Unabridged Dictionary - Letter O

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   O (?).

   1.  O, the fifteenth letter of the English alphabet, derives its form,
   value,  and  name from the Greek O, through the Latin. The letter came
   into  the  Greek  from  the  Ph&oe;nician,  which  possibly derived it
   ultimately  from  the  Egyptian.  Etymologically, the letter o is most
   closely  related  to a, e, and u; as in E. bone, AS. b\'ben; E. stone,
   AS.  st\'ben;  E.  broke,  AS.  brecan to break; E. bore, AS. beran to
   bear;  E.  dove,  AS. d&umac;fe; E. toft, tuft; tone, tune; number, F.
   nombre.  The letter o has several vowel sounds, the principal of which
   are  its  long  sound, as in bone, its short sound, as in nod, and the
   sounds  heard  in  the  words orb, son, do (feod), and wolf (book). In
   connection  with  the  other  vowels  it  forms  several  digraphs and
   diphthongs. See Guide to Pronunciation,  107-129.

   2.  Among  the  ancients, O was a mark of triple time, from the notion
   that  the  ternary,  or  number 3, is the most perfect of numbers, and
   properly  expressed  by  a circle, the most perfect figure. O was also
   anciently used to represent 11: with a dash over it (), 11,000.


   O (?), n.; pl. O's OR Oes (.

   1.  The letter O, or its sound. "Mouthing out his hollow oes and aes."

   2.  Something shaped like the letter O; a circle or oval. "This wooden
   O [Globe Theater]". Shak.

   3. A cipher; zero. [R.]

     Thou art an O without a figure. Shak.


   O'.  [Ir.  o  a  descendant.]  A  prefix  to Irish family names, which
   signifies  grandson  or  descendant of, and is a character of dignity;
   as, O'Neil, O'Carrol.


   O'  (?),  prep.  A  shortened form of of or on. "At the turning o' the
   tide." Shak.


   O (?), a. [See One.] One. [Obs.] Chaucer. "Alle thre but o God." Piers


   O (?), interj. An exclamation used in calling or directly addressing a
   person  or  personified  object;  also, as an emotional or impassioned
   exclamation expressing pain, grief, surprise, desire, fear, etc.

     For ever, O Lord, thy word is settled in heaven. Ps. cxix. 89.

     O  how  love I thy law ! it is my meditation all the day. Ps. cxix.

     NOTE: &hand; O  is  frequently followed by an ellipsis and that, an
     in  expressing  a  wish: "O [I wish] that Ishmael might live before
     thee  !" Gen. xvii. 18; or in expressions of surprise, indignation,
     or  regret:  "O  [it  is sad] that such eyes should e'er meet other
     object !"

   Sheridan Knowles.

     NOTE: &hand; A  distinction between the use of O and oh is insisted
     upon  by some, namely, that O should be used only in direct address
     to  a person or personified object, and should never be followed by
     the  exclamation  point,  while  Oh  (or  oh)  should  be  used  in
     exclamations  where  no  direct  appeal  or address to an object is
     made,  and  may  be  followed  by  the  exclamation  point  or not,
     according  to  the  nature  or  construction  of the sentence. Some
     insist  that  oh  should be used only as an interjection expressing
     strong  feeling.  The  form  O, however, is, it seems, the one most
     commonly  employed  for  both uses by modern writers and correctors
     for  the  press.  "O,  I  am  slain  !"  Shak.  "O  what a fair and
     ministering angel !" "O sweet angel !" Longfellow.

     O for a kindling touch from that pure flame ! Wordsworth.

     But  she  is  in  her  grave,  --  and  oh  The  difference to me !

     Oh for a lodge in some vast wilderness ! Cowper.

     We  should  distinguish  between  the  sign of the vocative and the
     emotional  interjection,  writing  O for the former, and oh for the
     latter. Earle.

   O  dear, AND O dear me! [corrupted fr. F. O Dieu! or It. O Dio! O God!
   O  Dio  mio!  O  my  God!  Wyman],  exclamations expressive of various
   emotions,  but  usually  promoted  by  surprise, consternation, grief,
   pain, etc.


   Oad (?), n. See Woad. [Obs.] Coles.


   Oaf  (?),  n. [See Auf.] Originally, an elf's child; a changeling left
   by  fairies  or  goblins;  hence,  a  deformed  or  foolish  child;  a
   simpleton; an idiot.


   Oaf"ish, a. Like an oaf; simple. -- Oaf"ish*ness, n.


   Oak  (?),  n.  [OE.  oke, ok, ak, AS. \'bec; akin to D. eik, G. eiche,
   OHG. eih, Icel. eik, Sw. ek, Dan. eeg.]

   1.  (Bot.)  Any  tree  or  shrub  of  the genus Quercus. The oaks have
   alternate  leaves,  often  variously  lobed,  and staminate flowers in
   catkins.  The fruit is a smooth nut, called an acorn, which is more or
   less inclosed in a scaly involucre called the cup or cupule. There are
   now  recognized  about  three  hundred  species, of which nearly fifty
   occur  in  the  United States, the rest in Europe, Asia, and the other
   parts  of North America, a very few barely reaching the northern parts
   of  South  America  and  Africa. Many of the oaks form forest trees of
   grand  proportions  and  live many centuries. The wood is usually hard
   and  tough,  and provided with conspicuous medullary rays, forming the
   silver grain.

   2. The strong wood or timber of the oak.

     NOTE: &hand; Among the true oaks in America are:

   Barren  oak,  or Black-jack, Q. nigra. -- Basket oak, Q. Michauxii. --
   Black  oak,  Q. tinctoria: -- called also yellow or quercitron oak. --
   Bur  oak  (see  under Bur.), Q. macrocarpa; -- called also over-cup or
   mossy-cup  oak.  --  Chestnut  oak,  Q.  Prinus  and Q. densiflora. --
   Chinquapin  oak  (see  under  Chinquapin), Q. prinoides. -- Coast live
   oak,  Q.  agrifolia, of California; -- also called enceno. -- Live oak
   (see  under  Live), Q. virens, the best of all for shipbuilding; also,
   Q.  Chrysolepis, of California. -- Pin oak. Same as Swamp oak. -- Post
   oak,  Q.  obtusifolia.  --  Red  oak,  Q.  rubra.  --  Scarlet oak, Q.
   coccinea.  --  Scrub  oak, Q. ilicifolia, Q. undulata, etc. -- Shingle
   oak,  Q. imbricaria. -- Spanish oak, Q. falcata. -- Swamp Spanish oak,
   or  Pin  oak,  Q.  palustris. -- Swamp white oak, Q. bicolor. -- Water
   oak,  Q.  aguatica.  --  Water white oak, Q. lyrata. -- Willow oak, Q.
   Phellos. Among the true oaks in Europe are: Bitter oak, OR Turkey oak,
   Q.  Cerris  (see Cerris). -- Cork oak, Q. Suber. -- English white oak,
   Q. Robur. -- Evergreen oak, Holly oak, OR Holm oak, Q. Ilex. -- Kermes
   oak, Q. coccifera. -- Nutgall oak, Q. infectoria.

     NOTE: &hand; Among plants called oak, but not of the genus Quercus,

   African   oak,  a  valuable  timber  tree  (Oldfieldia  Africana).  --
   Australian,  OR  She,  oak,  any  tree  of  the  genus  Casuarina (see
   Casuarina). -- Indian oak, the teak tree (see Teak). -- Jerusalem oak.
   See   under  Jerusalem.  --  New  Zealand  oak,  a  sapindaceous  tree
   (Alectryon excelsum). -- Poison oak, the poison ivy. See under Poison.
   --  Silky,  OR Silk-bark, oak, an Australian tree (Grevillea robusta).
   Green  oak,  oak  wood  colored green by the growth of the mycelium of
   certain  fungi.  -- Oak apple, a large, smooth, round gall produced on
   the leaves of the American red oak by a gallfly (Cynips confluens). It
   is  green  and  pulpy  when young. -- Oak beauty (Zo\'94l.), a British
   geometrid  moth  (Biston prodromaria) whose larva feeds on the oak. --
   Oak gall, a gall found on the oak. See 2d Gall. -- Oak leather (Bot.),
   the  mycelium  of  a  fungus  which  forms  leatherlike patches in the
   fissures  of  oak  wood.  --  Oak  pruner.  (Zo\'94l.) See Pruner, the
   insect.  --  Oak  spangle,  a  kind of gall produced on the oak by the
   insect  Diplolepis  lenticularis.  -- Oak wart, a wartlike gall on the
   twigs  of  an  oak. -- The Oaks, one of the three great annual English
   horse  races  (the  Derby  and  St.  Leger  being  the others). It was
   instituted  in  1779  by  the  Earl  of  Derby, and so called from his
   estate.  --  To  sport  one's  oak,  to  be "not at home to visitors,"
   signified  by  closing  the  outer (oaken) door of one's rooms. [Cant,
   Eng. Univ.]


   Oak"en  (?),  a.  [AS.  \'becen.] Made or consisting of oaks or of the
   wood of oaks. "In oaken bower." Milton.

     Oaken timber, wherewith to build ships. Bacon.


   Oak"er (?), n. See Ocher. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Oak"ling (?), n. A young oak. Evelyn.

   Page 989


   Oak"um  (?),  n.  [AS. \'becumba; pref. er-, Goth. us-, orig. meaning,
   out) + cemban to comb, camb comb. See Comb.]

   1.  The  material  obtained by untwisting and picking into loose fiber
   old  hemp  ropes;  --  used  for  calking the seams of ships, stopping
   leaks, etc.

   2. The coarse portion separated from flax or hemp in nackling. Knight.
   White oakum, that made from untarred rope.


   Oak"y (?), n. Resembling oak; strong. Bp. Hall.


   Oar  (?),  n  [AS.  \'ber; akin to Icel. \'ber, Dan. aare, Sw. \'86ra;
   perh. akin to E. row, v. Cf. Rowlock.]

   1. An implement for impelling a boat, being a slender piece of timber,
   usually  ash  or  spruce, with a grip or handle at one end and a broad
   blade  at the other. The part which rests in the rowlock is called the

     NOTE: &hand; An  oar is a kind of long paddle, which swings about a
     kind of fulcrum, called a rowlock, fixed to the side of the boat.

   2. An oarsman; a rower; as, he is a good car.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) An oarlike swimming organ of various invertebrates.
   Oar  cock (Zo\'94l), the water rail. [Prov. Eng.] -- Spoon oar, an oar
   having  the  blade so curved as to afford a better hold upon the water
   in  rowing.  -- To boat the oars, to cease rowing, and lay the oars in
   the  boat. -- To feather the oars. See under Feather., v. t. -- To lie
   on  the oars, to cease pulling, raising the oars out of water, but not
   boating  them; to cease from work of any kind; to be idle; to rest. --
   To  muffle  the  oars, to put something round that part which rests in
   the  rowlock,  to  prevent noise in rowing. -- To put in one's oar, to
   give  aid  or advice; -- commonly used of a person who obtrudes aid or
   counsel  not  invited.  --  To  ship  the  oars,  to place them in the
   rowlocks. -- To toss the oars, To peak the oars, to lift them from the
   rowlocks  and  hold  them  perpendicularly,  the handle resting on the
   bottom  of  the  boat. -- To trail oars, to allow them to trail in the
   water  alongside  of the boat. -- To unship the oars, to take them out
   of the rowlocks.


   Oar,  v.  t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Oared (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Oaring.] To
   row. "Oared himself." Shak.

     Oared with laboring arms. Pope.


   Oared (?), a.

   1.  Furnished  with  oars;  --  chiefly  used  in  composition;  as, a
   four-oared boat.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) Having feet adapted for swimming. (b) Totipalmate;
   -- said of the feet of certain birds. See Illust. of Aves.
   Oared   shrew   (Zo\'94l.),   an  aquatic  European  shrew  (Crossopus
   ciliatus); -- called also black water shrew.


   Oat"cake (?), n. A cake made of oatmeal.


   Oat"en (?), a.

   1. Consisting of an oat straw or stem; as, an oaten pipe. Milton.

   2. Made of oatmeal; as, oaten cakes.


   Oath (?), n.; pl. Oaths (#). [OE. othe, oth, ath, AS. \'be; akin to D.
   eed,  OS. \'c7, G. eid, Icel. ei, Sw. ed, Dan. eed, Goth. ai; cf. OIr.

   1. A solemn affirmation or declaration, made with a reverent appeal to
   God  for  the  truth  of  what is affirmed. "I have an oath in heaven"

     An  oath  of secrecy for the concealing of those [inventions] which
     we think fit to keep secret. Bacon.

   2.  A  solemn  affirmation,  connected  with  a  sacred object, or one
   regarded  as  sacred, as the temple, the altar, the blood of Abel, the
   Bible, the Koran, etc.

   3. (Law) An appeal (in verification of a statement made) to a superior
   sanction,  in such a form as exposes the party making the appeal to an
   indictment for perjury if the statement be false.

   4.  A careless and blasphemous use of the name of the divine Being, or
   anything  divine  or  sacred,  by  way  of  appeal  or  as  a  profane
   exclamation  or  ejaculation;  an  expression  of profane swearing. "A
   terrible oath" Shak.


   Oath"a*ble  (?),  a. Capable of having an oath administered to. [Obs.]


   Oath"break`ing (?), n. The violation of an oath; perjury. Shak


   Oat"meal` (?), n.

   1. Meal made of oats. Gay.

   2. (Bot.) A plant of the genus Panicum; panic grass.


   Ob-  (?).  [L.  ob,  prep.  Cf. Epi-.] A prefix signifying to, toward,
   before,  against,  reversely, etc.; also, as a simple intensive; as in
   oblige, to bind to; obstacle, something standing before; object, lit.,
   to   throw   against;  obovate,  reversely,  ovate.  Ob-  is  commonly
   assimilated before c, f, g, and p, to oc-, of-, og-, and op-.


   Ob"com*pressed"  (?).  a.  [Pref.  ob-  +  compressed.]  Compressed or
   flattened antero-posteriorly, or in a way opposite to the usual one.

                              Obconic, Obconical

   Ob*con"ic  (?),  Ob*con"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Pref. ob- + conic, conical.]
   Conical, but having the apex downward; inversely conical.


   Ob*cor"date  (?),  a.  [Pref.  ob-  + cordate.] Heart-shaped, with the
   attachment  at  the  pointed  end; inversely cordate: as, an obcordate
   petal or leaf.


   Ob*dip`lo*stem"o*nous  (?),  a.  [Pref.  ob- + diplostemonous.] (Bot.)
   Having  twice  as many stamens as petals, those of the outer set being
   opposite the petals; -- said of flowers. Gray.


   Ob*dip"lo*stem"o*ny   (?),   n.   (Bot.)   The   condition   of  being


   Ob"dor*mi"tion  (?),  n.  [L. obdormire to fall asleep.] Sleep. [Obs.]
   Bp. Hall.


   Ob*duce"  (?),  v. t. [L. obducere, obductum; ob (see Ob-) + ducere to
   lead.] To draw over, as a covering. [Obs.] Sir M. Hale.


   Ob*duct"  (, v. t. [See Obduce.] To draw over; to cover. [Obs.] Sir T.


   Ob*duc"tion  (?), n. [L.obductio.] .The act of drawing or laying over,
   as a covering. [Obs.]


   Ob"du*ra*cy (?), n. The duality or state of being obdurate; invincible
   hardness of heart; obstinacy. "Obduracy and persistency." Shak.

     The absolute completion of sin in final obduracy. South.


   Ob"du*rate (?), a. [L. obduratus, p. p. of obdurare to harden; ob (see
   Ob-)+ durare to harden, durus hard. See Dure.]

   1.  Hardened in feelings, esp. against moral or mollifying influences;
   unyielding; hard-hearted; stubbornly wicked.

     The very custom of evil makes the heart obdurate against whatsoever
     instructions to the contrary. Hooker.

     Art thou obdurate, flinty, hard as steel, Nay, more than flint, for
     stone at rain relenteth? Shak.

   2.  Hard;  harsh;  rugged;  rough; intractable. "Obdurate consonants."

     NOTE: &hand; So metimes accented on the second syllable, especially
     by the older poets.

     There is no flesh in man's obdurate heart. Cowper.

   Syn.  --  Hard;  firm;  unbending;  inflexible;  unyielding; stubborn;
   obstinate;  impenitent; callous; unfeeling; insensible; unsusceptible.
   --  Obdurate,  Callous,  Hardened.  Callous denotes a deadening of the
   sensibilities;  as.  a  callous conscience. Hardened implies a general
   and  settled disregard for the claims of interest, duty, and sympathy;
   as,  hardened  in  vice.  Obdurate implies an active resistance of the
   heart  and  will  aganst  the pleadings of compassion and humanity. --
   Ob"du*rate*ly (#), adv. -- Ob"du*rate*ness, n.


   Ob"du*rate (?), v. t. To harden. [Obs.]


   Ob"du*ra"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  obduratio.]  A  hardening  of the heart;
   hardness of heart. [Obs.]


   Ob*dure" (?), v. t. To harden. [Obs.] Milton.

                                Obdure, Obdured

   Ob*dure" (?), Ob*dured" (?), a. Obdurate; hard. [Obs.]

     This saw his hapless foes, but stood obdured. Milton.

                          Obdureness, n., Obduredness

   Ob*dure"ness, n., Ob*dur"ed*ness (?), n. Hardness. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Ob"be (?), n. See Obi.


   O*be"ah  (?).  n.  Same as Obi. -- a. Of or pertaining to obi; as, the
   obeah man. B. Edwards.


   O*be"di*ble (?), a. Obedient. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   O*be"di*ence (?), n. [F. ob\'82dience, L. obedientia, oboedientia. See
   Obedient, and cf.Obeisance.]

   1. The act of obeying, or the state of being obedient; compliance with
   that  which is required by authority; subjection to rightful restraint
   or control.

     Government must compel the obedience of individuals. Ames.

   2.  Words  or  actions  denoting submission to authority; dutifulness.

   3.  (Eccl.)  (a)  A  following;  a  body  of  adherents; as, the Roman
   Catholic  obedience,  or  the  whole body of persons who submit to the
   authority  of the pope. (b) A cell (or offshoot of a larger monastery)
   governed  by a prior. (c) One of the three monastic vows. Shipley. (d)
   The written precept of a superior in a religious order or congregation
   to a subject.
   Canonical  obedience.  See  under Canonical. -- Passive obedience. See
   under Passive.


   O*be`di*en"ci*a*ry (?), n. One yielding obedience. [Obs.] Foxe.


   O*be"di*ent  (?),  a.  [OF.  obedient, L. obediens, oboediens, -entis.
   p.pr. of obedire, oboedire, to obey. See Obey.] Subject in will or act
   to  authority;  willing  to obey; submissive to restraint, control, or

     And floating straight, obedient to the stream. Shak.

     The chief his orders gives; the obedient band, With due observance,
     wait the chief's command. Pope.

   Syn. -- Dutiful; respectful; compliant; submissive.


   O*be`di*en"tial (?), a. [Cf. F. ob\'82dientiel.] According to the rule
   of obedience. [R.]

     An obediental subjection to the Lord of Nature. Sir M. Hale.


   O*be"di*ent*ly (?), adv. In an obedient manner; with obedience.


   O*bei"sance (?), n. [F. ob\'82issance obedience, fr. ob\'82issant. See
   Obey, and cf. Obedience, Abaisance.]

   1. Obedience. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2.  A  manifestation  of  obedience;  an  expression  of difference or
   respect; homage; a bow; a courtesy.

     Bathsheba bowed and did obeisance unto the king. 1 Kings i. 16.


   O*bei"san*cy (?), n. See Obeisance. [Obs.]


   O*bei"sant (?), a. [F. ob\'82issant, p.pr. of ob\'82ir to obey.] Ready
   to obey; reverent; differential; also, servilely submissive.


   O*be"li*on  (?),  n.  [NL.,  from  Gr. (Anat.) The region of the skull
   between  the  two  parietal foramina where the closure of the sagittal
   suture usually begins.


   Ob`e*lis"cal (?), a. Formed like an obelisk.


   Ob"e*lisk (?), n. [L. obeliscus, Gr. ob\'82lisque.]

   1.  An upright, four-sided pillar, gradually tapering as it rises, and
   terminating   in   a  pyramid  called  pyramidion.  It  is  ordinarily
   monolithic.  Egyptian  obelisks are commonly covered with hieroglyphic
   writing from top to bottom.

   2.  (Print.)  A  mark of reference; -- called also dagger [&dag;]. See
   Dagger, n., 2.


   Ob"e*lisk,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Obelisked  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Obelisking.] To mark or designate with an obelisk.


   Ob"e*lize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Obelized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Obelizing  (?).] [Gr. Obelus.] To designate with an obelus; to mark as
   doubtful or spirituous. [R.]


   Ob"e*lus  (?),  n.;  pl. Obeli (#). [L., fr. Gr. (Print.) A mark [thus
   --,  or  \'f6];  --  so  called as resembling a needle. In old MSS. or
   editions of the classics, it marks suspected passages or readings.


   Ob*eq"ui*tate  (?),  v. i. [L. obequitatus, p.p. of obequitare to ride
   about.]  To  ride  about.  [Obs.]  --  Ob*eq`ui*ta"tion (#), n. [Obs.]


   Ob"er*on  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  OF. Auberon; prob. of Frankish origin.]
   (Medi\'91val  Mythol.) The king of the fairies, and husband of Titania
   or Queen Mab. Shak.


   Ob`er*ra"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  oberrate  to  wander about.] A wandering
   about. [Obs.] Jonhson.


   O*bese"  (?).  a.  [L.  obesus  eaten away, lean; also, that has eaten
   itself  fat,  fat,  stout,  p.p.  of obedere to devour; ob (see Ob-) +
   edere to eat. See Eat.] Excessively corpulent; fat; fleshy.


   O*bese"ness, n. Quality of being obese; obesity.


   O*bes"i*ty  (?),  n.[L.  obesitas:  cf.F. ob\'82sit\'82.] The state or
   quality of being obese; incumbrance of flesh.


   O*bey"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Obeyed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Obeying.]
   [OE.  obeyen,  F.  ob\'82ir,  fr. L. obedire, oboedire; ob (see Ob-) +
   audire to hear. See Audible, and cf. Obeisance.]

   1. To give ear to; to execute the commands of; to yield submission to;
   to comply with the orders of.

     Children, obey your parents in the Lord. Eph. vi. 1.

     Was she the God, that her thou didst obey? Milton.

   2. To submit to the authority of; to be ruled by.

     My will obeyed his will. Chaucer.

     Afric and India shall his power obey. Dryden.

   3.  To  yield to the impulse, power, or operation of; as, a ship obeys
   her helm.


   O*bey", v. i. To give obedience.

     Will he obey when one commands? Tennyson.

     NOTE: &hand; By  so me ol d writers obey was used, as in the French
     idiom, with the preposition to.

     His servants ye are, to whom ye obey. Rom. vi. 16.

     He  commanded the trumpets to sound: to which the two brave knights
     obeying, they performed their courses. Sir. P. Sidney.


   O*bey"er (?), n. One who yields obedience. Holland.


   O*bey"ing*ly, adv. Obediently; submissively.

                               Obfirm, Obfirmate

   Ob*firm" (?), Ob*firm"ate (?), v. t. [L. obfirmatus, p.p. of obfirmare
   to  make  steadfast. See Ob-, and Firm, v. t.] To make firm; to harden
   in resolution. [Obs.] Bp. Hall. Sheldon.


   Ob"fir*ma"tion  (?), n. [LL. obfirmatio.] Hardness of heart; obduracy.
   [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.


   Ob*fus"cate  (?),  a.  [L. obfuscatus, p.p. of obfuscare to darken; ob
   (see   Ob-)  +  fuscare,  fuscatum,  to  darken,  from  fuscus  dark.]
   Obfuscated;  darkened; obscured. [Obs.] [Written also offuscate.] Sir.
   T. Elyot.


   Ob*fus"cate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Obfuscated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Obfuscating.] To darken; to obscure; to becloud; hence, to confuse; to

     His  head,  like  a  smokejack,  the  funnel unswept, and the ideas
     whirling  round  and round about in it, all obfuscated and darkened
     over with fuliginous matter. Sterne.

     Clouds  of  passion  which might obfuscate the intellects of meaner
     females. Sir. W. Scott.

   Page 990


   Ob`fus*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  obfuscatio.]  The  act  of darkening or
   bewildering; the state of being darkened. "Obfuscation of the cornea."
   E. Darwin.


   O"bi (?), n. [Prob. of African origin.]

   1.  A  species of sorcery, probably of African origin, practiced among
   the  negroes  of  the  West  Indies.  [Written also obe and obeah.] De
   Quincey.  B. Edwards. <-- 2. (Japanese) a belt-like sash worn around a
   woman's kimono -->

   2. A charm or fetich. [West Indies] B. Edwards.


   Ob*im"bri*cate  (?),  a.  [Pref.  ob- + imbricate.] (Bot.) Imbricated,
   with the overlapping ends directed downward.


   O"bit  (?), n. [OF. obit, L. obitus, fr. obire to go against, to go to
   meet, (sc.mortem) to die; ob (see Ob-) + ire to go. See Issue.]

   1. Death; decease; the date of one's death. Wood.

   2. A funeral solemnity or office; obsequies.

   3.  A  service for the soul of a deceased person on the anniversary of
   the day of his death.

     The  emoluments  and  advantages  from  oblations, obits, and other
     sources, increased in value. Milman.

   Post obit [L. post obitum]. See Post-obit.


   Ob"i*ter  (?),  adv.  [L.,  on the way; ob (see Ob-) + iter a going, a
   walk, way.] In passing; incidentally; by the way. Obiter dictum (Law),
   an  incidental  and collateral opinion uttered by a judge. See Dictum,
   n., 2(a).


   O*bit"u*al  (?),  a.  [L. obitus death. See Obit.] Of or pertaining to
   obits, or days when obits are celebrated; as, obitual days. Smart.


   O*bit"u*a*ri*ly (?), adv. In the manner of an obituary.


   O*biy"u*a*ry  (?),  a.  [See Obit.] Of or pertaining to the death of a
   person or persons; as, an obituary notice; obituary poetry.


   O*bit"u*a*ry, n.; pl. Obituaries (#). [Cf. F. obituaire. See Obit.]

   1. That which pertains to, or is called forth by, the obit or death of
   a person; esp., an account of a deceased person; a notice of the death
   of a person, accompanied by a biographical sketch.

   2.  (R.C.Ch.)  A  list  of the dead, or a register of anniversary days
   when service is performed for the dead.


   Ob*ject"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Objected;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Objecting.]  [L.  objectus, p.p. of objicere, obicere, to throw or put
   before,  to  oppose; ob (see Ob-) + jacere to throw: cf. objecter. See
   Jet a shooting forth.]

   1.  To  set  before  or  against; to bring into opposition; to oppose.

     Of less account some knight thereto object, Whose loss so great and
     harmful can not prove. Fairfax.

     Some strong impediment or other objecting itself. Hooker.

     Pallas  to  their  eyes The mist objected, and condensed the skies.

   2. To offer in opposition as a criminal charge or by way of accusation
   or reproach; to adduce as an objection or adverse reason.

     He gave to him to object his heinous crime. Spencer.

     Others object the poverty of the nation. Addison.

     The book ... giveth liberty to object any crime against such as are
     to be ordered. Whitgift.


   Ob*ject",  v.  i.  To make opposition in words or argument; -- usually
   followed by to. Sir. T. More.


   Ob"ject (?), n. [L. objectus. See Object, v. t.]

   1.  That  which is put, or which may be regarded as put, in the way of
   some  of the senses; something visible or tangible; as, he observed an
   object in the distance; all the objects in sight; he touched a strange
   object in the dark.

   2. That which is set, or which may be regarded as set, before the mind
   so as to be apprehended or known; that of which the mind by any of its
   activities  takes  cognizance,  whether a thing external in space or a
   conception  formed  by  the  mind  itself; as, an object of knowledge,
   wonder, fear, thought, study, etc.

     Object  is  a  term  for  that  about  which the knowing subject is
     conversant;  what  the  schoolmen  have  styled  the "materia circa
     quam." Sir. W. Hamilton.

     The object of their bitterest hatred. Macaulay.

   3. That by which the mind, or any of its activities, is directed; that
   on  which  the  purpose are fixed as the end of action or effort; that
   which is sought for; end; aim; motive; final cause.<-- = goal -->

     Object,  beside  its  proper  signification,  came  to be abusively
     applied  to denote motive, end, final cause.... This innovation was
     probably borrowed from the French. Sir. W. Hamilton.

     Let  our object be, our country, our whole country, and nothing but
     our country. D. Webster.

   4. Sight; show; appearance; aspect. [Obs.] Shak.

     He,  advancing  close  Up  to the lake, past all the rest, arose In
     glorious object. Chapman.

   5.  (Gram.)  A  word,  phrase,  or  clause  toward  which an action is
   directed,  or  is  considered  to  be  directed;  as,  the object of a
   transitive verb.
   Object  glass,  the  lens, or system of lenses, placed at the end of a
   telescope, microscope, etc., which is toward the object. Its office is
   to  form an image of the object, which is then viewed by the eyepiece.
   Called  also objective. See Illust. of Microscope. -- Object lesson, a
   lesson  in  which  object  teaching  is  made use of. -- Object staff.
   (Leveling)  Same  as  Leveling  staff. -- Object teaching, a method of
   instruction, in which illustrative objects are employed, each new word
   or  idea  being  accompanied  by  a  representation  of  that which it
   signifies; -- used especially in the kindergarten, for young children.


   Ob*ject"   (?),   a.  [L.  objectus,  p.  p.]  Opposed;  presented  in
   opposition; also, exposed. [Obs.]


   Ob*ject"a*ble (?), a. Such as can be presented in opposition; that may
   be put forward as an objection. [R.]


   Ob*jec"ti*fy  (?), v. t. [Object + -fy.] To cause to become an object;
   to cause to assume the character of an object; to render objective. J.
   D. Morell.


   Ob*jec"tion (?), n. [L. objectio: cf. F. objection.]

   1.  The  act  of  objecting;  as,  to prevent agreement, or action, by
   objection. Johnson.

   2.  That  which  is,  or  may  be, presented in opposition; an adverse
   reason  or argument; a reason for objecting; obstacle; impediment; as,
   I  have  no  objection  to going; unreasonable objections. "Objections
   against every truth." Tyndale.

   3. Cause of trouble; sorrow. [Obs. or R.]

     He  remembers  the  objection  that lies in his bosom, and he sighs
     deeply. Jer. Taylor.

   Syn. -- Exception; difficulty; doubt; scruple.


   Ob*jec"tion*a*ble  (?),  a. Liable to objection; likely to be objected
   to   or   disapproved  of;  offensive;  as,  objectionable  words.  --
   Ob*jec"tion*a*bly, adv.


   Ob"ject*ist  (?),  n.  One  who  adheres  to,  or  is  skilled in, the
   objective philosophy. Ed. Rev.


   Ob*jec"ti*vate (?), v. t. To objectify.


   Ob*jec`ti*va"tion (?), n. Converting into an object.


   Ob*jec"tive (?), a. [Cf.F. objectif.]

   1. Of or pertaining to an object.

   2.  (Metaph.)  Of  or pertaining to an object; contained in, or having
   the nature or position of, an object; outward; external; extrinsic; --
   an  epithet  applied  to whatever ir exterior to the mind, or which is
   simply an object of thought or feeling, and opposed to subjective.

     In  the Middle Ages, subject meant substance, and has this sense in
     Descartes and Spinoza: sometimes, also, in Reid. Subjective is used
     by  William  of  Occam  to  denote that which exists independent of
     mind;  objective,  what  is  formed by the mind. This shows what is
     meant  by  realitas  objectiva  in  Descartes. Kant and Fichte have
     inverted the meanings. Subject, with them, is the mind which knows;
     object,  that which is known; subjective, the varying conditions of
     the  knowing  mind; objective, that which is in the constant nature
     of the thing known. Trendelenburg.

     Objective means that which belongs to, or proceeds from, the object
     known,  and  not from the subject knowing, and thus denotes what is
     real,  in  opposition  to  that  which  is  ideal -- what exists in
     nature,  in  contrast  to  what exists merely in the thought of the
     individual. Sir. W. Hamilton.

     Objective  has come to mean that which has independent exostence or
     authority, apart from our experience or thought. Thus, moral law is
     said  to  have objective authority, that is, authority belonging to
     itself,  and  not  drawn  from  anything  in our nature. Calderwood
     (Fleming's Vocabulary).

   3.  (Gram.)  Pertaining  to,  or designating, the case which follows a
   transitive  verb or a preposition, being that case in which the direct
   object of the verb is placed. See Accusative, n.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ob jective ca se is  fr equently us ed wi thout a
     governing  word,  esp.  in  designations  of time or space, where a
     preposition, as at, in, on, etc., may be supplied.

     My troublous dream [on] this night make me sad. Shak.

     To write of victories [in or for] next year. Hudibras.

   Objective  line  (Perspective),  a line drawn on the geometrical plane
   which  is  represented or sought to be represented. -- Objective plane
   (Perspective),  any plane in the horizontal plane that is represented.
   --  Objective point, the point or result to which the operations of an
   army  are  directed.  By  extension,  the  point  or  purpose to which
   anything, as a journey or an argument, is directed. Syn. -- Objective,
   Subjective.  Objective  is applied to things exterior to the mind, and
   objects  of  its  attention; subjective, to the operations of the mind
   itself.  Hence,  an  objective  motive is some outward thing awakening
   desire;  a  subjective  motive is some internal feeling or propensity.
   Objective views are those governed by outward things; subjective views
   are  produced  or  modified  by  internal  feeling. Sir Walter Scott's
   poetry   is   chiefly  objective;  that  of  Wordsworth  is  eminently

     In  the  philosophy  of  mind,  subjective  denotes  what  is to be
     referred  to  the thinking subject, the ego; objective what belongs
     to the object of thought, the non-ego. Sir. W. Hamilton


   Ob*jec"tive, n.

   1. (Gram.) The objective case.

   2. An object glass. See under Object, n.

   3. Same as Objective point, under Objective, a.


   Ob*jec"tive*ly,  adv.  In  the  manner  or  state  of an object; as, a
   determinate idea objectively in the mind.


   Ob*jec"tive*ness, n. Objectivity.

     Is  there  such a motion or objectiveness of external bodies, which
     produceth light? Sir M. Hale


   Ob`jec*tiv"i*ty (?), n. [Cf.F. objectivit\'82.] The state, quality, or
   relation  of  being  objective;  character  of  the  object  or of the

     The  calm,  the  cheerfulness,  the  disinterested objectivity have
     disappeared [in the life of the Greeks]. M. Arnold.


   Ob"ect*ize (?), v. t. To make an object of; to regard as an object; to
   place in the position of an object.

     In  the latter, as objectized by the former, arise the emotions and
     affections. Coleridge.


   Ob"ject*less, a. Having no object; purposeless.


   Ob*ject"or  (?),  n. [L., an accuser.] One who objects; one who offers
   objections to a proposition or measure.


   Ob*jib"ways (?), n.pl. See Chippeways.


   Ob*jic"i*ent  (?), n. [L. objiciens, p.pr. of objicere to object.] One
   who makes objection; an objector. [R.] Cardinal Wiseman.


   Ob`ju*ra"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  objurare to bind by oath; ob (see Ob-) +
   jurare  to  swear,  fr.  jus  right.]  A  binding  by  oath. [R.] Abp.


   Ob*jur"gate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Objurgated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Objurgating.]  [L.objurgatus, p.p. of objurgare to chide; ob (see Ob-)
   +  jurgare  to  quarrel,  scold,  fr.  jus right, court. See Jury.] To
   chide; to reprove.


   Ob`jur*ga"tion  (?),  n. [L. objurgatio: cf.F.objurgation.] The act of
   objurgating; reproof.

     While the good lady was bestowing this objurgation on Mr.Ben Allen.

     With a strong objurgation of the elbow in his ribs. Landor.


   Ob*jur"ga*to*ry  (?),  a. [L. objurgatorius.] Designed to objurgate or
   chide; containing or expressing reproof; culpatory. Bancroft.

     The objurgatory question of the Pharisees. Paley.


   Ob*lan"ce*o*late  (?),  a. [Pref. ob- + lanceolate.] Lanceolate in the
   reversed order, that is, narrowing toward the point of attachment more
   than toward the apex.


   Ob*late"  (?),  a.  [L.  oblatus,  used  as  p.p.  of offerre to bring
   forward,  offer, dedicate; ob (see Ob-) + latus borne, for tlatus. See

   1.  (Geom.)  Flattened  or depressed at the poles; as, the earth is an
   oblate spheroid.

   2.  Offered  up;  devoted;  consecrated; dedicated; -- used chiefly or
   only in the titles of Roman Catholic orders. See Oblate, n.
   Oblate  ellipsoid  OR  spheroid  (Geom.),  a  solid  generated  by the
   revolution  of  an  ellipse  about  its  minor  axis;  an oblatum. See
   Ellipsoid of revolution, under Ellipsoid.


   Ob*late",  n. [From Oblate, a.] (R.C.Ch.) (a) One of an association of
   priests  or religious women who have offered themselves to the service
   of  the  church. There are three such associations of priests, and one
   of women, called oblates. (b) One of the Oblati.


   Ob*late"ness, n. The quality or state of being oblate.


   Ob*la"ti  (?), n. pl. [LL., fr. L. oblatus. See Oblate.] (R.C.Ch.) (a)
   Children  dedicated  in their early years to the monastic state. (b) A
   class   of  persons,  especially  in  the  Middle  Ages,  who  offered
   themselves and their property to a monastery. Addis & Arnold.


   Ob*la"tion (?), n. [L. oblatio: cf. F. oblation. See Oblate.]

   1. The act of offering, or of making an offering. Locke.

   2.  Anything  offered  or  presented  in worship or sacred service; an
   offering; a sacrifice.

     A peculiar ... oblation given to God. Jer. Taylor.

     A pin was the usual oblation. Sir. W. Scott.

   3. A gift or contribution made to a church, as for the expenses of the
   eucharist, or for the support of the clergy and the poor.


   Ob*la"tion*er  (?),  n. One who makes an offering as an act worship or
   reverence. Dr. H. More.


   Ob*la"trate  (?),  v.  i.  [L.  oblatratus,  p.p. of oblatrare to bark
   against.] To bark or snarl, as a dog. [Obs.]


   Ob`la*tra"tion  (?), n. The act of oblatrating; a barking or snarling.
   Bp. Hall.


   Ob*la"tum (?), n.; pl. Oblata (#). [NL. See Oblate.] (Geom.) An oblate
   spheroid; a figure described by the revolution of an ellipse about its
   minor axis. Cf. Oblongum.


   Ob*lec"tate (?), v. t. [L. oblectatus, p.p. of oblectare.] To delight;
   to please greatly. [Obs.]


   Ob"lec*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L. oblectatio.] The act of pleasing highly;
   the state of being greatly pleased; delight. [R.] Feltham.


   Ob"li*ga*ble  (?),  a.  Acknowledging,  or complying with, obligation;
   trustworthy. [R.]

     The  main  difference  between people seems to be, that one man can
     come  under obligations on which you can rely, -- is obligable; and
     another is not. Emerson.


   Ob"li*gate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Obligated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Obligating.] [L. obligatus, p.p. of obligare. See Oblige.]

   1.  To  bring  or place under obligation, moral or legal; to hold by a
   constraining motive. "Obligated by a sense of duty." Proudfit.

     That's  your  true  plan  --  to  obligate The present ministers of
     state. Churchill.

   2.  To bind or firmly hold to an act; to compel; to constrain; to bind
   to any act of duty or courtesy by a formal pledge.

     That  they  may  not  incline  or be obligated to any vile or lowly
     occupations. Landor.


   Ob"li*ga"tion (?), n. [F. obligation. L. obligatio. See Oblige.]

   1. The act of obligating.

   2. That which obligates or constrains; the binding power of a promise,
   contract,  oath,  or  vow,  or of law; that which constitutes legal or
   moral duty.

     A tender conscience is a stronger obligation than a proson. Fuller.

   3.  Any  act by which a person becomes bound to do something to or for
   anouther,  or  to  forbear  something; external duties imposed by law,
   promise,  or  contract,  by  the relations of society, or by courtesy,
   kindness, etc.

     Every  man  has  obligations  which  belong  to his station. Duties
     extend  beyond  obligation, and direct the affections, desires, and
     intentions, as well as the actions. Whewell.

   4.  The state of being obligated or bound; the state of being indebted
   for an act of favor or kindness; as, to place others under obligations
   to one.

   5.  (Law)  A  bond  with  a  condition  annexed,  and  a  penalty  for
   nonfulfillment.  In  a larger sense, it is an acknowledgment of a duty
   to pay a certain sum or do a certain things.
   Days of obligation. See under Day.


   Ob"li*ga"to (?), a. [It.] See Obbligato.


   Ob"li*ga*to*ri*ly  (?),  adv.  In  an  obligatory manner; by reason of
   obligation. Foxe.


   Ob"li*ga*to*ri*ness, n. The quality or state of being obligatory.


   Ob"li*ga*to*ry  (?),  a. [L. obligatorius: cf.F. obligatoire.] Binding
   in   law   or  conscience;  imposing  duty  or  obligation;  requiring
   performance  or  forbearance  of  some act; -- often followed by on or
   upon; as, obedience is obligatory on a soldier.

     As  long  as  the  law is obligatory, so long our obedience is due.
     Jer. Taylor.


   O*blige"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Obliged (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Obliging  (?).]  [OF. obligier, F.obliger, L. obligare; ob (see Ob-) +
   ligare to bind. See Ligament, and cf. Obligate.]

   1. To attach, as by a bond. [Obs.]

     He  had obliged all the senators and magistrates firmly to himself.

   2.  To  constrain  by  physical,  moral,  or legal force; to put under
   obligation to do or forbear something.

     The  obliging  power  of  the  law is neither founded in, nor to be
     measured by, the rewards and punishments annexed to it. South.

     Religion obliges men to the practice of those virtues which conduce
     to the preservation of our health. Tillotson.

   3. To bind by some favor rendered; to place under a debt; hence, to do
   a favor to; to please; to gratify; to accommodate.

     Thus  man, by his own strength, to heaven would soar, And would not
     be obliged to God for more. Dryden.

     The  gates  before it are brass, and the whole much obliged to Pope
     Urban VIII. Evelyn.

     I shall be more obliged to you than I can express. Mrs. E. Montagu.

   Page 991


   Ob"li*gee"  (?),  n.  [F. oblig\'82, p.p. of obliger. See Oblige.] The
   person  to  whom  another  is  bound,  or the person to whom a bond is
   given. Blackstone.


   O*blige"ment (?), n. Obligation. [R.]

     I  will  not resist, therefore, whatever it is, either of divine or
     human obligement, that you lay upon me. Milton.


   O*bli"ger (?), n. One who, or that which, obliges. Sir H. Wotton.


   O*bli"ging,  a.  Putting  under  obligation;  disposed to oblige or do
   favors; hence, helpful; civil; kind.

     Mons.Strozzi  has  many  curiosities,  and  is  very  obliging to a
     stranger who desires the sight of them. Addison.

   Syn.  --  Civil;  complaisant;  courteous;  kind,  --  Obliging, Kind,
   Complaisant.  One  is  kind  who  desires  to see others happy; one is
   complaisant  who  endeavors  to  make them so in social intercourse by
   attentions  calculated  to  please;  one who is obliging performs some
   actual  service,  or  has  the disposition to do so. -- O*bli"ging*ly.
   adv. -- O*bli"ging*ness, n.


   Ob`li*gor"  (?), n. The person who binds himself, or gives his bond to
   another. Blackstone.


   Ob`li*qua"tion   (?),   n.  [L.  obliquatio,  fr.  obliquare  to  turn
   obliquely. See Oblique.]

   1.  The act of becoming oblique; a turning to one side; obliquity; as,
   the obliquation of the eyes. [R.] Sir T. Browne.

   2. Deviation from moral rectitude. [R.]


   Ob*lique" (?), a. [F., fr. L. obliquus; ob (see Ob-) + liquis oblique;
   cf. licinus bent upward, Gr [Written also oblike.]

   1.  Not  erect  or  perpendicular;  neither  parallel to, nor at right
   angles from, the base; slanting; inclined.

     It has a direction oblique to that of the former motion. Cheyne.

   2.   Not  straightforward;  indirect;  obscure;  hence,  disingenuous;
   underhand; perverse; sinister.

     The  love  we  bear our friends... Hath in it certain oblique ends.

     This mode of oblique research, when a more direct one is denied, we
     find to be the only one in our power. De Quincey.

     Then  would  be  closed  the  restless, oblique eye. That looks for
     evil, like a treacherous spy. Wordworth.

   3.  Not  direct  in descent; not following the line of father and son;

     His  natural  affection  in a direct line was strong, in an oblique
     but weak. Baker.

   Oblique angle, Oblique ascension, etc. See under Angle,Ascension, etc.
   --  Oblique  arch (Arch.), an arch whose jambs are not at right angles
   with  the face, and whose intrados is in consequence askew. -- Oblique
   bridge,  a  skew bridge. See under Bridge, n. -- Oblique case (Gram.),
   any  case  except  the  nominative.  See  Case,  n.  -- Oblique circle
   (Projection),  a  circle  whose  plane  is  oblique to the axis of the
   primitive plane. -- Oblique fire (Mil.), a fire the direction of which
   is  not  perpendicular to the line fired at. -- Oblique flank (Fort.),
   that  part  of the curtain whence the fire of the opposite bastion may
   be  discovered. Wilhelm. -- Oblique leaf. (Bot.) (a) A leaf twisted or
   inclined  from  the  normal  position.  (b)  A  leaf  having  one half
   different  from  the  other.  --  Oblique  line  (Geom.), a line that,
   meeting  or  tending to meet another, makes oblique angles with it. --
   Oblique  motion  (Mus.),  a kind of motion or progression in which one
   part ascends or descends, while the other prolongs or repeats the same
   tone, as in the accompanying example.<-- illustr. of oblique motion, 1
   bar  4/4 --> -- Oblique muscle (Anat.), a muscle acting in a direction
   oblique to the mesial plane of the body, or to the associated muscles;
   --  applied  especially  to  two  muscles  of  the eyeball. -- Oblique
   narration.  See  Oblique  speech.  -- Oblique planes (Dialing), planes
   which  decline  from  the  zenith,  or  incline toward the horizon. --
   Oblique  sailing  (Naut.),  the movement of a ship when she sails upon
   some  rhumb  between the four cardinal points, making an oblique angle
   with  the  meridian. -- Oblique speech (Rhet.), speech which is quoted
   indirectly,  or  in  a  different  person  from  that  employed by the
   original  speaker.  -- Oblique sphere (Astron. & Geog.), the celestial
   or  terrestrial  sphere when its axis is oblique to the horizon of the
   place;  or  as  it  appears  to  an observer at any point on the earth
   except  the  poles  and the equator. -- Oblique step (Mil.), a step in
   marching,  by  which  the  soldier,  while  advancing, gradually takes
   ground  to  the  right or left at an angle of about 25. It is not now
   practiced. Wilhelm. -- Oblique system of co\'94rdinates (Anal. Geom.),
   a system in which the co\'94rdinate axes are oblique to each other.


   Ob*lique", n. (Geom.) An oblique line.


   Ob*lique",  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Obliqued  (?)  p.  pr.  & vb. n.

   1.  To  deviate  from  a  perpendicular  line;  to  move in an oblique

     Projecting  his person towards it in a line which obliqued from the
     bottom of his spine. Sir. W. Scott.

   2. (Mil.) To march in a direction oblique to the line of the column or
   platoon;  --  formerly  accomplished  by  oblique steps, now by direct
   steps, the men half-facing either to the right or left.


   Ob*lique"-an`gled (?), a. Having oblique angles; as, an oblique-angled


   Ob*lique"ly,  adv.  In  an  oblique  manner; not directly; indirectly.
   "Truth obliquely leveled." Bp. Fell.

     Declining  from  the  noon  of  day,  The  sun obliquely shoots his
     burning ray. Pope

     His  discourse  tends  obliquely  to  the  detracting  from others.


   Ob*lique"ness, n. Quality or state of being oblique.


   Ob*liq"ui*ty,   n.;  pl.  Obliquities  (#).  [L.  obliquitas:  cf.  F.

   1.  The  condition  of  being  oblique;  deviation  from a right line;
   deviation  from  parallelism  or  perpendicularity; the amount of such
   deviation;  divergence;  as,  the  obliquity  of  the  ecliptic to the

   2.  Deviation  from ordinary rules; irregularity; deviation from moral

     To disobey [God]...imports a moral obliquity. South.


   Ob"lite (?), a. [L. oblitus, p.p. pf oblinere to besmear.] Indistinct;
   slurred over. [Obs.] "Obscure and oblite mention." Fuller.


   Ob*lit"er*ate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Obliterated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Obliterating.]  [L. obliteratus, p.p. of obliterare to obliterate;
   ob (see Ob-) + litera, littera, letter. See Letter.]

   1.  To  erase  or  blot out; to efface; to render undecipherable, as a

   2.  To  wear out; to remove or destroy utterly by any means; to render
   imperceptible; as. to obliterate ideas; to obliterate the monuments of

     The harsh and bitter feelings of this or that experience are slowly
     obliterated. W. Black.


   Ob*lit"er*ate  (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Scarcely distinct; -- applied to the
   markings of insects.


   Ob*lit`er*a"tion  (?), n. [L. obliteratio: cf.F. oblit\'82ration.] The
   act  of  obliterating,  or the state of being obliterated; extinction.
   Sir. M. Hale.


   Ob*lit"er*a*tive (?), a. Tending or serving to obliterate.


   Ob*liv"i*on  (?), n. [L. oblivio, akin to oblivisci to forget: cf. OF.

   1.  The  act of forgetting, or the state of being forgotten; cessation
   of remembrance; forgetfulness.

     Second childishness and mere oblivion. Shak.

     Among our crimes oblivion may be set. Dryden

     The  origin  of  our  city  will  be buried in eternal oblivion. W.

   2.  Official  ignoring of offenses; amnesty, or general pardon; as, an
   act of oblivion. Sir J. Davies. Syn. -- See Forgetfulness.


   Ob*liv"i*ous (?), a. [L.obliviosus: cf.F. oblivieux.]

   1.  Promoting  oblivion;  causing forgetfulness. "The oblivious pool."

     She lay in deep, oblivious slumber. Longfellow.

   2. Evincing oblivion; forgetful.

     Through are both weak in body and oblivious. Latimer.

   -- Obliv"i*ous*ly, adv. -- Ob*liv"i*ous*ness, n. Foxe.


   Ob*loc"u*tor   (?),   n.   [L.  oblocutor,  obloquutor,  fr.  obloqui,
   oblocutus,  to  speak  against;  ob  (see  Ob-)  + loqui to speak. See
   Loquacious.] A disputer; a gainsayer. [Obs.] Bale.


   Ob"long  (?),  a.  [L.  oblongus;  ob  (see Ob-) + longus long: cf. F.
   oblong.] Having greater length than breadth, esp. when rectangular.


   Ob"long,  n.  A rectangular figure longer than it is broad; hence, any
   figure longer than it is broad.

     The  best figure of a garden I esteem an oblong upon a descent. Sir
     W. Temple.


   Ob`lon*ga"ta  (?),  n.  [NL.]  (Anat.)  The  medulla  oblongata. B. G.


   Ob"lon*ga"tal  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to the medulla oblongata;


   Ob"long*ish (?), a. Somewhat oblong.


   Ob"long*ly, adv. In an oblong form.


   Ob"long*ness, n. State or quality of being oblong.


   Ob"long-o"vate  (?),  a. Between oblong and ovate, but inclined to the


   Ob*lon"gum  (?),  n.;  pl.  Oblonga  (#).  [NL. See Oblong.] (Geom.) A
   prolate  spheroid;  a figure described by the revolution of an ellipse
   about  its greater axis. Cf. Oblatum, and see Ellipsoid of revolution,
   under Ellipsoid.


   Ob*lo"qui*ous (?), a. Containing obloquy; reproachful [R.] Naunton.


   Ob"lo*quy (?), n. [L. obloquium, fr. obloqui. See Oblocutor.]

   1.   Censorious  speech;  defamatory  language;  language  that  casts
   contempt on men or their actions; blame; reprehension.

     Shall names that made yuor city the glory of the earth be mentioned
     with obloquy and detraction? Addison.

   2.  Cause of reproach; disgrace. [Obs.] Shak. Syn. -- Reproach; odium;
   censure;    contumely;   gainsaying;   reviling;   calumny;   slander;


   Ob`luc*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  oblictutio,  fr.  obluctari to struggle
   against.] A struggle against; resistance; opposition. [Obs.] Fotherby.


   Ob`mu*tes"cence (?), n. [L. obmutescens, p.pr of obmutescere to become
   dumb; ob (see Ob-) + mutescere to grow dumb, fr. mutus dumb.]

   1. A becoming dumb; loss of speech. Sir T. Browne.

   2. A keeping silent or mute. Paley.


   Ob*nox"lous  (?),  a. [L. obnoxius; ob (see Ob-) + noxius hurtful. See

   1. Subject; liable; exposed; answerable; amenable; -- with to.

     The  writings  of  lawyers,  which  are  tied  obnoxious  to  their
     particular laws. Bacon.

     Esteeming  it  more  honorable  to  live  on  the public than to be
     obnoxious to any private purse. Milton.

     Obnoxious, first or last, To basest things Milton.

   2.   Liable   to   censure;   exposed  to  punishment;  reprehensible;
   blameworthy.  "The  contrived  and  interested schemes of ...obnoxious
   authors." Bp. Fell.

     All are obnoxious, and this faulty land, Like fainting Hester, does
     before you stand Watching your scepter. Waller.

   3.  Offensive; odious; hateful; as, an obnoxious statesman; a minister
   obnoxious   to   the   Whigs.   Burke.   --  Ob*nox"ious*ly,  adv.  --
   Ob*nox"ious*ness, n. South.


   Ob*nu"bi*late  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  obnubilatus,  p.p.  of obnubilare to
   obscure.  See Ob-, and Nubilate.] To cloud; to obscure. [Obs.] Burton.
   -- Ob*nu"bi*la"tion (#), n. [Obs.] Beddoes.


   O"boe  (?),  n. [It., fr. F. hautbois. See Hautboy.] (Mus.) One of the
   higher  wind  instruments  in  the  modern  orchestra,  yet  of  great
   antiquity,  having  a  penetrating  pastoral quality of tone, somewhat
   like the clarinet in form, but more slender, and sounded by means of a
   double  reed;  a  hautboy. Oboe d'amore [It., lit., oboe of love], and
   Oboe  di  caccia [It., lit., oboe of the chase], are names of obsolete
   modifications  of  the  oboe,  often  found  in the scores of Bach and


   O"bo*ist (?), n. A performer on the oboe.


   Ob"o*la*ry   (?),  a.  [See  Obolus.]  Possessing  only  small  coins;
   impoverished. [R.] Lamb.


   Ob"ole  (?),  n.  [Cf.F.  obole. See Obolus.] (Old Pharm.) A weight of
   twelve  grains;  or,  according  to  some,  of  ten  grains, or half a
   scruple. [Written also obol.]


   Ob"o*lize (?), v. t. See Obelize.


   Ob"o*lo  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Obolus.]  A  copper  coin, used in the Ionian
   Islands, about one cent in value.


   Ob"o*lus  (?), n.;pl. Oboli (#). [L., fr Gr. ( (Gr.Antiq.) (a) A small
   silver  coin of Athens, the sixth part of a drachma, about three cents
   in value. (b) An ancient weight, the sixth part of a drachm.


   Ob`o*me"goid  (?),  a.  [Pref.  ob-  +  omegoid.] (Zo\'94l.) Obversely


   Ob*o"val (?), a. [Pref. ob- + oval.] Obovate.


   Ob*o"vate  (?).  a. [Pref. ob- + ovate.] (Bot.) Inversely ovate; ovate
   with the narrow end downward; as, an obovate leaf.


   Ob*rep"tion  (?), n. [L. obreptio, fr. obrepere, obreptum, to creep up
   to; ob (see Ob-) + repere to creep.]

   1.  The  act  of  creeping  upon  with  secrecy or by surprise. [Obs.]

   2.  (Scots  Law)  The obtaining gifts of escheat by fraud or surprise.


   Ob`rep*ti"tious  (?),  a.  [L.  obreptitus.  See  Obreption.]  Done or
   obtained  by  surprise;  with secrecy, or by concealment of the truth.
   [R.] Cotgrave.


   Ob"ro*gate (?), v. t. [L. obrogatus, p.p. of obrogare to obrogate.] To
   annul  indirectly  by  enacting  a new and contrary law, instead of by
   expressly abrogating or repealing the old one. [Obs.] Bailey.


   Ob"rok  (?),  n.  [Russ.  obrok'.]  (a) A rent. (b) A poll tax paid by
   peasants absent from their lord's estate. [Russia] Brande & C.


   Ob*scene"  (?),  a/  [L.  obscenus, obscaenus, obscoenus, ill looking,
   filthy, obscene: cf. F. obsc\'82ne.]

   1.  Offensive  to chastity or modesty; expressing of presenting to the
   mind  or  view something which delicacy, purity, and decency forbid to
   be exposed; impure; as, obscene language; obscene pictures.

     Words  that  were  once  chaste,  by  frequent use grew obscene and
     uncleanly. I. Watts.

   2. Foul; fifthy; disgusting. <-- 2 illegible chars; "bands"? -->

     A girdle foul with grease bobscene attire. Dryden.

   3. Inauspicious; ill-omened. [R.] [A Latinism]

     At  the  cheerful light, The groaning ghosts and birds obscene take
     flight. Dryden.

   Syn.  --  Impure;  immodest; indecent; unchaste; lewd. -- Ob*scene"ly,
   adv. -- Ob*scene"ness, n.


   Ob*scen"i*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Obscenities  (#).  [L. obscentias: cf.F.
   obsc\'82nit\'82.]  That quality in words or things which presents what
   is  offensive to chasity or purity of mind; obscene or impure lanquage
   or acts; moral impurity; lewdness; obsceneness; as, the obscenity of a
   speech, or a picture.

     Mr.Cowley  asserts  plainly,  that  obscenity  has no place in wit.

     No pardon vile obscenity should find. Pope.


   Ob*scur"ant (?), n. [L. obscurans, p.pr. of obscurare to obscure.] One
   who  obscures;  one who prevents enlightenment or hinders the progress
   of knowledge and wisdom. Coleridge.


   Ob*scur"ant*ism   (?),   n.  The  system  or  the  principles  of  the
   obscurants. C. Kingsley.


   Ob*scur"ant*ist, n. Same as Obscurant. Ed. Rev.


   Ob`scu*ra"tion (?), n. [L. obscurativ: cf.F. obscuration. See Obscure,
   v.  t.  ]  The  act  or  operation  of  obscuring;  the state of being
   obscured;  as,  the  obscuration  of  the  moon  in an eclipse. Sir J.


   Ob*scure"  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Obscurer  (?);  superl. Obscurest.] [L.
   obscurus,  orig., covered; ob- (see Ob-) + a root probably meaning, to
   cover; cf. L. scutum shield, Skr. sku to cover: cf.F. obscur. Cf.Sky.]

   1.  Covered over, shaded, or darkened; destitute of light; imperfectly
   illuminated; dusky; dim.

     His lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness. Prov. xx. 20.

   2.  Of or pertaining to darkness or night; inconspicuous to the sight;
   indistinctly   seen;   hidden;   retired;   remote  from  observation;

     The obscure bird Clamored the livelong night. Shak.

     The obscure corners of the earth. Sir J. Davies.

   3.  Not  noticeable;  humble; mean. "O base and obscure vulgar." Shak.
   "An obscure person." Atterbury.

   4. Not easily understood; not clear or legible; abstruse or blind; as,
   an obscure passage or inscription.

   5.  Not  clear,  full, or distinct; clouded; imperfect; as, an obscure
   view of remote objects.
   Obscure rays (Opt.), those rays which are not luminous or visible, and
   which  in  the  spectrum are beyond the limits of the visible portion.
   Syn.   --  Dark;  dim;  darksome;  dusky;  shadowy;  misty;  abstruse;
   intricate; difficult; mysterious; retired; unnoticed; unknown; humble;
   mean; indistinct.


   Ob*scure",  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Obscured  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Obscuring.]  [L.  obscurare,  fr.  obscurus:  cf.  OF.  obscurer.  See
   Obscure, a.] To render obscure; to darken; to make dim; to keep in the
   dark;  to hide; to make less visible, intelligible, legible, glorious,
   beautiful, or illustrious.

     They  are  all  couched in a pit hard by Herne's oak, with obscured
     lights. Shak.

     Why,  't is an office of discovery, love, And I should be obscured.

     There is scarce any duty which has been so obscured by the writings
     of learned men as this. Wake.

     And seest not sin obscures thy godlike frame? Dryden.

   Page 992


   Ob*scure"  (?),  v.  i.  To conceal one's self; to hide; to keep dark.

     How! There's bad news. I must obscure, and hear it. Beau. & Fl.


   Ob*scure", n. Obscurity. [Obs.] Milton.


   Ob*scure"ly, adv. In an obscure manner. Milton.


   Ob*scure"ment  (?),  n.  The  act  of obscuring, or the state of being
   obscured; obscuration. Pomfret.


   Ob*scure"ness, n. Obscurity. Bp. Hall.


   Ob*scur"er (?), n. One who, or that which, obscures.


   Ob*scu"ri*ty (?), n. [L. obscuritas: cf. F. obscurit\'82.] The quality
   or  state  of  being  obscure;  darkness;  privacy; inconspicuousness;
   unintelligibleness; uncertainty.

     Yuo are not for obscurity designed. Dryden.

     They  were  now brought forth from obscurity, to be contemplated by
     artists with admiration and despair. Macaulay.

   Syn. -- Darkness; dimness; gloom. See Darkness.


   Ob"se*crate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Obsecrated (?); p. pr. & vb, n.
   Obsecrating.]  [L.  obsecratus,  p.p.  of  obsecrare, prop., to ask on
   religious  grounds;  ob (see Ob-) + sacrare to declare as sacred, from
   sacer sacred.] To beseech; to supplicate; to implore. [R.]. Cockerman.


   Ob"se*cra"tion (?), n. [L. obsecratio: cf. F. obsecration.]

   1.  The  act  of obsecrating or imploring; as, the obsecrations of the
   Litany,  being  those  clauses  beginning with "By." Bp. Stillingfeet.

   2.  (Rhet.)  A  figure  of  speech  in  which  the orator implores the
   assistance of God or man.


   Ob"se*cra*to*ry   (?),   a.   Expressing,   or   used   in,  entreaty;
   supplicatory. [R.] Bp. Hall.


   Ob"se*quent  (?),  a.  [L. obsequens, p.pr. of obsequi; ob (see Ob-) +
   sequi.   See   Sequence.]  Obedient;  submissive;  obsequious.  [Obs.]


   Ob*se"qui*ence (?), n. Obsequiousness. [R.]


   Ob"se*quies (?), n.pl. See Obsequy.


   Ob*se"qui*ous  (?),  a.  [L.obsequiosus, fr. obsequium compliance, fr.
   obsequi,  fr.  obsequi:  cf.  F. obs\'82quieux, See Obsequent, and cf.

   1.   Promptly  obedient,  or  submissive,  to  the  will  of  another;
   compliant; yielding to the desires of another; devoted. [Obs.]

     His  servants  weeping,  Obsequious to his orders, bear him hither.

   2.  Servilely  or  meanly  attentive;  compliant  to excess; cringing;
   fawning; as, obsequious flatterer, parasite.

     There  lies  ever  in  "obsequious"  at the present the sense of an
     observance  which  is  overdone, of an unmanly readiness to fall in
     with the will of another. Trench.

   3. [See Obsequy.] Of or pertaining to obsequies; funereal. [R.] "To do
   obsequious  sorrow."  Shak.  Syn. -- Compliant; obedient; servile. See


   Ob*se"qui*ous*ly, adv.

   1. In an obsequious manner; compliantly; fawningly. Dryden.

   2. In a manner appropriate to obsequies. [Obs.]

     Whilst  I a while obsequiously lament The untimely fall of virtuous
     Lancaster. Shak.


   Ob*se"qui*ous*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being obsequious.


   Ob"se*quy  (?),  n.;  pl.  Obsequies  (#). [L. obsequiae, pl., funeral
   rites,   fr.  obsequi:  cf.F.  obs\'8aques.  See  Obsequent,  and  cf.

   1.  The  last  duty  or service to a person, rendered after his death;
   hence,  a  rite  or ceremony pertaining to burial; -- now used only in
   the plural. Spencer.

     I  will...fetch him hence, and solemnly attend, With silent obsequy
     and funeral train. Milton

     I will myself Be the chief mourner at his obsequies. Dryden.

     The  funeral obsequies were decently and privately performed by his
     family J. P. Mahaffy.

   2. Obsequiousness. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Ob*serv"a*ble  (?),  a. [L. observabilis: cf.F. observable.] Worthy or
   capable  of  being observed; discernible; noticeable; remarkable. Sir.
   T. Browne.

     The difference is sufficiently observable. Southey.

   -- Ob*serv"a*ble*ness, n. -- Ob*serv"a*bly, adv.


   Ob*serv"ance (?), n. [F.observance, L. observantia. See Observant.]

   1.  The  act  or  practice  of observing or noticing with attention; a
   heeding  or keeping with care; performance; -- usually with a sense of
   strictness and fidelity; as, the observance of the Sabbath is general;
   the strict observance of duties.

     It  is  a  custom  More  honored in the breach than the observance.

   2.  An act, ceremony, or rite, as of worship or respect; especially, a
   customary  act  or service of attention; a form; a practice; a rite; a

     At dances These young folk kept their observances. Chaucer.

     Use all the observance of civility. Shak.

     Some represent to themselves the whole of religion as consisting in
     a few easy observances. Rogers.

     O  I  that  wasted time to tend upon her, To compass her with sweet
     observances! Tennyson.

   3. Servile attention; sycophancy. [Obs.]

     Salads  and  flesh,  such  as  their  haste  could get, Served with
     observance. Chapman.

     This is not atheism, But court observance. Beau. & Fl.

   Syn.  -- Observance, Observation. These words are discriminated by the
   two distinct senses of observe. To observe means (1) to keep strictly;
   as,  to  observe a fast day, and hence, observance denotes the keeping
   or heeding with strictness; (2) to consider attentively, or to remark;
   and  hence,  observation  denotes either the act of observing, or some
   remark  made  as  the result thereof. We do not say the observation of
   Sunday,  though  the  word  was  formerly  so used. The Pharisees were
   curious  in  external  observances;  the  astronomers  are  curious in
   celestial observations.

     Love  rigid  honesty,  And  strict  observance  of  impartial laws.


   Ob*serv"an*cy (?), n. Observance. [Obs.]


   Ob*ser`van"dum  (?),  n.;  pl.  Observanda  (#).  [L.]  A  thing to be
   observed. Swift.


   Ob*serv"ant (?), a. [L. observans, -anits, p. pr. of observare: cf. F.
   observant. See Observe.]

   1.   Taking   notice;   viewing  or  noticing  attentively;  watchful;
   attentive; as, an observant spectator; observant habits.

     Wandering from clime to clime observant stray'd. Pope.

   2.  Submissively  attentive;  obediently watchful; regardful; mindful;
   obedient (to); -- with of, as, to be observant of rules.

     We  are  told  how observant Alexander was of his master Aristotle.
     Sir K. Digby.


   Ob*serv"ant, n.

   1. One who observes forms and rules. [Obs.] Hooker.

   2. A sycophantic servant. [Obs.]

     Silly ducking observants, That stretch their duties nicely. Shak.

   3. (R.C.Ch.) An Observantine.


   Ob`ser*van"tine  (?),  n. [Fr. observantin.] (R.C.Ch.) One of a branch
   of  the Order of Franciscans, who profess to adhere more strictly than
   the  Conventuals  to  the  intention  of the founder, especially as to
   poverty; -- called also Observants.


   Ob*serv"ant*ly, adv. In an observant manner.


   Ob`ser*va"tion (?), n. [L. observatio: cf.F. observation.]

   1.  The  act  or the faculty of observing or taking notice; the act of
   seeing, or of fixing the mind upon, anything.

     My observation, which very seldom lies. Shak.

   2.  The  result of an act, or of acts, of observing; view; reflection;
   conclusion; judgment.

     In  matters of human prudence, we shall find the greatest advantage
     in making wise observations on our conduct. I. Watts.

   3.  Hence:  An  expression of an opinion or judgment upon what one has
   observed; a remark. "That's a foolish observation." Shak.

     To  observations  which  ourselves we make We grow more partial for
     the observer's sake. Pope.

   4.   Performance   of  what  is  prescribed;  adherence  in  practice;
   observance. [Obs.]

     We  are to procure dispensation or leave to omit the observation of
     it in such circumstances. Jer. Taylor.

   5.  (Science)  (a)  The  act  of  recognizing  and noting some fact or
   occurrence  in  nature, as an aurora, a corona, or the structure of an
   animal.   (b)  Specifically,  the  act  of  measuring,  with  suitable
   instruments,  some  magnitude,  as  the time of an occultation, with a
   clock;  the  right  ascension of a star, with a transit instrument and
   clock;  the  sun's  altitude, or the distance of the moon from a star,
   with  a  sextant;  the  temperature,  with a thermometer, etc. (c) The
   information so acquired.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh en a  ph enomenon is  sc rutinized as  it occurs in
     nature, the act is termed an observation. When the conditions under
     which  the phenomenon occurs are artificial, or arranged beforehand
     by  the  observer,  the process is called an experiment. Experiment
     includes observation.

   To  take  an  observation  (Naut.),  to  ascertain  the  altitude of a
   heavenly  body, with a view to fixing a vessel's position at sea. Syn.
   --   Observance;   notice;   attention;  remark;  comment;  note.  See


   Ob`ser*va"tion*al  (?),  a. Of a pertaining to observation; consisting
   of, or containing, observations. Chalmers.


   Ob*serv"a*tive (?), a. Observing; watchful.


   Ob"ser*va`tor (?), n. [L.]

   1. One who observes or takes notice. [Obs.] Sir M. Hale.

   2. One who makes a remark. [Obs.] Dryden.


   Ob*serv"a*to*ry (?), n.; pl. Observatories (#). [Cf. F. observatoire.]

   1. A place or building for making observations on the heavenly bodies.

     The new observatory in Greenwich Park. Evelyn.

   2.   A   building   fitted  with  instruments  for  making  systematic
   observations of any particular class or series of natural phenomena.

   3.  A place, as an elevated chamber, from which a view may be observed
   or commanded.

   4. (Mil.) A lookout on a flank of a battery whence an officer can note
   the range and effect of the fire. Farrow.


   Ob*serve"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Observed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Observing.]  [L.observare, observatum; ob (see Ob-) + servare to save,
   preserve, keep, heed, observe: cf.F. observer. See Serve.]

   1.  To  take notice of by appropriate conduct; to conform one's action
   or  practice  to;  to  keep;  to heed; to obey; to comply with; as, to
   observe rules or commands; to observe civility.

     Ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread. Ex. xii. 17.

     He wolde no such cursedness observe. Chaucer.

     Must I budge? Must I observe you? Shak.

     With  solemn  purpose  to  observe  Immutably  his  sovereign will.

   2.  To be on the watch respecting; to pay attention to; to notice with
   care;  to see; to perceive; to discover; as, to observe an eclipse; to
   observe  the  color or fashion of a dress; to observe the movements of
   an army.

   3.  To  express as what has been noticed; to utter as a remark; to say
   in a casual or incidental way; to remark.


   Ob*serve", v. i.

   1.  To  take  notice;  to give attention to what one sees or hears; to

   2.  To  make a remark; to comment; -- generally with on or upon. <-- =
   to make an observation -->

     I have barely quoted... without observing upon it. Pope.

   Syn. -- To remark. See Remark.


   Ob*serv"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who observes, or pays attention to, anything; especially, one
   engaged  in, or trained to habits of, close and exact observation; as,
   an astronomical observer.

     The observed of all observers. Shak.

     Careful  observers  may foretell the hour, By sure prognostic, when
     to dread a shower. Swift.

   2.  One  who  keeps  any  law, custom, regulation, rite, etc.; one who
   conforms to anything in practice. "Diligent observers of old customs."

     These... hearkend unto observers of times. Deut. xviii. 14.

   3. One who fulfills or performs; as, an observer of his promises.

   4. A sycophantic follower. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Ob*serv"er*ship (?), n. The office or work of an observer.


   Ob*serv"ing,  a.  Giving particular attention; habitually attentive to
   what  passes;  as,  an  observing  person;  an  observing  mind.<--  =
   observant --> -- Ob*serv"ing*ly, adv.


   Ob*sess" (?), v. t. [L. obsessus, p.p. of obsidere to besiege; ob (see
   Ob-) + sedere to sit.] To besiege; to beset. Sir T. Elyot.


   Ob*ses"sion (?), n. [L. obsessio: cf.F. obsession.]

   1. The act of besieging. Johnson.

   2. The state of being besieged; -- used specifically of a person beset
   by a spirit from without. Tylor.

     Whether by obsession or possession, I will not determine. Burton.


   Ob*sid"i*an  (?),  n.  [L.  Obsidianus  lapis,  so named, according to
   Pliny,  after  one  Obsidius,  who  discovered  it  in Ethiopia: cf.F.
   obsidiane,  obsidienne.  The  later  editions  of  Pliny read Obsianus
   lapis,  and Obsius, instead of Obsidianus lapis, and Obsidius.] (Min.)
   A kind of glass produced by volcanoes. It is usually of a black color,
   and opaque, except in thin splinters.

     NOTE: &hand; In  a  th in se ction it  of ten ex hibits a  fl uidal
     structure,  marked by the arrangement of microlites in the lines of
     the flow of the molten mass.


   Ob*sid"i*o*nal  (?),  a.  [L.  obsidionalis,  from  obsidio  a  siege,
   obsidere  to  besiege: cf.F. obsidional. See Obsess.] Of or pertaining
   to  a  siege.  Obsidional  crown (Rom.Antiq.), a crown bestowed upon a
   general  who  raised the siege of a beleaguered place, or upon one who
   held out against a siege.


   Ob*sig`il*la"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  ob  (see  Ob-) + sigillum a seal.] A
   sealing up. [Obs.] Maunder.


   Ob*sign" (?), v. t. [See Obsignate.] To seal; to confirm, as by a seal
   or stamp. [Obs.] Bradford.


   Ob*sig"nate  (?), v. t. [L. obsignated, p.p. of obsignare to seal. See
   Ob-, and Sign.] To seal; to ratify. [Obs.] Barrow.


   Ob`sig*na"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  obsignatio.]  The  act  of  sealing  or
   ratifying; the state of being sealed or confirmed; confirmation, as by
   the Holy Spirit.

     The  spirit  of manifestation will but upbraid you in the shame and
     horror   of  a  sad  eternity,  if  you  have  not  the  spirit  of
     obsignation. Jer. Taylor.


   Ob*sig"na*to*ry  (?),  a.  Ratifying;  confirming  by  sealing. [Obs.]
   Samuel Ward (1643)


   Ob`so*lesce"  (?),  v. i. [L. obsolescere. See Obsolescent.] To become
   obsolescent. [R.] Fitzed. Hall.


   Ob`so*les"cence  (?),  n.  [See  Obsolescent.]  The  state of becoming


   Ob`so*les"cent  (?), a. [L. obsolescens, -entis, p.pr. of obsolescere,
   to  wear  out gradually, to fall into disuse; ob (see Ob-) + solere to
   use,  be  wont.]  Going  out  of  use; becoming obsolete; passing into


   Ob"so*lete   (?),   a.   [L.   obsoletus,  p.p.  of  obsolescere.  See

   1.  No  longer  in  use;  gone into disuse; disused; neglected; as, an
   obsolete  word;  an  obsolete  statute;  --  applied chiefly to words,
   writings, or observances.

   2.   (Biol.)  Not  very  distinct;  obscure;  rudimental;  imperfectly
   developed;  abortive.  Syn.  --  Ancient;  antiquated;  old-fashioned;
   antique; old; disused; neglected. See Ancient.


   Ob"so*lete,  v.  i. To become obsolete; to go out of use. [R.] Fitzed.


   Ob"so*lete*ly, adv. In an obsolete manner.


   Ob"so*lete*ness, n.

   1.  The  state  of  being  obsolete,  or  no  longer  used; a state of

   2. (Biol.) Indistinctness; want of development.


   Ob"so*let*ism  (?),  n. A disused word or phrase; an archaism. Fitzed.


   Ob"sta*cle  (?),  n. [F., fr. L. obstaculum, fr. obstare to withstand,
   oppose;  ob  (see  Ob-) + stare to stand. See Stand. and cf. Oust, v.]
   That  which  stands  in  the  way,  or  opposes; anything that hinders
   progress; a hindrance; an obstruction, physical or moral.

     If  all  obstacles were cut away. And that my path were even to the
     crown. Shak.

   Syn. -- Impediment; obstuction; hindrance; difficulty. See Impediment,
   and Obstruction.


   Ob"stan*cy  (?),  n. [L. obstantia, fr. obstans, p.pr. of obstare. See
   Obstacle.] Opposition; impediment; obstruction. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

                            Obstetric, Obstetrical

   Ob*stet"ric   (?),   Ob*stet"ric*al  (?),  a.  [L.  obstetricius,  fr.
   obstetrix,  -icis,  a  midwife,  fr.  obstare  to  stand before: cf.F.
   obst\'82trique.  See  Obstacle.] Of or pertaining to midwifery, or the
   delivery of women in childbed; as, the obstetric art. Obstetrical toad
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  European  toad  of  the  genus  Alytes,  especially A.
   obstetricans.  The  eggs  are  laid  in  a string which the male winds
   around his legs, and carries about until the young are hatched.

   Page 993


   Ob*stet"ri*cate  (?),  v.  i. [L. obstetricatus, p.p. of obstetricare,
   fr.  obstetrix.] To perform the office of midwife. [Obs.] "Nature does
   obstetricate." Evelyn.


   Ob*stet"ri*cate, v. t. To assist as a midwife. [Obs.] E. Waterhouse.


   Ob*stet"ri*ca"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  of  assisting  as  a  midwife;
   delivery. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Ob`ste*tri"cian (?), n. One skilled in obstetrics; an accoucheur.


   Ob`ste*tri"cious   (?),   a.   [See   Obstetric.]  Serving  to  assist
   childbirth;  obstetric;  hence,  facilitating  any  bringing  forth or
   deliverance. [Obs.]

     Yet  is  all  human  teaching  but  maieutical,  or  obstetricious.


   Ob*stet"rics  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  obst\'82trique.  See Obstetric.] The
   science of midwifery; the art of assisting women in parturition, or in
   the trouble incident to childbirth.


   Ob*stet"ri*cy (?), n. Obstetrics. [R.] Dunglison.


   Ob"sti*na*cy (?), n. [See Obstinate.]

   1.  A fixedness in will, opinion, or resolution that can not be shaken
   at  all,  or only with great difficulty; firm and usually unreasonable
   adherence  to  an opinion, purpose, or system; unyielding disposition;
   stubborness; pertinacity; persistency; contumacy.

     You  do  not  well  in  obstinacy  To  cavil  in the course of this
     contract. Shak.

     To  shelter  their  ignorance, or obstinacy, under the obscurity of
     their terms. Locke.

   2.  The  quality  or  state  of being difficult to remedy, relieve, or
   subdue;  as,  the obstinacy of a disease or evil. Syn. -- Pertinacity;
   firmness;   resoluteness;  inflexibility;  persistency;  stubbornness;
   perverseness;   contumacy.   --  Obstinacy,  Pertinacity.  Pertinacity
   denotes  great  firmness in holding to a thing, aim, etc. Obstinacy is
   great  firmness  in  holding  out against persuasion, attack, etc. The
   former  consists in adherence, the latter in resistance. An opinion is
   advocated  with pertinacity or defended with obstinacy. Pertinacity is
   often used in a good sense; obstinacy generally in a bad one. "In this
   reply  was  included  a  very  gross  mistake, and if with pertinacity
   maintained,  a  capital  error."  Sir  T.  Browne.  "Every  degree  of
   obstinacy in youth is one step to rebellion." South.


   Ob"sti*nate  (?),  a. [L. obstinatus, p.p. of obstinare to set about a
   thing  with  firmness,  to  persist in; ob (see Ob-) + a word from the
   root of stare to stand. See Stand, and cf.Destine.]

   1.   Pertinaciously  adhering  to  an  opinion,  purpose,  or  course;
   persistent;  not  yielding  to  reason,  arguments,  or  other  means;
   stubborn; pertinacious; -- usually implying unreasonableness.

     I  have  known great cures done by obstinate resolution of drinking
     no wine. Sir W. Temple.

     No ass so meek, no ass so obstinate. Pope.

     Of sense and outward things. Wordsworth.

   2.  Not  yielding; not easily subdued or removed; as, obstinate fever;
   obstinate obstructions. Syn. -- Stubborn; inflexible; immovable; firm;
   pertinacious;   persistent;   headstrong;   opinionated;   unyielding;
   refractory;  contumacious.  See  Stubborn.  -- Ob"sti*nate*ly, adv. --
   Ob"sti*nate*ness, n.


   Ob`sti*na"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  obstinatio.]  Obstinacy;  stubbornness.
   [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.


   Ob`sti*pa"tion (?), n. [L. obstipatio a close pressure; ob (see Ob-) +
   stipare to press.]

   1. The act of stopping up, as a passage. [Obs.] Bailey.

   2. (Med.) Extreme constipation. [Obs.] Hooper.


   Ob*strep"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  obstreperus, from obstrepere to make a
   noise  at;  ob  (see Ob-) + strepere to make a noise.] Attended by, or
   making,  a  loud  and  tumultuous noise; clamorous; noisy; vociferous.
   "The   obstreperous  city."  Wordsworth.  "Obstreperous  approbation."

     Beating the air with their obstreperous beaks. B. Jonson.

   -- Ob*strep"er*ous*ly, adv. -- Ob*strep"er*ous*ness, n.


   Ob*stric"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  obstringere,  obstrictum,  to bind to or
   about.]  The state of being constrained, bound, or obliged; that which
   constrains or obliges; obligation; bond. [R.] Milton.


   Ob*stringe"  (?),  v. t. [See Obstriction.] To constrain; to put under
   obligation. [R.] Bp. Gardiner.


   Ob*struct"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Obstructed; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Obstructing.]  [L. obstructus, p.p. of obstruere to build up before or
   against,  to  obstruct;  ob  (see  Ob-)  +  struere  to  pile  up. See

   1.  To block up; to stop up or close, as a way or passage; to place an
   obstacle  in,  or  fill  with obstacles or impediments that prevent or
   hinder  passing; as, to obstruct a street; to obstruct the channels of
   the body.

     'T is the obstructed paths of sound shall clear. Pope.

   2.  To be, or come, in the way of; to hinder from passing; to stop; to
   impede;  to retard; as, the bar in the harbor obstructs the passage of
   ships;  clouds  obstruct  the  light of the sun; unwise rules obstruct
   legislation.  "Th' impatience of obstructed love." Johnson. Syn. -- To
   bar;  barricade;  stop; arrest; check; interrupt; clog; choke; impede;
   retard; embarrass; oppose.


   Ob*struct"er (?), n. One who obstructs or hinders.


   Ob*struc"tion (?), n. [L.obstructio.]

   1. The act of obstructing, or state of being obstructed.

   2.  That  which  obstructs  or  impedes; an obstacle; an impediment; a

     A popular assembly free from obstruction. Swift.

   3.  The  condition  of  having  the natural powers obstructed in their
   usual course; the arrest of the vital functions; death. [Poetic]

     To  die,  and go we know not where, To lie in cold obstruction, and
     to rot. Shak.

   Syn. -- Obstacle; bar; barrier; impediment; clog; check; hindrance. --
   Obstruction,  Obstacle.  The  difference  between  these words is that
   indicated by their etymology; an obstacle is something standing in the
   way; an obstruction is something put in the way. Obstacle implies more
   fixedness  and  is  the  stronger  word.  We  remove  obstructions; we
   surmount obstacles.

     Disparity in age seems a greater obstacle to an intimate friendship
     than inequality of fortune. Collier.

     The   king   expected   to  meet  with  all  the  obstructions  and
     difficulties his enraged enemies could lay in his way. Clarendon.


   Ob*struc"tion*ism  (?),  n.  The  act  or  the  policy  of obstructing
   progress. Lond. Lit. World.


   Ob*struc"tion*ist,  n.  One  who  hinders  progress; one who obstructs
   business,  as  in  a  legislative  body.  --  a.  Of  or pertaining to
   obstructionists. [Recent]


   Ob*struct"ive   (?),  a.  [Cf.F.  obstrictif.]  Tending  to  obstruct;
   presenting    obstacles;    hindering;    causing    impediment.    --
   Ob*struct"ive*ly, adv.


   Ob*struct"ive, n. An obstructive person or thing.


   Ob"stru*ent  (?), a. [L. obstruens, p.pr. of obstruere. See Obstruct.]
   Causing   obstruction;   blocking  up;  hindering;  as,  an  obstruent
   medicine. Johnson.


   Ob"stru*ent,  n.  Anything  that  obstructs or closes a passage; esp.,
   that  which  obstructs  natural  passages  in the body; as, a medicine
   which acts as an obstruent.


   Ob*stu`pe*fac"tion   (?),  n.  [L.  obstuperfacere  to  stupefy.]  See
   Stupefaction. [Obs.] Howell.


   Ob*stu`pe*fac"tive (?), a. Stupefactive. [Obs.]


   Ob*stu"pe*fy  (?),  v. t. [Cf.L. obstupefacere. See Ob-, and Stupefy.]
   See Stupefy. [Obs.]


   Ob*tain"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Obtained (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Obtaining.]  [F.  obtenir, L. obtinere; ob (see Ob-) + tenere to hold.
   See Tenable.]

   1. To hold; to keep; to possess. [Obs.]

     His  mother,  then,  is  mortal,  but  his  Sire He who obtains the
     monarchy of heaven. Milton.

   2.  To  get  hold  of by effort; to gain possession of; to procure; to
   acquire, in any way.

     Some pray for riches; riches they obtain. Dryden.

     By guileful fair words peace may be obtained. Shak.

     It may be that I may obtain children by her. Gen. xvi. 2.

   Syn.  --  To attain; gain; procure; acquire; win; earn. See Attain. --
   To  Obtain, Get, Gain, Earn, Acquire. The idea of getting is common to
   all  these  terms. We may, indeed, with only a slight change of sense,
   substitute  get  for either of them; as, to get or to gain a prize; to
   get  or to obtain an employment; to get or to earn a living; to get or
   to  acquire  a language. To gain is to get by striving; and as this is
   often  a  part  of  our  good  fortune,  the  word  gain is peculiarly
   applicable  to  whatever  comes  to  us  fortuitously. Thus, we gain a
   victory,  we  gain  a  cause, we gain an advantage, etc. To earn is to
   deserve  by  labor  or  service;  as,  to  earn  good wages; to earn a
   triumph.  Unfortunately, one does not always get or obtain what he has
   earned.  To  obtain  implies  desire  for  possession, and some effort
   directed to the attainment of that which is not immediately within our
   reach.  Whatever  we  thus seek and get, we obtain, whether by our own
   exertions  or  those  of others; whether by good or bad means; whether
   permanently, or only for a time. Thus, a man obtains an employment; he
   obtains  an  answer  to  a letter, etc. To acquire is more limited and
   specific.  We  acquire  what  comes  to  us  gradually  in the regular
   exercise  of  our  abilities,  while  we obtain what comes in any way,
   provided  we  desire  it. Thus, we acquire knowledge, property, honor,
   reputation,   etc.  What  we  acquire  becomes,  to  a  great  extent,
   permanently  our  own; as, to acquire a language; to acquire habits of
   industry, etc.


   Ob*tain", v. i.

   1. To become held; to gain or have a firm footing; to be recognized or
   established;  to  subsist; to become prevalent or general; to prevail;
   as, the custom obtains of going to the seashore in summer.

     Sobriety  hath  by  use obtained to signify temperance in drinking.
     Jer. Taylor.

     The  Theodosian code, several hundred years after Justinian's time,
     did obtain in the western parts of Europe. Baker.

   2. To prevail; to succeed. [R.] Evelyn.

     So run that ye may obtain. 1 Cor. ix. 24.

     There  is  due  from  the judge to the advocate, some commendation,
     where  causes  are  fair pleaded; especially towards the side which
     obtaineth not. Bacon.


   Ob*tain"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being obtained.


   Ob*tain"er (?), n. One who obtains.


   Ob*tain"ment  (?),  n.  The  act  or process of obtaining; attainment.


   Ob*tect"ed (?), a. [L. obtectus, p.p. of obtegere to cover over.]

   1. Covered; protected. [Obs.]

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Covered  with  a  hard  chitinous case, as the pupa of
   certain files.


   Ob*tem"per  (?),  v. t. & i. [See Obtemperate.] (Scots Law) To obey (a
   judgment or decree).


   Ob*tem"per*ate  (?),  v. t. [L. obtemperare, obtemperatum to obey.] To
   obey. [Obs.] Johnson.


   Ob*tend"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Obtended;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Obtending.]  [L.obtendere,  obtentum,  to  stretch  or place before or
   against; ob (see Ob-) + tendere to stretch.]

   1. To oppose; to hold out in opposition. [Obs.] Dryden.

   2. To offer as the reason of anything; to pretend. [Obs.] Dryden


   Ob*ten`e*bra"tion  (?),  n.  [L. obtenebrate to make dark.] The act of
   darkening; the state of being darkened; darkness. [Obs.]

     In every megrim or vertigo, there is an obtenebration joined with a
     semblance of turning round. Bacon.


   Ob*ten"sion  (?),  n. [L. obtentio. See Obtend.] The act of obtending.
   [Obs.] Johnson.


   Ob*test"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Obtested;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Obtesting.]  [L.  obtestari;  ob  (see  Ob-) + testari to witness, fr.
   testis a witness.]

   1. To call to witness; to invoke as a witness. [R.] Dryden.

   2. To beseech; to supplicate; to beg for. [R.]


   Ob*test", v. i. To protest. [R.] E. Waterhouse.


   Ob`tes*ta"tion   (?),  n.  [L.  obtestatio.]  The  act  of  obtesting;
   supplication; protestation. [R.]

     Antonio asserted this with great obtestation. Evelyn.


   Ob`trec*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L. obtrectatio, from obtrectare to detract
   from  through envy. See Detract.] Slander; detraction; calumny. [Obs.]


   Ob*trude"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Obtruded,  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Obtruding.] [L. obtrudere, obtrusum; ob (see Ob-) + trudere to thrust.
   See Threat.]

   1.   To   thrust   impertinently;   to   present  without  warrant  or
   solicitation; as, to obtrude one's self upon a company.

     The  objects  of our senses obtrude their particular ideas upon our
     minds, whether we will or no. Lock.

   2.  To  offer with unreasonable importunity; to urge unduly or against
   the will. Milton.


   Ob*trude",  v.  i.  To  thrust  one's  self  upon  a  company  or upon
   attention;  to  intrude. Syn. -- To Obtrude, Intrude. To intrude is to
   thrust  one's  self  into  a  place,  society, etc., without right, or
   uninvited; to obtrude is to force one's self, remarks, opinions, etc.,
   into  society or upon persons with whom one has no such intimacy as to
   justify such boldness.


   Ob*trud"er (?), n. One who obtrudes. Boyle.


   Ob*trun"cate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  obtruncatus,  p.p. of obtruncare.] To
   deprive of a limb; to lop. [R.]


   Ob`trun*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  obtruncatio.]  The  act  of lopping or
   cutting off. [R.] Cockeram.


   Ob*tru"sion (?), n. [L. obtrusio. See Obtrude.]

   1.  The  act  of  obtruding;  a  thrusting  upon  others  by  force or
   unsolicited; as, the obtrusion of crude opinions on the world.

   2. That which is obtruded. Milton.


   Ob*tru"sion*ist, n. One who practices or excuses obtrusion. [R.] Gent.


   Ob*tru"sive (?), a. Disposed to obtrude; inclined to intrude or thrust
   one's  self  or  one's  opinions  upon  others, or to enter uninvited;
   forward;    pushing;    intrusive.    --   Ob*tru"sive*ly,   adv.   --
   Ob*tru"sive*ness, n.

     Not obvious, not obtrusive, but retired. Milton.


   Ob*tund"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Obtunded;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Obtunding.]  [L.  obtundere, obtusum; ob (see Ob-) + tundere to strike
   or beat. See Stutter.] To reduce the edge, pungency, or violent action
   of; to dull; to blunt; to deaden; to quell; as, to obtund the acrimony
   of the gall. [Archaic] Harvey.

     They...have  filled  all  our law books with the obtunding story of
     their suits and trials. Milton.


   Ob*tund"ent  (?),  n.  [L.  obtundens,  p.pr.  of obtundere.] (Med.) A
   substance  which  sheathes  a part, or blunts irritation, usually some
   bland,  oily, or mucilaginous matter; -- nearly the same as demulcent.


   Ob*tund"er  (?),  n.  (Med.) That which obtunds or blunts; especially,
   that which blunts sensibility.


   Ob`tu*ra"tion  (?), n. [L. obturare to stop up: cf.F. obturation.] The
   act  of  stopping  up,  or  closing,  an  opening. "Deaf by an outward
   obturation." Bp. Hall.


   Ob"tu*ra`tor  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  L.  obturare  to  stop  up:  cf.F.

   1. That which closes or stops an opening.

   2.  (Surg.)  An apparatus designed to close an unnatural opening, as a
   fissure of the palate.


   Ob"tu*ra`tor,  a. (Anat.) Serving as an obturator; closing an opening;
   pertaining  to,  or  in  the region of, the obturator foramen; as, the
   obturator  nerve.  Obturator  foramen  (Anat.),  an  opening  situated
   between the public and ischial parts of the innominate bone and closed
   by the obturator membrane; the thyroid foramen.
   Ob*tus"an`gu*lar (?), a. See Obstuseangular. 


   Ob*tuse"  (?).  a. [Compar. Obtuser (; superl. Obtusest.] [L. obtusus,
   p.p. of obtundere to blunt: cf. F. obtus. See Obtund.]

   1. Not pointed or acute; blunt; -- applied esp. to angles greater than
   a right angle, or containing more than ninety degrees.

   2.  Not  having  acute  sensibility  or perceptions; dull; stupid; as,
   obtuse senses. Milton.

   3. Dull; deadened; as, obtuse sound. Johnson.

                         Obtuse-angled, obtuse-angular

   Ob*tuse"-an`gled  (?),  ob*tuse"-an`gu*lar  (?),  a.  Having an obtuse
   angle; as, an obtuse-angled triangle.


   Ob*tuse"ly, adv. In an obtuse manner.


   Ob*tuse"ness, n. State or quality of being obtuse.


   Ob*tu"sion (, n. [L. obtusio, from obtundere to blunt. See Obtund.]

   1. The act or process of making obtuse or blunt.

   2.  The  state  of  being  dulled  or blunted; as, the obtusion of the
   senses. Harvey.


   Ob*tu"si*ty (?), n. Obtuseness. Lond. Quart. Rev.


   Ob*um"brant  (?),  a. [L.obumbrans, p.pr.] (Zo\'94l.) Overhanging; as,
   obumbrant feathers.


   Ob*um"brate   (?),   v.  t.  [L.  obumbratus,  p.p.  of  obumbrare  to
   overshadow,  cloud;  ob  +  umbrare to shade.] To shade; to darken; to
   cloud. [R.] Howell.


   Ob`um*bra"tion (?), n. [L. obumbratio.] Act of darkening or obscuring.
   [R.] Sir T. More.


   Ob*un"cous  (?),  a. [L. obuncus; ob (see Ob-) + uncus hooked.] Hooked
   or crooked in an extreme degree. Maunder.


   Ob*ven"tion  (?),  n. [L. obvention, fr. obvenire to come before or in
   the  way  of,  to  befall;  ob  (see  Ob-)  +  venire  to  come: cf.F.
   obvention.]  The  act  of  happening  incidentally; that which happens
   casually;  an  incidental  advantage;  an  occasional offering. [Obs.]
   "Tithes and other obventions." Spenser.

     Legacies bequeathed by the deaths of princes and great persons, and
     other casualities and obventions. Fuller.


   Ob*vers"ant (?), a. [L. obversans, p.pr. of obversari to hover before;
   ob  (see  Ob-)  + versare to move about.] Conversant; familiar. [Obs.]


   Ob*verse" (?), a. [L. obversus, p.p. of obvertere. See Obvert.] Having
   the  base,  or  end  next  the attachment, narrower than the top, as a


   Ob"verse (?), n. [Cf.F. obverse, obvers. See Obverse, a.]

   1.  The  face  of  a coin which has the principal image or inscription
   upon it; -- the other side being the reverse.

   2.  Anything  necessarily  involved  in, or answering to, another; the
   more  apparent  or  conspicuous  of  two  possible  sides,  or  of two
   corresponding things.

     The  fact that it [a belief] invariably exists being the obverse of
     the fact that there is no alternative belief. H. Spencer.

   Page 994


   Ob*verse"ly (?), adv. In an obverse manner.


   Ob*ver"sion (?), n. [L. obversio a turning towards.]

   1. The act of turning toward or downward.

   2.  (Logic)  The  act  of  immediate  inference,  by which we deny the
   opposite  of anything which has been affirmed; as, all men are mortal;
   then,  by  obversion,  no  men are immortal. This is also described as
   "immediate inference by privative conception." Bain.


   Ob*vert"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Obverted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Obverting.] [L. obvertere; ob (see Ob-) + vertere to turn. See Verse.]
   To turn toward.

     If its base be obverted towards us. I. Watts.


   Ob"vi*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Obviated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Obviating.]  [L. obviare; ob (see Ob-) + viare to go, fr. via way. See

   1. To meet in the way. [Obs.]

     Not to stir a step to obviate any of a different religion. Fuller.

   2.  To  anticipate; to prevent by interception; to remove from the way
   or path; to make unnecessary; as, to obviate the necessity of going.

     To  lay  down  everything  in  its full light, so as to obviate all
     exceptions. Woodward.


   Ob`vi*a"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  of  obviating, or the state of being


   Ob"vi*ous (?), a. [L. obvius; ob (see Ob-) + via way. See Voyage.]

   1. Opposing; fronting. [Obs.]

     To the evil turn My obvious breast. Milton.

   2.  Exposed;  subject;  open;  liable.  [Obs.]  "Obvious  to dispute."

   3.  Easily  discovered,  seen, or understood; readily perceived by the
   eye  or  the  intellect;  plain;  evident;  apparent;  as,  an obvious
   meaning; an obvious remark.

     Apart  and  easy to be known they lie, Amidst the heap, and obvious
     to the eye. Pope.

   Syn.  -- Plain; clear; evident. See Manifest. -- Ob"vi*ous*ly, adv. --
   Ob"vi*ous-ness, n.

                              Obvolute, Obvoluted

   Ob"vo*lute  (?), Ob`vo*lu"ted (?), a. [L. obvolutus, p.p. of obvolvere
   to  wrap  round;  ob  (see  Ob-)  +  volvere  to  roll.]  Overlapping;
   contorted; convolute; -- applied primarily, in botany, to two opposite
   leaves, each of which has one edge overlapping the nearest edge of the
   other,  and  secondarily to a circle of several leaves or petals which
   thus overlap.


   O"by (?), n. See Obi.


   O"ca  (?),  n.  [Sp.]  (Bot.)  A  Peruvian name for certain species of
   Oxalis (O. crenata, and O. tuberosa) which bear edible tubers.


   Oc"ca*my (?), n. [A corruption of alchemy.] An alloy imitating gold or
   silver. [Written also ochimy, ochymy, etc.]


   Oc*ca"sion  (?), n. [F. occasion, L. occasio, fr.occidere, occasum, to
   fall  down;  ob  (see  Ob-)  +  cadere  to  fall.  See Chance, and cf.

   1.  A  falling  out,  happening,  or coming to pass; hence, that which
   falls out or happens; occurrence; incident.

     The  unlooked-for  incidents  of  family  history,  and  its hidden
     excitements, and its arduous occasions. I. Taylor.

   2.   A   favorable   opportunity;   a  convenient  or  timely  chance;

     Sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me. Rom. vii. 11.

     I'll  take  the  occasion which he gives to bring Him to his death.

   3.  An  occurrence  or  condition of affairs which brings with it some
   unlooked-for  event;  that which incidentally brings to pass an event,
   without  being its efficient cause or sufficient reason; accidental or
   incidental cause.

     Her beauty was the occasion of the war. Dryden.

   4.  Need; exigency; requirement; necessity; as, I have no occasion for

     After we have served ourselves and our own occasions. Jer. Taylor.

     When my occasions took me into France. Burke.

   5. A reason or excuse; a motive; a persuasion.

     Whose  manner  was,  all passengers to stay, And entertain with her
     occasions sly. Spenser.

   On  occasion,  in case of need; in necessity; as convenience requires;
   occasionally.  "That we might have intelligence from him on occasion,"
   De Foe. Syn. -- Need; incident; use. See Opportunity.
   Oc*ca"sion  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Occasioned (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Occasioning.]  [Cf.F.  occasionner.] To give occasion to; to cause; to
   produce; to induce; as, to occasion anxiety. South. 

     If  we  inquire  what  it  is  that  occasions  men to make several
     combinations of simple ideas into distinct modes. Locke.


   Oc*ca"sion*a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of  being  occasioned  or caused.


   Oc*ca"sion*al (?), a. [Cf.F. occasionnel.]

   1. Of or pertaining to an occasion or to occasions; occuring at times,
   but  not  constant,  regular,  or  systematic;  made  or  happening as
   opportunity  requires  or  admits;  casual; incidental; as, occasional
   remarks, or efforts.

     The... occasional writing of the present times. Bagehot.

   2.  Produced by accident; as, the occasional origin of a thing. [Obs.]
   Sir T. Browne.
   Occasional  cause  (Metaph.),  some  circumstance  preceding an effect
   which,  without  being  the  real  cause,  becomes the occasion of the
   action  of  the  efficient  cause; thus, the act of touching gunpowder
   with  fire  is  the  occasional,  but  not  the efficient, cause of an
   Oc*ca"sion*al*ism  (?),  n. (Metaph.) The system of occasional causes;
   --  a  name  given  to  certain  theories  of  the Cartesian school of
   philosophers, as to the intervention of the First Cause, by which they
   account for the apparent reciprocal action of the soul and the body. 


   Oc*ca`sion*al"i*ty  (?),  n.  Quality  or  state  of being occasional;
   occasional occurrence. [R.]


   Oc*ca"sion*al*ly  (?),  adv.  In an occasional manner; on occasion; at
   times,  as  convenience requires or opportunity offers; not regularly.

     The  one,  Wolsey,  directly  his  subject by birth; the other, his
     subject occasionally by his preferment. Fuller.


   Oc*ca"sion*ate (?), v. t. To occasion. [Obs.]

     The lowest may occasionate much ill. Dr. H. More.


   Oc*ca"sion*er  (?),  n.  One who, or that which, occasions, causes, or
   produces. Bp. Sanderson.


   Oc*ca"sive (?), a. [L. occasivus, fr. occasus a going down, setting of
   the  heavenly  bodies, fr. occidere to fall or down. See Occasion.] Of
   or pertaining to the setting sun; falling; descending; western.


   Oc*ce*ca"tion  (?), n. [L. occaecatio, fr. occaecare to make blind; ob
   + caecare to blind, fr. caecus blind.] The act of making blind, or the
   state of being blind. [R.] "This inward occecation." Bp. Hall.


   Oc"ci*dent  (?),  n.  [F., fr. L. occidens, occidentis, fr. occidents,
   p.pr.  of  occidere to fall or go down. See Occasion.] The part of the
   horizon  where  the  sun last appears in the evening; that part of the
   earth   towards   the   sunset;   the  west;  --  opposed  to  orient.
   Specifically,  in  former times, Europe as opposed to Asia; now, also,
   the Western hemisphere. Chaucer.

     I may wander from east to occident. Shak.


   Oc`ci*den"tal (?), a. [L. occidentalis; cf. F.occidental.]

   1.  Of, pertaining to, or situated in, the occident, or west; western;
   --  opposed  to  oriental;  as,  occidental  climates,  or customs; an
   occidental planet.

   2.  Possessing  inferior  hardness,  brilliancy, or beauty; -- used of
   inferior  precious  stones and gems, because those found in the Orient
   are generally superior.


   Oc`ci*den"tals  (?),  n.pl.  (Eccl.)  Western  Christians of the Latin
   rite. See Orientals. Shipley.


   Oc*cid"u*ous  (?), a. [L. occiduus, fr. occidere to go down.] Western;
   occidental. [R.] Blount.


   Oc*cip"i*tal  (?),  a. [Cf. F. occipital.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to
   the  occiput,  or  back  part  of  the head, or to the occipital bone.
   Occipital  bone (Anat.), the bone which forms the posterior segment of
   the  skull  and  surrounds  the great foramen by which the spinal cord
   leaves  the  cranium. In the higher vertebrates it is usually composed
   of  four  bones,  which become consolidated in the adult. -- Occipital
   point  (Anat.),  the point of the occiput in the mesial plane farthest
   from the ophryon.


   Oc*cip"i*tal, n. (Anat.) The occipital bone.


   Oc*cip"i*to-  (. [See Occiput.] A combining form denoting relation to,
   or situation near, the occiput; as, occipito-axial; occipito-mastoid.


   Oc*cip`i*to*ax"i*al  (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the occipital
   bone and second vertebra, or axis.


   Oc"ci*put  (?), n.; pl. L. Occipita (#), E. Occiputs. [L., fr. ob (see
   Ob-) + caput head. See Chief.]

   1.  (Anat.)  The  back,  or  posterior, part of the head or skull; the
   region of the occipital bone.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  plate  which  forms  the  back  part of the head of


   Oc*ci"sion (?), n. [L.occisio, fr. occidere, occisium, to cut down, to
   kill;  ob  (see Ob-) + caedere to cut.] A killing; the act of killing.
   [Obs.] Sir M. Hale.


   Oc*clude"  (?), v. t. [L. occludere, occlusum; ob (see Ob-) + claudere
   to shut.]

   1. To shut up; to close. Sir T. Browne.

   2.  (Chem.)  To take in and retain; to absorb; -- said especially with
   respect  to  gases;  as  iron,  platinum,  and palladium occlude large
   volumes of hydrogen.


   Oc*clud"ent  (?),  a.  [L.occludens,  p.pr.  of occludere.] Serving to
   close; shutting up. -- n. That which closes or shuts up. Sterne.


   Oc*cluse"  (?),  a.  [L.  occlusus,  p.p.  See Occlude.] Shut; closed.
   [Obs.] Holder.


   Oc*clu"sion (?), n. [See Occlude.]

   1. The act of occluding, or the state of being occluded.

     Constriction and occlusion of the orifice. Howell.

   2.  (Med.)  The  transient  approximation  of  the  edges of a natural
   opening; imperforation. Dunglison.
   Occlusion  of  gases  (Chem.  &  Physics), the phenomenon of absorbing
   gases,  as  exhibited by platinum, palladium, iron, or charcoal; thus,
   palladium absorbs, or occludes, nearly a thousand times its own volume
   of hydrogen, and in this case a chemical compound seems to be formed.
   Oc*crus"tate  (?),  v.  t.  [See  Ob-,  and Crustated.] To incrust; to
   harden. [Obs.] Dr. H. More. 


   Oc*cult"  (?), a. [L. occultus, p.p. of occulere to cover up, hide; ob
   (see  Ob-) + a root prob.akin to E. hell: cf. F. occulte.] Hidden from
   the eye or the understanding; inviable; secret; concealed; unknown.

     It is of an occult kind, and is so insensible in its advances as to
     escape observation. I. Taylor.

   Occult  line  (Geom.), a line drawn as a part of the construction of a
   figure  or  problem, but not to appear in the finished plan. -- Occult
   qualities,  those  qualities whose effects only were observed, but the
   nature  and  relations of whose productive agencies were undetermined;
   --  so  called by the schoolmen. -- Occult sciences, those sciences of
   the  Middle  Ages which related to the supposed action or influence of
   occult   qualities,   or   supernatural  powers,  as  alchemy,  magic,
   necromancy, and astrology.


   Oc*cult", v. t. To eclipse; to hide from sight.


   Oc`cul*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  occultatio  a hiding, fr. occultare, v.
   intens. of occulere: cf.F. occultation. See Occult.]

   1.  (Astron.)  The  hiding  of  a  heavenly  body  from  sight  by the
   intervention  of  some  other  of  the  heavenly  bodies;  --  applied
   especially  to  eclipses  of stars and planets by the moon, and to the
   eclipses of satellites of planets by their primaries.

   2. Fig.: The state of being occult.

     The  reappearance  of  such  an  author after those long periods of
     occultation. Jeffrey.

   Circle of perpetual occultation. See under Circle.


   Oc*cult"ed, a.

   1. Hidden; secret. [Obs.] Shak.

   2.  (Astron.)  Concealed  by  the  intervention of some other heavenly
   body, as a star by the moon.


   Oc*cult"ing (?), n. Same as Occultation.


   Oc*cult"ism  (?),  n.  A  certain  Oriental system of theosophy. A. P.


   Oc*cult"ist, n. An adherent of occultism.


   Oc*cult"ly, adv. In an occult manner.


   Oc*cult"ness, n. State or quality of being occult.


   Oc"cu*pan*cy  (?),  n.  [See  Occupant.]  The act of taking or holding
   possession;  possession; occupation. Title by occupancy (Law), a right
   of  property  acquired  by  taking the first possession of a thing, or
   possession  of a thing which belonged to nobody, and appropriating it.
   Blackstone. Kent.


   Oc"cu*pant  (?),  n. [L. occupans, p.pr. of occupare: cf. F. occupant.
   See Occupy.]

   1.  One  who occupies, or takes possession; one who has the actual use
   or possession, or is in possession, of a thing.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd, in law, sometimes signifies one who takes
     the first possession of a thing that has no owner.

   2. A prostitute. [Obs.] Marston.


   Oc"cu*pate (?), v. t. [L. occupatus, p.p. of occupare. See Occupy.] To
   occupy. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Oc`cu*pa"tion (?), n. [L. occupatio: cf.F. occupation.]

   1.  The  act  or  process  of  occupying  or taking possession; actual
   possession  and  control;  the  state  of being occupied; a holding or
   keeping; tenure; use; as, the occupation of lands by a tenant.

   2.  That  which  occupies  or  engages  the  time  and  attention; the
   principal  business  of  one's  life;  vocation;  employment; calling;

     Absence of occupation is not rest. Cowper.

   Occupation bridge (Engin.), a bridge connecting the parts of an estate
   separated  by  a  railroad,  a  canal,  or  an  ordinary road. Syn. --
   Occupancy; possession; tenure; use; employment; avocation; engagement;
   vocation; calling; office; trade; profession.


   Oc"cu*pi`er (?), n.

   1. One who occupies, or has possession.

   2.   One  who  follows  an  employment;  hence,  a  tradesman.  [Obs.]
   "Merchants and occupiers." Holland.

     The occupiers of thy merchandise. Ezek. xxvii. 27.


   Oc"cu*py  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Occupied (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Occupying  (?).]  [OE.  occupien,  F. occuper, fr.L. occupare; ob (see
   Ob-) + a word akin to capere to take. See Capacious.]

   1. To take or hold possession of; to hold or keep for use; to possess.

     Woe occupieth the fine [/end] of our gladness. Chaucer.

     The better apartments were already occupied. W. Irving


   2.  To  hold, or fill, the dimensions of; to take up the room or space
   of;  to cover or fill; as, the camp occupies five acres of ground. Sir
   J. Herschel.

   3.  To  possess  or use the time or capacity of; to engage the service
   of; to employ; to busy.

     An  archbishop  may  have  cause to occupy more chaplains than six.
     Eng. Statute (Hen. VIII. )

     They occupied themselves about the Sabbath. 2 Macc. viii. 27.

   4. To do business in; to busy one's self with. [Obs.]

     All  the  ships  of  the  sea, with their mariners, were in thee to
     occupy the merchandise. Ezek. xxvii. 9.

     Not able to occupy their old crafts. Robynson (More's Utopia).

   5. To use; to expend; to make use of. [Obs.]

     All the gold that was occupied for the work. Ex. xxxviii. 24.

     They occupy not money themselves. Robynson (More's Utopia).

   6. To have sexual intercourse with. [Obs.] Nares.


   Oc"cu*py, v. i.

   1.  To  hold possession; to be an occupant. "Occupy till I come." Luke
   xix. 13.

   2. To follow business; to traffic.


   Oc*cur"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Occurred(?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Occurring  (?).]  [L.  occurrere,  occursum; ob (see Ob-) + currere to
   run. See Course.]

   1. To meet; to clash. [Obs.]

     The resistance of the bodies they occur with. Bentley.

   2. To go in order to meet; to make reply. [Obs.]

     I must occur to one specious objection. Bentley.

   3.  To  meet one's eye; to be found or met with; to present itself; to
   offer;  to  appear;  to  happen;  to  take  place; as, I will write if
   opportunity occurs.

     In  Scripture,  though  the  word  heir occur, yet there is no such
     thing as "heir" in our author's sense. Locke.

   4.  To meet or come to the mind; to suggest itself; to be presented to
   the imagination or memory.

     There  doth  not occur to me any use of this experiment for profit.


   Oc*cur"rence (?), n. [Cf. F. occurrence. See Occur.]

   1. A coming or happening; as, the occurence of a railway collision.

     Voyages detain the mind by the perpetual occurrence and expectation
     of something new. I. Watts.

   2.  Any  incident  or  event;  esp.,  one  which happens without being
   designed  or  expected;  as,  an  unusual  occurrence, or the ordinary
   occurrences of life.

     All the occurrence of my fortune. Shak.

   Syn. -- See Event.


   Oc*cur"rent  (?),  a. [L. occurrens, -entis, p.pr. of occurrere: cf.F.
   occurrent.  See  Occur.]  Occurring  or  happening; hence, incidental;


   Oc*cur"rent (?), n.

   1. One who meets; hence, an adversary. [Obs.] Holland.

   2. Anything that happens; an occurrence. [Obs.]

     These  we must meet with in obvious occurrents of the world. Sir T.


   Oc*curse" (?), n. [L.occursus.] Same as Occursion. [Obs.] Bentley.


   Oc*cur"sion  (?),  n.  [L.occursio.  See Occur.] A meeting; a clash; a
   collision. [Obs.] Boyle.

   Page 995


   O"cean (?), n. [F. oc\'82an, L. oceanus, Gr.

   1. The whole body of salt water which covers more than three fifths of
   the surface of the globe; -- called also the sea, or great sea.

     Like  the  odor  of brine from the ocean Comes the thought of other
     years. Longfellow.

   2.  One  of  the  large  bodies of water into which the great ocean is
   regarded  as  divided,  as  the  Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic and
   Antarctic oceans.

   3.  An  immense  expanse;  any vast space or quantity without apparent
   limits;  as,  the  boundless  ocean  of eternity; an ocean of affairs.


   O"cean  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to the main or great sea; as, the
   ocean waves; an ocean stream. Milton.


   O`ce*an"ic (?), a. [Cf.F. oc\'82anique. See Ocean.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the ocean; found or formed in or about, or
   produced by, the ocean; frequenting the ocean, especially mid-ocean.

     Petrels are the most a\'89rial and oceanic of birds. Darwin.

   2. Of or pertaining to Oceania or its inhabitants.


   O`cean*og"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [Ocean  +  -graphy.]  A description of the


   O`cean*ol"o*gy  (?),  n. [Ocean + -logy.] That branch of science which
   relates to the ocean.


   O*ce"a*nus (?), n. [L., from Gr. (Gr.Myth.) The god of the great outer
   sea, or the river which was believed to flow around the whole earth.


   O*cel"la*ry (?), a. Of or pertaining to ocelli.


   O*cel"late (?), a. Same as Ocellated.


   O*cel"la*ted  (?),  a. [L.ocellatus, fr. ocellus a little eye, dim. of
   oculus an eye.]

   1. Resembling an eye.

   2. Marked with eyelike spots of color; as, the ocellated blenny.
   Ocellated  turkey  (Zo\'94l.),  the  wild  turkey  of  Central America
   (Meleagris ocellata).


   O*cel"lus  (?),  n.;  pl.  Ocelli  (#).  [L.,  dim. of oculus an eye.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  little  eye;  a  minute  simple  eye found in many
   invertebrates.  (b)  An eyelike spot of color, as those on the tail of
   the peacock.


   O"ce*loid (?), a. [Ocelot + -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) Resembling the ocelot.


   O"ce*lot  (?),  n.  [Mexican  ocelotl.]  (Zo\'94l.) An American feline
   carnivore  (Felis  pardalis).  It  ranges from the Southwestern United
   States  to  Patagonia. It is covered with blackish ocellated spots and
   blotches,  which  are variously arranged. The ground color varies from
   reddish gray to tawny yellow.

                                 Ocher, Ochre

   O"cher,  O"chre (?), n. [F.ocre, L. ochra, fr. Gr. (Min.) (a) A impure
   earthy  ore  of  iron or a ferruginous clay, usually red (hematite) or
   yellow  (limonite),  --  used  as a pigment in making paints, etc. The
   name  is  also  applied to clays of other colors. (b) A metallic oxide
   occurring in earthy form; as, tungstic ocher or tungstite.

                              Ocherous, Ochreous

   O"cher*ous,  O"chre*ous  (?),  a. [Cf. F. ocreux.] Of or pertaining to
   ocher;  containing  or resembling ocher; as, ocherous matter; ocherous


   O"cher*y (?), a. Ocherous. [Written also ochrey, ochry.]


   Och`i*my (?), n. [Obs.] See Occamy.


   Och*le"sis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Med.) A general morbid condition
   induced  by  the crowding together of many persons, esp. sick persons,
   under one roof. G. Gregory.


   Och*loc"ra*cy  (?),  n. [Gr. ochlocratie.] A form of government by the
   multitude; a mobocracy. Hare.

                          Ochlocratic, Ochlocratical

   Och`lo*crat`ic  (?),  Och`lo*crat`ic*al  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to
   ochlocracy; having the form or character of an ochlocracy; mobocratic.
   -- Och`lo*crat"ic*al*ly, adv.


   O*chra"ceous (?), a. Ocherous.


   O"chre (?), n. (Min.) See Ocher.


   O"chre*a (?), n.; pl. Ochre\'91e (#). [L.]

   1. (Antiq.) A greave or legging.

   2. (Bot.) A kind of sheath formed by two stipules united round a stem.

                              Ochreate, Ochreated

   O"chre*ate (?), O"chre*a`ted (?), a.

   1.  Wearing  or  furnished  with  an ochrea or legging; wearing boots;

     A  scholar  undertook...to  address himself ochreated unto the vice
     chancellor. Fuller.

   2.  (Bot.)  Provided  with  ochrea,  or  sheathformed stipules, as the
   rhubarb, yellow dock, and knotgrass.


   O"chre*ous (?), a. See Ocherous.


   O"chrey (?), a. See Ochery.


   Och`ro*leu"cous  (?),  a. [Gr. Yellowish white; having a faint tint of
   dingy yellow. Gray.


   O"chry (?), a. See Ochery.


   Och"y*my (?), n. [Obs.] See Occamy.


   -ock  (?).  [AS. -uc.] A suffix used to form diminutives; as, bullock,


   O"cra (?), n. (Bot.) See Okra.


   O"cre*a (?), n. [L.] See Ochrea.

                               Ocreate, Ocreated

   O"cre*ate  (?),  O"cre*a"ted  (?),  a. [See Ochrea.] Same as Ochreate,


   Oc"ta- (?). A prefix meaning eight. See Octo-.


   Oc"ta*chord  (?),  n.  [Gr.  octacorde.] (Mus.) An instrument of eight
   strings; a system of eight tones. [Also written octochord.]


   Oc"tad  (?), n. [Gr. (Chem.) An atom or radical which has a valence of
   eight, or is octavalent.


   Oc`ta*e"dral (?), a. See Octahedral.


   Oc`ta*em"e*ron  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Eccl.) A fast of eight days
   before a great festival. Shipley.


   Oc"ta*gon (?), n. [Gr. cctogone.]

   1. (Geom.) A plane figure of eight sides and eight angles.

   2.  Any  structure  (as  a fortification) or place with eight sides or
   Regular  octagon, one in which the sides are all equal, and the angles
   also are all equal.


   Oc*tag"o*nal (?), a. Having eight sides and eight angles.


   Oc*tag"y*nous  (?),  a.  [Octa-  +  Gr. (Bot.) Having eight pistils or
   styles; octogynous.


   Oc`ta*he"dral  (?),  a. [See Octahedron.] Having eight faces or sides;
   of, pertaining to, or formed in, octahedrons; as, octahedral cleavage.
   Octahedral  borax (Chem.), borax obtained from a saturated solution in
   octahedral   crystals,  which  contain  five  molecules  of  water  of
   crystallization;  distinguished  from  common  or  prismatic borax. --
   Octahedral iron ore (Min.), magnetite.


   Oc`ta*he"drite  (?),  n.  (Min.)  Titanium  dioxide occurring in acute
   octahedral crystals.


   Oc`ta*he"dron (?), n. [Gr. (Geom.) A solid bounded by eight faces. The
   regular octahedron is contained by eight equal equilateral triangles.


   Oc*tam"er*ous (?), a. [Octa- + Gr. (Biol.) Having the parts in eights;
   as, an octamerous flower; octamerous mesenteries in polyps.


   Oc*tam"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Cf.L. octameter in eight feet. See Octa-, and
   meter.] (Pros.) A verse containing eight feet; as, --

     Deep\'b6 in|to\'b6 the | dark\'b6ness | peer\'b6ing, | long\'b6 I |
     stood\'b6 there | wond'\'b6ring, | fear\'b6ing. Poe.


   Oc*tan"der (?), n. One of the Octandria.


   Oc*tan"dri*a  (?),  n.pl.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Bot.) A Linn\'91an class of
   plants,  in  which  the  flowers  have eight stamens not united to one
   another or to the pistil.

                            Octandrian, Octandrous

   Oc*tan"dri*an (?), Oc*tan"drous (?), a. (Bot.) Of or pertaining to the
   Octandria; having eight distinct stamens.


   Oc"tane (?), n. [See Octa-] . (Chem.) Any one of a group of metametric
   hydrocarcons  (C8H18)  of  the methane series. The most important is a
   colorless,  volatile,  inflammable  liquid,  found in petroleum, and a
   constituent of benzene or ligroin.


   Oc*tan"gu*lar  (?),  a.  [L.octangulus  eight-cornered;  octo  eight +
   angulus    angle.]    Having    eight    angles;    eight-angled.   --
   Oc*tan"gu*lar*ness, n.


   Oc"tant (?), n. [L. octans, -antis. fr. octo eight. See Octave.]

   1. (Geom.) The eighth part of a circle; an arc of 45 degrees.

   2.  (Astron.  & Astrol.) The position or aspect of a heavenly body, as
   the   moon  or  a  planet,  when  half  way  between  conjunction,  or
   opposition, and quadrature, or distant from another body 45 degrees.

   3.  An  instrument for measuring angles (generally called a quadrant),
   having  an  arc  which measures up to 9O, but being itself the eighth
   part of a circle. Cf. Sextant.

   4.  (Math. & Crystallog.) One of the eight parts into which a space is
   divided by three co\'94rdinate planes.


   Oc"ta*pla  (?),  n.; etymol. pl., but syntactically sing. [NL., fr.Gr.
   -pla, as in E. hexapla; cf.Gr. A portion of the Old Testament prepared
   by  Origen  in  the  3d  century, containing the Hebrew text and seven
   Greek versions of it, arranged in eight parallel columns.


   Oc`ta*roon" (?), n. See Octoroon.


   Oc"ta*style (?), a. See Octostyle.


   Oc"ta*teuch  (?), n. [L. octateuchus, Gr. A collection of eight books;
   especially, the first eight books of the Old Testament. [R.]


   Oc*tav"a*lent (?), a. [Octa- + L. valens, p. pr. See Valence.] (Chem.)
   Having  a  valence of eight; capable of being combined with, exchanged
   for,  or  compared  with,  eight atoms of hydrogen; -- said of certain
   atoms or radicals.


   Oc"tave  (?), n. [F., fr. L. octava an eighth, fr. octavus eighth, fr.
   octo eight. See Eight, and cf. Octavo, Utas.]

   1.  The  eighth  day  after  a church festival, the festival day being
   included;  also, the week following a church festival. "The octaves of
   Easter." Jer. Taylor.

   2.  (Mus.)  (a) The eighth tone in the scale; the interval between one
   and  eight  of the scale, or any interval of equal length; an interval
   of five tones and two semitones. (b) The whole diatonic scale itself.

     NOTE: &hand; The ratio of a musical tone to its octave above is 1:2
     as regards the number of vibrations producing the tones.

   3.  (Poet.)  The  first  two  stanzas  of a sonnet, consisting of four
   verses each; a stanza of eight lines.

     With mournful melody it continued this octave. Sir P. Sidney.

   Double  octave.  (Mus.)  See  under  Double. -- Octave flute (Mus.), a
   small  flute,  the tones of which range an octave higher than those of
   the German or ordinary flute; -- called also piccolo. See Piccolo.

   4. A small cask of wine, the eighth part of a pipe.


   Oc"tave (?), a. Consisting of eight; eight. Dryden.


   Oc*ta"vo  (?), n.;pl. Octavos (#). [L. in octavo; in in + octavo, abl.
   of  octavus.  See  Octave.] A book composed of sheets each of which is
   folded  into eight leaves; hence, indicating more or less definitely a
   size of book so made; -- usually written 8vo or 8.


   Oc*ta"vo, a. Having eight leaves to a sheet; as, an octavo form, book,
   leaf, size, etc.


   Oc"tene (?), n. [See Octo-.] (Chem.) Same as Octylene.


   Oc*ten"ni*al (?), a. [L. octennium a period of eight years; octo eight
   +  annus year.] Happening every eighth year; also, lasting a period of
   eight years. Johnson. -- Oc*ten"ni*al*ly, adv.


   Oc*tet"  (?),  n.  [From  L.  octo  eight, like E. duet, fr.L.duo. See
   Octave.]  (Mus.) A composition for eight parts, usually for eight solo
   instruments or voices.


   Oc"tic  (?),  a. [Octo- + -ic.] (Math.) Of the eighth degree or order.
   -- n. (Alg.) A quantic of the eighth degree.


   Oc"tile (?), n. [Cf. F. octil, a. See Octant.] Same as Octant, 2. [R.]


   Oc*til"lion (?), n. [L. octo eight + -illion, as in E. million: cf. F.
   octillion.] According to the French method of numeration (which method
   is  followed also in the United States) the number expressed by a unit
   with  twenty-seven  ciphers  annexed. According to the English method,
   the  number  expressed by a unit with forty-eight ciphers annexed. See

                                 Octo-, Octa-

   Oc"to-  (?),  Oc"ta-  (?). [L.octo eight, Gr. Eight.] A combining form
   meaning eight; as in octodecimal, octodecimal, octolocular.


   Oc"to*ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of an octoic acid; a caprylate.


   Oc*to"ber  (?),  n. [L., the eighth month of the primitive Roman year,
   which began in March, fr. octo eight: cf.F. Octobre. See Octave.]

   1. The tenth month of the year, containing thirty-one days.

   2. Ale or cider made in that month.

     The  country  gentlemen  had a posset or drink they called October.


   Oc*toc"e*ra (?), n.pl. [NL.] Octocerata.


   Oc`to*cer"a*ta  (?),  n.pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) A suborder of
   Cephalopoda  including  Octopus,  Argonauta, and allied genera, having
   eight arms around the head; -- called also Octopoda.


   Oc"to*chord (?), n. (Mus.) See Octachord.


   Oc`todec"i*mo (?), a. [L. octodecim eighteen. See Octavo, Decimal, and
   -mo.] Having eighteen leaves to a sheet; as, an octodecimo form, book,
   leaf, size, etc.


   Oc`to*dec"i*mo,  n.; pl. Octodecimos (. A book composed of sheets each
   of  which  is  folded  into eighteen leaves; hence; indicating more or
   less definitely a size of book, whose sheets are so folded; -- usually
   written 18mo or 18, and called eighteenmo.


   Oc`to*den"tate (?), a. [Octo- + dentate.] Having eight teeth.


   Oc"to*dont  (?),  a.  [Octo-  + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the
   Octodontid\'91, a family of rodents which includes the coypu, and many
   other South American species.


   Oc`to*ed"ric*al (?), a. See Octahedral. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Oc"to*fid  (?),  a.  [Octo-  +  root  of  L.  findere  to split: cf.F.
   octofide.] (Bot.) Cleft or separated into eight segments, as a calyx.


   Oc*tog"a*my (?), n. [Octo- + Gr. A marrying eight times. [R.] Chaucer.


   Oc`to*ge*na"ri*an (?), n. A person eighty years, or more, of age.


   Oc*tog"e*na*ry  (?),  a.  [L. octogenarrus, from octogeni eighty each,
   octoginta  eighty, fr. octo eight. See Eight, Eighty.] Of eighty years
   of age. "Being then octogenary." Aubrey.


   Oc"to*gild  (?),  n.  [Octo-  + AS. gild payment.] (Anglo-Saxon Law) A
   pecuniary  compensation for an injury, of eight times the value of the


   Oc*tog"o*nal (?), a. See Octagonal. [Obs.]


   Oc`to*gyn"i*a  (?),  n.pl.  [NL.,  from Gr. (Bot.) A Linnaean order of
   plants having eight pistils.

                            Octogynian, Octogynous

   Oc`to*gyn"i*an (?), Oc*tog"y*nous (?), a. (Bot.) Having eight pistils;


   Oc*to"ic  (?), a. [See Octo-.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or
   resembling,  octane;  --  used specifically, to designate any one of a
   group of acids, the most important of which is called caprylic acid.

   Page 996


   Oc`to*loc"u*lar  (?),  a. [Octo- + locular.] (Bot.) Having eight cells
   for seeds.


   Oc`to*naph"thene  (?),  n.  [Octo-  +  naphthene.] (Chem.) A colorless
   liquid  hydrocarbon  of  the  octylene  series, occurring in Caucasian


   Oc`to*na*ry  (?),  a.  [L. octonarius, fr. octoni eight each, fr. octo
   eight.] Of or pertaining to the number eight. Dr. H. More.


   Oc`to*noc"u*lar  (?),  a.  [L.  octoni eight each + E. ocular.] Having
   eight eyes. Derham.


   Oc`to*pede (?), n. [Octo- + L. pes, pedis, foot.] (Zo\'94l.) An animal
   having eight feet, as a spider.


   Oc`to*pet"al*ous  (?),  a. [Octo- + petal.] (Bot.) Having eight petals
   or flower leaves.


   Oc"to*pod (?), n. [Gr. octopode.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the Octocerata.


   Oc*top"o*da  (?),  n.pl.  [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) Same as Octocerata. (b)
   Same as Arachnida.


   Oc`to*po"di*a (?), n.pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Octocerata.


   Oc"to*pus (?), n. [NL. See Octopod.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of eight-armed
   cephalopods,  including  numerous species, some of them of large size.
   See Devilfish,


   Oc`to*ra"*di*a`ted (?), a. [Octo- + radiated.] Having eight rays.


   Oc`to*roon"  (?),  n.  [L.  octo  eight  + -roon, as in quadroon.] The
   offspring of a quadroon and a white person; a mestee.


   Oc`to*sper"mous (?), a. [Octo- + Cr. (Bot.) Containing eight seeds.


   Oc*tos"ti*chous  (?),  a. [Octo- + Gr. (Bot.) In eight vertical ranks,
   as leaves on a stem.


   Oc"to*style  (?),  a.  [Octo-  +  Gr. octostyle.] (Arch.) Having eight
   columns in the front; -- said of a temple or portico. The Parthenon is
   octostyle,  but most large Greek temples are hexastele. See Hexastyle.
   -- n. An octostyle portico or temple.

                         Octosyllabic, Octosyllabical

   Oc`to*syl*lab"ic  (?),  Oc`to*syl*lab"ic*al  (?), a. [L. octosyllabus.
   See Octo-, and Syllable.] Consisting of or containing eight syllables.


   Oc"to*syl`la*ble (?), a. Octosyllabic.


   Oc"to*syl`la*ble, n. A word of eight syllables.


   Oc"to*yl  (,  n.  [Octoic  +  -yl.]  (Chem.)  A  hypothetical  radical
   (C8H15O), regarded as the essential residue of octoic acid.


   Oc`troi" (?), n. [F.]

   1.  A  privilege  granted by the sovereign authority, as the exclusive
   right of trade granted to a guild or society; a concession.

   2.  A  tax  levied  in  money  or kind at the gate of a French city on
   articles brought within the walls. [Written also octroy.]


   Oc"tu*or (?), n. [From L. octo eight + -uor, as in L. quatuor.] (Mus.)
   See Octet. [R.]


   Oc"tu*ple (?), a. [L. octuplus; cf. Gr. octuple.] Eightfold.


   Oc"tyl  (?),  n.  [Octane  +  -yl.] (Chem.) A hypothetical hydrocarbon
   radical  regarded  as  an essential residue of octane, and as entering
   into its derivatives; as, octyl alcohol.


   Oc"tyl*ene (?), n. [Octane + ethylene.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of
   metameric hydrocarbons (C8H16) of the ethylene series. In general they
   are combustible, colorless liquids.


   Oc*tyl"ic  (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing,
   octyl; as, octylic ether.


   Oc"u*lar  (?),  a.  [L. ocularis, ocularius, fr. oculus the eye: cf.F.
   oculaire. See Eye, and cf. Antler, Inveigle.]

   1.  Depending  on, or perceived by, the eye; received by actual sight;
   personally seeing or having seen; as, ocular proof. Shak.

     Thomas was an ocular witness of Christ's death. South.

   2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the eye; optic.


   Oc"u*lar,  n.  (Opt.)  The  eyepiece of an optical instrument, as of a
   telescope or microscope.


   Oc"u*lar*ly, adv. By the eye, or by actual sight.


   Oc"u*la*ry  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to the eye; ocular; optic; as,
   oculary medicines. Holland.

                               Oculate, Oculated

   Oc"u*late (?), Oc"u*la`ted (?), a. [L. oculatus, fr. oculus eye.]

   1. Furnished with eyes.

   2. Having spots or holes resembling eyes; ocellated.


   Oc`u*li*form  (?), a. [L. oculus the eye + form: cf.F. oculiforme.] In
   the form of an eye; resembling an eye; as, an oculiform pebble.


   Oc`u*li"na (?), n. [NL., fr. L. oculus the eye.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of
   tropical corals, usually branched, and having a very volid texture.


   Oc`u*li*na"*ce*a  (?),  n.pl.  [NL.,  fr.  NL.  oculina  the name of a
   typical  genus.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  suborder  of  corals  including  many
   reef-building species, having round, starlike calicles.


   Oc"u*list (?), n. [L. oculus the eye: cf. F. oculiste.] One skilled in
   treating diseases of the eye.


   Oc"u*lo- (?). A combining form from L. oculus the eye.


   Oc`u*lo*mo"tor  (?),  a. [Oculo- + motor.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to
   the  movement  of  the  eye; -- applied especially to the common motor
   nerves  (or  third  pair  of  cranial nerves) which supply many of the
   muscles of the orbit. -- n. The oculomotor nerve.


   Oc`u*lo*na"sal  (?),  a. [Oculo- + nasal.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to
   the  region  of  the  eye  and the nose; as, the oculonasal, or nasal,
   nerve, one of the branches of the ophthalmic.


   Oc"u*lus (?), n.; pl. Oculi (#). [L., an eye.]

   1. An eye; (Bot.) a leaf bud.

   2. (Arch.) A round window, usually a small one.


   O`cy*po"di*an,   n.   [Gr.   'wky`s  swift  +  poy`s,  podo`s,  foot.]
   (Zo\'94l.)One  of  a  tribe  of  crabs which live in holes in the sand
   along the seashore, and run very rapidly, -- whence the name.


   Od  (?),  n. [G., fr. Gr. (Physics) An alleged force or natural power,
   supposed,  by  Reichenbach  and  others,  to  produce the phenomena of
   mesmerism,  and  to  be  developed by various agencies, as by magnets,
   heat,  light,  chemical or vital action, etc.; -- called also odyle or
   the odylic force. [Archaic]

     That od force of German Reichenbach Which still, from female finger
     tips, burnt blue. Mrs. Browning.


   O`da`lisque"  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  Turk.  odaliq  chambermaid, fr. oda
   chamber,  room.]  A  female  slave  or  concubine  in the harem of the
   Turkish sultan. [Written also odahlic, odalisk, and odalik.]

     Not of those that men desire, sleek Odalisques, or oracles of mode.


   Odd  (?),  a. [Compar. Odder (?); superl. Oddest.] [OE. odde, fr.Icel.
   oddi  a  tongue  of land, a triangle, an odd number (from the third or
   odd  angle,  or  point,  of  a triangle), orig., a point, tip; akin to
   Icel. oddr point, point of a weapon, Sw. udda odd, udd point, Dan. od,
   AS.  ord,  OHG.  ort,  G.  ort  place  (cf.  E.  point,  for change of

   1. Not paired with another, or remaining over after a pairing; without
   a mate; unmatched; single; as, an odd shoe; an odd glove.

   2. Not divisible by 2 without a remainder; not capable of being evenly
   paired,  one  unit  with  another;  as,  1, 3, 7, 9, 11, etc., are odd

     I hope good luck lies in odd numbers. Shak.

   3.  Left  over  after  a  definite  round  number  has  been  taken or
   mentioned;  indefinitely,  but  not  greatly,  exceeding  a  specified
   number; extra.

     Sixteen  hundred  and  odd  years  after the earth was made, it was
     destroyed in a deluge. T. Burnet.

     There  are  yet  missing of your company Some few odd lads that you
     remember not. Shak.

   4.   Remaining   over;   unconnected;  detached;  fragmentary;  hence,
   occasional; inconsiderable; as, odd jobs; odd minutes; odd trifles.

   5.  Different  from  what  is  usual  or  common;  unusual;  singular;
   peculiar; unique; strange. "An odd action." Shak. "An odd expression."

     The  odd  man,  to  perform  all  things  perfectly, is, in my poor
     opinion, Joannes Sturmius. Ascham.

     Patients have sometimes coveted odd things. Arbuthnot.

     Locke's  Essay  would  be a very odd book for a man to make himself
     master  of,  who  would  get  a  reputation  by  critical writings.

   Syn.  -- Quaint; unmatched; singular; unusual; extraordinary; strange;
   queer; eccentric, whimsical; fantastical; droll; comical. See Quaint.

                                  Odd Fellow

   Odd"  Fel`low  (?).  A member of a secret order, or fraternity, styled
   the  Independent  Order of Odd Fellows, established for mutual aid and
   social enjoyment.


   Odd"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Oddities (.

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  odd;  singularity;  queerness;
   peculiarity; as, oddity of dress, manners, and the like.

     That infinitude of oddities in him. Sterne.

   2. That which is odd; as, a collection of oddities.


   Odd"ly, adv.

   1. In an odd manner; unevently. [R.]

   2.  In  a  peculiar manner; strangely; queerly; curiously. "A figure a
   little more oddly turned." Locke.

     A great black substance,... very oddly shaped. Swift.

   3. (Math.) In a manner measured by an odd number.


   Odd"ness, n.

   1. The state of being odd, or not even.

     Take  but one from three, and you not only destroy the oddness, but
     also the essence of that number. Fotherby.

   2.  Singularity; strangeness; eccentricity; irregularity; uncouthness;
   as, the oddness of dress or shape; the oddness of an event. Young.


   Odds (?), n. sing. & pl. [See Odd, a.]

   1.  Difference  in  favor of one and against another; excess of one of
   two   things   or  numbers  over  the  other;  inequality;  advantage;
   superiority;  hence, excess of chances; probability. "Pre\'89minent by
   so  much  odds."  Milton.  "The  fearful  odds  of that unequal fray."

     The odds Is that we scare are men and you are gods. Shak.

     There appeared, at least, four to one odds against them. Swift.

     All  the  odds between them has been the different s "cope....given
     to their understandings to range in. Locke.

     Judging  is  balancing an account and determining on which side the
     odds lie. Locke.

   2. Quarrel; dispute; debate; strife; -- chiefly in the phraze at odds.

     Set them into confounding odds. Shak.

     I can not speak Any beginning to this peevish odds. Shak.

   At  odds,  in  dispute; at variance. "These squires at odds did fall."
   Spenser.  "He  flashes into one gross crime or other, that sets us all
   at  odds." Shak. -- It is odds, it is probable. [Obs.]<-- = "odds are"
   -->  Jer.  Taylor.  --  Odds  and  ends, that which is left; remnants;
   fragments;  refuse;  scraps;  miscellaneous  articles.  "My  brain  is
   filled...with all kinds of odds and ends." W. Irving.
   Ode  (?), n. [F., fr. L. ode, oda, Gr. vad to speak, sing. Cf. Comedy,
   Melody,  Monody.]  A  short  poetical  composition proper to be set to
   music  or  sung;  a  lyric  poem;  esp.,  now, a poem characterized by
   sustained noble sentiment and appropriate dignity of style. 

     Hangs odes upon hawthorns and elegies on brambles. Shak.

     O!  run;  prevent them with thy humble ode, And lay it lowly at his
     blessed feet. Milton.

   Ode  factor,  one  who  makes,  or  who  traffics  in,  odes;  -- used


   Ode"let (?), n. A little or short ode.


   O*de"on (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. od\'82on. See Ode.] A kind of theater in
   ancient  Greece, smaller than the dramatic theater and roofed over, in
   which poets and musicians submitted their works to the approval of the
   public,  and contended for prizes; -- hence, in modern usage, the name
   of a hall for musical or dramatic performances.


   O*de"um (?), n. [L.] See Odeon.


   O"di*ble  (?),  a.  [L. odibilis. See Odium.] Fitted to excite hatred;
   hateful. [Obs.] Bale.


   Od"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to od. See Od. [Archaic] -- Od"ic*al*ly
   (#), adv.


   O"din  (?),  n.  [Icel.  wood, a. See Wednesday.] (Northern Myth.) The
   supreme  deity  of  the  Scandinavians;  --  the same as Woden, of the
   German tribes.

     There in the Temple, carved in wood, The image of great Odin stood.


   O*din"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to Odin.


   O"di*ous  (?),  a.  [L. odiosus, from odium hatred: cf. F. odieux. See

   1. Hateful; deserving or receiving hatred; as, an odious name, system,
   vice. "All wickedness will be most odious." Sprat.

     He rendered himself odious to the Parliament. Clarendon.

   2.  Causing  or  provoking  hatred, repugnance, or disgust; offensive;
   disagreeable; repulsive; as, an odious sight; an odious smell. Milton.

     The odious side of that polity. Macaulay.

   Syn.   --  Hateful;  detestable;  abominable;  disgusting;  loathsome;
   invidious;  repulsive;  forbidding; unpopular. -- O"di*ous`ly. adv. --
   O"di*ous*ness, n.


   Od"ist (?), n. A writer of an ode or odes.


   O"di*um (?), n. [L., fr. odi I hate. Gr. Annoy, Noisome.]

   1.  Hatred;  dislike;  as,  his  conduct  brought  him into odium, or,
   brought odium upon him.

   2. The quality that provokes hatred; offensiveness.

     She threw the odium of the fact on me. Dryden.

   Odium   theologicum   (   [L.],  the  enmity  peculiar  to  contending
   theologians.  Syn.  --  Hatred; abhorrence; detestation; antipathy. --
   Odium,  Hatred. We exercise hatred; we endure odium. The former has an
   active  sense,  the  latter a passive one. We speak of having a hatred
   for  a  man,  but  not  of having an odium toward him. A tyrant incurs
   odium.  The  odium  of an offense may sometimes fall unjustly upon one
   who is innocent.

     I wish I had a cause to seek him there, To oppose his hatred fully.

     You have...dexterously thrown some of the odium of your polity upon
     that middle class which you despise. Beaconsfield.


   Od"ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Odized (?) p. pr. & vb. n. Odizing.]
   To charge with od. See Od. [Archaic]


   Od"myl  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -yl.]  (Chem.)  A  volatile liquid obtained by
   boiling sulphur with linseed oil. It has an unpleasant garlic odor.


   O*dom"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Gr.  odom\'82tre, hodom\'82tre.] An instrument
   attached to the wheel of a vehicle, to measure the distance traversed;
   also,  a  wheel  used by surveyors, which registers the miles and rods


   O`do*met"ric*al  (?),  a. [Cf. F. odom\'82trique, hodom\'82trique.] Of
   or pertaining to the odometer, or to measurements made with it.


   O*dom"e*trous  (?),  a.  Serving  to  measure distance on a road. [R.]
   Sydney Smith.


   O*dom"e*try (?), n. Measurement of distances by the odometer.


   O*don"a*ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) The division of
   insects that includes the dragon flies.


   O`don*tal"gi*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Toothache.


   O`don*tal"gic  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  odontalgique.]  Of or pertaining to
   odontalgia. -- n. A remedy for the toothache.


   O`don*tal"gy (?), n. (Med.) Same as Odontalgia.


   O`don*ti"a*sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. Cutting of the teeth; dentition.


   O*don"to- (?). A combining form from Gr.


   O*don"to*blast (?), n. [Odonto- + -blast.]

   1. (Anat.) One of the more or less columnar cells on the outer surface
   of  the  pulp  of  a  tooth;  an  odontoplast. They are supposed to be
   connected with the formation of dentine.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of the cells which secrete the chitinous teeth of

   Page 997


   O*don`to*ce"te  (?),  n.pl. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A subdivision of
   Cetacea,  including  the  sperm  whale,  dolphins,  etc.;  the toothed


   O`don*tog"e*ny  (?),  n.  [Odonto-  +  root  of  Gr.  odontog\'82nie.]
   (Physiol.) Generetion, or mode of development, of the teeth.


   O*don"to*graph  (?),  n. [Odonto- + -graph.] An instrument for marking
   or laying off the outlines of teeth of gear wheels.


   O*don`to*graph"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to odontography.


   O`don*tog"ra*phy (?), n. A description of the teeth.


   O*don"toid  (?), a. [Gr. odonto\'8bde.] (Anat.) (a) Having the form of
   a  tooth;  toothlike.  (b) Of or pertaining to the odontoid bone or to
   the  odontoid process. Odontoid bone (Anat.), a separate bone, in many
   reptiles,  corresponding to the odontoid process. -- Odontoid process,
   OR  Odontoid  peg  (Anat.), the anterior process of the centrum of the
   second vertebra, or axis, in birds and mammals. See Axis.


   O`don*tol"cae (?), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. (Paleon.) An extinct order of
   ostrichlike  aquatic  birds having teeth, which are set in a groove in
   the  jaw. It includes Hesperornis, and allied genera. See Hesperornis.
   [Written also Odontholcae, and Odontoholcae.]


   O*don"to*lite (?), n. [Odonto- + -lite.] (Min.) A fossil tooth colored
   a  bright  blue  by  phosphate  of iron. It is used as an imitation of
   turquoise, and hence called bone turquoise.


   O`don*tol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Odonto-  +  -logy:  cf.F. odontologie.] The
   science which treats of the teeth, their structure and development.


   O`don*toph"o*ra  (?),  n.pl. [NL. See Odontophore.] (Zo\'94l.) Same as


   O*don"to*phore  (?),  n. [Odonto- + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A special structure
   found  in  the mouth of most mollusks, except bivalves. It consists of
   several  muscles and a cartilage which supports a chitinous radula, or
   lingual  ribbon,  armed  with teeth. Also applied to the radula alone.
   See Radula.


   O`don*toph"o*rous (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Having an odontophore.


   O*don"to*plast (?), n. [Odonto- + Gr. (Anat.) An odontoblast.


   O`don*top"te*ryx  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'odoy`s, 'odo`ntos, a tooth +
   pte`ryx  a  wing.]  (Paleon.)  An  extinct Eocene bird having the jaws
   strongly  serrated,  or  dentated, but destitute of true teeth. It was
   found near London.


   O*don`tor*ni*"thes  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.Gr. 'odoy`s, 'odo`ntos, a
   tooth + (Paleon.) A group of Mesozoic birds having the jaws armed with
   teeth, as in most other vertebrates. They have been divided into three
   orders: Odontolc\'91, Odontotorm\'91, and Saurur\'91.


   O*don"to*stom"a*tous   (?),   a.  [Odonto-  +  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having
   toothlike mandibles; -- applied to certain insects.


   O*don`to*tor"mae  (?),  n.pl.  [NL., fr. (Paleon.) An order of extinct
   toothed   birds   having  the  teeth  in  sockets,  as  in  the  genus
   Ichthyornis. See Ichthyornis.


   O"dor  (?),  n.  [OE.  odor,  odour, OF. odor, odour, F. odeur, fr. L.
   odor; akin to olere to smell, Gr. Olfactory, Osmium, Ozone, Redolent.]
   [Written also odour.] Any smell, whether fragrant or offensive; scent;

     Meseemed  I smelt a garden of sweet flowers, That dainty odors from
     them threw around. Spenser.

   To be in bad odor, to be out of favor, or in bad repute.


   O"dor*a*ment  (?),  n.  [L.  odoramentum.  See  Odorate.] A perfume; a
   strong scent. [Obs.] Burton.


   O"dor*ant (?), a. [L.odorans, -antis, p.pr.] Yielding odors; fragrant.


   O"dor*ate  (?),  a. [L. odoratus, p.p. of odorare to perfume, fr. odor
   odor.] Odorous. [Obos.] Bacon.


   O"dor*a*`ting (?), a. Diffusing odor or scent; fragrant.


   O`dor*if"er*ous  (?),  a. [L. odorifer; odor odor + ferre to bear. See
   Odoe,  and  st  Bear.] Bearing or yielding an odor; perfumed; usually,
   sweet  of  scent;  fragrant; as, odoriferous spices, particles, fumes,
   breezes.  Milton.  -- O`dor*if"er*ous*ly, adv. --O`dor*if"er*ous*ness,


   O"dor*line  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  pungent  oily  substance obtained by
   redistilling bone oil. [Obs.]


   O"dor*less, a. Free from odor.


   O"dor*ous  (?),  a. [Written also odourous.] [L. odorus, fr.odor odor:
   cf.  OF. odoros, odoreux.] Having or emitting an odor or scent, esp. a
   sweet odor; fragrant; sweet-smelling. "Odorous bloom." Keble.

     Such fragrant flowers do give most odorous smell. Spenser.

   -- O"dor*ous*ly, adv. -- O"dor*ous*ness, n.


   Ods  (?), interj. A corruption of God's; -- formerly used in oaths and
   ejaculatory phrases. "Ods bodikin." "Ods pity." Shak.

                                  Odyl, Odyle

   Od"yl, Od"yle (?), n. [Gr. (Physics) See Od. [Archaic].


   O*dyl"ic (?), a. (Physics) Of or pertaining to odyle; odic; as, odylic
   force. [Archaic]


   Od"ys*sey   (?),  n.  [L.  Odyssea,  Gr.  Odyss\'82e.]  An  epic  poem
   attributed  to  Homer, which describes the return of Ulysses to Ithaca
   after the siege of Troy.


   \'d1 (&emac;), a diphthong, employed in the Latin language, and thence
   in  the English language, as the representative of the Greek diphthong
   oi.  In  many  words  in  common  use, e alone stands instead of &oe;.
   Classicists prefer to write the diphthong oe separate in Latin words.


   \'d1"coid  (?), n. [Gr. -oid.] (Anat.) The colorless porous framework,
   or stroma, of red blood corpuscles from which the zooid, or hemoglobin
   and other substances of the corpuscles, may be dissolved out.


   \'d1*col"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.-logy.]  (Biol.) The various relations of
   animals and plants to one another and to the outer world.


   \'d1`co*nom"ic*al (?), a. See Economical.


   \'d1`co*nom"ics (?), n. See Economics.


   \'d1*con"o*my (?), n. See Economy.


   \'d1c`u*men"ic*al (?), a. See Ecumenical.


   \'d1*de"ma  (?),  n. [NL., from Gr. (Med.) A swelling from effusion of
   watery  fluid  in  the  cellular  tissue  beneath  the  skin or mucous
   membrance;  dropsy  of the subcutaneous cellular tissue. [Written also


   \'d1*dem"a*tous  (?),  a.  (Med.)  Pertaining to, or of the nature of,
   edema; affected with edema.

                             \'d1iliad, \'d1illade

   \'d1*il"iad  (?), \'d1il"lade` (?), n. [F. \'d2illade, fr. \'d2el eye.
   See Eyelent.] A glance of the eye; an amorous look. [Obs.]

     She gave strange \'d2illades and most speaking looks. Shak.


   \'d1"let  (?),  n. [See Eyelet.] An eye, bud, or shoot, as of a plant;
   an oilet. [Obs.] Holland.


   \'d1*nan"thate  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  salt of the supposed &oe;nanthic


   \'d1*nan"thic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Chem.)  Having, or imparting, the odor
   characteristic of the bouquet of wine; specifically used, formerly, to
   designate  an  acid whose ethereal salts were supposed to occasion the
   peculiar   bouquet,   or   aroma,  of  old  wine.  Cf.  \'d1nanthylic.
   \'d1nanthic  acid,  an  acid  obtained  from  &oe;nanthic ether by the
   action  of  alkalies. -- \'d1nanthic ether, an ethereal substance (not
   to  be  confused  with  the  bouquet, or aroma, of wine) found in wine
   lees,  and  consisting  of  a complex mixture of the ethereal salts of
   several  of  the  higher  acids  of  the acetic acid series. It has an
   ethereal  odor, and it used in flavoring artificial wines and liquors.
   Called also oil of wine. See Essential oil, under Essential.


   \'d1*nan"thol  (?), n. [\'d2nanthylic + L. oleum oil.] (Chem.) An oily
   substance  obtained  by  the distillation of castor oil, recognized as
   the   aldehyde   of   \'d2nanthylic   acid,   and  hence  called  also


   \'d1*nan"thone  (?),  n.  [\'d2nanthic  +  -one] (Chem.) The ketone of
   \'d2nanthic acid.


   \'d1*nan"thyl  (?),  n.  [\'d2nnthic  +  -yl.]  (Chem.)  A hydrocarbon
   radical  formerly  supposed to exist in \'d2nanthic acid, now known to
   be identical with heptyl.


   \'d1*nan"thyl*ate  (?),  n.  (Chem.) A salt of &oe;nanthylic acid; as,
   potassium \'d2nanthylate.


   \'d1`nan*thyl"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Pertaining  to,  derived from, or
   containing,  \'d2nanthyl;  specifically,  designating an acid formerly
   supposed  to  be identical with the acid in \'d2nanthic ether, but now
   known to be identical with heptoic acid.


   \'d1`nan*thyl"i*dene  (?),  n. (Chem.) A colorless liquid hydrocarbon,
   having a garlic odor; heptine.


   \'d1*nan"thyl*ous  (?),  a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating,
   an  acid  formerly supposed to be the acid of \'d2nanthylic ether, but
   now  known  to  be  a mixture of higher acids, especially capric acid.


   \'d1`no*cy"an (?), n. [Gr. (Chem.) The coloring matter of red wines.


   \'d1*nol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr. -logy.] Knowledge of wine, scientific or


   \'d1n`o*ma"ni*a  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Med.) (a) Delirium tremens.
   Rayer. (b) Dipsomania.


   \'d1n"o*mel (?), n. [Gr. Wine mixed with honey; mead, [R.]


   \'d1*nom"e*ter (?), n. [Gr. -meter.] See Alcoholometer.


   \'d1*noph"i*list  (?), n. [Gr. A lover of wine. [R.]<-- now oenophile,
   older form obsolete! --> Thackeray.


   \'d1`no*thi*on"ic (?), a. [Gr. thionic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to an acid
   now called sulphovinic, OR ethyl sulphuric, acid.


   O'er (?), prep. & adv. A contr. of Over. [Poetic]

                        \'d1sophagus, n., \'d1sophageal

   \'d1*soph"a*gus,  n.,  \'d1`so*phag"e*al,  a., etc. Same as Esophagus,
   Esophageal, etc.


   \'d1s"tri*an  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the gadflies. --
   n. A gadfly.


   \'d1s"tru*al  (?),  a. [See \'d1strus.] (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to
   sexual  desire; -- mostly applied to brute animals; as, the \'d2strual
   period; \'d2strual influence.


   \'d1s`tru*a"tion   (?),   n.  (Physiol.)  The  state  of  being  under
   \'d2strual influence, or of having sexual desire.<-- = oestrus? -->


   \'d1s"trus (?), n. [L., a gadfly; also, frenzy, fr.Gr.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus  of  gadflies. The species which deposits its
   larv\'91 in the nasal cavities of sheep is \'d2strus ovis.

   2.  A  vehement desire; esp. (Physiol.), the periodical sexual impulse
   of animals; heat; rut.


   Of  (?),  prep. [AS. of of, from, off; akin to D. & OS. af, G. ab off,
   OHG.  aba  from,  away,  Icel., Dan., Sw., & Goth. af, L. ab, Gr. apa.
   Cf.Off,  A-  (2),  Ab-, After, Epi-.] In a general sense, from, or out
   from;  proceeding from; belonging to; relating to; concerning; -- used
   in a variety of applications; as:

   1.  Denoting  that  from  which  anything proceeds; indicating origin,
   source,  descent, and the like; as, he is of a race of kings; he is of
   noble blood.

     That holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son
     of God. Luke i. 35.

     I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you. 1
     Cor. xi. 23.

   2.  Denoting  possession  or  ownership, or the relation of subject to
   attribute;  as,  the apartment of the consul: the power of the king; a
   man of courage; the gate of heaven. "Poor of spirit." Macaulay.

   3.  Denoting the material of which anything is composed, or that which
   it contains; as, a throne of gold; a sword of steel; a wreath of mist;
   a cup of water.

   4.  Denoting  part  of an aggregate or whole; belonging to a number or
   quantity  mentioned;  out  of; from amongst; as, of this little he had
   some  to  spare;  some  of  the  mines  were unproductive; most of the
   company.<-- partative genitive -->

     It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed. Lam. iii. 22.

     It  is  a  duty to communicate of those blessings we have received.

   5.  Denoting  that by which a person or thing is actuated or impelled;
   also,  the  source  of a purpose or action; as, they went of their own
   will; no body can move of itself; he did it of necessity.<-- = out of,
   from, due to -->

     For it was of the Lord to harden their hearts. Josh. xi. 20.

   6.  Denoting reference to a thing; about; concerning; relating to; as,
   to boast of one's achievements.

     Knew you of this fair work? Shak.

   7.  Denoting  nearness or distance, either in space or time; from; as,
   within a league of the town; within an hour of the appointed time.

   8.   Denoting  identity  or  equivalence;  --  used  with  a  name  or
   appellation,  and  equivalent  to  the relation of apposition; as, the
   continent  of America; the city of Rome; the Island of Cuba.<-- always
   preceded by a type name? -->

   9.  Denoting the agent, or person by whom, or thing by which, anything
   is, or is done; by.

     And told to her of [by] some. Chaucer.

     He taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all. Luke iv. 15.

     [Jesus] being forty days tempted of the devil. Luke iv. 1, 2.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e us e of  th e wo rd in  this sense, as applied to
     persons, is nearly obsolete.

   10.  Denoting  relation  to  place or time; belonging to, or connected
   with; as, men of Athens; the people of the Middle Ages; in the days of

   11.  Denoting  passage  from  one  state  to  another; from. [Obs.] "O
   miserable of happy." Milton.

   12. During; in the course of.

     Not be seen to wink of all the day. Shak.

     My custom always of the afternoon. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Of  may be used in a subjective or an objective sense.
     "The love of God" may mean, our love for God, or God's love for us.

     NOTE: &hand; From is the primary sense of this preposition; a sense
     retained in off, the same word differently written for distinction.
     But this radical sense disappears in most of its application; as, a
     man  of  genius; a man of rare endowments; a fossil of a red color,
     or of an hexagonal figure; he lost all hope of relief; an affair of
     the  cabinet;  he is a man of decayed fortune; what is the price of
     corn?  In  these  and  similar  phrases,  of  denotes  property  or
     possession,  or a relation of some sort involving connection. These
     applications,  however  all  proceeded from the same primary sense.
     That  which  proceeds  from,  or is produced by, a person or thing,
     either has had, or still has, a close connection with the same; and
     hence  the  word  was  applied  to  cases  of  mere connection, not
     involving at all the idea of separation.

   Of  consequence,  of  importance,  value,  or  influence.  -- Of late,
   recently;  in  time  not  long past. -- Of old, formerly; in time long
   past.  --  Of  one's  self,  by one's self; without help or prompting;

     Why,  knows  not  Montague, that of itself England is safe, if true
     within itself? Shak.


   Off  (?),  adv.  [OE. of, orig. the same word as R. of, prep., AS. of,
   adv.  &  prep.  \'fb194. See Of.] In a general sense, denoting from or
   away from; as:

   1. Denoting distance or separation; as, the house is a mile off.

   2.  Denoting  the action of removing or separating; separation; as, to
   take  off  the  hat or cloak; to cut off, to pare off, to clip off, to
   peel off, to tear off, to march off, to fly off, and the like.

   3.    Denoting   a   leaving,   abandonment,   departure,   abatement,
   interruption, or remission; as, the fever goes off; the pain goes off;
   the game is off; all bets are off.

   4.  Denoting  a  different  direction; not on or towards: away; as, to
   look off.

   5. Denoting opposition or negation. [Obs.]

     The  questions  no way touch upon puritanism, either off or on. Bp.

   From  off, off from; off. "A live coal...taken with the tongs from off
   the  altar."  Is.  vi.  6.  --  Off  and  on.  (a) Not constantly; not
   regularly; now and then; occasionally. (b) (Naut.) On different tacks,
   now  toward, and now away from, the land. -- To be off. (a) To depart;
   to  escape;  as,  he  was  off  without  a moment's warning. (b) To be
   abandoned,  as an agreement or purpose; as, the bet was declared to be
   off.  [Colloq.]  --  To  come off, To cut off, To fall off, To go off,
   etc.  See under Come, Cut, Fall, Go, etc. -- To get off. (a) To utter;
   to discharge; as, to get off a joke. (b) To go away; to escape; as, to
   get  off  easily  from  a trial. [Colloq.] -- To take off, to mimic or
   personate.<-- also, to take off on, to do a take-off on --> -- To tell
   off  (Mil.),  to  divide  and  practice  a  regiment or company in the
   several  formations, preparatory to marching to the general parade for
   field exercises. Farrow.<-- (b) to criticise --> -- To be well off, to
   be in good condition. -- To be ill off, To be badly off, to be in poor

   Page 998


   Off (?), interj. Away; begone; -- a command to depart.


   Off, prep. Not on; away from; as, to be off one's legs or off the bed;
   two  miles  off the shore. Addison. Off hand. See Offhand. -- Off side
   (Football), out of play; -- said when a player has got in front of the
   ball  in a scrimmage, or when the ball has been last touched by one of
   his  own  side  behind  him.  --  To  be  off  color, to be of a wrong
   color.<-- to be mildly obscene --> -- To be off one's food, to have no
   appetite. (Colloq.)


   Off, a.

   1.  On  the  farther side; most distant; on the side of an animal or a
   team  farthest  from  the  driver  when  he  is on foot; in the United
   States,  the  right  side;  as,  the  off  horse  or  ox in a team, in
   distinction from the nigh or near horse or ox; the off leg.

   2.  Designating  a time when one is not strictly attentive to business
   or  affairs,  or  is  absent  from  his  post, and, hence, a time when
   affairs  are  not  urgent;  as, he took an off day for fishing: an off
   year in politics. "In the off season." Thackeray.
   Off  side.  (a)  The right hand side in driving; the farther side. See
   Gee. (b) (Cricket) See Off, n.


   Off,  n.  (Cricket)  The side of the field that is on the right of the
   wicket keeper.


   Of"fal (?), n. [Off + fall.]

   1. The rejected or waste parts of a butchered animal.

   2. A dead body; carrion. Shak.

   3.  That  which  is thrown away as worthless or unfit for use; refuse;

     The off als of other profession. South.


   Off"cut` (?), n.

   1. That which is cut off.

   2.  (Bookbinding)  A  portion ofthe printed sheet, in certain sizes of
   books, that is cut off before folding.


   Of*fence" (?), n. See Offense.


   Of*fend (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Offended; p. pr. & vb. n. Offending.]
   [OF.  offendre,  L.  offendere,  offensum;  ob (see Ob-) + fendere (in
   comp.) to thrust, dash. See Defend.]

   1. To strike against; to attack; to assail. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.

   2. To displease; to make angry; to affront.

     A  brother  offended  is harder to be won than a strong city. Prov.
     xviii. 19.

   3.  To  be  offensive to; to harm; to pain; to annoy; as, strong light
   offends the eye; to offend the conscience.

   4. To transgress; to violate; to sin against. [Obs.]

     Marry, sir, he hath offended the law. Shak.

   5.  (Script.)  To  oppose or obstruct in duty; to cause to stumble; to
   cause to sin or to fall. [Obs.]

     Who hath you misboden or offended. Chaucer.

     If thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out... And if thy right hand
     offend thee, cut it off. Matt. v. 29, 3O.

     Great  peace have they which love thy law, and nothing shall offend
     them. Ps. cxix. 165.


   Od*fend", v. i.

   1.  To  transgress  the  moral  or  divine  law; to commit a crime; to
   stumble; to sin.

     Whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he
     is guilty of all. James ii. 10.

     If  it be a sin to cevet honor, I am the most offending soul alive.

   2. To cause dislike, anger, or vexation; to displease.

     I shall offend, either to detain or give it. Shak.

   To  offend  against, to do an injury or wrong to; to commit an offense
   against. "We have offended against the Lord already." 2 Chron. xxviii.
   Of*fend"ant (?), n. An offender. [R.] Holland. 


   Of*fend"er  (?),  n. One who offends; one who violates any law, divine
   or human; a wrongdoer.

     I and my son Solomon shall be counted offenders. 1 Kings i. 21.


   Of*fend"ress (?), n. A woman who offends. Shak.

                               Offense, Offence

   Of*fense", Of*fence" (?), n. [F., fr. L. offensa. See Offend.]

   1.  The  act  of  offending  in  any sense; esp., a crime or a sin, an
   affront or an injury.

     Who  was  delivered  for our offenses, and was raised again for our
     justification. Rom. iv. 25.

     I have given my opinion against the authority of two great men, but
     I hope without offense to their memories. Dryden.

   2. The state of being offended or displeased; anger; displeasure.

     He  was  content  to give them just cause of offense, when they had
     power to make just revenge. Sir P. Sidney.

   3. A cause or occasion of stumbling or of sin. [Obs.]

     Woe to that man by whom the offense cometh! Matt. xviii. 7.

     NOTE: &hand; This word, like expense, is often spelled with a c. It
     ought,  however,  to  undergo  the  same  change  with expense, the
     reasons being the same, namely, that s must be used in offensive as
     in  expensive,  and  is found in the Latin offensio, and the French

   To  take  offense,  to feel, or assume to be, injured or affronted; to
   become  angry  or hostile. -- Weapons of offense, those which are used
   in  attack,  in  distinction  from those of defense, which are used to
   repel. Syn. -- Displeasure; umbrage; resentment; misdeed; misdemeanor;
   trespass;  transgression;  delinquency;  fault;  sin;  crime; affront;
   indignity; outrage; insult.
   Of*fense"ful  (?),  a.  Causing  offense;  displeasing;  wrong; as, an
   offenseful act. [R.] 


   Of*fense"less, a. Unoffending; inoffensive.


   Of*fen"si*ble (?), a. That may give offense. [Obs.]


   Of*fen"sion  (?),  n.  [OF.,  fr.  L.  offensio  an offense.] Assault;
   attack. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Of*fen"sive (?), a. [Cf.F. offensif. See Offend.]

   1.  Giving  offense;  causing  displeasure or resentment; displeasing;
   annoying; as, offensive words.

   2.  Giving  pain  or  unpleasant  sensations; disagreeable; revolting;
   noxious;  as,  an offensive smell; offensive sounds. "Offensive to the
   stomach." Bacon.

   3.  Making  the  first  attack;  assailant; aggressive; hence, used in
   attacking;  --  opposed  to defensive; as, an offensive war; offensive
   League offensive and defensive, a leaque that requires all the parties
   to  it to make war together against any foe, and to defend one another
   if   attacked.   Syn.   --   Displeasing;  disagreeable;  distasteful;
   obnoxious;    abhorrent;   disgusting;   impertinent;   rude;   saucy;
   reproachful;  opprobrious;  insulting;  insolent; abusive; scurrilous;
   assailant;   attacking;   invading.   --   Of*fen"sive*ly,   adv.   --
   Of*fen"sive*ness, n.


   Of*fen"sive  (?),  n. The state or posture of one who offends or makes
   attack;  aggressive  attitude;  the  act  of  the  attacking party; --
   opposed  to  defensive.  To  act on the offensive, to be the attacking


   Of"fer  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Offered  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Offering.]  [OE.  offren, AS. offrian to sacrifice, fr. L. offerre; ob
   (see  OB-)  + ferre to bear, bring. The English word was influenced by
   F. offrir to offer, of the same origin. See 1st Bear.]

   1.  To  present,  as  an act of worship; to immolate; to sacrifice; to
   present in prayer or devotion; -- often with up.

     Thou  shalt  offer  every  day  a  bullock  for  a sin offering for
     atonement. Ex. xxix. 36.

     A holy priesthood to offer up spiritual sacrifices. 1 Pet. ii. 5.

   2. To bring to or before; to hold out to; to present for acceptance or
   rejection;  as, to offer a present, or a bribe; to offer one's self in

     I offer thee three things. 2 Sam. xxiv. 12.

   3. To present in words; to proffer; to make a proposal of; to suggest;
   as,  to offer an opinion. With the infinitive as an objective: To make
   an offer; to declare one's willingness; as, he offered to help me.

   4. To attempt; to undertake.

     All that offer to defend him. Shak.

   5.  To  bid, as a price, reward, or wages; as, to offer a guinea for a
   ring; to offer a salary or reward.

   6.  To  put  in  opposition  to;  to  manifest in an offensive way; to
   threaten;  as,  to  offer  violence,  attack, etc. Syn. -- To propose;
   propound; move; proffer; tender; sacrifice; immolate.


   Of"fer, v. i.

   1. To present itself; to be at hand.

     The occasion offers, and the youth complies. Dryden.

   2.  To  make an attempt; to make an essay or a trial; -- used with at.
   "Without offering at any other remedy." Swift.

     He would be offering at the shepherd's voice. L'Estrange.

     I will not offer at that I can not master. Bacon.


   Of"fer (?), n. [Cf. F. offre, fr. offrir to offer, fr. L. offerre. See
   Offer, v. t.]

   1.  The  act  of  offering, bringing forward, proposing, or bidding; a
   proffer; a first advance. "This offer comes from mercy." Shak.

   2. That which is offered or brought forward; a proposal to be accepted
   or rejected; a sum offered; a bid.

     When offers are disdained, and love denied. Pope.

   3.  Attempt;  endeavor; essay; as, he made an offer to catch the ball.
   "Some offer and attempt." South.


   Of"fer*a*ble  (?),  a. Capable of being offered; suitable or worthy to
   be offered.


   Of"fer*er  (?),  n.  One who offers; esp., one who offers something to
   God in worship. Hooker.


   Of"fer*ing, n.

   1. The act of an offerer; a proffering.

   2.  That  which  is  offered,  esp.  in  divine service; that which is
   presented  as  an expiation or atonement for sin, or as a free gift; a
   sacrifice; an oblation; as, sin offering.

     They  are  polluted  offerings more abhorred Than spotted livers in
     the sacrifice. Shak.

   3.  A  sum  of  money  offered, as in church service; as, a missionary
   offering.  Specif.: (Ch. of Eng.) Personal tithes payable according to
   custom,  either  at  certain  seasons  as  Christmas  or Easter, or on
   certain occasions as marriages or christenings.

     [None] to the offering before her should go. Chaucer.

   Burnt offering, Drink offering, etc. See under Burnt. etc.


   Of"fer*to*ry  (?),  n.; pl. Offertories . [L. offertorium the place to
   which offerings were brought, in LL. offertory: cf.F. offertoire.]

   1.  The act of offering, or the thing offered. [Obs. or R.] Bacon. Bp.

   2.  (R.C.Ch.)  (a)  An  anthem  chanted,  or a voluntary played on the
   organ,  during  the offering and first part of the Mass. (b) That part
   of  the  Mass  which the priest reads before uncovering the chalice to
   offer  up  the  elements  for  consecration.  (c)  The oblation of the

   3. (Ch. of Eng. & Prot. Epis. Ch.) (a) The Scripture sentences said or
   sung  during  the  collection  of  the  offerings.  (b)  The offerings


   Of"fer*ture  (?),  n.  [LL.  offertura  an offering.] Offer; proposal;
   overture. [Obs.]

     More offertures and advantages to his crown. Milton.


   Off"hand`  (?),  a.  Instant;  ready;  extemporaneous;  as, an offhand
   speech;  offhand excuses. -- adv. In an offhand manner; as, he replied


   Of"fice  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  L. officium, for opificium; ops ability,
   wealth, holp + facere to do or make. See Opulent, Fact.]

   1.  That  which  a  person does, either voluntarily or by appointment,
   for,  or  with  reference  to,  others; customary duty, or a duty that
   arises  from  the  relations  of  man  to man; as, kind offices, pious

     I would I could do a good office between you. Shak.

   2.  A special duty, trust, charge, or position, conferred by authority
   and  for  a  public  purpose; a position of trust or authority; as, an
   executive or judical office; a municipal office.

   3.  A  charge  or trust, of a sacred nature, conferred by God himself;
   as, the office of a priest under the old dispensation, and that of the
   apostles in the new.

     Inasmuch  as  I  am  the  apostle  of  the Gentiles, I magnify mine
     office. Rom. xi. 13.

   4.  That  which  is  performed, intended, or assigned to be done, by a
   particular  thing,  or  that  which  anything  is fitted to perform; a
   function; -- answering to duty in intelligent beings.

     They [the eyes] resign their office and their light. Shak.

     Hesperus, whose office is to bring Twilight upon the earth. Milton.

     In  this  experiment the several intervals of the teeth of the comb
     do the office of so many prisms. Sir I. Newton.

   5. The place where a particular kind of business or service for others
   is  transacted;  a  house  or  apartment  in which public officers and
   others  transact  business;  as,  the  register's  office;  a lawyer's

   6. The company or corporation, or persons collectively, whose place of
   business is in an office; as, I have notified the office.

   7.  pl.  The  apartments or outhouses in which the domestics discharge
   the  duties attached to the service of a house, as kitchens, pantries,
   stables, etc. [Eng.]

     As for the offices, let them stand at distance. Bacon.

   8. (Eccl.) Any service other than that of ordination and the Mass; any
   prescribed religious service.

     This morning was read in the church, after the office was done, the
     declaration  setting  forth  the late conspiracy against the king's
     person. Evelyn.

   Holy  office. Same as Inquisition, n., 3. -- Houses of office. Same as
   def.  7  above. Chaucer. -- Little office (R.C.Ch.), an office recited
   in honor of the Virgin Mary. -- Office bearer, an officer; one who has
   a  specific  office  or  duty  to  perform.  --  Office copy (Law), an
   authenticated  or  certified copy of a record, from the proper office.
   See  Certified  copies, under Copy. Abbott. -- Office-found (Law), the
   finding  of an inquest of office. See under Inquest. -- Office holder.
   See Officeholder in the Vocabulary


   Of`fice  (?),  v.  t.  To  perform,  as  the  duties  of an office; to
   discharge. [Obs.] Shak.


   Of"fice*hold"er  (?),  n.  An  officer,  particularly one in the civil
   service; a placeman.


   Of"fi*cer (?), n. [F. officier. See Office, and cf. Official, n.]

   1. One who holds an office; a person lawfully invested with an office,
   whether  civil,  military,  or ecclesiastical; as, a church officer; a
   police officer; a staff officer. "I am an officer of state." Shak.

   2.  (U.  S. Mil.) Specifically, a commissioned officer, in distinction
   from a warrant officer.
   Field officer, General officer, etc. See under Field, General. etc. --
   Officer of the day (Mil.), the officer who, on a given day, has charge
   for  that day of the quard, prisoners, and police of the post or camp.
   --  Officer  of the deck, OR Officer of the watch (Naut.), the officer
   temporarily in charge on the deck of a vessel, esp. a war vessel.


   Of"fi*cer,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Officered  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To furnish with officers; to appoint officers over. Marshall.

   2. To command as an officer; as, veterans from old regiments officered
   the recruits.


   Of*fi"cial  (?),  a.  [L. officialis: cf. F. officiel. See Office, and
   cf. Official, n.]

   1. Of or pertaining to an office or public trust; as, official duties,
   or routine.

     That,  in the official marks invested, you Anon do meet the senate.

   2.  Derived  from  the  proper  office  or officer, or from the proper
   authority;  made  or  communicated  by  virtue  of  authority;  as, an
   official statement or report.

   3.  (Pharm.) Approved by authority; sanctioned by the pharmacop\'d2ia;
   appointed to be used in medicine; as, an official drug or preparation.
   Cf. Officinal.

   4. Discharging an office or function. [Obs.]

     The stomach and other parts official unto nutrition. Sir T. Browne.


   Of*fi"cial,  n.  [L.  officialis  a magistrate's servant or attendant:
   cf.F. official. See Official, a., and cf. Officer.]

   1.  One  who holds an office; esp., a subordinate executive officer or

   2. An ecclesiastical judge appointed by a bishop, chapter, archdeacon,
   etc., with charge of the spiritual jurisdiction. Blackstone.


   Of*fi"cial*ism  (?),  n.  The  state  of  being  official; a system of
   official government; also, adherence to office routine; red-tapism.

     Officialism may often drift into blunders. Smiles.


   Of*fi`ci*al`i*ly (?), n. See Officialty.


   Of*fi"cial*ly (?), adv. By the proper officer; by virtue of the proper
   authority;  in pursuance of the special powers vested in an officer or
   office;  as,  accounts  or  reports  officially vertified or rendered;
   letters officially communicated; persons officially notified.


   Of*fi"cial*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf.F.  officialit\'82.]  The charge, office,
   court, or jurisdiction of an official. Ayliffe.


   Of*fi"ciant  (?),  n. [L. officians, p.pr. See Officiate.] (Eccl.) The
   officer  who  officiates  or performs an office, as the burial office.


   Of*fi"ci*a*ry  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to an office or an officer;
   official. [R.] Heylin.


   Of*fi"ci*ate  (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Officiated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Officiating.]  [LL.  officiare.  See  Office.] To act as an officer in
   performing  a  duty;  to  transact the business of an office or public
   trust; to conduct a public service. Bp. Stillingfleet.


   Of*fi"ci*ate,  v.  t. To discharge, perform, or supply, as an official
   duty or function. [Obs.]

     Merely to officiate light Round this opacous earth. Milton.


   Of*fi"ci*a`tor (?), n. One who officiates. Tylor.


   Of*fic"i*nal  (?),  a.  [F.,  fr.  L.  officina  a workshop, contr.fr.
   opificina, fr. opifex a workman; opus work + facere to make or do.]

   1. Used in a shop, or belonging to it. [Obs. or R.] Johnson.

   2.  (Pharm.)  Kept in stock by apothecaries; -- said of such drugs and
   medicines   as   may   be  obtained  without  special  preparation  or
   compounding; not magistral.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is term is often interchanged with official, but in
     strict  use  officinal  drugs  are  not  necessarily  official. See
     Official, a., 3.


   Of*fi"cious (?), a. [L. officiosus: cf.F. officieux. See Office.]

   1. Pertaining to, or being in accordance with, duty. [R.]

     If  there  were  any  lie  in the case, it could be no more than as
     officious and venial one. Note on Gen. xxvii. (Douay version).

   2. Disposed to serve; kind; obliging. [Archaic]

     Yet not to earth are those bright luminaries Officious. Milton.

     They   were  tolerably  well  bred,  very  officious,  humane,  and
     hospitable. Burke.

   3.  Importunately  interposing  services;  intermeddling in affairs in
   which one has no concern; meddlesome.

     You  are  too  officious  In  her behalf that scorns your services.

   Syn.  --  Impertinent;  meddling.  See Impertinent. -- Of*fi"cious*ly,
   adv. -- Of*fi"cious*ness, n.

   Page 999


   Off"ing  (?),  n.  [From Off.] That part of the sea at a good distance
   from  the  shore, or where there is deep water and no need of a pilot;
   also,  distance  from the shore; as, the ship had ten miles offing; we
   saw  a  ship  in  the  offing. <-- hence, coming, arriving in the near
   future -->


   Off"ish, a. Shy or distant in manner. [Colloq. U.S.]


   Off"let, n. [Off + let.] A pipe to let off water.


   Off"scour`ing (?), n. [Off + scour.] That which is scoured off; hence,
   refuse; rejected matter; that which is vile or despised. Lam. iii. 45.


   Off"scum` (?), n. [Off + scum.] Removed scum; refuse; dross.


   Off"set`  (?),  n. [Off + set. Cf. Set-off.] In general, that which is
   set off, from, before, or against, something; as: --

   1.  (Bot.)  A  short  prostrate shoot, which takes root and produces a
   tuft of leaves, etc. See Illust. of Houseleek.

   2. A sum, account, or value set off against another sum or account, as
   an   equivalent;  hence,  anything  which  is  given  in  exchange  or
   retaliation; a set-off.

   3. A spur from a range of hills or mountains.

   4.  (Arch.)  A  horizontal  ledge  on  the face of a wall, formed by a
   diminution  of its thickness, or by the weathering or upper surface of
   a part built out from it; -- called also set-off.

   5.  (Surv.)  A  short  distance  measured  at right angles from a line
   actually  run  to  some  point  in  an  irregular boundary, or to some

   6. (Mech.) An abrupt bend in an object, as a rod, by which one part is
   turned aside out of line, but nearly parallel, with the rest; the part
   thus bent aside.

   7.  (Print.)  A  more  or  less distinct transfer of a printed page or
   picture  to  the  opposite  page,  when the pages are pressed together
   before the ink is dry or when it is poor.
   Offset staff (Surv.), a rod, usually ten links long, used in measuring
   offsets. <-- offset printing. see def. 7 -->


   Off*set" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Offset; p. pr. & vb. n. Offsetting.]

   1.  To  set  off; to place over against; to balance; as, to offset one
   account or charge against another.

   2. To form an offset in, as in a wall, rod, pipe, etc.


   Off"set, v. i. (Printing) To make an offset.


   Off"shoot`  (?),  n. [Off + shoot.] That which shoots off or separates
   from  a main stem, channel, family, race, etc.; as, the offshoots of a


   Off"shore"  (?),  a. From the shore; as, an offshore wind; an offshore


   Off"skip` (?), n. [Off + -skip, as in landskip.] (Paint.) That part of
   a  landscape  which  recedes  from  the  spectator into distance. [R.]


   Off"spring` (?), n.sing. & pl. [Off + spring.]

   1. The act of production; generation. [Obs.]

   2.  That  which  is  produced;  a  child  or children; a descendant or
   descendants, however remote from the stock.

     To  the  gods  alone  Our future offspring and our wives are known.

   3. Origin; lineage; family. [Obs.] Fairfax.

                            Offuscate, Offuscation

   Of*fus"cate  (?),  Of`fus*ca`tion  (?).  See  Obfuscate,  Obfuscation.


   Oft  (&ocr;ft;  115),  adv. [AS. oft; akin to OS. & G. oft, OHG. ofto,
   Sw.  ofta,  Dan.  ofte, Icel.opt, Goth. ufta; of uncertain origin. Cf.
   Often.] Often; frequently; not rarely; many times. [Poetic] Chaucer.

     Oft she rejects, but never once offends. Pope.


   Oft, a. Frequent; often; repeated. [Poetic]


   Of`ten  (?),  adv.  [Compar. Oftener (?); superl. Oftenest.] [Formerly
   also  ofte,  fr.  oft.  See  Oft.,  adv.]  Frequently; many times; not


   Of"ten, a. Frequent; common; repeated. [R.] "Thine often infirmities."
   1 Tim. v. 23.

     And weary thee with often welcomes. Beau. & Fl.


   Of"ten*ness, n. Frequency. Hooker.


   Of"ten*sith (?), adv. [Often + sith time.] Frequently; often. [Obs.]

     For whom I sighed have so oftensith. Gascoigne.


   Of"ten*tide"  (?), adv. [Often + tide time.] Frequently; often. [Obs.]
   Robert of Brunne.


   Of"ten*times` (?), adv. [Often + time. Cf. -wards.] Frequently; often;
   many times. Wordsworth.


   Oft"er (?), adv. Compar. of Oft. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Oft"times`  (?),  adv.  [Oft  +  time. Cf. -wards.] Frequently; often.


   Og"am (?), n. Same as Ogham.


   Og"do*ad (?), n. [Gr. , , from A thing made up of eight parts. Milman.


   Og`do*as`tich (?), n. [Gr. A poem of eight lines. [Obs.] Selden


   O*gee"  (?),  n.  [F.  ogive, augive, LL. augiva, of uncertain origin;
   cf.LL.  ogis  a  support, prop. L. augere to increase, strengthen, Sp.
   auge   highest  point  of  power  or  fortune,  apogee,  Ar.  auj,  an
   astronomical term.]

   1.  (Arch.)  A molding, the section of which is the form of the letter
   S, with the convex part above; cyma reversa. See Illust. under Cyma.

   2. Hence, any similar figure used for any purpose.
   Ogee  arch (Arch.), a pointed arch, each of the sides of which has the
   curve of an ogee, that is, has a reversed curve near the apex.

                                 Ogeechee lime

   O*gee"chee  lime`  (?). [So named from the Ogeechee River in Georgia.]
   (Bot.)  (a)  The  acid, olive-shaped, drupaceous fruit of a species of
   tupelo  (Nyssa capitata) which grows in swamps in Georgia and Florida.
   (b) The tree which bears this fruit.


   Og`ga*ni"tion (?), n. [L.oggannire to snarl at; ob (see Ob-) + gannire
   to yelp.] Snarling; grumbling. [R.] Bp. Montagu.


   Og"ham  (?),  n.  [Ir.]  A particular kind of writing practiced by the
   ancient  Irish,  and  found  in  inscriptions  on stones, metals, etc.
   [Written also ogam.]


   O"give  (?),  n.  [F.  ogive,  OF. augive a pointed arch, LL. augiva a
   double  arch  of  two  at right angles.] (Arch.) The arch or rib which
   crosses a Gothic vault diagonally.


   O"gle  (&omac;g'l),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Ogled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ogling (?).] [From a Dutch word corresponding to G. \'84ugeln to ogle,
   fr. auge eye; cf. D. ooglonken to ogle, OD. oogen to cast sheep's eyes
   upon,  ooge eye. See Eye.] To view or look at with side glances, as in
   fondness, or with a design to attract notice.

     And ogling all their audience, ere they speak. Dryden.


   O"gle, n. An amorous side glance or look. Byron.


   O"gler (?), n. One who ogles. Addison.


   O"gli*o (?), n. See Olio.


   O"gre  (?), n. [F., fr. Sp. ogro, fr. L. Orcus the god of the infernal
   regions;  also,  the  lower  world,  hell.]  An  imaginary monster, or
   hideous  giant  of  fairy tales, who lived on human beings; hence, any
   frightful giant; a cruel monster.

     His schoolroom must have resembled an ogre's den. Maccaulay.


   O"gre*ish,  a.  Resembling an ogre; having the character or appearance
   of  an  ogre;  suitable  for an ogre. "An ogreish kind of jocularity."


   O"gress (?), n. [F.ogresse. See Ogre.] A female ogre. Tennyson.

                                Ogreism, Ogrism

   O"gre*ism (?), O"grism (?), n. The character or manners of an ogre.


   O*gyg"i*an  (?),  a.  [L.  Ogygius,  Gr. Of or pertaining to Ogyges, a
   mythical king of ancient Attica, or to a great deluge in Attica in his
   days; hence, primeval; of obscure antiquity.


   Oh  (?),  interj.  [See  O, interj.] An exclamation expressing various
   emotions, according to the tone and manner, especially surprise, pain,
   sorrow, anxiety, or a wish. See the Note under O.


   Ohm (?), n. [So called from the German electrician, G.S. Ohm.] (Elec.)
   The  standard  unit in the measure of electrical resistance, being the
   resistance  of  a  circuit in which a potential difference of one volt
   produces  a  current of one amp\'82re. As defined by the International
   Electrical  Congress  in  1893,  and by United States Statute, it is a
   resistance  substantially  equal  to  109  units  of resistance of the
   C.G.S.  system  of  electro-magnetic  units, and is represented by the
   resistance  offered  to  an  unvarying electric current by a column of
   mercury  at the temperature of melting ice 14.4521 grams in mass, of a
   constant cross-sectional area, and of the length of 106.3 centimeters.
   As thus defined it is called the international ohm. Ohm's law (Elec.),
   the  statement  of  the  fact  that  the  strength  or intensity of an
   electrical  current  is  directly  proportional  to the electro-motive
   force, and inversely proportional to the resistance of the circuit.


   O*ho" (?), interj. An exclamation of surprise, etc.


   -oid  (?).  [Gr.  wit:  cf.F.  -o\'8bde,  L.  -o\'8bdes.]  A suffix or
   combining  form  meaning  like,  resembling,  in  the  form  of; as in
   anthropoid, asteroid, spheroid.


   O*\'8bd"i*um (?), n. [NL., dim. fr. Gr. (Bot.) A genus of minute fungi
   which  form  a floccose mass of filaments on decaying fruit, etc. Many
   forms  once  referred  to  this genus are now believed to be temporary
   conditions  of  fungi  of  other  genera,  among  them the vine mildew
   (O\'8bdium Tuckeri), which has caused much injury to grapes.


   Oil  (?),  n. [OE. oile, OF. oile, F. huile, fr. L. oleum; akin to Gr.
   Olive.] Any one of a great variety of unctuous combustible substances,
   not miscible with water; as, olive oil, whale oil, rock oil, etc. They
   are of animal, vegetable, or mineral origin and of varied composition,
   and  they  are  variously  used for food, for solvents, for anointing,
   lubrication, illumination, etc. By extension, any substance of an oily
   consistency; as, oil of vitriol.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e mi neral oi ls ar e va rieties of  petroleum. See
     Petroleum.  The  vegetable  oils are of two classes, essential oils
     (see  under  Essential), and natural oils which in general resemble
     the  animal  oils and fats. Most of the natural oils and the animal
     oils  and  fats consist of ethereal salts of glycerin, with a large
     number  of organic acids, principally stearic, oleic, and palmitic,
     forming  respectively  stearin,  olein,  and  palmitin. Stearin and
     palmitin  prevail  in  the  solid  oils  and fats, and olein in the
     liquid  oils.  Mutton  tallow,  beef  tallow,  and lard are rich in
     stearin,  human  fat  and  palm  oil  in  palmitin,  and  sperm and
     cod-liver  oils  in  olein.  In  making  soaps, the acids leave the
     glycerin and unite with the soda or potash.

   Animal  oil,  Bone  oil, Dipple's oil, etc. (Old Chem.), a complex oil
   obtained  by the distillation of animal substances, as bones. See Bone
   oil,  under  Bone.  --  Drying oils, Essential oils. (Chem.) See under
   Drying,  and  Essential.  --  Ethereal oil of wine, Heavy oil of wine.
   (Chem.)  See under Ethereal. -- Fixed oil. (Chem.) See under Fixed. --
   Oil  bag (Zo\'94l.), a bag, cyst, or gland in animals, containing oil.
   --  Oil  beetle  (Zo\'94l.),  any beetle of the genus Meloe and allied
   genera.  When  disturbed  they  emit  from  the  joints  of the legs a
   yellowish oily liquor. Some species possess vesicating properties, and
   are  used instead of cantharides. -- Oil box, OR Oil cellar (Mach.), a
   fixed  box  or reservoir, for lubricating a bearing; esp., the box for
   oil  beneath the journal of a railway-car axle. -- Oil cake. See under
   Cake.  -- Oil cock, a stopcock connected with an oil cup. See Oil cup.
   --  Oil  color.  (a)  A paint made by grinding a coloring substance in
   oil.  (b) Such paints, taken in a general sense.<-- (c)a painting made
   from  such  a  paint  -->  --  Oil  cup,  a  cup, or small receptacle,
   connected  with a bearing as a lubricator, and usually provided with a
   wick, wire, or adjustable valve for regulating the delivery of oil. --
   Oil   engine,  a  gas  engine  worked  with  the  explosive  vapor  of
   petroleum.<--  =  gasoline  engine?  -->  --  Oil gas, inflammable gas
   procured  from oil, and used for lighting streets, houses, etc. -- Oil
   gland. (a) (Zo\'94l.) A gland which secretes oil; especially in birds,
   the  large  gland at the base of the tail. (b) (Bot.) A gland, in some
   plants, producing oil. -- Oil green, a pale yellowish green, like oil.
   --  Oil  of  brick,  empyreumatic  oil  obtained by subjecting a brick
   soaked  in  oil  to  distillation  at  a  high temperature, -- used by
   lapidaries  as  a  vehicle  for the emery by which stones and gems are
   sawn  or  cut.  Brande & C. -- Oil of talc, a nostrum made of calcined
   talc,  and famous in the 17th century as a cosmetic. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
   --  Oil  of  vitriol (Chem.), strong sulphuric acid; -- so called from
   its  oily  consistency and from its forming the vitriols or sulphates.
   -- Oil of wine, nanthic ether. See under nanthic. -- Oil painting. (a)
   The  art  of painting in oil colors. (b) Any kind of painting of which
   the  pigments are originally ground in oil. -- Oil palm (Bot.), a palm
   tree   whose  fruit  furnishes  oil,  esp.  El\'91is  Guineensis.  See
   El\'91is.  --  Oil  sardine (Zo\'94l.), an East Indian herring (Clupea
   scombrina),  valued for its oil. -- Oil shark (Zo\'94l.) (a) The liver
   shark.  (b) The tope. -- Oil still, a still for hydrocarbons, esp. for
   petroleum.  --  Oil  test,  a  test for determining the temperature at
   which petroleum oils give off vapor which is liable to explode. -- Oil
   tree.  (Bot.) (a) A plant of the genus Ricinus (R. communis), from the
   seeds  of which castor oil is obtained. (b) An Indian tree, the mahwa.
   See  Mahwa. (c) The oil palm. -- To burn the midnight oil, to study or
   work  late  at  night.  --  Volatle  oils.  See  Essential oils, under


   Oil  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Oiled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Oiling.] To
   smear or rub over with oil; to lubricate with oil; to anoint with oil.


   Oil"bird` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Guacharo.


   Oil"cloth"  (?),  n.  Cloth  treated  with  oil or paint, and used for
   marking garments, covering flooors, etc.


   Oiled (?), a. Covered or treated with oil; dressed with, or soaked in,
   oil.  Oiled  silk,  silk rendered waterproof by saturation with boiled


   Oil"er (?), n.

   1. One who deals in oils.

   2. One who, or that which, oils.


   Oil"er*y  (?),  n.  [Cf.F.  huilerie.]  The  business,  the  place  of
   business, or the goods, of a maker of, or dealer in, oils.


   Oil"i*ness (?), n. The quality of being oily. Bacon.


   Oil"let (?), n. [See Eyelet.] (Arch.) (a) A small opening or loophole,
   sometimes  circular,  used  in medi\'91val fortifications. (b) A small
   circular  opening, and ring of moldings surrounding it, used in window
   tracery in Gothic architecture. [Written also oylet.]


   Oil"man  (?),  n.;  pl. Oilmen (. One who deals in oils; formerly, one
   who  dealt  in  oils  and pickles. <-- 2. one working in the petroleum
   industry, esp. an oil company executive. -->


   Oil"nut`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  The  buffalo  nut.  See Buffalo nut, under

     NOTE: &hand; Th e na me is  al so applied to various nuts and seeds
     yielding oil, as the butternut, cocoanut, oil-palm nut.


   Oil"seed`  (?), n. (Bot.) (a) Seed from which oil is expressed, as the
   castor  bean; also, the plant yielding such seed. See Castor bean. (b)
   A cruciferous herb (Camelina sativa). (c) The sesame.


   Oil"skin` (?), n. Cloth made waterproof by oil.


   Oil"stone`  (?),  n.  A  variety of hone slate, or whetstone, used for
   whetting tools when lubricated with oil.


   Oil"y (?), a. [Compar. Oilier (?); superl. Oiliest.]

   1.  Consisting  of oil; containing oil; having the nature or qualities
   of oil; unctuous; oleaginous; as, oily matter or substance. Bacon.

   2.  Covered  with  oil;  greasy;  hence,  resembling  oil; as, an oily

   3.  Smoothly  subservient;  supple; compliant; plausible; insinuating.
   "This oily rascal." Shak.

     His oily compliance in all alterations. Fuller.

   Oily grain (Bot.), the sesame. -- Oily palm, the oil palm.


   Oi"ne*ment (?), n. Ointment. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Oi`no*ma"ni*a (?), n. See \'d2nomania.


   Oint  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Ointed; p. pr & vb. n. Ointing.] [F.
   oint,  p.p.  of  oindre,  L. ungere. See Anoint, Ointment.] To anoint.
   [Obs.] Dryden.


   Oint"ment  (?),  n.  [OE.  oinement,  OF.  oignement,  fr.F. oindre to
   anoint,  L.  ungere,  unguere;  akin  to  Skr.  a,  and to G. anke (in
   Switzerland)  butter.  The  first  t  in  the  E.  word  is due to the
   influence  of  anoint.  Cf.  Anoint,  Unguent.]  That  which serves to
   anoint; any soft unctuous substance used for smearing or anointing; an


   O*jib"ways (?), n. pl.; sing. Ojibway. (Ethnol.) Same as Chippeways.


   O"jo  (?),  n. [Sp., prop., an eye.] A spring, surrounded by rushes or
   rank grass; an oasis. [Southwestern U.S.] Bartlett.


   Oke  (?),  n.  [Turk.  okkah,  fr. Ar. &umac;k&imac;yah, wak&imac;yah,
   prob. fr. Gr. uncia. Cf. Ounce a weight.]

   1. A Turkish and Egyptian weight, equal to about 2 pounds.

   2. An Hungarian and Wallachian measure, equal to about 2 pints.


   O"ken*ite  (?),  n.  [Prob.  from  Lorenz  Oken, a German naturalist.]
   (Min.)  A  massive  and  fibrous  mineral  of a whitish color, chiefly
   hydrous silicate of lime.


   O"ker (?), n. (Min.) See Ocher.


   O"kra  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  An  annual  plant  (Abelmoschus, OR Hibiscus,
   esculentus),  whose  green pods, abounding in nutritious mucilage, are
   much  used for soups, stews, or pickles; gumbo. [Written also ocra and


   -ol  (?). [From alcohol.] (Chem.) A suffix denoting that the substance
   in  the  name of which it appears belongs to the series of alcohols or
   hydroxyl derivatives, as carbinol, glycerol, etc.

   Page 1000

   Page 1000


   O"lay  (?),  n.  pl.  [Tamil \'d3lai.] Palm leaves, prepared for being
   written  upon  with  a  style  pointed with steel. [Written also ola.]
   Balfour (Cyc. of India).


   Old (?), n. Open country. [Obs.] See World. Shak.


   Old,  a.  [Compar. Older (?); superl. Oldest.] [OE. old, ald, AS. ald,
   eald; akin to D. oud, OS. ald, OFries. ald, old, G. alt, Goth. alpeis,
   and  also  to Goth. alan to grow up, Icel. ala to bear, produce, bring
   up, L. alere to nourish. Cf. Adult, Alderman, Aliment, Auld, Elder.]

   1.  Not young; advanced far in years or life; having lived till toward
   the end of the ordinary term of living; as, an old man; an old age; an
   old horse; an old tree.

     Let not old age disgrace my high desire. Sir P. Sidney.

     The melancholy news that we grow old. Young.

   2. Not new or fresh; not recently made or produced; having existed for
   a  long  time; as, old wine; an old friendship. "An old acquaintance."

   3. Formerly existing; ancient; not modern; preceding; original; as, an
   old  law;  an old custom; an old promise. "The old schools of Greece."
   Milton. "The character of the old Ligurians." Addison.

   4.  Continued  in life; advanced in the course of existence; having (a
   certain)  length  of  existence; -- designating the age of a person or
   thing; as, an infant a few hours old; a cathedral centuries old.

     And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, How old art thou? Cen. xlvii. 8.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th is us e ol d re gularly fo llows th e noun that
     designates the age; as, she was eight years old.

   5.  Long  practiced;  hence, skilled; experienced; cunning; as, an old
   offender; old in vice.

     Vane, young in years, but in sage counsel old. Milton.

   6. Long cultivated; as, an old farm; old land, as opposed to new land,
   that is, to land lately cleared.

   7.  Worn  out;  weakened or exhausted by use; past usefulness; as, old
   shoes; old clothes.

   8. More than enough; abundant. [Obs.]

     If  a  man were porter of hell gate, he should have old turning the
     key. Shak.

   9.  Aged;  antiquated;  hence,  wanting  in  the mental vigor or other
   qualities  belonging  to  youth;  --  used  disparagingly as a term of

   10.  Old-fashioned;  wonted;  customary;  as  of old; as, the good old
   times; hence, colloquially, gay; jolly.

   11. Used colloquially as a term of cordiality and familiarity. "Go thy
   ways, old lad." Shak.
   Old  age,  advanced years; the latter period of life. -- Old bachelor.
   See Bachelor, 1. -- Old Catholics. See under Catholic. -- Old English.
   See  under English. n., 2. -- Old Nick, Old Scratch, the devil. -- Old
   lady  (Zo\'94l.),  a large European noctuid moth (Mormo maura). -- Old
   maid.  (a)  A  woman,  somewhat  advanced in years, who has never been
   married;   a   spinster.  (b)  (Bot.)  A  West  Indian  name  for  the
   pink-flowered  periwinkle  (Vinca  rosea). (c) A simple game of cards,
   played  by matching them. The person with whom the odd card is left is
   the  old  maid.  --  Old  man's  beard.  (Bot.) (a) The traveler's joy
   (Clematis  Vitalba).  So named from the abundant long feathery awns of
   its  fruit. (b) The Tillandsia usneoides. See Tillandsia. -- Old man's
   head (Bot.), a columnar cactus (Pilocereus senilis), native of Mexico,
   covered  towards  the  top with long white hairs. -- Old red sandstone
   (Geol.),  a  series of red sandstone rocks situated below the rocks of
   the  Carboniferous  age  and  comprising  various  strata of siliceous
   sandstones and conglomerates. See Sandstone, and the Chart of Geology.
   --  Old  school,  a  school  or  party  belonging to a former time, or
   preserving  the character, manner, or opinious of a former time; as, a
   gentleman  of the old school; -- used also adjectively; as, Old-School
   Presbyterians.  --  Old  sledge,  an old and well-known game of cards,
   called also all fours, and high, low, Jack, and the game. -- Old squaw
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  duck (Clangula hyemalis) inhabiting the northern parts
   of both hemispheres. The adult male is varied with black and white and
   is remarkable for the length of its tail. Called also longtailed duck,
   south  southerly, callow, hareld, and old wife. -- Old style. (Chron.)
   See  the  Note  under Style. -- Old Testament. See under Testament. --
   Old  wife.  [In the senses b and cwritten also oldwife.] (a) A prating
   old woman; a gossip.

     Refuse profane and old wives' fables. 1 Tim. iv. 7.

   (b) (Zo\'94l.) The local name of various fishes, as the European black
   sea  bream  (Cantharus  lineatus),  the  American  alewife,  etc.  (c)
   (Zo\'94l.)   A  duck;  the  old  squaw.  --  Old  World,  the  Eastern
   Hemisphere.  Syn.  --  Aged;  ancient;  pristine;  primitive; antique;
   antiquated; old-fashioned; obsolete. See Ancient.


   Old"en  (?),  a.  Old; ancient; as, the olden time. "A minstrel of the
   olden stamp." J. C. Shairp.


   Old"en, v. i. To grow old; to age. [R.]

     She had oldened in that time. Thackeray.


   Old`-fash"ioned (?), a. Formed according to old or obsolete fashion or
   pattern; adhering to old customs or ideas; as, an old-fashioned dress,
   girl. "Old-fashioned men of wit." Addison.

     This old-fashioned, quaint abode. Longfellow.


   Old`-gen"tle*man*ly  (?),  a.  Pertaining to an old gentleman, or like
   one. Byron.


   Old"ish, a. Somewhat old.

                                 Old lang syne

   Old` lang syne" (?). See Auld lang syne.


   Old`-maid"ish (?), a. Like an old maid; prim; precise; particular.


   Old`-maid"ism (?), n. The condition or characteristics of an old maid.
   G. Eliot.


   Old"ness, n. The state or quality of being old; old age.


   Old"ster  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Youngster.]  An  old  person.  [Jocular]  H.


   Old`-wom`an*ish    (?),    a.   Like   an   old   woman;   anile.   --
   Old`-wom"an*ish*ness, n.


   O"le*a  (?),  n.  [L.  olive.  See  Olive.]  (Bot.)  A  genus of trees
   including the olive.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e Ch inese Ol ea fragrans, noted for its fragrance,
     and  the  American  devilwood  (Olea  Americana)  are  now  usually
     referred to another genus (Osmanthus).


   O`le*a"ceous  (?),  a.  [L. ol\'82aceus of the olive tree.] (Bot.) Of,
   pertaining  to, or resembling, a natural order of plants (Oleace\'91),
   mostly  trees  and shrubs, of which the olive is the type. It includes
   also the ash, the lilac, the true jasmine, and fringe tree.


   O`le*ag`i*nous  (?),  a.  [L.  oleaginus, oleagineus, belonging to the
   olive,  fr.  olea olive: cf. F. ol\'82agineux. See Olive, Oil.] Having
   the nature or qualities of oil; oily; unctuous.


   O`le*ag`i*nous*ness, n. Oiliness. Boyle.


   O`le*a"men  (?),  n.  [L.]  (Med.)  A soft ointment prepared from oil.


   O`le*an"der (?), n. [F. ol\'82andre (cf. It. oleandro, LL. lorandrum),
   prob.  corrupted,  under  the  influence  of  laurus  laurel,  fr.  L.
   rhododendron,  Gr.  (Bot.)  A beautiful evergreen shrub of the Dogbane
   family, having clusters of fragrant red or white flowers. It is native
   of the East Indies, but the red variety has become common in the south
   of Europe. Called also rosebay, rose laurel, and South-sea rose.

     NOTE: &hand; Ev ery part of the plant is dangerously poisonous, and
     death has occured from using its wood for skewers in cooking meat.


   O`le*an"drine  (?),  n.  (Chem.) One of several alkaloids found in the
   leaves of the oleander.


   O`le*as"ter  (?), n. [L., fr. olea olive tree. See Olive, Oil.] (Bot.)
   (a)  The  wild  olive  tree  (Olea  Europea, var. sylvestris). (b) Any
   species  of  the  genus  El\'91agus.  See  Eleagnus. The small silvery
   berries  of  the  common  species  (El\'91agnus  hortensis) are called
   Trebizond dates, and are made into cakes by the Arabs.


   O"le*ate (?), n. [Cf.F. ol\'82ate.] (Chem.) A salt of oleic acid. Some
   oleates,  as  the  oleate  of  mercury, are used in medicine by way of


   O*lec"ra*nal (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the olecranon.


   O*lec"ra*non  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.Gr. (Anat.) The large process at the
   proximal  end  of the ulna which projects behind the articulation with
   the humerus and forms the bony prominence of the elbow.


   O*le"fi*ant  (?),  a.  [F.  ol\'82fiant, fr.L. oleum oil + -ficare (in
   comp.).  Cf.  -Fy.] (Chem.) Forming or producing an oil; specifically,
   designating a colorless gaseous hydrocarbon called ethylene. [Archaic]


   O"le*fine  (?), n. [From Olefiant.] (Chem.) Olefiant gas, or ethylene;
   hence, by extension, any one of the series of unsaturated hydrocarbons
   of which ethylene is a type. See Ethylene.


   O"le*ic  (?),  a.  [L.  oleum oil: cf. F. ol\'82ique.] (Physiol.Chem.)
   Pertaining  to, derived from, or contained in, oil; as, oleic acid, an
   acid  of  the  acrylic acid series found combined with glyceryl in the
   form  of  olein in certain animal and vegetable fats and oils, such as
   sperm   oil,   olive  oil,  etc.  At  low  temperatures  the  acid  is
   crystalline, but melts to an oily liquid above 14


   O`le*if`er*ous (?), a. [L. oleum oil + -ferous: cf.F. ol\'82if\'82re.]
   Producing oil; as, oleiferous seeds.


   O"le*in  (?),  n. [L. oleum oil: cf. F. ol\'82ine.] (Physiol. Chem.) A
   fat,  liquid at ordinary temperatures, but solidifying at temperatures
   below  0\'f8  C.,  found  abundantly  in both the animal and vegetable
   kingdoms  (see  Palmitin).  It  dissolves  solid  fats,  especially at
   30-40\'f8  C.  Chemically, olein is a glyceride of oleic acid; and, as
   three  molecules of the acid are united to one molecule of glyceryl to
   form  the  fat, it is technically known as triolein. It is also called


   O"lent  (?),  a. [L. olens, p.pr. of olere to smell.] Scented. [R.] R.


   O`le*o*graph (?), n. [L. oleum oil + -graph.]

   1.  (Chem.)  The  form  or figure assumed by a drop of oil when placed
   upon water or some other liquid with which it does not mix.

   2.  (Painting)  A  picture  produced in oils by a process analogous to
   that of lithographic printing.


   O`le*o*mar"ga*rine  (?),  n.  [L. oleum oil + E. margarine, margarin.]
   [Written also oleomargarin.]

   1.  A  liquid  oil made from animal fats (esp. beef fat) by separating
   the  greater  portion of the solid fat or stearin, by crystallization.
   It is mainly a mixture of olein and palmitin with some little stearin.

   2.  An  artificial  butter made by churning this oil with more or less

     NOTE: &hand; Ol eomargarine was wrongly so named, as it contains no
     margarin  proper,  but  olein,  palmitin, and stearin, a mixture of
     palmitin  and  stearin  having  formerly  been  called  margarin by


   O`le*om`e*ter  (?),  n. [L. oleum oil + -meter.] (Chem.) An instrument
   for ascertaining the weight and purity of oil; an elaiometer.


   O"le*one  (?),  n.  [L.  oleum  +  -one,  1.]  (Chem.) An oily liquid,
   obtained by distillation of calcium oleate, and probably consisting of
   the ketone of oleic acid.


   O`le*op"tene (?), n. [L. oleum oil + Cr. (Chem.) See Eleoptene. [R.]


   O`le*o*res"in (?), n. [L.oleum oil + E. resin.]

   1. (Chem.) A natural mixture of a terebinthinate oil and a resin.

   2.  (Med.)  A  liquid  or  semiliquid  preparation  extracted (as from
   capsicum,  cubebs,  or  ginger)  by  means of ether, and consisting of
   fixed  or volatile oil holding resin in solution. -- O`le*o*res"in*ous
   (#), a.

                                Oleose, Oleous

   O"le*ose`  (?),  O"le*ous  (?),  a. [L. oleosus, fr. oleum oil.] Oily.
   [R.] Ray. Floyer.


   O`le*os"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  state  or  quality  of being oily or fat;
   fatness. [R.] B. Jonson.


   Ol`er*a"ceous  (?), a. [L. oleraceus, from olus, oleris, garden or pot
   herbs,  vegetables.]  Pertaining to pot herbs; of the nature or having
   the qualities of herbs for cookery; esculent. Sir T. Browne.


   Olf  (?),  n.  [Etymol. uncertain.] (Zo\'94l.) The European bullfinch.


   Ol*fac"tion (?), n. [See Olfactory.] (Physiol.) The sense by which the
   impressions  made  on the olfactory organs by the odorous particles in
   the atmosphere are perceived.


   Ol*fac"tive (?), a. See Olfactory, a.


   Ol*fac"tor (?), n. A smelling organ; a nose. [R.]


   Ol*fac"to*ry (?), a. [L. olfactus, p.p. of olfacere to smell; olere to
   have  a  smell  +  facere to make. See Odor, and Fact.] (Physiol.) Of,
   pertaining  to,  or  connected  with,  the  sense  of  smell;  as, the
   olfactory  nerves;  the  olfactory  cells. Olfactory organ (Anat.), an
   organ  for  smelling.  In vertebrates the olfactory organs are more or
   less  complicated  sacs,  situated  in  the front part of the head and
   lined  with  epithelium innervated by the olfactory (or first cranial)
   nerves,  and  sensitive to odoriferous particles conveyed to it in the
   air or in water.
   Ol*fac"to*ry (?), n.; pl. Olfactories (. An olfactory organ; also, the
   sense of smell; -- usually in the plural.
   Ol"i*ban (?), n. (Chem.) See Olibanum.
   O*lib"a*num  (?),  n.  [LL., fr. Ar. al-luban frankincense; cf.Gr. The
   fragrant   gum   resin  of  various  species  of  Boswellia;  Oriental
   Ol"i*bene  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  colorless mobile liquid of a pleasant
   aromatic   odor   obtained   by   the  distillation  of  olibanum,  or
   frankincense, and regarded as a terpene; -- called also conimene. 

                                 Olid, Olidous

   Ol"id (?), Ol"i*dous (?), a. [L. olidus, fr. olere to smell.] Having a
   strong, disagreeable smell; fetid. [Obs.] Boyle. Sir T. Browne.


   Ol"i*fant (?), n. [OF.]

   1. An elephant. [Obs.]

   2. An ancient horn, made of ivory.


   Ol`i*gan"drous (?), a. [Oligo- + Gr. (Bot.) Having few stamens.


   Ol`i*gan"thous (?), a. [Oligo- + Gr. (Bot.) Having few flowers.


   Ol`i*garch  (?),  n. A member of an oligarchy; one of the rulers in an
   oligarchical government.


   Ol`i*gar"chal (?), a. Oligarchic. Glover.

                           Oligarchic, Oligarchical

   Ol`i*gar"chic   (?),   Ol`i*gar"chic*al,  a.  [Gr.  oligarchique.  See
   Oligarchy.]  Of  or  pertaining  to oligarchy, or government by a few.
   "Oligarchical exiles." Jowett (Thucyd. ).


   Ol"i*gar`chist (?), n. An advocate or supporter of oligarchy.


   Ol"i*gar"chy (?), n.; pl. Oligarchies (#). [Gr. oligarchie.] A form of
   government  in which the supreme power is placed in the hands of a few
   persons; also, those who form the ruling few.

     All  oligarchies,  wherein  a  few men domineer, do what they list.


   Ol"i*gist  (?),  n. [See Oligist, a.] (Min.) Hematite or specular iron
   ore;  --  prob.  so  called  in  allusion  to its feeble magnetism, as
   compared with magnetite.

                              Oligist, Oligistic

   Ol"i*gist  (?),  Ol`i*gis"tic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  oligiste.] (Min.) Of or
   pertaining to hematite.


   Ol"i*go- (?). A combining form from Gr. few, little, small.


   Ol"i*go*cene  (?),  a.  [Oligo-  +  Gr.  (Geol.) Of, pertaining to, or
   designating,  certain  strata  which  occupy  an intermediate position
   between  the  Eocene  and Miocene periods. -- n. The Oligocene period.
   See the Chart of Geology.


   Ol`i*go*ch\'91"ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An order of
   Annelida which includes the earthworms and related species.


   Ol"i*go*chete   (?),   a.   (Zo\'94l.)   Of   or   pertaining  to  the


   Ol"i*go*clase  (?),  n.  [Oligo-  +  Gr.  (Min.) A triclinic soda-lime
   feldspar. See Feldspar.


   Ol`i*gom"er*ous  (?),  a.  [Oligo-  + Gr. (Bot.) Having few members in
   each set of organs; as, an oligomerous flower.


   Ol`i*go"my*old  (?),  a.  [Oligo-  +  Gr. -oid.] (Anat.) Having few or
   imperfect   syringeal   muscles;  --  said  of  some  passerine  birds


   Ol`i*go*pet"al*ous (?), a. [Oligo- + petal.] (Bot.) Having few petals.


   Ol`i*go*sep"al*ous (?), a. [Oligo- + sepal.] (Bot.) Having few sepals.


   Ol`i*go*sid"er*ite  (?),  n.  [Oligo-  + siderite.] (Min.) A meteorite
   characterized by the presence of but a small amount of metallic iron.


   Ol`i*go*sper"mous (?), a. [Oligo- + Gr. (Bot.) Having few seeds.


   Ol`i*got"o*kous (?), a. [Oligo- + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Producing few young.

   Page 1001


   O"li*o  (?),  n.  [Sp.  olla  a round earthen pot, a dish of boiled or
   stewed meat, fr. L. olla a pot, dish. Cf. Olla, Olla-podrida.]

   1. A dish of stewed meat of different kinds. [Obs.]

     Besides a good olio, the dishes were trifling. Evelyn.

   2. A mixture; a medley. Dryden.

   3. (Mus.) A collection of miscellaneous pieces.


   Ol"i*to*ry  (?),  a. [L. olitorius belonging to a kitchen gardener, or
   to  vegetables,  fr.  olitor  a  kitchen  gardener,  fr. olus, oleris,
   vegetables.]  Of  or  pertaining to, or produced in, a kitchen garden;
   used for kitchen purposes; as, olitory seeds.

     At convenient distance towards the olitory garden. Evelyn.


   O*li"va  (?),  n. [L. an olive.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of polished marine
   gastropod shells, chiefly tropical, and often beautifully colored.


   Ol`i*va"ceous  (?),  a. [L. oliva olive.] Resembling the olive; of the
   color of the olive; olive-green.


   Ol"i*va*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  olivarius belonging to olives, fr. oliva an
   olive:  cf. F. olivaire.] (Anat.) Like an olive. Olivary body (Anat.),
   an  oval  prominence  on each side of the medulla oblongata; -- called
   also olive.


   Ol`i*vas"ter (?), a. [L. oliva olive: cf.F. oliv\'83tre.] Of the color
   of the olive; tawny. Sir T. Herbert.


   Ol"ive (?), n. [F., fr. L. oliva, akin to Gr. Oil.]

   1. (Bot.) (a) A tree (Olea Europ\'91a) with small oblong or elliptical
   leaves, axillary clusters of flowers, and oval, one-seeded drupes. The
   tree has been cultivated for its fruit for thousands of years, and its
   branches  are  the  emblems  of peace. The wood is yellowish brown and
   beautifully  variegated.  (b) The fruit of the olive. It has been much
   improved  by cultivation, and is used for making pickles. Olive oil is
   pressed from its flesh.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) Any shell of the genus Oliva and allied genera; --
   so   called  from  the  form.  See  Oliva.  (b)  The  oyster  catcher.

   3. (a) The color of the olive, a peculiar dark brownish, yellowish, or
   tawny  green.  (b)  One of the tertiary colors, composed of violet and
   green mixed in equal strength and proportion.

   4. (Anat.) An olivary body. See under Olivary.

   5.  (Cookery)  A  small slice of meat seasoned, rolled up, and cooked;
   as, olives of beef or veal.

     NOTE: &hand; Ol ive is  so metimes us ed ad jectively an d in  th e
     formation  of  self-explaining  compounds;  as,  olive brown, olive
     green,  olive-colored,  olive-skinned,  olive  crown, olive garden,
     olive tree, olive yard, etc.

   Bohemian olive (Bot.), a species of El\'91agnus (E. angustifolia), the
   flowers of which are sometimes used in Southern Europe as a remedy for
   fevers. -- Olive branch. (a) A branch of the olive tree, considered an
   emblem of peace. (b) Fig.: A child. -- Olive brown, brown with a tinge
   of green. -- Olive green, a dark brownish green, like the color of the
   olive.  --  Olive  oil,  an  oil  expressed from the ripe fruit of the
   olive, and much used as a salad oil, also in medicine and the arts. --
   Olive ore (Min.), olivenite. -- Wild olive (Bot.), a name given to the
   oleaster  or  wild stock of the olive; also variously to several trees
   more or less resembling the olive.


   Ol"ive,  a.  Approaching  the  color  of the olive; of a peculiar dark
   brownish, yellowish, or tawny green.


   Ol"ived  (?),  a.  Decorated  or  furnished  with olive trees. [R.] T.


   O*liv"en*ite   (?),  n.  (Min.)  An  olive-green  mineral,  a  hydrous
   arseniate of copper; olive ore.


   Ol"i*ver (?), n.

   1. [OF. oliviere.] An olive grove. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. [F. olivier.] An olive tree. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ol"i*ver, n. A small tilt hammer, worked by the foot.


   Ol`i*ve"ri*an  (?),  n.  (Eng.  Hist.) An adherent of Oliver Cromwell.


   Ol`ive*wood"  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  (a)  The  wood  of  the  olive. (b) An
   Australian  name  given to the hard white wood of certain trees of the
   genus El\'91odendron, and also to the trees themselves.


   Ol`i*vil  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  olivile.]  (Chem.)  A  white crystalline
   substance,  obtained  from  an  exudation from the olive, and having a
   bitter-sweet  taste  and  acid  proporties.  [Written  also  olivile.]


   Ol"i*vin  (?), n. (Chem.) A complex bitter gum, found on the leaves of
   the olive tree; -- called also olivite.


   Ol"i*vine  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  olivine.]  (Min.)  A common name of the
   yellowish green mineral chrysolite, esp. the variety found in eruptive


   Ol"i*vite (?), n. (Chem.) See Olivin.


   Ol"la (?), n. [See Olio.]

   1. A pot or jar having a wide mouth; a cinerary urn, especially one of
   baked clay.

   2. A dish of stewed meat; an olio; an olla-podrida.


   Ol`la-po*dri"da (?), n. [Sp., lit., a rotten pot. See Olio.]

   1.  A  favorite Spanish dish, consisting of a mixture of several kinds
   of meat chopped fine, and stewed with vegetables.

   2.  Any  incongruous  mixture or miscellaneous collection; an olio. B.


   Ol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [See  -logy.] A colloquial or humorous name for any
   science or branch of knowledge.

     He   had   a  smattering  of  mechanics,  of  physiology,  geology,
     mineralogy, and all other ologies whatsoever. De Quincey.


   Ol"pe  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. Originally, a leather flask or vessel for
   oils  or  liquids; afterward, an earthenware vase or pitcher without a


   O*lu"sa*trum  (?),  n.  [L.  holusatrum, olusatrum; olus garden herb +
   ater  black.]  (Bot.) An umbelliferous plant, the common Alexanders of
   Western Europe (Smyrnium Olusatrum).


   O*lym"pi*ad  (?),  n.  [L.  olympias,  -adis,  Gr.  olympiade.] (Greek
   Antig.)  A  period of four years, by which the ancient Greeks reckoned
   time,  being the interval from one celebration of the Olympic games to
   another,  beginning  with  the victory of Cor&oe;bus in the foot race,
   which took place in the year 776 b.c.; as, the era of the olympiads.

                               Olympian, Olympic

   O*lym"pi*an  (?),  O*lym"pic  (?),  a.  [L.  Olympius,  Olympicus, Gr.
   olympique.  See  Olympiad.] Of or pertaining to Olympus, a mountain of
   Thessaly, fabled as the seat of the gods, or to Olympia, a small plain
   in  Elis.  Olympic  games, OR Olympics (Greek Antiq.), the greatest of
   the  national  festivals of the ancient Greeks, consisting of athletic
   games  and  races, dedicated to Olympian Zeus, celebrated once in four
   years at Olympia, and continuing five days.


   O*lym`pi*on"ic (?), n. [Gr. An ode in honor of a victor in the Olympic
   games. [R.] Johnson.


   -o"ma  (?).  [Gr.  A  suffix  used in medical terms to denote a morbid
   condition  of  some  part,  usually some kind of tumor; as in fibroma,


   Om"a*gra (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Gout in the shoulder.


   O"ma*has" (?), n. pl.; sing. Omaha (. (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians who
   inhabited  the  south  side of the Missouri River. They are now partly
   civilized and occupy a reservation in Nebraska.

                                 Omander wood

   O*man"der wood` (?). [Etymol. uncertain.] (Bot.) The wood of Diospyros
   ebenaster, a kind of ebony found in Ceylon.


   O*ma"sum  (?),  n.  [L.]  (Anat.) The third division of the stomach of
   ruminants. See Manyplies, and Illust. under Ruminant.

                                 Omber, Ombre

   Om"ber, Om"bre (?), n. [F. hombre, fr. Sp. hombre, lit., a man, fr. L.
   homo.  See  Human.]  A game at cards, borrowed from the Spaniards, and
   usually played by three persons. Pope.

     When  ombre calls, his hand and heart are free, And, joined to two,
     he fails not to make three. Young.


   Om"bre, n. [F., of uncertain origin.] (Zo\'94l.) A large Mediterranean
   food fish (Umbrina cirrhosa): -- called also umbra, and umbrine.


   Om*brom"e*ter  (?), n. [Gr. -meter: cf. F. ombrom\'82tre.] (Meteorol.)
   An instrument for measuring the rain that falls; a rain gauge.


   O*me"ga (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. Mickle.]

   1. The last letter of the Greek alphabet. See Alpha.

   2. The last; the end; hence, death.

     "Omega! thou art Lord," they said. Tennyson.

   Alpha  and  Omega, the beginning and the ending; hence, the chief, the
   whole. Rev. i. 8.

     The alpha and omega of science. Sir J. Herschel.


   O*me"goid (?), a. [Omega + -oid.] Having the form of the Greek capital
   letter Omega ().


   Om"e*let  (?), n. [F. omelette, OF. amelette, alumete, alumelle, perh.
   fr.  L.  lamella.  Cf.  Lamella.]  Eggs beaten up with a little flour,
   etc., and cooked in a frying pan; as, a plain omelet.


   O"men  (?),  n.  [L. omen, the original form being osmen, according to
   Varro.]  An  occurrence supposed to portend, or show the character of,
   some future event; any indication or action regarded as a foreshowing;
   a foreboding; a presage; an augury.

     Bid  go  with  evil  omen,  and  the  brand Of infamy upon my name.


   O"men,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Omened (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Omening.] To
   divine  or  to  foreshow  by  signs  or  portents;  to  have  omens or
   premonitions  regarding;  to  predict; to augur; as, to omen ill of an

     The yet unknown verdict, of which, however, all omened the tragical
     contents. Sir W. Scott.


   O"mened  (?),  a.  Attended  by,  or containing, an omen or omens; as,
   happy-omened day.


   O*men"tal  (?),  a.  (Anat.)  Of  or  pertaining  to an omentum or the


   O*men"tum  (?),  n.;  pl.  Omenta (#). [L.] (Anat.) A free fold of the
   peritoneum,  or one serving to connect viscera, support blood vessels,
   etc.; an epiplo\'94n.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e gr eat, or  ga strocolic, om entum forms, in most
     mammals,  a  great  sac,  which  is  attached  to  the  stomach and
     transverse  colon,  is  loaded with fat, and covers more or less of
     the  intestines;  the  caul.  The lesser, or gastrohepatic, omentum
     connects  the  stomach  and liver and contains the hepatic vessels.
     The  gastrosplenic  omentum,  or ligament, connects the stomach and


   O"mer  (?),  n.  [Cf. Homer.] A Hebrew measure, the tenth of an ephah.
   See Ephah. Ex. xvi. 36.


   Om`i*let"ic*al (?), a. Homiletical. [Obs.]


   Om"i*nate  (?),  v.  t. & i. [L. ominatus, p.p. of ominari to presage,
   fr. omen.] To presage; to foreshow; to foretoken. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.


   Om`i*na"tion  (?),  n. [L. ominatio.] The act of ominating; presaging.
   [Obs.] Fuller.


   Om"i*nous  (?), a. [L. ominosus, fr. omen. See Omen.] Of or pertaining
   to  an  omen  or  to  omens; being or exhibiting an omen; significant;
   portentous;  --  formerly  used  both  in  a favorable and unfavorable
   sense;  now  chiefly  in  the  latter; foreboding or foreshowing evil;
   inauspicious; as, an ominous dread.

     He had a good ominous name to have made a peace. Bacon.

     In  the  heathen  worship  of  God, a sacrifice without a heart was
     accounted ominous. South.

   -- Om"i*nous*ly, adv. -- Om"i*nous*ness, n.


   O*mis"si*ble (?), a. Capable of being omitted; that may be omitted.


   O*mis"sion (?), n. [L. omissio: cf. F. omission. See Omit.]

   1. The act of omitting; neglect or failure to do something required by
   propriety or duty.

     The most natural division of all offenses is into those of omission
     and those of commission. Addison.

   2. That which is omitted or is left undone.


   O*mis"sive  (?),  a.  [See  Omit.] Leaving out; omitting. Bp. Hall. --
   O*mis"sive*ly, adv.


   O*mit"  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Omitted; p. pr. & vb. n. Omitting.]
   [L.  omittere,  omissum; ob (see Ob- + mittere to cause to go, let go,
   send. See Mission.]

   1. To let go; to leave unmentioned; not to insert or name; to drop.

     These personal comparisons I omit. Bacon.

   2.  To  pass  by;  to forbear or fail to perform or to make use of; to
   leave undone; to neglect.

     Her father omitted nothing in her education that might make her the
     most accomplished woman of her age. Addison.


   O*mit"tance  (?),  n.  The  act  of  omitting,  or  the state of being
   omitted; forbearance; neglect. Shak.


   O*mit"ter (?), n. One who omits. Fuller.


   Om`ma*te"al (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to an ommateum.


   Om`ma*te"um  (?),  n.;  pl.  Ommatea  (#).  [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A
   compound eye, as of insects and crustaceans.


   Om`ma*tid"i*um   (?),  n.;  pl.  Ommatidia  (#).  [NL.,  dim.  of  Gr.
   (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  the  single  eyes  forming  the  compound eyes of
   crustaceans, insects, and other invertebrates.


   Om"ni-  (?).  [L.  omnis  all.]  A combining form denoting all, every,
   everywhere; as in omnipotent, all-powerful; omnipresent.


   Om"ni*bus (?), n. [L., for all, dat. pl. from omnis all. Cf. Bus.]

   1.  A  long  four-wheeled  carriage,  having  seats  for  many people;
   especially,  one  with  seats  running  lengthwise,  used in conveying
   passengers short distances.

   2.  (Glass  Making)  A  sheet-iron  cover  for  articles  in a leer or
   annealing arch, to protect them from drafts.
   Omnibus  bill,  a  legislative  bill  which  provides  for a number of
   miscellaneous enactments or appropriations. [Parliamentary Cant, U.S.]
   --  Omnibus  box,  a large box in a theater, on a level with the stage
   and having communication with it. [Eng.] Thackeray.


   Om`ni*cor*po"re*al  (?),  a.  [Omni-  +  corporeal.]  Comprehending or
   including all bodies; embracing all substance. [R.] Cudworth.


   Om*ni"e*ty  (?),  n. That which is all-pervading or all-comprehensive;
   hence, the Deity. [R.]

     Omniety formed nullity into an essence. Sir T. Browne.


   Om`ni*fa"ri*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  omnifarius;  omnis  all + -farius. Cf.
   Bifarious.] Of all varieties, forms, or kinds. "Omnifarious learning."


   Om*nif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  omnifer;  omnis  all  +  ferre to bear.]
   All-bearing; producing all kinds.


   Om*nif"ic   (?),   a.  [Omni-  +  L.  -ficare  (in  comp.)  to  make.]
   All-creating. "The omnific word." Milton.


   Om"ni*form  (?),  a.  [L.  omniformis;  omnis all + forma form: cf. F.
   omniforme.] Having every form or shape. Berkeley.


   Om`ni*for"mi*ty (?), n. The condition or quality of having every form.
   Dr. H. More.


   Om"ni*fy  (?),  v.  t. [Omni- + -fy.] To render universal; to enlarge.

     Omnify the disputed point into a transcendent, and you may defy the
     opponent to lay hold of it. Coleridge.


   Om*nig"e*nous  (?),  a.  [L.  omniqenus;  omnis  all  +  genus  kind.]
   Consisting of all kinds. [R.]


   Om"ni*graph (?), n. [Omni- + -graph.] A pantograph. [R.]


   Om`ni*pa"ri*ent  (?),  a.  [L.  omniparens  all-producing; omnis all +
   parere  to  bring  forth.]  Producing  or  bringing  forth all things;
   all-producing. [R.]


   Om`ni*par"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Omni-  +  -parity.] Equality in every part;
   general equality.


   Om*nip"a*rous   (?),  a.  [See  Omniparient.]  Producing  all  things;


   Om`ni*pa"tient  (?),  a.  [Omni-  +  patient.] Capable of enduring all
   things. [R.] Carlyle.

                       Omnipercipience, Omnipercipiency

   Om`ni*per*cip"i*ence  (?), Om`ni*per*cip"i*en*cy (?), n. Perception of


   Om`ni*per*cip"i*ent   (?),   a.   [Omni-   +  percipient.]  Perceiving
   everything. Dr. H. More.

                           Omnipotence, Omnipotency

   Om*nip"o*tence  (?),  Om*nip"o*ten*cy  (?), n. [L. omnipotentia: cf.F.

   1.  The  state  of being omnipotent; almighty power; hence, one who is
   omnipotent; the Deity.

     Will  Omnipotence  neglect to save The suffering virtue of the wise
     and brave? Pope.

   2.  Unlimited  power  of  a  particular  kind; as, love's omnipotence.


   Om*nip"o*tent  (?),  a.  [F.,  fr.L.  omnipotens,  -entis; omnis all +
   potens powerful, potent. See Potent.]

   1.  Able  in  every  respect and for every work; unlimited in ability;
   all-powerful;  almighty;  as, the Being that can create worlds must be

     God's will and pleasure and his omnipotent power. Sir T. More.

   2.  Having  unlimited power of a particular kind; as, omnipotent love.

     The Omnipotent, The Almighty; God. Milton.


   Om*nip"o*tent*ly, adv. In an omnipotent manner.

   Page 1002


   Om`ni*pres"ence  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. omnipr\'82sence.] Presence in every
   place at the same time; unbounded or universal presence; ubiquity.

     His  omnipresence  fills  Land,  sea,  and air, and every kind that
     lives. Milton.


   Om`ni*pres"en*cy (?), n. Omnipresence. [Obs.]


   Om`ni*pres"ent  (?),  a.  [Omni-  +  present:  cf.F.  omnipr\'82sent.]
   Present   in  all  places  at  the  same  time;  ubiquitous;  as,  the
   omnipresent Jehovah. Prior.


   Om`ni*pre*sen"tial (?), a. Implying universal presence. [R.] South.


   Om`ni*prev"a*lent (?), a. [Omni- + prevalent.] Prevalent everywhere or
   in all things. Fuller.


   Om*nis"cience  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. omniscience.] The quality or state of
   being omniscient; -- an attribute peculiar to God. Dryden.


   Om*nis"cien*cy (?), n. Omniscience.


   Om*nis"cient  (?),  a.  [Omni- + L. sciens, -entis, p. pr. of scire to
   know:  cf.  F.  omniscient.  See Science.] Having universal knowledge;
   knowing  all  things;  infinitely  knowing or wise; as, the omniscient
   God. -- Om*nis"cient*ly, adv.

     For  what can scape the eye Of God all-seeing, or deceive his heart
     Omniscient? Milton.


   Om*nis"cious  (?),  a.  [L.  omniscius.  See Omniscient.] All-knowing.
   [Obs.] Hakewill.


   Om`ni*spec"tive (?), a. [Omni- + L. spectus, p.p. of specere, spicere,
   to   view.]  Beholding  everything;  capable  of  seeing  all  things;
   all-seeing. [R.] "Omnispective Power!" Boyse.


   Om"ni*um  (?),  n.  [L.,  of  all,  gen. pl. of omnis all.] (Eng.Stock
   Exchange)  The aggregate value of the different stocks in which a loan
   to government is now usually funded. M'Culloch.


   Om`ni*um-gath"er*um  (?),  n.  [A  macaronic  compound  of  L. omnium,
   gen.pl.  of  omnis  all, and E. gather.] A miscellaneous collection of
   things  or persons; a confused mixture; a medley. [Colloq. & Humorous]


   Om*niv"a*gant  (?),  a. [Omni + L. vagans, p.pr. of vagari to wander.]
   Wandering anywhere and everywhere. [R.]


   Om*niv"o*ra  (?),  n.  pl. [NL. See Omnivorous.] (Zo\'94l.) A group of
   ungulate  mammals  including the hog and the hippopotamus. The term is
   also sometimes applied to the bears, and to certain passerine birds.


   Om*niv"o*rous  (?),  a.  [L.  omnivorus;  omnis  all  +  vorate to eat
   greedily.    See    Voracious.]   All-devouring;   eating   everything
   indiscriminately;  as, omnivorous vanity; esp. (Zo\'94l.), eating both
   animal and vegetable food. -- Om*niv"o*rous*ness, n.


   O"mo-  (?).  [Gr.  A  combining  form  used  in  anatomy  to  indicate
   connection with, or relation to, the shoulder or the scapula.


   O`mo*hy"oid  (?),  a.  [Omo- + hyoid.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the
   shoulder and the hyoid bone; as, the omohyoid muscle.


   O"mo*phag"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Eating raw flesh; using uncooked meat as
   food; as, omophagic feasts, rites.


   Om"o*plate  (?),  n.  [F.,  from  Gr.  Omo-,  and  Plate.] (Anat.) The
   shoulder blade, or scapula.


   O*mos"te*gite  (?), n. [Omo- + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The part of the carapace
   of a crustacean situated behind the cervical groove.


   O`mo*ster"nal (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the omosternum.


   O`mo*ster"num  (?),  n.  [Omo-  +  sternum.]  (Anat.) (a) The anterior
   element  of  the  sternum  which  projects  forward  from  between the
   clavicles  in  many  batrachians and is usually tipped with cartilage.
   (b) In many mammals, an interarticular cartilage, or bone, between the
   sternum and the clavicle.


   Om"pha*cine  (?),  a.  [Gr. omphacin.] Of, pertaining to, or expressed
   from, unripe fruit; as, omphacine oil.


   Om*phal"ic, a. [Gr. Navel.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the umbilicus,
   or navel.


   Om"pha*lo-  (?).  [Gr. A combining form indicating connection with, or
   relation to, the umbilicus, or navel.


   Om"pha*lo*cele`  (?),  n. [Gr. omphaloc\'82le.] (Med.) A hernia at the


   Om"pha*lode  (?),  n.  [Omphalo-  + Gr. (Bot.) The central part of the
   hilum  of  a  seed,  through  which the nutrient vessels pass into the
   rhaphe or the chalaza; -- called also omphalodium.


   Om"pha*lo*man"cy (?), n. [Omphalo- + -mancy.] Divination by means of a
   child's navel, to learn how many children the mother may have. Crabb.


   Om`pha*lo*mes`a*ra"ic   (?),   a.   [Omphalo-   +  mesaraic.]  (Anat.)


   Om`pha*lo*mes`en*ter"ic (?), a. [Omphalo- + mesenteric.] (Anat.) Of or
   pertaining  to  the  umbilicus and mesentery; omphalomesaraic; as, the
   omphalomesenteric arteries and veins of a fetus.


   Om`pha*lop"sy*chite   (?),   n.   [Omphalo-   +   Gr.  omphalopsyque.]
   (Eccl.Hist.) A name of the Hesychasts, from their habit of gazing upon
   the navel.

                           Omphalopter, Omphaloptic

   Om`pha*lop"ter  (?),  Om`pha*lop"tic  (?),  n.  [Gr.  omphaloptre.] An
   optical glass that is convex on both sides. [Obs.] Hutton.


   Om"pha*los (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. (Anat.) The navel.


   Om`pha*lot"o*my  (?),  n. [Gr. omphalotomie.] (Surg.) The operation of
   dividing the navel-string.


   O"my (?), a. Mellow, as land. [Prov.Eng.] Ray.


   On  (?), prep. [OE. on, an, o, a, AS. on, an; akin to D. aan, OS. & G.
   an,  OHG.  ana,  Icel. \'be, Sw. ana, Russ. na, L. an-, in anhelare to
   pant,  Gr.  ana.  &root;195.  Cf.  A-,  1,  Ana-,  Anon.]  The general
   signification of on is situation, motion, or condition with respect to
   contact or support beneath; as: --

   1.  At,  or in contact with, the surface or upper part of a thing, and
   supported  by it; placed or lying in contact with the surface; as, the
   book  lies  on  the  table, which stands on the floor of a house on an

     I stood on the bridge at midnight. Longfellow.

   2.  To  or against the surface of; -- used to indicate the motion of a
   thing  as  coming or falling to the surface of another; as, rain falls
   on the earth.

     Whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken. Matt. xxi. 44.

   3.  Denoting  performance or action by contact with the surface, upper
   part, or outside of anything; hence, by means of; with; as, to play on
   a  violin or piano. Hence, figuratively, to work on one's feelings; to
   make an impression on the mind.

   4.  At  or  near;  adjacent  to;  --  indicating  situation, place, or
   position;  as, on the one hand, on the other hand; the fleet is on the
   American coast.

   5. In addition to; besides; -- indicating multiplication or succession
   in  a  series; as, heaps on heaps; mischief on mischief; loss on loss;
   thought on thought. Shak.

   6.  Indicating  dependence  or  reliance;  with  confidence in; as, to
   depend  on  a person for assistance; to rely on; hence, indicating the
   ground  or  support  of  anything;  as,  he  will  promise  on certain
   conditions; to bet on a horse.

   7.  At or in the time of; during; as, on Sunday we abstain from labor.
   See At (synonym).

   8.  At  the  time of, conveying some notion of cause or motive; as, on
   public occasions, the officers appear in full dress or uniform. Hence,
   in  consequence  of,  or  following;  as,  on  the ratification of the
   treaty, the armies were disbanded.

   9.  Toward;  for;  --  indicating the object of some passion; as, have
   pity or compassion on him.

   10.  At  the  peril  of,  or  for the safety of. "Hence, on thy life."

   11.  By  virtue  of;  with  the  pledge  of;  --  denoting a pledge or
   engagement,  and  put  before  the  thing  pledged; as, he affirmed or
   promised on his word, or on his honor.

   12.  To  the  account  of;  --  denoting imprecation or invocation, or
   coming  to,  falling,  or  resting upon; as, on us be all the blame; a
   curse on him.

     His blood be on us and on our children. Matt. xxvii. 25.

   13. In reference or relation to; as, on our part expect punctuality; a
   satire on society.

   14. Of. [Obs.] "Be not jealous on me." Shak.

     Or have we eaten on the insane root That takes the reason prisoner?

     NOTE: &hand; In stances of  th is us age ar e co mmon in  our older
     writers, and are sometimes now heard in illiterate speech.

   15.  Occupied with; in the performance of; as, only three officers are
   on duty; on a journey.

   16.  In the service of; connected with; of the number of; as, he is on
   a newspaper; on a committee.

     NOTE: &hand; On  an d up on are in general interchangeable. In some
     applications  upon  is  more  euphonious,  and  is  therefore to be
     preferred; but in most cases on is preferable.

   On  a  bowline.  (Naut.)  Same as Closehauled. -- On a wind, OR On the
   wind  (Naut.),  sailing closehauled. -- On a sudden. See under Sudden.
   -- On board, On draught, On fire, etc. See under Board, Draught, Fire,
   etc.  --  On  it, On't, of it. [Obs. or Colloq.] Shak. -- On shore, on
   land;  to the shore. -- On the road, On the way, On the wing, etc. See
   under  Road, Way, etc. -- On to, upon; on; to; -- sometimes written as
   one  word,  onto,  and  usually  called a colloquialism; but it may be
   regarded in analogy with into.
     They have added the -en plural form on to an elder plural. Earle.
     We  see  the  strength  of  the  new  movement  in the new class of
     ecclesiastics whom it forced on to the stage. J. R. Green.
   On, adv. [See On, prep.] 

   1.  Forward, in progression; onward; -- usually with a verb of motion;
   as, move on; go on. "Time glides on." Macaulay.

     The path is smooth that leadeth on to danger. Shak.

   2. Forward, in succession; as, from father to son, from the son to the
   grandson, and so on.

   3. In continuance; without interruption or ceasing; as, sleep on, take
   your ease; say on; sing on.

   4.  Adhering;  not  off; as in the phrase, "He is neither on nor off,"
   that is, he is not steady, he is irresolute.

   5.  Attached to the body, as clothing or ornament, or for use. "I have
   boots on." B. Gonson.

     He put on righteousness as a breastplate. Is. lix. 17.

   6. In progress; proceeding; as, a game is on.

     NOTE: &hand; On  is  sometimes used as an exclamation, or a command
     to  move  or proceed, some verb being understood; as, on, comrades;
     that is, go on, move on.

   On  and on, continuously; for a long time together. "Toiling on and on
   and on." Longfellow.
   On"a*ger  (?),  n.;  pl.  L.  Onagri  (#), E. Onagers (#). [L. onager,
   onagrus, Gr. 

   1.  (Rom.Antiq.)  A  military  engine acting like a sling, which threw
   stones  from  a  bag  or wooden bucket, and was operated by machinery.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A wild ass, especially the koulan.


   O*nag"ga (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The dauw.

                           Onagraceous, Onagrarieous

   On`a*gra"ceous  (?), On`a*gra*ri"e*ous (?), a. [From NL. Onagra an old
   scientific  name  of  the  evening primrose (Enothera), fr. Gr. (Bot.)
   Pertaining  to, or resembling, a natural order of plants (Onagrace\'91
   or   Onagrarie\'91),  which  includes  the  fuchsia,  the  willow-herb
   (Epilobium), and the evening primrose (nothera).


   O"nan*ism   (?),  n.  [Onan  (Gen.  xxxviii.  9):  cf.  F.  onanisme.]
   Self-pollution; masturbation.


   O*nap"po   (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  nocturnal  South  American  monkey
   (Callithrix   discolor),   noted  for  its  agility;  --  called  also
   ventriloquist monkey.


   Ince (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The ounce.


   Once  (?),  adv.  [OE.  ones, anes, an adverbial form fr. one, on, an,
   one. See One-, -Wards.]

   1.  By  limitation  to the number one; for one time; not twice nor any
   number of times more than one.

     Ye shall . . . go round about the city once. Josh. vi. 3.

     Trees that bear mast are fruitful but once in two years. Bacon.

   2. At some one period of time; -- used indefinitely.

     My soul had once some foolish fondness for thee. Addison.

     That court which we shall once govern. Bp. Hall.

   3.  At  any  one time; -- often nearly equivalent to ever, if ever, or
   whenever; as, once kindled, it may not be quenched.

     Wilt thou not be made clean? When shall it once be? Jer. xiii. 27.

     To be once in doubt Is once to be resolved. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; On ce is used as a noun when preceded by this or that;
     as,  this  once, that once. It is also sometimes used elliptically,
     like  an  adjective,  for  once-existing.  "The  once  province  of
     Britain." J. N. Pomeroy..

   At  once.  (a)  At the same point of time; immediately; without delay.
   "Stand not upon the order of your going, but go at once." Shak. "I . .
   .  withdrew  at once and altogether." Jeffrey. (b) At one and the same
   time; simultaneously; in one body; as, they all moved at once. -- Once
   and again, once and once more; repeatedly. "A dove sent forth once and
   again, to spy." Milton.
   On*cid"i*um  (?),  n.  [NL.]  (Bot.)  A genus of tropical orchidaceous
   plants,  the  flower  of one species of which (O. Papilio) resembles a
   On"co*graph  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -graph.]  (Physiol.)  An  instrument  for
   registering the changes observable with an oncometer. 


   On*com"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -meter.]  (Physiol.)  An  instrument for
   measuring  the  variations in size of the internal organs of the body,
   as the kidney, spleen, etc.


   On*cot"o*may  (?),  n.  [Gr.  oncotomie.]  (Surg.)  The  opening of an
   abscess,  or  the  removal  of  a  tumor,  with  a cutting instrument.
   [Written also onkotomy.] Dunglison.


   Onde  (?),  n.  [AS.  anda  malice, anger; akin to Icel. andi, \'94nd,
   breath.] Hatred; fury; envy. [Obs.]

                                    On dit

   On`  dit"  (?).  [F.]  They say, or it is said. -- n. A flying report;
   rumor; as, it is a mere on dit.


   -one  (?).  [From Gr. -w`nh, signifying, female descendant.] (Chem.) A
   suffix indicating that the substance, in the name of which it appears,
   is a ketone; as, acetone.


   -one.(Chem.) A termination indicating that the hydrocarbon to the name
   of  which  it is affixed belongs to the fourth series of hydrocarbons,
   or the third series of unsaturated hydrocarbonsl as, nonone.


   One  (?),  a.  [OE. one, on, an, AS. \'84n; akin to D. een, OS. \'89n,
   OFries.  \'89n,  \'84n,  G.  ein,  Dan. een, Sw. en, Icel. einn, Goth.
   ains,  W.  un,  Ir.  &  Gael.  aon, L. unus, earlier oinos, oenos, Gr.
   \'89ka. The same word as the indefinite article a, an. &root; 299. Cf.
   2d A, 1st An, Alone, Anon, Any, None, Nonce, Only, Onion, Unit.]

   1.  Being  a  single  unit, or entire being or thing, and no more; not
   multifold; single; individual.

     The dream of Pharaoh is one. Gen. xli. 25.

     O  that  we  now  had  here  But  one  ten thousand of those men in
     England. Shak.

   2.  Denoting  a person or thing conceived or spoken of indefinitely; a
   certain.  "I  am  the  sister  of  one Claudio" [Shak.], that is, of a
   certain man named Claudio.

   3.  Pointing  out a contrast, or denoting a particular thing or person
   different  from  some  other  specified;  --  used  as  a  correlative
   adjective, with or without the.

     From the one side of heaven unto the other. Deut. iv. 32.

   4. Closely bound together; undivided; united; constituting a whole.

     The  church  is  therefore one, though the members may be many. Bp.

   5. Single in kind; the same; a common.

     One plague was on you all, and on your lords. 1 Sam. vi. 4.

   6. Single; inmarried. [Obs.]

     Men may counsel a woman to be one. Chaucer.

     NOTE: &hand; On e is  of ten us ed in  fo rming compound words, the
     meaning  of  which is obvious; as, one-armed, one-celled, one-eyed,
     one-handed,   one-hearted,   one-horned,   one-idead,   one-leaved,
     one-masted,   one-ribbed,  one-story,  one-syllable,  one-stringed,
     one-winged, etc.

   All one, of the same or equal nature, or consequence; as, he says that
   it is all one what course you take. Shak.<-- = all the same --> -- One
   day. (a) On a certain day, not definitely specified, referring to time

     One  day  when  Phoebe  fair,  With all her band, was following the
     chase. Spenser.

   (b)  Referring  to  future time: At some uncertain day or period; some

     Well, I will marry one day. Shak.


   One, n.

   1. A single unit; as, one is the base of all numbers.

   2. A symbol representing a unit, as 1, or i.

   3.  A single person or thing. "The shining ones." Bunyan. "Hence, with
   your little ones." Shak.

     He will hate the one, and love the other. Matt. vi. 24.

     That  we  may sit, one on thy right hand, and the other on thy left
     hand, in thy glory. Mark x. 37.

   After  one,  after  one  fashion; alike. [Obs.] Chaucer. -- At one, in
   agreement  or  concord.  See  At  one,  in  the Vocab. -- Ever in one,
   continually; perpetually; always. [Obs.] Chaucer. -- In one, in union;
   in  a single whole. -- One and one, One by one, singly; one at a time;
   one after another."Raising one by one the suppliant crew." Dryden. <--
   one on one, (in a contest) contesting an opponent individually; go one
   on  one,  (in  a  game,  esp.  basketball)  to contest one opponent by
   oneself. -->
   Page 1003


   One  (?), indef. pron. Any person, indefinitely; a person or body; as,
   what one would have well done, one should do one's self.

     It was well worth one's while. Hawthorne.

     Against  this sort of condemnation one must steel one's self as one
     best can. G. Eliot.

     NOTE: One is  of ten used with some, any, no, each, every, such, a,
     many  a,  another,  the  other,  etc.  It  is sometimes joined with
     another, to denote a reciprocal relation.

     When any one heareth the word. Matt. xiii. 19.

     She  knew every one who was any one in the land of Bohemia. Compton

     The  Peloponnesians  and  the Athenians fought against one another.
     Jowett (Thucyd. ).

     The gentry received one another. Thackeray.


   One,  v.  t. To cause to become one; to gather into a single whole; to
   unite; to assimilite. [Obs.]

     The rich folk that embraced and oned all their heart to treasure of
     the world. Chaucer.


   One"ber`ry (?), n. (Bot.) The herb Paris. See Herb Paris, under Herb.


   One"-hand`  (?), a. Employing one hand; as, the one-hand alphabet. See


   One"-horse` (?), a.

   1.  Drawn  by  one  horse;  having but a single horse; as, a one-horse

   2. Second-rate; inferior; small. [Slang, U.S.]


   O*nei"das  (?),  n.  pl.; sing. Oneida (. (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians
   formerly  inhabiting  the  region near Oneida Lake in the State of New
   York,  and forming part of the Five Nations. Remnants of the tribe now
   live in New York, Canada, and Wisconsin.


   O*nei`ro*crit`ic  (?), n. [Cf.F. oneirocritique. See Oneirocritic, a.]
   An interpreter of dreams. Bp. Warburton. Addison.

                         Oneirocritic, Oneirocritical

   O*nei`ro*crit`ic   (?),   O*nei`ro*crit`ic*al   (?),  a.  [Gr.  Of  or
   pertaining to the interpretation of dreams. Addison.

                        Oneirocriticism, Oneirocritics

   O*nei`ro*crit`i*cism   (?),  O*nei`ro*crit`ics  (?),  n.  The  art  of
   interpreting dreams.


   O*nei"ro*man`cy  (?),  n. [Gr. -mancy.] Divination by means of dreams.
   De Quincey.


   O`nei*ros"co*pist, n. One who interprets dreams.


   O`nei*ros"co*py (?), n. [Gr. -scopy.] The interpretation of dreams.


   One"li*ness (?), n. The state of being one or single. [Obs.] Cudworth.


   One"ly (?), a. See Only. [Obs.] Spenser.


   One"ment  (?),  n. The state of being at one or reconciled. [Obs.] Bp.


   One"ness,   n.   The   state  of  being  one;  singleness  in  number;
   individuality; unity.

     Our God is one, or rather very oneness. Hooker.


   On"er*a*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  onerarius,  fr. onus, oneris, load, burden:
   cf.F. on\'82raire.] Fitted for, or carrying, a burden. Johnson.


   On"er*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Onerated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Onerating.] [L. oneratus, p.p. pf onerare.] To load; to burden. [Obs.]


   On`er*a"tion (?), n. The act of loading. [Obs.]


   On"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  onerosus,  fr. onus, oneris, a load, burden:
   cf.F. on\'82reux.] Burdensome; oppressive. "Too onerous a solicitude."
   I.  Taylor. Onerous cause (Scots Law), a good and legal consideration;
   -- opposed to gratuitous.
   On"er*ous*ly, adv. In an onerous manner. 


   Ones (?), adv. Once. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   One`self"  (?),  pron. A reflexive form of the indefinite pronoun one.
   Commonly writen as two words, one's self.

     One's  self  (or more properly oneself), is quite a modern form. In
     Elizabethan English we find a man's self=one's self. Morris.


   One`-sid"ed (?), a.

   1.  Having one side only, or one side prominent; hence, limited to one
   side;  partial;  unjust;  unfair;  as,  a one-sided view or statement.
   "Unguarded and one-sided language." T. Arnold.

   2.  (Bot.)  Growing  on  one side of a stem; as, one-sided flowers. --
   One`-sid"ed-ly, adv. -- One`-sid"ed*ness, n.


   On*ethe" (?), adv. Scarcely. See Unnethe. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   On"go`ing  (?),  n. The act of going forward; progress; (pl.) affairs;
   business; current events.

     The  common  ongoings  of  this our commonplace world, and everyday
     life. Prof. Wilson.


   On"guent (?), n. [F.] An unguent.


   On"-hang`er (?), n. A hanger-on.


   On"ion  (?),  n. [F. ognon, fr. L. unio oneness, unity, a single large
   pearl,  an  onion.  See  One, Union.] (Bot.) A liliaceous plant of the
   genus  Allium  (A.cepa), having a strong-flavored bulb and long hollow
   leaves;  also,  its bulbous root, much used as an article of food. The
   name  is  often  extended  to  other  species of the genus. Onion fish
   (Zo\'94l.),  the grenadier. -- Onion fly (Zo\'94l.) a dipterous insect
   whose  larva  feeds  upon the onion; especially, Anthomyia ceparum and
   Ortalis flexa. -- Welsh onion. (Bot.) See Cibol. -- Wild onion (Bot.),
   a name given to several species of the genus Allium.


   O*ni`ro*crit`ic (?), a. See Oneirocritic.


   On"li*ness (?), n. The state of being alone. [Obs.]


   On*loft" (?), adv. Aloft; above ground. [Obs.]

     She kept her father's life onloft. Chaucer.


   On"-look`er (?), n. A looker-on.


   On"-look`ing, a. Looking on or forward.


   On"ly  (?),  a.  [OE. only, anly, onlich, AS. \'benlic, i.e., onelike.
   See One, and Like, a.]

   1. One alone; single; as, the only man present; his only occupation.

   2.  Alone  in  its class; by itself; not associated with others of the
   same class or kind; as, an only child.

   3.   Hence,   figuratively:   Alone,   by   reason   of   superiority;
   pre\'89minent; chief. "Motley's the only wear." Shak.


   On"ly (?), adv. [See Only, a.]

   1.  In  one  manner  or degree; for one purpose alone; simply; merely;

     And to be loved himself, needs only to be known. Dryden.

     2. So and no otherwise; no other than; exclusively; solely; wholly.
     "She being only wicked." Beau. & Fl.

     Every imagination . . . of his heart was only evil. Gen. vi. 5.

     3. Singly; without more; as, only-begotten.

     4. Above all others; particularly. [Obs.]

     His most only elected mistress. Marston.


     On"ly,  conj.  Save  or  except  (that);  --  an  adversative  used
     elliptically  with  or  without  that,  and  properly introducing a
     single fact or consideration.

     He  might  have  seemed some secretary or clerk . . . only that his
     low,  flat,  unadorned  cap . . . indicated that he belonged to the
     city. Sir W. Scott.


     On`o*ce"rin (?), n. [NL. Ononis, the generic name of the plant + L.
     cera  wax.]  (Chem.)  A  white crystalline waxy substance extracted
     from the root of the leguminous plant Ononis spinosa.


     O*nol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. -logy.] Foolish discourse. [R.]


     On"o*man`cy  (?),  n.  [Gr. -mancy. Cf. Nomancy.] Divination by the
     letters of a name; nomancy. [R.] Camden.

                            Onomantic, Onomantical

     On`o*man"tic  (?),  On`o*man"tic*al  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to
     onomancy. [R.]


     On`o*mas"tic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Law) Applied to a signature when the
     body of the instrument is in another's handwriting. Burrill.


     On`o*mas"ti*con  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. Onomastic.] A collection of
     names  and  terms;  a  dictionary;  specif.,  a collection of Greek
     names, with explanatory notes, made by Julius Pollux about A.D.180.


     On"o*ma*tech`ny  (?),  n.  [Gr. Prognostication by the letters of a


     On`o*ma*tol"o*gist  (?),  n.  One  versed  in the history of names.


     On`o*ma*tol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr. -logy.] The science of names or of
     their classification.


     O*nom"a*tope  (?),  n.  [See Onomatop\'d2ia.] An imitative word; an
     onomatopoetic word.


     On`o*mat`o*p\'d2"ia (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. (Philol.) The formation of
     words in imitation of sounds; a figure of speech in which the sound
     of  a  word  is  imitative of the sound of the thing which the word
     represents;  as, the buzz of bees; the hiss of a goose; the crackle
     of fire.

     NOTE: &hand; It  ha s be en maintained by some philologist that all
     primary  words,  especially  names,  were  formed  by  imitation of
     natural sounds.


     On`o*mat`o*p\'d2"ic (?), a. Onomatopoetic. Whitney.


     On`o*mat`o*po*et"ic  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to onomatop\'d2ia;
     characterized  by  onomatop\'d2ia;  imitative; as, an onomatopoetic
     writer or word. Earle.


     On`o*mat"o*py (?), n. Onomatop\'d2ia.


     O*nom"o*man`cy (?), n. See Onomancy.


     On`on*da"gas  (?),  n.  pl.; sing. Onondaga (. (Ethnol.) A tribe of
     Indians  formerly inhabiting what is now a part of the State of New
     York. They were the central or head tribe of the Five Nations.


     On"rush` (?), n. A rushing onward.


     On"set` (?), n. [On + set.]

     1.  A  rushing  or setting upon; an attack; an assault; a storming;
     especially, the assault of an army. Milton.

     The onset and retire Of both your armies. Shak.

     Who on that day the word of onset gave. Wordsworth.

     2. A setting about; a beginning. [Obs.] Shak.

     There  is surely no greater wisdom than well to time the beginnings
     and onsets of things. Bacon.

     3.  Anything  set  on,  or  added,  as  an  ornament or as a useful
     appendage. [Obs.] Johnson.


     On"set`, v. t.

     1. To assault; to set upon. [Obs.]

     2. To set about; to begin. [Obs.] Carew.


     On"slaught`  (?),  n.  [OE.  on on + slaught, slaht, slaughter. See

     1.  An  attack;  an  onset;  esp., a furious or murderous attack or

     By storm and onslaught to proceed. Hudibras.

     2. A bloody fray or battle. [Scot.] Jamieson.


     On"stead  (?),  n.  [Possibly  a corruption of homestead.] A single
     farmhouse; a steading. [Prov.Eng. & Scot.] Grose. Jamieson.


     On"to  (?), prep. [On + to. Cf. Into.] On the top of; upon; on. See
     On to, under On, prep.

                             Ontogenesis, Ontogeny

     On`to*gen"e*sis   (?),  On*tog"e*ny  (?),  n.  [See  Ontology,  and
     Genesis.]  (Biol.)  The history of the individual development of an
     organism; the history of the evolution of the germ; the development
     of  an  individual  organism,  -- in distinction from phylogeny, or
     evolution of the tribe. Called also henogenesis, henogeny.


     On`to*ge*net"ic  (?),  a.  (Biol.) Of or pertaining to ontogenesis;
     as, ontogenetic phenomena. -- On`to*ge*net"ic*al*ly (#), adv.


     On`to*gen"ic (?), a. (Biol.) Ontogenetic.


     On`to*log"ic (?), a. Ontological.


     On`to*log"ic*al  (?),  a. [Cf. F. ontologique.] Of or pertaining to


     On`*to*log"ic*al*ly, adv. In an ontological manner.


     On*tol"o*gist  (?), n. [Cf.F. ontologiste.] One who is versed in or
     treats of ontology. Edin. Rev.


     On*tol"o*gy  (?),  n. [Gr. -logy: cf.F. ontologie.] That department
     of  the  science of metaphysics which investigates and explains the
     nature  and  essential  properties  and relations of all beings, as
     such, or the principles and causes of being.


     O"nus (?), n. [L.] A burden; an obligation.

   Onus probandi ( [L.], obligation to furnish evidence to prove a thing;
   the burden of proof.


   On"ward (?), a.

   1.  Moving  in  a  forward direction; tending toward a contemplated or
   desirable end; forward; as, an onward course, progress, etc.

   2. Advanced in a forward direction or toward an end.

     Within  a  while, Philoxenus came to see how onward the fruits were
     of his friend's labor. Sir P. Sidney.


   On"ward,   adv.   Toward   a   point  before  or  in  front;  forward;
   progressively; as, to move onward.

     Not one looks backward, onward still he goes. Pope.


   On"ward*ness, n. Progress; advancement.


   On"wards (?), adv. [See -wards.] Onward.


   On"y (?), a. Any. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   On"y*cha  (?),  n.  [NL.,  from L. onyx, -ychis, onyx, also, a kind of
   mussel, Gr. Onyx.]

   1. An ingredient of the Mosaic incense, probably the operculum of some
   kind of strombus. Ex. xxx. 34.

   2. The precious stone called onyx. [R.]


   O*nych"i*a  (?),  n.  [NL.  See  Onyx.]  (Med.)  (a) A whitlow. (b) An
   affection  of a finger or toe, attended with ulceration at the base of
   the nail, and terminating in the destruction of the nail.


   On"y*cho*man`cy  (?), n. [Gr. -mancy: cf. F. onychomancie.] Divination
   by the nails.


   On`y*choph"o*ra (?), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Malacopoda.


   O"nyx (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. Nail, and cf. Onycha.] (Min.) Chalcedony in
   parallel  layers  of  different shades of color. It is used for making
   cameos,  the  figure being cut in one layer with the next as a ground.
   Onyx   marble,  a  banded  variety  of  marble  or  calcium  carbonate
   resembling onyx. It is obtained from Mexico.


   Oo, a. One. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   O"\'94  (?), n. [Hawaiian.] (Zo\'94l.) A beautiful bird (Moho nobilis)
   of  the  Hawaiian  Islands.  It  yields  the brilliant yellow feathers
   formerly  used  in  making  the royal robes. Called also yellow-tufted


   O*\'d2"ci*um  (?),  n.; pl. O\'d2cia (#). [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) One
   of  the  special zooids, or cells, of Bryozoa, destined to receive and
   develop ova; an ovicell. See Bryozoa.


   O`\'94*gen"e*sis (?), n. [Gr. genesis.] (Physiol.) The development, or
   mode of origin, of the ova.


   O`\'94*go"ni*um  (?),  n.; pl. L. O\'94gonia (#), E. O\'94goniums (#).
   [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Bot.)  A special cell in certain cryptogamous plants
   containing  o\'94spheres,  as in the rockweeds (Fucus), and the orders
   Vaucherie\'91 and Peronospore\'91.


   O*oi"dal (?), a. [Gr. (Biol.) Shaped like an egg.


   Ook (?), n. Oak. [Obs.] "A branched ook." Chaucer.


   O"\'94*lite  (?),  n.  [Gr. -lite: cf.F. o\'94lithe. So named from its
   resemblance  to  the  roe  of  fish.]  (Geol.) A variety of limestone,
   consisting  of  small  round  grains, resembling the roe of a fish. It
   sometimes constitutes extensive beds, as in the European Jurassic. See
   the Chart of Geology.


   O`\'94*lit"ic  (?),  a.  [Cf.F.  o\'94lithique.]  Of  or pertaining to
   o\'94lite; composed of, or resembling, o\'94lite.


   O`\'94*log"ic*al (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to o\'94logy.


   O*\'94l"o*gist (?), n. One versed in o\'94logy.


   O*\'94l"o*gy  (?),  n. [Gr. -logy.] The science of eggs in relation to
   their coloring, size, shape, and number.


   Oo"long  (?),  n. [Chinese, green dragon.] A fragrant variety of black
   tea having somewhat the flavor of green tea. [Written also oulong.]

                                Oomiac, Oomiak

   Oo"mi*ac, Oo"mi*ak (?), n. A long, broad boat used by the Eskimos.


   Oon (?), a. One. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Oones (?), adv. Once. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Oop  (?), v. t. [Etymol. uncertain.] To bind with a thread or cord; to
   join; to unite. [Scot.] Jamieson.

                                 Oopack, Oopak

   Oo"pack, Oo"pak (?), n. [So named from a district in China.] A kind of
   black tea.


   O"\'94*phore  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Bot.)  An  alternately produced form of
   certain  cryptogamous  plants,  as  ferns, mosses, and the like, which
   bears  antheridia and archegonia, and so has sexual fructification, as
   contrasted  with  the  sporophore,  which  is  nonsexual, but produces
   spores  in  countless  number.  In  ferns  the  o\'94phore is a minute
   prothallus; in mosses it is the leafy plant.


   O`\'94*pho*rec"to*my (?), n. [Gr. (Surg.) Ovariotomy.


   O`\'94*phor"ic  (?),  a. (Bot.) Having the nature of, or belonging to,
   an o\'94phore.


   O`\'94*pho*rid"i*um   (?),   n.;   pl.   L.   O\'94phorida   (#),   E.
   O\'94phoridiums  (#).  [NL.,  dim.  fr.  Gr.  O\'94phore.]  (Bot.) The
   macrosporangium or case for the larger kind of spores in heterosporous
   flowerless plants.


   O`\'94*pho*ri"tis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. -itis.] (Med.) Ovaritis.


   O"\'94*phyte  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Bot.)  Any plant of a proposed class or
   grand  division (collectively termed o\'94phytes or O\'94phyta), which
   have  their  sexual  reproduction  accomplished by motile antherozoids
   acting  on  o\'94spheres, either while included in their o\'94gonia or
   after exclusion.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is class was at first called O\'94spore\'91, and is
     made  to  include  all  alg\'91  and  fungi which have this kind of
     reproduction,  however  they  may differ in all other respects, the
     contrasted  classes  of Thallophytes being Protophytes, Zygophytes,
     and Carpophytes. The whole system has its earnest advocates, but is
     rejected by many botanists. See Carpophyte.

   Page 1004


   O`\'94*phyt"ic (?), a. (Bot.) Of or pertaining to an o\'94phyte.


   O*\'94"ri*al  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A wild, bearded sheep inhabiting the
   Ladakh mountains. It is reddish brown, with a dark beard from the chin
   to the chest.


   O"\'94*sperm  (?), n. [Gr. sperm.] (Biol.) The ovum, after fusion with
   the spermatozo\'94n in impregnation. Balfour.


   O"\'94*spere (?), n. [Gr. sphere.]

   1.  (Bot.) An unfertilized, rounded mass of protoplasm, produced in an

     NOTE: &hand; Af ter be ing fertilized by the access of antherozoids
     it   becomes  covered  with  a  cell  wall  and  develops  into  an
     o\'94spore, which may grow into a new plant like the parent.

   2.  (Bot.) An analogous mass of protoplasm in the ovule of a flowering
   plant; an embryonic vesicle. Goodale.


   O`\'94*spo*ran"gi*um   (?),   n.;   pl.   L.  O\'94sporangia  (#),  E.
   O\'94sporangiums  (#).  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Bot.) An o\'94gonium; also, a
   case  containing  oval  or  rounded  spores  of  some  other kind than


   O"\'94*spore (?), n. [Gr. (Bot.) (a) A special kind of spore resulting
   from  the  fertilization  of  an  o\'94sphere  by  antherozoids. (b) A
   fertilized o\'94sphere in the ovule of a flowering plant.


   O`\'94*spor"ic (?), a. (Bot.) Of or pertaining to an o\'94spore.


   O*\'94s"te*gite  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) One of the plates which in
   some Crustacea inclose a cavity wherein the eggs are hatched.


   O`\'94*the"ca (?), n.; pl. O\'94thec\'91 (#). [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.)
   An  egg  case, especially those of many kinds of mollusks, and of some
   insects, as the cockroach. Cf. O\'d2cium.

                            O\'94tooid, O\'94tocoid

   O*\'94t"*ooid  (?),  O*\'94t"o*coid  (?),  n. [Gr. -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   half oviparous, or an oviparous, mammal; a marsupial or monotreme.


   O"\'94*type (?), n. [Gr. -type.] (Zo\'94l.) The part of the oviduct of
   certain  trematode  worms in which the ova are completed and furnished
   with a shell.


   Ooze  (?),  n.  [OE.  wose, AS. wase dirt, mire, mud, akin to w juice,
   ooze, Icel. v\'bes wetness, OHG. waso turf, sod, G. wasen.]

   1.  Soft mud or slime; earth so wet as to flow gently, or easily yield
   to pressure. "My son i' the ooze is bedded." Shak.

   2. Soft flow; spring. Prior.

   3. The liquor of a tan vat.


   Ooze,  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Oozed (?); p.pr. & vb.n. Oozing.] [Prov.
   Eng. weeze, wooz. See Ooze, n.]

   1.  To  flow  gently; to percolate, as a liquid through the pores of a
   substance or through small openings.

     The latent rill, scare oozing through the grass. Thomson.

   2. Fig.: To leak (out) or escape slowly; as, the secret oozed out; his
   courage oozed out.


   Ooze, v. t. To cause to ooze. Alex. Smith.


   O`\'94*zo"a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Acrita.


   Ooz"y (?), a. Miry; containing soft mud; resembling ooze; as, the oozy
   bed of a river. Pope.


   O*pa"cate  (?),  v.  t.  [L. opacatus, p.p. of opacare.] To darken; to
   cloud. [Obs.] Boyle.


   O*pac"i*ty (?), n. [L. opacitas: cf.F. opacit\'82.]

   1.  The  state of being opaque; the quality of a body which renders it
   impervious to the rays of light; want of transparency; opaqueness.

   2. Obscurity; want of clearness. Bp. Hall.


   O*pa"cous  (?),  a.  [L.  opacus. See Opaque.] Opaque. [R.] Milton. --
   O*pa"cous*ness, n. [R.]


   O*pac"u*lar (?), a. Opaque. [Obs.] Sterne.


   O"pah  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  large oceanic fish (Lampris quttatus),
   inhabiting  the  Atlantic  Ocean.  It  is remarkable for its brilliant
   colors, which are red, green, and blue, with tints of purple and gold,
   covered with round silvery spots. Called also king of the herrings.


   O*pake" (?), a. See Opaque.


   O"pal (?), n. [L. opalus: cf. Gr. upala a rock, stone, precious stone:
   cf.  F.  opale.]  (Min.) A mineral consisting, like quartz, of silica,
   but inferior to quartz in hardness and specific gravity.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e pr ecious opal presents a peculiar play of colors
     of  delicate tints, and is highly esteemed as a gem. One kind, with
     a varied play of color in a reddish ground, is called the harlequin
     opal.  The  fire  opal has colors like the red and yellow of flame.
     Common  opal  has  a  milky  appearance. Menilite is a brown impure
     variety,  occurring  in  concretions  at  Menilmontant, near Paris.
     Other varieties are cacholong, girasol, hyalite, and geyserite.


   O`pal*esce"  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Opalesced (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Opalescing (?).] To give forth a play of colors, like the opal.


   O`pal*es"cence  (?), n. (Min.) A reflection of a milky or pearly light
   from  the  interior  of  a  mineral, as in the moonstone; the state or
   quality of being opalescent.


   O`pal*es"cent  (?),  a.  Reflecting  a  milky or pearly light from the
   interior; having an opaline play of colors.


   O"pal*ine (?), a. [Cf. F. opalin.] Of, pertaining to, or like, opal in
   appearance; having changeable colors like those of the opal.


   O"pal*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Opalized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Opalizing.]  [Cf.  F.  opaliser.] To convert into opal, or a substance
   like opal. Lyell.


   O*pal"o*type  (?),  n.  [Opal  +  -type.] (Photog.) A picture taken on
   "milky" glass.


   O*paque" (?), a. [F., fr. L. opacus. Cf. Opacous.]

   1.  Impervious  to  the  rays of light; not transparent; as, an opaque

   2. Obscure; not clear; unintelligible. [Colloq.]


   O*paque", n. That which is opaque; opacity. Young.


   O*paque"ness,  n.  The  state or quality of being impervious to light;
   opacity. Dr. H. More.


   Ope (?), a. Open. [Poetic] Spenser.

     On Sunday heaven's gate stands ope. Herbert.


   Ope, v. t. & i. To open. [Poetic]

     Wilt thou not ope thy heart to know What rainbows teach and sunsets
     show? Emerson.


   O*pei"do*scope   (?),   n.  [Gr.  -scope.]  (Physics)  An  instrument,
   consisting  of  a  tube  having one end open and the other end covered
   with  a  thin  flexible membrance to the center of which is attached a
   small  mirror.  It  is  used for exhibiting upon a screen, by means of
   rays reflected from the mirror, the vibratory motions caused by sounds
   produced  at  the open end of the tube, as by speaking or singing into
   it. A. E. Dolbear.


   Ope"let   (?),   n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  bright-colored  European  actinian
   (Anemonia,  OR  Anthea,  sulcata);  --  so  called because it does not
   retract its tentacles.


   O"pen  (?),  a.  [AS. open; akin to D. open, OS. opan, G. offan, Icel.
   opinn, Sw. \'94ppen, Dan. aaben, and perh. to E. up. Cf. Up, and Ope.]

   1.  Free  of  access;  not shut up; not closed; affording unobstructed
   ingress  or  egress; not impeding or preventing passage; not locked up
   or  covered over; -- applied to passageways; as, an open door, window,
   road,  etc.; also, to inclosed structures or objects; as, open houses,
   boxes,  baskets,  bottles,  etc.;  also,  to means of communication or
   approach by water or land; as, an open harbor or roadstead.

     Through the gate, Wide open and unquarded, Satan passed. Milton

     NOTE: Also, fi guratively, used of the ways of communication of the
     mind, as by the senses; ready to hear, see, etc.; as, to keep one's
     eyes and ears open.

     His ears are open unto their cry. Ps. xxxiv. 15.

   2.  Free  to  be  used,  enjoyed,  visited,  or the like; not private;
   public;  unrestricted  in  use; as, an open library, museum, court, or
   other  assembly;  liable  to  the approach, trespass, or attack of any
   one; unprotected; exposed.

     If  Demetrius  . . . have a matter against any man, the law is open
     and there are deputies. Acts xix. 33.

     The  service  that  I  truly did his life, Hath left me open to all
     injuries. Shak.

   3.  Free or cleared of obstruction to progress or to view; accessible;
   as, an open tract; the open sea.

   4.  Not drawn together, closed, or contracted; extended; expanded; as,
   an open hand; open arms; an open flower; an open prospect.

     Each, with open arms, embraced her chosen knight. Dryden.

   5.   Hence:   (a)   Without   reserve   or  false  pretense;  sincere;
   characterized by sincerity; unfeigned; frank; also, generous; liberal;
   bounteous; -- applied to personal appearance, or character, and to the
   expression of thought and feeling, etc.

     With aspect open, shall erect his head. Pope.

     The Moor is of a free and open nature. Shak.

     The French are always open, familiar, and talkative. Addison.

   (b)  Not concealed or secret; not hidden or disguised; exposed to view
   or  to  knowledge; revealed; apparent; as, open schemes or plans; open
   shame or guilt.

     His thefts are too open. Shak.

     That  I  may  find him, and with secret gaze Or open admiration him
     behold. Milton.

   6.  Not  of  a  quality  to prevent communication, as by closing water
   ways,  blocking  roads, etc.; hence, not frosty or inclement; mild; --
   used  of  the  weather  or  the  climate;  as, an open season; an open
   winter. Bacon.

   7.  Not  settled or adjusted; not decided or determined; not closed or
   withdrawn  from  consideration; as, an open account; an open question;
   to keep an offer or opportunity open.

   8.  Free;  disengaged;  unappropriated; as, to keep a day open for any
   purpose; to be open for an engagement.

   9.  (Phon.)  (a)  Uttered  with  a  relatively  wide  opening  of  the
   articulating  organs;  -- said of vowels; as, the \'84n f\'84r is open
   as compared with the \'be in s\'bey. (b) Uttered, as a consonant, with
   the oral passage simply narrowed without closure, as in uttering s.

   10.  (Mus.)  (a) Not closed or stopped with the finger; -- said of the
   string of an instrument, as of a violin, when it is allowed to vibrate
   throughout  its  whole  length. (b) Produced by an open string; as, an
   open tone.
   The  open air, the air out of doors. -- Open chain. (Chem.) See Closed
   chain,  under  Chain.  --  Open  circuit (Elec.), a conducting circuit
   which  is  incomplete,  or interrupted at some point; -- opposed to an
   uninterrupted,  or closed circuit. -- Open communion, communion in the
   Lord's  supper  not  restricted  to  persons who have been baptized by
   immersion.  Cf.  Close  communion,  under  Close,  a. -- Open diapason
   (Mus.),  a  certain  stop in an organ, in which the pipes or tubes are
   formed  like  the  mouthpiece of a flageolet at the end where the wind
   enters, and are open at the other end. -- Open flank (Fort.), the part
   of the flank covered by the orillon. -- Open-front furnace (Metal.), a
   blast furnace having a forehearth. -- Open harmony (Mus.), harmony the
   tones  of  which are widely dispersed, or separated by wide intervals.
   --  Open  hawse  (Naut.),  a hawse in which the cables are parallel or
   slightly  divergent.  Cf.  Foul  hawse,  under  Hawse.  -- Open hearth
   (Metal.),   the   shallow   hearth  of  a  reverberatory  furnace.  --
   Open-hearth   furnace,  a  reverberatory  furnace;  esp.,  a  kind  of
   reverberatory  furnace in which the fuel is gas, used in manufacturing
   steel.  --  Open-hearth  process  (Steel  Manuf.),  a process by which
   melted  cast  iron  is converted into steel by the addition of wrought
   iron,  or  iron  ore  and  manganese,  and  by  exposure to heat in an
   open-hearth  furnace;  -- also called the Siemens-Martin process, from
   the  inventors.  --  Open-hearth  steel,  steel made by an open-hearth
   process;  --  also called Siemens-Martin steel. -- Open newel. (Arch.)
   See  Hollow  newel,  under Hollow. -- Open pipe (Mus.), a pipe open at
   the  top.  It has a pitch about an octave higher than a closed pipe of
   the  same  length.  --  Open-timber  roof (Arch.), a roof of which the
   constructional parts, together with the under side of the covering, or
   its  lining, are treated ornamentally, and left to form the ceiling of
   an  apartment  below,  as in a church, a public hall, and the like. --
   Open vowel OR consonant. See Open, a., 9.

     NOTE: &hand; Op en is  us ed in  ma ny compounds, most of which are
     self-explaining; as, open-breasted, open-minded.

   Syn.  --  Unclosed;  uncovered; unprotected; exposed; plain; apparent;
   obvious;  evident;  public; unreserved; frank; sincere; undissembling;
   artless. See Candid, and Ingenuous.


   O"pen (?), n. Open or unobstructed space; clear land, without trees or
   obstructions;  open ocean; open water. "To sail into the open." Jowett
   (Thucyd. ).

     Then we got into the open. W. Black.

   In open, in full view; without concealment; openly. [Obs.]<-- = in the
   open --> Beau. & Fl.


   O"penm  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Opened (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Opening.] [AS.
   openian. See Open,a.]

   1.  To  make  or  set  open;  to render free of access; to unclose; to
   unbar;  to  unlock;  to  remove any fastening or covering from; as, to
   open a door; to open a box; to open a room; to open a letter.

     And all the windows of my heart I open to the day. Whittier.

   2. To spread; to expand; as, to open the hand.

   3. To disclose; to reveal; to interpret; to explain.

     The  king  opened himself to some of his council, that he was sorry
     for the earl's death. Bacon.

     Unto thee have I opened my cause. Jer. xx. 12.

     While he opened to us the Scriptures. Luke xxiv. 32.

   4. To make known; to discover; also, to render available or accessible
   for settlements, trade, etc.

     The  English  did  adventure  far  for  to  open the North parts of
     America. Abp. Abbot.

   5.  To  enter  upon;  to begin; as, to open a discussion; to open fire
   upon  an  enemy;  to  open trade, or correspondence; to open a case in
   court, or a meeting.

   6.  To  loosen  or  make  less  compact;  as, to open matted cotton by
   separating the fibers.
   To  open  one's  mouth,  to  speak.  --  To  open  up, to lay open; to
   discover; to disclose.

     Poetry  that  had  opened  up  so  many  delightful  views into the
     character  and  condition  of  our "bold peasantry, their country's
     pride." Prof. Wilson.


   O"pen, v. i.

   1.  To  unclose; to form a hole, breach, or gap; to be unclosed; to be

     The  earth  opened and swallowed up Dathan, and covered the company
     of Abiram. Ps. cvi. 17.

   2. To expand; to spread out; to be disclosed; as, the harbor opened to
   our view.

   3.  To  begin;  to  commence; as, the stock opened at par; the battery
   opened upon the enemy.

   4. (Sporting) To bark on scent or view of the game.


   O"pen-air`  (?),  a.  Taking  place  in  the open air; outdoor; as, an
   open-air game or meeting.


   O"pen*bill`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A bird of the genus Anastomus, allied
   to  the  stork;  --  so called because the two parts of the bill touch
   only  at the base and tip. One species inhabits India, another Africa.
   Called also open-beak. See Illust. (m), under Beak.


   O"pen*er  (?),  n.  One  who, or that which, opens. "True opener of my
   eyes." Milton.


   O"pen-eyed` (?), a. With eyes widely open; watchful; vigilant. Shak.


   O"pen-hand`ed    (?),    a.    Generous;   liberal;   munificent.   --
   O"pen-hand`ed*ness, n. J. S. Mill.


   O"pen-head`ed (?), a. Bareheaded. [Obs.]


   O"pen-heart`ed   (?),   a.   Candid;   frank;   generous.  Dryden.  --
   O"pen-heart`ed*ly, adv. -- O"pen-heart`ed*ness, n. Walton.


   O"pen*ing, n.

   1.  The  act  or  process of opening; a beginning; commencement; first
   appearance; as, the opening of a speech.

     The opening of your glory was like that of light. Dryden.

   2.  A  place  which  is  open; a breach; an aperture; a gap; cleft, or

     We saw him at the opening of his tent. Shak.

   3. Hence: A vacant place; an opportunity; as, an opening for business.
   [Colloq.] Dickens.

   4.  A  thinly  wooded  space,  without  undergrowth, in the midst of a
   forest; as, oak openings. [U.S.] Cooper.


   O"pen*ly, adv. [AS. openlice.]

   1. In an open manner; publicly; not in private; without secrecy.

     How grossly and openly do many of us contradict the precepts of the
     gospel by our ungodliness! Tillotson.

   2. Without reserve or disguise; plainly; evidently.

     My love . . . shall show itself more openly. Shak.


   O"pen-mouthed`  (?),  a. Having the mouth open; gaping; hence, greedy;
   clamorous. L'Estrange.


   O"pen*ness, n. The quality or state of being open.


   O"pen*work` (?), n.

   1.  Anything so constructed or manufactured (in needlework, carpentry,
   metal work, etc.) as to show openings through its substance; work that
   is perforated or pierced.

   2. (Mining) A quarry; an open cut. Raymond.

   Page 1005


   Op"er*a  (?),  n.  [It.,  fr.  opera  work, composition, opposed to an
   improvisation, fr. L. opera pains work, fr. opus, operis, work, labor:
   cf. F. op\'82ra. See Operate.]

   1.  A drama, either tragic or comic, of which music forms an essential
   part; a drama wholly or mostly sung, consisting of recitative, arials,
   choruses, duets, trios, etc., with orchestral accompaniment, preludes,
   and  interludes,  together  with  appropriate  costumes,  scenery, and
   action; a lyric drama.

   2.  The  score  of a musical drama, either written or in print; a play
   set to music.

   3. The house where operas are exhibited.
   Op\'82ra  bouffe  [F.  op\'82ra opera + bouffe comic, It.buffo], Opera
   buffa  [It.],  light,  farcical,  burlesque  opera.  --  Opera  box, a
   partially inclosed portion of the auditorium of an opera house for the
   use  of  a  small  private  party.  -- Op\'82ra comique [F.], comic or
   humorous  opera.  --  Opera flannel, a light flannel, highly finished.
   Knight.   --  Opera  girl  (Bot.),  an  East  Indian  plant  (Mantisia
   saltatoria)  of the Ginger family, sometimes seen in hothouses. It has
   curious flowers which have some resemblance to a ballet dancer, whence
   the  popular  name. Called also dancing girls. -- Opera glass, a short
   telescope  with  concave eye lenses of low power, usually made double,
   that  is, with a tube and set of glasses for each eye; a lorgnette; --
   so called because adapted for use at the opera, theater, etc. -- Opera
   hat,  a  gentleman's  folding  hat.  --  Opera  house, specifically, a
   theater  devoted  to  the performance of operas. -- Opera seria [It.],
   serious or tragic opera; grand opera.


   Op"er*a*ble (?), a. Practicable. [Obs.]


   Op`er*am"e*ter  (?), n. [L. opus, operis, pl. opera work + -meter.] An
   instrument   or  machine  for  measuring  work  done,  especially  for
   ascertaining  the  number  of  rotations made by a machine or wheel in
   manufacturing cloth; a counter. Ure.

                              Operance, Operancy

   Op"er*ance  (?),  Op"er*an*cy (?), n. The act of operating or working;
   operation. [R.]


   Op"er*and  (?), n. [From neuter of L. operandus, gerundive of operari.
   See  Operate.]  (Math.)  The  symbol,  quantity, or thing upon which a
   mathematical operation is performed; -- called also faciend.


   Op"er*ant  (?),  a.  [L.  operans,  p.pr.  of  operari.  See Operate.]
   Operative.  [R.]  Shak.  --  n.  An  operative  person  or thing. [R.]


   Op"er*ate  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Operated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Operating.]  [L.  operatus, p.p. of operari to work, fr. opus, operis,
   work,  labor;  akin  to Skr. apas, and also to G. \'81ben to exercise,
   OHG. uoben, Icel. . Cf. Inure, Maneuver, Ure.]

   1.  To perform a work or labor; to exert power or strengh, physical or
   mechanical; to act.

   2.  To  produce an appropriate physical effect; to issue in the result
   designed  by  nature; especially (Med.), to take appropriate effect on
   the human system.

   3.  To  act  or  produce  effect  on the mind; to exert moral power or

     The virtues of private persons operate but on a few. Atterbury.

     A  plain,  convincing reason operates on the mind both of a learned
     and ignorant hearer as long as they live. Swift.

   4.  (Surg.)  To  perform  some  manual  act  upon  a  human  body in a
   methodical  manner,  and  usually  with  instruments,  with  a view to
   restore soundness or health, as in amputation, lithotomy, etc.

   5.  To  deal  in  stocks  or  any commodity with a view to speculative
   profits. [Brokers' Cant]


   Op"er*ate, v. t.

   1. To produce, as an effect; to cause.

     The same cause would operate a diminution of the value of stock. A.

   2. To put into, or to continue in, operation or activity; to work; as,
   to operate a machine.

                             Operatic, Operatical

   Op`er**at"ic (?), Op`er*at"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to the opera
   or to operas; characteristic of, or resembling, the opera.


   Op`er*a"tion (?), n. [L. operatio: cf. F. op\'82ration.]

   1.  The  act  or  process of operating; agency; the exertion of power,
   physical, mechanical, or moral.

     The  pain  and  sickness  caused  by  manna  are the effects of its
     operation on the stomach. Locke.

     Speculative  painting,  without the assistance of manual operation,
     can never attain to perfection. Dryden.

   2. The method of working; mode of action.

   3.  That which is operated or accomplished; an effect brought about in
   accordance with a definite plan; as, military or naval operations.

   4. Effect produced; influence. [Obs.]

     The bards . . . had great operation on the vulgar. Fuller.

   5.  (Math.)  Something to be done; some transformation to be made upon
   quantities,  the  transformation  being  indicated  either by rules or

   6.  (Surg.)  Any  methodical  action  of the hand, or of the hand with
   instruments,  on  the  human  body,  to produce a curative or remedial
   effect, as in amputation, etc.
   Calculus of operations. See under Calculus.


   Op"er*a*tive (?), a. [Cf.L. operativus, F. op\'82ratif.]

   1.  Having  the  power  of  acting; hence, exerting force, physical or
   moral; active in the production of effects; as, an operative motive.

     It holds in all operative principles. South.

   2.  Producing  the appropriate or designed effect; efficacious; as, an
   operative dose, rule, or penalty.

   3.  (Surg.)  Based upon, or consisting of, an operation or operations;
   as, operative surgery.


   Op"er*a*tive,  n. A skilled worker; an artisan; esp., one who operates
   a machine in a mill or manufactory.


   Op"er*a*tive*ly, adv. In an operative manner.


   Op"er*a`tor (?), n. [L.]

   1. One who, or that which, operates or produces an effect.

   2.  (Surg.)  One who performs some act upon the human body by means of
   the hand, or with instruments.

   3.  A  dealer  in  stocks or any commodity for speculative purposes; a
   speculator. [Brokers' Cant]

   4. (Math.) The symbol that expresses the operation to be performed; --
   called also facient.


   Op"er*a*to*ry (?), n. A laboratory. [Obs.]


   O"per*cle (?), n. [Cf.F. opercule. See Operculum.]

   1. (Anat.) Any one of the bony plates which support the gill covers of
   fishes; an opercular bone.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) An operculum.


   O*per"cu*la (?), n. pl. See Operculum.


   O*par"cu*lar (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or like, an operculum.


   O*per"cu*lar,  n. (Anat.) The principal opercular bone or operculum of

                            Operculate, Operculated

   O*per"cu*late  (?),  O*per"cu*la`ted  (?), a. [L. operculatus, p.p. of
   operculare to furnish with a lid, fr. operculum lid.]

   1. (Bot.) Closed by a lid or cover, as the capsules of the mosses.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) Having an operculum, or an apparatus for protecting the
   gills; -- said of shells and of fishes.


   O*per`cu*lif"er*ous  (?), a. [Operculum + -ferous.] (Zo\'94l.) Bearing
   an operculum.


   O*per"cu*li*form  (?),  a.  [L.  operculum  a  cover  +  -form: cf. F.
   operculiforme.] Having the form of a lid or cover.


   O*per`cu*lig`e*nous   (?),   a.   [Operculum  +  -genous.]  (Zo\'94l.)
   Producing  an  operculum; -- said of the foot, or part of the foot, of
   certain mollusks.


   O*per"cu*lum  (?),  n.; pl. L. Opercula (#), E. Operculums (#). [L., a
   cover or lid, fr. operire to cover.]

   1.  (Bot.)  (a)  The  lid  of  a  pitcherform leaf. (b) The lid of the
   urnlike capsule of mosses.

   2.  (Anat.)  (a)  Any lidlike or operculiform process or part; as, the
   opercula  of  a  dental  follicle. (b) The fold of integument, usually
   supported  by bony plates, which protects the gills of most fishes and
   some  amphibians;  the  gill  cover;  the  gill lid. (c) The principal
   opercular bone in the upper and posterior part of the gill cover.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The lid closing the aperture of various species of
   shells,  as  the  common  whelk.  See  Illust.  of Gastropoda. (b) Any
   lid-shaped structure closing the aperture of a tube or shell.


   Op`er*et"ta  (?),  n.  [It.,  dim.  of  opera.] (Mus.) A short, light,
   musical drama.


   Op"er*ose` (?). a. [L. operosus, fr. opera pains, labor, opus, operis,
   work,  labor.]  Wrought  with  labor; requiring labor; hence, tedious;
   wearisome.  "Operose proceeding." Burke. "A very operose calculation."
   De Quincey. -- Op"er*ose`ly, adv. -- Op"er*ose`ness, n.


   Op`er*os"i*ty (?), n. [L. operositas.] Laboriousness. [R.] Bp. Hall.


   Op"er*ous (?), a. Operose. [Obs.] Holder. -- Op"er*ous*ly, adv. [Obs.]


   Op`er*ta"ne*ous  (?),  a. [L. opertaneus; operire to hide.] Concealed;
   private. [R.]


   Ope"tide`  (?),  n.  [Ope  + tide.] Open time; -- applied to different
   things:  (a) The early spring, or the time when flowers begin opening.
   [Archaic]  Nares.  (b)  The  time  between  Epiphany and Ash Wednesday
   wherein  marriages  were  formerly  solemnized  publicly  in churches.
   [Eng.]  (c)  The time after harvest when the common fields are open to
   all kinds of stock. [Prov.Eng.] Halliwell. [Written also opentide.]


   O*phel"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Of,  pertaining  to,  or  designating, a
   substance  (called  ophelic  acid) extracted from a plant (Ophelia) of
   the  Gentian  family  as  a bitter yellowish sirup, used in India as a
   febrifuge and tonic.


   Oph"i*cleide  (?),  n. [F. ophicl\'82ide, fr. Gr. (Mus.) A large brass
   wind instrument, formerly used in the orchestra and in military bands,
   having a loud tone, deep pitch, and a compass of three octaves; -- now
   generally  supplanted  by  bass and contrabass tubas. Moore (Encyc. of


   O*phid"i*a  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The order of reptiles
   which includes the serpents.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e mo st im portant divisions are: the Solenoglypha,
     having   erectile   perforated   fangs,  as  the  rattlesnake;  the
     Proteroglypha,  or elapine serpents, having permanently erect fang,
     as  the  cobra;  the  Asinea,  or  colubrine  serpents,  which  are
     destitute   of   fangs;   and   the  Opoterodonta,  or  Epanodonta,
     blindworms, in which the mouth is not dilatable.


   O*phid"i*an  (?), n. [Cf. F. ophidien.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the Ophidia;
   a snake or serpent.


   O*phid"i*an,  a. [Cf. F. ophidien.] (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the
   Ophidia; belonging to serpents.


   O*phid"i*oid (?), a. [Ophidion + -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to
   the  Ophidiid\'91,  a  family  of  fishes  which includes many slender
   species. -- n. One of the Ophidiid\'91.


   O*phid"i*on  (?),  n.;  pl.  Ophidia  (#). [L., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The
   typical  genus  of  ophidioid  fishes.  [Written  also  Ophidium.] See
   Illust. under Ophidioid.


   O*phid"i*ous (?), a. Ophidian.


   O`phi*ol"a*try (?), n. [Gr. The worship of serpents.

                           Ophiologic, Ophiological

   O`phi*o*log"ic  (?),  O`phi*o*log"ic*al  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to


   O`phi*ol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in the natural history of serpents.


   O`phi*ol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -logy:  cf.F. ophioloqie.] That part of
   natural history which treats of the ophidians, or serpents.


   O"phi*o*man`cy (?), n. [Gr. -mancy: cf. F. ophiomantie.] Divination by
   serpents, as by their manner of eating, or by their coils.


   O`phi*o*mor"pha  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL. See Ophiomorphous.] (Zo\'94l.) An
   order  of  tailless  amphibians  having  a slender, wormlike body with
   regular  annulations,  and  usually with minute scales imbedded in the
   skin.   The   limbs  are  rudimentary  or  wanting.  It  includes  the
   c\'91cilians. Called also Gymnophiona and Ophidobatrachia.


   O`phi*o*mor"phite (?), n. [Gr. (Paleon.) An ammonite.


   O`phi*o*mor"phous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  -morphous.]  Having  the  form of a


   O`phi*oph"a*gous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  ophiophage.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Feeding on
   serpents; -- said of certain birds and reptiles.


   O`phi*oph"a*gus,  n.  [NL.  See  Ophiophagous.]  (Zo\'94l.) A genus of
   venomous  East  Indian snakes, which feed on other snakes. Ophiophagus
   elaps is said to be the largest and most deadly of poisonous snakes.


   O"phite (?), a. [Gr. Of or pertaining to a serpent. [Obs.]


   O"phite,  n.  [L.  ophites,  Gr.  ophite.]  (Min.)  A greenish spotted
   porphyry,  being a diabase whose pyroxene has been altered to uralite;
   -- first found in the Pyreness. So called from the colored spots which
   give it a mottled appearance. -- O*phi"ic (#), a.


   O"phite,  n. [L. Ophitae, pl. See Ophite, a.] (Eccl.Hist.) A mamber of
   a Gnostic serpent-worshiping sect of the second century.


   O`phi*u"chus  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr. Gr. (Astron.) A constellation in the
   Northern  Hemisphere,  delineated  as  a  man holding a serpent in his
   hands; -- called also Serpentarius.


   O`phi*u"ra  (?),  n.  [NL.,  from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of ophiurioid


   O`phi*u"ran  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Ophiurioidea.
   -- n. One of the Ophiurioidea.


   O`phi*u"rid (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Ophiurioid.


   O`phi*u"ri*da (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) Same as Ophiurioidea.


   O`phi*u"ri*oid   (?),   a.   (Zo\'94l.)   Of   or  pertaining  to  the
   Ophiurioidea. -- n. One of the Ophiurioidea. [Written also ophiuroid.]

                           Ophiurioidea, Ophiuroidea

   O`phi*u`ri*oi"de*a  (?),  O`phi*u*roi"de*a  (?),  n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr.
   (Zo\'94l.)  A class of star-shaped echinoderms having a disklike body,
   with  slender, articulated arms, which are not grooved beneath and are
   often  very  fragile;  --  called  also Ophiuroida and Ophiuridea. See
   Illust. under Brittle star.


   Oph"ry*on (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.) The supraorbital point.


   Oph*thal"mi*a  (?),  n.  [F. ophthalmie, L. ophthalmia, fr. Gr. optic.
   See  Optic.]  (Med.)  An inflammation of the membranes or coats of the
   eye or of the eyeball.


   Oph*thal"mic  (?),  a. [Gr. ophthalmique. See Ophthalmia.] (Anat.) Of,
   pertaining  to,  or  in  the  region  of,  the  eye;  ocular;  as  the
   ophthalmic, or orbitonasal, nerve, a division of the trigeminal, which
   gives  branches  to  the lachrymal gland, eyelids, nose, and forehead.
   Ophthalmic region (Zo\'94l.), the space around the eyes.


   Oph*thal"mite  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) An eyestalk; the organ which
   bears the compound eyes of decapod Crustacea.


   Oph*thal`mo*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to ophthalmology.


   Oph`thal*mol"o*gist (?), n. One skilled in ophthalmology; an oculist.


   Oph`thal*mol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -logy:  cf. F. ophthalmologie.] The
   science  which treats of the structure, functions, and diseases of the


   Oph`thal*mom"e*ter,  n. [Gr. -meter.] (Physiol.) An instrument devised
   by Helmholtz for measuring the size of a reflected image on the convex
   surface  of  the  cornea and lens of the eye, by which their curvature
   can be ascertained.


   Oph*thal"mo*scope  (?), n. [From Gr. -scope.] (Physiol.) An instrument
   for viewing the interior of the eye, particularly the retina. Light is
   thrown  into the eye by a mirror (usually concave) and the interior is
   then   examined   with   or   without   the   aid   of   a   lens.  --
   Oph*thal`mo*scop"ic (#), a.


   Oph`thal*mos"co*py (?), n. [Cf. F. ophthalmoscopie.]

   1.  A  branch of physiognomy which deduces the knowledge of a person's
   temper and character from the appearance of the eyes.

   2. Examination of the eye with the ophthalmoscope.

   Page 1006


   Oph*thal"my (?), n. Same as Ophthalmia.


   O`pi*an"ic  (?),  a.  [From  Opium.]  (Chem.)  Of,  pertaining  to, or
   designating, an organic acid obtained by the oxidation of narcotine.


   O"pi*a*nine  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  An alkaloid found in small quantity in
   opium. It is identical with narcotine.


   O"pi*a*nyl, n. [Opianic + -yl.] (Chem.) Same as Meconin.


   O"pi*ate (?), n. [From Opium: cf.F. opiat.]

   1.  Originally,  a  medicine  of  a  thicker  consistence  than sirup,
   prepared with opium. Parr.

   2.  Any  medicine that contains opium, and has the quality of inducing
   sleep or repose; a narcotic.

   3.  Anything  which  induces  rest  or  inaction;  that  which  quiets

     They chose atheism as an opiate. Bentley.


   O"pi*ate,  a.  [See  Opium.]  Inducing  sleep;  somniferous; narcotic;
   hence,  anodyne;  causing  rest, dullness, or inaction; as, the opiate
   rod of Hermes. Milton.


   O"pi*ate  (?),  v. t. To subject to the influence of an opiate; to put
   to sleep. [R.] Fenton.


   O"pi*a`ted (?), a.

   1. Mixed with opiates.

   2. Under the influence of opiates.


   O"pie (?), n. Opium. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   O*pif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  opifer; ops, opis, help + ferre to bear.]
   Bringing help. [R.]


   Op"i*fice  (?),  n.  [L.  opificium,  fr. opifex workman. See Office.]
   Workmanship. [Obs.] Bailey.


   O*pif"i*cer  (?),  n.  An  artificer;  a workman. [Obs.] "The almighty
   opificer." Bentley.


   O*pin"a*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  opinabilis.]  Capable  of  being opined or
   thought. Holland.


   Op`i*na"tion  (?), n. [L. opinatio. See Opine,] The act of thinking; a
   supposition. [Obs.]


   O*pin"a*tive  (?),  a.  Obstinate  in  holding  opinions; opinionated.
   [Obs.] -- O*pin"a*tive*ly, adv. [Obs.] Burton. Sir T. More.


   Op"i*na`tor  (?),  n. [L.] One fond of his own opinious; one who holds
   an opinion. [Obs.] Glanvill.


   O*pine"  (?),  v.  t.  &  i. [imp. & p. p. Opined (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Opining.]  [L.  opinari,  p.p.  opinatus;  akin  to  opinus (in comp.)
   thinking,  and perh. to E. apt: cf. F. opiner.] To have an opinion; to
   judge; to think; to suppose. South.


   O*pin"er (?), n. One who opines. Jer. Taylor.

                             Opiniaster, Opiniatre

   O`pin*ias"ter   (?),   O`pin*ia"tre   (?),   a.  [OF.  opiniastre,  F.
   opini\'83tre. See Opinion.] Opinionated. [Obs.] Sir W. Raleigh.


   O`pin*ias"trous (?), a. See Opiniaster. [Obs.].


   O*pin"late (?), v. t. To hold or maintain persistently. [Obs.] Barrow.


   O*pin"ia*ted (?), a. Opinionated. [Obs.]


   O*pin"ia*tive  (?),  a.  Opinionative.  Glanvill. -- O*pin"ia*tive*ly,
   adv. -- O*pin"ia*tive*ness, n.

                             Opiniator, Opiniatre

   O`pin*ia"tor,  O`pin*ia"tre  (?),  n.  One  who is opinionated. [Obs.]
   South. Barrow.


   O`pin*ia"tre, a. See Opiniaster. [Obs.] Locke.


   O`pin*iat"re*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  opini\'83tret\'82.]  Obstinacy in
   opinious. [Written also opiniatry.] [Obs.]


   O*pin"i*cus (, n. (Her.) An imaginary animal borne as a charge, having
   wings,  an  eagle's  head,  and a short tail; -- sometimes represented
   without wings.


   O*pin"ing (?), n. Opinion. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.


   O*pin"ion (?), n. [F., from L. opinio. See Opine.]

   1.  That  which  is opined; a notion or conviction founded on probable
   evidence;  belief  stronger than impression, less strong than positive
   knowledge;  settled  judgment  in  regard to any point of knowledge or

     Opinion is when the assent of the understanding is so far gained by
     evidence  of probability, that it rather inclines to one persussion
     than  to  another,  yet  not  without  a  mixture of incertainty or
     doubting. Sir M. Hale.

     I can not put off my opinion so easily. Shak.

   2.  The  judgment  or  sentiment  which  the  mind forms of persons or
   things; estimation.

     I have bought golden opinions from all sorts of people. Shak.

     Friendship . . . gives a man a peculiar right and claim to the good
     opinion of his friend. South.

     However, I have no opinion of those things. Bacon.

   3.  Favorable  estimation;  hence,  consideration;  reputation;  fame;
   public sentiment or esteem. [Obs.]

     Thou hast redeemed thy lost opinion. Shak.

     This  gained  Agricola  much opinion, who . . . had made such early
     progress into laborious . . . enterprises. Milton.

   4. Obstinacy in holding to one's belief or impression; opiniativeness;
   conceitedness. [Obs.] Shak.

   5.  (Law.) The formal decision, or expression of views, of a judge, an
   umpire, a counselor, or other party officially called upon to consider
   and decide upon a matter or point submitted.
   To  be  of  opinion,  to  think; to judge. -- To hold opinion with, to
   agree  with. [Obs.] Shak. Syn. -- Sentiment; notion; persuasion; idea;
   view; estimation. See Sentiment.
   O*pin"ion, v. t. To opine. [Obs.] 


   O*pin"ion*a*ble  (?),  a.  Being,  or  capable  of  being, a matter of
   opinion;   that  can  be  thought;  not  positively  settled;  as,  an
   opinionable doctrine. C. J. Ellicott.


   O*pin"ion*ate (?), a. Opinionated.


   O*pin"ion*a`ted (?), a. Stiff in opinion; firmly or unduly adhering to
   one's  own  opinion  or to preconceived notions; obstinate in opinion.
   Sir W. Scott.


   O*pin"ion*ate*ly (?), adv. Conceitedly. Feltham.


   O*pin"ion*a*tist (?), n. An opinionist. [Obs.]


   O*pin"ion*a*tive, a.

   1. Unduly attached to one's own opinions; opinionated. Milton.

   2.  Of  the  nature  of  an  opinion; conjectured. [Obs.] "Things both
   opinionative  and  practical." Bunyan. -- O*pin"ion*a*tive*ly, adv. --
   O*pin"ion*a*tive*ness, n.


   O*pin"ion*a`tor   (?),   n.   An  opinionated  person;  one  given  to
   conjecture. [Obs.] South.


   O*pin"ioned (?), a. Opinionated; conceited.

     His opinioned zeal which he thought judicious. Milton.


   O*pin"ion*ist  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  opinioniste.]  One  fond of his own
   notions, or unduly attached to his own opinions. Glanvill.


   O*pip"a*rous  (?),  a. [L. opiparus, fr. ops, opis, riches + parare to
   provide.]   Sumptuous.  [Obs.]  --  O*pip"a*rous*ly,  adv.  [Obs.]  E.


   Op`i*som"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Gr. -meter.] An instrument with a revolving
   wheel for measuring a curved line, as on a map.


   O*pis"thi*on  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Anat.)  The  middle  of  the
   posterior, or dorsal, margin of the great foramen of the skull.

                      Opisthobranchia, Opisthobranchiata

   O*pis`tho*bran"chi*a  (?),  O*pis`tho*bran`chi*a"ta  (?), n. pl. [NL.,
   from  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  division of gastropod Mollusca, in which the
   breathing  organs  are  usually situated behind the heart. It includes
   the tectibranchs and nudibranchs.


   O*pis`tho*bran"chi*ate  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Of  or pertaining to the
   Opisthobranchiata. -- n. One of the Opisthobranchiata.

                      Opisthoc\'d2lian, Opisthoc\'d2lous

   O*pis`tho*c\'d2"li*an  (?),  O*pis`tho*c\'d2"lous (?), a. [Gr. (Anat.)
   Concave  behind;  --  applied  especially  to vertebr\'91 in which the
   anterior end of the centrum is convex and the posterior concave.


   O*pis"tho*dome  (?),  n.  [L.  opisthodomus,  Gr. do`mos house: cf. F.
   opisthodome.]  (Arch.)  A  back  chamber; especially, that part of the
   naos,  or  cella, farthest from the main entrance, sometimes having an
   entrance of its own, and often used as a treasury.


   O*pis`tho*glyph"a  (?), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   serpents  which have some of the posterior maxillary teeth grooved for


   Op`is*thog"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [Gr. -graphy.] A writing upon the back of
   anything,  as upon the back of a leaf or sheet already written upon on
   one side. [R.] Scudamore.


   Op`is*tho"mi  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An order of eellike
   fishes  having  the scapular arch attached to the vertebr\'91, but not
   connected with the skull.


   O*pis`tho*pul"mo*nate  (?),  a.[Gr.  pulmonate.] (Zo\'94l.) Having the
   pulmonary  sac  situated posteriorly; -- said of certain air-breathing


   Op`is*thot"ic  (?),  n. [Gr. (Anat.) The inferior and posterior of the
   three elements forming the periotic bone.


   Op`is*thot"o*nos  (?),  n.  [NL.,  from  Gr. (Med.) A tetanic spasm in
   which the body is bent backwards and stiffened.


   O*pit`u*la"tion  (?), n. [L. opitulatio, fr. opitulari to bring help.]
   The act of helping or aiding; help. [Obs.] Bailey.


   O"pi*um  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr.  Gr. (Chem.) The inspissated juice of the
   Papaver somniferum, or white poppy.

     NOTE: &hand; Op ium is obtained from incisions made in the capsules
     of  the  plant,  and  the best flows from the first incision. It is
     imported into Europe and America chiefly from the Levant, and large
     quantities  are  sent  to  China  from  India,  Persia,  and  other
     countries. It is of a brownish yellow color, has a faint smell, and
     bitter  and  acrid  taste. It is a stimulant narcotic poison, which
     may  produce  hallicinations,  profound sleep, or death. It is much
     used  in medicine to soothe pain and inflammation, and is smoked as
     an intoxicant with baneful effects.

   Opium joint, a low resort of opium smokers. [Slang]

                                   Ople tree

   O"ple  tree`  (?).  [L. opulus a kind of maple tree.] The witch-hazel.
   [Obs.] Ainsworth.

                            Opobalsam, Opobalsamum

   Op`o*bal"sam  (?), Op`o*bal"sa*mum (?), n. [L. opobalsamum, Gr. (Med.)
   The  old  name  of  the  aromatic resinous juice of the Balsamodendron
   opobalsamum, now commonly called balm of Gilead. See under Balm.


   Op`o*del"doc  (?), n. [So called by Paracelsus. The first syllable may
   be fr. Gr.

   1.  A  kind  of  plaster, said to have been invented by Mindererus, --
   used for external injuries. [Obs.]

   2. A saponaceous, camphorated liniment; a solution of soap in alcohol,
   with the addition of camphor and essential oils; soap liniment.


   O*pop"a*nax  (?),  n. [L., fr. Gr. opopanax.] The inspissated juice of
   an  umbelliferous  plant  (the Opoponax Chironum), brought from Turkey
   and  the East Indies in loose granules, or sometimes in larger masses,
   of a reddish yellow color, with specks of white. It has a strong smell
   and  acrid  taste, and was formerly used in medicine as an emmenagogue
   and antispasmodic. Dunglison.


   O*pos"sum  (?),  n.  [Of  N.  American  Indian origin.] (Zo\'94l.) Any
   American marsupial of the genera Didelphys and Chironectes. The common
   species  of  the United States is Didelphys Virginiana.<-- called also
   possum -->

     NOTE: &hand; Se veral re lated sp ecies are found in South America.
     The water opossum of Brazil (Chironectes variegatus), which has the
     hind  feet,  webbed,  is  provided  with a marsupial pouch and with
     cheek pouches. It is called also yapock.

   Opossum  mouse.  (Zo\'94l.) See Flying mouse, under Flying. -- Opossum
   shrimp  (Zo\'94l.),  any  schizopod  crustacean of the genus Mysis and
   allied genera. See Schizopoda.


   Op"pi*dan  (?),  a. [L. oppidanus, fr. oppidum town.] Of or pertaining
   to a town. Howell.


   Op"pi*dan, n.

   1. An inhabitant of a town.

   2.  A  student  of Eton College, England, who is not a King's scholar,
   and who boards in a private family.


   Op*pig"ner*ate  (?),  v.  i.  [L. oppigneratus, p.p. of oppignerare to
   pawn. See Ob-, and Pignerate.] To pledge; to pawn. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Op"pi*late  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Oppilated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Oppilating  (?).]  [L. oppilatus, p.p. of oppilare to stop up; ob (see
   Ob-) + pilare to ram down, to thrust.] To crowd together; to fill with
   obstructions; to block up. [Obs.] Cockeram.


   Op`pi*la"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  oppilatio: cf. F. opilation.] The act of
   filling   or  crowding  together;  a  stopping  by  redundant  matter;
   obstruction, particularly in the lower intestines. Jer. Taylor.


   Op`pi*la*tive  (?),  a.  [Cf. F. opilatif. See Oppilate.] Obstructive.
   [Obs.] Sherwood.

                               Opplete, Oppleted

   Op*plete"  (?),  Op*plet"ed  (?),  a. [L. oppletus, p.p. of opplere to
   fill  up;  ob  (see  Ob-)  +  plere  to fill.] Filled; crowded. [Obs.]


   Op*ple"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  of  filling up, or the state of being
   filled up; fullness. [Obs.]


   Op*pone"  (?), v. t. [L. opponere. See Opponent.] To oppose. [Obs.] B.


   Op*po"nen*cy (?), n. The act of opening an academical disputation; the
   proposition  of  objections  to  a tenet, as an exercise for a degree.
   [Eng.] Todd.


   Op*po"nent  (?),  a. [L. opponens, -entis, p.pr. of opponere to set or
   place  against,  to  oppose;  ob  (see  Ob-)  +  ponere  to place. See
   Position.]  Situated  in  front;  opposite;  hence, opposing; adverse;
   antagonistic. Pope.


   Op*po"nent, n.

   1. One who opposes; an adversary; an antagonist; a foe. Macaulay.

   2.  One  who  opposes  in  a  disputation,  argument,  or other verbal
   controversy; specifically, one who attacks some theirs or proposition,
   in distinction from the respondent, or defendant, who maintains it.

     How  becomingly does Philopolis exercise his office, and seasonably
     commit  the  opponent  with  the  respondent, like a long-practiced
     moderator! Dr. H. More.

   Syn. -- Antagonist; opposer; foe. See Adversary.


   Op`por*tune"  (?),  a. [F. opporiun, L. opportunus, lit., at or before
   the port; ob (see Ob-) + a derivative of portus port, harbor. See Port
   harbor.] Convenient; ready; hence, seasonable; timely. Milton.

     This is most opportune to our need. Shak.

   -- Op`por*tune"ly, adv. -- Op`por*tune"ness, n.


   Op`por*tune", v. t. To suit. [Obs.] Dr. Clerke(1637).


   Op`por*tun"ism  (?),  n. [Cf. F. opportunisme.] The art or practice of
   taking  advantage  of  opportunities  or  circumstances, or of seeking
   immediate  advantage  with  little  regard  for ultimate consequences.


   Op`por*tun"ist,  n.  [Cf.  F.  opportuniste.]  One  who  advocates  or
   practices opportunism. [Recent]


   Op`por*tu"ni*ty (?), n.; pl. Opportunities (#). [F. opportunit\'82, L.
   opportunitas. See Opportune.]

   1.  Fit  or convenient time; a time or place favorable for executing a
   purpose;  a  suitable  combination  of  conditions; suitable occasion;

     A wise man will make more opportunities than he finds. Bacon.

   2. Convenience of situation; fitness. [Obs.]

     Hull,  a  town  of  great strength and opportunity, both to sea and
     land affairs. Milton.

   3.  Importunity;  earnestness.  [Obs.]  Jer. Taylor. Syn. -- Occasion;
   convenience; occurrence. -- Opportunity, Occasion. An occasion is that
   which falls in our way, or presents itself in the course of events; an
   opportunity  is a convenience or fitness of time, place, etc., for the
   doing  of  a  thing.  Hence,  occasions  often make opportunities. The
   occasion of sickness may give opportunity for reflection.


   Op*pos`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The condition or quality of being opposable.

     In   no   savage  have  I  ever  seen  the  slightest  approach  to
     opposability   of   the   great   toe,   which   is  the  essential
     distinguishing feature of apes. A. R. Wallace.


   Op*pos"a*ble (?), a.

   1. Capable of being opposed or resisted.

   2.  Capable  of being placed opposite something else; as, the thumb is
   opposable to the forefinger.


   Op*pos"al (?), n. Opposition. [R.] Sir T. Herbert.


   Op*pose"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Opposed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Opposing.]  [F.  opposer.  See Ob-, Pose, and cf.2d Appose, Puzzle, n.
   Cf.L. opponere, oppositum.]

   1. To place in front of, or over against; to set opposite; to exhibit.

     Her  grace sat down . . . In a rich chair of state; opposing freely
     The beauty of her person to the people. Shak.

   2. To put in opposition, with a view to counterbalance or countervail;
   to set against; to offer antagonistically.

     I may . . . oppose my single opinion to his. Locke.

   3.  To  resist or antagonize by physical means, or by arguments, etc.;
   to  contend  against;  to  confront;  to  resist; to withstand; as, to
   oppose the king in battle; to oppose a bill in Congress.

   4.  To  compete  with;  to strive against; as, to oppose a rival for a

     I am . . . too weak To oppose your cunning. Shak.

   Syn.  --  To  combat;  withstand;  contradict;  deny; gainsay; oppugn;
   contravene; check; obstruct.

   Page 1007


   Op*pose" (?), v. i.

   1. To be set opposite. Shak.

   2.  To  act  adversely  or in opposition; -- with against or to; as, a
   servant opposed against the act. [Obs.] Shak.

   3. To make objection or opposition in controversy.


   Op*pose"less,  a.  Not to be effectually opposed; irresistible. [Obs.]
   "Your great opposeless wills." Shak.


   Op*pos"er  (?),  n.  One  who  opposes; an opponent; an antagonist; an


   Op"po*site  (?),  a.  [F.,  fr.  L.  oppositus, p. p. of opponere. See

   1. Placed over against; standing or situated over against or in front;
   facing; -- often with to; as, a house opposite to the Exchange.

   2.  Applied  to  the other of two things which are entirely different;
   other; as, the opposite sex; the opposite extreme.

   3.    Extremely    different;   inconsistent;   contrary;   repugnant;

     Novels, by which the reader is misled into another sort of pieasure
     opposite to that which is designed in an epic poem. Dryden.

     Particles  of  speech  have  divers, and sometimes almost opposite,
     significations. Locke.

   4.  (Bot.) (a) Set over against each other, but separated by the whole
   diameter  of  the  stem,  as  two  leaves at the same node. (b) Placed
   directly  in  front of another part or organ, as a stamen which stands
   before a petal.


   Op"po*site, n.

   1. One who opposes; an opponent; an antagonist. [Obs.]

     The opposites of this day's strife. Shak.

   2. That which is opposed or contrary; as, sweetness and its opposite.

     The  virtuous  man meets with more opposites and opponents than any
     other. Landor.


   Op"po*site*ly,  adv. In a situation to face each other; in an opposite
   manner or direction; adversely.

     Winds from all quarters oppositely blow. May.


   Op"po*site*ness, n. The quality or state of being opposite.


   Op*pos`i*ti*fo"li*ous  (?),  a. [See Opposite, Folious.] (Bot.) Placed
   at  the  same  node  with  a  leaf, but separated from it by the whole
   diameter of the stem; as, an oppositifolious peduncle.


   Op`po*si"tion (?), n. [F., fr. L. oppositio. See Opposite.]

   1.  The  act  of  opposing;  an attempt to check, restrain, or defeat;

     The counterpoise of so great an opposition. Shak.

     Virtue which breaks through all opposition. Milton.

   2.  The  state  of being placed over against; situation so as to front
   something else. Milton.

   3.   Repugnance;  contrariety  of  sentiment,  interest,  or  purpose;
   antipathy. Shak.

   4.  That  which  opposes;  an obstacle; specifically, the aggregate of
   persons  or  things  opposing;  hence,  in  politics and parliamentary
   practice, the party opposed to the party in power.

   5.  (Astron.) The situation of a heavenly body with respect to another
   when  in  the part of the heavens directly opposite to it; especially,
   the  position of a planet or satellite when its longitude differs from
   that of the sun 180; -- signified by the symbol as, .

   6. (Logic) The relation between two propositions when, having the same
   subject  and  predicate, they differ in quantity, or in quality, or in
   both;  or  between  two  propositions which have the same matter but a
   different form.


   Op`po*si"tion*ist, n. One who belongs to the opposition party. Praed.


   Op*pos`i*ti*pet"al*ous  (?),  a.  [See  Opposite,  and  Petal.] (Bot.)
   Placed in front of a petal.


   Op*pos`i*ti*sep"al*ous  (?),  a.  [See  Opposite,  and  Sepal.] (Bot.)
   Placed in front of a sepal.


   Op*pos`i*tive  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. oppositif. See Opposite.] Capable of
   being put in opposition. Bp. Hall.


   Op*press"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Oppressed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Oppressing.] [F. oppresser, LL. oppressare, fr. L. oppressus, p. p. of
   opprimere; ob (see Ob-) + premere to press. See Press.]

   1. To impose excessive burdens upon; to overload; hence, to treat with
   unjust rigor or with cruelty. Wyclif.

     For thee, oppress\'8ad king, am I cast down. Shak.

     Behold  the  kings  of  the  earth;  how  they oppress Thy chosen !

   2. To ravish; to violate. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   3. To put down; to crush out; to suppress. [Obs.]

     The mutiny he there hastes to oppress. Shak.

   4. To produce a sensation of weight in (some part of the body); as, my
   lungs  are  oppressed  by  the  damp air; excess of food oppresses the


   Op*pres"sion (?), n. [F., fr. L. oppressio.]

   1. The act of oppressing, or state of being oppressed.

   2.  That  which oppresses; a hardship or injustice; cruelty; severity;
   tyranny. "The multitude of oppressions." Job xxxv. 9.

   3.  A  sense  of  heaviness  or  obstruction  in  the  body  or  mind;
   depression;  dullness;  lassitude;  as,  an  oppression of spirits; an
   oppression of the lungs.

     There gentlee Sleep First found me, and with soft oppression seized
     My drowsed sense. Milton.

   4. Ravishment; rape. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Op*press"ive (?), a. [Cf. F. oppressif.]

   1.  Unreasonably  burdensome; unjustly severe, rigorous, or harsh; as,
   oppressive  taxes; oppressive exactions of service; an oppressive game
   law. Macaulay.

   2. Using oppression; tyrannical; as, oppressive authority or commands.

   3. Heavy; overpowering; hard to be borne; as, oppressive grief or woe.

     To ease the soul of one oppressive weight. Pope.

   -- Op*press"ive*ly, adv. -- Op*press"ive*ness, n.


   Op*press"or  (?),  n.  [L.]  One who oppresses; one who imposes unjust
   burdens  on  others;  one  who  harasses  others  with  unjust laws or
   unreasonable severity.

     The orphan pines while the oppressor feeds. Shak.

     To relieve the oppressed and to punish the oppressor. Swift.


   Op*pres"sure (?), n. Oppression. [Obs.]


   Op*pro"bri*ous   (?),   a.   [L.  opprobriosus,  fr.  opprobrium.  See

   1.   Expressive   of   opprobrium;  attaching  disgrace;  reproachful;
   scurrilous; as, opprobrious language.

     They  .  . . vindicate themselves in terms no less opprobrious than
     those by which they are attacked. Addison.

   2. Infamous; despised; rendered hateful; as, an opprobrious name.

     This dark, opprobrious den of shame. Milton.

   -- Op*pro"bri*ous*ly, adv. -- Op*pro"bri*ous*ness, n.


   Op*pro"bri*um  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr.  ob  (see  Ob-) + probrum reproach,
   disgrace.]  Disgrace;  infamy; reproach mingled with contempt; abusive

     Being both dramatic author and dramatic performer, he found himself
     heir to a twofold opprobrium. De Quincey.


   Op*pro"bry (?), n. Opprobrium. [Obs.] Johnson.


   Op*pugn"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Oppugned (?); p pr. & vb. n.
   Oppugning.]  [OF.  oppugner,  L.  oppugnare; ob (see Ob-) + pugnare to
   fight.  See  Impugn.]  To  fight against; to attack; to be in conflict
   with; to oppose; to resist.

     They  said  the  manner  of  their  impeachment  they could not but
     conceive did oppugn the rights of Parliament. Clarendon.


   Op*pug"nan*cy   (?),   n.  [See  Oppugnant.]  The  act  of  oppugning;
   opposition; resistance. Shak.


   Op*pug"nant  (?),  a. [L. oppugnans, p. pr. of oppugnare. See Oppugn.]
   Tending  to  awaken  hostility; hostile; opposing; warring. "Oppugnant
   forces." I. Taylor. -- n. An opponent. [R.] Coleridge.


   Op`pug*na"tion   (?),   n.   [L.  oppugnatio:  cf.  OF.  oppugnation.]
   Opposition. [R.] Bp. Hall.


   Op*pugn"er  (?),  n.  One  who opposes or attacks; that which opposes.


   Op*sim"a*thy (?), n. [Gr. Education late in life. [R.] Hales.


   Op`si*om"e*ter   (?),  n.  [Gr.  -meter:  cf.  F.  opsiom\'8atre.]  An
   instrument  for  measuring the limits of distincts vision in different
   individuals,  and  thus  determiming the proper focal length of a lens
   for correcting imperfect sight. Brande & C.


   Op`so*na"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  opsonatio.]  A  catering;  a  buying  of
   provisions. [Obs.] Bailey.


   Op"ta*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  optabilis.]  That  may be chosen; desirable.
   [Obs.] Cockeram.


   Op"tate  (?),  v. i. [L. optatus, p. p. of optare.] To choose; to wish
   for; to desire. [Obs.] Cotgrave.


   Op*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L. optatio. See Option.] The act of optating; a
   wish. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Op"ta*tive  (?),  a. [L. optativus: cf. F. optatif.] Expressing desire
   or  wish.  Fuller. Optative mood (Gram.), that mood or form of a verb,
   as in Greek, Sanskrit, etc., in which a wish or desire is expressed.


   Op"ta*tive, n. [Cf. F. optatif.]

   1. Something to be desired. [R.] Bacon.

   2. (Gram.) The optative mood; also, a verb in the optative mood.


   Op"ta*tive*ly,  adv.  In  an  optative  manner; with the expression of
   desire. [R.]

     God blesseth man imperatively, and man blesseth God optatively. Bp.


   Op"tic (?), n. [From Optic, a.]

   1. The organ of sight; an eye.

     The difference is as great between The optics seeing, as the object
     seen. Pope.

   2. An eyeglass. [Obs.] Herbert.

                                Optic, Optical

   Op"tic (?), Op"tic*al (?), a. [F. optique, Gr. oculus eye. See Ocular,
   Eye, and cf. Canopy, Ophthalmia.]

   1. Of or pertaining to vision or sight.

     The  moon,  whose  orb Through optic glass the Tuscan artist views.

   2.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the eye; ocular; as, the optic nerves (the
   first pair of cranial nerves) which are distributed to the retina. See
   Illust. of Brain, and Eye.

   3. Relating to the science of optics; as, optical works.
   Optic  angle  (Opt.), the angle included between the optic axes of the
   two  eyes  when  directed  to  the  same  point;  --  sometimes called
   binocular parallax. -- Optic axis. (Opt.) (a) A line drawn through the
   center  of  the  eye  perpendicular  to  its  anterior  and  posterior
   surfaces.  In  a  normal  eye it is in the direction of the optic axis
   that  objects  are  most  distinctly  seen.  (b)  The line in a doubly
   refracting  crystal,  in  the  direction of which no double refraction
   occurs.  A  uniaxial  crystal has one such line, a biaxial crystal has
   two.  --  Optical  circle  (Opt.),  a  graduated  circle  used for the
   measurement  of  angles  in  optical experiments. -- Optical square, a
   surveyor's instrument with reflectors for laying off right angles.


   Op"tic*al*ly,  adv.  By optics or sight; with reference to optics. <--
   def.  of  Optically  active  needs  rewriting  -->  Optically  active,
   Optically  inactive  (Chem.  Physics), terms used of certain metameric
   substances  which,  while identical with each other in other respects,
   differ  in  this, viz., that they do or do not produce right-handed or
   left-handed  circular  polarization  of  light. -- Optically positive,
   Optically negative. See under Refraction.


   Op*ti"cian (?), n. [Cf. F. opticien. See Optic, a.]

   1. One skilled in optics. [R.] A. Smith.

   2. One who deals in optical glasses and instruments.


   Op"tics (?), n. [Cf. F. optique, L. optice, Gr. Optic.] That branch of
   physical  science  which treats of the nature and properties of light,
   the laws of its modification by opaque and transparent bodies, and the
   phenomena of vision.


   Op"ti*graph  (?),  n. [Optic + -graph: cf. F. opticographe. See Optic,
   a.  ]  A  telescope  with a diagonal eyepiece, suspended vertically in
   gimbals by the object end beneath a fixed diagonal plane mirror. It is
   used  for  delineating landscapes, by means of a pencil at the eye end
   which leaves the delineation on paper.


   Op"ti*ma*cy (?), n. [Cf. F. optimatie. See Optimate.]

   1. Government by the nobility. [R.] Howell.

   2. Collectively, the nobility. [R.]


   Op"ti*mate  (?),  a.  [L. optimas, -atis, adj., optimates, n. pl., the
   adherents  of the best men, the aristocrats, fr. optimus the best.] Of
   or pertaining to the nobility or aristocracy. [R.] -- n. A nobleman or
   aristocrat; a chief man in a state or city. [R.] Chapman.


   Op`ti*ma"tes   (?),   n.  pl.  [L.  See  Optimate.]  The  nobility  or
   aristocracy of ancient Rome, as opposed to the populares.


   Op"ti*me  (?),  n.  [L.,  adv. fr. optimus the best.] One of those who
   stand  in  the second rank of honors, immediately after the wranglers,
   in  the University of Cambridge, England. They are divided into senior
   and junior optimes.


   Op"ti*mism  (?), n. [L. optimus the best; akin to optio choice: cf. F.
   optimisme. See Option.]

   1.  (Metaph.) The opinion or doctrine that everything in nature, being
   the  work  of  God,  is  ordered for the best, or that the ordering of
   things in the universe is such as to produce the highest good.

   2.  A  disposition  to  take  the  most  hopeful  view;  -- opposed to


   Op"ti*mist (?), n. [Cf. F. optimiste.]

   1. (Metaph.) One who holds the opinion that all events are ordered for
   the best.

   2. One who looks on the bright side of things, or takes hopeful views;
   -- opposed to pessimist.


   Op`ti*mist"tic (?), a.

   1.  (Metaph.) Of or pertaining to optimism; tending, or conforming, to
   the opinion that all events are ordered for the best.

   2. Hopeful; sanguine; as, an optimistic view.


   Op*tim"i*ty (?), n. [L. optimitas, fr. optimus the best.] The state of
   being best. [R.] Bailey.


   Op"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  optio; akin to optare to choose, wish, optimus
   best, and perh. to E. apt: cf. F. option.]

   1.  The  power  of  choosing;  the  right  of  choice  or election; an

     There  is  an  option left to the United States of America, whether
     they  will  be  respectable  and  prosperous,  or  contemptible and
     miserable, as a nation. Washington.

   2. The exercise of the power of choice; choice.

     Transplantation must proceed from the option of the people, else it
     sounds like an exile. Bacon.

   3. A wishing; a wish. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

   4. (Ch. of Eng.) A right formerly belonging to an archbishop to select
   any  one  dignity  or  benefice  in  the  gift  of  a suffragan bishop
   consecrated  or  confirmed  by  him, for bestowal by himself when next
   vacant; -- annulled by Parliament in 1845.

   5. (Stock Exchange) A stipulated privilege, given to a party in a time
   contract,  of  demanding its fulfillment on any day within a specified
   Buyer's  option,  an option allowed to one who contracts to buy stocks
   at  a  certain  future  date  and  at  a  certain price, to demand the
   delivery  of  the stock (giving one day's notice) at any previous time
   at  the market price. -- Seller's option, an option allowed to one who
   contracts  to  deliver  stock  art a certain price on a certain future
   date,  to deliver it (giving one day's notice) at any previous time at
   the   market   price.   Such   options  are  privileges  for  which  a
   consideration  is  paid.  --  Local  option.  See under Local. Syn. --
   Choice;  preference; selection. -- Option, Choice. Choice is an act of
   choosing;  option  often  means liberty to choose, and implies freedom
   from constraint in the act of choosing.


   Op"tion*al  (?),  a. Involving an option; depending on the exercise of
   an  option;  left  to  one's discretion or choice; not compulsory; as,
   optional  studies;  it  is  optional with you to go or stay. -- n. See
   Elective, n.

     If  to  the  former  the movement was not optional, it was the same
     that the latter chose when it was optional. Palfrey.

     Original writs are either optional or peremptory. Blackstone.


   Op"tion*al*ly, adv. In an optional manner.

                           Optoc\'d2le, Optoc\'d2lia

   Op"to*c\'d2le  (?),  Op`to*c\'d2"li*a (?), n. [NL. optocoelia, fr. Gr.
   (Anat.)  The  cavity  of  one  of the optic lobes of the brain in many
   animals. B. G. Wilder.


   Op"to*gram  (?),  n. [Optic + -gram: cf. F. optogramme.] (Physiol.) An
   image  of  external  objects  fixed on the retina by the photochemical
   action of light on the visual purple. See Optography.


   Op*tog"ra*phy  (?), n. [Optic + -graphy.] (Physiol.) The production of
   an  optogram on the retina by the photochemical action of light on the
   visual  purple;  the  fixation  of  an image in the eye. The object so
   photographed  shows  white  on  a purple or red background. See Visual
   purple, under Visual.


   Op*tom"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Optic + -meter.] (Physiol.) An instrument for
   measuring the distance of distinct vision, mainly for the selection of


   Op"u*lence  (?),  n.  [L.  opulentia:  cf.  F. opulence. See Opulent.]
   Wealth; riches; affluence. Swift


   Op"u*len*cy (?), n. See Opulence. Shak.


   Op"u*lent  (?),  a.  [L.  opulens,  opulentus,  fr.  ops, opis, power,
   wealth,  riches,  perh.  akin  to E. apt: cf. F. opulent. Cf. Copious,
   Couple,  Office.]  Having  a  large estate or property; wealthy; rich;
   affluent;  as,  an  opulent city; an opulent citizen. -- Op"u*lent*ly,

     I will piece Her opulent throne with kingdoms. Shak.


   O*pun"ti*a  (?),  n.  [NL.]  (Bot.)  A genus of cactaceous plants; the
   prickly pear, or Indian fig.


   O"pus  (?), n.; pl. Opera (#). [L. See Opera.] A work; specif. (Mus.),
   a musical composition.

     NOTE: &hand; Ea ch co mposition, or  set of pieces, as the composer
     may  choose,  is called an opus, and they are numbered in the order
     of their issue. (Often abbrev. to op.)

   Page 1008

   Opus incertum. [L.] (Arch.) See under Incertum.

                               Opuscle, Opuscule

   O*pus"cle  (?),  O*pus"cule  (?), n. [L. opusculum, dim. of opus work:
   cf. F. opuscule.] A small or petty work.


   O*pus"cu*lum (?), n.; pl. Opuscula (#). [L.] An opuscule. Smart.


   O"pye (?), n. Opium. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   O*quas"sa  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small,  handsome trout (Salvelinus
   oquassa), found in some of the lakes in Maine; -- called also blueback


   -or. [L. -or: cf. OF. -or, -ur, -our, F. -eur.]

   1.  A  noun  suffix  denoting an act; a state or quality; as in error,
   fervor, pallor, candor, etc.

   2.  A  noun  suffix  denoting an agent or doer; as in auditor, one who
   hears;  donor,  one who gives; obligor, elevator. It is correlative to
   -ee. In general -or is appended to words of Latin, and -er to those of
   English, origin. See -er.


   Or  (?),  conj. [OE. or, outher, other, auther, either, or, AS. \'bew,
   contr.  from  \'behw\'91;  \'be  aye  +  hw\'91  whether. See Aye, and
   Whether,  and  cf.  Either.] A particle that marks an alternative; as,
   you may read or may write, -- that is, you may do one of the things at
   your  pleasure,  but  not both. It corresponds to either. You may ride
   either to London or to Windsor. It often connects a series of words or
   propositions,  presenting a choice of either; as, he may study law, or
   medicine, or divinity, or he may enter into trade.

     If  man's  convenience, health, Or safety interfere, his rights and
     claims Are paramount. Cowper.

     NOTE: &hand; Or   ma y be  us ed to  jo in as  al ternatives te rms
     expressing  unlike  things  or  ideas  (as,  is  the orange sour or
     sweet?),  or different terms expressing the same thing or idea; as,
     this is a sphere, or globe.

     NOTE: &hand; Or  so metimes be gins a  se ntence. In  th is case it
     expresses  an  alternative  or subjoins a clause differing from the
     foregoing.  "Or what man is there of you, who, if his son shall ask
     him  for a loaf, will give him a stone?" Matt. vii. 9 (Rev. Ver. ).
     Or for either is archaic or poetic.

     Maugre  thine  heed,  thou  must for indigence Or steal, or beg, or
     borrow thy dispence. Chaucer.


   Or,  prep.  & adv. [AS. ere, before. &root;204. See Ere, prep. & adv.]
   Ere; before; sooner than. [Obs.]

     But  natheless,  while  I have time and space, Or that I forther in
     this tale pace. Chaucer.

   Or ever, Or ere. See under Ever, and Ere.


   Or,  n.  [F.,  fr.  L. aurum gold. Cf. Aureate.] (Her.) Yellow or gold
   color, -- represented in drawing or engraving by small dots.


   O"ra  (?),  n.  [AS.  See  2d  Ore.]  A  money  of  account  among the
   Anglo-Saxons, valued, in the Domesday Book, at twenty pence sterling.


   O`ra*bas"su  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) A South American monkey of the genus
   Callithrix, esp. C. Moloch.

                                 Orach, Orache

   Or"ach,  Or"ache  (?),  n. [F. arroche, corrupted fr. L. atriplex, Gr.
   Arrach.]  (Bot.)  A  genus  (Atriplex)  of  herbs or low shrubs of the
   Goosefoot  family, most of them with a mealy surface. Garden orache, a
   plant  (Atriplex  hortensis), often used as a pot herb; -- also called
   mountain spinach.


   Or"a*cle  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  L. oraculum, fr. orare to speak, utter,
   pray, fr. os, oris, mouth. See Oral.]

   1.  The  answer  of  a  god, or some person reputed to be a god, to an
   inquiry  respecting  some affair or future event, as the success of an
   enterprise or battle.

     Whatso'er she saith, for oracles must stand. Drayton.

   2.  Hence:  The  deity  who was supposed to give the answer; also, the
   place where it was given.

     The  oracles  are  dumb;  No  voice or hideous hum Runs through the
     arched roof in words deceiving. Milton.

   3.  The  communications,  revelations, or messages delivered by God to
   the  prophets;  also,  the  entire sacred Scriptures -- usually in the

     The first principles of the oracles of God. Heb. v. 12.

   4.  (Jewish  Antiq.)  The sanctuary, or Most Holy place in the temple;
   also, the temple itself. 1 Kings vi. 19.

     Siloa's brook, that flow'd Fast by the oracle of God. Milton.

   5. One who communicates a divine command; an angel; a prophet.

     God  hath  now  sent  his living oracle Into the world to teach his
     final will. Milton.

   6.  Any  person  reputed  uncommonly  wise;  one  whose  decisions are
   regarded  as  of  great  authority; as, a literary oracle. "Oracles of
   mode." Tennyson.

     The  country  rectors  .  .  .  thought  him an oracle on points of
     learning. Macaulay.

   7. A wise sentence or decision of great authority.


   Or"a*cle,  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Oracled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Oracling
   (?).] To utter oracles. [Obs.]


   O*rac"u*lar (?), a. [L. oracularius. See Oracle.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining to an oracle; uttering oracles; forecasting the
   future; as, an oracular tongue.

   2.  Resembling  an  oracle  in  some  way,  as  in  solemnity, wisdom,
   authority, obscurity, ambiguity, dogmatism.

     They  have  something  venerable  and  oracular  in  that unadorned
     gravity and shortness in the expression. Pope.

   -- O*rac"u*lar*ly, adv. -- O*rac"u*lar*ness, n.


   O*rac"u*lous  (?),  a.  Oracular;  of  the  nature  of an oracle. [R.]
   "Equivocations,  or  oraculous speeches." Bacon. "The oraculous seer."
   Pope. -- O*rac"u*lous*ly, adv. -- O*rac"u*lous*ness, n.


   O*ra"gious (?), a. [F. orageux.] Stormy. [R.]


   Or"ai*son (?), n. See Orison. [Obs.] Shak.


   O"ral  (?), a. [L. os, oris, the mouth, akin to Skr. \'bes. Cf. Adore,
   Orison, Usher.]

   1. Uttered by the mouth, or in words; spoken, not written; verbal; as,
   oral traditions; oral testimony; oral law.

   2. Of or pertaining to the mouth; surrounding or lining the mouth; as,
   oral cilia or cirri.


   O"ral*ly, adv.

   1. In an oral manner. Tillotson.

   2.  By,  with,  or in, the mouth; as, to receive the sacrament orally.
   [Obs.] Usher.


   O*rang" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Orang-outang.


   Or"ange  (?),  n.  [F.;  cf.  It.  arancia,  arancio, LL. arangia, Sp.
   naranjia,   Pg.  laranja;  all  fr.  Ar.  n\'beranj,  Per.  n\'beranj,
   n\'berang; cf. Skr. n\'beranga orange tree. The o- in F. orange is due
   to confusion with or gold, L. aurum, because the orange resembles gold
   in color.]

   1.  The  fruit  of  a  tree  of the genus Citrus (C. Aurantium). It is
   usually  round, and consists of pulpy carpels, commonly ten in number,
   inclosed in a leathery rind, which is easily separable, and is reddish
   yellow when ripe.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ere ar e nu merous va rieties of  or anges; as, the
     bitter  orange,  which  is  supposed  to be the original stock; the
     navel orange, which has the rudiment of a second orange imbedded in
     the  top  of the fruit; the blood orange, with a reddish juice; and
     the horned orange, in which the carpels are partly separated.

   2. (Bot.) The tree that bears oranges; the orange tree.

   3. The color of an orange; reddish yellow.
   Mandarin  orange.  See Mandarin. -- Mock orange (Bot.), any species of
   shrubs  of  the  genus  Philadelphus,  which  have  whitish  and often
   fragrant  blossoms.  --  Native  orange,  OR  Orange  thorn (Bot.), an
   Australian  shrub  (Citriobatus  parviflorus); also, its edible yellow
   berries.  --  Orange  bird  (Zo\'94l.),  a tanager of Jamaica (Tanagra
   zena);  --  so  called  from its bright orange breast. -- Orange cowry
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  large,  handsome  cowry  (Cypr\'91a  aurantia), highly
   valued  by  collectors  of  shells on account of its rarity. -- Orange
   grass  (Bot.),  an  inconspicuous  annual  American  plant  (Hypericum
   Sarothra),  having minute, deep yellow flowers. -- Orange oil (Chem.),
   an oily, terpenelike substance obtained from orange rind, and distinct
   from  neroli oil, which is obtained from the flowers. -- Orange pekoe,
   a  kind  of  black tea. -- Orange pippin, an orange-colored apple with
   acid  flavor.  --  Quito  orange,  the  orangelike  fruit of a shrubby
   species  of nightshade (Solanum Quitoense), native in Quito. -- Orange
   scale  (Zo\'94l.)  any  species  of scale insects which infests orange
   trees;  especially,  the purple scale (Mytilaspis citricola), the long
   scale (M. Gloveri), and the red scale (Aspidiotus Aurantii).


   Or"ange,  a. Of or pertaining to an orange; of the color of an orange;
   reddish yellow; as, an orange ribbon.


   Or`ange*ade"  (?),  n.  [F., fr. orange.] A drink made of orange juice
   and water, corresponding to lemonade; orange sherbet.


   Or`an*geat"  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  orange.]  Candied orange peel; also,


   Or"ange*ism  (?),  n.  Attachment  to the principles of the society of
   Orangemen; the tenets or practices of the Orangemen.


   Or"ange*man (?), n.; pl. -men (. One of a secret society, organized in
   the  north  of Ireland in 1795, the professed objects of which are the
   defense  of the regning sovereign of Great Britain, the support of the
   Protestant religion, the maintenance of the laws of the kingdom, etc.;
   -- so called in honor of William, Prince of Orange, who became William
   III. of England.


   Or"ange*root`   (?),   n.  (Bot.)  An  American  ranunculaceous  plant
   (Hidrastis  Canadensis), having a yellow tuberous root; -- also called
   yellowroot, golden seal, etc.


   Or"an*ger*y  (?),  n.  [F. orangerie, fr. orange. See Orange.] A place
   for raising oranges; a plantation of orange trees.


   Or"ange*taw`ny (?), a. & n. Deep orange-yellow; dark yellow. Shak.


   Or"an*gite  (?),  (Min.)  An  orange-yellow  variety  of  the  mineral
   thorite, found in Norway.


   O*rang"-ou*tang`  (?),  n. [Malayan , i. e., man of the woods; man + a
   forest,  wood,  wild,  savage.]  (Zo\'94l.) An arboreal anthropoid ape
   (Simia  satyrus),  which  inhabits  Borneo  and  Sumatra. Often called
   simply orang. [Written also orang-outan, orang-utan, ourang-utang, and

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  ov er four feet high, when full grown, and has
     very  long arms, which reach nearly or quite to the ground when the
     body is erect. Its color is reddish brown. In structure, it closely
     resembles man in many respects.


   O*ra"ri*an  (?), a. [L. orarius, fr. ora coast.] Of or pertaining to a


   O*ra"tion  (?),  n.[L.  oratio,  fr.  orare to speak, utter, pray. See
   Oral,  Orison.]  An elaborate discourse, delivered in public, treating
   an  important  subject in a formal and dignified manner; especially, a
   discourse  having reference to some special occasion, as a funeral, an
   anniversary,  a  celebration,  or  the  like; -- distinguished from an
   argument  in court, a popular harangue, a sermon, a lecture, etc.; as,
   Webster's oration at Bunker Hill.

     The lord archbishop . . . made a long oration. Bacon.

   Syn. -- Address; speech. See Harangue.


   O*ra"tion, v. i. To deliver an oration. Donne.


   Or"a*tor (?), n. [L., fr. orare to speak, utter. See Oration.]

   1.  A  public  speaker;  one  who delivers an oration; especially, one
   distinguished  for his skill and power as a public speaker; one who is

     I am no orator, as Brutus is. Shak.

     Some orator renowned In Athens or free Rome. Milton.

   2.  (Law)  (a)  In  equity  proceedings,  one  who prays for relief; a
   petitioner.  (b)  A  plaintiff, or complainant, in a bill in chancery.

   3.  (Eng.  Universities) An officer who is the voice of the university
   upon  all public occasions, who writes, reads, and records all letters
   of  a  public  nature,  presents,  with  an appropriate address, those
   persons  on  whom  honorary  degrees are to be conferred, and performs
   other like duties; -- called also public orator.


   Or`a*to"ri*al (?), a. Oratorical. [R.] Swift. --Or`a*to"ri*al*ly, adv.


   Or`a*to"ri*an (?), a. Oratorical. [Obs.] R. North.


   Or`a*to"ri*an,  n.  [Cf. F. oratorien.] (R. C. Ch.) See Fathers of the
   Oratory, under Oratory.


   Or`a*tor"ic*al  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to an orator or to oratory;
   characterized  by  oratory;  rhetorical; becoming to an orator; as, an
   oratorical triumph; an oratorical essay. -- Or`a*tor"ic*al*ly, adv.


   Or`a*to"ri*o  (?), n. [It., fr. L. oratorius belonging to praying. See
   Orator, and cf. Oratory.]

   1.  (Mus.)  A  more  or  less  dramatic  text or poem, founded on some
   Scripture  nerrative, or great divine event, elaborately set to music,
   in  recitative,  arias,  grand  choruses,  etc.,  to  be  sung with an
   orchestral  accompaniment,  but  without  action, scenery, or costume,
   although  the  oratorio  grew out of the Mysteries and the Miracle and
   Passion plays, which were acted.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ere ar e in stances of  se cular an d my thological
     subjects treated in the form of the oratorios, and called oratorios
     by their composers; as Haydn's "Seasons," Handel's "Semele," etc.

   2. Performance or rendering of such a composition.


   Or`a*to"ri*ous  (?),  a.  [LL.  oratorius.]  Oratorical.  [Obs.]  Jer.
   Taylor. -- Or`a*to"ri*ous*ly, adv. [Obs.]


   Or"a*tor*ize  (?),  v.  i.  To  play  the orator. [Jocose or derisive]


   Or"a*to*ry   (?),  n.;  pl.  Oratories  (#).  [OE.  oratorie,  fr.  L.
   oratorium,  fr.  oratorius  of praying, of an orator: cf. F. oratoire.
   See  Orator,  Oral,  and cf. Oratorio.] A place of orisons, or prayer;
   especially, a chapel or small room set apart for private devotions.

     An oratory [temple] . . . in worship of Dian. Chaucer.

     Do  not  omit  thy  prayers for want of a good oratory, or place to
     pray in. Jer. Taylor.

   Fathers  of  the  Oratory (R. C. Ch.), a society of priests founded by
   St.  Philip Neri, living in community, and not bound by a special vow.
   The members are called also oratorians.


   Or"a*to*ry,  n. [L. oratoria (sc. ars) the oratorical art.] The art of
   an  orator;  the  art  of  public speaking in an eloquent or effective
   manner; the exercise of rhetorical skill in oral discourse; eloquence.
   "The oratory of Greece and Rome." Milton.

     When a world of men Could not prevail with all their oratory. Shak.


   Or"a*tress (?), n. A woman who makes public addresses. Warner.


   Or"a*trix  (?),  n.  [L.] A woman plaintiff, or complainant, in equity
   pleading. Burrill.


   Orb  (?),  n. [OF. orb blind, fr. L. orbus destitute.] (Arch.) A blank
   window or panel. [Obs.] Oxf. Gloss.


   Orb, n. [F. orbe, fr. L. orbis circle, orb. Cf. Orbit.]

   1.  A  spherical  body;  a  globe;  especially,  one  of the celestial
   spheres; a sun, planet, or star.

     In the small orb of one particular tear. Shak.

     Whether  the  prime  orb, Incredible how swift, had thither rolled.

   2.  One  of the azure transparent spheres conceived by the ancients to
   be  inclosed  one  within another, and to carry the heavenly bodies in
   their revolutions.

   3.  A  circle;  esp., a circle, or nearly circular orbit, described by
   the revolution of a heavenly body; an orbit.

     The  schoolmen  were  like astronomers, which did feign eccentrics,
     and epicycles, and such engines of orbs. Bacon.

     You seem to me as Dian in her orb. Shak.

     In  orbs  Of  circuit  inexpressible  they  stood,  Orb within orb.

   4.  A  period of time marked off by the revolution of a heavenly body.
   [R.] Milton.

   5. The eye, as luminous and spherical. [Poetic]

     A drop serene hath quenched their orbs. Milton.

   6. A revolving circular body; a wheel. [Poetic]

     The orbs Of his fierce chariot rolled. Milton.

   7. A sphere of action. [R.] Wordsworth.

     But in our orbs we'll live so round and safe. Shak

   8. Same as Mound, a ball or globe. See lst Mound.

   Page 1009

   9.  (Mil.)  A  body  of soldiers drawn up in a circle, as for defense,
   esp.  infantry  to  repel  cavalry.  Syn.  -- Globe; ball; sphere. See


   Orb (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Orbed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Orbing.]

   1. To form into an orb or circle. [Poetic] Milton. Lowell.

   2. To encircle; to surround; to inclose. [Poetic]

     The wheels were orbed with gold. Addison.


   Orb, v. i. To become round like an orb. [Poetic]

     And orb into the perfect star. Tennyson.


   Or"bate  (?),  a.  [L.  orbatus, p. p. of orbare to bereave, fr. orbus
   bereaved  of  parents  or children. See Orphan.] Bereaved; fatherless;
   childless. [Obs.]


   Or*ba"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  orbatio.]  The  state  of  being orbate, or
   deprived  of  parents or children; privation, in general; bereavement.
   [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Orbed (?), a. Having the form of an orb; round.

     The orb\'8ad eyelids are let down. Trench.

                                Orbic, Orbical

   Or"bic (?), Or"bic*al (?), a. [L. orbicus, or orbitus, fr. orbis orb.]
   Spherical; orbicular; orblike; circular. [R.] Bacon.


   Or"bi*cle  (?),  n. [L. orbiculus, dim. of orbis orb.] A small orb, or
   sphere. [Obs.] G. Fletcher.


   Or*bic"u*la (?), n. [NL. See Orbicle.] (Zo\'94l.) Same as Discina.


   Or*bic"u*lar  (?),  a.  [L.  orbicularis, fr. orbiculus, dim. of orbis
   orb:  cf.  F.  orbiculaire.]  Resembling or having the form of an orb;
   spherical;   circular;   orbiculate.   --   Or*bic"u*lar*ly,  adv.  --
   Or*bic"u*lar*ness, n.

     Orbicular as the disk of a planet. De Quincey.


   Or*bic"u*late  (?),  n.  That which is orbiculate; especially, a solid
   the  vertical  section  of  which  is oval, and the horizontal section

                            Orbiculate, Orbiculated

   Or*bic"u*late  (?),  Or*bic"u*la`ted  (?),  a.  [L.  orbiculatus.  See
   Orbicular.]  Made, or being, in the form of an orb; having a circular,
   or  nearly circular, or a spheroidal, outline. Orbiculate leaf (Bot.),
   a leaf whose outline is nearly circular.


   Or*bic`u*la"tion  (?),  n.  The  state or quality of being orbiculate;
   orbicularness. Dr. H. More.


   Or"bit  (?),  n.  [L.  orbita  a track or rut made by a wheel, course,
   circuit, fr. orbis a circle: cf. F. orbite. See 2d Orb.]

   1.  (Astron.)  The path described by a heavenly body in its periodical
   revolution  around  another  body;  as,  the  orbit of Jupiter, of the
   earth, of the moon.

   2. An orb or ball. [Rare & Improper]

     Roll the lucid orbit of an eye. Young.

   3.  (Anat.) The cavity or socket of the skull in which the eye and its
   appendages are situated.

   4. (Zo\'94l.) The skin which surrounds the eye of a bird.


   Or"bit*al  (?), a. Of or pertaining to an orbit. "Orbital revolution."
   J.  D.  Forbes.  Orbital index (Anat.), in the skull, the ratio of the
   vertical  height  to the transverse width of the orbit, which is taken
   as the standard, equal to 100.


   Or"bit*ar (?), a. [Cf. F. orbitaire.] Orbital. [R.] Dunglison.


   Or"bit*a*ry  (?),  a.  Situated  around  the  orbit;  as, the orbitary
   feathers of a bird.


   Or`bi*te"l\'91  (?),  n.  pl. [NL., fr. L. orbis an orb + tela a web.]
   (Zo\'94l.)   A   division   of  spiders,  including  those  that  make
   geometrical webs, as the garden spider, or Epeira.


   Or`bi*to*li"tes (?), n. [NL. See Orbit, and -lite.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus
   of   living   Foraminifera,   forming  broad,  thin,  circular  disks,
   containing numerous small chambers.


   Or`bi*to*na"sal  (?),  a. [Orbit + nasal.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to
   the orbit and the nose; as, the orbitonasal, or ophthalmic, nerve.


   Or`bi*to*sphe"noid   (?),   a.  [Orbit  +  sphenoid.]  (Anat.)  Of  or
   pertaining   to   the   sphenoid   bone  and  the  orbit,  or  to  the
   orbitosphenoid  bone. -- n. The orbitosphenoid bone, which is situated
   in  the  orbit on either side of the presphenoid. It generally forms a
   part of the sphenoid in the adult.


   Or`bi*to*sphe*noid"al   (?),  a.  (Anat.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the
   orbitosphenoid bone; orbitosphenoid.


   Or*bit"u*a*ry (?), a. Orbital. [R.]

                               Orbitude, Orbity

   Or"bi*tude (?), Or"bi*ty (?), n. [L. orbitudo, orbitas, fr. orbus: cf.
   F. orbit\'82. See Orbate.] Orbation. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Or`bu*li"na (?), n. [NL., dim. of L. orbis orb.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of
   minute living Foraminifera having a globular shell.


   Orb"y  (?),  a.  [From  2d Orb.] Orblike; having the course of an orb;
   revolving. [Obs.] "Orby hours." Chapman.


   Orc  (?), n. [L. orca: cf. F. orque.] (Zo\'94l.) The grampus. [Written
   also ork and orch.] Milton.


   Or*ca"di*an  (?), a. [L. Orcades the Orkney Islands.] Of or pertaining
   to the Orkney Islands.


   Or"ce*in (?), n. (Chem.) A reddish brown amorphous dyestuff,


   Or"chal (?), n. See Archil.


   Or"cha*net  (?),  n.  [F.  orcan\'8ate.]  (Bot.)  Same  as Alkanet, 2.


   Or"chard  (?),  n.  [AS. ortgeard, wyrtgeard, lit., wortyard, i. e., a
   yard for herbs; wyrt herb + geard yard. See Wort, Yard inclosure.]

   1. A garden. [Obs.]

   2.  An  inclosure  containing  fruit  trees;  also,  the  fruit trees,
   collectively;  -- used especially of apples, peaches, pears, cherries,
   plums,  or  the like, less frequently of nutbearing trees and of sugar
   maple trees.
   Orchard  grass  (Bot.),  a  tall  coarse  grass  (Dactylis glomerata),
   introduced  into  the  United  States from Europe. It grows usually in
   shady  places,  and  is  of value for forage and hay. -- Orchard house
   (Hort.),  a  glazed structure in which fruit trees are reared in pots.
   --  Orchard  oriole (Zool.), a bright-colored American oriole (Icterus
   spurius),  which frequents orchards. It is smaller and darker thah the
   Baltimore oriole.


   Or"chard*ing (?), n.

   1. The cultivation of orchards.

   2. Orchards, in general.


   Or"chard*ist, n. One who cultivates an orchard.


   Or"chel (?), n. Archil.


   Or`che*sog"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. -graphy.] A treatise upon dancing. [R.]


   Or"ches*ter (?), n. See Orchestra.


   Or*ches"tian  (?),  n. [From Gr. Orchestra.] (Zo\'94l.) Any species of
   amphipod  crustacean  of the genus Orchestia, or family Orchestid\'91.
   See Beach flea, under Beach.


   Or"ches*tra (?), n. [L. orchestra, Gr. orchestre.]

   1.  The  space  in  a  theater  between the stage and the audience; --
   originally   appropriated   by  the  Greeks  to  the  chorus  and  its
   evolutions,  afterward by the Romans to persons of distinction, and by
   the moderns to a band of instrumental musicians.

   2. The place in any public hall appropriated to a band of instrumental

   3.  (Mus.) (a) Loosely: A band of instrumental musicians performing in
   a  theater,  concert  hall,  or  other  place of public amusement. (b)
   Strictly:   A   band  suitable  for  the  performance  of  symphonies,
   overtures,   etc.,  as  well  as  for  the  accompaniment  of  operas,
   oratorios,   cantatas,   masses,   and  the  like,  or  of  vocal  and
   instrumental  solos.  (c)  A  band  composed, for the largest part, of
   players  of  the various viol instruments, many of each kind, together
   with  a proper complement of wind instruments of wood and brass; -- as
   distinguished  from  a  military  or  street  band  of players on wind
   instruments,  and from an assemblage of solo players for the rendering
   of concerted pieces, such as septets, octets, and the like.

   4.  (Mus.)  The instruments employed by a full band, collectively; as,
   an  orchestra of forty stringed instruments, with proper complement of
   wind instruments.


   Or"ches*tral  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to an orchestra; suitable for,
   or performed in or by, an orchestra.


   Or`ches*tra"tion  (?),  n.  (Mus.)  The  arrangement  of  music for an
   orchestra;  orchestral  treatment  of  a  composition;  -- called also


   Or"ches*tre (?), n. [F.] See Orchestra.


   Or*ches"tric (?), a. Orchestral.


   Or*ches"tri*on  (?),  n.  A  large  music  box  imitating a variety of
   orchestral instruments.


   Or"chid   (?),  n.  [See  Orchis.]  (Bot.)  Any  plant  of  the  order
   Orchidace\'91. See Orchidaceous.


   Or`chi*da"ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a natural
   order  (Orchidace\'91)  of endogenous plants of which the genus Orchis
   is  the  type.  They are mostly perennial herbs having the stamens and
   pistils united in a single column, and normally three petals and three
   sepals,  all  adherent to the ovary. The flowers are curiously shaped,
   often  resembling  insects,  the  odd  or lower petal (called the lip)
   being  unlike  the  others,  and sometimes of a strange and unexpected
   appearance.  About one hundred species occur in the United States, but
   several thousand in the tropics.

     NOTE: &hand; Over three hundred genera are recognized.


   Or*chid"e*an (?), a. (Bot.) Orchidaceous.


   Or*chid"e*ous (?), a. (Bot.) Same as Orchidaceous.


   Or`chid*ol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in orchidology.


   Or`chid*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. -logy.] The branch of botany which treats
   of orchids.


   Or"chil (?), n. See Archil.

                                 Orchilla weed

   Or*chil"la weed` (?). (Bot.) The lichen from which archil is obtained.
   See Archil.


   Or"chis (?), n.; pl. Orchises (#). [L., fr. Gr.

   1.  (Bot.) A genus of endogenous plants growing in the North Temperate
   zone, and consisting of about eighty species. They are perennial herbs
   growing  from  a  tuber (beside which is usually found the last year's
   tuber also), and are valued for their showy flowers. See Orchidaceous.

   2. (Bot.) Any plant of the same family with the orchis; an orchid.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e co mmon na mes, su ch as  bee orchis, fly orchis,
     butterfly orchis, etc., allude to the peculiar form of the flower.


   Or*chi"tis  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the


   Or*chot"o*my  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Surg.)  The operation of cutting out or
   removing a testicle by the knife; castration.


   Or"cin  (?),  n.  [Etymology  uncertain:  cf.  F.  orcine.]  (Chem.) A
   colorless  crystalline  substance,  C6H3.CH3.(OH)2,  which is obtained
   from  certain lichens (Roccella, Lecanora, etc.), also from extract of
   aloes,  and  artificially  from  certain  derivatives  of  toluene. It
   changes readily into orcein.


   Ord  (?),  n.  [AS. ord point.] An edge or point; also, a beginning. [
   Obs.  or  Prov. Eng.] Chaucer. Ord and end, the beginning and end. Cf.
   Odds and ends, under Odds. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Chaucer. Halliwell.


   Or*dain"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Ordained (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ordaining.]  [OE. ordeinen, OF. ordener, F. ordonner, fr. L. ordinare,
   from ordo, ordinis, order. See Order, and cf. Ordinance.]

   1. To set in order; to arrange according to rule; to regulate; to set;
   to establish. "Battle well ordained." Spenser.

     The stake that shall be ordained on either side. Chaucer.

   2.  To  regulate,  or  establish,  by  appointment, decree, or law; to
   constitute; to decree; to appoint; to institute.

     Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month. 1 Kings xii. 32.

     And doth the power that man adores ordain Their doom ? Byron.

   3. To set apart for an office; to appoint.

     Being ordained his special governor. Shak.

   4.  (Eccl.)  To  invest  with  ministerial or sacerdotal functions; to
   introduce  into the office of the Christian ministry, by the laying on
   of hands, or other forms; to set apart by the ceremony of ordination.

     Meletius was ordained by Arian bishops. Bp. Stillingfleet.


   Or*dain"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being ordained; worthy to be ordained
   or appointed. Bp. Hall.


   Or*dain"er (?), n. One who ordains.


   Or*dain"ment (?), n. Ordination. [R.] Burke.


   Or"dal (?), n. Ordeal. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Or*da"li*an  (?),  a. [LL. orda.] Of or pertaining to trial by ordeal.
   [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Or"de*al  (?),  n. [AS. ord\'bel, ord, a judgment; akin to D. oordeel,
   G.  urteil,  urtheil;  orig.,  what is dealt out, the prefix or- being
   akin  to  \'be-  compounded  with verbs, G. er-, ur-, Goth. us-, orig.
   meaning, out. See Deal, v. & n., and cf. Arise, Ort.]

   1.  An  ancient  form  of  test  to  determine  guilt or innocence, by
   appealing  to  a  supernatural decision, -- once common in Europe, and
   still practiced in the East and by savage tribes.

     NOTE: &hand; In  En gland or deal by  fire and ordeal by water were
     used,  the  former  confined  to persons of rank, the latter to the
     common people. The ordeal by fire was performed, either by handling
     red-hot  iron,  or  by  walking barefoot and blindfold over red-hot
     plowshares,  laid  at  unequal  distances.  If  the  person escaped
     unhurt,  he  was  adjudged  innocent; otherwise he was condemned as
     guilty.  The  ordeal by water was performed, either by plunging the
     bare arm to the elbow in boiling water, an escape from injury being
     taken  as  proof  of  innocence,  or by casting the accused person,
     bound  hand  and  foot, into a river or pond, when if he floated it
     was  an  evidence  of guilt, but if he sunk he was acquitted. It is
     probable  that the proverbial phrase, to go through fire and water,
     denoting  severe  trial  or danger, is derived from the ordeal. See
     Wager of battle, under Wager.

   2. Any severe trial, or test; a painful experience.
   Ordeal  bean.  (Bot.)  See Calabar bean, under Calabar. -- Ordeal root
   (Bot.)  the  root  of  a  species of Strychnos growing in West Africa,
   used,  like  the ordeal bean, in trials for witchcraft. -- Ordeal tree
   (Bot.),  a  poisonous  tree  of  Madagascar  (Tanghinia,  OR  Cerbera,
   venenata).  Persons  suspected of crime are forced to eat the seeds of
   the  plumlike  fruit,  and criminals are put to death by being pricked
   with a lance dipped in the juice of the seeds.


   Or"de*al, a. Of or pertaining to trial by ordeal.


   Or"der (?), n. [OE. ordre, F. ordre, fr. L. ordo, ordinis. Cf. Ordain,

   1.  Regular  arrangement;  any methodical or established succession or
   harmonious  relation; method; system; as: (a) Of material things, like
   the books in a library. (b) Of intellectual notions or ideas, like the
   topics  of a discource. (c) Of periods of time or occurrences, and the

     The side chambers were . . . thirty in order. Ezek. xli. 6.

     Bright-harnessed angels sit in order serviceable. Milton.

     Good order is the foundation of all good things. Burke.

   2.  Right  arrangement;  a  normal, correct, or fit condition; as, the
   house is in order; the machinery is out of order. Locke.

   3.  The  customary  mode  of  procedure; established system, as in the
   conduct  of  debates  or  the  transaction of business; usage; custom;
   fashion. Dantiel.

     And,  pregnant with his grander thought, Brought the old order into
     doubt. Emerson.

   4.  Conformity  with law or decorum; freedom from disturbance; general
   tranquillity; public quiet; as, to preserve order in a community or an

   5.  That  which prescribes a method of procedure; a rule or regulation
   made by competent authority; as, the rules and orders of the senate.

     The  church  hath  authority  to establish that for an order at one
     time which at another time it may abolish. Hooker.

   6. A command; a mandate; a precept; a direction.

     Upon  this  new  fright,  an  order  was  made  by  both houses for
     disarming all the papists in England. Clarendon.

   7.  Hence:  A  commission  to  purchase,  sell,  or  supply  goods;  a
   direction,  in writing, to pay money, to furnish supplies, to admit to
   a  building,  a  place  of  entertainment, or the like; as, orders for
   blankets are large.

     In  those days were pit orders -- beshrew the uncomfortable manager
     who abolished them. Lamb.

   8.  A  number  of  things  or  persons arranged in a fixed or suitable
   place,  or  relative  position;  a rank; a row; a grade; especially, a
   rank  or  class  in  society;  a  group or division of men in the same
   social  or  other position; also, a distinct character, kind, or sort;
   as, the higher or lower orders of society; talent of a high order.

     They are in equal order to their several ends. Jer. Taylor.

     Various orders various ensigns bear. Granville.

     Which,  to  his  order  of  mind,  must have seemed little short of
     crime. Hawthorne.

   Page 1010

   9.  A  body of persons having some common honorary distinction or rule
   of  obligation;  esp.,  a  body  of  religious persons or aggregate of
   convents  living  under  a common rule; as, the Order of the Bath; the
   Franciscan order.

     Find  a  barefoot  brother  out, One of our order, to associate me.

     The venerable order of the Knights Templars. Sir W. Scott.

   10.  An ecclesiastical grade or rank, as of deacon, priest, or bishop;
   the office of the Christian ministry; -- often used in the plural; as,
   to  take  orders, or to take holy orders, that is, to enter some grade
   of the ministry.

   11.  (Arch.)  The disposition of a column and its component parts, and
   of  the  entablature resting upon it, in classical architecture; hence
   (as  the  column  and  entablature  are the characteristic features of
   classical architecture) a style or manner of architectural designing.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e Gr eeks us ed th ree di fferent or ders, ea sy to
     distinguish,  Doric,  Ionic,  and  Corinthian. The Romans added the
     Tuscan,  and  changed  the Doric so that it is hardly recognizable,
     and   also   used  a  modified  Corinthian  called  Composite.  The
     Renaissance  writers  on  architecture  recognized  five  orders as
     orthodox  or  classical,  -- Doric (the Roman sort), Ionic, Tuscan,
     Corinthian, and Composite. See Illust. of Capital.

   12.  (Nat.  Hist.)  An  assemblage  of genera having certain important
   characters  in common; as, the Carnivora and Insectivora are orders of

     NOTE: &hand; Th e Li nn\'91an ar tificial or ders of  plants rested
     mainly  on  identity  in the numer of pistils, or agreement in some
     one  character. Natural orders are groups of genera agreeing in the
     fundamental  plan  of  their  flowers and fruit. A natural order is
     usually (in botany) equivalent to a family, and may include several

   13.  (Rhet.)  The placing of words and members in a sentence in such a
   manner   as  to  contribute  to  force  and  beauty  or  clearness  of

   14. (Math.) Rank; degree; thus, the order of a curve or surface is the
   same as the degree of its equation.
   Artificial  order  OR  system.  See  Artificial  classification, under
   Artificial,  and  Note  to  def.  12 above. -- Close order (Mil.), the
   arrangement  of the ranks with a distance of about half a pace between
   them;  with  a  distance  of  about  three yards the ranks are in open
   order.  --  The  four  Orders,  The  Orders  four,  the four orders of
   mendicant friars. See Friar. Chaucer. -- General orders (Mil.), orders
   issued  which  concern  the whole command, or the troops generally, in
   distinction  from  special  orders.  --  Holy  orders. (a) (Eccl.) The
   different   grades  of  the  Christian  ministry;  ordination  to  the
   ministry.  See  def.  10  above.  (b)  (R. C. Ch.) A sacrament for the
   purpose  of  conferring a special grace on those ordained. -- In order
   to, for the purpose of; to the end; as means to.

     The best knowledge is that which is of greatest use in order to our
     eternal happiness. Tillotson.

   --  Minor  orders  (R.  C.  Ch.),  orders  beneath  the  diaconate  in
   sacramental  dignity,  as  acolyte,  exorcist,  reader, doorkeeper. --
   Money  order.  See  under Money. -- Natural order. (Bot.) See def. 12,
   Note.  --  Order  book.  (a)  A  merchant's  book  in which orders are
   entered.  (b)  (Mil.) A book kept at headquarters, in which all orders
   are  recorded  for  the information of officers and men. (c) A book in
   the  House of Commons in which proposed orders must be entered. [Eng.]
   -- Order in Council, a royal order issed with and by the advice of the
   Privy  Council.  [Great  Britain]  --  Order  of  battle  (Mil.),  the
   particular  disposition given to the troops of an army on the field of
   battle.  --  Order  of  the  day,  in  legislative bodies, the special
   business  appointed  for  a  specified day. -- Order of a differential
   equation  (Math.),  the  greatest  index  of  differentiation  in  the
   equation.  --  Sailing orders (Naut.), the final instructions given to
   the  commander  of  a  ship  of war before a cruise. -- Sealed orders,
   orders  sealed, and not to be opended until a certain time, or arrival
   at  a certain place, as after a ship is at sea. -- Standing order. (a)
   A continuing regulation for the conduct of parliamentary business. (b)
   (Mil.)  An  order  not  subject to change by an officer temporarily in
   command.  -- To give order, to give command or directions. Shak. -- To
   take order for, to take charge of; to make arrangements concerning.

     Whiles I take order for mine own affairs. Shak.

   Syn. -- Arrangement; management. See Direction.


   Or"der (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ordered (?); p pr. & vb. n. Ordering.]
   [From Order, n.]

   1.  To put in order; to reduce to a methodical arrangement; to arrange
   in  a  series,  or  with  reference  to an end. Hence, to regulate; to
   dispose; to direct; to rule.

     To him that ordereth his conversation aright. Ps. 1. 23.

     Warriors old with ordered spear and shield. Milton.

   2. To give an order to; to command; as, to order troops to advance.

   3.  To  give  an  order  for;  to  secure  by an order; as, to order a
   carriage; to order groceries.

   4.  (Eccl.)  To  admit  to holy orders; to ordain; to receive into the
   ranks of the ministry.

     These ordered folk be especially titled to God. Chaucer.

     Persons presented to be ordered deacons. Bk. of Com. Prayer.

   Order  arms  (Mil.),  the  command  at  which  a rifle is brought to a
   position  with its but resting on the ground; also, the position taken
   at such a command.


   Or"der, v. i. To give orders; to issue commands.


   Or"der*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being ordered; tractable. [R.]

     Being very orderable in all his sickness. Fuller.


   Or"der*er (?), n.

   1. One who puts in order, arranges, methodizes, or regulates.

   2. One who gives orders.


   Or"der*ing, n. Disposition; distribution; management. South.


   Or"der*less,  a. Being without order or regularity; disorderly; out of


   Or"der*li*ness (?), n. The state or quality of being orderly.


   Or"der*ly, a.

   1.  Conformed  to  order;  in order; regular; as, an orderly course or
   plan. Milton.

   2.  Observant  of  order,  authority, or rule; hence, obedient; quiet;
   peaceable; not unruly; as, orderly children; an orderly community.

   3. Performed in good or established order; well-regulated. "An orderly
   . . . march." Clarendon.

   4.  Being  on duty; keeping order; conveying orders. "Aids-de-camp and
   orderly men." Sir W. Scott.
   Orderly  book  (Mil.),  a book for every company, in which the general
   and regimental orders are recorded. -- Orderly officer, the officer of
   the  day,  or  that officer of a corps or regiment whose turn it is to
   supervise  for  the  day  the arrangements for food, cleanliness, etc.
   Farrow.  --  Orderly  room.  (a)  The court of the commanding officer,
   where  charges  against  the  men  of  the regiment are tried. (b) The
   office  of  the  commanding  officer,  usually in the barracks, whence
   orders  emanate.  Farrow. -- Orderly sergeant, the first sergeant of a


   Or"der*ly  (?),  adv. According to due order; regularly; methodically;

     You are blunt; go to it orderly. Shak.


   Or"der*ly, n.; pl. Orderlies (.

   1.  (Mil.) A noncommissioned officer or soldier who attends a superior
   officer to carry his orders, or to render other service.

     Orderlies were appointed to watch the palace. Macaulay.

   2. A street sweeper. [Eng.] Mayhew.


   Or`di*na*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. Capability of being ordained or appointed.
   [Obs.] Bp. Bull.


   Or"di*na*ble (?), a. [See Ordinate, Ordain.] Capable of being ordained
   or appointed. [Obs.]


   Or"di*nal (?), a. [L. ordinalis, fr. ordo, ordinis, order. See Order.]

   1.  Indicating  order  or  succession; as, the ordinal numbers, first,
   second, third, etc.

   2. Of or pertaining to an order.


   Or"di*nal, n.

   1. A word or number denoting order or succession.

   2.  (Ch.  of  Eng.)  The  book  of  forms  for  making, ordaining, and
   consecrating bishops, priests, and deacons.

   3.  (R.  C.  Ch.)  A book containing the rubrics of the Mass. [Written
   also ordinale.]


   Or"di*nal*ism  (?),  n.  The  state  or quality of being ordinal. [R.]


   Or"di*nance  (?), n. [OE. ordenance, OF. ordenance, F. ordonnance. See
   Ordain, and cf. Ordnance, Ordonnance.]

   1. Orderly arrangement; preparation; provision. [Obs.] Spenser.

     They  had made their ordinance Of victual, and of other purveyance.

   2.  A  rule  established  by  authority; a permanent rule of action; a
   statute,  law,  regulation,  rescript,  or accepted usage; an edict or
   decree;  esp.,  a  local  law enacted by a municipal government; as, a
   municipal ordinance.

     Thou wilt die by God's just ordinance. Shak.

     By custom and the ordinance of times. Shak.

     Walking  in  all  the  commandments  and  ordinances  of  the  Lord
     blameless. Luke i. 6.

     NOTE: &hand; Ac ts of  Pa rliament are sometimes called ordinances;
     also,  certain  colonial  laws  and  certain acts of Congress under
     Confederation;  as, the ordinance of 1787 for the government of the
     territory  of  the  United  States northwest of the Ohio River; the
     colonial  ordinance  of  1641,  or 1647. This word is often used in
     Scripture  in the sense of a law or statute of sovereign power. Ex.
     xv.  25. Num. x. 8. Ezra iii. 10. Its most frequent application now
     in  the  United  States  is  to  laws  and regulations of municipal
     corporations. Wharton (Law Dict.).

   3. (Eccl.) An established rite or ceremony.

   4. Rank; order; station. [Obs.] Shak.

   5. [See Ordnance.] Ordnance; cannon. [Obs.] Shak.


   Or"di*nand`  (?),  n.  [L.  ordinandus,  gerundive  of  ordinare.  See
   Ordain.] One about to be ordained.


   Or"di*nant  (?),  a.  [L.  ordinans,  p. pr. of ordinare. See Ordain.]
   Ordaining; decreeing. [Obs.] Shak.


   Or"di*nant, n. One who ordains. F. G. Lee.


   Or"di*na*ri*ly  (?),  adv.  According  to established rules or settled
   method; as a rule; commonly; usually; in most cases; as, a winter more
   than ordinarily severe.

     Those  who  ordinarily  pride  themselves  not  a little upon their
     penetration. I. Taylor.


   Or"di*na*ry  (?),  a. [L. ordinarius, fr. ordo, ordinis, order: cf. F.
   ordinaire. See Order.]

   1.  According to established order; methodical; settled; regular. "The
   ordinary forms of law." Addison.

   2. Common; customary; usual. Shak.

     Method  is  not  less  reguisite  in  ordinary conversation that in
     writing. Addison.

   3.  Of common rank, quality, or ability; not distinguished by superior
   excellence   or   beauty;   hence,   not  distinguished  in  any  way;
   commonplace;  inferior; of little merit; as, men of ordinary judgment;
   an ordinary book.

     An  ordinary  lad would have acquired little or no useful knowledge
     in such a way. Macaulay.

   Ordinary  seaman  (Naut.),  one not expert or fully skilled, and hence
   ranking   below  an  able  seaman.  Syn.  --  Normal;  common;  usual;
   customary. See Normal. -- Ordinary, Common. A thing is common in which
   many  persons  share  or  partake;  as,  a common practice. A thing is
   ordinary  when  it is apt to come round in the regular common order or
   succession of events.
   Or"di*na*ry, n.; pl. Ordinaries (.
   1.  (Law)  (a) (Roman Law) An officer who has original jurisdiction in
   his  own  right,  and  not  by  deputation. (b) (Eng. Law) One who has
   immediate  jurisdiction  in  matters ecclesiastical; an ecclesiastical
   judge;  also,  a  deputy  of  the  bishop, or a clergyman appointed to
   perform divine service for condemned criminals and assist in preparing
   them for death. (c) (Am. Law) A judicial officer, having generally the
   powers of a judge of probate or a surrogate.
   2. The mass; the common run. [Obs.]

     I  see  no  more  in you than in the ordinary Of nature's salework.

   3.  That  which  is  so  common,  or  continued, as to be considered a
   settled establishment or institution. [R.]

     Spain  had  no  other  wars  save  those  which  were grown into an
     ordinary. Bacon.

   4. Anything which is in ordinary or common use.

     Water   buckets,   wagons,  cart  wheels,  plow  socks,  and  other
     ordinaries. Sir W. Scott.

   5.  A  dining  room  or  eating house where a meal is prepared for all
   comers,  at  a fixed price for the meal, in distinction from one where
   each  dish  is separately charged; a table d'h\'93te; hence, also, the
   meal furnished at such a dining room. Shak.

     All the odd words they have picked up in a coffeehouse, or a gaming
     ordinary, are produced as flowers of style. Swift.

     He  exacted  a  tribute for licenses to hawkers and peddlers and to
     ordinaries. Bancroft.

   6. (Her.) A charge or bearing of simple form, one of nine or ten which
   are in constant use. The bend, chevron, chief, cross, fesse, pale, and
   saltire are uniformly admitted as ordinaries. Some authorities include
   bar, bend sinister, pile, and others. See Subordinary.
   In  ordinary.  (a)  In actual and constant service; statedly attending
   and serving; as, a physician or chaplain in ordinary. An ambassador in
   ordinary  is  one  constantly resident at a foreign court. (b) (Naut.)
   Out  of commission and laid up; -- said of a naval vessel. -- Ordinary
   of  the Mass (R. C. Ch.), the part of the Mass which is the same every
   day; -- called also the canon of the Mass.


   Or"di*na*ry*ship (?), n. The state of being an ordinary. [R.] Fuller.


   Or"di*nate  (?),  a.  [L.  ordinatus,  p. p. of ordinare. See Ordain.]
   Well-ordered;  orderly;  regular;  methodical.  "A  life  blissful and
   ordinate."  Chaucer. Ordinate figure (Math.), a figure whose sides and
   angles are equal; a regular figure.


   Or"di*nate,  n.  (Geom.)  The  distance  of  any point in a curve or a
   straight line, measured on a line called the axis of ordinates or on a
   line  parallel  to it, from another line called the axis of abscissas,
   on which the corresponding abscissa of the point is measured.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ordinate and abscissa, taken together, are called
     co\'94rdinates, and define the position of the point with reference
     to  the  two  axes  named,  the intersection of which is called the
     origin of co\'94rdinates. See Coordinate.

   <--  in a typical two-dimensional plot, viewed on a plane graph in its
   normal  orientation  with  perpendicular  axes,  the  ordinate  is the
   vertical  axis; when the axes are labeled as x and y, it is the y-axis


   Or"di*nate (?), v. t. To appoint, to regulate; to harmonize. Bp. Hall.


   Or"di*nate*ly  (?),  adv.  In  an  ordinate  manner; orderly. Chaucer.


   Or`di*na"tion (?), n. [L. ordinatio: cf. F. ordination.]

   1.  The  act  of ordaining, appointing, or setting apart; the state of
   being ordained, appointed, etc.

     The holy and wise ordination of God. Jer. Taylor.

     Virtue  and  vice  have  a  natural ordination to the happiness and
     misery of life respectively. Norris.

   2.  (Eccl.)  The  act  of  setting apart to an office in the Christian
   ministry; the conferring of holy orders.

   3. Disposition; arrangement; order. [R.]
   Angle   of   ordination   (Geom.),  the  angle  between  the  axes  of


   Or"di*na*tive  (?), a. [L. ordinativus.] Tending to ordain; directing;
   giving order. [R.] Gauden.


   Or"di*na`tor  (?), n. [L.] One who ordains or establishes; a director.
   [R.] T. Adams.


   Ord"nance  (?), n. [From OE. ordenance, referring orig. to the bore or
   size  of the cannon. See Ordinance.] Heavy weapons of warfare; cannon,
   or great guns, mortars, and howitzers; artillery; sometimes, a general
   term for all weapons and appliances used in war.

     All the battlements their ordnance fire. Shak.

     Then  you  may hear afar off the awful roar of his [Rufus Choate's]
     rifled ordnance. E. Ererett.

   Ordnance  survey,  the  official  survey of Great Britain and Ireland,
   conducted by the ordnance department.


   Or"don*nance  (?),  n. [F. See Ordinance.] (Fine Arts) The disposition
   of  the  parts  of  any composition with regard to one another and the

     Their dramatic ordonnance of the parts. Coleridge.


   Or"don*nant  (?),  a.  [F.,  p.  pr. of ordonner. See Ordinant.] Of or
   pertaining to ordonnance. Dryden.


   Or*do"vi*an (?), a. & n. (Geol.) Ordovician.


   Or`do*vi"cian  (?),  a. [From L. Ordovices, a Celtic people in Wales.]
   (Geol.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  a division of the Silurian formation,
   corresponding  in  general  to  the  Lower  Silurian  of most authors,
   exclusive of the Cambrian. -- n. The Ordovician formation.


   Or"dure  (?),  n.  [F.  ordure,  OF. ord filthy, foul, fr. L. horridus
   horrid. See Horrid.]

   1. Dung; excrement; f\'91ces. Shak.

   2. Defect; imperfection; fault. [Obs.] Holland.


   Or"dur*ous (?), a. Of or pertaining to ordure; filthy. Drayton.


   Ore  (?),  n. [AS. \'ber.] Honor; grace; favor; mercy; clemency; happy
   augry. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ore,  n.  [AS.  ;  cf.  \'ber  brass,  bronze, akin to OHG. , G. ehern
   brazen, Icel. eir brass, Goth. ais, L. aes, Skr. ayas iron. Ora, Era.]

   1.  The  native form of a metal, whether free and uncombined, as gold,
   copper,  etc.,  or  combined,  as  iron,  lead,  etc. Usually the ores
   contain  the  metals  combined  with  oxygen,  sulphur,  arsenic, etc.
   (called mineralizers).

   2.  (Mining)  A native metal or its compound with the rock in which it
   occurs, after it has been picked over to throw out what is worthless.

   3. Metal; as, the liquid ore. [R.] Milton.
   Ore  hearth,  a low furnace in which rich lead ore is reduced; -- also
   called Scotch hearth. Raymond.


   O"re*ad  (?),  n. [L. Oreas, -adis, Gr. or\'82ade.] (Class. Myth.) One
   of the nymphs of mountains and grottoes.

     Like a wood nymph light, Oread or Dryad. Milton.


   O*re"a*des  (?),  n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) A group of butterflies which
   includes the satyrs. See Satyr, 2.


   O*rec"tic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Philos.)  Of or pertaining to the desires;
   hence, impelling to gratification; appetitive.

   Page 1011

                                 Oregon grape

   Or"e*gon grape` (?). (Bot.) An evergreen species of barberry (Berberis
   Aquifolium),  of Oregon and California; also, its roundish, blue-black


   O"re*ide (?), n. See Oroide.


   O"re*o*don  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Paleon)  A  genus  of extinct herbivorous
   mammals, abundant in the Tertiary formation of the Rocky Mountains. It
   is more or less related to the camel, hog, and deer.


   O"re*o*dont  (?),  a.  (Paleon.)  Resembling,  or allied to, the genus


   O`re*o*graph"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to oreography.


   O`re*og"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -graphy.]  The  science  of mountains;


   O`re*os"e*lin  (?),  n. (Chem.) A white crystalline substance which is
   obtained   indirectly   from   the  root  of  an  umbelliferous  plant
   (Imperatoria Oreoselinum), and yields resorcin on decomposition.


   O`re*o*so"ma  (?),  n.  pl. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of small
   oceanic fishes, remarkable for the large conical tubercles which cover
   the under surface.


   Ore"weed` (?), n. Same as Oarweed.


   Ore"wood` (?), n. Same as Oarweed.

                                   Orf, Orfe

   Orf  (?),  Or"fe  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  bright-colored domesticated
   variety of the id. See Id.


   Orf"gild`  (?),  n.  [AS.  orf,  yrfe, cattle, property + gild, gield,
   money,  fine.]  (O.  Eng.  Law)  Restitution for cattle; a penalty for
   taking away cattle. Cowell.


   Or"fray  (?),  n.  [F. orfraie. Cf. Osprey, Ossifrage.] (Zo\'94l.) The
   osprey. [Obs.] Holland.


   Or"frays  (?), n. [OF. orfrais, F. orfroi; F. or gold + fraise, frise,
   fringe,  ruff. See Fraise, and cf. Auriphrygiate.] See Orphrey. [Obs.]
   Rom. of R.


   Or"gal (?), n. (Chem.) See Argol. [Obs.]


   Or"gan (?), n. [L. organum, Gr. work: cf. F. organe. See Work, and cf.
   Orgue, Orgy.]

   1.  An  instrument  or  medium  by  which  some  important  action  is
   performed, or an important end accomplished; as, legislatures, courts,
   armies, taxgatherers, etc., are organs of government.

   2.  (Biol.)  A  natural  part  or  structure  in an animal or a plant,
   capable of performing some special action (termed its function), which
   is  essential  to  the life or well-being of the whole; as, the heart,
   lungs, etc., are organs of animals; the root, stem, foliage, etc., are
   organs of plants.

     NOTE: &hand; In animals the organs are generally made up of several
     tissues,  one  of  which  usually  predominates, and determines the
     principal  function  of  the  organ.  Groups of organs constitute a
     system. See System.

   3.  A  component part performing an essential office in the working of
   any complex machine; as, the cylinder, valves, crank, etc., are organs
   of the steam engine.

   4.  A  medium of communication between one person or body and another;
   as,  the  secretary of state is the organ of communication between the
   government  and  a  foreign  power;  a  newspaper  is the organ of its
   editor, or of a party, sect, etc.

   5.  [Cf.  AS.  organ,  fr.  L.  organum.]  (Mus.)  A  wind  instrument
   containing  numerous  pipes of various dimensions and kinds, which are
   filled  with  wind  from  a  bellows, and played upon by means of keys
   similar  to those of a piano, and sometimes by foot keys or pedals; --
   formerly used in the plural, each pipe being considired an organ.

     The deep, majestic, solemn organs blow. Pope.

     NOTE: &hand; Chaucer used the form orgon as a plural.

     The merry orgon . . . that in the church goon [go].

   Barrel  organ, Choir organ, Great organ, etc. See under Barrel, Choir,
   etc.  -- Cabinet organ (Mus.), an organ of small size, as for a chapel
   or  for  domestic  use;  a  reed  organ.  --  Organ bird (Zo\'94l.), a
   Tasmanian  crow  shrike  (Gymnorhina  organicum). It utters discordant
   notes  like  those  of  a  hand  organ  out  of  tune.  --  Organ fish
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  drumfish. -- Organ gun. (Mil.) Same as Orgue (b). --
   Organ  harmonium  (Mus.), an harmonium of large capacity and power. --
   Organ  of Gorti (Anat.), a complicated structure in the cochlea of the
   ear,  including  the auditory hair cells, the rods or fibers of Corti,
   the  membrane  of  Corti,  etc. See Note under Ear. -- Organ pipe. See
   Pipe,  n.,  1.  -- Organ-pipe coral. (Zo\'94l.) See Tubipora. -- Organ
   point  (Mus.),  a  passage in which the tonic or dominant is sustained
   continuously by one part, while the other parts move.


   Or"gan,  v.  t. To supply with an organ or organs; to fit with organs;
   to organize. [Obs.]

     Thou  art  elemented  and  organed  for  other  apprehensions.  Bp.

                               Organdie, Organdy

   Or"gan*die,  Or"gan*dy  (?),  n.  [F.  organdi.] A kind of transparent
   light muslin.


   Or*gan"ic (?), a. [L. organicus, Gr. organique.]

   1.  (Biol.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  an  organ or its functions, or to
   objects  composed of organs; consisting of organs, or containing them;
   as, the organic structure of animals and plants; exhibiting characters
   peculiar  to  living  organisms;  as,  organic  bodies,  organic life,
   organic remains. Cf. Inorganic.

   2. Produced by the organs; as, organic pleasure. [R.]

   3.  Instrumental;  acting  as  instruments  of  nature  or of art to a
   certain destined function or end. [R.]

     Those  organic  arts  which  enable  men  to  discourse  and  write
     perspicuously. Milton.

   4.  Forming  a  whole composed of organs. Hence: Of or pertaining to a
   system   of   organs;  inherent  in,  or  resulting  from,  a  certain
   organization;  as,  an  organic  government; his love of truth was not
   inculcated, but organic.

   5.  Pertaining  to,  or  denoting,  any  one  of  the  large series of
   substances  which,  in  nature  or  origin,  are  connected with vital
   processes,  and include many substances of artificial production which
   may  or  may  not  occur  in  animals  or  plants;  -- contrasted with

     NOTE: &hand; Th e principles of organic and inorganic chemistry are
     identical;  but the enormous number and the completeness of related
     series   of  organic  compounds,  together  with  their  remarkable
     facility  of  exchange  and  substitution, offer an illustration of
     chemical  reaction  and  homology not to be paralleled in inorganic

   Organic analysis (Chem.), the analysis of organic compounds, concerned
   chiefly  with  the determination of carbon as carbon dioxide, hydrogen
   as  water,  oxygen as the difference between the sum of the others and
   100 per cent, and nitrogen as free nitrogen, ammonia, or nitric oxide;
   --  formerly  called  ultimate analysis, in distinction from proximate
   analysis.  --  Organic  chemistry.  See  under  Chemistry.  -- Organic
   compounds.  (Chem.)  See  Carbon  compounds,  under Carbon. -- Organic
   description  of a curve (Geom.), the description of a curve on a plane
   by  means  of  instruments.  Brande  & C. -- Organic disease (Med.), a
   disease attended with morbid changes in the structure of the organs of
   the body or in the composition of its fluids; -- opposed to functional
   disease. -- Organic electricity. See under Electricity. -- Organic law
   OR  laws,  a  law  or  system  of  laws,  or declaration of principles
   fundamental  to the existence and organization of a political or other
   association;   a   constitution.   --   Organic  stricture  (Med.),  a
   contraction  of  one  of  the natural passages of the body produced by
   structural  changes  in  its  walls, as distinguished from a spasmodic
   stricture, which is due to muscular contraction.
   Or*gan"ic*al (?), a. Organic. 

     The  organical  structure  of  human  bodies, whereby they live and
     move. Bentley.


   Or*gan"ic*al*ly, adv. In an organic manner; by means of organs or with
   reference to organic functions; hence, fundamentally. Gladstone.


   Or*gan"ic*al*ness, n. The quality or state of being organic.


   Or*gan"i*cism  (?),  n.  (Med.)  The  doctrine  of the localization of
   disease,  or  which refers it always to a material lesion of an organ.


   Or`gan*if"ic  (?), a. [Organ + L. -ficare (in comp.) to make. See fy.]
   Making  an  organic  or  organized  structure;  producing an organism;
   acting through, or resulting from, organs. Prof. Park.


   Or"gan*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. organisme.]

   1.  Organic structure; organization. "The advantageous organism of the
   eye." Grew.

   2.  (Biol.)  An  organized  being;  a living body, either vegetable or
   animal, compozed of different organs or parts with functions which are
   separate,  but  mutually  dependent,  and essential to the life of the

     NOTE: &hand; So me of  th e lo wer fo rms of  life are so simple in
     structure  as to be without organs, but are still called organisms,
     since  they  have  different  parts  analogous  in functions to the
     organs of higher plants and animals.


   Or"gan*ist, n. [Cf. F. organiste.]

   1. (Mus.) One who plays on the organ.

   2.  (R.  C.  Ch.)  One  of the priests who organized or sung in parts.


   Or`ga*nis"ta  (?), n. [Sp., an organis.] (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several
   South American wrens, noted for the sweetness of their song.


   Or*gan"i*ty (?), n. Organism. [R.]


   Or`gan*i`za*bil"i*ty  (?), n. Quality of being organizable; capability
   of being organized.


   Or"gan*i`za*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of  being organized; esp. (Biol.),
   capable of being formed into living tissue; as, organizable matter.


   Or`gan*i*za"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. organisation.]

   1. The act of organizing; the act of arranging in a systematic way for
   use  or  action; as, the organization of an army, or of a deliberative
   body. "The first organization of the general government." Pickering.

   2.  The state of being organized; also, the relations included in such
   a state or condition.

     What  is  organization  but  the  connection  of parts in and for a
     whole, so that each part is, at once, end and means? Coleridge.

   3.  That  wich  is  organized;  an  organized  existence; an organism;
   specif.  (Biol.),  an  arrangement of parts for the performance of the
   functions necessary to life.

     The  cell  may be regarded as the most simple, the most common, and
     the earliest form of organization. McKendrick.


   Or"gan*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Organized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Organizing (?).] [Cf. F. organiser, Gr. Organ.]

   1. (Biol.) To furnish with organs; to give an organic structure to; to
   endow with capacity for the functions of life; as, an organized being;
   organized   matter;  --  in  this  sense  used  chiefly  in  the  past

     These  nobler  faculties  of the mind, matter organized could never
     produce. Ray.

   2.  To arrange or constitute in parts, each having a special function,
   act,  office,  or relation; to systematize; to get into working order;
   --   applied   to  products  of  the  human  intellect,  or  to  human
   institutions  and undertakings, as a science, a government, an army, a
   war, etc.

     This original and supreme will organizes the government. Cranch.

   3. (Mus.) To sing in parts; as, to organize an anthem. [R.] Busby.


   Or"gan*i`zer (?), n. One who organizes.


   Or"gan*ling (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A large kind of sea fish; the orgeis.


   Or"ga*no-  (?). [See Organ.] A combining form denoting relation to, or
   connection with, an organ or organs.


   Or*gan"o*gen (?), n. [Organo- + -gen.] (Chem.) A name given to any one
   of  the  four  elements, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, which
   are  especially characteristic ingredients of organic compounds; also,
   by   extension,   to  other  elements  sometimes  found  in  the  same
   connection; as sulphur, phosphorus, etc.


   Or`ga*no*gen"e*sis (?), n. [Organo- + genesis.]

   1. (Biol.) The origin and development of organs in animals and plants.

   2.  (Biol.) The germ history of the organs and systems of organs, -- a
   branch of morphogeny. Haeckel.


   Or`ga*no*gen"ic (?), a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to organogenesis.


   Or`ga*nog"e*ny (?), n. (Biol.) Organogenesis.

                        Organographic, Organographical

   Or`ga*no*graph"ic   (?),   Or`ga*no*graph"ic*al   (?),   a.   [Cf.  F.
   organographique.] Of or pertaining to organography.


   Or`ga*nog"ra*phist (?), n. One versed in organography.


   Or`ga*nog"ra*phy  (?), n. [Organo- + -graphy: cf. F. organographie.] A
   description of the organs of animals or plants.


   Or`ga*no*lep"tic (?), a. [F. organoleptique, fr. Gr. (Physiol.) Making
   an  impression  upon  an  organ;  plastic;  --  said  of the effect or
   impression produced by any substance on the organs of touch, taste, or
   smell, and also on the organism as a whole.


   Or`ga*no*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or relating to organology.


   Or`ga*nol"o*gy (?), n. [Organ + -logy: cf. F. organologie.]

   1.  The  science  of  organs  or  of anything considered as an organic

     The  science of style, as an organ of thought, of style in relation
     to the ideas and feelings, might be called the organology of style.
     De Quincey.

   2.  That  branch of biology which treats, in particular, of the organs
   of animals and plants. See Morphology.


   Or`ga*no*me*tal"lic (?), a. (Chem.) Metalorganic.

                               Organon, Organum

   Or"ga*non (?), Or"ga*num (?), n. [NL. organon, L. organum. See Organ.]
   An  organ  or  instrument;  hence,  a method by which philosophical or
   scientific  investigation may be conducted; -- a term adopted from the
   Aristotelian  writers by Lord Bacon, as the title ("Novum Organon") of
   part of his treatise on philosophical method. Sir. W. Hamilton.


   Or`ga*non"y*my  (?),  n.  [Organo-  +  Gr.  (Biol.) The designation or
   nomenclature of organs. B. G. Wilder.


   Or`ga*noph"y*ly  (?),  n. [Organo- + Gr. (Biol.) The tribal history of
   organs, -- a branch of morphophyly. Haeckel.


   Or`ga*no*plas"tic  (?),  a.  [Organo-  + -plastic.] (Biol.) Having the
   property of producing the tissues or organs of animals and plants; as,
   the organoplastic cells.


   Or`ga*nos"co*py (?), n. [Organo- + -scopy.] Phrenology. Fleming.


   Or`ga*no*troph"ic  (?),  a.  [Organo-  +  Gr.  (Biol.) Relating to the
   creation, organization, and nutrition of living organs or parts.


   Or"gan*ule (?), n. [Dim. of organ.] (Anat.) One of the essential cells
   or elements of an organ. See Sense organule, under Sense. Huxley.


   Or"ga*ny  (?), n. [AS. Organe, from the Latin. See Origan.] (Bot.) See


   Or"gan*zine (?), n. [F. organsin; cf. Sp. organsino, It. organzino.] A
   kind of double thrown silk of very fine texture, that is, silk twisted
   like a rope with different strands, so as to increase its strength.


   Or"gasm  (?),  n.  [F. orgasme; cf. Gr. (Physiol.) Eager or immoderate
   excitement or action; the state of turgescence of any organ; erethism;
   esp., the height of venereal excitement in sexual intercourse.


   Or"geat  (?),  n. [F., fr. orge barley, L. hordeum.] A sirup in which,
   formerly,  a  decoction  of  barley entered, but which is now prepared
   with an emulsion of almonds, -- used to flavor beverages or edibles.


   Or"ge*is (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Organling.


   Or`gi*as"tic  (?),  a. [Gr. Orgy.] Pertaining to, or of the nature of,
   orgies. Elton.


   Or"gies (?), n. pl.; sing. Orgy (.

     NOTE: [The singular is rarely used.]

   [F. orgie, orgies, L. orgia, pl., Gr. Organ, and Work.]

   1.  A  sacrifice  accompanied  by  certain ceremonies in honor of some
   pagan  deity;  especially,  the  ceremonies observed by the Greeks and
   Romans   in   the   worship   of  Dionysus,  or  Bacchus,  which  were
   characterized by wild and dissolute revelry.

     As  when, with crowned cups, unto the Elian god, Those priests high
     orgies held. Drayton.

   2. Drunken revelry; a carouse. B. Jonson. Tennyson.


   Or"gil*lous  (?),  a.  [OF. orguillous, F. orgueilleux, fr. OF. orgoil
   pride, F. orgueil.] Proud; haughty. [Obs.] Shak.


   Orgue  (?),  n.  [F., fr. L. organum organ, Gr. Organ.] (Mil.) (a) Any
   one of a number of long, thick pieces of timber, pointed and shod with
   iron,  and  suspended,  each by a separate rope, over a gateway, to be
   let  down  in case of attack. (b) A piece of ordnance, consisting of a
   number of musket barrels arranged so that a match or train may connect
   with  all their touchholes, and a discharge be secured almost or quite


   Or"gu*lous (?), a. See Orgillous. [Obs.]


   Or"gy  (?),  n.;  pl.  Orgies (. A frantic revel; drunken revelry. See


   Or*gy"i*a  (?,  n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.). A genus of bombycid moths
   whose  caterpillars  (esp. those of Orgyia leucostigma) are often very
   injurious  to  fruit  trees  and  shade trees. The female is wingless.
   Called also vaporer moth.

   Page 1012


   Or"i*calche (?), n. [Obs.] See Orichalch.

     Costly oricalche from strange Ph\'d2nice. Spenser.


   Or`i*chal"ce*ous  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to,  or resembling, orichalch;
   having a color or luster like that of brass. Maunder.


   Or"i*chalch  (?),  n.  [L.  orichalcum,  Gr.  orichalque.]  A metallic
   substance,  resembling  gold  in color, but inferior in value; a mixed
   metal  of  the ancients, resembling brass; -- called also aurichalcum,
   orichalcum, etc.


   O"ri*el  (?),  n.  [OF.  oriol gallery, corridor, LL. oriolum portico,
   hall,  prob. fr. L. aureolus gilded, applied to an apartment decorated
   with  gilding.  See  Oriole.]  [Formerly  written  also  oriol, oryal,

   1. A gallery for minstrels. [Obs.] W. Hamper.

   2.  A  small  apartment  next  a  hall,  where  certain  persons  were
   accustomed to dine; a sort of recess. [Obs.] Cowell.

   3. (Arch.) A bay window. See Bay window.

     The  beams  that  thro' the oriel shine Make prisms in every carven
     glass. Tennyson.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ere is  no  generally admitted difference between a
     bay  window  and  an oriel. In the United States the latter name is
     often  applied to bay windows which are small, and either polygonal
     or  round;  also, to such as are corbeled out from the wall instead
     of resting on the ground.


   O"ri*en*cy (?), n. [See Orient.] Brightness or strength of color. [R.]
   E. Waterhouse.


   O"ri*ent  (?), a. [F., fr. L. oriens, -entis, p. pr. of oriri to rise.
   See Origin.]

   1. Rising, as the sun.

     Moon, that now meet'st the orient sun. Milton.

   2. Eastern; oriental. "The orient part." Hakluyt.

   3.  Bright;  lustrous;  superior;  pure; perfect; pellucid; -- used of
   gems  and also figuratively, because the most perfect jewels are found
   in  the  East.  "Pearls round and orient." Jer. Taylor. "Orient gems."
   Wordsworth. "Orient liquor in a crystal glass." Milton.


   O"ri*ent, n.

   1. The part of the horizon where the sun first appears in the morning;
   the east.

     [Morn] came furrowing all the orient into gold. Tennyson.

   2. The countries of Asia or the East. Chaucer.

     Best built city throughout the Orient. Sir T. Herbert.

   3. A pearl of great luster. [R.] Carlyle.


   O"ri*ent (?), v. t. [F. orienter. Cf. Orientate.]

   1.  To  define  the  position  of,  in relation to the orient or east;
   hence, to ascertain the bearings of.

   2.  Fig.: To correct or set right by recurring to first principles; to
   arrange in order; to orientate.


   O`ri*en"tal (?), a. [L. orientalis: cf. F. oriental.] Of or pertaining
   to   the   orient  or  east;  eastern;  concerned  with  the  East  or
   Orientalism; -- opposed to occidental; as, Oriental countries.

     The sun's ascendant and oriental radiations. Sir T. Browne.


   O`ri*en"tal, n.

   1.  A  native  or inhabitant of the Orient or some Eastern part of the
   world; an Asiatic.

   2. pl. (Eccl.) Eastern Christians of the Greek rite.


   O`ri*en"tal*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. orientalisme.]

   1.  Any  system,  doctrine,  custom,  expression,  etc.,  peculiar  to
   Oriental people.

   2.  Knowledge  or use of Oriental languages, history, literature, etc.
   London Quart. Rev.


   O`ri*en"tal*ist, n. [Cf. F. orientaliste.]

   1. An inhabitant of the Eastern parts of the world; an Oriental.

   2.  One  versed  in Eastern languages, literature, etc.; as, the Paris
   Congress of Orientalists. Sir J. Shore.


   O`ri*en*tal"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality or state of being oriental or
   eastern. Sir T. Browne.


   O`ri*en"tal*ize  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Orientalized (?); p. pr. &
   vb.  n. Orientalizing (?).] to render Oriental; to cause to conform to
   Oriental manners or conditions.


   O"ri*en*tate  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Orientated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Orientating.] [From Orient.]

   1.  To  place  or turn toward the east; to cause to assume an easterly
   direction, or to veer eastward.

   2. To arrange in order; to dispose or place (a body) so as to show its
   relation  to  other  bodies,  or  the  relation  of  its  parts  among

     A crystal is orientated when placed in its proper position so as to
     exhibit its symmetry. E. S. Dana.


   O"ri*en*tate,  v. i. To move or turn toward the east; to veer from the
   north or south toward the east.


   O`ri*en*ta"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. orientation.]

   1.  The  act or process of orientating; determination of the points of
   the compass, or the east point, in taking bearings.

   2.  The tendency of a revolving body, when suspended in a certain way,
   to bring the axis of rotation into parallelism with the earth's axis.

   3.  An aspect or fronting to the east; especially (Arch.), the placing
   of a church so that the chancel, containing the altar toward which the
   congregation fronts in worship, will be on the east end.

   4. Fig.: A return to first principles; an orderly arrangement.

     The task of orientation undertaken in this chapter. L. F. Ward.


   O"ri*ent*ness  (?), n. The quality or state of being orient or bright;
   splendor. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Or"i*fice  (?),  n. [F., from L. orificium; os, oris, a mouth + facere
   to make. See Oral, and Fact.] A mouth or aperture, as of a tube, pipe,
   etc.; an opening; as, the orifice of an artery or vein; the orifice of
   a wound. Shak.

     Etna was bored through the top with a monstrous orifice. Addison.

                              Oriflamb, Oriflamme

   Or"i*flamb,  Or"i*flamme  (?),  n.  [F.  oriflamme, OF. oriflambe, LL.
   auriflamma;  L.  aurum  gold  + flamma flame; cf. L. flammula a little
   banner.  So  called because it was a flag of red silk, split into many
   points, and borne on a gilded lance.]

   1. The ancient royal standard of France.

   2. A standard or ensign, in battle. "A handkerchief like an oriflamb."

     And be your oriflamme to-day the helmet of Navarre. Macaulay.

                               Origan, Origanum

   Or"i*gan  (?), O*rig"a*num (?), n. [L. origanum, Gr. Organy.] (Bot.) A
   genus  of  aromatic  labiate  plants, including the sweet marjoram (O.
   Marjorana) and the wild marjoram (O. vulgare). Spenser.


   Or"i*gen*ism   (?),  n.  (Eccl.  Hist.)  The  opinions  of  Origen  of
   Alexandria,  who  lived  in the 3d century, one of the most learned of
   the Greek Fathers. Prominent in his teaching was the doctrine that all
   created beings, including Satan, will ultimately be saved.


   Or"i*gen*ist, n. A follower of Origen of Alexandria.


   Or"i*gin  (?),  n.  [F. origine, L. origo, -iginis, fr. oriri to rise,
   become visible; akin to Gr. r, and perh. to E. run.]

   1. The first existence or beginning of anything; the birth.

     This  mixed  system  of opinion and sentiment had its origin in the
     ancient chivalry. Burke.

   2.  That  from  which  anything  primarily proceeds; the fountain; the
   spring; the cause; the occasion.

   3.  (Anat.)  The point of attachment or end of a muscle which is fixed
   during contraction; -- in contradistinction to insertion.
   Origin  of  co\'94rdinate  axes  (Math.),  the  point  where  the axes
   intersect.  See  Note  under  Ordinate.  Syn.  --  Commencement; rise;
   source;  spring;  fountain;  derivation;  cause;  root; foundation. --
   Origin,  Source.  Origin  denotes the rise or commencement of a thing;
   source  presents itself under the image of a fountain flowing forth in
   a  continuous  stream of influences. The origin of moral evil has been
   much  disputed,  but no one can doubt that it is the source of most of
   the calamities of our race.

     I  think  he  would have set out just as he did, with the origin of
     ideas -- the proper starting point of a grammarian, who is to treat
     of their signs. Tooke.

     Famous Greece, That source of art and cultivated thought Which they
     to Rome, and Romans hither, brought. Waller.


   O*rig"i*na*ble (?), a. Capable of being originated.


   O*rig"i*nal (?), a. [F. original, L. originalis.]

   1.  Pertaining to the origin or beginning; preceding all others; first
   in order; primitive; primary; pristine; as, the original state of man;
   the original laws of a country; the original inventor of a process.

     His form had yet not lost All her original brightness. Milton.

   <--  #sic.  "her"  refers  to  form, apparently considered feminine in
   gender. -->

   2.  Not  copied,  imitated, or translated; new; fresh; genuine; as, an
   original thought; an original process; the original text of Scripture.

   3.  Having  the  power  to  suggest  new  thoughts  or combinations of
   thought; inventive; as, an original genius.

   4. Before unused or unknown; new; as, a book full of original matter.
   Original  sin  (Theol.),  the  first  sin  of  Adam, as related to its
   consequences  to  his  descendants  of  the human race; -- called also
   total depravity. See Calvinism.


   O*rig"i*nal, n. [Cf. F. original.]

   1. Origin; commencement; source.

     It hath it original from much grief. Shak.

     And  spangled  heavens,  a  shining  frame,  Their  great  Original
     proclaim. Addison.

   2. That which precedes all others of its class; archetype; first copy;
   hence,  an  original  work  of art, manuscript, text, and the like, as
   distinguished from a copy, translation, etc.

     The Scriptures may be now read in their own original. Milton.

   3. An original thinker or writer; an originator. [R.]

     Men who are bad at copying, yet are good originals. C. G. Leland.

   4. A person of marked eccentricity. [Colloq.]

   5.  (Zo\'94l.  &  Bot.)  The  natural  or  wild  species  from which a
   domesticated  or  cultivated variety has been derived; as, the wolf is
   thought  by  some  to  be  the original of the dog, the blackthorn the
   original of the plum.


   O*rig"i*nal*ist, n. One who is original. [R.]


   O*rig`i*nal"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. originalit\'82.] The quality or state
   of being original. Macaulay.


   O*rig"i*nal*ly (?), adv.

   1. In the original time, or in an original manner; primarily; from the
   beginning or origin; not by derivation, or imitation.

     God is originally holy in himself. Bp. Pearson.

   2.  At  first; at the origin; at the time of formation or costruction;
   as,  a  book  originally  written  by another hand. "Originally a half
   length [portrait]." Walpole.


   O*rig"i*nal*ness  (?),  n. The quality of being original; originality.
   [R.] Johnson.


   O*rig"i*nant (?), a. Originating; original. [R.]

     An absolutely originant act of self will. Prof. Shedd.


   O*rig"i*na*ry (?), a. [L. originarius: cf. F. originaire.]

   1. Causing existence; productive. [R.]

     The production of animals, in the originary way, requires a certain
     degree of warmth. Cheyne.

   2. Primitive; primary; original. [R.]

     The grand originary right of all rights. Hickok.


   O*rig"i*nate  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Originated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Originating.]  [From  Origin.]  To  give an origin or beginning to; to
   cause to be; to bring into existence; to produce as new.

     A  decomposition  of  the  whole civill and political mass, for the
     purpose of originating a new civil order. Burke.


   O*rig"i*nate,  v.  i.  To  take  first  existence;  to  have origin or
   beginning;  to  begin  to exist or act; as, the scheme originated with
   the governor and council.


   O*rig`i*na"tion (?), n. [L. originatio.]

   1.  The  act  or  process  of bringing or coming into existence; first
   production. "The origination of the universe." Keill.

     What comes from spirit is a spontaneous origination. Hickok.

   2. Mode of production, or bringing into being.

     This  eruca  is  propagated by animal parents, to wit, butterflies,
     after the common origination of all caterpillars. Ray.


   O*rig"i*na*tive  (?),  a.  Having  power, or tending, to originate, or
   bring into existence; originating. H. Bushnell. -- O*rig"i*na*tive*ly,


   O*rig"i*na`tor (?), n. One who originates.


   O*ril"lon (?), n. [F., lit., a little ear, from oreille an ear, fr. L.
   oricula,  auricula,  dim.  of  auris  an  ear.  See  Ear.]  (Fort.)  A
   semicircular  projection  made  at  the  shoulder of a bastion for the
   purpose of covering the retired flank, -- found in old fortresses.


   O"ri*ol (?), n. See Oriel.


   O"ri*ole  (?), n. [OF. oriol, oriouz, orieus, F. loriot (for l'oriol),
   fr.  L.  aureolus  golden,  dim. of aureus golden, fr. aurum gold. Cf.
   Aureole,  Oriel, Loriot.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any one of various species of
   Old  World  singing  birds of the family Oriolid\'91. They are usually
   conspicuously  colored  with  yellow and black. The European or golden
   oriole  (Oriolus  galbula, or O. oriolus) has a very musical flutelike
   note. (b) In America, any one of several species of the genus Icterus,
   belonging to the family Icterid\'91. See Baltimore oriole, and Orchard
   oriole, under Orchard. Crested oriole. (Zo\'94l.) See Cassican.


   O*ri"on   (?),   n.   [L.,  fr.  Gr.  (Astron.)  A  large  and  bright
   constellation  on the equator, between the stars Aldebaran and Sirius.
   It contains a remarkable nebula visible to the naked eye.

     The flaming glories of Orion's belt. E. Everett.


   O*ris"ka*ny (?), a. [From Oriskany, in New York.] (Geol.) Designating,
   or  pertaining  to, certain beds, chiefly limestone, characteristic of
   the  latest period of the Silurian age. Oriskany period, a subdivision
   of  the  American  Paleozoic  system  intermediate or translational in
   character  between  the  Silurian  and  Devonian  ages.  See  Chart of
   O*ris`mo*log"ic*al   (?),   a.   (Nat.  Hist.)  Of  or  pertaining  to


   O`ris*mol"o*gy  (?),  n. [Gr. -logy. See Horizon.] That departament of
   natural history which treats of technical terms.


   Or"i*son  (?),  n.  [OF.  orison,  oreson, oreison, F. oraison, fr. L.
   oratio  speech,  prayer.  See  Oration.]  A  prayer;  a  supplication.
   [Poetic] Chaucer. Shak.

     Lowly  they  bowed,  adoring, and began Their orisons, each morning
     duly paid. Milton.


   Or"i*sont (?), n. Horizon. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ork (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Orc.


   Ork"ney*an  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to the Orkney islands. "Orkneyan
   skerries." Longfellow.


   Orle  (?), n. [F. orle an orle, a fillet, fr. LL. orla border, dim. of
   L. ora border, margin.]

   1.  (Her.)  A  bearing,  in  the  form  of a fillet, round the shield,
   within, but at some distance from, the border.

   2. (Her.) The wreath, or chaplet, surmounting or encircling the helmet
   of a knight and bearing the crest.
   In orle, round the escutcheon, leaving the middle of the field vacant,
   or  occupied  by  something  else; -- said of bearings arranged on the
   shield in the form of an orle.


   Or"le*ans (?), n. [So called from the city of Orl\'82ans, in France.]

   1. A cloth made of worsted and cotton, -- used for wearing apparel.

   2. A variety of the plum. See under Plum. [Eng.]


   Or"lo (?), n. [Sp.] (Mus.) A wind instrument of music in use among the


   Or"lop  (?),  n.  [D. overloop the upper deck, lit., a running over or
   overflowing,  fr.  overloopen to run over. See Over, and Leap, and cf.
   Overloop.] (Naut.) The lowest deck of a vessel, esp. of a ship of war,
   consisting of a platform laid over the beams in the hold, on which the
   cables are coiled.


   Or"mer (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) An abalone.

   Page 1013


   Or`mo*lu"  (?),  n. [F. or moulu; or gold (L. aurum) + moulu, p. p. of
   moudre to grind, to mill, L. molere. See Aureate, and Mill.] A variety
   of brass made to resemble gold by the use of less zinc and more copper
   in  its  composition than ordinary brass contains. Its golden color is
   often heightened by means of lacquer of some sort, or by use of acids.
   Called  also mosaic gold. Ormolu varnish, a varnish applied to metals,
   as brass, to give the appearance of gold.


   Or"muzd  (?),  n.  [Zend Ahuramazda.] The good principle, or being, of
   the ancient Persian religion. See Ahriman.


   Orn (?), v. t. To ornament; to adorn. [Obs.] Joye.


   Or"na*ment  (?), n. [OE. ornement, F. ornement, fr. L. ornamentum, fr.
   ornare  to  adorn.]  That which embellishes or adorns; that which adds
   grace or beauty; embellishment; decoration; adornment.

     The ornament of a meek and quiet spirit. 1 Pet. iii. 4.

     Like  that  long-buried  body of the king Found lying with his urns
     and ornaments. Tennyson.


   Or"na*ment  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Ornamented; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ornamenting.]  To  adorn;  to  deck; to embellish; to beautify; as, to
   ornament a room, or a city. Syn. -- See Adorn.


   Or`na*men"tal  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  ornemental.]  Serving  to ornament;
   characterized by ornament; beautifying; embellishing.

     Some  think  it  most  ornamental  to wear their bracelets on their
     wrists; others, about their ankles. Sir T. Browne.


   Or`na*men"tal*ly, adv. By way of ornament.


   Or`na*men*ta"tion (?), n.

   1. The act or art of ornamenting, or the state of being ornamented.

   2. That which ornaments; ornament. C. Kingsley.


   Or"na*ment*er (?), n. One who ornaments; a decorator.


   Or*nate" (?), a. [L. ornatus, p. p. of ornare to adorn.]

   1.  Adorned;  decorated;  beautiful.  "So  bedecked, ornate, and gay."

   2. Finely finished, as a style of composition.

     A graceful and ornate rhetoric. Milton.


   Or*nate", v. t. To adorn; to honor. [R.]

     They may ornate and sanctify the name of God. Latimer.


   Or*nate"ly, adv. In an ornate manner. Sir T. More.


   Or*nate"ness, n. The quality of being ornate.


   Or"na*ture  (?),  n.  [L.  ornatura.]  Decoration; ornamentation. [R.]


   Or*nith"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Of  or  pertaining  to birds; as, ornithic
   fossils. Owen.


   Or`nith*ich"nite  (?),  n. [Ornitho- + Gr. (Paleon.) The footmark of a
   bird occurring in strata of stone. Hitchcock.


   Or`nith*ich*nol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Ornitho-  + ichnology.] (Paleon.) The
   branch of science which treats of ornithichnites. Hitchcock.


   Ornitho-. [Cf. Ern.] A combining form fr. Gr.


   Or*ni`tho*del"phi*a  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. Same as Monotremata. --
   Or`ni*tho*del"phid (#), a.


   Or`ni*thoid*ich"nite (?), n. [Ornitho- + -oid + Gr. (Paleon.) A fossil
   track resembling that of a bird. Hitchcock.


   Or*nith"o*lite  (?),  n.  [Ornitho- + -lite.] (Paleon.) (a) The fossil
   remains  of  a bird. (b) A stone of various colors bearing the figures
   of birds.

                         Ornithologic, Ornithological

   Or`ni*tho*log"ic    (?),   Or`ni*tho*log"ic*al   (?),   a.   [Cf.   F.
   ornithologique.] Of or pertaining to ornithology.


   Or`ni*thol"o*gist  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  ornithologiste.] One skilled in
   ornithology; a student of ornithology; one who describes birds.


   Or`ni*thol"o*gy (?), n. [Ornitho- + -logy: cf. F. ornithologie.]

   1.  That  branch  of zo\'94logy which treats of the natural history of
   birds and their classification.

   2. A treatise or book on this science.


   Or*nith"o*man`cy  (?),  n. [Gr. ornithomancie.] Divination by means of
   birds, their flight, etc.

     Ornithomancy grew into an elaborate science. De Quincey.


   Or*ni"thon (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. An aviary; a poultry house. Weale.


   Or*ni`tho*pap"pi  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An extinct
   order of birds. It includes only the Arch\'91opteryx.


   Or`ni*thop"o*da  (?),  n. pl. [NL. See Ornitho-, and -poda.] (Paleon.)
   An order of herbivorous dinosaurs with birdlike characteristics in the
   skeleton,  esp.  in the pelvis and hind legs, which in some genera had
   only  three  functional  toes, and supported the body in walking as in
   Iguanodon. See Illust. in Appendix.


   Or`ni*tho*rhyn"chus  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) See Duck mole,
   under Duck.


   Or*ni`tho*sau"ri*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Ornitho-,  and  Sauria.]
   (Paleon.)  An  order  of  extinct  flying  reptiles;  --  called  also


   Or*ni`tho*scel"i*da  (?),  n.  pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A group of
   extinct Reptilia, intermediate in structure (especially with regard to
   the  pelvis)  between reptiles and birds. -- Or`ni*tho*scel"i*dan (#),


   Or`ni*thos"co*py  (?),  n.  [Ornitho- + -scopy: cf. Gr. Observation of
   birds and their habits. [R.] De Quincey.


   Or`ni*tho*tom"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to ornithotomy.


   Or`ni*thot"o*mist (?), n. One who is skilled in ornithotomy.


   Or`ni*thot"o*my (?), n. [Gr. The anatomy or dissection of birds.

                           Orographic, Orographical

   Or`o*graph"ic  (?),  Or`o*graph"ic*al  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to


   O*rog"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -graphy.]  That  branch of science which
   treats  of  mountains and mountain systems; orology; as, the orography
   of Western Europe.


   Or`o*hip"pus  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Paleon.) A genus of American
   Eocene  mammals allied to the horse, but having four toes in front and
   three behind.


   O"roide  (?),  n.  [F.  or  gold (L. aurum) + Gr. An alloy, chiefly of
   copper  and  zinc  or  tin,  resembling  gold in color and brilliancy.
   [Written also oreide.]


   Or`o*log"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  orologique.]  Of  or pertaining to


   O*rol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in orology.


   O*rol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -logy:  cf.  F.  orologie.] The science or
   description of mountains.


   O"ro*tund`  (?), a. [L. os, oris, the mouth + rotundus round, smooth.]
   Characterized   by  fullness,  clearness,  strength,  and  smoothness;
   ringing  and  musical; -- said of the voice or manner of utterance. --
   n. The orotund voice or utterance Rush.


   O`ro*tun"di*ty (?), n. The orotund mode of intonation.


   Or"pha*line (?), n. See Orpheline. [Obs.]


   Or"phan  (?),  n.  [L. orphanus, Gr. orbus. Cf. Orb a blank window.] A
   child bereaved of both father and mother; sometimes, also, a child who
   has  but  one  parent living. Orphans' court (Law), a court in some of
   the  States  of  the  Union,  having jurisdiction over the estates and
   persons of orphans or other wards. Bouvier.


   Or"phan, a. Bereaved of parents, or (sometimes) of one parent.


   Or"phan, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Orphaned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Orphaning.]
   To cause to become an orphan; to deprive of parents. Young.


   Or"phan*age (?), n.

   1. The state of being an orphan; orphanhood; orphans, collectively.

   2. An institution or asylum for the care of orphans.


   Or"phan*cy (?), n. Orphanhood. Sir P. Sidney.


   Or"phan*et (?), n. A little orphan. Drayton.


   Or"phan*hood  (?),  n.  The  state  or  condition  of being an orphan;


   Or"phan*ism (?), n. Orphanhood. [R.]


   Or`phan*ot"ro*phism  (?),  n.  The  care  and support of orphans. [R.]
   Cotton Mather (1711).


   Or`phan*ot"ro*phy (?), n. [L. orphanotrophium, Gr.

   1. A hospital for orphans. [R.] A. Chalmers.

   2. The act of supporting orphans. [R.]


   Or*pha"ri*on  (?),  n. (Mus.) An old instrument of the lute or cittern
   kind. [Spelt also orpheoreon.]


   Or*phe"an  (?),  a.  [L.  Orphus, Gr. Of or pertaining to Orpheus, the
   mythic poet and musician; as, Orphean strains. Cowper.


   Or"phe*line  (?),  n.  [F.  orphelin.  See  Orphan.] An orphan. [Obs.]


   Or"phe*us  (?),  n.  [L.  Orpheus,  Gr.  (Gr. Myth.) The famous mythic
   Thracian  poet,  son of the Muse Calliope, and husband of Eurydice. He
   is  reputed to have had power to entrance beasts and inanimate objects
   by the music of his lyre.


   Or"phic  (?), a. [L. Orphicus, Gr. Pertaining to Orpheus; Orphean; as,
   Orphic hymns.


   Or"phrey  (?),  n. [See Orfrays.] A band of rich embroidery, wholly or
   in   part   of   gold,  affixed  to  vestments,  especially  those  of
   ecclesiastics. Pugin.


   Or"pi*ment  (?),  n. [F., fr. L. auripigmentum; aurum gold + pigmentum
   pigment.   Cf.  Aureate,  Pigment,  Orpin,  Orpine.]  (Chem.)  Arsenic
   sesquisulphide,  produced  artificially  as  an  amorphous lemonyellow
   powder,  and  occurring  naturally as a yellow crystalline mineral; --
   formerly  called  auripigment.  It  is used in king's yellow, in white
   Indian fire, and in certain technical processes, as indigo printing.

     Our orpiment and sublimed mercurie. Chaucer.

   Red  orpiment,  realgar;  the  red  sulphide  of  arsenic.  --  Yellow
   orpiment, king's yellow.


   Or"pin, n. [F., orpiment, also, the plant orpine. See Orpiment.]

   1.  A yellow pigment of various degrees of intensity, approaching also
   to red.

   2. (Bot.) The orpine.


   Or"pine  (?),  n. [F. orpin the genus of plants which includes orpine;
   --  so  called  from  the  yellow  blossoms of a common species (Sedum
   acre).  See  Orpiment.]  (Bot.)  A low plant with fleshy leaves (Sedum
   telephium),  having  clusters  of  purple flowers. It is found on dry,
   sandy places, and on old walls, in England, and has become naturalized
   in  America.  Called  also  stonecrop, and live-forever. [Written also


   Or"rach (?), n. See Orach.


   Or"re*ry  (?), n.; pl. Orreries (#). [So named in honor of the Earl of
   Orrery.]  An  apparatus  which illustrates, by the revolution of balls
   moved  by  wheelwork,  the relative size, periodic motions, positions,
   orbits, etc., of bodies in the solar system.


   Or"ris (?), n. [Prob. corrupted from It. ireos iris. See Iris.] (Bot.)
   A  plant  of the genus Iris (I. Florentina); a kind of flower-de-luce.
   Its  rootstock  has  an  odor  resembling  that  of violets. Orris pea
   (Med.), an issue pea made from orris root. -- Orris root, the fragrant
   rootstock of the orris.


   Or"ris (?), n.

   1.  [Contr.  from  orfrays,  or  from arras.] A sort of gold or silver
   lace. Johnson.

   2.  A  peculiar  pattern  in which gold lace or silver lace is worked;
   especially, one in which the edges are ornamented with conical figures
   placed at equal distances, with spots between them.

                               Orsedew, Orsedue

   Orse"dew (?), Or"se*due (?), n. Leaf metal of bronze; Dutch metal. See
   under Dutch.


   Or`seille" (?), n. [F.] See Archil.


   Or*sel"lic  (?),  a.  [From  F.  orseille archil. See Archil.] (Chem.)
   Pertaining  to,  or designating, an acid found in certain lichens, and
   called also lecanoric acid. [Formerly written also orseillic.]


   Or`sel*lin"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Pertaining  to,  or  designating, an
   organic acid obtained by a partial decomposition of orsellic acid as a
   white crystalline substance, and related to protocatechuic acid.


   Ort (?), n.; pl. Orts (#). [Akin to LG. ort, ortels, remnants of food,
   refuse,  OFries.  ort, OD. oorete, ooraete; prob. from the same prefix
   as  in  E.  ordeal  +  a word akin to eat.] A morsel left at a meal; a
   fragment; refuse; -- commonly used in the plural. Milton.

     Let him have time a beggar's orts to crave. Shak.


   Or`ta*lid"i*an (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous small two-winged
   flies  of  the family Ortalid\'91. The larv\'91 of many of these flies
   live in fruit; those of others produce galls on various plants.


   Or"thid (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A brachiopod shell of the genus Orthis, and
   allied genera, of the family Orthid\'91.


   Or"this  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  extinct  genus  of
   Brachiopoda, abundant in the Paleozoic rocks.


   Or"thite  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Min.)  A  variety  of allanite occurring in
   slender prismatic crystals.


   Or"tho- (?). [Gr. upright, vrdh to grow, to cause to grow.]

   1.  A  combining  form  signifying  straight, right, upright, correct,
   regular; as, orthodromy, orthodiagonal, orthodox, orthographic.

   2.  (Chem.) A combining form (also used adjectively), designating: (a)
   (Inorganic Chem.) The one of several acids of the same element (as the
   phosphoric  acids),  which actually occurs with the greatest number of
   hydroxyl  groups;  as,  orthophosphoric acid. Cf. Normal. (b) (Organic
   Chem.)  Connection  with,  or  affinity  to, one variety of isomerism,
   characteristic  of  the benzene compounds; -- contrasted with meta- or
   para-;  as,  the  ortho  position;  hence,  designating  any substance
   showing such isomerism; as, an ortho compound.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e graphic representation of the benzene nucleus
     (see  Benzene  nucleus,  under Benzene), provisionally adopted, any
     substance exhibiting double substitution in adjacent and contiguous
     carbon  atoms,  as  1  &  2,  3  & 4, 4 & 5, etc., is designated by
     ortho-;  as,  orthoxylene; any substance exhibiting substitution of
     two  carbon atoms with one intervening, as 1 & 3, 2 & 4, 3 & 5, 4 &
     6,  etc.,  by  meta-;  as,  resorcin  or  metaxylene; any substance
     exhibiting  substitution in opposite parts, as 1 & 4, 2 & 5, 3 & 6,
     by para-; as, hydroquinone or paraxylene.


   Or`tho*car*bon"ic  (?),  a. [Ortho- + carbonic.] (Chem.) Designating a
   complex ether, C.(OC2H5)4, which is obtained as a liquid of a pleasant
   ethereal  odor  by  means  of  chlorpicrin,  and  is  believed to be a
   derivative of the hypothetical normal carbonic acid, C.(OH)4.


   Or`tho*cen"ter  (?), n. [Ortho- + center.] (Geom.) That point in which
   the  three  perpendiculars let fall from the angles of a triangle upon
   the opposite sides, or the sides produced, mutually intersect.


   Or*thoc"e*ras  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Paleon.) An extinct genus of
   Paleozoic  Cephalopoda,  having  a  long, straight, conical shell. The
   interior is divided into numerous chambers by transverse septa.


   Or`tho*cer"a*tite  (?),  n.  [Ortho-  +  Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An orthoceras;
   also, any fossil shell allied to Orthoceras.


   Or"tho*clase  (?),  n.  [Ortho- + Gr. (Min.) Common or potash feldspar
   crystallizing  in  the  monoclinic  system and having two cleavages at
   right angles to each other. See Feldspar.


   Or`tho*clas"tic  (?), a. (Crystallog.) Breaking in directions at right
   angles to each other; -- said of the monoclinic feldspars.


   Or`tho*di*ag"o*nal  (?),  n.  [Ortho-  +  diagonal.] (Crystallog.) The
   diagonal  or  lateral  axis  in a monoclinic crystal which is at right
   angles with the vertical axis.


   Or"tho*dome  (?), n. [Ortho- + dome.] (Crystallog.) See the Note under
   Dome, 4.


   Or"tho*dox (?), a. [L. orthodoxus, Gr. orthodoxe. See Ortho-, Dogma.]

   1.  Sound  in  opinion  or doctrine, especially in religious doctrine;
   hence,  holding the Christian faith; believing the doctrines taught in
   the Scriptures; -- opposed to heretical and heterodox; as, an orthodox

   2.  According  or congruous with the doctrines of Scripture, the creed
   of  a  church,  the  decree of a council, or the like; as, an orthodox
   opinion, book, etc.

   3. Approved; conventional.

     He saluted me on both cheeks in the orthodox manner. H. R. Haweis.

     NOTE: &hand; The term orthodox differs in its use among the various
     Christian  communions.  The  Greek  Church  styles itself the "Holy
     Orthodox   Apostolic   Church,"   regarding  all  other  bodies  of
     Christians  as  more  or  less heterodox. The Roman Catholic Church
     regards the Protestant churches as heterodox in many points. In the
     United  States  the term orthodox is frequently used with reference
     to divergent views on the doctrine of the Trinity. Thus it has been
     common  to  speak  of  the  Trinitarian  Congregational churches in
     distinction  from  the  Unitarian,  as  Orthodox.  The name is also
     applied  to the conservative, in distinction from the "liberal", or
     Hicksite, body in the Society of Friends.

   Schaff-Herzog Encyc.

   Page 1014


   Or"tho*dox`al (?), a. Pertaining to, or evincing, orthodoxy; orthodox.
   [R.] Milton.


   Or`tho*dox*al"i*ty (?), n. Orthodoxness. [R.]


   Or"tho*dox`al*ly (?), adv. Orthodoxly. [R.] Milton


   Or`tho*dox*as"tic*al (?), a. Orthodox. [Obs.]


   Or`tho*dox"ic*al  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to,  or  evincing,  orthodoxy;


   Or"tho*dox`ly  (?),  adv.  In  an  orthodox  manner; with soundness of
   faith. Sir W. Hamilton.


   Or"tho*dox`ness, n. The quality or state of being orthodox; orthodoxy.


   Or"tho*dox`y (?), n. [Gr. orthodoxie. See Orthodox.]

   1.  Soundness  of  faith;  a  belief  in  the  doctrines taught in the
   Scriptures,  or  in  some established standard of faith; -- opposed to
   heterodoxy or to heresy.

     Basil   himself   bears  full  and  clear  testimony  to  Gregory's
     orthodoxy. Waterland.

   2.  Consonance  to  genuine  Scriptural  doctrines;  --  said of moral
   doctrines and beliefs; as, the orthodoxy of a creed.

   3. By extension, said of any correct doctrine or belief.


   Or`tho*drom"ic (?), a. [Ortho- + Gr. Of or pertaining to orthodromy.


   Or`tho*drom"ics  (?),  n. The art of sailing in a direct course, or on
   the  arc of a great circle, which is the shortest distance between any
   two  points  on  the  surface  of  the  globe;  great-circle  sailing;


   Or"tho*drom`y  (?), n. [Cf. F. orthodromie.] The act or art of sailing
   on a great circle.

                         Ortho\'89pic, Ortho\'89pical

   Or`tho*\'89p"ic  (?),  Or`tho*\'89p"ic*al  (?), a. Of or pertaining to
   ortho\'89py, or correct pronunciation. -- Or`tho*\'89p"ic*al*ly, adv.


   Or"tho*\'89*pist (?), n. One who is skilled in ortho\'89py.


   Or"tho*\'89*py  (?),  n. [Gr. ortho\'82pie. See Ortho-, and Epic.] The
   art  of  uttering  words  corectly;  a correct pronunciation of words;
   also, mode of pronunciation.


   Or*thog"a*my  (?),  n.  [Ortho-  +  Gr. (Bot.) Direct fertilization in
   plants,  as  when  the  pollen  fertilizing  the ovules comes from the
   stamens of the same blossom; -- opposed to heterogamy.


   Or`thog*nath"ic (?), a. Orthognathous.


   Or*thog"na*thism  (?),  n.  (Anat.)  The  quality  or  state  of being
   orthognathous. Huxley.


   Or*thog"na*thous (?), a. [Ortho- + Gr. (Anat.) Having the front of the
   head,  or  the  skull,  nearly perpendicular, not retreating backwards
   above  the  jaws;  -- opposed to prognathous. See Gnathic index, under


   Or"tho*gon  (?), n. [Ortho- + Gr. orthogone, a.] (Geom.) A rectangular


   Or*thog"o*nal  (?), a. [Cf. F. orthogonal.] Right-angled; rectangular;
   as,  an  orthogonal intersection of one curve with another. Orthogonal
   projection. See under Orthographic.


   Or*thog"o*nal*ly,  adv.  Perpendicularly; at right angles; as, a curve
   cuts a set of curves orthogonally.


   Or*thog"ra*pher  (?),  n.  One  versed  in orthography; one who spells
   words correctly.

                         Orthographic, Orthographical

   Or`tho*graph"ic    (?),    Or`tho*graph"ic*al    (?),   a.   [Cf.   F.
   orthographique, L. orthographus, Gr.

   1.  Of  or pertaining to orthography, or right spelling; also, correct
   in spelling; as, orthographical rules; the letter was orthographic.

   2. (Geom.) Of or pertaining to right lines or angles.
   Orthographic  OR Orthogonal, projection, that projection which is made
   by  drawing  lines, from every point to be projected, perpendicular to
   the  plane  of  projection. Such a projection of the sphere represents
   its  circles as seen in perspective by an eye supposed to be placed at
   an  infinite  distance,  the  plane  of projection passing through the
   center of the sphere perpendicularly to the line of sight.


   Or`tho*graph"ic*al*ly, adv. In an orthographical manner: (a) according
   to  the  rules  of  proper  spelling;  (b)  according  to orthographic


   Or*thog"ra*phist   (?),   n.   One  who  spells  words  correctly;  an


   Or*thog"ra*phize  (?), v. t. To spell correctly or according to usage;
   to correct in regard to spelling.

     In the coalesced into ith, which modern reaction has orthographized
     to i' th'. Earle.


   Or*thog"ra*phy   (?),   n.  [OE.  ortographie,  OF.  orthographie,  L.
   orthographia, Gr. Ortho-, and Graphic.]

   1.  The  art  or  practice  of  writing words with the proper letters,
   according  to  standard  usage; conventionally correct spelling; also,
   mode of spelling; as, his orthography is vicious.

     When  spelling no longer follows the pronunciation, but is hardened
     into orthography. Earle.

   2.  The part of grammar which treats of the letters, and of the art of
   spelling words correctly.

   3.  A  drawing  in  correct  projection,  especially an elevation or a
   vertical section.


   Or*thol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  orthologie.]  The  right  description of
   things. [R.] Fotherby.


   Or`tho*met"ric (?), a. [See Orthometry.] (Crystallog.) Having the axes
   at  right  angles  to  one another; -- said of crystals or crystalline


   Or*thom"e*try  (?),  n.  [Ortho-  +  -metry.]  The  art or practice of
   constructing verses correctly; the laws of correct versification.


   Or`tho*mor"phic  (?),  a. [Ortho- + morphic.] (Geom.) Having the right
   form. Orthomorphic projection, a projection in which the angles in the
   figure  to  be  projected are equal to the corresponding angles in the
   projected figure.

                           Orthopedic, Orthopedical

   Or`tho*ped"ic  (?),  Or`tho*ped"ic*al (?), a. (Med.) Pertaining to, or
   employed  in,  orthopedy;  relating  to  the  prevention  or  cure  of
   deformities of children, or, in general, of the human body at any age;
   as, orthopedic surgery; an orthopedic hospital.


   Or*thop"e*dist  (?),  n.  (Med.)  One who prevents, cures, or remedies
   deformities, esp. in children.


   Or*thop"e*dy  (?),  n.  [Ortho-  +  Gr.  (Med.) The art or practice of
   curing  the deformities of children, or, by extension, any deformities
   of the human body.


   Or*thoph"o*ny  (?),  n. [Ortho- + Gr. The art of correct articulation;
   voice training.


   Or`tho*pin"a*coid  (?),  n.  [Ortho- + pinacoid.] (Crystallog.) A name
   given to the two planes in the monoclinic system which are parallel to
   the vertical and orthodiagonal axes.

 Orthopn Or`thop*n (?), Or*thop"ny (?), n. [L. orthopnoea, Gr. orthopn\'82e.]
 (Med.) Specifically, a morbid condition in which respiration can be performed
     only in an erect posture; by extension, any difficulty of breathing.


   Or*thop"o*da  (?),  n.  pl. [NL. See Ortho-, and -poda.] (Zo\'94l.) An
   extinct  order  of  reptiles  which  stood erect on the hind legs, and
   resembled birds in the structure of the feet, pelvis, and other parts.


   Or"tho*prax`y  (?), n. [Gr. (Med.) The treatment of deformities in the
   human body by mechanical appliances.


   Or*thop"te*ra  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  An order of
   mandibulate insects including grasshoppers, locusts, cockroaches, etc.
   See Illust. under Insect.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e an terior wings are usually thickened and protect
     the  posterior wings, which are larger and fold longitudinally like
     a fan. The Orthoptera undergo no metamorphosis.


   Or*thop"ter*an (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Orthoptera.


   Or*thop"ter*ous (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Orthoptera.


   Or`tho*rhom"bic  (?),  a. [Ortho- + rhombic.] (Crystallog.) Noting the
   system of crystallization which has three unequal axes at right angles
   to each other; trimetric. See Crystallization.


   Or"tho*scope  (?),  n.  [Ortho-  +  -scope.]  (Physyol.) An instrument
   designed to show the condition of the superficial portions of the eye.


   Or`tho*scop"ic  (?),  a.  (Opt.)  Giving an image in correct or normal
   proportions; giving a flat field of view; as, an orthoscopic eyepiece.


   Or`tho*si*lic"ic  (?),  a. [Ortho- + silicic.] (Chem.) Designating the
   form  of  silicic acid having the normal or highest number of hydroxyl


   Or`tho*sper"mous  (?),  a.  [Ortho-  +  Gr.  (Bot.)  Having  the seeds
   straight, as in the fruits of some umbelliferous plants; -- opposed to
   c\'d2lospermous. Darwin.


   Or"tho*stade  (?), n. [Gr. (Anc. Costume) A chiton, or loose, ungirded
   tunic, falling in straight folds.


   Or*thos"ti*chy  (?), n.; pl. Orthostichies (#). [Ortho- + Gr. (Bot.) A
   longitudinal rank, or row, of leaves along a stem.


   Or`tho*tom"ic  (?),  a. [Ortho- + Gr. (Geom.) Cutting at right angles.
   Orthotomic  circle (Geom.), that circle which cuts three given circles
   at right angles.


   Or*thot"o*mous  (?),  a.  (Crystallog.)  Having two cleavages at right
   angles with one another.


   Or*thot"o*my (?), n. (Geom.) The property of cutting at right angles.


   Or"tho*tone  (?),  a.  [Ortho- + Gr. (Gr. Gram.) Retaining the accent;
   not  enclitic; -- said of certain indefinite pronouns and adverbs when
   used  interrogatively,  which,  when  not  so  used,  are  ordinarilly

                           Orthotropal, Orthotropous

   Or*thot"ro*pal (?), Or*thot"ro*pous (?), a. [Ortho- + Gr. orthotrope.]
   (Bot.) Having the axis of an ovule or seed straight from the hilum and
   chalaza to the orifice or the micropyle; atropous.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd ha s al so be en us ed (but improperly) to
     describe  any  embryo  whose radicle points towards, or is next to,
     the hilum.


   Or`tho*trop"ic  (?),  a.  [See  Orthotropal.] (Bot.) Having the longer
   axis vertical; -- said of erect stems. Encyc. Brit.


   Or`tho*xy"lene  (?),  n.  [Ortho-  +  xylene.] (Chem.) That variety of
   xylene  in  which  the  two methyl groups are in the ortho position; a
   colorless, liquid, combustible hydrocarbon resembling benzene.


   Or"tive  (?),  a.  [L.  ortivus,  fr.  oriri,  ortus,  to rise: cf. F.
   ortive.] Of or relating to the time or act of rising; eastern; as, the
   ortive amplitude of a planet.


   Or"to*lan  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  It. ortolano ortolan, gardener, fr. L.
   hortulanus  gardener,  fr.  hortulus, dim. of hortus garden. So called
   because it frequents the hedges of gardens. See Yard an inclosure, and
   cf.  Hortulan.]  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  European  singing  bird (Emberiza
   hortulana),  about  the  size  of  the  lark,  with black wings. It is
   esteemed  delicious  food  when  fattened. Called also bunting. (b) In
   England, the wheatear (Saxicola \'d2nanthe). (c) In America, the sora,
   or Carolina rail (Porzana Carolina). See Sora.


   Or"ty*gan  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of several species of East
   Indian  birds  of  the  genera  Ortygis  and Hemipodius. They resemble
   quails, but lack the hind toe. See Turnix.


   Or"val (?), n. [F. orvale.] (Bot.) A kind of sage (Salvia Horminum).


   Or`vet" (?), n. [F.] (Zo\'94l.) The blindworm.


   Or`vi*e"tan  (?),  n.  [F.  orvi\'82tan:  cf. It. orvietano. So called
   because  invented  at  Orvieto,  in  Italy.]  A  kind  of antidote for
   poisons; a counter poison formerly in vogue. [Obs.]


   -o*ry (?). [L. -orius: cf. F. -oire.]

   1. An adjective suffix meaning of or pertaining to, serving for; as in
   auditory,   pertaining   to   or  serving  for  hearing;  prohibitory,
   amendatory, etc.

   2.  [L.  -orium:  cf.  F.  -oire.]  A  noun suffix denoting that which
   pertains  to,  or  serves for; as in ambulatory, that which serves for
   walking; consistory, factory, etc.

                                 Oryal, Oryall

   O"ry*al (?), O"ry*all (?), n. See Oriel.


   Or"yc*tere (?), n. [Gr. oryct\'8are.] (Zo\'94l.) The aard-vark.


   O*ryc"ter*ope (?), n. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Oryctere.


   Or`yc*tog"no*sy  (?),  n. [Gr. Mineralogy. [Obs.] -- Or`yc*tog*nos"tic
   (#),    a.    --    Or`yc*tog*nos"tic*al    (#),    a.    [Obs.]    --
   Or`yc*tog*nos"tic*al*ly (#), adv. [Obs.]


   Or`yc*tog"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. -graphy.] Description of fossils. [Obs.]


   Or`yc*to*log"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. oryctologique.] Of or pertaining to
   oryctology. [Obs.]


   Or`yc*tol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in oryctology. [Obs.]


   Or`yc*tol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. -logy: cf. F. oryctologie.]

   1. An old name for paleontology.

   2. An old name for mineralogy and geology.


   O"ryx  (?),  n. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of African antelopes
   which  includes  the  gemsbok,  the  leucoryx,  the  bisa antelope (O.
   beisa), and the beatrix antelope (O. beatrix) of Arabia.


   O*ry"za  (?),  n.  [L.,  rice,  Gr.  Rice.]  (Bot.) A genus of grasses
   including the rice plant; rice.


   Os (?), n.; pl. Ossa (#). [L.] A bone.


   Os, n.; pl. Ora (#). [L.] A mouth; an opening; an entrance.


   Os  (?),  n.;  pl.  Osar  (#).  [Sw.  \'86s ridge, chain of hills, pl.
   \'86sar.] (Geol.) One of the ridges of sand or gravel found in Sweden,
   etc.,  supposed by some to be of marine origin, but probably formed by
   subglacial  waters.  The osar are similar to the kames of Scotland and
   the eschars of Ireland. See Eschar.

                                 Osage orange

   O"sage or"ange (?). (Bot.) An ornamental tree of the genus Maclura (M.
   aurantiaca),  closely allied to the mulberry (Morus); also, its fruit.
   The  tree  was  first  found  in the country of the Osage Indians, and
   bears  a hard and inedible fruit of an orangelike appearance. See Bois


   O*sa"ges  (?),  n.  pl.;  sing. Osage (. (Ethnol.) A tribe of southern
   Sioux Indians, now living in the Indian Territory.


   O*san"ne (?), n. Hosanna. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   O"sar (?), n. pl. (Geol.) See 3d Os.


   Os"can  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to the Osci, a primitive people of
   Campania, a province of ancient Italy. -- n. The language of the Osci.


   Os"cil*lan*cy  (?),  n.  The  state  of  oscillating; a seesaw kind of
   motion. [R.]


   Os`cil*la"ri*a  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  L. oscillare to swing.] (Bot.) A
   genus  of  dark  green,  or  purplish  black, filamentous, fresh-water
   alg\'91,  the  threads  of which have an automatic swaying or crawling
   motion. Called also Oscillatoria.


   Os"cil*late  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Oscillated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Oscillating  (?).]  [L.  oscillare  to  swing, fr. oscillum a swing, a
   little  mask  or  puppet  made  to be hung from trees and swing in the
   wind, prob. orig., a little mouth, a dim. from os mouth. See Oral, and
   cf. Osculate.]

   1. To move backward and forward; to vibrate like a pendulum; to swing;
   to sway.

   2.  To  vary  or  fluctuate  between fixed limits; to act or move in a
   fickle or fluctuating manner; to change repeatedly, back and forth.

     The  amount  of  superior  families oscillates rather than changes,
     that is, it fluctuates within fixed limits. Dc Quincey.

   Page 1015


   Os"cil*la`ting   (?),   a.   That   oscillates;  vibrating;  swinging.
   Oscillating  engine,  a  steam  engine  whose  cylinder  oscillates on
   trunnions  instead  of  being  permanently fixed in a perpendicular or
   other direction. Weale.


   Os`cil*la"tion (?), n. [L. oscillatio a swinging.]

   1.  The act of oscillating; a swinging or moving backward and forward,
   like a pendulum; vibration.

   2. Fluctuation; variation; change back and forth.

     His  mind  oscillated,  undoubtedly;  but the extreme points of the
     oscillation were not very remote. Macaulay.

   Axis  of  oscillation,  Center  of  oscillation.  See  under Axis, and


   Os"cil*la*tive  (?),  a.  Tending  to  oscillate;  vibratory.  [R.] I.


   Os`cil*la*to"ri*a  (?),  n.  pl. [NL. See Oscillatory.] (Bot.) Same as


   Os"cil*la*to*ry  (?), a. [Cf. F. oscillatoire. See Oscillate.] Moving,
   or  characterized  by  motion,  backward  and forward like a pendulum;
   swinging; oscillating; vibratory; as, oscillatory motion.


   Os"cine (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Relating to the Oscines.


   Os"ci*nes  (?),  n. pl. [L. oscen, -inis.] (Zo\'94l.) Singing birds; a
   group  of  the Passeres, having numerous syringeal muscles, conferring
   musical ability.


   Os*cin"i*an (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Oscines, or singing birds.


   Os*cin"i*an,  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of numerous species of dipterous
   files of the family Oscinid\'91.

     NOTE: &hand; So me, wh ose la rv\'91 li ve in  the stalks, are very
     destructive  to  barley,  wheat, and rye; others, as the barley fly
     (Oscinis frit), destroy the heads of grain.


   Os"ci*nine (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Oscines.


   Os"ci*tan*cy (?), n. [See Oscitant.]

   1. The act of gaping or yawning.

   2. Drowsiness; dullness; sluggishness. Hallam.

     It might proceed from the oscitancy of transcribers. Addison.


   Os"ci*tant  (?),  a.  [L. oscitans, -antis, p. pr. of oscitare: cf. F.

   1. Yawning; gaping.

   2. Sleepy; drowsy; dull; sluggish; careless.

     He must not be oscitant, but intent on his charge. Barrow.


   Os"ci*tant*ly, adv. In an oscitant manner.


   Os"ci*tate  (?), v. i. [L. oscitare; os the mouth + citare, v. intens.
   fr. ciere to move.] To gape; to yawn.


   Os`ci*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L. oscitatio: cf. F. oscitation.] The act of
   yawning or gaping. Addison.


   Os"cu*lant  (?),  a. [L. osculans, -antis, p. pr. of osculari to kiss.
   See Osculate.]

   1. Kissing; hence, meeting; clinging.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Adhering  closely;  embracing;  --  applied to certain
   creeping animals, as caterpillars.

   3.  (Biol.)  Intermediate  in character, or on the border, between two
   genera,  groups,  families,  etc., of animals or plants, and partaking
   somewhat  of  the  characters of each, thus forming a connecting link;
   interosculant;  as,  the  genera by which two families approximate are
   called osculant genera.


   Os"cu*late  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Osculated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Osculating.]  [L.  osculatus, p. p. of osculari to kiss, fr. osculum a
   little mouth, a kiss, dim. of os mouth. See Oral, and cf. Oscillate.]

   1. To kiss.

   2.  (Geom.)  To touch closely, so as to have a common curvature at the
   point of contact. See Osculation, 2.


   Os"cu*late, v. i.

   1. To kiss one another; to kiss.

   2. (Geom.) To touch closely. See Osculation, 2.

   3.  (Biol.)  To have characters in common with two genera or families,
   so  as  to  form a connecting link between them; to interosculate. See


   Os`cu*la"tion (?), n. [L. osculatio a kissing: cf. F. osculation.]

   1. The act of kissing; a kiss.

   2.  (Geom.)  The contact of one curve with another, when the number of
   consecutive  points  of  the  latter  through  which the former passes
   suffices  for the complete determination of the former curve. Brande &


   Os"cu*la*to*ry (?), a.

   1.  Of  or  pertaining to kissing; kissing. "The osculatory ceremony."

   2.  (Geom.) Pertaining to, or having the properties of, an osculatrix;
   capable of osculation; as, a circle may be osculatory with a curve, at
   a given point.
   Osculatory  circle.  (Geom.)  See  Osculating circle of a curve, under
   Circle.  -- Osculatory plane (to a curve of double curvature), a plane
   which  passes  through  three  successive  points  of  the  curve.  --
   Osculatory  sphere  (to  a line of double curvature), a sphere passing
   through four consecutive points of the curve.


   Os"cu*la*to*ry,  n. [LL. osculatorium. See Osculate.] (R. C. Ch.) Same
   as Pax, 2.


   Os`cu*la"trix  (?),  n.;  pl.  Osculatrixes (#). [NL.] (Geom.) A curve
   whose  contact  with  a  given curve, at a given point, is of a higher
   order  (or  involves  the  equality  of a greater number of successive
   differential coefficients of the ordinates of the curves taken at that
   point) than that of any other curve of the same kind.


   Os"cule  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. oscule. See Osculum.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the
   excurrent apertures of sponges.


   Os"cu*lum  (?),  n.;  pl. Oscula (#). [L., a little mouth.] (Zo\'94l.)
   Same as Oscule.


   -ose (?). [L. -osus: cf. F. -ose. Cf. -ous.]

   1.  A  suffix  denoting  full of, containing, having the qualities of,
   like;  as  in  verbose,  full of words; pilose, hairy; globose, like a

   2.  (Chem.) A suffix indicating that the substance to the name of wich
   it  is affixed is a member of the carbohydrate group; as in cellulose,
   sucrose, dextrose, etc.


   O"sier  (?), n. [F. osier: cf. Prov. F. oisis, Armor. ozil, aozil, Gr.
   vitex,  and  E.  withy.] (Bot.) (a) A kind of willow (Salix viminalis)
   growing  in  wet  places in Europe and Asia, and introduced into North
   America. It is considered the best of the willows for basket work. The
   name  is  sometimes  given to any kind of willow. (b) One of the long,
   pliable twigs of this plant, or of other somilar plants.

     The rank of osiers by the murmuring stream. Shak.

   Osier  bed,  OR Osier holt, a place where willows are grown for basket
   making.  [Eng.]  -- Red osier. (a) A kind of willow with reddish twigs
   (Salix  rubra).  (b)  An American shrub (Cornus stolonifera) which has
   slender red branches; -- also called osier cornel.


   O"sier,  a.  Made of osiers; composed of, or containing, osiers. "This
   osier cage of ours." Shak. 


   O"siered  (?),  a.  Covered or adorned with osiers; as, osiered banks.
   [Poetic] Collins.


   O"sier*y (?), n. An osier bed.


   O*si"ris  (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. (Myth.) One of the principal divinities
   of  Egypt,  the brother and husband of Isis. He was figured as a mummy
   wearing the royal cap of Upper Egypt, and was symbolized by the sacred
   bull, called Apis. Cf. Serapis. -- O*sir"i*an (#), a.


   Os"man*li  (?),  n.;  pl.  Osmanlis  (#).  [So  called from Osman. See
   Ottoman.]  A  Turkish  official;  one  of the dominant tribe of Turks;
   loosely, any Turk.


   Os"mate  (?),  n. (Chem.) A salt of osmic acid. [Formerly written also


   Os`ma*te"ri*um  (?),  n.;  pl. Osmateria (#). [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.)
   One  of  a  pair  of  scent  organs  which  the  larv\'91  of  certain
   butterflies emit from the first body segment, either above or below.


   Os"ma*zome (?), n. [Gr. osmaz\'93me.] (Old Chem.) A substance formerly
   supposed  to  give  to  soup  and broth their characteristic odor, and
   probably  consisting  of  one  or  several of the class of nitrogenous
   substances which are called extractives.


   Os`mi*am"ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of osmiamic acid.


   Os`mi*am"ic  (?),  a.  [Osmium + amido.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or
   designating,  a  nitrogenous  acid  of  osmium,  H2N2Os2O5,  forming a
   well-known series of yellow salts.


   Os"mic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Pertaining to, derived from, or containing,
   osmium;  specifically,  designating  those compounds in which it has a
   valence  higher  than in other lower compounds; as, osmic oxide. Osmic
   acid.  (Chem.)  (a)  Osmic tetroxide. [Obs.] (b) Osmic acid proper, an
   acid  analogous  to  sulphuric  acid, not known in the free state, but
   forming  a well-known and stable series of salts (osmates), which were
   formerly  improperly  called  osmites.  --  Osmic tetroxide (Chem.), a
   white  volatile  crystalline  substance,  OsO4,  the  most  stable and
   characteristic of the compounds of osmium. It has a burning taste, and
   gives  off  a  vapor,  which  is a powerful irritant poison, violently
   attacking  the eyes, and emitting a strong chlorinelike odor. Formerly
   improperly called osmic acid.


   Os`mi*dro"sis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  from Gr. (Med.) The secretion of fetid


   Os"mi*ous  (?), a. (Chem.) Denoting those compounds of osmium in which
   the  element  has  a  valence  relatively  lower  than  in  the  osmic
   compounds;  as,  osmious chloride. [Written also osmous.] Osmious acid
   (Chem.),  an  acid  derived from osmium, analogous to sulphurous acid,
   and forming unstable salts. It is a brown amorphous substance.


   Os"mite (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of osmious acid.


   Os"mi*um  (?),  n.  [Gr. Odor.] (Chem.) A rare metallic element of the
   platinum  group,  found  native  as  an  alloy in platinum ore, and in
   iridosmine.  It  is  a hard, infusible, bluish or grayish white metal,
   and   the   heaviest   substance  known.  Its  tetroxide  is  used  in
   histological  experiments  to  stain tissues. Symbol Os. Atomic weight
   191.1. Specific gravity 22.477.


   Os*mom"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -meter.]  (Physics)  An  instrument  for
   measuring the amount of osmotic action in different liquids.


   Os*mom"e*try  (?),  n.  (Physics)  The study of osmose by means of the


   Os"mose  (?), n. [Gr. (Chemical Physics) (a) The tendency in fluids to
   mix,  or  become  equably  diffused,  when  in  contact.  It was first
   observed  between  fluids  of differing densities, and as taking place
   through  a membrane or an intervening porous structure. The more rapid
   flow  from the thinner to the thicker fluid was then called endosmose,
   and the opposite, slower current, exosmose. Both are, however, results
   of  the  same  force.  Osmose  may  be regarded as a form of molecular
   attraction,  allied  to  that  of adhesion. (b) The action produced by
   this  tendency.<--  preferred  term = osmosis, endosmosis --> Electric
   osmose,  OR Electric endosmose (Elec.), the transportation of a liquid
   through a porous septum by the action of an electric current.


   Os*mo"sis (?), n. [NL.] Osmose.


   Os*mot"ic  (?),  a.  Pertaining to, or having the property of, osmose;
   as, osmotic force.


   Os"mund (?), n. (Bot.) A fern of the genus Osmunda, or flowering fern.
   The  most  remarkable  species  is  the  osmund  royal,  or royal fern
   (Osmunda  regalis),  which grows in wet or boggy places, and has large
   bipinnate  fronds,  often  with  a panicle of capsules at the top. The
   rootstock  contains  much  starch,  and  has  been  used in stiffening
   linen.<-- used as a substrate for growing orchids -->


   Os"na*burg  (?),  n.  A  species  of  coarse linen, originally made in
   Osnaburg, Germany.


   O"so-ber`ry  (?),  n.  (Bot.) The small, blueblack, drupelike fruit of
   the   Nuttallia  cerasiformis,  a  shrub  of  Oregon  and  California,
   belonging to the Cherry tribe of Rosace\'91.


   Os*phra"di*um (?), n.; pl. Osphradia (#). [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The
   olfactory  organ  of  some Mollusca. It is connected with the organ of

                                Osprey, Ospray

   Os"prey,  Os"pray  (?),  n.  [Through OF. fr. L. ossifraga (orig., the
   bone breaker); prob. influenced by oripelargus (mountain stork, a kind
   of  eagle,  Gr. orpres, and F. orfraie. See Ossifrage.] (Zo\'94l.) The


   Oss  (?), v. i. [See Osse, n.] To prophesy; to presage. [R. & Obs.] R.


   Osse  (?),  n.  [Gr.  A  prophetic  or  ominous utterance. [R. & Obs.]


   Os"se*an (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A fish having a bony skeleton; a teleost.


   Os"se*in  (?),  n. [L. os bone.] (Physiol. Chem.) The organic basis of
   bone  tissue;  the  residue  after removal of the mineral matters from
   bone  by  dilute acid; in embryonic tissue, the substance in which the
   mineral  salts  are  deposited  to  form  bone; -- called also ostein.
   Chemically it is the same as collagen.


   Os"se*let (?), n. [F.]

   1. A little bone.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The internal bone, or shell, of a cuttlefish.


   Os"se*ous  (?), a. [L. osseus, from os, ossis bone; akin to Gr. asthi.
   Cf.  Oyster.]  Composed  of  bone; resembling bone; capable of forming
   bone; bony; ossific.


   Os"se*ter  (?),  n.  [Russ,  osetr' sturgeon.] (Zo\'94l.) A species of


   Os`si*an"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to, or characteristic of, Ossian,
   a legendary Erse or Celtic bard.

     The compositions might be fairly classed as Ossianic. G. Eliot.


   Os"si*cle (?), n. [L. ossiculum, dim. of os, ossis, a bone.]

   1.  A  little  bone;  as, the auditory ossicles in the tympanum of the

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) One of numerous small calcareous structures forming the
   skeleton of certain echinoderms, as the starfishes.


   Os*sic"u*la`ted (?), a. Having small bones.


   Os*sic"u*lum   (?),  n.;  pl.  Ossicula  (#).  [L.,  a  little  bone.]
   (Zo\'94l.) Same as Ossicle.


   Os*sif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  os,  ossis,  a  bone  +  -ferous: cf. F.
   ossif\'8are.] Containing or yielding bone.


   Os*sif"ic  (?),  a.  [L.  os,  ossis,  bone  +  facere to make: cf. F.
   ossifique.  See  Fact.] Capable of producing bone; having the power to
   change cartilage or other tissue into bone.


   Os`si*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. ossification. See Ossify.]

   1.  (Physiol.) The formation of bone; the process, in the growth of an
   animal,  by  which inorganic material (mainly lime salts) is deposited
   in cartilage or membrane, forming bony tissue; ostosis.

     NOTE: &hand; Be sides th e na tural ossification of growing tissue,
     there  is  the  so-called  accidental  ossification which sometimes
     follows  certain  abnormal conditions, as in the ossification of an

   2.  The  state of being changed into a bony substance; also, a mass or
   point of ossified tissue.


   Os"si*fied  (?),  a.  Changed  to  bone  or something resembling bone;
   hardened  by  deposits  of  mineral  matter  of  any  kind; -- said of


   Os"si*frage  (?), n. [L. ossifraga, ossifragus, osprey, fr. ossifragus
   bone  breaking;  os,  ossis, a bone + frangere, fractum, to break. See
   Osseous,  Break,  and  cf.  Osprey,  Ossifragous.]  (Zo\'94l.) (a) The
   lammergeir. (b) The young of the sea eagle or bald eagle. [Obs.]


   Os*sif"ra*gous  (?),  a.  [L.  ossifragus.  See Ossifrage.] Serving to
   break bones; bone-breaking.


   Os"si*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Ossified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ossifying  (?).]  [L.  os,  ossis,  bone  +  -fy: cf. F. ossifier. See

   1.  (Physiol.)  To  form  into  bone;  to  change  from  a soft animal
   substance into bone, as by the deposition of lime salts.

   2. Fig.: To harden; as, to ossify the heart. Ruskin.


   Os"si*fy,  v.  i.  (Physiol.)  To  become  bone; to change from a soft
   tissue to a hard bony tissue.


   Os"si*fy`ing (?), a. (Physiol.) Changing into bone; becoming bone; as,
   the ossifying process.


   Os*siv"o*rous  (?),  a. [L. os, ossis, bone + vorare to devour: cf. F.
   ossivore.]  Feeding on bones; eating bones; as, ossivorous quadrupeds.


   Os"spring*er (?), n. The osprey. [R.]


   Os`su*a"ri*um (?), n. [L.] A charnel house; an ossuary. Walpole.


   Os"su*a*ry  (?), n.; pl. -ries (#). [L. ossuarium, fr. ossuarius of or
   bones,  fr. os, ossis, bone: cf. F. ossuaire.] A place where the bones
   of the dead are deposited; a charnel house. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Ost (?), n. See Oast.


   Os"te*al (?), a. [Gr. Osseous.


   Os"te*in (?), n. [Gr. Ossein.


   Os`te*i"tis  (?),  n. [NL. See Osteo-, and -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation
   of bone.


   Os"tel*er (?), n. Same as Hosteler. Wyclif.


   Os*tend"  (?),  v. t. [L. ostendere to show.] To exhibit; to manifest.

     Mercy to mean offenders we'll ostend. J. Webster.


   Os*ten`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being ostensible.


   Os*ten"si*ble  (?),  a. [From L. ostensus, p. p. of ostendere to show,
   prop.,  to  stretch  out  before;  fr. prefix obs- (old form of ob-) +
   tendere to stretch. See Tend.]

   1.  Capable  of  being  shown;  proper  or  intended to be shown. [R.]

   2.  Shown;  exhibited; declared; avowed; professed; apparent; -- often
   used  as  opposed to real or actual; as, an ostensible reason, motive,
   or aim. D. Ramsay.

   Page 1016


   Os*ten"si*bly   (?),   adv.   In   an   ostensible  manner;  avowedly;
   professedly; apparently. Walsh.

     Ostensibly,  we  were intended to prevent filibustering into Texas,
     but really as a menace to Mexico. U. S. Grant.


   Os*ten"sion  (?),  n.  [L.  ostensio  a showing: cf. F. ostension. See
   Ostend.]  (Eccl.)  The  showing of the sacrament on the altar in order
   that it may receive the adoration of the communicants.


   Os*ten"sive  (?),  a.  Showing;  exhibiting.  Ostensive  demonstration
   (Math.),  a  direct  or  positive  demonstration,  as  opposed  to the
   apagogical or indirect method.
   Os*ten"sive*ly, adv. In an ostensive manner.
                            Ostensorium, Ostensory
   Os`ten*so"ri*um  (?),  Os*ten"so*ry  (?),  n.;  pl.  L. -soria (#), E.
   -sories  (#). [NL. ostensorium: cf. F. ostensoir. See Ostensible.] (R.
   C. Ch.) Same as Monstrance.
   Os"tent  (?), n. [L. ostentus, ostentum, fr. ostendere (p. p. ostensus
   and ostentus) to show. See Ostensible.] 

   1. Appearance; air; mien. Shak.

   2. Manifestation; token; portent. Dryden.

     We  asked  of God that some ostent might clear Our cloudy business,
     who gave us sign. Chapman.


   Os"ten*tate  (?), v. t. [L. ostentatus, p. p. of ostentare, v. intens.
   fr.  ostendere.  See Ostent.] To make an ambitious display of; to show
   or exhibit boastingly. [R.] Jer. Taylor.


   Os`ten*ta"tion (?), n. [L. ostentatio: cf. F. ostentation.]

   1.  The  act  of  ostentating  or  of  making  an  ambitious  display;
   unnecessary  show;  pretentious  parade;  --  usually  in a detractive
   sense. "Much ostentation vain of fleshly arm." Milton.

     He  knew  that  good and bountiful minds were sometimes inclined to
     ostentation. Atterbury.

   2.  A show or spectacle. [Obs.] Shak. Syn. -- Parade; pageantry; show;
   pomp; pompousness; vaunting; boasting. See Parade.


   Os`ten*ta"tious  (?),  a.  Fond  of,  or evincing, ostentation; unduly
   conspicuous; pretentious; boastful.

     Far from being ostentatious of the good you do. Dryden.

     The ostentatious professions of many years. Macaulay.

   -- Os`ten*ta"tious*ly, adv. -- Os`ten*ta"tious*ness, n.


   Os"ten*ta`tor (?), n. [L.] One fond of display; a boaster. Sherwood.


   Os*ten"tive (?), a. Ostentatious. [Obs.]


   Os*ten"tous (?), a. Ostentatious. [Obs.] Feltham.


   Os"te*o-. A combining form of Gr. a bone.


   Os"te*o*blast   (?),   n.  [Osteo-  +  -blast.]  (Anat.)  One  of  the
   protoplasmic  cells  which  occur  in  the  osteogenetic  layer of the
   periosteum,  and  from  or  around  which  the  matrix  of the bone is
   developed; an osteoplast.


   Os`te*o*cla"sis (?), n. [NL. See Osteoclast.] (Surg.) The operation of
   breaking a bone in order to correct deformity.


   Os"te*o*clast (?), n. [Osteo- + Gr.

   1. (Physiol.) A myeloplax.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e os teoclasts oc cur us ually in  pits or cavities
     which  they  appear  to  have  excavated,  and  are  supposed to be
     concerned in the absorption of the bone matrix.

   2. An instrument for performing osteoclasis.


   Os`te*o*col"la (?), n. [Osteo- + Gr.

   1. A kind of glue obtained from bones. Ure.

   2.  A  cellular calc tufa, which in some places forms incrustations on
   the  stems  of  plants,  --  formerly  supposed to have the quality of
   uniting fractured bones.


   Os`te*o*com"ma  (?),  n.; pl. L. Osteocommata (#), E. Osteocommas (#).
   [NL.  See  Osteo-,  and  Comma.]  (Anat.) A metamere of the vertebrate
   skeleton; an osteomere; a vertebra. Owen.


   Os"te*o*cope  (?),  n. [Gr. ost\'82ocope.] (Med.) Pain in the bones; a
   violent fixed pain in any part of a bone. -- Os`te*o*cop"ic (#), a.


   Os`te*o*cra"ni*um  (?),  n.  [Osteo-  +  cranium.]  (Anat.)  The  bony
   cranium, as distinguished from the cartilaginous cranium.


   Os`te*o*den"tine  (?), n. [Osteo- + denite.] (Anat.) A hard substance,
   somewhat  like  bone,  which  is  sometimes  deposited within the pulp
   cavity of teeth.


   Os"te*o*gen  (?),  n.  [Osteo- + -gen.] (Physiol.) The soft tissue, or
   substance,   which,   in   developing   bone,   ultimately   undergoes

                            Osteogenesis, Osteogeny

   Os`te*o*gen"e*sis (?), Os`te*og"e*ny (?), n. [Osteo- + genesis, or the
   root  of  Gr. ost\'82og\'82nie.] (Physiol.) The formation or growth of


   Os`te*o*ge*net"ic  (?),  a. (Physiol.) Connected with osteogenesis, or
   the  formation  of  bone; producing bone; as, osteogenetic tissue; the
   osteogenetic layer of the periosteum.


   Os`te*o*gen"ic (?), a. (Physiol.) Osteogenetic.


   Os`te*og"ra*pher (?), n. An osteologist.


   Os`te*og"ra*phy  (?), n. [Osteo- + -graphy.] The description of bones;


   Os"te*oid  (?),  a.  [Osteo-  + -oid: cf. Gr. (Anat.) Resembling bone;


   Os"te*o*lite  (?),  n.  [Osteo-  +  -lite.]  (Min.)  A  massive impure
   apatite, or calcium phosphate.


   Os`te*ol"o*ger (?), n. One versed in osteology; an osteologist.

                           Osteologic, Osteological

   Os`te*o*log"ic    (?),    Os`te*o*log"ic*al    (?),    a.    [Cf.   F.
   ost\'82ologique.]     Of    or    pertaining    to    osteology.    --
   Os`te*o*log"ic*al*ly, adv.


   Os`te*ol"o*gist   (?),   n.  One  who  is  skilled  in  osteology;  an


   Os`te*ol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Osteo-  +  -logy: cf. F. ost\'82ologie.] The
   science which treats of the bones of the vertebrate skeleton.


   Os`te*o"ma  (?),  n.;  pl.  Osteomata (#). [NL. See Osteo-, and -oma.]
   (Med.) A tumor composed mainly of bone; a tumor of a bone.


   Os`te*o*ma*la"ci*a  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Med.) A disease of the
   bones,  in  which  they  lose  their earthy material, and become soft,
   flexible, and distorted. Also called malacia.


   Os"te*o*man`ty (?), n. [Osteo- Gr. Divination by means of bones. [R.]


   Os"te*o*mere (?), n. [Osteo- + -mere.] (Anat.) An osteocomma. Owen.


   Os"te*o*phone  (?), n. [Gr. An instrument for transmission of auditory
   vibrations  through  the bones of the head, so as to be appreciated as
   sounds  by  persons  deaf  from  causes other than those affecting the
   nervous apparatus of hearing.


   Os"te*o*plast (?), n. [Osteo- + Gr. (Anat.) An osteoblast.


   Os`te*o*plas"tic (?), a. [Osteo- + -plastic.]

   1. (Physiol.) Producing bone; as, osteoplastic cells.

   2.  (Med.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  replacement  of  bone; as, an
   osteoplastic operation.


   Os"te*o*plas`ty  (?),  n.  [Osteo-  + -plasty.] (Med.) An operation or
   process  by  which  the  total  or partial loss of a bone is remedied.


   Os`te*op`ter*yg"i*ous  (?),  a. [Osteo- Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Having bones in
   the fins, as certain fishes.


   Os`te*o*sar*co"ma  (?),  n.;  pl. Osteosarcomata (#). [NL. See Osteo-,
   and  sarcoma.]  (Med.)  A  tumor  having the structure of a sacroma in
   which there is a deposit of bone; sarcoma connected with bone.


   Os"te*o*tome  (?), n. [Osteo- + Gr. (Surg.) Strong nippers or a chisel
   for dividing bone.


   Os`te*ot"o*mist (?), n. One skilled in osteotomy.


   Os`te*ot"o*my (?), n.

   1. The dissection or anatomy of bones; osteology.

   2.  (Surg.) The operation of dividing a bone or of cutting a piece out
   of it, -- done to remedy deformity, etc.


   Os`te*o*zo"a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Vertebrata.


   Os"ti*a*ry  (?),  n.;  pl.  -ries  (#). [L. ostium door, entrance. See

   1. The mouth of a river; an estuary. [R.] Sir T. Browne.

   2.  One who keeps the door, especially the door of a church; a porter.
   N. Bacon.


   Os"tic  (?),  a.  [From  North  American  Indian  oshtegwon  a  head.]
   Pertaining  to,  or  applied  to,  the  language  of  the  Tuscaroras,
   Iroquois,  Wyandots,  Winnebagoes,  and  a  part of the Sioux Indians.


   Os"ti*ole  (?),  n. [L. ostiolum a little door, dim. of ostium a door:
   cf.  F.  ostiole.]  (Bot.)  (a) The exterior opening of a stomate. See
   Stomate. (b) Any small orifice.


   Os*ti"tis (?), n. [NL.] (Med.) See Osteitis.


   Os"ti*um (?), n.; pl. Ostia (#). [L.] (Anat.) An opening; a passage.


   Ost"ler (?), n. See Hostler.


   Ost"ler*ess, n. A female ostler. [R.] Tennyson.


   Ost"ler*y (?), n. See Hostelry. [Obs.]


   Ost"men  (?),  n.  pl.;  sing.  Ostman. [See East, and Man.] East men;
   Danish settlers in Ireland, formerly so called. Lyttelton.


   Os*to"sis   (?),   n.   [NL.,  from  Gr.  (Physiol.)  Bone  formation;
   ossification. See Ectostosis, and Endostosis.


   Os*tra"ce*a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of bivalve
   mollusks including the oysters and allied shells.


   Os*tra"cean  (?), n. [L. ostrea an oyster. See Oyster.] (Zo\'94l.) Any
   one of a family of bivalves, of which the oyster is the type.


   Os*tra"ci*on  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of plectognath
   fishes  having the body covered with solid, immovable, bony plates. It
   includes the trunkfishes.


   Os*tra"ci*ont  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A fish of the genus Ostracion and
   allied genera.


   Os"tra*cism (?), n. [Gr. Ostracize.]

   1.  (Gr.  Antiq.)  Banishment  by  popular vote, -- a means adopted at
   Athens  to  rid  the  city of a person whose talent and influence gave

   2. Banishment; exclusion; as, social ostracism.

     Public  envy  is as an ostracism, that eclipseth men when they grow
     too great. Bacon.

     Sentenced  to  a perpetual ostracism from the . . . confidence, and
     honors, and emoluments of his country. A. Hamilton.


   Os"tra*cite (?), n. (Paleon.) A fossil oyster.


   Os"tra*cize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ostracized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ostracizing (?).] [Gr. Osseous, Oyster.]

   1. (Gr. Antiq.) To exile by ostracism; to banish by a popular vote, as
   at Athens. Grote.

   2.  To  banish  from  society;  to put under the ban; to cast out from
   social,  political,  or  private  favor;  as, he was ostracized by his
   former friends. Marvell.


   Os*trac"o*da (?), n. pl. (Zo\'94l.) Ostracoidea.


   Os`tra*coder"mi  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A suborder of
   fishes of which Ostracion is the type.


   Os"tra*coid (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Ostracoidea. --
   n. One of the Ostracoidea.


   Os`tra*coi"de*a  (?),  n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) An order
   of  Entomostraca  possessing  hard  bivalve  shells. They are of small
   size, and swim freely about. [Written also Ostracoda.]


   Os"tre*a  (?),  n.  [L.,  an  oyster.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A genus of bivalve
   Mollusca which includes the true oysters.


   Os`tre*a"ceous  (?),  a. [L. ostrea an oyster. See Oyster.] (Zo\'94l.)
   Of or pertaining to an oyster, or to a shell; shelly.

     The crustaceous or ostreaceous body. Cudworth.


   Os"tre*a*cul`ture (?), n. The artificial cultivation of oysters.


   Os`tre*oph"a*gist (?), n. [Gr. One who feeds on oysters.


   Os"trich  (?),  n.  [OE.  ostriche, ostrice, OF. ostruche, ostruce, F.
   autruche,  L.  avis  struthio;  avis  bird + struthio ostrich, fr. Gr.
   Aviary,  Struthious.]  [Formerly  written  also estrich.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   large  bird of the genus Struthio, of which Struthio camelus of Africa
   is  the  best known species. It has long and very strong legs, adapted
   for  rapid  running;  only  two  toes;  a  long  neck,  nearly bare of
   feathers; and short wings incapable of flight. The adult male is about
   eight feet high.

     NOTE: &hand; The South African ostrich (Struthio australis) and the
     Asiatic  ostrich  are  considered distinct species by some authors.
     Ostriches are now domesticated in South Africa in large numbers for
     the  sake  of  their  plumes.  The body of the male is covered with
     elegant  black  plumose  feathers, while the wings and tail furnish
     the most valuable white plumes.

   Ostrich farm, a farm on which ostriches are bred for the sake of their
   feathers,  oil,  eggs,  etc.  --  Ostrich  farming,  the occupation of
   breeding  ostriches  for  the  sake of their feathers, etc. -- Ostrich
   fern  (Bot.)  a kind of fern (Onoclea Struthiopteris), the tall fronds
   of  which grow in a circle from the rootstock. It is found in alluvial
   soil in Europe and North America.


   Os*trif"er*ous (?), a. [L. ostrifer; ostrea oyster + ferre.] Producing
   oysters; containing oysters.


   Os"tro*goth  (?),  n.  [L. Ostrogothi, pl. See East, and Goth.] One of
   the Eastern Goths. See Goth.


   Os`tro*goth"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Ostrogoths.

                                  Oswego tea

   Os*we"go  tea" (?). (Bot.) An American aromatic herb (Monarda didyma),
   with showy, bright red, labiate flowers.


   Ot`a*cous"tic   (?),  a.  [Oto-  +  acoustic:  cf.  F.  otacoustique.]
   Assisting the sense of hearing; as, an otacoustic instrument.

                           Otacoustic, Otacousticon

   Ot`a*cous"tic   (?),   Ot`a*cous"ti*con   (?),  n.  An  instrument  to
   facilitate hearing, as an ear trumpet.

                                Otaheite apple

   O`ta*hei"te ap"ple (?). [So named from Otaheite, or Tahiti, one of the
   Society  Islands.] (Bot.) (a) The fruit of a Polynesian anacardiaceous
   tree (Spondias dulcis), also called vi-apple. It is rather larger than
   an  apple,  and  the rind has a flavor of turpentine, but the flesh is
   said to taste like pineapples. (b) A West Indian name for a myrtaceous
   tree (Jambosa Malaccensis) which bears crimson berries.


   O*tal"gi*a  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. otalgie.] (Med.) Pain in the ear;


   O*tal"gic  (?),  a. (Med.) Of or pertaining to otalgia. -- n. A remedy
   for otalgia.


   O*tal"gy (?), n. Pain in the ear; otalgia.


   O"ta*ry  (?),  n.; pl. Otaries (#). [Gr. otarie.] (Zo\'94l.) Any eared


   O"the*o*scope  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -scope.]  (Physics)  An  instrument for
   exhibiting  the  repulsive  action  produced  by  light  or heat in an
   exhausted vessel; a modification of the radoimeter. W. Crookes.


   Oth"er  (?)  conj.  [See Or.] Either; -- used with other or or for its
   correlative (as either . . . or are now used). [Obs.]

     Other of chalk, other of glass. Chaucer.


   Oth"er,  pron.  &  a.  [AS.  ; akin to OS. \'be, , D. & G. ander, OHG.
   andar, Icel. annarr, Sw. annan, Dan. anden, Goth. an, Skr. antara: cf.
   L.  alter; all orig. comparatives: cf. Skr. anya other. &root;180. Cf.
   Alter.] [Formerly other was used both as singular and plural.]

   1.  Different from that which, or the one who, has been specified; not
   the same; not identical; additional; second of two.

     Each of them made other for to win. Chaucer.

     Whosoever  shall  smite  thee  on  thy right cheek, turn to him the
     other also. Matt. v. 39.

   2.  Not  this,  but  the  contrary;  opposite; as, the other side of a

   3. Alternate; second; -- used esp. in connection with every; as, every
   other day, that is, each alternate day, every second day.

   4. Left, as opposed to right. [Obs.]

     A distaff in her other hand she had. Spenser.

     NOTE: &hand; Ot  her is  a  co rrelative ad jective, or  ad jective
     pronoun, often in contrast with one, some, that, this, etc.

     The one shall be taken, and the other left. Matt. xxiv. 4

     And  some  fell among thorns . . . but other fell into good ground.
     Matt. xiii. 7, 8.

   Page 1017

   It is also used, by ellipsis, with a noun, expressed or understood.

     To write this, or to design the other. Dryden.

   It  is  written  with  the indefinite article as one word, another; is
   used  with  each,  indicating  a reciprocal action or relation; and is
   employed  absolutely, or eliptically for other thing, or other person,
   in which case it may have a plural.

     The  fool  and the brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to
     others. Ps. xlix. 10.

     If he is trimming, others are true. Thackeray.

   Other is sometimes followed by but, beside, or besides; but oftener by

     No other but such a one as he. Coleridge.

     Other lords beside thee have had dominion over us. Is. xxvi. 13.

     For  other foundation can no man lay than that is laid. 1 Cor. iii.

     The  whole seven years of . . . ignominy had been little other than
     a preparation for this very hour. Hawthorne.

   Other  some,  some others. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] -- The other day, at a
   certain  time  past,  not  distant,  but  indefinite;  not  long  ago;
   recently; rarely, the third day past.

     Bind  my  hair  up:  as't  was  yesterday? No, nor t' other day. B.


   Oth"er (?), adv. Otherwise. "It shall none other be." Chaucer. "If you
   think other." Shak.


   Oth"er*gates`  (?),  adv.  [Other  +  gate way. See wards.] In another
   manner. [Obs.]

     He would have tickled you othergates. Shak.

                            Otherguise, Otherguess

   Oth"er*guise`  (?),  Oth"er*guess`  (?),  a.  &  adv. [A corruption of
   othergates.]  Of  another  kind  or  sort; in another way. "Otherguess
   arguments." Berkeley.


   Oth"er*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state of being other or different;
   alterity; oppositeness.


   Oth"er*ways` (?), adv. See Otherwise. Tyndale.


   Oth"er*where`  (?),  adv.  In  or  to  some  other  place,  or places;
   elsewhere. Milton. Tennyson.

                            Otherwhile, Otherwhiles

   Oth"er*while`  (?), Oth"er*whiles` (?), adv. At another time, or other
   times; sometimes; [Archaic]

     Weighing otherwhiles ten pounds and more. Holland.


   Oth"er*wise` (?), adv. [Other + wise manner.]

   1.  In  a  different  manner;  in  another  way,  or  in  other  ways;
   differently; contrarily. Chaucer.

     Thy  father  was a worthy prince, And merited, alas! a better fate;
     But Heaven thought otherwise. Addison.

   2. In other respects.

     It  is  said, truly, that the best men otherwise are not always the
     best in regard of society. Hooker.

   3.  In  different  circumstances;  under  other  conditions;  as, I am
   engaged, otherwise I would accept.

     NOTE: &hand; Ot herwise, li ke so  an d th us, ma y be  us ed as  a
     substitute for the opposite of a previous adjective, noun, etc.

     Let no man think me a fool; if otherwise, yet as a fool receive me.
     2 Cor. xi. 16.

     Her eyebrows . . . rather full than otherwise. Fielding.


   Oth"man (?), n. & a. See Ottoman.


   O"tic  (?),  a.  [Gr. otique.] Of, pertaining to, or in the region of,
   the ear; auricular; auditory.


   O"ti*ose`  (?),  a.  [L. otiosus, fr. otium ease.] Being at leisure or
   ease; unemployed; indolent; idle. "Otiose assent." Paley.

     The true keeping of the Sabbath was not that otiose and unAlford.


   O`ti*os"ity  (?),  n.  [L.  otiositas.]  Leisure; indolence; idleness;
   ease. [R.] Thackeray.


   O"tis  (?), n. [L., a kind of bustard, Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of birds
   including the bustards.


   O*ti"tis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the ear.


   O"to-  (?).  [Gr.  A combining form denoting relation to, or situation
   near or in, the ear.

                                   Otoba fat

   O*to"ba  fat` (?). (Chem.) A colorless buttery substance obtained from
   the fruit of Myristica otoba, a species of nutmeg tree.


   O*toc"o*nite  (?),  n. [Oto- + Gr. (Anat.) (a) A mass of otoliths. (b)
   An otolith.


   O"to*crane  (?),  n.  [Oto-  +  Gr. (Anat.) The cavity in the skull in
   which the parts of the internal ear are lodged.


   O`to*cra"ni*al (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the otocrane.


   O"to*cyst  (?),  n. [Oto- + cyst.] (Zo\'94l. & Anat.) An auditory cyst
   or  vesicle;  one of the simple auditory organs of many invertebrates,
   containing  a  fluid  and  otoliths;  also, the embryonic vesicle from
   which the parts of the internal ear of vertebrates are developed.


   O*tog"ra*phy (?), n. [Oto- + -graphy.] A description of the ear.

                               Otolith, Otolite

   O"to*lith (?), O"to*lite (?), n. [Oto- + -lith, -lite.] (Anat.) One of
   the  small bones or particles of calcareous or other hard substance in
   the  internal  ear  of vertebrates, and in the auditory organs of many
   invertebrates; an ear stone. Collectively, the otoliths are called ear
   sand and otoconite.

                              Otolithic, Otolitic

   O`to*lith"ic  (?),  O`to*lit"ic  (?),  a.  (Anat.) Of or pertaining to


   O`to*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining tootology.


   O*tol"o*gist (?), n. One skilled in otology; an aurist.


   O*tol"o*gy  (?), n. [Oto- + -logy.] The branch of science which treats
   of the ear and its diseases.


   O*top"a*thy  (?),  n.  [Oto-  + Gr. (Med.) A diseased condition of the

 Otorrh O`tor*rh (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) A flow or running from the ear,
                          esp. a purulent discharge.


   O"to*scope  (?),  n.  [Oto- + -scope.] An instrument for examining the
   condition of the ear.


   O`to*scope"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to the otoscope or to otoscopy.


   O*tos"co*py  (?),  n.  (Med.)  The  examination of the ear; the art of
   using the otoscope.


   O*tos"te*al (?), n. [Oto- + Gr. (Anat.) An auditory ossicle. R. Owen.


   O`to*zo"um  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) An extinct genus of huge
   vertebrates,  probably  dinosaurs, known only from four-toed tracks in
   Triassic sandstones.


   Ot"tar (?), n. See Attar.


   Ot"ta*was  (?),  n.  pl.; sing. Ottawa (. (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians
   who,  when  first  known,  lived  on  the  Ottawa  River. Most of them
   subsequently migrated to the southwestern shore of Lake Superior.


   Ot"ter  (?), n. [OE. oter, AS. Otor; akin to D. & G. otter, Icel. otr,
   Dan.  odder,  Sw. utter, Lith. udra, Russ, vuidra, Gr. udra otter, and
   also to E. water. Water, and cf. Hydra.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any carnivorous animal of the genus Lutra, and related
   genera.  Several  species  are  described.  They  have large, flattish
   heads,  short  ears,  and  webbed  toes. They are aquatic, and feed on
   fish.  Their  fur  is soft and valuable. The common otter of Europe is
   Lutra  vulgaris;  the  American  otter is L. Canadensis; other species
   inhabit South America and Asia.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The larva of the ghost moth. It is very injurious to hop
   Otter  hound,  Otter  dog (Zo\'94l.), a small breed of hounds, used in
   England  for  hunting  otters.  -- Otter sheep. See Ancon sheep, under
   Ancon.   --   Otter  shell  (Zo\'94l.),  very  large  bivalve  mollusk
   (Schizoth\'91rus  Nuttallii)  found on the northwest coast of America.
   It  is  excellent food, and is extensively used by the Indians. -- Sea
   otter. (Zo\'94l.) See in the Vocabulary.


   Ot"ter, n. A corruption of Annotto.


   Ot"to (?), n. See Attar.


   Ot"to*man  (?),  a.  [F. ottoman: cf. It. ottomano, ottomanno; -- from
   Othoman,  Othman,  or  Osman,  the  name  of  a sultan who assumed the
   government  of  Turkey  about  the  year  1300. Cf. Osmanli, Ottoman a
   stuffed seat.] Of or pertaining to the Turks; as, the Ottoman power or


   Ot"to*man, n.; pl. Ottomans (.

   1. A Turk.

   2. [F. ottomane, from ottoman Turkish.] A stuffed seat without a back,
   originally used in Turkey.


   Ot"to*mite (?), n. An Ottoman. [R.] Shak.


   Ot"trel*ite  (?),  n.  [From  Ottrez,  on  the borders of Luxembourg.]
   (Min.)   A   micaceous  mineral  occurring  in  small  scales.  It  is
   characteristic of certain crystalline schists.


   Oua*ka"ri  (?),  n.  [From  the  native  name.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any South
   American monkey of the genus Brachyurus, especially B. ouakari.


   Ouan`der*oo" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The wanderoo.


   Oua`rine"  (?),  n.  [F.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A Brazilian monkey of the genus
   Mycetes. <-- #sic. Why is genus name not italicised? -->


   Ou`bli`ette"  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr. oublier to forget, fr. (assumed) LL.
   oblitare, L. oblivisci, p. p. oblitus.] A dungeon with an opening only
   at  the  top,  found  in  some old castles and other strongholds, into
   which  persons  condemned  to  perpetual  imprisonment,  or  to perish
   secretly, were thrust, or lured to fall.

     Sudden  in  the  sun  An  oubliette  winks. Where is he? Gone. Mrs.


   Ouch  (?),  n. [OE. ouch, nouche (a nouch being taken for an ouch: cf.
   Adder), fr. OF. nusche, nosche, nousche, buckle, clasp, LL. nusca, fr.
   OHG.  nusca,  nuscha.]  A  socket  or  bezel holding a precious stone;
   hence, a jewel or ornament worn on the person.

     A precious stone in a rich ouche. Sir T. Elyot.

     Your brooches, pearls, and ouches. Shak.


   Ough"ne (?), a. Own. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ought (?), n. & adv. See Aught.


   Ought,  imp.,  p. p., or auxiliary. [Orig. the preterit of the verb to
   owe. OE. oughte, aughte, ahte, AS. \'behte. &root;110. See Owe.]

   1. Was or were under obligation to pay; owed. [Obs.]

     This due obedience which they ought to the king. Tyndale.

     The love and duty I long have ought you. Spelman.

     [He] said . . . you ought him a thousand pound. Shak.

   2. Owned; possessed. [Obs.]

     The knight the which that castle ought. Spenser.

   3. To be bound in duty or by moral obligation.

     We  then that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak.
     Rom. xv. 1.

   4.  To  be  necessary,  fit, becoming, or expedient; to behoove; -- in
   this  sense  formerly sometimes used impersonally or without a subject
   expressed. "Well ought us work." Chaucer.

     To speak of this as it ought, would ask a volume. Milton.

     Ought not Christ to have suffered these things? Luke xxiv. 26.

     NOTE: &hand; Ou ght is  no w chiefly employed as an auxiliary verb,
     expressing fitness, expediency, propriety, moral obligation, or the
     like, in the action or state indicated by the principal verb.

   Syn.  --  Ought, Should. Both words imply obligation, but ought is the
   stronger.   Should  may  imply  merely  an  obligation  of  propriety,
   expendiency, etc.; ought denotes an obligation of duty.


   Ought"ness  (?),  n.  The  state  of  being  as  a  thing ought to be;
   rightness. [R.] N. W. Taylor.


   Ough"where`  (?),  adv.  [AS.  \'behw\'91r.]  Anywhere; somewhere. See
   Owher. [Obs.]


   Ouis"ti*ti (?), n. [F.] (Zo\'94l.) See Wistit.


   Oul (?), n. An awl. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Oul, n. An owl. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ou"la*chan (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Eulachon.


   Ounce  (?), n. [F. once, fr. L. uncia a twelfth, the twelfth part of a
   pound or of a foot: cf. Gr. Inch, Oke.]

   1. A weight, the sixteenth part of a pound avoirdupois, and containing

   2. (Troy Weight) The twelfth part of a troy pound.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e tr oy ounce contains twenty pennyweights, each of
     twenty-four grains, or, in all, 480 grains, and is the twelfth part
     of the troy pound. The troy ounce is also a weight in apothecaries'

   [Troy ounce is sometimes written as one word, troyounce.]

   3. Fig.: A small portion; a bit. [Obs.]

     By ounces hung his locks that he had. Chaucer.

   Fluid ounce. See under Fluid, n.


   Ounce, n. [F. once; cf. It. lonza, Sp. onza; prob. for lonce, taken as
   l'once,  fr.  L.  lynx, Gr. lyncea, from lynx. Cf. Lynx.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   feline  quadruped  (Felis  irbis,  OR uncia) resembling the leopard in
   size,  and somewhat in color, but it has longer and thicker fur, which
   forms a short mane on the back. The ounce is pale yellowish gray, with
   irregular  dark  spots  on  the  neck and limbs, and dark rings on the
   body. It inhabits the lofty mountain ranges of Asia. Called also once.

                                 Ounded, Oundy

   Ound"ed  (?), Oun"dy (?), a. [F. ond\'82, -\'82e, fr. onde, L. unda, a
   wave.] Wavy; waving [Obs.] "Owndie hair." Chaucer.


   Ound"ing (?), vb. n. Waving. [Obs.]

     Ounding, paling, winding, or bending . . . of cloth. Chaucer.


   Ouphe  (?),  n.  [See  Auf.]  A  fairy; a goblin; an elf. [Obs.] "Like
   urchins, ouphes, and fairies." Shak.


   Ouph"en (?), a. Elfish. [Obs.]


   Our  (?),  possessive pron. [AS. our, of us; akin to us, to us, and to
   G. unser our, of us, Goth. unsara. &root;186 See Us.] Of or pertaining
   to  us;  belonging to us; as, our country; our rights; our troops; our
   endeavors. See I.

     The Lord is our defense. Ps. lxxxix. 18.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh en th e no un is not expressed, ours is used in the
     same  way as hers for her, yours for your, etc.; as, whose house is
     that? It is ours.

     Our wills are ours, we known not how. Tennyson.


   -our (?). [OF. -our.] See -or.


   Ou*rang" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The orang-outang.


   Ou*rang"-ou*tang` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Orang-outang.


   Ou`ra*nog"ra*phist (?), n. See Uranographist.


   Ou`ra*nog"ra*phy (?), n. See Uranography.


   Ou"re*bi  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small,  graceful, and swift African
   antelope, allied to the klipspringer.


   Ou*ret"ic (?), a. [Gr. Uretic.] (Chem.) Uric.


   Ou*rol"o*gy (?), n. See Urology.


   Ou*ros"co*py (?), n. [Gr. -scopy.] Ourology.


   Ours (?), possessive pron. See Note under Our.


   Our*selves"  (?),  pron.;  sing.  Ourself  (we;  also,  alone  in  the
   predicate, in the nominative or the objective case.

     We  ourselves might distinctly number in words a great deal further
     then we usually do. Locke.

     Safe in ourselves, while on ourselves we stand. Dryden.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e fo rm ourself is usec only in the regal or formal
     style after we or us, denoting a single person.

     Unless we would denude ourself of all force. Clarendon.


   -ous  (?).  [OF.  -ous,  us,  -os, F. -eux, fr. L. -osus, and -us. Cf.

   1.  An  adjective  suffix  meaning  full  of,  abounding  in,  having,
   possessing the qualities of, like; as in gracious, abounding in grace;
   arduous,  full  of  ardor;  bulbous,  having bulbs, bulblike; riotous,
   poisonous, piteous, joyous, etc.

   2.  (Chem.)  A  suffix denoting that the element indicated by the name
   bearing  it,  has a valence lower than that denoted by the termination
   -ic;  as,  nitrous,  sulphurous,  etc.,  as  contrasted  with  nitric,
   sulphuric, etc.

   Page 1018


   Ouse (?), n. & v. See Ooze. [Obs.]


   Ou"sel  (?),  n.  [OE.  osel, AS. ; akin to G. amsel, OHG. amsala, and
   perh.  to  L.  merula  blackbird. Cf. Merle, Amsel.] (Zo\'94l.) One of
   several species of European thrushes, especially the blackbird (Merula
   merula,  or  Turdus  merula),  and  the mountain or ring ousel (Turdus
   torquatus).  [Written  also  ouzel.]  Rock  ousel (Zo\'94l.), the ring
   ousel.  --  Water  ousel  (Zo\'94l.),  the  European  dipper  (Cinclus
   aquaticus), and the American dipper (C. Mexicanus).


   Oust (?), n. See Oast.


   Oust,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Ousted; p. pr. & vb. n. Ousting.] [OF.
   oster,  F.  \'93ter, prob. fr. L. obstare to oppose, hence, to forbid,
   take away. See Obstacle, and cf. Ouster.]

   1. To take away; to remove.

     Multiplication  of  actions  upon the case were rare, formerly, and
     thereby wager of law ousted. Sir M. Hale.

   2. To eject; to turn out. Blackstone.

     From mine own earldom foully ousted me. Tennyson.


   Oust"er  (?),  n. [Prob. fr. the OF. infin. oster, used substantively.
   See  Oust.]  A  putting  out  of  possession; dispossession; ejection;

     Ouster  of  the  freehold  is  effected  by  abatement,  intrusion,
     disseizin, discontinuance, or deforcement. Blackstone.

   Ouster  le  main.  [Ouster  +  F. la main the hand, L. manus.] (Law) A
   delivery of lands out of the hands of a guardian, or out of the king's
   hands, or a judgement given for that purpose. Blackstone.


   Out  (?), adv. [OE. out, ut, oute, ute, AS. , and , , fr. ; akin to D.
   uit, OS. , G. aus, OHG. -, Icel. , Sw. ut, Dan. ud, Goth. ut, Skr. ud.
   About,  But,  prep.,  Carouse,  Utter,  a.] In its original and strict
   sense,  out means from the interior of something; beyond the limits or
   boundary of somethings; in a position or relation which is exterior to
   something;  --  opposed  to in or into. The something may be expressed
   after  of, from, etc. (see Out of, below); or, if not expressed, it is
   implied;  as, he is out; or, he is out of the house, office, business,
   etc.;  he  came  out;  or,  he  came out from the ship, meeting, sect,
   party, etc. Out is used in a variety of applications, as: --

   1. Away; abroad; off; from home, or from a certain, or a usual, place;
   not  in; not in a particular, or a usual, place; as, the proprietor is
   out, his team was taken out. "My shoulder blade is out." Shak.

     He hath been out (of the country) nine years. Shak.

   2. Beyond the limits of concealment, confinement, privacy, constraint,
   etc.,  actual  of  figurative;  hence, not in concealment, constraint,
   etc.,   in,  or  into,  a  state  of  freedom,  openness,  disclosure,
   publicity,  etc.; as, the sun shines out; he laughed out, to be out at
   the  elbows;  the  secret has leaked out, or is out; the disease broke
   out on his face; the book is out.

     Leaves are out and perfect in a month. Bacon.

     She has not been out [in general society] very long. H. James.

   3.  Beyond the limit of existence, continuance, or supply; to the end;
   completely; hence, in, or into, a condition of extinction, exhaustion,
   completion;  as, the fuel, or the fire, has burned out. "Hear me out."

     Deceitiful men shall not live out half their days. Ps. iv. 23.

     When the butt is out, we will drink water. Shak.

   4.  Beyond  possession,  control, or occupation; hence, in, or into, a
   state  of  want,  loss,  or  deprivation; -- used of office, business,
   property,  knowledge,  etc.;  as, the Democrats went out and the Whigs
   came  in;  he put his money out at interest. "Land that is out at rack
   rent." Locke. "He was out fifty pounds." Bp. Fell.

     I have forgot my part, and I am out. Shak.

   5.  Beyond  the  bounds  of what is true, reasonable, correct, proper,
   common, etc.; in error or mistake; in a wrong or incorrect position or
   opinion;   in  a  state  of  disagreement,  opposition,  etc.;  in  an
   inharmonious relation. "Lancelot and I are out." Shak.

     Wicked  men  are  strangely  out  in  the  calculating of their own
     interest. South.

     Very seldom out, in these his guesses. Addison.

   6. Not in the position to score in playing a game; not in the state or
   turn of the play for counting or gaining scores.

     NOTE: &hand; Ou t is  largely used in composition as a prefix, with
     the  same  significations  that  it  has  as  a  separate  word; as
     outbound, outbreak, outbuilding, outcome, outdo, outdoor, outfield.
     See also the first Note under Over, adv.

   Day  in,  day  out, from the beginning to the limit of each of several
   days;  day  by  day;  every  day. -- Out and out. (a) adv. Completely;
   wholly;   openly.  (b)  adj.  Without  any  reservation  or  disguise;
   absolute;  as,  an  out  and  out  villain.  [As  an adj. written also
   out-and-out.]  --  Out  at,  Out in, Out on, etc., elliptical phrases,
   that to which out refers as a source, origin, etc., being omitted; as,
   out  (of  the house and) at the barn; out (of the house, road, fields,
   etc., and) in the woods.
     Three fishers went sailing out into the west, Out into the west, as
     the sun went down. C. Kingsley.
     NOTE: In thes e lines after out may be understood, "of the harbor,"
     "from  the shore," "of sight," or some similar phrase. The complete
     construction is seen in the saying: "Out of the frying pan into the

   --  Out  from,  a  construction  similar to out of (below). See Of and
   From.  Out  of, a phrase which may be considered either as composed of
   an adverb and a preposition, each having its appropriate office in the
   sentence,  or  as a compound preposition. Considered as a preposition,
   it  denotes,  with  verbs of movement or action, from the interior of;
   beyond  the  limit:  from;  hence,  origin, source, motive, departure,
   separation,  loss,  etc.; -- opposed to in or into; also with verbs of
   being,  the  state  of  being  derived,  removed,  or  separated from.
   Examples  may be found in the phrases below, and also under Vocabulary
   words;  as,  out  of  breath;  out of countenance. Out of cess, beyond
   measure, excessively. Shak. -- Out of character, unbecoming; improper.
   -- Out of conceit with, not pleased with. See under Conceit. -- Out of
   date,  not  timely;  unfashionable; antiquated. -- Out of door, Out of
   doors,  beyond  the  doors; from the house; in, or into, the open air;
   hence,  figuratively,  shut  out;  dismissed.  See  under  Door, also,
   Out-of-door, Outdoor, Outdoors, in the Vocabulary. "He 's quality, and
   the  question's out of door," Dryden. -- Out of favor, disliked; under
   displeasure.  --  Out  of  frame,  not  in correct order or condition;
   irregular;  disarranged. Latimer. -- Out of hand, immediately; without
   delay  or preparation. "Ananias . . . fell down and died out of hand."
   Latimer.<--  most  often  seen  in "dismiss out of hand" --> -- Out of
   harm's way, beyond the danger limit; in a safe place. -- Out of joint,
   not  in  proper  connection  or adjustment; unhinged; disordered. "The
   time  is  out of joint." Shak. -- Out of mind, not in mind; forgotten;
   also,  beyond  the  limit  of  memory; as, time out of mind. -- Out of
   one's  head,  beyond  commanding  one's  mental powers; in a wandering
   state  mentally;  delirious.  [Colloq.]  --  Out of one's time, beyond
   one's  period  of  minority or apprenticeship. -- Out of order, not in
   proper  order;  disarranged; in confusion. -- Out of place, not in the
   usual  or  proper  place;  hence,  not  proper  or becoming. -- Out of
   pocket,  in a condition of having expended or lost more money than one
   has  received.  --  Out  of  print, not in market, the edition printed
   being  exhausted;  --  said  of  books,  pamphlets, etc. -- Out of the
   question,  beyond  the limits or range of consideration; impossible to
   be  favorably  considered.  --  Out  of  reach,  beyond  one's  reach;
   inaccessible.  --  Out  of  season,  not  in  a proper season or time;
   untimely;  inopportune.  --  Out  of  sorts,  wanting  certain things;
   unsatisfied;  unwell;  unhappy;  cross.  See  under Sort, n. -- Out of
   temper,  not  in good temper; irritated; angry. -- Out of time, not in
   proper  time;  too  soon, or too late. -- Out of time, not in harmony;
   discordant;  hence,  not  in  an  agreeing  temper; fretful. -- Out of
   twist,  winding, OR wind, not in warped condition; perfectly plain and
   smooth; -- said of surfaces. -- Out of use, not in use; unfashionable;
   obsolete.  --  Out of the way. (a) On one side; hard to reach or find;
   secluded.  (b) Improper; unusual; wrong. -- Out of the woods, not in a
   place,  or  state,  of  obscurity  or  doubt;  free from difficulty or
   perils;  safe.  [Colloq.]  --  Out  to  out, from one extreme limit to
   another, including the whole length, breadth, or thickness; -- applied
   to  measurements.  -- Out West, in or towards, the West; specifically,
   in  some  Western  State  or Territory. [U. S.] -- To come out, To cut
   out,  To  fall out, etc. See under Come, Cut, Fall, etc. -- To put out
   of the way, to kill; to destroy. -- Week in, week out. See Day in, day
   out (above).


   Out (?), n.

   1.  One  who,  or  that  which,  is out; especially, one who is out of
   office; -- generally in the plural.

   2.  A  place or space outside of something; a nook or corner; an angle
   projecting  outward;  an open space; -- chiefly used in the phrase ins
   and outs; as, the ins and outs of a question. See under In.

   3.  (Print.)  A  word or words omitted by the compositor in setting up
   copy; an omission.
   To  make  an out (Print.), to omit something, in setting or correcting
   type, which was in the copy.


   Out, v. t.

   1. To cause to be out; to eject; to expel.

     A king outed from his country. Selden.

     The French have been outed of their holds. Heylin.

   2. To come out with; to make known. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   3. To give out; to dispose of; to sell. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Out,  v.  i.  To come or go out; to get out or away; to become public.
   "Truth will out." Shak.


   Out,  interj.  Expressing impatience, anger, a desire to be rid of; --
   with the force of command; go out; begone; away; off.

     Out, idle words, servants to shallow fools ! Shak.

   Out  upon OR on! equivalent to "shame upon!" "away with!" as, out upon


   Out*act" (?), v. t. To do or beyond; to exceed in acting. [R.]

     He  has  made  me  heir  to  treasures  Would make me outact a real
     window's whining. Otway.


   Ou"ta*gam`ies  (?),  n. pl.; sing. Outagamie (. (Ethnol.) See lst Fox,


   Out*ar"gue (?), v. t. To surpass or conquer in argument.


   Out*bab"ble  (?),  v. t. To utter foolishly or excessively; to surpass
   in babbling. [R.] Milton.


   Out*bal"ance (?), v. t. To outweight; to exceed in weight or effect.

     Let  dull Ajax bear away my right When all his days outbalance this
     one night. Dryden.


   Out*bar" (?), v. t. To bar out. [R.] Spenser.


   Out*beg" (?), v. t. To surpass in begging. [R.]


   Out*bid" (?), v. t. [imp. Outbid or Outbade (p. p. Outbid or Outbidden
   (p. pr. & vb. n. Outbidding.] To exceed or surpass in bidding.

     Prevent the greedy, and outbid the bold. Pope.


   Out*bid"der (?), n. One who outbids. Johnson.


   Out*bleat" (?), v. t. To surpass in bleating.


   Out"blown` (?), a. Inflated with wind. Dryden.


   Out*blush" (?), v. t. To exceed in blushing; to surpass in rosy color.
   T. Shipman.


   Out"board`  (?), a. & adv. (Naut.) Beyond or outside of the lines of a
   vessel's  bulwarks  or  hull; in a direction from the hull or from the
   keel;  --  opposed  to inboard; as, outboard rigging; swing the davits


   Out"born` (?), a. Foreign; not native. [R.]


   Out"bound` (?), a. Outward bound. Dryden.


   Out"bounds`  (?),  n.  pl.  The  farthest  or exterior bounds; extreme
   limits; boundaries. Spenser.


   Out*bow" (?), v. t. To excel in bowing. Young.


   Out"bowed`  (?),  a.  Convex;  curved outward. "The convex or outbowed
   side of a vessel." Bp. Hall.


   Out*brag"  (?),  v.  t.  To surpass in bragging; hence, to make appear

     Whose bare outbragg'd the web it seemed to wear. Shak.


   Out*brave" (?), v. t.

   1. To excel in bravery o

   2. To excel in magnificence or comeliness.

     The basest weed outbraves his dignity. Shak.


   Out*bray" (?), v. t.

   1. To exceed in braying.

   2. To emit with great noise. [Obs.] Fairfax.


   Out*bra"zen  (?), v. t. To bear down with a brazen face; to surpass in
   impudence. T. Brown.


   Out"break` (?), n. A bursting forth; eruption; insurrection. "Mobs and
   outbreaks." J. H. Newman.

     The flash and outbreak of a fiery mind. Shak.


   Out"break`ing, n.

   1. The act of breaking out.

   2. That which bursts forth.


   Out*breast"  (?),  v.  t.  To  surpass  in singing. See Breast, n., 6.


   Out*breathe" (?), v. t.

   1. To breathe forth. "Outbreathed life." Spenser.

   2. To cause to be out of breath; to exhaust. Shak.


   Out*breathe",  v.  i.  To  issue,  as  breath;  to be breathed out; to
   exhale. Beau. & Fl.


   Out*bribe" (?), v. t. To surpass in bribing.


   Out*bring" (?), v. t. To bring or bear out.


   Out*bud" (?), v. i. To sprout. [Poetic] Spenser.


   Out*build" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Outbuilt (?) or Outbuilded; p. pr.
   &  vb.  n.  Outbuilding.]  To  exceed in building, or in durability of


   Out"build`ing  (?),  n.  A building separate from, and subordinate to,
   the main house; an outhouse.


   Out*burn", v. t. & i.

   1. To exceed in burning.

   2. To burn entirely; to be consumed. Shak.


   Out"burst` (?), n. A bursting forth.


   Out*cant" (?), v. t. To surpass in canting. Pope.


   Out"cast`  (?),  a. [Cf. Sw. utkasta to cast out.] Cast out; degraded.
   "Outcast, rejected." Longfellow.


   Out"cast`, n.

   1.  One  who  is cast out or expelled; an exile; one driven from home,
   society, or country; hence, often, a degraded person; a vagabond.

     The  Lord  .  .  .  gathereth  together the outcasts of Israel. Ps.
     cxlvii. 2.

   2. A quarrel; a contention. [Scot.] Jamieson.


   Out"cast`ing, n. That which is cast out. [Obs.]


   Out*cept" (?), prep. Except. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Out*cheat" (?), v. t. To exceed in cheating.


   Out*climb"  (?),  v.  t.  To  climb  bevond;  to  surpass in climbing.


   Out"come  (?),  n. That which comes out of, or follows from, something
   else;  issue;  result;  consequence; upshot. "The logical outcome." H.

     All true literature, all genuine poetry, is the direct outcome, the
     condensed essence, of actual life and thougth. J. C. Shairp.


   Out*com"pass (?), v. t. To exceed the compass or limits of. Bacon.


   Out"court` (?), n. An outer or exterior court.

     The skirts and outcourts of heaven. South.


   Out*craft"y (?), v. t. To exceed in cunning. [R.] Shak.


   Out"cri`er (?), n. One who cries out or proclaims; a herald or crier.


   Out"crop`  (?),  n.  (Geol.)  (a)  The  coming out of a stratum to the
   surface  of  the ground. Lyell. (b) That part of inclined strata which
   appears at the surface; basset.


   Out*crop" (?), v. i. (Geol.) To come out to the surface of the ground;
   -- said of strata.


   Out"cry` (?), n.

   1.  A  vehement  or loud cry; a cry of distress, alarm, opposition, or
   detestation; clamor.

   2. Sale at public auction. Massinger. Thackeray.


   Out*dare"  (?), v. t. To surpass in daring; to overcome by courage; to
   brave. Shak. R. Browning.


   Out*dat"ed (?), a. Being out of date; antiquated. [Obs.] Hammond.


   Out*daz"zle (?), v. t. To surpass in dazzing.


   Out*do"  (?),  v. t. [imp. Outdid (?); p. p. Outdone (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Outdoing.] To go beyond in performance; to excel; to surpass.

     An imposture outdoes the original. L' Estrange.

     I grieve to be outdone by Gay. Swift.


   Out"door`  (?), a. [For out of door.] Being, or done, in the open air;
   being  or done outside of certain buildings, as poorhouses, hospitals,
   etc.; as, outdoor exercise; outdoor relief; outdoor patients.


   Out"doors` (?), adv. Abread; out of the house; out of doors.


   Out*draw"  (?), v. t. To draw out; to extract. [R.] "He must the teeth
   outdraw." Gower.


   Out*dream"  (?),  v.  t.  To  pass,  or  escape,  while  dreaming. "To
   oultdream dangers." Beau. & Fl.


   Out*drink" (?), v. t. To exceed in drinking.


   Out*dure" (?), v. t. To outlast. [Obs.]


   Out*dwell"  (?), v. t. To dwell or stay beyond. [Poetic] "He outdwells
   his hour." Shak.


   Out"dwell`er  (?),  n.  One  who  holds  land  in  a parish, but lives
   elsewhere. [Eng.]


   Out"er  (?),  a.  [Compar. of Out.] [AS. , compar. of , adv., out. See
   Out,  Utter,  a.]  Being on the outside; external; farthest or farther
   from the interior, from a given station, or from any space or position
   regarded  as  a center or starting place; -- opposed to inner; as, the
   outer  wall;  the outer court or gate; the outer stump in cricket; the
   outer  world.  Outer  bar,  in  England, the body of junior (or utter)
   barristers;  --  so called because in court they occupy a place beyond
   the space reserved for Queen's counsel.


   Out"er,  n.  (a)  The  part  of  a  target which is beyond the circles
   surrounding  the  bull's-eye.  (b) A shot which strikes the outer of a


   Out"er, n. [From Out, v.] One who puts out, ousts, or expels; also, an
   ouster; dispossession. [R.]


   Out"er*ly, adv.

   1. Utterly; entirely. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. Toward the outside. [R.] Grew.


   Out"er*most`  (?),  a. [See Uttermost, Utmost, and cf. Outmost.] Being
   on the extreme external part; farthest outward; as, the outermost row.

   Page 1019


   Out*face"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Outfaced (?); p pr. & vb. n.
   Outfacing (?).] To face or look (one) out of countenance; to resist or
   bear down by bold looks or effrontery; to brave. Shak.

     Having outfaced all the world. South.


   Out"fall` (?), n.

   1. The mouth of a river; the lower end of a water course; the open end
   of a drain, culvert, etc., where the discharge occurs.

   2. A quarrel; a falling out. [Prov. Eng.]


   Out*fang"thef  (?),  n.  [AS.  .  See  Out,  Fang,  v. t., and Thief.]
   (Anglo-Saxon  & O. Eng. Law) (a) A thief from without or abroad, taken
   within  a  lord's  fee  or liberty. (b) The privilege of trying such a
   thief. Burrill.


   Out*fawn" (?), v. t. To exceed in fawning.


   Out*feast" (?), v. t. To exceed in feasting.


   Out*feat" (?), v. t. To surpass in feats.


   Out"field` (?), n.

   1.  Arable  land which has been or is being exhausted. See Infield, 1.

   2.  A  field  beyond,  or  separated from, the inclosed land about the
   homestead; an uninclosed or unexplored tract. Also used figuratively.

     The great outfield of thought or fact. Trench.

   3. (Baseball) The part of the field beyond the diamond, or infield. It
   is occupied by the fielders.

   4. (Cricket) The part of the field farthest from the batsman.


   Out"fit  (?),  n.  A  fitting  out,  or  equipment, as of a ship for a
   voyage,  or  of  a person for an expedition in an unoccupied region or
   residence  in  a  foreign  land;  things  required  for equipment; the
   expense  of, or allowance made for, equipment, as by the government of
   the United States to a diplomatic agent going abroad.


   Out"fit`ter (?), n. One who furnishes outfits for a voyage, a journey,
   or a business.


   Out*flank"  (?),  v. t. (Mil.) To go beyond, or be superior to, on the
   flank; to pass around or turn the flank or flanks of.


   Out*flat"ter (?), v. t. To exceed in flattering.


   Out"fling`, n. A gibe; a contemptuous remark.


   Out"flow` (?), n. A flowing out; efflux.


   Out*flow" (?), v. i. To flow out. Campbell.


   Out*fly"  (?),  v.  t. [imp. Outflew (?); p. p. Outflown (?); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Outflying.] To surpass in flying; to fly beyond or faster than.

     Winged with fear outflies the wind. Waller.


   Out*fool", v. t. To exceed in folly. [R.] Young.


   Out"form (?), n. External appearance. [Obs.]


   Out*frown" (?), v. t. To frown down; to overbear by frowning. Shak.


   Out"gate` (?), n. An outlet. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Out*gaze"  (?),  v.  t.  To  gaze  beyond;  to  exceed in sharpness or
   persistence   of  seeing  or  of  looking;  hence,  to  stare  out  of


   Out*gen"er*al   (?),   v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Outgeneraled  (?)  or
   Outgeneralled;  p.  pr.  & vb. n. Outgeneraling or Outgeneralling.] To
   exceed  in  generalship;  to  gain advantage over by superior military
   skill or executive ability; to outmaneuver. Chesterfield.


   Out*give" (?), v. t. To surpass in giving. Dryden.


   Out*go"  (?), v. t. [imp. Outwent (?); p. p. Outgone (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Outgoing.]

   1. To go beyond; to exceed in swiftness; to surpass; to outdo.

   2. To circumvent; to overreach. [Obs.] Denham.


   Out"go`  (?),  n.; pl. Outgoes (. That which goes out, or is paid out;
   outlay; expenditure; -- the opposite of income. Lowell.


   Out"go`er (?), n. One who goes out or departs.


   Out"go`ing, n.

   1. The act or the state of going out.

     The outgoings of the morning and evening. Ps. lxv. 8.

   2. That which goes out; outgo; outlay.

   3. The extreme limit; the place of ending. [Obs.]

     The  outgoings of the border were at the north bay of the salt sea,
     at the south end of Jordan. Josh. xviii. 19.


   Out"go`ing,  a. Going out; departing; as, the outgoing administration;
   an outgoing steamer.


   Out"ground`  (?),  n.  Ground  situated  at a distance from the house;
   outlying land.


   Out*grow"  (?),  v. t. [imp. Outgrew (?); p. p. Outgrown (?); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Outgrowing.]

   1. To surpass in growing; to grow more than. Shak.

   2.  To  grow out of or away from; to grow too large, or too aged, for;
   as,  to  outgrow  clothing;  to  outgrow  usefulness;  to  outgrow  an


   Out"growth`  (?),  n.  That  which  grows  out  of,  or proceeds from,
   anything; an excrescence; an offshoot; hence, a result or consequence.


   Out"guard`  (?),  n.  (Mil.)  A  guard  or  small  body of troops at a
   distance  from  the main body of an army, to watch for the approach of
   an  enemy;  hence,  anything for defense placed at a distance from the
   thing to be defended.


   Out"gush` (?), n. A pouring out; an outburst.

     A passionate outgush of emotion. Thackeray.


   Out*gush" (?), v. i. To gush out; to flow forth.


   Out"haul`  (?),  n.  (Naut.) A rope used for hauling out a sail upon a
   spar; -- opposite of inhaul.


   Out*hess" (?), n. [Cf. LL. uthesium, hutesium, huesium, OF. hueis, and
   E. hue, in hue and cry.] Outcry; alarm. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Outh"er (?), conj. Other. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Out-Her"od (?), v. t. To surpass (Herod) in violence or wickedness; to
   exceed  in any vicious or offensive particular. "It out-Herods Herod."

     Out-Heroding the preposterous fashions of the times. Sir W. Scott.


   Out*hire" (?), v. t. To hire out. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Out"house` (?), n. A small house or building at a little distance from
   the main house; an outbuilding.


   Out"ing, n.

   1. The act of going out; an airing; an excursion; as, a summer outing.

   2.  A  feast given by an apprentice when he is out of his time. [Prov.
   Eng.] Halliwell.


   Out*jest"  (?), v. t. To surpass in jesting; to drive out, or away, by
   jesting. [R.] Shak.


   Out"jet`  (?),  n. That which jets out or projects from anything. [R.]
   H. Miller.


   Out*jug"gle (?), v. t. To surpass in juggling.


   Out"keep`er  (?), n. (Surv.) An attachment to a surveyor's compass for
   keeping tally in chaining.


   Out*knave" (?), v. t. To surpass in knavery.


   Out*la"bor (?), v. t. To surpass in laboring.


   Out"land  (?),  a.  [Out + land. See Outlandish.] Foreign; outlandish.
   [Obs.] Strutt.


   Out"land*er (?), n. A foreigner. Wood.


   Out*land"ish (?), a. [AS. foreign. See Out, Land, and -ish.]

   1. Foreign; not native.

     Him did outlandish women cause to sin. Neh. xiii. 26.

     Its barley water and its outlandish wines. G. W. Cable.

   2. Hence: Not according with usage; strange; rude; barbarous; uncouth;
   clownish; as, an outlandish dress, behavior, or speech.

     Something  outlandish,  unearthy,  or  at  variance  with  ordinary
     fashion. Hawthorne.

   --Out*land"ish*ly, adv. -- Out*land"ish*ness, n.


   Out*last"  (?),  v.  t.  To  exceed in duration; to survive; to endure
   longer than. Milton.


   Out*laugh" (?), v. t.

   1. To surpass or outdo in laughing. Dryden.

   2.  To laugh (one) out of a purpose, principle, etc.; to discourage or
   discomfit by laughing; to laugh down. [R.]

     His apprehensions of being outlaughed will force him to continue in
     a restless obscurity. Franklin.


   Out"law`  (?),  n.  [AS. , . See Out, and Law.] A person excluded from
   the benefit of the law, or deprived of its protection. Blackstone.


   Out"law`,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Outlawed  (?);  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Outlawing.] [AS. .]

   1.  To  deprive of the benefit and protection of law; to declare to be
   an outlaw; to proscribe. Blackstone.

   2.  To  remove from legal jurisdiction or enforcement; as, to outlaw a
   debt   or  claim;  to  deprive  of  legal  force.  "Laws  outlawed  by
   necessity." Fuller.


   Out"law`ry (?), n.; pl. Outlawries (.

   1.  The  act  of outlawing; the putting a man out of the protection of
   law,  or  the  process  by  which a man (as an absconding criminal) is
   deprived of that protection.

   2. The state of being an outlaw.


   Out*lay"  (?),  v.  t.  To  lay  out;  to spread out; to display. [R.]


   Out"lay` (?), n.

   1. A laying out or expending.

   2. That which is expended; expenditure.

   3. An outlying haunt. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Out*leap" (?), v. t. To surpass in leaping.


   Out"leap` (?), n. A sally. [R.] Locke.


   Out*learn" (?), v. t.

   1. To excel or surpass in learing.

   2. To learn out [i. e., completely, utterly]; to exhaust knowledge of.

     Naught, according to his mind, He could outlearn. Spenser.

     Men and gods have not outlearned it [love]. Emerson.


   Out"let`  (?), n. The place or opening by which anything is let out; a
   passage out; an exit; a vent.

     Receiving all, and having no outlet. Fuller.


   Out*let" (?), v. t. To let out; to emit. [R.] Daniel.


   Out*lie" (?), v. t. To exceed in lying. Bp. Hall.


   Out"li`er (?), n.

   1. One who does not live where his office, or business, or estate, is.

   2. That which lies, or is, away from the main body.

   3.  (Geol.)  A part of a rock or stratum lying without, or beyond, the
   main body, from which it has been separated by denudation.


   Out"limb` (?), n, An extreme member or part of a thing; a limb. [Obs.]


   Out"line` (?), n.

   1.  (a)  The line which marks the outer limits of an object or figure;
   the  exterior  line  or  edge;  contour.  (b)  In art: A line drawn by
   pencil, pen, graver, or the like, by which the boundary of a figure is
   indicated.  (c)  A sketch composed of such lines; the delineation of a
   figure without shading.

     Painters, by their outlines, colors, lights, and shadows, represent
     the same in their pictures. Dryden.

   2.  Fig.:  A sketch of any scheme; a preliminary or general indication
   of  a  plan,  system,  course  of  thought, etc.; as, the outline of a

     But  that  larger  grief  .  .  .  Is given in outline and no more.

   Syn. -- Sketch; draught; delineation. See Sketch.


   Out"line`,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Outlined  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n.

   1. To draw the outline of.

   2. Fig.: To sketch out or indicate as by an outline; as, to outline an
   argument or a campaign.


   Out*lin"e*ar  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to an outline; being in, or
   forming, an outline. Trench.


   Out*live"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Outlived (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Outliving.] To live beyond, or longer than; to survive.

     They live too long who happiness outlive. Dryden.


   Out*liv"er (?), n. One who outlives. [R.]


   Out*look" (?), v. t.

   1. To face down; to outstare.

     To outlook conquest, and to win renown. Shak.

   2. To inspect throughly; to select. [Obs.] Cotton.


   Out"look`, n.

   1. The act of looking out; watch.

   2.  One  who  looks  out;  also, the place from which one looks out; a
   watchower. Lyon Playfair.

   3.  The  view  obtained by one looking out; scope of vision; prospect;
   sight; appearance.

     Applause Which owes to man's short outlook all its charms. Young.


   Out"loose`  (?),  n. A loosing from; an escape; an outlet; an evasion.

     That "whereas" gives me an outloose. Selden.


   Out"lope (?), n. An excursion. [Obs.] Florio.

                             Outluster, Outlustre

   Out*lus"ter,  Out*lus"tre (?), v. t. To excel in brightness or luster.


   Out"ly`ing (?), a. Lying or being at a distance from the central part,
   or the main body; being on, or beyond, the frontier; exterior; remote;

                          Outmaneuver, Outman\'d2uvre

   Out`ma*neu"ver,  Out`ma*n\'d2u"vre  (?),  v.  t. To surpass, or get an
   advantage of, in maneuvering; to outgeneral.


   Out*man"tle  (?),  v.  t.  To  excel  in  mantling; hence, to excel in
   splendor, as of dress. [R.]

     And  with  poetic  trappings grace thy prose, Till it outmantle all
     the pride of verse. Cowper.


   Out*march" (?), v. t. To surpass in marching; to march faster than, or
   so as to leave behind.


   Out*meas"ure  (?),  v.  t.  To exceed in measure or extent; to measure
   more than. Sir T. Browne.


   Out"most`  (?), a. [OE. outemest, utmest, AS. , a superl. fr. out. See
   Out, Utmost, and cf. Outermost.] Farthest from the middle or interior;
   farthest outward; outermost.


   Out*mount" (?), v. t. To mount above. [R.]


   Out*name" (?), v. t.

   1. To exceed in naming or describing. [R.]

   2. To exceed in name, fame, or degree. [Obs.]

     And found out one to outname thy other faults. Beau. & Fl.


   Out"ness (?), n.

   1. The state of being out or beyond; separateness.

   2.  (Metaph.)  The  state or quality of being distanguishable from the
   perceiving  mind,  by being in space, and possessing marerial quality;
   externality; objectivity.

     The outness of the objects of sense. Sir W. Hamiltom.


   Out*noise"  (?),  v.  t.  To exceed in noise; to surpass in noisiness.
   [R.] Fuller.


   Out*num"ber (?), v. t. To exceed in number.


   Out`-of-door"  (?),  a. Being out of the house; being, or done, in the
   open  air;  outdoor;  as, out-of-door exercise. See Out of door, under
   Out, adv.

     Amongst out-of-door delights. G. Eliot.


   Out`-of-the-way", a. See under Out, adv.


   Out*pace"  (?)  v. t. [Cf. Outpass.] To outgo; to move faster than; to
   leave behind. [R.] Lamb.


   Out*par"a*mour  (?), v. t. To exceed in the number of mistresses. [R.]


   Out"par`ish  (?),  n.  A  parish  lying  without the walls of, or in a
   remote part of, a town. Graunt.


   Out"part` (?), n. An outlying part. [R.] Ayliffe.


   Out*pass"  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  Outpace.]  To pass beyond; to exceed in


   Out*pas"sion (?), v. t. To exceed in passion.


   Out"-pa`tient  (?),  n.  A  patient  who  is  outside  a hospital, but
   receives medical aid from it.


   Out*peer" (?), v. t. To excel. [R.] Shak.


   Out*play"  (?),  v.  t.  To  excel or defeat in a game; to play better
   than; as, to be outplayed in tennis or ball.


   Out*poise" (?), v. t. To outweigh. Howell.


   Out"port`  (?),  n.  A  harbor or port at some distance from the chief
   town or seat of trade. Macaulay.


   Out"post` (?), n. (Mil.) (a) A post or station without the limits of a
   camp,  or at a distance from the main body of an army, for observation
   of the enemy. (b) The troops placed at such a station.


   Out*pour" (?), v. t. To pour out. Milton.


   Out"pour`, n. A flowing out; a free discharge.


   Out*pow"er (?), v. t. To excel in power; to overpover. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Out*pray" (?), v. t. To exceed or excel in prayer.


   Out*preach" (?), v. t. To surpass in preaching.

     And  for  a  villain's  quick  conversion A pillory can outpreach a
     parson. Trumbull.


   Out*prize"  (?),  v. t. To prize beyong value, or in excess; to exceed
   in value. [Obs.] Shak.


   Out"put` (?), n.

   1.  The  amount  of coal or ore put out from one or more mines, or the
   quantity  of  material  produced  by,  or turned out from, one or more
   furnaces or mills, in a given time.

   2.  (Physiol.)  That  which is thrown out as products of the metabolic
   activity of the body; the egesta other than the f\'91ces. See Income.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ou tput consists of: (a) The respiratory products
     of  the  lungs,  skin,  and alimentary canal, consisting chiefly of
     carbonic  acid  and  water  with  small  quantities of hydrogen and
     carbureted  hydrogen. (b) Perspiration, consisting chiefly of water
     and  salts.  (c)  The  urine,  which  is assumed to contain all the
     nitrogen  truly  excreted  by the body, besides a large quantity of
     saline matters and water. Foster.


   Out*quench"  (?),  v.  t.  To  quench  entirely;  to  extinguish. "The
   candlelight outquenched." Spenser.


   Out*rage" (?), v. t. [Out + rage.] To rage in excess of. [R.] Young.


   Out"rage  (?),  n. [F. outrage; OF. outre, oltre, beyond (F. outre, L.
   ultra) + -age, as, in courage, voyage. See Ulterior.]

   1.  Injurious  violence  or  wanton wrong done to persons or things; a
   gross violation of right or decency; excessive abuse; wanton mischief;
   gross injury. Chaucer.

     He wrought great outrages, wasting all the country. Spenser.

   2. Excess; luxury. [Obs.] Chaucer. Syn. -- Affront; insult; abuse. See


   Out"rage  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Outragen (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Outraging (?).] [F. outrager. See Outrage, n.]

   1.  To  commit  outrage  upon;  to  subject  to outrage; to treat with
   violence or excessive abuse.

     Base and insolent minds outrage men when they have hope of doing it
     without a return. Atterbury.

     This interview outrages all decency. Broome.

   2.  Specifically,  to  violate;  to commit an indecent assault upon (a


   Out"rage, v. t. To be guilty of an outrage; to act outrageously.


   Out*ra"geous (?), a. [OF. outrageus, F. outrageux. See Outrage, n.] Of
   the  nature  of  an outrage; exceeding the limits of right, reason, or
   decency;  involving  or doing an outrage; furious; violent; atrocious.
   "Outrageous  weeping."  Chaucer. "The most outrageous villainies." Sir
   P.   Sidney.   "The   vile,   outrageous  crimes."  Shak.  "Outrageous
   panegyric." Dryden.

   Page 1020

   Syn. -- Violent; furious; exorbitant; excessive; atrocious; monstrous;
   wanton;   nefarious;   heinous.   --   Out*ra"geous*ly  (#),  adv.  --
   Out*ra"geous*ness, n.


   Ou`trance"  (?),  n.  [F. See Outr\'90.] The utmost or last extremity.
   Combat \'85 outrance, a fight to the end, or to the death.


   Out*rank" (?), v. t. To exceed in rank; hence, to take precedence of.


   Out*ray" (?), v. t. To outshine. [R.] Skelton.


   Out*ray", v. i. To spread out in array. [Obs.]

     And now they outray to your fleet. Chapman.


   Out*raye" (?), v. i. See Outrage, v. i. [Obs.]

     This  warn  I  you, that ye not suddenly Out of yourself for no woe
     should outraye. Chaucer.


   Out*raze" (?), v. t. To obliterate. [Obs.] Sandys.


   Ou`tr\'82"  (?),  a.  [F., p. p. of outrer to exaggerate, fr. L. ultra
   beyond.  See  Outrage.]  Being  out  of  the  common course or limits;
   extravagant; bizarre.


   Out*reach" (?), v. t. To reach beyond.


   Out*rea"son  (?),  v.  t.  To excel or surpass in reasoning; to reason
   better than. South.


   Out*reck"on  (?),  v.  t.  To  exceed in reckoning or computation. Bp.


   Ou`tre*cui`dance"  (?), n. [F., fr. outre beyond + cuider to think, L.
   cogitare.] Excessive presumption. [R.] B. Jonson.


   Out*rede" (?), v. t. To surpass in giving rede, or counsel. [Obs.] See
   Atrede. Chaucer.


   Out*reign"  (?),  v. t. To go beyond in reigning; to reign through the
   whole of, or longer than. [R.] Spenser.


   Out*ride"  (?), v. t. To surpass in speed of riding; to ride beyond or
   faster than. Shak.


   Out"ride`, n.

   1. A riding out; an excursion. [R.]

   2. A place for riding out. [R.]


   Out"rid`er (?), n.

   1. A summoner whose office is to cite men before the sheriff. [Obs.]

   2. One who rides out on horseback. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   3. A servant on horseback attending a carriage.


   Out"rig`ger (?), n.

   1.  Any spar or projecting timber run out for temporary use, as from a
   ship's mast, to hold a rope or a sail extended, or from a building, to
   support hoisting teckle.

   2.  (Naut.)  (a) A projecting support for a rowlock, extended from the
   side of a boat. (b) A boat thus equipped. (c) A projecting contrivance
   at the side of a boat to prevent upsetting, as projecting spars with a
   log at the end.


   Out"right` (?), adv.

   1. Immediately; without delay; at once; as, he was killed outright.

   2. Completely; utterly. Cardinal Manning.


   Out*ring"  (?),  v.  t.  To  excel in volume of ringing sound; to ring
   louder than.


   Out*ri"val (?), v. t. To surpass in a rivalry.


   Out*rive" (?), v. t. To river; to sever. [Obs.] Fairfax.

                               Outroad, Outrode

   Out"road`,  Out"rode`  (?),  n.  An excursion. [Obs.] "Outrodes by the
   ways of Judea." Macc. xv. 41 (Geneva Bible).


   Out*roar" (?), v. t. To exceed in roaring.


   Out`ro*mance" (?), v. t. To exceed in romantic character. [R.] Fuller.


   Out"room` (?), n. An outer room. [R.] Fuller.


   Out*root" (?), v. t. To eradicate; to extirpate.


   Out*run"  (?),  v.  t. [imp. Outran (?); p. p. Outrun; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Outrunning.]  To  exceed,  or  leave behind, in running; to run faster
   than; to outstrip; to go beyond.

     Your zeal outruns my wishes. Sir W. Scott.

     The  other  disciple  did  outrun  Peter,  and  came  first  to the
     sepulcher. Jhon xx. 4.


   Out*run"ner (?), n. An offshoot; a branch. [R.] "Some outrunner of the
   river." Lauson.


   Out*rush" (?), v. i. To rush out; to issue, or ru Garth.


   Out*sail" (?), v. t. To excel, or to leave behind, in sailing; to sail
   faster than. Beau. & Fl.


   Out*scent" (?), v. t. To exceed in odor. Fuller.


   Out*scold" (?), v. t. To exceed in scolding. Shak.


   Out*scorn"  (?),  v.  t.  To  confront, or subdue, with greater scorn.


   Out"scour`ing (?), n. That which is scoured out o Buckland.


   Out*scout"  (?),  v.  t.  To  overpower by disdain; to outface. [Obs.]


   Out*see" (?), v. t. To see beyond; to excel in cer


   Out*sell" (?), v. t.

   1. To exceed in amount of sales; to sell more than.

   2. To exceed in the price of selling; to fetch more than; to exceed in
   value. Fuller. Shak.


   Out"sen`try  (?),  n.  (Mil.)  A  sentry  who  guards  the entrance or
   approach to a place; an outguard.


   Out"set` (?), n. A setting out, starting, or beginning. "The outset of
   a political journey." Burke.

     Giving a proper direction to this outset of life. J. Hawes.


   Out"set`tler  (?),  n.  One  who  settles at a distance, or away, from


   Out*shine"  (?),  v.  i.  To  shine forth. "Bright, outshining beams."


   Out*shine", v. t. To excel in splendor.

     A throne of royal state, which far Outshone the wealth of Ormus and
     of Ind. Milton.


   Out*shoot" (?), v. t. To exceed or excel in shooting; to shoot beyond.

     Men are resolved never to outshoot their forefathers' mark. Norris.


   Out*shut" (?), v. t. To shut out. [R.] Donne.


   Out"side` (?), n.

   1.  The  external  part of a thing; the part, end, or side which forms
   the  surface;  that  which  appears,  or  is  manifest;  that which is
   superficial; the exterior.

     There  may  be  great  need  of an outside where there is little or
     nothing within. South.

     Created beings see nothing but our outside. Addison.

   2.  The part or space which lies without an inclosure; the outer side,
   as of a door, walk, or boundary.

     I  threw open the door of my chamber, and found the family standing
     on the outside. Spectator.

   3.  The  furthest  limit,  as  to  number, quantity, extent, etc.; the
   utmost; as, it may last a week at the outside.

   4. One who, or that which, is without; hence, an outside passenger, as
   distinguished from one who is inside. See Inside, n. 3. [Colloq. Eng.]


   Out"side` (?), a.

   1. Of or pertaining to the outside; external; exterior; superficial.

   2.  Reaching  the  extreme  or farthest limit, as to extent, quantity,
   etc.; as, an outside estimate. [Colloq.]
   Outside  finish (Arch.), a term for the minor parts, as corner boards,
   hanging  stiles,  etc.,  required to complete the exterior of a wooden
   building; -- rare in masonry.


   Out"side`  (?),  adv.  or prep. On or to the outside (of); without; on
   the exterior; as, to ride outside the coach; he stayed outside.


   Out`sid"er (?), n.

   1.  One not belonging to the concern, institution, party, etc., spoken
   of; one disconnected in interest or feeling. [Recent] A. Trollope.

   2.  A  locksmith's  pinchers  for  grasping  the point of a key in the
   keyhole, to open a door from the outside when the key is inside.

   3. A horse which is not a favorite in the betting. [Cant]


   Out*sing" (?), v. t. To surpass in singing.


   Out*sit"  (?), v. t. To remain sitting, or in session, longer than, or
   beyond the time of; to outstay.


   Out"skirt`  (?), n. A part remote from the center; outer edge; border;
   -- usually in the plural; as, the outskirts of a town. Wordsworth.

     The outskirts of his march of mystery. Keble.


   Out*sleep" (?), v. t. To exceed in sleeping. Shak.


   Out*slide" (?), v. i. To slide outward, onward, or forward; to advance
   by sliding. [Poetic]

     At last our grating keels outslide. Whittier.


   Out*soar" (?), v. t. To soar beyond or above.


   Out"sole` (?), n. The outside sole of a boot or shoe.


   Out*sound" (?), v. t. To surpass in sounding.


   Out*span"  (?), v. t. & i. [D. uitspannen.] To unyoke or disengage, as
   oxen from a wagon. [S. Africa]


   Out*spar"kle (?), v. t. To exceed in sparkling.


   Out*speak" (?), v. t.

   1. To exceed in speaking.

   2. To speak openly or boldly. T. Campbell.

   3. To express more than. Shak.


   Out*speed" (?), v. t. To excel in speed.

     Outspeed the realized miracles of steam. Talfourd.


   Out"spend` (?), n. Outlay; expenditure. [R.]

     A mere outspend of savageness. I. Taylor.


   Out*spin" (?), v. t. To spin out; to finish.


   Out*spo"ken  (?),  a.  Speaking, or spoken, freely, openly, or boldly;
   as, an outspoken man; an outspoken rebuke. -- Out*spo"ken*ness, n.


   Out*sport"  (?),  v.  t.  To exceed in sporting. [R.] "Not to outsport
   discretion." Shak.


   Out*spread"  (?), v. t. To spread out; to expand; -- usually as a past
   part. OR adj.


   Out*spring" (?), v. i. To spring out; to issue.


   Out*stand"  (?),  v.  i.  To  stand out, or project, from a surface or
   mass; hence, to remain standing out.


   Out*stand", v. t.

   1.  To  resist effectually; to withstand; to sustain without yielding.
   [R.] Woodward.

   2. To stay beyond. "I have outstood my time." Shak.


   Out*stand"ing,  a.  That  stands  out;  undischarged; uncollected; not
   paid; as, outstanding obligations.

     Revenues . . . as well outstanding as collected. A. Hamilton.


   Out*stare" (?), v. t. To excel or overcome in staring; to face down.

     I would outstare the sternest eyes that look. Shak.


   Out*start" (?), v. i. To start out or up. Chaucer.


   Out*stay" (?), v. t. To stay beyond or longer than.

     She concluded to outstay him. Mad. D' Arblay.


   Out*step" (?), v. t. To exceed in stepping.


   Out*storm" (?), v. t. To exceed in storming.

     Insults the tempest and outstorms the skies. J. Barlow.


   Out"street`  (?),  n.  A  street  remote  from  the  center of a town.


   Out*stretch" (?), v. t. To stretch out. Milton.


   Out*stride" (?), v. t. To surpass in striding.


   Out*strike" (?), v. t. To strike out; to strike faster than. Shak.


   Out*strip"  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Outstripped (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Outstripping.]  To  go  faster  than; to outrun; to advance beyond; to
   leave behing.

     Appetites which . . . had outstripped the hours. Southey.

     He still outstript me in the race. Tennyson.


   Out*suf"fer (?), v. t. To exceed in suffering.


   Out*swear" (?), v. t. To exceed in swearing.


   Out*sweet"en (?), v. t. To surpass in sweetness. [R.] Shak.


   Out*swell" (?), v. t.

   1. To exceed in swelling.

   2. To swell beyond; to overflow. [Obs.] Hewyt.


   Out*take" (?), prep. Except. [Obs.] R. of Brunne.


   Out*tak"en (?), p. p. or prep. Excepted; save. [Obs.] Wyclif. Chaucer.


   Out*talk" (?), v. t. To overpower by talking; to exceed in talking; to
   talk down. Shak.


   Out*tell" (?), v. t. To surpass in telling, counting, or reckoning. "I
   have outtold the clock." Beau. & Fl.


   Out"term`  (?),  n.  An external or superficial thing; outward manner;
   superficial remark, etc. [Obs.]

     Not to bear cold forms, nor men's outterms. B. Jonson.


   Out*throw" (?), v. t.

   1. To throw out. Spenser.

   2. To excel in throwing, as in ball playing.


   Out*toil" (?), v. t. To exceed in toiling.


   Out*tongue"  (?),  v.  t.  To  silence by talk, clamor, or noise. [R.]


   Out*top" (?), v. t. To overtop. [Obs.]


   Out*trav"el (?), v. t. To exceed in speed o Mad. D' Arblay.


   Out*twine" (?), v. t. To disentangle. [Obs.]


   Out*val"ue (?), v. t. To exceed in value. Boyle.


   Out*ven"om (?), v. t. To exceed in venom.


   Out*vie" (?), v. t. To exceed in vying. Dryden.


   Out*vil"lain (?), v. t. To exceed in villainy.


   Out*voice" (?), v. t. To exceed in noise. Shak.


   Out*vote" (?), v. t. To exceed in the number of votes given; to defeat
   by votes. South.


   Out*walk"  (?), v. t. To excel in walking; to leave behind in walking.
   B. Jonson.


   Out"wall`   (?),  n.  The  exterior  wall;  the  outside  surface,  or
   appearance. Shak.

                               Outward, Outwards

   Out"ward  (?), Out"wards (?), adv. [AS. . See Out, and -ward, -wards.]
   From  the  interior  part; in a direction from the interior toward the
   exterior;  out;  to  the  outside; beyond; off; away; as, a ship bound

     The wrong side may be turned outward. Shak.

     Light falling on them is not reflected outwards. Sir I. Newton.

   Outward  bound,  bound in an outward direction or to foreign parts; --
   said especially of vessels, and opposed to homeward bound.
   Out"ward, a. 

   1.  Formmg  the  superficial  part;  external; exterior; -- opposed to
   inward; as, an outward garment or layer.

     Though our outward man perish, yet the inward man is renewed day by
     day. Cor. iv. 16.

   2.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  outer surface or to what is external;
   manifest; public. "Sins outward." Chaucer.

     An outward honor for an in ward toil. Shak.

   3.  Foreign;  not  civil  or  intestine;  as,  an  outward war. [Obs.]

   4. Tending to the exterior or outside.

     The fire will force its outward way. Dryden.

   --  Out"ward*ly,  adv.  --  Out"ward*ness,  n.  Outward stroke. (Steam
   Engine) See under Stroke.


   Out"ward, n. External form; exterior. [R.]

     So fair an outward and such stuff within. Shak.


   Out"wards (?), adv. See Outward, adv.


   Out*watch" (?), v. t. To exceed in watching.


   Out"way` (?), n. A way out; exit. [R.]

     In divers streets and outways multiplied. P. Fletcher.


   Out*wear" (?), v. t.

   1. To wear out; to consume or destroy by wearing. Milton.

   2.  To  last  longer than; to outlast; as, this cloth will outwear the
   other. "If I the night outwear." Pope.


   Out*wea"ry (?), v. t. To weary out. Cowley.


   Out*weed" (?), v. t. To weed out. [Obs.]


   Out*weep" (?), v. t. To exceed in weeping.


   Out*weigh" (?), v. t. To exceed in weight or value.


   Out*well" (?), v. t. To pour out. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Out*well", v. i. To issue forth. Thomson.


   Out*went" (?), imp. of Outgo.


   Out*whore" (?), v. t. To exceed in lewdness.


   Out*win" (?), v. t. To win a way out of. [Obs.]


   Out*wind"  (?),  v.  t.  To  extricate  by  winding;  to unloose. [R.]
   Spenser. Dr. H. More.


   Out*wing" (?), v. t. To surpass, exceed, or outstrip in flying. Garth.


   Out*wit"  (?),  v. t. To surpass in wisdom, esp. in cunning; to defeat
   or overreach by superior craft.

     They did so much outwit and outwealth us ! Gauden.


   Out"wit  (?),  n.  The  faculty of acquiring wesdom by observation and
   experience,  or  the  wisdom  so acquired; -- opposed to inwit. [Obs.]
   Piers Plowman.


   Out*woe" (?), v. t. To exceed in woe. [Obs.]


   Out*work"  (?),  v.  t.  To  exceed in working; to work more or faster


   Out"work`  (?), n. (Fort.) A minor defense constructed beyond the main
   body of a work, as a ravelin, lunette, hornwork, etc. Wilhelm.


   Out*worth" (?), v. t. To exceed in worth. [R.]


   Out*wrest"  (?),  v.  t. To extort; to draw from or forth by violence.
   [Obs.] Spenser.


   Out*write" (?), v. t. To exceed or excel in writing.


   Out*za"ny (?), v. t. To exceed in buffoonery. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Ou*va"ro*vite  (?),  n. [Named from the Russian Count Uvaroff.] (Min.)
   Chrome garnet.


   Ouze (?), n. & v. See Ooze. [Obs.]


   Ou"zel (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Ousel.

     The mellow ouzel fluted in the elm. Tennyson.


   O"va (?), n. pl. See Ovum.


   O"val (?), a. [F. ovale, fr. L. ovum egg. Cf. Egg, Ovum.]

   1.  Of  or pertaining to eggs; done in the egg, or inception; as, oval
   conceptions. [Obs.]

   2.  Having  the figure of an egg; oblong and curvilinear, with one end
   broader  than  the other, or with both ends of about the same breadth;
   in popular usage, elliptical.

   3. (Bot.) Broadly elliptical.
   Oval chuck (Mech.), a lathe chuck so constructed that work attached to
   it,  and  cut  by  the turning tool in the usual manner, becomes of an
   oval form.


   O"val, n. A body or figure in the shape of an egg, or popularly, of an
   ellipse.  Cassinian  oval (Geom.), the locus of a point the product of
   whose  distances  from two fixed points is constant; -- so called from
   Cassini,  who first investigated the curve. Thus, in the diagram, if P
   moves  so  that P A.P B is constant, the point P describes a Cassinian
   oval.  The  locus may consist of a single closed line, as shown by the
   dotted  line,  or  of  two  equal  ovals about the points A and B. <--
   Illustr. of Cassinian Oval -->
   Page 1021

                             Ovalbumin, Ovalbumen

   O`val*bu"min  (?),  O`val*bu"men  (?),  n. [Ovum + albumin.] (Physiol.
   Chem.)  The albumin from white of eggs; egg albumin; -- in distinction
   from serum albumin. See Albumin.


   O*val"i*form (?), a. [Oval + -form.] Having the form of an egg; having
   a  figure  such  that  any  section  in  the  direction of the shorter
   diameter  will  be  circular,  and  any in the direction of the longer
   diameter will be oval.


   O"val*ly (?), adv. In an oval form.


   O"vant  (?),  a.  [L.  ovans  triumphant,  p.  pr. of ovare to exult.]
   Exultant. [Obs.] Holland.

                               Ovarian, Ovarial

   O*va"ri*an (?), O*va"ri*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to an ovary.


   O*va"ri*ole  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the tubes of which the ovaries
   of most insects are composed.


   O*va`ri*ot"o*mist  (?),  n.  One  who  performs,  or  is  skilled  in,


   O*va`ri*ot"o*my  (?),  n.  [Ovarium  +  Gr.  (Surg.)  The operation of
   removing one or both of the ovaries; o\'94phorectomy.


   O*va"ri*ous  (?),  a.  Consisting  of  eggs;  as,  ovarious food. [R.]


   O`va*ri"tis  (?), n. [NL. See Ovarium, and -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation
   of the ovaries.


   O*va"ri*um  (?),  n.;  pl.  L.  Ovaria  (#), E. Ovariums (#). [NL.] An
   ovary. See Ovary.


   O"va*ry  (?),  n.; pl. Ovaries (#). [NL. ovarium, fr. L. ovum egg: cf.
   F. ovaire. See Oval.]

   1. (Bot.) That part of the pistil which contains the seed, and in most
   flowering plants develops into the fruit. See Illust. of Flower.

   2. (Zo\'94l. & Anat.) The essential female reproductive organ in which
   the ova are produced. See Illust. of Discophora.


   O"vate (?), a. [L. ovatus, from ovum egg. See Oval.]

   1. Shaped like an egg, with the lower extremity broadest.

   2.  (Bot.)  Having the shape of an egg, or of the longitudinal sectior
   of an egg, with the broader end basal. Gray.


   O"vate-a*cu"mi*nate  (?), a. Having an ovate form, but narrowed at the
   end into a slender point.


   O"vate-cyl`in*dra"ceous  (?),  a.  Having  a form intermediate between
   ovate and cylindraceous.


   O"va*ted (?), a. Ovate.


   O"vate-lan"ce*o*late  (?), a. Having a form intermediate between ovate
   and lanceolate.


   O"vate-ob"long  (?),  a. Oblong. with one end narrower than the other;


   O"vate-ro*tund"ate  (?), a. Having a form intermediate between that of
   an egg and a sphere; roundly ovate.


   O"vate-su"bu*late  (?),  a.  Having an ovate form, but with a subulate
   tip or extremity.


   O*va"tion  (?), n. [L. ovatio, fr. ovare to exult, rejoice, triumph in
   an ovation; cf. Gr. ovation.]

   1.  (Rom.  Antiq.) A lesser kind of triumph allowed to a commander for
   an easy, bloodless victory, or a victory over slaves.

   2.  Hence:  An  expression  of  popular  homage;  the  tribute  of the
   multitude to a public favorite.

     To rain an April of ovation round Their statues. Tennyson.


   O*va"to-a*cu"mi*nate (?), a. Same as Ovate-acuminate.


   O*va"to-cyl`in*dra"ceous (?), a. Same as Ovate-cylindraceous.


   O*va"to-ob"long (?), a. Same as Ovate-oblong.


   O*va"to-ro*tund"ate (?), a. Same as Ovate-rotundate.


   Ov"en  (?),  n.  [AS. ofen; akin to D. oven, OHG. ofan, ovan, G. ofen,
   Icel.  ofn,  Dan.  ovn,  Sw.  ugn, Goth. a\'a3hns, Gr. ukh\'be pot.] A
   place  arched  over  with  brick  or  stonework,  and used for baking,
   heating,  or  drying; hence, any structure, whether fixed or portable,
   which  may be heated for baking, drying, etc.; esp., now, a chamber in
   a stove, used for baking or roasting.


   Ov"en*bird` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any species of the genus Furnarius,
   allied  to  the  creepers.  They  inhabit  South  America and the West
   Indies,  and  construct  curious  oven-shaped nests. (b) In the United
   States,  Seiurus  aurocapillus;  -- called also golden-crowned thrush.
   (c)  In  England,  sometimes applied to the willow warbler, and to the
   long-tailed titmouse.


   O"ver  (?),  prep.  [AS. ofer; akin to D. over, G. \'81ber, OHG. ubir,
   ubar,  Dan.  over, Sw. \'94fver, Icel. yfir, Goth. ufar, L. super, Gr.
   upari. Above, Eaves, Hyper-, Orlop, Super-, Sovereign, Up.]

   1.  Above,  or  higher  than,  in  place or position, with the idea of
   covering;  --  opposed  to  under;  as, clouds are over our heads; the
   smoke rises over the city.

     The mercy seat that is over the testimony. Ex. xxx. 6.

     Over   them  gleamed  far  off  the  crimson  banners  of  morning.

   2.  Across;  from  side  to  side of; -- implying a passing or moving,
   either  above  the  substance or thing, or on the surface of it; as, a
   dog leaps over a stream or a table.

     Certain lakes . . . poison birds which fly over them. Bacon.

   3.  Upon  the  surface of, or the whole surface of; hither and thither
   upon; throughout the whole extent of; as, to wander over the earth; to
   walk over a field, or over a city.

   4.  Above;  -- implying superiority in excellence, dignity, condition,
   or  value;  as,  the advantages which the Christian world has over the
   heathen. Swift.

   5.  Above  in authority or station; -- implying government, direction,
   care, attention, guard, responsibility, etc.; -- opposed to under.

     Thou shalt be over my house. Gen. xli. 40.

     I will make thee rules over many things. Matt. xxv. 23.

     Dost thou not watch over my sin ? Job xiv. 16.

     His tender mercies are over all his works. Ps. cxlv. 9.

   6. Across or during the time of; from beginning to end of; as, to keep
   anything over night; to keep corn over winter.

   7.  Above  the  perpendicular  height  or  length  of, with an idea of
   measurement;  as, the water, or the depth of water, was over his head,
   over his shoes.

   8.  Beyond;  in excess of; in addition to; more than; as, it cost over
   five dollars. "Over all this." Chaucer.

   9.   Above,  implying  superiority  after  a  contest;  in  spite  of;
   notwithstanding;  as,  he  triumphed  over  difficulties; the bill was
   passed over the veto.

     NOTE: &hand; Over, in poetry, is often contracted into o'er.

     NOTE: &hand; Ov er hi s signature (or name) is a substitute for the
     idiomatic  English  form, under his signature (name, hand and seal,
     etc.),  the  reference  in  the  latter form being to the authority
     under  which  the  writing is made, executed, or published, and not
     the place of the autograph, etc.

   Over  all  (Her.),  placed  over or upon other bearings, and therefore
   hinding  them  in  part;  --  said of a charge. -- Over head and ears,
   beyond  one's depth; completely; wholly; hopelessly; as, over head and
   ears in debt. <-- = head over heels -->[Colloq.] -- Over the left. See
   under Left. -- To run over (Mach.), to have rotation in such direction
   that  the crank pin traverses the upper, or front, half of its path in
   the  forward,  or outward, stroke; -- said of a crank which drives, or
   is driven by, a reciprocating piece.


   O"ver (?), adv.

   1. From one side to another; from side to side; across; crosswise; as,
   a board, or a tree, a foot over, i. e., a foot in diameter.

   2.  From  one  person  or place to another regarded as on the opposite
   side  of a space or barrier; -- used with verbs of motion; as, to sail
   over  to England; to hand over the money; to go over to the enemy. "We
   will  pass over to Gibeah." Judges xix. 12. Also, with verbs of being:
   At, or on, the opposite side; as, the boat is over.

   3. From beginning to end; throughout the course, extent, or expanse of
   anything;  as,  to  look  over  accounts, or a stock of goods; a dress
   covered over with jewels.

   4. From inside to outside, above or across the brim.

     Good measure, pressed down . . . and running over. Luke vi. 38.

   5.   Beyond   a   limit;  hence,  in  excessive  degree  or  quantity;
   superfluously;  with  repetition;  as,  to do the whole work over. "So
   over violent." Dryden.

     He that gathered much had nothing over. Ex. xvi. 18.

   6.  In  a manner to bring the under side to or towards the top; as, to
   turn (one's self) over; to roll a stone over; to turn over the leaves;
   to tip over a cart.

   7.  At  an  end; beyond the limit of continuance; completed; finished.
   "Their  distress  was  over."  Macaulay.  "The feast was over." Sir W.

     NOTE: &hand; Over, out, off, and similar adverbs, are often used in
     the  predicate  with the sense and force of adjectives, agreeing in
     this  respect  with  the adverbs of place, here, there, everywhere,
     nowhere;  as, the games were over; the play is over; the master was
     out; his hat is off.

     NOTE: &hand; Ov er is  mu ch us ed in  co mposition, wi th the same
     significations  that  it  has  as  a separate word; as in overcast,
     overflow,  to cast or flow so as to spread over or cover; overhang,
     to  hang  above;  overturn,  to  turn  so as to bring the underside
     towards  the  top;  overact,  overreach,  to  act  or reach beyond,
     implying excess or superiority.

   All  over.  (a)  Over the whole; upon all parts; completely; as, he is
   spatterd  with mud all over. (b) Wholly over; at an end; as, it is all
   over  with  him.  --  Over  again, once more; with repetition; afresh;
   anew.  Dryden.  --  Over against, opposite; in front. Addison. -- Over
   and  above,  in a manner, or degree, beyond what is supposed, defined,
   or usual; besides; in addition; as, not over and above well. "He . . .
   gained,  over and above, the good will of all people." L' Estrange. --
   Over and over, repeatedly; again and again. -- To boil over. See under
   Boil,  v.  i.  --  To come it over, To do over, To give over, etc. See
   under  Come,  Do,  Give, etc. -- To throw over, to abandon; to betray.
   Cf. To throw overboard, under Overboard.


   O"ver, a. Upper; covering; higher; superior; also, excessive; too much
   or too great; -- chiefly used in composition; as, overshoes, overcoat,
   over-garment, overlord, overwork, overhaste.


   O"ver, n. (Cricket) A certain number of balls (usually four) delivered
   successively  from  behind  ine wicket, after which the ball is bowled
   from  behing  the  other  wicket  as many times, the fielders changing


   O`ver*a*bound"  (?),  v. i. To be exceedingly plenty or superabundant.


   O`ver*act" (?), v. t.

   1.  To  act  or  perform  to  excess;  to exaggerate in acting; as, he
   overacted his part.

   2. To act upon, or influence, unduly. [Obs.]

     The hope of inheritance overacts them. Milton.


   O`ver*act"  (?),  v. i. To act more than is necessary; to go to excess
   in action. B. Jonson.


   O"ver*ac"tion (?), n. Per


   O`ver*af*fect" (?), v. t. To affect or care for unduly. [Obs.] Milton.


   O`ver*ag"i*tate  (?),  v.  t.  To  agitate  or  discuss beyond what is
   expedient. Bp. Hall.


   O"ver*all (?), adv. Everywhere. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   O"ver*alls (?), n. pl.

   1.  A  kind  of  loose  trousers worn over others to protect them from

   2. Waterproof leggings. R. D. Blackmore.


   O"ver*anx*i"e*ty  (?),  n.  The  state of being overanxious; excessive


   O"ver*anx"ious  (?), a. Anxious in an excessive or needless degree. --
   O"ver*anx"ious*ly, adv.


   O`ver*arch"  (?),  v.  t.  & i. To make or place an arch over; to hang
   over like an arch. "Brown with o'erarching shades." Pope.


   O"ver-arm`  (?), a. (Cricket, etc.) Done (as bowling or pitching) with
   the  arm  raised above the shoulder. See Overhard. "An over-arm with a
   round-arm bowler." R. A. Proctor.


   O`ver*awe"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Overawed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overawing.]  To  awe  exceedingly;  to subjugate or restrain by awe or
   great fear.

     The  king  was  present  in person to overlook the magistrates, and
     overawe these subjects with the terror of his sword. Spenser.


   O"ver*aw"ful  (?),  a.  Awful, or reverential, in an excessive degree.
   [R.] Milton.


   O`ver*bal"ance (?), v. t.

   1. To exceed equality with; to outweigh. Locke.

   2. To cause to lose balance or equilibrium.


   O"ver*bal`ance  (?), n. Excess of weight or value; something more than
   an equivalent; as, an overbalance of exports. J. Edwards.


   O"ver*bar"ren (?), a. Excessively barren.


   O"ver*bat"tle (?), a. [Over + battle, a.] Excessively fertile; bearing
   rank or noxious growths. [Obs.] "Overbattle grounds." Hooker.


   O`ver*bear" (?), v. t.

   1.  To  bear down or carry down, as by excess of weight, power, force,
   etc.; to overcome; to suppress.

     The  point  of  reputation,  when the news first came of the battle
     lost, did overbear the reason of war. Bacon.

     Overborne with weight the Cyprians fell. Dryden.

     They are not so ready to overbear the adversary who goes out of his
     own country to meet them. Jowett (Thucyd. )

   2. To domineer over; to overcome by insolence.


   O`ver*bear",  v.  i.  To  bear fruit or offspring to excess; to be too


   O`ver*bear"ing, a.

   1. Overpowering; subduing; repressing. I. Watts.

   2.    Aggressively   haughty;   arrogant;   domineering;   tyrannical;
   dictatorial;      insolent.      --O`ver*bear"ing*ly,      adv.     --
   O`ver*bear"ing*ness, n.


   O`ver*bend" (?), v. t. To bend to excess.


   O`ver*bend", v. i. To bend over. [R.]


   O`ver*bid" (?), v. t. To bid or offer beyond, or in excess of. Dryden.


   O`ver*bide" (?), v. t. To outlive. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   O`ver*blow" (?), v. i.

   1. To blow over, or be subdued. [R.] Spenser.

   2.  (Mus.)  To  force  so  much  wind  into a pipe that it produces an
   overtone,  or  a  note  higher  than the natural note; thus, the upper
   octaves of a flute are produced by overblowing.


   O`ver*blow", v. t. To blow away; to dissipate by wind, or as by wind.

     When this cloud of sorrow's overblown. Waller.


   O"ver*board`  (?),  adv. Over the side of a ship; hence, from on board
   of  a ship, into the water; as, to fall overboard. To throw overboard,
   to discard; to abandon, as a dependent or friend.


   O`ver*boil" (?), v. i. To boil over or unduly.

     Nor  is  discontent  to keep the mind Deep in its fountain, lest it
     overboil In the hot throng. Byron.


   O`ver*bold"  (?),  a.  Excessively  or  presumptuously bold; impudent.
   Shak. -- O"ver*bold"ly, adv.


   O"ver*book"ish (?), a. Excessively bookish.


   O"ver*boun"te*ous, a. Bounteous to excess.


   O`ver*bow"  (?),  v.  t.  To  bend  or bow over; to bend in a contrary
   direction. [Obs.] Fuller.


   O`ver*breed" (?), v. t. To breed to excess.


   O`ver*brim"  (?),  v.  i.  To  flow over the brim; to be so full as to
   overflow. [R.]


   O`ver*brow"  (?),  v.  t.  To  hang  over like a brow; to impend over.
   [Poetic] Longfellow.

     Did   with   a   huge  projection  overbrow  Large  space  beneath.


   O`ver*build" (?), v. t.

   1. To build over. Milton.

   2. To build too much; to build beyond the demand.


   O`ver*built"  (?), a. Having too many buildings; as, an overbuilt part
   of a town.


   O`ver*bulk"  (?),  v. t. To oppress by bulk; to overtower. [Obs. & R.]


   O`ver*bur"den  (?),  v.  t.  To load with too great weight or too much
   care, etc. Sir P. Sidney.


   O"ver*bur`den,  n.  The  waste  which overlies good stone in a quarry.


   O"ver*bur"den*some (?), a. Too burdensome.


   O`ver*burn" (?), v. t. & i. To burn too much; to be overzealous.


   O"ver-bus"y (?), a. Too busy; officious.


   O`ver*buy" (?), v. t.

   1. To buy too much.

   2. To buy at too dear a rate. Dryden.


   O`ver*can"o*py (?), v. t. To cover as with a canopy. Shak.


   O`ver*ca"pa*ble (?), a. Too capable. [R.]

     Overcapable of such pleasing errors. Hooker.


   O"ver*care" (?), n. Excessive care. Dryden.

   Page 1022


   O"ver*care"ful (?), a. Too careful. Shak.


   O"ver*cark"ing  (?),  a.  Too  anxious;  too  full  of care. [Archaic]


   O`ver*car"ry  (?),  v.  t.  & i. To carry too far; to carry beyond the
   proper point. Hayward.


   O`ver*cast" (?), v. t.

   1. To cast or cover over; hence, to cloud; to darken.

     Those clouds that overcast your morn shall fly. Dryden.

   2. To compute or rate too high. Bacon.

   3.  (Sewing)  To  take  long,  loose stitches over (the raw edges of a
   seam) to prevent raveling.


   O`ver*catch" (?), v. t. To overtake. [Obs.]


   O"ver*cau"tious  (?),  a. Too cautious; cautious or prudent to excess.
   -- O"ver*cau"tious*ly, adv. -- O"ver*cau"tiou*ness, n.


   O"ver*change`  (?),  n.  Too  much or too frequent change; fickleness.
   [R.] Beau. & Fl.


   O`ver*charge" (?), v. t. [Cf. Supercharge, Surcharge.]

   1.  To charge or load too heavily; to burden; to oppress; to cloy. Sir
   W. Raleigh.

   2. To fill too full; to crowd.

     Our language is overcharged with consonants. Addison.

   3. To charge excessively; to charge beyond a fair rate or price.

   4. To exaggerate; as, to overcharge a description.
   Overcharged mine. (Mil.) See Globe of compression, under Globe.


   O`ver*charge", v. i. To make excessive charges.


   O"ver*charge` (?), n. [Cf. Supercargo, Supercharge.]

   1. An excessive load or burden.

   2. An excessive charge in an account.


   O`ver*climb" (?), v. t. To climb over. Surrey.


   O`ver*cloud"  (?),  v.  t.  To  cover  or  overspread  with clouds; to
   becloud; to overcast.


   O`ver*cloy" (?), v. t. To fill beyond satiety. Shak.


   O"ver*coat`  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Surcoat.]  A  coat  worn  over  the other
   clothing; a greatcoat; a topcoat.


   O"ver*cold" (?), a. Cold to excess. Wiseman.


   O`ver*col"or (?), v. t. To color too highly.


   O`ver*come" (?), v. t. [imp. Overcame (?); p. p. Overcome; p. pr & vb.
   n. Overcoming.] [AS. ofercuman. See Over, Come, and cf. Supervene.]

   1.  To  get  the better of; to surmount; to conquer; to subdue; as, to
   overcome enemies in battle.

     This wretched woman overcome Of anguish, rather than of crime, hath
     been. Spenser.

   2. To overflow; to surcharge. [Obs.] J. Philips.

   3. To come or pass over; to spreads over. [Obs.]

     And overcome us like a summer's cloud. Shak.

   Syn.  -- To conquer; subdue; vanquish; overpower; overthrow; overturn;
   defeat;  crush;  overbear;  overwhelm;  prostrate; beat; surmount. See


   O`ver*come",  v.  i.  To  gain the superiority; to be victorious. Rev.
   iii. 21.


   O`ver*com"er (?), n. One who overcomes.


   O`ver*com"ing (?), a. Conquering; subduing. -- O`ver*com"ing*ly, adv.


   O"ver*con"fi*dence (?), n. Excessive confidence; too great reliance or


   O"ver*con"fi*dent     (?),     a.     Confident    to    excess.    --
   O"ver*con"fi*dent*ly, adv.


   O"ver*cost"ly (?), a. Too costly. Milton.


   O`ver*count" (?), v. t. To rate too high; to outnumber. Shak.


   O`ver*cov"er (?), v. t. To cover up. Shak.


   O"ver*cred"u*lous (?), a. Too credulous.


   O`ver*crow"  (?),  v. t. To crow, exult, or boast, over; to overpower.
   Spenser. Shak.


   O`ver*crowd" (?), v. t. To crowd too much.


   O"ver*cun"ning (?), a. Exceedingly or excessively cunning.


   O"ver*cu"ri*ous (?), a. Too curious.


   O`ver*dare"  (?),  v.  t.  &  i. To dare too much or rashly; to be too


   O`ver*date"  (?),  v. t. To date later than the true or proper period.


   O"ver*deal` (?), n. The excess. [Obs.]

     The overdeal in the price will be double. Holland.


   O"ver*del"i*cate (?), a. Too delicate.


   O"ver*de*light"ed (?), a. Delighted beyond measure.


   O"ver*dight" (?), a. Covered over. [Obs.] Spenser.


   O`ver*do"  (?),  v. t. [imp. Overdid (?); p. p. Overdone (?); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Overdoing.]

   1.  To  do  too  much;  to  exceed what is proper or true in doing; to
   exaggerate; to carry too far.

     Anything so overdone is from the purpose of playing. Shak.

   2.  To  overtask.  or  overtax;  to fatigue; to exhaust; as, to overdo
   one's strength.

   3. To surpass; to excel. [R.] Tennyson.

   4. To cook too much; as, to overdo the meat.


   O`ver*do", v. i. To labor too hard; to do too much.


   O`ver*do"er (?), n. One who overdoes.


   O`ver*dose"  (?), v. t. To dose to excess; to give an overdose, or too
   many doses, to.


   O"ver*dose`, n. Too great a dose; an excessive dose.


   O`ver*draw" (?), v. t. [imp. Overdrew (?); p. p. Overdrawn (?); p. pr.
   & vb. n. Overdrawing.]

   1. To exaggerate; to overdo.

   2.  (Banking)  To make drafts upon or against, in excess of the proper
   amount or limit.


   O`ver*dress"  (?),  v.  t.  To  dress or adorn to excess; to dress too
   much. Pope.


   O`ver*drink" (?), v. t. & i. To drink to excess.


   O`ver*dtive"  (?),  v.  t.  &  i. To drive too hard, or far, or beyond


   O`ver*drown" (?), v. t. To wet or drench to excess. [Obs.] W. Browne.


   O`ver*dry" (?), v. t. To dry too much. Burton.


   O"ver*due"  (?),  a.  Due and more than due; delayed beyond the proper
   time  of  arrival  or payment, etc.; as, an overdue vessel; an overdue


   O`ver*dye"  (?),  v.  t. To dye with excess of color; to put one color
   over (another). Shak.


   O`ver*ea"ger  (?),  a.  Too  eager; too impatient. -- O`ver*ea"ger*ly,
   adv. -- O"ver*ea"ger*ness, n.


   O`ver*ear"nest  (?),  a.  Too  earnest.  -- O"ver*ear"nest*ly, adv. --
   O"ver*ear"nest*ness, n.


   O`ver*eat" (?), v. t. & i.

   1. To gnaw all over, or on all sides. [Obs.] Shak.

   2. To eat to excess; -- often with a reflexive.


   O"ver*el"e*gant (?), a. Too elegant. Johnson.


   O`ver*emp"ty (?), v. t. To make too empty; to exhaust. [R.] Carew.


   O"ver*est (?), a. [Superl. of Over.] Uppermost; outermost.

     Full threadbare was his overeste courtepy. Chaucer.

   <-- sic -->


   O`ver*es"ti*mate (?), v. t. To estimate too highly; to overvalue.


   O`ver*es"ti*mate  (?),  n.  An  estimate  that  is  too  high;  as, an
   overestimate of the vote.


   O`ver*ex*cite" (?), v. t. To excite too much.


   O"ver*ex*cite"ment  (?),  n.  Excess of excitement; the state of being


   O`ver*ex*ert" (?), v. t. To exert too much.


   O"ver*ex*er"tion (?), n. Excessive exertion.


   O"ver*ex"qui*site  (?),  a.  Too  exquisite;  too  exact  or nice; too


   O`ver*eye" (?), v. t.

   1. To superintend; to oversee; to inspect. [Obs.]

   2. To see; to observe. [Obs.] Shak.


   O"ver*fall` (?), n.

   1. A cataract; a waterfall. [Obs.]

   2.  (Naut.)  A  turbulent  surface of water, caused by strong currents
   setting  over  submerged  ridges; also, a dangerous submerged ridge or


   O"ver*fa*tigue" (?), n. Excessive fatigue.


   O`ver*fa*tigue", v. t. To fatigue to excess; to tire out.


   O`ver*feed" (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Overfed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overfeeding.] To feed to excess; to surfeit.


   O"ver*fierce" (?), a. Excessively fierce.


   o`ver*fill" (?), v. t. To fill to excess; to surcharge.


   O`ver*fish" (?), v. t. To fish to excess.


   O`ver*float" (?), v. t. To overflow. [R.] Dryden.


   O`ver*flour"ish (?), v. t.

   1. To make excessive display or flourish of. Collier.

   2. To embellish with outward ornaments or flourishes; to varnish over.
   [Obs.] Shak.


   O`ver*flow"  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Overflowed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overflowing.] [AS. oferfl. See Over, and Flow.]

   1.  To  flow over; to cover woth, or as with, water or other fluid; to
   spread over; to inundate; to overwhelm.

     The northern nations overflowed all Christendom. Spenser.

   2. To flow over the brim of; to fill more than full.


   O`ver*flow", v. i.

   1. To run over the bounds.

   2. To be superabundant; to abound. Rogers.


   O"ver*flow` (?), n.

   1. A flowing over, as of water or other fluid; an inundation. Bacon.

   2.  That  which  flows  over; a superfluous portion; a superabundance.

   3. An outlet for the escape of surplus liquid.
   Overflow  meeting, a meeting constituted of the surplus or overflow of
   another audience.


   O`ver*flow"ing  (?), n. An overflow; that which overflows; exuberance;

     He was ready to bestow the overflowings of his full mind on anybody
     who would start a subject. Macaulay.


   O`ver*flow"ing*ly, adv. In great abundance; exuberantly. Boyle.


   O`ver*flush" (?), v. t. To flush to excess. [R.]


   O`ver*flut"ter (?), v. t. To flutter over.


   O"ver*flux` (?), n. Overflow; exuberance. [R.]


   O`ver*fly"  (?), v. t. [imp. Overflew (?); p. p. Overflown (?); p. pr.
   & vb. n. Overflying.] To cross or pass over by flight. Byron.


   O"ver*fond" (?), Milton. -- O"ver*fond"ly, adv. -- O"ver*fond"ness, n.


   O"ver*force` (?), n. Excessive force; violence.


   O"ver*for"ward   (?),   a.   Forward   to   excess;  too  forward.  --
   O"ver*for"ward*ness, n.


   O"ver*free"  (?),  a.  Free  to  excess; too liberal; too familiar. --
   O"ver*free"ly, adv.


   O`ver*freight"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Overfreighted (Overfraught
   (?),  obs.);  p. pr. & vb. n. Overfreighting.] To put too much freight
   in or upon; to load too full, or too heavily; to overload.


   O"ver*fre"quent (?), a. Too frequent.


   O`ver*frieze"  (?), v. t. To cover with a frieze, or as with a frieze.
   E. Hall.


   O`ver*front"  (?),  v. t. To confront; to oppose; to withstand. [Obs.]


   O"ver*fruit"ful (?), a. Too fruitful.


   O"ver*full"  (?),  a. [AS. oferfull.] Too full; filled to overflowing;
   excessively full; surfeited. Shak.


   O"ver*full"ness, n. The state of being excessively or abnormally full,
   so  as  to  cause  overflow,  distention,  or  congestion;  excess  of
   fullness; surfeit.


   O"ver-gar`ment (?), n. An outer garment.


   O`ver*gar"ri*son (?), v. t. To garrison to excess.


   O`ver*gaze"  (?),  v.  t.  To  gaze;  to  overlook.  [Poetic] "Earth's
   o'ergazing mountains." Byron.


   O`ver*get" (?), v. t.

   1. To reach; to overtake; to pass. [Obs.]

   2. To get beyond; to get over or recover from. [R.]


   O`ver*gild" (?), v. t. [AS. ofergyldan.] To gild over; to varnish.


   O`ver*gird" (?), v. t. To gird too closely. [R.]


   O`ver*give"  (?),  v.  t. To give over; to surrender; to yield. [Obs.]


   O"ver*glad" (?), a. Excessively or unduly glad.


   O`ver*glance" (?), v. t. To glance over.


   O`ver*glide" (?), v. t. To glide over. Wyatt.


   O`ver*gloom"  (?),  v.  t.  To  spread  gloom over; to make gloomy; to
   overshadow. [R.]

     Overgloomed by memories of sorrow. De Quincey.


   O`ver*go"  (?), v. t. [imp. Overwent (?); p. p. Overgone (?); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Overgoing.] [AS. oferg\'ben.]

   1. To travel over. [R.] Shak.

   2. To exceed; to surpass. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.

   3. To cover. [Obs.] Chapman.

   4. To oppress; to weigh down. [Obs.] Shak.


   O`ver*gorge" (?), v. t. To gorge to excess.


   O`ver*grace"  (?),  v.  t.  To  grace  or  honor exceedingly or beyond
   desert. [R.] Beau. & Fl.


   O"ver*grassed"  (?),  a.  Overstocked,  or overgrown, or covered, with
   grass. [Obs.] Spenser.


   O`ver*great" (?), a. Too great.


   O"ver*great"ness, n. Excessive greatness.


   O"ver*greed"y (?), a. Excessively greedy.


   O"ver*gross" (?), a. Too gross.


   O"ver*ground"   (?),  a.  Situated  over  or  above  ground;  as,  the
   overground portion of a plant.


   O`ver*grow" (?), v. t. [imp. Overgrew (?); p. p. Overgrown (?); p. pr.
   & vb. n. Overgrowing.]

   1.  To  grow over; to cover with growth or herbage, esp. that which is

     The green . . . is rough and overgrown. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  To  grow  beyond;  to  rise above; hence, to overcome; to oppress.
   [Obs.]  Mortimer.  "O'ergrown with labor." Beau. & Fl. [Usually in the
   past participle.]


   O`ver*grow", v. i. To grow beyond the fit or natural size; as, a huge,
   overgrown ox. L'Estrange.


   O"ver*growth` (?), n. Excessive growth.


   O`ver*hall" (?), v. t. See Overhaul. [Obs.]


   O`ver*hale" (?), v. t. See Overhaul. [Obs.]


   O"ver*hand` (?), n. The upper hand; advantage; superiority; mastery.

     He had gotten thereby a great overhand on me. Sir T. More.


   O"ver*hand`, a.

   1.  (Sewing)  Over  and over; -- applied to a style of sewing, or to a
   seam,  in  which  two  edges, usually selvedges, are sewed together by
   passing each stitch over both.

   2.  (Baseball,  Cricket,  etc.) Done (as pitching or bowling) with the
   hand  higher  than  the  elbow,  or the arm above, or higher than, the
   Overhand knot. See Illustration of Knot.
   O"ver*hand`, adv. In an overhand manner or style. 


   O`ver*han"dle  (?),  v. t. To handle, or use, too much; to mention too
   often. Shak.


   O`ver*hang"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Overhung (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To impend or hang over. [R.] Beau. & Fl.

   2. To hang over; to jut or project over. Pope.


   O`ver*hang", v. i. To jut over. Milton.


   O`ver*hang`, n. (Arch.)

   1.  In a general sense, that which just out or projects; a projection;
   also, the measure of the projection; as, the overhang is five feet.

   2.  Specifically: The projection of an upper part (as a roof, an upper
   story,  or  other  part)  of a building beyond the lower part; as, the
   overhang of a roof, of the eaves, etc.

   3.  (Naut.)  The  portion of the bow or stem of a vessel that projects
   over the water beyond the water line.

   4.  (Mach.)  The  projection  of  a  part  beyond another part that is
   directly  below it, or beyond a part by which it is supported; as, the
   overhang of a shaft; i. e., its projection beyond its bearing.


   O"ver*hap"py (?), a. Exceedingly happy. Shak.


   O`ver*hard"en (?), v. t. To harden too much; to make too hard. Boyle.


   O"ver*har"dy (?), a. Too hardy; overbold.


   O"ver*haste` (?), n. Too great haste.


   O"ver*has"ty  (?), a. Too hasty; precipitate; rash. -- O"ver*has"ti*ly
   (#), adv. -- O`ver*has"ti*ness, n.


   O`ver*haul"  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Overhauled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  haul  or  drag  over;  hence, to turn over for examination; to
   inspect; to examine thoroughly with a view to corrections or repairs.

   2. (Naut.) To gain upon in a chase; to overtake.
   To  overhaul  a tackle, to pull on the leading parts so as to separate
   the  blocks. -- To overhaul running rigging, to keep it clear, and see
   that no hitch occurs.

                             Overhaul, Overhauling

   O"ver*haul`  (?),  O`ver*haul"ing, n. A strict examination with a view
   to correction or repairs.


   O`ver*head"  (?),  adv. Aloft; above; in or attached to the ceiling or
   roof; in the story or upon the floor above; in the zenith.

     While overhead the moon Sits arbitress. Milton.

     NOTE: Also used adjectively; as, an overhead crane, gear, etc.

   Overhead  engine, a vertical steam engine in which the cylinder stands
   above the crank. -- Overhead work, a general term in manufactories for
   countershafting and gearing, when overhead.


   O`ver*hear"  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Overheard (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overhearing.] [AS. oferhi\'82ran.]

   1.  To  hear more of (anything) than was intended to be heard; to hear
   by accident or artifice. Shak.

   2. To hear again. ShaK.


   O`ver*heat"  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  Superheat.]  To  heat  to  excess; to
   superheat. Cowper.


   O"ver*heav`y (?), a. Excessively heavy.


   O`ver*hele" (?), v. t. [AS. oferhelian.] To hele or cover over. [Obs.]
   B. Jonson.


   O`ver*hent", v. t. [See Hent.] To overtake. [Obs.]

     So forth he went and soon them overhent. Spenser.


   O"ver*high" (?), a. [AS. oferhe\'a0h.] Too high.


   O"ver*high"ly, adv. Too highly; too greatly.


   O`ver*hip"  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Overhipped (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overhipping.] [Over + a word akin to E. hop to skip.] To pass over by,
   or  as  by  a  hop; to skip over; hence, to overpass. [Obs.] "When the
   time is overhipt." Holland.

   Page 1023


   O`ver*hold" (?), v. t. To hold or value too highly; to estimate at too
   dear a rate. [Obs.] Shak.


   O"ver*hung" (?), a.

   1. Covered over; ornamented with hangings. Carlyle.

   2. Suspended from above or from the top.
   Overhung door, a sliding door, suspended door, suspended from the top,
   as upon rollers.


   O`ver*in"flu*ence  (?),  v. t. To influence in an excessive degree; to
   have undue influence over.


   O`ver*in*form"  (?),  v.  t. To inform, fill, or animate, excessively.
   [R.] Johnson.


   O"ver*is"sue  (?),  n.  An  excessive  issue; an issue, as of notes or
   bonds, exceeding the limit of capital, credit, or authority.

     An overissue of government paper. Brougham.


   O`ver*is"sue, v. t. To issue in excess.


   O`ver*jeal"ous  (?), a. [Over + jealous. Cf. Overzealous.] Excessively
   jealous; too jealous.


   O`ver*joy"   (?),  v.  t.  To  make  excessively  joyful;  to  gratify


   O"ver*joy` (?), n. Excessive joy; transport.


   O`ver*jump"  (?),  v.  t.  To  jump  over;  hence, to omit; to ignore.


   O"ver*king`  (?), n. A king who has sovereignty over inferior kings or
   ruling princes. J. R. Green.


   O"ver*know"ing (?), a. Too knowing or too cunning.


   O`ver*la"bor (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Overlabored (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To cause to labor excessively; to overwork. Dryden.

   2. To labor upon excessively; to refine unduly.


   O`ver*lade"  (?), v. t. [imp. Overladed; p. p. Overladen (?); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Overlading.] [Cf. Overload.] To load with too great a cargo; to
   overburden; to overload. Spenser.


   O"ver*land`  (?), a. Being, or accomplished, over the land, instead of
   by sea; as, an overland journey.


   O"ver*land`, adv. By, upon, or across, land.


   O"ver*land`er (?), n. One who travels over lands or countries; one who
   travels overland.


   O"ver*lan"guaged (?), a. Employing too many words; diffuse. Lowell.


   O`ver*lap" (?), v. t. & i. To lap over; to lap.


   O"ver*lap` (?), n.

   1.  The  lapping  of  one  thing  over  another; as, an overlap of six
   inches; an overlap of a slate on a roof.

   2. (Geol.) An extension of geological beds above and beyond others, as
   in  a  conformable  series  of beds, when the upper beds extend over a
   wider space than the lower, either in one or in all directions.


   O"ver*large" (?), a. Too large; too great.


   O"ver*large"ness, n. Excess of size or bulk.


   O`ver*lash"  (?),  v.  i.  [Cf.  Prov.  E.  lash  extravagant, lashing
   lavish.] To drive on rashly; to go to excess; hence, to exaggerate; to
   boast. [Obs.] Barrow.


   O`ver*lash"ing, n. Excess; exaggeration. [Obs.]


   O"ver*late" (?), a. Too late; exceedingly late.


   O`ver*lave" (?), v. t. To lave or bathe over.


   O"ver*lav"ish (?), a. Lavish to excess.


   O`ver*lay"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Overlaid (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  lay,  or spread, something over or across; hence, to cover; to
   overwhelm; to press excessively upon.

     When  any  country is overlaid by the multitude which live upon it.
     Sir W. Raleigh.

     As when a cloud his beams doth overlay. Spenser.

     Framed of cedar overlaid with gold. Milton.

     And overlay With this portentous bridge the dark abyss. Milton.

   2. To smother with a close covering, or by lying upon.

     This  woman's  child  died in the night; because she overlaid it. 1
     Kings iii. 19.

     A heap of ashes that o'erlays your fire. Dryden.

   3. (Printing) To put an overlay on.


   O"ver*lay` (?), n.

   1. A covering. Sir W. Scott.

   2. (Printing) A piece of paper pasted upon the tympan sheet to improve
   the impression by making it stronger at a particular place.


   O"ver*lay"er  (?),  n.  One  who overlays; that with which anything is


   O"ver*lay"ing, n. A superficial covering; a coating.


   O`ver*lead"  (?),  v.  t.  To domineer over; to affront; to treat with
   indignity. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   O`ver*leap"  (?),  v.  t. [AS. oferhle\'a0pan. See Over, and Leap.] To
   leap  over or across; hence, to omit; to ignore. "Let me o'erleap that
   custom." Shak.


   O"ver*learn"ed  (?),  a.  Too  learned.  --  O"ver*learn"ed,  adv.  --
   O"ver*learn"ed*ness, n.


   O"ver*leath`er (?), n. Upper leather. Shak.


   O`ver*leav"en  (?),  v.  t.  To  leaven  too  much;  hence,  to change
   excessively; to spoil. [Obs.]


   O"ver*lib"er*al (?), a. Too liberal.


   O"ver*lib"er*al*ly, adv. In an overliberal manner.


   O`ver*lick" (?), v. t. To lick over.


   O`ver*lie"  (?), v. t. [imp. Overlay (?); p. p. Overlain (?); p. pr. &
   vb.  n. Overlying.] To lie over or upon; specifically, to suffocate by
   lying upon; as, to overlie an infant. Quain.

     A woman by negligence overlieth her child in her sleeping. Chaucer.


   O"ver*light` (?), n. Too strong a light. Bacon.


   O"ver*light", a. Too light or frivolous; giddy.


   O"ver*li*ness   (?),   n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  overly;
   carelessness. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   O"ver*lin"ger  (?),  v.  t.  To  cause  to linger; to detain too long.
   [Obs.] Fuller.


   O"ver*lip` (?), n. [AS. oferlibban.] The upper lip. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   O`ver*live" (?), v. t. To outlive. Sir P. Sidney.

     The  culture  of  Northumbria  overlived  the term of its political
     supermacy. Earle.


   O`ver*live"  (?),  v.  i.  To  live  too long, too luxuriously, or too
   actively.   Milton.  "Overlived  in  this  close  London  life."  Mrs.


   O"ver*liv"er (?), n. A survivor. Bacon.


   O`ver*load"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Overloaded; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overloading.]  [Cf.  Overlade.] To load or fill to excess; to load too


   O"ver*load`  (?),  n.  An  excessive  load; the excess beyond a proper


   O"ver*log"ic*al  (?),  a. Excessively logical; adhering too closely to
   the forms or rules of logic.


   O"ver*long" (?), a. & adv. Too long. Shak.


   O`ver*look"  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Overlooked (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To look down upon from a place that is over or above; to look over
   or view from a higher position; to rise above, so as to command a view
   of;  as,  to  overlook  a valley from a hill. "The pile o'erlooked the
   town." Dryden.

     [Titan] with burning eye did hotly overlook them. Shak.

   2. Hence: To supervise; to watch over; sometimes, to observe secretly;
   as,  to  overlook a gang of laborers; to overlook one who is writing a

   3.  To  inspect;  to  examine;  to  look over carefully or repeatedly.
   "Overlook this pedigree." Shak.

     The time and care that are required To overlook and file and polish
     well. Roscommon.

   4.  To  look  upon  with  an  evil eye; to bewitch by looking upon; to
   fascinate. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] Shak.

     If you trouble me I will overlook you, and then your pigs will die.
     C. Kingsley.

   5.  To  look  over and beyond (anything) without seeing it; to miss or
   omit  in looking; hence, to refrain from bestowing notice or attention
   upon;  to  neglect;  to  pass  over  without censure or punishment; to

     The  times  of  ignorance  therefore  God overlooked. Acts xvii. 30
     (Rev. Ver. )

     They overlook truth in the judgments they pass. Atterbury.

     The pardoning and overlooking of faults. Addison.


   O"ver*look"er (?), n. One who overlooks.


   O"ver*loop` (?), n. See Orlop. [Obs.]


   O"ver*lord` (?), n. One who is lord over another or others; a superior
   lord; a master. Freeman.


   O"ver*lord"ship  (?), n. Lordship or supremacy of a person or a people
   over others. J. R. Green.


   O"ver*loud" (?), a. Too loud; noisy.


   O`ver*love" (?), v. t. To love to excess.


   O"ver*lus"cious (?), a. Excessively luscious.


   O"ver*lust"y (?), a. Too lusty, or lively. Shak.


   O"ver*ly, a.

   1.   Careless;   negligent;  inattentive;  superfical;  not  thorough.
   [Archaic] Bp. Hall.

   2. Excessive; too much. [R.] Coleridge.


   O"ver*ly, adv. In an overly manner. [Archaic]


   O`ver*ly"ing  (?),  a.  Lying  over  or  upon something; as, overlying


   O`ver*mag"ni*fy (?), v. t. To magnify too much. Bp. Hall.


   O"ver*mal"a*pert  (?),  a.  Excessively  malapert  or impudent. [Obs.]


   O"ver*man`ner  (?),  adv.  In an excessive manner; excessively. [Obs.]


   O`ver*march" (?), v. t. & i. To march too far, or too much; to exhaust
   by marching. Baker.


   O`ver*mast"  (?), v. t. (Naut.) To furnish (a vessel) with too long or
   too heavy a mast or masts.


   O`ver*mas"ter  (?),  v.  t.  To  overpower; to subdue; to vanquish; to


   O`ver*match" (?), v. t.

   1.  To  be  more  than  equal  to  or a match for; hence, to vanquish.

   2. To marry (one) to a superior. [Obs.] Burton.


   O"ver*match`  (?), n. One superior in power; also, an unequal match; a
   contest  in  which  one  of  the  opponents is overmatched. Milton. D.


   O`ver*meas"ure (?), v. t. To measure or estimate too largely.


   O"ver*meas`ure  (?),  n.  Excessive measure; the excess beyond true or
   proper measure; surplus.


   O`ver*med"dle (?), v. t. To meddle unduly.


   O`ver*med"dling  (?),  n.  Excessive  interference.  "Justly shent for
   their overmeddling." Fuller.


   O"ver*mel"low (?), a. Too mellow; overripe.


   O"ver*mer"it (?), n. Excessive merit. Bacon.


   O"ver*mic"kle (?), a. & adv. Overmuch. [Obs. or Prov. Eng. & Scot.]


   O`ver*mix" (?), v. t. To mix with too much.


   O"ver*mod"est  (?), a. Modest to excess; bashful. -- O"ver*mod"est*ly,


   O"ver*moist" (?), a. Excessively moist. Bacon.


   O"ver*mois"ture (?), n. Excess of moisture.


   O"ver*more" (?), adv. Beyond; moreover. [Obs.]


   O"ver*mor"row  (?),  n.  The  day after or following to-morrow. [Obs.]
   Bible (1551).


   O"ver*most`  (?),  a.  Over  the  rest in authority; above all others;
   highest. [Obs.] Fabyan.


   O`ver*mount"  (?),  v.  t. [Cf. Surmount.] To mount over; to go higher
   than; to rise above.


   O"ver*much" (?), a. Too much. -- adv. In too great a degree; too much.
   -- n. An excess; a surplus.


   O`ver*much"ness  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state of being in excess;
   superabundance. [R.] B. Jonson.


   O`ver*mul"ti*ply  (?), v. t. & i. To multiply or increase too much; to
   repeat too often.


   O`ver*mul"ti*tude (?), v. t. To outnumber. [Obs.]


   O`ver*name" (?), v. t. To name over or in a series; to recount. [Obs.]


   O"ver*neat" (?), a. Excessively neat. Spectator.


   O"ver*nice"  (?),  a.  Excessively  nice;  fastidious.  Bp.  Hall.  --
   O"ver*nice"ly, adv. -- O"ver*nice"ness, n.


   O"ver*night`  (?),  n.  The  fore  part  of  the  night last past; the
   previous evening. [R.] Shak.


   O"ver*night",  adv.  In  the  fore part of the night last past; in the
   evening  before;  also, during the night; as, the candle will not last

     I had been telling her all that happened overnight. Dickens.


   O`ver*noise" (?), v. t. To overpower by noise.


   O"ver*nu"mer*ous (?), a. Excessively numerous; too many.


   O`ver*of"fice  (?), v. t. To domineer over by virtue of office. [Obs.]


   O"ver*of*fi"cious  (?),  a.  Too  busy;  too ready to intermeddle; too
   officious. Collier.


   O`ver*paint"  (?),  v.  t.  To  color or describe too strongly. Sir W.


   O`ver*pam"per  (?),  v. t. To pamper excessively; to feed or dress too
   much. Dryton.


   O`ver*part"  (?),  v. t. To give too important or difficult a part to.
   [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   O`ver*pass"  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Overpassed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overpassing.] [Cf. Surpass.]

   1.  To  go  over  or  beyond;  to  cross;  as, to overpass a river; to
   overpass limits.

   2. To pass over; to omit; to overlook; to disregard.

     All  the  beauties  of  the  East  He  slightly viewed and slightly
     overpassed. Milton.

   3. To surpass; to excel. [R.] R. Browning.


   O`ver*pass", v. i. To pass over, away, or off.


   O"ver*pas"sion*ate     (?),    a.    Passionate    to    excess.    --
   O"ver*pas"sion*ate*ly, adv.


   O"ver*pa"tient (?), a. Patient to excess.


   O`ver*pay"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Overpaid (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overpaying.] To pay too much to; to reward too highly.


   O`ver*peer" (?), v. t. To peer over; to rise above.


   O`ver*peo"ple (?), v. t. To people too densely.


   O`ver*perch" (?), v. t. To perch upon; to fly over. [Obs.] Shak.


   O`ver*per*suade"  (?),  v.  t.  To persuade or influence against one's
   inclination or judgment. Pope.


   O`ver*pes"ter  (?), v. t. To pester exceedingly or excessively. Sir W.


   O`ver*pic"ture  (?),  v.  t.  To  surpass  nature  in  the  picture or
   representation of. [Obs.] "O'erpicturing that Venus." Shak.


   O`ver*please" (?), v. t. To please excessively.


   O"ver*plus  (?),  n. [Over + L. plus more. See Plus, and cf. Surplus.]
   That  which  remains  after  a  supply, or beyond a quantity proposed;
   surplus. Shak. "The overplus of a great fortune." Addison.


   O`ver*ply"  (?), v. t. To ply to excess; to exert with too much vigor;
   to overwork. Milton.


   O`ver*poise"  (?),  v.  t.  To  outweigh;  to overbalance. [R.] Sir T.


   O"ver*poise`,  n.  Preponderant  weight;  a  counterbalance. [R.] Mrs.


   O`ver*pol"ish (?), v. t. To polish too much.


   O"ver*pon"der*ous (?), a. Too heavy.


   O`ver*post" (?), v. t. To post over; to pass over swiftly, as by post.


   O"ver*po"tent (?), a. Too potent or powerful.


   O`ver*pow"er (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Overpowered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overpowering.]  To  excel  or  exceed  in power; to cause to yield; to
   vanquish;   to  subdue;  as,  the  light  overpowers  the  eyes.  "And
   overpower'd  that  gallant  few."  Wordsworth.  Syn.  --  To overbear;
   overcome;   vanquish;   defeat;  crush;  overwhelm;  overthrow;  rout;
   conquer; subdue.


   O"ver*pow`er, n. A dominating power. Bacon.


   O`ver*pow"er*ing,  a.  Excelling in power; too powerful; irresistible.
   -- O`ver*pow"er*ing*ly, adv.


   O`ver*praise"  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  Overprize,  Superpraise.] To praise
   excessively or unduly.


   O`ver*prais"ing,  n.  The  act  of  praising unduly; excessive praise.


   O`ver*press" (?), v. t.

   1. To bear upon with irresistible force; to crush; to overwhelm. Shak.

   2. To overcome by importunity. Johnson.


   O"ver*pres"sure   (?),   n.   Excessive  pressure  or  urging.  London


   O`ver*prize"  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  Overpraise.] Toprize excessively; to
   overvalue. Sir H. Wotton.


   O"ver*pro*duc"tion  (?),  n.  Excessive  production; supply beyond the
   demand. J. S. Mill.


   O"ver*prompt"  (?), a. Too prompt; too ready or eager; precipitate. --
   O`ver*prompt"ness, n.


   O"ver*proof"  (?),  a.  Containing  more  alcohol  than  proof spirit;
   stronger  than  proof  spirit;  that is, containing more than 49.3 per
   cent by weight of alcohol.


   O`ver*pro*por"tion (?), v. t. To make of too great proportion.


   O"ver*proud"  (?),  a.  Exceedingly or unduly proud. "Overproud of his
   victory." Milton.


   O"ver*prov"i*dent (?), a. Too provident.


   O`ver*pro*voke" (?), v. t. To provoke excessively. Bp. Hall.


   O`ver*quell" (?), v. t. To quell or subdue completely. [R.] Bp. Hall.


   O"ver*qui"et*ness (?), n. Too much quietness. Sir. T. Browne.


   O`ver*rake"  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Overraked (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overraking.]  (Naut.)  To rake over, or sweep across, from end to end,
   as waves that break over a vessel anchored with head to the sea.


   O"ver*rank" (?), a. Too rank or luxuriant.


   O`ver*rate"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Overrated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overrating.] To rate or value too highly.


   O"ver*rate`, n. An excessive rate. [R.] Massinger.


   O`ver*reach"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Overreached (?), (Overraught (,
   obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. Overreaching.]

   1. To reach above or beyond in any direction.

   2.  To  deceive,  or  get  the  better  of, by artifice or cunning; to
   outwit; to cheat. Shak.


   O`ver*reach", v. i.

   1.  To  reach  too  far;  as:  (a)  To strike the toe of the hind foot
   against  the  heel  or  shoe  of  the forefoot; -- said of horses. (b)
   (Naut.) To sail on one tack farther than is necessary. Shak.

   2. To cheat by cunning or deception.

   Page 1024


   O"ver*reach`  (?),  n.  The  act of striking the heel of the fore foot
   with the toe of the hind foot; -- said of horses.


   O`ver*reach"er (?), n. One who overreaches; one who cheats; a cheat.


   O`ver*read" (?), v. t. To read over, or peruse. Shak.


   O"ver*read"y  (?),  a.  Too  ready.  --  O"ver*read"*i*ly (#), adv. --
   O"ver*read"i*ness, n.


   O`ver*reck"on (?), v. t. To reckon too highly.


   O`ver*red" (?), v. t. To smear with red. [Obs.]


   O`ver*re*fine" (?), v. t. To refine too much.


   O"ver*re*fine"ment (?), n. Excessive refinement.


   O`ver*rent" (?), v. t. To rent for too much.


   O"ver*rich" (?), a. Exccessively rich.


   O`ver*ride"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  Overrode  (?); p. p. Overridden (?),
   Overrode, Overrid (; p. pr. & vb. n. Overriding.] [AS. offer\'c6dan.]

   1. To ride over or across; to ride upon; to trample down.

     The carter overridden with [i. e., by] his cart. Chaucer.

   2.  To  suppress;  to  destroy;  to  supersede;  to annul; as, one low
   overrides another; to override a veto.

   3. To ride beyond; to pass; to outride. [Obs.]

     I overrode him on the way. Shak.

   4. To ride too much; to ride, as a horse, beyond its strength.


   O"ver*rigged" (?), a. Having too much rigging.


   O"ver*right"eous  (?),  a.  Excessively righteous; -- usually implying


   O"ver*rig"id (?), a. Too rigid; too severe.


   O"ver*rig"or*ous (?), a. Too rigorous; harsh.


   O"ver*ripe" (?), a. Matured to excess. Milton.


   O`ver*rip"en (?), v. t. To make too ripe. Shak.


   O`ver*roast" (?), v. t. To roast too much. Shak.


   O`ver*rule"  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Overruled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To rule over; to govern or determine by superior authority.

   2.  To  rule  or  determine  in  a contrary way; to decide against; to
   abrogate or alter; as, God overrules the purposes of men; the chairman
   overruled the point of order.

     His passion and animosity overruled his conscience. Clarendon.

     These [difficulties] I had habitually overruled. F. W. Newman.

   3.  (Law)  To supersede, reject, annul, or rule against; as, the plea,
   or the decision, was overruled by the court.


   O`ver*rule",   v.   i.  To  be  superior  or  supreme  in  rulling  or
   controlling; as, God rules and overrules. Shak.


   O`ver*rul"er  (?),  n.  One  who, or that which, controls, governs, or
   determines. Sir P. Sidney.


   O`ver*rul"ing,  a.  Exerting  controlling  power;  as,  an  overruling
   Providence. -- O`ver*rul"ing*ly, adv.


   O`ver*run"  (?),  v. t. [imp. Overran (?); p. p. Overrun; p. pr. & vb.
   n. Overrunning. ]

   1.  To  run  over;  to  grow  or  spread over in excess; to invade and
   occupy;  to  take possession of; as, the vine overran its trellis; the
   farm is overrun with witch grass.

     Those barbarous nations that overran the world. Spenser.

   2.  To exceed in distance or speed of running; to go beyond or pass in

     Ahimaaz  run  by  the  way  of the plain, and overran Cushi. 2 Sam.
     xviii. 23.

   3.  To  go  beyond;  to  extend  in part beyond; as, one line overruns
   another in length.

     NOTE: &hand; In  ma chinery, a sliding piece is said to overrun its
     bearing when its forward end goes beyond it.

   4. To abuse or oppress, as if by treading upon.

     None of them the feeble overran. Spenser.

   5. (Print.) (a) To carry over, or back, as type, from one line or page
   into  the next after, or next before. (b) To extend the contents of (a
   line, column, or page) into the next line, column, or page.


   O`ver*run", v. i.

   1.  To  run, pass, spread, or flow over or by something; to be beyond,
   or in excess.

     Despised and trodden down of all that overran. Spenser.

   2. (Print.) To extend beyond its due or desired length; as, a line, or
   advertisement, overruns.


   O`ver*run"ner (?), n. One that overruns. Lovelace.


   O`ver*sat"u*rate  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  Supersaturate.]  To  saturate to


   O`ver*say" (?), v. t. To say over; to repeat. Ford.


   O`ver*scent"ed (?), a.

   1. Scented excessively.

   2. Covered or concealed by a different odor. Fuller.


   O`ver*scru`pu*los"i*ty (?), n. Overscrupulousness.


   O`ver*scru"pu*lous (?), a. Scrupulous to excess.


   O`ver*scru"pu*lous*ness,   n.   The   quality   or   state   of  being
   overscrupulous; excess of scrupulousness.


   O"ver*sea" (?), a. Beyond the sea; foreign.

                               Oversea, Overseas

   O"ver*sea"  (?),  O"ver*seas"  (?), adv. Over the sea; abroad. Milton.


   O`ver*search" (?), v. t. To search all over.


   O`ver*sea"son (?), v. t. To season too highly.


   O`ver*see"  (?), v. t. [imp. Oversaw (?); p. p. Overseen (?); p. pr. &
   vb.  n. Overseeing.] [AS. ofers\'82on to survey, to despise. See Over,
   and See.]

   1.  To superintend; to watch over; to direct; to look or see after; to

   2. To omit or neglect seeing. Spenser.


   O`ver*see",  v.  i.  To  see  too  or too much; hence, to be deceived.

     The most expert gamesters may sometimes oversee. Fuller.

     Your  partiality  to  me  is  much overseen, if you think me fit to
     correct your Latin. Walpole.


   O`ver*seer"  (?), n. One who oversees; a superintendent; a supervisor;
   as,  an  overseer  of  a  mill;  specifically,  one  or certain public
   officers; as, an overseer of the poor; an overseer of highways.


   O`ver*seer"ship, n. The office of an overseer.


   O`ver*sell`  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Oversold (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overselling. ]

   1. To sell for a higher price than; to exceed in selling price.

     One whose beauty Would oversell all Italy. Beau. & Fl.

   2. To sell beyond means of delivery. [Brokers'Cant]
   Oversold   market  (Brokers'  Cant),  a  market  in  which  stocks  or
   commodities  have  been  sold  "short"  to  such  an extent that it is
   difficult to obtain them for delivery.


   O`ver*set"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Overset;  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Oversetting. ]

   1.  To  turn  or  tip  (anything)  over  from an upright, or a proper,
   position  so  that  it lies upon its side or bottom upwards; to upset;
   as, to overset a chair, a coach, a ship, or a building. Dryden.

   2.  To  cause  to  fall,  or to tail; to subvert; to overthrow; as, to
   overset a government or a plot. Addison.

   3. To fill too full. [Obs.] Howell.


   O`ver*set",  v.  i.  To  turn,  or  to  be  turned, over; to be upset.


   O"ver*set` (?), n.

   1. An upsetting; overturn; overthrow; as, the overset of a carriage.

   2.  An excess; superfluity. [Obs.] "This overset of wealth and pomp. "
   Bp. Burnel.


   O`ver*shade`  (?),  v. t. [AS. ofersceadwian. See Over, and Shade, and
   cf.  Overshadow.]  To  cover  with shade; to render dark or gloomy; to
   overshadow. Shak.


   O`ver*shad"ow  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Overshadowed(?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Overshadowing. ] [Cf. Overshade. ]

   1. To throw a shadow, or shade, over; to darken; to obscure.

     There was a cloud that overshadowed them. Mark ix. 7.

   2. Fig.: To cover with a superior influence. Milton.


   O"ver*shad"ow*er  (?),  n.  One  that  throws a shade, or shadow, over
   anything. Bacon.


   O"ver*shad"ow*y (?), a. Overshadowing. [R.]


   O`ver*shake"  (?),  v.  t.  To  shake  over or away; to drive away; to
   disperse. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   O`ver*shine" (?), v. t.

   1. To shine over or upon; to illumine. Shak.

   2. To excel in shining; to outshine. Shak.


   O"ver*shoe`  (?),  n.  A shoe that is worn over another for protection
   from wet or for extra warmth; esp., an India-rubber shoe; a galoche.


   O`ver*shoot"  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Overshot (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To shoot over or beyond. "Not to overshoot his game." South.

   2. To pass swiftly over; to fly beyond. Hartle.

   3. To exceed; as, to overshoot the truth. Cowper.
   To overshoot one's self, to venture too far; to assert too much.


   O`ver*shoot", v. i. To fly beyond the mark. Collier.


   O"ver*shot`  (?),  a. From Overshoot, v. t. Overshot wheel, a vertical
   water  wheel,  the  circumference of which is covered with cavities or
   buckets, and which is turned by water which shoots over the top of it,
   filling  the  buckets  on  the  farther side and acting chiefly by its


   O"ver*sight` (?), n.

   1. Watchful care; superintendence; general supervision.

   2. An overlooking; an omission; an error. Hooker.

   3.  Escape  from an overlooked peril. [R.] "His fool-happy oversight."
   Spenser.    Syn.    --   Superintendence;   supervision;   inspection;
   overlooking; inadvertence; neglect; mistake; error; omission.


   O`ver*size" (?), v. t. To surpass in size.


   O`ver*size", v. t. To cover with viscid matter. [R.]

     O'ersized with coagulate gore. Shak.


   O`ver*skip"   (?),  v.  t.  To  skip  or  leap  over;  to  treat  with
   indifference. Shak.


   O"ver*skirt`  (?),  n.  An  upper  skirt,  shorter than the dress, and
   usually draped.


   O"ver*slaugh`  (?),  n.  [D.  overslag.]  A  bar  in  a river; as, the
   overslaugh in the Hudson River. [Local, U. S.] Bartlett.


   O`ver*slaugh",  v.  t.  [D.  overslaan.]  To  hinder or stop, as by an
   overslaugh or an impediment; as, to overslaugh a bill in a legislative
   body;  to  overslaugh  a  military  officer,  that  is,  to hinder his
   promotion or employment. [Local Cant, U. S.]


   O`ver*sleep"  (?),  v. t. To sleep beyond; as, to oversleep one's self
   or one's usual hour of rising.


   O`ver*sleep", v. i. To sleep too long.


   O`ver*slide" (?), v. t. To slide over or by.


   O`ver*slip"  (?),  v.  t.  To  slip  or  slide over; to pass easily or
   carelessly  beyond;  to  omit;  to  neglect;  as,  to overslip time or


   O"ver*slop`  (?), n. [AS. oferslop.] An outer garment, or slop. [Obs.]


   O`ver*slow"  (?),  v.  t.  To  render  slow; to check; to curb. [Obs.]


   O"ver*slow", a. Too slow.


   O"vers*man (?), n.; pl. Oversmen (.

   1. An overseer; a superintendent.

   2.  (Scots  Law)  An  umpire;  a  third  arbiter,  appointed  when two
   arbiters, previously selected, disagree.


   O`ver*snow"  (?),  v. t. To cover with snow, or as with snow. [Poetic]
   Shak. Dryden.


   O"ver*soon" (?), adv. Too soon. Sir P. Sidney.


   O`ver*sor"row  (?),  v.  t.  To  grieve  or  afflict to excess. [Obs.]


   O"ver*soul` (?), n. The all-containing soul. [R.]

     That  unity,  that  oversout,  within  which every man's particular
     being is contained and made one with all other. Emerson.


   O`ver*sow"  (?),  v.  t.  [AS.  ofersawan.] To sow where something has
   already been sown. [R.]

     His enemy came and oversowed cockle among the wheat. Matt. x


   O`ver*span" (?), v. t. To reach or extend over.


   O`ver*speak" (?), v. t. & i. [AS. ofersprecan.] To exceed in speaking;
   to speak too much; to use too many words.


   O`ver*spin"  (?),  v.  t. To spin out to too great length; to protract
   unduly. W. Cartwright.


   O`ver*spread"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Overspread; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overspreading.]  [AS.  oferspr.]  To  spread  over;  to cover; as, the
   deluge overspread the earth. Chaucer.

     Those nations of the North Which overspread the world. Drayton.


   O`ver*spread", v. i. To be spread or scattered over.


   O`ver*spring" (?), v. t. To spring or leap over.


   O`ver*stand"  (?), v. t. To stand on the price or conditions of, so as
   to  lose  a  sale; to lose by an extravagant price or hard conditions.

     What madman would o'erstand his market twice ? Dryden.


   O`ver*stare" (?), v. t. To outstare. [Obs.] Shak.


   O`ver*stare", v. i. To stare wildly. [Obs.] Ascham.


   O`ver*state"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Overstated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overstating.] To state in too strong terms; to exaggerate. Fuller.


   O"ver*state"ment (?), n. An exaggerated statement or account.


   O`ver*stay" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Overstayed (?) or Overstaid (; p.
   pr.  &  vb. n. Overstaying.] To stay beyond the time or the limits of;
   as, to overstay the appointed time. Bp. Hall.


   O`ver*step"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Overstepped (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overstepping.]   [AS.   ofersteppan.]  To  step  over  or  beyond;  to
   transgress. Shak.


   O"ver*stock` (?), n. Stock in excess. Tatler.


   O`ver*stock",  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Overstocked (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Overstocking.] To fill too full; to supply in excess; as, to overstock
   a market with goods, or a farm with cattle.


   O`ver*store" (?), v. t. To overstock. Sir. M. Hale.


   O`ver-sto`ry  (?),  n.  (Arch.)  The  clearstory, or upper story, of a


   O`ver*strain"  (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Overstrained (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Overstraining.] To strain one's self to excess. Dryden.


   O`ver*strain",  v.  t. To stretch or strain too much; as to overstrain
   one's nerves. Ayliffe.


   O`ver*strait"ly  (?),  adv.  Too  straitly  or strictly. [Obs.] Sir W.


   O`ver*straw" (?), v. t. To overstrew. [Obs.] Shak.


   O`ver*strew" (?), v. t. To strew or scatter over.


   O"ver*strict" (?), a. Excessively strict.


   O`ver*stride" (?), v. t. To stride over or beyond.


   O`ver*strike" (?), v. t. To strike beyond. [Obs.]


   O`ver*strow" (?), v. t. See Overstrew.


   O"ver*stu"di*ous (?), a. Too studious.


   O"ver*sub"tile (?), a. Excessively subtile.


   O"ver*sum` (?), n. A sum or quantity over; surplus. [Obs.] Holinshed.


   O`ver*sup*ply" (?), v. t. To supply in excess.


   O"ver*sup*ply`, n. An excessive supply.

     A general oversupply or excess of all commodities. J. S. Mill.


   O"ver*sure" (?), a. Excessively sure.


   O`ver*sway" (?), v. t. To bear sway over.


   O`ver*swell" (?), v. t. & i. To swell or rise above; to overflow. [R.]


   O"vert  (?),  a. [OF. overt, F. ouvert, p. p. of OF. ovrir, F. ouvrir,
   to  open,  of  uncertain  origin; cf. It. aprire, OIt. also oprire, L.
   aperire  to  open, operire to cover, deoperire to uncover. Perch. from
   L. aperire influenced by F. couvrir to cover. Cf. Aperient, Cover.]

   1. Open to view; public; apparent; manifest.

     Overt and apparent virtues bring forth praise. Bacon.

   2.  (Law)  Not  covert;  open;  public;  manifest; as, an overt act of
   treason. Macaulay.

     No  person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of
     two  witnesses  to  the  same  overt  act, or on confession in open
     court. Constitution of the U. S.

     NOTE: &hand; In  cr iminal la w, an  ov ert ac t is an open done in
     pursuance  and  manifestation of a criminal design; the mere design
     or  intent  not  being punishable without such act. In English law,
     market overt is an open market; a pound overt is an open, uncovered


     O`ver*take"  (?), v. t. [imp. Overtook (?); p. p. Overtaken (?); p.
     pr. & vb. n. Overtaking.]

     1.  To  come  up with in a course, pursuit, progress, or motion; to
     catch up with.

     Follow  after  the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say . . .
     Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good. Gen. xliv. 4.

     He had him overtaken in his flight. Spenser.

     2.  To come upon from behind; to discover; to surprise; to capture;
     to overcome.

     If a man be overtaken in a fault. Gal. vi. 1

     I shall see The winged vengeance overtake such children. Shak.

     3.   Hence,  figuratively,  in  the  past  participle  (overtaken),
     drunken. [Obs.] Holland.


     O`ver*talk" (?), v. i. To talk to excess. Milton.


     O`ver*task" (?), v. t. To task too heavily.


     O`ver*tax" (?), v. t. To tax or to task too heavily.


     O`ver*te"di*ous (?), a. Too tedious.


     O`ver*tempt"  (?),  v. t. To tempt exceedingly, or beyond the power
     of resistance. Milton.


     O`ver*throw"  (?), v. t. [imp. Overthrew (?); p. p. Overthrown (?);
     p. pr. & vb. n. Overthrowing.]

     1. To throw over; to overturn; to upset; to turn upside down.

     His wife overthrew the table. Jer. Taylor.

     2.  To  cause  to fall or to fail; to subvert; to defeat; to make a
     ruin of; to destroy.

     When the walls of Thebes he overthrew. Dryden.

     [Gloucester] that seeks to overthrow religion. Shak.

     Syn.  --  To demolish; overturn; prostrate; destroy; ruin; subvert;
     overcome; conquer; defeat; discomfit; vanquish; beat; rout.


     O"ver*throw` (?), n.

     1. The act of overthrowing; the state of being overthrow; ruin.

     Your sudden overthrow much rueth me. Spenser.

     Page 1025

     2.  (a)  (Baseball)  The act of throwing a ball too high, as over a
     player's  head.  (b)  (Cricket)  A  faulty  return of the ball by a
     fielder, so that striker makes an additional run.


     O"ver*thwart" (?), a.

     1.  Having a transverse position; placed or situated across; hence,
     opposite. "Our overthwart neighbors." Dryden.

     2.  Crossing  in  kind or disposition; perverse; adverse; opposing.
     "Overthwart humor." Clarendon.


     O"ver*thwart",  adv.  Across;  crosswise; transversely. "Y'clenched
     overthwart and endelong." Chaucer.


     O"ver*thwart",  prep.  Across;  from  alde  to side of. "Huge trees
     overthwart one another." Milton.


     O"ver*thwart`,   n.   That   which   is   overthwart;   an  adverse
     circumstance; opposition. [Obs.] Surrey.

                      , v. t. To cross; to oppose. [Obs.]


     O`ver*thwart"ly,   adv.   In  an  overthwart  manner;across;  also,
     perversely. [Obs.] Peacham.


     O"ver*thwart"ness,  n. The state of being overthwart; perverseness.
     [Obs.] Lord Herbert.


     O`ver* (?), v. t. To tilt over; to overturn.


     O"ver*time`  (?),  n.  Time beyond, or in excess of, a limit; esp.,
     extra working time.


     O`ver*tire" (?), v. t. To tire to excess; to exhaust.


     O`ver*tire", v. t. To become too tired. Br. Hall.


     O`ver*ti"tle (?), v. t. To give too high a title to.


     O"vert*ly (?), adv. Publicly; openly.


     O`ver*toil" (?), v. t. To overwork.


     O`ver*toil", v. t. To weary excessively; to exhaust.

     Then  dozed a while herself, but overtoiled By that day's grief and
     travel. Tennyson.


     O"ver*tone`  (?),  n. [A translation of G. oberton. See Over,Tone.]
     (Mus.)  One of the harmonics faintly heard with and above a tone as
     it  dies  away,  produced  by some aliquot portion of the vibrating
     sting  or  column  of air which yields the fundamental tone; one of
     the  natural  harmonic  scale  of  tones,  as  the octave, twelfth,
     fifteenth,  etc.;  an  aliquot  or  "partial" tone; a harmonic. See
     Harmonic, and Tone. Tyndall.


     O`ver*top" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Overtopped (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

     1.  To  rise above the top of; to exceed in height; to tower above.
     "To old Pelion." Shak. 

     2. To go beyond; to transcend; to transgress.

     If kings presume to overtop the law by which they reign, . . . they
     are by law to be reduced into order. Milton.

     3.  To  make  of  less importance, or throw into the background, by
     superior excellence; to dwarf; to obscure. Becon.


     O`ver*tow"er (?), v. t. To tower over or above.


     O`ver*tow"er, v. i. To soar too high. [R.] Fuller.


     O`ver*trade" (?), v. i. To trade beyond one's capital; to buy goods
     beyond  the  means  of  paying for or seleng them; to overstock the


     O`ver*trad"ing  (?),  n. The act or practice of buying goods beyond
     the means of payment; a glutting of the market.


     O`ver*tread" (?), v. t. [AS. oferiredan.] To tread over or upon.


     O`ver*trip" (?), v. t. To trip over nimbly.


     O`ver*trou"bled (?), a. Excessively troubled.


     O`ver*trow"  (?),  v.  i. To be too trustful or confident; to trust
     too much. [Obs.] Wyclif 


     O"ver*trust` (?), n. Excessive confidence.


     O`ver*trust", v. t. & i. To trust too much. Bp. Hall.


     O"ver*ture  (?),  [OF.  overture,  F.  ouverture, fr. OF. ovrir, F.
     ouvrir. See Overt.]

     1.  An  opening  or aperture; a recess; a recess; a chamber. [Obs.]
     Spenser. "The cave's inmost overture." Chapman.

     2. Disclosure; discovery; revelation. [Obs.]

     It was he That made the overture of thy treasons to us. Shak.

     3.  A  proposal;  an  offer;  a  proposition formally submitted for
     consideration, acceptance, or rejection. "The great overture of the
     gospel." Barrow.

     4.  (Mus.)  A  composition,  for  a  full orchestra, designed as an
     introduction to an oratorio, opera, or ballet, or as an independent
     piece; -- called in the latter case a concert overture.


     O"ver*ture,  v.  t.  To  make  an  overture  to;  as, to overture a
     religious body on some subject.


     O`ver*turn"  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Overturned (?); p. pr. & vb.
     n. Overturning.]

     1.  To  turn  or  throw  from  a basis, foundation, or position; to
     overset; as, to overturn a carriage or a building.

     2. To subvert; to destroy; to overthrow.

     3.   To  overpower;  to  conquer.  Milton.  Syn.  --  To  demolish;
     overthrow. See Demolish.


     O"ver*turn`,  n.  The  act  off  overturning, or the state of being
     overturned or subverted; overthrow; as, an overturn of parties.


     O`ver*turn"a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of  being,  or  liable  to be,
     overturned or subverted.


     O`ver*turn"er (?), n. One who overturns. South.


     O`ver*vail" (?), v. t. See Overveil.


     O"ver*val`u*a"tion (?), n. Excessive valuation; overestimate.


     O`ver*val"ue  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Overvalued (?); p. pr. & vb.
     n. Overvaluing.]

     1. To value excessively; to rate at too high a price. "To overvalue
     human power." Holyday.

     2. To exceed in value. [R.] H. Brooke.


     O`ver*veil" (?), v. t. To veil or cover. Shak.


     O"ver*view`  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Survey.] An inspection or overlooking.
     [Obs.] Shak.


     O`ver*vote"  (?),  v.  t.  To outvote; to outnumber in votes given.
     [R.] Eikon Basilike.


     O`ver*walk" (?), v. t. To walk over or upon.


     O`ver*war" (?), v. t. To defeat. [Obs.] Warner.


     O"ver*wa"ry (?), a. Too wary; too cautious.


     O`ver*wash" (?), v. t. To overflow. Holinshed.


     O`ver*wast"ed (?), a. Wasted or worn out; [Obs.] Drayton.


     O"ver*watch" (?), v. t.

     1. To watch too much.

     2. To weary or exhaust by watching. Dryden.


     O`ver*wax"  (?),  v.  i.  To  wax or grow too rapindly or too much.
     [Obs.] R. of Gloucester.


     O"ver*weak" (?), a. Too weak; too feeble.


     O`ver*wear" (?), v. t. To wear too much; to wear out. Drayton.


     O"ver*wea"ry (?) v. t. To weary too much; to tire out. Dryden.


     O`ver*weath"er  (?),  v.  t. To expose too long to the influence of
     the weather. [Obs.] Shak.


     O`ver*ween"  (?),  v.  t. [AS. oferw. See Over, and Ween.] To think
     too   highly  or  arrogantly;  to  regard  one's  own  thinking  or
     conclusions  too highly; hence, to egotistic, arrogant, or rash, in
     opinion; to think conceitedly; to presume.

     They  that  overween, And at thy growing virtues fret their spleen.


     O`ver*ween"er (?), n. One who overweens. [R.]

     The conceits of warmed or overweening brain. Locke.


     O`ver*ween"ing,   a.   Unduly  confident;  arrogant;  presumptuous;
     conceited.     --     O`ver*ween"ingly,     adv.     Milton.     --
     O`ver*ween"ing*ness, n.

     Here's an overweening rogue. Shak.


     O`ver*ween"ing, n. Conceit; arrogance. Milton.


     O`ver*weigh"  (?),  v.  t.  To exceed in weight; to overbalance; to
     weigh down. Drayton. Hooker.


     O"ver*weight` (?), n.

     1. Weight over and above what is required by law or custom.

     2. Superabundance of weight; preponderance.


     O"ver*weight", a. Overweighing; excessive. [Obs.] "Of no overweight
     worth." Fuller.


     O`ver*well" (?), v. t. To overflow. R. D. Blackmore.


     O"ver*wet (?), n. Excessive wetness. [Obs.]

     Another ill accident is, overwet at sowing time. Bacon.


     O`ver*whelm" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Overwhelmed (?); p. pr. & vb.
     n. Overwhelming.]

     1.  To  cover  over completely, as by a great wave; to overflow and
     bury  beneath;  to ingulf; hence, figuratively, to immerse and bear
     down;   to   overpower;  to  crush;  to  bury;  to  oppress,  etc.,

     The sea overwhelmed their enemies. Ps. lxxviii. 53.

     Fearfulness  and  trembling  are  come  upon  me,  and  horror hath
     overwhelmed me. Ps. lv. 5.

     Foul deeds will rise, Though all the earth o'erwhelm them. Shak.

     Gaza  yet  stands;  but  all  her  sons are fallen, All in a moment
     overwhelmed and fallen. Milton.

     2. To project or impend over threateningly.

     His louering brows o'erwhelming his fair sight. Shak.

     3. To cause to surround, to cover. Papin.


     O"ver*whelm`, n. The act of overwhelming. [R.]


     O`ver*whelm"ing,      a.     Overpowering;     irresistible.     --
     O`ver*whelm"ing*ly, adv.


     O`ver*wind"  (?),  v.  t.  To wind too tightly, as a spring, or too
     far, as a hoisting rope on a drum.


     O`ver*wing" (?), v. t. To outflank. [Obs.] Milton.


     O"ver*wise"  (?),  a.  Too wise; affectedly wise. -- O`ver*wise"ly,
     adv. -- O`ver*wise"ness, n.


     O`ver*wit" (?), v. t. To outwit. Swift.


     O`ver*word"  (?),  v.  t.  To  say  in  too  many words; to express
     verbosely. Hales.


     O`ver*work"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Overworked (?) or Overwrought
     (; p. pr. & vb. n. Overworking.]

     1.  To  work beyond the strength; to cause to labor too much or too
     long; to tire excessively; as, to overwork a horse.

     2. To fill too full of work; to crowd with labor.

     My days with toil are overwrought. Longfellow.

     3. To decorate all over.


     O`ver*work", v. t. To work too much, or beyond one's strength.


     O"ver*work`,  n.  Work in excess of the usual or stipulated time or
     quantity; extra work; also, excessive labor.


     O`ver*worn"  (?),  p.  p.  &  a.  from  Overwear, v. t. Worn out or
     subdued by toil; worn out so as to be trite.


     O`ver*wrest"  (?),  v.  t.  To  wrest  or force from the natural or
     proper position. Shak.


     O`ver*wres"tle (?), v. t. To subdue by wrestling. [Obs.] Spenser.


     O`ver*wrought   (?),  p.  p.  &  a.  from  Overwork.  Wrought  upon
     excessively; overworked; overexcited.


     O"ver*zeal (?), n. Excess of zeal. Fairfax.


     O"ver*zeal"ous (?), a. Too zealous.


     O`vi*cap"sule (?), n. [Ovum + capsule.]

     1. (Anat) The outer layer of a Graafian follicle.

     2. (Zo\'94l.) Same as O\'94theca.


     O"vi*cell`  (?), n. [Ovum + cell.] (Zo\'94l) One of the dilatations
     of  the body wall of Bryozoa in which the ova sometimes undegro the
     first stages of their development. See Illust. of Chilostoma.


     O*vio"u*lar  (?),  a. [L. ovum an egg.] (Biol.) Of or pertaining to
     an egg.


     O"vi*cyst  (?),  n.  [Ovum  +  cyst.] (Zo\'94l.) The pouch in which
     incubation takes place in some Tunicata.


     O*vid"i*an  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  Latin poet Ovid;
     resembling the style of Ovid.


     O`vi*du"cal  (?),  a.  (Anat.)  Of  or  pertaining to oviducts; as,
     oviducal glands.


     O"vi*duct  (?),  n. [Ovum + duct: cf. F. oviducte.] (Anat.) A tube,
     or  duct,  for the passage of ova from the ovary to the exterior of
     the animal or to the part where further development takes place. In
     mammals the oviducts are also called Fallopian tubes.


     O*vif"er*ous  (?),  a. [Ovum + -ferous: cf. F. ovif\'8are.] (Biol.)
     Egg-bearing;  -- applied particularly to certain receptacles, as in
     Crustacea,  that retain the eggs after they have been excluded from
     the formative organs, until they are hatched.


     O"vi*form  (?),  a. [Ovum + -form: cf. F. oviforme.] (Biol.) Having
     the form or figure of an egg; egg-shaped; as, an oviform leaf.


     O*vig"er*ons  (?),  a.  [Ovum  +  -gerous: cf. F. ovigere.] (Biol.)
     Bearing eggs; oviferous.


     O"vile (?), a. See Ovine.


     O"vine  (?),  a.  [L.  ovinus, fr. ovis sheep: cf. F. ovine.] Of or
     pertaining to sheep; consisting of sheep.


     O*vip"a*ra (?), n. pl. [NL. See Oviparous.] (Zo\'94l.) An artifical
     division of vertebrates, including those that lay eggs; -opposed to


     O`vi*par"i*ty  (?), n. [See Oviparous.] (Biol.) Generatuon by means
     of ova. See Generation.


     O*vip"a*rous  (?),  a.  [L.  oviparus;  ovum  egg + parere to bring
     forth:  cf.  F. ovipare.] (Physiol.) Producing young from rggs; as,
     an  oviparous  animal, in which the egg is generally separated from
     the animal, and hatched after exclusion; -- opposed to viviparous.


     O`vi*pos"it  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Oviposited; p. pr. & vb. n.
     Ovipositing.]  [See  Ovum,  and  Posit.] To lay or deposit eggs; --
     said esp. of insects.


     O`vi*pos"it, v. t. To deposit or lay (an egg).

                           Ovipositing, Oviposition

     O`vi*pos"it*ing  (?),  O`vi*po*si"tion  (?),  n.  The depositing of
     eggs, esp. by insects.


     O`vi*pos"i*tor  (?),  n.  [L.  ovum  an egg + positor a placer, fr.
     ponere  to place.] (Zo\'94l.) The organ with which many insects and
     some  other animals deposit their eggs. Some ichneumon files have a
     long  ovipositor  fitted  to  pierce  the eggs or larv\'91 of other
     insects, in order to lay their own eggs within the same.


     O"vi*sac  (?), n. [Ovum + sac.] (Anat) (a) A Graafian follicle; any
     sac  containing  an ovum or ova. (b) The inner layer of the fibrous
     wall of a Graafian follicle.


     O"vist (?), n. (Biol.) Same as Ovulist.


     O`vo*coc"cus  (?),  n.;  pl.  Ovococci  (#).  [Ovum + Gr. (Biol.) A
     germinal vesicle.

                                Ovoid, Ovoidal

     O"void  (?),  O*void"al  (?),  a.  [Ovum + -oid: cf. F. ovo\'8bde.]
     Resembling  an  egg  in  shape;  egg-shaped;  ovate; as, an ovoidal


     O"void (?), n. A solid resembling an egg in shape.


     O"vo*lo (?), n. [It. ovolo, uovolo, fr. L. ovum an egg. Cf. Ovule.]
     (Arch.) A round, convex molding. See Illust. of Column.

     NOTE: &hand; In  Ro man wo rk it  is  us ually a  quarter circle in
     section;  in  Greek  work  it  is flatter, and is equivalent to the
     echinus;  that is, it has in section the elastic curve of the shell
     of   the   sea  urchin.  In  medi\'91val  architecture  it  is  not
     distinguishable  from  the  multitude  of  convex  moldings, of all
     sections, which are used.


     O*vol"o*gy  (?), n. [Ovum + -logy. Cf. F. ovologie.] That branch of
     natural history which treats of the origin and functions of eggs.


     O`vo*plas"ma  (?),  n.  [Ovum  +  plasma.]  (Boil.) Yolk; egg yolk.


     O`vo*test"tis  (?),  n.  [NL.  See Ovum, and Testis.] (Zo\'94l.) An
     organ  which  produces both ova and spermatozoids; an hermaphrodite


     O*vo*vi*vip"a*rous (?), a. [Ovum + viviparous: cf. F. ovovivipare.]
     (Biol.)  Oviparous,  but  hatching  the  egg while it is within the
     body, as some fishes and reptiles.


     O"vu*lar  (?), a. (Biol.) Relating or belonging to an ovule; as, an
     ovular growth.


     O"vu*la*ry (?), a. (Biol.) Pertaining to ovules.


     O"vu*late (?), a. (Biol.) Containing an ovule or ovules.


     O`vu*la"tion (?), n. (Phisiol.) The formation of ova or eggs in the
     ovary,  and  the discharge of the same. In the mammalian female the
     discharge occurs during menstruation.


     O"vule  (?),  n.  [Dim. of L. ovum an egg: cf. F. ovule. Cf. Ovolo,
     Ovulum.]  (Biol.)  (a)  The  rudiment  of  a  seed. It grows from a
     placenta,  and  consists  of  a  soft  nucleus  within two delicate
     coatings. The attached base of the ovule is the hilum, the coatings
     are  united  with  the  nucleus  at  the  chalaza, and their minute
     orifice is the foramen. (b) An ovum.


     O`vu*lif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [Ovule  +  -ferous.]  (biol.)  Producing


     O"vu*list   (?)  n.  (Biol.)  A  believer  in  the  theory  (called
     encasement  theory),  current during the last century, that the egg
     was  the  real animal germ, and that at the time of fecundation the
     spermatozoa  simply  gave the impetus which caused the unfolding of
     the  egg,  in  which  all  generations were inclosed one within the
     other. Also called ovist.


     O"vu*lite (?), n. [Ovum + -lite.] A fossil egg.


     O"vu*lum (?), n.; pl. Ovula (#). [NL. See Ovule.] (Biol.) An ovule.


     O"vum  (?),  n.;  pl.  L.  Ova  (#), E. Ovums (#). [L., an egg. See

     1.  (Biol.)  A  more  or  less  spherical  and  transparent mass of
     granular  protoplasm,  which  by  a  process  of multiplication and
     growth develops into a mass of cells, constituting a new individual
     like  the parent; an egg, spore, germ, or germ cell. See Illust. of

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ov um is  a  typical cell, with a cell wall, cell
     substance,  nucleus,  and  nucleolus. In man and the higher animals
     the  cell  wall, a vertically striated membrane, is called the zona
     pellucida;  the  cell  contents,  the  vitellus;  the  nucleus, the
     germinal  vesicle;  and  the  nucleolus,  the  germinal  spot.  The
     diameter  of  the  ripe ovum in man and the domestic animals varies
     between 1-200 and 1-120 of an inch.

     Page 1026

     2. (Arch.) One of the series of egg-shaped ornaments into which the
     ovolo is often carved. Gwilt.


     Owch (?), n. See Ouch. [Obs.] Speser.


     Owe (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Owed (?), (Ought ( obs.); p. pr. & vb.
     n.  Owing  (?).] [OE. owen, awen,aghen, to have, own, have (to do),
     hence,  owe,  AS. \'began to have; akin to G. eigen, a., own, Icel.
     eiga to have, Dan. eie, Sw. \'84ga, Goth. \'a0igan, Skr. Ought, v.,
     2d Own, Fraught.]

     1. To possess; to have, as the rightful owner; to own. [Obs.]

     Thou dost here usurp The name thou ow'st not. Shak.

     2.  To  have  or  possess,  as something derived or bestowed; to be
     obliged  to  ascribe  (something to some source); to be indebted or
     obliged  for;  as,  he  owed  his wealth to his father; he owed his
     victoty to his lieutenants. Milton.

     O deem thy fall not owed to man's decree. Pope.

     3.  Hence:  To  have  or  be under an obigation to restore, pay, or
     render   (something)   in  return  or  compensation  for  something
     received;  to  be  indebted  in  the  sum  of; as, the subject owes
     allegiance; the fortunate owe assistance to the unfortunate.

     The  one  ought  five  hundred  pence,  and  the other fifty. Bible

     A son owes help and honor to his father. Holyday.

     NOTE: &hand; Ow e wa s so metimes fo llowed by  an objective clause
     introduced  by  the  infinitive.  "Ye  owen to incline and bow your


     4. To have an obligation to (some one) on account of something done
     or received; to be indebted to; as, to iwe the grocer for supplies,
     or a laborer for services.


     Ow"el  (?),  a.  [OF.  oel,  owel,  iwel,ivel,  F.  \'82gal, fr. L.
     aequalis.] (Law) Equal. [Obs.] Burrill.


     Ow"el*ty  (?),  n.  [OF.  oelt\'82,  ivelt\'82.] (Law) Equality; --
     sometimes written ovelty and ovealty. Burrill.


     Ow"en (?), a.[See Own.] Own. [Obs.] Chaucer.


     Ow"en*ite  (?),  n.  A  follower  of  Robert  Owen,  who  tried  to
     reorganize  society  on  a  socialistic  basis,  and established an
     industrial  community on the Clyde, Scotland, and, later, a similar
     one in Indiana.


     O"wher  (?),  adv. [AS. \'behw\'91r.] Anywhere. [Obs.] "If he found
     owher a good fellow." Chaucer.


     Ow`ing  (?),  P.  p.  &  a.  [Used in a passive sense for owed (AS.
     \'begen. See Own).]

     1. Had or held under obligation of paying; due.

     There is more owing her than is paid. Shak.

     2.  Had  or  experienced  as  a  consequence,  result, issue, etc.;
     ascribable;  --  with to; as, misfortunes are often owing to vices;
     his failure was owing to speculations.


     Owl  (?), n. [AS. ; akin to D. uil, OHG. , G. eule, Icel. ugla, Sw.
     ugla, Dan. ugle.]

     1.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  cpecies  of  raptorial  birds  of  the  family
     Strigid\'91.  They  have  large  eyes  and  ears, and a conspicuous
     circle  of  feathers  around each eye. They are mostly nocturnal in
     their habits.

     NOTE: &hand; So me sp ecies ha ve erectile tufts of feathers on the
     head.  The  feathers  are  soft and somewhat downy. The species are
     numerous.  See Barn owl, Burrowing owl, Eared owl, Hawk owl, Horned
     owl, Screech owl, Snowy owl, under Barn\'3c Burrowing, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; In  the Scriptures the owl is commonly associated with
     desolation;  poets  and story-tellers introduce it as a bird of ill
     omen. . . . The Greeks and Romans made it the emblem of wisdom, and
     sacred  to  Minerva,  --  and indeed its large head and solemn eyes
     give it an air of wisdom. Am. Cyc.

     2. (Zo\'94l.) A variety of the domestic pigeon.

   Owl  monkey  (Zo\'94l.),  any one of several species of South American
   nocturnal  monkeys  of  the  genus Nyctipithecus. They have very large
   eyes.  Called  also  durukuli.  -- Owl moth ( (Zo\'94l.), a very large
   moth  (Erebus  strix). The expanse of its wings is over ten inches. --
   Owl  parrot  (Zo\'94l.),  the  kakapo.  --  Sea  owl  (Zo\'94l.),  the
   lumpfish.  --  Owl train, a cant name for certain railway trains whose
   run is in the nighttime.


   Owl, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Owled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Owling.]

   1. To pry about; to prowl. [Prov. Eng.]

   2. To carry wool or sheep out of England. [Obs.]

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wa s fo rmerly il legal, and was done chiefly by

   3. Hence, to carry on any contraband trade. [Eng.]


   Owl"er  (?),  n. [From Owl, v. i.] One who owls; esp., one who conveys
   contraband goods. See Owling, n. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] T. Brown.


   Owl"er*y (?), n.; pl. Owleries (. An abode or a haunt of owls.


   Owl"et  (?),  n.  [Dim.  of  owl. Cf. Howlet.] (Zo\'94l.) A small owl;
   especially,  the  European species (Athene noctua), and the California
   flammulated  owlet  (Megascops flammeolus). Owlet moth (Zo\'94l.), any
   noctuid moth.


   Owl"-eyed` (?), a. Having eyes like an owl's.


   Owl"ing,   n.  [From  Owl,  v.  i.]  (O.  Eng.  Law)  The  offense  of
   transporting  wool  or  sheep  out  of England contrary to the statute
   formerly existing. Blackstone.


   Owl"ish, a. Resembling, or characteristic of, an owl.


   Owl"ism (?), n. Affected wisdom; pompous dellness. [R.]


   Owl"light` (?), n. Glimmering or imperfect [R.] Bp. Warburton.


   Own (?), v. t. [OE. unnen to grant, permit, be pleased with, AS. unnan
   to  grant; akin to OS. giunnan, G. g\'94nnen, Icel. unna; of uncertain
   origin. This word has been confused with own to possess.] To grant; to
   acknowledge;  to  admit  to  be  true;  to  confess; to recognize in a
   particular character; as, we own that we have forfeited your love.

     The wakeful bloodhound rose, and shook his hide owns. Keats.


   Own,  a.  [OE. owen, awen, auen, aughen, AS. \'begen, p. p. of \'began
   to  possess; akin to OS. &emac;gan, G. & D. eigen, Icel. eiginn, Sw. &
   Dan. egen. &root;110. See Owe.] Belonging to; belonging exclusively or
   especially  to;  peculiar;  --  most frequently following a possessive
   pronoun,  as  my,  our,  thy,  your, his, her, its, their, in order to
   emphasize  or  intensify  the  idea of property, peculiar interest, or
   exclusive  ownership;  as,  my  own father; my own composition; my own
   idea;  at  my own price. "No man was his own [i. e., no man was master
   of himself, or in possession of his senses]." Shak. To hold one's own,
   to  keep  or  maintain  one's  possessions; to yield nothing; esp., to
   suffer no loss or disadvantage in a contest. Shak.


   Own,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Owned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Owning.] [OE.
   ohnien,  ahnien,  AS.  \'begnian,  fr. \'begen own, a. See Own, a.] To
   hold  as  property;  to  have  a legal or rightful title to; to be the
   proprietor or possessor of; to possess; as, to own a house.


   Own"er  (?),  n.  One who owns; a rightful proprietor; one who has the
   legal or rightful title, whether he is the possessor or not. Shak.


   Own"er*less, a. Without an owner.


   Own"er*ship,  n.  The  state  of  being  an  owner;  the right to own;
   exclusive   right  of  possession;  legal  or  just  claim  or  title;


   Owre  (?),  n.  [AS.  r;  akin  to  G. auerochs, OHG. , ohso, Icel. .]
   (Zo\'94l.) The aurohs. [Obs.]

                                  Owse, Owser

   Owse (?), Ow"ser (?), n. Tanner's ooze. See Ooze, 3.


   Ox  (?),  n.;  pl.  Oxen (#). [AS. oxa; akin to D. os. G. ochs, ochse,
   OHG.  ohso, Icel. oxi, Sw. & Dan. oxe, Goth. a\'a3hsa, Skr. ukshan ox,
   bull;  cf. Skr. uksh to sprinkle. Humid, Aurochs.] (Zo\'94l.) The male
   of  bovine  quadrupeds,  especially the domestic animal when castrated
   and grown to its full size, or nearly so. The word is also applied, as
   a general name, to any species of bovine animals, male and female.

     All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field. Ps. viii. 7.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e castrated male is called a steer until it attains
     its full growth, and then, an ox; but if castrated somewhat late in
     life,  it  is  called  a stag. The male, not castrated, is called a
     bull. These distinctions are well established in regard to domestic
     animals  of  this  genus. When wild animals of this kind are spoken
     of,  ox  is often applied both to the male and the female. The name
     ox  is  never  applied  to  the  individual  cow, or female, of the
     domestic kind. Oxen may comprehend both the male and the female.

   Grunting ox (Zo\'94l.), the yak. -- Indian ox (Zo\'94l.), the zebu. --
   Javan  ox  (Zo\'94l.),  the  banteng. -- Musk ox. (Zo\'94l.) See under
   Musk.  --  Ox  bile. See Ox gall, below. -- Ox gall, the fresh gall of
   the  domestic  ox; -- used in the arts and in medicine. -- Ox pith, ox
   marrow.  [Obs.]  Marston.  --  Ox  ray  (Zo\'94l.),  a  very large ray
   (Dicerobatis  Giorn\'91)  of  Southern Europe. It has a hornlike organ
   projecting forward from each pectoral fin. It sometimes becomes twenty
   feet  long  and twenty-eight feet broad, and weighs over a ton. Called
   also  sea  devil.  --  To have the black ox tread on one's foot, to be
   unfortunate;   to  know  what  sorrow  is  (because  black  oxen  were
   sacrificed to Pluto). Leigh Hunt.


   Ox`ac"id (?), n. (Chem.) See Oxyacid.


   Ox"a*lan  (?), n. [From Alloxan, by transposition of letters.] (Chem.)
   A  complex  nitrogenous  substance  C3N3H5O3 obtained from alloxan (or
   when  urea is fused with ethyl oxamate), as a stable white crystalline
   powder; -- called also oxaluramide.


   Ox`a*lan"tin  (?),  n. [From Alloxantin, by transposition of letters.]
   (Chem.)  A white crystalline nitrogenous substance (C6H4N4O5) obtained
   by the reduction of parabanic acid; -- called also leucoturic acid.


   Ox"a*late  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  oxalate. See Oxalic.] (Chem.) A salt of
   oxalic acid.


   Ox*al"de*hyde (?), n. [Oxalic + aldehyde.] (Chem.) Same as Glyoxal.


   Ox`al*eth"yl*ine  (?),  n.  [Oxalic  +  ethyl  +  -ine.]  A  poisonous
   nitrogenous base (C6H10N2) obtained indirectly from oxamide as a thick
   transparent  oil which has a strong narcotic odor, and a physiological
   action  resembling  that  of  atropine.  It  is  probably  related  to


   Ox*al"ic  (?),  a.  [From Oxalis: cf. F. oxalique.] (Chem.) Pertaining
   to,  derived  from,  or contained in, sorrel, or oxalis; specifically,
   designating  an acid found in, and characteristic of, oxalis, and also
   certain  plant of the Buckwheat family. Oxalic acid (Chem.), a dibasic
   acid, existing combined in oxalis as an acid potassium oxalate, and in
   many  plant  tissues as the calcium oxalate. It is prepared on a large
   scale,  by the action of fused caustic soda or potash on sawdust, as a
   white  crystalline  substance,  which  has a strong acid taste, and is
   poisonous  in  large  doses.  It  is  used in dyeing, calico printing,
   bleaching flax and straw, the preparation of formic acid, and in salts
   of lemon for removing ink stains, mold, etc.


   Ox"a*line (?), n. [Glyoxal + -ine.] (Chem.) See Glyoxaline.


   Ox"a*lis  (?),  n.  [L.,  a  kind  of  sorrel,  Gr.  (Bot.) A genus of
   plants,mostly  herbs, with acid-tasting trifoliolate or multifoliolate
   leaves; -- called also wood sorrel.


   Ox"a*lite  (?),  n.  (Min.)  A yellow mineral consisting of oxalate of


   Ox`a*lur*am"ide (?), n. [Oxaluric + amide.] (Chem.) Same as Oxalan.


   Ox`a*lur"ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of oxaluric acid.


   Ox`a*lur"ic  (?),  a.  [Oxalyl  +  urea.]  (Chem.)  Pertaining  to, or
   designating,  a  complex  nitrogenous  acid related to the ureids, and
   obtained from parabanic acid as a white silky crystalline substance.


   Ox"a*lyl  (?),  n.  [Oxalic  + -yl.] (Chem.) (a) A hydrocarbon radical
   (C2O2)  regarded  as  a  residue  of  oxalic  acid  and  occurring  in
   derivatives  of  it. (b) An old name for carbonyl. (c) An old name for


   Ox*am"ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of oxamic acid.


   Ox`a*meth"ane  (?),  n.  [Oxamic  +  ethyl.]  (Chem.)  Ethyl  oxamate,
   obtained as a white scaly crystalline powder.


   Ox`a*meth"yl*ane  (?),  n.  [Oxamic + methyl.] (Chem.) Methyl oxamate,
   obtained as a pearly white crystalline substance.


   Ox*am"ic   (?),   a.  [Oxalic  +  amido]  (Chem.)  Pertaining  to,  or
   designating,  an  acid  NH2.C2O2.HO  obtained  as  a  fine crystalline
   powder,  intermediate  between  oxalic  acid and oxamide. Its ammonium
   salt is obtained by boiling oxamide with ammonia.


   Ox*am"ide  (?),  n,  [Oxalic  +  amide.]  (Chem.)  A white crystalline
   neutral substance (C2O2(NH2)2) obtained by treating ethyl oxalate with
   ammonia.  It  is  the  acid amide of oxalic acid. Formerly called also


   Ox*am"i*dine  (?), n. [Oxygen + amido + -ine.] (Chem.) One of a series
   of  bases containing the amido and the isonitroso groups united to the
   same carbon atom.


   Ox`a*nill*am"ide   (?),   n.  [Oxanilic  +  amide.]  (Chem.)  A  white
   crystalline  nitrogenous  substance, obtained indirectly by the action
   of  cyanogen on aniline, and regarded as an anilide of oxamic acid; --
   called also phenyl oxamide.


   Ox*an"i*late (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of oxanilic acid.


   Ox`an*il"ic  (?),  a.  [Oxalic  +  aniline.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or
   derived  from,  oxalic  acid and aniline; -- used to designate an acid
   obtained  in  white  crystalline  scales  by  heating these substances


   Ox*an"i*lide  (?),  n.  [Oxalic  +  aniline  + amide.] (Chem.) a white
   crystalline  substance,  resembling  oxanilamide,  obtained by heating
   aniline  oxalate,  and regarded as a double anilide of oxalic acid; --
   called also diphenyl oxamide.


   Ox"bane`  (?), n. (Bot.) A poisonous bulbous plant (Buphane toxicaria)
   of the Cape of Good Hope.


   Ox"bird` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The dunlin. (b) The sanderling. (c) An
   African weaver bird (Textor alector).


   Ox"bit`er (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The cow blackbird. [Local, U. S.]


   Ox"bow`  (?), n. A frame of wood, bent into the shape of the letter U,
   and embracing an ox's neck as a kind of collar, the upper ends passing
   through  the bar of the yoke; also, anything so shaped, as a bend in a


   Ox"eye` (?), n. [Ox + eye.]

   1.  (Bot.) (a) The oxeye daisy. See under Daisy. (b) The corn camomile
   (Anthemis  arvensis).  (c)  A  genus of composite plants (Buphthalmum)
   with large yellow flowers.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  titmouse, especially the great titmouse (Parus
   major)  and  the  blue titmouse (P. c\'d2ruleus). [Prov. Eng.] (b) The
   dunlin. (c) A fish; the bogue, or box.
   Creeping oxeye (Bot.) a West Indian composite plant (Wedelia carnosa).
   --  Seaside  oxeye  (Bot.),  a  West Indian composite shrub (Borrichia


   Ox"*eyed`  (?),  a.  Having  large,  full  eyes,  like those of an ox.


   Ox"fly` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The gadfly of cattle.


   Ox"ford  (?), a. Of or pertaining to the city or university of Oxford,
   England.  Oxford movement. See Tractarianism. -- Oxford School, a name
   given  to  those  members  of  the  Church  of England who adopted the
   theology  of  the  so-called Oxford "Tracts for the Times," issued the
   period  1833 -- 1841. Shipley. -- Oxford tie, a kind of shoe, laced on
   the instep, and usually covering the foot nearly to the ankle.


   Ox"gang` (?), n. [Ox + gang, n., 1.] (O. Eng. Law) See Bovate.


   Ox"goad` (?), n. A goad for driving oxen.


   Ox"head`  (?), n. [Cf. Hogshead.] Literally, the head of an ox (emblem
   of cuckoldom); hence, a dolt; a blockhead.

     Dost make a mummer of me, oxhead? Marston.


   Ox"heal` (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Bear's-foot.


   Ox"heart`  (?),  n. A large heart-shaped cherry, either black, red, or


   Ox"hide` (?), n.

   1. The skin of an ox, or leather made from it.

   2. (O. Eng. Law) A measure of land. See 3d Hide.


   Ox"id (?), n. (Chem.) See Oxide.


   Ox`i*da*bil"i*ty  (?), n. [Cf. F. oxydabilit\'82.] Capability of being
   converted into an oxide.


   Ox"i*da*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. oxydable.] Capable of being converted into
   an oxide.


   Ox"i*date  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Oxidated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Oxidating.] [Cf. f. oxyder. See Oxide.] (Chem.) To oxidize. [Obs.]


   Ox`i*da"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. oxidation.] (Chem.) The act or process of
   oxidizing, or the state or result of being oxidized.


   Ox"i*da`tor (?), n.

   1. An oxidizer. [Obs.]

   2.  A contrivance for causing a current of air to impinge on the flame
   of the Argand lamp; -- called also oxygenator.

   Page 1027


   Ox"ide  (?),  n. [F. oxyg\'8ane oxigen + acide acid: cf. F. oxyde. The
   French word was correctly spelt oxide, till about the year 1840, when,
   in  ignorance  or forgetfulness of the true history and composition of
   the word, the orthography was change to make it represent the u of Gr.
   'oxy`s,  from which it was supposed to be directly derived.] (Chem.) A
   binary compound of oxygen with an atom or radical, or a compound which
   is  regarded  as  binary; as, iron oxide, ethyl oxide, nitrogen oxide,

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e ch emical no menclature ad opted by Guyton de
     Morveau,  Lavoisier,and  their associates, the term oxides was made
     to  include  all  compounds  of oxygen which had no acid (F. acide)
     properties,  as contrasted with the acid, all of which were at that
     time supposed to contain oxygen. The orthography oxyde, oxyd, etc.,
     was  afterwards  introduced  in  ignorance or disregard of the true
     etymology,  but  these  forms  are  now  obsolete  in  English. The
     spelling oxid is not common.


   Ox"i*di`za*ble (?), a. Capable of being oxidized.


   Ox"i*dize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Oxidized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Oxidizing.]  (Chem.)  To combine with oxygen, or subject to the action
   of oxygen, or of an oxidizing agent. Specifically: (a) To combine with
   oxygen  or  with more oxygen; to add oxygen to; as, to oxidize nitrous
   acid  so  as  to  form  nitric  acid.  (b)  To  remove  hydrogen  from
   (anything),  as  by the action of oxygen; as, to oxidize alcohol so as
   to  form  aldehyde.  (c)  To  subject to the action of oxygen or of an
   oxidizing agent, so as to bring to a higher grade, as an -ous compound
   to  an  -ic  compound;  as,  to oxidize mercurous chloride to mercuric

     NOTE: &hand; In  ce rtain ca ses to  ox idize is  identical with to
     acidify;  for,  in  nearly  all  cases, the more oxygen a substance
     contains  the  more  nearly  does it approximate to acid qualities;
     thus,  by  oxidation  many  elements, as sulphur, nitrogen, carbon,
     chromium,  manganese,  etc.,  pass  into  compounds  which are acid
     anhydrides, and thus practically in the acid state.


   Ox"i*dize`ment (?), n. Oxidation. [R.]


   Ox"i*di`zer  (?),  n. (Chem.) An agent employed in oxidation, or which
   facilitates  or brings about combination with oxygen; as, nitric acid,
   chlorine, bromine, etc., are strong oxidizers.


   Ox*id"u*la`ted  (?),  a. (Chem.) Existing in the state of a protoxide;
   -- said of an oxide. [R.]


   Ox"ime  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  One  of  a series of isonitroso derivatives
   obtained by the action of hydroxylamine on aldehydes or ketones.


   Ox*in"dol  (?),  n.  [Oxygen  +  indol.]  (Chem.)  A white crystalline
   nitrogenous  substance  (C8H7NO)  of  the indol group, obtained by the
   reduction of dioxindol. It is a so-called lactam compound.


   Ox`i*od"ic  (?),  a.  [Oxy-  (a)  +  iodic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or
   designating, certain compounds of iodine and oxygen.


   Ox"like (?), a. Characteristic of, or like, an ox.


   Ox"lip`  (?),  n.  [AS.  oxanslyppe.  See Ox, and Cowslip.] (Bot.) The
   great cowslip (Primula veris, var. elatior).


   Ox"o*nate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of oxonic acid.


   Ox*o"ni*an  (?),  a.  Of  or relating to the city or the university of
   Oxford, England. Macaulay.


   Ox*o"ni*an, n. A student or graduate of Oxford University, in England.


   Ox*on"ic  (?), a. [Prob. glyoxalic + carbonic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to,
   or designating, a complex nitrogenous acid (C4H5N3O4) not known in the
   free  state,  but  obtained,  in combination with its salts, by a slow
   oxidation of uric acid, to which it is related.


   Ox"peck`er  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) An African bird of the genus Buphaga;
   the beefeater.


   Ox"shoe`  (?),  n. A shoe for oxen, consisting of a flat piece of iron
   nailed to the hoof.


   Ox"ter  (?),  n.  [AS.  &omac;hsta.] The armpit; also, the arm. [Prov.
   Eng. & Scot.]


   Ox"tongue`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A name given to several plants, from the
   shape  and  roughness of their leaves; as, Anchusa officinalis, a kind
   of bugloss, and Helminthia echioides, both European herbs.


   Ox"y- (?). (Chem.) A prefix, also used adjectively, designating: (a) A
   compound  containing  oxygen.  (b)  A compound containing the hydroxyl
   group,  more  properly designated by hydroxy-. See Hydroxy-. Oxy acid.
   See Oxyacid (below).


   Ox`y*a*ce"tic  (?), a. [Oxy- (b) + acetic.] Hydroxyacetic; designating
   an acid called also glycolic acid.


   Ox`y*ac"id  (?),  n.  [Oxy-  (a)  +  acid.] (Chem.) An acid containing
   oxygen,  as  chloric  acid  or  sulphuric acid; -- contrasted with the
   hydracids,  which  contain  no oxygen, as hydrochloric acid. See Acid,
   and Hydroxy-.


   Ox`y*am*mo"ni*a  (?),  n.  [Oxy-  (b)  +  ammonia.]  (Chem.)  Same  as


   Ox`y*ben"zene  (?),  n. [Oxy- (b) + benzene.] (Chem.) Hydroxy benzene.
   Same as Phenol.


   Ox`y*ben*zo"ic  (?),  a. [Oxy- (b) + benzoic.] (Chem.) Hydroxybenzoic;
   pertaining to, or designating, any one of several hydroxyl derivatives
   of benzonic acid, of which the commonest is salicylic acid.


   Ox`y*bro"mic  (?),  a.  [Oxy- (a) + bromic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or
   designating, certain compounds of oxygen and bromine.


   Ox`y*bu*tyr"ic  (?),  a. [Oxy- (b) + butyric.] (Chem.) Hydroxybutyric;
   designating any one of a group of metameric acids (C3H6.OH.CO2H).


   Ox`y*cal"ci*um  (?),  a.  [Oxy-  (a)  +  calcium.] Of or pertaining to
   oxygen and calcium; as, the oxycalcium light. See Drummond light.


   Ox`y*ca*pro"ic (?), a. (Chem.) See Leucic.


   Ox`y*chlo"ric (?), a. [Oxy- (a) + chloric.] (Chem.) (a) Of, pertaining
   to, or designating in general, certain compounds containing oxygen and
   chlorine. (b) Formerly designating an acid now called perchloric acid.
   See Perchloric.


   Ox`y*chlo"ride  (?),  n.  [Oxy-  (a)  +  chloride.]  (Chem.) A ternary
   compound of oxygen and chlorine; as, plumbic oxychloride.


   Ox"y*crate  (?),  n.  [Gr.  oxycrat.]  (med.)  A  Mixture of water and
   vinegar. Wiseman.


   Ox`y*cy"mene (?), n. [Oxy- (b) + cymene.] (Chem.) Hydroxy cymene. Same
   as Carvacrol.


   Ox"y*gen (?) n. [F. oxyg\'8ane, from Gr. acid.]

   1. (Chem.) A colorless, tasteless, odorless, gaseous element occurring
   in  the  free  state in the atmosphere, of which it forms about 23 per
   cent by weight and about 21 per cent by volume, being slightly heavier
   than nitrogen. Symbol O. Atomic weight 15.96.

     NOTE: &hand; It  oc curs co mbined in  im mense quantities, forming
     eight ninths by weight of water, and probably one half by weight of
     the entire solid crust of the globe, being an ingredient of silica,
     the   silicates,   sulphates,  carbonates,  nitrates,  etc.  Oxygen
     combines  with  all  elements  (except  fluorine),  forming oxides,
     bases,  oxyacid  anhydrides,  etc.,  the  process  in general being
     called   oxidation,   of   which  combustion  is  only  an  intense
     modification.  At  ordinary temperatures with most substances it is
     moderately active, but at higher temperatures it is one of the most
     violent  and powerful chemical agents known. It is indispensable in
     respiration,  and  in  general  is  the most universally active and
     efficient  element. It may be prepared in the pure state by heating
     potassium  chlorate.  This  element (called dephlogisticated air by
     Priestley)  was named oxygen by Lavoisier because he supposed it to
     be a constituent of all acids. This is not so in the case of a very
     few  acids  (as  hydrochloric, hydrobromic, hydric sulphide, etc.),
     but  these  do contain elements analogous to oxygen in property and
     action.  Moreover,  the fact that most elements approach the nearer
     to  acid  qualities  in  proportion  as they are combined with more
     oxygen,  shows  the  great  accuracy  and  breadth  of  Lavoisier's
     conception of its nature.

   2. Chlorine used in bleaching. [Manufacturing name]


   Ox"y*gen*ate  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Oxygenated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Oxygenating  (?).] [Cf. F. oxyg\'82ner.] (Chem.) To unite, or cause to
   combine, with oxygen; to treat with oxygen; to oxidize; as, oxygenated
   water (hydrogen dioxide).


   Ox`y*gen*a"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. oxyg\'82nation.] (Chem.) The act or
   process of combining or of treating with oxygen; oxidation.


   Ox"y*gen*a`tor (?), n. An oxidizer.


   Ox`y*gen"ic  (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, containing, or resembling,
   oxygen; producing oxygen.


   Ox`y*ge"ni*um (?), n. [NL.] (Chem.) The technical name of oxygen. [R.]


   Ox"y*gen*i"za*ble (?), a. (Chem.) Oxidizable.


   Ox"y*gen*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Oxygenized (?); p pr. & vb. n.
   Oxygenizing (?).] (Chem.) To oxidize.


   Ox"y*gen*ize`ment (?), n. Oxidation.


   Ox*yg"e*nous (?), a. Oxygenic.


   Ox"y*gon  (?), n. [Gr. oxygone.] (Geom.) A triangle having three acute

                              Oxygonal, Oxygonial

   Ox*yg"o*nal (?), Ox`y*go"ni*al (?), a. Having acute angles. Barlow.

                      OxYh\'91macyanin, Oxyh\'91mocyanin

   Ox`Y*h\'91m`a*cy"a*nin (?), Ox`y*h\'91m`o*cy"a*nin (?), n. [Oxy- (a) +
   h\'91macyanin, h\'91mocyanin.] (Physiol. Chem.) See H\'91macyanin.

                        Oxyh\'91moglobin, Oxyhemoglobin

   Ox`y*h\'91m`o*glo"bin,   Ox`y*hem`o*glo"bin   (?),   n.  [Oxy-  (a)  +
   h\'91moglobin, hemoglobin.] (Physiol. Chem.) See Hemoglobin.


   Ox`y*hy"dro*gen   (?),  a.  [Oxy-  (a)  +  hydrogen.]  (Chem.)  Of  or
   pertaining  to  a mixture of oxygen and hydrogen; as, oxyhydrogen gas.
   Oxyhydrogen blowpipe. (Chem.) See Blowpipe. -- Oxyhydrogen microscope,
   a  form  of  microscope  arranged  so  as to use the light produced by
   burning lime or limestone under a current of oxyhydrogen gas.


   Ox"y*mel  (?),  n.  [L. oxymeli, Gr. (Med.) A mixture of honey, water,
   vinegar, and spice, boiled to a sirup. Sir T. Elyot.


   Ox`y*meth"yl*ene,  n. [Oxy- (a) + methylene.] (Chem.) Formic aldehyde,
   regarded as a methylene derivative.


   Ox`y*mo"ron (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Rhet.) A figure in which an epithet
   of a contrary signification is added to a word; e. g., cruel kindness;
   laborious idleness.


   Ox`y*mu"ri*ate  (?), n. (Old Chem.) A salt of the supposed oxymuriatic
   acid; a chloride. Oxymuriate of lime, chloride of lime.


   Ox`y*mu`ri*at"ic  (?), a. [Oxy- (a) + muriatic: cf. F. oxymuriatique.]
   (Chem.)  Pertaining  to,  or  consisting of, oxygen and muriatic acid,
   that  is,  hydrochloric  acid.  [Archaic.] Oxymuriatic acid, chlorine,
   formerly so called on the supposition that it was a compound of oxygen
   and muriatic acid. [Obs.]


   Ox`y*neu"rine (?), n. (Chem.) See Betaine.


   Ox*yn"tic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Physiol.)  Acid;  producing acid; -applied
   especially to certain glands and cells in the stomach.

                                Oxyopia, Oxyopy

   Ox`y*o"pi*a  (?),  Ox"y*o`py  (?),  n.  [NL.  oxyopia, from Gr. (Med.)
   Excessive acuteness of sight.


   Ox`y*phe"nic  (?),  a.  [Oxy- (b) + phenol.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or
   designating,  the  phenol  formerly  called  oxyphenic  acid,  and now
   oxyphenol and pyrocatechin. See Pyrocatechin.


   Ox`y*phe"nol  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  phenol,  oxyphenic  acid,  and now


   Ox*yph"o*ny (?), n. [Gr. Acuteness or shrillness of voice.


   Ox`y*quin"o*line  (?),  n.  [Oxy-  (b)  +  quinoline.] (Chem.) Hydroxy
   quinoline;   a   phenol   derivative  of  quinoline,  --  called  also


   Ox`y*rhyn"cha (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The maioid crabs.


   Ox*yr"rho*dine  (?),  n.  [Gr.  'oxy`s  acid + (Med.) A mixture of two
   parts of the oil of roses with one of the vinegar of roses. Floyer.


   Ox"y*salt  (?), n. [Oxy- (a) + salt.] (Chem.) A salt of an oxyacid, as
   a sulphate.


   Ox`y*sul"phide  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  ternary  compound  of oxygen and


   Ox`y*sul"phu*ret (?), n. (Chem.) An oxysulphide. [Obsolescent]


   Ox`y*toc"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Med.) Promoting uterine contractions, or
   parturition. -- n. An oxytocic medicine or agent.


   Ox`y*tol"u*ene  (?),  n.  [Oxy-  (a)  + toluene.] One of three hydroxy
   derivatives of toluene, called the cresols. See Cresol.


   Ox"y*tone  (?),  a. [Gr. Having an acute sound; (Gr. Gram.), having an
   acute accent on the last syllable.


   Ox"y*tone, n.

   1. An acute sound.

   2. (Gr. Gram.) A word having the acute accent on the last syllable.


   Ox`y*ton"ic*al (?), a. (Gr. Gram.) Oxytone.


   O"yer  (?),  n.  [Anglo F., a hearing, from OF. o\'8br, F. ou\'8br, to
   hear, L. audire. See Audible.] (Law) A hearing or an inspection, as of
   a  deed,  bond,  etc.,  as  when  a defendant in court prays oyer of a
   writing.  Blackstone.  Oyer and terminer (Law), a term used in England
   in  commissions  directed  to  judges  of  assize about to hold court,
   directing them to hear and determine cases brought before them. In the
   U.S. the phrase is used to designate certain criminal courts.


   O"yez`  (&omac;y&ecr;s;  277),  interj.  [Anglo-F.  oyez  hear ye. See
   Oyer.]  Hear;  attend;  --  a  term used by criers of courts to secure
   silence  before  making  a  proclamation.  It is repeated three times.
   [Written also oyes.]


   Oy"let (?), n. [See Eyelet.]

   1. See Eyelet.

   2. (Arch.) Same as Oillet.


   Oy"noun (?), n.Onion. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Oys"ter  (?),  n.  [OF.  oistre,  F. hu\'8ctre, L. ostrea, ostreum,Gr.
   Osseous, Ostracize.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) Any marine bivalve mollusk of the genus Ostrea. They are
   usually  found  adhering  to  rocks  or other fixed objects in shallow
   water  along  the  seacoasts,  or  in  brackish  water in the mouth of
   rivers.  The  common European oyster (Ostrea edulis), and the American
   oyster (Ostrea Virginiana), are the most important species.

   2.  A name popularly given to the delicate morsel contained in a small
   cavity  of  the  bone  on each side of the lower part of the back of a
   Fresh-water  oyster  (Zo\'94l.), any species of the genus Etheria, and
   allied  genera,  found in rivers of Africa and South America. They are
   irregular  in  form,  and attach themselves to rocks like oysters, but
   they  have  a  pearly  interior,  and  are  allied  to the fresh-water
   mussels.  --  Oyster  bed,  a breeding place for oysters; a place in a
   tidal  river or other water on or near the seashore, where oysters are
   deposited  to  grow and fatten for market. See lst Scalp, n. -- Oyster
   catcher  (Zo\'94l.), any one of several species of wading birds of the
   genus  H\'91matopus, which frequent seashores and feed upon shellfish.
   The  European species (H. ostralegus), the common American species (H.
   palliatus), and the California, or black, oyster catcher (H. Bachmani)
   are   the   best  known.  --  Oyster  crab  (Zo\'94l.)  a  small  crab
   (Pinnotheres ostreum) which lives as a commensal in the gill cavity of
   the  oyster.  -- Oyster dredge, a rake or small dragnet of bringing up
   oyster  from the bottom of the sea. -- Oyster fish. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The
   tautog.  (b)  The toadfish. -- Oyster plant. (Bot.) (a) A plant of the
   genus  Tragopogon  (T.  porrifolius),  the root of which, when cooked,
   somewhat  resembles  the  oyster  in  taste;  salsify;  -- called also
   vegetable  oyster.  (b)  A  plant  found  on  the seacoast of Northern
   Europe,  America  and  Asia  (Mertensia maritima), the fresh leaves of
   which  have  a  strong flavor of oysters. -- Oyster plover. (Zo\'94l.)
   Same  as  Oyster catcher, above. -- Oyster shell (Zo\'94l.), the shell
   of  an oyster. -- Oyster wench, Oyster wife, Oyster women, a women who
   deals  in  oysters.  --  Pearl  oyster. (Zo\'94l.) See under Pearl. --
   Thorny  oyster  (Zo\'94l.),  any  spiny  marine  shell  of  the  genus

  Oyster Oys"ter (?), n. (Bot.) A green membranous seaweed (Ulva) often found
             growing on oysters but common on stones, piles, etc.


   Oys"ter*ing, n. Gathering, or dredging for, oysters.


   Oys"ter*ling (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A young oyster.

   Page 1028


   O*zo"na  (?),  n. [NL., fr. L. ozaena, Gr. (Med.) A discharge of fetid
   matter from the nostril, particularly if associated with ulceration of
   the soft parts and disease of the bones of the nose.


   O`zo*ce"rite (?), n. [Gr. (Min.) A waxlike mineral resin; -- sometimes
   called native paraffin, and mineral wax.


   O`zo*na"tion (?), n. (Chem.) The act of treating with ozone; also, the
   act of converting into, or producing, ozone; ozonization.


   O"zone (?), n. [Gr. Odor.] (Chem.) A colorless gaseous substance (O


   O*zon"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Pertaining to, resembling, or containing,


   O*zo`ni*fi*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [Ozone  +  L. -ficare to make. See fy. ]
   (Chem.)  The  act  or  process  of  producing, or of subjecting to the
   action of, ozone.


   O`zo*ni*za"tion (?), n. (Chem.) Ozonation.


   O"zo*nize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Ozonized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ozonizing.] (Chem.) (a) To convert into ozone, as oxygen. (b) To treat
   with ozone.


   O"zo*ni`zer  (?),  n. (Chem.) An apparatus or agent for the production
   or application of ozone.


   O`zo*nom"e*ter   (?),   n.   [Ozone   +  -meter.]  An  instrument  for
   ascertaining  the amount of ozone in the atmosphere, or in any gaseous
   mixture. Faraday.


   O`zo*no*met"ric  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Pertaining  to,  or  used for, the
   determination of the amount of ozone; of or relating to ozonometry.


   O`zo*nom"e*try (?), n. (Chem.) The measurement or determination of the
   quantity of ozone.


   O*zo"no*scope  (?), n. [Ozone + -scope.] (Chem.) An apparatus employed
   to indicate the presence, or the amount, of ozone.


   O*zo`no*scop"ic  (?),  a. [Ozone + Gr. (Chem.) Serving to indicate the
   presence or the amount of ozone.


   O"zo*nous (?), a. Pertaining to or containing, ozone.