Shakespearean word (used once) supposed to
   mean the same as race, a root.<-- Obs. -->

                                     Raze

   Raze,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Razed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Razing.] [F.
   raser. See Rase, v. t.] [Written also rase.]

   1. To erase; to efface; to obliterate.

     Razing the characters of your renown. Shak.

   2.  To  subvert  from the foundation; to lay level with the ground; to
   destroy; to demolish.

     The royal hand that razed unhappy Troy. Dryden.

   Syn.  --  To  demolish; level; prostrate; overthrow; subvert; destroy;
   ruin. See Demolish.

                                     Razed

   Razed  (?),  a. Slashed or striped in patterns. [Obs.] "Two Provincial
   roses on my razed shoes." Shak.

                                     Razee

   Ra*zee"  (?),  n. [F. vaisseau ras\'82, fr. raser to rase, to cut down
   ships.  See Raze, v. t., Rase, v. t.] (Naut.) An armed ship having her
   upper  deck cut away, and thus reduced to the next inferior rate, as a
   seventy-four cut down to a frigate. Totten.

                                     Razoe

   Ra*zoe", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Razeed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Razeeing.] To
   cut  down  to  a less number of decks, and thus to an inferior rate or
   glass,  as  a  ship;  hence,  to  prune  or  abridge by cutting off or
   retrenching parts; as, to razee a book, or an article.

                                     Razor

   Ra"zor  (?),  n. [OE. rasour, OF. rasur, LL. rasor: cf. F. rasoir, LL.
   rasorium. See Raze, v. t., Rase, v. t.]

   1. A keen-edged knife of peculiar shape, used in shaving the hair from
   the  face  or  the head. "Take thee a barber's rasor." <-- also called
   straight  razor  --> Ezek. v. 1. <-- (b) a similar device for shaving,
   with  a  replaceable  blade.  Also called safety razor. Also a similar
   device, made of plastic, in which the blade is neither replaceable nor
   can  be  sharpened,  intended to be discarded after the blade dulls --
   called a disposable razor. --> -->

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A task of a wild boar.
   Razor  fish.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) A small Mediterranean fish (Coryph\'91na
   novacula),  prized  for the table. (b) The razor shell. -- Razor grass
   (Bot.),  a  West  Indian plant (Scleria scindens), the triangular stem
   and  the  leaves  of which are edged with minute sharp teeth. -- Razor
   grinder   (Zo\'94l.),   the   European  goat-sucker.  --  Razor  shell
   (Zo\'94l.),  any  marine  bivalve  shell belonging to Solen and allied
   genera,  especially  Solen,  OR Ensatella, ensis, AND Americana, which
   have  a long, narrow, somewhat curved shell, resembling a razor handle
   in  shape.  Called also rasor clam, razor fish, knife handle. -- Razor
   stone.  Same as Novaculite. -- Razor strap, OR razor strop, a strap or
   strop  used  in  sharpening razors.<-- safety razor; disposable razor;
   electric razor -->

                                   Rasorable

   Ra"sor*a*ble (?), a. Ready for the razor; fit to be shaved. [R.] Shak.

                                   Razorback

   Ra"zor*back" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The rorqual.

                                 Razor-backed

   Ra"zor-backed"  (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Having a sharp, lean, or thin back;
   as, a razor-backed hog, perch, etc.

                                   Razorbill

   Ra"zor*bill  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  species of auk (Alca torda)
   common  in  the Arctic seas. See Auk, and Illust. in Appendix. (b) See
   Cutwater, 3.

                                    Razure

   Ra"zure (?), n. [See Rasure.]

   1.  The  act  of  erasing  or effacing, or the state of being effaced;
   obliteration. See Rasure.

   2. An erasure; a change made by erasing.

                                    Razzia

   Raz"zi*a  (?), n. [F., fr. Ar. gh\'bez\'c6a (pron. razia in Algeria).]
   A plundering and destructive incursion; a foray; a rai

                                      Re-

   Re-  (?).  [L.  re-,  older form (retained before vowels) red-: cf. F.
   re-,  r\'82-.]  A  prefix  signifying  back, against, again, anew; as,
   recline,  to lean back; recall, to call back; recede; remove; reclaim,
   to  call out against; repugn, to fight against; recognition, a knowing
   again;  rejoin,  to  join  again;  reiterate,  reassure.  Combinations
   containing  the  prefix  re-  are readily formed, and are for the most
   part of obvious signification.

                                      Re

   Re  (r&amac;).  [It.]  (Mus.) A syllable applied in solmization to the
   second tone of the diatonic scale of C; in the American system, to the
   second tone of any diatonic scale.

                                   Reabsorb

   Re`ab*sorb"  (?),  v. t. To absorb again; to draw in, or imbibe, again
   what  has  been  effused,  extravasated,  or thrown off; to swallow up
   again; as, to reabsorb chyle, lymph, etc.; -- used esp. of fluids.

                                 Reabsorption

   Re`ab*sorp"tion (?), n. The act or process of rearbsorbing.

                                   Reaccess

   Re`ac*cess" (?), n. A second access or approach; a return. Hakewill.

                                   Reaccuse

   Re"ac*cuse" (?), v. t. To accuse again. Cheyne.

                                     Reach

   Reach, n. An effort to vomit. [R.]

                                     Reach

   Reach,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Reached (?) (Raught, the old preterit, is
   obsolete);  p.  pr.  & vb. n. Reaching.] [OE. rechen, AS. r&aemac;can,
   r&aemac;cean,  to  extend, stretch out; akin to D. reiken, G. reichen,
   and possibly to AS. r\'c6ce powerful, rich, E. rich. &root;115.]

   1.  To  extend;  to stretch; to thrust out; to put forth, as a limb, a
   member, something held, or the like.

     Her  tresses yellow, and long straughten, Unto her heeles down they
     raughten. Rom. of R.

     Reach hither thy hand and thrust it into my side. John xx. 27.

     Fruit  trees,  over  woody,  reached too far Their pampered boughs.
     Milton.

   2.  Hence, to deliver by stretching out a member, especially the hand;
   to  give with the hand; to pass to another; to hand over; as, to reach
   one a book.

     He reached me a full cap. 2 Esd. xiv. 39.

   3.  To  attain or obtain by stretching forth the hand; too extend some
   part  of  the  body, or something held by one, so as to touch, strike,
   grasp,  or  the  like; as, to reach an object with the hand, or with a
   spear.

     O  patron power, . . . thy present aid afford, Than I may reach the
     beast. Dryden.

   4.  To  strike,  hit,  or tough with a missile; as, to reach an object
   with an arrow, a bullet, or a shell.

   5.  Hence,  to extend an action, effort, or influence to; to penetrate
   to; to pierce, or cut, as far as.

     If  these examples of grown men reach not the case of children, let
     them examine. Locke.

   6.  To  extend  to;  to  stretch  out as far as; to touch by virtue of
   extent; as, his hand reaches the river.

     Thy desire . . . leads to no excess That reaches blame. Milton.

   7.  To  arrive  at by effort of any kind; to attain to; to gain; to be
   advanced to.

     The   best  account  of  the  appearances  of  nature  which  human
     penetration can reach, comes short of its reality. Cheyne.

   9. To understand; to comprehend. [Obs.]

     Do what, sir? I reach you not. Beau. & Fl.

   10. To overreach; to deceive. [Obs.] South.

                                     Reach

   Reach, v. t.

   1. To stretch out the hand.

     Goddess humane, reach, then, and freely taste! Milton.

   2. To strain after something; to make efforts.

     Reaching above our nature does no good. Dryden.

   3.  To  extend in dimension, time, amount, action, influence, etc., so
   as to touch, attain to, or be equal to, something.

     And  behold, a ladder set upon the earth, and the top of it reached
     to heaven. Gen. xxviii. 12.

     The new world reaches quite across the torrid zone. Boyle.

   4.  (Naut.)  To  sail  on  the  wind,  as from one point of tacking to
   another, or with the ind nearly abeam.
   To reach after OR at, to make efforts to attain to or obtain.

     He would be in the mind reaching after a positive idea of infinity.
     Locke.

                                     Reach

   Reach, n.

   1. The act of stretching or extending; extension; power of reaching or
   touching  with the person, or a limb, or something held or thrown; as,
   the fruit is beyond my reach; to be within reach of cannon shot.

   2.  The power of stretching out or extending action, influence, or the
   like; power of attainment or management; extent of force or capacity.

     Drawn  by  others who had deeper reaches than themselves to matters
     which they least intended. Hayward.

     Be sure yourself and your own reach to know. Pope.

   3.  Extent;  stretch;  expanse; hence, application; influence; result;
   scope.

     And on the left hand, hell, With long reach, interposed. Milton.

     I  am to pray you not to strain my speech To grosser issues, nor to
     larger reach Than to suspicion. Shak.

   4. An extended portion of land or water; a stretch; a straight portion
   of a stream or river, as from one turn to another; a level stretch, as
   between  locks  in  a  canal;  an arm of the sea extending up into the
   land. "The river's wooded reach." Tennyson.

     The coast . . . is very full of creeks and reaches. Holland.

   5. An article to obtain an advantage.

     The  Duke  of  Parma  had  particular  reaches  and ends of his own
     underhand to cross the design. Bacon.

   6.  The  pole  or  rod  which  connects the hind axle with the forward
   bolster of a wagon.

                                   Reachable

   Reach"a*ble (?), a. Being within reach.

                                    Reacher

   Reach"er (?), n.

   1. One who reaches.

   2. An exaggeration. [Obs.] Fuller.

                                   Reachless

   Reach"less, a. Being beyond reach; lofty.

     Unto a reachless pitch of praises hight. Bp. Hall.

                                     React

   Re*act"  (?), v. t. To act or perform a second time; to do over again;
   as,  to  react  a  play;  the  same  scenes were reacted at Rome.<-- =
   re-enact? -->

                                     React

   Re*act" (?), v. i.

   1. To return an impulse or impression; to resist the action of another
   body  by  an  opposite  force;  as, every body reacts on the body that
   impels it from its natural state.
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   Page 1194

   2.  To  act  upon  each  other;  to exercise a reciprocal or a reverse
   effect, as two or more chemical agents; to act in opposition.

                                   Reaction

   Re*ac"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. r\'82action.]

   1.  Any  action  in resisting other action or force; counter tendency;
   movement in a contrary direction; reverse action.

   2.  (Chem.)  The  mutual  or reciprocal action of chemical agents upon
   each  other,  or  the action upon such chemical agents of some form of
   energy, as heat, light, or electricity, resulting in a chemical change
   in  one  or more of these agents, with the production of new compounds
   or the manifestation of distinctive characters. See Blowpipe reaction,
   Flame reaction, under Blowpipe, and Flame.

   3. (Med.) An action included by vital resistance to some other action;
   depression  or exhaustion of vital force consequent on overexertion or
   overstimulation;   heightened   activity   and  overaction  succeeding
   depression or shock.

   4.  (Mech.)  The force which a body subjected to the action of a force
   from  another  body  exerts  upon  the  latter  body  in  the opposite
   direction.

     Reaction  is  always  equal and opposite to action, that is to say,
     the  actions  of two bodies upon each other are always equal and in
     opposite directions. Sir I. Newton (3d Law of Motion).

   5.  (Politics) Backward tendency or movement after revolution, reform,
   or great progress in any direction.

     The  new king had, at the very moment at which his fame and fortune
     reached the highest point, predicted the coming reaction. Macaulay.

   Reaction  time  (Physiol.),  in nerve physiology, the interval between
   the  application  of  a  stimulus  to  an  end  organ of sense and the
   reaction  or resulting movement; -- called also physiological time. --
   Reaction wheel (Mech.), a water wheel driven by the reaction of water,
   usually  one in which the water, entering it centrally, escapes at its
   periphery  in a direction opposed to that of its motion by orifices at
   right angles, or inclined, to its radii.

                                  Reactionary

   Re*ac"tion*a*ry  (?),  a.  Being,  causing,  or favoring reaction; as,
   reactionary movements.

                                  Reactionary

   Re*ac"tion*a*ry,  n.; pl. Reactionaries (. One who favors reaction, or
   seeks to undo political progress or revolution.

                                  Reactionist

   Re*ac"tion*ist, n. A reactionary. C. Kingsley.

                                   Reactive

   Re*act`ive (?), a. [Cf. F. r\'82actif.] Having power to react; tending
   to  reaction;  of  the  nature  of reaction. -- Re*act"ive*ly, adv. --
   Re*act"ive*ness, n.

                                     Read

   Read (?), n. Rennet. See 3d Reed. [Prov. Eng.]

                                     Read

   Read (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Read (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Reading.] [OE.
   reden,  r\'91den,  AS.  r&aemac;dan  to  read,  advice,  counsel,  fr.
   r&aemac;d  advise,  counsel,  r&aemac;dan  (imperf.  reord) to advice,
   counsel,  guess;  akin  to D. raden to advise, G. raten, rathen, Icel.
   r\'be&edh;a,  Goth.  r&emac;dan  (in  comp.),  and  perh. also to Skr.
   r\'bedh to succeed. &root;116. Cf. Riddle.]

   1. To advise; to counsel. [Obs.] See Rede.

     Therefore,  I  read  thee,  get  to God's word, and thereby try all
     doctrine. Tyndale.

   2. To interpret; to explain; as, to read a riddle.

   3. To tell; to declare; to recite. [Obs.]

     But read how art thou named, and of what kin. Spenser.

   4.  To  go over, as characters or words, and utter aloud, or recite to
   one's  self  inaudibly;  to  take  in the sense of, as of language, by
   interpreting the characters with which it is expressed; to peruse; as,
   to  read  a  discourse;  to  read  the letters of an alphabet; to read
   figures; to read the notes of music, or to read music; to read a book.

     Redeth [read ye] the great poet of Itaille. Chaucer.

     Well could he rede a lesson or a story. Chaucer.

   5. Hence, to know fully; to comprehend.

     Who is't can read a woman? Shak.

   6.  To discover or understand by characters, marks, features, etc.; to
   learn by observation.

     An  armed  corse  did  lie,  In  whose  dead  face  he  read  great
     magnanimity. Spenser.

     Those  about  her  From  her  shall read the perfect ways of honor.
     Shak.

   7.  To  make a special study of, as by perusing textbooks; as, to read
   theology or law.
   To  read one's self in, to read about the Thirty-nine Articles and the
   Declaration  of  Assent,  --  required of a clergyman of the Church of
   England when he first officiates in a new benefice.

                                     Read

   Read, v. t.

   1. To give advice or counsel. [Obs.]

   2. To tell; to declare. [Obs.] Spenser.

   3.  To  perform the act of reading; to peruse, or to go over and utter
   aloud, the words of a book or other like document.

     So they read in the book of the law of God distinctly, and gave the
     sense. Neh. viii. 8.

   4. To study by reading; as, he read for the bar.

   5. To learn by reading.

     I  have  read  of  an  Eastern king who put a judge to death for an
     iniquitous sentence. Swift.

   6.  To  appear in writing or print; to be expressed by, or consist of,
   certain  words  or characters; as, the passage reads thus in the early
   manuscripts.

   7.  To  produce  a  certain  effect when read; as, that sentence reads
   queerly.
   To  read  between the lines, to infer something different from what is
   plainly  indicated;  to  detect the real meaning as distinguished from
   the apparent meaning.

                                     Read

   Read, n. [AS. r&aemac;d counsel, fr. r&aemac;dan to counsel. See Read,
   v. t.]

   1.  Saying;  sentence;  maxim; hence, word; advice; counsel. See Rede.
   [Obs.]

   2. [Read, v.] Reading. [Colloq.] Hume.

     One newswoman here lets magazines for a penny a read. Furnivall.

                                     Read

   Read (?), imp. & p. p. of Read, v. t. & i.

                                     Read

   Read  (?),  a.  Instructed  or  knowing  by  reading; versed in books;
   learned.

     A poet . . . well read in Longinus. Addison.

                                   Readable

   Read"a*ble (?), a. Such as can be read; legible; fit or suitable to be
   read;   worth   reading;   interesting.   --  Read"a*ble*ness,  n.  --
   Read"a*bly, adv,.

                                  Readability

   Read`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The state of being readable; readableness.

                                   Readdress

   Re`ad*dress"  (?),  v.  t.  To  address  a  second time; -- often used
   reflexively.

     He readdressed himself to her. Boyle.

                                    Readept

   Re`a*dept  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref. re- + L. adeptus. p. p. of adipisci to
   obtain.] To regain; to recover. [Obs.]

                                  Readeption

   Re`a*dep"tion  (?), n. A regaining; recovery of something lost. [Obs.]
   Bacon.

                                    Reader

   Read"er (?), n. [AS. r&aemac;dere.]

   1. One who reads. Specifically: (a) One whose distinctive office is to
   read  prayers  in  a  church. (b) (University of Oxford, Eng.) One who
   reads  lectures on scientific subjects. Lyell. (c) A proof reader. (d)
   One   who  reads  manuscripts  offered  for  publication  and  advises
   regarding their merit.

   2. One who reads much; one who is studious.

   3. A book containing a selection of extracts for exercises in reading;
   an elementary book for practice in a language; a reading book.

                                  Readership

   Read"er*ship, n. The office of reader. Lyell.

                                    Readily

   Read"i*ly (?), adv.

   1. In a ready manner; quickly; promptly. Chaucer.

   2.   Without   delay  or  objection;  without  reluctance;  willingly;
   cheerfully.

     How readily we wish time spent revoked! Cowper.

                                   Readiness

   Read"i*ness,  n.  The  state  or  quality of being ready; preparation;
   promptness; aptitude; willingness.

     They received the word with all readiness of mind. Acts xvii. 11.

   Syn.  --  Facility;  quickness;  expedition;  promptitude; promptness;
   aptitude;   aptness;   knack;   skill;  expertness;  dexterity;  ease;
   cheerfulness. See Facility.

                                    Reading

   Read"ing (?), n.

   1.  The act of one who reads; perusal; also, printed or written matter
   to be read.

   2.  Study  of  books;  literary  scholarship;  as,  a man of extensive
   reading.

   3. A lecture or prelection; public recital.

     The Jews had their weekly readings of the law. Hooker.

   4.  The  way  in  which  anything  reads;  force  of a word or passage
   presented by a documentary authority; lection; version.

   5.  Manner  of  reciting,  or  acting  a  part,  on  the stage; way of
   rendering. [Cant]

   6.  An  observation read from the scale of a graduated instrument; as,
   the reading of a barometer.
   Reading  of  a  bill  (Legislation), its normal recital, by the proper
   officer, before the House which is to consider it.

                                    Reading

   Read"ing, a.

   1. Of or pertaining to the act of reading; used in reading.

   2. Addicted to reading; as, a reading community.
   Reading  book, a book for teaching reading; a reader. -- Reading desk,
   a  desk  to  support  a  book  while  reading; esp., a desk used while
   reading  the  service in a church. -- Reading glass, a large lens with
   more  or  less  magnifying  power,  attached  to a handle, and used in
   reading,  etc.  --  Reading  man,  one  who  reads much; hence, in the
   English universities, a close, industrious student. -- Reading room, a
   room   appropriated   to   reading;   a  room  provided  with  papers,
   periodicals, and the like, to which persons resort.

                                   Readjourn

   Re`ad*journ" (?), v. t. To adjourn a second time; to adjourn again.

                                 Readjournment

   Re`ad*journ"ment (?), n. The act of readjourning; a second or repeated
   adjournment.

                                   Readjust

   Re`ad*just"  (?),  v.  t.  To  adjust  or  settle  again;  to put in a
   different order or relation; to rearrange.

                                  Readjuster

   Re`ad*just"er  (?),  n.  One who, or that which, readjusts; in some of
   the  States  of  the United States, one who advocates a refunding, and
   sometimes a partial repudiation, of the State debt without the consent
   of the State's creditors.

                                 Readjustment

   Re`ad*just"ment  (?),  n.  A  second  adjustment;  a  new or different
   adjustment.

                                  Readmission

   Re`ad*mis"sion  (?),  n.  The  act of admitting again, or the state of
   being  readmitted;  as,  the  readmission  fresh air into an exhausted
   receiver; the readmission of a student into a seminary.

                                    Readmit

   Re`ad*mit"  (?),  v.  t. To admit again; to give entrance or access to
   again.

     Whose  ear  is  ever  open,  and  his  eye  Gracious to readmit the
     suppliant. Milton.

                                 Readmittance

   Re`ad*mit"tance (?), n. Allowance to enter again; a second admission.

                                    Readopt

   Re`a*dopt" (?), v. t. To adopt again. Young.

                                    Readorn

   Re`a*dorn" (?), v. t. To adorn again or anew.

                                   Readvance

   Re`ad*vance" (?), v. i. To advance again.

                                 Readvertency

   Re`ad*vert"en*cy  (?),  n.  The  act  of  adverting  to  again,  or of
   reviewing. [R.] Norris.

                                     Ready

   Read"y   (?),   a.  [Compar.  Readier  (?);  superl.  Readiest.]  [AS.
   r&aemac;de;  akin  to  D.  gereed, bereid, G. bereit, Goth. gar\'a0ids
   fixed,  arranged,  and  possibly  to  E.  ride, as meaning originally,
   prepared for riding. Cf. Array, 1st Curry.]

   1.  Prepared  for  what  one is about to do or experience; equipped or
   supplied  with  what  is  needed  for  some act or event; prepared for
   immediate movement or action; as, the troops are ready to march; ready
   for the journey. "When she redy was." Chaucer.

   2.  Fitted or arranged for immediate use; causing no delay for lack of
   being prepared or furnished. "Dinner was ready." Fielding.

     My  oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come
     unto the marriage. Matt. xxii. 4.

   3.  Prepared  in  mind  or  disposition; not reluctant; willing; free;
   inclined; disposed.

     I  am ready not to be bound only, but also to die at Jerusalem, for
     the name of the Lord Jesus. Acts xxi. 13.

     If need be, I am ready to forego And quit. Milton.

   4.  Not slow or hesitating; quick in action or perception of any kind;
   dexterous;  prompt; easy; expert; as, a ready apprehension; ready wit;
   a ready writer or workman. "Ready in devising expedients." Macaulay.

     Gurth, whose temper was ready, through surly. Sir W. Scott.

   5.  Offering  itself  at  once;  at hand; opportune; convenient; near;
   easy. "The readiest way." Milton.

     A sapling pine he wrenched from out the ground, The readiest weapon
     that his fury found. Dryden.

   6.  On  the  point;  about;  on  the  brink; near; -- with a following
   infinitive.

     My heart is ready to crack. Shak.

   7.  (Mil.) A word of command, or a position, in the manual of arms, at
   which the piece is cocked and held in position to execute promptly the
   next command, which is, aim.
   All  ready,  ready  in  every particular; wholly equipped or prepared.
   "[I]  am  all  redy  at  your hest." Chaucer. -- Ready money, means of
   immediate  payment;  cash.  "'Tis  all the ready money fate can give."
   Cowley.   --  Ready  reckoner,  a  book  of  tables  for  facilitating
   computations,  as  of interest, prices, etc. -- To make ready, to make
   preparation; to get in readiness. Syn. -- Prompt; expeditious; speedy;
   unhesitating;  dexterous;  apt;  skilful; handy; expert; facile; easy;
   opportune;  fitted;  prepared;  disposed; willing; free; cheerful. See
   Prompt.

                                     Ready

   Read"y (?), adv. In a state of preparation for immediate action; so as
   to need no delay.

     We ourselves will go ready armed. Num. xxxii. 17.

                                     Ready

   Read"y,  n.  Ready  money;  cash;  --  commonly  with  the; as, he was
   supplied with the ready. [Slang]

     Lord Strut was not flush in ready, either to go to law, or to clear
     old debts. Arbuthnot.

                                     Ready

   Read"y, v. t. To dispose in order. [Obs.] Heywood.

                                  Ready-made

   Read"y-made`  (?),  a. Made already, or beforehand, in anticipation of
   need; not made to order; as, ready-made clothing; ready-made jokes.

                                 Ready-witted

   Read"y-wit`ted (?), a. Having ready wit.

                                   Reaffirm

   Re`af*firm" (?), v. t. To affirm again.

                          Reaffirmance, Reaffirmation

   Re`af*firm"ance (?), Re*af`fir*ma"tion (?) n. A second affirmation.

                                  Reafforest

   Re`af*for"est (?), v. t. To convert again into the forest, as a region
   of country.

                                Reafforestation

   Re`af*for`es*ta"tion  (?),  n.  The act or process of converting again
   into a forest.

                                    Reagent

   Re*a"gent  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  substance  capable  of producing with
   another a reaction, especially when employed to detect the presence of
   other bodies; a test.

                                 Reaggravation

   Re*ag`gra*va"tion  (?),  n.  (R.  C. Ch.) The last monitory, published
   after three admonitions and before the last excommunication.

                                    Reagree

   Re`a*gree" (?), v. t. To agree again.

                                     Reak

   Reak  (?),  n.  [Wrack  seaweed.]  A  rush. [Obs.] "Feeds on reaks and
   reeds." Drant.

                                     Reak

   Reak,  n.  [Cf.  Icel. hrekkr, or E. wreak vengeance.] A prank. [Obs.]
   "They play such reaks." Beau & Fl.

                                     Real

   Re"al (?), n. [Sp., fr. real royal, L. regalis. See Regal, and cf. Ree
   a coin.] A small Spanish silver coin; also, a denomination of money of
   account, formerly the unit of the Spanish monetary system.

     NOTE: &hand; A  re al of  plate (coin) varied in value according to
     the  time  of its coinage, from 12 down to 10 cents, or from 6 to 5
     pence  sterling.  The  real vellon, or money of account, was nearly
     equal  to  five  cents, or 2 pence sterling. In 1871 the coinage of
     Spain  was  assimilated  to  that  of the Latin Union, of which the
     franc is the unit.

                                     Real

   Re*al"  (?),  a.  Royal;  regal;  kingly.  [Obs.]  "The  blood real of
   Thebes." Chaucer.

                                     Real

   Re"al  (?),  a. [LL. realis, fr. L. res, rei, a thing: cf. F. r\'82el.
   Cf. Rebus.]

   1.  Actually  being  or  existing;  not fictitious or imaginary; as, a
   description of real life.

     Whereat  I waked, and found Before mine eyes all real, as the dream
     Had lively shadowed. Milton.

   2.  True;  genuine;  not artificial; counterfeit, or factitious; often
   opposed  to  ostensible;  as, the real reason; real Madeira wine; real
   ginger.<-- split reason from objects. -->

     Whose perfection far excelled Hers in all real dignity. Milton.

   5. Relating to things, not to persons. [Obs.]

     Many  are  perfect  in men's humors that are not greatly capable of
     the real part of business. Bacon.

   4.  (Alg.)  Having  an  assignable  arithmetical or numerical value or
   meaning; not imaginary.

   5.  (Law)  Pertaining  to things fixed, permanent, or immovable, as to
   lands  and  tenements; as, real property, in distinction from personal
   or movable property.
   Chattels real (Law), such chattels as are annexed to, or savor of, the
   realty, as terms for years of land. See Chattel. -- Real action (Law),
   an  action  for  the  recovery of real property. -- Real assets (Law),
   lands  or  real  estate  in the hands of the heir, chargeable with the
   debts  of  the ancestor. -- Real composition (Eccl. Law), an agreement
   made  between the owner of lands and the parson or vicar, with consent
   of  the  ordinary, that such lands shall be discharged from payment of
   tithes, in consequence of other land or recompense given to the parson
   in  lieu  and  satisfaction  thereof.  Blackstone.  --  Real estate OR
   property,  lands,  tenements, and hereditaments; freehold interests in
   landed  property;  property in houses and land. Kent. Burrill. -- Real
   presence  (R.  C.  Ch.),  the actual presence of the body and blood of
   Christ  in  the  eucharist,  or the conversion of the substance of the
   bread   and   wine   into   the   real   body  and  blood  of  Christ;
   transubstantiation.  In  other churches there is a belief in a form of
   real presence, not however in the sense of transubstantiation. -- Real
   servitude, called also Predial servitude (Civil Law), a burden imposed
   upon  one  estate  in  favor  of another estate of another proprietor.
   Erskine.  Bouvier.  Syn. -- Actual; true; genuine; authentic. -- Real,
   Actual.  Real  represents a thing to be a substantive existence; as, a
   real,  not  imaginary,  occurrence.  Actual  refers  to it as acted or
   performed;  and,  hence,  when we wish to prove a thing real, we often
   say,  "It  actually  exists,"  "It  has  actually been done." Thus its
   really  is shown by its actually. Actual, from this reference to being
   acted, has recently received a new signification, namely, present; as,
   the  actual  posture of affairs; since what is now in action, or going
   on,  has,  of  course,  a  present  existence.  An actual fact; a real
   sentiment.

     For  he that but conceives a crime in thought, Contracts the danger
     of an actual fault. Dryden.

     Our  simple ideas are all real; all agree to the reality of things.
     Locke.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1195

                                     Real

   Re"al (?), n. A realist. [Obs.] Burton.

                                    Realgar

   Re*al"gar  (?),  n.  [F. r\'82algar, Sp. rejalgar, Ar. rahj al gh\'ber
   powder of the mine.] (Min.) Arsenic sulphide, a mineral of a brilliant
   red color; red orpiment. It is also an artificial product.

                                    Realism

   Re"al*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. r\'82alisme.]

   1.  (Philos.)  (a)  An opposed to nominalism, the doctrine that genera
   and species are real things or entities, existing independently of our
   conceptions.  According  to  realism  the  Universal  exists  ante rem
   (Plato),  or  in  re  (Aristotle).  (b)  As  opposed  to idealism, the
   doctrine  that  in sense perception there is an immediate cognition of
   the  external  object,  and  our  knowledge  of  it is not mediate and
   representative.

   2.  (Art  &  Lit.)  Fidelity to nature or to real life; representation
   without  idealization,  and  making  no  appeal  to  the  imagination;
   adherence  to  the actual fact. <-- 3. the practise of assessing facts
   and  the  probabilities of the consequences of actions in an objective
   manner;  avoidance  of  unrealistic or impractical beliefs or efforts.
   Contrasted   to   idealism,  self-deception,  overimaginativeness,  or
   visionariness. -->

                                    Realist

   Re"al*ist, n. [Cf. F. r\'82aliste.]

   1. (Philos.) One who believes in realism; esp., one who maintains that
   generals,  or  the  terms  used  to  denote  the genera and species of
   things,  represent  real  existences,  and  are  not  mere  names,  as
   maintained by the nominalists.

   2.  (Art. & Lit.) An artist or writer who aims at realism in his work.
   See  Realism, 2. <-- 3. a person who avoids unrealistic or impractical
   beliefs or efforts. Contrasted to idealist or visionary. -->

                                   Realistic

   Re`al*is"tic  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to the realists; in the manner
   of the realists; characterized by realism rather than by imagination.

                                 Realistically

   Re`al*is"tic*al*ly, adv. In the realistic manner.

                                    Reality

   Re*al"i*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Realities  (#). [Cf. F. r\'82alit\'82, LL.
   realitas. See 3d Real. and cf. 2d Realty.]

   1.  The  state  or quality of being real; actual being or existence of
   anything, in distinction from mere appearance; fact.

     A man fancies that he understands a critic, when in reality he does
     not comprehend his meaning. Addison.

   2.  That  which  is  real;  an  actual  existence;  that  which is not
   imagination, fiction, or pretense; that which has objective existence,
   and is not merely an idea.

     And to realities yield all her shows. Milton.

     My neck may be an idea to you, but it is reality to me. Beattie.

   3. [See 1st Realty, 2.] Loyalty; devotion. [Obs.]

     To express our reality to the emperor. Fuller.

   4. (Law) See 2d Realty, 2.

                                  Realizable

   Re"al*i`za*ble (?), a. Capable of being realized.

                                  Realization

   Re`al*i*za"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. r\'82alisation.] The act of realizing,
   or the state of being realized.

                                    Realize

   Re"al*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Realized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Realizing (?).] [Cf. F. r\'82aliser.]

   1.  To make real; to convert from the imaginary or fictitious into the
   actual;  to  bring  into  concrete  existence;  to  accomplish; as, to
   realize a scheme or project.

     We  realize  what  Archimedes  had  only in hypothesis, weighting a
     single grain against the globe of earth. Glanvill.

   2.  To cause to seem real; to impress upon the mind as actual; to feel
   vividly or strongly; to make one's own in apprehension or experience.

     Many  coincidences  .  .  .  soon  begin  to  appear in them [Greek
     inscriptions] which realize ancient history to us. Jowett.

     We  can not realize it in thought, that the object . . . had really
     no being at any past moment. Sir W. Hamilton.

   3.  To  convert  into  real  property;  to make real estate of; as, to
   realize his fortune.

   4.  To  acquire  as  an  actual possession; to obtain as the result of
   plans  and efforts; to gain; to get; as, to realize large profits from
   a speculation.

     Knighthood  was  not  beyond  the  reach  of  any  man who could by
     diligent thrift realize a good estate. Macaulay.

   5. To convert into actual money; as, to realize assets.

                                    Realize

   Re"al*ize,  v.  t.  To  convert  any  kind  of  property  into  money,
   especially  property  representing  investments,  as  shares  in stock
   companies, bonds, etc.

     Wary  men  took  the  alarm, and began to realize, a word now first
     brought  into  use to express the conversion of ideal property into
     something real. W. Irving.

                                   Realizer

   Re"al*i`zer (?), n. One who realizes. Coleridge.

                                   Realizing

   Re"al*i`zing  (?),  a. Serving to make real, or to impress on the mind
   as  a  reality;  as,  a  realizing  view  of  the  danger incurred. --
   Re"al*i`zing*ly, adv.

                                   Reallege

   Re`al*lege" (?), v. t. To allege again. Cotgrave.

                                  Realliance

   Re`al*li"ance (?), n. A renewed alliance.

                                    Re-ally

   Re"-al*ly"  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  re- + ally, v. t.] To bring together
   again; to compose or form anew. Spenser.

                                    Really

   Re"al*ly` (?), adv. Royally. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Really

   Re"al*ly  (?), adv. In a real manner; with or in reality; actually; in
   truth.

     Whose anger is really but a short fit of madness. Swift.

     NOTE: &hand; Re  ally is   of  ten us ed fa miliarly as  a  sl ight
     corroboration of an opinion or a declaration.

     Why, really, sixty-five is somewhat old. Young.

                                     Realm

   Realm  (?),  n.  [OE.  realme,  ream, reaume, OF. reialme, roialme, F.
   royaume,  fr.  (assumed)  LL.  regalimen,  from  L. regalis royal. See
   Regal.]

   1.  A  royal  jurisdiction  or  domain;  a  region  which is under the
   dominion of a king; a kingdom.

     The  absolute  master of realms on which the sun perpetually alone.
     Motley.

   2.  Hence,  in general, province; region; country; domain; department;
   division; as, the realm of fancy.

                                   Realmless

   Realm"less, a. Destitute of a realm. Keats.

                                   Realness

   Re"al*ness (?), n. The quality or condition of being real; reality.

                                    Realty

   Re"al*ty (?), n. [OF. r\'82alt\'82, LL. regalitas, fr. L. regalis. See
   Regal.]

   1. Royalty. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. Loyalty; faithfulness. [R.] Milton.

                                    Realty

   Re"al*ty, n. [Contr. from 1st Reality.]

   1. Realty. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.

   2.  (Law)  (a)  Immobility,  or  the  fixed,  permanent nature of real
   property;  as,  chattels  which  savor of the realty; -- so written in
   legal language for reality. (b) Real estate; a piece of real property.
   Blackstone.

                                     Ream

   Ream (?), n. [AS. re\'a0m, akin to G. rahm.] Cream; also, the cream or
   froth on ale. [Scot.]

                                     Ream

   Ream, v. i. To cream; to mantle. [Scot.]

     A  huge pewter measuring pot which, in the language of the hostess,
     reamed with excellent claret. Sir W. Scott.

                                     Ream

   Ream,  v.  t.  [Cf.  Reim.]  To  stretch out; to draw out into thongs,
   threads, or filaments.

                                     Ream

   Ream,  n. [OE. reme, OF. rayme, F. rame (cf. Sp. resma), fr. Ar. rizma
   a  bundle,  especially  of  paper.]  A bundle, package, or quantity of
   paper,  usually  consisting of twenty quires or 480 sheets.<-- now 500
   -->  Printer's  ream,  twenty-one  and  a half quires. [Eng.] A common
   practice is now to count five hundred sheets to the ream. Knight.
   
                                     Ream
                                       
   Ream,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Reamed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Reaming.] [Cf.
   G.  r\'84umen  to  remove, to clear away, fr. raum room. See Room.] To
   bevel  out,  as the mouth of a hole in wood or metal; in modern usage,
   to enlarge or dress out, as a hole, with a reamer. 

                                     Reame

   Reame (?), n. Realm. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Reamer

   Ream"er, n. One who, or that which, reams; specifically, an instrument
   with  cutting  or  scraping  edges,  used, with a twisting motion, for
   enlarging a round hole, as a bore of a cannon, etc.

                                 Reamputation

   Re*am`pu*ta"tion  (?),  n.  (Surg.)  The  second  of  two  amputations
   performed upon the same member.

                                   Reanimate

   Re*an"i*mate  (?),  v.  t. To animate anew; to restore to animation or
   life;  to  infuse new life, vigor, spirit, or courage into; to revive;
   to  reinvigorate;  as,  to  reanimate  a  drowned person; to reanimate
   disheartened troops; to reanimate languid spirits. Glanvill.

                                  Reanimation

   Re*an"i*ma"tion  (?),  n.  The act or operation of reanimating, or the
   state of being reanimated; reinvigoration; revival.

                                    Reannex

   Re`an*nex"  (?), v. t. To annex again or anew; to reunite. "To reannex
   that duchy." Bacon.

                                 Reannexation

   Re*an`nex*a"tion (?), n. Act of reannexing.

                                   Reanswer

   Re*an"swer  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  To  answer  in  return;  to repay; to
   compensate; to make amends for.

     Which in weight to reanswer, his pettiness would bow under. Shak.

                                     Reap

   Reap  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Raped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Reaping.]
   [OE.  repen, AS. r\'c6pan to seize, reap; cf. D. rapen to glean, reap,
   G. raufen to pluck, Goth. raupjan, or E. ripe.]

   1.  To  cut  with  a  sickle, scythe, or reaping machine, as grain; to
   gather, as a harvest, by cutting.

     When  ye  reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap
     the corners of thy field. Lev.

   2.  To gather; to obtain; to receive as a reward or harvest, or as the
   fruit of labor or of works; -- in a good or a bad sense; as, to reap a
   benefit from exertions.

     Why do I humble thus myself, and, suing For peace, reap nothing but
     repulse and hate? Milton.

   3. To clear or a crop by reaping; as, to reap a field.

   4. To deprive of the beard; to shave. [R.] Shak.
   Reaping  hook,  an  instrument  having  a  hook-shaped  blade, used in
   reaping; a sickle; -- in a specific sense, distinguished from a sickle
   by a blade keen instead of serrated.

                                     Reap

   Reap,  v.  i.  To perform the act or operation of reaping; to gather a
   harvest.

     They that sow in tears shall reap in joy. Ps. cxxvi. 5.

                                     Reap

   Reap,  n.  [Cf. AS. r\'c6p harvest. See Reap, v.] A bundle of grain; a
   handful  of grain laid down by the reaper as it is cut. [Obs. or Prov.
   Eng.] Wright.

                                    Reaper

   Reap"er, n.

   1. One who reaps.

     The sun-burned reapers wiping their foreheads. Macaulay.

   2. A reaping machine.

                                   Reapparel

   Re`ap*par"el (?), v. t. To clothe again.

                                   Reappear

   Re`ap*pear (?), v. i. To appear again.

                                 Reappearance

   Re`ap*pear"ance  (?),  v.  i.  A  second or new appearance; the act or
   state of appearing again.

                                 Reapplication

   Re*ap`pli*ca"tion (?), n. The act of reapplying, or the state of being
   reapplied.

                                    Reapply

   Re`ap*ply" (?), v. t. & i. To apply again.

                                   Reappoint

   Re`ap*point" (?), v. t. To appoint again.

                                 Reappointment

   Re`ap*point"ment  (?),  n.  The  act  of reappointing, or the state of
   being reappointed.

                                  Reapportion

   Re`ap*por"tion (?), v. t. To apportion again.

                                Reapportionment

   Re`ap*por"tion*ment (?), n. A second or a new apportionment.

                                  Reapproach

   Re`ap*proach" (?), v. i. & t. To approach again or anew.

                                     Rear

   Rear (?), adv. Early; soon. [Prov. Eng.]

     Then why does Cuddy leave his cot so rear! Gay.

                                     Rear

   Rear, n. [OF. riere behind, backward, fr. L. retro. Cf. Arrear.]

   1.  The back or hindmost part; that which is behind, or last on order;
   -- opposed to front.

     Nipped with the lagging rear of winter's frost. Milton.

   2.  Specifically, the part of an army or fleet which comes last, or is
   stationed behind the rest.

     When the fierce foe hung on our broken rear. Milton.

                                     Rear

   Rear, a. Being behind, or in the hindmost part; hindmost; as, the rear
   rank  of a company. Rear admiral, an officer in the navy, next in rank
   below  a  vice  admiral,  and  above a commodore. See Admiral. -- Rear
   front  (Mil.),  the rear rank of a body of troops when faced about and
   standing  in  that  position. -- Rear guard (Mil.), the division of an
   army  that marches in the rear of the main body to protect it; -- used
   also  figuratively.  --  Rear  line (Mil.), the line in the rear of an
   army.  -- Rear rank (Mil.), the rank or line of a body of troops which
   is  in the rear, or last in order. -- Rear sight (Firearms), the sight
   nearest the breech. -- To bring up the rear, to come last or behind.

                                     Rear

   Rear (?), v. t. To place in the rear; to secure the rear of. [R.]

                                     Rear

   Rear,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Reared (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Rearing.] [AS.
   r&aemac;ran  to  raise,  rear,  elevate, for r&aemac;san, causative of
   r\'c6san to rise. See Rise, and cf. Raise.]

   1.  To  raise;  to  lift  up; to cause to rise, become erect, etc.; to
   elevate; as, to rear a monolith.

     In adoration at his feet I fell Submiss; he reared me. Milton.

     It reareth our hearts from vain thoughts. Barrow.

     Mine [shall be] the first hand to rear her banner. Ld. Lytton.

   2. To erect by building; to set up; to construct; as, to rear defenses
   or houses; to rear one government on the ruins of another.

     One reared a font of stone. Tennyson.

   3. To lift and take up. [Obs. or R.]

     And  having  her  from  Trompart  lightly  reared, Upon his set the
     lovely load. Spenser.

   4.  To  bring  up  to  maturity, as young; to educate; to instruct; to
   foster; as, to rear offspring.

     He  wants a father to protect his youth, And rear him up to virtue.
     Southern.

   5. To breed and raise; as, to rear cattle.

   6. To rouse; to strip up. [Obs.]

     And seeks the tusky boar to rear. Dryden.

   Syn. -- To lift; elevate; erect; raise, build; establish. See the Note
   under Raise, 3 (c).

                                     Rear

   Rear,  v. i. To rise up on the hind legs, as a horse; to become erect.
   Rearing  bit,  a bit designed to prevent a horse from lifting his head
   when rearing. Knight.

                              Reardorse, Reardoss

   Rear"dorse (?), Rear"doss (?), n. A reredos.

                                    Rearer

   Rear"er (?), n. One he, or that which, rears.

                                    Reargue

   Re*ar"gue (?), v. t. To argue anew or again.

                                  Reargument

   Re*ar"gu*ment  (?),  n.  An arguing over again, as of a motion made in
   court.

                                  Rear-horse

   Rear"-horse`  (?),  n. [So called because it rears up when disturbed.]
   (Zo\'94l.) A mantis.

                                    Rearly

   Rear"ly, adv. Early. [Obs.] Beau. & Ft.

                                   Rearmost

   Rear"most` (?), a. Farthest in the rear; last.

                             Rearmouse, Reremouse

   Rear"mouse`, Rere"mouse` (?), n. [AS. hr&emac;rem&umac;s; probably fr.
   hr&emac;ran  to agitate, stir (akin to G. r\'81hren, Icel. hr\'91ra) +
   m&umac;s   mouse.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The  leather-winged  bat  (Vespertilio
   murinus). [Written also reermouse.]

                                   Rearrange

   Re`ar*range"  (?),  v.  t. To arrange again; to arrange in a different
   way.

                                 Rearrangement

   Re`ar*range"ment (?), n. The act of rearranging, or the state of being
   rearranged.

                                   Rearward

   Rear"ward`,  n.  [Rear + ward.] The last troop; the rear of an army; a
   rear guard. Also used figuratively. Shak.

                                   Rearward

   Rear"ward (?), a. & adv. At or toward the rear.

                                   Reascend

   Re`as*cend" (?), v. i. To rise, mount, or climb again.

                                   Reascend

   Re`as*cend",  v.  t.  To  ascend or mount again; to reach by ascending
   again.

     He mounts aloft, and reascends the skies. Addison.

                                  Reascension

   Re`as*cen"sion (?), n. The act of reascending; a remounting.

                                   Reascent

   Re`as*cent"  (?),  n.  A  returning  ascent  or  ascension; acclivity.
   Cowper.

                                    Reason

   Rea"son  (?),  n.  [OE. resoun, F. raison, fr. L. ratio (akin to Goth.
   rapj  number,  account,  garapjan  to  count, G. rede speech, reden to
   speak), fr. reri, ratus, to reckon, believe, think. Cf. Arraign, Rate,
   Ratio, Ration.]

   1.  A thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination
   or an opinion; a just ground for a conclusion or an action; that which
   is  offered  or  accepted as an explanation; the efficient cause of an
   occurrence or a phenomenon; a motive for an action or a determination;
   proof,  more  or  less  decisive,  for  an  opinion  or  a conclusion;
   principle; efficient cause; final cause; ground of argument.

     I'll give him reasons for it. Shak.

     The  reason of the motion of the balance in a wheel watch is by the
     motion of the next wheel. Sir M. Hale.

     This  reason  did  the  ancient  fathers render, why the church was
     called "catholic." Bp. Pearson.

     Virtue  and  vice  are not arbitrary things; but there is a natural
     and  eternal  reason for that goodness and virtue, and against vice
     and wickedness. Tillotson.

   2.  The  faculty  of  capacity  of  the  human  mind  by  which  it is
   distinguished  from  the  intelligence  of  the  inferior animals; the
   higher  as  distinguished  from  the lower cognitive faculties, sense,
   imagination,  and memory, and in contrast to the feelings and desires.
   Reason  comprises conception, judgment, reasoning, and the intuitional
   faculty.  Specifically,  it is the intuitional faculty, or the faculty
   of  first  truths,  as  distinguished from the understanding, which is
   called the discursive or ratiocinative faculty.

     We have no other faculties of perceiving or knowing anything divine
     or human, but by our five senses and our reason. P. Browne.

     In common and popular discourse, reason denotes that power by which
     we  distinguish  truth from falsehood, and right from wrong, and by
     which  we  are  enabled  to  combine  means  for  the attainment of
     particular ends. Stewart.

     Reason is used sometimes to express the whole of those powers which
     elevate  man  above the brutes, and constitute his rational nature,
     more  especially,  perhaps,  his  intellectual powers; sometimes to
     express the power of deduction or argumentation. Stewart.

     By the pure reason I mean the power by which we become possessed of
     principles. Coleridge.

     The  sense  perceives;  the  understanding,  in  its  own  peculiar
     operation,  conceives;  the  reason, or rationalized understanding,
     comprehends. Coleridge.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1196

   3.  Due  exercise  of  the reasoning faculty; accordance with, or that
   which  is  accordant with and ratified by, the mind rightly exercised;
   right  intellectual  judgment;  clear  and  fair  deductions from true
   principles; that which is dictated or supported by the common sense of
   mankind; right conduct; right; propriety; justice.

     I was promised, on a time, To have reason for my rhyme. Spenser.

     But  law in a free nation hath been ever public reason; the enacted
     reason of a parliament, which he denying to enact, denies to govern
     us  by  that which ought to be our law; interposing his own private
     reason, which to us is no law. Milton.

     The  most probable way of bringing France to reason would be by the
     making an attempt on the Spanish West Indies. Addison.

   4. (Math.) Ratio; proportion. [Obs.] Barrow.
   By  reason  of, by means of; on account of; because of. "Spain is thin
   sown of people, partly by reason of the sterility of the soil." Bacon.
   In reason, In all reason, in justice; with rational ground; in a right
   view.

     When  anything  is  proved  by as good arguments as a thing of that
     kind  is  capable  of,  we  ought  not,  in reason, to doubt of its
     existence. Tillotson.

   -- It is reason, it is reasonable; it is right. [Obs.]

     Yet it were great reason, that those that have children should have
     greatest care of future times. Bacon.

   Syn.  --  Motive;  argument;  ground;  consideration; principle; sake;
   account; object; purpose; design. See Motive, Sense.

                                    Reason

   Rea"son  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Reasoned (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Reasoning.] [Cf. F. raisonner. See Reason, n.]

   1.  To  exercise  the  rational  faculty;  to  deduce  inferences from
   premises;  to  perform  the  process  of deduction or of induction; to
   ratiocinate; to reach conclusions by a systematic comparison of facts.

   2. Hence: To carry on a process of deduction or of induction, in order
   to convince or to confute; to formulate and set forth propositions and
   the inferences from them; to argue.

     Stand  still,  that  I may reason with you, before the Lord, of all
     the righteous acts of the Lord. 1 Sam. xii. 7.

   3. To converse; to compare opinions. Shak.

                                    Reason

   Rea"son, v. t.

   1.  To  arrange  and present the reasons for or against; to examine or
   discuss  by arguments; to debate or discuss; as, I reasoned the matter
   with my friend.

     When  they are clearly discovered, well digested, and well reasoned
     in every part, there is beauty in such a theory. T. Burnet.

   2. To support with reasons, as a request. [R.] Shak.

   3.  To  persuade  by  reasoning  or argument; as, to reason one into a
   belief; to reason one out of his plan.

     Men that will not be reasoned into their senses. L'Estrange.

   4.  To  overcome  or conquer by adducing reasons; -- with down; as, to
   reason down a passion.

   5.  To  find  by  logical  process; to explain or justify by reason or
   argument;  --  usually  with  out; as, to reason out the causes of the
   librations of the moon.

                                  Reasonable

   Rea"son*a*ble   (?),   a.  [OE.  resonable,  F.  raisonnable,  fr.  L.
   rationabilis. See Reason, n.]

   1.  Having  the faculty of reason; endued with reason; rational; as, a
   reasonable being.

   2.  Governed  by  reason;  being  under influence of reason; thinking,
   speaking or acting rationally, or according to the dictates of reason;
   agreeable  to reason; just; rational; as, the measure must satisfy all
   reasonable men.

     By  indubitable  certainty, I mean that which doth not admit of any
     reasonable cause of doubting. Bp. Wilkins.

     Men have no right to what is not reasonable. Burke.

   3.  Not  excessive  or  immoderate;  within  due limits; proper; as, a
   reasonable demand, amount, price.

     Let  .  .  .  all  things be thought upon That may, with reasonable
     swiftness, add More feathers to you wings. Shak.

   Syn.  --  Rational; just; honest; equitable; fair; suitable; moderate;
   tolerable. See Rational.

                                  Reasonable

   Rea"son*a*ble, adv. Reasonable; tolerably. [Obs.]

     I have a reasonable good ear in music. Shak.

                                Reasonableness

   Rea"son*a*ble*ness, n. Quality of being reasonable.

                                  Reasonably

   Rea"son*a*bly, adv.

   1. In a reasonable manner.

   2.  Moderately;  tolerably.  "Reasonably  perfect  in  the  language."
   Holder.

                                   Reasoner

   Rea"son*er  (?),  n. One who reasons or argues; as, a fair reasoner; a
   close reasoner; a logical reasoner.

                                   Reasoning

   Rea"son*ing, n.

   1.  The  act  or  process  of  adducing a reason or reasons; manner of
   presenting one's reasons.

   2.  That which is offered in argument; proofs or reasons when arranged
   and developed; course of argument.

     His reasoning was sufficiently profound. Macaulay.

   Syn.  --  Argumentation;  argument.  --  Reasoning, Argumentation. Few
   words are more interchanged than these; and yet, technically, there is
   a  difference  between  them. Reasoning is the broader term, including
   both deduction and induction. Argumentation denotes simply the former,
   and  descends  from  the  whole to some included part; while reasoning
   embraces  also  the  latter,  and  ascends from a part to a whole. See
   Induction.  Reasoning  is  occupied  with  ideas  and their relations;
   argumentation has to do with the forms of logic. A thesis is set down:
   you  attack,  I  defend  it;  you  insist, I prove; you distinguish, I
   destroy  your  distinctions;  my  replies  balance  or  overturn  your
   objections.  Such  is  argumentation.  It  supposes that there are two
   sides,  and that both agree to the same rules. Reasoning, on the other
   hand,  is  often a natural process, by which we form, from the general
   analogy  of  nature,  or special presumptions in the case, conclusions
   which  have  greater  or  less  degrees  of  force,  and  which may be
   strengthened or weakened by subsequent experience.

                                   Reasonist

   Rea"son*ist, n. A rationalist. [Obs.]

     Such   persons   are   now   commonly   called   "reasonists"   and
     "rationalists,"   to  distinguish  them  from  true  reasoners  and
     rational inquirers. Waterland.

                                  Reasonless

   Rea"son*less, a.

   1. Destitute of reason; as, a reasonless man or mind. Shak.

   2. Void of reason; not warranted or supported by reason; unreasonable.

     This proffer is absurd and reasonless. Shak.

                                 Reassemblage

   Re`as*sem"blage (?), n. Assemblage a second time or again.

                                  Reassemble

   Re`as*sem"ble (?), v. t. & i. To assemble again.

                                   Reassert

   Re`as*sert"  (?),  v. t. To assert again or anew; to maintain after an
   omission to do so.

     Let  us  hope . . . we may have a body of authors who will reassert
     our claim to respectability in literature. Walsh.

                                  Reassertion

   Re`as*ser"tion  (?),  n.  A  second  or  renewed assertion of the same
   thing.

                                 Reassessment

   Re`as*sess"ment (?), n. A renewed or second assessment.

                                   Reassign

   Re`as*sign"  (?), v. t. To assign back or again; to transfer back what
   has been assigned.

                                 Reassignment

   Re`as*sign"ment (?), n. The act of reassigning.

                                 Reassimilate

   Re`as*sim"i*late   (?),   v.   t.   &   i.  To  assimilate  again.  --
   Re`as*sim`i*la"tion (#), n.

                                  Reassociate

   Re`as*so"ci*ate  (?),  v.  t.  & i. To associate again; to bring again
   into close relatoins.

                                   Reassume

   Re`as*sume"  (?),  v.  t.  To  assume  again  or  anew;  to resume. --
   Re`as*sump"tion (#), n.

                                  Reassurance

   Re`as*sur"ance (?), n.

   1. Assurance or confirmation renewed or repeated. Prynne.

   2. (Law) Same as Reinsurance.

                                   Reassure

   Re`as*sure" (?), v. t.

   1.  To  assure  anew;  to  restore confidence to; to free from fear or
   terror.

     They  rose  with  fear,  .  . . Till dauntless Pallas reassured the
     rest. Dryden.

   2. To reinsure.

                                   Reassurer

   Re`as*sur"er (?), n. One who reassures.

                                    Reasty

   Reas"ty  (?),  a. [Etymol. uncertain.] Rusty and rancid; -- applied to
   salt  meat. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Tusser. -- Reas"ti*ness (#), n. [Obs.
   or Prov. Eng.]

                                     Reata

   Re*a"ta (?), n. [Sp.] A lariat.

                                   Reattach

   Re`at*tach  (?),  v.  t. To attach again.<-- the object reattached may
   have  been  an  integral part which had never been "attached" (trans),
   e.g., to reattach a severed finger. -->

                                 Reattachment

   Re`at*tach"ment (?), n. The act of reattaching; a second attachment.

                                   Reattain

   Re`at*tain" (?), v. t. To attain again.

                                 Reattainment

   Re`at*tain"ment (?), n. The act of reattaining.

                                   Reattempt

   Re`at*tempt" (?), v. t. To attempt again.

                                    Reaume

   Re`aume (?), n. Realm. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                  R\'82aumur

   R\'82`au`mur" (?), a. Of or pertaining to Ren\'82 Antoine Ferchault de
   R\'82aumur; conformed to the scale adopted by R\'82aumur in graduating
   the thermometer he invented. -- n. A R\'82aumur thermometer or scale.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e R\ '82aumur th ermometer is  so graduated that 0
     marks  the  freezing  point  and  80  the  boiling point of water.
     Frequently  indicated  by  R.  Cf.  Centigrade, and Fahrenheit. See
     Illust. of Thermometer.

                                     Reave

   Reave  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Reaved (?), Reft (, or Raft ( (obs.);
   p.  pr.  &  vb.  n.  Reaving.]  [AS.  re\'a0fian,  from re\'a0f spoil,
   plunder, clothing, re\'a2fan to break (cf. bire\'a2fan to deprive of);
   akin  to  G.  rauben  to rob, Icel. raufa to rob, rj&umac;fa to break,
   violate,  Goth.  bir\'a0ubon to despoil, L. rumpere to break; cf. Skr.
   lup  to  break. &root;114. Cf. Bereave, Rob, v. t., Robe, Rove, v. t.,
   Rupture.]  To  take away by violence or by stealth; to snatch away; to
   rob; to despoil; to bereave. [Archaic]. "To reave his life." Spenser.

     He golden apples raft of the dragon. Chaucer.

     By privy stratagem my life at home. Chapman.

   <-- #sic. Obviously, something left out of this quote. -->

     To reave the orphan of his patrimony. Shak.

     The heaven caught and reft him of his tongue. Tennyson.

                                    Reaver

   Reav"er (?), n. One who reaves. [Archaic]

                                    Reawake

   Re`a*wake" (?), v. i. To awake again.

                                   Rebanish

   Re*ban"ish (?), v. t. To banish again.

                                   Rebaptism

   Re*bap"tism (?), n. A second baptism.

                                 Rebaptisation

   Re*bap`ti*sa"tion, n. [Cf. F. rebaptisation.] A second baptism. [Obs.]
   Hooker.

                                   Rebaptize

   Re`bap*tize"  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref. re- + baptist: of F. rebaptiser, L.
   rebaptizare.] To baptize again or a second time.

                                  Rebaptizer

   Re`bap*tiz"er (?), n. One who rebaptizes.

                                  Rebarbarize

   Re*bar"ba*rize   (?),   v.   t.  To  reduce  again  to  barbarism.  --
   Re*bar`ba*ri*za"tion (#), n.

     Germany  .  .  .  rebarbarized  by polemical theology and religious
     wars. Sir W. Hamilton.

                                    Rebate

   Re*bate"  (?), v. t. [F. rebattre to beat again; pref re- re- + battre
   to beat, L. batuere to beat, strike. See Abate.]

   1.  To  beat  to obtuseness; to deprive of keenness; to blunt; to turn
   back the point of, as a lance used for exercise.

     But doth rebate and blunt his natural edge. Shak.

   2.  To  deduct  from;  to  make  a  discount from, as interest due, or
   customs  duties. Blount. <-- 2 (b). To return a portion of a sum paid,
   as a method of discounting. -->
   Rebated cross, a cross which has the extremities of the arms bent back
   at right angles, as in the fylfot.

                                    Rebate

   Re*bate", v. i. To abate; to withdraw. [Obs.] Foxe.

                                    Rebate

   Re*bate", n.

   1. Diminution.

   2. (Com.) Deduction; abatement; as, a rebate of interest for immediate
   payment; a rebate of importation duties. Bouvier. <-- 2 (b). A portion
   of  a sum paid, returned to the purchaser, as a method of discounting.
   The  rebate  is sometimes returned by the manufacturer, after the full
   price is paid to the retailer by the purchaser. -->

                                    Rebate

   Re*bate", n. [See Rabbet.]

   1.  (Arch.)  A  restangular  longitudinal recess or groove, cut in the
   corner or edge of any body; a rabbet. See Rabbet.

   2.  A  piece of wood hafted into a long stick, and serving to beat out
   mortar. Elmes.

   3.  An  iron  tool  sharpened  something  like  a chisel, and used for
   dressing and polishing wood. Elmes.

   4. [Perhaps a different word.] A kind of hard freestone used in making
   pavements. [R.] Elmes.

                                    Rebate

   Re*bate", v. t. To cut a rebate in. See Rabbet, v.

                                  Rebatement

   Re*bate"ment  (?), n. [Cf. OF. rabatement, fr. rabatre to diminish, F.
   rabatre.] Same as 3d Rebate, v.

                                    Rebato

   Re*ba"to (?), n. Same as Rabato. Burton.

                                     Rebec

   Re"bec (?), n. [F., fr. It. ribeca, ribeba, fr. Ar. rab\'beb a musical
   instrument of a round form.]

   1.  (Mus.)  An  instrument  formerly used which somewhat resembled the
   violin,  having  three  strings, and being played with a bow. [Written
   also rebeck.] Milton.

     He turn'd his rebec to a mournful note. Drayton.

   2. A contemptuous term applied to an old woman. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                     Rebel

   Reb"el  (?),  a.  [F.  rebelle,  fr.  L.  rebellis.  See Rebel, v. t.]
   Pertaining  to  rebels or rebellion; acting in revolt; rebellious; as,
   rebel troops.

     Whoso be rebel to my judgment. Chaucer.

     Convict by flight, and rebel to all law. Milton.

                                     Rebel

   Reb"el,  n. [F. rebelle.] One who rebels. Syn. -- Revolter; insurgent.
   --  Rebel,  Insurgent.  Insurgent  marks  an  early,  and rebel a more
   advanced,  stage  of  opposition  to  government.  The former rises up
   against his rulers, the latter makes war upon them.

                                     Rebel

   Re*bel"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Rebelled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Rebelling.]  [F.  rebeller,  fr. L. rebellare to make war again; pref.
   re-  again  +  bellare to make war, fr. bellum war. See Bellicose, and
   cf. Revel to carouse.]

   1.  To  renounce,  and  resist by force, the authority of the ruler or
   government to which one owes obedience. See Rebellion.

     The murmur and the churl's rebelling. Chaucer.

     Ye  have builded you an altar, that ye might rebel this day against
     the Lord. Josh. xxii. 16.

   2.   To   be   disobedient  to  authority;  to  assume  a  hostile  or
   insubordinate attitude; to revolt.

     Hoe could my hand rebel against my heart? How could you heart rebel
     against your reason? Dryden.

                                   Rebeldom

   Reb"el*dom  (?),  n.  A  region infested by rebels; rebels, considered
   collectively; also, conduct o Thackeray.

                                   Rebeller

   Re*bel"ler (?), n. One who rebels; a rebel.

                                   Rebellion

   Re*bel"lion  (?),  n.  [F. r\'82bellion, L. rebellio. See Rebel, v. t.
   Among  the Romans rebellion was originally a revolt or open resistance
   to  their government by nations that had been subdued in war. It was a
   renewed war.]

   1. The act of rebelling; open and avowed renunciation of the authority
   of  the government to which one owes obedience, and resistances to its
   officers  and  laws,  either by levying war, or by aiding others to do
   so;  an  organized uprising of subjects for the purpose of coercing or
   overthrowing  their  lawful  ruler  or  government  by  force; revolt;
   insurrection.

     No  sooner  is  the  standard  of  rebellion  displayed than men of
     desperate principles resort to it. Ames.

   2. Open resistances to, or defiance of, lawful authority.
   Commission  of  rebellion  (Eng.  Law),  a  process of contempt on the
   nonappearance of a defendant, -- non abolished. Wharton. Burrill. Syn.
   -- Insurrection; sedition; revolt; mutiny; resistances; contumacy. See
   Insurrection.

                                  Rebellious

   Re*bel"lious  (?),  a.  Engaged in rebellion; disposed to rebel of the
   nature  of  rebels  or  of  rebellion;  resisting government or lawful
   authority  by  force.  "Thy rebellious crew." "Proud rebellious arms."
   Milton. -- Re*bel"lious*ly, adv. -- Re*bel"lious*ness, n.

                                   Rebellow

   Re*bel"low (?), v. i. To bellow again; to repeat or echo a bellow.

     The cave rebellowed, and the temple shook. Dryden.

                                   Rebiting

   Re*bit"ing  (?),  n.  (Etching)  The  act or process of deepening worn
   lines in an etched plate by submitting it again to the action if acid.
   Fairholt.

                                    Rebloom

   Re*bloom" (?), v. i. To bloom again. Crabbe.

                                   Reblossom

   Re*blos"som (?), v. i. To blossom again.

                                    Reboant

   Re*bo"ant  (?),  a.  [L.  reboans,  p. pr. of reboare; pref. re- re- +
   boare  to  cry  aloud.]  Rebellowing;  resounding  loudly.  [R.]  Mrs.
   Browning.

                                   Reboation

   Re`bo*a"tion (?), n. Repetition of a bellow. [R.] Bp. Patrick.

                                    Reboil

   Re*boil" (?), v. t. & i. [Pref. re- + boil: cf. F. rebouillir.]

   1. To boil, or to cause to boil, again.

   2. Fig.: To make or to become hot. [Obs.]

     Some of his companions thereat reboyleth. Sir T. Elyot.

                                    Reborn

   Re*born" (?), p. p. Born again.

                                    Rebound

   Re*bound" (?), v. i. [Pref. re- + bound: cf. F. rebondir.]

   1.  To  spring back; to start back; to be sent back or reverberated by
   elastic force on collision with another body; as, a rebounding echo.

     Bodies  which  are  absolutely  hard,  or  so soft as to be void of
     elasticity, will not rebound from one another. Sir I. Newton.

   2. To give back an echo. [R.] T. Warton.

   3. To bound again or repeatedly, as a horse. Pope.
   Rebounding  lock  (Firearms), one in which the hammer rebounds to half
   cock after striking the cap or primer.

                                    Rebound

   Re*bound", v. t. To send back; to reverberate.

     Silenus sung; the vales his voice rebound. Dryden.

                                    Rebound

   Re*bound", n. The act of rebounding; resilience.

     Flew . . . back, as from a rock, with swift rebound. Dryden.

                                    Rebrace

   Re*brace" (?), v. t. To brace again. Gray.

                                   Rebreathe

   Re*breathe" (?), v. t. To breathe again.

                                   Rebucous

   Re*bu"cous (?), a. Rebuking. [Obs.]

     She gave unto him many rebucous words. Fabyan.

                                    Rebuff

   Re*buff" (?), n. [It. ribuffo, akin to ribuffare to repulse; pref. ri-
   (L. re-) + buffo puff. Cf. Buff to strike, Buffet a blow.]

   1. Repercussion, or beating back; a quick and sudden resistance.

     The strong rebuff of some tumultuous cloud. Milton.

   2.  Sudden  check;  unexpected  repulse;  defeat; refusal; repellence;
   rejection of solicitation.

                                    Rebuff

   Re*buff",  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Rebuffed  (?);  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Rebuffing.]  To beat back; to offer sudden resistance to; to check; to
   repel or repulse violently, harshly, or uncourteously.

                                    Rebuild

   Re*build"  (?),  v.  t.  To  build  again, as something which has been
   demolished;  to  construct  anew;  as,  to  rebuild a house, a wall, a
   wharf, or a city.

                                   Rebuilder

   Re*build"er (?), n. One who rebuilds. Bp. Bull.

                                   Rebukable

   Re*buk"a*ble  (?), a. Worthy of rebuke or reprehension; reprehensible.
   Shak.

                                    Rebuke

   Re*buke"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Rebuked (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Rebuking.]  [OF.  rebouquier to dull, blunt, F. reboucher; perhaps fr.
   pref.  re- re- + bouche mouth, OF. also bouque, L. bucca cheek; if so,
   the  original  sense  was,  to  stop  the  mouth  of;  hence, to stop,
   obstruct.]  To  check, silence, or put down, with reproof; to restrain
   by  expression  of disapprobation; to reprehend sharply and summarily;
   to chide; to reprove; to admonish.

     The proud he tamed, the penitent he cheered, Nor to rebuke the rich
     offender feared. Dryden.

   Syn.  --  To  reprove;  chide;  check; chasten; restrain; silence. See
   Reprove.
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   Page 1197

                                    Rebuke

   Re*buke" (?), n.

   1.  A  direct  and  pointed  reproof; a reprimand; also, chastisement;
   punishment.

     For thy sake I have suffered rebuke. Jer. xv. 15.

     Why bear you these rebukes and answer not? Shak.

   2. Check; rebuff. [Obs.] L'Estrange.
   To  be  without  rebuke,  to  live  without giving cause of reproof or
   censure; to be blameless.

                                   Rebukeful

   Re*buke"ful (?), a. Containing rebuke; of the nature of rebuke. [Obs.]
   -- Re*buke"ful*ly, adv. [Obs.]

                                    Rebuker

   Re*buk"er (?), n. One who rebukes.

                                  Rebukingly

   Re*buk"ing*ly, adv. By way of rebuke.

                                  Rebullition

   Re`bul*li"tion (?), n. The act of boiling up or effervescing. [R.] Sir
   H. Wotton.

                                    Rebury

   Re*bur"y (?), v. t. To bury again. Ashmole.

                                     Rebus

   Re"bus  (?), n.; pl. Rebuses (#). [L. rebus by things, abl. pl. of res
   a  thing: cf. F. r\'82bus. Cf. 3d things, abl. pl. of res a thing: cf.
   F. r\'82bus. Cf. 3d Real.]

   1. A mode of expressing words and phrases by pictures of objects whose
   names  resemble  those  words,  or  the  syllables  of  which they are
   composed;  enigmatical  representation  of  words by figures; hence, a
   peculiar form of riddle made up of such representations.

     NOTE: &hand; A  gallant, in love with a woman named Rose Hill, had,
     embroidered  on  his  gown,  a  rose, a hill, an eye, a loaf, and a
     well, signifying, Rose Hill I love well.

   2.  (Her.) A pictorial suggestion on a coat of arms of the name of the
   person to whom it belongs. See Canting arms, under Canting.

                                     Rebus

   Re"bus, v. t. To mark or indicate by a rebus.

     He  [John  Morton] had a fair library rebused with More in text and
     Tun under it. Fuller.

                                     Rebut

   Re*but" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Rebutted; p. pr. & vb. n. Rebutting.]
   [OF.  reb  to repulse, drive back; pref. re- + bouter to push, thrust.
   See 1st Butt, Boutade.]

   1. To drive or beat back; to repulse.

     Who  him, recount'ring fierce, as hawk in flight, Perforce rebutted
     back. Spenser.

   2.  (Law)  To  contradict,  meet,  or  oppose  by  argument,  plea, or
   countervailing proof. Abbott.

                                     Rebut

   Re*but", v. i.

   1. To retire; to recoil. [Obs.] Spenser.

   2.  (Law)  To  make,  or  put  in,  an  answer,  as  to  a plaintiff's
   surrejoinder.

     The  plaintiff may answer the rejoinder by a surrejoinder; on which
     the defendant. Blackstone.

                                  Rebuttable

   Re*but"ta*ble (?), a. Capable of being rebutted.

                                   Rebuttal

   Re*but"tal  (?),  n.  (Law)  The  giving  of evidence on the part of a
   plaintiff  to  destroy  the  effect  of  evidence  introduced  by  the
   defendant in the same suit.

                                   Rebutter

   Re*but"ter  (?),  n. (Law) The answer of a defendant in matter of fact
   to a plaintiff's surrejoinder.

                                   Recadency

   Re*ca"den*cy  (?),  n.  A  falling back or descending a second time; a
   relapse. W. Montagu.

                                 Recalcitrant

   Re*cal"ci*trant  (?),  a.  [L. recalcitrans, p. pr. of recalcitrare to
   kick  back;  pref.  re-  re-  + calcitrare to kick, fr. calx heel. Cf.
   Inculcate.] Kicking back; recalcitrating; hence, showing repugnance or
   opposition; refractory.

                                 Recalcitrate

   Re*cal"ci*trate  (?), v. t. To kick against; to show repugnance to; to
   rebuff.

     The more heartily did one disdain his disdain, and recalcitrate his
     tricks. De Quincey.

                                 Recalcitrate

   Re*cal"ci*trate,  v. i. To kick back; to kick against anything; hence,
   to express repugnance or opposition.

                                Recalcitration

   Re*cal`ci*tra"tion   (?),   n.   A  kicking  back  again;  opposition;
   repugnance; refractoriness.

                                    Recall

   Re*call" (?), v. t.

   1.  To call back; to summon to return; as, to recall troops; to recall
   an ambassador.

   2. To revoke; to annul by a subsequent act; to take back; to withdraw;
   as, to recall words, or a decree.

     Passed sentence may not be recall'd. Shak.

   3.  To  call  back  to  mind;  to  revive  in memory; to recollect; to
   remember; as, to recall bygone days.

                                    Recall

   Re*call", n.

   1. A calling back; a revocation.

     'T his done, and since 't is done, 't is past recall. Dryden.

   2. (Mil.) A call on the trumpet, bugle, or drum, by which soldiers are
   recalled from duty, labor, etc. Wilhelm.

                                  Recallable

   Re*call"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being recalled.

                                  Recallment

   Re*call"ment (?), n. Recall. [R.] R. Browning.

                                    Recant

   Re*cant"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Recanted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Recanting.]  [L.  recantare,  recantatum, to recall, recant; pref. re-
   re-  +  cantare to sing, to sound. See 3d Cant, Chant.] To withdraw or
   repudiate  formally  and  publicly  (opinions  formerly expressed); to
   contradict,  as a former declaration; to take back openly; to retract;
   to recall.

     How  soon . . . ease would recant Vows made in pain, as violent and
     void! Milton.

   Syn.  --  To  retract;  recall;  revoke;  abjure; disown; disavow. See
   Renounce.

                                    Recant

   Re*cant",  v. i. To revoke a declaration or proposition; to unsay what
   has been said; to retract; as, convince me that I am wrong, and I will
   recant. Dryden.

                                  Recantation

   Re`can*ta"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  of  recanting;  a declaration that
   contradicts   a   former   one;   that   which  is  thus  asserted  in
   contradiction; retraction.

     The  poor man was imprisoned for this discovery, and forced to make
     a public recantation. Bp. Stillingfleet.

                                   Recanter

   Re*cant"er (?), n. One who recants.

                                 Recapacitate

   Re`ca*pac"i*tate  (?),  v.  t. To qualify again; to confer capacity on
   again. Atterbury.

                                 Recapitulate

   Re*ca*pit"u*late (?), v. t. [L. recapitulare, recapitulatum; pref. re-
   re-  +  capitulum  a small head, chapter, section. See Capitulate.] To
   repeat, as the principal points in a discourse, argument, or essay; to
   give  a  summary  of  the principal facts, points, or arguments of; to
   relate in brief; to summarize.

                                 Recapitulate

   Re`ca*pit"u*late  (?),  v.  i.  To  sum  up,  or enumerate by heads or
   topics,   what  has  been  previously  said;  to  repeat  briefly  the
   substance.

                                Recapitulation

   Re`ca*pit`u*la"tion    (?),    n.    [LL.    recapitulatio:   cf.   F.
   recapitulation.]  The  act  of  recapitulating;  a summary, or concise
   statement   or   enumeration,  of  the  principal  points,  facts,  or
   statements, in a preceding discourse, argument, or essay.

                                 Recapitulator

   Re`ca*pit"u*la`tor (?), n. One who recapitulates.

                                Recapitulatory

   Re`ca*pit"u*la*to*ry  (?),  a.  Of  the  nature  of  a recapitulation;
   containing recapitulation.

                                   Recapper

   Re*cap"per  (?),  n.  (Firearms)  A  tool  used  for  applying a fresh
   percussion cap or primer to a cartridge shell in reloading it.

                                   Recaption

   Re*cap"tion  (?),  n.  (Law)  The  act  of retaking, as of one who has
   escaped  after  arrest;  reprisal;  the  retaking  of one's own goods,
   chattels,  wife,  or children, without force or violence, from one who
   has  taken  them  and who wrongfully detains them. Blackstone. Writ of
   recaption  (Law), a writ to recover damages for him whose goods, being
   distrained  for  rent  or  service,  are distrained again for the same
   cause.Wharton.

                                   Recaptor

   Re*cap"tor (?), n. One who recaptures; one who takes a prize which had
   been previously taken.

                                   Recapture

   Re*cap"ture (?; 135), n.

   1.  The  act  of  retaking  or  recovering by capture; especially, the
   retaking of a prize or goods from a captor.

   2. That which is captured back; a prize retaken.

                                   Recapture

   Re*cap"ture, v. t. To capture again; to retake.

                                  Recarbonize

   Re*car"bon*ize  (?),  v.  t.  (Metal.)  To  restore  carbon to; as, to
   recarbonize iron in converting it into steel.

                                   Recarnify

   Re*car"ni*fy (?), v. t. To convert again into flesh. [Obs.] Howell.

                                  Recarriage

   Re*car"riage (?), n. Act of carrying back.

                                    Recarry

   Re*car"ry (?), v. t. To carry back. Walton.

                                    Recast

   Re*cast" (?), v. t.

   1. To throw again. Florio.

   2.  To  mold  anew; to cast anew; to throw into a new from a shape; to
   reconstruct; as, to recast cannon; to recast an argument or a play.

   3. To compute, or cast up, a second time.

                                    Recche

   Rec"che (?), v. i. To reck. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                   Reccheles

   Rec"che*les (?), a. Reckless. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Recede

   Re*cede"  (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Receded; p. pr. & vb. n. Receding.]
   [L. recedere, recessum; pref. re- re- + cedere to go, to go along: cf.
   F. rec\'82der. See Cede.]

   1. To move back; to retreat; to withdraw.

     Like  the  hollow roar Of tides receding from the instituted shore.
     Dryden.

     All  bodies  moved  circularly  endeavor to recede from the center.
     Bentley.

   2.  To  withdraw  a claim or pretension; to desist; to relinquish what
   had  been  proposed  or  asserted;  as,  to  recede  from  a demand or
   proposition. Syn. -- To retire; retreat; return; retrograde; withdraw;
   desist.

                                    Recede

   Re*cede"  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  re- + cede. Cf. Recede, v. t.] To cede
   back;  to  grant  or  yield again to a former possessor; as, to recede
   conquered territory.

                                    Receipt

   Re*ceipt"  (?),  n. [OE. receite, OF. recete, recepte, F. recette, fr.
   L. recipere, receptum, to receive. See Receive.]

   1.  The  act of receiving; reception. "At the receipt of your letter."
   Shak.

   2. Reception, as an act of hospitality. [Obs.]

     Thy kind receipt of me. Chapman.

   3. Capability of receiving; capacity. [Obs.]

     It has become a place of great receipt. Evelyn.

   4. Place of receiving. [Obs.]

     He  saw  a  man,  named  Matthew, sitting at the receipt of custom.
     Matt. ix. 9.

   5.  Hence,  a  recess;  a  retired place. [Obs.] "In a retired receipt
   together lay." Chapman.

   6.  A  formulary according to the directions of which things are to be
   taken or combined; a recipe; as, a receipt for making sponge cake.

     She had a receipt to make white hair black. Sir T. Browne.

   7. A writing acknowledging the taking or receiving of goods delivered;
   an acknowledgment of money paid.

   8.  That  which  is received; that which comes in, in distinction from
   what is expended, paid out, sent away, and the like; -- usually in the
   plural; as, the receipts amounted to a thousand dollars.
   Cross receipts. See under Gross, a.

                                    Receipt

   Re*ceipt", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Receipted; p. pr. & vb. n. Receipting.]

   1. To give a receipt for; as, to receipt goods delivered by a sheriff.

   2.  To  put  a receipt on, as by writing or stamping; as, to receipt a
   bill.

                                    Receipt

   Re*ceipt", v. i. To give a receipt, as for money paid.

                                  Receiptment

   Re*ceipt"ment (?), n. (O. Eng. Law) The receiving or harboring a felon
   knowingly, after the commission of a felony. Burrill.

                                   Receiptor

   Re*ceipt"or  (?),  n.  One  who  receipts; specifically (Law), one who
   receipts for property which has been taken by the sheriff.

                                    Receit

   Re*ceit" (?), n. Receipt. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                 Receivability

   Re*ceiv`a*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   The   quality  of  being  receivable;
   receivableness.

                                  Receivable

   Re*ceiv"a*ble  (?),  a. [Cf. F. recevable.] Capable of being received.
   -- Re*ceiv"a*ble*ness, n. Bills receivable. See under 6th Bill.

                                    Receive

   Re*ceive"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Received (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Receiving.]  [OF.  receiver,  recevoir,  F. recevoir, fr. L. recipere;
   pref. re- re- + capere to take, seize. See See Capable, Heave, and cf.
   Receipt, Reception, Recipe.]

   1.  To  take,  as  something  that is offered, given, committed, sent,
   paid,  or the like; to accept; as, to receive money offered in payment
   of a debt; to receive a gift, a message, or a letter.

     Receyven all in gree that God us sent. Chaucer.

   2.  Hence:  To  gain the knowledge of; to take into the mind by assent
   to;  to  give admission to; to accept, as an opinion, notion, etc.; to
   embrace.

     Our hearts receive your warnings. Shak.

     The idea of solidity we receives by our touch. Locke.

   3.  To allow, as a custom, tradition, or the like; to give credence or
   acceptance to.

     Many other things there be which they have received to hold, as the
     washing of cups, and pots. Mark vii. 4.

   4.  To  give  admittance  to; to permit to enter, as into one's house,
   presence,  company,  and  the  like; as, to receive a lodger, visitor,
   ambassador, messenger, etc.

     They kindled a fire, and received us every one. Acts xxviii. 2.

   5. To admit; to take in; to hold; to contain; to have capacity fro; to
   be able to take in.

     The brazen altar that was before the Lord was too little to receive
     the burnt offerings. 1 Kings viii. 64.

   6.  To be affected by something; to suffer; to be subjected to; as, to
   receive  pleasure  or  pain;  to receive a wound or a blow; to receive
   damage.

     Against his will he can receive no harm. Milton.

   7. To take from a thief, as goods known to be stolen.

   8. (Lawn Tennis) To bat back (the ball) when served.
   Receiving  ship,  one  on  board  of which newly recruited sailors are
   received,  and kept till drafted for service. Syn. -- To accept; take;
   allow;  hold;  retain; admit. -- Receive, Accept. To receive describes
   simply  the act of taking. To accept denotes the taking with approval,
   or  for  the purposes for which a thing is offered. Thus, we receive a
   letter  when  it comes to hand; we receive news when it reaches us; we
   accept  a  present when it is offered; we accept an invitation to dine
   with a friend.

     Who,  if  we  knew  What  we  receive, would either not accept Life
     offered, or soon beg to lay it down. Milton.

                                    Receive

   Re*ceive" (?), v. i.

   1.  To  receive  visitors;  to  be  at  home to receive calls; as, she
   receives on Tuesdays.

   2.  (Lawn Tennis) To return, or bat back, the ball when served; as, it
   is your turn to receive.

                                 Receivedness

   Re*ceiv"ed*ness,  n. The state or quality of being received, accepted,
   or current; as, the receivedness of an opinion. Boyle.

                                   Receiver

   Re*ceiv"er (?), n. [Cf. F. receveur.]

   1. One who takes or receives in any manner.

   2.  (Law)  A  person appointed, ordinarily by a court, to receive, and
   hold  in  trust,  money  or  other  property  which  is the subject of
   litigation, pending the suit; a person appointed to take charge of the
   estate and effects of a corporation, and to do other acts necessary to
   winding up its affairs, in certain cases. Bouvier.

   3. One who takes or buys stolen goods from a thief, knowing them to be
   stolen. Blackstone.

   4.  (Chem.)  (a)  A vessel connected with an alembic, a retort, or the
   like,  for receiving and condensing the product of distillation. (b) A
   vessel for receiving and containing gases.

   5.  (Pneumatics) The glass vessel in which the vacuum is produced, and
   the  objects  of  experiment are put, in experiments with an air pump.
   Cf. Bell jar, and see Illust. of Air pump.

   6.  (Steam  Engine)  (a) A vessel for receiving the exhaust steam from
   the high-pressure cylinder before it enters the low-pressure cylinder,
   in  a compound engine. (b) A capacious vessel for receiving steam from
   a distant boiler, and supplying it dry to an engine.

   7. That portion of a telephonic apparatus, or similar system, at which
   the message is received and made audible; -- opposed to transmitter.
   Exhausted  receiver  (Physics),  a receiver, as that used with the air
   pump,  from which the air has been withdrawn; a vessel the interior of
   which is a more or less complete vacuum.

                                 Receivership

   Re*ceiv"er*ship, n. The state or office of a receiver.

                                  Recelebrate

   Re*cel"e*brate   (?),   v.   t.   To  celebrate  again,  or  anew.  --
   Re*cel`e*bra"tion (#), n.

                                    Recency

   Re"cen*cy (?), n. [LL. recentia, fr. L. recens. See Recent.] The state
   or  quality of being recent; newness; new state; late origin; lateness
   in time; freshness; as, the recency of a transaction, of a wound, etc.

                                    Recense

   Re*cense"  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  recensere;  pref. re- again + censere to
   value, estimate: cf. F. recenser.] To review; to revise. [R.] Bentley.

                                   Recension

   Re*cen"sion (?), n. [L. recensio: cf. F. recension.]

   1. The act of reviewing or revising; review; examination; enumeration.
   Barrow.

   2.  Specifically, the review of a text (as of an ancient author) by an
   editor; critical revisal and establishment.

   3. The result of such a work; a text established by critical revision;
   an edited version.

                                 Recensionist

   Re*cen"sion*ist, n. One who makes recensions; specifically, a critical
   editor.

                                    Recent

   Re"cent (?), a. [L. recens, -entis: cf. F. r\'82cent.]

   1.  Of  late  origin,  existence,  or  occurrence; lately come; not of
   remote  date,  antiquated  style,  or  the  like;  not  already known,
   familiar, worn out, trite, etc.; fresh; novel; new; modern; as, recent
   news.

     The  ancients  were of opinion, that a considerable portion of that
     country  [Egypt]  was  recent, and formed out of the mud discharged
     into the neighboring sea by the Nile. Woodward.

   2.  (Geol.)  Of  or  pertaining  to the present or existing epoch; as,
   recent shells.

                                   Recenter

   Re*cen"ter  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  re-  +  center.] To center again; to
   restore to the center. Coleridge.

                                   Recently

   Re"cent*ly  (?),  adv.  Newly;  lately;  freshly;  not long since; as,
   advices recently received.

                                  Recentness

   Re"cent*ness, n. Quality or state of being recent.

                                  Receptacle

   Re*cep"ta*cle   (?),   n.  [F.  r\'82ceptacle,  L.  receptaculum,  fr.
   receptare, v. intens. fr. recipere to receive. See Receive.]

   1.  That  which  serves,  or  is  used,  fro  receiving and containing
   something, as a basket, a vase, a bag, a reservoir; a repository.

     O sacred receptacle of my joys! Shak.

   2.  (Bot.)  (a) The apex of the flower stalk, from which the organs of
   the  flower  grow,  or  into  which  they are inserted. See Illust. of
   Flower, and Ovary. (b) The dilated apex of a pedicel which serves as a
   common  support  to  a  head  of  flowers. (c) An intercellular cavity
   containing  oil  or resin or other matters. (d) A special branch which
   bears the fructification in many cryptogamous plants.
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   Page 1198

                                 Receptacular

   Rec`ep*tac"u*lar (?), a. [Cf. F. r\'82ceptaculaire.] (Bot.) Pertaining
   to  the  receptacle,  or  growing on it; as, the receptacular chaff or
   scales in the sunflower.

                                 Receptaculum

   Rec`ep*tac"u*lum   (?),  n.;  pl.  Receptacula  (#).  [L.]  (Anat.)  A
   receptacle; as, the receptaculum of the chyle.

                                   Receptary

   Rec"ep*ta*ry  (?),  a.  Generally  or  popularly admitted or received.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

                                   Receptary

   Rec"ep*ta*ry,  n.  That  which  is  received.  [Obs.]  "Receptaries of
   philosophy." Sir T. Browne.

                                 Receptibility

   Re*cep`ti*bil"i*ty (?), n.

   1. The quality or state of being receptible; receivableness.

   2. A receptible thing. [R.] Glanvill.

                                  Receptible

   Re*cep"ti*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  receptibilis.]  Such as may be received;
   receivable.

                                   Reception

   Re*cep"tion  (?),  n.  [F.  r\'82ception,  L.  receptio, fr. recipere,
   receptum. See Receive.]

   1. The act of receiving; receipt; admission; as, the reception of food
   into  the  stomach;  the  reception  of  a  letter;  the  reception of
   sensation or ideas; reception of evidence.

   2. The state of being received.

   3.  The  act  or  manner  of  receiving,  esp.  of receiving visitors;
   entertainment; hence, an occasion or ceremony of receiving guests; as,
   a hearty reception; an elaborate reception.

     What reception a poem may find. Goldsmith.

   4. Acceptance, as of an opinion or doctrine.

     Philosophers  who  have  quitted  the  popular  doctrines  of their
     countries  have  fallen into as extravagant opinions as even common
     reception countenanced. Locke.

   5. A retaking; a recovery. [Obs.] Bacon.

                                   Receptive

   Re*cep"tive  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  r\'82ceptif. See Receive.] Having the
   quality  of  receiving;  able or inclined to take in, absorb, hold, or
   contain; receiving or containing; as, a receptive mind.

     Imaginary space is receptive of all bodies. Glanvill.

                                 Receptiveness

   Re*cep"tive*ness, n. The quality of being receptive.

                                  Receptivity

   Rec`ep*tiv"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. r\'82ceptivit\'82.]

   1. The state or quality of being receptive.

   2.  (Kantian  Philos.) The power or capacity of receiving impressions,
   as those of the external senses.

                                   Receptory

   Re*cep"to*ry  (?;  277),  n.  [Cf. F. receptorium a place of shelter.]
   Receptacle. [Obs.] Holland.

                                    Recess

   Re*cess" (?), n. [L. recessus, fr. recedere, recessum. See Recede.]

   1.  A  withdrawing or retiring; a moving back; retreat; as, the recess
   of the tides.

     Every  degree  of  ignorance  being so far a recess and degradation
     from rationality. South.

     My recess hath given them confidence that I may be conquered. Eikon
     Basilike.

   2. The state of being withdrawn; seclusion; privacy.

     In the recess of the jury they are to consider the evidence. Sir M.
     Hale.

     Good verse recess and solitude requires. Dryden.

   3.  Remission or suspension of business or procedure; intermission, as
   of a legislative body, court, or school.

     The recess of . . . Parliament lasted six weeks. Macaulay.

   4.  Part  of  a room formed by the receding of the wall, as an alcove,
   niche, etc.

     A bed which stood in a deep recess. W. Irving.

   5. A place of retirement, retreat, secrecy, or seclusion.

     Departure  from  his  happy  place,  our  sweet  Recess,  and  only
     consolation left. Milton.

   6.  Secret  or  abstruse  part;  as,  the difficulties and recesses of
   science. I. Watts.

   7. (Bot. & Zo\'94l.) A sinus.

                                    Recess

   Re*cess", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Recessed; p. pr. & vb. n. Recessing.] To
   make a recess in; as, to recess a wall.

                                    Recess

   Re*cess",  n.  [G.]  A  decree  of the imperial diet of the old German
   empire. Brande & C.

                                   Recessed

   Re*cessed" (?), a.

   1. Having a recess or recesses; as, a recessed arch or wall.

   2.  Withdrawn;  secluded.  [R.]  "Comfortably  recessed  from  curious
   impertinents." Miss Edgeworth.
   Recessed  arch  (Arch.),  one  of  a  series of arches constructed one
   within another so as to correspond with splayed jambs of a doorway, or
   the like.

                                   Recession

   Re*ces"sion (?), n. [L. recessio, fr. recedere, recessum. See Recede.]
   The  act  of  receding  or withdrawing, as from a place, a claim, or a
   demand. South.

     Mercy may rejoice upon the recessions of justice. Jer. Taylor.

                                   Recession

   Re*ces"sion,  n.  [Pref.  re-  +  cession.]  The  act  of ceding back;
   restoration;   repeated   cession;  as,  the  recession  of  conquered
   territory to its former sovereign.

                                  Recessional

   Re*ces"sion*al  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to recession or withdrawal.
   Recessional hymn, a hymn sung in a procession returning from the choir
   to the robing room.

                                   Recessive

   Re*ces"sive (?), a. Going back; receding.

                                   Rechabite

   Re"chab*ite  (?), n. (Jewish Hist.) One of the descendants of Jonadab,
   the  son  of  Rechab, all of whom by his injunction abstained from the
   use of intoxicating drinks and even from planting the vine. Jer. xxxv.
   2-19.  Also,  in  modern  times,  a  member  of  a  certain society of
   abstainers from alcoholic liquors.

                                   Rechange

   Re*change" (?), v. t. & i. To change again, or change back.

                                   Recharge

   Re*charge" (?), v. t. & i. [Pref. re- + charge: cf. F. recharger.]

   1. To charge or accuse in return.

   2. To attack again; to attack anew. Dryden.

                                   Recharter

   Re*char"ter  (?),  n.  A  second  charter;  a renewal of a charter. D.
   Webster.

                                   Recharter

   Re*char"ter,  v.  t.  To  charter  again or anew; to grant a second or
   another charter to.

                                    Rechase

   Re*chase"  (?),  v. t. [Pref. re- + chase: cf. F. rechasser.] To chase
   again; to chase or drive back.

                                    Recheat

   Re*cheat" (?), n. [F. requ\'88t\'82, fr. requ\'88ter to hunt anew. See
   Request.]  (Sporting)  A  strain  given  on  the horn to call back the
   hounds when they have lost track of the game.

                                    Recheat

   Re*cheat", v. i. To blow the recheat. Drayton.

                                 Recherch\'82

   Re*cher`ch\'82"  (?),  a. [F.] Sought out with care; choice. Hence: of
   rare  quality,  elegance,  or  attractiveness; peculiar and refined in
   kind.

                                   Rechless

   Rech"less (?), a. Reckless. [Obs.] P. Plowman.

                                   Rechoose

   Re*choose" (?), v. t. To choose again.

                                  Recidivate

   Re*cid"i*vate   (?),  v.  i.  [LL.  recidivare.  See  Recidivous.]  To
   baskslide; to fall again. [Obs.]

                                 Recidivation

   Re*cid`i*va"tion   (?),  n.  [LL.  recidivatio.]  A  falling  back;  a
   backsliding. Hammond.

                                  Recidivous

   Re*cid"i*vous  (?),  a.  [L. r, fr. recidere to fall back.] Tending or
   liable to backslide or r

                                    Recipe

   Rec"i*pe (?), n.; pl. Recipes (#). [L., imperative of recipere to take
   back,  take in, receive. See Receive.] A formulary or prescription for
   making  some  combination,  mixture,  or  preparation  of materials; a
   receipt;  especially,  a  prescription  for  medicine.  <-- now esp. a
   prescription (set of directions) for preparing food -->

                                  Recipiangle

   Re*cip"i*an`gle  (?),  n.  [L.  recipere  to take + angulus angle.] An
   instrument  with  two arms that are pivoted together at one end, and a
   graduated  arc, -- used by military engineers for measuring and laying
   off angles of fortifications.

                            Recipience, Recipiency

   Re*cip"i*ence  (?),  Re*cip"i*en*cy  (?),  n.  The quality or state of
   being recipient; a receiving; reception; receptiveness.

                                   Recipient

   Re*cip"i*ent  (?),  n.  [L.  recipiens,  -entis,  receiving, p. pr. of
   recipere  to  receive:  cf. F. r\'82cipient. See Receive.] A receiver;
   the  person  or  thing  that  receives; one to whom, or that to which,
   anything  is  given  or  communicated; specifically, the receiver of a
   still.

                                   Recipient

   Re*cip"i*ent, a. Receiving; receptive.

                                  Reciprocal

   Re*cip"ro*cal (?), a. [L. reciprocus; of unknown origin.]

   1. Recurring in vicissitude; alternate.

   2. Done by each to the other; interchanging or interchanged; given and
   received;  due  from  each  to  each;  mutual;  as,  reciprocal  love;
   reciprocal duties.

     Let our reciprocal vows be remembered. Shak.

   3. Mutually interchangeable.

     These  two rules will render a definition reciprocal with the thing
     defined. I. Watts.

   4.  (Gram.) Reflexive; -- applied to pronouns and verbs, but sometimes
   limited to such pronouns as express mutual action.

   5.  (Math.)  Used  to denote different kinds of mutual relation; often
   with   reference   to   the  substitution  of  reciprocals  for  given
   quantities. See the Phrases below.
   Reciprocal  equation (Math.), one which remains unchanged in form when
   the  reciprocal  of  the  unknown  quantity  is  substituted  for that
   quantity.  -- Reciprocal figures (Geom.), two figures of the same kind
   (as  triangles,  parallelograms,  prisms,  etc.),  so related that two
   sides  of the one form the extremes of a proportion of which the means
   are  the two corresponding sides of the other; in general, two figures
   so  related  that  the  first  corresponds  in some special way to the
   second,  and  the  second corresponds in the same way to the first. --
   Reciprocal  proportion  (Math.), a proportion such that, of four terms
   taken  in  order, the first has to the second the same ratio which the
   fourth has to the third, or the first has to the second the same ratio
   which the reciprocal of the third has to the reciprocal of the fourth.
   Thus, 2:5: :20:8 form a reciprocal proportion, because 2:5: :1/20:1/8.
   --  Reciprocal  quantities  (Math.),  any two quantities which produce
   unity when multiplied together. -- Reciprocal ratio (Math.), the ratio
   between the reciprocals of two quantities; as, the reciprocal ratio of
   4  to  9  is  that  of \'ac to 1/9. -- Reciprocal terms (Logic), those
   terms  which  have  the  same  signification,  and,  consequently, are
   convertible,  and  may  be  used  for  each  other.  Syn.  --  Mutual;
   alternate.  --  Reciprocal, Mutual. The distinctive idea of mutual is,
   that  the  parties  unite by interchange in the same act; as, a mutual
   covenant;  mutual  affection,  etc. The distinctive idea of reciprocal
   is,  that  one  party  acts  by way of return or response to something
   previously  done  by  the  other  party;  as,  a  reciprocal kindness;
   reciprocal  reproaches,  etc.  Love  is  reciprocal  when the previous
   affection of one party has drawn forth the attachment of the other. To
   make  it  mutual  in  the strictest sense, the two parties should have
   fallen  in  love  at the same time; but as the result is the same, the
   two words are here used interchangeably. The ebbing and flowing of the
   tide is a case where the action is reciprocal, but not mutual.

                                  Reciprocal

   Re*cip"ro*cal, n.

   1. That which is reciprocal to another thing.

     Corruption is a reciprocal to generation. Bacon.

   2.  (Arith.  &  Alg.)  The quotient arising from dividing unity by any
   quantity;  thus  \'ac  is  the  reciprocal  of  4;  1/(a  +  b) is the
   reciprocal  of  a  +  b.  The reciprocal of a fraction is the fraction
   inverted, or the denominator divided by the numerator.

                                 Reciprocality

   Re*cip`ro*cal"i*ty   (?),   n.  The  quality  or  condition  of  being
   reciprocal; reciprocalness. [R.]

                                 Reciprocally

   Re*cip"ro*cal*ly (?), adv.

   1.  In  a  reciprocal  manner;  so that each affects the other, and is
   equally affected by it; interchangeably; mutually.

     These two particles to reciprocally affect each other with the same
     force. Bentley.

   2. (Math.) In the manner of reciprocals.
   Reciprocally  proportional  (Arith.  &  Alg.),  proportional,  as  two
   variable  quantities,  so  that the one shall have a constant ratio to
   the reciprocal of the other.

                                Reciprocalness

   Re*cip"ro*cal*ness   (?),   n.  The  quality  or  condition  of  being
   reciprocal; mutual return; alternateness.

                                  Reciprocate

   Re*cip"ro*cate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Reciprocated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Reciprocating.]  [L.  reciprocatus,  p.  p.  of  reciprocare.  See
   Reciprocal.]  To  move  forward  and backward alternately; to recur in
   vicissitude; to act interchangeably; to alternate.

     One  brawny  smith  the  puffing bellows plies, And draws and blows
     reciprocating air. Dryden.

   Reciprocating  engine, a steam, air, or gas engine, etc., in which the
   piston  moves  back and forth; -- in distinction from a rotary engine,
   in  which  the  piston  travels  continuously  in  one  direction in a
   circular  path.  --  Reciprocating  motion (Mech.), motion alternately
   backward and forward, or up and down, as of a piston rod.

                                  Reciprocate

   Re*cip"ro*cate, v. t. To give and return mutually; to make return for;
   to  give  in  return; to unterchange; to alternate; as, to reciprocate
   favors. Cowper.

                                 Reciprocation

   Re*cip`ro*ca"tion (?), n. [L. reciprocatio: cf. F. reciprocation.]

   1.  The act of reciprocating; interchange of acts; a mutual giving and
   returning; as, the reciprocation of kindness.

   2. Alternate recurrence or action; as, the reciprocation of the sea in
   the flow and ebb of tides. Sir T. Browne.

                                  Reciprocity

   Rec`i*proc"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. r\'82ciprocit\'82. See Reciprocal.]

   1. Mutual action and reaction.

   2. Reciprocal advantages, obligations, or rights; reciprocation.
   Reciprocity  treaty,  OR  Treaty  of  reciprocity,  a treaty concluded
   between  two countries, conferring equal privileges as regards customs
   or  charges  on  imports, or in other respects. Syn. -- Reciprocation;
   interchange; mutuality.

                                Reciprocornous

   Re*cip`ro*cor"nous  (?),  a.  [L.  reciprocus  returning, reciprocal +
   cornu  horn.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Having  horns  turning  backward  and  then
   forward, like those of a ram. [R.] Ash.

                                  Reciprocous

   Re*cip"ro*cous (?), a. Reciprocal. [Obs.]

                                   Reciprok

   Rec"i*prok  (?),  a.  [F.  r\'82ciproque,  L. reciprocus.] Reciprocal.
   [Obs.] B. Jonson.

                                  Reciproque

   Rec"i*proque (?), a. & n. [F. r\'82ciproque.] Reciprocal. Bacon.

                                   Recision

   Re*ci"sion  (?),  n.  [L.  recisio, fr. recidere, recisum, to cut off;
   pref. re- re- + caedere to cut.] The act of cutting off. Sherwood.

                                    Recital

   Re*cit"al (?), n. [From Recite.]

   1.  The act of reciting; the repetition of the words of another, or of
   a document; rehearsal; as, the recital of testimony.

   2.  A  telling in detail and due order of the particulars of anything,
   as of a law, an adventure, or a series of events; narration. Addison.

   3. That which is recited; a story; a narration.

   4.  (Mus.)  A  vocal  or  instrumental  performance  by one person; --
   distinguished  from  concert;  as, a song recital; an organ, piano, or
   violin recital.

   5.  (Law)  The  formal  statement, or setting forth, of some matter of
   fact  in  any deed or writing in order to explain the reasons on which
   the  transaction  is  founded;  the  statement  of  matter in pleading
   introductory  to  some  positive  allegation.  Burn.  Syn. -- Account;
   rehearsal;    recitation;    narration;    description;   explanation;
   enumeration; detail; narrative. See Account.

                                  Recitation

   Rec`i*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  recitatio:  cf.  F.  r\'82citation.  See
   Recite.]

   1.  The  act of reciting; rehearsal; repetition of words or sentences.
   Hammond.

   2.  The  delivery before an audience of something committed to memory,
   especially  as  an  elocutionary  exhibition;  also,  that which is so
   delivered.

   3.  (Colleges  and Schools) The rehearsal of a lesson by pupils before
   their instructor.

                                  Recitative

   Rec`i*ta*tive"  (?),  n.  [It.  recitativo,  or  F.  r\'82citatif. See
   Recite.] (Mus.) A species of musical recitation in which the words are
   delivered  in  manner resembling that of ordinary declamation; also, a
   piece of music intended for such recitation; -- opposed to melisma.

                                  Recitative

   Rec`i*ta*tive",  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  recitation;  intended for
   musical   recitation  or  declamation;  in  the  style  or  manner  of
   recitative. -- Rec`i*ta*tive"ly, adv.

                                  Recitativo

   Rec`i*ta*ti"vo (?), n. [It.] (Mus.) Recitative.

                                    Recite

   Re*cite"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Recited; p. pr. & vb. n. Reciting.]
   [F.  r\'82citer, fr. L. recitare, recitatum; pref. re- re- + citare to
   call or name, to cite. See Cite.]

   1.  To  repeat, as something already prepared, written down, committed
   to memory, or the like; to deliver from a written or printed document,
   or  from  recollection;  to  rehearse;  as,  to recite the words of an
   author, or of a deed or covenant.

   2. To tell over; to go over in particulars; to relate; to narrate; as,
   to recite past events; to recite the particulars of a voyage.

   3. To rehearse, as a lesson to an instructor.

   4.  (Law)  To  state  in  or  as a recital. See Recital, 5. Syn. -- To
   rehearse;  narrate;  relate;  recount; describe; recapitulate; detail;
   number; count.

                                    Recite

   Re*cite",  v.  i.  To  repeat,  pronounce,  or  rehearse, as before an
   audience,  something  prepared  or  committed to memory; to rehearse a
   lesson learned.

                                    Recite

   Re*cite", n. A recital. [Obs.] Sir W. Temple.

                                    Reciter

   Re*cit"er  (?),  n.  One  who  recites;  also,  a book of extracts for
   recitation.

                                     Reck

   Reck (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Recked (?) (obs. imp. Roughte); p. pr. &
   vb.  n.  Recking.]  [AS.  reccan,  r&emc;can, to care for; akin to OS.
   r&omac;kian,  OHG.  ruochan,  G.  geruhen,  Icel. r\'91kja, also to E.
   reckon, rake an implement. See Rake, and cf. Reckon.]

   1. To make account of; to care for; to heed; to regard. [Archaic]

     This son of mine not recking danger. Sir P. Sidney.

     And may you better reck the rede Than ever did the adviser. Burns.

   2. To concern; -- used impersonally. [Poetic]

     What recks it them? Milton.
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                                     Reck

   Reck  (?),  v.  i. To make account; to take heed; to care; to mind; --
   often followed by of. [Archaic]

     Then reck I not, when I have lost my life. Chaucer.

     I reck not though I end my life to-day. Shak.

     Of me she recks not, nor my vain desire. M. Arnold.

                                   Reckless

   Reck"less, a. [AS. reccele\'a0s, r&emac;cele\'a0s.]

   1. Inattentive to duty; careless; neglectful; indifferent. Chaucer.

   2. Rashly negligent; utterly careless or heedless.

     It made the king as reckless as them diligent. Sir P. Sidney.

   Syn.   --   Heedless;   careless;  mindless;  thoughtless;  negligent;
   indifferent;  regardless;  unconcerned;  inattentive; remiss; rash. --
   Reck"less*ly, adv. -- Reck"less*ness, n.

                                   Reckling

   Reck"ling (?), a. Needing care; weak; feeble; as, a reckling child. H.
   Taylor. -- n. A weak child or animal. Tennyson.

                                    Reckon

   Reck"on  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Reckoned (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Reckoning.]  [OE.  rekenen,  AS.  gerecenian  to  explain;  akin to D.
   rekenen  to reckon, G. rechnen, OHG. rahnjan), and to E. reck, rake an
   implement; the original sense probably being, to bring together, count
   together. See Reck, v. t.]

   1. To count; to enumerate; to number; also, to compute; to calculate.

     The  priest  shall  reckon  to him the money according to the years
     that remain. Lev. xxvii. 18.

     I  reckoned  above  two  hundred  and  fifty  on the outside of the
     church. Addison.

   2.  To  count  as in a number, rank, or series; to estimate by rank or
   quality; to place by estimation; to account; to esteem; to repute.

     He was reckoned among the transgressors. Luke xxii. 37.

     For him I reckon not in high estate. Milton.

   3.  To  charge,  attribute,  or  adjudge  to  one, as having a certain
   quality or value.

     Faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness. Rom. iv. 9.

     Without  her  eccentricities  being  reckoned  to  her for a crime.
     Hawthorne.

   4.  To conclude, as by an enumeration and balancing of chances; hence,
   to think; to suppose; -- followed by an objective clause; as, I reckon
   he  won't  try  that  again.  [Prov.  Eng. & Colloq. U. S.] Syn. -- To
   number;   enumerate;  compute;  calculate;  estimate;  value;  esteem;
   account; repute. See Calculate, Guess.

                                    Reckon

   Reck"on, v. i.

   1.  To  make  an enumeration or computation; to engage in numbering or
   computing. Shak.

   2.  To  come  to  an  accounting;  to  make up accounts; to settle; to
   examine and strike the balance of debt and credit; to adjust relations
   of desert or penalty.

     "Parfay," sayst thou, "sometime he reckon shall." Chaucer.

   To reckon for, to answer for; to pay the account for. "If they fail in
   their  bounden duty, they shall reckon for it one day." Bp. Sanderson.
   --  To reckon on OR upon, to count or depend on. -- To reckon with, to
   settle accounts or claims with; -- used literally or figuratively.

     After  a long time the lord of those servants cometh, and reckoneth
     with them. Matt. xxv. 19.

   --  To  reckon  without  one's  host,  to  ignore  in a calculation or
   arrangement  the  person  whose  assent is essential; hence, to reckon
   erroneously.

                                   Reckoner

   Reck"on*er  (?),  n.  One  who  reckons  or  computes; also, a book of
   calculation, tables, etc., to assist in reckoning.

     Reckoners without their host must reckon twice. Camden.

                                   Reckoning

   Reck"on*ing, n.

   1.  The  act  of  one  who reckons, counts, or computes; the result of
   reckoning  or  counting;  calculation. Specifically: (a) An account of
   time.  Sandys.  (b)  Adjustment  of claims and accounts; settlement of
   obligations, liabilities, etc.

     Even   reckoning  makes  lasting  friends,  and  the  way  to  make
     reckonings even is to make them often. South.

     He  quitted  London, never to return till the day of a terrible and
     memorable reckoning had arrived. Macaulay.

   2. The charge or account made by a host at an inn.

     A coin would have a nobler use than to pay a reckoning. Addison.

   3. Esteem; account; estimation.

     You  make  no  further  reckoning of it [beauty] than of an outward
     fading benefit nature bestowed. Sir P. Sidney.

   4.  (Navigation) (a) The calculation of a ship's position, either from
   astronomical  observations,  or from the record of the courses steered
   and  distances  sailed  as  shown by compass and log, -- in the latter
   case  called  dead  reckoning  (see under Dead); -- also used fro dead
   reckoning  in  contradistinction to observation. (b) The position of a
   ship as determined by calculation.
   To  be  out  of  her  reckoning,  to  be  at a distance from the place
   indicated by the reckoning; -- said of a ship.

                                    Reclaim

   Re*claim"  (?),  v.  t.  To  claim  back; to demand the return of as a
   right; to attempt to recover possession of.

     A  tract  of  land  [Holland]  snatched from an element perpetually
     reclaiming its prior occupancy. W. Coxe.

                                    Reclaim

   Re*claim"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Reclaimed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Reclaiming.]  [F.  r\'82clamer,  L.  reclamare, reclamatum, to cry out
   against; pref. re- re- + clamare to call or cry aloud. See Claim.]

   1.  To  call  back,  as  a hawk to the wrist in falconry, by a certain
   customary call. Chaucer.

   2.  To call back from flight or disorderly action; to call to, for the
   purpose of subduing or quieting.

     The  headstrong  horses hurried Octavius . . . along, and were deaf
     to his reclaiming them. Dryden.

   3.  To reduce from a wild to a tamed state; to bring under discipline;
   --  said  especially of birds trained for the chase, but also of other
   animals. "An eagle well reclaimed." Dryden.

   4.  Hence:  To  reduce  to  a  desired  state  by  discipline,  labor,
   cultivation,  or  the  like; to rescue from being wild, desert, waste,
   submerged,  or  the  like;  as, to reclaim wild land, overflowed land,
   etc.

   5. To call back to rectitude from moral wandering or transgression; to
   draw back to correct deportment or course of life; to reform.

     It  is  the intention of Providence, in all the various expressions
     of his goodness, to reclaim mankind. Rogers.

   6. To correct; to reform; -- said of things. [Obs.]

     Your error, in time reclaimed, will be venial. Sir E. Hoby.

   7.  To  exclaim against; to gainsay. [Obs.] Fuller. Syn. -- To reform;
   recover; restore; amend; correct.

                                    Reclaim

   Re*claim" (?), v. i.

   1.  To  cry  out  in  opposition  or contradiction; to exclaim against
   anything; to contradict; to take exceptions.

     Scripture  reclaims,  and  the  whole Catholic church reclaims, and
     Christian ears would not hear it. Waterland.

     At  a  later period Grote reclaimed strongly against Mill's setting
     Whately above Hamilton. Bain.

   2. To bring anyone back from evil courses; to reform.

     They, hardened more by what might most reclaim, Grieving to see his
     glory . . . took envy. Milton.

   3. To draw back; to give way. [R. & Obs.] Spenser.

                                    Reclaim

   Re*claim",  n. The act of reclaiming, or the state of being reclaimed;
   reclamation; recovery. [Obs.]

                                  Reclaimable

   Re*claim"a*ble (?), a. That may be reclaimed.

                                  Reclaimant

   Re*claim"ant  (?),  n. [Cf. F. r\'82clamant, p. pr.] One who reclaims;
   one who cries out against or contradicts.

                                   Reclaimer

   Re*claim"er (?), n. One who reclaims.

                                  Reclaimless

   Re*claim"less, a. That can not be reclaimed.

                                  Reclamation

   Rec`la*ma"tion   (?),   n.  [F.  r\'82clamation,  L.  reclamatio.  See
   Reclaim.]

   1. The act or process of reclaiming.

   2. Representation made in opposition; remonstrance.

     I  would now, on the reclamation both of generosity and of justice,
     try clemency. Landor.

                                    Reclasp

   Re*clasp" (?), v. i. To clasp or unite again.

                                   Reclinant

   Re*clin"ant  (?),  a.  [L.  reclinans, p. pr. See Recline.] Bending or
   leaning backward.

                                   Reclinate

   Rec"li*nate (?), a. [L. reclinatus, p. p.] (Bot.) Reclined, as a leaf;
   bent  downward, so that the point, as of a stem or leaf, is lower than
   the base.

                                  Reclination

   Rec`li*na"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. r\'82clinaison.]

   1. The act of leaning or reclining, or the state of being reclined.

   2.  (Dialing)  The  angle  which  the  plane  of the dial makes with a
   vertical plane which it intersects in a horizontal line. Brande & C.

   3.  (Surg.) The act or process of removing a cataract, by applying the
   needle  to  its  anterior surface, and depressing it into the vitreous
   humor  in  such  a  way that front surface of the cataract becomes the
   upper one and its back surface the lower one. Dunglison.

                                    Recline

   Re*cline"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Reclined (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Reclining.]  [L.  reclinare; pref. re- re- + clinare to lean, incline.
   See  Incline,  Lean  to incline.] To cause or permit to lean, incline,
   rest,  etc., to place in a recumbent position; as, to recline the head
   on the hand.

     The mother Reclined her dying head upon his breast. Dryden.

                                    Recline

   Re*cline", v. i.

   1. To lean or incline; as, to recline against a wall.

   2.  To  assume, or to be in, a recumbent position; as, to recline on a
   couch.

                                    Recline

   Re*cline",  a.  [L.  reclinis.  See Recline, v. t.] Having a reclining
   posture; leaning; reclining. [R.]

     They  sat,  recline  On the soft downy bank, damasked with flowers.
     Milton.

                                   Reclined

   Re*clined" (?), a. (Bot.) Falling or turned downward; reclinate.

                                   Recliner

   Re*clin"er (?), n. One who, or that which, reclines.

                                   Reclining

   Re*clin"ing,  a. (Bot.) (a) Bending or curving gradually back from the
   perpendicular.  (b)  Recumbent.  Reclining dial, a dial whose plane is
   inclined to the vertical line through its center. Davies & Peck (Math.
   Dict.).

                                    Reclose

   Re*close" (?), v. t. To close again. Pope.

                                   Reclothe

   Re*clothe" (?), v. t. To clothe again.

                                    Reclude

   Re*clude"  (?), v. t. [L. recludere to unclose, open; pref. re- again,
   back, un- + claudere to shut.] To open; to unclose. [R.] Harvey.

                                    Recluse

   Re*cluse"  (?),  a. [L. reclus, L. reclusus, from recludere, reclusum,
   to   unclose,  open,  in  LL.,  to  shut  up.  See  Close.]  Shut  up,
   sequestered;  retired  from the world or from public notice; solitary;
   living apart; as, a recluse monk or hermit; a recluse life

     In meditation deep, recluse From human converse. J. Philips.

                                    Recluse

   Re*cluse", n. [F. reclus, LL. reclusus. See Recluse, a.]

   1. A person who lives in seclusion from intercourse with the world, as
   a  hermit  or  monk; specifically, one of a class of secluded devotees
   who live in single cells; usually attached to monasteries.

   2. The place where a recluse dwells. [Obs.] Foxe.

                                    Recluse

   Re*cluse", v. t. To shut; to seclude. [Obs.]

                                   Reclusely

   Re*cluse"ly, adv. In a recluse or solitary manner.

                                  Recluseness

   Re*cluse"ness, n. Quality or state of being recluse.

                                   Reclusion

   Re*clu"sion  (?),  n.  [LL.  reclusio:  cf.  F. reclusion.] A state of
   retirement from the world; seclusion.

                                   Reclusive

   Re*clu"sive (?), a. Affording retirement from society. "Some reclusive
   and religious life." Shak.

                                   Reclusory

   Re*clu"so*ry (?), n. [LL. reclosorium.] The habitation of a recluse; a
   hermitage.

                                    Recoct

   Re*coct"  (?),  v. t. [L. recoctus, p. p. of recoquere to cook or boil
   over  again.  See Re-, and 4th Cook.] To boil or cook again; hence, to
   make over; to vamp up; to reconstruct. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.

                                   Recoction

   Re*coc"tion (?), n. A second coction or preparation; a vamping up.

                                  Recognition

   Rec`og*ni"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  recognitio:  cf.  F.  recognition.  See
   Recognizance.]   The  act  of  recognizing,  or  the  state  of  being
   recognized;  acknowledgment;  formal  avowal;  knowledge  confessed or
   avowed; notice.

     The  lives  of  such  saints  had,  at  the  time  of  their yearly
     memorials, solemn recognition in the church of God. Hooker.

                                  Recognitor

   Re*cog"ni*tor  (?),  n.  [LL.]  (Law)  One  of  a jury impaneled on an
   assize. Blackstone.

                                  Recognitory

   Re*cog"ni*to*ry (?), a. Pertaining to, or connected with, recognition.

                                Recognizability

   Rec`og*ni`za*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  condition  of being
   recognizable.

                                 Recognizable

   Rec"og*ni`za*ble  (?;  277),  a. Capable of being recognized. [Written
   also recognisable.] -- Rec"og*ni`za*bly, adv.

                                 Recognizance

   Re*cog"ni*zance  (?),  n.  [F. reconnaissance, OF. recognoissance, fr.
   recognoissant, p. pr. of recognoistre to recognize, F. reconna\'8ctre,
   fr.  L.  recognoscere;  pref.  re-  re-  +  cognoscere  to  know.  See
   Cognizance,  Know,  and cf. Recognize, Reconnoissance.] >[Written also
   recognisance.]

   1. (Law) (a) An obligation of record entered into before some court of
   record  or  magistrate  duly  authorized,  with  condition  to do some
   particular  act, as to appear at the same or some other court, to keep
   the  peace,  or  pay a debt. A recognizance differs from a bond, being
   witnessed  by  the  record  only, and not by the party's seal. (b) The
   verdict of a jury impaneled upon assize. Cowell.

     NOTE: &hand; Am ong la wyers th e g  in  this and the related words
     (except recognize) is usually silent.

   2. A token; a symbol; a pledge; a badge.

     That recognizance and pledge of love Which I first gave her. Shak.

   3.   Acknowledgment   of   a  person  or  thing;  avowal;  profession;
   recognition.

                                 Recognization

   Re*cog`ni*za"tion (?), n. Recognition. [R.]

                                   Recognize

   Rec"og*nize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Recognized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Recognizing   (?).]   [From   Recognizance;  see  Cognition,  and  cf.
   Reconnoiter.] [Written also recognise.]

   1.  To know again; to perceive the identity of, with a person or thing
   previously known; to recover or recall knowledge of.

     Speak, vassal; recognize thy sovereign queen. Harte.

   2. To avow knowledge of; to allow that one knows; to consent to admit,
   hold,  or  the  like;  to  admit  with a formal acknowledgment; as, to
   recognize an obligation; to recognize a consul.

   3.  To acknowledge acquaintance with, as by salutation, bowing, or the
   like.

   4.   To   show  appreciation  of;  as,  to  recognize  services  by  a
   testimonial.

   5. To review; to re\'89xamine. [Obs.] South.

   6.  To  reconnoiter.  [Obs.]  R.  Monro. Syn. -- To acknowledge; avow;
   confess; own; allow; concede. See Acknowledge.

                                   Recognize

   Rec"og*nize,  v.  i.  (Law)  To enter an obligation of record before a
   proper  tribunal;  as,  A,  B recognized in the sum of twenty dollars.
   [Written also recognise.]

     NOTE: &hand; In  le gal us age in  th e Un ited St ates th e second
     syllable is often accented.

                                  Recognizee

   Re*cog`ni*zee"  (?), n. (Law) The person in whose favor a recognizance
   is made. [Written also recognisee.] Blackstone.

                                   Reconizer

   Rec"o*ni`zer  (?),  n. One who recognizes; a recognizor. [Written also
   recogniser.]

                                  Recognizor

   Re*cog`ni*zor"  (?),  n.  (Law)  One  who  enters into a recognizance.
   [Written also recognisor.] Blackstone.

                                  Recognosce

   Rec"og*nosce  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  recognoscere.  See  Recognizance.] To
   recognize. [R. & Obs.] Boyle.

                                    Recoil

   Re*coil"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Recoiled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Recoiling.]  [OE.  recoilen,  F. reculer, fr. L. pref. re- re- + culus
   the  fundament.  The  English  word  was perhaps influenced in form by
   accoil.]

   1.  To  start,  roll,  bound,  spring, or fall back; to take a reverse
   motion; to be driven or forced backward; to return.

     Evil on itself shall back recoil. Milton.

     The  solemnity  of  her  demeanor  made it impossible . . . that we
     should recoil into our ordinary spirits. De Quincey.

   2. To draw back, as from anything repugnant, distressing, alarming, or
   the like; to shrink. Shak.

   3.  To  turn or go back; to withdraw one's self; to retire. [Obs.] "To
   your bowers recoil." Spenser.

                                    Recoil

   Re*coil", v. t. To draw or go back. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                    Recoil

   Re*coil", n.

   1.  A starting or falling back; a rebound; a shrinking; as, the recoil
   of nature, or of the blood.

   2. The state or condition of having recoiled.

     The recoil from formalism is skepticism. F. W. Robertson.

   3.  Specifically,  the  reaction  or  rebounding  of  a  firearm  when
   discharged.
   Recoil dynamometer (Gunnery), an instrument for measuring the force of
   the  recoil  of  a  firearm.  --  Recoil escapement See the Note under
   Escapement.

                                   Recoiler

   Re*coil"er (?), n. One who, or that which, recoils.

                                  Recoilingly

   Re*coil"ing*ly, adv. In the manner of a recoil.

                                  Recoilment

   Re*coil"ment, n. [Cf. F. reculement.] Recoil. [R.]

                                    Recoin

   Re*coin" (?), v. t. To coin anew or again.

                                   Recoinage

   Re*coin"age (?), n.

   1. The act of coining anew.

   2. That which is coined anew.

                                  Re-collect

   Re`-col*lect"  (?),  v. t. [Pref. re- + collect.] To collect again; to
   gather what has been scattered; as, to re-collect routed troops.

     God  will one day raise the dead, re-collecting our scattered dust.
     Barrow.

                                   Recollect

   Rec`ol*lect"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Recollected; imp. & p. p.
   Recollecting.]  [Pref. re- + collect: cf. L. recolligere, recollectum,
   to collect. Cf. Recollet.]

   1. To recover or recall the knowledge of; to bring back to the mind or
   memory; to remember.

   2. Reflexively, to compose one's self; to recover self-command; as, to
   recollect  one's  self after a burst of anger; -- sometimes, formerly,
   in the perfect participle.

     The  Tyrian queen . . . Admired his fortunes, more admired the man;
     Then recollected stood. Dryden.

                                   Recollect

   Rec"ol*lect,  n.  [See  Recollet.]  (Eccl.)  A  friar  of  the  Strict
   Observance, -- an order of Franciscans. [Written also Recollet.] Addis
   & Arnold.
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                                 Recollection

   Rec`ol*lec"tion (r?k`?l*l?k"sh?n), n. [Cf. F. r\'82collection.]

   1.  The act of recollecting, or recalling to the memory; the operation
   by  which  objects are recalled to the memory, or ideas revived in the
   mind; reminiscence; remembrance.

   2.  The  power  of  recalling  ideas to the mind, or the period within
   which  things  can  be  recollected; remembrance; memory; as, an event
   within my recollection.

   3.  That which is recollected; something called to mind; reminiscence.
   "One of his earliest recollections." Macaulay.

   4.  The  act  or  practice  of  collecting  or concentrating the mind;
   concentration; self-control. [Archaic]

     From  such  an  education  Charles contracted habits of gravity and
     recollection. Robertson.

   Syn. -- Reminiscence; remembrance. See Memory.

                                 Recollective

   Rec`ol*lect"ive  (-l?k"t?v),  a.  Having the power of recollecting. J.
   Foster.

                                   Recollet

   Rec"ol*let  (r?k"?l*l?t;  F.  r?`k?`l?"),  n.  [F. r\'82collet, fr. L.
   recollectus,  p.p.  of recolligere to gather again, to gather up; NL.,
   to collect one's self, esp. for religious contemplation.] (Eccl.) Same
   as Recollect, n.

                                Recolonization

   Re*col`o*ni*za"tion  (r?*k?l`?*n?*z?"sh?n),  n.  A  second  or renewed
   colonization.

                                  Recolonize

   Re*col"o*nize (r?*k?l"?*n?z), v. t. To colonize again.

                                 Recombination

   Re*com`bi*na"tion  (r?*k?m`b?*n?"sh?n),  n.  Combination  a  second or
   additional time.

                                   Recombine

   Re`com*bine" (r?`k?m*b?n"), v. t. To combine again.

                                   Recomfort

   Re*com"fort  (r?*k?m"f?rt),  v.  t.  [Pref.  re-  +  comfort:  cf.  F.
   r\'82conforter.]  To  comfort  again;  to  console  anew;  to give new
   strength to. Bacon.

     Gan her recomfort from so sad affright. Spenser.

                                 Recomfortless

   Re*com"fort*less, a. Without comfort. [Obs.]

                                 Recomforture

   Re*com"for*ture   (-f?r*t?r;135),   n.   The   act   of  recomforting;
   restoration of comfort. [Obs.] Shak.

                                  Recommence

   Re`com*mence" (r?`k?m*m?ns"), v. i.

   1. To commence or begin again. Howell.

   2. To begin anew to be; to act again as. [Archaic.]

     He seems desirous enough of recommencing courtier. Johnson.

                                  Recommence

   Re`com*mence",  v.  t.  [Pref. re- + commence: cf. F. recommencer.] To
   commence again or anew.

                                Recommencement

   Re`com*mence"ment (-m?nt), n. A commencement made anew.

                                   Recommend

   Rec`om*mend" (r?k`?m*m?nd"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Recommended; p. pr. &
   vb. n. Recommending.] [Pref. re- + commend: cf. F. recommander.]

   1.  To  commend  to  the  favorable  notice  of  another; to commit to
   another's    care,    confidence,   or   acceptance,   with   favoring
   representations; to put in a favorable light before any one; to bestow
   commendation  on;  as,  he recommended resting the mind and exercising
   the body.

     M\'91cenas recommended Virgil and Horace to Augustus, whose praises
     . . . have made him precious to posterity. Dryden.

   2. To make acceptable; to attract favor to.

     A  decent  boldness  ever  meets with friends, Succeeds, and e'en a
     stranger recommends. Pope.

   3. To commit; to give in charge; to commend.

     Paul  chose  Silas  and departed, being recommended by the brethren
     unto the grace of God. Acts xv. 40

   .

                                 Recommendable

   Rec`om*mend"a*ble  (-?*b'l), a. [Cf. F. recommandable.] Suitable to be
   recommended;    worthy    of   praise;   commendable.   Glanvill.   --
   Rec`om*mend"a*ble*ness, n. -- Rec`om*mend"a*bly, adv.

                                Recommendation

   Rec`om*men*da"tion (r?k`?m*m?n*d?"sh?n), n. [Cf. F. recommandation.]

   1. The act of recommending.

   2. That which recommends, or commends to favor; anything procuring, or
   tending to procure, a favorable reception, or to secure acceptance and
   adoption; as, he brought excellent recommendations.

   3. The state of being recommended; esteem. [R.]

     The  burying  of  the  dead  .  .  .  hath  always  been  had in an
     extraordinary recommendation amongst the ancient. Sir T. North.

                                Recommendative

   Rec`om*mend"a*tive   (-m?nd"?*t?v),   n.   That  which  recommends;  a
   recommendation. [Obs.]

                                Recommendatory

   Rec`om*mend"a*to*ry (-?*t?*r?), a. Serving to recommend; recommending;
   commendatory. Swift.

                                  Recommender

   Rec`om*mend"er (-?r), n. One who recommends.

                                 Recommission

   Re`com*mis"sion  (r?`k?m*m?sh?n), v. t. To commission again; to give a
   new commission to.

     Officers   whose   time   of   service   had  expired  were  to  be
     recommissioned. Marshall.

                                   Recommit

   Re`com*mit" (-m?t"), v. t. To commit again; to give back into keeping;
   specifically, to refer again to a committee; as, to recommit a bill to
   the same committee.

                        Recommitment -mnt, Recommittal

   Re`com*mit"ment  (-m?nt), Re`com*mit"tal (-?l), n. A second or renewed
   commitment; a renewed reference to a committee.

                                   Recompact

   Re`com*pact"  (-p?kt"),  v.  t. To compact or join anew. "Recompact my
   scattered body." Donne.

                                Recompensation

   Re*com`pen*sa"tion (r?*k?m`p?n*s?"sh?n), n. [Cf. LL. recompensatio.]

   1. Recompense. [Obs.]

   2.  (Scots  Law)  Used to denote a case where a set-off pleaded by the
   defendant is met by a set-off pleaded by the plaintiff.

                                  Recompense

   Rec"om*pense  (r\'cbk"\'cem*p\'cbns),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Recompensed
   (-p?nst);   p.   pr.   &   vb.   n.   Recompensing  (-p?n`s?ng).]  [F.
   r\'82compenser,  LL. recompensare, fr.L. pref. re- re- + compensare to
   compensate. See Compensate.]

   1. To render an equivalent to, for service, loss, etc.; to requite; to
   remunerate; to compensate.

     He can not recompense me better. Shak.

   2.  To  return  an  equivalent for; to give compensation for; to atone
   for; to pay for.

     God recompenseth the gift. Robynson (More's Utopia).

     To recompense My rash, but more unfortunate, misdeed. Milton.

   3.  To  give  in  return;  to pay back; to pay, as something earned or
   deserved. [R.]

     Recompense to no man evil for evil. Rom. xii. 17.

   Syn. -- To repay; requite; compensate; reward; remunerate.

                                  Recompense

   Rec"om*pense  (r?k"?m*p?ns),  v. i. To give recompense; to make amends
   or requital. [Obs.]

                                  Recompense

   Rec"om*pense,  n.  [Cf.  F. r\'82compense.] An equivalent returned for
   anything  done,  suffered,  or given; compensation; requital; suitable
   return.

     To me belongeth vengeance, and recompense. Deut. xxii. 35.

     And every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense
     of reward. Heb. ii. 2.

   Syn.  --  Repayment; compensation; remuneration; amends; satisfaction;
   reward; requital.

                                Recompensement

   Rec"om*pense`ment   (-p?ns`m?nt),   n.  Recompense;  requital.  [Obs.]
   Fabyan.

                                  Recompenser

   Rec"om*pen`ser (-p?n`s?r), n. One who recompenses.

     A thankful recompenser of the benefits received. Foxe.

                                 Recompensive

   Rec"om*pen`sive  (-s?v),  a.  Of  the nature of recompense; serving to
   recompense. Sir T. Browne.

                                 Recompilation

   Re*com`pi*la"tion (r?*k?m`p?*l?"tion), n. A new compilation.

                                   Recompile

   Re`com*pile" (r\'c7`k\'cem*p\'c6l"), v. t. To compile anew.

                                 Recompilement

   Re`com*pile"ment  (-ment),  n. The act of recompiling; new compilation
   or digest; as, a recompilement of the laws. Bacon.

                                   Recompose

   Re`com*pose"  (-p?z"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Recomposed (-p?zd"); p. pr.
   & vb. n. Recomposing.] [Pref. re- + compose: cf. F. recomposer.]

   1.  To  compose  again;  to  form  anew;  to  put  together  again  or
   repeatedly.

     The  far greater number of the objects presented to our observation
     can  only  be  decomposed,  but  not  actually  recomposed.  Sir W.
     Hamilton.

   2.  To  restore  to  composure;  to quiet anew; to tranquilize; as, to
   recompose the mind. Jer. Taylor.

                                  Recomposer

   Re`com*pos"er (-p?z"?r), n. One who recomposes.

                                 Recomposition

   Re*com`po*si"tion  (r?*k?m`p?z?sh?n),  n.  [Cf. F. recomposition.] The
   act of recomposing.

                                 Reconcilable

   Rec"on*ci`la*ble  (r?k"?n*s?`l?*b'l),  a.  [Cf.  F. r\'82conciliable.]
   Capable  of  being  reconciled;  as,  reconcilable adversaries; an act
   reconciable with previous acts.

     The  different  accounts  of the numbers of ships are reconcilable.
     Arbuthnot.

   -- Rec"on*ci`la*ble*ness, n. -- Rec"on*ci`la*bly, adv.

                                   Reconcile

   Rec"on*cile`  (-s?l`), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Reconciled (-s?ld`); p. pr.
   &  vb. n. Reconciling.] [F. r\'82concilier, L. reconciliare; pref. re-
   re- + conciliare to bring together, to unite. See Conciliate.]

   1.  To  cause  to be friendly again; to conciliate anew; to restore to
   friendship;  to  bring  back  to  harmony; to cause to be no longer at
   variance; as, to reconcile persons who have quarreled.

     Propitious now and reconciled by prayer. Dryden.

     The church [if defiled] is interdicted till it be reconciled [i.e.,
     restored to sanctity] by the bishop. Chaucer.

     We pray you . . . be ye reconciled to God. 2 Cor. v. 20.

   2.  To  bring  to  acquiescence,  content, or quiet submission; as, to
   reconcile one's self to affictions.

   3.  To  make  consistent  or  congruous;  to  bring  to  agreement  or
   suitableness; -- followed by with or to.

     The great men among the ancients understood how to reconcile manual
     labor with affairs of state. Locke.

     Some  figures monstrous and misshaped appear, Considered singly, or
     beheld  too  near; Which, but proportioned to their light or place,
     Due distance reconciles to form and grace. Pope.

   4.  To  adjust;  to  settle;  as, to reconcile differences. Syn. -- To
   reunite; conciliate; placate; propitiate; pacify; appease.

                                   Reconcile

   Rec"on*cile`, v. i. To become reconciled. [Obs.]

                                 Reconcilement

   Rec"on*cile`ment (-ment), n. Reconciliation. Milton.

                                  Reconciler

   Rec"on*ci`ler (-s?`l?r), n. One who reconciles.

                                Reconciliation

   Rec`on*cil`i*a"tion  (-s?l`?*?"sh?n),  n.  [F.  r\'82conciliation,  L.
   reconciliatio.]

   1.  The  act  of  reconciling,  or  the  state  of  being  reconciled;
   reconcilenment; restoration to harmony; renewal of friendship.

     Reconciliation and friendship with God really form the basis of all
     rational and true enjoyment. S. Miller.

   2.  Reduction  to congruence or consistency; removal of inconsistency;
   harmony.

     A clear and easy reconciliation of those seeming inconsistencies of
     Scripture. D. Rogers.

   Syn.    --    Reconciliment;   reunion;   pacification;   appeasement;
   propitiation; atonement; expiation.

                                Reconciliatory

   Rec`on*cil"i*a*to*ry   (-s?l"?*?*t?*r?),  a.  Serving  or  tending  to
   reconcile. Bp. Hall.

                                Recondensation

   Re*con`den*sa"tion  (r?*k?n`d?n*s?"sh?n),  n.  The  act  or process of
   recondensing.

                                  Recondense

   Re`con*dense" (r?`k?n*d?ns"), v. t.To condense again.

                                   Recondite

   Rec"on*dite  (r?k"?n*d?t  OR r?*k?n"d?t;277), a. [L. reconditus, p. p.
   of  recondere  to put up again, to lay up, to conceal; pref. re- re- +
   condere to bring or lay together. See Abscond.]

   1.  Hidden from the mental or intellectual view; secret; abstruse; as,
   recondite causes of things.

   2.  Dealing  in  things  abstruse;  profound; searching; as, recondite
   studies. "Recondite learning." Bp. Horsley.

                                  Reconditory

   Re*con"di*to*ry    (r?k?n"d?*t?*r?),   n.   [LL.   reconditorium.]   A
   repository; a storehouse. [Obs.] Ash.

                                   Reconduct

   Re`con*duct"  (r?`k?n*d?kt"), v. t. To conduct back or again. "A guide
   to reconduct thy steps." Dryden.

                                   Reconfirm

   Re`con*firm"   (-f?rm"),   v.   t.   [Pref.  re-  +  confirm:  cf.  F.
   reconfirmer.] To confirm anew. Clarendon.

                                   Reconfort

   Re`con*fort"  (-f?rt"),  v.  t.  [F. r\'82conforter.] To recomfort; to
   comfort. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                   Reconjoin

   Re`con*join" (r?`k?n*join"), v. t. To join or conjoin anew. Boyle.

                        Reconnoissance, Reconnaissance

   Re*con"nois*sance,  Re*con"nais*sance  (r?-k?n"n?s-s?ns),  n.  [F. See
   Recognizance.]  The  act of reconnoitering; preliminary examination or
   survey. Specifically: (a) (Geol.) An examination or survey of a region
   in  reference  to  its  general  geological character. (b) (Engin.) An
   examination   of   a  region  as  to  its  general  natural  features,
   preparatory   to   a  more  particular  survey  for  the  purposes  of
   triangulation,  or  of  determining the location of a public work. (c)
   (Mil.)  An  examination of a territory, or of an enemy's position, for
   the  purpose of obtaining information necessary for directing military
   operations;  a preparatory expedition. Reconnoissance in force (Mil.),
   a  demonstration  or attack by a large force of troops for the purpose
   of discovering the position and strength of an enemy.

                           Reconnoiter, Reconnoitre

   Rec`on*noi"ter,    Rec`on*noi"tre    (r?k`?n*noi"t?r),   v.   t.   [F.
   reconnoitre, a former spelling of reconna\'8ctre. See Recognize.]

   1. To examine with the eye to make a preliminary examination or survey
   of; esp., to survey with a view to military or engineering operations.

   2. To recognize. [Obs.] Sir H. Walpole.

                                   Reconquer

   Re*con"quer   (r?*k?n"k?r),  v.  t.  [Pref.  re-  +  conquer:  cf.  F.
   reconqu\'82rir.]  To  conquer  again;  to  recover by conquest; as, to
   reconquer a revolted province.

                                  Reconquest

   Re*con"quest (-kw?st), n. A second conquest.

                                 Reconsecrate

   Re*con"se*crate (-k?n"s?*kr?t), v. t. To consecrate anew or again.

                                Reconsecration

   Re*con`se*cra"tion, n. Renewed consecration.

                                  Reconsider

   Re`con*sid"er (r?`k?n*s?d"?r), v. t.

   1. To consider again; as, to reconsider a subject.

   2. (Parliamentary Practice) To take up for renewed consideration, as a
   motion or a vote which has been previously acted upon.

                                Reconsideration

   Re`con*sid`er*a"tion  (-?"sh?n),  n.  The act of reconsidering, or the
   state  of  being  reconsidered; as, the reconsideration of a vote in a
   legislative body.

                                  Reconsolate

   Re*con"so*late  (r?*k?n"s?*l?t),  v.  t.  To console or comfort again.
   [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton.

                                 Reconsolidate

   Re`con*sol"i*date  (r?`k?n*s?l"?*d?t),  v.  t.  To consolidate anew or
   again.

                                Reconsolidation

   Re`con*sol`i*da"tion   (-d?"sh?n),   n.   The   act   or   process  of
   reconsolidating; the state of being reconsolidated.

                                  Reconstruct

   Re`con*struct"  (-str?kt"),  v.  t. To construct again; to rebuild; to
   remodel; to form again or anew.

     Regiments had been dissolved and reconstructed. Macaulay.

                                Reconstruction

   Re`con*struc"tion (-str?k"sh?n), n.

   1. The act of constructing again; the state of being reconstructed.

   2.  (U.S. Politics) The act or process of reorganizing the governments
   of  the  States  which  had  passed  ordinances  of  secession, and of
   re\'89stablishing  their  constitutional  relations  to  the  national
   government, after the close of the Civil War.

                                Reconstructive

   Re`con*struct"ive   (-str?k"t?v),   a.   Reconstructing;   tending  to
   reconstruct; as, a reconstructive policy.

                                 Recontinuance

   Re`con*tin"u*ance (-t?n"?*?ns), n. The act or state of recontinuing.

                                  Recontinue

   Re`con*tin"ue (-?), v. t. & i. To continue anew.

                                   Reconvene

   Re`con*vene"  (r?`k?n*v?n"),  v. t. & i. To convene or assemble again;
   to call or come together again.

                                 Reconvention

   Re`con*ven"tion  (-v?n"sh?n), n. (Civil Law) A cross demand; an action
   brought  by the defendant against the plaintiff before the same judge.
   Burrill. Bouvier.

                                 Reconversion

   Re`con*ver"sion (-v?r"sh?n), n. A second conversion.

                                   Reconvert

   Re`con*vert" (-v?rt"), v. t. To convert again. Milton.

                                   Reconvert

   Re*con"vert  (r?*k?n"v?rt),  n.  A  person  who  has been reconverted.
   Gladstone.

                                 Reconvertible

   Re`con*vert"i*ble  (r?`k?n*v?rt"?*b'l),  a.  (Chem.)  Capable of being
   reconverted; convertible again to the original form or condition.

                                   Reconvey

   Re`con*vey" (-v?"), v. t.

   1. To convey back or to the former place; as, to reconvey goods.

   2. To transfer back to a former owner; as, to reconvey an estate.

                                 Reconveyance

   Re`con*vey"ance (-v?"?ns), n. Act of reconveying.

                                    Recopy

   Re*cop"y (r?*k?p"?), v. t. To copy again.

                                    Record

   Re*cord"  (r?*k?rd"),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Recorded; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Recording.]  [OE.  recorden  to  repeat,  remind,  F. recorder, fr. L.
   recordari to remember; pref. re- re- + cor, cordis, the heart or mind.
   See Cordial, Heart.]

   1.  To  recall to mind; to recollect; to remember; to meditate. [Obs.]
   "I it you record." Chaucer.

   2. To repeat; to recite; to sing or play. [Obs.]

     They  longed to see the day, to hear the lark Record her hymns, and
     chant her carols blest. Fairfax.

   3.  To  preserve the memory of, by committing to writing, to printing,
   to  inscription,  or the like; to make note of; to write or enter in a
   book or on parchment, for the purpose of preserving authentic evidence
   of;  to register; to enroll; as, to record the proceedings of a court;
   to record historical events.

     Those  things  that  are  recorded  of him . . . are written in the
     chronicles of the kings. 1 Esd. i. 42.

   To  record  a  deed, mortgage, lease, etc., to have a copy of the same
   entered  in  the  records  of  the  office  designated by law, for the
   information of the public.

                                    Record

   Re*cord", v. i.

   1. To reflect; to ponder. [Obs.]

     Praying  all  the way, and recording upon the words which he before
     had read. Fuller.

   2. To sing or repeat a tune. [Obs.] Shak.

     Whether the birds or she recorded best. W. Browne.

                                    Record

   Rec"ord  (r?k"?rd),  n. [OF. recort, record, remembrance, attestation,
   record. See Record, v. t.]

   1.  A  writing  by  which  same  act  or event, or a number of acts or
   events,  is  recorded;  a  register;  as,  a record of the acts of the
   Hebrew  kings;  a  record  of  the  variations of temperature during a
   certain time; a family record.

   2.  Especially:  (a)  An official contemporaneous writing by which the
   acts  of  some  public  body,  or  public officer, are recorded; as, a
   record  of  city ordinances; the records of the receiver of taxes. (b)
   An  authentic  official copy of a document which has been entered in a
   book,  or  deposited in the keeping of some officer designated by law.
   (c)  An official contemporaneous memorandum stating the proceedings of
   a  court  of  justice; a judicial record. (d) The various legal papers
   used  in  a  case,  together  with memoranda of the proceedings of the
   court; as, it is not permissible to allege facts not in the record.

   3. Testimony; witness; attestation.

     John bare record, saying. John i. 32

   .

   4.  That  which  serves to perpetuate a knowledge of acts or events; a
   monument; a memorial.

   5.  That which has been, or might be, recorded; the known facts in the
   course,  progress, or duration of anything, as in the life of a public
   man; as, a politician with a good or a bad record.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1201

   6.  That  which  has been publicly achieved in any kind of competitive
   sport  as recorded in some authoritative manner, as the time made by a
   winning horse in a race.
   Court  of  record  (pron.  rin  Eng.), a court whose acts and judicial
   proceedings  are  written  on  parchment  or  in books for a perpetual
   memorial.  --  Debt  of  record, a debt which appears to be due by the
   evidence  of a court of record, as upon a judgment or a cognizance. --
   Trial  by  record,  a  trial  which  is had when a matter of record is
   pleaded,  and  the opposite party pleads that there is no such record.
   In this case the trial is by inspection of the record itself, no other
   evidence  being  admissible.  Blackstone.  --  To  beat, OR break, the
   record  (Sporting),  to  surpass  any  performance  of  like  kind  as
   authoritatively recorded; as, to break the record in a walking match.

                                  Recordance

   Re*cord"ance (r?*k?rd"?ns), n. Remembrance. [Obs.]

                                  Recordation

   Rec`or*da"tion   (r?k`?r*d?"sh?n),   n.   [L.   recordatio:   cf.   F.
   recordation.  See  Record,  v.  t.] Remembrance; recollection; also, a
   record. [Obs.] Shak.

                                   Recorder

   Re*cord"er (r?*k?rd"?r), n.

   1.  One  who records; specifically, a person whose official duty it is
   to make a record of writings or transactions.

   2. The title of the chief judical officer of some cities and boroughs;
   also,  of the chief justice of an East Indian settlement. The Recorder
   of  London  is  judge  of  the  Lord  Mayor's  Court,  and  one of the
   commissioners of the Central Criminal Court.

   3.  (Mus.)  A kind of wind instrument resembling the flageolet. [Obs.]
   "Flutes and soft recorders." Milton.

                                 Recordership

   Re*cord"er*ship, n. The office of a recorder.

                                   Recording

   Re*cord"ing,  a.  Keeping  a  record  or  a  register; as, a recording
   secretary;  --  applied  to  numerous  instruments  with  an automatic
   appliance  which makes a record of their action; as, a recording gauge
   or telegraph.

                               Recorporification

   Re`cor*por`i*fi*ca"tion   (r?`k?r*p?r`?*f?*k?"sh?n),  n.  The  act  of
   investing  again with a body; the state of being furnished anew with a
   body. [R.] Boyle.

                                    Recouch

   Re*couch" (r?*kouch"), v. i. [Pref. re- + couch: cf. F. recoucher.] To
   retire again to a couch; to lie down again. [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton.

                                    Recount

   Re*count"  (r?*kount"),  v. t. [Pref. re- + count.] To count or reckon
   again.

                                    Recount

   Re*count", n. A counting again, as of votes.

                                    Recount

   Re*count" (r?*kount"), v. t. [F. raconter to relate, to recount; pref.
   re-  again  + ad.) + conter to relate. See Count, v.] To tell over; to
   relate in detail; to recite; to tell or narrate the particulars of; to
   rehearse; to enumerate; as, to recount one's blessings. Dryden.

     To  all  his  angels, who, with true applause, Recount his praises.
     Milton.

                                  Recountment

   Re*count`ment (-m?nt), n. Recital. [Obs.] Shak.

                                Recoup, Recoupe

   Re*coup",  Re*coupe"  (-k??p"),  v.  t.  [F. recouper; pref. re- re- +
   couper to cut.]

   1. (Law) To keep back rightfully (a part), as if by cutting off, so as
   to  diminish  a sum due; to take off (a part) from damages; to deduct;
   as,  where  a  landlord  recouped  the  rent  of premises from damages
   awarded to the plaintiff for eviction.

   2.  To get an equivalent or compensation for; as, to recoup money lost
   at the gaming table; to recoup one's losses in the share market.

   3.  To  reimburse;  to indemnify; -- often used reflexively and in the
   passive.

     Elizabeth  had  lost  her  venture;  but if she was bold, she might
     recoup herself at Philip's cost. Froude.

     Industry  is  sometimes  recouped  for  a  small price by extensive
     custom. Duke of Argyll.

                                   Recouper

   Re*coup"er (r?*k??p"?r), n. One who recoups. Story.

                                  Recoupment

   Re*coup"ment (-m?nt), n. The act of recouping.

     NOTE: &hand; Recoupment applies to equities growing out of the very
     affair   from   which  thw  principal  demand  arises,  set-off  to
     cross-demands which may be independent in origin.

   Abbott.

                                   Recourse

   Re*course"  (r?*k?rs"),  n.  [F.  recours, L. recursus a running back,
   return, fr. recurrere, recursum, to run back. See Recur.]

   1.  A  coursing  back, or coursing again, along the line of a previous
   coursing;  renewed  course;  return; retreat; recurence. [Obs.] "Swift
   recourse of flushing blood." Spenser.

     Unto my first I will have my recourse. Chaucer.

     Preventive  physic . . . preventeth sickness in the healthy, or the
     recourse thereof in the valetudinary. Sir T. Browne.

   2.  Recurrence in difficulty, perplexity, need, or the like; access or
   application for aid; resort.

     Thus died this great peer, in a time of great recourse unto him and
     dependence upon him. Sir H. Wotton.

     Our last recourse is therefore to our art. Dryden.

   3. Access; admittance. [Obs.]

     Give me recourse to him. Shak.

   Without  recourse (Commerce), words sometimes added to the indorsement
   of  a  negotiable instrument to protect the indorser from liability to
   the indorsee and subsequent holders. It is a restricted indorsement.

                                   Recourse

   Re*course", v. i.

   1. To return; to recur. [Obs.]

     The flame departing and recoursing. Foxe.

   2. To have recourse; to resort. [Obs.] Bp. Hacket.

                                  Recourseful

   Re*course"ful  (-f?l),  a.  Having  recurring  flow  and  ebb;  moving
   alternately. [Obs.] Drayton.

                                    Recover

   Re*cov"er (r?*k?v"?r), v. t. [Pref. re- + cover: cf. F. recouvrir.] To
   cover again. Sir W. Scott.

                                    Recover

   Re*cov"er  (r?*k?v"?r), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Recovered (-?rd); p. pr. &
   vb.  n. Recovering. ] [OE. recoveren, OF. recovrer, F. recouvrer, from
   L.   recuperare;   pref.   re-   re   +  a  word  of  unknown  origin.
   Cf.Recuperate.]

   1.  To get or obtain again; to get renewed possession of; to win back;
   to regain.

     David  recovered  all that the Amalekites had carried away. 1. Sam.
     xxx. 18.

   2.  To make good by reparation; to make up for; to retrieve; to repair
   the  loss  or  injury of; as, to recover lost time. "Loss of catel may
   recovered be." Chaucer.

     Even  good men have many failings and lapses to lament and recover.
     Rogers.

   3.  To restore from sickness, faintness, or the like; to bring back to
   life or health; to cure; to heal.

     The wine in my bottle will recover him. Shak.

   4. To overcome; to get the better of, -- as a state of mind or body.

     I do hope to recover my late hurt. Cowley.

     When I had recovered a little my first surprise. De Foe.

   5. To rescue; to deliver.

     That they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who
     are taken captive by him. 2. Tim. ii. 26.

   6.  To  gain  by  motion  or  effort; to obtain; to reach; to come to.
   [Archaic]

     The forest is not three leagues off; If we recover that, we're sure
     enough. Shak.

     Except  he could recover one of the Cities of Refuge he was to die.
     Hales.

   7.  (Law) To gain as a compensation; to obtain in return for injury or
   debt; as, to recover damages in trespass; to recover debt and costs in
   a  suit at law; to obtain title to by judgement in a court of law; as,
   to  recover  lands  in  ejectment or common recovery; to gain by legal
   process; as, to recover judgement against a defendant.
   Recover arms (Mil. Drill), a command whereby the piece is brought from
   the  position  of  "aim"  to  that  of  "ready."  Syn.  --  To regain;
   repossess; resume; retrieve; recruit; heal; cure.

                                    Recover

   Re*cov"er (r?*k?v"?r), v. i.

   1.  To  regain  health after sickness; to grow well; to be restored or
   cured;  hence, to regain a former state or condition after misfortune,
   alarm,  etc.;  --  often followed by of or from; as, to recover from a
   state of poverty; to recover from fright.

     Go,  inquire  of  Baal-zebub,  the  god  of  Ekron, whether I shall
     recover of this disease. 2 Kings i. 2.

   2. To make one's way; to come; to arrive. [Obs.]

     With much ado the Christians recovered to Antioch. Fuller.

   3.  (Law)  To  obtain  a  judgement;  to succeed in a lawsuit; as, the
   plaintiff has recovered in his suit.

                                    Recover

   Re*cov"er, n. Recovery. Sir T. Malory.

                                  Recoverable

   Re*cov"er*a*ble  (-?*b'l),  a.  [Cf. F. recouvrable.] Capable of being
   recovered  or  regained;  capable  of  being  brought back to a former
   condition,  as  from  sickness,  misfortune,  etc.;  obtainable from a
   debtor  or  possessor; as, the debt is recoverable; goods lost or sunk
   in the ocean are not recoverable.

     A   prodigal   course  Is  like  the  sun's;  but  not,  like  his,
     recoverable. Shak.

     If I am recoverable, why am I thus? Cowper.

   -- Re*cov"er*a*ble*ness, n.

                                 Re coverance

   Re cov"er*ance (ans), n. Recovery. [Obs.]

                                   Recoveree

   Re*cov`er*ee"  (-?"),  n.  (Law) The person against whom a judgment is
   obtained in common recovery.

                                   Recoverer

   Re*cov"er*er (r?*k?v"?r*?r), n.One who recovers.

                                   Recoveror

   Re*cov`er*or" (-?r), n. (Law) The demandant in a common recovery after
   judgment. Wharton.

                                   Recovery

   Re*cov"er*y (r?*k?v"?r*?), n.

   1. The act of recovering, regaining, or retaking possession.

   2.  Restoration  from  sickness,  weakness,  faintness,  or  the like;
   restoration from a condition of mistortune, of fright, etc.

   3.  (Law)  The obtaining in a suit at law of a right to something by a
   verdict and judgment of court.

   4.  The  getting,  or gaining, of something not previously had. [Obs.]
   "Help be past recovery." Tusser.

   5.  In  rowing,  the act of regaining the proper position for making a
   new stroke.
   Common  recovery  (Law),  a  species  of  common  assurance or mode of
   conveying lands by matter of record, through the forms of an action at
   law,  formerly in frequent use, but now abolished or obsolete, both in
   England and America. Burrill. Warren.

                                   Recreance

   Rec"re*ance (r?k"r?*?ns), n. Recreancy.

                                   Recreancy

   Rec"re*an*cy (-an*s?), n. The quality or state of being recreant.

                                   Recreant

   Rec"re*ant  (-ant),  a.  [OF.,  cowardly,  fr.  recroire, recreire, to
   forsake,  leave,  tire, discourage, regard as conquered, LL. recredere
   se  to declare one's self conquered in combat; hence, those are called
   recrediti  or  recreanti  who  are  considered  infamous; L. pref. re-
   again, back + credere to believe, to be of opinion; hence, originally,
   to disavow one's opinion. See Creed.]

   1.  Crying for mercy, as a combatant in the trial by battle; yielding;
   cowardly; mean-spirited; craven. "This recreant knight." Spenser.

   2. Apostate; false; unfaithful.

     Who, for so many benefits received, Turned recreant to God, ingrate
     and false. Milton.

                                   Recreant

   Rec"re*ant,  n.  One  who  yields  in  combat,  and  begs for mercy; a
   mean-spirited, cowardly wretch. Blackstone.

     You are all recreants and dastards! Shak.

                                   Re-create

   Re`-cre*ate"  (r?`kr?*?t"),  v.  t. [Pref. re- + create.] To create or
   form anew.

     On  opening the campaign of 1776, instead of re\'89nforcing, it was
     necessary to re-create, the army. Marshall.

                                   Recreate

   Rec"re*ate  (rk"r*t),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Recreated (-`td); p. pr. &
   vb.  n.  Recreating.] [L. recreatus, p. p. of recreate to create anew,
   to  refresh;  pref.  re-  re- + creare to create. See Create.] To give
   fresh  life  to; to reanimate; to revive; especially, to refresh after
   wearying  toil  or anxiety; to relieve; to cheer; to divert; to amuse;
   to gratify.

     Painters, when they work on white grounds, place before them colors
     mixed with blue and green, to recreate their eyes, white wearying .
     . . the sight more than any. Dryden.

     St.   John,  who  recreated  himself  with  sporting  with  a  tame
     partridge. Jer. Taylor.

     These  ripe fruits recreate the nostrils with their aromatic scent.
     Dr. H. More.

                                   Recreate

   Rec"re*ate, v. i. To take recreation. L. Addison.

                                  Recreation

   Rec"re*a"tion  (-?"sh?n),  n. [F. r\'82cr\'82ation, L. recreatio.] The
   act of recreating, or the state of being recreated; refreshment of the
   strength and spirits after toil; amusement; diversion; sport; pastime.

                                  Recreation

   Re`*cre*a"tion  (r?`kr?*?sh?n),  n. [See Re-create.] A forming anew; a
   new creation or formation.

                                  Re-creative

   Re`-cre*a"tive (-?`t?v), a. Creating anew; as, re-creative power.

                                  Recreative

   Rec"re*a`tive  (r?k"r?*?`t?v),  a.  [Cf.  F.  r\'82cr.  See Recreate.]
   Tending  to  recreate  or  refresh;  recreating;  giving  new vigor or
   animation; reinvigorating; giving relief after labor or pain; amusing;
   diverting.

     Let the music of them be recreative. Bacon.

   --- Rec"re*a`tive*ly, adv. -- Rec"re*a`tive*ness, n.

                                   Recrement

   Rec"re*ment  (r?k"r?*ment),  n.  [L.  recrementum;  pref.  re-  re-  +
   cernere, cretum, to separate, sift: cf. F. r\'82cr\'82ment.]

   1.  Superfluous  matter  separated  from  that which is useful; dross;
   scoria; as, the recrement of ore.

   2.  (Med.)  (a)  Excrement.  [Obs.]  (a) A substance secreted from the
   blood and again absorbed by it.

                                  Recremental

   Rec`re*men"tal (-m?n"tal), a. Recrementitious.

                                Recrementitial

   Rec`re*men*ti"tial  (-m?n*t?sh"al),  a. [Cf. F. r\'82cr\'82mentitiel.]
   (Med.)   Of   the   nature   of  a  recrement.  See  Recrement,2  (b).
   "Recrementitial fluids." Dunglison.

                                Recrementitious

   Rec`re*men*ti"tious  (-t?sh"?s),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to recrement;
   consisting of recrement or dross. Boyle.

                                  Recriminate

   Re*crim"i*nate  (r?*kr?m"?*n?t),  v. i. [Pref. re- + criminate: cf. F.
   r\'82criminer  ,LL.  recriminare.]  To return one charge or accusation
   with another; to chargeback fault or crime upon an accuser.

     It  is  not  my  business to recriminate, hoping sufficiently toBp.
     Stillingfleet.

                                  Recriminate

   Re*crim"i*nate, v. t. To accuse in return. South.

                                 Recrimination

   Re*crim`i*na"tion    (-n?"sh?n),    n.   [F.   r\'82crimination,   LL.
   recriminatio.]  The act of recriminating; an accusation brought by the
   accused against the accuser; a counter accusation.

     Accusations and recriminations passed back ward and forward between
     the contending parties. Macaulay.

                                 Recriminative

   Re*crim"i*na*tive (-n?*t?v), a. Recriminatory.

                                 Recriminator

   Re*crim"i*na`tor (-n?`t?r), n. One who recriminates.

                                 Recriminatory

   Re*crim"i*na*to*ry  (-n?*t?*r?), a. [Cf. F. r\'82criminatoire.] Having
   the quality of recrimination; retorting accusation; recriminating.

                                    Recross

   Re*cross" (r?*kr?s";115), v. t. To cross a second time.

                                  Recrudency

   Re*cru"den*cy (r?*kr?"den*s?), n. Recrudescence.

                    Recrudescence rkrdssens, Recrudescency

   Re`cru*des"cence  (r?`kr?*d?s"sens),  Re`cru*des`cen*cy (-d?s"sen*s?),
   n. [Cf. F. recrudescence.]

   1. The state or condition of being recrudescent.

     A  recrudescence  of  barbarism  may  condemn  it [land] to chronic
     poverty and waste. Duke of Argyll.

   2.  (Med.)  Increased severity of a disease after temporary remission.
   Dunglison.

                                 Recrudescent

   Re`cru*des"cent   (-sent),  a.  [L.  recrudescens,  -entis,  p.pr.  of
   recrudescere to become raw again; pref. re- re- + crudescere to become
   hard or raw: cf. F. recrudescent.]

   1. Growing raw, sore, or painful again.

   2.  Breaking  out again after temporary abatement or supression; as, a
   recrudescent epidemic.

                                    Recruit

   Re*cruit"  (r?*kr?t"),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Recruited; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Recruiting.]  [F.  recruter,  corrupted  (under  influence  of  recrue
   recruiting,  recruit,  from  recro,  p.p. recr, to grow again) from an
   older  recluter,  properly, to patch, to mend (a garment); pref. re- +
   OF. clut piece, piece of cloth; cf. Icel. kl kerchief, E. clout.]

   1.  To repair by fresh supplies, as anything wasted; to remedy lack or
   deficiency  in;  as,  food  recruits the flesh; fresh air and exercise
   recruit the spirits.

     Her cheeks glow the brighter, recruiting their color. Glanvill.

   2.  Hence,  to  restore  the  wasted vigor of; to renew in strength or
   health; to reinvigorate.

   3.  To  supply  with  new  men,  as  an army; to fill up or make up by
   enlistment; as, he recruited two regiments; the army was recruited for
   a campaign; also, to muster; to enlist; as, he recruited fifty men. M.
   Arnold.

                                    Recruit

   Re*cruit", v. i.

   1.  To  gain  new  supplies of anything wasted; to gain health, flesh,
   spirits,  or the like; to recuperate; as, lean cattle recruit in fresh
   pastures.

   2. To gain new supplies of men for military or other service; to raise
   or enlist new soldiers; to enlist troops.

                                    Recruit

   Re*cruit", n.

   1. A supply of anything wasted or exhausted; a re\'89nforcement.

     The  state is to have recruits to its strength, and remedies to its
     distempers. Burke.

   2.  Specifically,  a  man  enlisted  for  service in the army; a newly
   enlisted soldier.

                                   Recruiter

   Re*cruit"er, n. One who, or that which, recruits.

                                  Recruitment

   Re*cruit"ment   (-ment),   n.   The  act  or  process  of  recruiting;
   especially, the enlistment of men for an army.

                               Recrystallization

   Re*crys`tal*li*za"tion  (r?*kr?s`tal?*z?"sh?n),  n. (Chem. & Min.) The
   process or recrystallizing.

                                 Recrystallize

   Re*crys"tal*lize  (r?*kr?s"tal*l?z),  v.  i.  &  t.  (Chem. & Min.) To
   crystallize again. Henry.

                                    Rectal

   Rec"tal  (r?k"tal),  a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the rectum; in the
   region of the rectum.

                                   Rectangle

   Rec"tan`gle  (r?k"t??`g'l),  n.  [F.,  fr.  L.  rectus right + angulus
   angle.  See Right, and Angle.] (Geom.) A four-sided figure having only
   right angles; a right-angled parallelogram.

     NOTE: &hand; As the area of a rectangle is expressed by the product
     of  its  two  dimensions,  the term rectangle is sometimes used for
     product; as, the rectangle of a and b, that is, ab.

                                   Rectangle

   Rec"tan`gle, a. Rectangular. [R.]

                                  Rectangled

   Rec"tan`gled (-g'ld), a. Rectangular. Hutton.

                                  Rectangular

   Rec*tan"gu*lar    (r?k*t?n"g?*l?r),   a.   [CF.   F.   rectangulaire.]
   Right-angled;  having  one  or  more  angles  of  ninety  degrees.  --
   Rec*tan"gu*lar*ly (r, adv. -- Rec*tan"gu*lar*ness, n.

                                Rectangularity

   Rec*tan`gu*lar"i*ty  (-l?r"?*t?), n. The quality or condition of being
   rectangular, or right-angled.

                                    Recti-

   Rec"ti-  (r?k"t?*).  [L. rectus straight.] A combining form signifying
   straight; as, rectilineal, having straight lines; rectinerved.

                                  Rectifiable

   Rec"ti*fi`a*ble (r?k"t?*f?`?*b'l), a.

   1. Capable of being rectified; as, a rectifiable mistake.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1202

   2. (Math.) Admitting, as a curve, of the construction of a straight l

                                 Rectification

   Rec`ti*fi*ca"tion (r?k`t?*f?*k?1sh?n), n. [Cf. F. rectification.]

   1.  The  act  or  operation of rectifying; as, the rectification of an
   error; the rectification of spirits.

     After   the  rectification  of  his  views,  he  was  incapable  of
     compromise with profounder shapes of error. De Quincey.

   2.  (Geom.) The determination of a straight line whose length is equal
   a portion of a curve.
   Rectification  of a globe (Astron.), its adjustment preparatory to the
   solution of a proposed problem.

                                 Rectificator

   Rec"ti*fi*ca`tor  (r?k"t?*f?*k?`t?r),  n. (Chem.) That which rectifies
   or  refines;  esp., a part of a distilling apparatus in which the more
   volatile  portions are separated from the less volatile by the process
   of evaporation and condensation; a rectifier.

                                   Rectifier

   Rec"ti*fi`er (r?k"t?*f?`?r), n.

   1. One who, or that which, rectifies.

   2.  Specifically:  (a)  (Naut.) An instrument used for determining and
   rectifying  the variations of the compass on board ship. (b) (Chem.) A
   rectificator.<--  (Elec.)  A  device to convert alternating current to
   direct current. -->

                                    Rectify

   Rec"ti*fy (-f?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Rectified (-f?d); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Rectifying (-f?`?ng).] [F. rectifier, LL. rectificare; L. rectus right
   + -ficare (in comp.) to make. See Right, and -fy.]

   1.  To make or set right; to correct from a wrong, erroneous, or false
   state;  to  amend;  as,  to  rectify  errors,  mistakes, or abuses; to
   rectify the will, the judgment, opinions; to rectify disorders.

     I meant to rectify my conscience. Shak.

     This was an error of opinion which a conflicting opinion would have
     rectified. Burke.

   2.   (Chem.)   To   refine  or  purify  by  repeated  distillation  or
   sublimation, by which the fine parts of a substance are separated from
   the grosser; as, to rectify spirit of wine.

   3.  (Com.)  To  produce ( as factitious gin or brandy) by redistilling
   low wines or ardent spirits (whisky, rum, etc.), flavoring substances,
   etc.,  being  added.  <--  (Elec.) To convert (alternating current) to
   direct current. -->
   To  rectify a globe, to adjust it in order to prepare for the solution
   of a proposed problem. Syn. -- To amend; emend; correct; better; mend;
   reform; redress; adjust; regulate; improve. See Amend.

                        Rectilineal -lnal, Rectilinear

   Rec`ti*lin"e*al (-l?n"?*al), Rec`ti*lin"e*ar (-l?n"?*?r), a. [Recti- +
   lineal,  linear.]  Straight;  consisting  of a straight line or lines;
   bounded by straight lines; as, a rectineal angle; a rectilinear figure
   or course. -- Rec`ti*lin"e*al*ly, adv. -- Rec`ti*lin"e*ar*ly, adv.

                                Rectilinearity

   Rec`ti*lin`e*ar"i*ty  (-?r"?*t?),  n.  The  quality  or state of being
   rectilinear. Coleridge.

                                 Rectilineous

   Rec`ti*lin"e*ous (-?s), a. Rectilinear. [Obs.] Ray.

                                  Rectinerved

   Rec"ti*nerved`  (r?k"t?*n?rrvd`),  a.  [Recti- + nerve.] (Bot.) Having
   the veins or nerves straight; -- said of leaves.

                                    Rection

   Rec"tion  (r?k"sh?n),  n.  [L.  rectio, fr. regere to rule or govern.]
   (Gram.) See Government, n., 7. Gibbs.

                                 Rectirostral

   Rec`ti*ros"tral  (r?k`t?*r?s"tral),  a. [Recti- + rostral.] (Zo\'94l.)
   Having a straight beak.

                                  Rectiserial

   Rec`ti*se"ri*al  (-s?"r?*al), a. [Recti- + serial.] (Bot.) Arranged in
   exactly  vertical  ranks,  as  the  leaves  on stems of many kinds; --
   opposed to curviserial.

                                   Rectitis

   Rec*ti"tis  (r?k*t?"t?s),  n.  [NL.  See  Rectum,  and  -itis.] (Med.)
   Proctitis. Dunglison.

                                   Rectitude

   Rec"ti*tude   (r?k"t?*t?d),   n.  [L.  rectitudo,  fr.  rectus  right,
   straight: cf. F. rectitude. See Right.]

   1. Straightness. [R.] Johnson.

   2.  Rightness  of principle or practice; exact conformity to truth, or
   to  the  rules prescribed for moral conduct, either by divine or human
   laws; uprightness of mind; uprightness; integrity; honesty; justice.

   3. Right judgment. [R.] Sir G. C. Lewis. Syn. -- See Justice.

                                    Recto-

   Rec"to-  (r?k"t?*).  A  combining  form indicating connection with, or
   relation to, the rectum; as, recto-vesical.

                                     Recto

   Rec"to,  n.  [Abbrev. fr. LL. breve de recto. See Right.] (Law) A writ
   of right.

                                     Recto

   Rec"to, n. [Cf. F. recto.] (Print.) The right-hand page; -- opposed to
   verso.

                                    Rector

   Rec"tor  (r?k"t?r),  n.  [L., fr. regere, rectum, to lead straight, to
   rule: cf. F. recteur. See Regiment, Right.]

   1. A ruler or governor.[R.]

     God is the supreme rector of the world. Sir M. Hale.

   2.  (a)  (Ch.  of  Eng.)  A clergyman who has the charge and cure of a
   parish,  and has the tithes, etc.; the clergyman of a parish where the
   tithes  are not impropriate. See the Note under Vicar. Blackstone. (b)
   (Prot. Epis. Ch.) A clergyman in charge of a parish.

   3. The head master of a public school. [Scot.]

   4.  The  chief elective officer of some universities, as in France and
   Scotland;  sometimes,  the head of a college; as, the Rector of Exeter
   College, or of Lincoln College, at Oxford.

   5.  (R.C.CH.)  The superior officer or chief of a convent or religious
   house;  and  among  the  Jesuits  the  superior  of  a house that is a
   seminary or college.

                                   Rectoral

   Rec"tor*al  (-al),  a.  [CF.  F.  rectoral.] Pertaining to a rector or
   governor.

                                   Rectorate

   Rec"tor*ate  (-?t),  n. [LL. rectoratus: cf. F. rectorat.] The office,
   rank, or station of a rector; rectorship.

                                   Rectoress

   Rec"tor*ess, n.

   1. A governess; a rectrix. Drayton.

   2. The wife of a rector. Thackeray.

                                   Rectorial

   Rec*to"ri*al  (r?k*t?"r?*al),  a.Pertaining  to a rector or a rectory;
   rectoral. Shipley.

                                  Rectorship

   Rec"tor*ship (r?k"t?r*sh?p), n.

   1. Government; guidance. [Obs.] "The rectorship of judgment." Shak.

   2. The office or rank of a rector; rectorate.

                                    Rectory

   Rec"to*ry  (-t?*r?),  n.;  pl.  Rectories  (-r.  [Cf.  OF. rectorie or
   rectorerie, LL. rectoria.]

   1.  The province of a rector; a parish church, parsonage, or spiritual
   living, with all its rights, tithes, and glebes.

   2. A rector's mansion; a parsonage house.

                                 Recto-uterine

   Rec`to-u"ter*ine  (-?"t?r*?n  or  *?n), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to
   both the rectum and the uterus.

                                 Rectovaginal

   Rec`to*vag"i*nal  (r?k`t?*v?j"?*nal),  a.  (Anat.) Of or pertaining to
   both the rectum and the vagina.

                                 Recto-vesical

   Rec`to-ves"i*cal (-v?s"?*kal), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to both the
   rectum and the bladder.

                                   Rectress

   Rec"tress (r?k"tr?s), n. A rectoress. B. Jonson.

                                    Rectrix

   Rec"trix (-tr?ks), n.; pl. Rectrices (-tr. [L., fem. of rector.]

   1. A governess; a rectoress.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) One of the quill feathers of the tail of a bird.

                                    Rectum

   Rec"tum  (-t?m), n. [NL. (sc. intestinum), fr. L. rectus straight. See
   Right.]  (Anat.) The terminal part of the large intestine; -- so named
   because  supposed  by  the  old anatomists to be straight. See Illust.
   under Digestive.

                                    Rectus

   Rec"tus  (-t?s),  n.;  pl.  Recti  (-t.  [NL.,  fr.  L. regere to keep
   straight.] (Anat.) A straight muscle; as, the recti of the eye.

                                  Recubation

   Rec`u*ba"tion  (r?k`?*b?"sh?n), n. [L. recubare to lie upon the back.]
   Recumbence. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

                                    Recule

   Re*cule" (r?*k?l"), v. i. To recoil. [Obs.] Spenser.

                            Recule rkl, Reculement

   Re*cule"  (r?*k?l"), Re*cule"ment (-ment), n. [F. reculement.] Recoil.
   [Obs.]

                                    Recumb

   Re*cumb"  (-k?m"),  v.  i. [L. recumbere; pref. re- back + cumbere (in
   comp.),  akin  to cubare to lie down.] To lean; to recline; to repose.
   [Obs.] J. Allen (1761).

                                  Recumbence

   Re*cum"bence  (r?*k?m"bens),  n.  The  act  of  leaning,  resting,  or
   reclining; the state of being recumbent.

                                  Recumbency

   Re*cum"ben*cy (-ben*s?), n. Recumbence.

                                   Recumbent

   Re*cum"bent (-bet), a. [L. recumbens, -entis, p. pr. of recumbere. See
   Recumb,  Incumbent.]  Leaning;  reclining;  lying;  as,  the recumbent
   posture  of  the  Romans at their meals. Hence, figuratively; Resting;
   inactive; idle. -- Re*cum"bent*ly, adv.

                                  Recuperable

   Re*cu"per*a*ble  (r?*k?"p?r*?*b'l),  a. [Cf.F. r\'82cup. See Recover.]
   Recoverable. Sir T. Elyot.

                                  Recuperate

   Re*cu"per*ate (-?t), v. i. [imp. &. p. p. Recuperated (-?`t?d); p. pr.
   & vb. n. Recuperating.] [L.recuperatus,p.p. of recuperare. See Recover
   to get again.] To recover health; to regain strength; to convalesce.

                                  Recuperate

   Re*cu"per*ate,  v.  t.  To  recover;  to regain; as, to recuperate the
   health or strength.

                                 Recuperation

   Re*cu`per*a"tion  (-?`sh?n),  n..  [L.  recuperatio: cf. F. r\'82cup.]
   Recovery, as of anything lost, especially of the health or strength.

                        Recuperative -tv, Recuperatory

   Re*cu"per*a*tive   (-?*t?v),   Re*cu"per*a*to*ry  (-?*t?*r?),  a.  [L.
   recuperativus,  recuperatorius.]  Of  or  pertaining  to recuperation;
   tending to recovery.

                                  Recuperator

   Re*cu"per*a`tor   (r?*k?"pp?r*?`t?r),   n.   [Cf.   L.  recuperator  a
   recoverer.] (Steel Manuf.) Same as Regenerator.

                                     Recur

   Re*cur" (r?*k?r"), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Recurred (-k?rd"); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Recurring.]  [L.  recurrere;  pref.re-  re-  + currere to run. See
   Current.]

   1. To come back; to return again or repeatedly; to come again to mind.

     When  any  word has been used to signify an idea, the old idea will
     recur in the mind when the word is heard. I. Watts.

   2.  To  occur at a stated interval, or according to some regular rule;
   as, the fever will recur to-night.

   3. To resort; to have recourse; to go for help.

     If,  to  avoid  succession  in eternal existence, they recur to the
     "punctum  stans" of the schools, they will thereby very little help
     us to a more positive idea of infinite duration. Locke.

   Recurring  decimal  (Math.), a circulating decimal. See under Decimal.
   --  Recurring  series  (Math.),  an  algebraic  series  in  which  the
   coefficients of the several terms can be expressed by means of certain
   preceding coefficients and constants in one uniform manner.

                                    Recure

   Re*cure" (r?*k?r"), v. t. [Cf. Recover.]

   1. To arrive at; to reach; to attain. [Obs.] Lydgate.

   2. To recover; to regain; to repossess. [Obs.]

     When  their  powers,  impaired through labor long, With due repast,
     they had recured well. Spenser.

   3. To restore, as from weariness, sickness; or the like; to repair.

     In western waves his weary wagon did recure. Spenser.

   4. To be a cure for; to remedy. [Obs.]

     No medicine Might avail his sickness to recure. Lydgate.

                                    Recure

   Re*cure", n. Cure; remedy; recovery. [Obs.]

     But whom he hite, without recure he dies. Fairfax.

                                  Recureless

   Re*cure"less, a. Incapable of cure. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

                        Recurrence rkrrens, Recurrency

   Re*cur"rence   (r?*k?r"rens),  Re*cur"ren*cy  (-ren*s?),  n.  [Cf.  F.
   r\'82currence.]  The  act  of  recurring, or state of being recurrent;
   return; resort; recourse.

     I  shall  insensibly  go on from a rare to a frequent recurrence to
     the dangerous preparations. I. Taylor.

                                   Recurrent

   Re*cur"rent  (-rent),  a.  [L. recurrens, -entis, p. pr. of recurrere:
   cf.F. r\'82current. See Recur.]

   1. Returning from time to time; recurring; as, recurrent pains.

   2.  (Anat.)  Running  back toward its origin; as, a recurrent nerve or
   artery.
   Recurrent  fever.  (Med.)  See  Relapsing  fever,  under Relapsing. --
   Recurrent  pulse  (Physiol.),  the  pulse beat which appears (when the
   radial  artery  is  compressed at the wrist) on the distal side of the
   point  of  pressure  through  the arteries of the palm of the hand. --
   Recurrent  sensibility  (Physiol.),  the sensibility manifested by the
   anterior,  or  motor,  roots  of  the  spinal  cord (their stimulation
   causing  pain)  owing  to  the  presence  of  sensory  fibers from the
   corresponding sensory or posterior roots.

                                   Recursant

   Re*cur"sant  (r?*k?r"sant),  a.  [L.  recursans,  -antis,  p.  pr.  of
   recursare  to  run  back,  v.  freq. of recurrere. See Recure.] (Her.)
   Displayed with the back toward the spectator; -- said especially of an
   eagle.

                                   Recursion

   Re*cur"sion   (-sh?n),  n.  [L.  recursio.  See  Recur.]  The  act  of
   recurring;  return.  [Obs.]  Boyle.  <--  (Math.) The calculation of a
   mathematical  expression  (or a quantity) by repeating an operation on
   another  expression  which  was  derived  by  application  of the same
   operation,  on  an  expression  which itself was the result of similar
   repeated  applications  of  that  same operation on prior results. The
   series  of  operations  is  terminated  by  specifying  an  initial or
   terminal  condition.  (Computers)  A  programming technique in which a
   function  calls itself as a subfunction. Such calls may be repeated in
   series  to  arbitrary  depth, provided that a terminating condition is
   given  so  that  the  final (deepest) call will return a value (rather
   than  continue to recurse), which then permits the next higher call to
   return  a value, and so forth, until the original call returns a value
   to the calling program. -->

                                   Recurvate

   Re*cur"vate  (r?*k?r"v?t),  a. [L. recurvatus, p. p. of recurvare. See
   Re-, and Curvate.] (Bot.) Recurved.

                                   Recurvate

   Re*cur"vate (-v?t), v. t. To bend or curve back; to recurve. Pennant.

                                  Recurvation

   Re`cur*va"tion (r?`k?r*v?"sh?n), n. The act of recurving, or the state
   of being recurved; a bending or flexure backward.

                                    Recurve

   Re*curve"  (r?*k?rv"),  v.  t.  To  curve  in  an  opposite or unusual
   direction; to bend back or down.

                                   Recurved

   Re*curved"   (r?*k?rvd"),   a.  Curved  in  an  opposite  or  uncommon
   direction;  bent  back;  as, a bird with a recurved bill; flowers with
   recurved petals.

                                 Recurviroster

   Re*cur`vi*ros"ter  (r?*k?r`v?*r?s"t?r),  n.  [L.  recurvus bent back +
   rostrum  beack;  cf.  F.  r\'82curvirostre.] (Zool.) A bird whose beak
   bends upward, as the avocet.

                                Recurvirostral

   Re*cur`vi*ros"tral  (-tral), a. [See Recurviroster.] (Zo\'94l.) Having
   the beak bent upwards.

                                   Recurvity

   Re*cur"vi*ty (r?*k?r"v?*t?), n. Recurvation.

                                   Recurvous

   Re*cur"vous  (-v?s),  a.  [L. recurvus; pref. re- re + curvus curved.]
   Recurved. Derham.

                                   Recusancy

   Re*cu"san*cy (r?*k?"zan*s? OR r?k"?-), n. The state of being recusant;
   nonconformity. Coke.

                                   Recusant

   Re*cu"sant  (-zat;  277),  a.[L.  recusans, -antis, p.pr. of recure to
   refuse,  to  oject  to;  pref. re- re + causa a cause, pretext: cf. F.
   r\'82cusant.   See   Cause,  and  cf.  Ruse.]  Obstinate  in  refusal;
   specifically,   in   English  history,  refusing  to  acknowledge  the
   supremacy  of  the king in the churc, or to conform to the established
   rites of the church; as, a recusant lord.

     It  stated  him  to  have  placed  his  son in the household of the
     Countess of Derby, a recusant papist. Sir W. Scott.

                                   Recusant

   Re*cu"sant, n.

   1.  One  who  is  obstinate  in  refusal;  one standing out stubbornly
   against general practice or opinion.

     The last rebellious recusants among the European family of nations.
     De Quincey.

   2.  (Eng.  Hist.) A person who refuses to acknowledge the supremacy of
   the  king  in  matters of religion; as, a Roman Catholic recusant, who
   acknowledges the supremacy of the pope. Brande & C.

   3.   One   who  refuses  communion  with  the  Church  of  England;  a
   nonconformist.

     All that are recusants of holy rites. Holyday.

                                   Reusation

   Re`u*sa"tion (r?k`?*z?"sh?n), n. [L. recusatio: cf. F. r\'82cusation.]

   1. Refusal. [Obs.]

   2.  (Old Law) The act of refusing a judge or challenging that he shall
   not try the cause, on account of his supposed partiality. Blackstone.

                                  Recusative

   Re*cu"sa*tive  (r?*k?"z?*t?v),  a.  Refusing;  denying; negative. [R.]
   Jer. Taylor.

                                    Recuse

   Re*cuse"  (r?*k?z"),  v.  t.  [F.  r\'82cuser,  or  L.  recusare.  See
   Recusant.]  (Law)  To  refuse or reject, as a judge; to challenge that
   the judge shall not try the cause. [Obs.] Sir K. Digby.

                                   Recussion

   Re*cus"sion  (r?*k?sh"?n),  n.  [L.  recutire, recussum, to beat back;
   pref.  re-  re-  +  quatere  to shake.] The act of beating or striking
   back.

                                      Red

   Red (r?d), obs. . imp. & p. p. of Read. Spenser.

                                      Red

   Red,  v.  t.  To  put  on  order;  to  make  tidy;  also, to free from
   entanglement  or embarrassement; -- generally with up; as, to red up a
   house. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

                                      Red

   Red,  a. [Compar. Redder (-d?r); superl. Reddest.] [OE. red, reed, AS.
   re,  re; akin to OS. r, OFries, r, D. rood, G. roht, rot, OHG. r, Dan.
   &  Sw.  r,  Icel.  rau, rj, Goth. r, W. rhudd, Armor. ruz, Ir. & Gael.
   ruadh,  L.  ruber,  rufus, Gr. , Skr. rudhira, rohita; cf. L. rutilus.
   &root;113.  Cr. Erysipelas, Rouge, Rubric, Ruby, Ruddy, Russet, Rust.]
   Of  the color of blood, or of a tint resembling that color; of the hue
   of  that  part  of  the  rainbow,  or  of the solar spectrum, which is
   furthest  from  the  violet  part.  "Fresh  flowers, white and reede."
   Chaucer.

     Your color, I warrant you, is as red as any rose. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Red is a general term, including many different shades
     or hues, as scarlet, crimson, vermilion, orange red, and the like.

     NOTE: &hand; Re d is often used in the formation of self-explaining
     compounds;  as,  red-breasted,  red-cheeked, red-faced, red-haired,
     red-headed,  red-skinned,  red-tailed,  red-topped,  red-whiskered,
     red-coasted.

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1203

   --
   Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red oxide of copper;
   cuprite.  --  Red  coral  (Zo\'94l.),  the  precious  coral (Corallium
   rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral  and Gorgonlacea. -- Red cross. The
   cross  of  St.  George,  the  national  emblem of the English. (b) The
   Geneva  cross.  See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under Geneva.
   --  Red  currant.  (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The
   common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the temperate
   parts  of  Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American elk, or
   wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer. See Deer. -- Red duck (Zo\'94l.), a
   European   reddish  brown  duck  (Fuligula  nyroca);  --  called  also
   ferruginous  duck. -- Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red empress
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell. -- Red fir (Bot.), a
   coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British Columbia to
   Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name is sometimes
   given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and the American
   Abies  magnifica  and  A.  nobilis.  -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.) See Blue
   fire,  under Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox (Zo\'94l.),
   the  common  American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually reddish in
   color.  -- Red grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or ptarmigan. See
   under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, OR Red gum-tree (Bot.), a name given to
   eight   Australian   species  of  Eucalyptus  (Eucalyptus  amygdalina,
   resinifera,  etc.) which yield a reddish gum resin. See Eucalyptus. --
   Red  hand  (Her.),  a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect, borne on an
   escutcheon, being the mark of a baronet of the United Kingdom of Great
   Britain  and  Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster. -- Red herring,
   the  common  herring  dried  and smoked.<-- Fig. something that merely
   distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something irrelevant to
   the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or does not exist.
   -->  --  Red  horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American red fresh-water
   sucker,  especially  Moxostoma  macrolepidotum and allied species. (b)
   See  the  Note under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See under Lead, and
   Minium.  --  Red-lead  ore.  (Min.)  Same  as  Crocoite. -- Red liquor
   (Dyeing), a solution consisting essentially of aluminium acetate, used
   as  a  mordant  in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable fiber; -- so
   called  because  used  originally  for  red dyestuffs. Called also red
   mordant.  --  Red  maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat midge. --
   Red  manganese.  (Min.)  Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one of the
   American  Indians; -- so called from his color. -- Red maple (Bot.), a
   species of maple (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite. (Zo\'94l.) See
   Red  spider,  below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American mulberry of a
   dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet  (Zo\'94l.), the
   surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft earthy variety of
   hematite,  of  a reddish color. -- Red perch (Zo\'94l.), the rosefish.
   --  Red  phosphorus. (Chem.) See under Phosphorus. -- Red pine (Bot.),
   an  American  species  of  pine (Pinus resinosa); -- so named from its
   reddish  bark.  --  Red  precipitate.  See  under  Precipitate. -- Red
   Republican (European Politics), originally, one who maintained extreme
   republican  doctrines  in France, -- because a red liberty cap was the
   badge of the party; an extreme radical in social reform. [Cant] -- Red
   ribbon,  the  ribbon  of  the  Order  of  the  Bath in England. -- Red
   sanders.  (Bot.)  See  Sanders.  --  Red  sandstone. (Geol.) See under
   Sandstone.  --  Red  scale  (Zo\'94l.),  a  scale  insect  (Aspidiotus
   aurantii)  very  injurious  to  the  orange  tree  in  California  and
   Australia.  --  Red  silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red or
   reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver, and
   pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a large
   fish  (Lutlanus aya OR Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico and
   about  the  Florida  reefs. -- Red snow, snow colored by a mocroscopic
   unicellular alga (Protococcus nivalis) which produces large patches of
   scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic  or  mountainous  regions.  -- Red
   softening  (Med.)  a  form of cerebral softening in which the affected
   parts   are   red,   --  a  condition  due  either  to  infarction  or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so called from an appearance like blood in the urine.

                                      Red

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so called from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Red (r?d), n.

   1.  The  color of blood, or of that part of the spectrum farthest from
   violet, or a tint resembling these. "Celestial rosy red, love's proper
   hue." Milton.

   2. A red pigment.

   3.  (European  Politics) An abbreviation for Red Republican. See under
   Red, a. [Cant]

   4.  pl.  (Med.)  The  menses.  Dunglison.  <--  5. Informal name for a
   Communist. -->
   English  red,  a pigment prepared by the Dutch, similar to Indian red.
   -- Hypericum red, a red resinous dyestuff extracted from Hypericum. --
   Indian red. See under Indian, and Almagra.

                                    Redact

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood  in the urine.> Re*dact"
   (r?*d?kt"),  v.  t.  [L. redactus, p. p. of redigere; pref. red-, re-,
   again, back + agere to put in motion, to drive.] To reduce to form, as
   literary  matter; to digest and put in shape (matter for publication);
   to edit.

                                 R\'82dacteur

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so called from an appearance like blood in the urine.> R\'82`dac`teur"
   (r&asl;`d&adot;k`t&etil;r"), n. [F.] See Redactor.

                                   Redaction

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance like blood in the urine.> Re*dac"tion
   (r?*d?k"sh?n),  n.  [F.  r\'82daction.]  The  act  of  redacting; work
   produced by redacting; a digest.

                                   Redactor

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like blood in the urine.> Re*dac"tor
   (-t?r),  n.  One who redacts; one who prepares matter for publication;
   an editor. Carlyle.

                                     Redan

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood  in  the urine.> Re*dan"
   (r?*d?n"),  n. [F., for OF. redent a double notching or jagging, as in
   the  teeth of a saw, fr. L. pref. re- re- + dens, dentis, a tooth. Cf.
   Redented.] [Written sometimes redent and redens.]

   1.  (Fort.) A work having two parapets whose faces unite so as to form
   a salient angle toward the enemy.

   2.  A  step or vertical offset in a wall on uneven ground, to keep the
   parts level.

                                   Redargue

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like blood in the urine.> Red*ar"gue
   (r?d*?r"g?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Redargued (-g?d); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Redarguing.]  [L. redarguere; pref. red-, re- re- + arguere to accuse,
   charge  with: cf. F. r\'82darguer.] To disprove; to refute; toconfute;
   to reprove; to convict. [Archaic]

     How  shall  I . . . suffer that God should redargue me at doomsday,
     and the angels reproach my lukewarmness? Jer. Taylor.

     Now  this  objection to the immediate cognition of external objects
     has,  as far as I know, been redargued in three different ways. Sir
     W. Hamilton.

                                  Redargution

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Red`ar*gu"tion
   (r?d`?r*g?"sh?n),   n.   [L.   redargutio.]  The  act  of  redarguing;
   refutation. [Obs. or R.] Bacon.

                                  Redargutory

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so called from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Red`ar*gu"to*ry
   (-t?*r?),  a.  Pertaining  to, or containing, redargution; refutatory.
   [R.]

                                    Redback

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood in the urine.> Red"back`
   (r?d"b?k`), n. (Zo\'94l.) The dunlin. [U. S.]

                                   Redbelly

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like blood in the urine.> Red"bel`ly
   (-b?l`l?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The char.

                                    Redbird

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood in the urine.> Red"bird`
   (-b?rd`),  n. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The cardinal bird. (b) The summer redbird
   (Piranga rubra). (c) The scarlet tanager. See Tanager.

                                   Redbreast

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance like blood in the urine.> Red"breast`
   (-br?st`), n.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The  European  robin. (b) The American robin. See
   Robin.  (c)  The  knot,  or  red-breasted  snipe; -- called also robin
   breast, and robin snipe. See Knot.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The long-eared pondfish. See Pondfish.

                                    Redbud

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood  in the urine.> Red"bud`
   (-b?d`),  n. (Bot.) A small ornamental leguminous tree of the American
   species of the genus Cercis. See Judas tree, under Judas.

                                    Redcap

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so called from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Red"cap`, n.

   1. (Zo\'94l) The European goldfinch.

   2.  A  specter  having  long  teeth,  popularly  supposed to haunt old
   castles in Scotland. [Scot.] Jamieson.

                                    Redcoat

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood in the urine.> Red"coat`
   (-k&omac;t`),  n. One who wears a red coat; specifically, a red-coated
   British soldier.

                                     Redde

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Red"de (-de),
   obs. imp. of Read, or Rede. Chaucer.

                                    Redden

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood  in  the urine.> Red"den
   (r?d"d'n),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Reddened (-d'nd); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Reddening.]  [From Red, a.] To make red or somewhat red; to give a red
   color to.

                                    Redden

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Red"den, v. i.
   To grow or become red; to blush.

     Appius reddens at each word you speak. Pope.

     He no sooner saw that her eye glistened and her cheek reddened than
     his obstinacy was at once subbued. Sir W. SCott.

                                   Reddendum

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance like blood in the urine.> Red*den"dum
   (r?d*d?n"d?m),  n.  [Neut.  of L. reddendus that must be given back or
   yielded,  gerundive  of  reddere.  See Reddition.] (Law) A clause in a
   deed  by which some new thing is reserved out of what had been granted
   before; the clause by which rent is reserved in a lease. Cruise.

                                    Reddish

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood  in the urine.> Red"dish
   (r?d"d?sh), a. Somewhat red; moderately red. -- Red"dish*ness, n.

                                   Reddition

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance like blood in the urine.> Red*di"tion
   (r?d*d?sh"?n),  n.[L.  redditio,  fr. reddere to give back, to return:
   cf. F. reddition. See Render.]

   1. Restoration: restitution: surrender. Howell.

   2. Explanation; representation. [R.]

     The reddition or application of the comparison. Chapman.

                                   Redditive

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an appearance like blood in the urine.> Red"di**tive
   (r?d"d?*t?v),   a.   [L.   redditivus.]   (Gram.)   Answering   to  an
   interrogative or inquiry; conveying a reply; as, redditive words.

                                    Reddle

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood  in  the urine.> Red"dle
   (r?d"d'l),  n. [From Red; cf. G. r. Cf. Ruddle.] (Min.) Red chalk. See
   under Chalk.

                                    Reddour

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood  in the urine.> Red"dour
   (r?d"d?r),  n.  [F. raideur, fr. raide stiff.] Rigor; violence. [Obs.]
   Gower.

                                     Rede

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Rede (r?d), v.
   t. [See Read, v. t.]

   1. To advise or counsel. [Obs. or Scot.]

     I rede that our host here shall begin. Chaucer.

   2. To interpret; to explain. [Obs.]

     My sweven [dream] rede aright. Chaucer.

                                     Rede

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Rede, n. [See
   Read, n.]

   1. Advice; counsel; suggestion. [Obs. or Scot.] Burns.

     There was none other remedy ne reed. Chaucer.

   2. A word or phrase; a motto; a proverb; a wise saw. [Obs.] "This rede
   is rife." Spenser.

                                    Redeem

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood  in the urine.> Re*deem"
   (r?*d?m"),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Redeemed.  (-dp.  pr.  &  vb. n.
   Redeeming.]  [F. r\'82dimer, L. redimere; pref. red-, re- re- + emere,
   emptum,  to  buy,  originally,  to take, cf. OIr. em (in comp.), Lith.
   imti. Cf. Assume, Consume, Exempt, Premium, Prompt, Ransom.]

   1.  To  purchase  back;  to  regain  possession  of  by  payment  of a
   stipulated price; to repurchase.

     If a man sell a dwelling house in a walled city, then he may redeem
     it within a whole year after it is sold. Lev. xxv. 29.

   2.  Hence,  specifically:  (a)  (Law)  To  recall, as an estate, or to
   regain,  as  mortgaged property, by paying what may be due by force of
   the  mortgage.  (b)  (Com.)  To regain by performing the obligation or
   condition  stated;  to  discharge  the  obligation  mentioned in, as a
   promissory  note,  bond, or other evidence of debt; as, to redeem bank
   notes with coin.

   3.  To  ransom, liberate, or rescue from captivity or bondage, or from
   any  obligation or liability to suffer or to be forfeited, by paying a
   price  or  ransom;  to  ransom; to rescue; to recover; as, to redeem a
   captive, a pledge, and the like.

     Redeem Israel, O God, out of all his troubles. Ps. xxv. 22.

     The Almighty from the grave Hath me redeemed. Sandys.

   4.  (Theol.)  Hence, to rescue and deliver from the bondage of sin and
   the penalties of God's violated law.

     Christ  hath  redeemed  us  from the curse of the law, being made a
     curse for us. Gal. iii. 13.

   5.  To  make good by performing fully; to fulfill; as, to redeem one's
   promises.

     I will redeem all this on Percy's head. Shak.

   6.  To  pay  the  penalty  of;  to  make  amends  for;  to serve as an
   equivalent  or  offset for; to atone for; to compensate; as, to redeem
   an error.

     Which of ye will be mortal, to redeem Man's mortal crime? Milton.

     It is a chance which does redeem all sorrows. Shak.

   To redeem the time, to make the best use of it.

                                 Redeemability

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so   called   from   an   appearance   like   blood   in  the  urine.>
   Re*deem`a*bil"i*ty (-?*b?l"?*t?), n. Redeemableness.

                                  Redeemable

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Re*deem"a*ble
   (-?*b;l), a.

   1.  Capable  of  being  redeemed;  subject  to  repurchase; held under
   conditions permitting redemption; as, a pledge securing the payment of
   money is redeemable.

   2.  Subject  to an obligation of redemtion; conditioned upon a promise
   of  redemtion;  payable;  due;  as,  bonds,  promissory  notes, etc. ,
   redeemabble in gold, or in current money, or four months after date.

                                Redeemableness

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so   called   from   an   appearance   like   blood   in  the  urine.>
   Re*deem"a*ble*ness  (r?*d?m"?*b'l*n?s),  n.  The  quality  or state of
   being redeemable; redeemability.

                                   Redeemer

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like blood in the urine.> Re*deem"er
   (r?*d?m"?r), n.

   1. One who redeems.

   2. Specifically, the Savior of the world, Jesus Christ.

                                   Redeless

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood in the urine.> Rede"less
   (r?d"l?s), a. Without rede or counsel. [Obs.]

                                 Redeliberate

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so   called   from   an   appearance   like   blood   in  the  urine.>
   Re`de*lib"er*ate (r?`d?*l?b"?r*?t), v. t. & i. To deliberate again; to
   reconsider.

                                   Redeliver

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an appearance like blood in the urine.> Re`de*liv"er
   (r?`d?*l?v"?r), v. t.

   1. To deliver or give back; to return. Ay 

   2. To deliver or liberate a second time or again.

   3.  To  report;  to deliver the answer of. [R.] "Shall I redeliver you
   e'en so?" Shak.

                                 Redeliverance

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so   called   from   an   appearance   like   blood   in  the  urine.>
   Re`de*liv"er*ance (-ans), n. A second deliverance.

                                  Redelivery

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Re`de*liv"er*y
   (-?), n.

   1. Act of delivering back.

   2. A second or new delivery or liberation.

                                   Redemand

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance like blood in the urine.> Re`de*mand"
   (r?`d\'b5-m?nd"),  v.  t.  [Pref.  re-  back,  again  + demand: cf. F.
   redemander.] To demand back; to demand again.

                                   Redemand

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so called from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Re`de*mand", n.
   A demanding back; a second or renewed demand.

                                   Redemise

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance like blood in the urine.> Re`de*mise"
   (-m?z"),  v.  t.  To  demise  back;  to convey or transfer back, as an
   estate.

                                   Redemise

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so called from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Re`de*mise", n.
   (Law)  The  transfer  of  an estate back to the person who demised it;
   reconveyance;  as,  the  demise  and  redemise of an estate. See under
   Demise.

                                 Redemonstrate

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so   called   from   an   appearance   like   blood   in  the  urine.>
   Re*dem"on*strate  (r?*d?m"?n*str?t  OR  r?`d?*m?n"-str?t),  v.  t.  To
   demonstrate again, or anew.

     Every  truth  of morals must be redemonstrated in the experience of
     the  individual  man  before  he  is  capable  of utilizing it as a
     constituent of character or a guide in action. Lowell.

                                  Redemptible

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Re*demp"ti*ble
   (r?*d?mp"t?*b'l), a. Redeemable.

                                  Re-demption

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an appearance like blood in the urine.> Re-demp"tion
   (-sh?n),  n.  [F.  r\'82demption,  L.  redemptio.  See Redeem, and cf.
   Ransom.]  The  act  of  redeeming,  or  the  state  of being redeemed;
   repurchase;  ransom;  release; rescue; deliverance; as, the redemption
   of  prisoners  taken  in  war;  the  redemption  of  a ship and cargo.
   Specifically:  (a)  (Law) The liberation of an estate from a mortgage,
   or  the  taking  back  of  property mortgaged, upon performance of the
   terms  or  conditions  on  which  it  was conveyed; also, the right of
   redeeming  and  re\'89ntering  upon an estate mortgaged. See Equity of
   redemption,  under  Equity.  (b)  (Com.) Performance of the obligation
   stated  in  a  note,  bill, bond, or other evidence of debt, by making
   payment  to  the  holder. (c) (Theol.) The procuring of God's favor by
   the  sufferings  and  death  of  Christ;  the ransom or deliverance of
   sinners  from  the  bondage of sin and the penalties of God's violated
   law.

     In whom we have redemption through his blood. Eph. i. 7.

                                 Redemptionary

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so   called   from   an   appearance   like   blood   in  the  urine.>
   Re*demp"tion*a*ry  (-?*r?),  n.  One who is, or may be, redeemed. [R.]
   Hakluyt.

                                 Redemptioner

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so called from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Re*demp"tion*er
   (-?r), n.

   1. One who redeems himself, as from debt or servitude.

   2. Formerly, one who, wishing to emigrate from Europe to America, sold
   his services for a stipulated time to pay the expenses of his passage.

                                 Redemptionist

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so   called   from   an   appearance   like   blood   in  the  urine.>
   Re*demp"tion*ist,  n. (R.C.Ch.) A monk of an order founded in 1197; --
   so  called  because the order was especially devoted to the redemption
   of  Christians  held  in  captivity  by  the  Mohammedans. Called also
   Trinitarian.

                                  Redemptive

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an appearance like blood in the urine.> Re*demp"tive
   (-t?v),  a.Serving or tending to redeem; redeeming; as, the redemptive
   work of Christ.

                                 Redemptorist

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so called from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Re*demp"tor*ist
   (-t?r*?st),  n.  [F. r\'82demptoriste, fr. L. redemptor redeemer, from
   redinere.  See  Redeem.] (R.C.Ch.) One of the Congregation of the Most
   Holy  Redeemer,  founded  in  Naples in 1732 by St. Alphonsus Maria de
   Liquori.  It was introduced onto the United States in 1832 at Detroit.
   The  Fathers of the Congregation devote themselves to preaching to the
   neglected,  esp.  in missions and retreats, and are forbidden by their
   rule to engage in the instruction of youth.

                                  Redemptory

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from an appearance like blood in the urine.> Re*demp"to*ry
   (-t?*r?),  a. Paid for ransom; serving to redeem. "Hector's redemptory
   price." Chapman.

                                  Redempture

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an appearance like blood in the urine.> Re*demp"ture
   (-t?r; 135), n. Redemption. [Obs.]

                                   Redented

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like blood in the urine.> Re*dent"ed
   (r?*d?nt"?d),  a.  [From OF. redent. See Redan.] Formed like the teeth
   of a saw; indented.

                                   Redeposit

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an appearance like blood in the urine.> Re`de*pos"it
   (r?`d?*p?z"?t), v. t. To deposit again.

                                   Redescend

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an appearance like blood in the urine.> Re`de*scend"
   (-s?nd"),  v. i. [Pref. re- + descend: cf. F. redescendre.] To descend
   again. Howell.

                                    Redeye

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood  in the urine.> Red"eye`
   (r?d"?`),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The rudd. (b) Same as Redfish. (d). (c)
   The  goggle-eye,  or  fresh-water  rock  bass.  [Local,  U.S.] <-- (d)
   [Colloq.]  A scheduled public conveyance, such as a train or airplane,
   which travels late at night or overnight. -->

                                    Redfin

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood  in the urine.> Red"fin`
   (-f?n`), n. (Zo\'94l.) A small North American dace (Minnilus cornutus,
   or  Notropis  megalops).  The male, in the breeding season, has bright
   red  fins.  Called also red dace, and shiner. Applied also to Notropis
   ardens, of the Mississippi valley.

                                   Redfinch

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like blood in the urine.> Red"finch`
   (-f&icr;nch`), n. (Zo\'94l.) The European linnet.

                                    Redfish

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood in the urine.> Red"fish`
   (r&ecr;d"f&icr;sh`),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The  blueback salmon of the
   North  Pacific;  --  called  also  nerka.  See  Blueback. (b). (b) The
   rosefish.  (c)  A  large  California  labroid  food  fish (Trochocopus
   pulcher);  --  called  also  fathead.  (d)  The red bass, red drum, or
   drumfish. See the Note under Drumfish.

                                    Red-gum

   Red  admiral  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  butterfly  (Vanessa Atalanta)
   common  in  both  Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a
   broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atlanta
   butterfly,  and  nettle  butterfly.  -- Red ant. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A very
   small  ant  (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger
   reddish  ant  (Formica sanquinea), native of Europe and America. It is
   one  of  the  slave-making species. -- Red antimony (Min.), kermesite.
   See  Kermes  mineral (b), under Kermes. -- Red ash (Bot.), an American
   tree  (Fraxinus  pubescens),  smaller  than  the  white  ash, and less
   valuable for timber. Cray. -- Red bass. (Zo\'94l.) See Redfish (d). --
   Red  bay  (Bot.),  a  tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood
   red,  found  in  swamps  in  the  Southern United States. -- Red beard
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  bright  red  sponge  (Microciona prolifera), common on
   oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.] -- Red birch (Bot.), a species
   of  birch  (Betula  nigra)  having  reddish  brown  bark, and compact,
   light-colored  wood.  Gray. -- Red blindness. (Med.) See Daltonism. --
   Red  book,  a  book  containing  the  names  of all the persons in the
   service  of the state. [Eng.] -- Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient
   record  in  which  are registered the names of all that held lands per
   baroniam  in  the time of Henry II. Brande & C. -- Red brass, an alloy
   containing  eight  parts  of  copper  and  three  of zinc. -- Red bug.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  very  small mite which in Florida attacks man, and
   produces  great  irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect
   of   the  genus  Pyrrhocoris,  especially  the  European  species  (P.
   apterus),  which  is  bright  scarlet  and  lives  in clusters on tree
   trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton. -- Red cedar. (Bot.) An
   evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant
   red-colored  heartwood.  (b)  A  tree  of India and Australia (Cedrela
   Toona)  having  fragrant  reddish  wood;  --  called also toon tree in
   India.  1203  -- Red chalk. See under Chalk. -- Red copper (Min.), red
   oxide  of copper; cuprite. -- Red coral (Zo\'94l.), the precious coral
   (Corallium  rubrum).  See  Illusts.  of  Coral and Gorgonlacea. -- Red
   cross.  The  cross  of St. George, the national emblem of the English.
   (b)  The  Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under
   Geneva.  --  Red  currant. (Bot.) See Currant. -- Red deer. (Zo\'94l.)
   (a)  The  common  stag  (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the
   temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American
   elk,  or  wapiti.  (b)  The  Virginia  deer.  See  Deer.  --  Red duck
   (Zo\'94l.), a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called
   also  ferruginous  duck.  --  Red ebony. (Bot.) See Grenadillo. -- Red
   empress  (Zo\'94l.),  a  butterfly.  See  Tortoise  shell.  -- Red fir
   (Bot.),  a  coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British
   Columbia  to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name
   is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and
   the  American Abies magnifica and A. nobilis. -- Red fire. (Pyrotech.)
   See  Blue  fire,  under  Fire. -- Red flag. See under Flag. -- Red fox
   (Zo\'94l.),  the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually
   reddish  in  color.  --  Red  grouse (Zo\'94l.), the Scotch grouse, or
   ptarmigan.  See  under  Ptarmigan.  -- Red gum, Red gum-tree (Bot.), a
   name  given  to  eight  Australian  species  of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus
   amygdalina,  resinifera,  etc.)  which  yield a reddish gum resin. See
   Eucalyptus. -- Red hand (Her.), a left hand appaum\'82, fingers erect,
   borne  on  an  escutcheon,  being  the mark of a baronet of the United
   Kingdom  of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
   -- Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.<-- Fig. something
   that  merely  distracts attention from the basic issue; esp. something
   irrelevant  to  the  issue  at hand, or something which is not true or
   does  not  exist.  --> -- Red horse. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any large American
   red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied
   species.  (b)  See  the  Note  under Drumfish. -- Red lead. (Chem) See
   under  Lead,  and Minium. -- Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite. --
   Red  liquor  (Dyeing),  a solution consisting essentially of aluminium
   acetate,  used  as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable
   fiber;  -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called
   also  red  mordant.  --  Red maggot (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the wheat
   midge. -- Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite. -- Red man, one
   of  the  American  Indians;  -- so called from his color. -- Red maple
   (Bot.),  a  species  of  maple  (Acer rubrum). See Maple. -- Red mite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Red spider, below. -- Red mulberry (Bot.), an American
   mulberry  of  a  dark  purple  color  (Morus  rubra).  --  Red  mullet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  surmullet.  See  Mullet. -- Red ocher (Min.), a soft
   earthy  variety  of  hematite,  of  a  reddish  color.  --  Red  perch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  rosefish.  --  Red  phosphorus.  (Chem.)  See  under
   Phosphorus.  --  Red  pine  (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
   resinosa);  -- so named from its reddish bark. -- Red precipitate. See
   under  Precipitate. -- Red Republican (European Politics), originally,
   one  who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because
   a  red  liberty  cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in
   social  reform.  [Cant]  -- Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the
   Bath in England. -- Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders. -- Red sandstone.
   (Geol.)  See  under Sandstone. -- Red scale (Zo\'94l.), a scale insect
   (Aspidiotus  aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
   and  Australia.  -- Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red
   or  reddish  black  color. It includes proustite, or light red silver,
   and  pyrargyrite,  or  dark  red  silver. -- Red snapper (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  fish  (Lutlanus aya Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico
   and  about  the  Florida  reefs.  --  Red  snow,  snow  colored  by  a
   mocroscopic  unicellular  alga  (Protococcus  nivalis)  which produces
   large  patches  of  scarlet  on  the  snows  of  arctic or mountainous
   regions. -- Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
   the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or
   inflammation. -- Red spider (Zo\'94l.), a very small web-spinning mite
   (Tetranychus  telarius)  which  infests, and often destroys, plants of
   various   kinds,   especially   those   cultivated   in   houses   and
   conservatories.  It  feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and
   causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale
   red.  Called also red mite. -- Red squirrel (Zo\'94l.), the chickaree.
   --  Red  tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up documents,
   etc.;  hence,  official  formality and delay.<--excessive bureaucratic
   paperwork  -->  --  Red  underwing  (Zo\'94l.), any species of noctuid
   moths  belonging  to  Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species
   are  mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly
   banded  with  bright red or orange. -- Red water, a disease in cattle,
   so  called  from  an  appearance  like  blood in the urine.> Red"-gum`
   (-g?m`), n. [OE. reed gounde; AS. re\'a0d red + gund matter, pus.]

   1. (Med.) An eruption of red pimples upon the face, neck, and arms, in
   early infancy; tooth rash; strophulus. Good.

   2. A name of rust on grain. See Rust.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1204

                          Red-hand rdhnd, Red-handed

   Red"-hand`  (r?d"h?nd`),  Red"-hand`ed  (-h?nd`?d),  a. OR adv. Having
   hands red with blood; in the very act, as if with red or bloody hands;
   --  said  of  a person taken in the act of homicide; hence, fresh from
   the  commission of crime; as, he was taken red-hand or red-handed. <--
   usu. caught red-handed -->

                                    Redhead

   Red"head` (-h?d`), n.

   1. A person having red hair.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) (a) An American duck (Aythya Americana) highly esteemed
   as a game bird. It is closely allied to the canvasback, but is smaller
   and  its  head  brighter  red.  Called  also red-headed duck. American
   poachard, grayback, and fall duck. See Illust. under Poachard. (b) The
   red-headed woodpecker. See Woodpecker.

   3. (Bot.) A kind of milkweed (Asclepias Curassavica) with red flowers.
   It is used in medicine.

                                  Redhibition

   Red`hi*bi"tion  (r?d`h?*b?sh"?n),  n.  [L.  redhibitio a taking back.]
   (Civil  Law)  The  annulling of a sale, and the return by the buyer of
   the article sold, on account of some defect.

                                  Redhibitory

   Red*hib"i*to*ry  (r?d*h?b"?*t?*r?), a. [L. redhibitorius.] (Civil Law)
   Of or pertaining to redhibition; as, a redhibitory action or fault.

                                    Redhoop

   Red"hoop`   (r?d"h??p`),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  male  of  the  European
   bullfinch. [Prov. Eng.]

                                    Redhorn

   Red"horn`   (-h?rn`),   n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  species  of  a  tribe  of
   butterflies  (Fugacia)  including  the  common  yellow species and the
   cabbage butterflies. The antenn\'91 are usually red.

                                    Red-hot

   Red"-hot`  (-h?t`),  a.  Red with heat; heated to redness; as, red-hot
   iron;  red-hot  balls.  Hence,  figuratively,  excited; violent; as, a
   red-hot radical. Shak.

                                     Redia

   Re"di*a  (r?"d?*?), n.; pl. L. Redi\'91 (-&emac;), E. Redias (-. [NL.;
   of  uncertain  origin.] (Zo\'94l.) A kind of larva, or nurse, which is
   prroduced  within  the  sporocyst  of  certain  trematodes  by asexual
   generation.  It  in  turn  produces,  in  the same way, either another
   generation  of  redi\'91,  or  else  cercari\'91  within its own body.
   Called also proscolex, and nurse. See Illustration in Appendix.

                                    Redient

   Re"di*ent  (r?"d?-ent),  a.  [L.  rediens, p. pr. of redire to return;
   pref. red- + ire to go.] Returning. [R.]

                                   Redigest

   Re`di*gest"  (r?`d?*j?st"),  v.  t.  To  digest,  or reduce to form, a
   second time. Kent.

                                  Rediminish

   Re`di*min"ish (-m?n"?sh), v. t. To diminish again.

                                   Redingot

   Red"in*got  (r?d"?n*g?t),  n.  [F.,  corrupted from E. reding coat.] A
   long plain double-breasted outside coat for women.

                                 Redintegrate

   Re*din"te*grate   (r?*d?n"t?*gr?t),  a.  [L.  redintegratus,  p.p.  of
   redintegrare  to  restore;  pref.  red-,  re-, re- + integrare to make
   whole,  to  renew,  fr.  integer  whole.  See  Integer.]  Restored  to
   wholeness or a perfect state; renewed. Bacon.

                                 Redintegrate

   Re*din"te*grate  (-gr?t),  v.  t.  To  make  whole  again; a renew; to
   restore to integrity or soundness.

     The  English  nation  seems obliterated. What could redintegrate us
     again? Coleridge.

                                Redintegration

   Re*din`te*gra"tion (-gr?"sh?n), n. [L. redintegratio.]

   1.  Restoration to a whole or sound state; renewal; renovation. Dr. H.
   More.

   2.  (Chem.) Restoration of a mixed body or matter to its former nature
   and state. [Achaic.] Coxe.

   3.  (Psychology)  The  law  that  objects  which  have been previously
   combined  as  part  of a single mental state tend to recall or suggest
   one  another; -- adopted by many philosophers to explain the phenomena
   of the association of ideas.

                                   Redirect

   Re`di*rect"  (r?`d?*r?kt"),  a.  (Law) Applied to the examination of a
   witness, by the party calling him, after the cross-examination.

                                  Redisburse

   Re`dis*burse" (r?`d?s*b?rs"), v. t. To disburse anew; to give, or pay,
   back. Spenser.

                                  Rediscover

   Re`dis*cov"er (-k?v"?r), v. t. To discover again.

                                   Redispose

   Re`dis*pose"  (-p?z"), v. t. To dispose anew or again; to readjust; to
   rearrange. A. Baxter.

                                  Redisseize

   Re`dis*seize" (-s?z"), v. t. (Law) To disseize anew, or a second time.
   [Written also redisseise.]

                                  Redisseizin

   Re`dis*sei"zin  (-s?"z?n), n. (Law) A disseizin by one who once before
   was adjudged to have dassezed the same person of the same lands, etc.;
   also, a writ which lay in such a case. Blackstone.

                                  Redisseizor

   Re`dis*sei"zor (-z?r), n. (Law) One who redisseizes.

                                  Redissolve

   Re`dis*solve" (r?`d?z*z?lv"), v. t. To dissolve again.

                                   Redistill

   Re`dis*till" (r?`d?s*t?l"), v. t. To distill again.

                                 Redistrainer

   Re`dis*train"er (-tr?n"?r), n. One who distrains again.

                                 Redistribute

   Re`dis*trib"ute   (-tr?b"?t),   v.   t.   To   distribute   again.  --
   Re*dis`tri*bu"tion (-tr, n.

                                  Redistrict

   Re*dis"trict (-tr?kt), v. t. To divide into new districts.

                                   Redition

   Re*di"tion (r?*d?sh"?n), n. [L. reditio, fr. redire. See Redient.] Act
   of returning; return. [Obs.] Chapman.

                                   Redivide

   Re`di*vide" (r?`d?*v?d"), v. t. To divide anew.

                             Redleg rdlg, Redlegs

   Red"leg`   (r?d"l?g`),  Red`legs`  (-l?gz`),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The
   redshank. (b) The turnstone.

                                  Red-letter

   Red"-let`ter  (-l?t`t?r),  a. Of or pertaining to a red letter; marked
   by red letters. Red-letter day, a day that is fortunate or auspicious;
   --  so  called  in  allusion  to  the  custom of marking holy days, or
   saints' days, in the old calendars with red letters.

                                     Redly

   Red"ly, adv. In a red manner; with redness.

                                   Redmouth

   Red"mouth`  (-mouth`),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one of several species of
   marine  food  fishes  of  the  genus  Diabasis,  or H\'91mulon, of the
   Southern  United  States,  having  the inside of the mouth bright red.
   Called also flannelmouth, and grunt.

                                    Redness

   Red"ness,  n. [AS. r. See Red.] The quality or state of being red; red
   color.

                          Redolence rdlens, Redolency

   Red"o*lence  (r?d"?*lens),  Red"o*len*cy  (-len*s?), n. The quality of
   being redolent; sweetness of scent; pleasant odor; fragrance.

                                   Redolent

   Red"o*lent  (-lent),  a.  [L.  redolens, -entis, p. pr. of redolere to
   emit  a scent, diffuse an odor; pref. red-, re-, re- + olere to emit a
   smell.  See Odor.] Diffusing odor or fragrance; spreading sweet scent;
   scented; odorous; smelling; -- usually followed by of. "Honey redolent
   of spring." Dryden. -- Red"o*lent*ly, adv.

     Gales . . . redolent of joy and youth. Gray.

                                   Redouble

   Re*dou"ble  (r?*d?b"'l),  v. t. [Pref. re- + double: cf. F. redoubler.
   Cf.  Reduplicate.]  To  double  again  or  repeatedly;  to increase by
   continued or repeated additions; to augment greatly; to multiply.

     So they Doubly redoubled strokes upon the foe. Shak.

   <--  v.  t. 2. (Contract bridge) To bid a redouble. n. An optional bid
   made  by  the side currently holding the highest bid for the contract,
   after  the opposing side has doubled. This bid increases the score for
   successfully  making  the  contract,  and  increases the penalties for
   failing.  The score or penalty depends on the number of tricks over or
   under  the contract, according to a defined schedule, and depending on
   the vulnerability of the side attempting the contract. -->

                                   Redouble

   Re*dou"ble,  v.  i.  To  become greatly or repeatedly increased; to be
   multiplied; to be greatly augmented; as, the noise redoubles.

                                    Redoubt

   Re*doubt" (r?*dout"), n. [F. redoute, fem., It. ridotto, LL. reductus,
   literally,  a  retreat, from L. reductus drawn back, retired, p. p. of
   reducere  to  lead  or  draw  back;  cf.  F.  r\'82duit,  also fr. LL.
   reductus.  See  Reduce,  and  cf.  Reduct,  R, Ridotto.] (Fort.) (a) A
   small,  and  usually a roughly constructed, fort or outwork of varying
   shape,  commonly erected for a temporary purpose, and without flanking
   defenses,  --  used  esp.  in fortifying tops of hills and passes, and
   positions  in  hostile  territory.  (b) In permanent works, an outwork
   placed  within  another  outwork.  See  F and i in Illust. of Ravelin.
   [Written also redout.]

                                    Redoubt

   Re*doubt",  v.  t. [F. redouter, formerly also spelt redoubter; fr. L.
   pref.  re-  re-  +  dubitare to doubt, in LL., to fear. See Doubt.] To
   stand in dread of; to regard with fear; to dread. [R.]

                                  Redoubtable

   Re*doubt"a*ble  (-?*b'l),  a.  [F.  redoutable,  formerly  also  spelt
   redoubtable.]  Formidable;  dread; terrible to foes; as, a redoubtable
   hero; hence, valiant; -- often in contempt or burlesque. [Written also
   redoutable.]

                                   Redoubted

   Re*doubt"ed, a. Formidable; dread. "Some redoubled knight." Spenser.

     Lord regent, and redoubted Burgandy. Shak.

                                  Redoubting

   Re*doubt"ing, n. Reverence; honor. [Obs.]

     In redoutyng of Mars and of his glory. Chaucer.

                                    Redound

   Re*dound"  (r?*dound"), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Redounded; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Redounding.] [F. redonder, L. redundare; pref. red-, re-, re- + undare
   to  rise  in  waves  or surges, fr. unda a wave. See Undulate, and cf.
   Redundant.]

   1.  To  roll  back,  as a wave or flood; to be sent or driven back; to
   flow  back,  as a consequence or effect; to conduce; to contribute; to
   result.

     The evil, soon Driven back, redounded as a flood on those From whom
     it sprung. Milton.

     The  honor  done  to  our  religion ultimately redounds to God, the
     author of it. Rogers.

     both  .  .  .  will devour great quantities of paper, there will no
     small use redound from them to that manufacture. Addison.

   2.  To  be  in  excess;  to remain over and above; to be redundant; to
   overflow.

     For every dram of honey therein found, A pound of gall doth over it
     redound. Spenser.

                                    Redound

   Re*dound", n.

   1.  The  coming  back,  as  of  consequence or effect; result; return;
   requital.

     We  give  you  welcome;  not  without  redound  Of use and glory to
     yourselves ye come. Tennyson.

   2. Rebound; reverberation. [R.] Codrington.

                                    Redowa

   Red"ow*a  (r?d"?*?),  n.  [F.,  fr. Bohemian.] A Bohemian dance of two
   kinds,  one  in triple time, like a waltz, the other in two-four time,
   like a polka. The former is most in use.

                                    Redpole

   Red"pole` (r?d"p?l`), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Redpoll.

                                    Redpoll

   Red"poll`  (-p?l`),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) Any one of several species of
   small  northern  finches of the genus Acanthis (formerly \'92giothus),
   native  of  Europe and America. The adults have the crown red or rosy.
   The  male of the most common species (A. linarius) has also the breast
   and  rump  rosy. Called also redpoll linnet. See Illust. under Linnet.
   (b)  The  common  European  linnet.  (c)  The American redpoll warbler
   (Dendroica palmarum).

                                    Redraft

   Re*draft" (r&emac;*dr&adot;ft"), v. t. To draft or draw anew.

                                    Redraft

   Re*draft", n.

   1. A second draft or copy.

   2.  (Com.) A new bill of exchange which the holder of a protected bill
   draws  on  the  drawer or indorsers, in order to recover the amount of
   the protested bill with costs and charges.

                                    Redraw

   Re*draw"   (r?*dr?"),   v.  t.  [imp.  Redrew  (-dr?");p.  p.  Redrawn
   (-dr\'b5n");  p.  pr.  &  vb.  n. Redrawing.] To draw again; to make a
   second draft or copy of; to redraft.

                                    Redraw

   Re*draw",  v.  i. (Com.) To draw a new bill of exchange, as the holder
   of a protested bill, on the drawer or indorsers.

                                    Redress

   Re*dress" (r?*dr?s"), v. t. [Pref. re- + dress.] To dress again.

                                    Redress

   Re*dress" (r?*dr?s"), v. t. [F. redresser to straighten; pref. re- re-
   + dresser to raise, arrange. See Dress.]

   1. To put in order again; to set right; to emend; to revise. [R.]

     The common profit could she redress. Chaucer.

     In  yonder  spring  of  roses  intermixed With myrtle, find what to
     redress till noon. Milton.

     Your  wish  that  I  should  redress  a certain paper which you had
     prepared. A. Hamilton.

   2.  To  set right, as a wrong; to repair, as an injury; to make amends
   for; to remedy; to relieve from.

     Those  wrongs,  those  bitter  injuries, . . . I doubt not but with
     honor to redress. Shak.

   3. To make amends or compensation to; to relieve of anything unjust or
   oppressive; to bestow relief upon. "'T is thine, O king! the afflicted
   to redress." Dryden.

     Will Gaul or Muscovite redress ye? Byron.

                                    Redress

   Re*dress", n.

   1.  The  act  of  redressing; a making right; reformation; correction;
   amendment. [R.]

     Reformation  of  evil  laws  is  commendable,  but  for us the more
     necessary is a speedy redress of ourselves. Hooker.

   2. A setting right, as of wrong, injury, or opression; as, the redress
   of  grievances;  hence,  relief;  remedy; reparation; indemnification.
   Shak.

     A  few  may  complain  without  reason;  but  there is occasion for
     redress when the cry is universal. Davenant.

   3. One who, or that which, gives relief; a redresser.

     Fair majesty, the refuge and redress Of those whom fate pursues and
     wants oppress. Dryden.

                                   Redressal

   Re*dress"al (r?*dr?s"al), n. Redress.

                                   Redresser

   Re*dress"er (-?r), n. One who redresses.

                                  Redressible

   Re*dress"i*ble (-?*b'l), a. Such as may be redressed.

                                  Redressive

   Re*dress"ive (-?v), a. Tending to redress. Thomson.

                                  Redressless

   Re*dress"less,  a.  Not  having redress; such as can not be redressed;
   irremediable. Sherwood.

                                  Redressment

   Re*dress"ment   (-ment),   n.   [Cf.  F.  redressement.]  The  act  of
   redressing; redress. Jefferson.

                                  Red-riband

   Red"-rib`and  (r?d"r?b`and), n. (Zo\'94l.) The European red band fish,
   or fireflame. See Rend fish.

                                    Redroot

   Red"root`  (r?d"r?t`),  n.  (Bot.) A name of several plants having red
   roots,  as  the  New  Jersey  tea  (see  under Tea), the gromwell, the
   bloodroot, and the Lachnanthes tinctoria, an endogenous plant found in
   sandy swamps from Rhode Island to Florida.

                                    Redsear

   Red`sear"  (r?d`s?r"),  v.  i.  To  be  brittle  when  red-hot;  to be
   red-short. Moxon.

                                   Redshank

   Red"shank` (r?d"sh?nk`), n.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  common  Old  World  limicoline  bird  (Totanus
   calidris), having the legs and feet pale red. The spotted redshank (T.
   fuscus)  is  larger,  and  has orange-red legs. Called also redshanks,
   redleg, and clee. (b) The fieldfare.

   2.  A bare-legged person; -- a contemptuous appellation formerly given
   to the Scotch Highlanders, in allusion to their bare legs. Spenser.

                                   Red-short

   Red"-short` (-sh?rt`), a. (Metal.) Hot-short; brittle when red-hot; --
   said of certain kinds of iron. -- Red"-short`ness, n.

                                    Redskin

   Red"skin`  (-sk?n`),  n.  A  common  appellation  for a North American
   Indian;  --  so  called  from  the  color  of the skin. Cooper. <-- 2.
   (Football) A member of the Washington Redskins. -->

                                   Redstart

   Red"start`  (-st?rt`),  n. [Red + start tail.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) A small,
   handsome  European  singing  bird (Ruticilla ph\'d2nicurus), allied to
   the   nightingale;   --  called  also  redtail,  brantail,  fireflirt,
   firetail.  The black redstart is P.tithys. The name is also applied to
   several  other  species  of  Ruticilla  amnd  allied genera, native of
   India. (b) An American fly-catching warbler (Setophaga ruticilla). The
   male  is  black, with large patches of orange-red on the sides, wings,
   and tail. The female is olive, with yellow patches.

                                   Redstreak

   Red"streak` (-str?k`), n.

   1.  A kind of apple having the skin streaked with red and yellow, -- a
   favorite English cider apple. Mortimer.

   2. Cider pressed from redstreak apples.

                                    Redtail

   Red"tail`  (-t?l`),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The red-tailed hawk. (b) The
   European redstart.

                                  Red-tailed

   Red"-tailed`   (-t?ld`),   a.  Having  a  red  tail.  Red-tailed  hawk
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  large North American hawk (Buteo borealis). When adult
   its  tail  is  chestnut  red.  Called  also  hen hawck, and red-tailed
   buzzard.

                                   Red-tape

   Red"-tape`  (-t?p`),  a.  Pertaining to, or characterized by, official
   formality. See Red tape, under Red, a.

                                  Red-tapism

   Red`-tap"ism   (r?d`t?p"?z'm),   n.   Strict   adherence  to  official
   formalities. J. C. Shairp.

                                  Red-tapist

   Red`-tap"ist,  n.  One  who  is  tenacious  of  a  strict adherence to
   official formalities. Ld. Lytton.

                                   Redthroat

   Red"throat`  (r?d"thr?t`),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A small Australian singing
   bird (Phyrrhol\'91mus brunneus). The upper parts are brown, the center
   of the throat red.

                                    Redtop

   Red"top` (-t?p`), n. (Bot.) A kind of grass (Agrostis vulgaris) highly
   valued  in  the  United  States  for  pasturage and hay for cattle; --
   called  also  English  grass, and in some localities herd's grass. See
   Illustration in Appendix. The tall redtop is Triodia seslerioides.

                                     Redub

   Re*dub"  (r?*d?b"),  v. t. [F. radouber to refit or repair.] To refit;
   to repair, or make reparation for; hence, to repay or requite. [Obs.]

     It shall be good that you redub that negligence. Wyatt.

     God  shall  give  power  to redub it with some like requital to the
     French. Grafton.

                                    Reduce

   Re*duce"   (r&esl;*d&umac;s"),   v.   t.   [imp.   &   p.  p.  Reduced
   (-d&umac;st"),;  p.  pr.  &  vb. n. Reducing (-d&umac;"s&icr;ng).] [L.
   reducere,  reductum;  pref. red-. re-, re- + ducere to lead. See Duke,
   and cf. Redoubt, n.]

   1. To bring or lead back to any former place or condition. [Obs.]

     And to his brother's house reduced his wife. Chapman.

     The  sheep  must  of  necessity  be  scattered,  unless  the  great
     Shephered  of  souls  oppose,  or  some of his delegates reduce and
     direct us. Evelyn.

   2.  To  bring  to  any  inferior  state,  with  respect to rank, size,
   quantity,  quality, value, etc.; to diminish; to lower; to degrade; to
   impair; as, to reduce a sergeant to the ranks; to reduce a drawing; to
   reduce  expenses;  to  reduce  the  intensity of heat. "An ancient but
   reduced family." Sir W. Scott.

     Nothing  so excellent but a man may fasten upon something belonging
     to it, to reduce it. Tillotson.

     Having reduced Their foe to misery beneath their fears. Milton.

     Hester  Prynne  was shocked at the condition to which she found the
     clergyman reduced. Hawthorne.

   3.  To  bring  to terms; to humble; to conquer; to subdue; to capture;
   as, to reduce a province or a fort.
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   Page 1205

   4.  To  bring  to  a certain state or condition by grinding, pounding,
   kneading,  rubbing, etc.; as, to reduce a substance to powder, or to a
   pasty mass; to reduce fruit, wood, or paper rags, to pulp.

     It were but right And equal to reduce me to my dust. Milton.

   5.  To  bring into a certain order, arrangement, classification, etc.;
   to  bring  under  rules  or  within certain limits of descriptions and
   terms  adapted  to  use  in  computation;  as,  to  reduce  animals or
   vegetables  to  a class or classes; to reduce a series of observations
   in astronomy; to reduce language to rules.

   6.  (Arith.)  (a)  To  change,  as numbers, from one denomination into
   another  without  altering  their value, or from one denomination into
   others  of  the same value; as, to reduce pounds, shillings, and pence
   to  pence,  or  to reduce pence to pounds; to reduce days and hours to
   minutes,  or  minutes  to  days and hours. (b) To change the form of a
   quantity  or  expression  without  altering  its  value; as, to reduce
   fractions to their lowest terms, to a common denominator, etc.

   7.  (Chem.)  To  bring  to  the  metallic  state  by  separating  from
   impurities; hence, in general, to remove oxygen from; to deoxidize; to
   combine  with,  or  to  subject to the action of, hydrogen; as, ferric
   iron  is  reduced  to  ferrous  iron; or metals are reduced from their
   ores; -- opposed to oxidize.

   8.  (Med.) To restore to its proper place or condition, as a displaced
   organ or part; as, to reduce a dislocation, a fracture, or a hernia.
   Reduced iron (Chem.), metallic iron obtained through deoxidation of an
   oxide  of  iron by exposure to a current of hydrogen or other reducing
   agent.  When  hydrogen  is  used  the  product  is called also iron by
   hydrogen.  --  To  reduce  an  equation  (Alg.),  to bring the unknown
   quantity  by  itself  on one side, and all the known quantities on the
   other   side,  without  destroying  the  equation.  --  To  reduce  an
   expression (Alg.), to obtain an equivalent expression of simpler form.
   --  To  reduce  a square (Mil.), to reform the line or column from the
   square.  Syn.  --  To  diminish;  lessen;  decrease;  abate;  shorten;
   curtail; impair; lower; subject; subdue; subjugate; conquer.

                                  Reducement

   Re*duce"ment (r?*d?s"ment), n. Reduction. Milton.

                                   Reducent

   Re*du"cent (r?*d?"sent), a. [L. reducens, p. pr. of reducere.] Tending
   to reduce. -- n. A reducent agent.

                                    Reducer

   Re*du"cer (-s?r), n. One who, or that which, reduces.

                                   Reducible

   Re*du"ci*ble (-s?*b'll), a. Capable of being reduced.

                                 Reducibleness

   Re*du"ci*ble*ness, n. Quality of being reducible.

                                   Reducing

   Re*du"cing   (r?*d?"s?ng),  a  &  n.  from  Reduce.  Reducing  furnace
   (Metal.),  a  furnace  for  reducing ores. -- Reducing pipe fitting, a
   pipe  fitting,  as a coupling, an elbow, a tee, etc., for connecting a
   large  pipe  with  a  smaller  one.  --  Reducing  valve, a device for
   automatically  maintaining  a  diminished pressure of steam, air, gas,
   etc., in a pipe, or other receiver, which is fed from a boiler or pipe
   in which the pressure is higher than is desired in the receiver.

                                    Reduct

   Re*duct"  (r?*d?kt"),  v.  t..  [L.reductus,  p.  p.  of reducere. See
   Reduce.] To reduce. [Obs.] W. Warde.

                                 Reductibility

   Re*duc`ti*bil"i*ty  (r?*d?k`t?*b?l"?*t?),  n.  The  quality  of  being
   reducible; reducibleness.

                                   Reduction

   Re*duc"tion  (r?*d?k"sh?n),  n.  [F.  r\'82duction,  L.  reductio. See
   Reduce.]

   1.  The  act  of  reducing, or state of being reduced; conversion to a
   given state or condition; diminution; conquest; as, the reduction of a
   body to powder; the reduction of things to order; the reduction of the
   expenses of government; the reduction of a rebellious province.

   2.  (Arith. & Alq.) The act or process of reducing. See Reduce, v. t.,
   6.  and  To reduce an equation, To reduce an expression, under Reduce,
   v. t.

   3.  (Astron.)  (a)  The correction of observations for known errors of
   instruments, etc. (b) The preparation of the facts and measurements of
   observations in order to deduce a general result.

   4.  The process of making a copy of something, as a figure, design, or
   draught,  on  a  smaller  scale,  preserving  the  proper proportions.
   Fairholt.

   5.  (Logic)  The  bringing  of  a  syllogism  in  one of the so-called
   imperfect modes into a mode in the first figure.

   6.  (Chem.  & Metal.) The act, process, or result of reducing; as, the
   reduction  of  iron  from  its  ores;  the  reduction of aldehyde from
   alcohol.

   7. (Med.) The operation of restoring a dislocated or fractured part to
   its former place.
   Reduction  ascending  (Arith.), the operation of changing numbers of a
   lower  into  others  of a higher denomination, as cents to dollars. --
   Reduction  descending (Arith.), the operation of changing numbers of a
   higher  into others of a lower denomination, as dollars to cents. Syn.
   --   Diminution;   decrease;   abatement;   curtailment;  subjugation;
   conquest; subjection.

                                   Reductive

   Re*duc"tive (-t?v), a. [Cf. F. r\'82ductif.] Tending to reduce; having
   the power or effect of reducing. -- n. A reductive agent. Sir M. Hale.

                                  Reductively

   Re*duc"tive*ly, adv. By reduction; by consequence.

                                   R\'82duit

   R\'82`duit"  (r?`dw?"),  n. [F. See Redoubt, n. ] (Fort.) A central or
   retired work within any other work.

                        Redundance rdndans, Redundancy

   Re*dun"dance    (r?*d?n"dans),   Re*dun"dan*cy   (-dan*s?),   n.   [L.
   redundantia: cf. F. redondance.]

   1.   The   quality   or   state   of   being  redundant;  superfluity;
   superabundance; excess.

   2.  That  which  is  redundant  or  in excess; anything superfluous or
   superabundant.

     Labor . . . throws off redundacies. Addison.

   3.  (Law)  Surplusage  inserted in a pleading which may be rejected by
   the court without impairing the validity of what remains.

                                   Redundant

   Re*dun"dant  (-dant),  a.  [L. redundans, -antis, p. pr. of redundare:
   cf. F. redondant. See Redound.]

   1.  Exceeding  what is natural or necessary; superabundant; exuberant;
   as, a redundant quantity of bile or food.

     Notwithstanding  the  redundant oil in fishes, they do not increase
     fat so much as flesh. Arbuthnot.

   2.  Using  more  worrds  or  images  than  are  necessary  or  useful;
   pleonastic.

     Where   an  suthor  is  redundant,  mark  those  paragraphs  to  be
     retrenched. I. Watts.

   Syn. -- Superfluous; superabundant; excessive; exuberant; overflowing;
   plentiful; copious.

                                  Redundantly

   Re*dun"dant*ly (r?*d?n"dant*l?), adv. In a refundant manner.

                                  Reduplicate

   Re*du"pli*cate  (r?*d?"pl?*k?t),  a.  [Pref.  re-  + duplicate: cf. L.
   reduplicatus. Cf. Redouble.]

   1. Double; doubled; reduplicative; repeated.

   2. (Bot.) Valvate with the margins curved outwardly; -- said of the

                                  Reduplicate

   Re*du"pli*cate (-k?t), v. t. [Cf. LL. reduplicare.]

   1. To redouble; to multiply; to repeat.

   2.  (Gram.)  To  repeat  the  first letter or letters of (a word). See
   Reduplication,3.

                                 Reduplication

   Re*du`pli*ca"tion   (-k?sh?n),   n.   [Cf.   F.  r\'82duplication,  L.
   reduplicatio repetition.]

   1. The act of doubling, or the state of being doubled.

   2.  (Pros.) A figure in which the first word of a verse is the same as
   the last word of the preceding verse.

   3.  (Philol.)  The  doubling  of  a  stem  or  syllable  (more or less
   modified),   with   the   effect   of  changing  the  time  expressed,
   intensifying the meaning, or making the word more imitative; also, the
   syllable thus added; as, L. tetuli; poposci.

                                Reduplica-tive

   Re*du"pli*ca-tive  (-k?*t?v),  a.  [Cf.  F.  r\'82duplicatif.] Double;
   formed by reduplication; reduplicate. I. Watts.

                                    Reduvid

   Red"u*vid  (r?d"?*v?d),  n.  [L.  reduvia  a hangnail.] (Zo\'94l.) Any
   hemipterous  insect of the genus Redivius, or family Reduvid\'91. They
   live  by  sucking  the  blood  of other insects, and some species also
   attack man.

                                    Redweed

   Red"weed`  (r&ecr;d"w&emac;d`),  n.  (Bot.)  The  red  poppy  (Papaver
   Rh\'d2as). Dr. Prior.

                                    Redwing

   Red"wing`  (-w?ng`), n. (Zo\'94l.) A European thrush (Turdus iliacus).
   Its  under  wing coverts are orange red. Called also redwinged thrush.
   (b)  A  North  American passerine bird (Agelarius ph&oe;niceus) of the
   family  Icterid\'91.  The  male  is black, with a conspicuous patch of
   bright  red, bordered with orange, on each wing. Called also redwinged
   blackbird, red-winged troupial, marsh blackbird, and swamp blackbird.

                                   Redwithe

   Red"withe`  (r?d"w?th`),  n.  (Bot.)  A  west  Indian  climbing  shrub
   (Combretum Jacquini) with slender reddish branchlets.

                                    Redwood

   Red"wood`  (-w&oocr;d`),  n.  (Bot.)  (a)  A  gigantic coniferous tree
   (Sequoia  sempervirens)  of  California,  and  its  light  and durable
   reddish timber. See Sequoia. (b) An East Indian dyewood, obtained from
   Pterocarpus santalinus, C\'91salpinia Sappan, and several other trees.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e re dwood of Andaman is Pterocarpus dalbergioides;
     that  of  some  parts  of  tropical  America,  several  species  of
     Erythoxylum; that of Brazil, the species of Humirium.

                                      Ree

   Ree (r&emac;), n. [Pg. real, pl. reis. See Real the money.] See Rei.

                                      Ree

   Ree,  v.  t.  [Cf.  Prov. G. r, raden, raiten. Cf. Riddle a sieve.] To
   riddle;  to  sift;  to  separate  or  throw  off. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
   Mortimer.

                                    Reebok

   Ree"bok` (r?"b?k`), n. [D., literally, roebuck.] (Zo\'94l.) The peele.
   [Written also rehboc and rheeboc.]

   Re Re* (r?*?k"?), v. t. To echo back; to reverberate again; as, the hills
                         re\'89cho the roar of cannon.

                                   Re\'89cho

   Re*\'89ch"o, v. i. To give echoes; to return back, or be reverberated,
   as an echo; to resound; to be resonant.

     And a loud groan re\'89choes from the main. Pope.

                                   Re\'89cho

   Re*\'89ch"o, n. The echo of an echo; a repeated or second echo.

                                    Reechy

   Reech"y  (r?ch"?),  a. [See Reeky.] Smoky; reeky; hence, begrimed with
   dirt. [Obs.]

                                     Reed

   Reed (r?d), a. Red. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                     Reed

   Reed, v. & n. Same as Rede. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                     Reed

   Reed,  n.  The  fourth  stomach  of a ruminant; rennet. [Prov. Eng. or
   Scot.]

                                     Reed

   Reed, n. [AS. hre; akin to D. riet, G. riet, ried, OHG. kriot, riot.]

   1.  (Bot.)  A  name given to many tall and coarse grasses or grasslike
   plants,  and  their slender, often jointed, stems, such as the various
   kinds  of  bamboo,  and especially the common reed of Europe and North
   America (Phragmites communis).

   2.  A  musical  instrument  made  of the hollow joint of some plant; a
   rustic or pastoral pipe.

     Arcadian pipe, the pastoral reed Of Hermes. Milton.

   3. An arrow, as made of a reed. Prior.

   4. Straw prepared for thatching a roof. [Prov. Eng.]

   5. (Mus.) (a) A small piece of cane or wood attached to the mouthpiece
   of  certain  instruments,  and  set in vibration by the breath. In the
   clarinet  it  is  a  single  fiat  reed; in the oboe and bassoon it is
   double,  forming  a  compressed  tube.  (b)  One of the thin pieces of
   metal,  the  vibration  of  which  produce  the  tones  of a melodeon,
   accordeon,  harmonium,  or seraphine; also attached to certain sets or
   registers of pipes in an organ.

   6.  (Weaving)  A  frame  having parallel flat stripe of metal or reed,
   between  which  the  warp  threads  pass, set in the swinging lathe or
   batten of a loom for beating up the weft; a sley. See Batten.

   7.  (Mining)  A  tube  containing the train of powder for igniting the
   charge in blasting.

   8. (Arch.) Same as Reeding.
   Egyptian  reed  (Bot.), the papyrus. -- Free reed (Mus.), a reed whose
   edges  do  not  overlap  the  wind  passage, -- used in the harmonium,
   concertina, etc. It is distinguished from the beating or striking reed
   of  the  organ and clarinet. -- Meadow reed grass (Bot.), the Glyceria
   aquatica,  a  tall  grass  found  in  wet places. -- Reed babbler. See
   Reedbird.  --  Reed  bunting  (Zo\'94l.)  A European sparrow (Emberiza
   sch&oe;niclus)  which  frequents  marshy  places;  -- called also reed
   sparrow,  ring  bunting.  (b) Reedling. -- Reed canary grass (Bot.), a
   tall  wild grass (Phalaris arundinacea). -- Reed grass. (Bot.) (a) The
   common  reed.  See  Reed,  1. (b) A plant of the genus Sparganium; bur
   reed.  See under Bur. -- Reed organ (Mus.), an organ in which the wind
   acts  on  a set of free reeds, as the harmonium, melodeon, concertina,
   etc. -- Reed pipe (Mus.), a pipe of an organ furnished with a reed. --
   Reed sparrow. (Zo\'94l.) See Reed bunting, above. -- Reed stop (Mus.),
   a  set  of  pipes  in  an organ furnished with reeds. -- Reed warbler.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A small European warbler (Acrocephalus streperus); --
   called  also  reed  wren. (b) Any one of several species of Indian and
   Australian  warblers  of  the  genera  Acrocephalus,  Calamoherpe, and
   Arundinax. They are excellent singers. -- Sea-sand reed (Bot.), a kind
   of coarse grass (Ammophila arundinacea). See Beach grass, under Beach.
   --  Wood reed grass (Bot.), a tall, elegant grass (Cinna arundinacea),
   common in moist woods.

                                   Reedbird

   Reed"bird`  (r?d"b?rd`),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The bobolink. (b) One of
   several  small  Asiatic  singing birds of the genera Sch&oe;nicola and
   Eurycercus; -- called also reed babbler.

                                   Reedbuck

   Reed"buck" (-b?k`), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Rietboc.

                                    Reeded

   Reed"ed, a.

   1. Civered with reeds; reedy. Tusser.

   2. Formed with channels and ridges like reeds.

                                    Reeden

   Reed"en (r?d"'n), a. Consisting of a reed or reeds.

     Through reeden pipes convey the golden flood. Dryden.

                               Re\'89dification

   Re*\'89d`i*fi*ca"tion     (r?*?d`?*f?*k?"sh?n),     n.     [Cf.     F.
   r\'82\'82dification. See Re\'89dify.] The act re\'89difying; the state
   of being re\'89dified.

                                  Re\'89dify

   Re*\'89d"i*fy  (r?*?d"?*ff?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  re-  +  edify:  cf.  F.
   r\'82\'82difier, L. reaedificare.] To edify anew; to build again after
   destruction. [R.] Milton.

                                    Reeding

   Reed"ing (r?d"?ng), n. [From 4th Reed.]

   1.  (Arch.)  A  small  convex  molding;  a  reed  (see  Illust. (i) of
   Molding);  one  of  several  set close together to decorate a surface;
   also, decoration by means of reedings; -- the reverse of fluting.

     NOTE: &hand; Se veral re edings are often placed together, parallel
     to  each  other,  either  projecting  from,  or  inserted into, the
     adjining  surface.  The  decoration  so produced is then called, in
     general, reeding.

   2. The nurling on the edge of a coin; -- commonly called milling.

                                   Reedless

   Reed"less, a. Destitute of reeds; as, reedless banks.

                                   Reedling

   Reed"ling   (-l?ng),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  European  bearded  titmouse
   (Panurus biarmicus); -- called also reed bunting, bearded pinnock, and
   lesser butcher bird.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  or ange br own, ma rked with black, white, and
     yellow  on the wings. The male has a tuft of black feathers on each
     side of the face.

                                   Reed-mace

   Reed"-mace` (-m?s`), n. (Bot.) The cat-tail.

                                   Reedwork

   Reed"work` (-w?rk`), n. (Mus.) A collective name for the reed stops of
   an organ.

                                     Reedy

   Reed"y (-?), a.

   1. Abounding with reeds; covered with reeds. "A reedy pool." Thomson .

   2. Having the quality of reed in tone, that is,

                                     Reef

   Reef  (r?f),  n.  [Akin  to  D. rif, G. riff, Icel. rif, Dan. rev; cf.
   Icel. rifa rift, rent, fissure, rifa to rive, bear. Cf. Rift, Rive.]

   1.  A  chain  or  range  of  rocks lying at or near the surface of the
   water. See Coral reefs, under Coral.

   2.  (Mining.)  A  large  vein  of  auriferous  quartz; -- so called in
   Australia. Hence, any body of rock yielding valuable ore.
   Reef builder (Zo\'94l.), any stony coral which contributes material to
   the  formation  of coral reefs. -- Reef heron (Zo\'94l.), any heron of
   the  genus  Demigretta;  as,  the  blue  reef  heron  (D.jugularis) of
   Australia.

                                     Reef

   Reef,  n. [Akin to D. reef, G. reff, Sw. ref; cf. Icel. rif reef, rifa
   to  basten  together. Cf. Reeve, v. t., River.] (Naut.) That part of a
   sail  which  is  taken  in  or let out by means of the reef points, in
   order to adapt the size of the sail to the force of the wind.

     NOTE: &hand; From the head to the first reef-band, in square sails,
     is termed the first reef; from this to the next is the second reef;
     and so on. In fore-and-aft sails, which reef on the foot, the first
     reef is the lowest part.

   Totten.  Close  reef,  the last reef that can be put in. -- Reef band.
   See  Reef-band in the Vocabulary. -- Reef knot, the knot which is used
   in  tying  reef pointss. See Illust. under Knot. -- Reef line, a small
   rope  formerly used to reef the courses by being passed spirally round
   the  yard  and through the holes of the reef. Totten. -- Reef pioints,
   pieces  of small rope passing through the eyelet holes of a reef-band,
   and  used reefing the sail. -- Reef tackle, a tackle by which the reef
   cringles,  or  rings, of a sail are hauled up to the yard for reefing.
   Totten.  --  To  take  a  reef  in,  to reduce the size of (a sail) by
   folding or rolling up a reef, and lashing it to the spar.

                                     Reef

   Reef,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Reefed (r\'c7ft); p. pr. & vb. n. Reefing.]
   (Naut.)  To  reduce  the extent of (as a sail) by roiling or folding a
   certain  portion of it and making it fast to the yard or spar. Totten.
   To  reef  the paddles, to move the floats of a paddle wheel toward its
   center so that they will not dip so deeply.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 1206

                                   Reef-band

   Reef"-band`  (r?f"b?nd`),  n. (Naut.) A piece of canvas sewed across a
   sail  to  strengthen it in the part where the eyelet holes for reefing
   are made. Totten.

                                    Reefer

   Reef"er (-?r), n.

   1.  (Naut.)  One  who  reefs;  --  a  name  often given to midshipmen.
   Marryat.

   2.  A  close-fitting  lacket  or  short  coat of thick cloth. <-- 3. A
   marijuana cigarette [Slang]. -->

                                    Reefing

   Reef"ing,  n.  (Naut.)  The  process  of  taking  in  a  reef. Reefing
   bowsprit,  a  bowsprit  so  rigged  that  it  can  easily be run in or
   shortened by sliding inboard, as in cutters.

                                     Reefy

   Reef"y (-?), a. Full of reefs or rocks.

                                     Reek

   Reek (r&emac;k), n. A rick. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

                                     Reek

   Reek,  n.  [AS.  r;  akin  to OFries. r, LG. & D. rook, G. rauch, OHG.
   rouh, Dan. rr, Icel. reykr, and to AS. re to reek, smoke, Icel. rj, G.
   riechen to smell.] Vapor; steam; smoke; fume.

     As hateful to me as the reek of a limekiln. Shak.

                                     Reek

   Reek,  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Reeked (r?kt); p. pr. & vb. n. Reeking.]
   [As.  r.  See  Reek vapor..] To emit vapor, usually that which is warm
   and moist; to be full of fumes; to steam; to smoke; to exhale.

     Few chimneys reeking you shall espy. Spenser.

     I  found  me laid In balmy sweat, which with his beams the sun Soon
     dried, and on the reeking moisture fed. Milton.

     The coffee rooms reeked with tobacco. Macualay.

                                     Reeky

   Reek"y (-?), a. [From 2d Reek; cf. Reechy.]

   1. Soiled with smoke or steam; smoky; foul. Shak.

   2. Emitting reek. "Reeky fen." Sir W. Scott.

                                     Reel

   Reel  (r?l),  n.  [Gael. righil.] A lively dance of the Highlanders of
   Scotland;  also,  the music to the dance; -- often called Scotch reel.
   Virginia  reel,  the  common name throughout the United States for the
   old English "country dance," or contradance (contredanse). Bartlett.
   
                                     Reel
                                       
   Reel, n. [AS. kre: cf. Icel. kr a weaver's reed or sley.] 

   1.  A  frame with radial arms, or a kind of spool, turning on an axis,
   on which yarn, threads, lines, or the like, are wound; as, a log reel,
   used by seamen; an angler's reel; a garden reel.

   2.  A machine on which yarn is wound and measured into lays and hanks,
   --  for  cotton  or  linen  it  is  fifty-four  inches in circuit; for
   worsted, thirty inches. McElrath.

   3.  (Agric.) A device consisting of radial arms with horizontal stats,
   connected  with  a harvesting machine, for holding the stalks of grain
   in position to be cut by the knives.
   Reel  oven, a baker's oven in which bread pans hang suspended from the
   arms of a kind of reel revolving on a horizontal axis. Knight.

                                     Reel

   Reel, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Reeled (r?ld); p. pr. & vb. n. Reeling. ]

   1. To roll. [Obs.]

     And Sisyphus an huge round stone did reel. Spenser.

   2. To wind upon a reel, as yarn or thread.

                                     Reel

   Reel, v. i. [Cf. Sw. ragla. See 2d Reel.]

   1. To incline, in walking, from one side to the other; to stagger.

     They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man. Ps. cvii. 27.

     He, with heavy fumes oppressed, Reeled from the palace, and retired
     to rest. Pope.

     The wagons reeling under the yellow sheaves. Macualay.

   2. To have a whirling sensation; to be giddy.

     In these lengthened vigils his brain often reeled. Hawthorne.

                                     Reel

   Reel,  n.  The  act  or motion of reeling or staggering; as, a drunken
   reel. Shak.

                                  Re\'89lect

   Re`\'89*lect"  (r?`?*l?kt"),  v.  t. To elect again; as, to re\'89lect
   the former governor.

                                 Re\'89lection

   Re`\'89*lec"tion  (-l?k"sh?n), n. Election a second time, or anew; as,
   the re\'89lection of a former chief.

                                    Reeler

   Reel"er (r?l"?r), n.

   1. One who reels.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  grasshopper  warbler; -- so called from its note.
   [Prov. Eng.]

                                 Re\'89ligible

   Re*\'89l"i*gi*ble   (r?*?l"?*b'l),   a.   Eligble  again;  capable  of
   re\'89lection;    as,   re\'89ligible   to   the   same   office.   --
   Re*\'89l`i*gi*bil"i*ty (r, n.

                                     Reem

   Reem  (r?m),  n.  [Heb.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The Hebrew name of a horned wild
   animal, probably the Urus.

     NOTE: &hand; In  Ki ng James's Version it is called unicorn; in the
     Revised Version,wild ox. Job xxxix. 9.

                                     Reem

   Reem,  v.  t. [Cf. Ream to make a hole in.] (Naut.) To open (the seams
   of  a vessel's planking) for the purpose of calking them. Reeming iron
   (Naut.),  an  iron  chisel  for reeming the seams of planks in calking
   ships.

                                  Re\'89mbark

   Re`\'89m*bark"  (r?`?m*b?rk"),  v.  t.  & i. To put, or go, on board a
   vessel again; to embark again.

                               Re\'89mbarkation

   Re*\'89m`bar*ka"tion  (r?*?m`b?r*k?"sh?n),  n. A putting, or going, on
   board a vessel again.

                                  Re\'89mbody

   Re`\'89m*bod"y (r?`?m*b?d"?), v. t. To embody again.

                                 Re\'89mbrace

   Re`\'89m*brace" (-br?s"), v. i. To embrace again.

                                  Re\'89merge

   Re`\'89*merge" (r?`?*m?rj"), v. i. To emerge again.

                                Re\'89mergence

   Re`\'89*mer"gence (-m?r"jens), n. Act of re

                                  Re\'89nact

   Re`\'89n*act" (r?`?n*?kt") v. t. To enact again.

                                 Re\'89naction

   Re`\'89n*ac"tion (-?k"sh?n), n. The act of re

                                 Re\'89nacment

   Re`\'89n*ac"ment  (-?kt"ment),  n.  The enacting or passing of a law a
   second time; the renewal of a law.

                                Re\'89ncourage

   Re`\'89n*cour"age (-k?r"?j;), v. t. To encourage again.

                                  Re\'89ndow

   Re`\'89n*dow" (-dou"), v. t. To endow again.

                                 Re\'89nforce

   Re`\'89n*force"   (-f?rs")   v.  t.  [Pref.  re-  +  enforce:  cf.  F.
   renforcer.]  To  strengthen  with  new force, assistance, material, or
   support;  as,  to re\'89nforce an argument; to re\'89nforce a garment;
   especially,  to  strengthen  with  additional  troops, as an army or a
   fort, or with additional ships, as a fleet. [Written also reinforce.]

                                 Re\'89nforce

   Re`\'89n*force",   n.   [See   Re\'89nforce,  v.,  and  cf.  Ranforce,
   Reinforce.]    Something    which    re\'89nforces   or   strengthens.
   Specifically:  (a)  That  part  of  a  cannon near the breech which is
   thicker  than  the rest of the piece, so as better to resist the force
   of  the  exploding  powder.  See  Illust. of Cannon. (b) An additional
   thickness of canvas, cloth, or the like, around an eyelet, buttonhole,
   etc.

                               Re\'89nforcement

   Re`\'89n*force"ment (r?`?n*f?rs"ment), n.

   1. The act of re\'89nforcing, or the state of being re\'89nforced.

   2.  That which re\'89nforces; additional force; especially, additional
   troops  or  force  to  augment  the  strength of any army, or ships to
   strengthen a navy or fleet.

                                  Re\'89ngage

   Re`\'89n*gage" (-g?j), v. t. & i. To engage a second time or again.

                                Re\'89ngagement

   Re`\'89n*gage"ment (-ment), n. A renewed or repeated engagement.

                                 Re\'89ngrave

   Re`\'89n*grave" (-gr?v"), v. t. To engrave anew.

                                  Re\'89njoy

   Re`\'89n*joy" (-joi"), v. i. To enjoi anew. Pope.

                                Re\'89njoyment

   Re`\'89n*joy"ment (-ment), n. Renewed enjoiment.

                                 Re\'89nkindle

   Re`\'89n*kin"dle (-k?n"d'l), v. t. To enkindle again.

                                  Re\'89nlist

   Re`\'89n*list" (-l?st"), v. t. & i. To enlist again.

                                Re\'89nlistment

   Re`\'89n*list"ment (-ment), n. A renewed enlistment.

                                 Re\'89nslave

   Re`\'89n*slave" (-sl?v") v. t. To enslave again.

                                  Re\'89nter

   Re*\'89n"ter (r?*?n"t?r), v. t.

   1. To enter again.

   2.  (Engraving)  To cut deeper, as engraved lines on a plate of metal,
   when  the  engraving has not been deep enough, or the plate has become
   worn in printing.

                                  Re\'89nter

   Re*\'89n"ter,  v.  i.  To enter anew or again. Re\'89ntering angle, an
   angle of a polygon pointing inward, as a, in the cut. -- Re\'89ntering
   polygon, a polygon having one or more re\'89ntering angles.

                                 Re\'89ntering

   Re*\'89n"ter*ing,  n.  (Calico  Printing.)  The  process  of  applying
   additional  colors,  by  applications  of printing blocks, to patterns
   already partly colored.

                                 Re\'89nthrone

   Re`\'89n*throne"  (-thr?n"),  v. t. To enthrone again; to replace on a
   throne.

                               Re\'89nthronement

   Re`\'89n*throne"ment (-ment), n. A second enthroning.

                                 Re\'89ntrance

   Re*\'89n"trance (r?*?n"trans), n. The act entereing again; re Hooker.

                                 Re\'89ntrant

   Re*\'89n"trant   (-trant),  a.  Re\'89ntering;  pointing  or  directed
   inwardds; as, a re angle.

                                  Re\'89ntry

   Re*\'89n"try (-tr?), n.

   1. A second or new entry; as, a re\'89ntry into public life.

   2.  (Law)  A  resuming  or  retaking possession of what one has lately
   foregone;  --  applied  especially to land; the entry by a lessor upon
   the  premises  leased, on failure of the tenant to pay rent or perform
   the covenants in the lease. Burrill.
   Card  of re\'89try, (Whist), a card that by winning a trick will bring
   one the lead at an advanced period of the hand.

                                  Re\'89rect

   Re`\'89*rect" (r?`?*r?kt"), v. t. To erect again.

                                   Reermouse

   Reer"mouse` (r?r"mous`), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Rearmouse.

                                Re\'89stablish

   Re`\'89s*tab"lish (r?`?s*t?b"l?sh), v. t. To establish anew; to fix or
   confirm  again;  to  restore;  as,  to  re\'89stablish  a covenant; to
   re\'89stablish health.

                               Re\'89stablisher

   Re`\'89s*tab"lish*er (-?r), n. One who establishes again.

                              Re\'89stablishment

   Re`\'89s*tab"lish*ment (-mnt), n. The act re\'89stablishing; the state
   of being re\'89stablished. Addison.

                                  Re\'89state

   Re`\'89s*tate" (-t?t), v. t. To re\'89stablish. [Obs.] Walis.

                                     Reeve

   Reeve (r?v), n. (Zo\'94l.) The female of the ruff.

                                     Reeve

   Reeve,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Rove (r?v); p. pr. & vb. n. Reeving.] [Cf.
   D. reven. See Reef, n. & v. t.] (Naut.) To pass, as the end of a pope,
   through any hole in a block, thimble, cleat, ringbolt, cringle, or the
   like.

                                     Reeve

   Reeve,  n.  [OE.  reve,  AS.  ger.  Cf. Sheriff.] an officer, steward,
   bailiff,  or  governor;  -- used chiefly in compounds; as, shirereeve,
   now written sheriff; portreeve, etc. Chaucer. Piers Plowman.

                                Re\'89xaminable

   Re`\'89x*am"i*na*ble   (r?`?gz*?m"?*n?*b'l),  a.  Admitting  of  being
   re\'89xamined or reconsidered. Story.

                               Re\'89xamination

   Re`\'89x*am`i*na"tion  (-?*n?"sh?n),  n.  A  repeated examination. See
   under Examination.

                                 Re\'89xamine

   Re`\'89x*am"ine (--?n), v. t. To examine anew. Hooker.

                                 Re\'89xchange

   Re`\'89x*change" (r?`?ks*ch?nj"), v. t.To exchange anew; to reverse (a
   previous exchange).

                                 Re\'89xchange

   Re`\'89x*change" n.

   1. A renewed exchange; a reversal of an exchange.

   2.  (Com.) The expense chargeable on a bill of exchange or draft which
   has  been dishonored in a foreign country, and returned to the country
   in which it was made or indorsed, and then taken up. Bouvier.

     The  rate of re\'89xchange is regulated with respect to the drawer,
     at  the  course  of  exchange  between  the place where the bill of
     exchange   was   payable,   and  the  place  where  it  was  drawn.
     Re\'89xchange can not be cumulated. Walsh.

                                 Re\'89xhibit

   Re`\'89x*hib"it (r?`?gz*?b"?t OR -?ks*h?b"?t) v. t. To exhibit again.

                                  Re\'89xpel

   Re`\'89x*pel" (r?`?ks*p?l"), v. t. To expel again.

                                Re\'89xperience

   Re`\'89x*pe"ri*ence (-p?`r?-ens), n. A renewed or repeated experience.

                                  Re\'89xport

   Re`\'89x*port"  (-p?rt"),  v.  t.  To  export  again, as what has been
   imported.

                                  Re\'89xport

   Re*\'89x"port   (r?*?ks"p?rt),  n/  Any  commodity  re\'89xported;  --
   chiefly in the ptural.

                               Re\'89xportation

   Re*\'89x`por*ta"tion  (-p?r*t?"sh?n), n. The act of re\'89xporting, or
   of exporting an import. A. Smith.

                                 \'89xpulsion

   `\'89x*pul"sion  (r?`?ks*p?l"sh?n),  n. Renewed or repeated expulsion.
   Fuller.

                                    Reezed

   Reezed  (r?zd),  a.  Grown rank; rancid; rusty. [Obs.] "Reezed bacon."
   Marston.

                                   Refaction

   Re*fac"tion  (r?*f?k"sh?n),  n. [See Refection.] Recompense; atonemet;
   retribution. [Obs.] Howell.

                                     Refar

   Re*far" (r?*f?r"), v. t. [Cf. F. refaire to do over again.] To go over
   again; to repeat. [Obs.]

     To him therefore this wonder done refar. Fairfax.

                                   Refashion

   Re*fash"ion  (r?*f?sh"?n), v. t. To fashion anew; to form or mold into
   shape a second time. MacKnight.

                                 Refashionment

   Re*fash"ion*ment  (-ment), n. The act of refashioning, or the state of
   being refashioned. [R.] Leigh Hunt.

                                   Refasten

   Re*fas"ten (r?*f?s"'n), v. t. To fasten again.

                                    Refect

   Re*fect"  (r?*f?kt),  v. t. [L. refectus, p. p. of reficere; pref. re-
   re- + facere to make.] To restore after hunger or fatique; to refresh.
   [Archaic] Sir T. Browne.

                                   Refection

   Re*fec"tion  (r?*f?k"sh?n),  n. [L. refectio: cf. F. r\'82fection. See
   Refect, Fact.] Refreshment after hunger or fatique; a repast; a lunch.

     [His] feeble spirit inly felt refection. Spenser.

     Those Attic nights, and those refections of the gods. Curran.

                                   Refective

   Re*fec"tive (r?*f?k"t?v), a. Refreshing; restoring.

                                   Refective

   Re*fec"tive, n. That which refreshes.

                                   Refectory

   Re*fec"to*ry (-t?*r?), n.; pl.; Refectories (-r. [LL. refectorium: cf.
   F.  r\'82fectoire. See Refection.] A room for refreshment; originally,
   a dining hall in monasteries or convents.

     NOTE: &hand; Sometimes pronounced r, especially when signifying the
     eating room in monasteries.

                                     Refel

   Re*fel"  (r?*f?l"),  v.  t.  [L. refellere; pref. re- re- + fallere to
   deceive.]  To  refute;  to  disprove;  as,  to  refel  the tricks of a
   sophister. [Obs.]

     How he refelled me, and how I replied. Shak.

                                     Refer

   Re*fer"  (r?*f?r"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Referred (-f?rd); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Referring.] [F. r\'82f\'82rer, L. referre; pref. re- re- + ferre to
   bear. See Bear to carry.]

   1. To carry or send back. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2.  Hence: To send or direct away; to send or direct elsewhere, as for
   treatment,  aid,  infirmation,  decision,  etc.; to make over, or pass
   over,  to  another;  as,  to  refer a student to an author; to refer a
   beggar to an officer; to refer a bill to a committee; a court refers a
   matter  of  fact  to  a  commissioner  for  investigation, or refers a
   question of law to a superior tribunal.

   3. To place in or under by a mental or rational process; to assign to,
   as  a  class,  a  cause,  source,  a  motive,  reason,  or  ground  of
   explanation; as, he referred the phenomena to electrical disturbances.
   To  refer  one's self, to have recourse; to betake one's self; to make
   application; to appeal. [Obs.]

     I'll refer me to all things sense. Shak.

                                     Refer

   Re*fer", v. i.

   1. To have recourse; to apply; to appeal; to betake one's self; as, to
   refer to a dictionary.

     In suits . . . it is to refer to some friend of trust. Bacon.

   2.  To have relation or reference; to relate; to point; as, the figure
   refers to a footnote.

     Of those places that refer to the shutting and opening the abyss, I
     take notice of that in Job. Bp. Burnet.

   3.  To  carry  the  mind  or  throught;  to  direct attention; as, the
   preacher referrd to the late election.

   4. To direct inquiry for information or a quarantes of any kind, as in
   respect to one's integrity, capacity, pecuniary ability, and the like;
   as,  I referred to his employer for the truth of his story. Syn. -- To
   allude;  advert; suggest; appeal. Refer, Allude, Advert. We refer to a
   thing   by   specifically  and  distinctly  introducing  it  into  our
   discourse.   We   allude   to  it  by  introducing  it  indirectly  or
   indefinitely,  as by something collaterally allied to it. We advert to
   it  by  turning  off  somewhat  abruptly to consider it more at large.
   Thus, Macaulay refers to the early condition of England at the opening
   of  his history; he alludes to these statements from time to time; and
   adverts,  in  the  progress  of  his work, to various circumstances of
   pecullar interest, on which for a time he dwells. "But to do good is .
   .  . that that Solomon chiefly refers to in the text." Sharp. "This, I
   doubt not, was that artificial structure here alluded to." T. Burnet.

     Now  to  the  universal  whole  advert: The earth regard as of that
     whole a part. Blackmore.

                                   Referable

   Ref"er*a*ble   (r?f"?r*?*b'l),   a.  Capable  of  being  referred,  or
   considered  in  relation  to  something  else; assignable; ascribable.
   [Written also referrible.]

     It  is  a  question among philosophers, whether all the attractions
     which  obtain between bodies are referable to one general cause. W.
     Nicholson.

                                    Referee

   Ref`er*ee"  (-, n. One to whom a thing is referred; a person to whom a
   matter  in  dispute has been referred, in order that he may settle it.
   Syn. -- Judge; arbitrator; umpire. See Judge.

                                   Reference

   Ref"er*ence (r?f"?r-ens), n. [See Refer.]

   1. The act of referring, or the state of being referred; as, reference
   to a chart for quidance.

   2.  That  which  refers  to  something;  a  specific  direction of the
   attention; as, a reference in a text-book.

   3. Relation; regard; respect.

     Something that hath a reference to my state. Shak.

   4.  One  who,  or that which, is referred to. Specifically; (a) One of
   whom inquires can be made as to the integrity, capacity, and the like,
   of  another.  (b)  A  work,  or  a  passage in a work, to which one is
   referred.

   5. (Law) (a) The act of submitting a matter in dispute to the judgment
   of  one  or  more  persons  for  decision. (b) (Equity) The process of
   sending  any  matter,  for  inquiry  in  a cause, to a master or other
   officer, in order that he may ascertain facts and report to the court.

   6. Appeal. [R.] "Make your full reference." Shak.
   Reference  Bible,  a Bible in which brief explanations, and references
   to parallel passages, are printed in the margin of the text.

                                  Referendary

   Ref`er*en"da*ry  (r?f`?r*?n"d?*r?),  n.  [LL.  referendarius,  fr.  L.
   referendus   to   be   referred,   gerundive   of   referre:   cf.  F.
   r\'82f\'82rendaire. See Refer.]

   1. One to whose decision a cause is referred; a referee. [Obs.] Bacon.

   2.   An   officer   who  delivered  the  royal  answer  to  petitions.
   "Referendaries, or masters of request." Harmar.

   3.  Formerly,  an  officer of state charged with the duty of procuring
   and dispatching diplomas and decrees.

                                  Referendum

   Ref`er*en"dum  (r?f`?r*?n"d?m),  n.  [Gerundive  fr.  L.  referre. See
   Refer.]

   1.  A  diplomatic  agent's  note  asking  for  instructions  from  his
   government concerning a particular matter or point.

   2.  The  right  to approve or reject by popular vote a meassure passed
   upon by a legislature.

                                  Referential

   Ref`er*en"tial   (-shal),  a.  Containing  a  reference;  pointing  to
   something   out   of   itself;  as,  notes  for  referential  use.  --
   Ref`er*en"tial*ly, adv.

                                   Referment

   Re*fer"ment (r?*f?r"ment), n. The act of referring; reference. Laud.
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                                   Referment

   Re`*fer*ment"  (r,  v. t. & i. To ferment, or cause to ferment, again.
   Blackmore.

                                   Referrer

   Re*fer"rer (r?*f?r"r?r), n. One who refers.

                                  Referrible

   Re*fer"ri*ble (-r?*b'l), a. Referable. Hallam.

                                   Refigure

   Re*fig"ure (r?*f?g"?r), v. t. To figure again. Shak.

                                    Refill

   Re*fill" (r?*f?l"), v. t. & i. To fill, or become full, again.

                                    Refind

   Re*find"  (r?*f?nd),  v. t. To find again; to get or experience again.
   Sandys.

                                    Refine

   Re*fine" (r?*f?n"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Refined (-find"); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Refining.] [Pref. re- + fine to make fine: cf. F. raffiner.]

   1.  To  reduce  to  a  fine,  unmixed,  or  pure  state;  to free from
   impurities;  to  free from dross or alloy; to separate from extraneous
   matter;  to  purify;  to  defecate;  as,  to refine gold or silver; to
   refine iron; to refine wine or sugar.

     I  will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them
     as silver is refined. Zech. xiii. 9.

   2.  To  purify from what is gross, coarse, vulgar, inelegant, low, and
   the  like;  to  make elegant or exellent; to polish; as, to refine the
   manners,  the  language,  the  style, the taste, the intellect, or the
   moral feelings.

     Love refines The thoughts, and heart enlarges. Milton.

   Syn. -- To purify; clarify; polish; ennoble.

                                    Refine

   Re*fine", v. i.

   1. To become pure; to be cleared of feculent matter.

     So  the  pure,  limpid  stream, when foul with stains, Works itself
     clear, and, as it runs, refines. Addison.

   2. To improve in accuracy, delicacy, or excellence.

     Chaucer refined on Boccace, and mended his stories. Dryden.

     But let a lord once own the happy lines, How the wit brightens! How
     the style refines! Pope.

   3.  To  affect  nicety  or  subtilty in thought or language. "He makes
   another paragraph about our refining in controversy." Atterbury.

                                    Refined

   Re*fined"  (-f?nd"),  a.  Freed  from  impurities  or  alloy; purifed;
   polished;  cultured;  delicate;  as;  refined  gold; refined language;
   refined sentiments.

     Refined wits who honored poesy with their pens. Peacham.

   -- Re*fin"ed*ly (r, adv. -- Re*fin"ed*ness, n.

                                  Refinement

   Re*fine"ment (r?*f?n"ment), n. [Cf. F. raffinement.]

   1.  The  act  of  refining,  or  the  state  of being refined; as, the
   refinement or metals; refinement of ideas.

     The  more  bodies  are of kin to spirit in subtilty and refinement,
     the more diffusive are they. Norris.

     From the civil war to this time, I doubt whether the corruptions in
     our language have not equaled its refinements. Swift.

   2.  That  which  is  refined,  elaborated,  or  polished to excess; an
   affected  subtilty;  as,  refinements  of  logic.  "The refinements of
   irregular  cunning." Rogers. Syn. -- Purification; polish; politeness;
   gentility; elegance; cultivation; civilization.

                                    Refiner

   Re*fin"er (-f?n"?r), n. One who, or that which, refines.

                                   Refinery

   Re*fin"er*y (-?), n.; pl. Refineries (-. [Cf. F. raffinerie.]

   1.  The  building and apparatus for refining or purifying, esp. metals
   and sugar.

   2. A furnace in which cast iron is refined by the action of a blast on
   the molten metal.

                                     Refit

   Re*fit" (r?*f?t"), v. t.

   1. To fit or prepare for use again; to repair; to restore after damage
   or decay; as, to refit a garment; to refit ships of war. Macaulay.

   2. To fit out or supply a second time.

                                     Refit

   Re*fit",  v.  i. To obtain repairs or supplies; as, the fleet returned
   to refit.

                                   Refitment

   Re*fit"ment  (-ment),  n.  The act of refitting, or the state of being
   refitted.

                                     Refix

   Re*fix"  (r?*f?ks"),  v.  t.  To fix again or anew; to establish anew.
   Fuller.

                                    Reflame

   Re*flame" (r?*fl?m"), v. i. To kindle again into flame.

                                    Reflect

   Re*flect"  (r?*fl?kt"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Reflected; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Reflecting.]  [L.  reflectere,  reflexum;  pref. re- re- + flectere to
   bend or turn. See Flexible, and cf. Reflex, v.]

   1.  To bend back; to give a backwaas, a mirror reflects rays of light;
   polished metals reflect heat.

     Let  me  mind  the  reader  to  reflect  his eye on our quotations.
     Fuller.

     Bodies close together reflect their own color. Dryden.

   2. To give back an image or likeness of; to mirror.

     Nature  is the glass reflecting God, As by the sea reflected is the
     sun. Young.

                                    Reflect

   Re*flect" v. i.

   1. To throw back light, heat, or the like; to return rays or beams.

   2.  To  be  sent  back;  to  rebound  as from a surface; to revert; to
   return.

     Whose  virtues  will,  I  hope, Reflect on Rome, as Titan's rays on
     earth. Shak.

   3.  To  throw or turn back the thoughts upon anything; to contemplate.
   Specifically:  To  attend earnestly to what passes within the mind; to
   attend to the facts or phenomena of consciousness; to use attention or
   earnest  thought;  to  meditate;  especially,  to think in relation to
   moral truth or rules.

     We  can  not be said to reflect upon any external object, except so
     far  as  that  object  has been previously perceived, and its image
     become  part  and  parcel  of  our  intellectual  furniture. Sir W.
     Hamilton.

     All  men  are concious of the operations of their own minds, at all
     times,  while  they are awake, but there few who reflect upon them,
     or make them objects of thought. Reid.

     As I much reflected, much I mourned. Prior.

   4. To cast reproach; to cause censure or dishonor.

     Errors of wives reflect on husbands still. Dryden.

     Neither  do  I  reflect  in  the  least upon the memory of his late
     majesty. Swift.

   Syn.  --  To  consider; think; cogitate; mediate; contemplate; ponder;
   muse; ruminate.

                                   Reflected

   Re*flect"ed, a.

   1.  Thrown  back  after striking a surface; as, reflected light, heat,
   sound, etc.

   2.  Hence:  Not  one's  own;  received from another; as, his glory was
   reflected glory.

   3. Bent backward or outward; reflexed.

                                  Reflectent

   Re*flect"ent  (r?*fl?kt"ent), a. [L. reflectens, p. pr. of reflectere.
   See Reflect.]

   1. Bending or flying back; reflected. "The ray descendent, and the ray
   reflectent flying with so great a speed." Sir K. Digby.

   2. Reflecting; as, a reflectent body. Sir K. Digby.

                                  Reflectible

   Re*flect"i*ble  (-?*b'l),  a.  Capable  of  being reflected, or thrown
   back; reflexible.

                                  Reflecting

   Re*flect"ing, a.

   1. Throwing back light, heat, etc., as a mirror or other surface.

   2.   Given   to   reflection  or  serious  consideration;  reflective;
   contemplative; as, a reflecting mind.
   Reflecting  circle,  an astronomical instrument for measuring angless,
   like the sextant or Hadley's quadrant, by the reflection of light from
   two  plane  mirrors  which  it carries, and differing from the sextant
   chiefly  in  having  an  entire  circle. -- Reflecting galvanometer, a
   galvanometer  in which the deflections of the needle are read by means
   of a mirror attached to it, which reflects a ray of light or the image
   of  a  scale;  --  called  also  mirror  galvanometer.  --  Reflecting
   goniometer.  See  under Goniometer. -- Reflecting telescope. See under
   Telescope.

                                 Reflectingly

   Re*flect"ing*ly,   adv.   With   reflection;   also,   with   censure;
   reproachfully. Swift.

                                  Reflection

   Re*flec"tion (r?*fl?k"sh?n), n. [L. reflexio: cf. F. r\'82flexion. See
   Riflect.] >[Written also reflexion.]

   1.  The act of reflecting, or turning or sending back, or the state of
   being  reflected.  Specifically: (a) The return of rays, beams, sound,
   or the like, from a surface. See Angle of reflection, below.

     The  eye  sees not itself, But by reflection, by some other things.
     Shak.

   (b)  The  reverting of the mind to that which has already occupied it;
   continued  consideration; meditation; contemplation; hence, also, that
   operation  or  power  of  the mind by which it is conscious of its own
   acts  or  states;  the  capacity for judging rationally, especially in
   view of a moral rule or standard.

     By  reflection,  .  .  . I would be understood to mean, that notice
     which the mind takes of its own operations, and the manner of them,
     by reason whereof there come to be ideas of these operations in the
     understanding. Locke.

     This  delight  grows  and  improves  under  thought and reflection.
     South.

   2. Shining; brightness, as of the sun. [Obs.] Shak.

   3.  That  which  is produced by reflection. Specifically: (a) An image
   given back from a reflecting surface; a reflected counterpart.

     As  the sun water we can bear, Yet not the sun, but his reflection,
     there. Dryden.

   (b)  A part reflected, or turned back, at an angle; as, the reflection
   of  a  membrane.  (c)  Result  of meditation; thought or opinion after
   attentive   consideration   or   contemplation;  especially,  thoughts
   suggested by truth.

     Job's  reflections  on  his once flourishing estate did at the same
     time afflict and encourage him. Atterbury.

   4. Censure; reproach cast.

     He  died; and oh! may no reflection shed Its poisonous venom on the
     royal dead. Prior.

   5.  (Physiol.)  The transference of an excitement from one nerve fiber
   to  another  by  means  of  the  nerve cells, as in reflex action. See
   Reflex action, under Reflex.
   Angle  of  reflection, the angle which anything, as a ray of light, on
   leaving  a  reflecting  surface,  makes  with the perpendicular to the
   surface.  -- Angle of total reflection. (Opt.) Same as Critical angle,
   under   Critical.   Syn.  --  Meditation;  contemplation;  rumination;
   cogitation; consideration; musing; thinking.

                                  Reflective

   Re*flect"ive (r?*fl?kt"?v), a. [Cf. F. r\'82flectif. Cf. Reflexive.]

   1. Throwing back images; as, a reflective mirror.

     In  the  reflective  stream  the sighing bride, viewing her charms.
     Prior.

   2.  Capable  of exercising thought or judgment; as, reflective reason.
   Prior.

     His  perceptive  and  reflective  faculties  .  . . thus acquired a
     precocious and extraordinary development. Motley.

   3.  Addicted  to  introspective or meditative habits; as, a reflective
   person.

   4.   (Gram.)   Reflexive;  reciprocal.  --  Re*flect"ive*ly,  adv.  --
   Re*flect"ive*ness, n. "Reflectiveness of manner." J. C. Shairp.

                                   Reflector

   Re*flect"or (-&etil;r), n. [Cf. F. r\'82flecteur.]

   1. One who, or that which, reflects. Boyle.

   2.  (Physics)  (a)  Something having a polished surface for reflecting
   light  or  heat,  as  a  mirror,  a  speculum,  etc.  (b) A reflecting
   telescope. (c) A device for reflecting sound.

                                    Reflex

   Re"flex  (r?"fl?ks),  a.  [L.  reflexus,  p.  p. of reflectere: cf. F.
   r\'82flexe. See Reflect.]

   1. Directed back; attended by reflection; retroactive; introspective.

     The  reflex act of the soul, or the turning of the intellectual eye
     inward upon its own actions. Sir M. Hale.

   2. Produced in reaction, in resistance, or in return.

   3.   (Physiol.)  Of,  pertaining  to,  or  produced  by,  stimulus  or
   excitation without the necessary intervention of consciousness.
   Reflex  action  (Physiol.),  any  action  performed  involuntarily  in
   consequence  of  an  impulse  or impression transmitted along afferent
   nerves  to  a  nerve center, from which it is reflected to an efferent
   nerve,  and so calls into action certain muscles, organs, or cells. --
   Reflex nerve (Physiol.), an excito-motory nerve. See Exito-motory.

                                    Reflex

   Re"flex  (r?"fl?ks;  formerly  r?*fl?ks"),  n.  [L. reflexus a bending
   back. See Reflect.]

   1.  Reflection; the light reflected from an illuminated surface to one
   in shade.

     Yon  gray  is  not  the  morning's eye, 'Tis but the pale reflex of
     Cynthia's brow. Shak.

     On  the  depths  of  death  there swims The reflex of a human face.
     Tennyson.

   2. (Physiol.) An involuntary movement produced by reflex action.
   Patellar reflex. See Knee jerk, under Knee.

                                    Reflex

   Re*flex"  (r?*fl?ks"),  v.  t.  [L. reflexus, p. p. of reflectere. See
   Reflect.]

   1. To reflect. [Obs.] Shak.

   2. To bend back; to turn back. J. Gregory.

                                   Reflexed

   Re*flexed" (r?*fl?kst"), a. Bent backward or outward.

                                 Reflexibility

   Re*flex`i*bil"i*ty      (r?*fl?ks`?*b?l"?*t?),      n.     [Cf.     F.
   r\'82flexibilit\'82.]  The  quality or capability of being reflexible;
   as, the reflexibility of the rays of light. Sir I. Newton.

                                  Reflexible

   Re*flex"i*ble  (r?*fl?ks"?*b'l), a. [CF. F. r\'82flexible.] Capable of
   being reflected, or thrown back.

     The  light  of the sun consists of rays differently refrangible and
     reflexible. Cheyne.

                                   Reflexion

   Re*flex"ion (-fl?k"sh?n), n. See Reflection. Chaucer.

                                   Reflexity

   Re*flex"i*ty  (r?*fl?ks"?*t?),  n.  The  state  or  condition of being
   reflected. [R.]

                                   Reflexive

   Re*flex"ive (-?v), a.

   1.  [Cf.  F.  r\'82flexif.]  Bending  or  turned backward; reflective;
   having respect to something past.

     Assurance reflexive can not be a divine faith. Hammond.

   2.  Implying  censure.  [Obs.]  "What  man  does  not  resent  an ugly
   reflexive word?" South.

   3.  (Gram.) Having for its direct object a pronoun which refers to the
   agent  or subject as its antecedent; -- said of certain verbs; as, the
   witness perjured himself; I bethought myself. Applied also to pronouns
   of  this  class;  reciprocal;  reflective.  -- Re*flex"ive*ly, adv. --
   Re*flex"ive*ness, n.

                                   Reflexiv

   Re*flex"iv, adv. In a reflex manner; reflectively.

                                    Refloat

   Re"float (r?"fl?t), n. Reflux; ebb. [Obs.] Bacon.

                                 Reflorescence

   Re`flo*res"cence  (r?`fl?*r?s"sens),  n. (Bot.) A blossoming anew of a
   plant after it has apparently ceased blossoming for the season.

                                  Reflourish

   Re*flour"ish (r?*fl?r"?sh), v. t. & i. To flourish again.

                                    Reflew

   Re*flew" (r?*fl?"), v. i. To flow back; to ebb.

                                   Reflower

   Re*flow"er  (r&emac;*flou"&etil;r),  v. i. & t. To flower, or cause to
   flower, again. Sylvester.

                                 Refluctuation

   Re*fluc`tu*a"tion   (r?*fl?k`t?*?"sh?n;   135),  n.  A  flowing  back;
   refluence.

                         Refluence rfl-ens, Refluency

   Ref"lu*ence  (r?f"l?-ens),  Ref"lu*en*cy  (-en*s?),  n. The quality of
   being refluent; a flowing back.

                                   Refluent

   Ref"lu*ent  (-ent),  a. [L. refluens, p. pr. of refluere to flow back;
   pref. re- re- + fluere to flow. See Flurent.] Flowing back; returning;
   ebbing. Cowper.

     And refluent through the pass of fear The battle's tide was poured.
     Sir W. Scott.

                                   Reflueus

   Ref"lu*eus (-?s), a. [L. refluus.] Refluent. [Obs.]

                                    Reflux

   Re"flux`  (r?"fl?ks`),  a.  Returning,  or  flowing  back; reflex; as,
   reflux action.

                                    Reflux

   Re"flux`,  n.  [F. reflux. See Refluent, Flux.] A flowing back, as the
   return  of  a  fluid;  ebb;  reaction;  as, the flux and reflux of the
   tides.

     All from me Shall with a fierce reflux on me redound. Milton.

                                  Refocillate

   Re*foc"il*late  (r?*f?s"?l*l?t),  v.  t.  [L.  refocillatus,  p. p. of
   refocillare;  pref.  re-  re-  +  focillare  to  revive by warmth.] To
   refresh; to revive. [Obs.] Aubrey.

                                 Refocillation

   Re*foc`il*la"tion   (-l?"sh?n),   n.   Restoration   of   strength  by
   refreshment. [Obs.] Middleton.

                                    Refold

   Re*fold" (r?*f?ld"), v. t. To fold again.

                                   Refoment

   Re`fo*ment" (r?`f?*m?nt"), v. t. To foment anew.

                                Reforestization

   Re*for`est*i*za`tion  (r?*f?r`?st*?*z?"sh?n), n. The act or process of
   reforestizing.

                                  Reforestize

   Re*for"est*ize  (r?*f?r"?st*?z), v. t. To convert again into a forest;
   to plant again with trees.

                                    Reforge

   Re*forge"  (r?*f?rj"),  v. t. [Pref. re- + forge: cf. F. reforger.] To
   forge  again  or  anew;  hence,  to fashion or fabricate anew; to make
   over. Udall.

                                   Reforger

   Re*for"ger (r?*f?r"j?r), n. One who reforges.

                                    Reform

   Re*form"  (r?*f?rm"),  v.  t. [F. r\'82former, L. reformare; pref. re-
   re-  +  formare to form, from forma form. See Form.] To put into a new
   and  improved form or condition; to restore to a former good state, or
   bring  from  bad to good; to change from worse to better; to amend; to
   correct;  as, to reform a profligate man; to reform corrupt manners or
   morals.

     The example alone of a vicious prince will corrupt an age; but that
     of a good one will not reform it. Swift.

   Syn.  --  To  amend;  correct;  emend;  rectify; mend; repair; better;
   improve; restore; reclaim.

                                    Reform

   Re*form",  v.  i. To return to a good state; to amend or correct one's
   own  character  or  habits;  as,  a man of settled habits of vice will
   seldom reform.

                                    Reform

   Re*form", n. [F. r\'82forme.] Amendment of what is defective, vicious,
   corrupt,  or depraved; reformation; as, reform of elections; reform of
   government.  Civil  service  reform.  See  under Civil. -- Reform acts
   (Eng.  Politics), acts of Parliament passed in 1832, 1867, 1884, 1885,
   extending  and  equalizing  popular  representation  in Parliament. --
   Reform school, a school established by a state or city government, for
   the  confinement,  instruction, and reformation of juvenile offenders,
   and  of  young  persons  of idle, vicious, and vagrant habits. [U. S.]
   Syn.   --   Reformation;  amendment;  rectification;  correction.  See
   Reformation.

                                    Re-form

   Re-form"  (r?*f?rm"), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Re-formed (-f?rmd"); p.
   pr. & vb. n. Re-forming.] To give a new form to; to form anew; to take
   form  again,  or  to  take a new form; as, to re-form the line after a
   charge.

                                  Reformable

   Re*form"a*ble (r?*f?rm"?*b'l), a. Capable of being reformed. Foxe.

                                   Reformade

   Ref`or*made" (r?f`?r*m?d"), n. A reformado. [Obs.]

                                   Reformado

   Ref`or*ma"do  (-m?"d?),  n.  [Sp.,  fr.  reformar,  L.  reformare. SEe
   Reform, v. t.]

   1. A monk of a reformed order. [Obs.] Weever.

   2.  An  officer  who,  in  disgrace,  is  deprived of his command, but
   retains his rank, and sometimes his pay. [Obs.]

                                  Reformalize

   Re*form"al*ize  (r?*f?rm"al*?z),  v.  i.  To  affect  reformation;  to
   pretend to correctness. [R.]

                                  Reformation

   Ref`or*ma"tion    (r?f`?r*m?"sh?n),    n.   [F.   r\'82formation,   L.
   reformatio.]

   1.  The  act of reforming, or the state of being reformed; change from
   worse  to  better;  correction  or  amendment  of life, manners, or of
   anything   vicious   or  corrupt;  as,  the  reformation  of  manners;
   reformation of the age; reformation of abuses.

     Satire lashes vice into reformation. Dryden.
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   Page 1208

   2.  Specifically  (Eccl.  Hist.),  the  important  religious  movement
   commenced  by Luther early in the sixteenth century, which resulted in
   the  formation  of  the  various  Protestant churches. Syn. -- Reform;
   amendment;   correction;   rectification.   --   Reformation,  Reform.
   Reformation  is  a more thorough and comprehensive change than reform.
   It  is  applied  to  subjects  that are more important, and results in
   changes  which  are  more  lasting.  A  reformation  involves,  and is
   followed by, many particular reforms. "The pagan converts mention this
   great  reformation  of  those  who had been the greatest sinners, with
   that sudden and surprising change which the Christian religion made in
   the  lives  of  the  most profligate." Addison. "A variety of schemes,
   founded  in visionary and impracticable ideas of reform, were suddenly
   produced." Pitt.

                                 Re-formation

   Re`-for*ma"tion (r?`f?r*m?"sh?n), n. The act of forming anew; a second
   forming  in  order;  as,  the reformation of a column of troops into a
   hollow square.

                                  Reformative

   Re*form"a*tive  (r?*f?rm"?*t?v),  a. Forming again; having the quality
   of renewing form; reformatory. Good.

                                  Reformatory

   Re*form"a*to*ry   (-t?*r?),   a.   Tending   to  produce  reformation;
   reformative.

                                  Reformatory

   Re*form"a*to*ry,  n.;  pl. -ries (-r. An institution for promoting the
   reformation of offenders.

     Magistrates may send juvenile offenders to reformatories instead of
     to prisons. Eng. Cyc.

                                   Reformed

   Re*formed" (r?*f?rmd"), a.

   1.  Corrected;  amended;  restored  to  purity  or  excellence;  said,
   specifically,  of the whole body of Protestant churches originating in
   the  Reformation.  Also,  in  a  more  restricted  sense, of those who
   separated  from Luther on the doctrine of consubstantiation, etc., and
   carried  the  Reformation,  as  they  claimed,  to a higher point. The
   Protestant  churches  founded by them in Switzerland, France, Holland,
   and part of Germany, were called the Reformed churches.

     The  town  was  one  of  the  strongholds  of  the  Reformed faith.
     Macaulay.

   2. Amended in character and life; as, a reformed gambler or drunkard.

   3.  (Mil.)  Retained  in  service  on  half  or  full  pay  after  the
   disbandment of the company or troop; -- said of an officer. [Eng.]

                                   Reformer

   Re*form"er (r?*f?rm"?r), n.

   1.  One who effects a reformation or amendment; one who labors for, or
   urges, reform; as, a reformer of manners, or of abuses.

   2. (Eccl.Hist.) One of those who commenced the reformation of religion
   in the sixteenth century, as Luther, Melanchthon, Zwingli, and Calvin.

                                   Reformist

   Re*form"ist, n. [Cf. F. r\'82formiste.] A reformer.

                                   Reformly

   Re*form"ly, adv. In the manner of a reform; for the purpose of reform.
   [Obs.] Milton.

                                Refortification

   Re*for`ti*fi*ca"tion  (r?*f?r`t?*f?*k?"sh?n), n. A fortifying anew, or
   a second time. Mitford.

                                   Refortify

   Re*for"ti*fy (r?*f?r"t?*f?), v. t. To fortify anew.

                                   Refossion

   Re*fos"sion  (r?*f?sh"?n), n. [L. refodere, refossum, to dig up again.
   See Fosse.] The act of digging up again. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

                                    Refound

   Re*found"  (r?*found"),  v.  t.  [Pref.  re-  +  found to cast; cf. F.
   refondare. Cf. Refund.]

   1. To found or cast anew. "Ancient bells refounded." T. Warton.

   2. To found or establish again; to re

                                    Refound

   Re*found", imp. & p. p. of Refind, v. t.

                                   Refounder

   Re*found"er (-?r), n. One who refounds.

                                    Refract

   Re*fract"  (r?*fr$kt"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Refracted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Refracting.]  [L.  refractus,  p.  p.  of  refringere; pref. re- re- +
   frangere to break: cf. F. r\'82fracter. SEe FRacture, and cf. Refrain,
   n.]

   1. To bend sharply and abruptly back; to break off.

   2.  To  break  the  natural course of, as rays of light orr heat, when
   passing  from  one transparent medium to another of different density;
   to  cause  to  deviate from a direct course by an action distinct from
   reflection;  as, a dense medium refrcts the rays of light as they pass
   into it from a rare medium.

                                  Refractable

   Re*fract"a*ble (-?*b'l), a. Capable of being refracted.

                                   Refracted

   Re*fract"ed, a.

   1. (Bot. & Zo\'94l.) Bent backward angularly, as if half-broken; as, a
   refracted stem or leaf.

   2.  Turned  from  a direct course by refraction; as, refracted rays of
   light.

                                  Refracting

   Re*fract"ing,  a.  Serving  or  tending  to  refract; as, a refracting
   medium.  Refracting angle of a prism (Opt.), the angle of a triangular
   prism  included between the two sides through which the refracted beam
   passes  in the decomposition of light. -- Refracting telescope. (Opt.)
   See under Telescope.

                                  Refraction

   Re*frac"tion (r?*fr?k"sh?n), n. [F. r\'82fraction.]

   1. The act of refracting, or the state of being refracted.

   2.  The  change  in  the direction of ray of light, heat, or the like,
   when  it  enters  obliquely  a medium of a different density from that
   through which it has previously moved.

     Refraction out of the rarer medium into the denser, is made towards
     the perpendicular. Sir I. Newton.

   3.  (Astron.)  (a) The change in the direction of a ray of light, and,
   consequently,  in  the apparent position of a heavenly body from which
   it  emanates, arising from its passage through the earth's atmosphere;
   --  hence  distinguished  as  atmospheric  refraction, or astronomical
   refraction.  (b)  The  correction  which  is  to  be deducted from the
   apparent  altitude  of  a  heavenly  body  on  account  of atmospheric
   refraction, in order to obtain the true altitude.
   Angle of refraction (Opt.), the angle which a refracted ray makes with
   the perpendicular to the surface separating the two media traversed by
   the  ray.  --  Conical  refraction  (Opt.), the refraction of a ray of
   light  into  an  infinite  number of rays, forming a hollow cone. This
   occurs  when  a  ray  of  light  is  passed  through  crystals of some
   substances,  under certain circumstances. Conical refraction is of two
   kinds;  external  conical refraction, in which the ray issues from the
   crystal  in the form of a cone, the vertex of which is at the point of
   emergence;  and  internal  conical  refraction,  in  which  the ray is
   changed into the form of a cone on entering the crystal, from which it
   issues  in the form of a hollow cylinder. This singular phenomenon was
   first  discovered  by  Sir  W.  R.  Hamilton by mathematical reasoning
   alone,  unaided  by  experiment. -- Differential refraction (Astron.),
   the  change  of  the apparent place of one object relative to a second
   object near it, due to refraction; also, the correction required to be
   made  to  the  observed  relative  places of the two bodies. -- Double
   refraction  (Opt.),  the  refraction of light in two directions, which
   produces  two  distinct  images.  The  power  of  double refraction is
   possessed  by  all  crystals  except  those of the isometric system. A
   uniaxial  crystal  is  said to be optically positive (like quartz), or
   optically  negative  (like calcite), or to have positive, or negative,
   double refraction, according as the optic axis is the axis of least or
   greatest   elasticity  for  light;  a  biaxial  crystal  is  similarly
   designated  when  the  same relation holds for the acute bisectrix. --
   Index  of refraction. See under Index. -- Refraction circle (Opt.), an
   instrument  provided  with  a  graduated circle for the measurement of
   refraction.  --  Refraction of latitude, longitude, declination, right
   ascension, etc., the change in the apparent latitude, longitude, etc.,
   of  a  heavenly  body, due to the effect of atmospheric refraction. --
   Terrestrial  refraction,  the  change  in  the  apparent altitude of a
   distant  point  on  or  near  the  earth's  surface,  as  the top of a
   mountain, arising from the passage of light from it to the eye through
   atmospheric strata of varying density.

                                  Refractive

   Re*fract"ive  (r?*fr?kt"?v),  a.  [Cf.  F. r\'82fractif. See Refract.]
   Serving  or  having  power  to  refract, or turn from a direct course;
   pertaining  to refraction; as, refractive surfaces; refractive powers.
   Refractive  index.  (Opt.)  See  Index  of refraction, under Index. --
   Absolute  refractive  index  (Opt.),  the  index  of  refraction  of a
   substances  when  the  ray  passes  into it from a vacuum. -- Relative
   refractive  index  (of two media) (Opt.), the ratio of the sine of the
   angle  of  incidence  to the sine of the angle of refraction for a ray
   passing out of one of the media into the other.

                                Refractiveness

   Re*fract"ive*ness, n. The quality or condition of being refractive.

                                 Refractometer

   Re`frac*tom"e*ter   (r?`fr?k*t?m"?*t?r),  n.  [Refraction  +  -meter.]
   (Opt.)  A  contrivance  for exhibiting and measuring the refraction of
   light.

                                   Refractor

   Re*fract"or  (r,  n.  Anything  that  refracts; specifically: (Opt.) A
   refracting telescope, in which the image to be viewed is formed by the
   refraction of light in passing through a convex lens.

                                 Refractorily

   Re*frac"to*ri*ly  (r?*fr?k"t?*r?*l?),  adv.  In  a  refractory manner;
   perversely; obstinately.

                                Refractoriness

   Re*frac"to*ri*ness, n. The quality or condition of being refractory.

                                  Refractory

   Re*frac"to*ry  (-r?),  a.  [L.  refractorius,  fr.  refringere: cf. F.
   refractaire. See Refract.]

   1.  Obstinate  in  disobedience; contumacious; stubborn; unmanageable;
   as, a refractory child; a refractory beast.

     Raging appetites that are Most disobedient and refractory. Shak.

   2.  Resisting  ordinary  treatment; difficult of fusion, reduction, or
   the  like;  --  said  especially  of metals and the like, which do not
   readily yield to heat, or to the hammer; as, a refractory ore. Syn. --
   Perverse;   contumacious;  unruly;  stubborn;  obstinate;  unyielding;
   ungovernable; unmanageable.

                                  Refractory

   Re*frac"to*ry, n.

   1. A refractory person. Bp. Hall.

   2. Refractoriness. [Obs.] Jer. TAylor.

   3.  OPottery) A piece of ware covered with a vaporable flux and placed
   in a kiln, to communicate a glaze to the other articles. Knight.

                                  Refracture

   Re*frac"ture  (r?*fr?k"t?r;135), n. (Surg.) A second breaking (as of a
   badly set bone) by the surgeon.

                                  Refracture

   Re*frac"ture, v. t. (Surg.) To break again, as a bone.

                                  Refragable

   Ref"ra*ga*ble  (r?f"r?*g?*b'l), a. [LL. refragabilis, fr. L. refragari
   to   oppose.]   Capable   of   being   refuted;   refutable.  [R.]  --
   Ref"ra*ga*ble*ness, n. [R.] -- Ref`*ra*ga*bil"i*ty (-b, n. [R.]

                                   Refragate

   Ref"ra*gate  (-g?t),  v.  i.  [L.  refragatus,  p. p. of refragor.] To
   oppose. [R.] Glanvill.

                                    Refrain

   Re*frain"  (r?*fr?n"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Refrained (-fr?nd"); p. pr.
   &  vb/  n.  Refraining.] [OE. refreinen, OF. refrener, F. refr, fr. L.
   refrenare; influenced by OF. refraindre to restrain, moderate, fr. LL.
   refrangere,  for  L.  refringere  to break up, break (see Refract). L.
   refrenare is fr. pref. re- back + frenum bridle; cf. Skr. dh to hold.]

   1.  To  hold  back;  to restrain; to keep within prescribed bounds; to
   curb; to govern.

     His reson refraineth not his foul delight or talent. Chaucer.

     Refrain thy foot from their path. Prov. i. 15.

   2. To abstain from [Obs.]

     Who,  requiring  a  remedy  for his gout, received no other counsel
     than to refrain cold drink. Sir T. Browne.

                                    Refrain

   Re*frain",  v.  i.  To keep one's self from action or interference; to
   hold aloof; to forbear; to abstain.

     Refrain from these men, and let them alone. Acts v. 38.

     They  refrained  therefrom  [eating  flesh] some time after. Sir T.
     Browne.

   Syn. -- To hold back; forbear; abstain; withhold.

                                    Refrain

   Re*frain",  n.  [F.  refrain,  fr.  OF. refraindre; cf. Pr. refranhs a
   refrain, refranher to repeat. See Refract,Refrain, v.] The burden of a
   song;  a  phrase  or  verse  which  recurs  at  the end of each of the
   separate stanzas or divisions of a poetic composition.

     We hear the wild refrain. Whittier.

                                   Refrainer

   Re*frain"er (r?*fr?n"?r), n. One who refrains.

                                  Refrainment

   Re*frain"ment (-ment), n. Act of refraining. [R.]

                                    Reframe

   Re*frame" (r?*fr?m), v. t. To frame again or anew.

                                Refrangibility

   Re*fran`gi*bil"i*ty      (r?*fr?n`j?*b?l"?*t?),     n.     [Cf.     F.
   r\'82frangibilit\'82.] The quality of being refrangible.

                                  Refrangible

   Re*fran"gi*ble   (-fr?n"j?*b'l),   a.   [Cf.  F.  r\'82frangible.  See
   Refract.]  Capable  of  being  refracted,  or  turned  out of a direct
   course,  in  passing  from one medium to another, as rays of light. --
   Re*fran"gi*ble*ness, n.

                                  Refrenation

   Ref`re*na"tion  (r?f`r?*n?"sh?n),  n.  [L. refrenatio. See Refrain, v.
   t.] The act of refraining. [Obs.]

                                    Refresh

   Re*fresh"  (r?*fr?sh"),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Refreshed (-fr?sht"); p.
   pr.  &  vb. n. Refreshing.] [OE. refreshen, refreschen, OF. refreschir
   (cf.  OF.  rafraischir,  rafreschir,  F.  rafra); pref. re- re- + fres
   fresh. F. frais. See Fresh, a.]

   1. To make fresh again; to restore strength, spirit, animation, or the
   like,  to;  to relieve from fatigue or depression; to reinvigorate; to
   enliven anew; to reanimate; as, sleep refreshes the body and the mind.
   Chaucer.

     Foer they have refreshed my spirit and yours. 1 Cor. xvi. 18.

     And labor shall refresh itself with hope. Shak.

   2. To make as if new; to repair; to restore.

     The rest refresh the scaly snakes that folDryden.

   To refresh the memory, to quicken or strengthen it, as by a reference,
   review,  memorandum,  or  suggestion.  Syn.  --  To cool; refrigerate;
   invigorate;  revive;  reanimate;  renovate;  renew; restore; recreate;
   enliven; cheer.

                                    Refresh

   Re*fresh", n. The act of refreshing. [Obs.] Daniel.

                                   Refresher

   Re*fresh"er (-?r), n.

   1. One who, or that which, refreshes.

   2.  (Law)  An  extra  fee  paid  to  counsel  in  a case that has been
   adjourned from one term to another, or that is unusually protracted.

     Ten  guineas  a  day  is  the highest refresher which a counsel can
     charge. London Truth.

                                  Refreshful

   Re*fresh"ful  (-f?l),  a.  Full  of  power  to refresh; refreshing. --
   Re*fresh"ful*ly, adv.

                                  Refreshing

   Re*fresh"ing,  a.  Reviving;  reanimating. -- Re*fresh"ing*ly, adv. --
   Re*fresh"ing*ness, n.

                                  Refreshment

   Re*fresh"ment    (-ment),    n.    [CF.   OF.   refreschissement,   F.
   rafra&icir;chissement.]

   1. The act of refreshing, or the state of being refreshed; restoration
   of strength, spirit, vigor, or liveliness; relief after suffering; new
   life or animation after depression.

   2.   That  which  refreshes;  means  of  restoration  or  reanimation;
   especially, an article of food or drink.

                                    Refret

   Re*fret"  (r?*fr?t"), n. [OF. refret, L. refractus, p. p. See Refrain,
   n., Refract.] Refrain. [Obs.] Bailey.

                                    Refreyd

   Re*freyd"  (r?*fr?d"),  v.  t.  [OF.  refreidier.]  To chill; to cool.
   [Obs.]

     Refreyded by sickness . . . or by cold drinks. Chaucer.

                                  Refrication

   Ref`ri*ca"tion  (r?f`r?*k?"sh?n),  n.  [L.  refricare to rub again.] A
   rubbing up afresh; a brightening. [Obs.]

     A continual refrication of the memory. Bp. Hall.

                                  Refrigerant

   Re*frig"er*ant   (r?*fr?j"?r-ant),  a.  [L.  refrigerans,  p.  pr.  of
   refrigerare:  cf.  F.  r\'82frig\'82rant.  See  Refrigerate.] Cooling;
   allaying heat or fever. Bacon.

                                  Refrigerant

   Re*frig"er*ant,  n. That which makes to be cool or cold; specifically,
   a  medicine  or  an application for allaying fever, or the symptoms of
   fever; -- used also figuratively. Holland. "A refrigerant to passion."
   Blair.

                                  Refrigerate

   Re*frig"er*ate  (-?t),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Refrigerated (-?`t?d); p.
   pr.  & vb. n. Refrigerating.] [L. refrigeratus, p. p. cf. refrigerare;
   pref.  re-  re-  +  grigerare  to  make  cool,  fr.  fragus, frigoris,
   coolness.  See  Frigid.] To cause to become cool; to make or keep cold
   or cool.

                                 Refrigeration

   Re*frig`er*a"tion   (-?"sh?n),  n.  [Cf.  F.  r\'82frig\'82ration,  L.
   refrigeratio.]  The act or process of refrigerating or cooling, or the
   state of being cooled.

                                 Refrigerative

   Re*frig"er*a*tive  (r?*fr?j"?r*?*t?v), a. [Cf. F. r\'82frig\'82ratif.]
   Cooling; allaying heat. -- n. A refrigerant.

     Crazed  brains  should  come  under  a  refrigerative treatment. I.
     Taylor.

                                 Refrigerator

   Re*frig"er*a`tor  (-?`t?r),  n. That which refrigerates or makes cold;
   that  which  keeps  cool.  Specifically: (a) A box or room for keeping
   food  or  other  articles  cool,  usually by means of ice.<-- now by a
   mechanical cooling mechanism. --> (b) An apparatus for rapidly cooling
   heated  liquids  or  vapors, connected with a still, etc. Refrigerator
   car  (Railroad),  a freight car constructed as a refrigerator, for the
   transportation  of fresh meats, fish, etc., in a temperature kept cool
   by ice.<-- or by mechanical refrigeration -->

                                 Refrigeratory

   Re*frig"er*a*to*ry  (-?*t?*r?),  a.  [L.  refrigeratorius.] Mitigating
   heat; cooling.

                                 Refrigeratory

   Re*frig"er*a*to*ry, n.; pl. -ries (-fr. [CF. F. r\'82frig\'82ratoire.]
   That which refrigerates or cools. Specifically: (a) In distillation, a
   vessel  filled  with  cold  water,  surrounding the worm, the vapor in
   which  is thereby condensed. (b) The chamber, or tank, in which ice is
   formed, in an ice machine.

                                  Refrigerium

   Ref`ri*ge"ri*um   (r?f`r?*j?"r?*?m),   n.  [L.]  Cooling  refreshment;
   refrigeration. [Obs.] South.

                                  Refringency

   Re*frin"gen*cy (r?*fr?n"jen*s?), n. The power possessed by a substance
   to   refract   a   ray;   as,   different  substances  have  different
   refringencies. Nichol.

                                  Refringent

   Re*frin"gent  (-jent),  a.  [L.  refringens, p. pr. of refringere. See
   Refract.]  Pertaining  to,  or  possessing,  refringency;  refractive;
   refracting; as, a refringent prism of spar. Nichol.

                                     Reft

   Reft (r?ft), imp. & p. p. of Reave. Bereft.

     Reft of thy sons, amid thy foes forlorn. Heber.

                                     Reft

   Reft, n. A chink; a rift. See Rift. Rom. of R.

                                    Refuge

   Ref"uge  (r?f"?j), n. [F. r\'82fuge, L. refugium, fr. refugere to flee
   back; pref. re- + figere. SEe Fugitive.]

   1. Shelter or protection from danger or distress.

     Rocks,  dens,  and  caves!  But  I  in  none of these Find place or
     refuge. Milton.

     We might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay
     hold upon the hope set before us. Heb. vi. 18.

   2.  That  which  shelters or protects from danger, or from distress or
   calamity;  a stronghold which protects by its strength, or a sanctuary
   which  secures  safety  by  its sacredness; a place inaccessible to an
   enemy.

     The high hills are a refuger the wild goats. Ps. civ. 18.

     The Lord also will be a refuge for the oppressed. Ps. ix. 9.
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   Page 1209

   3.  An  expedient  to  secure  protection  or  defense;  a  device  or
   contrivance.

     Their latest refuge Was to send him. Shak.

     Light  must be supplied, among gracefulrefuges, by terracing Sir H.
     Wotton.

   Cities  of  refuge (Jewish Antiq.), certain cities appointed as places
   of  safe refuge for persons who had committed homicide without design.
   Of  these  there were three on each side of Jordan. Josh. xx. -- House
   of  refuge, a charitable institution for giving shelter and protection
   to  the  homeless,  destitute,  or  tempted.  Syn. -- Shelter; asylum;
   retreat; covert.

                                    Refuge

   Ref"uge (r?f"?j), v. t. To shelter; to protect. [Obs.]

                                    Refugee

   Ref`u*gee"  (r?f`?*j?"),  n.  [F. r\'82fugi\'82, fr. se r\'82fugier to
   take refuge. See Refuge, n.]

   1. One who flees to a shelter, or place of safety.

   2.   Especially,  one  who,  in  times  of  persecution  or  political
   commotion,  flees  to  a  foreign power or country for safety; as, the
   French  refugees  who left France after the revocation of the edict of
   Nantes.

                        Refulgence rfljens, Refulgency

   Re*ful"gence    (r?*f?l"jens),   Re*ful"gen*cy   (-jen*s?),   n.   [L.
   refulgentia.   See   Refulgent.]   The  quality  of  being  refulgent;
   brilliancy; splender; radiance.

                                   Refulgent

   Re*ful"gent  (r?*f?l"jent),  a.  [L. refulgens, p. pr. of refulgere to
   flash  back,  to  shine  bright; pref. re- re- + fulgere to shine. See
   Fulgent.]  Casting  a  bright  light; radiant; brilliant; resplendent;
   shining; splendid; as, refulgent beams. -- Re*ful"gent*ly, adv.

     So conspicuous and refulgent a truth. Boyle.

                                    Refund

   Re*fund"  (r?*f?nd"), v. t. [Pref. re- + fund.] To fund again or anew;
   to  replace  (a  fund or loan) by a new fund; as, to refund a railroad
   loan.

                                    Refund

   Re*fund"  (r?*f?nd"),  v. t. [L. refundere; pref. re- re- + fundere to
   pour:  cf. F. refondre, refonder. See Fuse to melt, and cf. Refound to
   cast again, 1st Refuse.]

   1. To pour back. [R. & Obs.]

     Were  the  humors  of  the eye tinctured with any color, they would
     refund that color upon the object. Ray.

   2. To give back; to repay; to restore.

     A  governor,  that  had pillaged the people, was . . . sentenced to
     refund what he had wrongfully taken. L'Estrange.

   3. To supply again with funds; to reimburse. [Obs.]

                                   Refunder

   Re*fund"er (-?r), n. One who refunds.

                                  Refundment

   Re*fund"ment  (-ment),  n.The  act  of  refunding; also, that which is
   refunded. [R.] Lamb.

                                   Refurbish

   Re*fur"bish (r?*f?r"b?sh), v. t. To furbish anew.

                                   Refurnish

   Re*fur"nish (-n?sh), v. t. To furnish again.

                                Reffurnishment

   Ref*fur"nish*ment  (-ment),  n.  The  act of refurnishing, or state of
   being refurnished.

     The refurnishment was in a style richer than before. L. Wallace.

                                   Refusable

   Re*fus"a*ble  (r?*f?z"?*b'l),  a.  [Cf.  F.  refusable.  See  Refuse.]
   Capable of being refused; admitting of refusal.

                                    Refusal

   Re*fus"al (-al), n.

   1.  The  act  of  refusing; denial of anything demanded, solicited, or
   offered for acceptance.

     Do  they  not  seek  occasion  of  new  quarrels, On my refusal, to
     distress me more? Milton.

   2.  The  right of taking in preference to others; the choice of taking
   or  refusing;  option;  as, to give one the refusal of a farm; to have
   the refusal of an employment.

                                    Refuse

   Re*fuse" (r?*f?z"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Refused (-f?zd"); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Refusing.]  [F.  refuser,  either  from  (assumed) LL. refusare to
   refuse, v. freq. of L. refundere to pour back, give back, restore (see
   Refund  to  repay), or. fr. L. recusare to decline, refuse cf. Accuse,
   Ruse),  influenced  by  L.  refutare to drive back, repel, refute. Cf.
   Refute.]

   1.  To  deny, as a request, demand, invitation, or command; to decline
   to do or grant.

     That never yet refused your hest. Chaucer.

   2. (Mil.) To throw back, or cause to keep back (as the center, a wing,
   or  a  flank), out of the regular aligment when troops aras, to refuse
   the right wing while the left wing attacks.

   3.  To  decline  to accept; to reject; to deny the request or petition
   of; as, to refuse a suitor.

     The  cunning workman never doth refuse The meanest tool that he may
     chance to use. Herbert.

   4. To disown. [Obs.] "Refuse thy name." Shak.

                                    Refuse

   Re*fuse", v. i. To deny compliance; not to comply.

     Too proud to ask, too humble to refuse. Garth.

     If ye refuse . . . ye shall be devoured with the sword. Isa. i. 20.

                                    Refuse

   Re*fuse", n. Refusal. [Obs.] Fairfax.

                                    Refuse

   Ref`use  (r?f"?s;277),  n.  [F.  refus  refusal,  also,  that which is
   refused.  See  Refuse  to  deny.] That which is refused or rejected as
   useless;  waste  or  worthless  matter. Syn. -- Dregs; sediment; scum;
   recrement; dross.

                                    Refuse

   Ref"use,  a. Refused; rejected; hence; left as unworthy of acceptance;
   of no value; worthless.

     Everything  that  was vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly.
     1. Sam. xv. 9.

                                    Refuser

   Re*fus"er (r?*f?z"?r), n. One who refuses or rejects.

                                   Refusion

   Re*fu"sion (r?*f?"zh?n), n. [Pref. re-+ fusion.]

   1. New or repeated melting, as of metals.

   2.  Restoration.  "This  doctrine  of  the  refusion of the soul." Bp.
   Warbuton.

                                     Reful

   Ref"ul  (r?f"?t),  n.  [OF.  refuite.]  Refuge. "Thou haven of refut."
   [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                 Refutability

   Re*fut`a*bil"i*ty   (r?*f?t`?*b?l"?*t?),   n.  The  quality  of  being
   refutable.

                                   Refutable

   Re*fut"a*ble  (r?*f?t"?*b'l;277),  a. [Cf. F. r\'82futable.] Admitting
   of  being  refuted  or  disproved;  capable  of  being proved false or
   erroneous.

                                    Refutal

   Re*fut"al (r?*f?t"al), n. Act of refuting; refutation.

                                  Refutation

   Ref`u*ta"tion    (r?f`?*t?"sh?n),    n.    [L.   refutatio:   cf.   F.
   r\'82futation.]  The  act or process of refuting or disproving, or the
   state  of being refuted; proof of falsehood or error; the overthrowing
   of  an  argument, opinion, testimony, doctrine, or theory, by argument
   or countervailing proof.

     Same  of  his  blunders  seem  rather  to deserve a flogging than a
     refutation. Macaulay.

                                  Refutatory

   Re*fut"a*to*ry   (r?*f?t"?*t?*r?),   a.   [L.   refutatorius:  cf.  F.
   r\'82futatoire.] Tending tu refute; refuting.

                                    Refute

   Re*fute"  (r?*F3t"),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Refuted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Refuting.] [F. r\'82futer, L. refuteare to repel, refute. Cf. Confute,
   Refuse  to  deny.] To disprove and overthrow by argument, evidence, or
   countervailing  proof;  to prove to be false or erroneous; to confute;
   as,  to  refute  arguments; to refute testimony; to refute opinions or
   theories; to refute a disputant.

     There  were  so  many  witnesses  in  these two miracles that it is
     impossible to refute such multitudes. Addison.

   Syn. -- To confute; disprove. See Confute.

                                    Refuter

   Re*fut"er (-f?t"?r), n. One who, or that which, refutes.

                                    Regain

   Re*gain" (r?*g?n"), v. t. [Pref. re- + gain: cf. F. regagner.] To gain
   anew;  to  get again; to recover, as what has escaped or been lost; to
   reach again. Syn. -- To recover; reobtain; repossess; retrieve.

                                     Regal

   Re"gal  (r?"gal),  a.  [L. regalis, fr. rex, regis, a king. See Royal,
   and  cf.  Rajah,  Realm, Regalia.] Of or pertaining to a king; kingly;
   royal; as, regal authority, pomp, or sway. "The regal title." Shak.

     He made a scorn of his regal oath. Milton.

   Syn. -- Kingly; royal. See Kingly.

                                     Regal

   Re"gal,  n.  [F.  r\'82gale,  It.  regale. CF. Rigoll.] (Mus.) A small
   portable  organ,  played  with one hand, the bellows being worked with
   the other, -- used in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

                                    Regale

   Re*ga"le  (r?*g?"l?), n. [LL. regale, pl. regalia, fr. L. regalis: cf.
   F. r\'82gale. See Regal.] A prerogative of royalty. [R.] Johnson.

                                    Regale

   Re*gale"  (r?*g?l), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Regaled (-g?ld"); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Regaling.]  [F.  r\'82galer,  Sp. regalar to regale, to caress, to
   melt,  perhaps fr. L. regalare to thaw (cff. Gelatin), or cf. Sp. gala
   graceful,  pleasing  address,  choicest part of a thing (cf. Gala), or
   most likely from OF. galer to rejoice, gale pleasure.] To enertaas, to
   regale the taste, the eye, or the ear.

                                    Regale

   Re*gale", v. i. To feast; t

                                    Regale

   Re*gale",  n.  [F.  r\'82gal. See Regale, v. t.] A sumptuous repast; a
   banquet. Johnson. Cowper.

     Two  baked custards were produced as additions to the regale. E. E.
     Hale.

                                  Regalement

   Re*gale"ment  (-ment), n. The act of regaling; anything which regales;
   refreshment; entertainment.

                                    Regaler

   Re*gal"er (-g?l"?r), n. One who regales.

                                    Regalia

   Re*ga"li*a  (r?*g?"l?*?),  n.  pl.  [LL.,  from  L.  regalisregal. See
   Regal.]

   1.  That  which  belongs  to royalty. Specifically: (a) The rights and
   prerogatives  of  a king. (b) Royal estates and revenues. (c) Ensings,
   symbols, or paraphernalia of royalty.

   2.  Hence,  decorations  or  insignia  of  an  office  or order, as of
   Freemasons, Odd Fellows,etc.

   3. Sumptuous food; delicacies. [Obs.] Cotton.
   Regalia of a church, the privileges granted to it by kings; sometimes,
   its patrimony. Brande & C.

                                    Regalia

   Re*ga"li*a,  n.  A  kind  of cigar of large size and superior quality;
   also, the size in which such cigars are classed.

                                   Regalian

   Re*ga"li*an  (-an),  a. Pertaining to regalia; pertaining to the royal
   insignia or prerogatives. Hallam.

                                   Regalism

   Re"gal*ism  (r?"gal*?z'm),  n.  The  doctrine  of royal prerogative or
   supremacy. [R.] Cardinal Manning.

                                   Regality

   Re*gal"i*ty  (r?*g?l"?*t?),  n. [LL. regalitas, from L. regalis regal,
   royal. See Regal, and cf. Royality.]

   1. Royalty; ssovereignty; sovereign jurisdiction.

     [Passion] robs reason of her due regalitie. Spenser.

     He  came partly in by the sword, and had high courage in all points
     of regality. Bacon.

   2. An ensign or badge of royalty. [Obs.]

                                    Regally

   Re"gal*ly (r?"gal*l?), adv. In a regal or royal manner.

                                    Regard

   Re*gard"  (r?*g?rd"),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Regarded; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Regarding.]  [F. regarder; pref. re- re + garder to guard, heed, keep.
   See Guard, and cf. Reward.]

   1. To keep in view; to behold; to look at; to view; to gaze upon.

     Your niece regards me with an eye of favor. Shak.

   2. Hence, to look or front toward; to face. [Obs.]

     It is peninsula which regardeth the mainland. Sandys.

     That  exceedingly  beatiful  seat,  on  the assregarding the river.
     Evelyn.

   3. To look closely at; to observe attentively; to pay attention to; to
   notice or remark particularly.

     If  much  you note him, You offened him; . . . feed, and regard him
     not. Shak.

   4.  To look upon, as in a certain relation; to hold as an popinion; to
   consider;  as,  to  regard  abstinence  from wine as a duty; to regard
   another as a friend or enemy.

   5.  To  consider  and  treat; to have a certain feeling toward; as, to
   regard one with favor or dislike.

     His associates seem to have regarded him with kindness. Macaulay.

   6.  To  pay  respect  to;  to  treat  as  something of peculiar value,
   sanctity, or the like; to care for; to esteem.

     He  that  regardeth thae day, regardeth it into the LOrd. Rom. xiv.
     6.

     Here's Beaufort, that regards nor God nor king. Shak.

   7.  To  take  into  consideration;  to  take  account of, as a fact or
   condition.  "Nether  regarding that she is my child, nor fearing me as
   if II were her father." Shak.

   8.  To have relation to, as bearing upon; to respect; to relate to; to
   touch;  as,  an  argument  does not regard the question; -- often used
   impersonally; as, I agree with you as regards this or that. Syn. -- To
   consider;  observe;  remark;  heed;  mind;  respect; esteem; estimate;
   value. See Attend.

                                    Regard

   Re*gard"  (r?*g?rd"),  v.  i.  To  look  attentively;  to consider; to
   notice. [Obs.] Shak.

                                    Regard

   Re*gard", n. [F. regard See Regard, v. t.]

   1. A look; aspect directed to another; view; gaze.

     But her, with stern regard, he thus repelled. Milton.

   2.  Attention  of  the  mind  with a feeling of interest; observation;
   heed; notice.

     Full many a lady I have eyed with best regard. Shak.

   3.  That  view  of  the  mind  which springs from perception of value,
   estimable  qualities,  or  anything  that excites admiration; respect;
   esteem;  reverence; affection; as, to have a high regard for a person;
   -- often in the plural.

     He  has rendered himself worthy of their most favorable regards. A.
     Smith.

     Save  the  long-sought  regards  of  woman, nothing is sweeter than
     those marks of childish preference. Hawthorne.

   4.   State   of   being  regarded,  whether  favorably  or  otherwise;
   estimation; repute; note; account.

     A  man  of  meanest  regard  amongst them, neither having wealth or
     power. Spenser.

   5. Consideration; thought; reflection; heed.

     Sad pause and deep regard become the sage. Shak.

   6.  Matter for conssideration; account; condition. [Obs.] "Reason full
   of good regard." Shak.

   7. Respect; relation; reference.

     Persuade  them  to  pursue  and persevere in virtue, with regard to
     themselves; in justice and goodness with regard to their neighbors;
     and piefy toward God. I. Watts.

     NOTE: &hand; Th  e ph rase in  re gard of  wa s fo rmerly us ed as 
     equivalent  in  meaning  to  on  account of, but in modern usage is
     often improperly substituted for in respect to, or in regard to.

   G. P. Marsh.

     Change was thought necessary in regard of the injury the church did
     receive by a number of things then in use. Hooker.

     In  regard  of  its  security,  it  had  a great advantage over the
     bandboxes. Dickens.

   8. Object of sight; scene; view; aspect. [R.]

     Throw  out  our  eyes for brave Othello, Even till we make the main
     and the a\'89rial blue An indistinct regard. Shak.

   9. (O.Eng.Law) Supervision; inspection.
   At  regard of, in consideration of; in comparison with. [Obs.] "Bodily
   penance  is  but  short  and  little  at regard of the pains of hell."
   Chaucer.  --  Court of regard, a forest court formerly held in England
   every  third year for the lawing, or expeditation, of dogs, to prevent
   them  from  running  after  deer;  --  called  also  survey  of  dogs.
   Blackstone.  Syn. -- Respect; consideration; notice; observance; heed;
   care; concern; estimation; esteem; attachment; reverence.

                                  Regardable

   Re*gard"a*ble (-?*b'l), a. Worthy of regard or notice; to be regarded;
   observable. [R.] Sir T. Browne.

                                   Regardant

   Re*gard"ant (-ant), a. [F. regardant, fr. regarder. See Regard, v. t.]
   [Written also regardant.]

   1. Looking behind; looking backward watchfully.

     [He] turns thither his regardant eye. Southey.

   2. (Her.) Looking behind or backward; as, a lion regardant.

   3. (O.Eng.Law) Annexed to the land or manor; as, a villain regardant.

                                   Regarder

   Re*gard"er (r?*g?rd"?r), n.

   1. One who regards.

   2.  (Eng.  Forest  law)  An officer appointed to supervise the forest.
   Cowell.

                                   Regardful

   Re*gard"ful    (-f?l),    a.   Heedful;   attentive;   observant.   --
   Re*gard"ful*ly, adv.

     Let  a  man be very tender and regardful of every pious motion made
     by the Spirit of God to his heart. South.

   Syn. -- Mindful; heedful; attentive; observant.

                                   Regarding

   Re*gard"ing, prep. Concerning; respecting.

                                  Regardless

   Re*gard"less, a.

   1.  Having  no  regard;  heedless;  careless;  as, regardless of life,
   consequences, dignity.

     Regardless of the bliss wherein he sat. Milton.

   2.   Not   regarded;  slighted.  [R.]  Spectator.  Syn.  --  Heedless;
   negligent;    careless;    indifferent;    unconcerned;   inattentive;
   unobservant;     neglectful.     --     Re*gard"less*ly,    adv.    --
   Re*gard"less*ness, n.

                                   Regather

   Re*gath"er (r?*g?th"?r), v. t. To gather again.

                                    Regatta

   Re*gat"ta  (r?*g?t"t?),  n.;  pl. Regattas (-t. [It. regatta, regata.]
   Originally,  a  gondola race in Venice; now, a rowing or sailing race,
   or a series of such races.

                                     Regel

   Re"gel (r?"g?l), n. (Astron.) See Rigel.

                                   Regelate

   Re"ge*late  (r?"j?*l?t  OR r?j"?-), v. i. (Physics) To freeze together
   again; to undergo regelation, as ice.

                                  Regelation

   Re`ge*la"tion  (-l?"sh?n),  n.  [Pref.  re-  + L. gelatio a freezing.]
   (Physics)  The  act  or  process  of freezing anew, or together,as two
   pieces of ice.

     NOTE: &hand; Two pieces of ice at (or even) 32regelation.

   Faraday.

                                    Regence

   Re"gence (r?"jens), n. Rule. [Obs.] Hudibras.

                                    Regency

   Re"gen*cy  (r?*jen*s?), n.; pl. Regencies (-s. [CF. F. r\'82gence, LL.
   regentia. See Regent, a.]

   1. The office of ruler; rule; authority; government.

   2.  Especially,  the  office, jurisdiction, or dominion of a regent or
   vicarious  ruler,  or  of  a  body  of  regents;  deputed or vicarious
   government. Sir W. Temple.

   3.  A  body  of men intrusted with vicarious government; as, a regency
   constituted  during  a  king's  minority, absence from the kingdom, or
   other disability.

     A council or regency consisting of twelve persons. Lowth.

                                  Regeneracy

   Re*gen"er*a*cy  (r?*j?n"?r*?*s?),  n.  [See  Regenerate.] The state of
   being regenerated. Hammond.

                                  Regenerate

   Re*gen"er*ate  (-?t),  a.  [L.  regeneratus,  p.  p.  of regenerare to
   regenerate; pref. re- re- + generare to beget. See Generate.]

   1. Reproduced.

     The  earthly  author  of  my  blood,  Whose  youthful spirit, in me
     regenerate, Doth with a twofold vigor lift me up. Shak.

   2.  (Theol.)  Born anew; become Christian; renovated in heart; changed
   from a natural to a spiritual state.
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   Page 1210

                                  Regenerate

   Re*gen"er*ate (r?*j?n"?r*?t), v. t.

   1.  To  generate  or  produce  anew;  to  reproduce; to give new life,
   strength, or vigor to.

     Through  all  the  soil  a genial fferment spreads. Regenerates the
     plauts, and new adorns the meads. Blackmore.

   2. (Theol.) To cause to be spiritually born anew; to cause to become a
   Christian; to convert from sin to holiness; to implant holy affections
   in the heart of.

   3.  Hence, to make a radical change for the better in the character or
   condition of; as, to regenerate society.

                                Regenerateness

   Re*gen"er*ate*ness  (-?t*n?s),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being
   rgenerate.

                                 Regeneration

   Re*gen`er*a"tion    (-?"sh?n),    n.    [L.    regeneratio:   cf.   F.
   r\'82g\'82neration.]

   1. The act of regenerating, or the state of being regenerated.

   2.  (Theol.)  The  entering  into  a  new  spiritual  life; the act of
   becoming,  or  of  being  made,  Christian;  that change by which holy
   affectations  and purposes are substituted for the opposite motives in
   the heart.

     He  saved  us  by  the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the
     Holy Chost. Tit. iii. 5.

   3.  (Biol.)  The  reproduction  of  a  part  which has been removed or
   destroyed;  re-formation;  -- a process especially characteristic of a
   many  of  the  lower  animals;  as,  the regeneration of lost feelers,
   limbs, and claws by spiders and crabs.

   4. (Physiol.) (a) The reproduction or renewal of tissues, cells, etc.,
   which  have  been  used  up and destroyed by the ordinary processes of
   life;  as,  the  continual regeneration of the epithelial cells of the
   body,  or the regeneration of the contractile substance of muscle. (b)
   The  union  of  parts  which  have  been  severed, so that they become
   anatomically perfect; as, the regeneration of a nerve.

                                 Regenerative

   Re*gen"er*a*tive   (r?*j?n"?r*?*t?v),   a.   Of   or   pertaining   to
   regeneration;  tending  to regenerate; as, regenerative influences. H.
   Bushnell.   Regenerative   furnace   (Metal.),   a  furnace  having  a
   regenerator  in  which  gas  used  for  fuel,  and  air for supporting
   combustion, are heated; a Siemens furnace.

                                Regeneratively

   Re*gen"er*a*tive*ly, adv. So as to regenerate.

                                  Regenerator

   Re*gen"er*a`tor (-?`t?r), n.

   1. One who, or that which, regenerates.

   2.   (Mech.)  A  device  used  in  connection  with  hot-air  engines,
   gas-burning furnaces, etc., in which the incoming air or gas is heated
   by  being brought into contact with masses of iron, brick, etc., which
   have  been  previously heated by the outgoing, or escaping, hot air or
   gas.

                                 Regeneratory

   Re*gen"er*a*to*ry  (-?*t?*r?),  a.  Having  power to renew; tending to
   reproduce; regenerating. G. S. Faber.

                                   Regenesis

   Re*gen"e*sis (-?*s?s), n. New birth; renewal.

     A continued regenesis of dissenting sects. H. Spenser.

                                    Regent

   Re"gent  (r?"jent),  a.  [L. regens, -entis, p. pr. of regere to rule:
   cf. F. r\'82gent. See Regiment.]

   1. Ruling; governing; regnant. "Some other active regent principle . .
   . which we call the soul." Sir M. Hale.

   2. Exercising vicarious authority. Milton.
   Queen regent. See under Queen, n.

                                    Regent

   Re"gent, n. [F. r\'82gent. See Regent, a.]

   1. One who rules or reigns; a governor; a ruler. Milton.

   2.  Especially, one invested with vicarious authority; one who governs
   a kingdom in the minority, absence, or disability of the sovereign.

   3.  One of a governing board; a trustee or overseer; a superintendent;
   a curator; as, the regents of the Smithsonian Institution.

   4.  (Eng.Univ.)  A  resident  master  of arts of less than five years'
   standing, or a doctor of less than twwo. They were formerly privileged
   to lecture in the schools.
   Regent  bird  (Zo\'94l.), a beautiful Australian bower bird (Sericulus
   melinus). The male has the head, neck, and large patches on the wings,
   bright  golden yellow, and the rest of the plumage deep velvety black;
   --  so  called in honor of the Prince of Wales (afterward George IV.),
   who  was  Prince  Regent in the reign of George III. -- The Regents of
   the  University  of  the State of New York, the members of a corporate
   body   called  the  University  of  New  York.  They  have  a  certain
   supervisory  power  over the incorporated institution for Academic and
   higher education in the State.

                                   Regentess

   Re"gent*ess, n. A female regent. [R.] Cotgrave.

                                  Regentship

   Re"gent*ship, n. The office of a regent; regency.

                                  Regerminate

   Re*ger"mi*nate  (r?*j?r"m?*n?t),  v. i. [Pref. re- + germinate: cf. L.
   regerminare.] To germinate again.

     Perennial plants regerminate several years successively. J. Lee.

                                 Regermination

   Re*ger`mi*na"tion  (-n?"sh?n),  n.  [L.  regerminatio.]  A germinating
   again or anew.

                                    Regest

   Re*gest"  (r?*j?st"),  n.  [L. regesta, pl.: cf. OF. regestes, pl. See
   Register.] A register. [Obs.] Milton.

                                     Reget

   Re*get" (r?*g?t"), v. t. To get again.

                                    Regian

   Re"gi*an  (r?"j?-an),  n.  [L.  regius  regal.]  An upholder of kingly
   authority; a royalist. [Obs.] Fuller.

                                    Regible

   Reg"i*ble  (r?j"?*b'l),  a.  [L.  regibilis,  from  regere  to  rule.]
   Governable; tractable. [Obs.]

                                   Regicidal

   Reg"i*ci`dal  (r?j"?*s?`dal),  a.  Pertaining  to  regicide, or to one
   committing  it;  having  the  nature  of, or resembling, regicide. Bp.
   Warburton.

                                   Regicide

   Reg"i*cide  (r?j"?*s?d),  n.  [F. r\'82gicide; L. rex, regis, a king +
   caedere to kill. Cf. Homicide.]

   1.  One who kills or who murders a king; specifically (Eng.Hist.), one
   of the judges who condemned Charles I. to death.

   2. The killing or the murder of a king.

                                    Regild

   Re*gild" (r?*g?ld"), v. t. To gild anew.

                                   R\'82gime

   R\'82`gime" (r?`zh?m"), n. [F. See Regimen.]

   1.  Mode  or system of rule or management; character of government, or
   of the prevailing social system.

     I dream . . . of the new r\'82gime which is to come. H. Kingsley.

   2. (Hydraul.) The condition of a river with respect to the rate of its
   flow,  as  measured  by  the  volume  of water passing different cross
   sections  in  a given time, uniform r\'82gime being the condition when
   the flow is equal and uniform at all the cross sections.
   The  ancient r\'82gime, OR Ancien r\'82gime [F.], the former political
   and  social  system, as distinguished from the modern; especially, the
   political  and  social system existing in France before the Revolution
   of 1789.
   
                                    Regimen
                                       
   Reg"i*men  (r?j"?*m?n), n. [L. regimen, -inis, fr. regere to guide, to
   rule. See Right, and cf. Regal, R\'82gime, Regiment.] 

   1. Orderly government; system of order; adminisration. Hallam.

   2.  Any  regulation  or remedy which is intended to produce beneficial
   effects  by  gradual  operation;  esp.  (Med.), a systematic course of
   diet,  etc., pursed with a view to improving or preserving the health,
   or for the purpose of attaining some particular effect, as a reduction
   of flesh; -- sometimes used synonymously with hygiene.

   3.  (Gram.)  (a)  A  syntactical  relation  between words, as when one
   depends  on another and is regulated by it in respect to case or mood;
   government. (b) The word or words governed.

                                   Regiment

   Reg"i*ment  (-ment),  n.  [F.  r\'82giment a regiment of men, OF. also
   government,  L.  regimentum government, fr. regere to guide, rule. See
   Regimen.]

   1.  Government;  mode  of  ruling;  rule;  authority;  regimen. [Obs.]
   Spenser. "Regiment of health." Bacon.

     But what are kings, when regiment is gone, But perfect shadows in a
     sunshine day? Marlowe.

     The  law  of  nature  doth  now  require  of necessity some kind of
     regiment. Hocker.

   2. A region or district governed. [Obs.] Spenser.

   3.  (Mil.)  A body of men, either horse, foot, or artillery, commanded
   by a colonel, and consisting of a number of companies, usually ten.

     NOTE: &hand; In  the British army all the artillery are included in
     one  regiment, which (reversing the usual practice) is divided into
     brigades.

   Regiment of the line (Mil.), a regiment organized for general service;
   --  in  distinction  from  those (as the Life Guards) whose duties are
   usually special. [Eng.]

                                   Regiment

   Reg"i*ment  (-m?nt),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Regimented; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Regimenting.] To form into a regiment or into regiments. Washington.

                                  Regimental

   Reg`i*men"tal  (-m?n"tal), a. Belonging to, or concerning, a regiment;
   as,  regimental  officers, clothing. Regimental school, in the British
   army,  a  school  for  the  instruction  of  the private soldiers of a
   regiment,   and   their  children,  in  the  rudimentary  branches  of
   education.

                                 Regimentally

   Reg`i*men"tal*ly,  adv.  In  or by a regiment or regiments; as, troops
   classified regimentally.

                                  Regimentals

   Reg`i*men"tals (-talz), n. pl. (Mil.) The uniform worn by the officers
   and  soldiers  of  a regiment; military dress; -- formerly used in the
   singular in the same sense. Colman.

                                   Regiminal

   Re*gim"i*nal  (r?*j?m"?*nal),  a.  Of  or  relating  to  regimen;  as,
   regiminal rules.

                                    Region

   Re"gion  (r?"j?n),  n.  [F.  r\'82gion,  from  L. regio a direction, a
   boundary line, region, fr. regere to guide, direct. See Regimen.]

   1.  One  of  the  grand  districts or quarters into which any space or
   surface,  as  of the earth or the heavens, is conceived of as divided;
   hence,  in  general,  a  portion  of  space or territory of indefinite
   extent; country; province; district; tract.

     If  thence  he  'scappe,  into  whatever  world, Or unknown region.
     Milton.

   2.  Tract,  part,  or  space,  lying  about  and  including  anything;
   neighborhood;  vicinity; sphere. "Though the fork invade the region of
   my heart." Shak.

     Philip, tetrarch of .. the region of Trachonitis. Luke iii. 1.

   3. The upper air; the sky; the heavens. [Obs.]

     Anon the dreadful thunder Doth rend the region. Shak.

   4. The inhabitants of a district. Matt. iii. 5. 

   5. Place; rank; station. [Obs. or R.]

     He is of too high a region. Shak.

                                   Regional

   Re"gion*al  (-al),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  particular  region;
   sectional.

                                    Regious

   Re"gi*ous (-j?*?s), a. [L. regius royal, fr. rex, regis, king.] Regal;
   royal. [Obs.] Harrington.

                                   Register

   Reg"is*ter   (r?j"?s*t?r),   n.   [OE.   registre,  F.  registre,  LL.
   registrum,regestum,  L. regesta, pl., fr. regerere, regestum, to carry
   back,  to register; pref. re- re- + gerere to carry. See Jest, and cf.
   Regest.]

   1.  A  written  account  or  entry; an official or formal enumeration,
   description, or record; a memorial record; a list or roll; a schedule.

     As  you  have  one eye upon my follies, . . . turn another into the
     register of your own. Shak.

   2.  (Com.)  (a)  A  record  containing  a  list and description of the
   merchant  vessels  belonging  to  a  port  or  customs district. (b) A
   certificate  issued  by the collector of customs of a port or district
   to  the owner of a vessel, containing the description of a vessel, its
   name,  ownership,  and  other  material facts. It is kept on board the
   vessel,  to  be used as an evidence of nationality or as a muniment of
   title.

   3. [Cf. LL. registrarius. Cf. Regisrar.] One who registers or records;
   a registrar; a recorder; especially, a public officer charged with the
   duty  of  recording  certain transactions or events; as, a register of
   deeds.

   4.  That  which  registers  or  records.  Specifically:  (a) (Mech.) A
   contrivance  for  automatically noting the performance of a machine or
   the  rapidity  of  a  process.  (b) (Teleg.) The part of a telegraphic
   apparatus  which  records  automatically  the  message received. (c) A
   machine  for  registering  automatically the number of persons passing
   through a gateway, fares taken, etc.; a telltale.

   5.  A  lid,  stopper, or sliding plate, in a furnace, stove, etc., for
   regulating  the  admission  of  air  to the fuel; also, an arrangement
   containing  dampers  or shutters, as in the floor or wall of a room or
   passage,  or  in  a chimney, for admitting or excluding heated air, or
   for regulating ventilation.

   6.  (Print.)  (a)  The inner part of the mold in which types are cast.
   (b)  The correspondence of pages, columns, or lines on the opposite or
   reverse  sides  of  the sheet. (c) The correspondence or adjustment of
   the  several  impressions in a design which is printed in parts, as in
   chromolithographic  printing, or in the manufacture of paper hangings.
   See Register, v. i. 2.

   7.  (Mus.)  (a)  The  compass  of  a  voice or instrument; a specified
   portion  of  the  compass  of a voice, or a series of vocal tones of a
   given  compass;  as, the upper, middle, or lower register; the soprano
   register; the tenor register.

     NOTE: &hand; In  re spect to  th e vo cal tones, the thick register
     properly  extends below from the F on the lower space of the treble
     staff.  The  thin  register extends an octave above this. The small
     register  is  above  the  thin.  The voice in the thick register is
     called  the chest voice; in the thin, the head voice. Falsetto is a
     kind  off  voice,  of  a  thin,  shrull  quality, made by using the
     mechanism  of  the  upper  thin register for tones below the proper
     limit on the scale.

   E.  Behnke. (b) A stop or set of pipes in an organ. Parish register, A
   book  in  which  are recorded the births, baptisms, marriages, deaths,
   and  burials  in  a  parish.  Syn.  --  List; catalogue; roll; record;
   archives; chronicle; annals. See List.

                                   Register

   Reg"is*ter (r?j"?s*t?r), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Registere (-t?rd); p. pr.
   &  vb. n. Registering.] [Cf. F. regisrer, exregistrer, LL. registrare.
   See Register, n.]

   1. T

   2. To enroll; to enter in a list.

     Such follow him as shall be registered. Milton.

   Registered  letter, a letter, the address of which is, on payment of a
   special  fee,  registered  in the post office and the transmission and
   delivery of which are attended to with particular care.

                                   Register

   Reg"is*ter, v. i.

   1. To enroll one's name in a register.

   2.  (Print.)  To  correspond  in  ralative  position;  as,  two pages,
   columns, etc. , register when the corresponding parts fall in the same
   line, or when line falls exactly upon line in reverse pages, or (as in
   chromatic printing) where the various colors of the design are printed
   consecutively, and perfect adjustment of parts is necessary.

                                  Registering

   Reg"is*ter*ing,  a.  Recording;  --  applied to instruments; having an
   apparatus   which   registers;  as,  a  registering  thermometer.  See
   Recording.

                                 Registership

   Reg"is*ter*ship, n. The office of a register.

                                  Registrant

   Reg"is*trant  (-trant),  n. [L. registrans, p. pr.] One who registers;
   esp.,  one  who  ,  by  virtue  of  securing an official registration,
   obtains a certain right or title of possession, as to a trade-mark.

                                   Registrar

   Reg"is*trar  (-tr?r),  n. [LL. registrarius, or F. r\'82gistraire. See
   Register.]  One  who registers; a recorder; a keeper of records; as, a
   registrar of births, deaths, and marriages. See Register, n., 3.

                                 Registrarship

   Reg"is*trar*ship, n. The office of a registrar.

                                  Registrary

   Reg"is*tra*ry (- tr?*r?), n. A registrar. [Obs.]

                                  Registrate

   Reg"is*trate (-tr?t), v. t. To register. [R.]

                                 Regi