Unabridged Dictionary - Letter I

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   I (?).

   1.  I,  the  ninth letter of the English alphabet, takes its form from
   the  Ph\'d2nician,  through  the Latin and the Greek. The Ph\'d2nician
   letter  was probably of Egyptian origin. Its original value was nearly
   the   same  as  that  of  the  Italian  I,  or  long  e  as  in  mete.
   Etymologically  I  is  most closely related to e, y, j, g; as in dint,
   dent, beverage, L. bibere; E. kin, AS. cynn; E. thin, AS. y
   nne;  E.  dominion,  donjon,  dungeon.  In English I has two principal
   vowel  sounds:  the  long  sound, as in p\'c6ne, \'c6ce; and the short
   sound, as in p&icr;n. It has also three other sounds: (a) That of e in
   term,  as  in  thirst.  (b)  That  of  e  in mete (in words of foreign
   origin),  as  in  machine,  pique, regime. (c) That of consonant y (in
   many words in which it precedes another vowel), as in bunion, million,
   filial,  Christian,  etc. It enters into several digraphs, as in fail,
   field, seize, feign. friend; and with o often forms a proper diphtong,
   as in oil, join, coin.

   See Guide to Pronunciation,  98-106.

     NOTE: The do t wh ich we place over the small or lower case i dates
     only  from  the 14th century. The sounds of I and J were originally
     represented  by the same character, and even after the introduction
     of  the  form  J  into English dictionaries, words containing these
     letters were, till a comparatively recent time, classed together.

   2. In our old authors, I was often used for ay (or aye), yes, which is
   pronounced nearly like it.

   3. As a numeral, I stands for 1, II for 2, etc.


   I- (?), prefix. See Y-.


   I  (?),  pron. [poss. My (?) or Mine (; object. Me (?). pl. nom. We (;
   poss.  Our  (?)  or  Ours (; object. Us (?).] [OE. i, ich, ic, AS. ic;
   akin  to  OS.  &  D. ik, OHG. ih, G. ich, Icel. ek, Dan. jeg, Sw. jag,
   Goth. ik, OSlav. az', Russ. ia, W. i, L. ego, Gr. aham. &root;179. Cf.
   Egoism.]  The  nominative case of the pronoun of the first person; the
   word with which a speaker or writer denotes himself.


   I*am`a*tol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -logy.]  (Med.)  Materia Medica; that
   branch of therapeutics which treats of remedies.


   I"amb (?), n. [Cf. F. iambe. See Lambus.] An iambus or iambic. [R.]


   I*am"bic (?), a. [L. iambicus, Gr. iambique.]

   1.  (Pros.)  Consisting of a short syllable followed by a long one, or
   of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented; as, an iambic foot.

   2. Pertaining to, or composed of, iambics; as, an iambic verse; iambic
   meter. See Lambus.


   I*am"bic, n.

   1.  (Pros.)  (a)  An  iambic  foot; an iambus. (b) A verse composed of
   iambic feet.

     NOTE: &hand; The following couplet consists of iambic verses.

     Thy  gen-  |  ius calls | thee not | to pur- | chase fame In keen |
     iam- | bics, but | mild an- | agram. Dryden.

   2.  A  satirical  poem  (such  poems  having been anciently written in
   iambic verse); a satire; a lampoon.


   I*am"bic*al (?), a. Iambic. [Obs. or R.]


   I*am"bic*al*ly, adv. In a iambic manner; after the manner of iambics.


   I*am"bize (?), v. t. [Gr. To satirize in iambics; to lampoon. [R.]


   I*am"bus  (?),  n.; pl. L. Iambi (#), E. Iambuses (#). [L. iambus, Gr.
   jacere  to throw. Cf. Jet a shooting forth.] (Pros.) A foot consisting
   of  a short syllable followed by a long one, as in &acr;m\'bens, or of
   an  unaccented  syllable  followed  by  an accented one, as invent; an
   iambic. See the Couplet under Iambic, n.


   I*an"thi*na  (?),  n.; pl. L. Ianthin\'91 (#), E. Ianthinas (#). [NL.,
   fr.  L.  ianthinus  violet-blue,  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) Any gastropod of the
   genus  Ianthina,  of  which  various  species  are found living in mid
   ocean;  --  called  also purple shell, and violet snail. [Written also

     NOTE: &hand; It  floats at the surface by means of a raft, which it
     constructs  by forming and uniting together air bubbles of hardened
     mucus.  The Tyrian purple of the ancients was obtained in part from
     mollusks of this genus.


   I*a`tra*lip"tic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  iatraliptique.]  Treating diseases by
   anointing  and  friction;  as,  the  iatraliptic method. [Written also

                               Iatric, Iatrical

   I*at"ric  (?),  I*at"ric*al (?), a. [Gr. Of or pertaining to medicine,
   or to medical men.


   I*a`tro*chem"ic*al  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to iatrochemistry, or to
   the iatrochemists.


   I*a`tro*chem"ist  (?),  n. [Gr. chemist.] A physician who explained or
   treated   diseases   upon   chemical  principles;  one  who  practiced


   I*a`tro*chem"is*try   (?),  n.  Chemistry  applied  to,  or  used  in,
   medicine;  --  used  especially with reference to the doctrines in the
   school  of  physicians in Flanders, in the 17th century, who held that
   health depends upon the proper chemical relations of the fluids of the
   body,  and  who  endeavored  to  explain  the  conditions of health or
   disease by chemical principles.


   I*a`tro*math`e*mat"ic*al    (?),    a.    Of    or    pertaining    to
   iatromathematicians or their doctrine.


   I*a`tro*math`e*ma*ti"cian  (?),  n.  [Gr. mathematician.] (Hist. Med.)
   One  of  a school of physicians in Italy, about the middle of the 17th
   century,  who  tried to apply the laws of mechanics and mathematics to
   the human body, and hence were eager student of anatomy; -- opposed to
   the iatrochemists.


   I*be"ri*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to Iberia.


   I"bex  (?), n.; pl. E. Ibexes (#), L. Ibices (#). [L., a kind of goat,
   the  chamois.]  (Zo\'94l.) One of several species of wild goats having
   very  large,  recurved  horns, transversely ridged in front; -- called
   also steinbok.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e Al pine ib ex (Capra ibex) is the best known. The
     Spanish,  or  Pyrenean,  ibex  (C. Hispanica) has smoother and more
     spreading horns.


   I*bi"dem (?), adv. [L.] In the same place; -- abbreviated ibid. or ib.


   I"bis  (?), n. [L. ibis, Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Any bird of the genus Ibis and
   several allied genera, of the family Ibid\'91, inhabiting both the Old
   World  and the New. Numerous species are known. They are large, wading
   birds, having a long, curved beak, and feed largely on reptiles.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e sa cred ib is of  th e an cient Eg yptians (I bis
     \'92thiopica)  has  the  head and neck black, without feathers. The
     plumage  of  the  body  and  wings is white, except the tertiaries,
     which are lengthened and form a dark purple plume. In ancient times
     this  bird  was  extensively  domesticated  in Egypt, but it is now
     seldom  seen  so  far north. The glossy ibis (Plegadis autumnalis),
     which  is widely distributed both in the Old World and the New, has
     the  head and neck feathered, except between the eyes and bill; the
     scarlet ibis (Guara rubra) and the white ibis (G. alba) inhabit the
     West  Indies  and South America, and are rarely found in the United
     States.  The  wood  ibis (Tantalus loculator) of America belongs to
     the Stork family (Ciconid\'91). See Wood ibis.


   -i*ble (?). See -able.


   -ic (?). [L. -icus, Gr. ique.]

   1. A suffix signifying, in general, relating to, or characteristic of;
   as, historic, hygienic, telegraphic, etc.

   2.  (Chem.)  A suffix, denoting that the element indicated enters into
   certain  compounds  with  its  highest  valence,  or  with  a  valence
   relatively higher than in compounds where the name of the element ends
   in  -ous;  as, ferric, sulphuric. It is also used in the general sense
   of pertaining to; as, hydric, sodic, calcic.


   I*ca"ri*an  (?), a. [L. Icarius, Gr. Soaring too high for safety, like
   Icarus; adventurous in flight.


   Ice  (?),  n.  [OE.  is, iis, AS. \'c6s; aksin to D. ijs, G. eis, OHG.
   \'c6s, Icel. \'c6ss, Sw. is, Dan. iis, and perh. to E. iron.]

   1.  Water or other fluid frozen or reduced to the solid state by cold;
   frozen  water.  It  is  a  white  or  transparent colorless substance,
   crystalline,  brittle, and viscoidal. Its specific gravity (0.92, that
   of  water  at  4\'f8  C. being 1.0) being less than that of water, ice

     NOTE: &hand; Wa ter fr eezes at  32 \'f8 F. or 0\'f8 Cent., and ice
     melts  at  the same temperature. Ice owes its cooling properties to
     the large amount of heat required to melt it.

   2. Concreted sugar. Johnson.

   3.  Water, cream, custard, etc., sweetened, flavored, and artificially

   4. Any substance having the appearance of ice; as, camphor ice.
   Anchor  ice,  ice which sometimes forms about stones and other objects
   at  the  bottom  of  running  or  other water, and is thus attached or
   anchored  to the ground. -- Bay ice, ice formed in bays, fiords, etc.,
   often  in  extensive  fields  which  drift  out to sea. -- Ground ice,
   anchor ice. -- Ice age (Geol.), the glacial epoch or period. See under
   Glacial.  --  Ice  anchor (Naut.), a grapnel for mooring a vessel to a
   field  of  ice.  Kane.  --  Ice  blink  [Dan.  iisblink],  a streak of
   whiteness  of  the horizon, caused by the reflection of light from ice
   not  yet  in  sight.  --  Ice  boat.  (a) A boat fitted with skates or
   runners,  and  propelled  on  ice by sails; an ice yacht. (b) A strong
   steamboat  for  breaking a channel through ice. -- Ice box OR chest, a
   box  for  holding ice; a box in which things are kept cool by means of
   ice;  a  refrigerator. -- Ice brook, a brook or stream as cold as ice.
   [Poetic] Shak. -- Ice cream [for iced cream], cream, milk, or custard,
   sweetened,  flavored,  and frozen. -- Ice field, an extensive sheet of
   ice. -- Ice float, Ice floe, a sheet of floating ice similar to an ice
   field,  but  smaller. -- Ice foot, shore ice in Arctic regions; an ice
   belt.  Kane. -- Ice house, a close-covered pit or building for storing
   ice.  -- Ice machine (Physics), a machine for making ice artificially,
   as by the production of a low temperature through the sudden expansion
   of  a  gas or vapor, or the rapid evaporation of a volatile liquid. --
   Ice  master.  See Ice pilot (below). -- Ice pack, an irregular mass of
   broken  and  drifting ice. -- Ice paper, a transparent film of gelatin
   for copying or reproducing; papier glac\'82. -- Ice petrel (Zo\'94l.),
   a  shearwater (Puffinus gelidus) of the Antarctic seas, abundant among
   floating  ice.  --  Ice pick, a sharp instrument for breaking ice into
   small  pieces.  -- Ice pilot, a pilot who has charge of a vessel where
   the  course is obstructed by ice, as in polar seas; -- called also ice
   master.  -- Ice pitcher, a pitcher adapted for ice water. -- Ice plow,
   a  large  tool  for  grooving  and  cutting ice. <-- ice sculpture = a
   sculpture  carved  from  a  block  of  ice,  often used for decorating
   restaurants.  ice  show  an  entertainment  consisting  of ice skaters
   performing  figure-skating  on  a  sheet  of ice, usually in an arena,
   often accompanied by music. --> -- Ice sludge, bay ice broken small by
   the  wind or waves; sludge. -- Ice spar (Min.), a variety of feldspar,
   the  crystals  of  which  are  very clear like ice; rhyacolite. -- Ice
   tongs,  large  iron  nippers for handling ice. -- Ice water. (a) Water
   cooled  by  ice. (b) Water formed by the melting of ice. -- Ice yacht.
   See  Ice  boat (above). -- To break the ice. See under Break. -- Water
   ice,  a  confection  consisting  of  water  sweetened,  flavored,  and
   frozen.<-- also called Italian ice -->


   Ice (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Iced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Icing (?).]

   1.  To  cover  with  ice;  to  convert  into  ice,  or  into something
   resembling ice.

   2. To cover with icing, or frosting made of sugar and milk or white of
   egg; to frost, as cakes, tarts, etc.

   3. To chill or cool, as with ice; to freeze.


   Ice"berg`  (?),  n.  [Prob.  of  Scand. origin; cf. Dan. iisbierg, Sw.
   isberg,  properly, a mountain of ice. See Ice, and Berg.] A large mass
   of ice, generally floating in the ocean.

     NOTE: &hand; Ic ebergs ar e la rge de tached po rtions of glaciers,
     which in cold regions often project into the sea.


   Ice"bird` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) An Arctic sea bird, as the Arctic fulmar.


   Ice"bound`  (?), a. Totally surrounded with ice, so as to be incapable
   of  advancing;  as, an icebound vessel; also, surrounded by or fringed
   with ice so as to hinder easy access; as, an icebound coast.


   Ice"-built` (?), a.

   1. Composed of ice.

   2. Loaded with ice. "Ice-built mountains." Gray.


   Iced (?), a.

   1. Covered with ice; chilled with ice; as, iced water.

   2. Covered with something resembling ice, as sugar icing; frosted; as,
   iced cake.
   Iced cream. Same as Ice cream, under Ice.
   Ice"fall`  (?),  n.  A  frozen  waterfall, or mass of ice resembling a
   frozen waterfall. Coleridge. 


   Ice"land*er  (?),  n.  A native, or one of the Scandinavian people, of


   Ice*lan"dic  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to Iceland; relating to, or
   resembling, the Icelanders.


   Ice*lan"dic  (?),  n. The language of the Icelanders. It is one of the
   Scandinavian  group,  and  is more nearly allied to the Old Norse than
   any other language now spoken.

                                 Iceland moss

   Ice"land  moss`  (?).  (Bot.)  A  kind of lichen (Cetraria Icelandica)
   found  from  the  Arctic  regions  to  the  North  Temperate  zone. It
   furnishes  a  nutritious jelly and other forms of food, and is used in
   pulmonary complaints as a demulcent.

                                 Iceland spar

   Ice"land  spar` (?). (Min.) A transparent variety of calcite, the best
   of  which  is  obtained  in  Iceland. It is used for the prisms of the
   polariscope, because of its strong double refraction. Cf. Calcite.


   Ice"man (?), n.; pl. Icemen (.

   1. A man who is skilled in traveling upon ice, as among glaciers.

   2.  One  who  deals  in  ice; one who retails or delivers ice. <-- The
   Iceman Cometh (Title of a book) -->

                                   Ice plant

   Ice"  plant`  (?).  (Bot.)  A  plant  (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum),
   sprinkled  with  pellucid, watery vesicles, which glisten like ice. It
   is  native  along  the  Mediterranean,  in  the Canaries, and in South
   Africa.  Its juice is said to be demulcent and diuretic; its ashes are
   used  in  Spain  in  making glass. <-- Ice skate = a shoe with a metal
   runner  (called a blade) attached to permit the wearer to glide on ice
   -->  Ice-skater  = one who skates on ice wearing an ice skate; esp. an
   athlete who performs athletic or artistic movements on a sheet of ice,
   wearing ice skates; including speed skater and figure skater -->

   Page 724


   Ice"quake`  (?),  n. The crash or concussion attending the breaking up
   of masses of ice, -- often due to contraction from extreme cold.


   Ich (?), pron. I. [Obs.] Chaucer.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e Southern dialect of Early English this is the
     regular form. Cf. Ik.


   Ich*neu"mon (?), n. [L., fr. Gr.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  carnivorous  mammal  of  the genus Herpestes, and
   family  Viverrid\'91.  Numerous  species are found in Asia and Africa.
   The   Egyptian  species(H.  ichneumon),  which  ranges  to  Spain  and
   Palestine, is noted for destroying the eggs and young of the crocodile
   as well as various snakes and lizards, and hence was considered sacred
   by  the  ancient  Egyptians. The common species of India (H. griseus),
   known  as  the mongoose, has similar habits and is often domesticated.
   It is noted for killing the cobra.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) Any hymenopterous insect of the family Ichneumonid\'91,
   of  which  several  thousand  species are known, belonging to numerous

     NOTE: &hand; Th e fe male deposits her eggs upon, or in, the bodies
     of  other insects, such as caterpillars, plant lice, etc. The larva
     lives  upon  the  internal  tissues  of  the  insect in which it is
     parasitic,  and  finally  kills  it. Hence, many of the species are
     beneficial to agriculture by destroying noxious insects.

   Ichneumon fly. See Ichneumon, 2.


   Ich`neu*mon"i*dan   (?),   a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the
   Ichneumonid\'91, or ichneumon flies. -- n. One of the Ichneumonid\'91.


   Ich`neu*mon"i*des  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See Ichneumon.] (Zo\'94l.) The
   ichneumon flies.


   Ich"nite  (?),  n.  [Gr.  A  fossil footprint; as, the ichnites in the
   Triassic sandstone. Page.

                         Ichnographic, Ichnographical

   Ich`no*graph"ic    (?),    Ich`no*graph"ic*al    (?),   a.   [Cf.   F.
   ichonographique.]  Of  or  pertaining  to  ichonography;  describing a
   ground plot.


   Ich*nog"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  ichonographie.] (Drawing) A horizontal
   section  of  a  building  or other object, showing its true dimensions
   according to a geometric scale; a ground plan; a map; also, the art of
   making such plans.


   Ich"no*lite (?), n. [Gr. -lite.] A fossil footprint; an ichnite.


   Ich`no*li*thol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr. -lith + -logy.] Same as Ichnology.


   Ich`no*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to ichnology.


   Ich*nol"o*gy  (?), n. [Gr. -logy.] (Geol.) The branch of science which
   treats of fossil footprints.


   Ich*nos"co*py  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -scopy.]  The  search for the traces of
   anything. [R.]


   I"chor (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ichor.]

   1.  (Class.  Myth.) An ethereal fluid that supplied the place of blood
   in the veins of the gods.

   2. A thin, acrid, watery discharge from an ulcer, wound, etc.


   I`chor*h\'91"mi*a  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Infection of the blood
   with ichorous or putrid substances.


   I"chor*ous  (?), a. [Cf. F. ichoreux.] Of or like ichor; thin; watery;
   serous; sanious.


   Ich"thi*din  (?), n. (Physiol. Chem.) A substance from the egg yolk of
   osseous fishes.


   Ich"thin  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Physiol.  Chem.)  A  nitrogenous  substance
   resembling vitellin, present in the egg yolk of cartilaginous fishes.


   Ich"thu*lin  (?),  n.  (Physiol.  Chem.)  A substance from the yolk of
   salmon's egg.


   Ich"thus  (?),  n.  [Gr.  In early Christian and eccesiastical art, an
   emblematic  fish,  or  the  Greek  word  for  fish, which combined the
   initials of the Greek words


   Ich"thy*ic (?), a. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Like, or pertaining to, fishes.

                           Ichthyocol, Ichthyocolla

   Ich"thy*o*col  (?),  Ich`thy*o*col"la  (?),  n.  [L. ichthyocolla, Gr.
   ichthyocolle.]  Fish  glue; isinglass; a glue prepared from the sounds
   of certain fishes.


   Ich`thy*o*cop"ro*lite  (?), n. [Gr. coprolite.] (Geol.) Fossil dung of


   Ich`thy*o*dor"u*lite  (?), n. [Gr. -lite.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the spiny
   plates foundon the back and tail of certain skates.


   Ich`thy*og"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  graphy:  cf.  F. ichthyographie.] A
   treatise on fishes.

                            Ichthyoid, Ichthyoidal

   Ich"thy*oid  (?), Ich`thy*oid"al (?), a. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Somewhat like
   a  fish; having some of the characteristics of fishes; -- said of some


   Ich`thy*ol"a*try  (?),  n.  [Gr.  Worship of fishes, or of fish-shaped
   idols. Layard.


   Ich"thy*o*lite  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -lite.]  (Paleon.)  A  fossil fish, or
   fragment of a fish.

                         Ichthyologic, Ichthyological

   Ich`thy*o*log"ic    (?),   Ich`thy*o*log"ic*al   (?),   a.   [Cf.   F.
   ichthyologique.] Of or pertaining to ichthyology.


   Ich`thy*ol"o*gist  (?),  n. [Cf. F. ichthyologiste.] One versed in, or
   who studies, ichthyology.


   Ich`thy*ol"o*gy  (?), n. [Gr. -logy: cf. F. ichthyologie.] The natural
   history  of fishes; that branch of zo\'94logy which relates to fishes,
   including their structure, classification, and habits.


   Ich"thy*o*man`cy   (?),   n.   [Gr.  -mancy:  cf.  F.  ichthyomancie.]
   Divination by the heads or the entrails of fishes.


   Ich`thy*o*mor"pha (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The Urodela.

                        Ichthyomorphic, Ichthyomorphous

   Ich`thy*o*mor"phic    (?),    Ich`thy*o*mor"phous    (?),    a.   [See
   Ichthyomorpha.]  Fish-shaped;  as, the ichthyomorphic idols of ancient


   Ich`thy*oph"a*gist  (?),  n.  [See  Ichthyophagous.]  One who eats, or
   subsists on, fish.


   Ich`thy*oph"a*gous   (?),   a.   [L.  ichthyophagus,  Gr.  Eating,  or
   subsisting on, fish.


   Ich`thy*oh"a*gy  (?),  n. [Gr. ichthyophagie.] The practice of eating,
   or living upon, fish.


   Ich`thy*oph*thal"mite (?), n. [Gr. See Apophyllite. [R.]


   Ich`thy*oph*thi"ra  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   copepod crustaceans, including numerous species parasitic on fishes.


   Ich`thy*op"si*da (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A grand division
   of the Vertebrata, including the Amphibia and Fishes.


   Ich`thy*op`te*ryg"i*a   (?),   n.   pl.  [NL.  See  Ichthyopterygium.]
   (Paleon.) See Ichthyosauria.


   Ich`thy*op`te*ryg"i*um (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.) The typical limb,
   or lateral fin, of fishes.


   Ich`thy*or"nis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Paleon.) An extinct genus of
   toothed  birds  found  in  the  American  Cretaceous  formation. It is
   remarkable  for having biconcave vertebr\'91, and sharp, conical teeth
   set  in  sockets. Its wings were well developed. It is the type of the
   order Odontotorm\'91.


   Ich"thy*o*saur  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. ichthyosaure.] (Paleon.) One of the


   Ich`thy*o*sau"ri*a  (?),  n. pl. [NL. See Ichthyosaurus.] (Paleon.) An
   extinct  order  of marine reptiles, including Ichthyosaurus and allied
   forms;  -- called also Ichthyopterygia. They have not been found later
   than the Cretaceous period.


   Ich`thy*o*sau"ri*an   (?),  a.  (Paleon.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the
   Ichthyosauria. -- n. One of the Ichthyosauria.


   Ich`thy*o*sau"rus  (?),  n.;  pl.  Ichthyosauri  (#).  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.
   'ichqy`s,  -y`os,  a  fish  +  say^ros a lizard.] (Paleon.) An extinct
   genus  of  marine  reptiles;  --  so named from their short, biconcave
   vertebr\'91,  resembling  those of fishes. Several species, varying in
   length   from  ten  to  thirty  feet,  are  known  from  the  Liassic,
   O\'94litic, and Cretaceous formations.


   Ich`thy*o"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) A disease in which the skin
   is  thick, rough, and scaly; -- called also fishskin. -- Ich`thy*ot"ic
   (#), a.


   Ich`thy*ot"o*mist (?), n. One skilled in ichthyotomy.


   Ich`thy*o"o*my (?), n. [Gr. The anatomy or dissection of fishes. [R.]


   Ich"thys (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. Same as Ichthus.


   I"ci*cle  (?),  n.  [OE.  isikel,  AS.  \'c6sgicel;  \'c6s ice + gicel
   icicle;  akin  to  Icel.  j\'94kull;  cf. Gael. eigh ice, Ir. aigh.] A
   pendent,  and  usually  conical,  mass  of  ice, formed by freezing of
   dripping water; as, the icicles on the eaves of a house.


   I"ci*cled (?), a. Having icicles attached.


   I"ci*ly (?), adv. In an icy manner; coldly.

     Faultily   faultless,   icily   regular,   splendidly   null,  Dead
     perfection, no more. Tennyson.


   I"ci*ness  (?),  n.  The  state  or quality of being icy or very cold;


   I"cing  (?),  n. A coating or covering resembling ice, as of sugar and
   milk or white of egg; frosting.


   Ic"kle (?), n. [OE. ikil. See Icicle.] An icicle. [Prov. Eng.]


   I"con  (?),  n. [L., fr. Gr. An image or representation; a portrait or
   pretended portrait.

     Netherlands whose names and icons are published. Hakewill.


   I*con"ic*al (?), a. Pertaining to, or consisting of, images, pictures,
   or representations of any kind.


   I"con*ism  (?),  n.  [L.  iconismus, Gr. iconisme.] The formation of a
   figure, representation, or semblance; a delineation or description.

     Some kind of apish imitations, counterfeit iconisms. Cudworth.


   I"con*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [Gr.  To  form  an image or likeness of. [R.]


   I*con"o*clasm  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  iconoclasme.  See  Iconoclast.] The
   doctrine or practice of the iconoclasts; image breaking.


   I*con"o*clast (?), n. [Gr. iconoclaste.]

   1.  A  breaker  or destroyer of images or idols; a determined enemy of
   idol worship.

   2.  One  who exposes or destroys impositions or shams; one who attacks
   cherished beliefs; a radical.


   I*con`o*clas"tic  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to the iconoclasts, or to
   image breaking. Milman.

                            Iconodule, Iconodulist

   I*con"o*dule  (?),  I*con"o*du`list (?), n. [Gr. (Eccl. Hist.) One who
   serves images; -- opposed to an iconoclast. Schaff-Herzog Encyc. 


   I`co*nog"ra*pher (?), n. A maker of images. Fairholt.


   I*con`o*graph"ic (?), a.

   1. Of or pertaining to iconography.

   2.  Representing  by means of pictures or diagrams; as, an icongraphic


   I`co*nog"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. iconographie.]

   1. The art or representation by pictures or images; the description or
   study  of  portraiture  or  representation,  as  of  persons;  as, the
   iconography of the ancients.

   2. The study of representative art in general.
   Christian  iconography, the study of the representations in art of the
   Deity,  the  persons  of  the Trinity, angels, saints, virtues, vices,


   I`co*nol"a*ter (?), n. [Gr. iconol\'83tre.] One who worships images.


   I`co*nol"a*try  (?),  n.  [See  Iconolater.]  The worship of images as
   symbols;  --  distinguished  from  idolatry,  the  worship  of  images


   I`co*nol"o*gy  (?), n. [Gr. iconologie.] The discussion or description
   of portraiture or of representative images. Cf. Iconography.


   I`co*nom"a*chy (?), n. [Gr. Hostility to images as objects of worship.


   I`co*nom"ic*al  (?),  a. [Gr. Opposed to pictures or images as objects
   of worship. [R.] Sir T. Browne.


   I`co*noph"i*list  (?),  n.  [Gr.  A student, or lover of the study, of


   I`co*sa*he"dral (?), a. [See Icosahedron.] (Geom.) Having twenty equal
   sides or faces.


   I`co*sa*he"dron  (?),  n. [Gr. (Geom.) A solid bounded by twenty sides
   or  faces.  Regular  icosahedron, one of the five regular polyhedrons,
   bounded by twenty equilateral triangules. Five triangules meet to form
   each solid angle of the polyhedron.


   I`co*san"dri*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  icosandrie.]  (Bot.) A
   Linn\'91an  class of plants, having twenty or more stamens inserted in
   the calyx.

                           Icosandrian, Icosandrous

   I`co*san"dri*an  (?),  I`co*san"drous (?), a. (Bot.) Pertaining to the
   class Icosandria; having twenty or more stamens inserted in the calyx.


   I`co*si*tet`ra*he"dron  (?), n. [Gr. (Crystallog.) A twenty-four-sided
   solid; a tetragonal trisoctahedron or trapezohedron.


   -ics  (?).  A  suffix  used  in forming the names of certain sciences,
   systems,   etc.,  as  acoustics,  mathematics,  dynamics,  statistics,
   politics, athletics.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e na mes sc iences en ding in  ics, as mathematics,
     mechanics,  metaphysics,  optics,  etc., are, with respect to their
     form,  nouns  in  the  plural  number. The plural form was probably
     introduced  to mark the complex nature of such sciences; and it may
     have  been  in  imitation  of the use of the Greek plurals ics were
     construed  with  a  verb  or a pronoun in the plural; but it is now
     generally  considered  preferable  to  treat  them  as singular. In
     Greman we have die Mathematik, die Mechanik, etc., and in French la
     metaphysique,  la  optique, etc., corresponding to our mathematics,
     mechanics, metaphysics, optics, etc.

     Mathematics  have for their object the consideration of whatever is
     capable of being numbered or measured. John Davidson.

     The  citations subjoined will serve as examples of the best present

     Ethics  is  the  sciences  of  the laws which govern our actions as
     moral agents. Sir W. Hamilton.

     All  parts  of  knowledge  have  their  origin  in metaphysics, and
     finally, perhaps, revolve into it. De Quincey.

     Mechanics,  like  pure  mathematics,  may be geometrical, or may be
     analytical;  that  is,  it  may  treat  space  either  by  a direct
     consideration of its properties, or by a symbolical representation.

   Page 725


   Ic*ter"ic (?), n. A remedy for the jaundice.

                              Icteric, Icterical

   Ic*ter"ic (?), Ic*ter"ic*al (?), a. [L. ictericus, Gr. ict\'82rique.]

   1. Pertaining to, or affected with, jaundice.

   2. Good against the jaundice. Johnson.

                            Icteritious, Icteritous

   Ic`ter*i"tious  (?), Ic*ter"i*tous (?), a. Yellow; of the color of the
   skin when it is affected by the jaundice.


   Ic"ter*oid  (?),  a. [Gr. -oid.] Of a tint resembling that produced by
   jaundice; yellow; as, an icteroid tint or complexion.


   Ic"te*rus (?), n. [NL. See Icteric, a.] (Med.) The jaundice.


   Ic"tic  (?),  a. [L. ictus blow.] Pertaining to, or caused by, a blow;
   sudden; abrupt. [R.] H. Bushnell.


   Ic"tus (?), n. [L., fr. icere, ictum, to strike.]

   1.  (Pros.) The stress of voice laid upon accented syllable of a word.
   Cf. Arsis.

   2. (Med.) A stroke or blow, as in a sunstroke, the sting of an insect,
   pulsation of an artery, etc.


   I"cy  (?),  a.  [Compar. Icier (?); superl. Iciest.] [AS. \'c6sig. See

   1. Pertaining to, resembling, or abounding in, ice; cold; frosty. "Icy
   chains." Shak. "Icy region." Boyle. "Icy seas." Pope.

   2. Characterized by coldness, as of manner, influence, etc.; chilling;
   frigid; cold.

     Icy   was   the   deportment   with  which  Philip  received  these
     demonstrations of affection. Motley.


   I"cy-pearl`ed (?), a. Spangled with ice.

     Mounting up in icy-pearled car. Milton.


   I'd (?). A contraction from I would or I had.


   Id  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) A small fresh-water cyprinoid fish (Leuciscus
   idus or Idus idus) of Europe. A domesticated variety, colored like the
   goldfish, is called orfe in Germany.


   I*da"li*an  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to Idalium, a mountain city in
   Cyprus,  or  to  Venus, to whom it was sacred. "Idalian Aphrodit\'82."


   Ide (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Id.


   -ide  (?).  (Chem.)  A  suffix used to denote: (a) The nonmetallic, or
   negative,  element  or  radical  in  a  binary  compound;  as,  oxide,
   sulphide,  chloride.  (b)  A  compound  which  is  an  anhydride;  as,
   glycolide,  phthalide.  (c)  Any  one  of a series of derivatives; as,
   indogenide, glucoside, etc.


   I*de"a  (?), n.; pl. Ideas (#). [L. idea, Gr. wit: cf. F. id\'82e. See

   1.  The  transcript,  image,  or  picture of a visible object, that is
   formed  by  the  mind;  also,  a similar image of any object whatever,
   whether sensible or spiritual.

     Her sweet idea wandered through his thoughts. Fairfax.

     Being the right idea of your father Both in your form and nobleness
     of mind. Shak.

     This  representation  or  likeness  of the object being transmitted
     from  thence  [the senses] to the imagination, and lodged there for
     the  view  and  observation  of  the  pure  intellect, is aptly and
     properly called its idea. P. Browne.

   2. A general notion, or a conception formed by generalization.

     Alice had not the slightest idea what latitude was. L. Caroll.

   3.  Hence:  Any  object  apprehended, conceived, or thought of, by the
   mind;  a  notion,  conception,  or  thought;  the  real object that is
   conceived or thought of.

     Whatsoever the mind perceives in itself, or as the immediate object
     of perception, thought, or undersanding, that I call idea. Locke.

   4.  A  belief,  option,  or  doctrine; a characteristic or controlling
   principle; as, an essential idea; the idea of development.

     That  fellow  seems  to  me  to possess but one idea, and that is a
     wrong one. Johnson.

     What  is  now  "idea"  for  us? How infinite the fall of this word,
     since  the  time where Milton sang of the Creator contemplating his
     newly-created  world,  -  "how  it showed . . . Answering his great
     idea," - to its present use, when this person "has an idea that the
     train  has  started,"  and  the  other "had no idea that the dinner
     would be so bad!" Trench.

   5. A plan or purpose of action; intention; design.

     I  shortly  afterwards  set  off  for that capital, with an idea of
     undertaking while there the translation of the work. W. Irving.

   6.  A  rational  conception; the complete conception of an object when
   thought  of  in  all  its  essential  elements  or  constituents;  the
   necessary  metaphysical  or constituent attributes and relations, when
   conceived in the abstract.

   7.  A  fiction  object or picture created by the imagination; the same
   when  proposed as a pattern to be copied, or a standard to be reached;
   one  of the archetypes or patterns of created things, conceived by the
   Platonists  to  have  excited objectively from eternity in the mind of
   the Deity.

     Thence  to  behold  this  new-created  world,  The  addition of his
     empire,  how  it  showed In prospect from his throne, how good, how
     fair, Answering his great idea. Milton.

     NOTE: &hand; "I n England, Locke may be said to have been the first
     who  naturalized  the  term in its Cartesian universality. When, in
     common language, employed by Milton and Dryden, after Descartes, as
     before  him  by  Sidney,  Spenser,  Shakespeare,  Hooker, etc., the
     meaning is Platonic."

   Sir  W.  Hamilton. Abstract idea, Association of ideas, etc. See under
   Abstract,  Association,  etc.  Syn.  --  Notion;  conception; thought;
   sentiment;  fancy;  image;  perception;  impression;  opinion; belief;
   observation;   judgment;   consideration;   view;  design;  intention;
   purpose;  plan; model; pattern. There is scarcely any other word which
   is  subjected  to  such  abusive treatment as is the word idea, in the
   very  general  and indiscriminative way in which it is employed, as it
   is  used  variously  to  signify  almost any act, state, or content of


   I*de"al (?), a. [L. idealis: cf. F. id\'82al.]

   1.  Existing  in  idea or thought; conceptional; intellectual; mental;
   as, ideal knowledge.

   2.  Reaching  an  imaginary  standard  of excellence; fit for a model;
   faultless; as, ideal beauty. Byron.

     There  will  always  be a wide interval between practical and ideal
     excellence. Rambler.

   3. Existing in fancy or imagination only; visionary; unreal. "Planning
   ideal common wealth." Southey.

   4.  Teaching  the  doctrine  of  idealism;  as,  the  ideal  theory or

   5.   (Math.)  Imaginary.  Syn.  --  Intellectual;  mental;  visionary;
   fanciful; imaginary; unreal; impracticable; utopian.


   I*de"al  (?),  n.  A  mental  conception  regarded  as  a  standard of
   perfection; a model of excellence, beauty, etc.

     The  ideal  is  to  be  attained by selecting and assembling in one
     whole  the  beauties  and  perfections  which  are  usually seen in
     different  individuals, excluding everything defective or unseemly,
     so  as  to  form  a  type or model of the species. Thus, the Apollo
     Belvedere  is  the  ideal of the beauty and proportion of the human
     frame. Fleming.

   Beau ideal. See Beau ideal.


   I*de"a*less (?), a. Destitute of an idea.


   I*de"al*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. id\'82alisme.]

   1. The quality or state of being ideal.

   2. Conception of the ideal; imagery.

   3.  (Philos.)  The  system  or  theory  that  denies  the existence of
   material  bodies,  and  teaches  that  we  have no rational grounds to
   believe in the reality of anything but ideas and their relations.


   I*de"al*ist, n. [Cf. F. id\'82aliste.]

   1.  One who idealizes; one who forms picturesque fancies; one given to
   romantic expectations.

   2. One who holds the doctrine of idealism.


   I*de`al*is"tic  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  idealists  or  their


   I`de*al"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Idealities (.

   1. The quality or state of being ideal.

   2. The capacity to form ideals of beauty or perfection.

   3. (Phren.) The conceptive faculty.


   I*de`al*i*za"tion (?), n.

   1. The act or process of idealizing.

   2. (Fine Arts) The representation of natural objects, scenes, etc., in
   such  a way as to show their most important characteristics; the study
   of the ideal.


   I*de"al*ize  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Idealized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Idealizing (?).]

   1.  To  make  ideal;  to  give an ideal form or value to; to attribute
   ideal characteristics and excellences to; as, to idealize real life.

   2. (Fine Arts) To treat in an ideal manner. See Idealization, 2.


   I*de"al*ize, v. i. [Cf. F. id\'82aliser.] To form ideals.


   I*de"al*i`zer (?), n. An idealist.


   I*de"al*ly, adv. In an ideal manner; by means of ideals; mentally.


   I*de`a*log"ic  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  an  idealogue,  or to


   I*de"a*logue  (?),  n.  [Idea  +  -logue,  as  in  theologue:  cf.  F.
   id\'82ologue.]  One given to fanciful ideas or theories; a theorist; a
   spectator. [R.] Mrs. Browning.

                                 Ideat, Ideate

   I*de"at  (?),  I*de"ate (?), n. [LL. ideatum. See Idea.] (Metaph.) The
   actual existence supposed to correspond with an idea; the correlate in
   real existence to the idea as a thought or existence.


   I*de"ate (?), v. t.

   1. To form in idea; to fancy. [R.]

     The  ideated  man . . . as he stood in the intellect of God. Sir T.

   2.  To  apprehend  in  thought  so  as to fix and hold in the mind; to
   memorize. [R.]


   I`de*a"tion  (?),  n.  The faculty or capacity of the mind for forming
   ideas;  the  exercise  of  this capacity; the act of the mind by which
   objects of sense are apprehended and retained as objects of thought.

     The  whole  mass  of  residua which have been accumulated . . . all
     enter now into the process of ideation. J. D. Morell.


   I`de*a"tion*al (?), a. Pertaining to, or characterized by, ideation.

     Certain sensational or ideational stimuli. Blackw. Mag.


   I"dem  (?),  pron.  OR adj. [L.] The same; the same as above; -- often
   abbreviated id.


   I*den"tic (?), a. Identical. [Obs.] Hudibras.


   I*den"tic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. identique. See Identity.]

   1.  The  same;  the  selfsame;  the  very same; not different; as, the
   identical person or thing.

     I  can  not  remember  a  thing that happened a year ago, without a
     conviction . . . that I, the same identical person who now remember
     that event, did then exist. Reid.

   2.  Uttering  sameness  or the same truth; expressing in the predicate
   what is given, or obviously implied, in the subject; tautological.

     When  you  say  body  is  solid,  I  say that you make an identical
     proposition,  because  it  is  impossible  to have the idea of body
     without that of solidity. Fleming.

   Identical equation (Alg.), an equation which is true for all values of
   the algebraic symbols which enter into it.


   I*den"tic*al*ly,   adv.  In  an  identical  manner;  with  respect  to
   identity.   "Identically   the   same."  Bp.  Warburton.  "Identically
   different." Ross.


   I*den"tic*al*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  identical;


   I*den"ti*fi`a*ble (?), a. Capable of being identified.


   I*den`ti*fi*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  identification.]  The  act of
   identifying,  or  proving  to  be  the  same; also, the state of being


   I*den"ti*fy  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Identified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Identifying (?).] [Cf. F. identifier. See Identity, and -fy.]

   1.  To make to be the same; to unite or combine in such a manner as to
   make  one; to treat as being one or having the same purpose or effect;
   to consider as the same in any relation.

     Every  precaution  is taken to identify the interests of the people
     and of the rulers. D. Ramsay.

     Let  us  identify,  let  us  incorporate ourselves with the people.

   2.  To  establish  the  identity  of;  to  prove  to  be the same with
   something  described,  claimed,  or  asserted;  as, to identify stolen


   I*den"ti*fy  (?),  v.  i. To become the same; to coalesce in interest,
   purpose, use, effect, etc. [Obs. or R.]

     An  enlightened  self-interest,  which,  when well understood, they
     tell  us  will  identify with an interest more enlarged and public.


   I*den"tism  (?),  n.  [See Identity.] (Metaph.) The doctrine taught by
   Schelling, that matter and mind, and subject and object, are identical
   in the Absolute; -- called also the system OR doctrine of identity.


   I*den"ti*ty   (?),  n.;  pl.  Identities  (#).  [F.  identit\'82,  LL.
   identitas,  fr.  L.  idem  the same, from the root of is he, that; cf.
   Skr. idam this. Cf. Item.]

   1. The state or quality of being identical, or the same; sameness.

     Identity  is  a  relation  between  our  cognitions of a thing, not
     between things themselves. Sir W. Hamilton.

   2.  The  condition  of  being  the  same  with  something described or
   asserted,  or  of possessing a character claimed; as, to establish the
   identity of stolen goods.

   3. (Math.) An identical equation.


   I"de*o- (?). A combining form from the Gr. idea.


   I`de*o*gen"ic*al (?), a. Of or relating to ideology.


   I`de*og"e*ny  (?),  n.  [Ideo-  +  -geny,  from  the  same root as Gr.
   id\'82og\'82nie.] The science which treats of the origin of ideas.


   I*de"o*gram (?), n. [Ideo- + -gram; cf. F. id\'82ograme.]

   1.  An  original,  pictorial  element of writing; a kind of hieroglyph
   expressing no sound, but only an idea.

     Ideograms  may  be  defined  to  be  pictures intended to represent
     either things or thoughts. I. Taylor (The Alphabet).

     You  might  even have a history without language written or spoken,
     by means of ideograms and gesture. J. Peile.

   2. A symbol used for convenience, or for abbreviation; as, 1, 2, 3, +,

   3. A phonetic symbol; a letter.


   I*de"o*graph (?), n. Same as Ideogram.

                          Ideographic, Ideographical

   I`de*o*graph"ic    (?),    I`de*o*graph"ic*al    (?),   a.   [Cf.   F.
   id\'82ographique.] Of or pertaining to an ideogram; representing ideas
   by  symbols,  independently  of  sounds; as, 9 represents not the word
   "nine,"  but  the idea of the number itself. -- I`de*o*graph"ic*al*ly,


   I`de*o*graph"ics   (?),  n.  The  system  of  writing  in  ideographic
   characters; also, anything so written.


   I`de*og"ra*phy  (?),  n.  The representation of ideas independently of
   sounds, or in an ideographic manner, as sometimes is done in shorthand
   writing, etc.


   I`de*o*log"ic*al  (?), a. [Cf. F. id\'82ologique.] Of or pertaining to


   I`de*ol"o*gist  (?),  n. One who treats of ideas; one who theorizes or
   idealizes;  one  versed  in the science of ideas, or who advocates the
   doctrines of ideology. <-- idealogue n. one who adheres to an ideology


   I`de*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Ideo- + -logy: cf. F. id\'82ologie.]

   1. The science of ideas. Stewart.

   2.  (Metaph.)  A  theory  of  the  origin  of ideas which derives them
   exclusively from sensation.

     NOTE: &hand; By   a   do uble bl under in  ph ilosophy an d Gr eek,
     id\'82ologie  .  .  .  has  in  France  become  the name peculiarly
     distinctive  of  that  philosophy of mind which exclusively derives
     our knowledge from sensation.

   Sir   W.   Hamilton.   <--   a  set  of  theories  and  beliefs  about
   sociopolitical goals and methods to attain them; in common usage, such
   a  set of beliefs so strongly held by their adherents as to cause them
   to  ignore  evidence against such beliefs, and thus fall into error --
   hence  a  negative  trait; contrasted to pragmatism, and distinct from
   idealism -->


   I`de*o-mo"tion (?), n. (Physiol.) An ideo-motor movement.


   I`de*o-mo"tor  (?),  a.  [Ideo-  + motor.] (Physiol.) Applied to those
   actions,  or  muscular  movements,  which are automatic expressions of
   dominant ideas, rather than the result of distinct volitional efforts,
   as  the act of expressing the thoughts in speech, or in writing, while
   the mind is occupied in the composition of the sentence. Carpenter.


   Ides  (?),  n.  pl.  [L.  idus: cf. F. ides.] (Anc. Rom. Calendar) The
   fifteenth day of March, May, July, and October, and the thirteenth day
   of the other months.

     The ides of March remember. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Ei ght days in each month often pass by this name, but
     only one strictly receives it, the others being called respectively
     the  day  before the ides, and so on, backward, to the eightth from
     the ides.


   Id"i*o-  (?).  A  combining  form  from  the  Greek private, personal,
   peculiar, distinct.


   Id"i*o*blast  (?),  n.  [Ideo-  +  -blast.] (Bot.) An individual cell,
   differing greatly from its neighbours in regard to size, structure, or


   Id`i*o*cra"sis (?), n. [NL.] Idiocracy.


   Id`i*oc"ra*cy  (?), n.; pl. Idiocrasies (#). [Idio- + Gr. idiocrasie.]
   Peculiarity   of   constitution;   that   temperament,   or  state  of
   constitution, which is peculiar to a person; idiosyncrasy.

                           Idiocratic, Idiocratical

   Id`i*o*crat"ic (?), Id`i*o*crat"ic*al (?), a. Peculiar in constitution
   or temperament; idiosyncratic.


   Id"i*o*cy  (?),  n.  [From idiot; cf. Gr. Idiot, and cf. Idiotcy.] The
   condition or quality of being an idiot; absence, or marked deficiency,
   of sense and intelligence.

     I  will undertake to convict a man of idiocy, if he can not see the
     proof  that  three  angles  of  a  triangle  are equal to two right
     angles. F. W. Robertson.


   Id`i*o*cy*cloph"a*nous  (?),  a.  [Idio-  +  Gr. (Crystallog.) Same as


   Id`i*o*e*lec"tric    (?),    a.    [Idio-    +    electric:   cf.   F.
   idio\'82lectrique.]  (Physics)  Electric by virtue of its own peculiar
   properties; capable of becoming electrified by friction; -- opposed to
   anelectric. -- n. An idioelectric substance.


   Id"i*o*graph  (?),  n.  [Gr.  A  mark  or  signature  peculiar  to  an
   individual; a trade-mark.

   Page 726

                          Idiographic, Idiographical

   Id`i*o*graph"ic (?), Id`i*o*graph"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to an


   Id`i*ol"a*try   (?),   n.   [Idio-   +   Gr.  Self-worship;  excessive


   Id"i*om (?), n. [F. idiome, L. idioma, fr. Gr. suus, and to E. so.]

   1.  The  syntactical  or structural form peculiar to any language; the
   genius or cast of a language.

     Idiom  may  be  employed  loosely  and figuratively as a synonym of
     language  or  dialect,  but  in  its  proper sense it signifies the
     totality  of  the  general rules of construction which characterize
     the  syntax  of a particular language and distinguish it from other
     tongues. G. P. Marsh.

     By  idiom  is  meant  the  use  of  words  which  is  peculiar to a
     particular language. J. H. Newman.

     He followed their language [the Latin], but did not comply with the
     idiom of ours. Dryden.

   2.  An expression conforming or appropriate to the peculiar structural
   form  of a language; in extend use, an expression sanctioned by usage,
   having  a  sense  peculiar to itself and not agreeing with the logical
   sense  of  its  structural  form; also, the phrase forms peculiar to a
   particular author.

     Some  that with care true eloquence shall teach, And to just idioms
     fix our doubtful speech. Prior.

     Sometimes  we  identify  the  words  with  the  object -- though be
     courtesy  of  idiom  rather  than  in strict propriety of language.

     Every good writer has much idiom. Landor.

     It  is  not by means of rules that such idioms as the following are
     made  current:  "I  can make nothing of it." "He treats his subject
     home." Dryden. "It is that within us that makes for righteousness."
     M.Arnold. Gostwick (Eng. Gram. )

   3.  Dialect;  a variant form of a language. Syn. -- Dialect. -- Idiom,
   Dialect.  The  idioms  of a language belong to its very structure; its
   dialects  are  varieties  of expression ingrafted upon it in different
   localities  or  by  different  professions. Each county of England has
   some  peculiarities  of  dialect, and so have most of the professions,
   while  the  great  idioms of the language are everywhere the same. See

                            Idiomatic, Idiomatical

   Id`i*o*mat"ic  (?), Id`i*o*mat"ic*al (?), a. [Gr. Of or pertaining to,
   or  conforming  to, the mode of expression peculiar to a language; as,
   an  idiomatic  meaning;  an  idiomatic phrase. -- Id`i*o*mat"ic*al*ly,


   Id`i*o*morph"ic (?), a. Idiomorphous.


   Id`i*o*morph"ous (?), a. [Gr.

   1. Having a form of its own.

   2.  (Crystallog.)  Apperaing  in  distinct  crystals;  --  said of the
   mineral constituents of a rock.


   Id`i*o*mus"cu*lar  (?), a. [Idio- + muscular.] (Physiol.) Applied to a
   semipermanent  contraction  of  a  muscle,  produced  by  a mechanical


   Id`i*o*pa*thet"ic (?), a. Idiopathic. [R.]

                           Idiopathic, Idiopathical

   Id`i*o*path"ic  (?),  Id`i*o*path"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. idiopathique.]
   (Med.)  Pertaining  to  idiopathy;  characterizing  a  disease arising
   primarily,  and not in consequence of some other disease or injury; --
   opposed    to    symptomatic,    sympathetic,    and   traumatic.   --
   Id`i*o*path"ic*al*ly, adv.


   Id`i*op"a*thy (?), n.; pl. Idiopathies (#). [Gr. idiopathie.]

   1. A peculiar, or individual, characteristic or affection.

     All men are so full of their own fancies and idiopathies, that they
     scarce  have the civility to interchange any words with a stranger.
     Dr. H. More.

   2.  (Med.)  A  morbid state or condition not preceded or occasioned by
   any other disease; a primary disease.


   Id`i*oph"a*nous (?), a. [Idio- + (Crystallog.) Exhibiting interference
   figures without the aid of a polariscope, as certain crystals.


   Id"i*o*plasm (?), n. (Biol.) Same as Idioplasma.


   Id`i*o*plas"ma  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Biol.) That portion of the cell
   protoplasm  which is the seat of all active changes, and which carries
   on  the function of hereditary transmission; -- distinguished from the
   other  portion,  which is termed nutritive plasma. See Hygroplasm. <--
   any modern equivalent? The chromosome/ Genome? -->


   Id`i*o*re*pul"sive  (?),  a. [Idio- + repulsive.] Repulsive by itself;
   as, the idiorepulsive power of heat.


   Id`i*o*syn"cra*sy (?), n.; pl. Idiosyncrasies (#). [Gr. idiosyncrasie.
   See   Idiom,   and  Crasis.]  A  peculiarity  of  physical  or  mental
   constitution  or  temperament;  a  characteristic  belonging  to,  and
   distinguishing,    an   individual;   characteristic   susceptibility;
   idiocrasy; eccentricity.

     The individual mind . . . takes its tone from the idiosyncrasies of
     the body. I. Taylor.

                        Idiosyncratic, Idiosyncratical

   Id`i*o*syn*crat"ic  (?),  Id`i*o*syn*crat"ic*al  (?),  a.  Of peculiar
   temper  or  disposition;  belonging  to  one's peculiar and individual


   Id"i*ot  (?),  n.  [F.  idiot,  L.  idiota  an  uneducated,  ignorant,
   ill-informed person, Gr. Idiom.]

   1.  A  man  in  private  station,  as distinguished from one holding a
   public office. [Obs.]

     St.  Austin  affirmed  that  the  plain  places  of  Scripture  are
     sufficient  to  all  laics, and all idiots or private persons. Jer.

   2. An unlearned, ignorant, or simple person, as distinguished from the
   educated; an ignoramus. [Obs.]

     Christ  was  received  of  idiots, of the vulgar people, and of the
     simpler  sort, while he was rejected, despised, and persecuted even
     to  death  by  the  high  priests,  lawyers,  scribes, doctors, and
     rabbis. C. Blount.

   3.  A  human  being  destitute  of  the  ordinary intellectual powers,
   whether  congenital,  developmental, or accidental; commonly, a person
   without  understanding  from  birth;  a  natural  fool;  a natural; an

     Life  .  .  .  is  a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
     Signifying nothing. Shak.

   4. A fool; a simpleton; -- a term of reproach.

     Weenest thou make an idiot of our dame? Chaucer.


   Id"i*ot*cy (?), n. [Cf. Idiocy.] Idiocy. [R.]


   Id"i*ot*ed (?), a. Rendered idiotic; befooled. [R.] Tennyson.


   Id`i*o*ther"mic  (?),  a.  [Idio- + thermic.] Self-heating; warmed, as
   the body of animal, by process going on within itself.

                              Idiotic, Idiotical

   Id`i*ot"ic  (?),  Id`i*ot"ic*al  (?),  a.  [L. idioticus ignorant, Gr.
   idiotique. See Idiot.]

   1. Common; simple. [Obs.] Blackwall.

   2. Pertaining to, or like, an idiot; characterized by idiocy; foolish;
   fatuous; as, an idiotic person, speech, laugh, or action.


   Id`i*ot"ic*al*ly, adv. In a idiotic manner.


   Id`i*ot"i*con (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. Idiot.] A dictionary of a peculiar
   dialect,  or  of  the  words  and  phrases  peculiar  to one part of a
   country; a glossary.


   Id"i*ot*ish (?), a. Like an idiot; foolish.


   Id"i*ot*ism (?), n. [F. idiotisme, L. idiotismus the way of fashion of
   a private person, the common or vulgar manner of speaking, Gr. Idiot.]

   1. An idiom; a form, mode of expression, or signification, peculiar to
   a language.

     Scholars  sometimes  give  terminations  and idiotisms, suitable to
     their native language, unto words newly invented. M. Hale.

   2. Lack of knowledge or mental capacity; idiocy; foolishness.

     Worse than mere ignorance or idiotism. Shaftesbury.

     The running that adventure is the greatist idiotism. Hammond.


   Id"i*ot*ize (?), v. i. To become stupid. [R.]


   Id"i*ot*ry (?), n. Idiocy. [R.] Bp. Warburton.


   I"dle  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Idler  (?); superl. Idlest.] [OE. idel, AS.
   \'c6del  vain,  empty,  useless;  akin  to OS. \'c6dal, D. ijdel, OHG.
   \'c6tal  vain,  empty, mere, G. eitel, Dan. & Sw. idel mere, pure, and
   prob. to Gr. Ether.]

   1.  Of no account; useless; vain; trifling; unprofitable; thoughtless;
   silly; barren. "Deserts idle." Shak.

     Every  idle  word  that  men  shall  speak, they shall give account
     thereof in the day of judgment. Matt. xii. 36.

     Down their idle weapons dropped. Milton.

     This idle story became important. Macaulay.

   2.  Not  called  into  active  service; not turned to appropriate use;
   unemployed; as, idle hours.

     The idle spear and shield were high uphing. Milton.

   3.  Not  employed;  unoccupied with business; inactive; doing nothing;
   as, idle workmen.

     Why stand ye here all the day idle? Matt. xx. 6.

   4. Given rest and ease; averse to labor or employment; lazy; slothful;
   as, an idle fellow.

   5. Light-headed; foolish. [Obs.] Ford.
   Idle  pulley (Mach.), a pulley that rests upon a belt to tighten it; a
   pulley  that  only guides a belt and is not used to transmit power. --
   Idle  wheel  (Mach.),  a  gear  wheel  placed  between  two others, to
   transfer  motion  from one to the other without changing the direction
   of  revolution. -- In idle, in vain. [Obs.] "God saith, thou shalt not
   take  the  name of thy Lord God in idle." Chaucer. Syn. -- Unoccupied;
   unemployed;  vacant;  inactive; indolent; sluggish; slothful; useless;
   ineffectual;   futile;   frivolous;   vain;   trifling;  unprofitable;
   unimportant.  --  Idle,  Indolent,  Lazy.  A propensity to inaction is
   expressed  by each of these words; they differ in the cause and degree
   of  this  characteristic. Indolent denotes an habitual love to ease, a
   settled  dislike  of  movement or effort; idle is opposed to busy, and
   denotes  a dislike of continuous exertion. Lazy is a stronger and more
   contemptuous term than indolent.
   I"dle,  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Idled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Idling (?).] To
   lose or spend time in inaction, or without being employed in business.


   I"dle,  v.  t.  To  spend  in idleness; to waste; to consume; -- often
   followed by away; as, to idle away an hour a day.


   I"dle-head`ed (?), a.

   1. Foolish; stupid. [Obs.] "The superstitious idle-headed eld." Shak.

   2. Delirious; infatuated. [Obs.] L'Estrange.


   I"dle*ness,  n.  [AS.  \'c6delnes.]  The condition or quality of being
   idle (in the various senses of that word); uselessness; fruitlessness;
   triviality;   inactivity;   laziness.  Syn.  --  Inaction;  indolence;
   sluggishness; sloth.


   I"dle-pat`ed (?), a. Idle-headed; stupid. [Obs.]


   I"dler (?), n.

   1.  One who idles; one who spends his time in inaction; a lazy person;
   a sluggard.

   2. (Naut.) One who has constant day duties on board ship, and keeps no
   regular watch. Totten.

   3. (Mach.) An idle wheel or pulley. See under Idle.

                                Idless, Idlesse

   I"dless, I"dlesse (?), n. Idleness. [Archaic] "In ydlesse." Spenser.

     And  an  idlesse  all  the  day  Beside  a  wandering  stream. Mrs.


   I"dly  (?),  adv.  In  a  idle  manner; ineffectually; vainly; lazily;
   carelessly; (Obs.) foolishly.


   Id"o*crase (?), n. [Gr. idocrase.] (Min.) Same as Vesuvianite.


   I"dol  (?),  n.  [OE. idole, F. idole, L. idolum, fr. Gr. Wit, and cf.

   1. An image or representation of anything. [Obs.]

     Do  her  adore  with  sacred  reverence, As th' idol of her maker's
     great magnificence. Spenser.

   2.  An  image  of a divinity; a representation or symbol of a deity or
   any  other  being  or  thing,  made or used as an object of worship; a
   similitude of a false god.

     That  they  should  not worship devils, and idols of gold. Rev. ix.

   3.  That on which the affections are strongly (often excessively) set;
   an  object  of passionate devotion; a person or thing greatly loved or

     The soldier's god and people's idol. Denham.

   4. A false notion or conception; a fallacy. Bacon.

     The idols of preconceived opinion. Coleridge.


   I`do*las"tre (?), n. [OE., for idolatre.] An idolater. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   I*dol"a*ter   (?),   n.  [F.  idol\'83tre:  cf.  L.  idololatres,  Gr.

   1.  A  worshiper  of  idols;  one  who  pays  divine honors to images,
   statues,  or  representations  of  anything  made  by  hands;  one who
   worships as a deity that which is not God; a pagan.

   2. An adorer; a great admirer.

     Jonson was an idolater of the ancients. Bp. Hurd.


   I*dol"a*tress (?), n. A female worshiper of idols.


   I`do*lat"ric*al (?), a. [Cf. F. idol\'83trique.] Idolatrous. [Obs.]


   I*dol"a*trize  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Idolatrized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Idolatrizing (?).] To worship idols; to pay idolatrous worship.


   I*dol"a*trize, v. t. To make in idol of; to idolize.


   I*dol"a*trous (?), a.

   1.  Of or pertaining to idolatry; partaking of the nature of idolatry;
   given  to  idolatry  or  the  worship  of  false  gods; as, idolatrous

     [Josiah] put down the idolatrous priests. 2 Kings xxiii. 5.

   2.  Consisting  in,  or  partaking  of,  an  excessive  attachment  or
   reverence; as, an idolatrous veneration for antiquity.


   I*dol"a*trous*ly, adv. In a idolatrous manner.


   I*dol"a*try  (?),  n.;  pl.  Idolatries  (#).  [F.  idol\'83trie,  LL.
   idolatria, L. idololatria, Fr. Gr.

   1.  The  worship  of  idols, images, or anything which is not God; the
   worship of false gods.

     His eye surveyed the dark idolatries Of alienated Judah. Milton.

   2.  Excessive  attachment  or veneration for anything; respect or love
   which borders on adoration. Shak.


   I"dol*ish (?), a. Idolatrous. [Obs.] Milton.


   I"dol*ism (?), n. The worship of idols. [Obs.]


   I"dol*ist, n. A worshiper of idols. [Obs.] Milton.


   I"dol*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Idolized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Idolizing (?).]

   1.  To  make  an idol of; to pay idolatrous worship to; as, to idolize
   the sacred bull in Egypt.

   2.  To  love  to  excess;  to  love  or reverence to adoration; as, to
   idolize gold, children, a hero.


   I"dol*ize, v. i. To practice idolatry. [R.]

     To idolize after the manner of Egypt. Fairbairn.


   I"dol*i`zer  (?),  n.  One  who  idolizes  or  loves  to  the point of
   reverence; an idolater.


   I*dol"o*clast (?), n. [Gr. A breaker of idols; an iconoclast.


   I*dol`o*graph"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Idol  + -graph.] Descriptive of idols.
   [R.] Southey.


   I"dol*ous (?), a. Idolatrous. [Obs.] Bale.


   I*do"ne*ous  (?), a. [L. idoneus.] Appropriate; suitable; proper; fit;
   adequate. [R.]

     An  ecclesiastical  benefice  .  .  .  ought  to be conferred on an
     idoneous person. Ayliffe.


   Id*or"gan   (?),   n.  [Gr.  organ.]  (Biol.)  A  morphological  unit,
   consisting  of  two  or  more  plastids,  which  does  not possess the
   positive  character  of  the  person or stock, in distinction from the
   physiological organ or biorgan. See Morphon.

                             Idrialine, Idrialite

   Id"ri*a*line  (?),  Id"ri*a*lite  (?), n. [Cf. F. idrialine.] (Min.) A
   bituminous  substance  obtained from the mercury mines of Idria, where
   it occurs mixed with cinnabar.


   Id`u*me"an  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to ancient Idumea, or Edom, in
   Western Asia. -- n. An inhabitant of Idumea, an Edomite.


   I"dyl  (?),  n.  [L.  idyllium,  Gr.  idylle. See Idol.] A short poem;
   properly,  a  short  pastoral poem; as, the idyls of Theocritus; also,
   any  poem,  especially  a narrative or descriptive poem, written in an
   eleveted  and  highly  finished style; also, by extension, any artless
   and  easily flowing description, either in poetry or prose, of simple,
   rustic life, of pastoral scenes, and the like. [Written also idyll.]

     Wordsworth's solemn-thoughted idyl. Mrs. Browning.

     His [Goldsmith's] lovely idyl of the Vicar's home. F. Harrison.


   I*dyl"lic (?), a. Of or belonging to idyls.

                                     I. e.

   I. e. Abbreviation of Latin id est, that is.


   If (?), conj. [OE. if, gif, AS. gif; akin to OFries. ief, gef, ef, OS.
   ef,  of,  D.  of,  or,  whether, if, G. ob whether, if, OHG. oba, ibu,
   Icel.  ef, Goth. iba, ibai, an interrogative particle; properly a case
   form  of  a  noun meaning, doubt (cf. OHG. iba doubt, condition, Icel.
   if, ef, ifi, efi), and therefore orig. meaning, on condition that.]

   1. In case that; granting, allowing, or supposing that; -- introducing
   a condition or supposition.

     Tisiphone,  that  oft  hast  heard  my prayer, Assist, if \'d1dipus
     deserve thy care. Pope.

     If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.
     Matt. iv. 3.

   2. Whether; -- in dependent questions.

     Uncertain if by augury or chance. Dryden.

     She doubts if two and two make four. Prior.

   As if, But if. See under As, But.

                                   I' faith

   I' faith" (?). In faith; indeed; truly. Shak.

   Page 727


   I*fere" (?), a. [Corrupted fr. in fere.] Together. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ig`a*su"ric  (?),  a.  [See  Igasurine.]  (Chem.)  Pertaining  to,  or
   obtained from, nux vomica or St. Ignatius's bean; as, igasuric acid.


   Ig`a*su"rine  (?),  n.  [Malay  igasura  the  nux  vomica.] (Chem.) An
   alkaloid  found  in  nux  vomica, and extracted as a white crystalline


   Ig"loo (?), n.

   1. An Eskimo snow house.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  cavity,  or excavation, made in the snow by a seal,
   over its breathing hole in the ice.

                                 Ignatius bean

   Ig*na"tius bean` (?). (Bot.) See Saint Ignatius's bean, under Saint.


   Ig"ne*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  igneus, fr. ignis fire; allied to Skr. agni,
   Lith. ugnis, OSlav. ogne.]

   1.  Pertaining  to,  having  the  nature  of,  fire;  containing fire;
   resembling fire; as, an igneous appearance.

   2.  (Geol.)  Resulting  from,  or produced by, the action of fire; as,
   lavas and basalt are igneous rocks.


   Ig*nes"cent  (?),  a.  [L.  ignescens,  p.pr.  of  ignescere to become
   inflamed,  fr.  ignis fire: cf. F. ignescent.] Emitting sparks of fire
   when struck with steel; scintillating; as, ignescent stones.


   Ig*nic"o*list (?), n. [L. ignis fire + colere to worship.] A worshiper
   of fire. [R.]


   Ig*nif"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  ignifer;  ignis  fire  + ferre to bear.]
   Producing fire. [R.] Blount.


   Ig*nif"lu*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  ignifluus; ignis fire + fluere to flow.]
   Flowing with fire. [Obs.] Cockerman.


   Ig"ni*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Ignified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ignifying  (?).]  [L.  ignis  fire  +  -fy.]  To  form into fire. [R.]


   Ig*nig"e*nous  (?),  a. [L. ignigenus; ignis fire + genere, ginere, to
   beget, produce.] Produced by the action of fire, as lava. [R.]


   Ig*nip"o*tence (?), n. Power over fire. [R.]


   Ig*nip"o*tent  (?),  a. [L. ignipotens; ignis fire + potens powerful.]
   Presiding over fire; also, fiery.

     Vulcan is called the powerful ignipotent. Pope.

                                 Ignis fatuus

   Ig"nis  fat"u*us  (?);  pl.  Ignes  fatui (#). [L. ignis fire + fatuus
   foolish. So called in allusion to its tendency to mislead travelers.]

   1.  A  phosphorescent  light  that  appears, in the night, over marshy
   ground,  supposed  to  be occasioned by the decomposition of animal or
   vegetable  substances, or by some inflammable gas; -- popularly called
   also Will-with-the-wisp, or Will-o'-the-wisp, and Jack-with-a-lantern,
   or  Jack-o'-lantern.<--  thought  to  be  caused  by phosphine, PH3, a
   sponaneously combustible gas. -->

   2. Fig.: A misleading influence; a decoy.

     Scared and guided by the ignis fatuus of popular superstition. Jer.


   Ig*nite"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Ignited (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Igniting.]  [L. ignitus, p.p. of ignire to ignite, fr. ignis fire. See

   1. To kindle or set on fire; as, to ignite paper or wood.

   2. (Chem.) To subject to the action of intense heat; to heat strongly;
   --  often said of incombustible or infusible substances; as, to ignite
   iron or platinum.


   Ig*nite", v. i. To take fire; to begin to burn.


   Ig*nit"i*ble (?), a. Capable of being ignited.


   Ig*ni"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. ignition.]

   1. The act of igniting, kindling, or setting on fire.

   2. The state of being ignited or kindled. Sir T. Browne.


   Ig*nit"or   (?),  n.  One  who,  or  that  which,  produces  ignition;
   especially,  a contrivance for igniting the powder in a torpedo or the
   like. [Written also igniter.]


   Ig*niv"o*mous  (?),  a.  [L.  ignivomus;  ignis fire + vomere 8vomit.]
   Vomiting fire. [R.]


   Ig`no*bil"i*ty   (?),  n.  [L.  ignobilitas:  cf.  F.  ignobilit\'82.]
   Ignobleness. [Obs.] Bale.


   Ig*no"ble (?), a. [L. ignobilis; pref. in- not + nobilis noble: cf. F.
   ignoble. See In- not, and Noble, a.]

   1.  Of  low  birth  or  family;  not noble; not illustrious; plebeian;
   common; humble.

     I was not ignoble of descent. Shak.

     Her royal stock graft with ignoble plants. Shak.

   2. Not honorable, elevated, or generous; base.

     'T  but a base, ignoble mind, That mounts no higher than a bird can
     soar. Shak.

     Far from the madding crowd's ignoble strife. Gray.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) Not a true or noble falcon; -- said of certain hawks, as
   the  goshawk.  Syn. -- Degenerate; degraded; mean; base; dishonorable;
   reproachful; disgraceful; shameful; scandalous; infamous.


   Ig*no"ble, v. t. To make ignoble. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Ig*no"ble*ness, n. State or quality of being ignoble.


   Ig*no"bly, adv. In an ignoble manner; basely.


   Ig`no*min"i*ous (?), a. [L. ignominiosus: cf. F. ignominieux.]

   1.  Marked  with  ignominy;  in curring public disgrace; dishonorable;

     Then first with fear surprised and sense of pain, Fled ignominious.

   2. Deserving ignominy; despicable.

     One single, obscure, ignominious projector. Swift.

   3.  Humiliating;  degrading;  as, an ignominious judgment or sentence.


   Ig`no*min"i*ous*ly,  adv.  In  an  ignominious  manner; disgracefully;
   shamefully; ingloriously.


   Ig"no*min*y (?), n.; pl. Ignominies (#). [L. ignominia ignominy (i.e.,
   a  deprivation  of  one's  good  name);  in-  not + nomen name: cf. F.
   ignominie. See In- not, and Name.]

   1. Public disgrace or dishonor; reproach; infamy.

     Their  generals  have  been received with honor after their defeat;
     yours with ignominy after conquest. Addison.

     Vice begins in mistake, and ends in ignominy. Rambler.

     Ignominy is the infliction of such evil as is made dishonorable, or
     the  deprivation  of  such  good as is made honorable by the Common
     wealth. Hobbes.

   2.  An  act  deserving  disgrace; an infamous act. Syn. -- Opprobrium;
   reproach; dishonor.


   Ig"no*my (?), n. Ignominy. [R. & Obs.]

     I blush to think upon this ignomy. Shak.


   Ig`no*ra"mus (?), n. [L., we are ignorant. See Ignore.]

   1.  (Law)  We  are  ignorant;  we  ignore;  -- being the word formerly
   written  on  a  bill  of indictment by a grand jury when there was not
   sufficient  evidence  to  warrant  them in finding it a true bill. The
   phrase  now used is, "No bill," "No true bill," or "Not found," though
   in  some  jurisdictions "Ignored" is still used. Wharton (Law Dict. ).

   2. (pl. Ignoramuses (.) A stupid, ignorant person; a vain pretender to
   knowledge; a dunce.

     An ignoramus in place and power. South.


   Ig"no*rance (?), n. [F., fr. L. ignorantia.]

   1.  The condition of being ignorant; the want of knowledge in general,
   or  in relation to a particular subject; the state of being uneducated
   or uninformed.

     Ignorance  is the curse of God, Knowledge the wing wherewith we fly
     to heaven. Shak.

   2.  (Theol.)  A  willful neglect or refusal to acquire knowledge which
   one may acquire and it is his duty to have. Book of Common Prayer.
   Invincible  ignorance  (Theol.),  ignorance  beyond  the  individual's
   control and for which, therefore, he is not responsible before God.


   Ig"no*rant  (?), a. [F., fr. L. ignorans, -antis, p.pr. of ignorare to
   be ignorant. See Ignore.]

   1.  Destitute  of  knowledge;  uninstructed  or  uninformed; untaught;

     He  that  doth  not  know  those things which are of use for him to
     know,  is  but  an  ignorant  man,  whatever  he  may know besides.

   2. Unacquainted with; unconscious or unaware; -- used with of.

     Ignorant of guilt, I fear not shame. Dryden.

   3. Unknown; undiscovered. [Obs.]

     Ignorant concealment. Shak.

     Alas, what ignorant sin have I committed? Shak.

   4. Resulting from ignorance; foolish; silly.

     His  shipping, Poor ignorant baubles! -- on our terrible seas, Like
     eggshells moved. Shak.

   Syn.  -- Uninstructed; untaught; unenlightened; uninformed; unlearned;
   unlettered; illiterate. -- Ignorant, Illiterate. Ignorant denotes want
   of  knowledge,  either as to single subject or information in general;
   illiterate refers to an ignorance of letters, or of knowledge acquired
   by  reading  and  study. In the Middle Ages, a great proportion of the
   higher  classes were illiterate, and yet were far from being ignorant,
   especially in regard to war and other active pursuits.

     In  such business Action is eloquence, and the eyes of the ignorant
     More learned than the ears. Shak.

     In  the  first  ages  of Christianity, not only the learned and the
     wise, but the ignorant and illiterate, embraced torments and death.


   Ig"no*rant,  n.  A  person  untaught  or uninformed; one unlettered or
   unskilled; an ignoramous.

     Did I for this take pains to teach Our zealous ignorants to preach?


   Ig"no*rant*ism  (?), n. The spirit of those who extol the advantage to
   ignorance; obscuriantism.


   Ig"no*rant*ist,  n.  One  opposed  to  the  diffusion of knowledge; an


   Ig"no*rant*ly,   adv.   In   a  ignorant  manner;  without  knowledge;

     Whom  therefoer ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you. Acts
     xvii. 23.


   Ig*nore"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Ignored (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ignoring.]  [L.  ignorare; pref. in- not + the root of gnarus knowing,
   noscere to become acquainted with. See Know, and cf. Narrate.]

   1. To be ignorant of or not acquainted with. [Archaic]

     Philosophy   would  solidly  be  established,  if  men  would  more
     carefully  distinguish  those things that they know from those that
     they ignore. Boyle.

   2.  (Law)  To throw out or reject as false or ungrounded; -- said of a
   bill rejected by a grand jury for want of evidence. See Ignoramus.

   3.  Hence:  To  refuse  to take notice of; to shut the eyes to; not to
   recognize;  to  disregard  willfully  and  causelessly;  as, to ignore
   certain facts; to ignore the presence of an objectionable person.

     Ignoring  Italy  under  our feet, And seeing things before, behind.
     Mrs. Browning.


   Ig*nos"ci*ble (?), a. [L. ignoscibilis, fr. ignoscere to pardon, lit.,
   not  to  wish  to know; pref. in- not + gnoscere, noscere, to learn to
   know. See In- not, and Know.] Pardonable. [Obs.] Bailey.


   Ig*note"  (?),  a.  [L. ignotus; pref. in- not + gnotus, notus, known,
   p.p.  of  gnocere,  nocere,  to learn to know.] Unknown. [Obs.] Sir E.
   Sandys. -- n. One who is unknown. Bp. Hacket.


   I*gua"na  (?),  n.  [Sp.  iguana,  from  the native name in Hayti. Cf.
   Guana.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any species of the genus Iguana, a genus of large
   American lizards of the family Iguanid\'91. They are arboreal in their
   habits, usually green in color, and feed chiefly upon fruits.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e common iguana (I. tuberculata) of the West Indies
     and  South America is sometimes five feet long. Its flesh is highly
     prized  as  food. The horned iguana (I. cornuta) has a conical horn
     between the eyes.


   I*gua"ni*an  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Resembling,  or  pertaining to, the


   I*gua"nid (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Iguanoid.


   I*gua"no*don  (?),  n.  [Iguana  +  Gr.  (Paleon.) A genus of gigantic
   herbivorous  dinosaurs  having  a  birdlike pelvis and large hind legs
   with  three-toed feet capable of supporting the entire body. Its teeth
   resemble  those  of  the  iguana, whence its name. Several species are
   known, mostly from the Wealden of England and Europe. See Illustration
   in Appendix.


   I*gua"no*dont  (?),  a.  (Paleon.)  Like  or  pertaining  to the genus


   I*gua"noid  (?),  a.  [Iguana  +  -oid.]  (Zo\'94l.) Pertaining to the


   Ih*lang`-ih*lang"  (?),  n.  [Malayan,  flower  of  flowers.]  A rich,
   powerful,  perfume,  obtained  from the volatile oil of the flowers of
   Canada odorata, an East Indian tree. [Also written ylang-ylang.]


   Ih*ram" (?), n. The peculiar dress worn by pilgrims to Mecca.


   Ik (?), pron. [See I.] I [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e No rthern di alectic form of I, in Early English,
     corresponding to ich of the Southern.


   Il- (?). A form of the prefix in-, not, and in-, among. See In-.


   Ile (?), n. [AS. egl.] Ear of corn. [Obs.] Ainsworth.


   Ile, n. [See Aisle.] An aisle. [Obs.] H. Swinburne.


   Ile, n. [See Isle.] An isle. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Il"e*ac (?), a. [See Ileum.]

   1. (Anat.) Pertaining to the ileum. [Written also iliac.]

   2. See Iliac,

   1. [R.]
   Ileac passion. (Med.) See Ileus.


   Il`e*o*c\'91"cal (?), a. [Ileum + c\'91cal.] (Anat.) Pertaining to the
   ileum and c\'91cum.


   Il`e*o*col"ic  (?),  a. (Anat.) Pertaining to the ileum and colon; as,
   the  ileocolic,  or ileoc\'91cal, valve, a valve where the ileum opens
   into the large intestine.


   Il"e*um (?), n. [L. ile, ileum, ilium, pl. ilia, groin, flank.]

   1.  (Anat.)  The  last, and usually the longest, division of the small
   intestine;  the part between the jejunum and large intestine. [Written
   also ileon, and ilium.]

   2. (Anat.) See Ilium. [R.]

     NOTE: &hand; Mo st modern writers restrict ileum to the division of
     the intestine and ilium to the pelvic bone.


   Il"e*us  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Med.)  A  morbid condition due to
   intestinal  obstruction. It is characterized by complete constipation,
   with  griping pains in the abdomen, which is greatly distended, and in
   the  later  stages  by vomiting of fecal matter. Called also ileac, OR
   iliac, passion.


   I"lex  (?), n. [L., holm oak.] (Bot.) (a) The holm oak (Quercus Ilex).
   (b) A genus of evergreen trees and shrubs, including the common holly.


   Il"i*ac  (?), a. [L. Iliacus, Gr. Iliad.] Pertaining to ancient Ilium,
   or Troy. Gladstone.


   Il"i*ac, a. [Cf. F. iliaque. See Ileum, and cf. Jade a stone.]

   1.  (Anat.)  Pertaining  to, or in the region of, the ilium, or dorsal
   bone of the pelvis; as, the iliac artery. [Written also ileac.]

   2. See Ileac, 1. [R.]
   Iliac  crest,  the  upper  margin  of the ilium. -- Iliac passion. See
   Ileus. -- Iliac region, a region of the abdomen, on either side of the
   hypogastric regions, and below the lumbar regions.


   I*li"a*cal (?), a. Iliac. [R.]


   l"i*ad  (?), n. [L. Ilias, -adis, Gr. A celebrated Greek epic poem, in
   twenty-four  books, on the destruction of Ilium, the ancient Troy. The
   Iliad is ascribed to Homer.


   Il"i*al (?), a. (Anat.) Pertaining to the ilium; iliac.


   I*liche"  (?),  adv. [OE., fr. AS. gel\'c6c. Cf. Alike.] Alike. [Obs.]


   I*lic"ic  (?),  a.  [L.  ilex,  ilicis,  holm  oak.] Pertaining to, or
   derived from, the holly (Ilex), and allied plants; as, ilicic acid.


   Il"i*cin (?), n. (Chem.) The bitter principle of the holly.


   Il"i*o-  (?). [From Ilium.] A combining form used in anatomy to denote
   connection   with,  or  relation  to,  the  ilium;  as,  ilio-femoral,
   ilio-lumbar, ilio-psoas, etc.


   Il`i*o*fem"o*ral  (?),  a.  (Anat.) Pertaining to the ilium and femur;
   as, iliofemoral ligaments.


   Il`i*o*lum"bar  (?),  a.  (Anat.)  Pertaining  to the iliac and lumbar
   regions; as, the iliolumbar artery.


   Il`i*o*pso"as  (?),  n.  (Anat.)  The  great  flexor muscle of the hip
   joint,  divisible  into two parts, the iliac and great psoas, -- often
   regarded as distinct muscles.


   Il"i*um  (?),  n.  [See  Ileum.]  (Anat.)  The dorsal one of the three
   principal  bones  comprising  either  lateral  half of the pelvis; the
   dorsal  or  upper  part  of  the  hip bone. See Innominate bone, under
   Innominate. [Written also ilion, and ileum.]


   Il`ix*an"thin  (?),  n.  [Ilex  the  genus  including  the holly + Gr.
   (Chem.) A yellow dye obtained from the leaves of the holly.


   Ilk  (?), a. [Scot. ilk, OE. ilke the same, AS. ilca. Cf. Each.] Same;
   each;  every. [Archaic] Spenser. Of that ilk, denoting that a person's
   surname  and  the  title of his estate are the same; as, Grant of that
   ilk, i.e., Grant of Grant. Jamieson.
   Il"ke (?), a. [See Ilk.] Same. [Obs.] Chaucer.
                                 Ilkon, Ilkoon
   Il*kon",  Il*koon" (?), pron. [See Ilk, and One.] Each one; every one.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.
   Ill  (?),  a.  [The  regular  comparative and superlative are wanting,
   their  places  being  supplied  by  worse  ( and worst (, from another
   root.]  [OE. ill, ille, Icel. illr; akin to Sw. illa, adv., Dan. ilde,
   1.  Contrary  to  good,  in  a  physical sense; contrary or opposed to
   advantage,  happiness,  etc.;  bad;  evil;  unfortunate; disagreeable;
     Neither  is  it ill air only that maketh an ill seat, but ill ways,
     ill markets, and ill neighbors. Bacon.
     There 's some ill planet reigns. Shak.

   2.   Contrary  to  good,  in  a  moral  sense;  evil;  wicked;  wrong;
   iniquitious; naughtly; bad; improper.

     Of his own body he was ill, and gave The clergy ill example. Shak.

   3. Sick; indisposed; unwell; diseased; disordered; as, ill of a fever.

     I am in health, I breathe, and see thee ill. Shak.

   4.  Not  according  with rule, fitness, or propriety; incorrect; rude;
   unpolished; inelegant.

     That 's an ill phrase. Shak.

   Ill  at ease, uneasy; uncomfortable; anxious. "I am very ill at ease."
   Shak.  -- Ill blood, enmity; resentment. -- Ill breeding, want of good
   breeding; rudeness. -- Ill fame, ill or bad repute; as, a house of ill
   fame,  a house where lewd persons meet for illicit intercourse. -- Ill
   humor, a disagreeable mood; bad temper. -- Ill nature, bad disposition
   or  temperament;  sullenness; esp., a disposition to cause unhappiness
   to  others.  -- Ill temper, anger; moroseness; crossness. -- Ill turn.
   (a)  An  unkind act. (b) A slight attack of illness. [Colloq. U.S.] --
   Ill  will,  unkindness; enmity; malevolence. Syn. -- Bad; evil; wrong;
   wicked; sick; unwell.

   Page 728


   Ill (?), n.

   1.  Whatever annoys or impairs happiness, or prevents success; evil of
   any  kind;  misfortune;  calamity;  disease;  pain;  as,  the  ills of

     Who  can all sense of others' ills escape Is but a brute at best in
     human shape. Tate.

     That  makes  us  rather  bear those ills we have Than fly to others
     that we know not of. Shak.

   2.  Whatever  is  contrary  to  good,  in  a  moral sense; wickedness;
   depravity; iniquity; wrong; evil.

     Strong  virtue, like strong nature, struggles still, Exerts itself,
     and then throws off the ill. Dryden.


   Ill, adv. In a ill manner; badly; weakly.

     How ill this taper burns! Shak.

     Ill  fares  the  land,  to  hastening  ills  a  prey,  Where wealth
     accumulates and men decay. Goldsmith.

     NOTE: &hand; Il l, li ke ab ove, we ll, and so, is used before many
     participal  adjectives,  in  its usual adverbal sense. When the two
     words  are used as an epithet preceding the noun qualified they are
     commonly  hyphened;  in  other cases they are written separatively;
     as,  an  ill-educated man; he was ill educated; an ill-formed plan;
     the  plan,  however  ill  formed,  was  acceptable.  Ao,  also, the
     following:  ill-affected  or  ill  affected,  ill-arranged  or  ill
     arranged,  ill-assorted  or ill assorted, ill-boding or ill boding,
     ill-bred    or    ill    bred,    ill-conditioned,   ill-conducted,
     ill-considered,  ill-devised, ill-disposed, ill-doing, ill-fairing,
     ill-fated,   ill-favored,   ill-featured,  ill-formed,  ill-gotten,
     ill-imagined,  ill-judged,  ill-looking, ill-mannered, ill-matched,
     ill-meaning, ill-minded, ill-natured, ill-omened, ill-proportioned,
     ill-provided,  ill-required, ill-sorted, ill-starred, ill-tempered,
     ill-timed, ill-trained, ill-used, and the like.

                                     I' ll

   I' ll (?). Contraction for I will or I shall.

     I'll by a sign give notice to our friends. Shak.


   Il*lab"ile (?), a. Incapable of falling or erring; infalliable. [Obs.]
   -- Il`la*bil"i*ty (#), n. [Obs.]


   Il*lac"er*a*ble  (?), a. [L. illacerabilis: cf. F. illac\'82rable. See
   In-  not,  and  Lacerable.]  Not lacerable; incapable of being torn or
   rent. [Obs.]


   Il*lac"ry*ma*ble   (?),   a.  [L.  illacrimabilis;  pref.  il-  not  +
   lacrimabilis worthy of tears.] Incapable of weeping. [Obs.] Bailey.


   Il*laps"a*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  il-  not  +  lapsable.]  Incapable of
   slipping, or of error. [R.]

     Morally immutable and illapsable. Glanvill.


   Il*lapse"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Illapsed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Illapsing.] [L. illapsus, p.p. of illabi; pref. il- in + labi to fall,
   slide.]  To  fall  or  glide;  to  pass;  -- usually followed by into.


   Il*lapse",  n.  [L.  illapsus.  See  Illapse,  v. i.] A gliding in; an
   immisson or entrance of one thing into another; also, a sudden descent
   or attack. Akenside.

     They  sit  silent  .  .  .  waiting  for  an illapse of the spirit.


   Il*la"que*a*ble  (?),  a. Capable of being insnared or entrapped. [R.]


   Il*la"que*ate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illaqueated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Illaqueating.] [L. illaqueatus, p.p. of illaqueare; pref. il- in +
   laqueare  to  insnare,  fr.  laqueus,  noose,  snare.]  To insnare; to
   entrap; to entangle; to catch.

     Let  not  the  surpassing  eloquence  of Taylor dazzle you, nor his
     scholastic retairy versatility of logic illaqueate your good sense.


   Il*la`que*a"tion (?), n.

   1. The act of catching or insnaring. [R.] Sir T. Browne.

   2. A snare; a trap. Johnson.


   Il*la"tion  (?),  n. [L. illatio, fr. illatus, used as p.p. of inferre
   to  carry or bring in, but from a different root: cf. F. illation. See
   1st In-, and Tolerate, and cf. Infer.] The act or process of inferring
   from  premises or reasons; perception of the connection between ideas;
   that which is inferred; inference; deduction; conclusion.

     Fraudulent  deductions  or  inconsequent  illations  from  a  false
     conception of things. Sir T. Browne.


   Il"la*tive  (?),  a.  [L.  illativus:  cf.  F.  illatif.] Relating to,
   dependent  on,  or denoting, illation; inferential; conclusive; as, an
   illative  consequence  or  proposition;  an  illative  word,  as then,
   therefore,  etc.  Illative  conversion  (Logic), a converse or reverse
   statement of a proposition which in that form must be true because the
   original proposition is true. -- Illative sense (Metaph.), the faculty
   of  the mind by which it apprehends the conditions and determines upon
   the correctness of inferences.


   Il"la*tive, n. An illative particle, as for, because.


   Il"la*tive*ly,  adv.  By  inference;  as  an  illative; in an illative


   Il*laud"a*ble  (?),  a.  [L. illaudabilis. See In- not, and Laudable.]
   Not  laudable; not praise-worthy; worthy of censure or disapprobation.
   Milton. -- Il*laud"a*bly, adv. [Obs.] Broome.


   Ill`-bod"ing   (?),   a.   Boding   evil;   inauspicious;  ill-omened.
   "Ill-boding stars." Shak.


   Ill"-bred`  (?),  a.  Badly educated or brought up; impolite; incivil;
   rude. See Note under Ill, adv.


   Il*lec`e*bra"tion  (?),  n.  [See  Illecebrous.]  Allurement.  [R.] T.


   Il*lec"e*brous (?), a. [L. illecebrosus, fr. illecebra allurement, fr.
   illicere  to  allure.]  Alluring;  attractive; enticing. [Obs.] Sir T.


   Il*le"gal  (?),  a.  [Pref.  il-  not + legal: cf. F. ill\'82gal.] Not
   according  to,  or  authorized  by,  law;  specif., contrary to, or in
   violation  of,  human  law;  unlawful; illicit; hence, immoral; as, an
   illegal act; illegal trade; illegal love. Bp. Burnet.


   Il`le*gal"i*ty    (?),    n.;    pl.   Illegalities   (#).   [Cf.   F.
   ill\'82galit\'82.]   The   quality  or  condition  of  being  illegal;
   unlawfulness; as, the illegality of trespass or of false imprisonment;
   also, an illegal act.


   Il*le"gal*ize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illegalized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Illegalizing (?).] To make or declare illegal or unlawful.


   Il*le"gal*ly, adv. In a illegal manner; unlawfully.


   Il*le"gal*ness, n. Illegality, unlawfulness.


   Il*leg`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. The state or quality of being illegible.


   Il*leg"i*ble  (?),  a.  Incapable  of  being  read;  not  legible; as,
   illegible handwriting; an illegible inscription. -- Il*leg"i*ble*ness,
   n. -- Il*leg"i*bly, adv.


   Il`le*git"i*ma*cy (?), n. The state of being illegitimate. Blackstone.


   Il`le*git"i*mate (?), a.

   1.  Not  according  to  law;  not  regular  or  authorized;  unlawful;

   2.   Unlawfully  begotten;  born  out  of  wedlock;  bastard;  as,  an
   illegitimate child.

   3.   Not   legitimately   deduced   or  inferred;  illogical;  as,  an
   illegitimate inference.

   4.  Not  authorized  by  good  usage;  not  genuine;  spurious; as, an
   illegitimate word.
   Illegitimate   fertilization,   OR   Illegitimate  union  (Bot.),  the
   fertilization  of  pistils  by  stamens  not  of  their own length, in
   heterogonously dimorphic and trimorphic flowers. Darwin.


   Il`le*git"i*mate  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illegitimated (?); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Illegitimating.] To render illegitimate; to declare or prove to
   be born out of wedlock; to bastardize; to illegitimatize.

     The  marriage  should  only  be  dissolved  for the future, without
     illegitimating the issue. Bp. Burnet.


   Il`le*git"i*mate*ly (?), adv. In a illegitimate manner; unlawfully.


   Il`le*git`i*ma"tion (?), n.

   1. The act of illegitimating; bastardizing.

   2. The state of being illegitimate; illegitimacy. [Obs.]

     Gardiner  had  performed  his  promise  to the queen of getting her
     illegitimation taken off. Bp. Burnet.


   Il`le*git"i*ma*tize (?), v. t. To render illegitimate; to bastardize.


   Il*le"sive  (?),  a.  [Pref. il- not + L. laedere, laesum, to injure.]
   Not injurious; harmless. [R.]


   Il*lev"i*a*ble  (?),  a.  Not leviable; incapable of being imposed, or
   collected. [R.] Sir M. Hale.


   Ill`-fa"vored  (?),  a.  Wanting  beauty  or attractiveness; deformed;
   ugly; ill-looking.

     Ill-favored and lean-fleshed. Gen. xli. 3.

   -- Ill`-fa"vored*ly, adv. -- Ill`-fa"vored*ness, n.


   Il*lib"er*al  (?),  a.  [L.  illiberalis;  pref.  il-  not + liberalis
   liberal: cf. F. illib\'82ral.]

   1.  Not liberal; not free or generous; close; niggardly; mean; sordid.
   "A thrifty and illiberal hand." Mason.

   2.  Indicating  a  lack  of  breeding, culture, and the like; ignoble;
   rude; narrow-minded; disingenuous.

   3.  Not well authorized or elegant; as, illiberal words in Latin. [R.]


   Il*lib"er*al*ism (?), n. Illiberality. [R.]


   Il*lib`er*al"i*ty     (?),    n.    [L.    illiberalitas:    cf.    F.
   illib\'82ralit\'82.]   The   state  or  quality  of  being  illiberal;
   narrowness of mind; meanness; niggardliness. Bacon.


   Il*lib"er*al*ize  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illiberalized (?); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Illiberalizing (?).] To make illiberal.


   Il*lib"er*al*ly,   adv.   In   a   illiberal   manner,   ungenerously;
   uncharitably; parsimoniously.


   Il*lib"er*al*ness, n. The state of being illiberal; illiberality.


   Il*lic"it  (?),  a.  [L.  illicitus;  pref. il- not + licitus, p.p. of
   licere  to  be allowed or permitted: cf. F. illicite. See In- not, and
   License.]  Not permitted or allowed; prohibited; unlawful; as, illicit
   trade; illicit intercourse; illicit pleasure.

     One illicit . . . transaction always leads to another. Burke.

   -- Il*lic"it*ly, adv. -- Il*lic"it*ness, n.


   Il*lic"it*ous (?), a. Illicit. [R.] Cotgrave.


   Il*li"ci*um  (?),  n.  [So  called,  in allusion to its aroma, from L.
   illicium  an  allurement.]  (Bot.)  A  genus  of  Asiatic and American
   magnoliaceous  trees,  having star-shaped fruit; star anise. The fruit
   of  Illicium  anisatum  is  used  as  a spice in India, and its oil is
   largely  used in Europe for flavoring cordials, being almost identical
   with true oil of anise.


   Il*light"en (?), v. t. To enlighten. [Obs.]


   Il*lim"it*a*ble   (?),   a.   [Pref.  il-  not  +  limitable:  cf.  F.
   illimitable.]  Incapable  of  being  limited or bounded; immeasurable;
   limitless; boundless; as, illimitable space.

     The  wild,  the irregular, the illimitable, and the luxuriant, have
     their appropriate force of beauty. De Quincey.

   Syn.  --  Boundless;  limitless;  unlimited;  unbounded; immeasurable;
   infinite;    immense;    vast.    --   Il*lim"it*a*ble*ness,   n.   --
   Il*lim"it*a*bly, adv.


   Il*lim`it*a"tion   (?),  n.  [Pref.  il-  not  +  limitation:  cf.  F.
   illimitation.]  State  of being illimitable; want of, or freedom from,
   limitation. Bp. Hall.


   Il*lim"it*ed   (?),   a.  Not  limited;  interminable.  Bp.  Hall.  --
   Il*lim"it*ed*ness, n.

     The  absoluteness and illimitedness of his commission was generally
     much spoken of. Clarendon.


   Il`li*ni"tion  (?),  n.  [L. illinire, illinere, to besmear; pref. il-
   in, on + linire, linere, to smear.]

   1.  A  smearing  or  rubbing  in or on; also, that which is smeared or
   rubbed on, as ointment or liniment.

   2. A thin crust of some extraneous substance formed on minerals. [R.]

     A thin crust or illinition of black manganese. Kirwan.


   Il`li*nois"  (?),  n.sing.  &  pl. (Ethnol.) A tribe of North American
   Indians,  which  formerly  occupied  the region between the Wabash and
   Mississippi rivers.


   Il`li*qua"tion  (?),  n.  [Pref.  il-  in  +  L. liquare to melt.] The
   melting or dissolving of one thing into another.


   Ill"ish (?), a. Somewhat ill. [Obs.] Howell.


   Il*li"sion  (?),  n.  [L.  illisio,  fr.  illidere, illisum, to strike
   against;  pref.  il-  in  +  laedere to strike.] The act of dashing or
   striking against. Sir T. Browne.


   Il*lit"er*a*cy (?), n.; pl. Illiteracies (#). [From Illiterate.]

   1.  The state of being illiterate, or uneducated; want of learning, or
   knowledge;  ignorance;  specifically, inability to read and write; as,
   the illiteracy shown by the last census.

   2. An instance of ignorance; a literary blunder.

     The  many  blunders and illiteracies of the first publishers of his
     [Shakespeare's] works. Pope.


   Il*lit"er*al (?), a. Not literal. [R.] B. Dawson.


   Il*lit"er*ate  (?),  a.  [L.  illiteratus:  pref.  il- not + literatus
   learned.  See  In-  not,  and  Literal.] Ignorant of letters or books;
   unlettered;  uninstructed;  uneducated;  as,  an  illiterate  man,  or
   people. Syn. -- Ignorant; untaught; unlearned; unlettered; unscholary.
   See Ignorant. -- Il*lit"er*ate*ly, adv. -- Il*lit"er*ate*ness, n.


   Il*lit"er*a*ture  (?),  n. Want of learning; illiteracy. [R.] Ayliffe.


   Ill"-judged` (?), a. Not well judged; unwise.


   Ill"-lived` (?), a. Leading a wicked life. [Obs.]


   Ill"-look`ing  (?),  a. Having a bad look; threatening; ugly. See Note
   under Ill, adv.


   Ill`-man"nered (?), a. Impolite; rude.


   Ill"-mind`ed (?), a. Ill-disposed. Byron.


   Ill`-na"tured (?), a.

   1.  Of habitual bad temper; peevish; fractious; cross; crabbed; surly;
   as, an ill-natured person.

   2.  Dictated by, or indicating, ill nature; spiteful. "The ill-natured
   task refuse." Addison.

   3.  Intractable;  not yielding to culture. [R.] "Ill-natured land." J.
   Philips. -- Ill`-na"tured*ly, adv. -- Ill`-na"tured*ness, n.


   Ill"ness (?), n. [From Ill.]

   1. The condition of being ill, evil, or bad; badness; unfavorableness.
   [Obs.] "The illness of the weather." Locke.

   2. Disease; indisposition; malady; disorder of health; sickness; as, a
   short or a severe illness.

   3.  Wrong  moral  conduct;  wickedness. Shak. Syn. -- Malady; disease;
   indisposition;  ailment.  --  Illness,  Sickness.  Within  the present
   century,  there  has  been a tendency in England to use illness in the
   sense of a continuous disease, disorder of health, or sickness, and to
   confine sickness more especially to a sense of nausea, or "sickness of
   the stomach."


   Ill"-nur`tured (?), a. Ill-bred. Shak.


   Il`lo*cal"i*ty (?), n. Want of locality or place. [R.] Cudworth.


   Il*log"ic*al  (?),  a.  Ignorant or negligent of the rules of logic or
   correct  reasoning;  as, an illogical disputant; contrary of the rules
   of   logic   or  sound  reasoning;  as,  an  illogical  inference.  --
   Il*log"ic*al*ly, adv. -- Il*log"ic*al*ness, n.


   Ill`-o"mened  (?),  a.  Having  unlucky  omens; inauspicious. See Note
   under Ill, adv.


   Ill"-starred`  (?),  a.  Fated  to  be  unfortunate;  unlucky;  as, an
   ill-starred man or day.


   Ill`-tem"pered (?), a.

   1.   Of   bad   temper;   morose;  crabbed;  sour;  peevish;  fretful;

   2. Unhealthy; ill-conditioned. [Obs.]

     So  ill-tempered  I  am grown, that I am afraid I shall catch cold,
     while all the world is afraid to melt away. Pepys.


   Ill"-timed`  (?),  a.  Done,  attempted,  or said, at an unsuitable or
   unpropitious time.


   Ill`treat"  (?),  v. t. To treat cruelly or improperly; to ill use; to


   Il*lude"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illuded; p. pr. & vb. n. Illuding.]
   [L. illudere, illusum; pref. il- in + ludere to play: cf. OF. illuder.
   See  Ludicrous.]  To  play  upon  by artifice; to deceive; to mock; to
   excite and disappoint the hopes of.


   Il*lume"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Illumed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Illuming.]  [Cf.  F.  illuminer.  See  Illuminate.] To throw or spread
   light upon; to make light or bright; to illuminate; to illumine. Shak.

     The mountain's brow, Illumed with fluid gold. Thomson.


   Il*lu"mi*na*ble (?), a. Capable of being illuminated.


   Il*lu"mi*nant  (?),  n.  [L. illuminans, -antis, p.pr. of illuminare.]
   That  which  illuminates  or  affords light; as, gas and petroleum are
   illuminants. Boyle.


   Il*lu"mi*na*ry (?), a. Illuminative.


   Il*lu"mi*nate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illuminated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Illuminating  (?).] [L. illuminatus, p.p. of illuminare; pref. il-
   in  +  luminare  to  enlighten, fr. lumen light. See Luminous, and cf.
   Illume, Illumine, Enlimn, Limn.]

   1.  To  make light; to throw light on; to supply with light, literally
   or figuratively; to brighten.

   2.  To  light up; to decorate with artificial lights, as a building or
   city, in token of rejoicing or respect.

   3.  To  adorn,  as  a  book  or page with borders, initial letters, or
   miniature  pictures  in colors and gold, as was done in manuscripts of
   the Middle Ages.

   4.  To make plain or clear; to dispel the obscurity to by knowledge or
   reason; to explain; to elucidate; as, to illuminate a text, a problem,
   or a duty.

   Page 729


   Il*lu"mi*nate (?), v. i. To light up in token or rejoicing.


   Il*lu"mi*nate (?), a. [L. illuminatus, p.p.] Enlightened. Bp. Hall.


   Il*lu"mi*nate,   n.   One   who  enlightened;  esp.,  a  pretender  to
   extraordinary light and knowledge.


   Il*lu`mi*na"ti (?), n. pl. [L. illuminatus. See Illuminate, v. t., and
   cf.  Illuminee.]  Literally,  those  who are enlightened; -- variously
   applied as follows: -

   1.  (Eccl.)  Persons  in the early church who had received baptism; in
   which  ceremony  a  lighted  taper  was given them, as a symbol of the
   spiritual illumination they has received by that sacrament.

   2.  (Eccl. Hist.) Members of a sect which sprung up in Spain about the
   year  1575.  Their  principal  doctrine was, that, by means of prayer,
   they  had  attained  to  so  perfect  a  state  as  to have no need of
   ordinances,  sacraments,  good works, etc.; -- called also Alumbrados,
   Perfectibilists, etc.

   3.  (Mod. Hist.) Members of certain associations in Modern Europe, who
   combined  to  promote  social reforms, by which they expected to raise
   men  and society to perfection, esp. of one originated in 1776 by Adam
   Weishaupt,  professor of canon law at Ingolstadt, which spread rapidly
   for a time, but ceased after a few years.

   4.  Also  applied to: (a) An obscure sect of French Familists. (b) The
   Hesychasts, Mystics, and Quietists; (c) The Rosicrucians.

   5.   Any   persons  who  profess  special  spiritual  or  intellectual


   Il*lu"mi*na`ting   (?),   a.  Giving  or  producing  light;  used  for
   illumination. Illuminating gas. See Gas, n., 2 (a).


   Il*lu`mi*na"tion (?), n. [L. illuminatio: cf. F. illumination.]

   1.  The  act  of  illuminating,  or supplying with light; the state of
   being illuminated.

   2. Festive decoration of houses or buildings with lights.

   3.  Adornment of books and manuscripts with colored illustrations. See
   Illuminate, v. t., 3.

   4.  That which is illuminated, as a house; also, an ornamented book or

   5.  That  which  illuminates  or  gives  light;  brightness; splendor;
   especially, intellectual light or knowledge.

     The illumination which a bright genius giveth to his work. Felton.

   6. (Theol.) The special communication of knowledge to the mind by God;

     Hymns  and  psalms . . . are framed by meditation beforehand, or by
     prophetical illumination are inspired. Hooker.


   Il*lu"mi*na*tism (?), n. Illuminism. [R.]


   Il*lu"mi*na*tive  (?),  a. [Cf. F. illuminatif.] Tending to illuminate
   or  illustrate;  throwing light; illustrative. "Illuminative reading."


   Il*lu"mi*na`tor  (?), n. [L., an enlightener, LL. also, an illuminator
   of books.]

   1.  One  whose  occupation  is to adorn books, especially manuscripts,
   with miniatures, borders, etc. See Illuminate, v. t., 3.

   2.  A  condenser  or reflector of light in optical apparatus; also, an


   Il*lu"mine   (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  F.  illuminer.  See  Illuminate.]  To
   illuminate; to light up; to adorn.


   Il*lu`mi*nee"  (?),  n.  [F.  illumin\'82. Cf. Illuminati.] One of the


   Il*lu"mi*ner (?), n. One who, or that which, illuminates.


   Il*lu"mi*nism  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  illuminisme.] The principles of the


   Il*lu`mi*nis"tic  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  illuminism, or the


   Il*lu"mi*nize  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illuminized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Illuminizing  (?).] To initiate the doctrines or principles of the


   Il*lu"mi*nous (?), a. Bright; clear. [R.] H. Taylor.


   Il*lure"  (?),  v. t. [Pref. il- in + lure.] To deceive; to entice; to
   lure. [Obs.]

     The  devil  insnareth  the souls of many men, by illuring them with
     the muck and dung of this world. Fuller.


   Ill`-used" (?), a. Misapplied; treated badly.


   Il*lu"sion (?), n. [F. illusion, L. illusio, fr. illudere, illusum, to
   illude. See Illude.]

   1.  An  unreal  image  presented  to  the  bodily  or mental vision; a
   deceptive appearance; a false show; mockery; hallucination.

     To cheat the eye with blear illusions. Milton.

   2.  Hence:  Anything  agreeably fascinating and charning; enchantment;
   witchery; glamour.

     Ye soft illusions, dear deceits, arise! Pope.

   3.  (Physiol.)  A sensation originated by some external object, but so
   modified as in any way to lead to an erroneous perception; as when the
   rolling of a wagon is mistaken for thunder.

     NOTE: &hand; So me mo dern wr iters distinguish between an illusion
     and  hallucination,  regarding  the former as originating with some
     external  object,  and  the  latter as having no objective occasion

   4.  A  plain,  delicate lace, usually of silk, used for veils, scarfs,
   dresses,  etc. Syn. -- Delusion; mockery; deception; chimera; fallacy.
   See  Delusion.  Illusion,  Delusion.  Illusion  refers particularly to
   errors  of  the  sense;  delusion  to false hopes or deceptions of the
   mind.  An  optical  deception  is  an  illusion;  a false opinion is a
   delusion. E. Edwards.


   Il*lu"sion*a*ble (?), a. Liable to illusion.


   Il*lu"sion*ist, n. One given to illusion; a visionary dreamer.


   Il*lu"sive  (?),  a. [See Illude.] Deceiving by false show; deceitful;
   deceptive; false; illusory; unreal.

     Truth from illusive falsehood to command. Thomson.


   Il*lu"sive*ly, adv. In a illusive manner; falsely.


   Il*lu"sive*ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being illusive; deceptiveness;
   false show.


   Il*lu"so*ry  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  illusore.]  Deceiving,  or tending of
   deceive; fallacious; illusive; as, illusory promises or hopes.


   Il*lus"tra*ble (?), a. Capable of illustration. Sir T. Browne.


   Il*lus"trate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Illustrated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Illustrating  (?).] [L. illustratus, p.p. of illustrare to illustrate,
   fr. illustris bright. See Illustrious.]

   1. To make clear, bright, or luminous.

     Here, when the moon illustrates all the sky. Chapman.

   2.  To  set  in a clear light; to exhibit distinctly or conspicuously.

     To prove him, and illustrate his high worth. Milton.

   3.  To  make  clear,  intelligible,  or  apprehensible;  to elucidate,
   explain,  or  exemplify,  as  by  means  of  figures, comparisons, and

   4.  To  adorn with pictures, as a book or a subject; to elucidate with
   pictures, as a history or a romance.

   5. To give renown or honor to; to make illustrious; to glorify. [Obs.]

     Matter to me of glory, whom their hate Illustrates. Milton.


   Il*lus"trate    (?),    a.   [L.   illustratus,   p.p.]   Illustrated;
   distinguished; illustrious. [Obs.]

     This most gallant, illustrate, and learned gentleman. Shak.


   Il`lus*tra"tion (?), n. [L. illustratio: cf. F. illustration.]

   1.  The  act  of  illustrating;  the act of making clear and distinct;
   education;  also,  the  state  of  being illustrated, or of being made
   clear and distinct.

   2.  That  which  illustrates; a comparison or example intended to make
   clear or apprehensible, or to remove obscurity.

   3.  A  picture  designed  to decorate a volume or elucidate a literary


   Il*lus"tra*tive (?), a.

   1. Tending or designed to illustrate, exemplify, or elucidate.

   2. Making illustrious. [Obs.]


   Il*lus"tra*tive*ly,  adv.  By way of illustration or elucidation. [R.]
   Sir T. Browne.


   Il*lus"tra*tor (?), n. [L.] One who illustrates.


   Il*lus"tra*to*ry (?), a. Serving to illustrate.


   Il*lus"tri*ous  (?), a. [L. illustris, prob. for illuxtris; fr. il- in
   + the root of lucidus bright: cf. F. illustre. See Lucid.]

   1. Possessing luster or brightness; brilliant; luminous; splendid.

     Quench the light; thine eyes are guides illustrious. Beau. & Fl.

   2.  Characterized by greatness, nobleness, etc.; eminent; conspicuous;

     Illustrious earls, renowened everywhere. Drayton.

   3.  Conferring  luster  or  honor;  renowned; as, illustrious deeds or
   titles.   Syn.   --   Distinguished;  famous;  remarkable;  brilliant;
   conspicuous;  noted;  celebrated; signal; renowened; eminent; exalted;
   noble; glorious. See Distinguished, Famous.


   Il*lus"tri*ous*ly,   adv.  In  a  illustrious  manner;  conspicuously;
   eminently; famously. Milton.


   Il*lus"tri*ous*ness,  n.  The  state  or  quality  of  being  eminent;
   greatness; grandeur; glory; fame.


   Il*lus"trous (?), a. [Pref. il- not + lustrous.] Without luster. [Obs.
   & R.]


   Il`lu*ta"tion   (?),  n.  [Pref.  il-  in  +  L.  lutum  mud:  cf.  F.
   illutation.]  The  act  or  operation  of  smearing the body with mud,
   especially with the sediment from mineral springs; a mud bath.


   Il`lux*u"ri*ous (?), a. Not luxurious. [R.] Orrery.


   Ill`-will" (?). See under Ill, a.


   Ill`-wish"er (?), n. One who wishes ill to another; an enemy.


   Il"ly (?), adv. [A word not fully approved, but sometimes used for the
   adverb ill.]


   Il"men*ite  (?),  n.  [So  called  from  Ilmen,  a  branch of the Ural
   Mountains.] (Min.) Titanic iron. See Menaccanite.


   Il*me"ni*um  (?),  n.  [NL.  See Ilmenite.] (Chem.) A supposed element
   claimed to have been discovered by R.Harmann.


   Il"va*ite (?), n. [From L. Ilva, the island now called Elba.] (Min.) A
   silicate  of  iron  and lime occurring in black prismatic crystals and
   columnar masses.


   I'm (?). A contraction of I am.


   Im-  (?).  A form of the prefix in- not, and in- in. See In-. Im- also
   occurs in composition with some words not of Latin origin; as, imbank,


   Im"age  (?),  n. [F., fr. L. imago, imaginis, from the root of imitari
   to imitate. See Imitate, and cf. Imagine.]

   1.  An  imitation, representation, or similitude of any person, thing,
   or  act,  sculptured, drawn, painted, or otherwise made perceptible to
   the  sight;  a  visible presentation; a copy; a likeness; an effigy; a
   picture; a semblance.

     Even like a stony image, cold and numb. Shak.

     Whose is this image and superscription? Matt. xxii. 20.

     This play is the image of a murder done in Vienna. Shak.

     And God created man in his own image. Gen. i. 27.

   2.  Hence: The likeness of anything to which worship is paid; an idol.

     Thou  shalt  not  make unto thee any graven image, . . . thou shalt
     not bow down thyself to them. Ex. xx. 4, 5.

   3. Show; appearance; cast.

     The face of things a frightful image bears. Dryden.

   4.  A  representation  of anything to the mind; a picture drawn by the
   fancy; a conception; an idea.

     Can we conceive Image of aught delightful, soft, or great? Prior.

   5.  (Rhet.)  A  picture,  example,  or  illustration, often taken from
   sensible  objects,  and  used  to  illustrate  a  subject; usually, an
   extended metaphor. Brande & C.

   6. (Opt.) The figure or picture of any object formed at the focus of a
   lens or mirror, by rays of light from the several points of the object
   symmetrically  refracted  or reflected to corresponding points in such
   focus;  this may be received on a screen, a photographic plate, or the
   retina  of  the  eye,  and  viewed  directly  by  the  eye, or with an
   eyeglass,  as  in  the  telescope  and  microscope; the likeness of an
   object formed by reflection; as, to see one's image in a mirror.
   Electrical  image.  See  under  Electrical.  -- Image breaker, one who
   destroys  images;  an  iconoclast.  --  Image  graver,  Image maker, a
   sculptor.  --  Image  worship,  the  worship  of  images  as  symbols;
   iconolatry   distinguished   from  idolatry;  the  worship  of  images
   themselves.  --  Image  Purkinje  (Physics),  the image of the retinal
   blood  vessels  projected in, not merely on, that membrane. -- Virtual
   image  (Optics),  a point or system of points, on one side of a mirror
   or  lens,  which,  if  it existed, would emit the system of rays which
   actually  exists  on  the  other  side  of  the  mirror or lens. Clerk


   Im"age  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Imaged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imaging

   1.  To  represent  or  form an image of; as, the still lake imaged the
   shore;  the  mirror  imaged her figure. "Shrines of imaged saints." J.

   2.  To  represent  to  the mental vision; to form a likeness of by the
   fancy or recollection; to imagine.

     Condemn'd  whole  years  in absence to deplore, And image charms he
     must behold no more. Pope.


   Im"age*a*ble (?), a. That may be imaged. [R.]


   Im"age*less, a. Having no image. Shelley.


   Im"a*ger  (?),  n.  One  who  images  or forms likenesses; a sculptor.

     Praxiteles was ennobled for a rare imager. Holland.


   Im"age*ry (?), n. [OE. imagerie, F. imagerie.]

   1.  The  work  of  one  who  makes images or visible representation of
   objects;  imitation  work;  images  in  general,  or in mass. "Painted
   imagery." Shak.

     In  those  oratories might you see Rich carvings, portraitures, and
     imagery. Dryden.

   2. Fig.: Unreal show; imitation; appearance.

     What can thy imagery of sorrow mean? Prior.

   3.  The  work  of  the  imagination  or  fancy; false ideas; imaginary

     The imagery of a melancholic fancy. Atterbury.

   4.  Rhetorical  decoration  in writing or speaking; vivid descriptions
   presenting  or  suggesting  images  of  sensible  objects;  figures in

     I  wish  there  may  be  in this poem any instance of good imagery.


   Im*ag`i*na*bil"i*ty (?), n. Capacity for imagination. [R.] Coleridge.


   Im*ag"i*na*ble  (?),  a. [L. imaginabilis: cf. F. imaginable.] Capable
   of being imagined; conceivable.

     Men sunk into the greatest darkness imaginable. Tillotson.

   -- Im*ag"i*na*ble*ness, n. -- Im*ag"i*na*bly, adv.


   Im*ag"i*nal (?), a. [L. imaginalis.]

   1.  Characterized  by imagination; imaginative; also, given to the use
   or rhetorical figures or imagins.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to an imago.
   Imaginal  disks (Zo\'94l.), masses of hypodermic cells, carried by the
   larv\'91  of some insects after leaving the egg, from which masses the
   wings and legs of the adult are subsequently formed.


   Im*ag"i*nant  (?),  a.  [L.  imaginans,  p.pr.  of  imaginari:  cf. F.
   imaginant.]  Imagining;  conceiving.  [Obs.] Bacon. -- n. An imaginer.
   [Obs.] Glanvill.


   Im*ag"i*na*ri*ly  (?),  a.  In  a imaginary manner; in imagination. B.


   Im*ag"i*na*ri*ness,  n.  The  state  or  quality  of  being imaginary;


   Im*ag"i*na*ry  (?),  a.  [L. imaginarius: cf. F. imaginaire.] Existing
   only in imagination or fancy; not real; fancied; visionary; ideal.

     Wilt thou add to all the griefs I suffer Imaginary ills and fancied
     tortures? Addison.

   Imaginary  calculus  See  under  Calculus.  -- Imaginary expression OR
   quantity (Alg.), an algebraic expression which involves the impossible
   operation  of  taking  the  square  root  of  a negative quantity; as,
   &root;-9,  a  + b &root;-1. -- Imaginary points, lines, surfaces, etc.
   (Geom.), points, lines, surfaces, etc., imagined to exist, although by
   reason of certain changes of a figure they have in fact ceased to have
   a  real  existence.Syn.  --  Ideal;  fanciful;  chimerical; visionary;
   fancied; unreal; illusive.


   Im*ag"i*na*ry, n. (Alg.) An imaginary expression or quantity.


   Im*ag"i*nate (?), a. Imaginative. [Obs.] Holland.


   Im*ag`i*na"tion  (?),  n.  [OE.  imaginacionum, F. imagination, fr. L.
   imaginatio. See Imagine.]

   1.  The  imagine-making  power  of  the  mind;  the power to create or
   reproduce  ideally  an object of sense previously perceived; the power
   to call up mental imagines.

     Our simple apprehension of corporeal objects, if present, is sense;
     if absent, is imagination. Glanvill.

     Imagination  is of three kinds: joined with belief of that which is
     to  come;  joined  with memory of that which is past; and of things
     present, or as if they were present. Bacon.

   2. The representative power; the power to reconstruct or recombine the
   materials  furnished  by  direct  apprehension;  the  complex  faculty
   usually termed the plastic or creative power; the fancy.

     The imagination of common language -- the productive imagination of
     philosophers  -- is nothing but the representative process plus the
     process to which I would give the name of the "comparative." Sir W.

     The  power  of  the  mind  to  decompose  its  conceptions,  and to
     recombine  the  elements  of  them  at  its pleasure, is called its
     faculty of imagination. I. Taylor.

     The  business  of  conception  is  to  present  us  with  an  exact
     transcript  of what we have felt or perceived. But we have moreover
     a  power  of  modifying  our conceptions, by combining the parts of
     different  ones together, so as to form new wholes of our creation.
     I shall employ the word imagination to express this power. Stewart.

   3.  The  power  to  recombine the materials furnished by experience or
   memory,  for  the  accomplishment of an elevated purpose; the power of
   conceiving and expressing the ideal.

     The lunatic, the lover, and the poet Are of imagination all compact
     .  .  .  The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling, Doth glance from
     heaven  to  earth,  from earth to heaven, And as imagination bodies
     forth  The  forms  of  things unknown, the poet's pen Turns them to
     shapes,  and  gives  to airy nothing A local habitation and a name.

   4.  A  mental  image  formed  by  the  action  of the imagination as a
   faculty;  a  conception;  a  notion.  Shak.  Syn. -- Conception; idea;
   conceit;   fancy;  device;  origination;  invention;  scheme;  design;
   purpose;  contrivance.  --  Imagination, Fancy. These words have, to a
   great extent, been interchanged by our best writers, and considered as
   strictly  synonymous. A distinction, however, is now made between them
   which  more  fully  exhibits their nature. Properly speaking, they are
   different  exercises  of  the  same  general  power  -- the plastic or
   creative   faculty.  Imagination  consists  in  taking  parts  of  our
   conceptions  and combining them into new forms and images more select,
   more  striking,  more  delightful,  more terrible, etc., than those of
   ordinary  nature.  It is the higher exercise of the two. It creates by
   laws  more closely connected with the reason; it has strong emotion as
   its  actuating  and  formative cause; it aims at results of a definite
   and  weighty  character.  Milton's  fiery  lake,  the  debates  of his
   Pandemonium, the exquisite scenes of his Paradise, are all products of
   the imagination. Fancy moves on a lighter wing; it is governed by laws
   of  association  which  are  more  remote,  and sometimes arbitrary or
   capricious.  Hence  the  term  fanciful,  which  exhibits fancy in its
   wilder  flights. It has for its actuating spirit feelings of a lively,
   gay,  and  versatile  character;  it  seeks  to  please  by unexpected
   combinations  of  thought,  startling  contrasts, flashes of brilliant
   imagery,  etc. Pope's Rape of the Lock is an exhibition of fancy which
   has scarcely its equal in the literature of any country. -- "This, for
   instance,  Wordworth  did in respect of the words \'bfimagination' and
   \'bffancy.' Before he wrote, it was, I suppose, obscurely felt by most
   that  in \'bfimagination' there was more of the earnest, in \'bffancy'
   of  the  play  of the spirit; that the first was a loftier faculty and
   gift than the second; yet for all this words were continually, and not
   without  loss,  confounded.  He  first,  in the preface to his Lyrical
   Ballads,  rendered it henceforth impossible that any one, who had read
   and  mastered  what  he  has  written  on the two words, should remain
   unconscious  any  longer  of  the  important difference between them."

     The  same  power,  which  we  should  call  fancy  if employed on a
     production  of a light nature, would be dignified with the title of
     imagination if shown on a grander scale. C. J. Smith.

   Page 730


   Im*ag`i*na"tion*al  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to, involving, or caused by,


   Im*ag`i*na"tion*al*ism (?), n. Idealism. J. Grote.


   Im*ag"i*na*tive (?), a. [F. imaginatif.]

   1.  Proceeding  from, and characterized by, the imagination, generally
   in the highest sense of the word.

     In  all  the  higher  departments  of imaginative art, nature still
     constitues an important element. Mure.

   2.  Given  to imagining; full of images, fancies, etc.; having a quick
   imagination; conceptive; creative.

     Milton  had  a  highly  imaginative,  Cowley  a very fanciful mind.

   3.    Unreasonably    suspicious;    jealous.   [Obs.]   Chaucer.   --
   Im*ag"i*na*tive*ly, adv. -- Im*ag"i*na*tive*ness, n.


   Im*ag"ine  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Imagined (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Imagining.]  [F.  imaginer,  L.  imaginari, p.p. imaginatus, fr. imago
   image. See Image.]

   1. To form in the mind a notion or idea of; to form a mental image of;
   to conceive; to produce by the imagination.

     In  the  night,  imagining some fear, How easy is a bush supposed a
     bear! Shak.

   2.  To  contrive  in  purpose;  to  scheme;  to devise; to compass; to
   purpose. See Compass, v. t., 5.

     How long will ye imagine mischief against a man? Ps. lxii. 3.

   3.  To represent to one's self; to think; to believe. Shak. Syn. -- To
   fancy;  conceive;  apprehend;  think;  believe;  suppose; opine; deem;
   plan; scheme; devise.


   Im*ag"ine, v. i.

   1. To form images or conceptions; to conceive; to devise.

   2. To think; to suppose.

     My sister is not so defenseless left As you imagine. Milton.


   Im*ag"in*er  (?),  n.  One  who  forms  ideas  or conceptions; one who
   contrives. Bacon.


   Im*ag"in*ous (?), a. Imaginative. [R.] Chapman.


   I*ma"go (?), n.; pl. Imagoes (#). [L. See Image.]

   1. An image.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The final adult, and usually winged, state of an insect.
   See Illust. of Ant-lion, and Army worm.

                               Imam, Iman, Imaum

   I*mam" (?), I*man" (?), I*maum" (?), n. [Ar. im\'bem.]

   1.  Among  the  Mohammedans,  a  minister  or  priest who performs the
   regular service of the mosque.

   2.  A Mohammedan prince who, as a successor of Mohammed, unites in his
   person supreme spiritual and temporal power.


   I*ma"ret  (?),  n.  [Turk.,  fr.  Ar.  'im\'bera.] A lodging house for
   Mohammedan pilgrims. Moore.


   Im*balm" (?), v. t. See Embalm.


   Im*ban" (?), v. t. To put under a ban. [R.] Barlow.


   Im*band"  (?), v. t. To form into a band or bands. "Imbanded nations."
   J. Barlow.


   Im*bank"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Imbanked (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Imbanking.]  [Pref.  im-  in + bank. Cf. Embank.] To inclose or defend
   with a bank or banks. See Embank.


   Im*bank"ment  (?),  n.  The  act of surrounding with a bank; a bank or
   mound  raised  for  defense,  a  roadway,  etc.;  an  embankment.  See


   Im*ban"nered (?), a. Having banners.


   Im*bar" (?), v. t. To bar in; to secure. [Obs.]

     To imbar their crooked titles. Shak.


   Im*bar"go (?), n. See Embargo.


   Im*bark" (?), v. i. & t. See Embark.


   Im*barn" (?), v. t. To store in a barn. [Obs.]


   Im*base" (?), v. t. See Embase.


   Im*base", v. i. To diminish in value. [Obs.] Hales.


   Im*bas"tard*ize (?), v. t. To bastardize; to debase. [Obs.] Milton.


   Im*bathe" (?), v. t. [Pref. im- in + bathe. Cf. Embathe.] To bathe; to
   wash freely; to immerce.

     And gave her to his daughters to imbathe In nectared lavers strewed
     with asphodel. Milton.


   Im*bay" (?), v. t. See Embay.


   Im"be*cile  (?), a. [L. imbecillis, and imbecillus; of unknown origin:
   cf.  F.  imb\'82cile.] Destitute of strength, whether of body or mind;
   feeble; impotent; esp., mentally wea; feeble-minded; as, hospitals for
   the imbecile and insane. Syn. -- Weak; feeble; feeble-minded; idiotic.


   Im"be*cile, n. One destitute of strength; esp., one of feeble mind.


   Im"be*cile,  v.  t. To weaken; to make imbecile; as, to imbecile men's
   courage. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.


   Im`be*cil"i*tate  (?), v. t. To weaken, as to the body or the mind; to
   enfeeble. [R.] A. Wilson.


   Im`be*cil"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Imbecilities (#). [L. imbecillitas: cf. F.
   imb\'82cillit\'82.]   The   quality   of   being  imbecile;  weakness;
   feebleness, esp. of mind.

     Cruelty  . . . argues not only a depravedness of nature, but also a
     meanness of courage and imbecility of mind. Sir W. Temple.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is te rm is  us ed sp ecifically to  denote natural
     weakness  of  the  mental  faculties,  affecting one's power to act
     reasonably or intelligently.

   Syn.  --  Debility;  infirmity;  weakness;  feebleness; impotence. See


   Im*bed"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Imbedded (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Imbedding.]  [Pref.  im- in + bed. Cf. Embed.] To sink or lay, as in a
   bed;  to  deposit in a partly inclosing mass, as of clay or mortar; to
   cover, as with earth, sand, etc.


   Im*bel"lic (?), a. [L. imbellis; pref. im- = in- not + bellum war; cf.
   bellicus warlike.] Not warlike or martial. [Obs.] R. Junius.


   Im*bench"ing  (?),  n.  [Pref.  im-  in + bench.] A raised work like a
   bench. [Obs.] Parkhurst.


   Im"ber-goose` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The loon. See Ember-goose.


   Im*bez"zle (?), v. t. [Obs.] See Embezzle.


   Im*bibe"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Imbibed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Imbibing.]  [L.  imbibere;  pref.  im-  in  +  bibere to drink: cf. F.
   imbiber. Cf. Bib, Imbue, Potable.]

   1.  To  drink  in;  to  absorb;  to  suck or take in; to receive as by
   drinking; as, a person imbibes drink, or a sponge imbibes moisture.

   2.  To  receive  or  absorb  into  the  mind and retain; as, to imbibe
   principles; to imbibe errors.

   3. To saturate; to imbue. [Obs.] "Earth, imbibed with . . . acid." Sir
   I. Newton.


   Im*bib"er (?), n. One who, or that which, imbibes.


   Im`bi*bi"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  imbibition.]  The act or process of
   imbibing,  or  absorbing;  as,  the post-mortem imbibition of poisons.


   Im*bit"ter  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Imbittered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Imbittering.]  [Pref.  im-  in  + bitter. Cf. Embitter.] [Written also
   embitter.]  To  make  bitter;  hence,  to  make  distressing  or  more
   distressing; to make sad, morose, sour, or malignant.

     Is  there  anything  that more imbitters the enjoyment of this life
     than shame? South.

     Imbittered against each other by former contests. Bancroft.


   Im*bit"ter*er (?), n. One who, or that which, imbitters.


   Im*bit"ter*ment  (?),  n.  The  act  of  imbittering;  bitter feeling;


   Im*blaze" (?), v. t. See Emblaze.


   Im*bla"zon (?), v. t. See Emblazon.


   Im*bod"y  (?),  v. i. [See Embody.] To become corporeal; to assume the
   qualities of a material body. See Embody.

     The  soul  grows  clotted  by  contagion,  Imbodies,  and imbrutes.


   Im*boil" (?), v. t. & i. [Obs.] See Emboil.


   Im*bold"en (?), v. t. See Embolden.


   Im*bon"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Pref.  im- not + L. bonitas goodness.] Want of
   goodness. [Obs.] Burton.


   Im*bor"der  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Imbordered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Imbordering.]  [Pref.  im-  in  + border. Cf. Emborder.] To furnish or
   inclose with a border; to form a border of. Milton.


   Im*bosk"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Imbosked (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Imbosking.]  [CF. It. imboscare to imbosk, imboscarsi to retire into a
   wood;  pref.  im-  in  +  bosco wood. See Boscage, and cf. Ambush.] To
   conceal, as in bushes; to hide. [Obs.] Shelton.


   Im*bosk", v. i. To be concealed. [R.] Milton.


   Im*bos"om  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Imbosomed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Imbosoming.] [Pref. im- in + bosom. Cf. Embosom.]

   1.  To  hold  in  the  bosom; to cherish in the heart or affection; to

   2.  To inclose or place in the midst of; to surround or shelter; as, a
   house  imbosomed  in  a  grove.  "Villages  imbosomed  soft in trees."

     The  Father  infinite,  By  whom  in  bliss  imbosomed sat the Son.


   Im*boss" (?), v. t. See Emboss.


   Im*bos"ture  (?),  n.  [See  Emboss.]  Embossed or raised work. [Obs.]
   Beau. & Fl.


   Im*bound" (?), v. t. To inclose in limits; to shut in. [Obs.] Shak.


   Im*bow"  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref. im- in + bow. Cf. Embow.] To make like a
   bow; to curve; to arch; to vault; to embow. "Imbowed windows." Bacon.


   Im*bow"el (?), v. t. See Embowel.


   Im*bow"er (?), v. t. & i. See Embower.


   Im*bow"ment (?), n. act of imbowing; an arch; a vault. Bacon.


   Im*box" (?), v. t. To inclose in a box.


   Im*bra"cer*y (?), n. Embracery. [Obs.]


   Im*braid" (?), v. t. [Obs.] See Embraid.


   Im*bran"gle  (?), v. t. To entangle as in a cobweb; to mix confusedly.
   [R.] Hudibras.

     Physiology imbrangled with an inapplicable logic. Coleridge.


   Im*breed"  (?),  v.  t. [Cf. Inbreed.] To generate within; to inbreed.
   [Obs.] Hakewill.

                             Imbricate, Imbricated

   Im"bri*cate  (?),  Im"bri*ca`ted  (?),  a.  [L.  imbricatus,  p.p.  of
   imbricare to cover with tiles, to form like a gutter tile, fr. imbrex,
   -icis, a hollow tile, gutter tile, fr. imber rain.]

   1. Bent and hollowed like a roof or gutter tile.

   2.  Lying  over  each other in regular order, so as to "break joints,"
   like  tiles  or  shingles  on  a  roof, the scales on the leaf buds of
   plants  and  the  cups  of  some  acorns,  or  the  scales  of fishes;
   overlapping each other at the margins, as leaves in \'91stivation.

   3.  In  decorative art: Having scales lapping one over the other, or a
   representation   of   such  scales;  as,  an  imbricated  surface;  an
   imbricated pattern.


   Im"bri*cate  (?),  v. t. To lay in order, one lapping over another, so
   as to form an imbricated surface.


   Im`bri*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. imbrication.] An overlapping of the
   edges,  like that of tiles or shingles; hence, intricacy of structure;
   also, a pattern or decoration representing such a structure.


   Im"bri*ca*tive (?), a. (Bot.) Imbricate.


   Im`bro*ca"do  (?),  n.;  pl.  Imbrocadoes (#). [See Brocade.] Cloth of
   silver or of gold. [R.]

                             Imbrocata, Imbroccata

   Im`bro*ca"ta (?), Im`broc*ca"ta, n. [It. imbroccata.] A hit or thrust.
   [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Im*brogl"io  (?),  n.;  pl.  Imbroglios (#). [Written also embroglio.]
   [It. See 1st Broil, and cf. Embroil.]

   1. An intricate, complicated plot, as of a drama or work of fiction.

   2.   A  complicated  and  embarrassing  state  of  things;  a  serious

     Wrestling to free itself from the baleful imbroglio. Carlyle.


   Im*brown"  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  im- in + brown. Cf. Embrown.] To make
   brown;  to  obscure;  to  darken;  to  tan;  as, features imbrowned by

     The mountain mass by scorching skies imbrowned. Byron.


   Im*brue"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Imbureed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Imbureing.]  [Cf.  OF. embruer, also embruver, embreuver, embrever, to
   give  to  drink,  soak (see pref. En-, 1, 1st In-, and Breverage), but
   also  OE.  enbrewen, enbrowen, to stain, soil (cf. Brewis).] To wet or
   moisten; to soak; to drench, especially in blood.

     While Darwen stream, will blood of Scots imbrued. Milton.


   Im*brue"ment (?), n. The act of imbruing or state of being imbrued.


   Im*brute"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Imbruted;  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Imbruting.]  [Pref.  im-  in + brute: cf. F. abrutir. Cf. Embrute.] To
   degrade to the state of a brute; to make brutal.

     And  mixed  with  bestial  slime,  THis  essence  to  incarnate and
     imbrute. Milton.


   Im*brute", v. i. To sink to the state of a brute.

     The  soul  grows clotted by contagion, Imbodies, and imbrutes, till
     she quite lose The divine property of her first being. Milton.


   Im*brute"ment  (?),  n.  The  act  of imbruting, or the state of being
   imbruted. [R.] Brydges.


   Im*bue" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imbued (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imbuing.]
   [L.  imbuere;  pref.  im-  in + perh. a disused simple word akin to L.
   bibere to drink. Cf. Imbibe.]

   1. To tinge deeply; to dye; to cause to absorb; as, clothes thoroughly
   imbued with black.

   2.  To tincture deply; to cause to become impressed or penetrated; as,
   to imbue the minds of youth with good principles.

     Thy  words  with  grace  divine Imbued, bring to their sweetness no
     satiety. Milton.


   Im*bue"ment  (?),  n.  The  act of imbuing; the state of being imbued;
   hence, a deep tincture.


   Im*burse"  (?),  v.  t. [Pref. im- in + burse: cf. F. embourser to put
   into  one's  purse.  See  Burse,  and  Purse.] To supply or stock with
   money. [Obs.]


   Im*burse"ment (?), n.

   1. The act of imbursing, or the state of being imbursed. [Obs.]

   2. Money laid up in stock. [Obs.]


   Im*bu"tion (?), n. An imbuing. [Obs.]


   I*mes"a*tin   (?),  n.  [Imide  +  isatin.]  (Chem.)  A  dark  yellow,
   crystalline substance, obtained by the action of ammonia on isatin.


   Im"ide  (?),  n.  (Chem.) A compound with, or derivative of, the imido
   group; specif., a compound of one or more acid radicals with the imido
   group,  or  with  a monamine; hence, also, a derivative of ammonia, in
   which  two  atoms  of hydrogen have been replaced by divalent basic or
   acid   radicals;   --   frequently  used  as  a  combining  form;  as,


   Im"i*do  (?),  a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, containing, or combined with,
   the  radical  NH,  which  is  called  the  imido group. Imido acid, an
   organic  acid,  consisting of one or more acid radicals so united with
   the  imido group that it contains replaceable acid hydrogen, and plays
   the  part  of  an  acid;  as,  uric acid, succinimide, etc., are imido
   Im`it*a*bil"i*ty   (?),  n.  [See  Imitable.]  The  quality  of  being
   imitable. Norris. 

   Page 731


   Im"i*ta*ble (?), a. [L. imitabilis: cf. F. imitable. See Imitate.]

   1. Capble of being imitated or copied.

     The  characters  of  man  placed in lower stations of life are more
     usefull, as being imitable by great numbers. Atterbury.

   2.  Worthy  of  imitation; as, imitable character or qualities. Sir W.


   Im"i*ta*ble*ness, n. The state or quality of being imitable; worthness
   of imitation.


   Im"i*tan*cy  (?), n. [From L. imitans, p. pr. of imitare.] Tendency to
   imitation. [R.] Carlyle.


   Im"i*tate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Imitated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Imitating  (?).] [L. imitatus, p. p. of imitari to imitate; of unknown
   origin. Cf. Image.]

   1.  To  follow  as  a pattern, model, or example; to copy or strive to
   copy, in acts, manners etc.

     Despise wealth and imitate a dog. Cowlay.

   2.  To  produce a semblance or likeness of, in form, character, color,
   qualities, conduct, manners, and the like; to counterfeit; to copy.

     A place picked out by choice of best alive The Nature's work by art
     can imitate. Spenser.

     This  hand appeared a shining sword to weild, And that sustained an
     imitated shield. Dryden.

   3.  (Biol.)  To  resemble  (another  species of animal, or a plant, or
   inanimate  object)  in  form,  color,  ornamentation,  or  instinctive
   habits,  so  as  to  derive  an advantage thereby; sa, when a harmless
   snake imitates a venomous one in color and manner, or when an odorless
   insect imitates, in color, one having secretion offensive to birds.


   Im"i*ta"tion (?), n. [L. imitatio: cf. F. imitation.]

   1. The act of imitating.

     Poesy is an art of imitation, . . . that is to say, a representing,
     counterfeiting, or figuring forth. Sir P. Sidney.

   2.  That  which  is  made or produced as a copy; that which is made to
   resemble  something  else,  whether  for  laudable  or  for fraudulent
   purposes; likeness; resemblance.

     Both  these arts are not only true imitations of nature, but of the
     best nature. Dryden.

   3. (Mus.) One of the principal means of securing unity and consistency
   in  polyphonic  composition;  the  repetition  of essentially the same
   melodic  theme,  phrase,  or motive, on different degrees of pitch, by
   one or more of the other parts of voises. Cf. Canon.

   4.  (Biol.)  The  act  of  condition  of  imitating another species of
   animal, or a plant, or unanimate object. See Imitate, v. t., 3.

     NOTE: &hand; Im itation is  of ten used adjectively to characterize
     things  which have a deceptive appearance, simulating the qualities
     of a superior article; -- opposed to real or genuine; as, imitation
     lace; imitation bronze; imitation modesty, etc.


   Im`i*ta"tion*al  (?), a. Pertaining to, or employed in, imitation; as,
   imitational propensities.


   Im"i*ta*tive (?), a. [L. imitavitus: cf. F. imitatif.]

   1. Inclined to imitate, copy, or follow; imitating; exhibiting some of
   the  qualities  or characteristics of a pattern or model; dependent on
   example;  not  original; as, man is an imitative being; painting is an
   imitative art.

   2. Formed after a model, pattern, or original.

     This  temple,  less in form, with equal grace, Was imitative of the
     first in Thrace. Dryden.

   3.  (Nat.  Hist.)  Designed to imitate another species of animal, or a
   plant,   or  inanimate  object,  for  some  useful  purpose,  such  as
   protection  from  enemies;  having  resamblance to something else; as,
   imitative  colors; imitative habits; dendritic and mammillary forms of
   minerals are imitative. -- Im"i*ta*tive*ly, adv. -- Im"i*ta*tive*ness,


   Im"i*ta*tive,   n.   (Gram.)   A   verb  expressive  of  imitation  or
   resemblance. [R.]


   Im"i*ta"ter (?), n. [L.] One who imitates.


   Im"i*ta`tor*ship,  n.  The  state  or  office of an imitator. "Servile
   imitatorship." Marston.


   Im"i*ta`tress (?), n. A woman who is an imitator.


   Im"i*ta`trix (?), n. An imitatress.


   Im*mac"u*late  (?),  a. [L. immaculatus; pref. im- not + maculatus, p.
   p.  of  maculare  to  spot,  stane,  fr. macula spot. See Mail armor.]
   Without stain or blemish; spotless; undefiled; clear; pure.

     Were  but  my soul as pure From other guilt as that, Heaven did not
     hold One more immaculate. Denham.

     Thou sheer, immaculate and silver fountain. Shak.

   Immaculate  conception  (R. C. Ch.), the doctrine that the Virgin Mary
   was  conceived  without  original  sin.  --  Im*mac"u*late*ly, adv. --
   Im*mac"u*late*ness, n.


   Im*mailed" (?), a. Wearing mail or armor; clad of armor. W. Browne.


   Im*mal"le*a*ble (?), a. Not maleable.


   Im*man"a*cle  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immanacled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Immanacling  (?).]  To  manacle;  to  fetter;  hence;  to  confine; to
   restrain from free action.

     Although this corporal rind Thou hast immanacled. Milton.


   Im"ma*na"tion  (?), n. [Pref. im- in + L. manare to flow; cf. mantio a
   flowing.]  A  flowing  or  entering  in; -- opposed to emanation. [R.]


   Im*mane" (?), a. [L. immanis.] Very great; huge; vast; also, monstrous
   in  character;  inhuman;  atrocious; fierce. [Obs.] "So immane a man."
   Chapman. -- Im*mane"ly, adv. [Obs.]

                             Immanence, Immanency

   Im"ma*nence  (?),  Im"ma*nen*cy  (?),  n.  The condition or quality of
   being immanent; inherence; an indwelling.

     [Clement]  is  mainly  concerned in enforcing the immanence of God.
     Christ  is  everywhere  presented by him as Deity indwelling in the
     world. A. V. G. Allen.


   Im"ma*nent  (?),  a.  [L. immanens, p. pr. of immanere to remain in or
   near;  pref.  im-  in  + manere to remain: cf. F. immanent.] Remaining
   within;   inherent;   indwelling;   abiding;  intrinsic;  internal  or
   subjective;  hence,  limited  in  activity,  agency, or effect, to the
   subject  or  associated  acts;  --  opposed  to  emanant,  transitory,
   transitive, or objective.

     A cognition is an immanent act of mind. Sir W. Hamilton.

     An immanent power in the life of the world. Hare.


   Im*man"i*fest (?), a. Not manifest. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Im*man"i*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  immanitas.]  The state or quality of being
   immane; barbarity. [R.] Shak.


   Im*man"tle (?), v. t. See Emmantle. [R.]


   Im*man"u*el  (?),  n. [Heb. 'imm\'ben, fr. 'im with + \'ben us + \'c7l
   God.] God with us; -- an appellation of the Christ. Is. vii. 14. Matt.
   i. 23.


   Im`mar*ces"ci*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  immarcescibilis;  pref.  im-  not  +
   marcescere  to  fade: cf. F. immarcescible.] Unfading; lasting. [Obs.]
   Bp. Hall.


   Im`mar*ces"ci*bly, adv. Unfadingly. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Im*mar"gin*ate  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Not  having  a distinctive margin or
   border. Grey.


   Im*mar"tial (?), a. Not martial; unwarlike. [Obs.]


   Im*mask"  (?), v. t. To cover, as with a mask; to disguise or conceal.
   [R.] Shak.


   Im*match"a*ble (?), a. Matchless; peerless. [Obs.] Holland.


   Im"ma*ter"ri*al   (?),   a.   [Pref.   im-  not  +  material:  cf.  F.

   1. Not consisting of matter; incorporeal; spiritual; disembodied.

     Angels are spirits immaterial and intellectual. Hooker.

   2.  Of  no  substantial  consequence;  without weight or significance;
   unimportant;  as,  it  is wholly immaterial whether he does so or not.
   Syn.  --  Unimportant; inconsequential; insignificant; inconsiderable;


   Im`ma*te"ri*al*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. immat\'82rialisme.]

   1.  The  doctrine that immaterial substances or spiritual being exist,
   or are possible.

   2.  (Philos.) The doctrine that external bodies may be reduced to mind
   and   ideas  in  a  mind;  any  doctrine  opposed  to  materialism  or
   phenomenalism,  esp.  a system that maintains the immateriality of the
   soul; idealism; esp., Bishop Berkeley's theory of idealism.


   Im`ma*te"ri*al*ist,  n.  [Cf. F. immat\'82rialiste.] (Philos.) One who
   believes in or professes, immaterialism.


   Im`ma*te`ri*al"i*ty   (?),   n.;  pl.  Immaterialities  (#).  [Cf.  F.
   immat\'82rialit\'82.]  The  state  or  quality  of being immaterial or
   incorporeal; as, the immateriality of the soul.


   Im`ma*te"ri*al*ize  (?),  v.  t. [Cf. F. immat\'82rialiser.] To render
   immaterial or incorporeal.

     Immateralized spirits. Glanvill.


   Im`ma*te"ri*al*ly, adv.

   1. In an immaterial manner; without matter or corporeal substance.

   2. In an unimportant manner or degree.


   Im`ma*te"ri*al*ness,  n.  The  state  or  quality of being immaterial;


   Im`ma*te"ri*ate (?), a. Immaterial. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Im`ma*ture"  (?),  a.  [L.  immaturus; pref. im- not + maturus mature,
   ripe. See Mature.]

   1.  Not mature; unripe; not arrived at perfection of full development;
   crude;  unfinished;  as,  immature fruit; immature character; immature
   plans. "An ill-measured and immature counsel." Bacon.

   2.  Premature;  untimely;  too early; as, an immature death. [R.] Jer.


   Im`ma*tured" (?), a. Immature.


   Im`ma*ture"ly (?), adv. In an immature manner. Warburion.


   Im`ma*ture"ness,   n.   The   state  or  quality  of  being  immature;
   immaturity. Boyle.


   Im`ma*tu"ri*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  immaturitas: cf. F. immaturit\'82.] The
   state or quality of being immature or not fully developed; unripeness;

     When the world has outgrown its intellectual immaturity. Caird.


   Im`me*a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Pref. im- not + L. meabilis passable, fr.
   meare  to  pass.]  Want  of  power  to  pass,  or  to  permit passage;

     Immeability of the juices. Arbuthnot.


   Im*meas`ur*a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  of  being immeasurable;


   Im*meas"ur*a*ble   (?),  a.  [Pref.  im-  not  +  measurable:  cf.  F.
   measurable.   Cf.   Immensurable,  Unmeasurable.]  Incapble  of  being
   measured; indefinitely extensive; illimitable; immensurable; vast.

     Of depth immeasurable. Milton.


   Im*meas"ur*a*ble*ness, n. The state or quality of being immeasurable.

     Eternity  and  immeasurableness  belong  to  thought  alone.  F. W.


   Im*meas"ur*a*bly,   adv.   In   an   immeasurable  manner  or  degree.
   "Immeasurably distant." Wordsworth.


   Im*meas"ured (?), a. Immeasurable. [R.] Spenser.


   Im`me*chan"ic*al   (?),   a.   Not   mechanical.   [Obs.]  Cheyne.  --
   Im"me*chan"ic*al*ly, adv. [Obs.]


   Im*me"di*a*cy  (?), n. The relation of freedom from the interventionof
   a medium; immediateness. Shak.


   Im*me"di*ate (?), a. [F. imm\'82diat. See In- not, and Mediate.]

   1.  Not  separated  in  respect  to  place  by  anything  intervening;
   proximate; close; as, immediate contact.

     You are the most immediate to our throne. Shak.

   2. Not deferred by an interval of time; present; instant. "Assemble we
   immediate council." Shak.

     Death  .  .  .  not  yet inflicted, as he feared, By some immediate
     stroke. Milton.

   3.   Acting  with  nothing  interposed  or  between,  or  without  the
   intervention  of  another object as a cause, means, or agency; acting,
   perceived, or produced, directly; as, an immediate cause.

     The  immediate  knowledge of the past is therefore impossible. Sir.
     W. Hamilton.

   Immediate amputation (Surg.), an amputation performed within the first
   few  hours  after  an  injury, and before the the effects of the shock
   have passed away. Syn. -- Proximate; close; direct; next.


   Im*me"di*ate*ly (?), adv.

   1. In an immediate manner; without intervention of any other person or
   thing; proximately; directly; -- opposed to mediately; as, immediately

     God's  acceptance of it either immediately by himself, or mediately
     by the hands of the bishop. South.

   2.  Without  interval  of time; without delay; promptly; instantly; at

     And  Jesus  .  .  . touched him, saying, I will; be thou clean. And
     immediately his leprosy was cleansed. Matt. viii. 3.

   3. As soon as. Cf. Directly,

   8, Note. Syn. -- Directly; instantly; quickly; forthwith; straightway;
   presently. See Directly.


   Im*me"di*ate*ness,  n.  The quality or relations of being immediate in
   manner,  place, or time; exemption from second or interventing causes.
   Bp. Hall.


   Im*me"de*a*tism (?), n. Immediateness.


   Im*med"i*ca*ble   (?),   a.   [L.  Immedicabilis.  See  In-  not,  and
   Medicable.] Not to be healed; incurable. "Wounds immedicable." Milton.


   Im`me*lo"di*ous (?), a. Not melodious.


   Im*mem"o*ra*ble (?), a. [L. immemorabilis; pref. im- not + memorabilis
   memorable:  cf.  F. imm\'82morable. See Memorable.] Not memorable; not
   worth remembering. Johnson.


   Im`me*mo"ri*al   (?),   a.   [Pref.   im-   not  +  memorial:  cf.  F.
   imm\'82morial.]  Extending  beyond  the  reach  of  memory, record, or
   tradition;  indefinitely  ancient;  as, existing from time immemorial.
   "Immemorial  elms."  Tennyson.  "Immemorial  usage  or custom." Sir M.
   Hale.  Time immemorial (Eng. Law.), a time antedating (legal) history,
   and  beyond "legal memory" so called; formerly an indefinite time, but
   in 1276 this time was fixed by statute as the begining of the reign of
   Richard  I.  (1189).  Proof of unbroken possession or use of any right
   since  that  date made it unnecessary to establish the original grant.
   In  1832  the  plan  of  dating  legal  memory  from  a fixed time was
   abandoned  and  the  principle  substituted that rights which had been
   enjoyed  for  full twenty years (or as against the crown thirty years)
   should  not  be  liable to impeachment merely by proving that they had
   not been enjoyed before.


   Im`me*mo"ri*al*ly, adv. Beyond memory. Bentley.


   Im*mense"  (?),  a.  [L.  immensus;  pref.  im- not + mensus, p. p. of
   metiri  to  measure:  cf.  F.  immense.  See  Measure.]  Immeasurable;
   unlimited.  In  commonest  use:  Very  great; vast; huge. "Immense the
   power" Pope. "Immense and boundless ocean." Daniel.

     O Goodness infinite! Goodness immense! Milton.

   Syn.  --  Infinite;  immeasurable;  illimitable; unbounded; unlimited;
   interminable; vast; prodigious; enormous; monstrous. See Enormous.


   Im*mense"ly, adv. In immense manner or degree.


   Im*mense"ness, n. The state of being immense.


   Im*men"si*ble (?), a. [Immense + -ible.] Immeasurable. [Obs.] Davies.


   Im*men"si*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Immensities  (#). [L. immensitas: cf. F.
   immensit\'82.]  The  state  or  quality of being immense; inlimited or
   immeasurable   extension;   infinity;  vastness  in  extent  or  bulk;

     Lost in the wilds of vast immensity. Blackmore.

     The immensity of the material system. I. Taylor.


   Im*men"sive (?), a. Huge. [Obs.] Herrick.


   Im*men`su*ra*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being immensurable.


   Im*men"su*ra*ble  (?), a. [Pref. im- not + L. mensurabilis measurable:
   cf. F. immensurable. Cf. Immeasurable.] Immeasurable.

     What an immensurable space is the firmament. Derham.


   Im*men"su*rate  (?),  a.  [Pref.  im-  not  +  mensurate.] Unmeasured;
   unlimited. [R.] W. Montagu.


   Im*merge"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Immerged (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Immerging  (?).] [L. immergere; pref. im- in + mergere to dip, plunge:
   cf.  F. immerger. See Merge, and cf. Immerse.] To plungel into, under,
   or within anything especially a fuid; to dip; to immerse. See Immerse.

     We  took . . . lukewarm water, and in it immerged a quantity of the
     leaves of senna. Boyle.

     Their souls are immerged in matter. Jer. Taylor.


   Im*merge"  (?),  v.  i. To dissapear by entering into any medium, as a
   star into the light of the sun. [R.]


   Im*mer"it (?), n. Want of worth; demerit. [R.] Suckling.


   Im*mer"it*ed, a. Unmerited. [Obs.] Charles I.


   Im*mer"it*ous (?), a. [L. immeritus; pref. im- not + meritus, p. p. of
   merere, mereri, to deserve.] Undeserving. [Obs.] Milton.


   Im*mers"a*ble (?), a. See Immersible.


   Im*merse"  (?),  a.  [L.  immersus,  p. p. of immergere. See Immerge.]
   Immersed; buried; hid; sunk. [Obs.] "Things immerse in matter." Bacon.


   Im*merse",  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Immersed  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n.

   1. To plunge into anything that surrounds or covers, especially into a
   fluid; to dip; to sink; to bury; to immerge.

     Deep immersed beneath its whirling wave. J Warton.

     More than a mile immersed within the wood. Dryden.

   2. To baptize by immersion.

   3.  To  engage  deeply;  to  engross  the attention of; to involve; to

     The queen immersed in such a trance. Tennyson.

     It  is impossible to have a lively hope in another life, and yet be
     deeply immersed inn the enjoyments of this. Atterbury.

   Page 732


   Im*mersed" (?), p. p. & a.

   1. Deeply plunged into anything, especially a fluid.

   2. Deeply occupied; engrossed; entangled.

   3. (Bot.) Growing wholly under water. Gray.


   Im*mers"i*ble (?), a. [From Immerse.] Capable of being immersed.


   Im*mers"i*ble,  a.  [Pref.  im-  not  + L. mersus, p. p. of mergere to
   plunge.] Not capable of being immersed.


   Im*mer"sion (?), n. [L. immersio; cf. F. immersion.]

   1.  The  act  of  immersing, or the state of being immersed; a sinking
   within a fluid; a dipping; as, the immersion of Achilles in the Styx.

   2.  Submersion  in  water  for  the  purpose of Christian baptism, as,
   practiced by the Baptists.

   3. The state of being overhelmed or deeply absorbed; deep engagedness.

     Too deep an immersion in the affairs of life. Atterbury.

   4.  (Astron.) The dissapearance of a celestail body, by passing either
   behind  another,  as in the occultation of a star, or into its shadow,
   as in the eclipse of a satellite; -- opposed to emersion.
   Immersion  lens,  a  microscopic  objective  of  short  focal distance
   designed to work with a drop of liquid, as oil, between the front lens
   and the slide, so that this lens is practically immersed.
   Im*mer"sion*ist,  n. (Eccl.) One who holds the doctrine that immersion
   is essential to Christian baptism. 


   Im*mesh"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Immeshed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Immeshing.]  [Pref.  im-  in + mesh. Cf. Inmesh.] To catch or entangle
   in, or as in, the meshes of a net. or in a web; to insnare.


   Im`me*thod"ic*al  (?), a. Not methodical; without method or systematic
   arrangement;  without  order or regularity; confused. Addison. Syn. --
   Irregular; confused; disoderly; unsystematic; desultory.


   Im`me*thod"ic*al*ly,      adv.     Without     method;     confusedly;


   Im`me*thod"ic*al*ness, n. Want of method.


   Im*meth"od*ize  (?),  v.  t.  To  render  immethodical; to destroy the
   method of; to confuse. [R.]


   Im*met"ric*al (, a. Not metrical or rhythmical. [R.] Chapman.


   Im*mew" (?), v. t. See Emmew.


   Im"mi*grant (?), n. [L. immigrans, p. pr. of immigrare to go into: cf.
   F.  immigrant.  See Immigrate.] One who immigrates; one who comes to a
   country  for  the  purpose  of  permanent residence; -- correlative of
   emigrant. Syn. -- See Emigrant.


   Im"mi*grate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immigrated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Immigrating  (?).]  [L. immigrare, immigratum, to immigrate; pref. im-
   in + migrare to migrate. See Migrate.] To come into a country of which
   one  is  not  a  native,  for  the purpose of permanent residence. See


   Im"mi*gra"tion  (?),  n. [Cf. F. immigration.] The act of immigrating;
   the  passing  or  coming  into  a country for the purpose of permanent

     The immigrations of the Arabians into Europe. T. Warton.


   Im"mi*nence (?), n. [Cf. F. imminence, L. imminentia, See Imminent.]

   1.  The  condition  or quality of being imminent; a threatening, as of
   something  about  to  happen. The imminence of any danger or distress.

   2.  That  which  is  imminent; impending evil or danger. "But dare all
   imminence." Shak.


   Im"mi*nent  (?), a. [L. imminens, p. pr. of imminere to project; pref.
   im- in + minere (in comp.) to jut, project. See Eminent.]

   1.  Threatening to occur immediately; near at hand; impending; -- said
   especially of misfortune or peril. "In danger imminent." Spenser.

   2. Full of danger; threatening; menacing; perilous.

     Hairbreadth scapes i' the imminent deadly breach. Shak.

   3. (With upon) Bent upon; attentive to. [R.]

     Their eyes ever imminent upon worldly matters. Milton.

   Syn. -- Impending; threatening; near; at hand. -- Imminent, Impending,
   Threatening.  Imminent  is the strongest: it denotes that something is
   ready  to  fall  or  happen  on the instant; as, in imminent danger of
   one's  life. Impending denotes that something hangs suspended over us,
   and  may  so  remain  indefinitely;  as,  the  impending evils of war.
   Threatening  supposes  some  danger  in prospect, but more remote; as,
   threatening indications for the future.

     Three times to-day You have defended me from imminent death. Shak.

     No  story  I  unfold  of public woes, Nor bear advices of impending
     foes. Pope.

     Fierce faces threatening war. Milton.


   Im"mi*nent*ly, adv. In an imminent manner.


   Im*min"gle  (?),  v.  t.  To  mingle; to mix; to unite; to blend. [R.]


   Im`mi*nu"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  imminutio,  fr. imminuere, imminutum, to
   lessen;  pref.  im-  in + minuere.] A lessening; diminution; decrease.
   [R.] Ray.


   Im*mis"ci*bil"i*ty  (?), n. [Cf. F. immiscibilit\'82.] Incapability of
   being mixed, or mingled.


   Im*mis"ci*ble  (?),  a. [Pref. im- not + miscible: cf. F. immiscible.]
   Not capable of being mixed or mingled.

     A chaos of immiscible and conflicting particles. Cudworth.


   Im*mis"sion  (?),  n.  [L. immissio: cf. F. immission. See Immit.] The
   act  of  immitting,  or  of sending or thrusting in; injection; -- the
   correlative of emission.


   Im*mit"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immitted; p. pr. & vb. n. Immiting.]
   [L.  immittere, immissum; pref. im- in + mittere to send.] To send in;
   to inject; to infuse; -- the correlative of emit. [R.] Boyle.


   Im*mit"i*ga*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  immitigabilis;  fr.  pref.  im-  not +
   mitigare  to  mitigate.]  Not capable of being mitigated, softened, or
   appeased. Coleridge.


   Im*mit"i*ga*bly (?), adv. In an immitigable manner.


   Im*mix" (?), v. t. [Pref. in- in + mix.] To mix; to mingle. [R.]

     Amongst her tears immixing prayers meek. Spenser.


   Im*mix"a*ble (?), a. Not mixable. Bp. Wilkins.


   Im*mixed"  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not + mixed, p. p. of mix.] Unmixed.

     How pure and immixed the design is. Boyle.


   Im*mix"ture (?), n. Freedom from mixture; purity. [R.] W. Montagu.


   Im*mo"bile  (?),  a.  [L. immobilis: cf. F. immobile. See Immobility.]
   Incapable of being moved; immovable; fixed; stable. Prof. Shedd.


   Im`mo*bil"i*ty (?), n. [L. immobilitas, fr. immobilis immovable; pref.
   im-  not  +  mobilis  movable:  cf. F. immobilit\'82. See Mobile.] The
   condition or quality of being immobile; fixedness in place or state.


   Im*mob"i*lize   (?),   v.   t.  [Pref.  im-  in  +  mobilize;  cf.  f.
   immobiliser.]  To  make  immovable;  in  surgery, to make immovable (a
   naturally mobile part, as a joint) by the use of splints, or stiffened


   Im*mo"ble (?), a. [Obs.] See Immobile.


   Im*mod"er*a*cy  (?), n. [From Immoderate.] Immoderateness. [R.] Sir T.


   Im*mod"er*an*cy  (?),  n.  [L.  immoderantia.] Immoderateness; excess.
   [R.] Sir T. Browne.


   Im*mod"er*ate  (?),  a.  [L.  immoderatus;  pref.  im- not + moderatus
   moderate.  See  Moderate.]  Not  moderate; exceeding just or usual and
   suitable  bounds; excessive; extravagant; unreasonable; as, immoderate
   demands; immoderate grief; immoderate laughter.

     So every scope by the immoderate use Turns to restraint. Shak.

   Syn. -- Excessive; exorbitant; unreasonable; extravagant; intemperate;


   Im*mod"er*ate*ly, adv. In an immoderate manner; excessively.


   Im*mod"er*ate*ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being  immoderate;  excess;
   extravagance. Puller.


   Im*mod`er*a"tion (?), n. [L. immoderatio: cf. F. imod\'82ration.] Want
   of moderation. Hallywell.


   Im*mod"est  (?), a. [F. immodeste, L. immodestus immoderate; pref. im-
   not + modestus modest. See Modest.]

   1. Not limited to due bounds; immoderate.

   2.  Not  modest; wanting in the reserve or restraint which decorum and
   decency  require;  indecent;  indelicate;  obscene; lewd; as, immodest
   persons, behavior, words, pictures, etc.

     Immodest deeds you hinder to be wrought, But we proscribe the least
     immodest thought. Dryden.

   Syn.   --   Indecorous;  indelicate;  shameless;  shameful;  impudent;
   indecent; impure; unchaste; lewd; obscene.


   Im*mod"est*ly, adv. In an immodest manner.


   Im*mod"es*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  immodestia:  cf.  F. immodestie.] Want of
   modesty,   delicacy,   or  decent  reserve;  indecency.  "A  piece  of
   immodesty." Pope.


   Im"mo*late  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Immolated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Immolating.]  [L. immolatus, p. p. of immolare to sacrifice, orig., to
   sprinkle  a  victim with sacrifical meal; pref. im- in + mola grits or
   grains  of  spelt coarsely ground and mixed with salt; also, mill. See
   Molar,  Meal  ground  grain.]  To sacrifice; to offer in sacrifice; to
   kill, as a sacrificial victim.

     Worshipers,  who  not only immolate to them [the deities] the lives
     of men, but . . . the virtue and honor of women. Boyle.


   Im`mo*la"tion (?), n. [L. immolatio: cf. F. immolation.]

   1.  The  act  of  immolating,  or  the  state  of  being immolated, or
   sacrificed. Sir. T. Browne.

   2. That which is immolated; a sacrifice.


   Im"mo*la`tor  (?),  n. [L.] One who offers in sacrifice; specifically,
   one  of  a  sect  of  Russian fanatics who practice self-mutilatio and

                                Immold, Immould

   Im*mold",  Im*mould" (?), v. t. To mold into shape, or form. [Obs.] G.


   Im*mo"ment  (?), a. [See Immomentous.] Trifling. [R.] "Immoment toys."


   Im`mo*men"tous  (?),  a.  [Pref.  im- not + momentous.] Not momentous;
   unimportant; insignificant. [R.] A. Seward.


   Im*mor"al  (?), a. [Pref. im- not + moral: cf. F. immoral.] Not moral;
   inconsistent  with  rectitude,  purity,  or  good  morals; contrary to
   conscience  or  the  divine  law;  wicked; unjust; dishonest; vicious;
   licentious;  as,  an  immoral  man;  an  immoral deed. Syn. -- Wicked;
   sinful;   criminal;  vicious;  unjust;  dishonest;  depraved;  impure;
   unchaste; profligate; dissolute; abandoned; licentious; lewd; obscene.


   Im`mo*ral"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Immoralities (#). [Cf. F. immoralit\'82.]

   1. The state or quality of being immoral; vice.

     The root of all immorality. Sir W. Temple.

   2. An immoral act or practice.

     Luxury   and   sloth  and  then  a  great  drove  of  heresies  and
     immoralities broke loose among them. Milton.


   Im*mor"al*ly (?), adv. In an immoral manner; wickedly.


   Im`mo*rig"er*ous  (?), a. [Pref. im- not + morigerous.] Rude; uncivil;
   disobedient. [Obs.] -- Im`mo*rig"er*ous*ness, n. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.


   Im*mor"tal  (?),  a.  [L. immortalis; pref. im- not + mortalis mortal:
   cf. F. immortel. See Mortal, and cf. Immortelle.]

   1.  Not  mortal;  exempt from liability to die; undying; imperishable;
   lasting forever; having unlimited, or eternal, existance.

     Unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible. 1 Tim. i. 17.

     For  my  soul,  what  can  it do to that, Being a thing immortal as
     itself? Shak.

   2. Connected with, or pertaining to immortability.

     I have immortal longings in me. Shak.

   3.  Destined  to  live in all ages of this world; abiding; exempt from
   oblivion; imperishable; as, immortal fame.

     One of the few, immortal names, That were not born yo die. Halleck.

   4. Great; excessive; grievous. [Obs.] Hayward.
   Immortal   flowers,   imortelles;   everlastings.   Syn.  --  Eternal;
   everlasting;  never-ending; ceaseless; perpetual; continual; enduring;
   endless; imperishable; incorruptible; deathless; undying.


   Im*mor"tal  (?),  n.  One  who will never cease to be; one exempt from
   death, decay, or annihilation. Bunyan.


   Im*mor"tal*ist,  n.  One  who holds the doctrine of the immortality of
   the soul. [R.] Jer. Taylor.


   Im`mor*tal"i*ty  (?), n.; pl. Immortalities (#). [L. immortalitas: cf.
   F. immortalit\'82.]

   1.  The  quality  or state of being immortal; exemption from death and
   annihilation; unending existance; as, the immortality of the soul.

     This mortal must put on immortality. 1 Cor. xv. 53.

   2. Exemption from oblivion; perpetuity; as, the immortality of fame.


   Im*mor`tal*i*za"tion  (?),  n.  The  act of immortalizing, or state of
   being immortalized.


   Im*mor"tal*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Immortalized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Immortalizing (?).] [Cf. F. immortaliser.]

   1. To render immortal; to cause to live or exist forever. S. Clarke.

   2. To exempt from oblivion; to perpetuate in fame.

     Alexander had no Homer to immortalize his quilty name. T. Dawes.


   Im*mor"tal*ize, v. i. To become immortal. [R.]


   Im*mor"tal*ly, adv. In an immortal manner.


   Im`mor*telle"  (?), n.; pl. Immortelles (#). [F. See Immortal.] (Bot.)
   A plant with a conspicuous, dry, unwithering involucre, as the species
   of Antennaria, Helichrysum, Gomphrena, etc. See Everlasting.


   Im*mor`ti*fi*ca"tion  (?),  n.  Failure  to mortify the passions. [R.]
   Jer. Taylor.


   Im*mov"a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality or state of being immovable;
   fixedness;   steadfastness;   as,   immovability   of  a  heavy  body;
   immovability of purpose.


   Im*mov"a*ble (?), a.

   1.  Incapable  of being moved; firmly fixed; fast; -- used of material
   things; as, an immovable foundatin.

     Immovable, infixed, and frozen round. Milton.

   2. Steadfast; fixed; unalterable; unchangeable; -- used of the mind or
   will; as, an immovable purpose, or a man who remain immovable.

   3.  Not  capable of being affected or moved in feeling or by sympathy;
   unimpressible; impassive. Dryden.

   4.  (Law.)  Not  liable  to  be removed; permanent in place or tenure;
   fixed; as, an immovable estate. See Immovable, n. Blackstone.
   Immovable  apparatus  (Med.),  an appliance, like the plaster of paris
   bandage,  which  keeps  fractured  parts firmly in place. -- Immovable
   feasts (Eccl.), feasts which occur on a certain day of the year and do
   not depend on the date of Easter; as, Christmas, the Epiphany, etc.


   Im*mov"a*ble, n.

   1. That which can not be moved.

   2.  pl.  (Civil  Law)  Lands and things adherent thereto by nature, as
   trees;  by  the  hand  of  man, as buildings and their accessories; by
   their  destination,  as seeds, plants, manure, etc.; or by the objects
   to which they are applied, as servitudes. Ayliffe. Bouvier.


   Im*mov"a*ble*ness, n. Quality of being immovable.


   Im*mov"a*bly, adv. In an immovable manner.


   Im*mund"  (?), a. [L.immundus; pref. im- not + mundus clean.] Unclean.
   [R.] Burton.


   Im`mun*dic"i*ty   (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  immondicit\'82,  L.  immunditia,
   immundities.] Uncleanness; filthness. [R.] W. Montagu.


   Im*mune"  (?),  a.  [L.  immunis.  See Immunity.] Exempt; protected by
   inoculation. -- Im*mu"nize (#), v. t.


   Im*mu"ni*ty  (?),  n.;  pl. Immunities (#). [L. immunitas, fr. immunis
   free  from  a  public  service;  pref.  im-  not  + munis complaisant,
   obliging, cf. munus service, duty: cf. F. immunit\'82. See Common, and
   cf. Mean, a.]

   1.  Freedom  or  exemption  from any charge, duty, obligation, office,
   tax,  imposition, penalty, or service; a particular privilege; as, the
   immunities  of  the  free  cities  of  Germany;  the immunities of the

   2. Freedom; exemption; as, immunity from error.


   Im*mure"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Immured (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Immuring.] [Pref. im- in + mure: cf. F. emmurer.]

   1. To wall around; to surround with walls. [Obs.] Sandys.

   2. To inclose whithin walls, or as within walls; hence, to shut up; to
   imprison; to incarcerate.

     Those tender babes Whom envy hath immured within your walls. Shak.

     This  huge  convex of fire, Outrageous to devour, immures us round.


   Im*mure", n. A wall; an inclosure. [Obs.] Shak.


   Im*mure"ment  (?),  n.  The  act  iif  immuring, or the state of being
   immured; imprsonment.


   Im*mu"sic*al (?), a. Inharmonious; unmusical; discordant. Bacon.


   Im*mu`ta*bil"i*ty  (?), n. [L. immutabilitas: cf. F. immutabilit\'82.]
   The state or quality of being immutable; immutableness. Heb. vi. 17.


   Im*mu"ta*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  immutabilis;  pref.  im-  not + mutabilis
   mutable.  See  Mutable.]  Not  mutable;  not capable or susceptible of
   change; unchangeable; unalterable.

     That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to
     lie, we might have a strong consolation. Heb. vi. 18.

     Immutable, immortal, infinite, Eternal King. Milton.

   -- Im*mu"ta*ble*ness, n. -- Im*mu"ta*bly, adv.

   Page 733


   Im*mu"tate  (?),  a.  [L.  immutatus,  p.  p. of immature.] Unchanged.


   Im"mu*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  immutatio,  from immutare, immutatum, to
   change. See Immute.] Change; alteration; mutation. [R.] Dr. H. More.


   Im*mute"  (?), v. t. [L. immutare, immutatum; perf. im- in + mutare to
   change : cf. OF. immuter.] To change or alter. [Obs.] J. Salkeld.


   Imp  (?),  n.  [OE. imp a graft, AS. impa; akin to Dan. ympe, Sw. ymp,
   prob. fr. LL. impotus, Gr. be. See 1st In-, Be.]

   1. A shoot; a scion; a bud; a slip; a graft. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. An offspring; progeny; child; scion. [Obs.]

     The tender imp was weaned. Fairfax.

   3.  A  young  or  inferior  devil;  a little, malignant spirit; a puny
   demon; a contemptible evil worker.

     To mingle in the clamorous fray Of squabbling imps. Beattie.

   4.  Something added to, or united with, another, to lengthen it out or
   repair  it,  --  as, an addition to a beehive; a feather inserted in a
   broken  wing  of  a  bird; a length of twisted hair in a fishing line.
   [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   Imp,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Imped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Imping.] [AS.
   impian  to  imp,  ingraft,  plant;  akin  to Dan. ympe, Sw. ympa, OHG.
   impf\'d3n, impit\'d3n, G. impfen. See Imp, n.]

   1. To graft; to insert as a scion. [Obs.] Rom. of R.

   2.  (Falconry)  To  graft  with  new  feathers, as a wing; to splice a
   broken  feather.  Hence,  Fig.:  To repair; to extend; to increase; to
   strengthen to equip. [Archaic]

     Imp out our drooping country's broken wing. Shak.

     Who lazily imp their wings with other men's plumes. Fuller. Here no
     frail Muse shall imp her crippled wing. Holmes.

     Help, ye tart satirists, to imp my rage With all the scorpions that
     should whip this age. Cleveland.


   Im*pa"ca*ble (?), a. [L. pref. im- not + pacare to quiet. See Pacate.]
   Not to be appeased or quieted. [Obs.] Spenser. -- Im*pa"ca*bly, adv.


   Im*pack"ment (?), n. [Pref. im- in + pack.] The state of being closely
   surrounded, crowded, or pressed, as by ice. [R.] Kane.


   Im*pact"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Impacted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Impacting.]  [L. impactus, p. p. of impingere to push, strike against.
   See  Impinge.] To drive close; to press firmly together: to wedge into
   a place. Woodward.


   Im"pact (?), n.

   1.  Contact or impression by touch; collision; forcible contact; force

     The quarrel, by that impact driven. Southey.

   2. (Mech.) The single instantaneous stroke of a body in motion against
   another either in motion or at rest.


   Im*pact"ed  (?),  a.  Driven  together  or  close.  Impacted  fracture
   (Surg.),  a fracture in which the fragments are driven into each other
   so as to be immovable.


   Im*pac"tion (?), n. [L. impactio a striking : cf. F. impaction.]

   1.  (Surg.)  The  driving of one fragment of bone into another so that
   the  fragments  are  not movable upon each other; as, impaction of the
   skull or of the hip.

   2.  An  immovable packing; (Med.), a lodgment of something in a strait
   or  passage of the body; as, impaction of the fetal head in the strait
   of  the pelvis; impaction of food or feces in the intestines of man or


   Im*paint"  (?), v. t. To paint; to adorn with colors. [R.] "To impaint
   his cause." Shak.


   Im*pair"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp  &  p.  p.  Impaired (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impairing.]  [Written  also  empair.]  [OE.  empeiren,  enpeiren,  OF.
   empeirier,  empirier,  F.  empirer,  LL. impejorare; L. pref. im- in +
   pejorare  to  make worse, fr. pejor worse. Cf. Appair.] To make worse;
   to   diminish   in   quantity,  value,  excellence,  or  strength;  to
   deteriorate; as, to impair health, character, the mind, value.

     Time sensibly all things impairs. Roscommon.

     In years he seemed, but not impaired by years. Pope.

   Syn.  --  To diminish; decrease; injure; weaken; enfeeble; debilitate;
   reduce; debase; deteriorate.


   Im*pair", v. t. To grow worse; to deteriorate. Milton.


   Im"pair (?), a. [F. impair uneven, L. impar; im- not + par equal.] Not
   fit or appropriate. [Obs.]


   Im*pair" (?), n. Diminution; injury. [Obs.]


   Im*pair"er (?), n. One who, or that which, impairs.


   Im*pair"ment  (?),  n. [OE. enpeirement, OF. empirement.] The state of
   being impaired; injury. "The impairment of my health." Dryden.


   Im*pal"a*ta*ble (?), a. Unpalatable. [R.]


   Im*pale"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Impaled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impaling.] [See 2d Empale.]

   1.  To pierce with a pale; to put to death by fixing on a sharp stake.
   See Empale.

     Then with what life remains, impaled, and left To writhe at leisure
     round the bloody stake. Addison.

   2. To inclose, as with pales or stakes; to surround.

     Impale him with your weapons round about. Shak.

     Impenetrable, impaled with circling fire. Milton.

   3.  (Her.)  To  join,  as  two  coats of arms on one shield, palewise;
   hence, to join in honorable mention.

     Ordered  the admission of St. Patrick to the same to be matched and
     impaled with the blessed Virgin in the honor thereof. Fuller.


   Im*pale"ment (?), n.

   1. The act of impaling, or the state of being impaled. Byron.

   2.  An  inclosing  by  stakes  or  pales, or the space so inclosed. H.

   3. That which hedges in; inclosure. [R.] Milton.

   4.  (Her.)  The  division of a shield palewise, or by a vertical line,
   esp.  for  the purpose of putting side by side the arms of husband and
   wife. See Impale, 3.


   Im*pal"la (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The pallah deer of South Africa.


   Im*pal"lid (?), v. t. To make pallid; to blanch. [Obs.] Feltham.


   Im*palm" (?), v. t. To grasp with or hold in the hand. [R.] J. Barlow.


   Im*pal`pa*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. [Cf. F. impalpabilit\'82.] The quality of
   being impalpable. Jortin.


   Im*pal"pa*ble (?), a. [Pref. im- not + palpable: cf. F. impalpable.]

   1.  Not palpable; that cannot be felt; extremely fine, so that no grit
   can be perceived by touch. "Impalpable powder." Boyle.

   2.  Not  material;  intangible;  incorporeal.  "Impalpable,  void, and
   bodiless." Holland.

   3.  Not  apprehensible, or readily apprehensible, by the mind; unreal;
   as, impalpable distinctions.


   Im*pal"pa*bly, adv. In an impalpable manner.


   Im*pal"sy (?), v. t. To palsy; to paralyze; to deaden. [R.]


   Im*pa"nate  (?),  a. [LL. impanatus, p. p. of impanare to impanate; L.
   pref.  im-  in + panis bread.] Embodied in bread, esp. in the bread of
   the eucharist. [Obs.] Cranmer.


   Im*pa"nate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Impanated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impanating.]  To  embody in bread, esp. in the bread of the eucharist.


   Im"pa*na"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. impanation. See Impanate, a.] (Eccl.)
   Embodiment  in bread; the supposed real presence and union of Christ's
   material  body  and  blood  with  the substance of the elements of the
   eucharist  without  a  change  in  their nature; -- distinguished from
   transubstantiation,   which   supposes  a  miraculous  change  of  the
   substance of the elements. It is akin to consubstantiation.


   Im*pa"na*tor  (?),  n.  [LL.]  (Eccl.)  One  who holds the doctrine of


   Im*pan"el (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impaneled (?) or Impanelled; p. pr.
   &  vb.  n.  Impaneling  or  Impanelling.]  [Pref.  im- in + panel. Cf.
   Empanel.] [Written also empanel.] To enter in a list, or on a piece of
   parchment, called a panel; to form or enroll, as a list of jurors in a
   court of justice. Blackstone.


   Im*pan"el*ment  (?), n. The act or process of impaneling, or the state
   of being impaneled.


   Im*par"a*dise  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imparadised (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Imparadising  (?).] [Pref. im- + paradise: cf. F. emparadiser.] To
   put in a state like paradise; to make supremely happy. "Imparadised in
   one another's arms." Milton.


   Im*par"al*leled (?), a. Unparalleled. [Obs.]


   Im*par"don*a*ble  (?), a. [Cf. F. impardonnable.] Unpardonable. [Obs.]


   Im*par`i*dig"i*tate  (?),  a.  [L.  impar  unequal  + digitus finger.]
   (Anat.) Having an odd number of fingers or toes, either one, three, or
   five, as in the horse, tapir, rhinoceros, etc.


   Im*per"i*pin"nate  (?),  a.  [L.  impar  unequal + E. pinnate.] (Bot.)
   Pinnate with a single terminal leaflet.


   Im*par"i*syl*lab"ic  (?),  a.  [L. impar unequal + E. syllabic: cf. F.
   imparisyllabique.]  (Gram.)  Not  consisting  of  an  equal  number of
   syllables;  as,  an  imparisyllabic  noun,  one which has not the same
   number  of  syllables  in  all  the  cases;  as, lapis, lapidis; mens,


   Im*par"i*ty (?), n. [Pref. im- + parity: cf. F. imparit\'82.]

   1.  Inequality;  disparity; disproportion; difference of degree, rank,
   excellence, number, etc. Milton.

   2. Lack of comparison, correspondence, or suitableness; incongruity.

     In  this  region  of  merely  intellectual  notion  we  are at once
     encountered  by the imparity of the object and the faculty employed
     upon it. I. Taylor.

   3. Indivisibility into equal parts; oddness. [R.]


   Im*park"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Imparked (?), p. pr. & vb. n.
   Imparking.]  [Cf.  Empark.]  To  inclose  for  a park; to sever from a
   common; hence, to inclose or shut up.

     They . . . impark them [the sheep] within hurdles. Holland.


   Im*parl"  (?),  v.  i.  [OF.  emparler;  pref. em- (L. in) + parler to
   speak. See In, prep., and Parley.]

   1. To hold discourse; to parley. [Obs.] Sir. T. North.

   2.  (Law)  To  have  time  before  pleading;  to have delay for mutual
   adjustment. Blackstone.


   Im*par"lance   (?),  n.  [Cf.  Emparlance,  Parlance.]  [Written  also

   1. Mutual discourse; conference. [Obs.]

   2.  (Law)  (a)  Time  given  to  a  party to talk or converse with his
   opponent,  originally  with  the  object of effecting, if possible, an
   amicable  adjustment of the suit. The actual object, however, has long
   been merely to obtain further time to plead, answer to the allegations
   of the opposite party. (b) Hence, the delay or continuance of a suit.

     NOTE: &hand; Im parlance an d co ntinuance by  imparlance have been
     abolished in England.

   Wharton (Law Dict. ).


   Im*par`son*ee" (?), a. [OF. empersone. See 1st In-, and Parson.] (Eng.
   Eccl.  Law) Presented, instituted, and inducted into a rectory, and in
   full possession. -- n. A clergyman so inducted.


   Im*part"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Imparted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Imparting.]  [OF.  impartir,  empartir, L. impartire, impertire; pref.
   im-  in  + partire to part, divide, fr. pars, partis, part, share. See
   Part, n. ]

   1. To bestow a share or portion of; to give, grant, or communicate; to
   allow  another  to partake in; as, to impart food to the poor; the sun
   imparts warmth.

     Well may he then to you his cares impart. Dryden.

   2. To obtain a share of; to partake of. [R.] Munday.

   3. To communicate the knowledge of; to make known; to show by words or
   tokens; to tell; to disclose.

     Gentle lady, When I did first impart my love to you. Shak.

   Syn.  --  To  share;  yield;  confer;  convey;  grant;  give;  reveal;
   disclose; discover; divulge. See Communicate.


   Im*part" (?), v. i.

   1. To give a part or share.

     He  that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none. Luke
     iii. 11.

   2. To hold a conference or consultation. Blackstone.


   Im*part"ance (?), n. Impartation.


   Im`par*ta"tion (?), n. The act of imparting, or the thing imparted.

     The necessity of this impartation. I. Taylor.


   Im*part"er (?), n. One who imparts.


   Im*par"tial  (?),  a. [Pref. im- not + partial: cf. F. impartial.] Not
   partial;  not  favoring  one  more  than  another; treating all alike;
   unprejudiced; unbiased; disinterested; equitable; fair; just. Shak.

     Jove is impartial, and to both the same. Dryden.

     A comprehensive and impartial view. Macaulay.


   Im*par"tial*ist, n. One who is impartial. [R.] Boyle.


   Im*par`ti*al"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. impartialit\'82.] The quality of
   being  impartial;  freedom from bias or favoritism; disinterestedness;
   equitableness;  fairness;  as, impartiality of judgment, of treatment,

     Impartiality strips the mind of prejudice and passion. South.


   Im*par"tial*ly (?), a. In an impartial manner.


   Im*par"tial*ness, n. Impartiality. Sir W. Temple.


   Im*part`i*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   The   quality  of  being  impartible;
   communicability. Blackstone.


   Im*part`i*bil"i*ty, n. [Cf. F. impartibilit\'82.] The quality of being
   incapable of division into parts; indivisibility. Holland.


   Im*part"i*ble  (?),  a.  [From  Impart.]  Capable of being imparted or


   Im*part"i*ble,  a.  [Pref. im- not + partible: cf. F. impartible.] Not
   partible;  not  subject  to  partition; indivisible; as, an impartible
   estate. Blackatone.


   Im*part"ment  (?), n. The act of imparting, or that which is imparted,
   communicated, or disclosed. [R.]

     It  beckons  you  to  go away with it, As if it some impartment did
     desire To you alone. Shak.


   Im*pass"a*ble (?), a. [Cf. Unpassable.] Incapable of being passed; not
   admitting  a  passage;  as,  an  impassable  road,  mountain, or gulf.
   Milton. -- Im*pass"a*ble*ness, n. -- Im*pass"a*bly, adv.


   Im*pas`si*bil"i*ty    (?),    a.    [L.    impassibilitas:    cf.   F.
   impassibilit\'82.]  The  quality  or  condition  of  being impassible;
   insusceptibility of injury from external things.


   Im*pas"si*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  impassibilis; pref. im- not + passibilis
   passable:  cf.  F.  impassible. See Passible.] Incapable of suffering;
   inaccessible to harm or pain; not to be touched or moved to passion or
   sympathy;  unfeeling,  or  not  showing  feeling;  without  sensation.
   "Impassible to the critic." Sir W. Scott.

     Secure  of  death,  I  should  contemn  thy  dart Though naked, and
     impassible depart. Dryden.


   Im*pas"si*ble*ness, n. Impassibility.


   Im*pas"sion  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  im-  in  +  passion. Cf. Empassion,
   Impassionate,  v.]  To move or affect strongly with passion. [Archaic]


   Im*pas"sion*a*ble (?), a. Excitable; susceptible of strong emotion.


   Im*pas"sion*ate (?), a. Strongly affected. Smart.


   Im*pas"sion*ate  (?),  v.  t.  To  affect  powerfully;  to  arouse the
   passions of. Dr. H. More.


   Im*pas"sion*ate  (?), a. [Pref. im- not + passionate.] Without passion
   or feeling. Burton.


   Im*pas"sioned  (?), p. p. & a. Actuated or characterized by passion or
   zeal;  showing  warmth  of  feeling; ardent; animated; excited; as, an
   impassioned orator or discourse.


   Im*pas"sive  (?),  a. Not susceptible of pain or suffering; apathetic;
   impassible; unmoved.

     Impassive as the marble in the quarry. De Quincey.

     On the impassive ice the lightings play. Pope.

   -- Im*pas"sive*ly, adv. -- Im*pas"sive*ness, n.


   Im`pas*siv"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being insusceptible of feeling,
   pain, or suffering; impassiveness.


   Im`pas*ta"tion (?), n. [F. See Impaste.] The act of making into paste;
   that  which  is  formed  into  a  paste  or  mixture;  specifically, a
   combination of different substances by means of cements.


   Im*paste"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Impasted;  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Impasting.] [Pref. im- in + paste: cf. It. impastare, OF. empaster, F.
   emp\'83ter. See 1st In- and Paste.]

   1.  To  knead; to make into paste; to concrete. "Blood . . . baked and
   impasted." Shak.

   2.  (Paint.)  To  lay  color  on  canvas  by  uniting  them skillfully
   together. [R.] Cf. Impasto.


   Im*past"ing, (Paint.) The laying on of colors to produce impasto.


   Im*pas"to  (?),  n.  [It.  See Impaste.] (Paint.) The thickness of the
   layer  or  body  of  pigment applied by the painter to his canvas with
   especial  reference to the juxtaposition of different colors and tints
   in forming a harmonious whole. Fairholt.


   Im*pas"ture  (?),  v.  t.  To  place  in a pasture; to foster. [R.] T.


   Im*pat"i*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  impatibilis;  pref.  im-  not + patibilis
   supportable. See Patible.]

   1. Not capable of being borne; impassible.

     A spirit, and so impatible of material fire. Fuller.


   Im*pa"tience   (?)   n.   [OE.   impacience,  F.  impatience,  fr.  L.
   impatientia.]  The  quality  of  being impatient; want of endurance of
   pain,  suffering,  opposition,  or delay; eagerness for change, or for
   something  expected;  restlessness;  chafing  of  spirit; fretfulness;
   passion; as, the impatience of a child or an invalid.

     I  then,  .  .  .  Out  of  my  grief  and  my impatience, Answered
     neglectingly. Shak.

     With  huge  impatience  he inly swelt More for great sorrow that he
     could  not  pass,  Than  for  the  burning  torment  which he felt.

   Page 734


   Im*pa"tien*cy (?), n. Impatience. [Obs.]


   Im*pa"ti*ens  (?),  n.  [L.,  impatient.]  (Bot.)  A  genus of plants,
   several  species  of  which  have very beautiful flowers; -- so called
   because the elastic capsules burst when touched, and scatter the seeds
   with  considerable  force.  Called  also  touch-me-not, jewelweed, and
   snapweed. I. Balsamina (sometimes called lady's slipper) is the common
   garden balsam.


   Im*pa"tient  (?),  a.  [OE. impacient, F. impatient, fr. L. impatiens;
   pref. im- not + patiens patient. See Patient.]

   1.  Not  patient;  not  bearing  with  composure;  intolerant; uneasy;
   fretful;  restless,  because  of pain, delay, or opposition; eager for
   change,  or  for  something  expected;  hasty;  passionate;  --  often
   followed by at, for, of, and under.

     A violent, sudden, and impatient necessity. Jer. Taylor.

     Fame, impatient of extremes, decays Not more by envy than excess of
     praise. Pope.

     The  impatient man will not give himself time to be informed of the
     matter that lies before him. Addison.

     Dryden was poor and impatient of poverty. Macaulay.

   2. Not to be borne; unendurable. [Obs.] Spenser.

   3.  Prompted  by, or exhibiting, impatience; as, impatient speeches or
   replies.  Shak.  Syn.  --  Restless;  uneasy;  changeable; hot; eager;
   fretful; intolerant; passionate.


   Im*pa"tient, n. One who is impatient. [R.]


   Im*pa"tient*ly, adv. In an impatient manner.


   Im*pat`ron*i*za"tion  (?), n. Absolute seignory or possession; the act
   of investing with such possession. [R.] Cotgrave.


   Im*pat"ron*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impatronized (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Impatronizing  (?).]  To  make  lord or master; as, to impatronize
   one's self of a seigniory. [R.] Bacon.


   Im*pave" (?), v. t. To pave. [Poetic]

     Impaved with rude fidelity Of art mosaic. Wordsworth.


   Im*pav"id (?), a. [L. impavidus. See In- not, and Pavid.] Fearless. --
   Im*pav"id*ly, adv.


   Im*pawn"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Impawned (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impawning.] [Pref. im- + pawn: cf. Empawn.] To put in pawn; to pledge.


   Im*peach"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Impeached (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impeaching.]  [OE. empeechier to prevent, hinder, bar, F. emp\'88cher,
   L.  impedicare  to  entangle;  pref.  im- in + pedica fetter, fr. pes,
   pedis, foot. See Foot, and Appeach, Dispatch, Impede.]

   1. To hinder; to impede; to prevent. [Obs.]

     These  ungracious  practices of his sons did impeach his journey to
     the Holy Land. Sir J. Davies.

     A defluxion on my throat impeached my utterance. Howell.

   2.  To  charge  with  a crime or misdemeanor; to accuse; especially to
   charge   (a   public  officer),  before  a  competent  tribunal,  with
   misbehavior  in  office;  to  cite  before a tribunal for judgement of
   official   misconduct;  to  arraign;  as,  to  impeach  a  judge.  See

   3.  Hence, to charge with impropriety; to dishonor; to bring discredit
   on; to call in question; as, to impeach one's motives or conduct.

     And doth impeach the freedom of the state. Shak.

   4.  (Law)  To  challenge  or  discredit  the  credibility  of, as of a
   witness, or the validity of, as of commercial paper.

     NOTE: &hand; When used in law with reference to a witness, the term
     signifies, to discredit, to show or prove unreliable or unworthy of
     belief;  when  used in reference to the credit of witness, the term
     denotes, to impair, to lessen, to disparage, to destroy. The credit
     of  a  witness  may  be  impeached  by  showing  that  he  has made
     statements  out  of  court  contradictory  to what he swears at the
     trial, or by showing that his reputation for veracity is bad, etc.

   Syn.  --  To  accuse;  arraign;  censure;  criminate;  indict; impair;
   disparage; discredit. See Accuse.


   Im*peach", n. Hindrance; impeachment. [Obs.]


   Im*peach"a*ble  (?),  a. That may be impeached; liable to impeachment;
   chargeable with a crime.

     Owners  of  lands  in  fee simple are not impeachable for waste. Z.


   Im*peach"er (?), n. One who impeaches.


   Im*peach"ment  (?), n. [Cf. F. emp\'88chement.] The act of impeaching,
   or  the  state  of  being  impeached;  as:  (a) Hindrance; impediment;
   obstruction. [Obs.]

     Willing to march on to Calais, Without impeachment. Shak.

   (b) A calling to account; arraignment; especially, of a public officer
   for maladministration.

     The  consequence  of  Coriolanus' impeachment had like to have been
     fatal to their state. Swift.

   (c)  A  calling  in  question  as  to  purity of motives, rectitude of
   conduct,  credibility,  etc.; accusation; reproach; as, an impeachment
   of motives. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; In  England, it is the privilege or right of the House
     of  Commons  to impeach, and the right of the House of Lords to try
     and  determine  impeachments. In the United States, it is the right
     of  the  House  of Representatives to impeach, and of the Senate to
     try and determine impeachments.

   Articles  of  impeachment.  See under Article. -- Impeachment of waste
   (Law), restraint from, or accountability for, injury; also, a suit for
   damages for injury. Abbott.


   Im*pearl"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Impearled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impearling.] [Pref. im- in + pearl: cf. F. emperler.]

   1. To form into pearls, or into that which resembles pearls. [Poetic]

     Dewdrops  which  the  sun  Impearls on every leaf and every flower.

   2.  To  decorate  as  with  pearls or with anything resembling pearls.

     With morning dews impearled. Mrs. Browning.

     The dews of the morning impearl every thorn. R. Digby.


   Im*pec`ca*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. [Cf. F. impeccabilit\'82.] the quality of
   being impeccable; exemption from sin, error, or offense.

     Infallibility and impeccability are two of his attributes. Pope.


   Im*pec"ca*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  impeccabilis; pref. im- not + peccare to
   err,  to  sin:  cf. F. impeccable.] Not liable to sin; exempt from the
   possibility  of doing wrong. -- n. One who is impeccable; esp., one of
   a sect of Gnostic heretics who asserted their sinlessness.

     God is infallible, impeccable, and absolutely perfect. P. Skelton.


   Im*pec"can*cy (?), n. Sinlessness. Bp. Hall.


   Im*pec"cant (?), a. Sinless; impeccable. Byron.


   Im`pe*cu`ni*os"i*ty (?), n. The state of being impecunious. Thackeray.
   Sir W. Scott.


   Im"pe*cu"ni*ous   (?),  a.  [L.  im-  not  +  pecunia  money:  cf.  F.
   imp\'82cunieux.] Not having money; habitually without money; poor.

     An impecunious creature. B. Jonson.


   Im*pede"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impeded; p. pr. & vb. n. Impeding.]
   [L.  impedire,  lit., to entangle the feet; pref. im- in + pes, pedis,
   foot.  See  Foot, and cf. Impeach.] To hinder; to stop in progress; to
   obstruct; as, to impede the advance of troops.

     Whatever  hinders  or  impedes  The  action  of  the  nobler  will.


   Im*ped"i*ble  (?),  a. Capable of being impeded or hindered. [R.] Jer.


   Im*ped"i*ment (?), n. [L. impedimentum: cf. F. impediment.] That which
   impedes or hinders progress, motion, activity, or effect.

     Thus  far  into  the  bowels of the land Have we marched on without
     impediment. Shak.

   Impediment in speech, a defect which prevents distinct utterance. Syn.
   --  Hindrance;  obstruction;  obstacle;  difficulty;  incumbrance.  --
   Impediment,  Obstacle,  Difficulty, Hindrance. An impediment literally
   strikes  against our feet, checking our progress, and we remove it. An
   obstacle  rises before us in our path, and we surmount or remove it. A
   difficulty  sets before us something hard to be done, and we encounter
   it and overcome it. A hindrance holds us back for a time, but we break
   away from it.

     The eloquence of Demosthenes was to Philip of Macedon, a difficulty
     to  be  met  with  his  best  recources,  ant  obstacle  to his own
     ambition, and an impedimen in his political career. C. J. Smith.


   Im*ped"i*ment, v. t. To impede. [R.] Bp. Reynolds.


   Im*ped`i*men"tal  (?),  a.  Of the nature of an impediment; hindering;
   obstructing; impeditive.

     Things so impediental to success. G. H. Lewes.


   Im"pe*dite  (?),  a.  [L.  impeditus,  p.  p.  See  Impede.] Hindered;
   obstructed. [R.] Jer. Taylor.


   Im"pe*dite, v. t. To impede. [Obs.] Boyle.


   Im"pe*di"tion (?), n. [L. impeditio.] A hindering; a hindrance. [Obs.]


   Im*ped"i*tive  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  imp\'82ditif.]  Causing  hindrance;
   impeding. "Cumbersome, and impeditive of motion." Bp. Hall.


   Im*pel"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Impelled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impelling.]  [L.  impellere; pref. im- in + pellere, pulsum, to drive.
   See Pulse a beat, and cf. Impulse.] To drive or urge forward or on; to
   press on; to incite to action or motion in any way.

     The surge impelled me on a craggy coast. Pope.

   Syn.  --  To instigate; incite; induce; influence; force; drive; urge;
   actuate; move.


   Im*pel"lent  (?),  a.  [L. impellens, p. pr. of impellere.] Having the
   quality of impelling.


   Im*pel"lent, n. An impelling power or force. Glanvill.


   Im*pel"ler (?), n. One who, or that which, impels.


   Im*pen"  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impenned (?) and Impent (; p. pr. &
   vb. n. Impenning.] To shut up or inclose, as in a pen. Feltham.


   Im*pend"  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  impend; pref. im- in + pend to weigh out,
   pay.] To pay. [Obs.] Fabyan.


   Im*pend",  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Impended; p. pr. & vb. n. Impending.]
   [L.  impend\'c7re; pref. im- in + pend\'c7re to hang. See Pendant.] To
   hang  over;  to be suspended above; to threaten frome near at hand; to
   menace; to be imminent. See Imminent.

     Destruction sure o'er all your heads impends. Pope.

                            Impendence, Impendency

   Im*pend"ence  (?), Im*pend"en*cy (?), n. The state of impending; also,
   that which impends. "Impendence of volcanic cloud." Ruskin.


   Im*pend"ent (?), a. [L. impendens, p. pr. of impend\'c7re.] Impending;

     Impendent horrors, threatening hideous fall. Milton.


   Im*pend"ing,  a. Hanging over; overhanging; suspended so as to menace;
   imminet; threatening.

     An impending brow. Hawthorne.

     And nodding Ilion waits th' impending fall. Pope.

   Syn. -- Imminent; threatening. See Imminent.


   Im*pen`e*tra*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. imp\'82n\'82trabilit\'82.]

   1. Quality of being impenetrable.

   2.  (Physics)  That property in virtue of which two portions of matter
   can not at the same time occupy the same portion of space.

   3.   Insusceptibility   of   intellectual   or  emotional  impression;
   obtuseness; stupidity; coldness.


   Im*pen"e*tra*ble   (?),   a.  [L.  impenetrabilis;  pref.  im-  not  +
   penetrabilis penetrable: cf. F. imp\'82n\'82trable.]

   1. Incapable of being penetrated or pierced; not admitting the passage
   of  other  bodies;  not to be entered; impervious; as, an impenetrable

     Highest woods impenetrable To star or sunlight. Milton.

   2.  (Physics)  Having  the  property of preventing any other substance
   from occupying the same space at the same time.

   3.   Inaccessible,   as   to   knowledge,   reason,   sympathy,  etc.;
   unimpressible;  not  to  be  moved  by  arguments  or  motives; as, an
   impenetrable mind, or heart.

     They  will be credulous in all affairs of life, but impenetrable by
     a sermon of the gospel. Jer. Taylor.


   Im*pen"e*tra*ble*ness  (?),  n.  The  quality  of  being impenetrable;


   Im*pen"e*tra*bly,   adv.   In   an   impenetrable   manner  or  state;
   imperviously. "Impenetrably armed." Milton. "Impenetrably dull." Pope.


   Im*pen"i*tence  (?),  n. [L. impenitentia: cf. F. imp\'82nitence.] The
   condition  of being impenitent; failure or refusal to repent; hardness
   of heart.

     He  will  advance  from one degree of wickedness and impenitence to
     another. Rogers.


   Im*pen"i*ten*cy (?), n. Impenitence. Milton.


   Im*pen"i*tent  (?),  a.  [L.  impaenitens;  pref.  im- not + paenitens
   penitens:  cf.  F.  imp\'82nitent.  See  Penitent.]  Not penitent; not
   repenting  of  sin;  not  contrite;  of a hard heart. "They . . . died
   impenitent." Milton. "A careless and impenitent heart." Bp. Hall.


   Im*pen"i*tent, n. One who is not penitent. [R.]


   Im*pen"i*tent*ly, adv. Without repentance.


   Im*pen"nate  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.) Characterized by short wings covered
   with  feathers  resembling  scales,  as the penguins. -- n. One of the


   Im*pen"nes  (?),  n.  pl. [NL., fr. L. pref. im- not + penna feather.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  An  order  of birds, including only the penguins, in which
   the wings are without quills, and not suited for flight.


   Im*pen"nous  (?) a. [L. pref. im- not + penna wing.] (Zo\'94l.) Having
   no wings, as some insects.


   Im*peo"ple  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Impeopled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impeopling  (?).]  [See Empeople.] To people; to give a population to.

     Thou hast helped to impeople hell. Beaumont.


   Im"pe*rant  (?),  a.  [L.  imperans,  p.  pr. of imperare to command.]
   Commanding. [R.] Baxter.


   Im"pe*rate  (?), a. [L. imperatus, p. p. of imperare to command.] Done
   by express direction; not involuntary; communded. [Obs.]

     Those  imperate acts, wherein we see the empire of the soul. Sir M.


   Im*per`a*ti"val  (?),  a.  (Gram.)  Of or pertaining to the imperative


   Im*per"a*tive  (?), a. [L. imperativus, fr. imperare to command; pref.
   im-  in  +  parare  to  make  ready, prepare: cf. F. imp\'82ratif. See
   Perade, and cf. Empire.]

   1. Expressive of command; containing positive command; authoritatively
   or  absolutely  directive;  commanding;  authoritative; as, imperative

     The suit of kings are imperative. Bp. Hall.

   2.  Not  to be avoided or evaded; obligatory; binding; compulsory; as,
   an imperative duty or order.

   3.  (Gram.)  Expressive  of commund, entreaty, advice, or exhortation;
   as, the imperative mood.


   Im*per"a*tive,  n.  (Gram.)  The  imperative mood; also, a verb in the
   imperative mood.


   Im*per"a*tive*ly, adv. In an imperative manner.


   Im`pe*ra"tor  (?),  n.  [L. See Emperor.] (Rom. Antiq.) A commander; a
   leader;  an  emperor;  --  originally an appellation of honor by which
   Roman  soldiers  saluted  their  general  after  an important victory.
   Subsequently  the  title  was  conferred  as  a  recognition  of great
   military  achievements  by  the senate, whence it carried wiht it some
   special  privileges. After the downfall of the Republic it was assumed
   by  Augustus  and  his  successors,  and  came to have the meaning now
   attached to the word emperor.


   Im*per`a*to"ri*al (?), a. [L. imperatorius.]

   1. Commanding; imperative; authoritative.

   2. Of or pertaining to the title or office of imperator. "Imperatorial
   laurels." C. Merivale.


   Im*per`a*to"ri*an (?), a. Imperial. [R.] Gauden.


   Im*per"a*to*ry (?), a. Imperative. [R.]


   Im`per*ceiv"a*ble    (?),    a.    Imperceptible.   [R.]   South.   --
   Im`per*ceiv"a*ble*ness, n. Sharp.


   Im`per*ceived" (?), a. Not perceived. [Obs.]


   Im`per*cep`ti*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.  The  state  or  quality  of  being


   Im`per*cep"ti*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  im-  not  +  perceptible:  cf. F.
   imperceptible.]  Not perceptible; not to be apprehended or cognized by
   the souses; not discernible by the mind; not easily apprehended.

     Almost imperceptible to the touch. Dryden.

     Its  operation  is  slow,  and  in some cases almost imperceptible.

   -- Im`per*cep"ti*ble*ness, n. -- Im`per*cep"ti*bly, adv.

     Their . . . subility and imperceptibleness. Sir M. Hale.


   Im`per*cep"tion (?), n. Want of perception.


   Im`per*cep"tive (?), a. Unable to perceive.

     The imperceptive part of the soul. Dr. H. More.


   Im`per*cip"i*ent  (?),  a. Not perceiving, or not able to perceive. A.


   Im*per`di*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. The state or quality of being imperdible.
   [Obs.] Derham.


   Im*per"di*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  im- not + L. perdere to destroy.] Not
   destructible. [Obs.] -- Im*per"di*bly, adv. [Obs.]


   Im*per"fect  (?),  a.  [L.  imperfectus:  pref.  im-  not  + perfectus
   perfect: cf. F imparfait, whence OE. imparfit. See Perfect.]

   1.  Not  perfect;  not  complete  in  all  its  parts; wanting a part;
   deective; deficient.

     Something he left imperfect in the state. Shak.

     Why, then, your other senses grow imperfect. Shak.

   2. Wanting in some elementary organ that is essential to successful or
   normal activity.

     He  .  .  . stammered like a child, or an amazed, imperfect person.
     Jer. Taylor.

   3. Not fulfilling its design; not realizing an ideal; not conformed to
   a   standard   or  rule;  not  satisfying  the  taste  or  conscience;
   esthetically or morally defective.

     Nothing imperfect or deficient left Of all that he created. Milton.

     Then say not man's imperfect, Heaven in fault; Say rather, man's as
     perfect as he ought. Pope.

   Imperfect  arch,  an  arch  of less than a semicircle; a skew arch. --
   Imperfect  cadence (Mus.), one not ending with the tonic, but with the
   dominant  or  some  other  chord; one not giving complete rest; a half
   close.  --  Imperfect  consonances  (Mus.),  chords like the third and
   sixth, whose ratios are less simple than those of the fifth and forth.
   --  Imperfect  flower  (Bot.),  a  flower  wanting  either  stamens or
   pistils.  Gray. -- Imperfect interval (Mus.), one a semitone less than
   perfect; as, an imperfect fifth. -- Imperfect number (Math.), a number
   either  greater  or  less than the sum of its several divisors; in the
   former  case,  it is called also a defective number; in the latter, an
   abundant  number.  --  Imperfect  obligations (Law), obligations as of
   charity  or  gratitude,  which cannot be enforced by law. -- Imperfect
   power  (Math.), a number which can not be produced by taking any whole
   number  or vulgar fraction, as a factor, the number of times indicated
   by  the  power; thus, 9 is a perfect square, but an imperfect cube. --
   Imperfect  tense  (Gram),  a tense expressing past time and incomplete

   Page 735


   Im*per"fect (?), n. (Gram.) The imperfect tense; or the form of a verb
   denoting the imperfect tense.


   Im*per"fect, v. t. To make imperfect. [Obs.]


   Im`per*fec`ti*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.  The  state  or  quality  of  being
   imperfectible. [R.]


   Im`per*fec"ti*ble (?), a. Incapable of being mad perfect. [R.]


   Im`per*fec"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  imperfectio:  cf. F. imperfection. See
   Imperfect,  a.]  The  quality or condition of being imperfect; want of
   perfection; incompleteness; deficiency; fault or blemish.

     Sent to my account With all my imperfections on my head. Shak.

   Syn.  -- Defect; deficiency; incompleteness; fault; failing; weakness;
   frailty; foible; blemish; vice.


   Im*per"fect*ness, n. The state of being imperfect.


   Im*per"fo*ra*ble   (?),  a.  [See  Imperforate.]  Incapable  of  being
   perforated, or bored through.


   Im*per"fo*ra"ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Imperforate.]  (Zo\'94l.) A
   division  of  Foraminifera,  including those in which the shell is not

                           Imperforate, Imperforated

   Im*per"fo*rate  (?),  Im*per"fo*ra"ted  (?),  a.  [L.  pref. im- not +
   perforatus,  p.  p.  of  perforate  to  perforate. See Perforate.] Not
   perforated; having no opening or aperture. Sir J. Banks.


   Im*per`fo*ra"tion  (?),  n. [Cf. F. imperforation.] The state of being
   without perforation.


   Im*pe"ri*al  (?),  a. [OE. emperial, OF. emperial, F. imp\'82rial, fr.
   L. imperialis, fr. imperium command, sovereignty, empire. See Empire.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining to an empire, or to an emperor; as, an imperial
   government; imperial authority or edict.

     The last That wore the imperial diadem of Rome. Shak.

   2.  Belonging to, or suitable to, supreme authority, or one who wields
   it;  royal;  sovereign;  supreme.  "The imperial democracy of Athens."

     Who, as Ulysses says, opinion crowns With an imperial voice. Shak.

     To  tame  the proud, the fetter'd slave to free, These are imperial
     arts, and worthy thee. Dryden.

     He  sounds  his imperial clarion along the whole line of battle. E.

   3.  Of  superior  or  unusual  size or excellence; as, imperial paper;
   imperial tea, etc.
   Imperial  bushel,  gallon,  etc.  See Bushel, Gallon, etc. -- Imperial
   chamber,  the,  the  sovereign  court  of  the  old  German empire. --
   Imperial  city,  under  the first German empire, a city having no head
   but  the  emperor.  -- Imperial diet, an assembly of all the states of
   the German empire. -- Imperial drill. (Manuf.) See under 8th Drill. --
   Imperial  eagle.  (Zo\'94l.)  See  Eagle. -- Imperial green. See Paris
   green,  under  Green. -- Imperial guard, the royal guard instituted by
   Napoleon  I. -- Imperial weights and measures, the standards legalized
   by the British Parliament.


   Im*pe"ri*al, n. [F. imp\'82riale: cf. Sp. imperial.]

   1.  The  tuft of hair on a man's lower lip and chin; -- so called from
   the style of beard of Napoleon III.

   2. An outside seat on a diligence. T. Hughes.

   3. A luggage case on the top of a coach. Simmonds.

   4. Anything of unusual size or excellence, as a large decanter, a kind
   of  large  photograph,  a large sheet of drowing, printing, or writing
   paper, etc.

   5.  A  gold  coin  of Russia worth ten rubles, or about eight dollars.

   6.  A  kind  of  fine cloth brought into England from Greece. or other
   Eastern countries, in the Middle Ages.


   Im*pe"ri*al*ism (?), n. The power or character of an emperor; imperial
   authority; the spirit of empire.

     Roman imperialism had divided the world. C. H. Pearson.


   Im*pe"ri*al*ist,  n.  [Cf.  F.  imp\'82rialiste.]  One  who  serves an
   emperor; one who favors imperialism.


   Im*pe`ri*al"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Imperialities (.

   1. Imperial power.

   2. An imperial right or privilegs. See Royalty.

     The  late  empress  having,  by  ukases  of grace, relinquished her
     imperialities on the private mines, viz., the tenths of the copper,
     iron, silver and gold. W. Tooke.


   Im*pe"ri*al*ize  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Imperialized (?); p. pr. &
   vb.   n.  Imperializing  (?).]  To  invest  with  imperial  authority,
   character, or style; to bring to the form of an empire. Fuller.


   Im*pe"ri*al*ly, adv. In an imperial manner.


   Im*pe"ri*al*ly (?), n. Imperial power. [R.] Sheldon.


   Im*per"il (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imperiled (?) or Imperilled; p. pr.
   & vb. n. Imperiling or Imperilling.] To bring into peril; to endanger.


   Im*per"il*ment  (?),  n.  The act of imperiling, or the state of being


   Im*pe"ri*ous   (?),  a.  [L.  imperiosus:  cf.  F.  imp\'82rieux.  See

   1.  Commanding;  ascendant; imperial; lordly; majestic. [Obs.] "A vast
   and imperious mind." Tilloison.

     Therefore,  great  lords,  be,  as  your titles witness, Imperious.

   2.  Haughly;  arrogant;  overbearing;  as,  an  imperious  tyrant;  an
   imperious manner.

     This imperious man will work us all From princes into pages. Shak.

     His   bold,  contemptuous,  and  imperious  spirit  soon  made  him
     conspicuous. Macaulay.

   3. Imperative; urgent; compelling.

     Imperious need, which can not be withstood. Dryden.

   Syn.   --  Dictatorial;  haughty;  domineering;  overbearing;  lordly;
   tyrannical; despotic; arrogant; imperative; authoritative; commanding;
   pressing.  --  Imperious,  Lordly,  Domineering.  One who is imperious
   exercises  his  authority  in a manner highly offensive for its spirit
   and  tone;  one  who is lordly assumes a lofty air in order to display
   his  importance;  one who is domineering gives orders in a way to make
   other feel their inferiority.


   Im*pe"ri*ous*ly, adv. In an imperious manner.


   Im*per"ri*ous*nes,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  imperious;
   arrogance; haughtiness.

     Imperiousness  and  severity  is but an ill way of treating men who
     have reason of their own to guide them. Locke.


   Im*per`ish*a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  of  being imperishable:
   indstructibility. "The imperishability of the universe." Milman.


   Im*per"ish*a*ble   (?),  a.  [Pref.  im-  not  +  perishable:  cf.  F.
   imp\'82rissable.]   Not   perisha   ble;   not   subject   to   decay;
   indestructible;  enduringpermanently;  as,  an  imperishable monument;
   imperishable renown. -- Im*per"ish*a*ble*ness, n. -- Im*per"ish*a*bly,


   Im*per"i"wigged (?), a. Wearing a periwig.

                          Impermanence, Impermanency

   Im*per"ma*nence (?), Im*per"ma*nen*cy (?), n. Want of permanence.


   Im*per"ma*nent (?), a. Not permanent.


   Im*per`me*a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Pref.  im- not + permeability: cf. F.
   imperm\'82abilit\'82.] The quality of being impermeable.


   Im*per"me*a*ble   (?),   a.   [Pref.  im-  not  +  permeable:  cf.  F.
   imperm\'82able,  L.  impermeabilis.]  Not  permeable;  not  permitting
   passage,   as   of   a   fluid.  through  its  substance;  impervious;
   impenetrable;  as, India rubber is impermeable to water and to air. --
   Im*per"me*a*ble*ness, n. -- Im*per"me*a*bly, adv.


   Im`per*mis"si*ble (?), a. Not permissible.


   Im`per*scru"ta*ble (?), a. [L. imperscrutabilis.] Not capable of being
   searched  out;  inscrutable.  [Obs.]  --  Im`per*scru"ta*ble*ness,  n.


   Im`per*sev"er*ant (?), a. Not persevering; fickle; thoughtless. [Obs.]


   Im*per"son*al  (?),  a.  [L.  impersonalis; pref. im- not + personalis
   personal:  cf.  F.  impersonnel.  See  Personal.]  Not  personal;  not
   representing a person; not having personality.

     An almighty but impersonal power, called Fate. Sir J. Stephen.

   Impersonal  verb  (Gram.),  a verb used with an indeterminate subject,
   commonly, in English, with the impersonal pronoun it; as, it rains; it
   snows;  methinks  (it  seems to me). Many verbs which are not strictly
   impersonal are often used impersonally; as, it goes well with him.
   Im*per"son*al,  n. That which wants personality; specifically (Gram.),
   an impersonal verb.
   Im*per`son*al"i*ty  (?),  n.  The quality of being impersonal; want or
   absence of personality.
   Im*per"son*al*ly (?), adv. In an impersonal manner.
   Im*per"son*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impersonated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Impersonating.]
   1.  To  invest  with  personality;  to endow with the form of a living
   2. To ascribe the qualities of a person to; to personify.
   3.  To  assume,  or  to  represent,  the  person  or  character of; to
   personate; as, he impersonated Macbeth.
     Benedict impersonated his age. Milman.
                       Impersonation, Impersonification
   Im*per`son*a"tion  (?),  Im`per*son`i*fi*ca"tion  (?),  n.  The act of
   impersonating;    personification;    investment   with   personality;
   representation in a personal form. 


   Im*per"son*a`tor (?), n. One who impersonates; an actor; a mimic.


   Im*per`spi*cu"i*ty (?), n. Want of perspicuity or clearness; vaguness;


   Im`per*spic"u*ous  (?), a. Not perspicuous; not clear; obscure; vague;


   Im`per*suad"a*ble  (?),  a.  [Cf. Impersuasible.] Not to be persuaded;
   obstinate; unyielding; impersuasible. -- Im`per*suad"a*ble*ness, n.


   Im`per*sua"si*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  im-  not  +  persuasible: cf. OF.
   impersuasible.]  Not  persuasible;  not  to  be  moved  by persuasion;
   inflexible; impersuadable. Dr. H. More. -- Im`per*sua`si*bil"i*ty (#),


   Im*per"ti*nence (?), n. [Cf. F. impertinence. See Impertinent.]

   1.   The   condition  or  quality  of  being  impertnent;  absence  of
   pertinence, or of adaptedness; irrelevance; unfitness.

   2.  Conduct  or  language  unbecoming  the person, the society, or the
   circumstances; rudeness; incivility.

     We should avoid the vexation and impertinence of pedants who affect
     to talk in a language not to be understood. Swift.

   3. That which is impertinent; a thing out of place, or of no value.

     There are many subtile impertinences learned in schools. Watts.


   Im*per"ti*nen*cy (?), n. Impertinence. [R.]

     O, matter and impertinency mixed! Reason in madness! Shak.


   Im*per"ti*nent  (?), a. [F., fr. L. impertinens, -entis; pref. im- not
   + pertinens. See Pertinent.]

   1.  Not  pertinent;  not  pertaining  to the matter in hand; having no
   bearing on the subject; not to the point; irrelevant; inapplicable.

     Things that are impertinent to us. Tillotson.

     How impertinent that grief was which served no end! Jer. Taylor.

   2.  Contrary  to, or offending against, the rules of propriety or good
   breeding;  guilty  of, or prone to, rude, unbecoming, or uncivil words
   or actions; as, an impertient coxcomb; an impertient remark.

   3.   Trifing;   inattentive;   frivolous.  Syn.  --  Rude;  officious;
   intrusive;  saucy;  unmannerly;  meddlesome;  disrespectful; impudent;
   insolent.  --  Impertinent, Officious, Rude. A person is officious who
   obtrudes  his  offices  or assistance where they are not needed; he is
   impertinent  when  he  intermeddles  in  things  with  which he has no
   concern.  The  former  shows  a  want  of  tact,  the latter a want of
   breeding,  or, more commonly, a spirit of sheer impudence. A person is
   rude  when  he  violates  the  proprieties  of social life either from
   ignorance  or  wantonness.  "An impertinent man will ask questions for
   the mere grafication of curiosity; a rude man will burst into the room
   of  another, or push against his person, inviolant of all decorum; one
   who is officious is quite as unfortunate as he is troublesome; when he
   strives  to  serve,  he  has  the  misfortune  to  annoy."  Crabb. See
   Impudence, and Insolent.


   Im*per"ti*nent, n. An impertinent person. [R.]


   Im*per"ti*nent*ly,  adv.  In  an  impertinent  manner.  "Not to betray
   myself impertinently." B. Jonson.


   Im`per*tran`si*bil"i*ty   (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being
   impertransible. [R.]


   Im`per*tran"si*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  pref.  im-  not + pertransire to go
   through.  See  Per- and Transient.] Incapable of being passed through.


   Im`per*trub"a*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  imperturbabilis;  pref.  im-  not  +
   perturbare  to  disturb: cf. F. imperturbable. See Perture.] Incapable
   of being disturbed or disconcerted; as, imperturbable gravity.


   Im`per*turb"a*bly,   adv.  In  an  imperturbable  manner;  calmly.  C.


   Im*per`tur*ba"tion  (?), n. [L. imperturbatio.] Freedom from agitation
   of mind; calmness; quietude. W. Montagu.


   Im`per*turbed" (?), a. Not perturbed.


   Im*per`vi*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being imperviable.


   Im*per"vi*a*ble   (?),   a.   Not   pervious;   impervious.   [R.]  --
   Im*per"vi*a*ble*ness, n. [R.]


   Im*per"vi*ous (?), a. [L. impervius; pref. im- not + per through + via
   way.  See  Voyage.] Not pervious; not admitting of entrance or passage
   through; as, a substance impervious to water or air.

     This gulf impassable, impervious. Milton.

     The minds of these zealots were absolutely impervious. Macaulay.

   Syn.  -- Impassable; pathless; impenetrable; imperviable; impermeable.
   -- Im*per"vi*ous*ly, adv. -- Im*per"vi*ous*ness, n.


   Im"per*y (?), n. Empery. [Archaic] Joye.


   Im*pest"  (?),  v.  t.  To  affict with pestilence; to infect, as with
   plague. [Obs.]


   Im*pes"ter (?), v. t. See Pester. [Obs.]


   Im`pe*tig"i*nous (?), a. [L. impetiginous: cf. F. imp\'82tigineux.] Of
   the nature of, or pertaining to, impetigo.


   Im`pe*ti"go  (?), n. [L., fr. impetere to attack.] (Med.) A cutaneous,
   pustular  eruption, not attended with fever; usually, a kind of eczema
   with pustulation.


   Im"pe*tra*ble  (?)  a.  [L.  impetrabilis:  cf.  F. imp\'82trable. See
   Impetrate.]  Capable  of  being  obtained or moved by petition. [Obs.]


   Im"pe*trate  (?),  a.  [L.  impetratus,  p. p. of impetrare to obtain;
   pref. im- in + patrare to bring to pass.] Obtained by entreaty. [Obs.]
   Ld. Herbert.


   Im"pe*trate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impetrated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impetrating (?).] To obtain by request or entreaty. Usher.


   Im`pe*tra"tion (?), n. [L. impetratio: cf. F. imp\'82tration.]

   1.  The  act  of  impetrating,  or  obtaining by petition or entreaty.

     In  way  of  impertation procuring the removal or allevation of our
     crosses. Barrow.

   2. (Old Eng. Law) The obtaining of benefice from Rome by solicitation,
   which  benefice  belonged  to  the  disposal  of the king or other lay
   patron of the realm.


   Im"pe*tra*tive  (?), a. [L. impetrativus obtained by entreaty.] Of the
   nature of impetration; getting, or tending to get, by entreaty. [Obs.]
   Bp. Hall.


   Im"pe*tra*to*ry (?), a. Containing or expressing entreaty. [Obs.] Jer.


   Im*pet`u*os"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. imp\'82tuosit\'82.]

   1. The condition or quality of being impetuous; fury; violence.

   2. Vehemence, or furiousnes of temper. Shak.


   Im*pet"u*ous (?), a. [F. impetueux, L. impetuosus. See Impetus.]

   1.  Rushing  with  force  and  violence; moving with impetus; furious;
   forcible; violent; as, an impetuous wind; an impetuous torrent.

     Went pouring forward with impetuous speed. Byron.

   2.  Vehement  in  feeling;  hasty;  passionate;  violent; as, a man of
   impetuous temper.

     The  people,  on their holidays, Impetuous, insolent, unquenchable.

   Syn.  --  Forcible;  rapid;  hasty;  precipitate; furious; boisterous;
   violent;  raging;  fierce;  passionate.  --  Im*pet"u*ous*ly,  adv. --
   Im*pet"u*ous*ness, n.


   Im"pe*tus (?), n. [L., fr. impetere to rush upon, attack; pref. im- in
   + petere to fall upon, seek. See Petition.]

   1.  A  property possessed by a moving body in virtue of its weight and
   its  motion;  the  force  with  which  any body is driven or impelled;

     NOTE: &hand; Mo mentum is  th e technical term, impetus its popular
     equivalent,  yet  differing  from  it as applied commonly to bodies
     moving  or  moved  suddenly or violently, and indicating the origin
     and   intensity   of  the  motion,  rather  than  its  quantity  or

   2. Fig.: Impulse; incentive; vigor; force. Buckle.

   3. (Gun.) The aititude through which a heavy body must fall to acquire
   a velocity equal to that with which a ball is discharged from a piece.

   Page 736

                               Impeyan pheasant

   Im"pey*an pheas"ant (?). [From Lady Impey, who attempted to naturalize
   the  bird  in  England.]  (Zo\'94l.) An Indian crested pheasant of the
   genus  Lophophorus.  Several  species  are  known. Called also monaul,

     NOTE: &hand; They are remarkable for the bright color and brilliant
     matallic  hues  of  their  plumage.  The  best  known  species  (L.
     Impeyanus)  has  the  neck of a brilliant metallic red, changing to
     golden yellow in certain lights.


   Im"phee (?), n. (Bot.) The African sugar cane (Holcus saccharatus), --
   resembling the sorghum, or Chinese sugar cane.


   Im*pic"tured (?), a. Pictured; impressed. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Im*pierce"  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  im-  in  + pierce. Cf. Empierce.] To
   pierce; to penetrate. [Obs.] Drayton.


   Im*pierce"a*ble  (?)  a.  Not  capable of being pierced; impenetrable.
   [Obs.] Spenser.


   Im*pi"e*ty (?), n.; pl. Impieties (. [L. impietas, fr. impius impious;
   cf. F. impi\'82t\'82. See Impious, Piety.]

   1. The quality of being impious; want of piety; irreverence toward the
   Supreme Being; ungodliness; wickedness.

   2. An impious act; an act of wickednes.

     Those impieties for the which they are now visited. Shak.

   Syn.   --   Ungodliness;   irreligion;   unrighteousness;  sinfulness;
   profaneness; wickedness; godlessness.


   Im*pig"no*rate  (?),  v. t. [LL. impignoratus, p. pl of impignorare to
   pawn. See Pignoration.] To pledge or pawn. [Obs.] Laing.


   Im*pig`no*ra"tion  (?),  n.  [LL. impignoratio: cf. F. impignoration.]
   The  act  of  pawning  or  pledging; the state of being pawned. [Obs.]


   Imp"ing (?), n. [See Imp to graft.]

   1. The act or process of grafting or mending. [Archaic]

   2.  (Falconry) The process of repairing broken feathers or a deficient


   Im*pinge"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Impinged (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impinging  (?).] [L. impingere; pref. im- in + pangere to fix, strike;
   prob.  akin  to pacisci to agree, contract. See Pact, and cf. Impact.]
   To  fall  or  dash against; to touch upon; to strike; to hit; to ciash
   with; -- with on or upon.

     The  cause of reflection is not the impinging of light on the solid
     or impervious parts of bodies. Sir I. Newton.

     But,  in  the  present  order of things, not to be employed without
     impinging on God's justice. Bp. Warburton.


   Im*pinge"ment (?), n. The act of impinging.


   Im*pin"gent (?), a. [L. impingens, p. pr.] Striking against or upon.


   Im*pin"guate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  impinguatus,  p.  p. of impinguare to
   fatten;  pref.  im-  in + pinguis fat.] To fatten; to make fat. [Obs.]


   Im`pin*gua"tion  (?),  n. The act of making fat, or the state of being
   fat or fattened. [Obs.]


   Im"pi*ous  (?),  a. [L. impius; pref. im- not + pius piou. See Pious.]
   Not  pious;  wanting piety; irreligious; irreverent; ungodly; profane;
   wanting  in  reverence  for  the  Supreme  Being; as, an impious deed;
   impious language.

     When vice prevails, and impious men bear away, The post of honor is
     a private station. Addison.

   Syn.  --  Impious,  Irreligious,  Profane.  Irreligious  is  negative,
   impious   and   profane  are  positive.  An  indifferent  man  may  be
   irreligious;  a  profane  man  is irreverent in speech and conduct; an
   impious  man  is  wickedly  and boldly defiant in the strongest sense.
   Profane  also  has  the  milder  sense  of  secular.  C.  J. Smith. --
   Im"pi*ous*ly, adv. -- Im"pi*ous*ness, n.


   Im"pire (?), n. See Umpire. [Obs.] Huloet.


   Imp"ish*ly   (?),   a.   Having   the   qualities,   or   showing  the
   characteristics, of an imp.


   Imp"ish*ly, adv. In the manner of an imp.


   Imp*pit"e*ous (?), a. Pitiless; cruel. [Obs.]


   Im*pla`ca*bil"i*ty    (?),    n.    [L.    implacabilitas:    cf.   F.
   implacabilit\'82.] The quality or state of being implacable.


   Im*pla"ca*ble  (?),  a.  [L. implacabilis; pref. im- not + placabilis:
   cf. F. implacable. See Placable.]

   1.  Not  placable;  not  to  be appeased; incapable of being pacified;
   inexorable; as, an implacable prince.

     I see thou art implacable. Milton.

     An object of implacable enmity. Macaulay.

   2. Incapable of ebign relieved or assuaged; inextinguishable. [R.]

     O! how I burn with implacable fire. Spenser.

     Which  wrought  them  pain  Implacable,  and many a dolorous groan.

   Syn.   --   Unappeasable;   inexorable;  irreconcilable;  unrelenting;
   relentless; unyielding.


   Im*pla"ca*ble*ness   (?),   n.   The   quality  of  being  implacable;


   Im*pla"ca*bly, adv. In an implacable manner.


   Im`pla*cen"tal  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.) Without a placenta, as marsupials
   and monotremes. -- n. A mammal having no placenta.


   Im`pla*cen*ta"li*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See  In- not, and Placental.]
   (Zo\'94l.)   A   primary  division  of  the  Mammalia,  including  the
   monotremes and marsupials, in which no placenta is formed.


   Im*plant"  (?)  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Implanted;  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Implanting.]  [Pref.  im-  in + plant: cf. F. implanter.] To plant, or
   infix,  for  the  purpose  of  growth;  to  fix deeply; to instill; to
   inculate;  to  introduce;  as,  to implant the seeds of virtue, or the
   principles of knowledge, in the minds of youth.

     Minds well implanted with solid . . . breeding. Milton.


   Im`plan*ta"tion  (?),  n. [Cf. F. implantation.] The act or process of


   Im*plate"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Implated;  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Implating.]  To  cover  with plates; to sheathe; as, to implate a ship
   with iron.


   Im*plau`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. Want of plausibility; the quality of being


   Im*plau"si*ble   (?),   a.   [Pref.   im-  not  +  plausible:  cf.  F.
   implausible.]  Not  plausible;  not wearing the appearance of truth or
   credibility,  and  not likely to be believed. "Implausible harangues."
   Swift. -- Im*plau"si*ble*ness, n. -- Im*plau"si*bly, adv.


   Im*pleach" (?), v. t. To pleach; to interweave. [Obs.] Shak.


   Im*plead"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Impleaded;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impleading.]  [Cf.  Emplead.]  (Law) To institute and prosecute a suit
   against,  in  court;  to sue or prosecute at law; hence, to accuse; to


   Im*plead", v. i. To sue at law.


   Im*plead"a*ble  (?),  a.  Not  admitting  excuse,  evasion,  or  plea;
   rigorous. [R.] T. Adams.


   Im*plead"er (?), n. (Law) One who prosecutes or sues another.


   Im*pleas"ing (, a. Unpleasing; displeasing. [Obs.] Overbury.


   Im*pledge" (?), v. t. To pledge. Sir W. Scott.


   Im"ple*ment  (?),  n. [LL. implementum accomplishment, fr. L. implere,
   impletum,  to fill up, finish, complete; pref. im- in + plere to fill.
   The  word was perh. confuse with OF. empleier, emploier, to employ, F.
   employer,  whence  E.  employ.  See  Plenty.]  That  which fulfills or
   supplies  a  want  or  use;  esp., an instrument, toll, or utensil, as
   supplying  a  requisite  to  an  end;  as, the implements of trade, of
   husbandry, or of war.

     Genius must have talent as its complement and implement. Coleridge.


   Im"ple*ment, v. t.

   1. To accomplish; to fulfill. [R.]

     Revenge  .  .  .  executed  and implemented by the hand of Vanbeest
     Brown. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  To  provide  with  an  implement  or  implements;  to  cause to be
   fulfilled,  satisfied,  or  carried  out,  by means of an implement or

     The chief mechanical requisites of the barometer are implemented in
     such an instrument as the following. Nichol.

   3. (Scots Law) To fulfill or perform, as a contract or an engagement.


   Im`ple*men"tal  (?), a. Pertaining to, or characterized by, implements
   or their use; mechanical.


   Im*ple"tion (?), n. [L. impletio. See Implement.]

   1. The act of filling, or the state of being full. Sir T. Browne.

   2. That which fills up; filling. Coleridge.


   Im"plex (?), a. [L. implexus, p. p. of implectere to infold; pref. im-
   in  +  plectere  to  plait:  cf.  F  implexe.]  Intricate;  entangled;
   complicated; complex.

     The  fable  of  every  poem is . . . simple or implex. it is called
     simple  when  there is no change of fortune in it; implex, when the
     fortune  of  the chief actor changes from bad to good, or from good
     to bad. Addison.


   Im*plex"ion (?), n. [L. implexio.] Act of involving, or state of being
   involved; involution.


   Im*pli"a*ble (?), a. Not pliable; inflexible; inyielding.


   Im"pli*cate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Implicated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Implicating.] [L. implicatus, p. p. of implicare to involve; pref. im-
   in + plicare to fold. See Employ, Ply, and cf. Imply, Implicit.]

   1. To infold; to fold together; to interweave.

     The meeting boughs and implicated leaves. Shelley.

   2.  To  bring into connection with; to involve; to connect; -- applied
   to  persons, in an unfavorable sense; as, the evidence implicates many
   in  this  conspiracy;  to  be  implicated  in a crime, a discreditable
   transaction, a fault, etc.


   Im`pli*ca"tion (?), n. [L. implicatio: cf. F. implication.]

   1. The act of implicating, or the state of being implicated.

     Three  principal  causes  of firmness are. the grossness, the quiet
     contact, and the implication of component parts. Boyle.

   2.  An  implying,  or  that  which  is  implied, but not expressed; an
   inference,  or  something  which  may fairly be understood, though not
   expressed in words.

     Whatever things, therefore, it was asserted that the king might do,
     it  was  a necessary implication that there were other things which
     he could not do. Hallam.


   Im"pli*ca*tive (?), a. Tending to implicate.


   Im"pli*ca*tive*ly, adv. By implication. Sir G. Buck.


   Im*plic"it  (?),  a.  [L.  implicitus,  p. p. of implicare to entwine,
   entangle, attach closely: cf. F. implicite. See Implicate.]

   1. Infolded; entangled; complicated; involved. [Obs.] Milton.

     In his woolly fleece I cling implicit. Pope.

   2. Tacitly comprised; fairly to be understood, though not expressed in
   words; implied; as, an implicit contract or agreement. South.

   3.  Resting  on another; trusting in the word or authority of another,
   without  doubt  or  reserve;  unquestioning;  complete;  as,  implicit
   confidence; implicit obedience.

     Back again to implicit faith I fall. Donne.

   Implicit function. (Math.) See under Function.


   Im*plic"it*ly (?), adv.

   1. In an implicit manner; without reserve; with unreserved confidence.

     Not  to  dispute  the  methods  of  his  providence, but humbly and
     implicitly to acquiesce in and adore them. Atterbury.

   2.  By  implication;  impliedly;  as, to deny the providence of God is
   implicitly to deny his existence. Bentley.


   Im*plic"it*ness, n. State or quality of being implicit.


   Im*plic"i*ty (?), n. Implicitness. [Obs.] Cotgrave.


   Im*plied"   (?),  a.  Virtually  involved  or  included;  involved  in
   substance;  inferential;  tacitly  conceded;  --  the  correlative  of
   express, or expressed. See Imply.


   Im*pli"ed*ly (?), adv. By implication or inference. Bp. Montagu.


   Im*plod"ed (?), a. (Phon.) Formed by implosion. Ellis.


   Im*plod"ent (?), n. (Phon.) An implosive sound. Ellis.


   Im`plo*ra"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  imploratio:  cf.  OF.  imploration. See
   Implore.] The act of imploring; earnest supplication. Bp. Hall.


   Im"plo*ra`tor (?), n. One who implores. [Obs.]

     Mere implorators of unholy suits. Shak.


   Im*plor"a*to*ry (?), a. Supplicatory; entreating. [R.] Carlyle.


   Im*plore"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Implored (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Imploring.]  [L.  implorare;  pref. im- in + plorare to cry aloud. See
   Deplore.]  To  call upon, or for, in supplication; to beseech; to prey
   to, or for, earnestly; to petition with urency; to entreat; to beg; --
   followed  directly  by  the  word  expressing the thing sought, or the
   person from whom it is sought.

     Imploring all the gods that reign above. Pope.

     I kneel, and then implore her blessing. Shak.

   Syn.   --  To  beseech;  supplicate;  crave;  entreat;  beg;  solicit;
   petition; prey; request; adjure. See Beseech.


   Im*plore", v. i. To entreat; to beg; to prey.


   Im*plore", n. Imploration. [Obs.] Spencer.


   Im*plor"er (?), n. One who implores.


   Im*plor"ing,    a.   That   implores;   beseeching;   entreating.   --
   Im*plor"ing*ly, adv.


   Im*plo"sion  (?), n. [Formed by substitution of pref. im- in for pref.
   ex- in explosion.]

   1.  A  burstion  inwards,  as  of a vessel from which the air has been
   exhausted; -- contrasted with explosion.

   2.   (Phon.)   A   sudden   compression  of  the  air  in  the  mouth,
   simultaneously with and affecting the sound made by the closure of the
   organs  in uttering p, t, or k, at the end of a syllable (see Guide to
   Pronunciation,  159,  189);  also,  a similar compression made by an
   upward thrust of the larynx without any accompanying explosive action,
   as in the peculiar sound of b, d, and g, heard in Southern Germany. H.


   Im*plo"sive  (?),  a.  (Phon.) Formed by implosion. -- n. An implosive
   sound, an implodent. -- Im*plo"sive*ly, adv. H. Sweet.


   Im*plumed"   (?),   a.   Not   plumed;  without  plumes  or  feathers;
   featherless. [R.] Drayton.


   Im*plunge" (?), v. t. To plunge. Fuller.


   Im*plu"vi*um  (?),  n.  [L., fr. impluere to rain into; pref. im- in +
   pluere to rain.] (Arch.) In Roman dwellings, a cistern or tank, set in
   the  atrium  or peristyle to recieve the water from the roof, by means
   of the compluvium; generally made ornamental with flowers and works of
   art around its birm.


   Im*ply"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Implied  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Implying.]  [From  the same source as employ. See Employ, Ply, and cf.
   Implicate, Apply.]

   1.  To  infold  or  involve;  to  wrap  up.  [Obs.] "His head in curls
   implied." Chapman.

   2.  To  involve  in  substance or essence, or by fair inference, or by
   construction  of  law,  when  not  include  virtually; as, war implies

     Where  a mulicious act is proved, a mulicious intention is implied.
     Bp. Sherlock.

     When  a  man  employs  a  laborer to work for him, . . . the act of
     hiring  implies an obligation and a promise that he shall pay him a
     reasonable reward for his services. Blackstone.

   3. To refer, ascribe, or attribute. [Obs.]

     Whence might this distaste arise?

     If  [from]  neither your perverse and peevish will. To which I most
     imply it. J. Webster.

     Syn.  --  To  involve;  include;  comprise;  import;  mean; denote;
     signify; betoken. See Involve.


     Im*poi"son  (?),  v.  t. [Cf. Empoison.] To poison; to imbitter; to


     Im*poi"son*er (?), n. A poisoner. [Obs.] Beau. & Fi.


     Im*poi"son*ment (?), n. [Cf. Empoisonment.] The act of poisoning or
     impoisoning. [Obs.] Pope.

                             Impolarily, Impolarly

     Im*po"lar*i*ly  (?), Im*po"lar*ly (?), adv. Not according to or in,
     the direction of the poles. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


     Im*pol"i*cy  (?),  n. The quality of being impolitic; inexpedience;
     unsuitableness  to  the end proposed; bads policy; as, the impolicy
     of fraud. Bp. Horsley.


     Im`po*lite"  (?),  a.  [L.  impolitus  unpolishied, pref. im- not +
     politus,  p.  p.  of  polire  to  polish,  refine. See Polite.] Not
     polite;   not   of  polished  manners;  wanting  in  good  manners;
     discourteous;    uncivil;   rude.   --   Im`po*lite"ly,   adv.   --
     Im`po*lite"ness, n.


     Im*pol"i*tic (?), a. [Pref. im- not + politic; cf. F. impolitique.]
     Not politic; contrary to, or wanting in, policy; unwise; imprudent;
     indiscreet; inexpedient; as, an impolitic ruler, law, or measure.

     The  most  unjust  and  impolitic  of all things, unequal taxation.

     Syn. -- Indiscreet; inexpedient; undiplomatic.

     Page 737


     Im`po*lit"i*cal  (?),  a.  Impolitic. [Obs.] -- Im`po*lit"i*cal*ly,
     adv. [Obs.] Bacon.


     Im*pol"i*tic*ly (?), adv. In an impolitic manner.


     Im*pol"i*tic*ness, n. The quality of being impolitic.


     Im*pon`der*a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. [Cf. F. impond\'82rabilit\'82.] The
     quality or state of being imponderable; imponderableness.


     Im*pon"der*a*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  im-  not  +  ponderable: cf. F.
     impond\'82rable.]  Not  ponderable; without sensible or appreciable
     weight; incapable of being weighed.


     Im*pon"der*a*ble,  n.  (Physics) An imponderable substance or body;
     specifically, in the plural, a name formely applied to heat, light,
     electricity, and magnetism, regarded as subtile flyids destitute of
     weight but in modern science little used.


     Im*pon"der*a*ble*ness,   n.   The   quality   or   state  of  being


     Im*pon"der*ous  (?),  a.  Imponderable.  [Obs.]  Sir  T. Browne. --
     Im*pon"der*ous*ness, n. [Obs.]


     Im*pone"  (?),  v. t. [L. imponere, impositum, to place upon; pref.
     im-  in  +  ponere  to place. See Position.] To stake; to wager; to
     pledge. [Obs.]

     Against  the which he has imponed, as I take it, six French rapiers
     and poniards. Shak.


     Im*poo"fo (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The eland. [Written also impoofoo.]


     Im*poon" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The duykerbok.


     Im*poor" (?), v. t. To impoverish. [Obs.]


     Im`po*ros"i*ty   (?),   n.  [Perf.  im-  not  +  porosity:  cf.  F.
     imporosit\'82.]  The  state  or  quality of being imporous; want of
     porosity;  compactness.  "The . . . imporosity betwixt the tangible
     parts." Bacon.


     Im*por"ous  (?),  a.  Destitute  of pores; very close or compact in
     texture; solid. Sir T. Browne.


     Im*port"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Imported; p. pr. & vb. n.
     Importing.] [L. importare to bring in, to occasion, to cause; pref.
     im-  in  + portare to bear. Sense 3 comes through F. importer, from
     the Latin. See Port demeanor.]

     1.  To bring in from abroad; to introduce from without; especially,
     to  bring  (wares  or  merchandise)  into a place or country from a
     foreign  country,  in  the  transactions of commerce; -- opposed to
     export. We import teas from China, coffee from Brasil, etc.

     2.  To  carry  or  include,  as  meaning or intention; to imply; to

     Every  petition  .  .  .  doth  .  . . always import a multitude of
     speakers together. Hooker.

     3.  To be of importance or consequence to; to have a bearing on; to

     I have a motion much imports your good. Shak.

     If I endure it, what imports it you? Dryden.

     Syn.  --  To  denote;  mean;  sighify;  imply;  indicate;  betoken;
     interest; concern.


     Im*port",  v. i. To signify; to purport; to be of moment. "For that
     . . . importeth to the work." Bacon.


     Im"port (?), n.

     1. Merchandise imported, or brought into a country from without its
     boundaries; -- generally in the plural, opposed to exports.

     I  take  the imports from, and not the exports to, these conquests,
     as  the  measure  of  these  advantages which we derived from them.

     2.  That  which  a  word,  phrase,  or  document  contains  as  its
     signification  or  intention  or  interpretation of a word, action,
     event, and the like.

     3. Importance; weight; consequence.

     Most serious design, and the great import. Shak.


     Im*port"a*ble  (?),  a. [Cf. F. importable. See Import.] Capable of
     being imported.


     Im*port"a*ble,  a.  [L.  importabilis;  pref.  im- not + portabilis
     bearable:  cf.  OF.  importable.  See Portable.] Not to be endured;
     insupportable;  intolerable. [Obs.] Chaucer. -- Im*port"a*ble*ness,
     n. [Obs.]


     Im*por"tance (?), n. [F. importance. See Important.]

     1.  The  quality  or state of being important; consequence; weight;
     moment; significance.

     Thy  own  importance  know,  Nor  bound  thy narrow views to things
     below. Pope.

     2. Subject; matter. [Obs.]

     Upon importance of so slight and trivial a nature. Shak.

     3. Import; meaning; significance. [Obs.]

     The  wisest  beholder  could  not say if the importance were joy or
     sorrow. Shak.

     4. Importunity; solicitation. [Obs.]

     At our importance hither is he come. Shak.


     Im*por"tan*cy  (?),  n. Importance; significance; consequence; that
     which is important. [Obs.] Shak. "Careful to conceal importancies."


     Im*por"tant (?), a. [F. important. See Import, v. t.]

     1.  Full  of, or burdened by, import; charged with great interests;
     restless; anxious. [Obs.]

     Thou  hast  strength  as  much  As  serves  to  execute a mind very
     important. Chapman.

     2.  Carrying  or  possessing  weight  or  consequence;  of valuable
     content or bearing; significant; weighty.

     Things small as nothing . . . He makes important. Shak.

     3. Bearing on; forcible; driving. [Obs.]

     He  fiercely  at him flew, And with important outrage him assailed.

     4.  Importunate;  pressing;  urgent.  [Obs.] Shak. Syn. -- Weighty;
     momentous;   significant;   essential;   necessary;   considerable;
     influential; serious.


     Im*por"tant*ly, adv. In an important manner.


     Im`por*ta"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. importation. See Import, v. t.]

     1. The act of carrying, conveying, or delivering. [R.]

     2.  The act or practice of importing, or bringing into a country or
     state; -- opposed to exportation.

     3.  That  which is imported; commodities or wares introduced into a
     country from abroad.


     Im*port"er  (?),  n. One who imports; the merchant who brings goods
     into a country or state; -- opposed to exporter.


     Im*port"ing, a. Full of meaning. [Obs.] Shak.


     Im*port"less, a. Void of meaning. [Obs.] Shak.


     Im*por"tu*na*ble (?), a. Heavy; insupportable. [Obs.] Sir T. More.


     Im*por"tu*na*cy  (?),  n.  [From Importunate.] The quality of being
     importunate; importunateness.


     Im*por"tu*nate (?), a. [See Importune.]

     1.  Troublesomely  urgent; unreasonably solicitous; overpressing in
     request  or  demand; urgent; teasing; as, an impotunate petitioner,
     curiosity. Whewell.

     2. Hard to be borne; unendurable. [R.] Donne. -- Im*por"tu*nate*ly,
     adv. -- Im*por"tu*nate*ness, n.


     Im*por"tu*na`tor  (?), n. One who importunes; an importuner. [Obs.]
     Sir E. Sandys.


     Im`por*tunee"  (?), a. [F. importun, L. importunus; pref. im- not +
     a  derivative  from the root of portus harbor, importunus therefore
     orig.   meaning,   hard   of  access.  See  Port  harbor,  and  cf.

     1. Inopportune; unseasonable. [Obs.]

     2.  Troublesome; vexatious; persistent; urgent; hence, vexatious on
     account of untimely urgency or perinacious solicitation. [Obs.]

     And their importune fates all satisfied. Spenser.

     Of  all  other  affections  it  [envy]  is  the  most importune and
     continual. Bacon.


     Im`por*tune",  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Importuned (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
     Importuning.] [From Importune, a.: cf. F. importuner.]

     1.  To  request  or  solicit, with urgency; to press with frequent,
     unreasonable,  or troublesome application or pertinacity; hence, to
     tease; to irritate; to worry.

     Their  ministers and residents here have perpetually importuned the
     court with unreasonable demands. Swift.

     2. To import; to signify. [Obs.] "It importunes death." Spenser.


     Im`por*tune", v. i. To require; to demand. [Obs.]

     We shall write to you, As time and our concernings shall importune.


     Im`por*tune"ly, adv. In an importune manner. [Obs.]


     Im`por*tun"er (?), n. One who importunes.


     Im`por*tu"ni*ty  (?),  n.;  pl. Importunities (#). [L. importunitas
     unsuitableness,  rudeness:  cf.  F. importunit\'82.] The quality of
     being  importunate;  pressing  or pertinacious solicitation; urgent
     request;    incessant    or   frequent   application;   troublesome

     O'ercome with importunity and tears. Milton.


     Im*por"tu*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  importuosus; pref.im- not + portuosus
     abounding in harbors, fr. portus harbor.] Without a port or harbor.


     Im*pos"a*ble  (?),  a. [Cf. F. imposable.] Capable of being imposed
     or laid on. Hammond.


     Im*pos"a*ble*ness, n. Quality of being imposable.


     Im*pose"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Imposed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
     Imposing.] [F. imposer; pref. im- in + poser to place. See Pose, v.

     1. To lay on; to set or place; to put; to deposit.

     Cakes  of  salt and barley [she] did impose Within a wicker basket.

     2.  To  lay  as  a  charge, burden, tax, duty, obligation, command,
     penalty, etc.; to enjoin; to levy; to inflict; as, to impose a toll
     or tribute.

     What fates impose, that men must needs abide. Shak.

     Death is the penalty imposed. Milton.

     Thou on the deep imposest nobler laws. Waller.

     3.  (Eccl.)  To  lay  on,  as  the hands, in the religious rites of
     confirmation and ordination.

     4. (Print.) To arrange in proper order on a table of stone or metal
     and lock up in a chase for printing; -- said of columns or pages of
     type, forms, etc.


     Im*pose", v. i. To practice trick or deception.

   To  impose  on  OR  upon,  to  pass  or put a trick on; to delude. "He
   imposes on himself, and mistakes words for things." Locke.
   Im*pose", n. A command; injunction. [Obs.] Shak. 


   Im*pose"ment (?), n. Imposition. [Obs.]


   Im*pos"er (?), n. One who imposes.

     The imposers of these oaths might repent. Walton.


   Im*pos"ing, a.

   1. Laying as a duty; enjoining.

   2.  Adapted  to  impress  forcibly;  impressive;  commanding;  as,  an
   imposing  air;  an  imposing spectacle. "Large and imposing edifices."
   Bp. Hobart.

   3. Deceiving; deluding; misleading.


   Im*pos"ing,  n. (Print.) The act of imposing the columns of a page, or
   the  pages  of a sheet. See Impose, v. t., 4. Imposing stone (Print.),
   the  stone  on which the pages or columns of types are imposed or made
   into forms; -- called also imposing table.


   Im*pos"ing*ly, adv. In an imposing manner.


   Im*pos"ing*ness, n. The quality of being imposing.


   Im`po*si"tion  (?), n. [F., fr. L. impositio the application of a name
   to a thing. See Impone.]

   1.  The  act  of imposing, laying on, affixing, enjoining, inflicting,
   obtruding, and the like. "From imposition of strict laws." Milton.

     Made more solemn by the imposition of hands. Hammond.

   2.  That  which  is  imposed,  levied,  or  enjoined;  charge; burden;
   injunction; tax.

   3.   (Eng.  Univ.)  An  extra  exercise  enjoined  on  students  as  a
   punishment. T. Warton.

   4.  An  excessive,  arbitrary, or unlawful exaction; hence, a trick or
   deception put on laid on others; cheating; fraud; delusion; imposture.

     Reputation is an idle and most false imposition. Shak.

   5.  (Eccl.)  The act of laying on the hands as a religious ceremoy, in
   ordination, confirmation, etc.

   6.  (Print.)  The  act or process of imosing pages or columns of type.
   See Impose, v. t., 4. Syn. -- Deceit; fraud; imposture. See Deception.


   Im*pos`si*bil"i*ty    (?),    n.;   pl.   Impossibilities   (#).   [L.
   impossibilitas: cf. F. impossibilit\'82.]

   1. The quality of being impossible; impracticability.

     They confound difficulty with impossibility. South.

   2.  An  impossible  thing;  that  which  can  not be thought, done, or

     Impossibilities! O, no, there's none. Cowley.

   3. Inability; helplessness. [R.] Latimer.
   Logical    impossibility,   a   condition   or   statement   involving
   contradiction  or absurdity; as, that a thing can be and not be at the
   same time. See Principle of Contradiction, under Contradiction.


   Im*pos"si*ble  (?),  a.  [F.,  fr.  L.  impossibilis;  pref. im- not +
   possibilis  possible.  See Possible.] Not possible; incapable of being
   done,  of  existing, etc.; unattainable in the nature of things, or by
   means  at  command;  insuperably  difficult  under  the circumstances;
   absurd or impracticable; not feasible.

     With  men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible.
     Matt. xix. 26.

     Without faith it is impossible to please him. Heb. xi. 6.

   Impossible quantity (Math.), an imagnary quantity. See Imaginary. Syn.
   -- See Impracticable.


   Im*pos"si*ble, n. An impossibility. [Obs.]

     "Madam," quoth he, "this were an impossible!" Chaucer.


   Im*pos"si*bly, adv. Not possibly. Sir. T. North.


   Im"post  (?), n. [OF. impost, F. impot, LL. impostus, fr. L. impostus,
   p. p. of imponere to impose. See Impone.]

   1.  That  which  is  imposed  or  levied;  a  tax,  tribute,  or duty;
   especially,  a  duty or tax laid by goverment on goods imported into a

     Even  the ship money . . . Johnson could not pronounce to have been
     an unconstitutional impost. Macaulay.

   2.  (Arch.)  The  top member of a pillar, pier, wall, etc., upon which
   the weight of an arch rests.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e im post is  called continuous, if the moldings of
     the arch or architrave run down the jamb or pier without a break.

   Syn. -- Tribute; excise; custom; duty; tax.


   Im*post"hu*mate (?), v. t. [See Imposthume.] To apostemate; to form an
   imposthume or abscess. Arbuthnot.


   Im*post"hu*mate,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Imposthumated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Imposthumating (?).] To affect with an imposthume or abscess.


   Im*post"hu*mate (?), a. Imposthumated.


   Im*post`hu*ma"tion (?), n.

   1.   The   act  of  forming  an  abscess;  state  of  being  inflamed;

   2. An abscess; an imposthume. Coxe.


   Im*post"hume  (?),  n.  [A  corruption  of  aposteme. See Aposteme.] A
   collection of pus or purulent matter in any part of an animal body; an


   Im*post"hume, v. t. & i. Same as Imposthumate.


   Im*pos"tor  (?),  n.  [L.  impostor a deceiver, fr. imponere to impose
   upon,  deceive. See Impone.] One who imposes upon others; a person who
   assumes  a  character  or  title  not  his  own,  for  the  purpose of
   deception;  a  pretender. "The fraudulent impostor foul." Milton. Syn.
   -- Deceiver; cheat; rogue. See Deceiver.


   Im*pos"tor*ship,  n.  The  condition,  character,  or  practice  of an
   impostor. Milton.

                             Impostress, Impostrix

   Im*pos"tress (?), Im*pos"trix (?), n. [LL. impostrix. See Impostor.] A
   woman who imposes upon or deceives others. [R.] Fuller.


   Im*pos"trous   (?),   n.   Characterized   by   imposture;  deceitful.
   "Impostrous pretense of knowledge." Grote.


   Im*pos"tur*age (?), n. Imposture; cheating. [R.] Jer. Taylor.


   Im*pos"ture  (?), n. [L. impostura: cf. F. imposture. See Impone.] The
   act  or  conduct  of an impostor; deception practiced under a false or
   assumed character; fraud or imposition; cheating.

     From  new  legends  And fill the world with follies and impostures.

   Syn. -- Cheat; fraud; trick; imposition; delusion.


   Im*pos"tured (?), a. Done by imposture. [Obs.]


   Im*pos"tur*ous (?), a. Impostrous; deceitful.

     Strictness fales and impostrous. Beau. & Fl.


   Im*pos"tur*y (?), n. Imposture. [Obs.] Fuller.

                             Impotence, Impotency

   Im"po*tence   (?),  Im"po*ten*cy  (?),  n.  [L.  impotenia  inability,
   poverty, want of moderation. See Impotent.]

   1.  The  quality  or  condition of being impotent; want of strength or
   power,   animal,   intellectual,   or   moral;  weakness;  feebleness;
   inability; imbecility.

     Some  were  poor  by  impotency  of  nature;  as  young  fatherless
     children, old decrepit persons, idiots, and cripples. Hayward.

     O, impotence of mind in body strong! Milton.

   2. Want of self-restraint or self-control. [R.] Milton.

   3.  (Law  & Med.) Want of procreative power; inability to copulate, or
   beget children; also, sometimes, sterility; barrenness.


   Im"po*tent  (?), a. [F. impotent, L. impotens, -entis; pref. im- not +
   potens potent, powerful. See Potent.]

   1.  Not  potent;  wanting power, strength. or vigor. whether physical,
   intellectual,  or  moral;  deficient  in capacity; destitute of force;
   weak; feeble; infirm.

     There  sat  a certain man at Lystra, impotent inhis feet. Acts xiv.

     O most lame and impotent conclusion! Shak.

     Not slow to hear, Nor impotent to save. Addison.

   2.  Wanting  the  power of self-restraint; incontrolled; ungovernable;

     Impotent of tongue, her silence broke. Dryden.

   3.  (Med.) Wanting the power of procreation; unable to copulate; also,
   sometimes, sterile; barren.


   Im"po*tent, n. One who is imoitent. [R.] Shak.


   Im"po*tent*ly, adv. In an impotent manner.


   Im*pound"  (,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Impounded;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Impounding.]  To  shut  up  or  place  in an inclosure called a pound;
   hence, to hold in the custody of a court; as, to impound stray cattle;
   to impound a document for safe keeping.

     But taken and impounded as a stray, The king of Scots. Shak.

   Page 738


   Im*pound"age (?), n.

   1. The act of impounding, or the state of being impounded.

   2. The fee or fine for impounding.


   Im*pound"er (?), n. One who impounds.


   Im*pov"er*ish  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impoverished (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Impoverishing.]  [OF. empovrir; pref. em- (L. in) + povre poor, F.
   pauvre;  cf. OF. apovrir, F. appauvrir, where the prefix is a-, L. ad.
   Cf. Empoverish, and see Poor, and -ish.]

   1. To make poor; to reduce to poverty or indigence; as, misfortune and
   disease impoverish families.

   2.  To  exhaust  the  strength,  richness,  or  fertility  of; to make
   sterile; as, to impoverish land.


   Im*pov"er*ish*er (?), n. One who, or that which, impoverishes.


   Im*pov"er*ish*ment   (?),   n.   [Cf.   OF.  empoverissement,  and  F.
   appauvrissement.]  The  act  of  impoverishing,  or the state of being
   impoverished; reduction to poverty. Sir W. Scott.


   Im*pow"er (?), v. t. See Empower.


   Imp"-pole` (, n. (Building) A pole for supporting a scaffold.


   Im*prac`ti*ca*bil"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Impracticabilities (.

   1.  The  state  or  quality  of  being  impracticable;  infeasibility.

   2. An impracticable thing.

   3. Intractableness; stubbornness.


   Im*prac"ti*ca*ble (?), a.

   1.  Not  practicable; incapable of being performed, or accomplished by
   the  means  employed,  or at command; impossible; as, an impracticable

   2.  Not  to  be  overcome,  presuaded, or controlled by any reasonable
   method;  unmanageable;  intractable; not capable of being easily dealt
   with; -- used in a general sense, as applied to a person or thing that
   is difficult to control or get along with.

     This  though,  impracticable heart Is governed by a dainty-fingered
     girl. Rowe.

     Patriotic  butloyal  men  went  away  disguested  afresh  with  the
     impracticable arrogance of a sovereign. Palfrey.

   3.  Incapable  of being used or availed of; as, an impracticable road;
   an   impracticable   method.   Syn.   --  Impossible;  infeasible.  --
   Impracticable, Impossible. A thing is impracticable when it can not be
   accomplished  by  any  human  means  at  present possessed; a thing is
   impossible  when  the  laws  of  nature forbid it. The navigation of a
   river  may  now  be  impracticable,  but  not  impossible, because the
   existing  obstructions  may  yet be removed. "The barons exercised the
   most despotic authority over their vassals, and every scheme of public
   utility  was rendered impracticable by their continued petty wars with
   each  other."  Mickle.  "With men this is impossible, but with God all
   things are possible." Matt. xix. 26.


   Im*prac"ti*ca*ble*ness,   n.   The   state   or   quality   of   being
   impracticable; impracticability.


   Im*prac"ti*ca*bly, adv. In an impracticable manner.

     Morality not impracticably rigid. Johnson.


   Im*prac"ti*cal (?), a. Not practical.


   Im"pre*cate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imprecated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Imprecating  (?).]  [L.  imprecatus,  p. p. of imprecari to imprecate;
   pref. im- in, on + precari to pray. See Pray.]

   1. To call down by prayer, as something hurtful or calamitous.

     Imprecate the vengeance of Heaven on the guilty empire. Mickle.

   2. To invoke evil upon; to curse; to swear at.

     In  vain we blast the ministers of Fate, And the forlorn physicians
     imprecate. Rochester.


   Im`pre*ca"tion (?), n. [L. imprecatio: cf. F. impr\'82cation.] The act
   of  imprecating,  or unvoking evil upon any one; a player that a curse
   or calamnity may fall on any one; a curse.

     Men cowered like slaves before such horrid imprecations. Motley.

   Syn. -- Malediction; curse; execration; anathema. See Malediction.


   Im"pre*ca*to*ry  (?), a. Of the nature of, or containing, imprecation;
   invokingevil; as, the imprecatory psalms.


   Im`pre*ci"sion (?), n. Want of precision. [R.]


   Im*pregn"   (?),   v.  t.  [Cf.  F.  impregner.  See  Impregnate.]  To
   impregnate; to make fruitful. [Obs.]

     His perniciousss words, impregned With reason. Milton.

     Semele doth Bacchus bear Impregned of Jove. Dr. H. More.


   Im*preg`na*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being impregnable;


   Im*preg"na*ble  (?),  a.  [F.  imprenable;  pref.  im-  not + prenable
   pregnable,  fr. prendre to take, L. prehendere. See Comprehend, Get to
   obtain.]  Not  to  be stormed, or taken by assault; incapable of being
   subdued;  able  to  resist  attack;  unconquerable; as, an impregnable
   fortress; impregnable virtue.

     The  man's  affection  remains  wholly unconcerned and impregnable.

   -- Im*preg"na*ble*ness, n. -- Im*preg"na*bly, adv.


   Im*preg"na*ble  (?),  a.  [See  Impregnate.]  (Biol.) Capable of being
   impregnated, as the egg of an animal, or the ovule of a plant.


   Im*preg"nant  (?),  n.  [See Impregnate.] That which impregnates. [R.]


   Im*preg"nant,   a.   [Pref.   im-   not  +  pregnant.]  Not  pregnant;
   unfertilized or infertile. [R.]


   Im*preg"nate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impregnated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impregnating   (?).]  [LL.  impraegnatus,  p.  p.  of  impraegnare  to
   impregnate, fr. L. pref. im- in + praegnans pregnant. See Pregnant.]

   1.  To make pregnant; to cause to conceive; to render prolific; to get
   with child or young.

   2.  (Biol.)  To come into contact with (an ovum or egg) so as to cause
   impregnation; to fertilize; to fecundate.

   3. To infuse an active principle into; to render frutful or fertile in
   any way; to fertilize; to imbue.

   4.  To  infuse particles of another substance into; to communicate the
   quality  of  another  to;  to  cause  to  be filled, imbued, mixed, or
   furnished  (with  something);  as,  to  impregnate  India  rubber with
   sulphur;  clothing  impregnated  with contagion; rock impregnated with


   Im*preg"nate (?), v. i. To become pregnant. Addison.


   Im*preg"nate  (?),  a.  [LL.  impraegnatus,  p.  p.] Impregnated; made

     The  scorching  ray  Here  pierceth  not,  impregnate with disease.


   Im`preg*na"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. impr\'82gnation, LL. impraegnatio.]

   1.  The  act  of  impregnating  or  the  state  of  being impregnated;

   2.  (Biol.)  The  fusion of a female germ cell (ovum) with a male germ
   cell (in animals, a spermatozo\'94n) to form a single new cell endowed
   with  the  power  of  developing into a new individual; fertilization;

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e br oadest bi ological sense, impregnation, or
     sexual  generation,  consists  simply  in  the  coalescence  of two
     similar   masses   of  protoplasmic  matter,  either  derived  from
     different   parts  of  the  same  organism  or  from  two  distinct
     organisms.  From the single mass, which results from the fusion, or
     coalescence, of these two masses, a new organism develops.

   3. That with which anything is impregnated. Derham.

   4. Intimate mixture; influsion; saturation.

   5.  (Mining) An ore deposit, with indefinite boundaries, consisting of
   rock impregnated with ore. Raymond.


   Im`pre*ju"di*cate  (?),  a.  Not  prejuged;  unprejudiced;  impartial.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Im*pre"na*ble (?), a. Impregnable. [Obs.]


   Im*prep`a*ra"tion (?), n. Want of preparation. [Obs.] Hooker.


   Im*pre"sa  (?), n. [It. See Emprise, and cf. Impress, n., 4.] (Her.) A
   device  on  a  shield  or  seal,  or  used as a bookplate or the like.
   [Written also imprese and impress.]

     My  impresa  to  your  lordship;  a  swain  Flying  to a laurel for
     shelter. J. Webster.


   Im`pre*sa"ri*o  (?),  n.;  pl.  Impresarios  (#).  [It.,  from impresa
   enterprise.]  The  projector,  manager,  or  conductor, of an opera or
   concert company.


   Im`pre*scrip`ti*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. [Cf. F. imprescriptibilit\'82.] The
   quality of being imprescriptible.


   Im`pre*scrip"ti*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  im- not + prescriptible: cf. F.

   1.  Not capable of being lost or impaired by neglect, by disuse, or by
   the claims of another founded on prescription.

     The  right of navigation, fishing, and others that may be exercised
     on   the   sea,  belonging  to  the  right  of  mere  ability,  are
     imprescriptible. Vattel (Trans. )

   2.   Not   derived   from,   or   dependent  on,  external  authority;
   self-evidencing; obvious.

     The imprescriptible laws of the pure reason. Colerridge.


   Im`pre*scrip"ti*bly, adv. In an imprescriptible manner; obviously.


   Im*prese" (?), n. A device. See Impresa.

     An  imprese,  as  the Italians call it, is a device in picture with
     his motto or word, borne by noble or learned personages. Camden.


   Im*press"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Impressed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impressing.]  [L.  impressus, p. p. of imprimere to impress; pref. im-
   in, on + premere to press. See Press to squeeze, and cf. Imprint.]

   1.  To  press,  stamp,  or  print  something  in  or  upon; to mark by
   pressure,  or  as  by  pressure;  to  imprint  (that  which  bears the

     His heart, like an agate, with your print impressed. Shak.

   2.  To  produce by pressure, as a mark, stamp, image, etc.; to imprint
   (a mark or figure upon something).

   3.  Fig.:  To  fix  deeply  in  the  mind;  to present forcibly to the
   attention, etc.; to imprint; to inculcate.

     Impress  the motives of persuasion upon our own hearts till we feel
     the force of them. I. Watts.

   4. [See Imprest, Impress, n., 5.] To take by force for public service;
   as, to impress sailors or money.

     The  second  five  thousand pounds impressed for the service of the
     sick and wounded prisoners. Evelyn.


   Im*press", v. i. To be impressed; to rest. [Obs.]

     Such fiendly thoughts in his heart impress. Chaucer.


   Im"press (?), n.; pl. Impresses (.

   1. The act of impressing or making.

   2.  A  mark  made  by  pressure; an indentation; imprint; the image or
   figure  of  anything,  formed by pressure or as if by pressure; result
   produced by pressure or influence.

     The impresses of the insides of these shells. Woodward.

     This weak impress of love is as a figure Trenched in ice. Shak.

   3. Characteristic; mark of distinction; stamp. South.

   4. A device. See Impresa. Cussans.

     To describe . . . emblazoned shields, Impresses quaint. Milton.

   5.  [See Imprest, Press to force into service.] The act of impressing,
   or  taking by force for the public service; compulsion to serve; also,
   that which is impressed.

     Why such impress of shipwrights? Shak.

   Impress  gang,  a  party  of men, with an officer, employed to impress
   seamen  for  ships  of  war;  a press gang. -- Impress money, a sum of
   money  paid,  immediately upon their entering service, to men who have
   been impressed.


   Im*press`i*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.  The  quality  of  being  impressible;


   Im*press"i*ble   (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  impressible.]  Capable  of  being
   impressed;  susceptible;  sensitive.  --  Im*press"i*ble*ness,  n.  --
   Im*press"i*bly, adv.


   Im*pres"sion (?), n. [F. impression, L. impressio.]

   1.  The  act  of  impressing,  or  the  state  of being impressed; the
   communication of a stamp, mold, style, or character, by external force
   or by influence.

   2.  That which is impressed; stamp; mark; indentation; sensible result
   of an influence exerted from without.

     The stamp and clear impression of good sense. Cowper.

     To  shelter  us  from impressions of weather, we must spin, we must
     weave, we must build. Barrow.

   3.  That  which  impresses, or exercises an effect, action, or agency;
   appearance; phenomenon. [Obs.]

     Portentous blaze of comets and impressions in the air. Milton.

     A fiery impression falling from out of Heaven. Holland.

   4. Influence or effect on the senses or the intellect hence, interest,
   concern. Reid.

     His words impression left. Milton.

     Such terrible impression made the dream. Shak.

     I  have a father's dear impression, And wish, before I fall into my
     grave, That I might see her married. Ford.

   5. An indistinct notion, remembrance, or belief.

   6. Impressiveness; emphasis of delivery.

     Which must be read with an impression. Milton.

   7.  (Print.)  The  pressure of the type on the paper, or the result of
   such  pressure,  as  regards its appearance; as, a heavy impression; a
   clear,  or  a  poor,  impression; also, a single copy as the result of
   printing, or the whole edition printed at a given time.

     Ten impressions which his books have had. Dryden.

   8.  In  painting,  the  first  coat  of color, as the priming in house
   painting and the like. [R.]

   9. (Engraving) A print on paper from a wood block, metal plate, or the
   Proof   impression,  one  of  the  early  impressions  taken  from  an
   engraving, before the plate or block is worn.


   Im*pres`sion*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being impressionable.


   Im*pres"ion*a*ble  (?), a. [Cf. F. impressionnable.] Liable or subject
   to impression; capable of being molded; susceptible; impressible.

     He  was  too  impressionable; he had too much of the temperament of
     genius. Motley.

     A pretty face and an impressionable disposition. T. Hook.


   Im*pres"sion*a*ble*ness, n. The quality of being impressionable.


   Im*pres"sion*ism  (?), n. [F. impressionnisme.] (Fine Arts) The theory
   or method of suggesting an effect or impression without elaboration of
   the  details;  --  a  disignation  of a recent fashion in painting and


   Im*pres"sion*ist, n. [F. impressionniste.] (Fine Arts) One who adheres
   to the theory or method of impressionism, so called.


   Im*pres`sion*is"tic  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to,  or  characterized  by,


   Im*pres"sion*less,  a.  Having  the  quality of not being impressed or
   affected; not susceptible.


   Im*press"ive (?), a. [Cf. F. impressif.]

   1. Making, or tending to make, an impression; having power to impress;
   adapted  to  excite attention and feeling, to touch the sensibilities,
   or  affect  the conscience; as, an impressive discourse; an impressive

   2. Capable of being impressed. [Obs.] Drayton. - Im*press"ive*ly, adv.
   -- Im*press"ive*ness, n.


   Im*press"ment  (?),  n.  The  act  of  seizing  for  public use, or of
   impressing   into   public  service;  compulsion  to  serve;  as,  the
   impressment of provisions or of sailors.

     The  great  scandal  of  our naval service -- impressment -- died a
     protracted death. J. H. Burton.


   Im*press"or  (?),  n.  [LL.,  a  printer.]  One  who,  or  that which,
   impresses. Boyle.


   Im*pres"sure  (?),  n.  [Cf.  OF.  impressure,  LL. impressura.] Dent;
   impression. [Obs.] Shak.


   Im*prest"  (,  v.  t.  [  imp.  &  p.  p.  Imprested;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impresting.] [Pref. im- + prest: cf. It. imprestare. See Prest, n.] To
   advance on loan. Burke.


   Im"prest  (?), n. [Cf. It. impresto, imprestito, LL. impraestitum. See
   Imprest,  v.  t.,  and Impress compulsion to serve.] A kind of earnest
   money;  loan; -- specifically, money advanced for some public service,
   as in enlistment. Burke.

     The  clearing of their imprests for what little of their debts they
     have received. Pepys.

                          Imprevalence, Imprevalency

   Im*prev"a*lence  (?),  Im*prev"a*len*cy  (?),  n.  Want of prevalence.


   Im`pre*vent`a*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.  The  state  or  quality  of  being
   impreventable. [R.]


   Im`pre*vent"a*ble (?), a. Not preventable; invitable.


   Im`pri*ma"tur  (?),  n.  [L.,  let  it be printed.] (Law) A license to
   print  or publish a book, paper, etc.; also, in countries subjected to
   the censorship of the press, approval of that which is published.


   Im*prim"er*y  (?), n. [F. imprimerie, fr. imprimer to imprint.] [Obs.]
   (a)  A print; impression. (b) A printing establishment. (c) The art of


   Im*prim"ing   (?),   n.  A  begining.  [Obs.]  "Their  springings  and
   imprimings." Sir H. Wotton.


   Im*pri"mis  (?),  adv. [L., for in primis among the first, chiefly; in
   in + primus first.] In the first place; first in order.


   Im*print"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Imptrinted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Imprinting.]  [OE.  emprenten,  F.  empreint,  p.  p. of empreindre to
   imprint,  fr. L. imprimere to impres, imprint. See 1st In-, Print, and
   cf. Impress.]

   1. To impress; to mark by pressure; to indent; to stamp.

     And sees his num'rous herds imprint her sands. Prior.

   2.  To  stamp  or mark, as letters on paper, by means of type, plates,
   stamps,  or  the like; to print the mark (figures, letters, etc., upon

     Nature  imprints upon whate'er we see, That has a heart and life in
     it, "Be free." Cowper.

   3.  To  fix  indelibly  or  permanently,  as in the mind or memory; to

     Ideas  of  those  two  different things distinctly imprinted on his
     mind. Locke.

   Page 739


   Im"print (?), n. [Cf. F. empreinte impress, stamp. See Imprint, v. t.]
   Whatever  is  impressed  or  imprinted;  the  impress  or mark left by
   something;   specifically,  the  name  of  the  printer  or  publisher
   (usually)  with  the  time  and place of issue, in the title-page of a
   book, or on any printed sheet. "That imprint of their hands." Buckle.


   Im*pris"on  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Imprisoned (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Imprisoning.]  [OE.  enprisonen, OF. enprisoner, F. emprisonner; pref.
   en- (L. in) + F. & OF. prison. See Prison.]

   1.  To  put  in  prison  or  jail; To arrest and detain in custody; to

     He imprisoned was in chains remediles. Spenser.

   2. To limit, restrain, or confine in any way.

     Try to imprison the resistless wind. Dryden.

   Syn. -- To incarcerate; confine; immure.


   Im*pris"on*er (?), n. One who imprisons.

                                 Imprison ment

   Im*pris"on ment (?), n. [OE. enprisonment; F. emprisonnement.] The act
   of  imprisoning,  or  the  state  of  being  imprisoned;  confinement;

     His  sinews  waxen  weak and raw Through long imprisonment and hard
     constraint. Spenser.

     Every  confinement  of the person is an imprisonment, whether it be
     in  a  common  prison,  or  in a private house, or even by foreibly
     detaining one in the public streets. Blackstone.

   False  imprisonment.  (Law)  See  under  False. Syn. -- Incarceration;
   custody; confinement; durance; restraint.


   Im*prob`a*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.;   pl.  Improbabilities  (#).  [Cf.  F.
   improbabilit\'82.]   The   quality   or  state  of  being  improbable;
   unlikelihood;  also,  that which is improbable; an improbable event or


   Im*prob"a*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  improbabilis; pref. im- not + probabilis
   probable:  cf. F. improbable. See Probable.] Not probable; unlikely to
   be  true;  not  to be expected under the circumstances or in the usual
   course of events; as, an improbable story or event.

     He  .  .  .  sent to Elutherius, then bishop of Rome, an improbable
     letter, as some of the contents discover. Milton.

   -- Im*prob"a*ble*ness, n. -- Im*prob"a*bly, adv.


   Im"pro*bate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  improbatus,  p.  p.  of  improbare  to
   disapprove;  pref. im- not + probare to approve.] To disapprove of; to
   disallow. [Obs.]


   Im`pro*ba"tion (?), n. [L. improbatio.]

   1. The act of disapproving; disapprobation.

   2.  (Scots  Law) The act by which falsehood and forgery are proved; an
   action  brought  for  the  purpose  of having some instrument declared
   false or forged. Bell.

                           Improbative, Improbatory

   Im"pro*ba*tive  (?),  Im"pro*ba`to*ry (?), a. Implying, or tending to,


   Im*prob"i*ty (?), n. [L. improbitas; pref. im- not + probitas probity:
   cf. F. improbit\'82.] Lack of probity; want of integrity or rectitude;

     Persons . . . cast out for notorious improbity. Hooker.

                         Improficience, Improficiency

   Im`pro*fi"cience  (?), Im`pro*fi"cien*cy, n. Want of proficiency. [R.]


   Im*prof"it*a*ble   (?),  a.  [Pref.  im-  not  +  profitable:  cf.  F.
   improfitable.] Unprofitable. [Obs.]


   Im`pro*gress"ive   (?),   a.   Not   progressive.   De   Quincey.   --
   Im"pro*gress"ive*ly, adv.


   Im`pro*lif"ic (?), a. [Pref. im- not + prolific: cf. F. improlifique.]
   Not prolific. [Obs.] E. Waterhouse.


   Im`pro*lif"ic*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  im-  in  +  prolificate.]  To
   impregnate. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Im*prompt" (?), a. Not ready. [R.] Sterne.


   Im*promp"tu  (?),  adv.  OR  a.  [F.  impromptu,  fr. L. in promptu in
   readiness,  at  hand;  in  in  +  promptus visibility, readiness, from
   promptus visible, ready. See Prompt.] Offhand; without previous study;
   extemporaneous; extempore; as, an impromptu verse.


   Im*promp"tu, n.

   1.  Something made or done offhand, at the moment, or without previous
   study; an extemporaneous composition, address, or remark.

   2.  (Mus.)  A piece composed or played at first thought; a composition
   in the style of an extempore piece.


   Im*prop"er  (?),  a.  [F.  impropre,  L.  improprius;  pref. im- not +
   proprius proper. See Proper.]

   1.  Not proper; not suitable; not fitted to the circumstances, design,
   or end; unfit; not becoming; incongruous; inappropriate; indecent; as,
   an improper medicine; improper thought, behavior, language, dress.

     Follow'd his enemy king, and did him service, Improper for a slave.

     And  to  their  proper  operation still, Ascribe all Good; to their
     improper, Ill. Pope.

   2. Not peculiar or appropriate to individuals; general; common. [Obs.]

     Not  to be adorned with any art but such improper ones as nature is
     said to bestow, as singing and poetry. J. Fletcher.

   3. Not according to facts; inaccurate; erroneous.
   Improper   diphthong.  See  under  Diphthong.  --  Improper  feud,  an
   originalfeud,  not earned by military service. Mozley & W. -- Improper
   fraction. See under Fraction. 


   Im*prop"er, v. t. To appropriate; to limit. [Obs.]

     He  would  in  like  manner  improper  and  inclose the sunbeams to
     comfort the rich and not the poor. Jewel.


   Im*prop`er*a"tion  (?),  n.  [L. improperare, improperatum, to taunt.]
   The act of upbraiding or taunting; a reproach; a taunt. [Obs.]

     Improperatios and terms of scurrility. Sir T. Browne


   Im`pro*pe"ri*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [L.,  reproaches.]  (Mus.)  A series of
   antiphons  and responses, expressing the sorrowful remonstrance of our
   Lord  with  his  people;  -- sung on the morning of the Good Friday in
   place of the usual daily Mass of the Roman ritual. Grove.


   Im*prop"er*ly   (?),   adv.  In  an  improper  manner;  not  properly;
   unsuitably; unbecomingly.


   Im*prop"er*ty (?), n. Impropriety. [Obs.]


   Im`pro*pi"tious (?), a. Unpropitious; unfavorable. [Obs.] "Dreams were
   impropitious." Sir H. Wotton.


   Im`pro*por"tion*a*ble (?), a. Not proportionable. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Im`pro*por"tion*ate (?), a. Not proportionate. [Obs.]


   Im*pro"pri*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Impropriated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Impropriating  (?).]  [Pref.  im-  in  +  L.  propriatus, p. p. of
   propriare to appropriate. See Appropriate.]

   1. To appropriate to one's self; to assume. [Obs.]

     To impropriate the thanks to himself. Bacon.

   2.  (Eng. Eccl. Law) To place the profits of (ecclesiastical property)
   in the hands of a layman for care and disbursement.


   Im*pro"pri*ate, v. i. To become an impropriator. [R.]


   Im*pro"pri*ate  (?),  a.  (Eng.  Eccl.  Law)  Put  into the hands of a
   layman; impropriated.


   Im*pro`pri*a"tion (?), n.

   1.  The  act  of  impropriating;  as, the impropriation of property or
   tithes; also, that which is impropriated.

   2.  (Eng. Eccl. Law) (a) The act of putting an ecclesiastical benefice
   in  the  hands  of a layman, or lay corporation. (b) A benefice in the
   hands of a layman, or of a lay corporation.


   Im*pro"pri*a`tor  (?), n. One who impropriates; specifically, a layman
   in possession of church property.


   Im*pro`pri*a"trix  (?),  n.;  pl.  E.  -trixes, L. -trices (. A female


   Im`pro*pri"e*ty  (?), n.; pl. Improprieties (#). [L. improprietas; cf.
   F. impropri\'82t\'82. See Improper.]

   1.  The  quality  of  being  improper;  unfitness or unsuitableness to
   character,  time place, or circumstances; as, improperiety of behavior
   or manners.

   2.  That  which  is  improper;  an  unsuitable  or improper act, or an
   inaccurate use of language.

     But  every language has likewise its improprieties and absurdities.

     Many  gross improprieties, however authorized by practice, ought to
     be discarded. Swift.


   Im`pros*per"i*ty   (?),   n.  [Cf.  F.  improsp\'82rit\'82.]  Want  of
   prosperity. [Obs.]


   Im*pros"per*ous   (?),   a.  [Pref.  im-  not  +  prosperous:  cf.  F.
   improsp\'8are,  L.  improsper.]  Not  prosperous.  [Obs.]  Dryden.  --
   Im*pros"per*ous*ly, adv. [Obs.] -- Im*pros"per*ous*ness, n. [Obs.]


   Im*prov`a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. The state or quality of being improvable;


   Im*prov"a*ble (?), a. [From Improve.]

   1. Capable of being improved; susceptible of improvement; admitting of
   being  made  better;  capable  of cultivation, or of being advanced in
   good qualities.

     Man  is  accommodated  with  moral  principles,  improvable  by the
     exercise of his faculties. Sir M. Hale.

     I have a fine spread of improvable lands. Addison.

   2.  Capable  of  being  used  to  advantage;  profitable; serviceable;

     The  essays  of weaker heads afford improvable hints to better. Sir
     T. Browne.

   -- Im*pro"a*ble*ness, n. -- Im*prov"a*bly, adv.


   Im*prove"  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  im- not + prove: cf. L. improbare, F.

   1. To disprove or make void; to refute. [Obs.]

     Neither  can  any of them make so strong a reason which another can
     not improve. Tyndale.

   2.  To  disapprove; to find fault with; to reprove; to censure; as, to
   improve negligence. [Obs.] Chapman.

     When  he  rehearsed  his  preachings  and  his  doing unto the high
     apostles, they could improve nothing. Tyndale.


   Im*prove",  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Improved  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Improving.] [Pref. in- in + prove, in approve. See Approve, Prove.]

   1.  To  make  better;  to  increase the value or good qualities of; to
   ameliorate by care or cultivation; as, to improve land. Donne.

     I  love not to improve the honor of the living by impairing that of
     the dead. Denham.

   2.  To  use  or employ to good purpose; to make productive; to turn to
   profitable  account; to utilize; as, to improve one's time; to improve
   his means. Shak.

     We  shall  especially honor God by improving diligently the talents
     which God hath committed to us. Barrow.

     A  hint  that  I  do not remember to have seen opened and improved.

     The court seldom fails to improve the oppotunity. Blackstone.

     How doth the little busy bee Improve each shining hour. I. Watts.

     Those moments were diligently improved. Gibbon.

     True  policy,  as  well  as  good faith, in my opinion, binds us to
     improve the occasion. Washington.

   3.  To  advance or increase by use; to augment or add to; -- said with
   reference to what is bad. [R.]

     We  all  have,  I  fear,  .  . . not a little improved the wretched
     inheritance of our ancestors. Bp. Porteus.

   Syn.  --  To  better;  meliorate; ameliorate; advance; heighten; mend;
   correct; recify; amend; reform.


   Im*prove", v. i.

   1.  To  grow better; to advance or make progress in what is desirable;
   to make or show improvement; as, to improve in health.

     We take care to improve in our frugality and diligence. Atterbury.

   2.  To  advance or progress in bad qualities; to grow worse. "Domitain
   improved in cruelty." Milner.

   3.  To  increase;  to  be enhanced; to rise in value; as, the price of
   cotton improves.
   To  improve  on OR upon, to make useful additions or amendments to, or
   changes  in; to bring nearer to perfection; as, to improve on the mode
   of tillage.


   Im*prove"ment (?), n.

   1. The act of improving; advancement or growth; promotion in desirable
   qualities;  progress  toward  what  is  better;  melioration;  as, the
   improvement of the mind, of land, roads, etc.

     I look upon your city as the best place of improvement. South.

     Exercise  is  the chief source of improvement in all our faculties.

   2.  The act of making profitable use or applicaton of anything, or the
   state  of  being  profitably  employed;  a  turning  to  good account;
   practical  application, as of a doctrine, principle, or theory, stated
   in a discourse. "A good improvement of his reason." S. Clarke.

     I shall make some improvement of this doctrine. Tillotson.

   3.  The state of being improved; betterment; advance; also, that which
   is improved; as, the new edition is an improvement on the old.

     The  parts of Sinon, Camilla, and some few others, are improvements
     on the Greek poet. Addison.

   4. Increase; growth; progress; advance.

     There  is  a design of publishing the history of architecture, with
     its several improvements and decays. Addison.

     Those   vices   which  more  particularly  receive  improvement  by
     prosperity. South.

   5.  pl.  Valuable  additions  or betterments, as buildings, clearings,
   drains, fences, etc., on premises.

   6.  (Patent Laws) A useful addition to, or modification of, a machine,
   manufacture, or composition. Kent.


   Im*prov"er (?), n. One who, or that which, improves.


   Im`pro*vid"ed  (?),  a.  Unforeseen; unexpected; not provided against;
   unprepared. [Obs.]

     All improvided for dread of death. E. Hall.


   Im*prov"i*dence  (?),  n.  [L.  improvidentia;  OF.  improvidence. Cf.
   Imprudence.]  The  quality  of being improvident; want of foresight or

     The   improvidence  of  my  neighbor  must  not  make  me  inhuman.


   Im*prov"i*dent  (?), a. [Pref. im- not + provident: cf. L. improvidus.
   See Provident, and cf. Imprudent.] Not provident; wanting foresight or
   forethought;  not  foreseeing  or providing for the future; negligent;
   thoughtless; as, an improvident man.

     Improvident  soldires!  had  your  watch  been  good,  This  sudden
     mischief never could have fallen. Shak.

   Syn.  --  Inconsiderable;  negligent;  careless;  shiftless; prodigal;


   Im*prov`i*den"tial*ly (?), adv. Improvidently. [R.]


   Im*prov"i*dent*ly  (?),  adv.  In a improvident manner. "Improvidently
   rash." Drayton.


   Im*prov"ing (?), a. Tending to improve, beneficial; growing better. --
   Im*prov"ing*ly,  adv.  Improving lease (Scots Law), an extend lease to
   induce the tenant to make improvements on the premises.


   Im*prov"i*sate  (?),  a.  [See  Improvise.] Unpremeditated; impromptu;
   extempore. [R.]


   Im*prov"i*sate  (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Improvisated (?); p. pr.
   & vb. n. Improvisating (?).] To improvise; to extemporize.


   Im*prov`i*sa"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. improvisation.]

   1.  The  act  or art of composing and rendering music, poetry, and the
   like, extemporaneously; as, improvisation on the organ.

   2. That which is improvised; an impromptu.


   Im`pro*vis"a*tize (?), v. t. & i. Same as Improvisate.


   Im*prov"i*sa`tor (?), n. An improviser, or improvvisatore.


   Im`pro*vi`sa*to"re (?), n. See Improvvisatore.

                        Improvisatorial, Improvisatory

   Im*prov`i*sa*to"ri*al (?), Im*prov"i*sa*to*ry (?), a. Of or pertaining
   to improvisation or extemporaneous composition.


   Im`pro*vi`sa*tri"ce (?), n. See Improvvisatrice.


   Im`pro*vise"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Improvised (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Improvising.]   [F.   improviser,  it.  improvvisare,  fr.  improvviso
   unprovided, sudden, extempore, L. improvisus; pref. im- not + provisus
   foreseen, provided. See Proviso.]

   1.  To compose, recite, or sing extemporaneously, especially in verse;
   to  extemporize;  also,  to  play  upon  an  instrument,  or  to  act,

   2.  To bring about, arrange, or make, on a sudden, or without previous

     Charles attempted to improvise a peace. Motley.

   3.  To  invent, or provide, offhand, or on the spur of the moment; as,
   he improvised a hammer out of a stone.


   Im`pro*vise",  v. i. To produce or render extemporaneous compositions,
   especially  in verse or in music, without previous preparation; hence,
   to do anything offhand.


   Im`pro*vis"er (?), n. One who improvises.


   Im`pro*vi"sion  (?),  n.  [Pref.  im-  not + provision.] Improvidence.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Im`pro*vi"so  (?),  a. [L. improvisus unforeseen; cf. It. improvviso.]
   Not prepared or mediated beforehand; extemporaneous. [Obs.] Jonhson.


   Im`prov*vi`sa*to"re   (?),   n.;  pl.  Improvvisatori  (#).  [It.  See
   Improvise.]  One  who  composes  and sings or recites rhymes and short
   poems extemporaneously. [Written also improvisatore.]


   Im`prov*vi`sa*tri"ce  (?),  n.;  pl.  Improvvisatrici  (#).  [It.  See
   Improvise.] A female improvvisatore. [Written also improvisatrice.]


   Im*pru"dence   (?),   n.  [L.  imprudentia:  cf.  F.  imprudence.  Cf.
   Improvidence.]  The  quality  or  state  of  being  imprudent; want to
   caution,   circumspection,   or   a   due   regard   to  consequences;
   indiscretion;  inconsideration;  reshness; also, an imprudent act; as,
   he was guilty of an imprudence.

     His  serenity  was  interrupted,  perhaps,  by  his own imprudence.


   Im*pru"dent  (?),  a.  [L. imprudens; pref. im- not + prudens prudent:
   cf.  F.  imprudent.  See  Prudent,  and cf. Improvident.] Not prudent;
   wanting  in  prudence  or  discretion;  indiscreet;  injudicious;  not
   attentive to consequence; improper. -- Im*pru"dent*ly, adv.

     Her  majesty took a great dislike at the imprudent behavior of many
     of the ministers and readers. Strype.

   Page 740

   Syn.  --  Indiscreet;  injudicious;  incautious;  ill-advised; unwise;
   heedless; careless; rash; negligent.


   Im*pu"ber*al (?), a. Not having arrived at puberty; immature.

     In  impuberal animals the cerebellum is, in proportion to the brain
     proper, greatly less than in adults. Sir W. Hamilton.


   Im*pu"ber*ty  (?),  n. The condition of not having reached puberty, or
   the  age  of  ability to reproduce one's species; want of age at which
   the marriage contract can be legally entered into.


   Im"pu*dence  (?),  n. [L. impudentia: cf. F. impudence. See Impudent.]
   The quality of being impudent; assurance, accompanied with a disregard
   of  the  presence  or  opinions of others; shamelessness; forwardness;
   want of modesty.

     Clear  truths that their own evidence forces us to admit, or common
     experience makes it impudence to deny. Locke.

     Where pride and impudence (in fashion knit) Usurp the chair of wit.
     B. Jonson.

   Syn.  --  Shamelessness;  audacity;  insolence; effrontery; sauciness;
   impertinence; pertness; rudeness. -- Impudence, Effrontery, Sauciness.
   Impudence  refers  more  especially  to  the feelings as manifested in
   action.  Effrontery  applies  to  some  gross and public exhibition of
   shamelessness.   Sauciness   refers  to  a  sudden  pert  outbreak  of
   impudence,  especially  from  an  inferior. Impudence is an unblushing
   kind of impertinence, and may be manifested in words, tones, gestures,
   looks,  etc.  Effrontery  rises  still  higher,  and  shows a total or
   shameless  disregard of duty or decorum under the circumstances of the
   case.  Sauciness  discovers  itself  toward particular individuals, in
   certain  relations;  as in the case of servants who are saucy to their
   masters, or children who are saucy to their teachers. See Impertinent,
   and Insolent.


   Im"pu*den*cy (?), n. Impudence. [Obs.] Burton.

     Audacious without impudency. Shak.


   Im"pu*dent  (?),  a.  [L.  impudens,  -entis;  pref.  im- not + pudens
   ashamed,  modest,  p.  pr.  of pudere to feel shame: cf. F. impudent.]
   Bold,  with  contempt or disregard; unblushingly forward; impertinent;
   wanting modesty; shameless; saucy.

     More than impudent sauciness. Shak.

     When we behold an angel, not to fear Is to be impudent. Dryden.

   Syn.  --  Shameless;  audacious;  brazen;  bold-faced; pert; immodest;
   rude; saucy; impertinent; insolent.


   Im"pu*dent*ly,  adv. In an impudent manner; with unbecoming assurance;

     At once assail With open mouths, and impudently rail. Sandys.


   Im`pu*dic"i*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  impudicus  immodest;  im- not + pudicus
   shamefaced,  modest: cf. F. impudicit\'82, L. impudicitia.] Immodesty.


   Im*pugn"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Impugned (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impugning.]  [OE.  impugnen,  F.  impugner,  fr.  L. impugnare; in on,
   against  +  pugnare  to flight. See Pugnacious.] To attack by words or
   arguments;  to  contradict;  to  assail;  to call in question; to make
   insinuations against; to gainsay; to oppose.

     The  truth  hereof  I  will  net rashly pugn, or overboldly affirm.


   Im*pugn"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being impugned; that may be gainsaid.


   Im`pug*na"tion  (?),  n.  [L. impugnatio: cf. OF. impugnation.] Act of
   impugning; opposition; attack. [Obs.]

     A perpetual impugnation and self-conflict. Bp. Hall.


   Im*pugn"er (?), n. One who impugns.


   Im*pugn"ment  (?),  n.  The  act  of  impugning, or the state of being
   impugned. Ed. Rev.


   Im*pu"is*sance (?), n. [Cf. F. impuissance.] Lack of power; inability.

     Their own impuissance and weakness. Holland.


   Im*pu"is*sant  (?),  a.  [F.,  fr.  pref.  im-  not  +  puissant.  See
   Puissant.] Weak; impotent; feeble.


   Im"pulse (?), n. [L. impulsus, fr. impellere. See Impel.]

   1.  The  act  of  impelling,  or  driving  onward  with  sudden force;
   impulsion;  especially,  force  so  communicated as to produced motion
   suddenly, or immediately.

     All  spontaneous  animal motion is performed by mechanical impulse.
     S. Clarke.

   2.  The  effect  of an impelling force; motion produced by a sudden or
   momentary force.

   3. (Mech.) The action of a force during a very small interval of time;
   the  effect  of  such  action; as, the impulse of a sudden blow upon a
   hard elastic body.

   4.  A  mental  force  which simply and directly urges to action; hasty
   inclination;  sudden  motive;  momentary  or  transient  influence  of
   appetite  or  passion;  propension;  incitement;  as,  a  man  of good
   impulses; passion often gives a violent impulse to the will.

     These were my natural impulses for the undertaking. Dryden.

   Syn.  --  Force;  incentive;  influence;  motive; feeling; incitement;


   Im*pulse" (?), v. t. [See Impel.] To impel; to incite. [Obs.] Pope.


   Im*pul"sion (?), n. [L. impulsio: cf. F. impulsion. See Impel.]

   1.  The  act  of  impelling  or  driving onward, or the state of being
   impelled;  the  sudden  or  momentary  agency  of  a body in motion on
   another body; also, the impelling force, or impulse. "The impulsion of
   the air." Bacon.

   2.  Influence  acting  unexpectedly or temporarily on the mind; sudden
   motive   or   influence;   impulse.  "The  impulsion  of  conscience."
   Clarendon. "Divine impulsion prompting." Milton.


   Im*pul"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. impulsif.]

   1.  Having  the  power  of  driving  or  impelling; giving an impulse;
   moving; impellent.

     Poor  men!  poor  papers! We and they Do some impulsive force obey.

   2. Actuated by impulse or by transient feelings.

     My heart, impulsive and wayward. Longfellow.

   3.  (Mech.) Acting momentarily, or by impulse; not continuous; -- said
   of forces.


   Im*pul"sive  (?),  n.  That  which  impels  or  gives  an  impulse; an
   impelling agent. Sir W. Wotton.


   Im*pul"sive*ly, adv. In an impulsive manner.


   Im*pul"sive*ness, n. The quality of being impulsive.


   Im*pul"sor  (?),  n.  [L.] One who, or that which, impels; an inciter.
   [R.] Sir T. Browne.


   Im*punc"tate (?), a. Not punctuate or dotted.


   Im*punc"tu*al  (?),  a. [Pref. im- not + punctual: cf. F. imponctuel.]
   Not punctual. [R.]


   Im*punc`tu*al"i*ty  (?),  n.  Neglect  of, or failure in, punctuality.
   [R.] A. Hamilton.


   Im*pune" (?), a. [L. impunis.] Unpunished. [R.]


   Im*pu"ni*bly  (?),  adv.  Without punishment; with impunity. [Obs.] J.


   Im*pu"ni*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  impunitas, fr. impunis without punishment;
   pref.  im-  not  +  poena  punishment:  cf. F. impunit\'82. See Pain.]
   Exemption or freedom from punishment, harm, or loss.

     Heaven, though slow to wrath, Is neimpunity defied. Cowper.

     The impunity and also the recompense. Holland.


   Im`pu*ra"tion (?), n. Defilement; obscuration. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Im*pure"  (?),  a.  [L.  impurus;  pref.  im- not + purus pure: cf. F.
   impur. See Pure.]

   1.  Not  pure;  not  clean;  dirty; foul; filthy; containing something
   which  is  unclean  or  unwholesome;  mixed  or impregnated extraneous
   substances;  adulterated; as, impure water or air; impure drugs, food,

   2.  Defiled by sin or guilt; unholy; unhallowed; -- said of persons or

   3.  Unchaste;  lewd;  unclean;  obscene; as, impure language or ideas.
   "Impure desires." Cowper.

   4.  (Script.)  Not  purified according to the ceremonial law of Moses;

   5. (Language) Not accurate; not idiomatic; as, impure Latin; an impure


   Im*pure", v. t. To defile; to pollute. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Im*pure"ly, adv. In an impure manner.


   Im*pure"ness,  n.  The quality or condition of being impure; impurity.


   Im*pu"ri*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Impurities  (#).  [L.  impuritas:  cf. F.

   1.  The condition or quality of being impure in any sense; defilement;
   foulness; adulteration.

     Profaneness, impurity, or scandal, is not wit. Buckminster.

   2.  That  which  is,  or  which renders anything, impure; foul matter,
   action, language, etc.; a foreign ingredient.

     Foul impurities reigned among the monkish clergy. Atterbury.

   3. (Script.) Want of ceremonial purity; defilement.


   Im*pur"ple  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Impurpled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Impurpling  (?).]  [Pref.  im- in + purple. Cf. Empurple.] To color or
   tinge  with  purple;  to  make  red or reddish; to purple; as, a field
   impurpled with blood.

     Impurpled with celestial roses, smiled. Milton.

     The silken fleece impurpled for the loom. Pope.


   In*put`a*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   The   quality   of   being  imputable;


   Im*put"a*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. imputable.]

   1.  That  may  be  imputed;  capable  of  being  imputed;  chargeable;
   ascribable; attributable; referable.

     A  prince whose political vices, at least, were imputable to mental
     incapacity. Prescott.

   2. Accusable; culpable. [R.]

     The fault lies at his door, and she is no wise imputable. Ayliffe.


   Im*put"a*ble*ness, n. Quality of being imputable.


   Im*put"a*bly, adv. By imputation.


   Im`pu*ta"tion  (?),  [L.  imputatio  an  account,  a  charge:  cf.  F.

   1.  The  act  of  imputing or charging; attribution; ascription; also,
   anything imputed or charged.

     Shylock.  Antonio  is  a  good  man.  Bassanio.  Have you heard any
     imputation to the contrary? Shak.

     If  I  had a suit to Master Shallow, I would humor his men with the
     imputation of being near their master. Shak.

   2. Charge or attribution of evil; censure; reproach; insinuation.

     Let  us  be  careful  to  guard  ourselves against these groundless
     imputation of our enemies. Addison.

   3.  (Theol.) A setting of something to the account of; the attribution
   of  personal  guilt  or  personal  righteousness  of  another; as, the
   imputation of the sin of Adam, or the righteousness of Christ.

   4. Opinion; intimation; hint.


   Im*put"a*tive  (?), a. [L. imputativus: cf. F. imputatif.] Transferred
   by imputation; that may be imputed. -- Im*put"a*tive*ly, adv.

     Actual righteousness as well as imputative. Bp. Warburton.


   Im*pute"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Imputed; p. pr. & vb. n. Imputing.]
   [F.  imputer, L. imputare to bring into the reckoning, charge, impute;
   pref. im- in + putare to reckon, think. See Putative.]

   1.  To  charge; to ascribe; to attribute; to set to the account of; to
   charge  to one as the author, responsible originator, or possessor; --
   generally in a bad sense.

     Nor  you, ye proud, impute to these the fault, If memory o'er their
     tomb no trophies raise. Gray.

     One vice of a darker shade was imputed to him -- envy. Macaulay.

   2.  (Theol.)  To  adjudge  as  one's own (the sin or righteousness) of
   another; as, the righteousness of Christ is imputed to us.

     It was imputed to him for righteousness. Rom. iv. 22.

     They  merit Imputed shall absolve them who renounce Their own, both
     righteous and unrighteous deeds. Milton.

   3. To take account of; to consider; to regard. [R.]

     If  we  impute  this  last  humiliation  as the cause of his death.

   Syn.  --  To  ascribe;  attribute;  charge;  reckon;  consider; imply;
   insinuate; refer. See Ascribe.


   Im*put"er (?), n. One who imputes.


   Im`pu*tres"ci*ble   (?),   a.   [Pref.   im-  +  putrescible:  cf.  F.
   imputrescible.] Not putrescible.


   Im"righ (?), n. [Scot.; Gael. chicken soup.] A peculiar strong soup or
   broth, made in Scotland. [Written also imrich.]


   In-  (?).  [See  In, prep. Cf. Em-, En-.] A prefix from Eng. prep. in,
   also  from  Lat.  prep.  in,  meaning in, into, on, among; as, inbred,
   inborn, inroad; incline, inject, intrude. In words from the Latin, in-
   regularly becomes il- before l, ir- before r, and im- before a labial;
   as,  illusion,  irruption, imblue, immigrate, impart. In- is sometimes
   used with an simple intensive force.


   In-  (?). [L. in-; akin to E. un-. See Un-.] An inseparable prefix, or
   particle,  meaning  not, non-, un- as, inactive, incapable, inapt. In-
   regularly becomes il- before l, ir- before r, and im- before a labial.


   -in. A suffix. See the Note under -ine.


   In,  prep. [AS. in; akin to D. & G. in, Icel. \'c6, Sw. & Dan. i, OIr.
   &  L. in, Gr. In-, Inn.] The specific signification of in is situation
   or place with respect to surrounding, environment, encompassment, etc.
   It  is  used  with  verbs  signifying being, resting, or moving within
   limits, or within circumstances or conditions of any kind conceived of
   as limiting, confining, or investing, either wholly or in part. In its
   different  applications,  it  approaches  some of the meanings of, and
   sometimes  is  interchangeable  with,  within,  into,  on, at, of, and
   among. It is used: --

   1.  With  reference  to  space  or  place;  as, he lives in Boston; he
   traveled in Italy; castles in the air.

     The babe lying in a manger. Luke ii. 16.

     Thy sun sets weeping in the lowly west. Shak.

     Situated in the forty-first degree of latitude. Gibbon.

     Matter for censure in every page. Macaulay.

   2.  With  reference  to  circumstances  or  conditions;  as,  he is in
   difficulties;  she  stood  in  a  blaze of light. "Fettered in amorous
   chains." Shak.

     Wrapt in sweet sounds, as in bright veils. Shelley.

   3.  With  reference  to  a  whole which includes or comprises the part
   spoken  of;  as,  the  first  in his family; the first regiment in the

     Nine in ten of those who enter the ministry. Swift.

   4.  With  reference  to  physical  surrounding, personal states, etc.,
   abstractly  denoted;  as,  I  am in doubt; the room is in darkness; to
   live in fear.

     When  shall we three meet again, In thunder, lightning, or in rain?

   5.  With reference to character, reach, scope, or influence considered
   as  establishing  a limitation; as, to be in one's favor. "In sight of
   God's high throne." Milton.

     Sounds inharmonious in themselves, and harsh. Cowper.

   6.  With  reference  to movement or tendency toward a certain limit or
   environment;  --  sometimes equivalent to into; as, to put seed in the
   ground; to fall in love; to end in death; to put our trust in God.

     He would not plunge his brother in despair. Addison.

     She had no jewels to deposit in their caskets. Fielding.

   7.  With  reference to a limit of time; as, in an hour; it happened in
   the last century; in all my life.
   In  as much as, OR Inasmuch as, in the degree that; in like manner as;
   in  consideration  that;  because that; since. See Synonym of Because,
   and  cf. For as much as, under For, prep. -- In that, because; for the
   reason  that.  "Some  things they do in that they are men . . . ; some
   things in that they are men misled and blinded with error." Hooker. --
   In the name of, in behalf of; on the part of; by authority; as, it was
   done in the name of the people; -- often used in invocation, swearing,
   praying,  and  the  like.  -- To be in for it. (a) To be in favor of a
   thing;  to be committed to a course. (b) To be unable to escape from a
   danger,  penalty, etc. [Colloq.] -- To be (OR keep) in with. (a) To be
   close or near; as, to keep a ship in with the land. (b) To be on terms
   of friendship, familiarity, or intimacy with; to secure and retain the
   favor of. [Colloq.] Syn. -- Into; within; on; at. See At.


   In, adv.

   1.  Not out; within; inside. In, the preposition, becomes an adverb by
   omission  of  its  object,  leaving  it  as  the  representative of an
   adverbial  phrase,  the context indicating what the omitted object is;
   as, he takes in the situation (i. e
   .,  he comprehends it in his mind); the Republicans were in (i. e., in
   office);  in  at  one  ear and out at the other (i. e., in or into the
   head); his side was in (i. e., in the turn at the bat); he came in (i.
   e., into the house).

     Their vacation . . . falls in so pat with ours. Lamb.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e sails of a vessel are said, in nautical language,
     to  be in when they are furled, or when stowed. In certain cases in
     has  an  adjectival  sense;  as,  the in train (i. e., the incoming
     train); compare up grade, down grade, undertow, afterthought, etc.

   2.  (Law)  With  privilege or possession; -- used to denote a holding,
   possession,  or  seisin;  as, in by descent; in by purchase; in of the
   seisin of her husband. Burrill.
   In and in breeding. See under Breeding. -- In and out (Naut.), through
   and through; -- said of a through bolt in a ship's side. Knight. -- To
   be  in,  to  be  at  home; as, Mrs. A. is in. -- To come in. See under


   In, n.

     NOTE: [Usually in the plural.]

   1. One who is in office; -- the opposite of out.

   2. A re\'89ntrant angle; a nook or corner.
   Ins  and outs, nooks and corners; twists and turns.<-- (b) (with "of")
   the peculiarities or technicalities (of a subject) -->

     All the ins and outs of this neighborhood. D. Jerrold.

   Page 741


   In (?), v. t. To inclose; to take in; to harvest. [Obs.]

     He  that  ears  my land spares my team and gives me leave to in the
     crop. Shak.


   In`a*bil"i*ty  (?), n. [Pref. in- not + ability: cf. F. inhabilet\'82.
   See  Able, and cf. Unable.] The quality or state of being unable; lack
   of   ability;  want  of  sufficient  power,  strength,  resources,  or

     It is not from an inability to discover what they ought to do, that
     men err in practice. Blair.

   Syn.  -- Impotence; incapacity; incompetence; weakness; powerlessness;
   incapability. See Disability.


   In*a"ble (?), v. t. See Enable.


   In*a"ble*ment (?), n. See Enablement. [Obs.]


   In*ab"sti*nence   (?),   n.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  abstinence:  cf.  F.
   inabstinence.]   Want   of   abstinence;   indulgence.   [Obs.]   "The
   inabstinence of Eve." Milton.


   In`ab*stract"ed (?), a. Not abstracted.


   In`a*bu"sive*ly (?), adv. Without abuse.


   In`ac*cess`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. inaccessibilit\'82.] The quality
   or state of being inaccessible; inaccessibleness. "The inaccessibility
   of the precipice." Bp. Butler.


   In`ac*cess"i*ble  (?), a. [L. inaccessibilis: cf. F. inaccessible. See
   In- not, and Accessible.] Not accessible; not to be reached, obtained,
   or  approached;  as, an inaccessible rock, fortress, document, prince,
   etc. -- In`ac*cess"i*ble*ness, n. -- In`ac*cess"i*bly, adv.


   In`ac*cord"ant (?), a. Not accordant; discordant.


   In*ac"cu*ra*cy (?), n.; pl. Inaccuracies (.

   1. The quality of being inaccurate; want of accuracy or exactness.

   2.  That  which  is  inaccurate  or incorrect; mistake; fault; defect;
   error; as, in inaccuracy in speech, copying, calculation, etc.


   In*ac"cu*rate  (?),  a. Not accurate; not according to truth; inexact;
   incorrect;   erroneous;   as,  in  inaccurate  man,  narration,  copy,
   judgment, calculation, etc.

     The expression is plainly inaccurate. Bp. Hurd.

   Syn.  -- Inexact; incorrect; erroneous; faulty; imperfect; incomplete;


   In*ac"cu*rate*ly,   adv.   In   an   inaccurate  manner;  incorrectly;


   In`ac*quaint"ance (?), a. Want of acquaintance. Good.


   In*ac`qui*es"cent (?), a. Not acquiescent or acquiescing.


   In*ac"tion  (?),  n.  [Pref.  in. not + action: cf. inaction.] Want of
   action or activity; forbearance from labor; idleness; rest; inertness.


   In*ac"tive (?), a. [Pref. in- not + active: cf. F. inactif.]

   1.  Not  active;  having  no  power  to move; that does not or can not
   produce results; inert; as, matter is, of itself, inactive.

   2.  Not disposed to action or effort; not diligent or industrious; not
   busy; idle; as, an inactive officer.

   3.  (Chem.  & Opt.) Not active; inert; esp., not exhibiting any action
   or activity on polarized light; optically neutral; -- said of isomeric
   forms of certain substances, in distinction from other forms which are
   optically  active; as, racemic acid is an inactive tartaric acid. Syn.
   -- Inert; dull; sluggish; idle; indolent; slothful; lazy. See Inert.


   In*ac"tive*ly, adv. In an inactive manner. Locke.


   In`ac*tiv"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. inactivit\'82.]

   1.  The  state  or  quality  of  being  inactive;  inertness;  as, the
   inactivity of matter.

   2.  Idleness;  habitual  indisposition  to action or exertion; want of
   energy; sluggishness.

     The gloomy inactivity of despair. Cook.


   In*ac"tose  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A  variety  of  sugar, found in certain
   plants. It is optically inactive.


   In*ac"tu*ate (?), v. t. To put in action. [Obs.]


   In*ac`tu*a"tion (?), n. Operation. [Obs.]


   In*ad`ap*ta"tion (?), n. Want of adaptation; unsuitableness.


   In*ad"e*qua*cy  (?),  n.  [From  Inadequate.]  The quality or state of
   being   inadequate   or  insufficient;  defectiveness;  insufficiency;

     The inadequacy and consequent inefficacy of the alleged causes. Dr.
     T. Dwight.


   In*ad"e*quate (?), a. [Pref. in- not + adequate: cf. F. inad\'82quat.]
   Not  adequate;  unequal  to  the purpose; insufficient; deficient; as,
   inadequate   resources,   power,  conceptions,  representations,  etc.
   Dryden. -- In*ad"e*quate*ly, adv. -- In*ad"e*quate*ness, n.


   In*ad`e*qua"tion (?), n. Want of exact correspondence. [Obs.] Puller.


   In`ad*her"ent (?), a.

   1. Not adhering.

   2. (Bot.) Free; not connected with the other organs.


   In`ad*he"sion (?), n. Want of adhesion.


   In`ad*mis`si*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. [Cf. F. inadmissibilit\'82.] The state
   or quality of being inadmissible, or not to be received.


   In`ad*mis"si*ble   (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  admissible:  cf.  F.
   inadmissible.]  Not admissible; not proper to be admitted, allowed, or
   received;  as, inadmissible testimony; an inadmissible proposition, or
   explanation. -- In`ad*mis"si*bly, adv.

                            Inadvertence; pl. -ces

   ,  Inadvertency In`ad*vert"ence (?); pl. -ces (, In`ad*vert"en*cy (?);
   pl. -cies (, n. [Cf. F. inadvertance.]

   1.   The   quality  of  being  inadvertent;  lack  of  heedfulness  or
   attentiveness; inattention; negligence; as, many mistakes proceed from

     Inadvertency,  or  want of attendance to the sense and intention of
     our prayers. Jer. Taylor.

   2.  An  effect of inattention; a result of carelessness; an oversight,
   mistake, or fault from negligence.

     The   productions   of   a   great  genius,  with  many  lapses  an
     inadvertencies,  are  infinitely preferable to works of an inferior
     kind of author which are scrupulously exact. Addison.

   Syn.   --   Inattention;   heedlessness;   carelessness;   negligence;
   thoughtlessness. See Inattention.


   In`ad*vert"ent  (?),  a. [Cf. F. inadvertant. See 2d In-, and Advert.]
   Not  turning  the  mind  to  a  matter; heedless; careless; negligent;

     An  inadvertent  step may crush the snail That crawls at evening in
     the public path. Cowper.

   -- In`ad*vert"ent*ly, adv.


   In`ad*vis"a*ble (?), a. Not advisable. -- In`ad*vis"a*ble*ness, n.


   In*af`fa*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. inaffabilit\'82.] Want of affability
   or sociability; reticence.


   In*af"fa*ble  (?), a. [Pref. in- not + affable.] Not affable; reserved
   in social intercourse.


   In*af`fec*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  affectation:  cf. F.
   inaffectation.] Freedom from affectation; naturalness. [R.]


   In`af*fect"ed  (?),  a.  Unaffected.  [Obs.] -- In`af*fect"ed*ly, adv.


   In*aid"a*ble (?), a. Incapable of being assisted; helpless. [R.] Shak.


   In*al`ien*a*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   The   quality  or  state  of  being


   In*al"ien*a*ble   (?),   a.   [Pref.  in-  not  +  alienable:  cf.  F.
   inali\'82nable.]   Incapable   of  being  alienated,  surrendered,  or
   transferred to another; not alienable; as, in inalienable birthright.


   In*al"ien*a*ble*ness,  n.  The  quality or state of being inalienable;


   In*al"ien*a*bly,  adv. In a manner that forbids alienation; as, rights
   inalienably vested.


   In*al`i*men"tal  (?),  a.  Affording no aliment or nourishment. [Obs.]


   In*al`ter*a*bil"i*ty   (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  inalt\'82rabilit\'82.]  The
   quality of being unalterable or unchangeable; permanence.


   In*al"ter*a*ble   (?),   a.   [Pref.  in-  not  +  alterable:  cf.  F.
   inalt\'82rable.] Not alterable; incapable of being altered or changed;
   unalterable. -- In*al"ter*a*ble*ness, n. -- In*al"ter*a*bly, adv.


   In*a"mi*a*ble  (?),  a.  Unamiable.  [Obs.]  -- In*a"mi*a*ble*ness, n.


   In`a*mis"si*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  inamissibilis:  cf.  F.  inamissible.]
   Incapable  of  being  lost.  [R.] Hammond. -- In`a*mis"si*ble*ness, n.


   In*a`mo*ra"ta  (?), n. [It. innamorata, fem., innamorato, masc., p. p.
   of  innamorare  to  inspire with love. See Enamor.] A woman in love; a
   mistress. "The fair inamorata." Sherburne.


   In*am"o*rate (?), a. Enamored. Chapman. -- In*am"o*rate*ly, adv. [R.]


   In*a`mo*ra"to  (?),  n.;  pl.  Inamoratos (#). [See Inamorata.] A male


   In`a*mov"a*ble (?), a. Not amovable or removable. [R.] Palgrave.


   In"-and-in"  (?), n. An old game played with four dice. In signified a
   doublet, or two dice alike; in-and-in, either two doubles, or the four
   dice alike.

                                   In and an

   In and an, a. & adv. Applied to breeding from a male and female of the
   same parentage. See under Breeding.


   In*ane" (?), a. [L. inanis.] Without contents; empty; void of sense or
   intelligence;  purposeless;  pointless; characterless; useless. "Vague
   and inane instincts." I. Taylor. -- In*ane"ly, adv.


   In*ane", n. That which is void or empty. [R.]

     The undistinguishable inane of infinite space. Locke.


   In*an"gu*lar (?), a. Not angular. [Obs.]

                          Inaniloquent, Inaniloquous

   In`a*nil"o*quent  (?),  In`a*nil"o*quous  (?),  a.  [L. inanis empty +
   loqui to speak.] Given to talking inanely; loquacious; garrulous. [R.]


   In*an"i*mate  (?), v. t. [Pref. in- in (or intensively) + animate.] To
   animate. [Obs.] Donne.


   In*an"i*mate  (?),  a.  [L.  inanimatus;  pref.  in-  not  +  animatus
   animate.]  Not  animate;  destitute of life or spirit; lifeless; dead;
   inactive; dull; as, stones and earth are inanimate substances.

     Grieving, if aught inanimate e'er grieves. Byron.

   Syn.  --  Lifeless; dead; inert; inactive; dull; soulless; spiritless.
   See Lifeless.


   In*an"i*ma`ted   (?),   a.   Destitute  of  life;  lacking  animation;
   unanimated. Pope.


   In*an"i*mate*ness (?), n. The quality or state of being inanimate.

     The deadness and inanimateness of the subject. W. Montagu.


   In*an`i*ma"tion  (?),  n.  [See  2d  Inanimate.]  Want  of  animation;
   lifeless; dullness.


   In*an`i*ma"tion,  n.  [See  1st Inanimate.] Infusion of life or vigor;
   animation; inspiration. [Obs.]

     The inanimation of Christ living and breathing within us. Bp. Hall.


   In`a*ni"ti*ate (?), v. t. To produce inanition in; to exhaust for want
   of nourishment. [R.]


   In`a*ni`ti*a"tion (?), n. Inanition. [R.]


   In`a*ni"tion (?), n. [F. inanition, L. inanitio emptiness, fr. inanire
   to  empty, fr. inanis empty. Cf. Inane.] The condition of being inane;
   emptiness;  want  of  fullness,  as in the vessels of the body; hence,
   specifically,  exhaustion  from  want  of food, either from partial or
   complete  starvation,  or  from a disorder of the digestive apparatus,
   producing the same result.

     Feeble from inanition, inert from weariness. Landor.

     Repletion  and inanition may both do harm in two contrary extremes.


   In*an"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Inanities (#). [L. inanitas, fr. inanis empty:
   cf. F. inanit\'82. See Inane.]

   1. Inanition; void space; vacuity; emptiness.

   2. Want of seriousness; aimlessness; frivolity.

   3.  An  inane,  useless thing or pursuit; a vanity; a silly object; --
   chiefly in pl.; as, the inanities of the world.


   In*an"ther*ate  (?), a. (Bot.) Not bearing anthers; -- said of sterile

                                   In antis

   In  an"tis  (?). [L.] (Arch.) Between ant\'91; -- said of a portico in
   classical  style,  where  columns are set between two ant\'91, forming
   the angles of the building. See Anta.


   In*ap"a*thy (?), n. Sensibility; feeling; -- opposed to apathy. [R.]


   In`ap*peal"a*ble  (?),  a.  Not  admitting  of appeal; not appealable.


   In`ap*peas"a*ble  (?),  a.  Incapable  of being appeased or satisfied;


   In`ap*pel`la*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  of  being inappellable;

     The inappellability of the councils. Coleridge.


   In`ap*pel"la*ble (?), a. Inappealable; final.

                           Inappetence, Inappetency

   In*ap"pe*tence   (?),   In*ap"pe*ten*cy  (?),  n.  [Pref.  in-  not  +
   appetence: cf. F. inapp\'82tence.] Want of appetency; want of desire.


   In*ap`pli*ca*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. inapplicabilit\'82.] The quality
   of being inapplicable; unfitness; inapplicableness.


   In*ap"pli*ca*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + applicable.] Not applicable;
   incapable  of  being  applied;  not  adapted;  not  suitable;  as, the
   argument  is inapplicable to the case. J. S. Mill. Syn. -- Unsuitable;
   unsuited;   unadapted;   inappropriate;   inapposite;  irrelevant.  --
   In*ap"pli*ca*ble*ness, n. -- In*ap"pli*ca*bly, adv.


   In*ap`pli*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  application:  cf. F.
   inapplication.]   Want   of   application,  attention,  or  diligence;
   negligence; indolence.


   In*ap"po*site   (?),  a.  Not  apposite;  not  fit  or  suitable;  not
   pertinent. -- In*ap"po*site*ly, adv.


   In`ap*pre"ci*a*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  appreciable: cf. F.
   inappr\'82ciable.]   Not  appreciable;  too  small  to  be  perceived;
   incapable of being duly valued or estimated. Hallam.


   In`ap*pre"ci*a"tion (?), n. Want of appreciation.


   In*ap`pre*hen"si*ble   (?),   a.   [L.   inapprehensibilis:   cf.   F.
   inappr\'82hensible.] Not apprehensible; unintelligible; inconceivable.


   In*ap`pre*hen"sion (?), n. Want of apprehension.


   In*ap`pre*hen"sive  (?), a. Not apprehensive; regardless; unconcerned.
   Jer. Taylor.


   In`ap*proach"a*ble   (?),   a.   Not   approachable;   unapproachable;
   inaccessible; unequaled. -- In`ap*proach"a*bly, adv.


   In`ap*pro"pri*ate  (?),  a.  Not  instrument  (to);  not  appropriate;
   unbecoming;  unsuitable;  not  specially  fitted; -- followed by to or
   for. -- In`ap*pro"pri*ate*ly, adv. -- In`ap*pro"pri*ate*ness, n.


   In*apt"  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  + apt: cf. F. inapte. Cf. Inept.]
   Unapt;  not apt; unsuitable; inept. -- In*apt"ly, adv. -- In*apt"ness,


   In*apt"i*tude  (?),  n.  [In-  + aptitude: cf. F. inaptitude. Cf. In.]
   Want of aptitude.


   In*a"quate  (?),  a.  [L.  inaquatus,  p.  p. of inaquare to make into
   water;  pref.  in-  in  +  aqua  water.] Embodied in, or changed into,
   water. [Obs.] Cranmer.


   In`a*qua"tion  (?),  n.  The  state  of  being  inaquate.  [Obs.]  Bp.


   In*ar"a*ble (?), a. Not arable. [R.]


   In*arch"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Inarched (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inarching.]  To  graft  by  uniting,  as  a scion, to a stock, without
   separating  either from its root before the union is complete; -- also
   called to graft by approach. P. Miler.


   In*arch"ing, n. A method of ingrafting. See Inarch.


   In`ar*tic"u*late   (?),   a.   [L.  inarticulatus;  pref.  in-  not  +
   articulatus articulate.]

   1.  Not  uttered  with  articulation  or intelligible distinctness, as
   speech or words.

     Music which is inarticulate poesy. Dryden.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.) (a) Not jointed or articulated; having no distinct body
   segments; as, an inarticulate worm. (b) Without a hinge; -- said of an
   order (Inarticulata or Ecardines) of brachiopods.

   3. Incapable of articulating. [R.]

     The poor earl, who is inarticulate with palsy. Walpole.

   <-- 4. incapable of expressing one's ideas or feelings clearly. -->


   In`ar*tic"u*la`ted  (?),  a. Not articulated; not jointed or connected
   by a joint.


   In`ar*tic"u*late*ly (?), adv. In an inarticulate manner. Hammond.


   In`ar*tic"u*late*ness, n. The state or quality of being inarticulate.


   In`ar*tic`u*la"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. inarticulation.] Inarticulateness.


   In*ar`ti*fi"cial   (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  artificial:  cf.  F.
   inartificiel.] Not artificial; not made or elaborated by art; natural;
   simple;   artless;  as,  an  inartificial  argument;  an  inartificial
   character. -- In*ar`ti*fi"cial*ly, adv. -- In*ar`ti*fi"cial*ness, n.


   In`as*much"  (?),  adv.  [In  +  as  +  much.] In like degree; in like
   manner;  seeing  that; considering that; since; -- followed by as. See
   In as much as, under In, prep.

     Inasmuch  as  ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did it
     not  to  me.  Matt.  xxv.  45.Syn.  -- Because; since; for; as. See


     In`at*ten"tion   (?),  n.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  attention:  cf.  F.
     inattention.]  Want  of  attention,  or  failure  to pay attention;
     disregard; heedlessness; neglect.

     Novel lays attract our ravished ears; But old, the mind inattention
     hears. Pope.

     Syn.   --  Inadvertence;  heedlessness;  negligence;  carelessness;
     disregard;  remissness;  thoughtlessness;  neglect. -- Inattention,
     Inadvertence.  We  miss seeing a thing through inadvertence when do
     not  happen to look at it; through inattention when we give no heed
     to  it,  though  directly  before  us.  The latter is therefore the
     worse.  Inadvertence may be an involuntary accident; inattention is
     culpable neglect. A versatile mind is often inadvertent; a careless
     or stupid one is inattentive.

     Page 742


     In`at*ten"tive  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  inattentif.] Not attentive; not
     fixing  the  mind  on  an  object;  heedless;  careless; negligent;
     regardless;  as, an inattentive spectator or hearer; an inattentive
     habit.   I.   Watts.   Syn.   --  Careless;  heedless;  regardless;
     thoughtless;  negligent; remiss; inadvertent. -- In`at*ten"tive*ly,
     adv. -- In`at*ten"tive*ness, n.


     In*au`di*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   The  quality  of  being  inaudible;


     In*au"di*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  inaudibilis; pref. in- not + audire to
     hear:  cf.  F.  unaudible.  See In- not, and Audible.] Not audible;
     incapable  of  being  heard;  silent.  --  In*au"di*ble*ness, n. --
     In*au"di*bly, adv.


     In*au"gur  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  F.  inaugurer.  See  Inaugurate.] To
     inaugurate. [Obs.] Latimer.


     In*au"gu*ral   (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  inaugural.]  Pertaining  to,  or
     performed  or  pronounced  at,  an  inauguration;  as, an inaugural
     address; the inaugural exercises.


     In*au"gu*ral, n. An inaugural address. [U.S.]


     In*au"gu*rate  (?), a. [L. inauguratus, p. p. of inaugurare to take
     omens  from the flight of birds (before entering upon any important
     undertaking);  hence,  to  consecrate, inaugurate, or install, with
     such  divination;  pref. in- in + augurare, augurari, to augur. See
     Augur.] Invested with office; inaugurated. Drayton.


     In*au"gu*rate  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Inaugurated (?); p. pr. &
     vb. n. Inaugurating (?).]

     1.  To  introduce or induct into an office with suitable ceremonies
     or  solemnities;  to  invest  with  power  or authority in a formal
     manner;  to install; as, to inaugurate a president; to inaugurate a
     king. Milton.

     2.  To  cause  to  begin,  esp.  with formality or solemn ceremony;
     hence,  to set in motion, action, or progress; to initiate; -- used
     especially  of something of dignity or worth or public concern; as,
     to inaugurate a new era of things, new methods, etc.

     As  if kings did closes remarkable days to inaugurate their favors.
     Sir H. Wotton.

     3.  To  celebrate the completion of, or the first public use of; to
     dedicate, as a statue. [Colloq.]

     4. To begin with good omens. [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton.


     In*au`gu*ra"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  inauguratio  a  beginning:  cf. F.

     1.   The  act  of  inuagurating,  or  inducting  into  office  with
     solemnity; investiture by appropriate ceremonies.

     At  his  regal inauguration, his old father resigned the kingdom to
     him. Sir T. Browne.

     2.  The  formal  beginning or initiation of any movement, course of
     action,  etc.;  as,  the  inauguration  of  a  new  system,  a  new
     condition, etc.


     In*au"gu*ra`tor (?), n. One who inaugurates.


     In*au"gu*ra*to*ry   (?),   a.   Suitable  for,  or  pertaining  to,
     inauguration. Johnson.


     In*au"rate (?), a. [L. inauratus, p. p. inaurare to gild; pref. in-
     in + aurum gold.] Covered with gold; gilded.


     In*au"rate (?), v. t. To cover with gold; to gild.


     In`au*ra"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. inauration.] The act or process of
     gilding or covering with gold.


     In*aus"pi*cate   (?),   a.   [L.  inauspicatus;  pref.  in-  not  +
     auspicatus,  p.  p.  auspicari. See Auspicate.] Inauspicious [Obs.]
     Sir G. Buck.


     In`aus*pi"cious  (?),  a.  Not auspicious; ill-omened; unfortunate;
     unlucky;  unfavorable.  "Inauspicious  stars."  Shak. "Inauspicious
     love." Dryden. -- In`aus*pi"cious*ly, adv. -- In`aus*pi"cious*ness,


     In`au*thor"i*ta*tive (?), a. Without authority; not authoritative.


     In"barge  (?),  v.  t.  &  i. To embark; to go or put into a barge.
     [Obs.] Drayton.


     In"beam`ing (?), n. Shining in. South.


     In"be`ing (?), n. Inherence; inherent existence. I. Watts.


     In*bind" (?), v. t. To inclose. [Obs.] Fairfax.


     In"blown` (?), a. Blown in or into. [Obs.]


     In"board` (?), a. & adv.

     1.  (Naut.)  Inside  the  line  of a vessel's bulwarks or hull; the
     opposite of outboard; as, an inboard cargo; haul the boom inboard.

     2.  (Mech.) From without inward; toward the inside; as, the inboard
     stroke of a steam engine piston, the inward or return stroke.


     In"born`  (?), a. Born in or with; implanted by nature; innate; as,
     inborn passions. Cowper. Syn. -- Innate; inherent; natural.

                              Inbreak, Inbreaking

     In"break` (?), In"break`ing, n. A breaking in; inroad; invasion.


     In*breathe"  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inbreathed (?); p. pr. & vb.
     n. Inbreathing.] To infuse by breathing; to inspire. Coleridge.


     In"bred`  (?),  a.  Bred  within; innate; as, inbred worth. "Inbred
     sentiments." Burke.


     In*breed"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Inbred (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
     Inbreeding.] [Cf. Imbreed.]

     1. To produce or generate within. Bp. Reynolds.

     To inbreed and cherish . . . the seeds of virtue. Milton.

     2. To breed in and in. See under Breed, v. i.


     In"burn`ing (?), a. Burning within.

     Her inburning wrath she gan abate. Spenser.


     In"burnt` (?), a. Burnt in; ineffaceable.

     Her inburnt, shamefaced thoughts. P. Fletcher.


     In"burst` (?), n. A bursting in or into.


     Inc (?), n. A Japanese measure of length equal to about two and one
     twelfth yards. [Written also ink.]


     In"ca  (?),  n. (a) An emperor or monarch of Peru before, or at the
     time  of,  the  Spanish conquest; any member of this royal dynasty,
     reputed  to  have  been  descendants of the sun. (b) pl. The people
     governed by the Incas, now represented by the Quichua tribe.

   Inca  dove  (Zo\'94l.),  a  small  dove  (Scardafella inca), native of
   Arizona, Lower California, and Mexico.


   In*cage"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Incaged (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Incaging  (?).] [Cf. Encage.] To confine in, or as in, a cage; to coop
   up. [Written also encage.] "Incaged birds." Shak.


   In*cage"ment (?), n. Confinement in, or as in, cage. [Obs.] Shelton.


   In*cal`cu*la*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   The  quality  or  state  of  being


   In*cal"cu*la*ble   (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  calculable:  cf.  F.
   incalculable.]  Not  capable  of being calculated; beyond calculation;
   very great. -- In*cal"cu*la*ble*ness, n. -- In*cal"cu*la*bly, adv.


   In`ca*les"cence  (?), n. The state of being incalescent, or of growing
   warm. Sir T. Browne.


   In`ca*les"cen*cy (?), n. Incalescence. Ray.


   In`ca*les"cent  (?), a. [L. incalescens, -entis, p. pr. of incalescere
   to grow hot. See 1st In-, and Calescence.] Growing warm; increasing in


   In*cam`er*a"tion (?), n. [Pref. in- in + L. camera chamber, LL., also,
   jurisdiction:  cf. F. incam\'82ration, It. incamerazione.] (R. C. Ch.)
   The  act  or  process  of  uniting  lands, rights, or revenues, to the
   ecclesiastical chamber, i. e., to the pope's domain.


   In"can (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Incas.


   In`can*des"cence  (?), n. [Cf. F. incandescence.] A white heat, or the
   glowing or luminous whiteness of a body caused by intense heat.


   In`can*des"cent   (?),   a.   [L.   incandecens,  -entis,  p.  pr.  of
   incandescere  to  become  warm  or  hot;  pref. in- in + candescere to
   become  of  a  glittering  whiteness,  to  become  red hot, incho. fr.
   candere  to  be  of  a  glittering whiteness: cf. F. incandescent. See
   Candle.]   White,   glowing,  or  luminous,  with  intense  heat;  as,
   incandescent carbon or platinum; hence, clear; shining; brilliant.

     Holy   Scripture   become   resplendent;  or,  as  one  might  say,
     incandescent throughout. I. Taylor.

   Incandescent  lamp OR light (Elec.), a kind of lamp in which the light
   is  produced  by  a  thin  filament  of  conducting  material, usually
   carbon<--  usually tungsten! -->, contained in a vacuum, and heated to
   incandescence by an electric current, as in the Edison lamp; -- called
   also  incandescence  lamp,  and  glowlamp.<-- incandescent bulb -- the
   light  bulb  used in an incandescent lamp; contrasted with fluorescent
   lamp and fluorescent bulb -->


   In`ca*nes"cent  (?),  a. [L. incanescens, p. pr. incanescere to become
   gray.] Becoming hoary or gray; canescent.


   In*ca"nous  (?),  a.  [L. incanus; pref. in- in + canus hoary.] (Bot.)
   Hoary with white pubescence.


   In`can*ta"tion  (?), n. [L. incantatio, fr. incantare to chant a magic
   formula over one: cf. F. incantation. See Enchant.]

   1.  The  act  or process of using formulas sung or spoken, with occult
   ceremonies, for the purpose of raising spirits, producing enchantment,
   or  affecting other magical results; enchantment. "Mysterious ceremony
   and incantation." Burke.

   2. A formula of words used as above.


   In*cant"a*to*ry  (?),  a.  Dealing  by  enchantment;  magical.  Sir T.


   In*cant"ing, a. Enchanting. [Obs.] Sir T. Herbert.


   In*can"ton  (?), v. t. To unite to, or form into, a canton or separate
   community. Addison.


   In*ca`pa*bil"i*ty (?), n.

   1. The quality of being incapable; incapacity. Suckling.

   2.  (Law)  Want  of  legal  qualifications,  or  of  legal  power; as,
   incapability of holding an office.


   In*ca"pa*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref. in- not + capable: cf. F. incapable, L.
   incapabilis incomprehensible.]

   1. Wanting in ability or qualification for the purpose or end in view;
   not  large  enough to contain or hold; deficient in physical strength,
   mental  or  moral power, etc.; not capable; as, incapable of holding a
   certain  quantity of liquid; incapable of endurance, of comprehension,
   of perseverance, of reform, etc.

   2.  Not  capable  of  being  brought to do or perform, because morally
   strong  or  well  disposed;  --  used with reference to some evil; as,
   incapable of wrong, dishonesty, or falsehood.

   3. Not in a state to receive; not receptive; not susceptible; not able
   to  admit;  as,  incapable of pain, or pleasure; incapable of stain or

   4.  (Law)  Unqualified  or  disqualified,  in a legal sense; as, a man
   under  thirty-five  years of age is incapable of holding the office of
   president  of  the United States; a person convicted on impeachment is
   thereby  made  incapable of holding an office of profit or honor under
   the government.

   5.  (Mil.) As a term of disgrace, sometimes annexed to a sentence when
   an  officer  has  been cashiered and rendered incapable of serving his

     NOTE: &hand; Incapable is often used elliptically.

     Is not your father grown incapable of reasonable affairs? Shak.

   Syn.   --   Incompetent;   unfit;  unable;  insufficient;  inadequate;
   deficient; disqualified. See Incompetent.


   In*ca"pa*ble,  n.  One who is morally or mentally weak or inefficient;
   an imbecile; a simpleton.


   In*ca"pa*ble*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  incapable;


   In*ca"pa*bly, adv. In an incapable manner.


   In`ca*pa"cious  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not + capacious: cf. L. incapax
   incapable.]  Not  capacious;  narrow;  small;  weak or foolish; as, an
   incapacious soul. Bp. Burnet. -- In`ca*pa"cious*ness, n.


   In`ca*pac"i*tate  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incapacitated (?); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Incapacitating (?).] [Pref. in- not + capacitate.]

   1.  To  deprive  of  capacity  or natural power; to disable; to render
   incapable  or  unfit; to disqualify; as, his age incapacitated him for

   2.  (Law)  To  deprive  of  legal  or constitutional requisites, or of
   ability  or  competency  for the performance of certain civil acts; to

     It   absolutely  incapacitated  them  from  holding  rank,  office,
     function, or property. Milman.


   In`ca*pac`i*ta"tion  (?),  n.  The  act  of incapacitating or state of
   being incapacitated; incapacity; disqualification. Burke.


   In`ca*pac"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Incapacities (. [Cf. F. incapacit\'82.]

   1.   Want  of  capacity;  lack  of  physical  or  intellectual  power;

   2. (Law) Want of legal ability or competency to do, give, transmit, or
   receive something; inability; disqualification; as, the inacapacity of
   minors   to   make   binding   contracts,   etc.  Syn.  --  Inability;
   incapability; incompetency; unfitness; disqualification; disability.


   In*cap"su*late  (?),  v.  t. (Physiol.) To inclose completely, as in a


   In*cap`su*la"tion  (?),  n. (Physiol.) The process of becoming, or the
   state  or  condition  of being, incapsulated; as, incapsulation of the
   ovum in the uterus.


   In*car"cer*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incarcerated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Incarcerating  (?).]  [Pref.  in-  in  +  L.  carceratus, p. p. of
   carcerare to imprison, fr. carcer prison.]

   1. To imprison; to confine in a jail or priso

   2. To confine; to shut up or inclose; to hem in.
   Incarcerated  hernia  (Med.), hernia in which the constriction can not
   be easily reduced.


   In*car"cer*ate (?), a. Imprisoned. Dr. H. More.


   In*car`cer*a"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. incarc\'82ration.]

   1. The act of confining, or the state of being confined; imprisonment.

   2.   (Med.)   (a)   Formerly,  strangulation,  as  in  hernia.  (b)  A
   constriction  of  the  hernial  sac, rendering it irreducible, but not
   great enough to cause strangulation.


   In*car"cer*a`tor (?), n. One who incarcerates.


   In*carn"  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  F. incarner. See Incarnate.] To cover or
   invest with flesh. [R.] Wiseman.


   In*carn", v. i. To develop flesh. [R.] Wiseman.


   In*car"na*dine  (?),  a. [F. incarnadin, It. incarnatino; L. pref. in-
   in + caro, carnis, flesh. Cf. Carnation, Incarnate.] Flesh-colored; of
   a carnation or pale red color. [Obs.] Lovelace.


   In*car"na*dine, v. t. To dye red or crimson.

     Will  all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood Clean from my hand?
     No;  this  my  hand will rather The multitudinous seas incarnadine,
     Making the green one red. Shak.


   In*car"nate  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  + carnate.] Not in the flesh;
   spiritual. [Obs.]

     I fear nothing . . . that devil carnate or incarnate can fairly do.


   In*car"nate, a. [L. incarnatus, p. p. of incarnare to incarnate, pref.
   in- in + caro, carnis, flesh. See Carnal.]

   1.  Invested  with  flesh; embodied in a human nature and form; united
   with, or having, a human body.

     Here shalt thou sit incarnate. Milton.

     He  represents  the  emperor  and his wife as two devils incarnate,
     sent into the world for the destruction of mankind. Jortin.

   2. Flesh-colored; rosy; red. [Obs.] Holland.


   In*car"nate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incarnated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Incarnating (?).] To clothe with flesh; to embody in flesh; to invest,
   as spirits, ideals, etc., with a human from or nature.

     This  essence to incarnate and imbrute, That to the height of deity
     aspired. Milton.


   In*car"nate, v. i. To form flesh; to granulate, as a wound. [R.]

     My  uncle  Toby's wound was nearly well -- 't was just beginning to
     incarnate. Sterne.


   In`car*na"tion (?), n. [F. incarnation, LL. incarnatio.]

   1.  The  act of clothing with flesh, or the state of being so clothed;
   the act of taking, or being manifested in, a human body and nature.

   2. (Theol.) The union of the second person of the Godhead with manhood
   in Christ.

   3.  An incarnate form; a personification; a manifestation; a reduction
   to apparent from; a striking exemplification in person or act.

     She is a new incarnation of some of the illustrious dead. Jeffrey.

     The very incarnation of selfishness. F. W. Robertson.

   4. A rosy or red color; flesh color; carnation. [Obs.]

   5.  (Med.) The process of healing wounds and filling the part with new
   flesh; granulation.


   In*car"na*tive (?), a. [Cf. F. incarnatif.] Causing new flesh to grow;
   healing; regenerative. -- n. An incarnative medicine.


   In*car`ni*fi*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [See Incarnation, and -fy.] The act of
   assuming, or state of being clothed with, flesh; incarnation.


   In*case"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Incased (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Incasing.]  [F. encaisser; pref. en- (L. in) + caisse case. See Case a
   box,  and  cf.  Encase, Enchase.] To inclose in a case; to inclose; to
   cover or surround with something solid.

     Rich plates of gold the folding doors incase. Pope.


   In*case"ment (?), n. [Cf. Casement.]

   1.  The act or process of inclosing with a case, or the state of being

   2. That which forms a case, covering, or inclosure.


   In*cask"  (?),  v.  t.  To  cover  with  a casque or as with a casque.


   In*cas"tel*la`ted (?), a. Confined or inclosed in a castle.


   In*cas"telled (?), a. (Far.) Hoofbound. Crabb.


   In*cat`e*na"tion  (?),  n.  [LL. incatenatio; L. pref. in- in + catena
   chain.  See  Enchain.]  The  act of linking together; enchaining. [R.]


   In*cau"tion (?), n. Want of caution. Pope.


   In*cau"tious  (?), a. [Pref. in- not + cautious: cf. L. incautus.] Not
   cautious; not circumspect; not attending to the circumstances on which
   safety  and  interest  depend;  heedless;  careless; as, an incautious
   step; an incautious remark.

   Page 743

     You   .  .  .  incautious  tread  On  fire  with  faithless  embers
     overspread. Francis.

     His  rhetorical  expressions  may  easily  captivate any incautious
     reader. Keill.

   Syn.  --  Unwary;  indiscreet;  inconsiderate;  imprudent;  impolitic;
   careless;   heedless;   thoughtless.   --   In*cau"tious*ly,  adv.  --
   In*cau"tious*ness, n.


   In"ca*va`ted  (?), a. [L. incavatus, p. p. of incavare to make hollow:
   pref  in-  in  + cavare to hollow out, fr. cavus hollow.] Made hollow;
   bent round or in.


   In`ca*va"tion  (?),  n.  Act  of  making  hollow;  also,  a hollow; an
   exvation; a depression.


   In*caved"  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  in  +  cave. Cf. Encave, Incavated.]
   Inclosed in a cave.


   In*cav"erned (?), a. Inclosed or shut up as in a cavern. Drayton.


   In*ced"ing*ly   (?),   adv.   [L.   incedere  to  walk  majestically.]
   Majestically. [R.] C. Bront\'82.


   In`ce*leb"ri*ty  (?),  n. Want of celebrity or distinction; obscurity.
   [R.] Coleridge.


   In*cend"  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  incendere, incensum, to kindle, burn. See
   Incense to inflame.] To inflame; to excite. [Obs.] Marston.


   In*cen"di*a*rism  (?),  n.  [From  Incendiary.] The act or practice of
   maliciously setting fires; arson.


   In*cen"di*a*ry  (?;  277), n.; pl. Incendiaries (#). [L. incendiarius:
   cf. F. incendiaire. See Incense to inflame.]

   1.  Any  person  who  maliciously  sets  fire  to  a building or other
   valuable or other valuable property.

   2. A person who excites or inflames factions, and promotes quarrels or
   sedition; an agitator; an exciter.

     Several cities . . . drove them out as incendiaries. Bentley.


   In*cen"di*a*ry,   a.   [L.   incendiarius,   fr.   incendium  a  fire,
   conflagration: cf. F. incendiaire. See Incense to inflame.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  incendiarism,  or the malicious burning of
   valuable property; as, incendiary material; as incendiary crime.

   2.  Tending  to  excite  or  inflame  factions,  sedition, or quarrel;
   inflammatory; seditious. Paley.
   Incendiary shell, a bombshell. See Carcass, 4.


   In*cen"di*ous (?), a. [L. incendiosus burning, hot.] Promoting faction
   or    contention;    seditious;   inflammatory.   [Obs.]   Bacon.   --
   In*cen"di*ous*ly, adv. [Obs.]


   In*cen"sant  (?),  a.  [See  Incense  to  anger.] (Her.) A modern term
   applied  to  animals (as a boar) when borne as raging, or with furious


   In`cen*sa"tion  (?),  n.  (R.  C.  Ch.)  The offering of incense. [R.]
   Encyc. Brit.


   In*cense"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Incensed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Incensing.]  [L.  incensus, p. p. of incendere; pref. in- in + root of
   candere to glow. See Candle.]

   1. To set on fire; to inflame; to kindle; to burn. [Obs.]

     Twelve  Trojan  princes  wait  on  thee,  and  labor to incense Thy
     glorious heap of funeral. Chapman.

   2.  To  inflame  with  anger;  to  endkindle;  to  fire; to incite; to
   provoke; to heat; to madden.

     The people are incensed him. Shak.

   Syn.  --  To enrage; exasperate; provoke; anger; irritate; heat; fire;


   In"cense  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Incensed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Incensing.] [LL. incensare: cf. F. encenser. See Incense, n.]

   1. To offer incense to. See Incense. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2.  To  perfume  with,  or  as  with,  incense.  "Incensed with wanton
   sweets." Marston.


   In"cense (?), n. [OE. encens, F. encens, L. incensum, fr. incensus, p.
   p. of incendere to burn. See Incense to inflame.]

   1.  The  perfume  or odors exhaled from spices and gums when burned in
   celebrating religious rites or as an offering to some deity.

     A thick of incense went up. Ezek. viii. 11.

   2.  The  materials  used  for  the purpose of producing a perfume when
   burned, as fragrant gums, spices, frankincense, etc.

     Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer,
     and put fire therein, and put incense thereon. Lev. x. 1.

   3. Also used figuratively.

     Or heap the shrine of luxury and pride,

     With incense kindled at the Muse's flame. Gray.

     Incense tree

   ,  the  name of several balsamic trees of the genus Bursera (or Icica)
   mostly  tropical  American.  The  gum  resin  is  used for incense. In
   Jamaica  the  Chrysobalanus  Icaco,  a  tree  related to the plums, is
   called  incense  tree.  --  Incense  wood,  the  fragrant  wood of the
   tropical American tree Bursera heptaphylla.


   In"cense*breath`ing   (?),   a.   Breathing   or   exhaling   incense.
   "Incense-breathing morn." Gray.


   In*censed" (?), a.

   1. Angered; enraged.

   2.  (Her.)  Represented as enraged, as any wild creature depicted with
   fire issuing from mouth and eyes.


   In*cense"ment  (?),  n. Fury; rage; heat; exasperation; as, implacable
   incensement. Shak.


   In*cen"ser (?), n. One who instigates or incites.


   In*cen"sion  (?), n. [L. incensio. See Incense to inflame.] The act of
   kindling, or the state of being kindled or on fire. Bacon.


   In*cen"sive  (?),  a.  Tending  to  excite  or  provoke; inflammatory.


   In*cen"sor (?), n. [L.] A kindler of anger or enmity; an inciter.


   In*cen"so*ry  (?; 277), n.; pl. Incensories (#). [LL. incensorium: cf.
   F.  encensoir.  See  2d  Incense, and cf. Censer.] The vessel in which
   incense is burned and offered; a censer; a thurible. [R.] Evelyn.


   In*cen"sur*a*ble  (?;  135),  a.  [Pref.  in- not + censurable: cf. F.
   incensurable.]  Not  censurable.  Dr.  T. Dwight. -- In*cen"sur*a*bly,


   In*cen"ter  (?),  n.  (Geom.)  The center of the circle inscribed in a


   In*cen"tive  (?), a. [L. incentivus, from incinere to strike up or set
   the tune; pref. in- + canere to sing. See Enchant, Chant.]

   1. Inciting; encouraging or moving; rousing to action; stimulative.

     Competency is the most incentive to industry. Dr. H. More.

   2. Serving to kindle or set on fire. [R.]

     Part incentive reed

     Provide, pernicious with one touch of fire. Milton.


     In*cen"tive, n. [L. incentivum.] That which moves or influences the
     mind,  or  operates  on  the passions; that which incites, or has a
     tendency  to incite, to determination or action; that which prompts
     to good or ill; motive; spur; as, the love of money, and the desire
     of promotion, are two powerful incentives to action.

     The  greatest  obstacles,  the  greatest terrors that come in their
     way, are so far from making them quit the work they had begun, that
     they rather prove incentives to them to go on in it. South.

     Syn.   --   Motive;   spur;  stimulus;  incitement;  encouragement;
     inducement; influence.


     In*cen"tive*ly, adv. Incitingly; encouragingly.


     In*cep"tion  (?), n. [L. inceptio, fr. incipere to begin; pref. in-
     in + capere to take. See Capable.]

     1. Beginning; commencement; initiation. Bacon.

     Marked   with  vivacity  of  inception,  apathy  of  progress,  and
     prematureness of decay. Rawle.

     2. Reception; a taking in. [R.] Poe.


     In*cep"tive  (?), a. Beginning; expressing or indicating beginning;
     as,  an  inceptive  proposition; an inceptive verb, which expresses
     the   beginning   of   action;   --   called  also  inchoative.  --
     In*cep"tive*ly, adv.


     In*cep"tive, n. An inceptive word, phrase, or clause.


     In*cep"tor (?), n. [L.]

     1. A beginner; one in the rudiments. Johnson.

     2.  One  who is on the point of taking the degree of master of arts
     at an English university. Walton.


     In`cer*a"tion  (?), n. [L. incerare to smear with wax; pref. in- in
     +  cerare  to  wax, fr. cera wax: cf. F. inc\'82ration.] The act of
     smearing or covering with wax. B. Jonson.


     In*cer"a*tive (?), a. Cleaving or sticking like wax. Cotgrave.


     In*cer"tain  (?), n. [Pref. in- not + certain: cf. F. incertain, L.
     incertus.   See   Certain.]   Uncertain;   doubtful;  unsteady.  --
     In*cer"tain*ly, adv.

     Very questionable and of uncertain truth. Sir T. Browne.


     In*cer"tain*ty (?), n. Uncertainty. [Obs.] Shak.


     In*cer"ti*tude (?), n. [Cf. F. incertitude, LL. incertitudo, fr. L.
     incertus. See Incertain.] Uncertainty; doubtfulness; doubt.

     The incertitude and instability of this life. Holland.

     He fails . . . from mere incertitude or irresolution. I. Taylor.


     In*cer"tum (?), a. Doubtful; not of definite form.

     Opus incertum

   (Anc.  Arch.),  a kind of masonry employed in building walls, in which
   the stones were not squared nor laid in courses; rubblework.


   In*ces"sa*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  incessabilis; pref. in- not + cessare to
   cease.]  Unceasing;  continual. [Obs.] Shelton. -- In*ces"sa*bly, adv.


   In*ces"san*cy   (?),   n.  [From  Incessant.]  The  quality  of  being
   incessant; unintermitted continuance; unceasingness. Dr. T. Dwight.


   In*ces"sant  (?), a. [L. incessans, -antis; pref. in- not + cessare to
   cease:  cf.  F. incessant. See Cease.] Continuing or following without
   interruption;  unceasing;  unitermitted; uninterrupted; continual; as,
   incessant clamors; incessant pain, etc.

     Against  the  castle  gate,  .  .  . Which with incessant force and
     endless  hate,  They batter'd day and night and entrance did await.

   Syn.   --   Unceasing;   uninterrupted;   unintermitted;  unremitting;
   ceaseless; continual; constant; perpetual.


   In*ces"sant*ly, adv. Unceasingly; continually. Shak.


   In*ces"sion  (?), n. [L. incedere, incessum, to walk.] Motion on foot;
   progress in walking. [Obs.]

     The incession or local motion of animals. Sir T. Browne.


   In"cest  (?),  n.  [F.  inceste,  L.  incestum unchastity, incest, fr.
   incestus  unchaste;  pref.  in-  not + castus chaste. See Chaste.] The
   crime  of  cohabitation  or  sexual  commerce  between persons related
   within  the  degrees  wherein  marriage  is  prohibited  by law. Shak.
   Spiritual  incest. (Eccl. Law) (a) The crime of cohabitation committed
   between  persons  who have a spiritual alliance by means of baptism or
   confirmation.  (b) The act of a vicar, or other beneficiary, who holds
   two benefices, the one depending on the collation of the other.


   In*cest"tu*ous  (?;  135),  a.  [L.  incestuosus:  cf. F. incestueux.]
   Guilty  of  incest;  involving, or pertaining to, the crime of incest;
   as, an incestuous person or connection. Shak.

     Ere  you  reach  to this incestuous love, You must divine and human
     rights remove. Dryden.

   -- In*cest"tu*ous*ly, adv. -- In*cest"tu*ous*ness, n.


   Inch  (?),  n.  [Gael. inis.] An island; -- often used in the names of
   small  islands  off  the coast of Scotland, as in Inchcolm, Inchkeith,
   etc. [Scot.]


   Inch, n. [OE. inche, unche, AS. ynce, L. uncia the twelfth part, inch,
   ounce. See Ounce a weight.]

   1.  A  measure  of  length,  the  twelfth  part  of  a  foot, commonly
   subdivided  into  halves, quarters, eights, sixteenths, etc., as among
   mechanics.  It  was  also  formerly  divided into twelve parts, called
   lines, and originally into three parts, called barleycorns, its length
   supposed  to  have  been determined from three grains of barley placed
   end  to  end  lengthwise.  It is also sometimes called a prime (\'b7),
   composed  of twelve seconds (\'b7\'b7), as in the duodecimal system of
   arithmetic.  <--  \'b7  is the same symbol as the light accent, or the
   "minutes" of an arc. The "seconds" synbol should actually have the two
   strokes  closer  than  in  repeated  "minutes". Here, \'b7\'b7 will be
   interpreted as "seconds" -->

     12  seconds  (\'b7\'b7)  make  1 inch or prime. 12 inches or primes
     (\'b7) make 1 foot. B. Greenleaf.

     NOTE: &hand; The meter, the accepted scientific standard of length,
     equals  39.37  inches;  the  inch is equal to 2.54 centimeters. See
     Metric system, and Meter.

   2. A small distance or degree, whether or time

     Beldame, I think we watched you at an inch. Shak.

   By  inches,  by  slow degrees, gradually. -- Inch of candle. See under
   Candle.  --  Inches of pressure, usually, the pressure indicated by so
   many  inches  of  a  mercury  column,  as on a steam gauge. -- Inch of
   water.  See  under  Water. -- Miner's inch, (Hydraulic Mining), a unit
   for the measurement of water. See Inch of water, under Water.


   Inch (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inching.]

   1. To drive by inches, or small degrees. [R.]

     He  gets too far into the soldier's grace And inches out my master.

   2. To deal out by inches; to give sparingly. [R.]


   Inch,  v.  i. To advance or retire by inches or small degrees; to move

     With  slow  paces measures back the field, And inches to the walls.


   Inch,  a.  Measurement  an  inch  in  any  dimension,  whether length,
   breadth, or thickness; -- used in composition; as, a two-inch cable; a
   four-inch plank. Inch stuff, boards, etc., sawed one inch thick.


   In*cham"ber  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inchambered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inchambering.]  [Pref. in- in + chamber: cf. OF. enchambrer.] To lodge
   in a chamber. [R.] Sherwood.


   In*change`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. Unchangeableness. [Obs.] Kenrick.


   In*chant" (?), v. t. See Enchant.


   In*char"i*ta*ble   (?),   a.   [Cf.  F.  incharitable.]  Uncharitable;
   unfeeling. [Obs.] Shak.


   In*char"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. incharit\'82.] Want of charity. [Obs.]


   In*chase" (?), v. t. See Enchase.


   In*chas"ti*ty   (?),   n.   [Pref.   in-   not   +  chastity:  cf.  F.
   inchastet\'82.] Unchastity. [Obs.] Milton.


   Inched (?), a. Having or measuring (so many) inches; as, a four-inched
   bridge. Shak.


   In*chest" (?), v. t. To put into a chest.


   Inch"i*pin (?), n. See Inchpin.


   Inch"meal`  (?),  n.  [See Meal a part, and cf. Piecemeal.] A piece an
   inch long. By inchmeal, by small degrees; by inches. Shak.


   Inch"meal`, adv. Little by little; gradually.


   In"cho*ate  (?), a. [L. inchoatus, better incohatus, p. p. of incohare
   to  begin.]  Recently,  or  just,  begun; beginning; partially but not
   fully in existence or operation; existing in its elements; incomplete.
   -- In"cho*ate*ly, adv.

     Neither a substance perfect, nor a substance inchoate. Raleigh.


   In"cho*ate (?), v. t. To begin. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.


   In`cho*a"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  inchoatio, incohatio.] Act of beginning;
   commencement; inception.

     The  setting  on  foot some of those arts, in those parts, would be
     looked on as the first inchoation of them. Sir M. Hale.

     It  is  now  in  actual progress, from the rudest inchoation to the
     most elaborate finishing. I. Taylor.


   In*cho"a*tive  (?;  277),  a.  [L.  inchoativus,  incohativus:  cf. F.
   inchoatif.] Expressing or pertaining to a beginning; inceptive; as, an
   inchoative  verb.  "Some inchoative or imperfect rays." W. Montagu. --
   n. An inchoative verb. See Inceptive.


   Inch"pin  (?),  n.  [Written  also inchipin, inche-pinne, inne-pinne.]
   [Cf.  Gael.  inne,  innidh, bowel, entrail.] The sweetbread of a deer.


   Inch"worm`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The larva of any geometrid moth. See


   In*cic"u*ra*ble  (?),  a.  [L. incicur not tame; pref. in- not + cicur
   name.] Untamable. [R.]


   In*cide"  (?),  v. t. [L. incidere; pref. in- in + caedere to cut. See
   Concise,  and  cf. Incise.] To cut; to separate and remove; to resolve
   or break up, as by medicines. [Obs.] Arbuthnot.


   In"ci*dence (?), n. [Cf. F. incidence.]

   1. A falling on or upon; an incident; an event. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

   2. (Physics) The direction in which a body, or a ray of light or heat,
   falls on any surface.

     In   equal   incidences  there  is  a  considerable  inequality  of
     refractions. Sir I. Newton.

   Angle  of  incidence,  the  angle which a ray of light, or the line of
   incidence   of   a   body,  falling  on  any  surface,  makes  with  a
   perpendicular  to  that surface; also formerly, the complement of this
   angle.  --  Line  of  incidence,  the line in the direction of which a
   surface is struck by a body, ray of light, and the like.


   In"ci*den*cy (?), n. Incidence. [Obs.] Shak.


   In"ci*dent  (?), a. [L. incidens, -entis, p. pr. & of incidere to fall
   into  or upon; pref. in- in, on + cadere to fall: cf. F. incident. See

   1.  Falling  or  striking  upon,  as  a ray of light upon a reflecting

   2.  Coming  or  happening  accidentally;  not  in  the usual course of
   things;  not  in  connection  with  the  main design; not according to
   expectation; casual; fortuitous.

     As  the ordinary course of common affairs is disposed of by general
     laws,  so  likewise  men's rarer incident necessities and utilities
     should be with special equity considered. Hooker.

   3.  Liable  to  happen;  apt  to  occur;  befalling;  hence, naturally
   happening or appertaining.

     All chances incident to man's frail life. Milton.

     The studies incident to his profession. Milward.

   4. (Law) Dependent upon, or appertaining to, another thing, called the
   Incident  proposition  (Logic),  a proposition subordinate to another,
   and  introduced  by  who,  which, whose, whom, etc.; as, Julius, whose
   surname was C\'91sar, overcame Pompey. I. Watts.
   In"ci*dent, n. [Cf. F. incident.]
   1.   That  which  falls  out  or  takes  place;  an  event;  casualty;
   Page 744
   2.  That  which  happens  aside from the main design; an accidental or
   subordinate action or event.
     No  person,  no  incident, in a play but must be of use to carry on
     the main design. Dryden.
   3.  (Law)  Something  appertaining  to, passing with, or depending on,
   another,  called  the principal. Tomlins. Syn. -- Circumstance; event;
   fact; adventure; contingency; chance; accident; casualty. See Event.
   In`cin*den"tal  (?),  a.  Happening,  as  an occasional event, without
   regularity;  coming  without design; casual; accidental; hence, not of
   prime    concern;   subordinate;   collateral;   as,   an   incidental
   conversation; an incidental occurrence; incidental expenses.
     By  some,  religious duties . . . appear to be regarded . . . as an
     incidental business. Rogers.
   Syn.   --   Accidental;   casual;   fortuitous;   contingent;  chance;
   collateral.    See   Accidental.   --   In`cen*den"tal*ly,   adv.   --
   In`cen*den"tal*ness, n. 

     I treat either or incidentally of colors. Boyle.


   In`cen*den"tal, n. An incident; that which is incidental; esp., in the
   plural,   an   aggregate   of  subordinate  or  incidental  items  not
   particularized; as, the expense of tuition and incidentals. Pope.


   In"ci*dent*ly (?), adv. Incidentally. [Obs.]


   In*cin"er*a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of being incinerated or reduced to
   ashes. Sir T. Browne.


   In*cin"er*ate   (?),   [LL.   incineratus,  p.  p.  of  incinerare  to
   incinerate; L. pref. in- in + cinis, cineris, ashes.] Reduced to ashes
   by burning; thoroughly consumed. [Obs.] Bacon.


   In*cin"er*ate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incinerated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Incinerating (?).] To burn to ashes; to consume; to burn. Bacon.

     It is the fire only that incinerates bodies. Boyle.


   In*cin`er*a"tion  (?),  n.  [LL. incineratio: cf. F. incin\'82ration.]
   The act of incinerating, or the state of being incinerated; cremation.

     The  phenix  kind,  Of  whose  incineration,  There  riseth  a  new
     creation. Skelton.

                            Incipience, Incipiency

   In*cip"i*ence (?), In*cip"i*en*cy (?), n. [L. incipientia.] Beginning;
   commencement; incipient state.


   In*cip"i*ent  (?),  a. [L. incipiens, p. pr. of incipere to begin. See
   Inception.]  Beginning  to be, or to show itself; commencing; initial;
   as,  the  incipient  stage  of  a  fever;  incipient  light of day. --
   In*cip"i*ent*ly, adv.


   In*cir"cle (?), v. t. See Encircle.


   In*cir"clet  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Encirclet.] A small circle. [Obs.] Sir P.


   In*cir`cum*scrip"ti*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + circumscriptible: cf.
   LL.   incircumscriptibilis.]   Incapable  of  being  circumscribed  or
   limited. Cranmer.


   In*cir`cum*scrip"tion   (?),   n.   Condition   or  quality  of  being
   incircumscriptible or limitless. Jer. Taylor.


   In*cir"cum*spect   (?),   a.   [Pref.  in-  not  +  circumspect.]  Not
   circumspect; heedless; careless; reckless; impolitic. Tyndale.


   In*cir`cum*spec"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  incirconspection.]  Want  of
   circumspection. Sir T. Browne.


   In*cise"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Incised (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Incising.]  [L.  incisus, p. p. of incidere to incise: cf. F. inciser.
   See Incide.]

   1. To cut in or into with a sharp instrument; to carve; to engrave.

     I on thy grave this epitaph incise. T. Carew.

   2. To cut, gash, or wound with a sharp instrument; to cut off.


   In*cised" (?), a.

   1. Cut in; carved; engraved.

   2. (Bot.) Having deep and sharp notches, as a leaf or a petal.


   In*cise"ly (?), adv. In an incised manner.


   In*ci"sion (?), n. [L. incisio: cf. F. incision. See Incise.]

   1. The act of incising, or cutting into a substance. Milton.

   2.  That which is produced by incising; the separation of the parts of
   any substance made by a cutting or pointed instrument; a cut; a gash.

   3. Separation or solution of viscid matter by medicines. [Obs.]


   In*ci"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. incisif.]

   1.  Having the quality of incising, cutting, or penetrating, as with a
   sharp instrument; cutting; hence, sharp; acute; sarcastic; biting. "An
   incisive, high voice." G. Eliot.

     And her incisive smile accrediting That treason of false witness in
     my blush. Mrs. Browning.

   2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the incisors; incisor; as, the incisive
   bones, the premaxillaries.


   In*ci"sor  (?; 277), n. [NL.] (Anat.) One of the teeth in front of the
   canines in either jaw; an incisive tooth. See Tooth.


   In*ci"sor,  a.  Adapted for cutting; of or pertaining to the incisors;
   incisive; as, the incisor nerve; an incisor foramen; an incisor tooth.


   In*ci"so*ry (?), a. Having the quality of cutting; incisor; incisive.


   In*cis"ure  (?;  277),  n.  [L.  incisura: cf. F. incisure.] A cut; an
   incision; a gash. Derham.


   In*cit"ant  (?),  a.  [L.  incitans,  -antis,  p. pr. of incitare. See
   Incite.] Inciting; stimulating.


   In*cit"ant,  n.  That  which  incites;  an  inciting agent or cause; a
   stimulant. E. Darwin.


   In`ci*ta"tion (?), n. [L. incitatio: cf. F. incitation.]

   1. The act of inciting or moving to action.

   2.  That  which  incites  to  action;  that  which  rouses or prompts;
   incitement; motive; incentive.

     The noblest incitation to honest attempts. Tatler.


   In*cit"a*tive  (?),  n.  A provocative; an incitant; a stimulant. [R.]


   In*cite"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Incited (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inciting.]  [L. incitare; pref. in- in + citare to rouse, stir up: cf.
   F.  inciter.  See  Cite.]  To move to action; to stir up; to rouse; to
   spur or urge on.

     Anthiochus,  when he incited Prusias to join in war, set before him
     the greatness of the Romans. Bacon.

     No blown ambition doth our arms incite. Shak.

   Syn.  -- Excite; stimulate; instigate; spur; goad; arouse; move; urge;
   rouse; provoke; encourage; prompt; animate. See Excite.


   In*cite"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. incitement.]

   1. The act of inciting.

   2. That which incites the mind, or moves to action; motive; incentive;
   impulse. Burke.

     From the long records of a distant age, Derive incitements to renew
     thy rage. Pope.

   Syn. -- Motive; incentive; spur; stimulus; impulse; encouragement.


   In*cit"er (?), n. One who, or that which, incites.


   In*cit"ing*ly, adv. So as to incite or stimulate.


   In*ci`to-mo"tor  (?),  a.  [L. incitus incited + E. motor.] (Physiol.)
   Inciting  to  motion;  -- applied to that action which, in the case of
   muscular  motion,  commences  in  the  nerve  centers, and excites the
   muscles to contraction. Opposed to excito-motor.


   In*ci`to-mo"to*ry (?), a. (Physiol.) Incitomotor.


   In*civ"il (?), a. [L. incivilis; pref. in- not + civilis civil: cf. F.
   incivil.] Uncivil; rude. [Obs.] Shak.


   In`ci*vil"i*ty  (?), n.; pl. Incivilities (#). [L. incivilitas: cf. F.

   1.  The  quality or state of being uncivil; want of courtesy; rudeness
   of manner; impoliteness. Shak. Tillotson.

   2. Any act of rudeness or ill breeding.

     Uncomely  jests, loud talking and jeering, which, in civil account,
     are called indecencies and incivilities. Jer. Taylor.

   3. Want of civilization; a state of rudeness or barbarism. [R.] Sir W.
   Raleigh.   Syn.   --  Impoliteness;  uncourteousness;  unmannerliness;
   disrespect; rudeness; discourtesy.


   In*civ`i*li*za"tion  (?), n. [Pref. in- not + civilization.] The state
   of being uncivilized; want of civilization; barbarism.


   In*civ"il*ly (?), adv. Uncivilly. [Obs.] Shak.


   In*civ"ism (?), n. [Pref. in- not + civism: cf. F. incivisme.] Want of
   civism; want of patriotism or love to one's country; unfriendliness to
   one's state or government. [R.] Macaulay.


   In`cla*ma"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  inclamatio.  See  1st  In-, and Claim.]
   Exclamation. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   In*clasp"  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref. in- in + clasp. Cf. Enclasp.] To clasp
   within;  to  hold  fast  to;  to  embrace  or  encircle. [Written also

     The  flattering  ivy  who did ever see Inclasp the huge trunk of an
     aged tree. F. Beaumont.


   In*clau"dent (?), a. Not closing or shutting.


   In"cla*va`ted  (?),  a.  [LL. inclavatus; L. pref. in- in + clavare to
   fasten with nails, fr. clavus nail.] Set; fast; fixed. Dr. John Smith.


   In*clave"  (?),  a.  [See  Inclavated.]  (Her.) Resembling a series of
   dovetails;  --  said  of  a line of division, such as the border of an


   In"cle (?), n. Same as Inkle.


   In*clem"en*cy  (?),  n.; pl. Inclemencies (#). [L. inclementia: cf. F.

   1.  The state or quality of being inclement; want of clemency; want of
   mildness of temper; unmercifulness; severity.

     The inclemency of the late pope. Bp. Hall.

   2. Physical severity or harshness (commonly in respect to the elements
   or weather); roughness; storminess; rigor; severe cold, wind, rain, or

     The inclemencies of morning air. Pope.

     The rude inclemency of wintry skies. Cowper.

   Syn.  --  Harshness;  severity; cruelty; rigor; roughness; storminess;


   In*clem"ent  (?),  a. [L. inclemens; pref. in- not + clemens mild: cf.
   F. incl\'82ment. See Clement.]

   1.  Not  clement;  destitute  of  a  mild  and  kind  temper;  void of
   tenderness; unmerciful; severe; harsh.

   2. Physically severe or harsh (generally restricted to the elements or
   weather);  rough;  boisterous;  stormy;  rigorously  cold,  etc.;  as,
   inclement weather. Cowper.

     The guard the wretched from the inclement sky. Pope.

     Teach us further by what means to shun The inclement seasons, rain,
     ice, hail, and snow! Milton.


   In*clem"ent*ly, adv. In an inclement manner.


   In*clin"a*ble (?), a. [L. inclinabilis. See Incline.]

   1. Leaning; tending.

     Likely and inclinable to fall. Bentley.

   2.  Having  a  propensity  of will or feeling; leaning in disposition;
   disposed; propense; as, a mind inclinable to truth.

     Whatsoever other sins he may be inclinable to. South.

     The  very  constitution of a multitude is not so inclinable to save
     as to destroy. Fuller.


   In*clin"a*ble*ness,  n.  The  state  or  quality  of being inclinable;


   In`clin*na"tion (?), n. [L. inclinatio: cf. F. inclination.]

   1. The act of inclining, or state of being inclined; a leaning; as, an
   inclination of the head.

   2.  A  direction  or  tendency  from  the  true vertical or horizontal
   direction; as, the inclination of a column, or of a road bed.

   3. A tendency towards another body or point

   4.  (Geom.) The angle made by two lines or planes; as, the inclination
   of  the  plane  of the earth's equator to the plane of the ecliptic is
   about 23 28\'b7; the inclination of two rays of light.

   5.  A leaning or tendency of the mind, feelings, preferences, or will;
   propensity; a disposition more favorable to one thing than to another;
   favor; desire; love.

     A  mere  inclination  to  a thing is not properly a willing of that
     thing. South.

     How dost thou find the inclination of the people? Shak.

   6. A person or thing loved or admired. Sir W. Temple.

   7. (Pharm.) Decantation, or tipping for pouring.
   Inclination  compass,  an  inclinometer.  --  Inclination  of an orbit
   (Astron.),   the   angle  which  the  orbit  makes  the  ecliptic.  --
   Inclination  of  the needle. See Dip of the needle, under Dip. Syn. --
   Bent;    tendency;    proneness;    bias;    proclivity;   propensity;
   prepossession;  predilection; attachment; desire; affection; love. See
   Bent, and cf. Disposition.


   In*clin"a*to*ry  (?;  277),  a.  Having  the  quality  of  leaning  or
   inclining; as, the inclinatory needle. -- In*clin"a*to*ri*ly (#), adv.
   Sir T. Browne.


   In*cline"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Inclined (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inclining.]  [OE.  inclinen,  enclinen,  OF.  encliner,  incliner,  F.
   incliner,  L. inclinare; pref. in- in + clinare to bend, incline; akin
   to E. lean. See Lean to incline.]

   1.  To deviate from a line, direction, or course, toward an object; to
   lean;  to tend; as, converging lines incline toward each other; a road
   inclines to the north or south.

   2.  Fig.: To lean or tend, in an intellectual or moral sense; to favor
   an  opinion, a course of conduct, or a person; to have a propensity or
   inclination; to be disposed.

     Their hearts inclined to follow Abimelech. Judges ix. 3.

     Power  finds  its  balance, giddy motions cease In both the scales,
     and each inclines to peace. Parnell.

   3.  To  bow;  to  incline  the  head. Chaucer. Syn. -- To lean; slope;
   slant; tend; bend.


   In*cline", v. t.

   1.  To cause to deviate from a line, position, or direction; to give a
   leaning,  bend,  or  slope  to;  as, incline the column or post to the
   east; incline your head to the right.

     Incline thine ear, O Lord, and hear. Is. xxxvii. 17.

   2.  To  impart  a  tendency  or  propensity  to,  as  to  the  will or
   affections; to turn; to dispose; to influence.

     Incline my heart unto thy testimonies. Ps. cxix. 36.

     Incline our hearts to keep this law. Book of Com. Prayer.

   3.  To  bend; to cause to stoop or bow; as, to incline the head or the
   body in acts of reverence or civility.

     With due respect my body I inclined. Dryden.


   In*cline", n. An inclined plane; an ascent o


   In*clined" (?), p. p. & a.

   1.  Having  a  leaning  or  tendency  towards,  or away from, a thing;
   disposed  or moved by wish, desire, or judgment; as, a man inclined to
   virtue. "Each pensively inclined." Cowper.

   2.  (Math.) Making an angle with some line or plane; -- said of a line
   or plane.

   3.  (Bot.)  Bent out of a perpendicular position, or into a curve with
   the convex side uppermost.
   Inclined  plane.  (Mech.) (a) A plane that makes an oblique angle with
   the  plane  of  the  horizon;  a  sloping  plane. When used to produce
   pressure,  or as a means of moving bodies, it is one of the mechanical
   powers,  so  called.  (b)  (Railroad  &  Canal) An inclined portion of
   track,  on  which trains or boats are raised or lowered from one level
   to another.


   In*clin"er  (?), n. One who, or that which, inclines; specifically, an
   inclined dial.


   In*clin"ing, a. (Bot.) Same as Inclined, 3.


   In*clin"ing, n.

   1. Inclination; disposition.

     On the first inclining towards sleep. Burke.

   2. Party or side chosen; a following.

     Both you of my inclining, and the rest. Shak.


   In`clin*nom"e*ter (?), n. [Incline + -meter.] (Magnetism) An apparatus
   to  determine  the  inclination  of  the earth's magnetic force to the
   plane  of  the  horizon;  --  called also inclination compass, and dip


   In*clip" (?), v. t. To clasp; to inclose.

     Whate'er the ocean pales, or sky inclips. Shak.


   In*clois"ter   (?),   v.   t.   [Pref.  in-  in  +  cloister:  cf.  F.
   enclo\'8ctrer.  Cf.  Encloister.]  To  confine  as  in  a cloister; to
   cloister. Lovelace.


   In*close"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Inclosed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inclosing.] [See Enclose, and cf. Include.] [Written also enclose.]

   1.  To  surround;  to shut in; to confine on all sides; to include; to
   shut  up;  to encompass; as, to inclose a fort or an army with troops;
   to inclose a town with walls.

     How many evils have inclosed me round! Milton.

   2.  To  put  within  a  case, envelope, or the like; to fold (a thing)
   within  another  or into the same parcel; as, to inclose a letter or a
   bank note.

     The inclosed copies of the treaty. Sir W. Temple.

   3.  To  separate from common grounds by a fence; as, to inclose lands.

   4. To put into harness; to harness. [Obs.]

     They went to coach and their horse inclose. Chapman.


   In*clos"er  (?),  n.  One who, or that which, incloses; one who fences
   off land from common grounds.


   In*clo"sure  (?;  135),  n.  [See  Inclose,  Enclosure.] [Written also

   1.  The  act  of  inclosing;  the state of being inclosed, shut up, or
   encompassed; the separation of land from common ground by a fence.

   2.  That  which  is  inclosed  or  placed  within  something;  a thing
   contained; a space inclosed or fenced up.

     Within the inclosure there was a great store of houses. Hakluyt.

   3. That which incloses; a barrier or fence.

     Breaking our inclosures every morn. W. Browne.


   In*cloud"  (?),  v. t. To envelop as in clouds; to darken; to obscure.

   Page 745


   In*clude"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Included;  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Including.]  [L. includere, inclusum; pref. in- in + claudere to shut.
   See Close, and cf. Enclose.]

   1. To confine within; to hold; to contain; to shut up; to inclose; as,
   the  shell  of  a  nut  includes  the kernel; a pearl is included in a

   2.  To  comprehend  or  comprise,  as a genus the species, the whole a
   part, an argument or reason the inference; to contain; to embrace; as,
   this  volume  of  Shakespeare includes his sonnets; he was included in
   the  invitation  to the family; to and including page twenty-five. <--
   usu. up to and including . . . -->

     The whole included race, his purposed prey. Milton.

     The loss of such a lord includes all harm. Shak.

   3. To conclude; to end; to terminate. [Obs.]

     Come, let us go; we will include all jars With triumphs, mirth, and
     rare solemnity. Shak.

   Syn. -- To contain; inclose; comprise; comprehend; embrace; involve.


   In*clud"ed  (?),  a. Inclosed; confined. Included stamens (Bot.), such
   as  are  shorter  than  the  floral envelopes, or are concealed within


   In*clud"i*ble (?), a. Capable of being included.


   In*clu"sa  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL., fr. L. inclusus, p. p. of includere to
   shut in.] (Zo\'94l.) A tribe of bivalve mollusks, characterized by the
   closed  state  of  the  mantle which envelops the body. The ship borer
   (Teredo navalis) is an example.


   In*clu"sion (?), n. [L. inclusio: cf. F. inclusion. See Include.]

   1.  The  act of including, or the state of being included; limitation;
   restriction; as, the lines of inclusion of his policy. Sir W. Temple.

   2.  (Min.)  A  foreign  substance,  either liquid or solid, usually of
   minute size, inclosed in the mass of a mineral.


   In*clu"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. inclusif.]

   1. Inclosing; encircling; surrounding.

     The inclusive verge Of golden metal that must round my brow. Shak.

   2.  Comprehending  the  stated  limit  or extremes; as, from Monday to
   Saturday  inclusive,  that  is, taking in both Monday and Saturday; --
   opposed to exclusive. <-- see include, v.t. 2 -->


   In*clu"sive*ly, adv. In an inclusive manner.


   In*coach" (?), v. t. To put a coach.

                              Incoact, Incoacted

   In`co*act"  (?),  In`co*act"ed  (?), a. [L. incoactus; pref. in- not +
   coactus  forced.  See  Coact.]  Not  compelled;  unconstrained. [Obs.]


   In`co*ag"u*la*ble (?), a. Not coagulable.


   In`co*a*les"cence (?), n. The state of not coalescing.


   In*coct"ed (?), a. [Cf. Concoct.] Raw; indigestible. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   In`co*er"ci*ble   (?),   a.   [Pref.  in-  not  +  coercible:  cf.  F.

   1. Not to be coerced; incapable of being compelled or forced.

   2.  (Physics)  Not capable of being reduced to the form of a liquid by
   pressure;  --  said  of  any  gas  above  its  critical point; -- also
   particularly  of  oxygen,  hydrogen,  nitrogen,  and  carbon monoxide,
   formerly  regarded  as incapable of liquefaction at any temperature or

   3.  (Physics) That can note be confined in, or excluded from, vessels,
   like ordinary fluids, gases, etc.; -- said of the imponderable fluids,
   heat, light, electricity, etc.


   In`co*ex*ist"ence (?), n. The state of not coexisting. [Obs.] Locke.


   In*cog" (?), adv. Incognito. [Colloq.]

     Depend upon it -- he'll remain incog. Addison.


   In*cog"i*ta*ble (?), a. [L. incogitabilis; pref. in- not + cogitabilis
   cogitable.] Not cogitable; inconceivable. Sir T. More.

                           Incogitance, Incogitancy

   In*cog"i*tance (?), In*cog"i*tan*cy (?), n. [L. incogitantia.] Want of
   thought,    or    of   the   power   of   thinking;   thoughtlessness;

     'T  is  folly  and  incogitancy  to  argue anything, one way or the
     other,  from the designs of a sort of beings with whom we so little
     communicate. Glanvill.


   In*cog"i*tant (?), a. [L. incogitans; pref. in- not + cogitans, p. pr.
   of  cogitare  to think. See Cogitate.] Toughtless; inconsiderate. [R.]

     Men are careless and incogitant. J. Goodman.


   In*cog"i*tant*ly, adv. In an incogitant manner.


   In*cog"i*ta*tive  (?),  a.  Not  cogitative; not thinking; wanting the
   power of thought; as, a vegetable is an incogitative being. Locke.


   In*cog`i*ta*tiv"i*ty  (?),  n. The quality of being incogitative; want
   of thought or of the power of thinking. Wollaston.


   In*cog"ni*ta (?), n. [See Incognito.]

   1. A woman who is unknown or in disguise.

   2. The state of being in disguise; -- said of a woman.


   In*cog"ni*tant (?), a. Ignorant. [Obs.]


   In*cog"ni*to  (?),  a. OR adv. [It. incognito, masc., incognita, fem.,
   L.  incognitus  unknown;  pref.  in-  not  +  cognitus known, p. p. of
   cognoscere:  cf.  F.  incognito, fr. It. See Cognition.] Without being
   known;  in  disguise;  in  an  assumed  character, or under an assumed
   title; -- said esp. of great personages who sometimes adopt a disguise
   or an assumed character in order to avoid notice.

     'T was long ago Since gods come down incognito. Prior.

     The prince royal of Persia came thither incognito. Tatler.


   In*cog"ni*to, n.; pl. Incognitos (#). [See Incognito, a.]

   1. One unknown or in disguise, or under an assumed character or name.

   2.  The assumption of disguise or of a feigned character; the state of
   being in disguise or not recognized.

     His incognito was endangered. Sir W. Scott.


   In*cog"ni*za*ble   (?),   a.   Not   cognizable;  incapable  of  being
   recognized, known, or distinguished. H. Spenser.

     The  Lettish  race,  not  a  primitive  stock  of  the Slavi, but a
     distinct branch, now become incognizable. Tooke.


   In*cog"ni*zance (?), n. Failure to cognize, apprehended, or notice.

     This incognizance may be explained. Sir W. Hamilton.


   In*cog"ni*zant  (?),  a.  Not  cognizant;  failing  to  apprehended or

     Of  the  several operations themselves, as acts of volition, we are
     wholly incognizant. Sir W. Hamilton.


   In`cog*nos"ci*ble (?), a. Incognizable. -- In`cog*nos"ci*bil"i*ty (#),

                           Incoherence, Incoherency

   In`co*her"ence (?), In`co*her"en*cy (?), n. [Cf. F. incoh\'82rence.]

   1.  The  quality or state of being incoherent; want of coherence; want
   of cohesion or adherence. Boyle.

   2.  Want  of connection; incongruity; inconsistency; want of agreement
   or  dependence  of  one  part  on  another;  as,  the  incoherence  of
   arguments, facts, etc.

     Incoherences  in  matter,  and  suppositions  without  proofs,  put
     handsomely together, are apt to pass for strong reason. Locke.

   3. That which is incoherent.

     Crude incoherencies . . . and nauseous tautologies. South.


   In`co*her"ent   (?),   a.   [Pref.   in-   not   +  coherent:  cf.  F.

   1.  Not  coherent;  wanting  cohesion;  loose; unconnected; physically
   disconnected;  not  fixed  to  each;  --  said of material substances.

   2.  Wanting  coherence or agreement; incongruous; inconsistent; having
   no  dependence  of  one  part on another; logically disconnected. "The
   same rambling, incoherent manner." Bp. Warburton.


   In`co*her`en*tif"ic  (?),  a.  [E.  incoherent  +  L. facere to make.]
   Causing incoherence. [R.]


   In`co*her"ent*ly  (?),  adv.  In  an  incoherent  manner;  without due
   connection of parts.


   In`co*her"ent*ness, n. Incoherence.


   In`co*in"ci*dence  (?),  n. The quality of being incoincident; want of
   coincidence. [R.]


   In`co*in"ci*dent  (?),  a.  Not  coincident;  not agreeing in time, in
   place, or principle.


   In`co*lu"mi*ty (?), n. [L. incolumitas, fr. incolumis uninjured, safe;
   perh.  fr.  in  intens.  + (doubtful) columis safe.] Safety; security.
   [Obs.] Howell.


   In*com"ber (?), v. t. See Encumber.


   In`com*bine"  (?), v. i. To be incapable of combining; to disagree; to
   differ. [Obs.] Milton.


   In`com*bus`ti*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. incombustilit\'82.] The quality
   of being incombustible.


   In`com*bus"ti*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  combustible:  cf. F.
   incombustible.]   Not   combustible;  not  capable  of  being  burned,
   decomposed,  or  consumed  by  fire; uninflammable; as, asbestus is an
   incombustible  substance;  carbon  dioxide  is  an  incombustible gas.
   Incombustible cloth, a tissue of amianthus or asbestus; also, a fabric
   imbued  with an incombustible substance. -- In`com*bus"ti*ble*ness, n.
   -- In`com*bus"ti*bly, adv.


   In"come (?), n.

   1. A coming in; entrance; admittance; ingress; infusion. [Obs.] Shak.

     More abundant incomes of light and strength from God. Bp. Rust.

     At mine income I louted low. Drant.

   2.  That  which  is  caused  to  enter; inspiration; influence; hence,
   courage or zeal imparted. [R.]

     I would then make in and steep My income in their blood. Chapman.

   3. That gain which proceeds from labor, business, property, or capital
   of  any  kind,  as  the  produce  of  a  farm, the rent of houses, the
   proceeds  of  professional  business,  the  profits  of commerce or of
   occupation, or the interest of money or stock in funds, etc.; revenue;
   receipts; salary; especially, the annual receipts of a private person,
   or a corporation, from property; as, a large income.

     No fields afford So large an income to the village lord. Dryden.

   4.  (Physiol.) That which is taken into the body as food; the ingesta;
   --  sometimes  restricted  to the nutritive, or digestible, portion of
   the food. See Food. Opposed to output.
   Income bond, a bond issued on the income of the corporation or company
   issuing  it, and the interest of which is to be paid from the earnings
   of  the  company  before  any  dividends  are made to stockholders; --
   issued  chiefly or exclusively by railroad companies. -- Income tax, a
   tax  upon  a  person's incomes, emoluments, profits, etc., or upon the
   excess  beyond  a  certain  amount.  Syn.  --  Gain; profit; proceeds;
   salary; revenue; receipts; interest; emolument; produce.


   In"com`er (?), n.

   1. One who comes in.

     Outgoers and incomers. Lew Wallace.

   2. One who succeeds another, as a tenant of land, houses, etc. [Eng.]


   In"com`ing, a.

   1. Coming in; accruing.

     A full incoming profit on the product of his labor. Burke.

   2.  Coming in, succeeding, or following, as occupant or possessor; as,
   in incoming tenant.


   In"com`ing, n.

   1. The act of coming in; arrival.

     The incomings and outgoings of the trains. Dickens.

   2. Income; gain. [R.]

     Many incomings are subject to great fluctuations. Tooke.


   In*com"i*ty (?), n. Want of comity; incivility; rudeness. [R.]

                                 In commendam

   In   com*men"dam  (?).  [See  Commendam.]  (Law)  See  Commendam,  and
   Partnership in Commendam, under Partnership.


   In`com*men`su*ra*bil"i*ty  (?), n. [Cf. F. incommensurabilit\'82.] The
   quality or state of being incommensurable. Reid.


   In`com*men"su*ra*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref. in- not + commensurable: cf. F.
   incommensurable.]  Not  commensurable;  having  no  common  measure or
   standard  of  comparison;  as,  quantities are incommensurable when no
   third  quantity can be found that is an aliquot part of both; the side
   and  diagonal  of  a  square  are incommensurable with each other; the
   diameter and circumference of a circle are incommensurable.

     They are quantities incommensurable. Burke.

   -- In`com*men"su*ra*ble*ness, n. -- In`com*men"su*ra*bly, adv.


   In`com*men"su*ra*ble  (?), n. One of two or more quantities which have
   no common measure.


   In`com*men"su*rate (?), a.

   1.   Not   commensurate;   not   admitting   of   a   common  measure;

   2. Not of equal of sufficient measure or extent; not adequate; as, our
   means   are   incommensurate   to   our  wants.  Syn.  --  Inadequate;
   insufficient;  disproportionate.  --  In`com*men"su*rate*ly,  adv.  --
   In`com*men"su*rate*ness, n.


   In`com*mis"ci*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  incommiscibilis;  pref.  in-  not  +
   commiscibilis that can be mingled.] Not commiscible; not mixable.


   In`com*mix"ture  (?;  135), n. A state of being unmixed; separateness.
   Sir T. Browne.


   In*com"mo*date (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incommodated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Incommodating (?).] [L. incommodare. See Incommode.] To incommode.
   [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   In*com`mo*da"tion   (?),   n.   The   state   of   being   incommoded;
   inconvenience. [Obs.]


   In`com*mode"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Incommoded; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Incommoding.]  [F.  incommoder, L. incommodare inconvenient; pref. in-
   not  +  commodus convenient. See Commodious.] To give inconvenience or
   trouble to; to disturb or molest; to discommode; to worry; to put out;
   as,  we  are  incommoded  by  want of room. Syn. -- To annoy; disturb;
   trouble; molest; disaccomodate; inconvenience; disquiet; vex; plague.


   In`com*mode", n. An inconvenience. [R.] Strype.


   In`com*mode"ment (?), n. The act of incommoded. [Obs.] Cheyne.


   In`com*mo"di*ous  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  commodious:  cf.  LL.
   incommodious,  L. incommodus, F. incommode.] Tending to incommode; not
   commodious;  not  affording  ease  or  advantage;  unsuitable;  giving
   trouble;   inconvenient;   annoying;  as,  an  incommodious  seat;  an
   incommodious    arrangement.    --    In`com*mo"di*ous*ly,   adv.   --
   In`com*mo"di*ous*ness, n.


   In`com*mo"di*ty  (?), n.; pl. Incommodities (#). [L. incommoditas: cf.
   F.   incommodit\'82.   See   Incommodious.]   Inconvenience;  trouble;
   annoyance; disadvantage; encumbrance. [Archaic] Bunyan.

     A great incommodity to the body. Jer. Taylor.

     Buried him under a bulk of incommodities. Hawthorne.


   In`com*mu`ni*ca*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. incommunicabilit\'82.] The
   quality  or  state  of  being  incommunicable,  or  incapable of being


   In`com*mu"ni*ca*ble    (?),    a.   [L.   incommunicabilis:   cf.   F.
   incommunicable.  See  In-  not,  and  Communicable.] Not communicable;
   incapable of being communicated, shared, told, or imparted, to others.

     Health and understanding are incommunicable. Southey.

     Those incommunicable relations of the divine love. South.

   -- In`com*mu"ni*ca*ble*ness, n. -- In`com*mu"ni*ca*bly, adv.


   In`com*mu"ni*ca`ted  (?),  a. Not communicated or imparted. [Obs.] Dr.
   H. More.


   In`com*mu"ni*ca`ting,  a. Having no communion or intercourse with each
   other. [Obs.] Sir M. Hale.


   In`com*mu"ni*ca*tive  (?),  a.  Not  communicative; not free or apt to
   impart  to others in conversation; reserved; silent; as, the messenger
   was  incommunicative;  hence,  not  disposed  to  hold  fellowship  or
   intercourse with others; exclusive.

     The Chinese . . . an incommunicative nation. C. Buchanan.

   --  In`com*mu"ni*ca*tive*ly,  adv.  --  In`com*mu"ni*ca*tive*ness,  n.

     His usual incommunicativeness. G. Eliot.


   In`com*mu`ta*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   [L.   incommutabilitas:   cf.   F.
   incommutabilit\'82.] The quality or state of being incommutable.


   In`com*mut"a*ble  (?), a. [L. incommutabilis: cf. F. incommutable. See
   In-  not,  and  Commutable.]  Not  commutable;  not  capable  of being
   exchanged   with,   or   substituted   for,   another.   Cudworth.  --
   In`com*mut"a*ble*ness, n. -- In`com*mut"a*bly, adv.

                            Incompact, Incompacted

   In`com*pact" (?), In`com*pact"ed, a. Not compact; not having the parts
   firmly united; not solid; incoherent; loose; discrete. Boyle.


   In*com"pa*ra*ble  (?), a. [L. incomparabilis: cf. F. incomparable. See
   In-  not,  and Comparable.] Not comparable; admitting of no comparison
   with   others;  unapproachably  eminent;  without  a  peer  or  equal;
   matchless; peerless; transcendent.

     A merchant of incomparable wealth. Shak.

     A new hypothesis . . . which hath the incomparable Sir Isaac Newton
     for a patron. Bp. Warburton.

   -- In*com"pa*ra*ble*ness, n. -- In*com"pa*ra*bly, adv.

     Delights incomparably all those corporeal things. Bp. Wilkins.


   In`com*pared" (?), a. Peerless; incomparable. [Obs.] Spenser.


   In*com"pass (?), v. t. See Encompass.


   In`com*pas"sion   (?),   n.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  compassion:  cf.  F.
   incompassion.] Want of compassion or pity. [Obs.] Bp. Sanderson.


   In`com*pas"sion*ate  (?),  a.  Not  compassionate;  void of pity or of
   tenderness;    remorseless.   --   In`com*pas"sion*ate*ly,   adv.   --
   In`com*pas"sion*ate*ness, n.


   In`com*pat`i*bil"i*ty    (?),    n.;    pl.    -ties    (.   [Cf.   F.
   incompatibilit\'82.]  The  quality  or  state  of  being incompatible;
   inconsistency; irreconcilableness.


   In`com*pat"i*ble   (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  compatible:  cf.  F.
   incompatible.] [It was formerly sometimes written incompetible.]

   1.  Not  compatible;  so  differing  as  to be incapable of harmonious
   combination   or   coexistence;  inconsistent  in  thought  or  being;
   irreconcilably  disagreeing;  as,  persons  of  incompatible  tempers;
   incompatible colors, desires, ambition.

     A strength and obduracy of character incompatible with his meek and
     innocent nature. Southey.

   Page 746

   2.  (Chem.)  Incapable  of  being  together without mutual reaction or
   decomposition, as certain medicines.
   Incompatible  terms  (Logic),  terms  which  can  not  be  combined in
   thought.    Syn.    --    Inconsistent;    incongruous;    dissimilar;
   irreconcilable;  unsuitable;  disagreeing;  inharmonious;  discordant;
   repugnant; contradictory. See Inconsistent.


   In`com*pat"i*ble  (?),  n.  (Med.  & Chem.) An incompatible substance;
   esp.,  in pl., things which can not be placed or used together because
   of   a  change  of  chemical  composition  or  of  opposing  medicinal
   qualities; as, the incompatibles of iron.


   In`com*pat"i*ble*ness,  n. The quality or state of being incompatible;


   In`com*pat"i*bly,  adv.  In  an  incompatible  manner; inconsistently;

                          Incompetence, Incompetency

   In*com"pe*tence (?), In*com"pe*tency (?), n. [Cf. F. incomp\'82tence.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  incompetent; want of physical,
   intellectual,  or  moral  ability;  insufficiency; inadequacy; as, the
   incompetency  of  a  child hard labor, or of an idiot for intellectual
   efforts. "Some inherent incompetency." Gladstone.

   2.   (Law)   Want   of   competency   or  legal  fitness;  incapacity;
   disqualification,  as  of a person to be heard as a witness, or to act
   as  a  juror,  or  of  a  judge  to  try  a  cause. Syn. -- Inability;
   insufficiency; inadequacy; disqualification; incapability; unfitness.


   In*com"pe*tent (?), a. [L. incompetens: cf. F. incomp\'82tent. See In-
   not, and Competent.]

   1.  Not  competent;  wanting  in  adequate  strength, power, capacity,
   means,  qualifications,  or  the  like; incapable; unable; inadequate;

     Incompetent to perform the duties of the place. Macaulay.

   2.   (Law)   Wanting   the  legal  or  constitutional  qualifications;
   inadmissible;  as, a person professedly wanting in religious belief is
   an  incompetent  witness  in  a  court  of  law or equity; incompetent

     Richard  III.  had  a resolution, out of hatred to his brethren, to
     disable  their issues, upon false and incompetent pretexts, the one
     of attainder, the other of illegitimation. Bacon.

   3.  Not  lying within one's competency, capacity, or authorized power;
   not  permissible. Syn. -- Incapable; unable; inadequate; insufficient;
   inefficient; disqualified; unfit; improper. -- Incompetent, Incapable.
   Incompetent  is  a  relative  term,  denoting  a want of the requisite
   qualifications for performing a given act, service, etc.; incapable is
   absolute  in  its  meaning,  denoting want of power, either natural or
   moral.  We  speak  of  a  man  as incompetent to a certain task, of an
   incompetent  judge,  etc.  We  say of an idiot that he is incapable of
   learning to read; and of a man distinguished for his honor, that he is
   incapable of a mean action.


   In*com"pe*tent*ly,   adv.   In   an  competent  manner;  inadequately;


   In`com*pet`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. See Incompatibility.


   In`com*pet"i*ble (?), a. See Incompatible.


   In`com*plete"  (?), a. [L. incompletus: cf. F. incomplet. See In- not,
   and Complete.]

   1.  Not  complete;  not  filled  up;  not finished; not having all its
   parts, or not having them all adjusted; imperfect; defective.

     A most imperfect and incomplete divine. Milton.

   2. (Bot.) Wanting any of the usual floral organs; -- said of a flower.
   Incomplete  equation  (Alg.),  an  equation  some  of  whose terms are
   wanting;  or  one  in which the coefficient of some one or more of the
   powers of the unknown quantity is equal to 0.


   In`com*plete"ly, adv. In an incomplete manner.


   In`com*plete"ness,  n.  The  state of being incomplete; imperfectness;
   defectiveness. Boyle.


   In`com*ple"tion (?), n. Want of completion; incompleteness. Smart.


   In`com*plex" (?), a. [Pref. in- not + complex: cf. F. incomplexe.] Not
   complex; uncompounded; simple. Barrow.


   In`com*pli"a*ble (?), a. Not compliable; not conformable.


   In`com*pli"ance (?), n.

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being incompliant; unyielding temper;

     Self-conceit  produces  peevishness  and  incompliance  of humor in
     things lawful and indifferent. Tillotson.

   2. Refusal or failure to comply. Strype.


   In`com*pli"ant   (?),   a.   Not  compliant;  unyielding  to  request,
   solicitation, or command; stubborn. -- In`com*pli"ant*ly, adv.


   In`com*posed"   (?),  a.  Disordered;  disturbed.  [Obs.]  Milton.  --
   In`com*po"sed*ly (#), adv. [Obs.] -- In`com*pos"ed*ness, n. [Obs.]


   In`com*pos"ite   (?),   a.   [L.  incompositus.  See  Composite.]  Not
   composite;   uncompounded;  simple.  Incomposite  numbers.  See  Prime
   numbers, under Prime.


   In`com*pos"si*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  compossible:  cf. F.
   incompossible.]   Not   capable   of  joint  existence;  incompatible;
   inconsistent. [Obs.]

     Ambition and faith . . . are . . . incompossible. Jer. Taylor.

   -- In`com*pos`si*bil"i*ty (#), n. [Obs.]


   In*com`pre*hense"   (?),  a.  [L.  incomprehensus.]  Incomprehensible.
   [Obs.] "Incomprehense in virtue." Marston.


   In*com`pre*hen`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. incompr\'82hensibilit\'82.]
   The  quality  of  being incomprehensible, or beyond the reach of human
   intellect; incomprehensibleness; inconceivability; inexplicability.

     The   constant,   universal  sense  of  all  antiquity  unanimously
     confessing  an  incomprehensibility  in many of the articles of the
     Christian faith. South.


   In*com`pre*hen"si*ble   (?),   a.   [L.   incomprehensibilis:  cf.  F.
   incompr\'82hensible. See In- not, and Comprehensible.]

   1. Not capable of being contained within limits.

     An infinite and incomprehensible substance. Hooker.

   2.  Not  capable of being comprehended or understood; beyond the reach
   of the human intellect; inconceivable.

     And   all   her   numbered   stars   that   seem   to  roll  Spaces
     incomprehensible. Milton.

   -- In*com`pre*hen"si*ble*ness, n. -- In*com`pre*hen"si*bly, adv.


   In*com`pre*hen"sion  (?),  n.  Want of comprehension or understanding.
   "These mazes and incomprehensions." Bacon.


   In*com`pre*hen"sive   (?),   a.  Not  comprehensive;  not  capable  of
   including   or   of   understanding;   not   extensive;   limited.  --
   In*com`pre*hen"sive*ly,      a.      Sir      W.      Hamilton.     --
   In*com`pre*hen"sive*ness, n. T. Warton.


   In`com*press`i*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. incompressibilit\'82.] The
   quality  of  being incompressible, or incapable of reduction in volume
   by pressure; -- formerly supposed to be a property of liquids.

     The incompressibility of water is not absolute. Rees.


   In`com*press"i*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  + compressible: cf. F.
   incompressible.] Not compressible; incapable of being reduced by force
   or  pressure  into a smaller compass or volume; resisting compression;
   as,  many  liquids  and  solids appear to be almost incompressible. --
   In`com*press"i*ble*ness, n.


   In`com*put"a*ble (?), a. Not computable.


   In`con*ceal"a*ble    (?),    a.    Not   concealable.   "Inconcealable
   imperfections." Sir T. Browne.


   In`con*ceiv`a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality of being inconceivable;

     The inconceivability of the Infinite. Mansel.


   In`con*ceiv"a*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  conceivable:  cf. F.
   inconcevable.]  Not  conceivable;  incapable of being conceived by the
   mind;  not  explicable  by  the  human  intellect,  or  by  any  known
   principles  or  agencies; incomprehensible; as, it is inconceivable to
   us how the will acts in producing muscular motion.

     It  is  inconceivable  to  me  that  a  spiritual  substance should
     represent an extended figure. Locke.

   -- In`con*ceiv"a*ble*ness, n. -- In`con*ceiv"a*bly, adv.

     The  inconceivableness of a quality existing without any subject to
     possess it. A. Tucker.


   In`con*cep"ti*ble (?), a. Inconceivable. [Obs.] Sir M. Hale.


   In`con*cern"ing  (?),  a.  Unimportant; trifling. [Obs.] "Trifling and
   inconcerning matters." Fuller.


   In`con*cinne"  (?),  a.  [See  Inconcinnous.] Dissimilar; incongruous;
   unsuitable. [Obs.] Cudworth.


   In`con*cin"ni*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  inconcinnitas.] Want of concinnity or
   congruousness; unsuitableness.

     There is an inconcinnity in admitting these words. Trench.


   In`con*cin"nous (?), a. [L. inconcinnus. See In- not, and Concinnity.]
   Not concinnous; unsuitable; discordant. [Obs.] Cudworth.


   In`con*clud"ent (?), a. Not inferring a conclusion or consequence; not
   conclusive. [Obs.]


   In`con*clud"ing, a. Inferring no consequence. [Obs.]


   In`con*clu"sive  (?), a. Not conclusive; leading to no conclusion; not
   closing  or  settling  a  point in debate, or a doubtful question; as,
   evidence  is  inconclusive  when  it  does  not exhibit the truth of a
   disputed  case in such a manner as to satisfy the mind, and put an end
   to debate or doubt.

     Arguments . . . inconclusive and impertinent. South.

   -- In`con*clu"sive*ly, adv. -- In`con*clu"sive*ness, n.


   In`con*coct"  (?),  a.  [L.  pref.  in-  not  +  concoctus,  p.  p. of
   concoquere. See Concoct.] Inconcocted. [Obs.]


   In`con*coct"ed,  a. [Pref. in- not + concocted.] Imperfectly digested,
   matured, or ripened. [Obs.] Bacon.


   In`con*coc"tion  (?),  n.  The  state of being undigested; unripeness;
   immaturity. [Obs.] Bacon.


   In*con"crete  (?), a. [L. inconcretus incorporeal.] Not concrete. [R.]
   L. Andrews.


   In`con*cur"ring, a. Not concurring; disagreeing. [R.] Sir T. Browne.


   In`con*cus"si*ble  (?),  a. [Pref. in- not + L. concussibilis that can
   be shaken. See Concussion.] Not concussible; that cannot be shaken.

                      Incondensability, Incondensibility

   In`con*den`sa*bil"i*ty (?), In`con*den`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality
   or state of being incondensable.

                         Incondensable, Incondensible

   In`con*den"sa*ble   (?),   In`con*den"si*ble,   a.   Not  condensable;
   incapable  of  being  made more dense or compact, or reduced to liquid


   In"con*dite  (?; 277), a. [L. inconditus; pref. in- not + conditus, p.
   p.  of  condere  to  put  or  join together. See Condition.] Badly put
   together;  inartificial; rude; unpolished; irregular. "Carol incondite
   rhymes." J. Philips.


   In`con*di"tion*al  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  conditional:  cf. F.
   inconditionnel.] Unconditional. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   In`con*di"tion*ate  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  + conditionate: cf. F.
   inconditionn\'82.]  Not  conditioned;  not  limited;  absolute. [Obs.]


   In`con*form"  (?), a. [Pref. in- not + conform.] Unconformable. [Obs.]


   In`con*form"a*ble (?), a. Unconformable. [Obs.]


   In`con*form"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. inconformit\'82.] Want of conformity;
   nonconformity. [Obs.]


   In`con*fused" (?), a. Not confused; distinct. [Obs.]


   In`con*fu"sion  (?)  n.  Freedom  from confusion; distinctness. [Obs.]


   In`con*fut"a*ble  (?),  a.  Not  confutable. -- In`con*fut"a*bly, adv.
   [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.


   In`con*geal"a*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  incongelabilis.  See  Congeal.]  Not
   congealable;  incapable of being congealed. -- In`con*geal"a*ble*ness,


   In`con*gen"ial   (?),   a.   Not   congenial;   uncongenial.  [R.]  --
   In`con*ge`ni*al"i*ty (#). [R.] <-- no POS in original for -ity -->


   In*con"gru*ence  (?),  n.  [L.  incongruentia.]  Want  of  congruence;
   incongruity. Boyle.


   In*con"gru*ent  (?),  a. [L. incongruens. See In- not, and Congruent.]
   Incongruous. Sir T. Elyot.


   In`con*gru"i*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Incongruities  (#).  [Pref. in- not +
   congruity: cf. F. incongruit\'82.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being incongruous; want of congruity;
   unsuitableness; inconsistency; impropriety.

     The  fathers  make use of this acknowledgment of the incongruity of
     images  to  the  Deity, from thence to prove the incongruity of the
     worship of them. Bp. Stillingfleet.

   2. Disagreement of parts; want of symmetry or of harmony. [Obs.]

   3. That which is incongruous; want of congruity.


   In*con"gru*ous  (?),  a.  [L. incongruus. See In- not, and Congruous.]
   Not congruous; reciprocally disagreeing; not capable of harmonizing or
   readily  assimilating;  inharmonious;  inappropriate;  unsuitable; not
   fitting;   inconsistent;   improper;   as,   an   incongruous  remark;
   incongruous  behavior,  action,  dress,  etc. "Incongruous mixtures of
   opinions." I. Taylor. "Made up of incongruous parts." Macaulay.

     Incongruous denotes that kind of absence of harmony or suitableness
     of  which  the  taste and experience of men takes cognizance. C. J.

   Incongruous  numbers  (Arith.),  two numbers, which, with respect to a
   third, are such that their difference can not be divided by it without
   a remainder, the two numbers being said to be incongruous with respect
   to  the  third;  as, twenty-five are incongruous with respect to four.
   Syn.  --  Inconsistent; unsuitable; inharmonious; disagreeing; absurd;
   inappropriate;     unfit;     improper.     See    Inconsistent.    --
   In*con"gru*ous*ly, adv. -- In*con"gru*ous*ness, n.
   In`con*nect"ed   (?),   a.   Not  connected;  disconnected.  [R.]  Bp.
   In`con*nec"tion (?), n. Disconnection.
   In`con*nex"ed*ly (?), adv. [Pref. in- not + connexed (p. p. of connex)
   + -ly.] Not connectedly; without connection. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne. 


   In*con"scion*a*ble (?), a. Unconscionable. [Obs.] Spenser.


   In*con"scious (?), a. Unconscious. [Obs.]


   In`con*sec"u*tive*ness  (?),  n.  The  state  or  quality of not being
   consecutive. J. H. Newman.


   In*con"se*quence (?), n. [L. inconsequentia: cf. F. incons\'82quence.]
   The  quality  or  state of being inconsequent; want of just or logical
   inference or argument; inconclusiveness. Bp. Stillingfleet.

     Strange,  that  you  should  not  see the inconsequence of your own
     reasoning! Bp. Hurd.


   In*con"se*quent  (?), a. [L. inconsequens: cf. F. incons\'82quent. See
   In-  not,  and  Consequent.]  Not  following  from  the  premises; not
   regularly  inferred;  invalid;  not  characterized  by logical method;
   illogical; arbitrary; inconsistent; of no consequence.

     Loose and inconsequent conjectures. Sir T. Browne.


   In*con`se*quen"tial (?), a. Not regularly following from the premises;
   hence,  irrelevant;  unimportant;  of no consequence. Chesterfield. --
   In*con`se*quen"tial*ly (#), adv.


   In*con`se*quen`ti*al"i*ty (?), n. The state of being inconsequential.


   In*con"se*quent*ness (?), n. Inconsequence.


   In`con*sid"er*a*ble    (?),   a.   Not   considerable;   unworthy   of
   consideration   or   notice;   unimportant;  small;  trivial;  as,  an
   inconsiderable distance; an inconsiderable quantity, degree, value, or
   sum.  "The  baser  scum and inconsiderable dregs of Rome." Stepney. --
   In`con*sid"er*a*ble*ness, n. -- In`con*sid"er*a*bly, adv.


   In`con*sid"er*a*cy  (?), n. Inconsiderateness; thoughtlessness. [Obs.]


   In`con*sid"er*ate  (?),  a.  [L.  inconsideratus.  See  In-  not,  and

   1.  Not  considerate;  not  attentive  to  safety or to propriety; not
   regarding   the   rights  or  feelings  of  others;  hasty;  careless;
   thoughtless;  heedless;  as,  the  young  are generally inconsiderate;
   inconsiderate conduct.

     It   is   a   very   unhappy   token   of   our   corruption,  that
     therinconsiderate  among  us  as to sacrifice morality to politics.

   2.  Inconsiderable. [Obs.] E. Terry. Syn. -- Thoughtless; inattentive;
   inadvertent;  heedless;  negligent;  improvident; careless; imprudent;
   indiscreet; incautious; injudicious; rash; hasty.


   In`con*sid"er*ate*ly, adv. In an inconsiderate manner.


   In`con*sid"er*ate*ness,   n.   The   quality   or   state   of   being
   inconsiderate. Tillotson.


   In`con*sid`er*a"tion    (?),    n.    [L.   inconsideratio:   cf.   F.
   inconsid\'82ration.]   Want   of  due  consideration;  inattention  to
   consequences; inconsiderateness.

     Blindness of mind, inconsideration, precipitation. Jer. Taylor.

     Not  gross,  willful, deliberate, crimes; but rather the effects of
     inconsideration. Sharp.


   In`con*sist"ence (?), n. Inconsistency.


   In`con*sist"en*cy   (?),   n.;   pl.   Inconsistencies  (#).  [Cf.  F.

   1.  The quality or state of being inconsistent; discordance in respect
   to  sentiment or action; such contrariety between two things that both
   can not exist or be true together; disagreement; incompatibility.

     There  is a perfect inconsistency between that which is of debt and
     that which is of free gift. South.

   2.    Absurdity    in   argument   ore   narration;   incoherence   or
   irreconcilability in the parts of a statement, argument, or narration;
   that which is inconsistent.

     If  a  man  would  register  all  his opinions upon love, politics,
     religion,  and  learning,  what  a  bundle  of  inconsistencies and
     contradictions would appear at last! Swift.

   3.  Want  of  stability  or  uniformity; unsteadiness; changeableness;

     Mutability  of  temper,  and  inconsistency  with ourselves, is the
     greatest weakness of human nature. Addison.


   In`con*sist"ent   (?),   a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  consistent:  cf.  F.

   1.  Not consistent; showing inconsistency; irreconcilable; discordant;
   at   variance,  esp.  as  regards  character,  sentiment,  or  action;
   incompatible; incongruous; contradictory.

   Page 747

     Compositions  of  this nature . . . show that wisdom and virtue are
     far  from  being  inconsistent  with  politeness  and  good  humor.

   2.  Not  exhibiting  uniformity of sentiment, steadiness to principle,
   etc.; unequal; fickle; changeable.

     Ah,  how  unjust to nature, and himself, Is thoughtless, thankless,
     inconsistent man. Young.

   Syn.   --   Incompatible;   incongruous;  irreconcilable;  discordant;
   repugnant;  contradictory. -- Inconsistent, Incongruous, Incompatible.
   Things are incongruous when they are not suited to each other, so that
   their  union is unbecoming; inconsistent when they are opposed to each
   other,  so  as render it improper or wrong; incompatible when they can
   not  coexist,  and  it is therefore impossible to unite them. Habitual
   levity  of  mind is incongruous with the profession of a clergyman; it
   is  inconsistent with his ordination vows; it is incompatible with his
   permanent  usefulness. Incongruity attaches to the modes and qualities
   of  things;  incompatibility  attaches  to their essential attributes;
   inconsistency attaches to the actions, sentiments, etc., of men.


   In`con*sist"ent*ly (?), adv. In an inconsistent manner.


   In`con*sist"ent*ness, n. Inconsistency. [R.]


   In`con*sist"ing (?), a. Inconsistent. [Obs.]


   In`con*sol"a*ble  (?), a. [L. inconsolabilis: cf. F. inconsolable. See
   In-  not,  and  Console.] Not consolable; incapable of being consoled;
   grieved beyond susceptibility of comfort; disconsolate. Dryden.

     With inconsolable distress she griev'd, And from her cheek the rose
     of beauty fied. Falconer.

   -- In`con*sol"a*ble*ness, n. -- In`con*sol"a*bly, adv.

                          Inconsonance, Inconsonancy

   In*con"so*nance  (?),  In*con"so*nan*cy  (?), n. Want of consonance or
   harmony of sound, action, or thought; disagreement.


   In*con"so*nant  (?),  a. [L. inconsonans. See In- not, and Consonant.]
   Not    consonant    or    agreeing;   inconsistent;   discordant.   --
   In*con"so*nant*ly, adv.


   In`con*spic"u*ous   (?),   a.  [L.  inconspicuus.  See  In-  not,  and
   Conspicuous.]  Not  conspicuous  or noticeable; hardly discernible. --
   In`con*spic"u*ous*ly, adv. -- In`con*spic"u*ous*ness, n. Boyle.


   In*con"stance (?), n. [F. See Inconstancy.] Inconstancy. Chaucer.


   In*con"stan*cy  (?),  n.  [L.  inconstantia.]  The quality or state of
   being   inconstant;   want   of   constancy;  mutability;  fickleness;

     For  unto  knight  there  was  no greater shame, Than lightness and
     inconstancie in love. Spenser.


   In*con"stant  (?),  a. [L. inconstans: cf. F. inconstant. See In- not,
   and  Constant.] Not constant; not stable or uniform; subject to change
   of  character, appearance, opinion, inclination, or purpose, etc.; not
   firm;  unsteady;  fickle;  changeable; variable; -- said of persons or
   things;  as,  inconstant in love or friendship. "The inconstant moon."

     While we, inquiring phantoms of a day, Inconstant as the shadows we
     survey! Boyse.

   Syn.  --  Mutable;  fickle;  volatile; unsteady; unstable; changeable;
   variable; wavering; fluctuating.


   In*con"stant*ly, adv. In an inconstant manner.


   In`com*sum"a*ble  (?), a. Not consumable; incapable of being consumed,
   wasted, or spent. Paley. -- In`con*sum"a*bly, adv.


   In`con*sum"mate   (?),   a.   [L.  inconsummatus.  See  In-  not,  and
   Consummate.]  Not  consummated; not finished; incomplete. Sir M. Hale.
   -- In`con*sum"mate*ness, n.


   In`con*sump"ti*ble (?), a. [L. inconsumptibilis.] Inconsumable. [Obs.]
   Sir K. Digby.


   In`con*tam"i*nate  (?),  a. [L. incontamina. See In- not, and not, and
   Contaminate.]      Not      contaminated;      pure.     Moore.     --
   In`con*tam"i*nate*ness, n.


   In*con`ten*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [See  In- not, and Content.] Discontent.
   [Obs.] Goodwin.


   In`con*test`a*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being


   In`con*test"a*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  contestable:  cf. F.
   incontestable.]  Not  contestable;  not to be disputed; that cannot be
   called  in  question  or controverted; incontrovertible; indisputable;
   as,   incontestable   evidence,   truth,  or  facts.  Locke.  Syn.  --
   Incontrovertible;      indisputable;     irrefragable;     undeniable;
   unquestionable;  intuitable; certain. -- In`con*test"a*ble*ness, n. --
   In`con*test"a*bly, adv.


   In`con*test"ed, a. Not contested. Addison.


   In`con*tig"u*ous  (?), a. [L. incontiguus that can not be touched. See
   In- not, and Contiguous.] Not contiguous; not adjoining or in contact;
   separate. Boyle. -- In`con*tig"u*ous*ly, adv.

                          Incontinence, Incontinency

   In*con"ti*nence  (?),  In*con"ti*nen*cy (?), n. [L. incontinentia: cf.
   F. incontinence.]

   1. Incapacity to hold; hence, incapacity to hold back or restrain; the
   quality  or state of being incontinent; want of continence; failure to
   restrain the passions or appetites; indulgence of lust; lewdness.

     That Satan tempt you not for your incontinency. 1 Cor. vii. 5.

     From the rash hand of bold incontinence. Milton.

   2.  (Med.)  The  inability of any of the animal organs to restrain the
   natural  evacuations,  so  that  the  discharges  are involuntary; as,
   incontinence of urine.


   In*con"ti*nent  (?),  a.  [L. incontinens: cf. F. incontinent. See In-
   not, and Continent.]

   1.  Not  continent;  uncontrolled;  not  restraining  the  passions or
   appetites,  particularly the sexual appetite; indulging unlawful lust;
   unchaste; lewd.

   2. (Med.) Unable to restrain natural evacuations.


   In*con"ti*nent, n. One who is unchaste. B. Jonson.


   In*con"ti*nent,  adv.  [Cf.  F. incontinent.] Incontinently; instantly
   immediately. [Obs.]

     He says he will return incontinent. Shak.


   In*con"ti*nent*ly, adv.

   1.  In  an  incontinent  manner;  without  restraint,  or  without due
   restraint; -- used esp. of the passions or appetites.

   2. Immediately; at once; forthwith. [Archaic]

     Immediately he sent word to Athens that he would incontinently come
     hither with a host of men. Golding.


   In`con*tract"ed (?), a. Uncontracted. [Obs.] Blackwall.


   In`con*trol"la*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  + controllable: cf. F.
   incontr\'93lable.]     Not     controllable;     uncontrollable.    --
   In`con*trol"la*bly, adv. South.


   In*con`tro*ver`ti*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  state or condition of being


   In*con`tro*ver"ti*ble (?), a. Not controvertible; too clear or certain
   to    admit    of   dispute;   indisputable.   Sir   T.   Browne.   --
   In*con`tro*ver"ti*ble*ness, n. -- In*con`tro*ver"ti*bly, adv.


   In`con*ven"ience  (?),  n.  [L.  inconvenientia inconsistency: cf. OF.

   1.   The   quality   or  condition  of  being  inconvenient;  want  of
   convenience; unfitness; unsuitableness; inexpediency; awkwardness; as,
   the inconvenience of the arrangement.

     They  plead  against the inconvenience, not the unlawfulness, . . .
     of ceremonies in burial. Hooker.

   2.   That   which   gives   trouble,   embarrassment,  or  uneasiness;
   disadvantage;  anything  that  disturbs  quiet, impedes prosperity, or
   increases  the  difficulty of action or success; as, one inconvenience
   of life is poverty.

     A  place  upon  the top of Mount Athos above all clouds of rain, or
     other inconvenience. Sir W. Raleigh.

     Man is liable to a great many inconveniences. Tillotson.

   Syn.   --   Incommodiousness;   awkwardness;  disadvantage;  disquiet;
   uneasiness; disturbance; annoyance.


   In`con*ven"ience,  v. t. To put to inconvenience; to incommode; as, to
   inconvenience a neighbor.


   In`con*ven"ien*cy (?), n. Inconvenience.


   In`con*ven"ient   (?),   a.   [L.  inconveniens  unbefitting:  cf.  F.
   inconv\'82nient. See In- not, and Convenient.]

   1. Not becoming or suitable; unfit; inexpedient.

   2. Not convenient; giving trouble, uneasiness, or annoyance; hindering
   progress  or  success;  uncomfortable;  disadvantageous; incommodious;
   inopportune; as, an inconvenient house, garment, arrangement, or time.
   Syn.   --   Unsuitable;   uncomfortable;   disaccommodating;  awkward;
   unseasonable; inopportune; incommodious; disadvantageous; troublesome;
   cumbersome; embarrassing; objectionable.


   In`con*ven"ient*ly,  adv.  In  an inconvenient manner; incommodiously;
   unsuitably; unseasonably.


   In`con*vers"a*ble (?), a. Incommunicative; unsocial; reserved. [Obs.]


   In*con"ver*sant  (?),  a.  Not conversant; not acquainted; not versed;


   In`con*vert"ed  (?),  a.  Not  turned  or  changed  about. [R.] Sir T.


   In`con*vert`i*bil"i*ty  (?), n. [L. inconvertibilitas.] The quality or
   state  of  being inconvertible; not capable of being exchanged for, or
   converted  into,  something  else;  as,  the  inconvertibility  of  an
   irredeemable currency, or of lead, into gold.


   In`con*vert"i*ble  (?),  a. [L. inconvertibilis: cf. F. inconvertible.
   See  In-  not, and Convertible.] Not convertible; not capable of being
   transmuted,  changed  into,  or exchanged for, something else; as, one
   metal   is  inconvertible  into  another;  bank  notes  are  sometimes
   inconvertible into specie. Walsh.


   In`con*vert"i*ble*ness, n. Inconvertibility.


   In`con*vert"i*bly, adv. In an inconvertible manner.


   In`con*vin"ci*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  inconvincibilis.  See  In-  not, and
   Convince.] Not convincible; incapable of being convinced.

     None  are  so inconvincible as your half-witted people. Gov. of the


   In`con*vin"ci*bly, adv. In a manner not admitting of being convinced.


   In*co"ny  (?),  a.  [Cf.  Conny,  Canny.]  Unlearned; artless; pretty;
   delicate. [Obs.]

     Most sweet jests! most incony vulgar wit! Shak.


   In`co*\'94r"di*nate (?), a. Not co\'94rdinate.


   In`co*\'94r`di*na"tion  (?),  n.  Want  of  co\'94rdination;  lack  of
   harmonious   adjustment   or  action.  Inco\'94rdination  of  muscular
   movement   (Physiol.),   irregularity   in  movements  resulting  from
   inharmonious action of the muscles in consequence of loss of voluntary
   control over them.


   In*cor"o*nate  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  in  +  coronate.]  Crowned. [R.]


   In*cor"po*ral (?), a. [L. incorporalis. See In- not, and Corporal, and
   cf.  Incorporeal.]  Immaterial;  incorporeal; spiritual. [Obs.] Sir W.


   In*cor`po*ral"i*ty    (?),    n.    [L.    incorporalitas:    cf.   F.
   incorporalit\'82.] Incorporeality. [Obs.] Bailey.


   In*cor"po*ral*ly (?), adv. Incorporeally. [Obs.]


   In*cor"po*rate (?), a. [L. incorporatus. See In- not, and Corporate.]

   1.  Not consisting of matter; not having a material body; incorporeal;

     Moses  forbore  to  speak  of  angles,  and  things  invisible, and
     incorporate. Sir W. Raleigh.

   2. Not incorporated; not existing as a corporation; as, an incorporate
   banking association.


   In*cor"po*rate,   a.   [L.  incorporatus,  p.  p.  of  incorporare  to
   incorporate;  pref.  in-  in  +  corporare  to  make  into a body. See
   Corporate.]  Corporate;  incorporated; made one body, or united in one
   body; associated; mixed together; combined; embodied.

     As if our hands, our sides, voices, and minds Had been incorporate.

     A fifteenth part of silver incorporate with gold. Bacon.


   In*cor"po*rate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incorporated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Incorporating (?).]

   1. To form into a body; to combine, as different ingredients. into one
   consistent mass.

     By  your  leaves,  you  shall  not  stay  alone,  Till  holy church
     incorporate two in one. Shak.

   2.  To  unite  with  a  material  body; to give a material form to; to

     The  idolaters,  who worshiped their images as golds, supposed some
     spirit to be incorporated therein. Bp. Stillingfleet.

   3.  To  unite  with,  or introduce into, a mass already formed; as, to
   incorporate copper with silver; -- used with with and into.

   4.  To  unite  intimately;  to blend; to assimilate; to combine into a
   structure   or  organization,  whether  material  or  mental;  as,  to
   incorporate  provinces  into the realm; to incorporate another's ideas
   into one's work.

     The  Romans did not subdue a country to put the inhabitants to fire
     and  sword,  but  to  incorporate  them  into  their own community.

   5.  To  form  into a legal body, or body politic; to constitute into a
   corporation  recognized by law, with special functions, rights, duties
   and liabilities; as, to incorporate a bank, a railroad company, a city
   or town, etc.


   In*cor"po*rate (?), v. i. To unite in one body so as to make a part of
   it; to be mixed or blended; -- usually followed by with.

     Painters' colors and ashes do better incorporate will oil. Bacon.

     He  never  suffers  wrong  so long to grow, And to incorporate with
     right so far As it might come to seem the same in show. Daniel.


   In*cor"po*ra`ted   (?),   a.   United  in  one  body;  formed  into  a
   corporation; made a legal entity.


   In*cor`po*ra"tion (?), n. [L. incorporatio: cf. F. incorporation.]

   1. The act of incorporating, or the state of being incorporated.

   2.   The   union  of  different  ingredients  in  one  mass;  mixture;
   combination; synthesis.

   3.  The  union of something with a body already existing; association;
   intimate  union;  assimilation;  as,  the  incorporation  of conquered
   countries into the Roman republic.

   4.   (Law)  (a)  The  act  of  creating  a  corporation.  (b)  A  body
   incorporated; a corporation.


   In*cor"po*ra*tive (?), a. Incorporating or tending to incorporate; as,
   the  incorporative  languages  (as  of  the  Basques,  North  American
   Indians, etc. ) which run a whole phrase into one word.

     History  demonstrates  that  incorporative  unions  are  solid  and
     permanent; but that a federal union is weak. W. Belsham.


   In*cor"po*ra`tor (?), n. One of a number of persons who gets a company
   incorporated; one of the original members of a corporation.


   In`cor*po"re*al   (?),   a.   [Pref.  in-  not  +  corporeal:  cf.  L.
   incorporeus. Cf. Incorporal.]

   1.  Not  corporeal; not having a material body or form; not consisting
   of matter; immaterial.

     Thus  incorporeal  spirits  to  smaller  forms Reduced their shapes
     immense. Milton.

     Sense and perception must necessarily proceed from some incorporeal
     substance within us. Bentley.

   2.  (Law) Existing only in contemplation of law; not capable of actual
   visible   seizin   or  possession;  not  being  an  object  of  sense;
   intangible; -- opposed to corporeal.
   Incorporeal  hereditament. See under Hereditament. Syn. -- Immaterial;
   unsubstantial; bodiless; spiritual.


   In`cor*po"re*al*ism (?), n. Existence without a body or material form;
   immateriality. Cudworth.


   In`cor*po"re*al*ist, n. One who believes in incorporealism. Cudworth.


   In`cor*po`re*al"i*ty (?), n. The state or quality of being incorporeal
   or bodiless; immateriality; incorporealism. G. Eliot.


   In`cor*po"re*al*ly (?), adv. In an incorporeal manner. Bacon.


   In*cor`po*re"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  corporeity:  cf.  F.
   incorpor\'82ite.]  The  quality  of  being incorporeal; immateriality.


   In*corpse" (?), v. t. To incorporate. [R.] Shak.


   In`cor*rect"  (?),  a. [L. incorrectus: cf. F. incorrect. See In- not,
   and Correct.]

   1.  Not  correct;  not according to a copy or model, or to established
   rules; inaccurate; faulty.

     The piece, you think, is incorrect. Pope.

   2.  Not  in  accordance  with the truth; inaccurate; not exact; as, an
   incorrect statement or calculation.

   3.  Not  accordant  with  duty  or  morality;  not  duly  regulated or
   subordinated; unbecoming; improper; as, incorrect conduct.

     It shows a will most incorrect to heaven. Shak.

     The wit of the last age was yet more incorrect than their language.

   Syn. -- Inaccurate; erroneous; wrong; faulty.


   In`cor*rec"tion   (?),   n.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  correction:  cf.  F.
   incorrection.]  Want  of  correction, restraint, or discipline. [Obs.]


   In`cor*rect"ly (?), adv. Not correctly; inaccurately; not exactly; as,
   a writing incorrectly copied; testimony incorrectly stated.


   In`cor*rect"ness,   n.   The  quality  of  being  incorrect;  want  of
   conformity  to  truth  or  to  a standard; inaccuracy; inexactness; as
   incorrectness may in defect or in redundance.

                      Incorrespondence, Incorrespondency

   In*cor`re*spond"ence   (?),  In*cor`re*spond"en*cy  (?),  n.  Want  of
   correspondence; disagreement; disproportion. [R.]


   In*cor`re*spond"ing,   a.   Not   corresponding;   disagreeing.   [R.]


   In*cor`ri*gi*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. [Cf. F. incorrigibilit\'82.] The state
   or quality of being incorrigible.

     The  ingratitude, the incorrigibility, the strange perverseness . .
     . of mankind. Barrow.


   In*cor"ri*gi*ble  (?), a. [L. incorrigibilis: cf. F. incorrigible. See
   In- not, and Corrigible.] Not corrigible; incapable of being corrected
   or  amended;  bad  beyond  correction; irreclaimable; as, incorrigible
   error. "Incorrigible fools." Dryden.


   In*cor"ri*gi*ble (?), n. One who is corrigible; especially, a hardened
   criminal; as, the perpetual imprisonment of incorrigibles.

   Page 748


   In*cor"ri*gi*ble*ness (?), n. Incorrigibility. Dr. H. More.


   In*cor"ri*gi*bly, adv. In an incorrigible manner.


   In`cor*rod"i*ble  (?),  a.  Incapable  of being corroded, consumed, or
   eaten away.


   In"cor*rupt" (?), a. [L. incorruptus. See In- not, and Corrupt.]

   1.  Not  affected  with corruption or decay; unimpaired; not marred or

   2.  Not  defiled  or  depraved;  pure;  sound;  untainted;  above  the
   influence of bribes; upright; honest. Milton.

     Your  Christian  principles . . . which will preserve you incorrupt
     as individuals. Bp. Hurd.


   In"cor*rupt"ed (?), a. Uncorrupted. [Obs.]

     Breathed into their incorrupted breasts. Sir J. Davies.


   In`cor*rupt`i*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   [L.   incorruptibilitas:  cf.  F.
   incorruptibilit\'82.] The quality of being incorruptible; incapability
   of corruption. Holland.


   In"cor*rupt"i*ble  (?),  a. [L. incorruptibilis: cf. F. incorruptible.
   See In- not, and Corrupt.]

   1.  Not  corruptible;  incapable of corruption, decay, or dissolution;
   as, gold is incorruptible.

     Our  bodies  shall  be  changed  into  incorruptible  and  immortal
     substances. Wake.

   2. Incapable of being bribed or morally corrupted; inflexibly just and


   In"cor*rupt"i*ble,  n.  (Eccl.  Hist.)  One  of a religious sect which
   arose  in Alexandria, in the reign of the Emperor Justinian, and which
   believed  that  the  body  of  Christ  was  incorruptible, and that he
   suffered hunger, thirst, pain, only in appearance.


   In"cor*rupt"i*ble,  n.  The  quality  or state of being incorruptible.


   In"cor*rupt"i*bly, adv. In an incorruptible manner.


   In"cor*rup"tion  (?), n. [L. incorruptio: cf. F. incorruption. See In-
   not,  and  Corruption.] The condition or quality of being incorrupt or
   incorruptible; absence of, or exemption from, corruption.

     It  is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption. 1 Cor. xv.

     The  same  preservation, or, rather, incorruption, we have observed
     in the flesh of turkeys, capons, etc. Sir T. Browne.


   In`cor*rupt"ive  (?), a. [L. incorruptivus.] Incorruptible; not liable
   to decay. Akenside.


   In`cor*rupt"ly (?), adv. Without corruption.

     To demean themselves incorruptly. Milton.


   In`cor*rupt"ness, n.

   1. Freedom or exemption from decay or corruption.

   2. Probity; integrity; honesty. Woodward.


   In*cras"sate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incrassated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Incrassating.]  [L.  incrassatus,  p. p. of incrassare; pref. in- in +
   crassus  thick.]  To make thick or thicker; to thicken; especially, in
   pharmacy,  to  thicken (a liquid) by the mixture of another substance,
   or by evaporating the thinner parts.

     Acids  dissolve  or  attenuate; alkalies precipitate or incrassate.
     Sir I. Newton.

     Liquors which time hath incrassated into jellies. Sir T. Browne.


   In*cras"sate, v. i. To become thick or thicker.

                            Incrassate, Incrassated

   In*cras"sate (?), In*cras"sa*ted (?), a. [L. incrassatus, p. p.]

   1. Made thick or thicker; thickened; inspissated.

   2. (Bot.) Thickened; becoming thicker. Martyn.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  Swelled out on some particular part, as the antenn\'91
   of certain insects.


   In`cras*sa"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. incrassation.]

   1.  The  act  or process of thickening or making thick; the process of
   becoming thick or thicker.

   2.  The state of being incrassated or made thick; inspissation. Sir T.


   In*cras"sa*tive  (?),  a. Having the quality of thickening; tending to
   thicken. Harvey.


   In*cras"sa*tive,  n.  A  substance  which  has  the  power to thicken;
   formerly, a medicine supposed to thicken the humors. Harvey.


   In*creas"a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of  being  increased.  Sherwood. --
   In*creas"a*ble*ness, n.

     An indefinite increasableness of some of our ideas. Bp. Law.


   In*crease"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Increased (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Increasing.] [OE. incresen, encresen, enrescen, OF. encreistre, fr. L.
   increscere;  pref.  in-  in  + crescere to grow. See Crescent, and cf.

   1. To become greater or more in size, quantity, number, degree, value,
   intensity,  power, authority, reputation, wealth; to grow; to augment;
   to advance; -- opposed to decrease.

     The waters increased and bare up the ark. Gen. vii. 17.

     He must increase, but I must decrease. John iii. 30.

     The heavens forbid But that our loves and comforts should increase,
     Even as our days do grow! Shak.

   2. To multiply by the production of young; to be fertile, fruitful, or

     Fishes  are  more  numerous  of increasing than beasts or birds, as
     appears by their numerous spawn. Sir M. Hale.

   3.  (Astron.) To become more nearly full; to show more of the surface;
   to wax; as, the moon increases.
   Increasing  function  (Math.),  a  function whose value increases when
   that  of  the  variable  increases,  and  decreases when the latter is
   diminished.  Syn.  --  To  enlarge; extend; multiply; expand; develop;
   heighten;   amplify;   raise;  enhance;  spread;  aggravate;  magnify;
   augment;  advance. -- To Increase, Enlarge, Extend. Enlarge implies to
   make  larger  or  broader  in  size.  Extend  marks  the  progress  of
   enlargement   so   as  to  have  wider  boundaries.  Increase  denotes
   enlargement by growth and internal vitality, as in the case of plants.
   A  kingdom is enlarged by the addition of new territories; the mind is
   enlarged  by  knowledge. A kingdom is extended when its boundaries are
   carried to a greater distance from the center. A man's riches, honors,
   knowledge,  etc., are increased by accessions which are made from time
   to time.


   In*crease"  (?),  v.  t. To augment or make greater in bulk, quantity,
   extent,  value, or amount, etc.; to add to; to extend; to lengthen; to
   enhance; to aggravate; as, to increase one's possessions, influence.

     I will increase the famine. Ezek. v. 16.

     Make denials Increase your services. Shak.


   In"crease (?; 277), n. [OE. encres, encresse. See Increase, v. i.]

   1.   Addition  or  enlargement  in  size,  extent,  quantity,  number,
   intensity, value, substance, etc.; augmentation; growth.

     As if increase of appetite had grown By what if fed on. Shak.

     For  things  of  tender  kind for pleasure made Shoot up with swift
     increase, and sudden are decay'd. Dryden.

   2.  That  which  is  added  to  the  original stock by augmentation or
   growth; produce; profit; interest.

     Take thou no usury of him, or increase. Lev. xxv. 36.

     Let them not live to taste this land's increase. Shak.

   3. Progeny; issue; offspring.

     All the increase of thy house shall die in the flower of their age.
     1 Sam. ii. 33.

   4. Generation. [Obs.] "Organs of increase." Shak.

   5.  (Astron.)  The  period of increasing light, or luminous phase; the
   waxing; -- said of the moon.

     Seeds,  hair,  nails, hedges, and herbs will grow soonest if set or
     cut in the increase of the moon. Bacon.

   Increase  twist,  the  twixt  of  a rifle groove in which the angle of
   twist  increases  from  the breech to the muzzle. Syn. -- Enlargement;
   extension;   growth;   development;  increment;  addition;  accession;


   In*crease"ful   (?),   a.  Full  of  increase;  abundant  in  produce.
   "Increaseful crops." [R.] Shak.


   In*crease"ment (?), n. Increase. [R.] Bacon.


   In*creas"er (?), n. One who, or that, increases.


   In*creas"ing*ly, adv. More and more.


   In`cre*ate"  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Increated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Increating.] [Pref. in- in + create.] To create within. [R.]

                              Increate, Increated

   In"cre*ate  (?),  In"cre*a`ted (?), a. [L. increatus. See In- not, and
   Create.] Uncreated; self-existent. [R.]

     Bright effincreate. Milton.


   In*cred`i*bil"i*ty    (?),    n.    [L.    incredibilitas:    cf.   F.

   1. The quality or state of being incredible; incredibleness. Dryden.

   2. That which is incredible. Johnson.


   In*cred"i*ble  (?),  a.  [L. incredibilis: cf. OF. incredible. See In-
   not, and Credible.] Not credible; surpassing belief; too extraordinary
   and improbable to admit of belief; unlikely; marvelous; fabulous.

     Why  should  it  be  thought  a thing incredible with you, that God
     should raise the dead? Acts xxvi. 8.


   In*cred"i*ble*ness, n. Incredibility.


   In*cred"i*bly, adv. In an incredible manner.


   In*cred"it*ed (?), a. Uncredited. [Obs.]


   In`cre*du"li*ty  (?),  n.  [L. incredu: cf. F. incr\'82dulit\'82.] The
   state or quality of being i

     Of  every  species  of  incredulity, religious unbelief is the most
     irrational. Buckminster.


   In*cred"u*lous   (?;  135),  a.  [L.  incredulus.  See  In-  not,  and

   1.  Not credulous; indisposed to admit or accept that which is related
   as true, skeptical; unbelieving. Bacon.

     A fantastical incredulous fool. Bp. Wilkins.

   2. Indicating, or caused by, disbelief or incredulity. "An incredulous
   smile." Longfellow.

   3. Incredible; not easy to be believed. [R.] Shak.


   In*cred"u*lous*ly, adv. In an incredulous manner; with incredulity.


   In*cred"u*lous*ness, n. Incredulity.


   In*crem"a*ble  (?), a. [Pref. in- not + L. cremabilis combustible, fr.
   cremare  to  burn.]  Incapable  of  being  burnt; incombustibe. Sir T.


   In"cre*mate  (?), v. t. [Pref. in- in + cremate.] To consume or reduce
   to ashes by burning, as a dead body; to cremate.


   In`cre*ma"tion  (?), n. Burning; esp., the act of burning a dead body;


   In"cre*ment   (?),  n.  [L.  incrementum:  cf.  F.  incr\'82ment.  See

   1. The act or process of increasing; growth in bulk, guantity, number,
   value, or amount; augmentation; enlargement.

     The seminary that furnisheth matter for the formation and increment
     of animal and vegetable bodies. Woodward.

     A  nation,  to be great, ought to be compressed in its increment by
     nations more civilized than itself. Coleridge.

   2.   Matter  added;  increase;  produce;  production;  --  opposed  to
   decrement. "Large increment." J. Philips.

   3.  (Math.)  The  increase of a variable quantity or fraction from its
   present  value  to  its  next  ascending  value;  the finite quantity,
   generally variable, by which a variable quantity is increased.

   4. (Rhet.) An amplification without strict climax, as in the following

     Finally,  brethren,  whatsoever  things are true, whatsoever things
     are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure,
     whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report,
     . . . think on these things. Phil. iv. 8.

   Infinitesimal  increment  (Math.),  an infinitesimally small variation
   considered  in  Differential  Calculus.  See  Calculus.  --  Method of
   increments  (Math.),  a  calculus  founded  on  the  properties of the
   successive  values  of  variable  quantities  and their differences or
   increments.  It  differs from the method of fluxions in treating these
   differences  as finite, instead of infinitely small, and is equivalent
   to the calculus of finite differences.
   In`cre*men"tal  (?),  a. (Biol.) Pertaining to, or resulting from, the
   process of growth; as, the incremental lines in the dentine of teeth.
   In"cre*pate  (?), v. t. [L. increpatus, p. p. of increpare to upbraid;
   pref. in- in, against + crepare to talk noisily.] To chide; to rebuke;
   to reprove. [Obs.]
   In`cre*pa"tion  (?),  n.  [L. increpatio.] A chiding; rebuke; reproof.
   [Obs.] Hammond. 


   In*cres"cent (?), a. [L. increscens, -entis, p. pr. of increscere. See

   1. Increasing; growing; augmenting; swelling; enlarging.

     Between the incresent and decrescent moon. Tennyson.

   2. (Her.) Increasing; on the increase; -- said of the moon represented
   as the new moon, with the points turned toward the dexter side.


   In*crest" (?), v. t. To adorn with a crest. [R.] Drummond.


   In*crim"i*nate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incriminated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Incriminating.]  [LL. incriminatus, p. p. of incriminare; in- in +
   criminare,  criminari,  to  accuse  one of a crime. See Criminate.] To
   accuse; to charge with a crime or fault; to criminate.


   In*crim`i*na"tion (?), n. The act of incriminating; crimination.


   In*crim"i*na*to*ry (?), a. Of or pertaining to crimination; tending to
   incriminate; criminatory.


   In`cru*en"tal  (?),  a.  [L.  incruentus. See In- not, and Cruentous.]
   Unbloody; not attended with blood; as, an incruental sacrifice. [Obs.]


   In*crust"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Incrusted;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Incrusting.]  [L.  incrustare; pref. in- in + crustare to cover with a
   crust: cf. F. incruster. See Crust.] [Written also encrust.]

   1. To cover or line with a crust, or hard coat; to form a crust on the
   surface  of;  as,  iron  incrusted  with rust; a vessel incrusted with
   salt; a sweetmeat incrusted with sugar.

     And by the frost refin'd the whiter snow, Incrusted hard. Thomson.

   2.  (Fine  Arts)  To  inlay  into,  as  a  piece  of  carving or other
   ornamental object.


   In*crus"tate  (?),  a. [L. incrustatus, p. p. See Incrust.] Incrusted.


   In*crus"tate (?), v. t. To incrust. [R.] Cheyne.


   In`crus*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  incrustatio:  cf. F. incrustation. See

   1. The act of incrusting, or the state of being incrusted.

   2.  A  crust  or  hard coating of anything upon or within a body, as a
   deposit  of lime, sediment, etc., from water on the inner surface of a
   steam boiler.

   3. (Arch.) A covering or inlaying of marble, mosaic, etc., attached to
   the masonry by cramp irons or cement.

   4. (Fine Arts) Anything inlaid or imbedded.


   In*crust"ment (?), n. Incrustation. [R.]


   In*crys"tal*li`za*ble  (?),  a. Not crystallizable; incapable of being
   formed into crystals.


   In"cu*bate  (?),  v. i. & t. [imp. & p. p. Incubated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Incubating (?).] [L. incubatus, p. p. incubare to lie on; pref. in-
   in, on + cubare to lie down. Cf. Cubit, Incumbent.] To sit, as on eggs
   for  hatching; to brood; to brood upon, or keep warm, as eggs, for the
   purpose of hatching.


   In`cu*ba"tion (?), n. [L. incubatio: cf. F. incubation.]

   1. A sitting on eggs for the purpose of hatching young; a brooding on,
   or  keeping  warm,  (eggs) to develop the life within, by any process.

   2.  (Med.) The development of a disease from its causes, or its period
   of incubation. (See below.)

   3.  A  sleeping  in  a  consecrated  place for the purpose of dreaming
   oracular dreams. Tylor.
   Period  of incubation, OR Stage of incubation (Med.), the period which
   elapses  between  exposure  to  the causes of a disease and the attack
   resulting  from  it;  the time of development of the supposed germs or
   spores.<-- for infectious diseases -->


   In"cu*ba*tive (?), a. Of or pertaining to incubation, or to the period
   of incubation.


   In"cu*ba`tor (?), n. That which incubates, especially, an apparatus by
   means of which eggs are hatched by artificial heat.


   In*cu"ba*to*ry (?), a. Serving for incubation.


   In*cube"  (?),  v.  t.  To  fix firmly, as in cube; to secure or place
   firmly. [Obs.] Milton.


   In*cu"bi*ture  (?;  135), n. [Cf. L. incubitus.] Incubation. [Obs.] J.


   In"cu*bous  (?),  a.  [From  L. incubare to lie on.] (Bot.) Having the
   leaves  so  placed  that the upper part of each one covers the base of
   the  leaf  next above it, as in hepatic mosses of the genus Frullania.
   See Succubous.


   In"cu*bus  (?),  n.;  pl.  E.  Incubuses  (#), L. Incubi (#). [L., the
   nightmare. Cf. Incubate.]

   1.  A  demon;  a  fiend;  a lascivious spirit, supposed to have sexual
   intercourse with women by night. Tylor.

     The  devils  who  appeared in the female form were generally called
     succubi;   those   who   appeared  like  men  incubi,  though  this
     distinction was not always preserved. Lecky.

   2. (Med.) The nightmare. See Nightmare.

     Such  as are troubled with incubus, or witch-ridden, as we call it.

   3.  Any  oppressive  encumbrance or burden; anything that prevents the
   free use of the faculties.

     Debt  and  usury  is  the  incubus which weighs most heavily on the
     agricultural resources of Turkey. J. L. Farley.


   In*cul"cate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Inculcated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inculcating  (?).]  [L.  inculcatus,  p.  p. of inculcare to tread on;
   pref.  in- in, on + calcare to tread, fr. calx the heel; perh. akin to
   E.  heel.  Cf.  2d  Calk,  Heel.]  To  teach  and  impress by frequent
   repetitions or admonitions; to urge on the mind; as, Christ inculcates
   on his followers humility.

     The most obvious and necessary duties of life they have not yet had
     authority  enough  to  enforce  and  inculcate upon men's minds. S.

   Syn. -- To instill; infuse; implant; engraft; impress.


   In`cul*ca"tion (?), n. [L. inculcatio: cf. F. inculcation.] A teaching
   and impressing by frequent repetitions. Bp. Hall.

   Page 749


   In*cul"ca*tor (?), n. [L.] One who inculcates. Boyle.


   In*culk"  (?).  v. t. [Cf. F. inculquer. See Inculcate.] To inculcate.
   [Obs.] Sir T. More.


   In*culp"  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  inculper.  See Inculpate.] To inculpate.
   [Obs.] Shelton.


   In*cul"pa*ble  (?), a. [L. inculpabilis: cf. F. incupable.] Faultless;
   blameless; innocent. South.

     An innocent and incupable piece of ignorance. Killingbeck.


   In*cul"pa*ble*ness, n. Blamelessness; faultlessness.


   In*cul"pa*bly, adv. Blamelessly. South.


   In*cul"pate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inculpated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inculpating  (?).] [LL. inculpatus, p. p. of inculpare to blame; pref.
   in- in + culpa fault. See Culpable.]

     NOTE: [A word of recent introduction.]

   To  blame;  to  impute guilt to; to accuse; to involve or implicate in

     That  risk  could  only exculpate her and not inculpate them -- the
     probabilities protected them so perfectly. H. James.


   In`cul*pa"tion   (?),   n.   [Cf.  F.  inculpation.]  Blame;  censure;
   crimination. Jefferson.


   In*cul"pa*to*ry  (?),  a.  Imputing  blame; criminatory; compromising;


   In*cult" (?), a. [L. incultus; pref. in- not + cultus, p. p. of colere
   to  cultivate:  cf.  F. inculte.] Untilled; uncultivated; crude; rude;

     Germany  then,  says  Tacitus,  was  incult and horrid, now full of
     magnificent cities. Burton.

     His style is diffuse and incult. M. W. Shelley.


   In*cul"ti*va`ted (?), a. Uncultivated. [Obs.] Sir T. Herbert.


   In*cul`ti*va"tion (?), n. Want of cultivation. [Obs.] Berington.


   In*cul"ture  (?; 135), n. [Pref. in- not + culture: cf. F. inculture.]
   Want or neglect of cultivation or culture. [Obs.] Feltham.


   In*cum"ben*cy (?), n.; pl. Incumbencies (#). [From Incumbent.]

   1. The state of being incumbent; a lying or resting on something.

   2.  That which is physically incumbent; that which lies as a burden; a
   weight. Evelyn.

   3.  That which is morally incumbent, or is imposed, as a rule, a duty,
   obligation, or responsibility. "The incumbencies of a family." Donne.

   4.  The  state of holding a benefice; the full possession and exercise
   of any office.

     These  fines  are  only  to  be  paid  to  the  bishop  during  his
     incumbency. Swift.


   In*cum"bent  (?), a. [L. incumbens, -entis, p. pr. of incumbere to lie
   down  upon, press upon; pref. in- in, on + cumbere (in comp.); akin to
   cubare to lie down. See Incubate.]

   1. Lying; resting; reclining; recumbent; superimposed; superincumbent.

     Two incumbent figures, gracefully leaning upon it. Sir H. Wotton.

     To move the incumbent load they try. Addison.

   2.  Lying,  resting,  or imposed, as a duty or obligation; obligatory;
   always with on or upon.

     All  men,  truly  zealous,  will  perform those good works that are
     incumbent on all Christians. Sprat.

   3.  (Bot.)  Leaning  or  resting; -- said of anthers when lying on the
   inner  side  of  the  filament, or of cotyledons when the radicle lies
   against the back of one of them. Gray.

   4.  (Zo\'94l.)  Bent  downwards  so  that  the ends touch, or rest on,
   something else; as, the incumbent toe of a bird.


   In*cum"bent, n. A person who is in present possession of a benefice or
   of any office.

     The incumbent lieth at the mercy of his patron. Swift.


   In*cum"bent*ly, adv. In an incumbent manner; so as to be incumbent.


   In*cum"ber  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Incumbered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Incumbering.] See Encumber.


   In`cum*bi"tion (?), n. Incubation. [R.] Sterne.


   In*cum"brance (?), n. [See Encumbrance.] [Written also encumbrance.]

   1.  A burdensome and troublesome load; anything that impedes motion or
   action,  or  renders  it  difficult  or  laborious;  clog; impediment;
   hindrance; check. Cowper.

   2.  (Law)  A  burden  or charge upon property; a claim or lien upon an
   estate, which may diminish its value.


   In*cum"bran*cer (?), n. (Law) One who holds Kent.


   In*cum"brous  (?),  a.  [Cf.  OF. encombros.] Cumbersome; troublesome.
   [Written also encombrous.] [Obs.] Chaucer.


   In`cu*nab"u*lum  (?),  n.;  pl. Incunabula (#). [L. incunabula cradle,
   birthplace,  origin.  See  1st In-, and Cunabula.] A work of art or of
   human  industry,  of an early epoch; especially, a book printed before
   A. D. 1500.


   In*cur"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Incurred (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Incurring  (?).]  [L.  incurrere to run into or toward; pref. in- in +
   currere to run. See Current.]

   1.  To  meet  or  fall in with, as something inconvenient, harmful, or
   onerous;  to put one's self in the way of; to expose one's self to; to
   become  liable  or  subject  to;  to  bring  down  upon one's self; to
   encounter; to contract; as, to incur debt, danger, displeasure

     I know not what I shall incur to passShak.

   2. To render liable or subject to; to occasion. [Obs.]

     Lest you incur me much more damage in my fame than you have done me
     pleasure in preserving my life. Chapman.


   In*cur", v. i. To pass; to enter. [Obs.]

     Light  is  discerned by itself because by itself it incurs into the
     eye. South.


   In*cur`a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. incurabilit\'82 incurability, LL.
   incurabilitas    negligence.]    The   state   of   being   uncurable;
   irremediableness. Harvey.


   In*cur"a*ble  (?),  a. [F. incurable, L. incurabilis. See In- not, and

   1.  Not  capable of being cured; beyond the power of skill or medicine
   to remedy; as, an incurable disease.

     A scirrh is not absolutely incurable. Arbuthnot.

   2.  Not  admitting  or  capable of remedy or correction; irremediable;
   remediless; as, incurable evils.

     Rancorous and incurable hostility. Burke.

     They  were laboring under a profound, and, as it might have seemed,
     an almost incurable ignorance. Sir J. Stephen.

   Syn.   --   Irremediable;  remediless;  irrecoverable;  irretrievable;
   irreparable; hopeless.


   In*cur"a*ble, n. A person diseased beyond cure.


   In*cur"a*ble*ness,  n.  The  state  of  being incurable; incurability.


   In*cur"a*bly,  adv.  In  a  manner  that renders cure impracticable or
   impossible;  irremediably.  "Incurably diseased." Bp. Hall. "Incurably
   wicked." Blair.


   In*cu`ri*os"i*ty (?), n. [L. incuriositas: cf. F. incurosit\'82.] Want
   of  curiosity  or  interest;  inattentiveness;  indifference.  Sir  H.


   In*cu"ri*ous  (?),  a.  [L. incuriosus: cf. F. incurieux. See In- not,
   and Curious.] Not curious or inquisitive; without care for or interest
   in; inattentive; careless; negligent; heedless.

     Carelessnesses  and  incurious  deportments  toward their children.
     Jer. Taylor.


   In*cu"ri*ous*ly, adv. In an curious manner.


   In*cu"ri*ous*ness, n. Unconcernedness; incuriosity.

     Sordid incuriousness and slovenly neglect. Bp. Hall.


   In*cur"rence  (?),  n. [See Incur.] The act of incurring, bringing on,
   or subjecting one's self to (something troublesome or burdensome); as,
   the incurrence of guilt, debt, responsibility, etc.


   In*cur"rent  (?),  a. [L. incurrens, p. pr. incurere, incursum, to run
   in; in- + currere to run.] (Zo\'94l.) Characterized by a current which
   flows inward; as, the incurrent orifice of lamellibranch Mollusca.


   In*cur"sion (?), n. [L. incursio: cf. F. incursion. See Incur.]

   1.  A  running  into; hence, an entering into a territory with hostile
   intention;  a  temporary  invasion; a predatory or harassing inroad; a

     The Scythian, whose incursions wild Have wasted Sogdiana. Milton.

     The  incursions  of  the  Goths disordered the affairs of the Roman
     Empire. Arbuthnot.

   2. Attack; occurrence. [Obs.]

     Sins of daily incursion. South.

   Syn.   --   Invasion;  inroad;  raid;  foray;  sally;  attack;  onset;
   irruption. See Invasion.


   In*cur"sive   (?),  a.  Making  an  incursion;  invasive;  aggressive;


   In*cur"tain (?), v. t. To curtain. [Obs.]


   In*cur"vate (?), a. [L. incurvatus, p. p. of incurvare to crook; pref.
   in-  in  +  curvus  bent.  See  Curve, and cf. Incurve.] Curved; bent;
   crooked. Derham.


   In*cur"vate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Incurvated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Incurvating.]  To  turn  from  a  straight line or course; to bend; to
   crook. Cheyne.


   In`cur*va"tion (?), n. [L. incurvatio: cf. F. incurvation.]

   1. The act of bending, or curving.

   2. The state of being bent or curved; curvature.

     An incurvation of the rays. Derham.

   3.  The  act  of bowing, or bending the body, in respect or reverence.
   "The incurvations of the knee." Bp. Hall.


   In*curve"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Incurved (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Incurving.] [See Incurvate.] To bend; to curve; to make crooked.


   In*curved"  (?),  a. [Pref. in- in + curved.] (Bot.) Bending gradually
   toward the axis or center, as branches or petals.


   In*cur"vi*ty  (?),  n. [From L. incurvus bent. See Incurvate.] A state
   of  being  bent  or  curved;  incurvation;  a  bending inwards. Sir T.


   In"cus (?), n. [L., anvil.]

   1. An anvil.

   2.  (Anat.)  One  of  the  small bones in the tympanum of the ear; the
   anvil bone. See Ear.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  central portion of the armature of the pharynx in
   the Rotifera.


   In*cuse"  (?), a. [See Incuse, v. t.] (Numismatics) Cut or stamped in,
   or hollowed out by engraving. "Irregular incuse square." Dr. W. Smith.

                                Incuse, Incuss

   In*cuse"  (?),  In*cuss" (?), v. t. [L. incussus, p. p. of incutere to
   strike.  See  1st  In-, and Concuss.] To form, or mold, by striking or
   stamping, as a coin or medal.


   In*cute" (?), v. t. [See Incuse.] To strike or stamp in. [Obs.] Becon.


   In*cyst" (?), v. t. See Encyst.


   In*cyst"ed, a. See Encysted.


   Ind (?), n. India. [Poetical] Shak. Milton.


   In"da*gate  (?),  v.  t. [L. indagatus, p. p. of indagare to seek.] To
   seek or search out. [Obs.]


   In`da*ga"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  indagatio:  cf.  F. indagation.] Search;
   inquiry; investigation. [Obs.]


   In"da*ga*tive (?), a. Searching; exploring; investigating. [Obs.] Jer.


   In"da*ga`tor  (?),  n.  [L.] A searcher; an explorer; an investigator.

     Searched into by such skillful indagators of nature. Boyle.


   In*dam"age (?; 48), v. t. See Endamage. [R.]


   In*dam"aged (?), a. Not damaged. [Obs.] Milton.


   In*dart" (?), v. t. To pierce, as with a dart.


   In"da*zol  (?),  n.  [Indol  + azote.] (Chem.) A nitrogenous compound,
   C7H6N2,  analogous  to  indol, and produced from a diazo derivative or
   cinnamic acid.


   Inde (?), a. Azure-colored; of a bright blue color. [Obs.] Rom. of R.


   In*dear" (?), v. t. See Endear.


   In*debt"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Indebted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Indebting.]  [OE.  endetten, F. endetter; pref. en- (L. in) + F. dette
   debt.  See  Debt.]  To  bring into debt; to place under obligation; --
   chiefly used in the participle indebted.

     Thy fortune hath indebted thee to none. Daniel.


   In*debt"ed, a.

   1.  Brought  into  debt;  being  under  obligation; held to payment or
   requital; beholden.

     By   owing,  owes  not,  but  still  pays,  at  once  Indebted  and
     discharged. Milton.

   2.   Placed   under  obligation  for  something  received,  for  which
   restitution  or  gratitude  is due; as, we are indebted to our parents
   for  their  care  of  us  in infancy; indebted to friends for help and
   encouragement. Cowper.


   In*debt"ed*ness, n.

   1. The state of being indebted.

   2. The sum owed; debts, collectively.


   In*debt"ment  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  endettement.] Indebtedness. [R.] Bp.


   In*de"cence (?), n. See Indecency. [Obs.] "An indecence of barbarity."
   Bp. Burnet.


   In*de"cen*cy   (?),   n.;   pl.   Indecencies   (#).   [L.  indecentia
   unseemliness: cf. F. ind\'82cence.]

   1.  The  quality or state of being indecent; want of decency, modesty,
   or good manners; obscenity.

   2. That which is indecent; an indecent word or act; an offense against

     They  who,  by  speech or writing, present to the ear or the eye of
     modesty  any  of the indecencies I allude to, are pests of society.

   Syn.  --  Indelicacy;  indecorum;  immodesty; impurity; obscenity. See


   In*de"cent   (?),   a.  [L.  indecens  unseemly,  unbecoming:  cf.  F.
   ind\'82cent. See In- not, and Decent.] Not decent; unfit to be seen or
   heard;  offensive  to  modesty  and  delicacy;  as, indecent language.
   Cowper.   Syn.   --   Unbecoming;  indecorous;  indelicate;  unseemly;
   immodest; gross; shameful; impure; improper; obscene; filthy.


   In*de"cent*ly, adv. In an indecent manner.


   In`de*cid"u*ate (?), a.

   1. Indeciduous.

   2. (Anat.) Having no decidua; nondeciduate.


   In`de*cid"u*ous  (?),  a.  Not  deciduous or falling, as the leaves of
   trees in autumn; lasting; evergreen; persistent; permanent; perennial.

     The indeciduous and unshaven locks of Apollo. Sir T. Browne.


   In*dec"i*ma*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + LL. decimare to tithe: cf. F.
   ind\'82cimable.   See  Decimate.]  Not  decimable,  or  liable  to  be
   decimated; not liable to the payment of tithes. Cowell.


   In`de*ci"pher*a*ble  (?),  a.  Not  decipherable;  incapable  of being
   deciphered, explained, or solved. -- In`de*ci"pher*a*bly, adv.


   In`de*ci"sion   (?),   n.   [Pref.   in-   not   +  decision:  cf.  F.
   ind\'82cision.]  Want  of  decision;  want  of  settled purpose, or of
   firmness;    indetermination;    wavering   of   mind;   irresolution;
   vacillation; hesitation.

     The  term  indecision  .  . . implies an idea very nicely different
     from irresolution; yet it has a tendency to produce it. Shenstone.

     Indecision . . . is the natural accomplice of violence. Burke.


   In`de*ci"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. ind\'82cisif.]

   1.  Not  decisive;  not  bringing to a final or ultimate issue; as, an
   indecisive battle, argument, answer.

     The campaign had everywhere been indecisive. Macaulay.

   2. Undetermined; prone to indecision; irresolute; unsettled; wavering;
   vacillating;   hesitating;   as,  an  indecisive  state  of  mind;  an
   indecisive character.


   In`de*ci"sive*ly, adv. Without decision.


   In`de*ci"sive*ness, n. The state of being indecisive; unsettled state.


   In`de*cin"a*ble  (?),  a.  [L. indeclinabilis: cf. F. ind\'82clinable.
   See  In-  not,  and  Decline.]  (Gram.)  Not declinable; not varied by
   inflective   terminations;  as,  nihil  (nothing),  in  Latin,  is  an
   indeclinable noun. -- n. An indeclinable word.


   In`de*cin"a*bly, adv.

   1. Without variation.

   2. (Gram.) Without variation of termination.


   In*de`com*pos"a*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not + decomposable: cf. F.
   ind\'82composable.]   Not  decomposable;  incapable  or  difficult  of
   decomposition; not resolvable into its constituents or elements.


   In*de`com*pos"a*ble*ness,    n.    Incapableness   of   decomposition;
   stability; permanence; durability.


   In`de*co"rous (?; 277), a. [L. indecorous. See In- not, and Decorous.]
   Not  decorous;  violating  good  manners; contrary to good breeding or
   etiquette; unbecoming; improper; out of place; as, indecorous conduct.

     It  was  useless  and  indecorous  to attempt anything more by mere
     struggle. Burke.

   Syn.  --  Unbecoming;  unseemly;  unbefitting; rude; coarse; impolite;
   uncivil; ill-bred.


   In`de*co"rous*ly, adv. In an indecorous manner.


   In`de*co"rous*ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being  indecorous;  want of


   In`de*co"rum  (?),  n.  [Pref.  in-  not  + decorum: cf. L. indecorous

   1.  Want  of  decorum;  impropriety  of  behavior; that in behavior or
   manners  which  violates the established rules of civility, custom, or
   etiquette; indecorousness.

   2.  An  indecorous  or  becoming  action.  Young. Syn. -- Indecorum is
   sometimes  synonymous  with  indecency; but indecency, more frequently
   than  indecorum,  is  applied  to words or actions which refer to what
   nature  and propriety require to be concealed or suppressed. Indecency
   is  the  stronger  word;  indecorum  refers  to  any  transgression of
   etiquette or civility, especially in public.


   In*deed"  (?),  adv. [Prep. in + deed.] In reality; in truth; in fact;
   verily;  truly;  --  used  in  a  variety of sense. Esp.: (a) Denoting
   emphasis;  as,  indeed it is so. (b) Denoting concession or admission;
   as,  indeed,  you  are right. (c) Denoting surprise; as, indeed, is it
   you? Its meaning is not intrinsic or fixed, but depends largely on the
   form of expression which it accompanies.

   Page 750

     The carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the
     law of God, neither indeed can be. Rom. viii. 7.

     I were a beast indeed to do you wrong. Dryden.

     There  is, indeed, no great pleasure in visiting these magazines of
     war. Addison.


   In`de*fat`i*ga*bil"i*ty (?), n. The state of being indefatigable.


   In`de*fat"i*ga*ble (?), a. [L. indefatigabilis: cf. OF. indefatigable.
   See In- not, and Defatigable, and cf. Infatigable.] Incapable of being
   fatigued;  not  readily  exhausted;  unremitting  in  labor or effort;
   untiring;  unwearying;  not  yielding  to  fatigue;  as, indefatigable
   exertions,   perseverance,  application.  "A  constant,  indefatigable
   attendance." South.

     Upborne with indefatigable wings. Milton.

   Syn. -- Unwearied; untiring; persevering; persistent.


   In`de*fat"i*ga*ble*ness,   n.  Indefatigable  quality;  unweariedness;
   persistency. Parnell.


   In`de*fat"i*ga*bly,   adv.  Without  weariness;  without  yielding  to
   fatigue; persistently. Dryden.


   In`de*fat`i*ga"tion  (?),  n. Indefatigableness; unweariedness. [Obs.]
   J. Gregory.


   In`de*fea`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being undefeasible.


   In`de*fea`si*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  defeasible:  cf.  OF.
   indefaisable.]  Not to be defeated; not defeasible; incapable of being
   annulled or made void; as, an indefeasible or title.

     That  the  king had a divine and an indefeasible right to the regal
     power. Macaulay.


   In`de*fect`i*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  ind\'82fectibilit\'82.] The
   quality of being indefectible. Barrow.


   In`de*fect"i*ble   (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  defectible:  cf.  F.
   ind\'82fectible.]  Not  defectible;  unfailing;  not liable to defect,
   failure, or decay.

     An indefectible treasure in the heavens. Barrow.

     A state of indefectible virtue and happiness. S. Clarke.


   In`de*fect"ive  (?),  a.  Not defective; perfect; complete. "Absolute,
   indefective obedience." South.


   In`de*fei"si*ble (?), a. Indefeasible. [Obs.]


   In`de*fen`si*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  or  state  of not being
   defensible. Walsh.


   In`de*fen"si*ble   (?),   [Pref.   in-   not  +  defensible:  cf.  OF.
   indefensible,  indefensable.]  Not  defensible;  not  capable of being
   defended,   maintained,   vindicated,   or  justified;  unjustifiable;
   untenable; as, an indefensible fortress, position, cause, etc.

     Men  find  that something can be said in favor of what, on the very
     proposal, they thought utterly indefensible. Burke.


   In`de*fen"si*bly, adv. In an indefensible manner.


   In`de*fen"sive (?), a. Defenseless. [Obs.]

     The sword awes the indefensive villager. Sir T. Herbert.


   In`de*fi"cien*cy,  n.  The  state  or  quality of not being deficient.
   [Obs.] Strype.


   In`de*fi"cient  (?),  a. [L. indeficiens. See In- not, and Deficient.]
   Not deficient; full. [Obs.]

     Brighter than the sun, and indeficient as the light of heaven. Jer.


   In`de*fin"a*ble  (?),  a.  Incapable  of  being  defined or described;
   inexplicable. Bp. Reynolds.


   In`de*fin"a*bly, adv. In an indefinable manner.


   In*def"i*nite (?), a. [L. indefinitus. See In- not, and Definite.]

   1. Not definite; not limited, defined, or specified; not explicit; not
   determined  or  fixed  upon;  not precise; uncertain; vague; confused;
   obscure; as, an indefinite time, plan, etc.

     It were to be wished that . . . men would leave off that indefinite
     way  of  vouching, "the chymists say this," or "the chymists affirm
     that." Boyle.

     The time of this last is left indefinite. Dryden.

   2.  Having  no  determined  or  certain  limits; large and unmeasured,
   though  not  infinite;  unlimited; as indefinite space; the indefinite
   extension of a straight line.

     Though  it  is not infinite, it may be indefinite; though it is not
     boundless   in  itself,  it  may  be  so  to  human  comprehension.

   3. Boundless; infinite. [R.]

     Indefinite  and  omnipresent  God, Inhabiting eternity. W. Thompson

   4.  (Bot.)  Too  numerous or variable to make a particular enumeration
   important;  --  said  of  the  parts  of a flower, and the like. Also,
   Indefinite  article  (Gram.),  the  word  a  or an, used with nouns to
   denote   any   one  of  a  common  or  general  class.  --  Indefinite
   inflorescence.   (Bot.)   See   Indeterminate   inflorescence,   under
   Indeterminate.  --  Indefinite  proposition (Logic), a statement whose
   subject  is  a  common  term, with nothing to indicate distribution or
   nondistribution;  as,  Man  is  mortal.  -- Indefinite term (Logic), a
   negative term; as, the not-good. Syn. -- Inexplicit; vague; uncertain;
   unsettled; indeterminate; loose; equivocal; inexact; approximate.
   In*def"i*nite*ly,  adv. In an indefinite manner or degree; without any
   settled  limitation;  vaguely; not with certainty or exactness; as, to
   use a word indefinitely. 

     If  the world be indefinitely extended, that is, so far as no human
     intellect can fancy any bound of it. Ray.


   In*def"i*nite*ness, n. The quality of being indefinite.


   In`de*fin"i*tude  (?),  n.  Indefiniteness; vagueness; also, number or
   quantity  not  limited by our understanding, though yet finite. [Obs.]
   Sir M . Hale.


   In`de*his"cence  (?), n. [Cf. F. ind\'82hiscence.] (Bot.) The property
   or state of being indehiscent.


   In`de*his"cent   (?),   a.   [Pref.   in-  not  +  dehiscent:  cf.  F.
   ind\'82hiscent.]  (Bot.)  Remaining closed at maturity, or not opening
   along regular lines, as the acorn, or a cocoanut.


   In`de*lec"ta*ble  (?),  a.  Not  delectable; unpleasant; disagreeable.
   [R.] Richardson.


   In`de*lib"er*ate   (?),   a.  [L.  indeliberatus.  See  In-  not,  and
   Deliberate.]  Done  without  deliberation;  unpremeditated.  [Obs.] --
   In`de*lib"er*ate*ly, adv. [Obs.]


   In`de*lib"er*a`ted (?), a. Indeliberate. [Obs.]


   In*del`i*bil"i*ty  (?), n. [Cf. F. ind\'82l\'82bilit\'82.] The quality
   of being indelible. Bp. Horsley.


   In*del"i*ble (?), a. [L. indelebilis; pref.in- not + delebilis capable
   of  being  destroyed:  cf.  F.  ind\'82l\'82bile.  See  In-  not,  and
   Deleble.]  [Formerly  written  also  indeleble, which accords with the
   etymology of the word.]

   1.  That  can  not  be  removed, washed away, blotted out, or effaced;
   incapable  of  being  canceled,  lost,  or  forgotten;  as,  indelible
   characters; an indelible stain; an indelible impression on the memory.

   2. That can not be annulled; indestructible. [R.]

     They are endued with indelible power from above. Sprat.

   Indelible  colors,  fast  colors  which  do  not  fade  or  tarnish by
   exposure.  --  Indelible  ink,  an ink obliterated by washing; esp., a
   solution   of   silver   nitrate.  Syn.  --  Fixed;  fast;  permanent;
   ineffaceable. -- In*del"i*ble*ness, n. -- In*del"i*bly, adv.

     Indelibly stamped and impressed. J. Ellis.


   In*del"i*ca*cy  (?),  n.; pl. Indelicacies (#). [From Indelicate.] The
   quality  of being indelicate; want of delicacy, or of a nice sense of,
   or  regard for, purity, propriety, or refinement in manners, language,
   etc.;  rudeness;  coarseness; also, that which is offensive to refined
   taste or purity of mind.

     The indelicacy of English comedy. Blair.

     Your  papers  would  be chargeable with worse than indelicacy; they
     would be immoral. Addison.


   In*del"i*cate (?), a. [Pref. in- not + delicate: cf. F. ind\'82licat.]
   Not  delicate;  wanting  delicacy;  offensive  to  good manners, or to
   purity  of  mind;  coarse; rude; as, an indelicate word or suggestion;
   indelicate  behavior.  Macaulay.  --  In*del"i*cate*ly,  adv.  Syn. --
   Indecorous;  unbecoming;  unseemly;  rude;  coarse;  broad;  impolite;
   gross; indecent; offensive; improper; unchaste; impure; unrefined.


   In*dem`ni*fi*ca"tion (?), n.

   1. The act or process of indemnifying, preserving, or securing against
   loss,  damage,  or penalty; reimbursement of loss, damage, or penalty;
   the state of being indemnified.

     Indemnification  is  capable  of  some  estimate;  dignity  has  no
     standard. Burke.

   2. That which indemnifies.

     No reward with the name of an indemnification. De Quincey.


   In*dem"ni*fy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Indemnified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Indemnifying (?).] [L. indemnis unhurt (in- not + damnum hurt, damage)
   + -fy. Cf. Damn, Damnify.]

   1. To save harmless; to secure against loss or damage; to insure.

     The states must at last engage to the merchants here that they will
     indemnify them from all that shall fall out. Sir W. Temple.

   2. To make restitution or compensation for, as for that which is lost;
   to make whole; to reimburse; to compensate. Beattie.


   In*dem"ni*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Indemnities  (#).  [L.  indemnitas,  fr.
   indemnis uninjured: cf. F. indemnit\'82. See Indemnify.]

   1.  Security;  insurance;  exemption  from  loss or damage, past or to
   come;  immunity  from  penalty,  or  the  punishment of past offenses;

     Having  first obtained a promise of indemnity for the riot they had
     committed. Sir W. Scott.

   2. Indemnification, compensation, or remuneration for loss, damage, or
   injury sustained.

     They  were  told  to  expect, upon the fall of Walpole, a large and
     lucrative indemnity for their pretended wrongs. Ld. Mahon.

     NOTE: &hand; In surance is  a  co ntract of indemnity. Arnould. The
     owner  of  private  property  taken  for  public use is entitled to
     compensation or indemnity.

   Kent. Act of indemnity (Law), an act or law passed in order to relieve
   persons, especially in an official station, from some penalty to which
   they  are  liable  in  consequence of acting illegally, or, in case of
   ministers,  in  consequence  of  exceeding  the limits of their strict
   constitutional  powers. These acts also sometimes provide compensation
   for   losses  or  damage,  either  incurred  in  the  service  of  the
   government, or resulting from some public measure.


   In`de*mon`stra*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being indemonstrable.


   In`de*mon"stra*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  indemonstrabilis.  See In- not, and
   Demonstrable.]     Incapable     of     being     demonstrated.     --
   In`de*mon"stra*ble*ness, n.


   In*den`i*za"tion  (?),  n. The act of naturalizing; endenization. [R.]


   In*den"ize (?), v. t. To naturalize. [R.]


   In*den"i*zen (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Indenizened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Indenizening.]  To  invest  with  the  privileges  of  a  denizen;  to
   naturalize. [R.]

     Words indenizened, and commonly used as English. B. Jonson.


   In*dent"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Indented;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Indenting.]  [OE.  endenten  to  notch,  fit  in,  OF.  endenter,  LL.
   indentare,  fr.  L.  in  +  dens,  dentis,  tooth.  See Tooth, and cf.

   1.  To  notch;  to jag; to cut into points like a row of teeth; as, to
   indent the edge of paper.

   2.  To  dent; to stamp or to press in; to impress; as, indent a smooth
   surface with a hammer; to indent wax with a stamp.

   3.  [Cf.  Indenture.]  To  bind  out  by  indenture  or  contract;  to
   indenture; to apprentice; as, to indent a young man to a shoemaker; to
   indent a servant.

   4.  (Print.)  To begin (a line or lines) at a greater or less distance
   from  the  margin; as, to indent the first line of a paragraph one em;
   to  indent  the  second  paragraph  two  ems  more than the first. See
   Indentation, and Indention.

   5. (Mil.) To make an order upon; to draw upon, as for military stores.
   [India] Wilhelm.


   In*dent", v. i.

   1. To be cut, notched, or dented.

   2. To crook or turn; to wind in and out; to zigzag.

   3. To contract; to bargain or covenant. Shak.

     To indent and drive bargains with the Almighty. South.


   In*dent" (?), n.

   1.  A  cut  or  notch  in  the man gin of anything, or a recess like a
   notch. Shak.

   2. A stamp; an impression. [Obs.]

   3. A certificate, or intended certificate, issued by the government of
   the United States at the close of the Revolution, for the principal or
   interest of the public debt. D. Ramsay. A. Hamilton.

   4.   (Mil.)   A  requisition  or  order  for  supplies,  sent  to  the
   commissariat of an army. [India] Wilhelm.


   In`den*ta"tion (?), n.

   1. The act of indenting or state of being indented.

   2.  A  notch  or  recess, in the margin or border of anything; as, the
   indentations of a leaf, of the coast, etc.

   3. A recess or sharp depression in any surface.

   4.  (Print.)  (a)  The act of beginning a line or series of lines at a
   little distance within the flush line of the column or page, as in the
   common way of beginning the first line of a paragraph. (b) The measure
   of the distance; as, an indentation of one em, or of two ems.
   Hanging,  OR  Reverse,  indentation, indentation of all the lines of a
   paragraph except the first, which is a full line.


   In*dent"ed (?), a.

   1.  Cut  in  the edge into points or inequalities, like teeth; jagged;
   notched; stamped in; dented on the surface.

   2.  Having  an  uneven, irregular border; sinuous; undulating. Milton.

   3.  (Her.)  Notched  like  the  part of a saw consisting of the teeth;
   serrated; as, an indented border or ordinary.

   4. Bound out by an indenture; apprenticed; indentured; as, an indented

   5.  (Zo\'94l.) Notched along the margin with a different color, as the
   feathers of some birds.
   Indented  line  (Fort.),  a  line with alternate long and short faces,
   with  salient  and  receding  angles, each face giving a flanking fire
   along the front of the next.


   In*dent"ed*ly, adv. With indentations.


   In*dent"ing  (?),  n.  Indentation;  an impression like that made by a


   In*den"tion (?), n. (Print.) Same as Indentation, 4.


   In*dent"ment (?), n. Indenture. [Obs.]


   In*den"ture  (?; 135), n. [OE. endenture, OF. endenture, LL. indentura
   a  deed  in  duplicate,  with  indented edges. See the Note below. See

   1. The act of indenting, or state of being indented.

   2.  (Law)  A  mutual agreement in writing between two or more parties,
   whereof  each  party has usually a counterpart or duplicate; sometimes
   in  the  pl.,  a  short  form  for  indentures  of apprenticeship, the
   contract by which a youth is bound apprentice to a master.<-- obs? -->

     The  law  is the best expositor of the gospel; they are like a pair
     of indentures: they answer in every part. C. Leslie.

     NOTE: &hand; In dentures we re originally duplicates, laid together
     and  intended by a notched cut or line, or else written on the same
     piece  of parchment and separated by a notched line so that the two
     papers  or parchments corresponded to each other. But indenting has
     gradually  become  a  mere  form, and is often neglected, while the
     writings or counterparts retain the name of indentures.


   In*den"ture,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Indentured (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To indent; to make hollows, notches, or wrinkles in; to furrow.

     Though age may creep on, and indenture the brow. Woty.

   2.  To  bind  by  indentures  or written contract; as, to indenture an


   In*den"ture, v. i. To run or wind in and out; to be cut or notched; to
   indent. Heywood.


   In`de*pend"ence (?), n. [Cf. F. ind\'82pendance.]

   1. The state or quality of being independent; freedom from dependence;
   exemption from reliance on, or control by, others; self-subsistence or
   maintenance; direction of one's own affairs without interference.

     Let  fortune do her worst, . . . as long as she never makes us lose
     our honesty and our independence. Pope.

   2. Sufficient means for a comfortable livelihood.
   Declaration  of  Independence  (Amer.  Hist.),  the declaration of the
   Congress of the Thirteen United States of America, on the 4th of July,
   1776,  by  which  they formally declared that these colonies were free
   and  independent  States,  not  subject  to  the  government  of Great


   In`de*pend"en*cy, n.

   1. Independence.

     "Give  me,"  I cried (enough for me), "My bread, and independency!"

   2. (Eccl.) Doctrine and polity of the Independents.


   In`de*pend"ent   (?),   a.   [Pref.   in-  not  +  dependent:  cf.  F.

   1.  Not dependent; free; not subject to control by others; not relying
   on others; not subordinate; as, few men are wholly independent.

     A dry, but independent crust. Cowper.

   2. Affording a comfortable livelihood; as, an independent property.

   3.  Not  subject to bias or influence; not obsequious; self-directing;
   as, a man of an independent mind.

   4.  Expressing  or indicating the feeling of independence; free; easy;
   bold; unconstrained; as, an independent air or manner.

   5. Separate from; exclusive; irrespective.

     That obligation in general, under which we conceive ourselves bound
     to  obey  a  law,  independent  of  those  resources  which the law
     provides for its own enforcement. R. P. Ward.

   6.  (Eccl.) Belonging or pertaining to, or holding to the doctrines or
   methods of, the Independents.

   7.  (Math.) Not dependent upon another quantity in respect to value or
   rate of variation; -- said of quantities or functions.

   8.  (U.  S.  Politics) Not bound by party; exercising a free choice in
   voting with either or any party.
   Independent  company  (Mil.), one not incorporated in any regiment. --
   Independent seconds watch, a stop watch having a second hand driven by
   a separate set of wheels, springs, etc., for timing to a fraction of a
   second. -- Independent variable. (Math.) See Dependent variable, under
   Dependent.   Syn.   --   Free;   uncontrolled;   separate;  uncoerced;
   self-reliant; bold; unconstrained; unrestricted.

   Page 751


   In`de*pend"ent (?), n.

   1.  (Eccl.)  One  who  believes  that an organized Christian church is
   complete  in  itself, competent to self-government, and independent of
   all ecclesiastical authority.

     NOTE: &hand; In  England the name is often applied (commonly in the
     pl.) to the Congregationalists.

   2.  (Politics) One who does not acknowledge an obligation to support a
   party's  candidate  under all circumstances; one who exercises liberty
   in voting.


   In`de*pend"ent*ism   (?),   n.  Independency;  the  church  system  of
   Independents. Bp. Gauden.


   In`de*pend"ent*ly, adv. In an independent manner; without control.


   In`de*pos"a*ble (?), a. Incapable of being deposed. [R.]

     Princes indeposable by the pope. Bp. Stillingfleet.


   In*dep"ra*vate  (?),  a.  [L.  indepravatus.]  Undepraved. [R.] Davies
   (Holy Roode).


   In*dep"re*ca*ble   (?),  a.  [L.  indeprecabilis.  See  In-  not,  and
   Deprecate.] Incapable or undeserving of being deprecated. Cockeram.


   In*dep`re*hen"si*ble  (?),  a. [L. indeprehensibilis. See In- not, and
   Deprehensible.] Incapable of being found out. Bp. Morton.


   In`de*priv"a*ble  (?),  a.  Incapable  of  being deprived, or of being
   taken away.


   In`de*scrib"a*ble,    a.    Incapable    of    being   described.   --
   In`de*scrib"a*bly, adv.


   In`de*scrip"tive (?), a. Not descriptive.


   In`de*sert" (?), n. Ill desert. [R.] Addison.


   In*des"i*nent  (?), a. [L. indesinens. See In- not, and Desinent.] Not
   ceasing;  perpetual.  [Obs.]  Baxter. -- In*des"i*nent*ly, adv. [Obs.]


   In`de*sir"a*ble (?), a. Undesirable.


   In`de*struc`ti*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. indestructibilit\'82.] The
   quality of being indestructible.


   In`de*struc"ti*ble,   a.   [Pref.  in-  not  +  destructible:  cf.  F.
   indestructible.]  Not  destructible;  incapable of decomposition or of
   being destroyed. -- In`de*struc"ti*ble*ness, n. -- In`de*struc"ti*bly,


   In`de*ter"mi*na*ble    (?),    a.   [L.   indeterminabilis:   cf.   F.
   ind\'82terminable.  See  In-  not,  and  Determine.] Not determinable;
   impossible  to be determined; not to be definitely known, ascertained,
   defined, or limited. -- In`de*ter"mi*na*bly, adv.


   In`de*ter"mi*na*ble,  n.  An  indeterminable thing or quantity. Sir T.


   In`de*ter"mi*nate  (?),  a.  [L. indeterminatus.] Not determinate; not
   certain or fixed; indefinite; not precise; as, an indeterminate number
   of  years.  Paley.  Indeterminate  analysis  (Math.),  that  branch of
   analysis  which  has  for  its  object  the  solution of indeterminate
   problems.   --   Indeterminate   coefficients   (Math.),  coefficients
   arbitrarily  assumed  for convenience of calculation, or to facilitate
   some  artifice  of analysis. Their values are subsequently determined.
   --  Indeterminate  equation  (Math.), an equation in which the unknown
   quantities admit of an infinite number of values, or sets of values. A
   group  of  equations  is  indeterminate  when it contains more unknown
   quantities  than  there  are equations. -- Indeterminate inflorescence
   (Bot.),  a  mode  of inflorescence in which the flowers all arise from
   axillary  buds,  the  terminal  bud  going  on  to  grow and sometimes
   continuing  the stem indefinitely; -- called also acropetal, botryose,
   centripetal,  AND  indefinite  inflorescence.  Gray.  -- Indeterminate
   problem  (Math.),  a  problem  which  admits  of an infinite number of
   solutions,  or  one  in  which there are fewer imposed conditions than
   there  are  unknown  or  required  results.  -- Indeterminate quantity
   (Math.),  a quantity which has no fixed value, but which may be varied
   in  accordance  with  any  proposed condition. -- Indeterminate series
   (Math.),   a   series   whose  terms  proceed  by  the  powers  of  an
   indeterminate  quantity,  sometimes also with indeterminate exponents,
   or   indeterminate   coefficients.  --  In`de*ter"mi*nate*ly  adv.  --
   In`de*ter"mi*nate*ness, n.


   In`de*ter`mi*na"tion  (?),  n.  [Pref.  in-  not  + determination: cf.

   1.  Want  of  determination; an unsettled or wavering state, as of the
   mind. Jer. Taylor.

   2. Want of fixed or stated direction. Abp. Bramhall.


   In`de*ter"mined (?), a. Undetermined.


   In`de*vir"gin*ate (?), a. [See In- not, Devirginate.] Not devirginate.
   [Obs.] Chapman.


   In*de*vote"  (?),  a. [L. indevotus: cf. F. ind\'82vot. Cf. Indevout.]
   Not devoted. [Obs.] Bentley. Clarendon.


   In`de*vo"tion  (?),  n.  [L. indevotio: cf. F. ind\'82votion.] Want of
   devotion; impiety; irreligion. "An age of indevotion." Jer. Taylor.


   In*de*vout"  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  devout. Cf. Indevote.] Not
   devout. -- In*de*vout"ly, adv.


   In*dew" (?), v. t. To indue. [Obs.] Spenser.


   In"dex  (?),  n.;  pl.  E.  Indexes  (#), L. Indices (#)(. [L.: cf. F.
   index. See Indicate, Diction.]

   1.  That  which points out; that which shows, indicates, manifests, or

     Tastes  are  the  indexes  of  the  different  qualities of plants.

   2.  That which guides, points out, informs, or directs; a pointer or a
   hand  that  directs  to  anything,  as  the hand of a watch, a movable
   finger  on a gauge, scale, or other graduated instrument. In printing,
   a  sign  [\'b5]  used  to  direct  particular  attention  to a note or
   paragraph; -- called also fist.<-- here represented by "&hand;" -->

   3.  A table for facilitating reference to topics, names, and the like,
   in  a book; -- usually alphabetical in arrangement, and printed at the
   end of the volume.

   4. A prologue indicating what follows. [Obs.] Shak.

   5.  (Anat.) The second digit, that next pollex, in the manus, or hand;
   the forefinger; index finger.

   6.  (Math.)  The  figure  or letter which shows the power or root of a
   quantity; the exponent. [In this sense the plural is always indices.]
   Index  error,  the  error  in the reading of a mathematical instrument
   arising  from  the  zero of the index not being in complete adjustment
   with  that  of the limb, or with its theoretically perfect position in
   the  instrument; a correction to be applied to the instrument readings
   equal  to  the  error  of the zero adjustment. -- Index expurgatorius.
   [L.]  See  Index prohibitorius (below). -- Index finger. See Index, 5.
   --  Index  glass, the mirror on the index of a quadrant, sextant, etc.
   --  Index  hand,  the  pointer  or  hand  of  a clock, watch, or other
   registering  machine;  a  hand that points to something. -- Index of a
   logarithm  (Math.), the integral part of the logarithm, and always one
   less  than  the  number of integral figures in the given number. It is
   also  called the characteristic. -- Index of refraction, OR Refractive
   index  (Opt.), the number which expresses the ratio of the sine of the
   angle  of  incidence  to the sine of the angle of refraction. Thus the
   index  of  refraction for sulphur is 2, because, when light passes out
   of  air into sulphur, the sine of the angle of incidence is double the
   sine  of the angle of refraction. -- Index plate, a graduated circular
   plate,  or one with circular rows of holes differently spaced; used in
   machines  for  graduating  circles,  cutting gear teeth, etc. -- Index
   prohibitorius  [L.],  or Prohibitory index (R. C. Ch.), a catalogue of
   books  which  are  forbidden  by  the  church  to  be  read; the index
   expurgatorius [L.], or expurgatory index, is a catalogue of books from
   which  passages  marked  as  against  faith  or morals must be removed
   before  Catholics  can  read them. These catalogues are published with
   additions,  from  time  to  time,  by  the  Congregation of the Index,
   composed  of  cardinals,  theologians, etc., under the sanction of the
   pope.  Hook.  --  Index  rerum  [L.],  a  tabulated  and  alphabetized
   notebook, for systematic preservation of items, quotations, etc.


   In"dex  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Indexed  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Indexing.]  To  provide  with  an index or table of references; to put
   into an index; as, to index a book, or its contents.


   In"dex*er (?), n. One who makes an index.


   In*dex"ic*al  (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or like, an index; having the
   form of an index.


   In*dex"ic*al*ly, adv. In the manner of an index.


   In`dex*ter"i*ty   (?),   n.   [Pref.  in-  not  +  dexterity:  cf.  F.
   indext\'82rit\'82.]  Want of dexterity or readiness, especially in the
   use of the hands; clumsiness; awkwardness. Harvey.


   In"di*a  (?),  n.  [See  Indian.]  A country in Southern Asia; the two
   peninsulas  of Hither and Farther India; in a restricted sense, Hither
   India, or Hindostan. India ink, a nearly black pigment brought chiefly
   from  China,  used for water colors. It is in rolls, or in square, and
   consists  of  lampblack  or  ivory  black and animal glue. Called also
   China  ink.  The true India ink is sepia. See Sepia. -- India matting,
   floor  matting  made  in  China, India, etc., from grass and reeds; --
   also  called  Canton,  OR China, matting. -- India paper, a variety of
   Chinese  paper,  of  smooth  but not glossy surface, used for printing
   from  engravings,  woodcuts,  etc. -- India proof (Engraving), a proof
   impression  from  an  engraved  plate,  taken on India paper. -- India
   rubber. See Caoutchouc. -- India-rubber tree (Bot.), any tree yielding
   caoutchouc,  but  especially  the  East  Indian  Ficus elastica, often
   cultivated for its large, shining, elliptical leaves.


   In*di"a*dem, v. t. To place or set in a diadem, as a gem or gems.


   In"di*a*man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Indiamen  (.  A large vessel in the India
   trade. Macaulay.


   In"di*an  (?;  277),  a [From India, and this fr. Indus, the name of a
   river  in  Asia,  L.  Indus, Gr. Hindu, name of the land on the Indus,
   Skr. sindhu river, the Indus. Cf. Hindoo.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  India proper; also to the East Indies, or,
   sometimes, to the West Indies.

   2.  Of  or  pertaining  to the aborigines, or Indians, of America; as,
   Indian wars; the Indian tomahawk.

   3.  Made of maize or Indian corn; as, Indian corn, Indian meal, Indian
   bread, and the like. [U.S.]
   Indian  bay  (Bot.), a lauraceous tree (Persea Indica). -- Indian bean
   (Bot.),  a  name  of  the  catalpa.  --  Indian  berry. (Bot.) Same as
   Cocculus  indicus.  -- Indian bread. (Bot.) Same as Cassava. -- Indian
   club,  a  wooden  club,  which  is  swung  by  the  hand for gymnastic
   exercise.  --  Indian  cordage, cordage made of the fibers of cocoanut
   husk.  --  Indian corn (Bot.), a plant of the genus Zea (Z. Mays); the
   maize,  a  native  of  America.  See  Corn, and Maize. -- Indian cress
   (Bot.),  nasturtium.  See  Nasturtium, 2. -- Indian cucumber (Bot.), a
   plant  of  the  genus Medeola (M. Virginica), a common in woods in the
   United  States.  The  white  rootstock  has a taste like cucumbers. --
   Indian  currant  (Bot.),  a  plant  of  the  genus  Symphoricarpus (S.
   vulgaris),  bearing  small red berries. -- Indian dye, the puccoon. --
   Indian  fig.  (Bot.) (a) The banyan. See Banyan. (b) The prickly pear.
   -- Indian file, single file; arrangement of persons in a row following
   one  after  another,  the usual way among Indians of traversing woods,
   especially  when  on  the  war  path.  --  Indian  fire, a pyrotechnic
   composition  of  sulphur, niter, and realgar, burning with a brilliant
   white light. -- Indian grass (Bot.), a coarse, high grass (Chrysopogon
   nutans),  common  in  the southern portions of the United States; wood
   grass.  Gray. -- Indian hemp. (Bot.) (a) A plant of the genus Apocynum
   (A.  cannabinum),  having  a  milky  juice, and a tough, fibrous bark,
   whence  the  name. The root it used in medicine and is both emetic and
   cathartic  in  properties.  (b)  The  variety of common hemp (Cannabis
   Indica), from which hasheesh is obtained. -- Indian mallow (Bot.), the
   velvet  leaf  (Abutilon  Avicenn\'91).  See  Abutilon. -- Indian meal,
   ground  corn  or  maize. [U.S.] -- Indian millet (Bot.), a tall annual
   grass  (Sorghum vulgare), having many varieties, among which are broom
   corn,  Guinea  corn,  durra,  and the Chinese sugar cane. It is called
   also  Guinea  corn.  See  Durra. -- Indian ox (Zo\'94l.), the zebu. --
   Indian  paint.  See Bloodroot. -- Indian paper. See India paper, under
   India.  --  Indian  physic (Bot.), a plant of two species of the genus
   Gillenia  (G.  trifoliata,  and  G.  stipulacea), common in the United
   States,  the  roots of which are used in medicine as a mild emetic; --
   called  also American ipecac, and bowman's root. Gray. -- Indian pink.
   (Bot.) (a) The Cypress vine (Ipom\'d2a Quamoclit); -- so called in the
   West Indies. (b) See China pink, under China. -- Indian pipe (Bot.), a
   low,  fleshy  herb  (Monotropa  uniflora), growing in clusters in dark
   woods, and having scalelike leaves, and a solitary nodding flower. The
   whole  plant  is  waxy  white,  but  turns  black in drying. -- Indian
   plantain (Bot.), a name given to several species of the genus Cacalia,
   tall  herbs  with  composite  white flowers, common through the United
   States  in  rich  woods.  Gray. -- Indian poke (Bot.), a plant usually
   known  as  the white hellebore (Veratrum viride). -- Indian pudding, a
   pudding  of  which  the  chief  ingredients are Indian meal, milk, and
   molasses.  --  Indian purple. (a) A dull purple color. (b) The pigment
   of  the  same  name,  intensely  blue  and black. -- Indian red. (a) A
   purplish  red  earth  or  pigment  composed  of a silicate of iron and
   alumina,  with  magnesia.  It comes from the Persian Gulf. Called also
   Persian  red. (b) See Almagra. -- Indian rice (Bot.), a reedlike water
   grass. See Rice. -- Indian shot (Bot.), a plant of the genus Canna (C.
   Indica). The hard black seeds are as large as swan shot. See Canna. --
   Indian  summer,  in  the  United States, a period of warm and pleasant
   weather  occurring late in autumn. See under Summer. -- Indian tobacco
   (Bot.), a species of Lobelia. See Lobelia. -- Indian turnip (Bot.), an
   American  plant  of the genus Aris\'91ma. A. triphyllum has a wrinkled
   farinaceous  root  resembling  a  small  turnip, but with a very acrid
   juice.  See Jack in the Pulpit, and Wake-robin. -- Indian wheat, maize
   or  Indian  corn.  -- Indian yellow. (a) An intense rich yellow color,
   deeper than gamboge but less pure than cadmium. (b) See Euxanthin.


   In"di*an (?; 277), n.

   1. A native or inhabitant of India.

   2.  One  of  the  aboriginal  inhabitants  of  America;  --  so called
   originally from the supposed identity of America with India.


   In`di*an*eer" (?), n. (Naut.) An Indiaman.

                                 India rubber

   In"di*a rub"ber (?). See Caoutchouc.


   In"dic*al  (?), a. [From L. index, indicis, an index.] Indexical. [R.]


   In"di*can (?), n. [See Indigo.]

   1.  (Chem.)  A  glucoside  obtained from woad (indigo plant) and other
   plants,  as  a  yellow  or light brown sirup. It has a nauseous bitter
   taste, a decomposes or drying. By the action of acids, ferments, etc.,
   it  breaks  down  into  sugar  and indigo. It is the source of natural

   2.  (Physiol.  Chem.) An indigo-forming substance, found in urine, and
   other  animal  fluids,  and  convertible  into  red  and  blue  indigo
   (urrhodin  and  uroglaucin).  Chemically,  it  is  indoxyl sulphate of
   potash,  C8H6NSO4K,  and  is  derived  from  the  indol  formed in the
   alimentary canal. Called also uroxanthin.


   In"di*cant  (?),  a.  [L.  indicans,  p.  pr. indicare. See Indicate.]
   Serving to point out, as a remedy; indicating.


   In"di*cant,  n. That which indicates or points out; as, an indicant of
   the remedy for a disease.


   In"di*cate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Indicated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Indicating  (?).]  [L. indicatus, p. p. of indicare to indicate; pref.
   in-  in  + dicare to proclaim; akin to dicere to say. See Diction, and
   cf. Indict, Indite.]

   1. To point out; to discover; to direct to a knowledge of; to show; to
   make known.

     That turns and turns to indicate From what point blows the weather.

   2.  (Med.)  To show or manifest by symptoms; to point to as the proper
   remedies;  as,  great  prostration  of  strength  indicates the use of

   3.  (Mach.)  To  investigate  the  condition  or power of, as of steam
   engine,  by  means  of  an  indicator. Syn. -- To show; mark; signify;
   denote;   discover;  evidence;  evince;  manifest;  declare;  specify;
   explain; exhibit; present; reveal; disclose; display.


   In"di*ca`ted  (?),  a. Shown; denoted; registered; measured. Indicated
   power. See Indicated horse power, under Horse power.


   In`di*ca"tion (?), n. [L. indicatio: cf. F. indication.]

   1. Act of pointing out or indicating.

   2.  That  which  serves  to  indicate or point out; mark; token; sign;
   symptom; evidence.

     The  frequent  stops  they  make  in the most convenient places are
     plain indications of their weariness. Addison.

   3. Discovery made; information. Bentley.

   4. Explanation; display. [Obs.] Bacon.

   5.  (Med.)  Any  symptom  or  occurrence in a disease, which serves to
   direct  to  suitable  remedies.  Syn.  --  Proof; demonstration; sign;
   token; mark; evidence; signal.


   In*dic"a*tive (?), a. [L. indicativus: cf. F. indicatif.]

   1. Pointing out; bringing to notice; giving intimation or knowledge of
   something not visible or obvious.

     That  truth  id  productive  of  utility, and utility indicative of
     truth, may be thus proved. Bp. Warburton.

   2.  (Fine  Arts)  Suggestive;  representing  the whole by a part, as a
   fleet by a ship, a forest by a tree, etc.
   Indicative  mood  (Gram.),  that  mood  or  form  of  the  verb  which
   indicates, that is, which simply affirms or denies or inquires; as, he
   writes; he is not writing; has the mail arrived?
   In*dic"a*tive, n. (Gram.) The indicative mood.
   In*dic"a*tive*ly,  adv.  In  an indicative manner; in a way to show or
   In"di*ca`tor (?), n. [L.: cf. F. indicateur.]
   1.  One  who, or that which, shows or points out; as, a fare indicator
   in a street car.
   2.  (Mach.) A pressure gauge; a water gauge, as for a steam boiler; an
   apparatus or instrument for showing the working of a machine or moving
   part;  as:  (a)  (Steam  Engine)  An  instrument which draws a diagram
   showing  the  varying pressure in the cylinder of an engine or pump at
   every   point   of  the  stroke.  It  consists  of  a  small  cylinder
   communicating  with the engine cylinder and fitted with a piston which
   the varying pressure drives upward more or less against the resistance
   of  a  spring.  A  lever  imparts  motion to a pencil which traces the
   diagram  on a card wrapped around a vertical drum which is turned back
   and forth by a string connected with the piston rod of the engine. See
   Indicator  card  (below).  (b)  A  telltale  connected with a hoisting
   machine,  to  show,  at  the  surface, the position of the cage in the
   shaft of a mine, etc.
   Page 752
   3.  (Mech.) The part of an instrument by which an effect is indicated,
   as an index or pointer.

   4.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any bird of the genus Indicator and allied genera. See
   Honey guide, under Honey.

   5.  (Chem.) That which indicates the condition of acidity, alkalinity,
   or  the  deficiency,  excess, or sufficiency of a standard reagent, by
   causing  an  appearance,  disappearance,  or  change  of  color, as in
   titration or volumetric analysis.

     NOTE: &hand; The common indicators are limits, trop\'91olin, phenol
     phthalein, potassic permanganate, etc.

   Indicator  card,  the figure drawn by an engine indicator, by means of
   which  the  working  of  the  engine can be investigated and its power
   calculated.  The Illustration shows one form of indicator card, from a
   steam  engine, together with scales by which the pressure of the steam
   above  or  below that of the atmosphere, corresponding to any position
   of  the  engine  piston  in  its  stroke, can be measured. Called also
   indicator  diagram.  --  Indicator telegraph, a telegraph in which the
   signals   are  the  deflections  of  a  magnetic  needle,  as  in  the
   trans-Atlantic system.


   In"di*ca*to*ry  (?;  277),  a. Serving to show or make known; showing;
   indicative; signifying; implying.


   In`di*ca"trix  (?),  n.  [NL.]  (Geom.  of Three Dimensions) A certain
   conic  section  supposed  to  be  drawn  in  the  tangent plane to any
   surface,  and  used  to  determine  the  accidents of curvature of the
   surface  at  the  point  of  contact.  The  curve  is  similar  to the
   intersection  of  the surface with a parallel to the tangent plane and
   indefinitely  near  it.  It  is  an  ellipse  when  the  curvature  is
   synclastic, and an hyperbola when the curvature is anticlastic.


   In`di*ca"vit  (?),  n.  [L.,  he  has indicated.] (Eng. Law) A writ of
   prohibition  against  proceeding  in  the  spiritual  court in certain
   cases,  when  the  suit belongs to the common-law courts. Wharton (Law
   Dict. ).


   In"dice  (?),  n.  [F.  indice  indication,  index. See Index.] Index;
   indication. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   In"di*ces (?), n. pl. See Index.


   In*di"ci*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [L.,  pl. of indicium, fr. index an index.]
   (Law)  Discriminating  marks; signs; tokens; indications; appearances.


   In*dic"i*ble (?), a. [F.] Unspeakable. [Obs.]


   In*dic"o*lite (?), n. [L. indicum indigo + -lite: cf. F. indicolithe.]
   (Min.) A variety of tourmaline of an indigo-blue color.


   In*dict"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Indicted (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Indicting.] [OE. enditen. See Indite.]

   1. To write; to compose; to dictate; to indite. [Obs.]

   2.  To  appoint  publicly  or  by  authority; to proclaim or announce.

     I am told shall have no Lent indicted this year. Evelyn.

   3. (Law) To charge with a crime, in due form of law, by the finding or
   presentment  of  a  grand  jury; to find an indictment against; as, to
   indict a man for arson. It is the peculiar province of a grand jury to
   indict, as it is of a house of representatives to impeach.


   In*dict"a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of being, or liable to be, indicted;
   subject to indictment; as, an indictable offender or offense.


   In`dict*ee" (?), n. (Law) A person indicted.


   In*dict"er (?), n. One who indicts.


   In*dic"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  indictio:  cf.  F.  indiction. See Indict,

   1.  Declaration;  proclamation;  public  notice or appointment. [Obs.]
   "Indiction of a war." Bacon.

     Secular  princes  did  use  to  indict, or permit the indiction of,
     synods of bishops. Jer. Taylor.

   2. A cycle of fifteen years.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is mo de of  re ckoning ti me is  said to have been
     introduced by Constantine the Great, in connection with the payment
     of  tribute.  It was adopted at various times by the Greek emperors
     of  Constantinople,  the  popes,  and  the  parliaments  of France.
     Through  the influence of the popes, it was extensively used in the
     ecclesiastical  chronology  of  the  Middle  Ages.  The  number  of
     indictions  was  reckoned  at  first  from 312 a. d., but since the
     twelfth  century it has been reckoned from the birth of Christ. The
     papal  indiction  is  the only one ever used at the present day. To
     find  the  indiction and year of the indiction by the first method,
     subtract  312  from  the given year a. d., and divide by 15; by the
     second method, add 3 to the given year a. d., and the divide by 15.
     In  either  case,  the  quotient  is  the  number  of  the  current
     indiction,  and  the remainder the year of the indiction. See Cycle
     of indiction, under Cycle.


   In*dic"tive (?), a. [L. indictivus. See Indict.] Proclaimed; declared;
   public. Kennet.


   In*dict"ment (?), n. [Cf. Inditement.]

   1. The act of indicting, or the state of being indicted.

   2.  (Law)  The  formal  statement  of  an  offense,  as  framed by the
   prosecuting authority of the State, and found by the grand jury.

     NOTE: &hand; To  th e va lidity of  an  indictment a finding by the
     grand  jury  is  essential,  while  an  information  rests  only on
     presentation by the prosecuting authority.

   3. An accusation in general; a formal accusation.
   Bill of indictment. See under Bill.


   In*dict"or (?), n. (Law) One who indicts. Bacon.


   In"dies  (?), n. pl. A name designating the East Indies, also the West

     Our king has all the Indies in his arms. Shak.


   In*dif"fer*ence   (?),   n.  [L.  indifferentia  similarity,  want  of
   difference: cf. F. indiff\'82rence.]

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  indifferent,  or  not making a
   difference;  want of sufficient importance to constitute a difference;
   absence of weight; insignificance.

   2. Passableness; mediocrity.

   3. Impartiality; freedom from prejudice, prepossession, or bias.

     He . . . is far from such indifference and equity as ought and must
     be in judges which he saith I assign. Sir T. More.

   4.  Absence  of anxiety or interest in respect to what is presented to
   the mind; unconcernedness; as, entire indifference to all that occurs.

     Indifference  can  not but be criminal, when it is conversant about
     objects  which are so far from being of an indifferent nature, that
     they are highest importance. Addison.

   Syn.  --  Carelessness;  negligence; unconcern; apathy; insensibility;
   coldness; lukewarmness.


   In*dif"fer*en*cy  (?),  n.  Absence of interest in, or influence from,
   anything;  unconcernedness; equilibrium; indifferentism; indifference.

     To  give  ourselves  to  a detestable indifferency or neutrality in
     this cause. Fuller.

     Moral  liberty  .  .  .  does not, after all, consist in a power of
     indifferency,  or in a power of choosing without regard to motives.


   In*dif"fer*ent  (?),  a.  [F.  indiff\'82rent, L. indifferens. See In-
   not, and Different.]

   1. Not mal

     Dangers are to me indifferent. Shak.

     Everything in the world is indifferent but sin. Jer. Taylor.

     His  slightest  and  most indifferent acts . . . were odious in the
     clergyman's sight. Hawthorne.

   2.  Neither  particularly  good,  not  very  bad; of a middle state or
   quality; passable; mediocre.

     The staterooms are in indifferent order. Sir W. Scott.

   3.  Not  inclined  to one side, party, or choice more than to another;
   neutral; impartial.

     Indifferent in his choice to sleep or die. Addison.

   4.  Feeling  no  interest,  anxiety,  or  care,  respecting  anything;
   unconcerned;  inattentive;  apathetic; heedless; as, to be indifferent
   to the welfare of one's family.

     It was a law of Solon, that any person who, in the civil commotions
     of  the  republic,  remained neuter, or an indifferent spectator of
     the   contending   parties,   should   be  condemned  to  perpetual
     banishment. Addison.

   5.   (Law)   Free   from   bias  or  prejudice;  impartial;  unbiased;

     In  choice  of committees for ripening business for the counsel, it
     is  better  indifferent  persons  than  to  make an indifferency by
     putting in those that are strong on both sides. Bacon.

   Indifferent tissue (Anat.), the primitive, embryonic, undifferentiated
   tissue, before conversion into connective, muscular, nervous, or other
   definite tissue.


   In*dif"fer*ent, adv. To a moderate degree; passably; tolerably. [Obs.]
   "News indifferent good." Shak.


   In*dif"fer*ent*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. indiff\'82rentisme.]

   1. State of indifference; want of interest or earnestness; especially,
   a  systematic  apathy  regarding  what is true or false in religion or
   philosophy; agnosticism.

     The  indifferentism  which  equalizes all religions and gives equal
     rights to truth and error. Cardinal Manning.

   2. (Metaph.) Same as Identism.

   3.  (R. C. Ch.) A heresy consisting in an unconcern for any particular
   creed, provided the morals be right and good. Gregory XVI.


   In*dif"fer*ent*ist, n. One governed by indifferentism.


   In*dif"fer*ent*ly,  adv. In an indifferent manner; without distinction
   or  preference;  impartially;  without  concern,  wish,  affection, or
   aversion; tolerably; passably.

     That  they  may  truly  and  indifferently minister justice, to the
     punishment  of  wickedness  and vice, and to the maintenance of thy
     true religion, and virtue. Book of Com. Prayer [Eng. Ed. ]

     Set  honor  in  one  eye and death i' the other, And I will look on
     both indifferently. Shak.

     I hope it may indifferently entertain your lordship at an unbending
     hour. Rowe.


   In`di*ful"vin  (?), n. [Indican + L. fulvus reddish yellow.] (Chem.) A
   reddish resinous substance, obtained from indican.


   In`di*fus"cin  (?),  n.  [Indican  + L. fuscus dusky.] (Chem.) A brown
   amorphous powder, obtained from indican.


   In"di*geen (?), n. Same as Indigene. Darwin.


   In"di*gence  (?),  n. [L. indigentia: cf. F. indigence. See Indigent.]
   The  condition  of  being  indigent;  want  of  estate,  or  means  of
   comfortable  subsistence;  penury;  poverty;  as, helpless, indigence.
   Cowper.  Syn.  -- Poverty; penury; destitution; want; need; privation;
   lack. See Poverty.


   In"di*gen*cy (?), n. Indigence.

     New indigencies founded upon new desires. South.


   In"di*gene  (?), n. [L. indigena: cf. F. indig\'8ane. See Indigenous.]
   One  born  in a country; an aboriginal animal or plant; an autochthon.
   Evelyn. Tylor.


   In*dig"e*nous  (?),  a.  [L. indigenus, indigena, fr. OL. indu (fr. in
   in) + the root of L. gignere to beget, bear. See In, and Gender.]

   1.  Native;  produced,  growing,  or living, naturally in a country or
   climate; not exotic; not imported.

     Negroes  were all transported from Africa and are not indigenous or
     proper natives of America. Sir T. Browne.

     In America, cotton, being indigenous, is cheap. Lion Playas.

   2. Native; inherent; innate.

     Joy and hope are emotions indigenous to the human mind. I. Taylor.


   In"di*gent  (?),  a.  [L.  indigent, L. indigens, p. p. of indigere to
   stand in need of, fr. OL. indu (fr. in- in) + L. egere to be needy, to

   1. Wanting; void; free; destitute; -- used with of. [Obs.] Bacon.

   2.  Destitute  of property or means of comfortable subsistence; needy;
   poor; in want; necessitous.

     Indigent faint souls past corporal toil. Shak.

     Charity consists in relieving the indigent. Addison.


   In"di*gent*ly, adv. In an indigent manner.


   In`di*gest" (?), a. [L. indigestus unarranged. See Indigested.] Crude;
   unformed; unorganized; undigested. [Obs.] "A chaos rude and indigest."
   W. Browne. "Monsters and things indigest." Shak.


   In`di*gest", n. Something indigested. [Obs.] Shak.


   In`di*gest"ed, a. [Pref. in- not + digested.]

   1. Not digested; undigested. "Indigested food." Dryden.

   2.  Not resolved; not regularly disposed and arranged; not methodical;
   crude; as, an indigested array of facts.

     In  hot reformations . . . the whole is generally crude, harsh, and
     indigested. Burke.

     This, like an indigested meteor, appeared and disappeared almost at
     the same time. South.

   3.  (Med.) (a) Not in a state suitable for healing; -- said of wounds.
   (b) Not ripened or suppurated; -- said of an abscess or its contents.

   4. Not softened by heat, hot water, or steam.


   In`di*gest"ed*ness,  n.  The  state  or  quality  of being undigested;
   crudeness. Bp. Burnet.


   In*di*gest`i*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   The  state  or  quality  of  being
   indigestible; indigestibleness.


   In`di*gest"i*ble  (?), a. [L. indigestibilis: cf. F. indigestible. See
   In- not, and Digest.]

   1.  Not  digestible;  not readily soluble in the digestive juices; not
   easily convertible into products fitted for absorption.

   2.  Not  digestible  in  the  mind;  distressful;  intolerable; as, an
   indigestible  simile.  T.  Warton.  --  In`di*gest"i*ble*ness,  n.  --
   In`di*gest"i*bly, adv.


   In`di*ges"tion  (?;  106),  n. [L. indigestio: cf. F. indigestion. See
   In-  not,  and  Digest.] Lack of proper digestive action; a failure of
   the  normal changes which food should undergo in the alimentary canal;
   dyspepsia; incomplete or difficult digestion.


   In*dig"i*tate  (?),  v.  i.  [Pref.  in-  in  + L. digitus finger.] To
   communicative ideas by the fingers; to show or compute by the fingers.


   In*dig"i*tate,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Indigitated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Indigitating (?).] To point out with the finger; to indicate. [Obs.]

     The  depressing this finger, . . . in the right hand indigitate six
     hundred. Sir T. Browne.


   In*dig`i*ta"tion  (?),  n. The act of pointing out as with the finger;
   indication. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.


   In`di*glu"cin (?), n. [Indican + glucin.] (Chem.) The variety of sugar
   (glucose)  obtained  from  the glucoside indican. It is unfermentable,
   but reduces Fehling's solution.


   In*dign"  (?),  a. [L. indignus; pref. in- not + dignus worthy: cf. F.
   indigne.  See Dignity.] Unworthy; undeserving; disgraceful; degrading.

     Counts  it  scorn  to  draw  Comfort  indign from any meaner thing.

                            Indignance, Indignancy

   In*dig"nance (?), In*dig"nan*cy (?), n. Indignation. [Obs.] Spenser.


   In*dig"nant  (?),  a. [L. indignans, -antis, p. pr. of indignari to be
   indignant,  disdain. See Indign.] Affected with indignation; wrathful;
   passionate;  irate;  feeling wrath, as when a person is exasperated by
   unworthy  or  unjust  treatment,  by  a mean action, or by a degrading

     He  strides  indignant,  and with haughty cries To single fight the
     fairy prince defies. Tickell.


   In*dig"nant*ly, adv. In an indignant manner.


   In`dig*na"tion (?), n. [F. indignation, L. indignatio. See Indign.]

   1.   The   feeling  excited  by  that  which  is  unworthy,  base,  or
   disgraceful;  anger  mingled  with  contempt,  disgust, or abhorrence.

     Indignation expresses a strong and elevated disapprobation of mind,
     which  is  also  inspired by something flagitious in the conduct of
     another. Cogan.

     When  Haman  saw Mordecai in the king's gate, that he stood not up,
     nor  moved  for  him,  he was full of indignation against Mordecai.
     Esther v. 9.

   2. The effect of anger; punishment. Shak.

     Hide thyself . . . until the indignation be overpast. Is. xxvi. 20.

   Syn. -- Anger; ire wrath; fury; rage. See Anger.


   In*dig"ni*fy  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  indignus  unworthy  +  -fy.] To treat
   disdainfully or with indignity; to contemn. [Obs.] Spenser.


   In*dig"ni*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Indignities  (#). [L. indignitas: cf. F.
   indignit\'82.  See  Indign.] Any action toward another which manifests
   contempt  for  him;  an  offense  against  personal dignity; unmerited
   contemptuous  treatment;  contumely; incivility or injury, accompanied
   with insult.

     How  might  a  prince of my great hopes forget So great indignities
     you laid upon me? Shak.

     A  person of so great place and worth constrained to endure so foul
     indignities. Hooker.


   In*dign"ly (?), adv. Unworthily. [Obs.]


   In"di*go (?), n.; pl. Indigoes (#). [F. indigo, Sp. indigo, indico, L.
   indicum indigo, fr. Indicus Indian. See Indian.]

   1. A kind of deep blue, one of the seven prismatic colors.

   Page 753

   2.  (Chem.)  A blue dyestuff obtained from several plants belonging to
   very  different  genera  and  orders;  as, the woad, Isatis tinctoria,
   Indigofera  tinctoria,  I.  Anil, Nereum tinctorium, etc. It is a dark
   blue  earthy  substance,  tasteless and odorless, with a copper-violet
   luster  when  rubbed. Indigo does not exist in the plants as such, but
   is obtained by decomposition of the glycoside indican.

     NOTE: &hand; Co mmercial in digo co ntains th e es sential coloring
     principle  indigo  blue or indigotine, with several other dyes; as,
     indigo  red,  indigo brown, etc., and various impurities. Indigo is
     insoluble  in  ordinary  reagents,  with  the  exception  of strong
     sulphuric acid.

   Chinese  indigo  (Bot.),  Isatis  indigotica,  a kind of woad. -- Wild
   indigo  (Bot.),  the  American  herb Baptisia tinctoria which yields a
   poor quality of indigo, as do several other species of the same genus.


   In"di*go  (?), a. Having the color of, pertaining to, or derived from,
   indigo. Indigo berry (Bot.), the fruit of the West Indian shrub Randia
   aculeata, used as a blue dye. -- Indigo bird (Zo\'94l.), a small North
   American  finch (Cyanospiza cyanea). The male is indigo blue in color.
   Called also indigo bunting. -- Indigo blue. (a) The essential coloring
   material  of  commercial  indigo,  from which it is obtained as a dark
   blue  earthy  powder,  with a reddish luster, C16H10N2O2, which may be
   crystallized  by sublimation. Indigo blue is also made from artificial
   amido  cinnamic  acid,  and from artificial isatine; and these methods
   are of great commercial importance. Called also indigotin. (b) A dark,
   dull  blue color like the indigo of commerce. -- Indigo brown (Chem.),
   a  brown  resinous  substance  found in crude indigo. -- Indigo copper
   (Min.),  covellite.  -- Indigo green, a green obtained from indigo. --
   Indigo  plant  (Bot.),  a  leguminous  plant of several species (genus
   Indigofera),  from  which  indigo is prepared. The different varieties
   are  natives  of  Asia,  Africa,  and  America.  Several  species  are
   cultivated,  of  which  the  most  important  are the I. tinctoria, or
   common  indigo  plant,  the  I.  Anil,  a  larger  species, and the I.
   disperma.  --  Indigo purple, a purple obtained from indigo. -- Indigo
   red, a dyestuff, isomeric with indigo blue, obtained from crude indigo
   as  a  dark  brown  amorphous  powder. -- Indigo snake (Zo\'94l.), the
   gopher  snake. -- Indigo white, a white crystalline powder obtained by
   reduction  from  indigo  blue, and by oxidation easily changed back to
   it;  --  called also indigogen. -- Indigo yellow, a substance obtained
   from indigo.


   In`di*gof"e*ra  (?),  n.  [NL.,  from  E.  indigo + L. ferre to bear.]
   (Bot.)  A  genus  of  leguminous plants having many species, mostly in
   tropical  countries,  several of them yielding indigo, esp. Indigofera
   tinctoria, and I. Anil.


   In"di*go*gen (?), n. [Indigo + -gen.]

   1. (Chem.) See Indigo white, under Indigo.

   2. (Physiol. Chem.) Same as Indican, 2.


   In`di*gom"e*ter   (?),   n.  [Indigo  +  -meter.]  An  instrument  for
   ascertaining  the  strength  of  an  indigo solution, as in volumetric
   analysis. Ure.


   In`di*gom"e*try  (?), n. The art or method of determining the coloring
   power of indigo.


   In`di*got"ic  (?),  a. [Cf. F. indigotique.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or
   derived  from, indigo; as, indigotic acid, which is also called anilic
   or nitrosalicylic acid.


   In"di*go*tin (?), n. (Chem.) See Indigo blue, under Indigo.


   In`dig*ru"bin  (?),  n. [Indigo + L. ruber red.] (Physiol. Chem.) Same
   as Urrhodin.


   In`di*hu"min  (?),  n.  [Indican  +  humin.] (Chem.) A brown amorphous
   substance resembling humin, and obtained from indican.


   In*dil"a*to*ry (?), a. Not dilatory. [Obs.]


   In*dil"i*gence  (?), n. [L. indiligentia: cf. F. indiligence.] Want of
   diligence. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   In*dil"i*gent   (?),   a.  [L.  indiligens:  cf.  F.  indiligent.  See
   Diligent.]   Not   diligent;   idle;   slothful.  [Obs.]  Feltham.  --
   In*dil"i*gent*ly, adv. [Obs.]


   In`di*min"ish*a*ble  (?),  a.  Incapable  of  being  diminished.  [R.]


   In"din   (?),  n.  [From  Indigo.]  (Chem.)  A  dark  red  crystalline
   substance, isomeric with and resembling indigo blue, and obtained from
   isatide and dioxindol.


   In`di*rect" (?), a. [Pref. in- not + direct: cf. F. indirect.]

   1.  Not  direct;  not straight or rectilinear; deviating from a direct
   line or course; circuitous; as, an indirect road.

   2.  Not  tending to an aim, purpose, or result by the plainest course,
   or  by  obvious  means,  but  obliquely  or consequentially; by remote
   means; as, an indirect accusation, attack, answer, or proposal.

     By what bypaths and indirect, crooked ways I met this crown. Shak.

   3.  Not  straightforward  or  upright;  unfair;  dishonest; tending to
   mislead or deceive.

     Indirect dealing will be discovered one time or other. Tillotson.

   4.  Not  resulting  directly  from  an  act or cause, but more or less
   remotely  connected  with  or growing out of it; as, indirect results,
   damages, or claims.

   5. (Logic & Math.) Not reaching the end aimed at by the most plain and
   direct method; as, an indirect proof, demonstration, etc.
   Indirect  claims,  claims  for  remote  or  consequential damage. Such
   claims  were  presented  to  and  thrown  out by the commissioners who
   arbitrated   the   damage  inflicted  on  the  United  States  by  the
   Confederate  States  cruisers  built and supplied by Great Britain. --
   Indirect  demonstration,  a  mode  of  demonstration in which proof is
   given  by  showing  that  any  other supposition involves an absurdity
   (reductio ad absurdum), or an impossibility; thus, one quantity may be
   proved  equal to another by showing that it can be neither greater nor
   less.  --  Indirect  discourse.  (Gram.)  See  Direct discourse, under
   Direct.   --   Indirect  evidence,  evidence  or  testimony  which  is
   circumstantial  or  inferential,  but  without  witness; -- opposed to
   direct evidence. -- Indirect tax, a tax, such as customs, excises, <--
   VAT,-->etc.,  exacted  directly from the merchant, but paid indirectly
   by  the  consumer  in  the  higher  price demanded for the articles of


   In`di*rect"ed, a. Not directed; aimless. [Obs.]


   In`di*rec"tion  (?), n. [Cf. F. indirection.] Oblique course or means;
   dishonest  practices;  indirectness.  "By indirections find directions
   out." Shak.


   In`di*rect"ly (?), adv. In an direct manner; not in a straight line or
   course;  not  in express terms; obliquely; not by direct means; hence,
   unfairly; wrongly.

     To tax it indirectly by taxing their expense. A. Smith.

     Your crown and kingdom indirectly held. Shak.


   In`di*rect"ness, n.

   1.  The  quality  or  state of being indirect; obliquity; deviousness;

   2.  Deviation  from  an upright or straightforward course; unfairness;
   dishonesty. W. Montagu.


   In`di*re"tin  (?),  n.  [Indian  +  Gr.  (Chem.) A dark brown resinous
   substance obtained from indican.


   In`di*ru"bin  (?),  n.  [Indigo  +  L. ruber red.] (Chem.) A substance
   isomeric  with,  and resembling, indigo blue, and accompanying it as a
   side product, in its artificial production.


   In`dis*cern"i*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  discernible:  cf. F.
   indiscernable.]  Not  to be discerned; imperceptible; not discoverable
   or visible.

     Secret and indiscernible ways. Jer. Taylor.

   -- In`dis*cern"i*ble*ness, n. -- In`dis*cern"i*bly, adv.

                      Indiscerpibility, Indiscerptibility

   In`dis*cerp`i*bil"i*ty  (?), In`dis*cerp`ti*bil"i*ty (?), n. The state
   or quality of being indiscerpible. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.

                         Indiscerpible, Indiscerptible

   In`dis*cerp"i*ble  (?),  In`dis*cerp"ti*ble  (?),  a. Not discerpible;
   inseparable.   [Obs.]   Bp.  Butler.  --  In`dis*cerp"i*ble*ness,  n.,
   In`dis*cerp"ti*ble*ness, n. [Obs.] -- In`dis*cerp"ti*bly, adv. [Obs.]


   In*dis"ci*plin*a*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref. in- not + disciplinable: cf. F.
   indisciplinable.] Not disciplinable; undisciplinable. [R.]


   In*dis"ci*pline  (?),  n. [L. indisplina: cf. F. indiscipline. See In-
   not, and Discipline.] Want of discipline or instruction. [R.]


   In`dis*cov"er*a*ble  (?),  a.  Not  discoverable;  undiscoverable.  J.


   In`dis*cov"er*y (?), n. Want of discovery. [Obs.]


   In`dis*creet" (?), a. [OE. indiscret, F. indiscret, fr. L. indiscretus
   unseparated,   indiscreet.   See   In-  not,  and  Discreet,  and  cf.
   Indiscrete.] Not discreet; wanting in discretion.

     So drunken, and so indiscreet an officer. Shak.

   Syn.   --   Imprudent;   injudicious;   inconsiderate;   rash;  hasty;
   incautious;  heedless; undiscerning; foolish. -- In`dis*creet"ly, adv.
   -- In`dis*creet"ness, n.


   In`dis*crete" (?), a. [L. indiscretus unseparated. See Indiscreet.]

   1. Indiscreet. [Obs.] Boyle.

   2. Not discrete or separated; compact; homogenous.

     An indiscrete mass of confused matter. Pownall.


   In`dis*cre"tion   (?),   n.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  discretion:  cf.  F.

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being indiscreet; want of discretion;

   2. An indiscreet act; indiscreet behavior.

     Past indiscretion is a venial crime. Cowper.


   In`dis*crim"i*nate  (?),  a. Not discriminate; wanting discrimination;
   undistinguishing;  not  making any distinction; confused; promiscuous.
   "Blind or indiscriminate forgiveness." I. Taylor.

     The indiscriminate defense of right and wrong. Junius.

   -- In`dis*crim"i*nate*ly, adv. Cowper.


   In`dis*crim"i*na`ting     (?),     a.     Not    discriminating.    --
   In`dis*crim"i*na`ting*ly, adv.


   In`dis*crim`i*na"tion  (?),  n. Want of discrimination or distinction;
   impartiality. Jefferson.


   In`dis*crim"i*na*tive    (?),    a.   Making   no   distinction;   not


   In`dis*cussed"  (?), a. [Pref. in- not + discuss: cf. L. indiscussus.]
   Not discussed. [Obs.] Donne.


   In`dis*pen`sa*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   [Cf.   F.   indispensabilit\'82.]


   In`dis*pen"sa*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  dispensable:  cf. F.

   1.  Not  dispensable;  impossible  to be omitted, remitted, or spared;
   absolutely necessary or requisite.

   2.  (Eccl.)  Not  admitting  dispensation;  not  subject to release or
   exemption. [R.]

     The law was moral and indispensable. Bp. Burnet.

   3. Unavoidable; inevitable. [Obs.] Fuller.


   In`dis*pen"sa*ble*ness,   n.   The   state   or   quality   of   being
   indispensable, or absolutely necessary. S. Clarke.


   In`dis*pen"sa*bly,  adv.  In  an  indispensable manner. "Indispensably
   necessary." Bp. Warburton.


   In`dis*persed" (?), a. Not dispersed. [R.]


   In`dis*pose"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Indisposed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Indisposing.]  [OE.  indispos  indisposed,  feeble, or F. indispos\'82
   indisposed. See In- not, and Dispose.]

   1. To render unfit or unsuited; to disqualify.

   2. To disorder slightly as regards health; to make somewhat. Shak.

     It made him rather indisposed than sick. Walton.

   3.  To  disincline;  to  render  averse  or unfavorable; as, a love of
   pleasure   indisposes   the  mind  to  severe  study;  the  pride  and
   selfishness of men indispose them to religious duties.

     The  king  was  sufficiently indisposed towards the persons, or the
     principles, of Calvin's disciples. Clarendon.


   In`dis*pos"ed*ness   (?),   n.  The  condition  or  quality  of  being
   indisposed. [R.] Bp. Hall.


   In*dis`po*si"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. indisposition.]

   1.   The   state   of   being   indisposed;  disinclination;  as,  the
   indisposition of two substances to combine.

     A general indisposition towards believing. Atterbury.

   2. A slight disorder or illness.

     Rather  as  an  indisposition  in  health than as any set sickness.


   In*dis`pu*ta*bil"i*ty    (?),    n.   [Cf.   F.   indisputabilit\'82.]


   In*dis"pu*ta*ble  (?;  277),  a.  [Pref.  in- not + disputable: cf. F.
   indisputable.]  Not disputable; incontrovertible; too evident to admit
   of  dispute.  Syn. -- Incontestable; unquestionable; incontrovertible;
   undeniable;   irrefragable;   certain;   positive;   undoubted;  sure;
   infallible. -- In*dis"pu*ta*ble*ness, n. -- In*dis"pu*ta*bly, adv.


   In`dis*put"ed (?), a. Undisputed.


   In*dis"si*pa*ble (?), a. Incapable o


   In*dis`do*lu*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. indissolubilit\'82.] The quality
   or state of being indissoluble.


   In*dis"so*lu*ble  (?), a. [L. indissolubilis: cf. F. indissoluble. See
   In- not, and Dissoluble, and cf. Indissolvable.]

   1.  Not  dissoluble;  not  capable  of  being  dissolved,  melted,  or
   liquefied;  insoluble; as few substances are indissoluble by heat, but
   many are indissoluble in water. Boyle.

   2.  Incapable  of  being  rightfully  broken or dissolved; perpetually
   binding  or  obligatory;  firm;  stable, as, an indissoluble league or

     To  the  which  my  duties Are with a most indissoluble tie Forever
     knit. Shak.


   In*dis"so*lu*ble*ness, n. Indissolubility. Sir M. Hale.


   In*dis"so*lu*bly, adv. In an indissoluble manner.

     On they move, indissolubly firm. Milton.


   In`dis*solv"a*ble   (?),   a.   [Pref.  in-  not  +  dissolvable.  Cf.
   Indissoluble.]  Not  dissolvable;  incapable  of  being  dissolved  or
   separated;   incapable  oas,  an  indissolvable  bond  of  union.  Bp.


   In`dis*solv"a*ble*ness, n. Indissolubleness.


   In*dis"tan*cy (?), n. Want of distance o [Obs.] Bp. Pearson.


   In`dis*tinct"  (?),  a.  [L.  indistinctus: cf. F. indistinct. See In-
   not, and Distinct.]

   1.  Not  distinct or distinguishable; not separate in such a manner as
   to  be perceptible by itself; as, the indistinct parts of a substance.
   "Indistinct as water is in water." Shak.

   2.  Obscure  to the mind or senses; not clear; not definite; confused;
   imperfect;  faint;  as,  indistinct  vision;  an  indistinct sound; an
   indistinct idea or recollection.

     When we come to parts too small four our senses, our ideas of these
     little bodies become obscure and indistinct. I. Watts.

     Their views, indeed, are indistinct and dim. Cowper.

   Syn.  --  Undefined;  indistinguishable;  obscure;  indefinite; vague;
   ambiguous; uncertain; confused.


   In`dis*tinc"ti*ble (?), a. Indistinguishable. [Obs.] T. Warton.


   In`dis*tinc"tion  (?),  n. [Cf. F. indistinction.] Want of distinction
   or distinguishableness; confusion; uncertainty; indiscrimination.

     The  indistinction  of  many  of the same name . . . hath made some
     doubt. Sir T. Browne.

     An  indistinction of all persons, or equality of all orders, is far
     from being agreeable to the will of God. Sprat.


   In`dis*tinc"tive  (?),  a.  Having  nothing  distinctive;  common.  --
   In`dis*tinc"tive*ness, n.


   In`dis*tinct"ly  (?),  adv.  In  an  indistinct  manner;  not clearly;
   confusedly; dimly; as, certain ideas are indistinctly comprehended.

     In  its sides it was bounded distinctly, but on its ends confusedly
     an indistinctly. Sir I. Newton.


   In`dis*tinct"ness,  n.  The  quality or condition of being indistinct;
   want  of definiteness; dimness; confusion; as, the indistinctness of a
   picture, or of comprehension; indistinctness of vision.


   In`dis*tin"guish*a*ble  (?),  a.  Not  distinguishable; not capable of
   being  perceived,  known,  or  discriminated as separate and distinct;
   hence,  not  capable  of being perceived or known; as, in the distance
   the flagship was indisguishable; the two copies were indisguishable in
   form or color; the difference between them was indisguishable.


   In`dis*tin"guish*a*bly,  adv.  In  a  indistinguishable manner. Sir W.


   In`dis*tin"guished  (?),  a.  Indistinct.  [R.]  "That indistinguished
   mass." Sir T. Browne.


   In`dis*tin"guish*ing  (?),  a. Making no difference; indiscriminative;
   impartial; as, indistinguishing liberalities. [Obs.] Johnson.


   In`dis*turb"ance  (?),  n. Freedom from disturbance; calmness; repose;
   apathy; indifference.


   In*ditch" (?), v. t. To bury in, or cast into, a ditch. Bp. Hall.


   In*dite"  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Indited; p. pr. & vb. n. Inditing.]
   [OE.  enditen  to  indite,  indict,  OF.  enditer  to  indicate, show,
   dictate, write, inform, and endicter to accuse; both fr. LL. indictare
   to  show,  to accuse, fr. L. indicere to proclaim, announce; pref. in-
   in  +  dicere  to  say. The word was influenced also by L. indicare to
   indicate,  and  by  dictare  to  dictate. See Diction, and cf. Indict,
   Indicate, Dictate.]

   1. To compose; to write; to be author of; to dictate; to prompt.

     My heart is inditing a good matter. Ps. xlv. 1.

     Could a common grief have indited such expressions? South.

     Hear how learned Greece her useful rules indites. Pope.

   2. To invite or ask. [Obs.]

     She will indite him so supper. Shak.

   3. To indict; to accuse; to censure. [Obs.] Spenser.


   In*dite", v. i. To compose; to write, as a poem.

     Wounded I sing, tormented I indite. Herbert.


   In*dite"ment (?), n. [Cf. Indictment.] The act of inditing. Craig.


   In*dit"er (?), n. One who indites. Smart.


   In"di*um  (?),  n.  [NL. See Indigo.] (Chem.) A rare metallic element,
   discovered  in  certain  ores  of zinc, by means of its characteristic
   spectrum  of  two indigo blue lines; hence, its name. In appearance it
   resembles  zinc,  being white or lead gray, soft, malleable and easily
   fusible,  but  in  its  chemical  relation  it  resembles aluminium or
   gallium. Symbol In. Atomic weight, 113.4.

   Page 754


   In`di*vert"i*ble  (?),  a.  Not  to  be diverted or turned aside. [R.]


   In`di*vid"a*ble (?), a. Indivisible. [R.] Shak.


   In`di*vid"ed, a. Undivided. [R.] Bp. Patrick.


   In`di*vid"u*al  (?; 135), a. [L. individuus indivisible; pref. in- not
   +  dividuus  divisible, fr. dividere to divide: cf. F. individuel. See

   1.  Not  divided,  or  not  to  be divided; existing as one entity, or
   distinct  being or object; single; one; as, an individual man, animal,
   or city.

     Mind  has  a  being  of  its  own,  distinct from that of all other
     things, and is pure, unmingled, individual substance. A. Tucker.

     United as one individual soul. Milton.

   2.  Of or pertaining to one only; peculiar to, or characteristic of, a
   single   person  or  thing;  distinctive;  as,  individual  traits  of
   character; individual exertions; individual peculiarities.


   In`di*vid"u*al, n.

   1.  A  single  person,  animal, or thing of any kind; a thing or being
   incapable  of  separation  or  division,  without losing its identity;
   especially, a human being; a person. Cowper.

     An object which is in the strict and primary sense one, and can not
     be logically divided, is called an individual. Whately.

     That individuals die, his will ordains. Dryden.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) (a) An independent, or partially independent, zooid of a
   compound animal. (b) The product of a single egg, whether it remains a
   single animal or becomes compound by budding or fission.


   In`di*vid"u*al*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. individualisme.]

   1. The quality of being individual; individuality; personality.

   2.  An  excessive  or  exclusive  regard  to  one's personal interest;
   self-interest; selfishness.

     The  selfishness  of the small proprietor has been described by the
     best writers as individualism. Ed. Rev.


   In`di*vid`u*al*is"tic  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to the individual or
   individualism. London Athen\'91um.


   In`di*vid`u*al"i*ty   (?),   n.;  pl.  Individualities  (#).  [Cf.  F.

   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  individual  or constituting an
   individual; separate or distinct existence; oneness; unity. Arbuthnot.

     They possess separate individualities. H. Spencer.

   2. The character or property appropriate or peculiar to an individual;
   that quality which distinguishes one person or thing from another; the
   sum  of  characteristic  traits;  distinctive  character;  as, he is a
   person of marked individuality.


   In`di*vid`u*al*i*za"tion  (?),  n. [Cf. F. individualization.] The act
   of individualizing; the state of being individualized; individuation.


   In`di*vid"u*al*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Individualized (?); p. pr.
   & vb. n. Individualizing (?).] [Cf. F. individualiser.] The mark as an
   individual,  or  to distinguish from others by peculiar properties; to
   invest with individuality.

     The  peculiarities which individualize and distinguish the humor of
     Addison. N. Drake.


   In`di*vid"u*al*i`zer (?), n. One who individualizes.


   In`di*vid"u*al*ly, adv.

   1.  In  an  individual manner or relation; as individuals; separately;
   each by itself. "Individually or collectively." Burke.

     How  should  that  subsist  solitarily  by  itself  which  hath  no
     substance,  but  individually  the very same whereby others subsist
     with it? Hooker.

   2. In an inseparable manner; inseparably; incommunicably; indivisibly;
   as, individuallyhe same.

     [Omniscience],  an  attribute  individually  proper to the Godhead.


   In`di*vid"u*ate (?), a. [See Individual.] Undivided. [Obs.]


   In`di*vid"u*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Individuated (p. pr. & vb. n.
   Individuating.] To distinguish from others from others of the species;
   to   endow   with   individuality;  to  divide  into  individuals;  to

     The  soul,  as  the  prime  individuating  principle,  and the said
     reserved  portion of matter as an essential and radical part of the
     individuation,  shall . . . make up and restore the same individual
     person. South.

     Life  is  individuated  into  infinite  numbers,  that  have  their
     distinct sense and pleasure. Dr. H. More.


   In`di*vid`u*a"tion   (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  individuation.]  The  act  of
   individuating  or  state  of being individuated; individualization. H.


   In`di*vid"u*a`tor (?), n. One who, or that which, individuates. Sir K.


   In`di*vi*du"i*ty   (?),  n.  [L.  individuitas.]  Separate  existence;
   individuality; oneness. Fuller.


   In`di*vin"i*ty   (?),   n.   [Pref.   in-   not  +  divinity:  cf.  F.
   indivinit\'82.] Want or absence of divine power or of divinity. [Obs.]
   Sir T. Browne.


   In`di*vis`i*bil"i*ty  (?), n. [Cf. F. indivisibilit\'82.] The state or
   property of being indivisible or inseparable; inseparability. Locke.


   In`di*vis"i*ble (?), a. [L. indivisibilis: cf. F. indivisible. See In-
   not, and Divisible.]

   1.  Not  divisible;  incapable of being divided, separated, or broken;
   not separable into parts. "One indivisible point of time." Dryden.

   2.  (Math.) Not capable of exact division, as one quantity by another;


   In`di*vis"i*ble, n.

   1. That which is indivisible.

     By  atom,  nobody  will  imagine  we  intend  to  express a perfect
     indivisible, but only the least sort of natural bodies. Digby.

   2.  (Geom.)  An infinitely small quantity which is assumed to admit of
   no further division.
   Method  of indivisibles, a kind of calculus, formerly in use, in which
   lines  were  considered  as  made  up of an infinite number of points;
   surfaces,  as  made up of an infinite number of lines; and volumes, as
   made up of an infinite number of surfaces.


   In`di*vis"i*ble*ness   (?),   n.   The  state  of  being  indivisible;
   indivisibility. W. Montagu.


   In`di*vis"i*bly, adv. In an indivisible manner.


   In`di*vi"sion  (?),  n.  [Pref. in- not + division: cf. F. indivision,
   LL.  indivisio.]  A  state  of  being not divided; oneness. [Obs.] Bp.


   In"do-  (?).  [From  L. Indus East Indian.] A prefix signifying Indian
   (i. e., East Indian); of or pertaining of India.


   In`do*an"i*line  (?),  n.  [Indigo  +  aniline.]  (Chem.) Any one of a
   series  of  artificial blue dyes, in appearance resembling indigo, for
   which they are often used as substitutes.


   In`do*Brit"on  (?),  n.  [Indo-  + Briton.] A person born in India, of
   mixed Indian and British blood; a half-caste. Malcom.


   In`do-Chi*nese"  (?),  a.  [Indo-  +  Chinese.]  Of  or  pertaining to
   Indo-China (i. e., Farther India, or India beyond the Ganges).


   In*doc`i*bil"i*ty (?), n. The state of being indocible; indocibleness;


   In*doc"i*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  indocibilis.  See  In- not, and Docible.]
   Incapable   of  being  taught,  or  not  easily  instructed;  dull  in
   intellect;   intractable;   unteachable;   indocile.   Bp.   Hall.  --
   In*doc"i*ble*ness, n.


   In*doc"ile  (?),  a.  [L. indocilis: cf. F. indocile. See In- not, and
   Docile.]   Not   teachable;  indisposed  to  be  taught,  trained,  or
   disciplined; not easily instructed or governed; dull; intractable.


   In`do*cil"i*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  indocilitas: cf. F. indocilit\'82.] The
   quality   or   state   of   being  indocile;  dullness  of  intellect;
   unteachableness; intractableness.

     The stiffness and indocility of the Pharisees. W. Montagu.


   In*doc"tri*nate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Indoctrinated (?); p. pr. &
   vb.  n.  Indoctrinating.] [Pref. in- in + L. doctrina doctrine: cf. F.
   endoctriner.]  To instruct in the rudiments or principles of learning,
   or of a branch of learning; to imbue with learning; to instruct in, or
   imbue  with,  principles  or doctrines; to teach; -- often followed by

     A  master that . . . took much delight in indoctrinating his young,
     unexperienced favorite. Clarendon.


   In*doc`tri*na"tion (?), n. The act of indoctrinating, or the condition
   of being indoctrinated; instruction in the rudiments and principles of
   any science or system of belief; information. Sir T. Browne.


   In`do-Eng"lish  (?),  a.  [Indo-  +  English.]  Of  or relating to the
   English who are born or reside in India; Anglo-Indian.


   In`do-Eu`ro*pe"an  (?), a. Aryan; -- applied to the languages of India
   and  Europe  which  are  derived  from the prehistoric Aryan language;
   also,  pertaining  to the people or nations who speak these languages;
   as, the Indo-European or Aryan family.

     The common origin of the Indo-European nations. Tylor.


   In"do*gen  (?),  n.  [Indigo  +  -gen.] (Chem.) A complex, nitrogenous
   radical, C8H5NO, regarded as the essential nucleus of indigo.


   In"do*gen*ide  (?),  n. (Chem.) Any one of the derivatives of indogen,
   which contain that group as a nucleus.


   In`do-Ger*man"ic (?), a. [Indo- + Germanic.]

   1. Same as Aryan, and Indo-European.

   2.  Pertaining  to  or  denoting  the  Teutonic family of languages as
   related to the Sanskrit, or derived from the ancient Aryan language.


   In"do*in  (?), n. (Chem.) A substance resembling indigo blue, obtained
   artificially from certain isatogen compounds.


   In"dol  (?),  n.  [Indigo  + -ol of phenol.] (Physiol. Chem.) A white,
   crystalline  substance,  C8H7N,  obtained from blue indigo, and almost
   all  indigo  derivatives, by a process of reduction. It is also formed
   from  albuminous matter, together with skatol, by putrefaction, and by
   fusion with caustic potash, and is present in human excrement, as well
   as in the intestinal canal of some herbivora.


   In"do*lence   (?),  n.  [L.  indolentia  freedom  from  pain:  cf.  F.

   1.  Freedom  from that which pains, or harasses, as toil, care, grief,
   etc. [Obs.]

     I have ease, if it may not rather be called indolence. Bp. Hough.

   2.  The  quality  or condition of being indolent; inaction, or want of
   exertion  of body or mind, proceeding from love of ease or aversion to
   toil;  habitual  idleness;  indisposition  to  labor; laziness; sloth;

     Life spent in indolence, and therefore sad. Cowper.

     As there is a great truth wrapped up in "diligence," what a lie, on
     the  other  hand,  lurks at the root of our present use of the word
     "indolence"!  This  is  from  "in"  and "doleo," not to grieve; and
     indolence  is  thus  a  state in which we have no grief or pain; so
     that the word, as we now employ it, seems to affirm that indulgence
     in sloth and ease is that which would constitute for us the absence
     of all pain. Trench.


   In"do*len*cy (?), n. Indolence. [Obs.] Holland.


   In"do*lent  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  + L. dolens, -entis, p. pr. of
   dolere to feel pain: cf. F. indolent. See Dolorous.]

   1. Free from toil, pain, or trouble. [Obs.]

   2.  Indulging  in  ease; avoiding labor and exertion; habitually idle;
   lazy; inactive; as, an indolent man.

     To waste long nights in indolent repose. Pope.

   3.  (Med.)  Causing  little  or  no pain or annoyance; as, an indolent
   tumor.  Syn.  --  Idle;  lazy; slothful; sluggish; listless; inactive;
   inert. See Idle.


   In"do*lent*ly, adv. In an indolent manner.

     Calm and serene you indolently sit. Addison.


   In"do*les  (?),  n. [L. Cf. Adolescence.] Natural disposition; natural
   quality or abilities.


   In"do*lin  (?),  n.  [See  Indol.]  (Chem.) A dark resinous substance,
   polymeric with indol, and obtained by the reduction of indigo white.


   In*dom"a*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  indomabilis;  pref.  in-  not + domabilis
   tamable.] Indomitable. [Obs.]


   In*dom"i*ta*ble  (?),  a. [L. indomitabilis; pref. in- not + domitare,
   intens.  fr.  domare to tame. See Tame.] Not to be subdued; untamable;
   invincible; as, an indomitable will, courage, animal.


   In*dom"ite  (?),  a. [L. indomitus.] Not tamed; untamed; savage; wild.
   [Obs.] J. Salkeld.


   In*domp"ta*ble   (?),   a.   [F.   indomptable,   L.   indomitabilis.]
   Indomitable. [Obs.] Tooke.


   In"door`  (?),  a.  Done  or  being  within  doors;  within a house or
   institution; domestic; as, indoor work.


   In"doors` (?), adv. Within the house; -- usually separated, in doors.


   In`do*phe"nol  (?),  n. [Indigo + phenol.] (Chem.) Any one of a series
   of  artificial  blue  dyestuffs,  resembling indigo in appearance, and
   obtained by the action of phenol on certain nitrogenous derivatives of
   quinone. Simple indophenol proper has not yet been isolated.


   In*dors"a*ble   (?),  a.  Capable  of  being  indorsed;  transferable;


   In`dor*sa"tion (?), n. Indorsement. [Obs.]


   In*dorse"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Indorsed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Indorsing.] [LL. indorsare. See Endorse.] [Written also endorse.]

   1. To cover the back of; to load or burden. [Obs.]

     Elephants indorsed with towers. Milton.

   2.  To  write  upon  the  back  or  outside of a paper or letter, as a
   direction, heading, memorandum, or address.

   3.  (Law  & Com.) To write one's name, alone or with other words, upon
   the  back  of  (a  paper),  for  the purpose of transferring it, or to
   secure the payment of a

   4.  To give one's name or support to; to sanction; to aid by approval;
   to approve; as, to indorse an opinion.
   To  indorse  in  blank,  to  write one's name on the back of a note or
   bill, leaving a blank to be filled by the holder.


   In*dorsed" (?), a. (Her.) See Addorsed.


   In`dor*see"  (?), n. The person to whom a note or bill is indorsed, or
   assigned by indorsement.


   In*dorse"ment  (?),  n. [From Indorse; cf. Endorsement.] [Written also

   1.  The  act  of writing on the back of a note, bill, or other written

   2.  That which is written on the back of a note, bill, or other paper,
   as a name, an order for, or a receipt of, payment, or the return of an
   officer,  etc.; a writing, usually upon the back, but sometimes on the
   face,  of  a  negotiable  instrument, by which the property therein is
   assigned and transferred. Story. Byles. Burrill.

   3.  Sanction, support, or approval; as, the indorsement of a rumor, an
   opinion, a course, conduct.
   Blank indorsement. See under Blank.

                              Indorser, Indorsor

   In*dors"er  (?),  In*dors"or (?), n. The person who indorses. [Written
   also endorser.]


   In*dow" (?), v. t. See Endow.


   In*dow"ment (?), n. See Endowment.


   In*dox"yl   (?),   n.  [Indigo  +  hydroxyl.]  (Chem.)  A  nitrogenous
   substance, C8H7NO, isomeric with oxindol, obtained as an oily liquid.


   In`dox*yl"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.)  Of  or  pertaining  to, or producing,
   indoxyl; as, indoxylic acid.


   In"draught` (?), n.

   1.  An  opening  from  the  sea into the land; an inlet. [Obs.] Sir W.

   2. A draught of air or flow of water setting inward.


   In"drawn` (?), a. Drawn in.


   In*drench"  (?),  v.  t. To overwhelm with water; to drench; to drown.
   [Obs.] Shak.

                                 Indris, Indri

   In"dris  (?),  In"dri  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) Any lemurine animal of the
   genus Indris.

     NOTE: &hand; Se veral sp ecies ar e kn own, al l of them natives of
     Madagascar,  as  the  diadem indris (I. diadema), which has a white
     ruff  around  the forehead; the woolly indris (I. laniger); and the
     short-tailed  or  black  indris (I. brevicaudatus), which is black,
     varied with gray.


   In*du"bi*ous (?), a. [L. indubius. See In- not, and Dubious.]

   1. Not dubious or doubtful; certain.

   2. Not doubting; unsuspecting. "Indubious confidence." Harvey.


   In*du"bi*ta*ble (?), a. [L. indubitabilis: cf. F. indubitable. See In-
   not,  and  Dubitable.] Not dubitable or doubtful; too evident to admit
   of   doubt;   unquestionable;  evident;  apparently  certain;  as,  an
   indubitable  conclusion.  --  n.  That  which  is indubitable. Syn. --
   Unquestionable;  evident; incontrovertible; incontestable; undeniable;


   In*du"bi*ta*ble*ness, n. The state or quality of being indubitable.


   In*du"bi*ta*bly,  adv.  Undoubtedly;  unquestionably;  in  a manner to
   remove all doubt.

     Oracles indubitably clear and infallibly certain. Barrow.


   In*du"bi*tate  (?),  a. [L. indubitatus; pref. in- not + dubitatus, p.
   p.  of  dubitare  to  doubt.]  Not  questioned  or  doubtful; evident;
   certain. [Obs.] Bacon.


   In*du"bi*tate  (?),  v. t. [L. indubitatus, p. p. of indubitare; pref.
   in-  in  +  dubitare  to  doubt.]  To bring into doubt; to cause to be
   doubted. [Obs.]

     To conceal, or indubitate, his exigency. Sir T. Browne.


   In*duce"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Induced (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inducing  (?).] [L. inducere, inductum; pref. in- in + ducere to lead.
   See Duke, and cf. Induct.]

   1. To lead in; to introduce. [Obs.]

     The  poet  may  be seen inducing his personages in the first Iliad.

   Page 755

   2. To draw on; to overspread. [A Latinism] Cowper.

   3.  To  lead  on;  to  influence; to prevail on; to incite; to move by
   persuasion or influence. Shak.

     He  is  not  obliged by your offer to do it, . . . though he may be
     induced, persuaded, prevailed upon, tempted. Paley.

     Let not the covetous desire of growing rich induce you to ruin your
     reputation. Dryden.

   4. To bring on; to effect; to cause; as, a fever induced by fatigue or

     Sour things induces a contraction in the nerves. Bacon.

   5.  (Physics)  To  produce,  or cause, by proximity without contact or
   transmission,  as  a  particular  electric  or magnetic condition in a
   body,  by  the  approach  of  another  body in an opposite electric or
   magnetic state.

   6.  (Logic)  To  generalize  or  conclude as an inference from all the
   particulars;  --  the  opposite of deduce. Syn. -- To move; instigate;
   urge; impel; incite; press; influence; actuate.


   In*duce"ment (?), n. [From Induce.]

   1. The act of inducing, or the state of being induced.

   2.  That  which  induces;  a motive or consideration that leads one to
   action  or  induces  one  to act; as, reward is an inducement to toil.
   "Mark the inducement." Shak.

   3.  (Law) Matter stated by way of explanatory preamble or introduction
   to  the  main allegations of a pleading; a leading to. Syn. -- Motive;
   reason; influence. See Motive.


   In*du"cer (?), n. One who, or that which, induces or incites.


   In*du"ci*ble (?), a.

   1. Capable of being induced, caused, or made to take place.

   2. Obtainable by induction; derivable; inferable.


   In*duct"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inducted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Inducting.] [L. inductus, p. p. of inducere. See Induce.]

   1. To bring in; to introduce; to usher in.

     The  independent  orator inducting himself without further ceremony
     into the pulpit. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  To  introduce,  as  to  a  benefice  or  office;  to put in actual
   possession  of  the temporal rights of an ecclesiastical living, or of
   any other office, with the customary forms and ceremonies.

     The  prior,  when  inducted  into that dignity, took an oath not to
     alienate any of their lands. Bp. Burnet.


   In*duc"te*ous  (?), a. (Elec.) Rendered electro-polar by induction, or
   brought  into  the  opposite  electrical  state  by  the  influence of
   inductive bodies.


   In*duc"tile  (?),  a. [Pref. in- not + ductile: cf. F. inductile.] Not
   ductile; incapable of being drawn into threads, as a metal; inelastic;


   In`duc*til"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being inductile.


   In*duc"tion (?), n. [L. inductio: cf. F. induction. See Induct.]

   1.  The  act  or  process  of  inducting or bringing in; introduction;
   entrance; beginning; commencement.

     I  know  not  you;  nor am I well pleased to make this time, as the
     affair now stands, the induction of your acquaintance. Beau. & Fl.

     These  promises  are fair, the parties sure, And our induction dull
     of prosperous hope. Shak.

   2.  An  introduction or introductory scene, as to a play; a preface; a
   prologue. [Obs.]

     This is but an induction: I will dMassinger.

   3.  (Philos.)  The act or process of reasoning from a part to a whole,
   from particulars to generals, or from the individual to the universal;
   also, the result or inference so reached.

     Induction  is  an  inference drawn from all the particulars. Sir W.

     Induction  is the process by which we conclude that what is true of
     certain individuals of a class, is true of the whole class, or that
     what is true at certain times will be true in similar circumstances
     at all times. J. S. Mill.

   4.  The introduction of a clergyman into a benefice, or of an official
   into  a office, with appropriate acts or ceremonies; the giving actual
   possession of an ecclesiastical living or its temporalities.

   5.  (Math.)  A  process  of  demonstration in which a general truth is
   gathered  from  an  examination  of  particular cases, one of which is
   known to be true, the examination being so conducted that each case is
   made  to  depend  on  the  preceding  one;  --  called also successive

   6.  (Physics)  The  property  by  which one body, having electrical or
   magnetic polarity, causes or induces it in another body without direct
   contact;  an impress of electrical or magnetic force or condition from
   one body on another without actual contact.
   Electro-dynamic   induction,   the  action  by  which  a  variable  or
   interrupted  current  of  electricity  excites  another  current  in a
   neighboring  conductor  forming  a closed circuit. -- Electro-magnetic
   induction,  the  influence  by  which  an  electric  current  produces
   magnetic polarity in certain bodies near or around which it passes. --
   Electro-static  induction,  the  action  by  which a body possessing a
   charge   of   statical  electricity  develops  a  charge  of  statical
   electricity  of  the  opposite  character  in  a  neighboring body. --
   Induction  coil,  an  apparatus  producing  induced  currents of great
   intensity.  It  consists  of a coil or helix of stout insulated copper
   wire, surrounded by another coil of very fine insulated wire, in which
   a  momentary  current  is  induced,  when a current (as from a voltaic
   battery),  passing through the inner coil, is made, broken, or varied.
   The  inner coil has within it a core of soft iron, and is connected at
   its  terminals  with  a  condenser;  --  called  also inductorium, and
   Ruhmkorff's   coil.  --  Induction  pipe,  port,  OR  valve,  a  pipe,
   passageway,  or valve, for leading or admitting a fluid to a receiver,
   as  steam  to  an  engine  cylinder,  or  water to a pump. -- Magnetic
   induction,  the  action  by  which magnetic polarity is developed in a
   body  susceptible to magnetic effects when brought under the influence
   of  a  magnet. -- Magneto-electric induction, the influence by which a
   magnet   excites   electric   currents  in  closed  circuits.  Logical
   induction, (Philos.), an act or method of reasoning from all the parts
   separately  to the whole which they constitute, or into which they may
   be  united  collectively;  the  operation  of  discovering and proving
   general   propositions;   the   scientific  method.  --  Philosophical
   induction,  the inference, or the act of inferring, that what has been
   observed  or established in respect to a part, individual, or species,
   may, on the ground of analogy, be affirmed or received of the whole to
   which  it  belongs.  This  last  is  the inductive method of Bacon. It
   ascends  from  the  parts  to  the  whole, and forms, from the general
   analogy  of  nature,  or special presumptions in the case, conclusions
   which  have  greater  or  less  degrees  of  force,  and  which may be
   strengthened  or  weakened by subsequent experience and experiment. It
   relates  to  actual existences, as in physical science or the concerns
   of  life.  Logical  induction  is  founded  on  the  necessary laws of
   thought;   philosophical  induction,  on  the  interpretation  of  the
   indications  or  analogy  of  nature.<--  "scientific  method"  is now
   considered  as  the  latter,  rather  than  the  former!  -->  Syn. --
   Deduction.   --  Induction,  Deduction.  In  induction  we  observe  a
   sufficient  number of individual facts, and, on the ground of analogy,
   extend what is true of them to others of the same class, thus arriving
   at  general  principles  or  laws.  This  is  the kind of reasoning in
   physical science. In deduction we begin with a general truth, which is
   already  proven  or provisionally assumed, and seek to connect it with
   some  particular  case by means of a middle term, or class of objects,
   known  to  be  equally  connected  with  both. Thus, we bring down the
   general  into  the particular, affirming of the latter the distinctive
   qualities  of the former. This is the syllogistic method. By induction
   Franklin  established  the  identity  of lightning and electricity; by
   deduction  he  inferred that dwellings might be protected by lightning
   In*duc"tion*al  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to, or proceeding by, induction;
   In*duct"ive (?), a. [LL. inductivus: cf. F. inductif. See Induce.]
   1.  Leading  or  drawing; persuasive; tempting; -- usually followed by
     A brutish vice, Inductive mainly to the sin of Eve. Milton.
   2. Tending to induce or cause. [R.]
     They may be . . . inductive of credibility. Sir M. Hale.

   3.  Leading  to  inferences;  proceeding  by,  derived from, or using,
   induction; as, inductive reasoning.

   4.  (Physics)  (a) Operating by induction; as, an inductive electrical
   machine.  (b)  Facilitating induction; susceptible of being acted upon
   by induction; as certain substances have a great inductive capacity.
   Inductive  embarrassment (Physics), the retardation in signaling on an
   electric  wire, produced by lateral induction. -- Inductive philosophy
   OR  method. See Philosophical induction, under Induction. -- Inductive
   sciences,  those  sciences  which  admit of, and employ, the inductive
   method, as astronomy, botany, chemistry, etc.


   In*duct"ive*ly, adv. By induction or inference.


   In`duc*tom"e*ter  (?),  n. [Induction + -meter.] (Elec.) An instrument
   for  measuring  or  ascertaining  the  degree  or  rate  of electrical


   In*duct"or (?), n. [L., one who stirs up or rouses. See Induce.]

   1. The person who inducts another into an office or benefice.

   2.  (Elec.)  That  portion of an electrical apparatus, in which is the
   inducing charge or current.


   In`duc*to"ri*um  (?),  n.; pl. E. Inductoriums (#), L. Inductoria (#).
   [NL., fr. E. induction.] (Elec.) An induction coil.

                            Inductric, Inductrical

   In*duc"tric  (?),  In*duc"tric*al  (?),  a. (Elec.) Acting by, or in a
   state of, induction; relating to electrical induction.


   In*due" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Indued (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Induing.]
   [Written also endue.] [L. induere to put on, clothe, fr. OL. indu (fr.
   in-  in)  +  a root seen also in L. exuere to put off, divest, exuviae
   the skin of an animal, slough, induviae clothes. Cf. Endue to invest.]

   1. To put on, as clothes; to draw on.

     The baron had indued a pair of jack boots. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  To  clothe; to invest; hence, to endow; to furnish; to supply with
   moral or mental qualities.

     Indu'd with robes of various hue she flies. Dryden.

     Indued with intellectual sense and souls. Shak.


   In*due"ment  (?), n. [From Indue; cf. Indument, Enduement.] The act of
   induing, or state of being indued; investment; endowment. W. Montagu.


   In*dulge"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Indulged (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Indulging  (?).]  [L.  indulgere to be kind or tender to one; cf. OIr.
   dilgud,  equiv.  to L. remissio, OIr. dligeth, equiv. to L. lex, Goth.
   dulgs debt.]

   1. To be complacent toward; to give way to; not to oppose or restrain;
   (a)  when  said  of  a habit, desire, etc.: to give free course to; to
   give  one's  self  up to; as, to indulge sloth, pride, selfishness, or
   inclinations; (b) when said of a person: to yield to the desire of; to
   gratify  by  compliance;  to humor; to withhold restraint from; as, to
   indulge  children  in  their caprices or willfulness; to indulge one's
   self with a rest or in pleasure.

     Hope  in  another  life  implies  that  we indulge ourselves in the
     gratifications of this very sparingly. Atterbury.

   2.  To  grant  as  by favor; to bestow in concession, or in compliance
   with a wish or request.

     Persuading  us  that  something must be indulged to public manners.
     Jer. Taylor.

     Yet,  yet  a moment, one dim ray of light Indulge, dread Chaos, and
     eternal Night! Pope.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  re marked by  Jo hnson, th at if the matter of
     indulgence  is  a  single  thing, it has with before it; if it is a
     habit, it has in; as, he indulged himself with a glass of wine or a
     new  book;  he  indulges  himself  in idleness or intemperance. See


   In*dulge",  v.  i.  To  indulge one's self; to gratify one's tastes or
   desires;  esp., to give one's self up (to); to practice a forbidden or
   questionable  act  without restraint; -- followed by in, but formerly,
   also, by to. "Willing to indulge in easy vices." Johnson.


   In*dulge"ment (?), n. Indulgence. [R.] Wood.


   In*dul"gence (?), n. [L. indulgentia: cf. F. indulgence.]

   1.  The  act of indulging or humoring; the quality of being indulgent;
   forbearance of restrain or control.

     If  I were a judge, that word indulgence should never issue from my
     lips. Tooke.

     They err, that through indulgence to others, or fondness to any sin
     in themselves, substitute for repentance anything less. Hammond.

   2. An indulgent act; favor granted; gratification.

     If  all these gracious indulgences are without any effect on us, we
     must perish in our own folly. Rogers.

   3. (R. C. Ch.) Remission of the temporal punishment due to sins, after
   the  guilt  of sin has been remitted by sincere repentance; absolution
   from  the  censures and public penances of the church. It is a payment
   of  the  debt  of  justice  to God by the application of the merits of
   Christ  and  his saints to the contrite soul through the church. It is
   therefore  believed  to diminish or destroy for sins the punishment of


   In*dul"gence (?), v. t. To grant an indulgence to.


   In*dul"gen*cy (?), n. Indulgence. Dryden.


   In*dul"gent (?), a. [L. indulgens, -entis, p. pr. of indulgere: cf. F.
   indulgent.  See  Indulge.]  Prone  to indulge; yielding to the wishes,
   humor, or appetites of those under one's care; compliant; not opposing
   or   restraining;  tolerant;  mild;  favorable;  not  severe;  as,  an
   indulgent parent. Shak.

     The indulgent censure of posterity. Waller.

     The feeble old, indulgent of their ease. Dryden.


   In`dul*gen"tial  (?),  a.  Relating  to  the  indulgences of the Roman
   Catholic Church. Brevint.


   In*dul"gent*ly  (?),  adv.  In an indulgent manner; mildly; favorably.


   In*dul"ger, n. One who indulges. W. Montagu.


   In*dul"gi*ate (?), v. t. To indulge. [R.] Sandys.


   In"du*line  (?), n. [Perh. fr. indigo.] (Chem.) (a) Any one of a large
   series  of  aniline  dyes,  colored blue or violet, and represented by
   aniline  violet.  (b) A dark green amorphous dyestuff, produced by the
   oxidation  of  aniline in the presence of copper or vanadium salts; --
   called also aniline black.

                                Indult, Indulto

   In*dult"  (?),  In*dul"to  (?), n. [L. indultum indulgence, favor, fr.
   indultus,  p.  p.  of  indulgere:  cf.  It.  indulto,  F.  indult. See

   1.  A privilege or exemption; an indulgence; a dispensation granted by
   the pope.

   2. (Spain) A duty levied on all importations.


   In"du*ment  (?),  n.  [L.  indumentum  a  covering. See Indue, and cf.
   Induement.] (Zo\'94l.) Plumage; feathers.


   In*du"pli*cate  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  (a)  Having  the edges bent abruptly
   toward  the  axis;  --  said  of  the parts of the calyx or corolla in
   \'91stivation.  (b)  Having  the edges rolled inward and then arranged
   about the axis without overlapping; -- said of leaves in vernation.


   In*du"pli*ca*tive  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  (a)  Having induplicate sepals or
   petals in \'91stivation. (b) Having induplicate leaves in vernation.


   In*dur"ance (?), n. [Obs.] See Endurance.


   In"du*rate  (?),  a.  [L.  induratus, p. p. of indurare to harden. See

   1. Hardened; not soft; indurated. Tyndale.

   2. Without sensibility; unfeeling; obdurate.


   In"du*rate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Indurated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Indurating (?).]

   1.  To  make  hard;  as, extreme heat indurates clay; some fossils are
   indurated by exposure to the air.

   2. To make unfeeling; to deprive of sensibility; to render obdurate.


   In"du*rate,  v.  i.  To grow hard; to harden, or become hard; as, clay
   indurates by drying, and by heat.


   In"du*ra`ted (?), a. Hardened; as, indurated clay; an indurated heart.


   In`du*ra"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. induration, L. induratio hardness of

   1. The act of hardening, or the process of growing hard.

   2. State of being indurated, or of having become hard.

   3.   Hardness  of  character,  manner,  sensibility,  etc.;  obduracy;
   stiffness; want of pliancy or feeling.

     A  certain  induration  of character had arisen from long habits of
     business. Coleridge.


   In*du"sial  (?),  a. [See Indusium.] Of, pertaining to, or containing,
   the  petrified  cases  of  the  larv\'91  of certain insects. Indusial
   limestone  (Geol.),  a  fresh-water limestone, largely composed of the
   agglomerated  cases  of  caddice  worms,  or larv\'91 of caddice flies
   (Phryganea).  It  is  found in Miocene strata of Auvergne, France, and
   some other localities.

                             Indusiate, Indusiated

   In*du"si*ate  (?),  In*du"si*a`ted  (?),  a.  (Bot.) Furnished with an


   In*du"si*um  (?), n.; pl. Indu (#). [L., an under garment, fr. induere
   to  put  on:  cf. F. indusie the covering of the seed spots of ferns.]
   (Bot.)  (a)  A collection of hairs united so as to form a sort of cup,
   and  inclosing  the  stigma of a flower. (b) The immediate covering of
   the  fruit  dots  or  sori  in  many  ferns, usually a very thin scale
   attached  by  the middle or side to a veinlet. (c) A peculiar covering
   found in certain fungi.


   In*dus"tri*al  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  industriel,  LL.  industrialis. See
   Industry.] Consisting in industry; pertaining to industry, or the arts
   and   products  of  industry;  concerning  those  employed  in  labor,
   especially in manual labor, and their wages, duties, and rights.

     The  great  ideas  of  industrial  development  and economic social
     amelioration. M. Arnold.

   Page 756

   Industrial  exhibition,  a public exhibition of the various industrial
   products  of a country, or of various countries. -- Industrial school,
   a school for teaching one or more branches of industry; also, a school
   for  educating  neglected  children,  and  training  them to habits of


   In*dus"tri*al*ism (?), n.

   1. Devotion to industrial pursuits; labor; industry. J. S. Mill.

   2.  The  principles  or  policy  applicable  to industrial pursuits or
   organized labor.

     Industrialism must not confounded with industriousness. H. Spencer.


   In*dus"tri*al*ly, adv. With reference to industry.


   In*dus"tri*ous   (?),   a.   [L.   industrius,  industriosus:  cf.  F.
   industrieux. See Industry.]

   1.   Given   to  industry;  characterized  by  diligence;  constantly,
   regularly,  or  habitually  occupied; busy; assiduous; not slothful or
   idle; -- commonly implying devotion to lawful and useful labor.

     Frugal and industrious men are commonly friendly to the established
     government. Sir W. Temple.

   2.  Steadily  and perseveringly active in a particular pursuit or aim;
   as,  he  was  negligent  in  business, but industrious in pleasure; an
   industrious mischief maker.

     Industrious to seek out the truth of all things. Spenser.

   -- In*dus"tri*ous*ly, adv. -- In*dus"tri*ous*ness, n.


   In"dus*try  (?), n.; pl. Industries (#). [L. industria, cf. industrius
   diligent; of uncertain origin: cf. F. industrie.]

   1.  Habitual  diligence in any employment or pursuit, either bodily or
   mental;  steady  attention to business; assiduity; -- opposed to sloth
   and  idleness; as, industry pays debts, while idleness or despair will
   increase them.

     We  are  more  industrious  than  our  forefathers,  because in the
     present  times  the  funds destined for the maintenance of industry
     are  much  greater  in  proportion  to those which are likely to be
     employed  in  the  maintenance  of  idleness, than they were two or
     three centuries ago. A. Smith.

   2.   Any  department  or  branch  of  art,  occupation,  or  business;
   especially, one which employs much labor and capital and is a distinct
   branch of trade; as, the sugar industry; the iron industry; the cotton

   3. (Polit. Econ.) Human exertion of any kind employed for the creation
   of  value,  and  regarded  by  some as a species of capital or wealth;
   labor.   Syn.   --   Diligence;   assiduity;  perseverance;  activity;
   laboriousness; attention. See Diligence.


   In*du"tive  (?),  a.  [L.  indutus,  p.  p.  of induere to put on. See
   Indue.]  (Bot.)  Covered;  --  applied  to  seeds which have the usual
   integumentary covering.


   In*du"vi*\'91  (?),  n.  pl.  [L., clothes, fr. induere to put on. See
   Indue.] (Bot.) Persistent portions of a calyx or corolla; also, leaves
   which  do not disarticulate from the stem, and hence remain for a long


   In*du"vi*ate (?), a. (Bot.) Covered with induvi\'91, as the upper part
   of the trunk of a palm tree.


   In"dwell`  (?),  v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Indwelt (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Indwelling.] To dwell in; to abide within; to remain in possession.

     The  Holy Ghost became a dove, not as a symbol, but as a constantly
     indwelt form. Milman.


   In"dwell`er (?) n. An inhabitant. Spenser.


   In"dwell`ing, n. Residence within, as in the heart.

     The personal indwelling of the Spirit in believers. South.


   -ine (?; 104).

   1.  (Chem.)  A suffix, indicating that those substances of whose names
   it is a part are basic, and alkaloidal in their nature.

     NOTE: &hand; Al l or ganic ba ses, and basic substances (especially
     nitrogenous   substances),  are  systematically  written  with  the
     termination  -ine;  as,  quinine,  morphine,  guanidine,  etc.  All
     indifferent   and  neutral  substances,  as  proteids,  glycerides,
     glucosides, etc., should commonly be spelled with -in; as, gelatin,
     amygdalin,  etc.  This  rue  has  no  application to those numerous
     commercial   or  popular  names  with  the  termination  -ine;  as,
     gasoline, vaseline, etc.

   2.  (Organ.  Chem.)  A  suffix,  used  to indicate hydrocarbons of the
   second degree of unsaturation; i. e., members of the acetyline series;
   as, hexine, heptine, etc. <-- now "-yne" -->


   In*earth" (?), v. t. To inter. [R.] Southey.


   In*e"bri*ant   (?),  a.  [L.  inebrians,  p.  pr.  of  inebriare.  See
   Inebriate.] Intoxicating.


   In*e"bri*ant,  n.  Anything that intoxicates, as opium, alcohol, etc.;
   an intoxicant. Smart.


   In*e"bri*ate  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inebriated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inebriating  (?).]  [L. inebriatus, p. p. of inebriare; pref. in- in +
   ebriare to make drunk, fr. ebrius drunk. See Ebriety.]

   1. To make drunk; to intoxicate.

     The cups That cheer but not inebriate. Cowper.

   2.  Fig.:  To  disorder the senses of; to exhilarate or elate as if by
   spirituous drink; to deprive of sense and judgment; also, to stupefy.

     The inebriating effect of popular applause. Macaulay.


   In*e"bri*ate, v. i. To become drunk. [Obs.] Bacon.


   In*e"bri*ate  (?),  a.  [L.  inebriatus,  p.  p.]  Intoxicated; drunk;
   habitually given to drink; stupefied.

     Thus  spake  Peter,  as  a  man inebriate and made drunken with the
     sweetness of this vision, not knowing what he said. Udall.


   In*e"bri*ate,  n.  One  who is drunk or intoxicated; esp., an habitual
   drunkard; as, an asylum fro inebriates.

     Some inebriates have their paroxysms of inebriety. E. Darwin.


   In*e`bri*a"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  inebriatio.]  The  condition  of being
   inebriated;  intoxication;  figuratively,  deprivation  of  sense  and
   judgment by anything that exhilarates, as success. Sir T. Browne.

     Preserve him from the inebriation of prosperity. Macaulay.

   Syn. -- See Drunkenness.


   In`e*bri"e*ty   (?),   n.   [See   Inebriate,  Ebriety.]  Drunkenness;
   inebriation. E. Darwin.


   In*e"bri*ous  (?), a. Intoxicated, or partially so; intoxicating. [R.]
   T. Brown.


   In*ed"it*ed   (?),   a.  Not  edited;  unpublished;  as,  an  inedited
   manuscript. T. Warton.


   I`n\'82e"  (?),  n.  [F.]  An  arrow poison, made from an apocynaceous
   plant  (Strophanthus  hispidus)  of the Gaboon country; -- called also


   In*ef`fa*bil"i*ty  (?), n. [L. ineffabilitas: cf. F. ineffabilit\'82.]
   The    quality   or   state   of   being   ineffable;   ineffableness;


   In*ef"fa*ble  (?),  a. [L. ineffabilis: cf. F. ineffable. See In- not,
   and   Effable,   Fame.]   Incapable   of  being  expresses  in  words;
   unspeakable;  unutterable;  indescribable;  as,  the ineffable joys of

     Contentment   with   our   lot   .   .  .  will  diffuse  ineffable


   In*ef"fa*ble*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being ineffable or
   unutterable; unspeakableness.


   In*ef"fa*bly,  adv.  In  a  manner  not  to  be  expressed  in  words;
   unspeakably. Milton.


   In`ef*face"a*ble  (?), a. [Pref. in- not + effaceable: cf. F. ineffa.]
   Incapable of being effaced; indelible; ineradicable.


   In`ef*face"a*bly, adv. So as not to be effaceable.


   In`ef*fect"i*ble (?), a. Ineffectual; impracticable. [R.] Bp. Hall.


   In`ef*fect"ive (?), a. [Pref. in- not + effective: cf. F. ineffectif.]
   Not  effective;  ineffectual;  futile;  inefficient;  useless;  as, an
   ineffective appeal.

     The  word  of  God, without the spirit, [is] a dead and ineffective
     letter. Jer. Taylor.


   In`ef*fect"ive*ly,  adv.  In  an  ineffective  manner; without effect;
   inefficiently; ineffectually.


   In`ef*fect"ive*ness, n. Quality of being ineffective.


   In`ef*fec"tu*al  (?; 135), a. Not producing the proper effect; without
   effect;   inefficient;  weak;  useless;  futile;  unavailing;  as,  an
   ineffectual attempt; an ineffectual expedient. Pope.

     The  peony  root has been much commended, . . . and yet has been by
     many found ineffectual. Boyle.

   Syn.   --   Inefficient;   useless;  inefficacious;  vain;  fruitless;
   unavailing; futile. See Uselesss, Inefficacious.


   In`ef*fec`tu*al"i*ty (?), n. Ineffectualness. [R.]


   In`ef*fec"tu*al*ly, adv. Without effect; in vain.

     Hereford  .  .  .  had  been  besieged for abouineffectually by the
     Scots. Ludlow.


   In`ef*fec"tu*al*ness,  n.  Want  of effect, or of power to produce it;

     The ineffectualness of some men's devotion. Wake.


   In*ef`fer*ves"cence (?), n. Want of effervescence. Kirwan.


   In*ef`fer*ves"cent  (?),  a.  Not  effervescing, or not susceptible of
   effervescence; quiescent.


   In*ef`fer*ves`ci*bil"i*ty    (?),    n.    The    quality   of   being


   In*ef`fer*ves"ci*ble   (?),   a.   Not   capable   or  susceptible  of


   In*ef`fi*ca"cious  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  efficacious:  cf. F.
   inefficace,  L.  inefficax.]  Not  efficacious;  not  having  power to
   produce  the  effect  desired;  inadequate;  incompetent; inefficient;
   impotent. Boyle.

     The  authority  of  Parliament  must  become inefficacious . . . to
     restrain the growth of disorders. Burke.

     NOTE: &hand; In effectual, sa ys Jo hnson, rather denotes an actual
     failure,  and  inefficacious  and habitual impotence to any effect.
     But  the  distinction is not always observed, nor can it be; for we
     can not always know whether means are inefficacious till experiment
     has  proved  them ineffectual. Inefficacious is therefore sometimes
     synonymous with ineffectual.


   In*ef`fi*ca"cious*ly, adv. without efficacy or effect.


   In*ef`fi*ca"cious*ness,  n. Want of effect, or of power to produce the
   effect; inefficacy.


   In*ef"fi*ca*cy  (?),  n.  [L. inefficacia. See In- not, and Efficacy.]
   Want  of  power to produce the desired or proper effect; inefficiency;
   ineffectualness;   futility;   uselessness;   fruitlessness;  as,  the
   inefficacy of medicines or means.

     The seeming inefficacy of censures. Bp. Hall.

     The   inefficacy  was  soon  proved,  like  that  of  many  similar
     medicines. James Gregory.


   In`en*fi"cien*cy  (?),  n.  The  quality of being inefficient; want of
   power or energy sufficient; want of power or energy sufficient for the
   desired effect; inefficacy; incapacity; as, he was discharged from his
   position for inefficiency.


   In`en*fi"cient (?), a.

   1.  Not  efficient;  not  producing  the  effect  intended or desired;
   inefficacious; as, inefficient means or measures.

   2.  Incapable of, or indisposed to, effective action; habitually slack
   or  remiss;  effecting  little or nothing; as, inefficient workmen; an
   inefficient administrator.


   In`en*fi"cient*ly, adv. In an inefficient manner.


   In`e*lab"o*rate (?), a. [L. inelaboratus. See In- not, and Elaborate.]
   Not elaborate; not wrought with care; unpolished; crude; unfinished.


   In`e*las"tic (?), a. Not elastic.


   In`e*las*tic"i*ty (?), n. Want of elasticity.

                            Inelegance, Inelegancy

   In*el"e*gance  (?),  In*el"e*gan*cy  (?),  n.;  pl.  Inelegances  (#),
   Inelegancies (#). [L. inelegantia: cf. F. in\'82l\'82gance.]

   1.  The quality of being inelegant; want of elegance or grace; want of
   refinement, beauty, or polish in language, composition, or manners.

     The notorious inelegance of her figure. T. Hook.

   2.   Anything   inelegant;   as,   inelegance  of  style  in  literary


   In*el"e*gant  (?),  a.  [L. inelegans: cf. F. in\'82l\'82gant. See In-
   not,   and   Elegant.]  Not  elegant;  deficient  in  beauty,  polish,
   refinement,  grave,  or  ornament;  wanting  in anything which correct
   taste requires.

     What  order  so  contrived  as  not to mix Tastes, not well joined,
     inelegant. Milton.

     It  renders  style often obscure, always embarrassed and inelegant.


   In*el"e*gant*ly, adv. In an inelegant manner.


   In*el`i*gi*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. in\'82ligibilit\'82.] The state or
   quality of being ineligible.


   In*el"i*gi*ble   (?),   a.   [Pref.   in-   not  +  eligible:  cf.  F.
   in\'82ligible.] Not eligible; not qualified to be chos Burke.


   In*el"li*gi*bly (?), adv. In an ineligible manner.


   In*e"lo*quent  (?),  a.  [L. ineloquens: cf. F. in\'82loquent. See In-
   not,  and  Eloquent.] Not eloquent; not fluent, graceful, or pathetic;
   not persuasive; as, ineloquent language.

     Nor  are  thy  lips ungraceful, sire of men, Nor tongue ineloquent.


   In*e"lo*quent*ly, adv. Without eloquence.


   In`e*luc"ta*ble (?), a. [L. ineluctabilis; pref. in- not + eluctabilis
   to be surmounted, fr. eluctari to struggle out of, to surmount: cf. F.
   in\'82luctable.  See  Eluctate.]  Not  to  be  overcome by struggling;
   irresistible; inevitable. Bp. Pearson.

     The ineluctable conditions of matter. Hamerton.


   In`e*lud"i*ble   (?),   a.   Incapable  of  being  eluded  or  evaded;

     Most pressing reasons and ineludible demonstrations. Glanvill.


   In*em"bry*o*nate (?), a. (Biol.) Not embryonate.


   In`er*nar"ra*ble   (?),   a.   [L.  inenarrabilis;  pref.  in-  not  +
   enarrabilis  that  may  be  related;  fr.  enarrare  to relate: cf. F.
   in\'82narrable.   See   Enarration.]   Incapable  of  being  narrated;
   indescribable; ineffable. [Obs.] "Inenarrable goodness." Bp. Fisher.


   In*ept"  (?), a. [L. ineptus; prefix. in- not + aptus apt, fit: cf. F.
   inepte. Cf. Inapt.]

   1. Not apt or fit; unfit; unsuitable; improper; unbecoming.

     The Aristotelian philosophy is inept for new discoveries. Glanvill.

   2. Silly; useless; nonsensical; absurd; foolish.

     To  view  attention  as  a  special  act  of  intelligence,  and to
     distinguish  it  from  consciousness,  is  utterly  inept.  Sir  W.


   In*ept"i*tude (?), n. [L. ineptitudo.]

   1. The quality of being inept; unfitness; inaptitude; unsuitableness.

     That  ineptitude  for  society, which is frequently the fault of us
     scholars. Tatler.

   2. Absurdity; nonsense; foolishness.


   In*ept"ly, adv. Unfitly; unsuitably; awkwardly.

     None of them are made foolishly or ineptly. Dr. H. More.


   In*ept"ness, n. Unfitness; ineptitude.

     The feebleness and miserable ineptness of infancy. Dr. H. More.


   In*e"qua*ble (?), a. Unequable. [R.] Bailey.


   In*e"qual  (?),  a.  [L. inaequalis. See In- not, and Equal.] Unequal;
   uneven; various. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   In`e*qual"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Inequalities (#). [L. inaequalitas.]

   1.  The  quality of being unequal; difference, or want of equality, in
   any respect; lack of uniformity; disproportion; unevenness; disparity;
   diversity;  as,  an  inequality  in  size,  stature,  numbers,  power,
   distances, motions, rank, property, etc.

     There  is so great an inequality in the length of our legs and arms
     as makes it impossible for us to walk on all four. Ray.

     Notwithstanding  which  inequality  of number, it was resolved in a
     council of war to fight the Dutch fleet. Ludlow.

     Sympathy  is  rarely  strong  where  there is a great inequality of
     condition. Macaulay.

   2.  Unevenness; want of levelness; the alternate rising and falling of
   a  surface;  as, the inequalities of the surface of the earth, or of a
   marble slab, etc.

     The  country  is cut into so many hills and inequalities as renders
     it defensible. Addison.

   3.  Variableness;  changeableness;  inconstancy; lack of smoothness or
   equability; deviation; unsteadiness, as of the weather, feelings, etc.

     Inequality of air is ever an enemy to health. Bacon.

   4. Disproportion to any office or purpose; inadequacy; competency; as,
   the  inequality of terrestrial things to the wants of a rational soul.

   5. (Alg.) An expression consisting of two unequal quantities, with the
   sign of inequality (> or <) between them; as, the inequality 2 < 3, or
   4 > 1.

   6.  (Astron.)  An  irregularity,  or  a  deviation, in the motion of a
   planet  or  satellite from its uniform mean motion; the amount of such


   In`e*qua"tion (?), n. (Math.) An inequality.


   In*e`qui*dis"tant (?), a. Not equally distant; not equidistant.


   In*e`qui*lat"er*al (?), a.

   1. Having unequal sides; unsymmetrical; unequal-sided.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having  the two ends unequal, as in the clam, quahaug,
   and most lamellibranch shells.


   In*e`qui*lo"bate  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in- not + equi- + lobate.] (Biol.)
   Unequally lobed; cut into lobes of different shapes or sizes.


   In*eq"ui*ta*ble (?), a. Not equitable; not just. Burke.


   In*eq"ui*tate  (?),  v.  t.  [L. inequitatus, p. p. inequitare to ride
   over.  See 1st In-, and Equitant.] To ride over or through. [Obs.] Dr.
   H. More.


   In*eq"ui*ty  (?),  n.  Want of equity; injustice; wrong. "Some form of
   inequity." H. Spencer.

                          Inequivalve, Inequivalvular

   In*e"qui*valve  (?),  In*e`qui*val"vu*lar  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.) Having
   unequal valves, as the shell of an oyster.


   In`e*rad"i*ca*ble (?), a. Incapable of being

     The bad seed thus sown was ineradicable. Ld. Lytton.


   In`e*rad"i*ca*bly, adv. So as not to be eradicable.

                            Inergetic, Inergetical

   In`er*get"ic  (?), In`er*get"ic*al (?), a. [Pref. in- not + energetic,
   -ical.] Having no energy; sluggish. [R.] Boyle.


   In`er*get"ic*al*ly, adv. Without energy. [R.]

                                Inerm, Inermous

   In*erm" (?), In*er"mous (?), a. (Bot.) Same as Inermis.


   In*er"mis (?), a. [L. inermis, inermus; pref. in- not + arma arms: cf.
   F.  inerme.]  (Bot.)  Unarmed;  destitute  of prickles or thorns, as a
   leaf. Gray.


   In*er`ra*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   Freedom   or   exemption  from  error;
   infallibility. Eikon Basilike.


   In*er"ra*ble (?), a. [L. inerrabilis. See In- not, and Err.] Incapable
   of erring; infallible; unerring. "Inerabble and requisite conditions."
   Sir T. Browne. "Not an inerrable text." Gladstone.

   Page 757


   In*er"ra*ble*ness   (?),   n.   Exemption  from  error;  inerrability;
   infallibility. Hammond.


   In*er"ra*bly, adv. With security from error; infallibly; unerringly.


   In*er"ran*cy (?), n. Exemption from error.

     The absolute inerrancy odf the Bible. The Century.


   In`er*rat"ic  (?),  a.  Not  erratic  or  wandering;  fixed;  settled;


   In*err"ing*ly   (?),   adv.  Without  error,  mistake,  or  deviation;
   unerringly. Glanvill.


   In*ert"  (?),  a. [L. iners, inertis, unskilled, idle; pref. in- + ars
   art: cf. F. inerte. See Art.]

   1. Destitute of the power of moving itself, or of active resistance to
   motion; as, matter is inert.

   2.  Indisposed  to  move  or  act;  very  slow to act; sluggish; dull;
   inactive; indolent; lifeless.

     The inert and desponding party of the court. Macaulay.

     It  present  becomes  extravagant,  then  imbecile,  and  at length
     utterly inert. I. Taylor.

   3.  Not  having  or manifesting active properties; not affecting other
   substances  when  brought  in  contact  with  them;  powerless  for an
   expected  or desired effect.Syn. -- Inactive; dull; passive; indolent;
   sluggish;  slothful;  lazy;  lifeless;  irresolute; stupid; senseless;
   insensible.  --  Inert, Inactive, Sluggish. A man may be inactive from
   mere want of stimulus to effort; but one who is inert has something in
   his  constitution  or  his habits which operates like a weight holding
   him  back  from  exertion.  Sluggish  is still stronger, implying some
   defect  of  temperament  which  directly  impedes  action.  Inert  and
   inactive are negative, sluggish is positive.

     Even  the  favored  isles  .  . . Can boast but little virtue; and,
     inert  Through  plenty, lose in morals what they gain In manners --
     victims of luxurious ease. Cowper.

     Doomed to lose four months in inactive obscurity. Johnson.

     Sluggish  Idleness,  the nurse of sin, Upon a slothful ass he chose
     to ride. Spenser.


   In*er"ti*a (?), n. [L., idleness, fr. iners idle. See Inert.]

   1. (Physics) That property of matter by which it tends when at rest to
   remain  so,  and when in motion to continue in motion, and in the same
   straight line or direction, unless acted on by some external force; --
   sometimes called vis inerti\'91.

   2.  Inertness;  indisposition  to motion, exertion, or action; want of
   energy; sluggishness.

     Men . . . have immense irresolution and inertia. Carlyle.

   3.  (Med.)  Want  of activity; sluggishness; -- said especially of the
   uterus, when, in labor, its contractions have nearly or wholly ceased.
   Center of inertia. (Mech.) See under Center.


   In*er"tion  (?), n. Want of activity or exertion; inertness; quietude.

     These  vicissitudes of exertion and inertion of the arterial system
     constitute the paroxysms of remittent fever. E. Darwin.


   In*ert"i*tude (?), n. [See Inert.] Inertness; inertia. [R.] Good.


   In*ert"ly, adv. Without activity; sluggishly. Pope.


   In*ert"ness, n.

   1.  Want  of activity or exertion; habitual indisposition to action or
   motion; sluggishness; apathy; insensibility. Glanvill.

     Laziness and inertness of mind. Burke.

     2. Absence of the power of self-motion; inertia.


     In*er"u*dite (?), a. [L. ineruditus. See In- not, and Erudite.] Not
     erudite; unlearned; ignorant.


     In`es*cap"a*ble (?), a. Not escapable.


     In*es"cate  (?),  v.  t. [L. inescatus, p. p. of inescare; in- in +
     esca bait.] To allure; to lay a bait for. [Obs.]

     To inescate and beguile young women! Burton.


     In`es*ca"tion   (?),   n.  [L.  inescatio.]  The  act  of  baiting;
     allurement. [Obs.] Hallywell.


     In`es*cutch"eon  (?),  n.  (Her.) A small escutcheon borne within a

                                    In esse

     In`  es"se  (?). [L.] In being; actually existing; -- distinguished
     from  in  posse,  or in potentia, which denote that a thing is not,
     but may be.


     In`es*sen"tial   (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  essential:  cf.  F.

     1. Having no essence or being. H. Brooke.

     The womb of inessential Naught. Shelley.

     2. Not essential; unessential.


     In*es"ti*ma*ble (?), a. [L. inaestimabilis: cf. F. inestimable. See
     In-  not,  and Estimate.] Incapable of being estimated or computed;
     especially,  too  valuable  or  excellent  to  be measured or fully
     appreciated; above all price; as, inestimable rights or privileges.

     But above all, for thine inestimable love. Bk. of Com. Prayer.

     Science is too inestimable for expression by a money standard. Lyon

     Syn. -- Incalculable; invaluable; priceless.


     In*es"ti*ma*bly,   adv.   In  a  manner,  or  to  a  degree,  above
     estimation; as, things inestimably excellent.


     In`e*va"si*ble (?), a. Incapable of being


     In*ev"i*dence  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. in\'82vidence.] Want of evidence;
     obscurity. [Obs.] Barrow.


     In*ev"i*dent  (?), a. [Cf. F. in\'82vident.] Not evident; not clear
     or obvious; obscure.


     In*ev`i*ta*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   [Cf.   F.   in\'82vitabilit\'82.]
     Impossibility to be avoided or shunned; inevitableness. Shelford.


     In*ev"i*ta*ble  (?), a. [L. inevitabilis: cf. F. in\'82vitable. See
     In- not, and Evitable.]

     1.  Not evitable; incapable of being shunned; unavoidable; certain.
     "The inevitable hour." Gray.

     It  was  inevitable; it was necessary; it was planted in the nature
     of things. Burke.

     2. Irresistible. "Inevitable charms." Dryden.


     In*ev"i*ta*ble*ness   (?),  n.  The  state  of  being  unavoidable;
     certainty to happen. Prideaux.


     In*ev"i*ta*bly,  adv.  Without  possibility  of  escape or evasion;
     unavoidably; certainly.

     Inevitably thou shalt die. Milton.

     How inevitably does immoderate laughter end in a sigh! South.


     In`ex*act"  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in- not + exact: cf. F. inexact.] Not
     exact; not precisely correct or true; inaccurate.


     In`ex*act"i*tude (?), n. Inexactness; uncertainty; as, geographical


     In`ex*act"ly,  adv. In a manner not exact or precise; inaccurately.
     R. A. Proctor.


     In`ex*act"ness, n. Incorrectness; want of exactness.


     In`ex*cit`a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  of being inexcitable;
     insusceptibility to excitement.


     In`ex*cit"a*ble  (?), a. [L. inexcitabilis from which one cannot be
     aroused.  See  In- not, and Excite.] Not susceptible of excitement;
     dull; lifeless; torpid.


     In`ex*cus"a*ble  (?), a. [L. inexcusabilis: cf. F. inexcusable. See
     Excuse.]  Not excusable; not admitting excuse or justification; as,
     inexcusable folly.

     Therefore  thou  art  inexcusable,  O  man, whosoever thou art that
     judgest; for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself;
     for thou that judgest doest the same things. Rom. ii. 1.


     In`ex*cus"a*ble*ness, n. The quality of being inexcusable; enormity
     forgiveness. South.


     In`ex*cus"a*bly, adv. With a degree of guilt or folly beyond excuse
     or justification.

     Inexcusably obstinate and perverse. Jortin.


     In*ex"e*cra*ble (?), a. That can not be execrated enough. [R.]


     In*ex"e*cu`ta*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  + executable: cf. F.
     inex\'82cutable.]   Incapable   of  being  executed  or  performed;
     impracticable; infeasible.


     In*ex`e*cu"tion  (?),  n.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  execution:  cf.  F.
     inex\'82cution.]  Neglect  of  execution;  nonperformance;  as, the
     inexecution of a treaty. Spence.


     In`ex*er"tion  (?),  n. Want of exertion; want of effort; defect of
     action; indolence; laziness.


     In`ex*hal"a*ble  (?),  a. Incapable of being exhaled. [Obs.] Sir T.


     In`ex*haust"ed   (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  exhausted:  cf.  F.
     inexhaustus.]  Not  exhausted;  not  emptied; not spent; not having
     lost all strength or resources; unexhausted. Dryden.


     In`ex*haust"ed*ly, adv. Without exhaustion.


     In`ex*haust`i*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  state  or  quality  of being
     inexhaustible; abundance.


     In`ex*haust"i*ble (?), a. Incapable of being exhausted, emptied, or
     used  up;  unfailing;  not to be wasted or spent; as, inexhaustible
     stores  of  provisions;  an  inexhaustible  stock of elegant words.

     An inexhaustible store of anecdotes. Macaulay.

     -- In`ex*haust"i*ble*ness, n. -- In`ex*haust"i*bly, adv.


     In`ex*haust"ive (?), a. Inexhaustible. Thomson.


     In`ex*ist"  (?),  v. i. [Pref. in- in + exist.] To exist within; to
     dwell within. [Obs.]

     Substances inexisting within the divine mind. A. Tucker.


     In`ex*ist"ant  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  inexistant. See 1st Inexistent.]
     Inexistent; not existing. [Obs.] Gudworth.


     In`ex*ist"ence  (?),  n.  [Pref.  in-  in  + existence.] [Obs.] (a)
     Inherence;  subsistence.  Bp. Hall. (b) That which exists within; a
     constituent. A. Tucker.


     In`ex*ist"ence,  n. [Pref. in- in + existence: cf. F. inexistence.]
     Want of being or existence.


     In`ex*ist"ent (?), a. [Pref. in- in + existent: cf. F. inexistant.]
     Not having being; not existing.


     In`ex*ist"ent,  a.  [Pref.  in-  in  + existent.] Inherent; innate;
     indwelling. Boyle.


     In*ex`o*ra*bil"i*ty    (?),   n.   [L.   inexorabilitas:   cf.   F.
     inexorabilit\'82.]  The  quality of being inexorable, or unyielding
     to entreaty. Paley.


     In*ex"o*ra*ble (?), a. [L. inexorabilis: cf. F. inexorable. See In-
     not, and Exorable, Adore.] Not to be persuaded or moved by entreaty
     or  prayer; firm; determined; unyielding; unchangeable; inflexible;
     relentless;  as,  an  inexorable  prince  or  tyrant; an inexorable
     judge.  "Inexorable  equality of laws." Gibbon. "Death's inexorable
     doom." Dryden.

     You  are  more  inhuman,  more  inexorable,  O, ten times more than
     tigers of Hyrcania. Shak.


     In*ex"o*ra*ble*ness,  n.  The quality or state of being inexorable.


     In*ex"o*ra*bly,   adv.   In   an   inexorable  manner;  inflexibly.
     "Inexorably firm." Thomson.


     In`ex*pan"si*ble  (?),  a.  Incapable of expansion, enlargement, or
     extension. Tyndall.


     In`ex*pect"a*ble  (?), a. Not to be expected or anticipated. [Obs.]
     Bp. Hall.


     In"ex*pect"ant (?), a. Not expectant. C. Bront\'82.


     In*ex`pec*ta"tion (?), n. Absence of expectation. Feltham.


     In`ex*pect"ed   (?),   a.   [Pref.  in-  not  +  expected:  cf.  L.
     inexspectatus.] Unexpected. [Obs.]


     In`ex*pect"ed*ly, adv. Unexpectedly. [Obs.]


     In`ex*pect"ed*ness, n. Unexpectedness. [Obs.]

                          Inexpedience, Inexpediency

     In`ex*pe"di*ence  (?),  In`ex*pe"di*en*cy  (?),  n.  The quality or
     state  of being inexpedient; want of fitness; unsuitableness to the
     end or object; impropriety; as, the inexpedience of some measures.

     It  is  not  the  rigor  but  the  inexpediency of laws and acts of
     authority which makes them tyrannical. Paley.


     In`ex*pe"di*ent  (?),  a.  Not  expedient; not tending to promote a
     purpose;  not  tending  to  the  end  desired;  inadvisable; unfit;
     improper;  unsuitable  to  time and place; as, what is expedient at
     one time may be inexpedient at another.

     If  it was not unlawful, yet it was highly inexpedient to use those
     ceremonies. Bp. Burnet.

     Syn.  --  Unwise;  impolitic;  imprudent; indiscreet; unprofitable;
     inadvisable; disadvantageous.


     In`ex*pe"di*ent*ly (?), adv. Not


     In`ex*pen"sive (?), a. Not expensive; cheap.


     In`ex*pe"ri*ence (?), n. [L. inexperientia, cf. F. inexp\'82rience.
     See  In-  not, and Experience.] Absence or want of experience; lack
     of  personal  and  experimental  knowledge; as, the inexperience of

     Failings which are incident to youth and inexperience. Dryden.

     Prejudice  and self-sufficiency naturally proceed from inexperience
     of the world, and ignorance of mankind. Addison.


     In`ex*pe"ri*enced   (?),   a.   Not  having  experience  unskilled.
     "Inexperienced youth." Cowper.


     In`ex*pert"  (?), a. [L. inexpertus inexperienced: cf. F. inexpert.
     See In- not, and Expert.]

     1. Destitute of experience or of much experience. [Obs.] Milton.

     2.  Not  expert;  not  skilled; destitute of knowledge or dexterity
     derived from practice. Akenside.


     In`ex*pert"ness, n. Want of expertness or skill.


     In*ex"pi*a*ble (?), a. [L. inexpiabilis: cf. F. inexpiable. See In-
     not, and Expiable.]

     1.  Admitting  of  no expiation, atonement, or satisfaction; as, an
     inexpiable crime or offense. Pomfret.

     2.   Incapable   of   being   mollified  or  appeased;  relentless;
     implacable. [Archaic] "Inexpiable hate." Milton.

     They are at inexpiable war with all establishments. Burke.


     In*ex"pi*a*ble*ness, n. Quality of being inexpiable.


     In*ex"pi*a*bly, adv. In an inexpiable manner of degree; to a degree
     that admits of no atonement.


     In*ex"pi*ate (?), a. [L. inexpiatus. See In- not, and Expiate.] Not
     appeased or placated. [Obs.]

     To rest inexpiate were much too rude a part. Chapman.


     In`ex*plain"a*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not + explainable; cf. L.
     inexplanabilis.] Incapable of being explained; inexplicable.


     In*ex"ple*a*bly  (?),  adv.  [Cf.  L. inexplebilis; pref. in- not +
     explere to fill up. See Expletion.] Insatiably. [Obs.] Sandys.


     In*ex`pli*ca*bil"i*ty,  n. [Cf. F. inexplicabilit\'82.] The quality
     or state of being inexplicable. H. Spencer.


     In*ex"pli*ca*ble  (?),  a. [L. inexplicabilis: cf. F. inexplicable.
     See  In-  not,  and  Explicable.]  Not explicable; not explainable;
     incapable of being explained, interpreted, or accounted for; as, an
     inexplicable mystery. "An inexplicable scratching." Cowper.

     Their  reason  is disturbed; their views become vast and perplexed,
     to others inexplicable, to themselves uncertain. Burke.


     In*ex"pli*ca*ble*ness,   n.   A   state   of   being  inexplicable;


     In*ex"pli*ca*bly, adv. In an inexplicable manner.


     In`ex*plic"it (?), a. [L. inexplicitus: cf. F. inexplicite. See In-
     not,  and  Explicit.] Not explicit; not clearly stated; indefinite;


     In`ex*plor"a*ble (?), a. Incapable of being explored, searched out,
     or discovered. Sir G. Buck.


     In`ex*plo"sive (?), a. Not explosive.


     In`ex*po"sure (?; 135), n. A state of not being exposed.


     In`ex*press"i*ble (?), a. Not capable of expression or utterance in
     language;  ineffable;  unspeakable; indescribable; unutterable; as,
     inexpressible grief or pleasure. "Inexpressible grandeur." Blair.

     In orbs Of circuit inexpressible they stood. Milton.


     In`ex*press"i*bles  (?),  n.  pl.  Breeches;  trousers. [Colloq. or
     Slang]  <--  =  unmentionables;  underwear,  esp.  women's  --> Ld.


     In`ex*press"i*bly,  adv.  In  an  inexpressible  manner  or degree;
     unspeakably; unutterably. Spectator.


     In`ex*press"ive (?), a.

     1. Inexpressible. [R.]

     2.   Without   expression   or   meaning;   not  expressive;  dull;
     unintelligent; as, an inexpressive countenance.


     In`ex*press"ive*ness,   n.   The   state   or   quality   of  being


     In`ex*pug"na*ble  (?),  a. [L. inexpugnabilis: cf. F. inexpugnable.
     See  In- not, and Expugnable.] Incapable of being subdued by force;
     impregnable; unconquerable. Burke.

     A fortress, inexpugnable by the arts of war. Milman.


     In`ex*pug"na*bly, adv. So as to be inexpugnable; in an inexpugnable
     manner. Dr. H. More.


     In`ex*su"per*a*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  inexsuperabilis; pref. in- not +
     exsuperabilis  that  may  be  surmounted.  See  In-  not,  Ex-, and
     Superable.]   Not   capable  of  being  passed  over;  insuperable;


     In`ex*tend"ed (?), a. Not extended.


     In`ex*ten"si*ble  (?),  a.  Not  capable  of  being  extended;  not
     elastic; as, inextensible fibers.


     In`ex*ten"sion (?), n. Want of extension; unextended state.


     In`ex*ter"mi*na*ble  (?), a. [L. inexterminabilis. See In- not, and
     Exterminate.] Incapable of extermination. Rush.


     In`ex*tinct"  (?),  a. [L. inextinctus, inexstinctus. See Extinct.]
     Not quenched; not extinct.


     In`ex*tin"gui*ble    (?),   a.   [L.   inexstinguibilis:   cf.   F,
     inextinguible.  See  Inextinct.]  Inextinguishable.  [Obs.]  Sir T.


     In`ex*tin"guish*a*ble  (?),  a.  Not capable of being extinguished;
     extinguishable;  unquenchable;  as,  inextinguishable flame, light,
     thirst, desire, feuds. "Inextinguishable rage." Milton.


     In`ex*tin"guish*a*bly,  adv.  So  as  not to be extinguished; in an
     inextinguishable manner.


     In`ex*tir"pa*ble  (?), a. [L. inexstirpabilis: cf. F. inextirpable.
     See  In-  not,  and  Extirpate.] Not capable of being extirpated or
     rooted out; ineradicable.


     In*ex"tri*ca*ble  (?),  a. [L. inextricabilis: cf. F. inextricable.
     See In- not, and Extricate.]

     1.   Incapable   of  being  extricated,  untied,  or  disentangled;
     hopelessly  intricate,  confused,  or  obscure; as, an inextricable
     knot or difficulty; inextricable confusion.

     Lost in the wild, inextricable maze. Blackmore.

     2. Inevitable. [R.] "Fate inextricable." Milton.

     Page 758


     In*ex"tri*ca*ble*ness (?), n. The state of being inextricable.


     In*ex"tri*ca*bly, adv. In an inextricable manner.


     In*eye"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Ineyed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
     Ineyeing.] [Pref. in- in + eye.] To ingraft, as a tree or plant, by
     the insertion of a bud or eye; to inoculate.

     The arts of grafting and ineying. J. Philips.


     In*fab"ri*ca`ted (?), a. Not fabricated; unwrought; not artificial;
     natural. [Obs.]


     In*fal"li*bil*ist (?), n. One who accepts or maintains the dogma of
     papal infallibility.


     In*fal`li*bil"i*ty  (?), n. [Cf. F. infaillibilit\'82.] The quality
     or state of being infallible, or exempt from error; inerrability.

     Infallibility  is  the  highest  perfection of the knowing faculty.

     Papal infallibility

   (R.  C.  Ch.),  the  dogma  that  the pope can not, when acting in his
   official  character  of supreme pontiff, err in defining a doctrine of
   Christian  faith or rule of morals, to be held by the church. This was
   decreed by the Ecumenical Council at the Vatican, July 18, 1870.


   In*fal"li*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + fallible: cf. F. infallible.]

   1. Not fallible; not capable of erring; entirely exempt from liability
   to mistake; unerring; inerrable. Dryden.

   2.  Not  liable  to  fail,  deceive, or disappoint; indubitable; sure;
   certain;  as,  infallible  evidence; infallible success; an infallible

     To  whom  also  he showed himself alive, after his passion, by many
     infallible proofs. Acts i. 3.

   3. (R. C. Ch.) Incapable of error in defining doctrines touching faith
   or morals. See Papal infallibility, under Infallibility.


   In*fal"li*ble*ness,  n.  The  state  or  quality  of being infallible;
   infallibility. Bp. Hall.


   In*fal"li*bly,  adv.  In an infallible manner; certainly; unfailingly;
   unerringly. Blair.


   In*fame"  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  infamare,  fr.  infamis  infamous: cf. F.
   infamer,  It.  infamare.  See  Infamous.] To defame; to make infamous.
   [Obs.] Milton.

     Livia is infamed for the poisoning of her husband. Bacon.


   In"fa*mize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Infamized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Infamizing (?).] To make infamous; to defame. [R.] Coleridge.


   In"fa*mous  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  famous: cf. L. infamis. See

   1.  Of very bad report; having a reputation of the worst kind; held in
   abhorrence;   guilty  of  something  that  exposes  to  infamy;  base;
   notoriously  vile;  detestable;  as,  an infamous traitor; an infamous

     False errant knight, infamous, and forsworn. Spenser.

   2.  Causing  or producing infamy; deserving detestation; scandalous to
   the  last  degree;  as,  an  infamous  act;  infamous  vices; infamous
   corruption. Macaulay.

   3.  (Law)  Branded with infamy by conviction of a crime; as, at common
   law, an infamous person can not be a witness.

   4.  Having  a  bad  name  as being the place where an odious crime was
   committed,  or  as  being associated with something detestable; hence,
   unlucky; perilous; dangerous. "Infamous woods." P. Fletcher.

     Infamous hills, and sandy perilous wilds. Milton.

     The piny shade More infamous by cursed Lycaon made. Dryden.

   Syn.  --  Detestable;  odious;  scandalous;  disgraceful;  base; vile;
   shameful; ignominious.


   In"fa*mous*ly,  adv.  In  an  infamous manner or degree; scandalously;
   disgracefully; shamefully.

     The  sealed  fountain  of  royal  bounty  which had been infamously
     monopolized and huckstered. Burke.


   In"fa*mous*ness, n. The state or quality of being infamous; infamy.


   In"fa*my (?), n.; pl. Infamies (#). [L. infamia, fr. infamis infamous;
   pref. in- not + fama fame: cf. F. infamie. See Fame.]

   1.  Total  loss  of  reputation;  public disgrace; dishonor; ignominy;

     The  afflicted  queen would not yield, and said she would not . . .
     submit to such infamy. Bp. Burnet.

   2.  A quality which exposes to disgrace; extreme baseness or vileness;
   as, the infamy of an action.

   3.  (Law)  That loss of character, or public disgrace, which a convict
   incurs,  and  by  which  he is at common law rendered incompetent as a
   witness.  <--  Yesterday,  Dec.  7,  1941  -- a day which will live in
   infamy, . . . [Roosevelt] -->


   In"fan*cy (?), n. [L. infantia: cf. F. enfance. See Infant.]

   1.  The  state  or  period of being an infant; the first part of life;
   early childhood.

     The babe yet lies in smiling infancy. Milton.

     Their love in early infancy began. Dryden.

   2.  The  first  age  of  anything;  the  beginning  or early period of
   existence; as, the infancy of an art.

     The infancy and the grandeur of Rome. Arbuthnot.

   3.  (Law) The state or condition of one under age, or under the age of
   twenty-one years; nonage; minority.


   In*fan"dous  (?), a. [L. infandus; pref. in- not + fari to speak.] Too
   odious to be expressed or mentioned. [Obs.] Howell.


   In*fang"thef  (?),  n.  [AS.  in-fangen-pe\'a2f;  in in, into + fangen
   taken  (p.  p.  of  f  to  take)  +  pe\'a2f thief.] (O. Eng. Law) The
   privilege  granted  to  lords of certain manors to judge thieves taken
   within the seigniory of such lords. Cowell.


   In"fant  (?),  n.  [L.  infans;  pref.  in- not +fari to speak: cf. F.
   enfant, whence OE. enfaunt. See Fame, and cf. Infante, Infanta.]

   1.  A  child  in  the  first period of life, beginning at his birth; a
   young babe; sometimes, a child several years of age.

     And tender cries of infants pierce the ear. C. Pitt.

   2.  (Law) A person who is not of full age, or who has not attained the
   age  of  legal capacity; a person under the age of twenty-one years; a

     NOTE: &hand; An  in fant un der se ven ye ars of age is not penally
     responsible;  between  seven  and  fourteen years of age, he may be
     convicted of a malicious offense if malice be proved. He becomes of
     age  on  the  day  preceding his twenty-first birthday, previous to
     which time an infant has no capacity to contract.

   3. Same as Infante. [Obs.] Spenser.


   In"fant (?), a.

   1.  Of  or pertaining to infancy, or the first period of life; tender;
   not mature; as, infant strength.

   2. Intended for young children; as, an infant school.


   In"fant,  v. t. [Cf. F. enfanter.] To bear or bring forth, as a child;
   hence, to produce, in general. [Obs.]

     This  worthy  motto, "No bishop, no king," is . . . infanted out of
     the same fears. Milton.


   In*fan"ta  (?),  n. [Sp. & Pg., fem. of infante. See Infante.] A title
   borne  by  every  one  of  the  daughters  of  the  kings of Spain and
   Portugal, except the eldest.


   In*fan"te  (?),  n. [Sp. & Pg. See Infant.] A title given to every one
   of  sons of the kings of Spain and Portugal, except the eldest or heir


   In"fant*hood (?), n. Infancy. [R.]


   In*fan"ti*ci`dal  (?), a. Of or pertaining to infanticide; engaged in,
   or guilty of, child murder.


   In*fan"ti*cide (?), n. [L. infanticidium child murder; infans, -antis,
   child  +  caedere  to  kill:  cf.  F.  infanticide.  See  Infant,  and
   Homicide.]  The  murder of an infant born alive; the murder or killing
   of a newly born or young child; child murder.


   In*fan"ti*cide,  n.  [L.  infanticida:  cf.  F.  infanticide.] One who
   commits the crime of infanticide; one who kills an infant.


   In"fan*tile  (?;  277),  a.  [L.  infantilis:  cf.  F.  infantile. See
   Infant.]  Of or pertaining to infancy, or to an infant; similar to, or
   characteristic of, an infant; childish; as, infantile behavior.


   In"fan*tine (?; 277), a. [Cf. F. enfantin.] Infantile; childish.

     A degree of credulity next infantine. Burke.


   In"fant*like` (?), a. Like an infant. Shak.


   In"fant*ly, a. Like an infant. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   In"fan*try (?), n. [F. infanterie, It. infanteria, fr. infante infant,
   child,  boy  servant, foot soldier, fr. L. infans, -antis, child; foot
   soldiers  being  formerly  the  servants and followers of knights. See

   1. A body of children. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

   2.  (Mil.)  A  body  of  soldiers  serving  on foot; foot soldiers, in
   distinction from cavalry.


   In*farce" (?), v. t. [L. infarcire: pref. in- in + farcire, fartum and
   farctum, to stuff, cram.] To stuff; to swell. [Obs.]

     The body is infarced with . . . watery humors. Sir T. Elyot.


   In*farc"tion (?), n. [See Infarce.] The act of stuffing or filling; an
   overloading  and  obstruction  of  any  organ  or  vessel of the body;


   In"fare` (?), n. [AS. inf\'91r entrance.] A house-warming; especially,
   a  reception, party, or entertainment given by a newly married couple,
   or  by the husband upon receiving the wife to his house. [Written also
   infair.] [Scot., & Local, U. S.]


   In*fash"ion*a*ble, a. Unfashionable. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   In*fat"i*ga*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  infatigabilis:  cf.  F.  infatigable.]
   Indefatigable. [Obs.] Daniel.


   In*fat"u*ate  (?;  135),  a.  [L.  infatuatus,  p.  p. of infatuare to
   infatuate;  pref.  in-  in + fatuus foolish. See Fatuous.] Infatuated.
   Bp. Hall.


   In*fat"u*ate  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Infatuated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  make foolish; to affect with folly; to weaken the intellectual
   powers of, or to deprive of sound judgment.

     The  judgment of God will be very visible in infatuating a people .
     . . ripe and prepared for destruction. Clarendon.

   2.  To  inspire  with  a  foolish  and  extravagant passion; as, to be
   infatuated with gaming.

     The people are . . . infatuated with the notion. Addison.


   In*fat"u*a`ted  (?),  a.  Overcome  by some foolish passion or desire;
   affected by infatuation.


   In*fat`u*a"tion  (?), n. [LL. infatuatio: cf. F. infatuation.] The act
   of  infatuating;  the  state  of  being  infatuated; folly; that which

     The  infatuations  of the sensual and frivolous part of mankind are
     amazing;  but  the  infatuations of the learned and sophistical are
     incomparably more so. I. Taylor.

     Such is the infatuation of self-love. Blair.


   In*faust"  (?),  a.  [L. infaustus; pref. in- not + faustus fortunate,
   lucky.]  Not  favorable;  unlucky;  unpropitious;  sinister.  [R.] Ld.


   In*faust"ing  (?), n. The act of making unlucky; misfortune; bad luck.
   [Obs.] Bacon.


   In*fea`si*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   The   state   of   being  infeasible;


   In*fea"si*ble  (?),  a.  Not  capable  of  being done or accomplished;
   impracticable. Glanvill.


   In*fea"si*ble*ness,  n.  The  state  of  quality  of being infeasible;
   infeasibility. W. Montagu.


   In*fect"  (?),  a.  [L.  infectus:  cf.  F. infect. See Infect, v. t.]
   Infected. Cf. Enfect. [Obs.] Shak.


   In*fect",  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Infected; p. pr. & vb. n. Infecting.]
   [L.  infectus, p. p. of inficere to put or dip into, to stain, infect;
   pref. in- in + facere to make; cf. F. infecter. See Fact.]

   1.  To  taint  with  morbid  matter  or  any  pestilential  or noxious
   substance  or  effluvium by which disease is produced; as, to infect a
   lancet; to infect an apartment.

   2. To affect with infectious disease; to communicate infection to; as,
   infected with the plague.

     Them  that were left alive being infected with this disease. Sir T.

   3.  To  communicate  to or affect with, as qualities or emotions, esp.
   bad   qualities;   to   corrupt;  to  contaminate;  to  taint  by  the
   communication of anything noxious or pernicious. Cowper.

     Infected Ston's daughters with like heat. Milton.

   4.  (Law) To contaminate with illegality or to expo Syn. -- To poison;
   vitiate; pollute; defile.


   In*fect"er (?), n. One who, or that which, infects.


   In*fect"i*ble (?), a. Capable of being infected.


   In*fec"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. infection, L. infectio a dyeing.]

   1. The act or process of infecting.

     There was a strict order against coming to those pits, and that was
     only to prevent infection. De Foe.

   2.  That  which  infects,  or  causes  the  communicated  disease; any
   effluvium,  miasm,  or  pestilential  matter  by  which  an infectious
   disease is caused.

     And that which was still worse, they that did thus break out spread
     the  infection  further by their wandering about with the distemper
     upon them. De Foe.

   3.  The  state of being infected; contamination by morbific particles;
   the result of infecting influence; a prevailing disease; epidemic.

     The  danger  was  really  very  great,  the infection being so very
     violent in London. De Foe.

   4. That which taints or corrupts morally; as, the infection of vicious

     It  was  her  chance  to light Amidst the gross infections of those
     times. Daniel.

   5. (Law) Contamination by illegality, as in cases of contraband goods;

   6. Sympathetic communication of like qualities or emotions; influence.

     Through all her train the soft infection ran. Pope.

     Mankind are gay or serious by infection. Rambler.

   Syn. -- Infection, Contagion. -- Infection is often used in a definite
   and  limited  sense  of  the transmission of affections without direct
   contact of individuals or immediate application or introduction of the
   morbific  agent, in contradistinction to contagion, which then implies
   transmission by direct contact. Quain. See Contagious.


   In*fec"tious (?), a. [Cf. F. infectieux.]

   1.  Having  qualities  that  may  infect;  communicable  or  caused by
   infection; pestilential; epidemic; as, an infectious fever; infectious
   clothing; infectious air; infectious vices.

     Where the infectious pestilence. Shak.

   2.  Corrupting,  or  tending  to  corrupt  or  contaminate; vitiating;

     It  [the court] is necessary for the polishing of manners . . . but
     it  is  infectious  even  to  the best morals to live always in it.

   3.  (Law)  Contaminating  with  illegality;  exposing  to  seizure and

     Contraband articles are said to be of an infectious nature. Kent.

   4.  Capable  of  being easily diffused or spread; sympathetic; readily
   communicated; as, infectious mirth.

     The laughter was so genuine as to be infectious. W. Black.

   Syn. -- See Contagious.


   In*fec"tious*ly, adv. In an infectious manner. Shak.


   In*fec"tious*ness, n. The quality of being infectious.


   In*fect"ive  (?), a. [L. infectivus pertaining to dyeing.] Infectious.
   Beau. & Fl.

     True love . . . hath an infective power. Sir P. Sidney.


   In*fec"und  (?),  a.  [L. infecundus: cf. F. inf\'82cond. See In- not,
   and  Fecund.]  Unfruitful;  not  producing  young;  barren; infertile.
   [Obs.] Evelyn.


   In`fe*cun"di*ty  (?),  n. [L. infecunditas: cf. F. inf\'82condit\'82.]
   Want    of   fecundity   or   fruitfulness;   barrenness;   sterility;


   In`fe*cun"dous    (?),   a.   [See   Infecund.]   Infertile;   barren;
   unprofitable; unproductive. [Obs.] Glanvill.


   In*fee"ble (?), v. t. See Enfeeble.


   In`fe*lic"i*tous  (?),  a.  Not  felicitous; unhappy; unfortunate; not
   fortunate  or appropriate in application; not well said, expressed, or
   done;  as,  an  infelicitous  condition;  an  infelicitous  remark; an
   infelicitous description; infelicitous words.


   In`fe*lic"i*ty  (?), n.; pl. Infelicities (#). [L. infelicitas: cf. F.
   inf\'82licit\'82. See In- not, and Felicity.]

   1.  The  state  or quality of being infelicitous; unhappiness; misery;
   wretchedness;  misfortune; want of suitableness or appropriateness. I.

     Whatever  is  the ignorance and infelicity of the present state, we
     were made wise and happy. Glanvill.

   2. That (as an act, word, expression, etc.) which is infelicitous; as,
   infelicities of speech.


   In`fe*lo"ni*ous  (?),  a.  Not  felonious,  malignant, or criminal. G.


   In"felt` (?), a. [Pref. in- in + felt.] Felt inwardly; heartfelt. [R.]

     The  baron  stood  afar  off, or knelt in submissive, acknowledged,
     infelt inferiority. Milman.


   In`feo*da"tion (?), n. (Law) See Infeudation.


   In*feoff" (?), v. t. (Law) See Enfeoff.


   In*feoff"ment (?), n. (Law) See Enfeoffment.


   In*fer"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inferred (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inferring.] [L. inferre to bring into, bring forward, occasion, infer;
   pref.  in-  in  +  ferre  to carry, bring: cf. F. inf\'82rer. See 1 st

   1. To bring on; to induce; to occasion. [Obs.] Harvey.

   2. To offer, as violence. [Obs.] Spenser.

   3.  To  bring forward, or employ as an argument; to adduce; to allege;
   to offer. [Obs.]

     Full  well  hath Clifford played the orator, Inferring arguments of
     mighty force. Shak.

   4. To derive by deduction or by induction; to conclude or surmise from
   facts  or premises; to accept or derive, as a consequence, conclusion,
   or  probability;  to  imply; as, I inferred his determination from his

     To  infer  is nothing but by virtue of one proposition laid down as
     true, to draw in another as true. Locke.

     Such opportunities always infer obligations. Atterbury.

   5. To show; to manifest; to prove. [Obs.]

     The  first  part  is  not  the  proof  of  the  second,  but rather
     contrariwise, the second inferreth well the first. Sir T. More.

     This doth infer the zeal I had to see him. Shak.

   Page 759


   In*fer"a*ble  (?;  277),  a. Capable of being inferred or deduced from
   premises. [Written also inferrible.] H. Spencer.

     A  sufficient  argument  .  .  .  is inferable from these premises.


   In"fer*ence (?), n. [From Infer.]

   1. The act or process of inferring by deduction or induction.

     Though  it  may  chance  to  be right in the conclusions, it is yet
     unjust and mistaken in the method of inference. Glanvill.

   2.  That  which  inferred;  a  truth or proposition drawn from another
   which  is  admitted or supposed to be true; a conclusion; a deduction.

     These inferences, or conclusions, are the effects of reasoning, and
     the  three  propositions, taken all together, are called syllogism,
     or argument. I. Watts.

   Syn.  -- Conclusion; deduction; consequence. -- Inference, Conclusion.
   An  inference  is  literally  that  which  is brought in; and hence, a
   deduction  or  induction  from premises, -- something which follows as
   certainly   or  probably  true.  A  conclusion  is  stronger  than  an
   inference;  it  shuts  us up to the result, and terminates inquiry. We
   infer  what is particular or probable; we conclude what is certain. In
   a  chain  of  reasoning  we  have  many  inferences, which lead to the
   ultimate conclusion. "An inference is a proposition which is perceived
   to  be  true,  because  of its connection with some known fact." "When
   something  is  simply affirmed to be true, it is called a proposition;
   after it has been found to be true by several reasons or arguments, it
   is called a conclusion." I. Taylor.


   In`fer*en"tial (?), a. Deduced or deducible by inference. "Inferential
   proofs." J. S. Mill.


   In`fer*en"tial*ly, adv. By way of inference.


   In*fe"ri*\'91  (?), n. pl. [L., fr. inferus underneath.] (Rom. Antiq.)
   Sacrifices offered to the souls of deceased heroes or friends.


   In*fe"ri*or (?), a. [L., compar. of inferus that is below, underneath,
   the lower; akin to E. under: cf. F. inf\'82rieur. See Under.]

   1. Lower in place, rank, excellence, etc.; less important or valuable;
   subordinate; underneath; beneath.

     A thousand inferior and particular propositions. I. Watts.

     The body, or, as some love to call it, our inferior nature. Burke.

     Whether  they are equal or inferior to my other poems, an author is
     the most improper judge. Dryden.

   2. Poor or mediocre; as, an inferior quality of goods.

   3. (Astron.) (a) Nearer the sun than the earth is; as, the inferior or
   interior  planets;  an  inferior  conjunction of Mercury or Venus. (b)
   Below the horizon; as, the inferior part of a meridian,

   4. (Bot.) (a) Situated below some other organ; -- said of a calyx when
   free  from  the  ovary, and therefore below it, or of an ovary with an
   adherent  and  therefore  inferior  calyx. (b) On the side of a flower
   which is next the bract; anterior.

   5. (Min.) Junior or subordinate in rank; as, an inferior officer.
   Inferior  court  (Law), a court subject to the jurisdiction of another
   court  known  as  the  superior, or higher, court. -- Inferior letter,
   Inferior  figure  (Print.),  a  small letter or figure standing at the
   bottom  of  the line (opposed to superior letter or figure), as in A2,
   Bn,  2  and  n  are  inferior  characters.  -- Inferior tide, the tide
   corresponding  to  the  moon's transit of the meridian, when below the


   In*fe"ri*or, n. A person lower in station, rank, intellect, etc., than

     A  great  person  gets  more  by  obliging  his  inferior  than  by
     disdaining him. South.


   In*fe`ri*or"i*ty  (?),  [Cf. F. inf\'82riorit\'82.] The state of being
   inferior;  a  lower  state  or  condition; as, inferiority of rank, of
   talents, of age, of worth.

     A deep sense of our own great inferiority. Boyle.


   In*fe"ri*or*ly  (?),  adv.  In  an inferior manner, or on the inferior


   In*fer"nal  (?),  a.  [F.  infernal,  L. infernalis, fr. infernus that
   which lies beneath, the lower. See Inferior.]

   1.  Of  or pertaining to or suitable for the lower regions, inhabited,
   according to the ancients, by the dead; pertaining to Pluto's realm of
   the dead, the Tartarus of the ancients.

     The Elysian fields, the infernal monarchy. Garth.

   2.  Of or pertaining to, resembling, or inhabiting, hell; suitable for
   hell,  or  to  the  character  of  the  inhabitants  of hell; hellish;
   diabolical; as, infernal spirits, or conduct.

     The instruments or abettors in such infernal dealings. Addison.

   Infernal  machine,  a  machine  or  apparatus  maliciously designed to
   explode,  and  destroy  life  or  property.  --  Infernal stone (lapis
   infernalis),  lunar  caustic;  formerly  so  called. The name was also
   applied  to  caustic  potash.  Syn.  --  Tartarean;  Stygian; hellish;
   devilish; diabolical; satanic; fiendish; malicious.
   In*fer"nal,  n. An inhabitant of the infernal regions; also, the place
   itself. [Obs.] Drayton. 


   In*fer"nal*ly,  adv.  In an infernal manner; diabolically. "Infernally
   false." Bp. Hacket.


   In`fe*ro*bran"chi*an (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Inferobranchiata.


   In`fe*ro*bran`chi*a"ta   (?),   n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Inferobranchiate.]
   (Zo\'94l.) A suborder of marine gastropod mollusks, in which the gills
   are between the foot and the mantle.


   In`fe*ro*bran"chi*ate  (?),  a.  [L.  inferus  lower + E. branchiate.]
   (Zo\'94l.) Having the gills on the sides of the body, under the margin
   of the mantle; belonging to the Inferobranchiata.


   In*fer"ri*ble (?), a. Inferable.


   In*fer"tile (?), a. [L. infertilis: cf. F. infertile. See In- not, and
   Fertile.]  Not  fertile;  not  productive;  barren;  sterile;  as,  an
   infertile soil.


   In*fer"tile*ly, adv. In an infertile manner.


   In`fer*til"i*ty  (?), n. [L. infertilitas: cf. F. infertilit\'82.] The
   state or quality of being infertile; unproductiveness; barrenness.

     The infertility or noxiousness of the soil. Sir M. Hale.


   In*fest"  (?),  a.  [L.  infestus.  See  Infest,  v.  t.] Mischievous;
   hurtful; harassing. [Obs.] Spenser.


   In*fest",  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Infested; p. pr. & vb. n. Infesting.]
   [L.  infestare,  fr.  infestus disturbed, hostile, troublesome; in in,
   against  +  the  root  of  defendere: cf. F. infester. See Defend.] To
   trouble greatly by numbers or by frequency of presence; to disturb; to
   annoy;  to  frequent  and  molest or harass; as, fleas infest dogs and
   cats; a sea infested with pirates.

     To poison vermin that infest his plants. Cowper.

     These, said the genius, are envy, avarice, superstition, love, with
     the like cares and passions that infest human life. Addison.

     And  the  cares,  that infest the day, Shall fold their tents, like
     the Arabs, And as silently steal away. Longfellow.


   In`fest*ta"tion  (?),  n. [L. infestatio: cf. F. infestation.] The act
   of  infesting  or  state  of  being  infested;  molestation; vexation;
   annoyance. Bacon.

     Free from the infestation of enemies. Donne.


   In*fest"er (?), n. One who, or that which, infests.


   In*fest"ive  (?), a. [L. infestivus. See In- not, and Festive.] Having
   no mirth; not festive or merry; dull; cheerless; gloomy; forlorn. [R.]


   In`fes*tiv"i*ty  (?),  n.  Want  of festivity, cheerfulness, or mirth;
   dullness; cheerlessness. [R.]


   In*fes"tu*ous  (?; 135), a. [L. infestus. See Infest, a.] Mischievous;
   harmful; dangerous. [Obs.] "Infestuous as serpents." Bacon.


   In`feu*da"tion  (?), n. [LL. infeudatio, fr. infeudare to enfeoff: cf.
   F. inf\'82odation. See Feud a fief.]

   1. (Law) The act of putting one in possession of an estate in fee. Sir
   M. Hale.

   2. The granting of tithes to laymen. Blackstone.


   In*fib`u*la"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  infibulare,  infibulatum,  to  clasp,
   buckle,  or  button together; pref. in- in + fibula clasp, buckle: cf.
   F. infibulation.]

   1. The act of clasping, or fastening, as with a buckle or padlock.

   2. The act of attaching a ring, clasp, or frame, to the genital organs
   in such a manner as to prevent copulation.


   In"fi*del (?), a. [L. infidelis; pref. in- not + fidelis faithful, fr.
   fides faith: cf. F. infid\'8ale. See Fidelity.] Not holding the faith;
   --  applied esp. to one who does not believe in the inspiration of the
   Scriptures, and the supernatural origin of Christianity.

     The infidel writer is a great enemy to society. V. Knox.


   In"fi*del,  n.  One  who  does not believe in the prevailing religious
   faith;  especially,  one who does not believe in the divine origin and
   authority of Christianity; a Mohammedan; a heathen; a freethinker.

     NOTE: &hand; In fidel is  us ed by English writers to translate the
     equivalent  word  used  Mohammedans  in  speaking of Christians and
     other disbelievers in Mohammedanism.

   Syn.  --  Infidel,  Unbeliever,  Freethinker, Deist, Atheist, Sceptic,
   Agnostic.  An infidel, in common usage, is one who denies Christianity
   and  the  truth  of  the Scriptures. Some have endeavored to widen the
   sense  of infidel so as to embrace atheism and every form of unbelief;
   but  this  use  does  not generally prevail. A freethinker is now only
   another  name  for  an  infidel.  An  unbeliever  is not necessarily a
   disbeliever  or  infidel,  because  he  may  still  be inquiring after
   evidence to satisfy his mind; the word, however, is more commonly used
   in  the  extreme  sense.  A  deist  believes  in  one God and a divine
   providence,  but  rejects  revelation.  An atheist denies the being of
   God.  A  sceptic  is one whose faith in the credibility of evidence is
   weakened  or  destroyed,  so that religion, to the same extent, has no
   practical  hold  on  his  mind.  An  agnostic  remains  in  a state of
   suspended  judgment,  neither affirming nor denying the existence of a
   personal Deity.


   In`fi*del"i*ty  (?),  n.;  pl. Infidelities (. [L. infidelitas: cf. F.

   1.  Want  of  faith  or belief in some religious system; especially, a
   want  of faith in, or disbelief of, the inspiration of the Scriptures,
   of the divine origin of Christianity.

     There  is, indeed, no doubt but that vanity is one of the principal
     causes of infidelity. V. Knox.

   2.  Unfaithfulness  to  the marriage vow or contract; violation of the
   marriage covenant by adultery.

   3.   Breach  of  trust;  unfaithfulness  to  a  charge,  or  to  moral
   obligation;  treachery;  deceit; as, the infidelity of a servant. "The
   infidelity of friends." Sir W. Temple.


   In*field" (?), v. t. To inclose, as a field. [R.]


   In"field` (?), n.

   1.   Arable   and   manured  land  kept  continually  under  crop;  --
   distinguished from outfield. [Scotland] Jamieson.

   2. (Baseball) The diamond; -- opposed to outfield. See Diamond, n., 5.


   In*file"  (?),  v. t. To arrange in a file or rank; to place in order.
   [Obs.] Holland.


   In*film"  (?),  v.  t.  To  cover  with a film; to coat thinly; as, to
   infilm one metal with another in the process of gilding; to infilm the
   glass of a mirror. [R.]


   In*fil"ter  (?),  v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Infiltered; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Infiltering.] [Cf. Infiltrate.] To filter or sift in.


   In*fil"trate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Infiltrated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Infiltrating  (?).]  [Pref.  in-  +  filtrate: cf. F, s'infiltrer. Cf.
   Infilter.]  To  enter  by  penetrating  the  pores or interstices of a
   substance; to filter into or through something.

     The water infiltrates through the porous rock. Addison.


   In*fil"trate,   v.  t.  To  penetrate  gradually;  --  sometimes  used
   reflexively. J. S. Mill.


   In`fil*tra"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. infiltration.]

   1.  The  act  or  process  of  infiltrating, as if water into a porous
   substance,  or  of  a  fluid into the cells of an organ or part of the

   2.  The  substance  which has entered the pores or cavities of a body.

     Calcareous infiltrations filling the cavities. Kirwan.

   Fatty infiltration. (Med.) See under Fatty. -- Infiltration gallery, a
   filter gallery.


   In*fil"tra*tive (?), a. Of or pertaining to infiltration. Kane.


   In"fi*nite  (?),  a.  [L.  infinitus:  cf. F. infini. See In- not, and

   1.  Unlimited or boundless, in time or space; as, infinite duration or

     Whatever  is  finite,  as  finite,  will  admit  of  no comparative
     relation with infinity; for whatever is less than infinite is still
     infinitely  distant from infinity; and lower than infinite distance
     the lowest or least can not sink. H. Brooke.

   2.  Without  limit  in  power,  capacity,  knowledge,  or  excellence;
   boundless;  immeasurably  or  inconceivably  great;  perfect;  as, the
   infinite wisdom and goodness of God; -- opposed to finite.

     Great  is  our  Lord,  and  of  great  power;  his understanding is
     infinite. Ps. cxlvii. 5.

     O God, how infinite thou art! I. Watts.

   3.  Indefinitely  large  or extensive; great; vast; immense; gigantic;

     Infinite riches in a little room. Marlowe.

     Which infinite calamity shall cause To human life. Milton.

   4.  (Math.)  Greater than any assignable quantity of the same kind; --
   said of certain quantities.

   5.  (Mus.)  Capable of endless repetition; -- said of certain forms of
   the  canon,  called  also  perpetual fugues, so constructed that their
   ends  lead to their beginnings, and the performance may be incessantly
   repeated.  Moore  (Encyc.  of Music). Syn. -- Boundless; immeasurable;
   illimitable; interminable; limitless; unlimited; endless; eternal.


   In"fi*nite, n.

   1.  That  which  is  infinite;  boundless space or duration; infinity;

     Not  till  the  weight is heaved from off the air, and the thunders
     roll  down  the horizon, will the serene light of God flow upon us,
     and the blue infinite embrace us again. J. Martineau.

   2. (Math.) An infinite quantity or magnitude.

   3. An infinity; an incalculable or very great number.

     Glittering  chains, embroidered richly o'er With infinite of pearls
     and finest gold. Fanshawe.

   4. The Infinite Being; God; the Almighty.


   In"fi*nite*ly, adv.

   1. Without bounds or limits; beyond or below assignable limits; as, an
   infinitely large or infinitely small quantity.

   2. Very; exceedingly; vastly; highly; extremely. "Infinitely pleased."


   In"fi*nite*ness,  n. The state or quality of being infinite; infinity;
   greatness; immensity. Jer. Taylor.


   In`fin*i*tes"i*mal    (?),    a.   [Cf.   F.   infinit\'82simal,   fr.
   infinit\'82sime  infinitely small, fr. L. infinitus. See Infinite, a.]
   Infinitely or indefinitely small; less than any assignable quantity or
   value;  very  small.  Infinitesimal  calculus,  the  different and the
   integral  calculus,  when  developed  according  to the method used by
   Leibnitz,   who   regarded   the  increments  given  to  variables  as


   In`fin*i*tes"i*mal,  n.  (Math.)  An  infinitely  small quantity; that
   which is less than any assignable quantity.


   In`fin*i*tes"i*mal*ly,  adv.  By  infinitesimals;  in infinitely small
   quantities; in an infinitesimal degree.


   In*fin`i*ti"val  (?), a. Pertaining to the infinite mood. "Infinitival
   stems." Fitzed. Hall.


   In*fin"i*tive   (?),   n.  [L.  infinitivus:  cf.  F.  infinitif.  See
   Infinite.] Unlimited; not bounded or restricted; undefined. Infinitive
   mood (Gram.), that form of the verb which merely names the action, and
   performs  the office of a verbal noun. Some grammarians make two forms
   in  English: (a) The simple form, as, speak, go, hear, before which to
   is  commonly placed, as, to speak; to go; to hear. (b) The form of the
   imperfect  participle,  called the infinitive in -ing; as, going is as
   easy as standing.
     NOTE: With the auxiliary verbs may, can, must, might, could, would,
     and  should, the simple infinitive is expressed without to; as, you
     may  speak;  they  must  hear, etc. The infinitive usually omits to
     with the verbs let, dare, do, bid, make, see, hear, need, etc.; as,
     let me go; you dare not tell; make him work; hear him talk, etc.
     NOTE: &hand; In Anglo-Saxon, the simple infinitive was not preceded
     by  to  (the sign of modern simple infinitive), but it had a dative
     form (sometimes called the gerundial infinitive) which was preceded
     by  to, and was chiefly employed in expressing purpose. See Gerund,
     NOTE: The g erundial e nding (-anne) not only took the same form as
     the simple infinitive (-an), but it was confounded with the present
     participle in -ende, or -inde (later -inge).
   In*fin"i*tive,  n.  (Gram.)  An infinitive form of the verb; a verb in
   the infinitive mood; the infinitive mood.
   In*fin"i*tive, adv. (Gram.) In the manner of an infinitive mood.
   In`fi*ni"to (?), a. [It.] (Mus.) Infinite; perpetual, as a canon whose
   end leads back to the beginning. See Infinite, a., 5.
   In*fin"i*tude (?), n.
   1.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  infinite,  or  without limits;
   2.  Infinite  extent;  unlimited space; immensity; infinity. "I am who
   fill infinitude." Milton.
     As pleasing to the fancy, as speculations of eternity or infinitude
     are to the understanding. Addison.
   3.   Boundless   number;   countless   multitude.  "An  infinitude  of
   distinctions." Addison.
   In*fin"i*tu`ple  (?), a. [Cf. Quadruple.] Multipied an infinite number
   of times. [R.] Wollaston.
   In*fin"i*ty  (?), n.; pl. Infinities (#). [L. infinitas; pref. in- not
   + finis boundary, limit, end: cf. F. infinit\'82. See Finite.]
   1.   Unlimited   extent   of   time,  space,  or  quantity;  eternity;
   boundlessness; immensity. Sir T. More.
     There  can  not  be more infinities than one; for one of them would
     limit the other. Sir W. Raleigh.
   <-- now known to be false! -- See aleph null, etc.-->
   2.  Unlimited  capacity,  energy,  excellence,  or  knowledge; as, the
   infinity of God and his perfections. Hooker.
   3.  Endless  or  indefinite number; great multitude; as an infinity of
   beauties. Broome.
   Page 760

   Page 760

   4. (Math.) A quantity greater than any assignable quantity of the same

     NOTE: &hand; Ma thematically considered, infinity is always a limit
     of  a  variable  quantity,  resulting from a particular supposition
     made upon the varying element which enters it.

   Davies & Peck (Math. Dict. ).

   5.  (Geom.)  That part of a line, or of a plane, or of space, which is
   infinitely  distant.  In modern geometry, parallel lines or planes are
   sometimes treated as lines or planes meeting at infinity.
   Circle at infinity, an imaginary circle at infinity, through which, in
   geometry  of  three  dimensions,  every sphere is imagined to pass. --
   Circular points at infinity. See under Circular.


   In*firm" (?), a. [L.infirmus: cf.F.infirme. See In- not, and Firm, a.]

   1.  Not  firm  or  sound;  weak; feeble; as, an infirm body; an infirm

     A poor, infirm, weak, and despised old man. Shak.

   2.   Weak  of  mind  or  will;  irresolute;  vacillating.  "An  infirm
   judgment." Burke.

     Infirm of purpose! Shak.

   3. Not solid or stable; insecure; precarious.

     He who fixes on false principles treads or infirm ground. South.

   Syn.  --  Debilitated;  sickly;  feeble;  decrepit;  weak;  enfeebled;
   irresolute; vacillating; imbecile.


   In*firm",  v.  t.  [L.  infirmare  :  cf.  F.infirmer.]  To weaken; to
   enfeeble. [Obs.] Sir W. Raleigh.


   In`fir*ma"ri*an  (?), n. A person dwelling in, or having charge of, an
   infirmary, esp. in a monastic institution.


   In*firm"a*ry  (?),  n.;  pl.  Infirmaries  (#). [Cf. OE. fermerie, OF.
   enfermerie, F. infirmerie, LL. infirmaria. See Infirm.] A hospital, or
   place  where the infirm or sick are lodged and nursed gratuitously, or
   where out-patients are treated.


   In*firm"a*tive  (?),  a. [Cf. F. infirmatif.] Weakening; annulling, or
   tending to make void. [Obs.]


   In*firm"a*to*ry (?), n. An infirmary. [Obs.]


   In*firm"i*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Infirmities (#). [L. infirmitas : cf. F.
   infirmite. See Infirm, a.]

   1. The state of being infirm; feebleness; an imperfection or weakness;
   esp.,  an  unsound,  unhealthy,  or  debilitated  state;  a disease; a
   malady; as, infirmity of body or mind.

     'T is the infirmity of his age. Shak.

   2.  A personal frailty or failing; foible; eccentricity; a weakness or

     Will you be cured of your infirmity ? Shak.

     A friend should bear his friend's infirmities. Shak.

     The house has also its infirmities. Evelyn.

   Syn.  --  Debility; imbecility; weakness; feebleness; failing; foible;
   defect; disease; malady. See Debility.


   In*firm"ly, adv. In an infirm manner.


   In*firm"ness, n. Infirmity; feebleness. Boyle.


   In*fix"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Infixed  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Infixing.]  [L.  infixus,  p.p  of  infigere  to infix; pref. in- in +
   figere to fix: cf. F. infixer. See Fix.]

   1.  To set; to fasten or fix by piercing or thrusting in; as, to infix
   a sting, spear, or dart. Shak.

     The  fatal  dart  a  ready passage found, And deep within her heart
     infixed the wound. Dryden.

   2.  To  implant  or  fix;  to  instill;  to  inculcate, as principles,
   thoughts,  or  instructions; as, to infix good principles in the mind,
   or ideas in the memory.


   In"fix (?), n. Something infixed. [R.] Welsford.


   In*flame"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Inflamed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inflaming.]   [OE.   enflamen,   OF.   enflamer,   F.   enflammer,  L.
   inflammare,inflammatum;  pref.in-  in  +  flammare to flame, fr.flamma
   flame. See Flame.]

   1. To set on fire; to kindle; to cause to burn, flame, or glow.

     We  should  have  made  retreat  By  light  of  the inflamed fleet.

   2.  Fig.: To kindle or intensify, as passion or appetite; to excite to
   an excessive or unnatural action or heat; as, to inflame desire.

     Though more,it seems, Inflamed with lust than rage. Milton.

     But, O inflame and fire our hearts. Dryden.

   3.  To  provoke  to  anger  or  rage;  to  exasperate; to irritate; to
   incense; to enrage.

     It will inflame you; it will make you mad. Shak.

   4.  (Med.)  To put in a state of inflammation; to produce morbid heat,
   congestion, or swelling, of; as, to inflame the eyes by overwork.

   5. To exaggerate; to enlarge upon. [Obs.]

     A friend exaggerates a man's virtues, an enemy inflames his crimes.

   Syn.  --  To  provoke;  fire;  kindle;  irritate; exasperate; incense;
   enrage; anger; excite; arouse.


   In*flame",  v.  i.  To  grow  morbidly  hot, congested, or painful; to
   become angry or incensed. Wiseman.


   In*flamed" (?), p. a.

   1. Set on fire; enkindled; heated; congested; provoked; exasperated.

   2. (Her.) Represented as burning, or as adorned with tongues of flame.


   In*flam"er  (?n-fl\'bem\'b6?r),  n. The person or thing that inflames.


   In*flam"ma*bil"l*ty  (?), n. [Cf.F. inflammabilite.] Susceptibility of
   taking fire readily; the state or quality of being inflammable.


   In*flam"ma*ble (?), a. [CF. F. inflammable.]

   1.  Capable  of  being easily set fire; easily enkindled; combustible;
   as, inflammable oils or spirits.

   2.   Excitable;   irritable;   irascible;   easily  provoked;  as,  an
   inflammable temper.
   Inflammable air, the old chemical name for hydrogen.


   In*flam"ma*ble*ness,  n.  The  quality  or state of being inflammable;
   inflammability. Boyle.


   In*flam"mbly (?), adv. In an inflammable manner.


   In*flam*ma"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  inflammatio:  cf. F. inflammation. See

   1. The act of inflaming, kindling, or setting on fire; also, the state
   of being inflamed. "The inflammation of fat." Wilkins.

   2.  (Med.)  A  morbid condition of any part of the body, consisting in
   congestion  of  the  blood  vessels,  with  obstruction  of  the blood
   current,  and  growth  of morbid tissue. It is manifested outwardly by
   redness and swelling, attended with heat and pain.

   3.  Violent  excitement;  heat; passion; animosity; turbulence; as, an
   inflammation of the mind, of the body politic, or of parties. Hooker.


   In*flam"ma*tive (?), a. Inflammatory.


   In*flam"ma*to*ry (?), a. [Cf. F. inflammatoire.]

   1. Tending to inflame, kindle, or irritate.

   2. Tending to excite anger, animosity, tumult, or sedition; seditious;
   as, inflammatory libels, writings, speeches, or publications. Burke.

   3.  (Med.)  Accompanied  with, or tending to cause, preternatural heat
   and excitement of arterial action; as, an inflammatory disease.
   Inflammatory  crust.  (Med.)  Same  as  Buffy  coat,  under  Buffy. --
   Inflammatory fever, a variety of fever due to inflammation.


   In*flat"a*ble (?), a. That may be inflated.


   In*flate"  (?),  p. a. [L. inflatus, p.p. of inflare to inflate; pref.
   in-  in  +  flare to blow. See Blow to puff wind.] Blown in; inflated.


   In*flate", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inflated; p. pr. & vb. n. Inflating.]

   1.  To  swell  or  distend  with  air or gas; to dilate; to expand; to
   enlarge; as, to inflate a bladder; to inflate the lungs.

     When passion's tumults in the bosom rise, Inflate the features, and
     enrage the eyes. J. Scott of Amwell.

   2. Fig.: To swell; to puff up; to elate; as, to inflate one with pride
   or vanity.

     Inflate themselves with some insane delight. Tennyson.

   3. To cause to become unduly expanded or increased; as, to inflate the


   In*flate", v. i. To expand; to fill; to distend.


   In*flat"ed (?), a.

   1.  Filled,  as  with  air  or gas; blown up; distended; as, a balloon
   inflated with gas.

   2.  Turgid;  swelling;  puffed up; bombastic; pompous; as, an inflated

     Inflated and astrut with self-conceit. Cowper.

   3.  (Bot.)  Hollow  and distended, as a perianth, corolla, nectary, or
   pericarp. Martyn.

   4. Distended or enlarged fictitiously; as, inflated prices, etc.


   In*flat"er (?), n. One who, or that which, inflates; as, the inflaters
   of the stock exchange.


   In*flat"ing*ly, adv. In a manner tending to inflate.


   In*fla"tion (?), n. [L. inflatio: cf. F. inflation.]

   1. The act or process of inflating, or the state of being inflated, as
   with air or gas; distention; expansion; enlargement. Boyle.

   2.  The  state  of being puffed up, as with pride; conceit; vanity. B.

   3.  Undue  expansion or increase, from overissue; -- said of currency.


   In*fla"tion*ist, n. One who favors an increased or very large issue of
   paper money. [U.S.]


   In*fla"tus  (?),  n.  [L.  See  Inflate, v. t.] A blowing or breathing
   into; inflation; inspiration.

     The  divine  breath  that  blows  the  nostrils  out  To  ineffable
     inflatus. Mrs. Browning.


   In*flect"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inflected;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inflecting.]  [L.  inflectere,  inflexum;  pref. in.- in + flectere to
   bend. See Flexibl, and cf. Inflex.]

   1.  To  turn  from  a  direct  line or course; to bend; to incline, to
   deflect; to curve; to bow.

     Are  they  [the  rays  of  the  sun]  not reflected, refracted, and
     inflected by one and the same principle ? Sir I. Newton.

   2.  (Gram.)  To  vary,  as  a  noun  or a verb in its terminations; to
   decline, as a noun or adjective, or to conjugate, as a verb.

   3. To modulate, as the voice.


   In*flect"ed, a.

   1. Bent; turned; deflected.

   2.  (Gram.) Having inflections; capable of, or subject to, inflection;
   Inflected cycloid (Geom.), a prolate cycloid. See Cycloid.


   In*flec"tion  (?),  n.  [L. inflexio : cf. F. inflexion. See Inflect.]
   [Written also inflecxion.]

   1. The act of inflecting, or the state of being inflected.

   2. A bend; a fold; a curve; a turn; a twist.

   3. A slide, modulation, or accent of the voice; as, the rising and the
   falling inflection.

   4.  (Gram.)  The variation or change which words undergo to mark case,
   gender, number, comparison, tense, person, mood, voice, etc.

   5.  (Mus.)  (a) Any change or modification in the pitch or tone of the
   voice.  (b)  A  departure  from  the  monotone,  or  reciting note, in

   6. (Opt.) Same as Diffraction.
   Point  of  inflection  (Geom.), the point on opposite sides of which a
   curve bends in contrary ways.


   In*flec"tion*al  (?),  a.  Of  or pertaining to inflection; having, or
   characterized by, inflection. Max M\'81ller.


   In*flect"ive (?), a.

   1.  Capable  of,  or  pertaining  to,  inflection; deflecting; as, the
   inflective quality of the air. Derham.

   2.  (Gram.)  Inflectional;  characterized  by  variation, or change in
   form, to mark case, tense, etc.; subject to inflection.
   Inflective  language  (Philol.),  a  language like the Greek or Latin,
   consisting  largely  of  stems  with variable terminations or suffixes
   which  were once independent words. English is both agglutinative, as,
   manlike,   headache,   and   inflective,   as,   he,   his,  him.  Cf.
   In*flesh" (?), v. t. To incarnate.
   In*flex"  (?),  v. t. [Cf. Flex, Inflect.] To bend; to cause to become
   curved; to make crooked; to deflect. J. Philips.
   In*flexed" (?), a.
   1. Turned; bent. Feltham.
   2.  (Bot.) Bent or turned abruptly inwards, or toward the axis, as the
   petals of a flower.
   In*flex"i*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. [Cf. F. inflexibilit\'82.] The quality or
   state  of  being  inflexible, or not capable of being bent or changed;
   unyielding  stiffness;  inflexibleness;  rigidity; firmness of will or
   purpose;    unbending    pertinacity;   steadfastness;   resoluteness;
   unchangeableness; obstinacy.
     The inflexibility of mechanism. A. Baxter.
     That grave inflexibility of soul. Churchill.
     The purity and inflexibility of their faith. T. Warton.

   In*flex"i*ble (?), a. [L. inflexiblis: cf. F. inflexible. See In- not,
   and Flexible.]

   1. Not capable of being bent; stiff; rigid; firm; unyielding.

   2.  Firm  in  will  or purpose; not to be turned, changed, or altered;
   resolute; determined; unyieding; inexorable; stubborn.

     "Inflexibleas steel." Miltom.

     Amanof  upright and inflexibletemper . . . can overcome all private
     fear. Addison.

   3. Incapable of change; unalterable; immutable.

     The nature of things is inflexible. I. Watts.

   Syn.  --  --  Unbending;  unyielding; rigid; inexorable; pertinacious;
   obstinate; stubborn; unrelenting.


   In*flex"i*ble*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of being inflexible;
   inflexibility; rigidity; firmness.


   In*flex"i*bly, adv. In an inflexible manner.


   In*flex"ion (?), n. Inflection.


   In*flex"ive (?), a.

   1. Inflective.

     "Inflexive endings." W. E. Jelf.

   2. Inflexible. [R.] "Foes inflexive." Chapman.


   In*flex"ure (?), n. An inflection; a bend or fold. [R.] Sir T. Browne.


   In*flict"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inflicted;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inflicting.]  [L.  inflictus,  p.p.  of  infligere  to  strike  on, to
   inflict;  pref.  in-  in, on + fligere to strike. Cf. Flail.] To give,
   cause,  or  produce  by  striking,  or  as  if  by  striking; to apply
   forcibly;  to  lay  or  impose;  to  send;  to cause to bear, feel, or
   suffer;  as,  to  inflict  blows; to inflict a wound with a dagger; to
   inflict  severe  pain  by  ingratitude;  to  inflict  punishment on an
   offender; to inflict the penalty of death on a criminal.

     What  heart  could  wish,  what  hand  inflict, this dire disgrace?

     The persecution and the pain That man inflicts on infero-ior kinds.


   In*flict"er (?), n. One who inflicts.

     Godis the sole and immadiate inflicter of such strokes. South.


   In*flic"tion (?), n. [L. inflictio: cf. F. infliction.]

   1.  The  act of inflicting or imposing; as, the infliction of torment,
   or of punishment.

   2.  That  which  is  inflicted  or  imposed,  as punishment, disgrace,
   calamity, etc.

     His  severest  inflictions  are  in  themselves acts of justice and
     righteousness. Rogers.


   In*flict"ive  (?), a. [Cf.F. inflictif.] Causing infliction; acting as
   an infliction. Whitehead.


   In`flo*res"cence  (?),  n.  [L. inflorescens, p.pr. of inflorescere to
   begin to blossom; pref. in- in + florescere to begin to blossom: cf.F.
   inflorescence. See Florescent.]

   1. A flowering; the putting forth and unfolding of blossoms.

   2.  (Bot.)  (a)  The mode of flowering, or the general arrangement and
   disposition  of  the  flowers  with reference to the axis, and to each
   other. (b) An axis on which all the flower buds.

     Inflorescence   affords   an   excellent   characteristic  mark  in
     distinguishing the species of plants. Milne.

   Centrifugal  inflorescence,  determinate inflorescence. -- Centripetal
   inflorescence, indeterminate inflorescence. See under Determinate, and


   In*flow" (?), v. i. To flow in. Wiseman.


   In"flu*ence  (?), n. [F. influence, fr. L. influens, -entis, p.pr. See
   Influent, and cf. Influenza.]

   1. A flowing in or upon; influx. [Obs.]

     God hath his influence into the very essence of all things. Hooker.

   2.  Hence,  in  general,  the bringing about of an effect, phusical or
   moral,  by  a  gradual  process;  controlling  power  quietly exerted;
   agency,  force, or tendency of any kind which the sun exerts on animal
   and  vegetable  life;  the  influence  of  education  on the mind; the
   influence, according to astrologers,of the stars over affairs.

     Astrologers  call  the  evil  influences of the stars,evil aspects.

     Cantsthou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands
     of Orion ? Job xxxviii. 31.

     She said : influence bad ?" Spenser.

   3.  Power  or  authority  arising  from elevated station, excelence of
   character   or   intellect,  wealth,  etc.;  reputation;  acknowledged
   ascendency; as, he is a man of influence in the community.

     Such influence hath your excellency. Sir P. Sidney.

   4.  (Elec.)  Induction. Syn. -- Control; persuasion; ascendency; sway;
   power;   authority;   supremacy;   mastery;   management;   restraint;
   character; reputation; prestige.


   In"flu*ence,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Influenced (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Influencing  (?).]  To control or move by power, physical or moral; to
   affect  by gentle action; to exert an influence upon; to modify, bias,
   or sway; to move; to persuade; to induce.

     Theseexperiments  succeed  after the same manner in vacuo as in the
     open air,and therefore are not influenced by the weight or pressure
     of the atmosphere. Sir I. Newton.

     This  standing  revelation  .  . . is sufficient to influence their
     faith and practice, if they attend. Attebury.

     The  principle  which  influenced  their  obedience  has  lost  its
     efficacy. Rogers.

   Page 761


   In"flu*en*cer (?), n. One who, or that which, influences.


   In"flu*en*cive (?), a. Tending toinfluence; influential.


   In"flu*ent (?), a. [L. influens, -entis, p. pr. of influere, influxum,
   to flow in; pref. in- in + fluere to flow. See Fluid.]

   1.  Flowing  in.  "With influent tide." Cowper. "Influent odors." Mrs.

   2. Exerting influence; influential. [Obs.]

     I  find  no  office by name assigned unto Dr.Cox, who was virtually
     influent upon all, and most active. Fuller.


   In`flen"tial (?), a. [See Influence.] Exerting or possessing influence
   or  power; potent; efficacious; effective; strong; having authority or
   ascendency; as, an influential man, station, argument, etc.

     A very influential Gascon prefix. Earle.


   In`flu*en"tial*ly, adv. In an influential manner.


   In`flu*en"za  (?),  n.  [It. influenza influence, an epidemic formerly
   attributed  by  astrologers  to  the influence of the heavenly bodies,
   influenza.  See Influence.] (Med.) An epidemic affection characterized
   by  acute  nasal  catarrh,  or  by  inflammation  of the throat or the
   bronchi, and usually accompanied by fever.


   In"flux` (?), n. [L. influxus, fr. influere, influxum, to flow in: cf.
   F. influx. See Influent.]

   1. The act of flowing in; as, an influx of light.

   2.  A  coming in; infusion; intromission; introduction; importation in
   abundance;  also,  that which flows or comes in; as, a great influx of
   goods into a country, or an influx of gold and silver.

     The  influx  of  food into the Celtic region, however, was far from
     keeping pace with the influx of consumers. Macaulau.

     The general influx of Greek into modern languages. Earle.

   3. Influence; power. [Obs.] Sir M. Hale.


   In*flux"ion  (?),  n.  [L. influxio : cf. F. influxion.] A flowing in;
   infusion. [R.] Bacon.


   In*flux"ious (?), a. Influential. [Obs.]


   In*flux"ive  (?),  a.  Having a tendency to flow in; having influence;
   influential. [R.] Holdsworth.


   In*flux"ive*ly, adv. By influxion. [R.]


   In*fold"  (?n-f?ld\'b6), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Infolded; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Infolding.] [Pref. in- in + fold.] [Written also enfold.]

   1.  To wrap up or cover with folds; to envelop; to inwrap; to inclose;
   to involve.

     Gilded tombs do worms infold. Shak.

     Infold his limbs in bands. Blackmore.

   2. To clasp with the arms; to embrace.

     Noble  Banquo, . . . let me infold thee, And hold thee to my heart.


   In*fold"ment  (?),  n.  The  act  of  infolding;  the  state  of being


   In*fo"li*ate  (?),  v. t. [Pref. in- in + L. folium leaf.] To cover or
   overspread with, or as with, leaves. [R.] Howell.


   In*form"  (?), a. [L. informis; pref. in- not + forma form, shape: cf.
   F. informe] Without regular form; shapeless; ugly; deformed. Cotton.


   In*form",  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Informed  (?);  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Informing.]  [OE.  enformen,  OF. enformer, F. informer. L. informare;
   pref. in- in + formare to form, share, fr. forma form. See Form.]

   1.  To  give form or share to; to give vital ororganizing power to; to
   give life to; to imbue and actuate with vitality; to animate; to mold;
   to figure; to fashion.

     "The informing Word." Coleridge.

     Let  others  better mold the running mass Of metals, and inform the
     breathing brass. Dryden.

     Breath informs this fleeting frame. Prior.

     Breathes in our soul,informs our mortal part. Pope.

   2.  To  communicate  knowledge  to;  to make known to; to acquaint; to
   advise;  to  instruct;  to  tell;  to notify; to enlighten; -- usually
   followed by of.

     For  he  would  learn  their business secretly, And then inform his
     master hastily. Spenser.

     I am informed thoroughky of the cause. Shak.

   3.  To  communicate  a  knowledge of facts to,by way of accusation; to
   warn against anybody.

     Tertullus . . . informed the governor against Paul. Acts xxiv. 1.

   Syn.  --  To  acquaint;  apprise;  tell;  teach;  instruct; enlighten;
   animate; fashion.


   In*form", v. t.

   1. To take form; to become visible or manifest; to appear. [Obs.]

     It is the bloody business which informs Thus to mine eyes. Shak.

   2. To give intelligence or information; to tell. Shak.

     He  might either teach in the same manner,or inform how he had been
     taught. Monthly Rev.

   To  inform against, to communicate facts by way of accusation against;
   to  denounce;  as,  two  persons  came to the magistrate, and informed
   against A.
   In*form"al (?), a. [Pref. in- not + formal.] 

   1.  Not  in  the regular, usual, or established form; not according to
   official,  conventional,  prescribed,  or  customary  forms  or rules;
   irregular;   hence,   without  ceremony;  as,  an  informal  writting,
   proceeding, or visit.

   2. Deranged in mind; out of one's senses. [Obs.]

     These poor informal women. Shak.


   In`for*mal"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Informalities (.

   1.  The  state  of  being  informal;  want  of regular, prescribed, or
   customary form; as, the informality of legal proceedings.

   2.  An  informal,  unconventional,  or  unofficial  act or proceeding;
   something  which  is  not  in  proper  or  prescribed form or does not
   conform to the established rule.


   In*form"al*ly (?), adv. In an informal manner.


   In*form"ant  (?),  n.  [L.  informans, -antis, p.pr. of informare. See
   Inform, v. t.]

   1.  One  who,  or  that  which, informs, animates, or vivifies. [Obs.]

   2. One who imparts information or instruction.

   3.  One  who offers an accusation; an informer. See Informer. [Obs. or

     It  was  the  last  evidence of the kind; the informant was hanged.


   In`for*ma"tion   (?),   n.  [F.,  fr.  L.  informatio  representation,
   cinception. See Inform, v. t.]

   1. The act of informing, or communicating knowledge or intelligence.

     The active informations of the intellect. South.

   2.  News,  advice, or knowledge, communicated by others or obtained by
   personal study and investigation; intelligence; knowledge derived from
   reading, observation, or instruction.

     Larger opportunities of information. Rogers.

     He should get some information in the subject he intends to handle.

   3.  (Law)  A proceeding in the nature of a prosecution for some offens
   against   the   government,   instituted  and  prosecuted,  really  or
   nominally,  by  some  authorized  public  officer  on  behalt  of  the
   government. It differs from an indictment in criminal cases chiefly in
   not being based on the finding of a grand juri. See Indictment.


   In*form"a*tive (?), a. Having power to inform, animate, or vivify. Dr.
   H. More.


   In*form"a*to*ry   (?),   a.   Full   of,  or  conveying,  information;
   instructive. [R.] London Spectator.


   In*formed"   (?n-f?rmd\'b6),  a.  Unformed  or  ill-formed;  deformed;
   shapeless. [Obs.] Spenser. Informed stars. See under Unformed.


   In*form"er (?), n. [From Inform,v.]

   1. One who informs, animates, or inspires. [Obs.] Thomson.

     Nature, informer of the poet's art. Pope.

   2. One who informs, or imparts knowledge or news.

   3.  (Law)  One  who informs a magistrate of violations of law; one who
   informs against another for violation of some law or penal statute.
   Common  informer  (Law),  one  who habitually gives information of the
   violation  of  penal  statutes, with a view to a prosecution therefor.
   Bouvier. Wharton.


   In*for"mi*da*ble   (?),  a.  [L.  informidabilis.  See  In-  not,  and
   Formidable.]  Not formidable; not to be feared or dreaded. [Obs.] "Foe
   not informidable." Milton.


   In*form"i*ty  (?),  n. [L. informitas. See Inform, a.] Want of regular
   form; shapelessness. [Obs.]


   In*form"ous  (?),  a.  [See  Inform, a.] Of irregular form; shapeless.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   In*for"tu*nate (?), a. [L. infortunatus.] Unlucky; unfortunate. [Obs.]

     "A most infortynate chance." Howell.

   - In*for"tu*nate*ly, adv. [Obs.]


   In*for"tune  (?),  n.  [L.  infortunium.  See  In-  not, and Fortune.]
   Misfortune. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   In*for"tuned (?), a. Unfortunate. [Obs.]

     I, woeful wretch and infortuned wight. Chaucer.


   In*found"  (?),  v.  t. [L. infundere to pour in. See Infuse.] To pour
   in; to infuse. [Obs.] Sir T. More.


   In*"fra  (?), adv. [L. Cf. Inferior.] Below; beneath; under; after; --
   often used as a prefix.


   In`fra-ax"il*la*ry  (?),  a. [Infra + axillary.] (Bot.) Situated below
   the axil, as a bud.


   In`fra*bran"chi*al  (?),  a. [Infra + branchial.] (Zo\'94l.) Below the
   gills; -- applied to the ventral portion of the pallial chamber in the


   In`fra*cla*vic"u*lar  (?),  a. [Infra + clavicular.] (Anat.) Below the
   clavicle; as, the infraclavicular fossa.


   In*fract"  (?n-fr\'b5kt\'b6),  a.  [L.  infractus;  pref.  in-  not  +
   fractus.  p.p.  of  frangere  to  break.]  Not  broken  or  fractured;
   unharmed; whole. [Obs.] Chapman.


   In*fract", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Infracted; p. pr. & vb. n. Infracting.]
   [L.  infractus,  p.p.  of  of  infringere. See Infringe.] To break; to
   infringe. [R.] Thomson.


   In*fract"i*ble (?), a. Capable of being broken.[R.]


   In*frac"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  infractio: cf. F. infraction.] The act of
   infracting    or    breaking;    breach;   violation;   nonobservance;
   infringement; as, an infraction of a treaty, compact, rule, or law. I.


   In*fract"or   (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  infracteur.]  One  who  infracts  or
   infringes; a violator; a breaker.


   In*fra"grant (?), a. Not fragrant.


   In`fra*hy"oid (?), a. [Infra + hyoid.] (Anat.) Same as Hyosternal (a).


   In`fra*la"bi*al  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Below the lower lip; -- said of
   certain scales of reptiles and fishes.


   In`fra*lap*sa"ri*an  (?), n. [Infra + lapse: cf. F. infralapsaire. See
   Lapse.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of that class of Calvinists who consider the
   decree of election as contemplating the apostasy as past and the elect
   as  being  at  the  time  of election in a fallen and guilty state; --
   opposed to Supralapsarian. The former considered the election of grace
   as  a  remedy  for an existing evil; the latter regarded the fall as a
   part of God's original purpose in regard to men.


   In`fra*lap*sa"ri*an,   a.   (Theor.)   Of   or   pertaining   to   the
   Infralapsarians, or to their doctrine.


   In`fra*lap*sa"ri*an*ism  (?),  n.  (Theor.)  The  doctrine, belief, or
   principles of the Inralapsarians.


   In`fra*mar"gin*al  (?),  a.  [Infra  +  marginal.]  Below  the margin;
   submarginal; as, an inframarginal convolution of the brain.


   In`fra*max"il*la*ry (?), a. [Infra + maxillary.] (Anat.) (a) Under the
   lower  jaw;  submaxillary;  as,  the  inframaxillary  nerve. (b) Of or
   pertaining to the lower iaw.


   In`fra*me"di*an  (?), a. [Infra + median.] (Zo\'94logical Geog.) Of or
   pertaining  to the interval or zone along the sea bottom, at the depth
   of between fifty and one hundred fathoms. E. Forbes.


   In`fra*mun"dane  (?),  a. [Infra + mundane.] Lying or situated beneath
   the world.


   In*fran"chise (?), v. t. See Enfranchise.


   In*fran`gi*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being infrangible;


   In*fran"gi*ble (?), a. [Pref. in- not + grangible: cf.F. infrangible.]

   1.   Not  capable  of  being  broken  or  separated  into  parts;  as,
   infrangible atoms.

     [He] link'd their fetlocks with a golden band Infrangible. Pope.

   2. Not to be infringed or violated.


   In*fran"gi*ble*ness,  n.  The  state  or quality of being infrangible;


   In`fra*oc"u*lar  (?),  a.  [Infra + ocular.] (Zo\'94l.) Situated below
   the eyes, as the antenna of certain insects.


   In`fra*or"bit*al  (?),  a. [Infra + orbital.] (Anat.) Below the orbit;
   as, the infraorbital foramen; the infraorbital nerve.


   In`fra*pose"  (?),  v.  t.  [Infra + pose.] To place under or beneath.


   In`fra*po*si"tion  (?), n. [Infra + position.] A situation or position
   beneath. Kane.


   In`fra*scap"u*lar  (?),  a.  [Infra  +  scapular.] (Anat.) Beneath the
   scapula, or shoulder blade; subscapular.


   In`fra*spi"nal  (?),  a.  [Infra  +  spinal.]  (Anat.)  (a)  Below the
   vertebral  column,  subvertebral.  (b)  Below the spine; infraspinate;

                          Infraspinate, Infraspinous

   In`fra*spi"nate   (?),  In`fra*spi*nous  (?),  a.  [Infra  +  spinate,
   spinous.]  (Anat.) Below the spine; infraspinal; esp., below the spine
   of the scapula; as, the infraspinous fossa; the infraspinate muscle.


   In`fra*sta*pe"di*al  (?),  a.  [Infra  +  stapedial.]  (Anat.)  Of  or
   pertaining  to  a  part  of  the  columella  of the ear, which in many
   animals  projects  below  the  connection  with  the stapes. -- n. The
   infrastapedial part of the columella.


   In`fra*ster"nal  (?), a. [Infra + sternal.] (Anat.) Below the sternum;
   as, the infrasternal depression, or pit of the stomach.


   In`fra*tem"po*ral  (?),  a.  [Infra  +  temporal.]  (Anat.)  Below the
   temple; below the temporal bone.


   In`fra*ter"ri*to"ri*al  (?),  a.  [Infra  +  territorial.]  Within the
   territory of a state. Story.


   In`fra*troch"le*ar  (?),  a.  [Infra  +  trochlear.]  (Anat.)  Below a
   trochlea, or pulley; -- applied esp. to one of the subdivisions of the
   trigeminal nerve.

                           Infrequence, Infrequency

   In*fre"quence  (?), In*fre"quen*cy (?), n. [L. infrequentia scantiness
   : cf. F. infrequence.]

   1.  The  state  of  rarely  occuring;  uncommonness; rareness; as, the
   infrquence of his visits.

   2. The state of not being frequented; solitude; isolation; retirement;
   seclusion. [R.]

     The solitude and infrequency of the place. Bp. Hall.


   In*fre"quent  (?),  a.  [L. infrquens : cf.F. infrequent. See In- not,
   and Frequent.] Seldom happening or occurring; rare; uncommon; unusual.

     The  act  whereof is at this day infrequent or out of use among all
     sorts of men. Sir T. Elyot.


   In*fre"quent*ly (?), adv. Not frequently; rarely.


   In*frig"i*date  (?),  v.  t.  [L. infrigidatus, p.p. of infrigidare to
   chill.  See  1st  In-,  and  Frigid.] To chill; to make cold; to cool.
   [Obs.] Boyle.


   In*frig`i*da"tion  (?),  n.  [L. infrigidatio.] The act of chilling or
   causing  to  become  cold;  a  chilling; coldness; congelation. [Obs.]


   In*fringe"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Infringed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Infringing (?).] [L. infringere; pref. in- in + frangere to break. See
   Fraction, and cf. Infract .]

   1. To break; to violate; to transgress; to neglect to fulfill or obey;
   as, to infringe a law or contract.

     If  the  first  that  did  the edict infringe, Had answered for his
     deed. Shak.

     The peace . . . was infringed by Appius Claudius. Golding.

   2.  To  hinder;  to  destroy;  as,  to  infringe efficacy; to infringe
   delight or power. [Obs.] Hooker.


   In*fringe", v. i.

   1.  To  break,  violate, or transgress some contract, rule, or law; to
   injure; to offend.

   2.  To  encroach;  to  trespass;  --  followed  by  on or upon; as, to
   infringe upon the rights of another.


   In*fringe"ment (?), n.

   1.  The  act of infringing; breach; violation; nonfulfillment; as, the
   infringement of a treaty, compact, law, or constitution.

     The  punishing  of this infringement is proper to that jurisdiction
     against which the contempt is. Clarendon.

   2. An encroachment on a patent, copyright, or other special privilege;
   a trespass.


   In*frin"ger (?), n. One who infringes or violates; a violator. Strype.


   In*fruc"tu*ose"  (?), a. [L.infructuosus. See In- not, and Fruit.] Not
   producing fruit; unfruitful; unprofitable. [R.] T. Adams.


   In*fru"gal  (?),  a.  Not frugal; wasteful; as, an infrugal expense of
   time. J. Goodman.


   In`fru*gif"er*ous (?), a. Not bearing fruit; not fructiferous.


   In`fu*cate  (?), v. t. [L. infucatus painted; pref. in- in + fucare to
   paint, dye. See Fucate.] To stain; to paint; to daub.


   In`fu*ca"tion  (?),  n. The act of painting or staining, especially of
   painting the face.


   In"fu*la  (?),  n.;  pl.  Infule  (#).  [L.]  A sort of fillet worn by
   dignitaries,  priests,  and  others  among  the ancient Romans. It was
   generally white.


   In"fu*mate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Infumated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Infumating.]  [L.infumatus, p.p. of infumare to infumate; pref. in- in
   +  fumare  to smoke, fr. fumus smoke.] To dry by exposing to smoke; to
   expose to smoke.


   In"fu*ma`ted (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Clouded; having a cloudy appearance.


   In`fu*ma"tion (?), n. Act of drying in smoke.


   In*fumed" (?), a. Dried in smoke; smoked.

   Page 762

                          Infundibular, Infundibulate

   In`fun*dib"u*lar  (?),  In`fun*dib"u*late  (?), a. [See Infundibulum.]
   Having   the   form  of  a  funnel;  pertaining  to  an  infundibulum.
   Infundibulate  Bryozoa  (Zo\'94l.),a  group of marine Bryozoa having a
   circular arrangement of the tentacles upon the disk.


   In`fun*dib"u*li*form  (?),  a. [L. infundibulum funnel + -form: cf. F.

   1. Having the form of a funnel or cone; funnel-shaped.

   2. (Bot.) Same as Funnelform.


   In`fun*dib"u*lum  (?),  n.;  pl.  L. Infundibula (#), E. Infundibulums
   (#). [L., a funnel, from infundere to pour in or into. See Infuse.]

   1.  (Anat.)  A  funnel-shaped  or  dilated  organ  or  part;  as,  the
   infundibulum  of  the brain, a hollow, conical process, connecting the
   floor  of the third ventricle with the pituitary body; the infundibula
   of the lungs, the enlarged terminations of the bronchial tubes.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) A central cavity in the Ctenophora, into which the
   gastric sac leads. (b) The siphon of Cephalopoda. See Cephalopoda.


   In*fu"ner*al  (?),  v. t. To inter with funeral rites; to bury. [Obs.]
   G. Fletcher.


   In`fur*ca"tion  (?),  n.  [Pref.  in-  in  +  L. furca fork.] A forked
   exlpansion or divergence; a bifurcation; a branching. Craig.


   In*fu"ri*ate   (?),  a.  [It.  infuriato,  p.  p.  of  infuriare.  See
   Infuriate,  v.  t.]  Enraged;  rading;  furiously  angry;  infuriated.

     Inflamed beyond the most infuriate wrath. Thomson.


   In*fu"ri*ate  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Infuriated (; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Infuriating]  [It.  infuriato, p. p. of infuriare; pref. in- (L. in) +
   furia  fury,  L.  furia.  See  Fury.] To render furious; to enrage; to

     Those  curls  of entangled snakes with which Erinys is said to have
     infuriated Athemas and Ino. Dr. H. More.


   In*fu"ri*a`ted (?), a. Enraged; furious.


   In*fus"cate  (?),  v. t. [L. infuscatus, p. p. of infuscare; pref. in-
   in + fuscare to make dark, fr. fuscus dark.] To darken; to make black;
   to obscure.


   In*fus"ca*ted (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Darkened with a blackish tinge.


   In`fus*ca"tion  (?),  n. The act of darkening, or state of being dark;
   darkness; obscurity. Johnson.


   In*fuse"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Infused (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Infusing.]  [L.  infusus,  p.p. of infundere to pour in or into; pref.
   in- in + fundere to pour: cf. F. infuser. See Found to cast.]

   1. To pour in, as a liquid; to pour (into or upon); to shed.

     That strong Circean liquor cease to infuse. Denham.

   2. To instill, as principles or qualities; to introduce.

     That  souls  of  animals  infuse themselves Into the trunks of men.

     Why  should  he desire to have qualities infused into his son which
     himself never possessd? Swift.

   3. To inspire; to inspirit or animate; to fill; -- followed by with.

     Infuse his breast with magnanimity. Shak.

     Infusing him with self and vain conceit. Shak.

   4.  To  steep in water or other fluid without boiling, for the propose
   of extracting medicinal qualities; to soak.

     One scruple of dried leaves is infused in ten ounces of warm water.

   5.  To  make  an  infusion  with,  as  an  ingredient; to tincture; to
   saturate. [R.] Bacon.


   In*fuse, n. Infusion. [Obs.] Spenser.


   In*fus"er (?), n. One who, or that which, infuses.


   In*fu`si*bil"i*ty  (?), n. [From Infuse.] Capability of being infused,
   pouredin, or instilled.


   In*fu`si*bil"i*ty,   n.   [Pref.   in-   not   +  fusibility:  cf.  F.
   infusibilit\'82.]  Incapability  or difficulty of being fused, melted,
   or dissolved; as, the infusibility of carbon.


   In*fu"si*ble (?), a. [From Infuse, v.] Capable of being infused.

     Doctrines being infusible into all. Hammond.


   In*fu"si*ble,  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  + fusible: cf. F. infusible.] Not
   fusible;  incapble  or  difficalt  of fusion, or of being dissolved or
   melted. Sir T. Browne.

     The   best  crucibles  are  made  of  Limoges  earth,  which  seems
     absolutely infusible. Lavoisier (Trans. ).


   In*fu"si*ble*ness, n. Infusibility.


   In*fu"sion  (?),  n.  [L.  infusio  a pouring in: cf. F. infusion. See
   Infuse, v. t.]

   1.  The  act of infusing, pouring in, or instilling; instillation; as,
   the  infusion  of good principles into the mind; the infusion of ardor
   or zeal.

     Our  language  has received innumerable elegancies and improvements
     from that infusion of Hebraisms. Addison.

   2. That which is infused; suggestion; inspiration.

     His  folly  and  his  wisdom are of his oun growth, not the echo or
     infusion of other men. Swift.

   3.  The  act  of  plunging  or dipping into a fluid; immersion. [Obs.]
   "Baptism by infusion." Jortin.

   4.  (Pharmacy)  (a)  The  act  or  process  of steeping or soaking any
   substance  in  water  in  order to extract its virtues. (b) The liquid
   extract obtained by this process.

     Sips meek infusion of a milder herb. Cowper.


   In*fu"sion*ism  (?),  n.  The doctrine that the soul is preexistent to
   the body, and is infused into it at conception or birth; -- opposed to
   tradicianism and creationism.


   In*fu"sive   (?),   a.   Having  the  power  of  infusion;  inspiring;

     The infusive force of Spirit on man. Thomson.


   In`fu*so"ri*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.;  --  so  called  because  found in
   infusions  which  are left exposed to the air for a time. See Infuse.]
   (Zo\'94l.) One of the classes of Protozoa, including a large number of
   species, all of minute size.

     NOTE: &hand; They are found in all seas, lakes, ponds, and streams,
     as  well as in infusions of organic matter exposed to the air. They
     are  distinguished  by having vibrating lashes or cilia, with which
     they  obtain  their  food  and swim about.They are devided into the
     orders  Flagellata,  Ciliata, and Tentaculifera. See these words in
     the  Vocabulary.  Formely  the  term  Infusoria  was applied to all
     microscopic organisms found in water, including many minute plants,
     belonging  to  the  diatoms, as well as minute animals belonging to
     various  classes,  as  the  Rotifera,  which  are  worms;  and  the
     Rhizopoda,  which  constitute  a distinct class of Protozoa. Fossil
     Infusoria  are  mostly  the  siliceous shells of diatoms; sometimes
     they  are  siliceous  skeletons  of  Radiolaria,  or the calcareous
     shells of Foraminifera.


   In`fu*so"ri*al (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Belonging to the Infusoria; composed
   of,  or  containing, Infusoria; as, infusorial earth. Infusorial earth
   (Geol.),  a  deposit  of  fine,  usually  white,  siliceous  material,
   composed  mainly  of  the  shells  of  the  microscopic  plants called
   diatoms.  It  is  used  in polishing powder, and in the manufacture of
   dynamite.<-- = kieselguhr -->
   In`fu*so"ri*an (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Infusoria. 


   In*fu"so*ry (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Infusorial.


   In*fu"so*ry   (?),  n.;  pl.  Infusories  (.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  the
   Infusoria; -- usually in the pl.


   -ing (?).

   1.  [For  OE.  -and,  -end,  -ind,  AS. -ende; akin to Goth. -and-, L.
   -ant-,  -ent-,  Gr.  A  suffix  used  to from present participles; as,
   singing, playing.

   2. [OE. -ing, AS. -ing, -ung.] A suffix used to form nouns from verbs,
   and  signifying  the act of; the result of the act; as, riding, dying,
   feeling.  It  has  also  a  secondary  collective force; as, shipping,

     NOTE: &hand; Th e Ol d English ending of the present participle and
     verbal noun became confused, both becoming -ing.

   3.  [AS.  -ing.]  A  suffix  formerly  used  to  form diminutives; as,
   lording, farthing.


   Ing  (?),  n. [AS. ing.] A pasture or meadow; generally one lying low,
   near a river. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]


   In`gan*na"tion  (?),  n. [LL. ingannare to decieve.] Cheat; deception.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Brown.


   In"gate` (, n.

   1. Entrance; ingress. [Obs.]

     Which hath in charge the ingate of the year. Spenser.

   2.  (Fonding)  The  aperture  in  a mold for pouring in the metal; the
   gate. Simmonds.


   In"gath`er*ing  (?), n. The act or business of gathering or collecting
   anything;  especially,  the  gathering  of  the  fruits  of the earth;

     Thou shalt keep . . . the feast of ingathering. Ex. xxii. 16.


   In*gel"a*ble (?), a. Not congealable.


   In*gem"i*nate  (?),  a.  [L.  ingeminatus, p. p.] Redoubled; repeated.
   Jer. Taylor.


   In*gem"i*nate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ingeminated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Ingeminating (?).] [L. ingeminatus, p. p. of ingeminare to double;
   pref.  in-  in  +  geminare.  See Geminate.] To redouble or repeat; to
   reiterate. Clarendon.

     .  .  .  She yet ingeminates The last of sounds, and what she hears
     relates. Sandys.


   In*gem`i*na"tion  (?),  n.  Repetition; reduplication; reiteration. De

     That Sacred ingemination, Amen, Amen. Featley.

     Happiness with an echo or ingemination. Holdsworth.


   In*ge"na (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The gorilla.


   In*gen"der (?), v. t. See Engender.


   In*gen`er*a*bil"l*ty   (?),  n.  Incapacity  of  being  engendered  or
   produced. Cudworth.


   In*gen"er*a*ble   (?),   a.   [Pref.  in-  not  +  generable:  cf.  F.
   ingenerable.]  Incapble  of  being  engendered  or produced; original.


   In*gen"er*a*bly, adv. In an ingenerable manner.


   In*gen"er*ate  (?),  a.  [L.  ingeneratus,  p.  p.  of ingenerare. See
   engender]  Generated  within; inborn; innate; as, ingenerate powers of
   body. W. Wotton.

     Those  virtues  were  rather  feigned  and affected . . . than true
     qualities ingenerate in his judgment. Bacon.


   In*gen"er*ate  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ingenerat (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ingenerating  (?).]  To  generate  or  produce  within;  to begete; to
   engener; to occasion; to cause. Mede.

     Those noble habits are ingenerated in the soul. Sir M. Hale.


   In*gen`er*a"tion (?), n. Act of ingenerating.


   In*ge"ni*ate  (?), v. t. & i. [See Ingenious.] To invent; to contrive.
   [Obs.] Daniel.


   In"ge*nie (?), n. [Obs.] See Ingeny.


   In*ge`ni*os"i*ty   (?),   n.  [LL.  ingeniositas.]  Ingenuity;  skill;
   cunning. [Obs.] Cudworth.


   In*gen"ious  (?),  a.  [L.  ingeniosus, fr. ingenium innate or natural
   quality, natural capacity, genius: cf. F. ing\'82nieux. See Engine.]

   1. Possessed of genius, or the faculty of invention; skillful or promp
   to   invent;   having   an  aptitude  to  contrive,  or  to  form  new
   combinations; as, an ingenious author, mechanic.

     A man . . . very wise and ingenious in feats of war. Hakluyt.

     Thou, king, send out For torturers ingenious. Shak.

     The  more  ingenious  men  are,  the  more  apt are they to trouble
     themselves. Sir W. Temple.

   2.  Proseeding  from,  pertaining  to,  or characterized by, genius or
   ingenuity;   of  curious  design,  structure,  or  mechanism;  as,  an
   ingenious model, or machine; an ingenious scheme, contrivance, etc.

     Thus men go wrong with an ingenious skill. Cowper.

   3. Witty; shrewd; adroit; keen; sagacious; as, an ingenious reply.

   4. Mental; intellectual. [Obs.]

     A course of learning and ingenious studies. Shak.


   In*gen"ious*ly  (?),  adv.  In  an  ingenious  manner; with ingenuity;
   skillfully; wittily; cleverly.

     "Too ingeniously politic." Sir W. Temple.


   In*gen"ious*ness,   n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  ingenious;

                               Ingenite Ingenit

   In*gen"ite  In*gen"it  (?),  a.  [L.  ingenitus, p. p. of ingignere to
   instill  by  birthor  nature;  pref.  in- + gignere to beget.] Innate;
   inborn; inbred; inherent; native; ingenerate. [Obs.]

     It  is naturalor ingenite, which comes by some defect of the organs
     and overmuch brain. Burton.


   In`ge*nu"i*ty   (?),   n.   [L.   ingenuitas   ingenuousness:  cf.  F.
   ing\'82nuit\'82. See Ingenuous.]

   1.  The quality or power of ready invention; quickness or acuteness in
   forming   new   combinations;  ingeniousness;  skill  in  devising  or

     All the means which human ingenuity has contrived. Blair.

   2.  Curiousness,  or  cleverness  in  design  or  contrivance; as, the
   ingenuity of a plan, or of mechanism.

     He gives . . . To artist ingenuity and skill. Cowper.

   3. Openness of heat; ingeniuousness. [Obs.]

     The  stings  and remores of natural ingenuity, a principle that men
     scarcely  ever  shake  off, as long as they carry anything of human
     nature about them. South.

   Syn.  --  Inventiveness;  ingeniousness;  skill;  cunning; cleverness;
   genius.  --  Ingenuity, Cleverness. Ingenuity is a form of genius, and
   cleverness  of  talent.  The  former  implies  invention, the letter a
   peculiar  dexterity  and  readiness of execution. Sir James Mackintosh
   remarks  that  the  English  overdo  in the use of the word clever and
   cleverness, applying them loosely to almost every form of intellectual


   In*gen"u*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  ingenuus inborn, innate, freeborn, noble,
   frank;  pref.  in-  in + the root of gignere to beget. See Genius, and
   cf. Ingenious.]

   1.  Of  honorable  extraction; freeborn; noble; as, ingenuous blood of

   2.  Noble; generous; magnanimous; honorable; uprigth; high-minded; as,
   an ingenuous ardor or zeal.

     If an ingenuous detestation of falsehood be but carefully and early
     instilled,   that   is  the  true  and  genuin  method  to  obviate
     dishonesty. Locke.

   3.  Free from reserve, disguise, equivocation, or dissimulation; open;
   frank;  sa,  an  ingenuous  man; an ingenuous declaration, confession,

     Sensible  in  myself . . . what a burden it is for me, who would be
     ingenuous, to be loaded with courtesies which he hath not the least
     hope to requite or deserve. Fuller.

   4. Ingenious. [Obs.] Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; (Formerly) printers did not discriminate between . . .
     ingenuous  and  ingenious,  and  these  words  were  used or rather
     printed  interchangeably  almost  to the begining of the eighteenth

   G. P. Marsh. Syn. -- Open; frank; unreserved; artless; plain; sincere;
   candid;  fair;  noble; generous. -- Ingenuous, Open, Frank. One who is
   open  speaks  out  at  once  what is uppermost in his mind; one who is
   frank  does  it from a natural boldness, or dislike of self-restraint;
   one   who  is  ingenuous  is  actuated  by  a  native  simplicity  and
   artlessness,  which make him willing to confess faults, and make known
   his sentiments without reserve. See Candid.


   In*gen"u*ous*ly,   adv.   In  an  ingenuous  manner;  openly;  fairly;
   candidly; artlessly.

     Being  required  to  explane  himself,  he  ingeniously  confessed.


   In*gen"u*ous*ness, n.

   1.  The  state  or  quality  of  being  ingenuous;  openness of heart;

   2. Ingenuity. [Obs.] Fuller.


   In"ge*ny (?), n. [L. ingenium. See Ingenious.] Natural gift or talent;
   ability; wit; ingenuity. [Obs.] [Written also ingenie.] Becon.


   In*ger"mi*nate (?), v. t. To cause to germinate.


   In*gest"  (?),  v. t. [L. ingenium, p. p. of ingerere to put in; pref.
   in-  in  +  gerere  to bear.] To take into, or as into, the stomach or
   alimentary canal. Sir T. Browne.


   In*ges"ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Ingest.] (Physiol.) That which is
   introduced  into  the  body  by  the  stomach  or alimentary canal; --
   opposed to egesta.


   In*ges"tion  (?),  n.  [L. ingestio: cf. F. ingestion.] (Physiol.) The
   act  of  taking or putting into the stomach; as, the ingestion of milk
   or other food.


   In*ghal"la  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) The reedbuck of South Africa. [Written
   also ingali.]


   In*girt" (?), v. t. [See Ingirt.] To encircle to gird; to engirt.

     The wreath is ivy that ingirts our beams. Drayton.


   In*girt", a. Surrounded; encircled. Fenton.


   In"gle  (?),  n.  [Gael. & Ir. aingeali fire; cf. L. igniculusi spark,
   dim.  of  ignis  fire. Cf. Ignite.] Flame; blaze; a fire; a fireplace.
   [Obs.  or Scot.] Burns. Ingle nock, the chimney corner. -- Ingle side,
   Ingle cheek, the fireside.


   In"gle,  n.  [Written  also  engle, enghle: cf. Gael. & Ir. aingeal an
   angel.  Cf.  Engle.]  A paramour; a favourite; a sweetheart; an engle.
   [Obs.] Toone.

   Page 763


   In"gle (?), v. t. To cajole or coax; to wheedle. See Engle. [Obs.]


   In*glo"bate  (?),  a.  In the form of a globe or sphere; -- applied to
   nebulous matter collected into a sphere by the force of gravitation.


   In*globe" (?), v. t. To infix, as in a globe; to fix or secure firmly.
   [Obs.] Milton.


   In*glo"ri*ous  (?),  a.  [L. inglorious; pref. in- not + gloria glory,
   fame: cf. F. inglorieux. See Glory.]

   1.  Not  glorious;  not  bringing honor or glory; not accompanied with
   fame,  honor, or celebrity; obscure; humble; as, an inglorious life of
   ease. Shak.

     My next desire is, void of care and strife, To lead a soft, secure,
     inglorious life. Dryden.

     Some mute inglorious Milton here may rest. Gray.

   2.  Shameful; disgraceful; ignominious; as, inglorious flight, defeat,

     Inglorious shelter in an alien land. J. Philips.


   In*glo"ri*ous*ly,  adv.  In  an  inglorious manner; dishonorably; with
   shame; ignominiously; obscurely.


   In*glo"ri*ous*ness, n. The state of being inglorious.


   In*glut" (?), v. t. To glut. [R.] Ascham.


   In*glu"vi*al  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the indulges or
   crop of birds.


   In*glu"vi*es (?), n. [L.] (Anat.) The crop, or craw, of birds.


   In*glu"vi*ous (?), a. Gluttonous. [Obs.] Blount.


   In"-go`ing (?), n. The act of going in; entrance.


   In"-go`ing, a. Going; entering, as upon an office or a possession; as,
   an in-going tenant.


   In*gorge" (?), v. t. & i. See Engorge. Milton.


   In"got  (?),  n.  [Prob.  from  AS.  in in + ge\'a2tan to pour: cf. F.
   linglot, LL. lingotus a mass of gold or silver, extended in the manner
   of a tongue, and G. einguss, LG. & OE. ingot ingot, a mold for casting
   metals in. See Found to cast, and cf. Linget, Lingot, Nugget.]

   1. That in which metal is cast; a mold. [Obs.]

     And  from  the  fire  he took up his matter And in the ingot put it
     with merry cheer. Chaucer.

   2.  A bar or wedge of steel, gold, or other malleable metal, cast in a
   mold; a mass of unwrought cast metal.

     Wrought ingots from Besoara's mine. Sir W. Jones.

   Ingot mold, a box or mold in which ingots are cast. -- Ingot iron. See
   Decarbonized steel, under Decarbonize.


   In*grace"  (?), v. t. [Pref. in- in + grace.] To ingratiate. [Obs.] G.


   In*gra"cious  (?),  a. [Pref. in- not + gracious.] Ungracious; unkind.
   [Obs.] Holland.


   In*graff" (?), v. t. See Ingraft. [Obs.]


   In*graft"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Ingrafted;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ingrafting.] [Written also engraft.]

   1.  To  insert, as a scion of one tree, shrub, or plant in another for
   propagation;   as,   to   ingraft  a  peach  scion  on  a  plum  tree;
   figuratively,  to  insert or introduce in such a way as to make a part
   of something.

     This fellow would ingraft a foreign name Upon our stock. Dryden.

     A custom . . . ingrafted into the monarchy of Rome. Burke.

   2.  To  subject  to the process of grafting; to furnish with grafts or
   scions; to graft; as, to ingraft a tree.


   In*graft"er (?), n. A person who ingrafts.


   In*graft"ment (?), n.

   1. The act of ingrafting.

   2. The thing ingrafted; a scion.


   In"grain`  (?;  277),  a.  [Pref.  in- in + grain kermes. See Engrain,

   1. Dyed with grain, or kermes. [Obs.]

   2.  Dyed  before  manufacture,  --  said  of the material of a textile
   fabric;  hence, in general, thoroughly inwrought; forming an essential
   part of the substance.
   Ingrain  carpet, a double or two-ply carpet. -- Triple ingrain carpet,
   a three-ply carpet.


   In"grain`, n. An ingrain fabric, as a carpet.


   In"grain`  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Ingrained (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ingraining.] [Written also engrain.]

   1. To dye with or in grain or kermes.

   2. To dye in the grain, or before manufacture.

   3.  To  work  into  the  natural  texture  or into the mental or moral
   constitution of; to stain; to saturate; to imbue; to infix deeply.

     Our fields ingrained with blood. Daniel.

     Cruelty  and  jealousy  seem to be ingrained in a man who has these
     vices at all. Helps.


   In*grap"ple  (?),  v.  t. & i. To seize; to clutch; to grapple. [Obs.]


   In"grate`  (?;  277),  a.  [L.  ingratus. See Ingrateful.] Ingrateful.
   [Obs. or Poetic] Bacon.


   In"grate`, n. An ungrateful person. Milton.


   In"grate`ful  (?),  a. [L. ingratus ingrateful (pref. in- not + gratus
   beloved, dear, grateful) + -ful: cf. F. ingrat. See Grateful.]

   1. Ungrateful; thankless; unappreciative. Milton.

     He proved extremely false and ingrateful to me. Atterbury.

   2. Unpleasing to the sense; distasteful; offensive.

     He gives . . . no ingrateful food. Milton.

   -- In"grate`ful*ly, adv. -- In"grate`ful*ness, n.


   In"grate`ly (?), adv. Ungratefully. [Obs.]


   In*gra"ti*ate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ingratiated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Ingratiating (?).] [Pref. in- in + L. gratia. See Grace.]

   1.  To  introduce  or  commend  to the favor of another; to bring into
   favor;  to insinuate; -- used reflexively, and followed by with before
   the person whose favor is sought.

     Lysimachus  .  .  .  ingratiated  himself  both with Philip and his
     pupil. Budgell.

   2.  To  recommend;  to  render  easy  or agreeable; -- followed by to.
   [Obs.] Dr. J. Scott.

     What difficulty would it [the love of Christ] not ingratiate to us?


   In*gra"ti*ate, v. i. To gain favor. [R.] Sir W. Temple.


   In*grat"i*tude  (?), n. [F. ingratitude, L. ingratitudo. See Ingrate.]
   Want  of  gratitude; insensibility to, forgetfulness of, or ill return
   for, kindness or favors received; unthankfulness; ungratefulness.

     Ingratitude, thou marble-hearted fiend. Shak.

     Ingratitude is abhorred both by God and man. L'Estrange.


   In*grave"  (?), v. t. To engrave. [R.] "Whose gleaming rind ingrav'n."


   In*grave",  v. t. [Pref. in- in + grave. Cf. Engrave.] To bury. [Obs.]


   In*grav"i*date  (?),  v.  t. [L. ingravidatus, p. p. of ingravidare to
   impregnate.  See  1st  In-,  and  Gravidated.]  To  impregnate. [Obs.]


   In*grav`i*da"tion  (?), n. The state of being pregnant or impregnated.


   In*great"  (?),  v.  t.  To make great; to enlarge; to magnify. [Obs.]

                           Ingredience, Ingrediency

   In*gre"di*ence (?), In*gre"di*en*cy (?), n. [See Ingredient.]

   1. Entrance; ingress. [Obs.] Sir M. Hale.

   2.  The  quality  or  state  of being an ingredient or component part.


   In*gre"di*ent  (?),  n.  [F.  ingr\'82dient,  L.  ingrediens,  -entis,
   entering  into,  p.  pr.  of  ingredi, p. p. ingressus, to go into, to
   enter; pref. in- in + gradi to walk, go. See Grade.] That which enters
   into a compound, or is a component part of any combination or mixture;
   an element; a constituent.

     By  way  of  analysis we may proceed from compounds to ingredients.
     Sir I. Newton.

     Water  is the chief ingredient in all the animal fluids and solids.


   In*gre"di*ent,  a. Entering as, or forming, an ingredient or component

     Acts where no sin is ingredient. Jer. Taylor.


   In"gress (?), n. [L. ingressus, fr. ingredi. See Ingredient.]

   1.  The  act  of  entering;  entrance; as, the ingress of air into the

   2.  Power or liberty of entrance or access; means of entering; as, all
   ingress was prohibited.

   3.  (Astron.) The entrance of the moon into the shadow of the earth in
   eclipses, the sun's entrance into a sign, etc.


   In"gress (?), v. i. To go in; to enter. [R.]


   In*gres"sion  (?),  n.  [L.  ingressio:  cf.  F.  ingression.]  Act of
   entering; entrance. Sir K. Digby.


   In*grieve (?), v. t. To render more grievous; to aggravate. [Obs.] Sir
   P. Sidney.


   In*groove"  (?),  v.  t.  To  groove  in; to join in or with a groove.


   In*gross" (?), v. t. See Engross.


   In"grow`ing  (?),  a.  Growing  or  appearing  to grow into some other
   substance.  Ingrowing  nail,  one whose edges are becoming imbedded in
   the adjacent flesh.


   In"growth` (?), n. A growth or development inward. J. LeConte.


   In"guen (?), n. [L. inguen, inguinis.] (Anat.) The groin.


   In*guilt"y (?), a. Not guilty. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   In"gui*nal  (?),  a.  [L. inguinalis, fr. inguen, inguinis, the groin:
   cf.  F.  inguinal.]  (Astron.  &  Med.) Of or pertaining to, or in the
   region  of,  the  inguen  or groin; as, an inguinal canal or ligament;
   inguinal hernia. Inguinal ring. See Abdominal ring, under Abdominal.


   In*gulf"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Ingulfed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ingulfing.]  [Cf.  Engulf.]  [Written  also  engulf.] To swallow up or
   overwhelm in, or as in, a gulf; to cast into a gulf. See Engulf.

     A river large . . . Passed underneath ingulfed. Milton.


   In*gulf"ment  (?),  n.  The  act  of  ingulfing, or the state of being


   In*gur"gi*tate  (?),  v.  t. [L. ingurgitatus, p. p. of ingurgitare to
   pour in; pref. in- in + gurges whirlpool, gulf.]

   1.  To  swallow,  devour,  or  drink greedily or in large quantity; to
   guzzle. Cleveland.

   2. To swallow up, as in a gulf. Fotherby.


   In*gur"gi*tate, v. i. To guzzle; to swill. Burton.


   In*gur`gi*ta"tion (?), n. [L. ingurgitatio: cf. F. ingurgitation.] The
   act   of  swallowing  greedily  or  immoderately;  that  which  is  so
   swallowed. E. Darwin.

     He  drowned  his  stomach  and  senses  with  a  large  draught and
     ingurgitation of wine. Bacon.


   In*gust"a*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  ingustabilis.  See Gustable.] Tasteless;
   insipid. Sir T. Browne.


   In*hab"ile  (?),  a.  [L. inhabilis: cf. F. inhabile. See In- not, and
   Habile, and cf. Unable.]

   1.  Not  apt or fit; unfit; not convenient; inappropriate; unsuitable;
   as, inhabile matter. [Obs.]

   2.  Unskilled;  unready; awkward; incompetent; unqualified; -- said of
   person. [Obs.] See Unable.


   In`ha*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  inhabilet\'82,  inhabilit\'82. See
   Inability.]  Unsuitableness;  unaptness;  unfitness; inability. [Obs.]


   In*hab"it  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inhabited;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inhabiting.]  [OE.  enhabiten, OF. enhabiter, L. inhabitare; pref. in-
   in + habitare to dwell. See Habit.] To live or dwell in; to occupy, as
   a  place of settled residence; as, wild beasts inhabit the forest; men
   inhabit cities and houses.

     The high and lofty One, that inhabiteth eternity. Is. lvii. 15.

     O, who would inhabit This bleak world alone? Moore.


   In*hab"it,  v.  i. To have residence in a place; to dwell; to live; to
   abide. [Archaic or Poetic] Shak.

     They say wild beasts inhabit here. Waller.


   In*hab"it*a*ble  (?),  a.  [L. inhabitabilis. See Inhabit.] Capable of
   being inhabited; habitable.

     Systems of inhabitable planets. Locke.


   In*hab"it*a*ble,  a.  [L.  inhabitabilis:  cf. F. inhabitable. See In-
   not,  and  Habitable.]  Not  habitable;  not suitable to be inhabited.

     The frozen ridges of the Alps Or other ground inhabitable. Shak.

                           Inhabitance, Inhabitancy

   In*hab"it*ance (?), In*hab"it*an*cy (?), n.

   1.  The  act  of  inhabiting,  or  the  state  of being inhabited; the
   condition of an inhabitant; residence; occupancy.

     Ruins  yet  resting in the wild moors testify a former inhabitance.

   2.  (Law) The state of having legal right to claim the privileges of a
   recognized  inhabitant;  especially,  the  right to support in case of
   poverty, acquired by residence in a town; habitancy.


   In*hab"it*ant (?), n. [L. inhabitans, -antis, p. pr. of inhabitare.]

   1.  One who dwells or resides permanently in a place, as distinguished
   from  a  transient  lodger or visitor; as, an inhabitant of a house, a
   town, a city, county, or state. "Frail inhabitants of earth." Cowper.

     In  this  place,  they  report that they saw inhabitants which were
     very fair and fat people. Abp. Abbot.

   2.  (Law) One who has a legal settlement in a town, city, or parish; a
   permanent resident.


   In*hab"i*tate (?), v. t. To inhabit. [Obs.]


   In*hab`i*ta"tion (?), n. [L. inhabitatio a dwelling.]

   1. The act of inhabiting, or the state of being inhabited; indwelling.

     The inhabitation of the Holy Ghost. Bp. Pearson.

   2. Abode; place of dwelling; residence. [Obs.] Milton.

   3. Population; inhabitants. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

     The  beginning  of  nations and of the world's inhabitation. Sir W.


   In*hab"it*a*tive*ness  (?),  n. (Phrenol.) A tendency or propensity to
   permanent residence in a place or abode; love of home and country.


   In*hab"it*ed, a. Uninhabited. [Obs.] Brathwait.


   In*hab"it*er (?), n. An inhabitant. [R.] Derham.


   In*hab"it*ive*ness (?), n. (Phrenol.) See Inhabitativeness.

     What the phrenologists call inhabitiveness. Lowell.


   In*hab"it*ress, n. A female inhabitant. [R.]


   In*hal"ant (?), a. [Cf. F. inhalant.] Inhaling; used for inhaling.


   In*hal"ant  (?),  n.  An apparatus also called an inhaler (which see);
   that which is to be inhaled.


   In`ha*la"tion  (?), n. [Cf. F. inhalation.] The act of inhaling; also,
   that which is inhaled.


   In*hale"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inhaled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inhaling.]  [L.  inhalare  to  breathe  upon; pref. in- in + halare to
   breathe:  cf.  F.  inhaler.  Cf.  Exhale.] To breathe or draw into the
   lungs; to inspire; as, to inhale air; -- opposed to exhale.

     Martin was walking forth to inhale the fresh breeze of the evening.


   In*hal"ent  (?), a. Used for inhaling; as, the inhalent end of a duct.


   In*hal"er (?), n.

   1. One who inhales.

   2. An apparatus for inhaling any vapor or volatile substance, as ether
   or chloroform, for medicinal purposes.

   3. A contrivance to filter, as air, in order to protect the lungs from
   inhaling  damp  or  cold  air,  noxious  gases,  dust, etc.; also, the
   respiratory apparatus for divers.


   In*hance" (?), v. t. See Enhance.

                           Inharmonic, Inharmonical

   In`har*mon"ic    (?),   In`har*mon"ic*al   (?),   a.   Not   harmonic;
   inharmonious; discordant; dissonant.


   In`har*mo"ni*ous   (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  harmonious:  cf.  F.

   1. Not harmonious; unmusical; discordant; dissonant.

     Sounds inharmonious in themselves and harsh. Cowper.

   2. Conflicting; jarring; not in harmony.


   In`har*mo"ni*ous*ly, adv. Without harmony.


   In`har*mo"ni*ous*ness,  n.  The quality of being inharmonious; want of
   harmony; discord.

     The inharmoniousness of a verse. A. Tucker.


   In*har"mo*ny (?), n. Want of harmony.

                               Inhaul, Inhauler

   In"haul`  (?),  In"haul`er  (?), n. (Naut.) A rope used to draw in the
   jib boom, or flying jib boom.


   In*hearse"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Inhearsed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inhearsing.] To put in, or as in, a hearse or coffin. Shak.


   In*here"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inhered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inhering.]  [L.  inhaerere; pref. in- in + haerere to stick, hang. See
   Hesitate.]  To  be inherent; to stick (in); to be fixed or permanently
   incorporated  with something; to cleave (to); to belong, as attributes
   or qualities.

     They do but inhere in the subject that supports them. Digby.

                             Inherence, Inherency

   In*her"ence (?), In*her"en*cy (?), n. [Cf. F. inh\'82rence.] The state
   of inhering; permanent existence in something; innateness; inseparable
   and essential connection. Jer. Taylor.


   In*her"ent  (?), a. [L. inhaerens, -entis, p. pr. of inhaerere: cf. F.
   inh\'82rent.   See   Inhere.]   Permanently   existing  in  something;
   inseparably  attached  or  connected; naturally pertaining to; innate;
   inalienable;  as,  polarity  is an inherent quality of the magnet; the
   inherent  right  of  men  to  life,  liberty,  and protection. "A most
   inherent baseness." Shak.

     The sore disease which seems inherent in civilization. Southey.

   Syn.   --   Innate;   inborn;   native;  natural;  inbred;  inwrought;
   inseparable; essential; indispensable.


   In*her"ent*ly, adv. By inherence; inseparably.

     Matter  hath  inherently  and  essentially such an internal energy.


   In*her"it  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inherited;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inheriting.]  [OE.  enheriten  to  inherit, to give a heritage to, OF.
   enheriter  to  appoint  as  an  heir,  L. inhereditare; pref. in- in +
   hereditare to inherit, fr. heres heir. See Heir.]

   1.  (Law) To take by descent from an ancestor; to take by inheritance;
   to  take  as heir on the death of an ancestor or other person to whose
   estate one succeeds; to receive as a right or title descendible by law
   from  an  ancestor  at  his decease; as, the heir inherits the land or
   real  estate  of his father; the eldest son of a nobleman inherits his
   father's title; the eldest son of a king inherits the crown.

   Page 764

   2.  To  receive  or  take  by  birth;  to have by nature; to derive or
   acquire  from  ancestors,  as  mental  or  physical  qualities; as, he
   inherits a strong constitution, a tendency to disease, etc.

     Prince  Harry  is  valiant;  for  the  cold  blood he did naturally
     inherit  of  his father he hath . . . manured . . . with good store
     of fertile sherris. Shak.

   3.  To  come  into  possession  of;  to possess; to own; to enjoy as a

     But the meek shall inherit the earth. Ps. xxxvii. 11.

     To  bury  so much gold under a tree, And never after to inherit it.

   4. To put in possession of. [R.] Shak.


   In*her"it  (?),  v. i. To take or hold a possession, property, estate,
   or rights by inheritance.

     Thou shalt not inherit our father's house. Judg. xi. 2.


   In*her`it*a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  of  being inheritable or
   descendible to heirs. Jefferson.


   In*her"it*a*ble (?), a.

   1.  Capable  of  being inherited; transmissible or descendible; as, an
   inheritable estate or title. Blackstone.

   2.  Capable of being transmitted from parent to child; as, inheritable
   qualities or infirmities.

   3.   [Cf.   OF.   enheritable,  inheritable.]  Capable  of  taking  by
   inheritance,  or of receiving by descent; capable of succeeding to, as
   an heir.

     By  attainder  .  .  .  the  blood  of  the  person attainted is so
     corrupted as to be rendered no longer inheritable. Blackstone.

     The  eldest  daughter  of the king is also alone inheritable to the
     crown on failure of issue male. Blackstone.

   Inheritable  blood,  blood  or  relationship by which a person becomes
   qualified to be an heir, or to transmit possessions by inheritance.


   In*her"it*a*bly, adv. By inheritance. Sherwood.


   In*her"it*ance (?), n. [Cf. OF. enheritance.]

   1.  The  act or state of inheriting; as, the inheritance of an estate;
   the inheritance of mental or physical qualities.

   2. That which is or may be inherited; that which is derived by an heir
   from  an  ancestor  or  other  person;  a heritage; a possession which
   passes by descent.

     When  the  man dies, let the inheritance Descend unto the daughter.

   3.  A  permanent or valuable possession or blessing, esp. one received
   by gift or without purchase; a benefaction.

     To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not
     away. 1 Pet. i. 4.

   4.  Possession;  ownership;  acquisition.  "The  inheritance  of their
   loves." Shak.

     To you th' inheritance belongs by right Of brother's praise; to you
     eke Spenser.

   5. (Biol.) Transmission and reception by animal or plant generation.

   6.  (Law)  A  perpetual  or continuing right which a man and his heirs
   have  to  an  estate;  an estate which a man has by descent as heir to
   another,  or  which  he may transmit to another as his heir; an estate
   derived from an ancestor to an heir in course of law. Blackstone.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e word inheritance (used simply) is mostly confined
     to the title to land and tenements by a descent.

   Mozley & W.

     Men  are  not proprietors of what they have, merely for themselves;
     their  children have a title to part of it which comes to be wholly
     theirs  when  death has put an end to their parents' use of it; and
     this we call inheritance. Locke.


   In*her"it*or (?), n. One who inherits; an heir.

     Born inheritors of the dignity. Milton.


   In*her"it*ress (?), n. A heiress. Milman.


   In*her"it*rix (?), n. Same as Inheritress. Shak.


   In*herse" (?), v. t. [Obs.] See Inhearse.


   In*he"sion  (?),  n. [L. inhaesio. See Inhere.] The state of existing,
   of being inherent, in something; inherence. A. Baxter.

     Constant inhesion and habitual abode. South.


   In`hi*a"tion  (?),  n.  [L. inhiatio, fr. inhiare to gape; pref. in- +
   hiare to gape.] A gaping after; eager desire; craving. [R.] Bp. Hall.


   In*hib"it  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inhibited;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inhibiting.]  [L.  inhibitus, p. p. of inhibere; pref. in- in + habere
   to have, hold. See Habit.]

   1. To check; to hold back; to restrain; to hinder.

     Their  motions  also  are excited or inhibited . . . by the objects
     without them. Bentley.

   2. To forbid; to prohibit; to interdict.

     All  men  were  inhibited,  by proclamation, at the dissolution, so
     much as to mention a Parliament. Clarendon.

     Burial may not be inhibited or denied to any one. Ayliffe.


   In`hi*bi"tion (?), n. [L. inhibitio: cf. F. inhibition.]

   1.  The act of inhibiting, or the state of being inhibited; restraint;
   prohibition; embargo.

   2.  (Physiol.)  A stopping or checking of an already present action; a
   restraining  of  the function of an organ, or an agent, as a digestive
   fluid  or  ferment, etc.; as, the inhibition of the respiratory center
   by the pneumogastric nerve; the inhibition of reflexes, etc.

   3.  (Law) A writ from a higher court forbidding an inferior judge from
   further  proceedings  in  a  cause before; esp., a writ issuing from a
   higher ecclesiastical court to an inferior one, on appeal. Cowell.


   In*hib"i*tor  (?), n. [NL.] That which causes inhibitory action; esp.,
   an inhibitory nerve.


   In*hib"i*to*ry  (?),  a. [LL. inhibitorius: cf. F. inhibitoire.] Of or
   pertaining  to,  or  producing,  inhibition; consisting in inhibition;
   tending  or  serving  to  inhibit;  as,  the  inhibitory action of the
   pneumogastric on the respiratory center.

     I would not have you consider these criticisms as inhibitory. Lamb.

   Inhibitory  nerves  (Physiol.), those nerves which modify, inhibit, or
   suppress a motor or secretory act already in progress.


   In*hib"i*to*ry-mo"tor  (?),  a.  (Physiol.)  A term applied to certain
   nerve  centers which govern or restrain subsidiary centers, from which
   motor impressions issue. McKendrick.


   In*hive" (?), v. t. To place in a hive; to hive.


   In*hold"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inheld  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inholding.] To have inherent; to contain in itself; to possess. [Obs.]
   Sir W. Raleigh.


   In*hold"er, n. An inhabitant. [Obs.] Spenser.


   In*hoop" (?), v. t. To inclose in a hoop, or as in a hoop. [R.] Shak.


   In*hos"pi*ta*ble   (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  hospitable:  cf.  L.

   1.  Not  hospitable;  not disposed to show hospitality to strangers or
   guests; as, an inhospitable person or people.

     Have  you  no  touch  of  pity, that the poor Stand starved at your
     inhospitable door? Cowper.

   2.   Affording  no  shelter  or  sustenance;  barren;  desert;  bleak;
   cheerless;      wild.     "Inhospitable     wastes."     Blair.     --
   In*hos"pi*ta*ble*mess, n. -- In*hos"pi*ta*bly, adv.


   In*hos`pi*tal"i*ty    (?),    n.    [L.    inhospitalitas:    cf.   F.
   inhospitalit\'82.  See In- not, and Hospitality.] The quality or state
   of  being  inhospitable;  inhospitableness;  lack  of hospitality. Bp.


   In*hu"man  (?),  a.  [L.  inhumanus: cf. F. inhumain. See In- not, and

   1.  Destitute  of  the  kindness and tenderness that belong to a human
   being;  cruel;  barbarous; savage; unfeeling; as, an inhuman person or

   2.  Characterized by, or attended with, cruelty; as, an inhuman act or
   punishment.  Syn.  --  Cruel;  unfeeling; pitiless; merciless; savage;
   barbarous; brutal; ferocious; ruthless; fiendish.


   In`hu*man"i*ty  (?), n.; pl. Inhumanities (#). [L. inhumanitas: cf. F.
   inhumanit\'82.]  The  quality  or  state  of  being  inhuman; cruelty;

     Man's inhumanity to man Makes countless thousands mourn. Burns.


   In*hu"man*ly (?), adv. In an inhuman manner; cruelly; barbarously.


   In*hu"mate  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  inhumatus, p. p. of inhumare to inhume;
   pref.  in-  in  +  humare  to  cover with earth. See Humation, and cf.
   Inhume.] To inhume; to bury; to inter. Hedge.


   In`hu*ma"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. inhumation.]

   1. The act of inhuming or burying; interment.

   2.  (Old  Chem.)  The act of burying vessels in warm earth in order to
   expose  their  contents  to a steady moderate heat; the state of being
   thus exposed.

   3. (Med.) Arenation.


   In*hume"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inhumed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inhuming.] [Cf. F. inhumer. See Inhumate.]

   1. To deposit, as a dead body, in the earth; to bury; to inter.

     Weeping they bear the mangled heaps of slain, Inhume the natives in
     their native plain. Pope.

   2. To bury or place in warm earth for chemical or medicinal purposes.


   In"i*a  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) A South American freshwater dolphin (Inia
   Boliviensis). It is ten or twelve feet long, and has a hairy snout.


   In"i*al (?), a. (Anat.) Pertaining to the inion.


   In`im*ag"i*na*ble   (?),  a.  Unimaginable;  inconceivable.  [R.]  Bp.


   In*im"i*cal  (?;  277),  a.  [L.  inimicalis, fr. inimicus unfriendly,
   hostile; pref. in- not + amicus friendly. See Amity.]

   1.   Having  the  disposition  or  temper  of  an  enemy;  unfriendly;
   unfavorable;  --  chiefly applied to private, as hostile is to public,

   2.   Opposed   in   tendency,  influence,  or  effects;  antagonistic;
   inconsistent; incompatible; adverse; repugnant.

     We  are at war with a system, which, by its essence, is inimical to
     all other governments. Burke.


   In*im`i*cal"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  state or quality of being inimical or
   hostile; hostility; unfriendliness. [R.]


   In*im"i*cal*ly (?), adv. In an inimical manner.


   In*im`i*ci"tious   (?),  a.  [L.  inimicitia  enmity.  See  Inimical.]
   Inimical; unfriendly. [R.] Sterne.


   In*im"i*cous (?), a. [L. inimicus.] Inimical; hurtful. [Obs.] Evelyn.


   In*im`i*ta*bil"i*ty  (?), n. The quality or state of being inimitable;
   inimitableness. Norris.


   In*im"i*ta*ble  (?),  a.  [L. inimitabilis: cf. F. inimitable. See In-
   not,  and  Imitable.]  Not  capable  of  being  imitated,  copied,  or
   counterfeited;  beyond  imitation;  surpassingly excellent; matchless;
   unrivaled;  exceptional;  unique;  as, an inimitable style; inimitable
   eloquence. "Inimitable force." Dryden.

     Performing such inimitable feats. Cowper.

   -- In*im"i*ta*ble*ness, n. -- In*im"i*ta*bly, adv.


   In"i*on  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'ini`on the back of the head.] (Anat.)
   The external occipital protuberance of the skull.


   In*iq"ui*tous  (?),  a.  [From  Iniquity.]  Characterized by iniquity;
   unjust; wicked; as, an iniquitous bargain; an iniquitous proceeding.

     Demagogues . . . bribed to this iniquitous service. Burke.

   Syn.  --  Wicked;  wrong; unjust; unrighteous; nefarious; criminal. --
   Iniquitous,  Wicked, Nefarious. Wicked is the generic term. Iniquitous
   is  stronger, denoting a violation of the rights of others, usually by
   fraud or circumvention. Nefarious is still stronger, implying a breach
   of  the  most  sacred  obligations,  and  points  more directly to the
   intrinsic badness of the deed.


   In*iq"ui*tous*ly, adv. In an iniquitous manner; unjustly; wickedly.


   In*iq"ui*ty   (?),   n.;   pl.  Iniquities  (#).  [OE.  iniquitee,  F.
   iniquit\'82,  L.  iniquitas,  inequality,  unfairness,  injustice. See

   1.  Absence  of, or deviation from, just dealing; want of rectitude or
   uprightness;  gross  injustice;  unrighteousness;  wickedness; as, the
   iniquity of bribery; the iniquity of an unjust judge.

     Till  the  world  from  his perfection fell Into all filth and foul
     iniquity. Spenser.

   2. An iniquitous act or thing; a deed of injustice o Milton.

     Your  iniquities  have separated between you and your God. Is. lix.

   3.  A  character  or personification in the old English moralities, or
   moral  dramas,  having the name sometimes of one vice and sometimes of
   another. See Vice.

     Acts  old  Iniquity, and in the fit Of miming gets the opinion of a
     wit. B. Jonson.


   In*i"quous  (?),  a.  [L. iniquus; pref. in- not + aequus. See Equal.]
   Iniquitous. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   In*ir"ri*ta*ble   (?),   a.   [Pref.  in-  not  +  irritable:  cf.  F.
   inirritable.]  Not  irritable;  esp.  (Physiol.),  incapable  of being
   stimulated to action, as a muscle. -- In*ir`ri*ta*bil"i*ty (#), n.


   In*ir"ri*ta*tive  (?),  a.  Not  accompanied  with  excitement; as, an
   inirritative fever. E. Darwin.


   In*isle"  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  Enisled.]  To  form  into  an island; to
   surround. [Obs.] Drayton.


   In*i"tial  (?),  a.  [L. initialis, from initium a going in, entrance,
   beginning,  fr.  inire to go into, to enter, begin; pref. in- in + ire
   to go: cf. F. initial. See Issue, and cf. Commence.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  beginning;  marking the commencement;
   incipient; commencing; as, the initial symptoms of a disease.

   2.  Placed  at  the  beginning;  standing at the head, as of a list or
   series; as, the initial letters of a name.


   In*i"tial, n. The first letter of a word or a name.


   In*i"tial,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Initialed  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Initialing.]  To  put  an  initial  to;  to  mark  with  an initial of
   initials. [R.]


   In*i"tial*ly, adv. In an initial or incipient manner or degree; at the
   beginning. Barrow.


   In*i"ti*ate  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Initiated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Initiating  (?).]  [L.  initiatus,  p.  p.  of  initiare to begin, fr.
   initium beginning. See Initial.]

   1.  To  introduce  by  a  first  act; to make a beginning with; to set
   afoot; to originate; to commence; to begin or enter upon.

     How are changes of this sort to be initiated? I. Taylor.

   2.  To  acquaint  with the beginnings; to instruct in the rudiments or
   principles; to introduce.

     Providence would only initiate mankind into the useful knowledge of
     her  treasures,  leaving  the  rest  to employ our industry. Dr. H.

     To  initiate his pupil into any part of learning, an ordinary skill
     in the governor is enough. Locke.

   3.  To  introduce into a society or organization; to confer membership
   on;  especially,  to  admit to a secret order with mysterious rites or

     The  Athenians believed that he who was initiated and instructed in
     the  mysteries  would  obtain  celestial  honor  after  death.  Bp.

     He  was  initiated  into  half  a dozen clubs before he was one and
     twenty. Spectator.


   In*i"ti*ate,  v. i. To do the first act; to perform the first rite; to
   take the initiative. [R.] Pope.


   In*i"ti*ate (?), a. [L. initiatus, p. p.]

   1.  Unpracticed;  untried;  new.  [Obs.] "The initiate fear that wants
   hard use." Shak.

   2.  Begun;  commenced; introduced to, or instructed in, the rudiments;
   newly admitted.

     To  rise  in  science  as  in bliss, Initiate in the secrets of the
     skies. Young.

   Initiate  tenant by courtesy (Law), said of a husband who becomes such
   in his wife's estate of inheritance by the birth of a child, but whose
   estate is not consummated till the death of the wife. Mozley & W.


   In*i"ti*ate, n. One who is, or is to be, initiated.


   In*i`ti*a"tion (?), n. [L. initiatio: cf. F. initiation.]

   1.  The  act  of  initiating,  or  the  process  of being initiated or
   introduced;  as, initiation into a society, into business, literature,
   etc. "The initiation of coursers of events." Pope.

   2.  The  form  or  ceremony  by  which a person is introduced into any
   society; mode of entrance into an organized body; especially, the rite
   of admission into a secret society or order.

     Silence is the first thing that is taught us at our initiation into
     sacred mysteries. Broome.


   In*i"ti*a*tive  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  initiatif.]  Serving  to initiate;
   inceptive; initiatory; introductory; preliminary.


   In*i"ti*a*tive, n. [Cf. F. initiative.]

   1.  An  introductory  step  or  movement;  an  act which originates or

     The undeveloped initiatives of good things to come. I. Taylor.

   2.  The right or power to introduce a new measure or course of action,
   as  in  legislation; as, the initiative in respect to revenue bills is
   in the House of Representatives.


   In*i"ti*a`tor (?), n. [L.] One who initiates.


   In*i"ti*a*to*ry (?), a.

   1. Suitable for an introduction or beginning; introductory; prefatory;
   as, an initiatory step. Bp. Hall.

   2.  Tending  or serving to initiate; introducing by instruction, or by
   the   use  and  application  of  symbols  or  ceremonies;  elementary;

     Some initiatory treatises in the law. Herbert.

     Two  initiatory  rites  of  the  same  general import can not exist
     together. J. M. Mason.


   In*i"ti*a*to*ry, n. An introductory act or rite. [R.]


   In*i"tion   (?),  n.  [Cf.  OF.  inition.  See  Initial.]  Initiation;
   beginning. [Obs.] Sir R. Naunton.


   In*ject"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Injected;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Injecting.]  [L.  injectus,  p.  p. of inicere, injicere, to throw in;
   pref.  in-  in  + jacere to throw: cf. F. injecter. See Jet a shooting

   1. To throw in; to dart in; to force in; as, to inject cold water into
   a  condenser;  to inject a medicinal liquid into a cavity of the body;
   to inject morphine with a hypodermic syringe.

   2. Fig.: To throw; to offer; to propose; to instill.

     C\'91sar  also, then hatching tyranny, injected the same scrupulous
     demurs. Milton.

   3. To cast or throw; -- with on. [R.]

     And mound inject on mound. Pope.

   Page 765

   4. (Anat.) To fill (a vessel, cavity, or tissue) with a fluid or other
   substance; as, to inject the blood vessels.


   In*jec"tion (?), n. [L. injectio : cf.F. injection.]

   1. The act of injecting or throwing in; -- applied particularly to the
   forcible  throwing  in of a liquid, or a\'89riform body, by means of a
   syringe, pump, etc.

   2. That which is injected; especially, a liquid medicine thrown into a
   cavity of the body by a syringe or pipe; a clyster; an enema. Mayne.

   3.  (Anat.)  (a)  The  act or process of filling vessels, cavities, or
   tissues  with  a  fluid or other substance. (b) A specimen prepared by

   4. (Steam Eng.) (a) The act of throwing cold water into a condenser to
   produce a vacuum. (b) The cold water thrown into a condenser.
   Injection  cock,  OR  Injection  valve (Steam Eng.), the cock or valve
   through  which  cold  water is admitted into a condenser. -- Injection
   condenser.  See  under  Condenser. -- Injection pipe, the pipe through
   which cold water is through into the condenser of a steam engine.


   In*ject"or (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, injects.

   2. (Mach.) A contrivance for forcing feed water into a steam boiler by
   the  direct  action  of  the steam upon the water. The water is driven
   into  the  boiler  by  the impulse of a jet of the steam which becomes
   condensed as soon as it strikes the stream of cold water it impels; --
   also  called  Giffard's injector, from the inventor. <-- fuel injector
   --  a  device  for actively injecting fuel into an internal combustion
   engine -->


   In*jel"ly (?), v. t. To place in jelly. [R.]


   In*join" (?), v. t. [Obs.] See Enjoin.


   In*joint  (?),  v.  t. [Pref. in- in + joint.] To join; to unite. [R.]


   In*joint,  v.  t.  [Pref.  in-  in + joint.] To disjoint; to separate.
   [Obs.] Holland.


   In`ju*cun"di*ty  (?),  n.  [L. injucunditas. See In- not, and Jocund.]
   Unpleassantness; disagreeableness. [Obs.] Cockeram.


   In*ju"di*ca*ble (?), a. Not cognizable by a judge. [Obs.] Bailey.


   In`ju*di"cial (?), a. Not according to the forms of law; not judicial.


   In`ju*di"cious   (?),   a.   [Pref.   in-  not  +  judicious;  cf.  F.

   1. Not judicious; wanting in sound judgment; undiscerning; indiscreet;
   unwise; as, an injudicious adviser.

     An  injudicious  biographer  who undertook to be his editor and the
     protector of his memory. A. Murphy.

   2.  Not  according  to  sound  judgment  or discretion; unwise; as, an
   injudicious  measure. Syn. -- Indiscreet; inconsiderate; undiscerning;
   incautious; unwise; rash; hasty; imprudent.


   In`ju*di"cious*ly, adv. In an injudicious manner.


   In`ju*di"cious*ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being injudicious; want of
   sound judgment; indiscretion. Whitlock.


   In*junc"tion  (?), n. [L. injunctio, fr. injungere, injunctum, to join
   into, to enjoin. See Enjoin.]

   1.  The  act  of  enjoining;  the  act  of  directing,  commanding, or

   2. That which is enjoined; an order; a mandate; a decree; a command; a
   precept; a direction.

     For  still  they  knew,and ought to have still remembered, The high
     injunction,not to taste that fruit. Milton.

     Necessary as the injunctions of lawful authority. South.

   3.  (Law) A writ or process, granted by a court of equity, and, insome
   cases,  under  statutes, by a court of law,whereby a party is required
   to do or to refrain from doing certain acts, according to the exigency
   of the writ.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  mo re generally used as a preventive than as a
     restorative process, although by no means confined to the former.

   Wharton. Daniell. Story.


   In"jure  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Injured  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Injuring.]  [L.  injuriari,  fr.  injuria  injury,  perh.  through  F.
   injurier  to insult, in OF. also, to injure; or perhaps fr. E. injury,
   or  F.  injure  injury.  See  Injury.]  To  do  harm to; to impair the
   excellence  and  value of; to hurt; to damage; -- used in a variety of
   senses;  as: (a) To hurt or wound, as the person; to impair soundness,
   as  of  health.  (b)  To  damage  or  lessen the value of, as goods or
   estate.   (c)  To  slander,  tarnish,  or  impair,  as  reputation  or
   character.  (d)  To impair or diminish, as happiness or virtue. (e) To
   give  pain  to,  as  the  sensibilities or the feelings; to grieve; to
   annoy. (f) To impair, as the intellect or mind.

     When have I injured thee? when done thee wrong? Shak.

   Syn.  --  To  damage; mar; spoil; harm; sully; wrong; maltreat; abuse;
   insult; affront; dishonor.


   In"jur*er (?), n. One who injures or wrongs.


   In*ju"ri*a  (?),  n.;  pl. Injurie (#). [L.] (Law) Injury; invasion of
   another's rights.


   In*ju"ri*ous  (?), a. [L. injuriousus, injurius; cf. F. injurieux. See

   1. Not just; wrongful; iniquitous; culpable. [Obs.] Milton.

     Till  the  injurious Roman did extort This tribute from us, we were
     free. Shak.

   2. Causing injury or harm; hurtful; harmful; detrimental; mischievous;
   as, acts injurious to health, credit, reputation, property, etc.

     Without  being  injurious  to  the  memory  of  our English Pindar.

   Syn.   --   Harmful;   hurtful;   pernicious;   mischievous;  baneful;
   deleterious; noxious; ruinous; detrimental.


   In*ju"ri*ous*ly,  adv.  In an injurious or hurtful manner; wrongfully;
   hurtfully; mischievously.


   In*ju"ri*ous*ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being  injurious or hurtful;
   harmfulness; injury.


   In"ju*ry  (?),  n.;  pl.  Injuries  (#). [OE. injurie, L. injuria, fr.
   injurius  injurious,  wrongful,  unjust;  pref.  in-  not + jus,juris,
   right,law,justice:  cf.  F.  injure.  See  Just,  a.]  Any  damage  or
   violation  of,  the  person, character, feelings, rights, property, or
   interests  of  an  individual; that which injures, or occasions wrong,
   loss,  damage,  or detriment; harm; hurt; loss; mischief; wrong; evil;
   as,  his  health was impaired by a severe injury; slander is an injury
   to the character.

     For he that doeth injury shall receve that he did evil. Wyclif(Col.
     iii. 25).

     Many  times  we  do  injury  to  a  cause  by  dwelling on trifling
     arguments. I. Watts.

     Riot  ascends  above their loftiest towers, And injury and outrage.

     NOTE: &hand; In jury in morals and jurisprudence is the intentional
     doing of wrong.

   Fleming.  Syn.  --  Harm;  hurt;  damage; loss; impairment; detriment;
   wrong; evil; injustice.


   In*jus"tice  (?),  n.  [F.  injustice, L. injustitia. See In- not, and
   Justice, and cf. Unjust.]

   1.  Want  of justice and equity; violation of the rights of another or
   others; iniquity; wrong; unfairness; imposition.

     If   this   people   [the   Athenians]   resembled  Nero  in  their
     extravagance,  much  more  did they resemble and even exceed him in
     cruelty and injustice. Burke.

   2. An unjust act or deed; a sin; a crime; a wrong.

     Cunning  men  can  be guilty of a thousand injustices without being
     discovered, or at least without being punished. Swift.


   Ink  (?),  n. (Mach.) The step, or socket, in which the lower end of a
   millstone spindle runs.


   Ink,  n. [OE. enke, inke, OF. enque, F. encre, L. encaustum the purple
   red  ink  with  which  the  Roman  emperors  signed  their edicts, Gr.
   Encaustic, Caustic.]

   1.  A  fluid,  or  a  viscous material or preparation of various kinds
   (commonly black or colored), used in writing or printing.

     Make there a prick with ink. Chaucer.

     Deformed monsters, foul and black as ink. Spenser.

   2. A pigment. See India ink, under India.

     NOTE: &hand; Or dinarily, bl ack in k is  ma de from nutgalls and a
     solution  of  some  salt  of  iron,  and  consists essentially of a
     tannate  or  gallate  of  iron; sometimes indigo sulphate, or other
     coloring  matter,is  added.  Other  black  inks  contain  potassium
     chromate,  and extract of logwood, salts of vanadium, etc. Blue ink
     is  usually  a solution of Prussian blue. Red ink was formerly made
     from carmine (cochineal), Brazil wood, etc., but potassium eosin is
     now  used. Also red, blue, violet, and yellow inks are largely made
     from  aniline  dyes.  Indelible  ink  is usually a weak solution of
     silver  nitrate,  but carbon in the form of lampblack or India ink,
     salts  of  molybdenum,  vanadium,  etc., are also used. Sympathetic
     inks may be made of milk, salts of cobalt, etc. See Sympathetic ink

   Copying  ink,  a  peculiar  ink  used  for writings of which copies by
   impression  are to be taken. -- Ink bag (Zo\'94l.), an ink sac. -- Ink
   berry.  (Bot.) (a) A shrub of the Holly family (Ilex glabra), found in
   sandy  grounds  along  the  coast  from  New  England  to Florida, and
   producing  a  small black berry. (b) The West Indian indigo berry. See
   Indigo.   --   Ink   plant  (Bot.),  a  New  Zealand  shrub  (Coriaria
   thumifolia), the berries of which uield a juice which forms an ink. --
   Ink  powder,  a  powder from which ink is made by solution. -- Ink sac
   (Zo\'94l.),  an  organ,  found in most cephalopods, containing an inky
   fluid  which  can  be  ejected  from a duct opening at the base of the
   siphon.  The fluid serves to cloud the water, and enable these animals
   to  escape  from  their  enemies.  See  Illust.  of  Dibranchiata.  --
   Printer's  ink,  OR  Printing  ink. See under Printing. -- Sympathetic
   ink,  a  writing  fluid  of such a nature that what is written remains
   invisible  till  the  action  of  a reagent on the characters makes it


   Ink, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inked (?nkt); p. pr. & vb. n. Inking.] To put
   ink upon; to supply with ink; to blacken, color, or daub with ink.


   Ink"er  (?), n. One who, or that which, inks; especially, in printing,
   the pad or roller which inks the type.


   Ink"fish` (?), n. A cuttlefish. See Cuttlefish.


   Ink"horn`  (?),  n.  [Ink  +  horn;  cf.  F.  cornet  \'85  encre,  G.
   dintenhorn.]  A  small  bottle of horn or other material formerly used
   for  holding  ink; an inkstand; a portable case for writing materials.
   "With a writer's inkhorn by his side." Ezek. ix. 2.

     From his pocket the notary drew his papers and inkhorn. Longfellow.


   Ink"horn",  a.  Learned;  pedantic;  affected. [Obs.] "Inkhorn terms."


   Ink"horn`ism (?), n. Pedantry. Sir T. Wilson.


   Ink"i*ness  (?),  n.  [From Inky.] The state or quality of being inky;


   Ink"ing,  a. Supplying or covering with ink. Inking roller, a somewhat
   elastic  roller,used  to  spread ink over forms of type, copperplates,
   etc.  --  Inking  trough  OR  table,  a trough or table from which the
   inking roller receives its ink.


   In"kle  (?),  n.  [Prob.the  same  word  as  lingle, the first l being
   mistaken  for  the  definite article in French. See Lingle.] A kind of
   tape or braid. Shak.


   In"kle,  v.  t.  [OE.  inklen  to  hint; cf. Dan. ymte to whisper.] To
   guess. [Prov. Eng.] "She inkled what it was." R. D. Blackmore.


   In"kling (?), n. A hint; an intimation.

     The least inkling or glimpse of this island. Bacon.

     They had some inkling of secret messages. Clarendon.


   In"knee` (?), n. Same as Knock-knee.


   In"kneed` (?), a. See Knock-kneed.


   In*knot"  (?),  v.  t.  To  fasten  or  bind,  as with a knot; to knot
   together. Fuller.


   Ink"stand`  (?),  n.  A  small  vessel for holding ink, to dip the pen
   into; also, a device for holding ink and writing materials.


   Ink"stone"  (?),  n.  A  kind  of  stone  containing native vitriol or
   subphate of iron, used in making ink.


   Ink"y  (?),  a.  Consisting  of,  or resembling, ink; soiled with ink;
   black. "Inky blots." Shak. "Its inky blackness." Boyle.


   In*lace"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inlaced (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inlacing  (?).]  [Pref.  in-  +  lace:  cf.  OE.  enlacen to entangle,
   involve,  OF. enlacier, F. enlacer. See Lace, and cf. Enlace.] To work
   in,  as lace; to embellish with work resembling lace; also, to lace or
   enlace. P. Fletcher.


   In"la*ga"tion  (?),  n.  [Law L. inlagatio, fr. inlagare to restore to
   law.  See  In, and Law.] (Old Eng. Law) The restitution of an outlawed
   person to the protection of the law; inlawing. Bouvier.


   In*laid" (?), p. p. of Inlay.


   In"land (?), a.

   1.  Within  the  land; more or less remote from the ocean or from open
   water; interior; as, an inland town. "This wide inland sea." Spenser.

     From inland regions to the distant main. Cowper.

   2.  Limited  to  the  land,  or  to inland routes; within the seashore
   boundary; not passing on, or over, the sea; as, inland transportation,
   commerce, navigation, etc.

   3.  Confined  to  a  country  or  state; domestic; not foreing; as, an
   inland bill of exchange. See Exchange.


   In"land, n. The interior part of a country. Shak.


   In"land,  adv.  Into,  or  towards, the interior, away from the coast.

     The  greatest waves of population have rolled inland from the east.
     S. Turner.


   In"land*er (?), n. One who lives in the interior of a country, or at a
   distance from the sea. Sir T. Browne.


   In"land*ish, a. Inland. [Obs.] T. Reeve(1657)


   In*lap"i*date (?), v. t. [Pref. in- in + L. lapis, lapidis, stone.] To
   convert into a stony substance; to petrity. [R.] Bacon.


   In*lard" (?), v. t. See Inlard.


   In*law" (?), v. t. [In + law. Cf. Inlagation.] (Old Eng. Law) To clear
   of  outlawry  or  attainder; to place under the protection of the law.
   Burrill.  <--  In"-law.  A  person  who  is  related  by  marriage, as
   distinguished    from    a   blood   relative;   esp.   mother-in-law,
   father-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law -->


   In*lay"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inlaied  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inlaying.] To lay within; hence, to insert, as pieces of pearl, iviry,
   choice  woods, or the like, in a groundwork of some other material; to
   form an ornamental surface; to diversify or adorn with insertions.

     Look,how the floor of heaven Is thick inlaid with patines of bright
     gold. Shak.

     But  these  things  are  . . . borrowed by the monks to inlay their
     story. Milton.


   In"lay`  (?),  n.  Matter  or  pieces of wood, ivory, etc., inlaid, or
   prepared  for  inlaying; that which is inserted or inlaid for ornament
   or variety.

     Crocus and hyacinth with rich inlay Broidered the ground. Milton.

     The sloping of the moonlit sward Was damask work, and deep inlay Of
     braided blooms. Tennyson.


   In*lay"er (?), n. One who inlays, or whose occupation it is to inlay.


   In*league"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Inleagued (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inleaguing  (?).]  To  ally,  or  form an alliance witgh; to unite; to

     With  a  willingness  inleague  our blood With his, for purchase of
     full growth in friendship. Ford.


   In*lea"guer (?), v. t. To beleaguer. Holland.


   In"let (?), n.

   1.  A  passage  by  which an inclosed place may be entered; a place of
   ingress; entrance.

     Doors and windows,inlets of men and of light. Sir H. Wotton.

   2.  A  bay or recess,as in the shore of a sea, lake, or large river; a
   narrow strip of water running into the land or between islands.

   3. That which is let in or inland; an inserted material.

     NOTE: &hand; In let is  al so us ewd ad jectively,as in inlet pipe,
     inlet valve, etc.


   In*light"en (?), v. t. See Enlighten.


   In*list" (?), v. t. See Enlist.


   In*live" (?), v. t. To animate. [R.] B. Jonson.


   In*lock" (?), v. t. To lock in, or inclose.

                                    In loco

   In lo"co (?). [L.] In the place; in the proper or natural place.


   In*lu"mine (?), v. t. [Obs.] See Illumine.


   In"ly  (?), a. [OE. inlich, AS. inl\'c6c. See In.] Internal; interior;

     Didst thou but know the inly touch of love. Shak.


   In"ly, adv. Internally; within; in the heart. "Whereat he inly raged."


   In"ma*cy  (?),  n.  [From  Inmate.] The state of being an inmate. [R.]


   In"mate`  (?),  n. [In + mate an associate.] One who lives in the same
   house  or  apartment  with  another;  a fellow lodger; esp.,one of the
   occupants  of  an  asylum,  hospital, or prison; by extension, one who
   occupies or lodges in any place or dwelling.

     So  spake  the  enemy  of mankind, inclos'd In serpent, inmate bad.


   In"mate`,  a.  Admitted as a dweller; resident; internal. [R.] "Inmate
   guests." Milton.


   In"meats`  (?),  n.pl.  The  edible  viscera of animals, as the heart,
   liver, etc.


   In*mesh"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Inmeshed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inmeshing.] To bring within meshes, as of a net; to enmesh.


   In*mew" (?), v. t. [Cf.Emmew, Immew.] To inclose, as in a mew or cage.
   [R.] "Inmew the town below." Beau. & Fl.


   In"most`  (?),  a.  [OE.  innemest, AS. innemest, a double superlative
   form  fr.  inne within, fr. in in. The modern form is due to confusion
   with  most.  See  In, and cf. Aftermost, Foremost, Innermost.] Deepest
   within; farthest from the surface or external part; innermost.

     And pierce the inmost center of the earth. Shak.

     The  silent, slow, consuming fires, Which on my inmost vitals prey.


   Inn  (?), n. [AS. in,inn, house, chamber, inn, from AS. in in; akin to
   Icel. inni house. See In.]

   1.  A place of shelter; hence, dwelling; habitation; residence; abode.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.

     Therefore  with  me  ye  may  take up your inn For this same night.

   2.  A  house  for  the  lodging  and  entertainment  of  travelers  or
   wayfarers; a tavern; a public house; a hotel.

     NOTE: &hand; As distinguished from a private boarding house, an inn
     is  a  house for the entertainment of all travelers of good conduct
     and means of payment,as guests for a brief period,not as lodgers or
     boarders by contract.

     The  miserable  fare and miserable lodgment of a provincial inn. W.

   3.  The  town  residence  of  a  nobleman or distinguished person; as,
   Leicester Inn. [Eng.]

   4.  One  of  the  colleges  (societies  or  buildings)  in London, for
   students  of  the  law  barristers; as, the Inns of Court; the Inns of
   Chancery; Serjeants' Inns.
   Inns  of  chancery  (Eng.),  colleges in which young students formerly
   began   their   law   studies,  now  occupied  chiefly  by  attorneys,
   solicitors,  etc.  --  Inns  of  court  (Eng.),  the four societies of
   "students  and  practicers  of  the  law  of  England" which in London
   exercise  the  exclusive right of admitting persons to practice at the
   bar; also, the buildings in which the law students and barristers have
   their  chambers.  They  are  the  Inner  Temple,  the  Middle  Temple,
   Lincoln's Inn, and Gray's Inn.

   Page 766


   Inn  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Inned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inning.] To
   take lodging; to lodge. [R.] Addison.


   Inn, v. t.

   1. To house; to lodge. [Obs.]

     When  he  had brought them into his city And inned them, everich at
     his degree. Chaucer.

   2. To get in; to in. See In, v. t.


   In"nate  (?), a. [L. innatus; pref. in- in + natus born, p.p. of nasci
   to be born. See Native.]

   1. Inborn; native; natural; as, innate vigor; innate eloquence.

   2.  (Metaph.) Originating in, or derived from, the constitution of the
   intellect,  as  opposed to acquired from experience; as, innate ideas.
   See A priori, Intuitive.

     There is an innate light in every man, discovering to him the first
     lines of duty in the common notions of good and evil. South.

     Men  would not be guilty if they did not carry in their mind common
     notions  of  morality,innate and written in divine letters. Fleming

     If I could only show,as I hope I shall . . . how men, barely by the
     use  of  their  natural  faculties, may attain to all the knowledge
     they  have,  without  the  help  of any innate impressions; and may
     arrive   at   certainty   without  any  such  original  notions  or
     principles. Locke.

   3.  (Bot.)  Joined  by  the base to the very tip of a filament; as, an
   innate anther. Gray.
   Innate  ideas  (Metaph.),  ideas,  as  of  God, immortality, right and
   wrong,  supposed  by  some  to  be  inherent  in the mind, as a priori
   principles of knowledge.


   In*nate"  (?), v. t. To cause to exit; to call into being. [Obs.] "The
   first innating cause." Marston.


   In"nate*ly (?), adv. Naturally.


   In"nate*ness, n. The quality of being innate.


   In*na"tive (?), a. Native. [Obs.] Chapman.


   In*nav"i*ga*ble  (?),  a.  [L. innavigabilis : cf. F. innavigable. See
   In-  not,  and Navigable.] Incapable of being navigated; impassable by
   ships or vessels. Drygen. -- In*nav"i*ga*bly, adv.


   Inne (?), adv. & prep. In. [Obs.]

     And eke in what array that they were inne. Chaucer.


     In"ner  (?),  a. [AS. innera, a compar. fr. inne within, fr. in in.
     See In.]

     1.  Further  in;  interior; internal; not outward; as, an spirit or
     its phenomena.

     This  attracts  the  soul,  Governs  the inner man,the nobler part.

     3. Not obvious or easily discovered; obscure.

   Inner  house  (Scot.),  the first and second divisions of the court of
   Session  at  Edinburgh; also,the place of their sittings. -- Inner jib
   (Naut.),   a  fore-and-aft  sail  set  on  a  stay  running  from  the
   fore-topmast  head  to  the jib boom. -- Inner plate (Arch.), the wall
   plate  which lies nearest to the center of the roof,in a double-plated
   roof.  --  Inner  post (Naut.), a piece brought on at the fore side of
   the  main  post, to support the transoms. -- Inner square (Carp.), the
   angle formed by the inner edges of a carpenter's square.


   In"ner*ly, adv. More within. [Obs.] Baret.


   In"ner*most`  (?),  a.  [A  corruption  of  inmost due to influence of
   inner.  See  Inmost.]  Farthest  inward;  most remote from the outward
   part; inmost; deepest within. Prov. xviii. 8.


   In"ner*most`ly, adv. In the innermost place. [R.]

     His ebon cross worn innermostly. Mrs. Browning.


   In*ner"vate  (?),  v. t. [See Innerve.] (Anat.) To supply with nerves;
   as, the heart is innervated by pneumogastric and sympathetic branches.


   In`ner*va"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. innervation.]

   1. The act of innerving or stimulating.

   2.  (Physiol.)  Special  activity  excited  in any part of the nervous
   system  or  in  any  organ  of  sense or motion; the nervous influence
   necessary for the maintenance of life,and the functions of the various

   3.  (Anat.)  The distribution of nerves in an animal, or to any of its


   In*nerve"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Innerved (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Innerving.]  [Pref.  in-  in + nerve.] To give nervous energy or power
   to;  to  give  increased energy,force,or courage to; to invigorate; to


   Inn"hold`er (?), n. One who keeps an inn.


   In"ning (?), n. [AS. innung, fr. in in, prep. & adv.]

   1. Ingathering; harvesting. [Obs.] Holland.

   2.  The state or turn of being in; specifically, in cricket, baseball,
   etc.,the turn or time of a player or of a side at the bat; -- often in
   the pl. Hence: The turn or time of a person, or a party, in power; as,
   the Whigs went out, and the Democrats had their innings.

   3. pl. Lands recovered from the sea. Ainsworth.


   In*ni"ten*cy (?), n. [L. inniti, p.p. innixus, to lean upon; pref. in-
   in,  on  +  niti  to  lean.]  A leaning; pressure; weight. [R.] Sir T.


   In*nix"ion  (?),  n.  [See  Innitency.] Act of leaning upon something;
   incumbency. [Obs.] Derham.


   Inn"keep`er (?), n. An innholder.


   In"no*cence (?), n. [F. innocence, L. innocentia. See Innocent.]

   1.  The state or quality of being innocent; freedom from that which is
   harmful or infurious; harmlessness.

   2.  The  state  or  quality  of  being morally free from guilt or sin;
   purity of heart; blamelessness.

     The  silence often of pure innocence Persuades when speaking fails.

     Banished from man's life his happiest life, Simplicity and spotless
     innocence! Milton.

   3.  The  state or quality of being not chargeable for, or guilty of, a
   particular  crime  or  offense;  as, the innocence of the prisoner was
   clearly shown.

   4.  Simplicity  or  plainness,  bordering  on  weakness  or silliness;
   artlessness;  ingenuousness.  Chaucer.  Shak.  Syn.  --  Harmlessness;
   innocuousness; blamelessness; purity; sinlessness; guiltlessness.


   In"no*cen*cy (?), n. Innocence.


   In"no*cent  (?),  a. [F.innocent, L. innocens, -entis; pref. in- not +
   nocens, p.pr. of nocere to harm, hurt. See Noxious.]

   1. Not harmful; free from that which can injure; innoxious; innocuous;
   harmless; as, an innocent medicine or remedy.

     The spear Sung innocent,and spent its force in air. Pope.

   2.  Morally  free  from  guilt; guiltless; not tainted with sin; pure;

     To offer up a weak, poor, innocent lamb. Shak.

     I  have  sinned  in  that I have betrayed the innocent blood. Matt.
     xxvii. 4.

     The aidless,innocent lady, his wished prey. Milton.

   3.  Free from the guilt of a particular crime or offense; as, a man is
   innocent of the crime charged.

     Innocent from the great transgression. Ps. xix. 13.

   4. Simple; artless; foolish. Shak.

   5. Lawful; permitted; as, an innocent trade.

   6.  Not  contraband;  not  subject  to  forfeiture; as, innocent goods
   carried to a belligerent nation.
   Innocent  party  (Law),a party who has not notice of a fact tainting a
   litigated  transaction  with  illegality. Syn. -- Harmless; innoxious;
   innoffensive;   guiltless;  spotless;  immaculate;  pure;  unblamable;
   blameless; faultless; guileless; upright.


   In"no*cent, n.

   1.  An  innocent person; one free from, or unacquainted with, guilt or
   sin. Shak.

   2.  An  unsophisticated person; hence, a child; a simpleton; an idiot.
   B. Jonson.

     In Scotland a natural fool was called an innocent. Sir W. Scott.

   Innocents' day (Eccl.), Childermas day.


   In"no*cent*ly, adv. In an innocent manner.


   In"no*cu"i*ty (?), n. Innocuousness.


   In*noc"u*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  innocuus;  in-  not + nocuus hurtful, fr.
   nocere  to  hurt.  See  Innocent.]  Harmless; producing no ill effect;

     A patient, innocuous, innocent man. Burton.

   -- In*noc"u*ous*ly, adv. -- In*noc"u*ous*ness, n.

     Where the salt sea innocuously breaks. Wordsworth.


   In"no*date  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Innodated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Innodating (?).] [L. innodatus, p.p. of innodare; pref. in- in + nodus
   knot.] To bind up,as in a knot; to include. [Obs.] Fuller.


   In*nom"i*na*ble (?), a. [L. innominabilis; pref. in- not + nominare to
   name: cf. F. innominable.] Not to be named. [R.] Testament of Love.


   In*nom"i*nate  (?),  a.  [L.  innominatus; pref. in- not + nominare to

   1.  Having  no  name; unnamed; as, an innominate person or place. [R.]

   2.  (Anat.)  A  term used in designating many parts otherwise unnamed;
   as,  the  innominate  artery, a great branch of the arch of the aorta;
   the innominate vein, a great branch of the superior vena cava.
   Innominate  bone (Anat.), the great bone which makes a lateral half of
   the  pelvis  in  mammals;  hip  bone;  haunch bone; huckle bone. It is
   composed  of three bones, ilium, ischium, and pubis, consolidated into
   one  in the adult, though separate in the fetus, as also in many adult
   reptiles  and  amphibians. -- Innominate contracts (Law), in the Roman
   law, contracts without a specific name.


   In"no*vate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Innovated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Innovating (?).] [L. innovatus,p.p. of innovare to revew; pref. in- in
   + novare to make new,fr. novus new. See New.]

   1.  To  bring  in as new; to introduce as a novelty; as, to innovate a
   word or an act. [Archaic]

   2.  To  change  or  alter by introducing something new; to remodel; to
   revolutionize. [Archaic] Burton.

     From  his  attempts  upon  the civil power, he proceeds to innovate
     God's worship. South.


   In"no*vate, v. i. To introduce novelties or changes; -- sometimes with
   in or on. Bacon.

     Every man,therefore,is not fit to innovate. Dryden.


   In`no*va"tion (?), n. [L. innovatio; cf. F. innovation.]

   1.  The  act of innovating; introduction of something new, in customs,
   rites, etc. Dryden.

   2.  A  change  effected  by innovating; a change in customs; something
   new, and contrary to established customs, manners, or rites. Bacon.

     The  love  of  things ancient doth argue stayedness, but levity and
     want of experience maketh apt unto innovations. Hooker.

   3.  (Bot.)  A newly formed shoot, or the annually produced addition to
   the stems of many mosses.


   In`no*va"tion*ist, n. One who favors innovation.


   In"no*va*tive  (?),  a. Characterized by, or introducing, innovations.
   Fitzed. Hall.


   In"no*va`tor (?), n. [Cf. F. innovateur.] One who innovates. Shak.


   In*nox"ious (?), a. [L. innoxius. See In- not, and Noxious.]

   1.  Free  from  hurtful  qualities  or  effects;  harmless. "Innoxious
   flames." Sir K. Digby.

   2.  Free  from crime; pure; innocent. Pope. -- In*nox`ious*ly, adv. --
   In*nox"ious*ness, n.


   In*nu"bi*lous  (?), a. [L. innubilus. See Nubilous.] Cloudless. [Obs.]


   In`nu*en"do  (?),  n.; pl. Innuedoes(. [L., by intimation, by hinting,
   gerund  of innuere, innutum, to give a nod, to intimate; pref. in- in,
   to + -nuere (in comp.) to nod. See Nutation.]

   1. An oblique hint; a remote allusion or reference, usually derogatory
   to a person or thing not named; an insinuation.

     Mercury . . . owns it a marriage by an innuendo. Dryden.

     Pursue  your  trade  of  scandal picking; Your innuendoes, when you
     tell us, That Stella loves to talk with fellows. Swift.

   2. (Law) An averment employed in pleading, to point the application of
   matter  otherwise unintelligible; an interpretative parenthesis thrown
   into  quoted  matter  to  explain an obscure word or words; -- as, the
   plaintiff  avers  that  the  defendant  said  that  he  (innuendo  the
   plaintiff) was a thief. Wharton.

     NOTE: &hand; Th  e te  rm is  so  ap plied fr om ha ving be en th e
     introductory  word of this averment or parenthetic explanation when
     pleadings  were  in  Latin.  The  word  "meaning"  is  used  as its
     equivalent in modern forms.

   Syn.   --   Insinuation;   suggestion;  hint;  intimation;  reference;
   allusion;  implication;  representation;  -- Innuendo, Insinuation. An
   innuendo  is an equivocal allusion so framed as to point distinctly at
   something  which  is  injurious  to the character or reputation of the
   person  referred  to.  An  insinuation  turns on no such double use of
   language,  but  consists in artfully winding into the mind imputations
   of an injurious nature without making any direct charge.


   In"nu*ent  (?),  a.  [L.innuens, p.pr.] Conveying a hint; significant.
   [Obs.] Burton.


   In"nu*it, n. [Native name.] (Ethnol.) An Eskimo.


   In*nu`mer*a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  innumerabilitas.]  State of being
   innumerable. Fotherby.


   In*nu`mer*a*ble (?), a. [L. innumerabilis : cf.F. innumefable. See In-
   not,  and  Numerable.]  Not  capable  of being counted, enumerated, or
   numbered,  for  multitude;  countless;  numberless; unnumbered, hence,
   indefinitely numerous; of great number.

     Innumerable as the stars of night. Milton.

   -- In*nu"mer*a*ble*ness, n. -- In*nu"mer*a*bly, adv.


   In*nu"mer*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  innumerosus,  innumerus.  See Numerous.]
   Innumerable. [Archaic] Milton.


   In`nu*tri"tion  (?),  n. Want of nutrition; failure of nourishment. E.


   In`nu*tri"tious (?), a. Not nutritious; not furnishing nourishment.


   In*nu"tri*tive (?), a. Innutritious.


   Inn"yard` (?), n. The yard adjoining an inn.


   In`o*be"di*ence  (?),  n.  [L.  inoboedientia  :  cf.F.  inobedience.]
   Disobedience. [Obs.] Wyclif. Chaucer.


   In`o*be"di*ent  (?),  a.  [L. inoboediens, p.pr. of inoboedire : cf.F.
   inobedient.  See Obedient.] Not obedient; disobedient. [Obs.] Chaucer.
   -- In`o*be"di*ent*ly, adv. [Obs.]


   In`ob*serv"a*ble (?), a. [L. inobservabilis : cf. F. inobservable. See
   In- not, and Observable.] Not observable.


   In`ob*serv"ance (?), a. [L. inobservantia : cf. F. inobservance.] Want
   or neglect of observance. Bacon.


   In`ob*serv"ant  (?),  a. [L. inobservans. See In- not, and Observant.]
   Not  observant;  regardless; heedless. Bp. Hurd. -- In`ob*serv"ant*ly,


   In*ob`ser*va"tion  (?),  n. [Cf. F. inobservation.] Neglect or want of
   observation. [R.]


   In`ob*tru"sive    (?),    a.    Not    obtrusive;    unobtrusive.   --
   In`ob*tru"sive*ly, adv. -- In`ob*tru"sive*ness, n.


   In`o*car"pin  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Chem.)  A  red, gummy, coloring matter,
   extracted from the colorless juice of the Otaheite chestnut (Inocarpus


   In*oc`cu*pa"tion, n. Want of occupation.


   In`o*cer"a*mus  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Paleon.) An extinct genus of
   large,  fossil,  bivalve  shells,allied  to  the mussels. The genus is
   characteristic of the Cretaceous period.


   In*oc`u*la*bil"i*ty (?), n. The qual ity or state of being inoculable.


   In*oc"u*la*ble  (?),  a. [See Inoculate.] Capable of being inoculated;
   capable  of  communicating  disease,  or  of  being  communicated,  by


   In*oc"u*lar  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l) Inserted in the corner of the eye; --
   said of the antenn


   In*oc"u*late  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inoculated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inoculating (?),.] [L. inoculatus, p.p. of inoculare to ingraft; pref.
   in-  in,on  + oculare to furnish with eyes, fr. oculus an eye, also, a
   bud. See Ocular.]

   1.  To  bud;  to  insert,  or  graft, as the bud of a tree or plant in
   another tree or plant.

   2. To insert a foreign bud into; as, to inoculate a tree.

   3.  (Med.)  To  communicate  a  disease  to  ( a person ) by inserting
   infectious matter in the skin or flesh; as, to inoculate a person with
   the virus of smallpox,rabies, etc. See Vaccinate.

   4.  Fig.:  To  introduce  into the mind; -- used especially of harmful
   ideas  or  principles;  to imbue; as, to inoculate one with treason or


   In*oc"u*late, v. i.

   1. To graft by inserting buds.

   2. To communicate disease by inoculation.


   In*oc"u*la"tion (?), n. [L. inoculatio: cf. F. inoculation.]

   1. The act or art of inoculating trees or plants.

   2.  (Med.)  The act or practice of communicating a disease to a person
   in health, by inserting contagious matter in his skin or flesh.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e us e wa s fo rmerly li mited to  th e intentional
     communication  of  the smallpox, but is now extended to include any
     similar  introduction  of  modified  virus;  as, the inoculation of
     rabies by Pasteur.

   3. Fig.: The communication of principles, especially false principles,
   to the mind.


   In*oc"u*la`tor  (?),  n. [L.: cf. F. inoculateur.] One who inoculates;
   one who propagates plants or diseases by inoculation.

   Page 767


   In*o"di*ate  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  in-  in + L. odium hatred.] To make
   odious or hateful. [Obs.] South.


   In*o"dor*ate (?), a. Inodorous. [Obs.] Bacon.


   In*o"dor*ous (?), a. [L. inodorus. See In- not, and Odorous.] Emitting
   no odor; wthout smell; scentless; odorless. -- In*o"dor*ous*ness, n.


   In"of*fen"sive (?), a. [Pref. in- not + offensiue: cf. F. inoffensif.]

   1.   Giving   no  offense,  or  provocation;  causing  no  uneasiness,
   annoyance, or disturbance; as, an inoffensive man, answer, appearance.

   2. Harmless; doing no injury or mischief. Dryden.

   3. Not obstructing; presenting no interruption bindrance. [R.] Milton.

     So  have  Iseen  a  river  gintly  glide  In  a  smooth course, and
     inoffensive tide. Addison.

   -- In"of*fen"sive*ly, adv. -- In"of*fen"sive*ness, n.


   In"of*fi"cial  (?),  a.  Not official; not having official sanction or
   authoriy; not according to the forms or ceremony of official business;
   as, inofficial intelligence.

     Pinckney  and  Marshall would not make inofficial visits to discuss
     official business. Pickering.

   Syn.  --  Private;  informal;  unwarranted;  unauthorizod;  irregular;
   unceremonious; unprofessional.


   In`of*fi"cial*ly, adv. Without the usual forms, or not in the official


   In`of*fi"cious  (?),  a.  [L. inofficiosus: cf. F.inofficieux. See In-
   not, and Officious.]

   1. Indifferent to obligation or duty. [Obs.]

     Thou drown'st thyself in inofficious sleep. B. Jonson.

   2. Not officious; not civil or attentive. [Obs.] Jonhson.

   3.  (Law)  Regardless of natural obligation; contrary to natural duty;
   unkind; -- commonly said of a testament made without regard to natural
   obligation,  or  by which a child is unjustly deprived of inheritance.
   "The  inofficious  testament." Blackstone. "An inofficious disposition
   of his fortune." Paley.


   In`of*fi"cious*ly, adv. Not-officiously.


   In"o*gen   (?),  n.  [Gr.  -gen.]  (Physiol.)  A  complex  nitrogenous
   substance,  which,  by Hermann's hypothesis, is continually decomposed
   and reproduced in the muscles, during their life.


   In*op`er*a"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  inoperari  to  effect;  pref. in- in +
   operari  to operate.] Agency; influence; production of effects. [Obs.]
   Bp. Hall.


   In*op"er*a*tive  (?),  a.  [Pref. in- not + operative.] Not operative;
   not  active;  producing  no  effects;  as, laws renderd inoperative by
   neglect; inoperative remedies or processes.

                           Inopercular, Inoperculate

   In`o*per"cu*lar  (?),  In`o*per"cu*late  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Having no
   operculum; -- said of certain gastropod shells.


   In`o*pin"a*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  inopinabilis. See Inopinate.] Not to be
   expected; inconceivable. [Obs.] "Inopinable, incredible . . . saings."


   In*op"i*nate  (?),  a.  [L.  inopinatus.  See In- not, and Opine.] Not
   expected or looked for. [Obs.]


   In*op`por*tune"  (,  a.  [L.  inopportunus: cf. F. inopportun. See In-
   not, and Opportune.] Not opportune; inconvenient; unseasonable; as, an
   inopportune occurrence, remark, etc.

     No visit could have been more inopportune. T. Hook.


   In*op`por*tune"ly, adv. Not opportunely; unseasonably; inconveniently.


   In*op`por*tu"ni*ty  (?),  n.  Want  of  opportunity; unseasonableness;
   inconvenience. [R.]


   In`op*press"ive (?), a. Not oppressive or burdensome. O. Wolcott.


   In*op"u*lent  (?), a. [Pref. in- not + opulent: cf. F. inopulent.] Not
   opulent; not affluent or rich.


   In*or"di*na*cy  (?),  n.  The  state  or  quality of being inordinate;
   excessiveness;  immoderateness;  as, the inordinacy of love or desire.
   Jer. Taylor.


   In*or"di*nate  (?),  a.  [L.  inordinatus disordered. See In- not, and
   Ordinate.]  Not  limited  to  rules  prescribed,  or  to usual bounds;
   irregular; excessive; immoderate; as, an inordinate love of the world.
   "Inordinate   desires."   Milton.   "Inordinate   vanity."  Burke.  --
   In*or"di*nate*ly, adv. -- In*or"di*nate*ness, n.


   In*or`di*na"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  inordinatio.]  Deviation from custom,
   rule, or right; irregularity; inordinacy. [Obs.] South.

     Every  inordination  of religion that is not in defect, is properly
     called superstition. Jer. Taylor.


   In`or*gan"ic  (?),  a.  [Pref. in- not + organic: cf. F. inorganique.]
   Not  organic;  without  the  organs  necessary  for life; devoid of an
   organized   structure;   unorganized;  lifeness;  inanimate;  as,  all
   chemical compounds are inorganic substances.

     NOTE: &hand; The term inorganic is used to denote any one the large
     series  of  substances  (as  minerals, metals, etc.), which are not
     directly  connected  with  vital  processes,  either  in  origin or
     nature,  and  which  are  broadly  and  relatively  contrasted with
     organic subscances. See Organic.

   Inorganic Chemistry. See under Chemistry.


   In`or*gan"ic*al (?), a. Inorganic. Locke.


   In`or*gan"ic*al*ly, adv. In an inorganic manner.


   In`or*gan"i*ty  (?),  n.  Quality  of  being  inorganic.  [Obs.]  "The
   inorganity of the soul." Sir T. Browne.


   In*or`gan*i*za"tion (?), n. The state of being without organization.


   In*or"gan*ized (?), a. Not having organic structure; devoid of organs;


   In`or*thog"ra*phy  (?),  n.  Deviation  from  correct orthography; bad
   spelling. [Obs.] Feltham.


   In*os"cu*late  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Inosculated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Inosculating (?).] [Pref. in- in + osculate.]

   1.  To unite by apposition or contact, as two tubular vessels at their
   extremities; to anastomose.

   2. To intercommunicate; to interjoin.

     The  several  monthly  divisions of the journal may inosculate, but
     not the several volumes. De Quincey.


   In*os"cu*late (?), v. t.

   1.  To  unite  by  apposition  or contact, as two vessels in an animal
   body. Berkeley.

   2. To unite intimately; to cause to become as one.

     They  were  still  together,  grew  (For  so  they said themselves)
     inosculated. Tennyson.


   In*os`cu*la"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  inosculation.]  The  junction or
   connection  of  vessels, channels, or passages, so that their contents
   pass  from  one  to  the other; union by mouths or ducts; anastomosis;
   intercommunication; as, inosculation of veins, etc. Ray.


   In`o*sin"ic  (?), a. [From Inosite.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived
   from, inosite; as, inosinic acid.


   In"o*site  (?), n. [Gr. (Physiol. Chem.) A white crystalline substance
   with  a  sweet  taste,  found  in  certain  animal tissues and fluids,
   particularly  in  the  muscles  of  the  heart and lungs, also in some
   plants,  as  in  unripe pease, beans, potato sprouts, etc. Called also

     NOTE: &hand; Ch emically,it ha s the composition represented by the
     formula,  C6H12O6+H2O, and was formerly regarded as a carbohydrate,
     isomeric with dextrose, but is now known to be an aromatic compound
     (a hexacid phenol derivative of benzene).


   In*ox"idi`za*ble (?), a. (Chem.) Incapable of being oxidized; as, gold
   and platinum are inoxidizable in the air.


   In*ox"i*dize  (?),  v.  i.  To  prevent  or hinder oxidation, rust, or
   decay; as, inoxidizing oils or varnishes.

                                   In posse

   In`  pos"se  (?).  [L.]  In possibility; possible, although not yet in
   existence or come to pass; -- contradistinguished from in esse.


   In`quar*ta"tion (?), n. Quartation.


   In"quest  (?),  n.  [OE.  enqueste,  OF.  enqueste, F. enqu\'88te, LL.
   inquesta,  for  inquisita,  fr.  L. inquisitus, p.p. of inquirere. See

   1. Inquiry; quest; search. [R.] Spenser.

     The  laborious  and vexatious inquest that the soul must make after
     science. South.

   2.  (Law)  (a)  Judicial  inquiry; official examination, esp. before a
   jury; as, a coroner's inquest in case of a sudden death. (b) A body of
   men assembled under authority of law to inquire into any matterm civil
   or criminal, particularly any case of violent or sudden death; a jury,
   particularly  a coroner's jury. The grand jury is sometimes called the
   grand  inquest. See under Grand. (c) The finding of the jury upon such
   Coroner's inquest, an inquest held by a coroner to determine the cause
   of  any  violent, sudden, or mysterious death. See Coroner. -- Inquest
   of  office,  an  inquiry  made,  by  authority  or direction of proper
   officer,  into matters affecting the rights and interests of the crown
   or of the state. Craig. Bouvier.


   In*qui"et  (?), v. t. [L. inquietare: cf. F. inquieter. See Quiet.] To
   disquiet. [Obs.] Joye.


   In*qui`e*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  inquietatio  :  cf. F. inquielation.]
   Disturbance. [Obs.] Sir T. Elyot.


   In*qui"et*ness, n. Unquietness. [Obs.] Joye.


   In*qui"e*tude  (?),  n.  [L. inquietudo: cf. F. inquietude.] Disturbed
   state;  uneasiness  either of body or mind; restlessness; disquietude.
   Sir H. Wotton.


   In"qui*line  (?),  n.  [L.  inquilinus a tenant, lodger.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   gallfly which deposits its eggs in galls formed by other insects.


   In"qui*nate  (?),  v. t. [L. inquinatus, p.p. of inquinare to defile.]
   To  defile;  to  pollute;  to  contaminate;  to  befoul. [Obs.] Sir T.


   In`qui*na"tion  (?), n. [L. inquinatio.] A defiling; pollution; stain.
   [Obs.] Bacon.


   In*quir"a*ble  (?), a. [Cf. OF. enquerable.] Capable of being inquired
   into; subject or liable to inquisition or inquest. Bacon.


   In*quir"ance (?), n. Inquiry. [Obs.] Latimer.


   In*quire"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Inquired (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inquiring.]  [OE. enqueren, inqueren, OF. enquerre, F. enqu\'82rir, L.
   inquirere,  inquisitum;  pref.  in-  in + quarere to seek. See Quest a
   seeking, and cf. Inquiry.] [Written also enquire.]

   1.  To  ask  a  question;  to seek for truth or information by putting

     We will call the damsel, and inquire. Gen. xxiv. 57.

     Then  David  inquired  of the Lord yet again. And the Lord answered
     him. 1 Sam. xxiii. 4.

   2.  To  seek  to  learn  anything  by  recourse to the proper means of
   knoledge; to make examination.

     And inquire Gladly into the ways of God with man. Miltom.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd is followed by of before the person asked;
     as,  to inquire of a neighbor. It is followed by concerning, after,
     or  about,  before the subject of inquiry; as, his friends inquired
     about  or  concerning  his  welfare.  "Thou dost not inquire wisely
     concerning this." Eccl. vii. 10. It is followed by into when search
     is  made  for  particular  knowledge or information; as, to inquire
     into  the  cause  of a sudden death. It is followed by for or after
     when a place or person is sought, or something is missing. "Inquire
     in the house of Judas for one called Saul of Tarsus." Acts ix. 11.


   In*quire", v. t.

   1.  To  ask  about;  to seek to know by asking; to make examination or
   inquiry respecting.

     Having  thus  at  length  inquired  the  truth  concerning  law and
     dispense. Milton.

     And all obey and few inquire his will. Byron.

   2.  To  call  or  name.  [Obs.] Spenser. Syn. -- To ask; question. See


   In*quir"ent  (?), a. [L. inquirens, p. pr.] Making inquiry; inquiring;
   questioning. [Obs.] Shenstone.


   In*quir"er  (?),  n.  [Written  also  enquirer.]  One  who inquires or
   examines; questioner; investigator. Locke.

     Expert inquirers after truth. Cowper.


   In*quir"ing,  a.  Given  to  inquiry;  disposed to investigate causes;
   curious; as, an inquiring mind.


   In*quir"ing*ly, adv. In an inquiring manner.


   In*quir"y  (?),  n.;  pl.  Inquiries (#). [See Inquire.] [Written also

   1.  The  act  of  inquiring;  a  seeking  for  information  by  asking
   questions; interrogation; a question or questioning.

     He  could  no  path nor track of foot descry, Nor by inquiry learn,
     nor guess by aim. Spenser.

     The men which were sent from Cornelius had made inquiry for Simon's
     house, and stood before the gate. Acts x. 17.

   2.  Search for truth, information, or knoledge; examination into facts
   or principles; research; invextigation; as, physical inquiries.

     All  that is wanting to the perfection of this art will undoubtedly
     be found, if able men . . . will make inquiry into it. Dryden.

   Court  of  inquiry. See under Court. -- Writ of inquiry, a writ issued
   in  certain  actions at law, where the defendant has suffered judgment
   to  pass  against him by default, in order to ascertain and assess the
   plaintiff's damages, where they can not readily be ascertained by mere
   calculation.  Burrill. Syn. -- Interrogation; interrogatory; question;
   query; scrutiny; investigation; research; examination.
   In*quis"i*ble (?), a. Admitting judicial inquiry. [Obs.] Sir M. Hale. 


   In`qui*si"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  inquisitio  :  cf.  F. inquisition. See
   Inquire, and cf. Inquest.]

   1.  The  act  of  inquiring; inquiry; search; examination; inspection;

     As I could learn through earnest inquisition. Latimer.

     Let  not  search and inquisition quail To bring again these foolish
     runaways. Shak.

   2.  (Law) (a) Judicial inquiry; official examination; inquest. (b) The
   finding  of a jury, especially such a finding under a writ of inquiry.

     The  justices in eyre had it formerly in charge to make inquisition
     concerning them by a jury of the county. Blackstone.

   3.  (R. C. Ch.) A court or tribunal for the examination and punishment
   of  heretics,  fully  established  by  Pope  Gregory  IX. in 1235. Its
   operations  were  chiefly  confined  to  Spain,  Portugal,  and  their
   dependencies, and a part of Italy.


   In`qui*si"tion,  v.  t.  To  make  inquisistion concerning; to inquire
   into. [Obs.] Milton.


   In`qui*si"tion*al  (?),  a. [LL. inquisitionalis.] Relating to inquiry
   or   inquisition;   inquisitorial;  also,  of  or  pertaining  to,  or
   characteristic of, the Inquisition.

     All the inquisitional rigor . . . executed upon books. Milton.


   In`qui*si"tion*a*ry,   (,   a.   [Cf.   F.   inquisitionnaire.]   [R.]


   In*quis"i*tive (?), a. [OE. inquisitif, F. inquisitif.]

   1.  Disposed  to  ask  questions,  especially  in matters which do not
   concern the inquirer.

     A wise man is not inquisitive about things impertinent. Broome.

   2.  Given  to  examination,  investigation,  or  research;  searching;

     A young, inquisitive, and sprightly genius. I. Watts.

   Syn.   --   Inquiring;   prying;   curious;  meddling;  intrusive.  --
   Inquisitive,   Curious,   Prying.   Curious  denotes  a  feeling,  and
   inquisitive  a habit. We are curious when we desire to learn something
   new; we are inquisitive when we set ourselves to gain it by inquiry or
   research. Prying implies inquisitiveness, and is more commonly used in
   a  bad  sense, as indicating a desire to penetrate into the secrets of

     [We] curious are to hear, What happens new. Milton.

     This  folio of four pages [a newspaper], happy work! Which not even
     critics  criticise; that holds Inquisitive attention, while I read.

     Nor need we with a prying eye survey The distant skies, to find the
     Milky Way. Creech.


   In*quis"i*tive,  n.  A  person  who  is  inquisitive;  one  curious in
   research. Sir W. Temple.


   In*quis"i*tive*ly, adv. In an inquisitive manner.

     The  occasion  that  made  him  afterwards  so  inquisitively apply
     himself to the study of physic. Boyle.


   In*quis"i*tive*ness, n. The quality or state of being inquisitive; the
   disposition  to  seek  explanation and information; curiosity to learn
   what is unknown; esp., uncontrolled and impertinent curiosity.

     Mr.  Boswell,  whose inquisitiveness is seconded by great activity,
     scrambled in at a high window. Johnson.

     Curiosity in children nature has provided, to remove that ignorance
     they were born with; which, without this busy inquisitiveness, will
     make them dull. Locke.


   In*quis"i*tor (?), n. [L.: cf. F. inquisiteur. See Inquire.]

   1.   An  inquisitive  person;  one  fond  of  asking  questions.  [R.]
   "Inquisitors are tatlers." Feltham.

   2.  (Law)  One  whose  official  duty it is to examine and inquire, as
   coroners, sheriffs, etc. Mozley & W.

   3. (R.C.Ch.) A member of the Court of Inquisition.


   In*quis`i*to"ri*al (?), a. [Cf. F. inquisitorial.]

   1.  Pertaining to inquisition; making rigorous and unfriendly inquiry;
   searching;  as,  inquisitorial  power.  "Illiberal  and  inquisitorial
   abuse." F. Blackburne.

     He  conferred  on  it  a kind of inquisitorial and censorious power
     even over the laity, and directed it to inquire into all matters of
     conscience. Hume.

   2. Pertaining to the Court of Inquisition or resembling its practices.
   "Inquisitorial robes." C. Buchanan.


   In*quis`i*to"ri*al*ly, adv. In an inquisitorial manner.


   In*quis`i*to"ri*ous  (?),  a.  Making  strict  inquiry; inquisitorial.
   [Obs.] Milton.


   In*quis`i*tu"ri*ent  (?), a. Inquisitorial. [Obs.] "Our inquisiturient
   bishops." Milton.


   In*rac"i*nate  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  in-  in  + F. racine root: cf. F.
   enraciner.] To enroot or implant.


   In*rail"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Inrailed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inrailing.] To rail in; to inclose or surround, as with rails. Hooker.


   In*reg"is*ter  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inreristered (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Inregistering.]  [Pref. in- in + register: cf. F. enregistrer. Cf.
   Enregister.] To register; to enter, as in a register. [R.] Walsh.


   In"road` (?), n. The entrance of an enemy into a country with purposes
   of  hostility;  a  sudden  or  desultory  incursion or invasion; raid;

     The loss of Shrewsbury exposed all North Wales to the daily inroads
     of the enemy. Clarendon.

     With  perpetual  inroads  to  alarm, Though inaccessible, his fatal
     throne. Milton.

   Syn. -- Invasion; incursion; irruption. See Invasion.

   Page 768


   In*road"  (?), v.t [imp. & p. p. Inroaded; p. pr. & vb. n. Inroading.]
   To make an inroad into; to invade. [Obs.]

     The Saracens . . . conquered Spain, inroaded Aquitaine. Fuller.


   In*roll" (?), v. t. See Enroll.


   In"run`ning  (?),  n.  The  act  or  the  place of entrance; an inlet.


   In"rush` (?), n. A rush inwards; as, the inrush of the tide. G. Eliot.


   In*rush" (?), v. i. To rush in. [Obs.] Holland.


   In*sab`ba*ta"ti  (?), n. pl. [LL. Insabatati. See 1st In-, and Sabot.]
   The Waldenses; -- so called from their peculiary cut or marked sabots,
   or shoes.


   In*safe"ty (?), n. Insecurity; danger. [Obs.]


   In*sal`i*va"tion  (?),  n.  (Physiol.) The mixing of the food with the
   saliva and other secretions of the mouth in eating.


   In`sa*lu"bri*ous   (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  salubrious:  cf.  L.
   insalubris,  F.  insalubre.] Not salubrious or healthful; unwholesome;
   as, an insalubrious air or climate.


   In`sa*lu"bri*ty   (?),   n.   [Cf.F.   insalubrite.]  Unhealthfulness;
   unwholesomeness; as, the insalubrity of air, water, or climate. Boyle.


   In*sal"u*ta*ry  (?),  a. [L. insaluteris : cf. F. insalutaire. See In-
   not, and Salutary.]

   1. Not salutary or wholesome; unfavorable to health.

   2. Not tending to safety; productive of evil.


   In*san`a*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. The state of being insanable or incurable;


   In*san"a*ble  (?), a. [L. insanabilis; cf. OF. insanable. See In- not,
   and Sanable.] Not capable of being healed; incurable; irremediable.


   In*san"a*ble*ness,  n.  The  state  of  being insanable; insanability;


   In*san"a*bly, adv. In an incurable manner.


   In*sane" (?), a. [L. insanus. See In- not, and Sane.]

   1. Exhibiting unsoundness or disorded of mind; not sane; mad; deranged
   in mind; delirious; distracted. See Insanity, 2.

   2.  Used  by,  or  appropriated  to,  insane  persons;  as,  an insane

   3. Causing insanity or madness. [R.]

     Or have we eaten on the insaneroot That takes the reason prisoner ?

   4.   Characterized  by  insanity  or  the  utmost  folly;  chimerical;
   unpractical; as, an insane plan, attempt, etc.

     I know not which was the insane measure. Southey.


   In*sane"ly, adv. Without reason; madly; foolishly.


   In*sane"ness, n. Insanity; madness.


   In*sa"ni*ate  (?),  v.  t.  To  render  unsound;  to  make mad. [Obs.]


   In*sa"nie (?), n. Insanity. [Obs.] Shak.


   In*san"i*ta*ry   (?),  a.  Not  sanitary;  unhealthy;  as,  insanitary
   conditions of drainage.


   In*san`i*ta"tion  (?),  n.  Lack  of sanitation; careless or dangerous
   hygienic conditions.


   In*san"i*ty  (?),  n. [L. insanitas unsoundness; cf. insania insanity,
   F. insanite.]

   1.  The  state  of  being  insane; unsoundness or derangement of mind;
   madness; lunacy.

     All power of fancy overreason is a degree of insanity. Johnson.

     Without grace The heart's insanity admits no cure. Cowper.

   2.  (Law)  Such  a  mental condition, as, either from the existence of
   delusions,  or from incapacity to distinguish between right and wrong,
   with  regard  to  any  matter  under action, does away with individual
   responsibility.   Syn>-   Insanity,   Lunacy,   Madness,  Derangement,
   Aliention,  Aberration,  Mania, Delirium, Frenzy, Monomania, Dementia.
   Insanity  is the generic term for all such diseases; lunacy has now an
   equal  extent  of  meaning,  though  once  used  to  denote periodical
   insanity;  madness has the same extent, though originally referring to
   the  rage created by the disease; derangement, alienation, are popular
   terms  for insanity; delirium, mania, and frenzy denote excited states
   of  the  disease;  dementia  denotes  the loss of mental power by this
   means; monomania is insanity upon a single subject.


   In*sa"po*ry (?), a. [Pref. in- not + sapor.] Tasteless; unsavory. [R.]
   Sir T. Herbert.


   In*sa`tia*bil"i*ty (?), n., [L. insatiabilitas; cf. F. insatiabilite.]
   The state or quality of being insatiable; insatiableness.

     Eagerness  for increase of possession deluges the soul, and we sink
     into the gulfs of insatiability. Rambler.


   In*sa"tia*ble  (?),  a. [F. insatiable, L. ionsatiabilis. See In- not,
   and Satiable.] Not satiable; incapable of being satisfied or appeased;
   very greedy; as, an insatiable appetite, thirst, or desire.

     "Insatiable of glory." Milton.


   In*sa"tia*ble*ness,   n.  Greediness  of  appetite  that  can  not  be
   satisfied or appeased; insatiability.

     The  eye of the covetous hath a more particular insatiableness. Bp.


   In*sa"tia*bly,  adv.  In an insatiable manner or degree; unappeasably.
   "Insatiably covetous." South.


   In*sa"ti*ate  (?),  a.  [L.  insatiatus.]  Insatiable;  as,  insatiate

     The insatiate greediness of his desires. Shak.

     And still insatiate, thirsting still for blood. Hook.


   In*sa"ti*ate*ly, adv. Insatiably. Sir T. Herbert.


   In*sa"ti*ate*ness, n. The state of being insatiate.


   In`sa*ti"e*ty  (?), n. [L. insatietas: cf. F. insatiete. See Satiety.]
   Insatiableness. T. Grander.


   In*sat`is*fac"tion (?), n.

   1. Insufficiency; emptiness. [Obs.] Bacon.

   2. Dissatisfaction. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   In*sat"u*ra*ble (?), a. [L. insaturabilis: cf. F. insaturable. See In-
   not, and Saturable.] Not capable of being saturated or satisfied.


   In"science   (?),   n.  [L.  inscientia:  cf.F.  inscience.]  Want  of
   knowledge; ignorance. [Obs.]


   In"scient  (?),  a.  [L.  insciens, -entis, ignorant. See In- not, and
   Scient,  Science.]  Having  little  or no knowledge; ignorant; stupid;
   silly. [R.] N. Bacon.


   In"scient,  a. [Pref. in- in + L. sciens knowing.] Having knowledge or
   insight; intelligent. [R.]

     Gaze on, with inscient vision, toward the sun. Mrs. Browning.


   In*sconce" (?), v. t. See Ensconce.


   In*scrib"a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of being inscribed, -- used specif.
   (Math.) of solids or plane figures capable of being inscribed in other
   solids or figures.


   In*scrib"a*ble*ness, n. Quality of being inscribable.


   In*scribe"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Inscribed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inscribing.] [L. inscribere. See 1st In-, and Scribe.]

   1.  To  write  or  engrave;  to  mark down as something to be read; to

     Inscribe a verse on this relenting stone. Pope.

   2. To mark with letters, charakters, or words.

     O let thy once lov'd friend inscribe thy stone. Pope.

   3.  To  assign  or  address  to;  to  commend to by a shot address; to
   dedicate informally; as, to inscribe an ode to a friend. Dryden.

   4. To imprint deeply; to impress; to stamp; as, to inscribe a sentence
   on the memory.

   5. (Geom.) To draw within so as to meet yet not cut the boundaries.

     NOTE: &hand; A  line is inscribed in a circle, or in a sphere, when
     its  two  ends  are  in  the circumference of the circle, or in the
     surface of the sphere. A triangle is inscribed in another triangle,
     when  the  three  angles  of  the former are severally on the three
     sides  of  the  latter. A circle is inscribed in a polygon, when it
     touches  each  side  of  the  polygon.  A  sphere is inscribed in a
     polyhedron,  when  the  sphere  touches  each boundary plane of the
     polyhedron.  The  latter figure in each case is circumscribed about
     the former.


   In*scrib"er (?), n. One who inscribes. Pownall.


   In*scrip"ti*ble (?), a. Capable of being inscribed; inscribable.


   In*scrip"tion  (?),  n.  [L. inscriptio, fr.inscribere, inscriptum, to
   inscribe: cf. F. inscription. See Inscribe.]

   1. The act or process of inscribing.

   2. That which is inscribed; something written or engraved; especially,
   a  word  or  words  written  or  engraved  on  a  solid  substance for
   preservation  or  public  inspection;  as,  inscriptions on monuments,
   pillars, coins, medals, etc.

   3.  (Anat.)  A  line  of  division  or intersection; as, the tendinous
   inscriptions, or intersections, of a muscle.

   4.  An address, consignment, or informal dedication, as of a book to a
   person, as a mark of respect or an invitation of patronage.


   In*scrip"tive  (?), a. Bearing inscription; of the character or nature
   of an inscription.


   In*scroll"  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Inscrolled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inscrolling.] To write on a scroll; to record. [Written also inscrol.]


   In*scru`ta*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being inscrutable;


   In*scru"ta*ble (?), a. [L. inscrutabilis : cf. F. inscrutable. See In-
   not, and Scrutiny.] Unsearchable; incapable of being searched into and
   understood  by  inquiry  or  study;  impossible  or  difficult  to  be
   explained  or accounted for satisfactorily; obscure; incomprehensible;
   as, an inscrutable design or event.

     'T  is not in man To yield a reason for the will of Heaven Which is
     inscrutable. Beau. & Fl.

     Waiving a question so inscrutable as this. De Quincey.


   In*scru"ta*ble*ness,  n.  The  quality  or state of being inscrutable;


   In*scru"ta*bly, adv. In an inscrutable manner.


   In*sculp"  (?),  v.  t. [L. insculpere: cf. F. insculper. See 1st In-,
   and Sculptor.] To engrave; to carve; to sculpture. [Obs. & R.] Shak.

     Which he insculped in two likely stones. Drayton.


   In*sculp"tion (?), n. Inscription. [Obs.]


   In*sculp"ture (?), n. An engraving, carving, or inscription. [Obs.]

     On his gravestone this insculpture. Shak.


   In*sculp"tured (?), p. a. Engraved. Glover.


   In*seam"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Inseamed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inseaming.] To impress or mark with a seam or cicatrix. Pope.


   In*search" (?), v. t. To make search after; to investigate or examine;
   to ensearch. [Obs.]


   In*sec"a*ble  (?),  a. [L. insecabilis; pref. in- not + secabilis that
   may  be cut: cf. F. insecable.] Incapable of being divided by cutting;


   In"sect  (?),  n.  [F.insecte,  L.  insectum,  fr.  insectus,  p.p. of
   insecare  to  cut  in.  See  Section. The name was originally given to
   certain  small animals, whose bodies appear cut in, or almost divided.
   Cf. Entomology.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  the  Insecta;  esp., one of the Hexapoda. See

     NOTE: &hand; Th e he xapod insects pass through three stages during
     their  growth,  viz.,  the  larva, pupa, and imago or adult, but in
     some  of the orders the larva differs little from the imago, except
     in  lacking wings, and the active pupa is very much like the larva,
     except  in  having  rudiments  of  wings. In the higher orders, the
     larva is usually a grub, maggot, or caterpillar, totally unlike the
     adult,  while  the pupa is very different from both larva and imago
     and is inactive, taking no food.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) Any air-breathing arthropod, as a spider or scorpion.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  small  crustacean.  In a wider sense, the word is
   often loosely applied to various small invertebrates.

   4. Fig.: Any small, trivial, or contemptible person or thing. Thomson.
   <-- Russian: bukashka -->
   Insect  powder,a  powder  used for the extermination of insects; esp.,
   the  powdered  flowers  of  certain  species of Pyrethrum, a genus now
   merged  in  Chrysanthemum.  Called  also Persian powder.<-- containing
   pyrethrin -->


   In"sect (?), a.

   1. Of or pertaining to an insect or insects.

   2. Like an insect; small; mean; ephemeral.


   In*sec"ta (?), n. pl. [NL. See Insect.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  One of the classes of Arthropoda, including those that
   have  one pair of antenn\'91, three pairs of mouth organs, and breathe
   air  by  means  of trache\'91, opening by spiracles along the sides of
   the  body.  In  this  sense  it  includes  the Hexapoda, or six-legged
   insects and the Myriapoda, with numerous legs. See Insect, n.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  In  a  more  restricted sense, the Hexapoda alone. See

   3.  (Zo\'94l.) In the most general sense, the Hexapoda, Myriapoda, and
   Arachnoidea, combined.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ty pical Insecta, or hexapod insects, are divided
     into  several  orders,  viz.:  Hymenoptera,  as  the bees and ants;
     Diptera,  as  the  common  flies  and gnats; Aphaniptera, or fleas;
     Lepidoptera, or moths and butterflies; Neuroptera, as the ant-lions
     and  hellgamite;  Coleoptera, or beetles; Hemiptera, as bugs, lice,
     aphids;    Orthoptera,    as    grasshoppers    and    cockroaches;
     Pseudoneuroptera,  as  the dragon flies and termites; Euplexoptera,
     or  earwings;  Thysanura,  as the springtails, podura, and lepisma.
     See these words in the Vocabulary.


   In"sec*ta*ry   (?),   n.  A  place  for  keeping  living  insects.  --
   In`sec*ta"ri*um (#), n. [L.]


   In`sec*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  insectatio. See Insectator.] The act of
   pursuing; pursuit; harassment; persecution. [Obs.] Sir T. More.


   In`sec*ta"tor (?), n. [L., fr. insectari to pursue, freq. fr. insequi.
   See  Ensue.]  A  pursuer;  a  persecutor;  a censorious critic. [Obs.]


   In"sect*ed (?), a. Pertaining to, having the nature of, or resembling,
   an insect. Howell.


   In*sec"ti*cide  (?),  n.  [Insect  +  L. caedere to kill.] An agent or
   preparation   for   destroying   insects;   an   insect   powder.   --
   In*sec"ti*ci`dal (#), a.


   In*sec"tile  (?),  a. Pertaining to, or having the nature of, insects.


   In*sec"tion (?), n. [See Insect.] A cutting in; incisure; incision.


   In`sec*tiv"o*ra  (?), n. pl. [NL., from L. insectum an insect + vorare
   to devour.] (Zo\'94l.)

   1. An order of mammals which feed principally upon insects.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ey ar e mostly of small size, and their molar teeth
     have sharp cusps. Most of the species burrow in the earth, and many
     of  those  of cold climates hibernate in winter. The order includes
     the moles, shrews, hedgehogs, tanrecs, and allied animals, also the

   2.   A   division   of   the  Cheiroptera,  including  the  common  or
   insect-eating bats.


   In*sec"ti*vore (?), n.; pl. Insectivores (-v&omac;rz). [F.] (Zo\'94l.)
   One of the Insectivora.


   In`sec*tiv"o*rous  (?), a. [See Insectivora.] Feeding or subsisting on
   insects;  carnivorous.  The  term is applied: (a) to plants which have
   some  special  adaptation  for  catching and digesting insects, as the
   sundew,  Venus's flytrap, Sarracenia, etc. (b) to the Insectivora, and
   to many bats, birds, and reptiles.


   In`sec*tol"o*ger (?), n. An entomologist. [Obs.]


   In`sec*tol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Insect  +  -logy:  cf.  F.  insectologie.]
   Entomology. [Obs.]


   In`se*cure" (?), a.

   1.  Not  secure;  not  confident of safety or permanence; distrustful;
   suspicious; apprehensive of danger or loss.

     With sorrow and insecure apprehensions. Jer. Taylor.

   2. Not effectually guarded, protected, or sustained; unsafe; unstable;
   exposed to danger or loss. Bp. Hurg.

     The  trade  with  Egypt  was  exceedingly  insecure and precarious.


   In`se*cure"ly, adv. In an insecure manner.


   In`se*cure"ness, n. Insecurity.


   In`se*cu"ri*ty (?), n.; pl. Insecurities (#). [Pref.in- not + security
   : cf. LL. insecuritas, F. insecurite.]

   1. The condition or quality of being insecure; want of safety; danger;
   hazard; as, the insecurity of a building liable to fire; insecurity of
   a debt.

   2. The state of feeling insecure; uncertainty; want of confidence.

     With  what  insecurity  of  truth  we  ascribe  effects  . . . unto
     arbitrary calculations. Sir T. Browne.

     A time of insecurity, when interests of all sorts become objects of
     speculation. Burke.


   In`se*cu"tion  (?), n. [L. insecutio, fr. insequi p. p. insecutus. See
   Ensue.] A following after; close pursuit. [Obs.] Chapman.

   Page 769


   In*sem"i*nate  (?), v. t. [L. inseminatus, p. p. of inseminare to sow.
   See Seminate.] To sow; to impregnate. [Obs.]


   In*sem`i*na"tion (?), n. A sowing. [Obs.]


   In*sen"sate (?), a. [L. insensatus. See In- not, and Sensate.] Wanting
   sensibility; destitute of sense; stupid; foolish.

     The silence and the calm Of mute, insensate things. Wordsworth.

     The meddling folly or insensate ambition of statesmen. Buckle.

   -- In*sen"sate*ly, adv. -- In*sen"sate*ness, n.


   In*sense" (?), v. t. [Pref. in- in + sense.] To make to understand; to
   instruct. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   In*sen`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. insensibilit\'82.]

   1.  The  state  or  quality  of being insensible; want of sensibility;
   torpor;  unconsciousness; as, the insensibility produced by a fall, or
   by opiates.

   2.  Want  of  tenderness  or  susceptibility  of  emotion  or passion;
   dullness;   stupidity.  Syn.  --  Dullness;  numbness;  unfeelingness;
   stupidity; torpor; apathy; impassiveness; indifference.


   In*sen"si*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  insensibilis: cf. F. insensible. See In-
   not, and Sensible.]

   1.  Destitute  of  the  power of feeling or perceiving; wanting bodily
   sensibility. Milton.

   2.  Not susceptible of emotion or passion; void of feeling; apathetic;
   unconcerned;  indifferent; as, insensible to danger, fear, love, etc.;
   -- often used with of or to.

     Accept  an  obligation  without  being  a  slave  to  the giver, or
     insensible to his kindness. Sir H. Wotton.

     Lost in their loves, insensible of shame. Dryden.

   3.  Incapable  of being perceived by the senses; imperceptible. Hence:
   Progressing  by  imperceptible  degrees; slow; gradual; as, insensible

     Two  small and almost insensible pricks were found upon Cleopatra's
     arm. Sir T. Browne.

     They fall away, And languish with insensible decay. Dryden.

   4. Not sensible or reasonable; meaningless. [Obs.]

     If  it  make the indictment be insensible or uncertain, it shall be
     quashed. Sir M. Hale.

   Syn.  --  Imperceptible;  imperceivable;  dull;  stupid; torpid; numb;
   unfeeling;  apathetic; stoical; impassive; indifferent; unsusceptible;
   hard; callous.


   In*sen"si*ble*ness, n. Insensibility. Bp. Hall.


   In*sen"si*bly,  adv.  In  a  manner  not  to  be  felt  or  perceived;
   imperceptibly; gradually.

     The hills rise insensibly. Addison.


   In*sen"si*tive  (?),  a.  Not sensitive; wanting sensation, or wanting
   acute sensibility. Tillotson. Ruskin.


   In*sen"su*ous  (?),  a.  [Pref. in- not + sensuous.] Not sensuous; not
   pertaining to, affecting, or addressing, the senses.

     That  intermediate  door  Betwixt  the different planes of sensuous
     form And form insensuous. Mrs. Browning.


   In*sen"ti*ment  (?),  a.  Not  sentient; not having perception, or the
   power of perception.

     The . . . attributes of an insentient, inert substance. Reid.

     But  there  can  be  nothing  like  to  this sensation in the rose,
     because it is insentient. Sir W. Hamilton.


   In*sep`a*ra*bil"i*ty    (?),    n.   [L.   inseparabilitas:   cf.   F.
   ins\'82parabilit\'82.]  The  quality  or  state  of being inseparable;
   inseparableness. Locke.


   In*sep"a*ra*ble  (?), a. [L. inseparabilis: cf. F. ins\'82parable. See
   In-, and Separable.]

   1. Not separable; incapable of being separated or disjoined.

     The  history  of  every  language  is  inseparable from that of the
     people by whom it is spoken. Mure.

     Liberty  and  union,  now  and  forever,  one  and  inseparable. D.

   2.  (Gram.)  Invariably  attached to some word, stem, or root; as, the
   inseparable particle un-.


   In*sep"a*ra*ble*ness,  n.  The  quality or state of being inseparable;
   inseparability. Bp. Burnet.


   In*sep"a*ra*bly, adv. In an inseparable manner or condition; so as not
   to be separable. Bacon.

     And cleaves through life inseparably close. Cowper.


   In*sep"a*rate (?), a. [L. inseparatus. See In- not, and Separate.] Not
   separate; together; united. Shak.


   In*sep"a*rate*ly, adv. Inseparably. [Obs.] Cranmer.


   In*sert"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inserted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Inserting.]  [L. insertus, p. p. of inserere to insert; pref. in- in +
   serere  to join, connect. See Series.] To set within something; to put
   or  thrust  in;  to  introduce;  to cause to enter, or be included, or
   contained; as, to insert a scion in a stock; to insert a letter, word,
   or  passage  in  a  composition;  to  insert  an  advertisement  in  a

     These  words were very weakly inserted where they will be so liable
     to misconstruction. Bp. Stillingfleet.


   In*sert"ed,  a.  (Bot.) Situated upon, attached to, or growing out of,
   some  part;  --  said  especially  of the parts of the flower; as, the
   calyx,  corolla,  and  stamens  of  many flowers are inserted upon the
   receptacle. Gray.


   In*sert"ing, n.

   1. A setting in.

   2. Something inserted or set in, as lace, etc., in garments. [R.]


   In*ser"tion (?), n. [L. insertio: cf. F. insertion. See Insert.]

   1.  The  act  of inserting; as, the insertion of scions in stocks; the
   insertion of words or passages in writings.

   2.  The  condition  or  mode  of  being  inserted or attached; as, the
   insertion of stamens in a calyx.

   3.  That  which  is  set  in or inserted, especially a narrow strip of
   embroidered lace, muslin, or cambric.

   4.  (Anat.)  The point or part by which a muscle or tendon is attached
   to the part to be moved; -- in contradistinction to its origin.
   Epigynous  insertion  (Bot.), the insertion of stamens upon the ovary.
   -- Hypogynous insertion (Bot.), insertion beneath the ovary.


   In*serve"  (?), v. i. [L. inservire; in- in + servire to serve.] To be
   of use to an end; to serve. [Obs.]


   In*serv"i*ent (?), a. [L. inserviens, p. pr. of inservire.] Conducive;
   instrumental. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   In*ses"sion  (?),  n. [L. insessio, fr. insidere, insessum, to sit in.
   See Insidious.]

   1.  The  act  of  sitting,  as  in  a  tub  or  bath.  "Used by way of
   fomentation, insession, or bath." [R.] Holland.

   2. That in which one sits, as a bathing tub. [R.]

     Insessions be bathing tubs half full. Holland.


   In*ses"sor  (?),  n.; pl. Insessores (#). [See Insessores.] (Zo\'94l.)
   One  of  the Insessores. The group includes most of the common singing


   In`ses*so"res  (?),  n.  pl. [NL., fr. L. insessor, lit., one who sits
   down,  fr.  incidere.  See  Insession.]  (Zo\'94l.) An order of birds,
   formerly  established to include the perching birds, but now generally
   regarded as an artificial group.


   In`ses*so"ri*al (?), a. (Zo\'94l.)

   1. Pertaining to, or having the character of, perching birds.

   2. Belonging or pertaining to the Insessores.


   In*set" (?), v. t. To infix. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   In"set (?), n.

   1. That which is inserted or set in; an insertion.

   2.  (Bookbinding)  One  or  more  separate leaves inserted in a volume
   before  binding;  as:  (a)  A  portion of the printed sheet in certain
   sizes  of  books  which  is  cut  off before folding, and set into the
   middle  of  the  folded sheet to complete the succession of paging; --
   also called offcut. (b) A page or pages of advertisements inserted.


   In*sev"er*a*ble  (?),  a.  Incapable  of  being  severed; indivisible;
   inseparable. De Quincey.


   In*shad"ed (?), a. Marked with different shades. W. Browne.


   In"shave`  (?), n. (Mech.) A plane for shaving or dressing the concave
   or inside faces of barrel staves.


   In*sheathe" (?), v. t. To insert as in a sheath; to sheathe. Hughes.


   In*shell" (?), v. t. To hide in a shell. [Obs.] Shak.


   In*ship" (?), v. t. To embark. [Obs.] Shak.


   In"shore`  (?), a. Being near or moving towards the shore; as, inshore
   fisheries;  inshore  currents. -- adv. Towards the shore; as, the boat
   was headed inshore.


   In*shrine" (?), v. t. See Enshrine.


   In`sic*ca"tion (?), n. The act or process of drying in.


   In"side`  (?),  prep.  or  adv.  Within the sides of; in the interior;
   contained within; as, inside a house, book, bottle, etc.


   In"side`, a

   1.   Being  within;  included  or  inclosed  in  anything;  contained;
   interior;  internal; as, the inside passengers of a stagecoach; inside

     Kissing with inside lip. Shak.

   2. Adapted to the interior.
   Inside  callipers  (Mech.),  callipers  for measuring the diameters of
   holes,  etc.  --  Inside  finish (Arch.), a general term for the final
   work  in  any  building  necessary  for its completion, but other than
   unusual  decoration;  thus,  in  joiner  work,  the doors and windows,
   inside  shutters, door and window trimmings, paneled jams, baseboards,
   and  sometimes  flooring  and  stairs;  in plaster work, the finishing
   coat,  the  cornices,  centerpieces,  etc.,;  in  painting, all simple
   painting  of  woodwork and plastering. -- Inside track, the inner part
   of a race course; hence, colloquially, advantage of place, facilities,
   etc., in competition.


   In"side`, n.

   1. The part within; interior or internal portion; content.

     Looked he o' the inside of the paper? Shak.

   2.  pl.  The  inward  parts;  entrails;  bowels;  hence, that which is
   within; private thoughts and feelings.

     Here's   none  but  friends;  we  may  speak  Our  insides  freely.

   3.  An  inside passenger of a coach or carriage, as distinguished from
   one upon the outside. [Colloq. Eng.]

     So  down  thy  hill,  romantic  Ashbourne,  glides The Derby dilly,
     carrying three insides. Anti-Jacobin.

   Patent  insides OR outside, a name give to newspaper sheets printed on
   one   side  with  general  and  miscellaneous  matter,  and  furnished
   wholesale  to  offices  of small newspapers, where the blank pages are
   filled up with recent and local news.


   In*sid"i*ate  (?),  v. t. [L. insidiatus, p. p. of insidiare to lie in
   ambush,  fr.  insidiae.  See  Insidious.] To lie in ambush for. [Obs.]


   In*sid"i*a`tor (?), n. [L.] One who lies in ambush. [Obs.] Barrow.


   In*sid"i*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  insidiosus,  fr.  insidiae an ambush, fr.
   insidere  to  sit in; pref. in- + sedere to sit: cf. F. insidieux. See

   1.  Lying  in  wait;  watching  an  opportunity  to insnare or entrap;
   deceitful;  sly;  treacherous;  --  said of persons; as, the insidious
   foe. "The insidious witch." Cowper.

   2.  Intended  to  entrap;  characterized  by treachery and deceit; as,
   insidious arts.

     The insidious whisper of the bad angel. Hawthorne.

   Insidious disease (Med.), a disease existing, without marked symptoms,
   but  ready  to  become active upon some slight occasion; a disease not
   appearing  to be as bad as it really is. Syn. -- Crafty; wily; artful;
   sly;   designing;  guileful;  circumventive;  treacherous;  deceitful;
   deceptive. -- In*sid"i*ous*ly, adv. -- In*sid"i*ous*ness, n.


   In"sight` (?), n.

   1.  A  sight or view of the interior of anything; a deep inspection or
   view; introspection; -- frequently used with into.

     He had an insight into almost all the secrets of state. Jortin.

   2. Power of acute observation and deduction; penetration; discernment;

     Quickest  insight  In  all  things  that  to greatest actions lead.


   In*sig"ni*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [L.  insigne,  pl.  insignia, fr. insignis
   distinguished  by  a  mark;  pref.  in-  in + signum a mark, sign. See
   Ensign, Sign.]

   1.  Distinguishing  marks  of  authority,  office,  or  honor; badges;
   tokens; decorations; as, the insignia of royalty or of an order.

   2.  Typical  and  characteristic  marks or signs, by which anything is
   known or distinguished; as, the insignia of a trade.


   In`sig*nif"i*cance (?), n.

   1.   The   condition  or  quality  of  being  insignificant;  want  of
   significance,  sense,  or  meaning; as, the insignificance of words or

   2.  Want  of force or effect; unimportance; pettiness; inefficacy; as,
   the insignificance of human art.

   3.  Want  of  claim  to  consideration or notice; want of influence or
   standing; meanness.

     Reduce  him,  from being the first person in the nation, to a state
     of insignificance. Beattie.


   In`sig*nif"i*can*cy (?), n. Insignificance.


   In`sig*nif"i*cant (?), a.

   1.   Not   significant;  void  of  signification,  sense,  or  import;
   meaningless; as, insignificant words.

   2.  Having  no  weight  or  effect; answering no purpose; unimportant;
   valueless; futile.

     Laws  must  be  insignificant  without  the sanction of rewards and
     punishments. Bp. Wilkins.

   3. Without weight of character or social standing; mean; contemptible;
   as,   an   insignificant  person.  Syn.  --  Unimportant;  immaterial;
   inconsiderable; small; inferior; trivial; mean; contemptible.


   In`sig*nif"i*cant*ly,   adv.   without  significance,  importance,  or
   effect; to no purpose. "Anger insignificantly fierce." Cowper.


   In`sig*nif"i*ca*tive  (?),  a.  [L. insignificativus. See In- not, and
   Significative.] Not expressing meaning; not significant.


   In*sign"ment  (?),  n.  [See Insignia.] A token, mark, or explanation.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Elyot.


   In*sim"u*late  (?),  v.  t.  [L.  insimulatus,  p. p. of insimulare to
   accuse.] To accuse. [Obs.] Donne.


   In`sin*cere" (?), a. [L. insincerus. See In- not, and Sincere.]

   1.   Not  being  in  truth  what  one  appears  to  be;  not  sincere;
   dissembling;  hypocritical; disingenuous; deceitful; false; -- said of
   persons; also of speech, thought; etc.; as, insincere declarations.

   2. Disappointing; imperfect; unsound. [Obs.]

     To render sleep's soft blessings insincere. Pope.

   Syn. -- Dissembling; hollow; hypocritical; deceptive deceitful; false;
   disingenuous; untrustworthy.


   In`sin*cere"ly, adv. Without sincerity.


   In`sin*cer"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. insinc\'82rit\'82.] The quality of
   being  insincere;  want  of sincerity, or of being in reality what one
   appears to be; dissimulation; hypocritical; deceitfulness; hollowness;
   untrustworthiness;  as,  the  insincerity  of  a professed friend; the
   insincerity of professions of regard.

     What  men  call  policy  and knowledge of the world, is commonly no
     other thing than dissimulation and insincerity. Blair.


   In*sin"ew  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Insinewed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Insinewing.] To strengthen, as with sinews; to invigorate. [Obs.]

     All  members of our cause, . . . That are insinewed to this action.


   In*sin"u*ant  (?),  a.  [L.  insinuans,  p.  pr.:  cf.  F. insinuant.]
   Insinuating; insinuative. [Obs.]


   In*sin"u*ate  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Insinuated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Insinuating.]  [L.  insinuatus,  p. p. of insinuareto insinuate; pref.
   in- in + sinus the bosom. See Sinuous.]

   1.  To  introduce gently or slowly, as by a winding or narrow passage,
   or a gentle, persistent movement.

     The water easily insinuates itself into, and placidly distends, the
     vessels of vegetables. Woodward.

   2. To introduce artfully; to infuse gently; to instill.

     All  the  art  of  rhetoric,  besides  order and clearness, are for
     nothing  else  but to insinuate wrong ideas, move the passions, and
     thereby mislead the judgment. Locke.

     Horace laughs to shame all follies and insinuates virtue, rather by
     familiar examples than by the severity of precepts. Dryden.

   3. To hint; to suggest by remote allusion; -- often used derogatorily;
   as, did you mean to insinuate anything?

   4.  To push or work (one's self), as into favor; to introduce by slow,
   gentle, or artful means; to ingratiate; -- used reflexively.

     He  insinuated  himself  into  the  very  good grace of the Duke of
     Buckingham. Clarendon.

   Syn. -- To instill; hint; suggest; intimate.


   In*sin"u*ate, v. i.

   1.   To  creep,  wind,  or  flow  in;  to  enter  gently,  slowly,  or
   imperceptibly, as into crevices.

   2.  To ingratiate one's self; to obtain access or favor by flattery or

     He would insinuate with thee but to make thee sigh. Shak.

     To insinuate, flatter, bow, and bend my limbs. Shak.


   In*sin"u*a`ting  (?),  a. Winding, creeping, or flowing in, quietly or
   stealthily;  suggesting;  winning  favor  and  confidence  insensibly.

     His address was courteous, and even insinuating. Prescott.


   In*sin"u*a`ting*ly, adv. By insinuation.


   In*sin"u*a`tion (?), n. [L. insinuatio: cf. F. insinuation.]

   1.  The act or process of insinuating; a creeping, winding, or flowing

     By a soft insinuation mix'd With earth's large mass. Crashaw.

   2.  The  act  of  gaining favor, affection, or influence, by gentle or
   artful  means;  --  formerly  used  in  a  good  sense, as of friendly
   influence or interposition. Sir H. Wotton.

     I  hope  through  the  insinuation of Lord Scarborough to keep them
     here till further orders. Lady Cowper.

   3. The art or power of gaining good will by a prepossessing manner.

     He  bad a natural insinuation and address which made him acceptable
     in the best company. Clarendon.

   4.  That  which  is  insinuated; a hint; a suggestion or intimation by
   distant allusion; as, slander may be conveyed by insinuations.

     I scorn your coarse insinuation. Cowper.

   Syn. -- Hint; intimation; suggestion. See Innuendo.

   Page 770


   In*sin"u*a*tive (?), a. [Cf. F. insinuatif.]

   1.  Stealing  on or into the confidence or affections; having power to
   gain favor. "Crafty, insinuative, plausible men." Bp. Reynolds.

   2.  Using  insinuations;  giving  hints;  insinuating; as, insinuative


   In*sin"u*a`tor  (?),  n.  [L., an introducer.] One who, or that which,
   insinuates. De Foe.


   In*sin"u*a*to*ry (?), a. Insinuative.


   In*sip"id  (?),  a. [L. insipidus; pref. in- not + sapidus savory, fr.
   sapere to taste: cf. F. insipide. See Savor.]

   1.  Wanting in the qualities which affect the organs of taste; without
   taste or savor; vapid; tasteless; as, insipid drink or food. Boyle.

   2.  Wanting in spirit, life, or animation; uninteresting; weak; vapid;
   flat; dull; heavy; as, an insipid woman; an insipid composition.

     Flat, insipid, and ridiculous stuff to him. South.

     But his wit is faint, and his salt, if I may dare to say so, almost
     insipid. Dryden.

   Syn.  --  Tasteless;  vapid;  dull;  spiritless; unanimated; lifeless;
   flat; stale; pointless; uninteresting.

                            Insipidity, Insipidness

   In`si*pid"i*ty (?), In*sip"id*ness (?), n. [Cf. F. insipidit\'82.] The
   quality  or  state  of  being insipid; vapidity. "Dryden's lines shine
   strongly through the insipidity of Tate's." Pope.


   In*sip"id*ly,  adv.  In  an  insipid  manner;  without taste, life, or
   spirit; flatly. Locke. Sharp.


   In*sip"i*ence  (?),  n.  [L. insipientia: cf. OF. insipience.] Want of
   intelligence; stupidity; folly. [R.] Blount.


   In*sip"i*ent  (?),  a.  [L.  insipiens; pref. in- not + sapiens wise.]
   Wanting  wisdom;  stupid;  foolish. [R.] Clarendon. -- n. An insipient
   person. [R.] Fryth.


   In*sist"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Insisted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Insisting.]  [F.  insister,  L.  insistere  to  set foot upon, follow,
   persist; pref. in- in + sistere to stand, cause to stand. See Stand.]

   1.  To  stand  or rest; to find support; -- with in, on, or upon. [R.]

   2. To take a stand and refuse to give way; to hold to something firmly
   or  determinedly; to be persistent, urgent, or pressing; to persist in
   demanding;  -- followed by on, upon, or that; as, he insisted on these
   conditions; he insisted on going at once; he insists that he must have

     Insisting on the old prerogative. Shak.

     Without  further  insisting on the different tempers of Juvenal and
     Horace. Dryden.

   Syn.  --  Insist,  Persist.  --  Insist implies some alleged right, as
   authority  or  claim.  Persist may be from obstinacy alone, and either
   with  or  against  rights.  We insist as against others; we persist in
   what  exclusively  relates  to  ourselves;  as,  he  persisted in that
   course; he insisted on his friend's adopting it. C. J. Smith.


   In*sist"ence  (?),  n.  The  quality  of insisting, or being urgent or
   pressing;   the  act  of  dwelling  upon  as  of  special  importance;
   persistence; urgency.


   In*sist"ent (?), a. [L. insistens, -entis, p. pr. of insistere.]

   1.  Standing  or  resting  on something; as, an insistent wall. Sir H.

   2. Insisting; persistent; persevering.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) See Incumbent.


   In*sist"ent*ly, adv. In an insistent manner.


   In*sis"ture  (?;  135),  n.  A  dwelling  or  standing  on  something;
   fixedness; persistence. [Obs.] Shak.


   In*si"ten*cy  (?), n. [Pref. in- not + L. sitiens, p. pr. of sitire to
   be thirsty, fr. sitis thirst.] Freedom from thirst. [Obs.]

     The insitiency of a camel for traveling in deserts. Grew.


   In*si"tion  (?; 277), n. [L. insitio, fr. inserere, insitum, to sow or
   plant  in,  to  ingraft;  pref.  in-  in + serere, satum, to sow.] The
   insertion of a scion in a stock; ingraftment. Ray.

                                    In situ

   In`  si"tu  (?).  [L.]  In its natural position or place; -- said of a
   rock or fossil, when found in the situation in which it was originally
   formed or deposited.


   In*snare"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Insnared (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Insnaring.] [Written also ensnare.]

   1.  To  catch  in  a  snare;  to  entrap; to take by artificial means.
   "Insnare a gudgeon." Fenton.

   2.  To take by wiles, stratagem, or deceit; to involve in difficulties
   or  perplexities;  to  seduce  by artifice; to inveigle; to allure; to

     The insnaring charms Of love's soft queen. Glover.


   In*snar"er (?), n. One who insnares.


   In*snarl"  (?),  v.  t.  To make into a snarl or knot; to entangle; to
   snarl. [Obs.] Cotgrave.


   In`so*bri"e*ty  (?),  n.  [Pref. in- not + : cf. F. insobri\'82t\'82.]
   Want of sobriety, moderation, or calmness; intemperance; drunkenness.


   In*so`cia*bil"i*ty  (?),  n. [Cf. F. insociabilit\'82.] The quality of
   being   insociable;  want  of  sociability;  unsociability.  [R.]  Bp.


   In*so"cia*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  insociabilis: cf. F. insociable. See In-
   not, and Sociable.]

   1. Incapable of being associated, joined, or connected. [Obs.]

     Lime and wood are insociable. Sir H. Wotton.

   2. Not sociable or companionable; disinclined to social intercourse or
   conversation; unsociable; taciturn.

     This austere insociable life. Shak.


   In*so"cia*bly, adv. Unsociably.


   In*so"ci*ate  (?),  a.  Not  associate;  without  a companion; single;
   solitary; recluse. [Obs.] "The insociate virgin life." B. Jonson.


   In"so*late  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Insolated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Insolating.]  [L.  insolatus,  p. p. of insolare to expose to the sun;
   pref.  in-  in  +  sol the sun.] To dry in, or to expose to, the sun's
   rays; to ripen or prepare by such exposure. Johnson.


   In`so*la"tion (?), n. [L. insolatio: cf. F. insolation.]

   1.  The  act  or  process  to  exposing to the rays of the sun fro the
   purpose of drying or maturing, as fruits, drugs, etc., or of rendering
   acid, as vinegar.

   2.  (Med.)  (a)  A  sunstroke.  (b) Exposure of a patient to the sun's
   rays; a sun bath.


   In"sole`  (?),  n.  The  inside sole of a boot or shoe; also, a loose,
   thin strip of leather, felt, etc., placed


   In"so*lence (?), n. [F. insolence, L. insolentia. See Insolent.]

   1. The quality of being unusual or novel. [Obs.] Spenser.

   2.  The  quality of being insolent; pride or haughtiness manifested in
   contemptuous  and  overbearing treatment of others; arrogant contempt;
   brutal imprudence.

     Flown with insolence and wine. Milton.

   3. Insolent conduct or treatment; insult.

     Loaded with fetters and insolences from the soldiers. Fuller.


   In"so*lence, v. t. To insult. [Obs.] Eikon Basilike.


   In"so*len*cy (?), n. Insolence. [R.] Evelyn.


   In"so*lent  (?), a. [F. insolent, L. insolens, -entis, pref. in- not +
   solens accustomed, p. pr. of solere to be accustomed.]

   1.  Deviating  from  that which is customary; novel; strange; unusual.

     If  one  chance to derive any word from the Latin which is insolent
     to their ears . . . they forth with make a jest at it. Petti

     If any should accuse me of being new or insolent. Milton.

   2.  Haughty  and  contemptuous  or  brutal  in  behavior  or language;
   overbearing; domineering; grossly rude or disrespectful; saucy; as, an
   insolent  master;  an  insolent  servant. "A paltry, insolent fellow."

     Insolent is he that despiseth in his judgment all other folks as in
     regard  of  his  value, of his cunning, of his speaking, and of his
     bearing. Chaucer.

     Can  you not see? or will ye not observe . . . How insolent of late
     he is become, How proud, how peremptory? Shak.

   3.  Proceeding  from  or  characterized  by  insolence; insulting; as,
   insolent words or behavior.

     Their insolent triumph excited . . . indignation. Macaulay.

   Syn.  --  Overbearing; insulting; abusive; offensive; saucy; impudent;
   audacious;  pert;  impertinent;  rude;  reproachful;  opprobrious.  --
   Insolent,  Insulting. Insolent, in its primitive sense, simply denoted
   unusual;  and  to  act  insolently  was  to  act  in  violation of the
   established rules of social intercourse. He who did this was insolent;
   and  thus  the  word became one of the most offensive in our language,
   indicating  gross  disregard  for  the  feelings  of others. Insulting
   denotes  a  personal  attack,  either  in words or actions, indicative
   either of scorn or triumph. Compare Impertinent, Affront, Impudence.


   In"so*lent*ly, adv. In an insolent manner.


   In`so*lid"i*ty   (?),   n.   [Pref.   in-   not  +  solidity:  cf.  F.
   insolidit\'82.]  Want  of solidity; weakness; as, the insolidity of an
   argument. [R.] Dr. H. More.


   In*sol`u*bil"i*ty (?), n. [L. insolubilitas: cf. F. insolubilit\'82.]

   1. The quality or state of being insoluble or not dissolvable, as in a

   2. The quality of being inexplicable or insolvable.


   In*sol"u*ble  (?),  a.  [L.  insolubilis indissoluble, that can not be
   loosed:   cf.  F.  insoluble.  See  In-  not,  and  Soluble,  and  cf.

   1.  Not  soluble;  in capable or difficult of being dissolved, as by a
   liquid; as, chalk is insoluble in water.

   2.  Not to be solved or explained; insolvable; as, an insoluble doubt,
   question, or difficulty.

   3. Strong. "An insoluble wall." [Obs.] Holland


   In*sol"u*ble*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  insoluble;
   insolubility. Boyle.


   In*solv"a*ble (?), a.

   1.  Not solvable; insoluble; admitting no solution or explanation; as,
   an insolvable problem or difficulty. I. Watts.

   2. Incapable of being paid or discharged, as debts.

   3.  Not  capable of being loosed or disentangled; inextricable. "Bands
   insolvable." Pope.


   In*sol"ven*cy  (?), n.; pl. Insolvencies (. (Law) (a) The condition of
   being  insolvent; the state or condition of a person who is insolvent;
   the  condition of one who is unable to pay his debts as they fall due,
   or  in  the  usual  course  of  trade  and  business; as, a merchant's
   insolvency. (b) Insufficiency to discharge all debts of the owner; as,
   the  insolvency  of  an  estate.  Act of insolvency. See Insolvent law
   under Insolvent, a.


   In*sol"vent  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not + solvent: cf. OF. insolvent.]
   (Law)  (a)  Not  solvent;  not  having  sufficient estate to pay one's
   debts;  unable  to  pay  one's debts as they fall due, in the ordinary
   course  of  trade  and  business;  as,  in  insolvent  debtor. (b) Not
   sufficient to pay all the debts of the owner; as, an insolvent estate.
   (c)  Relating  to persons unable to pay their debts. Insolvent law, OR
   Act  of  insolvency,  a  law  affording  relief, -- subject to various
   modifications in different States, -- to insolvent debtors, upon their
   delivering  up  their property for the benefit of their creditors. See
   Bankrupt law, under Bankrupt, a.


   In*sol"vent, n. (Law) One who is insolvent; as insolvent debtor; -- in
   England,  before  1861,  especially  applied  to  persons not traders.


   In*som"ni*a  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr.  insomnis  sleepless; pref. in- not +
   somnus  sleep.]  Want  of  sleep;  inability  to  sleep;  wakefulness;


   In*som"ni*ous   (?),  a.  [L.  insomniosus,  fr.  insomnia  insomnia.]
   Restless; sleepless. Blount.


   In*som"no*lence (?), n. Sleeplessness.


   In`so*much"  (?), adv. So; to such a degree; in such wise; -- followed
   by that or as, and formerly sometimes by both. Cf. Inasmuch.

     Insomusch as that field is called . . . Aceldama. Acts i. 19.

     Simonides  was an excellent poet, insomuch that he made his fortune
     by it. L'Estrange.


   In`so*no"rous (?), a. Not clear or melodious.


   In*sooth" (?), adv. In sooth; truly. [Archaic]


   In`sou`ciance"    (?),    n.    [F.]    Carelessness;    heedlessness;
   thoughtlessness; unconcern.


   In`sou`ciant"   (?),   a.   [F.]   Careless;   heedless;  indifferent;
   unconcerned. J. S. Mill.


   In*soul"  (?),  v.  t.  To  set  a  soul in; reflexively, to fix one's
   strongest affections on. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.

     [He] could not but insoul himself in her. Feltham.


   In*span"  (?),  v. t. & i. [D. inspannen.] To yoke or harness, as oxen
   to a vehicle. [South Africa] <-- cf. outspan -->


   In*spect"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inspected;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inspecting.]  [L.  inspectus, p. p. of inspicere to inspect; pref. in-
   in + specere to look at, to view: cf. F. inspecter, fr. L. inspectare,
   freq. fr. inspicere. See Spy.]

   1.  To  look  upon;  to  view closely and critically, esp. in order to
   ascertain quality or condition, to detect errors, etc., to examine; to
   scrutinize; to investigate; as, to inspect conduct.

   2.  To  view  and  examine officially, as troops, arms, goods offered,
   work  done  for  the  public, etc.; to oversee; to superintend. Sir W.


   In*spect",  n.  [L.  inspectus. See Inspect, v. t.] Inspection. [Obs.]


   In*spect"tion (?), n. [L. inspectio: cf. F. inspection.]

   1.  The act or process of inspecting or looking at carefully; a strict
   or  prying  examination;  close  or  careful  scrutiny; investigation.

     With  narrow  search,  and  with  inspection deep, Considered every
     creature. Milton.

   2. The act of overseeing; official examination or superintendence.
   Trial  by  inspection (O. Eng. Law), a mode of trial in which the case
   was  settled  by  the individual observation and decision of the judge
   upon  the  testimony  of his own senses, without the intervention of a
   jury. Abbott.


   In*spect"ive   (?),   a.  [L.  inspectivus.]  Engaged  in  inspection;
   inspecting; involving inspection.


   In*spect"or  (?), n. [L.: cf. F. inspecteur.] One who inspects, views,
   or oversees; one to whom the supervision of any work is committed; one
   who  makes  an  official  view  or examination, as a military or civil
   officer;  a  superintendent;  a  supervisor;  an  overseer.  Inspector
   general  (Mil.), a staff officer of an army, whose duties are those of
   inspection,   and   embrace   everything   relative  to  organization,
   recruiting,  discharge,  administration,  accountability for money and
   property, instruction, police, and discipline.


   In*spect"or*ate (?), n. Inspectorship. [R.]


   In`spec*to"ri*al  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  an inspector or to
   inspection. [R.]


   In*spect"or*ship (?), n.

   1. The office of an inspector.

   2. The district embraced by an inspector's jurisdiction.


   In*spect"ress, n. A female inspector.


   In*sperse"  (?),  v. t. [L. inspersus, p. p. of inspergere to sprinkle
   upon;  pref.  in-  in,  on  +  spargere  to sprinkle.] To sprinkle; to
   scatter. [Obs.] Bailey.


   In*sper"sion  (?),  n.  [L.  inspersio.] The act of sprinkling. [Obs.]


   In*spex"i*mus  (?),  n.  [L.,  we  have  inspected.] The first word of
   ancient charters in England, confirming a grant made by a former king;
   hence, a royal grant.


   In*sphere"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Insphered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Insphering.]  [Cf.  Ensphere.] To place in, or as in, an orb a sphere.
   Cf. Ensphere.

     Bright a\'89rial spirits live insphered In regions mild of calm and
     serene air. Milton.


   In*spir"a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of  being inspired or drawn into the
   lungs; inhalable; respirable; admitting inspiration. Harvey.


   In`spi*ra"tion (?), n. [F. inspiration, L. inspiratio. See Inspire.]

   1.  The  act of inspiring or breathing in; breath; specif. (Physiol.),
   the  drawing  of  air  into  the  lungs,  accomplished  in  mammals by
   elevation  of  the chest walls and flattening of the diaphragm; -- the
   opposite of expiration.

   2.  The  act  or  power  of  exercising  an  elevating  or stimulating
   influence upon the intellect or emotions; the result of such influence
   which quickens or stimulates; as, the inspiration of occasion, of art,

     Your  father  was  ever  virtuous, and holy men at their death have
     good inspirations. Shak.

   3. (Theol.) A supernatural divine influence on the prophets, apostles,
   or  sacred  writers, by which they were qualified to communicate moral
   or  religious  truth  with  authority;  a supernatural influence which
   qualifies men to receive and communicate divine truth; also, the truth

     All Scripture is given by inspiration of God. 2 Tim. iii. 16.

     The  age  which  we  now  live  in is not an age of inspiration and
     impulses. Sharp.

   Plenary  inspiration (Theol.), that kind of inspiration which excludes
   all  defect  in  the  utterance  of  the  inspired  message. -- Verbal
   inspiration  (Theol.),  that  kind of inspiration which extends to the
   very words and forms of expression of the divine message.


   In`spi*ra"tion*al (?), a. Pertaining to inspiration.


   In`spi*ra"tion*ist, n. One who holds to inspiration.


   In"spi*ra`tor  (?), n. (Mach.) A kind of injector for forcing water by
   steam. See Injector, n., 2.


   In*spir"to*ry  (?),  a. Pertaining to, or aiding, inspiration; as, the
   inspiratory muscles.


   In*spire"  (?),  v.  t.  [OE.  enspiren,  OF.  enspirer,  inspirer, F.
   inspirer,  fr.  L.  inspirare;  pref. in- in + spirare to breathe. See

   1. To breathe into; to fill with the breath; to animate.

     When  Zephirus  eek,  with  his  sweete breath, Inspir\'8ad hath in
     every holt and health The tender crops. Chaucer.

     Descend,  ye  Nine,  descend  and  sing,  The breathing instruments
     inspire. Pope.

   2. To infuse by breathing, or as if by breathing.

     He  knew  not  his  Maker, and him that inspired into him an active
     soul. Wisdom xv. 11.

   3.  To draw in by the operation of breathing; to inhale; -- opposed to

     Forced to inspire and expire the air with difficulty. Harvey.

   Page 771

   4.  To  infuse into the mind; to communicate to the spirit; to convey,
   as by a divine or supernatural influence; to disclose preternaturally;
   to produce in, as by inspiration.

     And generous stout courage did inspire. Spenser.

     But dawning day new comfort hath inspired. Shak.

   5.  To  infuse  into;  to  affect,  as with a superior or supernatural
   influence;  to  fill  with  what  animates,  enlivens,  or  exalts; to
   communicate  inspiration to; as, to inspire a child with sentiments of

     Erato,  thy  poet's  mind  inspire,  And  fill  his  soul  with thy
     celestial fire. Dryden.


   In*spire"  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Inspired;  p.  pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  draw  in  breath;  to inhale air into the lungs; -- opposed to

   2. To breathe; to blow gently. [Obs.]

     And  when  the  wind amongst them did inspire, They wav\'8ad like a
     penon wide dispread. Spenser.


   In*spired" (?), a.

   1. Breathed in; inhaled.

   2.  Moved or animated by, or as by, a supernatural influence; affected
   by  divine  inspiration;  as,  the  inspired  prophets;  the  inspired

   3.  Communicated  or  given  as by supernatural or divine inspiration;
   having   divine   authority;   hence,  sacred,  holy;  --  opposed  to
   uninspired,  profane,  or secular; as, the inspired writings, that is,
   the Scriptures.


   In*spir"er (?), n. One who, or that which, inspirer. "Inspirer of that
   holy flame." Cowper.


   In*spir"ing,  a.  Animating;  cheering;  moving;  exhilarating; as, an
   inspiring or scene.


   In*spir"it  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Inspirited; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inspiriting.]  To  infuse  new  life  or  spirit  into; to animate; to
   encourage; to invigorate.

     The  courage  of  Agamemnon is inspirited by the love of empire and
     ambition. Pope.

   Syn. -- To enliven; invigorate; exhilarate; animate; cheer; encourage;


   In*spis"sate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inspissated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Inspissating  (?).]  [L.  inspissatus, p. p. of inspissare to thicken;
   pref.  in-  +  spissare  to thicken, fr. spissus thick.] To thicken or
   bring to greater consistence, as fluids by evaporation.


   In*spis"sate  (?),  a.  [L.  inspissatus,  p.  p.] Thick or thickened;
   inspissated. Greenhill.


   In`spis*sa"tion  (?),  n.  The  act or the process of inspissating, or
   thickening  a  fluid  substance, as by evaporation; also, the state of
   being so thickened.


   In`sta*bil"i*ty  (?), n.; pl. Instabilities (#). [L. instabilitas: cf.
   F. instabilit\'82.]

   1.  The  quality  or  condition  of being unstable; want of stability,
   firmness, or steadiness; liability to give way or to fail; insecurity;
   precariousness; as, the instability of a building.

   2.  Lack  of  determination  of  fixedness;  inconstancy;  fickleness;
   mutability;  changeableness;  as,  instability  of  character, temper,
   custom, etc. Addison. Syn. -- Inconstancy; fickleness; changeableness;
   wavering; unsteadiness; unstableness.


   In*sta"ble  (?),  a. [L. instabilis: cf. F. instable. See In- not, and
   Stable,  a., and cf. Unstable.] Not stable; not standing fast or firm;
   unstable;   prone  to  change  or  recede  from  a  purpose;  mutable;


   In*sta"ble*ness, n. Instability; unstableness.


   In*stall"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Installed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Installing.]  [F.  installer,  LL. installare, fr. pref. in- in + OHG.
   stal  a  place, stall, G. stall, akin to E. stall: cf. It. installare.
   See Stall.] [Written also instal.]

   1. To set in a seat; to give a place to; establish (one) in a place.

     She installed her guest hospitably by the fireside. Sir W. Scott.

   2. To place in an office, rank, or order; to invest with any charge by
   the  usual  ceremonies;  to  instate;  to  induct;  as,  to install an
   ordained  minister  as  pastor  of  a  church;  to  install  a college

     Unworthily Thou wast installed in that high degree. Shak.


   In`stal*la"tion  (?),  n.  [F.  installation, LL. installatio: cf. It.
   installazione. See Install.]

   1.  The  act of installing or giving possession of an office, rank, or
   order,  with the usual rites or ceremonies; as, the installation of an
   ordained minister in a parish.

     On  the  election, the bishop gives a mandate for his installation.

   2.  (Mech.)  The  whole  of  a  system  of  machines,  apparatus,  and
   accessories,  when  set  up  and arranged for practical working, as in
   electric lighting, transmission of power, etc.


   In*stall"ment (?), n. [Written also instalment.]

   1. The act of installing; installation.

     Take  oaths from all kings and magistrates at their installment, to
     do impartial justice by law. Milton.

   2. The seat in which one is placed. [Obs.]

     The  several  chairs  of  order,  look,  you scour; . . . Each fair
     installment, coat, and several crest With loyal blazon, evermore be
     blest. Shak.

   3.  A  portion  of  a  debt,  or  sum  of money, which is divided into
   portions  that  are  made  payable  at  different  times.  Payment  by
   installment  is  payment  by parts at different times, the amounts and
   times being often definitely stipulated. Bouvier.


   In*stamp" (?), v. t. See Enstamp.


   In"stance  (?),  n.  [F.  instance,  L.  instantia,  fr.  instans. See

   1.  The  act  or  quality  of  being  instant  or  pressing;  urgency;
   solicitation; application; suggestion; motion.

     Undertook at her instance to restore them. Sir W. Scott.

   2. That which is instant or urgent; motive. [Obs.]

     The  instances  that  second  marriage  move  Are  base respects of
     thrift, but none of love. Shak.

   3. Occasion; order of occurrence.

     These seem as if, in the time of Edward I., they were drawn up into
     the form of a law, in the first instance. Sir M. Hale.

   4.  That  which  offers  itself or is offered as an illustrative case;
   something  cited  in  proof  or  exemplification; a case occurring; an

     Most remarkable instances of suffering. Atterbury.

   5. A token; a sign; a symptom or indication. Shak.
   Causes  of  instance,  those which proceed at the solicitation of some
   party. Hallifax. -- Court of first instance, the court by which a case
   is first tried. -- For instance, by way of example or illustration. --
   Instance  Court  (Law),  the  Court  of  Admiralty  acting  within its
   ordinary  jurisdiction,  as  distinguished  from its action as a prize
   court. Syn. -- Example; case. See Example.
   In"stance  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Instanced (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Instancing  (?).]  To  mention  as  a case or example; to refer to; to
   cite; as, to instance a fact. H. Spenser. 

     I shall not instance an abstruse author. Milton.


   In"stance, v. i. To give an example. [Obs.]

     This story doth not only instance in kingdoms, but in families too.
     Jer. Taylor.


   In"stan*cy (?), n. Instance; urgency. [Obs.]

     Those  heavenly  precepts  which  our Lord and Savior with so great
     instancy gave. Hooker.


   In"stant (?), a. [L. instans, -antis, p. pr. of instare to stand upon,
   to  press  upon;  pref.  in-  in,  on + stare to stand: cf. F. in. See

   1. Pressing; urgent; importunate; earnest.

     Rejoicing  in  hope;  patient in tribulation; continuing instant in
     prayer. Rom. xii. 12. 

     I  am  beginning  to  be  very instant for some sort of occupation.

   2.  Closely  pressing  or  impending in respect to time; not deferred;
   immediate; without delay.

     Impending death is thine, and instant doom. Prior.

   3. Present; current.

     The instant time is always the fittest time. Fuller.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e wo rd in this sense is now used only in dates, to
     indicate the current month; as, the tenth of July instant.


   In"stant, adv. Instantly. [Poetic]

     Instant he flew with hospitable haste. Pope.


   In"stant,  n.  [F.  instant,  fr.  L. instans standing by, being near,
   present. See Instant, a.]

   1.  A  point  in duration; a moment; a portion of time too short to be
   estimated; also, any particular moment.

     There  is scarce an instant between their flourishing and their not
     being. Hooker.

   2. A day of the present or current month; as, the sixth instant; -- an
   elliptical expression equivalent to the sixth of the month instant, i.
   e.,  the  current  month.  See  Instant, a., 3. Syn. -- Moment; flash;


   In*stan`ta*ne"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. instantan\'82it\'82.] Quality of
   being instantaneous. Shenstone.


   In`stan*ta"ne*ous (?), a. [Cf. F. instantan\'82.]

   1.  Done  or  occurring  in  an  instant,  or  without any perceptible
   duration  of  time;  as,  the  passage  of  electricity  appears to be

     His  reason  saw  With  instantaneous  view,  the  truth of things.

   2.  At  or  during  a  given  instant; as, instantaneous acceleration,
   velocity, etc.
   Instantaneous  center  of  rotation  (Kinematics),  in a plane or in a
   plane  figure which has motions both of translation and of rotation in
   the  plane,  is  the  point  which  for  the  instant  is  at rest. --
   Instantaneous  axis  of  rotation  (Kinematics),  in  a body which has
   motions both of translation and rotation, is a line, which is supposed
   to  be  rigidly  united with the body, and which for the instant is at
   rest.  The  motion  of  the  body  is  for  the instant simply that of
   rotation  about  the instantaneous axis. -- In`stan*ta"ne*ous*ly, adv.
   -- In`stan*ta"ne*ous*ness, n.


   In*stan"ter  (?),  adv.  [L., vehemently, earnestly. See Instant, n. &
   a.] Immediately; instantly; at once; as, he left instanter.


   In"stant*ly (?), adv.

   1.  Without  the  least  delay  or  interval;  at  once;  immediately.

   2.  With urgency or importunity; earnestly; pressingly. "They besought
   him  instantly."  Luke vii. 4. Syn. -- Directly; immediately; at once.
   See Directly.


   In*star"  (?),  v.  t.  To  stud  as with stars. [R.] "A golden throne
   instarred with gems." J. Barlow.


   In*state"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Instated;  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Instating.]  To  set,  place,  or  establish, as in a rank, office, or
   condition; to install; to invest; as, to instate a person in greatness
   or in favor. Shak.


   In*stau"rate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Instaurated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Instaurating  (?).] [L. instauratus, p. p. of instaurare to renew. See
   1st In-, and Store.] To renew or renovate. [R.]


   In`stau*ra"tion   (?),  n.  [L.  instauratio:  cf.  F.  instauration.]
   Restoration  after  decay,  lapse,  or  dilapidation; renewal; repair;
   renovation; renaissance.

     Some great catastrophe or . . . instauration. T. Burnet.


   In"stau*ra`tor  (?),  n.  [L.: cf. F. instaurateur.] One who renews or
   restores to a former condition. [R.] Dr. H. More.


   In*staure"  (?),  v.  t.  [See  Instaurate.]  To renew or renovate; to
   instaurate. [Obs.] Marston.


   In*stead" (?), adv. [Pref. in- + stead place.]

   1. In the place or room; -- usually followed by of.

     Let thistles grow of wheat. Job xxxi. 40.

     Absalom  made  Amasa  captain  of  the host instead of Joab. 2 Sam.
     xvii. 25.

   2. Equivalent; equal to; -- usually with of. [R.]

     This  very  consideration  to  a  wise man is instead of a thousand
     arguments,  to  satisfy  him, that in those times no such thing was
     believed. Tillotson.


   In*steep"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Insteeped (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Insteeping.]  To  steep  or  soak;  to  drench.  [R.]  "In gore he lay
   insteeped." Shak.


   In"step (?), n. [Formerly also instop, instup.]

   1.  The  arched  middle portion of the human foot next in front of the
   ankle joint.

   2.  That part of the hind leg of the horse and allied animals, between
   the hock, or ham, and the pastern joint.


   In"sti*gate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Instigated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Instigating  (?).]  [L.  instigatus,  p. p. of instigare to instigate;
   pref.  in-  in  +  a  root  akin to G. stechen to prick, E. stick. See
   Stick.]  To goad or urge forward; to set on; to provoke; to incite; --
   used  chiefly with reference to evil actions; as to instigate one to a

     He  hath  only instigated his blackest agents to the very extent of
     their malignity. Bp. Warburton.

   Syn.  --  To  stimulate;  urge;  spur;  provoke; tempt; incite; impel;
   encourage; animate.


   In"sti*ga`ting*ly, adv. Incitingly; temptingly.


   In`sti*ga"tion (?), n. [L. instigatio: cf. F. instigation.] The act of
   instigating,  or  the  state  of being instigated; incitement; esp. to
   evil or wickedness.

     The  baseness  and villainy that . . . the instigation of the devil
     could bring the sons of men to. South.


   In"sti*ga`tor  (?), n. [L.: cf. F. instigateur.] One who instigates or
   incites. Burke.


   In*still"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Instilled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Instilling.]  [L.  instillare, instillatum; pref. in- in + stillare to
   drop, fr. stilla a drop: cf. F. instiller. See Distill.] [Written also
   instil.]  To  drop  in;  to  pour  in  drop  by drop; hence, to impart
   gradually; to infuse slowly; to cause to be imbibed.

     That  starlight  dews  All  silently  their  tears of love instill.

     How hast thou instilled Thy malice into thousands. Milton.

   Syn. -- To infuse; impart; inspire; implant; inculcate; insinuate.


   In`stil*la"tion  (?), n. [L. instillatio: cf. F. instillation.] The of
   instilling; also, that which is instilled. Johnson.


   In"still*la`tor (?), n. An instiller. [R.]


   In*still"la*to*ry (?), a. Belonging to instillation. [R.]


   In*still"er (?), n. One who instills. Skelton.


   In*still"ment  (?),  n.  The  act  of  instilling; also, that which is
   instilled. [Written also instilment.]


   In*stim"u*late  (?),  v.  t.  [Pref.  in-  not  +  stimulate.]  Not to
   stimulate; to soothe; to quiet. [Obs.] Cheyne.


   In*stim"u*late,   v.   t.  [L.  instimulatus,  p.  p.  instimulare  to
   stimulate.  See  1st  In-,  and  Stimulate.]  To stimulate; to excite.
   [Obs.] Cockerman.


   In*stim`u*la"tion (?), n. Stimulation.


   In*stinct"  (?), a. [L. instinctus, p. p. of instinguere to instigate,
   incite; cf. instigare to instigate. Cf. Instigate, Distinguish.] Urged
   or sas, birds instinct with life.

     The  chariot  of  paternal deity . . . Itself instinct with spirit,
     but convoyed By four cherubic shapes. Milton.

     A noble performance, instinct with sound principle. Brougham.


   In"stinct (?), n. [L. instinctus instigation, impulse, fr. instinguere
   to instigate: cf. F. instinct. See Instinct, a.]

   1.  Natural  inward  impulse; unconscious, involuntary, or unreasoning
   prompting  to any mode of action, whether bodily, or mental, without a
   distinct apprehension of the end or object to be accomplished.

     An instinct is a propensity prior to experience, and independent of
     instructions. Paley.

     An instinct is a blind tendency to some mode of action, independent
     of any consideration, on the part of the agent, of the end to which
     the action leads. Whately.

     An  instinct  is  an  agent which performs blindly and ignorantly a
     work of intelligence and knowledge. Sir W. Hamilton.

     By a divine instinct, men's minds mistrust Ensuing dangers. Shak.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Specif., the natural, unreasoning, impulse by which an
   animal  is  guided  to  the  performance  of  any  action,  without of
   improvement in the method.

     The  resemblance  between  what  originally  was  a  habit,  and an
     instinct becomes so close as not to be distinguished. Darwin.

   3.  A  natural  aptitude or knack; a predilection; as, an instinct for
   order; to be modest by instinct.


   In*stinct"  (?), v. t. To impress, as an animating power, or instinct.
   [Obs.] Bentley.


   In*stinc"tion (?), n. Instinct; incitement; inspiration. [Obs.] Sir T.


   In*stinc"tive  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  instinctif.]  Of  or  pertaining to
   instinct;  derived  from,  or  prompted by, instinct; of the nature of
   instinct;  determined  by  natural  impulse  or  propensity; acting or
   produced  without reasoning, deliberation, instruction, or experience;
   spontaneous.   "Instinctive   motion."  Milton.  "Instinctive  dread."

     With taste instinctive give Each grace appropriate. Mason.

     Have  we  had  instinctive  intimations of the death of some absent
     friends? Bp. Hall.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e te rms in stinctive belief, instinctive judgment,
     instinctive   cognition,   are   expressions  not  ill  adapted  to
     characterize a belief, judgment, or cognition, which, as the result
     of  no  anterior  consciousness,  is,  like  the products of animal
     instinct, the intelligent effect of (as far as we are concerned) an
     unknown cause.

   Sir  H.  Hamilton.  Syn. -- Natural; voluntary; spontaneous; original;
   innate; inherent; automatic.


   In*stinc"tive*ly, adv. In an instinctive manner; by force of instinct;
   by natural impulse.


   In`stinc*tiv"i*ty  (?),  n.  The  quality  of  being  instinctive,  or
   prompted by instinct. [R.] Coleridge.


   In*stip"u*late (?), a. See Exstipulate.


   In"sti*tute  (?),  p.  a. [L. institutus, p. p. of instituere to place
   in,  to  institute,  to  instruct; pref. in- in + statuere to cause to
   stand, to set. See Statute.] Established; organized; founded. [Obs.]

     They  have but few laws. For to a people so instruct and institute,
     very few to suffice. Robynson (More's Utopia).

   Page 772


   In"sti*tute  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Instituted (?); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  set up; to establish; to ordain; as, to institute laws, rules,

   2. To originate and establish; to found; to organize; as, to institute
   a court, or a society.

     Whenever  any  from of government becomes destructive of these ends
     it  is  the  right  of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to
     institute a new government. Jefferson (Decl. of Indep. ).

   3. To nominate; to appoint. [Obs.]

     We  institute your Grace To be our regent in these parts of France.

   4. To begin; to commence; to set on foot; as, to institute an inquiry;
   to institute a suit.

     And  haply  institute  A  course of learning and ingenious studies.

   5.  To ground or establish in principles and rudiments; to educate; to
   instruct. [Obs.]

     If  children  were  early  instituted,  knowledge  would insensibly
     insinuate itself. Dr. H. More.

   6.  (Eccl.  Law) To invest with the spiritual charge of a benefice, or
   the  care of souls. Blackstone. Syn. -- To originate; begin; commence;
   establish; found; erect; organize; appoint; ordain.


   In"sti*tute,  n. [L. institutum: cf. F. institut. See Institute, v. t.
   & a.]

   1.  The  act  of instituting; institution. [Obs.] "Water sanctified by
   Christ's institute." Milton.

   2.  That  which is instituted, established, or fixed, as a law, habit,
   or custom. Glover.

   3.  Hence: An elementary and necessary principle; a precept, maxim, or
   rule,  recognized  as  established  and  authoritative; usually in the
   plural,  a  collection  of  such  principles  and  precepts;  esp.,  a
   comprehensive  summary  of  legal  principles  and  decisions; as, the
   Institutes of Justinian; Coke's Institutes of the Laws of England. Cf.
   Digest, n.

     They made a sort of institute and digest of anarchy. Burke.

     To make the Stoics' institutes thy own. Dryden.

   4.  An  institution;  a  society  established  for  the  promotion  of
   learning,  art,  science,  etc.;  a  college;  as,  the  Institute  of
   Technology;  also,  a building owned or occupied by such an institute;
   as, the Cooper Institute.

   5.  (Scots  Law)  The  person  to  whom  an  estate  is first given by
   destination or limitation. Tomlins.
   Institutes  of  medicine,  theoretical  medicine;  that  department of
   medical  science  which  attempts  to  account philosophically for the
   various  phenomena of health as well as of disease; physiology applied
   to the practice of medicine. Dunglison.


   In"sti*tu`ter (?), n. An institutor. [R.]


   In`sti*tu"tion (?), n. [L. institutio: cf. F. institution.]

   1.   The  act  or  process  of  instituting;  as:  (a)  Establishment;
   foundation; enactment; as, the institution of a school.

     The  institution  of God's law is described as being established by
     solemn injunction. Hooker.

   (b) Instruction; education. [Obs.] Bentley. (c) (Eccl. Law) The act or
   ceremony  of  investing  a  clergyman  with  the  spiritual  part of a
   benefice,  by  which  the  care  of  souls is committed to his charge.

   2.  That  which  instituted or established; as: (a) Established order,
   method,  or  custom;  enactment;  ordinance;  permanent form of law or

     The nature of our people, Our city's institutions. Shak.

   (b)   An   established   or   organized  society  or  corporation;  an
   establishment,  especially  of  a  public  character,  or  affecting a
   community;  a  foundation;  as,  a  literary institution; a charitable
   institution;  also,  a  building  or the buildings occupied or used by
   such  organization;  as,  the  Smithsonian  Institution.  (c) Anything
   forming  a characteristic and persistent feature in social or national
   life or habits.

     We  ordered  a  lunch (the most delightful of English institutions,
     next to dinner) to be ready against our return. Hawthorne.

   3.  That  which  institutes  or  instructs;  a  textbook;  a system of
   elements or rules; an institute. [Obs.]

     There  is another manuscript, of above three hundred years old, . .
     . being an institution of physic. Evelyn.


   In`sti*tu"tion*al (?), a.

   1.  Pertaining  to,  or  treating  of, institutions; as, institutional

     Institutional writers as Rousseau. J. S. Mill.

   2. Instituted by authority.

   3. Elementary; rudimental.


   In`sti*tu"tion*a*ry (?), a.

   1. Relating to an institution, or institutions.

   2.   Containing   the   first   principles  or  doctrines;  elemental;


   In"sti*tu`tist  (?),  n. A writer or compiler of, or a commentator on,
   institutes. [R.] Harvey.


   In"sti*tu`tive (?), a.

   1.  Tending  or  intended to institute; having the power to establish.

   2.  Established;  depending  on,  or  characterized by, institution or
   order. "Institutive decency." Milton.


   In"sti*tu`tive*ly adv. In conformity with an institution. Harrington.


   In"sti*tu`tor (?), n. [L.: cf. F. instituteur.]

   1. One who institutes, founds, ordains, or establishes.

   2. One who educates; an instructor. [Obs.] Walker.

   3. (Episcopal Church) A presbyter appointed by the bishop to institute
   a rector or assistant minister over a parish church.


   In*stop" (?), v. t. To stop; to close; to make fast; as, to instop the
   seams. [Obs.] Dryden.


   In*store" (?), v. t. [See Instaurate, Store.] To store up; to inclose;
   to contain. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   In*strat"i*fied (?), a. Interstratified.


   In*struct"  (?),  a.  [L.  instructus,  p. p. of instruere to furnish,
   provide, construct, instruct; pref. in- in, struere. See Structure.]

   1. Arranged; furnished; provided. [Obs.] "He had neither ship instruct
   with oars, nor men." Chapman.

   2. Instructed; taught; enlightened. [Obs.] Milton.


   In*struct"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Instructed; p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To put in order; to form; to prepare. [Obs.]

     They speak to the merits of a cause, after the proctor has prepared
     and instructed the same for a hearing. Ayliffe.

   2.  To  form  by communication of knowledge; to inform the mind of; to
   impart  knowledge  or  information  to;  to  enlighten;  to  teach; to

     Schoolmasters  will  I  keep  within  my house, Fit to instruct her
     youth. Shak.

   3.  To  furnish with directions; to advise; to direct; to command; as,
   the judge instructs the jury.

     She, being before instructed of her mother, said, Give me here John
     Baptist's head in a charger. Matt. xiv. 8.

     Take her in; instruct her what she has to do. Shak.

   Syn.  --  To  teach; educate; inform; train; discipline; indoctrinate;
   direct; enjoin.


   In*struct"er (?), n. See Instructor.


   In*struct"i*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of  being  instructed;  teachable;
   docible. Bacon.


   In*struc"tion (?), n. [L. instructio: cf. F. instruction.]

   1.  The  act  of  instructing, teaching, or furnishing with knowledge;

   2.  That  which  instructs,  or  with  which  one  is  instructed; the
   intelligence  or  information  imparted; as: (a) Precept; information;
   teachings.  (b)  Direction; order; command. "If my instructions may be
   your  guide."  Shak.  Syn.  --  Education;  teaching;  indoctrination;
   information; advice; counsel. See Education.


   In*struc"tion*al  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to, or promoting, instruction;


   In*struct"ive  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  instructif.]  Conveying  knowledge;
   serving   to   instruct  or  inform;  as,  experience  furnishes  very
   instructive lessons. Addison.

     In various talk the instructive hours they past. Pope.

   -- In*struct"ive*ly, adv. -- In*struct"ive*ness, n.

     The pregnant instructiveness of the Scripture. Boyle.


   In*struct"or  (?),  n.  [L., a preparer: cf. F. instructeur.] [Written
   also  instructer.]  One  who  instructs;  one who imparts knowledge to
   another; a teacher.


   In*struct"ress  (?),  n.  A  woman  who  instructs;  a  preceptress; a
   governess. Johnson.


   In"stru*ment (?), n. [F. instrument, L. instrumentum. See Instruct.]

   1.  That  by  means  of  which  any  work  is  performed, or result is
   effected;  a  tool;  a utensil; an implement; as, the instruments of a
   mechanic; astronomical instruments.

     All the lofty instruments of war. Shak.

   2.  A  contrivance or implement, by which musical sounds are produced;
   as, a musical instrument.

     Praise him with stringed instruments and organs. Ps. cl. 4.

     But signs when songs and instruments he hears. Dryden.

   3.  (Law)  A writing, as the means of giving formal expression to some
   act;  a  writing expressive of some act, contract, process, as a deed,
   contract, writ, etc. Burrill.

   4.  One  who,  or that which, is made a means, or is caused to serve a
   purpose; a medium, means, or agent.

     Or useful serving man and instrument, To any sovereign state. Shak.

     The bold are but the instruments of the wise. Dryden.

   Syn. -- Tool; implement; utensil; machine; apparatus; channel; agent.


   In"stru*ment  (?), v. t. To perform upon an instrument; to prepare for
   an instrument; as, a sonata instrumented for orchestra.


   In`stru*men"tal (?), a. [Cf. F. instrumental.]

   1.  Acting  as  an  instrument;  serving  as  a means; contributing to
   promote;  conductive; helpful; serviceable; as, he was instrumental in
   conducting the business.

     The   head  is  not  more  native  to  the  heart,  The  hand  more
     instrumental to the mouth. Shak.

   2. (Mus.) Pertaining to, made by, or prepared for, an instrument, esp.
   a musical instrument; as, instrumental music, distinguished from vocal
   music.  "He defended the use of instrumental music in public worship."

     Sweet voices mix'd with instrumental sounds. Dryden.

   3.  (Gram.)  Applied  to  a  case  expressing means or agency; as, the
   instrumental  case.  This is found in Sanskrit as a separate case, but
   in  Greek  it  was  merged  into  the  dative,  and  in Latin into the
   ablative.  In Old English it was a separate case, but has disappeared,
   leaving only a few anomalous forms.
   Instrumental  errors, those errors in instrumental measurements, etc.,
   which  arise,  exclusively  from  want  of mathematical accuracy in an


   In`stru*men"tal*ist,  n. One who plays upon an instrument of music, as
   distinguished from a vocalist.


   In`stru*men*tal"i*ty  (?), n.; pl. Instrumentalities (. The quality or
   condition  of being instrumental; that which is instrumental; anything
   used as a means; medium; agency.

     The instrumentality of faith in justification. Bp. Burnet.

     The  discovery  of  gunpowder  developed  the science of attack and
     defense in a new instrumentality. J. H. Newman.


   In`stru*men"tal*ly (?), adv.

   1. By means of an instrument or agency; as means to an end. South.

     They  will  argue  that  the  end being essentially beneficial, the
     means become instrumentally so. Burke.

   2.  With  instruments of music; as, a song instrumentally accompanied.


   In`stru*men"tal*ness,  n.  Usefulness  or  agency, as means to an end;
   instrumentality. [R.] Hammond.


   In`stru*men"ta*ry (?), a. Instrumental. [R.]


   In`stru*men*ta"tion (?), n.

   1.  The  act  of  using  or  adapting  as  an  instrument; a series or
   combination of instruments; means; agency.

     Otherwise  we  have no sufficient instrumentation for our human use
     or handling of so great a fact. H. Bushnell.

   <--  (b).  The  act  of  using  instruments  to measure or control the
   behavior  of  an object, as a patient in a hospital or a machine being
   tested while under development. -->

   2. (Mus.) (a) The arrangement of a musical composition for performance
   by  a  number  of  different  instruments; orchestration; instrumental
   composition;  composition  for  an orchestra or military band. (b) The
   act  or  manner  of playing upon musical instruments; performance; as,
   his   instrumentation   is   perfect.   <--  Instrumented,  a.  having
   instruments  attached  for  the  purpose of measuring conditions while
   under  observation;  said  of  a person under medical observation or a
   machine whose performance is being tested. -->


   In"stru*men`tist  (?),  n.  A  performer  on  a musical instrument; an


   In*style" (?), v. t. To style. [Obs.] Crashaw.


   In*suav"i*ty (?), n. [L. insuavitas: cf. F. insuavit\'82. See In- not,
   and Suavity.] Want of suavity; unpleasantness. [Obs.] Burton.


   In`sub*jec"tion  (?),  n.  Want of subjection or obedience; a state of
   disobedience, as to government.


   In`sub*mer"gi*ble  (?),  a.  Not  capable of being submerged; buoyant.


   In`sub*mis"sion    (?),   n.   Want   of   submission;   disobedience;


   In`sub*or"di*nate  (?),  a.  Not submitting to authority; disobedient;
   rebellious; mutinous


   In`sub*or`di*na"tion  (?), n. [Cf. F. insubordination.] The quality of
   being insubordinate; disobedience to lawful authority.


   In`sub*stan"tial   (?),   a.   Unsubstantial;   not  real  or  strong.
   "Insubstantial pageant." [R.] Shak.


   In`sub*stan`ti*al"i*ty (?), n. Unsubstantiality; unreality. [R.]


   In`suc*ca"tion  (?), n. [L. insucare, insucatum, to soak in; pref. in-
   +  succus,  sucus, sap.] The act of soaking or moistening; maceration;
   solution in the juice of herbs. [Obs.] Coxe.

     The medicating and insuccation of seeds. Evelyn.


   In`suc*cess" (?), n. Want of success. [R.] Feltham.


   In*sue" (?), v. i. See Ensue, v. i.


   In"sue*tude  (?),  n. [L. insuetudo, from insuetus unaccustomed; pref.
   in-  not  +  suetus, p. p. of suescere to be accustomed.] The state or
   quality of being unaccustomed; absence of use or habit.

     Absurdities   are  great  or  small  in  proportion  to  custom  or
     insuetude. Landor.


   In*suf"fer*a*ble (?), a.

   1.  Incapable  of  being  suffered,  borne, or endured; insupportable;
   unendurable;  intolerable;  as,  insufferable  heat,  cold,  or  pain;
   insufferable wrongs. Locke.

   2. Offensive beyond endurance; detestable.

     A  multitude  of  scribblers  who daily pester the world with their
     insufferable stuff. Dryden.


   In*suf"fer*a*bly,  adv.  In  a manner or to a degree beyond endurance;
   intolerably;  as,  a  blaze insufferably bright; a person insufferably


   In`suf*fi"cience (?), n. Insufficiency. Shak.


   In`suf*fi"cien*cy  (?),  n.  [L.  insufficientia: cf. F. insuffisance,
   whence OE. insuffisance. See Insufficient.]

   1.  The  quality  or state of being insufficient; want of sufficiency;
   deficiency; inadequateness; as, the insufficiency of provisions, of an
   excuse, etc.

     The  insufficiency  of  the  light  of  nature  is, by the light of
     Scripture, . . . fully supplied. Hooker.

   2.  Want  of  power or skill; inability; incapacity; incompetency; as,
   the insufficiency of a man for an office.


   In`suf*fi"cient  (?),  a.  [L.  insufficiens, -entis. See In- not, and

   1.  Not  sufficient;  not  enough;  inadequate  to  any  need, use, or
   purpose;   as,  the  provisions  are  insufficient  in  quantity,  and
   defective in quality. "Insufficient for His praise." Cowper.

   2.   Wanting   in   strength,  power,  ability,  capacity,  or  skill;
   incompetent;  incapable; unfit; as, a person insufficient to discharge
   the  duties  of an office. Syn. -- Inadequate; scanty; incommensurate;
   unequal; unfit; incompetent; incapable; inefficient.


   In`suf*fi"cient*ly,   adv.   In  an  insufficient  manner  or  degree;


   In`suf*fla"tion  (?),  n.  [L. insuffatio: cf. F. insuffation. See In-
   in,  and  Sufflation.]  The  act  of  breathing  on  or into anything;
   especially:  (a)  (R.  C.  Ch.)  The  breathing  upon  a person in the
   sacrament  of  baptism to symbolize the inspiration of a new spiritual
   life. (b) (Med.) The act of blowing (a gas, powder, or vapor) into any
   cavity of the body.


   In*suit"a*ble (?), a. Unsuitable. [Obs.] -- In*suit`a*bil"i*ty (#), n.


   In"su*lar  (?), a. [L. insularis, fr. insula island: cf. F. insulaire.
   See Isle.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to an island; of the nature, or possessing the
   characteristics, of an island; as, an insular climate, fauna, etc.

   2. Of or pertaining to the people of an island; narrow; circumscribed;
   illiberal; contracted; as, insular habits, opinions, or prejudices.

     The penury of insular conversation. Johnson.


   In"su*lar, n. An islander. [R.] Berkeley.


   In`su*lar"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. insularit\'82.]

   1.  The  state or quality of being an island or consisting of islands;

     The insularity of Britain was first shown by Agricola, who sent his
     fleet round it. Pinkerton.

   2.  Narrowness  or  illiberality of opinion; prejudice; exclusiveness;
   as, the insularity of the Chinese or of the aristocracy.


   In"su*lar*ly (?), adv. In an insular manner.


   In"su*la*ry (?), a. Insular. [Obs.] Howell.


   In"su*late  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Insulated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Insulating (?).] [L. insulatus insulated, fr. insula island. See Isle,
   and cf. Isolate.]

   1. To make an island of. [Obs.] Pennant.

   2.  To  place  in  a  detached  situation,  or  in  a  state having no
   communication with surrounding objects; to isolate; to separate.

   3. (Elec. & Thermotics) To prevent the transfer o
   Insulating  stool  (Elec.),  a  stool with legs of glass or some other
   nonconductor  of  electricity,  used  for  insulating  a person or any
   object placed upon it.

   Page 773


   In"su*la`ted (?), p. a.

   1.   Standing  by  itself;  not  being  contiguous  to  other  bodies;
   separated; unconnected; isolated; as, an insulated house or column.

     The special and insulated situation of the Jews. De Quincey.

   2.  (Elect.  &  Thermotics)  Separated  from  other bodies by means of
   nonconductors of heat or electricity.

   3.  (Astron.)  Situated  at  so  great  a distance as to be beyond the
   effect  of  gravitation;  -- said of stars supposed to be so far apart
   that the affect of their mutual attraction is insensible. C. A. Young.
   Insulated   wire,   wire  wound  with  silk,  or  covered  with  other
   nonconducting material, for electrical use.


   In`su*la"tion (?), n.

   1.  The act of insulating, or the state of being insulated; detachment
   from other objects; isolation.

   2.  (Elec.  &  Thermotics) The act of separating a body from others by
   nonconductors,  so  as  to  prevent  the transfer of electricity or of
   heat; also, the state of a body so separated.


   In"su*la`tor (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, insulates.

   2.  (Elec.  &  Thermotics)  The  substance  or  body that insulates; a


   In"su*lite  (?),  n.  (Elec.)  An  insulating  material,  usually some
   variety  of  compressed cellulose, made of sawdust, paper pulp, cotton
   waste, etc.


   In"su*lous  (?),  a.  [L.  insulosus, fr. insula island.] Abounding in
   islands. [R.]


   In*sulse"  (?),  a.  [L.  insulsus; pref. in- not + salsus salted, fr.
   salire, salsum, to salt.] Insipid; dull; stupid. [Obs.] Milton.


   In*sul"si*ty (?), n. [L. insulsitas.] Insipidity; stupidity; dullness.

     The insulsity of mortal tongues. Milton.


   In"sult  (?),  n.  [L.  insultus,  fr.  insilire  to leap upon: cf. F.
   insulte. See Insult, v. t.]

   1. The act of leaping on; onset; attack. [Obs.] Dryden.

   2.  Gross  abuse  offered to another, either by word or act; an act or
   speech of insolence or contempt; an affront; an indignity.

     The ruthless sneer that insult adds to grief. Savage.

   Syn. -- Affront; indignity; abuse; outrage; contumely. See Affront.


   In*sult"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Insulted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Insulting.]  [F.  insulter,  L.  insultare, freq. fr. insilire to leap
   into or upon; pref. in- in, on + salire to leap. See Salient.]

   1. To leap or trample upon; to make a sudden onset upon. [Obs.] Shak.

   2.  To treat with abuse, insolence, indignity, or contempt, by word or
   action; to abuse; as, to call a man a coward or a liar, or to sneer at
   him, is to insult him.


   In*sult", v. i.

   1. To leap or jump.

     Give me thy knife, I will insult on him. Shak.

     Like  the  frogs in the apologue, insulting upon their wooden king.
     Jer. Taylor.

   2. To behave with insolence; to exult. [Archaic]

     The lion being dead, even hares insult. Daniel.

     An unwillingness to insult over their helpless fatuity. Landor.


   In*sult"a*ble  (?),  a.  Capable  of being insulted or affronted. [R.]


   In`sul*ta"tion   (?),  n.  [L.  insultatio,  fr.  insultare:  cf.  OF.

   1. The act of insulting; abusive or insolent treatment; insult. [Obs.]

   2. Exultation. [Obs.] Is. xiv. (heading).


   In*sult"er (?), n. One who insults. Shak.


   In*sult"ing,  a.  Containing,  or  characterized  by, insult or abuse;
   tending  to insult or affront; as, insulting language, treatment, etc.
   --  In*sult"ing*ly,  adv.  Syn. -- Insolent; impertinent; saucy; rude;
   abusive; contemptuous. See Insolent.


   In*sult"ment  (?), n. Insolent treatment; insult. [Obs.] "My speech of
   insultment ended." Shak.


   In*sume"  (?),  v.  t. [L. insumere; pre. in- in + sumere to take.] To
   take in; to absorb. [Obs.]


   In*su`per*a*bil"i*ty   (?),   n.   The   quality  or  state  of  being
   insuperable; insuperableness.


   In*su"per*a*ble  (?),  a.  [L. insuperabilis: cf. OF. insuperable. See
   In- not, and Superable.] Incapable of being passed over or surmounted;
   insurmountable; as, insuperable difficulties.

     And  middle  natures,  how  they  long  to join, Yet never pass the
     insuperable line? Pope.

     The difficulty is enhanced, or is . . . insuperable. I. Taylor.

   Syn.     --     Impassable;    insurmountable;    unconquerable.    --
   In*su"per*a*ble*ness, n. -- In*su"per*a*bly, adv.


   In`sup*port"a*ble  (?),  a. [L. insupportabilis: cf. F. insupportable.
   See  In-  not,  and  Support.]  Incapable of being supported or borne;
   unendurable;  insufferable;  intolerable;  as,  insupportable burdens;
   insupportable     pain.     --     In`sup*port"a*ble*ness,    n.    --
   In`sup*port"a*bly, adv.


   In`sup*pos"a*ble  (?), a. Incapable of being supposed; not supposable;


   In`sup*press"i*ble  (?),  a.  That can not be suppressed or concealed;
   irrepressible. Young. -- In`sup*press"i*bly, adv.


   In`sup*press"ive  (?),  a.  Insuppressible.  [Obs.] "The insuppressive
   mettle of our spirits." Shak.


   In*sur"a*ble  (?),  a. [From Insure.] Capable of being insured against
   loss, damage, death, etc.; proper to be insured.

     The French law annuls the latter policies so far as they exceed the
     insurable interest which remained in the insured at the time of the
     subscription thereof. Walsh.


   In*sur"ance (?), n. [From Insure.]

   1.  The  act  of  insuring,  or  assuring, against loss or damage by a
   contingent  event; a contract whereby, for a stipulated consideration,
   called premium, one party undertakes to indemnify or guarantee another
   against loss by certain specified risks. Cf. Assurance, n., 6.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e pe rson wh o undertakes to pay in case of loss is
     termed  the  insurer;  the  danger against which he undertakes, the
     risk;  the person protected, the insured; the sum which he pays for
     the  protection, the premium; and the contract itself, when reduced
     to form, the policy.

   Johnson's Cyc.

   2. The premium paid for insuring property or life.

   3. The sum for which life or property is insured.

   4. A guaranty, security, or pledge; assurance. [Obs.]

     The most acceptable insurance of the divine protection. Mickle.

   Accident  insurance,  insurance  against  pecuniary  loss by reason of
   accident  to  the  person.  --  Endowment  insurance  OR  assurance, a
   combination  of  life insurance and investment such that if the person
   upon  whose  life a risk is taken dies before a certain specified time
   the  insurance becomes due at once, and if he survives, it becomes due
   at the time specified. -- Fire insurance. See under Fire. -- Insurance
   broker, a broker or agent who effects insurance. -- Insurance company,
   a  company or corporation whose business it is to insure against loss,
   damage, or death. -- Insurance policy, a certificate of insurance; the
   document  containing  the contract made by an insurance company with a
   person whose property or life is insured. -- Life insurance. See under


   In*sur"an*cer  (?),  n.  One  who  effects  insurance;  an insurer; an
   underwriter. [Obs.] Dryden.

     hose bold insurancers of deathless fame. Blair.


   In*sur"ant (?), n. The person insured. Champness.


   In"sure  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Insured  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Insuring.] [OE. ensuren, prob. for assuren, by a change of prefix. See
   1st In-, and Sure, and cf. Assure, Ensure.] [Written also ensure.]

   1. To make sure or secure; as, to insure safety to any one.

   2.  Specifically,  to  secure against a loss by a contingent event, on
   certain  stipulated conditions, or at a given rate or premium; to give
   or  to take an insurance on or for; as, a merchant insures his ship or
   its  cargo,  or  both,  against  the  dangers  of  the  sea; goods and
   buildings  are  insured  against  fire  or  water; persons are insured
   against  sickness,  accident,  or death; and sometimes hazardous debts
   are insured.


   In*sure",  v.  i.  To  underwrite;  to  make  insurance; as, a company
   insures at three per cent.


   In*sur"er  (?),  n.  One  who,  or  that which, insures; the person or
   company   that  contracts  to  indemnify  losses  for  a  premium;  an

                            Insurgence, Insurgency

   In*sur"gence  (?),  In*sur"gen*cy  (?), n. A state of insurrection; an
   uprising; an insurrection.

     A  moral  insurgence in the minds of grave men against the Court of
     Rome. G. Eliot.


   In*sur"gent  (?),  a.  [L.  insurgens, p. pr. of insurgere to rise up;
   pref.  in-  in  + surgere to rise. See Surge.] Rising in opposition to
   civil  or  political  authority, or against an established government;
   insubordinate; rebellious. "The insurgent provinces." Motley.


   In*sur"gent,  n.  [Cf.  F.  insurgent.]  A  person who rises in revolt
   against  civil  authority or an established government; one who openly
   and  actively  resists  the  execution  of  laws; a rebel. Syn. -- See


   In`sur*mount`a*bil"i*ty   (?),  n.  The  state  or  quality  of  being


   In`sur*mount"a*ble  (?),  a.  [Pref.  in-  not  + surmountable: cf. F.
   insurmountable.]  Incapable  of  being  passed  over,  surmounted,  or
   overcome;  insuperable;  as,  insurmountable  difficulty  or obstacle.

     Hope  thinks nothing difficult; despair tells us that difficulty is
     insurmountable. I. Watts.

   Syn. -- Insuperable; impassable; invincible.


   In`sur*mount"a*ble*ness,   n.   The   state   or   quality   of  being
   insurmountable; insurmountability.


   In`sur*mount"a*bly,  adv.  In  a  manner  or  to  a  degree  not to be


   In`sur*rec"tion  (?),  n. [L. insurrectio, fr. insurgere, insurrectum:
   cf. F. insurrection. See Insurgent.]

   1.  A  rising against civil or political authority, or the established
   government;  open  and  active opposition to the execution of law in a
   city or state.

     It  is  found  that  this  city  of old time hath made insurrection
     against  kings,  and  that  rebellion  and  sedition have been made
     therein. Ezra iv. 19.

   2.  A  rising in mass to oppose an enemy. [Obs.] Syn. -- Insurrection,
   Sedition,  Revolt,  Rebellion,  Mutiny.  Sedition  is  the  raising of
   commotion  in  a  state,  as  by  conspiracy,  without  aiming at open
   violence  against the laws. Insurrection is a rising of individuals to
   prevent the execution of law by force of arms. Revolt is a casting off
   the authority of a government, with a view to put it down by force, or
   to  substitute  one  ruler  for  another.  Rebellion  is  an  extended
   insurrection  and  revolt. Mutiny is an insurrection on a small scale,
   as a mutiny of a regiment, or of a ship's crew.

     I  say  again,  In soothing them, we nourish 'gainst our senate The
     cockle of rebellion, insolence, sedition. Shak.

     Insurrections  of  base  people  are commonly more furious in their
     beginnings. Bacon.

     He  was  greatly  strengthened, and the enemy as much enfeebled, by
     daily revolts. Sir W. Raleigh.

     Though  of  their  names  in  heavenly  records now Be no memorial,
     blotted  out  and  razed By their rebellion from the books of life.


   In`sur*rec"tion*al  (?)