Unabridged Dictionary - Letter H

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   H (?), the eighth letter of the English alphabet, is classed among the
   consonants,  and  is formed with the mouth organs in the same position
   as that of the succeeding vowel. It is used with certain consonants to
   form digraphs representing sounds which are not found in the alphabet,
   as  sh,  th, th, as in shall, thing, thine (for zh see 274); also, to
   modify the sounds of some other letters, as when placed after c and p,
   with  the  former of which it represents a compound sound like that of
   tsh,  as in charm (written also tch as in catch), with the latter, the
   sound  of  f,  as  in phase, phantom. In some words, mostly derived or
   introduced  from foreign languages, h following c and g indicates that
   those  consonants  have  the  hard  sound  before  e,  i, and y, as in
   chemistry, chiromancy, chyle, Ghent, Ghibelline, etc.; in some others,
   ch  has the sound of sh, as in chicane. See Guide to Pronunciation, 
   153, 179, 181-3, 237-8.

     NOTE: The na me (a itch) is  from the French ache; its form is from
     the Latin, and this from the Greek H, which was used as the sign of
     the  spiritus  asper  (rough breathing) before it came to represent
     the  long  vowel,  Gr.  y.  The  Greek  H is from Ph\'d2nician, the
     ultimate  origin  probably being Egyptian. Etymologically H is most
     closely related to c; as in E. horn, L. cornu, Gr. ke`ras; E. hele,
     v.  t.,  conceal;  E.  hide,  L.  cutis, Gr. ky`tos; E. hundred, L.
     centum, Gr. 'e-kat-on, Skr. &csdot;ata.

   H piece (Mining), the part of a plunger pump which contains the valve.


   H  (h&add;).  (Mus.)  The  seventh degree in the diatonic scale, being
   used by the Germans for B natural. See B.


   Ha  (h&add;),  interj. [AS.] An exclamation denoting surprise, joy, or
   grief. Both as uttered and as written, it expresses a great variety of
   emotions,  determined  by  the tone or the context. When repeated, ha,
   ha,  it  is  an  expression  of  laughter,  satisfaction,  or triumph,
   sometimes  of  derisive  laughter;  or  sometimes  it is equivalent to
   "Well, it is so."

     Ha-has, and inarticulate hootings of satirical rebuke. Carlyle.


   Haaf (?), n. [Of Scand. origin; cf. Icel. & Sw. haf the sea, Dan. hav,
   perh.  akin to E. haven.] The deepsea fishing for cod, ling, and tusk,
   off the Shetland Isles.


   Haak (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A sea fish. See Hake. Ash.


   Haar (?), n. [See Hoar.] A fog; esp., a fog or mist with a chill wind.
   [Scot.] T. Chalmers.

                                 Habeas corpus

   Ha"be*as  corpus  (?). [L. you may have the body.] (Law) A writ having
   for  its  object to bring a party before a court or judge; especially,
   one  to inquire into the cause of a person's imprisonment or detention
   by  another,  with  the view to protect the right to personal liberty;
   also,  one  to  bring  a  prisoner  into court to testify in a pending
   trial. Bouvier.


   Ha*ben"dum  (?),  n. [L., that must be had.] (Law) That part of a deed
   which  follows the part called the premises, and determines the extent
   of the interest or estate granted; -- so called because it begins with
   the word Habendum. Kent.


   Hab"er*dash (?), v. i. [See Haberdasher.] To deal in small wares. [R.]

     To haberdash in earth's base ware. Quarles.


   Hab"er*dash"er  (?),  n. [Prob. fr. Icel. hapurtask trumpery, trifles,
   perh.  through  French.  It  is  possibly akin to E. haversack, and to
   Icel.  taska  trunk,  chest,  pocket,  G. tasche pocket, and the orig.
   sense was perh., peddler's wares.]

   1. A dealer in small wares, as tapes, pins, needles, and thread; also,
   a hatter. [Obs.]

     The haberdasher heapeth wealth by hats. Gascoigne.

   2. A dealer in drapery goods of various descriptions, as laces, silks,
   trimmings, etc.


   Hab"er*dash"er*y  (?),  n.  The goods and wares sold by a haberdasher;
   also (Fig.), trifles. Burke.


   Hab"er*dine"  (?), n. [D. abberdaan, labberdaan; or a French form, cf.
   OF.  habordeau,  from  the  name of a Basque district, cf. F. Labourd,
   adj.  Labourdin. The l was misunderstood as the French article.] A cod
   salted and dried. Ainsworth.


   Ha*ber"ge*on  (?),  n.  [F.  haubergeon  a  small hauberk, dim. of OF.
   hauberc,  F.  haubert.  See  Hauberk.]  Properly, a short hauberk, but
   often used loosely for the hauberk. Chaucer.


   Hab"i*la*to*ry  (?), a. Of or pertaining to clothing; wearing clothes.
   Ld. Lytton. 


   Hab"ile  (?),  a.  [F.  habile,  L.  habilis.  See  Able, Habit.] Fit;
   qualified; also, apt. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Ha*bil"i*ment  (?), n. [F. habillement, fr. habiller to dress, clothe,
   orig.,  to make fit, make ready, fr. habile apt, skillful, L. habilis.
   See Habile.]

   1. A garment; an article of clothing. Camden.

   2. pl. Dress, in general. Shak.


   Ha*bil"i*ment*ed, a. Clothed. Taylor (1630).


   Ha*bil"i*tate  (?),  a.  [LL.  habilitatus,  p.  p.  of  habilitare to
   enable.] Qualified or entitled. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Ha*bil"i*tate (?), v. t. To fit out; to equip; to qualify; to entitle.


   Ha*bil"i*ta"tion  (?),  n.  [LL.  habilitatio:  cf.  F. habilitation.]
   Equipment; qualification. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Ha*bil"i*ty (?), n. [See Ability.] Ability; aptitude. [Obs.] Robynson.
   (More's Utopia).


   Hab"it  (#)  n.  [OE.  habit,  abit  fr.  habit  fr. L. habitus state,
   appearance,  dress,  fr. habere to have, be in a condition; prob. akin
   to  E.  have.  See  Have,  and cf. Able, Binnacle, Debt, Due, Exhibit,

   1.  The  usual condition or state of a person or thing, either natural
   or   acquired,  regarded  as  something  had,  possessed,  and  firmly
   retained;  as,  a  religious  habit;  his habit is morose; elms have a
   spreading  habit;  esp.,  physical  temperament or constitution; as, a
   full habit of body.

   2.  (Biol.)  The  general  appearance  and  manner of life of a living

   3.  Fixed or established custom; ordinary course of conduct; practice;
   usage;  hence,  prominently,  the  involuntary tendency or aptitude to
   perform   certain   actions   which  is  acquired  by  their  frequent
   repetition; as, habit is second nature; also, peculiar ways of acting;
   characteristic forms of behavior.

     A man of very shy, retired habits. W. Irving.

   4.  Outward  appearance;  attire;  dress;  hence,  a  garment; esp., a
   closely fitting garment or dress worn by ladies; as, a riding habit.

     Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy. Shak.

     There are, among the states, several of Venus, in different habits.

   Syn.  --  Practice;  mode;  manner;  way;  custom;  fashion. -- Habit,
   Custom.  Habit  is  a disposition or tendency leading us to do easily,
   naturally,  and  with  growing  certainty, what we do often; custom is
   external,  being  habitual  use or the frequent repetition of the same
   act.  The two operate reciprocally on each other. The custom of giving
   produces  a habit of liberality; habits of devotion promote the custom
   of going to church. Custom also supposes an act of the will, selecting
   given  modes  of  procedure;  habit  is  a law of our being, a kind of
   "second nature" which grows up within us.

     How use doth breed a habit in a man ! Shak.

     He who reigns . . . upheld by old repute,

     Consent, or custom. Milton.


     Hab"it  (?),  v.  t.  [  Habited;  p.  pr. & vb. n. Habiting.] [OE.
     habiten  to  dwell, F. habiter, fr. L. habitare to have frequently,
     to dwell, intens. fr. habere to have. See Habit, n.]

     1. To inhabit. [Obs.]

     In thilke places as they [birds] habiten. Rom. of R. 

     2. To dress; to clothe; to array.

     They habited themselves lite those rural deities. Dryden.

     3. To accustom; to habituate. [Obs.] Chapman.


     Hab"it*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. Habitableness.


     Hab"it*a*ble  (?),  a.  [F.  habitable,  L. habitbilis.] Capable of
     being  inhabited;  that  may  be  inhabited  or  dwelt  in; as, the
     habitable world. -- Hab"it*a*ble*ness, n. -- Hab"it*a*bly, adv.

     Page 662


     Hab"ita*kle  (?),  n  [F.  habitacle  dwelling  place, binnacle, L.
     habitaculum  dwelling  place.  See  Binnacle, Habit, v.] A dwelling
     place. Chaucer. Southey.


     Ha`bi`tan" (?), n. Same as Habitant, 2.

     General  met an emissary . . . sent . . . to ascertain the feelings
     of the habitans or French yeomanry. W. Irwing.


     Hab"it*ance  (?),  n.  [OF.  habitance,  LL.  habitania.] Dwelling;
     abode; residence. [Obs.] Spenser.


     Habi"it*an*cy (?), n. Same as Inhabitancy.


     Hab`it*ant (?), n. [F. habitant. See Habit, v.t]

     1. An inhabitant; a dweller. Milton. Pope.

     2. [F. pron. (] An inhabitant or resident; -- a name applied to and
     denoting  farmers of French descent or origin in Canada, especially
     in  the  Province of Quebec; -- usually in plural. The habitants or
     cultivators of the soil. Parkman.


     Hab`i*tat (?), n. [L., it dwells, fr. habitare. See Habit, v. t.]

     1.  (Biol.)  The  natural abode, locality or region of an animal or

     2. Place where anything is commonly found.

     This word has its habitat in Oxfordshire. Earle.


     Hab`i*ta"tion (?), n. [F. habitation, L. habi(atio.]

     1.  The  act  of inhabiting; state of inhabiting or dwelling, or of
     being inhabited; occupancy. Denham.

     2. Place of abode; settled dwelling; residence; house.

     The Lord . . . blesseth the habitation of the just. Prov. iii. 33.


     Hab"ita`tor  (?),  n.  [L.] A dweller; an inhabitant. [Obs.] Sir T.


     Hab`it*ed (?), p. p. & a.

     1. Clothed; arrayed; dressed; as, he was habited like a shepherd.

     2. Fixed by habit; accustomed. [Obs.]

     So habited he was in sobriety. Fuller.

     3. Inhabited. [Archaic]

     Another  world,  which  is  habited by the ghosts of men and women.


     Ha*bit"ual (?; 135), a. [Cf. F. habituel, LL. habituals. See Habit,

     1. Formed or acquired by habit or use.

     An habitual knowledge of certain rules and maxims. South.

     2.  According  to habit; established by habit; customary; constant;
     as, the habiual practice of sin.

     It  is the distinguishing mark of habitual piety to be grateful for
     the most common and ordinary blessings. Buckminster.

     Syn.  --  Customary;  accustomed;  usual; common; wonted; ordinary;
     regular; familiar. -- Ha*bit"u*al*ly, adv. -- Ha*bit"u*al*ness, n.


     Ha*bit"u*ate  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Habituated (?); p. pr. & vb.
     n.  Habituating  (?).]  [L. habituatus, p. p. of habituare to bring
     into a condition or habit of body: cf. F. habituer. See Habit.]

     1. To make accustomed; to accustom; to familiarize.

     Our  English  dogs,  who  were habituated to a colder clime. Sir K.

     Men are first corrupted . . . and next they habituate themselves to
     their vicious practices. Tillotson.

     2. To settle as an inhabitant. [Obs.] Sir W. Temple.


     Ha*bit"u*ate (?), a. Firmly established by custom; formed by habit;
     habitual. [R.] Hammond.


     Ha*bit`u*a"tion   (?),   n.   [Cf.  F.  habituation.]  The  act  of
     habituating, or accustoming; the state of being habituated.


     Hab"i*tude (?), n. [F., fr. L. habitudo condition. See Habit.]

     1.  Habitual  attitude; usual or accustomed state with reference to
     something else; established or usual relations. South.

     The  same ideas having immutably the same habitudes one to another.

     The verdict of the judges was biased by nothing else than habitudes
     of thinking. Landor.

     2. Habitual association, intercourse, or familiarity.

     To  write  well,  one  must  have  frequent habitudes with the best
     company. Dryden.

     3. Habit of body or of action. Shak.

     It  is  impossible  to  gain  an exact habitude without an infinite


     Ha`bi`tu`e" (?), n. [F., p. p. of habituer. See Habituate.] One who
     habitually frequents a place; as, an habitu\'82 of a theater.


     Hab"i*ture (?; 135), n. Habitude. [Obs.]


     Hab"i*tus  (?),  n. [L.] (Zo\'94l.) Habitude; mode of life; general


     Ha"ble (?), a. See Habile. [Obs.] Spenser.


     Hab"nab (?), adv. [Hobnob.] By chance. [Obs.]


     Hach"ure  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  hacher to hack. See Hatching.] (Fine
     Arts)  A  short  line  used in drawing and engraving, especially in
     shading  and  denoting  different  surfaces, as in map drawing. See


     Ha`ci*en"da  (?  or  ?),  n.  [Sp.,  fr.  OSp. facienda employment,
     estate,  fr.  L. facienda, pl. of faciendum what is to be done, fr.
     facere  to  do. See Fact.] A large estate where work of any kind is
     done, as agriculture, manufacturing, mining, or raising of animals;
     a cultivated farm, with a good house, in distinction from a farming
     establishment  with rude huts for herdsmen, etc.; -- a word used in
     Spanish-American regions. <-- 2. The main residence of a hacienda

     1. -->


     Hack (?), n. [See Hatch a half door.]

     1.  A  frame  or  grating  of various kinds; as, a frame for drying
     bricks,  fish, or cheese; a rack for feeding cattle; a grating in a
     mill race, etc.

     2. Unburned brick or tile, stacked up for drying.


     Hack,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Hacked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hacking.]
     [OE.  hakken;  akin to D. hakken, G. hacken, Dan. hakke, Sw. hacka,
     and perh. to E. hew. Cf. Hew to cut, Haggle.]

     1.  To cut irregulary, without skill or definite purpose; to notch;
     to  mangle by repeated strokes of a cutting instrument; as, to hack
     a post.

     My sword hacked like a handsaw. Shak.

     2. Fig.: To mangle in speaking. Shak.


     Hack,  v. i. To cough faintly and frequently, or in a short, broken
     manner; as, a hacking cough.


     Hack, n.

     1. A notch; a cut. Shak.

     2.  An implement for cutting a notch; a large pick used in breaking

     3.  A  hacking;  a catch in speaking; a short, broken cough. Dr. H.

     4. (Football) A kick on the shins. T. Hughes.

     Hack saw

   ,  a  handsaw  having  a  narrow blade stretched in an iron frame, for
   cutting metal.


   Hack (?), n. [Shortened fr. hackney. See Hackney.]

   1.  A  horse, hackneyed or let out for common hire; also, a horse used
   in all kinds of work, or a saddle horse, as distinguished from hunting
   and carriage horses.

   2.  A coach or carriage let for hire; particularly, a a coach with two
   seats inside facing each other; a hackney coach.

     On horse, on foot, in hacks and gilded chariots. Pope.

   3. A bookmaker who hires himself out for any sort of literary work; an
   overworked man; a drudge.

     Here  lies  poor  Ned  Purdon,  from  misery  freed, Who long was a
     bookseller's hack. Goldsmith.

   4. A procuress.


   Hack,  a. Hackneyed; hired; mercenary. Wakefield. Hack writer, a hack;
   one who writes for hire. "A vulgar hack writer." Macaulay.
   Hack, v. t. 

   1. To use as a hack; to let out for hire.

   2.  To  use frequently and indiscriminately, so as to render trite and
   commonplace.<-- = hackney? -->

     The word "remarkable" has been so hacked of late. J. H. Newman.


   Hack, v. i.

   1.  To  be  exposed  or  offered  or  to  common use for hire; to turn
   prostitute. Hanmer.

   2. To live the life of a drudge or hack. Goldsmith.


   Hack"a*more  (?), n. [Cf. Sp. jaquima headstall of a halter.] A halter
   consisting  of a long leather or rope strap and headstall, -- used for
   leading or tieing a pack animal. [Western U.S.]


   Hack"ber`ry  (?),  n.  (Bot.) A genus of trees (Celtis) related to the
   elm,  but  bearing  drupes  with  scanty,  but  often edible, pulp. C.
   occidentalis is common in the Eastern United States. Gray.


   Hack"bolt`  (?),  n,  (Zo\'94l.) The greater shearwater or hagdon. See


   Hack"buss (?), n. Same as Hagbut.


   Hack"ee  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) The chipmunk; also, the chickaree or red
   squirrel. [U.S.]


   Hack"er (?), n. One who, or that which, hacks. Specifically: A cutting
   instrument  for making notches; esp., one used for notching pine trees
   in collecting turpentine; a hack.


   Hack"er*y  (?), n. [Hind. chakr\'be.] A cart with wooden wheels, drawn
   by bullocks. [Bengal] Malcom.


   Hac"kle (?), n. [See Heckle, and cf. Hatchel.]

   1. A comb for dressing flax, raw silk, etc.; a hatchel.

   2. Any flimsy substance unspun, as raw silk.

   3.  One  of  the peculiar, long, narrow feathers on the neck of fowls,
   most noticeable on the cock, -- often used in making artificial flies;
   hence, any feather so used.

   4. An artificial fly for angling, made of feathers.


   Hac"kle,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Hackled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hackling

   1.  To  separate, as the coarse part of flax or hemp from the fine, by
   drawing it through the teeth of a hackle or hatchel.

   2. To tear asunder; to break in pieces.

     The  other  divisions  of  the  kingdom  being  hackled and torn to
     pieces. Burke.


   Hac"kly (?), a. [From Hackle]

   1. Rough or broken, as if hacked.

   2. (Min.) Having fine, short, and sharp points on the surface; as, the
   hackly fracture of metallic iron.


   Hack"man  (?), n.; pl. Hackmen (. The driver of a hack or carriage for
   public hire.


   Hack"ma*tack` (?), n. [Of American Indian origin.] (Bot.) The American
   larch  (Larix  Americana),  a  coniferous  tree with slender deciduous
   leaves; also, its heavy, close-grained timber. Called also tamarack.


   Hack"ney  (?),  n.;  pl.  Hackneys  (#). [OE. haceney, hacenay; cf. F.
   haquen\'82e  a pacing horse, an ambling nag, OF. also haquen\'82e, Sp.
   hacanea,  OSp.  facanea,  D. hakkenei, also OF. haque horse, Sp. haca,
   OSp.  faca;  perh akin to E. hack to cut, and orig. meaning, a jolting
   horse. Cf. Hack a horse, Nag.]

   1. A horse for riding or driving; a nag; a pony. Chaucer.

   2. A horse or pony kept for hire.

   3. A carriage kept for hire; a hack; a hackney coach.

   4. A hired drudge; a hireling; a prostitute.


   Hack"ney,  a.  Let  out  for  hire; devoted to common use; hence, much
   used;  trite;  mean;  as,  hackney  coaches; hackney authors. "Hackney
   tongue." Roscommon. <-- also hackneyed -->


   Hack"ney,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Hackneyed  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  devote  to  common or frequent use, as a horse or carriage; to
   wear  out  in  common  service;  to  make  trite or commonplace; as, a
   hackneyed metaphor or quotation.

     Had  I  lavish of my presence been, So common-hackneyed in the eyes
     of men. Shak.

   2. To carry in a hackney coach. Cowper.


   Hack"ney*man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Hackneymen  (. A man who lets horses and
   carriages for hire.


   Hack"ster  (?), n. [From Hack to cut.] A bully; a bravo; a ruffian; an
   assassin. [Obs.] Milton.


   Hac"que*ton (?), n. Same as Acton. [Obs.]


   Had  (?),  imp. & p. p. of Have. [OE.had, hafde, hefde, AS. h\'91fde.]
   See Have. Had as lief, Had rather, Had better, Had as soon, etc., with
   a  nominative  and  followed  by  the  infinitive without to, are well
   established idiomatic forms. The original construction was that of the
   dative  with  forms of be, followed by the infinitive. See Had better,
   under Better.
     And  lever me is be pore and trewe. [And more agreeable to me it is
     to be poor and true.] C. Mundi (Trans. ).
     Him had been lever to be syke. [To him it had been preferable to be
     sick.] Fabian.
     For  him  was  lever  have at his bed's head Twenty bookes, clad in
     black  or  red,  .  . . Than robes rich, or fithel, or gay sawtrie.
     NOTE: Gradually the  nominative was substituted for the dative, and
     had  for  the  forms  of  be. During the process of transition, the
     nominative with was or were, and the dative with had, are found.

     Poor lady, she were better love a dream. Shak.

     You were best hang yourself. Beau. & Fl.

     Me  rather  had my heart might feel your love Than my unpleased eye
     see your courtesy. Shak.

     I  hadde  levere than my scherte, That ye hadde rad his legende, as
     have I. Chaucer.

     I  had  as  lief  not  be as live to be In awe of such a thing as I
     myself. Shak.

     I had rather be a dog and bay the moon, Than such a Roman. Shak.

     I  had rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God, than to dwell
     in the tents of wickedness. Ps. lxxxiv.10.


   Had"der (?), n. Heather; heath. [Obs.] Burton.


   Had"die (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The haddock. [Scot.]


   Had"dock (?), n. [OE. hadoc, haddok, of unknown origin; cf. Ir. codog,
   Gael.  adag,  F.  hadot.] (Zo\'94l.) A marine food fish (Melanogrammus
   \'91glefinus),  allied  to  the cod, inhabiting the northern coasts of
   Europe  and  America.  It  has a dark lateral line and a black spot on
   each side of the body, just back of the gills. Galled also haddie, and
   dickie.  Norway  haddock,  a  marine edible fish (Sebastes marinus) of
   Northern Europe and America. See Rose fish.


   Hade (?), n. [Cf. heald inclined, bowed down, G. halde declivity.]

   1. The descent of a hill. [Obs.]

   2.  (Mining)  The  inclination  or  deviation from the vertical of any
   mineral vein.


   Hade,  v. i. (Mining) To deviate from the vertical; -- said of a vein,
   fault, or lode.


   Ha"des (?), n. [Gr.Un-, Wit.] The nether world (according to classical
   mythology, the abode of the shades, ruled over by Hades or Pluto); the
   invisible world; the grave.

     And  death  and Hades gave up the dead which were in them. Rev. xx.
     13 (Rev. Ver. ).

     Neither  was  he  left  in Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption.
     Acts ii. 31 (Rev. Ver.).

     And  in Hades he lifted up his eyes, being in torments. Luke xvi.23
     (Rev. Ver.).


   Hadj  (?),  n.  [Ar.hajj,  fr.  hajja  to  set  out,  walk,  go  on  a
   pilgrimage.] The pilgrimage to Mecca, performed by Mohammedans.


   Hadj"i (?), n. [Ar. h\'bej&imac;. See Hadj.]

   1.  A  Mohammedan  pilgrim  to  Mecca;  --  used  among Orientals as a
   respectful salutation or a title of honor. G. W. Curtis.

   2.  A  Greek  or  Armenian  who  has  visited  the  holy  sepulcher at
   Jerusalem. Heyse.


   Had`ro*sau"rus  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. "adro`s thick + say^ros lizard.]
   (Paleon.)  An  American  herbivorous dinosaur of great size, allied to
   the iguanodon. It is found in the Cretaceous formation.


   H\'91c*ce`i*ty  (?), [L. h\'91cce this.] (Logic) Literally, this-ness.
   A  scholastic  term  to  express individuality or singleness; as, this


   H\'91m"a-  (,  H\'91m"a*to-  (,  H\'91m"o-  (.  [Gr.  ai^"ma,  blood.]
   Combining   forms   indicating   relation  or  resemblance  to  blood,
   association    with    blood;    as,   h\'91mapod,   h\'91matogenesis,

     NOTE: &hand; Wo rds fr om Gr . (h ema-, he mato-, hemo-, as well as
     h\'91ma-, h\'91mato-, h\'91mo-.


   H\'91m"a*chrome (? OR ?), n. [H\'91ma- + Gr. (Physiol. Chem.) Hematin.


   H\'91m`a*cy"a*nin (?), n. [H\'91ma- + Gr. (Physiol. Chem.) A substance
   found in the blood of the octopus, which gives to it its blue color.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh en de prived of oxygen it is colorless, but becomes
     quickly  blue  in contact with oxygen, and is then generally called
     oxyh\'91macyanin.  A similar blue coloring matter has been detected
     in small quantity in the blood of other animals and in the bile.


   H\'91m`a*cy*tom"e*ter  (?),  n.  [H\'91ma + Gr. -meter.] (Physiol.) An
   apparatus for determining the number of corpuscles in a given quantity
   of blood.


   H\'91"mad  (?),  adv.  [H\'91ma-  +  L. ad toward.] (Anat.) Toward the
   h\'91mal side; on the h\'91mal side of; -- opposed to neurad.

                     H\'91madrometer or, H\'91madremometer

   H\'91m`a*drom"e*ter  (?  or ?), H\'91m`a*dre*mom"e*ter (?), n. Same as


   H\'91m`a*drom"e*try   (?),H\'91m`a*dro*mom"e*try   (?),   n.  Same  as


   H\'91m`a*drom"o*graph  (?),  n. [H\'91ma- + Gr. -graph.] (Physiol.) An
   instrument for registering the velocity of the blood.

                    H\'91madynameter or H\'91madynamometer

   H\'91`ma*dy*nam"e*ter (? or ?) H\'91`ma*dy`na*mom"e*ter (? or ?), Same
   as Hemadynamometer.


   H\'91ma*dy*nam"ics (, n. Same as Hemadynamics.


   H\'91"mal (?), a. [Gr. Pertaining to the blood or blood vessels; also,
   ventral. See Hemal.


   H\'91m`a*ph\'91"in  (?),  n.  [H\'91ma-  +  Gr.  (Physiol.) A brownish
   substance sometimes found in the blood, in cases of jaundice.


   H\'91m"a*pod   (?   or   ?),   n.  [H\'91ma  +  -pod.]  (Zo\'94l.)  An
   h\'91mapodous animal. G. Rolleston.

   Page 663


   H\'91*map"o*dous  (?),  a.  (Anat.)  Having  the limbs on, or directed
   toward,  the  ventral  or hemal side, as in vertebrates; -- opposed to


   H\'91m`a*poi*et"ic   (?   or   ?),   a.  [H\'91ma-  +  Gr.  (Physiol.)
   Bloodforming; as, the h\'91mapoietic function of the spleen.


   H\'91m`a*poph"y*sis   (?),   n.   [NL.]   Same   as  Hemapophysis.  --
   H\'91m`a*po*phys"i*al (#), a.


   H\'91m`a*stat"ics, n. Same as Hemastatics.


   H\'91m`a*ta*chom"e*ter  (?),  n. [H\'91ma- + Gr. -meter.] (Physiol.) A
   form  of  apparatus  (somewhat  different  from  the hemadrometer) for
   measuring the velocity of the blood.


   H\'91m`a*ta*chom"e*try  (?),  n.  (Physiol.)  The  measurement  of the
   velocity of the blood.


   H\'91m`a*tem"e*sis, n. Same as Hematemesis.


   H\'91*mat"ic  (?),  a.  [Gr.  Of or pertaining to the blood; sanguine;
   brownish   red.  H\'91matic  acid  (Physiol.),  a  hypothetical  acid,
   supposed  to  be  formed  from  hemoglobin during its oxidation in the
   lungs,  and to have the power of freeing carbonic acid from the sodium
   carbonate of the serum. Thudichum.


   H\'91m"a*tin, n. Same as Hematin.


   H\'91m`a*ti*nom"e*ter, n. Same as Hematinometer.


   H\'91m`a*tin`o*met"ric, a. Same as Hematinometric.


   H\'91m"a*tite, n. Same as Hematite.


   H\'91m`a*tit"ic  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Of  a blood-red color; crimson;
   (Bot.) brownish red.


   H\'91m"a*to- (? or ?), prefix. See H\'91ma-.


   H\'91m"a*to*blast  (?),  n.  [H\'91mato- + -blast.] (Anat.) One of the
   very  minute,  disk-shaped bodies found in blood with the ordinary red
   corpuscles  and  white  corpuscles;  a  third kind of blood corpuscle,
   supposed  by  some  to be an early stage in the development of the red
   corpuscles;  --  called  also  blood  plaque,  and  blood  plate.<-- =
   hemocytoblast,    hematocytoblast.    Precursor    of   erythroblasts,
   lymphoblasts,  and  myeloblasts,  found mostly in bone marrow. Hayem's
   hematoblast = a platelet -->


   H\'91m`a*toc"ry*a (?), n. pl. (Zo\'94l.) The cold-blooded vertebrates.
   Same as Hematocrya.


   H\'91m`*a*toc"ry*al (?), a. Cold-blooded.


   H\'91m`a*to*crys"tal*lin, n. Same as Hematocrystallin.


   H\'91`ma*to*dy`na*mom"e*ter (? or ?), n. Same as Hemadynamometer.


   H\'91m`a*to*gen"e*sis  (?),  n. [H\'91mato- + genesis.] (Physiol.) (a)
   The  origin and development of blood. (b) The transformation of venous
   arterial blood by respiration; hematosis.


   H\'91m`a*to*gen"ic (?), a. (Physiol.) Relating to h\'91matogenesis.


   H\'91m`a*tog"e*nous (?), a. (Physiol.) Originating in the blood.


   H\'91m`a*to*glob"u*lin, n. Same as Hematoglobin.


   H\'91m"a*toid, a. Same as Hematoid.


   H\'91m`a*toid"in, n. Same as Hematoidin.


   H\'91*mat"o*in   (?),  n.  [H\'91mato-  +  -in.]  (Physiol.  Chem.)  A
   substance  formed  from  the  hematin of blood, by removal of the iron
   through  the  action  of concentrated sulphuric acid. Two like bodies,
   called respectively h\'91matoporphyrin and h\'91matolin, are formed in
   a similar manner.


   H\'91*mat"o*lin (?), n. See H\'91matoin.


   H\'91m`a*tol"o*gy  (? or ?), n. The science which treats of the blood.
   Same as Hematology.


   H\'91m`a*tom"e*ter  (?), n. [H\'91mato- + -meter.] (Physiol.) (a) Same
   as  Hemadynamometer.  (b)  An instrument for determining the number of
   blood corpuscles in a given quantity of blood.


   H\'91m`a*to*ph*li"na  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. -gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division
   of Cheiroptera, including the bloodsucking bats. See Vampire.


   H\'91m"a*to*plast`   (?),   n.  [H\'91mato-  +  Gr.  (Anat.)  Same  as


   H\'91m`a*to*plas"tic (?), a. [H\'91mato- + -plastic.] (Physiol.) Blood
   formative; -- applied to a substance in early fetal life, which breaks
   up gradually into blood vessels.


   H\'91m`a*to*por"phy*rin (?), n. [H\'91mato- + Gr. (Physiol. Chem.) See


   H\'91m"a*to*sac`  (?),  n.  [H\'91mato- + sac.] (Anat.) A vascular sac
   connected, beneath the brain, in many fishes, with the infundibulum.


   H\'91m"a*to*scope` (?), n. A h\'91moscope.


   H\'91m`a*to"sin (? or ?), n. (Physiol. Chem.) Hematin. [R.]


   H\'91m`a*to"sis, n. Same as Hematosis.


   H\'91m`a*to*ther"ma (?), n. pl. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Hematotherma.


   H\'91m`a*to*ther"mal (?), a. Warm-blooded; homoiothermal.


   H\'91m`a*to*tho"rax, n. Same as Hemothorax.


   H\'91m`a*tex"y*lin  (?), n. [See H\'91matoxylon.] (Chem.) The coloring
   principle   of  logwood.  It  is  obtained  as  a  yellow  crystalline
   substance,  C16H14O6,  with  a  sweetish  taste.  Formerly called also


   H\'91m`a*tox"y*lon  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A genus of leguminous
   plants containing but a single species, the H. Campechianum or logwood
   tree, native in Yucatan.


   H\'91m`a*to*zo"\'94n  (?),  n.;  pl.  H\'91matozoa  (#). [NL., fr. Gr.
   (Zo\'94l.)  A parasite inhabiting the blood; esp.: (a) Certain species
   of  nematodes  of  the  genus Filaria, sometimes found in the blood of
   man,   the   horse,   the  dog,  etc.  (b)  The  trematode,  Bilharzia
   h\'91matobia,  which  infests the inhabitants of Egypt and other parts
   of Africa, often causing death.


   H\'91"mic (? or ?),


   H\'91"min (?), n. Same as Hemin.


   H\'91m"o- (? or ?), prefix. See H\'91ma-.


   H\'91m"ochrome (?), n. Same as H\'91machrome.


   H\'91m`o*chro"mogen (?), n. [H\'91mochrome + -gen.] (Physiol. Chem.) A
   body obtained from hemoglobin, by the action of reducing agents in the
   absence of oxygen.


   H\'91m`o*chro*mom`e*ter  (?),  n.  [H\'91mochrome + -meter.] (Physiol.
   Chem.) An apparatus for measuring the amount of hemoglobin in a fluid,
   by comparing it with a solution of known strength and of normal color.


   H\'91m`o*cy"a*nin (?), n. Same as H\'91macyanin.


   H\'91m`o*cy*tol"y*sis   (?),   n.   [NL.,   fr.   Gr.  (Physiol.)  See


   H\'91m`o*cy*tom"e*ter, n. See H\'91macytometer.


   H\'91m`o*cy`to*tryp"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Physiol.) A breaking up
   of  the blood corpuscles, as by pressure, in distinction from solution
   of the corpuscles, or h\'91mcytolysis.


   H\'91m`o*drom"o*graph (?), n. Same as H\'91madromograph.


   H\'91`mo*dy*nam"e*ter (? or ?), n. Same as Hemadynamics.


   H\'91m`o*glo"bin, n. Same as Hemoglobin.


   H\'91m`o*glo`bin*om"e*ter  (?),  n.  [H\'91moglobin + -meter.] Same as


   H\'91m`o*lu"te*in  (?),  n. [H\'91mo- + corpus luteum.] (Physiol.) See


   H\'91m`o*ma*nom"e*ter   (?),   n.  [H\'91mo-  +  manometer.]  Same  as


   H\'91*mom"e*ter  (?),  n.  [H\'91mo-  +  -meter.]  (Physiol.)  Same as


   H\'91"mo*ny  (?),  n.  [L.  H\'91monia a name of Thessaly, the land of
   magic.]  A  plant described by Milton as "of sovereign use against all


   H\'91mo*plas"tic, a. Same as H\'91matoplastic.


   H\'91m"or*rhoid"al, a. Same as Hemorrhoidal.


   H\'91m"o*scope  (?  or  ?),  n.  [H\'91mo-  +  -scope.]  (Physiol.) An
   instrument  devised  by  Hermann,  for  regulating  and  measuring the
   thickness of a layer of blood for spectroscopic examination.


   H\'91m`o*stat"ic (?), a. Same Hemostatic.


   H\'91m`o*ta*chom"e*ter (?), n. Same as H\'91matachometer.


   H\'91m`o*ta*chom"e*try (?), n. Same as H\'91matachometry.


   Haf (?), imp. of Heave. Hove. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Haf"fle  (?),  v.  i.  [Cf. G. haften to cling, stick to, Prov. G., to
   stop,  stammer.]  To stammer; to speak unintelligibly; to prevaricate.
   [Prov.Eng.] Halliwell.


   Haft  (?),  n. [AS. h\'91ft; akin to D. & G. heft, Icel. hepti, and to
   E. Heave, or have. Cf. Heft.]

   1. A handle; that part of an instrument or vessel taken into the hand,
   and  by  which it is held and used; -- said chiefly of a knife, sword,
   or dagger; the hilt.

     This  brandish'dagger  I'll  bury  to  the haft in her fair breast.

   2. A dwelling. [Scot.] Jamieson.


   Haft, v. t. To set in, or furnish with, a haft; as, to haft a dagger.


   Haft"er  (?),  n.  [haften  to  cling  or  stick to, and E. haffle.] A
   caviler; a wrangler. [Obs.] Baret.


   Hag  (?),  n.  [OE.  hagge, hegge, with, hag, AS. h\'91gtesse; akin to
   OHG.  hagazussa,  G.  hexe,  D. heks, Dan. hex, Sw. h\'84xa. The first
   part  of  the  word  is prob. the same as E. haw, hedge, and the orig.
   meaning was perh., wood woman, wild woman.

   1.  A  witch,  sorceress,  or  enchantress;  also,  a  wizard.  [Obs.]
   "[Silenus] that old hag." Golding.

   2. An ugly old woman.

   3. A fury; a she-monster. Grashaw.

   4.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  eel-like  marine marsipobranch (Myxine glutinosa),
   allied  to  the  lamprey.  It  has  a  suctorial  mouth,  with  labial
   appendages,  and a single pair of gill openings. It is the type of the
   order  Hyperotpeta. Called also hagfish, borer, slime eel, sucker, and

   5. (Zo\'94l.) The hagdon or shearwater.

   6.  An appearance of light and fire on a horse's mane or a man's hair.
   Hag  moth (Zo\'94l.), a moth (Phobetron pithecium), the larva of which
   has  curious side appendages, and feeds on fruit trees. -- Hag's tooth
   (Naut.), an ugly irregularity in the pattern of matting or pointing.


   Hag,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Hagged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hagging.] To
   harass; to weary with vexation.

     How  are  superstitious men hagged out of their wits with the fancy
     of omens. L'Estrange.


   Hag, n. [Scot. hag to cut; cf. E. hack.]

   1.  A  small  wood, or part of a wood or copse, which is marked off or
   inclosed for felling, or which has been felled.

     This  said,  he  led  me  over  hoults and hags; Through thorns and
     bushes scant my legs I drew. Fairfax.

   2. A quagmire; mossy ground where peat or turf has been cut. Dugdale.


   Hag"ber"ry  (?), n. (Bot.) A plant of the genus Prunus (P. Padus); the
   bird cherry. [Scot.]


   Hag"born`, a. Born of a hag or witch. Shak.


   Hag"but (?), n. [OF. haquebute, prob. a corruption of D. haakbus; haak
   hook  +  bus  gun  barrel.  See Hook, and 2d Box, and cf. Arquebus.] A
   harquebus, of which the but was bent down or hooked for convenience in
   taking aim. [Written also haguebut and hackbuss.]


   Hag"but*ter  (?),  n.  A  soldier  armed  with  a  hagbut or arquebus.
   [Written also hackbutter.] Froude.


   Hag"don  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of several species of sea birds of the
   genus  Puffinus;  esp.,  P.  major,  the  greater  shearwarter, and P.
   Stricklandi,  the  black  hagdon  or  sooty shearwater; -- called also
   hagdown, haglin, and hag. See Shearwater.


   Hag*ga"da  (?),  n.;  pl. Haggadoth (#). [Rabbinic hagg\'bedh\'be, fr.
   Heb.  higg\'c6dh  to  relate.]  A  story,  anecdote,  or legend in the
   Talmud,  to  explain  or  illustrate  the  text  of the Old Testament.
   [Written also hadaga.]


   Hag"gard  (?),  a. [F. hagard; of German origin, and prop. meaning, of
   the hegde or woods, wild, untamed. See Hedge, 1st Haw, and -ard.]

   1. Wild or intractable; disposed to break away from duty; untamed; as,
   a haggard or refractory hawk. [Obs.] Shak

   2.  [For  hagged, fr. hag a witch, influenced by haggard wild.] Having
   the expression of one wasted by want or suffering; hollow-eyed; having
   the  features  distorted  or  wasted,  or  anxious  in appearance; as,
   haggard features, eyes.

     Staring his eyes, and haggard was his look. Dryden.


   Hag"gard, n. [See Haggard, a.]

   1. (Falconry) A young or untrained hawk or falcon.

   2. A fierce, intractable creature.

     I have loved this proud disdainful haggard. Shak.

   3. [See Haggard, a., 2.] A hag. [Obs.] Garth.


   Hag"gard,  n.  [See  1st  Haw,  Hedge,  and Yard an inclosed space.] A
   stackyard. [Prov. Eng.] Swift.


   Hag"gard*ly, adv. In a haggard manner. Dryden.


   Hag"ged (?), a. Like a hag; lean; ugly. [R.]


   Hag"gis (?), n. [Scot. hag to hack, chop, E. hack. Formed, perhaps, in
   imitation  of  the  F. hachis (E. hash), fr. hacher.] A Scotch pudding
   made  of  the  heart,  liver, lights, etc., of a sheep or lamb, minced
   with  suet,  onions, oatmeal, etc., highly seasoned, and boiled in the
   stomach  of  the  same  animal;  minced  head and pluck. [Written also
   haggiss, haggess, and haggies.]


   Hag"gish (?), a. Like a hag; ugly; wrinkled.

     But on both did haggish age steal on. Shak.


   Hag"gish*ly, adv. In the manner of a hag.


   Hag"gle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Haggled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Haggling
   (?).]  [Freq.  of Scot. hag, E. hack. See Hack to cut.] To cut roughly
   or  hack;  to  cut into small pieces; to notch or cut in an unskillful
   manner;  to make rough or mangle by cutting; as, a boy haggles a stick
   of wood.

     Suffolk first died, and York, all haggled o'er, Comes to him, where
     in gore he lay insteeped. Shak.


   Hag"gle,  v.  i.  To  be  difficult  in  bargaining; to stick at small
   matters; to chaffer; to higgle.

     Royalty  and  science  never  haggled  about  the  value  of blood.


   Hag"gle, n. The act or process of haggling. Carlyle.


   Hag"gler (?), n.

   1. One who haggles or is difficult in bargaining.

   2.  One  who  forestalls  a  market;  a middleman between producer and
   dealer in London vegetable markets.


   Ha"gi*ar`chy (?), n. [Gr. -archy.] A sacred government; by holy orders
   of men. Southey.


   Ha`gi*oc"ra*cy (?), n. [Gr. Government by a priesthood; hierarchy.


   Ha`gi*og"ra*pha (?), n. pl. [L., fr. Gr.

   1.  The  last  of  the three Jewish divisions of the Old Testament, or
   that  portion  not contained in the Law and the Prophets. It comprises
   Psalms,  Proverbs,  Job,  Canticles, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes,
   Esther, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, and Chronicles.

   2. (R. C. Ch.) The lives of the saints. Brande & C.


   Ha`gi*og"ra*phal  (?),  Pertaining  to  the  hagiographa, or to sacred


   Ha`gi*og"ra*pher  (?),  n.  One  of  the writers of the hagiographa; a
   writer of lives of the saints. Shipley.


   Ha`gi*og"ra*phy (?, 277), n. Same Hagiographa.


   Ha`gi*ol"a*try (?), n. [Gr. The invocation or worship of saints.


   Ha`gi*ol"o*gist  (?),  n.  One  who  treats  of the sacred writings; a
   writer of the lives of the saints; a hagiographer. Tylor.

     Hagiologists have related it without scruple. Southey.


   Ha`gi*ol"o*gy  (?),  n. [Gr. -logy.] The history or description of the
   sacred  writings or of sacred persons; a narrative of the lives of the
   saints; a catalogue of saints. J. H. Newman.


   Ha"gi*o*scope`  (?),  n. [Gr. -scope.] An opening made in the interior
   walls  of a cruciform church to afford a view of the altar to those in
   the transepts; -- called, in architecture, a squint. Hook.


   Hag"-rid`den  (?),  a. Ridden by a hag or witch; hence, afflicted with
   nightmare. Beattie. Cheyne.

   Page 664


   Hag"seed` (?), n. The offspring of a hag. Shak.


   Hag"ship, n. The state or title of a hag. Middleton.


   Hag"-ta`per  (?),  n.  [Cf.  1st Hag, and Hig-taper.] (Bot.) The great
   woolly mullein (Verbascum Thapsus).


   Hague"but (?), n. See Hagbut.


   Hah , interj. Same as Ha.


   Ha-ha"  (?),  n. [See Haw-haw.] A sunk fence; a fence, wall, or ditch,
   not visible till one is close upon it. [Written also haw-haw.]


   Hai"ding*er*ite  (?),  n. (Min.) A mineral consisting of the arseniate
   of lime; -- so named in honor of W. Haidinger, of Vienna.


   Hai"duck  (?),  n. [G. haiduck, heiduck, fr. Hung. hajdu.] Formerly, a
   mercenary  foot  soldier  in Hungary, now, a halberdier of a Hungarian
   noble,  or  an  attendant in German or Hungarian courts. [Written also
   hayduck, heiduc, heiduck, and heyduk.]


   Haik  (?),  n.  [Ar.  h\'beik, fr. h\'beka to weave.] A large piece of
   woolen  or  cotton  cloth  worn by Arabs as an outer garment. [Written
   also hyke.] Heyse.


   Hai"kal  (?), n. The central chapel of the three forming the sanctuary
   of  a Coptic church. It contains the high altar, and is usually closed
   by an embroidered curtain.


   Hail  (?), n. [OE. hail, ha, AS. h\'91gel; akin to D., G., Dan., & Sw.
   hagel;  Icel.  hagl; cf. Gr. Small roundish masses of ice precipitated
   from  the  clouds,  where they are formed by the congelation of vapor.
   The separate masses or grains are called hailstones.

     Thunder  mixed  with  hail,  Hail  mixed  with  fire, must rend the
     Egyptian sky. Milton.


     Hail,  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Halled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Halting.]
     [OE.  hailen,  AS.  haqalian.]  To  pour  down particles of ice, or
     frozen vapors.


     Hail, v. t. To pour forcibly down, as hail. Shak.


     Hail, a. Healthy. See Hale (the preferable spelling).


     Hail,  v.  t.  [OE. hailen, heilen, Icel. heil hale, sound, used in
     greeting. See Hale sound.]

     1. To call loudly to, or after; to accost; to salute; to address.

     2. To name; to designate; to call.

     And such a son as all men hailed me happy. Milton.


     Hail, v. i.

     1.  To  declare,  by hailing, the port from which a vessel sails or
     where  she  is  registered;  hence,  to sail; to come; -- used with
     from; as, the steamer hails from New York.

     2.  To  report as one's home or the place from whence one comes; to
     come; -- with from. [Colloq.] G. G. Halpine.


     Hail,  interj.  [See  Hail,  v. t.] An exclamation of respectful or
     reverent salutation, or, occasionally, of familiar greeting. "Hail,
     brave friend." Shak.

   All  hail.  See in the Vocabulary. -- Hail Mary, a form of prayer made
   use  of  in the Roman Catholic Church in invocation of the Virgin. See
   Ave Maria.


   Hail,  n. A wish of health; a salutation; a loud call. "Their puissant
   hail." M. Arnold.

     The angel hail bestowed. Milton.


   Hail"-fel`low (?), n. An intimate companion.

     Hail-fellow well met. Lyly.


   Hailse (?), v. t. [OE. hailsen, Icel. heilsa. Cf. Hall to call to.] To
   greet; to salute. [Obs.] P. Plowman.


   Hail"shot`  (?),  n.  pl.  Small  shot  which scatter like hailstones.
   [Obs.] Hayward.


   Hail"stone`  (?),  n. A single particle of ice falling from a cloud; a
   frozen raindrop; a pellet of hail.


   Hail"storm` (?), n. A storm accompanied with hail; a shower of hail.


   Hai"ly (?), a. Of hail. "Haily showers." Pope.


   Han  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf. Sw. h\'84gn hedge, inclosure, Dan. hegn hedge,
   fence.  See  Hedge.] To inclose for mowing; to set aside for grass. "A
   ground . . . hained in." Holland.


   Hain't  (?).  A  contraction  of have not or has not; as, I hain't, he
   hain't,  we  hain't.  [Colloq.  or  illiterate  speech.] [Written also
   han't.]<-- now ain't -->


   Hair  (?),  n.  [OE. her, heer, h\'91r, AS. h&aemac;r; akin to OFries,
   h&emac;r,  D. & G. haar, OHG. & Icel. h&amac;r, Dan. haar, Sw. h\'86r;
   cf. Lith. kasa.]

   1.  The  collection  or  mass of filaments growing from the skin of an
   animal,  and forming a covering for a part of the head or for any part
   or the whole of the body.

   2.  One  the  above-mentioned  filaments,  consisting, in invertebrate
   animals,  of  a  long,  tubular part which is free and flexible, and a
   bulbous root imbedded in the skin.

     Then read he me how Sampson lost his hairs. Chaucer.

     And draweth new delights with hoary hairs. Spenser.

   3.  Hair  (human  or  animal)  used for various purposes; as, hair for
   stuffing cushions.

   4.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  slender  outgrowth  from  the  chitinous cuticle of
   insects, spiders, crustaceans, and other invertebrates. Such hairs are
   totally  unlike  those  of  vertebrates in structure, composition, and
   mode of growth.

   5.  An  outgrowth  of  the  epidermis, consisting of one or of several
   cells,  whether pointed, hooked, knobbed, or stellated. Internal hairs
   occur in the flower stalk of the yellow frog lily (Nuphar).

   6. A spring device used in a hair-trigger firearm.

   7. A haircloth. [Obc.] Chaucer.

   8. Any very small distance, or degree; a hairbreadth.

     NOTE: &hand; Hairs is often used adjectively or in combination; as,
     hairbrush  or hair brush, hair dye, hair oil, hairpin, hair powder,
     a brush, a dye, etc., for the hair.

   Against  the  hair,  in  a  rough and disagreeable manner; against the
   grain.  [Obs.] "You go against the hair of your professions." Shak. --
   Hair bracket (Ship Carp.), a molding which comes in at the back of, or
   runs  aft  from,  the  figurehead.  --  Hair cells (Anat.), cells with
   hairlike  processes  in the sensory epithelium of certain parts of the
   internal  ear.  --  Hair  compass,  Hair divider, a compass or divider
   capable  of  delicate adjustment by means of a screw. -- Hair glove, a
   glove of horsehair for rubbing the skin. -- Hair lace, a netted fillet
   for tying up the hair of the head. Swift. -- Hair line, a line made of
   hair;  a  very  slender  line. -- Hair moth (Zo\'94l.), any moth which
   destroys goods made of hair, esp. Tinea biselliella. -- Hair pencil, a
   brush  or  fine hair, for painting; -- generally called by the name of
   the  hair used; as, a camel's hair pencil, a sable's hair pencil, etc.
   --  Hair  plate,  an  iron  plate  forming the back of the hearth of a
   bloomery fire. -- Hair powder, a white perfumed powder, as of flour or
   starch,  formerly much used for sprinkling on the hair of the head, or
   on  wigs. -- Hair seal (Zo\'94l.), any one of several species of eared
   seals which do not produce fur; a sea lion. -- Hair seating, haircloth
   for  seats  of  chairs, etc. -- Hair shirt, a shirt, or a band for the
   loins,  made  of  horsehair,  and  worn as a penance. -- Hair sieve, a
   strainer  with a haircloth bottom. -- Hair snake. See Gordius. -- Hair
   space  (Printing),  the thinnest metal space used in lines of type. --
   Hair  stroke, a delicate stroke in writing. -- Hair trigger, a trigger
   so constructed as to discharge a firearm by a very slight pressure, as
   by  the  touch of a hair. Farrow. -- Not worth a hair, of no value. --
   To  a  hair,  with  the nicest distinction. -- To split hairs, to make
   distinctions of useless nicety.


   Hair"bell` (?), n. (Bot.) See Harebell.


   Hair"bird` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The chipping sparrow.


   Hair"brained` (?), a. See Harebrained.

                          Hairbreadth, Hair'sbreadth

   Hair"breadth`  (?),  Hair's"breadth`  (.  The diameter or breadth of a
   hair;  a  very small distance; sometimes, definitely, the forty-eighth
   part of an inch.

     Every  one could sling stones at an hairbreadth and not miss. Judg.
     xx. 16


   Hair"breadth`,  a.  Having  the  breadth of a hair; very narrow; as, a
   hairbreadth escape.


   Hair"-brown`  (?), a. Of a clear tint of brown, resembling brown human
   hair. It is composed of equal proportions of red and green.


   Hair"brush` (?), n. A brush for cleansing and smoothing the hair.


   Hair"cloth`, n. Stuff or cloth made wholly or in part of hair.


   Hair"dress`er (?), n. One who dresses or cuts hair; a barber.


   Haired (?), a.

   1. Having hair. "A beast haired like a bear." Purchas.

   2. In composition: Having (such) hair; as, red-haired.


   Hai"ren (?), a. [AS. h.] Hairy. [Obc.]

     His hairen shirt and his ascetic diet. J. Taylor.

                                  Hair grass

   Hair" grass` (?). (Bot.) A grass with very slender leaves or branches;
   as the Agrostis scabra, and several species of Aira or Deschampsia.


   Hair"i*ness  (?),  n.  The  state of abounding, or being covered, with
   hair. Johnson.


   Hair"less, a. Destitute of hair. Shak.


   Hair"pin`  (, n. A pin, usually forked, or of bent wire, for fastening
   the hair in place, -- used by women.


   Hair"-salt`  (?),  n. [A translation of G. haarsalz.] (Min.) A variety
   of native Epsom salt occurring in silky fibers.


   Hair"split`ter  (?),  n.  One  who  makes excessively nice or needless
   distinctions   in   reasoning;   one   who   quibbles.  "The  caviling
   hairsplitter." De Quincey.


   Hair"split`ting   (?),   a.   Making   excessively   nice  or  trivial
   distinctions in reasoning; subtle. -- n. The act or practice of making
   trivial distinctions.

     The  ancient  hairsplitting  technicalities  of  special  pleading.
     Charles Sumner.


   Hair"spring`  (?),  n.  (Horology)  The  slender  recoil  spring which
   regulates the motion of the balance in a timepiece.


   Hair"streak`  (?),  n.  A butterfly of the genus Thecla; as, the green
   hairstreak (T. rubi).


   Hair"tail`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  species of marine fishes of the
   genus  Trichiurus;  esp.,  T. lepterus of Europe and America. They are
   long  and  like  a  band,  with  a  slender, pointed tail. Called also


   Hair"worm`  (?).  (Zo\'94l.)  A  nematoid  worm  of the genus Gordius,
   resembling a hair. See Gordius.


   Hair"y  (?),  a.  Bearing  or covered with hair; made of or resembling
   hair; rough with hair; rough with hair; rough with hair; hirsute.

     His mantle hairy, and his bonnet sedge. Milton.


   Hai"ti*an (?), a. & n. See Haytian.<-- Now the preferred spelling. -->


   Ha"ye  (?), n. [Ar. hayya snake.] (Zo\'94l.) The Egyptian asp or cobra
   (Naja  haje.) It is related to the cobra of India, and like the latter
   has  the  power  of  inflating  its neck into a hood. Its bite is very
   venomous.  It  is  supposed  to  be  the  snake by means of whose bite
   Cleopatra committed suicide, and hence is sometimes called Cleopatra's
   snake or asp. See Asp.


   Hake  (?),  n. [See Hatch a half door.] A drying shed, as for unburned


   Hake,  n.  [Also  haak.]  [Akin  to Norweg. hakefisk, lit., hook fish,
   Prov.  E.  hake  hook,  G.  hecht  pike.  See Hook.] (Zo\'94l.) One of
   several  species  of  marine  gadoid  fishes,  of  the  genera Phycis,
   Merlucius,  and  allies.  The common European hake is M. vulgaris; the
   American silver hake or whiting is M. bilinearis. Two American species
   (Phycis  chuss  and P. tenius) are important food fishes, and are also
   valued  for  their  oil  and  sounds.  Called  also squirrel hake, and


   Hake (?), v. t. To loiter; to sneak. [Prov. Eng.]


   Hake's"-dame` (?), n. See Forkbeard.


   Hak"e*ton (?), n. Same as Acton. [Obs.]


   Ha*kim"  (?),  n.  [Ar.  hak\'c6m.]  A  wise  man; a physician, esp. a
   Mohammedan. [India]


   Ha"kim  (?),  n.  [Ar.  h\'bekim.]  A  Mohammedan title for a ruler; a
   judge. [India]


   Ha*la"cha  (?),  n.;  pl. Halachoth([Heb. hal\'bech\'beh.] The general
   term  for  the  Hebrew oral or traditional law; one of two branches of
   exposition in the Midrash. See Midrash.


   Ha-la"tion  (?),  n.  (Photog.)  An  appearance as of a halo of light,
   surround the edges of dark object


   Hal"berd  (?;  277),  n.  [F.  hallebarde;  of German origin; cf. MHG.
   helmbarte, G. hellebarte; prob. orig., an ax to split a helmet, fr. G.
   barte  a  broad  ax (orig. from the same source as E. beard; cf. Icel.
   bar,  a  kind  of  ax,  skegg beard, skeggia a kind of halberd) + helm
   helmet; but cf. also MNG. helm, halm, handle, and E. helve. See Beard,
   Helmet.]  (Mil.) An ancient long-handled weapon, of which the head had
   a  point  and  several  long,  sharp  edges,  curved  or straight, and
   sometimes   additional  points.  The  heads  were  sometimes  of  very
   elaborate form. [Written also halbert.]


   Hal`berd*ier"  (?),  n.  [F.  hallebardier.]  One  who is armed with a
   halberd. Strype.


   Hal"berd-shaped` (?), a. Hastate.


   Hal"cy*on  (?),  n.  [L.  halcyon,  alcyon,  Gr.halcyon.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   kingfisher. By modern ornithologists restricted to a genus including a
   limited  number  of  species  having  omnivorous habits, as the sacred
   kingfisher (Halcyon sancta) of Australia.

     Amidst  our  arms  as  quiet you shall be As halcyons brooding on a
     winter sea. Dryden.


   Hal"cy*on, a.

   1. Pertaining to, or resembling, the halcyon, which was anciently said
   to  lay  her  eggs in nests on or near the sea during the calm weather
   about the winter solstice.

   2.  Hence:  Calm;  quiet; peaceful; undisturbed; happy. "Deep, halcyon
   repose." De Quincy.


   Hal`cy*o"ni*an (?), a. Halcyon; calm.


   Hal"cy*o*nold (?), a. & n. [Halcyon + -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) See Alcyonoid.


   Hale  (?),  a.  [Written also heil, Icel. heill; akin to E. whole. See
   Whole.] Sound; entire; healthy; robust; not impaired; as, a hale body.

     Last year we thought him strong and hale. Swift.


   Hale, n. Welfare. [Obs.]

     All heedless of his dearest hale. Spenser.


   Hale (h&amac;l OR h&add;l; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Haled (h\'beld OR
   h&add;ld);  p.  pr.  &  vb.  n.  Haling.]  [OE. halen, halien; cf. AS.
   holian,  to  acquire,  get.  See Haul.] To pull; to drag; to haul. See
   Haul. Chaucer.

     Easier both to freight, and to hale ashore. Milton.

     As some dark priest hales the reluctant victim. Shelley.


   Ha*le"si*a  (?), n. [NL.] (Bot.) A genus of American shrubs containing
   several  species,  called  snowdrop  trees, or silver-bell trees. They
   have showy, white flowers, drooping on slender pedicels.


   Half (?), a. [AS. healf, half, half; as a noun, half, side, part; akin
   to  OS.,  OFries.,  &  D.  half,  G.  halb, Sw. half, Dan. halv, Icel.
   h\'belfr, Goth. halbs. Cf. Halve, Behalf.]

   1.  Consisting of a moiety, or half; as, a half bushel; a half hour; a
   half dollar; a half view.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ad jective an d no un ar e often united to form a

   2.   Consisting   of   some  indefinite  portion  resembling  a  half;
   approximately  a half, whether more or less; partial; imperfect; as, a
   half dream; half knowledge.

     Assumed from thence a half consent. Tennyson.

   Half  ape  (Zo\'94l.),  a lemur. -- Half back. (Football) See under 2d
   Back.  --  Half bent, the first notch, for the sear point to enter, in
   the tumbler of a gunlock; the halfcock notch. -- Half binding, a style
   of  bookbinding  in which only the back and corners are in leather. --
   Half  boarder,  one  who  boards in part; specifically, a scholar at a
   boarding   school   who   takes  dinner  only.  --  Half-breadth  plan
   (Shipbuilding),  a  horizontal  plan  of  the  half  a vessel, divided
   lengthwise,  showing  the  lines. -- Half cadence (Mus.), a cadence on
   the  dominant. -- Half cap, a slight salute with the cap. [Obs.] Shak.
   -- A half cock, the position of the cock of a gun when retained by the
   first  notch.<--  half  cocked:  see  below, halfcocked: = unprepared,
   lacking  forethought; -- as in go off half cocked --> -- Half hitch, a
   sailor's  knot  in  a rope; half of a clove hitch. -- Half hose, short
   stockings;  socks.  --  Half  measure,  an  imperfect  or weak line of
   action. -- Half note (Mus.), a minim, one half of a semibreve. -- Half
   pay,  half of the wages or salary; reduced pay; as, an officer on half
   pay.  -- Half price, half the ordinary price; or a price much reduced.
   --  Half  round.  (a)  (Arch.)  A molding of semicircular section. (b)
   (Mech.) Having one side flat and the other rounded; -- said of a file.
   --  Half  shift  (Mus.),  a  position  of  the  hand, between the open
   position  and  the  first  shift, in playing on the violin and kindred
   instruments.  See Shift. -- Half step (Mus.), a semitone; the smallest
   difference of pitch or interval, used in music. -- Half tide, the time
   or state of the tide equally distant from ebb and flood. -- Half time,
   half  the  ordinary  time  for  work  or attendance; as, the half-time
   system. -- Half tint (Fine Arts), a middle or intermediate tint, as in
   drawing  or  painting.  See  Demitint. -- Half truth, a statement only
   partially  true,  or  which  gives  only  a  part  of  the truth. Mrs.
   Browning.  --  Half year, the space of six moths; one term of a school
   when there are two terms in a year.

   Page 665


   Half,  adv.  In  an  equal part or degree; in some paas, half-colored,
   half  done,  half-hearted,  half persuaded, half conscious. "Half loth
   and half consenting." Dryden.

     Their children spoke halfin the speech of Ashdod. Neh. xiii. 24


   Half (?), n.; pl. Halves (#). [AS. healf. See Half, a.]

   1. Part; side; behalf. [Obs.] Wyclif.

     The four halves of the house. Chaucer.

   2.  One  of  two  equal  parts  into which anything may be divided, or
   considered  as  divided; -- sometimes followed by of; as, a half of an

     Not half his riches known, and yet despised. Milton.

     A friendship so complete Portioned in halves between us. Tennyson.

   Better  half.  See  under  Better.  --  In half, in two; an expression
   sometimes  used improperly instead of in OR into halves; as, to cut in
   half. [Colloq.] Dickens. -- In, OR On, one's half, in one's behalf; on
   one's  part.  [Obs.]  --  To  cry halves, to claim an equal share with
   another. -- To go halves, to share equally between two.


   Half, v. t. To halve. [Obs.] See Halve. Sir H. Wotton.


   Half`-and-half",  n.  A  mixture  of two malt liquors, esp. porter and
   ale, in about equal parts. Dickens.


   Half"beak`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) Any slender, marine fish of the genus
   Hemirhamphus,  having  the  upper  jaw much shorter than the lower; --
   called also balahoo.

                                  Half blood

   Half" blood` (?).

   1. The relation between persons born of the same father or of the same
   mother,  but  not  of both; as, a brother or sister of the half blood.
   See Blood, n., 2 and 4.

   2. A person so related to another.

   3.  A  person  whose  father  and  mother  are  of  different races; a

     NOTE: &hand; In the 2d and 3d senses usually with a hyphen.


   Half"-blood`ed, a.

   1.  Proceeding  from  a  male and female of different breeds or races;
   having only one parent of good stock; as, a half-blooded sheep.

   2. Degenerate; mean.


   Half"-boot`  (?),  n. A boot with a short top covering only the ankle.
   See Cocker, and Congress boot, under Congress.


   Half"-bound` (?), n. Having only the back and corners in leather, as a


   Half"-bred` (?), a.

   1. Half-blooded. [Obs.]

   2.  Imperfectly  acquainted  with the rules of good-breeding; not well
   trained. Atterbury.


   Half"-breed` (?), a. Half-blooded.


   Half"-breed`,  n. A person who is blooded; the offspring of parents of
   different races, especially of the American Indian and the white race.


   Half"-broth`er (?), n. A brother by one parent, but not by both.


   Half"-caste`  (?),  n.  One born of a European parent on the one side,
   and  of  a  Hindoo  or  Mohammedan  on  the other. Also adjective; as,
   half-caste parents.


   Half"-clammed` (?), a. Half-filled. [Obs.]

     Lions' half-clammed entrails roar food. Marston.


   Half"cock`  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Halfcocked(?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Halfcocking.] To set the cock of (a firearm) at the first notch. To go
   off  halfcocked. (a) To be discharged prematurely, or with the trigger
   at half cock; -- said of a firearm. (b) To do or say something without
   due thought or care. [Colloq. or Low] <-- now written half-cocked -->


   Half"-cracked` (?), a. Half-demented; half-witted. [Colloq.]


   Half"-deck` (?), n.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A shell of the genus Crepidula; a boat shell. See Boat

   2. See Half deck, under Deck.


   Half"-decked` (?), a. Partially decked.

     The half-decked craft . . . used by the latter Vikings. Elton.


   Half"en  (?),  a.  [From Half.] Wanting half its due qualities. [Obs.]


   Half"en*deal` (?), adv. [OE. halfendele. See Half, and Deal.] Half; by
   the part. [Obs.] Chaucer. -- n. A half part. [Obs.] R. of Brunne.


   Half"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who  possesses or gives half only; one who shares. [Obs.] Bp.

   2. A male fallow deer gelded. Pegge (1814).


   Half"-faced`  (?), a. Showing only part of the face; wretched looking;
   meager. Shak.


   Half"-fish`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A salmon in its fifth year of growth.
   [Prov. Eng.]


   Half"-hatched`  (?),  a.  Imperfectly  hatched; as, half-hatched eggs.


   Half"-heard` (?), a. Imperfectly or partly heard to the end.

     And leave half-heard the melancholy tale. Pope.


   Half"-heart`ed (?), a.

   1. Wanting in heart or spirit; ungenerous; unkind. B. Jonson.

   2.  Lacking  zeal or courage; lukewarm. <-- (of actions) not performed
   with full effort --> H. James.


   Half"-hour`ly (?), a. Done or happening at intervals of half an hour.


   Half"-learned` (?), a. Imperfectly learned.


   Half"-length`  (?),  a.  Of  half  the  whole or ordinary length, as a


   Half"-mast`  (?),  n. A point some distance below the top of a mast or
   staff; as, a flag a half-mast (a token of mourning, etc.).


   Half"-moon`, n.

   1. The moon at the quarters, when half its disk appears illuminated.

   2. The shape of a half-moon; a crescent.

     See  how  in warlike muster they appear, In rhombs, and wedges, and
     half-moons, and wings. Milton.

   3.  (Fort.)  An outwork composed of two faces, forming a salient angle
   whose gorge resembles a half-moon; -- now called a ravelin.

   4. (Zo\'94l.) A marine, sparoid, food fish of California (C\'91siosoma
   Californiense). The body is ovate, blackish above, blue or gray below.
   Called also medialuna.


   Half"ness (?), n. The quality of being half; incompleteness. [R.]

     As  soon  as there is any departure from simplicity, and attempt at
     halfness,  or  good  for  me  that is not good for him, my neighbor
     feels the wrong. Emerson.


   Half"pace`  (?),  n. (Arch.) A platform of a staircase where the stair
   turns  back  in exactly the reverse direction of the lower flight. See

     NOTE: &hand; Th is te rm an d quartepace are rare or unknown in the
     United States, platform or landing being used instead.


   Half"-pike` (?), n. (Mil.) A short pike, sometimes carried by officers
   of infantry, sometimes used in boarding ships; a spontoon. Tatler.


   Half"-port`  (?),  n.  (Naut.) One half of a shutter made in two parts
   for closing a porthole.


   Half"-ray`  (?), n. (Geom.) A straight line considered as drawn from a
   center  to  an  indefinite distance in one direction, the complete ray
   being  the  whole  line  drawn  to  an  indefinite  distance  in  both


   Half"-read`  (?),  a.  Informed  by insufficient reading; superficial;
   shallow. Dryden.

                                Half seas over

   Half"  seas`  o`ver (?). Half drunk. [Slang: used only predicatively.]


   Half"-sight`ed  (?),  a.  Seeing imperfectly; having weak discernment.


   Half"-sis`ter (?), n. A sister by one parent only.


   Half"-strained`  (?),  a.  Half-bred; imperfect. [R.] "A half-strained
   villain." Dryden.


   Half"-sword`  (?),  n.  Half  the  length of a sword; close fight. "At
   half-sword." Shak.


   Half"-tim`bered  (?), a. (Arch.) Constructed of a timber frame, having
   the spaces filled in with masonry; -- said of buildings.


   Half"-tounue`  (?),  n.  (O.  Law)  A  jury,  for  the trial of a fore
   foreigner, composed equally of citizens and aliens.


   Half"way`  (?), adv. In the middle; at half the distance; imperfectly;
   partially; as, he halfway yielded.

     Temples proud to meet their gods halfway. Young.


   Half"way`,  a.  Equally  distant  from  the  extremes;  situated at an
   intermediate  point;  midway.  Halfway  covenant, a practice among the
   Congregational  churches  of  New  England,  between 1657 and 1662, of
   permitting  baptized persons of moral life and orthodox faith to enjoy
   all  the  privileges  of  church membership, save the partaking of the
   Lord's  Supper.  They  were also allowed to present their children for
   baptism.  --  Halfway  house,  an  inn  or  place  of call midway on a


   Half"-wit` (?), n. A foolish; a dolt; a blockhead; a dunce. Dryden.


   Half"-wit`ted (?), a. Weak in intellect; silly.


   Half"-year`ly  (?),  a.  Two in a year; semiannual. -- adv. Twice in a
   year; semiannually.


   Hal"i*but  (?;277),  n. [OE. hali holy + but, butte, flounder; akin to
   D. bot, G. butte; cf. D. heilbot, G. heilbutt. So named as being eaten
   on  holidays. See Holy, Holiday.] (Zo\'94l.) A large, northern, marine
   flatfish  (Hippoglossus  vulgaris), of the family Pleuronectid\'91. It
   often grows very large, weighing more than three hundred pounds. It is
   an important food fish. [Written also holibut.]


   Hal`i*chon"dri*\'91  (?),  n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An order of
   sponges,  having  simple  siliceous  spicules  and keratose fibers; --
   called also Keratosilicoidea.


   Hal"i*core (?; L.?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. Same as Dugong.


   Hal"i*dom  (?),  n.  [AS.  h\'beligd  holiness,  sacrament, sanctuary,
   relics; h\'belig holy + -d, E. -dom. See Holy.]

   1.  Holiness; sanctity; sacred oath; sacred things; sanctuary; -- used
   chiefly in oaths. [Archaic]

     So God me help and halidom. Piers Plowman.

     By my halidom, I was fast asleep. Shak.

   2. Holy doom; the Last Day. [R.] Shipley.


   Hal`i*eu"tics  (?),  n.  [L.  halieuticus pertaining to fishing, Gr. A
   treatise upon fish or the art of fishing; ichthyology.


   Hal"mas  (?),  a. [See Hallowmas.] The feast of All Saints; Hallowmas.


   Ha`li*og"ra*pher  (?  or  ?), n. One who writes about or describes the


   Ha`li*og"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -graphy.] Description of the sea; the
   science that treats of the sea.


   Ha`li*o"tis  (?  or  ?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of marine
   shells; the ear-shells. See Abalone.


   Ha"li*o*toid`  (?  or  ?),  a.  [Haliots  +  -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) Like or
   pertaining to the genus Haliotis; ear-shaped.


   Hal`i*sau"ri*a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) The Enaliosauria.


   Ha"lite (? or ?), n. [Gr. (Min.) Native salt; sodium chloride.


   Ha*lit"u*ous  (?;  135),  a.  [L. halitus breath, vapor, fr. halare to
   breathe:  cf.  F.  halitueux.] Produced by, or like, breath; vaporous.


   Halk (?), n. A nook; a corner. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hall  (?),  n. [OE. halle, hal, AS. heal, heall; akin to D. hal, OS. &
   OHG. halla, G. halle, Icel. h\'94lt, and prob. from a root meaning, to
   hide, conceal, cover. See Hell, Helmet.]

   1.  A  building or room of considerable size and stateliness, used for
   public purposes; as, Westminster Hall, in London.

   2.  (a)  The chief room in a castle or manor house, and in early times
   the only public room, serving as the place of gathering for the lord's
   family  with  the retainers and servants, also for cooking and eating.
   It  was  often  contrasted  with  the  bower, which was the private or
   sleeping apartment.

     Full sooty was her bower and eke her hall. Chaucer.

   Hence,  as the entrance from outside was directly into the hall: (b) A
   vestibule,  entrance  room,  etc., in the more elaborated buildings of
   later times. Hence: (c) Any corridor or passage in a building.

   3.  A  name  given to many manor houses because the magistrate's court
   was held in the hall of his mansion; a chief mansion house. Cowell.

   4.  A  college  in  an  English  university  (at  Oxford, an unendowed

   5.  The apartment in which English university students dine in common;
   hence, the dinner itself; as, hall is at six o'clock.

   6.  Cleared  passageway in a crowd; -- formerly an exclamation. [Obs.]
   "A  hall!  a  hall!"  B.  Jonson.  Syn.  -- Entry; court; passage. See


   Hall"age  (?;  48), n. (O. Eng. Law) A fee or toll paid for goods sold
   in a hall.

                            Halleluiah, Hallelujah

   Hal`le*lu"iah,  Hal`le*lu"jah  (?),  n. & interj. [Heb. See Alleluia.]
   Praise  ye Jehovah; praise ye the Lord; -- an exclamation used chiefly
   in  songs  of  praise  or thanksgiving to God, and as an expression of
   gratitude or adoration. Rev. xix. 1 (Rev. Ver. ) 

     So sung they, and the empyrean rung With Hallelujahs. Milton.

     In  those days, as St. Jerome tells us,"any one as he walked in the
     fields, might hear the plowman at his hallelujahs." Sharp.


   Hal`le*lu*jat"ic  (?),  a.  Pertaining to, or containing, hallelujahs.


   Hal"liard (?), n. See Halyard.


   Hal"li*dome (?), n. Same as Halidom.


   Hal"li*er (? or ?), n. [From Hale to pull.] A kind of net for catching


   Hall"-mark`  (?), n. The official stamp of the Goldsmiths' Company and
   other  assay  offices,  in  the  United  Kingdom,  on  gold and silver
   articles,  attesting  their  purity.  Also used figuratively; -- as, a
   word or phrase lacks the hall-mark of the best writers.


   Hal*loa" (?). See Halloo.


   Hal*loo"  (?),  n.  [Perh. fr. ah + lo; cf. AS. eal\'be, G. halloh, F.
   haler  to  set  (a  dog) on. Cf. Hollo, interj.] A loud exclamation; a
   call to invite attention or to incite a person or an animal; a shout.

     List!  List!  I  hear  Some  far  off  halloo break the silent air.


   Hal*loo", v. i. [imp. & p. p. Hallooed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Halloing.]
   To  cry  out; to exclaim with a loud voice; to call to a person, as by
   the word halloo.

     Country folks hallooed and hooted after me. Sir P. Sidney.


   Hal*loo", v. t.

   1. To encourage with shouts.

     Old John hallooes his hounds again. Prior.

   2. To chase with shouts or outcries.

     If I fly . . . Halloo me like a hare. Shak.

   3. To call or shout to; to hail. Shak.


   Hal*loo",  interj.  [OE. halow. See Halloo, n.] An exclamation to call
   attention or to encourage one.


   Hal"low  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Hallowed(?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hallowing.]  [OE.  halowen,  halwien,  halgien,  AS.  h\'belgian,  fr.
   h\'belig  holy.  See  Holy.]  To  make  holy; to set apart for holy or
   religious  use;  to  consecrate;  to  treat  or  keep  as  sacred;  to
   reverence. "Hallowed be thy name." Matt. vi. 9.

     Hallow the Sabbath day, to do no work therein. Jer. xvii. 24.

     His secret altar touched with hallowed fire. Milton.

     In a larger sense . . . we can not hallow this ground [Gettysburg].
     A. Lincoln.


   Hal`low*een"  (?),  n. The evening preceding Allhallows or All Saints'
   Day. [Scot.]<-- October 31 --> Burns.


   Hal"low*mas (?), n. [See Mass the eucharist.] The feast of All Saints,
   or Allhallows.

     To speak puling, like a beggar at Hallowmas. Shak.


   Hal*loy"site (?), n. [Named after Omalius d'Halloy.] (Min.) A claylike
   mineral,  occurring  in  soft,  smooth, amorphous masses, of a whitish


   Hal"lu*cal (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the hallux.


   Hal*lu"ci*nate  (?),  v.  i.  [L.  hallucinatus,  alucinatus, p. p. of
   hallucinari,  alucinari,  to  wander  in  mind,  talk idly, dream.] To
   wander; to go astray; to err; to blunder; -- used of mental processes.
   [R.] Byron.


   Hal*lu`ci*na"tion (?), n. [L. hallucinatio cf. F. hallucination.]

   1.  The act of hallucinating; a wandering of the mind; error; mistake;
   a blunder.

     This must have been the hallucination of the transcriber. Addison.

   Page 666

   2.  (Med.)  The  perception  of  objects  which have no reality, or of
   sensations  which  have  no corresponding external cause, arising from
   disorder or the nervous system, as in delirium tremens; delusion.

     Hallucinations  are always evidence of cerebral derangement and are
     common phenomena of insanity. W. A. Hammond.


   Hal*lu"ci*na`tor (?), n. [L.] One whose judgment and acts are affected
   by  hallucinations;  one who errs on account of his hallucinations. N.
   Brit. Rev.


   Hal*lu"ci*na*to*ry  (?),  a.  Partaking  of,  or  tending  to produce,


   Hal"lux  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. L. hallex, allex.] (Anat.) The first, or
   preaxial,  digit  of the hind limb, corresponding to the pollux in the
   fore limb; the great toe; the hind toe of birds.


   Halm (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Haulm.


   Hal"ma  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Greek  Antiq.) The long jump, with
   weights  in  the  hands, -- the most important of the exercises of the


   Ha"lo  (?),  n.; pl. Halos(. [L. halos, acc. halo, Gr. volvere, and E.

   1.  A luminous circle, usually prismatically colored, round the sun or
   moon,  and  supposed  to  be caused by the refraction of light through
   crystals  of  ice  in  the  atmosphere. Connected with halos there are
   often  white  bands,  crosses,  or  arches,  resulting  from  the same
   atmospheric conditions.

   2.  A  circle  of  light;  especially,  the bright ring represented in
   painting  as surrounding the heads of saints and other holy persons; a
   glory; a nimbus.

   3.  An  ideal  glory  investing,  or affecting one's perception of, an

   4. A colored circle around a nipple; an areola.


   Ha"lo,  v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Haloed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Haloing.]
   To  form,  or  surround  with, a halo; to encircle with, or as with, a

     The fire That haloed round his saintly brow. Sothey.


   Ha"loed  (?), a. Surrounded with a halo; invested with an ideal glory;

     Some haloed face bending over me. C. Bront\'82.


   Hal"o*gen   (?),   n.   [Gr.  "a`ls,  "alo`s,  salt  +  -gen:  cf.  F.
   halog\'8ane.]  (Chem.)  An electro-negative element or radical, which,
   by  combination  with  a  metal,  forms  a  haloid  salt;  especially,
   chlorine, bromine, and iodine; sometimes, also, fluorine and cyanogen.
   See Chlorine family, under Chlorine.


   Ha*log"e*nous (?), a. Of the nature of a halogen.


   Ha"loid  (?  or  ?),  a.  [Gr. "a`ls, "alo`s salt + -oid: cf. F. cal.]
   (Chem.)   Resembling   salt;  --  said  of  certain  binary  compounds
   consisting of a metal united to a negative element or radical, and now
   chiefly  applied  to  the  chlorides, bromides, iodides, and sometimes
   also to the fluorides and cyanides. -- n. A haloid substance.


   Hal"o*man`cy (?), n. See Alomancy.


   Ha*lom"e*ter (?), n. [Gr. "a`ls, "alo`s, salt + -meter.] An instrument
   for   measuring  the  forms  and  angles  of  salts  and  crystals;  a


   Ha*lo"nes  (?),  n.  pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Biol.) Alternating transparent
   and  opaque  white rings which are seen outside the blastoderm, on the
   surface of the developing egg of the hen and other birds.


   Hal"o*phyte  (?),  n.  [Gr. "a`ls, "alo`s, salt + (Bot.) A plant found
   growing in salt marshes, or in the sea.


   Ha"lo*scope  (?),  n. [Halo + -scope.] An instrument for exhibition or
   illustration of the phenomena of halos, parhelia, and the like.


   Hal*o*tri"chite  (?),  n.  [Gr.  "a`ls  sea  + fri`x, tricho`s, hair.]
   (Min.)  An  iron  alum  occurring  in  silky  fibrous  aggregates of a
   yellowish white color.


   Ha*lox"y*line,  n.  [Gr.  "a`ls,  "alo`s,  salt  +  xy`lon  wood.]  An
   explosive   mixture,  consisting  of  sawdust,  charcoal,  niter,  and
   ferrocyanide of potassium, used as a substitute for gunpowder.


   Halp (?), imp. of Help. Helped. [Obs.]


   Hal"pace (?), n. (Arch.) See Haut pas.


   Hals  (?),  n.  [AS. heals; akin to D., G., & Goth. hals. See Collar.]
   The neck or throat. [Obs.]

     Do me hangen by the hals. Chaucer.


   Halse (?), v. t. [AS. healsian.]

   1. To embrace about the neck; to salute; to greet. [Obs.]

     Each other kissed glad And lovely halst. Spenser.

   2. To adjure; to beseech; to entreat. [Obs.]

     O dere child, I halse thee, In virtue of the Holy Trinity. Chaucer.


   Halse,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Halsed (h?lst); p. pr. & vb. n. Halsing.]
   [Cf. Hawser.] To haul; to hoist. [Obs.]


   Hal"sen*ing  (?),  a.  Sounding  harshly  in the throat; inharmonious;
   rough. [Obs.] Carew.


   Hals"er (?), n. See Hawser. Pope.


   Halt  (?),  3d  pers.  sing.  pres.  of Hold, contraction for holdeth.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Halt (?), n. [Formerly alt, It. alto, G. halt, fr. halten to hold. See
   Hold.]  A  stop  in  marching  or walking, or in any action; arrest of

     Without any halt they marched. Clarendon.

     [Lovers]  soon  in  passion's  war contest, Yet in their march soon
     make a halt. Davenant.


   Halt, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Halted; p. pr. & vb. n. Halting.]

   1.  To hold one's self from proceeding; to hold up; to cease progress;
   to  stop  for  a longer or shorter period; to come to a stop; to stand

   2. To stand in doubt whether to proceed, or what to do; to h

     How long halt ye between two opinions? 1 Kings xviii. 21


   Halt  (?),  v.  t. (Mil.) To cause to cease marching; to stop; as, the
   general halted his troops for refreshment.


   Halt,  a.  [AS.  healt;  akin  to  OS., Dan., & Sw. halt, Icel. haltr,
   halltr, Goth. halts, OHG. halz.] Halting or stopping in walking; lame.

     Bring  in  hither  the  poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the
     blind. Luke xiv. 21. 


   Halt, n. The act of limping; lameness.


   Halt, v. i. [OE. halten, AS. healtian. See Halt, a.]

   1. To walk lamely; to limp.

   2. To have an irregular rhythm; to be defective.

     The blank verse shall halt for it. Shak.


   Halt"er (?), n. One who halts or limps


   Hal"ter  (?), n. [OE. halter, helter, helfter, AS. h\'91lftre; akin to
   G.  halfter,  D. halfter, halster, and also to E. helve. See Helve.] A
   strong strap or cord. Especially: (a) A rope or strap, with or without
   a  headstall,  for  leading  or  tying a horse. (b) A rope for hanging
   malefactors; a noose. Shak.

     No  man  e'er  felt  the  halter draw With good opinion of the law.


   Hal"ter, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Haltered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Haltering.]
   To  tie by the neck with a rope, strap, or halter; to put a halter on;
   to subject to a hangman's halter. "A haltered neck." Shak.


   Hal*te"res  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  Balancers; the
   rudimentary hind wings of Diptera.


   Hal"ter-sack`  (?), n. A term of reproach, implying that one is fit to
   be hanged. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Halt"ing*ly (?), adv. In a halting or limping manner.


   Hal"vans (?), n. pl. (Mining) Impure ore; dirty ore.


   Hal"ve (?), n. A half. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Halve  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Halved (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Halving.]
   [From Half.]

   1.  To  divide  into  two equal parts; as, to halve an apple; to be or
   form half of.

     So  far apart their lives are thrown From the twin soul that halves
     their own. M. Arnold.

   2.  (Arch.) To join, as two pieces of timber, by cutting away each for
   half its thickness at the joining place, and fitting together.


   Halved  (?),  a. Appearing as if one side, or one half, were cut away;


   Halves  (?), n., pl. of Half. By halves, by one half at once; halfway;
   fragmentarily; partially; incompletely.

     I can not believe by halves; either I have faith, or I have it not.
     J. H. Newman.

   To go halves. See under Go.


   Hal"we  (?),  n.  [OE.,  fr.  AS. h\'belga. See Holy.] A saint. [Obs.]


   Hal'yard  (?),  n.  [Hale, v. t. + yard.] (Naut.) A rope or tackle for
   hoisting or lowering yards, sails, flags, etc. [Written also halliard,


   Hal`y*si"tes  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Paleon.) A genus of Silurian
   fossil corals; the chain corals. See Chain coral, under Chain.


   Ham (?), n. Home. [North of Eng.] Chaucer.


   Ham  (?),  n.  [AS.  ham;  akin to D. ham, dial. G. hamme, OHG. hamma.
   Perh.  named  from  the  bend  at the ham, and akin to E. chamber. Cf.
   Gammon ham.]

   1. (Anat.) The region back of the knee joint; the popliteal space; the

   2.  The  thigh  of any animal; especially, the thigh of a hog cured by
   salting and smoking.

     A plentiful lack of wit, together with most weak ham. Shak.


   Ham"a*dry`ad  (?),  n.; pl. E. Hamadryads (#), L. Hamadryades (#). [L.
   Hamadryas, -adis, Gr. hamadryade. See Same, and Tree.]

   1.  (Class.  Myth.)  A  tree  nymph  whose life ended with that of the
   particular tree, usually an oak, which had been her abode.

   2.   (Zo\'94l.)  A  large  venomous  East  Indian  snake  (Orhiophagus
   bungarus), allied to the cobras.


   Ha*ma"dry*as  (?), n. [L., a hamadryad. See Hamadryad.] (Zo\'94l.) The
   sacred baboon of Egypt (Cynocephalus Hamadryas).


   Ham`a*me"lis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Bot.) A genus of plants which
   includes the witch-hazel (Hamamelis Virginica), a preparation of which
   is used medicinally.


   Ha"mate  (?), a. [L. hamatus, fr. hamus hook.] Hooked; bent at the end
   into a hook; hamous.


   Ha"ma*ted (?), a. Hooked, or set with hooks; hamate. Swift.


   Ha*ma"tum (?), n. [NL., fr. L. hamatus hooked.] (Anat.) See Unciform.


   Ham"ble  (?),  v.  t.  [OE. hamelen to mutilate, AS. hamelian; akin to
   OHG. hamal to mutilate, hamal mutilated, ham mutilated, Icel. hamla to
   mutilate. Cf.Ham to fetter.] To hamstring. [Obs.]


   Ham"burg  (?),  n. A commercial city of Germany, near the mouth of the
   Elbe.  Black  Hamburg  grape.  See under Black. -- Hamburg , a kind of
   embroidered  work  done by machinery on cambric or muslin; -- used for
   trimming.  --  Hamburg  lake,  a  purplish  crimson pigment resembling


   Hame (?), n. Home. [Scot. & O. Eng.]


   Hame, n. [Scot. haims, hammys, hems, OE. ham; cf. D. haam.] One of the
   two curved pieces of wood or metal, in the harness of a draught horse,
   to  which the traces are fastened. They are fitted upon the collar, or
   have pads fitting the horse's neck attached to them.


   Ham"el (?), v. t. [Obs.] Same as Hamele.

                            Hamesecken, Hamesucken

   Hame"seck`en  (?),  Hame"suck`en  (?),  n. [AS. h\'bems. See Home, and
   Seek.]  (Scots  Law) The felonious seeking and invasion of a person in
   his dwelling house. Bouvier.


   Ha"mi*form (?), n. [L. hamus hook + -form.] Hook-shaped.

                                Hamilton period

   Ham"il*ton  pe"ri*od (?). (Geol.) A subdivision of the Devonian system
   of  America;  --  so  named  from  Hamilton, Madison Co., New York. It
   includes  the  Marcellus,  Hamilton, and Genesee epochs or groups. See
   the Chart of Geology.


   Ham`i*nu"ra  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A large edible river fish (Erythrinus
   macrodon) of Guiana.


   Ha"mite  (?),  n.[L. hamus hook.] (Paleon.) A fossil cephalopod of the
   genus  Hamites,  related  to  the ammonites, but having the last whorl
   bent into a hooklike form.


   Ham"ite  (?),  n.  A descendant of Ham, Noah's second son. See Gen. x.


   Ha*it"ic  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to  Ham  or  his  descendants. Hamitic
   languages,  the group of languages spoken mainly in the Sahara, Egypt,
   Galla, and Som&acir;li Land, and supposed to be allied to the Semitic.
   Keith Johnson.


   Ham"let  (?), n. [OWE. hamelet, OF. hamelet, dim. of hamel, F. hameau,
   LL.  hamellum,  a  dim. of German origin; cf. G. heim home. &root;220.
   See Home.] A small village; a little cluster of houses in the country.

     The country wasted, and the hamlets burned. Dryden.

   Syn. -- Village; neighborhood. See Village.


   Ham"let*ed, p. a. Confined to a hamlet. Feltham.


   Ham"mer  (?),  n. [OE. hamer, AS. hamer, hamor; akin to D. hamer, G. &
   Dan. hammer, Sw. hammare, Icel. hamarr, hammer, crag, and perh. to Gr.
   a stone.]

   1.  An  instrument  for  driving  nails, beating metals, and the like,
   consisting  of  a head, usually of steel or iron, fixed crosswise to a

     With busy hammers closing rivets up. Shak.

   2.  Something which in firm or action resembles the common hammer; as:
   (a)  That  part of a clock which strikes upon the bell to indicate the
   hour.  (b)  The  padded mallet of a piano, which strikes the wires, to
   produce the tones. (c) (Anat.) The malleus. See under Ear. (Gun.) That
   part of a gunlock which strikes the percussion cap, or firing pin; the
   cock;  formerly,  however,  a  piece  of  steel  covering the pan of a
   flintlock  musket  and  struck  by the flint of the cock to ignite the
   priming.  (e) Also, a person of thing that smites or shatters; as, St.
   Augustine was the hammer of heresies.

     He  met  the  stern legionaries [of Rome] who had been the "massive
     iron hammers" of the whole earth. J. H. Newman.

   Atmospheric hammer, a dead-stroke hammer in which the spring is formed
   by  confined  air.  --  Drop hammer, Face hammer, etc. See under Drop,
   Face,  etc.  --  Hammer fish. See Hammerhead. -- Hammer hardening, the
   process  of hardening metal by hammering it when cold. -- Hammer shell
   (Zo\'94l.),  any species of Malleus, a genus of marine bivalve shells,
   allied to the pearl oysters, having the wings narrow and elongated, so
   as to give them a hammer-shaped outline; -- called also hammer oyster.
   -- To bring to the hammer, to put up at auction.


   Ham"mer, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hammered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hammering.]

   1.  To  beat  with  a  hammer; to beat with heavy blows; as, to hammer

   2.  To  form  or  forge  with a hammer; to shape by beating. "Hammered
   money." Dryden.

   3.  To  form  in  the  mind;  to  shape by hard intellectual labor; --
   usually with out.

     Who was hammering out a penny dialogue. Jeffry.


   Ham"mer, v. i.

   1.  To be busy forming anything; to labor hard as if shaping something
   with a hammer.

     Whereon this month I have hammering. Shak.

   2. To strike repeated blows, literally or figuratively.

     Blood and revenge are hammering in my head. Shak.


   Ham"mer*a*ble  (?),  a. Capable of being formed or shaped by a hammer.


   Ham"mer-b  (?),  n. (Cothic Arch.) A member of one description of roof
   truss,  called  hammer-beam truss, which is so framed as not to have a
   tiebeam  at  the top of the wall. Each principal has two hammer-beams,
   which occupy the situation, and to some extent serve the purpose, of a


   Ham"mer*cloth` (?; 115), n. [Prob. fr. D. hemel heaven, canopy, tester
   (akin  to G. himmel, and perh. also to E. heaven) + E. cloth; or perh.
   a corruption of hamper cloth.] The cloth which covers a coach box.


   Ham"mer-dressed`  (?),  a.  Having the surface roughly shaped or faced
   with the stonecutter's hammer; -- said of building stone.


   Ham"mer*er (?), n. One who works with a hammer.


   Ham"mer-hard`en  (?),  v. t. To harden, as a metal, by hammering it in
   the cold state.


   Ham"mer*head` (?), n.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  shark of the genus Sphyrna or Zyg\'91na, having the
   eyes  set  on projections from the sides of the head, which gives it a
   hammer  shape.  The  Sphyrna zyg\'91na is found in the North Atlantic.
   Called also hammer fish, and balance fish.

   Page 667

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A fresh-water fish; the stone-roller.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  African fruit bat (Hypsignathus monstrosus); -- so
   called from its large blunt nozzle.


   Ham"mer*kop (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A bird of the Heron family; the umber.


   Ham"mer-less, a. (Firearms) Without a visible hammer; -- said of a gun
   having  a  cock or striker concealed from sight, and out of the way of
   an accidental touch.


   Ham"mer*man (?), n.; pl. Hammermen (. A hammerer; a forgeman.


   Ham`mo*chry"sos  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr.  Gr. chryso`s gold.] A stone with
   spangles of gold color in it.


   Ham"mock  (?),  n. [A word of Indian origin: cf. Sp. hamaca. Columbus,
   in  the  Narrative of his first voyage, says: "A great many Indians in
   canoes  came  to  the  ship  to-day for the purpose of bartering their
   cotton, and hamacas, or nets, in which they sleep."]

   1.  A  swinging  couch or bed, usually made of netting or canvas about
   six feet wide, suspended by clews or cords at the ends.

   2. A piece of land thickly wooded, and usually covered with bushes and
   vines.  Used  also  adjectively;  as,  hammock  land. [Southern U. S.]
   Hammock  nettings  (Naut.),  formerly, nets for stowing hammocks; now,
   more  often,  wooden  boxes  or  a  trough  on the rail, used for that

                                Hamose, Hamous

   Ha*mose"  (?),  Ha"mous  (?),[L.  hamus  hook.]  (Bot.) Having the end
   hooked or curved.


   Ham"per  (?),  n. [Contr. fr. hanaper.] A large basket, usually with a
   cover,  used for the packing and carrying of articles; as, a hamper of
   wine; a clothes hamper; an oyster hamper, which contains two bushels.


   Ham"per, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hampered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hampering.]
   To put in a hamper.


   Ham"per,  v. t. [OE. hamperen, hampren, prob. of the same origin as E.
   hamble.]  To  put  a  hamper  or fetter on; to shackle; to insnare; to
   inveigle;  hence,  to  impede  in motion or progress; to embarrass; to
   encumber. "Hampered nerves." Blackmore.

     A lion hampered in a net. L'Estrange.

     They hamper and entangle our souls. Tillotson.


   Ham"per, n. [See Hamper to shackle.]

   1. A shackle; a fetter; anything which impedes. W. Browne.

   2.  (Naut.)  Articles  ordinarily  indispensable,  but  in  the way at
   certain times. Ham. Nav. Encyc.
   Top hamper (Naut.), unnecessary spars and rigging kept aloft.


   Ham"shac`kle  (?),  v.  t. [Ham + shackle.] To fasten (an animal) by a
   rope  binding  the  head  to one of the fore legs; as, to hamshackle a
   horse or cow; hence, to bind or restrain; to curb.


   Ham"ster  (?),  n.  [G.  hamster.]  (Zo\'94l.) A small European rodent
   (Cricetus  frumentarius).  It is remarkable for having a pouch on each
   side of the jaw, under the skin, and for its migrations.<-- often kept
   as a pet -->


   Ham"string`  (?), n. (Anat.) One of the great tendons situated in each
   side  of  the  ham,  or space back of the knee, and connected with the
   muscles of the back of the thigh.


   Ham"string`,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Hamstrung;  p.  pr.  &  vb. n.
   Hamstringing.  See  String.] To lame or disable by cutting the tendons
   of  the  ham or knee; to hough; hence, to cripple; to incapacitate; to

     So  have  they  hamstrung  the  valor  of the subject by seeking to
     effeminate us all at home. Milton.


   Ham"u*lar (?), a. Hooked; hooklike; hamate; as, the hamular process of
   the sphenoid bone.


   Ham"u*late (?), a. Furnished with a small hook; hook-shaped. Gray.


   Ham"ule (?), n. [L. hamulus.] A little hook.


   Ham"u*lose"  (?),  a.  [L.  hamulus,  dim. of hamus a hook.] Bearing a
   small hook at the end. Gray.


   Ham"u*lus (?), n.; pl. Hamuli (. [L., a little hook.]

   1. (Anat.) A hook, or hooklike process.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A hooked barbicel of a feather.


   Han  (?),  contr.  inf. & plural pres. of Haven. To have; have. [Obs.]
   Piers Plowman.

     Him thanken all, and thus they han an end. Chaucer.


   Han"ap  (?),  n. [F. hanap. See Hanaper.] A rich goblet, esp. one used
   on state occasions. [Obs.]


   Han"a*per (?), n. [LL. hanaperium a large vase, fr. hanaus vase, bowl,
   cup (whence F. hanap); of German origin; cf. ONG. hnapf, G. napf, akin
   to  AS.  hn\'91p  cup,  bowl. Cf. Hamper, Nappy, n.] A kind of basket,
   usually  of  wickerwork,  and  adapted for the packing and carrying of
   articles;  a hamper. Hanaper office, an office of the English court of
   chancery  in  which  writs relating to the business of the public, and
   the  returns  to  them,  were  anciently  kept in a hanaper or hamper.


   Hance (?), v. t. [See Enhance.] To raise; to elevate. [Obs.] Lydgate.

                                 Hance, Hanch

   Hance (?), Hanch (?),[See Hanse.]

   1. (Arch.) See Hanse.

   2.  (Naut.)  A sudden fall or break, as the fall of the fife rail down
   to the gangway.


   Hand  (?),  n. [AS. hand, hond; akin to D., G., & Sw. hand, OHG. hant,
   Dan.  haand, Icel. h\'94nd, Goth. handus, and perh. to Goth. hinpan to
   seize (in comp.). Cf. Hunt.]

   1.  That  part  of the fore limb below the forearm or wrist in man and
   monkeys, and the corresponding part in many other animals; manus; paw.
   See Manus.

   2.  That  which resembles, or to some extent performs the office of, a
   human  hand; as: (a) A limb of certain animals, as the foot of a hawk,
   or  any  one  of  the  four  extremities  of a monkey. (b) An index or
   pointer on a dial; as, the hour or minute hand of a clock.

   3.  A  measure  equal  to  a  hand's  breadth, -- four inches; a palm.
   Chiefly used in measuring the height of horses.

   4. Side; part; direction, either right or left.

     On this hand and that hand, were hangings. Ex. xxxviii. 15.

     The Protestants were then on the winning hand. Milton.

   5.   Power   of  performance;  means  of  execution;  ability;  skill;

     He had a great mind to try his hand at a Spectator. Addison.

   6.  Actual  performance; deed; act; workmanship; agency; hence, manner
   of performance.

     To change the hand in carrying on the war. Clarendon.

     Gideon  said  unto God, If thou wilt save Israel by my hand. Judges
     vi. 36.

   7.  An  agent;  a servant, or laborer; a workman, trained or competent
   for  special service or duty; a performer more or less skillful; as, a
   deck hand; a farm hand; an old hand at speaking.

     A  dictionary containing a natural history requires too many hands,
     as well as too much time, ever to be hoped for. Locke.

     I was always reckoned a lively hand at a simile. Hazlitt.

   8.  Handwriting; style of penmanship; as, a good, bad or running hand.
   Hence, a signature.

     I  say  she never did invent this letter; This is a man's invention
     and his hand. Shak.

     Some writs require a judge's hand. Burril.

   9.   Personal   possession;   ownership;  hence,  control;  direction;
   management;  --  usually  in the plural. "Receiving in hand one year's
   tribute." Knolles.

     Albinus  .  .  .  found means to keep in his hands the goverment of
     Britain. Milton.

   10.  Agency  in transmission from one person to another; as, to buy at
   first  hand,  that is, from the producer, or when new; at second hand,
   that is, when no longer in the producer's hand, or when not new.

   11.  Rate;  price.  [Obs.]  "Business  is bought at a dear hand, where
   there is small dispatch." Bacon.

   12.  That  which  is, or may be, held in a hand at once; as: (a) (Card
   Playing)  The  quota  of  cards received from the dealer. (b) (Tobacco
   Manuf.) A bundle of tobacco leaves tied together.

   13.  (Firearms)  The  small part of a gunstock near the lock, which is
   grasped by the hand in taking aim.

     NOTE: &hand; Ha nd is used figuratively for a large variety of acts
     or  things, in the doing, or making, or use of which the hand is in
     some way employed or concerned; also, as a symbol to denote various
     qualities  or  conditions, as: (a) Activity; operation; work; -- in
     distinction  from  the  head, which implies thought, and the heart,
     which implies affection. "His hand will be against every man." Gen.
     xvi.  12.(b)  Power;  might; supremacy; -- often in the Scriptures.
     "With  a  mighty hand . . . will I rule over you." Ezek. xx. 33.(c)
     Fraternal  feeling;  as,  to  give,  or take, the hand; to give the
     right  hand.  (d) Contract; -- commonly of marriage; as, to ask the
     hand; to pledge the hand.

     NOTE: &hand; Ha nd is  often used adjectively or in compounds (with
     or  without the hyphen), signifying performed by the hand; as, hand
     blow  or  hand-blow, hand gripe or hand-gripe: used by, or designed
     for,  the  hand;  as, hand ball or handball, hand bow, hand fetter,
     hand grenade or hand-grenade, handgun or hand gun, handloom or hand
     loom,  handmill  or  hand  organ or handorgan, handsaw or hand saw,
     hand-weapon:  measured or regulated by the hand; as, handbreadth or
     hand's  breadth,  hand  gallop or hand-gallop. Most of the words in
     the  following  paragraph  are  written  either  as two words or in

   Hand  bag, a satchel; a small bag for carrying books, papers, parcels,
   etc. -- Hand basket, a small or portable basket. -- Hand bell, a small
   bell  rung  by  the  hand;  a table bell. Bacon. -- Hand bill, a small
   pruning  hook.  See  4th  Bill.  --  Hand  car. See under Car. -- Hand
   director  (Mus.),  an  instrument to aid in forming a good position of
   the  hands  and  arms when playing on the piano; a hand guide. -- Hand
   drop.  See  Wrist drop. -- Hand gallop. See under Gallop. -- Hand gear
   (Mach.), apparatus by means of which a machine, or parts of a machine,
   usually  operated  by  other  power,  may be operated by hand. -- Hand
   glass.  (a)  A  glass  or  small  glazed  frame, for the protection of
   plants.  (b) A small mirror with a handle. -- Hand guide. Same as Hand
   director  (above).  --  Hand  language,  the  art of conversing by the
   hands,  esp.  as  practiced by the deaf and dumb; dactylology. -- Hand
   lathe.  See  under  Lathe. -- Hand money, money paid in hand to bind a
   contract;  earnest  money.  --  Hand  organ  (Mus.),  a  barrel organ,
   operated by a crank turned by hand. -- Hand plant. (Bot.) Same as Hand
   tree  (below).  --  Hand  rail,  a rail, as in staircases, to hold by.
   Gwilt.  --  Hand  sail,  a sail managed by the hand. Sir W. Temple. --
   Hand  screen,  a small screen to be held in the hand. -- Hand screw, a
   small  jack  for  raising  heavy  timbers  or weights; (Carp.) a screw
   clamp.  -- Hand staff (pl. Hand staves), a javelin. Ezek. xxxix. 9. --
   Hand stamp, a small stamp for dating, addressing, or canceling papers,
   envelopes,  etc.  --  Hand  tree  (Bot.), a lofty tree found in Mexico
   (Cheirostemon  platanoides), having red flowers whose stamens unite in
   the  form  of  a  hand. -- Hand vise, a small vise held in the hand in
   doing small work. Moxon. -- Hand work, OR Handwork, work done with the
   hands, as distinguished from work done by a machine; handiwork. -- All
   hands,  everybody;  all parties. -- At all hands, On all hands, on all
   sides; from every direction; generally. -- At any hand, At no hand, in
   any  (or  no)  way  or  direction; on any account; on no account. "And
   therefore  at  no  hand  consisting  with  the safety and interests of
   humility."  Jer. Taylor. -- At first hand, At second hand. See def. 10
   (above).  --  At  hand.  (a) Near in time or place; either present and
   within reach, or not far distant. "Your husband is at hand; I hear his
   trumpet."  Shak.  (b)  Under the hand or bridle. [Obs.] "Horses hot at
   hand."  Shak. -- At the hand of, by the act of; as a gift from. "Shall
   we receive good at the hand of God and shall we not receive evil?" Job
   ii.  10. -- Bridle hand. See under Bridle. -- By hand, with the hands,
   in distinction from instrumentality of tools, engines, or animals; as,
   to  weed  a  garden by hand; to lift, draw, or carry by hand. -- Clean
   hands,  freedom from guilt, esp. from the guilt of dishonesty in money
   matters,  or  of  bribe  taking.  "He  that  hath clean hands shall be
   stronger  and  stronger."  Job xvii. 9. -- From hand to hand, from one
   person  to  another.  --  Hand  in  hand.  (a)  In  union; conjointly;
   unitedly. Swift. (b) Just; fair; equitable.

     As fair and as good, a kind of hand in hand comparison. Shak.

   --  Hand  over  hand, Hand over fist, by passing the hands alternately
   one  before  or  above  another;  as,  to  climb hand over hand; also,
   rapidly;  as,  to  come  up  with a chase hand over hand. -- Hand over
   head, negligently; rashly; without seeing what one does. [Obs.] Bacon.
   --  Hand running, consecutively; as, he won ten times hand running. --
   Hand  off!  keep off! forbear! no interference or meddling! -- Hand to
   hand,  in  close  union;  in  close fight; as, a hand to hand contest.
   Dryden.  --  Heavy  hand, severity or oppression. -- In hand. (a) Paid
   down.  "A  considerable reward in hand, and . . . a far greater reward
   hereafter."  Tillotson.  (b)  In  preparation;  taking place. Chaucer.
   "Revels  .  .  .  in  hand."  Shak. (c) Under consideration, or in the
   course  of  transaction;  as, he has the business in hand. -- In one's
   hand  OR hands. (a) In one's possession or keeping. (b) At one's risk,
   or peril; as, I took my life in my hand. -- Laying on of hands, a form
   used  in  consecrating  to office, in the rite of confirmation, and in
   blessing  persons.  --  Light hand, gentleness; moderation. -- Note of
   hand,  a promissory note. -- Off hand, Out of hand, forthwith; without
   delay,  hesitation,  or  difficulty; promptly. "She causeth them to be
   hanged  up  out  of  hand."  Spenser. -- Off one's hands, out of one's
   possession  or  care.  -- On hand, in present possession; as, he has a
   supply  of goods on hand. -- On one's hands, in one's possession care,
   or  management. -- Putting the hand under the thigh, an ancient Jewish
   ceremony  used  in swearing. -- Right hand, the place of honor, power,
   and  strength.  --  Slack  hand, idleness; carelessness; inefficiency;
   sloth.  --  Strict hand, severe discipline; rigorous government. -- To
   bear  a  hand  (Naut),  to give help quickly; to hasten. -- To bear in
   hand,  to keep in expectation with false pretenses. [Obs.] Shak. -- To
   be  hand and glove, OR in glove with. See under Glove. -- To be on the
   mending hand, to be convalescent or improving. -- To bring up by hand,
   to  feed  (an  infant)  without  suckling  it.  -- To change hand. See
   Change.  --  To  change  hands,  to  change  sides,  or change owners.
   Hudibras.  --  To  clap  the  hands, to express joy or applause, as by
   striking  the  palms  of the hands together. -- To come to hand, to be
   received;  to  be  taken  into possession; as, the letter came to hand
   yesterday. -- To get hand, to gain influence. [Obs.]

     Appetites have . . . got such a hand over them. Baxter.

   --  To  got  one's  hand in, to make a beginning in a certain work; to
   become  accustomed  to a particular business. -- To have a hand in, to
   be concerned in; to have a part or concern in doing; to have an agency
   or  be  employed in. -- To have in hand. (a) To have in one's power or
   control.  Chaucer. (b) To be engaged upon or occupied with. -- To have
   one's hands full, to have in hand al that one can do, or more than can
   be  done  conveniently; to be pressed with labor or engagements; to be
   surrounded  with  difficulties. -- To have, OR get, the (higher) upper
   hand,  to  have,  or get, the better of another person or thing. -- To
   his  hand, To my hand, etc., in readiness; already prepared. "The work
   is made to his hands." Locke. -- To hold hand, to compete successfully
   or  on  even conditions. [Obs.] Shak. -- To lay hands on, to seize; to
   assault.  --  To  lend  a hand, to give assistance. -- To lift, OR put
   forth,  the  hand  against,  to attack; to oppose; to kill. -- To live
   from  hand  to  mouth,  to  obtain  food and other necessaries as want
   compels,  without  previous  provision. -- To make one's hand, to gain
   advantage or profit. -- To put the hand unto, to steal. Ex. xxii. 8.--
   To  put  the last, OR finishing, hand to, to make the last corrections
   in;  to  complete; to perfect. -- To set the hand to, to engage in; to

     That the Lord thy God may bless thee in all that thou settest thine
     hand to. Deut. xxiii. 20.

   -- To stand one in hand, to concern or affect one. -- To strike hands,
   to  make  a  contract,  or to become surety for another's debt or good
   behavior.  --  To  take  in  hand. (a) To attempt or undertake. (b) To
   seize and deal with; as, he took him in hand. -- To wash the hands of,
   to  disclaim  or renounce interest in, or responsibility for, a person
   or  action; as, to wash one's hands of a business. Matt. xxvii. 24. --
   Under  the  hand of, authenticated by the handwriting or signature of;
   as, the deed is executed under the hand and seal of the owner.


   Hand (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Handed; p. pr. & vb. n. Handing.]

   1.  To  give,  pass, or transmit with the hand; as, he handed them the

   2.  To lead, guide, or assist with the hand; to conduct; as, to hand a
   lady into a carriage.

   3. To manage; as, I hand my oar. [Obs.] Prior.

   4. To seize; to lay hands on. [Obs.] Shak.

   5. To pledge by the hand; to handfast. [R.]

   6. (Naut.) To furl; -- said of a sail. Totten.
   To  hand  down,  to  transmit in succession, as from father to son, or
   from  predecessor to successor; as, fables are handed down from age to
   age;  to  forward  to  the  proper  officer  (the decision of a higher
   court);  as,  the  Clerk  of  the  Court  of  Appeals  handed down its
   decision.  --  To  hand  over,  to  yield control of; to surrender; to
   deliver up. 


   Hand, v. i. To co\'94perate. [Obs.] Massinger.


   Hand"bar"row  (?),  n.  A frame or barrow, without a wheel, carried by


   Hand"bill` (?), n.

   1. A loose, printed sheet, to be distributed by hand.

   2. A pruning hook. [Usually written hand bill.]


   Hand"book`  (?),  n.  [Hand  + book; cf. AS. handb, or G. handbuch.] A
   book of reference, to be carried in the hand; a manual; a guidebook.


   Hand"breadth`  (?),  n.  A  space  equal to the breadth of the hand; a
   palm. Ex. xxxvii. 12.


   Hand"cart`, n. A cart drawn or pushed by hand.


   Hand"cloth` (?; 115), n. A handkerchief.


   Hand"craft` (?), n. Same as Handicraft.


   Hand"crafts`man (?), n.; pl. -men (. A handicraftsman.


   Hand"cuff`  (?), n. [AS. handcops; hand hand + cosp, cops, fetter. The
   second part was confused with E. cuffs,] A fastening, consisting of an
   iron  ring  around the wrist, usually connected by a chain with one on
   the other wrist; a manacle; -- usually in the plural.

   Page 668


   Hand"cuff`  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Handcuffed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Handcuffing.] To apply handcuffs to; to manacle. Hay (1754).


   Hand"ed, a.

   1. With hands joined; hand in hand.

     Into their inmost bower, Handed they went. Milton.

   2. Having a peculiar or characteristic hand.

     As poisonous tongued as handed. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Ha nded is  used in composition in the sense of having
     (such   or   so   many)   hands;  as,  bloody-handed;  free-handed;
     heavy-handed; left-handed; single-handed.


   Hand"er  (?),  n.  One  who  hands  over  or  transmits; a conveyer in
   succession. Dryden.


   Hand"fast` (?), n.

   1. Hold; grasp; custody; power of confining or keeping. [Obs.] Shak.

   2. Contract; specifically, espousal. [Obs.]


   Hand"fast`,  a.  Fast  by contract; betrothed by joining hands. [Obs.]


   Hand"fast`,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Handfasted;  p.  pr.  &  vb. n.
   Handfasting.]  To  pledge;  to  bind;  to betroth by joining hands, in
   order  to  cohabitation, before the celebration of marriage. [Obs.]<--
   ##?? to allow cohabitation? -->


   Hand"fast`,  n.  [G.  handfest;  hand  hand  + fest strong. See Fast.]
   Strong; steadfast.[R.] Carlyle.


   Hand"fast`ly,  adv.  In  a handfast or publicly pledged manner. [Obs.]


   Hand"fish` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The frogfish.


   Hand"ful (?), n.; pl. Hand flus (#). [AS. handfull.]

   1. As much as the hand will grasp or contain. Addison.

   2. A hand's breadth; four inches. [Obs.]

     Knap the tongs together about a handful from the bottom. Bacon.

   3. A small quantity.

     This handful of men were tied to very hard duty. Fuller.

   To  have  one's handful, to have one's hands full; to have all one can
   do. [Obs.]

     They  had  their  handful to defend themselves from firing. Sir. W.


   Hand"-hole  (?),  n.  (Steam Boilers) A small hole in a boiler for the
   insertion  of the hand in cleaning, etc. Hand-hole plate, the cover of
   a hand-hole.


   Hand"i*cap  (?), n. [From hand in cap; -- perh. in reference to an old
   mode of setting a bargain by taking pieces of money from a cap.]

   1.  An  allowance of a certain amount of time or distance in starting,
   granted in a race to the competitor possessing inferior advantages; or
   an   additional  weight  or  other  hindrance  imposed  upon  the  one
   possessing  superior  advantages,  in  order  to  equalize, as much as
   possible,  the  chances of success; as, the handicap was five seconds,
   or ten pounds, and the like.

   2.  A race, for horses or men, or any contest of agility, strength, or
   skill,  in  which  there is an allowance of time, distance, weight, or
   other advantage, to equalize the chances of the competitors.

   3. An old game at cards. [Obs.] Pepys.


   Hand"i*cap,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Handicapped (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Handicapping.]  To  encumber with a handicap in any contest; hence, in
   general,  to  place  at  disadvantage;  as,  the candidate was heavily


   Hand"i*cap`per  (?),  n.  One  who  determines  the  conditions  of  a


   Hand"i*craft  (?),  n.  [For  handcraft,  influenced by handiwork; AS.

   1.  A  trade  requiring  skill  of hand; manual occupation; handcraft.

   2.  A  man  who earns his living by handicraft; a handicraftsman. [R.]


   Hand"i-crafts`man  (?),  n.;  pl. -men (. A man skilled or employed in
   handcraft. Bacon.


   Hand"i*ly  (?),  adv.  [See  Handy.]  In  a  handy manner; skillfully;


   Hand"i*ness, n. The quality or state of being handy.


   Hand"i`ron (?), n. See Andrion. [Obs.]


   Hand"i*work`  (?),  n.  [OE.  handiwerc,  AS. handgeweorc; hand hand +
   geweorc  work;  prefix ge- + weorc. See Work.] Work done by the hands;
   hence, any work done personally.

     The firmament showeth his handiwork. Ps. xix. 1.


   Hand"ker*cher  (?),  n.  A  handkerchief.  [Obs.  or  Colloq.] Chapman
   (1654). Shak.


   Hand"ker*chief (h&acr;n"k&etil;r*ch&icr;f; 277), n. [Hand + kerchief.]

   1.  A  piece  of  cloth,  usually  square  and often fine and elegant,
   carried for wiping the face or hands.

   2.  A  piece  of cloth shaped like a handkerchief to be worn about the
   neck; a neckerchief; a neckcloth.


   Han"dle (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Handled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Handling
   .]  [OE.  handlen,  AS.  handian;  akin  to  D.  handelen to trade, G.
   handeln. See Hand.]

   1. To touch; to feel with the hand; to use or hold with the hand.

     Handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh. Luke xxiv. 39.

     About his altar, handling holy things. Milton.

   2.  To  manage  in  using, as a spade or a musket; to wield; often, to
   manage skillfully.

     That fellow handles his bow like a crowkeeper. Shak.

   3.  To  accustom  to the hand; to work upon, or take care of, with the

     The hardness of the winters forces the breeders to house and handle
     their colts six months every year. Sir W. Temple.

   4.  To  receive and transfer; to have pass through one's hands; hence,
   to buy and sell; as, a merchant handles a variety of goods, or a large

   5. To deal with; to make a business of.

     They that handle the law knew me not. Jer. ii. 8.

   6. To treat; to use, well or ill.

     How wert thou handled being prisoner. Shak.

   7. To manage; to control; to practice skill upon.

     You shall see how I will handle her. Shak.

   8.  To  use or manage in writing or speaking; to treat, as a theme, an
   argument, or an objection.

     We will handle what persons are apt to envy others. Bacon.

   To handle without gloves. See under Glove. [Colloq.]


   Han"dle (?), v. i. To use the hands.

     They have hands, but they handle not. Ps. cxv. 7.


   Han"dle, n. [AS. handle. See Hand.]

   1.  That part of vessels, instruments, etc., which is held in the hand
   when  used  or  moved, as the haft of a sword, the knob of a door, the
   bail of a kettle, etc.

   2.  That of which use is made; the instrument for effecting a purpose;
   a tool. South.
   To give a handle, to furnish an occasion or means.


   Han"dle*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being handled.


   Hand"less (?), a. Without a hand. Shak.


   Han"dling (?), n. [AS. handlung.]

   1.  A  touching,  controlling, managing, using, etc., with the hand or
   hands, or as with the hands. See Handle, v. t.

     The  heavens  and  your  fair  handling Have made you master of the
     field this day. Spenser.

   2.  (Drawing,  Painting,  etc.) The mode of using the pencil or brush,
   etc.; style of touch. Fairholt.


   Hand"made" (?), a. Manufactured by hand; as, handmade shoes.

                             Handmaid, Handmaiden

   Hand"maid"  (?),  Hand"maiden  (?),  n.  A  maid that waits at hand; a
   female servant or attendant.


   Hand"saw` (#) n. A saw used with one hand.


   Hand"sel  (?), n. [Written also hansel.] [OE. handsal, hansal, hansel,
   AS.  handsa  giving  into hands, or more prob. fr. Icel. handsal; hand
   hand  +  sal  sale,  bargain; akin to AS. sellan to give, deliver. See
   Sell, Sale. ]

   1.  A  sale, gift, or delivery into the hand of another; especially, a
   sale,  gift,  delivery,  or  using which is the first of a series, and
   regarded  as on omen for the rest; a first installment; an earnest; as
   the  first  money  received  for the sale of goods in the morning, the
   first  money taken at a shop newly opened, the first present sent to a
   young woman on her wedding day, etc.

     Their first good handsel of breath in this world. Fuller.

     Our  present  tears  here,  not  our  present laughter, Are but the
     handsels of our joys hereafter. Herrick.

   2. Price; payment. [Obs.] Spenser.
   Handsel  Monday,  the  first  Monday of the new year, when handsels or
   presents are given to servants, children, etc.
   Hand"sel,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Handseled OR Handseled (; p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Handseling OR Handselling.] [Written also hansel.] [OE handsellen,
   hansellen;cf. Isel. hadsala, handselja. See Handsel, n.]
   1. To give a handsel to.
   2.  To  use  or do for the first time, esp. so as to make fortunate or
   unfortunate; to try experimentally.

     No  contrivance  of  our  body, but some good man in Scripture hath
     handseled it with prayer. Fuller.


   Hand"some  (?;  277),  a. [Compar. Handsomer (?); superl. Handsomest.]
   [Hand  +  -some.  It  at  first  meant,  dexterous;  cf.  D.  handzaam
   dexterous, ready, limber, manageable, and E. handy.]

   1. Dexterous; skillful; handy; ready; convenient; -- applied to things
   as persons. [Obs.]

     That  they [engines of war] be both easy to be carried and handsome
     to be moved and turned about. Robynson (Utopia).

     For  a thief it is so handsome as it may seem it was first invented
     for him. Spenser.

   2.  Agreeable  to  the  eye  or  to  correct  taste; having a pleasing
   appearance  or  expression;  attractive;  having symmetry and dignity;
   comely; -- expressing more than pretty, and less than beautiful; as, a
   handsome man or woman; a handsome garment, house, tree, horse.<-- MW10
   treats it as synonymous with beautiful in this sense. -->

   3.  Suitable  or  fit  in  action;  marked  with  propriety  and ease;
   graceful; becoming; appropriate; as, a handsome style, etc.

     Easiness and handsome address in writing. Felton.

   4.  Evincing a becoming generosity or nobleness of character; liberal;

     Handsome is as handsome does. Old Proverb.

   5. Ample; moderately large.

     He . . . accumulated a handsome sum of money. V. Knox.

   To  do  the  handsome  thing,  to  act  liberally.  [Colloq.]  Syn. --
   Handsome,  Pretty. Pretty applies to things comparatively small, which
   please  by  their  delicacy  and  grace;  as,  a pretty girl, a pretty
   flower,  a  pretty  cottage.  Handsome rises higher, and is applied to
   objects  on a larger scale. We admire what is handsome, we are pleased
   with  what  is  pretty.  The word is connected with hand, and has thus
   acquired  the idea of training, cultivation, symmetry, and proportion,
   which  enters so largely into our conception of handsome. Thus Drayton
   makes  mention  of  handsome  players,  meaning  those,  who  are well
   trained;  and  hence  we  speak  of a man's having a handsome address,
   which  is  the  result  of  culture; of a handsome horse or dog, which
   implies  well  proportioned limbs; of a handsome face, to which, among
   other  qualities,  the  idea  of proportion and a graceful contour are
   essential; of a handsome tree, and a handsome house or villa. So, from
   this  idea  of  proportion  or suitableness, we have, with a different
   application, the expressions, a handsome fortune, a handsome offer.


   Had"some, v. t. To render handsome. [Obs.] Donne


   Hand"some*ly, adv.

   1. In a handsome manner.

   2. (Naut.) Carefully; in shipshape style.


   Hand"some*ness, n. The quality of being handsome.

     Handsomeness  is  the  mere  animal  excellence,  beauty  the  mere
     imaginative. Hare.


   Hand"spike`  (?),  n.  A  bar  or  lever, generally of wood, used in a
   windlass  or  capstan, for heaving anchor, and, in modified forms, for
   various purposes.


   Hand"spring`  (?),  n.  A  somersault  made with the assistance of the
   hands placed upon the ground.


   Hand"-tight`  (?),  a.  (Naut.)  As  tight as can be made by the hand.


   Hand"wheel`  (?),  n.  (Mach.) Any wheel worked by hand; esp., one the
   rim  of  which  serves  as  the handle by which a valve, car brake, or
   other part is adjusted.


   Hand"-winged`  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Having wings that are like hands in
   the  structure  and  arrangement  of their bones; -- said of bats. See


   Hand"writ`ing (?), n.

   1.  The  cast  or  form  of  writing  peculiar to each hand or person;

   2. That which is written by hand; manuscript.
   The  handwriting  on the wall, a doom pronounced; an omen of disaster.
   Dan. v. 5.


   Hand"y  (?),  a.  [Compar. Handier (?); superl. Handiest.] [OE. hendi,
   AS. hendig (in comp.), fr. hand hand; akin to D. handig, Goth. handugs
   clever, wise.]

   1. Performed by the hand. [Obs.]

     To draw up and come to handy strokes. Milton.

   2.  Skillful  in  using  the  hand; dexterous; ready; adroit. "Each is
   handy in his way." Dryden.

   3.  Ready  to  the  hand;  near;  also, suited to the use of the hand;
   convenient;  valuable  for reference or use; as, my tools are handy; a
   handy volume.

   4. (Naut.) Easily managed; obedient to the helm; -- said of a vessel.


   Handy"y-dan`dy  (?),  n.  A  child's play, one child guessing in which
   closed  hand  the other holds some small object, winning the object if
   right  and  forfeiting  an  equivalent if wrong; hence, forfeit. Piers


   Hand"y*fight`  (?),  n.  A fight with the hands; boxing. "Pollux loves
   handyfights." B. Jonson.


   Hand"y*gripe`  (?),  n. Seizure by, or grasp of, the hand; also, close
   quarters in fighting. Hudibras.


   Hand"y*stroke` (?), n. A blow with the hand.


   Hand"-work` (?), n. See Handiwork.


   Hang  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hanged (h?ngd) OR Hung (; p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Hanging.  The  use  of  hanged is preferable to that of hung, when
   reference  is  had to death or execution by suspension, and it is also
   more  common.]  [OE.  hangen, hangien, v. t. & i., AS. hangian, v. i.,
   fr.  h,  v.  t.  (imp. heng, p. p. hongen); akin to OS. hang, v. i. D.
   hangen,  v.  t. & i., G. hangen, v. i, h\'84ngen, v. t, Isel hanga, v.
   i.,  Goth.  h\'behan,  v.  t.  (imp. ha\'a1hah), h\'behan, v. i. (imp.
   hahaida), and perh. to L. cunctari to delay. &root;37. ]

   1.  To  suspend; to fasten to some elevated point without support from
   below;  -- often used with up or out; as, to hang a coat on a hook; to
   hang up a sign; to hang out a banner.

   2.  To  fasten  in  a  manner which will allow of free motion upon the
   point or points of suspension; -- said of a pendulum, a swing, a door,
   gate, etc.

   3.  To fit properly, as at a proper angle (a part of an implement that
   is  swung  in using), as a scythe to its snath, or an ax to its helve.
   [U. S.]

   4.  To  put  to  death by suspending by the neck; -- a form of capital
   punishment; as, to hang a murderer.

   5.  To  cover,  decorate,  or  furnish  by  hanging pictures trophies,
   drapery,  and the like, or by covering with paper hangings; -- said of
   a wall, a room, etc.

     Hung be the heavens with black. Shak.

     And hung thy holy roofs with savage spoils. Dryden.

   6. To paste, as paper hangings, on the walls of a room.

   7.  To  hold  or  bear  in  a suspended or inclined manner or position
   instead of erect; to droop; as, he hung his head in shame.

     Cowslips wan that hang the pensive head. Milton.

   To  hang down, to let fall below the proper position; to bend down; to
   decline;  as,  to  hang  down  the head, or, elliptically, to hang the
   head. -- To hang fire (Mil.), to be slow in communicating fire through
   the vent to the charge; as, the gun hangs fire; hence, to hesitate, to
   hold back as if in suspense.
   Hand, v. i.
   1.  To be suspended or fastened to some elevated point without support
   from below; to dangle; to float; to rest; to remain; to stay.
   2.  To  be fastened in such a manner as to allow of free motion on the
   point or points of suspension.

   3.  To  die  or be put to death by suspension from the neck. [R.] "Sir
   Balaam hangs." Pope.

   4.  To  hold  for  support; to depend; to cling; -- usually with on or
   upon;  as, this question hangs on a single point. "Two infants hanging
   on her neck." Peacham.

   5. To be, or be like, a suspended weight.

     Life hangs upon me, and becomes a burden. Addison.

   6. To hover; to impend; to appear threateningly; -- usually with over;
   as, evils hang over the country.

   7. To lean or incline; to incline downward.

     To decide which way hung the victory. Milton.

     His neck obliquely o'er his shoulder hung. Pope.

   8. To slope down; as, hanging grounds.

   9.  To  be undetermined or uncertain; to be in suspense; to linger; to
   be delayed.

     A  noble  stroke  he lifted high, Which hung not, but so swift with
     tempest fell On the proud crest of Satan. Milton.

   To hang around, to loiter idly about. -- To hang back, to hesitate; to
   falter;  to  be  reluctant.  "If any one among you hangs back." Jowett
   (Thucyd.).  --  To  hang  by the eyelids. (a) To hang by a very slight
   hold  or  tenure.  (b)  To  be  in an unfinished condition; to be left
   incomplete.  --  To  hang  in  doubt, to be in suspense. -- To hang on
   (with the emphasis on the preposition), to keep hold; to hold fast; to
   stick;  to be persistent, as a disease. -- To hang on the lips, words,
   etc.,  to  be charmed by eloquence. -- To hang out. (a) To be hung out
   so  as  to  be  displayed;  to  project. (b) To be unyielding; as, the
   juryman hangs out against an agreement. [Colloq.]<-- =hold out?--> (c)
   to  lounge  around a particular place; as, teenageers tend to hang out
   at  the mall these days--> -- To hang over. (a) To project at the top.
   (b)  To impend over. -- To hang to, to cling. -- To hang together. (a)
   To  remain united; to stand by one another. "We are all of a piece; we
   hang  together." Dryden. (b) To be self-consistent; as, the story does
   not  hang  together.  [Colloq.]  --  To  hang upon. (a) To regard with
   passionate affection. (b) (Mil.) To hover around; as, to hang upon the
   flanks of a retreating enemy.
   Hang, n. 

   1.  The  manner in which one part or thing hangs upon, or is connected
   with, another; as, the hang of a scythe.

   2.  Connection;  arrangement;  plan;  as,  the  hang  of  a discourse.

   Page 669

   3. A sharp or steep declivity or slope. [Colloq.]
   To  get  the hang of, to learn the method or arrangement of; hence, to
   become accustomed to. [Colloq.]


   Hang"bird`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l) The Baltimore oriole (Icterus galbula);
   --  so  called  because its nest is suspended from the limb of a tree.
   See Baltimore oriole.


   Hang"-by`  (?),  n.;  pl. Hang-bies (. A dependent; a hanger-on; -- so
   called in contempt. B. Jonson.


   Hag"dog` (?), n. A base, degraded person; a sneak; a gallows bird.


   Hang"dog`, Low; sneaking; ashamed.

     The  poor  colonel  went  out  of  the  room  with  a hangdog look.


   Hang"er (?), n.

   1. One who hangs, or causes to be hanged; a hangman.

   2. That by which a thing is suspended. Especially: (a) A strap hung to
   the  girdle,  by  which  a dagger or sword is suspended. (b) (Mach.) A
   part  that  suspends a journal box in which shafting runs. See Illust.
   of Countershaft. (c) A bridle iron.<-- (d) clothes hanger -->

   3.  That  which  hangs  or  is suspended, as a sword worn at the side;
   especially, in the 18th century, a short, curved sword.

   4. A steep, wooded declivity. [Eng.] Gilbert White.


   Hang"er-on` (?), n.; pl. Hangers-on (. One who hangs on, or sticks to,
   a  person,  place, or service; a dependent; one who adheres to others'
   society longer than he is wanted. Goldsmith.


   Hang"ing, a.

   1.  Requiring,  deserving,  or foreboding death by the halter. "What a
   hanging face!" Dryden.

   2. Suspended from above; pendent; as, hanging shelves.

   3.  Adapted for sustaining a hanging object; as, the hanging post of a
   gate, the post which holds the hinges.
   Hanging compass, a compass suspended so that the card may be read from
   beneath.  --  Hanging  garden,  a  garden  sustained  at an artificial
   elevation  by  any  means,  as  by the terraces at Babylon. -- Hanging
   indentation. See under Indentation. -- Hanging rail (Arch.), that rail
   of  a  door  or casement to which hinges are attached. -- Hanging side
   (Mining),  the  overhanging  side  of  an  inclined or hading vein. --
   Hanging  sleeves.  (a)  Strips  of the same stuff as the gown, hanging
   down  the  back  from  the  shoulders.  (b) Loose, flowing sleeves. --
   Hanging  stile.  (Arch.)  (a) That stile of a door to which hinges are
   secured.  (b)  That  upright  of a window frame to which casements are
   hinged,  or  in  which  the  pulleys for sash windows are fastened. --
   Hanging  wall (Mining), the upper wall of inclined vein, or that which
   hangs over the miner's head when working in the vein.


   Hang"ing, n.

   1. The act of suspending anything; the state of being suspended.

   2. Death by suspension; execution by a halter.

   3. That which is hung as lining or drapery for the walls of a room, as
   tapestry,  paper, etc., or to cover or drape a door or window; -- used
   chiefly in the plural.

     Nor purple hangings clothe the palace walls. Dryden.


   Hang"man  (?),  n.;  pl. Hangmen( One who hangs another; esp., one who
   makes  a  business of hanging; a public executioner; -- sometimes used
   as a term of reproach, without reference to office. Shak.


   Hang"man*ship, n.. The office or character of a hangman.


   Hang"nail`  (?),  n. [A corruption of agnail.] A small piece or silver
   of skin which hangs loose, near the root of finger nail. Holloway.


   Hang"nest` (?), n.

   1. A nest that hangs like a bag or pocket.

   2. A bird which builds such a nest; a hangbird.


   Hank  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Dan.  hank handle, Sw. hank a band or tie, Icel.
   hanki hasp, clasp, h\'94nk, hangr, hank, coil, skein, G. henkel, henk,
   handle; ar prob. akin to E. hang. See Hang.]

   1.  A  parcel  consisting of two or more skeins of yarn or thread tied

   2. A rope or withe for fastening a gate. [Prov. Eng.]

   3. Hold; influence.

     When the devil hath got such a hank over him. Bp. Sanderson.

   4.  (Naut.) A ring or eye of rope, wood, or iron, attached to the edge
   of a sail and running on a stay.


   Hank, v. t.

   1.  [OE.  hanken.]  To  fasten  with  a  rope, as a gate. [Prov. Eng.]

   2. To form into hanks.


   Han"ker  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Hankered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hankering.] [Prob. fr. hang; cf. D. hunkeren, hengelen.]

   1.  To  long  (for)  with  a  keen  appetite and uneasiness; to have a
   vehement  desire;  --  usually  with for or after; as, to hanker after
   fruit; to hanker after the diversions of the town. Addison.

     He was hankering to join his friend. J. A. Symonds.

   2. To linger in expectation or with desire. Thackeray.


   Han"ker*ing*ly, adv. In a hankering manner.


   Han"key-pan"key  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Hocus-pocus.]  Professional cant; the
   chatter  of  conjurers  to  divert attention from their tricks; hence,
   jugglery. [Colloq.]


   Han`o*ve"ri*an  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to Hanover or its people, or
   to the House of Hanover in England.


   Han`o*ve"ri*an,  n. A native or naturalized inhabitant of Hanover; one
   of the House of Hanover.

                                    Han sa

   Han" sa (?), n. See 2d Hanse.


   Han"sard  (?),  n.  An  official  report of proceedings in the British
   Parliament; -- so called from the name of the publishers.


   Han"sard,  n. A merchant of one of the Hanse towns. See the Note under
   2d Hanse.


   Hanse  (?), n. [Cf. F. anse handle, anse de panier surbased arch, flat
   arch, vault, and E. haunch hip.] (Arch.) That part of an elliptical or
   many-centered  arch  which  has  the  shorter  radius  and immediately
   adjoins the impost.


   Hanse,  n.  [G.  hanse, or F. hanse (from German), OHG. & Goth. hansa;
   akin  to  AS. h band, troop.] An association; a league or confederacy.
   Hanse  towns  (Hist.),  certain  commercial  cities  in  Germany which
   associated  themselves  for  the  protection  and  enlarging  of their
   commerce.  The  confederacy,  called  also Hansa and Hanseatic league,
   held  its  first  diet  in  1260,  and  was maintained for nearly four
   hundred  years.  At  one time the league comprised eighty-five cities.
   Its remnants, L\'81beck, Hamburg, and Bremen, are free cities, and are
   still frequently called Hanse towns.
   Han`se*at"ic  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to  the  Hanse  towns, or to their
   confederacy. Hanseatic league. See under 2d Hanse.


   Han"sel (?), n. & v. See Handsel.


   Han"sel*ines (?), n. A sort of breeches. [Obs..] Chaucer.

                            Hansom, n., Hansom cab

   Han"som  (?),  n.,  Han"som cab` (. [From the name of the inventor.] A
   light,  low,  two-wheeled  covered  carriage  with  the  driver's seat
   elevated behind, the reins being passed over the top.

     He  hailed  a  cruising hansom . . . " 'Tis the gondola of London,"
     said Lothair. Beaconsfield.


   Han't  (?).  A contraction of have not, or has not, used in illiterate
   speech. In the United States the commoner spelling is hain't.


   Han"u*man (?), n. See Hoonoomaun.


   Hap (?), v. t. [OE.happen.] To clothe; to wrap.

     The surgeon happed her up carefully. Dr. J. Brown.


   Hap, n. [Cf. Hap to clothe.] A cloak or plaid. [O. Eng. & Scot.]


   Hap,  n. [Icel. happ unexpected good luck. That which happens or comes
   suddenly  or  unexpectedly;  also,  the manner of occurrence or taking
   place;  chance;  fortune;  accident;  casual  event;  fate; luck; lot.

     Whether art it was or heedless hap. Spenser.

     Cursed  be  good haps, and cursed be they that build Their hopes on
     haps. Sir P. Sidney.

     Loving goes by haps: Some Cupid kills with arrows, some with traps.


   Hap, v. i. [OE. happen. See Hap chance, and cf. Happen.] To happen; to
   befall; to chance. Chaucer.

     Sends word of all that haps in Tyre. Shak.


   Hap'"pen*ny (?), n. A half-penny.


   Hap"haz`ard  (?),  n.  [Hap + hazard.] Extra hazard; chance; accident;

     We take our principles at haphazard, upon trust. Locke.


   Hap"less  (?), a. Without hap or luck; luckless; unfortunate; unlucky;
   unhappy; as, hapless youth; hapless maid. Dryden.


   Hap"less*ly, adv. In a hapless, unlucky manner.


   Ha*plo"mi  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An order of freshwater
   fishes, including the true pikes, cyprinodonts, and blindfishes.


   Hal`lo*stem"o*nous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Bot.)  Having  but  one series of
   stamens,  and  that  equal  in  number to the proper number of petals;


   Hap"ly  (?),  adv.  By hap, chance, luck, or accident; perhaps; it may

     Lest haply ye be found even to fight against God. Acts v. 39.


   Happed (?), p. a. [From 1st Hap.] Wrapped; covered; cloaked. [Scot.]

     All happed with flowers in the green wood were. Hogg.


   Hap"pen  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Happened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Happening.] [OE. happenen, hapnen. See Hap to happen.]

   1.  To  come  by chance; to come without previous expectation; to fall

     There shall no evil happen to the just. Prov. xii. 21.

   2. To take place; to occur.

     All these things which had happened. Luke xxiv. 14.

   To happen on, to meet with; to fall or light upon. "I have happened on
   some  other accounts." Graunt. -- To happen in, to make a casual call.


   Hap"pi*ly (?), adv. [From Happy.]

   1. By chance; peradventure; haply. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

   2. By good fortune; fortunately; luckily.

     Preferred by conquest, happily o'erthrown. Waller.

   3.  In  a  happy manner or state; in happy circumstances; as, he lived
   happily with his wife.

   4. With address or dexterity; gracefully; felicitously; in a manner to
   success; with success.

     Formed  by  thy  converse, happily to steer From grave to gay, from
     lively to severe. Pope.

   Syn. -- Fortunately; luckily; successfully; prosperously; contentedly;
   dexterously; felicitously.


   Hap"pi*ness, n. [From Happy.]

   1. Good luck; good fortune; prosperity.

     All happiness bechance to thee in Milan! Shak.

   2.  An  agreeable  feeling  or condition of the soul arising from good
   fortune  or  propitious happening of any kind; the possession of those
   circumstances  or that state of being which is attended enjoyment; the
   state  of  being  happy;  contentment;  joyful satisfaction; felicity;

   3.  Fortuitous  elegance;  unstudied  grace;  --  used  especially  of

     Some beauties yet no precepts can declare, For there's a happiness,
     as well as care. Pope.

   Syn. -- Happiness, Felicity, Blessedness, Bliss. Happiness is generic,
   and  is  applied  to almost every kind of enjoyment except that of the
   animal  appetites;  felicity  is  a more formal word, and is used more
   sparingly  in  the same general sense, but with elevated associations;
   blessedness  is applied to the most refined enjoyment arising from the
   purest  social,  benevolent,  and  religious affections; bliss denotes
   still  more  exalted delight, and is applied more appropriately to the
   joy anticipated in heaven.

     O happiness! our being's end and aim! Pope.

     Others  in virtue place felicity, But virtue joined with riches and
     long life; In corporal pleasures he, and careless ease. Milton.

     His  overthrow  heaped  happiness  upon him; For then, and not till
     then,  he  felt himself, And found the blessedness of being little.


   Hap"py  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Happier  (?); superl. Happiest.] [From Hap

   1.  Favored  by  hap,  luck, or fortune; lucky; fortunate; successful;
   prosperous;  satisfying desire; as, a happy expedient; a happy effort;
   a happy venture; a happy omen.

     Chymists  have  been  more  happy  in  finding experiments than the
     causes of them. Boyle.

   2.  Experiencing  the  effect of favorable fortune; having the feeling
   arising from the consciousness of well-being or of enjoyment; enjoying
   good  of any kind, as peace, tranquillity, comfort; contented; joyous;
   as, happy hours, happy thoughts.

     Happy is that people, whose God is the Lord. Ps. cxliv. 15.

     The  learned  is happy Nature to explore, The fool is happy that he
     knows no more. Pope.

   3. Dexterous; ready; apt; felicitous.

     One  gentleman  is  happy  at  a  reply,  another  excels in a in a
     rejoinder. Swift.

   Happy  family,  a  collection  of  animals  of  different  and hostile
   propensities living peaceably together in one cage. Used ironically of
   conventional  alliances of persons who are in fact mutually repugnant.
   --  Happy-go-lucky,  trusting to hap or luck; improvident; easy-going.
   "Happy-go-lucky carelessness." W. Black.
   Ha*pu"ku  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A large and valuable food fish (Polyprion
   prognathus)  of New Zealand. It sometimes weighs one hundred pounds or


   Haque"but (?), n. See Hagbut.


   Ha"ra-ki`ri  (?), n. [Jap., stomach cutting.] Suicide, by slashing the
   abdomen,  formerly practiced in Japan, and commanded by the government
   in  the cases of disgraced officials; disembowelment; -- also written,
   but incorrectly, hari-kari. W. E. Griffis.


   Ha*rangue"  (?),  n. [F. harangue: cf. Sp. arenda, It. aringa; lit., a
   speech  before  a  multitude  or  on  the  hustings, It. aringo arena,
   hustings,  pulpit;  all  fr.  OHG. hring ring, anything round, ring of
   people,  G.  ring.  See  Ring.]  A  speech addressed to a large public
   assembly;  a  popular  oration;  a  loud address a multitude; in a bad
   sense, a noisy or pompous speech; declamation; ranting.

     Gray-headed  men  and  grave,  with  warriors  mixed, Assemble, and
     harangues are heard. Milton.

   Syn. -- Harangue, Speech, Oration. Speech is generic; an oration is an
   elaborate  and  rhetorical speech; an harangue is a vehement appeal to
   the  passions,  or  a  noisy, disputatious address. A general makes an
   harangue  to  his troops on the eve of a battle; a demagogue harangues
   the populace on the subject of their wrongs.


   Ha*rangue",  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Harangued  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Haranguing.] [Cf. F. haranguer, It. aringare.] To make an harangue; to


   Ha*rangue", v. t. To address by an harangue.


   Ha*rangue"ful (?), a. Full of harangue.


   Ha*rang"uer  (?),  n.  One  who harangues, or is fond of haranguing; a

     With  them  join'd all th' harangues of the throng, That thought to
     get preferment by the tongue. Dryden.


   Har"ass  (h&acr;r"as),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Harassed (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Harassing.]  [F.  harasser; cf. OF. harace a basket made of cords,
   harace, harasse,a very heavy and large shield; or harer to set (a dog)
   on.]  To  fatigue; to tire with repeated and exhausting efforts; esp.,
   to  weary  by  importunity,  teasing,  or fretting; to cause to endure
   excessive burdens or anxieties; -- sometimes followed by out.

     [Troops] harassed with a long and wearisome march. Bacon.

     Nature oppressed and harass'd out with care. Addison.

     Vext with lawyers and harass'd with debt. Tennyson.

   Syn.  --  To  weary;  jade;  tire;  perplex;  distress;  tease; worry;
   disquiet;  chafe; gall; annoy; irritate; plague; vex; molest; trouble;
   disturb; torment.


   Har"ass, n.

   1. Devastation; waste. [Obs.] Milton.

   2. Worry; harassment. [R.] Byron.


   Har"ass*er (?), n. One who harasses.


   Har"ass*ment (?), n. The act of harassing, or state of being harassed;
   worry; annoyance; anxiety.

     Little harassments which I am led to suspect do occasionally molest
     the most fortunate. Ld. Lytton.


   Har"ber*ous (?), a. Harborous. [Obs.]

     A  bishop  must  be  faultless,  the  husband of one wife, honestly
     appareled, harberous. Tyndale (1 Tim. iii. 2)


   Har"bin*ger  (?), n. [OE. herbergeour, OF. herbergeor one who provides
   lodging,  fr.  herbergier  to  provide  lodging,  F.  h\'82berger, OF.
   herberge lodging, inn, F. auberge; of German origin. See Harbor.]

   1.  One  who provides lodgings; especially, the officer of the English
   royal  household  who  formerly  preceded the court when traveling, to
   provide and prepare lodgings. Fuller.

   2. A forerunner; a precursor; a messenger.

     I knew by these harbingers who were coming. Landor.


   Har"bin*ger,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Harbingered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Harbingering.]  To  usher in; to be a harbinger of. "Thus did the star
   of religious freedom harbinger the day." Bancroft.


   Har"bor   (?),  n.  [Written  also  harbour.]  [OE  herbor,  herberwe,
   herberge,  Icel.  herbergi  (cf. OHG. heriberga), orig., a shelter for
   soldiers;  herr  army + bjarga to save, help, defend; akin to AS. here
   army,  G.  heer,  OHG.  heri,  Goth.  harjis, and AS. beorgan to save,
   shelter, defend, G. bergen. See Harry, 2d Bury, and cf. Harbinger.]

   1.  A  station  for  rest  and  entertainment; a place of security and
   comfort; a refuge; a shelter.

     [A grove] fair harbour that them seems. Spenser.

     For harbor at a thousand doors they knocked. Dryden.

   2. Specif.: A lodging place; an inn. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   3. (Astrol.) The mansion of a heavenly body. [Obs.]

   4.  A  portion  of a sea, a lake, or other large body of water, either
   landlocked or artificially protected so as to be a place of safety for
   vessels in stormy weather; a port or haven.

   Page 670

   5. (Glass Works) A mixing box materials.
   Harbor dues (Naut.), fees paid for the use of a harbor. -- Harbor seal
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  common  seal.  --  Harbor  watch, a watch set when a
   vessel is in port; an anchor watch.


   Har"bor (?), v. t. [Written also harbour.] [imp. & p. p. Harbored (#);
   p.  pr.  & vb. n. Harboring.] [OE. herberen, herberwen, herbergen; cf.
   Icel.  herbergja.  See  Harbor,  n.] To afford lodging to; to enter as
   guest;  to receive; to give a refuge to; indulge or cherish (a thought
   or feeling, esp. an ill thought).

     Any place that harbors men. Shak.

     The  bare suspicion made it treason to harbor the person suspected.
     Bp. Burnet.

     Let not your gentle breast harbor one thought of outrage. Rowe.


   Har"bor, v. i. To lodge, or abide for a time; to take shelter, as in a

     For this night let's harbor here in York. Shak.


   Har"bor*age (?), n. Shelter; entertainment.[R.]

     Where can I get me harborage for the night? Tennyson.


   Har"bor*er (?), n. One who, or that which, harbors.

     Geneva was . . . a harborer of exiles for religion. Strype.


   Har"bor*less, a. Without a harbor; shelterless.

                                 Harbor master

   Har"bor mas`ter (?). An officer charged with the duty of executing the
   regulations respecting the use of a harbor.

                             Harborough, Harbrough

   Har"bor*ough  (?),  Har"brough  (?),[See  Harbor.]  A  shelter. [Obs].


   Har"bor*ous (?), a. Hospitable. [Obs.]


   Hard  (?),  a.  [Compar. Harder (?); superl. Hardest.] [OE. heard, AS.
   heard;  akin  to  OS. & D. heard, G. hart, OHG. harti, Icel. har, Dan.
   haard, Sw. h\'86rd, Goth. hardus, Gr.,, strength, and also to E. -ard,
   as in coward, drunkard, -crat, -cracy in autocrat, democracy; cf. Skr.
   kratu strength, to do, make. Gf.Hardy.]

   1.  Not  easily penetrated, cut, or separated into parts; not yielding
   to  pressure; firm; solid; compact; -- applied to material bodies, and
   opposed to soft; as, hard wood; hard flesh; a hard apple.

   2. Difficult, mentally or judicially; not easily apprehended, decided,
   or resolved; as a hard problem.

     The hard causes they brought unto Moses. Ex. xviii. 26.

     In which are some things hard to be understood. 2 Peter iii. 16.

   3.  Difficult  to accomplish; full of obstacles; laborious; fatiguing;
   arduous; as, a hard task; a disease hard to cure.

   4. Difficult to resist or control; powerful.

     The stag was too hard for the horse. L'Estrange.

     A power which will be always too hard for them. Addison.

   5. Difficult to bear or endure; not easy to put up with or consent to;
   hence,  severe;  rigorous;  oppressive; distressing; unjust; grasping;
   as,  a hard lot; hard times; hard fare; a hard winter; hard conditions
   or terms.

     I never could drive a hard bargain. Burke.

   6.  Difficult  to  please  or  influence; stern; unyielding; obdurate;
   unsympathetic; unfeeling; cruel; as, a hard master; a hard heart; hard
   words; a hard character.

   7.  Not  easy  or  agreeable  to  the taste; stiff; rigid; ungraceful;
   repelling; as, a hard style.

     Figures harder than even the marble itself. Dryden.

   8. Rough; acid; sour, as liquors; as, hard cider.

   9. (Pron.) Abrupt or explosive in utterance; not aspirated, sibilated,
   or pronounced with a gradual change of the organs from one position to
   another;-  said  of  certain consonants, as c in came, and g in go, as
   distinguished from the same letters in center, general, etc.

   10.  Wanting  softness  or  smoothness of utterance; harsh; as, a hard

   11.  (Painting)  (a)  Rigid  in  the  drawing  or  distribution of the
   figures; formal; lacking grace of composition. (b) Having disagreeable
   and abrupt contrasts in the coloring or light and shade.
   Hard  cancer,  Hard  case,  etc.  See under Cancer, Case, etc. -- Hard
   clam,  OR  Hard-shelled  clam  (Zo\'94l.),  the  guahog. -- Hard coal,
   anthracite, as distinguished from bituminous or soft coal. -- Hard and
   fast.  (Naut.)  See  under  Fast.  --  Hard  finish  (Arch.), a smooth
   finishing  coat  of  hard fine plaster applied to the surface of rough
   plastering.  --  Hard  lines,  hardship; difficult conditions. -- Hard
   money,  coin  or  specie,  as  distinguished from paper money. -- Hard
   oyster  (Zo\'94l.), the northern native oyster. [Local, U. S.] -- Hard
   pan,  the  hard  stratum  of  earth  lying  beneath  the  soil; hence,
   figuratively,  the  firm,  substantial, fundamental part or quality of
   anything;  as, the hard pan of character, of a matter in dispute, etc.
   See  Pan.  -- Hard rubber. See under Rubber. -- Hard solder. See under
   Solder.  --  Hard  water,  water,  which contains lime or some mineral
   substance rendering it unfit for washing. See Hardness, 3.- Hard wood,
   wood  of  a  solid  or hard texture; as walnut, oak, ash, box, and the
   like,  in  distinction  from  pine,  poplar,  hemlock,  etc.-  In hard
   condition,   in   excellent   condition   for   racing;   having  firm
   muscles;-said  of  race  horses.  Syn.  --  Solid;  arduous; powerful;
   trying;   unyielding;   stubborn;  stern;  flinty;  unfeeling;  harsh;
   difficult; severe; obdurate; rigid. See Solid, and Arduous.


   Hard, adv. [OE. harde, AS. hearde.]

   1. With pressure; with urgency; hence, diligently; earnestly.

     And prayed so hard for mercy from the prince. Dryden.

     My father Is hard at study; pray now, rest yourself. Shak.

   2. With difficulty; as, the vehicle moves hard.

   3. Uneasily; vexatiously; slowly. Shak.

   4.  So  as  to raise difficulties. " The guestion is hard set". Sir T.

   5.  With  tension  or  strain  of  the  powers; violently; with force;
   tempestuously; vehemently; vigorously; energetically; as, to press, to
   blow, to rain hard; hence, rapidly; as, to run hard.

   6. Close or near.

     Whose house joined hard to the synagogue. Acts xviii.7.

   Hard  by,  near  by;  close  at  hand; not far off. "Hard by a cottage
   chimney  smokes."  Milton.  -- Hard pushed, Hard run, greatly pressed;
   as,  he was hard pushed or hard run for time, money, etc. [Colloq.] --
   Hard  up,  closely  pressed  by  want  or  necessity; without money or
   resources; as, hard up for amusements. [Slang]

     NOTE: &hand; Ha rd in nautical language is often joined to words of
     command  to the helmsman, denoting that the order should be carried
     out  with the utmost energy, or that the helm should be put, in the
     direction  indicated,  to  the  extreme limit, as, Hard aport! Hard
     astarboard! Hard alee! Hard aweather up! Hard is also often used in
     composition   with   a  participle;  as,  hard-baked;  hard-earned;
     hard-working; hard-won.


   Hard (?), v. t. To harden; to make hard. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hard, n. A ford or passage across a river or swamp.


   Hard"bake`  (?), n. A sweetmeat of boiled brown sugar or molasses made
   with almonds, and flavored with orange or lemon juice, etc. Thackeray.


   Hard"beam`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) A tree of the genus Carpinus, of compact,
   horny texture; hornbeam.


   Hard"en  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Hardened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hardening (?).] [OE. hardnen, hardenen.]

   1.  To  make hard or harder; to make firm or compact; to indurate; as,
   to harden clay or iron.

   2.  To  accustom  by  labor  or suffering to endure with constancy; to
   strengthen;  to  stiffen;  to inure; also, to confirm in wickedness or
   shame; to make unimpressionable. "Harden not your heart." Ps. xcv. 8.

     I would harden myself in sorrow. Job vi. 10.


   Hard"en, v. i.

   1. To become hard or harder; to acquire solidity, or more compactness;
   as, mortar hardens by drying.

     The  deliberate  judgment  of  those  who knew him [A. Lincoln] has
     hardened into tradition. The Century.

   2.  To  become  confirmed  or  strengthened, in either a good or a bad

     They, hardened more by what might most reclaim. Milton.


   Hard"ened  (?),  a.  Made hard, or compact; made unfeeling or callous;
   made  obstinate  or  obdurate;  confirmed  in  error  or vice. Syn. --
   Impenetrable;   hard;  obdurate;  callous;  unfeeling;  unsusceptible;
   insensible. See Obdurate.


   Hard"en*er  (?),  n. One who, or that which, hardens; specif., one who
   tempers tools.


   Hard"en*ing, n.

   1. Making hard or harder.

   2.  That  which hardens, as a material used for converting the surface
   of iron into steel.


   Har"der (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A South African mullet, salted for food.


   Har*de"ri*an  (?),  a.  (Anat.) A term applied to a lachrymal gland on
   the inner side of the orbit of many animals which have a third eyelid,
   or nictitating membrane. See Nictitating membrane, under Nictitate.


   Hard"-fa`vored  (?),  a.  Hard-featured;  ill-looking;  as, Vulcan was
   hard-favored. Dryden.


   Hard"fa`vored*ness, n. Coarseness of features.


   Hard"-fea`tured  (?), a Having coarse, unattractive or stern features.


   Hard"fern`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  species  of  fern (Lomaria borealis),
   growing in Europe and Northwestern America.


   Hard"-fist`ed (?), a.

   1. Having hard or strong hands; as, a hard-fisted laborer.

   2. Close-fisted; covetous; niggardly. Bp. Hall.


   Hard"-fought` (?), a. Vigorously contested; as, a hard-fought battle.

                                  Hard grass

   Hard"  grass`  (.  (Bot.)  A  name given to several different grasses,
   especially  to  the  Roltb\'94llia  incurvata,  and  to the species of
   \'92gilops,  from  one  of  which  it is contended that wheat has been


   Hard"hack` (, n. (Bot.) A very astringent shrub (Spir\'91a tomentosa),
   common  in  pastures.  The Potentilla fruticosa in also called by this


   Hard"-hand`ed (?), a. Having hard hands, as a manual laborer.

     Hard-handed men that work in Athens here. Shak.


   Hard"head` (?), n.

   1. Clash or collision of heads in contest. Dryden.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  The  menhaden.  See  Menhaden.  [Local, U.S.] (b)
   Block's gurnard (Trigla gurnardus) of Europe. (c) A California salmon;
   the  steelhead.  (d) The gray whale. See Gray whale, under Gray. (e) A
   coarse American commercial sponge (Spongia dura).


   Hard"-head`ed,   a.  Having  sound  judgment;  sagacious;  shrewd.  --
   Hard"-head`ed*ness, n.


   Hard"-heart`ed  (?), a. Unsympathetic; inexorable; cruel; pitiless. --
   Hard"-heart`ed*ness, n.


   Hard"di*head (?), n. Hardihood. [Obs.]


   Hard"di*hood  (?),  n. [Hardy + -hood.] Boldness, united with firmness
   and  constancy  of  mind;  bravery;  intrepidity; also, audaciousness;

     A bound of graceful hardihood. Wordsworth.

     It  is  the  society  of numbers which gives hardihood to iniquity.

   Syn.  -- Intrepidity; courage; pluck; resolution; stoutness; audacity;
   effrontery; impudence.


   Har"di*ly, adv.

   1. Same as Hardly. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. Boldly; stoutly; resolutely. Wyclif.


   Har"di*ment  (?),  n. [OF. hardement. See Hardy.] Hardihood; boldness;
   courage; energetic action. [Obs.]

     Changing hardiment with great Glendower. Shak.


   Har"di*ness (?), n.

   1. Capability of endurance.

   2. Hardihood; boldness; firmness; assurance. Spenser.

     Plenty  and  peace  breeds  cowards;  Hardness ever Of hardiness is
     mother. Shak.

     They  who  were  not  yet  grown  to  the  hardiness of avowing the
     contempt of the king. Clarendon.

   3. Hardship; fatigue. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Hard"ish (?), a. Somewhat hard.


   Hard"-la`bored  (?), a. Wrought with severe labor; elaborate; studied.


   Hard"ly (?), adv. [AS.heardlice. See Hand.]

   1. In a hard or difficult manner; with difficulty.

     Recovering hardly what he lost before. Dryden.

   2. Unwillingly; grudgingly.

     The House of Peers gave so hardly theiMilton.

   3. Scarcely; barely; not guite; not wholly.

     Hardly  shall  you  one  so bad, but he desires the credit of being
     thought good. South.

   4. Severely; harshly; roughly.

     He has in many things been hardly used. Swift.

   5. Confidently; hardily. [Obs.] Holland.

   6. Certainly; surely; indeed. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hard"-mouthed`  (?),  a. Not sensible to the bit; not easily governed;
   as, a hard-mouthed horse.


   Hard"ness, n. [AS. heardness.]

   1. The quality or state of being hard, literally or figuratively.

     The  habit  of authority also had given his manners some peremptory
     hardness. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  (Min.)  The  cohesion  of  the particles on the surface of a body,
   determined   by   its  capacity  to  scratch  another,  or  be  itself
   scratched;-measured  among  minerals  on  a scale of which diamond and
   talc form the extremes.

   3.  (Chem.)  The peculiar quality exhibited by water which has mineral
   salts  dissolved  in  it.  Such water forms an insoluble compound with
   soap, and is hence unfit for washing purposes.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is qu ality is  ca used by  the presence of calcium
     carbonate,  causing  temporary  hardness  which  can  be removed by
     boiling,  or  by calcium sulphate, causing permanent hardness which
     can  not  be  so  removed,  but  may be improved by the addition of
     sodium carbonate.


   Har"dock (?), n. [Obs.] See Hordock.


   Hard"pan`  (?),  n. The hard substratum. Same as Hard pan, under Hard,


   Hards  (?),  n.  pl.  [OE.  herdes, AS. heordan; akin to G. hede.] The
   refuse or coarse part of fiax; tow.


   Hard"-shell`    (?),    a.   Unyielding;   insensible   to   argument;
   uncompromising; strict. [Collog., U.S.]


   Hard"ship  (?),  n.  That  which  is hard to hear, as toil, privation,
   injury, injustice, etc. Swift.


   Hard"spun`, a. Firmly twisted in spinning.


   Hard"-tack`  (?), n. A name given by soldiers and sailors to a kind of
   hard biscuit or sea bread.


   Hard"tail` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Jurel.


   Hard"-vis`aged (?), a. Of a harsh or stern countenance; hard-featured.


   Hard"ware`  (?),  n. Ware made of metal, as cutlery, kitchen utensils,
   and the like; ironmongery.


   Hard"ware`man  (?), n.; pl. Hardwaremen (. One who makes, or deals in,


   Har"dy  (?),  a. [Compar. Hardier (?); superl. Hardiest.] [F.hardi, p.
   p.  fr.  OF. hardir to make bold; of German origin, cf. OHG. hertan to
   harden, G. h\'84rten. See Hard, a.]

   1. Bold; brave; stout; daring; resolu?e; intrepid.

     Hap helpeth hardy man alway. Chaucer.

   2.  Confident;  full  of  assurance; in a bad sense, morally hardened;

   3. Strong; firm; compact.

     [A] blast may shake in pieces his hardy fabric. South.

   4. Inured to fatigue or hardships; strong; capable of endurance; as, a
   hardy veteran; a hardy mariner.

   5. Able to withstand the cold of winter.

     NOTE: &hand; Pl ants wh ich are hardy in Virginia may perish in New
     England.  Half-hardy  plants  are those which are able to withstand
     mild winters or moderate frosts.


   Har"dy,  n. A blacksmith's fuller or chisel, having a square shank for
   insertion into a square hole in an anvil, called the hardy hole.


   Hare (?), v. t. [Cf. Harry, Harass.] To excite; to tease, or worry; to
   harry. [Obs.] Locke.


   Hare, n. [AS. hara; akin to D. haas, G. hase, OHG. haso, Dan. \'91 Sw.
   hare, Icel. h, Skr. .

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  rodent of the genus Lepus, having long hind legs, a
   short  tail,  and  a  divided  upper  lip. It is a timid animal, moves
   swiftly by leaps, and is remarkable for its fecundity.

     NOTE: &hand; The species of hares are numerous. The common European
     hare  is  Lepustimidus. The northern or varying hare of America (L.
     Americanus),  and  the  prairie hare (L. campestris), turn white in
     winter.  In  America,  the  various  species  of hares are commonly
     called rabbits.

   2.  (Astron.)  A  small  constellation situated south of and under the
   foot of Orion; Lepus.
   Hare  and  hounds,  a  game played by men and boys, two, called hares,
   having  a few minutes' start, and scattering bits of paper to indicate
   their course, being chased by the others, called the hounds, through a
   wide  circuit.  --  Hare  kangaroo  (Zo\'94l.).,  a  small  Australian
   kangaroo  (Lagorchestes  Leporoides),  resembling the hare in size and
   color,  -- Hare's lettuce (Bot.), a plant of the genus Sonchus, or sow
   thistle;  --  so called because hares are said to eat it when fainting
   with  heat.  Dr. Prior. -- Jumping hare. (Zo\'94l.) See under Jumping.
   --  Little  chief  hare, OR Crying hare. (Zo\'94l.) See Chief hare. --
   Sea hare. (Zo\'94l.) See Aplysia.


   Hare"bell` (?), n. (Bot.) A small, slender, branching plant (Campanula
   rotundifolia),  having  blue bell-shaped flowers; also, Scilla nutans,
   which  has  similar  flowers;  --  called also bluebell. [Written also

     E'en the light harebell raised its head. Sir W. Scott .

   Page 671


   Hare"'brained`'  (?),  a.  Wild;  giddy;  volatile;  heedless.  "A mad
   hare-brained fellow." North (Plutarch). [Written also hairbrained.]


   Hare"foot` (?), n.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  long,  narrow  foot,  carried (that is, produced or
   extending) forward; -- said of dogs.

   2.  (Bot)  A  tree  (Ochroma  Laqopus)  of the West Indies, having the
   stamens united somewhat in the form of a hare's foot.
   Harefoot  clover  (Bot.), a species of clover (Trifolium arvense) with
   soft and silky heads.


   Hare"-heart`ed (?), a. Timorous; timid; easily frightened. Ainsworth.


   Hare"hound` (?), n. See Harrier. A. Chalmers.


   Har"eld (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The long-tailed duck. See Old Squaw.


   Hare"lip`  (?),  n. A lip, commonly the upper one, having a fissure of
   perpendicular division like that of a hare. -- Hare"lipped` (#), a.


   Ha"rem  (?),  n.[Ar.haram,  orig.,  anything  forbidden of sacred, fr.
   harama to forbid, prohibit.] [Written also haram and hareem.]

   1.  The  apartments  or  portion  of  the house allotted to females in
   Mohammedan families.

   2.  The  family  of  wives  and  concubines  belonging  to one man, in
   Mohammedan countries; a seraglio.


   Ha*ren"gi*form  (?),  a.  [F.  hareng  herring (LL.harengus) + -form.]


   Hare's"-ear`   (?),   n.  (Bot.)  An  umbelliferous  plant  (Bupleurum
   rotundifolium ); -- so named from the shape of its leaves. Dr. Prior.

                               Hare's-foot fern

   Hare's"-foot`   fern`   (?).   (Bot.)  A  species  of  fern  (Davallia
   Canariensis) with a soft, gray, hairy rootstock; -- whence the name.


   Hare's"-tail`  (-t&amac;l`),  n.  (Bot.)  A  kind of grass (Eriophorum
   vaginatum).  See Cotton grass, under Cotton. Hare's-tail grass (Bot.),
   a  species  of  grass  (Lagurus  ovatus) whose head resembles a hare's


   Har"fang (?), n. [See Hare, n., and Fang.] (Zo\'94l.) The snowy owl.

                                 Hariali grass

   Ha`ri*a"li  grass`  (?).  (Bot.)  The  East Indian name of the Cynodon
   Dactylon; dog's-grass.


   Har"i*cot (?), n. [F.]

   1. A ragout or stew of meat with beans and other vegetables.

   2.  The  ripe  seeds,  or  the  unripe  pod, of the common string bean
   (Phaseolus  vulgaris),  used as a vegetable. Other species of the same
   genus furnish different kinds of haricots.


   Har"i*er (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Harrier.


   Ha"ri*ka`ri (?), n. See Hara-kiri.


   Har`i*o*ia"tion    (?),    n.   [See   Ariolation.]   Prognostication;
   soothsaying. [Obs.] Cockeram.


   Har"ish (?), a. Like a hare. [R.] Huloet.


   Hark (?), v. i. [OE. herken. See Hearken.] To listen; to hearken. [Now
   rare,  except  in  the  imperative form used as an interjection, Hark!
   listen.]  Hudibras.  Hark  away!  Hark back! Hark forward! (Sporting),
   cries  used to incite and guide hounds in hunting. -- To hark back, to
   go  back  for  a fresh start, as when one has wandered from his direct
   course, or made a digression.

     He  must  have  overshot  the mark, and must hark back. Haggard. He
     harked back to the subject. W. E. Norris.


   Hark"en (?), v. t. & i. To hearken. Tennyson.


   Harl (?), n. [Cf. OHG. harluf noose, rope; E. hards refuse of flax.]

   1. A filamentous substance; especially, the filaments of flax or hemp.

   2.  A  barb,  or  barbs,  of  a fine large feather, as of a peacock or
   ostrich, -- used in dressing artificial flies. [Written also herl.]


   Harle (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The red-breasted merganser.

                                 Harlech group

   Har"lech  group`  (?).  [  So called from Harlech in Wales.] (Geol.) A
   minor subdivision at the base of the Cambrian system in Wales.


   Har"le*quin  (?), n. [F. arlequin,formerly written also harlequin (cf.
   It,  arlecchino),  prob.  fr.  OF.  hierlekin, hellequin, goblin, elf,
   which  is  prob. of German or Dutch origin; cf. D. hel hell. Cf. Hell,
   Kin.]  A  buffoon, dressed in party-colored clothes, who plays tricks,
   often  without  speaking,  to  divert the bystanders or an audience; a
   merry-andrew;  originally,  a  droll  rogue  of  Italian comedy. Percy

     As dumb harlequin is exhibited in our theaters. Johnson.

   Harlequin   bat  (Zo\'94l.),  an  Indian  bat  (Scotophilus  ornatus),
   curiously variegated with white spots. -- Harlequin beetle (Zo\'94l.),
   a  very large South American beetle (Acrocinus longimanus) having very
   long  legs  and  antenn\'91. The elytra are curiously marked with red,
   black,  and gray. -- Harlequin cabbage bug. (Zo\'94l.) See Calicoback.
   --  Harlequin  caterpillar.  (Zo\'94l.),  the  larva  of  an  American
   bombycid  moth  (Euch\'91tes egle) which is covered with black, white,
   yellow,  and  orange  tufts  of  hair. -- Harlequin duck (Zo\'94l.), a
   North American duck (Histrionicus histrionicus). The male is dark ash,
   curiously  streaked  with  white.  --  Harlequin  moth. (Zo\'94l.) See
   Magpie   Moth.  --  Harlequin  opal.  See  Opal.  --  Harlequin  snake
   (Zo\'94l.),  a small, poisonous snake (Elaps fulvius), ringed with red
   and black, found in the Southern United States.


   Har"le*quin  (?),  n.  i.  To play the droll; to make sport by playing
   ludicrous tricks.


   Har"le*quin,  v.  t.  Toremove  or  conjure  away, as by a harlequin's

     And kitten,if the humor hit Has harlequined away the fit. M. Green.


   Har"le*quin*ade`  (?),  n. [F. arleguinade.] A play or part of play in
   which the harlequin is conspicuous; the part of a harlequin. Macaulay.


   Har"lock  (?), n. Probably a corruption either of charlock or hardock.


   Har"lot  (?),  n.  [OE.harlot, herlot, a vagabond, OF. harlot, herlot,
   arlot; cf. Pr. arlot, Sp. arlote, It. arlotto; of uncertain origin.]

   1.  A  churl;  a  common  man; a person, male or female, of low birth.

     He was a gentle harlot and a kind. Chaucer.

   2.  A  person given to low conduct; a rogue; a cheat; a rascal. [Obs.]

   3.  A  woman who prostitutes her body for hire; a prostitute; a common
   woman; a strumpet.


   Har"lot, a. Wanton; lewd; low; base. Shak.


   Har"lot, v. i. To play the harlot; to practice lewdness. Milton.


   Har"lot*ize (?), v. i. To harlot. [Obs.] Warner.


   Har"lot*ry (?), n.

   1.  Ribaldry;  buffoonery;  a  ribald  story.  [Obs.]  Piers  Plowman.

   2.  The  trade  or  practice  of  prostitution;  habitual or customary
   lewdness. Dryden.

   3. Anything meretricious; as, harlotry in art.

   4. A harlot; a strumpet; a baggage. [Obs.]

     He sups to-night with a harlotry. Shak.


   Harm  (?),  n.  [OE.harm,  hearm,  AS.hearm; akin to OS. harm, G. harm
   grief,  Icel.  harmr,  Dan.  harme, Sw. harm; cf. OSlav. & Russ. sram'
   shame, Skr. crama toil, fatigue.]

   1. Injury; hurt; damage; detriment; misfortune.

   2. That which causes injury, damage, or loss.

     We, ignorant of ourselves, Beg often our own harms. Shak.

   Syn. -- Mischief; evil; loss; injury. See Mischief.


   Harm,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Harmed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Harming.] [OE.
   harmen,  AS. hearmian. See Harm, n.] To hurt; to injure; to damage; to

     Though yet he never harmed me. Shak.

     No  ground  of enmity between us known Why he should mean me ill or
     seek to harm. Milton.


   Har"ma*line (?), n. [Cf. F. harmaline See Harmel.] (Chem.) An alkaloid
   found in the plant Peganum harmala. It forms bitter, yellow salts.


   Har*mat"tan (?), n. [F. harmattan, prob. of Arabic origin.] A dry, hot
   wind,  prevailing  on  the  Atlantic  coast  of  Africa,  in December,
   January,  and  February,  blowing  from  the interior or Sahara. It is
   usually accompanied by a haze which obscures the sun.


   Har"mel  (?),  n. [Ar. harmal.] (Bot.) A kind of rue (Ruta sylvestris)
   growing  in  India.  At  Lahore the seeds are used medicinally and for


   Harm"ful (?), a. Full of harm; injurious; hurtful; mischievous. " Most
   harmful hazards." Strype. --Harm"ful*ly, adv. -- Harm"ful*ness, n.


   Har"mine  (?),  n.[See  Harmaline.]  (Chem.)  An alkaloid accompanying
   harmaline (in the Peganum harmala), and obtained from it by oxidation.
   It is a white crystalline substance.


   Harm"less (?), a.

   1. Free from harm; unhurt; as, to give bond to save another harmless.

   2.  Free  from  power or disposition to harm; innocent; inoffensive. "
   The  harmless  deer."  Drayton Syn. -- Innocent; innoxious; innocuous;
   inoffensive; unoffending; unhurt; uninjured; unharmed. --Harm"less*ly,
   adv.- Harm"less*ness, n.

                             Harmonic, Harmonical

   Har*mon"ic  (?),  Har*mon"ic*al  (, a. [L. harmonicus, Gr. harmonique.
   See Harmony.]

   1. Concordant; musical; consonant; as, harmonic sounds.

     Harmonic twang! of leather, horn, and brass. Pope.

   2.  (Mus.)  Relating  to  harmony,  --  as  melodic relates to melody;
   harmonious;  esp., relating to the accessory sounds or overtones which
   accompany  the  predominant  and apparent single tone of any string or
   sonorous body.

   3.  (Math.) Having relations or properties bearing some resemblance to
   those  of  musical  consonances;  --  said of certain numbers, ratios,
   proportions, points, lines. motions, and the like.
   Harmonic  interval  (Mus.), the distance between two notes of a chord,
   or  two  consonant  notes. -- Harmonical mean (Arith. & Alg.), certain
   relations  of numbers and quantities, which bear an analogy to musical
   consonances.  -- Harmonic motion, <-- reference to diagram of a circle
   with  radius having point P on the circle, and a diameter with point A
   in  the  diameter.  THe  motion  of  point  A, plotted over time, will
   describe a sine wave! -->the motion of the point A, of the foot of the
   perpendicular  PA,  when  P  moves uniformly in the circumference of a
   circle,  and  PA is drawn perpendicularly upon a fixed diameter of the
   circle.  This is simple harmonic motion. The combinations, in any way,
   of  two  more  simple  harmonic  motions, make other kinds of harmonic
   motion.  The  motion  of  the pendulum bob of a clock is approximately
   simple  harmonic motion. -- Harmonic proportion. See under Proportion.
   -- Harmonic series OR progression. See under Progression. -- Spherical
   harmonic  analysis,  a  mathematical  method, sometimes referred to as
   that   of  Laplace's  Coefficients,  which  has  for  its  object  the
   expression  of  an  arbitrary,  periodic  function  of two independent
   variables,  in the proper form for a large class of physical problems,
   involving  arbitrary data, over a spherical surface, and the deduction
   of  solutions for every point of space. The functions employed in this
   method  are  called  spherical  harmonic functions. Thomson & Tait. --
   Harmonic  suture  (Anat.),  an  articulation  by  simple apposition of
   comparatively  smooth  surfaces  or edges, as between the two superior
   maxillary  bones  in  man;  --  called  also harmonic, and harmony. --
   Harmonic  triad  (Mus.), the chord of a note with its third and fifth;
   the common chord.


   Har*mon"ic  (?),  n.  (Mus.)  A  musical  note produced by a number of
   vibrations  which is a multiple of the number producing some other; an
   overtone. See Harmonics.


   Har*mon"i*ca  (?),  n. [Fem. fr. L. harmonicus harmonic. See Harmonic,
   n. ]

   1.  A  musical  instrument,  consisting  of  a series of hemispherical
   glasses  which,  by  touching the edges with the dampened finger, give
   forth  the  tones.<--  NOTE: This is now called the "Glass harmonica".
   The modern hand instrument has reeds -->

   2. A toy instrument of strips of glass or metal hung on two tapes, and
   struck with hammers.

                                 Har monically

   Har* mon"ic*al*ly (?), adv.

   1. In an harmonical manner; harmoniously.

   2.  In respect to harmony, as distinguished from melody; as, a passage
   harmonically correct.

   3. (Math.) In harmonical progression.


   Har*mon"i*con  (?),  n.  A  small,  flat, wind instrument of music, in
   which  the  notes  are  produced  by  the  vibration  of free metallic
   reeds.<-- now called the harmonica. -->


   Har*mon"ics (?), n.

   1. The doctrine or science of musical sounds.

   2.  pl.  (Mus.)  Secondary and less distinct tones which accompany any
   principal,  and  apparently  simple, tone, as the octave, the twelfth,
   the  fifteenth,  and  the seventeenth. The name is also applied to the
   artificial  tones  produced  by  a  string  or column of air, when the
   impulse  given  to  it  suffices  only to make a part of the string or
   column vibrate; overtones.


   Har*mo"ni*ous (?), a. [Cf. F. harmonieux. See Harmony.]

   1.  Adapted  to  each  other; having parts proportioned to each other;

     God  hath  made  the  intellectual  world  harmonious and beautiful
     without us. Locke.

   2.  Acting  together  to  a common end; agreeing in action or feeling;
   living in peace and friendship; as, an harmonious family.

   3.  Vocally or musically concordant; agreeably consonant; symphonious.
   -- Har*mo"ni*ous*ly, adv. -- Har*mo"ni*ous*ness, n.


   Har*mon"i*phon  (?), n. [Gr. (Mus.) An obsolete wind instrument with a
   keyboard,  in  which the sound, which resembled the oboe, was produced
   by  the  vibration  of  thin  metallic  plates,  acted upon by blowing
   through a tube.


   Har"mo*nist (?), n. [Cf. F. harmoniste.]

   1. One who shows the agreement or harmony of corresponding passages of
   different authors, as of the four evangelists.

   2. (Mus.) One who understands the principles of harmony or is skillful
   in applying them in composition; a musical composer.

                             Harmonist, Harmonite

   Har"mo*nist,  Har"mo*nite  (?),  n.  (Eccl.  Hist.) One of a religious
   sect,  founded  in  W\'81rtemburg  in  the  last  century, composed of
   followers  of  George  Rapp,  a weaver. They had all their property in
   common.  In  1803,  a portion of this sect settled in Pennsylvania and
   called the village thus established, Harmony.


   Har*mo"ni*um  (?),  n.  [NL.  See  Harmony.  ]  A  musical instrument,
   resembling  a small organ and especially designed for church music, in
   which  the  tones are produced by forcing air by means of a bellows so
   as  to cause the vibration of free metallic reeds. It is now made with
   one or two keyboards, and has pedals and stops.


   Har`mo*ni*za"tion (?), n. The act of harmonizing.


   Har"mo*nize  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Harmonized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Harmonizing (?).] [Cf. F. harmoniser. ]

   1.  To agree in action, adaptation, or effect on the mind; to agree in
   sense or purport; as, the parts of a mechanism harmonize.

   2.  To be in peace and friendship, as individuals, families, or public

   3.  To  agree  in  vocal or musical effect; to form a concord; as, the
   tones harmonize perfectly.


   Har"mo*nize, v. t.

   1.  To  adjust  in  fit  proportions;  to  cause to agree; to show the
   agreement of; to reconcile the apparent contradiction of.

   2. (Mus.) To accompany with harmony; to provide with parts, as an air,
   or melody.


   Har"mo*ni`zer (?), n. One who harmonizes.


   Har`mo*nom"e*ter   (?),  n.  [Gr.  meter:  cf.  F.  harmonometre.]  An
   instrument for measuring the harmonic relations of sounds. It is often
   a monochord furnished with movable bridges.


   Har"mo*ny  (?),  n.; pl. Harmonies (#). [ F.harmonic, L. harmonia, Gr.
   Article. ]

   1.  The  just  adaptation  of  parts  to  each other, in any system or
   combination  of  things,  or  in  things, or things intended to form a
   connected  whole;  such  an agreement between the different parts of a
   design  or  composition as to produce unity of effect; as, the harmony
   of the universe.

   2.  Concord or agreement in facts, opinions, manners, interests, etc.;
   good  correspondence;  peace and friendship; as, good citizens live in

   3.  A  literary  work which brings together or arranges systematically
   parallel  passages of historians respecting the same events, and shows
   their agreement or consistency; as, a harmony of the Gospels.

   4.  (Mus.)  (a)  A  succession  of  chords  according  to the rules of
   progression  and  modulation.  (b)  The  science which treats of their
   construction and progression.

     Ten thousand harps, that tuned Angelic harmonies. Milton.

   5. (Anat.) See Harmonic suture, under Harmonic.
   Close  harmony,  Dispersed  harmony,  etc. See under Close, Dispersed,
   etc. -- Harmony of the spheres. See Music of the spheres, under Music.
   Syn.  --  Harmony,  Melody. Harmony results from the concord of two or
   more  strains  or  sounds  which  differ  in pitch and quality. Melody
   denotes  the  pleasing alternation and variety of musical and measured
   sounds, as they succeed each other in a single verse or strain.

   Page 672


   Har"most  (?),  n.  [Gr.  , fr. harmoste. See Harmony.] (Gr. Antiq.) A
   governor or prefect appointed by the Spartans in the cities subjugated
   by them.


   Har"mo*tome  (?),  n.  [Gr.  harmotome.]  (Min.) A hydrous silicate of
   alumina  and  baryta,  occurring  usually in white cruciform crystals;

     NOTE: &hand; A   re  lated mi neral, ca lled li me ha rmotome, an d
     Phillipsite, contains lime in place of baryta.



   Har"ness  (?),  n.  [OE.  harneis,  harnes,  OF.harneis,  F.  harnais,
   harnois;  of  Celtic  origin;  cf.  Armor.  harnez old iron, armor, W.
   haiarn iron, Armor. houarn, Ir. iarann, Gael. iarunn. Gf. Iron.]

   1.  Originally, the complete dress, especially in a military sense, of
   a man or a horse; hence, in general, armor.

     At least we 'll die witch harness on our back. Shak.

   2.  The equipment of a draught or carriage horse, for drawing a wagon,
   coach, chaise, etc.; gear; tackling.

   3.  The  part  of  a  loom comprising the heddles, with their means of
   support  and  motion, by which the threads of the warp are alternately
   raised and depressed for the passage of the shuttle.
   To  die  in harness, to die with armor on; hence, colloquially, to die
   while actively engaged in work or duty.


   Har"ness,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Harnessed  (#);  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Harnessing.] [OE. harneisen; cf. F. harnacher, OF. harneschier.]

   1.  To  dress in armor; to equip with armor for war, as a horseman; to

     Harnessed in rugged steel. Rowe.

     A gay dagger, Harnessed well and sharp as point of spear. Chaucer.

   2. Fig.: To equip or furnish for defense. Dr. H. More.

   3.  To make ready for draught; to equip with harness, as a horse. Also
   used figuratively.

     Harnessed to some regular profession. J. C. Shairp.

   Harnessed antelope. (Zo\'94l.) See Guib. -- Harnessed moth (Zo\'94l.),
   an American bombycid moth (Arctia phalerata of Harris), having, on the
   fore wings, stripes and bands of buff on a black ground.

                                 Harness cask

   Har"ness  cask`  (?).  (Naut.)  A  tub  lashed  to a vessel's deck and
   containing  salted  provisions  for  daily use; -- called also harness
   tub. W. C. Russell. 


   Har"ness*er (?), n. One who harnesses.


   Harns  (?),  n.  pl.  [Akin  to Icel.hjarni, Dan. hierne.] The brains.


   Harp  (?),  n.  [OE. harpe, AS. hearpe; akin to D. harp, G.harfe, OHG.
   harpha, Dan. harpe, Icel. & Sw. harpa.]

   1.  A  musical  instrument  consisting of a triangular frame furnished
   with  strings and sometimes with pedals, held upright, and played with
   the fingers.

   2. (Astron.) A constellation; Lyra, or the Lyre.

   3. A grain sieve. [Scot.]
   \'92olian  harp.  See under \'92olian. Harp seal (Zo\'94l.), an arctic
   seal  (Phoca  Gr\'d2nlandica).  The  adult  males have a light-colored
   body,  with a harp-shaped mark of black on each side, and the face and
   throat  black.  Called also saddler, and saddleback. The immature ones
   are  called  bluesides.  --  Harp shell (Zo\'94l.), a beautiful marine
   gastropod  shell  of  the  genus  Harpa,  of several species, found in
   tropical seas. See Harpa.


   Harp,  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Harped (?) p. pr. & vb. n. Harping.] [AS.
   hearpian. See Harp, n.]

   1. To play on the harp.

     I  heard  the voice of harpers, harping with their harps. Rev. xiv.

   2.  To  dwell  on  or  recur to a subject tediously or monotonously in
   speaking   or   in  writing;  to  refer  to  something  repeatedly  or
   continually;  --  usually with on or upon. "Harpings upon old themes."
   W. Irving.

     Harping on what I am, Not what he knew I was. Shak.

   To  harp on one string, to dwell upon one subject with disagreeable or
   wearisome persistence. [Collog.]


   Harp,  v.  t.  To play on, as a harp; to play (a tune) on the harp; to
   develop or give expression to by skill and art; to sound forth as from
   a harp; to hit upon.

     Thou 'harped my fear aright. Shak.


   Har"pa  (?),  n.  [L.,  harp.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A genus of marine univalve
   shells; the harp shells; -- so called from the form of the shells, and
   their ornamental ribs.


   Har"pa*gon (?), n [L. harpago, Gr. A grappling iron. [Obs.]


   Harp"er (?), n. [AS. hearpere.]

   1. A player on the harp; a minstrel.

     The murmuring pines and the hemlocks . . . Stand like harpers hoar,
     with beards that rest on their bosoms. Longfellow.

   2.  A  brass coin bearing the emblem of a harp, -- formerly current in
   Ireland. B. Jonson.


   Harp"ing  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to  the  harp; as, harping symphonies.

                                 Harping iron

   Harp"ing  i`ron  (?).  [F.harper  to  grasp  strongly. See Harpoon.] A
   harpoon. Evelyn.


   Harp"ings  (?),  n.  pl.  (Naut.)  The  fore parts of the wales, which
   encompass  the bow of a vessel, and are fastened to the stem. [Written
   also harpins.] Totten.


   Harp"ist,  n.  [Gf.  F.  harpiste.] A player on the harp; a harper. W.


   Har*poon" (?), n. [F. harpon, LL. harpo, perh. of Ger. origin, fr. the
   harp;  cf.  F.  harper to take and grasp strongly, harpe a dog's claw,
   harpin boathook (the sense of hook coming from the shape of the harp);
   but  cf.  also Gr. harpy. Cf. Harp.] A spear or javelin used to strike
   and  kill large fish, as whales; a harping iron. It consists of a long
   shank,  with  a broad, fiat, triangular head, sharpened at both edges,
   and  is thrown by hand, or discharged from a gun. Harpoon fork, a kind
   of  hayfork, consisting of bar with hinged barbs at one end a loop for
   a  rope  at the other end, used for lifting hay from the load by horse
   power.  --  Harpoon  gun, a gun used in the whale fishery for shooting
   the harpoon into a whale.


   Har*poon",  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Harpooned  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Harpooning.] To strike, catch, or kill with a harpoon.


   Har`poon*eer` (?), n. An harpooner. Grabb.


   Har*poon`er (?), n. [Gf. F. harponneur.] One who throws the harpoon.


   Harp`ress (?), n. A female harper. [R.] Sir W. Scott.


   Harp"si*chon (?), n. A harpsichord. [Obs.]


   Harp"si*chord  (?),  n.  [OF.  harpechorde,  in  which the harpe is of
   German  origin.  See Harp, and Chord.] (Mus.) A harp-shaped instrument
   of  music set horizontally on legs, like the grand piano, with strings
   of wire, played by the fingers, by means of keys provided with quills,
   instead  of hammers, for striking the strings. It is now superseded by
   the piano.


   Har"py  (?),  n.;  pl.  Harpies  (#).  [F.  harpie,  L.  harpyia,  Gr.

   1.  (Gr. Myth.) A fabulous winged monster, ravenous and filthy, having
   the  face  of  a woman and the body of a vulture, with long claws, and
   the face pale with hunger. Some writers mention two, others three.

     Both  table  and  provisions vanished guite. With sound of harpies'
     wings and talons heard. Milton.

   2. One who is rapacious or ravenous; an extortioner.

     The harpies about all pocket the pool. Goldsmith.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The European moor buzzard or marsh harrier (Circus
   \'91ruginosus). (b) A large and powerful, double-crested, short-winged
   American  eagle  (Thrasa\'89tus  harpyia).  It  ranges  from  Texas to
   Harpy bat (Zo\'94l.) (a) An East Indian fruit bat of the genus Harpyia
   (esp.  H.  cerphalotes),  having  prominent,  tubular  nostrils. (b) A
   small,  insectivorous  Indian  bat  (Harpiocephalus harpia). Harpy fly
   (Zo\'94l.), the house fly.

                             Harquebus, Harquebuse

   Har"que*bus, Har"que*buse (?), n. [See Arquebus.] A firearm with match
   holder,  trigger,  and  tumbler,  made  in the second half of the 15th
   century.  the  barrel  was  about  forty  inches  long.  A form of the
   harquebus was subsequently called arquebus with matchlock.


   Har"rage  (?)  v.  t.. [See Harry.] To harass; to plunder from. [Obs.]


   Har"re (?), n. [OE., fr. AS. heorr, hior.] A hinge. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Har"ri*dan  (?),  n. [F. haridelle a worn-out horse, jade.] A worn-out
   strumpet; a vixenish woman; a hag.

     Such  a  weak,  watery,  wicked  old  harridan, substituted for the
     pretty creature I had been used to see. De Quincey.


   Har"ri*er  (?),  n. [From Hare, n.] (Zo\'94l.) One of a small breed of
   hounds, used for hunting hares. [Written also harier.]


   Har"ri*er, n. [From Harry.]

   1. One who harries.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) One of several species of hawks or buzzards of the genus
   Circus  which  fly  low  and  harry  small animals or birds, -- as the
   European  marsh  harrier  (Circus \'91runginosus), and the hen harrier
   (C. cyaneus).
   Harrier hawk(Micrastur.


   Har"row  (?),  n. [OE. harowe, harwe, AS. hearge; cf. D. hark rake, G.
   harke, Icel. herfi harrow, Dan. harve, Sw. harf.

   1.  An implement of agriculture, usually formed of pieces of timber or
   metal  crossing  each  other, and set with iron or wooden teeth. It is
   drawn  over  plowed  land to level it and break the clods, to stir the
   soil and make it fine, or to cover seed when sown.

   2.  (Mil.)  An  obstacle  formed  by turning an ordinary harrow upside
   down, the frame being buried.
   Bush  harrow,  a  kind  of  light harrow made of bushes, for harrowing
   grass  lands  and  covering  seeds, or to finish the work of a toothed
   harrow.  --  Drill  harrow.  See under 6th Drill. -- Under the harrow,
   subjected  to  actual  torture  with a toothed instrument, or to great
   affliction or oppression.


   Har"row,  v.  t..  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Harrowed  (?);  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Harrowing.] [OE. harowen, harwen; cf. Dan. harve. See Harrow, n.]

   1.  To  draw  a  harrow over, as for the purpose of breaking clods and
   leveling the surface, or for covering seed; as, to harrow land.

     Will he harrow the valleys after thee? Job xxxix. 10.

   2.  To  break  or  tear,  as  with a harrow; to wound; to lacerate; to
   torment or distress; to vex.

     My aged muscles harrowed up with whips. Rowe.

     I  could  a  tale  unfold,  whose lightest word Would harrow up thy
     soul. Shak.


   Har"row,  interj. [OF. harau, haro; fr. OHG. hara, hera, herot, or fr.
   OS.  herod  hither,  akin to E. here.] Help! Halloo! An exclamation of
   distress;  a  call for succor;-the ancient Norman hue and cry. "Harrow
   and well away!" Spenser.

     Harrow! alas! here lies my fellow slain. Chaucer.


   Har"row,  v. t.. [See Harry.] To pillage; to harry; to oppress. [Obs.]

     Meaning thereby to harrow his people. Bacon


   Har"row*er (?), n. One who harrows.


   Har"row*er, n. One who harries. [Obs.]


   Har"ry  (?),  v.  t..  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Harried(  ?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Harrying.] [OF. harwen, herien, her, AS. hergisn to act as an army, to
   ravage, plunder, fr. here army; akin to G. here army; akin to G. heer,
   Icel.  herr,  Goth.  harjis,  and Lith. karas war. Gf. Harbor, Herald,

   1.  To  strip;  to  lay waste; as, the Northmen came several times and
   harried the land.

     To harry this beautiful region. W. Irving.

     A red squirrel had harried the nest of a wood thrush. J. Burroughs.

   2.  To  agitate;  to  worry;  to  harrow;  to harass. Shak. Syn. -- To
   ravage; plunder; pillage; lay waste; vex; tease; worry; annoy; harass.


   Har"ry, v. i.. To make a predatory incursion; to plunder or lay waste.
   [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Harsh  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Harsher (?); superl. Harshest.] [OE. harsk;
   akin  to  G.  harsch,  Dan.  harsk rancid, Sw. h\'84rsk; from the same
   source as E. hard. See Hard, a.]

   1.  Rough;  disagreeable; grating; esp.:(a) To the touch."Harsh sand."
   Boyle. (b) To the taste. "Berries harsh and crude." Milton. (c) To the
   ear. "Harsh din." Milton.

   2.  Unpleasant  and  repulsive to the sensibilities; austere; crabbed;
   morose; abusive; abusive; severe; rough.

     Clarence is so harsh, so blunt. Shak.

     Though harsh the precept, yet the charmed. Dryden.

   3.  (Painting, Drawing, etc.) Having violent contrasts of color, or of
   light and shade; lacking in harmony.


   Harsh"ly, adv. In a harsh manner; gratingly; roughly; rudely.

     'T will sound harshly in her ears. Shak.


   Harsh"ness, n. The quality or state of being harsh.

     O,  she  is  Ten  times more gentle than her father 's crabbed, And
     he's composed of harshness. Shak.

     'Tis  not enough no harshness gives offense, The sound must seem an
     echo to the sense. Pope.

   Syn.  --  Acrimony;  roughness;  sternness;  asperity;  tartness.  See


   Hars"let (?), n. See Haslet.


   Hart  (?),  n.  [OE.hart,  hert,  heort, AS. heort, heorot; akin to D.
   hert,  OHG. hiruz, hirz, G. hirsch, Icel. hj\'94rtr, Dan. & Sw. hjort,
   L.  cervus,  and prob. to Gr.Horn.] (Zo\'94l.) A stag; the male of the
   red deer. See the Note under Buck.

     Goodliest of all the forest, hart and hind. Milton.


   Hart"beest` (?), n. [D. hertebeest. See Hart, and Beast.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   large  South  African  antelope (Alcelaphus caama), formerly much more
   abundant  than it is now. The face and legs are marked with black, the
   rump with white. [Written also hartebeest, and hartebest.]


   Hart"en  (?),  v.  t.  To  hearten;  to  encourage;  to incite. [Obs.]


   Hart"ford  (?), n. The Hartford grape, a variety of grape first raised
   at  Hartford,  Connecticut,  from  the  Northern  fox grape. Its large
   dark-colored berries ripen earlier than those of most other kinds.

                                 Harts clover

   Hart"s` clo`ver (?). (Bot.) Melilot or sweet clover. See Melilot.


   Hart's`-ear`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  An  Asiatic  species  of  Cacalia  (C.
   Kleinia), used medicinally in India.


   Harts"horn` (?), n.

   1. The horn or antler of the hart, or male red deer.

   2. Spirits of hartshorn (see below); volatile salts.
   Hartshorn  plantain  (Bot.),  an  annual species of plantain (Plantago
   Coronopus);  -- called also duck's-horn. Booth. -- Hartshorn shavings,
   originally  taken from the horns of harts, are now obtained chiefly by
   planing down the bones of calves. They afford a kind of jelly. Hebert.
   --  Salt  of  hartshorn (Chem.), an impure solid carbonate of ammonia,
   obtained  by the destructive distillation of hartshorn, or any kind of
   bone;  volatile  salts.  Brande & C.-- Spirits of hartshorn (Chem.), a
   solution  of  ammonia in water; -- so called because formerly obtained
   from   hartshorn   shavings   by   destructive  distillation.  Similar
   ammoniacal solutions from other sources have received the same name.

   Page 673


   Hart"-tongue`  (?), n. (Bot.) (a) A common British fern (Scolopendrium
   vulgare),  rare  in  America.  (b)  A West Indian fern, the Polypodium
   Phyllitidis of Linn\'91us. It is also found in Florida.


   Hart"wort`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  coarse  umbelliferous plant of Europe
   (Tordylium maximum).

     NOTE: &hand; The name is often vaguely given to other plants of the
     same order, as species of Seseli and Bupleurum.


   Har"um-scar"um (?), a. [Cf. hare,v. t., and scare, v. t.] Wild; giddy;
   flighty; rash; thoughtless. [Colloq.]

     They   had   a  quarrel  with  Sir  Thomas  Newcome's  own  son,  a
     harum-scarum lad. Thackeray.


   Ha*rus`pi*ca"tion (?), n. See Haruspicy. Tylor.


   Ha*rus"pice  (?), n. [F., fr. L. haruspex.] A diviner of ancient Rome.
   Same as Aruspice.


   Ha*rus"pi*cy (?), n. The art or practices of haruspices. See Aruspicy.


   Har"vest (?), n. [OE. harvest, hervest, AS. h\'91rfest autumn; akin to
   LG.  harfst,  D.  herfst,  OHG.  herbist,  G.  herbst, and prob. to L.
   carpere to pluck, Gr. Carpet.]

   1.  The gathering of a crop of any kind; the ingathering of the crops;
   also,  the  season of gathering grain and fruits, late summer or early

     Seedtime and harvest . . . shall not cease. Gen viii. 22.

     At harvest, when corn is ripe. Tyndale.

   2. That which is reaped or ready to be reaped or gath

     Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Joel iii. 13.

     To glean the broken ears after the man That the main harvest reaps.

   3. The product or result of any exertion or labor; gain; reward.

     The pope's principal harvest was in the jubilee. Fuller.

     The harvest of a quiet eye. Wordsworth.

   Harvest  fish  (Zo\'94l.), a marine fish of the Southern United States
   (Stromateus  alepidotus);  -- called whiting in Virginia. Also applied
   to  the  dollar fish. -- Harvest fly (Zo\'94l.), an hemipterous insect
   of the genus Cicada, often called locust. See Cicada. -- Harvest lord,
   the  head  reaper  at  a  harvest.  [Obs.]  Tusser.  --  Harvest  mite
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  minute  European mite (Leptus autumnalis), of a bright
   crimson color, which is troublesome by penetrating the skin of man and
   domestic  animals;  --  called also harvest louse, and harvest bug. --
   Harvest  moon,  the  moon  near  the  full  at  the time of harvest in
   England,  or  about the autumnal equinox, when, by reason of the small
   angle  that  is  made  by  the moon's orbit with the horizon, it rises
   nearly at the same hour for several days. -- Harvest mouse (Zo\'94l.),
   a  very small European field mouse (Mus minutus). It builds a globular
   nest  on  the  stems  of  wheat and other plants. -- Harvest queen, an
   image  pepresenting  Ceres,  formerly carried about on the last day of
   harvest. Milton. -- Harvest spider. (Zo\'94l.) See Daddy longlegs.


   Har"vest,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Harvested; p. pr. & vb. n. Harvesting.]
   To reap or gather, as any crop.


   Har"vest*er (?), n.

   1.  One  who  harvests;  a  machine for cutting and gathering grain; a

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A harvesting ant.


   Har"vest-home" (?), n.

   1.  The  gathering  and  bringing  home  of  the  harvest; the time of

     Showed like a stubble land at harvest-home. Shak.

   2.  The  song  sung  by  reapers at the feast made at the close of the
   harvest; the feast itself. Dryden.

   3.  A  service  of  thanksgiving,  at  harvest  time, in the Church of
   England and in the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States.

   4. The opportunity of gathering treasure. Shak.


   Har"vest-ing,  a. & n., from Harvest, v. t. Harvesting ant (Zo\'94l.),
   any  species  of  ant which gathers and stores up seeds for food. Many
   species are known.

     NOTE: &hand; The species found in Southern Europe and Palestine are
     Aphenogaster  structor  and  A.  barbara;  that  of  Texas,  called
     agricultural  ant, is Pogonomyrmex barbatus or Myrmica molifaciens;
     that  of  Florida  is  P.  crudelis.  See  Agricultural  ant, under


   Har"vest*less,   a.   Without   harvest;  lacking  in  crops;  barren.
   "Harvestless autumns." Tennyson.


   Har"vest*man (?), n.; pl. Harvestmen (. /def>

   1. A man engaged in harvesting. Shak.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) See Daddy longlegs, 1.


   Har"vest*ry  (?),  n.  The  act  of  harvesting;  also,  that which is
   harvested. Swinburne.


   Har"y  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf. OF. harier to harass, or E. harry, v. t.] To
   draw; to drag; to carry off by vio [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Has (?), 3d pers. sing. pres. of Have.


   Has"ard (?), n. Hazard. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hase (?), v. t. [Obs.] See Haze, v. t.


   Hash  (?),  n. [Formerly hachey, hachee, F. hachis, hacher to hash; of
   German  origin;  cf.  G.  hippe  sickle,  OHG.  hippa, for happia. Cf.

   1. That which is hashed or chopped up; meat and vegetables, especially
   such as have been already cooked, chopped into small pieces and mixed.

   2. A new mixture of old matter; a second preparation or exhibition.

     I  can  not  bear  elections,  and still less the hash of them over
     again in a first session. Walpole.


   Hash,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hashed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hashing.] [From
   Hash, n.: cf. F. hacher to hash.] To as, to hash meat. Hudibras.

                               Hasheesh, Hashish

   Hash"eesh,  Hash"ish  (?),  n.  [Ar. hash\'c6sh.] A slightly acrid gum
   resin  produced  by the common hemp (Cannabis saltiva), of the variety
   Indica,  when  cultivated  in  a  warm  climate; also, the tops of the
   plant,  from  which  the resinous product is obtained. It is narcotic,
   and  has  long  been used in the East for its intoxicating effect. See
   Bhang, and Ganja.


   Hask  (?),  n. [See Hassock.] A basket made of rushes or flags, as for
   carrying fish. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Has"let (?), n. [F. h\'83telettes broil, for hastelettes, fr. F. haste
   spit;  cf.  L.  hasta spear, and also OHG. harst gridiron.] The edible
   viscera,  as  the  heart,  liver,  etc.,  of  a  beast, esp. of a hog.
   [Written also harslet.]


   Hasp  (?),  n.  [OE.  hasp,  hesp,  AS.  h\'91pse;  akin  to G. haspe,
   h\'84spe, Sw. & Dan. haspe, Icel. hespa.]

   1.  A clasp, especially a metal strap permanently fast at one end to a
   staple  or  pin, while the other passes over a staple, and is fastened
   by a padlock or a pin; also, a metallic hook for fastening a door.

   2. A spindle to wind yarn, thread, or silk on.

   3. An instrument for cutting the surface of grass land; a scarifier.


   Hasp,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Hasped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hasping.] [AS.
   h\'91psian.] To shut or fasten with a hasp.


   Has"sock  (?),  n.  [Scot. hassock, hassik, a besom, anything bushy, a
   large,  round  turf used as a seat, OE. hassok sedgy ground, W. hesgog
   sedgy, hesg sedge, rushes; cf. Ir. seisg, and E. sedge.]

   1. A rank tuft of bog grass; a tussock. Forby.

   2. A small stuffed cushion or footstool, for kneeling on in church, or
   for home use.

     And knees and hassocks are well nigh divorced. Cowper.


     Hast  (?),  2d  pers.  sing.  pres.  of.  Fave,  contr.  of havest.

                               Hastate, Hastated

     Has"tate  (?),  Has"ta*ted,  a.  [L. hastatus, fr. hasta spear. Cf.
     Gad,  n.]  Shaped  like the head of a halberd; triangular, with the
     basal angles or lobes spreading; as, a hastate leaf.


     Haste (?), n. [OE. hast; akin to D. haast, G., Dan., Sw., & OFries.
     hast,  cf.  OF. haste, F. h\'83te (of German origin); all perh. fr.
     the root of E. hate in a earlier sense of, to pursue. See Hate.]

     1.  Celerity  of motion; speed; swiftness; dispatch; expedition; --
     applied only to voluntary beings, as men and other animals.

     The king's business required haste. 1 Sam. xxi. 8.

     2. The state of being urged or pressed by business; hurry; urgency;
     sudden excitement of feeling or passion; precipitance; vehemence.

     I said in my haste, All men are liars. Ps. cxvi. 11.

   To  make  haste,  to  hasten.  Syn.  --  Speed; quickness; nimbleness;
   swiftness;   expedition;  dispatch;  hurry;  precipitance;  vehemence;
   precipitation.   --  Haste,  Hurry,  Speed,  Dispatch.  Haste  denotes
   quickness of action and a strong desire for getting on; hurry includes
   a  confusion and want of collected thought not implied in haste; speed
   denotes  the  actual progress which is made; dispatch, the promptitude
   and  rapidity  with  which  things  are done. A man may properly be in
   haste, but never in a hurry. Speed usually secures dispatch.


   Haste, v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Hasted; p. pr. & vb. n. Hasting.] [OE.
   hasten;  akin  to  G.  hasten,  D. haasten, Dan. haste, Sw. hasta, OF.
   haster, F. h\'83ter. See Haste, n.] To hasten; to hurry. [Archaic]

     I 'll haste the writer. Shak.

     They were troubled and hasted away. Ps. xlviii. 5.


   Has"ten  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Hastened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hastening  (?).]  To  press;  to drive or urge forward; to push on; to
   precipitate; to accelerate the movement of; to expedite; to hurry.

     I would hasten my escape from the windy storm. Ps. lv. 8.


   Has"ten,  v.  i.  To  move  celerity;  to  be  rapid in motion; to act
   speedily or quickly; to go quickly.

     I hastened to the spot whence the noise came. D


   Has"ten*er (?), n.

   1. One who hastens.

   2.  That  which  hastens;  especially,  a  stand or reflector used for
   confining the heat of the fire to meat while roasting before it.


   Has"tif   (?),  a.  [OF.  See  Hastive.]  Hasty.  [Obs.]  Chaucer.  --
   Has"tif*ly, adv. [Obs.]


   Has"tile (?), a. [L. hasta a spear.] (Bot.) Same as Hastate. Gray.


   Has"ti*ly (?), adv. [From Hasty.]

   1. In haste; with speed or quickness; speedily; nimbly.

   2. Without due reflection; precipitately; rashly.

     We hastily engaged in the war. Swift.

   3. Passionately; impatiently. Shak.


   Has"ti*ness,   n.   The  quality  or  state  of  being  hasty;  haste;
   precipitation; rashness; quickness of temper.


   Has"tings  (?),  n.  pl.  [From  Haste, v.] Early fruit or vegetables;
   especially, early pease. Mortimer.

                                Hastings sands

   Has"tings   sands"  (?).  (Geol.)  The  lower  group  of  the  Wealden
   formation;  --  so  called  from  its  development around Hastings, in
   Sussex, England.


   Has"tive (?), a. [OF. hastif. See Haste, n., and cf. Hastif.] Forward;
   early; -- said of fruits. [Obs.]


   Has"ty  (?),  a.  [Compar. Hastier (?); superl. Hastiest.] [Akin to D.
   haastig, G., Sw., & Dan. hastig. See Haste, n.]

   1. Involving haste; done, made, etc., in haste; as, a hasty sketch.

   2.   Demanding   haste  or  immediate  action.  [R.]  Chaucer.  "Hasty
   employment." Shak.

   3.  Moving or acting with haste or in a hurry; hurrying; hence, acting
   without deliberation; precipitate; rash; easily excited; eager.

   4.  Made  or  reached without deliberation or due caution; as, a hasty
   conjecture, inference, conclusion, etc., a hasty resolution.


   Proceeding from, or indicating, a quick temper. 

     Take no unkindness of his hasty words. Shak

   6.  Forward;  early; first ripe. [Obs.] "As the hasty fruit before the
   summer." Is. xxviii. 4.

                                 Hasty pudding

   Has"ty pud"ding (?).

   1.  A  thick  batter  pudding made of Indian meal stirred into boiling
   water; mush. [U. S.]

   2.  A batter or pudding made of flour or oatmeal, stirred into boiling
   water or milk. [Eng.]


   Hat (?), a. Hot. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hat, sing. pres. of Hote to be called. Cf. Hatte. [Obs.] "That one hat
   abstinence." Piers Plowman.


   Hat  (?),  n.  [AS. h\'91t, h\'91tt; akin to Dan. hat, Sw. hatt, Icel.
   hattr  a hat, h\'94ttr hood, D. hoed hat, G. hut, OHG. huot, and prob.
   to  L. cassis helmet. Hood.] A covering for the head; esp., one with a
   crown  and  brim,  made of various materials, and worn by men or women
   for  protecting the head from the sun or weather, or for ornament. Hat
   block,  a block on which hats are formed or dressed. -- To pass around
   the hat, to take up a collection of voluntary contributions, which are
   often received in a hat. [Collog.] Lowell.


   Hat"a*ble  (?),  a. [From Hate.] Capable of being, or deserving to be,
   hated; odious; detestable.


   Hat"band`  (?),  n. A band round the crown of a hat; sometimes, a band
   of black cloth, crape, etc., worn as a badge of mourning.


   Hat"box` (?), n. A box for a hat.


   Hatch (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hatched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hatching.]
   [F. hacher to chop, hack. See Hash.]

   1. To cross with lines in a peculiar manneHatching.

     Shall win this sword, silvered and hatched. Chapman.

     Those hatching strokes of the pencil. Dryden.

   2. To cross; to spot; to stain; to steep. [Obs.]

     His weapon hatched in blood. Beau. & Fl.


   Hatch, v. t. [OE. hacchen, hetchen; akin to G. hecken, Dan. hekke; cf.
   MHG.  hagen  bull;  perh.  akin  to  E.  hatch  a half door, and orig.
   meaning, to produce under a hatch.

   1.  To  produce,  as  young,  from an egg or eggs by incubation, or by
   artificial  heat;  to  produce  young  from (eggs); as, the young when
   hatched. Paley.

     As the partridge sitteth on eggs, and hatcheth them not. Jer. xvii.

     For  the  hens  do  not sit upon the eggs; but by keeping them in a
     certain  equal  heat they [the husbandmen] bring life into them and
     hatch them. Robynson (More's Utopia).

   2.  To  contrive or plot; to form by meditation, and bring into being;
   to  originate and produce; to concoct; as, to hatch mischief; to hatch
   heresy. Hooker.

     Fancies hatched In silken-folded idleness. Tennyson.


   Hatch, v. i. To produce young; -- said of eggs; to come forth from the
   egg; -- said of the young of birds, fishes, insects, etc.


   Hatch, n.

   1. The act of hatching.

   2. Development; disclosure; discovery. Shak.

   3. The chickens produced at once or by one incubation; a brood.


   Hatch,  n. [OE. hacche, AS. h\'91c, cf. haca the bar of a door, D. hek
   gate,  Sw.  h\'84ck coop, rack, Dan. hekke manger, rack. Prob. akin to
   E. hook, and first used of something made of pieces fastened together.
   Cf. Heck, Hack a frame.]

   1.  A  door  with  an opening over it; a half door, sometimes set with
   spikes on the upper edge.

     In at the window, or else o'er the hatch. Shak.

   2. A frame or weir in a river, for catching fish.

   3. A flood gate; a a sluice gate. Ainsworth.

   4. A bedstead. [Scot.] Sir W. Scott.

   5.  An  opening  in the deck of a vessel or floor of a warehouse which
   serves as a passageway or hoistway; a hatchway; also; a cover or door,
   or one of the covers used in closing such an opening.

   6. (Mining) An opening into, or in search of, a mine.
   Booby  hatch,  Buttery  hatch,  Companion hatch, etc. See under Booby,
   Buttery, etc. -- To batten down the hatches (Naut.), to lay tarpaulins
   over them, and secure them with battens. -- To be under hatches, to be
   confined  below  in  a  vessel;  to  be  under  arrest, or in slavery,
   distress, etc.


   Hatch, v. t. To close with a hatch or hatches.

     'T were not amiss to keep our door hatched. Shak


   Hatch"-boat`  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  A  vessel  whose deck consists almost
   wholly of movable hatches; -- used mostly in the fisheries.


   Hatch"el  (?;  277),  n.  [OE.  hechele,  hekele; akin to D. hekel, G.
   hechel,  Dan. hegle, Sw. h\'84kla, and prob. to E. hook. See Hook, and
   cf.  Hackle,  Heckle.]  An  instrument  with  long iron teeth set in a
   board, for cleansing flax or hemp from the tow, hards, or coarse part;
   a kind of large comb; -- called also hackle and heckle.


   Hatch"el,  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hatcheled or Hatchelled (; p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Hatcheling  or  Hatchelling.]  [OE.  hechelen, hekelen; akin to D.
   hekelen, G. hecheln, Dan. hegle, Sw. h\'84kla. See Hatchel, n.]

   1.  To  draw through the teeth of a hatchel, as flax or hemp, so as to
   separate the coarse and refuse parts from the fine, fibrous parts.

   2. To tease; to worry; to torment. [Colloq.]


   Hatch"el*er (?), n. One who uses a hatchel.


   Hatch"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who  hatches, or that which hatches; a hatching apparatus; an

   2. One who contrives or originates; a plotter.

     A great hatcher and breeder of business. Swift.


   Hatch"er*y (?), n. A house for hatching fish, etc.


   Hatch"et (?), n. [F. hachette, dim. of hache Hatch, Hash.]

   1. A small ax with a short handle, to be used with one hand.

   2. Specifically, a tomahawk.

     Buried was the bloody hatchet. Longfellow.

   Page 674

   Hatchet  face,  a thin, sharp face, like the edge of a hatchet; hence:
   Hatchet-faced,  sharp-visaged. Dryden. -- To bury the hatchet, to make
   peace  or  become  reconciled.  --  To take up the hatchet, to make or
   declare war. The last two phrases are derived from the practice of the
   American Indians. <--

                                  Hatchet man

   Hatchet  man 1. A person hired to murder or physically attack another;
   a  hit  man. 2. A person who deliberately tries to ruin the reputation
   of  another,  often  unscrupulously,  by  slander  or  other malicious
   communication, often with political motive, and sometimes for pay. -->

                           Hatchettine, Hatchettite

   Hatch"et*tine  (?), Hatch"et*tite (?), n. [Named after the discoverer,
   Charles Hatchett.] (Min.) Mineral t


   Hatch"ing,  n.  [See  1st  Hatch.]  A  mode of execution in engraving,
   drawing, and miniature painting, in which shading is produced by lines
   crossing  each  other  at  angles  more  or less acute; -- called also


   Hatch"ment (?), n. [Corrupt. fr. achievement.]

   1.  (Her.)  A  sort of panel, upon which the arms of a deceased person
   are temporarily displayed, -- usually on the walls of his dwelling. It
   is  lozenge-shaped  or  square,  but is hung cornerwise. It is used in
   England  as  a means of giving public notification of the death of the
   deceased,  his  or  her  rank,  whether  married, widower, widow, etc.
   Called also achievement.

     His obscure funeral; No trophy, sword, or hatchment o'er his bones.

   2. A sword or other mark of the profession of arms; in general, a mark
   of dignity.

     Let  there  be  deducted,  out  of our main potation, Five marks in
     hatchments to adorn this thigh. Beau. & Fl.


   Hatch"ure (?; 135), n. Same as Hachure.


   Hatch"way`  (?),  n.  A  square  or oblong opening in a deck or floor,
   affording passage from one deck or story to another; the entrance to a


   Hate  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Hated; p. pr. & pr. & vb. n. Hating.]
   [OE.  haten,  hatien, AS. hatian; akin to OS. hatan, hat to be hostile
   to,  D.  haten  to hate, OHG. hazz, hazz, G. hassen, Icel. & Sw. hata,
   Dan. hade, Goth. hatan, hatian. . Cf. Hate, n., Heinous.]

   1.  To have a great aversion to, with a strong desire that evil should
   befall  the  person  toward  whom  the feeling is directed; to dislike
   intensely; to detest; as, to hate one's enemies; to hate hypocrisy.

     Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer. 1 John iii. 15.

   2.  To  be very unwilling; followed by an infinitive, or a substantive
   clause  with that; as, to hate to get into debt; to hate that anything
   should be wasted.

     I hate that he should linger here. Tennyson.

   3.  (Script.) To love less, relatively. Luke xiv. 26. Syn. -- To Hate,
   Abhor,  Detest,  Abominate,  Loathe.  Hate  is  the  generic word, and
   implies  that  one  is inflamed with extreme dislike. We abhor what is
   deeply  repugnant  to  our  sensibilities  or feelings. We detest what
   contradicts  so  utterly  our  principles and moral sentiments that we
   feel  bound  to  lift  up our voice against it. What we abominate does
   equal  violence  to our moral and religious sentiments. What we loathe
   is  offensive  to  our  own nature, and excites unmingled disgust. Our
   Savior  is  said  to  have  hated  the  deeds of the Nicolaitanes; his
   language  shows that he loathed the lukewarmness of the Laodiceans; he
   detested  the  hypocrisy of the scribes and Pharisees; he abhorred the
   suggestions of the tempter in the wilderness.


   Hate,  n.  [OE.  hate, hete, AS. hete; akin to D. haat, G. hass, Icel.
   hatr,  SW.  hat,  Dan. had, Goth. hatis. Cf. Hate, v.] Strong aversion
   coupled with desire that evil should befall the person toward whom the
   feeling  is  directed;  as  exercised  toward things, intense dislike;
   hatred; detestation; -- opposed to love.

     For in a wink the false love turns to hate. Tennyson.


   Hate"ful (?), a.

   1. Manifesting hate or hatred; malignant; malevolent. [Archaic or R.]

     And  worse  than  death,  to  view  with  hateful  eyes His rival's
     conquest. Dryden.

   2. Exciting or deserving great dislike, aversion, or disgust; odious.

     Unhappy, wretched, hateful day! Shak.

   Syn.   --   Odious;   detestable;  abominable;  execrable;  loathsome;
   abhorrent;    repugnant;   malevolent.   --   Hate"ful*ly,   adv.   --
   Hate"ful*ness, n.


   Hat"el (?), a. Hateful; detestable. [Obs.]


   Hat"er (?), n. One who hates.

     An enemy to God, and a hater of all good. Sir T. Browne.


   Hath  (?),  3d pers. sing. pres. of Have, contracted from haveth. Has.


   Hat"less (?), a. Having no hat.


   Hat"rack` (?), n. A hatstand; hattree.


   Ha"tred  (?),  n.  [OE.  hatred, hatreden. See Hate, and cf. Kindred.]
   Strong  aversion;  intense  dislike;  hate;  an  affection of the mind
   awakened  by  something  regarded  as  evil.  Syn. -- Odium; ill will;
   enmity;  hate; animosity; malevolence; rancor; malignity; detestation;
   loathing; abhorrence; repugnance; antipathy. See Odium.


   Hat"stand`  (?),  n.  A stand of wood or iron, with hooks or pegs upon
   which to hang hats, etc.


   Hat`te  (?), pres. & imp. sing. & pl. of Hote, to be called. See Hote.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.

     A full perilous place, purgatory it hatte. Piers Plowman.


   Hat"ted (?), a. Covered with a hat.


   Hat"ter  (?),  v.  t.  [Prov.  E.,  to  entangle;  cf. LG. verhaddern,
   verheddern, verhiddern.] To tire or worry; -- out. [Obs.] Dryden.


   Hat"ter, n. One who makes or sells hats.


   Hat*te"ri*a  (?),  n. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) A New Zealand lizard, which, in
   anatomical  character, differs widely from all other existing lizards.
   It  is  the only living representative of the order Rhynchocephala, of
   which   many  Mesozoic  fossil  species  are  known;  --  called  also
   Sphenodon, and Tuatera.


   Hat"ting (?), n. The business of making hats; also, stuff for hats.


   Hat"ti-sher`if  (?),  n.  [Turk.,  fr. Ar. knatt a writing + sher\'c6f
   noble.] A irrevocable Turkish decree countersigned by the sultan.


   Hat"tree` (?), n. A hatstand.


   Hau*ber"ge*on (?), n. See Habergeon.


   Hau"berk (?), n. [OF. hauberc, halberc, F.haubert, OHG. halsberc; hals
   neck  +  bergan  to  protect, G. bergen; akin to AS. healsbeorg, Icel.
   h\'belsbj\'94rg.  See  Collar,  and  Bury,  v.  t.]  A  coat  of mail;
   especially,  the  long  coat  of  mail of the European Middle Ages, as
   contrasted   with  the  habergeon,  which  is  shorter  and  sometimes
   sleeveless.  By  old  writers  it  is  often  used  synonymously  with
   habergeon.  See  Habergeon.  [Written  variously  hauberg,  hauberque,
   hawberk, etc.] Chaucer.

     Helm, nor hawberk's twisted mail. Gray.


   Hau"er*ite  (?),  n. [Named after Von Hauer, of Vienna.] (Min.) Native
   sulphide of manganese a reddish brown or brownish black mineral.


   Haugh  (?),  n. [See Haw a hedge.] A low-lying meadow by the side of a
   river. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

     On a haugh or level plain, near to a royal borough. Sir W. Scott.


   Haught  (?),  a. [See Haughty.] High; elevated; hence, haughty; proud.
   [Obs.] Shak.


   Haugh"ti*ly (?), adv. [From Haughty.] In a haughty manner; arrogantly.


   Haugh"ti*ness, n. [For hauteinness. See Haughty.] The quality of being
   haughty;    disdain;    arrogance.   Syn.   --   Arrogance;   disdain;
   contemptuousness;   superciliousness;   loftiness.   --   Haughtiness,
   Arrogance,  Disdain.  Haughtiness  denotes the expression of conscious
   and  proud  superiority; arrogance is a disposition to claim for one's
   self more than is justly due, and enforce it to the utmost; disdain in
   the   exact  reverse  of  condescension  toward  inferiors,  since  it
   expresses  and  desires  others  to  feel  how  far below ourselves we
   consider  them.  A  person  is  haughty  in  disposition and demeanor;
   arrogant  in  his  claims  of homage and deference; disdainful even in
   accepting  the deference which his haughtiness leads him arrogantly to


   Haugh"ty,   a.  [Compar.  Haughtier  (?);  superl.  Haughtiest.]  [OE.
   hautein,  F.  hautain, fr. haut high, OF. also halt, fr. L. altus. See

   1. High; lofty; bold. [Obs. or Archaic]

     To measure the most haughty mountain's height. Spenser.

     Equal unto this haughty enterprise. Spenser

   2. Disdainfully or contemptuously proud; arrogant; overbearing.

     A woman of a haughty and imperious nature. Clarendon.

   3. Indicating haughtiness; as, a haughty carriage.

     Satan,  with  vast  and  haughty  strides  advanced, Came towering.


   Haul  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Hauled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hauling.]
   [OE.  halen,  halien,  F. geholian to acquire, get, D. halen to fetch,
   pull,  draw, OHG. hol, hal, G. holen, Dan. hale to haul, Sw. hala, and
   to  L. calare to call, summon, Gr. Hale, v. t., Claim. Class, Council,

   1. To pull or draw with force; to drag.

     Some dance, some haul the rope. Denham.

     Thither they bent, and hauled their ships to land. Pope.

     Romp-loving miss Is hauled about in gallantry robust. Thomson.

   2.  To  transport by drawing, as with horses or oxen; as, to haul logs
   to a sawmill.

     When  I  was  seven  or eight years of age, I began hauling all the
     wood used in the house and shops. U. S. Grant.

   To  haul  over the coals. See under Coal. -- To haul the wind (Naut.),
   to  turn  the head of the ship nearer to the point from which the wind


   Haul, v. i.

   1.  (Naut.) To change the direction of a ship by hauling the wind. See
   under Haul, v. t.

     I . . . hauled up for it, and found it to be an island. Cook.

   2. To pull apart, as oxen sometimes do when yoked.
   To  haul around (Naut.), to shift to any point of the compass; -- said
   of  the  wind.  -- To haul off (Naut.), to sail closer to the wind, in
   order  to  get farther away from anything; hence, to withdraw; to draw
   back.<--  haul off (b), to get ready (usu. for violent action) -- used
   with "and" -- "hauled off and punched him on the nose" -->


   Haul, n.

   1. A pulling with force; a violent pull.

   2. A single draught of a net; as, to catch a hundred fish at a haul.

   3.  That  which  is  caught, taken, or gained at once, as by hauling a

   4.  Transportation  by hauling; the distance through which anything is
   hauled, as freight in a railroad car; as, a long haul or short haul.

   5. (Rope Making) A bundle of about four hundred threads, to be tarred.


   Haul"age (?), n. Act of hauling; as, the haulage of cars by an engine;
   charge for hauling.


   Haul"er (?), n. One who hauls.


   Haulm  (,  n.  [OE. halm, AS. healm; akin to D., G., Dan., & Sw. halm,
   Icel.  h\'belmr,  L.  calamus reed, cane, stalk, Gr. Excel, Culminate,
   Culm,  Shawm,  Calamus.]  The denuded stems or stalks of such crops as
   buckwheat and the cereal grains, beans, etc.; straw.


   Haulm, n. A part of a harness; a hame.


   Hauls (?), n. [Obs.] See Hals.


   Haulse (?), v. [Obs.] See Halse.


   Hault  (?),  a.  [OF.  hault,  F.  haut. See Haughty.] Lofty; haughty.

     Through support of countenance proud and hault. Spenser.


   Haum (?), n. See Haulm, stalk. Smart.


   Haunce (?), v. t. To enhance. [Obs.] Lydgate.


   Haunch  (?;  277),  n.  [F.  hanche, of German origin; cf. OD. hancke,
   hencke, and also OHG. ancha; prob. not akin to E. ankle.]

   1.  The  hip; the projecting region of the lateral parts of the pelvis
   and the hip joint; the hind part.

   2. Of meats: The leg and loin taken together; as, a haunch of venison.
   Haunch  bone. See Innominate bone, under Innominate. -- Haunches of an
   arch  (Arch.),  the  parts  on each side of the crown of an arch. (See
   Crown,  n., 11.) Each haunch may be considered as from one half to two
   thirds of the half arch.
   Haunched (?), a. Having haunches. 


   Haunt  (?;  277),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Haunted;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Haunting.]  [F. hanter; of uncertain origin, perh. from an assumed LL.
   ambitare  to  go  about,  fr.  L.  ambire (see Ambition); or cf. Icel.
   heimta to demand, regain, akin to heim home (see Home). &root;36.]

   1.  To  frequent;  to resort to frequently; to visit pertinaciously or
   intrusively; to intrude upon.

     You wrong me, sir, thus still to haunt my house. Shak.

     Those cares that haunt the court and town. Swift.

   2.  To  inhabit  or  frequent  as  a  specter;  to visit as a ghost or

     Foul spirits haunt my resting place. Fairfax.

   3. To practice; to devote one's self to. [Obs.]

     That  other  merchandise that men haunt with fraud . . . is cursed.

     Leave honest pleasure, and haunt no good pastime. Ascham.

   4. To accustom; to habituate. [Obs.]

     Haunt thyself to pity. Wyclif.


   Haunt, v. i. To persist in staying or visiting.

     I've charged thee not to haunt about my doors. Shak.


   Haunt, n.

   1.  A  place to which one frequently resorts; as, drinking saloons are
   the haunts of tipplers; a den is the haunt of wild beasts.

     NOTE: &hand; In  Ol d En glish th e pl ace occupied by any one as a
     dwelling or in his business was called a haunt.

     NOTE: Often used figuratively.

     The household nook, The haunt of all affections pure. Keble.

     The feeble soul, a haunt of fears. Tennyson.

   2. The habit of resorting to a place. [Obs.]

     The haunt you have got about the courts. Arbuthnot.

   3. Practice; skill. [Obs.]

     Of clothmaking she hadde such an haunt. Chaucer.


   Haunt"ed,  a.  Inhabited by, or subject to the visits of, apparitions;
   frequented by a ghost.

     All  houses  wherein  men  have  lived and died Are haunted houses.


   Haunt"er (?), n. One who, or that which, haunts.


   Hau"ri*ent (?), a. [L. hauriens, p. pr. of haurire to breathe.] (Her.)
   In  pale,  with the head in chief; -- said of the figure of a fish, as
   if rising for air.


   Hau"sen (?), n. [G.] (Zo\'94l.) A large sturgeon (Acipenser huso) from
   the  region of the Black Sea. It is sometimes twelve feet long.<-- syn
   =  Huso  huso,  and  also  called Beluga. Provides the highest quality
   caviar -->


   Hausse  (?),  n.  [F.]  (Gun.)  A kind of graduated breech sight for a
   small arm, or a cannon.


   Haus`tel*la"ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  haustellum, fr. L. haurire,
   haustum,  to  draw  water,  to  swallow.  See  Exhaust.] (Zo\'94l.) An
   artificial  division  of  insects,  including all those with a sucking


   Haus"tel*late  (?),  a.  [See Haustellata.] (Zo\'94l.) Provided with a
   haustellum, or sucking proboscis. -- n. One of the Haustellata.


   Haus*tel"lum  (?), n.; pl. Haustella (#). [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) The sucking
   proboscis of various insects. See Lepidoptera, and Diptera.


   Haus*to"ri*um  (?),  n.;  pl.  Haustoria  (#).  [LL.,  a  well, fr. L.
   haurire,  haustum, to drink.] (Bot.) One of the suckerlike rootlets of
   such plants as the dodder and ivy. R. Brown.


   Haut  (?),  a.  [F.  See  Haughty.] Haughty. [Obs.] "Nations proud and
   haut." Milton.


   Haut"boy (?), n. [F. hautbois, lit., high wood; haut high + bois wood.
   So  called  on  account  of  its high tone. See Haughty, Bush; and cf.

   1.  (Mus.)  A  wind instrument, sounded through a reed, and similar in
   shape  to  the  clarinet,  but  with a thinner tone. Now more commonly
   called oboe. See Illust. of Oboe.

   2. (Bot.) A sort of strawberry (Fragaria elatior).


   Haut"boy*ist  (-&icr;st),  n.  [Cf. F. hautbo\'8bste.] A player on the


   Hau"tein (?), a. [See Haughty.]

   1. Haughty; proud. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. High; -- said of the voice or flight of birds. [Obs.]


   Hau`teur"  (?), n. [F., fr. haut high. See Haughty.] Haughty manner or
   spirit; haughtiness; pride; arrogance.


   Haut`go\'96t" (?), n. [F.] High relish or flavor; high seasoning.


   Haut`pas"  (?),  n.  [F.  haut  high + pas step.] A raised part of the
   floor  of  a  large room; a platform for a raised table or throne. See

   Page 675


   Ha"\'81y*nite (?), n. [From the French mineralogist Ha\'81y.] (Min.) A
   blue isometric mineral, characteristic of some volcani


   Ha*van"a (?), a. Of or pertaining to Havana, the capital of the island
   of  Cuba; as, an Havana cigar; -- formerly sometimes written Havannah.
   -- n. An Havana cigar.

     Young  Frank  Clavering  stole  his  father's  Havannahs, and . . .
     smoked them in the stable. Thackeray.


   Hav`an*ese" (?), a. Of or pertaining to Havana, in Cuba. -- n. sing. &
   pl. A native or inhabitant, or the people, of Havana.


   Have  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Had (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Having. Indic.
   present,  I  have,  thou hast, he has; we, ye, they have.] [OE. haven,
   habben,  AS.  habben  (imperf. h\'91fde, p. p. geh\'91fd); akin to OS.
   hebbian, D. hebben, OFries, hebba, OHG. hab, G. haben, Icel. hafa, Sw.
   hafva,  Dan.  have,  Goth.  haban,  and  prob. to L. habere, whence F.
   avoir. Cf. Able, Avoirdupois, Binnacle, Habit.]

   1. To hold in possession or control; to own; as, he has a farm.

   2. To possess, as something which appertains to, is connected with, or
   affects, one.

     The earth hath bubbles, as the water has. Shak.

     He had a fever late. Keats.

   3. To accept possession of; to take or accept.

     Break thy mind to me in broken English; wilt thou have me? Shak.

   4. To get possession of; to obtain; to get. Shak.

   5.  To  cause  or  procure  to  be; to effect; to exact; to desire; to

     It had the church accurately described to me. Sir W. Scott.

     Wouldst thou have me turn traitor also? Ld. Lytton.

   6. To bear, as young; as, she has just had a child.

   7. To hold, regard, or esteem.

     Of them shall I be had in honor. 2 Sam. vi. 22.

   8.  To  cause  or  force  to  go; to take. "The stars have us to bed."
   Herbert. "Have out all men from me." 2 Sam. xiii. 9.

   9.  To  take  or  hold  (one's  self);  to  proceed  promptly; -- used
   reflexively,  often  with  ellipsis  of the pronoun; as, to have after
   one; to have at one or at a thing, i. e., to aim at one or at a thing;
   to attack; to have with a companion. Shak.

   10.  To be under necessity or obligation; to be compelled; followed by
   an infinitive.

     Science  has, and will long have, to be a divider and a separatist.
     M. Arnold.

     The laws of philology have to be established by external comparison
     and induction. Earle.

   11. To understand.

     You have me, have you not? Shak.

   12.  To put in an awkward position; to have the advantage of; as, that
   is where he had him. [Slang]

     NOTE: &hand; Ha ve, as  an  au xiliary ve rb, is used with the past
     participle  to form preterit tenses; as, I have loved; I shall have
     eaten.   Originally  it  was  used  only  with  the  participle  of
     transitive  verbs,  and denoted the possession of the object in the
     state indicated by the participle; as, I have conquered him, I have
     or  hold  him in a conquered state; but it has long since lost this
     independent  significance, and is used with the participles both of
     transitive  and  intransitive verbs as a device for expressing past
     time.  Had  is used, especially in poetry, for would have or should

     Myself for such a face had boldly died. Tennyson.

   To have a care, to take care; to be on one's guard. -- To have (a man)
   out,  to engage (one) in a duel. -- To have done (with). See under Do,
   v.  i.  --  To  have  it out, to speak freely; to bring an affair to a
   conclusion.  --  To have on, to wear. -- To have to do with. See under
   Do, v. t. Syn. -- To possess; to own. See Possess.


   Have"less, a. Having little or nothing. [Obs.] Gower.


   Hav"e*lock (?), n. [From Havelock, an English general distinguished in
   India  in  the rebellion of 1857.] A light cloth covering for the head
   and neck, used by soldiers as a protection from sunstroke.


   Ha"ven  (?), n. [AS. h\'91fene; akin to D. & LG. haven, G. hafen, MNG.
   habe,  Dan.  havn, Icel. h\'94fn, Sw. hamn; akin to E. have, and hence
   orig.,  a  holder; or to heave (see Heave); or akin to AS. h\'91f sea,
   Icel. & Sw. haf, Dan. hav, which is perh. akin to E. heave.]

   1.  A bay, recess, or inlet of the sea, or the mouth of a river, which
   affords anchorage and shelter for shipping; a harbor; a port.

     What shipping and what lading's in our haven. Shak.

     Their haven under the hill. Tennyson.

   2. A place of safety; a shelter; an asylum. Shak.

     The haven, or the rock of love. Waller.


   Ha"ven, v. t. To shelter, as in a haven. Keats.


   Ha"ven*age (?), n. Harbor dues; port dues.


   Ha"vened (?), p. a. Sheltered in a haven.

     Blissful havened both from joy and pain. Keats.


   Ha"ven*er (?), n. A harbor master. [Obs.]


   Ha"ver (?), n. A possessor; a holder. Shak.


   Hav"er,  n. [D. haver; akin to G. haber.] The oat; oats. [Prov. Eng. &
   Scot.]  Haver  bread,  oaten  bread.  -- Haver cake, oaten cake. Piers
   Plowman. -- Haver grass, the wild oat. -- Haver meal, oatmeal.


   Ha"ver  (?), v. i. [Etymol. uncertain.] To maunder; to talk foolishly;
   to chatter. [Scot.] Sir W. Scott.


   Hav"er*sack  (?), n. [F. havresac, G. habersack, sack for oats. See 2d
   Haver, and Sack a bag.]

   1. A bag for oats or oatmeal. [Prov. Eng.]

   2.  A  bag or case, usually of stout cloth, in which a soldier carries
   his rations when on a march; -- distinguished from knapsack.

   3.  A  gunner's  case or bag used carry cartridges from the ammunition
   chest to the piece in loading.


   Ha*ver"sian  (?),  a. Pertaining to, or discovered by, Clopton Havers,
   an  English  physician  of  the  seventeenth century. Haversian canals
   (Anat.),  the  small  canals through which the blood vessels ramify in


   Hav`il*dar"  (?),  n.  In the British Indian armies, a noncommissioned
   officer  of  native  soldiers,  corresponding  to a sergeant. Havildar
   major, a native sergeant major in the East Indian army.


   Hav"ing (?), n. Possession; goods; estate.

     I 'll lend you something; my having is not much. Shak.


   Hav"ior  (?),  n.  [OE.  havour,  a  corruption of OF. aveir, avoir, a
   having,  of  same  origin  as  E.  aver  a work horse. The h is due to
   confusion with E. have.] Behavior; demeanor. [Obs.] Shak.


   Hav"oc (?), n. [W. hafog devastation, havoc; or, if this be itself fr.
   E.  havoc,  cf.  OE.  havot,  or  AS.  hafoc hawk, which is a cruel or
   rapacious  bird,  or  F. hai, voux! a cry to hounds.] Wide and general
   destruction; devastation; waste.

     As for Saul, he made havoc of the church. Acts viii. 3.

     Ye gods, what havoc does ambition make Among your works! Addison.


   Hav"oc, v. t. To devastate; to destroy; to lay waste.

     To waste and havoc yonder world. Milton.


   Hav"oc,  interj.  [See  Havoc,  n.]  A  cry  in  war as the signal for
   indiscriminate slaughter. Toone.

     Do  not  cry  havoc, where you should but hunt With modest warrant.

     Cry 'havoc,' and let slip the dogs of war! Shak.


   Haw  (?),  n.  [OE.  hawe,  AS.  haga; akin to D. haag headge, G. hag,
   hecke, Icel. hagi pasture, Sw. hage, Dan. have garden. Haggard, Ha-ha,
   Haugh, Hedge.]

   1. A hedge; an inclosed garden or yard.

     And eke there was a polecat in his haw. Chaucer.

   2. The fruit of the hawthorn. Bacon.


   Haw,  n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Anat.) The third eyelid, or nictitating
   membrane. See Nictitating membrane, under Nictitate.


   Haw,  n.  [Cf. ha an interjection of wonder, surprise, or hesitation.]
   An  intermission  or  hesitation of speech, with a sound somewhat like
   haw! also, the sound so made. "Hums or haws." Congreve.


   Haw,  v. i. To stop, in speaking, with a sound like haw; to speak with
   interruption and hesitation.

     Cut it short; don't prose -- don't hum and haw. Chesterfield.


   Haw,  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Hawed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hawing.] [Written
   also  hoi.]  [Perhaps  connected  with  here, hither; cf., however, F.
   huhau,  hue,  interj.  used  in turning a horse to the right, G. hott,
   h\'81,  interj. used in calling to a horse.] To turn to the near side,
   or  toward  the  driver;  --  said of cattle or a team: a word used by
   teamsters   in  guiding  their  teams,  and  most  frequently  in  the
   imperative.  See  Gee.  To haw and gee, OR To haw and gee about, to go
   from  one  thing  to  another  without good reason; to have no settled
   purpose; to be irresolute or unstable. [Colloq.]


   Haw,  v.  t.  To cause to turn, as a team, to the near side, or toward
   the  driver;  as, to haw a team of oxen. To haw and gee, OR To haw and
   gee  about, to lead this way and that at will; to lead by the nose; to
   master or control. [Colloq.]


   Ha*wai"ian  (?), a. Belonging to Hawaii or the Sandwich Islands, or to
   the people of Hawaii. -- n. A native of Hawaii.


   Hawe"bake`  (?),  n.  Probably,  the baked berry of the hawthorn tree,
   that is, coarse fare. See 1st Haw, 2. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Haw"finch`   (?),   n.   (Zo\'94l.)   The   common  European  grosbeak
   (Coccothraustes vulgaris); -- called also cherry finch, and coble.


   Haw-haw" (?), n. [Duplication of haw a hedge.] See Ha-ha.


   Haw*haw", v. i. [Of imitative origin.] To laugh boisterously. [Colloq.
   U. S.]

     We  haw-haw'd,  I  tell you, for more than half an hour. Major Jack


   Hawk  (?),  n.  [OE. hauk (prob. fr. Icel.), havek, AS. hafoc, heafoc;
   akin  to  D.  havik,  OHG. habuh, G. habicht, Icel. haukr, Sw. h\'94k,
   Dan.  h\'94g,  prob.  from  the  root  of E. heave.] (Zo\'94l.) One of
   numerous   species  and  genera  of  rapacious  birds  of  the  family
   Falconid\'91.  They  differ  from  the  true  falcons  in  lacking the
   prominent  tooth and notch of the bill, and in having shorter and less
   pointed wings. Many are of large size and grade into the eagles. Some,
   as  the goshawk, were formerly trained like falcons. In a more general
   sense  the word is not infrequently applied, also, to true falcons, as
   the sparrow hawk, pigeon hawk, duck hawk, and prairie hawk.

     NOTE: &hand; Am ong th e common American species are the red-tailed
     hawk  (Buteo  borealis);  the  red-shouldered  (B.  lineatus);  the
     broad-winged  (B.  Pennsylvanicus);  the  rough-legged  (Archibuteo
     lagopus);   the  sharp-shinned  Accipiter  fuscus).  See  Fishhawk,
     Goshawk, Marsh hawk, under Marsh, Night hawk, under Night.

   Bee  hawk  (Zo\'94l.),  the  honey  buzzard.  -- Eagle hawk. See under
   Eagle.  --  Hawk  eagle  (Zo\'94l.),  an  Asiatic  bird  of  the genus
   Spiz\'91tus,  or  Limn\'91tus,  intermediate  between  the  hawks  and
   eagles. There are several species. -- Hawk fly (Zo\'94l.), a voracious
   fly  of  the  family Asilid\'91. See Hornet fly, under Hornet. -- Hawk
   moth.  (Zo\'94l.)  See  Hawk  moth,  in  the  Vocabulary. -- Hawk owl.
   (Zo\'94l.) (a) A northern owl (Surnia ulula) of Europe and America. It
   flies  by day, and in some respects resembles the hawks. (b) An owl of
   India (Ninox scutellatus). -- Hawk's bill (Horology), the pawl for the
   rack, in the striking mechanism of a clock.


   Hawk (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Hawked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hawking.]

   1.  To catch, or attempt to catch, birds by means of hawks trained for
   the purpose, and let loose on the prey; to practice falconry.

     A falconer Henry is, when Emma hawks. Prior.

   2.  To  make  an  attack  while on the wing; to soar and strike like a
   hawk; -- generally with at; as, to hawk at flies. Dryden.

     A  falcon,  towering  in  her  pride of place, Was by a mousing owl
     hawked at and killed. Shak.


   Hawk,  v.  i. [W. hochi.] To clear the throat with an audible sound by
   forcing  an  expiratory  current  of  air  through  the narrow passage
   between  the  depressed  soft  palate and the root of the tongue, thus
   aiding in the removal of foreign substances.


   Hawk, v. t. To raise by hawking, as phlegm.


   Hawk,  n.  [W.  hoch.]  An  effort to force up phlegm from the throat,
   accompanied with noise.


   Hawk,  v.  t.  [Akin to D. hauker a hawker, G. h\'94ken, h\'94cken, to
   higgle,  to  retail,  h\'94ke,  h\'94ker,  a  higgler,  huckster.  See
   Huckster.]  To  offer  for  sale  by  outcry  in  the street; to carry
   (merchandise)  about  from  place to place for sale; to peddle; as, to
   hawk goods or pamphlets.

     His works were hawked in every street. Swift.


   Hawk,  n. (Masonry) A small board, with a handle on the under side, to
   hold  mortar. Hawk boy, an attendant on a plasterer to supply him with


   Hawk"bill`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata),
   which yields the best quality of tortoise shell; -- called also caret.


   Hawk"bit` (?), n. (Bot.) The fall dandelion (Leontodon autumnale).


   Hawked (?), a. Curved like a hawk's bill; crooked.


   Hawk"er  (?),  n.  One  who  sells wares by crying them in the street;
   hence, a peddler or a packman.


   Hawk"er, v. i. To sell goods by outcry in the street. [Obs.] Hudibras.


   Hawk"er, n. [Cf. AS. hafecere. See 1st Hawk.] A falconer.


   Hawk"ey (?), n. See Hockey. Holloway.


   Hawk"-eyed` (?), a. Having a keen eye; sharpsighted; discerning.

                                   Hawk moth

   Hawk"  moth` (?; 115). (Zo\'94l.) Any moth of the family Sphingid\'91,
   of  which  there  are  numerous  genera  and  species. They are large,
   handsome  moths,  which fly mostly at twilight and hover about flowers
   like  a  humming  bird,  sucking the honey by means of a long, slender
   proboscis.  The  larv\'91  are large, hairless caterpillars ornamented
   with green and other bright colors, and often with a caudal spine. See
   Sphinx, also Tobacco worm, and Tomato worm.

   CAPTION: Tobacco Ha wk Mo th (M acrosila Carolina), and its Larva, the
   Tobacco Worm.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e larv\'91 of several species of hawk moths feed on
     grapevines. The elm-tree hawk moth is Ceratomia Amyntor.


   Hawk"weed`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) (a) A plant of the genus Hieracium; -- so
   called  from  the  ancient belief that birds of prey used its juice to
   strengthen  their  vision.  (b)  A  plant  of  the  genus  Senecio (S.
   hieracifolius). Loudon.


   Hawm (?), n. See Haulm, straw.


   Hawm,  v.  i.  [Etymol. uncertain.] To lounge; to loiter. [Prov. Eng.]


   Hawse (?; 277), n. [Orig. a hawse hole, or hole in the ship; cf. Icel.
   hals,  h\'bels,  neck, part of the bows of a ship, AS. heals neck. See
   Collar, and cf. Halse to embrace.]

   1. A hawse hole. Harris.

   2.  (Naut.)  (a)  The  situation of the cables when a vessel is moored
   with two anchors, one on the starboard, the other on the port bow. (b)
   The  distance  ahead  to which the cables usually extend; as, the ship
   has a clear or open hawse, or a foul hawse; to anchor in our hawse, or
   athwart  hawse. (c) That part of a vessel's bow in which are the hawse
   holes for the cables.
   Athwart  hawse. See under Athwart. -- Foul hawse, a hawse in which the
   cables  cross  each  other, or are twisted together. -- Hawse block, a
   block  used to stop up a hawse hole at sea; -- called also hawse plug.
   --  Hawse  hole,  a  hole  in the bow of a ship, through which a cable
   passes. -- Hawse piece, one of the foremost timbers of a ship, through
   which  the  hawse  hole  is  cut.  --  Hawse plug. Same as Hawse block
   (above).  -- To come in at the hawse holes, to enter the naval service
   at  the  lowest  grade.  [Cant] -- To freshen the hawse, to veer out a
   little more cable and bring the chafe and strain on another part.

   Page 676


   Haws"er  (?),  n. [From F. hausser to hausser\'82e towpath, towing, F.
   haussi\'8are  hawser), LL. altiare, fr. L. altus high. See Haughty.] A
   large rope made of three strands each containing many yarns.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ree ha wsers tw isted together make a cable; but it
     nautical  usage  the  distinction between cable and hawser is often
     one of size rather than of manufacture.

   Hawser iron, a calking iron.


   Haws"er-laid`  (?), a. Made in the manner of a hawser. Cf. Cable-laid,
   and see Illust. of Cordage.


   Haw"thorn` (?), n. [AS. hagaborn, h\'91g. See Haw a hedge, and Thorn.]
   (Bot.)  A  thorny  shrub  or tree (the Crat\'91gus oxyacantha), having
   deeply lobed, shining leaves, small, roselike, fragrant flowers, and a
   fruit  called  haw.  It  is  much  used  in Europe for hedges, and for
   standards  in  gardens.  The American hawthorn is Crat\'91gus cordata,
   which has the leaves but little lobed.

     Gives not the hawthorn bush a sweeter shade To shepherds? Shak.


   Hay (?), n. [AS. hege: cf. F. haie, of German origin. See Haw a hedge,

   1. A hedge. [Obs.]

   2.  A  net  set around the haunt of an animal, especially of a rabbit.
   To dance the hay, to dance in a ring. Shak.


   Hay, v. i. To lay snares for rabbits. Huloet.


   Hay,  n.  [OE.  hei, AS. h; akin to D. kooi, OHG. hewi, houwi, G. heu,
   Dan.  & Sw. h\'94, Icel. hey, ha, Goth. hawi grass, fr. the root of E.
   hew. See Hew to cut. ] Grass cut and cured for fodder.

     Make hay while the sun shines. Camden.

     Hay may be dried too much as well as too little. C. L. Flint.

   Hay  cap,  a canvas covering for a haycock. -- Hay fever (Med.), nasal
   catarrh  accompanied  with  fever,  and  sometimes  with  paroxysms of
   dyspn\'d2a, to which some persons are subject in the spring and summer
   seasons.  It has been attributed to the effluvium from hay, and to the
   pollen  of certain plants. It is also called hay asthma, hay cold, and
   rose  fever.  -- Hay knife, a sharp instrument used in cutting hay out
   of  a stack or mow. -- Hay press, a press for baling loose hay. -- Hay
   tea,  the  juice of hay extracted by boiling, used as food for cattle,
   etc.  --  Hay tedder, a machine for spreading and turning newmown hay.
   See Tedder.


   Hay, v. i. To cut and cure grass for hay.


   Hay"bird`  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The European spotted flycatcher. (b)
   The European blackcap.


   Hay"bote`  (?), n. [See Hay hedge, and Bote, and cf. Hedgebote.] (Eng.
   Law.)  An  allowance  of  wood to a tenant for repairing his hedges or
   fences; hedgebote. See Bote. Blackstone.


   Hay"cock` (?), n. A conical pile or hear of hay in the field.

     The tanned haycock in the mead. Milton.


   Hay"-cut`ter  (?),  n.  A  machine  in  which hay is chopped short, as
   fodder for cattle.


   Hay"field` (?), n. A field where grass for hay has been cut; a meadow.


   Hay"fork`  (?), n. A fork for pitching and tedding hay. Horse hayfork,
   a contrivance for unloading hay from the cart and depositing it in the
   loft, or on a mow, by horse power.


   Hay"loft` (?; 115), n. A loft or scaffold for hay.


   Hay"mak`er (?), n.

   1. One who cuts and cures hay.

   2. A machine for curing hay in rainy weather.


   Hay"mak`ing,  n.  The operation or work of cutting grass and curing it
   for hay.


   Hay"mow` (?), n.

   1. A mow or mass of hay laid up in a barn for preservation.

   2. The place in a barn where hay is deposited.


   Hay"rack`  (?), n. A frame mounted on the running gear of a wagon, and
   used in hauling hay, straw, sheaves, etc.; -- called also hay rigging.


   Hay"rake`  (?), n. A rake for collecting hay; especially, a large rake
   drawn by a horse or horses.


   Hay"rick  (?),  n.  A heap or pile of hay, usually covered with thatch
   for preservation in the open air.


   Hay"stack` (?), n. A stack or conical pile of hay in the open air.


   Hay"stalk` (?), n. A stalk of hay.


   Hay"thorn` (?), n. Hawthorn. R. Scot.


   Hay"ti*an  (?),  a.  Of  pertaining to Hayti. -- n. A native of Hayti.
   [Written also Haitian.]


   Hay"ward  (?), n. [Hay a hedge + ward.] An officer who is appointed to
   guard  hedges,  and to keep cattle from breaking or cropping them, and
   whose further duty it is to impound animals found running at large.


   Haz"ard  (?),  n.  [F.  hazard,  Sp.  azar  an  unforeseen disaster or
   accident,  an  unfortunate  card or throw at dice, prob. fr. Ar. zahr,
   z\'ber,  a  die,  which,  with  the article al the, would give azzahr,

   1. A game of chance played with dice. Chaucer.

   2.  The uncertain result of throwing a die; hence, a fortuitous event;
   chance; accident; casualty.

     I will stand the hazard of the die. Shak.

   3.  Risk; danger; peril; as, he encountered the enemy at the hazard of
   his reputation and life.

     Men  are led on from one stage of life to another in a condition of
     the utmost hazard. Rogers

   4.  (Billiards Holing a ball, whether the object ball (winning hazard)
   or the player's ball (losing hazard).

   5. Anything that is hazarded or risked, as the stakes in gaming. "Your
   latter hazard." Shak.
   Hazard  table,  a  a  table  on which hazard is played, or any game of
   chance  for  stakes.  --  To  ru,  to take the chance or risk. Syn. --
   Danger; risk; chance. See Danger.


   Haz"ard,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Hazarded; p. pr. & vb. Hazarding.] [Cf.
   F. hazarder. See Hazard, n.]

   1.  To  expose to the operation of chance; to put in danger of loss or
   injury; to venture; to risk.

     Men  hazard  nothing  by  a  course  of evangelical obedience. John

     He hazards his neck to the halter. Fuller.

   2. To venture to incur, or bring on.

     I hazarded the loss of whom I loved. Shak.

     They hazard to cut their feet. Landor.

   Syn. -- To venture; risk; jeopard; peril; endanger.


   Haz"ard  (?),  v.  i.  To try the chance; to encounter risk or danger.


   Haz"ard*a*ble (?), a.

   1. Liable to hazard or chance; uncertain; risky. Sir T. Browne.

   2. Such as can be hazarded or risked.


   Haz"ard*er (?), n.

   1. A player at the game of hazard; a gamester. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. One who hazards or ventures.


   Haz"ard*ize (?), n. A hazardous attempt or situation; hazard. [Obs.]

     Herself had run into that hazardize. Spenser.


   Haz"ard*ous  (?), a. [Cf. F. hasardeux.] Exposed to hazard; dangerous;

     To enterprise so hazardous and high! Milton.

   Syn.  --  Perilous; dangerous; bold; daring; adventurous; venturesome;
   precarious; uncertain. -- Haz"ard*ous*ly, adv. -- Haz"ard*ous*ness, n.


   Haz"ard*ry (?), n.

   1. Playing at hazard; gaming; gambling. [R.] Chaucer.

   2. Rashness; temerity. [R.] Spenser.


   Haze  (?),  n. [Cf. Icel. h\'94ss gray; akin to AS. hasu, heasu, gray;
   or  Armor.  a\'82zen,  \'82zen, warm vapor, exhalation, zephyr.] Light
   vapor  or  smoke  in  the  air which more or less impedes vision, with
   little  or  no  dampness;  a  lack  of transparency in the air; hence,
   figuratively, obscurity; dimness.

     O'er the sky The silvery haze of summer drawn. Tennyson.

     Above the world's uncertain haze. Keble.


   Haze, v. i. To be hazy, or tick with haze. Ray.


   Haze,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Hazed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hazing.] [Also
   haze.] [Cf. Sw. haza to hamstring, fr. has hough, OD. h\'91ssen ham.]

   1. To harass by exacting unnecessary, disagreeable, or difficult work.

   2.  To  harass or annoy by playing abusive or shameful tricks upon; to
   humiliate  by  practical  jokes; -- used esp. of college students; as,
   the sophomores hazed a freshman.


   Ha"zel  (?),  n.  [OE.  hasel,  AS.  h\'91sel; akin to D. hazelaar, G.
   hazel,  OHG.  hasal, hasala, Icel. hasl, Dan & Sw. hassel, L. corylus,
   for cosylus.]

   1.  (Bot.)  A  shrub  or  small  tree  of the genus Corylus, as the C.
   avellana,  bearing  a  nut  containing a kernel of a mild, farinaceous
   taste;  the  filbert.  The  American  species  are C. Americana, which
   produces the common hazelnut, and C. rostrata. See Filbert. Gray.

   2. A miner's name for freestone. Raymond.
   Hazel  earth,  soil  suitable  for the hazel; a fertile loam. -- Hazel
   grouse  (Zo\'94l.), a European grouse (Bonasa betulina), allied to the
   American  ruffed  grouse.  --  Hazel hoe, a kind of grub hoe. -- Witch
   hazel. See Witch-hazel, and Hamamelis.


   Ha"zel, a.

   1.  Consisting  of hazels, or of the wood of the hazel; pertaining to,
   or derived from, the hazel; as, a hazel wand.

     I sit me down beside the hazel grove. Keble.

   2.  Of a light brown color, like the hazelnut. "Thou hast hazel eyes."


   Haze"less (?), a. Destitute of haze. Tyndall.


   Ha"zel*ly  (?),  a.  Of  the  color of the hazelnut; of a light brown.


   Ha"zel*nut` (?), n. [AS. h\'91selhnutu.] The nut of the hazel. Shak.


   Ha"zel*wort` (?), n. (Bot.) The asarabacca.


   Ha"zi*ly (?), adv. In a hazy manner; mistily; obscurely; confusedly.


   Ha"zi*ness, n. The quality or state of being hazy.


   Ha"zle (?), v. t. To make dry; to dry. [Obs.]


   Ha"zy (?), a. [From Haze, n.]

   1.  Thick  with  haze;  somewhat  obscured  with  haze;  not  clear or
   transparent. "A tender, hazy brightness." Wordsworth.

   2.  Obscure;  confused;  not  clear;  as,  a  hazy  argument;  a  hazy
   intellect. Mrs. Gore.


   He  (?),  pron.  [nom.  He; poss. His (?); obj. Him (?); pl. nom. They
   (?);  poss.  Their or Theirs (; obj. Them (?).] [AS. h, masc., he\'a2,
   fem.,  hit, neut.; pl. h\'c6, or hie, hig; akin to Ofries. hi, D. hij,
   OS.  he,  hi,  G.  heute  to-day, Goth. himma, dat. masc., this, hina,
   accus.  masc.,  and  hita,  accus.  neut.,  and  prob. to L. his this.
   &root;183. Cf. It.]

   1. The man or male being (or object personified to which the masculine
   gender is assigned), previously designated; a pronoun of the masculine
   gender, usually referring to a specified subject already indicated.

     Thy  desire  shall  be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.
     Gen. iii. 16.

     Thou  shalt  fear  the Lord thy God; him shalt thou serve. Deut. x.

   2.  Any  one;  the  man  or  person; -- used indefinitely, and usually
   followed by a relative pronoun.

     He that walketh with wise men shall be wise. Prov. xiii. 20.

   3.  Man; a male; any male person; -- in this sense used substantively.

     I stand to answer thee, Or any he, the proudest of thy sort. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh en a  collective noun or a class is referred to, he
     is of common gender. In early English, he referred to a feminine or
     neuter  noun,  or  to  one in the plural, as well as to noun in the
     masculine singular. In composition, he denotes a male animal; as, a


   -head (?), suffix. A variant of -hood.


   Head (?), n. [OE. hed, heved, heaved, AS. he\'a0fod; akin to D. hoofd,
   OHG.  houbit,  G.  haupt, Icel. h\'94fu, Sw. hufvud, Dan. hoved, Goth.
   haubip.  The word does not corresponds regularly to L. caput head (cf.
   E. Chief, Cadet, Capital), and its origin is unknown.]

   1.  The  anterior or superior part of an animal, containing the brain,
   or  chief  ganglia of the nervous system, the mouth, and in the higher
   animals, the chief sensory organs; poll; cephalon.

   2.  The  uppermost,  foremost,  or most important part of an inanimate
   object;  such  a  part as may be considered to resemble the head of an
   animal;   often,  also,  the  larger,  thicker,  or  heavier  part  or
   extremity,  in  distinction  from the smaller or thinner part, or from
   the  point  or edge; as, the head of a cane, a nail, a spear, an ax, a
   mast,  a sail, a ship; that which covers and closes the top or the end
   of a hollow vessel; as, the head of a cask or a steam boiler.

   3.  The  place  where  the head should go; as, the head of a bed, of a
   grave,  etc.;  the  head of a carriage, that is, the hood which covers
   the head.

   4.  The  most prominent or important member of any organized body; the
   chief;  the  leader;  as, the head of a college, a school, a church, a
   state,  and  the  like.  "Their  princes  and heads." Robynson (More's

     The heads of the chief sects of philosophy. Tillotson.

     Your head I him appoint. Milton.

   5.  The  place or honor, or of command; the most important or foremost
   position;  the  front; as, the head of the table; the head of a column
   of soldiers.

     An  army of fourscore thousand troops, with the duke Marlborough at
     the head of them. Addison.

   6.  Each  one  among  many;  an  individual; -- often used in a plural
   sense; as, a thousand head of cattle.

     It  there be six millions of people, there are about four acres for
     every head. Graunt.

   7. The seat of the intellect; the brain; the understanding; the mental
   faculties; as, a good head, that is, a good mind; it never entered his
   head,  it did not occur to him; of his own head, of his own thought or

     Men who had lost both head and heart. Macaulay.

   8.  The  source,  fountain,  spring,  or  beginning, as of a stream or
   river; as, the head of the Nile; hence, the altitude of the source, or
   the  height of the surface, as of water, above a given place, as above
   an  orifice  at  which  it issues, and the pressure resulting from the
   height  or from motion; sometimes also, the quantity in reserve; as, a
   mill  or  reservoir  has a good head of water, or ten feet head; also,
   that part of a gulf or bay most remote from the outlet or the sea.

   9. A headland; a promontory; as, Gay Head. Shak.

   10. A separate part, or topic, of a discourse; a theme to be expanded;
   a subdivision; as, the heads of a sermon.

   11. Culminating point or crisis; hence, strength; force; height.

     Ere foul sin, gathering head, shall break into corruption. Shak.

     The  indisposition which has long hung upon me, is at last grown to
     such  a  head, that it must quickly make an end of me or of itself.

   12. Power; armed force.

     My lord, my lord, the French have gathered head. Shak.

   13.  A  headdress; a covering of the head; as, a laced head; a head of
   hair. Swift.

   14. An ear of wheat, barley, or of one of the other small cereals.

   15.  (Bot.)  (a)  A  dense  cluster of flowers, as in clover, daisies,
   thistles;  a  capitulum.  (b) A dense, compact mass of leaves, as in a
   cabbage or a lettuce plant.

   16. The antlers of a deer.

   17.  A  rounded  mass  of  foam  which rises on a pot of beer or other
   effervescing liquor. Mortimer.

   18. pl. Tiles laid at the eaves of a house. Knight.

     NOTE: &hand; He ad is  often used adjectively or in self-explaining
     combinations; as, head gear or headgear, head rest. Cf. Head, a.

   A  buck  of the first head, a male fallow deer in its fifth year, when
   it  attains its complete set of antlers. Shak. -- By the head. (Naut.)
   See  under  By.  -- Elevator head, Feed head, etc. See under Elevator,
   Feed,  etc.  --  From head to foot, through the whole length of a man;
   completely;  throughout.  "Arm me, audacity, from head to foot." Shak.
   --  Head  and  ears, with the whole person; deeply; completely; as, he
   was  head  and  ears  in  debt  or in trouble. [Colloq.] -- Head fast.
   (Naut.) See 5th Fast. -- Head kidney (Anat.), the most anterior of the
   three pairs of embryonic renal organs developed in most vertebrates --
   Head  money,  a  capitation  tax; a poll tax. Milton. -- Head pence, a
   poll tax. [Obs.] -- Head sea, a sea that meets the head of a vessel or
   rolls  against  her  course.  --  Head  and  shoulders.  (a) By force;
   violently;  as,  to drag one, head and shoulders. "They bring in every
   figure  of  speech,  head and shoulders." Felton. (b) By the height of
   the  head  and  shoulders;  hence, by a great degree or space; by far;
   much;  as,  he is head and shoulders above them. -- Head or tail, this
   side  or that side; this thing or that; -- a phrase used in throwing a
   coin  to  decide  a choice, guestion, or stake, head being the side of
   the  coin bearing the effigy or principal figure (or, in case there is
   no  head  or face on either side, that side which has the date on it),
   and  tail  the other side. -- Neither head nor tail, neither beginning
   nor end; neither this thing nor that; nothing distinct or definite; --
   a  phrase used in speaking of what is indefinite or confused; as, they
   made  neither  head  nor tail of the matter. [Colloq.] -- Head wind, a
   wind  that  blows  in a direction opposite the vessel's course. -- Out
   one's  own  head,  according  to  one's  own  idea;  without advice or
   co\'94peration  of another. Over the head of, beyond the comprehension
   of.  M.  Arnold.<--  go  over one's head = appeal to one's superior in
   line  of  command  -->  --  To be out of one's head, to be temporarily
   insane. -- To come or draw to a head. See under Come, Draw. -- To give
   (one) the head, OR To give head, to let go, or to give up, control; to
   free  from  restraint;  to  give  license. "He gave his able horse the
   head."  Shak.  "He  has so long given his unruly passions their head."
   South.  -- To his head, before his face. "An uncivil answer from a son
   to  a  father,  from  an  obliged person to a benefactor, is a greater
   indecency than if an enemy should storm his house or revile him to his
   head." Jer. Taylor. -- To lay heads together, to consult; to conspire.
   --  To  lose one's head, to lose presence of mind. -- To make head, OR
   To  make  head against, to resist with success; to advance. -- To show
   one's  head,  to  appear.  Shak.  -- To turn head, to turn the face or
   front. "The ravishers turn head, the fight renews." Dryden.
   Page 677


   Head  (?), a. Principal; chief; leading; first; as, the head master of
   a school; the head man of a tribe; a head chorister; a head cook.


   Head (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Headed; p. pr. & vb. n. Heading.]

   1. To be at the head of; to put one's self at the head of; to lead; to
   direct;  to act as leader to; as, to head an army, an expedition, or a
   riot. Dryden.

   2.  To  form  a  head to; to fit or furnish with a head; as, to head a
   nail. Spenser.

   3. To behead; to decapitate. [Obs.] Shak.

   4. To cut off the top of; to lop off; as, to head trees.

   5. To go in front of; to get in the front of, so as to hinder or stop;
   to oppose; hence, to check or restrain; as, to head a drove of cattle;
   to head a person; the wind heads a ship.

   6. To set on the head; as, to head a cask.
   To  head  off, to intercept; to get before; as, an officer heads off a
   thief  who  is escaping. -- To head up, to close, as a cask or barrel,
   by fitting a head to.


   Head, v. i.

   1. To originate; to spring; to have its

     A broad river, that heads in the great Blue Ridge. Adair.

   2.  To  go  or point in a certain direction; to tend; as, how does the
   ship head?

   3. To form a head; as, this kind of cabbage heads early.


   Head"ache`  (?),  n.  Pain  in the head; ceph "Headaches and shivering
   fits." Macaulay.


   Head"ach`y, a. Afflicted with headache. [Colloq.]


   Head"band` (?), n.

   1. A fillet; a band for the head. "The headbands and the tablets." Is.
   iii. 20.

   2. The band at each end of the back of a book.


   Head"beard`  (?), n. A board or boarding which marks or forms the head
   of anything; as, the headboard of a bed; the headboard of a grave.

                            Headborough, Headborrow

   Head"bor*ough (?), Head"bor*row n.

   1.  The  chief  of a frankpledge, tithing, or decennary, consisting of
   ten  families;  -- called also borsholder, boroughhead, boroughholder,
   and sometimes tithingman. See Borsholder. [Eng.] Blackstone.

   2. (Modern Law) A petty constable. [Eng.]


   Head"-cheese  (?), n. A dish made of portions of the head, or head and
   feet,  of  swine, cut up fine, seasoned, and pressed into a cheeselike


   Head"dress` (?), n.

   1. A covering or ornament for the head; a headtire.

     Among  birds  the  males  very  often  appear  in  a most beautiful
     headdress,  whether it be a crest, a comb, a tuft of feathers, or a
     natural little plume. Addison.

   2.  A  manner  of dressing the hair or of adorning it, whether with or
   without a veil, ribbons, combs, etc.


   Head"ed, a.

   1.   Furnished   with   a  head  (commonly  as  denoting  intellectual
   faculties);  --  used  in  composition; as, clear-headed, long-headed,
   thick-headed; a many-headed monster.

   2. Formed into a head; as, a headed cabbage.


   Head"er, n.

   1.  One  who, or that which, heads nails, rivets, etc., esp. a machine
   for heading.

   2.  One  who heads a movement, a party, or a mob; head; chief; leader.

   3.  (Arch.) (a) A brick or stone laid with its shorter face or head in
   the  surface  of  the wall. (b) In framing, the piece of timber fitted
   between  two trimmers, and supported by them, and carrying the ends of
   the tailpieces.

   4. A reaper for wheat, that cuts off the heads only.

   5.  A  fall  or  plunge headforemost, as while riding a bicycle, or in
   bathing; as, to take a header. [Colloq.]

                            Headfirst, Headforemost

   Head`first" (?), Head`fore"most` (?), adv. With the head foremost.


   Head`fish" (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The sunfish (Mola).

                            Head gear, OR Headgear

   Head" gear`, OR Head"gear` (, n.

   1. Headdress.

   2. Apparatus above ground at the mouth of a mine or deep well.


   Head"-hunt`er  (?),  n.  A  member of any tribe or race of savages who
   have  the  custom  of  decapitating  human beings and preserving their
   heads   as   trophies.   The  Dyaks  of  Borneo  are  the  most  noted
   head-hunters.  <--  2.  (fig.) an executive personnel recruiter --> --
   Head"-hunt`ing, n.


   Head"i*ly  (?),  adv.  In  a  heady  or  rash manner; hastily; rashly;


   Head"i*ness, n. The quality of being heady.


   Head"ing, n.

   1.  The  act or state of one who, or that which, heads; formation of a

   2. That which stands at the head; title; as, the heading of a paper.

   3. Material for the heads of casks, barrels, etc.

   4.  (Mining.)  A gallery, drift, or adit in a mine; also, the end of a
   drift or gallery; the vein above a drift.

   5. (sewing) The extension of a line ruffling above the line of stitch.

   6.  (Masonry) That end of a stone or brick which is presented outward.
   Heading  course  (Arch.),  a  course  consisting  only of headers. See
   Header,  n. 3 (a). -- Heading joint. (a) (Carp.) A joint, as of two or
   more  boards,  etc.,  at  right  angles  to the grain of the wood. (b)
   (Masonry) A joint between two roussoirs in the same course.


   Head"land (?), n.

   1.  A  cape;  a promontory; a point of land projecting into the sea or
   other expanse of water. "Sow the headland with wheat." Shak.

   2.  A  ridge  or  strip  of unplowed at the ends of furrows, or near a
   fence. Tusser.


   Head"less, a. [AS. he\'a0fodle\'a0s.]

   1. Having no head; beheaded; as, a headless body, neck, or carcass.

   2. Destitute of a chief or leader. Sir W. Raleigh.

   3.  Destitute  of understanding or prudence; foolish; rash; obstinate.
   [Obs.]<-- = mindless -->

     Witless  headiness  in judging or headless hardiness in condemning.


   Head"light`  (?),  n.  (Engin.)  A  light,  with a powerful reflector,
   placed  at the head of a locomotive, or in front of it, to throw light
   on the track at night, or in going through a dark tunnel.


   Head"line` (?), n.

   1. (Print.) The line at the head or top of a page.

   2. (Naut.) See Headrope.


   Head"long`  (?;  115),  adv.  [OE. hedling, hevedlynge; prob. confused
   with E. long, a. & adv.]

   1. With the head foremost; as, to fall headlong. Acts i. 18.

   2. Rashly; precipitately; without deliberation.

   3. Hastily; without delay or respite.


   Head"long, a.

   1. Rash; precipitate; as, headlong folly.

   2. Steep; precipitous. [Poetic]

     Like a tower upon a headlong rock. Byron.


   Head"-lugged`  (?),  a.  Lugged  or  dragged  by  the  head. [R.] "The
   head-lugged bear." Shak.


   Head"man`  (?),  n.;  pl.  Headmen  (#). [AS. he\'a0fodman.] A head or
   leading man, especially of a village community.

                         Headmold shot, Headmould shot

   Head"mold"  shot",  Head"mould`  shot" (?). (Med.) An old name for the
   condition  of  the  skull,  in which the bones ride, or are shot, over
   each other at the sutures. Dunglison.


   Head"most`  (?), a. Most advanced; most forward; as, the headmost ship
   in a fleet.


   Head"note`  (?),  n.  A  note at the head of a page or chapter; in law
   reports,  an  abstract  of a case, showing the principles involved and
   the opinion of the court.


   Head"pan` (?), n. [AS. he\'a0fodpanne.] The brainpan. [Obs.]


   Head"piece` (?), n.

   1. Head.

     In his headpiece he felt a sore pain. Spenser.

   2.  A  cap  of defense; especially, an open one, as distinguished from
   the closed helmet of the Middle Ages.

   3. Understanding; mental faculty.

     Eumenes  had  the  best  headpiece  of  all  Alexander's  captains.

   4. An engraved ornament at the head of a chapter, or of a page.


   Head"quar`ters  (?),  n.  pl.  [but  sometimes used as a n. sing.] The
   quarters or place of residence of any chief officer, as the general in
   command  of  an  army,  or  the head of a police force; the place from
   which  orders  or  instructions  are  issued;  hence,  the  center  of
   authority or order.

     The  brain,  which is the headquarters, or office, of intelligence.


   Head"race` (?), n. See Race, a water course.


   Head"Rome` (?), n. (Arch.) See Headway, 2.


   Head"rope`  (?),  n. (Naut.) That part of a boltrope which is sewed to
   the upper edge or head of a sail.


   Head"sail`  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  Any  sail  set forward of the foremast.


   Head`shake`  (?),  n.  A  significant shake of the head, commonly as a
   signal of denial. Shak.


   Head"ship, n. Authority or dignity; chief place.


   Heads"man  (?),  n; pl. Headsmen (. An executioner who cuts off heads.


   Head"spring` (?), n. Fountain; source.

     The headspring of our belief. Stapleton.


   Head"stall`  (?), n. That part of a bridle or halter which encompasses
   the head. Shak.


   Head"stock`  (?),  n. (Mach.) A part (usually separate from the bed or
   frame)  for  supporting  some  of  the  principal  working  parts of a
   machine;  as: (a) The part of a lathe that holds the revolving spindle
   and  its  attachments;  --  also  called  poppet  head,  the  opposite
   corresponding part being called a tailstock. (b) The part of a planing
   machine that supports the cutter, etc.


   Head"stone` (?), n.

   1. The principal stone in a foundation; the chief or corner stone. Ps.
   cxviii. 22.

   2. The stone at the head of a grave.


   Head"strong` (?; 115), a.

   1. Not easily restrained; ungovernable; obstinate; stubborn.

     Not let headstrong boy my will control. Dryden.

   2.  Directed  by  ungovernable  will,  or  proceeding  from obstinacy.
   Dryden. Syn. -- Violent; obstinate; ungovernable; unratable; stubborn;
   unruly; venturesome; heady.


   Head"strong`ness, n. Obstinacy. [R.] Gayton.


   Head"tire` (?), n.

   1. A headdress. "A headtire of fine linen." 1 Edras iii. 6.

   2. The manner of dressing the head, as at a particular time and place.


   Head"way` (?), n.

   1.  The  progress made by a ship in motion; hence, progress or success
   of any kind.

   2. (Arch.) Clear space under an arch, girder, and the like, sufficient
   to   allow   of   easy   passing   underneath.<--   =   clearance,  or
   headroom[Brit.] -->


   Head"work` (?), n. Mental labor.


   Head"y, a. [From Head.]

   1.  Willful;  rash;  precipitate;  hurried  on  by  will  or  passion;

     All the talent required is to be hot, to be heady, -- to be violent
     on one side or the other. Sir W. Temple.

   2. Apt to affect the head; intoxicating; strong.

     The liquor is too heady. Dryden.

   3. Violent; impetuous. "A heady currance." Shak.


   Heal,  v. t. [See Hele.] To cover, as a roof, with tiles, slate, lead,
   or the like. [Obs.]


   Heal,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Healed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Healing.] [OE.
   helen,  h\'91len, AS. h\'d6lan, fr. h\'bel hale, sound, whole; akin to
   OS. h&emac;lian, D. heelen, G. heilen, Goth. hailjan. See Whole.]

   1.  To  make  hale,  sound,  or whole; to cure of a disease, wound, or
   other derangement; to restore to soundness or health.

     Speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed. Matt. viii. 8.

   2.  To  remove or subdue; to cause to pass away; to cure; -- said of a
   disease or a wound.

     I will heal their backsliding. Hos. xiv. 4.

   3. To restore to original purity or integrity.

     Thus saith the Lord, I have healed these waters. 2 Kings ii. 21.

   4.  To  reconcile,  as  a breach or difference; to make whole; to free
   from guilt; as, to heal dissensions.


   Heal  (?),  v.  i.  To grow sound; to return to a sound state; as, the
   limb  heals,  or the wound heals; -- sometimes with up or over; as, it
   will heal up, or over.

     Those wounds heal ill that men do give themselves. Shak.


   Heal, n. [AS. h, h. See Heal, v. t.] Health. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Heal"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being healed.


   Heal"all`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A common herb of the Mint family (Brunela
   vulgaris),  destitute  of  active  properties, but anciently thought a


   Heald (?), n. [CF. Heddle.] A heddle. Ure.


   Heal"ful  (?),  a. Tending or serving to heal; healing. [Obs.] Ecclus.
   xv. 3.


   Heal"ing,  a.  Tending  to cure; soothing; mollifying; as, the healing
   art; a healing salve; healing words.

     Here healing dews and balms abound. Keble.


   Heal"ing*ly, adv. So as to heal or cure.


   Health  (?),  n.  [OE.  helthe,  AS.  hh\'bel  hale, sound, whole. See

   1.  The  state of being hale, sound, or whole, in body, mind, or soul;
   especially, the state of being free from physical disease or pain.

     There is no health in us. Book of Common Prayer.

     Though  health  may  be  enjoyed  without  gratitude, it can not be
     sported with without loss, or regained by courage. Buckminster.

   2. A wish of health and happiness, as in pledging a person in a toast.
   "Come, love and health to all." Shak.
   Bill  of  health.  See  under  Bill.  --  Health  lift,  a machine for
   exercise,  so  arranged  that  a person lifts an increasing weight, or
   moves  a  spring  of increasing tension, in such a manner that most of
   the  muscles  of  the  body  are  brought into gradual action; -- also
   called  lifting  machine.  --  Health  officer,  one  charged with the
   enforcement of the sanitary laws of a port or other place. -- To drink
   a health. See under Drink.


   Health"ful (?), a.

   1.  Full  of health; free from illness or disease; well; whole; sound;
   healthy; as, a healthful body or mind; a healthful plant.

   2.  Serving  to promote health of body or mind; wholesome; salubrious;
   salutary; as, a healthful air, diet.

     The healthful Spirit of thy grace. Book of Common Prayer.

   3.   Indicating,  characterized  by,  or  resulting  from,  health  or
   soundness; as, a healthful condition.

     A mind . . . healthful and so well-proportioned. Macaulay.

   4. Well-disposed; favorable. [R.]

     Gave healthful welcome to their shipwrecked guests. Shak.


   Health"ful*ly, adv. In health; wholesomely.


   Health"ful*ness, n. The state of being healthful.


   Health"i*ly (?), adv. In a healthy manner.


   Health"i*ness,  n.  The  state  of being healthy or healthful; freedom
   from disease.


   Health"less, n.

   1.  Without health, whether of body or mind; in firm. "A healthless or
   old age." Jer. Taylor.

   2. Not conducive to health; unwholesome. [R.]


   Health"less*ness, n. The state of being health


   Health"some, a. Wholesome; salubrious. [R.] "Healthsome air." Shak.


   Health"ward  (?),  a.  &  adv.  In  the  direction  of  health;  as, a
   healthward tendency.


   Health"y (?), a. [Compar. Healthier (?); superl. Healthiest.]

   1. Being in a state of health; enjoying health; hale; sound; free from
   disease; as, a healthy chid; a healthy plant.

     His mind was now in a firm and healthy state. Macaulay.

   2. Evincing health; as, a healthy pulse; a healthy complexion.

   3. Conducive to health; wholesome; salubrious; salutary; as, a healthy
   exercise;   a   healthy   climate.  Syn.  --  Vigorous;  sound;  hale;
   salubrious; healthful; wholesome; salutary.


   Heam (?), n. [Cf. AS. cidhamma womb, OD. hamme afterbirth, LG. hamen.]
   The afterbirth or secundines of a beast.


   Heap  (?),  n.  [OE. heep, heap, heap, multitude, AS. he\'a0p; akin to
   OS.  h,  D.  hoop, OHG. houf, h, G. haufe, haufen, Sw. hop, Dan. hob.,
   Icel.  h troop, flock, Russ. kupa heap, crowd, Lith. kaupas. Cf. Hope,
   in Forlorn hope.]

   1. A crowd; a throng; a multitude or great number of persons. [Now Low
   or Humorous]

     The wisdom of a heap of learned men. Chaucer.

     A heap of vassals and slaves. Bacon.

     He had heaps of friends. W.Black.

   2.  A  great  number or large quantity of things not placed in a pile.
   [Now Low or Humorous]

     A  vast  heap,  both  of  places  of  scripture and quotations. Bp.

     I have noticed a heap of things in my life. R. L. Stevenson.

   3.  A  pile  or mass; a collection of things laid in a body, or thrown
   together so as to form an elevation; as, a heap of earth or stones.

     Huge heaps of slain around the body rise. Dryden.

   <--  (Computer  programming)  The main segment of memory available for
   dynamic assignment -->


   Heap,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Heaped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Heaping.] [AS.

   1.  To  collect in great quantity; to amass; to lay up; to accumulate;
   -- usually with up; as, to heap up treasures.

     Though he heap up silver as the dust. Job. xxvii. 16.

   2.  To throw or lay in a heap; to make a heap of; to pile; as, to heap
   stones;  --  often  with  up; as, to heap up earth; or with on; as, to
   heap on wood or coal.

   Page 678

   3.  To form or round into a heap, as in measuring; to fill (a measure)
   more than even full.


   Heap"er (?), n. One who heaps, piles, or amasses.


   Heap"y (?), a. Lying in heaps. Gay.


   Hear  (, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Heard (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Hearing.] [OE.
   heren,  AS,. hi\'82ran, hran, hran; akin to OS. h, OFries. hera, hora,
   D.  hooren,  OHG. h, G. h\'94ren, Icel. heyra, Sw: h\'94ra, Dan. hore,
   Goth. hausjan, and perh. to Gr. acoustic. Cf. Hark, Hearken.]

   1.  To  perceive by the ear; to apprehend or take cognizance of by the
   ear; as, to hear sounds; to hear a voice; to hear one call.

     Lay  thine ear close to the ground, and list if thou canst hear the
     tread of travelers. Shak.

     He had been heard to utter an ominous growl. Macaulay.

   2.  To give audience or attention to; to listen to; to heed; to accept
   the  doctrines or advice of; to obey; to examine; to try in a judicial
   court;  as,  to  hear  a recitation; to hear a class; the case will be
   heard to-morrow.

   3.  To attend, or be present at, as hearer or worshiper; as, to hear a
   concert; to hear Mass.

   4. To give attention to as a teacher or judge.

     Thy  matters are good and right, but there is no man deputed of the
     king to hear thee. 2 Sam. xv. 3.

     I beseech your honor to hear me one single word. Shak.

   5.  To  accede  to  the  demand  or wishes of; to listen to and answer
   favorably; to favor.

     I love the Lord, because he hath heard my voice. Ps. cxvi. 1.

     They  think that they shall be heard for their much speaking. Matt.
     vi. 7.

   Hear  him.  See  Remark,  under Hear, v. i. -- To hear a bird sing, to
   receive private communication. [Colloq.] Shak. -- To hear say, to hear
   one say; to learn by common report; to receive by rumor. [Colloq.]


   Hear, v. i.

   1.  To  have  the  sense  or faculty of perceiving sound. "The Hearing
   ear." Prov. xx. 12.

   2.  To  use the power of perceiving sound; to perceive or apprehend by
   the ear; to attend; to listen.

     So spake our mother Eve, and Adam heard, Well pleased, but answered
     not. Milton.

   3.  To  be  informed  by  oral  communication;  to be told; to receive
   information by report or by letter.

     I have heard, sir, of such a man. Shak.

     I must hear from thee every day in the hour. Shak.

   To hear ill, to be blamed. [Obs.]

     Not  only  within  his own camp, but also now at Rome, he heard ill
     for his temporizing and slow proceedings. Holland.

   -- To hear well, to be praised. [Obs.]

     NOTE: &hand; He ar, or  He ar him, is often used in the imperative,
     especially in the course of a speech in English assemblies, to call
     attention to the words of the speaker.

     Hear  him,  .  .  .  a  cry  indicative,  according to the tone, of
     admiration, acquiescence, indignation, or derision. Macaulay.


   Heard (?), imp. & p. p. of Hear.


   Hear"er (?), n. One who hears; an auditor.


   Hear"ing, n.

   1.  The  act  or  power  of perceiving sound; perception of sound; the
   faculty or sense by which sound is perceived; as, my hearing is good.

     I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear. Job xlii. 5.

     NOTE: &hand; Hearing in a special sensation, produced by stimEar.

   2.  Attention to what is delivered; opportunity to be heard; audience;
   as, I could not obtain a hearing.

   3.  A listening to facts and evidence, for the sake of adjudication; a
   session of a court for considering proofs and determining issues.

     His last offenses to us Shall have judicious hearing. Shak.

     Another hearing before some other court. Dryden.

     NOTE: &hand; He aring, as  ap plied to equity cases, means the same
     thing that the word trial does at law.


   4.  Extent within which sound may be heard; sound; earshot. "She's not
   within hearing." Shak.

     They  laid  him  by  the  pleasant shore, And in the hearing of the
     wave. Tennyson.


   Heark"en  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Hearkened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hearkening.]  [OE.  hercnen,  hercnien,  AS.  hercnian, heorcnian, fr.
   hi\'82ran,  h,  to  hear;  akin  to  OD. harcken, horcken, LG. harken,
   horken, G. horchen. See Hear, and cf. Hark..]

   1.  To  listen; to lend the ear; to attend to what is uttered; to give
   heed; to hear, in order to obey or comply.

     The Furies hearken, and their snakes uncurl. Dryden.

     Hearken,  O Israel, unto the statutes and unto the judgments, which
     I teach you. Deut. iv. 1.

   2.  To  inquire;  to  seek  information.  [Obs.]  "Hearken after their
   offense."  Shak. Syn. -- To attend; listen; hear; heed. See Attend, v.


   Heark"en, v. t.

   1. To hear by listening. [Archaic]

     [She]  hearkened  now  and  then  Some  little  whispering and soft
     groaning sound. Spenser.

   2. To give heed to; to hear attentively. [Archaic]

     The King of Naples . . . hearkens my brother's suit. Shak.

   To hearken out, to search out. [Obs.]

     If you find none, you must hearken out a vein and buy. B. Johnson.


   Heark"en*er (?), n. One who hearkens; a listener.


   Hear"sal (?), n. Rehearsal. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Hear"say`  (?),  n.  Report; rumor; fame; common talk; something heard
   from another.

     Much  of  the  obloquy that has so long rested on the memory of our
     great  national  poet  originated in frivolous hearsays of his life
     and conversation. Prof. Wilson.

   Hearsay  evidence (Law), that species of testimony which consists in a
   a  narration by one person of matters told him by another. It is, with
   a few exceptions, inadmissible as testimony. Abbott.


   Hearse  (?),  n.  [Etymol.  uncertain.] A hind in the year of its age.
   [Eng.] Wright.


   Hearse (?), n. [See Herse.]

   1.  A  framework  of wood or metal placed over the coffin or tomb of a
   deceased  person,  and  covered  with a pall; also, a temporary canopy
   bearing  wax lights and set up in a church, under which the coffin was
   placed during the funeral ceremonies. [Obs.] Oxf. Gloss.

   2.   A   grave,   coffin,  tomb,  or  sepulchral  monument.  [Archaic]
   "Underneath this marble hearse." B. Johnson.

     Beside the hearse a fruitful palm tree grows. Fairfax

     Who lies beneath this sculptured hearse. Longfellow.

   3. A bier or handbarrow for conveying the dead to the grave. [Obs.]

     Set down, set down your honorable load, It honor may be shrouded in
     a hearse. Shak.

   4.  A carriage specially adapted or used for conveying the dead to the


   Hearse,  v.  t.  To  inclose in a hearse; to entomb. [Obs.] "Would she
   were hearsed at my foot." Shak.


   Hearse"cloth`  (?;  115),  n.  A cloth for covering a coffin when on a
   bier; a pall. Bp. Sanderson.


   Hearse"like" (?), a. Suitable to a funeral.

     If  you  listen  to David's harp, you shall hear as many hearselike
     airs as carols. Bacon.


   Heart  (?),  n.  [OE.  harte,  herte,  heorte, AS. heorte; akin to OS.
   herta,  OFies.  hirte, D. hart, OHG. herza, G. herz, Icel. hjarta, Sw.
   hjerta,  Goth.  ha\'a1rt, Lith. szirdis, Russ. serdtse, Ir. cridhe, L.
   cor, Gr. Accord, Discord, Cordial, 4th Core, Courage.]

   1.   (Anat.)   A   hollow,   muscular  organ,  which,  by  contracting
   rhythmically, keeps up the circulation of the blood.

     Why does my blood thus muster to my heart! Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; In   ad  ult ma  mmals an  d bi  rds, th  e he art is 
     four-chambered,  the  right  auricle and ventricle being completely
     separated  from the left auricle and ventricle; and the blood flows
     from the systematic veins to the right auricle, thence to the right
     ventricle,  from  which it is forced to the lungs, then returned to
     the  left  auricle, thence passes to the left ventricle, from which
     it is driven into the systematic arteries. See Illust. under Aorta.
     In  fishes  there  are but one auricle and one ventricle, the blood
     being  pumped  from  the ventricle through the gills to the system,
     and  thence  returned  to  the  auricle.  In  most  amphibians  and
     reptiles,  the  separation  of the auricles is partial or complete,
     and  in  reptiles  the  ventricles  also are separated more or less
     completely.  The  so-called lymph hearts, found in many amphibians,
     reptiles,  and  birds,  are  contractile sacs, which pump the lymph
     into the veins.

   2.  The  seat  of  the  affections  or  sensibilities, collectively or
   separately,  as love, hate, joy, grief, courage, and the like; rarely,
   the  seat  of  the  understanding or will; -- usually in a good sense,
   when  no  epithet  is  expressed;  the  better or lovelier part of our
   nature;  the spring of all our actions and purposes; the seat of moral
   life  and  character;  the  moral affections and character itself; the
   individual disposition and character; as, a good, tender, loving, bad,
   hard, or selfish heart.

     Hearts are dust, hearts' loves remain. Emerson.

   3.  The nearest the middle or center; the part most hidden and within;
   the inmost or most essential part of any body or system; the source of
   life  and  motion in any organization; the chief or vital portion; the
   center of activity, or of energetic or efficient action; as, the heart
   of a country, of a tree, etc.

     Exploits done in the heart of France. Shak.

     Peace subsisting at the heart Of endless agitation. Wordsworth.

   4. Courage; courageous purpose; spirit.

     Eve, recovering heart, replied. Milton.

     The expelled nations take heart, and when they fly from one country
     invade another. Sir W. Temple.

   5.  Vigorous  and  efficient  activity;  power  of fertile production;
   condition of the soil, whether good or bad.

     That the spent earth may gather heart again. Dryden.

   6.  That  which  resembles a heart in shape; especially, a roundish or
   oval  figure  or  object having an obtuse point at one end, and at the
   other   a   corresponding   indentation,   --  used  as  a  symbol  or
   representative of the heart.

   7.  One  of  a series of playing cards, distinguished by the figure or
   figures of a heart; as, hearts are trumps.

   8. Vital part; secret meaning; real intention.

     And then show you the heart of my message. Shak.

   9.  A term of affectionate or kindly and familiar address. "I speak to
   thee, my heart." Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; He art is  us ed in  many compounds, the most of which
     need  no  special explanation; as, heart-appalling, heart-breaking,
     heart-cheering,    heart-chilled,    heart-expanding,   heart-free,
     heart-hardened,   heart-heavy,   heart-purifying,  heart-searching,
     heart-sickening,   heart-sinking,  heart-stirring,  heart-touching,
     heart-wearing, heart-whole, heart-wounding, heart-wringing, etc.

   After  one's  own  heart,  conforming  with  one's inmost approval and
   desire; as, a friend after my own heart.
     The  Lord  hath  sought him a man after his own heart. 1 Sam. xiii.
   --  At  heart,  in  the  inmost  character  or disposition; at bottom;
   really;  as, he is at heart a good man. -- By heart, in the closest or
   most thorough manner; as, to know or learn by heart. "Composing songs,
   for  fools to get by heart" (that is, to commit to memory, or to learn
   thoroughly).  Pope.  --  For my heart, for my life; if my life were at
   stake.  [Obs.]  "I  could not get him for my heart to do it." Shak. --
   Heart bond (Masonry), a bond in which no header stone stretches across
   the  wall,  but  two  headers  meet  in the middle, and their joint is
   covered  by  another  stone  laid header fashion. Knight. -- Heart and
   hand, with enthusiastic co\'94peration. -- Heart hardness, hardness of
   heart;  callousness  of  feeling;  moral insensibility. Shak. -- Heart
   heaviness,  depression  of  spirits.  Shak. -- Heart point (Her.), the
   fess point. See Escutcheon. -- Heart rising, a rising of the heart, as
   in opposition. -- Heart shell (Zo\'94l.), any marine, bivalve shell of
   the  genus  Cardium  and  allied  genera, having a heart-shaped shell;
   esp.,  the  European  Isocardia  cor;  -- called also heart cockle. --
   Heart sickness, extreme depression of spirits. -- Heart and soul, with
   the  utmost  earnestness. -- Heart urchin (Zo\'94l.), any heartshaped,
   spatangoid  sea urchin. See Spatangoid. -- Heart wheel, a form of cam,
   shaped  like  a  heart. See Cam. -- In good heart, in good courage; in
   good hope. -- Out of heart, discouraged. -- Poor heart, an exclamation
   of pity. -- To break the heart of. (a) To bring to despair or hopeless
   grief; to cause to be utterly cast down by sorrow. (b) To bring almost
   to  completion; to finish very nearly; -- said of anything undertaken;
   as,  he  has broken the heart of the task. -- To find in the heart, to
   be willing or disposed. "I could find in my heart to ask your pardon."
   Sir P. Sidney. -- To have at heart, to desire (anything) earnestly. --
   To  have  in  the  heart, to purpose; to design or intend to do. -- To
   have  the heart in the mouth, to be much frightened. -- To lose heart,
   to  become discouraged. -- To lose one's heart, to fall in love. -- To
   set  the heart at rest, to put one's self at ease. -- To set the heart
   upon,  to  fix  the desires on; to long for earnestly; to be very fond
   of.  --  To take heart of grace, to take courage. -- To take to heart,
   to  grieve  over.  -- To wear one's heart upon one's sleeve, to expose
   one's  feelings  or  intentions; to be frank or impulsive. -- With all
   one's whole heart, very earnestly; fully; completely; devotedly.


   Heart  (?),  v.  t.  To  give  heart  to; to hearten; to encourage; to
   inspirit. [Obs.]

     My cause is hearted; thine hath no less reason. Shak.


   Heart,  v.  i.  To  form  a  compact  center  or heart; as, a hearting


   Heart"ache`  (?),  n.  [Cf.  AS.  heortece.]  Sorrow; anguish of mind;
   mental pang. Shak.


   Heart"break`  (?),  n.  Crushing  sorrow  or grief; a yielding to such
   grief. Shak.


   Heart"break`ing, a. Causing overpowering sorrow.


   Heart"bro`ken (?), a. Overcome by crushing sorrow; deeply grieved.


   Heart"burn`  (?),  n.  (Med.)  An  uneasy,  burning  sensation  in the
   stomach,  often attended with an inclination to vomit. It is sometimes
   idiopathic, but is often a symptom of often complaints.


   Heart"burned` (?), a. Having heartburn. Shak.


   Heart"burn`ing (?), a. Causing discontent.


   Heart"burn`ing, n.

   1. (Med.) Same as Heartburn.

   2. Discontent; secret enmity. Swift.

     The transaction did not fail to leave heartburnings. Palfrey.


   Heart"dear` (?), a. Sincerely beloved. [R.] Shak.


   Heart"deep` (?), a. Rooted in the heart. Herbert.


   Heart"-eat`ing (?), a. Preying on the heart.


   Heart"ed, a.

   1.  Having a heart; having (such) a heart (regarded as the seat of the
   affections, disposition, or character).

   2. Shaped like a heart; cordate. [R.] Landor.

   3. Seated or laid up in the heart.

     I hate the Moor: my cause is hearted. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Th  is wo rd is  ch iefly us ed in  co mposition; as ,
     hard-hearted,     faint-hearted,     kind-hearted,    lion-hearted,
     stout-hearted,    etc.    Hence    the    nouns   hard-heartedness,
     faint-heartedness, etc.


   Heart"ed*ness, n. Earnestness; sincerity; heartiness. [R.] Clarendon.

     NOTE: &hand; Se e al so the Note under Hearted. The analysis of the
     compounds   gives   hard-hearted   +  -ness,  rather  than  hard  +
     heartedness, etc.


   Heart"en (?), v. t. [From Heart.]

   1. To encourage; to animate; to incite or stimulate the courage of; to

     Hearten those that fight in your defense. Shak.

   2. To restore fertility or strength to, as to land.


   Heart"en*er  (?),  n.  One  who, or that which, heartens, animates, or
   stirs up. W. Browne.


   Heart"felt` (?), a. Hearty; sincere.


   Heart"grief` (?), n. Heartache; sorrow. Milton.


   Hearth (?), n. [OE. harthe, herth, herthe, AS. heor; akin to D. haard,
   heerd,  Sw.  h\'84rd,  G.  herd; cf. Goth. ha\'a3ri a coal, Icel. hyrr
   embers, and L. cremare to burn.]

   1.  The  pavement  or floor of brick, stone, or metal in a chimney, on
   which  a fire is made; the floor of a fireplace; also, a corresponding
   part of a stove.

     There was a fire on the hearth burning before him. Jer. xxxvi. 22.

     Where  fires  thou find'st unraked and hearths unswept. There pinch
     the maids as blue as bilberry. Shak.

   2.  The  house  itself,  as the abode of comfort to its inmates and of
   hospitality to strangers; fireside.

   3.  (Metal. & Manuf.) The floor of a furnace, on which the material to
   be  heated  lies,  or the lowest part of a melting furnace, into which
   the melted material settles.
   Hearth  ends  (Metal.), fragments of lead ore ejected from the furnace
   by  the  blast. -- Hearth money, Hearth penny [AS. heor&edh;pening], a
   tax  formerly  laid  in England on hearths, each hearth (in all houses
   paying  the  church  and  poor rates) being taxed at two shillings; --
   called also chimney money, etc.

     He  had  been  importuned by the common people to relieve them from
     the . . . burden of the hearth money. Macaulay.


   Hearth"stone`  (?),  n. Stone forming the hearth; hence, the fireside;

     Chords  of  memory,  stretching  from every battlefield and patriot
     grave to every living heart and hearthstone. A. Lincoln.


   Heart"i*ly (?), adv. [From Hearty.]

   1. From the heart; with all the heart; with sincerity.

     I heartily forgive them. Shak.

   2.  With  zeal;  actively;  vigorously;  willingly;  cordially; as, he
   heartily assisted the prince.
   To  eat  heartily,  to  eat  freely  and with relish. Addison. Syn. --
   Sincerely;   cordially;   zealously;   vigorously;  actively;  warmly;
   eagerly; ardently; earnestly.

   Page 679


   Hear"i*ness (?), n. The quality of being hearty; as, the heartiness of
   a greeting.


   Heart"less, a.

   1. Without a heart.

     You have left me heartess; mine is in your bosom. J. Webster.

   2. Destitute of courage; spiritless; despodent.

     Heartless they fought, and quitted soon their ground. Dryden.

     Heartless and melancholy. W. Irwing.

   3.  Destitute  of  feeling  or  affection;  unsympathetic; cruel. "The
   heartless    parasites."    Byron.    --    Heart"less*ly,   adv.   --
   Heart"less*ness, n.


   Heart"let (?), n.. A little heart.


   Heart"lings  (?), interj. An exclamation used in addressing a familiar
   acquaintance. [Obs.] Shak.


   Heart"pea` (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Heartseed.


   Heart"quake` (?), n. Trembling of the heart; trepidation; fear.

     In many an hour of danger and heartquake. Hawthorne.


   Heart"rend`ing  (?),  a.  Causing  intense  grief;  overpowering  with
   anguish; very distressing.


   Heart"-rob`bing (?), a.

   1. Depriving of thought; ecstatic. "Heart-robbing gladness." Spenser.

   2. Stealing the heart or affections; winning.


   Heart's"-ease` (?), n.

   1. Ease of heart; peace or tranquillity of mind or feeling. Shak.

   2. (Bot.) A species of violet (Viola tricolor); -- called also pansy.


   Heart"seed`   (?),   n.   (Bot.)   A   climbing  plant  of  the  genus
   Cardiospermum,  having round seeds which are marked with a spot like a
   heart. Loudon.


   Heart"shaped` (, a. Having the shape of a heart; cordate.


   Heart"sick`  (?),  a.  [AS.  heorise\'a2c.]  Sick  at heart; extremely
   depressed in spirits; very despondent.


   Heart"some (?), a. Merry; cheerful; lively. [Scot.]


   Heart"-spoon` (?), n. A part of the breastbone. [Obs.]

     He feeleth through the herte-spon the pricke. Chaucer.


   Heart"strick`en (?), a. Shocked; dismayed.


   Heart"strike`  (?), v. t. To affect at heart; to shock. [R.] "The seek
   to heartstrike us." B. Jonson.


   Heart"string` (?), n. A nerve or tendon, supposed to brace and sustain
   the heart. Shak.

     Sobbing, as if a hearstring broke. Moore.


   Heart"struck` (?), a.

   1.  Driven  to  the  heart;  infixed  in  the  mind.  "His heartstruck
   injuries." Shak.

   2.  Shocked  with  pain,  fear,  or  remorse; dismayed; heartstricken.


   Heart"swell`ing   (?),   a.  Rankling  in,  or  swelling,  the  heart.
   "Heartswelling hate." Spenser.


   Heart"-whole` (?), a. [See Whole.]

   1. Having the heart or affections free; not in love. Shak.

   2. With unbroken courage; undismayed.

   3. Of a single and sincere heart.

     If he keeps heart-whole towards his Master. Bunyan.


   Heart"wood`  (?),  n.  The  hard, central part of the trunk of a tree,
   consisting of the old and matured wood, and usually differing in color
   from  the  outer  layers.  It  is  technically  known  as duramen, and
   distinguished from the softer sapwood or alburnum.


   Heart"-wound`ed (?), a. Wounded to the heart with love or grief. Pope.


   Heart"y (?), a. [Compar. Heartier (?); superl. Heartiest.]

   1.  Pertaining to, or proceeding from, the heart; warm; cordial; bold;
   zealous;  sincere;  willing;  also,  energetic;  active;  eager; as, a
   hearty welcome; hearty in supporting the government.

     Full of hearty tears For our good father's loss. Marston.

   2.  Exhibiting  strength; sound; healthy; firm; not weak; as, a hearty

   3.  Promoting strength; nourishing; rich; abundant; as, hearty food; a
   hearty  meal. Syn. -- Sincere; real; unfeigned; undissembled; cordial;
   earnest;  warm;  zealous;  ardent; eager; active; vigorous. -- Hearty,
   Cordial,  Sincere.  Hearty  implies honesty and simplicity of feelings
   and  manners;  cordial  refers to the warmth and liveliness with which
   the  feelings  are  expressed;  sincere  implies  that this expression
   corresponds  to  the  real  sentiments  of  the heart. A man should be
   hearty  in  his attachment to his friends, cordial in his reception of
   them to his house, and sincere in his offers to assist them.


   Heart"y,  n.; pl. Hearties (. Comrade; boon companion; good fellow; --
   a term of familiar address and fellowship among sailors. Dickens.


   Heart"y*hale` (?), a. Good for the heart. [Obs.]


   Heat  (?),  n.  [OE.  hete, h\'91te, AS. h, h, fr. h\'bet hot; akin to
   OHG. heizi heat, Dan. hede, Sw. hetta. See Hot.]

   1.  A  force  in  nature  which  is recognized in various effects, but
   especially  in  the phenomena of fusion and evaporation, and which, as
   manifested  in  fire,  the  sun's  rays,  mechanical  action, chemical
   combination,  etc.,  becomes directly known to us through the sense of
   feeling.  In  its  nature heat is a mode if motion, being in general a
   form  of  molecular disturbance or vibration. It was formerly supposed
   to  be  a  subtile,  imponderable  fluid,  to which was given the name

     NOTE: &hand; As  af fecting the human body, heat produces different
     sensations,  which  are  called  by  different  names,  as  heat or
     sensible  heat,  warmth,  cold,  etc.,  according  to its degree or
     amount relatively to the normal temperature of the body.

   2.  The  sensation  caused  by  the  force  or  influence of heat when
   excessive, or above that which is normal to the human body; the bodily
   feeling  experienced  on  exposure  to fire, the sun's rays, etc.; the
   reverse of cold.

   3.  High  temperature, as distinguished from low temperature, or cold;
   as,  the  heat  of  summer and the cold of winter; heat of the skin or
   body in fever, etc.

     Else  how  had  the world . . . Avoided pinching cold and scorching
     heat! Milton.

   4.  Indication of high temperature; appearance, condition, or color of
   a  body,  as  indicating  its temperature; redness; high color; flush;
   degree  of  temperature  to which something is heated, as indicated by
   appearance, condition, or otherwise.

     It has raised . . . heats in their faces. Addison.

     The  heats  smiths  take  of  their  iron  are  a blood-red heat, a
     white-flame heat, and a sparking or welding heat. Moxon.

   5.  A  single  complete  operation  of  heating, as at a forge or in a
   furnace; as, to make a horseshoe in a certain number of heats.

   6. A violent action unintermitted; a single effort; a single course in
   a  race that consists of two or more courses; as, he won two heats out
   of three.

     Many causes . . . for refreshment betwixt the heats. Dryden.

     [He]  struck off at one heat the matchless tale of "Tam o'Shanter."
     J. C. Shairp.

   7.  Utmost violence; rage; vehemence; as, the heat of battle or party.
   "The heat of their division." Shak.

   8.  Agitation  of mind; inflammation or excitement; exasperation. "The
   head and hurry of his rage." South.

   9. Animation, as in discourse; ardor; fervency.

     With all the strength and heat of eloquence. Addison.

   10. Sexual excitement in animals.

   11. Fermentation.
   Animal  heat,  Blood  heat,  Capacity for heat, etc. See under Animal,
   Blood,   etc.   --  Atomic  heat  (Chem.),  the  product  obtained  by
   multiplying the atomic weight of any element by its specific heat. The
   atomic heat of all solid elements is nearly a constant, the mean value
   being  6.4.  --  Dynamical  theory  of heat, that theory of heat which
   assumes it to be, not a peculiar kind of matter, but a peculiar motion
   of  the  ultimate  particles  of matter. Heat engine, any apparatus by
   which  a  heated substance, as a heated fluid, is made to perform work
   by giving motion to mechanism, as a hot-air engine, or a steam engine.
   --  Heat  producers.  (Physiol.)  See under Food. -- Heat rays, a term
   formerly applied to the rays near the red end of the spectrum, whether
   within  or  beyond  the  visible spectrum. -- Heat weight (Mech.), the
   product  of  any quantity of heat by the mechanical equivalent of heat
   divided  by  the  absolute  temperature;  -- called also thermodynamic
   function,  and  entropy.  --  Mechanical equivalent of heat. See under
   Equivalent.  -- Specific heat of a substance (at any temperature), the
   number  of  units  of heat required to raise the temperature of a unit
   mass of the substance at that temperature one degree. -- Unit of heat,
   the quantity of heat required to raise, by one degree, the temperature
   of  a unit mass of water, initially at a certain standard temperature.
   The  temperature  usually  employed  is  that of 0 Centigrade, or 32


   Heat  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Heated; p. pr. & vb. n. Heating.] [OE.
   heten, AS. h, fr. h\'bet hot. See Hot.]

   1.  To make hot; to communicate heat to, or cause to grow warm; as, to
   heat an oven or furnace, an iron, or the like.

     Heat me these irons hot. Shak.

     2. To excite or make hot by action or emotion; to make feverish.

     Pray, walk softly; do not heat your blood. Shak.

     3.  To excite ardor in; to rouse to action; to excite to excess; to
     inflame, as the passions.

     A noble emulation heats your breast. Dryden.


     Heat, v. i.

     1.  To grow warm or not by the action of fire or friction, etc., or
     the communication of heat; as, the iron or the water heats slow.

     2.  To grow warm or hot by fermentation, or the development of heat
     by chemical action; as, green hay heats in a mow, and manure in the


     Heat  (?),  imp.  & p. p. of Heat. Heated; as, the iron though heat
     red-hot. [Obs. or Archaic.] Shak.


     Heat"er (?), n.

     1. One who, or that which, heats.

     2.  Any  contrivance  or  implement,  as a furnace, stove, or other
     heated  body  or vessel, etc., used to impart heat to something, or
     to contain something to be heated.

   Feed heater. See under Feed.


   Heath (?), n. [OE. heth waste land, the plant heath, AS. h; akin to D.
   &  G.  heide,  Icel.  hei  waste land, Dan. hede, Sw. hed, Goth. haipi
   field,  L.  bucetum a cow pasture; cf. W. coed a wood, Skr. ksh field.

   1.  (Bot.)  (a) A low shrub (Erica, OR Calluna, vulgaris), with minute
   evergreen leaves, and handsome clusters of pink flowers. It is used in
   Great  Britain  for brooms, thatch, beds for the poor, and for heating
   ovens.  It  is also called heather, and ling. (b) Also, any species of
   the  genus  Erica,  of  which  several are European, and many more are
   South African, some of great beauty. See Illust. of Heather.

   2.  A  place  overgrown  with  heath;  any  cheerless tract of country
   overgrown with shrubs or coarse herbage.

     Their  stately  growth,  though  bare, Stands on the blasted heath.

   Heath  cock  (Zo\'94l.),  the  blackcock. See Heath grouse (below). --
   Heath  grass  (Bot.),  a kind of perennial grass, of the genus Triodia
   (T.  decumbens), growing on dry heaths. -- Heath grouse, OR Heath game
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  European grouse (Tetrao tetrix), which inhabits heats;
   -- called also black game, black grouse, heath poult, heath fowl, moor
   fowl. The male is called, heath cock, and blackcock; the female, heath
   hen,  and gray hen. -- Heath hen. (Zo\'94l.) See Heath grouse (above).
   -- Heath pea (bot.), a species of bitter vetch (Lathyris macrorhizus),
   the  tubers  of  which  are  eaten, and in Scotland are used to flavor
   whisky.   --  Heath  throstle  (Zo\'94l.),  a  European  thrush  which
   frequents heaths; the ring ouzel.


   Heath"clad` (?), a. Clad or crowned with heath.


   Hea"then  (?; 277), n.; pl. Heathens (#) or collectively Heathen. [OE.
   hethen,  AS.  h,  prop. an adj. fr. h heath, and orig., therefore, one
   who lives in the country or on the heaths and in the woods (cf. pagan,
   fr.  pagus  village);  akin  to  OS.  h, adj., D. heiden a heathen, G.
   heide,  OHG.  heidan, Icel. hei, adj., Sw. heden, Goth. haipn, n. fem.
   See Heath, and cf. Hoiden.]

   1.  An  individual of the pagan or unbelieving nations, or those which
   worship  idols  and  do  not  acknowledge  the  true  God; a pagan; an

   2. An irreligious person.

     If  it is no more than a moral discourse, he may preach it and they
     may hear it, and yet both continue unconverted heathens. V. Knox.

   The  heathen, as the term is used in the Scriptures, all people except
   the  Jews;  now  used  of  all  people  except  Christians,  Jews, and

     Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance.
     Ps. ii. 8.

   Syn. -- Pagan; gentile. See Pagan.


   Hea"then (?), a.

   1.  Gentile;  pagan;  as, a heathen author. "The heathen philosopher."
   "All in gold, like heathen gods." Shak.

   2. Barbarous; unenlightened; heathenish.

   3. Irreligious; scoffing.


   Hea"then*dom (?), n. [AS. h&aemac;&edh;end&omac;m.]

   1.  That  part  of  the  world  where heathenism prevails; the heathen
   nations, considered collectively.

   2. Heathenism. C. Kingsley.


   Hea"then*esse  (?),  n.  [AS. h&aemac;&edh;ennes, i. e., heathenness.]
   Heathendom. [Obs.] Chaucer. Sir W. Scott.


   Hea"then*ish, a. [AS. h&aemac;&edh;enisc.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining to the heathen; resembling or characteristic of
   heathens. "Worse than heathenish crimes." Milton.

   2. Rude; uncivilized; savage; cruel. South.

   3. Irreligious; as, a heathenish way of living.


   Hea"then*ish"ly, adv. In a heathenish manner.


   Hea"then*ish*ness, n. The state or quality of being heathenish. "The .
   . . heathenishness and profaneness of most playbooks." Prynne.


   Hea"then*ism (?), n.

   1.  The  religious  system  or  rites  of  a heathen nation; idolatry;

   2.  The  manners  or  morals  usually  prevalent in a heathen country;
   ignorance; rudeness; barbarism.


   Hea"then*ize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Heathenized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Heathenizing (?).] To render heathen or heathenish. Firmin.


   Hea"then*ness,  n.  [Cf.  Heathenesse.] State of being heathen or like
   the heathen.


   Hea"then*ry (?), n.

   1. The state, quality, or character of the heathen.

     Your heathenry and your laziness. C. Kingsley.

   2. Heathendom; heathen nations.


   Heath"er (?; 277. This is the only pronunciation in Scotland), n. [See
   Heath.] Heath. [Scot.]

     Gorse and grass And heather, where his footsteps pass, The brighter
     seem. Longfellow.

   Heather  bell  (Bot.),  one  of  the  pretty subglobose flowers of two
   European kinds of heather (Erica Tetralix, and E. cinerea).


   Heath"er*y  (?),  a.  Heathy;  abounding  in heather; of the nature of


   Heath"y  (?), a. Full of heath; abounding with heath; as, heathy land;
   heathy hills. Sir W. Scott.


   Heat"ing (?), a. That heats or imparts heat; promoting warmth or heat;
   exciting  action;  stimulating; as, heating medicines or applications.
   Heating surface (Steam Boilers), the aggregate surface exposed to fire
   or  to  the  heated  products of combustion, esp. of all the plates or
   sheets that are exposed to water on their opposite surfaces; -- called
   also fire surface.


   Heat"ing*ly,  adv. In a heating manner; so as to make or become hot or


   Heat"less, a. Destitute of heat; cold. Beau. & Fl.


   Heave  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  Heaved (?), or Hove (; p. p. Heaved, Hove,
   formerly  Hoven  (;  p. pr. & vb. n. Heaving.] [OE. heven, hebben, As.
   hebban;  akin to OS. hebbian, D. heffen, OHG. heffan, hevan, G. heven,
   Icel.  h\'84fva, Dan. h\'91ve, Goth. hafjan, L. capere to take, seize;
   cf. Gr. Accept, Behoof, Capacious, Forceps, haft, Receipt.]

   1.  To cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; to lift; to
   raise;  to  hoist;  --  often with up; as, the wave heaved the boat on

     One heaved ahigh, to be hurled down below. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; He ave, as  now used, implies that the thing raised is
     heavy  or  hard  to  move;  but  formerly  it  was  used  in a less
     restricted sense.

     Here a little child I stand, Heaving up my either hand. Herrick.

   2.  To  throw; to cast; -- obsolete, provincial, or colloquial, except
   in certain nautical phrases; as, to heave the lead; to heave the log.

   3.  To  force  from, or into, any position; to cause to move; also, to
   throw  off;  --  mostly used in certain nautical phrases; as, to heave
   the ship ahead.

   4.  To  raise  or  force from the breast; to utter with effort; as, to
   heave a sigh.

     The wretched animal heaved forth such groans. Shak.

   5. To cause to swell or rise, as the breast or bosom.

     The  glittering, finny swarms That heave our friths, and crowd upon
     our shores. Thomson.

   To  heave  a  cable  short  (Naut.), to haul in cable till the ship is
   almost  perpendicularly  above  the  anchor.  -- To heave a ship ahead
   (Naut.), to warp her ahead when not under sail, as by means of cables.
   -- To heave a ship down (Naut.), to throw or lay her down on one side;
   to careen her. -- To heave a ship to (Naut.), to bring the ship's head
   to  the  wind,  and stop her motion. -- To heave about (Naut.), to put
   about  suddenly.  --  To  heave  in (Naut.), to shorten (cable). -- To
   heave in stays (Naut.), to put a vessel on the other tack. -- To heave
   out  a sail (Naut.), to unfurl it. -- To heave taut (Naut.), to turn a
   capstan, etc., till the rope becomes strained. See Taut, and Tight. --
   To heave the lead (Naut.), to take soundings with lead and line. -- To
   heave  the  log.  (Naut.)  See  Log. -- To heave up anchor (Naut.), to
   raise it from the bottom of the sea or elsewhere.

   Page 680


   Heave (?), v. i.

   1. To be thrown up or raised; to rise upward, as a tower or mound.

     And the huge columns heave into the sky. Pope.

     Where heaves the turf in many a moldering heap. Gray.

     The heaving sods of Bunker Hill. E. Everett.

   2.  To  rise  and  fall  with alternate motions, as the lungs in heavy
   breathing,  as  waves  in a heavy sea, as ships on the billows, as the
   earth  when  broken up by frost, etc.; to swell; to dilate; to expand;
   to distend; hence, to labor; to struggle.

     Frequent for breath his panting bosom heaves. Prior.

     The heaving plain of ocean. Byron.

   3.  To  make an effort to raise, throw, or move anything; to strain to
   do something difficult.

     The  Church  of  England  had struggled and heaved at a reformation
     ever since Wyclif's days. Atterbury.

   4. To make an effort to vomit; to retch; to vomit.
   To  heave  at.  (a)  To  make  an effort at. (b) To attack, to oppose.
   [Obs.]  Fuller.  --  To  heave in sight (as a ship at sea), to come in
   sight; to appear. -- To heave up, to vomit. [Low]


   Heave, n.

   1.  An  effort  to  raise something, as a weight, or one's self, or to
   move something heavy.

     After  many  strains  and  heaves  He  got  up to his saddle eaves.

   2. An upward motion; a rising; a swell or distention, as of the breast
   in  difficult  breathing, of the waves, of the earth in an earthquake,
   and the like.

     There's  matter  in  these  sighs,  these profound heaves, You must
     translate. Shak.

     None  could  guess  whether  the next heave of the earthquake would
     settle . . . or swallow them. Dryden.

   3.  (Geol.)  A horizontal dislocation in a metallic lode, taking place
   at an intersection with another lode.


   Heav"en  (?),  n.  [OE.  heven, hefen, heofen, AS. heofon; akin to OS.
   hevan,  LG.  heben,  heven,  Icel. hifinn; of uncertain origin, cf. D.
   hemel,  G.  himmel,  Icel.  himmin,  Goth.  himins;  perh. akin to, or
   influenced  by,  the  root  of  E. heave, or from a root signifying to
   cover,  cf.  Goth.  gaham to put on, clothe one's self, G. hemd shirt,
   and perh. E. chemise.]

   1.  The expanse of space surrounding the earth; esp., that which seems
   to  be  over  the  earth like a great arch or dome; the firmament; the
   sky; the place where the sun, moon, and stars appear; -- often used in
   the plural in this sense.

     I never saw the heavens so dim by day. Shak.

     When my eyes shall be turned to behold for the last time the sun in
     heaven. D. Webster.

   2.  The  dwelling place of the Deity; the abode of bliss; the place or
   state of the blessed after death.

     Unto the God of love, high heaven's King. Spenser.

     It is a knell That summons thee to heaven or to hell. Shak.

     New thoughts of God, new hopes of Heaven. Keble.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th is ge neral se nse heaven and its corresponding
     words  in  other languages have as various definite interpretations
     as there are phases of religious belief.

   3.  The  sovereign  of heaven; God; also, the assembly of the blessed,
   collectively; -- used variously in this sense, as in No. 2.

     Her prayers, whom Heaven delights to hear. Shak.

     The will And high permission of all-ruling Heaven. Milton.

   4.  Any place of supreme happiness or great comfort; perfect felicity;
   bliss;  a  sublime  or  exalted condition; as, a heaven of delight. "A
   heaven of beauty." Shak. "The brightest heaven of invention." Shak.

     O  bed!  bed!  delicious  bed!  That heaven upon earth to the weary
     head! Hood.

     NOTE: &hand; He aven is  very often used, esp. with participles, in
     forming  compound words, most of which need no special explanation;
     as,  heaven-appeasing,  heaven-aspiring, heaven-begot, heaven-born,
     heaven-bred,  heaven-conducted,  heaven-descended, heaven-directed,
     heaven-exalted,   heaven-given,   heaven-guided,  heaven-inflicted,
     heaven-inspired,  heaven-instructed,  heaven-kissing, heaven-loved,
     heaven-moving, heaven-protected, heaven-taught, heaven-warring, and
     the like.


   Heav"en, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Heavened (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Heavening.]
   To place in happiness or bliss, as if in heaven; to beatify. [R.]

     We  are  happy  as  the  bird whose nest Is heavened in the hush of
     purple hills. G. Massey.


   Heav"en*ize  (?),  v. t. To render like heaven or fit for heaven. [R.]
   Bp. Hall.


   Heav"en*li*ness (?), n. [From Heavenly.] The state or quality of being
   heavenly. Sir J. Davies.


   Heav"en*ly, a. [AS. heofonic.]

   1.  Pertaining  to,  resembling,  or inhabiting heaven; celestial; not
   earthly; as, heavenly regions; heavenly music.

     As  is  the  heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. 1 Cor.
     xv. 48.

   2.  Appropriate  to  heaven  in character or happiness; perfect; pure;
   supremely blessed; as, a heavenly race; the heavenly, throng.

     The love of heaven makes one heavenly. Sir P. Sidney.


   Heav"en*ly, adv.

   1.  In  a  manner  resembling that of heaven. "She was heavenly true."

   2. By the influence or agency of heaven.

     Out heavenly guided soul shall climb. Milton.


   Heav"en*ly*mind`ed  (?),  a. Having the thoughts and affections placed
   on,  or  suitable  for,  heaven  and  heavenly objects; devout; godly;
   pious. Milner. -- Heav"en*ly*mind`ed*ness, n.


   Heav"en*ward (?), a & adv. Toward heaven.

                                Heave offering

   Heave"  of`fer*ing (?). (Jewish Antiq.) An offering or oblation heaved
   up  or  elevated  before  the  altar,  as  the  shoulder  of the peace
   offering. See Wave offering. <-- sic!? --> Ex. xxix. 27.


   Heav"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who,  or  that  which, heaves or lifts; a laborer employed on
   docks in handling freight; as, a coal heaver.

   2. (Naut.) A bar used as a lever. Totten.


   Heaves  (?),  n.  A  disease  of  horses,  characterized  by difficult
   breathing,  with  heaving  of  the  flank, wheezing, flatulency, and a
   peculiar cough; broken wind.


   Heav"i*ly (?), adv. [From 2d Heavy.]

   1.  In  a  heavy  manner;  with great weight; as, to bear heavily on a
   thing; to be heavily loaded.

     Heavily interested in those schemes of emigration. The Century.

   2.  As  if  burdened with a great weight; slowly and laboriously; with
   difficulty;   hence,  in  a  slow,  difficult,  or  suffering  manner;

     And  took  off  their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily.
     Ex. xiv. 25.

     Why looks your grace so heavily to-day? Shak.


   Heav"i*ness,  n.  The  state  or quality of being heavy in its various
   senses; weight; sadness; sluggishness; oppression; thickness.


   Heav"ing  (?),  n.  A  lifting  or  rising; a swell; a panting or deep
   sighing. Addison. Shak.


   Heav"i*some (?), a. Heavy; dull. [Prov.]


   Heav"y (?), a. Having the heaves.


   Heav"y (?), a. [Compar. Heavier (?); superl. Heaviest.] [OE. hevi, AS.
   hefig,  fr.  hebban  to  lift, heave; akin to OHG. hebig, hevig, Icel.
   h\'94figr, h\'94fugr. See Heave.]

   1.  Heaved  or lifted with labor; not light; weighty; ponderous; as, a
   heavy  stone; hence, sometimes, large in extent, quantity, or effects;
   as,  a  heavy  fall  of  rain or snow; a heavy failure; heavy business
   transactions,  etc.;  often  implying  strength;  as, a heavy barrier;
   also, difficult to move; as, a heavy draught.

   2.  Not  easy  to  bear;  burdensome;  oppressive;  hard  to endure or
   accomplish;  hence,  grievous,  afflictive; as, heavy yokes, expenses,
   undertakings, trials, news, etc.

     The hand of the Lord was heavy upon them of Ashdod. 1 Sam. v. 6.

     The king himself hath a heavy reckoning to make. Shak.

     Sent hither to impart the heavy news. Wordsworth.

     Trust him not in matter of heavy consequence. Shak.

   3. Laden with that which is weighty; encumbered; burdened; bowed down,
   either   with   an   actual   burden,   or  with  care,  grief,  pain,

     The heavy [sorrowing] nobles all in council were. Chapman.

     A light wife doth make a heavy husband. Shak.

   4. Slow; sluggish; inactive; or lifeless, dull, inanimate, stupid; as,
   a  heavy  gait, looks, manners, style, and the like; a heavy writer or

     Whilst the heavy plowman snores. Shak.

     Of a heavy, dull, degenerate mind. Dryden.

     Neither [is] his ear heavy, that it can not hear. Is. lix. 1.

   5.  Strong;  violent; forcible; as, a heavy sea, storm, cannonade, and
   the like.

   6. Loud; deep; -- said of sound; as, heavy thunder.

     But, hark! that heavy sound breaks in once more. Byron.

   7. Dark with clouds, or ready to rain; gloomy; -- said of the sky.

   8.  Impeding  motion;  cloggy;  clayey;  -- said of earth; as, a heavy
   road, soil, and the like.

   9. Not raised or made light; as, heavy bread.

   10.  Not  agreeable  to,  or  suitable  for,  the  stomach; not easily
   digested; -- said of food.

   11. Having much body or strength; -- said of wines, or other liquors.

   12. With child; pregnant. [R.]
   Heavy  artillery.  (Mil.)  (a)  Guns of great weight or large caliber,
   esp.  siege, garrison, and seacoast guns. (b) Troops which serve heavy
   guns.  --  Heavy  cavalry.  See under Cavalry. -- Heavy fire (Mil.), a
   continuous  or destructive cannonading, or discharge of small arms. --
   Heavy  metal  (Mil.), large guns carrying balls of a large size; also,
   large  balls  for  such guns.<-- a type of rock music (1970's), with a
   hard  beat,  amplified electronically --> -- Heavy metals. (Chem.) See
   under  Metal.  --  Heavy  weight,  in  wrestling, boxing, etc., a term
   applied  to  the  heaviest  of  the classes into which contestants are
   divided. Cf. Feather weight (c), under Feather.

     NOTE: &hand; He avy is used in composition to form many words which
     need   no   special  explanation;  as,  heavy-built,  heavy-browed,
     heavy-gaited, etc.


   Heav"y,   adv.   Heavily;   --  sometimes  used  in  composition;  as,


   Heav"y, v. t. To make heavy. [Obs.] Wyclif.


   Heav"y-armed` (?), a. (Mil.) Wearing heavy or complete armor; carrying
   heavy arms.


   Heav"y-had"ed (?), a. Clumsy; awkward.


   Heav"y-head"ed  (?),  a.  Dull;  stupid. "Gross heavy-headed fellows."
   Beau. & Fl.

                                  Heavy spar

   Heav"y  spar`  (?).  (Min.)  Native  barium  sulphate or barite, -- so
   called  because  of  its  high specific gravity as compared with other
   non-metallic minerals.


   Heb"do*mad (?), n. [L. hebdomas, -adis, Gr. "ebdoma`s the number seven
   days, fr. Seven.] A week; a period of seven days. [R.] Sir T. Browne.

                            Hebdomadal, Hebdomadary

   Heb*dom"a*dal  (?),  Heb*dom"a*da*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  hebdomadalis, LL.
   hebdomadarius:  cf.  F.  hebdomadaire.]  Consisting  of seven days, or
   occurring at intervals of seven days; weekly.


   Heb*dom"a*dal*ly (?), adv. In periods of seven days; weekly. Lowell.


   Heb*dom"a*da*ry  (?),  n. [LL. hebdomadarius: cf. F. hebdomadier.] (R.
   C.  Ch.)  A  member  of  a  chapter  or  convent,  whose week it is to
   officiate  in  the  choir,  and  perform  other  services,  which,  on
   extraordinary occasions, are performed by the superiors.


   Heb`do*mat"ic*al  (?),  a.  [L.  hebdomaticus, Gr. Weekly; hebdomadal.


   He"be (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. "h`bh youth, "H`bh Hebe.]

   1.  (Class. Myth.) The goddess of youth, daughter of Jupiter and Juno.
   She  was  believed  to have the power of restoring youth and beauty to
   those who had lost them.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) An African ape; the hamadryas.


   Heb"en (?), n. Ebony. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Heb"e*non (?), n. See Henbane. [Obs.] Shak.


   Heb"e*tate  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Hebetated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hebetating.] [L. hebetatus, p. p. of hebetare to dull. See Hebete.] To
   render  obtuse;  to  dull;  to  blunt; to stupefy; as, to hebetate the
   intellectual faculties. Southey


   Heb"e*tate (?), a.

   1. Obtuse; dull.

   2. (Bot.) Having a dull or blunt and soft point. Gray.


   Heb`e*ta"tion (?), n. [L. hebetatio: cf. F. h\'82b\'82tation.]

   1. The act of making blunt, dull, or stupid.

   2. The state of being blunted or dulled.


   He*bete"  (?),  a.  [L. hebes, hebetis, dull, stupid, fr. hebere to be
   dull.] Dull; stupid. [Obs.]


   Heb"e*tude (?), n. [L. hebetudo.] Dullness; stupidity. Harvey.


   He"bra"ic  (?), a. [L. Hebraicus, Gr. hebra\'8bque. See Hebrew.] Of or
   pertaining to the Hebrews, or to the language of the Hebrews.


   He*bra"ic*al*ly  (?),  adv.  After the manner of the Hebrews or of the
   Hebrew language.


   He"bra*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. h\'82bra\'8bsme.]

   1.  A  Hebrew  idiom  or  custom;  a  peculiar expression or manner of
   speaking in the Hebrew language. Addison.

   2. The type of character of the Hebrews.

     The  governing  idea  of  Hebraism  is strictness of conscience. M.


   He"bra*ist,  n.  [Cf.  F.  h\'82bra\'8bste.]  One versed in the Hebrew
   language and learning.


   He`bra*is"tic  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to,  or  resembling,  the  Hebrew
   language or idiom.


   He`bra*is"tic*al*ly (?), adv. In a Hebraistic sense or form.

     Which is Hebraistically used in the New Testament. Kitto.


   He"bra*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [Gr.  h\'82bra\'8bser.]  To convert into the
   Hebrew idiom; to make Hebrew or Hebraistic. J. R. Smith.


   He"bra*ize,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Hebraized  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hebraizing.] To speak Hebrew, or to conform to the Hebrew idiom, or to
   Hebrew customs.


   He"brew (?), n. [F. H\'82breu, L. Hebraeus, Gr. 'ibhr\'c6.]

   1. An appellative of Abraham or of one of his descendants, esp. in the
   line of Jacob; an Israelite; a Jew.

     There  came  one  that  had escaped and told Abram the Hebrew. Gen.
     xiv. 13.

   2.  The  language  of  the  Hebrews;  --  one of the Semitic family of


   He"brew,  a.  Of or pertaining to the Hebrews; as, the Hebrew language
   or rites.


   He"brew*ess, n. An Israelitish woman.


   He*bri"cian (?), n. A Hebraist. [R.]

                             Hebridean, Hebridian

   He*brid"e*an (?), He*brid"i*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to the islands
   called Hebrides, west of Scotland. -- n. A native or inhabitant of the


   Hec"a*tomb  (?),  n.  [L.  hecatombe,  Gr.  h\'82catombe.]  (Antiq.) A
   sacrifice  of  a  hundred  oxen or cattle at the same time; hence, the
   sacrifice or slaughter of any large number of victims.

     Slaughtered hecatombs around them bleed. Addison.

     More than a human hecatomb. Byron.


   Hec`a*tom"pe*don  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Arch.)  A  name  given  to  the old
   Parthenon at Athens, because measuring 100 Greek feet, probably in the
   width across the stylobate.


   Hec"de*cane  (?),  n. [Gr. (Chem.) A white, semisolid, spermaceti-like
   hydrocarbon,  C16H34,  of  the  paraffin series, found dissolved as an
   important  ingredient of kerosene, and so called because each molecule
   has sixteen atoms of carbon; -- called also hexadecane.


   Heck (?), n. [See Hatch a half door.] [Written also hack.]

   1. The bolt or latch of a door. [Prov. Eng.]

   2. A rack for cattle to feed at. [Prov. Eng.]

   3.  A  door, especially one partly of latticework; -- called also heck
   door. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

   4. A latticework contrivance for catching fish.

   5.  (Weaving)  An  apparatus  for separating the threads of warps into
   sets,  as  they are wound upon the reel from the bobbins, in a warping

   6. A bend or winding of a stream. [Prov. Eng.]
   Half heck, the lower half of a door. -- Heck board, the loose board at
   the bottom or back of a cart. -- Heck box OR frame, that which carries
   the heck in warping.


   Heck"i*mal  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  European  blue  titmouse (Parus
   c\'d2ruleus).  [Written  also  heckimel, hackeymal, hackmall, hagmall,
   and hickmall.]


   Hec"kle (?), n. & v. t. Same as Hackle.


   Hec"tare`  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  Gr. are an are.] A measure of area, or
   superficies,  containing  a hundred ares, or 10,000 square meters, and
   equivalent to 2.471 acres.


   Hec"tic  (?),  a.  [F. hectique, Gr. sah to overpower, endure; cf. AS.
   sige, sigor, victory, G. sieg, Goth. sigis. Cf. Scheme.]

   1.  Habitual;  constitutional;  pertaining especially to slow waste of
   animal  tissue,  as  in  consumption;  as, a hectic type in disease; a
   hectic flush.

   2.  In  a  hectic  condition;  having hectic fever; consumptive; as, a
   hectic patient.
   Hectic  fever  (Med.),  a  fever of irritation and debility, occurring
   usually  at  a advanced stage of exhausting disease, as a in pulmonary


   Hec"tic, n.

   1. (Med.) Hectic fever.

   2. A hectic flush.

     It is no living hue, but a strange hectic. Byron.

   Page 681


   Hec`to*cot"y*lized  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Changed into a hectocotylus;
   having a hectocotylis.


   Hec`to*cot"y*lus   (?),   n.;  pl.  Hectocotyli  (#).  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.
   (Zo\'94l.)  One  of the arms of the male of most kinds of cephalopods,
   which   is   specially   modified   in  various  ways  to  effect  the
   fertilization  of  the  eggs. In a special sense, the greatly modified
   arm  of  Argonauta  and  allied  genera,  which,  after  receiving the
   spermatophores, becomes detached from the male, and attaches itself to
   the female for reproductive purposes.


   Hec"to*gram (?), n. [F. hectogramme, fr. Gr. gramme a gram.] A measure
   of   weight,  containing  a  hundred  grams,  or  about  3.527  ounces


   Hec"to*gramme (?), n. [F.] The same as Hectogram.


   Hec"to*graph (?), n. [Gr. -graph.] A contrivance for multiple copying,
   by means of a surface of gelatin softened with glycerin. [Written also

                            Hectoliter, Hectolitre

   Hec"to*li`ter,  Hec"to*li`tre  (?), n. [F. hectolitre, fr. Gr. litre a
   liter.]  A measure of liquids, containing a hundred liters; equal to a
   tenth  of a cubic meter, nearly 26 gallons of wine measure, or 22.0097
   imperial  gallons.  As  a  dry measure, it contains ten decaliters, or
   about 2 Winchester bushels.

                            Hectometer, Hectometre

   Hec"to*me`ter,  Hec"to*me`tre  (?),  n.  [F.  hectom\'8atre,  fr.  Gr.
   m\'8atre  a meter.] A measure of length, equal to a hundred meters. It
   is equivalent to 328.09 feet.


   Hec"tor  (?), n. [From the Trojan warrior Hector, the son of Priam.] A
   bully;  a  blustering,  turbulent,  insolent, fellow; one who vexes or


   Hec"tor, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hectored (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hectoring.]
   To  treat  with insolence; to threaten; to bully; hence, to torment by
   words; to tease; to taunt; to worry or irritate by bullying. Dryden.


   Hec"tor,  v.  i.  To  play  the  bully; to bluster; to be turbulent or
   insolent. Swift.


   Hec"to*rism  (?),  n.  The  disposition or the practice of a hector; a
   bullying. [R.]


   Hec"tor*ly,  a.  Resembling  a hector; blustering; insolent; taunting.
   "Hectorly, ruffianlike swaggering or huffing." Barrow.


   Hec"to*stere  (?),  n.  [F. hectost\'8are; Gr. st\'8are.] A measure of
   solidity,  containing  one  hundred  cubic  meters,  and equivalent to
   3531.66 English or 3531.05 United States cubic feet.


   Hed"dle  (?),  n.;  pl. Heddles (#). [Cf. Heald.] (Weaving) One of the
   sets  of  parallel  doubled  threads which, with mounting, compose the
   harness employed to guide the warp threads to the lathe or batten in a


   Hed"dle,  v.  t. To draw (the warp thread) through the heddle-eyes, in


   Hed"dle-eye`  (?),  n. (Weaving) The eye or loop formed in each heddle
   to receive a warp thread.


   Hed"dling  (?), vb. n. The act of drawing the warp threads through the
   heddle-eyes of a weaver's harness; the harness itself. Knight.


   Hed`er*a"ceous (?), a. [L. hederaceus, fr. hedera ivy.] Of, pertaining
   to, or resembling, ivy.


   Hed"er*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to ivy.


   He*der"ic  (?),  a.  Pertaining to, or derived from, the ivy (Hedera);
   as, hederic acid, an acid of the acetylene series.


   Hed`er*if"er*ous  (?),  a.  [L.  hedera ivy + -ferous.] Producing ivy;


   Hed"er*ose`  (?), a. [L. hederosus, fr. hedera ivy.] Pertaining to, or
   of, ivy; full of ivy.


   Hedge (?), n. [OE. hegge, AS. hecg; akin to haga an inclosure, E. haw,
   AS.  hege hedge, E. haybote, D. hegge, OHG. hegga, G. hecke. &root;12.
   See  Haw  a  hedge.]  A  thicket  of  bushes,  usually  thorn  bushes;
   especially, such a thicket planted as a fence between any two portions
   of  land;  and also any sort of shrubbery, as evergreens, planted in a
   line or as a fence; particularly, such a thicket planted round a field
   to fence it, or in rows to separate the parts of a garden.

     The roughest berry on the rudest hedge. Shak.

     Through  the  verdant  maze  Of sweetbrier hedges I pursue my walk.

     NOTE: &hand; He dge, when used adjectively or in composition, often
     means  rustic,  outlandish,  illiterate,  poor,  or mean; as, hedge
     priest; hedgeborn, etc.

   Hedge  bells,  Hedge  bindweed (Bot.), a climbing plant related to the
   morning-glory  (Convolvulus  sepium).  --  Hedge  bill, a long-handled
   billhook.  --  Hedge garlic (Bot.), a plant of the genus Alliaria. See
   Garlic mustard, under Garlic. -- Hedge hyssop (Bot.), a bitter herb of
   the  genus  Gratiola, the leaves of which are emetic and purgative. --
   Hedge  marriage,  a  secret  or  clandestine  marriage, especially one
   performed  by  a hedge priest. [Eng.] -- Hedge mustard (Bot.), a plant
   of  the  genus  Sisymbrium,  belonging to the Mustard family. -- Hedge
   nettle  (Bot.),  an  herb,  or  under  shrub,  of  the  genus Stachys,
   belonging  to  the Mint family. It has a nettlelike appearance, though
   quite  harmless. -- Hedge note. (a) The note of a hedge bird. (b) Low,
   contemptible   writing.  [Obs.]  Dryden.  --  Hedge  priest,  a  poor,
   illiterate  priest.  Shak.  -- Hedge school, an open-air school in the
   shelter of a hedge, in Ireland; a school for rustics. -- Hedge sparrow
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  European  warbler (Accentor modularis) which frequents
   hedges.  Its  color  is  reddish  brown, and ash; the wing coverts are
   tipped  with  white.  Called also chanter, hedge warbler, dunnock, and
   doney.  --  Hedge writer, an insignificant writer, or a writer of low,
   scurrilous  stuff.  [Obs.]  Swift.  -- To breast up a hedge. See under
   Breast.  --  To  hang  in the hedge, to be at a standstill. "While the
   business of money hangs in the hedge." Pepys.


   Hedge (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hedged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hedging.]

   1.  To  inclose  or separate with a hedge; to fence with a thickly set
   line  or  thicket  of  shrubs  or small trees; as, to hedge a field or

   2.  To obstruct, as a road, with a barrier; to hinder from progress or
   success; -- sometimes with up and out.

     I will hedge up thy way with thorns. Hos. ii. 6.

     Lollius  Urbius  .  .  .  drew  another  wall  .  .  . to hedge out
     incursions from the north. Milton.

   3.  To  surround  for  defense;  to  guard;  to  protect; to hem (in).
   "England, hedged in with the main." Shak.

   4. To surround so as to prevent escape.

     That is a law to hedge in the cuckoo. Locke.

   To  hedge  a bet, to bet upon both sides; that is, after having bet on
   one side, to bet also on the other, thus guarding against loss.


   Hedge, v. i.

   1.  To  shelter  one's  self  from danger, risk, duty, responsibility,
   etc.,  as  if  by  hiding in or behind a hedge; to skulk; to slink; to
   shirk obligations.

     I  myself  sometimes,  leaving the fear of God on the left hand and
     hiding mine honor in my necessity, am fain to shuffle, to hedge and
     to lurch. Shak.

   2. (Betting) To reduce the risk of a wager by making a bet against the
   side or chance one has bet on.

   3.  To  use  reservations  and qualifications in one's speech so as to
   avoid committing one's self to anything definite.

     The  Heroic  Stanzas  read  much  more like an elaborate attempt to
     hedge  between  the  parties  than  .  .  .  to gain favor from the
     Roundheads. Saintsbury.


   Hedge"born` (?), a. Born under a hedge; of low birth. Shak.


   Hedge"bote` (?), n. (Eng. Law) Same as Haybote.


   Hedge"hog` (?), n.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small European insectivore (Erinaceus Europ\'91us),
   and  other  allied  species of Asia and Africa, having the hair on the
   upper  part  of  its body mixed with prickles or spines. It is able to
   roll itself into a ball so as to present the spines outwardly in every
   direction.  It  is  nocturnal  in  its  habits,  feeding  chiefly upon

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The Canadian porcupine.[U.S]

   3. (Bot.) A species of Medicago (M. intertexta), the pods of which are
   armed with short spines; -- popularly so called. Loudon.

   4. A form of dredging machine. Knight.
   Hedgehog caterpillar (Zo\'94l.), the hairy larv\'91 of several species
   of  bombycid  moths,  as  of  the  Isabella  moth.  It curls up like a
   hedgehog  when  disturbed.  See  Woolly  bear,  and  Isabella moth. --
   Hedgehog  fish  (Zo\'94l.),  any spinose plectognath fish, esp. of the
   genus  Diodon;  the  porcupine fish. -- Hedgehog grass (Bot.), a grass
   with  spiny  involucres,  growing  on sandy shores; burgrass (Cenchrus
   tribuloides).  --  Hedgehog rat (Zo\'94l.), one of several West Indian
   rodents,  allied  to  the  porcupines, but with ratlike tails, and few
   quills,  or only stiff bristles. The hedgehog rats belong to Capromys,
   Plagiodon,  and  allied  genera.  --  Hedgehog  shell  (Zo\'94l.), any
   spinose,  marine,  univalve  shell  of  the  genus  Murex. -- Hedgehog
   thistle  (Bot.),  a  plant of the Cactus family, globular in form, and
   covered with spines (Echinocactus). -- Sea hedgehog. See Diodon.


   Hedge"less, a. Having no hedge.


   Hedge"pig` (?), n. A young hedgehog. Shak.


   Hedg"er  (?),  n. One who makes or mends hedges; also, one who hedges,
   as, in betting.


   Hedge"row` (?), n. A row of shrubs, or trees, planted for inclosure or
   separation of fields.

     By hedgerow elms and hillocks green. Milton.

                                 Hedging bill

   Hedg"ing bill` (?). A hedge bill. See under Hedge.


   He*don"ic (?), a. [Gr.

   1. Pertaining to pleasure.

   2. Of or relating to Hedonism or the Hedonic sect.


   Hed`o*nis"tic (?), a. Same as Hedonic, 2.


   Heed  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Heeded; p. pr. & vb. n. Heeding.] [OE.
   heden,  AS. h; akin to OS. hdian, D. hoeden, Fries. hoda, OHG. huoten,
   G.  h\'81ten,  Dan. hytte.Hood.] To mind; to regard with care; to take
   notice of; to attend to; to observe.

     With pleasure Argus the musician heeds. Dryden.

   Syn. -- To notice; regard; mind. See Attend, v. t.


   Heed, v. i. To mind; to consider.


   Heed, n.

   1. Attention; notice; observation; regard; -- often with give or take.

     With wanton heed and giddy cunning. Milton.

     Amasa took no heed to the sword that was in Joab's hand. 2 Sam. xx.

     Birds give more heed and mark words more than beasts. Bacon.

   2. Careful consideration; obedient regard.

     Therefore  we  ought  to  give  the more earnest heed to the things
     which we have heard. Heb. ii. 1.

   3. A look or expression of heading. [R.]

     He did it with a serious mind; a heed Was in his countenance. Shak.


   Heed"ful  (?),  a.  Full  of  heed;  regarding  with  care;  cautious;
   circumspect;  attentive;  vigilant.  Shak.  --  Heed"ful*ly,  adv.  --
   Heed"ful*ness, n.


   Heed"less,   a.   Without   heed   or   care;  inattentive;  careless;
   thoughtless; unobservant.

     O, negligent and heedless discipline! Shak.

     The heedless lover does not know Whose eyes they are that wound him
     so. Waller.

   -- Heed"less*ly, adv. -- Heed"less*ness, n.


   Heed"y   (?),  a.  Heedful.  [Obs.]  "Heedy  shepherds."  Spenser.  --
   Heed"i*ly (#), adv. [Obs.] -- Heed"i*ness, n. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Heel (?), v. i. [OE. helden to lean, incline, AS. heldan, hyldan; akin
   to  Icel.  halla, Dan. helde, Sw. h\'84lla to tilt, pour, and perh. to
   E.  hill.] (Naut.) To lean or tip to one side, as a ship; as, the ship
   heels  aport;  the boat heeled over when the squall struck it. Heeling
   error  (Naut.), a deviation of the compass caused by the heeling of an
   iron vessel to one side or the other.


   Heel,  n.  [OE. hele, heele, AS. h&emac;la, perh. for h&omac;hila, fr.
   AS.  h&emac;h  heel  (cf.  Hough);  but cf. D. hiel, OFries. heila, h,
   Icel.  h\'91ll,  Dan.  h\'91l,  Sw. h\'84l, and L. calx. &root;12. Cf.

   1.  The  hinder part of the foot; sometimes, the whole foot; -- in man
   or quadrupeds.

     He  [the  stag]  calls to mind his strength and then his speed, His
     winged heels and then his armed head. Denham.

   2.  The  hinder part of any covering for the foot, as of a shoe, sock,
   etc.;  specif.,  a solid part projecting downward from the hinder part
   of the sole of a boot or shoe.

   3. The latter or remaining part of anything; the closing or concluding
   part. "The heel of a hunt." A. Trollope. "The heel of the white loaf."
   Sir W. Scott.

   4.  Anything regarded as like a human heel in shape; a protuberance; a

   5.  The  part  of a thing corresponding in position to the human heel;
   the  lower  part,  or  part  on  which  a thing rests; especially: (a)
   (Naut.) The after end of a ship's keel. (b) (Naut.) The lower end of a
   mast,  a boom, the bowsprit, the sternpost, etc. (c) (Mil.) In a small
   arm,  the  corner  of the but which is upwards in the firing position.
   (d)  (Mil.)  The  uppermost  part of the blade of a sword, next to the
   hilt.  (e)  The part of any tool next the tang or handle; as, the heel
   of a scythe.

   6. (Man.) Management by the heel, especially the spurred heel; as, the
   horse understands the heel well.

   7.  (Arch.)  (a)  The  lower  end of a timber in a frame, as a post or
   rafter.  In  the United States, specif., the obtuse angle of the lower
   end  of  a  rafter  set  sloping.  (b) A cyma reversa; -- so called by
   workmen. Gwilt.
   Heel  chain  (Naut.), a chain passing from the bowsprit cap around the
   heel  of the jib boom. -- Heel plate, the butt plate of a gun. -- Heel
   of  a  rafter.  (Arch.)  See  Heel,  n.,  7.  -- Heel ring, a ring for
   fastening  a  scythe  blade to the snath. -- Neck and heels, the whole
   body. (Colloq.) -- To be at the heels of, to pursue closely; to follow
   hard:  as,  hungry  want  is  at my heels. Otway. -- To be down at the
   heel,  to  be slovenly or in a poor plight. -- To be out at the heels,
   to  have  on stockings that are worn out; hence, to be shabby, or in a
   poor  plight.  Shak.  --  To  cool the heels. See under Cool. -- To go
   heels  over  head,  to  turn  over so as to bring the heels uppermost;
   hence,  to  move  in  a inconsiderate, or rash, manner. -- To have the
   heels of, to outrun. -- To lay by the heels, to fetter; to shackle; to
   imprison.  Shak.  Addison. -- To show the heels, to flee; to run from.
   --  To take to the heels, to flee; to betake to flight. -- To throw up
   another's heels, to trip him. Bunyan. -- To tread upon one's heels, to
   follow closely. Shak.


   Heel, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Heeled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Heeling.]

   1. To perform by the use of the heels, as in dancing, running, and the
   like. [R.]

     I cannot sing, Nor heel the high lavolt. Shak.

   2. To add a heel to; as, to heel a shoe.

   3. To arm with a gaff, as a cock for fighting.


   Heel"ball`  (?),  n.  A  composition  of  wax  and  lampblack, used by
   shoemakers for polishing, and by antiquaries in copying inscriptions.


   Heel"er (?), n.

   1. A cock that strikes well with his heels or spurs.

   2.  A  dependent  and  subservient  hanger-on  of  a political patron.
   [Political Cant, U. S.]

     The army of hungry heelers who do their bidding. The Century.


   Heel"less, a. Without a heel.


   Heel"piece` (?), n.

   1. A piece of armor to protect the heels. Chesterfield.

   2. A piece of leather fixed on the heel of a shoe.

   3. The end. "The heelpiece of his book." Lloyd.


   Heel"post` (?), n.

   1. (Naut.) The post supporting the outer end of a propeller shaft.

   2. (Carp.) The post to which a gate or door is hinged.

   3. (Engineering) The quoin post of a lock gate.


   Heel"spur`  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A slender bony or cartilaginous process
   developed  from  the  heel  bone of bats. It helps to support the wing
   membranes. See Illust. of Cheiropter.


   Heel"tap` (?), n.

   1. One of the segments of leather in the heel of a shoe.

   2.  A small portion of liquor left in a glass after drinking. "Bumpers
   around and no heeltaps." Sheridan.


   Heel"tap`,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Heeltapped  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Heeltapping.]  To add a piece of leather to the heel of (a shoe, boot,


   Heel"tool`  (?),  n.  A  tool  used by turners in metal, having a bend
   forming a heel near the cutting end.


   Heep (?), n. The hip of the dog-rose. [Obs.]


   Heer  (?),  n.[Etymol. uncertain.] A yarn measure of six hundred yards
   or Spindle.


   Heer, n. [See Hair.] Hair. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   Page 682


   Heft (?), n. Same as Haft, n. [Obs.] Waller.


   Heft, n. [From Heave: cf. hefe weight. Cf. Haft.]

   1. The act or effort of heaving [Obs.]

     He craks his gorge, his sides, With violent hefts. Shak.

   2. Weight; ponderousness. [Colloq.]

     A man of his age and heft. T. Hughes.

   3.  The greater part or bulk of anything; as, the heft of the crop was
   spoiled. [Colloq. U. S.] J. Pickering.


   Heft,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Hefted  (Heft, obs.); p. pr. & vb. n.

   1. To heave up; to raise aloft.

     Inflamed with wrath, his raging blade he heft. Spenser.

   2. To prove or try the weight of by raising. [Colloq.]


   Heft"y, a. Moderately heavy. [Colloq. U. S.]


   He*ge"li*an  (?;  106), a. Pertaining to Hegelianism. -- n. A follower
   of Hegel.

                             Hegelianism, Hegelism

   He*ge"li*an*ism  (?),  He"gel*ism  (?),  n.  The  system  of logic and
   philosophy set forth by Hegel, a German writer (1770-1831).

                            Hegemonic, Hegemonical

   Heg`e*mon"ic  (?),  Heg`e*mon"ic*al  (?),  a. [Gr. Hegemony.] Leading;
   controlling;   ruling;   predominant.  "Princelike  and  hegemonical."


   He*gem`o*ny   (?),  n.  [Gr.  Leadership;  preponderant  influence  or
   authority; -- usually applied to the relation of a government or state
   to its neighbors or confederates. Lieber.


   Heg"ge (?), n. A hedge. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   He*gi"ra  (?; 277), n. [Written also hejira.] [Ar. hijrah flight.] The
   flight  of  Mohammed from Mecca, September 13, A. D. 622 (subsequently
   established as the first year of the Moslem era); hence, any flight or
   exodus regarded as like that of Mohammed.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e st arting point of the Era was made to begin, not
     from  the  date of the flight, but from the first day of the Arabic
     year, which corresponds to July 16, A. D. 622.


   Heif"er  (?), n. [OE. hayfare, AS. he\'a0hfore, he\'a0fore; the second
   part  of  this  word  seems  akin  to AS. fearr bull, ox; akin to OHG.
   farro,  G.  farre,  D.  vaars,  heifer,  G. f\'84rse, and perh. to Gr.
   (Zo\'94l.) A young cow.


   Heigh"-ho (h&imac;"-h&omac;), interj. An exclamation of surprise, joy,
   dejection, uneasiness, weariness, etc. Shak.


   Height  (?),  n.  [Written also hight.] [OE. heighte, heght, heighthe,
   AS.  he\'a0h,  fr.  heah  high;  akin  to D. hoogte, Sw. h\'94jd, Dan.
   h\'94ide, Icel. h\'91, Goth. hauhipa. See High.]

   1. The condition of being high; elevated position.

     Behold the height of the stars, how high they are! Job xxii. 12.

   2.  The distance to which anything rises above its foot, above that on
   which  in  stands,  above  the  earth,  or above the level of the sea;
   altitude;  the  measure  upward  from  a  surface, as the floor or the
   ground, of animal, especially of a man; stature. Bacon.

     [Goliath's] height was six cubits and a span. 1 Sam. xvii. 4.

   3. Degree of latitude either north or south. [Obs.]

     Guinea  lieth  to  the north sea, in the same height as Peru to the
     south. Abp. Abbot.

   4. That which is elevated; an eminence; a hill or mountain; as, Alpine
   heights. Dryden.

   5.  Elevation  in excellence of any kind, as in power, learning, arts;
   also, an advanced degree of social rank; pre\'89minence or distinction
   in society; prominence.

     Measure your mind's height by the shade it casts. R. Browning.

     All would in his power hold, all make his subjects. Chapman.

   6. Progress toward eminence; grade; degree.

     Social  duties  are  carried  to greater heights, and enforced with
     stronger motives by the principles of our religion. Addison.

   7.  Utmost degree in extent; extreme limit of energy or condition; as,
   the height of a fever, of passion, of madness, of folly; the height of
   a tempest.

     My grief was at the height before thou camest. Shak.

   On height, aloud. [Obs.]

     [He] spake these same words, all on hight. Chaucer.


   Height"en  (h&imac;t"'n),  v. t. [Written also highten.] [imp. & p. p.
   Heightened (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Heightening.]

   1. To make high; to raise higher; to elevate.

   2.  To  carry  forward;  to  advance;  to  increase;  to  augment;  to
   aggravate;  to  intensify;  to  render  more  conspicuous;  -- used of
   things, good or bad; as, to heighten beauty; to heighten a flavor or a
   tint. "To heighten our confusion." Addison.

     An aspect of mystery which was easily heightened to the miraculous.


   Height"en*er (?), n. [Written also hightener.] One who, or that which,


   Hei"nous  (?), a. [OF. ha\'8bnos hateful, F. haineux, fr. OF. ha\'8bne
   hate,  F.  haine,  fr.  ha\'8br  to hate; of German origin. See Hate.]
   Hateful;  hatefully  bad;  flagrant;  odious;  atrocious; giving great
   great offense; -- applied to deeds or to character.

     It were most heinous and accursed sacrilege. Hooker.

     How heinous had the fact been, how deserving Contempt! Milton.

   Syn.  --  Monstrous;  flagrant; flagitious; atrocious. -- Hei"nous*ly,
   adv. -- Hei"nous*ness, n.


   Heir  (?),  n. [OE. heir, eir, hair, OF. heir, eir, F. hoir, L. heres;
   of uncertain origin. Cf. Hereditary, Heritage.]

   1.  One  who inherits, or is entitled to succeed to the possession of,
   any property after the death of its owner; one on whom the law bestows
   the title or property of another at the death of the latter.

     I am my father's heir and only son. Shak.

   2.  One  who  receives any endowment from an ancestor or relation; as,
   the heir of one's reputation or virtues.

     And I his heir in misery alone. Pope.

   Heir  apparent.  (Law.)  See  under Apparent. -- Heir at law, one who,
   after  his  ancector's death, has a right to inherit all his intestate
   estate.  Wharton  (Law  Dict.).  --  Heir presumptive, one who, if the
   ancestor should die immediately, would be his heir, but whose right to
   the  inheritance may be defeated by the birth of a nearer relative, or
   by some other contingency.


   Heir (?), v. t. To inherit; to succeed to. [R.]

     One only daughter heired the royal state. Dryden.


   Heir"dom  (?),  n.  The  state  of an heir; succession by inheritance.


   Heir"ess, n, A female heir.


   Heir"less a. Destitute of an heir. Shak.


   Heir"loom`  (?),  n.  [Heir + loom, in its earlier sense of implement,
   tool.  See  Loom  the  frame.]  Any  furniture,  movable,  or personal
   chattel,  which  by  law  or special custom descends to the heir along
   with  the inheritance; any piece of personal property that has been in
   a family for several generations.

     Woe  to him whose daring hand profanes The honored heirlooms of his
     ancestors. Moir.


   Heir"ship  (?),  n.  The  state,  character, or privileges of an heir;
   right  of  inheriting.  Heirship  movables,  certain kinds of movables
   which  the  heir  is  entitled  to take, besides the heritable estate.


   He*ji"ra (?), n. See Hegira.

                Hektare, Hektogram, Hektoliter, AND Hektometer

   Hek"tare`,  Hek"to*gram,  Hek"to*li`ter, AND Hek"to*me`ter, n. Same as
   Hectare, Hectogram, Hectoliter, and Hectometer.


   Hek"to*graph (?), n. See Hectograph.


   Hel*a*mys  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) See Jumping hare, under


   Hel"co*plas`ty  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -plasty.] (Med.) The act or process of
   repairing lesions made by ulcers, especially by a plastic operation.


   Held (?), imp. & p. p. of Hold.


   Hele (?), n. [See Heal, n.] Health; welfare. [Obs.] "In joy and perfyt
   hele." Chaucer.


   Hele,  v.  t.  [AS. helan, akin to D. helen, OHG. helan, G. hehlen, L.
   celare.  &root;17.  See  Hell, and cf. Conceal.] To hide; to cover; to
   roof. [Obs.]

     Hide and hele things. Chaucer.


   Hel"e*na  (?),  n.  [L.:  cf.  Sp. helena.] See St. Elmo's fire, under


   Hel"e*nin  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A neutral organic substance found in the
   root  of  the  elecampane  (Inula  helenium), and extracted as a white
   crystalline  or  oily material, with a slightly bitter taste. <-- used
   to induce interferon -- contains RNA -->


   He"li*ac (?), a. Heliacal.


   He*li"a*cal  (?),  a.  [Gr.  h\'82liaque.] (Astron.) Emerging from the
   light  of  the sun, or passing into it; rising or setting at the same,
   or nearly the same, time as the sun. Sir T. Browne.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e heliacal rising of a star is when, after being in
     conjunction  with the sun, and invisible, it emerges from the light
     so  as  to  be  visible  in  the  morning  before sunrising. On the
     contrary, the heliacal setting of a star is when the sun approaches
     conjunction so near as to render the star invisible.


   He*li"a*cal*ly, adv. In a heliacal manner. De Quincey.


   He`li*an"thin  (?),  n.  [Prob.  fr. L. helianthes, or NL. helianthus,
   sunflower,  in  allusion  to its color.] (Chem.) An artificial, orange
   dyestuff,  analogous to tropaolin, and like it used as an indicator in
   alkalimetry; -- called also methyl orange.


   He`li*an"thoid   (?),   a.   (Zo\'94l.)   Of   or  pertaining  to  the


   He`li*an"thoi"de*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL., fr. L. helianthes sunflower +
   -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) An order of Anthozoa; the Actinaria.


   Hel"i*cal  (?),  a.  [From Helix.] Of or pertaining to, or in the form
   of,  a  helix;  spiral;  as, a helical staircase; a helical spring. --
   Hel"i*cal*ly, adv.


   Hel`i*chry"sum  (,  n.  [L.,  the  marigold, fr. Gr. (Bot.) A genus of
   composite plants, with shining, commonly white or yellow, or sometimes
   reddish,  radiated  involucres,  which  are  often called "everlasting


   He*lic"i*form  (?),  a.  [Helix  + -form.] Having the form of a helix;


   Hel"i*cin  (?), n. (Chem.) A glucoside obtained as a white crystalline
   substance  by partial oxidation of salicin, from a willow (Salix Helix
   of Linn\'91us.)


   Hel"i*cine  (?),  a. (Anat.) Curled; spiral; helicoid; -- applied esp.
   to certain arteries of the penis.


   Hel"li*co*graph`  (?),  n. [Helix + -graph.] An instrument for drawing
   spiral lines on a plane.


   Hel"i*coid (?), a. [Gr. h\'82lico\'8bde. See Helix.]

   1. Spiral; curved, like the spire of a univalve shell.

   2.   (Zo\'94l.)   Shaped   like  a  snail  shell;  pertaining  to  the
   Helicid\'91, or Snail family.
   Helicoid parabola (Math.), the parabolic spiral.


   Hel"i*coid,  n.  (Geom.)  A warped surface which may be generated by a
   straight  line  moving  in  such a manner that every point of the line
   shall have a uniform motion in the direction of another fixed straight
   line, and at the same time a uniform angular motion about it.


   Hel`i*coid"al (?), a. Same as Helicoid. -- Hel`i*coid"al*ly, adv.


   Hel"i*con  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr. Gr. A mountain in B\'d2otia, in Greece,
   supposed by the Greeks to be the residence of Apollo and the Muses.

     From  Helicon's  harmonious  springs  A  thousand  rills their mazy
     progress take. Gray.


   Hel`i*co"ni*a  (?),  n.  [NL. See Helicon.] (Zo\'94l.) One of numerous
   species  of  Heliconius, a genus of tropical American butterflies. The
   wings are usually black, marked with green, crimson, and white.


   Hel`i*co"ni*an (?), a. [L. Heliconius.]

   1. Of or pertaining to Helicon. "Heliconian honey." Tennyson.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Like  or  pertaining  to  the butterflies of the genus


   Hel`i*co"tre"ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.) The opening by which the
   two scal\'91 communicate at the top of the cochlea of the ear.


   He"li*o- (?). A combining form from Gr. "h`lios the sun.

                         Heliocentric, Heliocentrical

   He`li*o*cen"tric  (?),  He`li*o*cen"tric"al (?), a. [Helio- + centric,
   centrical:  cf.  F.  h\'82liocentrique.]  (Astron.)  pertaining to the
   sun's center, or appearing to be seen from it; having, or relating to,
   the  sun  as  a  center;  --  opposed  to  geocentrical.  Heliocentric
   parallax.   See  under  Parallax.  --  Heliocentric  place,  latitude,
   longitude,  etc.  (of  a  heavenly  body),  the  direction,  latitude,
   longitude, etc., of the body as viewed from the sun.


   He"li*o*chrome  (?),  n. [Helio- + Gr. A photograph in colors.<-- now,
   just color photograph --> R. Hunt.


   He`li*o*chro"mic (?), a. Pertaining to, or produced by, heliochromy.


   He"li*o*chro`my  (?), n. The art of producing photographs in color.<--
   color photography? -->


   He"li*o*graph (?), n. [Helio- + -graph.]ets>

   1. A picture taken by heliography; a photograph.

   2. An instrument for taking photographs of the sun.

   3.  An  apparatus  for  telegraphing  by  means of the sun's rays. See
   Heliotrope, 3.


   He`li*o*graph"ic  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  heliography  or  a
   heliograph; made by heliography. Heliographic chart. See under Chart.


   He`li*og"ra*phy (?), n. [Helio- + -graphy.] Photography. R. Hunt.


   He`li*o*grav"ure   (?),   n.  [F.  h\'82liogravure.]  The  process  of
   photographic engraving.


   He`li*ol"a*ter (?), n. [Helio- + Gr. A worshiper of the sun.


   He`li*ol"a*try (?), n. [Helio- + Gr. Sun worship. See Sabianism.


   He"li*o*lite (?), n. [Helio- + -lite.] (Paleon.) A fossil coral of the
   genus  Heliolites,  having  twelve-rayed  cells.  It  is  found in the
   Silurian rocks.


   He`li*om"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Helio-  + -meter: cf. F. h\'82liom\'8atre.]
   (Astron.)  An instrument devised originally for measuring the diameter
   of the sun; now employed for delicate measurements of the distance and
   relative direction of two stars too far apart to be easily measured in
   the field of view of an ordinary telescope.

                          Heliometric, Heliometrical

   He`li*o*met"ric  (?),  He`li*o*met"ric*al  (?), a. Of or pertaining to
   the heliometer, or to heliometry.


   He`li*om"e*try  (?),  n.  The  apart  or  practice  of  measuring  the
   diameters  of  heavenly  bodies,  their  relative  distances, etc. See


   He`li*op"o*ra  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An East Indian stony
   coral  now  known  to  belong  to  the Alcyonaria; -- called also blue


   He"li*o*scope  (?),  n.  [Helio-  +  -scope:  cf.  F.  h\'82lioscope.]
   (Astron.) A telescope or instrument for viewing the sun without injury
   to the eyes, as through colored glasses, or with mirrors which reflect
   but a small portion of light. -- He`li*o*scop`ic (#), a.


   He"li*o*stat  (?),  n.  [Helio-  +  Gr.  h\'82liostate.] An instrument
   consisting  of a mirror moved by clockwork, by which a sunbeam is made
   apparently  stationary,  by being steadily directed to one spot during
   the whole of its diurnal period; also, a geodetic heliotrope.


   He"li*o*trope   (?),   n.  [F.  h\'82liotrope,  L.  heliotropium,  Gr.
   Heliacal, Trope.]

   1.  (Anc.  Astron.)  An instrument or machine for showing when the sun
   arrived at the tropics and equinoctial line.

   2.  (Bot.)  A plant of the genus Heliotropium; -- called also turnsole
   and  girasole.  H.  Peruvianum is the commonly cultivated species with
   fragrant flowers.

   3.  (Geodesy  & Signal Service) An instrument for making signals to an
   observer  at  a  distance,  by  means  of the sun's rays thrown from a

   4. (Min.) See Bloodstone (a).
   Heliotrope purple, a grayish purple color.


   He"li*o*tro`per  (?),  n.  The  person  at  a geodetic station who has
   charge of the heliotrope.


   He`li*o*trop"ic  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Manifesting  heliotropism;  turning
   toward the sun.


   He`li*ot"ro*pism  (?),  n.  [Helio-  +  Gr.  (Bot.)  The phenomenon of
   turning toward the light, seen in many leaves and flowers.


   He"li*o*type  (?),  n.  [Helio-  +  -type.]  A picture obtained by the
   process of heliotypy.


   He`li*o*typ"ic (?), a. Relating to, or obtained by, heliotypy.


   He"li*o*ty`py   (?),   n.  A  method  of  transferring  pictures  from
   photographic   negatives   to   hardened  gelatin  plates  from  which
   impressions are produced on paper as by lithography.


   He`li*o*zo"a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  order of
   fresh-water  rhizopods  having  a  more  or  less  globular form, with
   slender radiating pseudopodia; the sun animalcule.

                          Helispheric, Helispherical

   Hel`i*spher"ic   (?),   Hel`i*spher"ic*al  (,  a.  [Helix  +  spheric,
   spherical.]  Spiral.  Helispherical  line  (Math.).  the rhomb line in
   navigation. [R.]


   He"li*um  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Chem.) A gaseous element found in the
   atmospheres  of the sun and earth and in some rare minerals.<-- Symbol
   He, atomic number 2. A noble (or rare) gas. -->

   Page 683


   He"lix  (?),  n.;  pl.  L. Helices (#), E. Helixes (#). [L. helix, Gr.
   volvere, and E. volute, voluble.]

   1. (Geom.) A nonplane curve whose tangents are all equally inclined to
   a  given  plane. The common helix is the curve formed by the thread of
   the  ordinary  screw.  It  is  distinguished  from the spiral, all the
   convolutions of which are in the plane.

   2.  (Arch.)  A  caulicule  or  little  volute  under the abacus of the
   Corinthian capital.

   3. (Anat.) The incurved margin or rim of the external ear. See Illust.
   of Ear.

   4.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus  of  land snails, including a large number of

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ge nus originally included nearly all shells, but
     is now greatly restricted. See Snail, Pulmonifera.


   Hell (?), n. [AS. hell; akin to D. hel, OHG. hella, G. h\'94lle, Icel.
   hal,  Sw.  helfvete,  Dan.  helvede,  Goth. halja, and to AS. helan to
   conceal. Hele, v. t., Conceal, Cell, Helmet, Hole, Occult.]

   1.  The  place  of  the  dead,  or of souls after death; the grave; --
   called in Hebrew sheol, and by the Greeks hades.

     He descended into hell. Book of Common Prayer.

     Thou wilt not leave my soul in hell. Ps. xvi. 10.

   2.  The  place  or state of punishment for the wicked after death; the
   abode of evil spirits. Hence, any mental torment; anguish. "Within him
   hell." Milton.

     It is a knell That summons thee to heaven or to hell. Shak.

   3.  A  place  where  outcast persons or things are gathered; as: (a) A
   dungeon  or  prison;  also, in certain running games, a place to which
   those  who are caught are carried for detention. (b) A gambling house.
   "A  convenient little gambling hell for those who had grown reckless."
   W.  Black.  (c)  A  place  into which a tailor throws his shreds, or a
   printer his broken type. Hudibras.
   Gates of hell. (Script.) See Gate, n., 4.


   Hell, v. t. To overwhelm. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Hel`la*nod"ic  (?), n. [Gr. (Gr. Antiq.) A judge or umpire in games or


   Hell"bend`er  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  large  North  American  aquatic
   salamander  (Protonopsis  horrida  or  Menopoma Alleghaniensis). It is
   very  voracious and very tenacious of life. Also called alligator, and
   water dog.


   Hell"born` (?), a. Born in or of hell. Shak.


   Hell`bred` (?), a. Produced in hell. Spenser.


   Hell"brewed` (?), a. Prepared in hell. Milton.


   Hell"broth`  (?),  n.  A  composition for infernal purposes; a magical
   preparation. Shak.


   Hell"-cat ` (?), n. A witch; a hag. Middleton.


   Hell`-div`er (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The dabchick.


   Hell`doomed` (?), a. Doomed to hell. Milton.


   Hel"le*bore  (?),  n.  [L.  helleborus,  elleborus,  Gr. hell\'82bore,

   1.  (Bot.)  A  genus  of  perennial herbs (Helleborus) of the Crowfoot
   family,   mostly   having  powerfully  cathartic  and  even  poisonous
   qualities.  H.  niger  is  the  European black hellebore, or Christmas
   rose,  blossoming in winter or earliest spring. H. officinalis was the
   officinal hellebore of the ancients.

   2.  (Bot.)  Any  plant  of several species of the poisonous liliaceous
   genus  Veratrum,  especially V. album and V. viride, both called white


   Hel`le*bo"re*in  (?),  n.  (Chem.)  A poisonous glucoside accompanying
   helleborin  in  several species of hellebore, and extracted as a white
   crystalline substance with a bittersweet taste. It has a strong action
   on the heart, resembling digitalin.


   Hel*leb"o*rin  (?  OR  ?),  n.  (Chem.) A poisonous glucoside found in
   several  species  of  hellebore,  and extracted as a white crystalline
   substance  with  a  sharp  tingling  taste. It possesses the essential
   virtues of the plant; -- called also elleborin.


   Hel"le*bo*rism  (?), n. The practice or theory of using hellebore as a


   Hel"lene  (?),  n. [Gr. A native of either ancient or modern Greece; a
   Greek. Brewer.


   Hel*le"ni*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Hellenes, or Greeks.


   Hel*len"ic  (?;  277),  a.  [Gr.  Of or pertaining to the Hellenes, or
   inhabitants  of  Greece; Greek; Grecian. "The Hellenic forces." Jowett
   (Thucyd. ).


   Hel*len"ic,  n.  The  dialect,  formed with slight variations from the
   Attic,   which  prevailed  among  Greek  writers  after  the  time  of


   Hel"len*ism (?), n. [Gr. Hell\'82nisme.]

   1.  A  phrase  or  form  of  speech  in  accordance  with  genius  and
   construction or idioms of the Greek language; a Grecism. Addison.

   2.  The type of character of the ancient Greeks, who aimed at culture,
   grace,  and  amenity,  as  the  chief elements in human well-being and


   Hel"len*ist (?), n. [Gr. Hell\'82niste.]

   1.  One who affiliates with Greeks, or imitates Greek manners; esp., a
   person  of Jewish extraction who used the Greek language as his mother
   tongue,  as  did  the  Jews  of  Asia Minor, Greece, Syria, and Egypt;
   distinguished from the Hebraists, or native Jews (Acts vi. 1).

   2.  One skilled in the Greek language and literature; as, the critical

                          Hellenistic, Hellenistical

   Hel`le*nis"tic    (?),    Hel`le*nis"tic*al    (?),    a.    [Cf.   F.
   Hell\'82nistique.] Pertaining to the Hellenists. Hellenistic language,
   dialect,  OR  idiom, the Greek spoken or used by the Jews who lived in
   countries where the Greek language prevailed; the Jewish-Greek dialect
   or idiom of the Septuagint.


   Hel`le*nis"tic*al*ly,  adv.  According  to  the  Hellenistic manner or
   dialect. J. Gregory.


   Hel"len*ize  (?),  v.  i.  [Gr. To use the Greek language; to play the
   Greek; to Grecize.


   Hel"len*ize  (?),  v. t. [Gr. To give a Greek form or character to; to
   Grecize; as, to Hellenize a word.


   Hel*len"o*type (?), n. See Ivorytype.


   Hel"les*pont  (?),  n.  [L.  Hellespontus, Gr. A narrow strait between
   Europe and Asia, now called the Daradanelles. It connects the \'92gean
   Sea and the sea of Marmora.


   Hel`les*pon"tine (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Hellespont. Mitford.

                            Hellgamite, Hellgramite

   Hell"ga*mite  (?),  Hell"gra*mite (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The aquatic larva
   of  a  large  American winged insect (Corydalus cornutus), much used a
   fish bait by anglers; the dobson. It belongs to the Neuroptera.


   Hell"hag` (?), n. A hag of or fit for hell. Bp. Richardson.


   Hell"-haunt`ed (, a. Haunted by devils; hellish. Dryden.


   Hell"hound` (?), n. [AS. hellehund.] A dog of hell; an agent of hell.

     A hellhound, that doth hunt us all to death. Shak.


   Hel"li*er  (?), n. [See Hele, v. t.] One who heles or covers; hence, a
   tiler, slater, or thatcher. [Obs.] [Written also heler.] Usher.


   Hell"ish  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  hell; like hell; infernal;
   malignant;  wicked; detestable; diabolical. "Hellish hate." Milton. --
   Hell"ish*ly, adv. -- Hell"ish*ness, n.


   Hell"kite` (?), n. A kite of infernal breed. Shak.


   Hel*lo" (?), interj. & n. See Halloo.


   Hell"ward (?), adv. Toward hell. Pope.


   Hell"y, a. [AS. hell\'c6c.] Hellish. Anderson (1573).


   Helm (?), n. See Haulm, straw.


   Helm (?), n. [OE. helme, AS. helma rudder; akin to D. & G. helm, Icel.
   hj\'belm, and perh. to E. helve.]

   1.  (Naut.)  The  apparatus  by  which  a  ship is steered, comprising
   rudder,  tiller,  wheel, etc.; -- commonly used of the tiller or wheel

   2.  The  place  or office of direction or administration. "The helm of
   the Commonwealth." Melmoth.

   3.  One  at  the  place of direction or control; a steersman; hence, a
   guide; a director.

     The helms o' the State, who care for you like fathers. Shak.

   4. [Cf. Helve.] A helve. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
   Helm  amidships,  when  the  tiller,  rudder, and keel are in the same
   plane.  --  Helm aport, when the tiller is borne over to the port side
   of  the  ship.  --  Helm  astarboard,  when the tiller is borne to the
   starboard  side. -- Helm alee, Helm aweather, when the tiller is borne
   over  to  the  lee  or  to the weather side. -- Helm hard alee OR hard
   aport,  hard  astarboard,  etc.,  when the tiller is borne over to the
   extreme  limit.  --  Helm  port,  the round hole in a vessel's counter
   through which the rudderstock passes. -- Helm down, helm alee. -- Helm
   up,  helm  aweather.  -- To ease the helm, to let the tiller come more
   amidships,  so  as  to lessen the strain on the rudder. -- To feel the
   helm,  to  obey  it.  -- To right the helm, to put it amidships. -- To
   shift  the helm, to bear the tiller over to the corresponding position
   on the opposite side of the vessel. Ham. Nav. Encyc.


   Helm,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Helmed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Helming.] To
   steer; to guide; to direct. [R.]

     The business he hath helmed. Shak.

     A  wild  wave  .  .  .  overbears  the bark, And him that helms it.


   Helm, n. [AS. See Helmet.]

   1. A helmet. [Poetic]

   2.  A  heavy  cloud  lying  on  the  brow  of a mountain. [Prov. Eng.]


   Helm,  v.  t.  To  cover or furnish with a helm or helmet. [Perh. used
   only as a past part. or part. adj.]

     She that helmed was in starke stours. Chaucer.


   Helm"age (?), n. Guidance; direction. [R.]


   Helm"ed (?), a. Covered with a helmet.

     The helmed cherubim Are seen in glittering ranks. Milton.


   Hel"met  (?),  n.  [OF. helmet, a dim of helme, F. heaume; of Teutonic
   origin;  cf.  G.  helm, akin to AS. & OS. helm, D. helm, helmet, Icel.
   hj\'belmr, Sw. hjelm, Dan. hielm, Goth. hilms; and prob. from the root
   of  AS.  helan to hide, to hele; cf. also Lith. szalmas, Russ. shleme,
   Skr. \'87arman protection. &root;17. Cf. Hele, Hell, Helm a helmet.]

   1.  (Armor)  A defensive covering for the head. See Casque, Headpiece,
   Morion, Sallet, and Illust. of Beaver.

   2.  (Her.)  The  representation  of  a helmet over shields or coats of
   arms, denoting gradations of rank by modifications of form.

   3.  A  helmet-shaped hat, made of cork, felt, metal, or other suitable
   material, worn as part of the uniform of soldiers, firemen, etc., also
   worn in hot countries as a protection from the heat of the sun.

   4.  That  which  resembles  a  helmet in form, position, etc.; as: (a)
   (Chem.)  The upper part of a retort. Boyle. (b) (Bot.) The hood-formed
   upper  sepal  or  petal  of  some  flowers, as of the monkshood or the
   snapdragon.  (c)  (Zo\'94l.) A naked shield or protuberance on the top
   or fore part of the head of a bird.
   Helmet   beetle   (Zo\'94l.),  a  leaf-eating  beetle  of  the  family
   Chrysomelid\'91,  having  a  short,  broad,  and  flattened body. Many
   species  are known. -- Helmet shell (Zo\'94l.), one of many species of
   tropical marine univalve shells belonging to Cassis and allied genera.
   Many  of  them are large and handsome; several are used for cutting as
   cameos,  and  hence are called cameo shells. See King conch. -- Helmet
   shrike  (Zo\'94l.),  an  African  wood  shrike of the genus Prionodon,
   having a large crest.


   Hel`met*ed (?), a. Wearing a helmet; furnished with or having a helmet
   or helmet-shaped part; galeate.


   Hel"met-shaped`  (,  a.  Shaped like a helmet; galeate. See Illust. of


   Hel"minth  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  An intestinal worm, or wormlike
   intestinal parasite; one of the Helminthes.


   Hel*min"tha*gogue (?), n. [Gr. (Med.) A vermifuge.


   Hel*min"thes  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) One of the grand
   divisions  or  branches  of  the  animal  kingdom. It is a large group
   including  a  vast  number  of  species,  most of which are parasitic.
   Called also Enthelminthes, Enthelmintha.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e fo llowing cl asses ar e included, with others of
     less  importance: Cestoidea (tapeworms), Trematodea (flukes, etc.),
     Turbellaria  (planarians),  Acanthocephala (thornheads), Nematoidea
     (roundworms,   trichina,   gordius),  Nemertina  (nemerteans).  See
     Plathelminthes, and Nemathelminthes.


   Hel`min*thi"a*sis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Med.) A disease in which
   worms are present in some part of the body.


   Hel*min"thic  (?),  a. [Cf. F. helminthique.] Of or relating to worms,
   or Helminthes; expelling worms. -- n. A vermifuge; an anthelmintic.


   Hel*min"thite  (?),  n.  [Gr. (Geol.) One of the sinuous tracks on the
   surfaces of many stones, and popularly considered as worm trails.


   Hel*min"thoid (?), a. [Gr. -oid.] Wormlike; vermiform.

                       Helminthologic, Helminthological

   Hel*min`tho*log"ic    (?),    Hel*min`tho*log"ic*al,    a.   [Cf.   F.
   helminthologique.] Of or pertaining to helminthology.


   Hel`min*thol"o*gist  (?),  n. [Cf. F. helminthologiste.] One versed in


   Hel`min*thol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -logy:  cf. F. helminthologie.] The
   natural history, or study, of worms, esp. parasitic worms.


   Helm"less (?), a.

   1. Destitute of a helmet.

   2. Without a helm or rudder. Carlyle.


   Helms"man (?), n.; pl. Helmsmen (. The man at the helm; a steersman.


   Helm"wind`  (?),  n.  A wind attending or presaged by the cloud called
   helm. [Prov. Eng.]


   He"lot  (?;  277),  n.  [L. Helotes, Hilotae, pl., fr. Gr. E'e`lws and
   E'elw`ths  a  bondman  or serf of the Spartans; so named from 'Elos, a
   town  of  Laconia,  whose  inhabitants were enslaved; or perh. akin to
   e`lei^n  to  take,  conquer,  used  as  2d  aor. of A slave in ancient
   Sparta; a Spartan serf; hence, a slave or serf.

     Those unfortunates, the Helots of mankind, more or less numerous in
     every community. I. Taylor.


   He"lot*ism  (?),  n.  The condition of the Helots or slaves in Sparta;


   He"lot*ry  (?),  n.  The  Helots, collectively; slaves; bondsmen. "The
   Helotry of Mammon." Macaulay.


   Help  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Helped (?) (Obs. imp. Holp (, p. p.
   Holpen  (;  p. pr. & vb. n. Helping.] [AS. helpan; akin to OS. helpan,
   D.  helpen,  G. helfen, OHG. helfan, Icel. hj\'belpa, Sw. hjelpa, Dan.
   hielpe, Goth. hilpan; cf. Lith. szelpti, and Skr. klp to be fitting.]

   1. To furnish with strength or means for the successful performance of
   any  action or the attainment of any object; to aid; to assist; as, to
   help  a  man  in  his  work; to help one to remember; -- the following
   infinitive  is  commonly  used  without  to;  as,  "Help  me scale yon
   balcony." Longfellow.

   2.  To furnish with the means of deliverance from trouble; as, to help
   one in distress; to help one out of prison. "God help, poor souls, how
   idly do they talk!" Shak.

   3.  To  furnish  with  relief,  as  in pain or disease; to be of avail
   against;  --  sometimes  with of before a word designating the pain or
   disease,  and  sometimes having such a word for the direct object. "To
   help  him of his blindness." <-- now, in is used for that function; --
   "to help him in his misery" --> Shak.

     The true calamus helps coughs. Gerarde.

   Page 684

   4. To change for the better; to remedy.

     Cease to lament for what thou canst not help. Shak.

   5.  To  prevent;  to hinder; as, the evil approaches, and who can help
   it? Swift.

   6. To forbear; to avoid.

     I  can  not  help  remarking  the  resemblance  betwixt him and our
     author. Pope.

   <-- often used with "but" -->

   7. To wait upon, as the guests at table, by carving and passing food.
   To help forward, to assist in advancing. -- To help off, to help to go
   or pass away, as time; to assist in removing. Locke. -- To help on, to
   forward;  to  promote by aid. -- To help out, to aid, as in delivering
   from a difficulty, or to aid in completing a design or task.

     The  god  of learning and of light Would want a god himself to help
     him out. Swift.

   --  To  help  over,  to  enable  to  surmount; as, to help one over an
   obstacle.  -- To help to, to supply with; to furnish with; as, to help
   one  to  soup.  --  To  help up, to help (one) to get up; to assist in
   rising,  as  after  a  fall, and the like. "A man is well holp up that
   trusts  to you." Shak. Syn. -- To aid; assist; succor; relieve; serve;
   support;  sustain;  befriend. -- To Help, Aid, Assist. These words all
   agree  in  the  idea  of affording relief or support to a person under
   difficulties. Help turns attention especially to the source of relief.
   If I fall into a pit, I call for help; and he who helps me out does it
   by  an  act  of  his  own.  Aid turns attention to the other side, and
   supposes  co\'94peration  on  the  part of him who is relieved; as, he
   aided  me  in getting out of the pit; I got out by the aid of a ladder
   which he brought. Assist has a primary reference to relief afforded by
   a person who "stands by" in order to relieve. It denotes both help and
   aid.  Thus,  we  say of a person who is weak, I assisted him upstairs,
   or,  he  mounted  the  stairs by my assistance. When help is used as a
   noun,  it  points  less distinctively and exclusively to the source of
   relief, or, in other words, agrees more closely with aid. Thus we say,
   I got out of a pit by the help of my friend.


   Help  (?),  v. i. To lend aid or assistance; to contribute strength or
   means; to avail or be of use; to assist.

     A  generous  present  helps  to  persuade,  as well as an agreeable
     person. Garth.

   To help out, to lend aid; to bring a supply.


   Help,  n.  [AS.  help;  akin  to  D.  hulp,  G. h\'81lfe, hilfe, Icel.
   hj\'belp, Sw. hjelp, Dan. hielp. See Help, v. t.]

   1.  Strength  or  means  furnished  toward  promoting  an  object,  or
   deliverance  from  difficulty or distress; aid; ^; also, the person or
   thing furnishing the aid; as, he gave me a help of fifty dollars.

     Give us help from trouble, for vain is the help of man. Ps. lx. 11.

     God is . . . a very present help in trouble. Ps. xlvi. 1.

     Virtue is a friend and a help to nature. South.

   2. Remedy; relief; as, there is no help for it.

   3. A helper; one hired to help another; also, thew hole force of hired
   helpers in any business.

   4. Specifically, a domestic servant, man or woman. [Local, U. S.]


   Help"er  (?),  n.  One  who,  or  that which, helps, aids, assists, or
   relieves; as, a lay helper in a parish.

     Thou art the helper of the fatherless. Ps. x. 14.

     Compassion . . . oftentimes a helper of evils. Dr. H. More.


   Help"ful  (?),  a.  Furnishing  help;  giving  aid; assistant; useful;

     Heavens make our presence and our practices Pleasant and helpful to
     him! Shak.

   -- Help"ful*ly, adv. -- Help"ful*ness, n. Milton.


   Help"less, a.

   1. Destitute of help or strength; unable to help or defend one's self;
   needing help; feeble; weak; as, a helpless infant.

     How shall I then your helpless fame defend? Pope.

   2. Beyond help; irremediable.

     Some  helpless  disagreement  or  dislike,  either of mind or body.

   3. Bringing no help; unaiding. [Obs.]

     Yet  since  the  gods  have  been Helpless foreseers of my plagues.

   4. Unsupplied; destitute; -- with of. [R.]

     Helpless of all that human wants require. Dryden.

   -- Help"less*ly, adv. -- Help"less*ness, n.


   Help"mate` (?), n. [A corruption of the "help meet for him" of Genesis
   ii. 18.Fitzedward Hall.] A helper; a companion; specifically, a wife.

     In  Minorca the ass and the hog are common helpmates, and are yoked
     together in order to turn up the land. Pennant.

     A  waiting  woman  was  generally  considered  as the most suitable
     helpmate for a parson. Macaulay.


   Help"meet` (?), n. [See Helpmate.] A wife; a helpmate.

     The Lord God created Adam, . . . and afterwards, on his finding the
     want  of  a helpmeet, caused him to sleep, and took one of his ribs
     and thence made woman. J. H. Newman.


   Hel"ter-skel"ter  (?),  adv.  [An  onomatholter-polter,  D.  holder de
   bolder.]   In   hurry   and   confusion;   without  definite  purpose;
   irregularly. [Colloq.]

     Helter-skelter have I rode to thee. Shak.

     A  wistaria  vine  running  helter-skelter  across  the roof. J. C.


   Helve (?), n. [OE. helve, helfe, AS. hielf, helf, hylf, cf. OHG. halb;
   and also E. halter, helm of a rudder.]

   1. The handle of an ax, hatchet, or adze.

   2.  (Iron  Working)  (a)  The  lever at the end of which is the hammer
   head,  in  a forge hammer. (b) A forge hammer which is lifted by a cam
   acting on the helve between the fulcrum and the head.


   Helve,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Helved (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Helving.] To
   furnish with a helve, as an ax.


   Hel*ve"tian (?), a. Same as Helvetic. -- n. A Swiss; a Switzer.


   Hel*ve"tic  (?),  a. [L. Helveticus, fr. Helvetii the Helvetii.] Of or
   pertaining  to  the  Helvetii, the ancient inhabitant of the Alps, now
   Switzerland,  or  to  the  modern  states and inhabitant of the Alpine
   regions; as, the Helvetic confederacy; Helvetic states.

                               Helvine, Helvite

   Hel"vine  (?),  Hel"vite  (?),  n.  [L.  helvus of a light bay color.]
   (Min.)  A  mineral of a yellowish color, consisting chiefly of silica,
   glucina, manganese, and iron, with a little sulphur.


   Hem  (?),  pron. [OE., fr. AS. him, heom, dative pl. of. h he. See He,
   They.] Them [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hem,   interj.   An  onomatopoetic  word  used  as  an  expression  of
   hesitation,  doubt,  etc.  It is often a sort of voluntary half cough,
   loud or subdued, and would perhaps be better expressed by hm.

     Cough or cry hem, if anybody come. Shak.


   Hem,  n.  An  utterance  or  sound  of  the  voice,  hem  or hm, often
   indicative  of  hesitation or doubt, sometimes used to call attention.
   "His morning hems." Spectator.


   Hem, v. i. [Hem, interj.] To make the sound expressed by the word hem;
   hence, to hesitate in speaking. "Hem, and stroke thy beard." Shak.


   Hem, n. [AS. hem, border, margin; cf. Fries. h\'84mel, Prov. G. hammel
   hem of mire or dirt.]

   1.  The  edge or border of a garment or cloth, doubled over and sewed,
   to strengthen raveling.

   2. Border; edge; margin. "Hem of the sea." Shak.

   3.  A border made on sheet-metal ware by doubling over the edge of the
   sheet, to stiffen it and remove the sharp edge.


   Hem, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hemmed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hemming.]

   1.  To  form  a  hem  or  border to; to fold and sew down the edge of.

   2. To border; to edge

     All the skirt about Was hemmed with golden fringe. Spenser.

   To  hem  about, around, OR in, to inclose and confine; to surround; to
   environ. "With valiant squadrons round about to hem." Fairfax. "Hemmed
   in to be a spoil to tyranny." Daniel. -- To hem out, to shut out. "You
   can not hem me out of London." J. Webster.
   Hem"a- (?). Same as H\'91ma-.
   Hem"a*chate  (?),  n.  [L. haemachates; Gr. (Min.) A species of agate,
   sprinkled with spots of red jasper.
   Hem"a*chrome (?), n. Same as H\'91machrome.
   Hem"a*cite  (?), n. [Gr. a"i^ma blood.] A composition made from blood,
   mixed  with  mineral or vegetable substances, used for making buttons,
   door knobs, etc. 

                         Hemadrometer, Hemadromometer

   Hem`a*drom"e*ter   (?),  Hem`a*dro*mom"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Hema-  +  Gr.
   -meter.]  (Physiol.)  An  instrument  for  measuring the velocity with
   which the blood moves in the arteries.<-- now hemodromometer -->

                         Hemadrometry, Hemadromometry

   Hem`a*drom`e*try  (?),  Hem`a*dro*mom"e*try (?), n. (Physiol.) The act
   of  measuring  the  velocity  with  which  the blood circulates in the
   arteries; h\'91motachometry.


   He`ma*dy*nam"ics (?), n. [Hema- + dynamics.] (Physiol.) The principles
   of  dynamics  in  their application to the blood; that part of science
   which treats of the motion of the blood.


   He`ma*dy"na*mom"e*ter  (?),  n.  [Hema-  +  dynamometr.] (Physiol.) An
   instrument  by  which  the  pressure  of the blood in the arteries, or
   veins,  is  measured  by the height to which it will raise a column of
   mercury; -- called also a h\'91momanometer.


   He"mal  (?),  a.  [Gr.  a"i^ma  blood.] Relating to the blood or blood
   vessels;  pertaining  to,  situated  in  the region of, or on the side
   with, the heart and great blood vessels; -- opposed to neural.

     NOTE: &hand; As  ap plied to  ve rtebrates, he mal is  th e same as
     ventral,  the  heart  and great blood vessels being on the ventral,
     and the central nervous system on the dorsal, side of the vertebral

   Hemal  arch  (Anat.),  the  ventral  arch  in  a segment of the spinal
   skeleton, formed by vertebral processes or ribs.


   Hem`a*ph\'91"in (?), n. Same as H\'91maph\'91in.


   Hem`a*poph"y*sis  (?),  n.;  pl. Hemapophyses . [NL. See H\'91ma-, and
   Apophysis.]  (Anat.)  The second element in each half of a hemal arch,
   corresponding   to   the   sternal   part   of   a   rib.   Owen.   --
   Hem`a*po*phys"i*al (#), a.

                           Hemastatic, Hemastatical

   Hem`a*stat"ic (?), Hem`a*stat"ic*al (?), a. & n. Same as Hemostatic.


   Hem`a*stat"ics  (?), n. (Physiol.) Laws relating to the equilibrium of
   the blood in the blood vessels.


   Hem`a*ta*chom"e*ter (?), n. Same as H\'91matachometer.


   Hem`a*te"in (?), n. [Gr. (Chem.) A reddish brown or violet crystalline
   substance,  C16H12O6,  got  from hematoxylin by partial oxidation, and
   regarded as analogous to the phthaleins.


   Hem`a*tem"e*sis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  a"i^ma, a"i`matos, blood +
   (Med.) A vomiting of blood.


   Hem"a*therm  (?),  n.  [Gr.  a"i^ma  blood + (Zo\'94l.) A warm-blooded
   animal. [R.]


   Hem`a*ther"mal (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Warm-blooded; hematothermal. [R]


   He*mat"ic (?), a. Same as H\'91matic.


   He*mat"ic,  n.  (Med.) A medicine designed to improve the condition of
   the blood.


   Hem"a*tin (?), n. [Gr. a"i^ma, a"i`matos, blood.]

   1. Hematoxylin.

   2.  (Physiol.  Chem.)  A  bluish black, amorphous substance containing
   iron  and  obtained  from  blood.  It  exists the red blood corpuscles
   united  with  globulin,  and  the  form of hemoglobin or oxyhemoglobin
   gives to the blood its red color.


   Hem`a*ti*nom"e*ter (?), n. [Hematin + -meter.] (Physiol. Chem.) A form
   of hemoglobinometer.


   Hem`a*tin`o*met"ric  (?), a. (Physiol.) Relating to the measurement of
   the  amount  of  hematin  or  hemoglobin  contained in blood, or other


   He*mat"i*non  (?), n. [Gr. a"i^ma, a"i`matos, blood.] A red consisting
   of  silica,  borax, and soda, fused with oxide of copper and iron, and
   used in enamels, mosaics, etc.


   Hem"a*tite  (?),  n.  [L.  haematites,  Gr. a"i^ma, a"i`matos, blood.]
   (Min.) An important ore of iron, the sesquioxide, so called because of
   the  red  color  of  the  powder.  It occurs in splendent rhombohedral
   crystals,  and  in  massive  and  earthy forms; -- the last called red
   ocher. Called also specular iron, oligist iron, rhombohedral iron ore,
   and bloodstone. See Brown hematite, under Brown.


   Hem`a*tit"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to hematite, or resembling it.


   Hem"a*to (?). See H\'91ma-.


   He*mat"o*cele (?), n. [Hemato- + Gr. h\'82matoc\'8ale.] (Med.) A tumor
   filled with blood.


   Hem`a*toc"ry*a  (?),  n.  pl. [NL., fr. Gr. a"i^ma, a"i`matos, blood +
   kry`os  cold.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The cold-blooded vertebrates, that is, all
   but the mammals and birds; -- the antithesis to Hematotherma.


   Hem`a*to*crys"tal*lin  (?),  n. [Hemato + crystalline.] (Physiol.) See


   Hem"a*toid (?), a. [Hemato- + -oid.] (Physiol.) Resembling blood.


   Hem`a*toid"in  (?),  n.  (Physiol.  Chem.)  A crystalline or amorphous
   pigment,  free from iron, formed from hematin in old blood stains, and
   in  old  hemorrhages in the body. It resembles bilirubin. When present
   in the corpora lutea it is called h\'91molutein.


   Hem`a*tol"o*gy  (?), n. [Hemato- + -logy.] The science which treats of
   the blood.


   Hem`a*to"ma  (?), n. [NL. See Hema-, and -oma.] (Med.) A circumscribed
   swelling produced by an effusion of blood beneath the skin.


   Hem`a*to*phil"i*a  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. a"i^ma, a"i`matos, blood +
   (Med.)  A  condition  characterized  by  a  tendency  to  profuse  and
   uncontrollable  hemorrhage  from the slightest wounds.<-- = hemophilia


   Hem`a*to"sin (?), n. (Physiol. Chem.) The hematin of blood. [R.]


   Hem`a*to"sis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  a"ima`twsis.]  (Physiol.) (a)
   Sanguification;   the   conversion   of  chyle  into  blood.  (b)  The
   arterialization  of  the blood in the lungs; the formation of blood in
   general; h\'91matogenesis.


   Hem`a*to*ther"ma (?), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. a"i^ma, a"i`matos, blood +
   thermo`s  warm.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The warm-blooded vertebrates, comprising
   the mammals and birds; -- the antithesis to hematocrya.


   Hem"a*to*ther"mal (?), a. Warm-blooded.


   Hem`a*tox"y*lin (?), n. H\'91matoxylin.


   Hem`a*tu"ri*a  (?),  n.  [NL. See Hema-, and Urine.] (Med.) Passage of
   urine mingled with blood.


   Hem`au*tog"ra*phy  (?), n. (Physiol.) The obtaining of a curve similar
   to  a  pulse curve or sphygmogram by allowing the blood from a divided
   artery to strike against a piece of paper.

                           Hemelytron OR, Hemelytrum

   Hem*el"y*tron  (?  OR ?), Hem*el"y*trum (-tr&ucr;m cf. Elytron, 277),,
   n.;  pl.  Hemelytra  (. [NL. See Hemi, and Elytron.] (Zo\'94l.) One of
   the  partially thickened anterior wings of certain insects, as of many
   Hemiptera, the earwigs, etc.


   Hem`e*ra*lo"pi*a  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. Nyctalopia.] (Med.) A disease
   of  the  eyes,  in  consequence  of  which a person can see clearly or
   without pain only by daylight or a strong artificial light; day sight.

     NOTE: &hand; So me wr iters (as Quain) use the word in the opposite
     sense, i. e., day blindness. See Nyctalopia.


   Hem`er*o"bi*an  (?),  n.  [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A neuropterous insect of the
   genus Hemerobius, and allied genera.


   He*mer"o*bid (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of relating to the hemerobians.


   Hem`e*ro*cal"lis  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A genus of plants, some
   species of which are cultivated for their beautiful flowers; day lily.


   Hem"i- (?). [Gr. "hmi-. See Semi-.] A prefix signifying half.


   Hem`i*al*bu"min  (?),  n.  [Hemi- + albumin.] (Physiol. Chem.) Same as


   Hem`i*al"bu"mose`  (?),  n.  [Hemi-  +  albumose.] (Physiol. Chem.) An
   albuminous substance formed in gastric digestion, and by the action of
   boiling  dilute  acids  on  albumin.  It  is  readily convertible into
   hemipeptone. Called also hemialbumin.


   Hem`i*an`\'91s*the"si*a   (?),  n.  [Hemi-  +  an\'91sthesia.]  (Med.)
   An\'91sthesia upon one side of the body.


   Hem`i*bran"chi  (?),  n. pl. [NL. See Hemi-, and Branchia.] (Zo\'94l.)
   An   order  of  fishes  having  an  incomplete  or  reduced  branchial
   apparatus.   It   includes  the  sticklebacks,  the  flutemouths,  and


   Hem`i*car"di*a  (?), n. [NL. See Hemi-, and Cardia.] (Anat.) A lateral
   half of the heart, either the right or left. B. G. Wilder.


   Hem`i*carp  (?),  n.  [Hemi-  + Gr. (Bot.) One portion of a fruit that
   spontaneously divides into halves.


   Hem`i*cer"e*brum (?), n. [Hemi- + cerebrum.] (Anat.) A lateral half of
   the cerebrum. Wilder.


   Hem`i*col"lin   (?),   n.  [Hemi-  +  collin.]  (Physiol.  Chem.)  See


   Hem`i*cra"ni*a  (?), n. [L.: cf. F. h\'82micr\'83nie. See Cranium, and
   Megrim.] (Med.) A pain that affects only one side of the head.


   Hem"i*cra`ny (?), n. (Med.) Hemicranis.


   Hem"i*cy`cle (?), n. [L. hemicyclus, Gr.

   1. A half circle; a semicircle.

   Page 685

   2.  A semicircular place, as a semicircular arena, or room, or part of
   a room.

     The  collections  will be displayed in the hemicycle of the central
     pavilion. London Academy.


   Hem`i*dac"tyl  (?), n. [See Hemi-, and Dactyl.] (Zo\'94l.) Any species
   of  Old  World geckoes of the genus Hemidactylus. The hemidactyls have
   dilated toes, with two rows of plates beneath.


   Hem`i-dem`i-sem"i*quaver  (?),  n. [Hemi- + demi-semiquaver.] (Mus.) A
   short  note,  equal to one fourth of a semiquaver, or the sixty-fourth
   part of a whole note.


   Hem`i*di"tone  (?),  n. [Hemi- + ditone.] (Gr. Mus.) The lesser third.


   He*mig"a*mous  (?),  a.  [Hemi-  +  Gr.  (Bot.)  Having one of the two
   florets  in the same spikelet neuter, and the other unisexual, whether
   male or female; -- said of grasses.


   Hem"i*glyph (?), n. [Hemi- + Gr. (Arch.) The half channel or groove in
   the edge of the triglyph in the Doric order.


   Hem`i*he"dral  (?),  a.  [Hemi- + Gr. (Crystallog.) Having half of the
   similar  parts  of  a crystals, instead of all; consisting of half the
   planes  which  full  symmetry would require, as when a cube has planes
   only  on half of its eight solid angles, or one plane out of a pair on
   each  of  its  edges;  or  as  in  the case of a tetrahedron, which is
   hemihedral  to  an  octahedron,  it  being contained under four of the
   planes of an octahedron. -- Hem`i*he"dral*ly, adv.


   Hem`i*he"drism  (?),  n.  (Crystallog.)  The property of crystallizing


   Hem`i*he"dron  (?), n. (Crystallog.) A solid hemihedrally derived. The
   tetrahedron is a hemihedron.


   Hem`i*hol`o*he"dral   (?),  a.  [Hemi-  +  holohedral.]  (Crystallog.)
   Presenting  hemihedral forms, in which half the sectants have the full
   number of planes.


   Hem`i*mel*lit"ic  (?),  a.  [Hemi- + mellitic.] (Chem.) Having half as
   many (three) carboxyl radicals as mellitic acid; -- said of an organic


   Hem`i*me*tab"o*la   (?),   n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Hemi-,  and  Metabola.]
   (Zo\'94l.) Those insects which have an incomplete metamorphosis.


   Hem`i*met`a*bol"ic   (?),   a.   (Zo\'94l.)   Having   an   incomplete
   metamorphosis,  the  larv\'91  differing  from  the  adults chiefly in
   laking wings, as in the grasshoppers and cockroaches.


   Hem`i*mor"phic  (?), a. [Hemi- + Gr. (Crystallog.) Having the two ends
   modified with unlike planes; -- said of a crystal.


   He"min  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Physiol.  Chem.)  A substance, in the form of
   reddish  brown,  microscopic,  prismatic  crystals,  formed from dried
   blood  by  the action of strong acetic acid and common salt; -- called
   also  Teichmann's  crystals.  Chemically,  it  is  a  hydrochloride of

     NOTE: &hand; Th e obtaining of these small crystals, from old blood
     clots  or  suspected  blood  stains,  constitutes  one  of the best
     evidences of the presence of blood.


   He*mi"na (?), n.; pl. Hemin\'91 (#). [L., fr. Gr.

   1. (Rom. Antiq.) A measure of half a sextary. Arbuthnot.

   2. (Med.) A measure equal to about ten fluid ounces.


   He*mi"o*nus  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) A wild ass found in
   Thibet; the kiang. Darwin.

                              Hemiopia, Hemiopsia

   Hem`i*o"pi*a  (?), Hem`i*op"si*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) A defect
   of  vision in consequence of which a person sees but half of an object
   looked at.


   Hem`i*or"tho*type (?), a. [Hemi- + Gr. -type.] Same as Monoclinic.


   Hem`i*pep"tone  (?),  n. [Hemi- + peptone.] (Physiol. Chem.) A product
   of the gastric and pancreatic digestion of albuminous matter.

     NOTE: &hand; Un like an tipeptone it is convertible into leucin and
     tyrosin,  by the continued action of pancreatic juice. See Peptone.
     It  is  also  formed from hemialbumose and albumin by the action of
     boiling dilute sulphuric acid.


   Hem`i*ple"gi*a  (?),  n.[NL.,  fr.  Gr. h\'82miplagie.] (Med.) A palsy
   that affects one side only of the body. -- Hem`i"pleg"ic (#), a.


   Hem"i*ple`gy (?), n. (Med.) Hemiplegia.


   Hem"i*pode  (?),  n.  [Hemi-  +  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) Any bird of the genus
   Turnix. Various species inhabit Asia, Africa, and Australia.


   Hem`i*pro"te*in  (?),  n.  [Hemi-  +  protein.]  (Physiol.  Chem.)  An
   insoluble,  proteid  substance, described by Sch\'81tzenberger, formed
   when albumin is heated for some time with dilute sulphuric acid. It is
   apparently identical with antialbumid and dyspeptone.


   He*mip"ter  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. h\'82mipt\'8ares, pl.] (Zo\'94l.) One of
   the Hemiptera.


   He*mip"te*ra  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An order of hexapod
   insects  having  a  jointed  proboscis,  including  four sharp stylets
   (mandibles  and  maxill\'91),  for  piercing.  In  many of the species
   (Heteroptera)  the front wings are partially coriaceous, and different
   from the others.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ey ar e divided into the Heteroptera, including the
     squash bug, soldier bug, bedbug, etc.; the Homoptera, including the
     cicadas,  cuckoo  spits,  plant  lice,  scale  insects,  etc.;  the
     Thysanoptera,  including  the thrips, and, according to most recent
     writers, the Pediculina or true lice.

                            Hemipteral, Hemipterous

   He*mip"ter*al  (?), He*mip"ter*ous (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining
   to the Hemiptera.


   He*mip"ter*an (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Hemiptera; an hemipter.


   Hem`i*sect"  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Hemisected; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hemisecting.]  [Hemi- + L. secare to cut.] (Anat.) To divide along the
   mesial plane.


   Hem`i*sec"tion  (?),  n.  (Anat.)  A  division along the mesial plane;
   also, one of the parts so divided.


   Hem"i*sphere  (?),  n.  [L.  hemisphaerium,  Gr. h\'82misph\'8are. See
   Hemi-, and Sphere.]

   1.  A  half  sphere;  one half of a sphere or globe, when divided by a
   plane passing through its center.

   2. Half of the terrestrial globe, or a projection of the same in a map
   or picture.

   3. The people who inhabit a hemisphere.

     He died . . . mourned by a hemisphere. J. P. Peters.

   ten  Cerebral hemispheres. (Anat.) See Brain. -- Magdeburg hemispheres
   (Physics),  two  hemispherical  cups  forming, when placed together, a
   cavity  from which the air can be withdrawn by an air pump; -- used to
   illustrate the pressure of the air. So called because invented by Otto
   von Guericke at Magdeburg.
                          Hemispheric, Hemispherical
   Hem`i*spher"ic    (?),    Hem`i*spher"ic*al    (?),    a.    [Cf.   F.
   h\'82misph\'82rique.]  Containing, or pertaining to, a hemisphere; as,
   a hemispheric figure or form; a hemispherical body. 


   Hem`i*sphe"roid (?), n. [Hemi- + spheroid.] A half of a spheroid.


   Hem`i*sphe*roid"al   (?),   a.  Resembling,  or  approximating  to,  a
   hemisphere in form.


   Hem`i*spher"ule (?), n. A half spherule.


   Hem"i*stich  (?;  277),  n. [L. hemistichium, Gr. "hmisti`chion; "hmi-
   half + sti`chos row, line, verse: cf. F. h\'82mistiche.] Half a poetic
   verse or line, or a verse or line not completed.


   He*mis"ti*chal (?), a. Pertaining to, or written in, hemistichs; also,
   by,  or  according  to,  hemistichs;  as,  a hemistichal division of a


   Hem`i*sys"to*le  (?),  n. (Physiol.) Contraction of only one ventricle
   of the heart.

     NOTE: &hand; He misystole is noticed in rare cases of insufficiency
     of  the  mitral  valve,  in which both ventricles at times contract
     simultaneously,  as  in  a normal heart, this condition alternating
     with  contraction of the right ventricle alone; hence, intermittent


   Hem"i*tone (?), n. [L. hemitonium, Gr. See Semitone.

                            Hemitropal, Hemitropous

   He*mit"ro*pal (?), He*mit"ro*pous (?), a. [See Hemitrope.]

   1. Turned half round; half inverted.

   2.  (Bot.)  Having  the  raphe  terminating about half way between the
   chalaza and the orifice; amphitropous; -- said of an ovule. Gray.


   Hem"i*trope  (?),  a.  [Hemi-  + Gr. h\'82mitrope.] Half turned round;
   half inverted; (Crystallog.) having a twinned structure.


   Hem"i*trope,   n.   That   which   is   hemitropal   in  construction;
   (Crystallog.) a twin crystal having a hemitropal structure.


   He*mit"ro*py (?), n. (Crystallog.) Twin composition in crystals.


   Hem"lock (?), n. [OE. hemeluc, humloc, AS. hemlic, hymlic.]

   1.  (Bot.)  The  name  of several poisonous umbelliferous herbs having
   finely  cut  leaves  and  small white flowers, as the Cicuta maculata,
   bulbifera, and virosa, and the Conium maculatum. See Conium.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e po tion of hemlock administered to Socrates is by
     some  thought  to  have been a decoction of Cicuta virosa, or water
     hemlock, by others, of Conium maculatum.

   2.  (Bot.) An evergreen tree common in North America (Abies, OR Tsuga,
   Canadensis); hemlock spruce.

     The murmuring pines and the hemlocks. Longfellow.

   3. The wood or timber of the hemlock tree.
   Ground hemlock, OR Dwarf hemlock. See under Ground.


   Hem"mel  (?), n. [Scot. hemmel, hammel, Prov. E. hemble hovel, stable,
   shed,  perh.  allied  to  D.  hemel  heaven, canopy, G. himmel; cf. E.
   heaven. A shed or hovel for cattle. [Prov. Eng.] Wright.


   Hem"mer  (?),  n.  One  who,  or  that  which,  hems  with  a  needle.
   Specifically: (a) An attachment to a sewing machine, for turning under
   the edge of a piece of fabric, preparatory to stitching it down. (b) A
   tool for turning over the edge of sheet metal to make a hem.


   Hem"o- (?). Same as H\'91ma-, H\'91mo-.


   Hem"o*glo"bin  (?), n. [Hemo- + globe.] (Physiol.) The normal coloring
   matter  of  the  red  blood  corpuscles  of  vertebrate animals. It is
   composed    of    hematin   and   globulin,   and   is   also   called
   h\'91matoglobulin.  In  arterial  blood,  it  is  always combined with
   oxygen,  and  is  then  called  oxyhemoglobin.  It  crystallizes under
   different  forms  from  different  animals,  and when crystallized, is
   called h\'91matocrystallin. See Blood crystal, under Blood.


   Hem`o*glo"bin*om"e*ter    (?),    n.    (Physiol.   Chem.)   Same   as


   Hem`o*phil"i*a (?), n. See Hematophilia.


   He*mop"ty*sis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  h\'82moptysie.]  (Med.)  The
   expectoration  of  blood,  due  usually  to hemorrhage from the mucous
   membrane of the lungs.


   Hem"or*rhage    (?),   n.   [L.   haemorrhagia,   Gr.   h\'82morriage,
   h\'82morrhagie.] (Med.) Any discharge of blood from the blood vessels.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e blood circulates in a system of closed tubes, the
     rupture of which gives rise to hemorrhage.


   Hem`or*rhag"ic  (?),  a. [Gr. h\'82morrhagique.] Pertaining or tending
   to a flux o


   Hem`or*rhoid"al     (?),     a.     [Cf.     F.     h\'82morro\'8bdal,

   1. Of or pertaining to, or of the nature of, hemorrhoids.

   2.   (Anat.)   Of  or  pertaining  to  the  rectum;  rectal;  as,  the
   hemorrhoidal arteries, veins, and nerves.


   Hem"or*rhoids    (?),    n.    pl.   [L.   haemorrhoidae,   pl.,   Gr.
   h\'82morro\'8bdes,  h\'82morrho\'8bdes.  See  Rheum.] (Med.) Livid and
   painful  swellings  formed by the dilation of the blood vessels around
   the  margin  of,  or  within,  the  anus, from which blood or mucus is
   occasionally  discharged;  piles;  emerods.  [The  sing. hemorrhoid is
   rarely used.]


   Hem`o*stat"ic (?), a. [Hemo- + Gr. ets>

   1. (Med.) Of or relating to stagnation of the blood.

   2. Serving to arrest hemorrhage; styptic.


   Hem`o*stat"ic, n. A medicine or application to arrest hemorrhage.


   Hemo"o*tho"rax (?), n. [NL. See Hemo-, and Thorax.] (Med.) An effusion
   of blood into the cavity of the pleura.


   Hemp  (?),  n. [OE. hemp, AS. henep, h\'91nep; akin to D. hennep, OHG.
   hanaf,  G.  hanf,  Icel.  hampr,  Dan.  hamp,  Sw. hampa, L. cannabis,
   cannabum,  Gr.  conoplia,  Skr.  a; all prob. borrowed from some other
   language at an early time. Cf. Cannabine, Canvas.]

   1.  (Bot.) A plant of the genus Cannabis (C. sativa), the fibrous skin
   or  bark  of  which  is used for making cloth and cordage. The name is
   also applied to various other plants yielding fiber.

   2.  The fiber of the skin or rind of the plant, prepared for spinning.
   The  name has also been extended to various fibers resembling the true
   African  hemp,  Bowstring  hemp.  See under African, and Bowstring. --
   Bastard  hemp,  the  Asiatic herb Datisca cannabina. -- Canada hemp, a
   species  of dogbane (Apocynum cannabinum), the fiber of which was used
   by  the  Indians. -- Hemp agrimony, a coarse, composite herb of Europe
   (Eupatorium  cannabinum),  much  like  the  American  boneset. -- Hemp
   nettle, a plant of the genus Galeopsis (G. Tetrahit), belonging to the
   Mint  family. -- Indian hemp. See under Indian, a. -- Manila hemp, the
   fiber of Musa textilis. -- Sisal hemp, the fiber of Agave sisalana, of
   Mexico  and  Yucatan. -- Sunn hemp, a fiber obtained from a leguminous
   plant  (Crotalaria  juncea).  --  Water  hemp, an annual American weed
   (Acnida cannabina), related to the amaranth.


   Hemp"en (?), a.

   1. Made of hemp; as, a hempen cord.

   2. Like hemp. "Beat into a hempen state." Cook.


   Hemp"y (?), a. Like hemp. [R.] Howell.

                               Hemself, Hemselve

   , Hemselven Hem*self" (?), Hem*selve" (, Hem*selv"en (, pron. pl. [See
   Hem, pron.] Themselves; -- used reflexively. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hem"stitch  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hemstitched (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hemstitching.]  [Hem + stitch.] To ornament at the head of a broad hem
   by drawing out a few parallel threads, and fastening the cross threads
   in successive small clusters; as, to hemstitch a handkerchief.


   Hem"stitched (?), a. Having a broad hem separated from the body of the
   article by a line of open work; as, a hemistitched handkerchief.


   He"muse (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The roebuck in its third year. [Prov. Eng.]


   Hen  (?),  n.  [AS.  henn, hen, h\'91n; akin to D. hen, OHG. henna, G.
   henne,  Icel.  hna,  Dan.  h\'94na; the fem. corresponding to AS. hana
   cock,  D. haan, OHG. hano, G. hahn, Icel. hani, Dan. & Sw. hane. Prob.
   akin  to  L.  canere  to  sing,  and  orig.  meaning,  a  singer.  Cf.
   Chanticleer.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The  female of the domestic fowl; also, the
   female  of grouse, pheasants, or any kind of birds; as, the heath hen;
   the gray hen.

     NOTE: &hand; Us ed ad jectively or  in  combination to indicate the
     female; as, hen canary, hen eagle, hen turkey, peahen.

   Hen  clam. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A clam of the Mactra, and allied genera; the
   sea  clam  or  surf  clam. See Surf clam. (b) A California clam of the
   genus  Pachydesma.  --  Hen  driver.  See  Hen harrier (below). -- Hen
   harrier  (Zo\'94l.),  a  hawk  (Circus  cyaneus),  found in Europe and
   America; -- called also dove hawk, henharm, henharrow, hen driver, and
   usually,  in  America,  marsh  hawk.  See  Marsh  hawk.  --  Hen  hawk
   (Zo\'94l.),  one of several species of large hawks which capture hens;
   esp.,   the   American   red-tailed   hawk   (Buteo   borealis),   the
   red-shouldered hawk (B. lineatus), and the goshawk.


   Hen"bane` (?), n. [Hen + bane.] (Bot.) A plant of the genus Hyoscyamus
   (H.  niger).  All parts of the plant are poisonous, and the leaves are
   used  for the same purposes as belladonna. It is poisonous to domestic
   fowls;  whence  the  name.  Called also, stinking nightshade, from the
   fetid odor of the plant. See Hyoscyamus.


   Hen"bit`  (?),  n. (Bot.) A weed of the genus Lamium (L. amplexicaule)
   with deeply crenate leaves.


   Hence  (?),  adv. [OE. hennes, hens (the s is prop. a genitive ending;
   cf.  -wards),  also  hen, henne, hennen, heonnen, heonene, AS. heonan,
   heonon,  heona, hine; akin to OHG. hinn\'ben, G. hinnen, OHG. hina, G.
   hin; all from the root of E. he. See He.]

   1. From this place; away. "Or that we hence wend." Chaucer.

     Arise, let us go hence. John xiv. 31.

     I will send thee far hence unto the Gentiles. Acts xxii. 21.

   2.  From  this  time;  in  the future; as, a week hence. "Half an hour
   hence." Shak.

   Page 686

   3. From this reason; as an inference or deduction.

     Hence,  perhaps, it is, that Solomon calls the fear of the Lord the
     beginning of wisdom. Tillotson.

   4. From this source or origin.

     All other faces borrowed hence Their light and grace. Suckling.

     Whence come wars and fightings among you? Come they not hence, even
     of your lusts? James. iv. 1.

     NOTE: &hand; He nce is  used, elliptically and imperatively, for go
     hence;  depart hence; away; be gone. "Hence with your little ones."
     Shak.  -- From hence, though a pleonasm, is fully authorized by the
     usage of good writers.

   <-- raus! -->

     An ancient author prophesied from hence. Dryden.

     Expelled from hence into a world Of woe and sorrow. Milton.


   Hence (?), v. t. To send away. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.


   Hence`forth" (?), adv. From this time forward; henceforward.

     I never from thy side henceforth to stray. Milton.


   Hence`for"ward (?), adv. From this time forward; henceforth.


   Hench"boy` (?), n. A page; a servant. [Obs.]


   Hench"man  (?),  n.;  pl. -men (#). [OE. hencheman, henxman; prob. fr.
   OE. & AS. hengest horse + E. man, and meaning, a groom. AS. hengest is
   akin  to  D.  &  G.  hengst stallion, OHG. hengist horse, gelding.] An
   attendant; a servant; a follower. Now chiefly used as a political cant


   Hen"coop` (?), n. A coop or cage for hens.


   Hende  (?), a. [OE., near, handy, kind, fr. AS. gehende near, fr. hand
   hand. See Handy.]

   1. Skillful; dexterous; clever. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. Friendly; civil; gentle; kind. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hen*dec"a*gon  (?), n. [Gr. hend\'82cagone.] (Geom.) A plane figure of
   eleven sides and eleven angles. [Written also endecagon.]


   Hen"de*cane  (?),  n.  [Gr.  "e`ndeka  eleven.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon,
   C11H24,  of  the  paraffin  series; -- so called because it has eleven
   atoms of carbon in each molecule. Called also endecane, undecane.


   Hen*dec`a*syl*lab"ic (?), a. Pertaining to a line of eleven syllables.


   Hen*dec"a*syl`la*ble     (?),     n.    [L.    hendecasyllabus,    Gr.
   hend\'82casyllabe.] A metrical line of eleven syllables. J. Warton.


   Hen*dec`a*to"ic (?), a. [See Hendecane.] (Chem.) Undecylic; pertaining
   to, or derived from, hendecane; as, hendecatoic acid.


   Hen*di"a*dys  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Gram.) A figure in which the idea
   is  expressed  by two nouns connected by and, instead of by a noun and
   limiting adjective; as, we drink from cups and gold, for golden cups.


   Hen"dy (?), a. [Obs.] See Hende.


   Hen"en (?), adv. Hence. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hen"fish`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A marine fish; the sea bream. (b) A
   young bib. See Bib, n., 2.


   Heng (?), obs. imp. of Hang. Hung. Chaucer.


   Hen"-heart`ed (?), a. Cowardly; timid; chicken-hearted. Udall.


   Hen"house` (?), n.; pl. Henhouses. A house or shelter for fowls.


   Hen"hus`sy  (?),  n.  A  cotquean; a man who intermeddles with women's


   He*ni"quen (?), n. See Jeniquen.


   Hen"na  (?),  n. [Ar. hinn\'be alcanna (Lawsonia inermis or alba). Cf.
   Alcanna, Alkanet, Orchanet.]

   1.  (Bot.) A thorny tree or shrub of the genus Lawsonia (L. alba). The
   fragrant  white  blossoms  are  used  by  the  Buddhists  in religious
   ceremonies.  The powdered leaves furnish a red coloring matter used in
   the East to stain the hails and fingers, the manes of horses, etc.

   2.  (Com.) The leaves of the henna plant, or a preparation or dyestuff
   made from them.


   Hen"ner*y (?), n. An inclosed place for keeping hens. [U. S.]


   Hen"nes (?), adv. Hence. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hen`no*tan"nic  (?),  a.  [Henna  + tannic.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or
   designating,   a  brown  resinous  substance  resembling  tannin,  and
   extracted from the henna plant; as, hennotannic acid.

                            Henoge ny, Henogenesis

   He*nog"e*  ny  (?),  Hen`o*gen"e*sis  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Biol.)  Same as


   Hen"o*the*ism  (?),  n. [Gr. theism.] Primitive religion in which each
   of  several  divinities  is  regarded as independent, and is worshiped
   reference to the rest. [R.]


   He*not"ic (?), a. [Gr. Harmonizing; irenic. Gladstone.


   Hen"peck`  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Henpecked (?); p. pr. & vb.
   Henpecking.] To subject to petty authority; -- said of a wife who thus
   treats  her  husband.  Commonly  used  in  the  past participle (often


   Hen"roost` (?), n. A place where hens roost.


   Hen"ry   (?),   n.;  pl.  Henrys.  [From  Joseph  Henry,  an  American
   physicist.] The unit of electric induction; the induction in a circuit
   when  the  electro-motive  force  induced in this circuit is one volt,
   while  the  inducing  current  varies  at  the rate of one amp\'8are a


   Hen's-foot` (, n. (Bot.) An umbelliferous plant (Caucalis daucoides).


   Hent  (?), v. t. [imp. Hente; p. p. Hent.] [OE. hente, henten, fr. AS.
   hentan,  gehentan,  to  pursue,  take,  seize;  cf. Icel. henda, Goth.
   hinpan (in compos.), and E. hunt.] To seize; to lay hold on; to catch;
   to get. [Obs.] Piers Plowman. Spenser.

     This cursed Jew him hente and held him fast. Chaucer.

     But  all  that  he  might  of  his  friendes hente On bookes and on
     learning he it spente. Chaucer.


   Hen"ware` (?), n. (Bot.) A coarse, blackish seaweed. See Badderlocks.


   Henx"man (?), n. Henchman. [Obs.]


   Hep (?), n. See Hip, the fruit of the dog-rose.


   He"par (?), n. [L. hepar, hepatis, the liver, Gr.

   1.  (Old  Chem.) Liver of sulphur; a substance of a liver-brown color,
   sometimes  used  in  medicine.  It  is  formed  by fusing sulphur with
   carbonates  of the alkalies (esp. potassium), and consists essentially
   of alkaline sulphides. Called also hepar sulphuris (.

   2. Any substance resembling hepar proper, in appearance; specifically,
   in homeopathy, calcium sulphide, called also hepar sulphuris calcareum
   Hepar  antimonii  (  (Old Chem.), a substance, of a liver-brown color,
   obtained by fusing together antimony sulphide with alkaline sulphides,
   and  consisting  of  sulphantimonites  of the alkalies; -- called also
   liver of antimony.


   He*pat"ic  (?),  a.  [L.  hepaticus,  Gr.  jecur,  Skr.  yak:  cf.  F.

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  liver;  as,  hepatic  artery; hepatic

   2. Resembling the liver in color or in form; as, hepatic cinnabar.

   3. (Bot.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the plants called Hepatic\'91,
   or scale mosses and liverworts.
   Hepatic  duct (Anat.), any biliary duct; esp., the duct, or one of the
   ducts,  which carries the bile from the liver to the cystic and common
   bile  ducts. See Illust., under Digestive. -- Hepatic gas (Old Chem.),
   sulphureted  hydrogen  gas.  --  Hepatic  mercurial  ore,  OR  Hepatic
   cinnabar. See under Cinnabar.


   He*pat"i*ca  (?), n.; pl. Hepatic\'91 (#). [NL. See Hepatic. So called
   in allusion to the shape of the lobed leaves or fronds.]

   1. (Bot.) A genus of pretty spring flowers closely related to Anemone;
   squirrel cup.

   2.   (bot.)  Any  plant,  usually  procumbent  and  mosslike,  of  the
   cryptogamous   class  Hepatic\'91;  --  called  also  scale  moss  and
   liverwort. See Hepatic\'91, in the Supplement.


   He*pat"ic*al, a. Hepatic. [R.]


   Hep"a*tite  (?;  277), n. [L. hepatitis an unknown precious stone, Gr.
   h\'82patite.]  (Min.)  A  variety of barite emitting a fetid odor when
   rubbed or heated.


   Hep`a*ti"tis  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the


   Hep`a*ti*za"tion (?), n.

   1. (Chem.) Impregnating with sulphureted hydrogen gas. [Obs.]

   2.  [Cf.  F.  h\'82patisation.]  (Med.)  Conversion  into  a substance
   resembling  the  liver;  a state of the lungs when gorged with effused
   matter, so that they are no longer pervious to the air.


   Hep"a*tize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Hepatized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hepatizing (?).] [Gr. hepatite, and (for sense 2) F. h\'82patiser.]

   1.  To  impregnate  with  sulphureted  hydrogen  gas,  formerly called
   hepatic gas.

     On the right . . . were two wells of hepatized water. Barrow.

   2. To gorge with effused matter, as the lungs.


   He*pat"o*cele (?), n. [Gr. (Med.) Hernia of the liver.


   Hep`a*to*cys"tic  (?), a. [Hepatic + cystic.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining
   to the liver and gall bladder; as, the hepatocystic ducts.


   Hep`a*to*gas"tric   (?),   a.   [Hepatic   +   gastric.]  (Anat.)  See

                           Hepatogenic, Hepatogenous

   Hep`a*to*gen"ic  (?),  Hep`a*tog"e*nous (?), a. [Gr. "h^par, "h`patos,
   the  liver  +  root of gi`gnesthai to be born] (Med.) Arising from the
   liver; due to a condition of the liver; as, hepatogenic jaundice.


   Hep`a*tol"o*gy  (?), n. [Gr. "h^par, "h`patos, the liver + -logy.] The
   science which treats of the liver; a treatise on the liver.


   Hep"a*to-pan"cre*as  (?),  n.  [Gr.  "h^par,  "h`patos, the liver + E.
   pancreas.]  (Zo\'94l.) A digestive gland in Crustacea, Mollusca, etc.,
   usually called the liver, but different from the liver of vertebrates.


   Hep`a*to*re"nal (?), a. [Hepatic + renal.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to
   the liver and kidneys; as, the hepatorenal ligament.


   Hep`a*tos"co*py   (?),   n.   [Gr.   "h^par,  "h`patos,  the  liver  +
   h\'82patoscopie.] Divination by inspecting the liver of animals.


   Hep"pen (?), a. [Cf. AS. geh\'91p fit, Icel. heppinn lucky, E. happy.]
   Neat; fit; comfortable. [Obs.]


   Hep"per  (?),  n.  [Etymol.  uncertain.]  (Zo\'94l.) A young salmon; a


   Hep"ta (?). [See Seven.] A combining form from Gr. "epta`, seven.


   Hep"ta*chord  (?), n. [Gr. "epta`xordos seven-stringed; "epta` seven +
   xordh` chord: cf. F. heptacorde. See Seven, and Chord.]

   1.  (Anc.  Mus.)  (a)  A system of seven sounds. (b) A lyre with seven

   2.  (Anc.  Poet.)  A  composition sung to the sound of seven chords or
   tones. Moore (Encyc. of Music).


   Hep"tad  (?),  n.  [L.  heptas  the  number  seven. Gr. "epta` seven.]
   (Chem.)  An  atom  which  has  a  valence  of  seven, and which can be
   theoretically  combined  with,  substituted for, or replaced by, seven
   monad  atoms  or  radicals; as, iodine is a heptad in iodic acid. Also
   used as an adjective.


   Hep"tade  (?),  n.  [Cf. F. heptade. See Heptad.] The sum or number of


   Hep"ta*glot (?), n. [Gr. "epta` seven + 3, A book in seven languages.


   Hep"ta*gon  (?),  n.  [Gr.  "epta` seven + heptagone.] (Geom.) A plane
   figure consisting of seven sides and having seven angles.


   Hep*tag"o*nal  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  heptagonal.] Having seven angles or
   sides.  Heptagonal  numbers  (Arith.), the numbers of the series 1, 7,
   18, 34, 55, etc., being figurate numbers formed by adding successively
   the terms of the arithmetical series 1, 6, 11, 16, 21, etc.


   Hep`ta*gyn"i*a  (?),  n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. "epta` seven + heptagunie.]
   (Bot.) A Linn\'91an order of plants having seven pistils.

                           Heptagynian, Heptagynous

   Hep`ta*gyn"i*an (?), Hep*tag"y*nous (?), a. [Cf. F. heptagyne.] (Bot.)
   Having seven pistils.


   Hep`ta*he"dron  (?),  n.  [Hepta- + Gr. hepta\'8adre.] (Geom.) A solid
   figure with seven sides.


   Hep*tam"er*ous (?), a. [Hepta- + Gr. (Bot.) Consisting of seven parts,
   or having the parts in sets of sevens. Gray.


   Hep*tan"dri*a  (?),  n.  pl. [NL., fr. Gr. "epta` seven + heptandrie.]
   (Bot.) A Linn\'91an class of plants having seven stamens.

                           Heptandrian, Heptandrous

   Hep*tan"dri*an  (?),  Hep*tan"drous (?), a. [Cf. F. heptandre.] (Bot.)
   Having seven stamens.


   Hep"tane  (?),  n.  [Gr.  "epta`  seven.]  (Chem.)  Any one of several
   isometric  hydrocarbons,  C7H16,  of  the  paraffin  series  (nine are
   possible, four are known); -- so called because the molecule has seven
   carbon atoms. Specifically, a colorless liquid, found as a constituent
   of petroleum, in the tar oil of cannel coal, etc.


   Hep*tan"gu*lar  (?),  a.  [Hepta- + angular: cf. F. heptangulaire. Cf.
   Septangular.] Having seven angles.


   Hep*taph"yl*lous  (?),  a.  [Hepta-  + Gr. heptaphylle.] (Bot.) Having
   seven leaves.


   Hep"tarch (?), n. Same as Heptarchist.


   Hep*tar"chic  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  heptarchique.] Of or pertaining to a
   heptarchy; constituting or consisting of a heptarchy. T. Warton.


   Hep"tarch*ist (?), n. A ruler of one division of a heptarchy. [Written
   also heptarch.]


   Hep"tarch*y (?), n. [Hepta- + -archy: cf. F. heptarchie.] A government
   by seven persons; also, a country under seven rulers.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e word is most commonly applied to England, when it
     was  divided  into  seven  kingdoms;  as, the Saxon heptachy, which
     consisted of Kent, the South Saxons (Sussex), West Saxons (Wessex),
     East Saxons (Essex), the East Angles, Mercia, and Northumberland.


   Hep`ta*sper"mous (?), a. [Hepta- + Gr. (Bot.) Having seven seeds.


   Hep"ta*stich  (?),  n.  [Hepta- + Gr. sti`chos line, verse.] (Pros.) A
   composition consisting of seven lines or verses.


   Hep"ta*teuch   (?),   n.   [L.   heptateuchos,   Gr.  "epta`  seven  +
   heptateuque.] The first seven books of the Testament.


   Hep*tav"a*lent  (?),  a.  [Hepta-  +  L.  valens, p. pr. See Valence.]
   (Chem.) Having seven units of attractive force or affinity; -- said of
   heptad elements or radicals.


   Hep"tene (?), n. [Gr. "epta` seven.] (Chem.) Same as Heptylene.


   Hep"tine  (?),  n.  [Heptane  +  -ine.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of
   unsaturated metameric hydrocarbons, C7H12, of the acetylene series.


   Hep*to"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, heptane; as,
   heptoic acid.


   Hep"tone  (?),  n.  [Gr.  "epta` seven.] (Chem.) A liquid hydrocarbon,
   C7H10, of the valylene series.

                                   Hep tree

   Hep" tree` (?). [See Hep.] The wild dog-rose.


   Hep"tyl  (?),  n.  [Hepta-  + -yl.] (Chem.) A compound radical, C7H15,
   regarded  as  the essential radical of heptane and a related series of


   Hep"tyl*ene  (?), n. (Chem.) A colorless liquid hydrocarbon, C7H14, of
   the  ethylene  series;  also,  any  one  of  its  isomers. Called also


   Hep*tyl"ic  (?),  a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, heptyl or
   heptane; as, heptylic alcohol. Cf. nanthylic.


   Her  (?),  pron. & a. [OE. hire, here, hir, hure, gen. and dat. sing.,
   AS.  hire, gen. and dat. sing. of h\'82o she. from the same root as E.
   he.  See He.] The form of the objective and the possessive case of the
   personal pronoun she; as, I saw her with her purse out.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e po ssessive her takes the form hers when the noun
     with  which  in  agrees  is  not  given, but implied. "And what his
     fortune wanted, hers could mend."


                                   Her, Here

   Her,  Here  (, pron. pl. [OE. here, hire, AS. heora, hyra, gen. pl. of
   h&emac;. See He.] Of them; their. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

     On here bare knees adown they fall. Chaucer.


   He*rac"le*on*ite  (?),  n.  (Eccl.  Hist.)  A follower of Heracleon of
   Alexandria, a Judaizing Gnostic, in the early history of the Christian


   He*rak"line  (?),  n. [Gr. A picrate compound, used as an explosive in


   Her"ald  (?),  n. [OE. herald, heraud, OF. heralt, heraut, herault, F.
   h\'82raut,  LL.  heraldus,  haraldus,  fr.  (assumed)  OHG. heriwalto,
   hariwaldo,  a  (civil) officer who serves the army; hari, heri, army +
   waltan  to  manage,  govern,  G.  walten; akin to E. wield. See Harry,

   1. (Antiq.) An officer whose business was to denounce or proclaim war,
   to  challenge  to battle, to proclaim peace, and to bear messages from
   the commander of an army. He was invested with a sacred and inviolable

   Page 687

   2.  In the Middle Ages, the officer charged with the above duties, and
   also  with  the  care  of genealogies, of the rights and privileges of
   noble  families, and especially of armorial bearings. In modern times,
   some  vestiges  of  this  office  remain,  especially  in England. See
   Heralds' College (below), and King-at-Arms.

   3.  A  proclaimer; one who, or that which, publishes or announces; as,
   the herald of another's fame. Shak.

   4. A forerunner; a a precursor; a harbinger.

     It was the lark, the herald of the morn. Shak.

   5. Any messenger. "My herald is returned." Shak.
   Heralds'  College,  in England, an ancient corporation, dependent upon
   the  crown,  instituted or perhaps recognized by Richard III. in 1483,
   consisting  of  the  three  Kings-at-Arms  and the Chester, Lancaster,
   Richmond,  Somerset, Windsor, and York Heralds, together with the Earl
   Marshal.  This retains from the Middle Ages the charge of the armorial
   bearings of persons privileged to bear them, as well as of genealogies
   and kindred subjects; -- called also College of Arms.


   Her"ald (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Heralded; p. pr. & vb. n. Heralding.]
   [Cf. OF. herauder, heraulder.] To introduce, or give tidings of, as by
   a herald; to proclaim; to announce; to foretell; to usher in. Shak.


   He*ral"dic (?), a. [Cf. F. h\'82raldique.] Of or pertaining to heralds
   or heraldry; as, heraldic blazoning; heraldic language. T. Warton.


   He*ral"dic*al*ly  (?),  adv.  In  an heraldic manner; according to the
   rules of heraldry.


   Her"ald*ry  (?),  n. The art or office of a herald; the art, practice,
   or  science  of  recording  genealogies, and blazoning arms or ensigns
   armorial;  also,  of  marshaling  cavalcades,  processions, and public


   Her"ald*ship, n. The office of a herald. Selden.


   Her"a*path*ite  (?),  n.  [Named  after Dr. Herapath, the discoverer.]
   (Chem.) The sulphate of iodoquinine, a substance crystallizing in thin
   plates remarkable for their effects in polarizing light.


   Her"aud (?), n. A herald. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Herb  (?;  277),  n.  [OE.  herbe, erbe, OF. herbe, erbe, F. herbe, L.
   herba; perh. akin to Gr. forbh` food, pasture, fe`rbein to feed.]

   1.  A  plant whose stem does not become woody and permanent, but dies,
   at least down to the ground, after flowering.

     NOTE: &hand; An nual he rbs li ve bu t on e se ason; biennial herbs
     flower the second season, and then die; perennial herbs produce new
     stems year after year.

   2. Grass; herbage.

     And flocks Grazing the tender herb. Milton.

   Herb  bennet.  (Bot.)  See Bennet. -- Herb Christopher (Bot.), an herb
   (Act\'91a  spicata),  whose  root  is  used  in  nervous diseases; the
   baneberry.  The  name  is  occasionally  given to other plants, as the
   royal fern, the wood betony, etc. -- Herb Gerard (Bot.), the goutweed;
   --  so  called  in honor of St. Gerard, who used to be invoked against
   the  gout. Dr. Prior. -- Herb grace, OR Herb of grace. (Bot.) See Rue.
   --  Herb  Margaret  (Bot.),  the  daisy. See Marguerite. -- Herb Paris
   (Bot.),   an   Old   World   plant  related  to  the  trillium  (Paris
   quadrifolia),  commonly  reputed  poisonous.  -- Herb Robert (Bot.), a
   species of Geranium (G. Robertianum.)


   Her*ba"ceous (?), a. [L. herbaceus grassy. See Herb.] Of or pertaining
   to  herbs; having the nature, texture, or characteristics, of an herb;
   as, herbaceous plants; an herbaceous stem.


   Herb"age (?; 48), n. [F. See Herb.]

   1.  Herbs  collectively;  green  food  beasts;  grass;  pasture. "Thin
   herbage in the plaims." Dryden.

   2.  (Law.)  The  liberty  or  right of pasture in the forest or in the
   grounds of another man. Blount.


   Herb"aged (?), a. Covered with grass. Thomson.


   Herb"al (?), a. Of or pertaining to herbs. Quarles.


   Herb"al (?), n.

   1. A book containing the names and descriptions of plants. Bacon.

   2.  A collection of specimens of plants, dried and preserved; a hortus
   siccus; an herbarium. Steele.


   Herb"al*ism (?), n. The knowledge of herbs.


   Herb"al*ist,  n.  One  skilled in the knowledge of plants; a collector
   of, or dealer in, herbs, especially medicinal herbs.


   Herb"ar (?), n. An herb. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Her*ba"ri*an (?), n. A herbalist.


   Herb"a*rist (?), n. A herbalist. [Obs.]


   Her*ba"ri*um  (?),  n.;  pl. E. Herbariums (#), L. Herbaria (#). [LL.,
   fr. L. herba. See Herb, and cf. Arbor, Herbary.]

   1. A collection of dried specimens of plants, systematically arranged.

   2. A book or case for preserving dried plants.


   Herb"a*rize (?), v. t. See Herborize.


   Herb"a*ry  (?),  n.  [See  Herbarium.]  A  garden  of herbs; a cottage
   garden. T. Warton.


   Herb"er (?), n. [OF. herbier, LL. herbarium. See Herbarium.] A garden;
   a pleasure garden. [Obs.] "Into an herber green." Chaucer.


   Her"berg*age  (?),  n.  [See  Harborage.] Harborage; lodging; shelter;
   harbor. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Her"ber*geour (?), n. [See Harbinger.] A harbinger. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                              Herbergh, Herberwe

   Her"bergh  (?),  Her"ber*we  (,  n.  [See  Harbor.]  A  harbor. [Obs.]


   Her*bes"cent  (?),  a.  [L. herbescens, p. pr. of herbescere.] Growing
   into herbs.


   Herb"id (?), a. [L. herbidus.] Covered with herbs. [Obs.] Bailey.


   Her*bif"er*ous  (?), a. [Herb + -ferous: cf. F. herbif\'82re.] Bearing
   herbs or vegetation.


   Herb"ist (?), n. A herbalist.


   Her*biv"o*ra  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. herba herb + vorare to devour.]
   (Zo\'94l.) An extensive division of Mammalia. It formerly included the
   Proboscidea,  Hyracoidea,  Perissodactyla,  and  Artiodactyla,  but by
   later  writers  it  is  generally  restricted to the two latter groups
   (Ungulata). They feed almost exclusively upon vegetation.


   Her"bi*vore  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  herbivore.]  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  the
   Herbivora. P. H. Gosse.


   Her*biv"o*rous  (?),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Eating plants; of or pertaining to
   the Herbivora.


   Herb"less (?), a. Destitute of herbs or of vegetation. J. Warton.


   Herb"let (?), n. A small herb. Shak.


   Her"bo*rist (?), n. [F. herboriste.] A herbalist. Ray.


   Her`bo*ri*za"tion (?), n. [F. herborisation.]

   1. The act of herborizing.

   2. The figure of plants in minerals or fossils.


   Her"bo*rize  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Herborized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Herborizing  (?).]  [F.  herboriser, for herbariser, fr. L. herbarium.
   See Hebrarium.] To search for plants, or new species of plants, with a
   view to classifying them.

     He herborized as he traveled. W. Tooke.


   Her"bo*rize,  v.  t.  To  form  the  figures  of plants in; -- said in
   reference to minerals. See Arborized.

     Herborized stones contain fine mosses. Fourcroy (Trans.)


   Her"bor*ough (?), n. [See Harborough, and Harbor.] A harbor. [Obs.] B.

                               Herbose, Herbous

   Her*bose"  (?),  Herb"ous  (?),  a.  [L.  herbosus:  cf.  F. herbeux.]
   Abounding with herbs. "Fields poetically called herbose." Byrom.


   Herb"-wom`an (?), n.; pl. Herb-women (. A woman that sells herbs.


   Herb"y  (?),  a. Having the nature of, pertaining to, or covered with,
   herbs or herbage. "Herby valleys." Chapman.


   Her*cog"a*mous  (?), a. [Gr. (Bot.) Not capable of self-fertilization;
   --  said  of  hermaphrodite  flowers in which some structural obstacle
   forbids autogamy.


   Her*cu"le*an (?), a. [L. herculeus, fr. Hercules: cf. F. hercul\'82en.
   See Hercules.]

   1.  Requiring  the strength of Hercules; hence, very great, difficult,
   or dangerous; as, an Herculean task.

   2.  Having  extraordinary  strength  or  size;  as,  Herculean  limbs.
   "Herculean Samson." Milton.


   Her"cu*les (?), n.

   1.  (Gr.  Myth.)  A  hero,  fabled to have been the son of Jupiter and
   Alcmena,   and   celebrated   for   great   strength,   esp.  for  the
   accomplishment of his twelve great tasks or "labors."

   2. (Astron.) A constellation in the northern hemisphere, near Lyra.
   Hercules'  beetle  (Zo\'94l.),  any  species  of Dynastes, an American
   genus  of  very  large  lamellicorn beetles, esp. D. hercules of South
   America,  which  grows  to  a length of six inches. -- Hercules' club.
   (Bot.)  (a)  An  ornamental  tree  of  the  West  Indies  (Zanthoxylum
   Clava-Herculis), of the same genus with the prickly ash. (b) A variety
   of  the common gourd (Lagenaria vulgaris). Its fruit sometimes exceeds
   five  feet  in  length.  (c) The Angelica tree. See under Angelica. --
   Hercules  powder,  an  explosive containing nitroglycerin; -- used for


   Her*cyn"i*an  (?),  a.  [L.  Hercynia  silva,  Hercynius  saltus,  the
   Hercynian  forest;  cf. Gr. Of or pertaining to an extensive forest in
   Germany,  of  which  there  are still portions in Swabia and the Hartz


   Herd (?), a. Haired. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Herd (?), n. [OE. herd, heord, AS. heord; akin to OHG. herta,G. herde,
   Icel.  hj\'94r,  Sw.  hjord,  Dan.  hiord,  Goth.  ha\'a1rda; cf. Skr.
   \'87ardha troop, host.]

   1.  A number of beasts assembled together; as, a herd of horses, oxen,
   cattle,  camels,  elephants,  deer,  or  swine;  a particular stock or
   family of cattle.

     The lowing herd wind slowly o'er the lea. Gray.

     NOTE: &hand; He rd is  di stinguished fr om flock, as being chiefly
     applied  to  the larger animals. A number of cattle, when driven to
     market, is called a drove.

   2. A crowd of low people; a rabble.

     But far more numerous was the herd of such Who think too little and
     who talk too much. Dryden.

     You  can  never  interest the common herd in the abstract question.

   Herd's  grass (Bot.), one of several species of grass, highly esteemed
   for hay. See under Grass.


   Herd,  n. [OE. hirde, herde, heorde, AS. hirde, hyrde, heorde; akin to
   G.  hirt, hirte, OHG. hirti, Icel. hirir, Sw. herde, Dan. hyrde, Goth.
   ha\'a1rdeis.  See  2d  Herd.]  One  who  herds  or  assembles domestic
   animals;  a  herdsman;  -- much used in composition; as, a shepherd; a
   goatherd, and the like. Chaucer.


   Herd,  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Herded; p. pr. & vb. n. Herding.] [See 2d

   1.  To  unite  or  associate in a herd; to feed or run together, or in
   company; as, sheep herd on many hills.

   2. To associate; to ally one's self with, or place one's self among, a
   group or company.

     I'll herd among his friends, and seem One of the number. Addison.

   3. To act as a herdsman or a shepherd. [Scot.]


   Herd, v. t. To form or put into a herd.


   Herd"book`  (?), n. A book containing the list and pedigrees of one or
   more  herds of choice breeds of cattle; -- also called herd record, or
   herd register.


   Herd"er (?), n. A herdsman. [R.]


   Her"der*ite (?), n. [Named after Baron von Herder, who discovered it.]
   (Min.) A rare fluophosphate of glucina, in small white crystals.


   Herd"ess  (?),  n.  A  shepherdess;  a  female  herder. Sir P. Sidney.


   Herd"groom` (?), n. A herdsman. [Obs.]


   Her"dic  (?),  n.  [Named  from Peter Herdic, the inventor.] A kind of
   low-hung cab.

                               Herdman, Herdsman

   Herd"man  (?), Herds"man (?), n.; pl. -men (. The owner or keeper of a
   herd or of herds; one employed in tending a herd of cattle.


   Herds"wom`an  (?),  n.; pl. -women (. A woman who tends a herd. Sir W.


   Here (?), n. Hair. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Here (?), pron.

   1. See Her, their. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. Her; hers. See Her. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Here  (?), adv. [OE. her, AS. h; akin to OS. h, D. hier, OHG. hiar, G.
   hier,  Icel.  &  Goth. h, Dan. her, Sw. h\'84r; fr. root of E. he. See

   1.  In  this  place;  in the place where the speaker is; -- opposed to

     He is not here, for he is risen. Matt. xxviii. 6.

   2. In the present life or state.

     Happy here, and more happy hereafter. Bacon.

   3. To or into this place; hither. [Colloq.] See Thither.

     Here comes Virgil. B. Jonson.

     Thou led'st me here. Byron.

   4. At this point of time, or of an argument; now.

     The prisoner here made violent efforts to rise. Warren.

     NOTE: &hand; He re, in  th e last sense, is sometimes used before a
     verb  without  subject;  as,  Here  goes,  for  Now  (something  or
     somebody)  goes;  -- especially occurring thus in drinking healths.
     "Here's [a health] to thee, Dick."

   Cowley.  Here  and  there,  in  one  place and another; in a dispersed
   manner;  irregularly. "Footsteps here and there." Longfellow. -- It is
   neither,  here  nor  there,  it  is neither in this place nor in that,
   neither  in  one  place  nor  in  another; hence, it is to no purpose,
   irrelevant, nonsense.<-- mostly used to mean "irrelevant" --> Shak.

                            Herea-bout, Hereabouts

   Here"a-bout` (?), Here"a*bouts` (?), adv.

   1. About this place; in this vicinity.

   2. Concerning this. [Obs.]


   Here*aft"er  (?),  adv.  [AS.  hr\'91fter.]  In  time to come; in some
   future time or state.

     Hereafter he from war shall come. Dryden.


   Here*aft"er,  n.  A future existence or state. <-- Syn. afterlife, the
   life to come, future life, eternal bliss, eternal reward, -->

     'Tis Heaven itself that points out an hereafter. Addison.


   Here*aft"er*ward (?), adv. Hereafter. [Obs.]

     Thou shalt hereafterward . . . come. Chaucer.


   Here-at"  (?),  adv.  At,  or  by reason of, this; as, he was offended
   hereat. Hooker.


   Here*by" (?), adv.

   1. By means of this.

     And hereby we do know that we know him. 1 John ii. 3.

   2. Close by; very near. [Obs.] Shak.


   He*red`i*ta*bil"i*ty (?), n. State of being hereditable. Brydges.


   He*red"i*ta*ble (?), a. [LL. hereditabilis, fr. hereditare to inherit,
   fr.   L.   hereditas   heirship   inheritance,  heres  heir:  cf.  OF.
   hereditable. See Heir, and cf. Heritable.]

   1. Capable of being inherited. See Inheritable. Locke.

   2. Qualified to inherit; capable of inheriting.


   He*red"i*ta*bly, adv. By inheritance. W. Tooke.


   Her`e*dit"a*ment  (?), n. [LL. hereditamentum. See Hereditable.] (Law)
   Any  species  of  property  that  may  be inherited; lands, tenements,
   anything  corporeal or incorporeal, real, personal, or mixed, that may
   descend to an heir. Blackstone.

     NOTE: &hand; A  co rporeal hereditament is visible and tangible; an
     incorporeal  hereditament  is  not  in  itself visible or tangible,
     being  an hereditary right, interest, or obligation, as duty to pay
     rent, or a right of way.


   He*red"i*ta*ri*ly  (?),  adv. By inheritance; in an hereditary manner.


   He*red"i*ta*ry  (?),  a.  [L.  hereditarius,  fr.  hereditas heirship,
   inheritance, fr. heres heir: cf. F. h\'82r\'82ditaire. See Heir.]

   1. Descended, or capable of descending, from an ancestor to an heir at
   law;  received  or  passing  by  inheritance,  or  that  must  pass by
   inheritance; as, an hereditary estate or crown.

   2.  Transmitted,  or capable of being transmitted, as a constitutional
   quality  or  condition from a parent to a child; as, hereditary pride,
   bravery, disease. Syn. -- Ancestral; patrimonial; inheritable.


   He*red"i*ty  (?),  n.  [L.  hereditas  heirship.]  (Biol.)  Hereditary
   transmission  of  the  physical  and psychical qualities of parents to
   their  offspring;  the  biological  law by which living beings tend to
   repeat their characteristics in their descendants. See Pangenesis.


   Her"e*ford   (?),   n.  One  of  a  breed  of  cattle  originating  in
   Herefordshire,  England.  The  Herefords are good working animals, and
   their beef-producing quality is excellent.


   Here"hence` (?), adv. From hence. [Obs.]


   Here*in" (?), adv. [AS. hrinne.] In this.

     Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit. John xv. 8.


   Here`in*aft"er  (?),  adv.  In  the  following  part of this (writing,
   document, speech, and the like).


   Here`in*be*fore",  adv.  In  the  preceding  part  of  this  (writing,
   document, book, etc.).


   Here`in*to" (?; 277), adv. Into this. Hooker.

                               Heremit, Heremite

   Her"e*mit  (?),  Her"e*mite (?), n. [See Hermit.] A hermit. [Obs.] Bp.


   Her`e*mit"ic*al  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a hermit; solitary;
   secluded from society. Pope.


   Her"en (?), a. Made of hair. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Here*of" (?), adv. Of this; concerning this; from this; hence.

     Hereof comes it that Prince Harry is valiant. Shak.


   Here*on" (?), adv. On or upon this; hereupon.


   Here*out" (?), adv. Out of this. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Her"e*si*arch (?; 277), n. [L. haeresiarcha, Gr. h\'82r\'82siarque.] A
   leader in heresy; the chief of a sect of heretics. Bp. Stillingfleet.


   Her"e*si*arch`y (?), n. A chief or great heresy. [R.]

     The book itself [the Alcoran] consists of heresiarchies against our
     blessed Savior. Sir T. Herbert.


   Her`e*si*og"ra*pher  (?),  n.  [See  Heresiography.] One who writes on


   Her`e*si*og"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. -graphy: cf. F. h\'82r\'82siographie.]
   A treatise on heresy.


   Her"e*sy (?), n.; pl. Heresies (#). [OE. heresie, eresie, OF. heresie,
   iresie, F. h\'82r\'82sie, L. haeresis, Gr.

   Page 688

   1.  An  opinion  held  in  opposition  to  the established or commonly
   received  doctrine,  and tending to promote a division or party, as in
   politics,   literature,   philosophy,   etc.;   --  usually,  but  not
   necessarily, said in reproach.

     New  opinions  Divers  and  dangerous, which are heresies, And, not
     reformed, may prove pernicious. Shak.

     After   the   study   of   philosophy  began  in  Greece,  and  the
     philosophers,  disagreeing  amongst  themselves,  had  started many
     questions  .  .  .  because every man took what opinion he pleased,
     each  several  opinion was called a heresy; which signified no more
     than  a  private  opinion, without reference to truth or falsehood.

   2.  (Theol.)  Religious  opinion  opposed  to the authorized doctrinal
   standards of any particular church, especially when tending to promote
   schism  or separation; lack of orthodox or sound belief; rejection of,
   or  erroneous belief in regard to, some fundamental religious doctrine
   or truth; heterodoxy.

     Doubts  'mongst divines, and difference of texts, From whence arise
     diversity of sects, And hateful heresies by God abhor'd. Spenser.

     Deluded  people!  that  do not consider that the greatest heresy in
     the world is a wicked life. Tillotson.

   3.  (Law)  An  offense against Christianity, consisting in a denial of
   some   essential  doctrine,  which  denial  is  publicly  avowed,  and
   obstinately maintained.

     A  second  offense is that of heresy, which consists not in a total
     denial  of  Christianity,  but  of  some  its  essential doctrines,
     publicly and obstinately avowed. Blackstone.

     NOTE: &hand; "W hen I  ca ll du eling, an d si milar aberrations of
     honor, a moral heresy, I refer to the force of the Greek Coleridge.


     Her"e*tic (?), n. [L. haereticus, Gr. h\'82r\'82tique. See Heresy.]

     1.  One  who  holds  to  a  heresy;  one who believes some doctrine
     contrary to the established faith or prevailing religion.

     A  man  that  is an heretic, after the first and second admonition,
     reject. Titus iii. 10.

     2.  (R.  C.  Ch.)  One  who  having  made a profession of Christian
     belief,  deliberately  and pertinaciously refuses to believe one or
     more  of  the articles of faith "determined by the authority of the
     universal  church."  Addis  &  Arnold. Syn. -- Heretic, Schismatic,
     Sectarian. A heretic is one whose errors are doctrinal, and usually
     of  a  malignant  character,  tending  to subvert the true faith. A
     schismatic  is one who creates a schism, or division in the church,
     on  points  of  faith,  discipline, practice, etc., usually for the
     sake  of personal aggrandizement. A sectarian is one who originates
     or  is  an  ardent  adherent  and  advocate  of a sect, or distinct
     organization, which separates from the main body of believers.


     He*ret"i*cal  (?),  a.  Containing  heresy;  of  the  nature of, or
     characterized by, heresy.


     He*ret"i*cal*ly, adv. In an heretical manner.


     He*ret"i*cate  (?), v. t. [LL. haereticatus, p. p. of haereticare.]
     To  decide  to  be heresy or a heretic; to denounce as a heretic or
     heretical. Bp. Hall.

     And  let  no  one  be  minded,  on  the  score  of my neoterism, to
     hereticate me. Fitzed. Hall.


     He*ret`i*fi*ca"tion  (?), n. The act of hereticating or pronouncing
     heretical. London Times.


     Here*to" (?), adv. To this; hereunto. Hooker.

                               Heretoch, Heretog

     Her"e*toch  (?),  Her"e*tog  (?),  n. [AS. heretoga, heretoha; here
     army  + te\'a2n to draw, lead; akin to OS. heritogo, OHG. herizogo,
     G.  herzog  duke.] (AS. Antiq.) The leader or commander of an army;
     also, a marshal. Blackstone.


     Here`to*fore"  (?), adv. Up to this time; hitherto; before; in time
     past. Shak.


     Here`un*to" (?), adv. Unto this; up to this time; hereto.


     Here`up*on" (?), adv. On this; hereon.


     Here*with" (?), adv. With this.


     Her"ie  (?),  v.  t.  [See  Hery.]  To  praise;  to worship. [Obs.]


     Her"i*ot  (?),  n.  [AS. heregeatu military equipment, heriot; here
     army  +  geatwe,  pl.,  arms,  equipments.]  (Eng. Law) Formerly, a
     payment  or  tribute of arms or military accouterments, or the best
     beast,  or  chattel,  due  to the lord on the death of a tenant; in
     modern use, a customary tribute of goods or chattels to the lord of
     the fee, paid on the decease of a tenant. Blackstone. Bouvier.

   Heriot custom, a heriot depending on usage. -- Heriot service (Law), a
   heriot  due  by  reservation  in  a  grant or lease of lands. Spelman.


   Her"i*ot*a*ble (?), a. Subject to the payment of a heriot. Burn.


   Her"is*son  (?),  n. [F. h\'82risson, prop., hedgehog.] (fort.) A beam
   or  bar  armed  with  iron  spikes, and turning on a pivot; -- used to
   block up a passage.


   Her`it*a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The state of being heritable.


   Her"it*a*ble (?), a. [OF. h\'82ritable. See Heritage, Hereditable.]

   1.   Capable   of  being  inherited  or  of  passing  by  inheritance;

   2. Capable of inheriting or receiving by inheritance.

     This son shall be legitimate and heritable. Sir M. Hale.

   Heritable  rights  (Scots  Law), rights of the heir; rights to land or
   whatever  may  be  intimately  connected with land; realty. Jacob (Law


   Her"it*age  (?),  a. [OE. heritage, eritage, OF. heritage, eritage, F.
   h\'82ritage,   fr.   h\'82riter   to   inherit,  LL.  heriditare.  See

   1. That which is inherited, or passes from heir to heir; inheritance.

     Part of my heritage, Which my dead father did bequeath to me. Shak.

   2.  (Script.)  A  possession;  the Israelites, as God's chosen people;
   also, a flock under pastoral charge. Joel iii. 2.
   1 Peter v. 3.


   Her"it*ance (?), n. [OF. heritance.] Heritage; inheritance. [R.]

     Robbing  their  children of the heritance Their fathers handed down


   Her"it*or (?), n. [Cf. LL. her, fr. L. heres an heir.] A proprietor or
   landholder in a parish. [Scot.]


   Herl (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Harl, 2.

                               Herling, Hirling

   Her"ling,  Hir"ling (, n. [Etymol. uncertain.] (Zo\'94l.) The young of
   the sea trout. [Prov. Eng.]


   Her"ma (?), n.; pl. Herm\'91 (#). [L.] See Hermes,



   Her*maph`ro*de"i*ty (?), n. Hermaphrodism. B. Jonson.


   Her*maph"ro*dism   (?),   n.  [Cf.  F.  hermaphrodisme.]  (Biol.)  See


   Her*maph"ro*dite  (?),  n. [L. hermaphroditus, Gr. Hermaphroditus, son
   of  Hermes and Aphrodite, when bathing, became joined in one body with
   Salmacis,  the  nymph  of  a fountain in Caria: cf. F. hermaphrodite.]
   (Biol.)  An  individual  which  has  the  attributes  of both male and
   female,  or  which  unites in itself the two sexes; an animal or plant
   having  the  parts  of  generation  of  both  sexes,  as when a flower
   contains  both the stamens and pistil within the same calyx, or on the
   same receptacle. In some cases reproduction may take place without the
   union  of  the  distinct  individuals.  In  the  animal  kingdom  true
   hermaphrodites  are found only among the invertebrates. See Illust. in
   Appendix, under Helminths.


   Her*maph"ro*dite,  a.  Including,  or  being  of,  both  sexes; as, an
   hermaphrodite  animal or flower. Hermaphrodite brig. (Naut.) See under
   Brig. Totten.

                       Hermaphroditic, Hermaphroditical

   Her*maph`ro*dit"ic   (?),   Her*maph`ro*dit"ic*al   (?),   a.  (Biol.)
   Partaking  of  the  characteristics  of  both  sexes; characterized by
   hermaphroditism. -- Her*maph`ro*dit"ic*al*ly, adv.


   Her*maph"ro*dit*ism  (?), n. (Biol.) The union of the two sexes in the
   same  individual,  or the combination of some of their characteristics
   or organs in one individual.

                          Hermeneutic, Hermeneutical

   Her`me*neu"tic  (?), Her`me*neu"tic*al (?), a. [Gr. herm\'82neutique.]
   Unfolding  the  signification;  of  or  pertaining  to interpretation;
   exegetical;  explanatory;  as,  hermeneutic  theology,  or  the art of
   expounding the Scriptures; a hermeneutic phrase.


   Her`me*neu"tic*al*ly,    adv.   According   to   the   principles   of
   interpretation; as, a verse of Scripture was examined hermeneutically.


   Her`me*neu"tics  (?),  n.  [Gr.  The  science  of  interpretation  and
   explanation; exegesis; esp., that branch of theology which defines the
   laws  whereby  the  meaning  of  the  Scriptures is to be ascertained.
   Schaff-Herzog Encyc.


   Her"mes (?), n. [L., fr. Gr.

   1. (Myth.) See Mercury.

     NOTE: &hand; He rmes Trismegistus [Gr. 'Ermh^s trisme`gistos, lit.,
     Hermes  thrice  greatest]  was a late name of Hermes, especially as
     identified  with the Egyptian god Thoth. He was the fabled inventor
     of astrology and alchemy.

   2. (Arch\'91ology) Originally, a boundary stone dedicated to Hermes as
   the  god of boundaries, and therefore bearing in some cases a head, or
   head  and shoulders, placed upon a quadrangular pillar whose height is
   that of the body belonging to the head, sometimes having feet or other
   parts  of  the  body  sculptured  upon it. These figures, though often
   representing  Hermes,  were  used  for  other divinities, and even, in
   later  times,  for  portraits  of human beings. Called also herma. See
   Terminal statue, under Terminal.

                             Hermetic, Hermetical

   Her*met"ic  (?),  Her*met"ic*al  (?),  a.  [F. herm\'82tique. See Note
   under Hermes, 1.]

   1.  Of, pertaining to, or taught by, Hermes Trismegistus; as, hermetic
   philosophy.  Hence:  Alchemical;  chemic.  "Delusions  of the hermetic
   art." Burke.

     The  alchemists,  as the people were called who tried to make gold,
     considered   themselves  followers  of  Hermes,  and  often  called
     themselves Hermetic philosophers. A. B. Buckley.

   2.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  system  which  explains the causes of
   diseases  and  the  operations  of  medicine  on the principles of the
   hermetic  philosophy,  and  which  made  much  use, as a remedy, of an
   alkali and an acid; as, hermetic medicine.

   3.  Made  perfectly  close  or  air-tight by fusion, so that no gas or
   spirit  can  enter  or  escape;  as,  an hermetic seal. See Note under
   Hermetic  art, alchemy. -- Hermetic books. (a) Books of the Egyptians,
   which   treat  of  astrology.  (b)  Books  which  treat  of  universal
   principles, of the nature and orders of celestial beings, of medicine,
   and other topics.


   Her*met"ic*al*ly, adv.

   1. In an hermetical manner; chemically. Boyle.

   2. By fusion, so as to form an air-tight closure.

     NOTE: &hand; A  ve ssel or  tu be is hermetically sealed when it is
     closed  completely  against  the  passage  of air or other fluid by
     fusing  the  extremity;  --  sometimes less properly applied to any
     air-tight closure.


   Her"mit  (?),  n. [OE. ermite, eremite, heremit, heremite, F. hermite,
   ermite, L. eremita, Gr. Eremite.]

   1. A person who retires from society and lives in solitude; a recluse;
   an anchoret; especially, one who so lives from religious motives.

     He had been Duke of Savoy, and after a very glorious reign, took on
     him  the  habit  of  a hermit, and retired into this solitary spot.

   2.  A  beadsman;  one  bound to pray for another. [Obs.] "We rest your
   hermits." Shak.
   Hermit  crab  (Zo\'94l.),  a  marine  decapod crustacean of the family
   Pagurid\'91.  The  species  are  numerous,  and belong to many genera.
   Called  also  soldier  crab.  The hermit crabs usually occupy the dead
   shells  of  various  univalve  mollusks.  See Illust. of Commensal. --
   Hermit  thrush  (Zo\'94l.), an American thrush (Turdus Pallasii), with
   retiring   habits,   but  having  a  sweet  song.  --  Hermit  warbler
   (Zo\'94l.), a California wood warbler (Dendroica occidentalis), having
   the  head  yellow,  the  throat  black,  and the back gray, with black


   Her"mit*age  (?;  48),  n.  [OE.  hermitage,  ermitage,  F. hermitage,
   ermitage. See Hermit.]

   1. The habitation of a hermit; a secluded residence. <-- (Capitalized)
   The  name  given by Catherine II to a part of the Czars' Winter Palace
   in  St.  Petersburg, now an art museum with a very large collection of
   old master paintings -->

     Some  forlorn and naked hermitage, Remote from all the pleasures of
     the world. Shak.

   2.  [F.  Vin de l'Hermitage.] A celebrated French wine, both white and
   red, of the Department of Dr\'93me.


   Her"mit*a*ry  (?),  n.  [Cf.  LL.  hermitorium,  eremitorium.]  A cell
   annexed to an abbey, for the use of a hermit. Howell.


   Her"mit*ess, n. A female hermit. Coleridge.


   Her*mit"i*cal  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to,  or  suited  for,  a  hermit.


   Her`mo*dac"tyl  (?),  n. [NL. hermodactylus, lit., Hermes' finger; fr.
   Gr.  (med.)  A  heart-shaped bulbous root, about the size of a finger,
   brought from Turkey, formerly used as a cathartic.


   Her`mo*ge"ni*an  (?),  n.  (Eccl. Hist.) A disciple of Hermogenes, and
   heretical  teacher  who  lived  in Africa near the close of the second
   century. He ha


   Hern  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) A heron; esp., the common European heron. "A
   stately hern." Trench.


   Her*na"ni  (?),  n.  A thin silk or woolen goods, for women's dresses,
   woven in various styles and colors.


   Herne (?), n. [AS. hyrne.] A corner. [Obs.]

     Lurking in hernes and in lanes blind. Chaucer.


   Her"ni*a  (?), n.; pl. E. Hernias (#), L. Herni\'91 (#). [L.] (Med.) A
   protrusion,  consisting of an organ or part which has escaped from its
   natural  cavity,  and  projects  through  some  natural  or accidental
   opening  in  the  walls of the latter; as, hernia of the brain, of the
   lung,  or  of  the  bowels.  Hernia  of  the abdominal viscera in most
   common.  Called also rupture. Strangulated hernia, a hernia so tightly
   compressed  in  some  part  of  the  channel through which it has been
   protruded  as  to  arrest its circulation, and produce swelling of the
   protruded  part. It may occur in recent or chronic hernia, but is more
   common in the latter.


   Her"ni*al (?), a. Of, or connected with, hernia.


   Her`ni*ot"o*my  (?), n. [Hernia + Gr. (Med.) A cutting for the cure or
   relief of hernia; celotomy.


   Hern"shaw (?), n. Heronshaw. [Obs.] Spenser.


   He"ro (?), n.; pl. Heroes (#). [F. h\'82ros, L. heros, Gr.

   1. (Myth.) An illustrious man, supposed to be exalted, after death, to
   a place among the gods; a demigod, as Hercules.

   2.  A man of distinguished valor or enterprise in danger, or fortitude
   in  suffering;  a  prominent  or  central  personage in any remarkable
   action or event; hence, a great or illustrious person.

     Each man is a hero and oracle to somebody. Emerson.

   3.  The  principal  personage  in  a poem, story, and the like, or the
   person  who  has  the  principal share in the transactions related; as
   Achilles  in  the  Iliad,  Ulysses in the Odyssey, and \'92neas in the

     The shining quality of an epic hero. Dryden.

   Hero  worship,  extravagant  admiration  for great men, likened to the
   ancient worship of heroes.

     Hero   worship   exists,  has  existed,  and  will  forever  exist,
     universally among mankind. Carlyle.


   He*ro"di*an  (?),  n.  (Jewish  Hist.)  One of a party among the Jews,
   composed  of  partisans  of  Herod  of  Galilee.  They joined with the
   Pharisees against Christ.


   He*ro`di*o"nes  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   wading  birds,  including the herons, storks, and allied forms. Called
   also Herodii. -- He*ro`di*o"nine (#), a.


   He"ro*ess (?), n. A heroine. [Obs.] Dryden.


   He*ro"ic (?), a. [F. h\'82ro\'8bque, L. hero\'8bcus, Gr.

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to,  or like, a hero; of the nature of heroes;
   distinguished  by  the  existence  of  heroes;  as, the heroic age; an
   heroic people; heroic valor.

   2.  Worthy  of  a  hero;  bold; daring; brave; illustrious; as, heroic
   action; heroic enterprises.

   3.  (Sculpture  &  Painting)  Larger  than life size, but smaller than
   colossal; -- said of the representation of a human figure.
   Heroic  Age,  the age when the heroes, or those called the children of
   the  gods,  are  supposed  to have lived. -- Heroic poetry, that which
   celebrates  the  deeds  of a hero; epic poetry. -- Heroic treatment OR
   remedies  (Med.),  treatment or remedies of a severe character, suited
   to  a  desperate case. -- Heroic verse (Pros.), the verse of heroic or
   epic  poetry,  being in English, German, and Italian the iambic of ten
   syllables;  in  French  the iambic of twelve syllables; and in classic
   poetry  the  hexameter.  Syn.  -- Brave; intrepid; courageous; daring;
   valiant;  bold;  gallant;  fearless; enterprising; noble; magnanimous;


   He*ro"ic*al (?), a. Heroic. [R.] Spectator. -- He*ro"ic*al*ly, adv. --
   He*ro"ic*al*ness, n.

   Page 689


   He*ro"ic*ness (?), n. Heroism. [R.] W. Montagu.

                           Heroicomic, Heroicomical

   He`ro*i*com"ic    (?),    He`ro*i*com"ic*al    (?),    a.    [Cf.   F.
   h\'82ro\'8bcomigue.  See  Heroic, and Comic.] Combining the heroic and
   the ludicrous; denoting high burlesque; as, a heroicomic poem.


   Her"o*ine (?), n. [F. h\'82ro\'8bne, L. heroina, Gr. Hero.]

   1. A woman of an heroic spirit.

     The heroine assumed the woman's place. Dryden.

   2.  The principal female person who figures in a remarkable action, or
   as the subject of a poem or story.


   Her"o*ism   (?;   277),   n.   [F.   h\'82ro\'8bsme.]   The  qualities
   characteristic   of   a   hero,   as   courage,   bravery,  fortitude,
   unselfishness, etc.; the display of such qualities.

     Heroism  is  the  self-devotion  of  genius  manifesting  itself in
     action. Hare.

   Syn.  --  Heroism,  Courage,  Fortitude,  Bravery, Valor, Intrepidity,
   Gallantry.  Courage  is  generic, denoting fearlessness or defiance of
   danger;  fortitude  is  passive courage, the habit of bearing up nobly
   under  trials, danger, and sufferings; bravery is courage displayed in
   daring acts; valor is courage in battle or other conflicts with living
   opponents;  intrepidity  is  firm  courage, which shrinks not amid the
   most appalling dangers; gallantry is adventurous courage, dashing into
   the  thickest  of  the fight. Heroism may call into exercise all these
   modifications  of  courage.  It  is  a  contempt  of  danger, not from
   ignorance  or  inconsiderate levity, but from a noble devotion to some
   great cause, and a just confidence of being able to meet danger in the
   spirit of such a cause. Cf. Courage.


   Her"on  (?),  n.  [OE.  heiroun,  heroun,  heron, hern, OF. hairon, F.
   h\'82ron,  OHG. heigir; cf. Icel. hegri, Dan. heire, Sw. h\'84ger, and
   also  G.  h\'84her  jay,  jackdaw,  OHG.  hehara,  higere, woodpecker,
   magpie,  D.  reiger  heron,  G.  reiher,  AS. hr&amac;gra. Cf. Aigret,
   Egret.]  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  wading  bird  of  the genus Ardea and allied
   genera,  of the family Ardeid\'91. The herons have a long, sharp bill,
   and  long  legs and toes, with the claw of the middle toe toothed. The
   common  European  heron (Ardea cinerea) is remarkable for its directly
   ascending flight, and was formerly hunted with the larger falcons.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ere ar e se veral co mmon American species; as, the
     great blue heron (Ardea herodias); the little blue (A. c\'d2rulea);
     the  green  (A.  virescens); the snowy (A. candidissima); the night
     heron  or  qua-bird  (Nycticorax nycticorax). The plumed herons are
     called egrets.

   Heron's  bill  (Bot.), a plant of the genus Erodium; -- so called from
   the  fancied  resemblance  of  the  fruit  to the head and beak of the


   Her"on*er  (?),  n.  A  hawk  used  in hunting the heron. "Heroner and
   falcon." Chaucer.


   Her"on*ry (?), n. A place where herons breed.


   Her"on*sew (?), n. A heronshaw. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Her"on*shaw  (?),  n.  [OF.  heroncel,  dim.  of h\'82ron. See Heron.]
   (Zo\'94l.) A heron. [Written variously hernshaw, harnsey, etc.]


   He`ro*\'94l"o*gist  (?),  n.  [Gr.  One  who treats of heroes. [R.] T.


   He"ro*ship  (?),  n.  The  character  or personality of a hero. "Three
   years of heroship." Cowper.


   Her"pes  (?),  n.  [L., fr. Gr. (Med.) An eruption of the skin, taking
   various   names,   according  to  its  form,  or  the  part  affected;
   especially,  an  eruption  of  vesicles  in  small  distinct clusters,
   accompanied  with  itching  or tingling, including shingles, ringworm,
   and  the  like; -- so called from its tendency to creep or spread from
   one part of the skin to another.


   Her*pet"ic   (?),   a.  [Cf.  F.  herp\'82tique.]  Pertaining  to,  or
   resembling,  the  herpes;  partaking  of  the  nature  of  herpes; as,
   herpetic eruptions.


   Her"pe*tism (?), n. [See Herpes.] (Med.) See Dartrous diathesis, under

                         Herpetologic, Herpetological

   Her*pet`o*log"ic   (?),  Her*pet`o*log"ic*al  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to


   Her`pe*tol"o*gist  (?),  n.  One versed in herpetology, or the natural
   history of reptiles.


   Her`pe*tol"o*gy (?), n. [Written also, but less properly, erpetology.]
   [Gr.  -logy: cf. F. herp\'82tologie.] The natural history of reptiles;
   that  branch  of zo\'94logy which relates to reptiles, including their
   structure, classification, and habits.


   Her`pe*tot"o*mist (?), n. One who dissects, or studies the anatomy of,


   Her`pe*tot"o*my (?), n. [Gr. The anatomy or dissection of reptiles.


   Herr  (?),  n.  A  title  of  respect  given  to gentlemen in Germany,
   equivalent to the English Mister.


   Her"ring  (?),  n.  [OE.  hering, AS. h\'91ring; akin to D. haring, G.
   h\'84ring,  hering,  OHG.  haring, hering, and prob. to AS. here army,
   and so called because they commonly move in large numbers. Cf. Harry.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  One  of various species of fishes of the genus Clupea, and
   allied  genera, esp. the common round or English herring (C. harengus)
   of the North Atlantic. Herrings move in vast schools, coming in spring
   to  the shores of Europe and America, where they are salted and smoked
   in great quantities. Herring gull (Zo\'94l.), a large gull which feeds
   in  part  upon  herrings;  esp.,  Larus  argentatus in America, and L.
   cachinnans in England. See Gull. -- Herring hog (Zo\'94l.), the common
   porpoise.  --  King of the herrings. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The chim\'91ra (C.
   monstrosa)  which  follows the schools of herring. See Chim\'91ra. (b)
   The opah.


   He"ring*bone"  (?), a. Pertaining to, or like, the spine of a herring;
   especially,  characterized  by  an  arrangement  of  work  in  rows of
   parallel  lines,  which  in  the  alternate  rows  slope  in different
   directions.  Herringbone stitch, a kind of cross-stitch in needlework,
   chiefly used in flannel. Simmonds.


   Herrn"hut*er  (?), n. (Eccl. Hist.) One of the Moravians; -- so called
   from  the  settlement of Herrnhut (the Lord's watch) made, about 1722,
   by  the  Moravians  at  the  invitation  of  Nicholas  Lewis, count of
   Zinzendorf, upon his estate in the circle of Bautzen.


   Hers (?), pron. See the Note under Her, pr. 


   Her"sal (?), n. Rehearsal. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Her"schel (?), n. (Astron.) See Uranus.


   Her*sche"li*an (?), a. Of or relating to Sir William Herschel; as, the
   Herschelian telescope.


   Herse  (?), n. [F. herse harrow, portcullis, OF. herce, LL. hercia, L.
   hirpex, gen. hirpicis, and irpex, gen. irpicis, harrow. The LL. hercia
   signifies  also  a kind of candlestick in the form of a harrow, having
   branches  filled  with  lights,  and  placed  at the head of graves or
   cenotaphs;  whence  herse  came  to  be used for the grave, coffin, or
   chest containing the dead. Cf. Hearse.]

   1.  (Fort.)  A  kind  of  gate or portcullis, having iron bars, like a
   harrow, studded with iron spikes. It is hung above gateways so that it
   may be quickly lowered, to impede the advance of an enemy. Farrow.

   2. See Hearse, a carriage for the dead.

   3. A funeral ceremonial. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Herse, v. t. Same as Hearse, v. t. Chapman.


   Her*self" (?), pron.

   1. An emphasized form of the third person feminine pronoun; -- used as
   a  subject  with  she;  as, she herself will bear the blame; also used
   alone  in  the  predicate, either in the nominative or objective case;
   as, it is herself; she blames herself.

   2. Her own proper, true, or real character; hence, her right, or sane,
   mind;  as,  the  woman was deranged, but she is now herself again; she
   has come to herself.
   By herself, alone; apart; unaccompanied.


   Her"sil*lon  (?), n. [F., fr. herse a harrow. See Herse, n.] (Fort.) A
   beam with projecting spikes, used to make a breach impassable.


   Hert (?), n. A hart. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Her"te (?), n. A heart. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Her"te*ly, a. & adv. Hearty; heartily. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Her"y  (?),  v.  t.  [AS.  herian.] To worship; to glorify; to praise.
   [Obs.] Chaucer. Spenser.


   Hes"i*tan*cy (?), n. [L. haesitantia a stammering.]

   1.  The  act  of  hesitating,  or  pausing  to  consider;  slowness in
   deciding; vacillation; also, the manner of one who hesitates.

   2. A stammering; a faltering in speech.


   Hes"i*tant  (?),  a.  [L.  haesitans,  p.  pr.  of  haesitare:  cf. F.
   h\'82sitant. See Hesitate.]

   1. Not prompt in deciding or acting; hesitating.

   2. Unready in speech. Baxter.


   Hes"i*tant*ly, adv. With hesitancy or doubt.


   Hes"i*tate  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Hesitated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hesitating.]  [L.  haesitatus, p. p. of haesitare, intens. fr. haerere
   to  hesitate,  stick  fast;  to  hang  or hold fast. Cf. Aghast, Gaze,

   1.  To  stop or pause respecting decision or action; to be in suspense
   or  uncertainty  as  to  a  determination; as, he hesitated whether to
   accept  the  offer  or  not; men often hesitate in forming a judgment.

   2.  To  stammer;  to  falter  in  speaking.  Syn.  -- To doubt; waver;
   scruple; deliberate; demur; falter; stammer.


   Hes"i*tate,  v.  t.  To  utter  with  hesitation  or  to intimate by a
   reluctant manner. [Poetic & R.]

     Just hint a fault, and hesitate dislike. Pope.


   Hes"i*ta`ting*ly, adv. With hesitation or doubt.


   Hes`i*ta"tion (?), n. [L. haesitatio: cf. F. h\'82sitation.]

   1.  The  act  of  hesitating;  suspension of opinion or action; doubt;

   2. A faltering in speech; stammering. Swift.


   Hes"i*ta*tive (?), a. Showing, or characterized by, hesitation.

     [He said] in his mild, hesitative way. R. D. Blackmore.


   Hes"i*ta*to*ry (?), a. Hesitating. R. North.


   Hesp  (?),  n.  [Cf. Icel. hespa a hasp, a wisp or skein. See Hasp.] A
   measure  of  two  hanks  of linen thread. [Scot.] [Written also hasp.]


   Hes"per (?), n. [See Hesperian.] The evening; Hesperus.


   Hes*per"e*tin  (?), n. (Chem.) A white, crystalline substance having a
   sweetish  taste,  obtained  by  the  decomposition  of hesperidin, and
   regarded as a complex derivative of caffeic acid.


   Hes*pe"ri*an (?), a. [L. hesperius, fr. hesperus the evening star, Gr.
   Vesper.] Western; being in the west; occidental. [Poetic] Milton.


   Hes*pe"ri*an,  n.  A  native  or  an  inhabitant of a western country.
   [Poetic] J. Barlow.


   Hes*pe"ri*an,   a.   (Zo\'94l.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  a  family  of
   butterflies  called  Hesperid\'91,  or  skippers. -- n. Any one of the
   numerous species of Hesperid\'91; a skipper.


   Hes"per*id (?), a. & n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as 3d Hesperian.


   Hes*per"i*dene  (?), n. [See Hesperidium.] (Chem.) An isomeric variety
   of terpene from orange oil.


   Hes*per"i*des (?), n. pl. [L., fr. Gr.

   1.  (Class.  Myth.)  The  daughters  of Hesperus, or Night (brother of
   Atlas),  and fabled possessors of a garden producing golden apples, in
   Africa,  at  the  western  extremity  of  the known world. To slay the
   guarding  dragon and get some of these apples was one of the labors of
   Hercules. Called also Atlantides.

   2. The garden producing the golden apples.

     It  not  love  a  Hercules, Still climbing trees in the Hesperides?


   Hes*per"i*din  (?), n. [See Hesperidium.] (Chem.) A glucoside found in
   ripe  and  unripe  fruit  (as  the  orange),  and extracted as a white
   crystalline substance.


   Hes`pe*rid"i*um  (?),  n.  [NL.  So  called  in allusion to the golden
   apples of the Hesperides. See Hesperides.] (Bot.) A large berry with a
   thick rind, as a lemon or an orange.


   Hes`pe*ror"nis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Paleon.) A genus of large,
   extinct,  wingless  birds  from  the  Cretaceous  deposits  of Kansas,
   belonging  to  the Odontornithes. They had teeth, and were essentially
   carnivorous swimming ostriches. Several species are known. See Illust.
   in Append.


   Hes"pe*rus (?), n. [L. See Hesper.]

   1. Venus when she is the evening star; Hesper.

   2. Evening. [Poetic]

     The Sun was sunk, and after him the Star Of Hesperus. Milton.


   Hes"sian  (?),  a.  Of  or  relating  to  Hesse, in Germany, or to the
   Hessians.  Hessian boots, OR Hessians, boot of a kind worn in England,
   in  the  early  part  of  the  nineteenth  century, tasseled in front.
   Thackeray.  --  Hessian  cloth, OR Hessians, a coarse hempen cloth for
   sacking.  --  Hessian  crucible.  See  under  Crucible. -- Hessian fly
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  small  dipterous fly or midge (Cecidomyia destructor).
   Its  larv\'91  live between the base of the lower leaves and the stalk
   of  wheat,  and are very destructive to young wheat; -- so called from
   the  erroneous  idea  that  it was brought into America by the Hessian
   troops, during the Revolution.


   Hes"sian, n.

   1. A native or inhabitant of Hesse.

   2. A mercenary or venal person. [U. S.]

     NOTE: &hand; Th is us e is  a  re lic of  the patriot hatred of the
     Hessian  mercenaries  who  served  with  the  British troops in the
     Revolutionary War.

   3. pl. See Hessian boots and cloth, under Hessian, a.


   Hess"ite  (?), n. [After H. Hess.] (Min.) A lead-gray sectile mineral.
   It is a telluride of silver.


   Hest  (?), n. [AS. hs, fr. h to call, bid. See Hight, and cf. Behest.]
   Command;  precept;  injunction.  [Archaic]  See Behest. "At thy hest."

     Let him that yields obey the victor's hest. Fairfax.

     Yet I thy hest will all perform, at full. Tennyson.

                              Hestern, Hesternal

   Hes"tern  (?),  Hes*ter"nal  (?),  a.  [L.  hesternus;  akin  to  heri
   yesterday.] Pertaining to yesterday. [Obs.] See Yester, a. Ld. Lytton.


   Hes"y*chast (?), n. [Gr. One of a mystical sect of the Greek Church in
   the fourteenth century; a quietist. Brande & C.

                              Hetairism, Hetarism

   He*tair"ism (?), Het"a*rism (?), n. [Gr. A supposed primitive state of
   society,  in  which  all  the women of a tribe were held in common. H.
   Spencer. -- Het`a*ris"tic (#), a.


   Hetch"el (?), v. t. Same as Hatchel.


   Hete  (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Hete, later Het.] Variant of Hote.

     But one avow to greate God I hete. Chaucer.


   Het"er*a*canth  (?), a. [Hetero- + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Having the spines of
   the  dorsal  fin  unsymmetrical, or thickened alternately on the right
   and left sides.


   Het"er*arch`y  (?), n. [Hetero- + -archy.] The government of an alien.
   [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Het`e*raux*e"sis  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Bot.) Unequal growth of a
   cell, or of a part of a plant.


   Het"er*o-  (?).  [Gr.  "e`teros  other.]  A  combining form signifying
   other,  other  than  usual,  different;  as,  heteroclite,  heterodox,


   Het`er*o*car"pism (?), n. [Hetero- + Gr. (Bot.) The power of producing
   two  kinds  of  reproductive  bodies,  as  in Amphicarp\'91a, in which
   besides the usual pods, there are others underground.


   Het`er*o*car"pous (?), a. (Bot.) Characterized by heterocarpism.


   Het`er*ceph"a*lous  (?), a. [Hetero- + Gr. (Bot.) Bearing two kinds of
   heads or capitula; -- said of certain composite plants.


   Het`e*roc"e*ra  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   Lepidoptera,  including  the  moths,  and  hawk  moths, which have the
   antenn\'91 variable in form.


   Het`er*o*cer"cal  (?),  a. [Hetero- + Gr. (Anat.) Having the vertebral
   column  evidently  continued into the upper lobe of the tail, which is
   usually longer than the lower one, as in sharks.

   Page 690


   Het"er*o*cer`cy  (?), n. [Hetero- + Gr. (anat.) Unequal development of
   the tail lobes of fishes; the possession of a heterocercal tail.


   Het`er*o*chro"mous  (?;  277),  a.  [Hetero-  +  Gr. (bot.) Having the
   central  florets  of  a flower head of a different color from those of
   the circumference.

                         Heterochronism, Heterochrony

   Het`er*och"ro*nism  (?),  Het`er*och"ro*ny  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Biol.) In
   evolution,  a  deviation from the typical sequence in the formation of
   organs or parts.


   Het"er*o*clite, a. [L. heteroclitus, Gr. h\'82t\'82roclite.] Deviating
   from ordinary forms or rules; irregular; anomalous; abnormal.


   Het"er*o*clite, n.

   1. (Gram.) A word which is irregular or anomalous either in declension
   or conjugation, or which deviates from ordinary forms of inflection in
   words  of  a  like  kind;  especially,  a  noun  which is irregular in

   2.  Any thing or person deviating from the common rule, or from common
   forms. Howell.

                         Heteroclitic, Heteroclitical

   Het`er*o*clit"ic  (?),  Het`er*o*clit"ic*al (?), a. [See Heteroclite.]
   Deviating   from   ordinary  forms  or  rules;  irregular;  anomalous;


   Het`er*oc"li*tous (?), a. Heteroclitic. [Obs.]


   Het"er*o*cyst  (?), n. [Hetero- + cyst.] (Bot.) A cell larger than the
   others,  and  of  different  appearance,  occurring in certain alg\'91
   related to nostoc.


   Het`er*o*dac"tyl  (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Heterodactylous. -- n. One of the


   Het`e*ro*dac"ty*l\'91  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A group of
   birds including the trogons.


   Het`er*o*dac"tyl*ous  (?),  a.  [Hetero-  +  Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Having the
   first and second toes turned backward, as in the trogons.


   Het"er*o*dont  (?),  a.  [Hetero-  +  Gr.  (Anat.)  Having  the  teeth
   differentiated  into  incisors,  canines,  and  molars,  as in man; --
   opposed to homodont.


   Het"er*o*dont, n. (Zo\'94l.) Any animal with heterodont dentition.


   Het"er*o*dox (?), a. [Gr. h\'82t\'82rodoxe.]

   1.  Contrary to, or differing from, some acknowledged standard, as the
   Bible,  the  creed of a church, the decree of a council, and the like;
   not  orthodox; heretical; -- said of opinions, doctrines, books, etc.,
   esp. upon theological subjects.

     Raw and indigested, heterodox, preaching. Strype.

   2.  Holding  heterodox opinions, or doctrines not orthodox; heretical;
   --   said   of   persons.   Macaulay.   --  Het"er*o*dox`ly,  adv.  --
   Het"er*o*dox`ness, n.


   Het"er*o*dox,  n. An opinion opposed to some accepted standard. [Obs.]
   Sir T. Browne.


   Het"er*o*dox`al (?), a. Not orthodox. Howell.


   Het"er*o*dox`y   (?),   n.  [Gr.  h\'82t\'82rodoxie.]  An  opinion  or
   doctrine,  or  a  system  of  doctrines,  contrary to some established
   standard  of  faith,  as  the  Scriptures, the creed or standards of a
   church, etc.; heresy. Bp. Bull.


   Het`er*od"ro*mous (?), a. [Hetero- + Gr.

   1. (Bot.) Having spirals of changing direction. Gray.

   2.  (Mech.) Moving in opposite directions; -- said of a lever, pulley,
   etc.,  in which the resistance and the actuating force are on opposite
   sides of the fulcrum or axis.


   Het`er*og"a*mous  (?),  a.  [Hetero-  +  Gr.  ga`mos  marriage: cf. F.
   h\'82t\'82rogame.]  (Bot.  & Biol.) (a) The condition of having two or
   more  kinds  of flowers which differ in regard to stamens and pistils,
   as in the aster. (b) Characterized by heterogamy.


   Het`er*og"a*my (?), n. [See Heterogamous.]

   1.  (Bot.)  The  process  of fertilization in plants by an indirect or
   circuitous method; -- opposed to orthogamy.

   2.  (Biol.)  That  form  of alternate generation in which two kinds of
   sexual  generation,  or  a  sexual  and  a parthenogenetic generation,
   alternate;  --  in  distinction  from  metagenesis,  where  sexual and
   asexual generations alternate. Claus & Sedgwick.


   Het`er*o*gan"gli*ate  (?), a. [Hetero- + gangliate.] (Physiol.) Having
   the ganglia of the nervous system unsymmetrically arranged; -- said of
   certain invertebrate animals.


   Het"er*o*gene (?), a. Heterogenous. [Obs.]


   Het`er*o*ge"ne*al (?), a. Heterogeneous.


   Het`er*o*ge*ne"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. h\'82t\'82rog\'82n\'82it\'82.] The
   state of being heterogeneous; contrariety.

     The  difference,  indeed the heterogeneity, of the two may be felt.


   Het`er*o*ge"ne*ous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  kin:  cf. F. h\'82t\'82rog\'8ane.]
   Differing  in  kind;  having  unlike qualities; possessed of different
   characteristics;  dissimilar;  --  opposed to homogeneous, and said of
   two  or  more connected objects, or of a conglomerate mass, considered
   in   respect   to   the   parts   of   which   it   is   made  up.  --
   Het`er*o*ge"ne*ous*ly,    adv.    --    Het`er*o*ge"ne*ous*ness,    n.
   Heterogeneous  nouns  (Gram.),  nouns  having different genders in the
   singular and plural numbers; as, hic locus, of the masculine gender in
   the  singular,  and hi loci and h\'91c loca, both masculine and neuter
   in  the  plural;  hoc  c\'91lum,  neuter  in the singular; hi c\'91li,
   masculine  in  the  plural.  -- Heterogeneous quantities (Math.), such
   quantities  as  are incapable of being compared together in respect to
   magnitude,  and  surfaces  and solids. -- Heterogeneous surds (Math.),
   surds having different radical signs.
   Het`er*o*gen"e*sis (?), n. [Hetero- + genesis.]
   1. (Biol.) Spontaneous generation, so called.
   2.  (Biol.)  That  method  of  reproduction  in  which  the successive
   generations  differ  from  each  other,  the parent organism producing
   offspring  different  in habit and structure from itself, the original
   form,  however,  reappearing after one or more generations; -- opposed
   to homogenesis, or gamogenesis.

   Het`er*o*ge*net"ic  (?),  a.  (Biol.)  Relating  to heterogenesis; as,
   heterogenetic transformations.


   Het`er*og"e*nist  (?),  n.  (Biol.)  One who believes in the theory of
   spontaneous generation, or heterogenesis. Bastian.


   Het`er*og"e*nous  (?),  a.  (Biol.) Of or pertaining to heterogenesis;


   Het`er*og"e*ny (?), n. (Biol.) Heterogenesis.


   Het`er*og"o*nous  (?),  a.  (Bot.)  Characterized  by  heterogony.  --
   Het`er*og"o*nous*ly, adv.


   Het`er*og"o*ny  (?),  n. [Hetero- + Gr. (Bot.) The condition of having
   two  or  more  kinds  of  flowers, different as to the length of their
   stamens and pistils.


   Het`er*o*graph"ic  (?),  a.  [See  Heterography.]  Employing  the same
   letters to represent different sounds in different words or syllables;
   --  said  of methods of spelling; as, the ordinary English orthography
   is heterographic.


   Het`er*og"ra*phy  (?), n. [Hetero- + -graphy.] That method of spelling
   in  which  the  same  letters  represent different sounds in different
   words,  as in the ordinary English orthography; e. g., g in get and in


   Het`er*og"y*nous (?), a. [Hetero- + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Having females very
   unlike  the  males  in  form and structure; -- as certain insects, the
   males of which are winged, and the females wingless.


   Het`er*ol"o*gous  (?),  a. [Hetero- + Gr. Characterized by heterology;
   consisting  of  different  elements,  or of like elements in different
   proportions;  different;  --  opposed  to homologous; as, heterologous
   organs.  Heterologous  stimulus.  (Physiol.)  See  under  Stimulus. --
   Heterologous  tumor  (Med.),  a  tumor differing in structure from the
   normal tissues of the body.


   Het`er*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Hetero- + -logy.]

   1.  (Biol.)  The  absence  of  correspondence, or relation, in type of
   structure;  lack  of  analogy  between  parts,  owing  to  their being
   composed  of  different  elements,  or  of  like elements in different
   proportions;  variation  in structure from the normal form; -- opposed
   to homology.

   2.  (Chem.)  The  connection  or relation of bodies which have partial
   identity of composition, but different characteristics and properties;
   the relation existing between derivatives of the same substance, or of
   the  analogous members of different series; as, ethane, ethyl alcohol,
   acetic  aldehyde,  and  acetic acid are in heterology with each other,
   though  each  in  at  the  same time a member of a distinct homologous
   series. Cf. Homology.


   Het`e*rom"e*ra  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   Coleoptera, having heteromerous tarsi.


   Het`er*om"er*ous (?), a. [See Heteromera.]

   1.  (Chem  &  Crystallog.)  Unrelated  in chemical composition, though
   similar  or indentical in certain other respects; as, borax and augite
   are hom\'d2morphous, but heteromerous.

   2. (Bot.) With the parts not corresponding in number.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Having the femoral artery developed as the principal
   artery  of  the  leg;  --  said  of certain birds, as the cotingas and
   pipras. (b) Having five tarsal joints in the anterior and middle legs,
   but  only  four  in the posterior pair, as the blister beetles and oil


   Het`er*o*mor"phic  (?),  a.  [Hetero- + Gr. (Biol.) Deviating from the
   normal,  perfect,  or mature form; having different forms at different
   stages  of existence, or in different individuals of the same species;
   --  applied  especially to insects in which there is a wide difference
   of  form  between  the  larva and the adult, and to plants having more
   than one form of flower.

                         Heteromorphism, Heteromorphy

   Het`er*o*mor"phism  (?), Het`er*o*mor"phy (?), n. (Biol.) The state or
   quality of being heteromorphic.


   Het`er*o*mor"phous (?), a. (Biol.) Heteromorphic.


   Het`e*ro*my*a"ri*a  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   bivalve  shells,  including  the  marine  mussels,  in  which  the two
   adductor  muscles  are  very unequal. See Dreissena, and Illust. under


   Het`e*ro*ne*re"is  (?), n. [NL. See Hetero-, and Nereis.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   free-swimming, dimorphic, sexual form of certain species of Nereis.

     NOTE: &hand; In  this state the head and its appendages are changed
     in  form, the eyes become very large; more or less of the parapodia
     are  highly  modified  by  the  development  of  finlike lobes, and
     branchial   lamell\'91,   and   their  set\'91  become  longer  and


   Het`er*on"o*mous  (?),  a.  [Hetero- + Gr. no`mos law.] Subject to the
   law of another. Krauth-Fleming.


   Het`er*on"o*my (?), n.

   1.  Subordination  or  subjection  to  the  law  of another; political
   subjection of a community or state; -- opposed to autonomy.

   2. (Metaph.) A term applied by Kant to those laws which are imposed on
   us from without, or the violence done to us by our passions, wants, or
   desires. Krauth-Fleming.


   Het"er*o*nym  (?),  n.  That  which  is heteronymous; a thing having a
   different  name  or  designation  from some other thing; -- opposed to


   Het`er*on"y*mous  (?), a. [Hetero- + Gr. "o`nyma, for "o`noma a name.]
   Having   different   names   or  designations;  standing  in  opposite
   relations. J. Le Conte. -- Het"er*on"y*mous*ly, adv.


   Het`er*o*ou`si*an  (?),  a.  [Hetero- + Gr. Having different essential
   qualities; of a different nature.


   Het`er*o*ou"si*an  (?),  n. (Eccl. Hist.) One of those Arians who held
   that the Son was of a different substance from the Father.


   Het`er*o*ou"si*ous (?), a. See Heteroousian.


   Het`er*o*path"ic (?), a. [Hetero- + Gr. Of or pertaining to the method
   of heteropathy; allopathic.


   Het`er*op"a*thy  (?),  n.  [See  Heteropathic.]  (Med.)  That  mode of
   treating  diseases, by which a morbid condition is removed by inducing
   an opposite morbid condition to supplant it; allopathy.


   Het`er*o*pel"mous  (?),  a.  [Hetero- + Gr. (Anat.) Having each of the
   two flexor tendons of the toes bifid, the branches of one going to the
   first  and  second  toes;  those of the other, to the third and fourth
   toes. See Illust. in Append.


   Het`e*roph"a*gi (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Altrices.


   Het`er*oph"e*mist (?), n. One liable to the fault of heterophemy.


   Het`er*oph"e*my  (?),  n.  [Hetero-  +  Gr. The unconscious saying, in
   speech  or  in  writing,  of that which one does not intend to say; --
   frequently  the  very  reverse  of  the  thought  which  is present to
   consciousness.<-- Freudian slip --> R. G. White.


   Het`er*oph"o*ny (?), n. [Hetero- + Gr. (Med.) An abnormal state of the
   voice. Mayne.


   Het`er*oph"yl*lous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  h\'82t\'82rophylle.] (Bot.) Having
   leaves of more than one shape on the same plant.


   Het"er*o*plasm (?), n. [Hetero- + Gr. An abnormal formation foreign to
   the  economy,  and composed of elements different from those are found
   in it in its normal condition. Dunglison.


   Het`er*o*plas"tic  (?),  a.  [Hetero- + -plastic.] (Biol.) Producing a
   different  type  of  organism;  developing  into  a  different form of
   tissue, as cartilage which develops into bone. Haeckel.


   Het`er*o*pod  (?), n. [Cf. F. h\'82t\'82ropode.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the
   Heteropoda. -- a. Heteropodous.


   Het`e*rop"o*da  (?),  n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. -poda.] (Zo\'94l.) An order
   of  pelagic  Gastropoda,  having the foot developed into a median fin.
   Some  of the species are naked; others, as Carinaria and Atlanta, have
   thin glassy shells.


   Het`er*op"o*dous   (?),   a.   (Zo\'94l.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  the


   Het`er*op"ter (?), n. One of the Heteroptera.


   Het`e*rop"te*ra  (?),  n.  pl. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A suborder of
   Hemiptera,  in  which the base of the anterior wings is thickened. See


   Het`er*op"tics (?), n. [Hetero- + optics.] False optics. Spectator.


   Het`er*os"cian  (?),  n. [Gr. h\'82t\'82roscien.] One who lives either
   north or south of the tropics, as contrasted with one who lives on the
   other  side  of  them; -- so called because at noon the shadows always
   fall in opposite directions (the one northward, the other southward).


   Het`e*ro"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Rhet.) A figure of speech by which
   one  form  of  a  noun,  verb,  or  pronoun, and the like, is used for
   another, as in the sentence: "What is life to such as me?" Aytoun.


   Het`e*ro*so"ma*ti  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An order of
   fishes, comprising the flounders, halibut, sole, etc., having the body
   and  head  asymmetrical,  with  both  eyes  on  one  side. Called also
   Heterosomata, Heterosomi.

                          Heterosporic, Heterosporous

   Het`er*o*spor"ic  (?),  Het`er*o*spor"ous  (?),  a. [Hetero- + spore.]
   (Bot.) Producing two kinds of spores unlike each other.


   Het"er*o*styled  (?),  a. (Bot.) Having styles of two or more distinct
   forms or lengths. Darwin.


   Het`er*o*sty"lism (?), n. (Bot.) The condition of being heterostyled.


   Het`er*o*tac"tous  (?),  a.  (Biol.) Relating to, or characterized by,


   Het"er*o*tax`y (?), n. [Hetero- + Gr. (Biol.) Variation in arrangement
   from  that  existing  in  a  normal  form; heterogenous arrangement or
   structure, as, in botany, the deviation in position of the organs of a
   plant, from the ordinary or typical arrangement.

                           Heterotopism, Heterotopy

   Het`er*ot"o*pism   (?),   Het`er*ot"o*py   (?),   n.  [Hetero-  +  Gr.

   1.  (Med.) A deviation from the natural position; -- a term applied in
   the case of organs or growths which are abnormal in situation.

   2. (Biol.) A deviation from the natural position of parts, supposed to
   be effected in thousands of years, by the gradual displacement of germ

   Page 691


   Het`e*rot"ri*cha  (?),  n.  pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   ciliated  Infusoria, having fine cilia all over the body, and a circle
   of larger ones around the anterior end.

                          Heterotropal, Heterotropous

   Het`er*ot"ro*pal  (?),  Het`er*ot"ro*pous  (,  a.  [Gr.  "etero`tropos
   turning  another  way; h\'82t\'82rotrope.] (Bot.) Having the embryo or
   ovule oblique or transverse to the funiculus; amphitropous. Gray.


   He"thing (?), n. Contempt; scorn. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Het"man (?), n.; pl. Hetmans (#). [Pol. hetman. Cf. Ataman.] A Cossack
   headman  or general. The title of chief hetman is now held by the heir
   to the throne of Russia.


   Heugh (?), n. [Cf. Hogh.]

   1.  A  crag;  a  cliff;  a glen with overhanging sides. [Scot. & Prov.

   2. A shaft in a coal pit; a hollow in a quarry. [Scot.]


   Heuk (?), n. Variant of Huke. [Obs.]


   Heu"land*ite  (?), n. [After Heuland, an English mineralogist.] (Min.)
   A  mineral  of  the  Zeolite family, often occurring in amygdaloid, in
   foliated masses, and also in monoclinic crystals with pearly luster on
   the cleavage face. It is a hydrous silicate of alumina and lime.


   Heu*ris"tic (?), a. [Gr. Serving to discover or find out.


   Hev"ed (?), n. The head. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hew (?), v. t. [imp. Hewed (?); p. p. Hewed or Hewn (; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hewing.]  [AS.  he\'a0wan;  akin  to D. houwen, OHG. houwan, G. hauen,
   Icel.  h\'94ggva,  Sw.  hugga,  Dan.  hugge,  Lith. kova battle, Russ.
   kovate to hammer, forge. Cf. Hay cut grass, Hoe.]

   1.  To  cut with an ax; to fell with a sharp instrument; -- often with
   down, or off. Shak.

   2.  To  form  or shape with a sharp instrument; to cut; hence, to form
   laboriously; -- often with out; as, to hew out a sepulcher.

     Look unto the rock whence ye are hewn. Is. li. 1.

     Rather polishing old works than hewing out new. Pope.

   3. To cut in pieces; to chop; to hack.

     Hew them to pieces; hack their bones asunder. Shak.


   Hew, n. Destruction by cutting down. [Obs.]

     Of whom he makes such havoc and such hew. Spenser.


   Hew, n.

   1. Hue; color. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. Shape; form. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Hewe  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Hind a peasant.] A domestic servant; a retainer.
   [Obs.] "False homely hewe." Chaucer.


   Hew"er (?), n. One who hews.


   Hew"hole`  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Hickwall.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The  European green
   woodpecker. See Yaffle.


   Hewn (?), a.

   1.  Felled, cut, or shaped as with an ax; roughly squared; as, a house
   built of hewn logs.

   2. Roughly dressed as with a hammer; as, hewn stone.

                                  Hex-, Hexa

   Hex-  (?),  Hex"a  (#). [Gr. Six.] A prefix or combining form, used to
   denote six, sixth, etc.; as, hexatomic, hexabasic.


   Hex`a*ba"sic  (?),  a.  [Hexa-  +  basic.] (Chem.) Having six hydrogen
   atoms or six radicals capable of being replaced or saturated by bases;
   -- said of acids; as, mellitic acid is hexabasic.


   Hex`a*cap"su*lar  (?),  a.  [Hexa-  +  capsular.]  (Bot.)  Having  six
   capsules or seed vessels.


   Hex"a*chord  (?),  n.  [Hexa- + Gr. hexacorde.] (Mus.) A series of six
   notes,  with  a  semitone  between  the  third  and  fourth, the other
   intervals being whole tones.


   Hex`ac"id  (?), a. [Hex- + acid.] (Chem.) Having six atoms or radicals
   capable  of being replaced by acids; hexatomic; hexavalent; -- said of
   bases; as, mannite is a hexacid base.


   Hex*ac`ti*nel"lid   (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having  six-rayed  spicules;
   belonging to the Hexactinellin\'91.


   Hex*ac`ti*nel"line  (?),  a.  [From  NL.  Hexactinellin\'91,  fr.  Gr.
   (Zo\'94l.)  Belonging  to  the  Hexactinellin\'91, a group of sponges,
   having six-rayed siliceous spicules.


   Hex`ac*tin"i*a (?), n. pl. [NL. See Hex-, and Actinia.] (Zo\'94l.) The


   Hex"ad (?), n. [L. hexas, hexadis, the number six, Gr. (chem.) An atom
   whose  valence  is  six, and which can be theoretically combined with,
   substituted  for,  or  replaced  by,  six monad atoms or radicals; as,
   sulphur is a hexad in sulphuric acid. Also used as an adjective.


   Hex`a*dac"tyl*ous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  hexadactyle.] (Zo\'94l.) Having six
   fingers or toes.


   Hex"ade (?), n. [See Hexad.] A series of six numbers.


   Hex"a*dec`ane (?), n. (Chem.) See Hecdecane.


   Hex"a*gon  (?), n. [L. hexagonum, Gr. six) + (Geom.) A plane figure of
   six  angles.  Regular  hexagon,  a hexagon in which the angles are all
   equal, and the sides are also all equal.


   Hex*ag"o*nal  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  hexagonal.] Having six sides and six
   angles;    six-sided.   Hexagonal   system.   (Crystal.)   See   under


   Hex*ag"o*nal*ly, adv. In an hexagonal manner.


   Hex*ag"o*ny (?), n. A hexagon. [Obs.] Bramhall.


   Hex`a*gyn"i*a   (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  hexagynie.]  (Bot.)  A
   Linn\'91an order of plants having six pistils.

                            Hexagynian, Hexagynous

   Hex`a*gyn"i*an  (?),  Hex*ag"y*nous  (,  a.  [Cf. F. hexagyne.] (Bot.)
   Having six pistils.


   Hex`a*he"dral (?), a. In the form of a hexahedron; having six sides or


   Hex`a*he"dron  (?),  n.;  pl.  E.  Hexahedrons  (#), L. Hexahedra (#).
   [Hexa- + Gr. hexa\'8adre.] (Geom.) A solid body of six sides or faces.
   Regular  hexahedron, a hexagon having six equal squares for its sides;
   a cube.


   Hex`a*hem"er*on (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. hexa\'89meron, Gr.

   1. A term of six days. Good.

   2.  The history of the six day's work of creation, as contained in the
   first chapter of Genesis.


   Hex*am"er*ous (?), a. [Hexa- + Gr. (Bot.) In six parts; in sixes.


   Hex*am"e*ter  (?),  n. [L., fr. Gr. hexam\'8atre. See Six, and Meter.]
   (Gr. & Lat. Pros.) A verse of six feet, the first four of which may be
   either  dactyls or spondees, the fifth must regularly be a dactyl, and
   the  sixth always a spondee. In this species of verse are composed the
   Iliad  of  Homer  and  the  \'92neid  of Virgil. In English hexameters
   accent takes the place of quantity.

     Leaped like the | roe when he | hears in the | woodland the | voice
     of the | huntsman. Longfellow.

     Strongly  it  |  bears us a- | long on | swelling and | limitless |
     billows,  Nothing be- | fore and | nothing be- | hind but the | sky
     and the | ocean. Coleridge.


   Hex*am"e*ter,  a.  Having  six  metrical  feet, especially dactyls and
   spondees. Holland.

                           Hexametric, Hexametrical

   Hex`a*met"ric (?), Hex`a*met"ric*al (?), a. Consisting of six metrical


   Hex*am"e*trist  (?),  n.  One who writes in hexameters. "The Christian
   hexametrists." Milman.


   Hex*an"dri*a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. hexandrie.] (Bot.) A Linn\'91an
   class of plants having six stamens.

                            Hexandrian, Hex-androus

   Hex*an"dri*an  (?),  Hex-an"drous  (?),  a.  [Cf. F. hexandre.] (Bot.)
   Having six stamens.


   Hex"ane  (?),  n.  [Gr. (Chem.)Any one of five hydrocarbons, C6H14, of
   the  paraffin series. They are colorless, volatile liquids, and are so
   called because the molecule has six carbon atoms.


   Hex*an"gu*lar  (?),  a.  [Hex-  + angular. Cf. Sexangular.] Having six
   angles or corners.


   Hex`a*pet"al*ous (?), a. [Hexa- + petal: cf. F. hexap\'82tale.] (Bot.)
   Having six petals.


   Hex*aph"yl*lous  (?),  a.  [Hexa- + Gr. hexaphylle.] (Bot.) Having six
   leaves or leaflets.


   Hex"a*pla  (?),  n. Etym. pl., but syntactically sing. [NL., fr. Gr. A
   collection  of the Holy Scriptures in six languages or six versions in
   parallel  columns;  particularly,  the  edition  of  the Old Testament
   published by Origen, in the 3d century.


   Hex"a*pod (?), a. [Gr. hexapode.] Having six feet. -- n. (Zo\'94l.) An
   animal having six feet; one of the Hexapoda.


   Hex*ap"o*da  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. -poda.] (Zo\'94l.) The true, or
   six-legged, insects; insects other than myriapods and arachnids.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e He xapoda ha ve th e he ad, th orax, an d abdomen
     differentiated,  and  are  mostly  winged. They have three pairs of
     mouth   organs,   viz.,   mandibles,  maxill\'91,  and  the  second
     maxill\'91  or  labial  palpi;  three  pairs  of thoracic legs; and
     abdominal legs, which are present only in some of the lowest forms,
     and  in  the  larval  state  of  some of the higher ones. Many (the
     Metabola)  undergo a complete metamorphosis, having larv\'91 (known
     as  maggots,  grubs,  caterpillars) very unlike the adult, and pass
     through  a  quiescent  pupa state in which no food is taken; others
     (the  Hemimetabola)  have  larv\'91  much like the adult, expert in
     lacking  wings,  and  an  active  pupa,  in which rudimentary wings
     appear. See Insecta. The Hexapoda are divided into several orders.


   Hex*ap"o*dous  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having six feet; belonging to the


   Hex*ap"ter*ous (?), a. [Hexa- + Gr. (Bot.) Having six processes. Gray.

                            Hexastich, Hexastichon

   Hex"a*stich  (?),  Hex*as"ti*chon (?), n. [L. hexastichus of six rows,
   lines,  or  verses,  Gr. "e`x six + sti`chos row, line, verse.] A poem
   consisting of six verses or lines.


   Hex"a*style  (?),  a.  [Gr.  hexastyle.] (Arch.) Having six columns in
   front;  --  said  of a portico or temple. -- n. A hexastyle portico or


   Hex"a*teuch`  (?),  n.  [Hexa-  +  The  first  six  books  of  the Old


   Hex`a*tom"ic  (?), a. [Hex- + atomic.] (Chem.) (a) Having six atoms in
   the molecule. [R.] (b) Having six replaceable radicals.


   Hex*av"a*lent (?), a. [Hexa- + L. valens, -entis, p. pr. See Valence.]
   (Chem.) Having a valence of six; -- said of hexads.


   Hex"de*cyl  (?),  n.  [Hex-  +  decyl.] (Chem.) The essential radical,
   C16H33, of hecdecane.


   Hex`de*cyl"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, hexdecyl
   or hecdecane; as, hexdecylic alcohol.


   Hex*ei"ko*sane  (?),  n.  [Hex-  +  eikosane.]  (chem.) A hydrocarbon,
   C26H54,  resembling  paraffine; -- so called because each molecule has
   twenty-six atoms of carbon. [Written also hexacosane.]


   Hex"ene (?), n. [Gr. (Chem.) Same as Hexylene.


   Hex`i*col"ogy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -logy.] The science which treats of the
   complex relations of living creatures to other organisms, and to their
   surrounding conditions generally. <-- = ecology --> St. George Mivart.


   Hex"ine  (?),  n. [Gr. "e`x six.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon, C6H10, of the
   acetylene  series,  obtained  artificially  as  a colorless, volatile,
   pungent liquid; -- called also hexoylene.


   Hex*oc`ta*he"dron  (?), n. [Hex- + octahedron.] (Geom.) A solid having
   forty-eight equal triangular faces.


   Hex*o"ic  (?),  a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, hexane; as,
   hexoic acid.


   Hex"one  (?), n. [Hex- + -one.] (Chem.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C6H8, of
   the  valylene  series,  obtained from distillation products of certain
   fats and gums.


   Hex"yl  (?),  n.  [Hex-  +  -yl.]  (chem.)  A compound radical, C6H13,
   regarded  as  the essential residue of hexane, and a related series of


   Hex"yl*ene (?), n. [Hex- + -yl + ethlene.] (Chem.) A colorless, liquid
   hydrocarbon, C6H12, of the ethylene series, produced artificially, and
   found as a natural product of distillation of certain coals; also, any
   one several isomers of hexylene proper. Called also hexene.


   Hex*yl"ic  (?),  a.  (chem.)  Pertaining to, or derived from, hexyl or
   hexane; as, hexylic alcohol.


   Hey (?), a. [See High.] High. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hey (?), interj. [OE. hei; cf. D. & G. hei.]

   1. An exclamation of joy, surprise, or encouragement. Shak.

   2. A cry to set dogs on. Shak.


   Hey"day`  (?), interj. [Cf. G. heida, or hei da, D. hei daar. Cf. Hey,
   and  There.]  An expression of frolic and exultation, and sometimes of
   wonder. B. Jonson.


   Hey"day` (?), n. [Prob. for. high day. See High, and Day.] The time of
   triumph  and  exultation;  hence,  joy,  high spirits, frolicsomeness;

     The heyday in the blood is tame. Shak.

     In the heyday of their victories. J. H. Newman.


   Hey"de*guy (?), n. [Perh. fr. heyday + guise.] A kind of country-dance
   or round. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                  Heyh, Heygh

   Heyh, Heygh (, a. High. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Heyne  (?),  n.  [AS.  he\'a0n  low, mean.] A wretch; a rascal. [Obs.]


   Hey"ten (?), adv. [Icel. h.] Hence. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hi*a"tion (?), n. [See Hiatus.] Act of gaping. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


   Hi*a"tus  (?),  n.;  pl.  L.  Hiatus, E. Hiatuses (#). [L., fr. hiare,
   hiatum, to gape; akin to E. yawn. See Yawn.]

   1.  An  opening;  an  aperture;  a  gap;  a chasm; esp., a defect in a
   manuscript,  where  some  part  is  lost  or  effaced;  a  space where
   something is wanting; a break.

   2.  (Gram.)  The  concurrence of two vowels in two successive words or
   syllables. Pope.


   Hi*ber"na*cle  (?),  n.  [L.  hibernaculum  a  winter  residence,  pl.
   hibernacula  winter  quarters: cf. F. hibernacle. See Hibernate.] That
   which serves for protection or shelter in winter; winter quarters; as,
   the hibernacle of an animal or a plant. Martyn.


   Hi`ber*nac"u*lum (?), n. [See Hibernacle.]

   1. (Bot.) A winter bud, in which the rudimentary foliage or flower, as
   of  most  trees  and  shrubs  in  the  temperate zone, is protected by
   closely overlapping scales.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A little case in which certain insects pass the winter.

   3. Winter home or abiding place. J. Burroughs.


   Hi*ber"nal (?), a. [L. hibernalis, from the root of hiems winter; akin
   to  Gr.  hima  cold,  winter,  snow:  cf.  F.  hibernal.] Belonging or
   relating to winter; wintry; winterish. Sir T. Browne.


   Hi"ber*nate  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Hibernated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hibernating  (?).]  [L. hibernare, hibernatum, fr. hibernu wintry. See
   Hibernal.]  To winter; to pass the season of winter in close quarters,
   in  a  torpid  or  lethargic  state, as certain mammals, reptiles, and

     Inclination  would  lead  me to hibernate, during half the year, in
     this uncomfortable climate of Great Britain. Southey.


   Hi`ber*na"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  hibernation.]  The act or state of
   hibernating. Evelyn.


   Hi*ber"ni*an  (?),  a.  [L.  Hibernia,  Ireland.]  Of or pertaining to
   Hibernia,  now  Ireland;  Irish.  --  n.  A native or an inhabitant of

                           Hibernicism, Hibernianism

   Hi*ber"ni*cism  (?),  Hi*ber"ni*an*ism  (?),  n.  An  idiom or mode of
   speech peculiar to the Irish. Todd.


   Hi*ber"no-Celt"ic  (?),  n.  The  native  language  of the Irish; that
   branch  of the Celtic languages spoken by the natives of Ireland. Also


   Hi*bis"cus (?), n. [L., marsh mallow; cf. Gr. (Bot.) A genus of plants
   (herbs,  shrubs,  or  trees),  some species of which have large, showy
   flowers.  Some  species are cultivated in India for their fiber, which
   is used as a substitute for hemp. See Althea, Hollyhock, and Manoe.

                                Hiccius doctius

   Hic"ci*us  doc"ti*us  (?).  [Corrupted fr. L. hic est doctus this is a
   learned man.] A juggler. [Cant]<-- ==> hocus pocus --> Hudibras.

   Page 692


   Hic"cough  (?;  277),  n.  [OE.  hickup,  hicket,  hickock;  prob.  of
   imitative  origin;  cf.  D. & Dan. hik, Sw. hicka, Armor. hak, hik, W.
   ig,   F.  hoquet.]  (Physiol.)  A  modified  respiratory  movement;  a
   spasmodic  inspiration,  consisting  of  a  sudden  contraction of the
   diaphragm,  accompanied  with  closure of the glottis, so that further
   entrance  of  air is prevented, while the impulse of the column of air
   entering  and  striking  upon  the closed glottis produces a sound, or
   hiccough. [Written also hickup or hiccup.]


   Hic"cough  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Hiccoughed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hiccoughing.] To have a hiccough or hiccoughs.


   Hick"o*ry (?), n. [North American Indian pawcohiccora (Capt. J. Smith)
   a  kind  of  milk  or  oily  liquor pressed from pounded hickory nuts.
   "Pohickory"  is  named  in a list of Virginia trees, in 1653, and this
   was  finally  shortened  to  "hickory."  J.  H.  Trumbull.]  (Bot.) An
   American  tree of the genus Carya, of which there are several species.
   The shagbark is the C. alba, and has a very rough bark; it affords the
   hickory  nut  of  the markets. The pignut, or brown hickory, is the C.
   glabra.  The  swamp  hickory  is C. amara, having a nut whose shell is
   very  thin  and  the  kernel  bitter. Hickory shad. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The
   mattowacca, or fall herring. (b) The gizzard shad.


   Hicks"ite  (?), n. A member or follower of the "liberal" party, headed
   by  Elias  Hicks,  which,  because of a change of views respecting the
   divinity  of  Christ  and the Atonement, seceded from the conservative
   portion of the Society of Friends in the United States, in 1827.


   Hick"up (?), n. & v. i. See Hiccough.

                               Hickwall, Hickway

   Hick"wall`  (?), Hick"way` (?), n. [OE., also hyghwhele, highawe.] The
   lesser spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopus minor) of Europe. [Prov. Eng.]


   Hid (?), imp. & p. p. of Hide. See Hidden.


   Hid"age  (?),  n. [From hide a quantity of land.] (O. Eng. Law.) A tax
   formerly paid to the kings of England for every hide of land. [Written
   also hydage.]


   Hi*dal"go  (?),  n.  [Sp.,  contr.  fr.  hijo  de  algo, i. e., son of
   something; hijo son (fr. LL. filius) + algo something, fr. L. aliquod.
   Cf. Fidalgo.] A title, denoting a Spanish nobleman of the lower class.


   Hid"den (?), p. p. & a. from Hide. Concealed; put out of view; secret;
   not  known;  mysterious.  Hidden fifths OR octaves (Mus.), consecutive
   fifths  or  octaves,  not  sounded,  but  suggested  or implied in the
   parallel  motion  of  two  parts towards a fifth or an octave. Syn. --
   Hidden,  Secret, Covert. Hidden may denote either known to on one; as,
   a  hidden disease; or intentionally concealed; as, a hidden purpose of
   revenge.  Secret  denotes that the thing is known only to the party or
   parties  concerned;  as, a secret conspiracy. Covert literally denotes
   what is not open or avowed; as, a covert plan; but is often applied to
   what  we mean shall be understood, without openly expressing it; as, a
   covert allusion. Secret is opposed to known, and hidden to revealed.

     Bring to light the hidden things of darkness. 1 Cor. iv. 5.

     My  heart, which by a secret harmony Still moves with thine, joined
     in connection sweet. Milton.

     By  what  best  way,  Whether  of open war, or covert guile, We now
     debate. Milton.


   Hid"den*ite  (?),  n.  [After  W.  E. Hidden.] (Min.) An emerald-green
   variety  of spodumene found in North Carolina; lithia emerald, -- used
   as a gem.


   Hid"den*ly (?), adv. In a hidden manner.


   Hide  (?), v. t. [imp. Hid (?); p. p. Hidden (?), Hid; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hiding  (?).]  [OE.  hiden,  huden, AS. h; akin to Gr. house, hut, and
   perh. to E. hide of an animal, and to hoard. Cf. Hoard.]

   1. To conceal, or withdraw from sight; to put out of view; to secrete.

     A city that is set on an hill can not be hid. Matt. v. 15.

     If circumstances lead me, I will find Where truth is hid. Shak.

   2. To withhold from knowledge; to keep secret; to refrain from avowing
   or confessing.

     Heaven from all creatures hides the book of fate. Pope.

   3. To remove from danger; to shelter.

     In  the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion. Ps. xxvi.

   To  hide  one's  self, to put one's self in a condition to be safe; to
   secure  protection.  "A  prudent  man  foreseeth  the evil, and hideth
   himself." Prov. xxii. 3. -- To hide the face, to withdraw favor. "Thou
   didst  hide  thy face, and I was troubled." Ps. xxx. 7. -- To hide the
   face  from.  (a) To overlook; to pardon. "Hide thy face from my sins."
   Ps.  li. 9. (b) To withdraw favor from; to be displeased with. Syn. --
   To  conceal;  secrete; disguise; dissemble; screen; cloak; mask; veil.
   See Conceal.
   Hide,  v.  i.  To lie concealed; to keep one's self out of view; to be
   withdrawn from sight or observation. 

     Bred to disguise, in public 'tis you hide. Pope.

   Hide  and seek, a play of children, in which some hide themselves, and
   others seek them. Swift.


   Hide,  n.  [AS.  h\'c6d, earlier h\'c6ged; prob. orig., land enough to
   support  a family; cf. AS. h\'c6wan, h\'c6gan, members of a household,
   and E. hind a peasant.] (O. Eng. Law.) (a) An abode or dwelling. (b) A
   measure of land, common in Domesday Book and old English charters, the
   quantity  of  which  is not well ascertained, but has been differently
   estimated at 80, 100, and 120 acres. [Written also hyde.]


   Hide,  n.  [OE.hide,  hude,  AS.  h; akin to D. huid, OHG, h, G. haut,
   Icel. h, Dan. & Sw. hud, L. cutis, Gr. scutum shield, and E. sky. .]

   1.  The skin of an animal, either raw or dressed; -- generally applied
   to  the  undressed  skins  of  the  larger  domestic animals, as oxen,
   horses, etc.

   2. The human skin; -- so called in contempt.

     O tiger's heart, wrapped in a woman's hide! Shak.


   Hide (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hided; p. pr. & vb. n. Hiding.] To flog;
   to whip. [Prov. Eng. & Low, U. S.]


   Hide"bound` (?), a.

   1.  Having the skin adhering so closely to the ribs and back as not to
   be easily loosened or raised; -- said of an animal.

   2.  (Hort.)  Having the bark so close and constricting that it impedes
   the growth; -- said of trees. Bacon.

   3.   Untractable;   bigoted;   obstinately  and  blindly  or  stupidly
   conservative. Milton. Carlyle.

   4. Niggardly; penurious. [Obs.] Quarles.


   Hid"e*ous  (?; 277), a. [OE. hidous, OF. hidous, hidos, hidus, hisdos,
   hisdous,  F. hideux: cf. OF. hide, hisde, fright; of uncertain origin;
   cf.  OHG.  egid\'c6  horror,  or  L.  hispidosus,  for hispidus rough,
   bristly, E. hispid.]

   1.  Frightful, shocking, or offensive to the eyes; dreadful to behold;
   as,   a  hideous  monster;  hideous  looks.  "A  piteous  and  hideous
   spectacle." Macaulay.

   2. Distressing or offensive to the ear; exciting terror or dismay; as,
   a hideous noise. "Hideous cries." Shak.

   3. Hateful; shocking. "Sure, you have some hideous matter to deliver."
   Shak.  Syn.  --  Frightful;  ghastly;  grim; grisly; horrid; dreadful;
   terrible. -- Hid"e*ous*ly, adv. -- Hid"e*ous*ness, n.


   Hid"er (?), n. One who hides or conceals.


   Hid"ing,  n.  The  act of hiding or concealing, or of withholding from
   view or knowledge; concealment.

     There was the hiding of his power. Hab. iii. 4.


   Hid"ing, n. A flogging. [Colloq.] Charles Reade.


   Hie  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Hied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hying.] [OE.
   hien, hihen, highen, AS. higian to hasten, strive; cf. L. ciere to put
   in  motion, call upon, rouse, Gr. cite.] To hasten; to go in haste; --
   also  often  with the reciprocal pronoun. [Rare, except in poetry] "My
   husband hies him home." Shak.

     The youth, returning to his mistress, hies. Dryden.


   Hie, n. Haste; diligence. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hi"ems (?), n. [L.] Winter. Shak.


   Hi"e*ra*pi"cra  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (med.)  A warming cathartic
   medicine, made of aloes and canella bark. Dunglison.


   Hi"er*arch  (?),  n.  [LL.  hierarcha,  Gr.  ishiras  vigorous, fresh,
   blooming)  + hi\'82rarque.] One who has high and controlling authority
   in sacred things; the chief of a sacred order; as, princely hierarchs.

                            Hierarchal, Hierarchic

   Hi"er*arch`al  (?),  Hi`er*arch"ic  (?),  a. Pertaining to a hierarch.
   "The great hierarchal standard." Milton.


   Hi`er*arch"ic*al  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F. hi\'82rarchique.] Pertaining to a
   hierarchy.  --  Hi`er*arch`ic*al*ly, adv. <-- MW10 = "of, relating to,
   or  arranged  in  a  hierarchy"  --> <-- 2. Pertaining to a transitive
   relation  between  objects  by  which  they  may  be  ordered  into  a
   hierarchy. -->


   Hi"er*arch`ism (?), n. The principles or authority of a hierarchy.

     The more dominant hierarchism of the West. Milman.


   Hi"er*arch`y (?), n.; pl. Hierarchies (#). [Gr. hi\'82rarchie.]

   1. Dominion or authority in sacred things.

   2.  A  body of officials disposed organically in ranks and orders each
   subordinate to the one above it; a body of ecclesiastical rulers.

   3.  A  form  of  government  administered in the church by patriarchs,
   metropolitans,  archbishops,  bishops,  and, in an inferior degree, by
   priests. Shipley.

   4. A rank or order of holy beings.

     Standards and gonfalons . . . for distinction serve Of hierarchies,
     of orders, and degrees. Milton.

   <--  5.  Any group of objects ranked so that every one but the topmost
   is  subordinate  to  a  specified  one above it. The ordering relation
   between  each  object  and  the  one  above  is called a "hierarchical
   relation" -->


   Hi`er*at"ic (?), a. [L. hieraticus, Gr. hi\'82ratique.] Consecrated to
   sacred  uses; sacerdotal; pertaining to priests. Hieratic character, a
   mode  of  ancient  Egyptian writing; a modified form of hieroglyphics,
   tending  toward  a  cursive  hand  and  formerly  supposed  to  be the
   sacerdotal  character,  as  the demotic was supposed to be that of the
     It  was  a  false  notion  of the Greeks that of the three kinds of
     writing  used  by  the  Egyptians,  two  --  for that reason called
     hieroglyphic  and  hieratic -- were employed only for sacred, while
     the third, the demotic, was employed for secular, purposes. No such
     distinction is discoverable on the more ancient Egyptian monuments;
     bur  we retain the old names founded on misapprehension. W. H. Ward
     (Johnson's Cyc.).

   Hi`er*oc"ra*cy  (?), n. [Gr. Government by ecclesiastics; a hierarchy.

                           Hieroglyph, Hieroglyphic

   Hi"er*o*glyph  (?),  Hi`er*o*glyph"ic  (?), n. [Cf. F. hi\'82roglyphe.
   See Hieroglyphic, a.]

   1.  A  sacred  character;  a  character  in picture writing, as of the
   ancient  Egyptians,  Mexicans,  etc.  Specifically, in the plural, the
   picture  writing  of  the  ancient  Egyptian priests. It is made up of
   three,  or,  as  some  say,  four  classes  of  characters: first, the
   hieroglyphic proper, or figurative, in which the representation of the
   object conveys the idea of the object itself; second, the ideographic,
   consisting  of  symbols  representing ideas, not sounds, as an ostrich
   feather  is  a  symbol  of  truth;  third, the phonetic, consisting of
   symbols  employed  as  syllables  of  a  word,  or  as  letters of the
   alphabet, having a certain sound, as a hawk represented the vowel a.

   2. Any character or figure which has, or is supposed to have, a hidden
   or  mysterious  significance;  hence,  any unintelligible or illegible
   character or mark. [Colloq.]

                         Hieroglyphic, Hieroglyphical

   Hi`er*o*glyph"ic  (?), Hi`er*o*glyph"ic*al (?), a. [L. hieroglyphicus,
   Gr. hi\'82roglyphique.]

   1.  Emblematic; expressive of some meaning by characters, pictures, or
   figures; as, hieroglyphic writing; a hieroglyphic obelisk.

     Pages no better than blanks to common minds, to his, hieroglyphical
     of wisest secrets. Prof. Wilson.

   2.  Resembling  hieroglyphics;  not  decipherable.  "An hieroglyphical
   scrawl." Sir W. Scott.


   Hi`er*o*glyph`ic*ally (?), adv. In hieroglyphics.


   Hi`er*og"ly*phist (?; 277), n. One versed in hieroglyphics. Gliddon.


   Hi"er*o*gram  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -gram.]  A  form  of  sacred or hieratic


   Hi`er*o*gram"mat"ic  (?), a. [Cf. F. hi\'82rogrammatique.] Written in,
   or  pertaining  to,  hierograms;  expressive  of  sacred  writing. Bp.


   Hi`er*o*gram"ma*tist (?), n. [Cf. F. hi\'82rogrammatiste.] A writer of
   hierograms; also, one skilled in hieroglyphics. Greenhill.

                         Hierographic, Hierographical

   Hi`er*o*graph"ic  (?), Hi`er*o*graph"ic*al (?), a. [L. hierographicus,
   Gr. hi\'82rographique.] Of or pertaining to sacred writing.


   Hi`er*og"ra*phy  (?),  n.  [Gr. hi\'82rographie.] Sacred writing. [R.]


   Hi`er*ol"a*try  (?),  n.  [Gr. The worship of saints or sacred things.
   [R.] Coleridge.

                           Hierologic, Hierological

   Hi`er*o*log"ic    (?),    Hi`er*o*log"ic*al    (?),    a.    [Cf.   F.
   hi\'82rologique.] Pertaining to hierology.


   Hi`er*ol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in, or whostudies, hierology.


   Hi`er*ol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  hi\'82rologie.]  A  treatise  on sacred
   things;  especially,  the science which treats of the ancient writings
   and inscriptions of the Egyptians, or a treatise on that science.


   Hi"er*o*man`cy  (?),  n. [Gr. hi\'82romantie.] Divination by observing
   the objects offered in sacrifice.


   Hi"er*mar`tyr (?), n. [Gr. martyr.] A priest who becomes a martyr.


   Hi`e*rom*ne"mon (?), n. [NL., from Gr. (gr. Antiq.)

   1.  The  sacred  secretary or recorder sent by each state belonging to
   the  Amphictyonic Council, along with the deputy or minister. Liddel &

   2.  A magistrate who had charge of religious matters, as at Byzantium.
   Liddel & Scott.


   Hi"er*on (?), n. [Gr. A consecrateo place; esp., a temple.


   Hi`er*on"y*mite  (?), n. [From St. Hieronymus, or Jerome.] (Eccl.) See


   Hi*er"o*phant   (?;   277),  n.  [L.  hierophanta,  hierophantes,  Gr.
   hi\'82rophante.]  The presiding priest who initiated candidates at the
   Eleusinian  mysteries; hence, one who teaches the mysteries and duties
   of religion. Abp Potter.


   Hi`er*o*phan"tic  (?),  a. [Gr. Of or relating to hierophants or their


   Hi`er*os"co*py  (?),  n.  [Gr. Divination by inspection of entrails of
   victims offered in sacrifice.


   Hi`er*o*the"ca (?), n.; pl. -c\'91 (#). [NL., fr. Gr. A receptacle for
   sacred objects.


   Hi"er*our`gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  A sacred or holy work or worship. [Obs.]


   Hi`fa*lu"tin (?), n. See Highfaluting.


   Hig"gle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Higgled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Higgling
   (?).] [Cf. Haggle, or Huckster.]

   1. To hawk or peddle provisions.

   2.  To chaffer; to stickle for small advantages in buying and selling;
   to haggle.

     A person accustomed to higgle about taps. Jeffry.

     To truck and higgle for a private good. Emerson.


   Hig`gle*dy-pig"gle*dy  (?),  adv. In confusion; topsy-turvy. [Colloq.]


   Hig"gler (?), n. One who higgles.


   High (?), v. i. [See Hie.] To hie. [Obs.]

     Men must high them apace, and make haste. Holland.


   High  (?),  a. [Compar. Higher (?); superl. Highest.] [OE. high, hegh,
   hey,  heh, AS. he\'a0h, h; akin to OS. hh, OFries. hag, hach, D. hoog,
   OHG.  hh, G. hoch, Icel. hr, Sw. h\'94g, Dan. h\'94i, Goth. hauhs, and
   to Icel. haugr mound, G. h\'81gel hill, Lith. kaukaras.]

   1.  Elevated  above  any  starting point of measurement, as a line, or
   surface;  having  altitude;  lifted  up;  raised  or  extended  in the
   direction  of  the  zenith;  lofty;  tall; as, a high mountain, tower,
   tree; the sun is high.

   2.  Regarded  as  raised  up  or  elevated; distinguished; remarkable;
   conspicuous;  superior;  -- used indefinitely or relatively, and often
   in  figurative  senses, which are understood from the connection; as -
   (a)  Elevated  in character or quality, whether moral or intellectual;
   pre\'89minent;  honorable;  as,  high  aims,  or motives. "The highest
   faculty  of  the  soul."  Baxter.  (b)  Exalted  in social standing or
   general  estimation,  or  in  rank,  reputation, office, and the like;
   dignified; as, she was welcomed in the highest circles.

     He was a wight of high renown. Shak.

   (c)  Of  noble  birth;  illustrious;  as, of high family. (d) Of great
   strength,  force,  importance, and the like; strong; mighty; powerful;
   violent; sometimes, triumphant; victorious; majestic, etc.; as, a high
   wind; high passions. "With rather a high manner." Thackeray.

     Strong is thy hand, and high is thy right hand. Ps. lxxxix. 13.

     Can heavenly minds such high resentment show? Dryden.

   Page 693

   (e) Very abstract; difficult to comprehend or surmount; grand; noble.

     Both meet to hear and answer such high things. Shak.

     Plain living and high thinking are no more. Wordsworth.

   (f)  Costly;  dear  in price; extravagant; as, to hold goods at a high

     If  they must be good at so high a rate, they know they may be safe
     at a cheaper. South.

   (g)  Arrogant;  lofty; boastful; proud; ostentatious; -- used in a bad

     An high look and a proud heart . . . is sin. Prov. xxi. 4.

     His  forces,  after all the high discourses, amounted really but to
     eighteen hundred foot. Clarendon.

   3.  Possessing  a  characteristic  quality  in  a  supreme or superior
   degree; as, high (i. e
   .,  intense) heat; high (i. e., full or quite) noon; high (i. e., rich
   or  spicy)  seasoning;  high  (i. e., complete) pleasure; high (i. e.,
   deep  or  vivid) color; high (i. e., extensive, thorough) scholarship,

     High time it is this war now ended were. Spenser.

     High sauces and spices are fetched from the Indies. Baker.

   4.  (Cookery)  Strong-scented;  slightly  tainted; as, epicures do not
   cook game before it is high.

   5. (Mus.) Acute or sharp; -- opposed to grave or low; as, a high note.

   6.  (Phon.)  Made  with  a high position of some part of the tongue in
   relation to the palate, as &emac; (&emac;ve), &oomac; (f&oomac;d). See
   Guide to Pronunciation,  10, 11.
   High admiral, the chief admiral. -- High altar, the principal altar in
   a  church.  -- High and dry, out of water; out of reach of the current
   or  tide;  -- said of a vessel, aground or beached. -- High and mighty
   arrogant;  overbearing.  [Colloq.]  --  High art, art which deals with
   lofty and dignified subjects and is characterized by an elevated style
   avoiding all meretricious display. -- High bailiff, the chief bailiff.
   --  High  Church,  AND  Low  Church, two ecclesiastical parties in the
   Church   of   England   and   the  Protestant  Episcopal  Church.  The
   high-churchmen emphasize the doctrine of the apostolic succession, and
   hold,  in  general,  to  a  sacramental  presence in the Eucharist, to
   baptismal   regeneration,  and  to  the  sole  validity  of  Episcopal
   ordination.  They  attach much importance to ceremonies and symbols in
   worship.  Low-churchmen  lay less stress on these points, and, in many
   instances,  reject  altogether  the peculiar tenets of the high-church
   school.  See  Broad  Church.  --  High  constable  (Law),  a  chief of
   constabulary.  See  Constable, n., 2. -- High commission court,a court
   of  ecclesiastical  jurisdiction  in England erected and united to the
   regal power by Queen Elizabeth in 1559. On account of the abuse of its
   powers  it  was  abolished  in  1641. -- High day (Script.), a holy or
   feast  day.  John  xix. 31. -- High festival (Eccl.), a festival to be
   observed  with  full  ceremonial.  --  High German, OR High Dutch. See
   under  German.  --  High  jinks, an old Scottish pastime; hence, noisy
   revelry; wild sport. [Colloq.] "All the high jinks of the county, when
   the  lad  comes  of  age."  F. Harrison. -- High latitude (Geog.), one
   designated by the higher figures; consequently, a latitude remote from
   the  equator. -- High life, life among the aristocracy or the rich. --
   High liver, one who indulges in a rich diet. -- High living, a feeding
   upon  rich,  pampering food. -- High Mass. (R. C. Ch.) See under Mass.
   --  High  milling,  a  process  of  making flour from grain by several
   successive  grindings and intermediate sorting, instead of by a single
   grinding.  --  High noon, the time when the sun is in the meridian. --
   High  place  (Script.),  an eminence or mound on which sacrifices were
   offered.  -- High priest. See in the Vocabulary. -- High relief. (Fine
   Arts)  See  Alto-rilievo.  -- High school. See under School. High seas
   (Law),  the  open  sea;  the  part of the ocean not in the territorial
   waters  of  any particular sovereignty, usually distant three miles or
   more  from the coast line. Wharton. -- High steam, steam having a high
   pressure.  --  High  steward, the chief steward. -- High tea, tea with
   meats and extra relishes. -- High tide, the greatest flow of the tide;
   high  water. -- High time. (a) Quite time; full time for the occasion.
   (b)  A  time  of great excitement or enjoyment; a carousal. [Slang] --
   High  treason, treason against the sovereign or the state, the highest
   civil offense. See Treason.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  no w su fficient to  sp eak of high treason as
     treason  simply,  seeing that petty treason, as a distinct offense,
     has been abolished.

   Mozley  &  W.  -- High water, the utmost flow or greatest elevation of
   the  tide;  also,  the time of such elevation. -- High-water mark. (a)
   That line of the seashore to which the waters ordinarily reach at high
   water.  (b)  A  mark  showing  the highest level reached by water in a
   river  or  other  body  of  fresh  water,  as  in  time of freshet. --
   High-water  shrub  (Bot.), a composite shrub (Iva frutescens), growing
   in salt marshes along the Atlantic coast of the United States. -- High
   wine,  distilled  spirits  containing a high percentage of alcohol; --
   usually  in  the  plural.  --  To  be  on a high horse, to be on one's
   dignity;  to  bear  one's self loftily. [Colloq.] -- With a high hand.
   (a)  With  power; in force; triumphantly. "The children of Israel went
   out  with  a  high  hand."  Ex.  xiv.  8.(b) In an overbearing manner,
   arbitrarily.  "They  governed  the  city  with  a  high  hand." Jowett
   (Thucyd.   ).   Syn.   --   Tall;  lofty;  elevated;  noble;  exalted;
   supercilious; proud; violent; full; dear. See Tall.


   High (?), adv. In a high manner; in a high place; to a great altitude;
   to   a  great  degree;  largely;  in  a  superior  manner;  eminently;
   powerfully.  "And  reasoned  high." Milton. "I can not reach so high."

     NOTE: &hand; Hi gh is extensively used in the formation of compound
     words,  most  of  which  are  of  very  obvious  signification; as,
     high-aimed,      high-arched,      high-aspiring,     high-bearing,
     high-boasting,     high-browed,     high-crested,     high-crowned,
     high-designing,    high-engendered,   high-feeding,   high-flaming,
     high-flavored,  high-gazing, high-heaped, high-heeled, high-priced,
     high-reared,      high-resolved,      high-rigged,     high-seated,
     high-shouldered,  high-soaring, high-towering, high-voiced, and the

   High  and low, everywhere; in all supposable places; as, I hunted high
   and low. [Colloq.]
   High, n. 

   1. An elevated place; a superior region; a height; the sky; heaven.

   2. People of rank or high station; as, high and low.

   3. (Card Playing) The highest card dealt or drawn.
   High,  low,  jack,  and  the game, a game at cards; -- also called all
   fours,  old  sledge,  and  seven  up.  --  In  high  and low, utterly;
   completely;  in  every  respect.  [Obs.]  Chaucer.  -- On high, aloft;

     The dayspring from on high hath visited us. Luke i. 78.

   -- The Most High, the Supreme Being; God.


   High (?), v. i. To rise; as, the sun higheth. [Obs.]


   High"bind`er  (?),  n.  A  ruffian;  one  who  hounds,  or spies upon,
   another;  app.  esp. to the members of certain alleged societies among
   the Chinese. [U. S.]


   High"-blown` (?), a. Inflated, as with conceit.


   High"born` (?), a. Of noble birth. Shak.


   High"-bred` (?), a. Bred in high life; of pure blood. Byron.


   High"-built`  (?),  a.  Of lofty structure; tall. "High-built organs."

     The high-built elephant his castle rears. Creech.


   High"-church`  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to, or favoring, the party
   called the High Church, or their doctrines or policy. See High Church,
   under High, a.


   High"-church`ism (?), n. The principles of the high-church party.


   High"-church`man  (?),  n.;  pl.  -men  (.  One  who holds high-church


   High"-church`man-ship,  n.  The state of being a high-churchman. J. H.


   High"-col`ored (?), a.

   1. Having a strong, deep, or glaring color; flushed. Shak.

   2.  Vivid;  strong  or forcible in representation; hence, exaggerated;
   as, high-colored description.


   High"-em*bowed ` (?), a. Having lofty arches. "The high-embowed roof."


   High"er*ing (?), a. Rising higher; ascending.

     In ever highering eagle circles. Tennyson.


   High`fa*lu"ting   (?),  n.  [Perh.  a  corruption  of  highflighting.]
   High-flown, bombastic language. [Written also hifalutin.] [Jocular, U.
   S.] Lowell. <-- also adjective, meaning pretentious -->


   High"-fed` (?), a. Pampered; fed luxuriously.


   High"-fin`ished (?), a. Finished with great care; polished.


   High"fli`er  (?),  n. One who is extravagant in pretensions, opinions,
   or manners. Swift.


   High"-flown` (?), a.

   1. Elevated; proud. "High-flown hopes." Denham.

   2.  Turgid; extravagant; bombastic; inflated; as, high-flown language.
   M. Arnold.


   High"-flushed` (?), a. Elated. Young.


   High"fly`ing (?), a. Extravagant in opinions or ambition. "Highflying,
   arbitrary kings." Dryden.


   High"-go` (?), n. A spree; a revel. [Low]


   High"-hand`ed (?), a. Overbearing; oppressive; arbitrary; violent; as,
   a high-handed act.


   High"-heart`ed  (?),  a. Full of courage or nobleness; high-souled. --
   High"-heart`ed*ness, n.


   High"-hoe` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The European green woodpecker or yaffle.
   [Written also high-hoo.]


   High"-hold`er   (?),   n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  flicker;  --  called  also
   high-hole. [Local, U. S.]


   High"land  (?), n. Elevated or mountainous land; (often in the pl.) an
   elevated  region  or  country; as, the Highlands of Scotland. Highland
   fling,  a  dance  peculiar  to  the  Scottish  Highlanders;  a sort of


   High"land*er  (?),  n.  An  inhabitant of highlands, especially of the
   Highlands of Scotland.


   High"land*ry (?), n. Highlanders, collectively.


   High"-low` (?), n. A laced boot, ankle high.


   High"ly,  adv.  In  a high manner, or to a high degree; very much; as,
   highly esteemed.


   High"men  (?),  n.  pl.  Loaded  dice  so contrived as to turn up high
   numbers. [Obs] Sir J. Harrington.


   High"-met`tled  (?),  a.  Having  abundance of mettle; ardent; full of
   fire; as, a high-mettled steed.


   High"-mind"ed (?), a.

   1. Proud; arrogant. [Obs.]

     Be not high-minded, but fear. Rom. xi. 20.

   2.  Having,  or characterized by, honorable pride; of or pertaining to
   elevated principles and feelings; magnanimous; -- opposed to mean.

     High-minded, manly recognition of those truths. A. Norton.


   High"-mind`ed*ness,  n.  The  quality  of being highminded; nobleness;


   High"most` (?), a. Highest. [Obs.] Shak.


   High"ness, n. [AS. he\'a0hnes.]

   1. The state of being high; elevation; loftiness.

   2. A title of honor given to kings, princes, or other persons of rank;
   as, His Royal Highness. Shak.


   High"-palmed`   (?),   a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having  high  antlers;  bearing
   full-grown antlers aloft.


   High"-pres`sure (?; 135), a.

   1.  Having  or  involving  a  pressure  greatly  exceeding that of the
   atmosphere;  -- said of steam, air, water, etc., and of steam, air, or
   hydraulic engines, water wheels, etc.

   2. Fig.: Urgent; intense; as, a high-pressure business or social life.
   High-pressure  engine,  an  engine  in which steam at high pressure is
   used.  It  may  be  either  a  condensing  or  a noncondensing engine.
   Formerly the term was used only of the latter. See Steam engine.

                                  High priest

   High"  priest`  (?).  (Eccl.)  A  chief  priest; esp., the head of the
   Jewish priesthood.


   High"-priest`hood  (?),  n. The office, dignity, or position of a high


   High"-priest`ship, n. High-priesthood.


   High"-prin`ci*pled (?), a. Possessed of noble or honorable principles.


   High"-proof` (?), a.

   1. Highly rectified; very strongly alcoholic; as, high-proof spirits.

   2. So as to stand any test. "We are high-proof melancholy." Shak.


   High"-raised` (?), a.

   1. Elevated; raised aloft; upreared.

   2. Elated with great ideas or hopes. Milton.


   High"-reach`ing  (?),  a.  Reaching  high or upward; hence, ambitious;
   aspiring. Shak.


   High"-red` (?), a. Of a strong red color.


   High"road` (?), n. A highway; a much travele


   High"-sea`soned  (?),  a.  Enriched  with spice and condiments; hence,
   exciting; piquant.


   High"-sight`ed (?), a. Looking upward; supercilious. Shak.


   High"-souled`  (?),  a.  Having  a high or noble spirit; honorable. E.


   High"-sound`ing    (?),   a.   Pompous;   noisy;   ostentatious;   as,
   high-sounding words or titles.


   High"-spir`it*ed  (?),  a.  Full  of  spirit or natural fire; haughty;
   courageous; impetuous; not brooking restraint or opposition.


   High"-step`per  (?),  n.  A horse that moves with a high step or proud
   gait; hence, a person having a proud bearing. [Colloq.]


   High"-stom`ached (?), a. Having a lofty spirit; haughty. [Obs.] Shak.


   High"-strung` (?), a. Strung to a high pitch; spirited; sensitive; as,
   a high-strung horse.


   High"-swell`ing (?), a. Inflated; boastful.


   Hight (?), n. A variant of Height.


   Hight  (?),  v.  t.  & i. [imp. Hight, Hot (, p. p. Hight, Hote (Hoten
   (Hote.]  [OE. heiten, highten, haten, hoten; also hight, hatte, hette,
   is  called,  was  called,  AS. h&amac;tan to call, name, be called, to
   command,  promise;  also  h&amac;tte is called, was called; akin to G.
   heissen to call, be called, bid, Goth. haitan to call, in the passive,
   to be called.]

   1. To be called or named. [Archaic & Poetic.]

     NOTE: &hand; In  the form hight, it is used in a passive sense as a
     present,  meaning  is  called  or  named,  also as a preterite, was
     called or named. This form has also been used as a past participle.
     See Hote.

     The great poet of Italy, That highte Dante. Chaucer.

     Bright was her hue, and Geraldine she hight. Surrey.

     Entered then into the church the Reverend Teacher. Father he hight,
     and he was, in the parish. Longfellow.

     Childe Harold was he hight. Byron.

   2. To command; to direct; to impel. [Obs.]

     But the sad steel seized not where it was hight Upon the child, but
     somewhat short did fall. Spenser.

   3. To commit; to intrust. [Obs.]

     Yet charge of them was to a porter hight. Spenser.

   4. To promise. [Obs.]

     He had hold his day, as he had hight. Chaucer.


   Hight"en*er (?), n. That which heightens.


   Highth (h&imac;th or h&imac;tth), n. Variant of Height. [Obs.]


   High"-toned` (?), a.

   1. High in tone or sound.

   2. Elevated; high-principled; honorable.

     In whose high-toned impartial mind Degrees of mortal rank and state
     Seem objects of indifferent weight. Sir W. Scott.

   <-- 3. pretentious, pompous. -->


   High"-top` (?), n. A ship's masthead. Shak.


   High"ty-tigh"ty (?), a. Hoity-toity.


   High"way`  (?), n. A road or way open to the use of the public; a main
   road or thoroughfare. Syn. -- Way; road; path; course.


   High"way`man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Highwaymen (. One who robs on the public
   road; a highway robber.


   High"-wrought` (?), a.

   1. Wrought with fine art or skill; elaborate. [Obs.] Pope.

   2. Worked up, or swollen, to a high degree; as, a highwrought passion.
   "A high-wrought flood." Shak.


   Hi"gre (?), n. See Eagre. [Obs.] Drayton.


   Hig"-ta`per  (?),  n.  [Cf.  Hag-taper.]  (Bot.)  A plant of the genus
   Verbascum  (V.  Thapsus);  the  common  mullein.  [Also high-taper and

                                 Hijera, Hijra

   Hij"e*ra (?), Hij"ra (, n. See Hegira.


   Hi"lal (?), a. Of or pertaining to a hilum.


   Hi"lar (?), a. (Bot.) Belonging to the hilum.


   Hi*la"ri*ous (?), a. [L. hilaris, hilarus, Gr. Mirthful; noisy; merry.


   Hi*lar"i*ty  (?;  277),  n.  [L.  hilaritas:  cf.  F. hilarit\'82. See
   Hilarious.] Boisterous mirth; merriment; jollity. Goldsmith.

     NOTE: &hand; Hilarity differs from joy: the latter, excited by good
     news  or  prosperity,  is  an  affection  of  the mind; the former,
     produced by social pleasure, drinking, etc., which rouse the animal
     spirits, is more demonstrative.

   Syn.  --  Glee;  cheerfulness;  mirth;  merriment; gayety; joyousness;
   exhilaration; joviality; jollity.

                                  Hilary term

   Hil"a*ry  term`  (?). Formerly, one of the four terms of the courts of
   common law in England, beginning on the eleventh of January and ending
   on the thirty-first of the same month, in each year; -- so called from
   the festival of St. Hilary, January 13th.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e Hilary term is superseded by the Hilary sittings,
     which  commence on the eleventh of January and end on the Wednesday
     before Easter.

   Mozley & W.


   Hil"ding  (?),  n. [Prob. a corruption of hindling, dim. of hind, adj.
   Cf.  Prov.  E. hilderling, hinderling. See Hinderling.] A base, menial
   wretch. -- a. Base; spiritless. [Obs.] Shak.


   Hile (?), v. t. To hide. See Hele. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hile (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Hilum.


   Hill  (?),  n.  [OE.  hil,  hul,  AS. hyll; akin to OD. hille, hil, L.
   collis, and prob. to E. haulm, holm, and column. Cf. 2d Holm.]

   1.  A  natural  elevation of land, or a mass of earth rising above the
   common  level  of  the  surrounding  land;  an  eminence  less  than a

     Every mountain and hill shall be made low. Is. xl. 4.

   2.  The  earth raised about the roots of a plant or cluster of plants.
   [U. S.] See Hill, v. t.

   3.  A  single  cluster  or group of plants growing close together, and
   having the earth heaped up about them; as, a hill of corn or potatoes.
   [U. S.]
   Hill  ant  (Zo\'94l.),  a  common  ant  (Formica  rufa), of Europe and
   America,  which makes mounds or ant-hills over its nests. -- Hill myna
   (Zo\'94l.),  one  of  several  species of birds of India, of the genus
   Gracula,  and allied to the starlings. They are easily taught to speak
   many  words.  [Written  also  hill mynah.] See Myna. -- Hill partridge
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  partridge  of  the genus Aborophila, of which numerous
   species  in  habit  Southern  Asia  and  the  East Indies. -- Hill tit
   (Zo\'94l.),  one of numerous species of small Asiatic singing birds of
   the family Leiotrichid\'91. Many are beautifully colored.

   Page 694


   Hill (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hilled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hilling.] To
   surround with earth; to heap or draw earth around or upon; as, to hill

     Showing them how to plant and hill it. Palfrey.


   Hill"i*ness (?), n. The state of being hilly.


   Hill"ing,  n.  The  act  or process of heaping or drawing earth around


   Hill"ock (?), n. A small hill. Shak.


   Hill"side` (?), n. The side or declivity of a hill.


   Hill"top` (?), n. The top of a hill.


   Hill"y (?), a.

   1.  Abounding  with  hills;  uneven  in  surface; as, a hilly country.
   "Hilly steep." Dryden.

   2. Lofty; as, hilly empire. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Hilt  (?),  n.  [AS.  hilt, hilte; akin to OHG. helza, Prov. G. hilze,
   Icel. hjalt.]

   1. A handle; especially, the handle of a sword, dagger, or the like.


   Hilt"ed,  a. Having a hilt; -- used in composition; as, basket-hilted,


   Hi"lum (?), n. [L., a little thing, trifle.]

   1.  (Bot.)  The  eye  of a bean or other seed; the mark or scar at the
   point  of  attachment  of  an ovule or seed to its base or support; --
   called also hile.

   2.  (Anat.)  The  part  of  a gland, or similar organ, where the blood
   vessels and nerves enter; the hilus; as, the hilum of the kidney.


   Hi"lus (?), n. [NL.] (Anat.) Same as Hilum, 2.


   Him (?), pron. Them. See Hem. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Him,  pron.  [AS.  him,  dat.  of  h&emac;.  &root;183.  See  He.] The
   objective case of he. See He.

     Him that is weak in the faith receive. Rom. xiv. 1.

     Friends who have given him the most sympathy. Thackeray.

     NOTE: &hand; In  ol d En glish hi s an d hi m were respectively the
     genitive  and  dative forms of it as well as of he. This use is now
     obsolete.  Poetically,  him  is  sometimes  used with the reflexive
     sense of himself.

     I  never  saw  but  Humphrey,  duke of Gloster, Did bear him like a
     noble gentleman. Shak.


   Hi*ma"la*yan  (?), a. [Skr. him\'belaya, prop., the abode of snow.] Of
   or pertaining to the Himalayas, the great mountain chain in Hindostan.


   Himp"ne (?), n. A hymn. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Him*self" (?), pron.

   1.  An  emphasized form of the third person masculine pronoun; -- used
   as a subject usually with he; as, he himself will bear the blame; used
   alone  in  the  predicate, either in the nominative or objective case;
   as, it is himself who saved himself.

     But he himself returned from the quarries. Judges iii. 19.

     David hid himself in the field. 1 Sam. xx. 24.

     The Lord himself shall give you a sign. Is. vii. 14.

     Who  gave himself for us, that he might . . . purify unto himself a
     peculiar people. Titus ii. 14.

     With  shame  remembers,  while  himself  was  one Of the same herd,
     himself the same had done. Denham.

     NOTE: &hand; Hi mself was formerly used instead of itself. See Note
     under Him.

     It comprehendeth in himself all good. Chaucer.

   2. One's true or real character; one's natural temper and disposition;
   the state of being in one's right or sane mind (after unconsciousness,
   passion, delirium, or abasement); as, the man has come to himself.
   By  himself,  alone; unaccompanied; apart; sequestered; as, he sits or
   studies  by himself. -- To leave one to himself, to withdraw from him;
   to let him take his own course.

                               Himself, Himselve

   ,  Himselven  Him*self"  (?),  Him*selve"  (,  Him*selv"en  (pron. pl.
   Themselves. See Hemself. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Him*selve" (?), pron. See 1st Himself. [Obs.]

                             Himyaric, Himyaritic

   Him*yar"ic (?), Him`ya*rit"ic (?), a. Pertaining to Himyar, an ancient
   king  of  Yemen,  in  Arabia,  or to his successors or people; as, the
   Himjaritic characters, language, etc.; applied esp. to certain ancient
   inscriptions  showing  the  primitive  type  of the oldest form of the
   Arabic, still spoken in Southern Arabia. Brande & C.


   Hin  (?),  n.  [Heb.  h\'c6n.] A Hebrew measure of liquids, containing
   three quarts, one pint, one gill, English measure. W. H. Ward.


   Hind  (?),  n.  [AS.  hind;  akin  to  D. hinde, OHG. hinta, G. hinde,
   hindin,  Icel.,  Sw.,  & Dan. hind, and perh. to Goth. hinpan to seize
   (in comp.), E. hunt, or cf. Gr.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  female  of the red deer, of which the male is the

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A spotted food fish of the genus Epinephelus, as E. apua
   of  Bermuda,  and  E.  Drummond-hayi of Florida; -- called also coney,
   John Paw, spotted hind.


   Hind,  n.  [OE. hine, AS. h\'c6ne, h\'c6na, orig. gen. pl. of h\'c6wan
   domestics;  akin  to  Icel.  hj&umac; man and wife, domestics, family,
   Goth.  heiwafrauja  master  of  the house, G. heirath marriage; cf. L.
   civis citizen, E. city or E. home. Cf. Hide a measure of land.]

   1. A domestic; a servant. [Obs.] Shak.

   2. A peasant; a rustic; a farm servant. [Eng.]

     The  hind,  that  homeward  driving  the slow steer Tells how man's
     daily work goes forward here. Trench.


   Hind,  a. [Compar. Hinder (?); superl. Hindmost (?), or Hindermost (.]
   [OE. hind, adv., back, AS. hindan behind. See Hinder, a.] In the rear;
   -- opposed to front; of or pertaining to the part or end which follows
   or  is behind, in opposition to the part which leads or is before; as,
   the  hind  legs  or  hind  feet  of  a  quadruped;  the  hind man in a


   Hind"ber*ry  (?),  n.  [AS.  hindberie;  akin  to  OHG.  hintberi,  G.
   himbeere.  So  called because hinds or stags are fond of them. See 1st
   Hind, and Berry.] The raspberry. [Prov. Eng.]


   Hind"brain` (?), n. [Hind, adj. + brain.] (Anat.) The posterior of the
   three principal divisions of the brain, including the epencephalon and
   metencephalon. Sometimes restricted to the epencephalon only.


   Hind"er  (?),  a. [OE. hindere, AS. hinder, adv., behind; akin to OHG.
   hintar,  prep.,  behind, G. hinter, Goth. hindar; orig. a comparative,
   and  akin  to  AS.  hine  hence.  See  Hence,  He,  and  cf. Hind, a.,
   Hindmost.]  Of  or belonging to that part or end which is in the rear,
   or  which follows; as, the hinder part of a wagon; the hinder parts of
   a horse.

     He was in the hinder part of the ship. Mark iv. 38.


   Hin"der  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Hindered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hindering.]  [OE.  hindren, hinderen, AS. hindrian, fr. hinder behind;
   akin to D. hinderen, G. hindern, OHG. hintar, Icel. & Sw. hindra, Dan.
   hindre. See Hinder, a.]

   1. To keep back or behind; to prevent from starting or moving forward;
   to  check;  to  retard; to obstruct; to bring to a full stop; -- often
   followed  by from; as, an accident hindered the coach; drought hinders
   the growth of plants; to hinder me from going.

     Them that were entering in ye hindered. Luke xi. 52.

     I hinder you too long. Shak.

   2. To prevent or embarrass; to debar; to shut out.

     What  hinders  younger  brothers,  being  fathers of families, from
     having the same right? Locke.

   Syn.  --  To check; retard; impede; delay; block; clog; prevent; stop;
   interrupt; counteract; thwart; oppose; obstruct; debar; embarrass.


   Hin"der,  v.  i.  To  interpose  obstacles  or  impediments;  to  be a

     This  objection  hinders  not  but  that  the heroic action of some
     commander . . . may be written. Dryden.


   Hin"der*ance (?). n. Same as Hindrance.


   Hin"der*er (?), n. One who, or that which, hinders.


   Hind"er*est (?), a. Hindermost; -- superl. of Hind, a. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hind"er*ling  (?),  n.  [AS.  hinderling  one  who  comes  behind  his
   ancestors,  fr. AS. hinder behind. See Hinder, a., and cf. Hilding.] A
   worthless, base, degenerate person or animal. [Obs.] Callander.

                             Hindermost, Hindmost

   Hind"er*most`,  Hind"most` (?), a. [The superlative of hind. See Hind,
   a.]  [Cf.  AS.  hindema (akin to Goth. hindumists), a superlative from
   the  same  source  as  the comparative hinder. See Hinder, a., and cf.
   Aftermost.]  Furthest  in or toward the rear; last. "Rachel and Joseph
   hindermost." Gen. xxxiii. 2.


   Hind"gut`  (?), n. [Hind, a. + gut.] (Anat.) The posterior part of the
   alimentary  canal,  including  the  rectum,  and  sometimes  the large
   intestine also.


   Hin"di  (?),  n. [Prop. a Per. adj. meaning, Indian, Hindoo.] The name
   given  by  Europeans  to that form of the Hindustani language which is
   chiefly spoken by native Hindoos. In employs the Devanagari character,
   in which Sanskrit is written. Whitworth.

                                Hindleys screw

   Hind"ley"s  screw` (?). (Mech.) A screw cut on a solid whose sides are
   arcs  of the periphery of a wheel into the teeth of which the screw is
   intended to work. It is named from the person who first used the form.

                                 Hindoo, Hindu

   Hin"doo,  Hin"du  (?;  277),  n.;  pl.  Hindoos  (#)  OR Hindus. [Per.
   Hind\'d4,  fr.  Hind,  Hind\'d4st\'ben,  India.  Cf. Indian.] A native
   inhabitant  of  Hindostan.  As  an ethnical term it is confined to the
   Dravidian  and  Aryan  races;  as a religious name it is restricted to
   followers of the Veda.

                              Hindooism, Hinduism

   Hin"doo*ism,  Hin"du*ism  (?), n. The religious doctrines and rites of
   the Hindoos; Brahmanism.

                           Hindoostanee, Hindustani

   Hin"doo*sta"nee,  Hin"du*sta"ni  (?), a. [Hind. Hind\'d4st\'ben\'c6 an
   Indian, fr. Hind. and Per. Hind\'d4st\'ben India.] Of or pertaining to
   the  Hindoos  or  their language. -- n. The language of Hindostan; the
   name  given  by  Europeans  to the most generally spoken of the modern
   Aryan languages of India. It is Hindi with the addition of Persian and
   Arabic words.


   Hin"drance (?), n. [See Hinder, v. t.]

   1. The act of hindering, or the state of being hindered.

   2. That which hinders; an impediment.

     What various hindrances we meet. Cowper.

     Something between a hindrance and a help. Wordsworth.

   Syn.  --  Impediment; obstruction; obstacle; difficulty; interruption;
   check; delay; restraint.


   Hin"du (?), n. Same as Hindoo.


   Hine  (?),  n.  [See  Hind  a  servant.]  A servant; a farm laborer; a
   peasant; a hind. [Obs.]

     Bailiff, herd, nor other hine. Chaucer.


     Hinge  (?), n. [OE. henge, heeng; akin to D. heng, LG. henge, Prov.
     E.  hingle a small hinge; connected with hang, v., and Icel. hengja
     to hang. See Hang.]

     1. The hook with its eye, or the joint, on which a door, gate, lid,
     etc.,  turns  or  swings;  a flexible piece, as a strip of leather,
     which serves as a joint to turn on.

     The gate self-opened wide, On golden hinges turning. Milton.

     2.  That on which anything turns or depends; a governing principle;
     a  cardinal point or rule; as, this argument was the hinge on which
     the question turned.

     3.  One  of  the four cardinal points, east, west, north, or south.

     When the moon is in the hinge at East. Creech.

     Nor slept the winds . . . but rushed abroad. Milton.

   Hinge  joint.  (a)  (Anat.)  See  Ginglymus.  (b)  (Mech.)  Any  joint
   resembling  a hinge, by which two pieces are connected so as to permit
   relative  turning  in  one  plane. -- To be off the hinges, to be in a
   state  of  disorder  or  irregularity; to have lost proper adjustment.


   Hinge, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hinged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hinging (?).]

   1. To attach by, or furnish with, hinges.

   2. To bend. [Obs.] Shak.


   Hinge  (?),  v.  i. To stand, depend, hang, or turn, as on a hinge; to
   depend  chiefly for a result or decision or for force and validity; --
   usually  with  on  or  upon; as, the argument hinges on this point. I.


   Hinged (?), a. Furnished with hinges.


   Hinge"less (?), a. Without a hinge or joint.


   Hink (?), n. A reaping hook. Knight.

                                Hinniate, Hinny

   Hin"ni*ate  (?),  Hin"ny  (?) v. i. [L. hinnire.] To neigh; to whinny.


   Hin"ny,  n.;  pl.  Hinnies (#). [L. hinnus, cf. Gr. A hybrid between a
   stallion and an ass.


   Hin"ny,  n.  A  term  of endearment; darling; -- corrupted from honey.
   [Prov. Eng.] Wright.


   Hint  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hinted; p. pr. & vb. n. Hinting.] [OE.
   henten, hinten, to seize, to catch, AS. hentan to pursue, take, seize;
   or  Icel.  ymta  to  mutter,  ymtr  a muttering, Dan. ymte to whisper.
   &root;36.  Cf.  Hent.]  To bring to mind by a slight mention or remote
   allusion; to suggest in an indirect manner; as, to hint a suspicion.

     Just hint a fault and hesitate dislike. Pope.

   Syn. -- To suggest; intimate; insinuate; imply.


   Hint, v. i. To make an indirect reference, suggestion, or allusion; to
   allude vaguely to something.

     We whisper, and hint, and chuckle. Tennyson.

   To  hint  at, to allude to lightly, indirectly, or cautiously. Syn. --
   To allude; refer; glance; touch.


   Hint, n. A remote allusion; slight mention; intimation; insinuation; a
   suggestion  or  reminder,  without  a full declaration or explanation;
   also, an occasion or motive.

     Our hint of woe Is common. Shak.

     The hint malevolent, the look oblique. Hannah M

   Syn. -- Suggestion; allusion. See Suggestion.


   Hint"ing*ly (?), adv. In a hinting manner.


   Hip  (?), n. [OE. hipe, huppe, AS. hype; akin to D. heup, OHG. huf, G.
   h\'81fte,  Dan.  hofte,  Sw. h\'94ft, Goth. hups; cf. Icel. huppr, and
   also Gr. kumpis ham.]

   1.  The  projecting  region  of  the  lateral parts of one side of the
   pelvis and the hip joint; the haunch; the huckle.

   2.  (Arch.)  The  external  angle formed by the meeting of two sloping
   sides  or  skirts  of  a roof, which have their wall plates running in
   different directions.

   3.  (Engin)  In  a  bridge truss, the place where an inclined end post
   meets the top chord. Waddell.
   Hip  bone (Anat.), the innominate bone; -- called also haunch bone and
   huckle  bone.  --  Hip girdle (Anat.), the pelvic girdle. -- Hip joint
   (Anat.),  the articulation between the thigh bone and hip bone. -- Hip
   knob (Arch.), a finial, ball, or other ornament at the intersection of
   the  hip  rafters  and the ridge. -- Hip molding (Arch.), a molding on
   the  hip  of  a  roof,  covering the hip joint of the slating or other
   roofing.  --  Hip  rafter  (Arch.), the rafter extending from the wall
   plate  to  the  ridge  in the angle of a hip roof. -- Hip roof, Hipped
   roof  (Arch.),  a roof having sloping ends and sloping sides. See Hip,
   n.,  2.,  and Hip, v. t., 3. -- Hip tile, a tile made to cover the hip
   of a roof. -- To catch upon the hip, OR To have on the hip, to have or
   get  the  advantage  of;  --  a figure probably derived from wresting.
   Shak.  --  To  smite hip and thigh, to overthrow completely; to defeat
   utterly. Judg. xv. 8.


   Hip, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hipped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hipping.]

   1.  To  dislocate  or sprain the hip of, to fracture or injure the hip
   bone  of  (a  quadruped)  in  such  a manner as to produce a permanent
   depression of that side.

   2. To throw (one's adversary) over one's hip in wrestling (technically
   called cross buttock).

   3. To make with a hip or hips, as a roof.
   Hipped roof. See Hip roof, under Hip.


   Hip  (?),  n. [OE. hepe, AS. he\'a2pe; cf. OHG. hiufo a bramble bush.]
   (Bot.)  The  fruit  of  a rosebush, especially of the English dog-rose
   (Rosa canina). [Written also hop, hep.] Hip tree (Bot.), the dog-rose.


   Hip,  interj.  Used  to excite attention or as a signal; as, hip, hip,

                                 Hip, or Hipps

   Hip, or Hipps (, n. See Hyp, n. [Colloq.]


   Hip"halt` (?), a. Lame in the hip. [R.] Gower.

                                 Hippa, Hippe

   Hip"pa  (?),  Hip"pe  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus of marine decapod
   crustaceans,  which  burrow  rapidly in the sand by pushing themselves
   backward; -- called also bait bug. See Illust. under Anomura.


   Hip*pa"ri*on  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Paleon.) An extinct genus of
   Tertiary  mammals  allied to the horse, but three-toed, having on each
   foot  a small lateral hoof on each side of the main central one. It is
   believed to be one of the ancestral genera of the Horse family.

                                Hipped, Hippish

   Hipped  (?),  Hip"pish (?), a. [From 5th Hip.] Somewhat hypochondriac;
   melancholy. See Hyppish. [Colloq.]

     When we are hipped or in high spirits. R. L. Stevenson.


   Hip`po*bos"ca  (?),  n.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of dipterous
   insects  including  the horsefly or horse tick. -- Hip`po*bos"can (#),


   Hip"po*camp (?), n. See Hippocampus.


   Hip`po*cam"pal (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the hippocampus.


   Hip`po*cam"pus (?), n. [L., the sea horse, Gr. "i`ppos horse +

   1.  (Class. Myth.) A fabulous monster, with the head and fore quarters
   of  a horse joined to the tail of a dolphin or other fish (Hippocampus
   brevirostris),  -- seen in Pompeian paintings, attached to the chariot
   of Neptune. Fairholt.

   Page 695

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus  of  lophobranch fishes of several species in
   which  the head and neck have some resemblance to those of a horse; --
   called also sea horse.

     NOTE: &hand; Th ey sw im sl owly, in  an  erect position, and often
     cling  to  seaweeds  by  means of the incurved prehensile tail. The
     male  has  a  ventral  pouch,  in  which  it  carries the eggs till

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  A name applied to either of two ridges of white matter
   in  each  lateral  ventricle  of  the  brain.  The  larger  is  called
   hippocampus  major  or  simply  hippocampus.  The smaller, hippocampus
   minor, is called also ergot and calcar.


   Hip`po*cen"taur  (?),  n.  [L.  hippocentaurus,  Gr.  (Myth.)  Same as


   Hip"po*cras  (?), n. [F. hippocras, hypocras, NL. vinum hippocraticum,
   lit., wine of Hippocrates.] A cordial made of spiced wine, etc.


   Hip*poc"ra*tes  (?),  n.  A famous Greek physician and medical writer,
   born  in Cos, about 460 B. C. Hippocrates' sleeve, a conical strainer,
   made  by  stitching  together  two adjacent sides of a square piece of
   cloth, esp. flannel of linen.


   Hip"po*crat"ic  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to Hippocrates, or to his
   teachings.  Hippocratic  face  [L.  facies  Hippocratica],  the change
   produced  in  the  countenance  by  death, or long sickness, excessive
   evacuations,  excessive hunger, and the like. The nose is pinched, the
   eyes  are  sunk,  the temples hollow, the ears cold and retracted, the
   skin  of  the  forehead  tense and dry, the complexion livid, the lips
   pendent,  relaxed, and cold; -- so called, as having been described by
   Hippocrates. Dunglison. -- Hippocratic oath, an oath said to have been
   dictated  by  Hippocrates  to  his  disciples.  Such  an oath is still
   administered to candidates for graduation in medicine.


   Hip*poc"ra*tism   (?),   n.   The  medical  philosophy  or  system  of


   Hip"po*crene  (?),  n.  [L.,  fr.  Gr.  A fountain on Mount Helicon in
   B\'d2otia,  fabled  to  have burst forth when the ground was struck by
   the  hoof  of Pegasus. Also, its waters, which were supposed to impart
   poetic inspiration. Keats.

     Nor maddening draughts of Hippocrene. Longfellow.


   Hip"po*crep"i*an  (?),  n.  [See Hippocrepiform.] (Zo\'94l.) One of an
   order  of  fresh-water  Bryozoa,  in  which  the  tentacles  are  on a
   lophophore, shaped like a horseshoe. See Phylactol\'91ma.


   Hip`po*crep`i*form   (?),   a.  [Gr.  -form.]  (Bot.)  Shaped  like  a


   Hip"po*dame  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  hippopotame.] A fabulous sea monster.
   [Obs.] Spenser.


   Hip"po*drome (?), n. [L. hippodromos, Gr. hippodrome.]

   1. (Gr. Antiq.) A place set apart for equestrian and chariot races.

   2. An arena for equestrian performances; a circus.


   Hip"po*griff   (?),   n.  [F.  hippogriffe;  cf.  It.  ippogrifo.  See
   Hippopotamus,  Griffon.]  (Myth.) A fabulous winged animal, half horse
   and half griffin. Milton.


   Hip"po*lith (?), n. [Gr. -lith.] A concretion, or kind of bezoar, from
   the intestines of the horse.


   Hip`po*pa*thol`o*gy  (?),  n. [Gr. pathology: cf. F. hippopathologie.]
   The science of veterinary medicine; the pathology of the horse.


   Hip*poph"a*gi   (?),   n.   pl.  [NL.  See  Hippophagous.]  Eaters  of


   Hip*poph"a*gism (?), n.Hippophagy. Lowell.


   Hip*poph"a*gist (?), n. One who eats horseflesh.


   Hip*poph"a*gous  (?),  a.  [Gr. hippophage.] Feeding on horseflesh; --
   said of certain nomadic tribes, as the Tartars.


   Hip*poph"a*gy  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. hippophagie.] The act or practice of
   feeding on horseflesh.


   Hip"po*phile (?), n. [Gr. One who loves horses. Holmes.


   Hip`po*pot"a*mus  (?),  n.;  pl. E. Hippopotamuses (#), L. Hippopotami
   (#). [L., from Gr.Equine.] (Zo\'94l.) A large, amphibious, herbivorous
   mammal (Hippopotamus amphibius), common in the rivers of Africa. It is
   allied  to  the  hogs,  and  has a very thick, naked skin, a thick and
   square head, a very large muzzle, small eyes and ears, thick and heavy
   body,  and short legs. It is supposed to be the behemoth of the Bible.
   Called   also   zeekoe,   and  river  horse.  A  smaller  species  (H.
   Liberiencis) inhabits Western Africa.<-- pigmy hippopotamus? -->


   Hip*pot"o*my (?), n. [Gr. hippotomie.] Anatomy of the horse.


   Hip*pu"ric  (?),  a.  [Gr. hippurique.] (Physiol. Chem.) Obtained from
   the  urine  of  horses;  as,  hippuric  acid.  Hippuric  acid, a white
   crystalline  substance,  containing  nitrogen, present in the urine of
   herbivorous  animals,  and  in  small  quantity in human urine. By the
   action of acids, it is decomposed into benzoic acid and glycocoll.


   Hip"pu*rite  (?),  n.  [Gr.  hippurite.]  (Paleon.)  A  fossil bivalve
   mollusk  of  the  genus Hippurites, of many species, having a conical,
   cup-shaped under valve, with a flattish upper valve or lid. Hippurites
   are found only in the Cretaceous rocks.


   Hip"-roofed` (?), a. Having a hip roof.


   Hip"shot`  (?),  a.  [Hip  +  shot.] Having the hip dislocated; hence,
   having one hip lower than the other. L'Estrange.

                                   Hip tree

   Hip" tree` (?). (Bot.) The dog-rose.


   Hir (?), pron. [Obs.] See Here, pron. Chaucer.


   Hir"cic  (?), a. [Cf. F. hircique. See Hircin.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining
   to,  or  derived  from, mutton suet; -- applied by Chevreul to an oily
   acid  which  was obtained from mutton suet, and to which he attributed
   the peculiar taste and smell of that substance. The substance has also
   been called hircin. Watts.


   Hir"cin  (?),  n.  [L. hircus, he-goat, buck: cf. F. hircine.] (Chem.)
   Hircic acid. See Hircic. [R.]

                              Hircine, Hircinous

   Hir"cine (?), Hir"ci*nous (?), a. [L. hircinus, fr. hircus hegoat: cf.
   F. hircin.]

   1. Goatlike; of or pertaining to a goat or the goats.

   2. Of a strong goatish smell.


   Hire (?), pron. [Obs.] See Here, pron. Chaucer.


   Hire  (?),  n.  [OE. hire, hure, AS. h; akin to D.huur, G. heuer, Dan.
   hyre, Sw. hyra.]

   1.  The price; reward, or compensation paid, or contracted to be paid,
   for  the temporary use of a thing or a place, for personal service, or
   for labor; wages; rent; pay.

     The laborer is worthy of his hire. Luke x. 7.

   2.  (Law.) A bailment by which the use of a thing, or the services and
   labor  of  a  person, are contracted for at a certain price or reward.
   Story. Syn. -- Wages; salary; stipend; allowance; pay.


   Hire,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Hired (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hiring.] [OE.
   hiren, huren, AS. h; akin to D. huren, G. heuern, Dan. hyre, Sw. hyra.
   See Hire, n.]

   1.  To  procure  (any  chattel  or  estate)  from  another person, for
   temporary  use,  for a compensation or equivalent; to purchase the use
   or  enjoyment of for a limited time; as, to hire a farm for a year; to
   hire money.

   2.  To engage or purchase the service, labor, or interest of (any one)
   for a specific purpose, by payment of wages; as, to hire a servant, an
   agent, or an advocate.

   3.  To grant the temporary use of, for compensation; to engage to give
   the  service  of,  for  a price; to let; to lease; -- now usually with
   out,  and  often  reflexively;  as, he has hired out his horse, or his

     They . . . have hired out themselves for bread. 1 Sam. ii. 5.


   Hire"less, a. Without hire. Davenant.


   Hire"ling  (?), n. [AS. h. See Hire, n., and -ling.] One who is hired,
   or  who  serves  for  wages;  esp.,  one  whose motive and interest in
   serving  another  are  wholly  gainful; a mercenary. "Lewd hirelings."


   Hire"ling,  a.  Serving for hire or wages; venal; mercenary. "Hireling
   mourners." Dryden.


   Hir"er (?), n. One who hires.

                                  Hires, Hirs

   Hires (?), Hirs, pron. Hers; theirs. See Here, pron. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hir*sute"  (?),  a.  [L.  hirsutus; prob. akin to horridus horrid. Cf.

   1. Rough with hair; set with bristles; shaggy.

   2. Rough and coarse; boorish. [R.]

     Cynical and hirsute in his behavior. Life of A. Wood.

   3. (Bot.) Pubescent with coarse or stiff hairs. Gray.

   4.  (Zo\'94l.)  Covered with hairlike feathers, as the feet of certain


   Hir*sute"ness, n. Hairiness. Burton.


   Hir*tel"lous  (?),  a.  [Dim., fr. L. hirtus hairy.] (Bot. & Zo\'94l.)
   Pubescent with minute and somewhat rigid hairs.


   Hi*ru"dine (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the leeches.


   Hir`u*din"e*a  (?),  n.  pl. [NL., fr. L. hirudo, hirudinis, a leech.]
   (Zo\'94l.) An order of Annelida, including the leeches; -- called also


   Hi*ru"do  (?),  n.  [L.,  a  leech.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus of leeches,
   including the common medicinal leech. See Leech.


   Hi*run"dine (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Like or pertaining to the swallows.


   Hi*run"do (?), n. [L., swallow.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of birds including
   the swallows and martins.


   His  (?),  pron.  [AS. his of him, his, gen. masc. & neut. of h, neut.
   hit. See He.]

   1.  Belonging  or pertaining to him; -- used as a pronominal adjective
   or  adjective  pronoun;  as,  tell John his papers are ready; formerly
   used also for its, but this use is now obsolete.

     No comfortable star did lend his light. Shak.

     Who  can  impress  the  forest,  bid the tree Unfix his earth-bound
     root? Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Also formerly used in connection with a noun simply as
     a  sign  of  the  possessive.  "The  king his son." Shak. "By young
     Telemachus  his  blooming  years."  Pope.  This  his  is probably a
     corruption  of  the  old possessive ending -is or -es, which, being
     written  as  a  separate  word,  was  at length confounded with the
     pronoun his.

   2.  The possessive of he; as, the book is his. "The sea is his, and he
   made it." Ps. xcv. 5.


   His"ing*er*ite   (?),   n.   [Named   after  W.  Hisinger,  a  Swedish
   mineralogist.] (Min.) A soft black, iron ore, nearly earthy, a hydrous
   silicate of iron.


   His*pan"ic  (?),  a. [L. Hispanicus.] Of or pertaining to Spain or its
   language; as, Hispanic words.


   His*pan"i*cism, n. A Spanish idiom or mode of speech. Keightley.


   His*pan"i*cize  (?), v. t. To give a Spanish form or character to; as,
   to Hispanicize Latin words.


   His"pid (?), a. [L. hispidus: cf. F. hispide.]

   1. Rough with bristles or minute spines.

   2. (Bot. & Zo\'94l.) Beset with stiff hairs or bristles.


   His*pid"u*lous  (?),  a.  [Dim. of hispid.] (Bot. & Zo\'94l.) Minutely


   Hiss  (?).  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Hissed (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Hissing.]
   [AS. hysian; prob. of imitative originhissen, OD. hisschen.]

   1. To make with the mouth a prolonged sound like that of the letter s,
   by  driving  the breath between the tongue and the teeth; to make with
   the  mouth  a sound like that made by a goose or a snake when angered;
   esp.,  to  make  such  a sound as an expression of hatred, passion, or

     The merchants among the people shall hiss at thee. Ezek. xxvii. 36.

   2.  To  make  a  similar  noise  by any means; to pass with a sibilant
   sound; as, the arrow hissed as it flew.

     Shod with steel, We hissed along the polished ice. Wordsworth.


   Hiss, v. t.

   1. To condemn or express contempt for by hissing.

     If  the  tag-rag people did not clap him and hiss him, according as
     he pleased and displeased them. Shak.

     Malcolm.  What is the newest grief? Ros. That of an hour's age doth
     hiss the speaker. Shak.

   2. To utter with a hissing sound.

     The long-necked geese of the world that are ever hissing dispraise.


   Hiss, n.

   1.  A  prolonged  sound  like  that  letter s, made by forcing out the
   breath between the tongue and teeth, esp. as a token of disapprobation
   or contempt.

     "Hiss" implies audible friction of breath consonants. H. Sweet. 

     A dismal, universal hiss, the sound Of public scorn. Milton.

   2.  Any  sound resembling that above described; as: (a) The noise made
   by a serpent.

     But hiss for hiss returned with forked tongue. Milton.

   (b)  The  note  of a goose when irritated. (c) The noise made by steam
   escaping through a narrow orifice, or by water falling on a hot stove.
   <--  or  the  high-frequency noise from an electronic audio instrument


   Hiss"ing, n.

   1. The act of emitting a hiss or hisses.

   2.  The  occasion  of  contempt;  the  object  of  scorn and derision.

     I will make this city desolate, and a hissing. Jer. xix. 8.


   Hiss"ing*ly, adv. With a hissing sound.


   Hist  (?),  interj. [Cf. Dan. hys. Hush, Whist.] Hush; be silent; -- a
   signal for silence. Milton.


   His`ti*ol"o*gy   (?),  n.  [Gr.  "isto`s  tissue  +  -logy.]  Same  as


   His`to*gen"e*sis  (?),  n.  [Gr. "isto`s tissue + E. genesis.] (Biol.)
   (a)  The  formation  and development of organic tissues; histogeny; --
   the  opposite  of  histolysis.  (b)  Germ history of cells, and of the
   tissues composed of cells. Haeckel.


   His`to*ge*net"ic  (?),  a.  [See Histogeny.] (Biol.) Tissue-producing;
   connected with the formation and development of the organic tissues.


   His*tog"e*ny  (?),  n.  [Gr.  "isto`s tissue + root of (Biol.) Same as
   Histogenesis. Dunglison.


   His*tog"ra*pher   (?),  n.  One  who  describes  organic  tissues;  an


   His"to*graph"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to histography.


   His*tog"ra*phy  (?),  n. [Gr. "isto`s tissue + -graphy.] A description
   of, or treatise on, organic tissues.


   His`to*h\'91m"a*tin  (?),  n.  [Gr.  "isto`s  tissue + E. h\'91matin.]
   (Physiol.)  One of a class of respiratory pigments, widely distributed
   in the animal kingdom, capable of ready oxidation and reduction.


   His"toid  (?),  a.  [Gr. "isto`s tissue + -oid.] Resembling the normal
   tissues; as, histoid tumors.

                           Histologic, Histological

   His`to*log"ic   (?),   His`to*log"ic*al   a.   (Biol.)  Pertaining  to
   histology,  or  to  the microscopic structure of the tissues of living
   organisms. -- His`to*log"ic*al*ly, adv.


   His*tol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in histology.


   His*tol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  "isto`s  tissue + -logy.] That branch of
   biological science, which treats of the minute (microscopic) structure
   of animal and vegetable tissues; -- called also histiology.


   His*tol"y*sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. "isto`s tissue + (Biol.) The decay
   and dissolution of the organic tissues and of the blood.


   His`to*lyt"ic  (?),  a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to histolysis, or the
   degeneration of tissues.


   His*ton"o*my (?), n. [Gr. "isto`s tissue + The science which treats of
   the  laws  relating  to organic tissues, their formation, development,
   functions, etc.


   His*toph"y*ly  (?),  n.  [Gr.  "isto`s tissue + Gr. (Biol.) The tribal
   history of cells, a division of morphophyly. Haeckel.


   His*to"ri*al  (?),  a. [L. historialis: cf. F. historial.] Historical.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.


   His*to"ri*an (?), n. [F. historien.]

   1. A writer of history; a chronicler; an annalist.

     Even  the  historian  takes  great  liberties  with  facts.  Sir J.

   2. One versed or well informed in history.

     Great captains should be good historians. South.

   Page 696

                             Historic, Historical

   His*tor"ic  (?), His*tor"ic*al (?), a. [L. historicus, Gr. historique.
   See  History.]  Of  or  pertaining  to  history, or the record of past
   events;    as,   an   historical   poem;   the   historic   page.   --
   His*tor"ic*al*ness, n. -- His*to*ric"i*ty (#), n.

     There warriors frowning in historic brass. Pope.

   Historical  painting,  that  branch  of  painting which represents the
   events  of  history.  --  Historical  sense, that meaning of a passage
   which  is  deduced  from the circumstances of time, place, etc., under
   which  it was written. -- The historic sense, the capacity to conceive
   and represent the unity and significance of a past era or age.


   His*tor"ic*al*ly  (?),  adv.  In the manner of, or in accordance with,


   His*tor"i*cize  (?),  v.  t.  To  record or narrate in the manner of a
   history; to chronicle. [R.]


   His"to*ried (?), a. Related in history.


   His*to"ri*er (?), n. An historian. [Obs.]


   His`to*ri*ette"  (?),  n. [F., dim. of histoire a history.] Historical
   narration on a small scale; a brief recital; a story. Emerson.


   His*tor"i*ty  (?),  v. t. [History + -fy.] To record in or as history.
   [R.] Lamb.

     Thy conquest meet to be historified. Sir P. Sidney.


   His*to`ri*og"ra*pher (?), n. [L. historiographus, Gr. historiographe.]
   An  historian;  a  writer  of  history;  especially,  one appointed or
   designated  to  write  a  history;  also,  a  title  bestowed  by some
   governments upon historians of distinction.


   His*to`ri*og"ra*pher*ship,   n.  The  office  of  an  historiographer.


   His*to`ri*og"ra*phy   (?),   n.   The   art   of   employment   of  an


   His*to`ri*ol"o*gy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  -logy.]  A  discourse  on  history.


   His*to`ri*on"o*mer (?), n. [Gr. One versed in the phenomena of history
   and the laws controlling them.

     And historionomers will have measured accurately the sidereal years
     of races. Lowell.


   His"to*rize  (?),  v.  t.  To  relate  as  history;  to  chronicle; to
   historicize. [R.] Evelyn.


   His"to*ry  (?),  n.;  pl.  Histories  (#).  [L.historia, Gr. 'istori`a
   history,  information,  inquiry, fr. 'istwr, "istwr, knowing, learned,
   from the root of wit. See Wit, and cf. Story.]

   1.  A  learning  or  knowing  by  inquiry;  the knowledge of facts and
   events,  so obtained; hence, a formal statement of such information; a
   narrative;  a  description;  a  written  record;  as, the history of a
   patient's case; the history of a legislative bill.

   2.  A  systematic,  written  account  of events, particularly of those
   affecting   a  nation,  institution,  science,  or  art,  and  usually
   connected  with  a  philosophical  explanation of their causes; a true
   story,  as  distinguished  from  a romance; -- distinguished also from
   annals,  which  relate  simply  the  facts and events of each year, in
   strict  chronological order; from biography, which is the record of an
   individual's  life;  and  from  memoir, which is history composed from
   personal experience, observation, and memory.

     Histories  are  as  perfect as the historian is wise, and is gifted
     with an eye and a soul. Carlyle.

     For  aught  that  I  could  ever  read,  Could ever hear by tale or
     history. Shak.

     What histories of toil could I declare! Pope.

   History  piece,  a  representation  in painting, drawing, etc., of any
   real event, including the actors and the action. -- Natural history, a
   description  and  classification  of  objects  in nature, as minerals,
   plants,  animals,  etc.,  and  the phenomena which they exhibit to the
   senses.  Syn.  --  Chronicle; annals; relation; narration. -- History,
   Chronicle,  Annals. History is a methodical record of important events
   which  concern  a community of men, usually so arranged as to show the
   connection  of  causes  and effects, to give an analysis of motive and
   action  etc. A chronicle is a record of such events, conforming to the
   order  of  time  as  its  distinctive  feature. Annals are a chronicle
   divided  up into separate years. By poetic license annals is sometimes
   used for history.

     Justly  C\'91sar scorns the poet's lays; It is to history he trusts
     for praise. Pope.

     No  more  yet  of  this; For 't is a chronicle of day by day, Not a
     relation for a breakfast. Shak.

     Many glorious examples in the annals of our religion. Rogers.


   His"to*ry, v. t. To narrate or record. [Obs.] Shak.


   His*tot"o*my (?), n. [Gr. The dissection of organic tissues.


   His"to*zyme  (?), n. [Gr. (Physiol. Chem.) A soluble ferment occurring
   in   the   animal   body,   to  the  presence  of  which  many  normal
   decompositions and synthetical processes are supposed to be due.


   His"tri*on (?), n. [L. histrio: cf. F. histrion.] A player. [R.] Pope.

                           Histrionic, Histrionical

   His`tri*on"ic  (?),  His`tri*on"ic*al (?), a. [L. histrionicus: cf. F.
   histronique.  See  Histrion.]  Of  or  relating  to  the  stage  or  a
   stageplayer;  befitting  a  theatre; theatrical; -- sometimes in a bad
   sense. -- His`tri*on"ic*al*ly, adv.

     Tainted with false and histrionic feeling. De Quincey.


   His`tri*on"i*cism (?), n. The histronic art; stageplaying. W. Black.


   His"tri*o*nism (?), n. Theatrical representation; acting; affectation.
   Sir T. Browne.


   His"tri*o*nize  (?),  v.  t.  To  act;  to  represent on the stage, or
   theatrically. Urquhart.


   Hit (?), pron. It. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hit,  3d  pers.  sing.  pres.  of Hide, contracted from hideth. [Obs.]


   Hit  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Hit; p. pr. & vb. n. Hitting.] [OE.
   hitten,  hutten,  of Scand. origin; cf. Dan. hitte to hit, find, Sw. &
   Icel. hitta.]

   1.  To  reach  with a stroke or blow; to strike or touch, usually with
   force; especially, to reach or touch (an object aimed at).

     I think you have hit the mark. Shak.

   2.  To  reach or attain exactly; to meet according to the occasion; to
   perform  successfully; to attain to; to accord with; to be conformable
   to; to suit.

     Birds  learning  tunes, and their endeavors to hit the notes right.

     There  you  hit  him;  .  .  .  that argument never fails with him.

     Whose saintly visage is too bright To hit the sense of human sight.

     He scarcely hit my humor. Tennyson.

   3. To guess; to light upon or discover. "Thou hast hit it." Shak.

   4.  (Backgammon)  To  take  up, or replace by a piece belonging to the
   opposing player; -- said of a single unprotected piece on a point.
   To  hit off, to describe with quick characteristic strokes; as, to hit
   off  a speaker. Sir W. Temple. -- To hit out, to perform by good luck.
   [Obs.] Spenser.


   Hit (?), v. i.

   1.  To  meet  or  come in contact; to strike; to clash; -- followed by
   against or on.

     If bodies be extension alone, how can they move and hit one against
     another? Locke.

     Corpuscles,  meeting  with  or  hitting  on  those  bodies,  become
     conjoined with them. Woodward.

   2. To meet or reach what was aimed at or desired; to succeed, -- often
   with implied chance, or luck.

     And oft it hits Where hope is coldest and despair most fits. Shak.

     And millions miss for one that hits. Swift.

   To  hit on OR upon, to light upon; to come to by chance. "None of them
   hit upon the art." Addison. 


   Hit, n.

   1.  A striking against; the collision of one body against another; the
   stroke that touches anything.

     So  he  the  famed  Cilician fencer praised, And, at each hit, with
     wonder seems amazed. Dryden.

   2. A stroke of success in an enterprise, as by a fortunate chance; as,
   he made a hit.

     What  late  he  called  a  blessing,  now  was  wit, And God's good
     providence, a lucky hit. Pope.

   <--  esp. A performance, as a musical recording, movie, or play, which
   achieved great popularity or acclaim. also used of books or objects of
   commerce which become big sellers -->

   3. A peculiarly apt expression or turn of thought; a phrase which hits
   the mark; as, a happy hit.

   4.  A  game  won at backgammon after the adversary has removed some of
   his men. It counts less than a gammon.

   5.  (Baseball)  A striking of the ball; as, a safe hit; a foul hit; --
   sometimes  used specifically for a base hit. <-- 6. A murder performed
   for  hire,  esp.  by  a  professional assassin. --> <-- hit man. (a) a
   professional  murderer,  esp. one working for a criminal organization;
   also,  "torpedo" [jargon] (b) (fig.) A slanderer working for political
   purposes -- See "hatchet man". -->
   Base  hit,  Safe  hit, Sacrifice hit. (Baseball) See under Base, Safe,
   etc. <--


   Hit.  adj.  having  become  very  popular  or  acclaimed;  --  said of
   entertainment performances; as, a hit record, a hit movie. -->


   Hitch  (?),  v.  t.  [Cf.  Scot.  hitch a motion by a jerk, and hatch,
   hotch,  to  move  by  jerks, also Prov. G. hiksen, G. hinken, to limp,
   hobble; or E. hiccough; or possibly akin to E. hook.]

   1.  To become entangled or caught; to be linked or yoked; to unite; to

     Atoms . . . which at length hitched together. South.

   2.  To  move  interruptedly or with halts, jerks, or steps; -- said of
   something obstructed or impeded.

     Slides into verse, and hitches in a rhyme. Pope.

     To ease themselves . . . by hitching into another place. Fuller.

   3.  To hit the legs together in going, as horses; to interfere. [Eng.]


   Hitch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hitched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hitching.]

   1.  To  hook; to catch or fasten as by a hook or a knot; to make fast,
   unite, or yoke; as, to hitch a horse, or a halter.

   2. To move with hitches; as, he hitched his chair nearer.
   To hitch up. (a) To fasten up. (b) To pull or raise with a jerk; as, a
   sailor  hitches  up  his  trousers.  (c)  To  attach, as a horse, to a
   vehicle; as, hitch up the gray mare. [Colloq.]
   Hitch, n.
   1.  A  catch;  anything  that  holds,  as  a  hook;  an impediment; an
   obstacle; an entanglement.
   2. The act of catching, as on a hook, etc.
   3.  A  stop  or  sudden  halt;  a stoppage; an impediment; a temporary
   obstruction;  an obstacle; as, a hitch in one's progress or utterance;
   a hitch in the performance.

   4.  A  sudden  movement  or  pull;  a pull up; as, the sailor gave his
   trousers a hitch.

   5.  (Naut.)  A knot or noose in a rope which can be readily undone; --
   intended for a temporary fastening; as, a half hitch; a clove hitch; a
   timber hitch, etc.

   6. (Geol.) A small dislocation of a bed or vein.


   Hitch"el (?), n. & v. t. See Hatchel.


   Hithe  (?),  n. [AS. hHide to conceal.] A port or small haven; -- used
   in composition; as, Lambhithe, now Lambeth. Pennant.


   Hith"er  (?), adv. [OE. hider, AS. hider; akin to Icel. hra, Dan. hid,
   Sw. hit, Goth. hidrcitra on this side, or E. here, he. He.]

   1.  To  this place; -- used with verbs signifying motion, and implying
   motion toward the speaker; correlate of hence and thither; as, to come
   or bring hither.

   2.  To this point, source, conclusion, design, etc.; -- in a sense not

     Hither we refer whatsoever belongeth unto the highest perfection of
     man. Hooker.

   Hither  and  thither,  to  and  fro;  backward and forward; in various
   directions.  "Victory  is  like  a  traveller,  and  goeth  hither and
   thither." Knolles.
   Hith"er, a. 

   1.  Being  on  the side next or toward the person speaking; nearer; --
   correlate  of  thither  and farther; as, on the hither side of a hill.

   2.  Applied  to  time:  On  the hither side of, younger than; of fewer
   years than.

     And  on  the  hither  side,  or  so  she looked, Of twenty summers.

     To  the  present generation, that is to say, the people a few years
     on  the  hither  and  thither  side  of thirty, the name of Charles
     Darwin  stands  alongside  of  those  of  Isaac  Newton and Michael
     Faraday. Huxley.


   Hith"er*most` (?), a. Nearest on this side. Sir M. Hale.


   Hith"er*to` (?), adv.

   1. To this place; to a prescribed limit.

     Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further. Job xxxviii. 11.

   2. Up to this time; as yet; until now.

     The Lord hath blessed me hitherto. Josh. xvii. 14.


   Hith"er*ward (?), adv. [AS. hiderweard.] Toward this place; hither.

     Marching hitherward in proud array. Shak.


   Hit"ter (?), n. One who hits or strikes; as, a hard hitter.


   Hive (?), n. [OE. hive, huve, AS. h.]

   1. A box, basket, or other structure, for the reception and habitation
   of a swarm of honeybees. Dryden.

   2. The bees of one hive; a swarm of bees. Shak.

   3. A place swarming with busy occupants; a crowd.

     The hive of Roman liars. Tennyson.

   Hive bee (Zo\'94l.), the honeybee.


   Hive, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hived (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hiving.]

   1. To collect into a hive; to place in, or cause to enter, a hive; as,
   to hive a swarm of bees.

   2.  To  store  up in a hive, as honey; hence, to gather and accumulate
   for future need; to lay up in store.

     Hiving wisdom with each studious year. Byron.


   Hive,  v.  i.  To  take  shelter  or lodgings together; to reside in a
   collective body. Pope.


   Hive"less, a. Destitute of a hive. Gascoigne.


   Hiv"er (?), n. One who collects bees into a hive.


   Hives  (?),  n. [Scot.; perh. akin to E. heave.] (Med.) (a) The croup.
   (b)  An eruptive disease (Varicella globularis), allied to the chicken


   Hizz (?), v. i. To hiss. [Obs.] Shak.


   Ho (?), pron. Who. [Obs.] In some Chaucer MSS.

                                    Ho, Hoa

   Ho,  Hoa (?), n. [See Ho, interj., 2.] A stop; a halt; a moderation of

     There is no ho with them. Decker.

                                    Ho, Hoa

   Ho, Hoa (?), interj. [Cf. F. & G. ho.]

   1. Halloo! attend! -- a call to excite attention, or to give notice of
   approach. "What noise there, ho?" Shak.

     "Ho! who's within?" Shak.

     2.  [Perhaps corrupted fr. hold; but cf. F. hau stop! and E. whoa.]
     Stop!  stand  still!  hold!  --  a  word now used by teamsters, but
     formerly  to  order  the cessation of anything. [Written also whoa,
     and, formerly, hoo.]

     The duke . . . pulled out his sword and cried "Hoo!" Chaucer.

     An herald on a scaffold made an hoo. Chaucer.


     Hoar  (?), a. [OE. hor, har, AS. h\'ber; akin to Icel. h\'berr, and
     to  OHG.  h&emac;r  illustrious,  magnificent;  cf.  Icel. Hei&edh;
     brightness  of  the  sky,  Goth. hais torch, Skr. k&emac;tus light,
     torch. Cf. Hoary.]

     1.  White,  or  grayish  white:  as, hoar frost; hoar cliffs. "Hoar
     waters." Spenser.

     2. Gray or white with age; hoary.

     Whose beard with age is hoar. Coleridge.

     Old trees with trunks all hoar. Byron.

     3. Musty; moldy; stale. [Obs.] Shak.


     Hoar, n. Hoariness; antiquity. [R.]

     Covered with the awful hoar of innumerable ages. Burke.


     Hoar, v. t. [AS. h\'berian to grow gray.] To become moldy or musty.
     [Obs.] Shak.


     Hoard (?), n. See Hoarding, 2. Smart.


     Hoard,  n.  [OE.  hord,  AS. hord; akin to OS. hord, G. hort, Icel.
     hodd, Goth. huzd; prob. from the root of E. hide to conceal, and of
     L.  custos guard, E. custody. See Hide to conceal.] A store, stock,
     or  quantity of anything accumulated or laid up; a hidden supply; a
     treasure; as, a hoard of provisions; a hoard of money.


     Hoard, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hoarded; p. pr. & vb. n. Hoarding.] [AS.
     hordian.] To collect and lay up; to amass and deposit in secret; to
     store secretly, or for the sake of keeping and accumulating; as, to
     hoard grain.


     Hoard, v. i. To lay up a store or hoard, as of money.

     To hoard for those whom he did breed. Spenser.


     Hoard"er (?), n. One who hoards.


     Hoard"ing  (?),  n.  [From  OF. hourd, hourt, barrier, palisade, of
     German  or  Dutch  origin;  cf.  D.  horde hurdle, fence, G. horde,
     h\'81rde; akin to E. hurdle. &root;16. See Hurdle.]

     1. (Arch.) A screen of boards inclosing a house and materials while
     builders are at work. [Eng.]

     Posted on every dead wall and hoarding. London Graphic.

     2.   A   fence,  barrier,  or  cover,  inclosing,  surrounding,  or
     concealing something.

     The  whole  arrangement  was  surrounded  by  a hoarding, the space
     within  which  was  divided  into  compartments  by  sheets of tin.


     Hoared (?), a. Moldy; musty. [Obs.] Granmer.


     Hoar"frost`  (?),  n. The white particles formed by the congelation
     of dew; white frost. [Written also horefrost. See Hoar, a.]

     He scattereth the hoarfrost like ashes. Ps. cxlvii. 16.


     Hoar"hound` (?), n. Same as Horehound.


     Hoar"i*ness (?), n. [From Hoary.] The state of being hoary. Dryden.


     Hoarse  (?), a. [Compar. Hoarser (?), superl. Hoarsest.] [OE. hors,
     also  hos,  has,  AS.  h\'bes;  akin to D. heesch, G. heiser, Icel.
     h\'bess, Dan. h\'91s, Sw. hes. Cf. Prov. E. heazy.]

     1.  Having a harsh, rough, grating voice or sound, as when affected
     with  a  cold;  making  a rough, harsh cry or sound; as, the hoarse

     The hoarse resounding shore. Dryden.

     2. Harsh; grating; discordant; -- said of any sound.


     Hoarse"ly, adv. With a harsh, grating sound or voice.


     Hoars"en  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Hoarsened (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
     Hoarsening.] To make hoarse.

     I shall be obliged to hoarsen my voice. Richardson.


     Hoarse"ness  (?),  n. Harshness or roughness of voice or sound, due
     to  mucus collected on the vocal cords, or to swelling or looseness
     of the cords.

     Page 697


     Hoar"stone` (?), n. A stone designating the Halliwell.


     Hoar"y (?), a.

     1. White or whitish."The hoary willows." Addison.

     2. White or gray with age; hoar; as, hoary hairs.

     Reverence the hoary head. Dr. T. Dwight.

     3. Hence, remote in time past; as, hoary antiquity.

     4. Moldy; mossy; musty. [Obs.] Knolles.

     5. (Zo\'94l.) Of a pale silvery gray.

     6.   (Bot.)   Covered  with  short,  dense,  grayish  white  hairs;

   Hoary  bat  (Zo\'94l.), an American bat (Atalapha cinerea), having the
   hair yellowish, or brown, tipped with white.


   Ho"at*zin (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Hoazin.


   Hoax (?), n. [Prob. contr. fr. hocus, in hocus-pocus.] A deception for
   mockery  or  mischief;  a  deceptive trick or story; a practical joke.


   Hoax,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Hoaxed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hoaxing.] To
   deceive  by  a story or a trick, for sport or mischief; to impose upon
   sportively. Lamb.


   Hoax"er (?), n. One who hoaxes.


   Hoa"zin   (?),   n.   (Zo\'94l.)  A  remarkable  South  American  bird
   (Opisthocomus  cristatus);  the crested touraco. By some zo\'94logists
   it is made the type of a distinct order (Opisthocomi).


   Hob (?), n. [Prob. akin to hump. Cf. Hub. ]

   1. The hub of a wheel. See Hub. Washington.

   2.  The  flat  projection  or  iron shelf at the side of a fire grate,
   where things are put to be kept warm. Smart.

   3.  (Mech.)  A threaded and fluted hardened steel cutter, resembling a
   tap,  used  in  a  lathe  for forming the teeth of screw chasers, worm
   wheels, etc.


   Hob,  n  [Orig.  an  abbrev.  of  Robin,  Robert;  Robin  Goodfellow a
   celebrated fairy, or domestic spirit. Cf. Hobgoblin, and see Robin. ]

   1. A fairy; a sprite; an elf. [Obs.]

     From elves, hobs, and fairies, . . . Defend us, good Heaven ! Beau.
     & FL.

   2. A countryman; a rustic; a clown. [Obs.] Nares.

                              Hobanob, Hobandnob

   Hob"a*nob` (?), Hob"and*nob`, v. i. Same as Hobnob. Tennyson.


   Hob"bism (?), n. The philosophical system of Thomas Hobbes, an English
   materialist (


   Hob"bist (?), n. One who accepts the doctrines of Thomas Hobbes.


   Hob"ble (?), n. i. [imp. & p. p. Hobbled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hobbling
   (?).]  [OE.  hobelen,  hoblen,  freq.  of  hoppen  to  hop; akin to D.
   hobbelen, hoblen, hoppeln. See Hop to jump, and cf. Hopple ]

   1.  To  walk lame, bearing chiefly on one leg; to walk with a hitch or
   hop, or with crutches.

     The friar was hobbling the same way too. Dryden.

   2. To move roughly or irregularly; -- said of style in writing. Prior.

     The hobbling versification, the mean diction. Jeffreys.


   Hob"ble, v. t.

   1.  To  fetter  by  tying the legs; to hopple; to clog. " They hobbled
   their horses." Dickens

   2. To perplex; to embarrass.


   Hob"ble, n.

   1.  An  unequal gait; a limp; a halt; as, he has a hobble in his gait.

   2. Same as Hopple.

   3. Difficulty; perplexity; embarrassment. Waterton.


   Hob"ble*bush`  (?), n. (Bot.) A low bush (Viburnum lantanoides) having
   long,  straggling  branches  and  handsome flowers. It is found in the
   Northern United States. Called also shinhopple.

                           Hobbledehoy, Hobbletehoy

   Hob"ble*de*hoy` (?), Hob"ble*te*hoy` (?), n. [Written also hobbetyhoy,
   hobbarddehoy, hobbedehoy, hobdehoy.] [ Cf. Prob. E. hobbledygee with a
   limping  movement;  also  F. hobereau, a country squire, E. hobby, and
   OF.  hoi  to-day;  perh. the orig. sense was, an upstart of to-day.] A
   youth between boy and man; an awkward, gawky young fellow . [Colloq.]

     All  the men, boys, and hobbledehoys attached to the farm. Dickens.


   Hob"bler (?), n. One who hobbles.


   Hob"bler,  n.  [OE.  also  hobeler, OF. hobelier, LL. hobellarius. See
   Hobby  a  horse.] (Eng. Hist.) One who by his tenure was to maintain a
   horse  for  military  service;  a kind of light horseman in the Middle
   Ages who was mounted on a hobby. Hallam. Sir J. Davies.


   Hob"bling*ly (?), adv. With a limping step.


   Hob"bly  (?),  a.  Rough;  uneven;  causing one to hobble; as a hobbly


   Hob"by  (?), n.; pl. Hobbies (#). [OE. hobi; cf. OF. hobe, hob\'82, F.
   hobereau  a  hobby,  a species of falcon. OF. hober to move, stir. Cf.
   Hobby  a  horse.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small, strong-winged European falcon
   (Falco subbuteo), formerly trained for hawking.

                               Hobby, Hobbyhorse

   Hob"by  (?),  Hob"by*horse` (?), n. [OE. hobin a nag, OF. hobin hobby;
   cf.  hober  to  stir, move; prob. of German or Scand. origin; cf. Dan.
   hoppe a mare, dial. Sw. hoppa; perh. akin to E. hop to jump.]

   1.  A  strong,  active  horse,  of  a  middle  size, said to have been
   originally from Ireland; an ambling nag. Johnson.

   2.  A  stick,  often with the head or figure of a horse, on which boys
   make believe to ride. [ Usually under the form hobbyhorse.]

   3.  A  subject  or  plan  upon  which one is constantly setting off; a
   favorite  and  ever-recurring  theme of discourse, thought, or effort;
   that  which  occupies  one's  attention unduly, or to the weariness of
   others; a ruling passion. [Usually under the form hobby.]

     Not  one  of  them has any hobbyhorse, to use the phrase of Sterne.


   Hob`by*hors"ic*al  (?),  n. Pertaining to, or having, a hobby or whim;
   eccentric; whimsical.[Colloq.] Sterne.


   Hob"gob`lin  (?),  n. [See 2d Hob, and Goblin.] A frightful goblin; an
   imp;  a  bugaboo; also, a name formerly given to the household spirit,
   Robin Goodfellow. Macaulay.


   Hob"i*ler  (?),  n.[See 2d Hobbler.] A light horseman. See 2d Hobbler.
   [Obs.] Brande & C.


   Ho"bit  (?),  n.  [See  Howitzer.]  (Mil.)  A  small  mortar  on a gun
   carriage, in use before the howitzer.


   Hob"nail` (?), n. [1st hob + nail.]

   1.  A  short,  sharp-pointed,  large-headed  nail,  -- used in shoeing
   houses and for studding the soles of heavy shoes.

   2. A clownish person; a rustic. Milton.
   Hobnail  liver (Med.), a disease in which the liver is shrunken, hard,
   and  covered  with  projections  like  hobnails;  one  of the forms of
   cirrhosis of the liver.


   Hob"nail`, v. t. To tread down roughly, as with hobnailed shoes.

     Your rights and charters hobnailed into slush. Tennyson.


   Hob"nailed` (?), a. See with hobnails, as a shoe.


   Hob"nob`  (?), adv. [AS. habban to have + habban to have not; ne not +
   habban to have. See Have, and cf. Habnab.]

   1.  Have or have not; -- a familiar invitation to reciprocal drinking.

   2. At random; hit or miss. (Obs.) Holinshed.


   Hob"nob`,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Hornobbed  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n.

   1. To drink familiarly (with another). [ Written also hob-a-nob.]

   2. To associate familiarly; to be on intimate terms.


   Hob"nob`, n. Familiar, social intercourse. W. Black.


   Hob"or*nob` (?), adv. See Hobnob.


   Ho"boy (?), n. A hautboy or oboe. [Obs.]

                                Hobson's choice

   Hob"son's  choice"  (?).  A  choice  without an alternative; the thing
   offered or nothing.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  said to have had its origin in the name of one
     Hobson,  at  Cambridge, England, who let horses, and required every
     customer  to take in his turn the horse which stood next the stable


   Hoc"co  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) The crested curassow; -- called also royal
   pheasant. See Curassow.


   Hoche"pot (?), n. Hotchpot. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hock (?), n. [So called from Hochheim, in Germany.] A Rhenish wine, of
   a  light  yellow  color,  either  sparkling or still. The name is also
   given indiscriminately to all Rhenish wines.

                                  Hock, Hough

   Hock, Hough (, n. [ AS. h the heel; prob. akin to Icel. h\'besinn hock
   sinew,  Dan.  hasc, G. hechse, h\'84chse, LG. hacke, D.hak; also to L.
   coxa hip (cf. Cuisses), Skr. kaksha armpit. &root;12. Cf. Heel.]

   1.  (a)  The  joint in the hind limb of quadrupeds between the leg and
   shank, or tibia and tarsus, and corresponding to the ankle in man. (b)
   A  piece  cut by butchers, esp. in pork, from either the front or hind
   leg, just above the foot.

   2. The popliteal space; the ham.


   Hock,  v.  t.  To  disable  by  cutting  the  tendons  of the hock; to
   hamstring; to hough.


   Hock"a*more  (?),  n. [See 1st Hock.] A Rhenish wine. [Obs.] See Hock.


   Hock"day`  (?),  n.  [Cf.  AS.  h&omac;cor  mockery, scorn.] A holiday
   commemorating  the  expulsion  of  the Danes, formerly observed on the
   second  Tuesday after Easter; -- called also hocktide. [Eng.] [Written
   also hokeday.]


   Hock"ey (?), n. [From Hook, n.]

   1. A game in which two parties of players, armed with sticks curved or
   hooked  at  the end, attempt to drive any small object (as a ball or a
   bit of wood) toward opposite goals.

   2. The stick used by the players. [Written also hookey and hawkey.]


   Hock"herb` (?), n. (Bot.) The mallow.


   Hoc"kle  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hockled(?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hockling
   (?).] [From 2d Hock.]

   1. To hamstring; to hock; to hough. Hanmer.

   2. To mow, as stubble. Mason.


   Ho"cus (?), v. t. [See Hocus-pocus.]

   1. To deceive or cheat. Halliwell.

   2.  To  adulterate;  to drug; as, liquor is said to be hocused for the
   purpose of stupefying the drinker. Dickens.

   3. To stupefy with drugged liquor. Thackeray.


   Ho"cus, n.

   1. One who cheats or deceives. South.

   2. Drugged liquor.


   Ho"cus*po"cus  (?),  n.  [Prob.  invented  by jugglers in imitation of
   Latin. Cf. Hoax, Hocus .]

   1. A term used by jugglers in pretended incantations.

   2. A juggler or trickster. Sir T. Herbert.

   3. A juggler's trick; a cheat; nonsense. Hudibras.


   Ho"cus*po"cus, v. t. To cheat. [Colloq.] L'Estrange.


   Hod (?), n. [Prov. E. for hold, i. e., that which holds. See Hold.]

   1.  A  kind  of  wooden tray with a handle, borne on the shoulder, for
   carrying mortar, brick, etc.

   2. A utensil for holding coal; a coal scuttle.


   Hod"den*gray`  (?),  a.  [Perh.  akin  to E. hoiden rustic, clownish.]
   Applied  to  coarse cloth made of undyed wool, formerly worn by Scotch
   peasants. [Scot.]


   Hod"dy (?), n. [Prob. for hooded.] (Zo\'94l.) See Dun crow, under Dun,


   Hod"dy*dod`dy   (?),   n.   [Prob.   E.  also  hoddypeke,  hoddypoule,
   hoddymandoddy.] An awkward or foolish person. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Hodge"podge` (?), n. A mixed mass; a medley. See Hotchpot. Johnson.

                               Hodgkin's disease

   Hodg`kin's  dis*ease"  (?). (Med.) A morbid condition characterized by
   progressive  an\'91mia  and  enlargement  of  the lymphatic glands; --
   first described by Dr. Hodgkin, an English physician.

                              Hodiern, Hodiernal

   Ho"di*ern  (?),  Ho`di*er"nal (?), a. [L. hodiernus, fr. hodie today.]
   Of this day; belonging to the present day. [R.] Boyle. Quart. Rev.


   Hod"man  (?),  n.;  pl.  Hodmen(  A  man  who carries a hod; a mason's


   Hod"man*dod (?), n. [Obs.] See Dodman. Bacon.


   Hod"o*graph  (?),  n.  [Gr.graph.]  (Math.)  A  curve described by the
   moving  extremity of a line the other end of which is fixed, this line
   being  constantly  parallel  to the direction of motion of, and having
   its  length constantly proportional to the velocity of, a point moving
   in any path; -used in investigations respecting central forces.


   Ho*dom"e*ter (?), n. See Odometer.


   Hoe (?), n. [OF. hoe, F. houe; of German origin, cf. OHG. houwa, howa,
   G. haue, fr. OHG. houwan to hew. See Hew to cut.]

   1.  A tool chiefly for digging up weeds, and arranging the earth about
   plants  in  fields  and gardens. It is made of a flat blade of iron or
   steel having an eye or tang by which it is attached to a wooden handle
   at an acute angle.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The horned or piked dogfish. See Dogfish.
   Dutch  hoe, one having the blade set for use in the manner of a spade.
   -- Horse hoe, a kind of cultivator.


   Hoe,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Hoed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hoeing.] [Cf. F.
   houer.]  To cut, dig, scrape, turn, arrange, or clean, with a hoe; as,
   to  hoe the earth in a garden; also, to clear from weeds, or to loosen
   or  arrange the earth about, with a hoe; as, to hoe corn. To hoe one's
   row, to do one's share of a job. [Colloq.]


   Hoe, v. i. To use a hoe; to labor with a hoe.


   Hoe"cake` (?), n. A cake of Indian meal, water, and salt, baked before
   the  fire or in the ashes; -- so called because often cooked on a hoe.
   [Southern U.S.]


   Hoe"moth`er (?), n. [A local Orkney name; cf. Icel.h\'ber.] (Zo\'94l.)
   The  basking  or  liver  shark; -- called also homer. See Liver shark,
   under Liver.


   Ho"ful  (?),  a. [AS.hogful, hohful, fr. hogu care, anxiety.] Careful;
   wary. [Obs.] Stapleton.


   Hog  (?),  n.  [Prob.  akin  to  E.  hack to cut, and meaning orig., a
   castrated boar; cf. also W. hwch swine, sow, Armor. houc'h, hoc'h. Cf.
   Haggis, Hogget, and Hoggerel.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  quadruped  of  the  genus Sus, and allied genera of
   Suid\'91;  esp.,  the  domesticated  varieties  of S. scrofa, kept for
   their  fat  and  meat,  called,  respectively,  lard  and pork; swine;
   porker; specifically, a castrated boar; a barrow.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e do mestic ho gs of  Si am, Ch ina, an d pa rts of
     Southern Europe, are thought to have been derived from Sus Indicus.

   2. A mean, filthy, or gluttonous fellow. [Low.]

   3. A young sheep that has not been shorn. [Eng.]

   4. (Naut.) A rough, flat scrubbing broom for scrubbing a ship's bottom
   under water. Totten.

   5.  (Paper  Manuf.) A device for mixing and stirring the pulp of which
   paper is made.
   Bush  hog,  Ground  hog,  etc.  See  under  Bush,  Ground, etc. -- Hog
   caterpillar (Zo\'94l.), the larva of the green grapevine sphinx; -- so
   called because the head and first three segments are much smaller than
   those  behind  them, so as to make a resemblance to a hog's snout. See
   Hawk  moth.  --  Hog  cholera,  an epidemic contagious fever of swine,
   attended by liquid, fetid, diarrhea, and by the appearance on the skin
   and  mucous  membrane  of  spots  and patches of a scarlet, purple, or
   black  color.  It is fatal in from one to six days, or ends in a slow,
   uncertain  recovery.  Law  (Farmer's  Veter.  Adviser.  )--  Hog  deer
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  axis  deer.  --  Hog  gum  (Bot.),  West Indian tree
   (Symphonia globulifera), yielding an aromatic gum. -- Hog of wool, the
   trade  name for the fleece or wool of sheep of the second year. -- Hog
   peanut  (Bot.),  a  kind  of earth pea. -- Hog plum (Bot.), a tropical
   tree, of the genus Spondias (S. lutea), with fruit somewhat resembling
   plums,  but  chiefly eaten by hogs. It is found in the West Indies. --
   Hog's  bean  (Bot.),  the plant henbane. -- Hog's bread.(Bot.) See Sow
   bread.  --  Hog's  fennel.  (Bot.)  See  under  Fennel. -- Mexican hog
   (Zo\'94l.), the peccary. -- Water hog. (Zo\'94l.) See Capybara.


   Hog, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hogged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hogging.]

   1. To cut short like bristles; as, to hog the mane of a horse. Smart.

   2. (Naut.) To scrub with a hog, or scrubbing broom.


   Hog,  v.  i. (Naut.) To become bent upward in the middle, like a hog's
   back; -- said of a ship broken or strained so as to have this form.


   Hog"back` (?), n.

   1.  (Arch.)  An upward curve or very obtuse angle in the upper surface
   of  any  member,  as of a timber laid horizontally; -- the opposite of

   2. (Naut.) See Hogframe.

   3.  (Geol.)  A  ridge formed by tilted strata; hence, any ridge with a
   sharp summit, and steeply sloping sides.


   Hog"chain`  (?), n. A chain or tie rod, in a boat or barge, to prevent
   the vessel from hogging.


   Hog"chok`er  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) An American sole (Achirus lineatus, or
   A. achirus), related to the European sole, but of no market value.


   Hog"cote` (?), n. A shed for swine; a sty.


   Hog"fish`  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) (a) A large West Indian and Florida food
   fish  (Lachnol\'91mus).  (b)  The  pigfish  or sailor's choice. (c) An
   American   fresh-water   fish;  the  log  perch.  (d)  A  large,  red,
   spiny-headed, European marine fish (Scorp\'91na scrofa).


   Hog"frame`  (?), n. (Steam Vessels) A trussed frame extending fore and
   aft,  usually  above  deck,  and intended to increase the longitudinal
   strength  and  stiffness.  Used  chiefly  in  American  river and lake
   steamers. Called also hogging frame, and hogback.


   Hogged  (?),  a.  (Naut.)  Broken  or strained so as to have an upward
   curve between the ends. See Hog, v. i.


   Hog"ger  (?),  n.  A  stocking  without a foot, worn by coal miners at


   Hog"ger*el  (?), n. [From the same source as hog; prob. orig., a sheep
   clipped the first year. See Hog.] A sheep of the second year. [Written
   also hogrel.] Ash.


   Hog"ger*pipe`  (?),  n.  (Mining)  The upper terminal pipe of a mining
   pump. Raymond.

   Page 698


   Hog"ger-pump" (?), n. (Mining) The for pump in the pit. Raymond.


   Hog"ger*y  (?),  n.  Hoggish character or manners; selfishness; greed;

     Crime and shame And all their hoggery. Mrs. Browning.


   Hog"get (?), n. [See Hog, and Hoggerel.]

   1. A young boar of the second year.

   2. A sheep or colt alter it has passed its first year.


   Hog"ging (?), n. (Naut.) Drooping at the ends; arching;-in distinction
   from sagging. Hogging frame. See Hogframe.


   Hog"gish (?), a. Swinish; gluttonous; filthy; selfish. -- Hog"gish*ly,
   adv. -- Hog"gish*ness, n.

     Is not a hoggish life the height of some men's wishes? Shaftesbury.


   Hogh  (h&omac;),  n.  [Icel.  haugr  hill, mound; akin to E. high. See
   High.] A hill; a cliff. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Hog"herd (?), n. A swineherd. W. Browne.


   Hog`ma*nay"  (,  n. The old name, in Scotland, for the last day of the
   year,  on which children go about singing, and receive a dole of bread
   or  cakes;  also, the entertainment given on that day to a visitor, or
   the gift given to an applicant. [Scot.]


   Hog"nose`snake" (?). (Zo\'94l.) A harmless North American snake of the
   genus  Heterodon,  esp.  H. platyrhynos; -- called also puffing adder,
   blowing adder, and sand viper.


   Hog"nut`  (?),  n. (Bot.) (a) The pignut. See Hickory. (b) In England,
   the Bunium flexuosum, a tuberous plant.


   Ho"go  (?),  n.  [Corrupted from F. haut go\'96t.] High flavor; strong
   scent. [Obs.] Halliwell.


   Hog"pen` (?), n. A pen or sty for hogs.


   Hog"reeve`  (?), n. [See Reeve.] A civil officer charged with the duty
   of impounding hogs running at large. [New Eng.] Bartlett.


   Hog"ring`er (?), n. One who puts rings into the snouts of hogs.


   Hog's"-back` (?), n. (Geol.) A hogback.


   Hog"score`  (?),  n.  [Etymol.  uncertain.]  (Curling) A distance lime
   brawn  across  the rink or course between the middle line and the tee.


   Hogs"head  (?),  n. [D. okshoofd; akin to Sw. oxhufvud, Dan. oxehoved,
   G.  oxhoft; apparently meaning orig., ox head, but it is not known why
   this name was given. Cf. Ox, Head.]

   1.  An  English  measure  of  capacity, containing 63 wine gallons, or
   about 52

     NOTE: &hand; Th e Lo ndon hogshead of beer was 54 beer gallons, the
     London hogshead of ale was 48 ale gallons. Elsewhere in England the
     ale  and  beer  hogsheads  held  51  gallons. These measures are no
     longer in use, except for cider.

   2. A large cask or barrel, of indefinite contents; esp. one containing
   from 100 to 140 gallons. [U. S.]


   Hog"skin`  (?),  n.  Leather  tanned  from  a  hog's  skin.  Also used


   Hog"sty`  (?),  n.;  pl.  Hogsties  (. A pen, house, or inclosure, for


   Hog"wash` (?), n. Swill. Arbuthnot.


   Hog"weed`  (?), n. (Bot.) (a) A common weed (Ambrosia artemisi\'91ge).
   See Ambrosia, 3. (b) In England, the Heracleum Sphondylium.


   Hoi"den  (?),  n.  [OE.  hoydon  a lout, rustic, OD. heyden a heathen,
   gypsy,  vagabond,  D.  heiden,  fr.  OD.  heyde  heath,  D. heide. See
   Heathen, Heath.] [Written also hoyden.]

   1. A rude, clownish youth. [Obs.] Milton.

   2. A rude, bold girl; a romp. H. Kingsley.


   Hoi"den, a. Rustic; rude; bold. Younq.


   Hoi"den, v. i. To romp rudely or indecently. Swift.


   Hoi"den*hood (?), n. State of being a hoiden.


   Hoi"den*ish, a. Like, or appropriate to, a hoiden.


   Hoise (?), v. t. [See Hoist.] To hoist. [Obs.]

     They . . . hoised up the mainsail to the wind. Acts xxvii. 40.


   Hoist  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Hoisted; p. pr. & vb. n. Hoisting.]
   [OE.  hoise,  hyse,  OD.  hyssen, D. hijshen; akin to LG. hissen, Dan.
   hisse,  Sw.  hissa.]  To raise; to lift; to elevate; esp., to raise or
   lift  to a desired elevation, by means of tackle, as a sail, a flag, a
   heavy package or weight.

     They land my goods, and hoist my flying sails. Pope.

     Hoisting him into his father's throne. South.

   Hoisting engine, a steam engine for operating a hoist.


   Hoist, n.

   1. That by which anything is hoisted; the apparatus for lifting goods.

   2. The act of hoisting; a lift. [Collog.]

   3. (fly
   ,  or  horizontal length when flying from a staff. (b) The height of a
   fore-and-aft  sail  next  the  mast  or  stay. Totten. Hoist bridge, a
   drawbridge that is lifted instead of being swung or drawn aside.


   Hoist, p. p. Hoisted. [Obs.]

     'Tis the sport to have the enginer Hoist with his own petar. Shak.


   Hoist"a*way` (?), n. A mechanical lift. See Elevator.


   Hoist"way` (?), n. An opening for the hoist, or


   Hoit  (?), v. i. [Gf. W. hoetian to dally, dandle.] To leap; to caper;
   to romp noisily. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


   Hoi"ty-toi`ty  (?), a. [From Hoit.] Thoughtless; giddy; flighty; also,
   haughty;  patronizing;  as, to be in hoity-toity spirits, or to assume
   hoity-toity  airs;  used  also as an exclamation, denoting surprise or
   disapprobation, with some degree of contempt.

     Hoity-toity! What have I to do with dreams? Congreve.


   Hoke"day` (?), n. Same as Hockday.


   Ho"ker  (?),  n.  [AS.  h.]  Scorn;  derision; abusive talk. [Obs.] --
   Ho"ker*ly, adv. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hol (?), a. [See Whole.] Whole. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hoi`as*pid"e*an (?), a. [Holo- + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Having a single series
   of  large  scutes  on  the  posterior  side  of the tarsus; -- said of
   certain birds.


   Hol"cad (?), n. [Gr. 'olka`s, -a`dos, a ship which is towed, a ship of
   burden,  fr.  'e`lkein  to draw. Gf. Hulk.] A large ship of burden, in
   ancient Greece. Mitford.


   Hold  (?),  n.  [D.  hol  hole,  hollow.  See Hole.] (Naut.) The whole
   interior  portion of a vessel below the lower deck, in which the cargo
   is stowed.


   Hold, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Held (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Holding. Holden (,
   p.  p.,  is  obs.  in  elegant  writing,  though  still  used in legal
   language.]  [OE.  haldan,  D.  houden,  OHG.  hoten, Icel. halda, Dan.
   holde,  Sw.  h\'86lla,  Goth.  haldan  to  feed, tend (the cattle); of
   unknown origin. Gf. Avast, Halt, Hod.]

   1.  To  cause  to  remain in a given situation, position, or relation,
   within  certain  limits,  or  the  like;  to  prevent  from falling or
   escaping; to sustain; to restrain; to keep in the grasp; to retain.

     The loops held one curtain to another. Ex. xxxvi. 12.

     Thy right hand shall hold me. Ps. cxxxix. 10. 

     They all hold swords, being expert in war. Cant. iii. 

     In vain he seeks, that having can not hold. Spenser.

     France,  thou  mayst  hold a serpent by the tongue, . . . A fasting
     tiger  safer  by the tooth, Than keep in peace that hand which thou
     dost hold. Shak.

   2. To retain in one's keeping; to maintain possession of, or authority
   over; not to give up or relinquish; to keep; to defend.

     We mean to hold what anciently we claim Of deity or empire. Milton.

   3.  To  have; to possess; to be in possession of; to occupy; to derive
   title to; as, to hold office.

     This noble merchant held a noble house. Chaucer.

     Of him to hold his seigniory for a yearly tribute. Knolles.

     And now the strand, and now the plain, they held. Dryden.

   4.  To  impose  restraint  upon; to limit in motion or action; to bind
   legally or morally; to confine; to restrain.

     We can not hold mortality's strong hand. Shak.

     Death! what do'st? O,hold thy blow. Grashaw.

     He hat not sufficient judgment and self-command to hold his tongue.

   5.  To  maintain  in  being or action; to carry on; to prosecute, as a
   course of conduct or an argument; to continue; to sustain.

     Hold not thy peace, and be not still. Ps. lxxxiii. 1.

     Seedtime  and  harvest,  heat  and  hoary  frost,  Shall hold their
     course. Milton.

   6.  To  prosecute,  have,  take, or join in, as something which is the
   result of united action; as to, hold a meeting, a festival, a session,
   etc.;  hence,  to  direct  and  bring  about officially; to conduct or
   preside  at;  as,  the  general held a council of war; a judge holds a
   court; a clergyman holds a service.

     I would hold more talk with thee. Shak.

   7.  To receive and retain; to contain as a vessel; as, this pail holds
   milk;  hence,  to  be  able to receive and retain; to have capacity or
   containing power for.

     Broken cisterns that can hold no water. Jer. ii. 13.

     One sees more devils than vast hell can hold. Shak.

   8.  To  accept,  as  an  opinion;  to  be  the  adherent of, openly or
   privately; to persist in, as a purpose; to maintain; to sustain.

     Stand  fast  and  hold  the traditions which ye have been taught. 2
     Thes. ii.15.

     But still he held his purpose to depart. Dryden.

   9. To consider; to regard; to esteem; to account; to think; to judge.

     I hold him but a fool. Shak.

     I shall never hold that man my friend. Shak.

     The  Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
     Ex. xx. 7. 

   10. To bear, carry, or manage; as he holds himself erect; he holds his
   head high.

     Let him hold his fingers thus. Shak.

   To hold a wager, to lay or hazard a wager. Swift. -- To hold forth, to
   offer; to exhibit; to propose; to put forward. "The propositions which
   books  hold  forth  and  pretend  to  teach." Locke. -- To held in, to
   restrain;  to  curd.  --  To  hold  in  hand,  to toy with; to keep in
   expectation; to have in one's power. [Obs.]

     O,  fie!  to  receive favors, return falsehoods, And hold a lady in
     hand. Beaw. & Fl.

   --To  hold in play, to keep under control; to dally with. Macaulay. --
   To  hold  off, to keep at a distance. -- To hold on, to hold in being,
   continuance or position; as, to hold a rider on. -- To hold one's day,
   to  keep  one's appointment. [Obs.] Chaucer. -- To hold one's own. <--
   Note!  There  is  no  (b)  in  the  original -->(a) To keep good one's
   present  condition  absolutely  or  relatively; not to fall off, or to
   lose ground; as, a ship holds her own when she does not lose ground in
   a race or chase; a man holds his own when he does not lose strength or
   weight.  -- To hold one's peace, to keep silence.- To hold out. (a) To
   extend;  to  offer.  "Fortune  holds  out these to you as rewards." B.
   Jonson.  (b)  To  continue  to do or to suffer; to endure. "He can not
   long  hold  out  these  pangs."  Shak. -- To hold up. (a) To raise; to
   lift;  as,  hold  up  your head. (b) To support; to sustain. "He holds
   himself  up  in virtue."Sir P. Sidney. (c) To exhibit; to display; as,
   he  was  held up as an example. (d) To rein in; to check; to halt; as,
   hold  up your horses. -- To hold water. (a) Literally, to retain water
   without leaking; hence (Fig.), to be whole, sound, consistent, without
   gaps  or  holes;  --  commonly  used  in  a  negative  sense;  as, his
   statements will not hold water. [Collog.] (b) (Naut.) To hold the oars
   steady in the water, thus checking the headway of a boat.


   Hold,  n.  i.  In  general,  to keep one's self in a given position or
   condition; to remain fixed. Hence:

   1. Not to more; to halt; to stop;-mostly in the imperative.

     And damned be him that first cries, "Hold, enough!" Shak.

   2.  Not  to  give  way;  not  to  part  or become separated; to remain
   unbroken or unsubdued.

     Our force by land hath nobly held. Shak.

   3.  Not to fail or be found wanting; to continue; to last; to endure a
   test or trial; to abide; to persist.

     While our obedience holds. Milton.

     The rule holds in land as all other commodities. Locke.

   4. Not to fall away, desert, or prove recreant; to remain attached; to
   cleave;-often with with, to, or for.

     He will hold to the one and despise the other. Matt. vi. 24

   5. To restrain one's self; to refrain.

     His dauntless heart would fain have held From weeping, but his eyes
     rebelled. Dryden.

   6. To derive right or title; -- generally with of.

     My crown is absolute, and holds of none. Dryden.

     His imagination holds immediately from nature. Hazlitt.

   Hold  on!  Hold up! wait; stop; forbear. [Collog] -- To hold forth, to
   speak in public; to harangue; to preach. L'Estrange. -- To hold in, to
   restrain  one's self; as, he wanted to laugh and could hardly hold in.
   --  To  hold  off,  to keep at a distance. -- To hold on, to keep fast
   hold;  to  continue;  to  go  on.  "The trade held on for many years,"
   Swift.  --  To  hold out, to last; to endure; to continue; to maintain
   one's  self;  not  to yield or give way. -- To hold over, to remain in
   office,  possession,  etc.,  beyond  a  certain date. -- To hold to OR
   with, to take sides with, as a person or opinion. -- To hold together,
   to  be  joined; not to separate; to remain in union. Dryden. Locke. --
   To  hold  up. (a) To support one's self; to remain unbent or unbroken;
   as,  to  hold  up under misfortunes. (b) To cease raining; to cease to
   stop;  as,  it holds up. Hudibras. (c) To keep up; not to fall behind;
   not to lose ground. Collier.
   Hold (?), n.
   1.  The act of holding, as in or with the hands or arms; the manner of
   holding,   whether  firm  or  loose;  seizure;  grasp;  clasp;  gripe;
   possession; -- often used with the verbs take and lay.
     Ne have I not twelve pence within mine hold. Chaucer.
     Thou should'st lay hold upon him. B. Jonson.

     My soul took hold on thee. Addison.

     Take fast hold of instruction. Pror. iv. 13.

   2. The authority or ground to take or keep; claim.

     The law hath yet another hold on you. Shak.

   3. Binding power and influence.

     Fear  .  .  .  by  which  God and his laws take the surest hold of.

   4. Something that may be grasped; means of support.

     If  a  man  be upon an high place without rails or good hold, he is
     ready to fall. Bacon.

   5. A place of confinement; a prison; confinement; custody; guard.

     They . . . put them in hold unto the next day. Acts. iv. 3.

     King Richard, he is in the mighty hold Of Bolingbroke. Shak.

   6.  A place of security; a fortified place; a fort; a castle; -- often
   called a stronghold. Chaucer.

     New comers in an ancient hold Tennyson.

   7. (Mus.) A character [thus pause, and corona.


   Hold"back` (?), n.

   1. Check; hindrance; restraint; obstacle.

     The  only  holdback  is  the  affection  .  . . that we bear to our
     wealth. Hammond.

   2.  The projection or loop on the thill of a vehicle. to which a strap
   of  the  harness  is attached, to hold back a carriage when going down
   hill, or in backing; also, the strap or part of the harness so used.


   Hold"er, ( n. One who is employed in the hold of a vessel.


   Hold"er, n.

   1. One who, or that which, holds.

   2. One who holds land, etc., under another; a tenant.

   3. (Com.) The payee of a bill of exchange or a promissory note, or the
   one who owns or holds it.

     NOTE: &hand; Ho lder is much used as the second part of a compound;
     as, shareholder, officeholder, stockholder,etc.


   Hold"er-forth`  (?),  n.  One  who  speaks  in public; an haranguer; a
   preacher. Addison.


   Hold"fast` (?), n.

   1.  Something  used  to  secure and hold in place something else, as a
   long fiat-headed nail, a catch a hook, a clinch, a clamp, etc.; hence,
   a support. "His holdfast was gone." Bp. Montagu.

   2.  (Bot.) A conical or branching body, by which a seaweed is attached
   to  its support, and differing from a root in that it is not specially
   absorbent of moisture.


   Hold"ing, n.

   1. The act or state of sustaining, grasping, or retaining.

   2. A tenure; a farm or other estate held of another.

   3. That which holds, binds, or influences. Burke.

   4. The burden or chorus of a song. [Obs.] Shak.
   Holding  note  (Mus.),  a  note sustained in one part, while the other
   parts move.


   Hole (?), a. Whole. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hole,  n. [OE. hol, hole, AS. hol, hole, cavern, from hol, a., hollow;
   akin  to  D.  hol,  OHG.  hol, G. hohl, Dan.huul hollow, hul hole, Sw.
   h\'86l,  Icel.  hola; prob. from the root of AS. helan to conceal. See
   Hele, Hell, and cf. Hold of a ship.]

   1.  A  hollow  place or cavity; an excavation; a pit; an opening in or
   through  a  solid  body,  a  fabric,  etc.;  a  perforation; a rent; a

     The holes where eyes should be. Shak.

     The blind walls Were full of chinks and holes. Tennyson.

     The  priest took a chest, and bored a hole in the lid. 2 Kings xii.

   2.  An  excavation  in  the ground, made by an animal to live in, or a
   natural  cavity  inhabited by an animal; hence, a low, narrow, or dark
   lodging or place; a mean habitation. Dryden.

     The  foxes  have  holes, . . . but the Son of man hath not where to
     lay his head. Luke ix. 58.

   Syn.  -- Hollow; concavity; aperture; rent; fissure; crevice; orifice;
   interstice;  perforation;  excavation;  pit; cave; den; cell. Hole and
   corner,  clandestine,  underhand.  [Colloq.] "The wretched trickery of
   hole  and  corner buffery. " Dickens. -- Hole board (Fancy Weaving), a
   board  having  holes  through which cords pass which lift certain warp
   threads; -- called also compass board.

   Page 699


   Hole (?), v. t. [AS. holian. See Hole, n.]

   1. To cut, dig, or bore a hole or holes in; as, to hole a post for the
   insertion of rails or bars. Chapman.

   2. To drive into a hole, as an animal, or a billiard ball.


   Hole, v. i. To go or get into a hole. B. Jonson.


   Hol*eth"nic (?), a. Of or pertaining to a holethnos or parent race.

     The holethnic history of the Arians. London Academy.


   Hol*eth"nos  (?), n. [Holo + Gr. A parent stock or race of people, not
   yet divided into separate branches or tribes.


   Hol"i*but (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Halibut.


   Hol"i*dam (?), n. [Obs.] See Halidom.


   Hol"i*day (?), n. [Holy + day.]

   1.  A consecrated day; religious anniversary; a day set apart in honor
   of some person, or in commemoration of some event. See Holyday.

   2.  A  day  of  exemption from labor; a day of amusement and gayety; a
   festival day.

     And young and old come forth to play On a sunshine holiday. Milton.

   3.  (Law)  A  day  fixed  by  law  for suspension of business; a legal

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e Un ited States legal holidays, so called, are
     determined  by law, commonly by the statutes of the several States.
     The  holidays  most generally observed are: the 22d day of February
     (Washington's  birthday),  the  30th day of May (Memorial day), the
     4th  day  of  July  (Independence  day),  the  25th day of December
     (Christmas  day). In most of the States the 1st day of January is a
     holiday. When any of these days falls on Sunday, usually the Monday
     following  is  observed as the holiday. In many of the States a day
     in the spring (as Good Friday, or the first Thursday in April), and
     a  day  in  the  fall  (as  the  last Thursday in November) are now
     regularly  appointed  by Executive proclamation to be observed, the
     former  as  a  day  of  fasting  and prayer, the latter as a day of
     thanksgiving  and are kept as holidays. In England, the days of the
     greater  church feasts (designated in the calendar by a red letter,
     and  commonly  called  red-letter  days)  are  observed  as general
     holidays.  Bank  holidays are those on which, by act of Parliament,
     banks  may  suspend  business.  Although Sunday is a holiday in the
     sense  of  a  day  when  business  is  legally suspended, it is not
     usually  included  in  the  general  term,  the phrase "Sundays and
     holidays" being more common.

   The  holidays,  any fixed or usual period for relaxation or festivity;
   especially, Christmas and New Year's day with the intervening time.


   Hol`i*day, a.

   1. Of or pertaining to a festival; cheerful; joyous; gay. Shak.

   2. Occurring rarely; adapted for a special occasion.

     Courage  is  but  a holiday kind of virtue, to be seldom exercised.


   Ho"li*ly (?), adv. [From Holy.]

   1. Piously; with sanctity; in a holy manner.

   2. Sacredly; inviolably. [R.] Shak.


   Ho"li*ness, n. [AS. h&amac;lignes.]

   1.  The  state  or  quality  of being holy; perfect moral integrity or
   purity; freedom from sin; sanctity; innocence.

     Who is like thee, glorious in holiness! Ex. xv. 11.

   2.  The  state  of  being  hallowed,  or  consecrated to God or to his
   worship; sacredness.

     Israel was holiness unto the Lord. Jer.ii.3.

   His  holiness,  a  title  of the pope; -- formerly given also to Greek
   bishops  and  Greek  emperors.  Syn.  --  Piety;  devotion; godliness;
   sanctity; sacredness; righteousness.


   Hol"ing (?), n. [See Hole a hollow.] (Mining) Undercutting in a bed of
   coal, in order to bring down the upper mass. Raymond.


   Hol"la  (?),  interj. [F. hola; ho ho + l\'85 there, fr. L. illac that
   way, there. Cf. Hollo.] Hollo.


   Hol"la,  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Hollaed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hollaing.]
   See Hollo, v. i.


   Hol"land  (?),  n.  A  kind  of linen first manufactured in Holland; a
   linen  fabric  used  for window shades, children's garments, etc.; as,
   brown or unbleached hollands.


   Hol"land*er (?), n.

   1. A native or one of the people of Holland; a Dutchman.

   2. A very hard, semi-glazed, green or dark brown brick, which will not
   absorb water; -- called also, Dutch clinker. Wagner.


   Hol"land*ish, a. Relating to Holland; Dutch.


   Hol"lands (?), n.

   1. Gin made in Holland.

   2. pl. See Holland.


   Hol*lo" (?), interj. & n. [See Halloo, and cf. Holla.] Ho there; stop;
   attend; hence, a loud cry or a call to attract attention; a halloo.

     And  every  day,  for  food  or  play, Came to the mariner's hollo.


   Hol"lo  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Holloed  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Holloing.]  [See  Hollo,  intery.,  and  cf.  Halloo.]  To call out or
   exclaim; to halloo.


   Hol*loa" (?), interj., n. & v. i. Same as Hollo.


   Hol"low  (?), a. [OE. holow, holgh, holf, AS. holh a hollow, hole. Cf.

   1.  Having  an  empty space or cavity, natural or artificial, within a
   solid  substance;  not  solid; excavated in the interior; as, a hollow
   tree; a hollow sphere.

     Hollow with boards shalt thou make it. Ex. xxvii. 8..

   2. Depressed; concave; gaunt; sunken.

     With hollow eye and wrinkled brow. Shak.

   3.  Reverberated  from  a  cavity,  or  resembling such a sound; deep;
   muffled; as, a hollow roar. Dryden.

   4.  Not sincere or faithful; false; deceitful; not sound; as, a hollow
   heart; a hollow friend. Milton.
   Hollow  newel (Arch.), an opening in the center of a winding staircase
   in  place  of a newel post, the stairs being supported by the wall; an
   open  newel;  also, the stringpiece or rail winding around the well of
   such  a  staircase. -- Hollow quoin (Engin.), a pier of stone or brick
   made  behind  the  lock  gates  of a canal, and containing a hollow or
   recess  to  receive  the ends of the gates. -- Hollow root. (Bot.) See
   Moschatel.  --  Hollow  square.  See  Square.  --  Hollow ware, hollow
   vessels;  -- a trade name for cast-iron kitchen utensils, earthenware,
   etc.   Syn.-   Concave;  sunken;  low;  vacant;  empty;  void;  false;
   faithless; deceitful; treacherous.


   Hol"low (?), n.

   1. A cavity, natural or artificial; an unfilled space within anything;
   a  hole,  a  cavern;  an excavation; as the hollow of the hand or of a

   2. A low spot surrounded by elevations; a depressed part of a surface;
   a concavity; a channel.

     Forests grew Upon the barren hollows. Prior.

     I hate the dreadful hollow behind the little wood. Tennyson.


   Hol"low, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hollowed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hollowing.]
   To  make  hollow,  as  by digging, cutting, or engraving; to excavate.
   "Trees rudely hollowed." Dryden.


   Hol"low,  adv.  Wholly; completely; utterly; -- chiefly after the verb
   to  beat,  and  often  with  all;  as,  this story beats the other all
   hollow. See All, adv. [Collog.]

     The  more civilized so-called Caucasian races have beaten the Turks
     hollow in the struggle for existence. Darwin.


   Hol*low" (?), interj. [See Hollo.] Hollo.


   Hol"low (?), v. i. To shout; to hollo.

     Whisperings and hollowings are alike to a deaf ear. Fuller.


   Hol"low, v. t. To urge or call by shouting.

     He has hollowed the hounds. Sir W. Scott. 


   Hol"low-heart`ed  (?),  a.  Insincere;  deceitful; not sound and true;
   having  a cavity or decayed spot within. Syn. -- Faithless; dishonest;
   false; treacherous.


   Hol"low-horned`  (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Having permanent horns with a bony
   core, as cattle.


   Hol"low*ly, adv. Insincerely; deceitfully. Shak.


   Hol"low*ness, n.

   1. State of being hollow. Bacon.

   2. Insincerity; unsoundness; treachery. South.


   Hol"ly (?), adv. Wholly. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hol"ly  (?),  n.  [OE  holi, holin, AS. holen, holegn; akin to D. & G.
   hulst,  OHG.  huls  hulis, W. celyn, Armor. kelen, Gael. cuilionn, Ir.
   cuileann. Cf. 1st Holm, Hulver.]

   1.  (Bot.)  A  tree  or  shrub of the genus Ilex. The European species
   (Ilex  Aguifolium)  is  best known, having glossy green leaves, with a
   spiny,  waved  edge, and bearing berries that turn red or yellow about

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ho lly is much used to adorn churches and houses,
     at Christmas time, and hence is associated with scenes of good will
     and  rejoicing.  It  is  an  evergreen tree, and has a finegrained,
     heavy, white wood. Its bark is used as a febrifuge, and the berries
     are  violently purgative and emetic. The American holly is the Ilex
     opaca,  and  is  found  along  the coast of the United States, from
     Maine southward.


   2. (Bot.) The holm oak. See 1st Holm.
   Holly-leaved  oak (Bot.), the black scrub oak. See Scrub oak. -- Holly
   rose  (Bot.), a West Indian shrub, with showy, yellow flowers (Turnera
   ulmifolia). -- Sea holly (Bot.), a species of Eryngium. See Eryngium.


   Hol"ly*hock (?), n. [OE. holihoc; holi holy + hoc mallow, AS. hoc; cf.
   W.  hocys  mallows,  hocys  bendigaid hollyhock, lit., blessed mallow.
   Prob. so named because brought from the Holy Land. See Holy.] (Bot.) A
   species of Alth\'91a (A. rosea), bearing flowers of various colors; --
   called also rose mallow.


   Holm  (?),  n.  [OE., prob. from AS. holen holly; as the holly is also
   called  holm.  See  Holly.]  (Bot.)  A common evergreen oak, of Europe
   (Quercus Ilex); -- called also ilex, and holly.


   Holm  (?),  n.  [AS.  holm, usually meaning, sea, water; akin to Icel.
   h&omac;lmr, holmr, an island, Dan. holm, Sw. holme, G. holm, and prob.
   to E. hill. Cf. Hill.]

   1. An islet in a river. J. Brand.

   2. Low, flat land. Wordsworth.

     The soft wind blowing over meadowy holms. Tennyson.

   Holm thrush (Zo\'94l.), the missel thrush.


   Hol"mi*a (?), n. [NL.] (Chem.) An oxide of holmium.


   Hol"mi*um  (?),  n. [NL., of uncertain origin.] (Chem.) A rare element
   said to be contained in gadolinite. -- Hol"mic (#), a.


   Hol"mos  (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Greek & Etrus. Antiq.) A name given to
   a  vase  having  a  rounded  body; esp.: (a) A closed vessel of nearly
   spherical  form  on  a high stem or pedestal. Fairholt. (b) A drinking
   cup having a foot and stem.


   Hol"o- (?). A combining form fr. Gr. "o`los whole.


   Hol"o*blast (?), n. [Holo + -blast.] (Biol.) an ovum composed entirely
   of germinal matter. See Meroblast.


   Hol`o*blas"tic  (?),  a.  (Biol.)  Undergoing  complete  segmentation;
   composed entirely of germinal matter, the whole of the yolk undergoing
   fission; -- opposed to meroblastic.


   Hol"o*caust  (?),  n.  [L.  holocaustum,  Gr.  "o'los whole + kaysto`s
   burnt, fr. kai`ein to burn (cf. Caustic): cf. F. holocauste.]

   1.  A burnt sacrifice; an offering, the whole of which was consumed by
   fire, among the Jews and some pagan nations. Milton.

   2.  Sacrifice or loss of many lives, as by the burning of a theater or
   a ship.

     NOTE: [An extended use not authorized by careful writers.]


   Hol`o*ceph"a*li  (?),  n. pl. [NL., from Gr. "o`los whole + (Zo\'94l.)
   An order of elasmobranch fishes, including, among living species, only
   the  chim\'91ras;  --  called  also  Holocephala. See Chim\'91ra; also
   Illustration in Appendix.


   Hol`o*cryp"tic  (?),  a. [Holo-+ Gr. to conceal.] Wholly or completely
   concealing;  incapable  of  being  deciphered.  Holocryptic  cipher, a
   cipher  so  constructed  as  to  afford  no clew to its meaning to one
   ignorant of the key.


   Hol`o*crys"tal*line  (?),  a.  [Holo + crystalline.] (Min.) Completely
   crystalline;  --  said of a rock like granite, all the constituents of
   which  are  crystalline.  <-- hologram. n. a photographic image giving
   the  observer  a  seemingly  three-dimensional view of the represented
   object.  The  three-dimensional  effect  is  produced  by  exposing  a
   photographic  recording medium to an interference pattern generated by
   a coherent beam of light (as from a laser) reflected from the subject,
   interacting   with   a   beam  directly  from  the  source.  The  full
   three-dimensional  effect  requires  illumination  of  the  image with
   coherent light, but less perfect three-dimensional effects may also be
   observed when the hologram is illuminated with white light. -->


   Hol"o*graph   (?),   n.   [L.holographus   entirely   autograph,   Gr.
   "olo`grafos;  "o`los  whole  +  gra`fein  to write: cf. F. holographe,
   olographe.]  A  document,  as  a  letter, deed, or will, wholly in the
   handwriting  of  the  person  from  whom  it proceeds and whose act it
   purports to be.


   Hol`o*graph"ic  (?),  a.  Of  the nature of a holograph; pertaining to


   Hol`o*he"dral  (?), a. [Holo + Gr. (Crystallog.) Having all the planes
   required by complete symmetry, -- in opposition to hemihedral.


   Hol`o*hem`i*he"dral   (?),  a.  [Holo-  +  hemihedral.]  (Crystallog.)
   Presenting  hemihedral  forms, in which all the sectants have halt the
   whole number of planes. Dana.


   Hol`o*me*tab"o*la   (?),   n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Holo-,  and  Metabola.]
   (Zo\'94l.)   Those   insects  which  have  a  complete  metamorphosis;


   Hol`o*met`a*bol"ic    (?),    a.    (Zo\'94l.)   Having   a   complete
   metamorphosis;-said of certain insects, as the butterflies and bees.


   Ho*lom"e*ter  (?), n. [Holo + -meter: cf. F. holometre.] An instrument
   for making of angular measurements.


   Hol`o*phan"er*ous   (?),   a.   [Holo   +   Gr.   (Zo\'94l.)  Same  as


   Hol`o*pho"tal  (?), a. [Holo + Gr. (Opt.) Causing no loss of light; --
   applied  to  reflectors  which  throw  back  the rays of light without
   perceptible loss.


   Hol"o*phote  (?),  n.  A lamp with lenses or reflectors to collect the
   rays  of  light  and  throw  them  in  a  given  direction; -- used in


   Hol`o*phras"tic  (?),  a.  [Holo  +  Gr. holophrastique.] Expressing a
   phrase  or  sentence  in  a  single  word,  --  as  is the case in the
   aboriginal languages of America.


   Hol`o*phyt"ic  (?),  a. [Holo + Gr. Wholly or distinctively vegetable.
   Holophytic  nutrition  (,  that  form  of nutrition, characteristic of
   vegetable organisms, in which carbonic acid, ammonia, and nitrates are
   absorbed as food, in distinction from the animal mode of nutrition, by
   the ingestion of albuminous matter.


   Hol`o*rhi"nal  (?),  a.  [Holo  +  Gr.  (Anat.) Having the nasal bones


   Hol`o*sid"er*ite  (?),  n.  [Holo + siderite.] (Min.) Meteoric iron; a
   meteorite consisting of metallic iron without stony matter.


   Ho*los"te*an (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Pertaining to the Holostei.


   Ho*los"te*i  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL., fr. Gr. "o`los whole + (Zo\'94l.) An
   extensive  division  of ganoids, including the gar pike, bowfin, etc.;
   the bony ganoids. See Illustration in Appendix.


   Hol`o*ster"ic  (?),  a.  [Holo  + Gr.stereo`s solid.] Wholly solid; --
   said  of  a  barometer  constructed  of  solid  materials  to show the
   variations  of atmospheric pressure without the use of liquids, as the


   Hol`o*stom"a*ta  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. "o`los whole + sto`ma,
   -atos,  mouth.]  (Zo\'94l.)  An  artificial  division  of  gastropods,
   including those that have an entire aperture.


   Ho*los"to*mate (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Holostomatous.


   Hol`o*stom"a*tous  (?),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having an entire aperture; --
   said of many univalve shells.


   Hol"o*stome  (?),  n. [Holo + Gr. sto`ma mouth.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the


   Ho*los"tra*ca  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A division of
   phyllopod  Crustacea,  including  those that are entirely covered by a
   bivalve shell.


   Hol"o*thure  (?),  n.  [L. holothuria, pl., a sort of water polyp, Gr.
   (Zo\'94l.) A holothurian.


   Hol`o*thu"ri*an (?), a. ( -- n. One of the Holothurioidea.

     NOTE: &hand; So me of  th e sp ecies of Holothurians are called sea
     cucumbers,  sea  slugs,  trepang,  and b\'88che de m\'8ar. Many are
     used as food, esp. by the Chinese. See Trepang.


   Hol`o*thu`ri*oi"de*a  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.  See  Holothure,  and -oid.]
   (Zo\'94l.) One of the classes of echinoderms.

     NOTE: They ha ve a  mo re or  le ss elongated body, often flattened
     beneath,  and  a  circle  of  tentacles,  which  are  usually  much
     branched, surrounding the mouth; the skin is more or less flexible,
     and  usually  contains  calcareous plates of various characteristic
     forms,  sometimes becoming large and scalelike. Most of the species
     have five bands (ambulacra) of sucker-bearing feet along the sides;
     in  others  these  are  lacking.  In  one group (Pneumonophora) two
     branching  internal  gills  are  developed;  in another (Apneumona)
     these  are  wanting.  Called  also  Holothurida,  Holothuridea, and

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   Ho*lot"ri*cha (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A group of ciliated
   Infusoria, having cilia all over the body.


   Hol"our (?), n. [OF.holier.] A whoremonger. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                 Holp, Holpen

   Holp (?), Hol"pen (?), imp. & p. p. of Help. [Obs.] Shak.


   Hol"som (?), a. Wholesome. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hol"ster (?), n. [D. holster; skin to AS. heolstor den, cave, fr.helan
   to  conceal,  and  to  Icel. hulstr case, Goth.hulistr covering, veil,
   huljan  to  cover. &root;17. See Hele to cover, Hell, and cf. Housing,
   Houss.]  A leather case for a pistol, carried by a horseman at the bow
   of his saddle<--, or worn on the person suspended from a belt-->.


   Hol"stered (?), a. Bearing holsters. Byron.


   Holt  (?),  3d  pers. sing. pres. of Hold, contr. from holdeth. [Obs.]


   Holt,  n.  [AS. holt; akin to LG.holt, D.hout, G. holz. Icel. holt; cf
   Gael. & Ir.coill wood, Gr.

   1.  A  piece  of  woodland;  especially, a woody hill. "Every holt and
   heath." Chaucer.

     She  sent  her  voice though all the holt Before her, and the park.

   2.  A deep hole in a river where there is protection for fish; also, a
   cover,  a  hole,  or  hiding  place.  "  The fox has gone to holt." C.


   Hol"we (?), a. Hollow. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Ho"ly  (?), a. [Compar. Holier (?); superl. Holiest.] [OE. holi, hali,
   AS.h\'belig,  fr.  h\'91l  health,  salvation,  happiness,  fr. h\'bel
   whole,  well;  akin to OS. h, D. & G.heilig, OHG. heilac, Dan. hellig,
   Sw. helig, Icel. heilagr. See Whole, and cf. Halibut, Halidom, Hallow,

   1.  Set  apart  to  the  service  or worship of God; hallowed; sacred;
   reserved  from profane or common use; holy vessels; a holy priesthood.
   "Holy rites and solemn feasts." Milton.

   2.  Spiritually  whole  or  sound; of unimpaired innocence and virtue;
   free   from   sinful   affections;   pure   in  heart;  godly;  pious;
   irreproachable; guiltless; acceptable to God.

     Now  through  her round of holy thought The Church our annual steps
     has brought. Keble.

   Holy  Alliance  (Hist.),  a league ostensibly for conserving religion,
   justice,  and  peace  in  Europe,  but  really  for repressing popular
   tendencies toward constitutional government, entered into by Alexander
   I.  of  Russia,  Francis  I.  of Austria, and Frederic William III. of
   Prussia,  at  Paris,  on the 26th of September, 1815, and subsequently
   joined  by  all the sovereigns of Europe, except the pope and the king
   of  England. -- Holy bark. See Cascara sagrada. -- Holy Communion. See
   Eucharist. -- Holy family (Art), a picture in which the infant Christ,
   his parents, and others of his family are represented. -- Holy Father,
   a  title  of  the pope. -- Holy Ghost (Theol.),the third person of the
   Trinity;  the  Comforter;  the Paraclete. -- Holy Grail. See Grail. --
   Holy  grass  (Bot.), a sweet-scented grass (Hierochloa borealis and H.
   alpina).  In the north of Europe it was formerly strewed before church
   doors  on  saints' days; whence the name. It is common in the northern
   and  western  parts  of  the  United  States.  Called also vanilla, OR
   Seneca,  grass.  -- Holy Innocents' day, Childermas day. -- Holy Land,
   Palestine,  the  birthplace  of  Christianity.  --  Holy  office,  the
   Inquisition.  --  Holy of holies (Script.), the innermost apartment of
   the  Jewish tabernacle or temple, where the ark was kept, and where no
   person  entered,  except the high priest once a year. -- Holy One. (a)
   The  Supreme Being; -- so called by way of emphasis. " The Holy One of
   Israel."  Is.  xliii.  14. (b) One separated to the service of God. --
   Holy  orders.  See  Order.  --  Holy  rood,  the  cross  or  crucifix,
   particularly  one  placed,  in  churches.  over  the  entrance  to the
   chancel.  --  Holy  rope, a plant, the hemp agrimony. -- Holy Saturday
   (Eccl.),  the  Saturday  immediately preceding the festival of Easter;
   the  vigil  of  Easter. -- Holy Spirit, same as Holy Ghost (above). --
   Holy Spirit plant. See Dove plant. -- Holy thistle (Bot.), the blessed
   thistle.  See  under Thistle. -- Holy Thursday. (Eccl.) (a) (Episcopal
   Ch.)  Ascension day. (b) (R. C. Ch.) The Thursday in Holy Week; Maundy
   Thursday.  --  Holy  war,  a  crusade;  an  expedition  carried  on by
   Christians  against  the  Saracens  in the Holy Land, in the eleventh,
   twelfth,  and  thirteenth  centuries,  for  the possession of the holy
   places.  --  Holy  water  (Gr. & R. C. Churches), water which has been
   blessed  by  the  priest for sacred purposes. -- Holy-water stoup, the
   stone  stoup  or  font  placed  near  the  entrance  of a church, as a
   receptacle  for  holy  water.  --  Holy  Week (Eccl.), the week before
   Easter,  in  which  the passion of our Savior is commemorated. -- Holy
   writ, the sacred Scriptures. " Word of holy writ." Wordsworth.
                                  Holy cross
   Ho"ly   cross"   (?;  115).  The  cross  as  the  symbol  of  Christ's
   crucifixion.  Congregation  of the Holy Cross (R. C. Ch.), a community
   of  lay brothers and priests, in France and the United States, engaged
   chiefly  in  teaching  and manual Labor. Originally called Brethren of
   St.  Joseph.  The  Sisters  of  the Holy Cross engage in similar work.
   Addis  &  Arnold.  --  Holy-cross  day,  the  fourteenth of September,
   observed  as  a  church  festival,  in memory of the exaltation of our
   Savior's cross.


   Ho"ly*day` (?), n.

   1. A religious festival.

   2. A secular festival; a holiday.

     NOTE: &hand; Ho liday is  the preferable and prevailing spelling in
     the second sense. The spelling holy day or holyday in often used in
     the first sense.


   Ho"ly*stone`  (?), n. (Naut.) A stone used by seamen for scrubbing the
   decks of ships. Totten.


   Ho"ly*stone`,  v. t. (Naut.) To scrub with a holystone, as the deck of
   a vessel.


   Hom"a*canth (?), a. [Homo + Gr. a spine.] (Zo\'94l.) Having the dorsal
   fin  spines  symmetrical,  and  in  the  same line; -- said of certain


   Hom"age  (?),  n.  [OF.homage,  homenage, F. hommage, LL. hominaticum,
   homenaticum,  from L. homo a man, LL. also, a client, servant, vassal;
   akin  to  L.  humus  earth,  Gr.groom  in  bridegroom. Cf. Bridegroom,

   1. (Feud. Law) A symbolical acknowledgment made by a feudal tenant to,
   and  in the presence of, his lord, on receiving investiture of fee, or
   coming to it by succession, that he was his man, or vassal; profession
   of fealty to a sovereign.

   2.  Respect or reverential regard; deference; especially, respect paid
   by external action; obeisance.

     All things in heaven and earth do her [Law] homage. Hooker.

     I sought no homage from the race that write. Pope.

   3.  Reverence  directed  to  the  Supreme  Being; reverential worship;
   devout  affection.  Chaucer.  Syn.  --  Fealty; submission; reverence;
   honor;  respect. -- Homage, Fealty. Homage was originally the act of a
   feudal  tenant  by  which he declared himself, on his knees, to be the
   hommage  or  bondman  of  the  lord;  hence the term is used to denote
   reverential  submission or respect. Fealty was originally the fidelity
   of  such  a  tenant to his lord, and hence the term denotes a faithful
   and  solemn  adherence  to the obligations we owe to superior power or
   authority.  We  pay  our homage to men of pre\'89minent usefulness and
   virtue,  and  profess  our fealty to the principles by which they have
   been guided.

     Go,  go  with  homage  yon  proud  victors meet ! Go, lie like dogs
     beneath your masters' feet ! Dryden.

     Man,  disobeying, Disloyal, breaks his fealty, and sins Against the
     high supremacy of heaven. Milton.


   Hom"age,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Homaged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Homaging.]
   [Cf. OF. hommager.]

   1. To pay reverence to by external action. [R.]

   2. To cause to pay homage. [Obs.] Cowley.


   Hom"age*a*ble  (?),  a.  [Cf.  OF.  hommageable.]  Subject  to homage.


   Hom"a*ger (?), n. [From Homage: cf. F. hommager.] One who does homage,
   or holds land of another by homage; a vassal. Bacon.


   Hom`a*lo*graph"ic (?), a. Same as Homolographic.

                             Homaloid, Homaloidal

   Hom"a*loid  (?), Hom`a*loid"al (?), a. [Gr. -oid.] (Geom.) Flat; even;
   -- a term applied to surfaces and to spaces, whether real or imagined,
   in  which the definitions, axioms, and postulates of Euclid respecting
   parallel straight lines are assumed to hold true.


   Hom"a*rus  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus  of decapod
   Crustacea, including the common lobsters. -- Hom"a*roid (#), a.


   Ho*mat"ro*pine  (?),  n.  [Homo-  +  atropine.]  (Med.)  An  alkaloid,
   prepared  from  atropine,  and  from  other  sources. It is chemically
   related to atropine, and is used for the same purpose.


   Hom`ax*o"ni*al  (?),  a. [Homo- + Gr. an axle, axis.] (Biol.) Relating
   to  that  kind of homology or symmetry, the mathematical conception of
   organic form, in which all axes are equal. See under Promorphology.


   Home (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Homelyn.


   Home  (110),  n.  [OE.  hom, ham, AS. h\'bem; akin to OS. hem, D. & G.
   heim,  Sw. hem, Dan. hiem, Icel. heimr abode, world, heima home, Goth.
   haims  village,  Lith.  k\'89mas,  and perh. to Gr.hind a peasant; cf.
   Skr.ksh abode, place of rest, security, kshi to dwell.

   1.  One's  own dwelling place; the house in which one lives; esp., the
   house  in which one lives with his family; the habitual abode of one's
   family; also, one's birthplace.

     The disciples went away again to their own home. John xx. 10.

     Home is the sacred refuge of our life. Dryden.

     Home! home! sweet, sweet home! There's no place like home. Payne.

   2.  One's  native  land; the place or country in which one dwells; the
   place  where one's ancestors dwell or dwelt. "Our old home [England]."

   3.  The  abiding  place  of the affections, especially of the domestic

     He  entered  in  his  house -- his home no more, For without hearts
     there is no home. Byron.

   4. The locality where a thing is usually found, or was first found, or
   where  it  is  naturally  abundant; habitat; seat; as, the home of the

     Her eyes are homes of silent prayer. Tennyson.

     Flandria, by plenty made the home of war. Prior.

   5.  A  place of refuge and rest; an asylum; as, a home for outcasts; a
   home  for the blind; hence, esp., the grave; the final rest; also, the
   native and eternal dwelling place of the soul.

     Man  goeth to his long home, and the mourners go about the streets.
     Eccl. xii. 5.

   6. (Baseball) The home base; he started for home.
   At  home.(a) At one's own house, or lodgings. (b) In one's own town or
   country;  as,  peace  abroad  and  at  home.  (c)  Prepared to receive
   callers.   --   Home   department,   the   department   of   executive
   administration,  by  which  the  internal  affairs  of  a  country are
   managed.  [Eng.]  To  be  at  home on any subject, to be conversant or
   familiar  with it. -- To feel at home, to be at one's ease. -- To make
   one's  self  at home, to conduct one's self with as much freedom as if
   at home. Syn. -- Tenement; house; dwelling; abode; domicile.


   Home (?), a.

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  one's  dwelling  or country; domestic; not
   foreign; as home manufactures; home comforts.

   2. Close; personal; pointed; as, a home thrust.
   Home  base  (Baseball), the base at which the batsman stands and which
   is  the  last  goal  in making a run. -- Home farm, grounds, etc., the
   farm,  grounds,  etc., adjacent to the residence of the owner. -- Home
   lot,  an  inclosed  plot  on which the owner's home stands. [U. S.] --
   Home rule, rule or government of an appendent or dependent country, as
   to  all  local and internal legislation, by means of a governing power
   vested  in  the people within the country itself, in contradistinction
   to  a government established by the dominant country; as, home rule in
   Ireland.  Also  used adjectively; as, home-rule members of Parliament.
   --  Home  ruler,  one  who  favors or advocates home rule. -- Home run
   (Baseball),  a  complete  circuit  of the bases made before the batted
   ball is returned to the home base. -- Home stretch (Sport.), that part
   of  a race course between the last curve and the winning post. -- Home
   thrust,  a  well  directed  or  effective thrust; one that wounds in a
   vital part; hence, in controversy, a personal attack.


   Home, adv.

   1.  To  one's  home or country; as in the phrases, go home, come home,
   carry home.

   2. Close; closely.

     How home the charge reaches us, has been made out. South.

     They come home to men's business and bosoms. Bacon.

   3.  To the place where it belongs; to the end of a course; to the full
   length; as, to drive a nail home; to ram a cartridge home.

     Wear thy good rapier bare and put it home. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Home is often used in the formation of compound words,
     many   of  which  need  no  special  definition;  as,  home-brewed,
     home-built, home-grown, etc.

   To bring home. See under Bring. -- To come home.(a) To touch or affect
   personally.  See  under  Come.  (b) (Naut.) To drag toward the vessel,
   instead  of  holding  firm,  as  the cable is shortened; -- said of an
   anchor.  --  To  haul  home  the sheets of a sail (Naut.), to haul the
   clews close to the sheave hole. Totten.


   Home"born` (?), a.

   1. Native; indigenous; not foreign. Donne. Pope.

   2. Of or pertaining to the home or family.

     Fireside enjoyments, homeborn happiness. Cowper.


   Home"-bound` (?), a. Kept at home.


   Home"-bred` (?), a.

   1. Bred at home; domestic; not foreign. " Home-bred mischief." Milton.

     Benignity and home-bred sense. Wordsworth.

   2. Not polished; rude; uncultivated.

     Only to me home-bred youths belong. Dryden.


   Home-com`ing (?), n. Return home.

     Kepeth  this child, al be it foul or fayr, And eek my wyf, unto myn
     hoom-cominge. Chaucer.


   Home"-driv`en (?), a. Driven to the end, as a nail; driven close.


   Home"-dwell`ing (?), a. Keeping at home.


   Home"-felt`  (?),  a.  Felt  in  one's  own  breast;  inward; private.
   "Home-felt quiet. Pope.


   Home"field` (?), n. Afield adjacent to its owner's home. Hawthorne.


   Home"-keep`ing (?), a. Staying at home; not gadding.

     Home-keeping youth have ever homely wits. Shak.


   Home"-keep`ing, n. A staying at home.


   Home"less, a. [AS.h\'bemleas.] Destitute of a home. -- Home"less*ness,


   Home"like` (?), a. Like a home; comfortable; cheerful; cozy; friendly.


   Home"li*ly (?), adv. Plainly; inelegantly. [R.]


   Home"li*ness, n. [From Homely.]

   1. Domesticity; care of home. [Obs.] "Wifely homeliness." Chaucer.

   2. Familiarity; intimacy. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   3. Plainness; want of elegance or beauty.

   4.  Coarseness;  simplicity; want of refinement; as, the homeliness of
   manners, or language. Addison.


   Home"ling  (?),  n.  A  person  or  thing  belonging to a home or to a
   particular country; a native; as, a word which is a homeling. Trench.


   Home"ly, a. [Compar. Homelier (?); superl. Homeliest.] [From Home, n.]

   1.  Belonging  to,  or  having the characteristics of, home; domestic;
   familiar; intimate. [Archaic]

     With all these men I was right homely, and communed with, them long
     and oft. Foxe.

     Their homely joys, and destiny obscure. Gray.

   2.  Plain;  unpretending; rude in appearance; unpolished; as, a homely
   garment; a homely house; homely fare; homely manners.

     Now  Strephon  daily entertains His Chloe in the homeliest strains.

   3. Of plain or coarse features; uncomely; -- contrary to handsome.

     None so homely but loves a looking-glass. South.


   Home"ly,  adv.  Plainly;  rudely;  coarsely;  as, homely dressed. [R.]


   Home"lyn  (?),  n.  [Scot.  hommelin.] (Zo\'94l) The European sand ray
   (Raia maculata); -- called also home, mirror ray, and rough ray.


   Home"made`  (?), a. Made at home; of domestic manufacture; made either
   in a private family or in one's own country. Locke.


   Ho"me*o*path  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  hom\'82opathe.]  A  practitioner  of
   homeopathy. [Written also homoeopath.]

   Page 701


   Ho`me*o*path"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. hom\'82opathique.] Of or pertaining to
   homeopathy;   according   to   the  principles  of  homeopathy.  [Also


   Ho`me*o*path"ic*al*ly   (?),   adv.   According  to  the  practice  of
   homeopathy. [Also hom\'d2pathically.]


   Ho`me*op"a*thist   (?),   n.   A  believer  in,  or  practitioner  of,
   homeopathy. [Written also hom\'d2pathist.]


   Ho*me*op"a*thy  (?),  n.  [Gr.  Same)  +  hom\'82opathie. See Pathos.]
   (Med.)  The art of curing, founded on resemblances; the theory and its
   practice  that  disease  is cured (tuto, cito, et jucunde) by remedies
   which  produce  on a healthy person effects similar to the symptoms of
   the  complaint  under  which  the  patient suffers, the remedies being
   usually  administered  in minute doses. This system was founded by Dr.
   Samuel  Hahnemann,  and  is  opposed  to  allopathy,  or  heteropathy.
   [Written also hom\'d2pathy.]


   Hom"er  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A carrier pigeon remarkable for its ability
   to return home from a distance.


   Ho"mer (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Hoemother.


   Ho"mer,  n. [Heb. kh\'d3mer.] A Hebrew measure containing, as a liquid
   measure,  ten baths, equivalent to fifty-five gallons, two quarts, one
   pint;  and,  as  a dry measure, ten ephahs, equivalent to six bushels,
   two pecks, four quarts. [Written also chomer, gomer.]


   Ho*mer"ic  (?),  a.  [L. Homericus, Gr. Of or pertaining to Homer, the
   most  famous  of  Greek poets; resembling the poetry of Homer. Homeric
   verse,  hexameter  verse;  --  so  called because used by Homer in his


   Home"sick`  (?),  a.  Pining  for  home;  in a nostalgic condition. --
   Home"sick`ness, n.


   Home"-speak`ing  (?),  n.  Direct,  forcible,  and effective speaking.


   Home"spun (?), a.

   1.  Spun  or  wrought at home; of domestic manufacture; coarse; plain.
   "Homespun country garbs." W. Irving.

   2.  Plain in manner or style; not elegant; rude; coarse. "Our homespun
   English proverb." Dryden. "Our homespun authors." Addison.


   Home"spun, n.

   1. Cloth made at home; as, he was dressed in homespun.

   2. An unpolished, rustic person. [Obs.] Shak.


   Home"stall`  (?),  n.  [AS. h\'bemsteall.] Place of a home; homestead.


   Home"stead (?), n. [AS. h\'bemstede.]

   1.  The  home  place;  a  home and the inclosure or ground immediately
   connected with it. Dryden.

   2. The home or seat of a family; place of origin.

     We can trace them back to a homestead on the Rivers Volga and Ural.
     W. Tooke.

   3. (Law) The home and appurtenant land and buildings owned by the head
   of a family, and occupied by him and his family.
   Homestead  law.  (a) A law conferring special privileges or exemptions
   upon  owners  of  homesteads;  esp.,  a law exempting a homestead from
   attachment  or sale under execution for general debts. Such laws, with
   limitations  as  to the extent or value of the property, exist in most
   of  the  States.  Called  also  homestead  exemption  law. (b) Also, a
   designation  of an Act of Congress authorizing and regulating the sale
   of  public  lands,  in  parcels of 160 acres each, to actual settlers.


   Home"stead*er (?), n. One who has entered upon a portion of the public
   land with the purpose of acquiring ownership of it under provisions of
   the homestead law, so called; one who has acquired a homestead in this
   manner. [Local, U.S.]


   Home"ward  (?),  a.  Being  in the direction of home; as, the homeward

                              Homeward, Homewards

   Home"ward (?), Home"wards (?), adv. [AS. h\'bemweard.] Toward home; in
   the  direction of one's house, town, or country. Homeward bound, bound
   for home; going homeward; as, the homeward bound fleet.


   Hom"i*ci`dal  (?),  a.  Pertaining  to  homicide; tending to homicide;


   Hom"i*cide  (?), n. [F., fr. L. homicidium, fr. homicida a man slayer;
   homo man + caedere to cut, kill. See Homage, and cf. Concise, Shed, v.

   1. The killing of one human being by another.

     NOTE: &hand; Ho micide is  of three kinds: justifiable, as when the
     killing is performed in the exercise of a right or performance of a
     duty;  excusable,  as when done, although not as duty or right, yet
     without  culpable  or  criminal intent; and felonious, or involving
     what the law terms malice; the latter may be either manslaughter or
     murder. Bouvier.

   2. One who kills another; a manslayer. Chaucer. Shak.


   Hom"i*form  (?),  a.  [L.  homo  man  +  -form.] In human form. [Obs.]


   Hom"i*lete (?), n. A homilist.

                            Homiletic, Homiletical

   Hom`i*let"ic  (?),  Hom`i*let"ic*al  (?),  a. [Gr. homil\'82tique. See

   1.   Of  or  pertaining  to  familiar  intercourse;  social;  affable;
   conversable; companionable. [R.]

     His  virtues  active,  chiefly,  and  homiletical,  not those lazy,
     sullen ones of the cloister. Atterbury.

   2. Of or pertaining to homiletics; hortatory.


   Hom`i*let"ics  (?),  n. [Cf. F. homil\'82tique.] The art of preaching;
   that  branch  of theology which treats of homilies or sermons, and the
   best method of preparing and delivering them.


   Hom"i*list  (?),  n.  One who prepares homilies; one who preaches to a


   Hom"i*lite  (?),  n. [From Gr. (Min.) A borosilicate of iron and lime,
   near datolite in form and composition.


   Hom"i*ly  (?), n.; pl. Homilies (#). [LL. homilia, Gr. hom\'82lie. See

   1.  A discourse or sermon read or pronounced to an audience; a serious
   discourse. Shak.

   2. A serious or tedious exhortation in private on some moral point, or
   on the conduct of life.

     As I have heard my father Deal out in his long homilies. Byron.

   Book  of  Homilies. A collection of authorized, printed sermons, to be
   read  by  ministers in churches, esp. one issued in the time of Edward
   VI.,  and  a  second,  issued in the reign of Elizabeth; -- both books
   being certified to contain a "godly and wholesome doctrine."


   Hom"ing  (?),  a.  Home-returning;  --  used  specifically  of carrier


   Hom"i*ny  (?),  n.  [From  North  American Indian auh\'a3minea parched
   corn.]  Maize hulled and broken, and prepared for food by being boiled
   in water. [U.S.] [Written also homony.]


   Hom"ish (?), a. Like a home or a home circle.

     Quiet, cheerful, homish hospital life. E. E. Hale.


   Hom"mock  (?),  n.  A  small eminence of a conical form, of land or of
   ice; a knoll; a hillock. See Hummock. Bartram.


   Hom"mock*y  (?),  a.  Filled  with  hommocks;  piled  in  the  form of
   hommocks; -- said of ice.


   Ho"mo-  (?).  A  combining  form  from  Gr.  "omo`s, one and the same,
   common, joint.


   Ho`mo*cat`e*gor"ic  (?),  a. [Homo- + categoric.] (Biol.) Belonging to
   the same category of individuality; -- a morphological term applied to
   organisms so related.


   Ho`mo*cen"tric (?), a. [Gr. homocentrique.] Having the same center.


   Ho`mo*cer"cal  (?),  a. [Homo- + Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Having the tail nearly
   or  quite symmetrical, the vertebral column terminating near its base;
   -- opposed to heterocercal.


   Ho"mo*cer`cy (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The possession of a homocercal tail.


   Ho`mo*cer`e*brin  (?),  n.  [Homo-  + rebrin.] (Physiol. Chem.) A body
   similar to, or identical with, cerebrin.


   Ho`mo*chro"mous  (?), a. [Homo- + Gr. (Bot.) Having all the florets in
   the same flower head of the same color.


   Ho`mo*dem"ic  (?),  a.  [Homo- + 1st deme, 2.] (Biol.) A morphological
   term  signifying  development, in the case of multicellular organisms,
   from   the   same  unit  deme  or  unit  of  the  inferior  orders  of


   Ho`mo*der"mic  (?), a. (Biol.) Relating to homodermy; originating from
   the same germ layer.


   Ho"mo*der`my (?), n. [Homo- + -derm.] (Biol.) Homology of the germinal


   Hom"o*dont  (?),  a. [Homo- + Gr. (Anat.) Having all the teeth similar
   in front, as in the porpoises; -- opposed to heterodont.

                            Homodromal, Homodromous

   Ho*mod"ro*mal (?), Ho*mod"ro*mous (?), a. [Homo- + Gr.

   1.  (Bot.)  Running  in  the  same direction; -- said of stems twining
   round  a  support,  or of the spiral succession of leaves on stems and
   their branches.

   2.  (Mech.) Moving in the same direction; -- said of a lever or pulley
   in  which  the resistance and the actuating force are both on the same
   side of the fulcrum or axis.


   Ho`mo*dy*nam"ic (?), a. Homodynamous. Quain.


   Ho`mo*dy"na*mous   (?),   a.  (Biol.)  Pertaining  to,  or  involving,
   homodynamy;  as,  successive  or  homodynamous  parts  in  plants  and


   Ho`mo*dy"na*my  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Biol.) The homology of metameres. See
   Metamere. Gegenbaur.


   Ho`m\'d2*o*me"ri*a (?), n. [L., from Gr. The state or quality of being
   homogeneous  in  elements or first principles; likeness or identity of

                        Hom\'d2omeric, Hom\'d2omerical

   Ho`m\'d2*o*mer"ic  (?), Ho`m\'d2*o*mer"ic*al (?), a. Pertaining to, or
   characterized  by,  sameness  of  parts;  receiving  or advocating the
   doctrine of homogeneity of elements or first principles.


   Ho`m\'d2*om"er*ous  (?),  a. (Anat.) Having the main artery of the leg
   parallel with the sciatic nerve; -- said of certain birds.


   Ho`m\'d2*om"e*ry  (?),  n. [Gr. -metry.] Same as Hom\'d2omeria. [Obs.]


   Ho`m\'d2*o*mor"phism (?), n. [See Hom\'d2omorphous.] A near similarity
   of   crystalline   forms   between   unlike  chemical  compounds.  See


   Ho`m\'d2*o*mor"phous (?), a. [Gr. Manifesting hom\'d2omorphism.

            Hom\'d2opathic, a., Hom\'d2opathist, n., Hom\'d2opathy

   Ho`m\'d2*o*path"ic, a., Ho`m\'d2*op"a*thist, n., Ho`m\'d2*op"a*thy, n.
   Same as Homeopathic, Homeopathist, Homeopathy.


   Ho`m\'d2*o*ther"mal (?), a. See Homoiothermal.


   Ho`m\'d2*o*zo"ic  (?), a. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Pertaining to, or including,
   similar  forms or kinds of life; as, hom\'d2ozoic belts on the earth's
   surface. E. Forbes.


   Ho*mog"a*mous  (?),  a.  [Gr.  (Bot.) Having all the flowers alike; --
   said of such composite plants as Eupatorium, and the thistels.


   Ho*mog"a*my (?), n. (Bot.) The condition of being homogamous.


   Ho`mo*gan"gli*ate  (?),  a. [Homo- + gangliate.] (Zo\'94l.) Having the
   ganglia  of  the  nervous system symmetrically arranged, as in certain
   invertebrates; -- opposed to heterogangliate.


   Ho"mo*gene  (?),  a.  [Cf.  F.  homog\'8ane.]  Homogeneous.  [Obs.] B.


   Ho`mo*ge"ne*al (?), a. Homogeneous.


   Ho`mo*ge"ne*al*ness, n. Homogeneousness.


   Ho`mo*ge*ne"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  homog\'82n\'82it\'82.]  Same  as


   Ho`mo*ge"ne*ous (?), a. [Gr. homog\'8ane. See Same, and Kin.]

   1.  Of  the  same  kind  of nature; consisting of similar parts, or of
   elements  of  the  like  nature;  --  opposed  to  heterogeneous;  as,
   homogeneous particles, elements, or principles; homogeneous bodies.

   2. (Alg.) Possessing the same number of factors of a given kind; as, a
   homogeneous polynomial.


   Ho`mo*ge"ne*ous*ness,  n.  Sameness  9kind  or  nature;  uniformity of
   structure or material.


   Ho`mo*gen"e*sis  (?),  n.  [Homo-  +  genesis.] (Biol.) That method of
   reproduction  in  which  the  successive  generations  are  alike, the
   offspring,  either  animal or plant, running through the same cycle of
   existence as the parent; gamogenesis; -- opposed to heterogenesis.


   Ho`mo*ge*net"ic  (?),  a. (Biol.) Homogenous; -- applied to that class
   of  homologies which arise from similarity of structure, and which are
   taken as evidences of common ancestry.


   Ho*mog"e*nous  (?),  a. (Biol.) Having a resemblance in structure, due
   to  descent  from  a  common  progenitor with subsequent modification;
   homogenetic; -- applied both to animals and plants. See Homoplastic.


   Ho*mog"e*ny (?), n. [Gr.

   1. Joint nature. [Obs.] Bacon.

   2.  (Biol.)  The  correspondence  of common descent; -- a term used to
   supersede homology by Lankester, who also used homoplasy to denote any
   superinduced   correspondence  of  position  and  structure  in  parts
   embryonically  distinct  (other  writers  using  the term homoplasmy).
   Thus, there is homogeny between the fore limb of a mammal and the wing
   of  a bird; but the right and left ventricles of the heart in both are
   only  in  homoplasy with each other, these having arisen independently
   since the divergence of both groups from a univentricular ancestor.


   Ho*mog"o*nous,  a. [Gr. Homogeneous.] (Bot.) Having all the flowers of
   a plant alike in respect to the stamens and pistils.


   Ho*mog"o*ny (?), n. (Bot.) The condition of having homogonous flowers.


   Hom"o*graph (?), n. [Gr. "omo`grafos with the same letters; "omo`s the
   same  +  gra`fein  to  write.]  (Philol.)  One  of  two  or more words
   identical   in  orthography,  but  having  different  derivations  and
   meanings; as, fair, n., a market, and fair, a., beautiful.


   Ho`mo*graph"ic (?), a.

   1.  Employing a single and separate character to represent each sound;
   -- said of certain methods of spelling words.

   2. (Geom.) Possessing the property of homography.


   Ho*mog"ra*phy (?), n.

   1.  That  method  of spelling in which every sound is represented by a
   single character, which indicates that sound and no other.

   2.  (Geom.)  A relation between two figures, such that to any point of
   the  one  corresponds  one  and  but  one point in the other, and vise
   versa.  Thus,  a  tangent  line  rolling  on  a  circle cuts two fixed
   tangents of the circle in two sets of points that are homographic.


   Ho*moi`op*to"ton  (?),  n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Rhet.) A figure in which the
   several  parts  of  a  sentence  end with the same case, or inflection


   Ho*moi`o*ther"mal  (?),  a.  [Gr.  thermal.]  (Physiol.) Maintaining a
   uniform  temperature;  h\'91matothermal;  homothermic;  --  applied to
   warm-bodied   animals,   because   they   maintain  a  nearly  uniform
   temperature  in  spite of the great variations in the surrounding air;
   in distinct from the cold-blooded (poikilothermal) animals, whose body
   temperature  follows  the variations in temperature of the surrounding


   Ho`moi*ou"si*an  (?), n. [Gr. "o`moios + o'ysi`a the substance, being,
   essence.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of the semi-Arians of the 4th century, who
   held  that the Son was of like, but not the same, essence or substance
   with the Father; -- opposed to homoousian.


   Ho`moi*ou"si*an, a. Of or pertaining to Homoiousians, or their belief.


   Ho*mol"o*gate  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Homologated (?); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Homologating.] [LL. homologatus, p.p. of homologare to homologate;
   Gr.  Homologous.] (Civ. Law) To approve; to allow; to confirm; as, the
   court homologates a proceeding. Wheaton.


   Ho*mol`o*ga"tion  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. homologation.] (Civ. & Scots Law)
   Confirmation  or  ratification  (as  of  something  otherwise null and
   void), by a court or a grantor.


   Ho`mo*log"ic*al  (?),  a.  Pertaining to homology; having a structural
   affinity  proceeding  from, or base upon, that kind of relation termed
   homology. -- Ho`mo*log"ic*al*ly, adv.


   Ho*mol`o*gin"ic  (?),  a.  (Chem.) Pertaining to, or characterized by,
   homology; as, homologinic qualities, or differences.


   Ho*mol"o*gize  (?),  v.  t.  (Biol.)  To  determine  the homologies or
   structural relations of.


   Ho*mol"o*gon (?), n. [NL.] See Homologue.


   Hom`o*lo*gou"me*na  (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. Homologous.] Those books
   of the New Testament which were acknowledged as canonical by the early
   church; -- distinguished from antilegomena.


   Ho*mol"o*gous   (?),  a.  [Gr.  Having  the  same  relative  position,
   proportion, value, or structure. Especially: (a) (Geom.) Corresponding
   in relative position and proportion.

     In  similar  polygons,  the corresponding sides, angles, diagonals,
     etc., are homologous. Davies & Peck (Math. Dict. ).

   (b)  (Alg.)  Having  the same relative proportion or value, as the two
   antecedents  or  the  two  consequents  of  a  proportion. (c) (Chem.)
   Characterized  by  homology;  belonging  to  the  same type or series;
   corresponding in composition and properties. See Homology,

   3.  (d)  (Biol.)  Being  of  the  same  typical structure; having like
   relations  to  a fundamental type to structure; as, those bones in the
   hand  of  man  and  the  fore  foot  of  a  horse  are homologous that
   correspond  in their structural relations, that is, in thier relations
   to the type structure of the fore limb in vertebrates.
   Homologous stimulus. (Physiol.) See under Stimulus.

   Page 702


   Hom`o*lo*graph"ic  (?),  a.  [Homo-  +  Gr.  graph  +  -ic; but cf. F.
   homalographique,   Gr.  Preserving  the  mutual  relations  of  parts,
   especially  as  to  size  and  form;  maintaining relative proportion.
   Homolographic projection, a method of constructing geographical charts
   or maps, so that the surfaces, as delineated on a plane, have the same
   relative  size  as  the  real  surfaces; that is, so that the relative
   actual  areas of the different countries are accurately represented by
   the corresponding portions of the map.


   Hom"o*logue  (?), n. [Cf. F. homologue. See Homologous.] That which is
   homologous  to  something  else; as, the corresponding sides, etc., of
   similar  polygons  are  the  homologues  of each other; the members or
   terms  of an homologous series in chemistry are the homologues of each
   other; one of the bones in the hand of man is the homologue of that in
   the paddle of a whale.


   Ho*mol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. Homologous.]

   1.  The quality of being homologous; correspondence; relation; as, the
   homologyof similar polygons.

   2.  (Biol.)  Correspondence  or  relation  in  type  of  structure  in
   contradistinction  to  similarity  of  function;  as,  the relation in
   structure between the leg and arm of a man; or that between the arm of
   a  man,  the fore leg of a horse, the wing of a bird, and the fin of a
   fish, all these organs being modifications of one type of structure.

     NOTE: &hand; Homology indicates genetic relationship, and according
     to  Haeckel special homology should be defined in terms of identity
     of embryonic origin. See Homotypy, and Homogeny.

   3.  (Chem.)  The correspondence or resemblance of substances belonging
   to  the  same type or series; a similarity of composition varying by a
   small, regular difference, and usually attended by a regular variation
   in physical properties; as, there is an homology between methane, CH4,
   ethane, C2H6, propane, C3H8, etc., all members of the paraffin series.
   In  an  extended  sense,  the  term is applied to the relation between
   chemical elements of the same group; as, chlorine, bromine, and iodine
   are said to be in homology with each other. Cf. Heterology.
   General homology (Biol.), the higher relation which a series of parts,
   or  a  single  part, bears to the fundamental or general type on which
   the   group   is   constituted.  Owen.  --  Serial  homology  (Biol.),
   representative  or  repetitive  relation  in  the segments of the same
   organism, -- as in the lobster, where the parts follow each other in a
   straight  line  or  series.  Owen.  See  Homotypy. -- Special homology
   (Biol.),  the  correspondence  of  a  part  or  organ  with those of a
   different  animal,  as determined by relative position and connection.


   Ho*mom"al*lous  (?),  a.  [Homo-  +  Gr.  (Bot.)  Uniformly bending or
   curving  to one side; -- said of leaves which grow on several sides of
   a stem.

                           Homomorphic, Homomorphous

   Ho`mo*mor"phic  (?),  Ho`mo*mor"phous  (?),  a.  [Gr. Characterized by


   Ho`mo*mor"phism (?), n. [See Homomorphous.]

   1. (Biol.) Same as Homomorphy.

   2.  (Bot.)  The possession, in one species of plants, of only one kind
   of flowers; -- opposed to heteromorphism, dimorphism, and trimorphism.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.) The possession of but one kind of larv\'91 or young, as
   in  most  insects.  <--  4.  (Math)  A  special type of mapping of one
   mathematical set into or onto another set . . . -->


   Ho"mo*mor`phy  (?),  n.  [Homo-  +  Gr.  (Biol.)  Similarity  of form;
   resemblance   in   external  characters,  while  widely  different  in
   fundamental  structure;  resemblance  in  geometric  ground  form. See
   Homophyly, Promorphology.


   Ho*mon"o*mous (?), a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to homonomy.


   Ho*mon"o*my  (?),  n.  [Homo-  +  Gr.  (Biol.)  The  homology of parts
   arranged on transverse axes. Haeckel.


   Hom"o*nym (?), n. [Cf. F. homonyme. See Homonymous.] A word having the
   same  sound  as another, but differing from it in meaning; as the noun
   bear and the verb bear. [Written also homonyme.]


   Ho*mon"y*mous (?), a. [L. homonymus, Gr. name.]

   1. Having the same name or designation; standing in the same relation;
   -- opposed to heteronymous.

   2.  Having  the  same  name  or  designation, but different meaning or
   relation; hence, equivocal; ambiguous.


   Ho*mon"y*mous*ly, adv.

   1. In an homonymous manner; so as to have the same name or relation.

   2. Equivocally; ambiguously.


   Ho*mon"y*my (?), n. [Gr. homonymie.]

   1. Sameness of name or designation; identity in relations. Holland.

     Homonymy may be as well in place as in persons. Fuller.

   2.  Sameness  of  name  or  designation of things or persons which are
   different; ambiguity.


   Ho`mo*\'94r"gan (?). [Homo- + organ.] Same as Homoplast.


   Ho`mo*ou"si*an  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Eccl. Hist.) One of those, in the 4th
   century,  who  accepted  the Nicene creed, and maintained that the Son
   had  the  same  essence  or  substance  with the Father; -- opposed to


   Ho`mo*ou"si*an,  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to the Homoousians, or to the
   doctrines they held.


   Hom"o*phone (?), n. [Cf. F. homophone. See Homophonous.]

   1.  A  letter  or character which expresses a like sound with another.

   2.  A  word having the same sound as another, but differing from it in
   meaning and usually in spelling; as, all and awl; bare and bear; rite,
   write, right, and wright.

                            Homophonic, Homophonous

   Ho`mo*phon"ic (?), Ho*moph"o*nous (?), a. [Gr. homophone.]

   1.   (Mus.)  (a)  Originally,  sounding  alike;  of  the  same  pitch;
   unisonous; monodic. (b) Now used for plain harmony, note against note,
   as  opposed  to  polyphonic  harmony,  in which the several parts move
   independently, each with its own melody.

   2.  Expressing  the  same sound by a different combination of letters;
   as, bay and bey.


   Ho*moph"o*ny (?), n. [Gr. homophonie.]

   1. Sameness of sound.

   2. (Mus.) (a) Sameness of sound; unison. (b) Plain harmony, as opposed
   to polyphony. See Homophonous.


   Ho`mo*phyl"ic (?), a. (Biol.) Relating to homophily.


   Ho*moph"y*ly (?), n. [Homo- + Gr. (Biol.) That form of homology due to
   common  ancestry (phylogenetic homology), in opposition to homomorphy,
   to which genealogic basis is wanting. Haeckel.


   Ho"mo*plas`my  (?),  n.  [Homo-  +  Gr.  (Biol.)  Resemblance  between
   different  plants  or animals, in external shape, in general habit, or
   in  organs, which is not due to descent from a common ancestor, but to
   similar surrounding circumstances.


   Hom"o*plast  (?), n. (Biol.) One of the plastids composing the idorgan
   of Haeckel; -- also called homo\'94rgan.


   Ho`mo*plas"tic  (?),  a.  [Homo-  +  plastic.]  Of  or  pertaining  to
   homoplasty; as, homoplasticorgans; homoplastic forms.


   Ho"mo*plas`ty  (?),  n.  [Homo-  +  plasty.]  (Biol.) The formation of
   homologous tissues.


   Ho*mop"la*sy (?), n. [Homo- + Gr. (Biol.) See Homogeny.


   Ho`mo*pol"ic  (?),  a.  [Homo-  +  pole.]  (Biol.)  In  promorphology,
   pertaining  to  or  exhibiting that kind of organic form, in which the
   stereometric  ground  form  is  a  pyramid,  with  similar  poles. See


   Ho*mop"ter (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Homoptera.


   Ho*mop"te*ra  (?),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) A suborder of
   Hemiptera, in which both pairs of wings are similar in texture, and do
   not overlap when folded, as in the cicada. See Hemiptera.


   Ho*mop"ter*an (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) An homopter.


   Ho*mop"ter*ous (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Homoptera.


   Ho"mo*styled  (?),  a. [Homo- + style.] (Bot.) Having only one form of
   pistils; -- said of the flowers of some plants. Darwin.


   Ho`mo*sys*tem"ic  (?),  a.  [Homo- + systemic.] (Biol.) Developing, in
   the  case  of multicellular organisms, from the same embryonic systems
   into   which   the   secondary   unit   (gastrula   or  plant  enbryo)


   Ho`mo*tax"i*a (?), n. [NL.] Same as Homotaxis.

                             Homotaxial, Homotaxic

   Ho`mo*tax"i*al   (?),   Ho`mo*tax"ic   (?),  a.  (Biol.)  Relating  to


   Ho`mo*tax"is (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Biol.) Similarly in arrangement of
   parts; -- the opposite of heterotaxy.


   Ho"mo*tax`y (?), n. Same as Homotaxis.

                           Homothermic, Homothermous

   Ho`mo*ther"mic  (?),  Ho`mo*ther"mous  (?), a. [Homo- + Gr. (Physiol.)
   Warm-blooded; homoiothermal; h\'91matothermal.


   Ho*mot"o*nous  (?),  a.  [L. homotonus, Gr. Of the same tenor or tone;
   equable; without variation.

                            Homotropal, Homotropous

   Ho*mot"ro*pal (?), Ho*mot"ro*pous (?), a. [Gr. homotrope.]

   1. Turned in the same direction with something else.

   2. (Bot.) Having the radicle of the seed directed towards the hilum.


   Ho"mo*ty`pal (?), a. (Biol.) Of the same type of structure; pertaining
   to a homotype; as, homotypal parts.


   Hom"o*type  (?),  n.  [Homo- + -type.] (Biol.) That which has the same
   fundamental type of structure with something else; thus, the right arm
   is  the  homotype  of  the  right  leg; one arm is the homotype of the
   other, etc. Owen.

                            Homotypic, Homotypical

   Ho`mo*typ"ic (?), Ho`mo*typ"ic*al (?), a. (Biol.) Same as Homotypal.


   Ho"mo*ty`py  (?),  n.  [See  Homotype.]  (Biol.)  A  term suggested by
   Haeckel to be instead of serial homology. See Homotype.


   Ho*mun"cu*lus  (?),  n.;  pl. Homunculi (#). [L., dim. of homo man.] A
   little man; a dwarf; a manikin. Sterne.


   Hond (?), n. Hand. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hone  (?),  v. i. [Etymology uncertain. &root;37.] To pine; to lament;
   to long. Lamb.


   Hone, n. [Cf. Icel. h a knob.] A kind of swelling in the cheek.


   Hone, n. [AS. h\'ben; akin to Icel. hein, OSw. hen; cf. Skr. \'87\'be,
   also \'87\'d3, \'87i, to sharpen, and E. cone. &root;38, 228.] A stone
   of  a  fine  grit,  or  a  slab, as of metal, covered with an abrading
   substance  or  powder,  used  for  sharpening cutting instruments, and
   especially  for  setting  razors;  an  oilstone. Tusser. Hone slateSee
   Polishing slate. -- Hone stone, one of several kinds of stone used for
   hones. See Novaculite.


   Hone,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Honed (?); p]. pr. & vb. n. Honing.] To
   sharpen on, or with, a hone; to rub on a hone in order to sharpen; as,
   to hone a razor.


   Hon"est   (?),   a.  [OE.  honest,  onest,  OF.  honeste,  oneste,  F.
   honn\'88te, L. honestus, fr. honos, honor, honor. See Honor.]

   1. Decent; honorable; suitable; becoming. Chaucer.

     Belong what honest clothes you send forth to bleaching! Shak.

   2.  Characterized  by  integrity or fairness and straightas, an honest
   judge  or  merchant; an honest statement; an honest bargain; an honest
   business; an honest book; an honest confession.

     An honest man's the noblest work of God. Pope.

     An  honest  physician  leaves his patient when he can contribute no
     farther to his health. Sir W. Temple.

     Look ye out among you seven men of honest report. Acts vi. 3.

     Provide things honest in the sight of all men. Rom. xii. 17.

   3. Open; frank; as, an honest countenance.

   4. Chaste; faithfuk; virtuous.

     Wives may be merry, and yet honest too. Shak.

   Syn.  --  Upright;  ingenuous; honorable; trusty; faithful; equitable;
   fair; just; rightful; sincere; frank; candid; genuine.


   Hon"est,  v.  t.  [L.  honestare to clothe or adorn with honor: cf. F.
   honester.  See  Honest,  a.]  To  adorn;  to  grace; to honor; to make
   becoming, appropriate, or honorable. [Obs.] Abp. Sandys.


   Hon`es*ta"tion  (?), n. The act of honesting; grace; adornment. [Obs.]
   W. Montagu.


   Ho*nes"te*tee (?), n. Honesty; honorableness. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hon"est*ly (?), adv.

   1. Honorably; becomingly; decently. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2.  In  an  honest  manner;  as,  a  contract  honestly  made; to live
   honestly; to speak honestly. Shak.
   To  come honestly by. (a) To get honestly. (b) A circumlocution for to
   inherit;  as,  to  come  honestly  by  a  feature,  a  mental trait, a
   Hon"es*ty  (?),  n.  [OE.  honeste,  oneste,  honor,  OF.  honest\'82,
   onest\'82 (cf. F. honn\'88tet\'82), L. honestas. See Honest, a.]
   1.  Honor;  honorableness;  dignity; propriety; suitableness; decency.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.
     She derives her honesty and achieves her goodness. Shak.
   2.  The  quality  or  state  of  being  honest;  probity; fairness and
   straightforwardness  of  conduct,  speech, etc.; integrity; sincerity;
   truthfulness; freedom from fraud or guile.

     That  we  may  lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and
     honesty. 1 Tim. ii. 2.

   3. Chastity; modesty. Chaucer.

     To lay . . . siege to the honesty of this Ford's wife. Shak.

   4. (Bot.) Satin flower; the name of two cruciferous herbs having large
   flat  pods,  the  round shining partitions of which are more beautiful
   than  the blossom; -- called also lunary and moonwort. Lunaria biennis
   is  common honesty; L. rediva is perennial honesty. Syn. -- Integrity;
   probity;   uprightness;   trustiness;  faithfulness;  honor;  justice;
   equity; fairness; candor; plain-dealing; veracity; sincerity.


   Hone"wort`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) An umbelliferous plant of the genus Sison
   (S.Amomum);  --  so  called  because  used to cure a swelling called a


   Hon"ey  (?), n. [OE. honi, huni, AS. hunig; akin to OS. honeg, D. & G.
   honig,  OHG. honag, honang, Icel. hunang, Sw. h\'86ning, Dan. honning,
   cf. Gr. kaa grain.]

   1.  A  sweet viscid fluid, esp. that collected by bees from flowers of
   plants, and deposited in the cells of the honeycomb.

   2. That which is sweet or pleasant, like honey.

     The honey of his language. Shak.

   3. Sweet one; -- a term of endearment. Chaucer.

     Honey, you shall be well desired in Cyprus. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Ho ney is  often used adjectively or as the first part
     of  compound; as, honeydew or honey dew; honey guide or honeyguide;
     honey locust or honey-locust.

   Honey  ant  (Zo\'94l.), a small ant (Myrmecocystus melliger), found in
   the  Southwestern United States, and in Mexico, living in subterranean
   formicares. There are larger and smaller ordinary workers, and others,
   which  serve  as  receptacles or cells for the storage of honey, their
   abdomens  becoming distended to the size of a currant. These, in times
   of  scarcity, regurgitate the honey and feed the rest. -- Honey badger
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  ratel.  --  Honey  bear. (Zo\'94l.) See Kinkajou. --
   Honey  buzzard  (Zo\'94l.),  a bird related to the kites, of the genus
   Pernis.  The  European  species  is P. apivorus; the Indian or crested
   honey  buzzard  is  P.  ptilorhyncha.  They  feed  upon  honey and the
   larv\'91  of  bees.  Called  also bee hawk, bee kite. -- Honey creeper
   (Zo\'94l.),  one  of  numerous  species  of  small,  bright,  colored,
   passerine  birds of the family C\'d2rebid\'91, abundant in Central and
   South  America. -- Honey easter (Zo\'94l.), one of numerous species of
   small  passerine  birds  of  the  family  Meliphagid\'91,  abundant in
   Australia  and  Oceania;  --  called also honeysucker. -- Honey flower
   (Bot.),  an  evergreen  shrub of the genus Melianthus, a native of the
   Cape  of  Good  Hope.  The  flowers  yield  much honey. -- Honey guide
   (Zo\'94l.),  one  of  several  species  of  small  birds of the family
   Indicatorid\'91,  inhabiting Africa and the East Indies. They have the
   habit  of  leading  persons  to  the  nests  to wild bees. Called also
   honeybird,  and  indicator.  --  Honey harvest, the gathering of honey
   from  hives,  or  the  honey which is gathered. Dryden. -- Honey kite.
   (Zo\'94l.)  See Honey buzzard (above). -- Honey locust (Bot.), a North
   American tree (Gleditschia triacanthos), armed with thorns, and having
   long pods with a sweet pulp between the seeds. -- Honey month. Same as
   Honeymoon. -- Honey weasel (Zo\'94l.), the ratel.

   Page 703


   Hon"ey  (?),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Honeyed  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Honeying.] To be gentle, agreeable, or coaxing; to talk fondly; to use
   endearments;   also,   to  be  or  become  obsequiously  courteous  or
   complimentary; to fawn. "Honeying and making love." Shak.

     Rough to common men, But honey at the whisper of a lord. Tennyson.


   Hon"ey, v. t. To make agreeable; to cover or sweeten with, or as with,

     Canst thou not honey me with fluent speech? Marston.


   Hon"ey-bag` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The receptacle for honey in a honeybee.
   Shak. Grew.


   Hon"ey*bee`  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any bee of the genus Apis, which lives
   in  communities  and collects honey, esp. the common domesticated hive
   bee  (Apis mellifica), the Italian bee (A. ligustica), and the Arabiab
   bee (A. fasciata). The two latter are by many entomologists considered
   only  varieties of the common hive bee. Each swarm of bees consists of
   a  large  number  of  workers  (barren females), with, ordinarily, one
   queen  or  fertile  female,  but  in the swarming season several young
   queens, and a number of males or drones, are produced.


   Hon"ey*bird` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The honey guide.


   Hon"ey*comb` (?), n. [AS. hunigcamb. See Honey, and 1st Comb.]

   1.  A  mass of hexagonal waxen cells, formed by bees, and used by them
   to hold their honey and their eggs.

   2. Any substance, as a easting of iron, a piece of worm-eaten wood, or
   of triple, etc., perforated with cells like a honeycomb.
   Honeycomb moth (Zo\'94l.), the wax moth. -- Honeycomb stomach. (Anat.)
   See Reticulum.


   Hon"ey*combed` (?), a. Formed or perforated like a honeycomb.

     Each bastion was honeycombed with casements. Motley.


   Hon"ey*dew` (?), n.

   1.  A  sweet,  saccharine  substance, found on the leaves of trees and
   other plants in small drops, like dew. Two substances have been called
   by  this  name;  one exuded from the plants, and the other secreted by
   certain insects, esp. aphids.

   2. A kind of tobacco moistened with molasses.


   Hon"eyed (?), a.

   1. Covered with honey.

   2. Sweet, as, honeyed words. Milton.


   Hon"ey*less (?), a. Destitute of honey. Shak.


   Hon"ey*moon` (?), n. The first month after marriage. Addison.


   Hon"ey-mouthed` (?), a. Soft to sweet in speech; persuasive. Shak.


   Hon"ey*stone` (?), n. See Mellite.


   Hon"ey*suck`er (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Honey eater, under Honey.


   Hon"ey*suc`kle  (?),  n.  [Cf. AS. hunis privet. See Honey, and Suck.]
   (Bot.)  One  of  several species of flowering plants, much admired for
   their beauty, and some for their fragrance.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ho neysuckles ar e pr operly species of the genus
     Lonicera;  as,  L.  Caprifolium,  and  L.  Japonica,  the  commonly
     cultivated  fragrant  kinds; L. Periclymenum, the fragrant woodbine
     of  England;  L. grata, the American woodbine, and L. sempervirens,
     the  red-flowered trumpet honeysuckle. The European fly honeysuckle
     is  L.  Xylosteum;  the  American, L. ciliata. The American Pinxter
     flower  (Azalea  nudiflora)  is  often called honeysuckle, or false
     honeysuckle.  The  name Australian honeysuckle is applied to one or
     more  trees  of  the  genus  Banksia. See French honeysuckle, under


   Hon"ey*suc`kled (?), a. Covered with honeysuckles.


   Hon"ey-sweet` (?), a. Sweet as honey. Chaucer.


   Hon"ey-tongued` (?), a. Sweet speaking; persuasive; seductive. Shak.


   Hon"ey*ware` (?), n. (Bot.) See Badderlocks.


   Hon"ey*wort`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) A European plant of the genus Cerinthe,
   whose flowers are very attractive to bees. Loudon.


   Hong  (?),  n. [Chinese hang, Canton dialect hong, a mercantile house,
   factory.]  A  mercantile establishment or factory for foreign trade in
   China,  as  formerly at Canton; a succession of offices connected by a
   common passage and used for business or storage. Hong merchant, one of
   the  few Chinese merchants who, previous to the treaty of 1842, formed
   a guild which had the exclusive privilege of trading with foreigners.


   Hong (?), v. t. & i. To hang. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hon"ied (?), a. See Honeyed.

                                 Honiton lace

   Hon"i*ton  lace` (?). A kind of pillow lace, remarkable for the beauty
   of its figures; -- so called because chiefly made in Honiton, England.


   Honk  (?),  n.  [Of  imitative  origin.]  (Zo\'94l.) The cry of a wild
   goose. -- Honk"ing, n.


   Hon"or  (?),  n.  [OE.  honor,  honour,  onour, onur, OF. honor, onor,
   honur, onur, honour, onour, F. honneur, fr. L. honor, honos.] [Written
   also honour.]

   1.   Esteem   due   or   paid  to  worth;  high  estimation;  respect;
   consideration;  reverence;  veneration;  manifestation  of  respect or

     A  prophet  is  not  without  honor, save in his own country. Matt.
     xiii. 57.

   2.  That  which rightfully attracts esteem, respect, or consideration;
   self-respect;  dignity;  courage;  fidelity; especially, excellence of
   character;  high  moral  worth;  virtue;  nobleness;  specif., in men,
   integrity; uprightness; trustworthness; in women, purity; chastity.

     If she have forgot Honor and virtue. Shak.

     Godlike erect, with native honor clad. Milton.

   3.  A nice sense of what is right, just, and true, with course of life
   correspondent  thereto;  strict  conformity  to  the  duty  imposed by
   conscience, position, or privilege.

     Say,  what  is  honor?  'T is the finest sense Of justice which the
     human  mind can frame, Intent each lurking frailty to disclaim, And
     guard   the  way  of  life  from  all  offense  Suffered  or  done.

     I  could  not  love  thee,  dear,  so much, Loved I not honor more.

   4.  That  to  which  esteem  or  consideration  is paid; distinguished
   position; high rank. "Restored me to my honors." Shak.

     I have given thee . . . both riches, and honor. 1 Kings iii. 13.

     Thou art clothed with honor and majesty. Ps. civ. 1.

   5. Fame; reputation; credit.

     Some  in  theiractions  do  woo,  and  affect honor and reputation.

     If  my  honor  is meant anything distinct from conscience, 't is no
     more than a regard to the censure and esteem of the world. Rogers.

   6.  A  token  of esteem paid to worth; a mark of respect; a ceremonial
   sign  of  consideration;  as, he wore an honor on his breast; military
   honors; civil honors. "Their funeral honors." Dryden.

   7.  A  cause of respect and fame; a glory; an excellency; an ornament;
   as, he is an honor to his nation.

   8.  A title applied to the holders of certain honorable civil offices,
   or  to  persons  of  rank;  as,  His  Honor  the Mayor. See Note under

   9.  (Feud.  Law)  A  seigniory  or lordship held of the king, on which
   other lordships and manors depended. Cowell.

   10.  pl.  Academic or university prizes or distinctions; as, honors in

   11.  pl. (Whist) The ace, king, queen, and jack of trumps. The ten and
   nine are sometimes called Dutch honors. R. A. Proctor.
   Affair  of  honor,  a  dispute  to  be  decided by a duel, or the duel
   itself.  --  Court  of  honor,  a court or tribunal to investigate and
   decide  questions relating to points of honor; as a court of chivalry,
   or  a  military  court  to  investigate  acts  or  omissions which are
   unofficerlike  or  ungentlemanly  in their nature. -- Debt of honor, a
   debt  contracted  by  a  verbal  promise,  or  by betting or gambling,
   considered  more  binding than if recoverable by law. -- Honor bright!
   An  assurance  of  truth or fidelity. [Colloq.] -- Honor court (Feudal
   Law),  one  held  in  an honor or seignory. -- Honor point. (Her.) See
   Escutcheon.  --  Honors  of  war  (Mil.),  distinctions  granted  to a
   vanquished  enemy,  as  of marching out from a camp or town armed, and
   with  colors flying. -- Law, OR Code, of honor, certain rules by which
   social  intercourse  is  regulated among persons of fashion, and which
   are founded on a regard to reputation. Paley. -- Maid of honor, a lady
   of  rank,  whose  duty  it  is to attend the queen when she appears in
   public.<--  Bride's  principle  attendant at a wedding --> -- On one's
   honor,  on  the pledge of one's honor; as, the members of the House of
   Lords  in Great Britain, are not under oath, but give their statements
   or  verdicts  on  their  honor.  --  Point of honor, a scruple or nice
   distinction in matters affecting one's honor; as, he raised a point of
   honor.  -- To do the honors, to bestow honor, as on a guest; to act as
   host or hostess at an entertainment. "To do the honors and to give the
   word." Pope. -- To do one honor, to confer distinction upon one. -- To
   have  the  honor,  to  have  the  privilege or distinction. -- Word of
   honor, an engagement confirmed by a pledge of honor.


   Hon"or,  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Honored (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Honoring.]
   [OE.  honouren,  onouren,  OF.  honorer,  honourer, F. honorer, fr. L.
   honorare, fr. honor, n.]

   1.  To  regard  or treat with honor, esteem, or respect; to revere; to
   treat  with  deference and submission; when used of the Supreme Being,
   to reverence; to adore; to worship.

     Honor thy father and thy mother. Ex. xx. 12.

     That  all  men should honor the Son, even as they honor the Father.
     John v. 23.

     It  is  a  custom  More  honor'd in the breach than the observance.

   2.  To  dignify;  to  raise  to distinction or notice; to bestow honor
   upon; to elevate in rank or station; to ennoble; to exalt; to glorify;
   hence, to do something to honor; to treat in a complimentary manner or
   with civility.

     Thus  shall it be done to the man whom the king delighten to honor.
     Esther vi. 9.

     The name of Cassius honors this corruption. Shak.

   3. (Com.) To accept and pay when due; as, to honora bill of exchange.


   Hon"or*a*ble (?), a. [F. honorable, L. honorabilis.]

   1.  Worthy  of  honor;  fit  to  be  esteemed  or regarded; estimable;

     Thy name and honorable family. Shak.

   2.  High-minded;  actuated  by  principles  of  honor, or a scrupulous
   regard to probity, rectitude, or reputation.

   3.  Proceeding  from  an  upright and laudable cause, or directed to a
   just  and proper end; not base; irreproachable; fair; as, an honorable

     Is this proceeding just and honorable? Shak.

   4. Conferring honor, or produced by noble deeds.

     Honorable wounds from battle brought. Dryden.

   5.   Worthy  of  respect;  regarded  with  esteem;  to  be  commended;
   consistent with honor or rectitude.

     Marriage is honorable in all. Heb. xiii. 4.

   6.  Performed  or accompanied with marks of honor, or with testimonies
   of esteem; an honorable burial.

   7. Of reputable association or use; respectable.

     Let her descend: my chambers are honorable. Shak.

   8. An epithet of respect or distinction; as, the honorable Senate; the
   honorable gentleman.

     NOTE: &hand; Ho norable is a title of quality, conferred by English
     usage  upon  the  younger children of earls and all the children of
     viscounts and barons. The maids of honor, lords of session, and the
     supreme  judges  of England and Ireland are entitled to the prefix.
     In  American usage, it is a title of courtesy merely, bestowed upon
     those  who  hold,  or  have held, any of the higher public offices,
     esp.  governors,  judges,  members  of  Congress  or of the Senate,

   Right honorable. See under Right.


   Hon"or*a*ble*ness, n.

   1. The state of being honorable; eminence; distinction.

   2. Conformity to the principles of honor, probity, or moral rectitude;
   fairness; uprightness; reputableness.


   Hon"or*a*bly (?), adv.

   1.  In  an  honorable manner; in a manner showing, or consistent with,

     The reverend abbot . . . honorably received him. Shak.

     Why did I not more honorably starve? Dryden.

   2.  Decently;  becomingly.  [Obs.]  "Do this message honorably." Shak.
   Syn. -- Magnanimously; generously; nobly; worthily; justly; equitably;
   fairly; reputably.

                             Honorarium, Honorary

   Hon`o*ra"ri*um  (?),  Hon"or*a*ry  (?), n. [L. honorarium (sc. donum),
   fr. honorarius. See Honorary, a.]

   1.  A  fee  offered  to  professional  men  for their services; as, an
   honorarium of one thousand dollars. S. Longfellow.

   2.  (Law)  An honorary payment, usually in recognition of services for
   which  it is not usual or not lawful to assign a fixed business price.


   Hon"or*a*ry, a. [L. honorarius, fr. honor honor: cf. F. honoraire.]

   1.  Done  as  a  sign  or  evidence  of  honor; as, honorary services.

   2.  Conferring  honor,  or  intended  merely  to  confer honor without
   emolument; as, an honorary degree. "Honorary arches." Addison.

   3.  Holding  a  title  or place without rendering service or receiving
   reward; as, an honorary member of a society.


   Hon"or*er (?), n. One who honors.


   Hon`or*if"ic  (?),  a.  [See  Honor,  -fy, and -ic.] Conferring honor;
   tending to honor. London. Spectator.


   Hon"or*less (?), a. Destitute of honor; not honored. Bp. Warburton.


   Hont (?), n. & v. See under Hunt. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hoo (?), interj.

   1. See Ho. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. Hurrah! -- an exclamation of triumphant joy. Shak.


   -hood  (?).  [OE.  hod,  had,  hed,  hede,  etc., person, rank, order,
   condition,  AS.  h\'bed;  akin  to OS. h\'c7d, OHG. heit, G. -heit, D.
   -heid,  Goth.  haidus  manner;  cf.  Skr.  k\'c7tu  brightness, cit to
   appear,  be  noticeable,  notice. &root;217. Cf. -head.] A termination
   denoting   state,  condition,  quality,  character,  totality,  as  in
   manhood,  childhood, knighthood, brotherhood. Sometimes it is written,
   chiefly in obsolete words, in the form -head.


   Hood  (?), n. [OE. hood, hod, AS. h\'d3d; akin to D. hoed hat, G. hut,
   OHG. huot, also to E. hat, and prob. to E. heed. &root;13.]

   1. State; condition. [Obs.]

     How  could thou ween, through that disguised hood To hide thy state
     from being understood? Spenser.

   2. A covering or garment for the head or the head and shoulders, often
   attached  to the body garment; especially: (a) A soft covering for the
   head, worn by women, which leaves only the face exposed. (b) A part of
   a  monk's  outer  garment, with which he covers his head; a cowl. "All
   hoods  make not monks." Shak. (c) A like appendage to a cloak or loose
   overcoat,  that  may  be  drawn  up  over the head at pleasure. (d) An
   ornamental  fold  at  the  back  of an academic gown or ecclesiastical
   vestment;  as, a master's hood. (e) A covering for a horse's head. (f)
   (Falconry)  A  covering  for  a  hawk's  head and eyes. See Illust. of

   3.  Anything resembling a hood in form or use; as: (a) The top or head
   of a carriage. (b) A chimney top, often contrived to secure a constant
   draught  by  turning  with  the  wind.  (c) A projecting cover above a
   hearth,  forming  the  upper  part of the fireplace, and confining the
   smoke  to the flue. (d) The top of a pump. (e) (Ord.) A covering for a
   mortar.  (f) (Bot.) The hood-shaped upper petal of some flowers, as of
   monkshood;  --  called  also  helmet.  Gray. (g) (Naut.) A covering or
   porch for a companion hatch.

   4. (Shipbuilding) The endmost plank of a strake which reaches the stem
   or stern.

   Page 704


   Hood (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hooded (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hooding.]

   1.  To  cover  with  a  hood;  to  furnish  with a hood or hood-shaped

     The friar hooded, and the monarch crowned. Pope.

   2. To cover; to hide; to blind.

     While  grace  is  saying, I'll hood mine eyes Thus with my hat, and
     sigh and say, "Amen." Shak.

   Hooding  end  (Shipbuilding),  the  end  of a hood where it enters the
   rabbet in the stem post or stern post.


   Hood"cap`, n. See Hooded seal, under Hooded.


   Hood"ed, a.

   1. Covered with a hood.

   2. Furnished with a hood or something like a hood.

   3.  Hood-shaped;  esp.  (Bot.),  rolled  up  like  a  cornet of paper;
   cuculate, as the spethe of the Indian turnip.

   4.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  Having  the head conspicuously different in color
   from  the rest of the plumage; -- said of birds. (b) Having a hoodlike
   crest or prominence on the head or neck; as, the hooded seal; a hooded
   Hooded  crow,  a  European crow (Corvus cornix); -- called also hoody,
   dun  crow, and royston crow. -- Hooded gull, the European black-headed
   pewit  or  gull. -- Hooded merganser. See Merganser. -- Hooded seal, a
   large North Atlantic seal (Cystophora cristata). The male has a large,
   inflatible, hoodlike sac upon the head. Called also hoodcap. -- Hooded
   sheldrake,  the  hooded merganser. See Merganser. -- Hooded snake. See
   Cobra  de capello, Asp, Haje, etc. -- Hooded warbler, a small American
   warbler (Sylvania mitrata).


   Hood"less, a. Having no hood.


   Hood"lum  (?),  n.  A  young  rowdy; a rough, lawless fellow. [Colloq.


   Hood"man   (?),   n.   The  person  blindfolded  in  the  game  called
   hoodman-blind. [Obs.] Shak.


   Hood"man-blind` (?), n. An old term for blindman's buff. Shak.

                          Hood molding Hood moulding

   Hood"  mold`ing Hood" mould`ing (?). (Arch.) A projecting molding over
   the head of an arch, forming the outermost member of the archivolt; --
   called also hood mold.


   Hoo"doo  (?),  n.  [Perh.  a var. of voodoo.] One who causes bad luck.


   Hood"wink (?), v. t. [Hood + wink.]

   1. To blind by covering the eyes.

     We will blind and hoodwink him. Shak.

   2. To cover; to hide. [Obs.] Shak.

   3.  To  deceive  by false appearance; to impose upon. "Hoodwinked with
   kindness." Sir P. Sidney.


   Hood"y  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  hooded crow; also, in Scotland, the
   hooded gull.


   Hoof  (?),  n.;  pl.  Hoofs (#), very rarely Hooves (#). [OE. hof, AS.
   h\'d3f;  akin  to  D.  hoef, G1huf, OHG. huof, Icel. h\'d3fr, Sw. hof,
   Dan. hov; cf. Russ. kopuito, Skr. \'87apha. &root;225.]

   1.  The  horny substance or case that covers or terminates the feet of
   certain animals, as horses, oxen, etc.

     On burnished hooves his war horse trode. Tennyson.

   2. A hoofed animal; a beast.

     Our  cattle  also  shall go with us; there shall not a hoof be left
     behind. Ex. x. 26.

   3. (Geom.) See Ungula.


   Hoof, v. i.

   1. To walk as cattle. [R.] William Scott.

   2. To be on a tramp; to foot. [Slang, U.S.]
   To hoof it, to foot it.


   Hoof"bound`  (?),  a.  (Far.)  Having a dry and contracted hoof, which
   occasions pain and lameness.


   Hoofed (?), a. Furnished with hoofs. Grew.


   Hoof"less (?), a. Destitute of hoofs.


   Hook  (?),  n. [OE. hok, AS. h\'d3c; cf. D. haak, G. hake, haken, OHG.
   h\'beko,  h\'bego,  h\'beggo,  Icel.  haki,  Sw.  hake, Dan. hage. Cf.
   Arquebuse, Hagbut, Hake, Hatch a half door, Heckle.]

   1.  A  piece  of  metal, or other hard material, formed or bent into a
   curve  or  at an angle, for catching, holding, or sustaining anything;
   as,  a  hook  for  catching  fish; a hook for fastening a gate; a boat
   hook, etc.

   2.  That part of a hinge which is fixed to a post, and on which a door
   or gate hangs and turns.

   3.  An  implement  for cutting grass or grain; a sickle; an instrument
   for cutting or lopping; a billhook.

     Like slashing Bentley with his desperate hook. Pope.

   4. (Steam Engin.) See Eccentric, and V-hook.

   5. A snare; a trap. [R.] Shak.

   6. A field sown two years in succession. [Prov. Eng.]

   7.  pl.  The projecting points of the thigh bones of cattle; -- called
   also hook bones.
   By  hook  or  by  crook,  one  way  or  other; by any means, direct or
   indirect.  Milton.  "In hope her to attain by hook or crook." Spenser.
   --  Off  the hooks, unhinged; disturbed; disordered. [Colloq.] "In the
   evening,  by water, to the Duke of Albemarle, whom I found mightly off
   the  hooks  that the ships are not gone out of the river." Pepys.<-- =
   out  of  joint  -->  --  On  one's  own  hook, on one's own account or
   responsibility;  by  one's self. [Colloq. U.S.] Bartlett. -- To go off
   the  hooks,  to  die.  [Colloq.]  Thackeray. -- Bid hook, a small boat
   hook.  -- Chain hook. See under Chain. -- Deck hook, a horizontal knee
   or  frame, in the bow of a ship, on which the forward part of the deck
   rests.  --  Hook  and  eye,  one of the small wire hooks and loops for
   fastening  together the opposite edges of a garment, etc. -- Hook bill
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  strongly  curved  beak  of a bird. -- Hook ladder, a
   ladder with hooks at the end by which it can be suspended, as from the
   top  of  a  wall. -- Hook motion (Steam Engin.), a valve gear which is
   reversed  by  V  hooks.  --  Hook  squid, any squid which has the arms
   furnished   with   hooks,   instead  of  suckers,  as  in  the  genera
   Enoploteuthis  and  Onychteuthis. -- Hook wrench, a wrench or spanner,
   having  a  hook  at the end, instead of a jaw, for turning a bolthead,
   nut, or coupling.


   Hook, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hooked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hooking.]

   1.  To  catch  or  fasten  with a hook or hooks; to seize, capture, or
   hold,  as with a hook, esp. with a disguised or baited hook; hence, to
   secure  by  allurement or artifice; to entrap; to catch; as, to hook a
   dress; to hook a trout.

     Hook him, my poor dear, . . . at any sacrifice. W. Collins.

   2.  To  seize  or  pierce  with  the points of the horns, as cattle in
   attacking enemies; to gore.

   3. To steal. [Colloq. Eng. & U.S.]
   To hook on, to fasten or attach by, or as by, hook.


   Hook (?), v. i. To bend; to curve as a hook.


   Hook"ah  (?),  n.  [Per.  or Ar. huqqa a round box or casket, a bottle
   through  which  the  fumes  pass  when smoking tobacco.] A pipe with a
   long,  flexible  stem,  so  arranged that the smoke is cooled by being
   made to pass through water.<-- see hubble-bubble; also water pipe -->


   Hook"-billed` (?), a. (Zo\'94l.) Having a strongly curved bill.


   Hooked (?), a.

   1. Having the form of a hookl curvated; as, the hooked bill of a bird.

   2. Provided with a hook or hooks. "The hooked chariot." Milton.


   Hook"ed*ness (?), n. The state of being bent like a hook; incurvation.


   Hook"er (?), n.

   1. One who, or that which, hooks.

   2.  (Naut.) (a) A Dutch vessel with two masts. (b) A fishing boat with
   one  mast,  used  on the coast of Ireland. (c) A sailor's contemptuous
   term for any antiquated craft.

                                Hooke's gearing

   Hooke's"  gear"ing  (?).  [So  called from the inventor.] (Mach.) Spur
   gearing  having teeth slanting across the face of the wheel, sometimes
   slanting in opposite directions from the middle.

                                 Hooke's joint

   Hooke's  joint (?). [So called from the inventor.] (Mach.) A universal
   joint. See under Universal.


   Hook"ey (?), n. See Hockey.


   Hook"let (?), n. A little hook.


   Hook"-nosed` (?), a. Having a hooked or aquiline nose. Shak.


   Hook"y (?), a. Full of hooks; pertaining to hooks.


   Hool (?), a. Whole. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hoo"lock  (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A small black gibbon (Hylobates hoolock),
   found in the mountains of Assam.


   Hoom (?), n. Home. Chaucer.


   Hoo"noo*maun  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  An  Indian  monkey.  See Entellus.
   [Written also hoonuman.]


   Hoop (?), n. [OE. hope; akin to D. hoep, hoepel.]

   1. A pliant strip of wood or metal bent in a circular form, and united
   at the ends, for holding together the staves of casks, tubs, etc.

   2.  A  ring;  a  circular  band;  anything  resembling  a hoop, as the
   cylinder (cheese hoop) in which the curd is pressed in making cheese.

   3.  A  circle, or combination of circles, of thin whalebone, metal, or
   other  elastic  material,  used  for  expanding  the skirts of ladies'
   dresses; crinoline; -- used chiefly in the plural.

     Though stiff with hoops, and armed with ribs of whale. Pope.

   4. A quart pot; -- so called because originally bound with hoops, like
   a  barrel.  Also,  a  portion of the contents measured by the distance
   between the hoops. [Obs.]

   5. An old measure of capacity, variously estimated at from one to four
   pecks. [Eng.] Halliwell.
   Bulge hoop, Chine hoop, Quarter hoop, the hoop nearest the middle of a
   cask,  that  nearest  the end, and the intermediate hoop between these
   two,  respectively.  --  Flat hoop, a wooden hoop dressed flat on both
   sides.  --  Half-round hoop, a wooden hoop left rounding and undressed
   on  the  outside.  --  Hoop iron, iron in thin narrow strips, used for
   making  hoops.  --  Hoop  lock,  the fastening for uniting the ends of
   wooden  hoops  by  notching  and  interlocking  them. -- Hoop skirt, a
   framework  of  hoops  for  expanding the skirts of a woman's dress; --
   called also hoop petticoat. -- Hoop snake (Zo\'94l.), a harmless snake
   of  the  Southern United States (Abaster erythrogrammus); -- so called
   from the mistaken notion that it curves itself into a hoop, taking its
   tail into its mouth, and rolls along with great velocity. -- Hoop tree
   (Bot.), a small West Indian tree (Melia sempervirens), of the Mahogany


   Hoop, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hooped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hooping.]

   1. To bind or fasten with hoops; as, to hoop a barrel or puncheon.

   2. To clasp; to encircle; to surround. Shak.


   Hoop  (?),  v.  i.  [OE. houpen; cf. F. houper to hoop, to shout; -- a
   hunting term, prob. fr. houp, an interj. used in calling. Cf. Whoop.]

   1.  To  utter  a loud cry, or a sound imitative of the word, by way of
   call or pursuit; to shout. [Usually written whoop.]

   2. To whoop, as in whooping cough. See Whoop.
   Hooping cough. (Med.) See Whooping cough.


   Hoop, v. t. [Written also whoop.]

   1. To drive or follow with a shout. "To be hooped out of Rome." Shak.

   2. To call by a shout or peculiar cry.


   Hoop, n.

   1. A shout; a whoop, as in whooping cough.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The hoopoe. See Hoopoe.


   Hoop"er (?), n. [See 1st Hoop.] One who hoops casks or tubs; a cooper.


   Hoop"er  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  [So called from its note.] The European
   whistling,  or  wild,  swan (Olor cygnus); -- called also hooper swan,
   whooping swan, and elk.

                                Hoopoe, Hoopoo

   Hoop"oe  (?),  Hoop"oo  (?), n. [So called from its cry; cf. L. upupa,
   Gr.  hop, F. huppe; cf. also G. wiedenhopf, OHG. wituhopfo, lit., wood
   hopper.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  European  bird of the genus Upupa (U. epops),
   having  a  beautiful crest, which it can erect or depress at pleasure.
   Called  also  hoop,  whoop.  The name is also applied to several other
   species of the same genus and allied genera. <-- Hoops. n. The game of
   basketball [Slang]. Hoopster. n. Basketball player. [Slang] -->


   Hoo"sier  (?),  n.  A  nickname given to an inhabitant of the State of
   Indiana. [U.S.]


   Hoot  (?),  v. i. [imp. & p. p. Hooted; p. pr. & vb. n. Hooting.] [OE.
   hoten,  houten,  huten;  cf.  OSw.  huta,  Sw.  huta ut to take one up
   sharply,  fr.  Sw.  hut interj., begone! cf. also W. hwt off! off with
   it! away! hoot!]

   1. To cry out or shout in contempt.

     Matrons and girls shall hoot at thee no more. Dryden.

   2. To make the peculiar cry of an owl.

     The clamorous owl that nightly hoots. Shak.


   Hoot,  v.  t.  To  assail with contemptuous cries or shouts; to follow
   with derisive shouts.

     Partridge and his clan may hoot me for a cheat. Swift.


   Hoot, n.

   1. A derisive cry or shout. Glanvill.

   2. The cry of an owl.
   Hoot  owl  (Zo\'94l.),  the barred owl (Syrnium nebulosum). See Barred


   Hoove  (?), n. [Allied to heave, hove.] A disease in cattle consisting
   in inflammation of the stomach by gas, ordinarily caused by eating too
   much green food; tympany; bloating.

                                 Hooven, Hoven

   Hoov"en (?), Ho"ven (?), a. Affected with hoove; as, hooven, or hoven,


   Hop (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Hopped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hopping (?).]
   [OE.  hoppen  to  hop,  leap,  dance, AS. hoppian; akin to Icel. & Sw.
   hoppa, Dan. hoppe, D. huppelen, G. h\'81pfen.]

   1.  To move by successive leaps, as toads do; to spring or jump on one
   foot; to skip, as birds do.

     [Birds] hopping from spray to spray. Dryden.

   2. To walk lame; to limp; to halt. Dryden.

   3. To dance. Smollett.


   Hop, n.

   1.  A  leap  on  one leg, as of a boy; a leap, as of a toad; a jump; a

   2. A dance; esp., an informal dance of ball. [Colloq.]
   Hop,  skip  (OR step), and jump, a game or athletic sport in which the
   participants  cover  as  much ground as possible by a hop, stride, and
   jump in succession. <-- just a hop, skip, and a jump away = nearby -->


   Hop,  n. [OE. hoppe; akin to D. hop, hoppe, OHG. hopfo, G. hopfen; cf.
   LL.  hupa,  W.  hopez,  Armor.  houpez,  and  Icel. humall, SW. & Dan.

   1.  (Bot.) A climbing plant (Humulus Lupulus), having a long, twining,
   annual stalk. It is cultivated for its fruit (hops).

   2.  The catkin or strobilaceous fruit of the hop, much used in brewing
   to give a bitter taste.

   3. The fruit of the dog-rose. See Hip.
   Hop  back.  (Brewing)  See  under  1st  Back.  -- Hop clover (Bot.), a
   species   of  yellow  clover  having  heads  like  hops  in  miniature
   (Trifolium  agrarium,  and  T.  procumbens). -- Hop flea (Zo\'94l.), a
   small  flea  beetle (Haltica concinna), very injurious to hops. -- Hop
   fly  (Zo\'94l.),  an  aphid  (Phorodon  humuli), very injurious to hop
   vines.  -- Hop froth fly (Zo\'94l.), an hemipterous insect (Aphrophora
   interrupta), allied to the cockoo spits. It often does great damage to
   hop  vines.  --  Hop  hornbeam  (Bot.),  an American tree of the genus
   Ostrya  (O.Virginica)  the American ironwood; also, a European species
   (O.  vulgaris).  -- Hop moth (Zo\'94l.), a moth (Hypena humuli), which
   in the larval state is very injurious to hop vines. -- Hop picker, one
   who  picks hops. -- Hop pole, a pole used to support hop vines. -- Hop
   tree  (Bot.), a small American tree (Ptelia trifoliata), having broad,
   flattened  fruit in large clusters, sometimes used as a substitute for
   hops. -- Hop vine (Bot.), the climbing vine or stalk of the hop.


   Hop, v. t. To impregnate with hops. Mortimer.


   Hop, v. i. To gather hops. [Perhaps only in the form Hopping, vb. n.]

                               Hopbine, Hopbind

   Hop"bine`  (?),  Hop"bind`  (?),  n.  The  climbing  stem  of the hop.


   Hope (?), n. [Cf. Icel. h\'d3p a small bay or inlet.]

   1. A sloping plain between mountain ridges. [Obs.]

   2. A small bay; an inlet; a haven. [Scot.] Jamieson.


   Hope, n. [AS., akin to D. hoop, hope, Sw. hopp, Dan. haab, MHG. hoffe.
   Hope  in  forlorn  hope  is  different  word.  See Forlorn hope, under

   1. A desire of some good, accompanied with an expectation of obtaining
   it,  or  a  belief  that it is obtainable; an expectation of something
   which is thought to be desirable; confidence; pleasing expectancy.

     The hypocrite's hope shall perish. Job vii. 13.

     He wished, but not with hope. Milton.

     New thoughts of God, new hopes of Heaven. Keble.

   2.   One   who,  or  that  which,  gives  hope,  furnishes  ground  of
   expectation, or promises desired good.

     The Lord will be the hope of his people. Joel iii. 16.

     A young gentleman of great hopes, whose love of learning was highly
     commendable. Macaulay.

   3. That which is hoped for; an object of hope.

     Lavina is thine elder brother's hope. Shak.


   Hope,  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Hoped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hoping.] [AS.
   hopian;  akin  to  D.  hopen, Sw. hopp, Dan. haabe, G. hoffen. See 2nd

   1.  To  entertain  or indulge hope; to cherish a desire of good, or of
   something  welcome, with expectation of obtaining it or belief that it
   is  obtainable;  to expect; -- usually followed by for. "Hope for good
   success." Jer. Taylor.

     But I will hope continually. Ps. lxxi. 14.

   2.  To  place confidence; to trust with confident expectation of good;
   -- usually followed by in. "I hope in thy word." Ps. cxix. 81.

     Why  art  thou  cast  down,  O my soul? and why art thou disquieted
     within me? Hope thou in God. Ps. xlii. 11.

   Page 705


   Hope (?), v. t.

   1.  To  desire  with  expectation or with belief in the possibility or
   prospect  of  obtaining; to look forward to as a thing desirable, with
   the expectation of obtaining it; to cherish hopes of.

     We hope no other from your majesty. Shak.

     [Charity] hopeth all things. 1 Cor. xiii. 7.

   2. To expect; to fear. [Obs.] "I hope he will be dead." Chaucer.

     NOTE: &hand; Ho   pe is   of  ten us  ed co  lloquially re  garding
     uncertainties,  with  no reference to the future. "I hope she takes
     me to be flesh and blood."

   Mrs. Centlivre.


   Hope"ful (?), a.

   1.   Full  of  hope,  or  agreeable  expectation;  inclined  to  hope;

     Men   of   their  own  natural  inclination  hopeful  and  strongly
     conceited. Hooker.

   2. Having qualities which excite hope; affording promise of good or of
   success;  as, a hopeful youth; a hopeful prospect. "Hopeful scholars."
   Addison. -- Hope"ful*ly, adv. -- Hope"ful*ness, n.


   Hope"ite  (?), n. [Named after Professor Hope, of Edinburgh.] (Min.) A
   hydrous phosphate of zinc in transparent prismatic crystals.


   Hope"less, a.

   1. Destitute of hope; having no expectation of good; despairing.

     I am a woman, friendless, hopeless. Shak.

   2.  Giving  no ground of hope; promising nothing desirable; desperate;
   as, a hopeless cause.

     The  hopelessword of "never to return" Breathe I against thee, upon
     pain of life. Shak.

   3. Unhoped for; despaired of. [Obs.] Marston. -- Hope"less*ly, adv. --
   Hope"less*ness, n.


   Hop"er (?), n. One who hopes. Swift.


   Hop"ing*ly, adv. In a hopeful manner. Hammond.


   Hop"lite  (?),  n.  [Gr. hoplite.] (Gr. Antiq.) A heavy-armed infantry
   soldier. Milford.

                          Hop-o'-my-thumb, Hop-thumb

   Hop"-o'-my-thumb"  (?),  Hop"-thumb",  n.  A  very  diminutive person.
   [Colloq.] liwell.


   Hopped (?), p. a. Impregnated with hops.


   Hop"per (?), n. [See 1st Hop.]

   1. One who, or that which, hops.

   2.  A chute, box, or receptacle, usually funnel-shaped with an opening
   at  the  lower  part,  for delivering or feeding any material, as to a
   machine; as, the wooden box with its trough through which grain passes
   into  a  mill  by  joining  or shaking, or a funnel through which fuel
   passes into a furnace, or coal, etc., into a car.

   3. (Mus.) See Grasshopper, 2.

   4. pl. A game. See Hopscotch. Johnson.

   5. (Zo\'94l.) (a) See Grasshopper, and Frog hopper, Grape hopper, Leaf
   hopper,  Tree hopper, under Frog, Grape, Leaf, and Tree. (b) The larva
   of a cheese fly.

   6.  (Naut.) A vessel for carrying waste, garbage, etc., out to sea, so
   constructed  as  to discharge its load by a mechanical contrivance; --
   called also dumping scow.
   Bell and hopper (Metal.), the apparatus at the top of a blast furnace,
   through  which the charge is introduced, while the gases are retained.
   -- Hopper boy, a rake in a mill, moving in a circle to spread meal for
   drying,  and to draw it over an opening in the floor, through which it
   falls.  --  Hopper  closet,  a water-closet, without a movable pan, in
   which  the  receptacle  is a funnel standing on a draintrap. -- Hopper
   cock, a faucet or valve for flushing the hopper of a water-closet.


   Hop"per*ings  (?), n. (Gold Washing) Gravel retaining in the hopper of
   a cradle.


   Hop`pes*tere"  (?),  a.  An  unexplained  epithet  used  by Chaucer in
   reference  to ships. By some it is defined as "dancing (on the wave)";
   by others as "opposing," "warlike." T. R. Lounsbury.


   Hop"pet (?), n.

   1.  A  hand  basket;  also,  a  dish used by miners for measuring ore.
   [Prov. Eng.]

   2. An infant in arms. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.


   Hop"ping  (?),  n. The act of one who, or that which, hops; a jumping,
   frisking,  or  dancing.  Hopping  Dick (Zo\'94l.), a thrush of Jamaica
   (Merula  leucogenys), resembling the English blackbird in its familiar
   manners, agreeable song, and dark plumage.


   Hop"ping, n. [See 3rd Hop.] A gathering of hops.


   Hop"ple (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hoppled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hoppling
   (?).] [From Hop; cf. Hobble.]

   1.  To  impede  by  a  hopple;  to  tie the feet of (a horse or a cow)
   loosely  together;  to  hamper;  to hobble; as, to hopple an unruly or
   straying horse.

   2. Fig.: To entangle; to hamper. Dr. H. More.


   Hop"ple,  n. A fetter for horses, or cattle, when turned out to graze;
   -- chiefly used in the plural.


   Hop"ple*bush` (?), n. Same as Hobblebush.


   Hop"po  (?),  n. (a) A collector of customs, as at Canton; an overseer
   of commerce. (b) A tribunal or commission having charge of the revenue
   derived   from  trade  and  navigation.  [China]  Hoppo  men,  Chinese
   customhouse officers.


   Hop"scotch`  (?), n. A child's game, in which a player, hopping on one
   foot,  drives  a  stone  from  one  compartment to another of a figure
   traced or scotched on the ground; -- called also hoppers.


   Hop"-thumb` (?), n. See Hop-o'-my-thumb.


   Hop"yard` (?), n. A field where hops are raised.


   Ho"ral (?), a. [L. horalis, fr. hora hour. See Hour.] Of or pertaining
   to an hour, or to hours. Prior.


   Ho"ra*ly (?), adv. Hourly. [Obs.]


   Ho"ra*ry  (?), a. [LL. horarius, fr. L. hora hour: cf. F. horaire. See

   1. Of or pertaining to an hour; noting the hours. Spectator.

   2. Occurring once an hour; continuing an hour; hourly; ephemeral.

     Horary, or soon decaying, fruits of summer. Sir T. Browne.

   Horary circles. See Circles.


   Ho*ra"tian  (?),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to Horace, the Latin poet, or
   resembling his style.


   Horde  (?), n. [F. horde (cf. G. horde), fr. Turk. ord, ord\'c6, camp;
   of  Tartar  origin.]  A wandering troop or gang; especially, a clan or
   tribe  of  a nomadic people migrating from place to place for the sake
   of pasturage, plunder, etc.; a predatory multitude. Thomson.


   Hor*de"ic  (?),  a.  [L.  hordeum  barley.]  (Chem.) Pertaining to, or
   derived  from, barley; as, hordeic acid, an acid identical or isomeric
   with lauric acid.


   Hor"de*in  (?),  n.  [L.  hordeum  barley.] (Chem.) A peculiar starchy
   matter contained in barley. It is complex mixture. [R.]


   Hor*de"o*lum  (?), n. [NL., fr. L. hordeolus, dim. of hordeum barley.]
   (Med.)  A small tumor upon the eyelid, resembling a grain of barley; a


   Hor"dock`  (?),  n.  An  unidentified  plant mentioned by Shakespeare,
   perhaps equivalent to burdock.


   Hore (?), a. Hoar. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hore"hound` (?), n. [OE. horehune, AS. h\'berhune; h\'ber hoar, gray +
   hune  horehound; cf. L. cunila a species of organum, GR. kn to smell.]
   (Bot.) A plant of the genus Marrubium (M. vulgare), which has a bitter
   taste,  and  is  a  weak  tonic, used as a household remedy for colds,
   coughing,  etc.  [Written  also  hoarhound.] Fetid horehound, OR Black
   horehound,  a disagreeable plant resembling horehound (Ballota nigra).
   --  Water  horehound, a species of the genus Lycopus, resembling mint,
   but not aromatic.


   Ho*ri"zon (?), n. [F., fr. L. horizon, fr. Gr.

   1. The circle which bounds that part of the earth's surface visible to
   a spectator from a given point; the apparent junction of the earth and

     And  when  the  morning sun shall raise his car Above the border of
     this horizon. Shak.

     All the horizon round Invested with bright rays. Milton.

   2.  (Astron.) (a) A plane passing through the eye of the spectator and
   at  right  angles to the vertical at a given place; a plane tangent to
   the  earth's  surface at that place; called distinctively the sensible
   horizon.  (b) A plane parallel to the sensible horizon of a place, and
   passing  through  the  earth's  center;  --  called  also  rational OR
   celestial  horizon.  (c)  (Naut.) The unbroken line separating sky and
   water, as seen by an eye at a given elevation, no land being visible.

   3. (Geol.) The epoch or time during which a deposit was made.

     The  strata all over the earth, which were formed at the same time,
     are said to belong to the same geological horizon. Le Conte.

   4.  (Painting)  The  chief  horizontal  line in a picture of any sort,
   which  determines  in  the  picture  the  height  of  the  eye  of the
   spectator; in an extended landscape, the representation of the natural
   horizon corresponds with this line.
   Apparent  horizon.  See under Apparent. -- Artificial horizon, a level
   mirror,  as  the  surface  of  mercury in a shallow vessel, or a plane
   reflector  adjusted  to  the  true level artificially; -- used chiefly
   with  the  sextant  for  observing  the double altitude of a celestial
   body. -- Celestial horizon. (Astron.) See def. 2, above. -- Dip of the
   horizon (Astron.), the vertical angle between the sensible horizon and
   a  line  to  the  visible  horizon,  the latter always being below the
   former.  -- Rational horizon, and Sensible horizon. (Astron.) See def.
   2, above. -- Visible horizon. See definitions 1 and 2, above.


   Hor`i*zon"tal (?), a. [Cf. F. horizontal.]

   1.  Pertaining  to,  or  near,  the  horizon.  "Horizontal misty air."

   2.  Parallel  to  the  horizon;  on  a  level; as, a horizontalline or

   3.  Measured  or  contained  in a plane of the horizon; as, horizontal
   Horizontal  drill,  a  drilling  machine  having  a  horizontal  drill
   spindle.   --  Horizontal  engine,  one  the  piston  of  which  works
   horizontally.  --  Horizontal  fire  (Mil.),  the fire of ordnance and
   small  arms  at  point-blank  range  or at low angles of elevation. --
   Horizontal  force  (Physics),  the horizontal component of the earth's
   magnetic force. -- Horizontal line (Descriptive Geometry & Drawing), a
   constructive  line, either drawn or imagined, which passes through the
   point of sight, and is the chief line in the projection upon which all
   verticals are fixed, and upon which all vanishing points are found. --
   Horizontal   parallax.   See   under  Parallax.  --  Horizontal  plane
   (Descriptive Geometry), a plane parallel to the horizon, upon which it
   is  assumed that objects are projected. See Projection. It is upon the
   horizontal  plane that the ground plan of the buildings is supposed to
   be  drawn.  --  Horizontal  projection,  a  projection made on a plane
   parallel  to  the horizon. -- Horizontal range (Gunnery), the distance
   in  a  horizontal  plane  to  which  a gun will throw a projectile. --
   Horizontal  water  wheel, a water wheel in which the axis is vertical,
   the  buckets  or  floats  revolving  in a horizontal plane, as in most


   Hor`i*zon*tal"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F. horizontalit\'82.] The state or
   quality of being horizontal. Kirwan.


   Hor`i*zon"tal*ly,  adv.  In  a  horizontal direction or position; on a
   level; as, moving horizontally.


   Hor`mo*go*ni"um (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A chain of small cells in
   certain alg\'91, by which the plant is propogated.


   Horn  (?),  n.  [AS.  horn; akin to D. horen, hoorn, G., Icel., Sw., &
   Dan. horn, Goth. ha\'a3rn, W., Gael., & Ir. corn, L. cornu, Gr. cheer,
   cranium,  cerebral;  cf.  Skr.  \'87iras  head. Cf. Carat, Corn on the
   foot, Cornea, Corner, Cornet, Cornucopia, Hart.]

   1.  A  hard,  projecting,  and usually pointed organ, growing upon the
   heads of certain animals, esp. of the ruminants, as cattle, goats, and
   the like. The hollow horns of the Ox family consist externally of true
   horn, and are never shed.

   2.  The  antler  of  a deer, which is of bone throughout, and annually
   shed and renewed.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  natural projection or excrescence from an animal,
   resembling  or  thought to resemble a horn in substance or form; esp.:
   (a)  A  projection  from the beak of a bird, as in the hornbill. (b) A
   tuft  of  feathers  on the head of a bird, as in the horned owl. (c) A
   hornlike  projection from the head or thorax of an insect, or the head
   of  a  reptile,  or  fish. (d) A sharp spine in front of the fins of a
   fish, as in the horned pout.

   4.  (Bot.)  An  incurved,  tapering and pointed appendage found in the
   flowers of the milkweed (Asclepias).

   5.  Something  made  of a horn, or in resemblance of a horn; as: (a) A
   wind  instrument of music; originally, one made of a horn (of an ox or
   a  ram);  now  applied  to  various elaborately wrought instruments of
   brass or other metal, resembling a horn in shape. "Wind his horn under
   the  castle  wall."  Spenser.  See  French  horn,  under French. (b) A
   drinking  cup,  or beaker, as having been originally made of the horns
   of cattle. "Horns of mead and ale." Mason. (c) The cornucopia, or horn
   of  plenty.  See  Cornucopia.  "Fruits  and flowers from Amalth\'91a's
   horn."  Milton.  (d)  A  vessel made of a horn; esp., one designed for
   containing  powder;  anciently,  a  small vessel for carrying liquids.
   "Samuel took the hornof oil and anointed him [David]." 1 Sam. xvi. 13.
   (e)  The  pointed  beak  of an anvil. (f) The high pommel of a saddle;
   also,  either of the projections on a lady's saddle for supporting the
   leg.  (g)  (Arch.)  The  Ionic  volute. (h) (Naut.) The outer end of a
   crosstree;  also,  one  of the projections forming the jaws of a gaff,
   boom,  etc.  (i)  (Carp.)  A  curved  projection on the fore part of a
   plane.  (j)  One  of the projections at the four corners of the Jewish
   altar  of  burnt offering. "Joab . . . caught hold on the horns of the
   altar." 1 Kings ii. 28.

   6. One of the curved ends of a crescent; esp., an extremity or cusp of
   the moon when crescent-shaped.

     The moon Wears a wan circle round her blunted horns. Thomson.

   7.  (Mil.)  The  curving  extremity  of  the  wing  of an army or of a
   squadron drawn up in a crescentlike form.

     Sharpening in mooned horns Their phalanx. Milton.

   8.  The  tough,  fibrous  material  of  which true horns are composed,
   being,  in  the  Ox family, chiefly albuminous, with some phosphate of
   lime;  also, any similar substance, as that which forms the hoof crust
   of horses, sheep, and cattle; as, a spoon of horn.

   9. (Script.) A symbol of strength, power, glory, exaltation, or pride.

     The Lord is . . . the horn of my salvation. Ps. xviii. 2.

   10.  An  emblem  of a cuckold; -- used chiefly in the plural. "Thicker
   than a cuckold's horn." Shak.
   Horn  block,  the  frame  or  pedestal in which a railway car axle box
   slides  up  and down; -- also called horn plate. -- Horn of a dilemma.
   See  under  Dilemma. -- Horn distemper, a disease of cattle, affecting
   the  internal  substance  of the horn. -- Horn drum, a wheel with long
   curved  scoops,  for  raising water. -- Horn lead (Chem.), chloride of
   lead.  --  Horn  maker,  a  maker  of  cuckolds.  [Obs.] Shak. -- Horn
   mercury.  (Min.)  Same  as  Horn  quicksilver  (below).  -- Horn poppy
   (Bot.),  a  plant  allied to the poppy (Glaucium luteum), found on the
   sandy  shores  of  Great  Britain  and Virginia; -- called also horned
   poppy.  Gray.  --  Horn pox (Med.), abortive smallpox with an eruption
   like  that of chicken pox. -- Horn quicksilver (Min.), native calomel,
   or  bichloride  of mercury. -- Horn shell (Zo\'94l.), any long, sharp,
   spiral, gastropod shell, of the genus Cerithium, and allied genera. --
   Horn  silver  (Min.),  cerargyrite.  --  Horn slate, a gray, siliceous
   stone.   --  To  haul  in  one's  horns,  to  withdraw  some  arrogant
   pretension.  [Colloq.]<-- = to pull in one's horns --> -- To raise, OR
   lift,  the  horn  (Script.),  to  exalt one's self; to act arrogantly.
   "'Gainst them that raised thee dost thou lift thy horn?" Milton. -- To
   take  a  horn,  to take a drink of intoxicating liquor. [Low] <-- blow
   one's  own  horn.  To  call  attention  to  one's own accomplishments.
   opposed to "hide one's light under a bushel" --> 


   Horn (?), v. t.

   1. To furnish with horns; to give the shape of a horn to.

   2. To cause to wear horns; to cuckold. [Obs.] Shak.


   Horn"beak` (?), n. A fish. See Hornfish.


   Horn"beam` (?), n. [See Beam.] (Bot.) A tree of the genus Carpinus (C.
   Americana),  having  a  smooth  gray bark and a ridged trunk, the wood
   being  white and very hard. It is common along the banks of streams in
   the  United  States, and is also called ironwood. The English hornbeam
   is C. Betulus. The American is called also blue beech and water beech.
   Hop hornbeam. (Bot.) See under Hop.


   Horn"bill` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) Any bird of the family Bucerotid\'91, of
   which  about  sixty  species  are known, belonging to numerous genera.
   They  inhabit the tropical parts of Asia, Africa, and the East Indies,
   and  are  remarkable for having a more or less horn-like protuberance,
   which is usually large and hollow and is situated on the upper side of
   the  beak.  The  size  of the hornbill varies from that of a pigeon to
   that  of  a  raven,  or even larger. They feed chiefly upon fruit, but
   some species eat dead animals.

   Page 706


   Horn"blende`  (?),  n. [G., fr. horn horn + blende blende.] (Min.) The
   common  black,  or  dark  green  or  brown, variety of amphibole. (See
   Amphibole.)  It  belongs to the aluminous division of the species, and
   is  also  characterized by its containing considerable iron. Also used
   as  a  general  term  to  include the whole species. Hornblende schist
   (Geol.), a hornblende rock of schistose structure.


   Horn*blend"ic  (?),  a.  Composed largely of hornblende; resembling or
   relating to hornblende.


   Horn"blow`er  (?),  n.  [AS.  hornbl\'bewere.] One who, or that which,
   blows a horn.


   Horn"book` (?), n.

   1.  The  first  book  for children, or that from which in former times
   they learned their letters and rudiments; -- so called because a sheet
   of horn covered the small, thin board of oak, or the slip of paper, on
   which  the alphabet, digits, and often the Lord's Prayer, were written
   or printed; a primer. "He teaches boys the hornbook." Shak.

   2.  A  book  containing  the  rudiments  of  any  science or branch of
   knowledge; a manual; a handbook.


   Horn"bug`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A large nocturnal beetle of the genus
   Lucanus  (as  L.  capreolus,  and  L. dama), having long, curved upper
   jaws,  resembling  a  sickle. The grubs are found in the trunks of old


   Horned  (?),  a.  Furnished  with  a  horn  or horns; furnished with a
   hornlike  process  or  appendage;  as, horned cattle; having some part
   shaped like a horn.

     The  horned  moon  with  one  bright  star  Within  the nether tip.

   Horned bee (Zo\'94l.), a British wild bee (Osmia bicornis), having two
   little  horns  on  the  head.  --  Horned dace (Zo\'94l.), an American
   cyprinoid fish (Semotilus corporialis) common in brooks and ponds; the
   common  chub.  See  Illust. of Chub. -- Horned frog (Zo\'94l.), a very
   large   Brazilian   frog  (Ceratophrys  cornuta),  having  a  pair  of
   triangular horns arising from the eyelids. -- Horned grebe (Zo\'94l.),
   a  species  of grebe (Colymbus auritus), of Arctic Europe and America,
   having  two  dense  tufts  of  feathers  on  the head. -- Horned horse
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  gnu.  --  Horned lark (Zo\'94l.), the shore lark. --
   Horned lizard (Zo\'94l.), the horned toad. -- Horned owl (Zo\'94l.), a
   large  North  American  owl  (Bubo  Virginianus),  having  a  pair  of
   elongated  tufts  of  feathers on the head. Several distinct varieties
   are  known;  as,  the Arctic, Western, dusky, and striped horned owls,
   differing  in  color, and inhabiting different regions; -- called also
   great  horned  owl,  horn  owl, eagle owl, and cat owl. Sometimes also
   applied  to  the long-eared owl. See Eared owl, under Eared. -- Horned
   poppy.  (Bot.)  See Horn poppy, under Horn. -- Horned pout (Zo\'94l.),
   an American fresh-water siluroid fish; the bullpout. -- Horned rattler
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  species of rattlesnake (Crotalus cerastes), inhabiting
   the  dry,  sandy  plains,  from California to Mexico. It has a pair of
   triangular  horns  between  the  eyes;  --  called also sidewinder. --
   Horned  ray  (Zo\'94l.), the sea devil. -- Horned screamer (Zo\'94l.),
   the  kamichi. -- Horned snake (Zo\'94l.), the cerastes. -- Horned toad
   (Zo\'94l.),  any  lizard of the genus Phrynosoma, of which nine or ten
   species  are  known. These lizards have several hornlike spines on the
   head,  and a broad, flat body, covered with spiny scales. They inhabit
   the dry, sandy plains from California to Mexico and Texas. Called also
   horned lizard. -- Horned viper. (Zo\'94l.) See Cerastes.


   Horn"ed*ness (?), n. The condition of being horned.


   Horn"el (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The European sand eel. [Scot.]


   Horn"er (?), n.

   1. One who works or deal in horn or horns. [R.] Grew.

   2. One who winds or blows the horn. [Obs.] Sherwood.

   3. One who horns or cuckolds. [Obs.] Massinger.

   4.   (Zo\'94l.)   The  British  sand  lance  or  sand  eel  (Ammodytes


   Hor"net  (?), n. [AS. hyrnet; akin to OHG. hornaz, hornuz, G. horniss;
   perh. akin to E. horn, and named from the sound it makes as if blowing
   the  horn;  but  more  prob.  akin  to  D. horzel, Lith. szirszone, L.
   crabo.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A large, strong wasp. The European species (Vespa
   crabro)  is  of  a dark brown and yellow color. It is very pugnacious,
   and  its  sting is very severe. Its nest is constructed of a paperlike
   material,  and  the  layers  of comb are hung together by columns. The
   American  white-faced  hornet  (V. maculata) is larger and has similar
   habits.  Hornet  fly  (Zo\'94l.),  any  dipterous  insect of the genus
   Asilus,  and  allied genera, of which there are numerous species. They
   are large and fierce flies which capture bees and other insects, often
   larger  than  themselves,  and suck their blood. Called also hawk fly,
   robber  fly. -- To stir up a hornet's nest, to provoke the attack of a
   swarm of spiteful enemies or spirited critics. [Colloq.]


   Horn"fish`  (?),  n.  [AS.  hornfisc.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The garfish or sea


   Horn"foot` (?), a. Having hoofs; hoofed.


   Horn"i*fy (?), v. t. [Horn + -fy.] To horn; to cuckold. [Obs.] Beau. &


   Horn"ing, n. Appearance of the moon when increasing, or in the form of
   a crescent. J. Gregory. Letters of horning (Scots Law), the process or
   authority  by  which  a  person,  directed by the decree of a court of
   justice  to  pay  or perform anything, is ordered to comply therewith.
   Mozley & W.


   Horn"ish, a. Somewhat like horn; hard.


   Hor*ni"to (?), n. [A dim. fr. Sp. horno oven, L. furnus. See Furnace.]
   (Geol.)  A  low,  oven-shaped  mound,  common in volcanic regions, and
   emitting smoke and vapors from its sides and summit. Humboldt.


   Horn"less (?), a. Having no horn.


   Horn"-mad` (?), a. Quite mad; -- raving crazy.

     Did I tell you about Mr. Garrick, that the town are horn-mad after?


   Hor"no*tine  (?),  n.  [L.  hornotinus  of  this  year.]  (Zo\'94l.) A
   yearling; a bird of the year.


   Horn"owl` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Horned Owl.


   Horn"pike` (?), n. The garfish. [Prov. Eng.]


   Horn"pipe`  (?), n. (Mus.) (a) An instrument of music formerly popular
   in Wales, consisting of a wooden pipe, with holes at intervals. It was
   so called because the bell at the open end was sometimes made of horn.
   (b)  A  lively  tune played on a hornpipe, for dancing; a tune adapted
   for such playing.

     Many a hornpipe he tuned to his Phyllis. Sir W. Raleigh.

   (c)  A  dance  performed,  usually  by one person, to such a tune, and
   popular among sailors.<-- = sailor's hornpipe -->


   Horn"pout` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Horned pout, under Horned.


   Horn"snake`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) A harmless snake (Farancia abacura),
   found  in the Southern United States. The color is bluish black above,
   red below.


   Horn"stone`  (?),  n.  (Min.)  A siliceous stone, a variety of quartz,
   closely resembling flint, but more brittle; -- called also chert.


   Horn"tail`  (?),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  one of family (Urocerid\'91) of
   large hyminopterous insects, allied to the sawflies. The larv\'91 bore
   in  the  wood  of trees. So called from the long, stout ovipositors of
   the females.


   Horn"work`  (?),  n.  (Fort.)  An outwork composed of two demibastions
   joined  by  a  curtain. It is connected with the works in rear by long


   Horn"wort`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  An  aquatic  plant (Ceratophyllum), with
   finely divided leaves.


   Horn"wrack` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) A bryozoan of the genus Flustra.


   Horn"y (?), a. [Compar. Hornier (?); superl. Horniest.]

   1. Having horns or hornlike projections. Gay.

   2. Composed or made of horn, or of a substance resembling horn; of the
   nature of horn. "The horny . . . coat of the eye." Ray.

   3. Hard; callous. "His horny fist." Dryden.


   Horn"y-hand`ed (?), a. Having the hands horny and callous from labor.


   Horn"y*head`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) Any North American river chub of the
   genus Hybopsis, esp. H. biguttatus.


   Ho*rog"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. -graphy: cf. F. horographie.]

   1. An account of the hours. Chaucer.

   2.  The  art  of  constructing  instruments  for  making the hours, as
   clocks, watches, and dials.


   Hor"o*loge  (?),  n.  [OE.  horologe,  orloge, timepiece, OF. horloge,
   orloge, oriloge, F. horloge, L. horologium, fr. Gr. Hour, and Logic.]

   1. A servant who called out the hours. [Obs.]

   2.  An instrument indicating the time of day; a timepiece of any kind;
   a watch, clock, or dial. Shak.


   Ho*rol"o*ger  (?),  n.  A  maker  or vender of clocks and watches; one
   skilled in horology.


   Hor`o*log"ic*al  (?),  a. [L. horologicus, Gr. Relating to a horologe,
   or to horology.


   Hor`o*lo`gi*og"ra*pher  (?),  n.  [See  Horologiography.]  A  maker of
   clocks, watches, or dials.


   Hor`o*lo`gi*o*graph"ic  (?),  a.  Of or pertaining to horologiography.


   Hor`o*lo`gi*og"ra*phy (?), n. [Gr. -graphy.]

   1. An account of instruments that show the hour.

   2. The art of constructing clocks or dials; horography.


   Ho*rol"o*gist (?), n. One versed in horology.


   Ho*rol"o*gy  (?), n. [See Horologe.] The science of measuring time, or
   the  principles  and art of constructing instruments for measuring and
   indicating portions of time, as clocks, watches, dials, etc.


   Ho*rom"e*ter (?), n. [Gr. -meter.] An instrument for measuring time.


   Hor`o*met"ric*al (?), a. Belonging to horometry.


   Ho*rom"e*try  (?),  n. [Cf. F. horom\'82trie. See Horometer.] The art,
   practice,  or  method  of  measuring  time  by  hours  and subordinate
   divisions. "The horometry of antiquity." Sir T. Browne.


   Ho*rop"ter  (?),  n.  [Gr.  (Opt.)  The  line  or surface in which are
   situated  all  the  points  which  are  seen single while the point of
   sight, or the adjustment of the eyes, remains unchanged.

     The sum of all the points which are seen single, while the point of
     sight remains unchanged, is called the horopter. J. Le Conte.


   Hor`op*ter"ic (?), a. (Opt.) Of or pertaining to the horopter.


   Hor"o*scope  (?),  n.  [F.  horoscope,  L.  horoscopus,  fr. Gr. n., a
   horoscope; Hour, and -scope.]

   1.  (Astrol.) (a) The representation made of the aspect of the heavens
   at  the  moment of a person's birth, by which the astrologer professed
   to  foretell  the events of the person's life; especially, the sign of
   the  zodiac rising above the horizon at such a moment. (b) The diagram
   or  scheme  of  twelve  houses  or signs of the zodiac, into which the
   whole  circuit  of  the  heavens  was divided for the purposes of such
   prediction of fortune.

   2. The planisphere invented by Jean Paduanus.

   3.  A  table  showing the length of the days and nights at all places.

                            Horoscoper, Horoscopist

   Hor"o*sco`per  (?), Ho*ros"co*pist (?), n. One versed in horoscopy; an


   Ho*ros"co*py (?), n.

   1.  The  art  or  practice  of  casting  horoscopes,  or observing the
   disposition of the stars, with a view to prediction events.

   2. Aspect of the stars at the time of a person's birth.


   Hor*ren"dous  (?),  a.  [L.  horrendus.] Fearful; frightful. [Obs.] I.


   Hor"rent  (?),  a.  [L.  horrens,  p.pr.  of  horrere  to bristle. See
   Horror.]  Standing  erect, as bristles; covered with bristling points;
   bristled; bristling.

     Rough and horrent with figures in strong relief. De Quincey.

     With bright emblazonry and horrent arms. Milton.


     Hor"ri*ble  (?),  a. [OE. horrible, orrible, OF. horrible, orrible,
     F. horrible, fr. L. horribilis, fr. horrere. See Horror.] Exciting,
     or tending to excite, horror or fear; dreadful; terrible; shocking;
     hideous; as, a horrible sight; a horrible story; a horrible murder.

     A dungeon horrible on all sides round. Milton.

     Syn.  --  Dreadful;  frightful; fearful; terrible; awful; terrific;
     shocking; hideous; horrid.


     Hor"ri*ble*ness,  n.  The  state  or  quality  of  being  horrible;
     dreadfulness; hideousness.

     The horribleness of the mischief. Sir P. Sidney.


     Hor"ri*bly,   adv.  In  a  manner  to  excite  horror;  dreadfully;


     Hor"rid (?), a. [L. horridus. See Horror, and cf. Ordure.]

     1. Rough; rugged; bristling. [Archaic]

     Horrid with fern, and intricate with thorn. Dryden.

     2.  Fitted  to  excite  horror; dreadful; hideous; shocking; hence,
     very offensive.

     Not in the legions Of horrid hell. Shak.

     The horrid things they say. Pope.

     Syn.  --  Frightful;  hideous; alarming; shocking; dreadful; awful;
     terrific; horrible; abominable.


     Hor"rid*ly, adv. In a horrid manner. Shak.


     Hor"rid*ness, n. The quality of being horrid.


     Hor*rif"ic (?), a. [L. horrifieus; horrere to be horrible + -ficare
     (in  comp.)  to  make: cf. F. horrifique. See Horror, -fy.] Causing
     horror; frightful.

     Let . . . nothing ghastly or horrific be supposed. I. Taylor.


     Hor`ri*fi*ca"tion  (?),  n.  That  which  causes  horror. [R.] Miss


     Hor"ri*fy  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Horrified (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
     Horrifying  (?).]  [L. horrificare. See Horrific.] To cause to feel
     horror;  to  strike or impress with horror; as, the sight horrified
     the beholders. E. Irving.


     Hor*rip`i*la"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  horripilatio,  fr. horripilare to
     bristle;   horrere   to   bristle   +   pilus   the  hair:  cf.  F.
     horripilation.]  (Med.)  A real or fancied bristling of the hair of
     the head or body, resulting from disease, terror, chilliness, etc.


     Hor*ris"o*nant (?), a. Horrisonous. [Obs.]


     Hor*ris"o*nous  (?),  a.  [L.  horrisonus; horrere to be horrible +
     sonus  a  sound.]  Sounding  dreadfully; uttering a terrible sound.
     [Obs.] Bailey.


     Hor"ror (?), n. [Formerly written horrour.] [L. horror, fr. horrere
     to  bristle,  to  shiver,  to  tremble  with  cold  or dread, to be
     dreadful or terrible; cf. Skr. h to bristle.]

     1.  A  bristling  up; a rising into roughness; tumultuous movement.

     Such  fresh  horror  as  you see driven through the wrinkled waves.

     2.  A  shaking,  shivering, or shuddering, as in the cold fit which
     precedes a fever; in old medical writings, a chill of less severity
     than a rigor, and more marked than an algor.

     3.  A  painful emotion of fear, dread, and abhorrence; a shuddering
     with  terror  and  detestation;  the  feeling inspired by something
     frightful and shocking.

     How  could  this,  in  the  sight  of  heaven,  without  horrors of
     conscience be uttered? Milton.

     4.  That  which  excites  horror  or  dread, or is horrible; gloom;

     Breathes a browner horror on the woods. Pope.

   The horrors, delirium tremens. [Colloq.]

   Page 707


   Hor"ror-stick`en (?), a. Struck with horror; horrified.

     Blank and horror-stricken faces. C. Kingsley.


   Hor"ror-struck` (?), a. Horror-stricken; horrified. M. Arnold.

                                Hors de combat

   Hors`  de  com`bat"  (?).  [F.]  Out  of  the  combat;  disabled  from
   fighting.<-- = out of action -->


   Horse  (?),  n.  [AS.  hors; akin to OS. hros, D. & OHG. ros, G. ross,
   Icel.  hross;  and  perh. to L. currere to run, E. course, current Cf.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A hoofed quadruped of the genus Equus; especially, the
   domestic horse (E. caballus), which was domesticated in Egypt and Asia
   at  a very early period. It has six broad molars, on each side of each
   jaw,  with  six  incisors, and two canine teeth, both above and below.
   The  mares  usually  have the canine teeth rudimentary or wanting. The
   horse differs from the true asses, in having a long, flowing mane, and
   the  tail  bushy  to the base. Unlike the asses it has callosities, or
   chestnuts,  on  all  its  legs.  The  horse excels in strength, speed,
   docility,  courage,  and  nobleness  of  character,  and  is  used for
   drawing, carrying, bearing a rider, and like purposes.

     NOTE: &hand; Ma ny varieties, differing in form, size, color, gait,
     speed,  etc.,  are known, but all are believed to have been derived
     from  the  same  original  species.  It  is supposed to have been a
     native  of  the  plains  of Central Asia, but the wild species from
     which  it  was  derived is not certainly known. The feral horses of
     America  are domestic horses that have run wild; and it is probably
     true  that most of those of Asia have a similar origin. Some of the
     true  wild  Asiatic horses do, however, approach the domestic horse
     in  several  characteristics. Several species of fossil (Equus) are
     known from the later Tertiary formations of Europe and America. The
     fossil  species  of  other  genera of the family Equid\'91 are also
     often called horses, in general sense.

   2.  The  male  of  the  genus horse, in distinction from the female or
   male; usually, a castrated male.

   3.  Mounted soldiery; cavalry; -- used without the plural termination;
   as, a regiment of horse; -- distinguished from foot.

     The armies were appointed, consisting of twenty-five thousand horse
     and foot. Bacon.

   4. A frame with legs, used to support something; as, a clotheshorse, a
   sawhorse, etc.

   5. A frame of timber, shaped like a horse, on which soldiers were made
   to ride for punishment.

   6. Anything, actual or figurative, on which one rides as on a horse; a

   7.  (Mining) A mass of earthy matter, or rock of the same character as
   the  wall  rock, occurring in the course of a vein, as of coal or ore;
   hence,  to  take horse -- said of a vein -- is to divide into branches
   for a distance.

   8.  (Naut.)  (a) See Footrope, a. (b) A breastband for a leadsman. (c)
   An  iron bar for a sheet traveler to slide upon. (d) A jackstay. W. C.
   Russell. Totten.

     NOTE: &hand; Ho rse is  much used adjectively and in composition to
     signify  of, or having to do with, a horse or horses, like a horse,
     etc.;  as,  horse  collar,  horse  dealer  or  horsehorsehoe, horse
     jockey;  and  hence,  often  in  the sense of strong, loud, coarse,
     etc.;  as,  horselaugh,  horse  nettle  or horse-nettle, horseplay,
     horse ant, etc.

   Black  horse,  Blood horse, etc. See under Black, etc. -- Horse aloes,
   caballine  aloes. -- Horse ant (Zo\'94l.), a large ant (Formica rufa);
   --  called  also  horse emmet. -- Horse artillery, that portion of the
   artillery  in  which  the  cannoneers  are  mounted, and which usually
   serves  with  the  cavalry;  flying artillery. -- Horse balm (Bot.), a
   strong-scented  labiate  plant  (Collinsonia Canadensis), having large
   leaves  and  yellowish flowers. -- Horse bean (Bot.), a variety of the
   English  or Windsor bean (Faba vulgaris), grown for feeding horses. --
   Horse  boat,  a  boat  for  conveying  horses  and  cattle,  or a boat
   propelled by horses. -- Horse bot. (Zo\'94l.) See Botfly, and Bots. --
   Horse  box,  a  railroad  car  for  transporting  valuable  horses, as
   hunters.  [Eng.] -- Horse breaker OR trainer, one employed in subduing
   or  training horses for use. -- Horse car. (a) A railroad car drawn by
   horses.  See  under  Car. (b) A car fitted for transporting horses. --
   Horse  cassia  (Bot.),  a  leguminous plant (Cassia Javanica), bearing
   long pods, which contain a black, catharic pulp, much used in the East
   Indies  as a horse medicine. -- Horse cloth, a cloth to cover a horse.
   --  Horse conch (Zo\'94l.), a large, spiral, marine shell of the genus
   Triton.  See  Triton.  --  Horse courser. (a) One that runs horses, or
   keeps  horses  for  racing.  Johnson.  (b)  A dealer in horses. [Obs.]
   Wiseman.  --  Horse  crab  (Zo\'94l.),  the  Limulus;  --  called also
   horsefoot,   horsehoe  crab,  and  king  crab.  --  Horse  crevall\'82
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  cavally.<--  a  type  of  fish  -->  --  Horse emmet
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  horse ant. -- Horse finch (Zo\'94l.), the chaffinch.
   [Prov.  Eng.]  --  Horse  gentian  (Bot.),  fever  root. -- Horse iron
   (Naut.),  a  large  calking  iron.  -- Horse latitudes, a space in the
   North  Atlantic famous for calms and baffling winds, being between the
   westerly  winds  of  higher  latitudes  and the trade winds. Ham. Nav.
   Encyc.  --  Horse  mackrel.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) The common tunny (Orcynus
   thunnus),  found  on  the Atlantic coast of Europe and America, and in
   the  Mediterranean.  (b)  The  bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix). (c) The
   scad.  (d) The name is locally applied to various other fishes, as the
   California  hake,  the black candlefish, the jurel, the bluefish, etc.
   -- Horse marine (Naut.), an awkward, lubbery person; one of a mythical
   body  of  marine cavalry. [Slang] -- Horse mussel (Zo\'94l.), a large,
   marine  mussel  (Modiola  modiolus),  found  on the northern shores of
   Europe  and  America.  --  Horse  nettle  (Bot.),  a  coarse, prickly,
   American  herb,  the Solanum Carolinense. -- Horse parsley. (Bot.) See
   Alexanders. -- Horse purslain (Bot.), a coarse fleshy weed of tropical
   America  (Trianthema  monogymnum).  -- Horse race, a race by horses; a
   match  of horses in running or trotting. -- Horse racing, the practice
   of racing with horses. -- Horse railroad, a railroad on which the cars
   are  drawn  by  horses;  --  in  England,  and sometimes in the United
   States,  called  a  tramway. -- Horse run (Civil Engin.), a device for
   drawing  loaded  wheelbarrows  up an inclined plane by horse power. --
   Horse  sense,  strong common sense. [Colloq. U.S.] -- Horse soldier, a
   cavalryman.  --  Horse  sponge (Zo\'94l.), a large, coarse, commercial
   sponge  (Spongia  equina). -- Horse stinger (Zo\'94l.), a large dragon
   fly.  [Prov. Eng.] -- Horse sugar (Bot.), a shrub of the southern part
   of  the  United  States (Symplocos tinctoria), whose leaves are sweet,
   and  good  for  fodder.  -- Horse tick (Zo\'94l.), a winged, dipterous
   insect  (Hippobosca equina), which troubles horses by biting them, and
   sucking  their blood; -- called also horsefly, horse louse, and forest
   fly.  --  Horse  vetch  (Bot.),  a  plant of the genus Hippocrepis (H.
   comosa),  cultivated  for  the  beauty  of its flowers; -- called also
   horsehoe  vetch, from the peculiar shape of its pods. -- Iron horse, a
   locomotive.  [Colloq.] -- Salt horse, the sailor's name for salt beef.
   --  To look a gift horse in the mouth, to examine the mouth of a horse
   which  has  been received as a gift, in order to ascertain his age; --
   hence, to accept favors in a critical and thankless spirit. Lowell. --
   To  take  horse.  (a)  To  set  out  on horseback. Macaulay. (b) To be
   covered, as a mare. (c) See definition 7 (above).


   Horse  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Horsed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Horsing.]
   [AS. horsion.]

   1.  To  provide with a horse, or with horses; to mount on, or as on, a
   horse. "Being better horsed, outrode me." Shak.

   2. To sit astride of; to bestride. Shak.

   3. To cover, as a mare; -- said of the male.

   4.  To  take  or carry on the back; as, the keeper, horsing a deer. S.

   5.  To place on the back of another, or on a wooden horse, etc., to be
   flogged; to subject to such punishment.


   Horse, v. i. To get on horseback. [Obs.] Shelton.


   Horse"back` (?), n.

   1. The back of a horse.

   2.   An   extended   ridge   of  sand,  gravel,  and  bowlders,  in  a
   half-stratified condition. Agassiz.
   On  horseback, on the back of a horse; mounted or riding on a horse or
   horses; in the saddle.

     The long journey was to be performed on horseback. Prescott.


   Horse`-chest"nut  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  (a)  The  large  nutlike seed of a
   species  of \'92sculus (\'92. Hippocastanum), formerly ground, and fed
   to  horses,  whence  the  name. (b) The tree itself, which was brought
   from  Constantinople in the beginning of the sixteenth century, and is
   now  common  in  the  temperate  zones of both hemispheres. The native
   American species are called buckeyes.


   Horse"-drench` (?), n.

   1. A dose of physic for a horse. Shak.

   2. The appliance by which the dose is administred.


   Horse"fish`  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) (a) The moonfish (Selene setipinnis).
   (b) The sauger.


   Horse"flesh` (?), n.

   1. The flesh of horses.

     The Chinese eat horseflesh at this day. Bacon.

   2.  Horses,  generally; the qualities of a horse; as, he is a judge of
   horseflesh. [Colloq.]
   Horseflesh  ore (Min.), a miner's name for bornite, in allusion to its
   peculiar reddish color on fresh facture.


   Horse"fly` (?), n.; pl. Horseflies (.

   1. (Zo\'94l.) Any dipterous fly of the family Tabanid\'91, that stings
   horses, and sucks their blood.

     NOTE: &hand; Of  th ese fl ies th ere are numerous species, both in
     Europe  and  America.  They  have a large proboscis with four sharp
     lancets  for piercing the skin. Called also breeze fly. See Illust.
     under Diptera, and Breeze fly.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The horse tick or forest fly (Hippobosca).


   Horse"foot` (?), n.; pl. Horsefeet (#).

   1. (Bot.) The coltsfoot.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The Limulus or horseshoe crab.

                                 Horse Guards

   Horse"  Guards`  (?).  (Mil.)  A  body  of  cavalry so called; esp., a
   British  regiment,  called  the  Royal  Horse  Guards, which furnishes
   guards  of  state for the sovereign. The Horse Guards, a name given to
   the former headquarters of the commander in chief of the British army,
   at Whitehall in London.


   Horse"hair` (?), n. A hair of a horse, especially one from the mane or
   tail;  the  hairs  of the mane or tail taken collectively; a fabric or
   tuft  made  of such hairs. Horsehair worm (Zo\'94l.), the hair worm or


   Horse"head` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The silver moonfish (Selene vomer).


   Horse"hide` (?), n.

   1. The hide of a horse.

   2. Leather made of the hide of a horse.


   Horse"-jock`ey (?), n.

   1. A professional rider and trainer of race horses.

   2. A trainer and dealer in horses.


   Horse"knop` (?), n. (Bot.) Knapweed.


   Horse"laugh` (?), n. A loud, boisterous laugh; a guffaw. Pope.


   Horse"-leech` (?), n.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  large  blood-sucking  leech (H\'91mopsis vorax), of
   Europe and Northern Africa. It attacks the lips and mouths of horses.

   2. A farrier; a veterinary surgeon.


   Horse"-leech`er*y  (?),  n. The business of a farrier; especially, the
   art of curing the diseases of horses.


   Horse"-lit`ter  (?),  n.  A  carriage  hung on poles, and borne by and
   between two horses. Milton.


   Horse"man (?), n.; pl. Horsemen (.

   1.  A  rider  on horseback; one skilled in the management of horses; a
   mounted man.

   2. (Mil.) A mounted soldier; a cavalryman.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A  land  crab of the genus Ocypoda, living on the
   coast  of  Brazil and the West Indies, noted for running very swiftly.
   (b)  A  West Indian fish of the genus Eques, as the light-horseman (E.


   Horse"man*ship,  n.  The  act  or  art  of riding, and of training and
   managing horses; manege.


   Horse"mint`  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  (a) A coarse American plant of the Mint
   family  (Monarda  punctata).  (b)  In  England,  the wild mint (Mentha


   Horse"nail`  (?),  n. A thin, pointed nail, with a heavy flaring head,
   for securing a horsehoe to the hoof; a horsehoe nail.


   Horse"play` (?), n. Rude, boisterous play.

     Too much given to horseplay in his raillery. Dryden.


   Horse"pond` (?), n. A pond for watering horses.

                                  Horse power

   Horse" pow`er (?).

   1. The power which a horse exerts.

   2.  (Mach.)  A  unit  of  power, used in stating the power required to
   drive  machinery,  and  in  estimating  the capabilities of animals or
   steam  engines  and other prime movers for doing work. It is the power
   required  for  the  performance  of work at the rate of 33,000 English
   units  of work per minute; hence, it is the power that must be exerted
   in  lifting  33,000  pounds at the rate of one foot per minute, or 550
   pounds at the rate of one foot per second, or 55 pounds at the rate of
   ten feet per second, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e po wer of  a  draught horse, of average strength,
     working  eight  hours  per  day, is about four fifths of a standard
     horse power.

   Brake  horse  power,  the  net  effective power of a prime mover, as a
   steam  engine,  water  wheel,  etc.,  in  horse  powers, as shown by a
   friction brake. See Friction brake, under Friction. -- Indicated horse
   power, the power exerted in the cylinder of an engine, stated in horse
   powers,  estimated  from the diameter and speed of the piston, and the
   mean  effective  pressure  upon  it  as  shown  by  an  indicator. See
   Indicator.  --  Nominal  horse  power  (Steam  Engine),  a  term still
   sometimes  used in England to express certain proportions of cylinder,
   but having no value as a standard of measurement.

   3.  A  machine worked by a horse, for driving other machinery; a horse


   Horse"-rad`ish  (?),  n.  (Bot.)  A  plant of the genus Nasturtium (N.
   Armoracia),  allied to scurvy grass, having a root of a pungent taste,
   much  used,  when  grated,  as  a  condiment  and  in  medicine. Gray.
   Horse-radish tree. (Bot.) See Moringa.


   Horse"rake` (?), n. A rake drawn by a horse.


   Horse"shoe` (?), n.

   1.  A  shoe  for  horses, consisting of a narrow plate of iron in form
   somewhat like the letter U, nailed to a horse's hoof.

   2. Anything shaped like a horsehoe crab.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) The Limulus of horsehoe crab.
   Horsehoe  head  (Med.),  an old name for the condition of the skull in
   children,  in  which  the  sutures  are  too  open, the coronal suture
   presenting  the  form of a horsehoe. Dunglison. -- Horsehoe magnet, an
   artificial  magnet  in  the  form of a horsehoe. -- Horsehoe nail. See
   Horsenail.   --   Horsehoe   nose  (Zo\'94l.),  a  bat  of  the  genus
   Rhinolophus, having a nasal fold of skin shaped like a horsehoe.


   Horse"sho`er (?), n. One who shoes horses.


   Horse"shoe`ing (?), n. The act or employment of shoeing horses.


   Horse"tail` (?), n.

   1.  (Bot.)  A leafless plant, with hollow and rushlike stems. It is of
   the  genus  Equisetum,  and  is  allied  to  the ferns. See Illust. of

   2. A Turkish standard, denoting rank.

     NOTE: &hand; Co  mmanders ar  e di stinguished by  th e nu mber of 
     horsetails  carried  before  them.  Thus, the sultan has seven, the
     grand vizier five, and the pashas three, two, or one.

   Shrubby horsetail. (Bot.) See Joint-fir.


   Horse"weed`  (?),  n.  (Bot.) A composite plant (Erigeron Canadensis),
   which is a common weed.


   Horse"whip` (?), n. A whip for horses.


   Horse"whip`, v. t. To flog or chastise with a horsewhip.


   Horse"wom`an  (?),  n.;  pl.  Horsewomen  (.  A  woman  who  rides  on


   Horse"wood`  (?),  n. (Bot.) A West Indian tree (Calliandra latifolia)
   with showy, crimson blossoms.


   Horse"worm` (?), n. The larva of a botfly.


   Hors"i*ness (?), n.

   1. The condition or quality of being a horse; that which pertains to a
   horse. Tennyson.

   2. Fondness for, or interest in, horses.


   Hors"ly (?), a. Horselike. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hors"y  (?),  a. Pertaining to, or suggestive of, a horse, or of horse
   racing;  as,  horsy manners; garments of fantastically horsy fashions.


   Hor*ta"tion  (?),  n. [L. hortatio, fr. hortari to incite, exhort, fr.
   hori  to  urge.]  The  act  of  exhorting, inciting, or giving advice;
   exhortation. [R.]


   Hor"ta*tive  (?),  a.  [L.  hortativus.] Giving exhortation; advisory;
   exhortative. Bullokar.

   Page 708


   Hor"ta*tive (?), n. An exhortation. [Obs.]


   Hor"ta*to*ry  (?),  a. [L. hortatorius.] Giving exhortation or advise;
   encouraging; exhortatory; inciting; as, a hortatory speech. Holland.


   Hor*ten"sial  (?),  a.  [L.  hortensius, hortensis, fr. hortus garden;
   akin to E. yard an inclosure.] Fit for a garden. [Obs.] Evelyn.


   Hor"ti*cul`tor  (?),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  L.  hortus  garden  +  cultor  a
   cultivator, colere to cultivate.] One who cultivates a garden.


   Hor`ti*cul"tur*al  (?), a. [Cf. F. horticultural.] Of or pertaining to
   horticulture, or the culture of gardens or orchards.


   Hor"ti*cul`ture  (?),  n.  [L. hortus garden + cultura culture: cf. F.
   horticulture.  See Yard an inclosure, and Culture.] The cultivation of
   a garden or orchard; the art of cultivating gardens or orchards.


   Hor`ti*cul"tur*ist (?), n. One who practices horticulture.


   Hor"tu*lan  (?),  a.  [L.  hortulanus;  hortus garden.] Belonging to a
   garden. [Obs.] Evelyn.

                                 Hortus siccus

   Hor"tus  sic"cus (?). [L., a dry garden.] A collection of specimens of
   plants,   dried   and   preserved,  and  arranged  systematically;  an


   Hort"yard (?), n. An orchard. [Obs.]


   Ho*san"na (?), n.; pl. Hosannas (#). [Gr. h\'d3sh\'c6'\'beh nn\'besave
   now,  save,  we pray, h\'d3sh\'c6a' to save (Hiphil, a causative form,
   of  y\'besha') + n\'be, a particle.] A Hebrew exclamation of praise to
   the  Lord,  or  an  invocation of blessings. "Hosanna to the Highest."

     Hosanna to the Son of David. Matt. xxi. 9.


   Hose  (?),  n.;  pl.  Hose,  formerly Hosen (#). [AS. hose; akin to D.
   hoos,  G.  hose breeches, OHG. hosa, Icel. hosa stocking, gather, Dan.
   hose stocking; cf. Russ. koshulia a fur jacket.]

   1.  Close-fitting  trousers or breeches, as formerly worn, reaching to
   the knee.

     These  men  were bound in their coats, their hosen, and their hats,
     and their other garments. Dan. iii. 21.

     His  youthful  hose,  well  saved,  a world too wide For his shrunk
     shank. Shak.

   2.  Covering  for  the  feet and lower part of the legs; a stocking or

   3.  A flexible pipe, made of leather, India rubber, or other material,
   and  used  for  conveying  fluids,  especially  water,  from a faucet,
   hydrant, or fire engine.
   Hose  carriage, cart, OR truck, a wheeled vehicle fitted for conveying
   hose  for  extinguishing  fires.  --  Hose  company,  a company of men
   appointed  to  bring  and  manage  hose in the extinguishing of fires.
   [U.S.]  -- Hose coupling, coupling with interlocking parts for uniting
   hose,  end  to  end.  --  Hose  wrench,  a  spanner  for  turning hose
   couplings, to unite or disconnect them.


   Ho"sen (?), n. pl. See Hose. [Archaic]


   Ho"sier (?), n. One who deals in hose or stocking, or in goods knit or
   woven like hose.


   Ho"sier*y (?), n.

   1. The business of a hosier.

   2. Stockings, in general; goods knit or woven like hose.


   Hos"pice  (?),  n.  [F.,  fr.  L. hospitium hospitality, a place where
   strangers  are  entertained,  fr.  hospes  stranger, guest. See Host a
   landlord.]  A  convent or monastery which is also a place of refuge or
   entertainment  for travelers on some difficult road or pass, as in the
   Alps; as, the Hospice of the Great St. Bernard.


   Hos"pi*ta*ble (?), a. [Cf. OF. hospitable, LL. hospitare to receive as
   a guest. See Host a landlord.]

   1.  Receiving  and  entertaining strangers or guests with kindness and
   without  reward;  kind  to  strangers  and  guests;  characterized  by
   hospitality. Shak.

   2. Proceeding from or indicating kindness and generosity to guests and
   strangers; as, hospitable rites.

     To where you taper cheers the vale With hospitable ray. Goldsmith.


   Hos"pi*ta*ble*ness,  n.  The quality of being hospitable; hospitality.


   Hos"pi*ta*bly, adv. In a hospitable manner.


   Hos"pi*tage  (?), n. [LL. hospitagium, for L. hospitium. See Hospice.]
   Hospitality. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Hos"pi*tal   (?),  n.  [OF.  hospital,  ospital,  F.  h\'93pital,  LL.
   hospitale (or perh. E. hospital is directly from the Late Latin), from
   L.  hospitalis  relating to a guest, hospitalia apartments for guests,
   fr. hospes guest. See Host a landlord, and cf. Hostel, Hotel, Spital.]

   1. A place for shelter or entertainment; an inn. [Obs.] Spenser.

   2.  A  building in which the sick, injured, or infirm are received and
   treated;  a  public  or  private institution founded for reception and
   cure,  or  for  the  refuge,  of  persons diseased in body or mind, or
   disabled,  infirm,  or dependent, and in which they are treated either
   at  their own expense, or more often by charity in whole or in part; a
   tent,  building,  or  other place where the sick or wounded of an army
   cared for.
   Hospital ship, a vessel fitted up for a floating hospital. -- Hospital
   Sunday,  a  Sunday set apart for simultaneous contribution in churches
   to hospitals; as, the London Hospital Sunday.
   Hos"pi*tal,  a.  [L. hospitalis: cf. OF. hospital.] Hospitable. [Obs.]


   Hos"pi*tal*er (?), n. [Written also hospitaller.] [F. hospitalier. See
   Hospital, and cf. Hostler.]

   1.  One residing in a hospital, for the purpose of receiving the poor,
   the sick, and strangers.

   2.  One  of  an order of knights who built a hospital at Jerusalem for
   pilgrims,  A.  D.  1042.  They  were  called  Knights  of  St. John of
   Jerusalem,  and  after  the  removal of the order to Malta, Knights of


   Hos"pi*tal*ism (?), n. (Med.) A vitiated condition of the body, due to
   long  confinement  in  a  hospital,  or  the  morbid  condition of the
   atmosphere of a hospital.


   Hos`pi*tal"i*ty  (?), n.; pl. Hospitalities (#). [L. hospitalitas: cf.
   F.  hospitalit\'82.]  The  act  or  practice of one who is hospitable;
   reception  and entertainment of strangers or guests without reward, or
   with kind and generous liberality.

     Given to hospitality. Rom. xii. 13.

     And  little  recks  to  find  the  way  to heaven By doing deeds of
     hospitality. Shak.


   Hos"pi*tal*ize  (?),  v.  t.  (Med.)  To render (a building) unfit for
   habitation, by long continued use as a hospital.


   Hos"pi*tate  (?),  v.  i.  [L.  hospitatus,  p.p. of hospitari to be a
   guest,  fr.  hospes  guest.]  To  receive  hospitality; to be a guest.
   [Obs.] Grew.


   Hos"pi*tate,  v.  t. To receive with hospitality; to lodge as a guest.
   [Obs.] Cockeram.


   Hos*pi"ti*um (?), n. [L. See Hospice.]

   1. An inn; a lodging; a hospice. [Obs.]

   2. (Law) An inn of court.


   Hos"po*dar`  (?), n. [A Slav. word; cf. Russ. gospodare lord, master.]
   A  title  borne  by the princes or governors of Moldavia and Wallachia
   before those countries were united as Roumania.


   Host  (?),  n. [LL. hostia sacrifice, victim, from hostire to strike.]
   (R.  C. Ch.) The consecrated wafer, believed to be the body of Christ,
   which  in  the  Mass is offered as a sacrifice; also, the bread before

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e La tin Vu lgate th e wo rd was applied to the
     Savior as being an offering for the sins of men.


   Host,  n.  [OE.  host,  ost,  OF. host, ost, fr. L. hostis enemy, LL.,
   army. See Guest, and cf. Host a landlord.]

   1. An army; a number of men gathered for war.

     A host so great as covered all the field. Dryden.

   2. Any great number or multitude; a throng.

     And  suddenly  there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly
     host praising God. Luke ii. 13.

     All at once I saw a crowd, A host, of golden daffodils. Wordsworth.


   Host, n. [OE. host, ost, OF. hoste, oste, F. h\'93te, from L. hospes a
   stranger  who  is  treated  as  a  guest, he who treats another as his
   guest,  a  hostl  prob. fr. hostis stranger, enemy (akin to E. guest a
   visitor)  +  potis  able;  akin to Skr. pati master, lord. See Host an
   army,  Possible,  and  cf.  Hospitable,  Hotel.]  One  who receives or
   entertains  another, whether gratuitosly or for compensation; one from
   whom  another  receives  food,  lodging, or entertainment; a landlord.
   Chaucer. "Fair host and Earl." Tennyson.

     Time  is  like a fashionable host, That slightly shakes his parting
     guest by the hand. Shak.


   Host, v. t. To give entertainment to. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Host,  v.  i.  To  lodge  at  an inn; to take up entertainment. [Obs.]
   "Where you shall host." Shak.


   Hos"tage  (?),  n. [OE. hostage, OF. hostage, ostage, F. \'93tage, LL.
   hostaticus,  ostaticum,  for  hospitaticum, fr. L. hospes guest, host.
   The  first  meaning  is, the state of a guest, hospitality; hence, the
   state of a hostage (treated as a guest); and both these meanings occur
   in  Old  French.  See  Host a landlord.] A person given as a pledge or
   security  for  the  performance  of  the  conditions  of  a  treaty or
   stipulations of any kind, on the performance of which the person is to
   be released.

     Your hostages I have, so have you mine; And we shall talk before we
     fight. Shak.

     He  that  hath  a wife and children hath given hostages to fortune.


   Hos"tel  (?), n. [OE. hostel, ostel, OF. hostel, ostel, LL. hospitale,
   hospitalis, fr. L. hospitalis. See Hospital, and cf. Hotel.]

   1. An inn. [Archaic] Poe.

     So pass I hostel, hall, and grange. Tennyson.

   2.   A  small,  unendowed  college  in  Oxford  or  Cambridge.  [Obs.]


   Hos"tel*er (?), n. [See Hostel, and cf. Hostler.]

   1. The keeper of a hostel or inn.

   2.  A  student  in  a  hostel, or small unendowed collede in Oxford or
   Cambridge. [Obs.] Fuller.


   Hos"tel*ry   (?),   n.   [OE.   hostelrie,  hostelrye,  ostelrie,  OF.
   hostelerie,  fr.  hostel.  See  Hostel.]  An  inn;  a  lodging  house.
   [Archaic] Chaucer. "Homely brought up in a rude hostelry." B. Jonson.

     Come with me to the hostelry. Longfellow.


   Host"ess (?), n. [OE. hostesse, ostesse. See Host a landlord.]

   1.  A  female  host;  a  woman who hospitably entertains guests at her
   house. Shak.

   2. A woman who entertains guests for compensation; a female innkeeper.


   Host"ess-ship,  n. The character, personality, or office of a hostess.


   Hos"tie  (?),  n.  [F. See 1st Host.] The consecrated wafer; the host.
   [Obs.] Bp. Burnet.


   Hos"tile  (?), a. [L. hostilis, from hostis enemy: cf. F. hostile. See
   Host  an  army.]  Belonging  or  appropriate  to an enemy; showing the
   disposition of an enemy; showing ill will and malevolence, or a desire
   to  thwart  and  injure;  occupied  by  an enemy or enemies; inimical;
   unfriendly;  as,  a  hostile  force;  hostile  intentions;  a  hostile
   country;  hostile  to  a  sudden  change.  Syn.  -- Warlike; inimical;
   unfriendly;   antagonistic;   opposed;  adverse;  opposite;  contrary;


   Hos"tile,  n.  An  enemy; esp., an American Indian in arms against the
   whites; -- commonly in the plural. [Colloq.] P. H. Sheridan.


   Hos"tile*ly, adv. In a hostile manner.


   Hos*til"i*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Hostilities  (#). [L. hostilitas: cf. F.

   1.  State  of  being hostile; public or private enemy; unfriendliness;

     Hostility being thus suspended with France. Hayward.

   2.  An act of an open enemy; a hostile deed; especially in the plural,
   acts of warfare; attacks of an enemy.

     We  have  showed  ourselves  generous  adversaries  .  . . and have
     carried on even our hostilities with humanity. Atterbury.

     He  who proceeds to wanton hostility, often provokes an enemy where
     he might have a friend. Crabb.

   Syn.   --   Animosity;   enmity;   opposition;  violence;  aggression;
   contention; warfare.


   Hos"til*ize  (?),  v. t. To make hostile; to cause to become an enemy.
   [Obs.] A. Seward.


   Host"ing (?), n. [From Host an army.] [Obs.]

   1. An encounter; a battle. "Fierce hosting." Milton.

   2. A muster or review. Spenser.


   Hos"tler  (?), n. [OE. hosteler, osteler, innkeeper, OF. hostelier, F.
   h\'93telier. See Hostel, and cf. Hospitaler, Hosteler.]

   1. An innkeeper. [Obs.] See Hosteler.

   2.  The  person who has the care of horses at an inn or stable; hence,
   any  one  who  takes care of horses; a groom; -- so called because the
   innkeeper formerly attended to this duty in person.

   3.  (Railroad)  The person who takes charge of a locomotive when it is
   left by the engineer after a trip.


   Host"less (?), a. Inhospitable. [Obs.] "A hostless house." Spenser.


   Host"ry  (?),  n.  [OE.  hosterie,  osterie,  OF. hosterie. See Host a

   1. A hostelry; an inn or lodging house. [Obs.] Marlowe.

   2. A stable for horses. [Obs.] Johnson.


   Hot (?), imp. & p. p. of Hote. [Obs.] Spenser.


   Hot  (?), a. [Compar. Hotter (?); superl. Hottest (?).] [OE. hot, hat,
   AS.  h\'bet;  akin  to OS. h\'c7t, D. heet, OHG. heiz, G. heiss, Icel.
   heitr,  Sw. het, Dan. heed, hed; cf. Goth. heit\'d3 fever, hais torch.
   Cf. Heat.]

   1.  Having  much  sensible  heat;  exciting the feeling of warmth in a
   great  degree;  very  warm;  -- opposed to cold, and exceeding warm in
   degree; as, a hot stove; hot water or air. "A hotvenison pasty." Shak.

   2. Characterized by heat, ardor, or animation; easily excited; firely;
   vehement; passionate; violent; eager.

     Achilles is impatient, hot, and revengeful. Dryden.

     There was mouthing in hot haste. Byron.

   3. Lustful; lewd; lecherous. Shak.

   4. Acrid; biting; pungent; as, hot as mustard.
   Hot  bed  (Iron  Manuf.), an iron platform in a rolling mill, on which
   hot  bars,  rails,  etc., are laid to cool. -- Hot wall (Gardening), a
   wall  provided  with  flues  for the conducting of heat, to hasten the
   growth  of  fruit  trees  or  the  ripening  of  fruit.  --  Hot  well
   (Condensing  Engines),  a  receptacle for the hot water drawn from the
   condenser by the air pump. This water is returned to the boiler, being
   drawn  from  the hot well by the feed pump. -- In hot water (Fig.), in
   trouble;  in  difficulties.  [Colloq.] Syn. -- Burning; fiery; fervid;
   glowing;  eager;  animated;  brisk;  vehement;  precipitate;  violent;
   furious;  ardent;  fervent;  impetuous;  irascible; passionate; hasty;


   Hot"bed` (?), n.

   1.  (Gardening)  A  bed  of earth heated by fermenting manure or other
   substances, and covered with glass, intended for raising early plants,
   or for nourishing exotics.

   2.  A  place which favors rapid growth or development; as, a hotbed of

                                   Hot blast

   Hot" blast` (?). See under Blast.


   Hot"-blood`ed  (?),  a.  Having  hot  blood; excitable; high-spirited;
   irritable; ardent; passionate.


   Hot"-brained`  (?), a. Ardent in temper; violent; rash; impetuous; as,
   hot-brained youth. Dryden.

                             Hotchpot, Hotchpotch

   Hotch"pot` (?), Hotch"potch` (?), n. [F. hochepot, fr. hocher to shake
   + pot pot; both of Dutch or German origin; cf. OD. hutspot hotchpotch,
   D. hotsen, hutsen, to shake. See Hustle, and Pot, and cf. Hodgepodge.]

   1.  A mingled mass; a confused mixture; a stew of various ingredients;
   a hodgepodge.

     A mixture or hotchpotch of many tastes. Bacon.

   2.  (Law)  A  blending  of  property for equality of division, as when
   lands given in frank-marriage to one daughter were, after the death of
   the  ancestor,  blended  with  the  lands descending to her and to her
   sisters  from  the  same  ancestor, and then divided in equal portions
   among  all  the  daughters.  In  modern  usage,  a mixing together, or
   throwing  into  a common mass or stock, of the estate left by a person
   deceased and the amounts advanced to any particular child or children,
   for  the purpose of a more equal division, or of equalizing the shares
   of  all the children; the property advanced being accounted for at its
   value when given. Bouvier. Tomlins.

     NOTE: &hand; This term has been applied in cases of salvage. Story.
     It  corresponds in a measure with collation in the civil and Scotch
     law. See Collation.

   Bouvier. Tomlins.


   Hot"coc`kles  (?),  n.  [Hot + cockle, cockle being perh. corrupt. fr.
   knuckle.  Cf.  F. main chaude (lit., hot hand) hotcockles.] A childish
   play, in which one covers his eyes, and guesses who strikes him or his
   hand placed behind him.


   Hote (?), v. t. & i. [pres. & imp. Hatte (?), Hot (, etc.; p. p. Hote,
   Hoten (, Hot, etc. See Hight, Hete.]

   1. To command; to enjoin. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.

   2. To promise. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   3. To be called; to be named. [Obs.]

     There  as  I  was wont to hote Arcite, Now hight I Philostrate, not
     worth a mite. Chaucer.


   Ho*tel" (?), n. [F. h\'93tel, OF. hostel. See Hostel.]

   1.  A  house for entertaining strangers or travelers; an inn or public
   house, of the better class.

   2.  In  France,  the  mansion or town residence of a person of rank or


   H\'93tel`-de-ville" (?), n. [F.] A city hall or townhouse.


   H\'93tel`-Dieu" (?), n. [F.] A hospital.


   Hot"en (?), p. p. of Hote.


   Hot"foot` (?), adv. In haste; foothot. [Colloq.]


   Hot"-head`  (?), n. A violent, passionate person; a hasty or impetuous
   person; as, the rant of a hot-head.


   Hot"-head`ed,  a.  Fiery;  violent;  rash; hasty; impetuous; vehement.


   Hot"house` (?), n.

   1. A house kept warm to shelter tender plants and shrubs from the cold
   air; a place in which the plants of warmer climates may be reared, and
   fruits ripened.

   2. A bagnio, or bathing house. [Obs.] Shak.

   3. A brothel; a bagnio. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

   4. (Pottery) A heated room for drying green ware.

   Page 709


   Hot"-liv`ered  (?),  a.  Of  an  excitable  or  irritable temperament;
   irascible. Milton.


   Hot"ly, adv. [From Hot, a.]

   1. In a hot or fiery manner; ardently; vehemently; violently; hastily;
   as, a hotly pursued.

   2. In a lustful manner; lustfully. Dryden.


   Hot"-mouthed` (?), a. Headstrong.

     That hot-mouthed beast that bears against the curb. Dryden.


   Hot"ness, n.

   1. The quality or state of being hot.

   2.  Heat  or  excitement  of  mind  or  manner;  violence;  vehemence;
   impetuousity; ardor; fury. M. Arnold.


   Hot"press`  (?),  v.  t.  To  apply to, in conjunction with mechanical
   pressure, for the purpose of giving a smooth and glosay surface, or to
   express oil, etc.; as, to hotpress paper, linen, etc.


   Hot"pressed`  (?),  a. Pressed while heat is applied. See Hotpress, v.


   Hot"-short`  (?),  a.  (Metal.)  More or less brittle when heated; as,
   hot-short iron.


   Hot"-spir`it*ed (?), a. Having a fierly spirit; hot-headed.


   Hot"spur` (?), n. [Hot + spur.] A rash, hot-headed man. Holinshed.

                              Hotspur, Hotspurred

   Hot"spur`,   Hot"spurred`  (?),  a.  Violent;  impetuous;  headstrong.
   Spenser. Peacham.


   Hot"ten*tot  (?), n. [D. Hottentot; -- so called from hot and tot, two
   syllables of frequent occurrence in their language. Wedgwood.]

   1.  (Ethnol.)  One of a degraded<-- "pastoral", in MW10 --> and savage
   race  of  South  Africa,  with  yellowish brown complexion, high cheek
   bones,  and  wooly  hair  growing  in  tufts.<-- = The tribes speaking
   Khoisan; Bushman(? any difference?) -->

   2.  The  language  of  the  Hottentots,  which  is  remarkable for its
   clicking sounds.<-- = Khoisan -->
   Hottentot  cherry  (Bot.),  a South African plant of the genus Cassine
   (C. maurocenia), having handsome foliage, with generally inconspicuous
   white  or  green  flowers.  Loudon.  --  Hottentot's bread. (Bot.) See
   Elephant's foot (a), under Elephant.


   Hot"ten*tot*ism  (?),  n.  A  term  employed  to  describe  one of the
   varieties of stammering. Tylor.


   Hou"dah (?), n. See Howdah.


   Hough (?), n. Same as Hock, a joint.


   Hough,  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Houghed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Houghing.]
   Same as Hock, to hamstring.


   Hough,  n.  [Cf.  D.  hak.  Cf.  Hack.]  An  adz;  a  hoe.  [Obs.] Bp.


   Hough, v. t. To cut with a hoe. [Obs.] Johnson.


   Hou"let (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) An owl. See Howlet.


   Hoult (?), n. A piece of woodland; a small wood. [Obs.] See Holt.


   Hound  (?),  n. [OE. hound, hund, dog, AS. hund; akin to OS. & OFries.
   hund, D. hond, G. hund, OHG. hunt, Icel. hundr, Dan. & Sw. hund, Goth.
   hunds,  and  prob. to Lith. sz, Ir. & Gael. cu, L. canis, Gr. \'87van.
   &root;229. Cf. Canine, Cynic, Kennel.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  variety  of the domestic dog, usually having large,
   drooping  ears,  esp.  one which hunts game by scent, as the foxhound,
   bloodhound,  deerhound,  but  also  used  for  various breeds of fleet
   hunting dogs, as the greyhound, boarhound, etc.

     Hounds and greyhounds, mongrels, spaniels, curs. Shak.

   2. A despicable person. "Boy! false hound!" Shak.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) A houndfish.

   4.  pl.  (Naut.) Projections at the masthead, serving as a support for
   the trestletrees and top to rest on.

   5.  A  side  bar  used to strengthen portions of the running gear of a
   To follow the hounds, to hunt with hounds.


   Hound, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hounded; p. pr. & vb. n. Hounding.]

   1.  To  set on the chase; to incite to pursuit; as, to hounda dog at a
   hare; to hound on pursuers. Abp. Bramhall.

   2. To hunt or chase with hounds, or as with hounds. L'Estrange.


   Hound"fish  (?),  n. (Zo\'94l.) Any small shark of the genus Galeus or
   Mustelus,  of which there are several species, as the smooth houndfish
   (G.  canis),  of  Europe  and  America; -- called also houndshark, and

     NOTE: &hand; Th e European nursehound, or small-spotted dogfish, is
     Scyllium  canicula;  the rough houndfish, or large-spotted dogfish,
     is  S.  catulus.  The  name  has also sometimes been applied to the
     bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix), and to the silver gar.


   Hound"ing, n.

   1. The act of one who hounds.

   2. (Naut.) The part of a mast below the hounds and above the deck.


   Hound's"-tongue`  (?),  n.  [AS. hundes tunge.] (Bot.) A biennial weed
   (Cynoglossum  officinale),  with  soft  tongue-shaped  leaves,  and an
   offensive  odor.  It  bears  nutlets  covered  with  barbed  or hooked
   prickles. Called also dog's-tongue.


   Houp (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Hoopoe. [Obs.]


   Hour  (?), n. [OE. hour, our, hore, ure, OF. hore, ore, ure, F. heure,
   L. hora, fr. Gr. Year, and cf. Horologe, Horoscope.]

   1. The twenty-fourth part of a day; sixty minutes.

   2.  The  time  of  the  day,  as  expressed  in hours and minutes, and
   indicated  by a timepiece; as, what is the hour? At what hour shall we

   3.  Fixed  or  appointed  time;  conjuncture;  a  particular  time  or
   occasion; as, the hour of greatest peril; the man for the hour.

     Woman, . . . mine hour is not yet come. John ii. 4.

     This is your hour, and the power of darkness. Luke xxii. 53.

   4.  pl.  (R. C. Ch.) Certain prayers to be repeated at stated times of
   the day, as matins and vespers.

   5. A measure of distance traveled.

     Vilvoorden, three hours from Brussels. J. P. Peters.

   After  hours,  after  the  time  appointed for one's regular labor. --
   Canonical  hours.  See  under  Canonical. -- Hour angle (Astron.), the
   angle  between  the  hour circle passing through a given body, and the
   meridian  of  a place. -- Hour circle. (Astron.) (a) Any circle of the
   sphere  passing through the two poles of the equator; esp., one of the
   circles  drawn  on an artificial globe through the poles, and dividing
   the  equator  into spaces of 15, or one hour, each. (b) A circle upon
   an  equatorial  telescope  lying  parallel to the plane of the earth's
   equator,  and  graduated  in  hours and subdivisions of hours of right
   ascension.  (c)  A small brass circle attached to the north pole of an
   artificial  globe,  and divided into twenty-four parts or hours. It is
   used  to mark differences of time in working problems on the globe. --
   Hour  hand,  the hand or index which shows the hour on a timepiece. --
   Hour  line.  (a) (Astron.) A line indicating the hour. (b) (Dialing) A
   line on which the shadow falls at a given hour; the intersection of an
   hour  circle which the face of the dial. -- Hour plate, the plate of a
   timepiece  on which the hours are marked; the dial. Locke. -- Sidereal
   hour,  the  twenty-fourth  part  of a sidereal day. -- Solar hour, the
   twenty-fourth part of a solar day. -- The small hours, the early hours
   of  the morning, as one o'clock, two o'clock, etc.<-- also "wee hours"
   --> -- To keep good hours, to be regular in going to bed early.


   Hour"glass`  (?),  n. An instrument for measuring time, especially the
   interval  of  an  hour.  It  consists  of  a  glass  vessel having two
   compartments,  from  the uppermost of which a quantity of sand, water,
   or  mercury  occupies an hour in running through a small aperture unto
   the lower.

     NOTE: &hand; A  si milar instrument measuring any other interval of
     time  takes  its  name  from the interval measured; as, a half-hour
     glass,  a  half-minute  glass.  A  three-minute  glass is sometimes
     called  an  egg-glass,  from  being  used  to  time  the boiling of
     eggs.<-- also = egg timer -->


   Hou"ri  (?),  n.;  pl.  Houris  (#). [Per. h&umac;r\'c6, h&umac;r\'be,
   h&umac;r;   akin   to  Ar.  h&umac;r,  pl.  of  ahwar  beautiful-eyed,
   black-eyed.] A nymph of paradise; -- so called by the Mohammedans.


   Hour"ly  (?), a. Happening or done every hour; occurring hour by hour;
   frequent; often repeated; renewed hour by hour; continual.

     In hourly expectation of a martyrdom. Sharp.


   Hour"ly, adv. Every hour; frequently; continually.

     Great was their strife, which hourly was renewed. Dryden.


   Hours  (?),  n.  pl.  [A  translation  of L. Horae (Gr. Hour.] (Myth.)
   Goddess of the seasons, or of the hours of the day.

     Lo! where the rosy-blosomed Hours, Fair Venus' train, appear. Gray.


   Hous"age  (?),  n.  [From  House.] A fee for keeping goods in a house.
   [R.] Chambers.


   House  (?),  n.;  pl. Houses (#). [OE. hous, hus, AS. h; akin to OS. &
   OFries.  h,  D.  huis,  OHG.  h, G. haus, Icel. h, Sw. hus, Dan. huus,
   Goth. gudh, house of God, temple; and prob. to E. hide to conceal. See
   Hide, and cf. Hoard, Husband, Hussy, Husting.]

   1. A structure intended or used as a habitation or shelter for animals
   of  any kind; but especially, a building or edifice for the habitation
   of man; a dwelling place, a mansion.

     Houses are built to live in; not to look on. Bacon.

     Bees  with smoke and doves with noisome stench Are from their hives
     and houses driven away. Shak.

   2. Household affairs; domestic concerns; particularly in the phrase to
   keep house. See below.

   3. Those who dwell in the same house; a household.

     One that feared God with all his house. Acts x. 2.

   4.  A family of ancestors, descendants, and kindred; a race of persons
   from  the  same  stock;  a  tribe;  especially,  a  noble family or an
   illustrious  race; as, the house of Austria; the house of Hanover; the
   house of Israel.

     The  last  remaining  pillar of their house, The one transmitter of
     their ancient name. Tennyson.

   5.  One  of  the estates of a kingdom or other government assembled in
   parliament  or  legislature;  a  body  of  men united in a legislative
   capacity;  as,  the House of Lords; the House of Commons; the House of
   Representatives;  also,  a  quorum  of  such a body. See Congress, and

   6. (Com.) A firm, or commercial establishment.

   7. A public house; an inn; a hotel.

   8.  (Astrol.) A twelfth part of the heavens, as divided by six circles
   intersecting  at  the  north  and south points of the horizon, used by
   astrologers  in  noting  the  positions  of  the  heavenly bodies, and
   casting horoscopes or nativities. The houses were regarded as fixed in
   respect  to  the  horizon,  and  numbered  from the one at the eastern
   horizon,  called  the  ascendant,  first  house,  or  house  of  life,
   downward, or in the direction of the earth's revolution, the stars and
   planets  passing  through  them in the reverse order every twenty-four

   9. A square on a chessboard, regarded as the proper place of a piece.

   10.  An  audience; an assembly of hearers, as at a lecture, a theater,
   etc.; as, a thin or a full house.

   11. The body, as the habitation of the soul.

     This mortal house I'll ruin, Do C\'91sar what he can. Shak.

   12.  [With  an  adj.,  as  narrow,  dark, etc.] The grave. "The narrow
   house." Bryant.

     NOTE: &hand; Ho use is  mu ch us ed ad jectively an d as  the first
     element  of  compounds.  The  sense  is  usually obvious; as, house
     cricket, housemaid, house painter, housework.

   House  ant  (Zo\'94l.),  a  very  small,  yellowish brown ant (Myrmica
   molesta),  which  often  infests houses, and sometimes becomes a great
   pest.  --  House  of  bishops (Prot. Epis. Ch.), one of the two bodies
   composing  a general convertion, the other being House of Clerical and
   Lay  Deputies.  --  House  boat, a covered boat used as a dwelling. --
   House  of  call,  a  place,  usually  a public house, where journeymen
   connected with a particular trade assemble when out of work, ready for
   the  call  of  employers. [Eng.]<-- modern name? --> Simonds. -- House
   car  (Railroad),  a freight car with inclosing sides and a roof; a box
   car.  --  House  of  correction.  See  Correction.  --  House  cricket
   (Zo\'94l.),  a European cricket (Gryllus domesticus), which frequently
   lives  in houses, between the bricks of chimneys and fireplaces. It is
   noted  for  the  loud  chirping or stridulation of the males. -- House
   dog,  a  dog  kept  in  or  about  a  dwelling  house.  -- House finch
   (Zo\'94l.),  the burion. -- House flag, a flag denoting the commercial
   house  to  which a merchant vessel belongs. -- House fly (Zo\'94l.), a
   common fly (esp. Musca domestica), which infests houses both in Europe
   and  America. Its larva is a maggot which lives in decaying substances
   or  excrement,  about  sink  drains, etc. -- House of God, a temple or
   church.  --  House  of  ill  fame. See Ill fame under Ill, a. -- House
   martin  (Zo\'94l.), a common European swallow (Hirundo urbica). It has
   feathered  feet,  and  builds  its  nests  of mud against the walls of
   buildings.  Called  also  house  swallow,  and window martin. -- House
   mouse (Zo\'94l.), the common mouse (Mus musculus). -- House physician,
   the   resident   medical   adviser  of  a  hospital  or  other  public
   institution.  --  House  snake  (Zo\'94l.),  the  milk snake. -- House
   sparrow  (Zo\'94l.),  the common European sparrow (Passer domesticus).
   It has recently been introduced into America, where it has become very
   abundant,  esp. in cities. Called also thatch sparrow. -- House spider
   (Zo\'94l.),  any  spider  which  habitually lives in houses. Among the
   most   common   species   are  Theridium  tepidariorum  and  Tegenaria
   domestica.  --  House  surgeon, the resident surgeon of a hospital. --
   House  wren  (Zo\'94l.),  the common wren of the Eastern United States
   (Troglodytes  a\'89don). It is common about houses and in gardens, and
   is  noted  for  its  vivacity,  and  loud  musical notes. See Wren. --
   Religious  house,  a  monastery  or  convent.  -- The White House, the
   official  residence  of  the President of the United States; -- hence,
   colloquially,  the office of President.<-- also, a parliament building
   in  Moscow --> -- To bring down the house. See under Bring. -- To keep
   house,  to  maintain an independent domestic establishment. -- To keep
   open  house,  to  entertain  friends  at  all times. Syn. -- Dwelling;
   residence; abode. See Tenement.


   House  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Housed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Housing.]
   [AS. h.]

   1. To take or put into a house; to shelter under a roof; to cover from
   the  inclemencies of the weather; to protect by covering; as, to house
   one's  family  in  a  comfortable  home; to house farming utensils; to
   house cattle.

     At length have housed me in a humble shed. Young.

     House  your  choicest  carnations,  or  rather  set  them  under  a
     penthouse. Evelyn.

   2. To drive to a shelter. Shak.

   3. To admit to residence; to harbor.

     Palladius wished him to house all the Helots. Sir P. Sidney.

   4. To deposit and cover, as in the grave. Sandys.

   5. (Naut.) To stow in a safe place; to take down and make safe; as, to
   house the upper spars.


   House, v. i.

   1. To take shelter or lodging; to abide to dwell; to lodge.

     You shall not house with me. Shak.

   2. (Astrol.) To have a position in one of the houses. See House, n.,

   8. "Where Saturn houses." Dryden.


   House"bote` (?), n. [House + bote.] (Law) Wood allowed to a tenant for
   repairing  the  house  and  for  fuel.  This  latter  is  often called
   firebote. See Bote.


   House"break`er   (?),   n.   One   who  is  guilty  of  the  crime  of


   House"break`ing,  n.  The  act  of  breaking open and entering, with a
   felonious  purpose, the dwelling house of another, whether done by day
   or night. See Burglary, and To break a house, under Break.


   House"build`er  (?),  n.  One  whose  business  is  to build houses; a


   House"carl`  (?),  n.  [OE.  huscarle.  See  House,  and  Carl.] (Eng.
   Arch\'91ol.)  A  household servant; also, one of the bodyguard of King


   House"hold` (?), n.

   1. Those who dwell under the same roof and compose a family.

     And  calls,  without  affecting  airs, His household twice a day to
     prayers. Swift.

   2. A line of ancestory; a race or house. [Obs.] Shak.


   House"hold`,  a.  Belonging  to  the  house  and family; domestic; as,
   household furniture; household affairs. Household bread, bread made in
   the  house  for  common  use;  hence,  bread that is not of the finest
   quality.  [Obs.]  --  Household gods (Rom. Antiq.), the gods presiding
   over  the  house and family; the Lares and Penates; hence, all objects
   endeared  by  association  with  home.  --  Household  troops,  troops
   appointed to attend and guard the sovereign or his residence. 


   House"hold`er (?), n. The master or head of a family; one who occupies
   a house with his family.

     Towns  in which almost every householder was an English Protestant.

   Compound householder. See Compound, a.

   Page 710


   House"keep`er (?), n.

   1. One who occupies a house with his family; a householder; the master
   or mistress of a family. Locke.

   2.  One who does, or oversees, the work of keeping house; as, his wife
   is  a  good  housekeeper;  often,  a  woman  hired  to superintend the
   servants of a household and manage the ordinary domestic affairs.

   3.  One  who  exercises  hospitality,  or has plentiful and hospitable
   household. [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton.

   4. One who keeps or stays much at home. [R.]

     You are manifest housekeeper. Shak.

   5. A house dog. [Obs.] Shak.


   House"keep`ing, n.

   1. The state of being occupying a dwelling house as a householder.

   2. Care of domestic concerns; management of a house and home affairs.

   3.   Hospitality;   a  liberal  and  hospitable  table;  a  supply  of
   provisions. [Obs.]

     Tell   me,   softly   and  hastly,  what's  in  the  pantry?  Small
     housekeeping enough, said Ph\'d2be. Sir W. Scott.


   House"keep`ing,  a.  Domestic;  used  in  a  family;  as, housekeeping


   Hou"sel  (?),  n.  [OE.  housel,  husel, AS. h; akin to Icel. h, Goth.
   hunsl a sacrifice.] The eucharist. [Archaic] Rom. of R. Tennyson.


   Hou"sel,  v.  t.  [AS.  h.]  To administer the eucharist to. [Archaic]


   House"leek`  (?),  n.  [House + leek.] (Bot.) A succulent plant of the
   genus  Sempervivum  (S.  tectorum),  originally  a native of subalpine
   Europe,  but  now  found  very generally on old walls and roofs. It is
   very  tenacious  of  life  under  drought  and  heat;  --  called also


   House"less,  a.  Destitute  of  the  shelter  of a house; shelterless;
   homeless; as, a houseless wanderer.


   House"less*ness, n. The state of being houseless.


   House"line`  (?),  n.  (Naut.)  A small line of three strands used for
   seizing; -- called also housing. Totten.


   House"ling` (?), a. Same as Housling.


   House"maid` (?), n. A female servant employed to do housework, esp. to
   take  care  of the rooms. Housemaid's knee (Med.), a swelling over the
   knee,  due to an enlargement of the bursa in the front of the kneepan;
   --  so  called  because frequently occurring in servant girls who work
   upon their knees.


   House"mate`  (?), n. One who dwells in the same house with another. R.


   House"room`  (?),  n.  Room  or  place in a house; as, to give any one


   House"warm`ing (?), n. A feast or merry-making made by or for a family
   or  business  firm  on  taking  possession of a new house or premises.


   House"wife` (?), n. [House + wife. Cf. Hussy.]

   1.  The  wife  of  a householder; the mistress of a family; the female
   head of a household. Shak.

     He a good husband, a good housewife she. Dryden.

   2.  (Usually  pronounced  [See Hussy, in this sense.] A little case or
   bag  for  materials  used  in sewing, and for other articles of female
   work; -- called also hussy. [Written also huswife.] P. Skelton.

   3. A hussy. [R.] [Usually written huswife.] Shak.
   Sailor's housewife, a ditty-bag.

                             Housewife, Housewive

   House"wife`  (?),  House"wive`  (?),  v.  t.  To manage with skill and
   economy, as a housewife or other female manager; to economize.

     Conferred  those  moneys  on  the  nuns, which since they have well
     housewived. Fuller.


   House"wife`ly  (?),  a.  Pertaining  or  appropriate  to  a housewife;
   domestic; economical; prudent.

     A good sort of woman, ladylike and housewifely. Sir W. Scott.


   House"wif`er*y  (?),  n.  The  business  of  the mistress of a family;
   female management of domestic concerns.


   House"work`  (?),  n.  The work belonging to housekeeping; especially,
   kitchen work, sweeping, scrubbing, bed making, and the like.


   House"wright` (?), n. A builder of houses.


   Hous"ing (?), n. [From House. In some of its senses this word has been
   confused with the following word.]

   1.  The  act  of  putting  or  receiving  under  shelter; the state of
   dwelling in a habitation.

   2. That which shelters or covers; houses, taken collectively. Fabyan.

   3.  (Arch.)  (a)  The  space  taken  out  of  one  solid, to admit the
   insertion  of part of another, as the end of one timber in the side of
   another. (b) A niche for a statue.

   4.  (Mach.)  A  frame  or  support  for holding something in place, as
   journal boxes, etc.

   5. (Naut.) (a) That portion of a mast or bowsprit which is beneath the
   deck  or within the vessel. (b) A covering or protection, as an awning
   over the deck of a ship when laid up. (c) A houseline. See Houseline.


   Hous"ing, n. [From Houss.]

   1. A cover or cloth for a horse's saddle, as an ornamental or military
   appendage; a saddlecloth; a horse cloth; in plural, trappings.

   2. An appendage to the hames or collar of a harness.


   Hous"ling  (?),  a. [See Housel.] Sacramental; as, housling fire. [R.]


   Houss  (?),  n.  [F.  housse,  LL.  hulcia, fr. OHG. hulst; akin to E.
   holster.  See  Holster, and cf. 2d Housing.] A saddlecloth; a housing.
   [Obs.] Dryden.


   Hou"tou (?), n. [From its note.] (Zo\'94l.) A beautiful South American
   motmot. Waterton.


   Houve  (?),  n.  [AS.  h&umac;fe.] A head covering of various kinds; a
   hood; a coif; a cap. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hou*yhnhnm"  (?),  n.  One of the race of horses described by Swift in
   his  imaginary travels of Lemuel Gulliver. The Houyhnhnms were endowed
   with  reason  and noble qualities; subject to them were Yahoos, a race
   of brutes having the form and all the worst vices of men.


   Hove  (?),  imp. & p. p. of Heave. Hove short, Hove to. See To heave a
   cable short, To heave a ship to, etc., under Heave.


   Hove, v. i. & t. To rise; to swell; to heave; to cause to swell. [Obs.
   or Scot.] Holland. Burns.


   Hove,  v.  i.  [OE.  hoven. See Hover.] To hover around; to loiter; to
   lurk. [Obs.] Gower.


   Hov"el (?), n. [OE. hovel, hovil, prob. a dim. fr. AS. hof house; akin
   to  D.  &  G.  hof court, yard, Icel. hof temple; cf. Prov. E. hove to
   take shelter, heuf shelter, home.]

   1.  An  open  shed for sheltering cattle, or protecting produce, etc.,
   from the weather. Brande & C.

   2. A poor cottage; a small, mean house; a hut.

   3. (Porcelain Manuf.) A large conical brick structure around which the
   firing kilns are grouped. Knight.


   Hov"el,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Hoveled (?) or Hovelled; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hoveling or Hovelling.] To put in a hovel; to shelter.

     To hovel thee with swine, and rogues forlon. Shak.

     The poor are hoveled and hustled together. Tennyson.


   Hov"el*er  (?),  n. One who assists in saving life and property from a
   wreck; a coast boatman. [Written also hoveller.] [Prov. Eng.] G. P. R.


   Hov"el*ing,  n.  A  method  of  securing a good draught in chimneys by
   covering the top, leaving openings in the sides, or by carrying up two
   of the sides higher than the other two. [Written also hovelling.]


   Ho"ven (?), obs. OR archaic p. p. of Heave.


   Ho"ven  (?),  a.  Affected  with  the  disease called hoove; as, hoven


   Hov"er  (?),  n. [Etymol. doubtful.] A cover; a shelter; a protection.
   [Archaic] Carew. C. Kingsley.


   Hov"er,  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Hovered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hovering.]
   [OE.  hoveren,  and  hoven, prob. orig., to abide, linger, and fr. AS.
   hof house; cf. OFries. hovia to receive into one's house. See Hovel.]

   1.  To hang fluttering in the air, or on the wing; to remain in flight
   or  floating  about  or over a place or object; to be suspended in the
   air above something.

     Great  flights of birds are hovering about the bridge, and settling
     on it. Addison.

     A hovering mist came swimming o'er his sight. Dryden.

   2.  To  hang  about;  to  move to and fro near a place, threateningly,
   watchfully, or irresolutely.

     Agricola having sent his navy to hover on the coast. Milton.

     Hovering o'er the paper with her quill. Shak.


   Hov"er*er  (?),  n.  A device in an incubator for protecting the young
   chickens and keeping them warm.


   Hov"er-hawk` (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) The kestrel.


   Hov"er*ing*ly, adv. In a hovering manner.


   How  (?),  adv.  [OE.  how, hou, hu, hwu, AS. h, from the same root as
   hw\'be,  hw\'91t,  who, what, pron. interrog.; akin to OS. hw\'d3w, D.
   hoe,  cf.  G.  wie how, Goth. hw\'c7 wherewith, hwaiwa how. &root;182.
   See Who, and cf. Why.]

   1. In what manner or way; by what means or process.

     How can a man be born when he is old? John iii. 4.

   2.  To what degree or extent, number or amount; in what proportion; by
   what measure or quality.

     O,  how  love I thy law! it is my meditation all the day. Ps. cxix.

     By  how  much they would diminish the present extent of the sea, so
     much  they would impair the fertility, and fountains, and rivers of
     the earth. Bentley.

   3. For what reason; from what cause.

     How now, my love! why is your cheek so pale? Shak.

   4. In what state, condition, or plight.

     How, and with what reproach, shall I return? Dryden.

   5. By what name, designation, or title.

     How art thou called? Shak.

   6. At what price; how dear. [Obs.]

     How a score of ewes now? Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Ho  w is   us  ed in   ea ch se nse, in terrogatively,
     interjectionally,  and  relatively;  it  is  also often employed to
     emphasize  an  interrogation  or  exclamation.  "How are the mighty
     fallen!"  2  Sam.  i. 27. Sometimes, also, it is used as a noun; --
     as, the how, the when, the wherefore. Shelley.

     Let me beg you -- don't say "How?" for "What?" Holmes.


   How*adj"i (?), n. [Ar.]

   1. A traveler.

   2.  A  merchant;  --  so  called  in  the  East because merchants were
   formerly the chief travelers.


   How*be"it  (?),  conj. [How + be + it.] Be it as it may; nevertheless;
   notwithstanding; although; albeit; yet; but; however.

     The  Moor  --  howbeit  that  I  endure him not - Is of a constant,
     loving, noble nature. Shak.


   How"dah  (?),  n. [Ar. hawdaj.] A seat or pavilion, generally covered,
   fastened on the back of an elephant, for the rider or riders. [Written
   also houdah.]


   How"dy (?), n. [Scot., also houdy- wife. Of uncertain origin; cf. OSw.
   jordgumma; or perh. fr. E. how d'ye.] A midwife. [Prov. Eng.]


   How"el  (?),  n.  A  tool used by coopers for smoothing and chamfering
   rheir work, especially the inside of casks.


   How"el, v. t. To smooth; to plane; as, to howel a cask.


   How"ell, n. The upper stage of a porcelian furnace.


   How*ev"er (?), adv. [Sometimes contracted into howe'er.]

   1. In whetever manner, way, or degree.

     However yet they me despise and spite. Spenser.

     Howe'er the business goes, you have made fault. Shak.

   2. At all events; at least; in any case.

     Our  chief  end is to be freed from all, if it may be, however from
     the greatest evils. Tillotson.


   How*ev"er,  conj.  Nevertheless;  notwithstanding; yet; still; though;
   as, I shall not oppose your design; I can not, however, approve of it.

     In  your  excuse  your love does little say; You might howe'er have
     took a better way. Dryden.

   Syn.  --  However,  At  least, Nevertheless, Yet. These words, as here
   compared, have an adversative sense in reference to something referred
   to  in  the context. However is the most general, and leads to a final
   conclusion  or  decision. Thus we say, the truth, however, has not yet
   fully  come out; i.e., such is the speaker's conclusion in view of the
   whole  case. So also we say, however, you may rely on my assistance to
   that  amount;  i.  e.,  at all events, whatever may happen, this is my
   final  decision. At least is adversative in another way. It points out
   the  utmost  concession that can possibly be required, and still marks
   the  adversative conclusion; as, at least, this must be done; whatever
   may  be  our  love  of  peace, we must at least maintain the rights of
   conscience.  Nevertheless  denotes that though the concession be fully
   made,  it has no bearing of the question; as, nevertheless, we must go
   forward.  Yet  signifies  that however extreme the supposition or fact
   comceded  may  be,  the  consequence which might naturally be expected
   does  not  and will not follow; as, though I should die with thee, yet
   will  I not deny thee; though he slay me, yet will I trust in him. Cf.


   How"itz (?), n. A howitzer. [Obs.]


   How"itz*er  (?), n. [G. haubitze, formerly hauffnitz, Bohem. haufnice,
   orig.,  a sling.] (Mil.) (a) A gun so short that the projectile, which
   was  hollow,  could  be  put  in  its place by hand; a kind of mortar.
   [Obs.]  (b) A short, light, largebore cannon, usually having a chamber
   of  smaller  diameter than the rest of the bore, and intended to throw
   large projectiles with comparatively small charges.


   How"ker (?), n. (Naut.) Same as Hooker.


   Howl  (?),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Howled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Howling.]
   [OE.  houlen,  hulen;  akin  to  D. huilen, MHG. hiulen, hiuweln, OHG.
   hiuwil\'d3n to exult, h owl, Dan. hyle to howl.]

   1.  To  utter  a  loud,  protraced, mournful sound or cry, as dogs and
   wolves often do.

     And dogs in corners set them down to howl. Drayton.

     Methought a legion of foul fiends Environ'd me about, and howled in
     my ears. Shak.

   2.  To  utter  a  sound  expressive  of  distress;  to  cry  aloud and
   mournfully; to lament; to wail.

     Howl ye, for the day of the Lord is at hand. Is. xiii. 6.

   3. To make a noise resembling the cry of a wild beast.

     Wild howled the wind. Sir W. Scott.

   Howling  monkey.  (Zo\'94l.)  See  Howler, 2. -- Howling wilderness, a
   wild, desolate place inhabited only by wild beasts. Deut. xxxii. 10.


   Howl,  v.  t. To utter with outcry. "Go . . . howl it out in deserts."


   Howl, n.

   1.  The  protracted,  mournful  cry  of a dog or a wolf, or other like

   2. A prolonged cry of distress or anguish; a wail.


   Howl"er (?), n.

   1. One who howls.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Any  South  American monkey of the genus Mycetes. Many
   species  are  known.  They are arboreal in their habits, and are noted
   for the loud, discordant howling in which they indulge at night.


   Howl"et  (?), n. [Equiv. to owlet, influenced by howl: cf. F. hulotte,
   OHG.  h, hiuwela.] (Zo\'94l.) An owl; an owlet. [Written also houlet.]
   R. Browning.


   Howp (?), v. i. To cry out; to whoop. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   How"so (?), adv. Howsoever. [Obs.]


   How`so*ev"er (?), adj. & conj. [How + so + ever.]

   1. In what manner soever; to whatever degree or extent; however.

     I am glad he's come, howsoever he comes. Shak.

   2. Although; though; however. [Obs.] Shak.


   Howve (?), n. A hood. See Houve. [Obs.]


   Hox  (?), v. t. [See Hock. &root;??.] To hock; to hamstring. See Hock.
   [Obs.] Shak.


   Hoy  (?),  n.  [D. heu, or Flem. hui.] (Naut.) A small coaster vessel,
   usually  sloop-rigged,  used  in  conveying  passengers and goods from
   place to place, or as a tender to larger vessels in port.

     The hoy went to London every week. Cowper.


   Hoy, interj. [D. hui. Cf. Ahoy.] Ho! Halloe! Stop!


   Hoy"den (?), n. Same as Hoiden.


   Hoy"man (?), n.; pl. Hoymen (. One who navigates a hoy.

     A common hoyman to carry goods by water for hire. Hobart.


   Hua*na"co (?), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Guanaco.


   Hub (?), n. [See 1st Hob.]

   1.  The  central  part, usually cylindrical, of a wheel; the nave. See
   Illust. of Axle box.

   2. The hilt of a weapon. Halliwell.

   3.  A  rough  protuberance or projecting obstruction; as, a hub in the
   road. [U.S.] See Hubby.

   4. A goal or mark at which quoits, etc., are cast.

   5.  (Diesinking)  A  hardened,  engraved  steel punch for impressing a
   device upon a die, used in coining, etc.

   6. A screw hob. See Hob,


   7. A block for scotching a wheel.
   Hub plank (Highway Bridges), a horizontal guard plank along a truss at
   the  height of a wagon-wheel hub. -- Up to the hub, as far as possible
   in  embarrassment  or difficulty, or in business, like a wheel sunk in
   mire; deeply involved. [Colloq.]


   Hub"ble-bub`ble  (?),  n.  A  tobacco pipe, so arranged that the smoke
   passes  through  water,  making  a bubbling noise, whence its name. In
   India,  the  bulb containing the water is often a cocoanut shell.<-- =
   water pipe; hookah -->

   Page 711


   Hub"bub (?), n. [Cf. Whoobub, Whoop, Hoop, v. i.] A loud noise of many
   confused voices; a tumult; uproar. Milton.

     This hubbub of unmeaning words. Macaulay.


   Hub"by (?), a. Full of hubs or protuberances; as, a road that has been
   frozen while muddy is hubby. [U.S.]


   H\'81b"ner  (?),  n.  [After  H\'81bner,  who  analyzed  it.] (Min.) A
   mineral  of  brownish  black  color, occurring in columnar or foliated
   masses. It is native manganese tungstate.

                                 Huch, Huchen

   Huch  (?),  Hu"chen  (?), n. [G.] (Zo\'94l.) A large salmon (Salmo, OR
   Salvelinus,  hucho)  inhabiting  the  Danube; -- called also huso, and
   bull trout.


   Huck  (?),  v. i. [See Hawk to offer for sale, Huckster.] To higgle in
   trading. [Obs.] Holland.


   Huck"a*back  (?),  n.  [Perh. orig., peddler's wares; cf. LG. hukkebak
   pickback.  Cf.  Huckster.]  A kind of linen cloth with raised figures,
   used for towelings.


   Huc"kle  (?), n. [Perh. dim. of Prov. E. hucka hook, and so named from
   its round shape. See Hook.]

   1. The hip; the haunch.

   2. A bunch or part projecting like the hip.
   Huckle  bone.  (a) The hip bone; the innominate bone. (b) A small bone
   of the ankle; astragalus. [R.] Udall.


   Huc"kle-backed` (?), a. Round-shoulded.


   Huc"kle*ber`ry (?), n. [Cf. Whortleberry.] (Bot.) (a) The edible black
   or   dark  blue  fruit  of  several  species  of  the  American  genus
   Gaylussacia, shrubs nearly related to the blueberries (Vaccinium), and
   formerly  confused  with them. The commonest huckelberry comes from G.
   resinosa.   (b)   The  shrub  that  bears  the  berries.  Called  also
   whortleberry. Squaw huckleberry. See Deeberry.


   Huck"ster  (?),  n.  [OE.  hukstere, hukster, OD. heukster, D. heuker;
   akin  to  D.  huiken to stoop, bend, OD. huycken, huken, G. hocken, to
   squat, Icel. h; -- the peddler being named from his stooping under the
   load on his back. Cf. Hawk to offer for sale.]

   1.  A  retailer  of  small  articles,  of  provisions, and the like; a
   peddler; a hawker. Swift.

   2. A mean, trickish fellow. Bp. Hall.


   Huck"ster,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Huckstered  (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Huckstering.] To deal in small articles, or in petty bargains. Swift.


   Huck"ster*age  (?),  n.  The  business  of  a huckster; small dealing;

     Ignoble huckster age of piddling tithes. Milton.


   Huck"ster*er (?), n. A huckster. Gladstone.

     Those hucksterers or money-jobbers. Swift.


   Huck"stress (?), n. A female huckster.


   Hud (?), n. [Cf. Hood a covering.] A huck or hull, as of a nut. [Prov.
   Eng.] Wright.


   Hud"dle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Huddled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Huddling
   (?).]  [Cf.  OE.  hoderen, hodren, to cover, keep, warm; perh. akin to
   OE. huden, hiden, to hide, E. hide, and orig. meaning, to get together
   for  protection  in  a  safe  place.  Cf.  Hide  to conceal.] To press
   together  promiscuously, from confusion, apprehension, or the like; to
   crowd together confusedly; to press or hurry in disorder; to crowd.

     The cattle huddled on the lea. Tennyson.

     Huddling  together  on  the  public  square  .  .  . like a herd of
     panic-struck deer. Prescott.


   Hud"dle, v. t.

   1.  To  crowd  (things)  together  to  mingle  confusedly; to assemble
   without order or system.

     Our  adversary, huddling several suppositions together, . . . makes
     a medley and confusion. Locke.

   2. To do, make, or put, in haste or roughly; hence, to do imperfectly;
   --  usually  with a following preposition or adverb; as, to huddle on;
   to huddle up; to huddle together. "Huddle up a peace." J. H. Newman.

     Let  him  forescat his work with timely care, Which else is huddled
     when the skies are fair. Dryden.

     Now,  in  all  haste, they huddle on Their hoods, their cloaks, and
     get them gone. Swift.


   Hud"dle, n. A crowd; a number of persons or things crowded together in
   a confused manner; tumult; confusion. "A huddle of ideas." Addison.


   Hud"dler (?), n. One who huddles things together.


   Hudge  (?),  n.  (Mining)  An  iron  bucket  for hoisting coal or ore.


   Hu`di*bras"tic  (?),  a.  Similar  to,  or  in  the style of, the poem
   "Hudibras,"  by  Samuel  Butler;  in  the  style  of  doggerel  verse.


   Hud*so"ni*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to Hudson's Bay or to the Hudson
   River; as, the Hudsonian curlew.


   Hue (?), n. [OE. hew, heow, color, shape, form, AS. hiw, heow; akin to
   Sw. hy skin, complexion, Goth. hiwi form, appearance.]

   1. Color or shade of color; tint; dye. "Flowers of all hue." Milton.

     Hues of the rich unfolding morn. Keble.

   2.  (Painting) A predominant shade in a composition of primary colors;
   a primary color modified by combination with others.


   Hue,  n.  [OE.  hue,  huer,  to  hoot,  shout,  prob.  fr.  OF.  hu an
   exclamation.]  A  shouting  or vociferation. Hue and cry (Law), a loud
   outcry  with  which  felons  were anciently pursued, and which all who
   heard  it  were  obliged  to  take up, joining in the pursuit till the
   malefactor was taken; in later usage, a written proclamation issued on
   the  escape  of  a  felon from prison, requiring all persons to aid in
   retaking him. Burrill.


   Hued (?), a. Having color; -- usually in composition; as, bright-hued;
   many-hued. Chaucer.


   Hue"less  (?), a. [AS. hiwle\'a0s. See Hue color.] Destitute of color.


   Hu"er  (?),  n.  One  who cries out or gives an alarm; specifically, a
   balker; a conder. See Balker.


   Huff  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Huffed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Huffing.]
   [Cf. OE. hoove to puff up, blow; prob. of imitative origin.]

   1. To swell; to enlarge; to puff up; as, huffed up with air. Grew.

   2.  To  treat  with  insolence  and arrogance; to chide or rebuke with
   insolence; to hector; to bully.

     You must not presume to huff us. Echard.

   3.  (Draughts)  To  remove  from the board (the piece which could have
   captured an opposing piece). See Huff, v. i., 3.


   Huff, v. i.

   1. To enlarge; to swell up; as, bread huffs.

   2.  To  bluster or swell with anger, pride, or arrogance; to storm; to
   take offense.

     THis  senseless  arrogant  conceit  of theirs made them huff at the
     doctrine of repentance. South.

   3. (Draughts) To remove from the board a man which could have captured
   a  piece but has not done so; -- so called because it was the habit to
   blow upon the piece.


   Huff, n.

   1.  A  swell of sudden anger or arrogance; a fit of disappointment and
   petulance or anger; a rage. "Left the place in a huff." W. Irving.

   2.  A  boaster;  one  swelled with a false opinion of his own value or

     Lewd,  shallow-brained  huffs make atheism and contempt of religion
     the sole badge . . . of wit. South.

   To take huff, to take offence. Cowper.


   Huff"cap`  (?),  n.  A  blusterer;  a  bully. [Obs.] -- a. Blustering;
   swaggering. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Huff"er (?), n. A bully; a blusterer. Hudibras.


   Huff"i*ness (?), n. The state of being huffish; petulance; bad temper.
   Ld. Lytton.


   Huff"ing*ly, adv. Blusteringly; arrogantly. [R.]

     And huffingly doth this bonny Scot ride. Old Ballad.


   Huff"ish,  a.  Disposed  to  be  blustering  or arrogant; petulant. --
   Huff"ish*ly, adv. -- Huff"ish*ness, n.


   Huff"y (?), a.

   1. Puffed up; as, huffy bread.

   2. Characterized by arrogance or petulance; easily offended.


   Hug  (?),  v.  i.  [imp. & p. p. Hugged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hugging.]
   [Prob. of Scand. origin; cf. Dan. sidde paa huk to squat, Sw. huka sig
   to squat, Icel. h. Cf. Huckster.]

   1. To cower; to crouch; to curl up. [Obs.] Palsgrave.

   2. To crowd together; to cuddle. [Obs.] Shak.


   Hug, v. t.

   1.  To  press  closely  within  the  arms;  to  clasp to the bosom; to
   embrace. "And huggen me in his arms." Shak.

   2. To hold fast; to cling to; to cherish.

     We hug deformities if they bear our names. Glanvill.

   3. (Naut.) To keep close to; as, to hug the land; to hug the wind.
   To hug one's self, to congratulate one's self; to chuckle.


   Hug,  n. A close embrace or clasping with the arms, as in affection or
   in wrestling. Fuller.


   Huge (?), a. [Compar. Huger (?); superl. Hugest (?).] [OE. huge, hoge,
   OF.  ahuge,  ahoge.] Very large; enormous; immense; excessive; -- used
   esp.  of  material  bulk,  but often of qualities, extent, etc.; as, a
   huge  ox;  a  huge  space;  a  huge  difference. "The huge confusion."
   Chapman.  "A  huge filly." Jer. Taylor. -- Huge"ly, adv. -- Huge"ness,

     Doth it not flow as hugely as the sea. Shak.

   Syn. -- Enormous; gigantic; colossal; immense; prodigious; vast.


   Hug"ger (?), n. One who hugs or embraces.


   Hug"ger, v. t. & i. To conceal; to lurk ambush. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


   Hug"ger-mug`ger (?), n. [Scot. huggrie-muggrie; Prov. E. hugger to lie
   in  ambush,  mug  mist, muggard sullen.] Privacy; secrecy. Commonly in
   the phrase in hugger-mugger, with haste and secrecy. [Archaic]

     Many things have been done in hugger-mugger. Fuller.


   Hug"ger-mug`ger, a.

   1. Secret; clandestine; sly.

   2. Confused; disorderly; slovenly; mean; as, hugger-mugger doings.


   Hug"gle (?), v. t. [Freq. of hug.] To hug. [Obs.]


   Hu"gue*not  (?),  n.  [F.,  properly  a  dim.  of  Hugues. The name is
   probably  derived  from  the  Christian name (Huguenot) of some person
   conspicuous  as  a reformer.] (Eccl. Hist.) A French Protestant of the
   period of the religious wars in France in the 16th century.


   Hu"gue*not*ism  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  huguenotisme.] The religion of the
   Huguenots in France.


   Hu"gy (?), a. Vast. [Obs.] Dryden.

                                   Huia bird

   Hu"ia  bird` (?). [Native name; -- so called from its cry.] (Zo\'94l.)
   A  New Zealand starling (Heteralocha acutirostris), remarkable for the
   great  difference in the form and length of the bill in the two sexes,
   that  of  the  male  being sharp and straight, that of the female much
   longer and strongly curved.


   Hui"sher (?), n. [Obs.] See Usher. B. Jonson.


   Hui"sher, v. t. To usher. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.


   Huke (?), n. [OF. huque, LL. huca; cf. D. huik.] An outer garment worn
   in  Europe  in  the  Middle Ages. [Written also heuk and hyke.] [Obs.]


   Hu"lan (?), n. See Uhlan.


   Hulch (?), n. [Cf. Hunch.] A hunch. [Obs.]


   Hulch"y (?), a. Swollen; gibbous. [Obs.]


   Hulk  (?),  n.  [OE. hulke a heavy ship, AS. hulc a light, swift ship;
   akin  to D. hulk a ship of burden, G. holk, OHG. holcho; perh. fr. LL.
   holcas, Gr. Wolf, Holcad.]

   1.  The body of a ship or decked vessel of any kind; esp., the body of
   an old vessel laid by as unfit for service. "Some well-timbered hulk."

   2. A heavy ship of clumsy build. Skeat.

   3. Anything bulky or unwieldly. Shak.
   Shear  hulk,  an  old ship fitted with an apparatus to fix or take out
   the  masts  of  a ship. -- The hulks, old or dismasted ships, formerly
   used as prisons. [Eng.] Dickens.


   Hulk (?), v. t. [Cf. MLG. holken to hollow out, Sw. h\'86lka.] To take
   out  the  entrails of; to disembowel; as, to hulk a hare. [R.] Beau. &

                                Hulking, Hulky

   Hulk"ing,  Hulk"y  (?),  a.  Bulky;  unwiedly.  [R.]  "A  huge hulking
   fellow." H. Brooke.


   Hull (?), n. [OE. hul, hol, shell, husk, AS. hulu; akin to G. h\'81lle
   covering,  husk,  case, h\'81llen to cover, Goth. huljan to cover, AS.
   helan to hele, conceal. &root;17. See Hele, v. t., Hell.]

   1.  The outer covering of anything, particularly of a nut or of grain;
   the outer skin of a kernel; the husk.

   2. [In this sense perh. influenced by D. hol hold of a ship, E. hold.]
   (Naut.)  The frame or body of a vessel, exclusive of her masts, yards,
   sails, and rigging.

     Deep in their hulls our deadly bullets light. Dryden.

   Hull down, said of a ship so distant that her hull is concealed by the
   convexity of the sea.


   Hull, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hulled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hulling.]

   1.  To  strip  off  or  separate  the  hull  or hulls of; to free from
   integument; as, to hull corn.

   2. To pierce the hull of, as a ship, with a cannon ball.


   Hull,  v.  i.  To  toss or drive on the water, like the hull of a ship
   without sails. [Obs.] Shak. Milton.


   Hul`la*ba*loo" (?), n. [Perh. a corruption of hurly-burly.] A confused
   noise; uproar; tumult. [Colloq.] Thackeray.


   Hulled  (?),  a.  Deprived of the hulls. Hulled corn, kernels of maize
   prepared for food by removing the hulls.


   Hull"er  (?),  n.  One  who,  or  that  which,  hulls;  especially, an
   agricultural  machine  for  removing  the  hulls from grain; a hulling


   Hul*lo" (?), interj. See Hollo.


   Hull"y (?), a. Having or containing hulls.


   Hu"lo*ist (?), n. See Hyloist.


   Hu"lo*the*ism (?), n. See Hylotheism.


   Hul"ver  (?),  n.  [OE.  hulfere;  prob.  akin to E. holly.] Holly, an
   evergreen shrub or tree.


   Hum (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Hummed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Humming (?).]
   [Of imitative origin; cf. G. hummen, D. hommelen. &root;15.]

   1.  To  make  a low, prolonged sound, like that of a bee in flight; to
   drone; to murmur; to buzz; as, a top hums. P. Fletcher.

     Still humming on, their drowsy course they keep. Pope.

   2. To make a nasal sound, like that of the letter m prolonged, without
   opening the mouth, or articulating; to mumble in monotonous undertone;
   to drone.

     The cloudy messenger turns me his back, And hums. Shak.

   3. [Cf. Hum, interj.] To make an inarticulate sound, like h'm, through
   the  nose  in  the  process  of  speaking,  from  embarrassment  or  a
   affectation; to hem.

   4. To express satisfaction by a humming noise.

     Here the spectators hummed. Trial of the Regicides.

     NOTE: &hand; Fo rmerly th e ha bit of  au diences wa s to  ex press
     gratification by humming and displeasure by hissing.

   5.  To  have  the sensation of a humming noise; as, my head hums, -- a
   pathological condition.


   Hum, v. t.

   1. To sing with shut mouth; to murmur without articulation; to mumble;
   as, to hum a tune.

   2. To express satisfaction with by humming.

   3.  To  flatter  by  approving;  to  cajole;  to impose on; to humbug.
   [Colloq. & Low]


   Hum, n.

   1.  A  low  monotonous  noise,  as  of  bees  in  flight, of a swiftly
   revolving top, of a wheel, or the like; a drone; a buzz.

     The shard-borne beetle with his drowsy hums. Shak.

   2. Any inarticulate and buzzing sound; as: (a) The confused noise of a
   crowd  or  of  machinery,  etc.,  heard  at a distance; as, the hum of

     But 'midst the crowd, the hum, the shock of men. Byron.

   (b) A buzz or murmur, as of approbation. Macaulay.

   3. An imposition or hoax.

   4. [Cf. Hem, interj.] An inarticulate nasal sound or murmur, like h'm,
   uttered by a speaker in pause from embarrassment, affectation, etc.

     THese shrugs, these hums and ha's. Shak.

   5.  [Perh.  so called because strongly intoxicating.] A kind of strong
   drink formerly used. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.
   Venous hum. See under Venous.


   Hum,  interj.  [Cf.  Hem,  interj.]  Ahem;  hem; an inarticulate sound
   uttered in a pause of speech implying doubt and deliberation. Pope.


   Hu"man  (?),  a.  [L.  humanus;  akin  to homo man: cf. F. humain. See
   Homage,  and  cf.  Humane, Omber.] Belonging to man or mankind; having
   the  qualities  or  attributes of a man; of or pertaining to man or to
   the  race  of man; as, a human voice; human shape; human nature; human

     To err is human; to forgive, divine. Pope.


   Hu"man, n. A human being. [Colloq.]

     Sprung of humans that inhabit earth. Chapman.

     We humans often find ourselves in strange position. Prof. Wilson.


   Hu"man*ate  (?),  a.  [LL.  humanatus.]  Indued  with humanity. [Obs.]


   Hu*mane" (?), a. [L. humanus: cf. F. humain. See Human.]

   1. Pertaining to man; human. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.

   2.  Having  the  feelings and inclinations creditable to man; having a
   disposition  to  treat  other  human  beings or animals with kindness;
   kind; benevolent.

     Of an exceeding courteous and humane inclination. Sportswood.

   3.   Humanizing;   exalting;   tending   to   refine.  Syn.  --  Kind;
   sympathizing;   benevolent;   mild;   compassionate;  gentle;  tender;
   merciful. -- Hu*mane"ly, adv. -- Hu*mane"ness, n.

   Page 712


   Hu*man"ics (?), n. The study of human nature. [R.] T. W. Collins.


   Hu*man"i*fy  (?),  v.  t.  To  make  human;  to  invest  with  a human
   personality; to incarnate. [R.]

     The humanifying of the divine Word. H. B. Wilson.


   Hu"man*ism (?), n.

   1. Human nature or disposition; humanity.

     [She] looked almost like a being who had rejected with indifference
     the  attitude  of sex for the loftier quality of abstract humanism.
     T. Hardy.

   2. The study of the humanities; polite learning.


   Hu"man*ist, n. [Cf. F. humaniste.]

   1.  One  of  the  scholars  who  in  the  field  of  literature proper
   represented  the  movement  of  the Renaissance, and early in the 16th
   century   adopted  the  name  Humanist  as  their  distinctive  title.

   2. One who purposes the study of the humanities, or polite literature.

   3. One versed in knowledge of human nature.


   Hu`man*is"tic (?), a.

   1. Of or pertaining to humanity; as, humanistic devotion. Caird.

   2. Pertaining to polite kiterature. M. Arnold.


   Hu*man`i*ta"ri*an (?), a.

   1.   (Theol.   &   Ch.  Hist.)  Pertaining  to  humanitarians,  or  to
   humanitarianism; as, a humanitarian view of Christ's nature.

   2.  (Philos.)  Content  with  right affections and actions toward man;
   ethical,   as   distinguished   from   religious;   believing  in  the
   perfectibility of man's nature without supernatural aid.

   3. Benevolent; philanthropic. [Recent]


   Hu*man`i*ta"ri*an, n. [From Humanity.]

   1.  (Theol.  &  Ch.  Hist.) One who denies the divinity of Christ, and
   believes him to have been merely human.

   2.  (Philos.)  One  who limits the sphere of duties to human relations
   and  affections, to the exclusion or disparagement of the religious or

   3. One who is actively concerned in promoting the welfare of his kind;
   a philanthropist. [Recent]


   Hu*man`i*ta"ri*an*ism (?), n.

   1.  (Theol. & Ch. Hist.) The distinctive tenet of the humanitarians in
   denying  the  divinity  of  Christ; also, the whole system of doctrine
   based upon this view of Christ.

   2.  (Philos.)  The doctrine that man's obligations are limited to, and
   dependent alone upon, man and the human relations.


   Hu`ma*ni"tian (?), n. A humanist. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


   Hu*man"i*ty  (?),  n.;  pl.  Humanities  (#).  [L.  humanitas:  cf. F.
   humanit\'82. See Human.]

   1. The quality of being human; the peculiar nature of man, by which he
   is distinguished from other beings.

   2. Mankind collectively; the human race.

     But hearing oftentimes The still, and music humanity. Wordsworth.

     It is a debt we owe to humanity. S. S. Smith.

   3.  The  quality of being humane; the kind feelings, dispositions, and
   sympathies  of  man;  especially,  a disposition to relieve persons or
   animals  in  distress,  and  to  treat all creatures with kindness and
   tenderness. "The common offices of humanity and friendship." Locke.

   4. Mental cultivation; liberal education; instruction in classical and
   polite literature.

     Polished with humanity and the study of witty science. Holland.

   5.  pl.  (With  definite  article)  The  branches of polite or elegant
   learning;  as  language,  rhetoric,  poetry, and the ancient classics;

     NOTE: &hand; The cultivation of the languages, literature, history,
     and  arch\'91ology  of  Greece  and Rome, were very commonly called
     liter\'91  humaniores, or, in English, the humanities, . . . by way
     of opposition to the liter\'91 divin\'91, or divinity.

   G. P. Marsh.


   Hu*man`i*za"tion (?), n. The act of humanizing. M. Arnold.


   Hu"man*ize  (?),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Humanized (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Humanizing (?).] [Cf. F. humaniser.]

   1.  To render human or humane; to soften; to make gentle by overcoming
   cruel dispositions and rude habits; to refine or civilize.

     Was  it  the  business  of  magic  to  humanize  our  natures  with
     compassion? Addison.

   2. To give a human character or expression to. "Humanized divinities."

   3.  (Med.) To convert into something human or belonging to man; as, to
   humanize vaccine lymph.


   Hu"man*ize,  v.  i.  To  become  or  be  made  more  humane; to become
   civilized; to be ameliorated.

     By  the  original  law  of  nations,  war  and extirpation were the
     punishment  of  injury.  Humanizing by degrees, it admitted slavery
     instead  of  death;  a  further  step was the exchange of prisoners
     instead of slavery. Franklin.


   Hu"man*i`zer (?), n. One who renders humane.


   Hu"man*kind` (?), n. Mankind. Pope.


   Hu"man*ly, adv.

   1.  In  a  human  manner;  after  the  manner of men; according to the
   knowledge  or  wisdom  of  men;  as,  the  present  prospects, humanly
   speaking, promise a happy issue. Sir W. Raleigh.

   2. Kindly; humanely. [Obs.] Pope.


   Hu"man*ness, n. The quality or state of being human.


   Hu"mate  (?), n. [L. humus the earth, ground.] (Chem.) A salt of humic


   Hu*ma"tion  (?),  n.  [L.  humatio, fr. humare to cover with earth, to
   inter,   fr.   humus   the  earth,  ground.  See  Homage.]  Interment;
   inhumation. [R.]


   Hum"bird` (?), n. Humming bird.


   Hum"ble  (?), a. [Compar. Humbler (?); superl. Humblest (?).] [F., fr.
   L.  humilis  on  the  ground,  low,  fr.  humus the earth, ground. See
   Homage, and cf. Chameleon, Humiliate.]

   1. Near the ground; not high or lofty; not pretentious or magnificent;
   unpretending; unassuming; as, a humble cottage.

     THy humble nest built on the ground. Cowley.

   2.  Thinking  lowly of one's self; claiming little for one's self; not
   proud,  arrogant,  or  assuming;  thinking one's self ill-deserving or
   unworthy, when judged by the demands of God; lowly; waek; modest.

     God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble. Jas. iv.

     She should be humble who would please. Prior.

     Without  a  humble  imitation  of  the  divine  Author of our . . .
     religion we can never hope to be a happy nation. Washington.

   Humble plant (Bot.), a species of sensitive plant, of the genus Mimosa
   (M.  sensitiva).  --  To  eat  humble pie, to endure mortification; to
   submit  or  apologize  abjectly;  to  yield  passively  to  insult  or
   humilitation;  --  a phrase derived from a pie made of the entrails or
   humbles of a deer, which was formerly served to servants and retainers
   at a hunting feast. See Humbles. Halliwell. Thackeray.
   Hum"ble (?), a. Hornless. See Hummel. [Scot.] 


   Hum"ble (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Humbled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Humbling

   1.  To bring low; to reduce the power, independence, or exaltation of;
   to lower; to abase; to humilate.

     Here,  take this purse, thou whom the heaven's plagues Have humbled
     to all strokes. Shak.

     The genius which humbled six marshals of France. Macaulay.

   2.  To  make  humble or lowly in mind; to abase the pride or arrogance
   of;  to  reduce the self-sufficiently of; to make meek and submissive;
   -- often used rexlexively.

     Humble  yourselves  therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he
     may exalt you. 1 Pet. v. 6.

   Syn.  --  To  abase;  lower;  depress;  humiliate;  mortify; disgrace;


   Hum"ble*bee`  (?),  n.  [OE.  humbilbee,  hombulbe;  cf. D. hommel, G.
   hummel,  OHG.  humbal,  Dan.  humle,  Sw.  humla;  perh.  akin to hum.
   &root;15. Cf. Bumblebee.] (Zo\'94l.) The bumblebee. Shak.


   Hum"ble*head`  (?),  n.  [Humble + -head.] Humble condition or estate;
   humility. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hum"ble*ness, n. The quality of being humble; humility; meekness.


   Hum"bler (?), n. One who, or that which, humbles some one.


   Hum"bles  (?), n. pl. [See Nombles.] Entrails of a deer. [Written also
   umbles.] Johnson.


   Hum"blesse  (?), n. [OF.] Humbleness; abasement; low obeisance. [Obs.]
   Chaucer. Spenser.


   Hum"bly, adv. With humility; lowly. Pope.


   Hum"bug`  (?),  n.  [Prob.  fr.  hum  to  impose  on,  deceive + bug a
   frightful object.]

   1. An imposition under fair pretenses; something contrived in order to
   deceive and mislead; a trick by cajolery; a hoax.

   2. A spirit of deception; cajolery; trickishness.

   3.  One  who  deceives or misleads; a deceitful or trickish fellow; an
   impostor. Sir J. Stephen.


   Hum"bug`,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Humbugged  (?);  p.  pr. & vb. n.
   Humbugging (?).] To deceive; to impose; to cajole; to hoax.


   Hum"bug`ger (?), n. One who humbugs.


   Hum"bug`ger*y (?), n. The practice of imposition.


   Hum"drum`  (?),  a.  Monotonous; dull; commonplace. "A humdrum crone."


   Hum"drum`, n.

   1. A dull fellow; a bore. B. Jonson.

   2. Monotonous and tedious routine.

     Dissatisfied with humdrum. The Nation.

   3. A low cart with three wheels, drawn by one horse.

                               Humect, Humectate

   Hu*mect"  (?),  Hu*mec"tate  (?), v. t. [L. humectare, humectatum, fr.
   humectus  moist, fr. humere to be moist: cf. F. humecter.] To moisten;
   to wet. [Obs.] Howell.


   Hu*mec"tant  (?),  a.  [L.  humectans, p.pr.] Diluent. -- n. A diluent
   drink or medicine. [Obs.]


   Hu`mec*ta"tion   (?),  n.  [L.  humectatio:  cf.  F.  humectation.]  A
   moistening. [Obs.] Bacon.


   Hu*mec"tive (?), a. Tending to moisten. [Obs.]


   Hu"mer*al  (?),  a.  [L.  humerus  the  shoulder:  cf. F. hum\'82ral.]
   (Anat.)  Of  or  pertaining  to the humerus, or upper part of the arm;
   brachial.  Humeral  veil  (R. C. Ch.), a long, narrow veil or scarf of
   the  same  material  as the vestments, worn round the shoulders by the
   officiating  priest  or his attendant at Mass, and used to protect the
   sacred vessels from contact with the hands.


   Hu"me*rus  (?),  n.;  pl. Humeri (#). [L.] (Anat.) (a) The bone of the
   brachium,  or  upper part of the arm or fore limb. (b) The part of the
   limb containing the humerus; the brachium.


   Hu"mic  (?),  a. [L. humus the earth, ground: cf. F. humique.] (Chem.)
   Pertaining  to,  or  derived from, vegetable mold; as, humic acid. See


   Hu`mi*cu*ba"tion  (?),  n. [L. humus the ground + cubare to lie down.]
   The act or practice of lying on the ground. [Obs.] Abp. Bramhall.


   Hu"mid  (?),  a.  [L. humidus, umidus, fr. humere, umere, to be moist;
   akin  to  uvidus  moist,  Gr. uksh to wet, sprinkle, and Icel. v\'94kr
   moist,  and  perh.  to  E.  ox:  cf.  F.  humide.] Containing sensible
   moisture;  damp;  moist; as, a humidair or atmosphere; somewhat wet or
   watery; as, humid earth; consisting of water or vapor.

     Evening cloud, or humid bow. Milton.


   Hu*mid"i*ty  (?),  n.  [Cf.  F.  humidit\'82.]  Moisture;  dampness; a
   moderate  degree of wetness, which is perceptible to the eye or touch;
   --  used  especially  of  the  atmosphere,  or  of  anything which has
   absorbed moisture from the atmosphere, as clothing.

     NOTE: &hand; In  hy grometrical re ports (a s of  the United States
     Signal  Service)  complete  saturation  of the air is designated by
     Humidity 100, and its partial saturation by smaller numbers.


   Hu"mid*ness (?), n. Humidity.


   Hu"mi*fuse  (?),  a.  [L.  humus  ground  +  fusus, p.p. of fundere to
   spread.]  (Bot.)  Spread  over  the surface of the ground; procumbent.


   Hu*mil"i*ant  (?), a. [L. humilians, p.pr. of humiliare.] Humiliating;
   humbling. "Humiliant thoughts." [R.] Mrs. Browning.


   Hu*mil"i*ate  (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Humiliated (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Humiliating.]  [L.  humiliatus,  p.p.  of  humiliare.  See Humble.] To
   reduce  to  a  lower  position  in  one's  own eyes, or in the eyes of
   others; to humble; to mortify.

     We stand humiliated rather than encouraged. M. Arnold.


   Hu*mil`i*a"tion (?), n. [L. humiliatio: cf. F. humiliation.]

   1.   The   act   of  humiliating  or  humbling;  abasement  of  pride;
   mortification. Bp. Hopkins.

   2.  The state of being humiliated, humbled, or reduced to lowliness or

     The  former was a humiliation of Deity; the latter a humiliation of
     manhood. Hooker.


   Hu*mil"i*ty   (?),   n.;   pl.  Humilities  (#).  [OE.  humilite,  OF.
   humilit\'82,  humelit\'82,  F.  humilit\'82,  fr.  L.  humiliatis. See

   1.  The  state  or  quality  of  being  humble; freedom from pride and
   arrogance;  lowliness of mind; a modest estimate of one's own worth; a
   sense  of  one's own unworthiness through imperfection and sinfulness;
   self-abasement; humbleness.

     Serving the Lord with all humility of mind. Acts xx. 19.

   2. An act of submission or courtesy.

     With these humilities they satisfied the young king. Sir J. Davies.

   Syn.  --  Lowliness;  humbleness;  meekness;  modesty;  diffidence. --
   Humility, Modesty, Diffidence. Diffidence is a distrust of our powers,
   combined  with  a  fear  lest  our failure should be censured, since a
   dread  of  failure  unconnected with a dread of censure is not usually
   called  diffidence. It may be carried too far, and is not always, like
   modesty   and   humility,   a   virtue.   Modesty,  without  supposing
   self-distrust,  implies an unwillingness to put ourselves forward, and
   an absence of all over-confidence in our own powers. Humility consists
   in  rating  our  claims low, in being willing to waive our rights, and
   take a lower place than might be our due. It does not require of us to
   underrate ourselves.


   Hu"min  (?),  n.  [L.  humus  the  earth,  ground.]  (Chem.) A bitter,
   brownish  yellow,  amorphous substance, extracted from vegetable mold,
   and  also  produced  by  the  action  of  acids  on certain sugars and
   carbohydrates;  --  called also humic acid, ulmin, gein, ulmic or geic
   acid, etc.


   Hu*mi"ri (?), n. [From native name.] (Bot.) A fragrant balsam obtained
   from Brazilian trees of the genus Humirium.


   Hum"ite  (?),  n.  [Named  after  Sir  A.Hume.]  (Min.) A mineral of a
   transparent  vitreous  brown  color,  found  in  the ejected masses of
   Vesuvius. It is a silicate of iron and magnesia, containing fluorine.


   Hum"mel (?), v. t. [Cf. Hamble.] To separate from the awns; -- said of
   barley. [Scot.]


   Hum"mel,  a. Having no awns or no horns; as, hummelcorn; a hummel cow.


   Hum"mel*er  (?),  n.  [Written  also hummeller.] One who, or a machine
   which, hummels.


   Hum"mer (?), n.

   1.  One  who,  or  that  which,  hums;  one  who  applauds by humming.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A humming bird.


   Hum"ming  (?),  a.  Emitting  a  murmuring  sound; droning; murmuring;


   Hum"ming, n. A sound like that made by bees; a low, murmuring sound; a
   hum.  Hummingale,  lively  or  strong  ale.  Dryden.  --  Humming bird
   (Zo\'94l.),  any  bird  of the family Trochilid\'91, of which over one
   hundred  genera  are known, including about four hundred species. They
   are  found  only in America and are most abundant in the tropics. They
   are  mostly  of  very small size, and are not for their very brilliant
   colors  and  peculiar  habit of hovering about flowers while vibrating
   their wings very rapidly with a humming noise. They feed both upon the
   nectar  of  flowers and upon small insects. The common humming bird or
   ruby-throat  of  the  Eastern  United  States  is  Trochilus culubris.
   Several  other  species  are  found  in the Western United States. See
   Calliope,  and  Ruby-throat.  --  Humming-bird moth (Zo\'94l.), a hawk
   moth. See Hawk moth, under Hawk, the bird.


   Hum"mock (?), n. [Prob. a dim. of hump. See Hump.]

   1.  A  rounded  knoll or hillock; a rise of ground of no great extent,
   above a level surface.

   2. A ridge or pile of ice on an ice field.

   3. Timbered land. See Hammock. [Southern U.S.]


   Hum"mock*ing,  n.  The process of forming hummocks in the collision of
   Arctic ice. Kane.


   Hum"mock*y (?), a. Abounding in hummocks.


   Hum"mum  (?), n. [Per. or Ar. hamm\'ben.] A sweating bath or place for
   sweating. Sir T. Herbert.


   Hu"mor  (?),  n.  [OE.  humour,  OF. humor, umor, F. humeur, L. humor,
   umor,  moisture,  fluid,  fr.  humere, umere, to be moist. See Humid.]
   [Written also humour.]

   1.  Moisture,  especially,  the moisture or fluid of animal bodies, as
   the chyle, lymph, etc.; as, the humors of the eye, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e an cient physicians believed that there were four
     humors (the blood, phlegm, yellow bile or choler, and black bile or
     melancholy),  on  the  relative proportion of which the temperament
     and health depended.

   2.  (Med.)  A vitiated or morbid animal fluid, such as often causes an
   eruption on the skin. "A body full of humors." Sir W. Temple.

   3.  State of mind, whether habitual or temporary (as formerly supposed
   to  depend on the character or combination of the fluids of the body);
   disposition; temper; mood; as, good humor; ill humor.

     Examine how your humor is inclined, And which the ruling passion of
     your mind. Roscommon.

     A prince of a pleasant humor. Bacon.

     I like not the humor of lying. Shak.

   4.  pl.  Changing  and  uncertain  states  of  mind; caprices; freaks;
   vagaries; whims.

     Is  my friend all perfection, all virtue and discretion? Has he not
     humors to be endured? South.

   5. That quality of the imagination which gives to ideas an incongruous
   or  fantastic turn, and tends to excite laughter or mirth by ludicrous
   images or representations; a playful fancy; facetiousness.

     For  thy  sake  I admit That a Scot may have humor, I'd almost said
     wit. Goldsmith.

     A great deal of excellent humor was expended on the perplexities of
     mine host. W. Irving.

   Aqueous  humor, Crystalline humor OR lens, Vitreous humor. (Anat.) See
   Eye. -- Out of humor, dissatisfied; displeased; in an unpleasant frame
   of  mind.  Syn. -- Wit; satire; pleasantry; temper; disposition; mood;
   frame; whim; fancy; caprice. See Wit.

   Page 713


   Hu"mor  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Humored  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.

   1.  To  comply  with  the  humor  of; to adjust matters so as suit the
   peculiarities,  caprices, or exigencies of; to adapt one's self to; to
   indulge by skillful adaptation; as, to humor the mind.

     It  is  my  part  to  invent,  and  the  musician's  to  humor that
     invention. Dryden.

   2.  To  help  on  by  indulgence or compliant treatment; to soothe; to
   gratify; to please.

     You humor me when I am sick. Pope.

   Syn. -- To gratify; to indulge. See Gratify.


   Hu"mor*al (?), a. [Cf. F. humoral.] Pertaining to, or proceeding from,
   the  humors;  as,  a  humoral  fever.  Humoral  pathology  (Med.), the
   pathology, or doctrine of the nature of diseases, which attributes all
   morbid  phenomena  to the disordered condition of the fluids or humors
   of the body.<-- antiquated -->


   Hu"mor*al*ism (?), n.

   1. (Med.) The state or quality of being humoral.

   2.  (Med.)  The  doctrine  that  diseases  proceed  from  the  humors;
   humorism. [Obs.]


   Hu"mor*al*ist,  n. One who favors the humoral pathology or believes in


   Hu"mor*ism (?), n.

   1.  (Med.)  The  theory founded on the influence which the humors were
   supposed to have in the production of disease; Galenism. Dunglison.

   2. The manner or disposition of a humorist; humorousness. Coleridge.


   Hu"mor*ist, n. [Cf. F. humoriste.]

   1. (Med.) One who attributes diseases of the state of the humors.

   2. One who has some peculiarity or eccentricity of character, which he
   indulges in odd or whimsical ways.

     He  [Roger  de Coverley] . . . was a great humorist in all parts of
     his life. Addison.

   3.  One  who  displays  humor  in  speaking  or writing; one who has a
   facetious fancy or genius; a wag; a droll.

     The reputation of wits and humorists. Addison.


   Hu`mor*is"tic (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a humorist.


   Hu"mor*ize (?), v. t. To humor. Marston.


   Hu"mor*less, a. Destitute of humor.


   Hu"mor*ous (?), a. [Cf. L. humorosus, umorosus, moist. See Humor.]

   1. Moist; humid; watery. [Obs.]

     All founts wells, all deeps humorous. Chapman.

   2.  Subject to be governed by humor or caprice; irregular; capricious;
   whimsical. Hawthorne.

     Rough as a storm and humorous as the wind. Dryden.

   3.  Full of humor; jocular; exciting laughter; playful; as, a humorous
   story  or author; a humorous aspect. Syn. -- Jocose; facetious; witty;
   pleasant; merry.


   Hu"mor*ous*ly, adv.

   1. Capriciously; whimsically.

     We resolve rashly, sillily, or humorously. Calamy.

   2. Facetiously; wittily.


   Hu"mor*ous*ness, n.

   1. Moodiness; capriciousness.

   2. Facetiousness; jocularity.


   Hu"mor*some (?), a.

   1. Moody; whimsical; capricious. Hawthorne.

     The commons do not abet humorsome, factious arms. Burke.

   2. Jocose; witty; humorous. Swift.


   Hu"mor*some*ly, adv. Pleasantly; humorously.


   Hu"mor*some*ness, n. Quality of being humorsome.


   Hump (?), n. [Cf. D. homp a lump, LG. hump heap, hill, stump, possibly
   akin to E. heap. Cf. Hunch.]

   1.  A  protuberance;  especially, the protuberance formed by a crooked

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  fleshy  protuberance on the back of an animal, as a
   camel or whale.


   Hump"back` (?), n. [Cf. Hunchback.]

   1. A crooked back; a humped back. Tatler.

   2. A humpbacked person; a hunchback.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) (a) Any whale of the genus Megaptera, characterized by a
   hump  or bunch on the back. Several species are known. The most common
   ones  in  the North Atlantic are Megaptera longimana of Europe, and M.
   osphyia  of  America;  that of the California coasts is M. versabilis.
   (b) A small salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha), of the northwest coast of


   Hump"backed` (?), a. Having a humped back.


   Humped (?), a. Having a hump, as the back.


   Humph  (?),  interj.  [Of  imitative  origin.] An exclamation denoting
   surprise, or contempt, doubt, etc.


   Hump"less (?), a. Without a hump. Darwin.


   Hump"-shoul`dered (?), a. Having high, hunched shoulders. Hawthorne.


   Hump"y  (?),  a. Full of humps or bunches; covered with protuberances;


   Hum"strum`  (?),  n.  An instrument out of tune or rudely constructed;
   music badly played.


   Hu"mu*lin  (?),  n.  [NL.  Humulus,  the  genus including the hop.] An
   extract of hops.


   Hu"mus (?), n. [L., the earth, ground, soil.] That portion of the soil
   formed  by  the  decomposition  of animal or vegetable matter. It is a
   valuable constituent of soils. Graham.


   Hun  (?),  n. [L. Hunni, also Chunni, and Chuni; cf. AS. H, H, OHG. H,
   G.  Hunnen.]  One of a warlike nomadic people of Northern Asia who, in
   the  5th  century, under Atilla, invaded and conquered a great part of


   Hunch (?), n. [Perh. akin to huckle; cf. hump, hunch, bunch, hunk.]

   1. A hump; a protuberance.

   2. A lump; a thick piece; as, a hunch of bread.

   3. A push or thrust, as with the elbow.


   Hunch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hunched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hunching.]

   1. To push or jostle with the elbow; to push or thrust suddenly.

   2.  To  thrust  out  a  hump  or  protuberance; to crook, as the back.


   Hunch"back` (?), n. [Cf. Humpback.] A back with a hunch or hump; also,
   a hunchbacked person.


   Hunch"backed` (?), a. Having a humped back.


   Hun"dred  (?),  n.  [OE.  hundred, AS. hundred a territorial division;
   hund  hundred  +  a  word  akin  to  Goth.  ga-ra  to  count, L. ratio
   reckoning,  account;  akin  to  OS.  hunderod,  hund,  D.  hondred, G.
   hundert,  OHG.  also  hunt,  Icel.  hundra, Dan. hundrede, Sw. hundra,
   hundrade,  Goth. hund, Lith. szimtas, Russ. sto, W. cant, Ir. cead, L.
   centum,  Gr. \'87ata. &root;309. Cf. Cent, Century, Hecatomb, Quintal,
   and Reason.]

   1.  The  product  of ten mulitplied by ten, or the number of ten times
   ten;  a  collection  or  sum,  consisting  of  ten  times ten units or
   objects; five score. Also, a symbol representing one hundred units, as
   100 or C.

     With many hundreds treading on his heels. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e word hundred, as well as thousand, million, etc.,
     often  takes  a plural form. We may say hundreds, or many hundreds,
     meaning  individual  objects  or units, but with an ordinal numeral
     adjective  in  constructions like five hundreds, or eight hundreds,
     it  is  usually  intended  to  consider  each hundred as a separate
     aggregate; as, ten hundreds are one thousand.

   2.  A  division  of  a country in England, supposed to have originally
   contained a hundred families, or freemen.
   Hundred  court,  a  court  held  for all the inhabitants of a hundred.
   [Eng.] Blackstone.


   Hun"dred, a. Ten times ten; five score; as, a hundred dollars.


   Hun"dred*er (?), n.

   1. An inhabitant or freeholder of a hundred.

   2.  (Law) A person competent to serve on a jury, in an action for land
   in the hundred to which he belongs.

   3. One who has the jurisdiction of a hundred; and sometimes, a bailiff
   of a hundred. Blount. Cowell.


   Hun"dred*fold` (?), n. A hundred times as much or as many.

     He shall receive as hundredfold now in this time. Mark x. 30.


   Hun"dredth (?), a.

   1. Coming last of a hundred successive individuals or units.

   2.  Forming  one  of  a  hundred  equal  parts  into which anything is
   divided; the tenth of a tenth.


   Hun"dredth,  n.  One of a hundred equal parts into which one whole is,
   or may be, divided; the quotient of a unit divided by a hundred.


   Hun"dred*wieght`  (?),  n.  A  denomination of weight, containing 100,
   112,  or  120  pounds  avoirdupois,  according  to  differing  laws or
   customs. By the legal standard of England it is 112 pounds. In most of
   the  United  States,  both  in  practice  and by law, it is 100 pounds
   avoirdupois,  the  corresponding ton of 2,000 pounds, sometimes called
   the short ton, beingthe legal ton.


   Hung  (?),  imp.  &  p. p. of Hang. Hung beef, the fleshy part of beef
   slightly salted and hung up to dry; dried beef.


   Hun*ga"ri*an  (?),  a. Of or pertaining to Hungary or to the people of
   Hungary.  --  n.  A  native or one of the people of Hungary. Hungarian
   grass. See Italian millet, under Millet.


   Hun"ga*ry  (?),  n.  A  country  in  Central Europe, now a part of the
   Austro-Hungarian Empire. Hungary water, a distilled "water," made from
   dilute alcohol aromatized with rosemary flowers, etc.


   Hun"ger  (?), n. [AS. hungor; akin to OFries. hunger, D. honger, OS. &
   OHG.  hungar,  G.  hunger,  Icel.  hungr,  Sw.  & Dan. hunger, Goth. h
   hunger, huggrjan to hunger.]

   1.  An  uneasy  sensation  occasioned  normally by the want of food; a
   craving or desire for food.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e se nsation of  hu nger is usually referred to the
     stomach,  but  is  probably  dependent on excitation of the sensory
     nerves,  both  of  the  stomach and intestines, and perhaps also on
     indirect impressions from other organs, more or less exhausted from
     lack of nutriment.

   2. Any strong eager desire.

     O sacred hunger of ambitious minds! Spenser.

     For hunger of my gold I die. Dryden.


   Hun"ger, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Hungered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hungering.]
   [OE. hungren, AS. hyngrian. See Hunger, n.]

   1. To feel the craving or uneasiness occasioned by want of food; to be
   oppressed by hunger.

   2. To have an eager desire; to long.

     Blessed  are  they  which  do hunger and thirst after righteouness.
     Matt. v. 6.


   Hun"ger, v. t. To make hungry; to famish.

                           Hunger-bit, Hunger-bitten

   Hun"ger-bit`  (?),  Hun"ger-bit`ten  (?),  a.  Pinched  or weakened by
   hunger. [Obs.] Milton.


   Hun"gered (?), a. Hungry; pinched for food. [Obs.] Milton.


   Hun"ger*er (?), n. One who hungers; one who longs. Lamb.


   Hun"ger*ly, a. Wanting food; starved. [Obs.] Shak.


   Hun"ger*ly, adv. With keen appetite. [Obs.] Shak.


   Hun"ger-starve`  (?),  v.  t. To starve with hunger; to famish. [Obs.]


   Hun"gred (?), a. Hungered; hungry. [Archaic]


   Hun"gri*ly  (?),  adv. [From Hunger.] In a hungry manner; voraciously.


   Hun"gry  (?),  a.  [Compar.  Hungrier  (?);  superl.  Hungriest.] [AS.
   hungrid. See Hunger.]

   1.  Feeling  hunger;  having  a  keen  appetite; feeling uneasiness or
   distress from want of food; hence, having an eager desire.

   2. Showing hunger or a craving desire; voracious.

     The cruel, hungry foam. C. Kingsley.

     Cassius has a lean and hungry look. Shak.

   3. Not rich or fertile; poor; barren; starved; as, a hungry soil. "The
   hungry beach." Shak.


   Hunk  (?),  n. [Cf. Hunch.] A large lump or piece; a hunch; as, a hunk
   of bread. [Colloq.] <-- 2. a sexually attractive, well-built man. -->


   Hun"ker   (?),   n.  Originally,  a  nickname  for  a  member  of  the
   conservative  section  of the Democratic party in New York; hence, one
   opposed to progress in general; a fogy. [Political Cant, U.S.]


   Hun"ker*ism  (?),  n.  Excessive  conservatism; hostility to progress.
   [Political Cant, U.S.]


   Hunks  (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] A covetous, sordid man; a miser; a

     Pray  make your bargain with all the prudence and selfishness of an
     old hunks. Gray.


   Hunt  (?),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hunted; p. pr. & vb. n. Hunting.] [AS.
   huntian to hunt; cf. hentan to follow, pursue, Goth. hin (in comp.) to
   seize. &root;36. Cf. Hent.]

   1.  To  search for or follow after, as game or wild animals; to chase;
   to  pursue for the purpose of catching or killing; to follow with dogs
   or guns for sport or exercise; as, to hunt a deer.

     Like a dog, he hunts in dreams. Tennyson.

   2. To search diligently after; to seek; to pursue; to follow; -- often
   with out or up; as, to hunt up the facts; to hunt out evidence.

     Evil shall hunt the violent man to overthrow him. Ps. cxl. 11.

   3.  To  drive;  to  chase; -- with down, from, away, etc.; as, to hunt
   down a criminal; he was hunted from the parish.

   4. To use or manage in the chase, as hounds.

     He hunts a pack of dogs. Addison.

   5.  To  use or traverse in pursuit of game; as, he hunts the woods, or
   the country.


   Hunt, v. i.

   1.  To  follow the chase; to go out in pursuit of game; to course with

     Esau went to the field to hunt for venison. Gen. xxvii. 5.

   2. To seek; to pursue; to search; -- with for or after.

     He after honor hunts, I after love. Shak.

   To hunt counter, to trace the scent backward in hunting, as a hound to
   go back on one's steps. [Obs.] Shak.


   Hunt, n.

   1.  The  act  or  practice  of  chasing  wild animals; chase; pursuit;

     The hunt is up; the morn is bright and gray. Shak.

   2. The game secured in the hunt. [Obs.] Shak.

   3. A pack of hounds. [Obs.]

   4. An association of huntsmen.

   5. A district of country hunted over.

     Every landowner within the hunt. London Field.


   Hunt"-count`er  (?), n. A worthless dog that runs back on the scent; a
   blunderer. [Obs.] Shak.


   Hunt"e (?), n. [AS. hunta.] A hunter. [Obs.] Chaucer.


   Hunt"er (?), n.

   1.  One  who  hunts  wild  animals  either  for  sport  or for food; a

   2.  A dog that scents game, or is trained to the chase; a hunting dog.

   3.  A  horse  used  in the chase; especially, a thoroughbred, bred and
   trained for hunting.

   4.  One  who  hunts  or  seeks  after  anything, as if for game; as, a
   fortune hunter a place hunter.

     No keener hunter after glory breathes. Tennyson.

   5. (Zo\'94l.) A kind of spider. See Hunting spider, under Hunting.

   6.  A  hunting  watch,  or  one of which the crystal is protected by a
   metallic cover.
   Hunter's  room, the lunation after the harvest moon. -- Hunter's screw
   (Mech.),  a  differential screw, so named from the inventor. See under


   Hun*te"ri*an  (?),  a.  Discovered  or  described  by  John Hunter, an
   English surgeon; as, the Hunterian chancre. See Chancre.


   Hunt"ing  (?),  n.  The  pursuit of game or of wild animals. A. Smith.
   Happy hunting grounds, the region to which, according to the belief of
   American  Indians, the souls of warriors and hunters pass after death,
   to  be  happy  in hunting and feasting. Tylor. -- Hunting box. Same As
   Hunting  lodge  (below).  --  Hunting  cat (Zo\'94l.), the cheetah. --
   Hunting  cog (Mach.), a tooth in the larger of two geared wheels which
   makes  its  number  of teeth prime to the number in the smaller wheel,
   thus  preventing  the  frequent meeting of the same pairs of teeth. --
   Hunting  dog (Zo\'94l.), the hyena dog. -- Hunting ground, a region or
   district abounding in game; esp. (pl.), the regions roamed over by the
   North  American Indians in search of game. -- Hunting horn, a bulge; a
   horn  used  in  the  chase.  See  Horn,  and Bulge. -- Hunting leopard
   (Zo\'94l.),  the  cheetah. -- Hunting lodge, a temporary residence for
   the  purpose  of  hunting.  -- Hunting seat, a hunting lodge. Gray. --
   Hunting  shirt,  a  coarse  shirt  for  hunting,  often of leather. --
   Hunting  spider  (Zo\'94l.), a spider which hunts its prey, instead of
   catching it in a web; a wolf spider. -- Hunting watch. See Hunter, 6.


   Hunt"ress  (?),  n.  A  woman  who hunts or follows the chase; as, the
   huntress Diana. Shak.


   Hunts"man (?), n.; pl. Huntsmen (.

   1. One who hunts, or who practices hunting.

   2.  The person whose office it is to manage the chase or to look after
   the hounds. L'Estrange.
   Huntsman's  cup  (Bot.),  the  sidesaddle  flower,  or common American
   pitcher plant (Sarracenia purpurea).

   Page 714


   Hunts"man*ship  (?),  n.  The  art  or  practice  of  hunting,  or the
   qualification of a hunter. Donne.


   Hunt's"-up`  (?),  n.  A  tune  played  on  the horn very early in the
   morning  to  call  out the hunters; hence, any arousing sound or call.
   [Obs.] Shak.

     Time plays the hunt's-up to thy sleepy head. Drayton.


   Hur"den  (?),  n. [From Hurds.] A coarse kind of linen; -- called also
   harden. [Prov. Eng.]


   Hur"dle  (?),  n.  [OE.  hurdel, hirdel, AS. hyrdel; akin to D. horde,
   OHG.  hurt,  G.  h\'81rde  a  hurdle, fold, pen, Icel. hur door, Goth.
   ha\'a3rds,  L.  cratis  wickerwork,  hurdle, Gr. k to spin, c to bind,
   connect. &root;16. Cf. Crate, Grate, n.]

   1.  A movable frame of wattled twigs, osiers, or withes and stakes, or
   sometimes  of  iron,  used  for  inclosing land, for folding sheep and
   cattle,  for  gates, etc.; also, in fortification, used as revetments,
   and for other purposes.

   2.  In England, a sled or crate on which criminals were formerly drawn
   to the place of execution. Bacon.

   3.  An  artificial  barrier,  variously constructed, over which men or
   horses leap in a race.
   Hurdle  race,  a  race  in  which  artificial  barriers in the form of
   hurdles, fences, etc., must be leaped.


   Hur"dle,  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Hurdleed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hurdleing
   (?).] To hedge, cover, make, or inclose with hurdles. Milton.


   Hur"dle*work` (?), n. Work after manner of a hurdle.


   Hurds (?), n. [See Hards.] The coarse part of flax or hemp; hards.


   Hur"dy-gur`dy (?), n. [Prob. of imitative origin.]

   1.  A  stringled  instrument, lutelike in shape, in which the sound is
   produced  by  the  friction  of  a wheel turned by a crank at the end,
   instead  of  by a bow, two of the strings being tuned as drones, while
   two or more, tuned in unison, are modulated by keys.

   2.  In  California,  a  water wheel with radial buckets, driven by the
   impact of a jet.


   Hur*ka"ru  (?),  n.  [Hind. hark\'bera] In India, a running footman; a
   messenger. [Written also hurkaroo.]


   Hurl  (?),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Hurled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hurling.]
   [OE.  hurlen,  hourlen; prob. contracted fr. OE. hurtlen to hurtle, or
   probably akin to E. whirl. &root;16. See Hurtle.]

   1.  To  send  whirling  or  whizzing  through  the  air; to throw with
   violence; to drive with great force; as, to hurl a stone or lance.

     And hurl'd them headlong to their fleet and main. Pope.

   2. To emit or utter with vehemence or impetuosity; as, to hurl charges
   or invective. Spenser.

   3.  [Cf.  Whirl.]  To  twist or turn. "Hurled or crooked feet." [Obs.]


   Hurl, v. i.

   1. To hurl one's self; to go quickly. [R.]

   2.  To  perform  the  act of hurling something; to throw something (at

     God shall hurl at him and not spare. Job xxvii. 22 (Rev. Ver. ).

   3. To play the game of hurling. See Hurling.


   Hurl, n.

   1.  The  act  of  hurling  or throwing with violence; a cast; a fling.

   2. Tumult; riot; hurly-burly. [Obs.] Knolles.

   3. (Hat Manuf.) A table on which fiber is stirred and mixed by beating
   with a bowspring.


   Hurl"bat` (?), n. See Whirlbat. [Obs.] Holland.


   Hurl"bone` (?), n.

   1. See Whirlbone.

   2. (Far.) A bone near the middle of the buttock of a horse. Crabb.


   Hurl"er (?), n. One who hurls, or plays at hurling.


   Hurl"ing, n.

   1. The act of throwing with force.

   2. A kind of game at ball, formerly played.

     Hurling taketh its denomination from throwing the ball. Carew.


   Hurl"wind` (?), n. A whirlwind. [Obs.] Sandys.


   Hur"ly (?), n. [Cf. F. hurler to howl.] Noise; confusion; uproar.

     That, with the hurly, death itself awakes. Shak.


   Hur"ly-bur`ly  (?),  n.  [Reduplicated fr. OE. hurly confusion: cf. F.
   hurler  to  howl,  yell, L. ululare; or cf. E. hurry.] Tumult; bustle;
   confusion. Shak.

     All places were filled with tumult and hurly-burly. Knolles.


   Hu*ro"ni*an  (?), a. [Named from Lake Huron.] (Geol.) Of or pertaining
   to certain non-fossiliferous rocks on the borders of Lake Huron, which
   are  supposed  to  correspond  in  time  to  the  latter  part  of the
   Arch\'91an age.


   Hu"ron-Ir`o*quous"  (?),  n.  (Ethnol.)  A linguistic group of warlike
   North American Indians, belonging to the same stock as the Algonquins,
   and  including several tribes, among which were the Five Nations. They
   formerly  occupied  the  region  about Lakes Erie and Ontario, and the
   larger part of New York.


   Hu"rons  (?),  n.  pl.;  sing. Huron. (Ethnol.) A powerful and warlike
   tribe  of North American Indians of the Algonquin stock. They formerly
   occupied  the country between Lakes Huron, Erie, and Ontario, but were
   nearly exterminated by the Five Nations about 1650.


   Hurr  (?),  v.  i.  [See  Hurry.]  To make a rolling or burring sound.

     R is the dog's letter, and hurreth in the sound. B. Jonson.

                                 Hurrah Hurra

   Hur*rah"  Hur*ra" (?), interj. [Cf. G., Dan., & Sw. hurra. Cf. Huzza.]
   A  word  used  as a shout of joy, triumph, applause, encouragement, or

     Hurrah! hurrah! for Ivry and Henry of Navarre. Macaulay.


   Hur*rah",  n.  A  cheer;  a shout of joy, etc. Hurrah's nest, state of
   utmost confusion. [Colloq. U.S.]

     A perfect hurrah's nest in our kitchen. Mrs. Stowe.


   Hur*rah" (?), v. i. To utter hurrahs; to huzza.


   Hur*rah", v. t. To salute, or applaud, with hurrahs.


   Hur"ri*cane  (?),  n.  [Sp. hurracan; orig. a Carib word signifying, a
   high  wind.] A violent storm, characterized by extreme fury and sudden
   changes  of  the wind, and generally accompanied by rain, thunder, and
   lightning;  --  especially prevalent in the East and West Indies. Also
   used figuratively.

     Like the smoke in a hurricane whirl'd. Tennyson.

     Each guilty thought to me is A dreadful hurricane. Massinger.

   Hurricane  bird  (Zo\'94l.),  the  frigate  bird.  --  Hurricane deck.
   (Naut.) See under Deck.


   Hur`ri*ca"no  (?), n.; pl. Hurricanoes (#). A waterspout; a hurricane.
   [Obs.] Drayton. "You cataracts and hurricanoes, spout." Shak.


   Hur"ried (?), a.

   1.  Urged  on;  hastened;  going  or  working  at speed; as, a hurried
   writer; a hurried life.

   2.  Done in a hurry; hence, imperfect; careless; as, a hurried job. "A
   hurried meeting." Milton. -- Hur"ried*ly, adv. -- Hur"ried*ness, n.


   Hur"ri*er (?), n. One who hurries or urges.


   Hur"ries  (?),  n. A staith or framework from which coal is discharged
   from cars into vessels.


   Hur"ry  (?),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Hurried  (?);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Hurrying.]  [OE. horien; cf. OSw. hurra to whirl round, dial. Sw. hurr
   great  haste,  Dan. hurre to buzz, Icel. hurr hurly-burly, MHG. hurren
   to hurry, and E. hurr, whir to hurry; all prob. of imitative origin.]

   1. To hasten; to impel to greater speed; to urge on.

     Impetuous lust hurries him on. South.

     They hurried him abroad a bark. Shak.

   2.  To impel to precipitate or thoughtless action; to urge to confused
   or irregular activity.

     And  wild  amazement  hurries up and down The little number of your
     doubtful friends. Shak.

   3.  To  cause  to  be  done  quickly.  Syn. -- To hasten; precipitate;
   expedite; quicken; accelerate; urge.


   Hur"ry,  v.  i. To move or act with haste; to proceed with celerity or
   precipitation; as, let us hurry. To hurry up, to make haste. [Colloq.]


   Hur"ry,  n.  The  act  of  hurrying  in  motion or business; pressure;
   urgency; bustle; confusion.

     Ambition  raises  a  tumult  in the soul, it inflames the mind, and
     puts into a violent hurry of thought. Addison.

   Syn. -- Haste; speed; dispatch. See Haste.


   Hur"ry*ing*ly, adv. In a hurrying manner.


   Hur"ry-skur`ry (?), adv. [An imitative word; cf. Sw. skorra to rattle,
   snarl, E. scurry.] Confusedly; in a bustle. [Obs.] Gray.


   Hurst  (?), n. [OE. hurst, AS. hyrst; akin to OHG. hurst, horst, wood,
   thicket,  G.  horst the nest of a bird of prey, an eyerie, thicket.] A
   wood  or grove; -- a word used in the composition of many names, as in


   Hurt,  n.  (Mach.)  (a)  A  band  on  a trip-hammer helve, bearing the
   trunnions. (b) A husk. See Husk, 2.


   Hurt (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hurt (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hurting.] [OE.
   hurten,  hirten,  horten,  herten;  prob.  fr. OF. hurter, heurter, to
   knock,  thrust,  strike,  F.  heurter;  cf.  W. hyrddu to push, drive,
   assault,  hwrdd  a stroke, blow, push; also, a ram, the orig. sense of
   the  verb thus perhaps being, to butt as a ram; cf. D. horten to push,
   strike, MHG. hurten, both prob. fr. Old French.]

   1. To cause physical pain to; to do bodily harm to; to wound or bruise

     The hurt lion groans within his den. Dryden.

   2.  To impar the value, usefulness, beauty, or pleasure of; to damage;
   to injure; to harm.

     Virtue may be assailed, but never hurt. Milton.

   3.  To  wound  the  feelings of; to cause mental pain to; to offend in
   honor  or  self-respect;  to  annoy; to grieve. "I am angry and hurt."


   Hurt"er, n.

   1. A bodily injury causing pain; a wound, bruise, or the like.

     The pains of sickness and hurts . . . all men feel. Locke.

   2. An injury causing pain of mind or conscience; a slight; a stain; as
   of sin.

     But  the  jingling  of  the guinea helps the hurt that Honor feels.

   3. Injury; damage; detriment; harm; mischief.

     Thou dost me yet but little hurt. Shak.

   Syn.   --  Wound;  bruise;  injury;  harm;  damage;  loss;  detriment;
   mischief; bane; disadvantage.


   Hurt"er (?), n. One who hurts or does harm.

     I shall not be a hurter, if no helper. Beau. & Fl.


   Hurt"er,  n. [F. heurtoir, lit., a striker. See Hurt, v. t.] A butting
   piece;  a  strengthening  piece,  esp.:  (Mil.) A piece of wood at the
   lower  end  of  a  platform,  designed  to  prevent  the wheels of gun
   carriages from injuring the parapet.


   Hurt"ful  (?), a. Tending to impair or damage; injurious; mischievous;
   occasioning  loss  or  injury;  as,  hurtful words or conduct. Syn. --
   Pernicious;     harmful;     baneful;     prejudicial;    detrimental;
   disadvantageous;   mischievous;   injurious;   noxious;   unwholesome;
   destructive. -- Hurt"ful*ly, adv. -- Hurt"ful*ness, n.


   Hur"tle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Hurtled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hurtling
   (?).] [OE. hurtlen, freq. of hurten. See Hurt, v. t., and cf. Hurl.]

   1. To meet with violence or shock; to clash; to jostle.

     Together hurtled both their steeds. Fairfax.

   2.  To  move  rapidly;  to wheel or rush suddenly or with violence; to
   whirl round rapidly; to skirmish.

     Now hurtling round, advantage for to take. Spenser.

     Down the hurtling cataract of the ages. R. L. Stevenson.

   3.  To  make  a  threatening  sound, like the clash of arms; to make a
   sound as of confused clashing or confusion; to resound.

     The noise of battle hurtled in the air. Shak.

     The  earthquake  sound  Hurtling  'death  the  solid  ground.  Mrs.


   Hur"tle (?), v. t.

   1. To move with violence or impetuosity; to whirl; to brandish. [Obs.]

     His harmful club he gan to