Unabridged Dictionary - Letter M

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                              Maccaboy, Maccoboy

   Mac"ca*boy  (?),  Mac"co*boy (?), n. [From a district in the Island of
   Martinique where it is made: cf. F. macouba.] A kind of snuff.


   Mac"co  (?),  n.  A  gambling game in vogue in the eighteenth century.


   Mace (?), n. [Jav. & Malay. m\'bes, fr. Skr. m\'besha a bean.] A money
   of  account  in  China equal to one tenth of a tael; also, a weight of
   57.98 grains. S. W. Williams.


   Mace  (?),  n. [F. macis, L. macis, macir, Gr. makaranda the nectar or
   honey of a flower, a fragrant mango.] (Bot.) A kind of spice; the aril
   which partly covers nutmegs. See Nutmeg.

     NOTE: &hand; Re d ma ce is the aril of Myristica tingens, and white
     mace  that of M. Otoba, -- East Indian trees of the same genus with
     the nutmeg tree.


   Mace,  n.  [OF.  mace, F. masse, from (assumed) L. matea, of which the
   dim. mateola a kind of mallet or beetle, is found.]

   1. A heavy staff or club of metal; a spiked club; -- used as weapon in
   war before the general use of firearms, especially in the Middle Ages,
   for breaking metal armor. Chaucer.

     Death with his mace petrific . . . smote. Milton.

   2.  Hence:  A  staff  borne  by, or carried before, a magistrate as an
   ensign of his authority. "Swayed the royal mace." Wordsworth.

   3. An officer who carries a mace as an emblem of authority. Macaulay.

   4.  A  knobbed  mallet used by curriers in dressing leather to make it

   5.  (Billiards)  A rod for playing billiards, having one end suited to
   resting on the table and pushed with one hand.
   Mace bearer, an officer who carries a mace before person in authority.


   Mac`e*do"ni*an  (?),  a.  [L.  Macedonius,  Gr.  (Geog.) Belonging, or
   relating, to Macedonia. -- n. A native or inhabitant of Macedonia.


   Mac`e*do"ni*an,  n.  (Eccl.  Hist.)  One  of a certain religious sect,
   followers  of  Macedonius,  Bishop  of  Constantinople,  in the fourth
   century, who held that the Holy Ghost was a creature, like the angels,
   and a servant of the Father and the Son.


   Mac`e*do"ni*an*ism (?), n. The doctrines of Macedonius.


   Ma"cer (?), n. [F. massier. See Mace staff.] A mace bearer; an officer
   of a court. P. Plowman.


   Mac"er*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Macerated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Macerating.]  [L.  maceratus,  p. p. of macerare to make soft, weaken,
   enervate; cf. Gr.

   1. To make lean; to cause to waste away. [Obs. or R.] Harvey.

   2.  To  subdue  the  appetites of by poor and scanty diet; to mortify.

   3.  To  soften  by steeping in a liquid, with or without heat; to wear
   away  or  separate the parts of by steeping; as, to macerate animal or
   vegetable fiber.


   Mac"er*a`ter  (?),  n. One who, or that which, macerates; an apparatus
   for converting paper or fibrous matter into pulp.


   Mac`er*a"tion (?), n. [L. maceratio: cf. F. mac\'82ration.] The act or
   process of macerating.

                          Mach\'91rodus, Machairodus

   Ma*ch\'91"ro*dus (?), Ma*chai"ro*dus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) A
   genus  of  extinct mammals allied to the cats, and having in the upper
   jaw  canine  teeth  of  remarkable  size and strength; -- hence called
   saber-toothed tigers.


   Ma*che"te  (?),  n. [Sp.] A large heavy knife resembling a broadsword,
   often  two  or  three  feet  in  length, -- used by the inhabitants of
   Spanish  America  as  a hatchet to cut their way through thickets, and
   for various other purposes. J. Stevens.


   Mach`i*a*vel"ian (?), a. [From Machiavel, an Italian writer, secretary
   and  historiographer to the republic of Florence.] Of or pertaining to
   Machiavel,   or  to  his  supposed  principles;  politically  cunning;
   characterized by duplicity or bad faith; crafty.


   Mach`i*a*vel"ian,  n.  One  who  adopts the principles of Machiavel; a
   cunning and unprincipled politician.

                         Machiavelism, Machiavelianism

   Mach"i*a*vel*ism   (?),   Mach`i*a*vel"ian*ism   (?),   n.   [Cf.   F.
   machiav\'82lisme;  It.  machiavellismo.]  The  supposed  principles of
   Machiavel,  or  practice  in  conformity  to them; political artifice,
   intended to favor arbitrary power.


   Ma*chic"o*la`ted  (?),  a.  [LL.  machicolatus,  p. p. of machicolare,
   machicollare. See Machicolation.] Having machicolations. "Machicolated
   turrets." C. Kingsley.


   Mach`i*co*la"tion (?), n. [Cf. LL. machicolamentum, machacolladura, F.
   m\'83chicolis,   m\'83checoulis;   perh.   fr.   F.   m\'8ache  match,
   combustible matter + OF. coulis, couleis, flowing, fr. OF. & F. couler
   to flow. Cf. Match for making fire, and Cullis.]

   1.  (Mil.  Arh.)  An  opening  between  the  corbels  which  support a
   projecting  parapet,  or  in  the  floor of a gallery or the roof of a
   portal,  shooting  or  dropping missiles upen assailants attacking the
   base  of  the  walls.  Also,  the  construction  of  such defenses, in
   general,  when  of  this  character.  See  Illusts.  of Battlement and

   2.  The  act  of  discharging  missiles  or  pouring burning or melted
   substances upon assailants through such apertures.


   Ma`chi`cou`lis"  (?),  n.  [F.  m\'83chicoulis.]  (Mil. Arch.) Same as


   Ma*chin"al  (?), a. [L. machinalis: cf. F. machinal.] Of or pertaining
   to machines.


   Mach"i*nate  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Machinated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Machinating  (?).] [L. machinatus, p. p. of machinari to devise, plot.
   See  Machine.]  To  plan; to contrive; esp., to form a scheme with the
   purpose  of  doing harm; to contrive artfully; to plot. "How long will
   you machinate!" Sandys.


   Mach"i*nate  (?),  v.  t.  To  contrive,  as  a  plot; to plot; as, to
   machinate evil.


   Mach`i*na"tion (?), n. [L. machinatio: cf. F. machination.]

   1. The act of machinating. Shak.

   2.  That  which is devised; a device; a hostile or treacherous scheme;
   an artful design or plot.

     Devilish machinations come to naught. Milton.

     His ingenious machinations had failed. Macaulay.


   Mach"i*na`tor  (?), n. [L.] One who machinates, or forms a scheme with
   evil designs; a plotter or artful schemer. Glanvill. Sir W. Scott.


   Ma*chine"  (?), n. [F., fr. L. machina machine, engine, device, trick,
   Gr. Mechanic.]

   1.  In  general,  any  combination  of  bodies so connected that their
   relative  motions  are  constrained,  and  by means of which force and
   motion  may  be transmitted and modified, as a screw and its nut, or a
   lever  arranged  to  turn about a fulcrum or a pulley about its pivot,
   etc.;  especially, a construction, more or less complex, consisting of
   a  combination  of  moving  parts,  or  simple mechanical elements, as
   wheels,  levers,  cams,  etc.,  with  their  supports  and  connecting
   framework, calculated to constitute a prime mover, or to receive force
   and  motion  from a prime mover or from another machine, and transmit,
   modify,  and  apply  them to the production of some desired mechanical
   effect or work, as weaving by a loom, or the excitation of electricity
   by an electrical machine.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e te rm ma chine is  mo st commonly applied to such
     pieces  of  mechanism  as  are  used  in  the  industrial arts, for
     mechanically shaping, dressing, and combining materials for various
     purposes,  as in the manufacture of cloth, etc. Where the effect is
     chemical,  or  other  than  mechanical,  the contrivance is usually
     denominated an apparatus, not a machine; as, a bleaching apparatus.
     Many  large,  powerful,  or specially important pieces of mechanism
     are  called  engines;  as,  a steam engine, fire engine, graduating
     engine,  etc. Although there is no well-settled distinction between
     the  terms  engine  and  machine  among  practical  men, there is a
     tendency  to restrict the application of the former to contrivances
     in which the operating part is not distinct from the motor.

   2.  Any  mechanical  contrivance,  as  the wooden horse with which the
   Greeks entered Troy; a coach; a bicycle. Dryden. Southey. Thackeray.

   3. A person who acts mechanically or at will of another.

   4. A combination of persons acting together for a common purpose, with
   the agencies which they use; as, the social machine.

     The  whole  machine of government ought not to bear upon the people
     with a weight so heavy and oppressive. Landor.

   5.  A  political  organization  arranged and controlled by one or more
   leaders for selfish, private or partisan ends. [Political Cant]

   6.  Supernatural agency in a poem, or a superhuman being introduced to
   perform some exploit. Addison.
   Elementary  machine,  a  name  sometimes  given  to  one of the simple
   mechanical  powers.  See  under  Mechanical.  -- Infernal machine. See
   under  Infernal.  --  Machine  gun.See  under Gun. -- Machine screw, a
   screw or bolt adapted for screwing into metal, in distinction from one
   which is designed especially to be screwed into wood. -- Machine shop,
   a  workshop  where  machines  are  made,  or  where metal is shaped by
   cutting,  filing, turning, etc. -- Machine tool, a machine for cutting
   or  shaping  wood,  metal,  etc.,  by  means  of a tool; especially, a
   machine,  as  a  lathe, planer, drilling machine, etc., designed for a
   more  or  less  general  use  in a machine shop, in distinction from a
   machine  for  producing  a  special  article  as  in manufacturing. --
   Machine  twist,  silken  thread especially adapted for use in a sewing
   machine. -- Machine work, work done by a machine, in contradistinction
   to that done by hand labor.


   Ma*chine",  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Machined  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Machining.] To subject to the action of machinery; to effect by aid of
   machinery; to print with a printing machine.


   Ma*chin"er (?), n. One who or operates a machine; a machinist. [R.]


   Ma*chin"er*y (?), n. [From Machine: cf. F. machinerie.]

   1. Machines, in general, or collectively.

   2.  The  working  parts  of  a machine, engine, or instrument; as, the
   machinery of a watch.

   3.  The  supernatural  means  by  which  the  action  of  a  poetic or
   fictitious  work  is  carried  on  and brought to a catastrophe; in an
   extended sense, the contrivances by which the crises and conclusion of
   a fictitious narrative, in prose or verse, are effected.

     The machinery, madam, is a term invented by the critics, to signify
     that  part which the deities, angels, or demons, are made to act in
     a poem. Pope.

   4.  The  means and appliances by which anything is kept in action or a
   desired  result  is  obtained;  a complex system of parts adapted to a

     An indispensable part of the machinery of state. Macaulay.

     The  delicate  inflexional  machinery  of  the  Aryan languages. I.
     Taylor (The Alphabet).


   Ma*chin"ing, a. Of or pertaining to the machinery of a poem; acting or
   used as a machine.[Obs.] Dryden.


   Ma*chin"ist, n. [Cf. F. machiniste.]

   1. A constrictor of machines and engines; one versed in the principles
   of machines.

   2. One skilled in the use of machine tools.

   3. A person employed to shift scenery in a theater.


   Ma"cho  (?),  n.  [Sp.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The  striped mullet of California
   (Mugil cephalus, OR Mexicanus).


   Mac"i*len*cy (?), n. [See Macilent.] Leanness.[Obs.] Sandys.


   Mac"i*lent  (?),  a. [L. macilentus, fr. macies leanness, macere to be
   lean.] Lean; thin. [Obs.] Bailey.


   Mac"in*tosh (?), n. Same as Mackintosh.


   Mack"er*el  (?),  n.  [OF.  maquerel,  F.  maquereau,  fr. D. makelaar
   mediator,  agent,  fr. makelen to act as agent.] A pimp; also, a bawd.
   [Obs.] Halliwell.


   Mack`er*el (?), n. [OF. maquerel, F. maquereau (LL. macarellus), prob.
   for  maclereau,  fr.  L. macula a spot, in allusion to the markings on
   the  fish.  See  Mail  armor.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  species  of the genus
   Scomber,  and  of  several  related genera. They are finely formed and
   very active oceanic fishes. Most of them are highly prized for food.

     NOTE: &hand; The common mackerel (Scomber scombrus), which inhabits
     both sides of the North Atlantic, is one of the most important food
     fishes.  It  is  mottled  with green and blue. The Spanish mackerel
     (Scomberomorus  maculatus),  of the American coast, is covered with
     bright yellow circular spots.

   Bull  mackerel,  Chub  mackerel. (Zo\'94l.) See under Chub. -- Frigate
   mackerel.  See  under Frigate. -- Horse mackerel . See under Horse. --
   Mackerel bird (Zo\'94l.), the wryneck; -- so called because it arrives
   in  England  at the time when mackerel are in season. -- Mackerel cock
   (Zo\'94l.),  the Manx shearwater; -- so called because it precedes the
   appearance  of  the mackerel on the east coast of Ireland. -- Mackerel
   guide. (Zo\'94l.) See Garfish (a). -- Mackerel gull (Zo\'94l.) any one
   of  several species of gull which feed upon or follow mackerel, as the
   kittiwake.  --  Mackerel midge (Zo\'94l.), a very small oceanic gadoid
   fish  of  the  North Atlantic. It is about an inch and a half long and
   has  four  barbels on the upper jaw. It is now considered the young of
   the  genus  Onos,  or  Motella.  --  Mackerel  plow, an instrument for
   creasing  the  sides  of  lean  mackerel  to improve their appearance.
   Knight.  -- Mackerel shark (Zo\'94l.), the porbeagle. -- Mackerel sky,
   OR  Mackerel-back  sky,  a  sky  flecked  with  small  white clouds; a
   cirro-cumulus. See Cloud.

     Mackerel  sky and mare's-tails Make tall ships carry low sails. Old

                          Mackinaw blanket, Mackinaw

   Mack"i*naw   blan"ket  (?),  Mack"i*naw.[From  Mackinac,the  State  of
   Michigan,  where  blankets  and  other  stores were distributed to the
   Indians.]  A  thick blanket formerly in common use in the western part
   of the United States.


   Mack"in*tosh (?), n. A waterproof outer garment; -- so called from the
   name of the inventor.


   Mac`kle (?), n. [See Macle.] Same Macule.


   Mac"kle,  v.  t. & i. To blur, or be blurred, in printing, as if there
   were a double impression.


   Ma"cle  (?),  n. [L. macula a spot: cf. F. macle. Cf. Mackle, Mascle.]
   (Min.)  (a)  Chiastolite; -- so called from the tessellated appearance
   of  a  cross  section. See Chiastolite. (b) A crystal having a similar
   tessellated appearance. (c) A twin crystal.


   Ma"cled (?), a.

   1.  (Min.)  (a)  Marked  like  macle  (chiastolite). (b) Having a twin
   structure. See Twin, a.

   2. See Mascled.


   Ma*clu"re*a  (?),  n. [NL. Named from William Maclure, the geologist.]
   (Paleon.)  A  genus  of  spiral gastropod shells, often of large size,
   characteristic of the lower Silurian rocks.


   Ma*clu"rin (?), n. (Chem.) See Morintannic. <-- macrame, n. the art of
   tying knots in patterns. -->

                                 Macrame lace

   Mac"ra*me  lace"  (?). A coarse lace made of twine, used especially in
   decorating furniture.

                        Macrencephalic, Macrencephalous

   Mac`ren*ce*phal"ic   (?),   Mac`ren*ceph"a*lous   (?),   a.  [Macro  +
   encephalic,  encephalous.]  Having  a large brain. <-- macro (computer
   programming)  [short for macroinstruction] (a) a single instruction in
   a  program which symbolizes, and is replaced by during time of program
   execution,  a  series of instructions. (b) a keystroke (or combination
   of  keystrokes)  which  symbolizes  and  is  replaced  by  a series of
   keystrokes. -- a convenient feature of some advanced programs, such as
   word  processors  or database programs, which allows a user to rapidly
   execute  any  series  of  operations  which  may be performed multiple
   times.  Such  macros  may  typically  be  defined by the program user,
   without rewriting or recompiling the program. -->


   Mac"ro-  (?).  [Gr.  makro`s,  adj.] A combining form signifying long,
   large,   great;   as   macrodiagonal,   macrospore.<--  macromolecule,
   macrocosm -->


   Mac`ro*bi*ot"ic (?), a. [Gr. macrobiotique.] Long-lived. Dunglison.


   Mac`ro*bi*ot"ics (?), n. (Physiol.) The art of prolonging life.


   Mac`ro*ceph"a*lous (?), a. [Macro + Gr. kefalh` the head.]

   1. Having a large head.

   2.  (Bot.) Having the cotyledons of a dicotyledonous embryo confluent,
   and forming a large mass compared with the rest of the body. Henslow.


   Mac`ro-chem"is*try  (?),  n. [Macro- + chemistry.] (Chem.) The science
   which  treats  of  the  chemical  properties,  actions or relations of
   substances in quantity; -- distinguished from micro-chemistry.


   Mac`ro*chi"res  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   birds  including  the  swifts  and  humming  birds. So called from the
   length of the distal part of the wing.


   Mac"ro*cosm  (?),  n. [Macro- + Gr. macrocosme.] The great world; that
   part  of  the  universe  which  is exterior to man; -- contrasted with
   microcosm, or man. See Microcosm.


   Mac`ro*cos"mic (?), a. Of or pertaining to the macrocosm. Tylor.


   Mac`ro*cys"tis (?), n. [NL. See Macro-, and Cyst.] (Bot.) An immensely
   long  blackish  seaweed  of the Pacific (Macrocystis pyrifera), having
   numerous almond-shaped air vessels.

   Page 880


   Mac`ro*dac"tyl  (?),  n. [Gr. macrodactyle.] (Zo\'94l.) One of a group
   of  wading  birds  (Macrodactyli) having very long toes. [Written also

                         Macrodactylic, Macrodactylous

   Mac`ro*dac*tyl"ic  (?),  Mac`ro*dac"tyl*ous  (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Having
   long toes.


   Mac`ro*di*ag"o*nal  (?),  n.  [Macro-  +  diagonal.] (Crystallog.) The
   longer of two diagonals, as of a rhombic prism. See Crystallization.


   Mac"ro*dome  (?), n. [Macro- + dome.] (Crystallog.) A dome parallel to
   the longer lateral axis of an orthorhombic crystal. See Dome, n., 4.


   Mac"ro*dont,  a.  [Macro- + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Having large teeth. -- n. A
   macrodont animal.


   Mac"ro*far`ad (?), n. [Macro- + farad.] (Elec.) See Megafarad. [R.]


   Mac`ro*glos"si*a   (?),  n.  [NL.  See  Macro-,  and  Glossa.]  (Med.)
   Enlargement or hypertrophy of the tongue.


   Mac`rog*nath"ic  (?),  a. [Macro- + gnathic.] (Anthropol.) Long-jawed.


   Ma*crol"o*gy (?), n. [L. macrologia, Gr. macrologie.] Long and tedious
   talk without much substance; superfluity of words.


   Ma*crom"e*ter (?), n. [Macro- + -meter.] An instrument for determining
   the  size  or  distance  of  inaccessible  objects  by  means  of  two
   reflectors on a common sextant.


   Ma"cron  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Pron.) A short, straight, horizontal
   mark  [-], placed over vowels to denote that they are to be pronounced
   with a long sound; as, \'be, in d\'beme; &emac;, in s&emac;am, etc.


   Mac`ro*pet"al*ous  (?),  a.  [Macro-  +  petal.] (Bot.) Having long or
   large petals.


   Ma*croph"yl*lous  (?),  a.  [Macro-  + Gr. (Bot.) Having long or large


   Mac`ro*pin"a*coid  (?),  n.  [Macro- + pinacoid.] (Crystallog.) One of
   the  two  planes  of an orthorhombic crystal which are parallel to the
   vertical and longer lateral (macrodiagonal) axes.


   Mac"ro*pod  (?),  n. [Macro- + -pod.] (Zo\'94l.) Any one of a group of
   maioid  crabs  remarkable for the length of their legs; -- called also
   spider crab.


   Ma*crop"o*dal (?), a. Having long or large feet, or a long stem.


   Mac`ro*po"di*an (?), n. A macropod.


   Ma*crop"o*dous (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Having long legs or feet.


   Mac"ro*prism  (?),  n.  [Macro-  + prism.] (Crystallog.) A prism of an
   orthorhombic crystal between the macropinacoid and the unit prism; the
   corresponding pyramids are called macropyramids.


   Ma*crop"te*res  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   birds; the Longipennes.


   Ma*crop"ter*ous  (?),  a.  [See  Macropteres.]  (Zo\'94l.) Having long


   Mac"ro*pus  (?), n. [NL. See Macropod.] (Zo\'94l.) genus of marsupials
   including the common kangaroo.


   Mac`ro*pyr"a*mid   (?),  n.  [Macro-  +  pyramid.]  (Crystallog.)  See

                          Macroscopic, Macroscopical

   Mac`ro*scop"ic (?), Mac`ro*scop"ic*al (?), a. [Macro- + Gr. Visible to
   the    unassisted    eye;   --   as   opposed   to   microscopic.   --
   Mac`ro*scop"ic*al*ly, adv.


   Mac`ro*spo*ran"gi*um  (?), n. [NL. See Macro-, and Sporangium.] (Bot.)
   A  sporangium  or conceptacle containing only large spores; -- opposed
   to microsporangium. Both are found in the genera Selaginella, Isoctes,
   and Marsilia, plants remotely allied to ferns.


   Mac"ro*spore  (?),  n.  [Macro-  + spore.] (Bot.) One of the specially
   large spores of certain flowerless plants, as Selaginella, etc.


   Mac`ro*spor"ic (?), a. (Bot.) Of or pertaining to macrospores.


   Mac"ro*tone (?), n. [Gr. Macro-, and Tone.] (Pron.) Same as Macron.


   Ma*cro"tous  (?),  a.  [Macro-  +  Gr.  o"y^s,  gen. 'wto`s, the ear.]
   (Zo\'94l.) Large-eared.

                          Macroura, n. pl., Macroural

   Ma*crou"ra  (?),  n.  pl.,  Ma*crou"ral (, a., etc. (Zo\'94l.) Same as
   Macrura, Macrural, etc.


   Mac`ro*zo"\'94*spore  (?),  n.  [Macro- + zo\'94spore.] (Bot.) A large
   motile  spore  having  four vibratile cilia; -- found in certain green


   Ma*cru"ra  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) A subdivision of
   decapod  Crustacea,  having the abdomen largely developed. It includes
   the lobster, prawn, shrimp, and many similar forms. Cf. Decapoda.


   Ma*cru"ral (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Macrurous.


   Ma*cru"ran (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Macrura.


   Ma*cru"roid (?), a. [Macrura + -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) Like or pertaining to
   the Macrura.


   Ma*cru"rous (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Macrura; having
   a long tail.


   Mac*ta"tion (?), n. [L. mactatio, fr. macture to slay, sacrifice.] The
   act of killing a victim for sacrifice. [Obs.]


   Mac"tra  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Any marine bivalve shell of
   the  genus  Mactra, and allied genera. Many species are known. Some of
   them  are used as food, as Mactra stultorum, of Europe. See Surf clam,
   under Surf.


   Mac"u*la  (?), n.; pl. Macul\'91 (#). [L., spot, stain, blot. See Mail
   armor, and cf. Mackle, Macule.]

   1.  A  spot,  as  on the skin, or on the surface of the sun or of some
   other luminous orb.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A rather large spot or blotch of color.


   Mac"u*late  (?),  v.  t. [L. maculatus, p. p. of maculare to spot. See
   Macula, and cf. Macule, v.] To spot; to stain; to blur.

     Maculate the honor of their people. Sir T. Elyot.


   Mac"u*late  (?),  a.  [L.  maculatus,  p.  p.]  Marked  with  spots or
   macul\'91;   blotched;  hence,  defiled;  impure;  as,  most  maculate
   thoughts. Shak.


   Mac"u*la`ted (?), a. Having spots or blotches; maculate.


   Mac"u*la"tion  (?),  n. [L. maculatio.] The act of spotting; a spot; a
   blemish. Shak.


   Mac"u*la*to*ry (?), a. Causing a spot or stain. T. Adams.


   Mac"u*la*ture (?), n, Blotting paper. [Obs.]


   Mac"ule (?), n. [F. macule. See Macula.]

   1. A spot. [Obs.]

   2.  (Print.)  A blur, or an appearance of a double impression, as when
   the paper slips a little; a mackle.


   Mac"ule,  v.  t. [Cf. F. maculer. See Maculate,v.] To blur; especially
   (Print.), to blur or double an impression from type. See Mackle.


   Mac"u*lose`  (?),  a. [L. maculosus.] Of or pertaining to spots upon a
   surface; spotted; maculate.


   Mad (?), obs. p. p. of Made. Chaucer.


   Mad  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Madder  (?);  superl. Maddest (?).] [AS. gem,
   gem\'bed,  mad;  akin  to  OS.  gem foolish, OHG. gameit, Icel. mei to
   hurt, Goth. gam\'a0ids weak, broken.

   1. Disordered in intellect; crazy; insane.

     I  have  heard my grandsire say full oft, Extremity of griefs would
     make men mad. Shak.

   2. Excited beyond self-control or the restraint of reason; inflamed by
   violent  or uncontrollable desire, passion, or appetite; as, to be mad
   with terror, lust, or hatred; mad against political reform.

     It is the land of graven images, and they are mad upon their idols.
     Jer. 1. 88.

     And being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted them even unto
     strange cities. Acts xxvi. 11.

   3.  Proceeding  from,  or indicating, madness; expressing distraction;
   prompted  by  infatuation,  fury, or extreme rashness. "Mad demeanor."

     Mad  wars  destroy  in  one  year the works of many years of peace.

     The mad promise of Cleon was fulfilled. Jowett (Thucyd.).

   4.  Extravagant;  immoderate.  "Be mad and merry." Shak. "Fetching mad
   bounds." Shak.

   5.  Furious  with  rage,  terror,  or  disease;  --  said of the lower
   animals;  as,  a  mad bull; esp., having hydrophobia; rabid; as, a mad

   6.  Angry;  out  of  patience;  vexed;  as,  to  get  mad at a person.

   7. Having impaired polarity; -- applied to a compass needle. [Colloq.]
   Like mad, like a mad person; in a furious manner; as, to run like mad.
   L'Estrange.  -- To run mad. (a) To become wild with excitement. (b) To
   run  wildly  about  under  the  influence  of  hydrophobia;  to become
   affected  with  hydrophobia.  -- To run mad after, to pursue under the
   influence  of  infatuation or immoderate desire. "The world is running
   mad after farce." Dryden.
   Mad, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Madded; p. pr. & vb. n. Madding.] To make mad
   or furious; to madden. 

     Had I but seen thy picture in this plight, It would have madded me.


   Mad,  v.  i.  To  be  mad;  to go mad; to rave. See Madding. [Archaic]

     Festus said with great voice, Paul thou maddest. Wyclif (Acts).


   Mad,  n.  [AS.  ma;  akin to D. & G. made, Goth. mapa, and prob. to E.
   moth.] (Zo\'94l.) An earthworm. [Written also made.]


   Mad"am  (?),  n.;  pl.  Madams,  or  Mesdames  (#).  [See  Madame.]  A
   gentlewoman; -- an appellation or courteous form of address given to a
   lady,  especially  an  elderly  or a married lady; -- much used in the
   address,  at  the beginning of a letter, to a woman. The corresponding
   word in addressing a man is Sir.


   Ma`dame"  (?),  n.;  pl.  Mesdames (#). [F., fr. ma my (L. mea) + dame
   dame.  See Dame, and cf. Madonna.] My lady; -- a French title formerly
   given  to  ladies  of  quality;  now,  in France, given to all married
   women. Chaucer.


   Mad"-ap`ple (?), n. (Bot.) See Eggplant.


   Mad"brain`  (?), a. Hot-headed; rash. Shak. -- n. A rash or hot-headed


   Mad"brained` (?), a. Disordered in mind; hot-headed. Shak.


   Mad"cap` (?), a.

   1.  Inclined  to wild sports; delighting in rash, absurd, or dangerous
   amusements. "The merry madcap lord." Shak.

   2. Wild; reckless. "Madcap follies" Beau. & Fl.


   Mad"cap`,  n.  A  person of wild behavior; an excitable, rash, violent
   person. Shak.


   Mad"den  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Maddened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Maddening.]  To  make  mad;  to  drive to madness; to craze; to excite
   violently with passion; to make very angry; to enrage.


   Mad"den, v. i. To become mad; to act as if mad.

     They rave, recite, and madden round the land. Pope.


   Mad"der (?), n. [OE. mader, AS. m\'91dere; akin to Icel. ma.] (Bot.) A
   plant  of  the  Rubia  (R. tinctorum). The root is much used in dyeing
   red, and formerly was used in medicine. It is cultivated in France and
   Holland. See Rubiaceous.

     NOTE: &hand; Ma dder is  so metimes us ed in  fo rming pigments, as
     lakes,  etc.,  which  receive  their  names  from their colors; as.
     madder yellow.

   Field  madder, an annual European weed (Sherardia arvensis) resembling
   madder.  --  Indian madder , the East Indian Rubia cordifolia, used in
   the  East  for  dyeing;  -- called also munjeet. -- Wild madder, Rubia
   peregrina of Europe; also the Galium Mollugo, a kind of bedstraw.


   Mad"der*wort` (?), n. (Bot.) A name proposed for any plant of the same
   natural order (Rubiace\'91) as the madder.


   Mad"ding   (?),   a.   Affected  with  madness;  raging;  furious.  --
   Mad"ding*ly, adv. [Archaic]

     Far from the madding crowd's ignoble strife. Gray.

     The madding wheels Of brazen chariots raged. Milton.


   Mad"dish (?), a. Somewhat mad. Beau. & Fl.


   Made (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Mad, n.


   Made (?), imp. & p. p. of Make.


   Made, a. Artificially produced; pieced together; formed by filling in;
   as,  made ground; a made mast, in distinction from one consisting of a
   single  spar.  Made  up.  (a)  Complete; perfect. "A made up villain."
   Shak.  (b)  Falsely  devised;  fabricated;  as,  a  made up story. (c)
   Artificial; as, a made up figure or complexion.
                             Madecass, Madecassee
   Mad"e*cass  (?),  Mad`e*cas"see  (?),  n.  A  native  or inhabitant of
   Madagascar,  or Madecassee; the language of the natives of Madagascar.
   See Malagasy. 


   Mad`e*cas"see, a. Of or pertaining to Madagascar or its inhabitants.

                           Madefaction, Madefication

   Mad`e*fac"tion  (?),  Mad`e*fi*ca"tion  (?), n. [L. madefacere to make
   wet;  madere  to  be wet + facere to make: cf. F. mad\'82faction.] The
   act  of madefying, or making wet; the state of that which is made wet.
   [R.] Bacon.


   Mad"e*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Madefied (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Madefying  (?).] [Cf. F. mad\'82fier, L. madefacere. See Madefaction.]
   To make wet or moist. [R.]


   Mad`e*gas"sy (?), n. & a. See Madecassee.


   Ma*dei"ra  (?),  n.  [Pg.,  the Island Madeira, properly, wood, fr. L.
   materia stuff, wood. The island was so called because well wooded. See
   Matter.] A rich wine made on the Island of Madeira.

     A cup of Madeira, and a cold capon's leg. Shak.

   Madeira nut (Bot.), the European walnut; the nut of the Juglans regia.


   Ma`de*moi`selle"  (?),  n.; pl. Mesdemoiselles (#). [F., fr. ma my, f.
   of mon + demoiselle young lady. See Damsel.]

   1.  A  French  title of courtesy given to a girl or an unmarried lady,
   equivalent to the English Miss. Goldsmith.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A marine food fish (Sci\'91na chrysura), of the Southern
   United States; -- called also yellowtail, and silver perch.


   Madge,  n. [Cf. OF. & Prov. F. machette.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) The barn owl.
   (b) The magpie.


   Mad"-head`ed (?), a. Wild; crack-brained.


   Mad"house`  (?),  n.  A  house  where  insane persons are confined; an
   insane asylum; a bedlam.


   Ma"di*a  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Sp.  madi, fr. Chilian madi, the native
   name.] (Bot.) A genus of composite plants, of which one species (Madia
   sativa)  is cultivated for the oil yielded from its seeds by pressure.
   This oil is sometimes used instead of olive oil for the table.


   Mad"id  (?),  a. [L. madidus, fr. madere to be wet.] Wet; moist; as, a
   madid eye. [R.] Beaconsfield.


   Mad`is*te"ri*um (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Surg.) An instrument to extract


   Mad"joun  (?),  n.  [Hind.,  fr. Ar. ma'j.] An intoxicating confection
   from  the  hemp plant; -- used by the Turks and Hindoos. [Written also


   Mad"ly  (?),  adv.  [From  Mad, a.] In a mad manner; without reason or
   understanding; wildly. <-- intensely: "madly in love" -->


   Mad"man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Madmen  (. A man who is mad; lunatic; a crazy

     When  a man mistakes his thoughts for person and things, he is mad.
     A madman is properly so defined. Coleridge.


   Mad"nep (?), n. (Bot.) The masterwort (Peucedanum Ostruthium).


   Mad"ness, n. [From Mad, a.]

   1. The condition of being mad; insanity; lunacy.

   2.  Frenzy;  ungovernable  rage;  extreme  folly.  Syn.  --  Insanity;
   distraction;    derangement;   craziness;   lunacy;   mania;   frenzy;
   franticness; rage; aberration; alienation; monomania. See Insanity.


   Ma*don"na  (?),  n.  [It.  madonna  my  lady. See Dame, Donna, and cf.
   Madame, Monkey.]

   1.  My  lady;  --  a  term  of address in Italian formerly used as the
   equivalent  of  Madame,  but  for  which  Signora  is now substituted.
   Sometimes introduced into English. Shak.

   2.  [pl.  Madonnas  (n&adot;z).] A picture of the Virgin Mary (usually
   with the babe).

     The  Italian  painters  are noted for drawing the Madonnas by their
     own wives or mistresses. Rymer.


   Ma"do*qua  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) A small Abyssinian antelope (Neotragus
   Saltiana), about the size of a hare.


   Ma`drague" (?), n. [R.] A large fish pound used for the capture of the
   tunny  in  the  Mediterranean; also applied to the seines used for the
   same purpose.


   Ma"dre*perl (?), n. [It. madreperla.] Mother-of-pearl.

   Page 881


   Mad`re*po"ra  (?),  n.  [NL.  See  Madre.]  (Zo\'94l.) A genus of reef
   corals  abundant  in  tropical  seas. It includes than one hundred and
   fifty  species, most of which are elegantly branched. -- Mad`re*po"ral
   (#), a.


   Mad`re*po*ra"ri*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Madrepore.] (Zo\'94l.) An
   extensive  division  of  Anthozoa,  including most of the species that
   produce  stony  corals. See Illust. of Anthozoa. -- Mad`re*po*ra"ri*an
   (#), a. & n.


   Mad"re*pore (?), n. [F. madrepore, perh. fr. madr\'82 spotted, fr. OF.
   madre, mazre, a kind of knotty wood with brown spots, fr. OHG. masar a
   knot,  grain, or vein in wood, a speck, G. maser + pore (see Pore); or
   perh. F. madr\'82pore is rather from It. madrepora, and this perh. fr.
   It.  madre mother (see Mother) + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Any coral of the genus
   Madrepora; formerly, often applied to any stony coral.

                            Madreporian, Madreporic

   Mad`re*po"ri*an  (?),  Mad`re*po"ric (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Resembling, or
   pertaining  to,  the  genus  Madrepora. Madreporic plate (Zo\'94l.), a
   perforated  plate  in  echinoderms, through which water is admitted to
   the ambulacral tubes; -- called also madreporic tubercule.


   Mad`re*po"ri*form (?), a. [Madrepore + -form.] (Zo\'94l.) Resembling a
   madreporian coral in form or structure.


   Mad"re*po*rite (?), n. [Cf. F. madr\'82porite]

   1. (Paleon.) A fossil coral.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The madreporic plate of echinoderms.


   Ma*drier" (?), n. [F., from Sp. madero, or Pg. madeiro, fr. Sp. madera
   wood  for  building, timber, Pg. madeira, L. materia stuff, materials,
   lumber.  See  Matter.]  A  thick  plank,  used  for several mechanical
   purposes;  especially:  (a)  A plank to receive the mouth of a petard,
   with which it is applied to anything intended to be broken down. (b) A
   plank   or   beam   used   for   supporting  the  earth  in  mines  or


   Mad"ri*gal  (?),  n. [It. madrigale, OIt. madriale, mandriale (cf. LL.
   matriale);  of  uncertain  origin,  possibly  fr.  It mandra flock, L.
   mandra  stall,  herd  of  cattle, Gr. madrigal, originally, a pastoral

   1. A little amorous poem, sometimes called a pastoral poem, containing
   some tender and delicate, though simple, thought.

     Whose  artful  strains  have oft delayed The huddling brook to hear
     his madrigal. Milton.

   2.  (Mus.)  An  unaccompanied  polyphonic song, in four, five, or more
   parts,  set  to secular words, but full of counterpoint and imitation,
   and  adhering  to  the  old church modes. Unlike the freer glee, it is
   best sung with several voices on a part. See Glee.


   Mad"ri*gal*er (?), n. A madrigalist.


   Mad"ri*gal*ist, n. A composer of madrigals.


   Mad`ri*le"ni*an (?), a. [Sp. Madrileno.] Of or pertaining to Madrid in
   Spain, or to its inhabitants. -- n. A native or inhabitant of Madrid.


   Ma*dri"na (?), n. [Sp., prop., a godmother.] An animal (usually an old
   mare),  wearing  a  bell  and  acting as the leader of a troop of pack
   mules. [S. America]


   Ma*dro"\'a4a  (?),  n. [Sp. madro\'a4o.] (Bot.) A small evergreen tree
   or  shrub  (Arbutus  Menziesii),  of California, having a smooth bark,
   thick  shining  leaves, and edible red berries, which are often called
   madro\'a4a apples. [Written also madro\'a4o.]


   Mad"wort`  (?), n. (Bot.) A genus of cruciferous plants (Alyssum) with
   white or yellow flowers and rounded pods. A. maritimum is the commonly
   cultivated sweet alyssum, a fragrant white-flowered annual.

                              M\'91gbote, Magbote

   M\'91g"bote`,   Mag"bote`   (?),  n.  [AS.  m\'d6g  kinsman  +  b\'d3t
   compensation.]  (Anglo-Saxon  Law) Compensation for the injury done by
   slaying a kinsman. Spelman.


   Mael"strom (?), n. [Norw., a whirlpool.]

   1. A celebrated whirlpool on the coast of Norway.

   2. Also Fig. ; as, a maelstrom of vice.


   M\'91"nad (?), n. [L. Maenas, -adis, Gr.

   1. A Bacchante; a priestess or votary of Bacchus.

   2. A frantic or frenzied woman.


   Ma`es*to"so (?), a. & adv. [It.] (Mus.) Majestic or majestically; -- a
   direction  to  perform  a  passage  or  piece  of music in a dignified

                              Maestricht monitor

   Maes"tricht  mon"i*tor  (?).  [So  called  from  Maestricht, a town in
   Holland.] (Paleon.) The Mosasaurus Hofmanni. See Mosasaurus.


   Ma*es"tro  (?), n. [It., fr. L. magister. See Master.] A master in any
   art, especially in music; a composer.


   Maf"fle  (?),  v.  i.  [Akin to OD. maffelen to stammer. Cf. Muffle to
   mumble.] To stammer. [Obs.]


   Maf"fler (?), n. A stammerer. [Obs.]


   Mag`a*zine"  (?),  n.  [F.  magasin,  It.  magazzino,  or Sp. magacen,
   almagacen;  all  fr. Ar. makhzan, almakhzan, a storehouse, granary, or

   1.  A  receptacle  in  which  anything  is stored, especially military
   stores,   as   ammunition,   arms,   provisions,  etc.  "Armories  and
   magazines." Milton.

   2.  The  building  or  room in which the supply of powder is kept in a
   fortification or a ship.

   3.  A  chamber  in  a gun for holding a number of cartridges to be fed
   automatically to the piece.

   4.  A  pamphlet published periodically containing miscellaneous papers
   or compositions.
   Magazine  dress,  clothing  made  chiefly  of woolen, without anything
   metallic about it, to be worn in a powder magazine. -- Magazine gun, a
   portable firearm, as a rifle, with a chamber carrying cartridges which
   are brought automatically into position for firing. -- Magazine stove,
   a  stove  having  a  chamber for holding fuel which is supplied to the
   fire by some self-feeding process, as in the common base-burner.


   Mag`a*zine"  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Magazined (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Magazining.] To store in, or as in, a magazine; to store up for use.


   Mag`a*zin"er  (?),  n.  One  who  edits or writes for a magazine. [R.]


   Mag`a*zin"ing,  n.  The  act  of  editing, or writing for, a magazine.
   [Colloq.] Byron.


   Mag`a*zin"ist, n. One who edits or writes for a magazine. [R.]


   Mag"bote` (?), n. See M\'91gbote.


   Mag"da*la  (?),  a.  Designating  an orange-red dyestuff obtained from
   naphthylamine, and called magdala red, naphthalene red, etc.


   Mag"da*len  (?),  n.  [From  Mary Magdalene, traditionally reported to
   have  been the repentant sinner forgiven by Christ. See Luke vii. 36.]
   A reformed prostitute.


   Mag*da"le*on  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) A medicine in the form of a
   roll, a esp. a roll of plaster.


   Mag"de*burg  (?),  n. A city of Saxony. Magdeburg centuries, Magdeburg
   hemispheres. See under Century, and Hemisphere.


   Mage  (?),  n.  [F.  mage.  See  Magi.] A magician. [Archaic] Spenser.


   Mag`el*lan"ic  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to, or named from, Magellan,
   the   navigator.   Magellenic   clouds  (Astron.),  three  conspicuous
   nebul\'91  near  the south pole, resembling thin white clouds.<-- they
   are  smaller than the Milky Way galaxy, but separate from it, and thus
   are  considered the galactic formations nearest to our galaxy, but not
   part of it. -->


   Ma*gen"ta  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  An  aniline dye obtained as an amorphous
   substance  having  a  green bronze surface color, which dissolves to a
   shade of red; also, the color; -- so called from Magenta, in Italy, in
   allusion  to  the  battle  fought  there  about  the  time the dye was
   discovered.  Called also fuchsine, rose\'8bne, etc.<-- now fuschin -->
   <-- 2. n. the purpish-red color of magenta -->


   Magged  (?),  a.  (Naut.) Worn; fretted; as, a magged brace. Ham. Nav.


   Mag`gio"re  (?),  a. [It., from L. major, compar. of magnus great. See
   Major.]  (Mus.)  Greater,  in respect to scales, intervals, etc., when
   used in opposition to minor; major. Moore (Encyc. of Music).


   Mag"got  (?),  n.  [W. macai, pl. maceiod, magiod, a worn or grub; cf.
   magu to bread.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) The footless larva of any fly. See Larval.

   2. A whim; an odd fancy. Hudibras. Tennyson.


   Mag"got*i*ness (?), n. State of being maggoty.


   Mag"got*ish, a. Full of whims or fancies; maggoty.


   Mag"got-pie` (?), n. A magpie. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mag"got*y (?), a.

   1. Infested with maggots.

   2. Full of whims; capricious. Norris.


   Ma"ghet  (?),  n. [Cf. Fl. maghet maid.] (Bot.) A name for daisies and
   camomiles of several kinds.


   Ma"gi  (?),  n.  pl.  [L.,  pl. of Magus, Gr. Mage, Magic.] A caste of
   priests,  philosophers,  and  magicians,  among  the ancient Persians;
   hence, any holy men or sages of the East.

     The inspired Magi from the Orient came. Sandys.


   Ma"gi*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Magi.


   Ma"gi*an,  n.  One of the Magi, or priests of the Zoroastrian religion
   in  Persia;  an  adherent of the Zoroastrian religion. -- Ma"gi*an*ism
   (#), n.


   Mag"ic  (?),  n.  [OE. magique, L. magice, Gr. Magic, a., and Magi.] A
   comprehensive  name  for  all  of  the  pretended  arts which claim to
   produce  effects by the assistance of supernatural beings, or departed
   spirits,  or  by  a  mastery  of secret forces in nature attained by a
   study   of   occult   science,   including  enchantment,  conjuration,
   witchcraft, sorcery, necromancy, incantation, etc.

     An appearance made by some magic. Chaucer.

   Celestial magic, a supposed supernatural power which gave to spirits a
   kind  of  dominion  over  the planets, and to the planets an influence
   over  men. -- Natural magic, the art of employing the powers of nature
   to  produce  effects  apparently  supernatural.  --  Superstitious, OR
   Geotic,  magic,  the  invocation  of  devils  or demons, involving the
   supposition  of some tacit or express agreement between them and human
   beings.   Syn.   --   Sorcery;  witchcraft;  necromancy;  conjuration;

                                Magic, Magical

   Mag"ic (?), Mag"ic*al (?), a. [L. magicus, Gr. magique. See Magi.]

   1.  Pertaining  to  the  hidden wisdom supposed to be possessed by the
   Magi;  relating  to  the occult powers of nature, and the producing of
   effects by their agency.

   2.  Performed  by, or proceeding from, occult and superhuman agencies;
   done  by,  or  seemingly  done  by,  enchantment  or  sorcery.  Hence:
   Seemingly  requiring  more  than human power; imposing or startling in
   performance;   producing  effects  which  seem  supernatural  or  very
   extraordinary; having extraordinary properties; as, a magic lantern; a
   magic square or circle.

     The painter's magic skill. Cowper.

     NOTE: &hand; Al though wi th ce rtain words magic is used more than
     magical,  --  as, magic circle, magic square, magic wand, -- we may
     in  general  say magic or magical; as, a magic or magical effect; a
     magic  or  magical  influence,  etc.  But  when  the  adjective  is
     predicative,  magical,  and  not magic, is used; as, the effect was

   Magic circle, a series of concentric circles containing the numbers 12
   to  75  in  eight radii, and having somewhat similar properties to the
   magic square. -- Magic humming bird (Zo\'94l.), a Mexican humming bird
   (Iache magica) , having white downy thing tufts. -- Magic lantern. See
   Lantern.  --  Magic  square, numbers so disposed in parallel and equal
   rows  in  the  form  of  a  square,  that  each row, taken vertically,
   horizontally,  or  diagonally,  shall  give  the  same  sum,  the same
   product,  or  an harmonical series, according as the numbers taken are
   in  arithmetical,  geometrical,  or  harmonical  progression. -- Magic
   wand, a wand used by a magician in performing feats of magic.


   Mag"ic*al*ly  (?),  adv.  In  a  magical manner; by magic, or as if by


   Ma*gi"cian  (?), n. [F. magicien. See Magic, n.] One skilled in magic;
   one  who  practices  the  black  art;  an  enchanter; a necromancer; a
   sorcerer   or   sorceress;   a  conjurer.<--  these  days,  mostly  an
   entertainer   who   produces   seemingly  magical  effects  by  clever
   illusions;  most  magicians  admit  that  the  craft is mere illusion,
   rather than a true supernatural art. -->

                                Magilp, Magilph

   Ma*gilp" (?), Ma*gilph" (?), n. (Paint.) See Megilp.


   Ma*gis"ter  (?),  n.  [L.  See Master.] Master; sir; -- a title of the
   Middle  Ages,  given  to  a  person  in  authority, or to one having a
   license from a university to teach philosophy and the liberal arts.


   Mag`is*te"ri*al (?), a. [L. magisterius magisterial. See Master.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining to a master or magistrate, or one in authority;
   having  the manner of a magister; official; commanding; authoritative.
   Hence: Overbearing; dictatorial; dogmatic.

     When magisterial duties from his home Her father called. Glover.

     We are not magisterial in opinions, nor, dictator-like, obtrude our
     notions on any man. Sir T. Browne.

     Pretenses  go  a  great  way  with  men  that  take  fair words and
     magisterial looks for current payment. L'Estrange.

   2.  (Alchem. & Old Chem.) Pertaining to, produced by, or of the nature
   of,  magistery.  See  Magistery,  2.  Syn.  -- Authoritative; stately;
   august;  pompous;  dignified;  lofty;  commanding;  imperious; lordly;
   proud;   haughty;  domineering;  despotic;  dogmatical;  arrogant.  --
   Magisterial,  Dogmatical, Arrogant. One who is magisterial assumes the
   air of a master toward his pupils; one who is dogmatical lays down his
   positions  in a tone of authority or dictation; one who is arrogant in
   sults  others  by  an  undue assumption of superiority. Those who have
   long  been  teachers  sometimes acquire, unconsciously, a manner which
   borders  too much on the magisterial, and may be unjustly construed as
   dogmatical, or even arrogant.


   Mag`is*te`ri*al"i*ty  (?), n. Magisterialness; authoritativeness. [R.]


   Mag`is*te"ri*al*ly (?), adv. In a magisterial manner.


   Mag`is*te"ri*al*ness, n. The quality or state of being magisterial.


   Mag"is*ter*y (?), n. [L. magisterium the office of a chief, president,
   director, tutor. See Magistrate.]

   1. Mastery; powerful medical influence; renowned efficacy; a sovereign
   remedy. [Obs.] Holland.

   2. A magisterial injunction. [R.] Brougham.

   3. (Chem.) A precipitate; a fine substance deposited by precipitation;
   --  applied  in  old  chemistry  to  certain  white  precipitates from
   metallic solutions; as, magistery of bismuth. Ure.


   Mag"is*tra*cy (?), n.; pl. Magistracies (#). [From Magistrate.]

   1. The office or dignity of a magistrate. Blackstone.

   2. The collective body of magistrates.


   Mag"is*tral   (?),   a.   [L.   magistralis:  cf.  F.  magistral.  See

   1. Pertaining to a master; magisterial; authoritative; dogmatic.

   2.  Commanded  or  prescribed  by a magister, esp. by a doctor; hence,
   effectual;  sovereign; as, a magistral sirup. "Some magistral opiate."

   3.  (Pharmacy)  Formulated extemporaneously, or for a special case; --
   opposed  to  officinal,  and  said  of  prescriptions  and  medicines.
   Magistral  line  (Fort.), the guiding line, or outline, or outline, by
   which the form of the work is determined. It is usually the crest line
   of  the  parapet  in  fieldworks,  or  the  top  line of the escarp in
   permanent fortifications.


   Mag"is*tral, n.

   1. (Med.) A sovereign medicine or remedy. [Obs.] Burton.

   2. (Fort.) A magistral line.

   3.  (Metal.)  Powdered copper pyrites used in the amalgamation of ores
   of silver, as at the Spanish mines of Mexico and South America.


   Mag`is*tral"i*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  -ties  (. Magisterialness; arbitrary
   dogmatism. Bacon.


   Mag"is*tral*ly (?), adv. In a magistral manner. Abp. Bramhall.


   Mag"is*trate  (?),  n.  [L.  magistratus,  fr. magister master: cf. F.
   magistrat.  See Master.] A person clothed with power as a public civil
   officer;   a   public   civil  officer  invested  with  the  executive
   government,   or   some  branch  of  it.  "All  Christian  rulers  and
   magistrates." Book of Com. Prayer.

     Of  magistrates  some also are supreme, in whom the sovereign power
     of the state resides; others are subordinate. Blackstone.

                          Magistratic, Magistratical

   Mag`is*trat"ic  (?),  Mag`is*trat"ic*al  (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or
   proceeding  from,  a magistrate; having the authority of a magistrate.
   Jer. Taylor.


   Mag"is*tra`ture (?), n. [Cf. F. magistrature.] Magistracy. [Obs.]


   Mag"ma (?), n. [L., fr. Gr.

   1.  Any  crude mixture of mineral or organic matters in the state of a
   thin paste. Ure.

   2.  (Med.) (a) A thick residuum obtained from certain substances after
   the  fluid  parts  are  expressed  from them; the grounds which remain
   after  treating  a  substance with any menstruum, as water or alcohol.
   (b) A salve or confection of thick consistency. Dunglison.

   Page 882

   3.  (Geol.)  (a) The molten matter within the earth, the source of the
   material  of  lava flows, dikes of eruptive rocks, etc. (b) The glassy
   base of an eruptive rock.

   4.  (Chem.)  The  amorphous  or  homogenous  matrix or ground mass, as
   distinguished from well-defined crystals; as, the magma of porphyry.

                                 Magna Charta

   Mag"na Char"ta (?). [L., great charter.]

   1.  The  great Charter, so called, obtained by the English barons from
   King  John, A. D. 1215. This name is also given to the charter granted
   to  the  people  of  England  in  the  ninth  year  of Henry III., and
   confirmed by Edward I.

   2.  Hence,  a  fundamental  constitution  which  guaranties rights and


   Mag*nal"i*ty  (?),  n. [L. magnalis mighty, fr. magnus great.] A great
   act or event; a great attainment. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Mag`na*nim"i*ty  (?),  n.  [F.  magnanimit\'82,  L. magnanimitas.] The
   quality  of being magnanimous; greatness of mind; elevation or dignity
   of soul; that quality or combination of qualities, in character, which
   enables  one  to  encounter  danger  and  trouble with tranquility and
   firmness,  to  disdain injustice, meanness and revenge, and to act and
   sacrifice for noble objects.


   Mag*nan"i*mous  (?), a.[L. magnanimus; magnus great + animus mind. See
   Magnate, and Animus.]

   1.  Great of mind; elevated in soul or in sentiment; raised above what
   is  low,  mean,  or  ungenerous; of lofty and courageous spirit; as, a
   magnanimous character; a magnanimous conqueror.

     Be magnanimous in the enterprise. Shak.

     To give a kingdom hath been thought Greater and nobler done, and to
     law down Far more magnanimousan to assume. Milton.

   2.  Dictated by or exhibiting nobleness of soul; honorable; noble; not

     Both strived for death; magnanimous debate. Stirling.

     There is an indissoluble union between a magnanimous policy and the
     solid rewards of public prosperity and felicity. Washington.


   Mag*nan"i*mous*ly,  adv.  In  a  magnanimous manner; with greatness of

                                 Magnase black

   Mag"nase black` (?). (Paint.) A black pigment which dries rapidly when
   mixed with oil, and is of intense body. Fairholt.


   Mag"nate  (?),  [F.  magnat,  L.  (pl.)  magnates, magnati, fr. magnus
   great. See Master.]

   1.  A  person  of  rank;  a noble or grandee; a person of influence or
   distinction  in  any  sphere.  <--  used  mostly of prominent business
   executives; an industrial magnate --> Macaulay.

   2. One of the nobility, or certain high officers of state belonging to
   the  noble  estate  in  the  national  representation  of Hungary, and
   formerly of Poland.


   Mag"nes (?), n. [L.] Magnet. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Mag*ne"si*a  (?;  277),  n.  [L.  Magnesia,  fem.  of Magnesius of the
   country Magnesia, Gr. Magnet.] (Chem.) A light earthy white substance,
   consisting  of  magnesium  oxide,  and  obtained  by heating magnesium
   hydrate  or  carbonate,  or  by  burning  magnesium. It has a slightly
   alkaline reaction, and is used in medicine as a mild antacid laxative.
   See  Magnesium.  Magnesia  alba  [L.]  (Med.  Chem.),  a  bulky  white
   amorphous  substance,  consisting  of  a  hydrous  basic  carbonate of
   magnesium, and used as a mild cathartic.


   Mag*ne"sian  (?),  a.  Pertaining to, characterized by, or containing,
   magnesia or magnesium. Magnesian limestone. (Min.) See Dolomite.


   Mag*ne"sic  (?),  a.  (Chem.) Pertaining to, or containing, magnesium;
   as, magnesic oxide.


   Mag"ne*site  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. magn\'82site.] (Min.) Native magnesium
   carbonate  occurring  in white compact or granular masses, and also in
   rhombohedral crystals.


   Mag*ne"si*um  (?),  n.  [NL.  &  F.  See  Magnesia.]  (Chem.)  A light
   silver-white  metallic element, malleable and ductile, quite permanent
   in  dry air but tarnishing in moist air. It burns, forming (the oxide)
   magnesia,  with  the  production  of  a  blinding light (the so-called
   magnesium  light)  which  is  used  in signaling, in pyrotechny, or in
   photography  where  a  strong  actinic  illuminant  is  required.  Its
   compounds  occur  abundantly,  as  in dolomite, talc, meerschaum, etc.
   Symbol  Mg.  Atomic  weight,  24.4.  Specific gravity, 1.75. Magnesium
   sulphate. (Chem.) Same as Epsom salts.


   Mag"net  (?),  n.  [OE.  magnete,  OF.  magnete, L. magnes, -etis, Gr.
   Magnesia, Manganese.]

   1. The loadstone; a species of iron ore (the ferrosoferric or magnetic
   ore,  Fe3O4) which has the property of attracting iron and some of its
   ores,  and, when freely suspended, of pointing to the poles; -- called
   also natural magnet.

     Dinocrates  began  to  make  the  arched  roof  of  the  temple  of
     Arsino\'89 all of magnet, or this loadstone. Holland.

     Two  magnets,  heaven  and  earth,  allure  to  bliss,  The  larger
     loadstone that, the nearer this. Dryden.

   2.  (Physics)  A  bar  or  mass of steel or iron to which the peculiar
   properties  of  the  loadstone  have  been  imparted;  --  called,  in
   distinction from the loadstone, an artificial magnet.

     NOTE: &hand; An  ar tificial ma gnet, pr oduced by  the action of a
     voltaic or electrical battery, is called an electro-magnet.

   Field  magnet  (Physics  &  Elec.),  a  magnet  used for producing and
   maintaining  a magnetic field; -- used especially of the stationary or
   exciting  magnet  of a dynamo or electromotor in distinction from that
   of the moving portion or armature.

                             Magnetic, Magnetical

   Mag*net"ic   (?),   Mag*net"ic*al  (?),  a.  [L.  magneticus:  cf.  F.

   1.  Pertaining to the magnet; possessing the properties of the magnet,
   or  corresponding  properties;  as, a magnetic bar of iron; a magnetic

   2.  Of  or pertaining to, or characterized by,, the earth's magnetism;
   as, the magnetic north; the magnetic meridian.

   3.  Capable  of  becoming  a magnet; susceptible to magnetism; as, the
   magnetic metals.

   4.  Endowed  with  extraordinary personal power to excite the feelings
   and to win the affections; attractive; inducing attachment.

     She that had all magnetic force alone. Donne.

   5. Having, susceptible to, or induced by, animal magnetism, so called;
   as, a magnetic sleep. See Magnetism.
   Magnetic   amplitude,  attraction,  dip,  induction,  etc.  See  under
   Amplitude,  Attraction, etc. -- Magnetic battery, a combination of bar
   or  horseshoe  magnets  with  the  like  poles  adjacent, so as to act
   together  with  great  power.  --  Magnetic compensator, a contrivance
   connected  with  a ship's compass for compensating or neutralizing the
   effect  of  the  iron of the ship upon the needle. -- Magnetic curves,
   curves  indicating  lines  of magnetic force, as in the arrangement of
   iron  filings  between  the  poles  of  a powerful magnet. -- Magnetic
   elements. (a) (Chem. Physics) Those elements, as iron, nickel, cobalt,
   chromium, manganese, etc., which are capable or becoming magnetic. (b)
   (Physics)  In  respect  to  terrestrial  magnetism,  the  declination,
   inclination,  and  intensity.  (c)  See  under  Element.  --  Magnetic
   equator,  the  line  around the equatorial parts of the earth at which
   there  is  no  dip,  the  dipping needle being horizontal. -- Magnetic
   field,  OR  Field  of  magnetic  force, any space through which magnet
   exerts  its influence. -- Magnetic fluid, the hypothetical fluid whose
   existence was formerly assumed in the explanations of the phenomena of
   magnetism.  --  Magnetic  iron,  OR  Magnetic iron ore. (Min.) Same as
   Magnetite.  -- Magnetic needle, a slender bar of steel, magnetized and
   suspended  at  its  center  on a sharp-pointed pivot, or by a delicate
   fiber,  so  that  it  may  take  freely  the direction of the magnetic
   meridian.  It constitutes the essential part of a compass, such as the
   mariner's and the surveyor's. -- Magnetic poles, the two points in the
   opposite  polar  regions  of  the  earth at which the direction of the
   dipping  needle  is  vertical. -- Magnetic pyrites. See Pyrrhotite. --
   Magnetic  storm  (Terrestrial  Physics),  a disturbance of the earth's
   magnetic  force characterized by great and sudden changes. -- Magnetic
   telegraph, a telegraph acting by means of a magnet. See Telegraph.


   Mag*net"ic (?), n.

   1. A magnet. [Obs.]

     As the magnetic hardest iron draws. Milton.

   2. Any metal, as iron, nickel, cobalt, etc., which may receive, by any
   means,   the  properties  of  the  loadstone,  and  which  then,  when
   suspended, fixes itself in the direction of a magnetic meridian.


   Mag*net"ic*al*ly, adv. By or as by, magnetism.


   Mag*net"ic*al*ness, n.Quality of being magnetic.


   Mag`ne*ti"cian  (?),  n.  One  versed  in  the science of magnetism; a


   Ma*net"ic*ness, n.Magneticalness. [Obs.]


   Mag*net"ics (?), n.The science of magnetism.


   Mag`net*if"er*ous  (?),  a. [L. magnes, -etis + -ferous.] Producing or
   conducting magnetism.


   Mag"net*ism  (?), n. [Cf. F. magn\'82tisme.] The property, quality, or
   state,  of  being  magnetic;  the manifestation of the force in nature
   which is seen in a magnet.

   2. The science which treats of magnetic phenomena.

   3.  Power  of attraction; power to excite the feelings and to gain the
   affections.   "By   the  magnetism  of  interest  our  affections  are
   irresistibly attracted." Glanvill.
   Animal magnetism, a force, more or less analogous to magnetism, which,
   it  has  been  alleged, is produced in animal tissues, and passes from
   one  body  to another with or without actual contact. The existence of
   such  a  force,  and  its  potentiality  for the cure of disease, were
   asserted  by  Mesmer in 1775. His theories and methods were afterwards
   called  mesmerism, a name which has been popularly applied to theories
   and  claims not put forward by Mesmer himself. See Mesmerism, Biology,
   Od, Hypnotism. -- Terrestrial magnetism, the magnetic force exerted by
   the  earth,  and  recognized by its effect upon magnetized needles and


   Mag"net*ist, n.One versed in magnetism.


   Mag"net*ite  (?),  n.  (Min.)  An  oxide  of iron (Fe3O4) occurring in
   isometric  crystals,  also  massive,  of  a  black  color and metallic
   luster.  It  is  readily attracted by a magnet and sometimes possesses
   polarity,  being  then  called loadstone. It is an important iron ore.
   Called also magnetic iron.


   Mag"net*i`za*ble (?), a. Capable of magnetized.


   Mag`net*i*za"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  of magnetizing, or the state of
   being magnetized.


   Mag"net*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Magnetized (?); prep. & adv.
   Magnetizing (?).] [Cf. F. magn\'82tiser.]

   1. To communicate magnetic properties to; as, to magnetize a needle.

   2.  To  attract  as  a  magnet attracts, or like a magnet; to move; to

     Fascinated, magnetized, as it were, by his character. Motley.

   3. To bring under the influence of animal magnetism.


   Mag`net*i*zee"  (?),  n. A person subjected to the influence of animal
   magnetism. [R.]


   Mag"net*i`zer (?), n. One who, or that which, imparts magnetism.


   Mag"net*o- (?). [See Magnet.] A prefix meaning pertaining to, produced
   by, or in some way connected with, magnetism.

                     Magneto-electric, Magneto-electrical

   Mag`net*o-e*lec"tric  (?),  Mag`net*o-e*lec"tric*al  (?), a. (Physics)
   Pertaining  to,  or  characterized  by,  electricity  by the action of
   magnets;  as,  magneto-electric induction. Magneto-electric machine, a
   form  of  dynamo-electric  machine in which the field is maintained by
   permanent steel magnets instead of electro-magnets.


   Mag`net*o-e`lec*tric"i*ty (?), n.

   1. Electricity evolved by the action of magnets.

   2. (Physics) That branch of science which treats of the development of
   electricity   by   the  action  of  magnets;  --  the  counterpart  of


   Mag*net"o*graph  (?),  n.  [Magneto- + -graph.] (Physics) An automatic
   instrument  for  registering,  by photography or otherwise, the states
   and variations of any of the terrestrial magnetic elements.


   Mag`net*om"e*ter    (?),    n.    [Magneto-    +    -meter:   cf.   F.
   magn\'82tom\'8atre.]   (Physics)   An  instrument  for  measuring  the
   intensity of magnetic forces; also, less frequently, an instrument for
   determining  any  of the terrestrial magnetic elements, as the dip and


   Mag`net*o*met"ric   (?),   a.  Pertaining  to,  or  employed  in,  the
   measurement  of  magnetic forces; obtained by means of a magnetometer;
   as, magnetometric instruments; magnetometric measurements.


   Mag`net*o*mo"tor  (?), n.A voltaic series of two or more large plates,
   producing  a  great  quantity of electricity of low tension, and hence
   adapted to the exhibition of electro-magnetic phenomena. [R.]


   Mag`net*o*ther"a*py  (?),  n.  (Med.)  The treatment of disease by the
   application of magnets to the surface of the body.


   Mag"ni*fi`a*ble,  a.  [From  Magnify.]  Such  as  can be magnified, or

                             Magnific, Magnifical

   Mag*nif"ic  (?),  Mag*nif"ic*al (?), a. [L. magnificus; magnus great +
   facere  to  make:  cf.  F.  magnifique.  See  Magnitude, Fact. and cf.
   Magnificent.]  Grand;  splendid;  illustrious;  magnificent.  [Obs.] 1
   Chron.  xxii.  5.  "Thy  magnific deeds." Milton. -- Mag*nif"ic*al*ly,
   adv. [Obs.]


   Mag*nif"i*cat (?), n. [L., it magnifies.] The song of the Virgin Mary,
   Luke  i.  46;  -- so called because it commences with this word in the


   Mag*nif"i*cate  (?), v. t. [L. magnificatus, p. p. of magnificare.] To
   magnify or extol. [Obs.] Marston.


   Mag`ni*fi*ca"tion   (?),   n.  The  act  of  magnifying;  enlargement;
   exaggeration. [R.]


   Mag*nif"i*cence  (?),  n.  [F.  magnificence,  L.  magnificentia.  See
   Magnific.]  The act of doing what magnificent; the state or quality of
   being magnificent. Acts xix. 27. "Then cometh magnificence." Chaucer.

     And,  for  the heaven's wide circuit, let it speak The Maker's high
     magnificence, who built so spacious. Milton.

     The noblest monuments of Roman magnificence. Eustace.


   Mag*nif"i*cent (?), a. [See Magnificence.]

   1.  Doing grand things; admirable in action; displaying great power or
   opulence, especially in building, way of living, and munificence.

     A  prince  is never so magnificent As when he's sparing to enrich a
     few With the injuries of many. Massinger.

   2.  Grand  in  appearance;  exhibiting grandeur or splendor; splendid'

     When  Rome's exalted beauties I descry Magnificent in piles of ruin
     lie. Addison.

   Syn. -- Glorious; majestic; sublime. See Grand.


   Mag*nif"i*cent*ly, adv. In a Magnificent manner.


   Mag*nif"i*co (?), n.; pl. Magnificoes (#). [It. See Magnific.]

   1. A grandee or nobleman of Venice; -- so called in courtesy. Shak.

   2. A rector of a German university.


   Mag"ni*fi`er (?), n. One who, or that which, magnifies.


   Mag"ni*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Magnified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Magnifying  (?).]  [OE.  magnifien,  F. magnifier, L. magnificare. See

   1.  To  make  great,  or  greater;  to  increase the dimensions of; to
   amplify;  to  enlarge,  either  in  fact  or  in  appearance;  as, the
   microscope magnifies the object by a thousand diameters.

     The least error in a small quantity . . . will in a great one . . .
     be proportionately magnified. Grew.

   2.  To increase the importance of; to augment the esteem or respect in
   which one is held.

     On  that  day the Lord magnified Joshua in the sight of all Israel.
     Joshua iv. 14.

   3. To praise highly; to land; to extol. [Archaic]

     O,  magnify  the  Lord with me, and let us exalt his name together.
     Ps. xxxiv. 3.

   4. To exaggerate; as, to magnify a loss or a difficulty.
   To  magnify one's self (Script.), to exhibit pride and haughtiness; to
   boast.  --  To  magnify  one's  self against (Script.), to oppose with


   Mag"ni*fy, v. i.

   1.  To  have  the  power of causing objects to appear larger than they
   really  are;  to increase the apparent dimensions of objects; as, some
   lenses magnify but little.

   2.  To have effect; to be of importance or significance. [Cant & Obs.]
   Magnifying  glass,  a  lens which magnifies the apparent dimensions of
   objects seen through it.


   Mag*nil"o*quence  (?),  n.  [L.  magniloquentia.] The quality of being
   magniloquent; pompous discourse; grandiloquence.


   Mag*nil"o*quent  (?), a. [L. magnus great + loquens, -entis, p. pr. of
   loqui  to speak. See Magnitude, Loquacious.] Speaking pompously; using
   swelling  discourse;  bombastic;  tumid  in  style;  grandiloquent. --
   Mag*nil"o*quent*ly, adv.


   Mag*nil"o*quous (?), a. [L. magniloquus.] Magniloquent. [Obs.]


   Mag"ni*tude  (?), n. [L. magnitudo, from magnus great. See Master, and
   cf. Maxim.]

   1.  Extent of dimensions; size; -- applied to things that have length,
   breath, and thickness.

     Conceive  those  particles  of  bodies  to  be  so disposed amongst
     themselves,  that the intervals of empty spaces between them may be
     equal in magnitude to them all. Sir I. Newton.

   2. (Geom.) That which has one or more of the three dimensions, length,
   breadth, and thickness.

   3.  Anything  of  which  greater  or  less can be predicated, as time,
   weight, force, and the like.

   Page 883

   4.  Greatness;  grandeur.  "With  plain,  heroic  magnitude  of mind."

   5.  Greatness, in reference to influence or effect; importance; as, an
   affair of magnitude.

     The magnitude of his designs. Bp. Horsley.

   Apparent  magnitude (Opt.), the angular breadth of an object viewed as
   measured by the angle which it subtends at the eye of the observer; --
   called  also  apparent diameter. -- Magnitude of a star (Astron.), the
   rank  of  a  star with respect to brightness. About twenty very bright
   stars  are  said  to  be  of  first  magnitude, the stars of the sixth
   magnitude  being  just  visible to the naked eye. Telescopic stars are
   classified  down  to  the twelfth magnitude or lower. The scale of the
   magnitudes  is  quite  arbitrary,  but  by  means  of photometers, the
   classification  has  been  made  to  tenths  of  a  magnitude. <-- the
   difference in actual brightness between magnitudes is now specified as
   a  factor of 2.512, i.e. the difference in brightness is 100 for stars
   differing by five magnitudes. -->


   Mag*no"li*a  (?),  n.  [NL.  Named  after  Pierre Magnol, professor of
   botany at Montpellier, France, in the 17th century.] (Bot.) A genus of
   American and Asiatic trees, with aromatic bark and large sweet-scented
   whitish or reddish flowers.

     NOTE: &hand; Magnolia grandiflora has coriaceous shining leaves and
     very fragrant blossoms. It is common from North Carolina to Florida
     and Texas, and is one of the most magnificent trees of the American
     forest. The sweet bay (M. glauca)is a small tree found sparingly as
     far  north  as Cape Ann. Other American species are M. Umbrella, M.
     macrophylla, M. Fraseri, M. acuminata, and M. cordata. M. conspicua
     and  M.  purpurea are cultivated shrubs or trees from Eastern Asia.
     M. Campbellii, of India, has rose-colored or crimson flowers.

   Magnolia  warbler  (Zo\'94l.), a beautiful North American wood warbler
   (Dendroica  maculosa). The rump and under parts are bright yellow; the
   breast  and  belly  are spotted with black; the under tail coverts are
   white; the crown is ash.


   Mag*no`li*a"ceous  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Pertaining  to  a  natural  order
   (Magnoliace\'91)  of  trees of which the magnolia, the tulip tree, and
   the star anise are examples.


   Mag"num (?), n. [Neut. sing. of L. magnus great.]

   1. A large wine bottle.

     They passed the magnum to one another freely. Sir W. Scott


   2.  (Anat.)  A  bone of the carpus at the base of the third metacarpal


   Mag"ot (?), n. [F.] (Zo\'94l.) The Barbary ape.


   Mag"ot-pie` (?), n. A magpie. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mag"pie  (?),  n.  [OE.  &  Prov.  E. magot pie, maggoty pie, fr. Mag,
   Maggot,  equiv. to Margaret, and fr. F. Marquerite, and common name of
   the  magpie. Marguerite is fr. L. margarita pearl, Gr. Pie magpie, and
   cf.  the  analogous  names Tomtit, and Jackdaw.] (Zo\'94l.) Any one of
   numerous  species  of the genus Pica and related genera, allied to the
   jays, but having a long graduated tail.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e common European magpie (Pica pica, or P. caudata)
     is  a  black and white noisy and mischievous bird. It can be taught
     to  speak.  The American magpie (P. Hudsonica) is very similar. The
     yellow-belled  magpie  (P.  Nuttalli) inhabits California. The blue
     magpie (Cyanopolius Cooki) inhabits Spain. Other allied species are
     found  in  Asia.  The  Tasmanian  and  Australian  magpies are crow
     shrikes,  as  the  white  magpie  (Gymnorhina organicum), the black
     magpie  (Strepera fuliginosa), and the Australian magpie (Cracticus

   Magpie  lark  (Zo\'94l.),  a common Australian bird (Grallina picata),
   conspicuously  marked  with  black  and  white;  -- called also little
   magpie.  --  Magpie  moth  (Zo\'94l.),  a  black  and  white  European
   geometrid  moth (Abraxas grossulariata); the harlequin moth. Its larva
   feeds on currant and gooseberry bushes.


   Ma`gua*ri"  (?),  n. [From native name: cf. Pg. magoari.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   South American stork (Euxenara maguari), having a forked tail.


   Mag"uey  (?),  n.  [Sp.  maguey,  Mexican maguei and metl.] (Bot.) The
   century plant, a species of Agave (A. Americana). See Agave.


   Mag"yar (?), n. [Hung.]

   1.  (Ethnol.)  One  of  the  dominant people of Hungary, allied to the
   Finns; a Hungarian.

   2. The language of the Magyars.


   Ma"ha (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A kind of baboon; the wanderoo.

                           Mahabarata, Mahabharatam

   Ma*ha*ba"ra*ta (?), Ma*ha*bha"ra*tam (?), n. [Skr. mah\'bebh\'berata.]
   A  celebrated  epic poem of the Hindoos. It is of great length, and is
   chiefly devoted to the history of a civil war between two dynasties of
   ancient India.


   Ma*ha"led  (?),  n.[Ar. mahled.] (Bot.) A cherry tree (Prunus Mahaleb)
   of Southern Europe. The wood is prized by cabinetmakers, the twigs are
   used  for pipe stems, the flowers and leaves yield a perfume, and from
   the  fruit a violet dye and a fermented liquor (like kirschwasser) are


   Ma*ha*ra"jah  (?),  n.  [Skr.  mah\'ber\'beja;  mahat  great + r\'beja
   king.]  A  sovereign  prince  in India; -- a title given also to other
   persons of high rank.


   Ma`ha*rif"   (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  African  antelope  (Hippotragus
   Bakeri). Its face is striped with black and white.


   Ma*har"mah (?), n. A muslin wrapper for the head and the lower part of
   the face, worn by Turkish and Armenian women when they go abroad.


   Mah"di  (?), n. [Ar., guide, leader.] Among Mohammedans, the last imam
   or  leader  of  the  faithful.  The  Sunni,  the  largest  sect of the
   Mohammedans, believe that he is yet to appear.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ti tle ha s be en ta ken by  se veral pe rsons in
     countries  where  Mohammedanism  prevails,  --  notably by Mohammad
     Ahmed,  who  overran  the  Egyptian  Sudan,  and  in  1885 captured
     Khartum,  his  soldiers  killing General Gordon, an Englishman, who
     was then the Egyptian governor of the region.


   Mahl"-stick` (?), n. See Maul-stick.


   Ma"hoe  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  name  given  to  several malvaceous trees
   (species  of  Hibiscus,  Ochroma,  etc.),  and to their strong fibrous
   inner bark, which is used for strings and cordage.


   Ma*hog"a*ny (?), n. [From the South American name.]

   1.  (Bot.) A large tree of the genus Swietenia (S. Mahogoni), found in
   tropical America.

     NOTE: &hand; Se veral ot her tr ees, wi th wo od mo re or less like
     mahogany,  are  called  by  this  name; as, African mahogany (Khaya
     Senegalensis), Australian mahogany (Eucalyptus marginatus), Bastard
     mahogany  (Batonia  apetala  of  the  West Indies), Indian mahogany
     (Cedrela  Toona  of  Bengal,  and  trees  of the genera Soymida and
     Chukrassia),  Madeira  mahogany (Persea Indica), Mountain mahogany,
     the  black or cherry birch (Betula lenta), also the several species
     of Cercocarpus of California and the Rocky Mountains.

   2. The wood of the Swietenia Mahogoni. It is of a reddish brown color,
   beautifully veined, very hard, and susceptible of a fine polish. It is
   used in the manufacture of furniture.

   3. A table made of mahogany wood. [Colloq.]
   To  be  under the mahogany, to be so drunk as to have fallen under the
   table.  [Eng.] -- To put one's legs under some one's mahogany, to dine
   with him. [Slang]


   Ma*ho"li  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A South African lemur (Galago maholi),
   having very large ears. [Written also moholi.]

                             Mahomedan, Mahometan

   Ma*hom"ed*an (?), Ma*hom"et*an (?), n. See Mohammedan.


   Ma*hom"et*an*ism (?), n. See Mohammedanism.


   Ma*hom"et*an*ize  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mahometanized (?); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Mahometanizing (?).] To convert to the religion of Mohammed; to


   Ma*hom"et*ism (?), n. See Mohammedanism.


   Ma*hom"et*ist, n. A Mohammedan. [R.]


   Ma*hom"et*ry (?), n. Mohammedanism. [Obs.]


   Ma*hone" (?), n. A large Turkish ship. Crabb.


   Ma*ho"ni*a  (?),  n.  [Named after Bernard McMahon.] (Bot.) The Oregon
   grape,  a  species of barberry (Berberis Aquifolium), often cultivated
   for its hollylike foliage.

                                  Mahon stock

   Ma*hon"  stock`  (?).  (Bot.) An annual cruciferous plant with reddish
   purple  or white flowers (Malcolmia maritima). It is called in England
   Virginia stock, but the plant comes from the Mediterranean.


   Ma*hoo"hoo  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The African white two-horned rhinoceros
   (Atelodus simus).


   Ma"ho*ri  (?),  n. [Native name. Cf. Maori.] (Ethnol.) One of the dark
   race  inhabiting  principally  the  islands of Eastern Polynesia. Also
   used adjectively.


   Ma`hound  (?),  n.  A  contemptuous  name for Mohammed; hence, an evil
   spirit; a devil. [Obs.]

     Who's this, my mahound cousin ? Beau. & Fl.


   Ma*hout"  (?), n. [Hind. mah\'bewat, Skr. mah\'bem\'betra; mahat great
   +  m\'betr\'be  measure.]  The keeper and driver of an elephant. [East


   Ma*ho"vo  (?),  n.  (Mach.)  A device for saving power in stopping and
   starting a railroad car, by means of a heavy fly wheel.


   Mah*rat"i  (?),  n. The language of the Mahrattas; the language spoken
   in the Deccan and Concan. [Written also Marathi.]


   Mah*rat"ta  (?),  n.  [Hind. Marhat\'be, Marh\'bett\'be, the name of a
   famous Hindoo race, from the old Skr. name Mah\'be-r\'beshtra.] One of
   a numerous people inhabiting the southwestern part of India. Also, the
   language  of the Mahrattas; Mahrati. It is closely allied to Sanskrit.
   -- a. Of or pertaining to the Mahrattas. [Written also Maratha.]

                            Mahumetan, Mahumetanism

   Ma*hu"met*an    (?),    Ma*hu"met*an*ism    (?),   n.See   Mohammedan,

                                  Mahwa tree

   Mah"wa  tree`  (?).  (Bot.)  An  East  Indian sapotaceous tree (Bassia
   latifolia,  and  also  B.  butyracea),  whose timber is used for wagon
   wheels,  and  the  flowers  for  food and in preparing an intoxicating
   drink.  It  is  one  of  the butter trees. The oil, known as mahwa and
   yallah, is obtained from the kernels of the fruit.


   Ma"i*a  (?),  n.  [From L. Maia, a goddess.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) A genus of
   spider  crabs,  including the common European species (Maia squinado).
   (b) A beautiful American bombycid moth (Eucronia maia).


   Ma"ian (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any spider crab of the genus Maia, or family


   Maid (?), n. [Shortened from maiden. . See Maiden.]

   1. An unmarried woman; usually, a young unmarried woman; esp., a girl;
   a virgin; a maiden.

     Would I had died a maid, And never seen thee, never borne thee son.

     Can  a  maid  forget  her  ornaments, or a bride her attire? Yet my
     people have forgotten me. Jer. ii. 32.

   2. A man who has not had sexual intercourse. [Obs.]

     Christ was a maid and shapen as a man. Chaucer.

   3. A female servant.

     Spinning amongst her maids. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Ma id is  us ed ei ther adjectively or in composition,
     signifying female, as in maid child, maidservant.

   4.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  female  of a ray or skate, esp. of the gray skate
   (Raia batis), and of the thornback (R. clavata). [Prov. Eng.]
   Fair  maid.  (Zo\'94l.)  See under Fair, a. -- Maid of honor, a female
   attendant  of  a  queen or royal princess; -- usually of noble family,
   and  having  to  perform only nominal or honorary duties. -- Old maid.
   See  under  Old.  <--  maid  of  honor. principal female attendant (if
   unmarried) of a bride at wedding. (If married, matron of honor.) -->


   Maid"en  (?),  n.  [OE.  maiden,  meiden,  AS.  m\'91gden, dim. of AS.
   m\'91g, fr. mago son, servant; akin to G. magd, m\'84dchen, maid, OHG.
   magad,  Icel.  m\'94gr son, Goth. magus boy, child, magaps virgin, and
   perh. to Zend. magu youth. Cf. Maid a virgin.]

   1.  An unmarried woman; a girl or woman who has not experienced sexual
   intercourse; a virgin; a maid.

     She  employed  the  residue  of  her life to repairing of highways,
     building of bridges, and endowing of maidens. Carew.

     A maiden of our century, yet most meek. Tennyson.

   2. A female servant. [Obs.]

   3.  An instrument resembling the guillotine, formerly used in Scotland
   for beheading criminals. Wharton.

   4. A machine for washing linen.


   Maid"en, a.

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  maiden,  or to maidens; suitable to, or
   characteristic  of,  a  virgin; as, maiden innocence. "Amid the maiden
   throng." Addison.

     Have you no modesty, no maiden shame ? Shak.

   2.  Never  having  been  married;  not  having had sexual intercourse;
   virgin;  -- said usually of the woman, but sometimes of the man; as, a
   maiden aunt. "A surprising old maiden lady." Thackeray.

   3.   Fresh;  innocent;  unpolluted;  pure;  hitherto  unused.  "Maiden
   flowers.' Shak.

     Full bravely hast thou fleshed Thy maiden sword. Shak.

   4.  Used of a fortress, signifying that it has never been captured, or
   violated. T. Warton. Macaulay.
   Maiden  assize  (Eng.  Law),  an  assize  which  there  is no criminal
   prosecution;  an  assize which is unpolluted with blood. It was usual,
   at such an assize, for the sheriff to present the judge with a pair of
   white gloves. Smart. -- Maiden name, the surname of a woman before her
   marriage.  --  Maiden  pink.  (Bot.)  See  under  Pink. -- Maiden plum
   (Bot.),  a  West  Indian  tree (Comocladia integrifolia) with purplish
   drupes. The sap of the tree is glutinous, and gives a persistent black
   stain.  -- Maiden speech, the first speech made by a person, esp. by a
   new  member  in a public body. -- Maiden tower, the tower most capable
   of  resisting an enemy.<-- maiden voyage. first regular service voyage
   of a ship -->


   Maid"en, v. t. To act coyly like a maiden; -- with it as an indefinite

     For had I maiden'd it, as many use. Loath for to grant, but loather
     to refuse. Bp. Hall.


   Maid"en*hair`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  fern  of  the  genus  Adiantum (A.
   pedatum),  having  very  slender  graceful stalks. It is common in the
   United  States,  and  is  sometimes used in medicine. The name is also
   applied  to  other  species  of  the same genus, as to the Venus-hair.
   Maiden grass, the smaller quaking grass. -- Maiden tree. See Ginkgo.


   Maid"en*head (?), n. [See Maidenhood.]

   1. The state of being a maiden; maidenhood; virginity. Shak.

   2.  The  state  of  being unused or uncontaminated; freshness; purity.

     The maidenhead of their credit. Sir H. Wotton.

   3. The hymen, or virginal membrane.


   Maid"en*hood (?), n. [AS. m\'91gdenh\'bed. See Maid, and -hood.]

   1. The state of being a maid or a virgin; virginity. Shak.

   2. Newness; freshness; uncontaminated state.

     The maidenhood Of thy fight. Shak.


   Maid"en*like` (?), a. Like a maiden; modest; coy.


   Maid"en*li*ness  (?),  n.  The quality of being maidenly; the behavior
   that becomes a maid; modesty; gentleness.


   Maid"en*ly,  a.  Like  a  maid;  suiting  a maid; maiden-like; gentle,
   modest, reserved.

     Must  you  be  blushing ? . . . What a maidenly man-at-arms are you
     become ! Shak.


   Maid"en*ly, adv. In a maidenlike manner. "Maidenly demure." Skelton.


   Maid"en*ship, n. Maidenhood. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Maid"hood (?), n. [AS. m\'91g. See Maid, and -hood.] Maidenhood. Shak.


   Maid`ma"ri*an  (?), n. [Maid + Marian, relating to Mary, or the Virgin

   1. The lady of the May games; one of the characters in a morris dance;
   a May queen. Afterward, a grotesque character personated in sports and
   buffoonery by a man in woman's clothes.

   2. A kind of dance. Sir W. Temple.


   Maid"pale` (?), a. Pale, like a sick girl. Shak.


   Maid"serv`ant (?), n. A female servant.

                                  Maid's hair

   Maid's" hair` (?). (Bot.) The yellow bedstraw (Galium verum).

                             Maieutic, Maieutical

   Ma*ieu"tic (?), Ma*ieu"tic*al (?), a. [Gr.

   1. Serving to assist childbirth. Cudworth.

   2.  Fig. : Aiding, or tending to, the definition and interpretation of
   thoughts or language. Payne.


   Ma*ieu"tics  (?),  n.  The  art  of giving birth (i. e., clearness and
   conviction)  to  ideas,  which  are conceived as struggling for birth.


   Mai"ger (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The meagre.


   Mai"gre  (?), a. [F. See Meager.] Belonging to a fast day or fast; as,
   a  maigre  day.  Walpole.  Maigre food (R. C. Ch.), food allowed to be
   eaten on fast days.

   Page 884


   Mai"hem (?), n. See Maim, and Mayhem.


   Mai*kel"  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) A South American carnivore of the genus
   Conepatus, allied to the skunk, but larger, and having a longer snout.
   The tail is not bushy.


   Mai*kong"  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  South  American  wild  dog  (Canis
   cancrivorus); the crab-eating dog.


   Mail (?), n. A spot. [Obs.]


   Mail, n. [F. maille, OF. also maaille, LL. medalia. See Medal.]

   1. A small piece of money; especially, an English silver half-penny of
   the time of Henry V. [Obs.] [Written also maile, and maille.]

   2.  Rent;  tribute. [Obs., except in certain compounds and phrases, as
   blackmail, mails and duties, etc.]
   Mail  and duties (Scots Law), the rents of an estate, in whatever form


   Mail,  n. [OE. maile, maille, F. maille a ring of mail, mesh, network,
   a  coat  of  mail,  fr.  L.  macula  spot, a mesh of a net. Cf. Macle,
   Macula, Mascle.]

   1.  A  flexible  fabric  made  of metal rings interlinked. It was used
   especially for defensive armor. Chaucer.
   Chain mail, Coat of mail. See under Chain, and Coat.

   2. Hence generally, armor, or any defensive covering.

   3.  (Naut.)  A  contrivance  of interlinked rings, for rubbing off the
   loose hemp on lines and white cordage.

   4. (Zo\'94l.) Any hard protective covering of an animal, as the scales
   and plates of reptiles, shell of a lobster, etc.

     We . . . strip the lobster of his scarlet mail. Gay.


   Mail, v. t.

   1. To arm with mail.

   2. To pinion. [Obs.]


   Mail,  n.  [OE.  male  bag,  OF. male, F. malle bag, trunk, mail, OHG.
   malaha,  malha,  wallet;  akin to D. maal, male; cf. Gael. & Ir. mala,

   1. A bag; a wallet. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2.  The  bag or bags with the letters, papers, papers, or other matter
   contained  therein,  conveyed  under  public  authority  from one post
   office  to  another; the whole system of appliances used by government
   in the conveyance and delivery of mail matter.

     There is a mail come in to-day, with letters dated Hague. Tatler.

   3.  That  which comes in the mail; letters, etc., received through the
   post office.

   4.  A  trunk,  box,  or  bag, in which clothing, etc., may be carried.
   [Obs.] Sir W. Scott.
   Mail  bag,  a  bag  in  which  mailed  matter is conveyed under public
   authority.  --  Mail  boat,  a  boat  that  carries  the mail. -- Mail
   catcher, an iron rod, or other contrivance, attached to a railroad car
   for  catching  a mail bag while the train is in motion. -- Mail guard,
   an  officer whose duty it is to guard the public mails. [Eng.] -- Mail
   train, a railroad train carrying the mail.


   Mail,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Mailed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Mailing.] To
   deliver  into  the  custody of the postoffice officials, or place in a
   government  letter box, for transmission by mail; to post; as, to mail
   a letter. [U. S.]

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e United States to mail and to post are both in
     common  use;  as,  to mail or post a letter. In England post is the
     commoner usage.


   Mail"a*ble (?), a. Admissible lawfully into the mail. [U.S.]


   Mail"clad`  (?), a. Protected by a coat of mail; clad in armor. Sir W.


   Mailed  (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Protected by an external coat, or covering,
   of scales or plates.


   Mailed, a. [See 1st Mail.] Spotted; speckled.


   Mail"ing (?), n. [Scot., fr. mail tribute, rent. See 2d Mail.] A farm.
   [Scot.] Sir W. Scott.


   Mail"-shell` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A chiton.


   Maim  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Maimed (?);p. pr. & vb. n. Maiming.]
   [OE.   maimen,   OF.  mahaignier,  mehaignier,  meshaignier,  cf.  It.
   magagnare,  LL.  mahemiare,  mahennare;  perh.  of  Celtic origin; cf.
   Armor. mac'ha to mutilate, m\'bec'ha to crowd, press; or cf. OHG. mang
   to lack, perh. akin to E. mangle to lacerate. Cf. Mayhem.]

   1.  To  deprive  of  the  use  of  a limb, so as to render a person on
   fighting less able either to defend himself or to annoy his adversary.

     By  the  ancient  law  of England he that maimed any man whereby he
     lost  any  part  of  his body, was sentenced to lose the like part.

   2. To mutilate; to cripple; to injure; to disable; to impair.

     My late maimed limbs lack wonted might. Spenser.

     You maimed the jurisdiction of all bishops. Shak.

   Syn. -- To mutilate; mangle; cripple.


   Maim,  n.  [Written in law language maihem, and mayhem.] [OF. mehaing.
   See Maim, v.]

   1.  The privation of the use of a limb or member of the body, by which
   one is rendered less able to defend himself or to annoy his adversary.

   2.  The  privation  of  any  necessary  part; a crippling; mutilation;
   injury; deprivation of something essential. See Mayhem.

     Surely there is more cause to fear lest the want there of be a maim
     than the use of it a blemish. Hooker.

     A  noble author esteems it to be a maim in history that the acts of
     Parliament should not be recited. Hayward.


   Maim"ed*ly (?), adv. In a maimed manner.


   Maim"ed*ness, n. State of being maimed. Bolton.


   Main (?), n. [F. main hand, L. manus. See Manual.]

   1. A hand or match at dice. Prior. Thackeray. 

   2. A stake played for at dice. [Obs.] Shak.

   3.  The largest throw in a match at dice; a throw at dice within given
   limits, as in the game of hazard.

   4.  A match at cockfighting. "My lord would ride twenty miles . . . to
   see a main fought." Thackeray.

   5. A main-hamper. [Obs.] Ainsworth.


   Main,  n.  [AS.  m\'91gen  strength, power, force; akin to OHG. magan,
   Icel. megin, and to E. may, v. May, v.]

   1.  Strength;  force;  might; violent effort. [Obs., except in certain

     There were in this battle of most might and main. R. of Gl.

     He  'gan  advance,  With  huge  force,  and  with  importable main.

   2.  The  chief  or  principal  part; the main or most important thing.
   [Obs., except in special uses.]

     Resolved  to  rest  upon the title of Lancaster as the main, and to
     use the other two . . . but as supporters. Bacon.

   3. Specifically: (a) The great sea, as distinguished from an arm, bay,
   etc.  ; the high sea; the ocean. "Struggling in the main." Dryden. (b)
   The continent, as distinguished from an island; the mainland. "Invaded
   the   main   of   Spain."  Bacon.  (c)  principal  duct  or  pipe,  as
   distinguished  from  lesser  ones;  esp.  (Engin.),  a  principal pipe
   leading to or from a reservoir; as, a fire main.
   Forcing  main, the delivery pipe of a pump. -- For the main, OR In the
   main, for the most part; in the greatest part. -- With might and main,
   OR  With  all  one's  might  and  main,  with all one's strength; with
   violent effort.

     With might and main they chased the murderous fox. Dryden.


   Main  (?),  a.  [From Main strength, possibly influenced by OF. maine,
   magne, great, L. magnus. Cf. Magnate.]

   1. Very or extremely strong. [Obs.]

     That current with main fury ran. Daniel.

   2. Vast; huge. [Obs.] "The main abyss." Milton.

   3.  Unqualified; absolute; entire; sheer. [Obs.] "It's a man untruth."
   Sir W. Scott.

   4. Principal; chief; first in size, rank, importance, etc.

     Our main interest is to be happy as we can. Tillotson.

   5. Important; necessary. [Obs.]

     That  which  thou aright Believest so main to our success, I bring.

   By main force, by mere force or sheer force; by violent effort; as, to
   subdue insurrection by main force.

     That Maine which by main force Warwick did win. Shak.

   --  By main strength, by sheer strength; as, to lift a heavy weight by
   main strength. -- Main beam (Steam Engine), working beam. -- Main boom
   (Naut.), the boom which extends the foot of the mainsail in a fore and
   aft  vessel.  --  Main  brace. (a) (Mech.) The brace which resists the
   chief strain. Cf. Counter brace. (b) (Naut.) The brace attached to the
   main yard. -- Main center (Steam Engine), a shaft upon which a working
   beam  or  side lever swings. -- Main chance. See under Chance. -- Main
   couple  (Arch.),  the principal truss in a roof. -- Main deck (Naut.),
   the  deck  next  below the spar deck; the principal deck. -- Main keel
   (Naut.), the principal or true keel of a vessel, as distinguished from
   the false keel. Syn. -- Principal; chief; leading; cardinal; capital.


   Main,  adv.  [See  Main, a.] Very extremely; as, main heavy. "I'm main
   dry." Foote. [Obs. or Low]


   Maine  (?),  n.  One  of  the  New  England States. Maine law, any law
   prohibiting  the  manufacture and sale of intoxicating beverages, esp.
   one resembling that enacted in the State of Maine.


   Main`-gauche"  (m&acr;N`g&omac;sh"),  n. [F., the left hand.] (Ancient
   Armor)  The  dagger held in the left hand, while the rapier is held in
   the right; -- used to parry thrusts of the adversary's rapier.


   Main"-ham`per  (?),  n.  [F.  main hand (see Main a hand at dice) + E.
   hamper.]  A  hamper  to  be carried in the hand; a hand basket used in
   carrying grapes to the press.


   Main"land`  (?),  n.  The continent; the principal land; -- opposed to
   island, or peninsula. Dryden.

     After  the  two  wayfarers  had  crossed  from the peninsula to the
     mainland. Hawthorne.


   Main"ly  (?),  adv.  [From  main  strong.  See  Main  strength.]  Very
   strongly; mightily; to a great degree. [Obs.] Bacon. Shak.


   Main"ly, adv. [From main principal, chief.] Principally; chiefly.


   Main"mast`  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  The  principal  mast in a ship or other


   Main"or  (?),  n.  [Anglo-Norm. meinoure, OF. manuevre. See Maneuver.]
   (O. Eng. Law) A thing stolen found on the person of the thief.

     NOTE: &hand; A  th ief was said to be "taken with the mainor," when
     he was taken with the thing stolen upon him, that is, in his hands.

   Wharton. Bouvier. 


   Main"per*na*ble  (?), a. [OF. main hand + pernable, for prenable, that
   may  be  taken,  pregnable.  See  Mainpernor.]  (Law) Capable of being
   admitted to give surety by mainpernors; able to be mainprised.


   Main"per*nor (?), n. [OF. main hand + pernor, for preneor, a taker, F.
   preneur,  fr.  prendre to take.] (Law) A surety, under the old writ of
   mainprise, for a prisoner's appearance in court at a day.

     NOTE: &hand; Ma inpernors differ from bail in that a man's bail may
     imprison  or surrender him before the stipulated day of appearance;
     mainpernors can do neither; they are bound to produce him to answer
     all charges whatsoever.



   Main"pin (?), n. (Vehicles) A kingbolt.


   Main"prise  (?), n. [F. main hand + prise a taking, fr. prendre, p. p.
   pris to take, fr. L. prehendere, prehensum.] (Law) (a) A writ directed
   to  the  sheriff, commanding him to take sureties, called mainpernors,
   for  the  prisoner's appearance, and to let him go at large. This writ
   is  now  obsolete.  Wharton. (b) Deliverance of a prisoner on security
   for his appearance at a day.


   Main"prise,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Mainprised (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Mainprising.] (Law) To suffer to go at large, on his finding sureties,
   or mainpernors, for his appearance at a day; -- said of a prisoner.


   Mains (?), n. [Scot. See Manse.] The farm attached to a mansion house.


   Main"sail`  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  The  principal  sail in a ship or other

     [They] hoised up the mainsail to the wind. Acts xxvii. 40.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ma insail of  a  sh ip is  ex tended up on a yard
     attached  to the mainmast, and that of a sloop or schooner upon the


   Main"sheet`  (?), n. (Naut.) One of the ropes by which the mainsail is
   hauled aft and trimmed.


   Main"spring` (?), n. The principal or most important spring in a piece
   of  mechanism, especially the moving spring of a watch or clock or the
   spring  in a gunlock which impels the hammer. Hence: The chief or most
   powerful motive; the efficient cause of action.


   Main"stay` (?), n.

   1.  (Naut.)  The  stay  extending from the foot of the foremast to the

   2. Main support; principal dependence.

     The great mainstay of the Church. Buckle.


   Main"swear`  (?),  v.  i.  [AS. m\'benswerian to forswear; m\'ben sin,
   crime + swerian to swear.] To swear falsely. [Obs.] Blount.


   Main*tain  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Maintained (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Maintaining.]  [OE.  maintenen, F. maintenir, properly, to hold by the
   hand;  main hand (L. manus) + F. tenir to hold (L.tenere). See Manual,
   and Tenable.]

   1.  To  hold or keep in any particular state or condition; to support;
   to  sustain;  to uphold; to keep up; not to suffer to fail or decline;
   as,  to  maintain a certain degree of heat in a furnace; to maintain a
   fence  or  a  railroad; to maintain the digestive process or powers of
   the  stomach;  to  maintain the fertility of soil; to maintain present

   2.  To  keep  possession  of;  to hold and defend; not to surrender or

     God values . . . every one as he maintains his post. Grew.

   3. To continue; not to suffer to cease or fail.

     Maintain talk with the duke. Shak.

   4. To bear the expense of; to support; to keep up; to supply with what
   is needed.

     Glad, by his labor, to maintain his life. Stirling.

     What maintains one vice would bring up two children. Franklin.

   5. To affirm; to support or defend by argument.

     It  is hard to maintain the truth, but much harder to be maintained
     by it. South.

   Syn. -- To assert; vindicate; allege. See Assert.


   Main*tain"a*ble (?), a. That maybe maintained.


   Main*tain"er (?), n. One who maintains.


   Main*tain"or  (?), n. [OF. mainteneor, F. mainteneur.] (Crim. Law) One
   who, not being interested, maintains a cause depending between others,
   by furnishing money, etc., to either party. Bouvier. Wharton. 


   Main"te*nance (?), n. [OF. maintenance. See Maintain.]

   1. The act of maintaining; sustenance; support; defense; vindication.

     Whatsoever  is  granted  to  the  church  for  God's  honor and the
     maintenance of his service, is granted to God. South.

   2.  That  which  maintains or supports; means of sustenance; supply of
   necessaries and conveniences.

     Those  of  better  fortune  not  making learning their maintenance.

   3.  (Crim.  Law)  An  officious  or  unlawful intermeddling in a cause
   depending  between  others,  by  assisting  either party with money or
   means to carry it on. See Champerty. Wharton.
   Cap of maintenance. See under Cap.


   Main"top`  (?), n. (Naut.) The platform about the head of the mainmast
   in square-rigged vessels.

                                   Main yard

   Main"  yard`  (?). (Naut.) The yard on which the mainsail is extended,
   supported by the mainmast.


   Mai"oid  (?),  a.  [Maia  +  -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the
   genus Maia, or family Maiade\'91.


   Mais"ter (?), n. Master. [Obs.] Chaucer. Spenser.


   Mais"ter, a. Principal; chief. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                          Maistre, Maistrie, Maistry

   Mais"tre  (?),  Mais"trie, Mais"try (?), n. Mastery; superiority; art.
   See Mastery. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mais"tress (?), n. Mistress. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mai"thes (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Maghet.


   Maize  (?), n. [Sp. maiz. fr. mahiz or mahis, i (Bot.) A large species
   of  American  grass of the genus Zea (Z. Mays), widely cultivated as a
   forage  and  food plant; Indian corn. Also, its seed, growing on cobs,
   and  used  as  food  for  men animals. Maize eater (Zo\'94l.), a South
   American  bird of the genus Pseudoleistes, allied to the troupials. --
   Maize yellow, a delicate pale yellow.

                            Majestatic, Majestatal

   Maj`es*tat"ic  (?), Maj`es*tat"*al (?), a. Majestic. [Obs.] E. Pocock.
   Dr. J. Scott.


   Ma*jes"tic  (?),  a. [From Majesty.] Possessing or exhibiting majesty;
   of  august  dignity,  stateliness, or imposing grandeur; lofty; noble;
   grand.  "The  majestic  world."  Shak.  "Tethys'grave  majestic pace."

     The  least  portions  must  be of the epic kind; all must be grave,
     majestic, and sublime. Dryden

   .  Syn.  --  August;  splendid; grand; sublime; magnificent; imperial;
   regal; pompous; stately; lofty; dignified; elevated.

   Page 885


   Ma*jes"tic*al (?), a. Majestic. Cowley.

     An  older  architecture,  greater,  cunninger,  more majestical. M.

   -- Ma*jes"tic*al*ly, adv. -- Ma*jes"tic*al*ness, n.


   Ma*jes"tic*ness  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being majestic.


   Maj"es*ty (?), n.; pl. Majesties (#). [OE. magestee, F. majest\'82, L.
   majestas,  fr. an old compar. of magnus great. See Major, Master.] The
   dignity  and  authority  of  sovereign  power;  quality or state which
   inspires   awe   or  reverence;  grandeur;  exalted  dignity,  whether
   proceeding  from  rank,  character,  or  bearing;  imposing loftiness;
   stateliness; -- usually applied to the rank and dignity of sovereigns.

     The Lord reigneth; he is clothed with majesty. Ps. xciii. 1.

     No  sovereign  has ever represented the majesty of great state with
     more dignity and grace. Macaulay.

   2.  Hence,  used with the possessive pronoun, the title of an emperor,
   king  or  queen; -- in this sense taking a plural; as, their majesties
   attended the concert.

     In all the public writs which he [Emperor Charles V.] now issued as
     King  of  Spain,  he  assumed the title of Majesty, and required it
     from  his  subjects  as a mark of respect. Before that time all the
     monarchs  of Europe were satisfied with the appellation of Highness
     or Grace. Robertson.

   3. Dignity; elevation of manner or style. Dryden.


   Ma*jol"i*ca  (?),  n. [It.] A kind of pottery, with opaque glazing and
   showy,  which  reached  its  greatest  perfection in Italy in the 16th

     NOTE: &hand; The term is said to be derived from Majorca, which was
     an early seat of this manufacture.



   Ma"jor  (?),  [L.  major,  compar. of magnus great: cf. F. majeur. Cf.
   Master, Mayor, Magnitude, More, a.]

   1.  Greater  in number, quantity, or extent; as, the major part of the
   assembly;  the  major  part  of  the  revenue;  the  major part of the

   2. Of greater dignity; more important. Shak.

   3. Of full legal age. [Obs.]

   4.  (Mus.)  Greater by a semitone, either in interval or in difference
   of pitch from another tone.
   Major  axis  (Geom.), the greater axis. See Focus, n., 2. -- Major key
   (Mus.), a key in which one and two, two and three, four and five, five
   and  six  and seven, make major seconds, and three and four, and seven
   and eight, make minor seconds. -- Major offense (Law), an offense of a
   greater  degree which contains a lesser offense, as murder and robbery
   include assault. -- Major premise (Logic), that premise of a syllogism
   which  contains  the  major  term.  -- Major scale (Mus.), the natural
   diatonic  scale, which has semitones between the third and fourth, and
   seventh  and  fourth, and seventh and eighth degrees; the scale of the
   major  mode,  of which the third is major. See Scale, and Diatonic. --
   Major  second  (Mus.), a second between whose tones is a difference in
   pitch  of  a  step. -- Major sixth (Mus.), a sixth of four steps and a
   half  step.  In  major  keys the third and sixth from the key tone are
   major.  Major  keys  and  intervals, as distinguished from minors, are
   more  cheerful.  -- Major term (Logic), that term of a syllogism which
   forms  the predicate of the conclusion. -- Major third (Mus.), a third
   of two steps.


   Ma"jor, n. [F. major. See Major, a.]

   1.  (Mil.)  An  officer  next in rank above a captain and next below a
   lieutenant colonel; the lowest field officer.

   2. (Law) A person of full age.

   3.  (Logic)  That  premise  which  contains the major term. It its the
   first  proposition  of  a  regular  syllogism; as: No unholy person is
   qualified  for  happiness  in  heaven  [the  major].  Every man in his
   natural  state  is  unholy  [minor].  Therefore, no man in his natural
   state is qualified for happiness in heaven [conclusion or inference].

     NOTE: &hand; In  hy pothetical syllogisms, the hypothetical premise
     is called the major.

   4. [LL. See Major.] A mayor. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Ma`jo`rat"  (?), n. [F. majorat, LL. majoratus. See Major, a., and cf.

   1.  The right of succession to property according to age; -- so termed
   in some of the countries of continental Europe.

   2.  (French Law) Property, landed or funded, so attached to a title of
   honor as to descend with it.


   Ma"jor*ate (?), n. The office or rank of a major.


   Ma"jor*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [LL.  majorare to augment. See Major, a.] To
   augment; to increase. [Obs.] Howell.


   Ma`jor*a"tion (?), n. Increase; enlargement. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Ma*jor"can  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to Majorca. -- n. A native or
   inhabitant of Majorca.


   Ma`jor-do"mo  (?), n. [Sp. mayordomo, or It. maggiordomo; both fr. LL.
   majordomus;  L.  major greater + domus house.] A man who has authority
   to  act,  within  certain  limits,  as master of the house; a steward;
   also, a chief minister or officer.

                                 Major general

   Ma"jor gen"er*al (?). An officer of the army holding a rank next above
   that  of  brigadier general and next below that of lieutenant general,
   and who usually commands a division or a corps.


   Ma*jor"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Majorities (#). [F. majorit\'82. See Major.]

   1.  The  quality  or condition of being major or greater; superiority.
   Specifically:  (a)  The military rank of a major. (b) The condition of
   being of full age, or authorized by law to manage one's own affairs.

   2.  The  greater  number; more than half; as, a majority of mankind; a
   majority of the votes cast.

   3. [Cf. L. majores.] Ancestors; ancestry. [Obs.]

   4.  The  amount  or  number  by  which one aggregate exceeds all other
   aggregates  with  which  it  is  contrasted; especially, the number by
   which  the votes for a successful candidate exceed those for all other
   candidates; as, he is elected by a majority of five hundred votes. See
   To go over to, OR To join, the majority, to die.


   Ma"jor*ship (?), n. The office of major.


   Maj"oun (?), n. See Madjoun.


   Ma*jus"cu*l\'91  (?),  n.  pl.  [L.,  fem. pl. fr. majusculus somewhat
   greater  or  great, dim. of major, majus. See Major.] (Pal\'91ography)
   Capital  letters,  as  found  in  manuscripts of the sixth century and


   Ma*jus"cule  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. majuscule. See Majuscul\'91.] A capital
   letter; especially, one used in ancient manuscripts. See Majuscul\'91.
   Majuscule   writing,  writing  composed  wholly  of  capital  letters,
   especially  the  style which prevailed in Europe from the third to the
   sixth century.


   Mak"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being made.


   Mak"a*ron (?), n. See Macaroon, 2. [Obs.]


   Make  (?),  n.  [AS.  maca,  gemaca.  See Match.] A companion; a mate;
   often, a husband or a wife. [Obs.]

     For in this world no woman is Worthy to be my make. Chaucer.


   Make,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Made (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Making.] [OE.
   maken,  makien,  AS. macian; akin to OS. mak, OFries. makia, D. maken,
   G. machen, OHG. mahh to join, fit, prepare, make, Dan. mage. Cf. Match
   an equal.]

   1.  To  cause  to  exist; to bring into being; to form; to produce; to
   frame;  to  fashion;  to  create.  Hence,  in various specific uses or
   applications: (a) To form of materials; to cause to exist in a certain
   form; to construct; to fabricate.

     He  .  . . fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a
     molten calf. Ex. xxxii. 4.

   (b) To produce, as something artificial, unnatural, or false; -- often
   with up; as, to make up a story.

     And Art, with her contending, doth aspire To excel the natural with
     made delights. Spenser.

   (c)  To bring about; to bring forward; to be the cause or agent of; to
   effect,  do,  perform, or execute; -- often used with a noun to form a
   phrase  equivalent  to  the simple verb that corresponds to such noun;
   as,  to  make  complaint,  for  to complain; to make record of, for to
   record; to make abode, for to abide, etc.

     Call for Samson, that he may make us sport. Judg. xvi. 25.

     Wealth maketh many friends. Prov. xix. 4.

     I  will  neither  plead my age nor sickness in excuse of the faults
     which I have made. Dryden.

   (d)  To  execute  with  the requisite formalities; as, to make a bill,
   note, will, deed, etc. (e) To gain, as the result of one's efforts; to
   get,  as  profit;  to make acquisition of; to have accrue or happen to
   one;  as, to make a large profit; to make an error; to make a loss; to
   make money.

     He  accuseth  Neptune  unjustly  who makes shipwreck a second time.

   (f) To find, as the result of calculation or computation; to ascertain
   by  enumeration;  to  find  the  number  or  amount  of, by reckoning,
   weighing,  measurement,  and the like; as, he made the distance of; to
   travel  over;  as,  the  ship  makes  ten  knots  an hour; he made the
   distance  in  one day. (h) To put a desired or desirable condition; to
   cause to thrive.

     Who makes or ruins with a smile or frown. Dryden.

   2.  To  cause  to  be  or  become;  to put into a given state verb, or
   adjective;  to  constitute; as, to make known; to make public; to make

     Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? Ex. ii. 14.

     See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh. Ex. vii. 1.

     NOTE: &hand; When used reflexively with an adjective, the reflexive
     pronoun  is often omitted; as, to make merry; to make bold; to make
     free, etc.

   3.  To  cause  to appear to be; to constitute subjectively; to esteem,
   suppose, or represent.

     He is not that goose and ass that Valla would make him. Baker.

   4.  To  require;  to  constrain;  to  compel;  to  force; to cause; to
   occasion; -- followed by a noun or pronoun and infinitive.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e ac tive vo ice th e to  of  the infinitive is
     usually omitted.

     I will make them hear my words. Deut. iv. 10.

     They should be made to rise at their early hour. Locke.

   5.  To  become; to be, or to be capable of being, changed or fashioned
   into; to do the part or office of; to furnish the material for; as, he
   will  make a good musician; sweet cider makes sour vinegar; wool makes
   warm clothing.

     And old cloak makes a new jerkin. Shak.

   6.  To compose, as parts, ingredients, or materials; to constitute; to
   form; to amount to.

     The  heaven,  the  air,  the earth, and boundless sea, Make but one
     temple for the Deity. Waller.

   7. To be engaged or concerned in. [Obs.]

     Gomez,  what  makest  thou  here,  with a whole brotherhood of city
     bailiffs? Dryden.

   8.  To  reach;  to  attain; to arrive at or in sight of. "And make the
   Libyan shores." Dryden.

     They  that  sail in the middle can make no land of either side. Sir
     T. Browne.

   To  make  a  bed, to prepare a bed for being slept on, or to put it in
   order.  --  To make a card (Card Playing), to take a trick with it. --
   To  make  account.  See  under  Account,  n. -- To make account of, to
   esteem;  to  regard.  --  To  make away. (a) To put out of the way; to
   kill; to destroy. [Obs.]

     If  a child were crooked or deformed in body or mind, they made him
     away. Burton.

   (b)  To alienate; to transfer; to make over. [Obs.] Waller. -- To make
   believe,  to  pretend; to feign; to simulate. -- To make bold, to take
   the  liberty;  to  venture.  --  To  make the cards (Card Playing), to
   shuffle  the pack. -- To make choice of, to take by way of preference;
   to  choose.  -- To make danger, to make experiment. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.
   --  To make default (Law), to fail to appear or answer. -- To make the
   doors, to shut the door. [Obs.]

     Make the doors upon a woman's wit, and it will out at the casement.

   -  To  make  free  with. See under Free, a. -- To make good. See under
   Good. -- To make head, to make headway. -- To make light of. See under
   Light,  a.  --  To  make little of. (a) To belittle. (b) To accomplish
   easily.  --  To  make  love to. See under Love, n. -- To make meat, to
   cure  meat  in the open air. [Colloq. Western U. S.] -- To make merry,
   to  feast;  to  be joyful or jovial. -- To make much of, to treat with
   much  consideration,,  attention,  or fondness; to value highly. -- To
   make no bones. See under Bone, n. -- To make no difference, to have no
   weight  or  influence;  to  be a matter of indifference. -- To make no
   doubt,  to  have  no doubt. -- To make no matter, to have no weight or
   importance; to make no difference. -- To make oath (Law), to swear, as
   to the truth of something, in a prescribed form of law. -- To make of.
   (a) To understand or think concerning; as, not to know what to make of
   the  news. (b) To pay attention to; to cherish; to esteem; to account.
   "Makes  she  no  more of me than of a slave." Dryden. -- To make one's
   law  (Old Law), to adduce proof to clear one's self of a charge. -- To
   make  out.  (a) To find out; to discover; to decipher; as, to make out
   the meaning of a letter. (b) To prove; to establish; as, the plaintiff
   was unable to make out his case. (c) To make complete or exact; as, he
   was  not  able to make out the money. -- To make over, to transfer the
   title of; to convey; to alienate; as, he made over his estate in trust
   or  in  fee.  -- To make sail. (Naut.) (a) To increase the quantity of
   sail already extended. (b) To set sail. -- To make shift, to manage by
   expedients;  as,  they  made  shift to do without it. [Colloq.]. -- To
   make  sternway,  to  move  with  the  stern  foremost;  to go or drift
   backward.  -- To make strange, to act in an unfriendly manner or as if
   surprised;  to  treat  as strange; as, to make strange of a request or
   suggestion.  --  To make suit to, to endeavor to gain the favor of; to
   court.  -- To make sure. See under Sure. -- To make up. (a) To collect
   into  a  sum  or mass; as, to make up the amount of rent; to make up a
   bundle  or  package.  (b)  To  reconcile; to compose; as, to make up a
   difference  or quarrel. (c) To supply what is wanting in; to complete;
   as,  a dollar is wanted to make up the stipulated sum. (d) To compose,
   as  from ingredients or parts; to shape, prepare, or fabricate; as, to
   make up a mass into pills; to make up a story.

     He was all made up of love and charms! Addison.

   (e) To compensate; to make good; as, to make up a loss. (f) To adjust,
   or  to  arrange  for settlement; as, to make up accounts. (g) To dress
   and paint for a part, as an actor; as, he was well made up. -- To make
   up  a  face, to distort the face as an expression of pain or derision.
   -- To make up one's mind, to reach a mental determination; to resolve.
   -- To make water. (a) (Naut.) To leak. (b) To urinate. -- To make way,
   OR  To make one's way. (a) To make progress; to advance. (b) To open a
   passage; to clear the way. -- To make words, to multiply words.


   Make (?), v. i.

   1. To act in a certain manner; to have to do; to manage; to interfere;
   to be active; -- often in the phrase to meddle or make. [Obs.]

     A scurvy, jack-a-nape priest to meddle or make. Shak.

   2.  To  proceed; to tend; to move; to go; as, he made toward home; the
   tiger made at the sportsmen.

     NOTE: &hand; Fo rmerly, au thors used to make on, to make forth, to
     make about; but these phrases are obsolete. We now say, to make at,
     to make away, to make for, to make off, to make toward, etc.

   3. To tend; to contribute; to have effect; -- with for or against; as,
   it makes for his advantage. M. Arnold.

     Follow after the things which make for peace. Rom. xiv. 19.

     Considerations infinite Do make against it. Shak.

   4. To increase; to augment; to accrue.

   5.  To compose verses; to write poetry; to versify. [Archaic] Chaucer.

     To solace him some time, as I do when I make. P. Plowman.

   To  make  as  if,  OR To make as though, to pretend that; to make show
   that; to make believe (see under Make, v. t.).

     Joshua  and all Israel made as if they were beaten before them, and
     fled. Josh. viii. 15.

     My  lord of London maketh as though he were greatly displeased with
     me. Latimer.

   --  To  make  at,  to  go  toward  hastily, or in a hostile manner; to
   attack.  --  To  make  away with. (a) To carry off. (b) To transfer or
   alienate;  hence,  to spend; to dissipate. (c) To kill; to destroy. --
   To  make  off,  to go away suddenly. -- To make out, to succeed; to be
   able  at  last;  to  make  shift;  as,  he  made  out to reconcile the
   contending  parties.  -- To make up, to become reconciled or friendly.
   --  To make up for, to compensate for; to supply an equivalent for. --
   To  make  up to. (a) To approach; as, a suspicious boat made up to us.
   (b)  To  pay  addresses  to;  to  make love to. -- To make up with, to
   become  reconciled  to.  [Colloq.] -- To make with, to concur or agree
   with. Hooker.


   Make,  n.  Structure,  texture,  constitution  of parts; construction;
   shape; form.

     It  our  perfection  of so frail a make As every plot can undermine
     and shake? Dryden.

   On  the  make,bent upon making great profits; greedy of gain. [Low, U.


   Make"bate`  (?),  n.  [Make,  v.  +  bate  a quarrel.] One who excites
   contentions and quarrels. [Obs.]


   Make"-be*lief`  (?),  n.  A  feigning  to believe; make believe. J. H.


   Make"-be*lieve`  (?),  n.  A  feigning  to  believe, as in the play of
   children;  a  mere  pretense;  a  fiction;  an  invention.  "Childlike
   make-believe." Tylor.

     To forswear self-delusion and make-believe. M. Arnold.


   Make"-be*lieve`,  a.Feigned;  insincere.  "Make-believe reverence."<--
   imaginary --> G. Eliot.


   Mak"ed (?), obs. p. p. of Make. Made. Chaucer.


   Make"-game` (?), n. An object of ridicule; a butt. Godwin.


   Make"less, a. [See 1st Make, and cf. Matchless, Mateless.]

   1. Matchless. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. Without a mate. Shak.


   Make"-peace` (-p&emac;s`) n. A peacemaker. [R.] Shak.


   Mak"er (m&amac;k"&etil;r) n.,

   1.  One  who makes, forms, or molds; a manufacturer; specifically, the

     The universal Maker we may praise. Milton.

   2. (Law) The person who makes a promissory note.

   3. One who writes verses; a poet. [Obs.]

     NOTE: &hand; "T he Gr eeks na med the poet poihth`s, which name, as
     the most excellent, hath gone through other languages. It cometh of
     this  word  poiei^n,  make;  wherein, I know not whether by luck or
     wisdom,  we  Englishmen  have  met well the Greeks in calling him a

   Sir P. Sidney.

   Page 886


   Make"shift`  (?),  n.  That  with  which  one makes shift; a temporary
   expedient. James Mill.

     I am not a model clergyman, only a decent makeshift. G. Eliot.


   Make"-up`  (?),  n.  The  way  in  which the parts of anything are put
   together;  often, the way in which an actor is dressed, painted, etc.,
   in personating a character.

     The  unthinking masses are necessarily teleological in their mental
     make-up. L. F. Ward.


   Make"weight`  (,  n. That which is thrown into a scale to make weight;
   something  of  little  account  added to supply a deficiency or fill a


   Ma"ki (?), n. [F., from native name.] (Zo\'94l.) A lemur. See Lemur.


   Mak"ing (?), n.

   1.  The  act of one who makes; workmanship; fabrication; construction;
   as,  this  is cloth of your own making; the making of peace or war was
   in his power.

   2. Composition, or structure.

   3. a poem.[Obs.] Sir J. Davies.

   4. That which establishes or places in a desirable state or condition;
   the  material of which something may be made; as, early misfortune was
   the making of him.

   5. External appearance; from. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mak"ing-i`ron  (?),  n. A tool somewhat like a chisel with a groove in
   it,  used  by calkers of ships to finish the seams after the oakum has
   been driven in.


   Mak"ing-up` (?), n.

   1. The act of bringing spirits to a certain degree of strength, called

   2. The act of becoming reconciled or friendly.


   Mal- (?). A prefix in composition denoting ill,or evil, F. male, adv.,
   fr.  malus,  bad,  ill.  In  some  words  it has the form male-, as in
   malediction, malevolent. See Malice.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e fo rmmale- is  chiefly used in cases where the c,
     either  alone  or  with  other letters, is pronounced as a separate
     syllable,  as  in  malediction,  malefactor, maleficent, etc. Where
     this   is  not  the  case,  as  in  malfeasance  or  male-feasance,
     malformation  or  male-formation,  etc.,  as also where the word to
     which   it   is   prefixed   commences   with   a   vowel,   as  in
     maladministration, etc., the form malis to be preferred, and is the
     one commonly employed.


   Ma"la  (?),  n.;  pl.  of  Malum. [L.] Evils; wrongs; offenses against
   right  and  law.  Mala  in se [L.] (Law), offenses which are such from
   their  own  nature,  at  common  law, irrespective of statute. -- Mala
   prohibita [L.] (Law), offenses prohibited by statute, as distinguished
   from mala in se, which are offenses at common law.
   Mal"a*bar`  (?),  n.  A region in the western part of the Peninsula of
   India, between the mountains and the sea. Malabar nut (Bot.), the seed
   of  an  East Indian acanthaceous shrub, the Adhatoda Vasica, sometimes
   used medicinally.


   Mal`a*ca*tune" (?), n. See Melocoton.


   Ma*lac"ca  (?),  n. A town and district upon the seacoast of the Malay
   Peninsula. Malacca cane (Bot.), a cane obtained from a species of palm
   of  the  genus  Calamus  (C.  Scipionum),  and of a brown color, often
   mottled. The plant is a native of Cochin China, Sumatra, and Malays.


   Mal"a*chite  (?),  n.  [Fr.  Gr. malachite. Cf. Mallow.] (Min.) Native
   hydrous  carbonate  of  copper,  usually occurring in green mammillary
   masses with concentric fibrous structure.

     NOTE: &hand; Green malachite, or malachite proper, admits of a high
     polish,  and is sometimes used for ornamental work. Blue malachite,
     or azurite, is a related species of a deep blue color.

   Malachite green. See Emerald green, under Green, n.


   Mal`a*cis"sant  (?),  a.  [See  Malacissation.]  Softening;  relaxing.


   Mal`a*cis*sa"tion (?), n. [L. malacissare to make soft, Gr. The act of
   making soft or supple. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Mal`a*cob*del"la (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of nemertean
   worms,  parasitic in the gill cavity of clams and other bivalves. They
   have  a  large  posterior sucker, like that of a leech. See Illust. of


   Mal"a*co*derm  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  a tribe of beetles
   (Malacodermata), with a soft and flexible body, as the fireflies.


   Mal"a*co*lite (?), n. [Gr. -lite.] (Min.) A variety of pyroxene.


   Mal`a*col"o*gist (?), n. One versed in the science of malacology.


   Mal`a*col"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr. -logy: cf. F. malacologie.] The science
   which relates to the structure and habits of mollusks.


   Mal`a*cop"o*da (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. -poda.] (Zo\'94l.) A class of
   air-breathing   Arthropoda;   --   called   also   Protracheata,   and

     NOTE: &hand; Th ey so mewhat re semble my riapods, an d ha ve fr om
     seventeen to thirty-three pairs of short, imperfectly jointed legs,
     two pairs of simple jaws, and a pair of antenn\'91. The tranche\'91
     are connected with numerous spiracles scattered over the surface of
     the body. Peripatus is the only known genus. See Peripatus.


   Mal`a*cop`ter*yg"i*an  (?), n. [Cf. F. malacopt\'82rygien.] (Zo\'94l.)
   One of the Malacopterygii.


   Mal`a*cop`te*ryg"i*i  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An order of
   fishes  in which the fin rays, except the anterior ray of the pectoral
   and  dorsal  fins, are closely jointed, and not spiny. It includes the
   carp, pike, salmon, shad, etc. Called also Malacopteri.


   Mal`a*cop`ter*yg"i*ous   (?),   a.   (Zo\'94l.)   Belonging   to   the


   Mal`a*cos"te*on (?), n. [NL., Gr. fr. (Med.) A peculiar disease of the
   bones,  in  consequence  of  which they become softened and capable of
   being bent without breaking.


   Mal`a*cos"to*mous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) Having soft jaws without
   teeth, as certain fishes.


   Mal`a*cos"tra*ca  (?),  n. pl. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A subclass of
   Crustacea,  including  Arthrostraca  and  Thoracostraca,  or all those
   higher than the Entomostraca.


   Mal`a*cos"tra*can (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Malacostraca.


   Mal`a*cos`tra*col"o*gy (?), n. [Malacostracan + -logy.] That branch of
   zo\'94logical science which relates to the crustaceans; -- called also


   Mal`a*cos"tra*cous (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Belonging to the Malacostraca.


   Mal`a*co*toon" (?), n. (Bot.) See Melocoton.


   Mal`a*co*zo"a  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An extensive group
   of  Invertebrata,  including  the  Mollusca, Brachiopoda, and Bryozoa.
   Called also Malacozoaria.


   Mal`a*co*zo"ic (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Malacozoa.


   Mal`ad*dress"  (?),  n.  [Mal-  +  address.]  Bad address; an awkward,
   tactless, or offensive way of accosting one or talking with one. W. D.


   Mal`ad*just"ment (?), n. [Mal- + adjustment.] A bad adjustment.


   Mal`ad*min`is*tra"tion   (?),   n.   [Mal-   +   administration.]  Bad
   administration;  bad  management of any business, especially of public
   affairs. [Written also maleadministration.]


   Mal`a*droit" (?), a. [F. See Malice, and Adroit.] Of a quality opposed
   to adroitness; clumsy; awkward; unskillful. -- Mal"a*droit`ly, adv. --
   Mal`a*droit"ness, n.


   Mal"a*dy (?), n.; pl. Maladies (#). [F. maladie, fr. malade ill, sick,
   OF.  also,  malabde, fr. L. male habitus, i. e., ill-kept, not in good
   condition. See Malice, and Habit.]

   1.   Any  disease  of  the  human  body;  a  distemper,  disorder,  or
   indisposition,  proceeding from impaired, defective, or morbid organic
   functions; especially, a lingering or deep-seated disorder.

     The  maladies  of  the  body  may  prove  medicines  to  the  mind.

   2. A moral or mental defect or disorder.

     Love's a malady without a cure. Dryden.

   Syn.  -- Disorder; distemper; sickness; ailment; disease; illness. See


   Mal"a*ga (?), n. A city and a province of Spain, on the Mediterranean.
   Hence, Malaga grapes, Malaga raisins, Malaga wines.


   Mal`a*gash" (?), n. Same as Malagasy.


   Mal`a*gas"y  (?),  n.  sing.  & pl. A native or natives of Madagascar;
   also (sing.), the language.


   Ma`laise"  (?), n. [F., fr. mal ill + aise ease.] (Med.) An indefinite
   feeling of uneasiness, or of being sick or ill at ease.


   Ma*lam"ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of malamic acid.


   Ma*lam"bo  (?),  n.  [Pg.] A yellowish aromatic bark, used in medicine
   and  perfumery,  said  to  be  from  the  South  American shrub Croton


   Mal`am*eth"ane (?), n. [Malamic + ethane.] (Chem.) A white crystalline
   substance forming the ethyl salt of malamic acid.


   Ma*lam"ic  (?),  a.  [Malic  + amic.] (Chem.) Of or pertaining an acid
   intermediate  between  malic  acid and malamide, and known only by its


   Ma*lam"ide  (?),  n.  [Malic  + amide.] (Chem.) The acid amide derived
   from  malic  acid,  as  a  white  crystalline substance metameric with


   Mal"an*ders  (?),  n.  pl. [F. malandres, fr. L. malandria blisters or
   pustules  on the neck, especially in horses.] (Far.) A scurfy eruption
   in  the  bend  of the knee of the fore leg of a horse. See Sallenders.
   [Written also mallenders.]


   Mal"a*pert (?), a. [OF. malapert unskillful, ill-taught, ill-bred; mal
   ill + apert open, adroit, intelligent, L. apertus, p. p. of aperire to
   open. See Malice, and Aperient.] Bold; forward; impudent; saucy; pert.
   Shak. -- n. A malapert person.

     Are  you  growing  malapert!  Will  you  force me to make use of my
     authority ? Dryden.

   -- Mal"a*pert`ly, adv. -- Mal"a*pert`ness, n.


   Mal"a*prop*ism  (?), n. [From Mrs. Malaprop, a character in Sheridan's
   drama,  " The Rivals," who makes amusing blunders in her use of words.
   See Malapropos.] A grotesque misuse of a word; a word so used.


   Mal*ap"ro*pos`  (?),  a.  &  adv. [F. mal \'85 propos; mal evil + \'85
   propos  to  the  purpose.] Unseasonable or unseasonably; unsuitable or


   Mal*ap`te*ru"rus  (?), n. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of African
   siluroid  fishes,  including the electric catfishes. See Electric cat,
   under Electric.


   Ma"lar  (?),  a.  [L.  mala  the cheek: cf. F. malaire.] (Anat.) Of or
   pertaining  to  the  region  of  the cheek bone, or to the malar bone;


   Ma"lar (?), n. (Anat.) The cheek bone, which forms a part of the lower
   edge of the orbit.


   Ma*la"ri*a  (?), n. [It., contr. fr. malaaria bad air. See Malice, and

   1.  Air  infected  with  some noxious substance capable of engendering
   disease;  esp.,  an unhealthy exhalation from certain soils, as marshy
   or wet lands, producing fevers; miasma.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e mo rbific agent in malaria is supposed by some to
     be  a  vegetable  microbe or its spores, and by others to be a very
     minute animal blood parasite (an infusorian).

   2.  (Med.)  A  morbid  condition produced by exhalations from decaying
   vegetable  matter  in  contact with moisture, giving rise to fever and
   ague  and many other symptoms characterized by their tendency to recur
   at definite and usually uniform intervals.

                         Malarial, Malarian, Malarious

   Ma*la"ri*al   (?),   Ma*la"ri*an  (?),  Ma*la"ri*ous  (?),  a.  Of  or
   pertaining, to or infected by, malaria. Malarial fever (Med.), a fever
   produced  by  malaria,  and characterized by the occurrence of chills,
   fever,  and  sweating  in distinct paroxysms, At intervals of definite
   and  often uniform duration, in which these symptoms are wholly absent
   (intermittent  fever),  or  only partially so (remittent fever); fever
   and ague; chills and fever.
   Ma`la*sha"ga*nay  (?),  n.  [Indian  name.] (Zo\'94l.) The fresh-water
   drumfish (Haploidonotus grunniens).
   Mal`as*sim`i*la"tion  (?),  n.  [Mal-  + assimilation.] (Physiol.) (a)
   Imperfect  digestion  of the several leading constituents of the food.
   (b)  An  imperfect elaboration by the tissues of the materials brought
   to them by the blood.
   Ma"late  (?), n. [L. malum apple: cf. F. malate. See Malic.] (Chem.) A
   salt of malic acid. 

                                Malax, Malaxate

   Ma"lax  (?),  Ma*lax"ate  (?),  v. t. [L. malaxare, malaxatum, cf. Gr.
   malaxer.]  To  soften  by  kneading  or  stirring  with  some  thinner
   substance. [R.]


   Mal`ax*a"tion  (?),  n.  [L. malaxatio: cf. F. malaxation.] The act of
   softening  by  mixing  with  a  thinner  substance;  the  formation of
   ingredients into a mass for pills or plasters. [R.]


   Mal"ax*a`tor  (?),  n.  One  who,  or  that  which, malaxates; esp., a
   machine  for  grinding,  kneading,  or stirring into a pasty or doughy
   mass. [R.]


   Ma*lay"  (?),  n. One of a race of a brown or copper complexion in the
   Malay Peninsula and the western islands of the Indian Archipelago.

                                Malay, Malayan

   Ma*lay" (?), Ma*lay"an (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Malays or their
   country.  --  n.  The Malay language. Malay apple (Bot.), a myrtaceous
   tree (Eugenia Malaccensis) common in India; also, its applelike fruit.


   Ma"la*ya"lam  (?),  n.  The name given to one the cultivated Dravidian
   languages, closely related to the Tamil. Yule.


   Mal"brouck  (?),  n.  [F.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A West African arboreal monkey
   (Cercopithecus cynosurus).


   Mal*con`for*ma"tion   (?),   n.   [Mal-  +  conformation.]  Imperfect,
   disproportionate,  or  abnormal  formation; ill form; disproportion of


   Mal"con*tent`  (?),  a.  [F.,  fr.  mal  ill  +  content.  See Malice,
   Content.] discontented; uneasy; dissatisfied; especially, dissatisfied
   with the government. [Written also malecontent.]

     The famous malcontent earl of Leicester. Milner.


   Mal"con*tent`, n. [F. malcontent.] One who discontented; especially, a
   discontented  subject  of a government; one who express his discontent
   by words or overt acts. Spenser. Berkeley.


   Mal`con*tent"ed  (?),  a.  Malcontent.  -- Mal`con*tent"ed*ly, adv. --
   Mal`con*tent"ed*ness, n.


   Mal*da"ni*an  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any species of marine annelids of the
   genus  Maldane,  or  family  Maldanid\'91.  They have a slender, round
   body, and make tubes in the sand or mud.


   Male- (?). See Mal-.


   Male  (?),  a.  [L.  malus.  See  Malice.]  Evil;  wicked; bad. [Obs.]


   Male, n. Same as Mail, a bag. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Male,  a.  [F.  m\'83le,  OF.  masle,  mascle,  fr.  L. masculus male,
   masculine, dim. of mas a male; possibly akin to E. man. Cf. Masculine,
   Marry, v. t.]

   1. Of or pertaining to the sex that begets or procreates young, or (in
   a  wider sense) to the sex that produces spermatozoa, by which the ova
   are fertilized; not female; as, male organs.

   2.  (Bot.)  Capable  of  producing  fertilization,  but not of bearing
   fruit;  -- said of stamens and antheridia, and of the plants, or parts
   of plants, which bear them.

   3.  Suitable  to the male sex; characteristic or suggestive of a male;
   masculine; as, male courage.

   4. Consisting of males; as, a male choir.

   5.  (Mech.)  Adapted  for  entering  another  corresponding piece (the
   female piece) which is hollow and which it fits; as, a male gauge, for
   gauging the size or shape of a hole; a male screw, etc.
   Male  berry  (Bot.),  a  kind  of  coffee. See Pea berry. -- Male fern
   (Bot.),  a  fern of the genus Aspidium (A. Filixmas), used in medicine
   as  an  anthelmintic, esp. against the tapeworm. Aspidium marginale in
   America,  and  A.  athamanticum  in  South  Africa,  are  used as good
   substitutes  for  the  male fern in medical practice. See Female fern,
   under  Female. -- Male rhyme, a rhyme in which only the last syllables
   agree,  as  laid, afraid, dismayed. See Female rhyme, under Female. --
   Male  screw  (Mech.),  a  screw having threads upon its exterior which
   enter  the  grooves  upon  the inside of a corresponding nut or female
   screw. -- Male thread, the thread of a male screw.


   Male, n.

   1. An animal of the male sex.

   2. (Bot.) A plant bearing only staminate flowers.


   Nale`ad*min`is*tra"tion (?), n. Maladministration.


   Ma*le"ate (?), n. A salt of maleic acid.


   Male*branch"ism  (?),  n.  The philosophical system of Malebranche, an
   eminent  French  metaphysician. The fundamental doctrine of his system
   is that the mind can not have knowledge of anything external to itself
   except in its relation to God.

   Page 887


   Male*con`for*ma"tion (?), n. Malconformation.


   Male"con*tent` (?), a. Malcontent.


   Mal`e*di"cen*cy  (?),  n.  [L.  maledicentia.  See  Maledicent.]  Evil
   speaking. [Obs.] Atterbury.


   Mal`e*di"cent  (?),  a.  [L. maledicens, p. pr. of maledicere to speak
   ill;  male  ill  +  dicere  to  say,  speak. See Malice, and Diction.]
   Speaking reproachfully; slanderous. [Obs.] Sir E. Sandys.


   Mal"e*dict  (?),  a.  [L.  maledictus, p. p. of maledicere.] Accursed;
   abominable. [R.]


   Mal`e*dic"tion,   n.   [L.  maledictio:  cf.  F.  mal\'82diction.  See
   Maledicent.]  A  proclaiming  of  evil  against  some  one; a cursing;
   imprecation; a curse or execration; -- opposed to benediction.

     No malediction falls from his tongue. Longfellow.

   Syn.   --   Cursing;  curse;  execration;  imprecation;  denunciation;
   anathema.  -- Malediction, Curse, Imprecation, Execration. Malediction
   is  the  most  general  term,  denoting bitter reproach, or wishes and
   predictions  of  evil.  Curse  implies  the  desire or threat of evil,
   declared  upon  oath  or  in  the  most  solemn manner. Imprecation is
   literally  the  praying  down  of  evil  upon  a person. Execration is
   literally  a  putting  under the ban of excommunication, a curse which
   excludes  from  the  kingdom of God. In ordinary usage, the last three
   words describe profane swearing, execration being the strongest.


   Mal`e*fac"tion  (?), n. [See Malefactor.] A crime; an offense; an evil
   deed. [R.] Shak.


   Mal`e*fac"tor (?), n. [L., fr. malefacere to do evil; male ill, evil +
   facere to do. See Malice, and Fact.]

   1.  An  evil  doer;  one  who  commits  a crime; one subject to public
   prosecution and punishment; a criminal.

   2.  One  who  does wrong by injuring another, although not a criminal.
   [Obs.] H. Brooke. Fuller. Syn. -- Evil doer; criminal; culprit; felon;


   Mal`e*fac"tress (?), n. A female malefactor. Hawthorne.


   Male*fea"sance (?), n. See Malfeasance.


   Ma*lef"ic   (?),   a.   [L.   maleficus:   cf.  F.  mal\'82fique.  See
   Malefaction.]   Doing  mischief;  causing  harm  or  evil;  nefarious;
   hurtful. [R.] Chaucer.


   Mal"e*fice   (?),   n.   [L.   maleficium:  cf.  F.  mal\'82fice.  See
   Malefactor.] An evil deed; artifice; enchantment. [Obs.]


   Ma*lef"i*cence (?), n. [L. maleficentia. Cf. Malfeasance.] Evil doing,
   esp. to others.


   Ma*lef"i*cent  (?),  a.  [See Malefic.] Doing evil to others; harmful;


   Mal`e*fi"cial (?), a. Injurious. Fuller.


   Mal`e*fi"ci*ate  (?), v. t. [LL. maleficiatus, p. p. of maleficiare to
   bewitch, fr. L. maleficium. See Malefice.] To bewitch; to harm. [Obs.]


   Mal`e*fi`ci*a"tion (?), n. A bewitching. [Obs.]


   Mal`e*fi"cience (?), n. [See Maleficence.] The doing of evil, harm, or


   Mal`e*fi"cient   (?),  a.  [See  Maleficent.]  Doing  evil,  harm,  or


   Male`for*ma"tion (?), n. See Malformation.


   Ma*le"ic  (?),  a. [Cf. F. mal\'82ique. See Malic.] (Chem.) Pertaining
   to,  or  designating,  an  acid of the ethylene series, metameric with
   fumaric acid and obtained by heating malic acid.


   Ma*len"gine  (?),  n.  [OF.  malengin;  L.  malus bad, evil + ingenium
   natural capacity. See Engine.] Evil machination; guile; deceit. [Obs.]


   Ma"le*o  (?),  n. [From its native name.] (Zo\'94l.) A bird of Celebes
   (megacephalon  maleo),  allied to the brush turkey. It makes mounds in
   which to lay its eggs.


   Male-o"dor (?), n. See Malodor.


   Male*prac"tice (?), n. See Malpractice.


   Male"-spir`it*ed  (?),  a.  Having  the  spirit  of  a male; vigorous;
   courageous. [R.] B. Jonson.


   Mal"et  (?), n. [F. mallette, dim. of malle. See Mail a bag.] A little
   bag or budget. [Obs.] Shelton.


   Male*treat" (?), v. t. See Maltreat.


   Ma*lev"o*lence  (?), n. [L. malevolentia. See Malevolent.] The quality
   or  state  of  being  malevolent;  evil  disposition  toward  another;
   inclination to injure others; ill will. See Synonym of Malice.


   Ma*lev"o*lent  (?),  a.  [L. malevolens, -entis; male ill + volens, p.
   pr.  of  velle  to  be  willing  or disposed, to wish. See Malice, and
   Voluntary.]  Wishing  evil;  disposed  to  injure others; rejoicing in
   another's  misfortune.  Syn.  --  Ill-disposed;  envious; mischievous;
   evil-minded; spiteful; malicious; malignant; rancorous.


   Ma*lev"o*lent*ly, adv. In a malevolent manner.


   Ma*lev"o*lous  (?),  a.  [L.  malevolus;  fr.  male  ill + velle to be
   disposed.] Malevolent. [Obs.] Bp. Warburton.


   Mal*ex`e*cu"tion  (?),  n.  [Mal-  +  execution.]  Bad  execution.  D.


   Ma*le"yl  (?),  n.  [Maleic  +  -yl.]  (Chem.)  A hypothetical radical
   derived from maleic acid.


   Mal*fea"sance (?), n. [F. malfaisance, fr. malfaisant injurious, doing
   ill; mal ill, evil + faisant doing, p. pr. of faire to do. See Malice,
   Feasible,  and  cf.  Maleficence.]  (Law)  The doing of an act which a
   person  ought  not to do; evil conduct; an illegal deed. [Written also


   Mal`for*ma"tion  (?), n. [Mal- + forniation.] Ill formation; irregular
   or anomalous formation; abnormal or wrong conformation or structure.


   Mal*gra"cious  (?),  a.  [F.  malgracieux.] Not graceful; displeasing.
   [Obs.] Gower.


   Mal"gre (?), prep. See Mauger.


   Ma"lic (?), a. [L. malum an apple: cf. F. malique.] (Chem.) Pertaining
   to,  or  obtained  from, apples; as, malic acid. Malic acid, a hydroxy
   acid  obtained  as  a  substance  which is sirupy or crystallized with
   difficulty,  and  has  a  strong but pleasant sour taste. It occurs in
   many  fruits, as in green apples, currants, etc. It is levorotatory or
   dextrorotatory  according  to  the  temperature  and concentration. An
   artificial variety is a derivative of succinic acid, but has no action
   on  polarized  light,  and  thus  malic  acid  is a remarkable case of
   physical isomerism. <-- HO.CO.CH2.CH(OH).CO.OH the natural form is the
   L-  isomer.  The  synthetic  is  inactive  presumably  due simply to a
   racemic mixture of isomers. -->


   Mal"ice (?), n. [F. malice, fr. L. malitia, from malus bad, ill, evil,
   prob. orig., dirty, black; cf. Gr. mala dirt. Cf. Mauger.]

   1. Enmity of heart; malevolence; ill will; a spirit delighting in harm
   or misfortune to another; a disposition to injure another; a malignant
   design of evil. "Nor set down aught in malice." Shak.

     Envy,  hatred,  and malice are three distinct passions of the mind.
     Ld. Holt.

   2.  (Law)  Any wicked or mischievous intention of the mind; a depraved
   inclination to mischief; an intention to vex, annoy, or injure another
   person, or to do a wrongful act without just cause or cause or excuse;
   a wanton disregard of the rights or safety of others; willfulness.
   Malice  aforethought  OR  prepense, malice previously and deliberately
   entertained.  Syn.  --  Spite;  ill  will; malevolence; grudge; pique;
   bitterness;  animosity;  malignity;  maliciousness; rancor; virulence.
   See Spite. -- Malevolence, Malignity, Malignancy. Malice is a stronger
   word  than  malevolence,  which  may imply only a desire that evil may
   befall another, while malice desires, and perhaps intends, to bring it
   about.  Malignity  is  intense  and  deepseated  malice.  It implies a
   natural  delight  in  hating and wronging others. One who is malignant
   must  be  both  malevolent  and  malicious; but a man may be malicious
   without being malignant.

     Proud  tyrants  who  maliciously  destroy  And ride o'er ruins with
     malignant joy. Somerville.

     in  some  connections,  malignity  seems  rather  more  pertinently
     applied  to  a  radical  depravity  of  nature,  and  malignancy to
     indications  of this depravity, in temper and conduct in particular
     instances. Cogan.


   Mal"ice, v. t. To regard with extreme ill will. [Obs.]


   Mal"i*cho  (?), n. [Sp. malhecho; mal bad + hecho deed, L. factum. See
   Fact.] Mischief. [Obs.] Shak.


   Ma*li"cious  (?),  a.  [Of. malicius, F. malicieux, fr. L. malitiosus.
   See Malice.]

   1. Indulging or exercising malice; harboring ill will or enmity.

     I  grant him bloody, . . . Sudden, malicious, smacking of every sin
     That has a name. Shak.

   2.  Proceeding  from  hatred  or  ill  will; dictated by malice; as, a
   malicious report; malicious mischief.

   3. (Law)With wicked or mischievous intentions or motives; wrongful and
   done intentionally without just cause or excuse; as, a malicious act.
   Malicious abandonment, the desertion of a wife or husband without just
   cause.  Burrill.  -- Malicious mischief (Law), malicious injury to the
   property  of  another;  --  an  offense  at  common  law.  Wharton. --
   Malicious prosecution OR arrest (Law), a wanton prosecution or arrest,
   by regular process in a civil or criminal proceeding, without probable
   cause.   Bouvier.  Syn.  --  Ill-disposed;  evil-minded;  mischievous;
   envious;   malevolent;   invidious;   spiteful;   bitter;   malignant;
   rancorous; malign. -- Ma*li"cious*ly, adv. -- Ma*li"cious*ness, n.


   Ma*lign"  (?), a. [L. malignus, for maligenus, i. e., of a bad kind or
   nature; malus bad + the root of genus birth, race, kind: cf. F. malin,
   masc., maligne, fem. See Malice, Gender, and cf. Benign, Malignant.]

   1. Having an evil disposition toward others; harboring violent enmity;
   malevolent; malicious; spiteful; -- opposed to benign.

     Witchcraft may be by operation of malign spirits. Bacon.

   2.  Unfavorable;  unpropitious;  pernicious;  tending to injure; as, a
   malign aspect of planets.

   3. Malignant; as, a malign ulcer. [R.] Bacon.


   Ma*lign",  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Maligned  (?);  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Maligning.]  [Cf.  L. malignare. See Malign, a.] To treat with malice;
   to show hatred toward; to abuse; to wrong; to injure. [Obs.]

     The people practice what mischiefs and villainies they will against
     private men, whom they malign by stealing their goods, or murdering
     them. Spenser.

   2.  To  speak  great  evil  of;  to traduce; to defame; to slander; to
   vilify; to asperse.

     To  be  envied  and  shot  at;  to  be maligned standing, and to be
     despised falling. South.


   Ma*lign", v. i. To entertain malice. [Obs.]

                            Malignance, Malignancy

   Ma*lig"nance (?), Ma*lig"nan*cy , n. [See Malignant.]

   1.  The  state  or  quality  of  being malignant; extreme malevolence;
   bitter enmity; malice; as, malignancy of heart.

   2. Unfavorableness; evil nature.

     The malignancy of my fate might perhaps distemner yours. Shak.

   3.  (Med.) Virulence; tendency to a fatal issue; as, the malignancy of
   an ulcer or of a fever.

   4.  The  state  of  being  a  malignant.  Syn. -- Malice; malevolence;
   malignity. See Malice.


   Ma*lig"nant  (?),  a.  [L.  malignans,  -antis,  p.  pr. of malignare,
   malignari, to do or make maliciously. See Malign, and cf. Benignant.]

   1. Disposed to do harm, inflict suffering, or cause distress; actuated
   by  extreme  malevolence or enmity; virulently inimical; bent on evil;

     A malignant and a turbaned Turk. Shak.

   2.  Characterized or caused by evil intentions; pernicious. "Malignant
   care." Macaulay.

     Some malignant power upon my life. Shak.

     Something deleterious and malignant as his touch. Hawthorne.

   3.  (Med.)  Tending  to  produce  death;  threatening  a  fatal issue;
   virulent; as, malignant diphtheria.
   Malignant  pustule  (Med.),  a very contagious disease, transmitted to
   man  from  animals,  characterized  by  the formation, at the point of
   reception  of  the virus, of a vesicle or pustule which first enlarges
   and then breaks down into an unhealthy ulcer. It is marked by profound
   exhaustion  and  usually  fatal.  Called  also charbon, and sometimes,
   improperly, anthrax.


   Ma*lig"nant (?), n.

   1. A man of extrems enmity or evil intentions. Hooker.

   2.  (Eng. Hist.) One of the adherents of Charles L. or Charles LL.; --
   so called by the opposite party.


   Ma*lig"nant*ly, adv.In a malignant manner.


   Ma*lign"er (?), n. One who maligns.


   Ma*lig"ni*fy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Malignified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Malignifying  (?).]  [L.  malignus  malign  +  -fy.] To make malign or
   malignant. [R.] "A strong faith malignified." Southey.


   Ma*lig"ni*ty (?), n. [F. malignit\'82, L. malignitas.]

   1.  The  state  or quality of being malignant; disposition to do evil;
   virulent enmity; malignancy; malice; spite.

   2. Virulence; deadly quality.

     His  physicians  discerned  an invincible malignity in his disease.

   3.   Extreme   evilness   of   nature  or  influence;  perniciousness;
   heinousness; as, the malignity of fraud. [R.] Syn. -- See Malice.


   Ma*lign"ly (?), adv. In a malign manner; with malignity.


   Ma*lin"ger  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. MAlingered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Malingering.]  To  act  the  part of a malingerer; to feign illness or


   Ma*lin"ger*er  (?), n. [F. malingre sickly, weakly, prob. from mal ill
   +  OF.  heingre,  haingre,  thin,  lean, infirm, fr. L. aeger.] In the
   army,  a  soldier who feigns himself sick, or who induces or protracts
   an  illness,  in order to avoid doing his duty; hence, in general, one
   who shirks his duty by pretending illness or inability.


   Ma*lin"ger*y  (?),  n.  The  spirit  or  practices  of  a  malingerer;


   Mal"i*son  (?),  n. [OF. maleicon, L. maledictio. See Malediction, and
   cf. Benison.] Malediction; curse; execration. [Poetic]

     God's malison on his head who this gainsays. Sir W. Scott.


   Mal"kin  (?),  n.  [Dim.  of  Maud,  the  proper name. Cf. Grimalkin.]
   [Written also maukin.]

   1. Originally, a kitchenmaid; a slattern. Chaucer.

   2. A mop made of clouts, used by the kitchen servant.

   3. A scarecrow.[Prov. Eng.]

   4. (Mil.) A mop or sponge attached to a jointed staff for swabbing out
   a cannon.


   Mall (?), n. [Written also maul.] [OE. malle, F. mail, L. malleus. Cf.

   1.  A  large  heavy  wooden beetle; a mallet for driving anything with
   force; a maul. Addison.

   2. A heavy blow. [Obs.] Spenser.

   3.  An old game played with malls or mallets and balls. See Pall-mall.

   4.  A place where the game of mall was played. Hence: A public walk; a
   level shaded walk.

     Part  of  the  area  was laid out in gravel walks, and planted with
     elms;  and  these convenient and frequented walks obtained the name
     of the City Mall. Southey.


   Mall  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Malled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Malling.]
   [Cf.  OF.  mailler. See Mall beetle, and cf. Malleate.] To beat with a
   mall; to beat with something heavy; to bruise; to maul.


   Mall  (?),  n. [LL. mallum a public assembly; cf. OHG. mahal assembly,
   transaction;  akin  to AS. m\'91, me, assembly, m to speak, Goth. mapl
   market  place.]  Formerly,  among  Teutonic  nations, a meeting of the
   notables  of  a  state  for  the  transaction of public business, such
   meeting  being  a modification of the ancient popular assembly. Hence:
   (a) A court of justice. (b) A place where justice is administered. (c)
   A place where public meetings are held.

     Councils,  which  had  been  as frequent as diets or malls, ceased.

   <--  2.  See MW10] (a) A public access area containing a promenade for
   pedestrians. (b) The paved or grassy strip between two roadways. (c) A
   shopping area with multiple shops and a concourse for predominantly or
   exclusively pedestrian use; inn cities the concourse is usually a city
   street  which  may  be  temporarily  or  permamently  closed  to motor
   vehicles;  in  suburban areas, a mall is often located on a convenient
   highway, may be large, contained in one building or multiple buildings
   connected by (usually covered) walkways. -->


   Mal"lard  (?),  n. [F. malari,fr. m\'83le male + -art =-ard. See Male,
   a., and -ard.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) A drake; the male of Anas boschas.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A large wild duck (Anas boschas) inhabiting both America
   and  Europe. The domestic duck has descended from this species. Called
   also greenhead.


   Mal"le*a*bil"i*ty  (?), n. [CF. F. mall\'82abilit\'82.] The quality or
   state  of  being  malleable; -- opposed to friability and brittleness.


   Mal"le*a*ble (?), a. [F. mall\'82able, fr. LL. malleare to hammer. See
   Malleate.]  Capable  of  being  extended  or  shaped by beating with a
   hammer, or by the pressure of rollers; -- applied to metals. Malleable
   iron,  iron  that is capable of extension or of being shaped under the
   hammer;  decarbonized  cast  iron.  See  under Iron. -- Malleable iron
   castings,  articles  cast  from pig iron and made malleable by heating
   then  for several days in the presence of some substance, as hematite,
   which deprives the cast iron of some of its carbon.


   Mal"le*a*ble*ize (?), v. t. To make malleable.


   Mal"le*a*ble*ness, n. Quality of being malleable.


   Mal"le*al (?), a. (Anat.) Pertaining to the malleus.


   Mal"le*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Malleated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Malleating  (?).]  [L.  malleatus  hammered, fr. malleus a hammer. See
   Mall, v. t.] To hammer; to beat into a plate or leaf.


   Mal`le*a"tion  (?), n. [LL. malleatio: cf. OF. mall\'82ation.] The act
   or  process  of  beating  into  a  plate,  sheet, or leaf, as a metal;
   extension by beating.

   Page 888


   Mal"le*cho (?), n. Same as Malicho.

                                  Mallee bird

   Mal*lee"  bird`  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  [From native name.] The leipoa. See

                             Mallemock, Mallemoke

   Mal"le*mock (?), Mal"le*moke (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Mollemoke.


   Mal"len*ders (?), n. pl. (Far.) Same as Malanders.


   Mal*le"o*lar  (?), a. [See Malleolus.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the
   malleolus; in the region of the malleoli of the ankle joint.


   Mal*le"*o*lus (?), n.; pl. Malleoli (#). [L., dim. of malleus hammer.]

   1.  (Anat.)  A projection at the distal end of each bone of the leg at
   the   ankle  joint.  The  malleolus  of  the  tibia  is  the  internal
   projection, that of the fibula the external.

   2.  "  A  layer,  " a shoot partly buried in the ground, and there cut
   halfway through.


   Mal"let (?), n. [F. maillet, dim. of mail. See Mall a beetle.] A small
   maul with a short handle, -- used esp. for driving a tool, as a chisel
   or  the  like;  also,  a  light  beetle with a long handle, -- used in
   playing croquet.


   Mal"le*us (?), n.; pl. Mallei (#). [L., hammer. See Mall a beetle.]

   1.  (Anat.) The outermost of the three small auditory bones, ossicles;
   the hammer. It is attached to the tympanic membrane by a long process,
   the handle or manubrium. See Illust. of Far.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  the  hard  lateral  pieces  of  the mastax of
   Rotifera. See Mastax.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of bivalve shells; the hammer shell.


   Mal*loph"a*ga  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An extensive group
   of  insects  which are parasitic on birds and mammals, and feed on the
   feathers  and  hair;  --  called also bird lice. See Bird louse, under


   Mal*lo"tus  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of small Arctic
   fishes.  One  American  species,  the  capelin (Mallotus villosus), is
   extensively used as bait for cod.

                                Mallow, Mallows

   Mal"low  (?),  Mal"lows  (?), n. [OE. malwe, AS. mealwe, fr. L. malva,
   akin  to  Gr. mala`chh; cf. mala`ssein to soften, malako`s soft. Named
   either  from  its  softening  or relaxing properties, or from its soft
   downy  leaves. Cf. Mauve, Malachite.] (Bot.) A genus of plants (Malva)
   having mucilaginous qualities. See Malvaceous.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e fl owers of the common mallow (M. sylvestris) are
     used  in  medicine.  The dwarf mallow (M. rotundifolia) is a common
     weed,  and  its flattened, dick-shaped fruits are called cheeses by
     children.  Tree  mallow  (M. Mauritiana and Lavatera arborea), musk
     mallow  (M.  moschata), rose mallow or hollyhock, and curled mallow
     (M. crispa), are less commonly seen.

   Indian  mallow.  See  Abutilon.  --  Jew's  mallow, a plant (Corchorus
   olitorius) used as a pot herb by the Jews of Egypt and Syria. -- Marsh
   mallow. See under Marsh.


   Mal"low*wort` (?), n. (Bot.) Any plant of the order Malvace\'91.

                                Malm, Malmbrick

   Malm (?), Malm"brick` (?), n. [Cf. AS. mealm sand.] A kind of brick of
   a light brown or yellowish color, made of sand, clay, and chalk.


   Mal"ma   (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  spotted  trout  (Salvelinus  malma),
   inhabiting  Northern  America,  west of the Rocky Mountains; -- called
   also Dolly Varden trout, bull trout, red-spotted trout, and golet. <--
   Insert: Illustr. of Malma (Salvelinus malma) -->


   Mal"mag  (?),  n. [F., from native name in Madagascar.] (Zo\'94l.) The
   tarsius, or spectral lemur.


   Malm"sey (?), n. [OE. malvesie, F. malvoisie, It. malvasia, malavagia,
   fr.  Malvasia,  or  Napoli di Malvasia, in the Morea.] A kind of sweet
   wine from Crete, the Canary Islands, etc. Shak.


   Mal`nu*tri"tion  (?),  n.  [Mal-  +  nutrition.]  (Physiol.) Faulty or
   imperfect nutrition.


   Mal*ob`ser*va"tion   (?),   n.   [Mal-   +   observation.]   Erroneous
   observation. J. S Mill.


   Mal*o"dor (?), n. An Offensive to the sense of smell; ill-smelling. --
   Mal*o"dor*ous*ness. n. Carlyle.


   Mal"o*nate (?), a. (Chem.) At salt of malonic acid.


   Ma*lon"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Pertaining  to,  or designating, an acid
   produced  artifically  as  a white crystalline substance, CH2.(CO2H)2,
   and  so  called  because  obtained  by the oxidation of malic acid.<--
   (Org. Chem.) a dicarboxylic acid -->


   Mal"o*nyl  (?),  n.  [Malonic  +  -yl.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon radical,
   CH2.(CO)2, from malonic acid. <-- divalent, a diacyl radical -->


   Mal*pi"ghi*a  (?), n. [NL. See Malpighian.] (Bot.) A genus of tropical
   American  shrubs  with  opposite  leaves  and  small  white or reddish
   flowers.  The  drupes  of  Malpighia urens are eaten under the name of
   Barbadoes cherries.


   Mal*pi`ghi*a"ceous  (?), a. (Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a
   natural  order of tropical trees and shrubs (Malpighiace\'91), some of
   them  climbing  plants,  and  their  stems forming many of the curious
   lianes of South American forests.


   Mal*pi"ghi*an  (?),  a.  (Anat.)  Of, pertaining to, or discovered by,
   Marcello   Malpighi,   an  Italian  anatomist  of  the  17th  century.
   Malhighian   capsules   OR   corpuscles,   the  globular  dilatations,
   containing  the  glomeruli  or Malpighian tufts, at the extremities of
   the  urinary  tubules  of  the  kidney.  Malpighian  corpuscles of the
   spleen,  masses  of  adenoid  tissue  connected  with  branches of the
   splenic artery.


   Mal`po*si"tion (?), n. [Mal- + position.] A wrong position.


   Mal*prac"tice  (?),  n.  [Mal-  + practice.] Evil practice; illegal or
   immoral conduct; practice contrary to established rules; specifically,
   the treatment of a case by a surgeon or physician in a manner which is
   contrary  to  accepted  rules  and  productive of unfavorable results.
   [Written also malepractice.]


   Malt  (?), n. [AS. mealt; akin to D. mout, G. malz, Icel., Sw., & Dan.
   malt,  and  E.  melt.  &root;108.  See  Melt.]  Barley or other grain,
   steeped  in  water and dried in a kiln, thus forcing germination until
   the  saccharine  principle has been evolved. It is used in brewing and
   in the distillation of whisky.


   Malt,  a. Relating to, containing, or made with, malt. Malt liquor, an
   alcoholic  liquor,  as beer, ale, porter, etc., prepared by fermenting
   an  infusion  of malt. -- Malt dust, fine particles of malt, or of the
   grain used in making malt; -used as a fertilizer. " Malt dust consists
   chiefly  of the infant radicle separated from the grain." Sir H. Davy.
   -- Malt floor, a floor for drying malt. -- Malt house, OR Malthouse, a
   house in which malt is made. -- Malt kiln, a heated chamber for drying


   Malt,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Malted: p. pr. & vb. n. Malting.] To make
   into malt; as, to malt barley.


   Malt, v. i. To become malt; also, to make grain into malt. Mortimer.


   Mal"ta*lent  (?),  n.  [F.  See Malice, and Talent.] Ill will; malice.
   [Obs.] Rom. of R. Spenser.


   Mal*tese"  (?), a. Of or pertaining to Malta or to its inhabitants. --
   n.  sing.  & pl. A native or inhabitant of Malta; the people of Malta.
   Maltese  cat  (Zo\'94l.), a mouse-colored variety of the domestic cat.
   --  Maltese cross. See Illust. 5, of Cross. -- Maltese dog (Zo\'94l.),
   a  breed  of  small  terriers, having long silky white hair. The breed
   originated in Malta.


   Mal"tha (?), n. [L., fr. Gr.

   1. A variety of bitumen, viscid and tenacious, like pitch, unctuous to
   the touch, and exhaling a bituminous odor.

   2. Mortar. [Obs.] Holland.


   Mal*thu"sian  (?), a. Of or pertaining to the political economist, the
   Rev.  T.  R.  Malthus,  or  conforming  to  his  views; as, Malthusian

     NOTE: &hand; Ma lthus held that population tends to increase faster
     than its means of subsistence can be made to do, and hence that the
     lower  classes  must  necessarily  suffer more or less from lack of
     food,  unless  an  increase  of population be checked by prudential
     restraint or otherwise.


   Ma*thu"sian, n. A follower of Malthus.


   Mal*thu"sian*ism  (?),  n. The system of Malthusian doctrines relating
   to population.

                                Maltin, Maltine

   Malt"in  (?),  Malt"ine  (?),  n.  (Physiol.  Chem.)  The fermentative
   principle  of  malt;  malt  diastase;  also,  a  name given to various
   medicinal preparations made from or containing malt.


   Malt"ing (?), n. The process of making, or of becoming malt.


   Malt"man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Maltmen (. A man whose occupation is to make


   Mal*ton"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Of,  pertaining  to,  or  derived from,
   maltose;   specif.,  designating  an  acid  called  also  gluconic  or
   dextronic acid. See Gluconic.


   Malt"ose`  (?),  n.  [From Malt.] (Physiol. Chem.) A crystalline sugar
   formed  from  starch  by  the  action  of  distance  of  malt, and the
   amylolytic  ferment  of  saliva  and  pancreatic  juice.  It resembles
   dextrose,  but  rotates  the  plane  of polarized light further to the
   right and possesses a lower cupric oxide reducing power.


   Mal*treat"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Maltreated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Maltreating.]  [Mal-  +  treat:  cf.  F. maltraiter.] To treat ill; to
   abuse; to treat roughly.


   Mal*trea"ment  (?),  n.;  [Cf.  F.  maltraitement.] Ill treatment; ill
   usage; abuse.


   Malt"ster (?), n. A maltman. Swift.


   Malt"worm` (?), n. A tippler. [R.] Shak.


   Malt"y (?), a. Consisting, or like, malt. Dickens.


   Ma"lum (?), n.; pl. Mala (#). [L.] An evil. See Mala.


   Mal*va"ceous  (?),  a. [L. malvaceus, from malva mallows. See Mallow.]
   (Bot.)  Pertaining  to,  or  resembling,  a  natural  order  of plants
   (Malvace\'91),  of  which  the  mallow  is the type. The cotton plant,
   hollyhock,  and  abutilon  are  of  this order, and the baobab and the
   silk-cotton trees are now referred to it.


   Mal`ver*sa"tion  (?),  n.  [F., fr. malverser to be corrupt in office,
   fr. L. male ill + versari to move about, to occupy one's self, vertere
   to  turn.  See Malice, and Verse.] Evil conduct; fraudulent practices;
   misbehavior, corruption, or extortion in office.


   Mal"ve*sie  (?),  n.  Malmsey wine. See Malmsey. " A jub of malvesye."


   Man (?), n. [Abbrev. fr. mamma.] Mamma.


   Ma*ma" (?), n. See Mamma.


   Mam"a*luke (?), n. Same as Mameluke.


   Mam"e*lon  (?),  n.  [F.]  A  rounded  hillock; a rounded elevation or
   protuberance. Westmin. Rev.


   Mam`e*lu"co  (?),  n.  [Pg.] A child born of a white father and Indian
   mother. [S. Amer.]


   Mam"e*luke (?), n. [F. mamelouk, cf. Sp. mameluco, It. mammalucco; all
   fr. Ar. maml a purchased slave or captive; lit., possessed or in one's
   power,  p.  p.  of  malaka  to  possesses.]  One  of a body of mounted
   soldiers recruited from slaves converted to Mohammedanism, who, during
   several  centuries,  had  more  or  less  control of the government of
   Egypt, until exterminated or dispersed by Mehemet Ali in 1811.


   Mam"il*la`ted (?), a. See Mammillated.


   Mam*ma"  (?),  n. [Reduplicated from the infantine word ma, influenced
   in   spelling  by  L.  mamma.]  Mother;  --  word  of  tenderness  and
   familiarity. [Written also mama.]

     Tell tales papa and mamma. Swift.


   Mam"ma  (?),  n.;  pl.  Mamm\'91  (#).  [L.  mamma  breast.] (Anat.) A
   glandular organ for secreting milk, characteristic of all mammals, but
   usually  rudimentary  in  the  male; a mammary gland; a breast; under;


   Mam"mal  (?),  n.;  pl.  Mammals  (#).  [L.  mammalis belonging to the
   breast, fr. mamma the breast or pap: cf. F. mammal.] (Zo\'94l.) One of
   the Mammalia. Age of mammals. See under Age, n., 8.


   Mam*ma"li*a   (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  from  L.  mammalis.  See  Mammal.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  The  highest  class of Vertebrata. The young are nourished
   for  a  time  by  milk, or an analogous fluid, secreted by the mammary
   glands of the mother.

     NOTE: &hand; Ma mmalia ar e di vided in to threes subclasses; -- I.
     Placentalia.   This   subclass  embraces  all  the  higher  orders,
     including  man.  In  these the fetus is attached to the uterus by a
     placenta.  II. Marsupialia. In these no placenta is formed, and the
     young, which are born at an early state of development, are carried
     for  a  time  attached  to  the  teats,  and usually protected by a
     marsupial  pouch.  The  opossum,  kangaroo,  wombat,  and koala are
     examples.  III.  Monotremata.  In  this  group,  which includes the
     genera  Echidna  and  Ornithorhynchus,  the  female lays large eggs
     resembling  those  of  a  bird  or lizard, and the young, which are
     hatched  like  those  of birds, are nourished by a watery secretion
     from the imperfectly developed mamm\'91.


   Mam*ma"li*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Mammalia or mammals.


   Mam`ma*lif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [Mammal  +  -ferous.]  (Geol.) Containing
   mammalian remains; -- said of certain strata.


   Mam`ma*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to mammalogy.


   Mam*mal"o*gist (?), n. [Cf. F. mammalogiste.] One versed in mammalogy.


   Mam*mal"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Mamma breast + -logy: cf. f. mammalogie.] The
   science which relates to mammals or the Mammalia. See Mammalia.


   Mam"ma*ry  (?),  a. [Cf. F. mammaire.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the
   mamm\'91 or breasts; as, the mammary arteries and veins.


   Mam*mee"  (?),  n.  [Haytian  mamey.]  (Bot.) A fruit tree of tropical
   America,  belonging  to  the  genus  Mammea  (M. Americana); also, its
   fruit.  The  latter  is  large,  covered with a thick, tough ring, and
   contains  a bright yellow pulp of a pleasant taste and fragrant scent.
   It is often called mammee apple.


   Mam"mer  (?),  v.  i. [Cf. G. memme coward, poltroon.] To hesitate; to
   mutter doubtfully. [Obs.]


   Mam"met  (?),  n.  [See  Mawmet.]  An  idol;  a puppet; a doll. [Obs.]
   Selden. Shak. 


   Mam"met*ry (?), n. See Mawmetry. [Obs.]


   Mam"mi*fer  (?),  n.  [NL.  See Mammiferous.] (Zo\'94l.) A mammal. See


   Mam*mif"er*ous  (?), a. [Mamma breast + -ferous: cf. F. mammif\'8are.]
   Having breasts; of, pertaining to, or derived from, the Mammalia.


   Mam"mi*form  (?), a. [Mamma breast + -form: cf. F. mammiforme.] Having
   the form of a mamma (breast) or mamm\'91.


   Mam*mil"la  (?), n.; pl. Mammil\'91 (#). [L., dim. of mamma a breast.]
   (Anat.) The nipple.


   Mam"mil*la*ry (?), a. [Cf. F. mammilaire. See Mammilla.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the mammilla, or nipple, or to the breast;
   resembling a mammilla; mammilloid.

   2.  (Min.)  Composed of convex convex concretions, somewhat resembling
   the breasts in form; studded with small mammiform protuberances.

                            Mammillate, Mammillated

   Mam"mil*late (?), Mam"mil*la`ted (?), a. [See Mammilla.]

   1.  Having  small  nipples,  or  small  protuberances  like nipples or

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Bounded  like  a  nipple;  -- said of the apex of some


   Mam*mil"li*form  (?),  a.  [Mammil  +  -form.]  Having  the  form of a


   Mam"mil*loid  (?),  a.  [Mammilla  + -oid.] Like a mammilla or nipple;


   Mam"mock  (?),  n.  [Ir. & Gael. mam a round hill + -ock.] A shapeless
   piece; a fragment. [Obs.]


   Mam"mock, v. t. To tear to pieces. [Obs.] Milton.


   Mam"mo*dis  (?), n. [F. mamoudis, fr. Hind. mahm&umac;d\'c6 a muslin.]
   Coarse plain India muslins.


   Mam*mol"o*gy (?), n. [Mamma + -logy.] Mastology. See Mammalogy.


   Mam"mon  (?),  n.  [L. mammona, Gr. mam; cf. Heb. matm a hiding place,
   subterranean  storehouse,  treasury,  fr.  t\'beman  to hide.] Riches;
   wealth; the god of riches; riches, personified.

     Ye can not serve God and Mammon. Matt. vi. 24.


   Mam"mon*ish, a. Actuated or prompted by a devotion to money getting or
   the service of Mammon. Carlyle.


   Mam"mon*ism  (?),  n.  Devotion to the pursuit of wealth; worldliness.


   Mam"mon*ist, n. A mammonite.


   Mam"mon*ite  (?),  n.  One devoted to the acquisition of wealth or the
   service of Mammon. C. Kingsley.


   Mam`mon*i*za"tion  (?),  n. The process of making mammonish; the state
   of being under the influence of mammonism.


   Mam"mon*ize (?), v. t. To make mammonish.


   Mam*mose"  (?),  a.  [L. mammosus having large breasts, mamma breast.]
   (Bot.) Having the form of the breast; breast-shaped.

   Page 889


   Mam"moth  (?),  n.  [Russ.  m\'83mont, m\'a0mant, fr. Tartar mamma the
   earth.  Certain Tartar races, the Tungooses and Yakoots, believed that
   the  mammoth  worked  its way in the earth like a mole.] (Zo\'94l.) An
   extinct,  hairy,  maned  elephant  (Elephas  primigenius), of enormous
   size,  remains  of  which  are  found  in  the  northern parts of both
   continents.  The  last  of  the  race,  in  Europe,  were  coeval with
   prehistoric man.

     NOTE: &hand; Several specimens have been found in Siberia preserved
     entire,  with  the  flesh and hair remaining. They were imbedded in
     the  ice  cliffs  at  a  remote  period,  and became exposed by the
     melting of the ice.


   Mam"moth (?), a. Resembling the mammoth in size; very large; gigantic;
   as, a mammoth ox.


   Mam"mo*thrept  (?),  n.  [Gr. A child brought up by its grandmother; a
   spoiled child. [R.]

     O, you are a more mammothrept in judgment. B. Jonson.


   Mam"my (?), n.; pl. Mammies (. A child's name for mamma, mother.


   Mam"zer  (?),  n.  [Heb.  m\'a0mz.] A person born of relations between
   whom marriage was forbidden by the Mosaic law; a bastard. Deut. xxiii.
   2 (Douay version).


   Man  (?), n.; pl. Men (#). [AS. mann, man, monn, mon; akin to OS., D.,
   &  OHG.  man,  G. mann, Icel. ma&edh;r, for mannr, Dan. Mand, Sw. man,
   Goth.  manna, Skr. manu, manus, and perh. to Skr. man to think, and E.
   mind. &root;104. Cf. Minx a pert girl.]

   1. A human being; -- opposed tobeast.

     These  men  went  about  wide,  and  man  found they none, But fair
     country, and wild beast many [a] one. R. of Glouc.

     The king is but a man, as I am; the violet smells to him as it doth
     to me. Shak.

   <--" 'Tain't a fit night out for man nor beast! " [W.C. Fields] -->

   2.  Especially:  An  adult  male  person;  a  grown-up male person, as
   distinguished from a woman or a child.

     When I became a man, I put away childish things. I Cor. xiii. 11.

     Ceneus, a woman once, and once a man. Dryden.

   3. The human race; mankind.

     And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness, and
     let them have dominion. Gen. i. 26.

     The proper study of mankind is man. Pope.

   4. The male portion of the human race.

     Woman  has,  in  general,  much stronger propensity than man to the
     discharge of parental duties. Cowper.

   5.  One  possessing  in  a  high  degree  the distinctive qualities of
   manhood; one having manly excellence of any kind. Shak.

     This  was the noblest Roman of them all . . . the elements So mixed
     in  him  that  Nature might stand up And say to all the world "This
     was a man! Shak.

   6. An adult male servant; also, a vassal; a subject.

     Like master, like man. Old Proverb.

     The  vassal, or tenant, kneeling, ungirt, uncovered, and holding up
     his  hands  between those of his lord, professed that he did become
     his  man  from  that  day  forth, of life, limb, and earthly honor.

   7.  A  term  of  familiar  address  often  implying on the part of the
   speaker some degree of authority, impatience, or haste; as, Come, man,
   we 've no time to lose !

   8. A married man; a husband; -- correlative to wife.

     I pronounce that they are man and wife. Book of Com. Prayer.

     every wife ought to answer for her man. Addison.

   9.  One, or any one, indefinitely; -- a modified survival of the Saxon
   use of man, or mon, as an indefinite pronoun.

     A man can not make him laugh. Shak.

     A  man  would expect to find some antiquities; but all they have to
     show of this nature is an old rostrum of a Roman ship. Addison.

   10.  One  of the piece with which certain games, as chess or draughts,
   are played.

     NOTE: &hand; Ma n is often used as a prefix in composition, or as a
     separate  adjective,  its  sense being usually self-explaining; as,
     man  child,  man  eater  or  maneater,  man-eating,  man  hater  or
     manhater,    man-hating,    manhunter,    man-hunting,   mankiller,
     man-killing,  man  midwife,  man  pleaser, man servant, man-shaped,
     manslayer, manstealer, man-stealing, manthief, man worship, etc.

   Man is also used as a suffix to denote a person of the male sex having
   a  business  which  pertains  to the thing spoken of in the qualifying
   part  of  the  compound;  ashman,  butterman,  laundryman,  lumberman,
   milkman, fireman, showman, waterman, woodman. Where the combination is
   not  familiar, or where some specific meaning of the compound is to be
   avoided, man is used as a separate substantive in the foregoing sense;
   as,  apple  man,  cloth  man,  coal  man,  hardware  man, wood man (as
   distinguished  from woodman). Man ape (Zo\'94l.), a anthropoid ape, as
   the  gorilla.  --  Man  at  arms,  a designation of the fourteenth and
   fifteenth  centuries  for  a  soldier  fully  armed.  -- Man engine, a
   mechanical  lift  for  raising or lowering people through considerable
   distances; specifically (Mining), a contrivance by which miners ascend
   or  descend  in  a  shaft.  It consists of a series of landings in the
   shaft and an equal number of shelves on a vertical rod which has an up
   and down motion equal to the distance between the successive landings.
   A  man steps from a landing to a shelf and is lifted or lowered to the
   next  landing,  upon  which  he  them  steps,  and so on, traveling by
   successive  stages.  -- Man Friday, a person wholly subservient to the
   will  of  another,  like  Robinson  Crusoe's servant Friday. -- Man of
   straw, a puppet; one who is controlled by others; also, one who is not
   responsible  pecuniarily.  -- Man-of-the earth (Bot.), a twining plant
   (Ipom\'d2a  pandurata)  with leaves and flowers much like those of the
   morning-glory, but having an immense tuberous farinaceous root. -- Man
   of  war.  (a)  A  warrior;  a  soldier.  Shak.  (b) (Naut.) See in the
   Vocabulary. -- To be one's own man, to have command of one's self; not
   to be subject to another.


   Man (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Manned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Manning.]

   1.  To  supply  with  men;  to  furnish  with  a  sufficient  force or
   complement  of  men, as for management, service, defense, or the like;
   to guard; as, to man a ship, boat, or fort.

     See how the surly Warwick mans the wall ! Shak.

     They man their boats, and all their young men arm. Waller.

   2.  To furnish with strength for action; to prepare for efficiency; to
   fortify.  "Theodosius having manned his soul with proper reflections."

   3. To tame, as a hawk. [R.] Shak.

   4. To furnish with a servants. [Obs.] Shak.

   5. To wait on as a manservant. [Obs.] Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; In  "O thello," V.  ii. 270, the meaning is uncertain,
     being, perhaps: To point, to aim, or to manage.

   To  man  a  yard  (Naut.),  to send men upon a yard, as for furling or
   reefing  a  sail.  --  To man the yards (Naut.), to station men on the
   yards as a salute or mark of respect.


   Man"a*ble (?), a. Marriageable.[Obs.]


   Man"ace (?), n. & v. Same as Menace. [Obs.]


   Man"a*cle  (?),  n.  [OE. manicle, OF. manicle, F. manicle sort glove,
   manacle,  L. manicula a little hand, dim. of manus hand; cf. L. manica
   sleeve,  manacle, fr.manus. See Manual.] A handcuff; a shackle for the
   hand or wrist; -- usually in the plural.

     Doctrine unto fools is as fetters on the feet, and like manacles on
     the right hand. Ecclus. xxi. 19.


   Man"a*cle, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Manacled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Manacling
   (?).]  To  put  handcuffs  or  other fastening upon, for confining the
   hands;  to  shackle; to confine; to restrain from the use of the limbs
   or natural powers.

     Is  it  thus  you use this monarch, to manacle and shackle him hand
     and foot ? Arbuthnot.


   Man"age (?), n. [F. man\'8age, It. maneggio, fr. maneggiare to manage,
   fr.   L.manushand.   Perhaps   somewhat  influenced  by  F.  m\'82nage
   housekeeping,  OF.  mesnage,  akin  to E. mansion. See Manual, and cf.
   Manege.]  The handling or government of anything, but esp. of a horse;
   management; administration. See Manege. [Obs.]

     Young  men, in the conduct and manage of actions, embrace more than
     they can hold. Bacon.

     Down, down I come; like glistering Pha\'89thon

     Wanting the manage of unruly jades. Shak.

     The unlucky manage of this fatal brawl. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd, in  it s limited sense of management of a
     horse,  has  been displaced by manege; in its more general meaning,
     by management.


     Man"age  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Managed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
     Managing (?).] [From Manage, n.]

     1.  To  have  under control and direction; to conduct; to guide; to
     administer; to treat; to handle.

     Long  tubes are cumbersome, and scarce to be easily managed. Sir I.

     What wars Imanage, and what wreaths I gain. Prior.

     2. Hence: Esp., to guide by careful or delicate treatment; to wield
     with  address;  to  make  subservient  by  artful conduct; to bring
     around cunningly to one's plans.

     It  was  so  much  his  interest to manage his Protestant subjects.


     It  was  not  her humor to manage those over whom she had gained an
     ascendant. Bp. Hurd.

     3.  To  train in the manege, as a horse; to exercise in graceful or
     artful action.

     4. To treat with care; to husband. Dryden.

     5.  To  bring  about; to contrive. Shak. Syn. -- To direct; govern;
     control; wield; order; contrive; concert; conduct; transact.


     Man"age,  v. i. To direct affairs; to carry on business or affairs;
     to administer.

     Leave them to manage for thee. Dryden



     Man`age*a*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   The  state  or  quality  of  being
     manageable; manageableness.


     Man"age*a*ble  (?),  a.  Such  as can be managed or used; suffering
     control;  governable;  tractable;  subservient;  as,  a  manageable
     horse.  Syn.  --  Governable;  tractable;  controllable; docile. --
     Man"age*a*ble*ness, n. -- Man"age*a*bly, adv.


     Man"age*less, a. Unmanageable.[R.]


     Man"age*ment (?), n. [From Manage, v.]

     1.  The  act or art of managing; the manner of treating, directing,
     carrying  on,  or  using,  for  a purpose; conduct; administration;
     guidance; control; as, the management of a family or of a farm; the
     management  of  state  affairs.  "The  management of the voice." E.

     2. Business dealing; negotiation; arrangement.

     He had great managements with ecclesiastics. Addison


     3. Judicious use of means to accomplish an end; conduct directed by
     art or address; skillful treatment; cunning practice; -- often in a
     bad sense.

     Mark  with  what  management their tribes divide Some stick to you,
     and some to t'other side. Dryden.

     4. The collective body of those who manage or direct any enterprise
     or   interest;   the   board   of   managers.   Syn.   --  Conduct;
     administration;  government;  direction;  guidance;  care;  charge;
     contrivance; intrigue.


     Man"a*ger (?), n.

     1.  One  who manages; a conductor or director; as, the manager of a

     A skillful manager of the rabble. South.

     2. A person who conducts business or household affairs with economy
     and frugality; a good economist.

     A  prince of great aspiring thoughts; in the main, a manager of his
     treasure. Sir W. Temple.

     3. A contriver; an intriguer. Shak.


     Man`a*ge"ri*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to management or a manager;
     as,   managerial   qualities.   "Managerial   responsibility."   C.


     Man"a*ger*ship (?), n. The office or position of a manager.


     Man"age*ry  (?), n. [Cf. OF. menagerie, mesnagerie. See Manage, n.,
     and cf. Menagerie.]

     1. Management; manner of using; conduct; direction.

     2. Husbandry; economy; frugality. Bp. Burnet.


     Man"a*kin  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. & G. manakin; prob. the native name.]
     (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  numerous  small birds belonging to Pipra,
     Manacus, and other genera of the family Piprid\'91. They are mostly
     natives  of Central and South America. some are bright-colored, and
     others  have  the  wings and tail curiously ornamented. The name is
     sometimes applied to related birds of other families.


     Man"a*kin, n. A dwarf. See Manikin. Shak.


     Man`a*tee"  (?),  n. [Sp. manat\'a1, from the native name in Hayti.
     Cf.  Lamantin.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  species of Trichechus, a genus of
     sirenians; -- called alsosea cow. [Written also manaty, manati.]

     NOTE: &hand; On e sp ecies (T richechus Se negalensis) inhabits the
     west  coast  of  Africa;  another (T. Americanus) inhabits the east
     coast  of  South  America, and the West-Indies. The Florida manatee
     (T.  latirostris)  is  by  some  considered  a distinct species, by
     others it is thought to be a variety of T. Americanus. It sometimes
     becomes fifteen feet or more in length, and lives both in fresh and
     salt water. It is hunted for its oil and flesh.


     Ma*na"tion  (?),  n.[L.manatio,  fr.  manare  to  flow.] The act of
     issuing or flowing out. [Obs.]


     Man"bote`  (?),  n.  [AS.  man  man, vassal + b&omac;t recompense.]
     (Anglo-Saxon  Law) A sum paid to a lord as a pecuniary compensation
     for  killing  his  man  (that  is, his vassal, servant, or tenant).


     Man"ca (?), n. [LL.] See Mancus.


     Manche  (?),  n.  [Also  maunch.]  [F.  manche,  fr. L. manica. See
     Manacle.] A sleeve. [Obs.]


     Man"chet  (?), n. Fine white bread; a loaf of fine bread. [Archaic]
     Bacon. Tennyson.


     Man`chi*neel" (?), n. [Sp. manzanillo, fr. manzana an apple, fr. L.
     malum  Matianum  a  kind  of  apple.  So called from its apple-like
     fruit.]  (Bot.)  A  euphorbiaceous  tree  (Hippomane Mancinella) of
     tropical  America,  having  a poisonous and blistering milky juice,
     and poisonous acrid fruit somewhat resembling an apple.

     Bastard manchineel

   ,  a  tree  (Cameraria  latifolia)  of the East Indies, having similar
   poisonous properties. Lindley.


   Man*chu"  (?),  a.  [Written  also  Manchoo,  Mantchoo,  etc.]  Of  or
   pertaining  to  Manchuria  or  its  inhabitants.  --  n.  A  native or
   inhabitant of Manchuria; also, the language spoken by the Manchus.


   Man"ci*pate (?), v. t. [L. mancipatus, p. p. of mancipare to sell. Cf.
   Emancipate.] To enslave; to bind; to restrict. [Obs.] Sir M. Hale.


   Man`ci*pa"tion   (?),   n.   [L.   mancipatio  a  transfer.]  Slavery;
   involuntary servitude. [Obs.] Johnson.


   Man"ci*ple  (?), n. [From OF. mancipe slave, servant (with l inserted,
   as  in  participle),  fr.  L.  mancipium. See Mancipate.] A steward; a
   purveyor, particularly of a college or Inn of Court. Chaucer.

                                 Mancona bark

   Man*co"na bark` (?). See Sassy bark.


   Man"cus (?), n. [AS.] An old Anglo Saxon coin both of gold and silver,
   and  of  variously  estimated  values.  The silver mancus was equal to
   about one shilling of modern English money.


   -man`cy  (?). [Gr. -mancie.] A combining form denoting divination; as,
   aleuromancy, chiromancy, necromancy, etc.


   Mand (?), n. A demand. [Obs.] See Demand.


   Man*da"mus  (?),  n. [L., we command, fr. mandare to command.] (Law) A
   writ  issued  by  a  superior  court  and  directed  to  some inferior
   tribunal,  or  to  some  corporation  or  person exercising authority,
   commanding the performance of some specified duty.


   Man`da*rin"  (?),  n.  [Pg. mandarim, from Malay mantr\'c6 minister of
   state,  prop.  a  Hind.  word,  fr. Skr. mantrin a counselor, manira a
   counsel, man to think.]

   1.  A Chinese public officer or nobleman; a civil or military official
   in China and Annam.

   2. (Bot.) A small orange, with easily separable rind. It is thought to
   be  of  Chinese  origin,  and  is  counted  a distinct species (Citrus
   nobilis)<-- also mandarin orange; tangerine -->.
   Mandarin  duck  (Zo\'94l.),  a  beautiful  Asiatic  duck  (Dendronessa
   galericulata),  often  domesticated, and regarded by the Chinese as an
   emblem  of  conjugal  affection.  --  Mandarin language, the spoken or
   colloquial  language  of  educated people in China. -- Mandarin yellow
   (Chem.),  an  artificial  aniline  dyestuff used for coloring silk and
   wool, and regarded as a complex derivative of quinoline.


   Man`da*rin"ate  (?), n. The collective body of officials or persons of
   rank in China. S. W. Williams.

   Page 890


   Man`da*rin"ic (?), a. Appropriate or peculiar to a mandarin.


   Man`da*rin"ing,  n.  (Dyeing) The process of giving an orange color to
   goods  formed  of  animal  tissue,  as  silk  or wool, not by coloring
   matter,  but  by producing a certain change in the fiber by the action
   of dilute nitric acid. Tomlinson.


   Man`da*rin"ism  (?), n. A government mandarins; character or spirit of
   the mandarins. F. Lieder.


   Man"da*ta*ry   (?),   n.  [L.  mandatarius,  fr.  mandatum  a  charge,
   commission, order: cf. F. mandataire. See Mandate.]

   1.  One  to  whom a command or charge is given; hence, specifically, a
   person  to  whom  the pope has, by his prerogative, given a mandate or
   order for his benefice. Ayliffe.

   2.   (Law)  One  who  undertakes  to  discharge  a  specific  business
   commission; a mandatory. Wharton.


   Man"date  (?), n. [L. mandatum, fr. mandare to commit to one's charge,
   order,  orig.,  to put into one's hand; manus hand + dare to give: cf.
   F. mandat. See Manual, Date a time, and cf. Commend, Maundy Thursday.]

   1.  An  official  or  authoritative command; an order or injunction; a
   commission; a judicial precept.

     This  dream  all-powerful Juno; I bear Her mighty mandates, and her
     words you hear. Dryden.

   2. (Canon Law) A rescript of the pope, commanding an ordinary collator
   to  put  the  person  therein  named in possession of the first vacant
   benefice in his collation.

   3.  (Scots  Law) A contract by which one employs another to manage any
   business  for  him.  By  the  Roman law, it must have been gratuitous.


   Man*da"tor (?), n. [L.]

   1. A director; one who gives a mandate or order. Ayliffe.

   2.  (Rom.  Law)  The  person who employs another to perform a mandate.


   Man"da*to*ry   (?),   a.   [L.  mandatorius.]  Containing  a  command;
   preceptive; directory.


   Man"da*to*ry, n. Same as Mandatary.


   Man"del*ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of mandelic acid.


   Man*del"ic  (?),  a. [G. mandel almond.] (Chem.) Pertaining to an acid
   first  obtained  from  benzoic  aldehyde (oil of better almonds), as a
   white crystalline substance; -- called also phenyl glycolic acid.


   Man"der (?), v. t. & i. See Maunder.


   Man"der*il (?), n. A mandrel.


   Man"di*ble (?), n. [L. mandibula, mandibulum, fr. mandere to chew. Cf.

   1. (Anat.) The bone, or principal bone, of the lower jaw; the inferior
   maxilla;  --  also applied to either the upper or the lower jaw in the
   beak of birds.

   2.   (Zo\'94l.)   The  anterior  pair  of  mouth  organs  of  insects,
   crustaceaus,  and  related animals, whether adapted for biting or not.
   See Illust. of Diptera.


   Man*dib"u*lar  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. mandibulaire.] Of or pertaining to a
   mandible;  like  a  mandible. -- n. The principal mandibular bone; the
   mandible. Mandibular arch (Anat.), the most anterior visceral arch, --
   that in which the mandible is developed.

                           Mandibulate, Mandibulated

   Man*dib"u*late  (?), Man*dib"u*la`ted (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Provided with
   mandibles adapted for biting, as many insects.


   Man*dib"u*late (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) An insect having mandibles.


   Man`di*bu"li*form (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Having the form of a mandible; --
   said  especially  of the maxill\'91 of an insect when hard and adapted
   for biting.


   Man*dib`u*lo*hy"oid  (?), a. (Anat.) Pertaining both to the mandibular
   and the hyoid arch, or situated between them.


   Man"dil  (?),  n.  [OF. mandil; cf. Sp. & Pg. mandil a coarse apron, a
   haircloth;  all  from Ar. mandil tablecloth, handkerchief, mantle, fr.
   LGr.  mantile,  mantele.  See  Mantle.] A loose outer garment worn the
   16th and 17th centuries.


   Man*dil"ion (?), n. See Mandil. Chapman.


   Man*din"gos  (?),  n.  pl.; sing. Mandingo. (Ethnol.) An extensive and
   powerful tribe of West African negroes.

                               Mandioc, Mandioca

   Man"di*oc (?), Man`di*o"ca (?), n. (Bot.) See Manioc.


   Man"dle*stone`   (?),   n.   [G.  mandelstein  almond  stone.]  (Min.)


   Mand"ment (?), n. Commandment. [Obs.]

                              Mandolin, Mandoline

   Man"do*lin,  Man"do*line (?), n. [F. mandoline, It. mandolino, dim. of
   mandola,  fr. L. pandura. See Bandore.] (Mus.) A small and beautifully
   shaped instrument resembling the lute.


   Man"dore  (?),  n.  [See  Mandolin,  and  Bandore.]  (Mus.)  A kind of
   four-stringed lute.


   Man*drag"o*ra  (?),  n. [L., mandragoras the mandrake.] (Bot.) A genus
   of plants; the mandrake. See Mandrake, 1.


   Man*drag"o*rite  (?), n. One who habitually intoxicates himself with a
   narcotic obtained from mandrake.


   Man"drake   (?),   n.   [AS.   mandragora,  L.  mandragoras,  fr.  Gr.

   1.  (Bot.)  A  low  plant  (Mandragora  officinarum) of the Nightshade
   family, having a fleshy root, often forked, and supposed to resemble a
   man.  It  was  therefore  supposed to have animal life, and to cry out
   when  pulled  up.  All parts of the plant are strongly narcotic. It is
   found in the Mediterranean region.

     And  shrieks  like  mandrakes,  torn  out of the earth, That living
     mortals, hearing them, run mad. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e mandrake of Scripture was perhaps the same plant,
     but proof is wanting.

   2.  (Bot.)  The  May apple (Podophyllum peltatum). See May apple under
   May, and Podophyllum. [U.S.]


   Man"drel (?), n. [F. mandrin, prob. through (assumed) LL. mamphurinum,
   fr.  L.  mamphur  a bow drill.] (Mach.) (a) A bar of metal inserted in
   the work to shape it, or to hold it, as in a lathe, during the process
   of manufacture; an arbor. (b) The live spindle of a turning lathe; the
   revolving  arbor  of a circular saw. It is usually driven by a pulley.
   [Written  also manderil.] Mandrel lathe, a lathe with a stout spindle,
   adapted  esp.  for chucking, as for forming hollow articles by turning
   or spinning.


   Man"drill (?), n. [Cf. F. mandrille, Sp. mandril, It. mandrillo; prob.
   the  native name in Africa. Cf. Drill an ape.] (Zo\'94l.) a large West
   African  baboon  (Cynocephalus, OR Papio, mormon). The adult male has,
   on   the   sides   of  the  nose,  large,  naked,  grooved  swellings,
   conspicuously striped with blue and red.


   Man"du*ca*ble  (?), a. [Cf. F. manducable. See Manducate.] Such as can
   be chewed; fit to be eaten. [R.]

     Any manducable creature. Sir T. Herbert.


   Man"du*cate  (?)  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Manducated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Manducating  (?).]  [L.  manducatus,  p.  p. of manducare to chew. See
   Manger.] To masticate; to chew; to eat. [R.] Jer. Taylor. 


   Man`du*ca"tion (?), n. [L. manducatio: cf. F. manducation.] The act of
   chewing. [R.] Jer. Taylor.


   Man"du*ca*to*ry (?), a. Pertaining to, or employed in, chewing.


   Man*du"cus  (?), n. [L., fr. manducare to chew.] (Gr. & Rom. Antiq.) A
   grotesque  mask,  representing  a person chewing or grimacing, worn in
   processions and by comic actors on the stage.


   Mane  (?),  n. [AS. manu; akin to OD. mane, D. maan, G. m\'84hne, OHG.
   mana,  Icel.  m\'94n, Dan. & Sw. man, AS. mene necklace, Icel. men, L.
   monile, Gr. many\'be neck muscles. &root;275.] The long and heavy hair
   growing  on  the upper side of, or about, the neck of some quadrupedal
   animals, as the horse, the lion, etc. See Illust. of Horse.


   Man"-eat`er (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One who, or that which, has an appetite
   for  human  flesh;  specifically,  one  of  certain large sharks (esp.
   Carcharodon Rondeleti); also, a lion or a tiger which has acquired the
   habit of feeding upon human flesh.


   Maned  (?),  a. Having a mane. Maned seal (Zo\'94l.), the sea lion. --
   Maned sheep (Zo\'94l.), the aoudad.


   Ma*nege" (?; 277), n. [F. man\'8age. See Manage, n.]

   1. Art of horsemanship, or of training horses

   2.  A  school  for  teaching  horsemanship,  and  for training horses.


   Ma"neh  (?),  n.  [Heb. m\'beneh.] A Hebrew weight for gold or silver,
   being  one  hundred shekels of gold and sixty shekels of silver. Ezek.
   xlv. 12.


   Mane"less  (?), a. Having no mane. Maneless lion (Zo\'94l.), a variety
   of the lion having a short, inconspicuous mane. It inhabits Arabia and
   adjacent countries.


   Man"e*quin  (?),  n. [See Manikin.] An artist's model of wood or other


   Ma*ne"ri*al (?), a. See Manorial.


   Ma"nes  (?),  n.  pl. [L.] (Rom. Antiq.) The benevolent spirits of the
   dead,  especially  of  dead  ancestors, regarded as family deities and

     Hail, O ye holy manes! Dryden.


   Mane"sheet` (?), n. A covering placed over the upper part of a horse's

                             Maneuver, Man\'d2uvre

   Ma*neu"ver,  Ma*n\'d2u"vre  (?), n. [F. man\'d2uvre, OF. manuevre, LL.
   manopera,  lit.,  hand  work,  manual labor; L.manus hand + opera, fr.
   opus work. See Manual, Operate, and cf. Mainor, Manure.]

   1.  Management;  dexterous  movement;  specif.,  a  military  or naval
   evolution, movement, or change of position.

   2.  Management  with  address  or  artful  design;  adroit proceeding;

                             Maneuver, Man\'d2uvre

   Ma*neu"ver,  Ma*n\'d2u"vre,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Maneuvered (#) or
   Man\'d2uvred; p. pr. & vb. n. Maneuvering (, or Man\'d2uvring (.] [Cf.
   F. man\'d2uvrer. See Maneuver, n.]

   1. To perform a movement or movements in military or naval tactics; to
   make changes in position with reference to getting advantage in attack
   or defense.

   2. To manage with address or art; to scheme.

                             Maneuver, Man\'d2uvre

   Ma*neu"ver,  Ma*n\'d2u"vre,  v.  t.  To change the positions of, as of
   troops of ships.

                           Maneuverer, Man\'d2uvrer

   Ma*neu"ver*er (?), Ma*n\'d2u"vrer (?), n. One who maneuvers.

     This  charming widow Beaumont is a nan\'d2uvrer. We can't well make
     an English word of it. Miss Edgeworth.


   Man"ful  (?),  a.  Showing  manliness,  or manly spirit; hence, brave,
   courageous,   resolute,   noble.  "  Manful  hardiness."  Chaucer.  --
   Man"ful*ly, adv. -- Man"ful*ness, n.


   Mam"ga*bey  (?),  n. [So called by Buffon from Mangaby, in Madagascar,
   where  he  erroneously supposed them be native.] (Zo\'94l.) Any one of
   several African monkeys of the genus Cercocebus, as the sooty mangabey
   (C. fuliginosus), which is sooty black. [Also written mangaby.]


   Man"gan (?), n. See Mangonel.


   Man"ga*nate  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. manganate.] (Chem.) A salt of manganic

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ma nganates ar e usually green, and are wellknown
     compounds, though derived from a hypothetical acid.


   Man`ga*ne"sate (?), n. (Chem.) A manganate. [Obs.]


   Man`ga*nese" (?), n. [F. mangan\'8ase, It. mamaganese, sasso magnesio;
   prob.  corrupted  from  L.  magnes,  because of its resemblance to the
   magnet.  See Magnet, and cf. Magnesia.] (Chem.) An element obtained by
   reduction  of  its oxide, as a hard, grayish white metal, fusible with
   difficulty,  but  easily oxidized. Its ores occur abundantly in nature
   as  the  minerals pyrolusite, manganite, etc. Symbol Mn. Atomic weight

     NOTE: &hand; An    al  loy of   ma  nganese wi  th ir  on (c  alled
     ferromanganese)  is  used  to  increase the density and hardness of

   Black  oxide  of  manganese,  Manganese  dioxide OR peroxide, OR Black
   manganese  (Chem.), a heavy black powder MnO2, occurring native as the
   mineral  pyrolusite, and valuable as a strong oxidizer; -- called also
   familiarly  manganese.  It  colors  glass  violet,  and  is  used as a
   decolorizer  to  remove  the  green  tint  of  impure glass. Manganese
   bronze,  an alloy made by adding from one to two per cent of manganese
   to the copper and zinc used in brass.


   Man`ga*ne"sian (?), a. [Cf. F. mangan\'82sien.] (Chem.) Manganic. [R.]


   Man`ga*ne"sic  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  mangan\'82sique.] (Chem.) Manganic.


   Man`ga*ne"sious (?), a. (Chem.) Manganous.


   Man`ga*ne"si*um (?), n. [NL.] Manganese.


   Man`ga*ne"sous (?), a. (Chem.) Manganous.


   Man`gan"ic  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  manganique.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to
   resembling,  or  containing, manganese; specif., designating compounds
   in  which  manganese has a higher valence as contrasted with manganous
   compounds.  Cf. Manganous. Manganic acid, an acid, H2MnO4, formed from
   manganese, analogous to sulphuric acid.


   Man`ga*nif"er*ous (?), a. [Manganese + -ferous.] Containing manganese.


   Man"ga*nite (?), n.

   1.  (Min.)  One  of  the  oxides  of  manganese;  --  called also gray
   manganese  ore.  It  occurs  in  brilliant  steel-gray  or  iron-black
   crystals, also massive.

   2.  (Chem.)  A compound of manganese dioxide with a metallic oxide; so
   called as though derived from the hypothetical manganous acid.


   Man*ga"ni*um (?), n. [NL.] Manganese.


   Man"ga*nous  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Of,  pertaining to, designating, those
   compounds  of  manganese  in  which the element has a lower valence as
   contrasted  with  manganic  compounds;  as, manganous oxide. Manganous
   acid,  a  hypothetical  compound  analogous  to  sulphurous  acid, and
   forming the so-called manganites.
   Mang"corn`  (?),  n.  [OE.  mengen  to  mix.  See Mingle, and Corn.] A
   mixture of wheat and rye, or other species of grain. [Prov Eng.] 


   Mange  (?),  n.  [See Mangy.] (Vet.) The scab or itch in cattle, dogs,
   and  other beasts. Mange insect (Zo\'94l.), any one of several species
   of  small parasitic mites, which burrow in the skin of cattle. horses,
   dogs,  and  other  animals, causing the mange. The mange insect of the
   horse   (Psoroptes,  OR  Dermatodectes,  equi),  and  that  of  cattle
   (Symbiotes,  OR  Dermatophagys, bovis) are the most important species.
   See Acarina.


   Man"gel-wur`zel (?), n. [G., corrupted fr. mangoldwurzel; mangold beet
   +  wurzel  root.]  (Bot.)  A kind of large field beet (B. macrorhiza),
   used  as  food for cattle, -- by some considered a mere variety of the
   ordinary  beet.  See  Beet. [Written also mangold-wurzel.] <-- Insert:
   Illustr. of Mangel-Wurzel -->


   Man"ger  (?),  n.  [F. mangeoire, fr. manger to eat, fr. L. manducare,
   fr. mandere to chew. Cf. Mandible, Manducate.]

   1. A trough or open box in which fodder is placed for horses or cattle
   to eat.

   2.  (Naut.) The fore part of the deck, having a bulkhead athwart ships
   high enough to prevent water which enters the hawse holes from running
   over it.


   Man"gi*ly (?), adv. In a mangy manner; scabbily.


   Man"gi*ness, n. [From Mangy.] The condition or quality of being mangy.


   Man"gle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mangled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Mangling
   (?).]  [A  frequentative  fr.  OE.  manken  to  main,  AS. mancian, in
   bemancian  to mutilate, fr. L. mancus maimed; perh. akin to G. mangeln
   to be wanting.]

   1. To cut or bruise with repeated blows or strokes, making a ragged or
   torn  wound,  or covering with wounds; to tear in cutting; to cut in a
   bungling manner; to lacerate; to mutilate.

     Mangled with ghastly wounds through plate and mail. Milton.

   2.  To  mutilate  or  injure,  in making, doing, or pertaining; as, to
   mangle a piece of music or a recitation.

     To mangle a play or a novel. Swift.


   Man"gle,  n.  [D.  mangel,  fr.  OE.  mangonel  a machine for throwing
   stones,  LL. manganum, Gr. Mangonel.] A machine for smoothing linen or
   cotton cloth, as sheets, tablecloths, napkins, and clothing, by roller
   pressure. Mangle rack (Mach.), a contrivance for converting continuous
   circular  motion  into reciprocating rectilinear motion, by means of a
   rack and pinion, as in the mangle. The pinion is held to the rack by a
   groove  in  such  a manner that it passes alternately from one side of
   the  rack  to  the  other,  and  thus  gives  motion to it in opposite
   directions,  according  to the side in which its teeth are engaged. --
   Mangle  wheel,  a  wheel in which the teeth, or pins, on its face, are
   interrupted  on one side, and the pinion, working in them, passes from
   inside  to  outside  of  the  teeth  alternately,  thus converting the
   continuous circular motion of the pinion into a reciprocating circular
   motion of the wheel.

   Page 891


   Man"gle  (?), v. t. [Cf. D. mangelen. See Mangle, n.] To smooth with a
   mangle, as damp linen or cloth.


   Man"gler  (?),  n.  [See  1st  Mangle.]  One  who  mangles or tears in
   cutting; one who mutilates any work in doing it.


   Man"gler, n. [See 3d Mangle.] One who smooths with a mangle.


   Man"go (?), n.; pl. Mangoes (#). [Pg. manga, fr. Tamil m\'benk\'bey.]

   1. The fruit of the mango tree. It is rather larger than an apple, and
   of  an ovoid shape. Some varieties are fleshy and luscious, and others
   tough  and  tasting  of  turpentine.  The  green  fruit is pickled for

   2. A green muskmelon stuffed and pickled.
   Mango bird (Zo\'94l.), an oriole (Oriolus kundoo), native of India. --
   Mango  fish (Zo\'94l.), a fish of the Ganges (Polynemus risua), highly
   esteemed  for  food.  It has several long, slender filaments below the
   pectoral fins. It appears about the same time with the mango fruit, in
   April  and  May, whence the name. -- Mango tree (Bot.), an East Indian
   tree of the genus Mangifera (M. Indica), related to the cashew and the
   sumac.  It  grows to a large size, and produces the mango of commerce.
   It is now cultivated in tropical America.


   Man"gold*wur`zel (?), n. [G.] (Bot.) See Mangel-wurzel.


   Man"go*nel  (?),  n. [OF. mangonel, LL. manganellus, manganum, fr. Gr.
   Mangle,  n.]  A  military engine formerly used for throwing stones and


   Man"go*nism  (?),  n.  The  art  of  mangonizing,  or  setting  off to
   advantage. [Obs.]


   Man"go*nist (?), n.

   1. One who mangonizes. (Zo\'94l.)

   2. A slave dealer; also, a strumpet. [Obs.]


   Man"go*nize  (?),  v. t. [L. mangonizare, fr. mango a dealer in slaves
   or  wares, to which he tries to give an appearance of greater value by
   decking  them  out  or furbishing them up.] To furbish up for sale; to
   set off to advantage. [Obs. or R.] B. Jonson.

                             Mangosteen, Mangostan

   Man"go*steen (?), Man"go*stan (?), n. [Malay mangusta, mangis.] (Bot.)
   A  tree  of the East Indies of the genus Garcinia (G. Mangostana). The
   tree grows to the height of eighteen feet, and bears fruit also called
   mangosteen,  of  the  size of a small apple, the pulp of which is very
   delicious food.


   Man"grove (?), n. [Malay manggi-manggi.]

   1.  (Bot.)  The  name  of one or two trees of the genus Rhizophora (R.
   Mangle,  and  R.  mucronata,  the last doubtfully distinct) inhabiting
   muddy  shores  of  tropical  regions,  where  they  spread by emitting
   a\'89rial roots, which fasten in the saline mire and eventually become
   new  stems.  The seeds also send down a strong root while yet attached
   to the parent plant.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e fr uit ha s a  ru ddy brown shell, and a delicate
     white  pulp which is sweet and eatable. The bark is astringent, and
     is  used  for  tanning  leather.  The  black and the white mangrove
     (Avicennia nitida and A. tomentosa) have much the same habit.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The mango fish.


   Mangue (?), n. [F.] (Zo\'94l.) The kusimanse.


   Man"gy  (?), a. [Compar. Mangier (?); superl. Mangiest.] [F. mang\'82,
   p. p. of manger to eat. See Manger.] Infected with the mange; scabby.


   Man*ha"den (?), n. See Menhaden.


   Man"head (?), n. Manhood. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Man"hole` (?), n. A hole through which a man may descend or creep into
   a  drain,  sewer, steam boiler, parts of machinery, etc., for cleaning
   or repairing.


   Man"hood, n. [Man- + -hood.]

   1.  The  state  of being man as a human being, or man as distinguished
   from a child or a woman.

   2. Manly quality; courage; bravery; resolution.

     I am ashamed That thou hast power to shake my manhood thus. Shak.


   Ma"ni*a  (?),  n.  [L.  mania,  Gr.  manie,  F.  manie.  Cf. Mind, n.,

   1. Violent derangement of mind; madness; insanity. Cf. Delirium.

   2.  Excessive  or unreasonable desire; insane passion affecting one or
   many people; as, the tulip mania.
   Mania  a  potu  [L.], madness from drinking; delirium tremens. Syn. --
   Insanity;   derangement;   madness;  lunacy;  alienation;  aberration;
   delirium; frenzy. See Insanity.


   Man"i*a*ble  (?),  a.  [F.,  fr. manier to manage, fr. L. manus hand.]
   Manageable. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Ma"ni*ac (?), a. [F. maniaque. See Mania.] Raving with madness; raging
   with disordered intellect; affected with mania; mad.


   Ma"ni*ac (?), n. A raving lunatic; a madman.


   Ma*ni"a*cal  (?),  a.  Affected  with,  or  characterized by, madness;
   maniac. -- Ma*ni"a*cal*ly, adv.


   Man"i*cate (?), a. [L. manicatus sleeved, fr. manica a sleeve.] (Bot.)
   Covered with hairs or pubescence so platted together and interwoven as
   to form a mass easily removed.

                       Manich\'91an, Manichean, Manichee

   Man`i*ch\'91"an (?), Man`i*che"an, Man"i*chee (?), n. [LL. Manichaeus:
   cf.  F. manich\'82en.] A believer in the doctrines of Manes, a Persian
   of  the  third  century  A. D., who taught a dualism in which Light is
   regarded as the source of Good, and Darkness as the source of Evil.

     The Manich\'91ans stand as representatives of dualism pushed to its
     utmost development. Tylor.

                            Manich\'91an, Manichean

   Man`i*ch\'91"an,   Man`i*che"an  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the

                           Manich\'91ism, Manicheism

   Man"i*ch\'91*ism,  Man"i*che*ism  (?), n. [Cf. F. manich\'82isme.] The
   doctrines   taught,   or  system  of  principles  maintained,  by  the


   Man"i*che*ist, n. [Cf. F. manich\'82iste.] Manich\'91an.

                            Manichord, Manichordon

   Man"i*chord  (?), Man`i*chor"don (?), [L. monochordon, Gr. Monochord.]
   (Mus.) The clavichord or clarichord; -- called also dumb spinet.


   Man"i*cure  (?), n. [F., fr. L. manus hand + curare to cure.] A person
   who  makes  a  business  of  taking care of people's hands, especially
   their  nails.<--  now called manicurist --> <-- 2. A thorough cosmetic
   treatment  of  the hands, especially the trimming and polishing of the
   fingernails,  and  removing of cuticles, performed by a manicurist. v.
   t.  (Metaph.)  to  trim  carefully  and meticulously, as to manicure a
   lawn. -->

     [Men]  who had taken good care of their hands by wearing gloves and
     availing  themselves  of  the  services  of  a  manicure. Pop. Sci.


   Ma"nid  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) Any species of the genus Manis, or family


   Ma`nie" (?), n. [F. See Mania.] Mania; insanity. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Man"i*fest  (?),  a. [F. manifeste, L. manifestus, lit., struck by the
   hand,  hence, palpable; manus hand + fendere (in comp.) to strike. See
   Manual, and Defend.]

   1.  Evident  to  the  senses,  esp. to the sight; apparent; distinctly
   perceived;  hence, obvious to the understanding; apparent to the mind;
   easily apprehensible; plain; not obscure or hidden.

     Neither  is  there  any creature that is not manifest in his sight.
     Heb. iv. 13.

     That which may be known of God is manifest in them. Rom. i. 19.

     Thus manifest to sight the god appeared. Dryden.

   2. Detected; convicted; -- with of. [R.]

     Calistho there stood manifest of shame. Dryden.

   Syn.  --  Open; clear; apparent; evident; visible; conspicuous; plain;
   obvious.  --  Manifest,  Clear, Plain, Obvious, Evident. What is clear
   can  be  seen  readily;  what is obvious lies directly in our way, and
   necessarily  arrests  our attention; what isevident is seen so clearly
   as to remove doubt; what is manifest is very distinctly evident.

     So  clear, so shining, and so evident, That it will glimmer through
     a blind man's eye. Shak.

     Entertained with solitude, Where obvious duty erMilton.

     I  saw,  I saw him manifest in view, His voice, his figure, and his
     gesture knew. Dryden.


   Man"i*fest,  n.;  pl.  Manifests (#). [Cf. F. manifeste. See Manifest,
   a., and cf. Manifesto.]

   1.   A  public  declaration;  an  open  statement;  a  manifesto.  See
   Manifesto. [Obs.]

   2.  A  list  or invoice of a ship's cargo, containing a description by
   marks, numbers, etc., of each package of goods, to be exhibited at the
   customhouse.<-- = ship's manifest --> Bouvier.


   Man"i*fest,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Manifested (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  show  plainly; to make to appear distinctly, -- usually to the
   mind; to put beyond question or doubt; to display; to exhibit.

     There is nothing hid which shall not be manifested. Mark iv. 22.

     Thy life did manifest thou lovedst me not. Shak.

   2. To exhibit the manifests or prepared invoices of; to declare at the
   customhouse. Syn. -- To reveal; declare; evince; make known; disclose;
   discover; display.


   Man"i*fest`a*ble (?), a. Such as can be manifested.


   Man`i*fes*ta"tion (?), n. [L. manifestatio: cf. F. manifestation.] The
   act  of  manifesting  or disclosing, or the state of being manifested;
   discovery  to  the  eye  or  to  the  understanding;  also, that which
   manifests;  exhibition;  display; revelation; as, the manifestation of
   God's power in creation.

     The  secret  manner  in  which acts of mercy ought to be performed,
     requires  this  public  manifestation  of  them  at  the great day.


   Man"i*fest`i*ble (?), a. Manifestable.


   Man"i*fest*ly (?), adv. In a manifest manner.


   Man"i*fest*ness,   n.   The   quality  or  state  of  being  manifest;


   Man`i*fes"to  (?),  n.;  pl.  Manifestoes  (#).  [It.  manifesto.  See
   Manifest,  n.  &  a.]  A  public  declaration,  usually  of  a prince,
   sovereign,   or  other  person  claiming  large  powers,  showing  his
   intentions,  or  proclaiming  his opinions and motives in reference to
   some  act  done  or contemplated by him; as, a manifesto declaring the
   purpose of a prince to begin war, and explaining his motives. Bouvier.

     it  was  proposed to draw up a manifesto, setting forth the grounds
     and motives of our taking arms. Addison


     Frederick,  in  a  public manifesto, appealed to the Empire against
     the insolent pretensions of the pope. Milman.


   Man"i*fold (?), a. [AS. manigfeald. See Many, and Fold.]

   1.  Various  in kind or quality; many in number; numerous; multiplied;

     O Lord, how manifold are thy works! Ps. civ. 24.

     I know your manifold transgressions. Amos v. 12.

   2.  Exhibited  at  divers times or in various ways; -- used to qualify
   nouns  in the singular number. "The manifold wisdom of God." Eph. iii.
   10. "The manifold grace of God." 1 Pet. iv. 10.
   Manifold writing, a process or method by which several copies, as of a
   letter,  are  simultaneously  made,  sheets  of  coloring  paper being
   infolded  with thin sheets of plain paper upon which the marks made by
   a stylus or a type-writer are transferred.


   Man"i*fold (?), n.

   1. A copy of a writing made by the manifold process.

   2.  (Mech.)  A  cylindrical  pipe  fitting, having a number of lateral
   outlets, for connecting one pipe with several others.

   3. pl. The third stomach of a ruminant animal. [Local, U.S.]


   Man"i*fold,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Manifolded (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Manifolding.]  To  take  copies of by the process of manifold writing;
   as, to manifold a letter.


   Man"i*fold`ed,  a.  Having  many  folds,  layers,  or  plates;  as,  a
   manifolded shield. [Obs.]


   Man"i*fold`ly, adv. In a manifold manner.


   Man"i*fold`ness, n.

   1. Multiplicity. Sherwood.

   2. (Math.) A generalized concept of magnitude.


   Man"i*form (?), a. [L. manus hand + -form.] Shaped like the hand.


   Ma*ni"glion  (?),  n.  [It.  maniglio, maniglia, bracelet, handle. Cf.
   Manilio.]  (Gun.)  Either one of two handles on the back of a piece of

                               Manihoc, Manihot

   Man"i*hoc (?), Man"i*hot (?), n. See Manioc.


   Man"i*kin (?), n. [OD. manneken, dim. of man man. See Man, and -kin.]

   1. A little man; a dwarf; a pygmy; a manakin.

   2.  A model of the human body, made of papier-mache or other material,
   commonly  in detachable pieces, for exhibiting the different parts and
   organs, their relative position, etc.

                                Manila, Manilla

   Ma*nil"a (?), Ma*nil"la, a. Of or pertaining to Manila or Manilla, the
   capital  of  the  Philippine  Islands; made in, or exported from, that
   city.  Manila  cheroot  OR  cigar,  a cheroot or cigar made of tobacco
   grown  in  the  Philippine Islands. -- Manila hemp, a fibrous material
   obtained from the Musa textilis, a plant allied to the banana, growing
   in  the Philippine and other East India islands; -- called also by the
   native  name  abaca.  From  it  matting, canvas, ropes, and cables are
   made.  --  Manila  paper, a durable brown or buff paper made of Manila
   hemp,  used  as  a wrapping paper, and as a cheap printing and writing
   paper. The name is also given to inferior papers, made of other fiber.


   Ma*nil"io (?), n. See Manilla, 1. Sir T. Herbert.


   Ma*nil"la  (?),  n.  [Sp.  manilla;  cf.  It.  maniglio,  maniglia; F.
   manille;  Pg.  manilha;  all  fr.  L. manus hand, and formed after the
   analogy of L. monile, pl. monilia, necklace: cf. F. manille.]

   1.  A  ring  worn upon the arm or leg as an ornament, especially among
   the tribes of Africa.

   2.  A  piece  of  copper of the shape of a horseshoe, used as money by
   certain tribes of the west coast of Africa. Simmonds.


   Ma*nil"la, a. Same as Manila.


   Ma*nille" (?), n. [F.] See 1st Manilla, 1.


   Ma"ni*oc  (?), n. [Pg. mandioca, fr. Braz.] (Bot.) The tropical plants
   (Manihot  utilissima, and M. Aipi), from which cassava and tapioca are
   prepared; also, cassava.[Written also mandioc, manihoc, manihot.]


   Man"i*ple (?), n. [L. manipulus, maniplus, a handful, a certain number
   of  soldiers;  manus  hand  +  root of plere to fill, plenus full: cf.
   F.maniple. See Manual, and Full, a.]

   1. A handful. [R.] B. Jonson.

   2.  A  division  of  the  Roman  army numbering sixty men exclusive of
   officers, any small body of soldiers; a company. Milton.

   3.  Originally, a napkin; later, an ornamental band or scarf worn upon
   the  left  arm  as  a  part  of the vestments of a priest in the Roman
   Catholic Church. It is sometimes worn in the English Church service.


   Ma*nip"u*lar (?), a. [L. manipularis: cf. F. manipulaire.]

   1. Of or pertaining to the maniple, or company.

   2. Manipulatory; as, manipular operations.


   Ma*nip"u*late  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Manipulated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Manipulating (?).] [LL. manipulatus, p. p. of manipulare to lead by
   the hand, fr. L. manipulus. See Maniple.]

   1.  To  treat,  work,  or  operate  with  the  hands,  especially when
   knowledge  and  dexterity  are  required;  to  manage in hand work; to
   handle; as, to manipulate scientific apparatus.

   2.  To  control  the  action  of,  by  management; as, to manipulate a
   convention  of  delegates;  to  manipulate  the stock market; also, to
   manage  artfully  or  fraudulently;  as,  to  manipulate  accounts, or
   election returns.


   Ma*nip"u*late,  v.  i. To use the hands in dexterous operations; to do
   hand  work;  specifically, to manage the apparatus or instruments used
   in  scientific  work,  or  in  artistic or mechanical processes; also,
   specifically, to use the hand in mesmeric operations.


   Ma*nip`u*la"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. manipulation.]

   1.  The  act  or  process  of  manipulating,  or  the  state  of being
   manipulated; the act of handling work by hand; use of the hands, in an
   artistic or skillful manner, in science or art.

     Manipulation  is  to  the  chemist  like the external senses to the
     mind. Whewell.

     2. The use of the hands in mesmeric operations.

     3.  Artful  management;  as,  the manipulation of political bodies;
     sometimes,  a  management or treatment for purposes of deception or


     Ma*nip"u*la*tive   (?),   a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  manipulation;
     performed by manipulation.


     Ma*nip"u*la`tor (?), n. One who manipulates

     Page 892


     Ma*nip"u*la*to*ry (?), a. Of or pertaining to manipulation.


     Ma"nis (?), n. [NL., fr. L. manes the ghosts or shades of the dead.
     So  called from its dismal appearance, and because it seeks for its
     food  by  night.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus  of edentates, covered with
     large,  hard, triangular scales, with sharp edges that overlap each
     other  like tiles on a roof. They inhabit the warmest parts of Asia
     and  Africa,  and  feed  on  ants.  Called also Scaly anteater. See

                            Manito, Manitou, Manitu

     Man"i*to  (?),  Man"i*tou  (?),  Man"i*tu  (?),  n. A name given by
     tribes of American Indians to a great spirit, whether good or evil,
     or to any object of worship. Tylor.

     Gitche  Manito  the  mighty,  The Great Spirit, the creator, Smiled
     upon his helpless children! Longfellow.

     Mitche  Manito  the  mighty,  He  the dreadful Spirit of Evil, As a
     serpent was depicted. Longfellow.


     Man"i*trunk  (?),  n.  [L.  manus  hand + E. trunk.] (Zo\'94l.) The
     anterior segment of the thorax in insects. See Insect.


     Man`kind" (?), n. [AS. mancynn. See Kin kindred, Kind, n.]

     1. The human race; man, taken collectively.

     The proper study of mankind is man. Pore.

     2.  Men,  as  distinguished  from  women; the male portion of human
     race. Lev. xviii. 22.

     3. Human feelings; humanity. [Obs] B. Jonson.


     Man"kind`  (?),  a.  Manlike;  not womanly; masculine; bold; cruel.

     Are women grown so mankind? Must they be wooing? Beau. & Fl.

     Be not too mankind against your wife. Chapman.


     Manks  (?), a. Of or pertaining to the language or people of the of
     Man. -- n. The language spoken in the Isle of Man. See Manx.


     Man"less (?), a.

     1. Destitute of men. Bakon.

     2. Unmanly; inhuman. [Obs.] Chapman.


     Man"less*ly, adv. Inhumanly. [Obs.]


     Man"like` (?), a. [Man + like. Cf. Manly.] Like man, or like a man,
     in  form  or nature; having the qualities of a man, esp. the nobler
     qualities; manly. " Gentle, manlike speech." Testament of Love. " A
     right manlike man." Sir P. Sidney.

     In glaring Chloe's manlike taste and mien. Shenstone.


     Man"li*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being manly.


     Man"ling (?), n. A little man. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


     Man"ly, a. [Compar. Manlier (?); superl. Manliest.] [Man + -ly. Cf.
     Manlike.]  Having  qualities  becoming  to  a  man; not childish or
     womanish; manlike, esp. brave, courageous, resolute, noble.

     Let's briefly put on manly readiness. Shak.

     Serene and manly, hardened to sustain The load of life. Dryden.

     Syn.  --  Bold;  daring; brave; courageous; firm; undaunted; hardy;
     dignified; stately.


     Man"ly, adv. In a manly manner; with the courage and fortitude of a
     manly man; as, to act manly.


     Man"na  (?),  n.  [L., fr. Gr. m\'ben; cf. Ar. mann, properly, gift
     (of heaven).]

     1.  (Script.)  The food supplied to the Israelites in their journey
     through  the  wilderness  of Arabia; hence, divinely supplied food.
     Ex. xvi. 15.

     2.  (Bot.) A name given to lichens of the genus Lecanora, sometimes
     blown  into heaps in the deserts of Arabia and Africa, and gathered
     and used as food.

     3.  (Bot.  &  Med.) A sweetish exudation in the form of pale yellow
     friable  flakes,  coming  from several trees and shrubs and used in
     medicine  as a gentle laxative, as the secretion of Fraxinus Ornus,
     and F. rotundifolia, the manna ashes of Southern Europe.

     NOTE: &hand; Pe rsian ma nna is  the secretion of the camel's thorn
     (see  Camel's  thorn,  under  Camel);  Tamarisk  manna, that of the
     Tamarisk  mannifera,  a  shrub  of Western Asia; Australian, manna,
     that  of  certain species of eucalyptus; Brian\'87on manna, that of
     the European larch.

   Manna  grass  (Bot.),  a  name  of several tall slender grasses of the
   genus  Glyceria.  they  have  long  loose  panicles, and grow in moist
   places.  Nerved  manna  grass  is Glyceria nervata, and Floating manna
   grass is G. flu. -- Manna insect (Zo\'94l), a scale insect (Gossyparia
   mannipara), which causes the exudation of manna from the Tamarisk tree
   in Arabia.

                                  Manna croup

   Man"na croup` (?). [Manna + Russ. & Pol. krupa groats, grits.]

   1.  The  portions  of  hard wheat kernels not ground into flour by the
   millstones:  a  kind  of  semolina  prepared  in  Russia  and used for
   puddings, soups, etc. -- called also manna groats.

   2. The husked grains of manna grass.


   Man"ner  (?),  n.  [OE.  manere, F. mani\'8are, from OF. manier, adj.,
   manual,  skillful, handy, fr. (assumed) LL. manarius, for L. manuarius
   belonging to the hand, fr. manus the hand. See Manual.]

   1.  Mode  of  action; way of performing or effecting anything; method;
   style; form; fashion.

     The  nations  which  thou hast removed, and placed in the cities of
     Samaria,  know not the manner of the God of the land. 2 Kings xvii.

     The  temptations of prosperity insinuate themselves after a gentle,
     but very powerful,manner. Atterbury.

   2.  Characteristic mode of acting, conducting, carrying one's self, or
   the  like; bearing; habitual style. Specifically: (a) Customary method
   of acting; habit.

     Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them. Acts xvii. 2.

     Air and manner are more expressive than words. Richardson.

   (b)  pl.  Carriage;  behavior;  deportment;  also,  becoming behavior;
   well-bred carriage and address.

     Good manners are made up of petty sacrifices. Emerson.

   (c)  The  style  of  writing  or  thought of an author; characteristic
   peculiarity of an artist.

   3. Certain degree or measure; as, it is in a manner done already.

     The bread is in a manner common. 1 Sam. xxi.5.

   4.  Sort;  kind;  style;  --  in this application sometimes having the
   sense of a plural, sorts or kinds.

     Ye tithe mint, and rue, and all manner of herbs. Luke xi. 42.

     I bid thee say, What manner of man art thou? Coleridge.

     NOTE: &hand; In  old usage, of was often omitted after manner, when
     employed in this sense. "A manner Latin corrupt was her speech."

   Chaucer.  By  any manner of means, in any way possible; by any sort of
   means.  --  To be taken in, OR with the manner. [A corruption of to be
   taken  in the mainor. See Mainor.] To be taken in the very act. [Obs.]
   See  Mainor.  --  To make one's manners, to make a bow or courtesy; to
   offer  salutation.  --  Manners  bit, a portion left in a dish for the
   sake  of  good manners. Hallwell. Syn. -- Method; mode; custom; habit;
   fashion; air; look; mien; aspect; appearance. See Method.


   Man"nered (?), a.

   1. Having a certain way, esp a. polite way, of carrying and conducting
   one's self.

     Give  her  princely  training,  that  she may be Mannered as she is
     born. Shak.

   2.  Affected  with  mannerism; marked by excess of some characteristic

     His style is in some degree mannered and confined. Hazlitt.


   Man"ner*ism  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. mani\'82risme.] Adherence to a peculiar
   style  or  manner;  a  characteristic  mode  of  action,  bearing,  or
   treatment, carried to excess, especially in literature or art.

     Mannerism  is  pardonable,and is sometimes even agreeable, when the
     manner,  though  vicious,  is natural . . . . But a mannerism which
     does  not  sit  easy  on  the  mannerist, which has been adopted on
     principle,  and  which can be sustained only by constant effort, is
     always offensive. Macaulay.


   Man"ner*ist,  n.  [Cf. F. mani\'82riste.] One addicted to mannerism; a
   person  who,  in action, bearing, or treatment, carries characteristic
   peculiarities to excess. See citation under Mannerism.


   Man"ner*li*ness  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being mannerly;
   civility; complaisance. Sir M. Hale.


   Man"ner*ly, a. Showing good manners; civil; respectful; complaisant.

     What thou thinkest meet, and is most mannerly. Shak.


   Man"ner*ly, adv. With good manners. Shak.

                                 Mannheim gold

   Mann"heim  gold"  (?). [From Mannheim in Germany, where much of it was
   made.]  A  kind of brass made in imitation of gold. It contains eighty
   per cent of copper and twenty of zinc. Ure.


   Man"nide  (?),  n. [Mannite + anhydride.] (Chem.) A white amorphous or
   crystalline   substance,  obtained  by  dehydration  of  mannite,  and
   distinct from, but convertible into, mannitan.


   Man"nish (?), a. [Man + -ish: cf. AS. mennisc, menisc.]

   1. Resembling a human being in form or nature; human. Chaucer.

     But yet it was a figure Most like to mannish creature. Gower.

   2.  Resembling,  suitable  to,  or  characteristic of, a man, manlike,
   masculine. Chaucer.

     A woman impudent and mannish grown. Shak.

   3.  Fond  of  men;  -- said of a woman. [Obs.] Chaucer. -- Man"nish*ly
   (#),adv. -- Man"nish*ness, n.


   Man"ni*tan (?), n. [Mannite + anhydrite.] (Chem.) A white amorphous or
   crystalline substance obtained by the partial dehydration of mannite.


   Man"ni*tate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of mannitic acid.


   Man"nite (?), n. [Cf. F. mannite.]

   1.  (Chem.)  A  white  crystalline substance of a sweet taste obtained
   from  a  so-called manna, the dried sap of the flowering ash (Fraxinus
   ornus);  -- called also mannitol, and hydroxy hexane. Cf. Dulcite. <--
   (MI11)  HO.CH2.(CHOH)4.CH2.OH  =  D-mannitol;  manna sugar; cordycepic
   acid;  Diosmol;  Mannicol;  Mannidex;  Osmiktrol;  Osmosal. -- used in
   pharmacy  as  excipient  and diluent for solids and liquids. Used as a
   food additive for anti-caking properties, or as a sweetener. Also used
   to   "cut"   (dilute)   illegal  drugs  such  as  cocaine  or  heroin.
   ("excipient" use) -->

   2.  (Bot.)  A  sweet  white  efflorescence  from dried fronds of kelp,
   especially from those of the Laminaria saccharina, or devil's apron.


   Man*nit"ic  (?),  a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, resembling, or derived
   from,  mannite.  Mannitic  acid  (Chem.), a white amorphous substance,
   intermediate  between  saccharic acid and mannite, and obtained by the
   partial oxidation of the latter.


   Man"ni*tol  (?),  n.  [Mannite  +  -ol.] (Chem.) The technical name of
   mannite. See Mannite.


   Man"ni*tose`  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  variety  of  sugar obtained by the
   partial oxidation of mannite, and closely resembling levulose.


   Ma*n\'d2u"vre (?), n. & v. See Maneuver.


   Man`*of*war"  (?), n; pl. Men-of-war. A government vessel employed for
   the purposes of war, esp. one of large size; a ship of war. Man-of-war
   bird (Zo\'94l.), The frigate bird; also applied to the skua gulls, and
   to the wandering albatross. -- Man-of-war hawk (Zo\'94l.), the frigate
   bird.  --  Man-of-war's  man,  a  sailor  serving in a ship of war. --
   Portuguese  man-of-war  (Zo\'94l.), any species of the genus Physalia.
   See Physalia.


   Ma*nom"e*ter  (?), n. [Gr. -meter: cf. F. manom\'8atre.] An instrument
   for  measuring  the  tension  or  elastic force of gases, steam, etc.,
   constructed  usually on the principle of allowing the gas to exert its
   elastic  force  in  raising a column of mercury in an open tube, or in
   compressing  a  portion  of  air  or  other  gas in a closed tube with
   mercury or other liquid intervening, or in bending a metallic or other
   spring  so  as  to  set  in  motion  an  index;  a pressure gauge. See
   Pressure, and Illust. of Air pump.

                           Manometric, Manometrical

   Man`o*met"ric  (?), Man`o*met"ric*al (?), a. [Cf. F. manom\'82trique.]
   Of or pertaining to the manometer; made by the manometer.


   Man"or  (?),  n. [OE. maner, OF. maneir habitation, village, F. manoir
   manor,  prop.  the  OF. inf. maneir to stay, remain, dwell, L. manere,
   and  so  called because it was the permanent residence of the lord and
   of his tenants. See Mansion, and cf. Remain.]

   1.  (Eng.  Law)  The  land belonging to a lord or nobleman, or so much
   land  as  a lord or great personage kept in his own hands, for the use
   and subsistence of his family.

     My manors, rents, revenues, l forego. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; In   th  ese da  ys, a  ma nor ra ther si gnifies th e
     jurisdiction  and royalty incorporeal, than the land or site, for a
     man  may  have  a manor in gross, as the law terms it, that is, the
     right  and  interest of a court-baron, with the perquisites thereto

   2.  (American  Law)  A  tract  of  land  occupied by tenants who pay a
   free-farm  rent to the proprietor, sometimes in kind, and sometimes by
   performing certain stipulated services. Burrill.
   Manor house, or Manor seat, the house belonging to a manor.


   Ma*no"ri*al  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to a manor. " Manorial claims."


   Man"o*scope (?), n. [Gr. -scope.] Same as Manometer.


   Ma*nos"co*py  (?),  n. The science of the determination of the density
   of vapors and gases.


   Ma*no"ver*y  (?),  n.  [See  Maneuver.]  (Eng.  Law)  A contrivance or
   maneuvering to catch game illegally.


   Man"quell`er (?), n. A killer of men; a manslayer. [Obs.] Carew.

                                Manred, Manrent

   Man"red  (?),  Man"rent`  (?),  n.  Homage  or  service  rendered to a
   superior, as to a lord; vassalage. [Obs. or Scots Law] Jamieson.


   Man"rope`  (?),  n.  (Naut.) One of the side ropes to the gangway of a
   ship. Totten.

                                 Mansard roof

   Man"sard  roof"  (?).  [So  called  from  its  inventor, Fran&cced;ois
   Mansard,  or  Mansart,  a  distinguished French architect, who died in
   1666.] (Arch.) A hipped curb roof; that is, a roof having on all sides
   two slopes, the lower one being steeper than the upper one.


   Manse  (?),  n.  [LL.  mansa,  mansus,  mansum, a farm, fr. L. manere,
   mansum, to stay, dwell. See Mansion, Manor.]

   1. A dwelling house, generally with land attached.

   2. The parsonage; a clergyman's house. [Scot.]
   Capital manse, the manor house, or lord's court.


   Man"serv`ant (?), n. A male servant.


   Man"sion  (?),  n.  [OF.  mansion, F. maison, fr. L. mansio a staying,
   remaining, a dwelling, habitation, fr. manere, mansum, to stay, dwell;
   akin to Gr. Manse, Manor, Menagerie, Menial, Permanent.]

   1.  A  dwelling  place, -- whether a part or whole of a house or other
   shelter. [Obs.]

     In my Father's house are many mansions. John xiv. 2.

     These poets near our princes sleep, And in one grave their mansions
     keep. Den

   2.  The  house of the lord of a manor; a manor house; hence: Any house
   of considerable size or pretension.

   3. (Astrol.) A twelfth part of the heavens; a house. See 1st House, 8.

   4.  The  place  in  the  heavens  occupied each day by the moon in its
   monthly revolution. [Obs.]

     The eight and twenty mansions That longen to the moon. Chaucer.

   Mansion house, the house in which one resides; specifically, in London
   and  some  other  cities,  the  official  residence of the Lord Mayor.


   Man"sion, v. i. To dwell; to reside. [Obs.] Mede.


   Man"sion*a*ry (?), a. Resident; residentiary; as, mansionary canons.


   Man"sion*ry  (?), n. The state of dwelling or residing; occupancy as a
   dwelling place. [Obs.] Shak.


   Man"slaugh`ter (?), n.

   1. The slaying of a human being; destruction of men. Milton.

   2. (Law) The unlawful killing of a man, either in negligenc


   Man"slay`er  (?),  n.  One  who  kills  a human being; one who commits


   Man"steal`er  (?),  n. A person who steals or kidnaps a human being or


   Man"steal`ing,  n.  The act or business of stealing or kidnaping human
   beings, especially with a view to e


   Man"suete  (?),  a. [L. mansuetus, p. p. of mansuescere to tame; manus
   hand  +  suescere  to  accustom:  cf. F. mansuet.] Tame; gentle; kind.
   [Obs.] Ray.


   Man"sue*tude  (?),  n. [L. mansuetudo: cf. F.mansu\'82tude.] Tameness;
   gentleness; mildness. [Archaic]


   Man"swear` (?), v. i. To swear falsely. Same as Mainswear.


   Man"ta  (?),  n. [From the native name.] (Zo\'94l.) See Coleoptera and
   Sea devil.


   Mant*choo" (?), a. & n. Same as Manchu.


   Man`teau"  (?),  n.;  pl.  F.  Manteaux  (#), E. Manteaus (#). [F. See
   Mantle, n.]

   1. A woman's cloak or mantle.

   2. A gown worn by women. [Obs.]


   Man"tel  (?), n. [The same word as mantle a garment; cf. F. manteau de
   chemin\'82e.  See  Mantle.]  (Arch.)  The  finish  around a fireplace,
   covering  the  chimney-breast  in  front  and sometimes on both sides;
   especially,  a  shelf  above the fireplace, and its supports. [Written
   also mantle.]


   Man"tel*et (?), n. [F., dim. of manteau, OF. mantel. See Mantle.]

   1.  (a)  A  short cloak formerly worn by knights. (b) A short cloak or
   mantle worn by women.

     A mantelet upon his shoulders hanging. Chaucer.

   2.  (Fort.)  A  musket-proof  shield of rope, wood, or metal, which is
   sometimes  used  for  the  protection  of  sappers  or  riflemen while
   attacking  a  fortress,  or  of gunners at embrasures; -- now commonly
   written mantlet.

   Page 893


   Man"tel*piece` (?), n. Same as Mantel.


   Man"tel*shelf` (?), n. The shelf of a mantel.


   Man"tel*tree`  (?), n. (Arch.) The lintel of a fireplace when of wood,
   as frequently in early houses.


   Man"tic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Of  or  pertaining  to  divination, or to the
   condition  of  one  inspired,  or supposed to be inspired, by a deity;
   prophetic. [R.] "Mantic fury." Trench.


   Man*til"la (?), n. [Sp. See Mantle.]

   1. A lady's light cloak of cape of silk, velvet, lace, or the like.

   2.  A  kind  of  veil,  covering  the  head  and falling down upon the
   shoulders; -- worn in Spain, Mexico, etc.


   Man"tis  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species
   of  voracious  orthopterous  insects  of  the genus Mantis, and allied
   genera. They are remarkable for their slender grotesque forms, and for
   holding  their stout anterior legs in a manner suggesting hands folded
   in  prayer. The common American species is M. Carolina. Mantis shrimp.
   (Zo\'94l.) See Sguilla.


   Man*tis"pid  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) Any neuropterous insect of the genus
   Mantispa,  and  allied  genera.  The larv\'91 feed on plant lice. Also
   used adjectively. See Illust. under Neuroptera.


   Man*tis*sa  (?),  n.  [L., an addition, makeweight; of Tuscan origin.]
   (Math.)  The  decimal  part  of a logarithm, as distinguished from the
   integral part, or characteristic.


   Man"tle (?), n. [OE. mantel, OF. mantel, F. manteau, fr. L. mantellum,
   mantelum, a cloth, napkin, cloak, mantle (cf. mantele, mantile, towel,
   napkin);  prob.  from manus hand + the root of tela cloth. See Manual,
   Textile, and cf. Mandil, Mantel, Mantilla.]

   1. A loose garment to be worn over other garments; an enveloping robe;
   a cloak. Hence, figuratively, a covering or concealing envelope.

     [The] children are clothed with mantles of satin. Bacon.

     The green mantle of the standing pool. Shak.

     Now Nature hangs her mantle green On every blooming tree. Burns.

   2. (Her.) Same as Mantling.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The external fold, or folds, of the soft, exterior
   membrane of the body of a mollusk. It usually forms a cavity inclosing
   the  gills.  See Illusts. of Buccinum, and Byssus. (b) Any free, outer
   membrane. (c) The back of a bird together with the folded wings.

   4. (Arch.) A mantel. See Mantel.

   5.  The  outer  wall  and casing of a blast furnace, above the hearth.

   6. (Hydraulic Engin.) A penstock for a water wheel.


   Man"tle,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Mantled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Mantling
   (?).]  To  cover  or  envelop, as with a mantle; to cloak; to hide; to
   disguise. Shak.


   Man"tle, v. i.

   1.  To  unfold  and  spread  out  the wings, like a mantle; -- said of
   hawks. Also used figuratively.

     Ne is there hawk which mantleth on her perch. Spenser.

     Or tend his sparhawk mantling in her mew. Bp. Hall.

     My  frail  fancy  fed  with  full delight. Doth bathe in bliss, and
     mantleth most at ease. Spenser.

   2. To spread out; -- said of wings.

     The  swan,  with  arched  neck  Between  her  white  wings mantling
     proudly, rows. Milton.

   3.  To  spread  over the surface as a covering; to overspread; as, the
   scum mantled on the pool.

     Though mantled in her cheek the blood. Sir W. Scott.

   4. To gather, assume, or take on, a covering, as froth, scum, etc.

     There  is  a  sort  of men whose visages Do cream and mantle like a
     standing pond. Shak.

     Nor bowl of wassail mantle warm. Tennyson.


   Man"tlet (?), n. See Mantelet.


   Man"tling  (?),  n.  (Her.)  The  representation  of  a mantle, or the
   drapery behind and around a coat of arms: -- called also lambrequin.


   Man"to  (?),  n.  [It.  or  Sp.  manto, abbrev., from L. mantelum. See
   Mantle.] See Manteau. [Obs.] Bailey.


   Man*tol"o*gist  (?),  n.  One  who is skilled in mantology; a diviner.


   Man*tol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. -logy.] The act or art of divination. [R.]


   Man"tra (?), n. [Skr.] A prayer; an invocation; a religious formula; a
   charm. [India]

     NOTE: &hand; Am ong th e Hi ndoos each caste and tribe has a mantra
     peculiar to itself; as, the mantra of the Brahmans.

   Balfour (Cyc. of India).


   Man"trap` (?), n.

   1. A trap for catching trespassers. [Eng.]

   2. A dangerous place, as an open hatch, into which one may fall.


   Man"tu*a (?), n.

   1.  A  superior  kind  of  rich  silk formerly exported from Mantua in
   Italy. [Obs.] Beck (Draper's Dict.).

   2. A woman's cloak or mantle; also, a woman's gown. [Obs.]


   Man"tu*a*mak`er  (?),  n.  One  who  makes  dresses, cloaks, etc., for
   women; a dressmaker.


   Man"tu*an  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  Mantua. -- n. A native or
   inhabitant of Mantua.


   Ma"nu  (?),  n. [Skr.] (Hind. Myth.) One of a series of progenitors of
   human beings, and authors of human wisdom.


   Man"u*al  (?), a. [OE. manuel, F. manuel, L. manualis, fr. manus hand;
   prob.  akin  to  AS.  mund hand, protection, OHG. munt, G. m\'81ndel a
   ward,  vormund guardian, Icel. mund hand. Cf. Emancipate, Legerdemain,
   Maintain,  Manage,  Manner,  Manur, Mound a hill.] Of or pertaining to
   the  hand; done or made by the hand; as, manual labor; the king's sign
   manual.  "Manual and ocular examination." Tatham. Manual alphabet. See
   Dactylology.  -- Manual exercise (Mil.) the exercise by which soldiers
   are  taught  the  use of their muskets and other arms. -- Seal manual,
   the  impression  of a seal worn on the hand as a ring. -- Sign manual.
   See under Sign.


   Man"u*al (?), n. [Cf. F. manuel, LL. manuale. See Manual, a.]

   1.  A  small book, such as may be carried in the hand, or conveniently
   handled;  a  handbook;  specifically,  the  service  book of the Roman
   Catholic Church.

     This manual of laws, styled the Confessor's Laws. Sir M. Hale.

   2.  (Mus.)  A  keyboard  of  an organ or harmonium for the fingers, as
   distinguished  from  the  pedals;  a  clavier,  or  set of keys. Moore
   (Encyc. of Music).

   3. (Mil.) A prescribed exercise in the systematic handing of a weapon;
   as,  the  manual  of  arms; the manual of the sword; the manual of the
   piece (cannon, mortar, etc.).


   Man"u*al*ist, n. One who works wi


   Man"u*al*ly, adv. By hand.


   Man"u*a*ry  (?),  a.  [L. manuarius, fr. manus hand.] Manual. -- n. An
   artificer. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Ma*nu"bi*al  (?),  a. [L. manubialis, fr. manubiae money obtained from
   the  sale  of booty, booty.] Belonging to spoils; taken in war. [Obs.]


   Ma*nu"bri*al  (?),  a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to a manubrium; shaped
   like a manubrium; handlelike.


   Ma*nu"bri*um  (?),  n.;  pl.  L. Manubria (#), E. Manubriums (#). [L.,
   handle, fr. manus hand.]

   1. (Anat.) A handlelike process or part; esp., the anterior segment of
   the sternum, or presternum, and the handlelike process of the malleus.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) The proboscis of a jellyfish; -- called also hypostoma.
   See Illust. of Hydromedusa.


   Man"u*code  (?), n. [Javanese manukdewata the bird of the gods: cf. F.
   manucode.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  bird of the genus Manucodia, of Australia
   and New Guinea. They are related to the bird of paradise.


   Man`u*du"cent (?), n. One who leads by the hand; a manuductor. [Obs.]


   Man`u*duc"tion  (?),  n.  [L. manus hand + ductio a leading, ducere to
   lead:  cf.  F.  manuduction.]  Guidance  by the hand. [Obs.] Glanvill.


   Man`duc"tor  (?),  n.  [L. manus the hand + ductor a leader, ducere to
   lead:  cf.  F.  manuducteur.]  (Mus.)  A  conductor; an officer in the
   ancient church who gave the signal for the choir to sing, and who beat
   time with the hand, and regulated the music. Moore (Encyc. of Music.)


   Man`u*fac"to*ry  (?),  n.;  pl.  -ries  (#).  [Cf. L. factorium an oil
   press, prop., place where something is made. See Manufacture.]

   1. Manufacture. [Obs.]

   2. A building or place where anything is manufactured; a factory.


   Man`u*fac"to*ry, a. Pertaining to manufacturing.


   Man`u*fac"tur*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to manufactures. [R.]


   Man`u*fac"ture  (?),  n.  [L.  manus  the hand + factura a making, fr.
   facere to make: cf. F. manufacture. See Manual, and Fact.]

   1.  The  operation  of  making  wares  or  any  products  by  hand, by
   machinery, or by other agency.

   2.  Anything  made from raw materials by the hand, by machinery, or by
   art, as cloths, iron utensils, shoes, machinery, saddlery, etc.


   Man`u*fac"ture,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Manufactured (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Manufacturing.] [Cf. F. manufacturer.]

   1.  To  make  (wares  or  other products) by hand, by machinery, or by
   other agency; as, to manufacture cloth, nails, glass, etc.

   2.  To  work,  as raw or partly wrought materials, into suitable forms
   for use; as, to manufacture wool, cotton, silk, or iron.


   Man`u*fac"ture, v. i. To be employed in manufacturing something.


   Man`u*fac"tur*er (?), n. One who manufactures.


   Man`u*fac"tur*ing, a.

   1.  Employed, or chiefly employed, in manufacture; as, a manufacturing
   community; a manufacturing town.

   2. Pertaining to manufacture; as, manufacturing projects.


   Ma"nul (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A wild cat (Felis manul), having long, soft,
   light-colored  fur.  It is found in the mountains of Central Asia, and
   dwells among rocks.


   Man"u*mise` (?), v. t. [See Manumit.] To manumit. [Obs.] Dryden.


   Man`u*mis"sion  (?),  n.  [L.  manumissio:  cf.  F.  manumission.  See
   Manumit.]  The  act  of  manumitting,  or  of  liberating a slave from
   bondage. "Given to slaves at their manumission." Arbuthnot.


   Man`u*mit"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Manumitted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Manumitting.] [L. manumittere, manumissum; manus the hand + mittere to
   send,  to send off. See Manual, and Missile.] To release from slavery;
   to  liberate  from personal bondage or servitude; to free, as a slave.
   "Manumitted slaves." Hume.


   Man"u*mo`tive  (?),  a.  [L.  manus  the hand + E. motive.] Movable by
   hand. [R.]


   Man"u*mo`tor  (?),  n.  [L.  manus the hand + E. motor.] A small wheel
   carriage, so constructed that a person sitting in it may move it.


   Ma*nur"a*ble (, a.

   1. Capable of cultivation. [Obs.] Sir M. Hale.

   2. Capable of receiving a fertilizing substance.


   Ma*nur"age (?), n. Cultivation. [Obs.] Warner.


   Ma*nur"ance (?), n. Cultivation. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Ma*nure"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Manured (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Manuring.] [Contr, from OF. manuvrer, manovrer, to work with the hand,
   to  cultivate by manual labor, F. man. See Manual, Ure, Opera, and cf.

   1.  To  cultivate  by  manual  labor;  to  till;  hence, to develop by
   culture. [Obs.]

     To whom we gave the strand for to manure. Surrey.

     Manure thyself then; to thyself be improved; And with vain, outward
     things be no more moved. Donne.

   2.  To  apply  manure  to; to enrich, as land, by the application of a
   fertilizing substance.

     The blood of English shall manure the ground. Shak.


   Ma*nure" (?), n. Any matter which makes land productive; a fertilizing
   substance,  as  the  contents of stables and barnyards, dung, decaying
   animal or vegetable substances, etc. Dryden.


   Ma*nure"ment,  n.  [Cf.  OF.  manouvrement.]  Cultivation.  [Obs.]  W.


   Ma*nur"er (?), n. One who manures land.


   Ma*nu"ri*al (?), a. Relating to manures.


   Ma*nur"ing  (?),  n.  The act of process of applying manure; also, the
   manure applied.


   Ma"nus  (?), n.; pl. Manus. [L., the hand.] (Anat.) The distal segment
   of the fore limb, including the carpus and fore foot or hand.


   Man"u*script  (?),  a.  [L.  manu  scriptus.  See Manual, and Scribe.]
   Written with or by the hand; not printed; as, a manuscript volume.


   Man"u*script,  n.  [LL. manuscriptum, lit., something written with the
   hand. See Manuscript, a.]

   1.  A  literary  or  musical  composition  written  with  the hand, as
   distinguished from a printed copy.

   2.  Writing,  as  opposed  to  print;  as,  the  book  exists  only in
   manuscript. Craik.

     NOTE: &hand; The word is often abbreviated to MS., plural MSS.


   Man"u*script`al (?), a. Manuscript. [Obs.]


   Man`u*ten"en*cy (?), n. [L. manus hand + tenere to hold.] Maintenance.
   [Obs.] Abp. Sancroft.


   Man"way` (?), n. A small passageway, as in a mine, that a man may pass
   through. Raymond.


   Manx  (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Isle of Man, or its inhabitants;
   as,  the  Manx language. Manx cat (Zo\'94l.), a breed of domestic cats
   having  a  rudimentary tail, containing only about three vertebrae. --
   Manx  shearwater (Zo\'94l.), an oceanic bird (Puffinus anglorum, or P.
   puffinus),  called  also  Manx  petrel,  Manx  puffin. It was formerly
   abundant in the Isle of Man.


   Manx, n. The language of the inhabitants of the Isle of Man, a dialect
   of the Celtic.


   Ma"ny  (?),  n.  [See  Meine,  Mansion.]  A  retinue  of  servants;  a
   household. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ma"ny, a. OR pron.

     NOTE: [It ha s no  variation to express degrees of comparison; more
     and  most,  which  are  used  for  the  comparative and superlative
     degrees, are from a different root.]

   [OE.  mani,  moni, AS. manig, m\'91nig, monig; akin to D. menig, OS. &
   OHG.  manag,  G. manch, Dan. mange, Sw. m\'86nge, Goth. manags, OSlav.
   mnog',  Russ.  mnogii;  cf.  Icel.  margr,  Prov. E. mort. &root;103.]
   Consisting of a great number; numerous; not few.

     Thou shalt be a father of many nations. Gen. xvii. 4.

     Not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble,
     are called. 1 Cor. i. 26.

     NOTE: &hand; Ma ny is  fr eely pr efixed to  pa rticiples, fo rming
     compounds  which  need  no  special  explanation;  as, many-angled,
     many-celled,   many-eyed,  many-footed,  many-handed,  many-leaved,
     many-lettered, many-named, many-peopled, many-petaled, many-seeded,
     many-syllabled     (polysyllabic),    many-tongued,    many-voiced,
     many-wived,  and the like.<-- in such usage equivalent to multi -->
     Comparison  is  often  expressed by many with as or so. "As many as
     were  willing hearted . . . brought bracelets." Exod. xxxv. 22. "So
     many  laws argue so many sins." Milton. Many stands with a singular
     substantive with a or an.

   Many  a,  a  large number taken distributively; each one of many. "For
   thy  sake  have  I shed many a tear." Shak. "Full many a gem of purest
   ray  serene." Gray. -- Many one, many a one; many persons. BK. of Com.
   Prayer. -- The many, the majority; -- opposed to the few. See Many, n.
   --  Too many, too numerous; hence, too powerful; as, they are too many
   for  us. L'Estrange. Syn. -- Numerous; multiplied; frequent; manifold;
   various; divers; sundry.


   Ma"ny,  n.  [AS.  menigeo, menigo, menio, multitude; akin to G. menge,
   OHG. manag\'c6, menig\'c6, Goth. managei. See Many, a.]

   1.  The  populace;  the common people; the majority of people, or of a

     After him the rascal many ran. Spenser.

   2. A large or considerable number.

     A many of our bodies shall no doubt Find native graves. Shak.

     Seeing a great many in rich gowns. Addison.

     It  will  be  concluded  by  manythat  he lived like an honest man.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th is se nse, ma ny is  connected immediately with
     another substantive (without of) to show of what the many consists;
     as, a good many [of] people think so.

     He is liable to a great many inconveniences. Tillotson.


   Ma"ny-mind`ed (?), a. Having many faculties; versatile; many-sided.


   Ma"ny*plies  (?),  n. [Many, adj. + plies, pl. of ply a fold.] (Anat.)
   The  third  division,  or  that  between  the  reticulum, or honeycomb
   stomach,  and  the  abomasum,  or  rennet  stomach,  in the stomach of
   ruminants;  the  omasum;  the  psalterium. So called from the numerous
   folds in its mucous membrane. See Illust of Ruminant.


   Ma"ny-sid`ed (?), a.

   1.  Having  many  sides;  --  said  of figures. Hence, presenting many
   questions or subjects for consideration; as, a many-sided topic.

   2.  Interested in, and having an aptitude for, many unlike pursuits or
   objects of attention; versatile. -- Ma"ny-sid`ed*ness, n.

   Page 894

                              Manyways, Manywise

   Ma"ny*ways`  (?),  Ma"ny*wise`  (?),  adv.  In  many  different  ways;


   Man`za*ni"ta  (?),  n.  [Sp., dim. of munzana an apple.] (Bot.) A name
   given  to  several  species of Arctostaphylos, but mostly to A. glauca
   and  A.  pungens,  shrubs  of  California,  Oregon, etc., with reddish
   smooth  bark,  ovate  or oval coriaceous evergreen leaves, and bearing
   clusters  of  red berries, which are said to be a favorite food of the
   grizzly bear.


   Ma"o*ri  (?),  n.;  pl.  Maoris  (.  (Ethnol.)  One  of the aboriginal
   inhabitants  of  New  Zealand;  also,  the  original  language  of New
   Zealand. -- a. Of or pertaining to the Maoris or to their language.


   Map  (?),  n.  [From  F. mappe, in mappemonde map of the world, fr. L.
   mappa  napkin,  signal  cloth;  --  a  Punic  word. Cf. Apron, Napkin,

   1. A representation of the surface of the earth, or of some portion of
   it, showing the relative position of the parts represented; -- usually
   on  a  flat  surface.  Also,  such  a  representation of the celestial
   sphere, or of some part of it.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ere ar e five principal kinds of projection used in
     making  maps: the orthographic, the stereographic, the globuar, the
     conical,   and  the  cylindrical,  or  Mercator's  projection.  See

   2.  Anything  which  represents  graphically  a  succession of events,
   states, or acts; as, an historical map.

     Thus is his cheek the map of days outworn. Shak.

   Map  lichen  (Bot.), a lichen (Lecidea geographica.) growing on stones
   in curious maplike figures. Dr. Prior.


   Map,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mapped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Mapping (?).] To
   represent  by  a map; -- often with out; as, to survey and map, or map
   out,   a   county.  Hence,  figuratively:  To  represent  or  indicate
   systematically  and  clearly;  to  sketch; to plan; as, to map, or map
   out, a journey; to map out business.

     I  am  near  to  the  place where they should meet, if Pisanio have
     mapped it truly. Shak.


   Ma*pach" (?), n. [Mexican.] The raccoon.


   Ma"ple   (?),  n.  [AS.  mapolder,  mapulder,  mapol;  akin  to  Icel.
   m\'94purr;  cf.  OHG.  mazzaltra,  mazzoltra, G. massholder.] (Bot.) A
   tree  of the genus Acer, including about fifty species. A. saccharinum
   is  the  rock  maple,  or  sugar maple, from the sap of which sugar is
   made,  in  the United States, in great quantities, by evaporation; the
   red  or  swamp  maple  is  A. rubrum; the silver maple, A. dasycarpum,
   having  fruit  wooly  when young; the striped maple, A. Pennsylvanium,
   called also moosewood. The common maple of Europe is A. campestre, the
   sycamore  maple  is  A.  Pseudo-platanus,  and  the Norway maple is A.

     NOTE: &hand; Ma ple is  much used adjectively, or as the first part
     of a compound; as, maple tree, maple leaf, etc.

   Bird's-eye  maple,  Curled  maple,  varieties  of the wood of the rock
   maple,  in which a beautiful lustrous grain is produced by the sinuous
   course  of the fibers. -- Maple honey, Maple molasses, OR Maple sirup,
   maple sap boiled to the consistency of molasses. -- Maple sugar, sugar
   obtained from the sap of the sugar maple by evaporation.


   Map"like`  (?), a. Having or consisting of lines resembling a map; as,
   the maplike figures in which certain lichens grow.


   Map"per*y  (?),  n.  [From Map.] The making, or study, of maps. [Obs.]


   Ma"qui  (?),  n.  (Bot.) A Chilian shrub (Aristotelia Maqui). Its bark
   furnishes  strings  for  musical  instruments, and a medicinal wine is
   made from its berries.


   Mar (?), n. A small lake. See Mere. [Prov. Eng.]


   Mar,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Marred (m\'84rd); p. pr. & vb. n. Marring.]
   [OE.  marren,  merren,  AS.  merran,  myrran  (in comp.), to obstruct,
   impede,  dissipate;  akin to OS. merrian, OHG. marrjan, merran; cf. D.
   marren,  meeren,  to  moor  a  ship, Icel. merja to bruise, crush, and
   Goth. marzjan to offend. Cf. Moor, v.]

   1. To make defective; to do injury to, esp. by cutting off or defacing
   a part; to impair; to disfigure; to deface.

     I pray you mar no more trees with wiring love songs in their barks.

     But mirth is marred, and the good cheer is lost. Dryden.

     Ire,  envy,  and  despair  Which  marred  all  his borrowed visage.

   2. To spoil; to ruin. "It makes us, or it mars us." "Striving to mend,
   to mar the subject." Shak.


   Mar, n. A mark or blemish made by bruising, scratching, or the like; a


   Ma"ra  (?),  n.  [Skr. m\'bera.] (Hind. Myth.) The principal or ruling
   evil spirit. E. Arnold.


   Ma"ra,  n.  [Icel.  mara  nightmare, an ogress. See Nightmare.] (Norse
   Myth.)  A  female  demon  who torments people in sleep by crouching on
   their chests or stomachs, or by causing terrifying visions.


   Ma"ra, n. (Zo\'94l.) The Patagonian cavy (Dolichotis Patagonicus.)


   Mar`a*bou" (?), n. [F.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  large  stork  of  the  genus  Leptoptilos (formerly
   Ciconia),  esp.  the  African species (L. crumenifer), which furnishes
   plumes  worn  as  ornaments.  The  Asiatic  species  (L. dubius, or L.
   argala) is the adjutant. See Adjutant. [Written also marabu.]

   2. One having five eighths negro blood; the offspring of a mulatto and
   a griffe. [Louisiana] Bartlett.


   Marabout"  (?),  n.  [F.,  from  Pg.  marabuto,  Ar.  mor\'bebit.  Cf.
   Maravedi.]  A  Mohammedan  saint;  especially,  one who claims to work
   cures supernaturally.


   Mar"a*can (?), n. [Braz. maracan\'a0.] (Zo\'94l.) A macaw.


   Ma*rai"  (?),  n.  A  sacred  inclosure or temple; -- so called by the
   islanders of the Pacific Ocean.


   Mar`a*nath"a (?), n. [Aramaic m\'beran ath\'be.] "Our Lord cometh;" --
   an  expression used by St. Paul at the conclusion of his first Epistle
   to   the   Corinthians   (xvi.   22).  This  word  has  been  used  in
   anathematizing  persons  for great crimes; as much as to say, "May the
   Lord  come  quickly  to  take  vengeance  of thy crimes." See Anathema
   maranatha, under Anathema.


   Ma*ran"ta  (?),  n. [NL.] (Bot.) A genus of endogenous plants found in
   tropical  America,  and some species also in India. They have tuberous
   roots  containing  a  large  amount  of  starch,  and from one species
   (Maranta arundinacea) arrowroot is obtained. Many kinds are cultivated
   for ornament.


   Ma`ra*schi"no  (?),  n. [It., fr. marasca, amarasca, a sour cherry, L.
   amarus  bitter.]  A liqueur distilled from fermented cherry juice, and
   flavored  with the pit of a variety of cherry which grows in Dalmatia.
   <--  Maraschino  cherry  --  a  cherry which is colored a deep red and
   sweetened  by  cooking in colored syrup, and flavored with maraschino.
   Used as a garnish in deserts and cocktails. -->


   Ma*ras"mus  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Med.) A wasting of flesh without
   fever or apparent disease; a kind of consumption; atrophy; phthisis.

     Pining atrophy, Marasmus, and wide-wasting pestilence. Milton.

   Marasmus senilis [L.], progressive atrophy of the aged.


   Ma*raud"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Marauded;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Marauding.]  [F.  marauder,  fr.  maraud  vagabond,  OF.  marault;  of
   uncertain  origin,  perh. for malault, fr. (assumed) LL. malaldus; fr.
   L.  malus  bad,  ill  +  a  suffix  of German origin (cf. Herald). Cf.
   Malice.]  To rove in quest of plunder; to make an excursion for booty;
   to plunder. "Marauding hosts." Milman.


   Ma*raud", n. An excursion for plundering.


   Ma*raud`er  (?),  n.  [From  Maraud, v.: cf. F. maraudeur.] A rover in
   quest of booty or plunder; a plunderer; one who pillages. De Quincey.


   Mar`a*ve"di   (?),   n.  [Sp.  maraved\'a1;  --  so  called  from  the
   Mor\'bebit\'c6n  (lit.,  the  steadfast),  an  Arabian  dynasty  which
   reigned  in  Africa  and Spain. Cf. Marabout.] (Numis.) A small copper
   coin  of  Spain,  equal  to  three  mils  American  money, less than a
   farthing sterling. Also, an ancient Spanish gold coin.


   Mar"ble  (?),  n.  [OE.  marbel, marbre, F. marbre, L. marmor, fr. Gr.

   1.  A  massive,  compact  limestone;  a variety of calcite, capable of
   being polished and used for architectural and ornamental purposes. The
   color  varies  from  white  to black, being sometimes yellow, red, and
   green,  and frequently beautifully veined or clouded. The name is also
   given to other rocks of like use and appearance, as serpentine or verd
   antique marble, and less properly to polished porphyry, granite, etc.

     NOTE: &hand;

   Breccia  marble  consists of limestone fragments cemented together. --
   Ruin  marble,  when  polished,  shows  forms  resembling ruins, due to
   disseminated  iron  oxide.  -- Shell marble contains fossil shells. --
   Statuary  marble is a pure, white, fine-grained kind, including Parian
   (from  Paros)  and  Carrara  marble. If coarsely granular it is called

   2.  A  thing  made  of,  or  resembling,  marble, as a work of art, or
   record,  in marble; or, in the plural, a collection of such works; as,
   the Arundel or Arundelian marbles; the Elgin marbles.

   3. A little ball of marble, or of some other hard substance, used as a
   plaything  by  children; or, in the plural, a child's game played with

     NOTE: &hand; Marble is also much used in self-explaining compounds;
     when  used figuratively in compounds it commonly means, hard, cold,
     destitute   of   compassion   or   feeling;   as,  marble-breasted,
     marble-faced, marble-hearted.


   Mar"ble, a.

   1. Made of, or resembling, marble; as, a marble mantel; marble paper.

   2. Cold; hard; unfeeling; as, a marble breast or heart.


   Mar"ble,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Marbled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Marbling
   (?).]  [Cf.  F. marbrer. See Marble, n.] To stain or vein like marble;
   to  variegate  in  color;  as,  to  marble the edges of a book, or the
   surface of paper.


   Mar"bled (?), a.

   1. Made of, or faced with, marble. [Obs.] "The marbled mansion." Shak.

   2.  Made  to  resemble marble; veined or spotted like marble. "Marbled
   paper." Boyle.

   3.  (zo\'94l.)  Varied  with  irregular  markings, or witch a confused
   blending of irregular spots and streaks.


   Mar"ble-edged`  (?),  a.  Having  the  edge  veined  or  spotted  with
   different colors like marble, as a book.


   Mar"ble*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Marbleized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Marbleizing  (?).]  To stain or grain in imitation of marble; to cover
   with  a  surface  resembling  marble; as, to marbleize slate, wood, or


   Mar"bler (, n.

   1. One who works upon marble or other stone. [R.] Fuller.

   2. One who colors or stains in imitation of marble.


   Mar"bling (?), n.

   1.  The  art  or  practice  of  variegating  in color, in imitation of

   2.  An  intermixture  of  fat  and  lean  in meat, giving it a marbled

   3.  pl.  (Zo\'94l.)  Distinct  markings resembling the variegations of
   marble, as on birds and insects.


   Mar"bly, a. Containing, or resembling, marble.


   Mar*bri"nus  (?),  n. [LL., fr. OF. & F. marble marble. See Marble.] A
   cloth woven so as to imitate the appearance of marble; -- much used in
   the 15th and 16th centuries. Beck (Draper's Dict.).


   Marc  (?),  n. [F.] The refuse matter which remains after the pressure
   of fruit, particularly of grapes.


   Marc,  n.  [AS. marc; akin to G. mark, Icel. m\'94rk, perh. akin to E.
   mark a sign. &rot;106, 273.] [Written also mark.]

   1.  A  weight of various commodities, esp. of gold and silver, used in
   different  European  countries.  In France and Holland it was equal to
   eight ounces.

   2.  A coin formerly current in England and Scotland, equal to thirteen
   shillings and four pence.

   3. A German coin and money of account. See Mark.


   Mar"can*tant  (?),  n.  [It.  mercatante.  See  Merchant.] A merchant.
   [Obs.] Shak.


   Mar"ca*site   (?),   n.   [F.  marcassite;  cf.  It.  marcassita,  Sp.
   marquesita,  Pg.  marquezita;  all  fr.  Ar. marqash\'c6tha.] (Min.) A
   sulphide   of  iron  resembling  pyrite  or  common  iron  pyrites  in
   composition,  but  differing  in  form;  white  iron  pyrites.  Golden
   marcasite, tin. [Obs.]

                           Marcasitic, Marcasitical

   Mar`ca*sit"ic  (?), Mar`ca*sit"ic*al (?), a. Containing, or having the
   nature of, marcasite.


   Mar*cas"sin (?), n. [F.] (Her.) A young wild boar.


   Mar*ca"to  (?),  a.  [It.] (Mus.) In a marked emphatic manner; -- used
   adverbially as a direction.


   Mar"cel*ine  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  L. marcidus withered, fr. marcere to
   wither,  shrivel.]  A  thin  silk  fabric  used  for linings, etc., in
   ladies' dresses.


   Mar*ces"cent  (?),  a. [L. marcescens, p. pr. of marcescere to wither,
   decay,  fr.  marcere  to  wither,  droop:  cf.  F. marcescent.] (Bot.)
   Withering without


   Mar*ces"ci*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. marcescible.] Li


   March  (?),  n. [L. Martius mensis Mars'month fr. Martius belonging to
   Mars,  the  god  of war: cf. F. mars. Cf. Martial.] The third month of
   the year, containing thirty-one days.

     The  stormy  March  is  come  at  last,  With  wind, and cloud, and
     changing skies. Bryant.

   As  mad  as  a March Hare, an old English Saying derived from the fact
   that  March  is the rutting time of hares, when they are excitable and
   violent. Wright.


   March,  n.  [OE. marche, F. marche; of German origin; cf. OHG. marcha,
   G.  mark,  akin  to  OS. marka, AS. mearc, Goth. marka, L. margo edge,
   border,  margin,  and  possibly  to  E. mark a sign. Margin, Margrave,
   Marque,  Marquis.] A territorial border or frontier; a region adjacent
   to  a  boundary line; a confine; -- used chiefly in the plural, and in
   English history applied especially to the border land on the frontiers
   between England and Scotland, and England and Wales.

     Geneva  is  situated in the marches of several dominions -- France,
     Savoy, and Switzerland. Fuller.

     Lords of waste marches, kings of desolate isles. Tennyson.


   March,  v.  i.  [Cf.  OF.  marchir.  See  2d  March.] To border; to be
   contiguous; to lie side by side. [Obs.]

     That was in a strange land Which marcheth upon Chimerie. Gower.

   To  march  with,  to  have  the  same  boundary  for a greater or less
   distance; -- said of an estate.


   March, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Marched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Marching.] [F.
   marcher,  in  OF.  also,  to  tread,  prob.  fr. L. marcus hammer. Cf.

   1.  To  move  with  regular  steps,  as a soldier; to walk in a grave,
   deliberate, or stately manner; to advance steadily. Shak.

   2.  To  proceed  by  walking  in  a body or in military order; as, the
   German army marched into France.


   March,  v.  t.  TO cause to move with regular steps in the manner of a
   soldier;  to cause to move in military array, or in a body, as troops;
   to  cause to advance in a steady, regular, or stately manner; to cause
   to go by peremptory command, or by force.

     March them again in fair array. Prior.


   March, n. [F. marche.]

   1. The act of marching; a movement of soldiers from one stopping place
   to another; military progress; advance of troops.

     These  troops  came  to the army harassed with a long and wearisome
     march. Bacon.

   2.  Hence:  Measured  and  regular  advance  or movement, like that of
   soldiers  moving  in  order; stately or deliberate walk; steady onward

     With solemn march Goes slow and stately by them. Shak.

     This  happens merely because men will not bide their time, but will
     insist on precipitating the march of affairs. Buckle.

   3.  The distance passed over in marching; as, an hour's march; a march
   of twenty miles.

   4.  A  piece  of  music  designed or fitted to accompany and guide the
   movement of troops; a piece of music in the march form.

     The drums presently striking up a march. Knolles.

   To  make a march, (Card Playing), to take all the tricks of a hand, in
   the game of euchre.


   Mach"er (?), n. One who marches.


   March"er,  n.  [See  2d  March.]  The lord or officer who defended the
   marches or borders of a territory.

                               Marchet, Merchet

   Mar"chet (?), Mer"chet (?), n. [LL. marcheta; of uncertain origin.] In
   old English and in Scots law, a fine paid to the lord of the soil by a
   tenant upon the marriage of one the tenant's daughters.


   March"ing  (?),  a.  &  n.,fr.  March,  v.  Marching money (Mil.), the
   additional pay of officer or soldier when his regiment is marching. --
   In  marching order (Mil.), equipped for a march. -- Marching regiment.
   (Mil.)  (a)  A  regiment in active service. (b) In England, a regiment
   liable  to  be  ordered  into  other  quarters,  at  home or abroad; a
   regiment of the line.


   Mar"chion-ess  (?),  n.  [LL. marchionissa, fr. marchio a marquis. See
   Marquis.] The wife or the widow of a marquis; a woman who has the rank
   and dignity of a marquis. Spelman.


   March"-mad`  (?),  a.  Extremely rash; foolhardy. See under March, the
   month. Sir W. Scott.


   March"man  (?),  n. A person living in the marches between England and
   Scotland or Wales.


   March"pane`  (?), n. [Cf. It. marzapane,Sp. pan,. massepain, prob. fr.
   L.  maza  frumenty  (Gr.  ma^za) + L. panis bread; but perh. the first
   part  of  the  word is from the name of the inventor.] A kind of sweet
   bread  or  biscuit;  a  cake of pounded almonds and sugar. [Obs.]<-- =
   marzipan --> Shak.


   March"-ward` (?), n. A warden of the marches; a marcher.


   Mar"cian (?), a. Under the influence of Mars; courageous; bold. [Obs.]


   Mar"cid (?), a. [L. marcidus, fr. marcere to wither, pine.]

   1. Pining; lean; withered. Dryden.

   2. Characterized by emaciation, as a fever. Harvey.


   Mar-cid"i-ty  (?),  n. [LL. marciditas.] The state or quality of being
   withered or lean. [R.]

   Page 895


   Mar"cion*ite  (?), n. (Eccl. Hist) A follower of Marcion, a Gnostic of
   the  second  century,  who  adopted  the  Oriental  notion  of the two
   conflicting principles, and imagined that between them there existed a
   third  power,  neither  wholly good nor evil, the Creator of the world
   and of man, and the God of the Jewish dispensation. Brande & C. 


   Mar`co*brun"ner (?), n. [G. Marcobrunner.] A celebrated Rhine wine.


   Mar"cor  (?), n. [L., fr. marcere to wither.] A wasting away of flesh;
   decay. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Mar*co"sian  (?), n. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a Gnostic sect of the second
   century,  so  called from Marcus, an Egyptian, who was reputed to be a

                                  Mardi gras

   Mar"di`  gras"  (?),  n. [F., literally, fat Tuesday.] The last day of
   Carnival;  Shrove  Tuesday;  -- in some cities a great day of carnival
   and merrymaking.


   Mare  (?),  n. [OE. mere, AS. mere, myre, fem of AS. mearh horse, akin
   to  D.  merrie mare, G. m\'84hre, OHG. marah horse, meriha mare, Icel.
   marr  horse,  OCelt. marka (Pausan. 19, 19,4), Ir. marc, W. march. Cf.
   Marshal.] The female of the horse and other equine quadrupeds.


   Mare,  n. [AS. mara incubus; akin to OHG. & Icel. mara; cf. Pol. mora,
   Bohem. m.] (Med.) Sighing, suffocative panting, intercepted utterance,
   with a sense of pressure across the chest, occurring during sleep; the
   incubus; -- obsolete, except in the compound nightmare.

     I will ride thee o' nights like the mare. Shak.

                                 Marechal Niel

   Mare"chal  Niel"  (?). [F.] A kind of large yellow rose. [Written also
   Marshal Niel.]


   Mar"eis (?), n. A Marsh. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ma*re"na  (?),  n.  [NL. Salmo maraena, G. mar\'84ne, mor\'84ne; -- so
   called  from  Lake  Morin,  in  the March of Brandenburg, in Prussia.]
   (Zo\'94l.) A European whitefish of the genus Coregonus.


   Mare"schal  (?),  n.  [OF.  mareschal, F. mar\'82chal. See Marshal.] A
   military officer of high rank; a marshal. [Obs.]


   Mare's"-nest`  (?),  n.  A  supposed discovery which turns out to be a
   hoax; something grosaly absurd.


   Mare's"-tail` (?), n.

   1.  A  long  streaky  cloud,  spreading  out  like a horse's tail, and
   believed to indicate rain; a cirrus cloud. See Cloud.

     Mackerel  sky and mare's-tails Make tall ships carry low sails. Old

   2.  (Bot.) An aquatic plant of the genus Hippuris (H.vulgaris), having
   narrow leaves in whorls.


   Mar"ga*rate (?), n. [Cf. F. margarate.] (Physiol. Chem.) A compound of
   the so-called margaric acid with a base.


   Mar*gar"ic  (?), a. [Cf. F. margarique. See Margarite.] Pertaining to,
   or  resembling,  pearl;  pearly. Margaric acid. (a) (Physiol. Chem.) A
   fatty  body, crystallizing in pearly scales, and obtained by digesting
   saponified  fats  (soaps) with an acid. It was formerly supposed to be
   an  individual  fatty  acid, but is now known to be simply an intimate
   mixture   of   stearic  and  palmitic  acids.  (b)  (Chem.)  A  white,
   crystalline substance, C17H34O2 of the fatty acid series, intermediate
   between  palmitic  and  stearic  acids,  and  obtained from the wax of
   certain lichens, from cetyl cyanide, and other sources.


   Mar"ga*rin (?), n. [Cf. F. margarine. See Margarite.] (Physiol. Chem.)
   A  fatty  substance,  extracted from animal fats and certain vegetable
   oils,  formerly  supposed  to  be  a definite compound of glycerin and
   margaric  acid, but now known to be simply a mixture or combination of
   tristearin and teipalmitin.


   Mar`as*ri*ta"ceous  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to,  or  resembling,  pearl;


   Mar"ga*rite (?), n. [L. margarita, Gr. marguerite.]

   1. A pearl. [Obs.] Peacham.

   2.  (Min.)  A  mineral  related  to  the  micas, but low in silica and
   yielding brittle folia with pearly luster.


   Mar`ga*rit"ic   (?),   a.  [Cf.  F.  margaritique.]  (Physiol.  Chem.)


   Mar`ga*ri*tif"er*ous (?), a. [L. margaritifer; margarita pearl + ferre
   to bear: cf. F. margaritif\'8are.] Producing pearls.


   Mar*gar"o*dite  (?),  n.  [Gr. (Min.) A hidrous potash mica related to


   Mar"ga*rone  (?), n. [Margaric + -one.] (Chem.) The ketone of margaric


   Mar"ga*rous  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Margaric;  --  formerly  designating a
   supposed acid. [Obs.]

                                 Margate fish

   Mar"gate  fish" (?). (Zo\'94l.) A sparoid fish (Diabasis aurolineatus)
   of  the  Gulf  of  Mexico,  esteemed  as  a  food fish; -- called also
   red-mouth grunt.


   Mar"gay  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  American  wild cat (Felis tigrina),
   ranging  from  Mexico to Brazil. It is spotted with black. Called also
   long-tailed cat.


   Marge  (?),  n.  [F.  marge. See Margin.] Border; margin; edge; verge.
   [Poetic] Tennyson.

     Along the river's stony marge. Wordsworth.


   Mar"gent  (?),  n.  [OE.  See  Margin.] A margin; border; brink; edge.

     The beached margent of the sea. Shak.


   Mar"gent,  v.  t.  To enter or note down upon the margin of a page; to
   margin. [Obs.] Mir. for Mag.


   Mar"gin  (?),  n.  [OE. margine, margent, L. margo, ginis. Cf. March a
   border, Marge.]

   1. A border; edge; brink; verge; as, the margin of a river or lake.

   2.  Specifically:  The  part  of  a page at the edge left uncovered in
   writing or printing.

   3.  (Com.) The difference between the cost and the selling price of an

   4.  Something allowed, or reserved, for that which can not be foreseen
   or known with certainty.

   5.  (Brokerage)  Collateral security deposited with a broker to secure
   him  from  loss  on  contracts  entered  into  by him on behalf of his
   principial, as in the speculative buying and selling of stocks, wheat,
   etc. N. Biddle.
   Margin   draft   (Masonry),  a  smooth  cut  margin  on  the  face  of
   hammer-dressed  ashlar,  adjacent to the joints. -- Margin of a course
   (Arch.), that part of a course, as of slates or shingles, which is not
   covered  by  the  course  immediately  above it. See 2d Gauge. Syn. --
   Border; brink; verge; brim; rim.


   Mar"gin  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Margined (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To furnish with a margin.

   2. To enter in the margin of a page.


   Mar"gin*al (?), a. [Cf. F. marginal.]

   1. Of or pertaining to a margin.

   2. Written or printed in the margin; as, a marginal note or gloss.


   Mar`gi*na"li*a (?), n. pl. [NL.] Marginal notes.


   Mar"gin*al*ly, adv. In the margin of a book.


   Mar"gin*ate  (?), a. [L. marginatus, p. p. of marginare to margin. See
   Margin, n.] Having a margin distinct in appearance or structure.


   Mar"gin*ate  (?),  v. t. To furnish with a distinct margin; to margin.
   [R.] Cockeram.


   Mar"gin*a`ted (?), a. Same as Marginate, a.


   Mar"gined (?), a.

   1. Having a margin. Hawthorne.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) Bordered with a distinct line of color.


   Mar`gi*nel"la  (?),  n.  [NL.,  dim. of L. margo, marginis, a margin.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  A genus of small, polished, marine univalve shells, native
   of all warm seas.


   Mar"gin*i*ci`dal  (?), a. [L. margo, -ginis, margin + caedere to cut.]
   (Bot.)  Dehiscent  by  the  separation  of  united carpels; -- said of


   Mar*go"sa  (?), n. [Pg. amargoso bitter.] (Bot.) A large tree of genus
   Melia (M. Azadirachta) found in India. Its bark is bitter, and used as
   a  tonic.  A valuable oil is expressed from its seeds, and a tenacious
   gum exudes from its trunk. The M. Azedarach is a much more showy tree,
   and  is cultivated in the Southern United States, where it is known as
   Pride  of  India,  Pride  of China, or bead tree. Various parts of the
   tree are considered anthelmintic.

     The  margosa oil . . . is a most valuable balsam for wounds, having
     a peculiar smell which prevents the attacks of flies. Sir S. Baker.

                            Margravate, Margraviate

   Mar"gra*vate  (?),  Mar*gra"vi*ate  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. margraviat.] The
   territory or jurisdiction of a margrave.


   Mar"grave  (?),  n.  [G.  markgraf,  prop.,  lord chief justice of the
   march;  mark  bound,  border,  march  +  graf  earl, count, lord chief
   justice;  cf. Goth. gagr\'89fts decree: cf. D. markgraaf, F. margrave.
   See March border, and cf. Landgrave, Graff.]

   1. Originally, a lord or keeper of the borders or marches in Germany.

   2. The English equivalent of the German title of nobility, markgraf; a


   Mar"gra*vine  (?),  n. [G. markgr\'84fin: cf. F. margrafine.] The wife
   of a margrave.


   Mar"gue*rite (?), n. [F., a pearl, a daisy. See Margarite.] (Bot.) The
   daisy  (Bellis perennis). The name is often applied also to the ox-eye
   daisy and to the China aster. Longfellow.


   Ma"ri*an  (?), a. Pertaining to the Virgin Mary, or sometimes to Mary,
   Queen of England, daughter of Henry VIII.

     Of all the Marian martyrs, Mr. Philpot was the best-born gentleman.

   Maid  Marian.  See  Maidmarian  in  the Vocabulary. <-- 2. a prominent
   character in the legend of Robin Hood -->


   Mar"ie (?), interj. Marry. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mar"i*et  (?),  n.  [F.  mariette, prop. dim. of Marie Mary.] (Bot.) A
   kind  of  bellflower, Companula Trachelium, once called Viola Mariana;
   but it is not a violet.


   Ma*rig"e*nous  (?),  a. [L. mare the sea + -genous.] Produced in or by
   the sea.


   Mar"i*gold  (?),  n.  [Mary  + gold.] (Bot.) A name for several plants
   with golden yellow blossoms, especially the Calendula officinalis (see
   Calendula), and the cultivated species of Tagetes.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ere are several yellow-flowered plants of different
     genera bearing this name; as, the African OR French marigold of the
     genus  Tagetes,  of  which  several  species and many varieties are
     found  in gardens. They are mostly strong-smelling herbs from South
     America  and  Mexico:  bur  marigold,  of  the  genus  Bidens; corn
     marigold,  of  the  genus  Chrysanthemum (C. segetum, a pest in the
     cornfields  of Italy); fig marigold, of the genus Mesembryanthemum;
     marsh  marigold, of the genus Caltha (C. palustris), commonly known
     in America as the cowslip. See Marsh Marigold.

   Marigold window. (Arch.) See Rose window, under Rose.


   Mar`i*ki"na  (?),  n.  [From  the  native  name:  cf. Pg. mariquinha.]
   (Zo\'94l) A small marmoset (Midas rosalia); the silky tamarin.


   Ma*rim"ba  (?), n. [Pg.] A musical istrument of percussion, consisting
   of bars yielding musical tones when struck. Knight.


   Mar`i*mon"da   (?),  n.  [Sp.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  spider  monkey  (Ateles
   belzebuth) of Central and South America.


   Mar`i*nade"  (?),  n.  [F.:  cf.  It. marinato marinade, F. mariner to
   preserve  food  for  use  at  sea. See Marinate.] (Cookery) A brine or
   pickle  containing  wine  and spices, for enriching the flavor of meat
   and fish.


   Mar"i*nate  (?),  v.  t.  [See  Marine,  and cf. Marinade.] To salt or
   pickle,  as  fish,  and then preserve in oil or vinegar; to prepare by
   the use of marinade.


   Ma*rine" (?), a. [L. marinus, fr. mare the sea: cf. F. marin. See Mere
   a pool.]

   1.  Of  or pertaining to the sea; having to do with the ocean, or with
   navigation  or  naval  affairs;  nautical;  as,  marine productions or
   bodies; marine shells; a marine engine.

   2.  (Geol.)  Formed by the action of the currents or waves of the sea;
   as, marine deposits.
   Marine  acid  (Chem.),  hydrochloric acid. [Obs.] -- Marine barometer.
   See  under Barometer. -- Marine corps, a corps formed of the officers,
   noncommissioned  officers,  privates,  and  musicants  of  marines.<--
   officially  part  of  the  navy,  but  now  considered one of the four
   branches of the armed forces in the US --> -- Marine engine (Mech.), a
   steam  engine for propelling a vessel. -- Marine glue. See under Glue.
   --  Marine  insurance,  insurance  against  the  perils  of  the  sea,
   including  also  risks  of  fire,  piracy,  and  barratry.  --  Marine
   interest,  interest  at  any  rate  agreed  on  for  money  lent  upon
   respondentia  and  bottomry  bonds.  --  Marine law. See under Law. --
   Marine  league, three geographical miles. -- Marine metal, an alloy of
   lead,  antimony,  and mercury, made for sheathing ships. Mc Elrath. --
   Marine  soap,  cocoanut  oil  soap;  -- so called because, being quite
   soluble  in salt water, it is much used on shipboard. -- Marine store,
   a  store  where  old  canvas, ropes, etc., are bought and sold; a junk
   shop. [Eng.]


   Ma*rine",  n.  [F. marin a sea solider, marine naval economy, a marine
   picture, fr. L. marinus. See Marine, a.]

   1.  A  solider  serving  on shipboard; a sea soldier; one of a body of
   troops  trained  to  do  duty  in the navy. <-- a member of the marine
   corps -->

   2.  The  sum  of  naval  affairs;  naval  economy;  the  department of
   navigation  and  sea forces; the collective shipping of a country; as,
   the mercantile marine.

   3. A picture representing some marine subject.
   Tell  that  to  the  marines,  an expression of disbelief, the marines
   being regarded by sailors as credulous. [Colloq.]
   Ma*rined"  (?), a. [Cf. F. marin\'82.] (Her.) Having the lower part of
   the body like a fish. Crabb. 


   Mar"i*ner (?), n. [F. marinier, LL. marinarius. See Marine.] One whose
   occupation  is  to  assist  in  navigating  ships; a seaman or sailor.
   Chaucer. Mariner's compass. See under Compass.


   Mar"i*ner*ship, n. Seamanship. [Obs.] Udalt.


   Mar`i*no*ra"ma   (?),  n.  [NL.,  from  L.  marinus  marine  +  Gr.  A
   representation of a sea view.


   Ma`ri*ol"a*ter  (?),  n. [See Mariolatry.] One who worships the Virgin


   Ma`ri*ol"a*try (?), n. [Gr. The worship of the Virgin Mary.


   Mar`i*o*nette" (?), n. [F. marionette, prop. a dim. of Marie Mary.]

   1. A puppet moved by strings, as in a puppet show.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The buffel duck.

                                Mariotte's law

   Ma`ri*otte's law` (?). (Physics.) See Boyle's law, under Law.

                                 Mariposa lily

   Ma`ri*po"sa  lil`y (?). [Sp. mariposa a butterfly + E. lily. So called
   from  the  gay  apperance  of  the  blossoms.]  (Bot.)  One of a genus
   (Calochortus)  of  tuliplike  bulbous  herbs  with  large,  and  often
   gaycolored,  blossoms.  Called  also  butterfly lily. Most of them are
   natives of California.


   Mar"i*put (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A species of civet; the zoril.


   Mar"ish  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. marais, LL. marascus. See Marsh.] Low, wet
   ground; a marsh; a fen; a bog; a moor. [Archaic] Milton. Tennyson.


   Mar"ish, a.

   1. Moory; fenny; boggy. [Archaic]

   2. Growing in marshes. "Marish flowers." Tennyson.


   Mar"i*tal  (?),  a.  [F.,  fr.  L. maritalis, fr. maritus belonging to
   marriage, n., a husband. See Marry, v.] Of or pertaining to a husband;
   as, marital rights, duties, authority. "Marital affection." Ayliffe.


   Mar"i*ta`ted  (?),  a.  [L.  maritatus  married.]  Having  a  husband;
   married. [Obs.]

                             Maritimal, Maritimale

   Ma*rit"i*mal, Ma*rit"i*male (?), a. See Maritime. [Obs.]


   Mar"i*time  (?),  a. [L. maritimus, fr. mare the sea: cf. F. maritime.
   See Mere a pool.]

   1.  Bordering  on, or situated near, the ocean; connected with the sea
   by  site,  interest, or power; having shipping and commerce or a navy;
   as, maritime states. "A maritime town." Addison.

   2. Of or pertaining to the ocean; marine; pertaining to navigation and
   naval affairs, or to shipping and commerce by sea. "Maritime service."
   Sir H. Wotton.
   Maritime law. See Law. -- Maritime loan, a loan secured by bottomry or
   respodentia  bonds.  --  Martime nations, nations having seaports, and
   using the sea more or less for war or commerce.


   Mar"jo*ram  (?), n. [OE. majoran, F. marjolaine, LL. marjoraca, fr. L.
   amaracus,  amaracum,  Gr. (Bot.) A genus of mintlike plants (Origanum)
   comprising about twenty-five species. The sweet marjoram (O. Majorana)
   is pecularly aromatic and fragrant, and much used in cookery. The wild
   marjoram  of  Europe and America is O. vulgare, far less fragrant than
   the other.


   Mark (?), n. A license of reprisals. See Marque.


   Mark, n. [See 2d Marc.]

   1. An old weight and coin. See Marc. "Lend me a mark." Chaucer.

   2.  The  unit  of monetary account of the German Empire, equal to 23.8
   cents  of United States money; the equivalent of one hundred pfennigs.
   Also,  a  silver  coin  of  this  value. <-- in 1995, approx. 65 cents
   American -->


   Mark,  n. [OE. marke, merke, AS. mearc; akin to D. merk, MHG. marc, G.
   marke,  Icel.  mark,  Dan.  m\'91rke;  cf. Lith. margas party-colored.
   &root;106, 273. Cf. Remark.]

   1.  A  visible  sign or impression made or left upon anything; esp., a
   line,  point, stamp, figure, or the like, drawn or impressed, so as to
   attract  the  attention  and  convey some information or intimation; a
   token; a trace.

     The  Lord  set  a  mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill
     him. Gen. iv. 15.

   Page 896

   2.  Specifically:  (a)  A  character  or  device  put on an article of
   merchandise  by  the  maker to show by whom it was made; a trade-mark.
   (b) A character (usually a cross) made as a substitute for a signature
   by one who can not write.

     The mark of the artisan is found upon the most ancient fabrics that
     have come to light. Knight.

   3.  A  fixed  object serving for guidance, as of a ship, a traveler, a
   surveyor, etc.; as, a seamark, a landmark.

   4.  A  trace,  dot,  line,  imprint,  or  discoloration,  although not
   regarded  as  a  token or sign; a scratch, scar, stain, etc.; as, this
   pencil makes a fine mark.

     I have some marks of yours upon my pate. Shak.

   5.  An  evidence  of  presence,  agency, or influence; a significative
   token;  a  symptom;  a  trace; specifically, a permanent impression of
   one's activity or character.

     The confusion of tongues was a mark of separation. Bacon.

   6. That toward which a missile is directed; a thing aimed at; what one
   seeks to hit or reach.

     France was a fairer mark to shoot at than Ireland. Davies.

     Whate'er the motive, pleasure is the mark. Young.

   7. Attention, regard, or respect.

     As much in mock as mark. Shak.

   8.  Limit or standard of action or fact; as, to be within the mark; to
   come up to the mark.

   9. Badge or sign of honor, rank, or official station.

     In the official marks invested, you Anon do meet the Senate. Shak.

   10. Pre\'89minence; high position; as, particians of mark; a fellow of
   no mark.

   11. (Logic) A characteristic or essential attribute; a differential.

   12.  A  number  or other character used in registring; as, examination
   marks; a mark for tardiness.

   13.  Image;  likeness;  hence,  those formed in one's image; children;
   descendants. [Obs.] "All the mark of Adam." Chaucer.

   14.  (Naut.)  One  of the bits of leather or colored bunting which are
   placed  upon a sounding line at intervals of from two to five fathoms.
   The unmarked fathoms are called "deeps."
   A  man  of  mark, a conspicuous or eminent man. -- To make one's mark.
   (a)  To sign, as a letter or other writing, by making a cross or other
   mark. (b) To make a distinct or lasting impression on the public mind,
   or  on  affairs;  to  gain  distinction.  Syn. -- Impress; impression;
   stamp;  print; trace; vestige; track; characteristic; evidence; proof;
   token; badge; indication; symptom.


   Mark  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Marked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Marking.]
   [OE. marken, merken, AS. mearcian, from mearc. See Mark the sign.]

   1.  To  put  a  mark  upon;  to  affix  a significant mark to; to make
   recognizable  by  a mark; as, to mark a box or bale of merchandise; to
   mark clothing.

   2. To be a mark upon; to designate; to indicate; -- used literally and
   figuratively;  as,  this monument marks the spot where Wolfe died; his
   courage and energy marked him for a leader.

   3.  To  leave  a  trace,  scratch,  scar,  or other mark, upon, or any
   evidence  of action; as, a pencil marks paper; his hobnails marked the

   4.  To  keep  account  of;  to enumerate and register; as, to mark the
   points in a game of billiards or cards.

   5.  To  notice  or  observe; to give attention to; to take note of; to
   remark; to heed; to regard. "Mark the perfect man." Ps. xxxvii. 37.
   To  mark  out.  (a)  To  designate,  as  by a mark; to select; as, the
   ringleaders  were  marked  out  for  punishment.  (b) To obliterate or
   cancel  with a mark; as, to mark out an item in an account. -- To mark
   time  (Mil.),  to  keep the time of a marching step by moving the legs
   alternately  without  advancing.  Syn.  --  To  note;  remark; notice;
   observe;  regard;  heed;  show;  evince; indicate; point out; betoken;
   denote; characterize; stamp; imprint; impress; brand. 


   Mark, v. i. To take particular notice; to observe critically; to note;
   to remark.

     Mark,  I  pray  you, and see how this man seeketh maschief. 1 Kings
     xx. 7.


   Mark"a*ble (?), a. Remarkable. [Obs.] Sandys.


   Marked  (?),  a.  Designated  or  distinguished  by, or as by, a mark;
   hence;  noticeable;  conspicuous;  as, a marked card; a marked coin; a
   marked  instance.  -- Mark"ed*ly (#), adv. J. S. Mill. A marked man, a
   man  who  is  noted  by  a  community,  or  by  a  part of it, as, for
   excellence or depravity; -- usually with an unfavorable suggestion.


   Mar*kee" (?), n. See Marquee.


   Mark"er (?), n. One who or that which marks. Specifically: (a) One who
   keeps account of a game played, as of billiards. (b) A counter used in
   card  playing  and  other  games. (c) (Mil.) The soldier who forms the
   pilot  of  a  wheeling column, or marks the direction of an alignment.
   (d) An attachment to a sewing machine for marking a line on the fabric
   by creasing it.


   Mar"ket  (?),  n.  [Akin  to  D.  markt, OHG. mark\'bet, merk\'bet, G.
   markt;  all  fr.L.  mercatus  trade,  market place, fr. mercari, p. p.
   mercatus,  to  trade,  traffic, merx, mercis, ware, merchandise, prob.
   akin to merere to deserve, gain, acquire: cf. F. march\'82. See Merit,
   and cf. Merchant, Mart.]

   1.  A  meeting together of people, at a stated time and place, for the
   purpose  of traffic (as in cattle, provisions, wares, etc.) by private
   purchase  and  sale,  and  not by auction; as, a market is held in the
   town every week.

     He  is wit's peddler; and retails his wares At wakes, and wassails,
     meetings, markets, fairs. Shak.

     Three women and a goose make a market. Old Saying.

   2.  A  public  place (as an open space in a town) or a large building,
   where  a market is held; a market place or market house; esp., a place
   where provisions are sold.

     There is at Jerusalem by the sheep market a pool. John v. 2.

   3.  An  opportunity  for  selling  anything; demand, as shown by price
   offered  or  obtainable;  a town, region, or country, where the demand
   exists;  as,  to find a market for one's wares; there is no market for
   woolen cloths in that region; India is a market for English goods.

     There  is  a  third  thing  to  be  considered: how a market can be
     created  for  produce,  or  how  production  can  be limited to the
     capacities of the market. J. S. Mill.

   4.  Exchange, or purchase and sale; traffic; as, a dull market; a slow

   5.  The  price  for  which  a thing is sold in a market; market price.
   Hence: Value; worth.

     What  is  a  man If his chief good and market of his time Be but to
     sleep and feed ? Shak.

   6.  (Eng.  Law)  The  privelege  granted  to a town of having a public

     NOTE: &hand; Ma rket is  of ten us ed ad jectively, or  in  forming
     compounds of obvious meaning; as, market basket, market day, market
     folk,  market  house, marketman, market place, market price, market
     rate, market wagon, market woman, and the like.

   Market  beater,  a swaggering bully; a noisy braggart. [Obs.] Chaucer.
   --  Market bell, a bell rung to give notice that buying and selling in
   a market may begin. [Eng.] Shak. -- Market cross, a cross set up where
   a market is held. Shak. -- Market garden, a garden in which vegetables
   are  raised for market. -- Market gardening, the raising of vegetables
   for  market.  -- Market place, an open square or place in a town where
   markets  or public sales are held. -- Market town, a town that has the
   privilege of a stated public market.


   Mar"ket (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Marketed; p. pr. & vb. n. Marketing.]
   To  deal  in a market; to buy or sell; to make bargains for provisions
   or goods.


   Mar"ket,  v. t. To expose for sale in a market; to traffic in; to sell
   in a market, and in an extended sense, to sell in any manner; as, most
   of the farmes have marketed their crops.

     Industrious  merchants meet, and market there The world's collected
     wealth. Southey.


   Mar"ket*a*ble (?), a.

   1.  Fit  to be offered for sale in a market; such as may be justly and
   lawfully sold; as, dacayemarketable.

   2. Current in market; as, marketable value.

   3.  Wanted by purchasers; salable; as, furs are not marketable in that


   Mar"ket*a*ble*ness, n. Quality of being marketable.


   Mar"ket*er  (?),  n.  One who attends a market to buy or sell; one who
   carries goods to market.


   Mar"ket*ing, n.

   1. The act of selling or of purchasing in, or as in, a market.

   2. Articles in, or from, a market; supplies.


   Mar"ket*stead (?), n. [Market + stead a place.] A market place. [Obs.]


   Mark"hoor`  (?),  n.  [Per. m\'ber-kh snake eater.] (Zo\'94l.) A large
   wild  goat  (Capra  megaceros), having huge flattened spiral horns. It
   inhabits the mountains of Northern India and Cashmere.


   Mark"ing (?), n. The act of one who, or that which, marks; the mark or
   marks  made;  arrangement or disposition of marks or coloring; as, the
   marking  of a bird's plumage. Marking ink, indelible ink, because used
   in  marking  linen.  --  Marking nut (Bot.), the nut of the Semecarpus
   Anacardium,  an  East  Indian  tree.  The  shell  of  the nut yields a
   blackish  resinous  juice  used  for  marking cotton cloth, and an oil
   prepared from it is used for rheumatism.


   Mar"kis (?), n. A marquis. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mar"kis*esse (?), n. A marchioness. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mark"man (?), n. A marksman. [Obs.] Shak.


   Marks"man (?), n.; pl. Marksmen (#). [Earlier markman; mark + man.]

   1.  One skillful to hit a mark with a missile; one who shoots well.<--
   esp. with a rifle. A designation in the army. -->

   2.  (Law)  One  who  makes  his  mark, instead of writing his name, in
   signing documents. Burrill.


   Marks"man*ship, n. Skill of a marksman.


   Marl  (?),  v.  t. [See Marline.] (Naut.) To cover, as part of a rope,
   with  marline,  marking  a  pecular  hitch  at  each  turn  to prevent
   unwinding. Marling spike. (Naut.) See under Marline.


   Marl,  n.  [OF.  marle,  F. marne, LL. margila, dim. of L. marga marl.
   Originally  a  Celtic  word,  according to Pliny, xvii. 7: "Quod genus
   terr\'91  Galli et Britanni margam vocant." &root;274.] A mixed earthy
   substance,  consisting  of  carbonate of lime, clay, and sand, in very
   varivble   proportions,  and  accordingly  designated  as  calcareous,
   clayey, or sandy. See Greensand.


   Marl,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Marled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Marling.] [Cf.
   F.  marner.  See  Marl,  n.] To overspread or manure with marl; as, to
   marl a field.


   Mar*la"ceous  (?),  a.  Resembling marl; partaking of the qualities of


   Mar"lin  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) The American great marbled godwit (Limosa
   fedoa).  Applied also to the red-breasted godwit (Limosa h\'91matica).
   Hook-billed  marlin,  a curlew. <-- 2. [from marlinspike, the shape of
   its  bill]  any of several marine billfishes of the genera Makaira and
   Tetrapturus, popular as game in sport fishing -->


   Mar"line (?), n. [LG. marlien, marling, or D. marling, marlijn, fr. D.
   marren to tie, prob. akin to E. moor, v., and lijn line: cf.F. merlin.
   See  Moor,  v.,  Line.] (Naut.) A small line composed of two strands a
   little  twisted,  used for winding around ropes and cables, to prevent
   their  being  weakened  by  fretting.  Marline  spike,  Marling  spike
   (Naut.),  an  iron  tool  tapering  to  a  point, used to separate the
   strands  of  a  rope  in splicing and in marling. It has an eye in the
   thick  end  to  which  a  lanyard  is attached. See Fid. [Written also
   marlin  spike]  --  Marline-spike  bird. [The name alludes to the long
   middle  tail  feathers.] (Zo\'94l.) (a) A tropic bird. (b) A jager, or
   skua gull.


   Mar"line (?), v. t. [F. merliner.] (Naut.) To wind marline around; as,
   to marline a rope.


   Marl"ite  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. marlite. See Marl, n.] (Min.) A variety of


   Mar*lit"ic (?), a. Partaking of the qualites of marlite.


   Marl"pit` (?), n. Apit where marl is dug.


   Marl"stone`  (?), n. (Geol.) A sandy calcareous straum, containing, or
   impregnated  with, iron, and lying between the upper and lower Lias of


   Marl"y  (?), a. [Compar. Marlier (?); superl. Marliest.] Consisting or
   partaking of marl; resembling marl; abounding with marl.


   Mar"ma*lade  (?),  n.  [F.  marmelade, Pg. marmelada, fr. marm\'82lo a
   quince,  fr.  L.  melimelum  honey  apple,  Gr. Mellifluous, Melon.] A
   preserve or confection made of the pulp of fruit, as the quince, pear,
   apple,  orange,  etc.,  boiled  with  sugar,  and brought to a jamlike
   consistence.   Marmalade  tree  (Bot.),  a  sapotaceous  tree  (Lucuma
   mammosa) of the West Indies and Tropical America. It has large obovate
   leaves  and  an  egg-shaped  fruit  from  three  to  five inches long,
   containing a pleasant-flavored pulp and a single large seed. The fruit
   is  called  marmalade,  or natural marmalade, from its consistency and
   flavor. <-- produces -->
   Mar"ma*let` (?), n. See Marmalade. [Obs.]
   Mar"ma*tite  (?),  n. [Cf. F. marmatite.] (Min.) A ferruginous variety
   of shalerite or zinc blende, nearly black in color.
   Mar"mo*lite  (?),  n. [Gr. -lite.] (Min.) A thin, laminated variety of
   serpentine, usually of a pale green color. 


   Mar`mo*ra"ceous (?), a. [L. marmor marble. See Marble.] Pertaining to,
   or like, marble.

                             Marmorate, Marmorated

   Mar"mo*rate  (?),  Mar"mo*ra`ted  (?),  a.  [L.  marmoratus,  p. p. of
   marmorate  to overlay with marble, fr. marmor marble.] Variegated like
   marble; covered or overlaid with marble. [R.]


   Mar`mo*ra"tion  (?), n. [L. marmoratio.] A covering or incrusting with
   marble;  a  casing  of marble; a variegating so as to resemble marble.

                                Marmoratum opus

   Mar`mo*ra`tum  o"pus (?). [L. See Marmorate, and Opus.] (Arch.) A kind
   of  hard  finish  for plasterwork, made of plaster of Paris and marble
   dust, and capable of taking a high polish.

                             Marmoreal, Marmorean

   Mar*mo"re*al  (?),  Mar*mo"re*an  (?),  a.  [L.  marmoreus, fr. marmor
   marble:   cf.   F.   marmor\'82en.  See  Marble.]  Pertaining  to,  or
   resembling, marble; made of marble.


   Mar`mo*ro"sis  (?),  n.  [NL.]  (Geol.) The metamorphism of limestone,
   that is, its conversion into marble. Geikie.


   Mar"mose`   (?),  n.  [F.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  species  of  small  opossum
   (Didelphus murina) ranging from Mexico to Brazil.


   Mar"mo*set`  (?),  n. [F. marmouset a grotesque figure, an ugly little
   boy,  prob. fr. LL. marmoretum, fr. L. marmor marble. Perhaps confused
   with  marmot.  See  Marble.] (Zo\'94l.) Any one of numerous species of
   small  South  American  monkeys of the genera Hapale and Midas, family
   Hapalid\'91. They have long soft fur, and a hairy, nonprehensile tail.
   They are often kept as pets. Called also squirrel monkey.


   Mar"mot (?), n. [It. marmotta, marmotto, prob. fr. L. mus montanus, or
   mus montis, lit., mountain mouse or rat. See Mountain, and Mouse.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  rodent of the genus Arctomys. The common European
   marmot  (A.  marmotta) is about the size of a rabbit, and inhabits the
   higher regions of the Alps and Pyrenees. The bobac is another European
   species.  The  common American species (A. monax) is the woodchuck.<--
   related  to  the  woodchuck, (groundhog) but usually used only for the
   western variety -->

   2.  Any  one  of several species of ground squirrels or gophers of the
   genus Spermophilus; also, the prairie dog.
   Marmot  squirrel  (Zo\'94l.),  a  ground  squirrel  or spermophile. --
   Prairie marmot. See Prairie dog.

                                 Marmottes oil

   Mar"mottes  oil`  (?).  A  fine oil obtained from the kernel of Prunus
   brigantiaca. It is used instead of olive or almond oil. De Colange.


   Mar"mo*zet` (?), n. See Marmoset.


   Ma*rone" (?), n. See Maroon, the color.


   Mar"o*nite  (?),  n.;  pl. Maronites (. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a body of
   nominal Christians, who speak the Arabic language, and reside on Mount
   Lebanon and in different parts of Syria. They take their name from one
   Maron of the 6th century.


   Ma*roon"  (?),  n. [Written also marroon.] [F. marron, abbrev. fr. Sp.
   cimarron  wild,  unruly,  from  cima  the summit of a mountain; hence,
   negro  cimarron  a  runaway negro that lives in the mountains.] In the
   West  Indies  and Guiana, a fugitive slave, or a free negro, living in
   the mountains.


   Ma*roon",  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Marooned  (?);  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Marooning.] [See Maroon a fugitive slave.] To put (a person) ashore on
   a desolate island or coast and leave him to his fate. Marooning party,
   a social excursion party that sojourns several days on the shore or in
   some retired place; a prolonged picnic. [Southern U. S.] Bartlett.

   Page 897


   Ma*roon"  (?),  a.  [F.  marron  chestnut-colored,  fr. marron a large
   French  chestnut,  It.  marrone;  cf.  LGr.  Marron.] Having the color
   called maroon. See 4th Maroon. Maroon lake, lake prepared from madder,
   and distinguished for its transparency and the depth and durability of
   its color.


   Ma*roon", n.

   1.  A  brownish or dull red of any description, esp. of a scarlet cast
   rather than approaching crimson or purple.

   2. An explosive shell. See Marron, 3.


   Mar"plot` (?), n. One who, by his officious


   Marque  (?),  n.  [F.  marque, in lettre de marque letter of marque, a
   commission with which the commandant of every armed vessel was obliged
   to be provided, under penalty of being considered a pirate or corsair;
   marque  here  prob.  meaning,  border,  boundary (the letter of marque
   being a permission to go beyond the border), and of German origin. See
   March  border.]  (Law) A license to pass the limits of a jurisdiction,
   or boundary of a country, for the purpose of making reprisals. Letters
   of  marque, Letters of marque and reprisal, a license or extraordinary
   commission  granted  by  a government to a private person to fit out a
   privateer or armed ship to cruise at sea and make prize of the enemy's
   ships  and merchandise. The ship so commissioned is sometimes called a
   letter of marque. <-- privateer -->
   Mar*quee"  (?),  n.  [F.  marquise,  misunderstood  as a plural; prob.
   orig.,  tent  of  the  marchioness.  See Marquis.] A large field tent;
   esp., one adapted to the use of an officer of high rank. [Written also


   Mar"quess  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Sp.  marques. See Marquis.] A marquis. Lady
   marquess, a marchioness. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mar"quet*ry (?), n. [F. marqueterie, from marqueter to checker, inlay,
   fr.  marque  mark,  sign;  of  German origin. See Mark a sign.] Inlaid
   work; work inlaid with pieces of wood, shells, ivory, and the like, of
   several colors.


   Mar"quis  (?), n. [F. marquis, OF. markis, marchis, LL. marchensis; of
   German  origin;  cf.  G.  mark  bound, border, march, OHG. marcha. See
   March  border,  and cf. Marchioness, Marquee, Marquess.] A nobleman in
   England,  France,  and  Germany,  of  a  rank next below that of duke.
   Originally,  the  marquis  was  an officer whose duty was to guard the
   marches  or  frontiers  of the kingdom. The office has ceased, and the
   name is now a mere title conferred by patent.


   Mar"quis*ate  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. marquisat.] The seigniory, dignity, or
   lordship of a marquis; the territory governed by a marquis.


   Mar"quis*dom (?), n. A marquisate. [Obs.] "Nobles of the marquisdom of
   Saluce." Holinshed.


   Mar`quise"  (?),  n.  [F. See Marquis, and cf. Marquee.] The wife of a
   marquis; a marchioness.


   Mar"quis*ship (?), n. A marquisate.


   Mar"ram  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  coarse  grass  found  on  sandy  beaches
   (Ammophila arundinacea). See Beach grass, under Beach.


   Mar"rer (?), n. One who mars or injures.


   Mar"ri*a*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. mariable.] Marriageable. [R.] Coleridge.


   Mar"riage (?), n. [OE. mariage, F. mariage. See Marry, v. t.]

   1.  The act of marrying, or the state of being married; legal union of
   a man and a woman for life, as husband and wife; wedlock; matrimony.

     Marriage is honorable in all. Heb. xiii. 4.

   2. The marriage vow or contract. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   3. A feast made on the occasion of a marriage.

     The  kingdom  of  heaven  is  like unto a certain king which made a
     marriage for his son. Matt. xxii. 2.

   4. Any intimate or close union.
   Marriage  brokage.  (a)  The business of bringing about marriages. (b)
   The  payment  made  or  demanded for the procurement of a marriage. --
   Marriage  favors, knots of white ribbons, or bunches of white flowers,
   worn  at  weddings.  --  Marriage  settlement  (Law),  a settlement of
   property   in  view,  and  in  consideration,  of  marriage.  Syn.  --
   Matrimony;   wedlock;   wedding;  nuptials.  --  Marriage,  Matrimony,
   Wedlock.  Marriage  is  properly the act which unites the two parties,
   and  matrimony  the state into which they enter. Marriage is, however,
   often  used  for  the  state  as  well  as the act. Wedlock is the old
   Anglo-Saxon term for matrimony.


   Mar`riage*a*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   The   quality  or  state  of  being


   Mar"riage*a*ble (?), a. Fit for, or capable of, marriage; of an age at
   which marriage is allowable. -- Mar"riage*a*ble*ness, n.


   Marr"ried (?), a.

   1.  Being  in  the  state  of  matrimony; wedded; as, a married man or

   2. Of or pertaining to marriage; connubial; as, the married state.


   Mar"ri*er (?), n. One who marries.


   Mar*ron" (?), n. [See Maroon, a.]

   1. A large chestnut. [Obs.] Holland.

   2. A chestnut color; maroon.

   3. (Pyrotechny & Mil.) A paper or pasteboard box or shell, wound about
   with  strong twine, filled with an explosive, and ignited with a fuse,
   -- used to make a noise like a cannon. [Written also maroon.]


   Mar*roon" (?), n. & a. Same as 1st Maroon.


   Mar"rot  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The razor-billed auk. See Auk. (b) The
   common  guillemot. (c) The puffin. [Prov. Eng.] [Written also marrott,
   and morrot.]


   Mar"row (?), n. [OE. marou, mary, maruh, AS. mearg, mearh; akin to OS.
   marg,  D. merg, G. Mark, OHG. marg, marag, Icel. mergr, Sw. merg, Dan.
   marv,  Skr.  majjan;  cf. Skr. majj to sink, L. mergere. &root;274 Cf.

   1.  (Anat.)  The  tissue  which  fills the cavities of most bones; the
   medulla.  In the larger cavities it is commonly very fatty, but in the
   smaller cavities it is much less fatty, and red or reddish in color.

   2. The essence; the best part.

     It  takes  from  our  achievements . . . The pith and marrow of our
     attribute. Shak.

   3.  [OE.  maru,  maro;  --  perh.  a  different word; cf. Gael. maraon
   together.] One of a pair; a match; a companion; an intimate associate.

     Chopping  and changing I can not commend, With thief or his marrow,
     for fear of ill end. Tusser.

   Marrow  squash  (Bot.),  a  name given to several varieties of squash,
   esp.  to  the Boston marrow, an ovoid fruit, pointed at both ends, and
   with  reddish  yellow flesh, and to the vegetable marrow, a variety of
   an  ovoid  form,  and  having a soft texture and fine grain resembling
   marrow. -- Spinal marrow. (Anat.) See Spinal cord, under Spinal.


   Mar"row  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Marrowed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Marrowing.] To fill with, or as with, marrow of fat; to glut.


   Mar"row*bone`  (?), n. A bone containing marrow; pl. ludicrously, knee
   bones or knees; as, to get down on one's marrowbones, i. e., to kneel.


   Mar"row*fat (?), n. A rich but late variety of pea.


   Mar"row*ish, a. Of the nature of, or like, marrow.


   Mar"row*less, a. Destitute of marrow.


   Mar"row*y (?), a. Full of marrow; pithy.


   Mar*ru"bi*um  (?),  n.  [L.] (Bot.) A genus of bitter aromatic plants,
   sometimes used in medicine; hoarhound.


   Mar"ry  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Married  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Marrying.]  [OE.  marien, F. marier, L. maritare, fr. maritus husband,
   fr. mas, maris, a male. See Male, and cf. Maritral.]

   1.  To  unite  in  wedlock  or  matrimony;  to perform the ceremony of
   joining,  as  a  man and a woman, for life; to constitute (a man and a
   woman) husband and wife according to the laws or customs of the place.

     Tell him that he shall marry the couple himself. Gay.

   2.  To  join  according  to law, (a man) to a woman as his wife, or (a
   woman) to a man as her husband. See the Note to def. 4.

     A woman who had been married to her twenty-fifth husband, and being
     now a widow, was prohibited to marry. Evelyn.

   3. To dispose of in wedlock; to give away as wife.

     M\'91cenas  took  the  liberty  to tell him [Augustus] that he must
     either  marry  his  daughter  [Julia]  to Agrippa, or take away his
     life. Bacon.

   4. To take for husband or wife. See the Note below.

     NOTE: &hand; We  say, a man is married to or marries a woman; or, a
     woman  is  married  to  or  marries  a  man. Both of these uses are
     equally  well authorized; but given in marriage is said only of the

     They  got  him  [the Duke of Monmouth] . . . to declare in writing,
     that  the  last king [Charles II.] told him he was never married to
     his mother. Bp. Lloyd.

   5. Figuratively, to unite in the closest and most endearing relation.

     Turn, O backsliding children, saith the Lord; for I am married unto
     you. Jer. iii. 14.

   To  marry  ropes.  (Naut.)  (a)  To place two ropes along side of each
   other  so that they may be grasped and hauled on at the same time. (b)
   To  join  two ropes end to end so that both will pass through a block.
   Ham. Nav. Encyc.


   Mar"ry, v. i. To enter into the conjugal or connubial state; to take a
   husband or a wife.

     I will, therefore, that the younger women marry. 1 Tim. v. 14.

   Marrrying man, a man disposed to marry. [Colloq.]


   Mar"ry,  interj. Indeed ! in truth ! -- a term of asseveration said to
   have  been  derived  from the practice of swearing by the Virgin Mary.
   [Obs.] Shak.


   Mars (?), n. [L. Mars, gen. Martis, archaic Mavors, gen. Mavortis.]

   1. (Rom. Myth.) The god of war and husbandry.

   2.  (Astron.)  One  of  the planets of the solar system, the fourth in
   order from the sun, or the next beyond the earth, having a diameter of
   about  4,200  miles,  a  period  of  687  days, and a mean distance of
   141,000,000 miles. It is conspicuous for the redness of its light.

   3. (Alchemy) The metallic element iron, the symbol of which m. was the
   same as that of the planet Mars. [Archaic] Chaucer.
   Mars brown, a bright, somewhat yellowish, brown.


   Mar*sa"la  (?),  n.  [It.,  fr.  Marsala,  in  Sicyly.] A kind of wine
   exported from Marsala in Sicily.


   Mars*de"ni*a  (?), n. [NL. From W. Marsden, an English author.] (Bot.)
   A  genus  of plants of the Milkweed family, mostly woody climbers with
   fragrant flowers, several species of which furnish valuable fiber, and
   one species (Marsdenia tinctoria) affords indigo.

                        Marseillais, a. m. Marseillaise

   Mar`sei`llais"  (?),  a.  m.  Mar`sei`llaise"  (?),  a.  f.[F.]  Of or
   pertaining   to   Marseilles,   in  France,  or  to  its  inhabitants.
   Marseillaise hymn, OR The Marseillaise, the national anthem of France,
   popularly  so called. It was composed in 1792, by Rouget de l'Isle, an
   officer  then  stationed  at  Strasburg.  In Paris it was sung for the
   first  time  by the band of men who came from Marseilles to aid in the
   revolution of August 10, 1792; whence the name.

                        Marseillais, n. m. Marseillaise

   Mar`sei`llais",   n.   m.  Mar`sei`llaise",  n.  f.[F.]  A  native  or
   inhabitant of Marseilles.


   Mar*seilles"  (?),  n.  A  general  term for certain kinds of fabrics,
   which are formed of two series of threads interlacing each other, thus
   forming  double  cloth, quilted in the loom; -- so named because first
   made in Marseilles, France.


   Marsh  (?),  n.  [OE. mersch, AS. mersc, fr. mere lake. See Mere pool,
   and  cf.  Marish,  Morass.] A tract of soft wet land, commonly covered
   partially  or  wholly  with  water; a fen; a swamp; a morass. [Written
   also  marish.]  Marsh asphodel (Bot.), a plant (Nartheeium ossifragum)
   with  linear  equitant leaves, and a raceme of small white flowers; --
   called  also  bog  asphodel.  --  Marsh  cinquefoil  (Bot.),  a  plant
   (Potentilla  palustris)  having  purple  flowers, and found growing in
   marshy  places;  marsh  five-finger.  --  Marsh  elder. (Bot.) (a) The
   guelder-rose  or  cranberry  tree (Viburnum Opulus). (b) In the United
   States, a composite shrub growing in salt marshes (Iva frutescens). --
   Marsh  five-finger. (Bot.) See Marsh cinquefoil (above). -- Marsh gas.
   (Chem.)  See  under  Gas. -- Marsh grass (Bot.), a genus (Spartina) of
   coarse grasses growing in marshes; -- called also cord grass. The tall
   S.  cynosuroides is not good for hay unless cut very young. The low S.
   juncea is a common component of salt hay. -- Marsh harrier (Zo\'94l.),
   a  European  hawk  or  harrier  (Circus \'91ruginosus); -- called also
   marsh   hawk,  moor  hawk,  moor  buzzard,  puttock.  --  Marsh  hawk.
   (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  hawk  or  harrier (Circus cyaneus), native of both
   America  and  Europe.  The adults are bluish slate above, with a white
   rump.  Called also hen harrier, and mouse hawk. (b) The marsh harrier.
   --  Marsh  hen (Zo\'94l.), a rail; esp., Rallus elegans of fresh-water
   marshes,  and  R.  longirostris of salt-water marshes. -- Marsh mallow
   (Bot.),  a  plant  of  the genus Alth\'91a ( A. officinalis) common in
   marshes  near the seashore, and whose root is much used in medicine as
   a demulcent. -- Marsh marigold. (Bot.) See in the Vocabulary. -- Marsh
   pennywort  (Bot.),  any  plant of the umbelliferous genus Hydrocotyle;
   low  herbs with roundish leaves, growing in wet places; -- called also
   water  pennywort. -- Marsh quail (Zo\'94l.), the meadow lark. -- Marsh
   rosemary (Bot.), a plant of the genus Statice (S. Limonium), common in
   salt marshes. Its root is powerfully astringent, and is sometimes used
   in  medicine.  Called  also  sea lavender. -- Marsh samphire (Bot.), a
   plant  (Salicornia  herbacea) found along seacoasts. See Glasswort. --
   Marsh St. John's-wort (Bot.), an American herb (Elodes Virginica) with
   small opposite leaves and flesh-colored flowers. -- Marsh tea. (Bot.).
   Same  as  Labrador  tea. -- Marsh trefoil. (Bot.) Same as Buckbean. --
   Marsh  wren  (Zo\'94l.),  any  species  of small American wrens of the
   genus  Cistothorus,  and  allied  genera.  They  chiefly  inhabit salt


   Mar"shal  (?),  n.  [OE. mareschal, OF. mareschal, F. mar\'82chal, LL.
   mariscalcus, from OHG. marah-scalc (G. marschall); marah horse + scalc
   servant  (akin to AS. scealc, Goth. skalks). F. mar\'82chal signifies,
   a marshal, and a farrier. See Mare horse, and cf. Seneschal.]

   1. Originally, an officer who had the care of horses; a groom. [Obs.]

   2.   An  officer  of  high  rank,  charged  with  the  arrangement  of
   ceremonies,  the conduct of operations, or the like; as, specifically:
   (a)  One  who  goes  before a prince to declare his coming and provide
   entertainment;  a  harbinger; a pursuivant. (b) One who regulates rank
   and  order  at  a  feast  or  any other assembly, directs the order of
   procession, and the like. (c) The chief officer of arms, whose duty it
   was,  in ancient times, to regulate combats in the lists. Johnson. (d)
   (France)  The highest military officer. In other countries of Europe a
   marshal  is a military officer of high rank, and called field marshal.
   (e)  (Am.  Law)  A  ministerial  officer,  appointed for each judicial
   district of the United States, to execute the process of the courts of
   the  United  States, and perform various duties, similar to those of a
   sheriff. The name is also sometimes applied to certain police officers
   of a city.
   Earl  marshal  of  England,  the  eighth officer of state; an honorary
   title,  and  personal, until made hereditary in the family of the Duke
   of Norfolk. During a vacancy in the office of high constable, the earl
   marshal has jurisdiction in the court of chivalry. Brande & C. -- Earl
   marshal  of  Scotland, an officer who had command of the cavalry under
   the  constable.  This  office  was  held  by  the family of Keith, but
   forfeited  by  rebellion in 1715. -- Knight marshal, OR Marshal of the
   King's  house,  formerly, in England, the marshal of the king's house,
   who  was  authorized  to hear and determine all pleas of the Crown, to
   punish  faults  committed  within the verge, etc. His court was called
   the Court of Marshalsea. -- Marshal of the Queen's Bench, formerly the
   title  of  the officer who had the custody of the Queen's bench prison
   in Southwark. Mozley & W.


   Mar"shal,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Marshaled (?) or Marshalled; p. pr. &
   vb. n. Marshaling or Marshalling.]

   1.  To  dispose  in  order;  to  arrange  in a suitable manner; as, to
   marshal troops or an army.

     And  marshaling  the heroes of his name As, in their order, next to
     light they came. Dryden.

   2. To direct, guide, or lead.

     Thou marshalest me the way that I was going. Shak.

   3.  (Her.) To dispose in due order, as the different quarterings on an
   escutcheon,  or  the  different  crests  when  several  belong  to  an


   Mar"shal*er (?), n. [Written also marshaller.] One who marshals.


   Mar"shal*ing, n. [Written also marshalling.]

   1. The act of arranging in due order.

   2. (Her.) The arrangement of an escutcheon to exhibit the alliances of
   the owner.
   Marshaling  of assets (Law), the arranging or ranking of assets in due
   order of administration.


   Mar"shal*sea  (?),  n.  [Marshal + OE. se a seat. See See a seat.] The
   court  or seat of a marshal; hence, the prison in Southwark, belonging
   to  the marshal of the king's household. [Eng.] Court of Marshalsea, a
   court formerly held before the steward and marshal of the king's house
   to   administer   justice   between   the  king's  domestic  servants.


   Mar"shal*ship, n. The office of a marshal.

                           Marshbanker, Marsebanker

   Marsh"bank`er (?), Marse"bank`er (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The menhaden.

   Page 898


   Marsh"i*ness (?), n. The state or condition of being marshy.

                                Marsh marigold

   Marsh mar"i*gold (?). (Bot.) A perennial plant of the genus Caltha (C.
   palustris),  growing  in wet places and bearing bright yellow flowers.
   In  the  United  States  it  is  used  as a pot herb under the name of
   cowslip. See Cowslip.


   Marsh"y (?), a. [E. Marsh.]

   1. Resembling a marsh; wet; boggy; fenny.

   2. Pertaining to, or produced in, marshes; as, a marshy weed. Dryden.


   Mar"si*po*branch` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Marsipobranchia.


   Mar"si*po*bran"chi*a  (?),  n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A class of
   Vertebrata,  lower  than fishes, characterized by their purselike gill
   cavities,  cartilaginous skeletons, absence of limbs, and a suckerlike
   mouth  destitute  of jaws. It includes the lampreys and hagfishes. See
   Cyclostoma,   and   Lamprey.   Called   also   Marsipobranchiata,  and


   Mar*su"pi*al (?), a. [Cf. F. marsupial.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having  a pouch for carrying the immature young; of or
   pertaining to the Marsupialia.

   2.  (Anat.  &  Zo\'94l.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  a marsupium; as, the
   marsupial bones.
   Marsupial frog. (Zo\'94l.) See Nototrema.


   Mar*su"pi*al, n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Marsupialia.


   Mar*su`pi*a"li*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr. L. marsupium a pouch, bag,
   purse, Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A subclass of Mammalia, including nearly all the
   mammals  of  Australia  and  the  adjacent  islands, together with the
   opossums  of  America. They differ from ordinary mammals in having the
   corpus  callosum very small, in being implacental, and in having their
   young born while very immature. The female generally carries the young
   for  some  time after birth in an external pouch, or marsupium. Called
   also Marsupiata.

                            Marsupialian, Marsupian

   Mar*su`pi*a"li*an  (?),  Mar*su"pi*an  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) One of the


   Mar*su"pi*ate   (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Related  to  or  resembling  the
   marsupials;  furnished  with a pouch for the young, as the marsupials,
   and also some fishes and Crustacea.


   Mar*su"pi*on (?), n. [NL.] Same as Marsupium.


   Mar"su*pite (?), n. [See Marsupial.] (Paleon.) A fossil crinoid of the
   genus Marsupites, resembling a purse in form.


   Mar*su"pi*um  (?),  n.;  pl.  Marsupia  (#).  [L.,  a pouch], (Anat. &
   Zo\'94l.)  (a) The pouch, formed by a fold of the skin of the abdomen,
   in  which  marsupials carry their young; also, a pouch for similar use
   in  other  animals, as certain Crustacea. (b) The pecten in the eye of
   birds and reptiles. See Pecten.


   Mart (?), n. [Contr. fr. market.]

   1. A market.

     Where has commerce such a mart . . . as London ? Cowper.

   2. A bargain. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mart, v. t. To buy or sell in, or as in, a mart. [Obs.]

     To sell and mart your officer for gold To undeservers. Shak.


   Mart, v. t. To traffic. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mart, n. [See Mars.]

   1. The god Mars. [Obs.]

   2. Battle; contest. [Obs.] Fairfax.


   Mar"ta*gon  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. & Sp. martagon, It. martagone.] (Bot.) A
   lily  (Lilium Martagon) with purplish red flowers, found in Europe and


   Mar"tel  (?),  v. i. [F. marteler, fr. martel, marteau, hammer, a dim.
   fr.  L. martulus, marculus, dim. of marcus hammer. Cf. March to step.]
   To make a blow with, or as with, a hammer. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                 Martel de fer

   Mar`tel`  de  fer"  (?).  [OF., hammer of iron.] A weapon resembling a
   hammer, often having one side of the head pointed; -- used by horsemen
   in the Middle Ages to break armor. Fairholt.


   Mar"te*line  (?),  n.  [F.]  A small hammer used by marble workers and

                                Martello tower

   Mar*tel"lo  tow`er (?). [It. martello hammer. The name was orig. given
   to  towers erected on the coasts of Sicily and Sardinia for protection
   against  the  pirates  in  the  time of Charles the Fifth, which prob.
   orig. contained an alarm bell to be struck with a hammer. See Martel.]
   (Fort.)  A building of masonry, generally circular, usually erected on
   the  seacoast,  with  a  gun  on  the  summit  mounted on a traversing
   platform, so as to be fired in any direction.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e En glish bo rrowed th e na me of  th e tower from
     Corsica in 1794.


   Mar"ten (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A bird. See Martin.


   Mar"ten, n. [From older martern, marter, martre, F. martre, marte, LL.
   martures  (pl.),  fr.  L.  martes; akin to AS. mear, meard, G. marder,
   OHG. mardar, Icel. m\'94r. Cf. Foumart.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any one of several fur-bearing carnivores of the genus
   Mustela, closely allied to the sable. Among the more important species
   are  the  European  beech,  or stone, marten (Mustela foina); the pine
   marten  (M. martes); and the American marten, or sable (M. Americana),
   which some zo\'94logists consider only a variety of the Russian sable.

   2. The fur of the marten, used for hats, muffs, etc.


   Mar"tern (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Marten. [Obs.]


   Mar"-text` (?), n. A blundering preacher.


   Mar"tial  (?),  a.  [F., fr. L. martialis of or belonging to Mars, the
   god of war. Cf. March the month.]

   1. Of, pertaining to, or suited for, war; military; as, martial music;
   a martial appearance. "Martial equipage." Milton.

   2. Practiced in, or inclined to, war; warlike; brave.

     But peaceful kings, o'er martial people set, Each other's poise and
     counterbalance are. Dryden.

   3.  Belonging to war, or to an army and navy; -- opposed to civil; as,
   martial law; a court-martial.

   4.  Pertaining to, or resembling, the god, or the planet, Mars. Sir T.

   5.  (Old  Chem.  &  Old  Med.)  Pertaining  to,  or  containing, iron;
   chalybeate; as, martial preparations. [Archaic]
   Martial  flowers  (Med.),  a  reddish  crystalline  salt  of iron; the
   ammonio-chloride  of iron. [Obs.] -- Martial law, the law administered
   by the military power of a government when it has superseded the civil
   authority  in time of war, or when the civil authorities are unable to
   enforce  the  laws.  It is distinguished from military law, the latter
   being the code of rules for the regulation of the army and navy alone,
   either  in  peace  or in war. Syn. -- Martial, Warlike. Martial refers
   more  to  war  in action, its array, its attendants, etc.; as, martial
   music,  a  martial  appearance,  a martial array, courts-martial, etc.
   Warlike  describes  the  feeling or temper which leads to war, and the
   adjuncts  of  war;  as, a warlike nation, warlike indication, etc. The
   two words are often used without discrimination.
   Mar"tial*ism  (?), n. The quality of being warlike; exercises suitable
   for war. [Obs.] 


   Mar"tial*ist, n. A warrior. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Mar"tial*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Martialized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Martializing (?).] To render warlike; as, to martialize a people.


   Mar"tial*ly, adv. In a martial manner.


   Mar"tial*ness,  n. The quality of being martial. <-- Martian. 1. of or
   referring   to  Mars.  2.  an  inhabitant  of  Mars  ;-  fictional  or
   hypothetical. -->


   Mar"tin  (?),  n.  (Stone  Working)  [Etymol. uncertain.] A perforated
   stone-faced runner for grinding.


   Mar"tin,  n.  [F.  martin,  from the proper name Martin. Cf. Martlet.]
   (Zo\'94l.) One of several species of swallows, usually having the tail
   less deeply forked than the tail of the common swallows. [Written also

     NOTE: &hand; Th e Am erican pu rple ma rtin, or  bee martin (Progne
     subis,  OR  purpurea),  and  the  European house, or window, martin
     (Hirundo, OR Chelidon, urbica), are the best known species.

   Bank  martin.  (a)  The  bank  swallow.  See under Bank. (b) The fairy
   martin. See under Fairy. -- Bee martin. (a) The purple martin. (b) The
   kingbird. -- Sand martin, the bank swallow.


   Mar"ti*net`  (?),  n.  [So  called from an officer of that name in the
   French  army  under  Louis  XIV.  Cf.  Martin  the  bird, Martlet.] In
   military  language,  a strict disciplinarian; in general, one who lays
   stress  on a rigid adherence to the details of discipline, or to forms
   and  fixed  methods.  [Hence,  the  word  is  commonly  employed  in a
   depreciatory sense.]


   Mar"ti*net`, n. [F.] (Zo\'94l.) The martin.


   Mar`ti*ne"ta  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Sp.  martinete.] (Zo\'94l.) A species of
   tinamou (Calopezus elegans), having a long slender crest.


   Mar"ti*net`ism  (?),  n.  The  principles  or practices of a martinet;
   rigid adherence to discipline, etc.

                             Martingale, Martingal

   Mar"tin*gale   (?),  Mar"tin*gal  (?),  n.  [F.  martingale;  cf.  It.
   martingala a sort of hose, martingale, Sp. martingala a greave, cuish,
   martingale, Sp. alm\'a0rtaga a kind of bridle.]

   1. A strap fastened to a horse's girth, passing between his fore legs,
   and  fastened  to  the  bit, or now more commonly ending in two rings,
   through  which the reins pass. It is intended to hold down the head of
   the horse, and prevent him from rearing.

   2.  (Naut.)  A  lower stay of rope or chain for the jib boom or flying
   jib  boom,  fastened to, or reeved through, the dolphin striker. Also,
   the dolphin striker itself.

   3.  (Gambling) The act of doubling, at each stake, that which has been
   lost   on   the   preceding   stake;  also,  the  sum  so  risked;  --
   metaphorically  derived  from  the  bifurcation of the martingale of a
   harness. [Cant] Thackeray.


   Mar"tin*mas (?), n. [St. Martin + mass religious service.] (Eccl.) The
   feast  of  St.  Martin,  the  eleventh  of  November;  -- often called
   martlemans.  Martinmas  summer,  a  period of calm, warm weather often
   experienced about the time of Martinmas; Indian summer. Percy Smith.


   Mar"tite  (?),  n. [L. Mars, Martis, the god Mars, the alchemical name
   of  iron.]  (Min.)  Iron  sesquioxide  in  isometric  form, probably a
   pseudomorph after magnetite.


   Mar"tle*mas (?), n. See Martinmas. [Obs.]


   Mart"let (?), n. [F. martinet. See Martin the bird, and cf. Martinet a

   1. (Zo\'94l.) The European house martin.

   2. [Cf. F. merlette.] (Her.) A bird without beak or feet; -- generally
   assumed  to  represent  a  martin. As a mark of cadency it denotes the
   fourth son.


   Mar"tyr  (?),  n. [AS., from L. martyr, Gr. ma`rtyr, ma`rtys, prop., a
   witness; cf. Skr. sm&rsdot; to remember, E. memory.]

   1.  One  who,  by his death, bears witness to the truth of the gospel;
   one  who  is  put to death for his religion; as, Stephen was the first
   Christian martyr. Chaucer.

     To  be a martyr, signifies only to witness the truth of Christ; but
     the  witnessing  of  the  truth was then so generally attended with
     persecution,  that martyrdom now signifies not only to witness, but
     to witness by death South.

   2.  Hence,  one  who  sacrifices  his life, his station, or what is of
   great value to him, for the sake of principle, or to sustain a cause.

     Then  if  thou fall'st, O Cromwell, Thou fall'st a blessed martyr !


   Mar"tyr  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Martyred (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To put to death for adhering to some belief, esp. Christianity; to
   sacrifice on account of faith or profession. Bp. Pearson.

   2. To persecute; to torment; to torture. Chaucer.

     The  lovely  Amoret,  whose gentle heart Thou martyrest with sorrow
     and with smart. Spenser.

     Racked with sciatics, martyred with the stone. Pope.


   Mar"tyr*dom (?), n. [Martyr + -dom.]

   1.  The condition of a martyr; the death of a martyr; the suffering of
   death on account of adherence to the Christian faith, or to any cause.

     I came from martyrdom unto this peace. Longfellow.

   2. Affliction; torment; torture. Chaucer.


   Mar`tyr*i*za"tion  (?),  n.  Act  of  martyrizing,  or  state of being
   martyrized; torture. B. Jonson.


   Mar"tyr*ize (?), v. t. [Cf. F. martyriser, LL. martyrizare.] To make a
   martyr of. Spenser.


   Mar"tyr*ly, adv. In the manner of a martyr.


   Mar"tyr*o*loge  (?),  n.  [LL.  martyrologium:  cf. F. martyrologe.] A
   martyrology. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

                         Martyrologic, Martyrological

   Mar`tyr*o*log"ic   (?),  Mar`tyr*o*log"ic*al  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to
   martyrology  or martyrs; registering, or registered in, a catalogue of


   Mar`tyr*ol"o*gist  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  martyrologiste.]  A  writer  of
   martyrology; an historian of martyrs. T. Warton.


   Mar`tyr*ol"o*gy (?), n.; pl. -gies (#). [Martyr + -logy.] A history or
   account of martyrs; a register of martyrs. Bp. Stillingfleet.


   Mar"tyr*ship, n. Martyrdom. [R.] Fuller.


   Mar"vel  (?),  n.  [OE.  mervaile,  F.  merveille,  fr.  L.  mirabilia
   wonderful  things,  pl., fr. mirabilis wonderful, fr. mirari to wonder
   or marvel at. See Admire, Smile, and cf. Miracle.]

   1. That which causes wonder; a prodigy; a miracle.

     I will do marvels such as have not been done. Ex. xxxiv. 10.

     Nature's sweet marvel undefiled. Emerson.

   2. Wonder. [R.] "Use lessens marvel." Sir W. Scott.
   Marvel of Peru. (Bot.) See Four-o'clock.


   Mar"vel,  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Marveled (?) or Marvelled; p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Marveling  or Marvelling.] [OE. merveilen, OF. merveillier.] To be
   struck with surprise, astonishment, or wonder; to wonder.

     Marvel not, my brethren, if the world hate you. 1 john iii. 13.


   Mar"vel, v. t.

   1. To marvel at. [Obs.] Wyclif.

   2. To cause to marvel, or be surprised; -- used impersonally. [Obs.]

     But much now me marveleth. Rich. the Redeless.


   Mar"vel*ous  (?), a. [OE. merveillous, OF. merveillos, F. Merveilleux.
   See Marvel, n.] >[Written also marvellous.]

   1. Exciting wonder or surprise; astonishing; wonderful.

     This  is  the Lord's doing; it is marvelous in our eyes. Ps. cxiii.

   2. Partaking of the character of miracle, or superna

     The   marvelous   fable  includes  whatever  is  supernatural,  and
     especially the machines of the gods. Pope.

   The  marvelous, that which exceeds natural power, or is preternatural;
   that  which  is  wonderful;  --  opposed  to  the  probable.  Syn.  --
   Wonderful;  astonishing;  surprising; strange; improbable; incredible.
   --  Marvelous,  Wonderful.  We  speak  of a thing as wonderful when it
   awakens  our  surprise and admiration; as marvelous when it is so much
   out  of  the  ordinary  course  of  things  as to seem nearly or quite
   Mar"vel*ous*ly, adv. In a marvelous manner; wonderfully; strangely. 


   Mar"vel*ous*ness,   n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  marvelous;
   wonderfulness; strangeness.


   Mar"ver  (?),  n. [Prob. corrupt. fr. OE. or F. marbre marble.] (Glass
   Marking) A stone, or cast-iron plate, or former, on which hot glass is
   rolled  to  give  it  shape.  <-- Marxism. n. A system of economic and
   political  thought, originated by Karl Marx, and elaborated by others.
   It  holds  that the state has been the a device for suppression of the
   masses, allowing exploitation by a dominant (capitalistic) class; that
   historical   change  occurs  through  class  struggle;  and  that  the
   capitalist  system  will  inevitably wither away to be superseded by a
   classless  society.  Marxism-Leninism. Marxism, as interpreted by V.I.
   Lenin Marxist. n. 1. One who believes in the theories of Karl Marx. 2.
   adj. of or pertaining to Marx or Marxism. -->


   Mar"y (?), n. Marrow. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ma"ry (?), interj. See Marry. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ma"ry-bud`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  The marigold; a blossom of the marigold.


   Ma`ry*ol"a*try (?), n. Mariolatry.


   Ma"ry*sole (?), n. [Mary, the proper name + sole the fish.] (Zo\'94l.)
   A large British fluke, or flounder (Rhombus megastoma); -- called also
   carter,   and  whiff.  <--  Marzipan.  the  word  more  commonly  used
   (1950-1990) for marchpane. -->

                             Mascagnin, Mascagnite

   Mas*ca"gnin  (?),  Mas*ca"gnite  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. mascagnin.] (Min.)
   Native  sulphate  of ammonia, found in volcanic districts; -- so named
   from Mascagni, who discovered it.


   Mas"cle  (?), n. [OF. mascle, F. macle, L. macula spot, mesh of a net,
   LL.  macula, macla, mascla a scale of a coat of mail. See Mail armor.]
   (Her.) A lozenge voided.


   Mas"cled  (?), a. Composed of, or covered with, lozenge-shaped scales;
   having  lozenge-shaped  divisions.  Mascled  armor,  armor composed of
   small  lozenge-shaped  scales  of  metal  fastened  on a foundation of
   leather or quilted cloth.

                               Mascot, Mascotte

   Mas"cot,  Mas"cotte  (?),  n.  [Through French fr. Pr. mascot a little
   sorcerer  or  magician, mascotto witchcraft, sorcery.] A person who is
   supposed  to  bring  good  luck  to  the  household to which he or she
   belongs; anything that brings good luck.


   Mas"cu*late  (?), v. t. [L. masculus male, masculine.] To make strong.
   [Obs.] Cockeram.

   Page 899


   Mas"cu*line  (?), a. [L. masculinus, fr. masculus male, manly, dim. of
   mas a male: cf. F. masculin. See Male masculine.]

   1. Of the male sex; not female.

     Thy masculine children, that is to say, thy sons. Chaucer.

   2. Having the qualities of a man; suitable to, or characteristic of, a
   man; virile; not feminine or effeminate; strong; robust.

     That  lady,  after  her  husband's  death,  held  the  reins with a
     masculine energy. Hallam.

   3.  Belonging  to  males;  appropriated to, or used by, males. [R.] "A
   masculine church." Fuller.

   4.  (Gram.)  Having  the  inflections  of,  or  construed  with, words
   pertaining  especially  to male beings, as distinguished from feminine
   and  neuter.  See Gender. -- Mas"cu*line*ly, adv. -- Mas"cu*line*ness,


   Mas`cu*lin"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  state  or  quality of being masculine;


   Mase (?), n. & v. See Maze. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mas"e*lyn (?), n. A drinking cup. See 1st Maslin, 2. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ma"ser (?), n. Same as Mazer.


   Mash (?), n. A mesh. [Obs.]


   Mash, n. [Akin to G. meisch, maisch, meische, maische, mash, wash, and
   prob. to AS. miscian to mix. See Mix.]

   1.  A  mass  of  mixed  ingredients  reduced  to a soft pulpy state by
   beating  or  pressure;  a  mass  of  anything  in  a soft pulpy state.
   Specifically (Brewing), ground or bruised malt, or meal of rye, wheat,
   corn,  or  other  grain  (or  a  mixture of malt and meal) steeped and
   stirred in hot water for making the wort.

   2. A mixture of meal or bran and water fed to animals.

   3. A mess; trouble. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.
   Mash tun, a large tub used in making mash and wort.


   Mash,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mashed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Mashing.] [Akin
   to  G. meischen, maischen, to mash, mix, and prob. to mischen, E. mix.
   See  2d Mash.] To convert into a mash; to reduce to a soft pulpy state
   by  beating  or pressure; to bruise; to crush; as, to mash apples in a
   mill,  or  potatoes with a pestle. Specifically (Brewing), to convert,
   as  malt,  or  malt  and meal, into the mash which makes wort. Mashing
   tub,  a  tub  for  making  the  mash in breweries and distilleries; --
   called  also mash tun, and mash vat. <-- mashed potato. n. the name of
   a  dance,  briefly  popular  in  the  1960's.  mashed  potatoes n. pl.
   Potatoes  which  have  been  boiled and mashed to a pulpy consistency,
   usu.  with sparing addition of milk, salt, butter, or other flavoring.
   It  is  a  popular  accompaniment  to  a  meat  course [U.S., 1900's],
   providing bulk and calories to a meal. -->


   Mash"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who,  or  that  which,  mashes; also (Brewing), a machine for
   making mash.

   2. A charmer of women. [Slang] London Punch.


   Mash"lin (?), n. See Maslin.


   Mash"y  (?),  a.  Produced  by  crushing  or  bruising; resembling, or
   consisting of, a mash.


   Mask  (?),  n.  [F.  masque,  LL. masca, mascha, mascus; cf. Sp. & Pg.
   m\'a0scara,  It.  maschera;  all  fr.  Ar.  maskharat  buffoon,  fool,
   pleasantry,  anything ridiculous or mirthful, fr. sakhira to ridicule,
   to laugh at. Cf. Masque, Masquerade.]

   1.  A  cover,  or  partial  cover,  for the face, used for disguise or
   protection;  as,  a  dancer's  mask;  a fencer's mask; a ball player's

   2. That which disguises; a pretext or subterfuge.

   3.  A  festive entertainment of dancing or other diversions, where all
   wear  masks;  a masquerade; hence, a revel; a frolic; a delusive show.

     This thought might lead me through the world's vain mask. Milton.

   4. A dramatic performance, formerly in vogue, in which the actors wore
   masks and represented mythical or allegorical characters.

   5. (Arch.) A grotesque head or face, used to adorn keystones and other
   prominent  parts, to spout water in fountains, and the like; -- called
   also mascaron.

   6.  (Fort.) (a) In a permanent fortification, a redoubt which protects
   the caponiere. (b) A screen for a battery.

   7.  (Zo\'94l.) The lower lip of the larva of a dragon fly, modified so
   as to form a prehensile organ.
   Mask house, a house for masquerades. [Obs.]


   Mask, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Masked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Masking.]

   1.  To  cover,  as  the face, by way of concealment or defense against
   injury; to conceal with a mask or visor.

     They must all be masked and vizarded. Shak.

   2. To disguise; to cover; to hide.

     Masking the business from the common eye. Shak.

   3.  (Mil.)  (a)  To conceal; also, to intervene in the line of. (b) To
   cover or keep in check; as, to mask a body of troops or a fortess by a
   superior force, while some hostile evolution is being carried out.


   Mask, v. i.

   1. To take part as a masker in a masquerade. Cavendish.

   2. To wear a mask; to be disguised in any way. Shak.


   Masked (?), a.

   1. Wearing a mask or masks; characterized by masks; cincealed; hidden.

   2. (Bot.) Same as Personate.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) Having the anterior part of the head differing decidedly
   in color from the rest of the plumage; -- said of birds.
   Masked ball, a ball in which the dancers wear masks. -- Masked battery
   (Mil.),  a  battery  so  placed as not to be seen by an enemy until it
   opens  fire.  H.  L. Scott. -- Masked crab (Zo\'94l.), a European crab
   (Corystes  cassivelaunus)  with  markings  on  the  carapace  somewhat
   resembling a human face. -- Masked pig (Zo\'94l.), a Japanese domestic
   hog (Sus pliciceps). Its face is deeply furrowed.


   Mask"er (?), n. One who wears a mask; one who appears in disguise at a


   Mask"er, v. t. To confuse; to stupefy. [Obs.] Holland.


   Mask"er*y (?), n. The dress or disguise of a maske [Obs.] Marston.


   Mas"ki*nonge (?), n. The muskellunge.

                                  Mask shell

   Mask"  shell`  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  spiral marine shell of the genus
   Persona, having a curiously twisted aperture.


   Mas"lach  (?),  n.  [Ar.  maslaq:  cf.  F. masloc.] (Med.) An excitant
   containing opium, much used by the Turks. Dunglison.


   Mas"lin  (?),  n.  [OE.  missellane,  misceline, miscelin, meslin, fr.
   miscellane. See Miscellane.]

   1.  A  mixture  composed  of  different  materials;  especially: (a) A
   mixture  of  metals resembling brass. (b) A mixture of different sorts
   of  grain,  as  wheat  and rye. [Written also meslin, mislin, maselyn,

   2. A vessel made of maslin, 1 (a). [Obs.]

     Mead eke in a maselyn. Chaucer.


   Mas"lin,  a.  Composed  of different sorts; as, maslin bread, which is
   made  of  rye mixed with a little wheat. [Written also meslin, mislin,


   Ma"son  (?),  n.  [F.  ma,  LL. macio, machio, mattio, mactio, marcio,
   macerio; of uncertain origin.]

   1. One whose occupation is to build with stone or brick; also, one who
   prepares stone for building purposes.

   2. A member of the fraternity of Freemasons. See Freemason.
   Mason  bee (Zo\'94l.), any one of numerous species of solitary bees of
   the  genus  Osmia.  They  construct  curious nests of hardened mud and
   sand.  --  Mason  moth  (Zo\'94l.), any moth whose larva constructs an
   earthen  cocoon  under  the  soil. -- Mason shell (Zo\'94l.), a marine
   univalve  shell  of  the genus Phorus; -- so called because it cements
   other shells and pebbles upon its own shell; a carrier shell. -- Mason
   wasp (Zo\'94l.), any wasp that constructs its nest, or brood cells, of
   hardened  mud.  The  female  fills  the cells with insects or spiders,
   paralyzed by a sting, and thus provides food for its larv\'91


   Ma"son,  v. t. To build stonework or brickwork about, under, in, over,
   etc.;  to  construct by masons; -- with a prepositional suffix; as, to
   mason up a well or terrace; to mason in a kettle or boiler.


   Ma*son"ic  (?), a. Of or pertaining to Freemasons or to their craft or


   Ma"son*ry (?), n. [F. ma\'87onnerie.]

   1. The art or occupation of a mason.

   2.  The  work  or  performance  of  a  mason; as, good or bad masonry;
   skillful masonry.

   3.  That  which  is  built  by  a  mason;  anything constructed of the
   materials  used  by  masons, such as stone, brick, tiles, or the like.
   Dry masonry is applied to structures made without mortar.

   4. The craft, institution, or mysteries of Freemasons; freemasonry.

                                 Masoola boat

   Ma*soo"la  boat`  (?).  A  kind  of  boat used on the coast of Madras,
   India.  The planks are sewed together with strands of coir which cross
   over  a  wadding of the same material, so that the shock on taking the
   beach  through  surf  is  much reduced. [Written also masula, masulah,


   Ma*so"ra  (?),  n. [NHeb. m\'bes tradition.] A Jewish critical work on
   the  text of the Hebrew Scriptures, composed by several learned rabbis
   of the school of Tiberias, in the eighth and ninth centuries. [Written
   also Masorah, Massora, and Massorah.]


   Mas"o*ret (?), n. A Masorite. [Written also Masorete, and Massorete.]

                            Masoretic, Masoretical

   Mas`o*ret"ic (?), Mas`o*ret"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. massor\'82tique.] Of
   or  relating  to  the  Masora, or to its authors. Masoretic points and
   accents, the vowel points and accents of the Hebrew text of the Bible,
   of which the first mention is in the Masora.


   Mas"o*rite (?), n. One of the writers of the Masora.


   Masque (?), n. A mask; a masquerade.


   Mas`quer*ade"  (?),  n.  [F.  mascarade,  fr.  Sp.  mascarada,  or It.
   mascherata. See Mask.]

   1.  An  assembly of persons wearing masks, and amusing themselves with
   dancing, conversation, or other diversions.

     In courtly balls and midnight masquerades. Pope.

   2. A dramatic performance by actors in masks; a mask. See 1st Mask, 4.

   3. Acting or living under false pretenses; concealment of something by
   a false or unreal show; pretentious show; disguise.

     That  masquerade  of misrepresentation which invariably accompanied
     the political eloquence of Rome. De Quincey.

   4. A Spanish diversion on horseback.


   Mas`quer*ade",  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Masqueraded; p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To assemble in masks; to take part in a masquerade.

   2.  To  frolic  or  disport in disquise; to make a pretentious show of
   being what one is not.

     A  freak  took  an  ass  in  the  head, and he goes into the woods,
     masquerading up and down in a lion's skin. L'Estrange.


   Mas`quer*ade",   v.  t.  To  conceal  with  masks;  to  disguise.  "To
   masquerade vice." Killingbeck.


   Mas`quer*ad"er  (?),  n. One who masquerades; a person wearing a mask;
   one disguised.


   Mass  (?),  n.  [OE.  masse,  messe,  AS. m\'91sse. LL. missa, from L.
   mittere,  missum,  to  send,  dismiss:  cf.  F.  messe. In the ancient
   churches,  the public services at which the catechumens were permitted
   to  be  present  were  called  missa  catechumenorum,  ending with the
   reading  of  the  Gospel.  Then they were dismissed with these words :
   "Ite,  missa est" [sc. ecclesia], the congregation is dismissed. After
   that the sacrifice proper began. At its close the same words were said
   to  those  who  remained.  So  the  word  gave the name of Mass to the
   sacrifice  in  the  Catholic  Church.  See Missile, and cf. Christmas,
   Lammas, Mess a dish, Missal.]

   1. (R. C. Ch.) The sacrifice in the sacrament of the Eucharist, or the
   consecration and oblation of the host.

   2. (Mus.) The portions of the Mass usually set to music, considered as
   a  musical  composition;  -- namely, the Kyrie, the Gloria, the Credo,
   the Sanctus, and the Agnus Dei, besides sometimes an Offertory and the
   Canon  of the Mass. See Canon. -- High Mass, Mass with incense, music,
   the assistance of a deacon, subdeacon, etc. -- Low Mass, Mass which is
   said  by  the  priest  through-out,  without  music. -- Mass bell, the
   sanctus  bell. See Sanctus. -- Mass book, the missal or Roman Catholic
   service book.


   Mass (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Massed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Massing.] To
   celebrate Mass. [Obs.] Hooker.


   Mass, n. [OE. masse, F. masse, L. massa; akin to Gr. Macerate.]

   1.  A  quantity of matter cohering together so as to make one body, or
   an aggregation of particles or things which collectively make one body
   or  quantity,  usually of considerable size; as, a mass of ore, metal,
   sand, or water.

     If  it  were  not  for  these  principles, the bodies of the earth,
     planets,  comets,  sun, and all things in them, would grow cold and
     freeze, and become inactive masses. Sir I. Newton.

     A deep mass of continual sea is slower stirred To rage. Savile.

   2.  (Phar.)  A  medicinal  substance made into a cohesive, homogeneous
   lump, of consistency suitable for making pills; as, blue mass.

   3. A large quantity; a sum.

     All the mass of gold that comes into Spain. Sir W. Raleigh.

     He had spent a huge mass of treasure. Sir J. Davies.

   4. Bulk; magnitude; body; size.

     This army of such mass and charge. Shak.

   5. The principal part; the main body.

     Night  closed upon the pursuit, and aided the mass of the fugitives
     in their escape. Jowett (Thucyd.).

   6.   (Physics)   The   quantity  of  matter  which  a  body  contains,
   irrespective of its bulk or volume.

     NOTE: &hand; Ma ss an d weight are often used, in a general way, as
     interchangeable  terms,  since the weight of a body is proportional
     to  its  mass (under the same or equal gravitative forces), and the
     mass  is  usually  ascertained  from the weight. Yet the two ideas,
     mass and weight, are quite distinct. Mass is the quantity of matter
     in  a  body;  weight  is  the comparative force with which it tends
     towards the center of the earth. A mass of sugar and a mass of lead
     are assumed to be equal when they show an equal weight by balancing
     each other in the scales.

   Blue  mass.  See  under  Blue.  --  Mass center (Geom.), the center of
   gravity  of a triangle. -- Mass copper, native copper in a large mass.
   --  Mass  meeting,  a  large  or general assembly of people, usually a
   meeting  having  some  relation  to politics. -- The masses, the great
   body  of  the  people,  as  contrasted  with  the  higher classes; the


   Mass,  v. t. To form or collect into a mass; to form into a collective
   body; to bring together into masses; to assemble.

     But mass them together and they are terrible indeed. Coleridge.


   Mas"sa*cre  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  LL. mazacrium; cf. Prov. G. metzgern,
   metzgen, to kill cattle, G. metzger a butcher, and LG. matsken to cut,
   hew, OHG. meizan to cut, Goth. m\'a0itan.]

   1.  The  killing  of  a  considerable  number  of  human  beings under
   circumstances  of  atrocity  or  cruelty, or contrary to the usages of
   civilized  people;  as,  the massacre on St. Bartholomew's Day.<-- St.
   Valentine's   Day   massacre;  Amritsar  massacre;  the  Wounded  Knee
   massacre. -->

   2.  Murder. [Obs.] Shak. Syn. -- Massacre, Butchery, Carnage. Massacre
   denotes the promiscuous slaughter of many who can not make resistance,
   or  much  resistance.  Butchery  refers to cold-blooded cruelty in the
   killing  of  men  as  if  they  were  brute  beasts. Carnage points to
   slaughter as producing the heaped-up bodies of the slain.

     I'll  find  a  day to massacre them all, And raze their faction and
     their family. Shak.

     If  thou  delight to view thy heinous deeds, Brhold this pattern of
     thy butcheries. Shak.

     Such a scent I draw Of carnage, prey innumerable ! Milton.


   Mas"sa*cre,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Massacred  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Massacring  (?).]  [Cf.  F.  massacrer.  See  Massacre, n.] To kill in
   considerable  numbers  where  much resistance can not be made; to kill
   with  indiscriminate  violence, without necessity, and contrary to the
   usages of nations; to butcher; to slaughter; -- limited to the killing
   of human beings.

     If  James  should  be pleased to massacre them all, as Maximian had
     massacred the Theban legion. Macaulay.


   Mas"sa*crer (?), n. One who massacres. [R.]


   Mas"sage  (?),  n.  [F.] A rubbing or kneading of the body, especially
   when performed as a hygienic or remedial measure.


   Mas`sa*sau"ga  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) The black rattlesnake (Crotalus, OR
   Caudisona, tergemina), found in the Mississippi Valley.

                          Mass\'82, OR Mass\'82 shot

   Mass\'82,  OR Mass\'82 shot (?), n. (Billiards) A stroke made with the
   cue held vertically.


   Mass"er, n. A priest who celebrates Mass. [R.] Bale.


   Mas"se*ter  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  mass\'82ter.] (Anat.) The large
   muscle which raises the under jaw, and assists in mastication.


   Mas`se*ter"ic (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the masseter.


   Mas"se*ter`ine (?), a. (Anat.) Masseteric.

                           Masseur, n. m., Masseuse

   Mas`seur"  (?),  n.  m.,  Mas`seuse"  (?),  n.  f.,} [F., or formed in
   imitation of French. See Massage.] (Med.) One who performs massage.


   Mas"si*cot (?), n. [F. massicot; E. masticot is a corruption.] (Chem.)
   Lead  protoxide, PbO, obtained as a yellow amorphous powder, the fused
   and  crystalline  form  of which is called litharge; lead ocher. It is
   used  as  a  pigment.<--  now  pref.  Lead  monoxide; also, lead oxide
   yellow, as opposed to red lead, which is lead tetroxide Pb3O4 -->

     NOTE: &hand; Ma ssicot is sometimes used by painters, and also as a
     drier in the composition of ointments and plasters.


   Mass"i*ness (?), n. [From Massy.] The state or quality of being massy;

   Page 900

   Page 900


   Mass"ive (?), a. [F. massif.]

   1. Forming, or consisting of, a large mass; compacted; weighty; heavy;
   massy. "Massive armor." Dr. H. More.

   2.  (Min.)  In  mass; not necessarily without a crystalline structure,
   but having no regular form; as, a mineral occurs massive.
   Massive  rock  (Geol.),  a  compact  crystalline  rock  not distinctly
   schistone, as granite; also, with some authors, an eruptive rock.


   Mass"ive*ly, adv. In a heavy mass.


   Mass"ive*ness, n. The state or quality of being massive; massiness.

                                 Massoola boat

   Mas*soo"la boat`. See Masoola boat.


   Mas*so"ra (?), n. Same as Masora.


   Mas"so*ret (?), n. Same as Masorite.


   Mass"y  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Massier  (?); superl. Massiest.] Compacted
   into,  or  consisting of, a mass; having bulk and weight ot substance;
   ponderous; bulky and heavy; weight; heavy; as, a massy shield; a massy

     Your  swords  are now too massy for your strengths, And will not be
     uplifted. Shak.

     Yawning rocks in massy fragments fly. Pope.


   Mast  (?),  n.  [AS. m\'91st, fem. ; akin to G. mast, and E. meat. See
   Meat.]  The  fruit  of the oak and beech, or other forest trees; nuts;

     Oak mast, and beech, . . . they eat. Chapman.

     Swine under an oak filling themselves with the mast. South.


   Mast,  n. [AS. m\'91st, masc.; akin to D., G., Dan., & Sw. mast, Icel.
   mastr, and perh. to L. malus.]

   1.  (Naut.)  A  pole, or long, strong, round piece of timber, or spar,
   set upright in a boat or vessel, to sustain the sails, yards, rigging,
   etc.  A  mast  may  also consist of several pieces of timber united by
   iron bands, or of a hollow pillar of iron or steel.

     The  tallest  pine  Hewn on Norwegian hills, to be the mast Of some
     great ammiral.<--sic--> Milton.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e mo st common general names of masts are foremast,
     mainmast,  and  mizzenmast,  each  of which may be made of separate

   2. (Mach.) The vertical post of a derrick or crane.
   Afore  the mast, Before the mast. See under Afore, and Before. -- Mast
   coat.  See under Coat. -- Mast hoop, one of a number of hoops attached
   to the fore edge of a boom sail, which slip on the mast as the sail is
   raised  or  lowered; also, one of the iron hoops used in making a made
   mast. See Made.


   Mast, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Masted; p. pr. & vb. n. Masting.] To furnish
   with  a  mast or masts; to put the masts of in position; as, to mast a


   Mas"tax (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The pharynx of a rotifer.
   It  usually  contains four horny pieces. The two central ones form the
   incus,  against which the mallei, or lateral ones, work so as to crush
   the food. (b) The lore of a bird.


   Mast"ed  (?),  a.  Furnished  with  a  mast  or  masts;  -- chiefly in
   composition; as, a three-masted schooner.


   Mast"er  (?), n. (Naut.) A vessel having (so many) masts; -- used only
   in compounds; as, a two-master.


   Mas"ter  (?),  n.  [OE.  maistre,  maister,  OF.  maistre,  mestre, F.
   ma\'8ctre,  fr.  L. magister, orig. a double comparative from the root
   of magnus great, akin to Gr. Maestro, Magister, Magistrate, Magnitude,
   Major, Mister, Mistress, Mickle.]

   1.  A  male  person  having another living being so far subject to his
   will,  that  he  can,  in  the  main,  control  his or its actions; --
   formerly  used  with much more extensive application than now. (a) The
   employer  of  a  servant.  (b) The owner of a slave. (c) The person to
   whom  an  apprentice  is  articled. (d) A sovereign, prince, or feudal
   noble; a chief, or one exercising similar authority. (e) The head of a
   household.  (f)  The  male  head  of  a  school or college. (g) A male
   teacher. (h) The director of a number of persons performing a ceremony
   or  sharing  a feast. (i) The owner of a docile brute, -- especially a
   dog  or  horse.  (j)  The  controller  of  a  familiar spirit or other
   supernatural being.

   2.  One  who  uses, or controls at will, anything inanimate; as, to be
   master of one's time. Shak.

     Master of a hundred thousand drachms. Addison.

     We are masters of the sea. Jowett (Thucyd. ).

   3.  One  who  has  attained  great  skill in the use or application of
   anything; as, a master of oratorical art.

     Great masters of ridicule. Maccaulay.

     No  care  is taken to improve young men in their own language, that
     they may thoroughly understand and be masters of it. Locke.

   4.  A  title  given  by  courtesy,  now commonly pronounced m\'ccster,
   except  when  given  to boys; -- sometimes written Mister, but usually
   abbreviated to Mr.

   5. A young gentleman; a lad, or small boy.

     Where  there  are  little  masters  and misses in a house, they are
     impediments to the diversions of the servants. Swift.

   6.  (Naut.)  The  commander  of  a  merchant vessel; -- usually called
   captain.  Also,  a commissioned officer in the navy ranking next above
   ensign  and below lieutenant; formerly, an officer on a man-of-war who
   had immediate charge, under the commander, of sailing the vessel.

   7.  A person holding an office of authority among the Freemasons, esp.
   the  presiding  officer;  also,  a  person holding a similar office in
   other civic societies.
   Little  masters,  certain  German  engravers  of  the 16th century, so
   called  from  the  extreme  smallness  of  their  prints. -- Master in
   chancery,  an officer of courts of equity, who acts as an assistant to
   the chancellor or judge, by inquiring into various matters referred to
   him,  and  reporting  thereon to the court. -- Master of arts, one who
   takes  the  second  degree  at a university; also, the degree or title
   itself, indicated by the abbreviation M. A., or A. M. -- Master of the
   horse,  the  third  great  officer  in  the  British court, having the
   management  of  the  royal  stables,  etc. In ceremonial cavalcades he
   rides  next  to  the sovereign. -- Master of the rolls, in England, an
   officer  who  has  charge of the rolls and patents that pass the great
   seal,  and of the records of the chancery, and acts as assistant judge
   of  the  court. Bouvier. Wharton. -- Past master, one who has held the
   office  of  master  in a lodge of Freemasons or in a society similarly
   organized.  --  The  old  masters, distinguished painters who preceded
   modern  painters;  especially, the celebrated painters of the 16th and
   17th  centuries.  --  To  be  master  of  one's  self,  to have entire
   self-control;  not  to  be  governed  by  passion.  -- To be one's own
   master,  to be at liberty to act as one chooses without dictation from

     NOTE: &hand; Ma  ster, si  gnifying ch  ief, pr incipal, ma sterly,
     superior,  thoroughly  skilled, etc., is often used adjiectively or
     in compounds; as, master builder or master-builder, master chord or
     master-chord,  master  mason  or  master-mason,  master  workman or
     master-workman, master mechanic, master mind, master spirit, master
     passion, etc.

     Throughout the city by the master gate. Chaucer.

   Master  joint  (Geol.),  a quarryman's term for the more prominent and
   extended  joints  traversing a rock mass. -- Master key, a key adapted
   to   open   several   locks   differing   somewhat  from  each  other;
   figuratively,  a  rule  or principle of general application in solving
   difficulties.  --  Master lode (Mining), the principal vein of ore. --
   Master  mariner, an experienced and skilled seaman who is certified to
   be  competent  to command a merchant vessel. -- Master sinew (Far.), a
   large  sinew  that surrounds the hough of a horse, and divides it from
   the bone by a hollow place, where the windgalls are usually seated. --
   Master   singer.   See  Mastersinger.  --  Master  stroke,  a  capital
   performance; a masterly achievement; a consummate action; as, a master
   stroke  of policy. -- Master tap (Mech.), a tap for forming the thread
   in  a  screw cutting die. -- Master touch. (a) The touch or skill of a
   master.  Pope.  (b)  Some  part  of  a performance which exhibits very
   skillful  work  or  treatment.  "Some master touches of this admirable
   piece."  Tatler.  -- Master work, the most important work accomplished
   by  a  skilled  person,  as in architecture, literature, etc.; also, a
   work  which  shows  the  skill  of  a master; a masterpiece. -- Master
   workman,  a man specially skilled in any art, handicraft, or trade, or
   who is an overseer, foreman, or employer.


   Mas"ter  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Mastered  (?);  p. pr. vb. n.

   1.  To  become  the  master  of; to subject to one's will, control, or
   authority; to conquer; to overpower; to subdue.

     Obstinacy  and  willful  neglects  must be mastered, even though it
     cost blows. Locke.

   2.  To gain the command of, so as to understand or apply; to become an
   adept in; as, to master a science.

   3. To own; to posses. [Obs.]

     The wealth That the world masters. Shak.


   Mas"ter, v. i. To be skillful; to excel. [Obs.]


   Mas"ter*dom  (?),  n.  [Master  + -dom.] Dominion; rule; command. [R.]


   Mas"ter*ful (?), a.

   1.  Inclined  to  play  the master; domineering; imperious; arbitrary.

   2.  Having  the  skill  or power of a master; indicating or expressing
   power or mastery.

     His masterful, pale face. Mrs. Browning.


   Mas"ter*ful*ly, adv. In a masterful manner; imperiously.

     A lawless and rebellious man who held lands masterfully and in high
     contempt of the royal authority. Macaulay.


   Mas"ter*hood  (?),  n. The state of being a master; hence, disposition
   to command or hector. C. Bront\'82.


   Mas"ter*less,  a.  Destitute  of  a  master  or  owner;  ungoverned or
   ungovernable. -- Mas"ter*less*ness, n.


   Mas"ter*li*ness  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being masterly;
   ability to control wisely or skillfully.


   Mas"ter*ly, a.

   1.  Suitable  to,  or characteristic of, a master; indicating thorough
   knowledge  or superior skill and power; showing a master's hand; as, a
   masterly  design;  a  masterly performance; a masterly policy. "A wise
   and masterly inactivity." Sir J. Mackintosh.

   2. Imperious; domineering; arbitrary.


   Mas"ter*ly, adv. With the skill of a master.

     Thou dost speak masterly. Shak.


   Mas"ter*ous (?), a. Masterly. [Obs.] Milton.


   Mas"ter*piece` (?), n. Anything done or made with extraordinary skill;
   a capital performance; a chef-d'\'d2uvre; a supreme achievement.

     The top and masterpiece of art. South.

     Dissimulation was his masterpiece. Claredon.


   Mas"ter*ship, n.

   1. The state or office of a master.

   2. Mastery; dominion; superior skill; superiority.

     Where noble youths for mastership should strive. Driden.

   3. Chief work; masterpiece. [Obs.] Dryden.

   4. An ironical title of respect.

     How now, seignior Launce ! what news with your mastership ? Shak.


   Mas"ter*sing`er (?), n. [A translation of G. meisters\'84nger.] One of
   a  class  of poets which flourished in Nuremberg and some other cities
   of  Germany  in  the 15th and 16th centuries. They bound themselves to
   observe certain arbitrary laws of rhythm.


   Mas"ter*wort`   (?),   n.  (Bot.)  (a)  A  tall  and  coarse  European
   umbelliferous plant (Peucedanum Ostruthium, formerly Imperatoria). (b)
   The  Astrantia  major,  a  European  umbelliferous  plant with a showy
   colored   involucre.   (c)  Improperly,  the  cow  parsnip  (Heracleum


   Mas"ter*y (?), n.; pl. Masteries (#). [OF. maistrie.]

   1.   The  position  or  authority  of  a  master;  dominion;  command;
   supremacy; superiority.

     If  divided  by  mountains,  they will fight for the mastery of the
     passages of the tops. Sir W. Raleigh.

   2.    Superiority   in   war   or   competition;   victory;   triumph;

     The voice of them that shout for mastery. Ex. xxxii. 18.

     Every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things.
     1 Cor. ix. 25.

     O, but to have gulled him Had been a mastery. B. Jonson.

   3. Contest for superiority. [Obs.] Holland.

   4. A masterly operation; a feat. [Obs.]

     I will do a maistrie ere I go. Chaucer.

   5. Specifically, the philosopher's stone. [Obs.]

   6. The act process of mastering; the state of having mastered.

     He could attain to a mastery in all languages. Tillotson.

     The  learning  and mastery of a tongue, being unpleasant in itself,
     should not be cumbered with other difficulties. Locke.


   Mast"ful  (?), a. [See lst Mast.] Abounding in mast; producing mast in
   abundance; as, the mastful forest; a mastful chestnut. Dryden.


   Mast"head`  (?),  n.  (Naut.) The top or head of a mast; the part of a
   mast above the hounds.


   Mast"head",  v.  t.  (Naut.)  To  cause  to  go  to  the masthead as a
   punishment. Marryat.


   Mast"house`  (?),  n.  A  building in which vessels' masts are shaped,
   fitted, etc.


   Mas"tic  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr. L. mastiche, mastichum, Gr. [Written also

   1.  (Bot.)  A  low  shrubby tree of the genus Pistacia (P. Lentiscus),
   growing  upon  the  islands  and  coasts  of  the  Mediterranean,  and
   producing a valuable resin; -- called also, mastic tree.

   2. A resin exuding from the mastic tree, and obtained by incision. The
   best  is  in yellowish white, semitransparent tears, of a faint smell,
   and is used as an astringent and an aromatic, also as an ingredient in

   3. A kind of cement composed of burnt clay, litharge, and linseed oil,
   used for plastering walls, etc.
   Barbary  mastic  (Bot.),  the  Pistachia Atlantica. -- Peruvian mastic
   tree (Bot.), a small tree (Schinus Molle) with peppery red berries; --
   called  also  pepper  tree. -- West Indian mastic (Bot.), a lofty tree
   (Bursera gummifera) full of gum resin in every part.


   Mas"ti*ca*ble (?), a. Capable of being masticated.


   Mas`ti*ca"dor  (?),  n.  [Cf. Sp. mastigador. See Masticate.] (Man.) A
   part of a bridle, the slavering bit. [Written also mastigador.]


   Mas"ti*cate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Masticated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Masticating  (?).]  [L.  masticatus, p. p. of masticare to chew, prob.
   fr.  mastiche mastic. See Mastic.] To grind or crush with, or as with,
   the  teeth  and  prepare for swallowing and digestion; to chew; as, to
   masticate food.


   Mas"ti*ca`ter (?), n. One who masticates.


   Mas`ti*ca"tion (?), n. [L. masticatio: cf. F. mastication.] The act or
   operation of masticating; chewing, as of food.

     Mastication  is  a  necessary preparation of solid aliment, without
     which there can be no good digestion. Arbuthnot.


   Mas"ti*ca`tor (?), n.

   1. One who masticates.

   2.  A  machine for cutting meat into fine pieces for toothless people;
   also,  a  machine  for cutting leather, India rubber, or similar tough
   substances, into fine pieces, in some processes of manufacture.


   Mas"ti*ca*to*ry  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. masticatoire.] Chewing; adapted to
   perform the office o


   Mas"ti*ca*to*ry,  n.;  pl. -ries (. (Med.) A substance to be chewed to
   increase the saliva. Bacon.


   Mas"tich (?), n. See Mastic.


   Mas"ti*cin  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A white, amorphous, tenacious substance
   resembling caoutchouc, and obtained as an insoluble residue of mastic.


   Mas"ti*cot (?), n. (Chem.) Massicot. [Obs.]


   Mas"tiff (?), n.; pl. Mastiffs (. [Mastives is irregular and unusual.]
   [Prob.  fr.  Prov.  E.  masty, adj., large, n., a great dog, prob. fr.
   mast  fruit,  and  hence,  lit.,  fattened  with  mast. There is perh.
   confusion  with  OF. mestif mongrel; cf. also F. m\'83tin mastiff, OF.
   mastin.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  breed  of  large  dogs noted for strength and
   courage.  There  are various strains, differing in form and color, and
   characteristic  of  different  countries. Mastiff bat (Zo\'94l.) , any
   bat  of  the  genus  Molossus;  so  called  because  the face somewhat
   resembles that of a mastiff.


   Mas"ti*go*pod (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Mastigopoda.


   Mas`ti*gop"o*da (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The Infusoria.


   Mas"ti*gure   (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one  of  several  large
   spiny-tailed  lizards  of  the  genus Uromastix. They inhabit Southern
   Asia and North Africa.


   Mast"ing (?), n. (Naut.) The act or process of putting a mast or masts
   into  a  vessel;  also,  the scientific principles which determine the
   position of masts, and the mechanical methods of placing them. Masting
   house  (Naut.),  a large building, with suitable mechanism overhanging
   the water, used for stepping and unstepping the masts of vessels.


   Mas*ti"tis (?), n. [Gr. -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the breast.


   Mast"less  (?), a. [See lst Mast.] Bearing no mast; as, a mastless oak
   or beech. Dryden.


   Mast"less, a. [See 2d Mast.] Having no mast; as, a mastless vessel.

   Page 901


   Mast"lin (?), n. See Maslin.


   Mas"to*don  (?), n. [Gr. (Paleon.) An extinct genus of mammals closely
   allied to the elephant, but having less complex molar teeth, and often
   a pair of lower, as well as upper, tusks, which are incisor teeth. The
   species  were mostly larger than elephants, and their romains occur in
   nearly all parts of the world in deposits ranging from Miocene to late
   Quaternary time.


   Mas`to*don*sau"rus  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. E. Mastodon + Gr. (Paleon.) A
   large extinct genus of labyrinthodonts, found in the European Triassic


   Mas`to*don"tic  (?),  a. Pertaining to, or resembling, a mastodon; as,
   mastodontic dimensions. Everett.

                             Mastodynia, Mastodyny

   Mas`to*dyn"i*a (?), Mas*tod"y*ny (, n. [NL. mastodynia, fr. Gr. (Med.)
   Pain occuring in the mamma or female breast, -- a form of neuralgia.


   Mas"toid  (?), a. [Gr. masto\'8bde.] (Anat.) (a) Resembling the nipple
   or  the  breast;  -- applied specifically to a process of the temporal
   bone  behind  the  ear.  (b)  Pertaining  to, or in the region of, the
   mastoid process; mastoidal.


   Mas*toid"al (?), a. Same as Mastoid.


   Mas*tol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -logy:  cf.  F. mastologie.] The natural
   history of Mammalia.


   Mas"tress (?), n. Mistress. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mas`tur*ba"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  masturbatus,  p.  p.  of masturbari to
   practice onanism: cf. F. masturbation.] Onanism; self-pollution.


   Mast"y (?), a. [See lst Mast.] Full of mast; abounding in acorns, etc.

                                  Masula boat

   Ma*su"la boat` (?). Same as Masoola boat.


   Mat  (?),  n. [Cf. Matte.] A name given by coppersmiths to an alloy of
   copper,  tin,  iron,  etc.,  usually called white metal. [Written also


   Mat,  a.  [OF.  See 4th Mate.] Cast down; dejected; overthrown; slain.

     When he saw them so piteous and so maat. Chaucer.


   Mat, n. [AS. matt, meatt, fr. L. matta a mat made of rushes.]

   1.  A  fabric  of sedge, rushes, flags, husks, straw, hemp, or similar
   material, used for wiping and cleaning shoes at the door, for covering
   the floor of a hall or room, and for other purposes.

   2.  Any similar fabric for various uses, as for covering plant houses,
   putting  beneath  dishes  or  lamps  on a table, securing rigging from
   friction, and the like.

   3.  Anything growing thickly, or closely interwoven, so as to resemble
   a mat in form or texture; as, a mat of weeds; a mat of hair.

   4.  An  ornamental border made of paper, pasterboard, metal, etc., put
   under  the  glass  which  covers  a  framed  picture; as, the mat of a
   Mat  grass. (Bot.) (a) A low, tufted, European grass (Nardus stricta).
   (b)  Same  as  Matweed.  --  Mat  rush (Bot.), a kind of rush (Scirpus
   lacustris) used in England for making mats.


   Mat, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Matted (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Matting.]

   1. To cover or lay with mats. Evelyn.

   2.  To  twist, twine, or felt together; to interweave into, or like, a
   mat; to entangle.

     And o'er his eyebrows hung his matted hair. Dryden.


   Mat,  v.  i.  To  grow  thick together; to become interwoven or felted
   together like a mat.


   Ma`ta*chin"  (?),  n.  [Sp.]  An old dance with swords and bucklers; a
   sword dance.


   Mat"a*co  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The three-banded armadillo (Tolypeutis
   tricinctus). See Illust. under Loricata.

                               Matadore, Matador

   Mat"a*dore, Mat"a*dor (?), n. [Sp. matador, prop., a killer, fr. matar
   to kill, L. mactare to sacrifice, kill.]

   1. The killer; the man appointed to kill the bull in bullfights.

   2.  (Card  Playing)  In  the  game  of  quadrille  or omber, the three
   principal  trumps, the ace of spades being the first, the ace of clubs
   the  third,  and  the  second  being the deuce of a black trump or the
   seven of a red one.

     When  Lady  Tricksey  played  a  four, You took it with a matadore.


   Mat`a*gasse"  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) A shrike or butcher bird; -- called
   also mattages. [Prov. Eng.]


   Ma`ta*ma"ta  (?),  n.  [Pg.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The bearded tortoise (Chelys
   fimbriata) of South American rivers.


   Ma*tan"za  (?),  n. [Sp., slaughter, fr. matar to kill.] A place where
   animals are slaughtered for their hides and tallow. [Western U. S.]


   Match  (?),  n.  [OE.  macche, F. m\'8ache, F. m\'8ache, fr. L. myxa a
   lamp  nozzle,  Gr. Mucus.] Anything used for catching and retaining or
   communicating  fire,  made of some substance which takes fire readily,
   or  remains  burning  some time; esp., a small strip or splint of wood
   dipped  at  one  end  in  a  substance  which can be easily ignited by
   friction,  as  a  preparation  of phosphorus or chlorate of potassium.
   Match  box,  a  box  for  holding  matches. -- Match tub, a tub with a
   perforated  cover  for holding slow matches for firing cannon, esp. on
   board  ship.  The  tub  contains  a  little  water  in the bottom, for
   extinguishing sparks from the lighted matches. -- Quick match, threads
   of  cotton or cotton wick soaked in a solution of gunpowder mixed with
   gum  arabic  and boiling water and afterwards strewed over with mealed
   powder.  It  burns at the rate of one yard in thirteen seconds, and is
   used  as  priming  for  heavy  mortars, fireworks, etc. -- Slow match,
   slightly  twisted  hempen  rope  soaked in a solution of limewater and
   saltpeter  or washed in a lye of water and wood ashes. It burns at the
   rate  of  four  or five inches an hour, and is used for firing cannon,
   fireworks, etc.


   Match,  n.  [OE.  macche,  AS.  gem\'91cca; akin to gemaca, and to OS.
   gimako, OHG. gimah fitting, suitable, convenient, Icel. mark suitable,
   maki  mate,  Sw. make, Dan. mage; all from the root of E. make, v. See
   Make mate, and Make, v., and cf. Mate an associate.]

   1.  A person or thing equal or similar to another; one able to mate or
   cope with another; an equal; a mate.

     Government  . . . makes an innocent man, though of the lowest rank,
     a match for the mightiest of his fellow subjects. Addison.

   2.  A bringing together of two parties suited to one another, as for a
   union,  a  trial  of  skill  or  force,  a  contest,  or the like; as,
   specifically:  (a) A contest to try strength or skill, or to determine
   superiority; an emulous struggle. "Many a warlike match." Drayton.

     A solemn match was made; he lost the prize. Dryden.

   (b) A matrimonial union; a marriage.

   3. An agreement, compact, etc. "Thy hand upon that match." Shak.

     Love doth seldom suffer itself to be confined by other matches than
     those of its own making. Boyle.

   4. A candidate for matrimony; one to be gained in marriage. "She . . .
   was looked upon as the richest match of the West." Clarendon.

   5. Equality of conditions in contest or competition.

     It were no match, your nail against his horn. Shak.

   6.  Suitable  combination or bringing together; that which corresponds
   or  harmonizes  with something else; as, the carpet and curtains are a

   7.  (Founding)  A  perforated  board, block of plaster, hardened sand,
   etc.,  in  which a pattern is partly imbedded when a mold is made, for
   giving  shape  to  the surfaces of separation between the parts of the
   Match boarding (Carp.), boards fitted together with tongue and groove,
   or  prepared to be so fitted. -- Match game, a game arranged as a test
   of  superiority. -- Match plane (Carp.), either of the two planes used
   to  shape  the  edges  of  boards  which  are  joined  by grooving and
   tonguing.  -- Match plate (Founding), a board or plate on the opposite
   sides  of  which  the  halves of a pattern are fastened, to facilitate
   molding.  Knight. -- Match wheel (Mach.), a cogwheel of suitable pitch
   to  work  with another wheel; specifically, one of a pair of cogwheels
   of equal size.


   Match, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Matched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Matching.]

   1.  To  be  a mate or match for; to be able to complete with; to rival
   successfully; to equal.

     No  settled  senses  of  the  world  can match The pleasure of that
     madness. Shak.

   2.  To furnish with its match; to bring a match, or equal, against; to
   show  an equal competitor to; to set something in competition with, or
   in opposition to, as equal.

     No  history  or  antiquity  can  matchis  policies and his conduct.

   3. To oppose as equal; to contend successfully against.

     Eternal might To match with their inventions they presumed So easy,
     and of his thunder made a scorn. Milton.

   4.  To  make or procure the equal of, or that which is exactly similar
   to,  or  corresponds  with;  as,  to match a vase or a horse; to match
   cloth. "Matching of patterns and colors." Swift.

   5.  To  make equal, proportionate, or suitable; to adapt, fit, or suit
   (one thing to another).

     Let poets match their subject to their strength. Roscommon.

   6. To marry; to give in marriage.

     A  senator  of  Rome  survived, Would not have matched his daughter
     with a king. Addison.

   7.   To   fit   together,  or  make  suitable  for  fitting  together;
   specifically, to furnish with a tongue and a groove, at the edges; as,
   to match boards.
   Matching  machine,  a planing machine for forming a tongue or a groove
   on the edge of a board.


   Match, v. i.

   1. To be united in marriage; to mate.

     I hold it a sin to match in my kindred. Shak.

     Let tigers match with hinds, and wolves with sheep. Dryden.

   2.  To  be  of  equal, or similar, size, figure, color, or quality; to
   tally; to suit; to correspond; as, these vases match.


   Match"a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of  being matched; comparable on equal
   conditions;  adapted  to  being  joined  together;  correspondent.  --
   Match"a*ble*ness, n.

     Sir  Walter  Raleigh  .  .  .  is  matchable  with  the best of the
     ancients. Hakewill.


   Match"-cloth` (?), n. A coarse cloth.


   Match"-coat` (?), n. A coat made of match-cloth.


   Match"er  (?), n. One who, or that which, matches; a matching machine.
   See under 3d Match.


   Match"less, a. [Cf. Mateless.]

   1. Having no equal; unequaled. "A matchless queen." Waller.

   2.  Unlike  each  other;  unequal;  unsuited. [Obs.] "Matchless ears."
   Spenser. -- Match"less*ly, adv. -- Match"less*ness, n.


   Match"lock`  (?),  n.  An  old  form of gunlock containing a match for
   firing the priming; hence, a musket fired by means of a match.


   Match"mak`er (?), n.

   1. One who makes matches for burning or kinding.

   2. One who tries to bring about marriages.


   Match"mak`ing, n.

   1. The act or process of making matches for kindling or burning.

   2. The act or process of trying to bring about a marriage for others.


   Match"mak`ing,  a.  Busy  in  making  or  contriving  marriages; as, a
   matchmaking woman.


   Ma"te  (?),  n.  [Sp.]  The  Paraguay tea, being the dried leaf of the
   Brazilian  holly (Ilex Paraguensis). The infusion has a pleasant odor,
   with  an  agreeable  bitter  taste,  and is much used for tea in South


   Mate  (?),  n.  [F.  mat, abbrev. fr. \'82chec et mat. See Checkmate.]
   (Chess) Same as Checkmate.


   Mate, a. See 2d Mat. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mate,  v. t. [F. mater to fatigue, enfeeble, humiliate, checkmate. See
   Mate checkmate.]

   1. To confuse; to confound. [Obs.] Shak.

   2. To checkmate.


   Mate,  n.  [Perhaps  for  older  make  a  companion; cf. also OD. maet
   companion, mate, D. maat. Cf. Make a companion, Match a mate.]

   1.  One  who  customarily  associates  with  another;  a companion; an
   associate;  any  object which is associated or combined with a similar

   2.  Hence,  specifically,  a  husband  or  wife;  and  among the lower
   animals,  one  of  a  pair  associated for propagation and the care of
   their young.

   3. A suitable companion; a match; an equal.

     Ye  knew me once no mate For you; there sitting where you durst not
     soar. Milton.

   4.  (Naut.)  An  officer  in  a merchant vessel ranking next below the
   captain.  If  there  are  more  than  one  bearing the title, they are
   called, respectively, first mate, second mate, third mate, etc. In the
   navy, a subordinate officer or assistant; as, master's mate; surgeon's


   Mate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mated; p. pr. & vb. n. Mating.]

   1. To match; to marry.

     If she be mated with an equal husband. Shak.

   2. To match one's self against; to oppose as equal; to compete with.

     There  is  no  passion  in the mind of man so weak but it mates and
     masters the fear of death. Bacon.

     I, . . . in the way of loyalty and truth, . . . Dare mate a sounder
     man than Surrey can be. Shak.


   Mate,  v.  i.  To  be  or become a mate or mates, especially in sexual
   companionship;  as,  some birds mate for life; this bird will not mate
   with that one.


   Mate"less, a. [Cf. Matchless.] Having no mate.


   Mat"e*lote (?), n. [F., fr. matelot a sailor; properly, a dish such as
   sailors prepare.] A dish of food composed of many kings of fish.


   Ma`te*ol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  mat\'82ologie.]  A  vain,  unprofitable
   discourse or inquiry. [R.]


   Ma`te*o*tech"ny (?), n. [Gr. Any unprofitable science. [Obs.]


   Ma"ter  (?),  n. [L., mother. See Mother.] See Alma mater, Dura mater,
   and Pia mater.


   Ma*te"ri*al  (?), a. [L. materialis, fr. materia stuff, matter: cf. F.
   mat\'82riel. See Matter, and cf. Mat\'90riel.]

   1.  Consisting  of  matter;  not  spiritual;  corporeal; physical; as,
   material substance or bodies.

     The material elements of the universe. Whewell.

   2.  Hence: Pertaining to, or affecting, the physical nature of man, as
   distinguished  from the mental or moral nature; relating to the bodily
   wants, interests, and comforts.

   3.  Of  solid or weighty character; not insubstantial; of cinsequence;
   not be dispensed with; important.

     Discourse, which was always material, never trifling. Evelyn.

     I  shall, in the account of simple ideas, set down only such as are
     most material to our present purpose. Locke.

   4.  (Logic.)  Pertaining  to  the matter, as opposed to the form, of a
   thing. See Matter.
   Material  cause. See under Cause. -- Material evidence (Law), evidence
   which  conduces  to  the  proof  or disproof of a relevant hypothesis.
   Wharton.  Syn.  --  Corporeal;  bodily; important; weighty; momentous;


   Ma*te"ri*al,  n.  The substance or matter of which anything is made or
   may  be  made.  Raw  material,  any  crude,  unfinished, or elementary
   materials  that are adapted to use only by processes of skilled labor.
   Cotton, wool, ore, logs, etc., are raw material.
   Ma*te"ri*al,  v. t. To form from matter; to materialize. [Obs.] Sir T.


   Ma*te"ri*al*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. mat\'82rialisme.]

   1. The doctrine of materialists; materialistic views and tenets.

     The  irregular  fears  of a future state had been supplanted by the
     materialism of Epicurus. Buckminster.

   2.  The  tendency  to  give  undue  importance  to material interests;
   devotion to the material nature and its wants.

   3.  Material  substances  in  the  aggregate;  matter.  [R. & Obs.] A.

   Page 902


   Ma*te"ri*al*ist (?), n. [Cf. F. mat\'82rialiste.]

   1. One who denies the existence of spiritual substances or agents, and
   maintains  that spiritual phenomena, so called, are the result of some
   peculiar organization of matter.

   2. One who holds to the existence of matter, as distinguished from the
   idealist, who denies it. Berkeley.

                        Materialistic, Materialistical

   Ma*te`ri*al*is"tic (?), Ma*te`ri*al*is"tic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining
   to materialism or materialists; of the nature of materialism.

     But  to me his very spiritualism seemed more materialistic than his
     physics. C. Kingsley.


   Ma*te`ri*al"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. mat\'82rialit\'82.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  material;  material existence;

   2. Importance; as, the materiality of facts.


   Ma*te`ri*al*i*za"tion  (?),  n. The act of materializing, or the state
   of being materialized.


   Ma*te"ri*al*ize  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Materialized (?); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Materializing (?).] [Cf. F. mat\'82rialiser.]

   1. To invest wich material characteristics; to make perceptible to the
   senses;  hence,  to present to the mind through the medium of material

     Having wich wonderful art and beauty materialized, if I may so call
     it,  a  scheme  of  abstracted  notions, and clothed the most nice,
     refined conceptions of philosophy in sensible images. Tatler.

   2.  To  regard  as  matter;  to  consider  or  explain  by the laws or
   principles which are appropriate to matter.

   3.  To  cause to assume a character appropriate to material things; to
   occupy with material interests; as, to materialize thought.

   4.  (Spiritualism)  To  make visable in, or as in, a material form; --
   said of spirits.

     A   female   spirit   form   temporarily   materialized,   and  not
     distinguishable from a human being. Epes Sargent.


   Ma*te"ri*al*ize,  v.  i.  To  appear  as  a  material  form;  to  take
   substantial shape. [Colloq.]


   Ma*te"ri*al*ly, adv.

   1. In the state of matter.

     I  do  not mean that anything is separable from a body by fire that
     was not materially pre\'89xistent in it. Boyle.

   2. In its essence; substantially.

     An  ill  intention is certainly sufficient to spoil . . . an act in
     itself materially good. South.

   3.  In  an  important  manner or degree; essentaily; as, it materially
   concern us to know the real motives of our actions.


   Ma*te"ri*al*ness, n. The state of being material.

                                Materia medica

   Ma*te"ri*a med"i*ca (?). [L. See Matter, and Medical.]

   1.  Material  or  substance  used in the composition of remedies; -- a
   general term for all substances used as curative agents in medicine.

   2.  That  branch  of  medical  science  which treats of the nature and
   properties  of  all  the  substances that are employed for the cure of


   Ma*te`ri*a"ri*an (?), n. [L. materiarius.] See Materialist. [Obs.]

                             Materiate, Materiated

   Ma*te"ri*ate  (?),  Ma*te"ri*a`ted  (?),  a.  [L. materiatus, p. p. of
   materiare to build of wood.] Consisting of matter. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Ma*te`ri*a"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  materiatio  woodwork.]  Act of forming
   matter. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Ma`t\'82`ri`el"  (?),  n.  [F. See Material.] That in a complex system
   which   constitutes   the   materials,  or  instruments  employed,  in
   distinction  from  the  personnel, or men; as, the baggage, munitions,
   provisions,  etc.,  of  an  army;  or  the  buildings,  libraries, and
   apparatus of a college, in distinction from its officers.


   Ma*te"ri*ous (?), a. See Material. [Obs.]


   Ma*ter"nal  (?),  a.  [F. maternel, L. maternus, fr. mater mother. See
   Mother.] Of or pertaining to a mother; becoming to a mother; motherly;
   as, maternal love; maternal tenderness. Syn. -- See Motherly.


   Ma*ter"nal*ly, adv. In a motherly manner.


   Ma*ter"ni*ty  (?),  n. [F. maternit\'82, LL. maternitas.] The state of
   being a mother; the character or relation of a mother.


   Mat"fel*on  (?),  n.  [W.  madfelen.]  (Bot.)  The knapweed (Centaurea


   Math  (?),  n.  [AS.  mm\'bewan  to  mow, G. mahd math. See Mow to cut
   (grass).]  A  mowing,  or that which is gathered by mowing; -- chiefly
   used in composition; as, an aftermath. [Obs.]

     The  first mowing thereof, for the king's use, is wont to be sooner
     than the common math. Bp. Hall.


   Math`e*mat"ic  (?), a. [F. math\'82matique, L. mathematicus, Gr. mind.
   See Mind.] See Mathematical.


   Math`e*mat"ic*al  (?),  a.  [See  Mathematic.]  Of  or  pertaining  to
   mathematics;  according  to mathematics; hence, theoretically precise;
   accurate;   as,   mathematical  geography;  mathematical  instruments;
   mathematical exactness. -- Math`e*mat"ic*al*ly, adv.


   Math`e*ma*ti"cian  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. math\'82maticien.] One versed in


   Math`e*mat"ics  (?),  n.  [F.  math\'82matiques,  pl., L. mathematica,
   sing.,  Gr. Mathematic, and -ics.] That science, or class of sciences,
   which  treats  of  the  exact relations existing between quantities or
   magnitudes,  and  of  the  methods  by which, in accordance with these
   relations, quantities sought are deducible from other quantities known
   or supposed; the science of spatial and quantitative relations.

     NOTE: &hand; Ma thematics em braces th ree de partments, namely: 1.
     Arithmetic. 2. Geometry, including Trigonometry and Conic Sections.
     3.   Analysis,  in  which  letters  are  used,  including  Algebra,
     Analytical  Geometry,  and  Calculus.  Each  of  these divisions is
     divided  into  pure  or  abstract,  which  considers  magnitude  or
     quantity  abstractly,  without  relation  to  matter;  and mixed or
     applied,  which  treats  of  magnitude  as  subsisting  in material
     bodies,    and    is    consequently   interwoven   with   physical


   Math"er (?), n. See Madder.


   Math"es  (?), n. [Perh. corrupted fr. L. anthemis camomile, Gr. (Bot.)
   The mayweed. Cf. Maghet.


   Ma*the"sis  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr. Gr. Learning; especially, mathematics.
   [R.] Pope.


   Math"u*rin (?), n. (R. C. Ch.) See Trinitarian.


   Ma*ti"co  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  Peruvian  plant  (Piper,  OR  Artanthe,
   elongatum),  allied  to  the pepper, the leaves of which are used as a
   styptic and astringent.


   Mat"ie (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A fat herring with undeveloped roe. [Written
   also matty.] [Eng. & Scot.]


   M&acir;`tin" (?), n. [F. m&acir;tin.] (Zo\'94l.) A French mastiff.


   Mat"in  (?),  n.  [F.  fr.  L. matutinum the morning, matutinus of the
   morning, Matuta the goddess of the morning. See Matutinal.]

   1. Morning. [Obs.] Shak.

   2.  pl.  [F.  matines. See Etymol. above.] Morning worship or service;
   morning prayers or songs.

     The winged choristers began To chirp their matins. Cleveland.

   3.  Time  of  morning  service;  the first canonical hour in the Roman
   Catholic Church.


   Mat"in,  a. Of or pertaining to the morning, or to matins; used in the
   morning; matutinal.


   Mat"in*al (?), a. Relating to the morning, or to matins; matutinal.


   Mat`i*n\'82e"  (?),  n. [F., from matin. See Matin.] A reception, or a
   musical or dramatic entertainment, held in the daytime. See Soir\'90e.


   Ma*trass"  (?),  n.  [F.  matras; perh. so called from its long narrow
   neck;  cf.  OF.  matras  large  arrow,  L. materis, mataris, matara, a
   Celtic  javelin,  pike;  of  Celtic  origin.] (Chem.) A round-bottomed
   glass flask having a long neck; a bolthead.


   Mat"ress (?), n. See Matress.


   Ma"tri*arch (?), n. [L. mater mother + -arch.] The mother and ruler of
   a family or of her descendants; a ruler by maternal right.


   Ma`tri*ar"chal  (?), a. Of or pertaining to a matriarch; governed by a


   Ma"tri*ar"chate  (?),  n. The office or jurisdiction of a matriarch; a
   matriarchal form of government.


   Ma"trice (?), n. [Cf. F. matrice. See Matrix.] See Matrix.


   Mat"ri*ci`dal (?), a. Of or pertaining to matricide.


   Mat"ri*cide  (?),  n. [L. matricidium; mater mother + coedere to kill,
   slay: cf. F. matricide. See Mother, and cf. Homicide.]

   1. The murder of a mother by her son or daughter.

   2. [L. matricida: cf. F. matricide.] One who murders one's own mother.


   Ma*tric"u*late (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Matriculated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Matriculating.]  [L.  matricula a public roll or register, dim. of
   matrix  a  mother, in respect to propagation, also, a public register.
   See Matrix.] To enroll; to enter in a register; specifically, to enter
   or admit to membership in a body or society, particularly in a college
   or university, by enrolling the name in a register.

     In  discovering  and  matriculating  the  arms of commissaries from
     North America. Sir W. Scott.


   Ma*tric"u*late,  v.  i.  To  go  though  the  process  of admission to
   membership, as by examination and enrollment, in a society or college.


   Ma*tric"u*late  (?),  a.  Matriculated.  Skelton.  --  n.  One  who is
   matriculated. Arbuthnot.


   Ma*tric`u*la"tion  (?),  n.  The  act or process of matriculating; the
   state of being matriculated.


   Mat"ri*moine (?), n. Matrimony. [Obs.]


   Mat`ri*mo"ni*al  (?),  a.  [L.  matrimonialis: cf. F. matrimonial. See
   Matrimony.]  Of  or  pertaining  to  marriage;  derived from marriage;
   connubial; nuptial; hymeneal; as, matrimonial rights or duties.

     If  he  relied upon that title, he could be but a king at courtesy,
     and have rather a matrimonial than a regal power. Bacon.

   Syn. -- Connubial; conjugal; sponsal; spousal; nuptial; hymeneal.


   Mat`ri*mo"ni*al*ly, adv. In a matrimonial manner.


   Mat`ri*mo"ni*ous (?), a. Matrimonial. [R.] Milton.


   Mat"ri*mo*ny  (?),  n.  [OE.  matrimoine,  through  Old French, fr. L.
   matrimonium, fr. mater mother. See Mother.]

   1.  The union of man and woman as husband and wife; the nuptial state;
   marriage; wedlock.

     If  either  of  you know any impediment, why ye may not be lawfully
     joined  together  in  matrimony,  ye do now confessit. Book of Com.
     Prayer (Eng. Ed. )

   2. A kind of game at cards played by several persons.
   Matrimony vine (Bot.), a climbing thorny vine (Lycium barbarum) of the
   Potato family. Gray. Syn. -- Marriage; wedlock. See Marriage.


   Ma"trix  (?), n.; pl. Matrices (#). [L., fr. mater mother. See Mother,
   and cf. Matrice.]

   1. (Anat.) The womb.

     All that openeth the matrix is mine. Ex. xxxiv. 19.

   2. Hence, that which gives form or origin to anything; as: (a) (Mech.)
   The  cavity  in  which anything is formed, and which gives it shape; a
   die; a mold, as for the face of a type. (b) (Min.) The earthy or stony
   substance  in  which metallic ores or crystallized minerals are found;
   the  gangue.  (c)  pl.  (Dyeing) The five simple colors, black, white,
   blue, red, and yellow, of which all the rest are composed.

   3. (Biol.) The lifeless portion of tissue, either animal or vegetable,
   situated between the cells; the intercellular substance.

   4.  (Math.)  A rectangular arrangement of symbols in rows and columns.
   The symbols may express quantities or operations.


   Ma"tron  (?),  n.  [F.  matrone,  L.  matrona,  fr.  mater mother. See

   1.  A wife or a widow, especially, one who has borne children; a woman
   of staid or motherly manners.

     Your wives, your daughters, Your matrons, and your maids. Shak.

     Grave  from  her  cradle, insomuch that she was a matron before she
     was a mother. Fuller.

   2.  A housekeeper; esp., a woman who manages the domestic economy of a
   public  instution;  a  head  nurse  in a hospital; as, the matron of a
   school or hospital.
   Jury of matrons (Law), a jury of experienced women called to determine
   the  question  of  pregnancy  when set up in bar of execution, and for
   other cognate purposes.


   Mat"ron*age (?), n.

   1. The state of a matron.

   2. The collective body of matrons. Burke.

     Can  a  politician slight the feelings and convictions of the whole
     matronage of his country ? Hare.


   Mat"ron*al  (?),  a.  [L.  matronalis.]  Of or pertaining to a matron;
   suitable to an elderly lady or to a married woman; grave; motherly.


   Ma"tron*hood (?), n. The state of being a matron.


   Mat"ron*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Matronized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Matronizing (?).]

   1. To make a matron of; to make matronlike.

     Childbed matronizes the giddiest spirits. Richardson.

   2.  To  act the part of a marton toward; to superintend; to chaperone;
   as, to matronize an assembly.


   Ma"tron*like` (?), a. Like a matron; sedate; grave; matronly.


   Ma"tron*ly, a.

   1. Advanced in years; elderly.

   2. Like, or befitting, a matron; grave; sedate.


   Mat`ro*nym"ic  (?),  n.  [L. mater mother + -nymic, as in patronimic.]
   See Metronymic.


   Ma*tross"  (?),  n.  [D. matroos, fr. F. matelot.] (Mil.) Formerly, in
   the  British service, a gunner or a gunner's mate; one of the soldiers
   in  a train of artillery, who assisted the gunners in loading, firing,
   and sponging the guns. [Obs.]


   Matt (?), n. See Matte. Knight.


   Mat`ta*ges"  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) A shrike or butcher bird; -- written
   also matagasse. [Prov. Eng.]


   Mat"ta*more`  (?),  n.  [F.  matamore,  from Ar. matm.] A subterranean
   repository for wheat.


   Matte  (?), n. [F. matte; cf. F. mat, masc., matte, fem., faint, dull,
   dim; -- said of metals. See Mate checkmate.]

   1.   (Metallurgy)  A  partly  reduced  copper  sulphide,  obtained  by
   alternately  roasting  and  melting copper ore in separating the metal
   from  associated iron ores, and called coarse metal, fine metal, etc.,
   according  to  the grade of fineness. On the exterior it is dark brown
   or black, but on a fresh surface is yellow or bronzy in color.

   2.  A  dead  or  dull finish, as in gilding where the gold leaf is not
   burnished,  or  in painting where the surface is purposely deprived of


   Mat"ted  (?),  a. [See Matte.] Having a dull surface; unburnished; as,
   matted  gold  leaf  or  gilding.  Matted  glass, glass ornamented with
   figures on a dull ground.


   Mat"ted, a. [See 3d Mat.]

   1. Covered with a mat or mats; as, a matted floor.

   2.  Tangled  closely  together;  having  its  parts  adhering  closely
   together; as, matted hair.


   Mat"ter (?), n. [OE. matere, F. mati\'8are, fr. L. materia; perh. akin
   to L. mater mother. Cf. Mother, Madeira, Material.]

   1.   That  of  which  anything  is  composed;  constituent  substance;
   material;   the   material   or  substantial  part  of  anything;  the
   constituent  elements  of  conception; that into which a notion may be
   analyzed; the essence; the pith; the embodiment.

     He is the matter of virtue. B. Jonson.

   2.  That  of  which  the sensible universe and all existent bodies are
   composed;   anything  which  has  extension,  occupies  space,  or  is
   perceptible by the senses; body; substance.

     NOTE: &hand; Ma tter is  us ually di vided by philosophical writers
     into  three kinds or classes: solid, liquid, and a\'89riform. Solid
     substances   are   those  whose  parts  firmly  cohere  and  resist
     impression,  as wood or stone. Liquids have free motion among their
     parts,   and  easily  yield  to  impression,  as  water  and  wine.
     A\'89riform substances are elastic fluids, called vapors and gases,
     as air and oxygen gas.

   3.  That  with  regard  to, or about which, anything takes place or is
   done;  the  thing aimed at, treated of, or treated; subject of action,
   discussion,  consideration,  feeling,  complaint, legal action, or the
   like; theme. "If the matter should be tried by duel." Bacon.

     Son of God, Savior of men ! Thy name Shall be the copious matter of
     my song. Milton.

     Every  great  matter  they  shall  bring unto thee, but every small
     matter they shall judge. Ex. xviii. 22.

   4.  That which one has to treat, or with which one has to do; concern;
   affair; business.

     To  help  the  matter,  the alchemists call in many vanities out of
     astrology. Bacon.

     Some young female seems to have carried matters so far, that she is
     ripe for asking advice. Spectator.

   5.  Affair  worthy  of  account;  thing  of  consequence;  importance;
   significance;  moment;  --  chiefly  in  the  phrases what matter ? no
   matter, and the like.

     A  prophet  some, and some a poet, cry; No matter which, so neither
     of them lie. Dryden.

   6.  Inducing cause or occasion, especially of anything disagreeable or
   distressing; difficulty; trouble.

     And  this is the matter why interpreters upon that passage in Hosea
     will  not  consent  it  to be a true story, that the prophet took a
     harlot to wife. Milton.

   Page 903

   7. Amount; quantity; portion; space; -- often indefinite.

     Away he goes, . . . a matter of seven miles. L' Estrange.

     I have thoughts to tarry a small matter. Congreve.

     No  small matter of British forces were commanded over sea the year
     before. Mi


   8.  Substance excreted from living animal bodies; that which is thrown
   out  or  discharged  in  a  tumor,  boil,  or  abscess;  pus; purulent

   9.  (Metaph.) That which is permanent, or is supposed to be given, and
   in  or  upon  which  changes are effected by psychological or physical
   processes and relations; -- opposed to form. Mansel.

   10.  (Print.) Written manuscript, or anything to be set in type; copy;
   also,  type  set  up  and ready to be used, or which has been used, in
   Dead  matter (Print.), type which has been used, or which is not to be
   used,  in  printing,  and  is  ready  for distribution. -- Live matter
   (Print.),  type  set  up,  but not yet printed from. -- Matter in bar,
   Matter of fact. See under Bar, and Fact. -- Matter of record, anything
   recorded.  --  Upon  the matter, OR Upon the whole matter, considering
   the whole; taking all things into view.

     Waller, with Sir William Balfour, exceeded in horse, but were, upon
     the whole matter, equal in foot. Clarendon.


   Mat"ter  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Mattered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To be of importance; to import; to signify.

     It matters not how they were called. Locke.

   2.  To  form  pus  or  matter,  as an abscess; to maturate. [R.] "Each
   slight sore mattereth." Sir P. Sidney.


   Mat"ter,  v.  t.  To  regard as important; to take account of; to care
   for. [Obs.]

     He did not matter cold nor hunger. H. Brooke.


   Mat"ter*less, a.

   1. Not being, or having, matter; as, matterless spirits. Davies (Wit's
   Pilgr. ).

   2. Unimportant; immaterial. [Obs.]


   Mat"ter-of-fact"  (?),  a.  Adhering  to facts; not turning aside from
   absolute realities; not fanciful or imaginative; commonplace; dry.


   Mat"ter*y (?), a.

   1. Generating or containing pus; purulent.

   2. Full of substance or matter; important. B. Jonson.


   Mat"ting (?), n. [From Mat, v. t. & i.]

   1.  The  act of interweaving or tangling together so as to make a mat;
   the process of becoming matted.

   2.  Mats, in general, or collectively; mat work; a matlike fabric, for
   use  in  covering  floors,  packing  articles, and the like; a kind of
   carpeting made of straw, etc.

   3. Materials for mats.

   4. An ornamental border. See 3d Mat, 4.


   Mat"ting, n. [See Matte.] A dull, lusterless surface in certain of the
   arts, as gilding, metal work, glassmaking, etc.


   Mat"tock  (?), n. [AS. mattuc; cf. W. matog.] An implement for digging
   and  grubbing. The head has two long steel blades, one like an adz and
   the other like a narrow ax or the point of a pickax.

     'T is you must dig with mattock and with spade. Shak.


   Mat`to*wac"ca  (?),  n. [Indian name.] (Zo\'94l.) An American clupeoid
   fish (Clupea mediocris), similar to the shad in habits and appearance,
   but  smaller  and less esteemed for food; -- called also hickory shad,
   tailor shad, fall herring, and shad herring.


   Mat"tress  (?),  n. [OF. materas, F. matelas, LL. matratium; cf. Sp. &
   Pg.  almadraque, Pr. almatrac; all from Ar. ma&tsdot;rah a place where
   anything  is  thrown, what is thrown under something, fr. &tsdot;araha
   to throw.]

   1.  A  quilted  bed;  a bed stuffed with hair, moss, or other suitable
   material, and quilted or otherwise fastened. [Written also matress.]

   2.  (Hydraulic  Engin.)  A  mass  of interwoven brush, poles, etc., to
   protect a bank from being worn away by currents or waves.


   Mat"u*rant  (?),  n.  [L.  maturans,  p.  pr.  See Maturate.] (Med.) A
   medicine, or application, which promotes suppuration.


   Mat"u*rate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Maturated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Maturating  (?).]  [L.  maturatus, p. p. of maturare to make ripe, fr.
   maturus ripe, mature. See Mature, v. & a.]

   1. To bring to ripeness or maturity; to ripen.

     A tree may be maturated artificially. Fuller.

   2. To promote the perfect suppuration of (an abscess).


   Mat"u*rate, v. i. To ripen; to become mature; specif


   Mat`u*ra"tion  (?),  n. [L. maturatio a hastening: cf. F. maturation.]
   The   process   of   bringing,  or  of  coming,  to  maturity;  hence,
   specifically,  the  process of suppurating perfectly; the formation of
   pus or matter.


   Mat"u*ra*tive  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. maturatif.] Conducing to ripeness or
   maturity; hence, conducing to suppuration.


   Mat"u*ra*tive, n. (Med.) A remedy promoting maturation; a maturant.


   Ma*ture" (?), a. [Compar. Maturer (?); superl. Maturest.] [L. maturus;
   prob. akin to E. matin.]

   1.   Brought   by  natural  process  to  completeness  of  growth  and
   development;  fitted  by  growth  and  development  for  any function,
   action, or state, appropriate to its kind; full-grown; ripe.

     Now is love mature in ear. Tennison.

     How shall I meet, or how accost, the sage, Unskilled in speech, nor
     yet mature of age ? Pope.

   2.  Completely  worked  out;  fully  digested  or  prepared; ready for
   action;  made  ready for destined application or use; perfected; as, a
   mature plan.

     This  lies  glowing,  .  .  .  and is almost mature for the violent
     breaking out. Shak.

   3.  Of  or pertaining to a condition of full development; as, a man of
   mature years.

   4.  Come  to,  or  in a state of, completed suppuration. Syn. -- Ripe;
   perfect;  completed;  prepared; digested; ready. -- Mature, Ripe. Both
   words   describe  fullness  of  growth.  Mature  brings  to  view  the
   progressiveness of the process; ripe indicates the result. We speak of
   a thing as mature when thinking of the successive stayes through which
   it  has  passed; as ripe, when our attention is directed merely to its
   state.  A  mature  judgment;  mature consideration; ripe fruit; a ripe


   Ma*ture"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Matured (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Maturing.]  [See Maturate, Mature.] To bring or hasten to maturity; to
   promote ripeness in; to ripen; to complete; as, to mature one's plans.


   Ma*ture", v. i.

   1.  To  advance  toward  maturity; to become ripe; as, wine matures by
   age; the judgment matures by age and experience.

   2. Hence, to become due, as a note.


   Ma*ture"ly, adv.

   1. In a mature manner; with ripeness; completely.

   2. With caution; deliberately. Dryden.

   3. Early; soon. [A Latinism, little used] Bentley.


   Ma*ture"ness, n. The state or quality of being mature; maturity.


   Ma*tur"er (?), n. One who brings to maturity.


   Mat`u*res"cent  (?),  a.  [L.  maturescens,  p.  pr. of maturescere to
   become  ripe,  v.  incho.  from  maturus.  See Mature, a.] Approaching


   Ma*tur"ing (?), a. Approaching maturity; as, maturing fruits; maturing
   notes of hand.


   Ma*tu"ri*ty (?), n. [L. maturitas: cf. F. maturit\'82.]

   1.  The  state or quality of being mature; ripeness; full development;
   as,  the  maturity  of  corn  or  of  grass; maturity of judgment; the
   maturity of a plan.

   2.  Arrival of the time fixed for payment; a becoming due; termination
   of the period a note, etc., has to run.


   Mat`u*ti"nal (?), a. [L. matutinalis, matutinus: cf. F. matutinal. See
   Matin.] Of or pertaining to the morning; early.


   Ma*tu"ti*na*ry (?), a. Matutinal. [R.]


   Mat"u*tine (?), a. Matutinal. [R.]


   Mat"weed`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) A name of several maritime grasses, as the
   sea sand-reed (Ammophila arundinacea) which is used in Holland to bind
   the  sand  of the seacoast dikes (see Beach grass, under Beach); also,
   the Lygeum Spartum, a Mediterranean grass of similar habit.


   Mat"y  (?), n. [Etymology uncertain.] A native house servant in India.
   Balfour (Cyc. of India).


   Matz"oth (?), n. [Heb. matsts&omac;th, pl. of matsts\'beh unleavened.]
   A  cake  of  unleavened  bread  eaten  by the Jews at the feast of the
   Passover.<-- this is pl. form. sing. is matzo or matzoh. Other plurals
   matzos and matzohs -->


   Mau*ca"co  (?),  n.  [From  the  native  name.] (Zo\'94l.) A lemur; --
   applied  to several species, as the White-fronted, the ruffed, and the
   ring-tailed lemurs.


   Maud (?), n. A gray plaid; -- used by shepherds in Scotland.


   Mau"dle  (?),  v.  t.  To  throw onto confusion or disorder; to render
   maudlin. [Obs.]


   Maud"lin  (?), a. [From Maudlin, a contr. of Magdalen, OE. Maudeleyne,
   who is drawn by painters with eyes swelled and red with weeping.]

   1.  Tearful;  easily  moved  to  tears; exciting to tears; excessively
   sentimental;   weak   and  silly.  "Maudlin  eyes."  Dryden.  "Maudlin
   eloquence."  Roscommon.  "A  maudlin  poetess." Pope. "Maudlin crowd."

   2. Drunk, or somewhat drunk; fuddled; given to drunkenness.

     Maudlin Clarence in his malmsey butt. Byron.

                              Maudlin, Maudeline

   Maud"lin,  Maude"line  (?),  n. (Bot.) An aromatic composite herb, the
   costmary;  also,  the  South  European  Achillea  Ageratum,  a kind of


   Muad"lin*ism (?), n. A maudlin state. Dickens.


   Maud"lin*wort` (?), n. (Bot.) The oxeye daisy.

                                Mauger, Maugre

   Mau"ger,  Mau"gre  (?), prep. [OF. maugr\'82, malgr\'82, F. malgr\'82.
   See  Mal-,  Malice,  and  Agree.]  In  spite  of;  in  opposition  to;

     A man must needs love maugre his heed. Chaucer.

     This mauger all the world will I keep safe. Shak.


   Mau"gre, v. t. To defy. [Obs.] J. Webster.


   Mau"kin (?), n.

   1. See Malkin.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A hare. [Scot.]


   Maul  (?),  n.  [See  Mall a hammer.] A heavy wooden hammer or beetle.
   [Written also mall.]


   Maul, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mauled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Mauling.]

   1.  To  beat  and  bruise  with a heavy stick or cudgel; to wound in a
   coarse manner.

     Meek modern faith to murder, hack, and maul. Pope.

   2. To injure greatly; to do much harm to.

     It mauls not only the person misrepreseted, but him also to whom he
     is misrepresented. South.


   Maule (?), n. (Bot.) The common mallow.


   Maul"ing (?), n. A severe beating with a stick, cudgel, or the fist.


   Maul"-stick` (?), n. [G. malerstock; maler a painter + stock stick.] A
   stick  used by painters as a rest for the hand while working. [Written
   also mahl-stick.]


   Mau"met (?), n. See Mawmet. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Maunch (?), v. t. To munch. [Obs.]


   Maunch (?), n. See Manche.


   Maund (?), n. [AS. mand, mond.] A hand basket. [Obs.] Herrick.


   Maund,  n.  [Hind,  &  Per.  man.]  An  East Indian weight, varying in
   different localities from 25 to about 82 pounds avoirdupois.

                                Maund, Maunder

   Maund (?), Maund"er (?), v. i. [Cf. F. mendier to beg, E. mendicant.]

   1. To beg. [Obs.] B. Jonson. Beau. & Fl.

   2.  To  mutter;  to  mumble;  to  grumble;  to  speak  indistinctly or
   disconnectedly; to talk incoherently.

     He  was  ever  maundering by the how that he met a party of scarlet
     devils. Sir W. Scott.


   Maund"er, v. t. To utter in a grumbling manner; to mutter.


   Maund"er, n. A beggar. [Obs.]


   Maund"er*er (?), n. One who maunders.


   Maun"dril  (?),  n. [Cf. Mandrel.] (Coa A pick with two prongs, to pry

                                Maundy Thursday

   Maun"dy  Thurs"day  (?).  [OE.  maunde  a  command,  OF.  mand\'82, L.
   mandatum,  from mandare to command. See called from the ancient custom
   of washing the feet of the poor on this day, which was taken to be the
   fulfillment  of  the "new commandment," John xiii. 5, 34.] (Eccl.) The
   Thursday in Passion week, or next before Good Friday.


   Maun"gy (?), a. Mangy. [Obs.] Skelton.


   Mau*resque" (?), a. & n. See Moresque.


   Maur"ist (?), n. [From Maurus, the favorite disciple of St. Benedict.]
   A  member  of  the  Congregation  of  Saint  Maur,  an offshoot of the
   Benedictines,   originating  in  France  in  the  early  part  of  the
   seventeenth  century.  The  Maurists have been distinguished for their
   interest in literature.


   Mau`so*le"an  (?),  a.  [L. Mausoleus. See Mausoleum.] Pertaining to a
   mausoleum; monumental.


   Mau`so*le"um  (?),  n.;  pl.  E.  Mausoleums  (#),  L.  -lea  (#). [L.
   mausoleum, Gr. A magnificent tomb, or stately sepulchral monument.


   Mau"ther  (?),  n.  [Cf.  AS.  m\'91g  a maid.] [Also spelled mawther,
   mother.] A girl; esp., a great, awkward girl; a wench. [Prov. Eng.]


   Mauv`an"i*line (?), n. (Chem.) See Mauve aniline, under Mauve.


   Mauve  (?),  n. [F., mallow, L. malva. So named from the similarity of
   the  color  to  that of the petals of common mallow, Malva sylvestris.
   See  Mallow.]  A  color  of a delicate purple, violet, or lilac. Mauve
   aniline  (Chem.), a dyestuff produced artificially by the oxidation of
   commercial   aniline,  and  the  first  discovered  of  the  so-called
   coal-tar,   or   aniline,   dyes.  It  consists  of  the  sulphate  of
   mauve\'8bne,  and  is  a  dark brown or bronze amorphous powder, which
   dissolves  to  a  beatiful  purple  color. Called also aniline purple,
   violine, etc.
   Mauve"\'8bne  (?),  n. (Chem.) An artificial organic base, obtained by
   oxidizing  a  mixture  of  aniline and toluidine, and valuable for the
   dyestuffs it forms. [Written also mauvine.]
   Mauv"ine (?), a. Mauve-colored.
   Mav"er*ick  (?),  n.  In the southwestern part of the united States, a
   bullock or heifer that has not been branded, and is unclaimed or wild;
   --  said  to be from Maverick, the name of a cattle owner in Texas who
   naglected to brand his cattle.
   Ma"vis   (m&amac;"v&icr;s),   n.  [F.  mauvis,  Arm.  milvid,  milfid,
   milc'hhouid,  Corn. melhuez.] (Zo\'94l.) The European throstle or song
   thrush (Turdus musicus).
   Maw (?), n. [See Mew a gull.] (Zo\'94l.) A gull. 


   Maw,  n.  [OE.  mawe, AS. maga stomach; akin to D. maag, OHG. mago, G.
   magen, Icel. magi, Sw. mage, Dan. mave.

   1.  A  stomach; the receptacle into which food is taken by swallowing;
   in  birds,  the  craw;  --  now  used only of the lower animals, exept
   humorously or in contempt. Chaucer.

     Bellies and maws of living creatures. Bacon.

   2. Appetite; inclination. [Obs.]

     Unless you had more maw to do me good. Beau. & Fl.

   Fish maw. (Zo\'94l.) See under Fish.


   Maw, n. An old game at cards. Sir A. Weldon.


   Mawk  (?), n. [OE. mauk, ma, Icel. ma; akin to Dan. maddik, and E. mad
   an earthworm. See Mad, n.]

   1. A maggot. [Scot.]

   2. A slattern; a mawks. [Prov. Eng.]


   Maw"kin (?), n. See Malkin, and Maukin.


   Mawk"ing*ly (?), adv. Slatternly. [Obs.]


   Mawk"ish, a. [Orig., maggoty. See Mawk.]

   1. Apt to cause satiety or loathing; nauseous; disgusting.

     So sweetly mawkish', and so smoothly dull. Pope.

   2.  Easily  disgusted;  squeamish;  sentimentally  fastidious.  J.  H.


   Mawk"ish*ly, adv. In a mawkish way.


   Mawk"ish*ness, n. The quality or state of being mawkish. J. H. Newman.


   Mawks (?), n. A slattern; a mawk. [Prov. Eng.]


   Mawk"y (?), a. Maggoty. [Prov. Eng.]


   Maw"met (?), n. [Contr. fr. Mahomet.] A puppet; a doll; originally, an
   idol,  because  in  the Middle Ages it was generally believed that the
   Mohammedans  worshiped  images  representing  Mohammed. [Obs.] Wyclif.
   Beau. & Fl.


   Maw"met*ry  (?),  n.  The  religion  of  Mohammed; also, idolatry. See
   Mawmet. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Maw"mish  (?),  a.  [Prov.  E. maum soft, mellow, rotten; cf. OD. molm
   rotten wood, G. mulm.] Nauseous. [Obs.] L' Estrange.


   Maw"seed`  (?),  n.  [Cf.  G.  magsamen.] (Bot.) The seed of the opium


   Maw"worm`  (?),  n.  [Maw  the  belly  +  worm.]  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  Any
   intestinal  worm  found  in  the  stomach,  esp. the common round worm
   (Ascaris lumbricoides), and allied species. (b) One of the larv\'91 of
   botflies of horses; a bot.


   Max*il"la  (?),  n.;  pl.  Maxill\'91  (#).  [L.,  dim.  of  mala jaw,

   1.  (Anat.) (a) The bone of either the upper or the under jaw. (b) The
   bone,  or  principal bone, of the upper jaw, the bone of the lower jaw
   being the mandible. [Now commonly used in this restricted sense.]

   2. (Zo\'94l.) One of the lower or outer jaws of arthropods.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ere are usually two pairs in Crustacea and one pair
     in  insects.  In certain insects they are not used as jaws, but may
     form suctorial organs. See Illust. under Lepidoptera, and Diptera.

   Page 904

                              Maxillar, Maxillary

   Max"il*lar  (?),  Max"il*la*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  maxillaris, fr. maxilla
   jawbone, jaw: cf. F. maxillaire.]

   1.  (Anat.)  Pertaining  to either the upper or the lower jaw, but now
   usually  applied  to the upper jaw only. -- n. The principal maxillary
   bone; the maxilla.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to a maxilla.


   Max*il"li*form  (?), a. [Maxilla + -form: cf. F. maxilliforme.] Having
   the form, or structure, of a maxilla.


   Max*il"li*ped  (?), n. [Maxilla + L. pes, pedis, foot.] (Zo\'94l.) One
   of  the  mouth  appendages  of  Crustacea,  situated  next  behind the
   maxill\'91.  Crabs  have  three pairs, but many of the lower Crustacea
   have but one pair of them. Called also jawfoot, and foot jaw.


   Max*il`lo-man*dib"u*lar   (?),  a.  [Maxilla  +  mandibular.]  (Anat.)
   Pertaining  to  the  maxilla  and mandible; as, the maxillo-mandibular


   Max*il`lo-pal"a*tine  (?), a. [Maxilla + palatine.] (Anat.) Pertaining
   to   the  maxillary  and  palatine  regions  of  the  skull;  as,  the
   maxillo-palatine process of the maxilla. Also used as n.


   Max*il`lo*tur`bi*nal  (?), a. [Maxilla + turbinal.] (Anat.) Pertaining
   to  the  maxillary  and  turbinal  regions  of  the  skull.  -- n. The
   maxillo-turbinal, or inferior turbinate, bone.


   Max"im  (?),  n.  [F.  maxime, L. maxima (sc. sententia), the greatest
   sentence,  proposition,  or  axiom,  i.  e., of the greatest weight or
   authority,  fem.  fr.  maximus  greatest, superl. of magnus great. See
   Magnitude, and cf. Maximum.]

   1. An established principle or proposition; a condensed proposition of
   important  practical  truth; an axiom of practical wisdom; an adage; a
   proverb; an aphorism.

     'T is their maxim, Love is love's reward. Dryden.

   2.  (Mus.) The longest note formerly used, equal to two longs, or four
   breves;  a  large.  Syn. -- Axiom; aphorism; apothegm; adage; proverb;
   saying. See Axiom.


   Max`i*mil"ian  (?), n. [From the proper name.] A gold coin of Bavaria,
   of  the value of about 13s. 6d. sterling, or about three dollars and a


   Max`i*mi*za"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  or  process of increasing to the
   highest degree. Bentham.


   Max"i*mize  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  maximus  greatest.]  To increase to the
   highest degree. Bentham.


   Max"i*mum  (?),  n.;  pl.  Maxima  (#).  [L.,  neut.  from maximus the
   greatest.  See  Maxim.] The greatest quantity or value attainable in a
   given  case; or, the greatest value attained by a quantity which first
   increases and then begins to decrease; the highest point or degree; --
   opposed to minimum.

     Good  legislation  is the art of conducting a nation to the maximum
     of happiness, and the minimum of misery. P. Colquhoun.

   Maximum  thermometer,  a thermometer that registers the highest degree
   of temperature attained in a given time, or since its last adjustment.


   Max"i*mum,  a. Greatest in quantity or highest in degree attainable or
   attained; as, a maximum consumption of fuel; maximum pressure; maximum


   May  (?),  v.  [imp.  Might  (?)]  [AS.  pres. m\'91g I am able, pret.
   meahte, mihte; akin to D. mogen, G. m\'94gen, OHG. mugan, magan, Icel.
   mega,  Goth. magan, Russ. moche. Dismay, Main strength, Might. The old
   imp.  mought  is  obsolete, except as a provincial word.] An auxiliary
   verb  qualifyng  the  meaning  of  another  verb,  by  expressing: (a)
   Ability, competency, or possibility; -- now oftener expressed by can.

     How  may  a  man,  said  he,  with idle speech, Be won to spoil the
     castle of his health ! Spenser.

     For  what  he  [the king] may do is of two kinds; what he may do as
     just, and what he may do as possible. Bacon.

     For  of  all  sad words of tongue or pen The saddest are these: "It
     might have been." Whittier.

   (b) Liberty; permission; allowance.

     Thou mayst be no longer steward. Luke xvi. 2.

   (c) Contingency or liability; possibility or probability.

     Though  what  he  learns  he  speaks,  and may advance Some general
     maxims, or be right by chance. Pope.

   (d) Modesty, courtesy, or concession, or a desire to soften a question
   or remark.

     How old may Phillis be, you ask. Prior.

   (e)  Desire  or  wish, as in prayer, imprecation, benediction, and the
   like.  "May you live happily." Dryden. May be, AND It may be, are used
   as  equivalent  to possibly, perhaps, by chance, peradventure. See 1st
   May,  n.  [Cf.  Icel. m\'91r, Goth. mawi; akin to E. maiden. A maiden.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.
   May, n. [F. Mai, L. Maius; so named in honor of the goddess Maia (Gr.
   1. The fifth month of the year, containing thirty-one days. Chaucer.
   2. The early part or springtime of life.
     His May of youth, and bloom of lustihood. Shak.
   3. (Bot.) The flowers of the hawthorn; -- so called from their time of
   blossoming; also, the hawthorn.
     The palm and may make country houses gay. Nash.
     Plumes that micked the may. Tennyson.

   4. The merrymaking of May Day. Tennyson.
   Italian  may (Bot.), a shrubby species of Spir\'91a (S. hypericifolia)
   with  many clusters of small white flowers along the slender branches.
   --  May  apple  (Bot.),  the  fruit  of an American plant (Podophyllum
   peltatum).  Also,  the plant itself (popularly called mandrake), which
   has  two  lobed  leaves,  and  bears  a single egg-shaped fruit at the
   forking.  The  root  and  leaves,  used  in  medicine,  are powerfully
   drastic.  --  May  beetle,  May  bug  (Zo\'94l.),  any one of numerous
   species  of  large lamellicorn beetles that appear in the winged state
   in May. They belong to Melolontha, and allied genera. Called also June
   beetle.  -- May Day, the first day of May; -- celebrated in the rustic
   parts of England by the crowning of a May queen with a garland, and by
   dancing about a May pole. -- May dew, the morning dew of the first day
   of  May,  to  which  magical properties were attributed. -- May flower
   (Bot.), a plant that flowers in May; also, its blossom. See Mayflower,
   in the vocabulary. -- May fly (Zo\'94l.), any species of Ephemera, and
   allied  genera;  -- so called because the mature flies of many species
   appear  in  May.  See Ephemeral fly, under Ephemeral. -- May game, any
   May-day  sport.  --  May  lady,  the  queen or lady of May, in old May
   games.  --  May  lily  (Bot.),  the  lily  of  the valley (Convallaria
   majalis).  -- May pole. See Maypole in the Vocabulary. -- May queen, a
   girl  or  young  woman  crowned queen in the sports of May Day. -- May
   thorn, the hawthorn.


   Ma"ya  (?),  n.  (Hindoo  Philos.)  The  name  for the doctrine of the
   unreality of matter, called, in English, idealism; hence, nothingness;
   vanity; illusion.


   May"be (?), adv. [For it may be.] Perhaps; possibly; peradventure.

     Maybe the amorous count solicits her. Shak.

     In a liberal and, maybe, somewhat reckless way. Tylor.


   May"be, a. Possible; probable, but not sure. [R.]

     Then add those maybe years thou hast to live. Driden.


   May"be, n. Possibility; uncertainty. [R.]

     What they offer is mere maybe and shift. Creech.


   May"bird`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The whimbrel; -- called also May
   fowl,  May  curlew,  and May whaap. (b) The knot. [Southern U. S.] (c)
   The bobolink.


   May"bloom` (?), n. (Bot.) The hawthorn.


   May"bush` (?), n. (Bot.) The hawthorn.


   May"duke`  (?),  n. [Corrupt. of M\'82doc, a province in France, where
   it  is  supposed  to  have  originated.]  A  large  dark-red cherry of
   excellent quality.


   May"fish`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  common  American  minnow (Fundulus
   majalis). See Minnow.


   May"flow`er  (?),  n. (Bot.) In England, the hawthorn; in New England,
   the trailing arbutus (see Arbutus); also, the blossom of these plants.


   May"hap (?), adv. Perhaps; peradventure. [Prov. or Dialectic]


   May"hem  (?),  n. [The same as maim. See Maim.] (Law) The maiming of a
   person  by  depriving  him  of the use of any of his members which are
   necessary for defense or protection. See Maim.


   May"ing  (?),  n.  The  celebrating  of  May  Day.  "He  met  her once
   a-Maying." Milton.


   Ma`yon`naise"  (?),  n.  [F.]  A sauce compounded of raw yolks of eggs
   beaten  up  with olive oil to the consistency of a sirup, and seasoned
   with  vinegar,  pepper,  salt, etc.; -- used in dressing salads, fish,
   etc. Also, a dish dressed with this sauce.


   May"or  (?),  n.  [OE.  maire, F. maire, fr. L. major greater, higher,
   nobler,  compar.  of  magnus  great; cf. Sp. mayor. See Major, and cf.
   Merino.]  The chief magistrate of a city or borough; the chief officer
   of  a  municipal  corporation. In some American cities there is a city
   court of which the major is chief judge.


   May"or*al (?), n. [Sp., fr. mayor greater, L. major.] The conductir of
   a mule team; also, a head shepherd.


   May"or*al*ty (?), n. The office, or the term of office, of a mayor.


   May"or*ess (?), n. The wife of a mayor.


   May"or*ship, n. The office of a mayor.


   May"pole`  (?),  n.  A tall pole erected in an open place and wreathed
   with flowers, about which the rustic May-day sports were had.


   May"pop (?), n. [Perh. corrupt. fr. maracock.] (Bot.) The edible fruit
   of  a passion flower, especially that of the North American Passiflora
   incarnata, an oval yellowish berry as large as a small apple.


   May"weed`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  (a)  A composite plant (Anthemis Cotula),
   having  a  strong  odor;  dog's  fennel. It is a native of Europe, now
   common by the roadsides in the United States. (b) The feverfew.

                                Mazama, Mazame

   Ma*za"ma   (?),  Ma*za"me  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  goatlike  antelope
   (Haplocerus  montanus) which inhabits the Rocky Mountains, frequenting
   the highest parts; -- called also mountain goat.


   Maz"ard  (?), n. [Cf. F. merise a wild cherry.] (Bot.) A kind of small
   black cherry.


   Maz"ard,  n.  [Prob.  fr.  mazer,  the  head being compared to a large
   goblet.] The jaw; the head or skull. [Obs.] Shak.


   Maz"ard, v. t., To knock on the head. [Obs.]


   Maz`a*rine"  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  Cardinal Mazarin, prime
   minister  of  France,  1643-1661. Mazarine Bible, the first Bible, and
   perhaps  the first complete book, printed with movable metal types; --
   printed  by  Gutenberg  at Mentz, 1450-55; -- so called because a copy
   was  found  in the Mazarine Library, at Paris, about 1760. -- Mazarine
   blue, a deep blue color, named in honor of Cardinal Mazarin.


   Maz`a*rine", n. Mazarine blue.


   Maz"de*an  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to Ahura-Mazda, or Ormuzd, the
   beneficent   deity   in   the  Zoroastrian  dualistic  system;  hence,


   Maz"de*ism (?), n. The Zoroastrian religion.


   Maze  (?),  n.  [OE.  mase;  cf. OE. masen to confuse, puzzle, Norweg.
   masast  to  fall  into  a slumber, masa to be continually busy, prate,
   chatter,  Icel. masa to chatter, dial. Sw. masa to bask, be slow, work
   slowly and lazily, mas slow, lazy.]

   1. A wild fancy; a confused notion. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2.   Confusion   of   thought;   perplexity;   uncertainty;  state  of

   3.  A  confusing  and  baffling  network,  as of paths or passages; an
   intricacy; a labyrinth. "Quaint mazes on the wanton green." Shak.

     Or down the tempting maze of Shawford brook. Wordaworth.

     The  ways of Heaven are dark and intricate, Puzzled with mazes, and
     perplexed with error. Addison.

   Syn. -- Labyrinth; intricacy. See Labyrinth.


   Maze  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mazed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Mazing.] To
   perplex  greatly;  to  bewilder;  to  astonish  and confuse; to amaze.


   Maze, v. i. To be bewildered. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Maz"ed*ness   (?),   n.  The  condition  of  being  mazed;  confusion;
   astonishment. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Maze"ful (?), a. Mazy. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.


   Maz"er (?), n. [OE. maser, akin to OD. maser an excrescence on a maple
   tree,  OHG.  masar,  G.  maser  spot,  Icel. m\'94surr maple.] A large
   drinking bowl; -- originally made of maple. [Obs.]

     Their brimful mazers to the feasting bring. Drayton.


   Ma"zi*ly (?), adv. In a mazy manner.


   Ma"zi*ness, n. The state or quality of being mazy.


   Maz`o*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to mazology.


   Ma*zol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in mazology or mastology.


   Ma*zol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. -logy.] Same as Mastology.

                               Mazourka, Mazurka

   Ma*zour"ka  (?),  Ma*zur"ka (?), n. A Polish dance, or the music which
   accompanies it, usually in 3-4 or 3-8 measure, with a strong accent on
   the second beat.


   Ma"zy (?), a. [From Maze.] Perplexed with turns and windings; winding;
   intricate;   confusing;  perplexing;  embarrassing;  as,  mazy  error.

     To range amid the mazy thicket. Spenser.

     To run the ring, and trace the mazy round. Dryden.


   Me (?), pron. One. See Men, pron. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Me  (?),  pers. pron. [AS. m, dat. & acc., mec, acc. only ; akin to D.
   mij,  G. mich, Icel. & Goth. mik, L. me, Gr. m\'be, m\'bem. Mine.] The
   person speaking, regarded as an object; myself; a pronoun of the first
   person  used as the objective and dative case of the pronoum I; as, he
   struck me; he gave me the money, or he gave the money to me; he got me
   a hat, or he got a hat for me.

     NOTE: &hand; In  me thinks, me  is properly in the dative case, and
     the  verb  is impersonal, the construction being, it appears to me.
     In  early  use  me  was often placed before forms of the verb to be
     with an adjective; as, me were lief.

     Me  rather  had my heart might frrl your love Than my unpleased eye
     see your courtesy. Shak.


   Meach (?), v. i. To skulk; to cower. See Mich.


   Mea"cock  (?), n. [Prob. fr. meek + cock.] An uxorious, effeminate, or
   spiritless man. [Obs.] Johnson.


   Mead (?), n. [OE. mede, AS. meodo; akin to D. mede, G. met, meth, OHG.
   metu, mitu, Icel. mj\'94, Dan. mi\'94d, Sw. mj\'94d, Russ. med', Lith.
   midus,  W.  medd,  Gr.  madhu  honey,  a  sweet drink, as adj., sweet.

   1.  A  fermented drink made of water and honey with malt, yeast, etc.;
   metheglin; hydromel. Chaucer.

   2.  A  drink  composed  of  sirup  of  sarsaparilla or other flavoring
   extract,  and  water.  It is sometimes charged with carbonic acid gas.
   [U. S.]


   Mead, n. [AS. m. See Meadow.] A meadow.

     A mede All full of freshe flowers, white and reede. Chaucer.

     To fertile vales and dewy meads My weary, wandering steps he leads.


   Mead"ow  (?), n. [AS. meady; akin to m, and to G. matte; prob. also to
   E. mow. See Mow to cut (grass), and cf. 2d Mead.]

   1. A tract of low or level land producing grass which is mown for hay;
   any field on which grass is grown for hay.

   2.  Low  land covered with coarse grass or rank herbage near rives and
   in marshy places by the sea; as, the salt meadows near Newark Bay.


   Mead"ow,  a.  Of or pertaining to a meadow; of the nature of a meadow;
   produced,  growing,  or  living  in,  a  meadow.  "Fat meadow ground."

     NOTE: &hand; Fo r ma ny names of plants compounded with meadow, see
     the particular word in the Vocabulary.

   Meadow  beauty.  (Bot.) Same as Deergrass. -- Meadow foxtail (Bot.), a
   valuable  pasture grass (Alopecurus pratensis) resembling timothy, but
   with  softer  spikes.  -- Meadow grass (Bot.), a name given to several
   grasses  of  the  genus Poa, common in meadows, and of great value for
   nay and for pasture. See Grass. -- Meadow hay, a coarse grass, or true
   sedge,  growing  in  uncultivated  swamp  or  river meadow; -- used as
   fodder  or bedding for cattle, packing for ice, etc. [Local, U. S.] --
   Meadow hen. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The American bittern. See Stake-driver. (b)
   The  American  coot  (Fulica).  (c)  The  clapper rail. -- Meadow lark
   (Zo\'94l.), any species of Sturnella, a genus of American birds allied
   to  the  starlings.  The common species (S. magna) has a yellow breast
   with  a  black  crescent. -- Meadow mouse (Zo\'94l.), any mouse of the
   genus  Arvicola,  as the common American species A. riparia; -- called
   also  field  mouse,  and  field  vole. -- Meadow mussel (Zo\'94l.), an
   American  ribbed  mussel  (Modiola  plicatula),  very abundant in salt
   marshes.  --  Meadow ore (Min.), bog-iron ore , a kind of limonite. --
   Meadow  parsnip.  (Bot.) See under Parsnip. -- Meadow pink. (Bot.) See
   under  Pink.  --  Meadow pipit (Zo\'94l.), a small singing bird of the
   genus  Anthus,  as  A.  pratensis,  of Europe. -- Meadow rue (Bot.), a
   delicate  early plant, of the genus Thalictrum, having compound leaves
   and numerous white flowers. There are many species. -- Meadow saffron.
   (Bot.)  See  under  Saffron. -- Meadow sage. (Bot.) See under Sage. --
   Meadow  saxifrage  (Bot.),  an  umbelliferous  plant of Europe (Silaus
   pratensis),  somewhat  resembling  fennel. -- Meadow snipe (Zo\'94l.),
   the common or jack snipe.

   Page 905

                            Meadowsweet, Meadowwort

   Mead"ow*sweet`  (?),  Mead"ow*wort` (?), n. (Bot.) The name of several
   plants  of the genus Spir\'91a, especially the white- or pink-flowered
   S.  salicifolia, a low European and American shrub, and the herbaceous
   S. Ulmaria, which has fragrant white flowers in compound cymes.


   Mead"ow*y  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  meadows;  resembling,  or
   consisting of, meadow.

                                Meager, Meagre

   Mea"ger, Mea"gre (?), a. [OE. merge, F. maigre, L. macer; akin to D. &
   G. mager, Icel. magr, and prob. to Gr. Emaciate, Maigre.]

   1. Destitue of, or having little, flesh; lean.

     Meager  were  his  looks;  Sharp  misery had worn him to the bones.

   2.  Destitute of richness, fertility, strength, or the like; defective
   in  quantity,  or  poor  in  quality;  poor;  barren; scanty in ideas;
   wanting  strength  of  diction or affluence of imagery. "Meager soil."

     Of secular habits and meager religious belief. I. Taylor.

     His education had been but meager. Motley.

   3.  (Min.)  Dry  and harsh to the touch, as chalk. Syn. -- Thin; lean;
   lank; gaunt; starved; hungry; poor; emaciated; scanty; barren.

                                Meager, Meagre

   Mea"ger, Mea"gre, v. t. To make lean. [Obs.]

                              Meagerly, Meagrely

   Mea"ger*ly, Mea"gre*ly, adv. Poorly; thinly.

                            Meagerness, Meagreness

   Mea"ger*ness,  Mea"gre*ness,  n. The state or quality of being meager;
   leanness; scantiness; barrenness.


   Mea"gre  (?),  n. [F. maigre.] (Zo\'94l.) A large European sci\'91noid
   fish  (Sci\'91na umbra or S. aquila), having white bloodless flesh. It
   is valued as a food fish. [Written also maigre.]


   Meak  (?),  n.  [Cf. AS. m sword, OS. m\'beki, Icel. m\'91kir.] A hook
   with a long handle. [Obs.] Tusser.


   Meak"ing,  n. [See Meak.] (Naut.) The process of picking out the oakum
   from  the  seams  of  a  vessel  which is to be recalked. Meaking iron
   (Naut.),  the  tool  with  which old oakum is picked out of a vessel's


   Meal  (?), n. [OE. mele, AS. m part, portion, portion of time; akin to
   E.  meal  a  repast.  Cf.  Piecemeal.]  A part; a fragment; a portion.


   Meal,  n. [OE. mel; akin to E. meal a part, and to D. maal time, meal,
   G.  mal  time,  mahl  meal,  Icel. m\'bel measure, time, meal, Goth. m
   time,  and to E. measure. See Measure.] The portion of food taken at a
   particular time for the satisfaction of appetite; the quantity usually
   taken at one time with the purpose of satisfying hunger; a repast; the
   acas,  the  traveler  has  not eaten a good meal for a week; there was
   silence during the meal.

     What strange fish Hath made his meal on thee ? Shak.


   Meal,  n.  [OE.  mele,  AS. melu, melo; akin to D. meel, G. mehl, OHG.
   melo,  Icel.  mj\'94l,  SW.  mj\'94l,  Dan.  meel, also to D. malen to
   grind,  G.  mahlen,  OHG., OS., & Goth. malan, Icel. mala, W. malu, L.
   molere, Gr. mill. Mill, Mold soil, Mole an animal, Immolate, Molar.]

   1.  Grain  (esp.  maize,  rye,  or  oats)  that is coarsely ground and
   unbolted;  also,  a  kind  of  flour  made  from  beans,  pease, etc.;
   sometimes, any flour, esp. if coarse.

   2.  Any  substance  that  is  coarsely  pulverized  like meal, but not
   Meal  beetle  (Zo\'94l.),  the  adult of the meal worm. See Meal worm,
   below.  --  Meal  moth  (Zo\'94l.),  a  lepidopterous  insect  (Asopia
   farinalis),  the larv\'91 of which feed upon meal, flour, etc. -- Meal
   worm  (Zo\'94l.),  the  larva  of  a  beetle  (Tenebrio molitor) which
   infests  granaries,  bakehouses,  etc., and is very injurious to flour
   and meal.


   Meal, v. t.

   1. To sprinkle with, or as with, meal. Shak.

   2. To pulverize; as, mealed powder.


   Meal"ies (?), n. pl. [From Mealy.] (Bot.) Maize or Indian corn; -- the
   common name in South Africa.


   Meal"i*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being mealy.


   Meal"-mouthed` (?), a. See Mealy-mouthed.


   Meal"time` (?), n. The usual time of eating a meal.


   Meal"y (?), a. [Compar. Mealier (?); superl. Mealiest.]

   1.  Having  the  qualities  of  meal;  resembling meal; soft, dry, and
   friable;  easily  reduced  to a condition resembling meal; as, a mealy

   2.  Overspread with something that resembles meal; as, the mealy wings
   of an insect. Shak.
   Mealy  bug  (Zo\'94l.),  a  scale insect (Coccus adonidum, and related
   species),  covered  with  a white powderlike substance. It is a common
   pest in hothouses.


   Meal"y-mouthed`  (?),  a.  Using  soft words; plausible; affectedly or
   timidly  delicate  of  speech;  unwilling  to  tell the truth in plain
   language. "Mealy-mouthed philanthropies." Tennyson.

     She  was  a  fool to be mealy-mouthed where nature speaks so plain.

   -- Meal"y-mouth`ness (#), n.


   Mean  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Meant (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Meaning.]
   [OE. menen, AS. m&aemac;nan to recite, tell, intend, wish; akin to OS.
   m&emac;nian  to have in mind, mean, D. meenen, G. meinen, OHG. meinan,
   Icel. meina, Sw. mena, Dan. mene, and to E. mind. Mind, and cf. Moan.]

   1.  To  have in the mind, as a purpose, intention, etc.; to intend; to
   purpose; to design; as, what do you mean to do ?

     What mean ye by this service ? Ex. xii. 26.

     Ye thought evil against me; but God meant it unto good. Gen. 1. 20.

     I  am  not  a  Spaniard To say that it is yours and not to mean it.

   2. To signify; to indicate; to import; to denote.

     What mean these seven ewe lambs ? Gen. xxi. 29.

     Go ye, and learn what that me. Matt. ix. 13.


   Mean,  v.  i.  To  have  a  purpose or intention. [Rare, except in the
   phrase to mean well, or ill.] Shak.


   Mean  (?),  a. [Compar. Meaner (?); superl. Meanest.] [OE. mene, AS. m
   wicked;  akin to m\'ben, a., wicked, n., wickedness, OS. m wickedness,
   OHG. mein, G. meineid perjury, Icel. mein harm, hurt, and perh. to AS.
   gem  common,  general,  D. gemeen, G. gemein, Goth. gam\'a0ins, and L.
   communis. The AS. gem prob. influenced the meaning.]

   1.  Destitute of distinction or eminence; common; low; vulgar; humble.
   "Of mean parentage." Sir P. Sidney.

     The  mean  man boweth down, and the great man humbleth himself. Is.
     ii. 9.

   2.  Wanting  dignity  of  mind;  low-minded; base; destitute of honor;
   spiritless; as, a mean motive.

     Can  you imagine I so mean could prove, To save my life by changing
     of my love ? Dryden.

   3.  Of  little  value  or  account;  worthy  of  little  or no regard;
   contemptible; despicable.

     The  Roman  legions  and  great  C\'91sar found Our fathers no mean
     foes. J. Philips.

   4. Of poor quality; as, mean fare.

   5. Penurious; stingy; close-fisted; illiberal; as, mean hospitality.

     NOTE: &hand; Me an is sometimes used in the formation of compounds,
     the  sense  of  which is obvious without explanation; as, meanborn,
     mean-looking, etc.

   Syn.   --   Base;   ignoble;  abject;  beggarly;  wretched;  degraded;
   degenerate;  vulgar;  vile;  servile;  menial;  spiritless; groveling;
   slavish;     dishonorable;    disgraceful;    shameful;    despicable;
   contemptible; paltry; sordid. See Base.


   Mean,  a.  [OE. mene, OF. meiien, F. moyen, fr. L. medianus that is in
   the middle, fr. medius; akin to E. mid. See Mid.]

   1.  Occupying  a  middle  position; middle; being about midway between

     Being of middle age and a mean stature. Sir. P. Sidney.

   2. Intermediate in excellence of any kind.

     According to the fittest style of lofty, mean, or lowly. Milton.

   3. (Math.) Average; having an intermediate value between two extremes,
   or between the several successive values of a variable quantity during
   one  cycle  of  variation;  as, mean distance; mean motion; mean solar
   Mean distance (of a planet from the sun) (Astron.), the average of the
   distances  throughout  one revolution of the planet, equivalent to the
   semi-major axis of the orbit. -- Mean error (Math. Phys.), the average
   error  of  a  number of observations found by taking the mean value of
   the   positive   and  negative  errors  without  regard  to  sign.  --
   Mean-square  error,  OR  Error  of  the mean square (Math. Phys.), the
   error  the  square  of  which  is  the  mean of the squares of all the
   errors; -- called also, especially by European writers, mean error. --
   Mean  line.  (Crystallog.)  Same  as  Bisectrix. -- Mean noon, noon as
   determined  by  mean  time. -- Mean proportional (between two numbers)
   (Math.),  the  square root of their product. -- Mean sun, a fictitious
   sun  supposed  to  move  uniformly  in  the equator so as to be on the
   meridian  each  day at mean noon. -- Mean time, time as measured by an
   equable  motion,  as  of  a  perfect  clock,  or  as  reckoned  on the
   supposition  that  all  the  days of the year are of a mean or uniform
   length,  in  contradistinction  from  apparent  time, or that actually
   indicated  by the sun, and from sidereal time, or that measured by the
   Mean, n.
   1. That which is mean, or intermediate, between two extremes of place,
   time,  or  number;  the  middle point or place; middle rate or degree;
   mediocrity;   medium;  absence  of  extremes  or  excess;  moderation;
     But to speak in a mean, the virtue of prosperity is temperance; the
     virtue of adversity is fortitude. Bacon.
     There is a mean in all things. Dryden.

     The  extremes  we  have mentioned, between which the wellinstracted
     Christian holds the mean, are correlatives. I. Taylor.

   2.  (Math.)  A  quantity  having an intermediate value between several
   others,  from  which  it  is  derived,  and  of which it expresses the
   resultant value; usually, unless otherwise specified, it is the simple
   average,  formed  by  adding  the  quantities together and dividing by
   their number, which is called an arithmetical mean. A geometrical mean
   is the square root of the product of the quantities.

   3.  That  through  which, or by the help of which, an end is attained;
   something  tending  to  an  object  desired;  intermediate  agency  or
   measure; necessary condition or coagent; instrument.

     Their  virtuous  conversation  was a mean to work the conversion of
     the heathen to Christ. Hooker.

     You  may  be  able,  by  this  mean,  to review your own scientific
     acquirements. Coleridge.

     Philosophical doubt is not an end, but a mean. Sir W. Hamilton.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th is se nse th e wo rd is usually employed in the
     plural   form  means,  and  often  with  a  singular  attribute  or
     predicate, as if a singular noun.

     By this means he had them more at vantage. Bacon.

     What other means is left unto us. Shak.

   4. pl. Hence: Resources; property, revenue, or the like, considered as
   the condition of easy livelihood, or an instrumentality at command for
   effecting any purpose; disposable force or substance.

     Your means are very slender, and your waste is great. Shak.

   5.  (Mus.)  A  part,  whether  alto or tenor, intermediate between the
   soprano and base; a middle part. [Obs.]

     The mean is drowned with your unruly base. Shak.

   6. Meantime; meanwhile. [Obs.] Spenser.

   7. A mediator; a go-between. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

     He wooeth her by means and by brokage. Chaucer.

   By all means, certainly; without fail; as, go, by all means. -- By any
   means, in any way; possibly; at all.

     If  by  any  means  I might attain to the resurrection of the dead.
     Phil. iii. ll.

   --  By  no means, OR By no manner of means, not at all; certainly not;
   not in any degree.

     The wine on this side of the lake is by no means so good as that on
     the other. Addison.


   Me*an"der  (?), n. [L. Maeander, orig., a river in Phrygia, proverbial
   for its many windings, Gr. m\'82andre.]

   1.  A  winding,  crooked,  or involved course; as, the meanders of the
   veins and arteries. Sir M. Hale.

     While lingering rivers in meanders glide. Sir R. Blackmore.

   2. A tortuous or intricate movement.

   3. (Arch.) Fretwork. See Fret.


   Me*an"der, v. t. To wind, turn, or twist; to make flexuous. Dryton.


   Me*an"der,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Meandered  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Meandering.] To wind or turn in a course or passage; to be intricate.

     Five  miles meandering with a mazy motion Through wood and dale the
     sacred river ran. Coleridge.


   Me*an"dri*an  (?),  a.  [L. Maeandrius: cf. F. m\'82andrien.] Winding;
   having many turns.


   Me`an*dri"na (?), n. [NL.: cf. F. m\'82andrine.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of
   corals with meandering grooves and ridges, including the brain corals.

                              Meandrous, Meandry

   Me*an"drous (?), Me*an"dry (?), a. Winding; flexuous.


   Mean"ing (?), n.

   1.  That which is meant or intended; intent; purpose; aim; object; as,
   a mischievous meaning was apparent.

     If there be any good meaning towards you. Shak.

   2.  That  which  is signified, whether by act lanquage; signification;
   sence; import; as, the meaning of a hint.

   3. Sense; power of thinking. [R.] -- Mean"ing*less, a. -- Mean"ing*ly,


   Mean"ly, adv. [Mean middle.] Moderately. [Obs.]

     A  man  meanly  learned  himself, but not meanly affectioned to set
     forward learning in others. Ascham.


   Mean"ly,  adv.  [From Mean low.] In a mean manner; unworthily; basely;
   poorly; ungenerously.

     While  the  heaven-born  child  All meanly wrapt in the rude manger
     lies. Milton.

     Would you meanly thus rely On power you know I must obey ? Prior.

     We  can not bear to have others think meanly of them [our kindred].
     I. Watts.


   Mean"ness, n.

   1.  The  condition,  or  quality,  of  being mean; want of excellence;
   poorness; lowness; baseness; sordidness; stinginess.

     This figure is of a later date, by the meanness of the workmanship.

   2. A mean act; as, to be guilty of meanness. Goldsmith.


   Mean"-spir`it*ed  (?),  a.  Of  a  mean  spirit;  base;  groveling. --
   Mean"-spir`it*ed*ness, n.


   Meant (?), imp. & p. p. of Mean.

                              Meantime, Meanwhile

   Mean"time`  (?),  Mean"while` (?), n. The intervening time; as, in the
   meantime (or mean time).

                              Meantime, Meanwhile

   Mean"time`,  Mean"while`,  adv.  In  the  intervening time; during the


   Mear (?), n. A boundary. See Mere. [Obs.]


   Mease  (?),  n.  [Cf.  G.  mass measure.] Five hundred; as, a mease of
   herrings. [Prov. Eng.]


   Mea"sel*ry  (?),  n.  [OE.  meselrie, OF. mesellerie. See lst Measle.]
   Leprosy. [Obs.] R. of Brunne.


   Mea"sle  (?),  n.  [OE.  mesel,  OF.  mesel, LL. misellus, L. misellus
   unfortunate,  dim. of miser. See Miser.] A leper. [Obs.] [Written also
   meazel, and mesel.] Wyclif (Matt. x. 8. ).


   Mea"sle, n. (Zo\'94l.) A tapeworm larva. See 2d Measles, 4.


   Mea"sled  (?),  a. [See 2d Measles.] Infected or spotted with measles,
   as pork. -- Mea"sled*ness, n.


   Mea"sles (?), n. [From lst Measle.] Leprosy; also, a leper. [Obs.]


   Mea"sles,  n.;  pl. in form, but used as singular in senses 1, 2, & 3.
   [D.  mazelen; akin to G. masern, pl., and E. mazer, and orig. meaning,
   little spots. See Mazer.]

   1.  (Med.)  A  contagious  febrile  disorder commencing with catarrhal
   symptoms, and marked by the appearance on the third day of an eruption
   of  distinct  red circular spots, which coalesce in a crescentic form,
   are slightly raised above the surface, and after the fourth day of the
   eruption gradually decline; rubeola.

     Measles commences with the ordinary symptoms of fever. Am. Cyc.

   Page 906

   2.  (Veter.  Med.) A disease of cattle and swine in which the flesh is
   filled with the embryos of different varieties of the tapeworm.

   3. A disease of trees. [Obs.]

   4.  pl.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  larv\'91  of  any tapeworm (T\'91nia) in the
   cysticerus stage, when contained in meat. Called also bladder worms.


   Mea"sly (?), a.

   1. Infected with measles.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) Containing larval tapeworms; -- said of pork and beef.


   Meas"ur*a*ble (?), a. [F. mesurable, L. mensurabilis. See Measure, and
   cf. Mensurable.]

   1.   Capable   of   being  measured;  susceptible  of  mensuration  or

   2. Moderate; temperate; not excessive.

     Of his diet measurable was he. Chaucer.

   -- Meas"ur*a*ble*ness, n. -- Meas"ur*a*bly, adv.

     Yet do it measurably, as it becometh Christians. Latimer.


   Meas"ure  (?),  n.  [OE.  mesure,  F.  mesure, L. mensura, fr. metiri,
   mensus,  to  measure;  akin to metrum poetical measure, Gr. meter. Cf.
   Immense, Mensuration, Mete to measure.]

   1.  A  standard  of  dimension; a fixed unit of quantity or extent; an
   extent  or quantity in the fractions or multiples of which anything is
   estimated  and  stated; hence, a rule by which anything is adjusted or

   2.  An instrument by means of which size or quantity is measured, as a
   graduated line, rod, vessel, or the like.

     False  ells  and  measures  be  brought  all  clean  adown.  R.  of

   3.  The dimensions or capacity of anything, reckoned according to some
   standard; size or extent, determined and stated; estimated extent; as,
   to take one's measure for a coat.

     The  measure thereof is longer than the earth, and broader than the
     sea. Job xi. 9.

   4.  The contents of a vessel by which quantity is measured; a quantity
   determined by a standard; a stated or limited quantity or amount.

     It  is  like leaven which a woman took and hid in three measures of
     meal. Luke xiii. 21.

   5.  Extent  or  degree not excessive or beyong bounds; moderation; due
   restraint;  esp.  in the phrases, in measure; with measure; without or
   beyond measure.

     Hell  hath  enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure.
     Is. v. 14.

   6. Determined extent, not to be exceeded; limit; allotted share, as of
   action, influence, ability, or the like; due proportion.

     Lord,  make  me  to  know mine end, and the measure of my days. Ps.
     xxxix. 4.

   7.  The  quantity  determined  by  measuring, especially in buying and
   selling; as, to give good or full measure.

   8. Undefined quantity; extent; degree.

     There  is  a  great  measure  of  discretion  to  be  used  in  the
     performance of confession. Jer. Taylor.

   9.  Regulated division of movement: (a) (Dancing) A regulated movement
   corresponding   to  the  time  in  which  the  accompanying  music  is
   performed;  but, especially, a slow and stately dane, like the minuet.
   (b)  (Mus.)  (1) The group or grouping of beats, caused by the regular
   recurrence  of  accented  beats.  (2)  The space between two bars. See
   Beat,  Triple, Quadruple, Sextuple, Compound time, under Compound, a.,
   and  Figure.  (c)  (Poetry)  The  manner of ordering and combining the
   quantities, or long and short syllables; meter; rhythm; hence, a foot;
   as, a poem in iambic measure.

   10. (Arith.) A number which is contained in a given number a number of
   times  without a remainder; as in the phrases, the common measure, the
   greatest common measure, etc., of two or more numbers.

   11. A step or definite part of a progressive course or policy; a means
   to  an  end;  an act designed for the accomplishment of an object; as,
   political measures; prudent measures; an inefficient measure.

     His  majesty  found  what  wrong  measures  he  had  taken  in  the
     conferring that trust, and lamented his error. Clarendon.

   12. The act of measuring; measurement. Shak.

   13. pl. (Geol.) Beds or strata; as, coal measures; lead measures.
   Lineal,  OR  Long, measure, measure of length; the measure of lines or
   distances.  --  Liquid  measure,  the  measure  of  liquids. -- Square
   measure,  the measure of superficial area of surfaces in square units,
   as  inches,  feet,  miles, etc. -- To have hard measure, to have harsh
   treatment  meted out to one; to be harshly or oppressively dealt with.
   --  To  take  measures,  to make preparations; to provide means. -- To
   take  one's  measure, to measure one, as for a garment; hence, to form
   an  opinion of one's disposition, character, ability, etc. -- To tread
   a measure, to dance in the style so called. See 9 (a).

     Say to her, we have measured many miles To tread a measure with her
     on this grass. Shak.


   Meas"ure,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Measured  (?);  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Measuring.] [F. mesurer, L. mensurare. See Measure, n.]

   1.  To  ascertain  by  use  of  a  measuring instrument; to compute or
   ascertain  the  extent,  quantity,  dimensions,  or  capacity of, by a
   certain  rule  or  standard;  to  take  the  dimensions  of; hence, to
   estimate; to judge of; to value; to appraise.

     Great  are thy works, Jehovah, infinite Thy power! what thought can
     measure thee? Milton.

   2. To serve as the measure of; as, the thermometer measures changes of

   3.  To  pass  throught  or  over  in  journeying, as if laying off and
   determining the distance.

     A  true  devoted  pilgrim is not weary To measure kingdoms with his
     feeble steps. Shak.

   4. To adjust by a rule or standard.

     To  secure  a  contented  spirit,  measure  your  desires  by  your
     fortunes, not your fortunes by your desires. Jer. Taylor.

   5.  To allot or distribute by measure; to set off or apart by measure;
   -- often with out or off.

     With what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again. Matt.
     vii. 2.

     That  portion of eternity which is called time, measured out by the
     sun. Addison.

   To  measure  swords with one, to try another's skill in the use of the
   sword;  hence,  figuratively,  to  match  one's  abilities  against an


   Meas"ure (?), v. i.

   1. To make a measurement or measurements.

   2.  To result, or turn out, on measuring; as, the grain measures well;
   the pieces measure unequally.

   3.  To  be of a certain size or quantity, or to have a certain length,
   breadth,  or  thickness, or a certain capacity according to a standard
   measure;  as,  cloth measures three fourths of a yard; a tree measures
   three feet in diameter.


   Meas"ured (?), a. Regulated or determined by a standard; hence, equal;
   uniform;  graduated;  limited;  moderated; as, he walked with measured
   steps;  he  expressed  himself  in no measured terms. -- Meas"ured*ly,


   Meas"ure*less  (?),  a.  Without  measure; unlimited; immeasurable. --
   Meas"ure*less*ness,   n.   Syn.   --  Boundless;  limitless;  endless;
   unbounded; unlimited; vast; immense; infinite; immeasurable. <--

     Where  Alf,  the  sacred  river ran, Through canyons measureless to
     man, Down to a hidden sea. Coleridge -->


     Meas"ure*ment (?), n.

     1.  The act or result of measuring; mensuration; as, measurement is

     2.  The  extent, size, capacity, amount. or quantity ascertained by
     measuring; as, its measurement is five acres.


     Meas"ur*er  (?),  n. One who measures; one whose occupation or duty
     is to measure commondities in market.


     Meas"ur*ing, a. Used in, or adapted for, ascertaining measurements,
     or dividing by measure.

   Measuring  faucet,  a  faucet  which  permits only a given quantity of
   liquid  to  pass  each time it is opened, or one by means of which the
   liquid which passes can be measured. -- Measuring worm (Zo\'94l.), the
   larva of any geometrid moth. See Geometrid.


   Meat (?), n. [OE. mete, AS. mete; akin to OS. mat, meti, D. met hashed
   meat,  G.  mettwurst sausage, OHG. maz food, Icel. matr, Sw. mat, Dan.
   mad, Goth. mats. Cf. Mast fruit, Mush.]

   1.  Food, in general; anything eaten for nourishment, either by man or
   beast.  Hence, the edible part of anything; as, the meat of a lobster,
   a nut, or an egg. Chaucer.

     And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, . .
     . to you it shall be for meat. Gen. i. 29.

     Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you. Gen. ix. 3.

   2.  The  flesh  of  animals  used  as food; esp., animal muscle; as, a
   breakfast of bread and fruit without meat.

   3. Specifically, dinner; the chief meal. [Obs.] Chaucer.
   Meat  biscuit.  See  under  Biscuit. -- Meat earth (Mining), vegetable
   mold.  Raymond. -- Meat fly. (Zo\'94l.) See Flesh fly, under Flesh. --
   Meat  offering  (Script.), an offering of food, esp. of a cake made of
   flour  with salt and oil. -- To go to meat, to go to a meal. [Obs.] --
   To sit at meat, to sit at the table in taking food.


   Meat, v. t. To supply with food. [Obs.] Tusser.

     His shield well lined, his horses meated well. Chapman.


   Me*a"tal  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to a meatus; resembling a meatus.


   Meat"ed (?), a.

   1. Fed; fattened. [Obs.] Tusser.

   2.   Having   (such)   meat;  --  used  chiefly  in  composition;  as,

                                 Meath, Meathe

   Meath,  Meathe  (?),  n.  [See  Mead.]  A  sweet  liquor; mead. [Obs.]
   Chaucer. Milton.


   Meat"i*ness (?), n. Quality of being meaty.


   Meat"less, a. Having no meat; without food.

     "Leave these beggars meatless." Sir T. More.


   Me*at"o*scope  (?),  n.  [Meatus  +  -scope.]  (Med.)  A  speculum for
   examining a natural passage, as the urethra.


   Me*at"o*tome  (?),  n. [Meatus + Gr. (Surg.) An instrument for cutting
   into the urethra so as to enlarge its orifice.


   Me*a"tus  (?),  n.  sing.  &  pl.;  E.  pl.  Meatuses (. [L., a going,
   passage, fr. meare to go.] (Anat.) A natural passage or canal; as, the
   external auditory meatus. See Illust. of Ear.


   Meat"y (?), a. Abounding in meat.


   Meaw (?), n. The sea mew. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Meaw, v. i. See Mew, to cry as a cat.


   Meawl (?), v. i. See Mewl, and Miaul.


   Mea"zel (?), n. See 1st Measle. [Obs.]


   Meaz"ling  (?),  a.  Falling in small drops; mistling; mizzing. [Obs.]


   Me"bles (?), n. pl. See Moebles. [Obs.]


   Me*ca"te  (?),  n.  [Sp.] A rope of hair or of maguey fiber, for tying
   horses, etc. [Southwestern U. S.]


   Mec`ca*wee"  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to Mecca, in Arabia. -- n. A
   native or inhabitant of Mecca.


   Me*chan"ic (?), n. [F. m\'82canique mechanics. See Mechanic, a.]

   1.  The  art  of  the  application  of  the laws of motion or force to
   construction. [Obs.]

   2.  A  mechanician;  an  artisan;  an artificer; one who practices any
   mechanic   art;  one  skilled  or  employed  in  shaping  and  uniting
   materials,  as wood, metal, etc., into any kind of structure, machine,
   or other object, requiring the use of tools, or instruments.

     An art quite lost with our mechanics. Sir T. Browne.


   Me*chan"ic (?), a. [F. m\'82canique, L. mechanicus, Gr. Machine.]

   1.  Having to do woth the application of the laws of motion in the art
   of  constructing  or  making  things;  of  or pertaining to mechanics;
   mechanical; as, the mechanic arts. "These mechanic philosophers." Ray.

     Mechanic slaves, With greasy aprons, rules, and hammers. Shak.

   2.  Of  or  pertaining  to a mechanic or artificer, or to the class of
   artisans; hence, rude; common; vulgar.

     To  make  a  god,  a hero, or a king Descend to a mechanic dialect.

     Sometimes he ply'd the strong, mechanic tool. Thomson.

   3. Base. [Obs.] Whitlock.


   Me*chan"ic*al (?), a. [From Mechanic, a.]

   1.  Pertaining  to,  governed by, or in accordance with, mechanics, or
   the  laws of motion; pertaining to the quantitative relations of force
   and  matter,  as distinguished from mental, vital, chemical, etc.; as,
   mechanical principles; a mechanical theory; mechanical deposits.

   2.  Of  or  pertaining  to a machine or to machinery or tools; made or
   formed   by  a  machine  or  with  tools;  as,  mechanical  precision;
   mechanical products.

     We have also divers mechanical arts. Bacon.

   3.  Done  as  if  by  a  machine;  uninfluenced  by  will  or emotion;
   proceeding  automatically,  or  by habit, without special intention or
   reflection;  as,  mechanical  singing;  mechanical  verses; mechanical

   4.  Made  and  operated  by  interaction of forces without a directing
   intelligence; as, a mechanical universe.

   5.  Obtained  by trial, by measurements, etc.; approximate; empirical.
   See the 2d Note under Geometric.
   Mechanical  effect,  effective  power;  useful  work  exerted, as by a
   machine,  in  a definite time. -- Mechanical engineering. See the Note
   under  Engineering. -- Mechanical maneuvers (Mil.), the application of
   mechanical  appliances  to  the  mounting,  dismounting, and moving of
   artillery.   Farrow.  --  Mechanical  philosophy,  the  principles  of
   mechanics  applied  to  the  inverstigation  of physical phenomena. --
   Mechanical  powers,  certain simple instruments, such as the lever and
   its  modifications  (the  wheel and axle and the pulley), the inclined
   plane  with its modifications (the screw and the wedge), which convert
   a  small force acting throught a great space into a great force acting
   through  a  small  space, or vice versa, and are used separately or in
   combination.  --  Mechanical solution (Math.), a solution of a problem
   by any art or contrivance not strictly geometrical, as by means of the
   ruler and compasses, or other instruments.


   Me*chan"ic*al, n. A mechanic. [Obs.] Shak.


   Me*chan"ic*al*ize (?), v. t. To cause to become mechanical.


   Me*chan"ic*al*ly, adv. In a mechanical manner.


   Me*chan"ic*al*ness, n. The state or quality of being mechanical.


   Mech`a*ni"cian  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  m\'82canicien.  See Mechanic.] One
   skilled in the theory or construction of machines; a machinist. Boyle.


   Me*chan`i*co-chem"ic*al  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to,  connected with, or
   dependent  upon,  both  mechanics and chemistry; -- said especially of
   those  sciences which treat of such phenomena as seem to depend on the
   laws both of mechanics and chemistry, as electricity and magnetism.


   Me*chan"ics  (?), n. [Cf. F. m\'82canique.] That science, or branch of
   applied mathematics, which treats of the action of forces on bodies.

     NOTE: &hand; Th at pa rt of mechanics which considers the action of
     forces  in  producing  rest  or equilibrium is called statics; that
     which  relates  to  such  action  in  producing  motion  is  called
     dynamics.  The  term mechanics includes the action of forces on all
     bodies,  whether  solid,  liquid,  or  gaseous.  It  is  sometimes,
     however, and formerly was often, used distinctively of solid bodies
     only:  The  mechanics of liquid bodies is called also hydrostatics,
     or  hydrodynamics,  according  as the laws of rest or of motion are
     considered.   The  mechanics  of  gaseous  bodies  is  called  also
     pneumatics.  The  mechanics  of  fluids  in  motion,  with  special
     reference  to  the  methods  of obtaining from them useful results,
     constitutes hydraulics.

   Animal  mechanics (Physiol.), that portion of physiology which has for
   its  object the investigation of the laws of equilibrium and motion in
   the  animal  body.  The most important mechanical principle is that of
   the  lever,  the bones forming the arms of the levers, the contractile
   muscles  the  power, the joints the fulcra or points of support, while
   the  weight  of  the  body  or of the individual limbs constitutes the
   weight or resistance. -- Applied mechanics, the principles of abstract
   mechanics applied to human art; also, the practical application of the
   laws  of  matter  and  motion  to  the  construction  of  machines and
   structures of all kinds.


   Mech"an*ism   (?),   n.  [Cf.  F.  m\'82canisme,  L.  mechanisma.  See

   1. The arrangement or relation of the parts of a machine; the parts of
   a  machine,  taken  collectively;  the  arrangement or relation of the
   parts  of  anything as adapted to produce an effect; as, the mechanism
   of a watch; the mechanism of a sewing machine; the mechanism of a seed

   2. Mechanical operation or action.

     He acknowledges nothing besides matter and motion; so that all must
     be performed either by mechanism or accident. Bentley.

   3.  (Kinematics)  An  ideal  machine;  a combination of movable bodies
   constituting  a  machine,  but considered only with regard to relative


   Mech"an*ist, n.

   1. A maker of machines; one skilled in mechanics.

   2.  One  who  regards the phenomena of nature as the effects of forces
   merely mechanical.


   Mech"an*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mechanized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Mechanizing  (?).]  [Cf. F. m\'82chaniser.] To cause to be mechanical.


   Mech"an*o*graph  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -graph.] One of a number of copies of
   anything multiplied mechanically.

   Page 907


   Mech`an*o*graph`ic (?), a.

   1. Treating of mechanics. [R.]

   2.   Written,   copied,   or   recorded   by  machinery;  produced  by
   mechanography;  as, a mechanographic record of changes of temperature;
   mechanographic prints.


   Mech`an*og"ra*phist  (?),  n.  An  artist  who,  by  mechanical means,
   multiplies copies of works of art.


   Mech`an*og"ra*phy  (?),  n. The art of mechanically multiplying copies
   of a writing, or any work of art.


   Mech"an*ur`gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  That  branch of science which treats of
   moving machines.


   Mech"i*tar*ist  (?),  n. [From Mechitar, an Armenian., who founded the
   congregation  in  the  early  part  of the eighteenth century.] (Eccl.
   Hist.)  One  of  a religious congregation of the Roman Catholic Church
   devoted to the improvement of Armenians.


   Mech"lin  (?),  n. A kind of lace made at, or originating in, Mechlin,
   in Belgium.


   Me*cho"a*can  (?),  n.  A species of jalap, of very feeble properties,
   said  to  be  obtained  from  the root of a species of Convolvulus (C.
   Mechoacan);  --  so  called  from  Michoacan,  in Mexico, whence it is


   Meck*e"li*an  (?),  a.  (Anat.) Pertaining to, or discovered by, J. F.
   Meckel, a German anatomist. Meckelian cartilage, the cartilaginous rod
   which  forms  the  axis  of  the  mandible;  --  called  also Meckel's


   Mec"o*nate  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. m\'82conate.] (Chem.) A salt of meconic


   Me*con"ic (?), a. [Gr. m\'82conique.] Pertaining to, or obtained from,
   the  poppy  or  opium; specif. (Chem.), designating an acid related to
   aconitic  acid,  found  in  opium and extracted as a white crystalline


   Me*con"i*dine (?), n. (Chem) An alkaloid found in opium, and extracted
   as a yellow amorphous substance which is easily decomposed.


   Mec`o*nid"i*um  (?),  n.  [NL.,  dim.  of  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  kind of
   gonophore  produced  by  hydroids  of  the genus Gonothyr\'91a. It has
   tentacles, and otherwise resembles a free medusa, but remains attached
   by a pedicel.


   Mec"o*nin  (?),  n. [Cf. F. m\'82conine.] (Chem.) A substance regarded
   as  an anhydride of meconinic acid, existing in opium and extracted as
   a  white  crystalline  substance.  Also  erroneously  called meconina,
   meconia, etc., as though it were an alkaloid.


   Mec`o*nin"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid
   which  occurs  in  opium,  and  which  may  be  obtained  by oxidizing


   Me*co"ni*um  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr.  Gr. (Med.) (a) Opium. [Obs.] (b) The
   contents of the fetal intestine; hence, first excrement.


   Med"al  (?),  n. [F. m\'82daille, It. medaglia, fr. L. metallum metal,
   through (assumed) LL. metalleus made of metal. See Metal, and cf. Mail
   a piece of money.] A piece of metal in the form of a coin, struck with
   a  device, and intended to preserve the remembrance of a notable event
   or an illustrious person, or to serve as a reward.


   Med"al,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Medaled (?), or Medalled; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Medaling  or  Medalling.] To honor or reward with a medal. "Medaled by
   the king." Thackeray.


   Med"al*et (?), n. A small medal.


   Med"al*ist,  n. [Cf. F. m\'82dailliste, It. medaglista.] [Written also

   1.  A  person  that  is  skilled  or curious in medals; a collector of
   medals. Addison.

   2. A designer of medals. Macaulay.

   3. One who has gained a medal as the reward of merit.


   Me*dal"lic  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to a medal, or to medals. "Our
   medallic history." Walpole.


   Me*dal"lion  (?),  n.  [F.  m\'82daillion,  It.  medaglione,  augm. of
   medaglia. See Medal.]

   1. A large medal or memorial coin.

   2.  A circular or oval (or, sometimes, square) tablet bearing a figure
   or figures represented in relief.


   Med"al*ur`gy  (?),  n.  [Medal + the root of Gr. The art of making and
   striking medals and coins. [Written also medallurgy.]


   Med"dle`  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Meddled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Meddling  (?).]  [OE.  medlen to mix, OF. medler, mesler, F. m\'88ler,
   LL.  misculare,  a  dim.  fr.  L. miscere to mix. Mix, and cf. Medley,

   1. To mix; to mingle. [Obs.]

     More to know Did never meddle with my thoughts. Shak.

   2. To interest or engage one's self; to have to do; -- [Obs.] Barrow.

     Study to be quiet, and to meddle with your own business. Tyndale.

   3. To interest or engage one's self unnecessarily or impertinently, to
   interfere  or  busy  one's  self  improperly  with  another's affairs;
   specifically,   to   handle  or  distrub  another's  property  without
   permission; -- often followed by with or in.

     Why shouldst thou meddle to thy hurt? 2 Kings xiv. 10.

     The  civil  lawyers . . . have meddled in a matter that belongs not
     to them. Locke.

   To  meddle  and  make,  to  intrude  one's  self into another person's
   concerns.   [Archaic]   Shak.   Syn.   --   To  interpose;  interfere;


   Med"dle, v. t. To mix; to mingle. [Obs.] Chaucer.

     "Wine meddled with gall." Wyclif (Matt. xxvii. 34).


   Med"dler (?), n. One who meddles; one who interferes or busies himself
   with  things  in  which  he  has  no  concern;  an officious person; a


   Med"dle*some  (?),  a.  Given  to  meddling;  apt  to interpose in the
   affairs of others; officiously intrusive. -- Med"dle*some*ness, n.


   Med"dling (?), a. Meddlesome. Macaulay.


   Med"dling*ly, adv. In a meddling manner.


   Mede (?), n. A native or inhabitant of Media in Asia.


   Mede, n. See lst & 2d Mead, and Meed. [Obs.]


   Me"di*a (?), n., pl. of Medium.


   Me"di*a,  n.;  pl.  Medi\'91  (-&emac;).  [NL., fr. L. medius middle.]
   (Phonetics) One of the sonant mutes b, d, g (b, d, g), in Greek, or of
   their equivalents in other languages, so named as intermediate between
   the  tenues, p, t, k (p, t, k), and the aspirat\'91 (aspirates) f, th,
   x (ph or f, th, ch). Also called middle mute, or medial, and sometimes
   soft mute.


   Me"di*a*cy  (?),  n.  The  state  or  quality of being mediate. Sir W.


   Me`di*\'91"val  (?), a. [L. medius middle + aevum age. See Middle, and
   Age.] Of or relating to the Middle Ages; as, medi\'91val architecture.
   [Written also medieval.]


   Me`di*\'91"val*ism  (?),  n.  The method or spirit of the Middle Ages;
   devotion  to  the  institutions  and  practices  of the Middle Ages; a
   survival from the Middle Ages. [Written also medievalism.]


   Me`di*\'91"val*ist,  n.  One who has a taste for, or is versed in, the
   history  of  the Middle Ages; one in sympathy with the spirit or forms
   of the Middle Ages. [Written also medievalist.]


   Me`di*\'91"val*ly,   adv.  In  the  manner  of  the  Middle  Ages;  in
   accordance with medi\'91valism.


   Me`di*\'91"vals  (?),  n. pl. The people who lived in the Middle Ages.


   Me"di*al  (?),  a.  [L. medialis, fr. medius middle: cf. F. m\'82dial.
   See  Middle.]  Of or pertaining to a mean or average; mean; as, medial


   Me"di*al, n. (Phonetics) See 2d Media.


   Me"di*a*lu"na  (?),  n.  [Sp.  media  luna  half-moon.] (Zo\'94l.) See


   Me"di*an (?), a. [L. medianus, fr. medius middle. See Medial.]

   1.  Being  in  the  middle;  running  through the middle; as, a median

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Situated  in  the  middle; lying in a plane dividing a
   bilateral  animal  into  right  and  left  halves; -- said of unpaired
   organs and parts; as, median coverts.
   Median line. (a) (Anat.) Any line in the mesial plane; specif., either
   of  the lines in which the mesial plane meets the surface of the body.
   (b)  (Geom.)  The line drawn from an angle of a triangle to the middle
   of  the  opposite  side;  any line having the nature of a diameter. --
   Median  plane  (Anat.), the mesial plane. -- Median point (Geom.), the
   point where the three median lines of a triangle mutually intersect.


   Me"di*an, n. (Geom.) A median line or point.


   Me"di*ant  (?),  n.  [L.  medians,  p. p. of mediare to halve: cf. It.
   mediante,  F.  m\'82diante.] (Mus.) The third above the keynote; -- so
   called  because it divides the interval between the tonic and dominant
   into two thirds.


   Me`di*as*ti"nal (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to a mediastinum.

                            Mediastine, Mediastinum

   Me`di*as"tine  (?),  Me`di*as*ti"num  (?), n. [NL. mediastinum, fr. L.
   medius   middle;   cf.  mediastinus  helper,  a  menial  servant,  LL.
   mediastinus   equiv.   to  medius:  cf  F.  m\'82diastin.]  (Anat.)  A
   partition;  a  septum;  specifically, the folds of the pleura (and the
   space  included between them) which divide the thorax into a right and
   left  cavity.  The  space  included between these folds of the pleura,
   called  the mediastinal space, contains the heart and gives passage to
   the esophagus and great blood vessels.


   Me"di*ate  (?), a. [L. mediatus, p. p. of mediare, v. t., to halve, v.
   i., to be in the middle. See Mid, and cf. Moiety.]

   1.  Being  between  the two extremes; middle; interposed; intervening;
   intermediate. Prior.

   2.  Acting  by  means,  or  by an intervening cause or instrument; not
   direct  or immediate; acting or suffering through an intervening agent
   or condition.

   3. Gained or effected by a medium or condition. Bacon.

     An act of mediate knowledge is complex. Sir W. Hamilton.


   Me"di*ate  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Mediated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Mediating.]  [LL.  mediatus, p. p. of mediare to mediate. See Mediate,

   1. To be in the middle, or between two; to intervene. [R.]

   2. To interpose between parties, as the equal friend of each, esp. for
   the purpose of effecting a reconciliation or agreement; as, to mediate
   between nations.


   Me"di*ate, v. t.

   1.  To  effect  by  mediation  or  interposition;  to bring about as a
   mediator, instrument, or means; as, to mediate a peace.

   2. To divide into two equal parts. [R.] Holder.


   Me"di*ate*ly  (?),  adv.  In a mediate manner; by a secondary cause or
   agent; not directly or primarily; by means; -- opposed to immediately.

     God worketh all things amongst us mediately. Sir W. Raleigh.

     The king grants a manor to A, and A grants a portion of it to B. In
     this case. B holds his lands immediately of A, but mediately of the
     king. Blakstone.


   Me"di*ate*ness, n. The state of being mediate.


   Me`di*a"tion  (?),  n.  [OE. mediacioun, F. m\'82diation. See Mediate,

   1.  The  act  of mediating; action or relation of anything interposed;
   action  as a necessary condition, means, or instrument; interposition;

     The soul [acts] by the mediation of these passions. South.

   2.  Hence,  specifically,  agency  between parties at variance, with a
   view to reconcile them; entreaty for another; intercession. Bacon.


   Me"di*a*tive  (?),  a. Pertaining to mediation; used in mediation; as,
   mediative efforts. Beaconsfield.


   Me`di*at`i*za"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  m\'82diatisation.]  The act of


   Me"di*a*tize  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mediatized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Mediatizing.] [Cf. F. m\'82diatiser.] To cause to act through an agent
   or  to  hold a subordinate position; to annex; -- specifically applied
   to  the annexation during the former German empire of a smaller German
   state  to  a  larger, while allowing it a nominal sovereignty, and its
   prince his rank.

     The misfortune of being a mediatized prince. Beaconsfield.


   Me"di*a`tor  (?),  n.  [L.  mediator:  cf.  E.  m\'82diateur.] One who
   mediates;  especially,  one who interposes between parties at variance
   for the purpose of reconciling them; hence, an intercessor.

     For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man
     Christ Jesus. 1 Tim. ii. 5.


   Me`di*a*to"ri*al  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  mediator, or to
   mediation;     mediatory;     as,    a    mediatorial    office.    --
   Me`di*a*to"ri*al*ly, adv.

     My measures were . . . healing and mediatorial. Burke.


   Me"di*a`tor*ship (?), n. The office or character of a mediator.


   Me"di*a*to*ry (?), a. Mediatorial.

                             Mediatress, Mediatrix

   Me`di*a"tress   (?),  Me`di*a*"trix  (?),  n.  [L.  mediatrix,  f.  of
   mediator: cf. F. m\'82diatrice.] A female mediator.


   Med"ic  (?),  n. [L. medica, Gr. Media, from (Bot.) A leguminous plant
   of  the  genus Medicago. The black medic is the Medicago lupulina; the
   purple medic, or lucern, is M. sativa.


   Med"ic, a. [L. medicus.] Medical. [R.]


   Med"i*ca*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  medicabilis,  from medicare, medicari, to
   heal, fr. medicus physician. See Medical.] Capable of being medicated;
   admitting of being cured or healed.


   Med"ic*al (?), a. [LL. medicalis, L. medicus belonging to healing, fr.
   mederi  to heal; cf. Zend madha medical science, wisdom, gr. mind: cf.
   F. m\'82dical.]

   1.  Of,  pertaining  to,  or  having  to  do  with, the art of healing
   disease,  or  the  science  of  medicine;  as, the medical profession;
   medical services; a medical dictionary; medical jurisprudence.

   2.  Containing  medicine; used in medicine; medicinal; as, the medical
   properties of a plant.


   Med"ic*al*ly,  adv. In a medical manner; with reference to healing, or
   to the principles of the healing art.


   Med"i*ca*ment  (?),  n.  [L.  medicamentum, fr. medicare, medicari, to
   heal:  cf. F. m\'82dicament. See Medicable.] Anything used for healing
   diseases or wounds; a medicine; a healing application.


   Med`ica*men"tal  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to medicaments or healing
   applications;    having    the    qualities    of    medicaments.   --
   Med`ica*men"tal*ly, adv. <-- pref. = medicinal -->


   Med"i*cas`ter  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. m\'82dicastre. See Medical.] A quack.
   [R.] Whitlock.


   Med"i*cate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Medicated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Medicating  (?).]  [L.  medicatus,  p.  p.  of medicare, medicari. See

   1.  To  tincture  or  impregnate  with  anything  medicinal;  to drug.
   "Medicated waters." Arbuthnot.

   2. To treat with medicine.


   Med`i*ca"tion  (?),  [L.  medicatio: cf. F. m\'82dication.] The act or
   process of medicating.


   Med"i*ca*tive (?), a. Medicinal; acting like a medicine.


   Med`i*ce"an  (?),  a.  Of  or  relating to the Medici, a noted Italian
   family;  as,  the  Medicean  Venus. Medicean planets (Astron.), a name
   given by Galileo to the satellites of Jupiter.


   Me*dic"i*na*ble (?), a. Medicinal; having the power of healing. [Obs.]


   Me*dic"i*nal  (?),  a.  [L.  medicinalis:  cf.  F.  m\'82dicinal.  See

   1.  Having  curative  or  palliative  properties; used for the cure or
   alleviation  of  bodily disorders; as, medicinal tinctures, plants, or

     Drop tears as fast as the Arabian trees Their medicinal gum. Shak.

   2. Of or pertaining to medicine; medical.


   Me*dic"i*nal*ly, adv. In a medicinal manner.


   Med"i*cine  (?), n. [L. medicina (sc. ars), fr. medicinus medical, fr.
   medicus: cf. F. m\'82decine. See Medical.]

   1.  The  science which relates to the prevention, cure, or alleviation
   of disease.

   2.  Any substance administered in the treatment of disease; a remedial
   agent; a remedy; physic.

     By medicine, life may be prolonged. Shak.

   3. A philter or love potion. [Obs.] Shak.

   4. [F. m\'82decin.] A physician. [Obs.] Shak.
   Medicine  bag, a charm; -- so called among the North American Indians,
   or  in  works  relating  to  them.  --  Medicine  man (among the North
   American Indians), a person who professes to cure sickness, drive away
   evil  spirits,  and  regulate  the  weather  by  the arts of magic. --
   Medicine seal, a small gem or paste engraved with reversed characters,
   to  serve as a seal. Such seals were used by Roman physicians to stamp
   the names of their medicines.


   Med"i*cine,  v.  t. To give medicine to; to affect as a medicine does;
   to remedy; to cure. "Medicine thee to that sweet sleep." Shak.


   Med`i*co-le"gal (?), a. Of or pertaining to law as affected by medical


   Med`i*com"mis*sure (?), n. [L. medius middle + E. commissure.] (Anat.)
   A large transverse commissure in the third ventricle of the brain; the
   middle or soft commissure. B. G. Wildex.


   Med`i*cor"nu (?), n.; pl. Medicornua (#). [NL., fr. L. medius middle +
   cornu  horn.]  (Anat.)  The  middle  or  inferior horn of each lateral
   ventricle of the brain. B. G. Wilder.


   Med"ics (?), n. Science of medicine. [Obs.]


   Me*di"e*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  medietas.]  The  middle part; half; moiety.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

                      Medieval, Medievalism, Medievalist

   Me`di*e"val,  Me`di*e"val*ism,  Me`di*e"val*ist.  Same  as Medi, Medi,

                                 Medina epoch

   Me*di"na  ep"och (?). [From Medina in New York.] (Geol.) A subdivision
   of the Niagara period in the American upper Silurian, characterized by
   the  formations  known  as  the  Oneida  conglomerate,  and the Medina
   sandstone. See the Chart of Geology.

   Page 908


   Me*di"no (?), n. Same as Para.


   Me"di*o`cral (?), a. Mediocre. [R.]


   Me"di*o`cre  (?), a. [F. m\'82diocre, L. mediocris, fr. medius middle.
   See  Mid.]  Of  a  middle  quality; of but a moderate or low degree of
   excellence; indifferent; ordinary. " A very mediocre poet." Pope.


   Me"di*o`cre, n.

   1. A mediocre person. [R.]

   2.  A young monk who was excused from performing a portion of a monk's
   duties. Shipley.


   Me"di*o`crist (?), n. A mediocre person. [R.]


   Me`di*oc"ri*ty (?), n. [F. m\'82diocrit\'82, L. mediocritas.]

   1. The quality of being mediocre; a middle state or degree; a moderate
   degree or rate. "A mediocrity of success." Bacon.

   2. Moderation; temperance. [Obs.] Hooker.


   Me`di*o*sta*pe"di*al  (?),  a.  [L.  medius  middle  +  E. stapedial.]
   (Anat.)  Pertaining to that part of the columella of the ear which, in
   some  animals,  connects  the  stapes  with  the  other  parts  of the
   columella. -- n. The mediostapedial part of the columella.


   Me`di*ox"u*mous  (?),  a.  [L.  medioxumus  middlemost.] Intermediate.
   [Obs.] Dr. H. More.


   Med"i*tance (?), n. Meditation. [Obs.]


   Med"i*tate  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Meditated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Meditating.]  [L.  meditatus,  p.  p. of meditari to meditate; cf. Gr.
   mind.]  To  keep  the  mind  in  a state of contemplation; to dwell on
   anything  in  thought;  to  think  seriously; to muse; to cogitate; to
   reflect. Jer. Taylor.

     In his law doth he meditate day and night. Ps. i. 2.


   Med"i*tate, v. t.

   1.  To contemplate; to keep the mind fixed upon; to study. "Blessed is
   the man that doth meditate good things." Ecclus. xiv. 20.

   2. To purpose; to intend; to design; to plan by revolving in the mind;
   as, to meditate a war.

     I  meditate to pass the remainder of life in a state of undisturbed
     repose. Washington.

   Syn.  --  To  consider; ponder; weigh; revolve; study. -- To Meditate,
   Contemplate,  Intend.  We meditate a design when we are looking out or
   waiting  for  the  means of its accomplishment; we contemplate it when
   the  means  are  at hand, and our decision is nearly or quite made. To
   intend  is  stronger,  implying  that  we  have decided to act when an
   opportunity  may  offer. A general meditates an attack upon the enemy;
   he  contemplates  or intends undertaking it at the earliest convenient


   Med`i*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [OE.  meditacioun,  F.  m\'82ditation, fr. L.

   1.  The  act of meditating; close or continued thought; the turning or
   revolving of a subject in the mind; serious contemplation; reflection;

     Let  the  words  of  my  mouth  and  the  meditation of my heart be
     acceptable in thy sight. Ps. xix. 14.

   2. Thought; -- without regard to kind. [Obs.]

     With wings as swift As meditation or the thoughts of love. Shak.


   Med"i*ta`tist, n. One who is given to meditation.


   Med"i*ta*tive  (?), a. [L. meditativus: cf. F. m\'82ditatif.] Disposed
   to  meditate,  or  to  meditation;  as, a meditative man; a meditative
   mood. -- Med"i*ta*tive*ly, adv. -- Med"i*ta*tive*ness, n.


   Med`i*ter*ra"ne*an  (?),  a.  [L. mediterraneus; medius middle + terra
   land. See Mid, and Terrace.]

   1. Inclosed, or nearly inclosed, with land; as, the Mediterranean Sea,
   between Europe and Africa.

   2. Inland; remote from the ocean. [Obs.]

     Cities, as well mediterranean as maritime. Holland.

   3. Of or pertaining to the Mediterranean Sea; as, Mediterranean trade;
   a Mediterranean voyage.


   Med`i*ter*ra"ne*ous (?), a. Inland. Sir T. Browne.


   Me"di*um  (?),  n.;  pl.  L. Media (#), E. Mediums (#). [L. medium the
   middle, fr. medius middle. See Mid, and cf. Medius.]

   1. That which lies in the middle, or between other things; intervening
   body  or  quantity.  Hence,  specifically: (a) Middle place or degree;

     The just medium . . . lies between pride and abjection. L'Estrange.

   (b)  (Math.)  See  Mean.  (c)  (Logic)  The  mean  or middle term of a
   syllogism; that by which the extremes are brought into connection.

   2.  A  substance through which an effect is transmitted from one thing
   to  another;  as,  air  is  the  common  medium  of  sound. Hence: The
   condition  upon  which  any event or action occurs; necessary means of
   motion  or  action; that through or by which anything is accomplished,
   conveyed,   or   carried   on;   specifically,  in  animal  magnetism,
   spiritualism,  etc., a person through whom the action of another being
   is said to be manifested and transmitted.

     Whether any other liquors, being made mediums, cause a diversity of
     sound from water, it may be tried. Bacon.

     I  must  bring  together  All  these  extremes; and must remove all
     mediums. Denham.

   3. An average. [R.]

     A medium of six years of war, and six years of peace. Burke.

   4.  A  trade name for printing and writing paper of certain sizes. See

   5.  (Paint.)  The  liquid vehicle with which dry colors are ground and
   prepared for application.
   Circulating  medium,  a current medium of exchange, whether coin, bank
   notes,  or  government notes. -- Ethereal medium (Physics), the ether.
   -- Medium of exchange, that which is used for effecting an exchange of
   commodities -- money or current representatives of money.


   Me"di*um,  a.  Having a middle position or degree; mean; intermediate;
   medial; as, a horse of medium size; a decoction of medium strength.


   Me"di*um-sized` (?), a. Having a medium size; as, a medium-sized man.


   Me"di*us  (?),  n.;  pl.  Medii  (#).  [NL., fr. L. medius middle. See
   Medium.]  (Anat.) The third or middle finger; the third digit, or that
   which corresponds to it.


   Med"lar  (?),  n. [OE. medler medlar tree, OF. meslier, F. n\'82flier,
   L.  mespilum,  mespilus,  Gr. Naseberry.] A tree of the genus Mespilus
   (M.  Germanica);  also,  the fruit of the tree. The fruit is something
   like  a  small apple, but has a bony endocarp. When first gathered the
   flesh  is  hard and austere, and it is not eaten until it has begun to
   decay.  Japan  medlar  (Bot.),  the  loquat. See Loquat. -- Neapolitan
   medlar  (Bot.), a kind of thorn tree (Crat\'91gus Azarolus); also, its


   Med"le (?), v. t. [See Meddle.] To mix; to mingle; to meddle. [Written
   also medly.] [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Med"ley  (?),  n.;  pl.  Medleys  (#).  [OE.  medlee,  OF.  mesl\'82e,
   medl\'82e,  mell\'82e,  F.  m\'88l\'82e. See Meddle, and cf. Mel\'90e,

   1.  A  mixture;  a  mingled  and confused mass of ingredients, usually
   inharmonious; a jumble; a hodgepodge; -- often used contemptuously.

     This medley of philosophy and war. Addison.

     Love  is a medley of endearments, jars, Suspicions, reconcilements,
     wars. W. Walsh.

   2.  The  confusion  of  a  hand  to hand battle; a brisk, hand to hand
   engagement; a m\'88l\'82e. [Obs.] Holland.

   3.  (Mus.)  A  composition of passages detached from several different
   compositions; a potpourri.

     NOTE: &hand; Me dley is  us ually ap plied to  vo cal, potpourri to
     instrumental, compositions.

   4. A cloth of mixed colors. Fuller.


   Med"ley, a.

   1.  Mixed;  of  mixed  material  or  color.  [Obs.] "A medl\'8a coat."

   2. Mingled; confused. Dryden.


   Med"ly (?), v. t. See Medle. Johnson.


   M\'82`doc"  (?),  n. [Cf. Mayduke.] A class of claret wines, including
   several  varieties, from the district of M\'82doc in the department of


   Med"re*gal (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Bonito, 3.


   Med"rick  (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Zo\'94l.) A species of gull or
   tern. [Prov.] Lowell.


   Me*dul"la (?), n. [L.]

   1. Marrow; pith; hence, essence. [Obs.] Milton.

   2.  (Anat.) The marrow of bones; the deep or inner portion of an organ
   or  part;  as,  the  medulla,  or  medullary substance, of the kidney;
   specifically, the medula oblongata.

   3. (Bot.) A soft tissue, occupying the center of the stem or branch of
   a plant; pith.
   Medulla oblongata. [L., oblong medulla] (Anat.), the posterior part of
   the  brain  connected  with  the  spinal  cord.  It  includes  all the
   hindbrain  except the cerebellum and pons, and from it a large part of
   the  cranial  nerves  arise.  It  controls  very  largely respiration,
   circulation,  swallowing,  and  other functions, and is the most vital
   part of the brain; -- called also bulb of the spinal cord. See Brain.


   Me*dul"lar (?), a. See Medullary.


   Med"ul*la*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  medullaris,  fr.  medulla  marrow: cf. F.

   1.  (Anat.) (a) Pertaining to, consisting of, or resembling, marrow or
   medulla. (b) Pertaining to the medula oblongata.

   2. (Bot.) Filled with spongy pith; pithy.
   Medullary  groove (Anat.), a groove, in the epiblast of the vertebrate
   blastoderm,  the  edges  of  which unite, making a tube (the medullary
   canal)  from  which  the  brain  and  spinal  cord  are  developed. --
   Medullary  rays  (Bot.),  the  rays  of  cellular  tissue  seen  in  a
   transverse  section of exogenous wood, which pass from the pith to the
   bark.  --  Medullary  sheath  (Anat.),  the  layer  of white semifluid
   substance  (myelin), between the primitive sheath and axis cylinder of
   a medullated nerve fiber.


   Me*dul"la*ted  (?),  a. (Anat.) Furnished with a medulla or marrow, or
   with a medullary sheath; as, a medullated nerve fiber.


   Me*dul"lin  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. m\'82dulline.] (Bot. Chem.) A variety of
   lignin  or cellulose found in the medulla, or pith, of certain plants.
   Cf. Lignin, and Cellulose.


   Me*du"sa (?), n. [L., fr. Gr.

   1.  (Class.  Myth.)  The  Gorgon; or one of the Gorgons whose hair was
   changed into serpents, after which all who looked upon her were turned
   into stone.

   2. [pl. Medusae (.] (Zo\'94l.) Any free swimming acaleph; a jellyfish.

     NOTE: &hand; The larger medus\'91 belong to the Discophora, and are
     sometimes   called   covered-eyed   medus\'91;   others,  known  as
     naked-eyed  medus\'91,  belong  to  the  Hydroidea, and are usually
     developed  by budding from hidroids. See Discophora, Hydroidea, and

   Medusa  bud  (Zo\'94l.),  one  of  the  buds of a hydroid, destined to
   develop  into  a  gonophore or medusa. See Athecata, and Gonotheca. --
   Medusa's  head. (a) (Zo\'94l.) An astrophyton. (b) (Astron.) A cluster
   of  stars  in  the  constellation Perseus. It contains the bright star


   Me*du"si*an (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A medusa.


   Me*du"si*form (?), a. [Medusa + -form.] (Zo\'94l.) Resembling a medusa
   in shape or structure.


   Me*du"soid  (?),  a. [Medusa + -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) Like a medusa; having
   the  fundamental structure of a medusa, but without a locomotive disk;
   --  said  of  the  sessile  gonophores  of  hydroids.  -- n. A sessile
   gonophore. See Illust. under Gonosome.


   Meech (?), v. i. See Mich. [Obs. or Colloq.]


   Meed  (?),  n.  [OE.  mede,  AS.  m&emac;d, meord; akin to OS. m, OHG.
   miata,  mieta, G. miethe hire, Goth. mizd&omac; reward, Bohem. & Russ.
   mzda, Gr. mistho`s, Skr. m&imac;dha. &root;276.]

   1.  That  which  is  bestowed  or  rendered in consideration of merit;
   reward; recompense.

     A rosy garland was the victor's meed. Spenser.

   2. Merit or desert; worth.

     My meed hath got me fame. Shak.

   3. A gift; also, a bride. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Meed, v. t.

   1. To reward; to repay. [Obs.] Waytt.

   2. To deserve; to merit. [Obs.] Heywood.


   Meed"ful  (?),  a. Worthy of meed, reward, or recompense; meritorious.
   "Meedful works." Wiclif.


   Meed"ful*ly, adv. According to merit; suitably.


   Meek  (?),  a.  [Compar. Meeker (?); superl. Meekest.] [OE. mek, meoc;
   akin to Icel. mj mild, soft, Sw. mjuk, Dan. myg, D. muik, Goth. mukam

   1.  Mild  of  temper;  not easily provoked or orritated; patient under
   injuries; not vain, or haughty, or resentful; forbearing; submissive.

     Not the man Moses was very meek. Num. xii. 3.

   2. Evincing mildness of temper, or patience; characterized by mildness
   or  patience;  as,  a  meek  answer;  a  meek face. "Her meek prayer."
   Chaucer.  Syn.  --  Gentle; mild; soft; yielding; pacific; unassuming;
   humble. See Gentle.

                                 Meek, Meeken

   Meek,  Meek"en (-'n), v. t. To make meek; to nurture in gentleness and
   humility. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Meek"ly, adv. In a meek manner. Spenser.


   Meek"ness, n. The quality or state of being meek.


   Meer (?), a. Simple; unmixed. See Mere, a. [Obs.]


   Meer, n. See Mere, a lake.


   Meer, n. A boundary. See Mere.


   Meer"kat  (?),  n. [D.] (Zo\'94l.) A South African carnivore (Cynictis
   penicillata), allied to the ichneumons.


   Meer"schaum  (?),  n. [G., lit., sea foam; meer sea + schaum foam; but
   it perh. is a corruption of the Tartaric name myrsen. Cf. Mere a lake,
   and Scum.]

   1.  (Min.)  A fine white claylike mineral, soft, and light enough when
   in dry masses to float in water. It is a hydrous silicate of magnesia,
   and  is obtained chiefly in Asia Minor. It is manufacturd into tobacco
   pipes, cigar holders, etc. Also called sepiolite.

   2. A tobacco pipe made of this mineral.


   Meet  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Met (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Meeting.] [OE.
   meten,  AS.  m,  fr.  m,  gem, a meeting; akin to OS. m to meet, Icel.
   m\'91ta, Goth. gam. See Moot, v. t.]

   1.  To join, or come in contact with; esp., to come in contact with by
   approach from an opposite direction; to come upon or against, front to
   front, as distinguished from contact by following and overtaking.

   2.  To  come  in collision with; to confront in conflict; to encounter
   hostilely;  as,  they  met  the  enemy and defeated them; the ship met
   opposing winds and currents.

   3.  To come into the presence of without contact; to come close to; to
   intercept;  to  come  within the perception, influence, or recognition
   of; as, to meet a train at a junction; to meet carriages or persons in
   the street; to meet friends at a party; sweet sounds met the ear.

     His daughter came out to meet him. Judg. xi. 34.

   4.  To  perceive;  to  come  to  a  knowledge  of;  to  have  personal
   acquaintance  with; to experience; to suffer; as, the eye met a horrid
   sight; he met his fate.

     Of vice or virtue, whether blest or curst, Which meets contempt, or
     which compassion first. Pope.

   5.  To come up to; to be even with; to equal; to match; to satisfy; to
   ansver; as, to meet one's expectations; the supply meets the demand.
   To  meet half way, literally, to go half the distance between in order
   to  meet  (one);  hence, figuratively, to yield or concede half of the
   difference in order to effect a compromise or reconciliation with.


   Meet, v. t.

   1.  To  come together by mutual approach; esp., to come in contact, or
   into proximity, by approach from opposite directions; to join; to come
   face to face; to come in close relationship; as, we met in the street;
   two lines meet so as to form an angle.

     O,  when  meet  now  Such  pairs  in love and mutual honor joined !

   2.  To  come  together  with  hostile purpose; to have an encounter or

     Weapons more violent, when next we meet, May serve to better us and
     worse our foes. Milton.

   3.  To  assemble  together;  to  congregate; as, Congress meets on the
   first Monday of December.

     They . . . appointed a day to meet together. 2. Macc. xiv. 21.

   4.  To  come  together  by  mutual  concessions;  hence,  to agree; to
   harmonize; to unite.
   To  meet  with.  (a) To light upon; to find; to come to; -- often with
   the sense of unexpectedness.

     We met with many things worthy of observation. Bacon.

   (b)  To  join;  to unite in company. Shak. (c) To suffer unexpectedly;
   as,  to meet with a fall; to meet with a loss. (d) To encounter; to be
   subjected to.

     Prepare  to meet with more than brutal fury From the fierce prince.

   (e) To obviate. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Meet,  n. An assembling together; esp., the assembling of huntsmen for
   the hunt; also, the persons who so assemble, and the place of meeting.


   Meet,  a. [OE. mete fitting, moderate, scanty, AS. m moderate; akin to
   gemet  fit,  meet, metan to mete, and G. m\'84ssig moderate, gem\'84ss
   fitting.  See  Mete.]  Suitable;  fit; proper; appropriate; qualified;

     It was meet that we should make merry. Luke xv. 32.

   To be meet with, to be even with; to be equal to. [Obs.]

   Page 909


   Meet (?), adv. Meetly. [Obs.] Shak.


   Meet"en (?), v. t. To render fit. [R.]


   Meet"er (?), n. One who meets.


   Meeth (?), Mead. See Meathe. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Meet"ing, n.

   1. A coming together; an assembling; as, the meeting of Congress.

   2.  A junction, crossing, or union; as, the meeting of the roads or of
   two rivers.

   3.  A  congregation; a collection of people; a convention; as, a large
   meeting; an harmonius meeting.

   4.  An  assembly  for  worship; as, to attend meeting on Sunday; -- in
   England,  applied  distinctively  and  disparagingly to the worshiping
   assemblies  of  Dissenters.  Syn.  --  Conference;  assembly; company;
   convention; congregation; junction; confluence; union.


   Meet"ing*house`  (?), n. A house used as a place of worship; a church;
   -- in England, applied only to a house so used by Dissenters.


   Meet"ly, adv. Fitly; suitably; properly.


   Meet"ness, n. Fitness; suitableness; propriety.

                              Meg-, Mega, Megalo-

   Meg-  (?),  Meg"a  (?),  Meg"a*lo-  (?).  [Gr.  me`gas, gen. mega`loy,
   great.] Combining forms signifying: (a) Great, extended, powerful; as,
   megascope, megacosm. (b) (Metric System, Elec., Mech., etc.) A million
   times,  a  million  of;  as, megameter, a million meters; megafarad, a
   million farads; megohm, a million ohms.

                          Megacephalic, Megacephalous

   Meg`a*ce*phal"ic  (?),  Meg`a*ceph"a*lous  (?),  a. [Mega- Gr. (Biol.)
   Large  headed;  --  applied  to  animals, and to plants when they have
   large flower heads.


   Me*gac"e*ros (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. me`gas great + horn.] (Paleon.) The
   Irish elk.


   Meg"a*chile  (?), n. [Mega- + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A leaf-cutting bee of the
   genus Megachilus. See Leaf cutter, under Leaf.


   Meg"a*cosm (?), n. [Mega- + Gr. See Macrocosm. Croft.


   Meg`a*cou`lomb" (?), n. [Mega- + coulomb.] (Elec.) A million coulombs.


   Meg"a*derm  (?), n. [Mega- + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Any one of several species
   of Old World blood-sucking bats of the genus Megaderma.


   Meg"a*dyne  (?),  n.  [Mega-  +  dyne.]  (Physics)  One  of the larger
   measures of force, amounting to one million dynes.


   Meg"a*far`ad  (?),  n.  [Mega-  +  farad.]  (Elec.)  One of the larger
   measures  of  electrical  capacity, amounting to one million farads; a


   Meg"a*lerg  (?),  n.  [Megalo-  +  erg.]  (Physics)  A million ergs; a


   Meg`a*le"sian  (?),  a.  [L.  Megalesius, fr. Gr. Mega`lh the Great, a
   surname  of  Cybele,  the Magna Mater.] Pertaining to, or in honor of,
   Cybele; as, the Megalesian games at Rome.


   Meg`a*leth"o*scope (?), n. [Mega- + alethoscope.] An optical apparatus
   in  which  pictures  are viewed through a large lens with stereoptical
   effects. It is often combined with the stereoscope.


   Meg"a*lith  (?),  n.  [Mega-  +  -lith;  cf. F. m\'82galithe.] A large
   stone;  especially,  a  large  stone  used  in  ancient  building.  --
   Meg`a*lith"ic (#), a.


   Meg"a*lo- (?). See Meg-.


   Meg"a*lo*cyte  (?),  n.  [Megalo-  + Gr. (Physiol.) A large, flattened
   corpuscle,  twice the diameter of the ordinary red corpuscle, found in
   considerable numbers in the blood in profound an\'91mia.


   Meg`a*lo*ma"ni*a  (?), n. [NL., fr. megalo- + mania.] (Pathol.) A form
   of mental alienation in which the patient has grandiose delusions.


   Meg`a*lon"yx  (?),  n.  [NL., from Gr. me`gas, mega`lh, great + 'o`nyx
   claw.]  (Paleon.)  An extinct quaternary mammal, of great size, allied
   to the sloth.


   Meg`a*loph"o*nous  (?),  a. [Megalo- + Gr. fwnh` voice.] Having a loud


   Meg`a*lop"o*lis  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. megalo`polis; me`gas, mega`lh,
   great + po`lis city.] A chief city; a metropolis. [R.]


   Meg"a*lops  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. me`gas, -a`loy, large + 'w`ps eye.]

   1.  A  larva,  in a stage following the zo\'89a, in the development of
   most  crabs.  In  this  stage  the  legs and abdominal appendages have
   appeared, the abdomen is relatively long, and the eyes are large. Also
   used adjectively.

   2. A large fish; the tarpum.


   Meg`a*lop"sy*chy (?), n. [Megalo- + Gr. Greatness of soul. [Obs. & R.]

                           Megalosaur, Megalosaurus

   Meg"a*lo*saur`  (?),  Meg`a*lo*sau"rus  (?), n. [NL. megalosaurus, fr.
   Gr.  m\'82galosaure.] (Paleon.) A gigantic carnivorous dinosaur, whose
   fossil remains have been found in England and elsewhere.


   Me*gam"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Mega-  +  -meter:  cf.  F.  m\'82gam\'8atre.]

   1.  An  instrument  for  determining  longitude  by observation of the

   2. A micrometer. [R.] Knight.

                             Megameter, Megametre

   Meg"a*me`ter,  Meg"a*me`tre  (?), n. [Mega- + meter, metre, n., 2.] In
   the metric system, one million meters, or one thousand kilometers.


   Meg`am`p\'8are"  (?),  n.  [Mega-  +  amp\'8are.]  (Elec.)  A  million


   Meg"a*phone  (?), n. [Mega- + Gr. A device to magnify sound, or direct
   it  in  a  given direction in a greater volume, as a very large funnel
   used as an ear trumpet or as a speaking trumpet.


   Me*gaph"y*ton  (?),  n.  [NL.,  from Gr. me`gas great + fyto`n plant.]
   (Paleon.)  An  extinct  genus  of  tree  ferns  with large, two-ranked
   leaves, or fronds.


   Meg"a*pode  (?),  n. [Mega- + Gr. poy`s, podo`s, foot.] (Zo\'94l.) Any
   one  of  several  species  of  large-footed, gallinaceous birds of the
   genera  Megapodius  and Leipoa, inhabiting Australia and other Pacific
   islands. See Jungle fowl (b) under Jungle, and Leipoa.


   Me*gap"o*lis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. me`gas great + po`lis city.] A
   metropolis. [Obs.] Sir T. Herbert.

                               Megarian, Megaric

   Me*ga"ri*an  (?),  Me*gar"ic  (?),  a.  Belonging,  or  pertaining, to
   Megara,  a  city  of  ancient  Greece. Megarian, OR Megaric, school, a
   school  of  philosophy  established  at  Megara,  after  the  death of
   Socrates, by his disciples, and remarkable for its logical subtlety.


   Meg"a*scope   (?),  n.  [Mega-  +  -scope:  cf.  F.  m\'82gascope.]  A
   modification  of the magic lantern, used esp. for throwing a magnified
   image of an opaque object on a screen, solar or artificial light being


   Meg"a*seme  (?),  a.  [Mega- + Gr. m\'82gas\'8ame.] (Anat.) Having the
   orbital index relatively large; having the orbits narrow transversely;
   -- opposed to microseme.

                                Megass, Megasse

   Me"gass" (?), Me*gasse", n. See Bagasse.


   Meg"as*thene   (?),   n.  [Gr.  me`gas  great  +  sthe`nos  strength.]
   (Zo\'94l.) One of a group which includes the higher orders of mammals,
   having a large size as a typical characteristic.


   Meg`as*then"ic  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having  a  typically large size;
   belonging to the megasthenes.


   Meg"a*stome  (?), n. [Gr. me`gas great + sto`ma mouth.] (Zo\'94l.) One
   of a group of univalve shells, having a large aperture or mouth.

                            Megathere, Megatherium

   Meg"a*there  (?),  Meg`a*the"ri*um  (?),  n. [NL. megatherium, fr. Gr.
   me`gas   great  +  thyri`on  beast.]  (Paleon.)  An  extinct  gigantic
   quaternary  mammal,  allied  to the ant-eaters and sloths. Its remains
   are found in South America.


   Meg`a*the"roid (?), n. [Megatherium + -oid.] (Paleon.) One of a family
   of  extinct  edentates  found  in  America.  The  family  includes the
   megatherium, the megalonyx, etc.


   Meg`a*volt" (?), n. [Mega- + volt.] (Elec.) One of the larger measures
   of electro-motive force, amounting to one million volts.


   Meg`a*we"ber (?), n. [Mega- + weber.] (Elec.) A million webers.


   Meg"erg`  (?),  n. [Mega- + erg.] (Physics) One of the larger measures
   of work, amounting to one million ergs; -- called also megalerg.

                                Megilp, Megilph

   Me*gilp"  (?),  Me*gilph"  (?),  n.  (Paint.) A gelatinous compound of
   linseed  oil  and  mastic  varnish,  used  by artists as a vehicle for
   colors. [Written also magilp, and magilph.]


   Meg"ohm"  (?), n. [Mega- + ohm.] (Elec.) One of the larger measures of
   electrical resistance, amounting to one million ohms.


   Me"grim  (?), n. [OE. migrim, migrene, F. migraine, LL. hemigrania, L.
   hemicrania,  hemicranium,  Gr.  Hemi- and Cranium, and cf. Hemicrania,

   1. A kind of sick or nevrous headache, usually periodical and confined
   to one side of the head.

   2.  A fancy; a whim; a freak; a humor; esp., in the plural, lowness of

     These are his megrims, firks, and melancholies. Ford.

   3.  pl.  (Far.)  A  sudden  vertigo in a horse, succeeded sometimes by
   unconsciousness,  produced  by an excess of blood in the brain; a mild
   form of apoplexy. Youatt.


   Me"grim,  n.  [Etymol. uncertain.] (Zo\'94l.) The British smooth sole,
   or scaldfish (Psetta arnoglossa).


   Mei*bo"mi*an  (?),  a.  (Anat.)  Of,  pertaining to, or discovered by,
   Meibomius.  Meibomian  glands,  the  slender  sebaceous  glands of the
   eyelids,  which discharge, through minute orifices in the edges of the
   lids, a fatty secretion serving to lubricate the adjacent parts.


   Meine (?), v. t. See Menge.

                                 Meine, Meiny

   Mein"e, Mein"y, (, n. [OF. maisni\'82e, maisnie. See Menial.]

   1.  A  family,  including  servants,  etc.; household; retinue; train.
   [Obs.] Chaucer. Shak.

   2. Company; band; army. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mei"o*cene (?), a. (Geol.) See Miocene.


   Mei"o*nite  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Min.)  A  member of the scapolite, group,
   occuring in glassy crystals on Monte Somma, near Naples.


   Mei*o"sis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  Meionite.] (Rhet.) Diminution; a
   species  of  hyperbole,  representing  a  thing  as being less than it
   really is.


   Mel`o*stem"o*nous  (?),  a.  [Gr. (Bot.) Having fever stamens than the
   parts of the corolla.


   Meis"ter*sing`er (?), n. [G.] See Mastersinger.


   Mekh"i*tar*ist (?), n. (Ecc. Hist.) See Mechitarist.


   Me*lac"o*nite  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Min.) An earthy black oxide of copper,
   arising from the decomposition of other ores.

                                Melada, Melado

   Me*la"da  (?),  Me*la"do  (?), n. [Sp., prop. p. p. of melar to sugar,
   candy,  fr.  L.  mel  honey.  See  Molasses.]  A  mixture of sugar and
   molasses; crude sugar as it comes from the pans without being drained.


   Me*l\'91"na  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) A discharge from the bowels
   of black matter, consisting of altered blood.


   Mel"ain (?), n. [See Melna.] The dark coloring matter of the liquid of
   the cuttlefish.


   Me*lai"no*type (?), n. See Melanotype.


   Me"lam  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  m\'82lam.] (Chem.) A white or buff-colored
   granular powder,


   Me*lam"ine (?), n. (Chem.) A strong nitrogenous base, C3H6N6, produced
   from  several  cyanogen compounds, and obtained as a white crystalline
   substance, -- formerly supposed to be produced by the decomposition of
   melam. Called also cyanuramide.


   Mel"am*pode (?), n. [Gr. The black hellebore. [Obs.] Spenser.

                            Melampyrin, Melampyrite

   Mel`am*py"rin  (?),  Mel`am*py"rite  (?), n. [NL. Melampyrum cowwheat;
   Gr.  (Chem.)  The  saccharine  substance dulcite; -- so called because
   found in the leaves of cowwheat (Melampyrum). See Dulcite.


   Mel`a*n\'91"mi*a  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) A morbid condition in
   which  the  blood  contains  black  pigment  either floating freely or
   imbedded in the white blood corpuscles.


   Me*lan"a*gogue  (?), n. [Gr. (Med.) A medicine supposed to expel black
   bile or choler. [Obs.]


   Mel`an*cho"li*a  (?),  n. [L. See Melancholy.] (Med.) A kind of mental
   unsoundness   characterized   by   extreme   depression   of  spirits,
   ill-grounded  fears,  delusions,  and  brooding  over  one  particular
   subject or train of ideas.


   Mel`an*cho"li*an   (?),  n.  A  person  affected  with  melancholy;  a
   melancholic. [Obs.] Dr. J. Scott.


   Mel"an*chol`ic (?), a. [L. melancholicus, Gr. m\'82lancholique.] Given
   to melancholy; depressed; melancholy; dejected; unhappy.

     Just  as  the  melancholic  eye  Sees fleets and armies in the sky.


   Mel"an*chol`ic, n. [Obs.]

   1. One affected with a gloomy state of mind. J. Spenser.

   2. A gloomy state of mind; melancholy. Clarendon.


   Mel"an*chol`i*ly (?), adv. In a melancholy manner.


   Mel"an*chol`i*ness,  n.  The  state  or  quality  of being melancholy.


   Mel`an*cho"li*ous  (?),  a.  [Cf. OF. melancholieux.] Melancholy. [R.]


   Mel"an*chol*ist  (?),  n.  One  affected with melancholy or dejection.
   [Obs.] Glanvill.


   Mel"an*cho*lize  (?),  v.  i.  To  become  gloomy or dejected in mind.


   Mel"an*cho*lize, v. t. To make melancholy.


   Mel"an*chol*y   (?),   n.   [OE.   melancolie,  F.  m\'82lancolie,  L.
   melancholia, fr. Gr. Malice, and 1st Gall.]

   1.  Depression  of  spirits;  a gloomy state continuing a considerable
   time; deep dejection; gloominess. Shak.

   2.  Great  and  continued  depression  of spirits, amounting to mental
   unsoundness; melancholia.

   3.  Pensive maditation; serious thoughtfulness. [Obs.] "Hail, divinest
   Melancholy !" Milton.

   4. Ill nature. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mel"an*chol*y, a.

   1. Depressed in spirits; dejected; gloomy dismal. Shak.

   2.  Producing  great  evil  and  grief; causing dejection; calamitous;
   afflictive; as, a melancholy event.

   3.  Somewhat deranged in mind; having the jugment impaired. [Obs.] Bp.

   4. Favorable to meditation; somber.

     A pretty, melancholy seat, well wooded and watered. Evelin.

   Syn.  --  Gloomy; sad; dispirited; low-spirited; downhearted; unhappy;
   hypochondriac;   disconsolate;  heavy,  doleful;  dismal;  calamitous;


   Mel`a*ne"sian  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Melanesia  was  so called from the dark
   complexion of the natives.] Of or pertaining to Melanesia.


   M\'82`lange" (?), n. [F. See Mell, Meddle.] A mixture; a medley.


   Me*la"ni*an  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  a  family  of  fresh-water
   pectinibranchiate mollusks, having a turret-shaped shell.


   Me*lan"ic (?), a. [Gr.

   1. Melanotic.

   2. (Ethnol.) Of or pertaining to the black-haired races. Prichard.


   Me*lan"i*line  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  complex  nitrogenous  hydrocarbon
   obtained  artificially  (as  by  the  action  of  cyanogen chloride on
   aniline)  as  a  white, crystalline substance; -- called also diphenyl


   Mel"a*nin  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Physiol.)  A  black  pigment  found in the
   pigment-bearing  cells  of  the  skin (particularly in the skin of the
   negro),  in  the  epithelial cells of the external layer of the retina
   (then  called  fuscin),  in  the  outer  layer  of  the  choroid,  and
   elsewhere.  It  is  supposed  to  be derived from the decomposition of

   Page 910


   Mel"a*nism (?), n. [Gr. , , black.]

   1.  An  indue  development  of dark-colored pigment in the skin or its
   appendages; -- the opposite of albinism.

   2. (Med.) A disease; black jaundice. See Mel.


   Mel`a*nis"tic  (?),  a.  Affected  with  melanism;  of  the  nature of


   Mel"a*nite  (?),  n.  [Gr.  m\'82lanite.]  (Min.)  A  black variety of


   Mel`a*noch"ro*i  (?), n. pl. [NL. See Melanochroic.] (Ethnol.) A group
   of the human race, including the dark whites.


   Mel`a*no*chro"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Having  a  dark  complexion;  of  or
   pertaining to the Melanochroi.


   Mel`a*no*chro"ite  (?),  n.  [See Melanochroic.] (Min.) A mineral of a
   red,  or brownish or yellowish red color. It is a chromate of lead; --
   called also ph\'d2nicocroite.


   Mel`a*noc"o*mous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Having  very  dark  or  black  hair;
   black-haired. Prichard.


   Mel`a*nor*rh\'d2"a  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) An East Indian genus
   of  large  trees. Melanorrh&oe;a usitatissima is the lignum-vit\'91 of
   Peru,  and yelds a valuable black varnish. <-- #"Peru" in original was
   "Pegu" -- must be an error, so changed here. -->


   Me*lan"o*scope (?), n. [Gr. -scope.] (Opt.) An instrument containing a
   combination of colored glasses such that they transmit only red light,
   so  that  objects  of other colors, as green leaves, appear black when
   seen  through it. It is used for viewing colored flames, to detect the
   presence  of  potassium,  lithium,  etc.,  by the red light which they


   Mel`a*no"sis  (?), [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) The morbid deposition of black
   matter, often of a malignant character, causing pigmented tumors.


   Me*lan"o*sperm  (?),  n. [Gr. (Bot.) An alga of any kind that produces
   blackish  spores, or seed dust. The melanosperms include the rockweeds
   and all kinds of kelp. -- Mel`a*no*sper"mous (#), a.


   Mel`a*not"ic (?), Melanistic.


   Me*lan"o*type  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -type.]  (Photog.)  A  positive picture
   produced  with  sensitized  collodion  on  a  smooth  surface of black
   varnish,  coating  a  thin  plate of iron; also, the process of making
   such a picture. [Written also melainotype.]


   Me*lan"ter*ite  (?),  n.  (Min.) A hydrous sulphate of iron of a green
   color and vitreous luster; iron vitriol.


   Mel"a*nure  (?), n. [NL. melanurus, fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A small fish of
   the Mediterranean; a gilthead. See Gilthead (a).


   Mel`a*nu"ric  (?),  a.  [Melam  +  urea.]  (Chem.)  Pertaining  to, or
   designating,  a  complex nitrogenous acid obtained by decomposition of
   melam,  or  of  urea,  as  a  white crystalline powder; -- called also
   melanurenic acid.


   Mel"a*phyre  (?),  n.  [F., fr. Gr. phyre porphyry.] (Min.) Any one of
   several dark-colored augitic, eruptive rocks allied to basalt.


   Me*las"ma  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Med.) A dark discoloration of the
   skin,  usually  local; as, Addison's melasma, or Addison's disease. --
   Me*las"mic (#), a.


   Me*las"ses (?), n. See Molasses.


   Me*las"sic   (?),   a.  [See  Molasses.]  (Chem.)  Pertaining  to,  or
   designating,  an  acid obtained from molasses or glucose, and probably
   identical with saccharic acid. See Saccharic.


   Me*las"to*ma  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Bot.)  A  genus of evergreen
   tropical  shrubs; -- so called from the black berries of some species,
   which stain the mouth.


   Mel`a*sto*ma"ceous  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Belonging  to the order of which
   Melastoma is the type.


   Mel"chite  (?),  n.  [Heb.  melek  king.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect,
   chiefly  in  Syria  and Egypt, which acknowledges the authority of the
   pope, but adheres to the liturgy and ceremonies of the Eastern Church.


   Mel`e*a"grine  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the genus


   Mel`e*a"gris  (?),  n.  [L.,  the  Guinea fowl.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of
   American  gallinaceous  birds,  including  the  common  and  the  wild


   M\'88`l\'82e"  (?), n. [F., fr. m\'88ler to mix. See Meddle, Mell, and
   cf. Mellay.] A fight in which the combatants are mingled


   Me*le"na (?), n. (Med.) See Mel.


   Mel"ene   (?),  n.  [Melissic  +  ethylene.]  (Chem.)  An  unsaturated
   hydrocarbon,  C30H60, of the ethylene series, obtained from beeswax as
   a  white,  scaly,  crystalline  wax;  --  called  also  melissene, and


   Mel"e*nite   (?),   n.  [Gr.  me`li  honey.]  An  explosive  of  great
   destructive power; -- so called from its color, which resembles honey.


   Mel"e*tin (?), n. (Chem.) See Quercitin.


   Me*lez"i*tose` (?), n. [F. m\'82l\'8aze the larch + melitose.] (Chem.)
   A variety of sugar, isomeric with sucrose, extracted from the manna of
   the larch (Larix). [Written also melicitose.]


   Me`li*a"ceous   (?),   a.   (Bot.)   Pertaining  to  a  natural  order
   (Meliac\'91)  of  plants  of  which  the  genus  Melia is the type. It
   includes the mahogany and the Spanish cedar.

  Melibean, Melib Mel`i*be"an (?), Mel`i*b, a. [From L. Meliboeus, one of the
 interlocutors in Virgil's first Eclogue.] (Rhet.) Alternately responsive, as


   Mel"ic (?), [Gr. Of or pertaining to song; lyric; tuneful.


   Me*lic"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  meliceris a kind of tumor, fr. Gr. me`li
   honey  + (Med.) Consisting of or containing matter like honey; -- said
   of certain encysted tumors.

                                  Melic grass

   Mel"ic  grass`  (?).  (Bot.)  A  genus  of  grasses (Melica) of little
   agricultural importance.


   Mel`i*co*toon" (?), n. (Bot.) See Melocoton.


   Me*lic"ra*to*ry (?), n. [Gr. meli`kraton.] A meadlike drink. [Obs.]


   Mel"i*lite  (?),  n.  [Gr.  me`li honey + -lite; cf. F. m\'82lilithe.]
   (Min.)  A  mineral  occurring  in  small yellow crystals, found in the
   lavas  (melilite  basalt)  of  Vesuvius,  and elsewhere. [Written also


   Mel"i*lot  (?), n. [F. m\'82lilot, L. melilotus, fr. Gr. me`li honey +
   (Bot.)  Any species of Melilotus, a genus of leguminous herbs having a
   vanillalike  odor;  sweet  clover;  hart's  clover.  The  blue melilot
   (Melilotus c\'91rulea) is used in Switzerland to give color and flavor
   to sapsago cheese.


   Mel`i*lot"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Of,  pertaining to, or obtained from,
   sweet  clover  or  meliot;  specifically,  designating  an acid of the
   aromatic   series,  obtained  from  melilot  as  a  white  crystalline


   Mel"io*rate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Meliorated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Meliorating.]  [L.  melioratus,  p.  p. of meliorare to meliorate, fr.
   melior better; akin to Gr. Ameliorate.] To make better; to improve; to
   ameliorate; to soften; to make more tolerable.

     Nature by art we nobly meliorate. Denham.

     The  pure  and  bening  light  of  revelation has had a meliorating
     influence on mankind. Washington.


   Mel"io*rate, v. i. To grow better.


   Mel"io*ra`ter (?), n. Same as Meliorator.


   Mel`io*ra"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  melioratio.]  The  act  or operation of
   meliorating, or the state of being meliorated; improvement. Bacon.


   Mel"io*ra`tor (?), n. One who meliorates.


   Mel"io*rism  (?),  n. [From L. melior better.] The doctrine that there
   is a tendency throughout nature toward improvement. J. Sully.


   Mel*ior"i*ty  (?),  n. [LL. melioritas, fr. L. melior. See Meliorate.]
   The state or quality of being better; melioration. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Me*liph"a*gan  (?),  a. [Gr. me`li honey + (Zo\'94l.) Belonging to the
   genus Meliphaga.


   Me*liph"a*gan,  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  bird  of  the genus Meliphaga and
   allied genera; a honey eater; -- called also meliphagidan.


   Me*liph"a*gous  (?),  a.  [See Meliphagan.] (Zool.) Eating, or feeding
   upon, honey.


   Me*lis"ma (?), n.; pl. Melismata (#). [NL., fr. Gr. (Mus.) (a) A piece
   of  melody;  a  song  or  tune, -- as opposed to recitative or musical
   declamation. (b) A grace or embellishment.


   Me*lis"sa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. me`lissa a bee, honey.] (Bot.) A genus
   of   labiate   herbs,   including  the  balm,  or  bee  balm  (Melissa


   Me*lis"sic (?), a. [Gr. me`lissa a bee, honey.] (Chem.) Pertaining to,
   or  derived  from,  beeswax;  specif.,  denoting  an  acid obtained by
   oxidation of myricin.


   Me*lis"syl (?), n. [Melissic +yl.] (Chem.) See Myricyl.


   Me*lis"sy*lene (?), n. [Melissic + -yl + -ene.] (Chem.) See Melene.


   Mel"i*tose`  (?),  n.  [Gr.  me`li  honey.] (Chem.) A variety of sugar
   isomeric  with  sucrose,  extracted  from  cotton  seeds  and from the
   so-called   Australian  manna  (a  secretion  of  certain  species  of


   Mell (?), v. i. & t. [F. m\'88ler, OF. meller, mester. See Meddle.] To
   mix; to meddle. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mell, n. [See Mellifluous.] Honey. [Obs.] Warner.


   Mell, n. A mill. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mel"late  (?),  n.  [L.  mel, mellis, honey. Cf. Mellitate.] (Chem.) A
   mellitate. [R.]


   Mel"lay (?), n. A m\'88l\'82e; a conflict. Tennyson.


   Mel"lic (?), a. (Chem.) See Mellitic. [R.]


   Mel*lif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  mellifer; mel, mellis, honey + ferre to
   bear.] Producing honey.


   Mel*lif"ic  (?),  a.  [L.  mel,  mellis, honey + -ficare (in comp.) to
   make. See -fy.] Producing honey.


   Mel`li*fi*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  mellificare  to  make  honey: cf. F.
   mellification. See Mellific.] The making or production of honey.


   Mel*lif"lu*ence (?), n. A flow of sweetness, or a sweet, smooth flow.


   Mel*lif"lu*ent  (?),  a. [L. mellifluens. See Mellifluous.] Flowing as
   with honey; smooth; mellifluous.


   Mel*lif"lu*ent*ly, adv. In a mellifluent manner.


   Mel*lif"lu*ous (?), a. [L. mellifluus; mel, mellis, honey (akin to Gr.
   milip)  +  fluere  to  flow.  See  Mildew, Fluent, and cf. Marmalade.]
   Flowing  as  with  honey;  smooth;  flowing sweetly or smoothly; as, a
   mellifluous voice. -- Mel*lif"lu*ous*ly, adv.


   Mel*lig"e*nous  (?),  a.  [L.  mel,  mellis  +  -genous.]  Having  the
   qualities of honey. [R.]


   Mel*li"go (?), n. [L.] Honeydew.


   Mel*lil"o*quent  (?),  a. [L. mel, mellis honey + loquens speaking, p.
   pr. of loqui to speak.] Speaking sweetly or harmoniously.


   Mel*liph"a*gan (?), n. See Meliphagan.


   Mel*liph"a*gous (?), a. See Meliphagous.


   Mel"li*tate  (?),  n. [Cf. F. mellitate. See Mellitic.] (Chem.) A salt
   of mellitic acid.


   Mel"lite  (?),  n.  [L.  mel, mellis, honey: cf. F. mellite.] (Min.) A
   mineral  of  a honey color, found in brown coal, and partly the result
   of vegetable decomposition; honeystone. It is a mellitate of alumina.


   Mel*lit"ic  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  mellitique.  See Mellite.] (Chem.) (a)
   Containing  saccharine  matter;  marked  by saccharine secretions; as,
   mellitic  diabetes.  (b)  Pertaining  to, or derived from, the mineral
   mellite.   Mellitic   acid  (Chem.),  a  white,  crystalline,  organic
   substance,   C6(CO2H)6,   occurring   naturally  in  combination  with
   aluminium  in  the  mineral  mellite, and produced artificially by the
   oxidation  of  coal,  graphite,  etc., and hence called also graphitic


   Mel"lone  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  yellow  powder,  C6H3N9, obtained from
   certain  sulphocyanates.  It  has  acid properties and forms compounds
   called mellonides.


   Mel"lon*ide (?), n. See Mellone.


   Mel"low (?), a. [Compar. Mellower (?); superl. Mellowest.] [OE. melwe;
   cf.  AS.  mearu soft, D. murw, Prov. G. mollig soft, D. malsch, and E.
   meal flour.]

   1.  Soft  or tender by reason of ripeness; having a tender pulp; as, a
   mellow apple.

   2.  Hence:  (a)  Easily worked or penetrated; not hard or rigid; as, a
   mellow  soil. "Mellow glebe." Drayton (b) Not coarse, rough, or harsh;
   subdued; soft; rich; delicate; -- said of sound, color, flavor, style,
   etc.  "The  mellow  horn."  Wordsworth.  "The mellow-tasted Burgundy."

     The  tender  flush whose mellow stain imbues Heaven with all freaks
     of light. Percival.

   3. Well matured; softened by years; genial; jovial.

     May health return to mellow age. Wordsworth.

     As  merry  and  mellow an old bachelor as ever followed a hound. W.

   4. Warmed by liquor; slightly intoxicated. Addison.


   Mel"low, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mellowed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Mellowing.]
   To make mellow. Shak.

     If  the Weather prove frosty to mellow it [the ground], they do not
     plow it again till April. Mortimer.

     The  fervor  of  early  feeling  is  tempered  and  mellowed by the
     ripeness of age. J. C. Shairp.


   Mel"low,  v.  i.  To  become  mellow;  as,  ripe  fruit  soon mellows.
   "Prosperity begins to mellow." Shak.


   Mel"low*ly, adv. In a mellow manner.


   Mel"low*ness, n. Quality or state of being mellow.


   Mel"low*y (?), a. Soft; unctuous. Drayton.


   Mel*lu"co (?), n. (Bot.) A climbing plant (Ullucus officinalis) of the
   Andes,  having  tuberous  roots  which  are  used  as a substitute for


   Mel"ne (?), n. A mill. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                             Melocoton, Melocotoon

   Mel`o*co*ton",  Mel`o*co*toon"  (?), n. [Sp. melocoton a kind of peach
   tree  and  its  fruit,  L.  malum  cotonium, or cotonea, or Cydonia, a
   quince,  or  quince  tree, lit., apple of Cydonia, Gr. Quince.] (Bot.)
   (a)  A  quince.  (b) A kind of peach having one side deep red, and the
   flesh yellow. [Written also malacatoon, malacotune.]


   Me*lo"de*on (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. Melody, and cf. Odeon.]

   1.  (Mus.)  A  kind  of  small  reed  organ; -- a portable form of the

   2. A music hall.


   Me*lod"ic  (?),  a. [L. melodicus, Gr. m\'82lodique.] Of the nature of
   melody; relating to, containing, or made up of, melody; melodious.


   Me*lod"ics  (?),  n. The department of musical science which treats of
   the pitch of tones, and of the laws of melody.


   Me*lo"di*o*graph   (?),  n.  [Melody  +  -graph.]  A  contrivance  for
   preserving a record of music, by recording the action of the keys of a
   musical instrument when played upon.


   Me*lo"di*ous (?), a. [Cf. F. m\'82lodieux. See Melody.] Containing, or
   producing, melody; musical; agreeable to the ear by a sweet succession
   of  sounds;  as,  a melodious voice. "A melodious voice." "A melodious
   undertone." Longfellow. -- Me*lo"di*ous*ly, adv. -- Me*lo"di*ous*ness,


   Mel"o*dist  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  m\'82lodiste.] A composer or singer of


   Mel"o*dize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Melodized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Melodizing (?).] To make melodious; to form into, or set to, melody.


   Mel"o*dize, v. i. To make melody; to compose melodies; to harmonize.


   Mel`o*dra"ma  (?),  n.  [F.  m\'82lodrame, fr. Gr. Formerly, a kind of
   drama  having  a  musical  accompaniment  to  intensify  the effect of
   certain  scenes.  Now,  a  drama  abounding  in romantic sentiment and
   agonizing situations, with a musical accompaniment only in parts which
   are especially thrilling or pathetic. In opera, a passage in which the
   orchestra  plays a somewhat descriptive accompaniment, while the actor
   speaks;  as,  the  melodrama  in the gravedigging scene of Beethoven's


   Mel`o*dra*mat"ic  (?), a. [Cf. F. m\'82lodramatique.] Of or pertaining
   to  melodrama; like or suitable to a melodrama; unnatural in situation
   or action. -- Mel`o*dra*mat"ic*al*ly (#), adv.


   Mel`o*dram"a*tist (?), n. One who acts in, or writes, melodramas.


   Mel"o*drame (?), n. [F.] Melodrama.


   Mel"o*dy  (?),  n.;  pl. Melodies (#). [OE. melodie, F. m\'82lodie, L.
   melodia, fr. Gr. Ode.]

   1. A sweet or agreeable succession of sounds.

     Lulled with sound of sweetest melody. Shak.

   2.  (Mus.)  A  rhythmical  succession of single tones, ranging for the
   most  part  within  a  given key, and so related together as to form a
   musical  whole,  having  the  unity  of  what  is technically called a
   musical  thought,  at  once  pleasing to the ear and characteristic in

     NOTE: &hand; Me lody co nsists in  a  su ccession of  single tones;
     harmony is a consonance or agreement of tones, also a succession of
     consonant musical combinations or chords.

   3. The air or tune of a musical piece. Syn. -- See Harmony.


   Mel"o*e  (?),  [  NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of beetles without
   wings,  but  having  short oval elytra; the oil beetles. These beetles
   are  sometimes  used  instead of cantharides for raising blisters. See
   Oil beetle, under Oil.

   Page 911


   Mel"o*graph  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -graph  :  cf. F. m\'82lographe.] Same as


   Mel`o*lon*thid"i*an  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  A beetle of the genus
   Melolontha, and allied genera. See May beetle, under May.


   Mel"on  (?),  n. [F., fr. L. melo, for melopepo an apple-shaped melon,
   Gr. malum apple. Cf. Marmalade.]

   1.  (Bot.)  The  juicy  fruit of certain cucurbitaceous plants, as the
   muskmelon, watermelon, and citron melon; also, the plant that produces
   the fruit.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A large, ornamental, marine, univalve shell of the genus
   Melon  beetle  (Zo\'94l.),  a  small leaf beetle (Diabrotiea vittata),
   which  damages  the  leaves  of  melon  vines.  -- Melon cactus, Melon
   thistle. (a) (Bot.) A genus of cactaceous plants (Melocactus) having a
   fleshy  and  usually  globose stem with the surface divided into spiny
   longitudinal ridges, and bearing at the top a prickly and woolly crown
   in  which the small pink flowers are half concealed. M. communis, from
   the West Indies, is often cultivated, and sometimes called Turk's cap.
   (b)  The  related  genus  Mamillaria,  in  which the stem is tubercled
   rather than ribbed, and the flowers sometimes large. See Illust. under
   Mel`o*pi*a"no  (?),  n.  [Gr.  piano.]  A  piano  having  a mechanical
   attachment which enables the player to prolong the notes at will. 


   Mel`o*plas"tic  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  meloplasty,  or  the
   artificial formation of a new cheek.


   Mel"o*plas`ty  (?),  n.  [Gr. -plasty: cf. F. m\'82loplastie.] (Surg.)
   The process of restoring a cheek which has been destroyed wholly or in

 Melop Mel`o*p (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Mus.) The art of forming melody; melody;
    -- now often used for a melodic passage, rather than a complete melody.


   Mel"o*type  (?), n. (Photog.) A picture produced by a process in which
   development  after  exposure  may  be  deferred indefinitely, so as to
   permit transportation of exposed plates; also, the process itself.


   Mel*pom"e*ne (?), n. [L., fr. Gr.

   1. (Class. Myth.) The Muse of tragedy.

   2. (Astron.) The eighteenth asteroid.


   Mel"rose (?), n. Honey of roses.


   Melt (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See 2d Milt.


   Melt, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Melted (obs.) p. p. Molten (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Melting.] [AS. meltan; akin to Gr. malt, and prob. to E. smelt, v.
   Smelt, v., Malt, Milt the spleen.]

   1.  To  reduce from a solid to a liquid state, as by heat; to liquefy;
   as, to mell wax, tallow, or lead; to melt ice or snow.

   2. Hence: To soften, as by a warming or kindly influence; to relax; to
   render  gentle  or susceptible to mild influences; sometimes, in a bad
   sense, to take away the firmness of; to weaken.

     Thou would'st have . . . melted down thy youth. Shak.

     For pity melts the mind to love. Dryden.

   Syn. -- To liquefy; fuse; thaw; mollify; soften.


   Melt, v. i.

   1. To be changed from a solid to a liquid state under the influence of
   heat; as, butter and wax melt at moderate temperatures.

   2. To dissolve; as, sugar melts in the mouth.

   3.  Hence: To be softened; to become tender, mild, or gentle; also, to
   be weakened or subdued, as by fear.

     My soul melteth for heaviness. Ps. cxix. 28.

     Melting with tenderness and kind compassion. Shak.

   4. To lose distinct form or outline; to blend.

     The  soft,  green,  rounded  hills,  with  their  flowing outlines,
     overlapping and melting into each other. J. C. Shairp.

   5.  To  disappear  by being dispersed or dissipated; as, the fog melts
   away. Shak.


   Melt"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being melted.


   Melt"er (?), One who, or that which, melts.


   Melt"ing,  n. Liquefaction; the act of causing (something) to melt, or
   the  process  of becoming melted. Melting point (Chem.), the degree of
   temperature at which a solid substance melts or fuses; as, the melting
   point  of  ice  is  0°  Centigrade  or 32° Fahr., that of urea is 132°
   Centigrade.  --  Melting  pot, a vessel in which anything is melted; a


   Melt"ing  a.  Causing  to  melt; becoming melted; -- used literally or
   figuratively; as, a melting heat; a melting appeal; a melting mood. --
   Melt"ing*ly, adv.


   Mel"ton  (?),  [Etymol.  uncertain.] A kind of stout woolen cloth with
   unfinished  face  and  without  raised  nap.  A commoner variety has a
   cotton warp.


   Mem"ber  (?), v. t. [See Remember.] To remember; to cause to remember;
   to mention. [Obs.]


   Mem"ber,  n.  [OE.  membre,  F. membre, fr. L. membrum; cf. Goth. mimz
   flesh, Skr. mamsa.]

   1.  (Anat.)  A  part  of  an  animal  capable of performing a distinct
   office; an organ; a limb.

     We have many members in one body, and all members have not the same
     office. Rom. xii. 4.

   2. Hence, a part of a whole; an independent constituent of a body; as:
   (a) A part of a discourse or of a period or sentence; a clause; a part
   of  a  verse.  (b)  (Math.)  Either  of  the two parts of an algebraic
   equation,  connected  by  the  sign  of  equality.  (c)  (Engin.)  Any
   essential  part,  as  a  post,  tie  rod,  strut,  etc.,  of  a framed
   structure,  as  a  bridge  truss.  (d) (Arch.) Any part of a building,
   whether  constructional,  as  a  pier, column, lintel, or the like, or
   decorative, as a molding, or group of moldings. (e) One of the persons
   composing  a  society,  community,  or the like; an individual forming
   part of an association; as, a member of the society of Friends.
   Compression  member,  Tension  member  (Engin.),  a  member, as a rod,
   brace,   etc.,   which   is   subjected  to  compression  or  tension,


   Mem"bered (?), a.

   1. Having limbs; -- chiefly used in composition.

   2.  (Her.)  Having legs of a different tincture from that of the body;
   -- said of a bird in heraldic representations.


   Mem"ber*ship, n.

   1. The state of being a member.

   2. The collective body of members, as of a society.


   Mem"bral (?), a. (Anat.) Relating to a member.


   Mem`bra*na"ceous (?), a. [L. membranaceus.]

   1. Same as Membranous. Arbuthnot.

   2.  (Bot.) Thin and rather soft or pliable, as the leaves of the rose,
   peach tree, and aspen poplar.


   Mem"brane  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  L.  membrana  the skin that covers the
   separate  members  of the body, fr. L. membrum. See Member.] (Anat.) A
   thin  layer or fold of tissue, usually supported by a fibrous network,
   serving  to  cover  or line some part or organ, and often secreting or
   absorbing certain fluids.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e te rm is also often applied to the thin, expanded
     parts, of various texture, both in animals and vegetables.

   Adventitious   membrane,  a  membrane  connecting  parts  not  usually
   connected, or of a different texture from the ordinary connection; as,
   the  membrane of a cicatrix. -- Jacob's membrane. See under Retina. --
   Mucous  membranes  (Anat.), the membranes lining passages and cavities
   which  communicate with the exterior, as well as ducts and receptacles
   of   secretion,   and  habitually  secreting  mucus.  --  Schneiderian
   membrane.  (Anat.) See Schneiderian. -- Serous membranes (Anat.) , the
   membranes,  like  the  peritoneum  and  pleura, which line, or lie in,
   cavities having no obvious outlet, and secrete a serous fluid.


   Mem*bra"ne*ous (?), a. [L. membraneus of parchment.] See Membranous.


   Mem`bra*nif"er*ous  (?),  a. [Membrane + -ferous.] Having or producing


   Mem*bra"ni*form  (?),  a.  [Membrane  +  -form: cf. F. membraniforme.]
   Having the form of a membrane or of parchment.


   Mem`bra*nol"o*gy  (?), n. [Membrane + -logy.] The science which treats
   of membranes.


   Mem"bra*nous (?), a. [Cf. F. membraneux.]

   1.  Pertaining  to,  consisting  of,  or  resembling,  membrane; as, a
   membranous covering or lining.

   2. (Bot.) Membranaceous.
   Membranous croup (Med.), true croup. See Croup.


   Me*men"to (?), n.; pl. Mementos (#). [L., remember, be mindful, imper.
   of  meminisse to remember. See Mention.] A hint, suggestion, token, or
   memorial, to awaken memory; that which reminds or recalls to memory; a

     Seasonable mementos may be useful. Bacon.


   Me*min"na (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A small deerlet, or chevrotain, of India.


   Mem"non  (?),  n.  [L., from Gr. (Antiq.) A celebrated Egyptian statue
   near Thebes, said to have the property of emitting a harplike sound at

                            Memoir, or pl. Memoirs

   Mem"oir  (?),  or pl. Mem"oirs (?), n. [F. m\'82moire, m., memorandum,
   fr. m\'82moire, f., memory, L. memoria. See Memory.]

   1. A memorial account; a history composed from personal experience and
   memory;  an  account  of  transactions  or  events (usually written in
   familiar style) as they are remembered by the writer. See History, 2.

   2.  A  memorial  of  any  individual;  a biography; often, a biography
   written without special regard to method and completeness.

   3.  An  account  of something deemed noteworthy; an essay; a record of
   investigations  of  any  subject;  the  journals  and proceedings of a


   Mem"oir*ist, n. A writer of memoirs.


   Mem`o*ra*bil"i*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [L.,  fr.  memorabilis memorable. See
   Memorable.]  Things  remarkable  and  worthy of remembrance or record;
   also, the record of them.


   Mem`o*ra*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being memorable.


   Mem"o*ra*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  memorabilis,  fr.  memorare  to  bring to
   remembrance,  fr.  memor  mindful,  remembering.  See  Memory, and cf.
   Memorabilia.]  Worthy  to be remembered; very important or remarkable.
   -- Mem"o*ra*ble*ness, n. -- Mem"o*ra*bly, adv.

     Surviving  fame  to  gain, Buy tombs, by books, by memorable deeds.
     Sir J. Davies.


   Mem`o*ran"dum  (?),  n.;  pl.  E.  Memorandums, L. Memoranda (#). [L.,
   something  to  be  remembered,  neut.  of memorandus, fut. pass. p. of
   memorare. See Memorable.]

   1.  A  record  of something which it is desired to remember; a note to
   help the memory.

     I . . . entered a memorandum in my pocketbook. Guardian.

     I  wish  you  would, as opportunity offers, make memorandums of the
     regulations of the academies. Sir J. Reynolds.

   2.  (Law)  A brief or informal note in writing of some transaction, or
   an  outline  of  an  intended  instrument; an instrument drawn up in a
   brief and compendious form.
   Memorandum  check, a check given as an acknowledgment of indebtedness,
   but  with  the  understanding  that  it  will not be presented at bank
   unless  the maker fails to take it up on the day the debt becomes due.
   It usually has Mem. written on its face.
   Mem"o*rate   (?),  v.  t.  [L.  memoratus,  p.  p.  of  memorare.  See
   Memorable.] To commemorate. [Obs.] 


   Mem"o*ra*tive  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. m\'82moratif.] Commemorative. [Obs.]


   Me*mo"ri*a  (?), n. [L.] Memory. Memoria technica, technical memory; a
   contrivance for aiding the memory.


   Me*mo"ri*al  (?),  a. [F. m\'82morial, L. memorialis, fr. memoria. See

   1.  Serving  to  preserve  remembrance;  commemorative; as, a memorial

     There high in air, memorial of my name, Fix the smooth oar, and bid
     me live to fame. Pope.

   2. Contained in memory; as, a memorial possession.

   3. Mnemonic; assisting the memory.

     This  succession  of  Aspirate, Soft, and Hard, may be expressed by
     the memorial word ASH. Skeat.

   Memorial Day. Same as Decoration Day. [U.S.]


   Me*mo"ri*al, n. [Cf. F. m\'82morial.]

   1.  Anything  intended  to  preserve  the memory of a person or event;
   something  which  serves  to  keep  something  else  in remembrance; a
   monument. Macaulay.

     Churches  have  names;  some as memorials of peace, some of wisdom,
     some in memory of the Trinity itself. Hooker.

   2. A memorandum; a record. [Obs. or R.] Hayward.

   3.  A written representation of facts, addressed to the government, or
   to some branch of it, or to a society, etc., -- often accompanied with
   a petition.

   4. Memory; remembrance. [Obs.]

     Precious is the memorial of the just. Evelyn.

   5.  (Diplomacy)  A  species  of  informal  state  paper,  much used in


   Me*mo"ri*al*ist,  n. [Cf. F. m\'82morialiste.] One who writes or signs
   a memorial.


   Me*mo"ri*al*ize  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Memorialized (?); p. pr. &
   vb.  n.  Memorializing  (?).] To address or petition by a memorial; to
   present a memorial to; as, to memorialize the legislature. T. Hook.


   Me*mo"ri*al*i`zer (?), n. One who petitions by a memorial. T. Hook.


   Mem"o*rist  (?),  n. [See Memorize.] One who, or that which, causes to
   be remembered. [Obs.]


   Me*mor"i*ter  (?), adv. [L., fr. memor mindful. See Memorable.] By, or
   from, memory.


   Mem"o*rize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Memorized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Memorizing (?).] [See Memory.]

   1. To cause to be remembered ; hence, to record. [Obs.]

     They neglect to memorize their conquest. Spenser.

     They meant to . . . memorize another Golgotha. Shak.

   2. To commit to memory; to learn by heart.


   Mem"o*ry  (?),  n.;  pl.  Memories  (#).  [OE.  memorie,  OF. memoire,
   memorie, F. m\'82moire, L. memoria, fr. memor mindful; cf. mora delay.
   Cf. Demur, Martyr, Memoir, Remember.]

   1.  The  faculty  of  the  mind  by  which it retains the knowledge of
   previous thoughts, impressions, or events.

     Memory is the purveyor of reason. Rambler.

   2.  The  reach  and positiveness with which a person can remember; the
   strength  and trustworthiness of one's power to reach and represent or
   to recall the past; as, his memory was never wrong.

   3.  The actual and distinct retention and recognition of past ideas in
   the  mind;  remembrance;  as,  in memory of youth; memories of foreign

   4.  The  time  within  which past events can be or are remembered; as,
   within the memory of man.

     And what, before thy memory, was done From the begining. Milton.

   5. Something, or an aggregate of things, remembered; hence, character,
   conduct,  etc.,  as  preserved  in remembrance, history, or tradition;
   posthumous fame; as, the war became only a memory.

     The memory of the just is blessed. Prov. x. 7.

     That ever-living man of memory, Henry the Fifth. Shak.

     The  Nonconformists  .  .  .  have, as a body, always venerated her
     [Elizabeth's] memory. Macaulay.

   6. A memorial. [Obs.]

     These weeds are memories of those worser hours. Shak.

   Syn. -- Memory, Remembrance, Recollection, Reminiscence. Memory is the
   generic   term,   denoting  the  power  by  which  we  reproduce  past
   impressions.  Remembrance  is  an  exercise  of that power when things
   occur  spontaneously  to  our  thoughts.  In  recollection  we  make a
   distinct  effort to collect again, or call back, what we know has been
   formerly in the mind. Reminiscence is intermediate between remembrance
   and   recollection,  being  a  conscious  process  of  recalling  past
   occurrences,  but without that full and varied reference to particular
   things  which  characterizes  recollection. "When an idea again recurs
   without  the  operation of the like object on the external sensory, it
   is  remembrance;  if it be sought after by the mind, and with pain and
   endeavor  found,  and  brought  again  into view, it is recollection."
   Locke. To draw to memory, to put on record; to record. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mem"phi*an  (?), a. Of or pertaining to the ancient city of Memphis in
   Egypt; hence, Egyptian; as, Memphian darkness.


   Men (?), n., pl. of Man.


   Men,  pron.  [OE. me, men. "Not the plural of man, but a weakened form
   of  the  word  man itself." Skeat.] A man; one; -- used with a verb in
   the singular, and corresponding to the present indefinite one or they.
   [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

     Men moot give silver to the poure triars. Chaucer.

     A privy thief, men clepeth death. Chaucer.


   Me*nac"can*ite (?), n. [From Menaccan, in Cornwall, where it was first
   found.] (Min.) An iron-black or steel-gray mineral, consisting chiefly
   of the oxides of iron and titanium. It is commonly massive, but occurs
   also  in  rhombohedral  crystals.  Called  also  titanic iron ore, and


   Men"ace  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  L. minaciae threats, menaces, fr. minax,
   -acis,  projecting, threatening, minae projecting points or pinnacles,
   threats.  Cf.  Amenable,  Demean,  Imminent, Minatory.] The show of an
   intention  to  inflict  evil; a threat or threatening; indication of a
   probable evil or catastrophe to come.

     His (the pope's) commands, his rebukes, his menaces. Milman.

     The dark menace of the distant war. Dryden.

   Page 912


   Men"ace  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Menaced (\'best); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Menacing (?).] [OF. menacier, F. menacer. See Menace, n.]

   1.  To  express  or  show  an  intention  to inflict, or to hold out a
   prospect  of  inflicting, evil or injury upon; to threaten; -- usually
   followed  by  with before the harm threatened; as, to menace a country
   with war.

     My master . . . did menace me with death. Shak.

   2. To threaten, as an evil to be inflicted.

     By oath he menaced Revenge upon the cardinal. Shak.


   Men"ace,  v.  i.  To  act in threatening manner; to wear a threatening

     Who ever knew the heavens menace so? Shak.


   Men"a*cer (?), n. One who menaces.


   Men"a*cing*ly, adv. In a threatening manner.


   M\'82`nage" (?), n. See Manage.


   M\'82`nage"  (?),  n.  [See  Menagerie.]  A  collection  of animals; a
   menagerie. [Obs.] Addison.


   Men*ag"er*ie  (?),  n. [F. m\'82nagerie, fr. m\'82nager to keep house,
   m\'82nage household. See Menial, Mansion.]

   1. A piace where animals are kept and trained.

   2. A collection of wild or exotic animals, kept for exhibition.


   Men"a*gogue (?), n. [F. m\'82nagogue, fr. Gr. (Med.) Emmenagogue.


   Me*na"ion  (?), n.; pl. Menaia (-y\'86). [NL., from Gr. (Eccl.) A work
   of twelve volumes, each containing the offices in the Greek Church for
   a month; also, each volume of the same. Shipley.

                                Menald, Menild

   Men"ald (?), Men"ild (?), a. Covered with spots; speckled; variegated.


   Mend  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Mended; p. pr. & vb. n. Mending.]
   [Abbrev. fr. amend. See Amend.]

   1.  To  repair, as anything that is torn, broken, defaced, decayed, or
   the  like;  to  restore  from partial decay, injury, or defacement; to
   patch  up; to put in shape or order again; to re-create; as, to mend a
   garment or a machine.

   2.  To  alter  for  the  better;  to  set  right; to reform; hence, to
   quicken; as, to mend one's manners or pace.

     The  best  service they could do the state was to mend the lives of
     the persons who composed it. Sir W. Temple.

   3. To help, to advance, to further; to add to.

     Though  in  some  lands the grass is but short, yet it mends garden
     herbs and fruit. Mortimer.

     You mend the jewel by the wearing it. Shak.

   Syn.  --  To  improve;  help;  better; emend; amend; correct; rectify;


   Mend,  v.  i.  To grow better; to advance to a better state; to become
   improved. Shak.


   Mend"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being mended.


   Men*da"cious (?), a. [L. mendax, -acis, lying, cf. mentiri to lie.]

   1. Given to deception or falsehood; lying; as, a mendacious person.

   2.   False;   counterfeit;  containing  falsehood;  as,  a  mendacious
   statement. -- Men*da"cious*ly, adv. -- Men*da"cious*ness, n.


   Men*dac"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Mendacities (#). [L. mendacitas.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  mendacious;  a habit of lying.

   2.  A falsehood; a lie. Sir T. Browne. Syn. -- Lying; deceit; untruth;


   Mend"er (?), n. One who mends or repairs.


   Men"di*ant (?), n. See Mendinant. [Obs.]


   Men"di*can*cy  (?),  n.  The  condition  of  being mendicant; beggary;
   begging. Burke.


   Men"di*cant (?), a. [L. mendicans, -antis, p. pr. of mendicare to beg,
   fr. mendicus beggar, indigent.] Practicing beggary; begging; living on
   alms;  as,  mendicant  friars.  Mendicant  orders (R. C. Ch.), certain
   monastic orders which are forbidden to acquire landed property and are
   required   to   be  supported  by  alms,  esp.  the  Franciscans,  the
   Dominicans, the Carmelites, and the Augustinians.


   Men"di*cant,  n.  A beggar; esp., one who makes a business of begging;
   specifically, a begging friar.


   Men"di*cate (?), v. t.& i. [L. mendicatus, p. p. of mendicare to beg.]
   To beg. [R.] Johnson.


   Men`di*ca"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  or  practice  of begging; beggary;
   mendicancy. Sir T. Browne.


   Men*dic"i*ty   (?),  n.  [L.  mendicitas:  cf.  F.  mendicit\'82.  See
   Mendicant.] The practice of begging; the life of a beggar; mendicancy.
   Rom. of R.


   Men"di*nant (?), n. A mendicant or begging friar. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mend"ment (?), n. Amendment. [Obs.]


   Men"dole (?), n. [Cf. F. mendol, mendole.] (Zo\'94l.) The cackerel.


   Men"dre*gal (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Medregal.


   Mends (?), n. See Amends. [Obs.] Shak.


   Menge  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  Mente,  Meinte;  p.  p. Ment, Meint.] [See
   Mingle.] To mix. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Men*ha"den  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) An American marine fish of the Herring
   familt  (Brevoortia  tyrannus),  chiefly valuable for its oil and as a
   component  of  fertilizers;  --  called  also  mossbunker,  bony fish,
   chebog, pogy, hardhead, whitefish, etc.


   Men"hir  (?),  n.  [F. Armor. men stone + hir high.] A large stone set
   upright  in  olden  times  as a memorial or monument. Many, of unknown
   date, are found in Brittany and throughout Northern Europe.


   Men"ial  (?),  a.  [OE.  meneal,  fr.  meine,  maine,  household,  OF.
   maisni\'82e,  maisnie,  LL. mansionaticum. See Mansion, and cf. Meine,
   n., Meiny.]

   1.  Belonging  to  a  retinue or train of servants; performing servile
   office; serving.

     Two menial dogs before their master pressed. Dryden.

   2. Pertaining to servants, esp. domestic servants; servile; low; mean.
   " Menial offices." Swift.


   Men"ial, n.

   1.  A  domestic  servant  or  retainer,  esp.  one of humble rank; one
   employed in low or servile offices.

   2. A person of a servile character or disposition.

                            M\'82ni\'8are's disease

   M\'82`ni\'8are's"  dis*ease"  (?).  (Med.)  A disease characterized by
   deafness  and  vertigo, resulting in inco\'94rdination of movement. It
   is  supposed  to  depend  upon  a morbid condition of the semicircular
   canals  of  the  internal  ear.  Named  after  M\'82ni\'8are, a French


   Men"i*lite  (?),  n. [F. m\'82nilite; -- so called because it is found
   at M\'82nilmontant, near Paris.] (Min.) See Opal.


   Me*nin"ge*al (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the meninges.


   Me*nin"ges  (?),  n.  pl.;  sing.  Meninx (. [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.) The
   three membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord; the pia mater,
   dura mater, and arachnoid membrane.


   Men`in*gi"tis   (?),   n.   [NL.  See  Meninges,  and  -itis.]  (Med.)
   Inflammation   of   the   membranes  of  the  brain  or  spinal  cord.
   Cerebro-spinal meningitis. See under Cerebro-spinal.


   Me*nis"cal (?), a. Pertaining to, or having the form of, a meniscus.


   Me*nis"coid   (?),  a.  [Meniscus  +  -oid.]  Concavo-convex,  like  a


   Me*nis"cus  (?), n.; pl. L. Menisci (-s\'c6), E. Meniscuses (#). [NL.,
   from Gr. mh`nh the moon.]

   1. A crescent.

   2. (Opt.) A lens convex on one side and concave on the other.

   3. (Anat.) An interarticular synovial cartilage or membrane; esp., one
   of  the  intervertebral  synovial disks in some parts of the vertebral
   column of birds.
   Converging meniscus, Diverging meniscus. See Lens.


   Men`i*sper*ma"ceous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  mh`nh  the  moon + spe`rma seed.]
   (Bot.)  Pertaining  to  a natural order (Menispermace&ae;) of climbing
   plants of which moonseed (Menispermum) is the type.


   Men`i*sper"mic  (,  a.  Pertaining  to,  or  obtained  from,  moonseed
   (Menispermum),  or  other  plants  of the same family, as the Anamirta


   Men`i*sper"mine  (?), n. [Cf. F. m\'82nispermine.] (Chem.) An alkaloid
   distinct  from  picrotoxin and obtained from the cocculus indicus (the
   fruit of Anamirta Cocculus, formerly Menispermum Cocculus) as a white,
   crystalline, tasteless powder; -- called also menispermina.


   Men"i*ver  (?),  n.  [OF.  menuver, menuveir, menuvair, a grayish fur;
   menu  small  +  vair a kind of fur. See Minute, a., and Vair.] Same as

                             Mennonist, Mennonite

   Men"non*ist  (?),  Men"non*ite  (?),  n.  (Eccl. Hist.) One of a small
   denomination  of Christians, so called from Menno Simons of Friesland,
   their founder. They believe that the New Testament is the only rule of
   faith,  that  there  is  no  original  sin, that infants should not be
   baptized,  and that Christians ought not to take oath, hold office, or
   render military service.

                           Menobranch, Menobranchus

   Men"o*branch  (?),  Men`o*bran"chus (?), n. [NL. menobranchus, fr. Gr.
   (Zo\'94l.)  A large aquatic American salamander of the genus Necturus,
   having permanent external gills.

                             Menologium, Menology

   Men`o*lo"gi*um  (?),  Me*nol"o*gy  (?),  n.;  pl. L. Menologia (#), E.
   Menologies (#). [NL. menologium, fr. Gr. m\'82nologe.]

   1. A register of months. Bp. Stillingfleet.

   2.  (Gr.  Church) A brief calendar of the lives of the saints for each
   day  in the year, or a simple remembrance of those whose lives are not


   Men"o*pause  (?),  n.  [Gr.  Menses.]  (Med.)  The  period  of natural
   cessation of menstruation. See Change of life, under Change.

                              Menopoma, Menopome

   Men`o*po"ma  (?), Men"o*pome (?), n. [NL. menopoma, fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.)
   The hellbender.


   Men`or*rha"gi*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) (a) Profuse menstruation.
   (b) Any profuse bleeding from the uterus; Metrorrhagia.


   Me*nos"ta*sis  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. mh`n month + 'istan`nai to stop.]
   (Med.) Stoppage of the mences.


   Men`os*ta"tion (?), n. (Med.) Same as Menostasis.


   Men"ow (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A minnow.


   Men"-pleas`er  (?), n. One whose motive is to please men or the world,
   rather than God. Eph. vi. 6.


   Men"sal  (?),  a.  [L.  mensalis,  fr.  mensa table.] Belonging to the
   table; transacted at table; as, mensa conversation.


   Men"sal (?), a. [L. mensis month.] Occurring once in a month; monthly.


   Mense  (?),  n.  [OE.  menske,  AS.  mennisc  human,  man.  See  Man.]
   Manliness;  dignity;  comeliness;  civility.  [Prov.  Eng. & Scot.] --
   Mense"ful (#), a. -- Mense"less, a.


   Mense, v. t. To grace. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]


   Men"ses  (?),  n.  pl.  [L.  mensis  month, pl. menses months, and the
   monthly  courses  of  women.  Cf.  Month.]  (Med.)  The  catamenial or
   menstrual discharge, a periodic flow of blood or bloody fluid from the
   uterus or female generative organs.


   Men"stru*al   (?),   a.   [L.   menstrualis:  cf.  F.  menstruel.  See

   1.  Recurring  once a month; monthly; gone through in a month; as, the
   menstrual  revolution  of the moon; pertaining to monthly changes; as,
   the menstrual equation of the sun's place.

   2.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  menses; as, menstrual discharges; the
   menstrual period.

   3. Of or pertaining to a menstruum. Bacon.


   Men"stru*ant  (?),  a.  [L. menstruans, p. pr. of menstruare to have a
   monthly  term,  fr.  menstruus.  See  Menstruous.]  Subject to monthly
   flowing or menses.


   Men"stru*ate (?), a. Menstruous. [Obs.]


   Men"stru*ate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Menstruated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Menstruating  (?).]  To  discharge  the menses; to have the catamenial


   Men`stru*a"tion  (?),  n. The discharge of the menses; also, the state
   or the period of menstruating.


   Men"strue  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. menstrues. See Menstruous.] The menstrual
   flux; menses. [Obs.]


   Men"stru*ous (?), a. [L. menstruus, fr. mensis month. Cf. Menstruum.]

   1. Having the monthly flow or discharge; menstruating.

   2. Of or pertaining tj the monthly flow; catamenial.


   Men"stru*um  (?),  n.;  pl.  E.  Menstruums  (#), L. Menstrua (#). [L.
   menstruus.  See  Menstruous.]  Any  substance  which dissolves a solid
   body; a solvent.

     The proper menstruum to dissolve metal. Bacon.

     All liquors are called menstruums which are used as dissolvents, or
     to  extract  the  virtues  of ingredients by infusion or decoction.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e use is supposed to have originated in some notion
     of  the  old  chemists  about  the  influence  of  the  moon in the
     preparation of dissolvents.



   Men`su*ra*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. [Cf. F. mensurabilit\'82.] The quality of
   being mensurable.


   Men"su*ra*ble  (?), a. [L. mensurabilis, fr. mensurare to measure, fr.
   mensura  measure: cf. F. mensurable. See Measurable, Measure.] Capable
   of being measured; measurable.


   Men"su*ra*ble*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being mensurable;


   Men"su*ral (?), a. [L. mensuralis.] Of or pertaining to measure.


   Men"su*rate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  mensuratus,  p.  p.  of mensurare. See
   Measure, v.] To measure. [Obs.]


   Men`su*ra"tion (?), n. [L. mensuratio : cf. F. mensuration.]

   1. The act, process, or art, of measuring.

   2.  That  branch of applied geometry which gives rules for finding the
   length of lines, the areas of surfaces, or the volumes of solids, from
   certain simple data of lines and angles.


   -ment (?), [F. -ment, L. -mentum.] A suffix denoting that which does a
   thing;  an  act  or process; the result of an act or process; state or
   condition;  as,  aliment,  that  which nourishes, ornament, increment;
   fragment,   piece  broken,  segment;  abridgment,  act  of  abridging,
   imprisonment, movement, adjournment; amazement, state of being amazed,


   Ment (?), p. p. of Menge.


   Men"ta*gra (?), n. [NL., fr. L. mentum chin + Gr. (Med.) Sycosis.


   Men"tal  (?), a. [L. mentum the chin.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the
   chin; genian; as, the mental nerve; the mental region.


   Men"tal, n. (Zo\'94l.) A plate or scale covering the mentum or chin of
   a fish or reptile.


   Men"tal,  a. [F., fr. L. mentalis, fr. mens, mentis, the mind; akin to
   E.  mind.  See  Mind.] Of or pertaining to the mind; intellectual; as,
   mental faculties; mental operations, conditions, or exercise.

     What a mental power This eye shoots forth! Shak.

   Mental alienation, insanity. -- Mental arithmetic, the art or practice
   of  solving  arithmetical  problems by mental processes, unassisted by
   written figures.


   Men*tal"i*ty  (?),  n.  Quality  or  state  of  mind.  "The  same hard
   mentality." Emerson.


   Men"tal*ly   (?),   adv.  In  the  mind;  in  thought  or  meditation;
   intellectually; in idea.


   Men"tha  (?),  n. [L. See Mint the plant.] (Bot.) A widely distributed
   genus of fragrant herbs, including the peppermint, spearmint, etc. The
   plants   have  small  flowers,  usually  arranged  in  dense  axillary


   Men"thene  (?),  n.  [Menthol  +  terpene.] (Chem.) A colorless liquid
   hydrocarbon  resembling  oil  of  turpentine,  obtained by dehydrating
   menthol. It has an agreeable odor and a cooling taste.


   Men"thol  (?),  n.  [Mentha  +  -ol.]  (Chem.)  A  white, crystalline,
   aromatic   substance   resembling   camphor,  extracted  from  oil  of
   peppermint  (Mentha);  --  called  also  mint  camphor  or  peppermint


   Men"thyl  (?),  n.  [Mentha + -yl.] (Chem.) A compound radical forming
   the base of menthol.


   Men`ti*cul"tur*al  (?), a. Of or pertaining to mental culture; serving
   to improve or strengthen the mind. [R.]


   Men"tion  (?),  n. [OE. mencioun, F. mention, L. mentio, from the root
   of meminisse to remember. See Mind.] A speaking or notice of anything,
   -- usually in a brief or cursory manner. Used especially in the phrase
   to make mention of.

     I will make mention of thy righteousness. Ps. lxxi. 16.

     And sleep in dull, cold marble, where no mention Of me more must be
     heard of. Shak.

   Page 913


   Men"tion  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Mentioned (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Mentioning.] [Cf. F. mentionner.] To make mention of; to speak briefly
   of; to name.

     I will mention the loving-kindnesses of the Lord. Is. lxiii. 7.


   Men"tion*a*ble (?), a. Fit to be mentioned.


   Men`to*meck*e"li*an  (?),  a.  [1st mental + Meckelian.] (Anat.) Of or
   pertaining  to  the  chin  and  lower jaw. -- n. The bone or cartilage
   forming  the anterior extremity of the lower jaw in some adult animals
   and the young of others.


   Men"tor  (?),  n.  [From  Mentor,  the  counselor  of  Telemachus, Gr.
   Monitor.] A wise and faithful counselor or monitor.


   Men*to"ri*al (?), a. [From Mentor.] Containing advice or admonition.


   Men"tum  (?),  n. [L., chin.] (Zo\'94l.) The front median plate of the
   labium in insects. See Labium.


   Me*nu"  (?),  n.  [F.,  slender,  thin,  minute.  See 4th Minute.] The
   details of a banquet; a bill of fare.


   Me"nuse (?), v. i. See Amenuse. [Obs.]


   Me*ow" (?), v. i. & n. See 6th and 7th Mew.


   Meph`is*to*phe"li*an  (?  OR  ?), a. Pertaining to, or resembling, the
   devil   Mephistopheles,   "a   crafty,  scoffing,  relentless  fiend;"
   devilish; crafty.

                             Mephitic, Mephitical

   Me*phit"ic  (?),  Me*phit"ic*al  (?),  a. [L. mephiticus, fr. mephitis
   mephitis: cf. F. m\'82phitique.]

   1.   Tending   to  destroy  life;  poisonous;  noxious;  as,  mephitic
   exhalations; mephitic regions.

   2. Offensive to the smell; as, mephitic odors.
   Mephitic  air  (Chem.),  carbon  dioxide;  -- so called because of its
   deadly suffocating power. See Carbonic acid, under Carbonic.


   Me*phi"tis (?), n. [L. mephitis : cf. F. m\'82phitis.]

   1.   Noxious,  pestilential,  or  foul  exhalations  from  decomposing
   substances, filth, or other source.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of mammals, including the skunks.


   Meph"i*tism (?), n. Same as Mephitis, 1.


   Me*ra"cious  (?),  a.  [L.  meracus,  fr.  merus pure, inmixed.] Being
   without mixture or adulteration; hence, strong; racy. [Obs.]


   Mer"ca*ble (?), a. [L. mercabilis, fr. mercari to trade, traffic, buy.
   See Merchant.] Capable of being bought or sold. [Obs.]


   Mer"can*tile  (?;  277),  a.  [F.  mercantile,  It. mercantile, fr. L.
   mercans,  -antis,  p.  pr. of mercari to traffic. See Merchant.] Of or
   pertaining  to  merchants,  or the business of merchants; having to do
   with trade, or the buying and selling of commodities; commercial.

     The  expedition  of  the  Argonauts  was  partly mercantile, partly
     military. Arbuthnot.

   Mercantile agency, an agency for procuring information of the standing
   and credit of merchants in different parts of the country, for the use
   of  dealers  who  sell  to them. -- Mercantile marine, the persons and
   vessels employed in commerce, taken collectively. -- Mercantile paper,
   the  notes  or  acceptances  given  by  merchants for goods bought, or
   received  on  consignment;  drafts  on  merchants  for  goods  sold or
   consigned. McElrath. Syn. -- Mercantile, Commercial. Commercial is the
   wider  term,  being  sometimes  used  to  embrace mercantile. In their
   stricter   use,   commercial  relates  to  the  shipping,  freighting,
   forwarding,  and  other  business  connected  with  the  commerce of a
   country  (whether  external  or  internal),  that  is, the exchange of
   commodities;  while  mercantile applies to the sale of merchandise and
   goods  when  brought  to  market.  As  the two employments are to some
   extent intermingled, the two words are often interchanged.


   Mer*cap"tal  (?),  n.  [Mercaptan  +  aldehyde.]  (Chem.) Any one of a
   series of compounds of mercaptans with aldehydes.


   Mer*cap"tan  (?),  n.  [F., fr. NL. mercurius mercury + L. captans, p.
   pr.  of  captare  to seize, v. intens. fr. capere.] (Chem.) Any one of
   series   of   compounds,   hydrosulphides   of  alcohol  radicals,  in
   composition  resembling  the alcohols, but containing sulphur in place
   of  oxygen,  and  hence  called also the sulphur alcohols. In general,
   they  are  colorless  liquids having a strong, repulsive, garlic odor.
   The name is specifically applied to ethyl mercaptan, C2H5SH. So called
   from its avidity for mercury, and other metals.


   Mer*cap"tide  (?  OR  ?), n. (Chem.) A compound of mercaptan formed by
   replacing  its  sulphur hydrogen by a metal; as, potassium mercaptide,


   Mer"cat  (?),  n. [L. mercatus : cf. It. mercato. See Market.] Market;
   trade. [Obs.] Bp. Sprat.


   Mer`ca*tan"te  (?;  It.  ?),  n. [It. See Merchant.] A foreign trader.
   [Obs.] Shak.

                               Mercator's chart

   Mer*ca"tor's   chart"   (?).  See  under  Chart,  and  see  Mercator's
   projection, under Projection.


   Mer"ca*ture  (?;  135), n. [L. mercatura commerce.] Commerce; traffic;
   trade. [Obs.]


   Merce  (?),  v.  t. [See Amerce.] To subject to fine or amercement; to
   mulct; to amerce. [Obs.]


   Mer`ce*na"ri*a (?), n. [NL. See Mercenary.] (Zo\'94l.) The quahog.


   Mer`ce*na"ri*an (-an), n. A mercenary. [Obs.]


   Mer"ce*na`ri*ly (?), adv. In a mercenary manner.


   Mer"ce*na*ri*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  mercenary;
   venality. Boyle.


   Mer"ce*na*ry   (?),   a.   [OE.  mercenarie,  F.  mercenaire,  fr.  L.
   mercenarius, fr. merces wages, reward. See Mercy.]

   1.  Acting  for reward; serving for pay; paid; hired; hireling; venal;
   as, mercenary soldiers.

   2.  Hence:  Moved  by considerations of pay or profit; greedy of gain;
   sordid; selfish. Shak.

     For  God  forbid I should my papers blot With mercenary lines, with
     servile pen. Daniel.

   Syn. -- See Venal.


   Mer"ce*na*ry (?), n.; pl. Mercenaries (. One who is hired; a hireling;
   especially, a soldier hired into foreign service. Milman.


   Mer"cer  (?), n. [F. mercier, fr. L. merx, mercis, wares, merchandise.
   See Merchant.] Originally, a dealer in any kind of goods or wares; now
   restricted to a dealer in textile fabrics, as silks or woolens. [Eng.]


   Mer"cer*ship, n. The business of a mercer.


   Mer"cer*y  (?),  n.  [F. mercerie.] The trade of mercers; the goods in
   which a mercer deals.


   Mer"chand (?), v. i. [F. marchander. See Merchant.] To traffic. [Obs.]


   Mer"chan*di`sa*ble  (?),  a.  Such  as  can  be used or transferred as


   Mer"chan*dise (?), n. [F. marchandise, OF. marcheandise.]

   1.  The  objects  of  commerce;  whatever is usually bought or sold in
   trade, or market, or by merchants; wares; goods; commodities. Spenser.

   2. The act or business of trading; trade; traffic.


   Mer"chan*dise,  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Merchandised (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Merchandising (?).] To trade; to carry on commerce. Bacon.


   Mer"chan*dise, v. t. To make merchandise of; to buy and sell. "Love is
   merchandised." Shak.


   Mer"chan*di`ser (?), n. A trader. Bunyan.


   Mer"chand*ry  (?),  n.  [See  Merchant.]  Trade;  commerce. [Obs.] Bp.


   Mer"chant  (?),  n. [OE. marchant, OF. marcheant, F. marchand, fr. LL.
   mercatans,  -antis,  p.  pr.  of mercatare to negotiate, L. mercari to
   traffic,   fr.  merx,  mercis,  wares.  See  Market,  Merit,  and  cf.

   1.  One  who  traffics  on  a  large  scale,  especially  with foreign
   countries; a trafficker; a trader.

     Others, like merchants, venture trade abroad. Shak.

   2. A trading vessel; a merchantman. [Obs.] Shak.

   3.  One who keeps a store or shop for the sale of goods; a shopkeeper.
   [U. S. & Scot.]


   Mer"chant, a. Of, pertaining to, or employed in, trade or merchandise;
   as,  the  merchant  service.  Merchant  bar,  Merchant  iron OR steel,
   certain  common  sizes  of  wrought  iron  and steel bars. -- Merchant
   service,  the  mercantile  marine  of  a country. Am. Cyc. -- Merchant
   ship,  a  ship  employed in commerce. -- Merchant tailor, a tailor who
   keeps and sells materials for the garments which he makes.


   Mer"chant, v. i. To be a merchant; to trade. [Obs.]


   Mer"chant*a*ble  (?),  a.  Fit  for market; such as is usually sold in
   market,  or  such  as  will bring the ordinary price; as, merchantable
   wheat;  sometimes,  a  technical  designation for a particular kind or


   Mer"chant*ly,  a.  Merchantlike; suitable to the character or business
   of a merchant. [Obs.] Gauden.


   Mer"chant*man (?), n.; pl. Merchantmen (.

   1. A merchant. [Obs.] Matt. xiii. 45.

   2.  A  trading vessel; a ship employed in the transportation of goods,
   as, distinguished from a man-of-war.


   Mer"chant*ry (?), n.

   1.  The  body of merchants taken collectively; as, the merchantry of a

   2. The business of a merchant; merchandise. Walpole.


   Mer"ci*a*ble (?), a. [OF.] Merciful. [Obs.]


   Mer"ci*ful (?), a. [Mercy + -ful.]

   1.  Full  of  mercy;  having or exercising mercy; disposed to pity and
   spare offenders; unwilling to punish.

     The Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious. Ex. xxxiv. 6.

     Be merciful, great duke, to men of mold. Shak.

   2. Unwilling to give pain; compassionate.

     A merciful man will be merciful to his beast. Old Proverb.

   Syn.  -- Compassionate; tender; humane; gracious; kind; mild; clement;
   benignant. -- Mer"ci*ful*ly, adv. -- Mer"ci*ful*ness, n.


   Mer"ci*fy (?), v. t. To pity. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Mer"ci*less,  a.  Destitute  of  mercy;  cruel;  unsparing; -- said of
   animate  beings,  and  also,  figuratively, of things; as, a merciless
   tyrant; merciless waves.

     The foe is merciless, and will not pity. Shak.

   Syn. -- Cruel; unmerciful; remorseless; ruthless; pitiless; barbarous;
   savage. -- Mer"ci*less*ly, adv. -- Mer"ci*less*ness, n.


   Mer`cur*am*mo"ni*um  (?),  n. [Mercuric + ammonium.] (Chem.) A radical
   regarded as derived from ammonium by the substitution of mercury for a
   portion of the hydrogen.


   Mer*cu"ri*al  (?),  a.  [L. mercurialis, fr. Mercurius Mercury: cf. F.

   1.  Having  the  qualities fabled to belong to the god Mercury; swift;
   active;  sprightly;  fickle;  volatile;  changeable;  as,  a mercurial
   youth; a mercurial temperament.

     A mercurial man Who fluttered over all things like a fan. Byron.

   2.  Having  the  form  or  image  of  Mercury;  --  applied to ancient
   guideposts. [Obs.] Chillingworth.

   3.   Of  or  pertaining  to  Mercury  as  the  god  of  trade;  hence,
   money-making; crafty.

     The mercurial wand of commerce. J. Q. Adams.

   4.  Of  or  pertaining  to,  or  containing,  mercury;  as,  mercurial
   preparations, barometer. See Mercury, 2.

   5. (Med.) Caused by the use of mercury; as, mercurial sore mouth.


   Mer*cu"ri*al, n.

   1. A person having mercurial qualities. Bacon.

   2. (Med.) A preparation containing mercury.


   Mer*cu"ri*al*ist, n.

   1.  One  under  the  influence  of  Mercury; one resembling Mercury in

   2.  (Med.)  A physician who uses much mercury, in any of its forms, in
   his practice.


   Mer*cu"ri*al*ize  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mercurialized (?); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Mercurializing (?).]

   1. (Med.) To affect with mercury.

   2.  (Photography)  To  treat  with  mercury; to expose to the vapor of


   Mer*cu"ri*al*ize,  v.  i.  To  be sprightly, fantastic, or capricious.


   Mer*cu"ri*al*ly, adv. In a mercurial manner.


   Mer*cu"ric  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Of,  pertaining  to,  or  derived from,
   mercury;  containing  mercury;  --  said of those compounds of mercury
   into  which  this  element  enters  in its lowest proportion. Mercuric
   chloride, corrosive sublimate. See Corrosive.


   Mer*cu`ri*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. mercurification. See Mercurify.]

   1.  (Metal.) The process or operation of obtaining the mercury, in its
   fluid form, from mercuric minerals.

   2.  (Chem.)  The  act or process of compounding, or the state of being
   compounded, with mercury. [R.]


   Mer*cu"ri*fy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mercurified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Mercurifying (?).] [Mercury + -fy.]

   1.  To obtain mercury from, as mercuric minerals, which may be done by
   any  application  of  intense  heat  that expels the mercury in fumes,
   which are afterward condensed. [R.]

   2.  To  combine or mingle mercury with; to impregnate with mercury; to
   mercurialize. [R.]


   Mer"cu*rism  (?),  n. A communication of news; an announcement. [Obs.]
   Sir T. Browne.


   Mer*cu"rous  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Of,  pertaining  to,  or derived from,
   mercury;  containing mercury; -- said of those compounds of mercury in
   which  it  is  present  in its highest proportion. Mercurous chloride.
   (Chem.) See Calomel.


   Mer"cu*ry (?), n. [L. Mercurius; akin to merx wares.]

   1.  (Rom.  Myth.)  A Latin god of commerce and gain; -- treated by the
   poets  as  identical  with  the  Greek  Hermes, messenger of the gods,
   conductor of souls to the lower world, and god of eloquence.

   2.  (Chem.)  A  metallic  element  mostly  obtained  by reduction from
   cinnabar,  one  of  its ores. It is a heavy, opaque, glistening liquid
   (commonly   called   quicksilver),   and   is   used   in  barometers,
   thermometers,  ect.  Specific  gravity  13.6. Symbol Hg (Hydrargyrum).
   Atomic weight 199.8. Mercury has a molecule which consists of only one
   atom.  It  was  named  by  the  alchemists  after the god Mercury, and
   designated by his symbol, &mercury;.

     NOTE: &hand; Me rcury fo rms al loys, ca lled am algams, wi th many
     metals,  and  is  thus  used  in  applying tin foil to the backs of
     mirrors,  and  in extracting gold and silver from their ores. It is
     poisonous,  and  is  used  in medicine in the free state as in blue
     pill, and in its compounds as calomel, corrosive sublimate, etc. It
     is  the only metal which is liquid at ordinary temperatures, and it
     solidifies  at  about -39° Centigrade to a soft, malleable, ductile

   3.  (Astron.)  One  of  the planets of the solar system, being the one
   nearest  the  sun,  from  which  its mean distance is about 36,000,000
   miles. Its period is 88 days, and its diameter 3,000 miles.

   4.  A  carrier  of  tidings;  a  newsboy;  a messenger; hence, also, a
   newspaper. Sir J. Stephen. "The monthly Mercuries." Macaulay.

   5.  Sprightly  or  mercurial  quality; spirit; mutability; fickleness.

     He  was  so  full  of  mercury  that  he  could not fix long in any
     friendship, or to any design. Bp. Burnet.

   6.  (Bot.)  A  plant  (Mercurialis  annua),  of the Spurge family, the
   leaves of which are sometimes used for spinach, in Europe.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e na me is  al so applied, in the United States, to
     certain  climbing  plants, some of which are poisonous to the skin,
     esp. to the Rhus Toxicodendron, or poison ivy.

   Dog's   mercury   (Bot.),  Mercurialis  perennis,  a  perennial  plant
   differing  from  M.  annua  by  having  the leaves sessile. -- English
   mercury  (Bot.),  a  kind of goosefoot formerly used as a pot herb; --
   called  Good King Henry. -- Horn mercury (Min.), a mineral chloride of
   mercury, having a semitranslucent, hornlike appearance.


   Mer"cu*ry,  v.  t.  To  wash  with a preparation of mercury. [Obs.] B.


   Mer"cy  (?),  n.;  pl.  Mercies  (#). [OE. merci, F. merci, L. merces,
   mercedis,  hire, pay, reward, LL., equiv. to misericordia pity, mercy.
   L.  merces  is  probmerere  to  deserve,  acquire.  See Merit, and cf.

   1.  Forbearance  to  inflict  harm under circumstances of provocation,
   when  one  has  the power to inflict it; compassionate treatment of an
   offender or adversary; clemency.

     Examples  of  justice  must be made for terror to some; examples of
     mercy for comfort to others. Bacon.

   2. Compassionate treatment of the unfortunate and helpless; sometimes,
   favor, beneficence. Luke x. 37.

   3.  Disposition  to  exercise  compassion  or favor; pity; compassion;
   willingness to spare or to help.

     In whom mercy lacketh and is not founden. Sir T. Elyot.

   4. A blessing regarded as a manifestation of compassion or favor.

     The Father of mercies and the God of all comfort. 2 Cor. i. 3.

   Mercy seat (Bib.), the golden cover or lid of the Ark of the Covenant.
   See  Ark, 2. -- Sisters of Mercy (R. C. Ch.),a religious order founded
   in  Dublin  in  the year 1827. Communities of the same name have since
   been  established  in  various  American  cities.  The duties of those
   belonging   to  the  order  are,  to  attend  lying-in  hospitals,  to
   superintend  the  education  of girls, and protect decent women out of
   employment,  to  visit  prisoners  and the sick, and to attend persons
   condemned  to  death.  --  To  be at the mercy of, to be wholly in the
   power of. Syn. -- See Grace.


   Merd (?), n. [F. merde, L. merda.] Ordure; dung. [Obs.] Burton.


   -mere   (?).   [Gr.  A  combining  form  meaning  part,  portion;  as,
   blastomere, epimere.


   Mere  (?),  n. [Written also mar.] [OE. mere, AS. mere mere, sea; akin
   to  D.  meer lake, OS. meri sea, OHG. meri, mari, G. meer, Icel. marr,
   Goth.  marei, Russ. more, W. mor, Ir. & Gael. muir, L. mare, and perh.
   to  L.  mori  to  die,  and  meaning originally, that which is dead, a
   waste.  Cf.  Mortal,  Marine,  Marsh,  Mermaid, Moor.] A pool or lake.
   Drayton. Tennyson.


   Mere,  n. [Written also meer and mear.] [AS. gem&aemac;re. &root;269.]
   A boundary. Bacon.

   Page 914


   Mere (?), v. t. To divide, limit, or bound. [Obs.]

     Which meared her rule with Africa. Spenser.


   Mere, n. A mare. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mere  (?),  a.  [Superl.  Merest.  The  comparative is rarely or never
   used.] [L. merus.]

   1. Unmixed; pure; entire; absolute; unqualified.

     Then entered they the mere, main sea. Chapman.

     The sorrows of this world would be mere and unmixed. Jer. Taylor.

   2. Only this, and nothing else; such, and no more; simple; bare; as, a
   mere boy; a mere form.

     From  mere success nothing can be concluded in favor of any nation.


   Mere"ly, adv.

   1. Purely; unmixedly; absolutely.

     Ulysses  was  to  force  forth  his  access,  Though  merely naked.

   2. Not otherwise than; simply; barely; only.

     Prize  not  your  life  for  other  ends  Than merely to obige your
     friends. Swift.

   Syn. -- Solely; simply; purely; barely; scarcely.


   Me*ren"chy*ma  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  -enchyma, as in parenchyma.]
   (Bot.) Tissue composed of spheroidal cells.


   Meres"man  (?),  n.  An  officer  who  ascertains meres or boundaries.


   Mere"stead  (?), n. [Mere boundary + stead place.] The land within the
   boundaries of a farm; a farmstead or farm. [Archaic.] Longfellow.


   Mere"stone`  (?),  n.  A  stone  designating  a  limit  or boundary; a
   landmark. Bacon.


   Mer`e*tri"cious  (?),  a.  [L.  meretricius,  from  meretrix, -icis, a
   prostitute,  lit.,  one  who  earns money, i. e., by prostitution, fr.
   merere to earn, gain. See Merit.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  prostitutes;  having  to  do with harlots;
   lustful; as, meretricious traffic.

   2.  Resembling  the  arts of a harlot; alluring by false show; gaudily
   and   deceitfully   ornamental;  tawdry;  as,  meretricious  dress  or
   ornaments. -- Mer`e*tri"cious*ly, adv. -- Mer`e*tri"cious*ness, n.


   Mer*gan"ser  (?),  n. [Sp. merg\'a0nsar, fr. mergo a diver (L. mergus,
   fr.  mergere to dip, dive) + \'a0nsar goose, L. anser.] (Zo\'94l.) Any
   bird of the genus Merganser, and allied genera. They are allied to the
   ducks, but have a sharply serrated bill.

     NOTE: &hand; Th  e re  d-breasted me rganser (M erganser se rrator)
     inhabits  both  hemispheres.  It is called also sawbill, harle, and
     sheldrake.  The  American merganser (M. Americanus.) and the hooded
     merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) are well-known species.

   -- White merganser, the smew or white nun.


   Merge  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Merged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Merging
   (?).]  [L.  mergere, mersum. Cf. Emerge, Immerse, Marrow.] To cause to
   be swallowed up; to immerse; to sink; to absorb.

     To merge all natural ... sentiment in inordinate vanity. Burke.

     Whig  and  Tory  were  merged  and swallowed up in the transcendent
     duties of patriots. De Quincey.


   Merge, v. i. To be sunk, swallowed up, or lost.

     Native irresolution had merged in stronger motives. I. Taylor.


   Mer"ger (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, merges.

   2.  (Law) An absorption of one estate, or one contract, in another, or
   of a minor offense in a greater.


   Mer"i*carp  (?),  n. [Gr. (Bot.) One carpel of an umbelliferous fruit.
   See Cremocarp.


   Mer"ide  (?  OR  ?),  n.  [Gr.  (Biol.) A permanent colony of cells or
   plastids  which  may remain isolated, like Rotifer, or may multiply by
   gemmation to form higher aggregates, termed zoides. Perrier.


   Me*rid"i*an (?), a. [F. m\'82ridien, L. meridianus pertaining to noon,
   fr.  meridies  noon,  midday, for older medidies; medius mid, middle +
   dies day. See Mid, and Diurnal.]

   1.  Being  at,  or  pertaining  to,  midday;  belonging to, or passing
   through,  the highest point attained by the sun in his diurnal course.
   "Meridian hour." Milton.

     Tables ... to find the altitude meridian. Chaucer.

   2.  Pertaining  to  the  highest  point  or  culmination; as, meridian


   Me*rid"i*an, n. [F. m\'82ridien. See Meridian, a.]

   1. Midday; noon.

   2.  Hence:  The highest point, as of success, prosperity, or the like;

     I have touched the highest point of all my greatness, And from that
     full meridian of my glory I haste now to my setting. Shak.

   3. (Astron.) A great circle of the sphere passing through the poles of
   the  heavens and the zenith of a given place. It is crossed by the sun
   at midday.

   4. (Geog.) A great circle on the surface of the earth, passing through
   the  poles  and  any  given  place;  also,  the  half of such a circle
   included between the poles.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e pl anes of  th e ge ographical an d as tronomical
     meridians  coincide.  Meridians, on a map or globe, are lines drawn
     at  certain  intervals  due north and south, or in the direction of
     the poles.

   Calculated  for,  OR fitted to, OR adapted to, the meridian of, suited
   to the local circumstances, capabilities, or special requirements of.

     All other knowledge merely serves the concerns of this life, and is
     fitted to the meridian thereof. Sir M. Hale.

   --  First  meridian,  the meridian from which longitudes are reckoned.
   The meridian of Greenwich is the one commonly employed in calculations
   of  longitude  by  geographers,  and  in  actual practice, although in
   various  countries  other and different meridians, chiefly those which
   pass through the capitals of the countries, are occasionally used; as,
   in  France,  the meridian of Paris; in the United States, the meridian
   of  Washington,  etc.  -- Guide meridian (Public Land Survey), a line,
   marked  by  monuments,  running  North  and South through a section of
   country  between  other  more  carefully  established meridians called
   principal  meridians,  used  for  reference  in  surveying.  [U.S.] --
   Magnetic  meridian,  a  great  circle,  passing through the zenith and
   coinciding  in  direction  with  the magnetic needle, or a line on the
   earth's   surface  having  the  same  direction.  --  Meridian  circle
   (Astron.), an instrument consisting of a telescope attached to a large
   graduated  circle  and so mounted that the telescope revolves like the
   transit  instrument in a meridian plane. By it the right ascension and
   the  declination of a star may be measured in a single observation. --
   Meridian  instrument  (Astron.),  any astronomical instrument having a
   telescope that rotates in a meridian plane. -- Meridian of a globe, OR
   Brass  meridian,  a  graduated  circular  ring  of brass, in which the
   artificial globe is suspended and revolves.


   Me*rid"i*o*nal   (?),  a.  [F.  m\'82ridional,  L.  meridionalis,  fr.
   meridies midday. See Meridian.]

   1. Of or pertaining to the meridian.

   2. Having a southern aspect; southern; southerly.

     Offices that require heat ... should be meridional. Sir H. Wotton.

   Meridional  distance, the distance or departure from the meridian; the
   easting  or  westing.  --  Meridional  parts, parts of the meridian in
   Mercator's  projection,  corresponding to each minute of latitude from
   the  equator  up  to  70 or 80 degrees; tabulated numbers representing
   these  parts  used  in  projecting  charts,  and  in  solving cases in
   Mercator's sailing.


   Me*rid`i*o*nal"i*ty (?), n.

   1. The state of being in the meridian.

   2. Position in the south; aspect toward the south.


   Me*rid"i*o*nal*ly (?), adv. In the direction of the meridian.


   Mer"ils  (?),  n.  [F.  m\'82relle,  marelle,  marelles,  LL. marella,
   marrella.  Cf.  Morris  the game.] A boy's play, called also fivepenny
   morris. See Morris.


   Me`ringue"  (F.  ?;  E. ?), n. [F.] A delicate pastry made of powdered
   sugar and the whites of eggs whipped up, -- with jam or cream added.


   Me*ri"no  (?),  a.  [Sp.  merino  moving  from pasture to pasture, fr.
   merino  a  royal judge and superintendent or inspector of sheep walks,
   LL. merinus, fr. majorinus, i. e., major villmajor greater. See Major.
   Merino  sheep  are driven at certain seasons from one part of Spain to
   another, in large flocks, for pasturage.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  variety  of  sheep with very fine wool,
   originally bred in Spain.

   2. Made of the wool of the merino sheep.


   Me*ri"no, n.; pl. Merinos (#). [Sp.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  breed of sheep originally from Spain, noted for the
   fineness of its wool.

   2. A fine fabric of merino wool.


   Mer`is*mat"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr. (Biol.) Dividing into cells or segments;
   characterized  by separation into two or more parts or sections by the
   formation  of  internal  partitions;  as, merismatic growth, where one
   cell divides into many.


   Mer"i*stem  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Bot.) A tissue of growing cells, or cells
   capable of further division.


   Mer"it  (?),  n.  [F.  m\'82rite,  L.  meritum, fr. merere, mereri, to
   deserve,  merit; prob. originally, to get a share; akin to Gr. Market,
   Merchant, Mercer, Mercy.]

   1. The quality or state of deserving well or ill; desert.

     Here may men see how sin hath his merit. Chaucer.

     Be  it known, that we, the greatest, are misthought For things that
     others  do; and when we fall, We answer other's merits in our name.

   2.  Esp.  in  a  good  sense:  The quality or state of deserving well;
   worth; excellence.

     Reputation   is  ...  oft  got  without  merit,  and  lost  without
     deserving. Shak.

     To  him  the  wit  of Greece and Rome was known, And every author's
     merit, but his own. Pope.

   3.  Reward  deserved;  any mark or token of excellence or approbation;
   as, his teacher gave him ten merits.

     Those laurel groves, the merits of thy youth. Prior.


   Mer"it,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Merited; p. pr. & vb. n. Meriting.] [F.
   m\'82riter, L. meritare, v. intens. fr. merere. See Merit, n.]

   1.  To  earn  by  service  or performance; to have a right to claim as
   reward; to deserve; sometimes, to deserve in a bad sense; as, to merit
   punishment. "This kindness merits thanks." Shak.

   2. To reward. [R. & Obs.] Chapman.


   Mer"it, v. i. To acquire desert; to gain value; to receive benefit; to
   profit. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Mer"it*a*ble (?), a. Deserving of reward. [R.]


   Mer"it*ed*ly, adv. By merit; deservedly.

                             Merithal, Merithallus

   Mer"i*thal  (?),  Mer`i*thal"lus  (?), n. [NL. merithallus, fr. Gr. or
   (Bot.) Same as Internode.


   Mer"it*mon`ger  (?), n. One who depends on merit for salvation. [Obs.]


   Mer`i*to"ri*ous   (?),  a.  [L.  meritorius  that  brings  in  money.]
   Possessing  merit; deserving of reward or honor; worthy of recompense;

     And meritorious shall that hand be called, Canonized, and worshiped
     as a saint. Shak.

   -- Mer`i*to"ri*ous*ly, adv. -- Mer`i*to"ri*ous*ness, n.


   Mer"i*to*ry (?), a. Meritorious. [Obs.]


   Mer"i*tot  (?),  n.  A  play of children, in swinging on ropes, or the
   like, till they are dizzy.


   Merk  (?),  n.  [See Marc.] An old Scotch silver coin; a mark or marc.


   Merk, n. A mark; a sign. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Merke (?), a. Murky. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.


   Mer"kin  (?),  n.  Originally,  a  wig; afterwards, a mop for cleaning

                                  Merl, Merle

   Merl  (?),  Merle,  n.  [F.  merle,  L.  merula,  merulus. Cf. Ousel.]
   (Zo\'94l.) The European blackbird. See Blackbird. Drayton.


   Mer"lin  (?),  n.  [OE.  merlion, F. \'82merillon ; cf. OHG. smirl, G.
   schmerl  ;  prob.  fr.  L.  merula blackbird. Cf. Merle.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   small European falcon (Falco lithofalco, or F. \'91salon).


   Mer"ling (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The European whiting.


   Mer"lon  (?),  n.  [F., perh. fr. L. moerus, for murus a wall, through
   (assumed)  dim.  moerulus.]  (Fort.)  One  of  the  solid  parts  of a
   battlemented parapet; a battlement. See Illust. of Battlement.


   Mer"luce  (?), n. [F. merluche, merlus.] (Zo\'94l.) The European hake;
   -- called also herring hake and sea pike.


   Mer"maid  (?),  n.  [AS.  mere  lake, sea. See Mere lake, and maid.] A
   fabled marine creature, typically represented as having the upper part
   like  that  of  a  woman,  and the lower like a fish; a sea nymph, sea
   woman, or woman fish.

     NOTE: &hand; Ch aucer us es this word as equivalent to the siren of
     the ancients.

   Mermaid  fish (Zo\'94l.) the angel fish (Squatina). -- Mermaid's glove
   (Zo\'94l.),  a British branched sponge somewhat resembling a glove. --
   Mermaid's   head   (Zo\'94l.),   a   European  spatangoid  sea  urchin
   (Echinocardium  cordatum)  having  some  resemblance  to  a  skull. --
   Mermaid  weed (Bot.), an aquatic herb with dentate or pectinate leaves
   (Proserpinaca palustris and P. pectinacea).


   Mer"man  (?),  n.;  pl. Mermen (. The male corresponding to mermaid; a
   sea man, or man fish.


   Mer"o*blast  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -blast.]  (Biol.)  An  ovum, as that of a
   mammal,   only   partially  composed  of  germinal  matter,  that  is,
   consisting  of  both a germinal portion and an albuminous or nutritive
   one; -- opposed to holoblast.


   Mer`o*blas"tic  (?),  a.  (Biol.)  Consisting only in part of germinal
   matter;  characterized  by  partial segmentation only; as, meroblastic
   ova,   in  which  a  portion  of  the  yolk  only  undergoes  fission;
   meroblastic segmentation; -- opposed to holoblastic.


   Me"ro*cele (?), n. [Gr. (Med.) Hernia in the thigh; femoral hernia .


   Mer`o*is"tic (?), a. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Applied to the ovaries of insects
   when they secrete vitelligenous cells, as well as ova.


   Me*rop"i*dan  (?),  n.  [L.  merops  a  bee-eating bird, Gr. me`rops.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  a  family  of  birds (Meropid\'91), including the


   Me*rop"o*dite  (?),  n.  [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The fourth joint of a typical
   appendage of Crustacea.


   Mer*or`gan*i*za"tion (?), n. [Gr. organization.] Organization in part.


   Me"ros  (?),  n.  [NL., from Gr. (Arch.) The plain surface between the
   channels of a triglyph. [Written also merus.] Weale.


   Me"ros,  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Anat.) The proximal segment of the hind
   limb; the thigh.


   Mer"o*some  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -some  body.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the serial
   segments,  or  metameres,  of  which  the  bodies  of  vertebrate  and
   articulate animals are composed.


   Mer`o*stom"a*ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) A class of
   Arthropoda,  allied  to  the  Crustacea.  It  includes the trilobites,
   Eurypteroidea,  and  Limuloidea.  All are extinct except the horseshoe
   crabs of the last group. See Limulus.


   M\'82`rou" (?), n. [F.] (Zo\'94l.) See Jack, 8 (c).


   Mer`o*vin"gi*an  (?),  a. [From Merovaeus, the Latin name of a king of
   the Franks.] Of or pertaining to the first Frankish dynasty in Gaul or
   France. -- n. One of the kings of this dynasty.


   Mer"ri*ly  (?), adv. [From Merry.] In a merry manner; with mirth; with
   gayety and laughter; jovially. See Mirth, and Merry.

     Merrily sing, and sport, and play. Granville.


   Mer"ri*make` (?), n. See Merrymake, n.


   Mer"ri*make`, v. i. See Merrymake, v. Gay.


   Mer"ri*ment (?), n. Gayety, with laughter; mirth; frolic. "Follies and
   light merriment." Spenser.

     Methought  it  was  the  sound  Of  riot and ill-managed merriment.


   Mer"ri*ness, n. The quality or state of being merry; merriment; mirth;
   gayety, with laughter.


   Mer"ry  (?),  a.  [Compar. Merrier (?); superl. Merriest.] [OE. merie,
   mirie, murie, merry, pleasant, AS. merge, myrige, pleasant; cf. murge,
   adv.;  prob. akin to OHG. murg, short, Goth. gama\'a3rgjan to shorten;
   cf.  L.  murcus  a  coward,  who cuts off his thumb to escape military
   service;  the Anglo-Saxon and English meanings coming from the idea of
   making the time seem short. Cf. Mirth.]

   1.  Laughingly  gay;  overflowing  with  good  humor and good spirits;
   jovial; inclined to laughter or play ; sportive.

     They drank, and were merry with him. Gen. xliii. 34.

     I am never merry when I hear sweet music. Shak.

   Page 915

   2. Cheerful; joyous; not sad; happy.

     Is any merry Jas. v. 13.

   3.  Causing  laughter,  mirth,  gladness,  or delight; as, merry jest.
   "Merry wind and weather." Spenser.
   Merry  dancers.  See under Dancer. -- Merry men, followers; retainers.

     His  merie  men  commanded  he  To  make  him  bothe game and glee.

   --  To make merry, to be jovial; to indulge in hilarity; to feast with
   mirth.  Judg.  ix.  27.  Syn.  -- Cheerful; blithe; lively; sprightly;
   vivacious; gleeful; joyous; mirthful; jocund; sportive; hilarious.


   Mer"ry (?), n. (Bot.) A kind of wild red cherry.


   Mer"ry-an"drew (?), n. One whose business is to make sport for others;
   a  buffoon;  a zany; especially, one who attends a mountebank or quack

     NOTE: &hand; Th is te rm is said to have originated from one Andrew
     Borde,  an  English  physician  of  the  16th  century,  who gained
     patients by facetious speeches to the multitude.


   Mer"ry-go`-round"  (?),  n.  Any  revolving  contrivance for affording
   amusement; esp., a ring of flying hobbyhorses.


   Mer"ry*make`  (?),  n. Mirth; frolic; a meeting for mirth; a festival.
   [Written also merrimake.]


   Mer"ry*make`,  v.  i.  To  make merry; to be jolly; to feast. [Written
   also merrimake.]


   Mer"ry*mak`er   (?),  n.  One  who  makes  merriment  or  indulges  in
   conviviality; a jovial comrade.


   Mer"ry*mak`ing (?), a. Making or producing mirth; convivial; jolly.


   Mer"ry*mak`ing,  n.  The act of making merry; conviviality; merriment;
   jollity. Wordsworth.


   Mer"ry*meet`ing (?), n. A meeting for mirth.


   Mer"ry*thought`  (?), n. The forked bone of a fowl's breast; -- called
   also wishbone. See Furculum.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is a sportive custom for two persons to break this
     bone  by  pulling  the  ends  apart  to see who will get the longer
     piece,  the  securing  of  which  is  regarded  as  a  lucky  omen,
     signifying that the person holding it will obtain the gratification
     of some secret wish.


   Mer"sion (?), n. [L. mersio. See Merge.] Immersion [R.] Barrow.


   Me*ru"li*dan  (?),  n.  [L.  merula,  merulus,  blackbird. See Merle.]
   (Zo\'94l.) A bird of the Thrush family.


   Me"rus (?), n. [NL.] (Arch.) See Meros.


   Mer"vaille` (?), n. Marvel. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mes- (?). See Meso-.


   Me"sa  (?), [Sp.] A high tableland; a plateau on a hill. [Southwestern
   U.S.] Bartlett.


   Mes*ac"o*nate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of mesaconic acid.


   Mes`a*con"ic  (?),  a.  [Mes-  +  -aconic,  as in citraconic.] (Chem.)
   Pertaining  to, or designating, one of several isomeric acids obtained
   from citric acid.


   Mes"ad (?), adv. Same as Mesiad.


   Mes"al (?), a. Same as Mesial.


   M\'82`sal`li`ance"  (?),  n. [F.] A marriage with a person of inferior
   social position; a misalliance.


   Mes"al*ly (?), adv. Same as Mesially.

   Mesam Mes`a*m (?), n. [Mes- + am.] (Biol.) One of a class of independent,
  isolated cells found in the mesoderm, while the germ layers are undergoing


   Mes`a*ra"ic (?), a. [Gr. (Anat.) Mesenteric.


   Mes`a*ti*ce*phal"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  midmost  +  E. cephalic.] (Anat.)
   Having  the ratio of the length to the breadth of the cranium a medium
   one; neither brachycephalic nor dolichocephalic.


   Mes`a*ti*ceph"a*lous (?), a. (Anat.) Mesaticephalic.


   Mes*cal"  (?),  n.  [Sp.] A distilled liquor prepared in Mexico from a
   species of agave. See Agave.


   Mes`dames" (F. ?, E. ?), n., pl. of Madame and Madam.


   Me*seems"  (?),  v.  impers.  [imp.  Meseemed  (?).]  It  seems to me.


   Me"sel (?), n. [See Measle.] A leper. [Obs.]


   Me"sel*ry (?), n. Leprosy. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Me*sem`bry*an"the*mum  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Bot.)  A  genus  of
   herbaceous  or  suffruticose  plants, chiefly natives of South Africa.
   The leaves are opposite, thick, and f


   Mes`en*ce*phal"ic   (?),   a.   (Anat.)   Of   or  pertaining  to  the
   mesencephalon or midbrain.


   Mes`en*ceph"a*lon  (?), n. [NL. See Meso- and Encephalon.] (Anat.) The
   middle  segment  of  the brain; the midbrain. Sometimes abbreviated to
   mesen. See Brain.


   Mes*en"chy*ma  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. -enchyma, as in E. parenchyma.]
   (Biol.)  The  part of the mesoblast which gives rise to the connective
   tissues and blood.


   Mes`en*ter"ic  (?), a. [Cf. F. m\'82sent\'82rique.] (Anat.) Pertaining
   to a mesentery; mesaraic.


   Mes*en"te*ron  (?),  n. [NL. See Meso-, and Enteron.] (Anat.) All that
   part  of  the  alimentary  canal which is developed from the primitive
   enteron  and  is  lined  with  hypoblast. It is distinguished from the
   stomod,  a part at the anterior end of the canal, including the cavity
   of  the mouth, and the proctod, a part at the posterior end, which are
   formed by invagination and are lined with epiblast.
   Mes"en*ter*y (?; 277), n. [Gr. m\'82sent\'8are.] 

   1.  (Anat.)  The  membranes,  or one of the membranes (consisting of a
   fold  of  the  peritoneum  and  inclosed  tissues),  which connect the
   intestines  and their appendages with the dorsal wall of the abdominal
   cavity.  The mesentery proper is connected with the jejunum and ilium,
   the other mesenteries being called mesoc, mesocolon, mesorectum, etc. 

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) One of the vertical muscular radiating partitions which
   divide the body cavity of Anthozoa into chambers.


   Mes`e*ra"ic (?), a. (Anat.) Mesaraic.


   Mes*eth"moid (?), a. [Mes- + ethmoid.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the
   middle of the ethmoid region or ethmoid bone. -- n. (Anat.) The median
   vertical plate, or median element, of the ethmoid bone.


   Mesh  (?),  n. [AS. masc, max, m; akin to D. maas, masche, OHG. masca,
   Icel.  m\'94skvi;  cf.  Lith.  mazgas a knot, megsti to weave nets, to

   1.  The opening or space inclosed by the threads of a net between knot
   and knot, or the threads inclosing such a space; network; a net.

     A golden mesh to entrap the hearts of men. Shak.

   2.  (Gearing) The engagement of the teeth of wheels, or of a wheel and
   Mesh stick, a stick on which the mesh is formed in netting.


   Mesh,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Meshed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Meshing.] To
   catch in a mesh. Surrey.


   Mesh,  v.  i.  (Gearing)  To  engage  with each other, as the teeth of


   Meshed (?), a. Mashed; brewed. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mesh"y (?), a. Formed with meshes; netted.


   Mes"i*ad (?), adv. [Gr. ad to.] (Anat.) Toward, or on the side toward,
   the mesial plane; mesially; -- opposed to laterad.


   Me"sial (?; 277), a. [Gr. (Anat.) Middle; median; in, or in the region
   of,  the  mesial plane; internal; -- opposed to lateral. Mesial plane.
   (Anat.) See Meson.


   Me"sial*ly,  adv.  (Anat.)  In,  near,  or  toward,  the mesial plane;


   Mes"i*tyl  (?), n. (Chem.) A hypothetical radical formerly supposed to
   exist  in  mesityl  oxide.  Mesityl  oxide  (Chem.), a volatile liquid
   having  the odor of peppermint, obtained by certain dehydrating agents
   from acetone; -- formerly called also dumasin.


   Me*sit"y*le*nate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of mesitylenic acid.


   Me*sit"y*lene   (?),   n.   (Chem.)   A  colorless,  fragrant  liquid,
   C6H3(CH3)3,  of  the  benzene  series  of  hydrocarbons,  obtained  by
   distilling acetone with sulphuric acid. -- Me*sit`y*len"ic (#), a.


   Me*sit"y*lol  (?),  n.  [Mesitylene  +  -ol.]  (Chem.)  A  crystalline
   substance obtained from mesitylene.


   Mes"lin (? OR ?), n. See Maslin.


   Mes`mer*ee"  (?), n. A person subjected to mesmeric influence; one who
   is mesmerized. [R.]

                             Mesmeric, Mesmerical

   Mes*mer"ic  (?),  Mes*mer"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Cf. F. mesm\'82rique.] Of,
   pertaining to, or induced by, mesmerism; as, mesmeric sleep.


   Mes"mer*ism  (?), n. [From Mesmer, who first brought it into notice at
   Vienna,  about  1775:  cf.  F.  mesm\'82risme.] The art of inducing an
   extraordinary  or  abnormal  state of the nervous system, in which the
   actor claims to control the actions, and communicate directly with the
   mind, of the recipient. See Animal magnetism, under Magnetism.


   Mes"mer*ist, n. One who practices, or believes in, mesmerism.


   Mes`mer*i*za"tion  (?),  n. The act of mesmerizing; the state of being


   Mes"mer*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mesmerized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Mesmerizing (?).] To bring into a state of mesmeric sleep.


   Mes"mer*i`zer (?), n. One who mesmerizes.


   Mesne  (?), a. [Cf. Mean intermediate.] (Law) Middle; intervening; as,
   a mesne lord, that is, a lord who holds land of a superior, but grants
   a  part  of  it to another person, in which case he is a tenant to the
   superior,  but  lord  or  superior to the second grantee, and hence is
   called  the  mesne  lord. Mesne process, intermediate process; process
   intervening  between  the  beginning  and  end  of  a  suit, sometimes
   understood   to   be   the  whole  process  preceding  the  execution.
   Blackstone.  Burrill. -- Mesne profits, profits of premises during the
   time  the  owner has been wrongfully kept out of the possession of his
   estate. Burrill.

                                  Meso-, Mes-

   Mes"o-  (?),  Mes-  (?). [Gr. A combining form denoting in the middle,
   intermediate;  specif.  (Chem.), denoting a type of hydrocarbons which
   are  regarded  as  methenyl derivatives. Also used adjectively. <-- in
   Chem., now used differently, for optical isomers -->


   Mes`o*a"ri*um  (?),  n.  [NL., from Gr. (Anat.) The fold of peritoneum
   which suspends the ovary from the dorsal wall of the body cavity.<-- =
   now mesovarium. Entry under mesovarium is not cross-referenced to this
   entry. ??? -->


   Mes"o*blast  (?),  n.  [Meso- + -blast.] (Biol.) (a) The mesoderm. (b)
   The cell nucleus; mesoplast.


   Mes`o*blas"tic  (?),  a.  (Biol.)  Relating  to the mesoblast; as, the
   mesoblastic layer.


   Mes`o*bran"chi*al  (?),  a.  [Meso-  +  branchial.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Of or
   pertaining  to  a region of the carapace of a crab covering the middle
   branchial region.


   Mes`o*bron"chi*um  (?),  n.; pl. Mesobronchia (#). [NL. See Meso-, and
   Bronchia.] (Anat.) The main bronchus of each lung.


   Mes`o*c\'91"cum  (?),  n.  (Anat.)  [NL. See Meso-, and C\'91cum.] The
   fold  of  peritoneum attached to the c\'91cum. -- Mes`o*c\'91"cal (#),


   Mes"o*carp  (?), n. [Meso- + Gr. (Bot.) The middle layer of a pericarp
   which consists of three distinct or dissimilar layers. Gray.


   Mes`o*ce*phal"ic  (?),  a.  [Meso-  +  cephalic.]  (Anat.)  (a)  Of or
   pertaining  to,  or  in the region of, the middle of the head; as, the
   mesocephalic   flexure.  (b)  Having  the  cranial  cavity  of  medium
   capacity; neither megacephalic nor microcephalic. (c) Having the ratio
   of   the   length  to  the  breadth  of  the  cranium  a  medium  one;


   Mes`o*ceph"a*lon  (?),  n.  [NL. See Meso-, and Cephalon.] (Anat.) The
   pons Varolii.


   Mes`o*ceph"a*lous (?), a. (Anat.) Mesocephalic.

                           Mesoc\'d2le, Mesoc\'d2lia

   Mes`o*c\'d2"le  (?),  Mes`o*c\'d2"li*a  (?),  n.  [NL. mesocoelia. See
   Meso-,  and  C\'d2lia.]  (Anat.)  The cavity of the mesencephalon; the


   Mes`o*co"lon  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. m\'82soc\'93lon.] (Anat.) The fold
   of  peritoneum,  or  mesentery, attached to the colon. -- Mes`o*col"ic
   (#), a.


   Mes`o*cor"a*coid  (?),  n.  [Meso- + coracoid.] (Anat.) A process from
   the middle of the coracoid in some animals.

                          Mesocuneiform, Mesocuniform

   Mes`o*cu*ne"i*form  (?),  Mes`o*cu"ni*form (?), n. [Meso- + cuneiform,
   cuniform.] (Anat.) One of the bones of the tarsus. See 2d Cuneiform.


   Mes"o*derm  (?),  n.  [Meso-  +  Gr.  (Biol.)  (a)  The  layer  of the
   blastoderm,  between the ectoderm and endoderm; mesoblast. See Illust.
   of  Blastoderm  and  Ectoderm.  (b)  The  middle  body  layer  in some
   invertebrates.  (c)  The  middle  layer  of  tissue  in some vegetable


   Mes`o*der"mal  (?),  a.  (Biol.)  Pertaining  to, or derived from, the
   mesoderm; as, mesodermal tissues.


   Mes`o*der"mic (?), a. Same as Mesodermal.


   Mes"o*dont (?), a. [Meso- + Gr. (Anat.) Having teeth of moderate size.


   Mes`o*gas"ter  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Anat.) The fold of peritoneum
   connecting  the  stomach with the dorsal wall of the abdominal cavity;
   the mesogastrium.


   Mes`o*gas"tric (?), a. [Meso- + gastric.]

   1.  (Anat.)  (a) Of or pertaining to the middle region of the abdomen,
   or of the stomach. (b) Of or pertaining to the mesogaster.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the middle gastric lobe of the
   carapace of a crab.


   Mes`o*gas"tri*um  (?),  n.  [NL.  See  Mesogaster.]  (Anat.)  (a)  The
   umbilical region. (b) The mesogaster.

   Mesogl Mes`o*gl (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A thin gelatinous tissue
 separating the ectoderm and endoderm in certain c\'d2lenterates. -- Mes`o*gl
                                    (#), a.


   Me*sog"na*thous  (?), a. [Meso- + Gr. (Anat.) Having the jaws slightly
   projecting;  between prognathous and orthognathous. See Gnathic index,
   under Gnathic.


   Mes`o*he"par (?), n. [NL. See Meso-, and Hepar.] (Anat.) A fold of the
   peritoneum  connecting the liver with the dorsal wall of the abdominal


   Mes`o*hip"pus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) An extinct mammal of the
   Horse  family,  but  not larger than a sheep, and having three toes on
   each foot.


   Mes"o*labe  (?),  n. [L. mesolabium, Gr. An instrument of the ancients
   for  finding  two mean proportionals between two given lines, required
   in solving the problem of the duplication of the cube. Brande & C.


   Mes"ole (?), n. [Gr. (Min.) Same as Thomsonite.


   Mes"o*lite  (?;  277),  n. [Meso- + -lite.] (Min.) A zeolitic mineral,
   grayish  white  or yellowish, occuring in delicate groups of crystals,
   also  fibrous  massive. It is a hydrous silicate of alumina, lime, and


   Mes`o*log"a*rithm    (?),   n.   [Meso-   +   logarithm   :   cf.   F.
   m\'82sologarithme.]  (Math.)  A  logarithm of the cosine or cotangent.
   [Obs.] Kepler. Hutton.


   Mes`o*me"tri*um (?), n. [NL. See Meso-, and Metrium.] (Anat.) The fold
   of the peritoneum supporting the oviduct.


   Mes`o*my*o"di*an  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  bird  having  a mesomyodous


   Mes`o*my"o*dous  (?),  a. [Meso- + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Having the intrinsic
   muscles of the larynx attached to the middle of the semirings.


   Mes"on  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Anat.) The mesial plane dividing the
   body  of  an  animal  into  similar right and left halves. The line in
   which  it meets the dorsal surface has been called the dorsimeson, and
   the corresponding ventral edge the ventrimeson. B. G. Wilder.


   Mes`o*na"sal  (?), a. [Meso- + nasal.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the
   middle portion of the nasal region.


   Mes`o*neph"ric  (?),  a.  (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the mesonephros;
   as, the mesonephric, or Wolffian, duct.


   Mes`o*neph"ros  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Anat.) The middle one of the
   three  pairs  of embryonic renal organs developed in most vertebrates;
   the Wolffian body.


   Mes`o*no"tum  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The dorsal portion of
   the mesothorax of insects.

 Mesophl Mes`o*phl (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) The middle bark of a tree; the
  green layer of bark, usually soon covered by the outer or corky layer, and


   Me*soph"ry*on (?), n. [NL., from Gr. (Anat.) See Glabella.


   Mes`o*phyl"lum  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) The parenchyma of a leaf
   between the skin of the two surfaces. Gray.


   Mes"o*plast  (?),  n. [Meso- + -plast.] (Biol.) The nucleus of a cell;
   mesoblast. Agassix.

   Page 916


   Mes`o*po"di*al (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the mesopodialia or
   to the parts of the limbs to which they belong.


   Mes`o*po`di*a"le  (?), n.; pl. Mesopodialia (#). [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.)
   One of the bones of either the carpus or tarsus.


   Mes`o*po"di*um  (?),  n.  [NL. See Mesopodiale.] (Zo\'94l.) The middle
   portion of the foot in the Gastropoda and Pteropoda.


   Me*sop`te*ryg"i*um (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.) The middle one of the
   three   principal   basal   cartilages  in  the  fins  of  fishes.  --
   Me*sop`ter*yg"i*al (#), a.


   Me*sor"chi*um  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Anat.) The fold of peritoneum
   which  attaches  the  testis  to the dorsal wall of the body cavity or
   scrotal sac.


   Mes`o*rec"tum   (?),   n.  [Meso-  +  rectum.]  (Anat.)  The  fold  of
   peritoneum,  or  mesentery,  attached  to the rectum. -- Mes`o*rec"tal
   (#), a.


   Mes"o*rhine  (?),  a.  [Meso-  + Gr. (Anat.) Having the nose of medium
   width; between leptorhine and platyrhine.


   Mes`o*sau"ri*a (?), n. Same as Mosasauria.


   Mes`o*scap"u*la  (?), n. [Meso- + scapula.] (Anat.) A process from the
   middle of the scapula in some animals; the spine of the scapula.


   Mes`o*scap"u*lar (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the mesoscapula.


   Mes`o*scu"tum  (?),  n.  [Meso-  +  scutum.]  (Zo\'94l.) The scutum or
   dorsal  plate of the middle thoracic segment of an insect. See Illust.
   of Butterfly.


   Mes"o*seme  (?),  a.  [Meso-  +  Gr. m\'82sos\'8ame.] (Anat.) Having a
   medium  orbital index; having orbits neither broad nor narrow; between
   megaseme and microseme.


   Mes`o*sid"er*ite (?), n. [Meso- + siderite.] (Min.) See the Note under


   Mes"o*sperm  (?), n. [Meso- + Gr. m\'82sosperme.] (Bot.) A membrane of
   a seed. See Secundine.


   Mes"o*state  (?),  n.  [Meso-  + Gr. (Physiol.) A product of metabolic

     NOTE: &hand; Ev ery me sostate is  either an anastate or katastate,
     according  as it is formed by an anabolic or katabolic process. See


   Mes`o*ster"nal (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the mesosternum.


   Mes`o*ster"num (?), n. [Meso- + sternum.]

   1. (Anat.) The middle portion, or body, of the sternum.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The ventral piece of the middle segment of the thorax in


   Mes`o*tar*tar"ic (?), a. [Meso- + tartaric.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or
   designating, an acid called also inactive tartaric acid.


   Mes`o*the"ca  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The middle layer of the
   gonophore in the Hydrozoa.


   Mes`o*the"li*um  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. thelium.] (Biol.) Epithelial
   mesoderm;  a layer of cuboidal epithelium cells, formed from a portion
   of  the  mesoderm  during  the  differetiation  of the germ layers. It
   constitutes the boundary of the c&oe;lum.


   Mes`o*tho*rac"ic   (?),   a.   (Zo\'94l.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the


   Mes`o*tho"rax   (?),  n.  [Meso-  +  thorax:  cf.  F.  m\'82sothorax.]
   (Zo\'94l.) The middle segment of the thorax in insects. See Illust. of


   Mes"o*tro`chal  (?),  a.  [Meso- + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Having the middle of
   the  body  surrounded  by  bands  of cilia; -- said of the larv\'91 of
   certain marine annelids.


   Mes"o*type  (?), n. [Meso- + -type: cf. F. m\'82sotype.] (Min.) An old
   term  covering natrolite or soda mesolite, scolecite or lime mesotype,
   and mesolite or lime-soda mesotype.


   Mes`o*va"ri*um (?), n. [NL. See Meso-, and Ovary.] (Anat.) The fold of
   peritoneum connecting the ovary with the wall of the abdominal cavity.


   Mes*ox"a*late (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of mesoxalic acid.


   Mes`ox*al"ic  (?),  a.  [Mes-  +  oxalic.]  (Chem.)  Pertaining to, or
   designating, an acid, CH2O2(CO2H)2, obtained from amido malonic acid.


   Mes`o*zo"a  (?), n. pl. [NL. See Mesozoic.] (Zo\'94l.) A group of very
   lowly organized, wormlike parasites, including the Dicyemata. They are
   found in cephalopods. See Dicyemata.


   Mes`o*zo"ic  (?),  a.  [Meso- + Gr. (Geol.) Belonging, or relating, to
   the  secondary  or reptilian age, or the era between the Paleozoic and
   Cenozoic. See Chart of Geology.


   Mes`o*zo"ic, n. The Mesozoic age or formation.


   Mes*prise" (?), n. [OF. mespris, F. m\'82pris. See Misprize.]

   1. Contempt; scorn. [Obs.]

   2.  [Perh.  for  F. m\'82prise mistake. Cf. Misprision.] Misadventure;
   ill-success. [Obs.] Spenser.

                               Mesquite, Mesquit

   Mes*qui"te  (?), Mes*quit" (?), n. [Sp. mezquite; said to be a Mexican
   Indian  word.] (Bot.) A name for two trees of the southwestern part of
   North  America,  the  honey  mesquite,  and  screw-pod mesquite. Honey
   mesquite.  See  Algaroba  (b).  --  Screw-pod mesquite, a smaller tree
   (Prosopis  pubescens), having spiral pods used as fodder and sometimes
   as  food  by  the  Indians.  -- Mesquite grass, a rich native grass in
   Western  Texas  (Bouteloua  oligostachya,  and  other  species); -- so
   called  from  its growing in company with the mesquite tree; -- called
   also muskit grass, grama grass.


   Mess (?), n. Mass; church service. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mess  (?), n. [OE. mes, OF. mets, LL. missum, p. p. of mittere to put,
   place  (e. g., on the table), L. mittere to send. See Mission, and cf.
   Mass religious service.]

   1.  A  quantity  of food set on a table at one time; provision of food
   for  a  person or party for one meal; as, a mess of pottage; also, the
   food given to a beast at one time.

     At  their  savory  dinner  set  Of  herbs and other country messes.

   2. A number of persons who eat together, and for whom food is prepared
   in  common;  especially,  persons in the military or naval service who
   eat at the same table; as, the wardroom mess. Shak.

   3.  A set of four; -- from the old practice of dividing companies into
   sets of four at dinner. [Obs.] Latimer.

   4. The milk given by a cow at one milking. [U.S.]

   5.  [Perh.  corrupt.  fr. OE. mesh for mash: cf. muss.] A disagreeable
   mixture  or  confusion  of  things;  hence, a situation resulting from
   blundering  or  from  misunderstanding;  as,  he  made  a  mess of it.


   Mess (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Messed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Messing.] To
   take meals with a mess; to belong to a mess; to eat (with others); as,
   I mess with the wardroom officers. Marryat.


   Mess, v. t. To supply with a mess.


   Mes"sage  (?; 48), n. [F., fr. LL. missaticum, fr. L. mittere, missum,
   to send. See Mission, and cf. Messenger.]

   1.  Any  notice,  word, or communication, written or verbal, sent from
   one person to another.

     Ehud said, I have a message from God unto thee. Judg. iii. 20.

   2. Hence, specifically, an official communication, not made in person,
   but delivered by a messenger; as, the President's message.
   Message shell. See Shell.


   Mes"sage, v. t. To bear as a message. [Obs.]


   Mes"sage,  n.  [OE.,  fr.  OF.  message,  fr.  LL. missaticus. See 1st
   Message.] A messenger. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mes"sa*ger (?), n. [OE.] A messenger. [Obs.]


   Mes"sen*ger  (?),  n.  [OE.  messager, OF. messagier, F. messager. See

   1.  One  who  bears  a  message;  the  bearer  of  a verbal or written
   communication,  notice,  or invitation, from one person to another, or
   to a public body; specifically, an office servant who bears messages.

   2. One who, or that which, foreshows, or foretells.

     Yon gray lines That fret the clouds are messengers of day. Shak.

   3.  (Naut.) A hawser passed round the capstan, and having its two ends
   lashed together to form an endless rope or chain; -- formerly used for
   heaving in the cable.

   4.  (Law)  A  person  appointed  to perform certain ministerial duties
   under  bankrupt  and  insolvent  laws,  such  as to take charge og the
   estate  of  the  bankrupt  or  insolvent.  Bouvier.  Tomlins.  Syn. --
   Carrier;  intelligencer;  courier;  harbinger;  forerunner; precursor;
   Messenger bird, the secretary bird, from its swiftness.


   Mes"set (?), n. A dog. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   Mes*si"ad (?), n. A German epic poem on the Messiah, by Klopstock.


   Mes*si"ah  (?),  n.  [Heb.  m\'besh\'c6akh anointed, fr. m\'beshakh to
   anoint.  Cf. Messias.] The expected king and deliverer of the Hebrews;
   the Savior; Christ.

     And told them the Messiah now was born. Milton.


   Mes*si"ah*ship, n. The state or office of the Messiah.


   Mes`si*an"ic  (?), a. Of or relating to the Messiah; as, the Messianic
   office or character.


   Mes*si"as (?), n. [LL., fr. Gr. Messiah.] The Messiah.

     I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ. John iv. 25.


   Mes`si`dor"  (F.  ?;  E. ?), n. [F., fr. L. messis harvest.] The tenth
   month  of  the  French  republican  calendar dating from September 22,
   1792. It began June 19, and ended July 18. See Vend\'90miaire.


   Mes"sieurs  (?;  F.  ?;  277),  n.  pl.  [F.;  pl. of monsieur.] Sirs;
   gentlemen;  --  abbreviated to Messrs., which is used as the plural of


   Mes`si*nese"  (?  OR  ?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  Messina, or its


   Mess"mate` (?), n. An associate in a mess.


   Mes"suage  (?;  48),  n.  [Cf.  OF.  mesuage, masnage, LL. messuagium,
   mansionaticum,  fr.  L. mansio, -onis, a staying, remaining, dwelling,
   fr.  manere,  mansum,  to  stay,  remain,  E. mansion, manse.] (Law) A
   dwelling  house,  with  the  adjacent buildings and curtilage, and the
   adjoining  lands  appropriated  to  the  use of the household. Cowell.

     They  wedded  her  to  sixty thousand pounds, To lands in Kent, and
     messuages in York. Tennyson.


   Mest (?), a. Most. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mes*tee"  (?), n. [See Mestizo.] The offspring of a white person and a
   quadroon; -- so called in the West Indies. [Written also mustee.]


   Mes"ter (?), n. [Obs.] See Mister, a trade.


   Mes*ti"no (?), n.; pl. Mestinos (. See Mestizo.


   Mes*ti"zo (?), n.; pl. Mestizos (#). [Sp. mestizo; akin to OF. mestis,
   F.  m\'82tis; all fr. (assumed) LL. mixtitius, fr. L. mixtus mixed, p.
   p.  of  miscere  to  mix. See Mix, and cf. Mestee, M\'90tif, M\'90tis,
   Mustee.]  The  offspring  of  an  Indian  or a negro and a European or
   person  of  European  stock.  [Spanish  America]  Mestizo  wool,  wool
   imported from South America, and produced by mixed breeds of sheep.


   Mest"ling (?), n. A kind of brass. See Maslin. [Obs.]


   Me*sym"ni*cum  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. Hymn.] (Anc. Poetry) A repetition
   at the end of a stanza.


   Met (?), imp. & p. p. of Meet.


   Met, obs. imp. & p. p. of Mete, to measure. Chapman.


   Met, obs. p. p. of Mete, to dream. Chaucer.

                                  Meta-, Met-

   Met"a-  (?), Met- (?). [Gr. mid with, G. mit, Goth. mi\'ed, E. mid, in

   1.  A  prefix  meaning  between,  with,  after,  behind,  over, about,
   reversely;  as,  metachronism,  the error of placing after the correct
   time;   metaphor,   lit.,  a  carrying  over;  metathesis,  a  placing

   2.  (Chem.) A prefix denoting: (a) Other; duplicate, corresponding to;
   resembling;  hence,  metameric;  as,  meta-arabinic,  metaldehyde. (b)
   (Organic  Chem.)  That two replacing radicals, in the benzene nucleus,
   occupy the relative positions of 1 and 3, 2 and 4, 3 and 5, 4 and 6, 5
   and  1,  or  6  and 2; as, metacresol, etc. See Ortho-, and Para-. (c)
   (Inorganic  Chem.)  Having  less  than  the highest number of hydroxyl
   groups;   --  said  of  acids;  as,  metaphosphoric  acid.  Also  used
   adjectively. <-- 3. A prefix meaning at a level above, as metaphysics,
   metalanguage. -->
   Me*tab"a*sis (?), n.; pl. Metabases (#). [NL., fr. Gr. 

   1. (Rhet.) A transition from one subject to another.

   2. (Med.) Same as Metabola.

                              Metabola, Metabole

   Me*tab"o*la (?), Me*tab"o*le (?), n. [NL., from Gr. (Med.) A change or
   mutation; a change of disease, symptoms, or treatment.

                              Metabola, Metabolia

   Me*tab"o*la  (?),  Met`a*bo"li*a  (?),  n. pl. [NL. See 1st Metabola.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  A  comprehensive  group  of  insects, including those that
   undegro a metamorphosis.


   Met`a*bo"li*an  (?),  n.  [See  Metabola.]  (Zo\'94l.) An insect which
   undergoes a metamorphosis.


   Met`a*bol"ic (?), a. [Gr. Metabola.]

   1.  (Biol.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  metamorphosis;  pertaining to, or
   involving, change.

   2.  (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to metabolism; as, metabolic activity;
   metabolic force.


   Met`a*bol"i*sis (?), n. [NL.] Metabolism. [R.]


   Me*tab"o*lism  (?),  n. (Physiol.) The act or process, by which living
   tissues  or  cells take up and convert into their own proper substance
   the  nutritive material brought to them by the blood, or by which they
   transform  their  cell  protoplasm  into simpler substances, which are
   fitted  either  for  excretion  or for some special purpose, as in the
   manufacture of the digestive ferments. Hence, metabolism may be either
   constructive  (anabolism),  or  destructive  (katabolism).<--  now sp.
   catabolism -->


   Me*tab"o*lite  (?),  n.  (Physiol  Chem.)  A  product of metabolism; a
   substance produced by metabolic action, as urea.


   Me*tab"o*lize  (?),  v.  t.  &  i. (Physiol.) To change by a metabolic
   process. See Metabolism.


   Met`a*bran"chi*al  (?),  a.  [Meta-  +  branchial.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Of or
   pertaining to the lobe of the carapace of crabs covering the posterior


   Met`a*car"pal  (?),  a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the metacarpus. --
   n. A metacarpal bone.


   Met`a*car"pus  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.) That part of the skeleton
   of  the  hand  or forefoot between the carpus and phalanges. In man it
   consists of five bones. See Illust. of Artiodactyla.

                              Metacenter OR -tre

   Met`a*cen"ter  (?)  OR -tre, n. [Pref. meta- + center.] (Hydrostatics)
   The  point  of  intersection  of a vertical line through the center of
   gravity  of  the  fluid  displaced  by a floating body which is tipped
   through  a  small  angle  from  its  position  of equilibrium, and the
   inclined  line which was vertical through the center of gravity of the
   body when in equilibrium.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh en th e me tacenter is above the center of gravity,
     the position of the body is stable; when below it, unstable.


   Me*tac"e*tone  (?),  n.  [Pref.  met-  + acetone.] (Chem.) A colorless
   liquid  of an agreeable odor, C6H10O, obtained by distilling a mixture
   of  sugar  and  lime;  --  so  called  because  formerly regarded as a
   polymeric modification of acetone.


   Met`a*chlo"ral  (?),  n.  [Pref.  meta-  +  chloral.] (Chem.) A white,
   amorphous,  insoluble  substance  regarded  as  a polymeric variety of


   Me*tach"ro*nism  (?), n. [Gr. m\'82tachronisme.] An error committed in
   chronology by placing an event after its real time.


   Met`a*chro"sis  (?),  n.  [NL., from Gr. (Biol.) The power og changing
   color  at  will by the expansion of special pigment cells, under nerve
   influence, as seen in many reptiles, fishes, etc. Cope.


   Met`a*cin"na*bar*ite (?), n. [Pref. meta- + cinnabar.] (Min.) Sulphide
   of mercury in isometric form and black in color.


   Met"a*cism  (?),  n.  [L.  metacismus, Gr. A defect in pronouncing the
   letter m, or a too frequent use of it.


   Met`a*cro"le*in  (?),  n. [Pref. met- + acrolein.] (Chem.) A polymeric
   modification  of  acrolein obtained by heating it with caustic potash.
   It is a crystalline substance having an aromatic odor.


   Met`a*cro"mi*on  (?),  n.  [NL.] (Anat.) A process projecting backward
   and downward from the acromion of the scapula of some mammals.


   Met`a*dis*coid"al  (?),  a.  [Meta- + discoidal.] (Anat.) Discoidal by
   derivation;  --  applied  especially  to the placenta of man and apes,
   because it is supposed to have been derived from a diffused placenta.


   Met`a*gas"tric  (?),  a.  [Pref.  meta-  +  gastric.] (Zo\'94l.) Of or
   pertaining  to  the  two  posterior  gastric  lobes of the carapace of


   Met"age (?; 48), n. [From Mete, v.]

   1. Measurement, especially of coal. De Foe.

   2. Charge for, or price of, measuring. Simmonds.


   Met`a*gen"e*sis (?), n. [Pref. meta- + genesis.]

   1.  (Biol.) The change of form which one animal species undergoes in a
   series  of  successively  produced individuals, extending from the one
   developed  from  the  ovum  to  the final perfected individual. Hence,
   metagenesis involves the production of sexual individuals by nonsexual
   means,  either  directly  or  through intervening sexless generations.
   Opposed to monogenesis. See Alternate generation, under Generation.

   2.   (Biol.)   Alternation   of  sexual  and  asexual  or  gemmiparous
   generations; -- in distinction from heterogamy.

   Page 917


   Met`a*ge*net"ic (?), a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to metagenesis.


   Met`a*gen"ic (?), a. (Biol.) Metagenetic.


   Me*tag"na*thous (?), a. [Pref. meta- + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Cross-billed; --
   said of certain birds, as the crossbill.


   Met`a*gram"ma*tism (?), n. Anagrammatism.


   Met`a*graph"ic (?), a. By or pertaining to metagraphy.


   Me*tag"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [Pref.  meta-  +  -graphy.] The art or act of
   rendering  the  letters  of  the  alphabet  of  one  language into the
   possible equivalents of another; transliteration. Stormonth.


   Met"al  (?  OR  ?; 277), n. [F. m\'82tal, L. metallum metal, mine, Gr.
   Mettle, Medal.]

   1.  (Chem.)  An  elementary  substance, as sodium, calcium, or copper,
   whose  oxide  or  hydroxide  has basic rather than acid properties, as
   contrasted  with  the  nonmetals,  or metalloids. No sharp line can be
   drawn  between  the metals and nonmetals, and certain elements partake
   of  both  acid  and  basic qualities, as chromium, manganese, bismuth,

     NOTE: &hand; Po pularly, th e na me is  ap plied to  ce rtain hard,
     fusible  metals,  as  gold,  silver, copper, iron, tin, lead, zinc,
     nickel,  etc., and also to the mixed metals, or metallic alloys, as
     brass, bronze, steel, bell metal, etc.

   2. Ore from which a metal is derived; -- so called by miners. Raymond.

   3. A mine from which ores are taken. [Obs.]

     Slaves . . . and persons condemned to metals. Jer. Taylor.

   4.   The  substance  of  which  anything  is  made;  material;  hence,
   constitutional disposition; character; temper.

     Not till God make men of some other metal than earth. Shak.

   5. Courage; spirit; mettle. See Mettle. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e allusion is to the temper of the metal of a sword


   6.  The  broken  stone  used  in  macadamizing  roads  and  ballasting

   7. The effective power or caliber of guns carried by a vessel of war.

   8. Glass in a state of fusion. Knight.

   9. pl. The rails of a railroad. [Eng.]
   Base  metal (Chem.), any one of the metals, as iron, lead, etc., which
   are  readily tarnished or oxidized, in contrast with the noble metals.
   In  general,  a metal of small value, as compared with gold or silver.
   -- Fusible metal (Metal.), a very fusible alloy, usually consisting of
   bismuth  with  lead,  tin,  or  cadmium.  -- Heavy metals (Chem.), the
   metallic elements not included in the groups of the alkalies, alkaline
   earths,  or  the  earths;  specifically,  the  heavy  metals, as gold,
   mercury,  platinum,  lead,  silver,  etc. -- Light metals (Chem.), the
   metallic  elements of the alkali and alkaline earth groups, as sodium,
   lithium,  calcium, magnesium, etc.; also, sometimes, the metals of the
   earths, as aluminium. -- Muntz metal, an alloy for sheathing and other
   purposes,  consisting  of about sixty per cent of copper, and forty of
   zinc. Sometimes a little lead is added. It is named from the inventor.
   --  Prince's  metal (Old Chem.), an alloy resembling brass, consisting
   of  three  parts  of  copper  to  one  of  zinc; -- also called Prince
   Rupert's metal.


   Met"al, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Metaled (? OR ?) or Metalled; p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Metaling or Metalling.] To cover with metal; as, to metal a ship's
   bottom; to metal a road.


   Met`al*am*mo"ni*um  (?), n. [Metal + ammonium.] (Chem.) A hypothetical
   radical derived from ammonium by the substitution of metallic atoms in
   place of hydrogen.


   Met`al*bu"min  (?), n. [Pref. met- + albumin.] (Physiol. Chem.) A form
   of albumin found in ascitic and certain serous fluids. It is sometimes
   regarded as a mixture of albumin and mucin.


   Me*tal"de*hyde  (?),  n.  [Pref.  met-  +  aldehyde.]  (Chem.) A white
   crystalline   substance  isomeric  with,  and  obtained  from,  acetic
   aldehyde by polymerization, and reconvertible into the same.


   Met`a*lep"sis  (?),  n.;  pl. Metalepses (#). [L., fr. Gr. (Rhet.) The
   continuation   of  a  trope  in  one  word  through  a  succession  of
   significations, or the union of two or more tropes of a different kind
   in one word.


   Met"a*lep`sy  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  Exchange;  replacement; substitution;
   metathesis. [R.]


   Met`a*lep"tic (?), a. [Gr.

   1. Of or pertaining to a metalepsis.

   2. Transverse; as, the metaleptic motion of a muscle.

   3.   (Chem.)  Of,  pertaining  to,  concerned  in,  or  occurring  by,


   Met`a*lep"tic*al (?), a. Metaleptic. -- Met`a*lep"tic*al*ly, adv.


   Me*tal"lic (?), a. [L. metallicus, fr. metallum: cf. F. m\'82tallique.
   See Metal.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to a metal; of the nature of metal; resembling
   metal; as, a metallic appearance; a metallic alloy.

   2.  (Chem.)  Of, pertaining to, or characterized by, the essential and
   implied  properties  of  a  metal,  as  contrasted  with a nonmetal or
   metalloid;  basic;  antacid; positive.<-- conductive of electricity is
   now  one  of  the  most characteristic properties, and form cations by
   loss of electrons -->
   Metallic  iron,  iron in the state of the metal, as distinquished from
   its  ores,  as  magnetic iron. -- Metallic paper, paper covered with a
   thin  solution  of  lime,  whiting, and size. When written upon with a
   pewter  or  brass pencil, the lines can hardly be effaced. -- Metallic
   tinking   (Med.),   a   sound  heard  in  the  chest,  when  a  cavity
   communicating with the air passages contains both air and liquid.


   Me*tal"lic*al (?), a. See Metallic. [Obs.]


   Me*tal"lic*ly (?), adv. In a metallic manner; by metallic means.


   Me*tal`li*fac"ture  (?;  135), n. [L. metallum metal + facere, factum,
   to make.] The production and working or manufacture of metals. [R.] R.


   Met`al*lif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L. metallifer; metallum metal + ferre to
   bear: cf. F. m\'82tallif\'8are.] Producing metals; yielding metals.


   Me*tal"li*form   (?),   a.   [L.   metallum  metal  +  -form:  cf.  F.
   m\'82talliforme.] Having the form or structure of a metal.


   Met"al*line  (?),  a. [Cf. F. m\'82tallin.] (Chem.) (a) Pertaining to,
   or  resembling,  a  metal;  metallic;  as,  metalline  properties. (b)
   Impregnated with metallic salts; chalybeate; as, metalline water. [R.]


   Met"al*line  (? OR ?), n. (Chem.) A substance of variable composition,
   but  resembling  a  soft,  dark-colored metal, used in the bearings of
   machines for obviating friction, and as a substitute for lubricants.


   Met"al*list (?), n. A worker in metals, or one skilled in metals.


   Met`al*li*za"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  m\'82tallisation.]  The  act or
   process of metallizing. [R.]


   Met"al*lize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Metallized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Metallizing   (?).]   [Cf.   F.  m\'82talliser.]  To  impart  metallic
   properties to; to impregnate with a metal. [R.]


   Me*tal"lo*chrome  (?),  n. [See Metallochromy.] A coloring produced by
   the  deposition of some metallic compound; specifically, the prismatic
   tints  produced  by  depositing a film of peroxide of lead on polished
   steel by electricity.


   Me*tal"lo*chro`my  (?), n. [L. metallum metal + Gr. The art or process
   of coloring metals.


   Me*tal"lo*graph  (?), n. [L. metallum metal + -graph.] A print made by


   Me*tal`lo*graph"ic   (?),   a.   Pertaining   to,   or  by  means  of,


   Met`al*log"ra*phist (?), n. One who writes on the subject of metals.


   Met`al*log"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [L.  metallum  metal  +  -graphy:  cf. F.

   1. The science or art of metals and metal working; also, a treatise on

   2.  A  method  of  transferring  impressions  of  the grain of wood to
   metallic surfaces by chemical action. Knight.

   3.  A  substitute  for  lithography, in which metallic plates are used
   instead of stone. Knight.


   Met"al*loid   (?),   n.   [L.   metallum   metal   +   -oid:   cf.  F.
   m\'82tallo\'8bde.]  (a) Formerly, the metallic base of a fixed alkali,
   or alkaline earth; -- applied by Sir H. Davy to sodium, potassium, and
   some  other  metallic substances whose metallic character was supposed
   to  be not well defined. (b) Now, one of several elementary substances
   which in the free state are unlike metals, and whose compounds possess
   or produce acid, rather than basic, properties; a nonmetal; as, boron,
   carbon,  phosphorus,  nitrogen,  oxygen,  sulphur,  chlorine, bromine,
   etc., are metalloids.


   Met"al*loid, a.

   1. Having the appearance of a metal.

   2.  (Chem.)  Having  the  properties of a nonmetal; nonmetallic; acid;


   Met`al*loid"al (?), a. Metalloid.


   Met`al*lor*gan"ic (?), a. Metalorganic.


   Me*tal`lo*ther"a*py  (?),  n. [L. metallum metal + E. therapy.] (Med.)
   Treatment of disease by applying metallic plates to the surface of the

                          Metallurgic, Metallurgical

   Met`al*lur"gic    (?),    Met`al*lur"gic*al    (?),    a.    [Cf.   F.
   m\'82tallurgique.] Of or pertaining to metallurgy.


   Met"al*lur`gist  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. m\'82tallurgiste.] One who works in
   metals, or prepares them for use; one who is skilled in metallurgy.


   Met"al*lur`gy  (?),  n. [F. m\'82tallurgie, fr. L. metallum metal, Gr.
   Metal,  and  Work.] The art of working metals, comprehending the whole
   process  of  separating  them from other matters in the ore, smelting,
   refining,  and  parting them; sometimes, in a narrower sense, only the
   process of extracting metals from their ores.


   Met"al*man (?), n.; pl. Metalmen (. A worker in metals.


   Met`a*log"ic*al (?), a. Beyond the scope or province of logic.


   Met`al*or*gan"ic  (?),  a.  [Metal, L. metallum + E. organic.] (Chem.)
   Pertaining  to,  or  denoting,  any  one  of  a series of compounds of
   certain  metallic  elements  with  organic  radicals; as, zinc methyl,
   sodium ethyl, etc. [Written also metallorganic.]


   Met"a*mer (?), n. [See Metamere.] (Chem.) Any one of several metameric
   forms  of  the  same  substance, or of different substances having the
   same  composition;  as,  xylene has three metamers, viz., orthoxylene,
   metaxylene, and paraxylene.<-- = isomer -->


   Met"a*mere (?), n. [Pref. meta- + -mere.] (Biol.) One of successive or
   homodynamous  parts  in animals and plants; one of a series of similar
   parts that follow one another in a vertebrate or articulate animal, as
   in an earthworm; a segment; a somite. See Illust. of Loeven's larva.


   Met`a*mer"ic (?), a. [Pref. meta- + Gr.

   1.  (Chem.)  Having the same elements united in the same proportion by
   weight, and with the same molecular weight, but possessing a different
   structure and different properties; as, methyl ether and ethyl alcohol
   are metameric compounds. See Isomeric.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ex istence of  me tameric compounds is due to the
     different arrangement of the same constituents in the molecule.

   2.  (Biol.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  metamere or its formation; as,
   metameric segmentation.


   Met`a*mer"ic*al*ly, adv. In a metameric manner.


   Me*tam"er*ism (?), n.

   1. (Biol.) The symmetry of a metameric structure; serial symmetry; the
   state of being made up of metameres.

   2. (Chem.) The state or quality of being metameric; also, the relation
   or condition of metameric compounds.


   Met`a*mor"phic (?), a. [See Metamorphosis.]

   1. Subject to change; changeable; variable.

   2. Causing a change of structure.

   3.  (Geol.) Pertaining to, produced by, or exhibiting, certain changes
   which  minerals  or  rocks  may  have  undergone  since their original
   deposition;  --  especially  applied  to  the  recrystallization which
   sedimentary  rocks  have  undergone  through the influence of heat and
   pressure, after which they are called metamorphic rocks.


   Met`a*mor"phism  (?),  n.  (Geol.)  The  state  or  quality  of  being
   metamorphic; the process by which the material of rock masses has been
   more  or less recrystallized by heat, pressure, etc., as in the change
   of sedimentary limestone to marble. Murchison.


   Met`a*mor"phist  (?),  n.  (Eccl.)  One  who believes that the body of
   Christ was merged into the Deity when he ascended.


   Met`a*mor"phize (?), v. t. To metamorphose.


   Met`a*mor"phose  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Metamorphosed (?); p. pr. &
   vb.  n.  Metamorphosing.]  [Cf. F. m\'82tamorphoser.] To change into a
   different form; to transform; to transmute.

     And earth was metamorphosed into man. Dryden.


   Met`a*mor"phose  (?),  n. [Cf. F. m\'82tamorphose. See Metamorphosis.]
   Same as Metamorphosis.


   Met`a*mor"pho*ser (?), n. One who metamorphoses. [R.] Gascoigne.


   Met`a*mor"pho*sic  (?),  a.  Changing  the  form;  transforming.  [R.]


   Met`a*mor"pho*sis (?), n.; pl. Metamorphoses (#). [L., fr. Gr.

   1. Change of form, or structure; transformation.

   2. (Biol.) A change in the form or function of a living organism, by a
   natural process of growth or development; as, the metamorphosis of the
   yolk  into  the  embryo,  of a tadpole into a frog, or of a bud into a
   blossom.  Especially,  that  form  of  sexual reproduction in which an
   embryo  undergoes  a series of marked changes of external form, as the
   chrysalis  stage,  pupa stage, etc., in insects. In these intermediate
   stages  sexual reproduction is usually impossible, but they ultimately
   pass  into final and sexually developed forms, from the union of which
   organisms  are  produced which pass through the same cycle of changes.
   See Transformation.

   3.  (Physiol.) The change of material of one kind into another through
   the agency of the living organism; metabolism.
   Vegetable   metamorphosis   (Bot.),  the  doctrine  that  flowers  are
   homologous  with leaf buds, and that the floral organs are transformed


   Met`a*nau"pli*us  (?),  n. [NL. See Meta-, and Nauplius.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   larval  crustacean in a stage following the nauplius, and having about
   seven pairs of appendages.


   Met`a*ne*phrit"ic (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the metanephros.


   Met`a*neph"ros (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.) The most posterior of the
   three pairs of embryonic renal organs developed in many vertebrates.


   Met`a*no"tum  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The dorsal portion of
   the metaphorax of insects.


   Met`an*ti*mo"nate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of metantimonic acid.


   Met`an*ti*mon"ic  (?),  a.  [Pref.  met-  +  antimonic.]  (Chem.)  (a)
   Pertaining  to,  or  designating,  an  acid (formerly called antimonic
   acid)  analogous  to  metaphosphoric  acid,  and  obtained  as a white
   amorphous  insoluble  substance, (HSbO3). (b) Formerly, designating an
   acid,  which  is now properly called pyroantimonic acid, and analogous
   to pyrophosphoric acid.


   Met`a*pec"tic  (?),  a. [Pref. meta- + pectic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to,
   or designating, a supposed acid obtained from pectin.


   Met`a*pec"tin   (?),   n.  (Chem.)  A  substance  obtained  from,  and
   resembling, pectin, and occurring in overripe fruits.


   Met`a*pep"tone  (?),  n.  [Pref. meta- + peptone.] (Physiol. Chem.) An
   intermediate  product  formed  in  the gastric digestion of albuminous


   Met"a*phor  (?),  n.  [F.  m\'82taphore,  L.  metaphora, fr. Gr. meta`
   beyond,  over  +  fe`rein to bring, bear.] (Rhet.) The transference of
   the relation between one set of objects to another set for the purpose
   of  brief  explanation; a compressed simile; e. g., the ship plows the
   sea. Abbott & Seeley. "All the world's a stage." Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; The statement, "that man is a fox," is a metaphor; but
     "that man is like a fox," is a simile, similitude, or comparison.

                           Metaphoric, Metaphorical

   Met`a*phor"ic  (?), Met`a*phor"ic*al (?), a. [Gr. m\'82taphorique.] Of
   or  pertaining  to  metaphor;  comprising  a  metaphor;  not  literal;
   figurative;  tropical;  as,  a metaphorical expression; a metaphorical
   sense. -- Met`a*phor"ic*al*ly, adv. -- Met`a*phor"ic*al*ness, n.


   Met"a*phor*ist (?), n. One who makes metaphors.


   Met`a*phos"phate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of metaphosphoric acid.


   Met`a*phos*phor"ic   (?),  a.  [Pref.  meta-  +  phosphoric.]  (Chem.)
   Pertaining  to,  or  designating, a monobasic acid, HPO3, analogous to
   nitric   acid,   and,  by  heating  phosphoric  acid,  obtained  as  a
   crystalline substance, commonly called glacial phosphoric acid.


   Met"a*phrase (?), n. [Gr. meta`frasis, from metafrazein to paraphrase;
   meta` beyond, over + fra`zein to speak: cf. F. m\'82taphrase.]

   1.  A  verbal  translation; a version or translation from one language
   into another, word for word; -- opposed to paraphrase. Dryden.

   2. An answering phrase; repartee. Mrs. Browning.

   Page 918


   Met"a*phrased (?), a. Translated literally.


   Me*taph"ra*sis (?), n. [NL. See Metaphrase.] Metaphrase.


   Met"a*phrast (?), n. [Gr. m\'82taphraste.] A literal translator.

                         Metaphrastic, Metaphrastical

   Met`a*phras"tic   (?),  Met`a*phras"tic*al  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Close,  or


   Met`a*phys"ic (?), n. [Cf. F. m\'82taphysique.] See Metaphysics.


   Met`a*phys"ic, a. Metaphysical.


   Met`a*phys"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. m\'82taphysique. See Metaphysics.]

   1. Of or pertaining to metaphysics.

   2.  According  to rules or principles of metaphysics; as, metaphysical

   3. Preternatural or supernatural. [Obs.]

     The golden round *Which fate and metaphysical aid doth seem To have
     thee crowned withal. Shak.


   Met`a*phys"ic*al*ly, adv. In the manner of metaphysical science, or of
   a metaphysician. South.


   Met`a*phy*si"cian (?), n. [Cf. F. m\'82taphysicien.] One who is versed
   in metaphysics.


   Met`a*phys"ics (?), n. [Gr. m\'82taphysique. See Physics. The term was
   first  used  by  the followers of Aristotle as a name for that part of
   his  writings which came after, or followed, the part which treated of

   1.  The  science  of  real  as  distinguished  from  phenomenal being;
   ontology;  also,  the science of being, with reference to its abstract
   and  universal  conditions,  as  distinguished  from  the  science  of
   determined  or  concrete  being;  the  science  of the conceptions and
   relations  which  are  necessarily  implied  as  true of every kind of
   being;  phylosophy  in  general;  first  principles, or the science of
   first principles.

     NOTE: &hand; Me taphysics is  distinguished as general and special.
     General  metaphysics  is the science of all being as being. Special
     metaphysics   is  the  science  of  one  kind  of  being;  as,  the
     metaphysics  of  chemistry, of morals, or of politics. According to
     Kant,  a  systematic  exposition  of  those notions and truths, the
     knowledge  of  which is altogether independent of experience, would
     constitute the science of metaphysics.

     Commonly,  in the schools, called metaphysics, as being part of the
     philosophy  of  Aristotle,  which hath that for title; but it is in
     another sense: for there it signifieth as much as "books written or
     placed after his natural philosophy." But the schools take them for
     "books  of  supernatural  philosophy;" for the word metaphysic will
     bear both these senses. Hobbes.

     Now  the  science  conversant  about all such inferences of unknown
     being  from  its  known  manifestations,  is  called  ontology,  or
     metaphysics proper. Sir W. Hamilton.

     Metaphysics are [is] the science which determines what can and what
     can  not  be  known  of  being,  and  the  laws of being, a priori.

   2.  Hence:  The  scientific  knowledge  of  mental  phenomena;  mental
   philosophy; psychology.

     Metaphysics,  in  whatever latitude the term be taken, is a science
     or  complement  of  sciences exclusively occupied with mind. Sir W.

     Whether,  after  all,  A  larger  metaphysics  might  not  help Our
     physics. Mrs. Browning.


   Me*taph"y*sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. Change of form; transformation.


   Met"a*plasm  (?),  n.  [L.  metaplasmus, Gr. m\'82taplasme.] (Gram.) A
   change in the letters or syllables of a word.


   Met"a*plast  (?),  n. [See Metaplasm.] (Gram.) A word having more than
   one form of the root.


   Met"a*pode  (?), n. [NL. metapodium, from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The posterior
   division of the foot in the Gastropoda and Pteropoda.


   Met`a*po"di*al  (?),  a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the metapodialia,
   or to the parts of the limbs to which they belong.


   Met`a*po`di*a"le  (?),  n.;  pl. Metapodialia (#). [NL. See Metapode.]
   (Anat.) One of the bones of either the metacarpus or metatarsus.


   Met`a*po"di*um  (?),  n.;  pl. Metapodia (#). [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) Same as


   Met`a*poph"y*sis  (?),  n.;  pl. Metapophyses (#). [NL. See Meta-, and
   Apophysis.]  (Anat.) A tubercle projecting from the anterior articular
   processes of some vertebr&ae;; a mammillary process.


   Me*tap`te*ryg"i*um  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.) The posterior of the
   three   principal   basal   cartilages  in  the  fins  of  fishes.  --
   Me*tap`ter*yg"i*al (#), a.


   Met`a*sil"i*cate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of metasilicic acid.


   Met`a*si*lic"ic  (?),  a. [Pref. meta- + silicic.] (Chem.) Designating
   an  acid  derived  from  silicic  acid  by the removal of water; of or
   pertaining to such an acid.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e sa lts of  me tasilicic ac id ar e of ten ca lled
     bisilicates, in mineralogy, as Wollastonite (CaSiO3).

   Metasilicic  acid  (Chem.), a gelatinous substance, or white amorphous
   powder, analogous to carbonic acid, and forming many stable salts.


   Met`a*so"ma*tism (?), n. [Pref. meta- + Gr. (Geol.) An alteration in a
   mineral  or  rock  mass  when  involving  a  chemical  change  of  the
   substance,  as  of  chrysolite  to  serpentine; -- opposed to ordinary
   metamorphism,    as    implying   simply   a   recrystallization.   --
   Met`a*so*mat"ic (#), a.


   Met"a*some  (?),  n. [Pref. meta- + -some body.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the
   component segments of the body of an animal.


   Met`a*stan"nate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of metastannic acid.


   Met`a*stan"nic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Pertaining  to,  or  designating, a
   compound   of   tin  (metastannic  acid),  obtained,  as  an  isomeric
   modification  of  stannic  acid,  in  the  form  of  a white amorphous


   Me*tas"ta*sis (?), n.; pl. Metastases (#). [L., transition, fr. Gr.

   1. (Theol.) A spiritual change, as during baptism.

   2.  (Med.)  A change in the location of a disease, as from one part to
   another. Dunglison.

   3.  (Physiol.) The act or process by which matter is taken up by cells
   or tissues and is transformed into other matter; in plants, the act or
   process  by  which  are  produced all of those chemical changes in the
   constituents of the plant which are not accompanied by a production of
   organic matter; metabolism.


   Met`a*stat"ic (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or caused by, metastasis; as,
   a metastatic abscess; the metastatic processes of growth.


   Met`a*ster"nal (?), a. Of or pertaining to the metasternum.


   Met`a*ster"num (?), n. [Pref. meta- + sternum.]

   1.  (Anat.)  The  most  posterior element of the sternum; the ensiform
   process; xiphisternum.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  ventral plate of the third or last segment of the
   thorax of insects.

                             Metastoma, Metastome

   Me*tas"to*ma  (?),  Met"a*stome (?), n. [NL. metastoma, from Gr. meta`
   behind + sto`ma mouth.] (Zo\'94l.) A median elevation behind the mouth
   in the arthropods.


   Met`a*tar"sal  (?),  a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the metatarsus. --
   n. A metatarsal bone.


   Met"a*tarse (?), n. (Anat.) Metatarsus.


   Met`a*tar"sus (?), n.; pl. Metatarsi (#). [NL. See Meta-, and Tarsus.]
   (Anat.)  That  part  of the skeleton of the hind or lower limb between
   the  tarsus  and phalanges; metatarse. It consists, in the human foot,
   of five bones. See Illustration in Appendix.


   Me*tath"e*sis (?), n.; pl. Metatheses (. [L., fr. Gr. meta`thesis, fr.
   metatithe`nai to place differently, to transpose; meta` beyond, over +
   tithe`nai to place, set. See Thesis.]

   1.  (Gram.)  Transposition,  as of the letters or syllables of a word;
   as, pistris for pristis; meagre for meager.

   2.  (Med.)  A  mere  change  in  place  of a morbid substance, without
   removal from the body.

   3.  (Chem.)  The act, process, or result of exchange, substitution, or
   replacement  of  atoms and radicals; thus, by metathesis an acid gives
   up  all  or  part  of its hydrogen, takes on an equivalent amount of a
   metal or base, and forms a salt.

                           Metathetic, Metathetical

   Met`a*thet"ic  (?),  Met`a*thet"ic*al  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to


   Met`a*tho*rac"ic   (?),   a.   (Zo\'94l.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the


   Met`a*tho"rax  (?),  n.  [NL.:  cf.  F.  m\'82tathorax. See Meta-, and
   Thorax.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The  last  or posterior segment of the thorax in
   insects. See Illust. of Coleoptera.


   Met`a*ti*tan"ic   (?),   a.  [Pref.  meta-  +  titanic.]  (Chem.)  Of,
   pertaining  to,  or  designating,  an  acid  of  titanium analogous to
   metasilicic acid.


   Met`a*tung"state (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of metatungstic acid.


   Met`a*tung"stic   (?),  a.  [Pref.  meta-  +  tungstic.]  (Chem.)  Of,
   pertaining  to,  or  designating, an acid known only in its salts (the
   metatungstates)  and  properly  called  polytungstic, or pyrotungstic,


   Met`a*van"a*date (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of metavanadic acid.


   Met`a*va*nad"ic   (?),   a.  [Pref.  meta-  +  vanadic.]  (Chem.)  Of,
   pertaining   to,   or   designating,   a  vanadic  acid  analogous  to
   metaphosphoric acid.


   Met`a*xy"lene  (?), n. [Pref. meta- + xylene.] (Chem.) That variety of
   xylene, or dimethyl benzene, in which the two methyl groups occupy the
   meta position with reference to each other. It is a colorless inf


   M\'82`ta`yage"  (?),  n.  [F.  See M\'82tayer.] A system of farming on
   halves. [France & Italy]


   M\'82`ta`yer" (F. ?; E. ?), n. [F., fr. LL. medietarius, fr. L. medius
   middle,  half.  See  Mid,  a.]  One  who  cultivates  land for a share
   (usually one half) of its yield, receiving stock, tools, and seed from
   the landlord. [France & Italy] Milman.


   Met`a*zo"a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Those animals in which
   the  protoplasmic  mass,  constituting  the  egg,  is converted into a
   multitude  of  cells,  which are metamorphosed into the tissues of the
   body.  A central cavity is commonly developed, and the cells around it
   are at first arranged in two layers, -- the ectoderm and endoderm. The
   group comprises nearly all animals except the Protozoa.


   Met`a*zo"an (?), n.; pl. Metazoans (. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Metazoa.


   Met`a*zo"ic (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Metazoa.


   Met`a*zo"\'94n (?), n. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the Metazoa.


   Mete (?), n. Meat. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mete, v. t. & i. To meet. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mete,  v. i. & t. [imp. Mette (?); p. p. Met.] [AS. m.] To dream; also
   impersonally;  as,  me  mette,  I  dreamed. [Obs.] "I mette of him all
   night." Chaucer.


   Mete  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Meted; p. pr. & vb. n. Meting.] [AS.
   metan;  akin  to  D.  meten,  G.  messen, OHG. mezzan, Icel. meta, Sw.
   m\'84ta,  Goth.  mitan,  L.  modus  measure, moderation, modius a corn
   measure, Gr. measure, L. metiri to measure; cf. Skr. m\'be to measure.
   &root;99.  Cf.  Measure,  Meet,  a.,  Mode.]  To  find  the  quantity,
   dimensions, or capacity of, by any rule or standard; to measure.


   Mete (?), v. i. To measure. [Obs.] Mark iv. 24.


   Mete,  n. [AS. met. See Mete to measure.] Measure; limit; boundary; --
   used chiefly in the plural, and in the phrase metes and bounds.


   Mete"corn`  (?),  n.  A quantity of corn formerly given by the lord to
   his  customary  tenants,  as an encouragement to, or reward for, labor
   and faithful service.


   Mete"ly,  a.  According  to  measure  or  proportion;  proportionable;
   proportionate. [Obs.]

                           Metempiric, Metempirical

   Met`em*pir"ic  (?),  Met`em*pir"ic*al  (?),  a. [Pref. met- + empiric,
   -ical.]  (Metaph.)  Related, or belonging, to the objects of knowledge
   within the province of metempirics.

     If then the empirical designates the province we include within the
     range  of  science, the province we exclude may be fitly styled the
     metempirical. G. H. Lewes.


   Met*em*pir"i*cism   (?),   n.  The  science  that  is  concerned  with


   Met`em*pir"ics  (?), n. The concepts and relations which are conceived
   as beyond, and yet as related to, the knowledge gained by experience.


   Me*temp"sy*chose (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Metempsychosed (?); p. pr. &
   vb.  n.  Metempsychosing  (?).]  [See Metempsychosis.] To translate or
   transfer, as the soul, from one body to another. [R.] Peacham.


   Me*temp`sy*cho"sis  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. Psychology.] The passage of
   the  soul,  as an immortal essence, at the death of the animal body it
   had inhabited, into another living body, whether of a brute or a human
   being; transmigration of souls. Sir T. Browne.


   Met`emp*to"sis  (?),  n.  [NL., from Gr. (Chron.) The suppression of a
   day  in  the  calendar to prevent the date of the new moon being set a
   day  too  late,  or  the suppression of the bissextile day once in 134
   years.  The  opposite to this is the proemptosis, or the addition of a
   day every 330 years, and another every 2,400 years.


   Met`en*ceph"a*lon  (?),  n. [Met- + encephalon.] (Anat.) The posterior
   part  of  the  brain, including the medulla; the afterbrain. Sometimes
   abbreviated to meten.


   Met`en*so`ma*to"sis  (?),  n. [L., a change of body (by the soul), fr.
   Gr.  (Biol.)  The assimilation by one body or organism of the elements
   of another.


   Me"te*or (?), n. [F. m\'82t\'82ore, Gr.

   1.  Any  phenomenon  or appearance in the atmosphere, as clouds, rain,
   hail, snow, etc.

     Hail, an ordinary meteor. Bp. Hall.

   2.  Specif.:  A  transient  luminous  body  or  appearance seen in the
   atmosphere, or in a more elevated region.

     The  vaulty  top of heaven Figured quite o'er with burning meteors.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e te rm is especially applied to fireballs, and the
     masses  of  stone  or  other substances which sometimes fall to the
     earth; also to shooting stars and to ignes fatui. Meteors are often
     classed   as:  aerial  meteors,  winds,  tornadoes,  etc.;  aqueous
     meteors,  rain,  hail, snow, dew, etc.; luminous meteors, rainbows,
     halos,  etc.;  and  igneous meteors, lightning, shooting stars, and
     the like.


   Me`te*or"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. m\'82t\'82orique.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  meteor, or to meteors; atmospheric, as,
   meteoric phenomena; meteoric stones.

   2. Influenced by the weather; as, meteoric conditions.

   3.  Flashing;  brilliant; transient; like a meteor; as, meteoric fame.
   "Meteoric politician." Craik.
   Meteoric  iron,  Meteoric  stone.  (Min.)  See  Meteorite. -- Meteoric
   paper, a substance of confervoid origin found floating in the air, and
   resembling  bits  of  coarse  paper;  --  so  called  because formerly
   supposed  to  fall  from  meteors.  --  Meteoric  showers,  periodical
   exhibitions  of  shooting  stars,  occuring  about  the 9th or 10th of
   August  and  13th  of November, more rarely in April and December, and
   also at some other periods.


   Me`te*or"ic*al (?), a. Meteoric.


   Me"te*or*ism  (?),  n.  (Med.)  Flatulent  distention  of the abdomen;


   Me"te*or*ite  (?), n. [Cf. F. m\'82t\'82orite.] (Min.) A mass of stone
   or iron which has fallen to the earth from space; an a\'89rolite.

     NOTE: &hand; Me teorites usually show a pitted surface with a fused
     crust,  caused by the heat developed in their rapid passage through
     the  earth's  atmosphere.  A  meteorite may consist: 1. Of metallic
     iron,  alloyed  with  a  small percentage of nickel (meteoric iron,
     holosiderite).   When   etched   this   usually  exhibits  peculiar
     crystalline  figures,  called  Widmanst\'84tten  figures.  2.  Of a
     cellular  mass  of  iron  with  imbedded silicates (mesosiderite or
     siderolite).  3.  Of  a  stony  mass  of silicates with little iron
     (meteoric  stone,  sporadosiderite).  4.  Of  a  mass  without iron

   <-- Comm: carbonaceous? Add mark for composition? -->


   Me"te*or*ize  (?), v. i. [Gr. To ascend in vapors; to take the form of
   a meteor. Evelyn.


   Me`te*or"o*graph  (?),  n.  [Meteor  +  -graph.]  An  instrument which
   registers meteorologic phases or conditions.


   Me`te*or`o*graph"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to meteorography.


   Me`te*or*og"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [Meteor  + -graphy.] The registration of
   meteorological phenomena.

   Page 919


   Me"te*or*oid  (?),  n.  [Meteor + -oid.] (Astron.) A small body moving
   through  space,  or  revolving  about  the  sun, which on entering the
   earth's atmosphere would be deflagrated and appear as a meteor.

     These bodies [small, solid bodies] before they come into the air, I
     call meteoroids. H. A. Newton.


   Me`te*or*oid"al  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  meteoroid  or to


   Me`te*or"o*lite   (?;   277),   n.   [Meteor   +   -lite   :   cf.  F.
   m\'82t\'82orolithe.] A meteoric stone; an a\'89rolite; a meteorite.

                         Meteoroligic, Meteorological

   Me`te*or`o*lig"ic    (?),    Me`te*or`o*log"ic*al    (?),    a.   [Gr.
   m\'82t\'82orologique.]  Of  or  pertaining  to  the atmosphere and its
   phenomena,  or  to  meteorology.  Meteorological table, Meteorological
   register,  a table or register exhibiting the state of the air and its
   temperature, weight, dryness, moisture, motion, etc.


   Me`te*or*ol"o*gist  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. m\'82t\'82orologiste.] A person
   skilled in meteorology.


   Me`te*or*ol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  m\'82t\'82orologie. See Meteor.] The
   science which treats of the atmosphere and its phenomena, particularly
   of its variations of heat and moisture, of its winds, storms, etc.


   Me`te*or"o*man`cy    (?),    n.    [Meteor   +   -mancy   :   cf.   F.
   m\'82t\'82oromancie.]  A  species of divination by meteors, chiefly by
   thunder  and  lightning,  which  was  held  in  high estimation by the


   Me`te*or*om"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Meteor  +  -meter.]  An  apparatus which
   transmits  automatically  to  a central station atmospheric changes as
   marked by the anemometer, barometer, thermometer, etc.


   Me`te*or"o*scope  (?;  277),  n. [Gr. m\'82t\'82oroscope. See Meteor.]
   (Astron.)  (a)  An  astrolabe; a planisphere. [Obs.] (b) An instrument
   for  measuring  the  position,  length, and direction, of the apparent
   path of a shooting star.


   Me*te"o*rous (? OR ?), a. [See Meteor.] Of the nature or appearance of
   a meteor.


   -me"ter  (?).  [L.  metrum measure, or the allied Gr. Meter rhythm.] A
   suffix  denoting  that  by  which anything is measured; as, barometer,
   chronometer, dynamometer.


   Me"ter (?), n. [From Mete to measure.]

   1. One who, or that which, metes or measures. See Coal-meter.

   2.   An   instrument   for   measuring,   and  usually  for  recording
   automatically, the quantity measured.
   Dry meter, a gas meter having measuring chambers, with flexible walls,
   which  expand and contract like bellows and measure the gas by filling
   and emptying. -- W, a gas meter in which the revolution of a chambered
   drum in water measures the gas passing through it.


   Me"ter,  n.  A  line above or below a hanging net, to which the net is
   attached in order to strengthen it.

                                 Meter, Metre

   Me"ter,  Me"tre  (?),  n.  [OE. metre, F. m\'8atre, L. metrum, fr. Gr.
   m\'be to measure. See Mete to measure.]

   1.  Rhythmical arrangement of syllables or words into verses, stanzas,
   strophes,  etc.;  poetical measure, depending on number, quantity, and
   accent  of  syllables;  rhythm;  measure;  verse;  also,  any specific
   rhythmical arrangements; as, the Horatian meters; a dactylic meter.

     The only strict antithesis to prose is meter. Wordsworth.

   2. A poem. [Obs.] Robynson (More's Utopia).

   3. A measure of length, equal to 39.37 English inches, the standard of
   linear  measure  in  the metric system of weights and measures. It was
   intended  to  be,  and  is  very nearly, the ten millionth part of the
   distance  from the equator to the north pole, as ascertained by actual
   measurement of an arc of a meridian. See Metric system, under Metric.
   Common meter (Hymnol.), four iambic verses, or lines, making a stanza,
   the  first  and third having each four feet, and the second and fourth
   each  three  feet;  --  usually indicated by the initials C.M. -- Long
   meter (Hymnol.), iambic verses or lines of four feet each, four verses
   usually making a stanza; -- commonly indicated by the initials L.M. --
   Short  meter (Hymnol.), iambic verses or lines, the first, second, and
   fourth  having  each  three  feet, and the third four feet. The stanza
   usually  consists of four lines, but is sometimes doubled. Short meter
   is indicated by the initials S.M.
   Me"ter*age  (?), n. [See 1st Meter.] The act of measuring, or the cost
   of measuring. 


   Me"ter*gram`  (?),  n.  (Mech.)  A measure of energy or work done; the
   power  exerted  in  raising one gram through the distance of one meter
   against gravitation.


   Mete"wand` (?), n. [Mete to measure + wand.] A measuring rod. Ascham.


   Mete"yard`  (?),  n.  [AS.  metgeard.  See  Mete  to measure, and Yard
   stick.] A yard, staff, or rod, used as a measure. [Obs.] Shak.


   Meth (?), n. See Meathe. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Met`h\'91m*o*glo"bin (? OR ?), n. [Pref. met- + h.] (Physiol. Chem.) A
   stable   crystalline   compound   obtained  by  the  decomposition  of
   hemoglobin. It is found in old blood stains.


   Meth"al  (?),  n.  [Myristic  + ether + alcohol.] (Chem.) A white waxy
   substance, found in small quantities in spermaceti as an ethereal salt
   of  several  fatty  acids,  and  regarded as an alcohol of the methane


   Meth"ane  (?),  n.  [See Methal.] (Chem.) A light, colorless, gaseous,
   inflammable  hydrocarbon,  CH4;  marsh  gas. See Marsh gas, under Gas.
   Methane  series  (Chem.), a series of saturated hydrocarbons, of which
   methane  is  the  first member and type, and (because of their general
   chemical  inertness and indifference) called also the paraffin (little
   affinity)  series. The lightest members are gases, as methane, ethane;
   intermediate  members  are liquids, as hexane, heptane, etc. (found in
   benzine,  kerosene,  etc.); while the highest members are white, waxy,
   or fatty solids, as paraffin proper.


   Me*theg"lin (?), n. [W. meddyglyn; medd mead + llyn liquor, juice. See
   Mead  a  drink.]  A  fermented beverage made of honey and water; mead.


   Meth"ene (?), n. [Methyl + ethylene.] (Chem.) See Methylene.


   Meth"e*nyl   (?),   n.  [Methene  +  -yl.]  (Chem.)  The  hypothetical
   hydrocarbon  radical  CH,  regarded as an essential residue of certain
   organic compounds.


   Meth"ide  (?  OR  ?),  n.  [See  Methyl.] (Chem.) A binary compound of
   methyl with some element; as, aluminium methide, Al2(CH3)6.


   Me*thinks"  (?), v. impers. [imp. Methought (?).] [AS. žyncan to seem,
   m&emac;  žynce&edh;, m&emac; ž&umac;hte, OE. me thinketh, me thoughte;
   akin  to  G. d\'81nken to seem, denken to think, and E. think. See Me,
   and Think.] It seems to me; I think. See Me. [R., except in poetry.]

     In  all  ages  poets  have  been  had  in  special reputation, and,
     methinks, not without great cause. Spenser.


   Me*thi"on*ate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt of methionic acid.


   Meth`i*on"ic (?), a. [Methyl + thionic.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or
   designating,   a  sulphonic  (thionic)  acid  derivative  of  methane,
   obtained  as  a stable white crystalline substance, CH2.(SO3H)2, which
   forms well defined salts.


   Meth"od  (?),  n. [F. m\'82thode, L. methodus, fr. Gr. meqodos method,
   investigation following after; meta` after + "odo`s way.]

   1.  An orderly procedure or process; regular manner of doing anything;
   hence, manner; way; mode; as, a method of teaching languages; a method
   of improving the mind. Addison.

   2.  Orderly  arrangement, elucidation, development, or classification;
   clear  and  lucid  exhibition;  systematic  arrangement peculiar to an

     Though this be madness, yet there's method in it. Shak.

     All method is a rational progress, a progress toward an end. Sir W.

   3.  (Nat.  Hist.)  Classification;  a  mode  or  system of classifying
   natural  objects  according to certain common characteristics; as, the
   method of Theophrastus; the method of Ray; the Linn\'91an method. Syn.
   --  Order;  system;  rule;  regularity;  way;  manner;  mode;  course;
   process;  means.  -- Method, Mode, Manner. Method implies arrangement;
   mode,  mere  action  or existence. Method is a way of reaching a given
   end by a series of acts which tend to secmode
   relates  to  a  single  action, or to the form which a series of acts,
   viewed  as  a  whole,  exhibits. Manner is literally the handling of a
   thing,  and  has  a  wider  sense,  embracing both method and mode. An
   instructor  may  adopt a good method of teaching to write; the scholar
   may  acquire  a bad mode of holding his pen; the manner in which he is
   corrected will greatly affect his success or failure.

                             Methodic, Methodical

   Me*thod"ic   (?),   Me*thod"ic*al   (?),   a.   [L.   methodicus,  Gr.

   1.  Arranged  with regard to method; disposed in a suitable manner, or
   in  a  manner  to  illustrate  a  subject,  or to facilitate practical
   observation; as, the methodical arrangement of arguments; a methodical
   treatise. "Methodical regularity." Addison.

   2.  Proceeding  with regard to method; systematic. "Aristotle, strict,
   methodic, and orderly." Harris.

   3.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  ancient  school  of physicians called
   methodists.  Johnson. -- Me*thod"ic*al*ly, adv. -- Me*thod"ic*al*ness,


   Me*thod"ios (?), n. The art and principles of method.


   Meth"o*dism  (?),  n.  (Eccl.)  The  system  of doctrines, polity, and
   worship, of the sect called Methodists. Bp. Warburton.


   Meth"o*dist (?), n. [Cf. F. m\'82thodiste. See Method.]

   1. One who observes method. [Obs.]

   2. One of an ancient school of physicians who rejected observation and
   founded their practice on reasoning and theory. Sir W. Hamilton.

   3.  (Theol.)  One  of  a  sect of Christians, the outgrowth of a small
   association  called the "Holy Club," formed at Oxford University, A.D.
   1729,  of  which the most conspicuous members were John Wesley and his
   brother   Charles;   --  originally  so  called  from  the  methodical
   strictness of members of the club in all religious duties.

   4.  A person of strict piety; one who lives in the exact observance of
   religious duties; -- sometimes so called in contempt or ridicule.


   Meth"o*dist,  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  sect of Methodists; as,
   Methodist hymns; a Methodist elder.

                          Methodistic, Methodistical

   Meth`o*dis"tic  (?),  Meth`o*dis"tic*al  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to
   methodists, or to the Methodists. -- Meth`o*dis"tic*al*ly, adv.


   Meth`od*i*za"tion  (?),  n.  The act or process of methodizing, or the
   state of being methodized.


   Meth"od*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Methodized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Methodizing  (?).]  To  reduce  to method; to dispose in due order; to
   arrange  in  a  convenient  manner;  as,  to  methodize  one's work or
   thoughts. Spectator.


   Meth"od*i`zer (?), n. One who methodizes.


   Meth`od*o*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to methodology.


   Meth`od*ol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -logy.]  The  science  of  method  or
   arrangement; a treatise on method. Coleridge.


   Meth"ol  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -ol.]  (Chem.)  The  technical name of methyl
   alcohol  or  wood spirit; also, by extension, the class name of any of
   the series of alcohols of the methane series of which methol proper is
   the type. See Methyl alcohol, under Methyl.


   Me*thought" (?), imp. of Methinks.


   Meth*ox"yl  (?),  n.  [Methyl  +  hydroxyl.]  (Chem.)  A  hypothetical
   radical, CH3O, analogous to hydroxyl.


   Meth"yl  (?),  n. [See Methylene.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon radical, CH3,
   not  existing  alone  but regarded as an essential residue of methane,
   and  appearing  as  a  component  part of many derivatives; as, methyl
   alcohol,  methyl  ether,  methyl  amine,  etc.  [Formerly written also
   methule,  methyle,  etc.]  Methyl  alcohol (Chem.), a light, volatile,
   inflammable  liquid, CH3.OH, obtained by the distillation of wood, and
   hence  called  wood spirit<-- wood alcohol -->; -- called also methol,
   carbinol,  etc.  --  Methyl  amine  (Chem.), a colorless, inflammable,
   alkaline  gas,  CH3.NH2,  having  an  ammoniacal,  fishy  odor.  It is
   produced  artificially, and also occurs naturally in herring brine and
   other  fishy  products.  It is regarded as ammonia in which a third of
   its  hydrogen  is  replaced  by  methyl, and is a type of the class of
   substituted ammonias. -- Methyl ether (Chem.), a light, volatile ether
   CH3.O.CH3, obtained by the etherification of methyl alcohol; -- called
   also  methyl  oxide.  --  Methyl green. (Chem.) See under Green, n. --
   Methyl  orange.  (Chem.)  See Helianthin. -- Methyl violet (Chem.), an
   artificial  dye,  consisting  of certain methyl halogen derivatives of


   Meth"yl*al  (?),  n.  [Methylene + alcohol.] (Chem.) A light, volatile
   liquid, H2C(OCH3)2, regarded as a complex ether, and having a pleasant
   ethereal  odor.  It  is  obtained  by  the partial oxidation of methyl
   alcohol. Called also formal.


   Meth`yl*am"ine (? OR ?), n. (Chem.) See Methyl amine, under Methyl.


   Meth"yl*ate  (?),  n.  [Methyl + alcoholate.] (Chem.) An alcoholate of
   methyl  alcohol in which the hydroxyl hydrogen is replaced by a metal,
   after the analogy of a hydrate; as, sodium methylate, CH3ONa.


   Meth"yl*ate  (?),  v.  t.  To  impregnate or mix with methyl or methyl


   Meth"yl*a`ted  (?), a. (Chem.) Impregnated with, or containing, methyl
   alcohol or wood spirit; as, methylated spirits.


   Meth"yl*ene  (?),  n.  [F.  m\'82thyl\'8ane,  from  Gr.  wood spirit.]
   (Chem.)  A  hydrocarbon radical, CH2, not known in the free state, but
   regarded  as an essential residue and component of certain derivatives
   of  methane;  as,  methylene  bromide, CH2Br2; -- formerly called also
   methene.  Methylene blue (Chem.), an artificial dyestuff consisting of
   a  complex  sulphur  derivative of diphenyl amine; -- called also pure


   Me*thyl"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing,
   methyl; specifically, designating methyl alcohol. See under Methyl.


   Me*thys"ti*cin  (?),  n. (Chem.) A white, silky, crystalline substance
   extracted  from  the  thick  rootstock  of  a species of pepper (Piper
   methysticum) of the South Sea Islands; -- called also kanakin.


   Met"ic  (?  OR  ?;  277),  n.  [Gr.  metoecus, F. m\'82t\'8aque.] (Gr.
   Antiq.)  A  sojourner;  an  immigrant;  an alien resident in a Grecian
   city, but not a citizen. Mitford.

     The  whole force of Athens, metics as well as citizens, and all the
     strangers who were then in the city. Jowett (Thucyd. ).


   Me*tic"u*lous  (?),  a.  [L.  meticulosus,  fr.  metus  fear:  cf.  F.
   m\'82ticuleux.] Timid; fearful. -- Me*tic"u*lous*ly, adv.

                           M\'82tif, n. m. M\'82tive

   M\'82`tif" (?), n. m. M\'82`tive" (?), n. f.[F.] See M\'82tis.

                          M\'82tis, n. m. M\'82tisse

   M\'82`tis" (?), n. m. M\'82`tisse" (?), n. f.[F.; akin to Sp. mestizo.
   See Mestizo.]

   1. The offspring of a white person and an American Indian.

   2.  The  offspring  of  a  white  person  and a quadroon; an octoroon.
   [Local, U. S.] Bartlett.


   Met"o*che  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Arch.) (a) The space between two
   dentils. (b) The space between two triglyphs.


   Me*ton"ic  (?), a. [Cf. F. m\'82tonique.] Pertaining to, or discovered
   by,  Meton,  the  Athenian. Metonic cycle OR year. (Astron.) See under

                            Metonymic, Metonymical

   Met`o*nym"ic  (?), Met`o*nym"ic*al (?), a. [See Metonymy.] Used by way
   of metonymy. -- Met`o*nym"ic*al*ly, adv.


   Me*ton"y*my  (?;  277), n. [L. metonymia, Gr. m\'82tonymie. See Name.]
   (Rhet.) A trope in which one word is put for another that suggests it;
   as,  we  say,  a man keeps a good table instead of good provisions; we
   read Virgil, that is, his poems; a man has a warm heart, that is, warm


   Met"o*pe (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr.

   1. (Arch.) The space between two triglyphs of the Doric frieze, which,
   among the ancients, was often adorned with carved work. See Illust. of

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The face of a crab.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e Pa rthenon, gr oups of centaurs and heroes in
     high relief occupy the metopes.


   Me*top"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the forehead or
   frontal bones; frontal; as, the metopic suture.


   Met"o*po*man`cy  (?), n. [Gr. -mancy.] Fortune telling by physiognomy.
   [R.] Urquhart.

                         Metoposcopic, Metoposcopical

   Met`o*po*scop"ic  (?),  Met`o*po*scop"ic*al  (?), a. Of or relating to


   Met`o*pos"co*pist (?), n. One versed in metoposcopy.


   Met`o*pos"co*py   (?),   n.   [Gr.   m\'82toposcopie.]  The  study  of
   physiognomy;  the art of discovering the character of persons by their
   features, or the lines of the face.


   Me*tos"te*on  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Anat.)  The  postero-lateral
   ossification  in  the  sternum of birds; also, the part resulting from
   such ossification.

   Page 920

   Page 920


   Me"tre (?), n. See Meter.


   Met"ric (?), a. [L. metricus, Gr. m\'82trique. See Meter rhythm.]

   1. Relating to measurement; involving, or proceeding by, measurement.

   2.  Of  or pertaining to the meter as a standard of measurement; of or
   pertaining  to  the  decimal system of measurement of which a meter is
   the unit; as, the metric system; a metric measurement.
   Metric  analysis  (Chem.), analysis by volume; volumetric analysis. --
   Metric system, a system of weights and measures originating in France,
   the  use  of which is required by law in many countries, and permitted
   in many others, including the United States and England. The principal
   unit  is  the  meter  (see  Meter).  From this are formed the are, the
   liter,  the stere, the gram, etc. These units, and others derived from
   them,  are  divided  decimally,  and  larger  units  are  formed  from
   multiples by 10, 100, 1,000, and 10,000. The successive multiplies are
   designated   by  the  prefixes,  deca-,  hecto-,  kilo-,  and  myria-;
   successive  parts by deci-, centi-, and milli-. The prefixes mega- and
   micro- are sometimes used to denote a multiple by one million, and the
   millionth part, respectively. See the words formed with these prefixes
   in  the  Vocabulary. For metric tables, see p. 1682. <-- nano-, pico-,
   femto-, atto-; giga-, tera, etc. -->
   Met"ric*al (?), a.
   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to the meter; arranged in meter; consisting of
   verses; as, metrical compositions.
   2.  Of  or  pertaining to measurement; as, the inch, foot, yard, etc.,
   are metrical terms; esp., of or pertaining to the metric system.
   Met"ric*al*ly, adv. In a metrical manner.
   Me*tri"cian  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  m\'82tricien.  See  Meter  rhythm.] A
   composer of verses. [Obs.]
                                 Metric system
   Met"ric sys"tem (?). See Metric, a.
   Met`ri*fi*ca"tion (?), n. Composition in metrical form; versification.
   [R.] Tennyson.
   Met"ri*fy  (?), v. i. [L. metrum meter + -fy: cf. F. m\'82trifier.] To
   make verse. [R.] Skelton.
   Me"trist (?), n. A maker of verses. Bale.
     Spenser was no mere metrist, but a great composer. Lowell.
   Me*tri"tis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. -tis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the
   Met"ro*chrome (?), n. [Gr. An instrument for measuring colors.
   Met"ro*graph  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -graph.]  An  instrument  attached  to a
   locomotive  for recording its speed and the number and duration of its
   Met`ro*log"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. m\'82trologique.] Of or pertaining to
   Me*trol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. -m\'82trologie.] The science of, or a system
   of, weights and measures; also, a treatise on the subject.
   Met`ro*ma"ni*a (?), n. [Gr. mania.] A mania for writing verses.
   Met`ro*ma"ni*ac (?), n. One who has metromania.
   Me*trom"e*ter (?), n. [Gr. -meter.] (Med.) An instrument for measuring
   the size of the womb. Knight.
   Met"ro*nome  (?),  n. [Gr. m\'82tronome, It. metronomo.] An instrument
   consisting  of  a  short  pendulum with a sliding weight. It is set in
   motion by clockwork, and serves to measure time in music.
   Me*tron"o*my  (?),  n.  [See  Metronome.]  Measurement  of  time by an
   Met`ro*nym"ic  (?),  a. [Gr. Derived from the name of one's mother, or
   other  female  ancestor;  as,  a  metronymic name or appellation. -- A
   metronymic appellation.
   Met"ro*pole   (?),   n.  [Cf.  F.  m\'82tropole.  See  Metropolis.]  A
   metropolis. [Obs.] Holinshed.
   Me*trop"o*lis (?), n. [L. metropolis, Gr. Mother, and Police.]
   1. The mother city; the chief city of a kingdom, state, or country.
     [Edinburgh] gray metropolis of the North. Tennyson.
   2.  (Eccl.)  The  seat, or see, of the metropolitan, or highest church
     The great metropolis and see of Rome. Shak.
   Met`ro*pol"i*tan   (?;   277),   a.   [L.   metropolitanus:   cf.   F.
   1. Of or pertaining to the capital or principal city of a country; as,
   metropolitan luxury.
   2.  (Eccl.)  Of,  pertaining to, or designating, a metropolitan or the
   presiding bishop of a country or province, his office, or his dignity;
   as, metropolitan authority. "Bishops metropolitan." Sir T. More.


   Met`ro*pol"i*tan, n. [LL. metropolitanus.]

   1. The superior or presiding bishop of a country or province.

   2. (Lat. Church.) An archbishop.

   3.  (Gr.  Church)  A bishop whose see is civil metropolis. His rank is
   intermediate between that of an archbishop and a patriarch. Hook.


   Met`ro*pol"i*tan*ate (?), n. The see of a metropolitan bishop. Milman.


   Me*trop"o*lite (?), n. [L. metropolita, Gr. A metropolitan. Barrow.


   Met`ro*po*lit"ic*al  (?), a. Of or pertaining to a metropolis; being a
   metropolis; metropolitan; as, the metropolitical chair. Bp. Hall.


   Met`ror*rha"gi*a  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Profuse bleeding from
   the womb, esp. such as does not occur at the menstrual period.


   Met"ro*scope  (?), n. [Gr. -scope.] A modification of the stethoscope,
   for directly auscultating the uterus from the vagina.


   Met`ro*si*de"ros  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A myrtaceous genus of
   trees  or  shrubs,  found  in Australia and the South Sea Islands, and
   having very hard wood. Metrosideros vera is the true ironwood.


   Met"ro*tome (?), n. [See Metrotomy.] (Surg.) An instrument for cutting
   or scarifying the uterus or the neck of the uterus.


   Me*trot"o*my  (?),  n.  [Gr.  m\'82trotomie.] (Surg.) The operation of
   cutting into the uterus; hysterotomy; the C\'91sarean section.


   -me*try  (?).  [See  -meter.]  A  suffix denoting the art, process, or
   science, of measuring; as, acidmetry, chlorometry, chronometry.


   Mette (?), obs. imp. of Mete, to dream. Chaucer.


   Met"tle (?), n. [E. metal, used in a tropical sense in allusion to the
   temper of the metal of a sword blade. See Metal.] Substance or quality
   of  temperament;  spirit,  esp.  as regards honor, courage, fortitude,
   ardor, etc.; disposition; -- usually in a good sense.

     A certain critical hour which shall... try what mettle his heart is
     made of. South.

     Gentlemen of brave mettle. Shak.

     The  winged  courser, like a generous horse, Shows most true mettle
     when you check his course. Pope.

   To  put  one  one's  mettle,  to cause or incite one to use one's best


   Met"tled  (?),  a. Having mettle; high-spirited; ardent; full of fire.


   Met"tle*some  (?), a. Full of spirit; possessing constitutional ardor;
   fiery;   as,   a   mettlesome   horse.  --  Met"tle*some*ly,  adv.  --
   Met"tle*some*ness, n.


   Meute (?), n. A cage for hawks; a mew. See 4th Mew, 1. Milman.


   Meve (?), v. t. & i. To move. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mew  (?),  n.  [AS.  m,  akin  to  D. meeuw, G. m\'94we, OHG. m, Icel.
   m\'ber.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  gull,  esp. the common British species (Larus
   canus); called also sea mew, maa, mar, mow, and cobb.


   Mew, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mewed; p. pr. & vb. n. Mewing.] [OE. muen, F.
   muer,  fr.  L. mutare to change, fr. movere to move. See Move, and cf.
   Mew  a  cage, Molt.] To shed or cast; to change; to molt; as, the hawk
   mewed his feathers.

     Nine times the moon had mewed her horns. Dryden.


   Mew,  v. i. To cast the feathers; to molt; hence, to change; to put on
   a new appearance.

     Now  everything  doth  mew,  And  shifts  his  rustic  winter robe.


   Mew, n. [OE. mue, F. mue change of feathers, scales, skin, the time or
   place  when  the  change  occurs,  fr. muer to molt, mew, L. mutare to
   change. See 2d Mew.]

   1.  A  cage for hawks while mewing; a coop for fattening fowls; hence,
   any  inclosure;  a  place  of confinement or shelter; -- in the latter
   sense usually in the plural.

     Full many a fat partrich had he in mewe. Chaucer.

     Forthcoming from her darksome mew. Spenser.

     Violets in their secret mews. Wordsworth.

   2.  A  stable  or range of stables for horses; -- compound used in the
   plural,  and  so called from the royal stables in London, built on the
   site of the king's mews for hawks.


   Mew,  v.  t. [From Mew a cage.] To shut up; to inclose; to confine, as
   in a cage or other inclosure.

     More pity that the eagle should be mewed. Shak.

     Close mewed in their sedans, for fear of air. Dryden.


   Mew,  v.  i.  [Of  imitative  origin; cf. G. miauen.] To cry as a cat.
   [Written also meaw, meow.] Shak.


   Mew, n. The common cry of a cat. Shak.


   Mewl  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Mewled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Mewling.]
   [Cf. F. miauler to mew, E. mew to cry as a cat. Cf. Miaul.] To cry, as
   a young child; to squall. [Written also meawl.] Shak.


   Mewl"er (?), n. One that mewls.


   Mews  (?), n. sing. & pl. [Prop. pl. of mew. See Mew a cage.] An alley
   where there are stables; a narrow passage; a confined place. [Eng.]

     Mr.  Turveydrop's  great  room...  was built out into a mews at the
     back. Dickens.

                                Mexal, Mexical

   Mex*al" (?), Mex"i*cal (#), n. [Sp. mexcal.] See Mescal.


   Mex"i*can  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to Mexico or its people. -- n. A
   native  or  inhabitant  of  Mexico.  Mexican  poppy (Bot.), a tropical
   American  herb  of  the Poppy family (Argemone Mexicana) with much the
   look  of  a  thistle,  but  having  large yellow or white blossoms. --
   Mexican  tea (Bot.), an aromatic kind of pigweed from tropical America
   (Chenopodium ambrosioides).


   Mex"i*can*ize  (?),  v.  t. To cause to be like the Mexicans, or their
   country, esp. in respect of frequent revolutions of government.


   Mex"i*can*ize,  v. i. To become like the Mexicans, or their country or


   Neyn"e (?), n. [Obs.] Same as Meine.


   Mez*cal" (?), n. Same as Mescal.


   Me*ze"re*on  (?),  n.  [F.  m\'82z\'82r\'82on, Per. m\'bezriy&umac;n.]
   (Bot.)  A  small European shrub (Daphne Mezereum), whose acrid bark is
   used in medicine.


   Mez*qui"ta (?), n. [Sp.] A mosque.


   Mez"u*zoth    (?),    n.    [Heb.   m&ecr;z&umac;z&omac;th,   pl.   of
   m&ecr;z&umac;z\'beh  doorpost.]  A  piece  of  parchment  bearing  the
   Decalogue  and  attached  to  the  doorpost;  -- in use among orthodox
   Hebrews.<--  now mezuzah or mezuzah, used for the scroll together with
   the case in which it is contained -->


   Mez"za*nine  (?), n. [F. mezzanine, It. mezzanino, fr. mezzano middle,
   fr.  mezzo middle, half. See Mezzo.] (Arch.) (a) Same as Entresol. (b)
   A  partial  story which is not on the same level with the story of the
   main  part of the edifice, as of a back building, where the floors are
   on a level with landings of the staircase of the main house.

                                  Mezza voce

   Mez"za  vo"ce  (?).  [It.,  fr.  mezzo, fem. mezza middle, half + voce
   voice, L. vox.] (Mus.) With a medium fullness of sound.


   Mez"zo  (?), a. [It., from L. medius middle, half. See Mid, a.] (Mus.)
   Mean; not extreme.


   Mez"zo-re*lie"vo (?), n. Mezzo-rilievo.


   Mez"zo-ri*lie"vo  (?),  n.  [It.]  (a)  A  middle  degree of relief in
   figures,  between  high  and low relief. (b) Sculpture in this kind of
   relief. See under Alto-rilievo.


   Mez"zo-so*pra"no  (?),  a.  (Mus.) Having a medium compass between the
   soprano  and contralto; -- said of the voice of a female singer. -- n.
   (a) A mezzo-soprano voice. (b) A person having such a voice.


   Mez"zo*tint  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. mezzo-tinto.] A manner of engraving on
   copper  or  steel  by drawing upon a surface previously roughened, and
   then  removing  the roughness in places by scraping, burnishing, etc.,
   so  as to produce the requisite light and shade. Also, an engraving so


   Mez"zo*tint, v. t. To engrave in mezzotint.


   Mez"zo*tint`er (?), n. One who engraves in mezzotint.


   Mez`zo*tin"to (?), n. [It. mezzo half + tinto tinted, p. p. of tingere
   to dye, color, tinge, L. tingere. See Mezzo.] Mezzotint.


   Mez`zo*tin"to,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Mezzotintoed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Mezzotintoing   (?).]   To  engrave  in  mezzotint;  to  represent  by


   Mhorr (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Mohr.


   Mi  (?),  n.  [It.] (Mus.) A syllable applied to the third tone of the
   scale  of  C,  i.  e., to E, in European solmization, but to the third
   tone of any scale in the American system.


   Mi*a"mis (?), n. pl.; sing. Miami (. (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians that
   formerly occupied the country between the Wabash and Maumee rivers.


   Mi*ar"gy*rite  (?),  n.  [Gr. (Min.) A mineral of an iron-black color,
   and  very  sectile,  consisting  principally of sulphur, antimony, and


   Mi"as (?), n. [Malayan.] The orang-outang.


   Mi*asc"ite (?), n. [Named from Miask, in the Ural Mountains.] (Min.) A
   granitoid   rock   containing   feldspar,  biotite,  el\'91olite,  and


   Mi"asm (?), n. [Cf. F. miasme.] Miasma.


   Mi*as"ma (?), n.; pl. Miasmata (#). [NL., fr. Gr. Infectious particles
   or germs floating in the air; air made noxious by the presence of such
   particles or germs; noxious effluvia; malaria.


   Mi*as"mal (?), a. Containing miasma; miasmatic.

                            Miasmatic, Miasmatical

   Mi`as*mat"ic  (?),  Mi`as*mat"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  miasmatique.]
   Containing,  or  relating  to, miasma; caused by miasma; as, miasmatic


   Mi*as"ma*tist (?), n. One who has made a special study of miasma.


   Mi`as*mol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Miasma + -logy.] That department of medical
   science which treats of miasma.


   Mi*aul"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Miauled  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Miauling.]  [Cf.  F.  miauler,  of  imitative  origin, and E. mew. Cf.
   Mewl.] To cry as a cat; to mew; to caterwaul. Sir W. Scott.


   Mi*aul", n. The crying of a cat.


   Mi"ca  (?),  n.  [L. mica crumb, grain, particle; cf. F. mica.] (Min.)
   The  name  of  a  group  of  minerals  characterized by highly perfect
   cleavage, so that they readily separate into very thin leaves, more or
   less  elastic.  They  differ  widely in composition, and vary in color
   from pale brown or yellow to green or black. The transparent forms are
   used  in  lanterns,  the doors of stoves, etc., being popularly called
   isinglass. Formerly called also cat-silver, and glimmer.

     NOTE: &hand; Th  e im  portant sp ecies of  th e mi ca gr oup ar e:
     muscovite,  common  or  potash  mica,  pale  brown  or green, often
     silvery,  including  damourite  (also  called  hydromica); biotite,
     iron-magnesia  mica,  dark  brown,  green,  or black; lepidomelane,
     iron,  mica,  black;  phlogopite, magnesia mica, colorless, yellow,
     brown;  lepidolite,  lithia  mica,  rose-red,  lilac. Mica (usually
     muscovite,  also  biotite)  is an essential constituent of granite,
     gneiss,  and  mica slate; biotite is common in many eruptive rocks;
     phlogopite in crystalline limestone and serpentine.

   Mica diorite (Min.), an eruptive rock allied to diorite but containing
   mica  (biotite)  instead  of  hornblende.  --  Mica  powder, a kind of
   dynamite  containing  fine  scales of mica. -- Mica schist, Mica slate
   (Geol.),  a  schistose  rock,  consisting  of  mica  and  quartz with,
   usually, some feldspar.


   Mi*ca`ce*o-cal*ca"re*ous  (?),  a. (Geol.) Partaking of the nature of,
   or  consisting  of,  mica  and  lime;  --  applied  to  a  mica schist
   containing carbonate of lime.


   Mi*ca"ceous  (?), a. [Cf. F. micac\'82.] Pertaining to, or containing,
   mica; splitting into lamin\'91 or leaves like mica.


   Mice (?), n., pl of Mouse.


   Mi*cel"la (?), n.; pl. Micell\'91 (#). [NL., dim. of L. mica a morsel,
   grain.]  (Biol.) A theoretical aggregation of molecules constituting a
   structural  particle  of protoplasm, capable of increase or diminution
   without change in chemical nature.

                                  Mich, Miche

   Mich,  Miche  (?),  v.  i.  [OE.  michen;  cf. OE. muchier, mucier, to
   conceal,  F.  musser,  and  OHG.  m&umac;hhen  to  waylay. Cf. Micher,
   Curmudgeon, Muset.] To lie hid; to skulk; to act, or carry one's self,
   sneakingly. [Obs. or Colloq.] [Written also meach and meech.] Spenser.


   Mich"ael*mas   (?),   n.   [Michael  +  mass  religious  service;  OE.
   Mighelmesse.]  The  feat  of the archangel Michael, a church festival,
   celebrated  on  the  29th  of  September. Hence, colloquially, autumn.
   Michaelmas daisy. (Bot.) See under Daisy.


   Mich"er  (?),  n. [OE. michare, muchare. See Mich.] One who skulks, or
   keeps  out  of  sight; hence, a truant; an idler; a thief, etc. [Obs.]


   Mich"er*y (?), n. Theft; cheating. [Obs.] Gower.


   Mich"ing,  a.  Hiding;  skulking;  cowardly.  [Colloq.]  [Written also
   meaching and meeching.]

   Page 921


   Mic"kle  (?),  a. [OE. mikel, muchel, mochel, mukel, AS. micel, mycel;
   akin  to  OS.  mikil,  OHG. mihil, mihhil, Icel. mikill, mykill, Goth.
   mikils, L. magnus, Gr. mahat. &root;103. Cf. Much, Muckle, Magnitude.]
   Much;  great.  [Written also muckle and mockle.] [Old Eng. & Scot.] "A
   man of mickle might." Spenser.


   Mic"macs  (?),  n.  pl.;  sing. Micmac (. (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians
   inhabiting Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. [Written also Mikmaks.]


   Mi"co  (?),  n.  [Sp.  or Pg. mico.] (Zo\'94l.) A small South American
   monkey  (Mico  melanurus),  allied  to  the  marmoset.  The  name  was
   originally applied to an albino variety.


   Mi`cra*cous"tic (?), a. Same as Microustic.


   Mi*cras"ter  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) A genus of sea urchins,
   similar  to  Spatangus,  abounding in the chalk formation; -- from the
   starlike disposal of the ambulacral furrows.


   Mi`cren*ceph"a*lous (?), [Micr- + Gr. Having a small brain.

                                 Micro-, Micr-

   Mi"cro-  (?),  Mi"cr-.  [Gr.  A  combining form signifying: (a) Small,
   little,  trivial,  slight;  as,  microcosm,  microscope.  (b)  (Metric
   System,  Elec.,  Mech.,  etc.)  A  millionth  part of; as, microfarad,
   microohm, micrometer.


   Mi`cro*am`p\'8are"  (?),  n.  [Micr-  + amp\'8are.] (Elec.) One of the
   smaller  measures  of  electrical  currents; the millionth part of one


   Mi`cro*bac*te"ri*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Micro-,  and Bacterium.]
   (Biol.)  In  the  classification  of  Cohn,  one of the four tribes of

     NOTE: &hand; In  this classification bacteria are divided into four
     tribes:  1.  Spherobacteria,  or  spherical  bacteria, as the genus
     Micrococcus.  2.  Microbacteria,  or  bacteria in the form of short
     rods,  including the genus Bacterium. 3. Desmobacteria, or bacteria
     in  straight  filaments,  of which the genus Bacillus is a type. 4.
     Spirobacteria,  or  bacteria  in  spiral  filaments,  as  the genus

                              Microbe, Microbion

   Mi"crobe  (?),  Mi*cro"bi*on (?), n. [NL. microbion, fr. Gr. (Biol.) A
   microscopic   organism;   --  particularly  applied  to  bacteria  and
   especially to pathogenic forms; as, the microbe of fowl cholera.


   Mi*cro"bi*an  (?),  a.  (Biol.)  Of,  pertaining  to,  or  caused  by,
   microbes; as, the microbian theory; a microbian disease.


   Mi*crob"ic (?), a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to a microbe.


   Mi*crob"i*cide  (?),  n.  [Microbe  + L. caedere to kill.] (Biol.) Any
   agent  detrimental  to,  or  destructive  of,  the life of microbes or
   bacterial organisms.

                         Microcephalic, Microcephalous

   Mi`cro*ce*phal"ic  (?), Mi`cro*ceph"a*lous (?), a. [Micro- + cephalic,
   cephalous.]  (Anat.)  Having  a  small head; having the cranial cavity
   small; -- opposed to megacephalic.


   Mi`cro-chem"ic*al  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to micro-chemistry; as, a
   micro-chemical test.


   Mi`cro-chem"is*try  (?),  n.  [Micro- + chemistry.] The application of
   chemical  tests  to minute objects or portions of matter, magnified by
   the use of the microscopy; -- distinguished from macro-chemistry.


   Mi`cro*chro*nom"e*ter (?), n. A chronoscope.


   Mi"cro*cline  (?),  n.  [Micro- + Gr. (Min.) A mineral of the feldspar
   group,   like  orthoclase  or  common  feldspar  in  composition,  but
   triclinic in form.


   Mi`cro*coc"cal  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to micrococci; caused by
   micrococci. Nature.


   Mi`cro*coc"cus  (?),  n.;  pl.  Micrococci  (#).  [NL. See Micro-, and
   Coccus.]  (Biol.) A genus of Spherobacteria, in the form of very small
   globular or oval cells, forming, by transverse division, filaments, or
   chains  of  cells,  or  in  some  cases  single  organisms shaped like
   dumb-bells (Diplococcus), all without the power of motion. See Illust.
   of Ascoccus.

     NOTE: &hand; Ph ysiologically, mi crococci ar e di vided into three
     groups;  chromogenic,  characterized  by  their  power  of  forming
     pigment;   zymogenic,  including  those  associated  with  definite
     chemical processes; and pathogenic, those connected with disease.


   Mi"cro*cosm  (?),  n. [F. microcosme, L. microcosmus, fr. Gr. A little
   world;  a  miniature universe. Hence (so called by Paracelsus), a man,
   as a supposed epitome of the exterior universe or great world. Opposed
   to macrocosm. Shak.

                          Microcosmic, Microcosmical

   Mi`cro*cos"mic  (?), Mi`cro*cos"mic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. microcosmique.]
   Of  or  pertaining to the microcosm. Microcosmic salt (Chem.), a white
   crystalline substance obtained by mixing solutions of sodium phosphate
   and ammonium phosphate, and also called
   hydric-sodic-ammonic-phosphate.  It is a powerful flux, and is used as
   a  substitute  for  borax  as  a  blowpipe  reagent in testing for the
   metallic  oxides.  Originally  obtained  by  the alchemists from human
   urine, and called sal microcosmicum.
   Mi`cro*cos*mog"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [Microcosm + -graphy.] Description of
   man as a microcosm.
   Mi`cro*cou`lomb"  (?),  n.  [Micro-  +  coulomb.] (Elec.) A measure of
   electrical quantity; the millionth part of one coulomb.
   Mi`cro*cous"tic  (?),  a.  [Micro-  + acoustic: cf. F. microcoustique,
   micracoustique.]  Pertaining,  or  suited,  to  the  audition of small
   sounds; fitted to assist hearing. 


   Mi`cro*cous"tic,  n. An instrument for making faint sounds audible, as
   to a partially deaf person.


   Mi`cro*crith" (?), n. [Micro- + crith.] (Chem.) The weight of the half
   hydrogen  molecule,  or of the hydrogen atom, taken as the standard in
   comparing  the atomic weights of the elements; thus, an atom of oxygen
   weighs sixteen microcriths. See Crith. J. P. Cooke.


   Mi`cro*crys"tal*line  (?),  a.  [Micro-  + crystalline.] (Crystallog.)
   Crystalline  on  a  fine,  or  microscopic,  scale; consisting of fine
   crystals;   as,   the   ground   mass   of   certain   porphyrics   is


   Mi"cro*cyte  (?),  n.  [Micro-  + Gr. (Physiol.) One of the elementary
   granules  found  in  blood.  They  are  much  smaller than an ordinary
   corpuscle,   and   are  particularly  noticeable  in  disease,  as  in


   Mic"ro*dont (?), a. [Micr- + Gr. (Anat.) Having small teeth.


   Mi`cro*far"ad  (?), n. [Micro- + farad.] (Elec.) The millionth part of
   a farad.


   Mi"cro*form  (?), n. [Micro- + form, n.] (Biol.) A microscopic form of
   life; an animal or vegetable organism microscopic size.


   Mi`cro-ge`o*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to micro-geology.


   Mi`cro-ge*ol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Micro-  +  geology.] The part of geology
   relating to structure and organisms which require to be studied with a


   Mi"cro*graph  (?),  n.  [See Micrography.] An instrument for executing
   minute writing or engraving.


   Mi`cro*graph"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to micrography.


   Mi*crog"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [Micro- + -graphy: cf. F. micrographie.] The
   description of microscopic objects.


   Mi*crohm" (?), n. [Micr- + ohm.] (Elec.) The millionth part of an ohm.


   Mi`cro*lep`i*dop"te*ra  (?), n. pl. [NL. See Micro-, and Lepidoptera.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  A  tribe of Lepidoptera, including a vast number of minute
   species, as the plume moth, clothes moth, etc.


   Mi`cro*les"tes  (?),  n.  [NL., from Gr. (Paleon.) An extinct genus of
   small Triassic mammals, the oldest yet found in European strata.


   Mi"cro*lite (?), n. [Micro- + -lite.] (Min.)

   1.  A rare mineral of resinous luster and high specific gravity. It is
   a tantalate of calcium, and occurs in octahedral crystals usually very

   2.  (Min.)  A minute inclosed crystal, often observed when minerals or
   rocks are examined in thin sections under the microscope.


   Mi"cro*lith (?), n. [Micro- + lith.] (Min.) Same as Microlite, 2.


   Mi`cro*lith"ic (?), a. Formed of small stones.

                           Micrologic, Micrological

   Mi`cro*log"ic  (?),  Mi`cro*log"ic*al  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to
   micrology;    very    minute;    as,    micrologic   examination.   --
   Mi`cro*log"ic*al*ly, adv.<-- pref. = microscopic -->


   Mi*crol"o*gy (?), n. [Micro- + -logy.]

   1.  That  part  of  science  which  treats  of microscopic objects, or
   depends on microscopic observation.

   2. Attention to petty items or differences. W. Taylor.


   Mi"cro*mere  (?),  n.  [Micro-  +  -mere.]  (Biol.) One of the smaller
   cells,  or  blastomeres, resulting from the complete segmentation of a
   telolecithal ovum.


   Mi*crom"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Micro-  +  -meter: cf. F. microm\'8atre.] An
   instrument,  used with a telescope or microscope, for measuring minute
   distances,  or  the apparent diameters of objects which subtend minute
   angles.  The  measurement  given  directly is that of the image of the
   object  formed  at  the  focus of the object glass. Circular, OR Ring,
   micrometer,  a metallic ring fixed in the focus of the object glass of
   a  telescope, and used to determine differences of right ascension and
   declination  between  stars  by observations of the times at which the
   stars  cross the inner or outer periphery of the ring. -- Double image
   micrometer,  a  micrometer in which two images of an object are formed
   in  the  field, usually by the two halves of a bisected lens which are
   movable  along  their  line  of  section by a screw, and distances are
   determined  by  the number of screw revolutions necessary to bring the
   points  to  be  measured into optical coincidence. When the two images
   are   formed   by   a   bisected   objects   glass,  it  is  called  a
   divided-object-glass  micrometer, and when the instrument is large and
   equatorially   mounted,  it  is  known  as  a  heliometer.  --  Double
   refraction  micrometer, a species of double image micrometer, in which
   the two images are formed by the double refraction of rock crystal. --
   Filar,  OR  Bifilar,  micrometer.  See  under  Bifilar.  -- Micrometer
   caliper  OR gauge (Mech.), a caliper or gauge with a micrometer screw,
   for  measuring dimensions with great accuracy. -- Micrometer head, the
   head  of  a  micrometer  screw.  --  Micrometer microscope, a compound
   microscope  combined with a filar micrometer, used chiefly for reading
   and  subdividing  the  divisions  of large astronomical and geodetical
   instruments.  --  Micrometer screw, a screw with a graduated head used
   in  some  forms  of  micrometers.  --  Position  micrometer. See under
   Position.   --  Scale,  OR  Linear,  micrometer,  a  minute  and  very
   delicately  graduated  scale  of  equal  parts  used in the field of a
   telescope or microscope, for measuring distances by direct comparison.

                          Micrometric, Micrometrical

   Mi`cro*met"ric    (?),    Mi`cro*met"ric*al    (?),    a.    [Cf.   F.
   microm\'82trique.] Belonging to micrometry; made by the micrometer. --
   Mi`cro*met"ric*al*ly, adv.


   Mi*crom"e*try (?), n. The art of measuring with a micrometer.


   Mi`cro*mil"li*me`ter (?), n. [Micro- + millimeter.] The millionth part
   of a meter.


   Mic"ron  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Physics) A measure of length; the
   thousandth part of one millimeter; the millionth part of a meter.


   Mi"cro*ne"sian  (?),  a. [From Micronesia, fr. Gr. Of or pertaining to
   Micronesia,  a  collective  designation  of the islands in the western
   part  of the Pacific Ocean, embracing the Marshall and Gilbert groups,
   the Ladrones, the Carolines, etc.


   Mi`cro*ne"sians  (?), n. pl.; sing. Micronesian. (Ethnol.) A dark race
   inhabiting  the  Micronesian  Islands. They are supposed to be a mixed
   race, derived from Polynesians and Papuans.


   Mi`cro*nom"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Micro-  + chronometer.] An instrument for
   noting minute portions of time.


   Mi`cro*\'94r"gan*ism   (?),   n.  [Micro-  +  organism.]  (Biol.)  Any
   microscopic  form  of  life;  --  particularly applied to bacteria and
   similar   organisms,  esp.  such  are  supposed  to  cause  infectious


   Mi`cro*pan"to*graph   (?),   n.  [Micro-  +  pantograph.]  A  kind  of
   pantograph which produces copies microscopically minute.


   Mi`cro*peg"ma*tite (?), n. [Micro- + pegmatite.] (Min.) A rock showing
   under  the  microscope the structure of a graphic granite (pegmatite).
   -- Mi`cro*peg`ma*tit"ic (#), a.


   Mi"cro*phone   (?),   n.  [Micro-  +  Gr.  microphone.]  (Physics)  An
   instrument  for intensifying and making audible very feeble sounds. It
   produces  its  effects  by  the  changes  of  intensity in an electric
   current,  occasioned  by  the  variations in the contact resistance of
   conducting  bodies,  especially  of  imperfect  conductors,  under the
   action of acoustic vibrations.


   Mi`cro*phon"ics  (?), n. [See Microphone.] The science which treats of
   the means of increasing the intensity of low or weak sounds, or of the


   Mi*croph"o*nous  (?),  a.  Serving  to  augment  the intensity of weak
   sounds; microcoustic.


   Mi`cro*pho"to*graph (?), n. [Micro- + photograph.]

   1.  A  microscopically small photograph of a picture, writing, printed
   page, etc.

   2.  An  enlarged  representation  of a microscopic object, produced by
   throwing  upon  a  sensitive  plate  the  magnified image of an object
   formed by a microscope or other suitable combination of lenses.

     NOTE: &hand; A  pi cture of  th is ki nd is  pr eferably ca lled a 


   Mi`cro*pho*tog"ra*phy (?), n. The art of making microphotographs.

                         Microphthalmia, Microphthalmy

   Mi`croph*thal"mi*a  (?),  Mi`croph*thal"my  (?),  n.  [Micro- + Gr. An
   unnatural smallness of the eyes, occurring as the result of disease or
   of imperfect development.


   Mi*croph"yl*lous (?), a. [Micro- + Gr. (Bot.) Small-leaved.


   Mi*croph"y*tal  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Pertaining  to, or of the nature of,


   Mi"cro*phyte  (?),  n. [Micro- + Gr. microphyte.] (Bot.) A very minute
   plant,  one  of  certain  unicellular  alg\'91,  such  as the germs of
   various infectious diseases are believed to be.


   Mi"cro*pyle  (?),  n. [Micro- + Gr. micropyle.] (Biol.) (a) An opening
   in  the membranes surrounding the ovum, by which nutrition is assisted
   and  the  entrance of the spermatozoa permitted. (b) An opening in the
   outer  coat of a seed, through which the fecundating pollen enters the
   ovule. -- Mi*crop"y*lar (#), a.


   Mi*cros"co*pal  (?), a. Pertaining to microscopy, or to the use of the
   microscope. Huxley.


   Mi"cro*scope  (?),  n.  [Micro-  +  -scope.]  An  optical  instrument,
   consisting of a lens, or combination of lenses, for making an enlarged
   image  of an object which is too minute to be viewed by the naked eye.
   Compound  microscope,  an  instrument  consisting  of a combination of
   lenses such that the image formed by the lens or set of lenses nearest
   the  object (called the objective) is magnified by another lens called
   the   ocular   or  eyepiece.  --  Oxyhydrogen  microscope,  and  Solar
   microscope.  See  under  Oxyhydrogen, and Solar. -- Simple, OR Single,
   microscope, a single convex lens used to magnify objects placed in its


   Mi`cro*sco"pi*al (?), a. Microscopic. [R.] Berkeley.

                          Microscopic, Microscopical

   Mi`cro*scop"ic (?), Mi`cro*scop"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. microscopique.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining to the microscope or to microscopy; made with a
   microscope; as, microscopic observation.

   2. Able to see extremely minute objects.

     Why has not man a microscopic eye? Pope.

   3.  Very  small;  visible  only  by  the  aid  of  a microscope; as, a
   microscopic insect.


   Mi`cro*scop"ic*al*ly,  adv. By the microscope; with minute inspection;
   in a microscopic manner.


   Mi*cros"co*pist (?; 277), n. One skilled in, or given to, microscopy.


   Mi*cros"co*py  (?),  n.  The use of the microscope; investigation with
   the microscope.


   Mi"cro*seme  (?),  a.  [Micro- + Gr. micros\'8ame.] (Anat.) Having the
   orbital  index relatively small; having the orbits broad transversely;
   -- opposed to megaseme.

   Page 922


   Mi`cro*spec"tro*scope  (?),  n.  [Micro-  + spectroscope.] (Physics) A
   spectroscope  arranged for attachment to a microscope, for observation
   of the spectrum of light from minute portions of any substance.


   Mi`cro*spo*ran"gi*um  (?), n. [NL. See Micro-, and Sporangium.] (Bot.)
   A  sporangium  or  conceptacle containing only very minute spores. Cf.


   Mi"cro*spore  (?),  n. [Micro- + spore.] (Bot.) One of the exceedingly
   minute  spores  found in certain flowerless plants, as Selaginella and
   Isoetes,  which  bear  two kinds of spores, one very much smaller than
   the other. Cf. Macrospore.


   Mi`cro*spor"ic (?), a. (Bot.) Of or pertaining to microspores.


   Mi"cro*sthene  (?),  n.  [Micro-  +  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) One of a group of
   mammals  having  a small size as a typical characteristic. It includes
   the  lower  orders,  as  the  Insectivora,  Cheiroptera, Rodentia, and


   Mi`cro*sthen"ic  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Having a typically small size; of
   or pertaining to the microsthenes.


   Mi`cro*ta*sim"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Micro-  +  ta.] (Physics) A tasimeter,
   especially  when  arranged  for  measuring  very small extensions. See


   Mi"cro*tome  (?),  n. [Micro- + Gr. An instrument for making very thin
   sections for microscopical examination.


   Mi*cro"o*mist (?), n. One who is skilled in or practices microtomy.


   Mi*cro"o*my  (?),  n.  The  art  of using the microtome; investigation
   carried on with the microtome.


   Mi`cro*volt"   (?),   n.   [Micro-  +  volt.]  (Elec.)  A  measure  of
   electro-motive force; the millionth part of one volt.


   Mi`cro*we"ber  (?), n. [Micro- + weber.] (Elec.) The millionth part of
   one weber.


   Mi`cro*zo"a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The Infusoria.


   Mi`cro*zo"\'94*spore  (?),  n.  [Micro- + zo\'94spore.] (Bot.) A small
   motile  spore  furnished  with  two  vibratile cilia, found in certain
   green alg\'91.


   Mi"cro*zyme  (?), n. [Micro- + Gr. (Biol.) A micro\'94rganism which is
   supposed  to  act  like  a  ferment  in causing or propagating certain
   infectious or contagious diseases; a pathogenic bacterial organism.


   Mic`tu*ri"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  micturire  to  desire to make water, v.
   desid.  fr. mingere, mictum, to make water.] The act of voiding urine;
   also,  a  morbidly  frequent  passing  of the urine, in consequence of


   Mid (?), a. [Compar. wanting; superl. Midmost.] [AS. midd; akin to OS.
   middi,  D.  mid  (in  comp.),  OHG.  mitti, Icel. mi, Goth. midjis, L.
   medius,  Gr.  madhya.  Amid,  Middle,  Midst, Mean, Mediate, Meridian,
   Mizzen, Moiety.]

   1. Denoting the middle part; as, in mid ocean.

     No  more the mounting larks, while Daphne sings, Shall list'ning in
     mid air suspend their wings. Pope.

   2.  Occupying  a  middle position; middle; as, the mid finger; the mid
   hour of night.

   3. (Phon.) Made with a somewhat elevated position of some certain part
   of  the tongue, in relation to the palate; midway between the high and
   the  low;  --  said  of certain vowel sounds; as, \'be (\'bele), &ecr;
   (&ecr;ll), &omac; (&omac;ld). See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 10, 11.

     NOTE: &hand; Mi d is  mu ch us ed as  a  prefix, or combining form,
     denoting  the  middle  or  middle  part  of  a  thing; as, mid-air,
     mid-channel,  mid-age, midday, midland, etc. Also, specifically, in
     geometry, to denote a circle inscribed in a triangle (a midcircle),
     or relation to such a circle; as, mid-center, midradius.


   Mid, n. Middle. [Obs.]

     About the mid of night come to my tent. Shak.


   Mid, prep. See Amid.


   Mi"da (?), n. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The larva of the bean fly.


   Mi"das  (?),  n.  [So  called  from L. Midas, a man fabled to have had
   ass's  ears.]  (Zo\'94l.) A genus of longeared South American monkeys,
   including numerous species of marmosets. See Marmoset.

                                  Midas's ear

   Mi"das's  ear"  (?).  [See  Midas.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  pulmonate  mollusk
   (Auricula,  OR  Ellobium, aurismid\'91); -- so called from resemblance
   to a human ear.


   Mid"brain`  (?),  n.  [Mid, a. + brain.] (Anat.) The middle segment of
   the brain; the mesencephalon. See Brain.


   Mid"day`  (?),  n.  [AS.  midd\'91g. See Mid, a., and Day.] The middle
   part of the day; noon.


   Mid"day`, a. Of or pertaining to noon; meridional; as, the midday sun.


   Mid"den  (?),  n.  [Also midding.] [Cf. Dan. m\'94gdynge, E. muck, and

   1. A dunghill. [Prov. Eng.]

   2.  An  accumulation  of refuse about a dwelling place; especially, an
   accumulation  of  shells or of cinders, bones, and other refuse on the
   supposed  site  of the dwelling places of prehistoric tribes, -- as on
   the  shores  of  the  Baltic Sea and in many other places. See Kitchen

                                  Midden crow

   Mid"den crow" (?). (Zo\'94l.) The common European crow. [Prov. Eng.]


   Mid"dest (?), a.; superl. of Mid. [See Midst.] Situated most nearly in
   the  middle; middlemost; midmost. [Obs.] " 'Mongst the middest crowd."


   Mid"dest, n. Midst; middle. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Mid"ding (?), n. Same as Midden.


   Mid"dle  (?),  a.  [OE.  middel,  AS.  middel; akin to D. middel, OHG.
   muttil, G. mittel. Mid, a.]

   1. Equally distant from the extreme either of a number of things or of
   one  thing; mean; medial; as, the middle house in a row; a middle rank
   or station in life; flowers of middle summer; men of middle age.

   2. Intermediate; intervening.

     Will, seeking good, finds many middle ends. Sir J. Davies.

     NOTE: &hand; Mi  ddle is   so metimes us ed in  th e fo rmation of 
     selfexplaining compounds; as, middle-sized, middle-witted.

   Middle Ages, the period of time intervening between the decline of the
   Roman  Empire  and  the  revival  of  letters.  Hallam  regards  it as
   beginning  with  the  sixth  and ending with the fifteenth century. --
   Middle  class,  in  England,  people who have an intermediate position
   between   the   aristocracy   and   the  artisan  class.  It  includes
   professional men, bankers, merchants, and small landed proprietors

     The middle-class electorate of Great Britain. M. Arnold.

   -- Middle distance. (Paint.) See Middle-ground. -- Middle English. See
   English,  n., 2. -- Middle Kingdom, China. -- Middle oil (Chem.), that
   part  of  the  distillate  obtained  from  coal  tar which passes over
   between 170° and 230° Centigrade; -- distinguished from the light, and
   the  heavy  or  dead, oil. -- Middle passage, in the slave trade, that
   part  of  the  Atlantic  Ocean  between Africa and the West Indies. --
   Middle  post.  (Arch.)  Same as King-post. -- Middle States, New York,
   New  Jersey,  Pennsylvania,  and  Delaware;  which, at the time of the
   formation of the Union, occupied a middle position between the Eastern
   States (or New England) and the Southern States. [U.S.] -- Middle term
   (Logic),  that  term  of  a  syllogism with which the two extremes are
   separately  compared,  and by means of which they are brought together
   in  the  conclusion.  Brande.  --  Middle  tint (Paint.), a subdued or
   neutral  tint.  Fairholt. -- Middle voice. (Gram.) See under Voice. --
   Middle watch, the period from midnight to four A. M.; also, the men on
   watch during that time. Ham. Nav. Encyc. -- Middle weight, a pugilist,
   boxer,  or  wrestler  classed as of medium weight, i. e., over 140 and
   not over 160 lbs., in distinction from those classed as light weights,
   heavy weights, etc.


   Mid"dle (?), n. [AS. middel. See Middle, a.] The point or part equally
   distant  from  the  extremities  or  exterior  limits, as of a line, a
   surface,  or  a solid; an intervening point or part in space, time, or
   order  of  series;  the  midst;  central  portion; specif., the waist.
   Chaucer. "The middle of the land." Judg. ix. 37. 

     In this, as in most questions of state, there is a middle. Burke.

   Syn. -- See Midst.


   Mid"dle-age` (?), [Middle + age. Cf. Medi\'91val.] Of or pertaining to
   the Middle Ages; medi\'91val.


   Mid"dle-aged`  (?),  a.  Being about the middle of the ordinary age of
   man;  between  30  and  50  years  old.<--  now considered as 40 to 60
   [MW10]!! -->


   Mid"dle-earth`  (?),  n. The world, considered as lying between heaven
   and  hell. [Obs.]<-- a land in Tolkien's "Hobbit" and "Ring" books -->


   Mid"dle-ground`  (?),  n.  (Paint.) That part of a picture between the
   foreground and the background.


   Mid"dle*man (?), n.; pl. Middlemen (.

   1.  An  agent  between two parties; a broker; a go-between; any dealer
   between  the producer and the consumer; in Ireland, one who takes land
   of  the  proprietors  in  large tracts, and then rents it out in small
   portions to the peasantry.

   2. A person of intermediate rank; a commoner.

   3.  (Mil.)  The  man  who  occupies  a  central  position in a file of


   Mid"dle*most`  (?),  a. [Cf. Midmost.] Being in the middle, or nearest
   the middle; midmost.


   Mid"dler (?), n. One of a middle or intermediate class in some schools
   and seminaries.


   Mid"dling  (?),  a.  Of  middle  rank,  state, size, or quality; about
   equally   distant  from  the  extremes;  medium;  moderate;  mediocre;
   ordinary. "A town of but middling size." Hallam.

     Plainly  furnished,  as  beseemed the middling circumstances of its
     inhabitants. Hawthorne.

   -- Mid"dling*ly, adv. -- Mid"dling*ness, n.


   Mid"dlings (?), n. pl.

   1. A combination of the coarser parts of ground wheat the finest bran,
   separated  from the fine flour and coarse bran in bolting; -- formerly
   regarded  as  valuable only for feed; but now, after separation of the
   bran,  used  for making the best quality of flour. Middlings contain a
   large proportion of gluten.

   2. In the southern and western parts of the United States, the portion
   of  the  hog  between  the ham and the shoulder; bacon; -- called also
   middles. Bartlett.


   Mid"dy   (?),   n.;  pl.  Middies  (.  A  colloquial  abbreviation  of


   Mid"feath`er (?), n.

   1.  (Steam Boilers) A vertical water space in a fire box or combustion

   2. (Mining) A support for the center of a tunnel.


   Mid"gard`  (?), n. [Icel. mi&edh;gar&edh;r.] (Scand. Myth.) The middle
   space  or  region  between heaven and hell; the abode of human beings;
   the earth.


   Midge  (?),  n.  [OE. migge, AS. mycge; akin to OS. muggia, D. mug, G.
   m\'81cke,  OHG. mucca, Icel. m, Sw. mygga, mygg, Dan. myg; perh. named
   from its buzzing; cf. Gr. (Zo\'94l.)

   1.  Any  one  of  many  small,  delicate,  long-legged  flies  of  the
   Chironomus,  and  allied genera, which do not bite. Their larv\'91 are
   usually aquatic.

   2.  A  very small fly, abundant in many parts of the United States and
   Canada, noted for the irritating quality of its bite.

     NOTE: &hand; The name is also applied to various other small flies.
     See Wheat midge, under Wheat.


   Midg"et (?), n. [Dim. of midge.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) A minute bloodsucking fly. [Local, U. S.]

   2. A very diminutive person.


   Mid"gut`  (?),  n.  [Mid,  a.  +  gut.] (Anat.) The middle part of the
   alimentary  canal  from the stomach, or entrance of the bile duct, to,
   or including, the large intestine.


   Mid"heav`en (?), n.

   1. The midst or middle of heaven or the sky.

   2. (Astron.) The meridian, or middle line of the heavens; the point of
   the ecliptic on the meridian.


   Mid"land (?), a.

   1.  Being in the interior country; distant from the coast or seashore;
   as, midland towns or inhabitants. Howell.

   2. Surrounded by the land; mediterranean.

     And on the midland sea the French had awed. Dryden.


   Mid"land  (?),  n.  The  interior  or  central region of a country; --
   usually in the plural. Drayton.


   Mid"main`  (?),  n.  The  middle  part  of  the  main or sea. [Poetic]


   Mid"most` (?), a. [OE. middemiste. Cf. Foremost.] Middle; middlemost.

     Ere night's midmost, stillest hour was past. Byron.


   Mid"night`  (?),  n.  [AS.  midniht.]  The middle of the night; twelve
   o'clock at night.

     The iron tongue of midnight hath told twelve. Shak.


   Mid"night`,  a.  Being  in,  or  characteristic  of, the middle of the
   night;  as,  midnight  studies;  midnight  gloom.  "Midnight shout and
   revelry." Milton.


   Mid*rash"   (?),   n.;  pl.  Midrashim  (#),  Midrashoth  (#).  [Heb.,
   explanation.] A talmudic exposition of the Hebrew law, or of some part
   of it.


   Mid"rib`  (?), n. (Bot.) A continuation of the petiole, extending from
   the base to the apex of the lamina of a leaf.


   Mid"riff  (?),  n. [AS. midhrif; midd mid, middle + hrif bowels, womb;
   akin  to  OFries. midref midriff, rif, ref, belly, OHG. href body, and
   to L. corpus body. See Corpse.] (Anat.) See Diaphragm, n., 2.

     Smote him into the midriff with a stone. Milton.

   <-- no pos in original. Should be n. -->

                              Mid sea, OR Mid-sea

   Mid"  sea",  OR  Mid"-sea"  (?).  The middle part of the sea or ocean.
   Milton. The Mid-sea, the Mediterranean Sea. [Obs.]


   Mid"ship`,  a. Of or pertaining to, or being in, the middle of a ship.
   Midship  beam (Naut.), the beam or timber upon which the broadest part
   of  a  vessel  is  formed.  --  Midship  bend, the broadest frame in a
   vessel. Weale.


   Mid"ship`man (?), n.; pl. Midshipmen (.

   1.  (a)  Formerly,  a  kind  of  naval  cadet, in a ship of war, whose
   business  was  to  carry  orders, messages, reports, etc., between the
   officers  of  the quarter-deck and those of the forecastle, and render
   other  services  as  required.  (b)  In the English naval service, the
   second rank attained by a combatant officer after a term of service as
   naval  cadet.  Having  served three and a half years in this rank, and
   passed  an  examination,  he  is  eligible to promotion to the rank of
   lieutenant.  (c)  In  the  United  States  navy,  the  lowest grade of
   officers  in  line  of promotion, being graduates of the Naval Academy
   awaiting promotion to the rank of ensign.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) An American marine fish of the genus Porichthys, allied
   to the toadfish.
   Cadet midshipman, formerly a title distinguishing a cadet line officer
   from  a cadet engineer at the U. S. Naval Academy. See under Cadet. --
   Cadet  midshipman,  formerly,  a  naval cadet who had served his time,
   passed his examinations, and was awaiting promotion; -- now called, in
   the United States, midshipman; in England, sublieutenant.
   Mid"ships`,  adv. [For amidships.] (Naut.) In the middle of a ship; --
   properly amidships.
   Mid"ships`,  n.  pl.  (Naut.)  The timbers at the broadest part of the
   vessel. R. H. Dana, Jr.
   Midst  (?),  n.  [From  middest,  in the middest, for older in middes,
   where  -s  is  adverbial  (orig. forming a genitive), or still older a
   midde, a midden, on midden. See Mid, and cf. Amidst.] 

   1.  The interior or central part or place; the middle; -- used chiefly
   in the objective case after in; as, in the midst of the forest.

     And when the devil had thrown him in the midst, he came out of him.
     Luke iv. 35.

     There is nothing... in the midst [of the play] which might not have
     been placed in the beginning. Dryden.

   2.  Hence,  figuratively,  the condition of being surrounded or beset;
   the  press;  the  burden;  as, in the midst of official duties; in the
   midst of secular affairs.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ex pressions in  our midst, in their midst, etc.,
     are  avoided by some good writers, the forms in the midst of us, in
     the midst of them, etc., being preferred.

   Syn.  -- Midst, Middle. Midst in present usage commonly denotes a part
   or  place  surrounded  on enveloped by or among other parts or objects
   (see  Amidst);  while  middle  is  used  of  the  center of length, or
   surface,  or of a solid, etc. We say in the midst of a thicket; in the
   middle  of  a line, or the middle of a room; in the midst of darkness;
   in the middle of the night.


   Midst, prep. In the midst of; amidst. Shak.


   Midst, adv. In the middle. [R.] Milton.


   Mid"sum`mer  (?),  n.  [AS.  midsumor.]  The  middle  of summer. Shak.
   Midsummer daisy (Bot.), the oxeye daisy.


   Mid"ward (?), a. Situated in the middle.


   Mid"ward, adv. In or toward the midst.


   Mid"way`  (?),  n.  The middle of the way or distance; a middle way or
   course. Shak.

     Paths indirect, or in the midway faint. Milton.


   Mid"way`,  a.  Being  in  the  middle  of the way or distance; as, the
   midway air. Shak.


   Mid"way`,  adv.  In  the middle of the way or distance; half way. "She
   met his glance midway." Dryden.


   Mid"week` (?), n. The middle of the week. Also used adjectively.


   Mid"wife`  (?),  n.;  pl.  Midwives (#). [OE. midwif, fr. AS. mid with
   (akin  to  Gr.  Meta-,  and  Wife.] A woman who assists other women in
   childbirth; a female practitioner of the obstetric art.


   Mid"wife`, v. t. To assist in childbirth.


   Mid"wife`, v. i. To perform the office of midwife.


   Mid"wife`ry (?; 277), n.

   1. The art or practice of assisting women in childbirth; obstetrics.

   2. Assistance at childbirth; help or co\'94peration in production.


   Mid"win`ter (?), n. [AS. midwinter.] The middle of winter. Dryden.

   Page 923


   Mid"wive` (?), v. t. To midwife. [Obs.]


   Mien (?), n. [F. mine; perh. from sane source as mener to lead; cf. E.
   demean,  menace,  mine,  n.]  Aspect; air; manner; demeanor; carriage;

     Vice  is a monster of so frightful mien, As, to be hated, needs but
     to be seen. Pope.


   Miff  (?),  n.  [Cf. Prov. G. muff sullenness, sulkiness, muffen to be
   silky,  muff\'8bg  sullen,  pouting.]  A  petty falling out; a tiff; a
   quarrel; offense. Fielding.


   Miff, v. t. To offend slightly. [Colloq.]


   Might (?), imp. of May. [AS. meahte, mihte.]


   Might, n. [AS. meaht, miht, from the root of magan to be able, E. may;
   akin to D. magt, OS. maht, G. macht, Icel. m\'bettr, Goth. mahts. May,
   v.]  Force  or  power  of any kind, whether of body or mind; energy or
   intensity of purpose, feeling, or action; means or resources to effect
   an object; strength; force; power; ability; capacity.

     What so strong, But wanting rest, will also want of might? Spenser.

     Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all
     thy soul, and with all thy might. Deut. vi. 5.

   With might and main. See under 2d Main.


   Might"ful (?), a. Mighty. [Obs.] Shak.


   Might"i*ly (?), adv. [From Mighty.]

   1. In a mighty manner; with might; with great earnestness; vigorously;

     Whereunto  I  also  labor, striving according to his working, which
     worketh in me mightily. Col. i. 29.

   2. To a great degree; very much.

     Practical jokes amused us mightily. Hawthorne.


   Might"i*ness, n.

   1. The quality of being mighty; possession of might; power; greatness;
   high dignity.

     How soon this mightiness meets misery. Shak.

   2.  Highness;  excellency;  --  with  a possessive pronoun, a title of
   dignity; as, their high mightinesses.


   Might"less, a. Without; weak. [Obs.]


   Might"y  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Mightier  (?);  superl.  Mightiest.] [AS.
   meahtig, mihtig; akin to G. m\'84chtig, Goth. mahteigs. See Might, n.]

   1. Possessing might; having great power or authority.

     Wise in heart, and mighty in strength. Job ix. 4.

   2. Accomplished by might; hence, extraordinary; wonderful. "His mighty
   works." Matt. xi. 20.

   3.  Denoting  and  extraordinary degree or quality in respect of size,
   character,  importance, consequences, etc. "A mighty famine." Luke xv.
   14. "Giants of mighty bone." Milton.

     Mighty was their fuss about little matters. Hawthorne.


   Might"y,  n.;  pl. Mighties (#). A warrior of great force and courage.
   [R. & Obs.] 1 Chron. xi. 12.


   Might"y,  adv.  In  a  great  degree;  very.  [Colloq.] "He was mighty
   methodical." Jeffrey.

     We have a mighty pleasant garden. Doddridge.


   Mign"iard  (?),  a.  [F.  mignard,  akin to mignon. See Minion.] Soft;
   dainty. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Mign"iard*ise  (?),  n.  [F. mignardise.] Delicate fondling. [Obs.] B.


   Mi"gnon (?), a. [F.] See 3d Minion.


   Mi"gnon, v. t. To flatter. [R. & Obs.] Danie 


   Mi`gnon*ette"  (?), n. [F. mignonnette, dim. of mignon darling. See 2d
   Minion.]  (Bot.) A plant (Reseda odorata) having greenish flowers with
   orange-colored  stamens, and exhaling a delicious fragrance. In Africa
   it  is  a  low  shrub, but further north it is usually an annual herb.
   Mignonette pepper, coarse pepper.


   Mi*graine"  (?),  n.  [F.] Same as Megrim. -- Mi*grain"ous, a. <-- now
   the preferred term -->


   Mi"grant  (?),  a.  [L.  migrans,  p.  pr.  of  migrare. See Migrate.]
   Migratory. Sir T. Browne. -- n. A migratory bird or other animal.


   Mi"grate  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Migrated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Migrating (?).] [L. migratus, p. p. of migrare to migrate, transfer.]

   1.  To  remove  from  one country or region to another, with a view to
   residence;  to  change  one's  place  of residence; to remove; as, the
   Moors who migrated from Africa into Spain; to migrate to the West.

   2.  To  pass  periodically  from  one region or climate to another for
   feeding or breeding; -- said of certain birds, fishes, and quadrupeds.


   Mi*gra"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  migratio:  cf.  F.  migration.] The act of


   Mi"gra*to*ry (?), a. [Cf. F. migratoire.]

   1.  Removing  regularly  or occasionally from one region or climate to
   another; as, migratory birds.

   2.  Hence, roving; wandering; nomad; as, migratory habits; a migratory
   Migratory   locust   (Zo\'94l.)   See   Locust.  --  Migratory  thrush
   (Zo\'94l.), the American robin. See Robin.


   Mi*ka"do  (?),  n.  [Jap.]  The  popular designation of the hereditary
   sovereign of Japan.


   Mik"maks (?), n. Same as Micmacs.


   Mil"age (?; 48), n. Same as Mileage.


   Mil`an*ese"  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to Milan in Italy, or to its
   inhabitants. -- n. sing. & pl. A native or inhabitant of Milan; people
   of Milan.


   Milch (?), a. [OE. milche; akin to G. melk, Icel. milkr, mj, and to E.
   milk. See Milk.]

   1.  Giving  milk;  -- now applied only to beasts. "Milch camels." Gen.
   xxxii. "Milch kine." Shak.

   2. Tender; pitiful; weeping. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mild  (?),  a. [Compar. Milder (?); superl. Mildest.] [AS. milde; akin
   to  OS. mildi, D. & G. mild, OHG. milti, Icel. mildr, Sw. & Dan. mild,
   Goth.  milds;  cf. Lith. melas dear, Gr. Gentle; pleasant; kind; soft;
   bland;  clement; hence, moderate in degree or quality; -- the opposite
   of  harsh, severe, irritating, violent, disagreeable, etc.; -- applied
   to persons and things; as, a mild disposition; a mild eye; a mild air;
   a mild medicine; a mild insanity.

     The  rosy  morn  resigns  her  light  And milder glory to the noon.

     Adore him as a mild and merciful Being. Rogers.

   Mild, OR Low, steel, steel that has but little carbon in it and is not
   readily  hardened.  Syn.  --  Soft;  gentle;  bland;  calm;  tranquil;
   soothing;  pleasant;  placid;  meek; kind; tender; indulgent; clement;
   mollifying; lenitive; assuasive. See Gentle.


   Mild"en (?), v. t. To make mild, or milder. Lowell.


   Mil"dew  (?),  n. [AS. melede\'a0w; akin to OHG. militou, G. mehlthau,
   mehltau;  prob.  orig.  meaning,  honeydew; cf. Goth. milip honey. See
   Mellifluous,  and  Dew.]  (Bot.)  A  growth of minute powdery or webby
   fungi,  whitish  or  of different colors, found on various diseased or
   decaying substances.


   Mil"dew, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mildewed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Mildewing.]
   To taint with mildew.

     He... mildews the white wheat. Shak.


   Mil"dew, v. i. To become tainted with mildew.


   Mild"ly (?), adv. In a mild manner.


   Mild"ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state of being mild; as, mildness of
   temper; the mildness of the winter.


   Mile  (?),  n.  [AS.  m\'c6l,  fr.  L.  millia,  milia; pl. of mille a
   thousand, i. e., milia passuum a thousand paces. Cf. Mill the tenth of
   a  cent,  Million.] A certain measure of distance, being equivalent in
   England and the United States to 320 poles or rods, or 5,280 feet.

     NOTE: &hand; The distance called a mile varies greatly in different
     countries. Its length in yards is, in Norway, 12,182; in Brunswick,
     11,816;  in  Sweden,  11,660;  in  Hungary,  9,139; in Switzerland,
     8,548;  in  Austria, 8,297; in Prussia, 8,238; in Poland, 8,100; in
     Italy,  2,025;  in  England and the United States, 1,760; in Spain,
     1,552; in the Netherlands, 1,094.

   Geographical,  OR  Nautical  mile, one sixtieth of a degree of a great
   circle of the earth, or 6080.27 feet. -- Mile run. Same as Train mile.
   See under Train. -- Roman mile, a thousand paces, equal to 1,614 yards
   English  measure.  -- Statute mile, a mile conforming to statute, that
   is,  in  England  and  the  United  States,  a  mile of 5,280 feet, as
   distinguished from any other mile.


   Mile"age (?; 48), n.

   1. An allowance for traveling expenses at a certain rate per mile.

   2.  Aggregate length or distance in miles; esp., the sum of lengths of
   tracks  or  wires  of  a  railroad  company,  telegraph  company, etc.
   [Written also milage.]
   Constructive  mileage,  a  mileage allowed for journeys supposed to be
   made, but not actually made. Bartlett.


   Mile"post`  (?),  n.  A  post,  or one of a series of posts, set up to
   indicate  spaces  of a mile each or the distance in miles from a given


   Mi*le"sian (?), a. [L. Milesius, Gr.

   1.  (Anc. Geog.) Of or pertaining to Miletus, a city of Asia Minor, or
   to its inhabitants.

   2.  (Irish  Legendary  Hist.)  Descended  from King Milesius of Spain,
   whose two sons are said to have conquered Ireland about 1300 b. c.; or
   pertaining to the descendants of King Milesius; hence, Irish.


   Mi*le"sian, n.

   1. A native or inhabitant of Miletus.

   2. A native or inhabitant of Ireland.


   Mile"stone` (?), n. A stone serving the same purpose as a milepost.


   Mil"foil  (?),  n. [F. mille-feuille, L. millefolium; mille thousand +
   folium  leaf.  See  Foil  a  leaf.]  (Bot.)  A  common  composite herb
   (Achillea Millefolium) with white flowers and finely dissected leaves;
   yarrow.  Water  milfoil  (Bot.), an aquatic herb with dissected leaves


   Mil`i*a"ri*a  (?), n. [NL. See Miliary.] (Med.) A fever accompanied by
   an  eruption of small, isolated, red pimples, resembling a millet seed
   in form or size; miliary fever.


   Mil"ia*ry  (?;  277),  a.  [L.  miliarius,  fr.  milium millet: cf. F.

   1. Like millet seeds; as, a miliary eruption.

   2.  (Med.)  Accompanied  with  an  eruption  like  millet seeds; as, a
   miliary fever.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) Small and numerous; as, the miliary tubercles of Echini.


   Mil"ia*ry, n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the small tubercles of Echini.


   Mi`lice" (?), n. [F.] Militia. [Obs.]


   Mil"i*o`la  (?),  n. [NL., dim. of L. milium millet. So named from its
   resemblance  to  millet  seed.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus of Foraminifera,
   having a porcelanous shell with several longitudinal chambers.


   Mil"i*o*lite  (?),  n. (Paleon.) A fossil shell of, or similar to, the
   genus Miliola.


   Mil"i*o*lite,  a. The same Milliolitic. Miliolite limestone (Geol.), a
   building  stone,  one of the group of the Paris basin, almost entirely
   made up of many-chambered microscopic shells.


   Mil`i*o*lit"ic  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  genus  Miliola;
   containing miliolites.


   Mil"i*tan*cy (?), n. [See Militant.]

   1. The state of being militant; warfare.

   2. A military spirit or system; militarism. H. Spencer.


   Mil"i*tant  (?),  a.  [L.  militans,  -antis, p. pr. of militare to be
   soldier: cf. F. militant. See Militate.] Engaged in warfare; fighting;
   combating; serving as a soldier. -- Mil"i*tant*ly, adv.

     At  which  command  the  powers  militant...  Moved  on in silence.

   Church  militant,  the Christian church on earth, which is supposed to
   be  engaged  in  a  constant  warfare against its enemies, and is thus
   distinguished from the church triumphant, in heaven.
   Mil"i*tar (?), a. Military. [Obs.] Bacon. 


   Mil"i*ta*ri*ly (?), adv. In a military manner.


   Mil"i*ta*rism (?), n. [Cf. F. militarisme.]

   1.  A  military  state  or  condition;  reliance  on military force in
   administering government; a military system.

   2. The spirit and traditions of military life. H. Spencer.


   Mil"i*ta*rist (?), n. A military man. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mil"i*ta*ry  (?),  a.  [L. militaris, militarius, from miles, militis,
   soldier: cf. F. militaire.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to soldiers, to arms, or to war; belonging to,
   engaged  in,  or  appropriate  to,  the affairs of war; as, a military
   parade;  military  discipline;  military  bravery;  military  conduct;
   military renown.

     Nor  do  I,  as an enemy to peace, Troop in the throngs of military
     men. Shak.

   2.  Performed or made by soldiers; as, a military election; a military
   expedition. Bacon.
   Military law. See Martial law, under Martial. -- Military order. (a) A
   command  proceeding  from  a  military superior. (b) An association of
   military  persons  under a bond of certain peculiar rules; especially,
   such an association of knights in the Middle Ages, or a body in modern
   times  taking  a  similar  form,  membership  of  which  confers  some
   distinction.  --  Military  tenure,  tenure  of  land, on condition of
   performing military service.


   Mil"i*ta*ry,  n.  [Cf.  F.  militaire.]  The  whole  body of soldiers;
   soldiery; militia; troops; the army.


   Mil"i*tate  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Militated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Militating  (?).] [L. militare, militatum, to be a soldier, fr. miles,
   militis,  soldier.]  To  make  war;  to  fight; to contend; -- usually
   followed by against and with.

     These  are great questions, where great names militate against each
     other. Burke.

     The  invisible  powers  of heaven seemed to militate on the side of
     the pious emperor. Gibbon.


   Mi*li"tia (?), n. [L., military service, soldiery, fr. miles, militis,
   soldier: cf. F. milice.]

   1.  In  the  widest  sense,  the  whole  military  force  of a nation,
   including  both  those  engaged in military service as a business, and
   those competent and available for such service; specifically, the body
   of  citizens enrolled for military instruction and discipline, but not
   subject to be called into actual service except in emergencies.

     The  king's captains and soldiers fight his battles, and yet... the
     power of the militia is he. Jer. Taylor.

   2. Military service; warfare. [Obs.] Baxter.


   Mi*li"tia*man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Militiamen  (.  One  who belongs to the


   Mi*li"ti*ate  (?),  v.  i.  To  carry  on, or prepare for, war. [Obs.]


   Milk  (?), n. [AS. meoluc, meoloc, meolc, milc; akin to OFries. meloc,
   D.  melk,  G.  milch,  OHG.  miluh, Icel. mj, Sw. mj\'94lk, Dan. melk,
   Goth.  miluks,  G.  melken  to  milk,  OHG. melchan, Lith. milszti, L.
   mulgere, Gr. Milch, Emulsion, Milt soft roe of fishes.]

   1.  (Physiol.)  A white fluid secreted by the mammary glands of female
   mammals  for  the  nourishment  of  their  young, consisting of minute
   globules  of  fat  suspended  in  a  solution of casein, albumin, milk
   sugar, and inorganic salts. "White as morne milk." Chaucer.

   2.  (Bot.)  A  kind  of juice or sap, usually white in color, found in
   certain plants; latex. See Latex.

   3.  An  emulsion  made  by  bruising  seeds;  as, the milk of almonds,
   produced by pounding almonds with sugar and water.

   4. (Zo\'94l.) The ripe, undischarged spat of an oyster.
   Condensed  milk.  See  under  Condense,  v.  t.  -- Milk crust (Med.),
   vesicular  eczema  occurring on the face and scalp of nursing infants.
   See  Eczema.  --  Milk  fever. (a) (Med.) A fever which accompanies or
   precedes  the  first  lactation.  It  is usually transitory. (b) (Vet.
   Surg.)  A  form  puerperal  peritonitis  in cattle; also, a variety of
   meningitis  occurring  in  cows  after  calving.  -- Milk glass, glass
   having a milky appearance. -- Milk knot (Med.), a hard lump forming in
   the  breast of a nursing woman, due to obstruction to the flow of milk
   and  congestion  of  the mammary glands. -- Milk leg (Med.), a swollen
   condition  of  the  leg,  usually  in  puerperal  women,  caused by an
   inflammation  of  veins,  and  characterized  by  a  white  appearance
   occasioned  by  an  accumulation  of serum and sometimes of pus in the
   cellular  tissue.  --  Milk  meats, food made from milk, as butter and
   cheese.  [Obs.] Bailey. -- Milk mirror. Same as Escutcheon, 2. -- Milk
   molar  (Anat.),  one  of  the deciduous molar teeth which are shed and
   replaced  by the premolars. -- Milk of lime (Chem.), a watery emulsion
   of calcium hydrate, produced by macerating quicklime in water. -- Milk
   parsley (Bot.), an umbelliferous plant (Peucedanum palustre) of Europe
   and Asia, having a milky juice. -- Milk pea (Bot.), a genus (Galactia)
   of leguminous and, usually, twining plants. -- Milk sickness (Med.), a
   peculiar  malignant  disease,  occurring  in some parts of the Western
   United  States, and affecting certain kinds of farm stock (esp. cows),
   and  persons  who  make  use of the meat or dairy products of infected
   cattle.  Its  chief  symptoms  in  man  are  uncontrollable  vomiting,
   obstinate  constipation,  pain,  and  muscular  tremors. Its origin in
   cattle  has  been variously ascribed to the presence of certain plants
   in  their  food,  and  to  polluted  drinking  water.  --  Milk  snake
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  harmless  American  snake (Ophibolus triangulus, or O.
   eximius).  It  is  variously  marked with white, gray, and red. Called
   also  milk  adder,  chicken  snake,  house  snake, etc. -- Milk sugar.
   (Physiol.  Chem.)  See  Lactose,  and  Sugar  of milk (below). -- Milk
   thistle  (Bot.),  an  esculent  European  thistle  (Silybum marianum),
   having  the  veins of its leaves of a milky whiteness. -- Milk thrush.
   (Med.)  See  Thrush. -- Milk tooth (Anat.), one of the temporary first
   set  of  teeth in young mammals; in man there are twenty. -- Milk tree
   (Bot.),  a  tree  yielding  a  milky  juice,  as the cow tree of South
   America  (Brosimum  Galactodendron),  and the Euphorbia balsamifera of
   the  Canaries,  the  milk  of both of which is wholesome food. -- Milk
   vessel  (Bot.),  a  special  cell  in  the inner bark of a plant, or a
   series  of cells, in which the milky juice is contained. See Latex. --
   Rock  milk.  See  Agaric  mineral, under Agaric. -- Sugar of milk. The
   sugar  characteristic of milk; a hard white crystalline slightly sweet
   substance  obtained  by evaporation of the whey of milk. It is used in
   pellets  and  powder as a vehicle for homeopathic medicines, and as an
   article of diet. See Lactose.

   Page 924


   Milk (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Milked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Milking.]

   1.  To draw or press milk from the breasts or udder of, by the hand or
   mouth; to withdraw the milk of. "Milking the kine." Gay.

     I  have given suck, and know How tender 't is to love the babe that
     milks me. Shak.

   2. To draw from the breasts or udder; to extract, as milk; as, to milk
   wholesome milk from healthy cows.

   3.  To draw anything from, as if by milking; to compel to yield profit
   or advantage; to plunder. Tyndale.

     They  [the  lawyers]  milk  an unfortunate estate as regularly as a
     dairyman does his stock. London Spectator.

   To  milk  the  street,  to squeeze the smaller operators in stocks and
   extract  a  profit  from  them,  by alternately raising and depressing
   prices  within  a short range; -- said of the large dealers. [Cant] --
   To  milk  a telegram, to use for one's own advantage the contents of a
   telegram belonging to another person. [Cant]


   Milk, v. i. To draw or to yield milk.


   Milk"en (?), a. Consisting of milk. [Obs.]


   Milk"er (?), n.

   1. One who milks; also, a mechanical apparatus for milking cows.

   2. A cow or other animal that gives milk.


   Milk"ful  (?),  a.  Full  of  milk; abounding with food. [R.] "Milkful
   vales." Sylvester.


   Milk"i*ly (?), adv. In a milky manner.


   Milk"i*ness, n. State or quality of being milky.


   Milk"-liv`ered (?), a. White-livered; cowardly; timorous.


   Milk"maid` (?), n. A woman who milks cows or is employed in the dairy.


   Milk"man  (?),  n.; pl. Milkmen (. A man who sells milk or delivers is
   to customers.


   Milk"sop`  (?),  n.  A piece of bread sopped in milk; figuratively, an
   effeminate or weak-minded person. Shak.

     To wed a milksop or a coward ape. Chaucer.

                                  Milk vetch

   Milk"  vetch`  (?). (Bot.) A leguminous herb (Astragalus glycyphyllos)
   of  Europe  and  Asia,  supposed  to increase the secretion of milk in

     NOTE: &hand; Th e na me is  so metimes ta ken fo r th e whole genus
     Astragalus,  of  which there are about two hundred species in North
     America, and even more elsewhere.


   Milk"weed`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  Any  plant  of  the genera Asclepias and
   Acerates,  abounding in a milky juice, and having its seed attached to
   a long silky down; silkweed. The name is also applied to several other
   plants with a milky juice, as to several kinds of spurge.


   Milk"wort`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  genus  of  plants  (Polygala) of many
   species.  The  common  European  P.  vulgaris was supposed to have the
   power of producing a flow of milk in nurses.

     NOTE: &hand; The species of Campanula, or bellflower, are sometimes
     called milkwort, from their juice.


   Milk"y (?), a.

   1. Consisting of, or containing, milk.

     Pails high foaming with a milky flood. Pope.

   2.  Like, or somewhat like, milk; whitish and turbid; as, the water is
   milky. "Milky juice." Arbuthnot.

   3. Yielding milk. "Milky mothers." Roscommon.

   4. Mild; tame; spiritless.

     Has friendship such a faint and milky heart? Shak.

   Milky Way. (Astron.) See Galaxy, 1.


   Mill  (?),  n.  [L. mille a thousand. Cf. Mile.] A money of account of
   the  United  States,  having  the value of the tenth of a cent, or the
   thousandth of a dollar.


   Mill,  n. [OE. mille, melle, mulle, milne, AS. myln, mylen; akin to D.
   molen,  G.  m\'81hle,  OHG.  mul\'c6, mul\'c6n, Icel. mylna; all prob.
   from  L. molina, fr. mola millstone; prop., that which grinds, akin to
   molere  to  grind, Goth. malan, G. mahlen, and to E. meal. Meal flour,
   and cf. Moline.]

   1.  A  machine  for  grinding or commuting any substance, as grain, by
   rubbing and crushing it between two hard, rough, or intented surfaces;
   as, a gristmill, a coffee mill; a bone mill.

   2.  A  machine used for expelling the juice, sap, etc., from vegetable
   tissues by pressure, or by pressure in combination with a grinding, or
   cutting process; as, a cider mill; a cane mill.

   3. A machine for grinding and polishing; as, a lapidary mill.

   4.  A  common  name  for various machines which produce a manufactured
   product,  or  change  the  form  of  a  raw material by the continuous
   repetition of some simple action; as, a sawmill; a stamping mill, etc.

   5.  A  building or collection of buildings with machinery by which the
   processes of manufacturing are carried on; as, a cotton mill; a powder
   mill; a rolling mill.

   6.  (Die  Sinking)  A hardened steel roller having a design in relief,
   used  for  imprinting a reversed copy of the design in a softer metal,
   as copper.

   7.  (Mining)  (a)  An  excavation in rock, transverse to the workings,
   from which material for filling is obtained. (b) A passage underground
   through which ore is shot.

   8. A milling cutter. See Illust. under Milling.

   9. A pugilistic. [Cant] R. D. Blackmore.
   Edge  mill,  Flint  mill, etc. See under Edge, Flint, etc. -- Mill bar
   (Iron  Works),  a  rough  bar rolled or drawn directly from a bloom or
   puddle  bar  for  conversion  into  merchant iron in the mill. -- Mill
   cinder,  slag from a puddling furnace. -- Mill head, the head of water
   employed  to  turn  the  wheel  of  a  mill.  -- Mill pick, a pick for
   dressing  millstones. -- Mill pond, a pond that supplies the water for
   a  mill.  -- Mill race, the canal in which water is conveyed to a mill
   wheel,  or  the current of water which drives the wheel. -- Mill tail,
   the  water  which  flows  from  a  mill wheel after turning it, or the
   channel  in  which  the water flows. -- Mill tooth, a grinder or molar
   tooth.  --  Mill wheel, the water wheel that drives the machinery of a
   mill.  --  Roller  mill,  a  mill  in  which  flour or meal is made by
   crushing  grain  between  rollers.  --  Stamp mill (Mining), a mill in
   which  ore  is  crushed  by  stamps.  --  To  go  through the mill, to
   experience  the  suffering  or  discipline necessary to bring one to a
   certain degree of knowledge or skill, or to a certain mental state.


   Mill  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Milled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Milling.]
   [See Mill, n., and cf. Muller.]

   1.  To  reduce  to  fine  particles, or to small pieces, in a mill; to
   grind; to comminute.

   2.  To  shape,  finish,  or  transform  by  passing through a machine;
   specifically,  to  shape  or  dress,  as  metal,  by means of a rotary

   3. To make a raised border around the edges of, or to cut fine grooves
   or  indentations  across  the edges of, as of a coin, or a screw head;
   also, to stamp in a coining press; to coin.

   4. To pass through a fulling mill; to full, as cloth.

   5. To beat with the fists. [Cant] Thackeray.

   6. To roll into bars, as steel.
   To mill chocolate, to make it frothy, as by churning.


   Mill,  v.  i. (Zo\'94l.) To swim under water; -- said of air-breathing


   Mill"board` (?), n. A kind of stout pasteboard.


   Mill"-cake`  (?),  n. The incorporated materials for gunpowder, in the
   form  of a dense mass or cake, ready to be subjected to the process of


   Mill"dam` (?), n. A dam or mound to obstruct a water course, and raise
   the water to a height sufficient to turn a mill wheel.


   Milled  (?),  a.  Having  been  subjected  to some process of milling.
   Milled  cloth, cloth that has been beaten in a fulling mill. -- Milled
   lead, lead rolled into sheets.

                               Millefiore glass

   Mil`le*fi*o"re  glass`  (?).  [It.  mille  thousand  +  flore flower.]
   Slender  rods or tubes of colored glass fused together and embedded in
   clear glass; -- used for paperweights and other small articles.


   Mi`le*na"ri*an  (?),  a.  [See  Millenary.]  Consisting  of a thousand
   years; of or pertaining to the millennium, or to the Millenarians.


   Mi`le*na"ri*an,  n. One who believes that Christ will personally reign
   on earth a thousand years; a Chiliast.

                           Milenarianism, Milenarism

   Mi`le*na"ri*an*ism   (?),   Mi"le*na*rism  (?),  n.  The  doctrine  of


   Mil"le*na*ry (?), a. [L. millenarius, fr. milleni a thousand each, fr.
   mille  a  thousand:  cf.  F. mill\'82naire. See Mile.] Consisting of a
   thousand; millennial.


   Mil"le*na*ry,  n. The space of a thousand years; a millennium; also, a
   Millenarian."During that millenary." Hare.


   Mil*len"ni*al  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to the millennium, or to a
   thousand years; as, a millennial period; millennial happiness.


   Mil*len"ni*al*ist,   n.  One  who  believes  that  Christ  will  reign
   personally  on earth a thousand years; a Chiliast; also, a believer in
   the universal prevalence of Christianity for a long period.

                         Millennialism, Millenniarism

   Mil*len"ni*al*ism   (?),  Mil*len"ni*a*rism  (?),  n.  Belief  in,  or
   expectation of, the millennium; millenarianism.


   Mil"len*nist  (?),  n.  One  who  believes  in  the millennium. [Obs.]


   Mil*len"ni*um  (?),  n.  [LL., fr. L. mille a thousand + annus a year.
   See  Mile,  and  Annual.] A thousand years; especially, thousand years
   mentioned  in  the  twentieth  chapter  in  the  twentieth  chapter of
   Revelation,  during  which holiness is to be triumphant throughout the
   world.  Some  believe  that,  during this period, Christ will reign on
   earth in person with his saints.


   Mil"le*ped (?), n. [L. millepeda; mille a thousand + pes, pedis, foot:
   cf.  F.  mille-pieds.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  myriapod with many legs, esp. a
   chilognath, as the galleyworm. [Written also millipede and milliped.]


   Mil*le*po"ra  (?), n. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of Hydrocorallia, which
   includes the millipores.


   Mil"le*pore   (?),  n.  [L.  mille  thousand  +  porus  pore:  cf.  F.
   mill\'82pore.] (Zo\'94l.) Any coral of the genus Millepora, having the
   surface  nearly smooth, and perforated with very minute unequal pores,
   or cells. The animals are hydroids, not Anthozoa. See Hydrocorallia.


   Mil"le*po*rite (?), n. (Paleon.) A fossil millepore.


   Mill"er (?), n.

   1. One who keeps or attends a flour mill or gristmill.

   2. A milling machine.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A moth or lepidopterous insect; -- so called because
   the  wings  appear  as  if  covered  with white dust or powder, like a
   miller's  clothes. Called also moth miller. (b) The eagle ray. (c) The
   hen harrier. [Prov. Eng.]
   Miller's  thumb.  (Zo\'94l.) (a) A small fresh-water fish of the genus
   Uranidea  (formerly  Cottus),  as the European species (U. gobio), and
   the American (U. gracilis); -- called also bullhead. (b) A small bird,
   as the gold-crest, chiff-chaff, and long-tailed tit. [Prov. Eng.]


   Mil"ler*ite  (?),  n. A believer in the doctrine of William Miller (d.
   1849),  who  taught that the end of the world and the second coming of
   Christ were at hand.


   Mil"ler*ite,  n.  [From  W.  H.  Miller,  of Cambridge, Eng.] (Min.) A
   sulphide of nickel, commonly occurring in delicate capillary crystals,
   also  in  incrustations  of  a bronze yellow; -- sometimes called hair


   Mil*les"i*mal   (?),   a.  [L.  millesimus,  fr.  mille  a  thousand.]
   Thousandth; consisting of thousandth parts; as, millesimal fractions.


   Mil"let  (?), n. [F., dim. of mil, L. milium; akin to Gr. mil.] (Bot.)
   The  name of several cereal and forage grasses which bear an abundance
   of  small  roundish grains. The common millets of Germany and Southern
   Europe  are Panicum miliaceum, and Setaria Italica. <-- all species in
   this note are subtypes -->

     NOTE: &hand;

   Arabian  millet  is  Sorghum  Halepense.  --  Egyptian or East Indian,
   millet  is  Penicillaria spicata. -- Indian millet is Sorghum vulgare.
   (See  under  Indian.)  -- Italian millet is Setaria Italica, a coarse,
   rank-growing  annual  grass,  valuable  for fodder when cut young, and
   bearing  nutritive  seeds;  --  called  also Hungarian grass. -- Texas
   millet  is Panicum Texanum. -- Wild millet, or Millet grass, is Milium
   effusum, a tail grass growing in woods.


   Mil"li- (?). [From L. mille a thousand.] (Metric System, Elec., Mech.,
   etc.)  A  prefix  denoting  a  thousandth  part  of;  as,  millimeter,
   milligram, milliamp\'8are.


   Mil`li*am`p\'8are"   (?),   n.   [Milli-  +  amp\'8are.]  (Elec.)  The
   thousandth part of one amp\'8are.


   Mil`liard"  (?),  n.  [F.,  from  mille,  mil,  thousand, L. mille.] A
   thousand millions; -- called also billion. See Billion.


   Mil"li*a*ry  (?),  a.  [L. milliarius containing a thousand, fr. mille
   thousand:  cf. F. milliaire milliary. See Mile.] Of or pertaining to a
   mile, or to distance by miles; denoting a mile or miles.

     A  milliary column, from which they used to compute the distance of
     all the cities and places of note. Evelyn.


   Mil"li*a*ry, n.; pl. Milliaries (#). [L. milliarium. See Milliary, a.]
   A milestone.


   Mil`lier"  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr. mille thousand.] A weight of the metric
   system, being one million grams; a metric ton.


   Mil"li*fold`   (?),   a.   [L.   mille  thousand  +  E.  fold  times.]
   Thousandfold. [R.] Davies (Holy Roode).

                            Milligram, Milligramme

   Mil"li*gram,  Mil"li*gramme  (?),  n. [F. milligramme; milli- milli- +
   gramme. See 3d Gram.] A measure of weight, in the metric system, being
   the  thousandth  part  of  a  gram,  equal  to  the  weight of a cubic
   millimeter of water, or .01543 of a grain avoirdupois.

                            Milliliter, Millilitre

   Mil"li*li`ter,  Mil"li*li`tre  (?), n. [F. millilitre; milli- milli- +
   litre.  See  Liter.]  A  measure  of  capacity  in  the metric system,
   containing  the  thousandth part of a liter. It is a cubic centimeter,
   and  is  equal  to  .061  of  an English cubic inch, or to .0338 of an
   American fluid ounce.

                            Millimeter, Millimetre

   Mil"li*me`ter,  Mil"li*me`tre (?), n. [F. millim\'8atre; milli- milli-
   +  m\'8atre.  See  3d  Meter.]  A lineal measure in the metric system,
   containing the thousandth part of a meter; equal to .03937 of an inch.
   See 3d Meter.


   Mil"li*ner  (?),  n.  [From  Milaner an inhabitant of Milan, in Italy;
   hence, a man from Milan who imported women's finery.]

   1.  Formerly,  a  man  who  imported  and dealt in small articles of a
   miscellaneous  kind,  especially  such  as  please the fancy of women.

     No milliner can so fit his customers with gloves. Shak.

   2.  A  person,  usually  a  woman, who makes, trims, or deals in hats,
   bonnets, headdresses, etc., for women.
   Man   milliner,  a  man  who  makes  or  deals  in  millinery;  hence,
   contemptuously,  a  man  who  is  busied  with trifling occupations or


   Mil"li*ner*y (?), n.

   1.  The  articles  made  or sold by milliners, as headdresses, hats or
   bonnets, laces, ribbons, and the like.

   2. The business of work of a milliner.


   Mil`li*net" (?), n. A stiff cotton fabric used by milliners for lining


   Mill"ing  (?), n. The act or employment of grinding or passing through
   a  mill;  the  process  of  fulling; the process of making a raised or
   intented  edge  upon  coin,  etc.; the process of dressing surfaces of
   various shapes with rotary cutters. See Mill. High milling, milling in
   which  grain  is  reduced to flour by a succession of crackings, or of
   slight and partial crushings, alternately with sifting and sorting the
   product. -- Low milling, milling in which the reduction is effected in
   a   single   crushing  or  grinding.  --  Milling  cutter,  a  fluted,
   sharp-edged  rotary  cutter  for  dressing  surfaces,  as of metal, of
   various  shapes.  --  Milling  machine,  a  machine  tool for dressing
   surfaces  by  rotary  cutters. -- Milling tool, a roller with indented
   edge  or  surface, for producing like indentations in metal by rolling
   pressure, as in turning; a knurling tool; a milling cutter.


   Mil"lion  (?),  n.  [F., from LL. millio, fr. L. mille a thousand. See

   1.  The  number  of  ten  hundred thousand, or a thousand thousand, --
   written 1,000, 000. See the Note under Hundred

   2. A very great number; an indefinitely large number.

     Millions of truths that a man is not concerned to know. Locke.

   3. The mass of common people; -- with the article the.

     For the play, I remember, pleased not the million. Shak.


   Mil`lion*aire"  (?;  277),  n.  [F. millionnaire.] One whose wealth is
   counted by millions of francs, dollars, or pounds; a very rich person;
   a person worth a million or more. [Written also millionnaire.]


   Mil`lion*air"ess,  n.  A  woman who is a millionaire, or the wife of a
   millionaire. [Humorous] Holmes.


   Mil"lion*a*ry  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to millions; consisting of
   millions; as, the millionary chronology of the pundits. Pinker 


   Mil"lioned (?), a. Multiplied by millions; innumerable. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mil`lion`naire" (?), n. [F.] Millionaire.


   Mil"lionth (?), a. Being the last one of a million of units or objects
   counted  in  regular  order  from the first of a series or succession;
   being one of a million.


   Mil"lionth, n. The quotient of a unit divided by one million; one of a
   million equal parts.


   Mil"li*ped (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The same Milleped.


   Mil"li*stere   (?),   n.  [F.  millist\'8are,  from  milli-  milli-  +
   st\'8are.] A liter, or cubic decimeter.


   Mil`li*we"ber  (?), n. [Milli- + weber.] (Physics) The thousandth part
   of one weber.

   Page 925

                          Millrea, Millree, Millreis

   Mill"rea` (?), Mill"ree`, Mill"reis` (?), n. See Milreis.

                              Millrind, Millrynd

   Mill"rind`  (?),  Mill"rynd`  (?),  n.  [Mill + rynd.] (Her.) A figure
   supposed  to  represent  the iron which holds a millstone by being set
   into its center.


   Mill"-sixpence (?), n. A milled sixpence; -- the sixpence being one of
   the first English coins milled (1561).


   Mill"stone` (?), n. One of two circular stones used for grinding grain
   or other substance.

     No  man  shall  take  the  nether or the upper millstone to pledge.
     Deut. xxiv. 6.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ce llular si liceous ro ck ca lled bu hrstone is 
     usually  employed for millstones; also, some kinds of lava, as that
     Niedermendig, or other firm rock with rough texture. The surface of
     a  millstone  has  usually  a series of radial grooves in which the
     powdered material collects.

   Millstone  girt (Geol.), a hard and coarse, gritty sandstone, dividing
   the Carboniferous from the Subcarboniferous strata. See Farewell rock,
   under  Farewell, a., and Chart of Geology. -- To see into, OR through,
   a millstone, to see into or through a difficult matter. (Colloq.)


   Mill"work` (?), n.

   1. The shafting, gearing, and other driving machinery of mils.

   2. The business of setting up or of operating mill machinery.


   Mill"wright` (?), n. A mechanic whose occupation is to build mills, or
   to set up their machinery.


   Mil"reis`  (?),  n.  [Pg.  mil  reis,  i. e., one thousand reis; mil a
   thousand  +  reis,  pl.  of real a rei.] A Portuguese money of account
   rated  in  the  treasury department of the United States at one dollar
   and  eight  cents;  also,  a  Brazilian  money  of  account  rated  at
   fifty-four cents and six mills.


   Milt  (?),  n. [AS. milte; akin to D. milt, G. milz, OHG. milzi, Icel.
   milti,  Dan.  milt,  Sw.  mj\'84lte,  and  prob.  to  E.  malt,  melt.
   &root;108. See Malt the grain.] (Anat.) The spleen.


   Milt, n. [Akin to Dan. melk, Sw. mj\'94lke, G. milch, and E. milk. See
   Milk.]  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The spermatic fluid of fishes. (b) The testes,
   or spermaries, of fishes when filled with spermatozoa.


   Milt, v. t. To impregnate (the roe of a fish) with milt.


   Milt"er  (?),  n.  [Cf. D. milter, G. milcher, milchner. See 2d Milt.]
   (Zo\'94l.) A male fish.


   Mil*to"ni*an (?), a. Miltonic. Lowell.


   Mil*ton"ic  (?),  a.  Of, pertaining to, or resembling, Milton, or his
   writings; as, Miltonic prose.


   Milt"waste`  (?),  [1st  milt  +  waste.] (Bot.) A small European fern
   (Asplenium Ceterach) formerly used in medicine.


   Mil"vine  (?),  a. [L. milvus kite.] (Zo\'94l.) Of or resembling birds
   of the kite kind.


   Mil"vine, n. (Zo\'94l.) A bird related to the kite.


   Mil"vus  (?),  n. [L., a kite.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of raptorial birds,
   including the European kite.


   Mime (?), n. [L. mimus, Gr. mime. Cf. Mimosa.]

   1.  A  kind  of  drama in which real persons and events were generally
   represented in a ridiculous manner.

   2. An actor in such representations.


   Mime,  v.  i.  To mimic. [Obs.] -- Mim"er (#), n. <-- #-er endings not
   usually in the "wordform" format -->


   Mim"e*o*graph  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -graph.] An autographic stencil copying
   device invented by Edison.


   Mi*me"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Rhet. & Biol.) Imitation; mimicry.


   Mim"e*tene (?), n. (Min.) See Mimetite.

                            Mimetic; 277, Mimetical

   Mi*met"ic (?; 277), Mi*met"ic*al (?),[Gr.

   1. Apt to imitate; given to mimicry; imitative.

   2. (Biol.) Characterized by mimicry; -- applied to animals and plants;
   as, mimetic species; mimetic organisms. See Mimicry.


   Mim"e*tism (?), n. [From Gr. (Biol.) Same as Mimicry.


   Mim"e*tite  (?),  n. [Gr. (Min.) A mineral occurring in pale yellow or
   brownish hexagonal crystals. It is an arseniate of lead.

                                Mimic, Mimical

   Mim"ic (?), Mim"ic*al (?), a. [L. mimicus, Gr. mimique. See Mime.]

   1. Imitative; mimetic.

     Oft, in her absence, mimic fancy wakes To imitate her. Milton.

     Man is, of all creatures, the most mimical. W. Wotton.

   2.  Consisting  of,  or  formed  by,  imitation;  imitated;  as, mimic
   gestures. "Mimic hootings." Wordsworth.

   3.  (Min.)  Imitative; characterized by resemblance to other forms; --
   applied  to  crystals  which  by  twinning  resemble simple forms of a
   higher grade of symmetry.

     NOTE: &hand; Mi mic often implies something droll or ludicrous, and
     is less dignified than imitative.

   Mimic  beetle  (Zo\'94l.),  a beetle that feigns death when disturbed,
   esp. the species of Hister and allied genera.


   Mim"ic,  n. One who imitates or mimics, especially one who does so for
   sport; a copyist; a buffoon. Burke.


   Mim"ic, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mimicked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Mimicking.]

   1. To imitate or ape for sport; to ridicule by imitation.

     The  walk,  the  words, the gesture, could supply, The habit mimic,
     and the mien belie. Dryden.

   2.  (Biol.)  To  assume  a  resemblance  to  (some other organism of a
   totally  different  nature, or some surrounding object), as a means of
   protection or advantage. Syn. -- To ape; imitate; counterfeit; mock.


   Mim"ic*al*ly (?), adv. In an imitative manner.


   Mim"ick*er (?), n.

   1. One who mimics; a mimic.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  animal  which  imitates something else, in form or


   Mim"ic*ry (?), n.

   1.  The  act  or  practice  of one who mimics; ludicrous imitation for
   sport or ridicule.

   2.  (Biol.)  Protective  resemblance;  the  resemblance  which certain
   animals  and  plants  exhibit  to  other  animals and plants or to the
   natural  objects  among  which  they  live,  -- a characteristic which
   serves  as their chief means of protection against enemies; imitation;
   mimesis; mimetism.


   Mi*mog"ra*pher  (?),  n. [L. mimographus, Gr. mimographe.] A writer of
   mimes. Sir T. Herbert.


   Mi*mo"sa  (?;  277),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  Mime.]  (Bot.)  A  genus of
   leguminous   plants,   containing  many  species,  and  including  the
   sensitive plants (Mimosa sensitiva, and M. pudica).

     NOTE: &hand; The term mimosa is also applied in commerce to several
     kinds  bark imported from Australia, and used in tanning; -- called
     also wattle bark.



   Mi`mo*tan"nic  (?),  a.  [Mimosa  + tannic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or
   designating,  a  variety  of  tannin  or  tannic acid found in Acacia,
   Mimosa, etc.


   Mi"na  (?),  n.;  pl.  L.  Min\'91  (#), E. Minas (#). [L., fr. Gr. An
   ancient  weight  or denomination of money, of varying value. The Attic
   mina was valued at a hundred drachmas.


   Mi"na (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Myna.


   Min"a*ble  (?),  a.  Such  as  can be mined; as, minable earth. Sir T.


   Mi*na"cious  (?),  a.  [L.  minax,  -acis.  See  Menace.] Threatening;
   menacing. [R.]


   Mi*nac"i*ty (?), n. Disposition to threaten. [R.]


   Min"a*ret  (?),  n.  [Sp.  minarete,  Ar.  man\'berat  lamp,  lantern,
   lighthouse,  turret,  fr.  n\'ber  to shine.] (Arch.) A slender, lofty
   tower  attached  to  a mosque and surrounded by one or more projecting
   balconies, from which the summon to prayer is cried by the muezzin.


   Min*ar"gent  (?),  n.  [Prob.  contr.  from  aluminium  +  L. argentum
   silver.]   An  alloy  consisting  of  copper,  nickel,  tungsten,  and
   aluminium; -- used by jewelers.

                           Minatorially, Minatorily

   Min`a*to"ri*al*ly  (?), Min"a*to*ri*ly (?), adv. In a minatory manner;
   with threats.


   Min"a*to*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  minatorius,  fr.  minari  to threaten. See
   Menace.] Threatening; menacing. Bacon.


   Mi*naul" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Manul.


   Mince  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Minced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Minging
   (?).]  [AS.  minsian  to grow less, dwindle, fr. min small; akin to G.
   minder  less, Goth. minniza less, mins less, adv., L. minor, adj. (cf.
   Minor);  or  more  likely fr. F. mincer to mince, prob. from (assumed)
   LL. minutiare. Minish.]

   1.  To cut into very small pieces; to chop fine; to hash; as, to mince
   meat. Bacon.

   2.  To  suppress or weaken the force of; to extenuate; to palliate; to
   tell by degrees, instead of directly and frankly; to clip, as words or
   expressions; to utter half and keep back half of.

     I  know no ways to mince it in love, but directly to say -- "I love
     you." Shak.

     Siren,  now  mince  the  sin,  And mollify damnation with a phrase.

     If, to mince his meaning, I had either omitted some part of what he
     said, or taken from the strength of his expression, I certainly had
     wronged him. Dryden.

   3. To affect; to make a parade of. [R.] Shak.


   Mince, v. i.

   1. To walk with short steps; to walk in a prim, affected manner.

     The  daughters  of  Zion are haughty, and walk with stretched forth
     necks and wanton eyes,... mincing as they go. Is. iii. 16.

     I 'll... turn two mincing steps Into a manly stride. Shak.

   2. To act or talk with affected nicety; to affect delicacy in manner.


   Mince, n. A short, precise step; an affected manner.


   Mince"-meat` (?), n. Minced meat; meat chopped very fine; a mixture of
   boiled  meat,  suet,  apples, etc., chopped very fine, to which spices
   and raisins are added; -- used in making mince pie.

                                   Mince pie

   Mince" pie` (?). A pie made of mince-meat.


   Min"cer (?), n. One who minces.


   Min"cing  (?),  a.  That minces; characterized by primness or affected


   Min"cing*ly,  adv.  In  a  mincing  manner;  not  fully; with affected


   Mind  (?),  n.  [AS. mynd, gemynd; akin to OHG. minna memory, love, G.
   minne  love,  Dan. minde mind, memory, remembrance, consent, vote, Sw.
   minne  memory,  Icel. minni, Goth. gamunds, L. mens, mentis, mind, Gr.
   manas  mind,  man  to  think.  Comment,  Man,  Mean,  v.,  3d  Mental,
   Mignonette, Minion, Mnemonic, Money.]

   1. The intellectual or rational faculty in man; the understanding; the
   intellect;  the  power  that  conceives, judges, or reasons; also, the
   entire  spiritual  nature;  the soul; -- often in distinction from the

     By  the  mind  of  man  we  understand  that  in  him which thinks,
     remembers, reasons, wills. Reid.

     What we mean by mind is simply that which perceives, thinks, feels,
     wills, and desires. Sir W. Hamilton.

     Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind. Rom. xiv. 5.

     The mind shall banquet, though the body pine. Shak.

   2.  The  state,  at  any  given  time,  of  the faculties of thinking,
   willing,  choosing, and the like; psychical activity or state; as: (a)
   Opinion; judgment; belief.

     A fool uttereth all his mind. Prov. xxix. 11.

     Being  so hard to me that brought your mind, I fear she'll prove as
     hard to you in telling her mind. Shak.

   (b) Choice; inclination; liking; intent; will.

     If it be your minds, then let none go forth. 2 Kings ix. 15.

   (c) Courage; spirit. Chapman.

   3.  Memory; remembrance; recollection; as, to have or keep in mind, to
   call to mind, to put in mind, etc.
   To  have  a mind OR great mind, to be inclined or strongly inclined in
   purpose;  -- used with an infinitive. "Sir Roger de Coverly... told me
   that  he had a great mind to see the new tragedy with me." Addison. --
   To lose one's mind, to become insane, or imbecile. -- To make up one's
   mind,  to  come  to an opinion or decision; to determine. -- To put in
   mind,  to remind. "Regard us simply as putting you in mind of what you
   already know to be good policy." Jowett (Thucyd. ).
   Mind  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Minded; p. pr. & vb. n. Minding.] [AS.
   myndian, gemynd\'c6an to remember. See Mind, n.] 

   1.  To fix the mind or thoughts on; to regard with attention; to treat
   as  of  consequence; to consider; to heed; to mark; to note. "Mind not
   high things, but condescend to men of low estate." Rom. xii. 16.

     My lord, you nod: you do not mind the play. Shak.

   2.  To  occupy  one's self with; to employ one's self about; to attend
   to; as, to mind one's business.

     Bidding him be a good child, and mind his book. Addison.

   3. To obey; as, to mind parents; the dog minds his master.

   4. To have in mind; to purpose. Beaconsfield.

     I mind to tell him plainly what I think. Shak.

   5. To put in mind; to remind. [Archaic] M. Arnold.

     He minded them of the mutability of all earthly things. Fuller.

     I do thee wrong to mind thee of it. Shak.

   Never mind, do not regard it; it is of no consequence; no matter. Syn.
   -- To notice; mark; regard; obey. See Attend.


   Mind,  v.  i.  To  give  attention or heed; to obey; as, the dog minds


   Mind"ed, a. Disposed; inclined; having a mind.

     Joseph... was minded to put her away privily. Matt. i. 19.

     If men were minded to live virtuously. Tillotson.

     NOTE: &hand; Mi nded is  much used in composition; as, high-minded,
     feeble-minded, sober-minded, double-minded.


   Mind"er (?), n.

   1.  One who minds, tends, or watches something, as a child, a machine,
   or cattle; as, a minder of a loom.

   2.  One  to be attended; specif., a pauper child intrusted to the care
   of a private person. [Eng.] Dickens.


   Mind"ful  (?),  a.  Bearing  in  mind;  regardful; attentive; heedful;

     What is man, that thou art mindful of him? Ps. viii. 4.

     I promise you to be mindful of your admonitions. Hammond.

   -- Mind"ful*ly, adv. -- Mind"ful*ness, n.


   Mind"ing, n. Regard; mindfulness.


   Mind"less, a.

   1. Not indued with mind or intellectual powers; stupid; unthinking.

   2. Unmindful; inattentive; heedless; careless.

     Cursed Athens, mindless of thy worth. Shak.


   Mine (?), n. [F.] See Mien. [Obs.]


   Mine  (?),  pron. & a. [OE. min, fr. AS. m\'c6n; akin to D. mijn, OS.,
   OFries.,  &  OHG.  m\'c6n,  G. mein, Sw. & Dan. min, Icel. minn, Goth.
   meins  my, mine, meina of me, and E. me. Me, and cf. My.] Belonging to
   me; my. Used as a pronominal to me; my. Used as a pronominal adjective
   in the predicate; as, "Vengeance is mine; I will repay." Rom. xii. 19.
   Also,  in  the  old style, used attributively, instead of my, before a
   noun beginning with a vowel.

     I kept myself from mine iniquity. Ps. xviii. 23.

     NOTE: &hand; Mi ne is  of ten us ed absolutely, the thing possessed
     being understood; as, his son is in the army, mine in the navy.

     When  a  man  deceives me once, says the Italian proverb, it is his
     fault; when twice, it is mine. Bp. Horne.

     This title honors me and mine. Shak.

     She shall have me and mine. Shak.


   Mine,  v.  i.  [F.  miner, L. minare to drive animals, in LL. also, to
   lead,  conduct, dig a mine (cf. E. lode, and lead to conduct), akin to
   L.  minari  to  threaten;  cf.  Sp.  mina mine, conduit, subterraneous
   canal,  a  spring  or  source  of water, It. mina. See Menace, and cf.

   1.  To  dig  a  mine or pit in the earth; to get ore, metals, coal, or
   precious  stones,  out of the earth; to dig in the earth for minerals;
   to  dig a passage or cavity under anything in order to overthrow it by
   explosives or otherwise.

   2.  To form subterraneous tunnel or hole; to form a burrow or lodge in
   the earth; as, the mining cony.


   Mine, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mined (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Mining.]

   1.  To dig away, or otherwise remove, the substratum or foundation of;
   to  lay  a mine under; to sap; to undermine; hence, to ruin or destroy
   by slow degrees or secret means.

     They mined the walls. Hayward.

     Too lazy to cut down these immense trees, the spoilers... had mined
     them,  and  placed  a  quantity  of gunpowder in the cavity. Sir W.

   2. To dig into, for ore or metal.

     Lead veins have been traced... but they have not been mined. Ure.

   3. To get, as metals, out of the earth by digging.

     The principal ore mined there is the bituminous cinnabar. Ure.


   Mine, n. [F., fr. LL. mina. See Mine, v. i.]

   1.  A  subterranean  cavity  or  passage;  especially:  (a)  A  pit or
   excavation  in  the  earth, from which metallic ores, precious stones,
   coal,   or   other   mineral  substances  are  taken  by  digging;  --
   distinguished  from  the  pits  from  which  stones  for architectural
   purposes are taken, and which are called quarries. (b) (Mil.) A cavity
   or tunnel made under a fortification or other work, for the purpose of
   blowing up the superstructure with some explosive agent.

   Page 926

   2.  Any place where ore, metals, or precious stones are got by digging
   or washing the soil; as, a placer mine.<-- esp. in gold mine -->

   3. Fig.: A rich source of wealth or other good. Shak.
   Mine dial, a form of magnetic compass used by miners. -- Mine pig, pig
   iron  made  wholly  from ore; in distinction from cinder pig, which is
   made  from  ore  mixed  with forge or mill cinder.<-- gold mine: (a) a
   mine  where  gold  is  obtained. (b) (Fig.) a rich source of wealth or
   other good (Mine 3.). --> Raymond.
   Min"er (?), n. [Cf. F. mineur.] 

   1.  One  who  mines;  a  digger  for  metals, etc.; one engaged in the
   business  of  getting ore, coal, or precious stones, out of the earth;
   one who digs military mines; as, armies have sappers and miners.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any of numerous insects which, in the larval state,
   excavate galleries in the parenchyma of leaves. They are mostly minute
   moths  and  dipterous  flies.  (b) The chattering, or garrulous, honey
   eater of Australia (Myzantha garrula).
   Miner's  elbow  (Med.),  a  swelling  on the black of the elbow due to
   inflammation  of the bursa over the olecranon; -- so called because of
   frequent  occurrence  in miners. -- Miner's inch, in hydraulic mining,
   the  amount  of  water  flowing under a given pressure in a given time
   through  a  hole  one inch in diameter. It is a unit for measuring the
   quantity of water supplied.


   Min"er*al  (?),  n. [F. min\'82ral, LL. minerale, fr. minera mine. See
   Mine, v. i.]

   1.  An  inorganic  species  or substance occurring in nature, having a
   definite chemical composition and usually a distinct crystalline form.
   Rocks, except certain glassy igneous forms, are either simple minerals
   or aggregates of minerals.

   2. A mine. [Obs.] Shak.

   3.  Anything  which  is  neither  animal nor vegetable, as in the most
   general   classification   of  things  into  three  kingdoms  (animal,
   vegetable, and mineral).


   Min"er*al, a.

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  minerals;  consisting  of  a mineral or of
   minerals; as, a mineral substance.

   2. Impregnated with minerals; as, mineral waters.
   Mineral   acids   (Chem.),  inorganic  acids,  as  sulphuric,  nitric,
   phosphoric,  hydrochloric,  acids,  etc.,  as  distinguished  from the
   organic  acids.  --  Mineral  blue, the name usually given to azurite,
   when reduced to an impalpable powder for coloring purposes. -- Mineral
   candle,  a candle made of paraffine. -- Mineral caoutchouc, an elastic
   mineral   pitch,  a  variety  of  bitumen,  resembling  caoutchouc  in
   elasticity  and  softness.  See  Caoutchouc, and Elaterite. -- Mineral
   chameleon  (Chem.)  See Chameleon mineral, under Chameleon. -- Mineral
   charcoal.  See  under  Charcoal.  --  Mineral cotton. See Mineral wool
   (below).  -- Mineral green, a green carbonate of copper; malachite. --
   Mineral  kingdom (Nat. Sci.), that one of the three grand divisions of
   nature  which  embraces  all  inorganic objects, as distinguished from
   plants  or  animals.  --  Mineral  oil. See Naphtha, and Petroleum. --
   Mineral  paint,  a  pigment  made  chiefly  of  some  natural  mineral
   substance, as red or yellow iron ocher. -- Mineral patch. See Bitumen,
   and Asphalt. -- Mineral right, the right of taking minerals from land.
   --  Mineral salt (Chem.), a salt of a mineral acid. -- Mineral tallow,
   a  familiar  name  for  hatchettite, from its fatty or spermaceti-like
   appearance.  --  Mineral  water.  See under Water. -- Mineral wax. See
   Ozocerite.  --  Mineral  wool,  a  fibrous wool-like material, made by
   blowing  a  powerful  jet of air or steam through melted slag. It is a
   poor   conductor  of  heat.<--  =  glass  wool?  Also  used  in  sound
   insulation. -->


   Min"er*al*ist,  n.  [Cf.  F.  min\'82raliste.] One versed in minerals;
   mineralogist. [R.]


   Min`er*al*i*za"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. min\'82ralisation.]

   1. The process of mineralizing, or forming a mineral by combination of
   a  metal  with another element; also, the process of converting into a
   mineral, as a bone or a plant.

   2. The act of impregnating with a mineral, as water.

   3.  (Bot.)  The  conversion  of a cell wall into a material of a stony


   Min"er*al*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mineralized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Mineralizing (?).] [Cf. F. min\'82raliser.]

   1. To transform into a mineral.

     In these caverns the bones are not mineralized. Buckland.

   2. To impregnate with a mineral; as, mineralized water.


   Min"er*al*ize,  v.  i.  To  go  on  an  excursion  for  observing  and
   collecting minerals; to mineralogize.


   Min"er*al*i`zer  (?),  n.  An  element which is combined with a metal,
   thus  forming  an  ore.  Thus,  in  galena,  or lead ore, sulphur is a
   mineralizer; in hematite, oxygen is a mineralizer.


   Min`er*al*og"ic*al  (?), a. [Cf. F. min\'82ralogique. See Mineralogy.]
   Of or pertaining to mineralogy; as, a mineralogical table.


   Min`er*al*og"ic*al*ly,  adv.  According  to the principles of, or with
   reference to, mineralogy.


   Min`er*al"o*gist (?), n. [Cf. F. min\'82ralogiste.]

   1. One versed in mineralogy; one devoted to the study of minerals.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A carrier shell (Phorus).


   Min`er*al"o*gize  (?),  v.  i.  To  study mineralogy by collecting and
   examining minerals. Miss Edgeworth.


   Min`er*al"o*gy (?), n.; pl. Mineralogies (#). [Mineral + -logy: cf. F.

   1.  The science which treats of minerals, and teaches how to describe,
   distinguish, and classify them.

   2. A treatise or book on this science. <-- minerology, minerological =
   misspelling for mineralogy, mineralogical -->


   Mi*ner"va  (?), n. [L.] (Rom. Myth.) The goddess of wisdom, of war, of
   the  arts  and  sciences,  of  poetry, and of spinning and weaving; --
   identified with the Grecian Pallas Athene.


   Mi*nette"   (?),   n.  The  smallest  of  regular  sizes  of  portrait


   Min"e*ver (?), n. Same as Miniver.


   Minge  (?),  v.  t. [AS. myngian; akin to E. mind.] To mingle; to mix.


   Minge, n. [Prob. corrupt. fr. midge.] (Zo\'94l.) A small biting fly; a
   midge. [Local, U. S.]


   Min"gle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mingled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Mingling
   (?).]  [From  OE.  mengen,  AS.  mengan; akin to D. & G. mengen, Icel.
   menga, also to E. among, and possibly to mix. Cf. Among, Mongrel.]

   1.  To  mix;  intermix;  to combine or join, as an individual or part,
   with  other  parts,  but  commonly  so as to be distinguishable in the
   product; to confuse; to confound.

     There was... fire mingled with the hail. Ex. ix. 24.

   2.  To  associate  or  unite in society or by ties of relationship; to
   cause or allow to intermarry; to intermarry.

     The  holy  seed  have  mingled  themselves with the people of those
     lands. Ezra ix. 2.

   3. To deprive of purity by mixture; to contaminate.

     A mingled, imperfect virtue. Rogers.

   4. To put together; to join. [Obs.] Shak.

   5. To make or prepare by mixing the ingredients of.

     [He] proceeded to mingle another draught. Hawthorne.


   Min"gle, v. i. To become mixed or blended.


   Min"gle, n. A mixture. [Obs.] Dryden.


   Min"gle*a*ble (?), a. That can be mingled. Boyle.


   Min"gled*ly (?), adv. Confusedly.


   Min"gle-man`gle  (?),  v.  t.  [Reduplicated  fr. mingle.] To mix in a
   disorderly way; to make a mess of. [Obs.] Udall.


   Min"gle-man`gle, n. A hotchpotch. [Obs.] Latimer.


   Min"gle*ment (?), n. The act of mingling, or the state of being mixed.


   Min"gler (?), n. One who mingles.


   Min"gling*ly (?), adv. In a mingling manner.


   Min`*a"ceous (?), a. Of the color of minium or red lead; miniate.


   Min"iard (?), a. Migniard. [Obs.]


   Min"iard*ize (?), v. t. To render delicate or dainty. [Obs.] Howell.


   Min"i*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Miniated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Miniating  (?).] [L. miniatus, p. p. of miniare. See Minium.] To paint
   or  tinge  with red lead or vermilion; also, to decorate with letters,
   or the like, painted red, as the page of a manuscript. T. Wharton.


   Min"i*ate  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  color of red lead or
   vermilion; painted with vermilion.


   Min"i*a*ture (?; 277), n. [It. miniatura, fr. L. miniare. See Miniate,

   1.  Originally,  a  painting  in  colors  such as those in medi\'91val
   manuscripts;  in  modern  times, any very small painting, especially a

   2. Greatly diminished size or form; reduced scale.

   3. Lettering in red; rubric distinction. [Obs.]

   4. A particular feature or trait. [Obs.] Massinger.


   Min"i*a*ture,  a. Being on a small; much reduced from the reality; as,
   a miniature copy.


   Min"i*a*ture, v. t. To represent or depict in a small compass, or on a
   small scale.


   Min"i*a*tur`ist (?), n. A painter of miniatures.


   Min"i*bus  (?),  n.  [L.  minor less + -bus, as in omnibus.] A kind of
   light passenger vehicle, carrying four persons.

                                  Minie ball

   Min"ie  ball` (?). [From the inventor, Captain Mini\'82, of France.] A
   conical  rifle  bullet, with a cavity in its base plugged with a piece
   of  iron, which, by the explosion of the charge, is driven farther in,
   expanding the sides to fit closely the grooves of the barrel.

                                  Minie rifle

   Min"ie ri"fle (?). A rifle adapted to minie balls.


   Min"i*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Minified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Minifying (?).] [L. minor less + -fly.]

   1.  To make small, or smaller; to diminish the apparent dimensions of;
   to lessen.

   2. To degrade by speech or action.


   Min"i*kin (?), n. [OD. minneken a darling, dim. of minne love; akin to
   G. minne, and to E. mind.]

   1. A little darling; a favorite; a minion. [Obs.] Florio.

   2. A little pin. [Obs.]


   Min"i*kin, a. Small; diminutive. Shak.


   Min"im  (?),  n. [F. minime, L. minimus the least, smallest, a superl.
   of minor: cf. It. minima a note in music. See Minor, and cf. Minimum.]

   1.  Anything  very  minute; as, the minims of existence; -- applied to
   animalcula; and the like.

   2.  The smallest liquid measure, equal to about one drop; the sixtieth
   part of a fluid drachm.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) A small fish; a minnow. [Prov. Eng.]

   4. A little man or being; a dwarf. [Obs.] Milton.

   5.  (Eccl.  Hist.)  One  of  an  austere order of mendicant hermits of
   friars founded in the 15th century by St. Francis of Paola.

   6.  (Mus.)  A  time  note,  formerly the shortest in use; a half note,
   equal to half a semibreve, or two quarter notes or crotchets.

   7. A short poetical encomium. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Min"im, a. Minute. "Minim forms." J. R. Drake.


   Min"i*ment  (?), n. [Prob. corrupt. of moniment.] A trifle; a trinket;
   a token. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Min`i*mi*za"tion (?), n. The act or process of minimizing. Bentham.


   Min"i*mize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Minimized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Minimizimg  (?).]  To  reduce  to  the  smallest  part  or  proportion
   possible; to reduce to a minimum. Bentham.


   Min"i*mum  (?),  n.; pl. Minima (#). [L., fr. minimus. See Minim.] The
   least  quantity  assignable, admissible, or possible, in a given case;
   hence, a thing of small consequence; -- opposed to maximum.

                              Minimum thermometer

   Minimum   thermometer,   a   thermometer   for  recording  the  lowest
   temperature since its last adjustment.


   Min"i*mus (?), n.; pl. Minimi (#). [L. See Minim.]

   1. A being of the smallest size. [Obs.] Shak.

   2.  (Anat.)  The little finger; the fifth digit, or that corresponding
   to it, in either the manus or pes.


   Min"ing  (?), n. [See Mine, v. i.] The act or business of making mines
   or of working them.


   Min"ing,  a.  Of  or  pertaining to mines; as, mining engineer; mining
   machinery;  a  mining  region.  Mining engineering. See the Note under


   Min"ion (?), n. Minimum. [Obs.] Burton.


   Min"ion,  n.  [F.  mignon,  fr.  OHG. minni love, G. minne; akin to E.
   mind. See Mind, and cf. Mignonette.]

   1.  A  loved one; one highly esteemed and favored; -- in a good sense.

     God's disciple and his dearest minion. Sylvester.

     Is  this  the Athenian minion whom the world Voiced so regardfully?

   2.  An  obsequious or servile dependent or agent of another; a fawning
   favorite. Sir J. Davies.

     Go, rate thy minions, proud, insulting boy! Shak.

   3.  (Print.)  A  small  kind  of  type,  in  size  between brevier and
   nonpareil. &hand; This line is printed in minion type.

   4.  An  ancient form of ordnance, the caliber of which was about three
   inches. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Min"ion,  a.  [See  2d  Minion.]  Fine; trim; dainty. [Obs.] "Their...
   minion dancing." Fryth.


   Min`ion*ette"  (?),  a. Small; delicate. [Obs.] "His minionette face."


   Min"ion*ette, n. (Print.) A size of type between nonpareil and minion;
   -- used in ornamental borders, etc.


   Min"ion*ing (?), n. Kind treatment. [Obs.]


   Min"ion*ize (?), v. t. To flavor. [Obs.]

                             Minionlike, Minionly

   Min"ion*like`  (?),  Min"ion*ly,  a.  &  adv. Like a minion; daintily.


   Min"ion*ship, n. State of being a minion. [R.]


   Min"ious  (?),  a.  [L.  minium  red  lead.]  Of  the  color of red or
   vermilion. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Min"ish (?), v. t. [OE. menusen, F. menuiser to make small, cut small,
   fr.  (assumed)  LL. minutiare, for minutare, fr. L. minutus small. See
   Minute, a., and cf. Diminish, Minge.] To diminish; to lessen.

     The living of poor men thereby minished. Latimer.


   Min"ish*ment  (?),  n.  The  act of diminishing, or the state of being
   diminished; diminution. [Obs.]


   Min"is*ter  (?), n. [OE. ministre, F. ministre, fr. L. minister, orig.
   a  double  comparative from the root of minor less, and hence meaning,
   an inferior, a servant. See 1st Minor, and cf. Master, Minstrel.]

   1. A servant; a subordinate; an officer or assistant of inferior rank;
   hence, an agent, an instrument.

     Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua. Ex. xxiv. 13.

     I  chose  Camillo  for the minister, to poison My friend Polixenes.

   2. An officer of justice. [Obs.]

     I cry out the on the ministres, quod he, That shoulde keep and rule
     this cit\'82. Chaucer.

   3.  One  to  whom  the  sovereign  or  executive  head of a government
   intrusts  the  management  of  affairs of state, or some department of
   such affairs.

     Ministers  to  kings, whose eyes, ears, and hands they are, must be
     answerable to God and man. Bacon.

   4.  A  representative  of  a government, sent to the court, or seat of
   government, of a foreign nation to transact diplomatic business.

     NOTE: &hand; Am bassadors ar e classed (in the diplomatic sense) in
     the  first  rank  of public ministers, ministers plenipotentiary in
     the  second.  "The  United  States  diplomatic  service employs two
     classes  of  ministers,  -- ministers plenipotentiary and ministers


   5.  One  who  serves at the altar; one who performs sacerdotal duties;
   the  pastor  of  a  church  duly  authorized or licensed to preach the
   gospel  and  administer  the  sacraments.  Addison.  Syn. -- Delegate;
   official; ambassador; clergyman; parson; priest.


   Min"is*ter,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Ministered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ministering.]  [OE.  ministren,  OF. ministrer, fr. L. ministrare. See
   Minister,   n.]  To  furnish  or  apply;  to  afford;  to  supply;  to

     He that ministereth seed to the sower. 2 Cor. ix. 10.

     We minister to God reason to suspect us. Jer. Taylor.


   Min"is*ter, v. i.

   1.  To  act as a servant, attendant, or agent; to attend and serve; to
   perform service in any office, sacred or secular.

     The  Son  of  man  came not to be ministered unto, but to minister.
     Matt. xx. 28.

   2.  To  supply  or  to  things needful; esp., to supply consolation or
   remedies. Matt. xxv. 44.

     Canst thou not minister to a mind diseased? Shak.


   Min`is*te"ri*al  (?), a. [L. ministerialis: cf. F. minist\'82riel. See
   Minister, and cf. Minstrel.]

   1. Of or pertaining to ministry or service; serving; attendant.

     Enlightening spirits and ministerial flames. Prior.

   2.  Of or pertaining to the office of a minister or to the ministry as
   a  body, whether civil or sacerdotal. "Ministerial offices." Bacon. "A
   ministerial measure." Junius. "Ministerial garments." Hooker.

   3.  Tending  to  advance  or  promote;  contributive.  "Ministerial to
   intellectual culture." De Quincey.
   The  ministerial benches, the benches in the House of Commons occupied
   by  members  of the cabinet and their supporters; -- also, the persons
   occupying them. "Very solid and very brilliant talents distinguish the
   ministerial  benches."  Burke. Syn. -- Official; priestly; sacerdotal;
   Min`is*te"ri*al*ist,  n. A supporter of the ministers, or the party in


   Min`is*te"ri*al*ly,  adv. In a ministerial manner; in the character or
   capacity of a minister.


   Min"is*ter*y (?), n. See Ministry. Milton.


   Min"is*tra*cy (?), n. Ministration. [Obs.]


   Min"is*tral (?), a. Ministerial. [Obs.] Johnson.

   Page 927


   Min"is*trant   (?),  a.  [L.  ministrans,  -antis,  of  ministrare  to
   minister.]  Performing  service  as  a minister; attendant on service;
   acting   under   command;  subordinate.  "Princedoms  and  dominations
   ministrant." Milton. -- n. One who ministers.


   Min`is*tra"tion  (?),  n. [L. ministratio, fr. ministrare.] The act of
   ministering;  service;  ministry. "The days of his ministration." Luke
   i. 23.


   Min"is*tra*tive (?), a. Serving to aid; ministering.


   Min"is*tress  (?),  n.  [Cf.  L.  ministrix.]  A  woman who ministers.


   Min"is*try (?), n.; pl. Ministries (#). [L. ministerium. See Minister,
   n., and cf. Mystery a trade.]

   1.  The  act  of  ministering;  ministration;  service.  "With  tender
   ministry." Thomson.

   2. Hence: Agency; instrumentality.

     The ordinary ministry of second causes. Atterbury.

     The wicked ministry of arms. Dryden.

   3.  The office, duties, or functions of a minister, servant, or agent;
   ecclesiastical, executive, or ambassadorial function or profession.

   4. The body of ministers of state; also, the clergy, as a body.

   5. Administration; rule; term in power; as, the ministry of Pitt.


   Min"is*try*ship, n. The office of a minister. Swift.


   Min"i*um  (?; 277), n. [L. minium, an Iberian word, the Romans getting
   all  their  cinnabar  from  Spain;  cf.  Basque armine\'a0.] (Chem.) A
   heavy,  brilliant  red pigment, consisting of an oxide of lead, Pb3O4,
   obtained  by  exposing lead or massicot to a gentle and continued heat
   in the air. It is used as a cement, as a paint, and in the manufacture
   of  flint  glass. Called also red lead.<-- also called lead tetroxide,
   lead orthoplumbate, mineral oange, mineral red, Paris red, Saturn red,
   and less definitively, lead oxide -->


   Min"i*ver  (?), n. [See Meniver.] A fur esteemed in the Middle Ages as
   a  part  of  costume.  It  is  uncertain whether it was the fur of one
   animal only or of different animals.


   Min"i*vet  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A singing bird of India of the family


   Mink  (?),  n.  [Cf.  2d Minx.] (Zo\'94l.) A carnivorous mammal of the
   genus  Putorius,  allied  to the weasel. The European mink is Putorius
   lutreola.  The  common  American mink (P. vison) varies from yellowish
   brown to black. Its fur is highly valued. Called also minx, nurik, and
   vison.<--  together  with  sable,  one  of the most expensive furs not
   taken  from  endangerd  species.  From animals grown on a farm, called
   ranch mink -->


   Min"ne*sing`er  (?),  n.  [G.,  fr.  minne  love  + singen to sing.] A
   love-singer;  specifically,  one  of  a  class  of  German  poets  and
   musicians  who  flourished from about the middle of the twelfth to the
   middle  of  the  fourteenth century. They were chiefly of noble birth,
   and made love and beauty the subjects of their verses.


   Min"now,  n.  [OE.  menow,  cf. AS. myne; also OE. menuse, OF. menuise
   small fish; akin to E. minish, minute.] [Written also minow.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small European fresh-water cyprinoid fish (Phoxinus
   l\'91vis,  formerly Leuciscus phoxinus); sometimes applied also to the
   young  of  larger  kinds;  -- called also minim and minny. The name is
   also  applied  to  several  allied  American  species,  of  the genera
   Phoxinus, Notropis, or Minnilus, and Rhinichthys.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) Any of numerous small American cyprinodont fishes of the
   genus  Fundulus,  and  related  genera. They live both in fresh and in
   salt  water.  Called  also  killifish,  minny,  and  mummichog.<-- see
   mummichog -->


   Min"ny (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A minnow.

                                   Mino bird

   Mi"no bird" (?). [Hind. main\'be.] (Zo\'94l.) An Asiatic bird (Gracula
   musica),  allied  to  the starlings. It is black, with a white spot on
   the  wings, and a pair of flat yellow wattles on the head. It is often
   tamed and taught to pronounce words.


   Mi"nor  (?),  a.  [L., a comparative with no positive; akin to AS. min
   small,  G.  minder less, OHG. minniro, a., min, adv., Icel. minni, a.,
   minnr,  adv.,  Goth.  minniza,  a., mins, adv., Ir. & Gael. min small,
   tender,  L. minuere to lessen, Gr. mi to damage. Cf. Minish, Minister,
   Minus, Minute.]

   1.  Inferior  in  bulk,  degree,  importance,  etc.; less; smaller; of
   little account; as, minor divisions of a body.

   2. (Mus.) Less by a semitone in interval or difference of pitch; as, a
   minor third.
   Asia  Minor  (Geog.),  the  Lesser  Asia; that part of Asia which lies
   between  the Euxine, or Black Sea, on the north, and the Mediterranean
   on  the south. -- Minor mode (Mus.), that mode, or scale, in which the
   third  and  sixth  are  minor,  --  much  used for mournful and solemn
   subjects.  --  Minor  orders  (Eccl.), the rank of persons employed in
   ecclesiastical  offices  who  are  not in holy orders, as doorkeepers,
   acolytes,  etc.  --  Minor scale (Mus.) The form of the minor scale is
   various. The strictly correct form has the third and sixth minor, with
   a semitone between the seventh and eighth, which involves an augmented
   second  interval,  or  three semitones, between the sixth and seventh,
   as,  6/F, 7/G#, 8/A. But, for melodic purposes, both the sixth and the
   seventh  are  sometimes  made major in the ascending, and minor in the
   descending,  scale,  thus:  -- <-- Comm: an illustration of a bar with
   ascending  and  descending  notes  on  a minor scale --> See Major. --
   Minor term of syllogism (Logic), the subject of the conclusion.


   Mi"nor (?), n.

   1.  A  person of either sex who has not attained the age at which full
   civil  rights  are  accorded;  an  infant;  in  England and the United
   States, one under twenty-one years of age.

     NOTE: &hand; In  hereditary monarchies, the minority of a sovereign
     ends  at  an  earlier  age  than  of  a  subject. The minority of a
     sovereign  of  Great  Britain  ends  upon  the  completion  of  the
     eighteenth year of his age.

   2.  (Logic)  The  minor  term, that is, the subject of the conclusion;
   also,  the  minor  premise,  that  is, that premise which contains the
   minor term; in hypothetical syllogisms, the categorical premise. It is
   the  second  proposition  of a regular syllogism, as in the following:
   Every  act  of  injustice  partakes  of  meanness;  to take money from
   another  by  gaming  is  an act of injustice; therefore, the taking of
   money from another by gaming partakes of meanness.

   3. A Minorite; a Franciscan friar.


   Mi"nor*ate  (?),  v.  t. [L. minoratus; p. p. of minorare to diminish,
   fr. minor, a. See 1st Minor.] To diminish. [R.] Sir T. Browne.


   Mi`nor*a"tion (?), n. [L. minoratio: cf. F. minoration.] A diminution.
   [R.] Sir T. Browne.


   Mi"nor*ess (?), n. See Franciscan Nuns, under Franciscan, a.


   Mi"nor*ite  (?),  n.  [L.  minor  less. Cf. 2d Minor, 3.] A Franciscan


   Mi*nor"i*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Minorities  (#). [Cf. F. minorit\'82. See
   Minor, a. & n.]

   1. The state of being a minor, or under age.

   2. State of being less or small. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

   3.  The  smaller number; -- opposed to majority; as, the minority must
   be ruled by the majority.


   Mi"nos  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Class.  Myth.)  A king and lawgiver of Crete,
   fabled  to be the son of Jupiter and Europa. After death he was made a
   judge in the Lower Regions.


   Min"o*taur  (?),  n.  [L.  Minotaurus,  Gr.  Mi`nos,  the  husband  of
   Pasipha\'89  +  tay^ros  a  bull,  the Minotaur being the offspring of
   Pasipha\'89  and  a  bull:  cf. F. minotaure.] (Class. Myth.) A fabled
   monster, half man and half bull, confined in the labyrinth constructed
   by D\'91dalus in Crete.


   Min"ow (?), n. See Minnow.


   Min"ster  (?),  n.  [AS.  mynster, fr. L. monasterium. See Monastery.]
   (Arch.)  A  church  of  a  monastery.  The  name is often retained and
   applied  to  the  church  after  the monastery has ceased to exist (as
   Beverly Minster, Southwell Minster, etc.), and is also improperly used
   for  any  large church. Minster house, the official house in which the
   canons of a cathedral live in common or in rotation. Shipley.


   Min"strel  (?),  n.  [OE.  minstrel, menestral, OF. menestrel, fr. LL.
   ministerialis  servant,  workman  (cf.  ministrellus  harpist), fr. L.
   ministerium service. See Ministry, and cf. Ministerial.] In the Middle
   Ages,  one  of an order of men who subsisted by the arts of poetry and
   music,  and  sang  verses  to  the  accompaniment  of  a harp or other
   instrument;  in  modern  times, a poet; a bard; a singer and harper; a
   musician. Chaucer.


   Min"strel*sy (?), n.

   1.  The arts and occupation of minstrels; the singing and playing of a

   2. Musical instruments. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   3.  A  collective  body of minstrels, or musicians; also, a collective
   body of minstrels' songs. Chaucer. "The minstrelsy of heaven." Milton.


   Mint (?), n. [AS. minte, fr. L. mentha, Gr. (Bot.) The name of several
   aromatic   labiate  plants,  mostly  of  the  genus  Mentha,  yielding
   odoriferous  essential  oils  by distillation. See Mentha. <-- each of
   the following types can also be labeled as subtypes -->

     NOTE: &hand;

   Corn  mint  is  Mentha arvensis. -- Horsemint is M. sylvestris, and in
   the  United States Monarda punctata, which differs from the true mints
   in  several  respects.  -- Mountain mint is any species of the related
   genus  Pycnanthemum,  common  in  North  America.  -- Peppermint is M.
   piperita.  --  Spearmint  is M. viridis. -- Water mint is M. aquatica.
   Mint  camphor.  (Chem.) See Menthol. -- Mint julep. See Julep. -- Mint
   sauce, a sauce flavored with spearmint, for meats.


   Mint, n. [AS. mynet money, coin, fr. L. moneta the mint, coined money,
   fr. Moneta, a surname of Juno, in whose at Rome money was coined; akin
   to monere to warn, admonish, AS. manian, and to E. mind. See Mind, and
   cf. Money, Monition.]

   1. A place where money is coined by public authority.

   2.  Hence:  Any  place  regarded  as a source of unlimited supply; the
   supply itself.

     A mint of phrases in his brain. Shak.


   Mint,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Minted; p. pr. & vb. n. Minting.] [AS.

   1.  To  make  by  stamping,  as money; to coin; to make and stamp into

   2. To invent; to forge; to fabricate; to fashion.

     Titles... of such natures as may be easily minted. Bacon.

   Minting mill, a coining press.


   Mint"age (?), n.

   1. The coin, or other production, made in a mint.

     Stamped in clay, a heavenly mintage. Sterling.

   2. The duty paid to the mint for coining.


   Mint"er (?), n. One who mints.


   Mint"man  (?), n.; pl. Mintmen (. One skilled in coining, or in coins;
   a coiner.


   Mint"-mas`ter  (?),  n.  The  master or superintendent of a mint. Also
   used figuratively.


   Min"u*end  (?),  n.  [L.  minuendus  to  be diminished, fr. minuere to
   lessen,  diminish. See Minish.] (Arith.) The number from which another
   number is to be subtracted.


   Min"u*et  (?),  n. [F., fr. menu small, L. minutus small. So called on
   account of the short steps of the dance. See 4th Minute.]

   1.  A  slow  graceful dance consisting of a coupee, a high step, and a

   2.  (Mus.)  A  tune  or  air to regulate the movements of the dance so
   called;  a  movement  in suites, sonatas, symphonies, etc., having the
   dance form, and commonly in 3-4, sometimes 3-8, measure.


   Min"um (?), n. [See 2d Minion, Minum, 6.] [Obs.]

   1. A small kind of printing type; minion.

   2. (Mus.) A minim.


   Mi"nus  (?),  a.  [L.  See Minor, and cf. Mis- pref. from the French.]
   (Math.)  Less;  requiring  to  be  subtracted;  negative;  as, a minus
   quantity.  Minus  sign  (Math.), the sign [-] denoting minus, or less,
   prefixed  to  negative quantities, or quantities to be subtracted. See
   Negative sign, under Negative.
   Mi*nus"cule  (?),  n. [L. minusculus rather small, fr. minus less: cf.
   F. minuscule.]
   1. Any very small, minute object.
   2.  A  small  Roman  letter  which  is  neither  capital nor uncial; a
   manuscript  written  in  such  letters. -- a. Of the size and style of
   minuscules; written in minuscules.
     These  minuscule  letters are cursive forms of the earlier uncials.
     I. Taylor (The Alphabet).


   Min"u*ta*ry  (?),  a. Pertaining to, or consisting of, minutes. [Obs.]


   Min"ute  (?;  277), n. [LL. minuta a small portion, small coin, fr. L.
   minutus small: cf. F. minute. See 4th Minute.]

   1.  The sixtieth part of an hour; sixty seconds. (Abbrev. m.; as, 4 h.
   30 m.) 

     Four minutes, that is to say, minutes of an hour. Chaucer.

   2.  The  sixtieth part of a degree; sixty seconds (Marked thus (\'bf);
   as, 10° 20\'bf.)

   3. A nautical or a geographic mile.

   4. A coin; a half farthing. [Obs.] Wyclif (Mark xii. 42)

   5.  A  very  small  part of anything, or anything very small; a jot; a
   tittle. [Obs.]

     Minutes and circumstances of his passion. Jer. Taylor.

   6. A point of time; a moment.

     I go this minute to attend the king. Dryden.

   7.  The  memorandum;  a  record;  a  note  to  preserve  the memory of
   anything;  as,  to  take  minutes  of a contract; to take minutes of a
   conversation or debate.

   8. (Arch.) A fixed part of a module. See Module.

     NOTE: &hand; Di fferent writers take as the minute one twelfth, one
     eighteenth, one thirtieth, or one sixtieth part of the module.


   Min"ute,  a.  Of or pertaining to a minute or minutes; occurring at or
   marking successive minutes. Minute bell, a bell tolled at intervals of
   a minute, as to give notice of a death or a funeral. -- Minute book, a
   book  in  which  written minutes are entered. -- Minute glass, a glass
   measuring a minute or minutes by the running of sand. -- Minute gun, a
   discharge  of  a cannon repeated every minute as a sign of distress or
   mourning.  --  Minute  hand,  the long hand of a watch or clock, which
   makes the circuit of the dial in an hour, and marks the minutes.


   Min"ute,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Minuted; p. pr. & vb. n. Minuting.] To
   set down a short sketch or note of; to jot down; to make a minute or a
   brief summary of.

     The  Empress  of  Russia,  with  her own hand, minuted an edict for
     universal tolerance. Bancroft.


   Mi*nute"  (?), a. [L. minutus, p. p. of minuere to lessen. See Minish,
   Minor, and cf. Menu, Minuet.]

   1.  Very  small;  little; tiny; fine; slight; slender; inconsiderable.
   "Minute drops." Milton.

   2.  Attentive  to small things; paying attention to details; critical;
   particular;  precise;  as, a minute observer; minute observation. Syn.
   --   Little;   diminutive;   fine;  critical;  exact;  circumstantial;
   particular;   detailed.   --  Minute,  Circumstantial,  Particular.  A
   circumstantial  account  embraces all the leading events; a particular
   account  includes  each  event  and  movement,  though  of  but little
   importance;  a minute account goes further still, and omits nothing as
   to person, time, place, adjuncts, etc.


   Mi*nute"-jack` (?), n.

   1.  A  figure  which  strikes  the  hour  on the bell of some fanciful
   clocks; -- called also jack of the clock house.

   2. A timeserver; an inconstant person. Shak.


   Mi*nute"ly  (?),  adv.  [From  4th  Minute.]  In a minute manner; with
   minuteness; exactly; nicely.


   Min"ute*ly   (?),  a.  [From  1st  Minute.]  Happening  every  minute;
   continuing; unceasing. [Obs.]

     Throwing  themselves  absolutely  upon  God's  minutely providence.


   Min"ute*ly,  adv.  At intervals of a minute; very often and regularly.
   J. Philips.

     Minutely proclaimed in thunder from heaven. Hammond.


   Min"ute*man (?), n.; pl. Minutemen (. A militiaman who was to be ready
   to  march  at  a  moment's  notice;  --  a  term  used in the American


   Mi*nute"ness (?), n. The quality of being minute.


   Mi*nu"ti*a,  n.;  pl.  Minuti\'91  (-&emac;).  [L., fr. minutus small,
   minute. See 4th Minute.] A minute particular; a small or minor detail;
   -- used chiefly in the plural.


   Minx  (?),  n. [Prob. of Low German origin; cf. LG. minsk wench, jade,
   hussy,  D.  mensch;  prop.  the same word as D. & G. mensch man, human
   being, OHG. mennisco, AS. mennisc, fr. man. See Man.]

   1. A pert or a wanton girl. Shak.

   2. A she puppy; a pet dog. [Obs.] Udall.


   Minx,  n.  [See Mink.] (Zo\'94l.) The mink; -- called also minx otter.

   Page 928


   Min"y  (?),  a.  Abounding  with  mines;  like a mine. "Miny caverns."


   Mi"o*cene (?), a. [Gr. (Geol.) Of or pertaining to the middle division
   of the Tertiary. -- n. The Miocene period. See Chart of Geology.


   Mi`o*hip"pus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) An extinct Miocene mammal
   of  the  Horse  family, closely related to the genus Anhithecrium, and
   having three usable hoofs on each foot.


   Miq"ue*let  (?),  n.  [Sp. miquelete.] (Mil.) An irregular or partisan
   soldier; a bandit.


   Mir (?), n. A Russian village community. D. M. Wallace.


   Mir, n. [Per. m\'c6r.] Same as Emir.


   Mi"ra  (?),  n. [NL., from L. mirus wonderful.] (Astron.) A remarkable
   variable star in the constellation Cetus (o Ceti).


   Mi*rab"i*la*ry  (?), n.; pl. Mirabilaries (. One who, or a work which,
   narrates wonderful things; one who writes of wonders. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Mi*rab"i*lis  (?),  n.  [L., wonderful.] (Bot.) A genus of plants. See


   Mi*rab"i*lite (?), n. (Min.) Native sodium sulphate; Glauber's salt.


   Mi"ra*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  mirabilis,  fr.  mirari  to  wonder: cf. OF.
   mirable. See Marvel.] Wonderful; admirable. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mir"a*cle  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr. L. miraculum, fr. mirari to wonder. See
   Marvel, and cf. Mirror.]

   1. A wonder or wonderful thing.

     That miracle and queen of genus. Shak.

   2.  Specifically:  An  event  or  effect  contrary  to the established
   constitution  and course of things, or a deviation from the known laws
   of nature; a supernatural event, or one transcending the ordinary laws
   by which the universe is governed.

     They considered not the miracle of the loaves. Mark vi. 52.

   3. A miracle play.

   4. A story or legend abounding in miracles. [Obs.]

     When said was all this miracle. Chaucer.

   Miracle  monger, an impostor who pretends to work miracles. -- Miracle
   play,  one  of  the  old dramatic entertainments founded on legends of
   saints  and  martyrs  or  (see 2d Mystery, 2) on events related in the


   Mir"a*cle, v. t. To make wonderful. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mi*rac"u*lize  (?),  v.  t.  To  cause  to  seem to be a miracle. [R.]


   Mi*rac"u*lous (?), a. [F. miraculeux. See Miracle.]

   1.  Of  the  nature  of  a  miracle;  performed by supernatural power;
   effected  by  the  direct agency of almighty power, and not by natural

   2. Supernatural; wonderful.

   3.  Wonder-working.  "The miraculous harp." Shak. -- Mi*rac"u*lous*ly,
   adv. -- Mi*rac"u*lous*ness, n.


   Mir`a*dor"  (?),  n.  [Sp.,  fr.  mirar  to behold, view. See Mirror.]
   (Arch.) Same as Belvedere.


   Mi`rage" (?), n. [F., fr. mirer to look at carefully, to aim, se mirer
   to  look  at  one's  self in a glass, to reflect, to be reflected, LL.
   mirare  to  look at. See Mirror.] An optical effect, sometimes seen on
   the  ocean, but more frequently in deserts, due to total reflection of
   light  at  the surface common to two strata of air differently heated.
   The  reflected  image is seen, commonly in an inverted position, while
   the  real  object  may  or  may  not  be in sight. When the surface is
   horizontal,  and  below  the eye, the appearance is that of a sheet of
   water  in  which  the  object  is  seen reflected; when the reflecting
   surface is above the eye, the image is seen projected against the sky.
   The fata Morgana and looming are species of mirage.

     By  the  mirage  uplifted the land floats vague in the ether, Ships
     and the shadows of ships hang in the motionless air. Longfellow.


   Mir"bane (?), n. See Nitrobenzene.


   Mire (?), n. [AS. m\'c6re, m; akin to D. mier, Icel. maurr, Dan. myre,
   Sw. myra; cf. also Ir. moirbh, Gr. An ant. [Obs.] See Pismire.


   Mire,  n.  [OE.  mire,  myre;  akin  to Icel. m swamp, Sw. myra marshy
   ground, and perh. to E. moss.] Deep mud; wet, spongy earth. Chaucer.

     He  his rider from the lofty steed Would have cast down and trod in
     dirty mire. Spenser.

   Mire  crow  (Zo\'94l.),  the  pewit, or laughing gull. [Prov. Eng.] --
   Mire drum, the European bittern. [Prov. Eng.]


   Mire, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mired (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Miring.]

   1.  To cause or permit to stick fast in mire; to plunge or fix in mud;
   as, to mire a horse or wagon.

   2. To soil with mud or foul matter.

     Smirched thus and mired with infamy. Shak.


   Mire, v. i. To stick in mire. Shak.

                              Mirific, Mirifical

   Mi*rif"ic  (?),  Mi*rif"ic*al (?), a. [L. mirificus; mirus wonderful +
   -ficare (in comp.) to make. See -fy.] Working wonders; wonderful.


   Mi*rif"i*cent (?), a. Wonderful. [Obs.]


   Mir"i*ness (?), n. The quality of being miry.


   Mirk (?), a. [See Murky.] Dark; gloomy; murky. Spenser. Mrs. Browning.


   Mirk, n. Darkness; gloom; murk. "In mirk and mire." Longfellow.


   Mirk"some   (?),   a.  Dark;  gloomy;  murky.  [Archaic]  Spenser.  --
   Mirk"some*ness, n. [Archaic]


   Mirk"y (?), a. Dark; gloomy. See Murky.


   Mir"ror (?), n. [OE. mirour, F. miroir, OF. also mireor, fr. (assumed)
   LL.  miratorium,  fr.  mirare  to  look  at,  L. mirari to wonder. See
   Marvel, and cf. Miracle, Mirador.]

   1. A looking-glass or a speculum; any glass or polished substance that
   forms images by the reflection of rays of light.

     And  in  her  hand  she  held a mirror bright, Wherein her face she
     often view\'8ad fair. Spenser.

   2.  That  which  gives a true representation, or in which a true image
   may be seen; hence, a pattern; an exemplar.

     She is mirour of all courtesy. Chaucer.

     O  goddess,  heavenly  bright,  Mirror of grace and majesty divine.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) See Speculum.
   Mirror  carp  (Zo\'94l.),  a  domesticated variety of the carp, having
   only three or fur rows of very large scales side. -- Mirror plate. (a)
   A  flat  glass  mirror without a frame. (b) Flat glass used for making
   mirrors.  --  Mirror  writing,  a  manner or form of backward writing,
   making  manuscript  resembling  in  slant  and  order  of  letters the
   reflection  of  ordinary writing in a mirror. The substitution of this
   manner  of writing for the common manner is a symptom of some kinds of
   nervous disease.


   Mir"ror  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Mirrored (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Mirroring.] To reflect, as in a mirror.


   Mirth  (?),  n.  [OE. mirthe, murthe, merthe, AS. myr&edh;, myrg&edh;,
   merh&edh;, mirh&edh;. See Merry.]

   1. Merriment; gayety accompanied with laughter; jollity.

     Then  will  I cause to cease ... from the streets of Jerusalem, the
     voice of mirth. Jer. vii. 34.

   2.  That  which  causes  merriment.  [Obs.]  Shak.  Syn. -- Merriment;
   joyousness; gladness; fun; frolic; glee; hilarity; festivity; jollity.
   See Gladness.


   Mirth"ful (?), a.

   1. Full of mirth or merriment; merry; as, mirthful children.

   2. Indicating or inspiring mirth; as, a mirthful face.

     Mirthful, comic shows. Shak.

   -- Mirth"ful*ly, adv. -- Mirth"ful*ness, n.


   Mirth"less, a. Without mirth. -- Mirth"less*ness, n.


   Mir"y  (?),  a. [From 2d Mire.] Abounding with deep mud; full of mire;
   muddy; as, a miry road.


   Mir"za  (?),  n.  [Per. m\'c6rz\'be, abbrev. fr. m\'c6rz\'bedeh son of
   the  prince; m\'c6r prince (Ar. am\'c6r, em\'c6r) + z\'bedeh son.] The
   common  title  of  honor  in  Persia,  prefixed  to  the surname of an
   individual. When appended to the surname, it signifies Prince.


   Mis- (?). [In words of Teutonic origin, fr. AS. mis-; akin to D. mis-,
   G.  miss-,  OHG.  missa-,  missi-, Icel. & Dan. mis-, Sw. miss-, Goth.
   missa-;  orig.,  a  p.  p.  from  the  root of G. meiden to shun, OHG.
   m\'c6dan,  AS.  m\'c6 (Miss to fail of). In words from the French, fr.
   OF.  mes-,  F. m\'82-, mes-, fr. L. minus less (see Minus). In present
   usage  these  two  prefixes  are  commonly  confounded.] A prefix used
   adjectively  and  adverbially  in  the  sense  of  amiss,  wrong, ill,
   wrongly, unsuitably; as, misdeed, mislead, mischief, miscreant.


   Mis  (?),  a.  &  adv. [See Amiss.] Wrong; amiss. [Obs.] "To correcten
   that [which] is mis." Chaucer.


   Mis*ac`cep*ta"tion (?), n. Wrong acceptation; understanding in a wrong


   Mis`ac*compt" (?), v. t. To account or reckon wrongly. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mis`ad*just"  (?),  v. t. To adjust wrongly of unsuitably; to throw of
   adjustment. I. Taylor.


   Mis`ad*just"ment (?), n. Wrong adjustment; unsuitable arrangement.


   Mis`ad*ven"ture  (?;  135),  n.  [OE. mesaventure, F. m\'82saventure.]
   Mischance;  misfortune;  ill  lick;  unlucky  accident; ill adventure.
   Chaucer.  Homicide by misadventure (Law), homicide which occurs when a
   man,   doing   a   lawful   act,  without  any  intention  of  injury,
   unfortunately  kills  another;  -- called also excusable homicide. See
   Homicide. Blackstone. Syn. -- Mischance; mishap; misfortune; disaster;


   Mis`ad*ven"tured (?), a. Unfortunate. [Obs.]


   Mis`ad*ven"tur*ous (?), a. Unfortunate.


   Mis`ad*vert"ence (?), n. Inadvertence.


   Mis`ad*vice" (?), n. Bad advice.


   Mis`ad*vise" (?), v. t. To give bad counsel to.


   Mis`ad*vised" (?), a. Ill advised. -- Mis`ad*vis"ed*ly (#), adv.


   Mis`af*fect" (?), v. t. To dislike. [Obs.]


   Mis`af*fect"ed, a. Ill disposed. [Obs.]


   Mis`af*fec"tion (?), n. An evil or wrong affection; the state of being
   ill affected. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Mis`af*firm" (?), v. t. To affirm incorrectly.


   Mis*aimed" (?), a. Not rightly aimed. Spenser.


   Mis*al`le*ga"tion  (?),  n.  A  erroneous statement or allegation. Bp.


   Mis`al*lege" (?), v. t. To state erroneously.


   Mis`al*li"ance  (?),  n. [F. m\'82salliance.] A marriage with a person
   of   inferior   rank  or  social  station;  an  improper  alliance;  a

     A  Leigh  had  made a misalliance, and blushed A Howard should know
     it. Mrs. Browning.


   Mis`al*lied" (?), a. Wrongly allied or associated.


   Mis`al*lot"ment (?), n. A wrong allotment.


   Mis*al"ter  (?), v. t. To alter wrongly; esp., to alter for the worse.
   Bp. Hall.


   Mis"an*thrope  (?),  n.  [Gr.  misanthrope.  Cf.  Miser.]  A  hater of
   mankind; a misanthropist.

                         Misanthropic, Misanthropical

   Mis`an*throp"ic    (?),    Mis`an*throp"ic*al    (?),   a.   [Cf.   F.
   misanthropique.] Hating or disliking mankind.


   Mis*an"thro*pist (?), n. A misanthrope.


   Mis*an"thro*pos  (?),  n. [NL. See Misanthrope.] A misanthrope. [Obs.]


   Mis*an"thro*py  (?),  n. [Gr. misanthropie.] Hatred of, or dislike to,
   mankind; -- opposed to philanthropy. Orrery.


   Mis*ap`pli*ca"tion (?), n. A wrong application. Sir T. Browne.


   Mis`ap*ply"  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Misapplied (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Misapplying.]  To  apply  wrongly;  to use for a wrong purpose; as, to
   misapply a name or title; to misapply public money.


   Mis`ap*pre"ci*a`ted (?), a. Improperly appreciated.


   Mis*ap`pre*hend"   (?),   v.   t.   To  take  in  a  wrong  sense;  to
   misunderstand. Locke.


   Mis*ap`pre*hen"sion (?), n. A mistaking or mistake; wrong apprehension
   of one's meaning of a fact; misconception; misunderstanding.


   Mis*ap`pre*hen"sive*ly (?), adv. By, or with, misapprehension.


   Mis`ap*pro"pri*ate  (?),  v.  t.  To appropriate wrongly; to use for a
   wrong purpose.


   Mis`ap*pro`pri*a"tion (?), n. Wrong appropriation; wrongful use.


   Mis`ar*range"  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Misarranged (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Misarranging (?).] To place in a wrong order, or improper manner.


   Mis`ar*range"ment (?), n. Wrong arrangement.


   Mis`ar*cribe" (?), v. t. To ascribe wrongly.


   Mis`as*say"   (?),   v.   t.  To  assay,  or  attempt,  improperly  or
   unsuccessfully. [Obs.] W. Browne.


   Mis`as*sign" (?), v. t. To assign wrongly.


   Mis`at*tend" (?), v. t. To misunderstand; to disregard. [Obs.] Milton.


   Mis`a*ven"ture (?), n. Misadventure. [Obs.]


   Mis`a*vize" (?), v. t. To misadvise. [Obs.]


   Mis*bear"  (?),  v.  t.  To  carry  improperly;  to carry (one's self)
   wrongly; to misbehave. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mis`be*come" (?), v. t. Not to become; to suit ill; not to befit or be
   adapted to. Macaulay.

     Thy father will not act what misbecomes him. Addison.


   Mis`be*com"ing,  a.  Unbecoming. Milton. -- Mis`be*com"ing*ly, adv. --
   Mis`be*com"ing*ness, n. Boyle.


   Mis*bede"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  Misbode (?); p. p. Misboden (?).] [AS.
   mis-be\'93dan.] To wrong; to do injury to. [Obs.]

     Who hath you misboden or offended? Chaucer.


   Mis`be*fit"ting (?), a. No befitting.

                             Misbegot, Misbegotten

   Mis`be*got"  (?),  Mis`be*got"ten  (,  p. a. Unlawfully or irregularly
   begotten; of bad origin; pernicious. "Valor misbegot." Shak.


   Mis`be*have"  (?),  v.  t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Misbehaved (?); p. pr. &
   vb.  n. Misbehaving.] To behave ill; to conduct one's self improperly;
   -- often used with a reciprocal pronoun.


   Mis`be*haved"  (?),  a.  Guilty  of  ill  behavior;  illbred; rude. "A
   misbehaved and sullen wench." Shak.


   Mis`be*hav"ior  (?),  n.  Improper,  rude,  or  uncivil  behavior; ill
   conduct. Addison.


   Mis`be*lief" (?), n. Erroneous or false belief.


   Mis`be*lieve"  (?)  (,  v.  i.  To  believe erroneously, or in a false
   religion. "That misbelieving Moor." Shak.


   Mis`be*liev"er (?), n. One who believes wrongly; one who holds a false
   religion. Shak.


   Mis`be*seem" (?), v. t. To suit ill.


   Mis`be*stow" (?), v. t. To bestow improperly.


   Mis`be*stow"al (?), n. The act of misbestowing.


   Mis`bi*leve" (?), n. Misbelief; unbelief; suspicion. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mis*bode" (?), imp. of Misbede.


   Mis*bo"den (?), p. p. of Misbede.


   Mis"born` (?), a. Born to misfortune. Spenser.


   Mis*cal"cu*late  (?),  v.  t.  & i. To calculate erroneously; to judge
   wrongly. -- Mis*cal`cu*la"tion (#), n.


   Mis*call" (?), v. t.

   1. To call by a wrong name; to name improperly.

   2. To call by a bad name; to abuse. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Mis*car"riage (?), n.

   1.  Unfortunate  event or issue of an undertaking; failure to attain a
   desired result or reach a destination.

     When  a counselor, to save himself, Would lay miscarriages upon his
     prince. Dryden.

   2.  Ill  conduct;  evil  or  improper  behavior;  as, the failings and
   miscarriages of the righteous. Rogers.

   3. The act of bringing forth before the time; premature birth.


   Mis*car"riage*a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable of miscarrying; liable to fail.
   [R.] Bp. Hall.


   Mis*car"ry  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Miscarried (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To carry, or go, wrong; to fail of reaching a destination, or fail
   of the intended effect; to be unsuccessful; to suffer defeat.

     My ships have all miscarried. Shak.

     The cardinal's letters to the pope miscarried. Shak.

   2. To bring forth young before the proper time.


   Mis*cast" (?), v. t. To cast or reckon wrongly.


   Mis*cast", n. An erroneous cast or reckoning.


   Mis`ce*ge*na"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  miscere  to  mix + the root of genus
   race.]  A  mixing of races; amalgamation, as by intermarriage of black
   and white.


   Mis`cel*la*na"ri*an  (?),  a.  [See  Miscellany.]  Of or pertaining to
   miscellanies. Shaftesbury. -- n. A writer of miscellanies.


   Mis"cel*lane (?), n. [See Miscellaneous, and cf. Maslin.] A mixture of
   two or more sorts of grain; -- now called maslin and meslin. Bacon.


   Mis"cel*la"ne*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [L.  See  Miscellany.] A collection of
   miscellaneous matters; matters of various kinds.


   Mis`cel*la"ne*ous  (?),  a. [L. miscellaneus mixed, miscellaneous, fr.
   miscellus  mixed,  fr.  miscere  to mix. See Mix, and cf. Miscellany.]
   Mixed;  mingled;  consisting  of  several  things;  of  diverse sorts;
   promiscuous;   heterogeneous;   as,  a  miscellaneous  collection.  "A
   miscellaneous   rabble."  Milton.  --  Mis`cel*la"ne*ous*ly,  adv.  --
   Mis`cel*la"ne*ous*ness, n.


   Mis"cel*la*nist (?), n. A writer of miscellanies; miscellanarian.


   Mis"cel*la*ny  (?),  n.;  pl. Miscellanies (#). [L. miscellanea, neut.
   pl.  of. miscellaneus: cf. F. miscellan\'82e, pl. miscellan\'82es. See
   Miscellaneous.] A mass or mixture of various things; a medley; esp., a
   collection of compositions on various subjects.

     'T  is  but  a bundle or miscellany of sin; sins original, and sins
     actual. Hewyt.

   Miscellany  madam,  a woman who dealt in various fineries; a milliner.
   [Obs.] B. Jonson.

   Page 929


   Mis"cel*la*ny (?), a. Miscellaneous; heterogeneous. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Mis*cen"sure  (?),  v.  t. To misjudge. [Obs.] Daniel. -- n. Erroneous
   judgment. [Obs.] Sylvester.


   Mis*chance"  (?),  n.  [OE.  meschance, OF. mescheance.] Ill luck; ill
   fortune; mishap. Chaucer.

     Never come mischance between us twain. Shak.

   Syn.   --  Calamity;  misfortune;  misadventure;  mishap;  infelicity;
   disaster. See Calamity.


   Mis*chance", v. i. To happen by mischance. Spenser.


   Mis*chance"ful (?), a. Unlucky. R. Browning.


   Mis*char"ac*ter*ize (?), v. t. To characterize falsely or erroneously;
   to give a wrong character to.

     They totally mischaracterize the action. Eton.


   Mis*charge"  (?),  v. t. To charge erroneously, as in account. -- n. A
   mistake in charging.


   Mis"chief  (?),  n.  [OE. meschef bad result, OF. meschief; pref. mes-
   (L.  minus  less)  +  chief  end,  head, F. chef chief. See Minus, and

   1.  Harm;  damage;  esp., disarrangement of order; trouble or vexation
   caused  by human agency or by some living being, intentionally or not;
   often, calamity, mishap; trivial evil caused by thoughtlessness, or in
   sport. Chaucer.

     Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs. Ps. lii. 2.

     The  practice whereof shall, I hope, secure me from many mischiefs.

   2. Cause of trouble or vexation; trouble. Milton.

     The  mischief  was,  these allies would never allow that the common
     enemy was subdued. Swift.

   To  be  in mischief, to be doing harm or causing annoyance. -- To make
   mischief,  to do mischief, especially by exciting quarrels. -- To play
   the  mischief, to cause great harm; to throw into confusion. [Colloq.]
   Syn. -- Damage; harm; hurt; injury; detriment; evil; ill. -- Mischief,
   Damage,  Harm.  Damage  is  an  injury which diminishes the value of a
   thing;  harm  is  an  injury  which  causes  trouble or inconvenience;
   mischief  is  an  injury  which  disturbs the order and consistency of
   things.  We  often  suffer  damage or harm from accident, but mischief
   always springs from perversity or folly.


   Mis"chief, v. t. To do harm to. [Obs.] Milton.


   Mis"chief*a*ble (?), a. Mischievous. [R.] Lydgate.


   Mis"chief*ful (?), a. Mischievous. [Obs.] Foote.


   Mis"chief-mak`er  (?),  n.  One who makes mischief; one who excites or
   instigates quarrels or enmity.


   Mis"chief-mak`ing, a. Causing harm; exciting enmity or quarrels. Rowe.
   -- n. The act or practice of making mischief, inciting quarrels, etc.


   Mis"chie*vous (?), a. Causing mischief; harmful; hurtful; -- now often
   applied  where  the  evil  is  done  carelessly  or  in  sport;  as, a
   mischievous child. "Most mischievous foul sin." Shak.

     This  false,  wily, doubling disposition is intolerably mischievous
     to society. South.

   Syn.   --   Harmful;   hurtful;   detrimental;   noxious;  pernicious;
   destructive. -- Mis"chie*vous*ly, adv. -- Mis"chie*vous*ness, n.


   Misch"na (?), n. See Mishna.


   Misch"nic (?), a. See Mishnic.


   Mis*choose" (?), v. t. [imp. Mischose (?); p. p. Mischosen (?); p. pr.
   & vb. n. Mischoosing.] To choose wrongly. Milton.


   Mis*choose", v. i. To make a wrong choice.


   Mis*chris"ten (?), v. t. To christen wrongly.


   Mis`ci*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. [Cf. F. miscibilit\'82.] Capability of being


   Mis"ci*ble  (?),  a. [Cf. F. miscible, fr. L. miscere to mix.] Capable
   of  being  mixed;  mixable;  as, water and alcohol are miscible in all
   proportions. Burke.


   Mis`ci*ta"tion (?), n. Erroneous citation.


   Mis*cite", v. t. To cite erroneously.


   Mis*claim" (?), n. A mistaken claim.


   Mis*cog"ni*zant (?), a. (Law) Not cognizant; ignorant; not knowing.


   Mis*cog"nize (?), v. t. To fail to apprehend; to misunderstand. [Obs.]


   Mis*col`lo*ca"tion (?), n. Wrong collocation. De Quincey.


   Mis*col"or  (?),  v. t. To give a wrong color to; figuratively, to set
   forth erroneously or unfairly; as, to miscolor facts. C. Kingsley.


   Mis*com"fort (?), n. Discomfort. [Obs.]


   Mis*com`pre*hend"  (?),  v.  t.  To  get  a wrong idea of or about; to


   Mis*com`pu*ta"tion (?), n. Erroneous computation; false reckoning.


   Mis`com*pute"  (?),  v. t. [Cf. Miscount.] To compute erroneously. Sir
   T. Browne.


   Mis`con*ceit" (?), n. Misconception. [Obs.]


   Mis`con*ceive"  (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Misconceived (?); p. pr.
   &   vb.   n.   Misconceiving.]   To  conceive  wrongly;  to  interpret
   incorrectly;   to   receive   a  false  notion  of;  to  misjudge;  to

     Those  things which, for want of due consideration heretofore, they
     have misconceived. Hooker.

   Syn. -- To misapprehend; misunderstand; mistake.


   Mis`con*ceiv"er (?), n. One who misconceives.


   Mis`con*cep"tion  (?),  n.  Erroneous conception; false opinion; wrong
   understanding. Harvey.


   Mis`con*clu"sion  (?),  n.  An  erroneous inference or conclusion. Bp.


   Mis*con"duct  (?),  n.  Wrong  conduct;  bad  behavior; mismanagement.
   Addison.  Syn.  --  Misbehavior;  misdemeanor; mismanagement; misdeed;
   delinquency; offense.


   Mis`con*duct"  (?),  v. t. To conduct amiss; to mismanage. Johnson. To
   misconduct one's self, to behave improperly.


   Mis`con*duct", v. i. To behave amiss.


   Mis*con"fi*dent   (?),   a.  Having  a  mistaken  confidence;  wrongly
   trusting. [R.] Bp. Hall.


   Mis`con*jec"ture  (?;  135),  n.  A  wrong conjecture or guess. Sir T.


   Mis`con*jec"ture (?), v. t. & i. To conjecture wrongly.


   Mis*con"se*crate  (?),  v.  t.  To  consecrate  amiss. "Misconsecrated
   flags." Bp. Hall.


   Mis*con`se*cra"tion, n. Wrong consecration.


   Mis*con"se*quence (?), n. A wrong consequence; a false deduction.


   Mis*con"stru*a*ble (?), a. Such as can be misconstrued, as language or
   conduct. R. North.


   Mis`con*struct"  (?),  v.  t.  To  construct  wrongly;  to construe or
   interpret erroneously.


   Mis`con*struc"tion    (?),    n.    Erroneous    construction;   wrong
   interpretation. Bp. Stillingfleet.


   Mis*con"strue  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Misconstrued (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Misconstruing.] To construe wrongly; to interpret erroneously.

     Do not, great sir, misconstrue his intent. Dryden.

     Much afflicted to find his actions misconstrued. Addison.


   Mis*con"stru*er (?), n. One who misconstrues.


   Mis`con*tent" (?), a. Discontent. [Obs.]


   Mis`con*tin"u*ance  (?), n. (Law) Discontinuance; also, continuance by
   undue process.


   Mis*copy" (?), v. t. To copy amiss.


   Mis*copy", n. A mistake in copying. North Am. Rev.


   Mis`cor*rect"  (?),  v.  t.  To  fail or err in attempting to correct.
   "Scaliger miscorrects his author." Dryden.


   Mis*coun"sel (?), v. t. To counsel or advise wrongly.


   Mis*count"  (?),  v.  t. & i. [Cf. OF. mesconter, F. m\'82compter. Cf.
   Miscompute.] To count erroneously.


   Mis*count",  n. [Cf. F. m\'82compte error, OF. mesconte.] An erroneous


   Mis*cov"et (?), v. t. To covet wrongfully. [Obs.]

                            Miscreance, Miscreancy

   Mis"cre*ance   (?),   Mis"cre*an*cy   (?),   n.  [OF.  mescreance,  F.
   m\'82cr\'82ance   incredulity.]   The   quality  of  being  miscreant;
   adherence to a false religion; false faith. [Obs.] Ayliffe.


   Mis"cre*ant  (?), n. [OF. mescreant, F. m\'82cr\'82ant; pref. mes- (L.
   minus less) + p. pr. fr. L. credere to believe. See Creed.]

   1.  One  who  holds  a  false  religious  faith; a misbeliever. [Obs.]
   Spenser. De Quincey.

     Thou  oughtest  not  to  be  slothful  to  the  destruction  of the
     miscreants, but to constrain them to obey our Lord God. Rivers.

   2.  One  not  restrained  by  Christian  principles;  an  unscrupulous
   villain; a while wretch. Addison.


   Mis"cre*ant, a.

   1. Holding a false religious faith.

   2. Destitute of conscience; unscrupulous. Pope.


   Mis`cre*ate"  (?),  a. Miscreated; illegitimate; forged; as, miscreate
   titles. [Obs. or Poet.] Shak.


   Mis`cre*ate" (?), v. t. To create badly or amiss.


   Mis`cre*at"ed  (?), a. Formed unnaturally or illegitimately; deformed.
   Spenser. Milton.


   Mis`cre*a"tive, a. Creating amiss. [R.]


   Mis*cre"dent  (?),  n.  [Pref.  mis-  +  credent.  Cf.  Miscreant.]  A
   miscreant,   or   believer  in  a  false  religious  doctrine.  [Obs.]


   Mis`cre*du"li*ty  (?),  n.  Wrong  credulity or belief; misbelief. Bp.


   Mis*cue"  (?),  n. (Billiards) A false stroke with a billiard cue, the
   cue slipping from the ball struck without impelling it as desired.


   Mis*date",  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Misdated; p. pr. & vb. n. Misdating.]
   To date erroneously. Young.


   Mis*deal"  (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Misdealt (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Misdealing.]  To deal or distribute wrongly, as cards; to make a wrong


   Mis*deal",  n. The act of misdealing; a wrong distribution of cards to
   the players.


   Mis*deed"  (?),  n.  [AS.  misd.  See Deed, n.] An evil deed; a wicked

     Evils which our own misdeeds have wrought. Milton.

   Syn.   --   Misconduct;   misdemeanor;   fault;   offense;   trespass;
   transgression; crime.


   Mis*deem" (?), v. t. To misjudge. [Obs.] Milton.


   Mis`de*mean"  (?),  v.  t. To behave ill; -- with a reflexive pronoun;
   as, to misdemean one's self.


   Mis`de*mean"ant (?), n. One guilty of a misdemeanor. Sydney Smith.


   Mis`de*mean"or (?), n.

   1. Ill behavior; evil conduct; fault. Shak.

   2. (Law) A crime less than a felony. Wharton.

     NOTE: &hand; As  a rule, in the old English law, offenses capitally
     punishable  were  felonies;  all  other  indictable  offenses  were
     misdemeanors. In common usage, the word crime is employed to denote
     the offenses of a deeper and more atrocious dye, while small faults
     and  omissions  of less consequence are comprised under the gentler
     name of misdemeanors. Blackstone. The distinction, however, between
     felonies  and  misdemeanors  is  purely  arbitrary,  and is in most
     jurisdictions  either  abrogated or so far reduced as to be without
     practical value. Cf. Felony. Wharton.

   Syn.   --   Misdeed;   misconduct;   misbehavior;   fault;   trespass;


   Mis*dempt" (?), obs. p. p. of Misdeem. Spenser.


   Mis`de*part" (?), v. t. To distribute wrongly. [Obs.]

     He misdeparteth riches temporal. Chaucer.


   Mis`de*rive" (?), v. t.

   1. To turn or divert improperly; to misdirect. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

   2. To derive erroneously.


   Mis`de*scribe" (?), v. t. To describe wrongly.


   Mis`de*sert", n. Ill desert. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Mis`de*vo"tion (?), n. Mistaken devotion.


   Mis*di"et (?), n. Improper. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Mis*di"et, v. t. To diet improperly.


   Mis*dight"  (?),  a.  Arrayed,  prepared,  or  furnished,  unsuitably.
   [Archaic] Bp. Hall.


   Mis`di*rect" (?), v. t. To give a wrong direction to; as, to misdirect
   a passenger, or a letter; to misdirect one's energies. Shenstone.


   Mis`di*rec"tion (?), n.

   1. The act of directing wrongly, or the state of being so directed.

   2.  (Law) An error of a judge in charging the jury on a matter of law.
   Mozley & W.


   Mis*dis`po*si"tion  (?),  n.  Erroneous  disposal  or application. Bp.


   Mis`dis*tin"guish  (?),  v.  t.  To  make  wrong  distinctions  in  or
   concerning. Hooker.


   Mis`di*vide" (?), v. t. To divide wrongly.


   Mis`di*vi"sion (?), n. Wrong division.


   Mis*do"  (?),  v. t. [imp. Misdid (?); p. p. Misdone (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Misdoing.] [AS. misd. See Do, v.]

   1. To do wrongly.

     Afford  me place to show what recompense To wards thee I intend for
     what I have misdone. Milton.

   2. To do wrong to; to illtreat. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mis*do", v. i. To do wrong; to commit a fault.

     I have misdone, and I endure the smart. Dryden.


   Mis*do"er, n. A wrongdoer. Spenser.


   Mis*do"ing,  n. A wrong done; a fault or crime; an offense; as, it was
   my misdoing.


   Mis*doubt"  (?),  v.  t.  & i. To be suspicious of; to have suspicion.

     I do not misdoubt my wife. Shak.


   Mis*doubt", n.

   1. Suspicion. [Obs.]

   2. Irresolution; hesitation. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mis*doubt"ful  (?),  a  Misgiving; hesitating. [Obs.] "Her misdoubtful
   mind." Spenser.


   Mis*dread" (?), n. Dread of evil. [Obs.]


   Mise  (?),  n. [F. mise a putting, setting, expense, fr. mis, mise, p.
   p. of mettre to put, lay, fr. LL. mittere to send.]

   1. (Law) The issue in a writ of right.

   2. Expense; cost; disbursement. [Obs.]

   3. A tax or tallage; in Wales, an honorary gift of the people to a new
   king or prince of Wales; also, a tribute paid, in the country palatine
   of Chester, England, at the change of the owner of the earldom. [Obs.]


   Mis*ease"   (?),   n.  [OE.  mesaise,  OF.  mesaise.]  Want  of  ease;
   discomfort; misery. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Mis*eased"  (?),  a.  Having  discomfort  or  misery; troubled. [Obs.]


   Mis*eas"y (?), a. Not easy; painful. [Obs.]


   Mis`e*di"tion  (?),  n.  An  incorrect or spurious edition. [Obs.] Bp.


   Mis*ed"u*cate (?; 135), v. t. To educate in a wrong manner.


   Mis`em*ploy"  (?),  v.  t.  To  employ  amiss;  as, to misemploy time,
   advantages, talents, etc.

     Their frugal father's gains they misemploy. Dryden.


   Mis`em*ploy"ment (?), n. Wrong or mistaken employment. Johnson.


   Mis*en"ter  (?),  v.  t. To enter or insert wrongly, as a charge in an


   Mis`en*treat" (?), v. t. To treat wrongfully. [Obs.] Grafton.


   Mis*en"try (?), n. An erroneous entry or charge, as of an account.


   Mi"ser (?), n. [L. miser wretched, miserable; cf. Gr. misero wretched,

   1.  A  wretched  person;  a  person afflicted by any great misfortune.
   [Obs.] Spenser.

     The woeful words of a miser now despairing. Sir P. Sidney.

   2. A despicable person; a wretch. [Obs.] Shak.

   3.  A  covetous,  grasping,  mean person; esp., one having wealth, who
   lives miserably for the sake of saving and increasing his hoard.

     As  some  lone  miser,  visiting  his store, Bends at his treasure,
     counts, recounts it o'er. Goldsmith.

   4. A kind of large earth auger. Knight.


   Mis"er*a*ble (?), a. [F. mis\'82rable, L. miserabilis, fr. miserari to
   lament, pity, fr. miser wretched. See Miser.]

   1. Very unhappy; wretched.

     What hopes delude thee, miserable man? Dryden.

   2. Causing unhappiness or misery.

     What 's more miserable than discontent? Shak.

   3.  Worthless;  mean;  despicable; as, a miserable fellow; a miserable

     Miserable comforters are ye all. Job xvi. 2.

   4.  Avaricious;  niggardly;  miserly.  [Obs.]  Hooker. Syn. -- Abject;
   forlorn; pitiable; wretched.


   Mis"er*a*ble, n. A miserable person. [Obs.] Sterne.


   Mis"er*a*ble*ness, n. The state or quality of being miserable.


   Mis"er*a*bly,   adv.   In   a   miserable;   unhappily;  calamitously;
   wretchedly; meanly.

     They were miserably entertained. Sir P. Sidney.

     The fifth was miserably stabbed to death. South.


   Mis`er*a"tion (?), n. Commiseration. [Obs.]


   Mis`e*re"re  (?),  n. [L., have mercy, fr. misereri to have mercy, fr.
   miser. See Miser.]

   1. (R. C. Ch.) The psalm usually appointed for penitential acts, being
   the  50th  psalm  in  the  Latin  version.  It commences with the word

   2. A musical composition adapted to the 50th psalm.

     Where only the wind signs miserere. Lowell.

   3.  (Arch.)  A  small projecting boss or bracket, on the under side of
   the  hinged  seat  of a church stall (see Stall). It was intended, the
   seat  being  turned  up,  to  give  some  support  to a worshiper when
   standing. Called also misericordia.

   4. (Med.) Same as Ileus.


   Mis"er*i*corde" (?), n. [F. mis\'82ricorde. See Misericordia.]

   1. Compassion; pity; mercy. [Obs.]

   2. (Anc. Armor.) Same as Misericordia, 2.


   Mis`e*ri*cor"di*a  (?),  n.  [L.,  mercy, compassion; miser wretched +
   cor, cordis, heart.]

   1. (O. Law) An amercement. Burrill.

   2.  (Anc. Armor.) A thin-bladed dagger; so called, in the Middle Ages,
   because  used  to  give  the death wound or "mercy" stroke to a fallen

   3.  (Eccl.) An indulgence as to food or dress granted to a member of a
   religious order. Shipley.

   Page 930


   Mi"ser*ly  (?),  a. [From Miser.] Like a miser; very covetous; sordid;
   niggardly.   Syn.  --  Avaricious;  niggardly;  sordid;  parsimonious;
   penurious; covetous; stingy; mean. See Avaricious.


   Mi"ser*y  (?),  n.;  pl.  Miseries  (#). [OE. miserie, L. miseria, fr.
   miser wretched: cf. F. mis\'8are, OF. also, miserie.]

   1.  Great  unhappiness;  extreme  pain  of body or mind; wretchedness;
   distress; woe. Chaucer.

     Destruction and misery are in their ways. Rom. iii. 16.

   2. Cause of misery; calamity; misfortune.

     When  we  our  betters  see bearing our woes, We scarcely think our
     miseries our foes. Shak.

   3.  Covetousness; niggardliness; avarice. [Obs.] Syn. -- Wretchedness;
   torture; agony; torment; anguish; distress; calamity; misfortune.


   Mis`es*teem"   (?),   n.   [Cf.  F.  m\'82sestime.]  Want  of  esteem;
   disrespect. Johnson.


   Mis*es"ti*mate (?), v. t. To estimate erroneously. J. S. Mill.


   Mis*ex`pla*na"tion (?), n. An erroneous explanation.


   Mis*ex`pli*ca"tion (?), n. Wrong explication.


   Mis*ex`po*si"tion (?), n. Wrong exposition.


   Mis`ex*pound" (?), v. t. To expound erroneously.


   Mis`ex*pres"sion (?), n. Wrong expression.


   Mis*faith"  (?),  n.  Want  of  faith; distrust. "[Anger] born of your
   misfaith." Tennyson.


   Mis*fall" (?), v. t. [imp. Misfell; p. p. Misfallen (; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Misfalling.]  To  befall,  as ill luck; to happen to unluckily. [Obs.]


   Mis*fare"  (?),  v.  i.  [AS.  misfaran.]  To  fare  ill. [Obs.] -- n.
   Misfortune. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Mis*fash"ion (?), v. t. To form wrongly.


   Mis*fea"sance (?), n. [OF. pref. mes- wrong (L. minus less) + faisance
   doing, fr. faire to do, L. facere. Cf. Malfeasance.] (Law) A trespass;
   a  wrong  done;  the  improper  doing  of  an act which a person might
   lawfully do. Bouvier. Wharton.


   Mis*fea"ture (?), n. Ill feature. [R.] Keats.


   Mis*feel"ing (?), a. Insensate. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Mis*feign" (?), v. i. To feign with an evil design. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Mis*fit" (?), n.

   1.  The  act  or  the state of fitting badly; as, a misfit in making a
   coat; a ludicrous misfit.

   2. Something that fits badly, as a garment.

     I  saw  an uneasy change in Mr. Micawber, which sat tightly on him,
     as if his new duties were a misfit. Dickens.


   Mis*form"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Misformed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Misforming.] To make in an ill form. Spenser.


   Mis`for*ma"tion (?), n. Malformation.


   Mis*for"tu*nate (?; 135), a. Producing misfortune. [Obs.]


   Mis*for"tune  (?), n. Bad fortune or luck; calamity; an evil accident;
   disaster; mishap; mischance.

     Consider  why  the change was wrought, You 'll find his misfortune,
     not his fault. Addison.

   Syn.   --   Calamity;  mishap;  mischance;  misadventure;  ill;  harm;
   disaster. See Calamity.


   Mis*for"tune, v. i. To happen unluckily or unfortunately; to miscarry;
   to fail. [Obs.] Stow.


   Mis*for"tuned (?), a. Unfortunate. [Obs.]


   Mis*frame" (?), v. t. To frame wrongly.


   Mis*get" (?), v. t. To get wrongfully. [Obs.]


   Mis*gie" (?), v. t. See Misgye. [Obs.]


   Mis*give"  (?),  v. t. [imp. Misgave (?); p. p. Misgiven (?); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Misgiving.]

   1. To give or grant amiss. [Obs.] Laud.

   2.  Specifically:  To  give  doubt  and  apprehension  to,  instead of
   confidence  and  courage;  to  impart  fear to; to make irresolute; --
   usually  said  of  the  mind  or  heart, and followed by the objective
   personal pronoun.

     So doth my heart misgive me in these conflicts What may befall him,
     to his harm and ours. Shak.

     Such  whose  consciences  misgave  them, how ill they had deserved.

   3. To suspect; to dread. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mis*give",  v. i. To give out doubt and apprehension; to be fearful or
   irresolute. "My mind misgives." Shak.


   Mis*giv"ing,  n.  Evil  premonition;  doubt; distrust. "Suspicious and
   misgivings." South.


   Mi*go" (?), v. i. To go astray. Spenser.


   Mis*got"ten (?), a. Unjustly gotten. Spenser.


   Mis*gov"ern  (?),  v.  t.  To  govern ill; as, to misgovern a country.


   Mis*gov"ern*ance   (?),  n.  Misgovernment;  misconduct;  misbehavior.
   [Obs.] Chaucer. Spenser.


   Mis*gov"erned  (?), a. Ill governed, as a people; ill directed. "Rude,
   misgoverned hands." Shak.


   Mis*gov"ern*ment (?), n. Bad government; want of government. Shak.


   Mis*gra"cious (?), a. Not gracious. [Obs.]


   Mis*graff" (?), v. t. To misgraft. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mis*graft" (?), v. t. To graft wrongly.


   Mis*ground"  (?),  v.  t. To found erroneously. "Misgrounded conceit."
   Bp. Hall.


   Mis*growth" (?), n. Bad growth; an unnatural or abnormal growth.


   Mis*guess" (?), v. t. & i. To guess wrongly.


   Mis*guid"ance (?), n. Wrong guidance.


   Mis*guide"  (?),  v.  t.  To  guide  wrongly;  to  lead astray; as, to
   misguide the understanding.


   Mis*guide", n. Misguidance; error. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Mis*guid"ing, a. Misleading. -- Mis*guid"ing*ly, adv.


   Mis*gye" (?), v. t. To misguide. [Obs.]


   Mis*han"dle (?), v. t. To handle ill or wrongly; to maltreat.


   Mis*hap"  (?),  n.  Evil  accident;  ill  luck; misfortune; mischance.

     Secure from worldly chances and mishaps. Shak.


   Mis*hap"  (?), v. i. To happen unluckily; -- used impersonally. [Obs.]
   "If that me mishap." Chaucer.


   Mis*hap"pen (?), v. i. To happen ill or unluckily. Spenser.


   Mis*hap"py (?), a. Unhappy. [Obs.]


   Mish*cup" (?), n. [See Scup.] (Zo\'94l.) The scup. [Local, U. S.]


   Mis*hear" (?), v. t. & i. To hear incorrectly.


   Mish"mash`  (?),  n.  [Cf.  G.  mish-mash,  fr.  mischen  to  mix.]  A
   hotchpotch. Sir T. Herbert.


   Mish"na  (?),  n.  [NHeb.  mishn\'beh,  i.  e.,  repetition, doubling,
   explanation  (of  the divine law), fr. Heb. sh\'ben\'beh to change, to
   repeat.]  A collection or digest of Jewish traditions and explanations
   of Scripture, forming the text of the Talmud. [Written also Mischna.]


   Mish"nic (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Mishna.


   Mis`im*ag`i*na"tion (?), n. Wrong imagination; delusion. Bp. Hall.


   Mis`im*prove"  (?),  v.  t.  To  use  for  a bad purpose; to abuse; to
   misuse; as, to misimprove time, talents, advantages, etc. South.


   Mis`im*prove"ment  (?),  n.  Ill  use  or  employment;  use  for a bad


   Mis"in*cline"  (?),  v.  t.  To  cause  to have a wrong inclination or
   tendency; to affect wrongly.


   Mis`in*fer" (?), v. t. To infer incorrectly.


   Mis`in*form"  (?),  v.  t.  To  give  untrue information to; to inform


   Mis`in*form",  v.  i.  To  give  untrue information; (with against) to
   calumniate. [R.] Bp. Montagu.


   Mis`in*form"ant (?), n. A misinformer.


   Mis*in`for*ma"tion (?), n. Untrue or incorrect information. Bacon.


   Mis`in*form"er (?), n. One who gives or incorrect information.


   Mis`in*struct" (?), v. t. To instruct amiss.


   Mis`in*struc"tion (?), n. Wrong or improper instruction.


   Mis`in*tel"li*gence (?), n.

   1. Wrong information; misinformation.

   2. Disagreement; misunderstanding. [Obs.]


   Mis`in*tend" (?), v. t. To aim amiss. [Obs.]


   Mis`in*ter"pret  (?), v. t. To interpret erroneously; to understand or
   to explain in a wrong sense.


   Mis`in*ter"pret*a*ble  (?), a. Capable of being misinterpreted; liable
   to be misunderstood.


   Mis`in*ter"pre*ta"tion  (?), n. The act of interpreting erroneously; a
   mistaken interpretation.


   Mis`in*ter"pret*er (?), n. One who interprets erroneously.


   Mis*join" (?), v. t. To join unfitly or improperly.


   Mis*join"der  (?), n. (Law) An incorrect union of parties or of causes
   of action in a procedure, criminal or civil. Wharton.


   Mis*judge" (?), v. t. & i. To judge erroneously or unjustly; to err in
   judgment; to misconstrue.


   Mis*judg"ment  (?),  n. [Written also misjudgement.] A wrong or unjust


   Mis*keep" (?), v. t. To keep wrongly. Chaucer.


   Mis*ken" (?), v. t. Not to know. [Obs.]


   Mis"kin  (?),  n.  [Prob.  for music + -kin.] (Mus.) A little bagpipe.
   [Obs.] Drayton.


   Mis*kin"dle  (?),  v. t. To kindle amiss; to inflame to a bad purpose;
   to excite wrongly.


   Mis*know" (?), v. t. To have a mistaken notion of or about. [Obs.] Bp.


   Mis`lac*ta"tion (?), n. (Med.) Defective flow or vitiated condition of
   the milk.


   Mis*lay"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Mislaid (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To lay in a wrong place; to ascribe to a wrong source.

     The fault is generally mislaid upon nature. Locke.

   2. To lay in a place not recollected; to lose.

     The...  charter,  indeed, was unfortunately mislaid: and the prayer
     of  their  petition  was to obtain one of like import in its stead.


   Mis*lay"er (?), n. One who mislays.


   Mi"sle  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Misled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Misling
   (?).]  [Prop.  mistle,  fr. mist. Cf. Mistle, Mizzle.] To rain in very
   fine drops, like a thick mist; to mizzle.


   Mi"sle, n. A fine rain; a thick mist; mizzle.


   Mis*lead"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Misled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Misleading.] [AS. misl. See Mis-, and Lead to conduct.] To lead into a
   wrong  way  or  path; to lead astray; to guide into error; to cause to
   mistake; to deceive.

     Trust not servants who mislead or misinform you. Bacon.

     To give due light To the mislead and lonely traveler. Milton.

   Syn. -- To delude; deceive. See Deceive.


   Mis*lead"er (?), n. One who leads into error.


   Mis*lead"ing, a. Leading astray; delusive.


   Mis*learn" (?), v. t. To learn wrongly.


   Mis*led" (?), imp. & p. p. of Mislead.


   Mi"len (?), n. See Maslin.


   Mis"le*toe (?), n. See Mistletoe.


   Mis*light"  (?),  v.  t. To deceive or lead astray with a false light.


   Mis*like"  (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Misliked (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Misliking.]  [AS. misl\'c6cian to displease. See Like, v.] To dislike;
   to disapprove of; to have aversion to; as, to mislike a man.

     Who may like or mislike what he says. I. Taylor.


   Mis*like", n. Dislike; disapprobation; aversion.


   Mis*lik"er (?), n. One who dislikes.


   Mis*lik"ing, n. Dislike; aversion.


   Mis"lin (?), n. & a. See Maslin.


   Mis*live" (?), v. i. To live amiss.


   Mis*lodge" (?), v. t. To lodge amiss. [Obs.]


   Mis*luck" (?), n. Ill luck; misfortune.


   Mis"ly (?), a. Raining in very small drops.


   Mis*take"  (?),  v.  t.  To  make  or  form amiss; to spoil in making.
   "Limping possibilities of mismade human nature." Mrs. Browning.


   Mis*man"age  (?),  v.  t.  &  i.  To  manage ill or improperly; as, to
   mismanage public affairs.


   Mis*man"age*ment  (?),  n.  Wrong  or  bad  management;  as, he failed
   through mismagement.


   Mis*man"a*ger (?), n. One who manages ill.


   Mis*mark" (?), v. t. To mark wrongly.


   Mis*match" (?), v. t. To match unsuitably.


   Mis*mate"  (?),  v.  t.  To mate wrongly or unsuitably; as, to mismate
   gloves or shoes; a mismated couple.<-- = mismatch. -->


   Mis*meas"ure (?; 135), v. t. To measure or estimate incorrectly.


   Mis*meas"ure*ment, n. Wrong measurement.


   Mis*me"ter  (?),  v.  t.  To  give the wrong meter to, as to a line of
   verse. [R.] Chaucer.


   Mis*name"  (?),  v.  t.  To call by the wrong name; to give a wrong or
   inappropriate name to.


   Mis*no"mer  (?),  n. [OF. pref. mes- amiss, wrong (L. minus less) + F.
   nommer  to name, L. nominare, fr. nomen name. See Name.] The misnaming
   of  a  person  in a legal instrument, as in a complaint or indictment;
   any  misnaming  of  a person or thing; a wrong or inapplicable name or

     Many  of  the  changes,  by  a great misnomer, called parliamentary
     "reforms". Burke.

     The word "synonym" is fact a misnomer. Whatel


   Mis*no"mer, v. t. To misname. [R.]


   Mis*num"ber (?), v. t. To number wrongly.


   Mis*nur"ture  (?;  135),  v.  t.  To  nurture or train wrongly; as, to
   misnurture children. Bp. Hall.


   Mis`o*be"di*ence  (?),  n.  Mistaken  obedience;  disobedience. [Obs.]


   Mis`ob*serve"  (?),  v.  t.  To  observe  inaccurately;  to mistake in
   observing. Locke.


   Mis`ob*serv"er  (?),  n. One who misobserves; one who fails to observe


   Mi*sog"a*mist (?), n. [Gr. A hater of marriage.


   Mi*sog"a*my (?), n. [Cf. F. misogamie.] Hatre


   Mi*sog"y*nist (?), n. [Gr. misogyne.] A woman hater. Fuller.


   Mi*sog"y*nous (?), a. Hating women.


   Mi*sog"y*ny (?; 277), n. [Gr. misogynie.] Hatred of women. Johnson.


   Mi*sol"o*gy  (?),  n. [Gr. Hatred of argument or discussion; hatred of
   enlightenment. G. H. Lewes.


   Mis`o*pin"ion, n. Wrong opinion. [Obs.]


   Mis*or"der  (?), v. t. To order ill; to manage erroneously; to conduct
   badly. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mis*or"der, n. Irregularity; disorder. [Obs.] Camden.


   Mis*or"der*ly, a. Irregular; disorderly. [Obs.]


   Mis*or`di*na"tion (?), n. Wrong ordination.


   Mis"o*the`ism (?), n. [Gr. Hatred of God. De Quincey.


   Mis*paint" (?), v. t. To paint ill, or wrongly.


   Mis*pas"sion (?), n. Wrong passion or feeling. [Obs.]


   Mis*pay" (?), v. t. [Cf. Appay.] To dissatisfy. [Obs.]

                            Mispell, v. t., Mispend

   Mis*pell" (?), v. t., Mis*pend" (, v. t., etc. See Misspell, Misspend,


   Mis*pense" (?), n. See Misspense. Bp. Hall.


   Mis`per*cep"tion (?), n. Erroneous perception.


   Mis`per*suade" (?), v. t. To persuade amiss.


   Mis`per*sua"sion  (?), n. A false persuasion; wrong notion or opinion.
   Dr. H. More.


   Mis*pick"el (?), n. [G.] (Min.) Arsenical iron pyrites; arsenopyrite.


   Mis*place"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Misplaced (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Misplacing  (?).]  To  put  in  a  wrong  place; to set or place on an
   improper or unworthy object; as, he misplaced his confidence.


   Mis*place"ment  (?),  n.  The act of misplacing, or the state of being


   Mis*plead" (?), v. i. To err in pleading.


   Mis*plead"ing, n. (Law) An error in pleading.


   Mis*point" (?), v. t. To point improperly; to punctuate wrongly.


   Mis*pol"i*cy (?), n. Wrong policy; impolicy.


   Mis*prac"tice (?), n. Wrong practice.


   Mis*praise" (?), v. t. To praise amiss.


   Mis*print" (?), v. t. To print wrong.


   Mis*print", n. A mistake in printing; a deviation from the copy; as, a
   book full of misprints.


   Mis*prise" (?), v. t. See Misprize. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mis*prise",  v.  t. [OF. mesprise mistake, F. m\'82prise, fr. mespris,
   masc.,   mesprise,   fem.,   p.   p.  of  mesprendre  to  mistake;  F.
   m\'82prendre;  pref.  mes- amiss + prendre to take, L. prehendere.] To
   mistake. [Obs.] Shak.


   Mis*pri"sion  (?),  n.  [LL.  misprisio,  or  OF.  mesprison, prop., a
   mistaking,  but  confused with OF. mespris contempt, F. m\'82pris. See
   2d Misprise, Misprize, Prison.]

   1.  The  act  of  misprising; misapprehension; misconception; mistake.
   [Archaic] Fuller.

     The  misprision of this passage has aided in fostering the delusive
     notion. Hare.

   2. Neglect; undervaluing; contempt. [Obs.] Shak.

   3. (Law) A neglect, negligence, or contempt.

     NOTE: &hand; In  it s larger and older sense it was used to signify
     "every  considerable misdemeanor which has not a certain name given
     to  it  in  the law." Russell. In a more modern sense it is applied
     exclusively  to two offenses: -- 1. Misprision of treason, which is
     omission to notify the authorities of an act of treason by a person
     cognizant  thereof.  Stephen.  2.  Misprision of felony, which is a
     concealment of a felony by a person cognizant thereof. Stephen.