Unabridged Dictionary - Letter A

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*The Project Gutenberg Etext of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary*
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   A.

                                       A

   A  (named  \'be  in  the  English,  and  most  commonly  \'84 in other
   languages).  The  first  letter  of  the  English  and  of  many other
   alphabets.  The  capital  A  of  the  alphabets  of Middle and Western
   Europe,  as  also  the  small letter (a), besides the forms in Italic,
   black  letter, etc., are all descended from the old Latin A, which was
   borrowed  from  the  Greek  Alpha, of the same form; and this was made
   from the first letter (Aleph, and itself from the Egyptian origin. The
   Aleph  was  a  consonant letter, with a guttural breath sound that was
   not  an  element  of  Greek  articulation;  and  the Greeks took it to
   represent  their  vowel  Alpha  with  the \'84 sound, the Ph\'d2nician
   alphabet having no vowel symbols. This letter, in English, is used for
   several  different vowel sounds. See Guide to pronunciation,  43-74.
   The regular long a, as in fate, etc., is a comparatively modern sound,
   and has taken the place of what, till about the early part of the 17th
   century, was a sound of the quality of \'84 (as in far).

   2. (Mus.) The name of the sixth tone in the model major scale (that in
   C),  or the first tone of the minor scale, which is named after it the
   scale in A minor. The second string of the violin is tuned to the A in
   the  treble  staff.  --  A  sharp  (A#)  is the name of a musical tone
   intermediate  between  A  and  B. -- A flat (Ab) is the name of a tone
   intermediate between A and G.
   A per se (L. per se by itself), one pre\'89minent; a nonesuch. [Obs.]

     O  fair  Creseide,  the  flower  and  A  per se Of Troy and Greece.
     Chaucer.

                                       A

   A (# emph. #).

   1.  [Shortened  form  of  an.  AS.  \'ben one. See One.] An adjective,
   commonly called the indefinite article, and signifying one or any, but
   less emphatically. "At a birth"; "In a word"; "At a blow". Shak.

     NOTE: It is  placed before nouns of the singular number denoting an
     individual  object,  or a quality individualized, before collective
     nouns,  and  also before plural nouns when the adjective few or the
     phrase great many or good many is interposed; as, a dog, a house, a
     man;  a  color;  a sweetness; a hundred, a fleet, a regiment; a few
     persons,  a  great  many  days.  It is used for an, for the sake of
     euphony,  before  words  beginning  with  a  consonant  sound  [for
     exception  of certain words beginning with h, see An]; as, a table,
     a  woman,  a  year, a unit, a eulogy, a ewe, a oneness, such a one,
     etc. Formally an was used both before vowels and consonants.

   2.  [Originally  the preposition a (an, on).] In each; to or for each;
   as,  "twenty  leagues  a  day", "a hundred pounds a year", "a dollar a
   yard", etc.

                                       A

   A (#), prep. [Abbreviated form of an (AS. on). See On.]

   1.  In;  on;  at; by. [Obs.] "A God's name." "Torn a pieces." "Stand a
   tiptoe."  "A  Sundays"  Shak. "Wit that men have now a days." Chaucer.
   "Set them a work." Robynson (More's Utopia)

   2.  In  process  of;  in  the  act  of;  into; to; -- used with verbal
   substantives in -ing which begin with a consonant. This is a shortened
   form of the preposition an (which was used before the vowel sound); as
   in a hunting, a building, a begging. "Jacob, when he was a dying" Heb.
   xi. 21. "We'll a birding together." " It was a doing." Shak. "He burst
   out  a  laughing."  Macaulay. The hyphen may be used to connect a with
   the verbal substantive (as, a-hunting, a-building) or the words may be
   written  separately.  This form of expression is now for the most part
   obsolete,  the a being omitted and the verbal substantive treated as a
   participle.

                                       A

   A.  [From  AS.  of  off, from. See Of.] Of. [Obs.] "The name of John a
   Gaunt." "What time a day is it ?" Shak. "It's six a clock." B. Jonson.

                                       A

   A.  A  barbarous corruption of have, of he, and sometimes of it and of
   they. "So would I a done" "A brushes his hat." Shak.

                                       A

   A. An expletive, void of sense, to fill up the meter

     A merry heart goes all the day, Your sad tires in a mile-a. Shak.

                                      A-.

   A-.  A, as a prefix to English words, is derived from various sources.
   (1)  It  frequently  signifies  on or in (from an, a forms of AS. on),
   denoting  a state, as in afoot, on foot, abed, amiss, asleep, aground,
   aloft,  away (AS. onweg), and analogically, ablaze, atremble, etc. (2)
   AS. of off, from, as in adown (AS. ofd\'81ne off the dun or hill). (3)
   AS.  \'be-  (Goth.  us-,  ur-,  Ger. er-), usually giving an intensive
   force,  and sometimes the sense of away, on, back, as in arise, abide,
   ago.  (4)  Old  English  y-  or i- (corrupted from the AS. inseparable
   particle  ge-,  cognate  with  OHG.  ga-, gi-, Goth. ga-), which, as a
   prefix,  made  no  essential addition to the meaning, as in aware. (5)
   French \'85 (L. ad to), as in abase, achieve. (6) L. a, ab, abs, from,
   as  in avert. (7) Greek insep. prefix a without, or privative, not, as
   in abyss, atheist; akin to E. un-.

     NOTE: Besides th ese, there are other sources from which the prefix
     a takes its origin.

                                      A 1

   A  1  (#).  A  registry  mark given by underwriters (as at Lloyd's) to
   ships  in  first-class condition. Inferior grades are indicated by A 2
   and A 3.

     NOTE: A 1  is  al so ap plied colloquially to other things to imply
     superiority; prime; first-class; first-rate.

                                      Aam

   Aam  (#),  n.  [D. aam, fr. LL. ama; cf. L. hama a water bucket, Gr. A
   Dutch  and  German  measure  of  liquids, varying in different cities,
   being  at  Amsterdam  about  41  wine  gallons,  at Antwerp 36\'ab, at
   Hamburg 38\'ac. [Written also Aum and Awm.]

                                   Aard-vark

   Aard"-vark` (#), n. [D., earth-pig.] (Zo\'94l.) An edentate mammal, of
   the genus Orycteropus, somewhat resembling a pig, common in some parts
   of  Southern  Africa.  It burrows in the ground, and feeds entirely on
   ants, which it catches with its long, slimy tongue.

                                   Aard-wolf

   Aard"-wolf` (#), n. [D, earth-wolf] (Zo\'94l.) A carnivorous quadruped
   (Proteles  Lalandii),  of  South Africa, resembling the fox and hyena.
   See Proteles.

                              Aaronic, Aaronical

   Aa*ron"ic  (#),  Aa*ron"ic*al  (#),  a. Pertaining to Aaron, the first
   high priest of the Jews.

                                  Aaron's rod

   Aar"on's rod` (#). [See Exodus vii. 9 and Numbers xvii. 8]

   1.  (Arch.)  A  rod  with one serpent twined around it, thus differing
   from the caduceus of Mercury, which has two.

   2.  (Bot.) A plant with a tall flowering stem; esp. the great mullein,
   or hag-taper, and the golden-rod.

                                      Ab-

   Ab- (#). [Latin prep., etymologically the same as E. of, off. See Of.]
   A  prefix  in  many  words  of Latin origin. It signifies from, away ,
   separating, or departure, as in abduct, abstract, abscond. See A-(6).

                                      Ab

   Ab  (#),  n.  [Of  Syriac  origin.] The fifth month of the Jewish year
   according  to  the ecclesiastical reckoning, the eleventh by the civil
   computation, coinciding nearly with August. W. Smith.

                                     Abaca

   Ab"a*ca  (#),  n.  [The  native  name.]  The  Manila-hemp  plant (Musa
   textilis); also, its fiber. See Manila hemp under Manila.

                                   Abacinate

   A*bac"i*nate  (#),  v.t.  [LL. abacinatus, p.p. of abacinare; ab off +
   bacinus  a  basin.]  To blind by a red-hot metal plate held before the
   eyes. [R.]

                                  Abacination

   A*bac`i*na"tion (#), n. The act of abacinating. [R.]

                                   Abaciscus

   Ab`a*cis"cus  (#), n. [Gr.Abacus.] (Arch.) One of the tiles or squares
   of a tessellated pavement; an abaculus.

                                    Abacist

   Ab"a*cist (#), n. [LL abacista, fr. abacus.] One who uses an abacus in
   casting accounts; a calculator.

                                     Aback

   A*back"  (#),  adv.  [Pref. a- + back; AS. on b\'91c at, on, or toward
   the back. See Back.]

   1.  Toward  the back or rear; backward. "Therewith aback she started."
   Chaucer.

   2. Behind; in the rear. Knolles. 

   3.  (Naut.)  Backward against the mast;-said of the sails when pressed
   by the wind. Totten.
   To be taken aback. (a) To be driven backward against the mast; -- said
   of  the sails, also of the ship when the sails are thus driven. (b) To
   be suddenly checked, baffled, or discomfited. Dickens.

                                     Aback

   Ab"ack (#), n. An abacus. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

                                   Abactinal

   Ab*ac"ti*nal  (#),  a.  [L. ab + E. actinal.] (Zo\'94l.) Pertaining to
   the  surface  or  end  opposite  to  the mouth in a radiate animal; --
   opposed to actinal. "The aboral or abactinal area." L. Agassiz.

                                   Abaction

   Ab*ac"tion (#), n. Stealing cattle on a large scale. [Obs.]

                                    Abactor

   Ab*ac"tor  (#), n. [L., fr. abigere to drive away; ab+agere to drive.]
   (Law)  One  who  steals  and  drives away cattle or beasts by herds or
   droves. [Obs.]

                                   Abaculus

   A*bac"u*lus  (#), n.; pl. Abaculi (#). [L., dim. of abacus.] (Arch.) A
   small  tile  of  glass, marble, or other substance, of various colors,
   used in making ornamental patterns in mosaic pavements. Fairholt.

                                    Abacus

   Ab"a*cus  (#),  n.>;  E.  pl. Abacuses ; L. pl. Abaci (#). [L. abacus,
   abax, Gr.

   1.  A  table  or  tray  strewn  with sand, anciently used for drawing,
   calculating, etc. [Obs.]

   2.  A  calculating  table  or  frame;  an  instrument  for  performing
   arithmetical  calculations  by  balls sliding on wires, or counters in
   grooves,  the  lowest  line representing units, the second line, tens,
   etc. It is still employed in China.

   3.  (Arch.)  (a)  The uppermost member or division of the capital of a
   column,  immediately  under  the architrave. See Column. (b) A tablet,
   panel, or compartment in ornamented or mosaic work.

   4.  A board, tray, or table, divided into perforated compartments, for
   holding  cups,  bottles,  or  the like; a kind of cupboard, buffet, or
   sideboard.
   Abacus harmonicus (Mus.), an ancient diagram showing the structure and
   disposition of the keys of an instrument. Crabb.

                                     Abada

   Ab"a*da  (#),  n. [Pg., the female rhinoceros.] The rhinoceros. [Obs.]
   Purchas.

                                    Abaddon

   A*bad"don  (#), n. [Heb. \'bebadd\'d3n destruction, abyss, fr. \'bebad
   to be lost, to perish.]

   1.  The  destroyer,  or  angel  of  the bottomless pit; -- the same as
   Apollyon and Asmodeus.

   2. Hell; the bottomless pit. [Poetic]

     In all her gates, Abaddon rues Thy bold attempt. Milton.

                                     Abaft

   A*baft"  (#),  prep.  [Pref.  a-on  +  OE.  baft, baften, biaften, AS.
   be\'91ftan;  be  by  +  \'91ftan  behind. See After, Aft, By.] (Naut.)
   Behind;  toward  the  stern  from; as, abaft the wheelhouse. Abaft the
   beam. See under Beam.

                                     Abaft

   A*baft", adv. (Naut.) Toward the stern; aft; as, to go abaft.

                                   Abaisance

   A*bai"sance  (#),  n.  [For  obeisance;  confused with F. abaisser, E.
   abase] Obeisance. [Obs.] Jonson.

                                    Abaiser

   A*bai"ser (#), n. Ivory black or animal charcoal. Weale.
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                                    Abaist

   A*baist" (#), p.p. Abashed; confounded; discomfited. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                  Abalienate

   Ab*al"ien*ate  (#),  v.t.  [L.  abalienatus,  p.p. of abalienare; ab +
   alienus foreign, alien. See Alien.]

   1.  (Civil  Law)  To  transfer  the  title  of from one to another; to
   alienate.

   2. To estrange; to withdraw. [Obs.]

   3. To cause alienation of (mind). Sandys.

                                 Abalienation

   Ab*al`ien*a"tion  (#),  n.  [L. abalienatio: cf. F. abalianation.] The
   act of abalienating; alienation; estrangement. [Obs.]

                                    Abalone

   Ab`a*lo"ne  (#),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  univalve  mollusk  of  the  genus
   Haliotis.  The  shell  is  lined  with  mother-of-pearl,  and used for
   ornamental  purposes;  the sea-ear. Several large species are found on
   the coast of California, clinging closely to the rocks.

                                     Aband

   A*band" (#), v.t. [Contracted from abandon.]

   1. To abandon. [Obs.]

     Enforced the kingdom to aband. Spenser.

   2. To banish; to expel. [Obs.] Mir. for Mag.

                                    Abandon

   A*ban"don  (#),  v.t.  [imp.  &  p.p.  Abandoned  (#);  p.pr.  & vb.n.
   Abandoning.]   [OF.   abandoner,   F.abandonner;   a   (L.  ad)+bandon
   permission,   authority,  LL.  bandum,  bannum,  public  proclamation,
   interdiction,  bannire  to  proclaim,  summon: of Germanic origin; cf.
   Goth.  bandwjan  to  show by signs, to designate OHG. banproclamation.
   The word meant to proclaim, put under a ban, put under control; hence,
   as  in OE., to compel, subject, or to leave in the control of another,
   and hence, to give up. See Ban.]

   1. To cast or drive out; to banish; to expel; to reject. [Obs.]

     That he might . . . abandon them from him. Udall.

     Being all this time abandoned from your bed. Shak.

   2.  To  give up absolutely; to forsake entirely ; to renounce utterly;
   to  relinquish  all  connection  with  or  concern on; to desert, as a
   person to whom one owes allegiance or fidelity; to quit; to surrender.

     Hope was overthrown, yet could not be abandoned. I. Taylor.

   3.   Reflexively  :  To  give  (one's  self)  up  without  attempt  at
   self-control  ;  to  yield (one's self) unrestrainedly ; -- often in a
   bad sense.

     He abandoned himself . . . to his favorite vice. Macaulay.

   4.  (Mar.  Law)  To  relinquish  all claim to; -- used when an insured
   person gives up to underwriters all claim to the property covered by a
   policy,  which  may  remain  after  loss  or damage by a peril insured
   against.  Syn.  -- To give up; yield; forego; cede; surrender; resign;
   abdicate;  quit; relinquish; renounce; desert; forsake; leave; retire;
   withdraw  from.  --  To Abandon, Desert, Forsake. These words agree in
   representing  a person as giving up or leaving some object, but differ
   as  to  the mode of doing it. The distinctive sense of abandon is that
   of  giving  up  a  thing  absolutely and finally; as, to abandon one's
   friends, places, opinions, good or evil habits, a hopeless enterprise,
   a  shipwrecked  vessel. Abandon is more widely applicable than forsake
   or  desert.  The  Latin  original  of  desert  appears  to  have  been
   originally  applied  to  the  case of deserters from military service.
   Hence, the verb, when used of persons in the active voice, has usually
   or  always a bad sense, implying some breach of fidelity, honor, etc.,
   the  leaving  of something which the person should rightfully stand by
   and  support;  as,  to  desert  one's colors, to desert one's post, to
   desert  one's  principles or duty. When used in the passive, the sense
   is  not  necessarily  bad;  as,  the  fields were deserted, a deserted
   village,  deserted halls. Forsake implies the breaking off of previous
   habit,  association,  personal  connection, or that the thing left had
   been  familiar  or  frequented; as, to forsake old friends, to forsake
   the  paths  of rectitude, the blood forsook his cheeks. It may be used
   either in a good or in a bad sense.

                                    Abandon

   A*ban"don,   n.   [F.   abandon.  fr.  abandonner.  See  Abandon,  v.]
   Abandonment; relinquishment. [Obs.]

                                    Abandon

   A`ban`don"  (#),  n. [F. See Abandon.] A complete giving up to natural
   impulses;  freedom  from  artificial  constraint;  careless freedom or
   ease.

                                   Abandoned

   A*ban"doned (#), a.

   1. Forsaken, deserted. "Your abandoned streams." Thomson.

   2.  Self-abandoned,  or given up to vice; extremely wicked, or sinning
   without  restraint;  irreclaimably  wicked ; as, an abandoned villain.
   Syn.  -- Profligate; dissolute; corrupt; vicious; depraved; reprobate;
   wicked;  unprincipled;  graceless;  vile.  --  Abandoned,  Profligate,
   Reprobate.  These  adjectives  agree  in  expressing the idea of great
   personal  depravity.  Profligate  has  reference to open and shameless
   immoralities,  either  in  private  life  or  political conduct; as, a
   profligate  court,  a  profligate ministry. Abandoned is stronger, and
   has  reference  to  the  searing  of conscience and hardening of heart
   produced by a man's giving himself wholly up to iniquity; as, a man of
   abandoned  character. Reprobate describes the condition of one who has
   become  insensible  to  reproof, and who is morally abandoned and lost
   beyond hope of recovery.

     God gave them over to a reprobate mind. Rom. i. 28.

                                  Abandonedly

   A*ban"doned*ly, adv. Unrestrainedly.

                                   Abandonee

   A*ban`don*ee" (#), n. (Law) One to whom anything is legally abandoned.

                                   Abandoner

   A*ban"don*er (#), n. One who abandons. Beau. & Fl.

                                  Abandonment

   A*ban"don*ment (#), n. [Cf. F. abandonnement.]

   1.  The  act  of  abandoning,  or  the state of being abandoned; total
   desertion; relinquishment.

     The abandonment of the independence of Europe. Burke.

   2. (Mar. Law) The relinquishment by the insured to the underwriters of
   what  may  remain  of the property insured after a loss or damage by a
   peril insured against.

   3.  (Com. Law) (a) The relinquishment of a right, claim, or privilege,
   as  to  mill  site, etc. (b) The voluntary leaving of a person to whom
   one  is  bound  by  a  special relation, as a wife, husband, or child;
   desertion.

   4. Careless freedom or ease; abandon. [R.] Carlyle.

                                    Abandum

   A*ban"*dum  (#),  n.  [LL.  See  Abandon.] (Law) Anything forfeited or
   confiscated.

                                    Abanet

   Ab"a*net (#), n. See Abnet.

                                    Abanga

   A*ban"ga  (#),  n.  [Name  given  by  the negroes in the island of St.
   Thomas.] A West Indian palm; also the fruit of this palm, the seeds of
   which are used as a remedy for diseases of the chest.

                            Abannation, Abannition

   Ab`an*na"tion  (#),  Ab`an*nition  (#),  n.  [LL.  abannatio; ad + LL.
   bannire to banish.] (Old Law) Banishment. [Obs.] Bailey.

                                Abarticulation

   Ab`ar*tic`u*la"tion  (#),  n.  [L.  ab  +  E.  articulation  :  cf. F.
   abarticulation.  See Article.] (Anat.) Articulation, usually that kind
   of articulation which admits of free motion in the joint; diarthrosis.
   Coxe.

                                     Abase

   A*base"  (#), v.t. [imp.&p.p. Abased (#); p.pr. & vb. n. Abasing.] [F.
   abaisser,  LL. abassare, abbassare ; ad + bassare, fr. bassus low. See
   Base, a.]

   1.  To  lower or depress; to throw or cast down; as, to abase the eye.
   [Archaic] Bacon.

     Saying so, he abased his lance. Shelton.

   2.  To cast down or reduce low or lower, as in rank, office, condition
   in  life,  or  estimation  of  worthiness;  to  depress; to humble; to
   degrade.

     Whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased. Luke xiv. ll.

   Syn.  --  To  Abase, Debase, Degrade. These words agree in the idea of
   bringing down from a higher to a lower state. Abase has reference to a
   bringing  down in condition or feelings; as to abase one's self before
   God.  Debase  has reference to the bringing down of a thing in purity,
   or  making  it base. It is, therefore, always used in a bad sense, as,
   to  debase  the  coin  of  the  kingdom, to debase the mind by vicious
   indulgence,  to  debase  one's  style by coarse or vulgar expressions.
   Degrade  has  reference  to  a bringing down from some higher grade or
   from  some  standard.  Thus,  a  priest  is degraded from the clerical
   office.  When  used  in  a  moral sense, it denotes a bringing down in
   character  and  just  estimation;  as,  degraded  by  intemperance,  a
   degrading  employment,  etc. "Art is degraded when it is regarded only
   as a trade."

                                    Abased

   A*based" (#), a.

   1. Lowered; humbled.

   2.  (Her.)  [F.  abaiss\'82.] Borne lower than usual, as a fess; also,
   having  the ends of the wings turned downward towards the point of the
   shield.

                                   Abasedly

   A*bas"ed*ly (#), adv. Abjectly; downcastly.

                                   Abasement

   A*base"ment  (#),  n.  [Cf.  F.  abaissement.]  The  act  of  abasing,
   humbling,  or  bringing  low;  the  state  of being abased or humbled;
   humiliation.

                                    Abaser

   A*bas"er (#), n. He who, or that which, abases.

                                     Abash

   A*bash"  (#), v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abashed (#); p.pr. & vb. n. Abashing.]
   [OE.  abaissen,  abaisshen,  abashen,  OF.esbahir,  F.  \'82bahir,  to
   astonish,  fr.  L. ex + the interjection bah, expressing astonishment.
   In  OE.  somewhat  confused  with  abase.  Cf. Finish.] To destroy the
   self-possession  of; to confuse or confound, as by exciting suddenly a
   consciousness  of  guilt, mistake, or inferiority; to put to shame; to
   disconcert; to discomfit.

     Abashed, the devil stood, And felt how awful goodness is. Milton.

     He was a man whom no check could abash. Macaulay.

   Syn. -- To confuse; confound; disconcert; shame. -- To Abash, Confuse,
   Confound.  Abash is a stronger word than confuse, but not so strong as
   confound.  We are abashed when struck either with sudden shame or with
   a humbling sense of inferiority; as, Peter was abashed in the presence
   of  those  who  are  greatly his superiors. We are confused when, from
   some  unexpected or startling occurrence, we lose clearness of thought
   and  self-possession.  Thus,  a  witness is often confused by a severe
   cross-examination;  a timid person is apt to be confused in entering a
   room  full  of  strangers.  We  are  confounded  when  our  minds  are
   overwhelmed,  as  it  were,  by  something wholly unexpected, amazing,
   dreadful,  etc.,  so  that we have nothing to say. Thus, a criminal is
   usually confounded at the discovery of his guilt.

     Satan stood Awhile as mute, confounded what to say. Milton.

                                   Abashedly

   A*bash"ed*ly (#), adv. In an abashed manner.

                                   Abashment

   A*bash"ment  (#),  n.  [Cf.  F.  \'82bahissement.]  The state of being
   abashed; confusion from shame.

                                Abassi, Abassis

   A*bas"si  (#),  A*bas"sis (#), n. [Ar.& Per. ab\'bes\'c6, belonging to
   Abas  (a king of Persia).] A silver coin of Persia, worth about twenty
   cents.

                                   Abatable

   A*bat"a*ble  (#),  a. Capable of being abated; as, an abatable writ or
   nuisance.

                                     Abate

   A*bate"  (#),  v.t.  [imp.&  p.p. Abated, p.pr. & vb.n. Abating.] [OF.
   abatre  to  beat  down,  F.  abattre,  LL. abatere; ab or ad + batere,
   battere (popular form for L. batuere to beat). Cf. Bate, Batter.]

   1. To beat down; to overthrow. [Obs.]

     The King of Scots . . . sore abated the walls. Edw. Hall.

   2.  To bring down or reduce from a higher to a lower state, number, or
   degree;  to  lessen;  to  diminish; to contract; to moderate; toto cut
   short; as, to abate a demand; to abate pride, zeal, hope.

     His eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated. Deut. xxxiv. 7.

   3. To deduct; to omit; as, to abate something from a price.

     Nine thousand parishes, abating the odd hundreds. Fuller.

   4. To blunt. [Obs.]

     To abate the edge of envy. Bacon.

   5. To reduce in estimation; to deprive. [Obs.]

     She hath abated me of half my train. Shak.

   6. (Law) (a) To bring entirely down or put an end to; to do away with;
   as,  to abate a nuisance, to abate a writ. (b) (Eng. Law) To diminish;
   to reduce. Legacies are liable to be abated entirely or in proportion,
   upon a deficiency of assets.
   To abate a tax, to remit it either wholly or in part.

                                     Abate

   A*bate" (#), v.i. [See Abate, v.t.]

   1.  To  decrease,  or  become  less  in strength or violence; as, pain
   abates, a storm abates.

     The fury of Glengarry . . . rapidly abated. Macaulay.

   2.  To be defeated, or come to naught; to fall through; to fail; as, a
   writ abates.
   To  abate  into  a  freehold, To abate in lands (Law), to enter into a
   freehold  after  the  death of the last possessor, and before the heir
   takes  possession.  See  Abatement,  4.  Syn. -- To subside; decrease;
   intermit;  decline;  diminish;  lessen.  --  To  Abate, Subside. These
   words,  as  here  compared,  imply  a coming down from some previously
   raised  or  exited  state. Abate expresses this in respect to degrees,
   and  implies  a  diminution  of  force  or of intensity; as, the storm
   abates,  the  cold  abates, the force of the wind abates; or, the wind
   abates,  a  fever  abates. Subside (to settle down) has reference to a
   previous  state of agitation or commotion; as, the waves subside after
   a  storm,  the  wind  subsides  into  a  calm. When the words are used
   figuratively,  the same distinction should be observed. If we conceive
   of  a  thing as having different degrees of intensity or strength, the
   word to be used is abate. Thus we say, a man's anger abates, the ardor
   of  one's  love abates, "Winter rage abates". But if the image be that
   of  a  sinking down into quiet from preceding excitement or commotion,
   the word to be used is subside; as, the tumult of the people subsides,
   the  public mind subsided into a calm. The same is the case with those
   emotions  which  are  tumultuous  in  their  nature;  as,  his passion
   subsides, his joy quickly subsided, his grief subsided into a pleasing
   melancholy.  Yet  if, in such cases, we were thinking of the degree of
   violence of the emotion, we might use abate; as, his joy will abate in
   the progress of time; and so in other instances.

                                     Abate

   A*bate (#), n. Abatement. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

                                   Abatement

   A*bate"ment (#), n. [OF. abatement, F. abattement.]

   1.  The  act  of  abating,  or the state of being abated; a lessening,
   diminution,  or  reduction;  removal  or  putting  an  end to; as, the
   abatement of a nuisance is the suppression thereof.

   2.  The  amount  abated; that which is taken away by way of reduction;
   deduction; decrease; a rebate or discount allowed.

   3. (Her.) A mark of dishonor on an escutcheon.

   4. (Law) The entry of a stranger, without right, into a freehold after
   the  death  of  the  last  possessor,  before  the  heir  or  devisee.
   Blackstone.
   Defense  in  abatement,  Plea  in abatement, (Law), plea to the effect
   that from some formal defect (e.g. misnomer, want of jurisdiction) the
   proceedings should be abated.

                                    Abater

   A*bat"er (#), n. One who, or that which, abates.

                                Abatis, Abattis

   Ab"a*tis, Aba"t*tis, (#) n. [F. abatis, abattis, mass of things beaten
   or  cut  down,  fr.  abattre.  See  Abate.] (Fort.) A means of defense
   formed  by  felled trees, the ends of whose branches are sharpened and
   directed outwards, or against the enemy.

                                   Abatised

   Ab"a*tised (#), a. Provided with an abatis.

                                    Abator

   A*ba"tor  (#),  n.  (Law)  (a) One who abates a nuisance. (b) A person
   who,  without  right,  enters into a freehold on the death of the last
   possessor, before the heir or devisee. Blackstone.

                                   Abattoir

   A`bat`toir" (#), n.; pl. Abattoirs (#). [F., fr. abattre to beat down.
   See Abate.] A public slaughterhouse for cattle, sheep, etc.

                                    Abature

   Ab"a*ture  (#),  n.  [F.  abatture, fr. abattre. See Abate.] Grass and
   sprigs beaten or trampled down by a stag passing through them. Crabb.

                                   Abatvoix

   A`bat`voix"  (#),  n.  [F.  abattre  to  beat  down + voix voice.] The
   sounding-board over a pulpit or rostrum.

                                    Abawed

   Ab*awed"  (#), p.p. [Perh. p.p. of a verb fr. OF. abaubir to frighten,
   disconcert,  fr.  L.  ad  +  balbus  stammering.] Astonished; abashed.
   [Obs.] Chaucer.

                               Abaxial, Abaxile

   Ab*ax"i*al  (#),  Ab*ax"ile  (#),  a. [L. ab + axis axle.] (Bot.) Away
   from the axis or central line; eccentric. Balfour.

                                     Abay

   A*bay"  (#), n. [OF. abay barking.] Barking; baying of dogs upon their
   prey. See Bay. [Obs.]

                                      Abb

   Abb  (#),  n.  [AS.  \'beweb,  \'beb;  pref. a- + web. See Web.] Among
   weaves, yarn for the warp. Hence, abb wool is wool for the abb.

                                     Abba

   Ab"ba  (#),  n.  [Syriac abb\'be father. See Abbot.] Father; religious
   superior;  --  in  the  Syriac, Coptic, and Ethiopic churches, a title
   given to the bishops, and by the bishops to the patriarch.

                                    Abbacy

   Ab"ba*cy  (#),  n.; pl. Abbacies (#). [L. abbatia, fr. abbas, abbatis,
   abbot. See Abbey.] The dignity, estate, or jurisdiction of an abbot.

                                   Abbatial

   Ab*ba"tial (#), a. [LL. abbatialis : cf. F. abbatial.] Belonging to an
   abbey; as, abbatial rights.

                                   Abbatical

   Ab*bat"ic*al (#), a. Abbatial. [Obs.]

                                    Abb\'82

   Ab"b\'82` (#), n.[F. abb\'82. See Abbot.] The French word answering to
   the  English  abbot,  the  head  of  an abbey; but commonly a title of
   respect  given  in  France to every one vested with the ecclesiastical
   habit or dress.

     NOTE: \'b5 Af ter th e 16 th century, the name was given, in social
     parlance, to candidates for some priory or abbey in the gift of the
     crown.  Many  of  these aspirants became well known in literary and
     fashionable life. By further extension, the name came to be applied
     to unbeneficed secular ecclesiastics generally.

   Littr\'82.

                                    Abbess

   Ab"bess  (#),  n. [OF.abaesse, abeesse, F. abbesse, L. abbatissa, fem.
   of  abbas,  abbatis, abbot. See Abbot.] A female superior or governess
   of  a  nunnery, or convent of nuns, having the same authority over the
   nuns which the abbots have over the monks. See Abbey.

                                     Abbey

   Ab"bey  (#), n.; pl. Abbeys (#). [OF. aba\'8be, F. abbaye, L. abbatia,
   fr. abbas abbot. See Abbot.]

   1.  A monastery or society of persons of either sex, secluded from the
   world  and  devoted  to  religion  and  celibacy;  also,  the monastic
   building or buildings.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e me n ar e called monks, and governed by an abbot;
     the women are called nuns, and governed by an abbess.

   2. The church of a monastery.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 3

     NOTE: In Lo  ndon, th e Ab bey me ans We stminster Ab bey, an d in 
     Scotland,  the precincts of the Abbey of Holyrood. The name is also
     retained  for  a  private  residence  on  the site of an abbey; as,
     Newstead Abbey, the residence of Lord Byron.

   Syn. -- Monastery; convent; nunnery; priory; cloister. See Cloister.

                                     Abbot

   Ab"bot  (#),  n.  [AS.  abbod,  abbad,  L. abbas, abbatis, Gr. abb\'be
   father. Cf. Abba, Abb\'90.]

   1. The superior or head of an abbey.

   2.  One  of a class of bishops whose sees were formerly abbeys. Encyc.
   Brit.
   Abbot  of  the  people.  a  title  formerly  given to one of the chief
   magistrates  in  Genoa.  --  Abbot of Misrule (or Lord of Misrule), in
   medi\'91val  times, the master of revels, as at Christmas; in Scotland
   called the Abbot of Unreason. Encyc. Brit.

                                   Abbotship

   Ab"bot*ship (#), n. [Abbot + -ship.] The state or office of an abbot.

                                  Abbreviate

   Ab*bre"vi*ate  (#),  v.t.  [imp. & p.p. Abbreviated (#); p.pr. & vb.n.
   Abbreviating.]  [L.  abbreviatus, p.p. of abbreviare; ad + breviare to
   shorten, fr. brevis short. See Abridge.]

   1.  To  make briefer; to shorten; to abridge; to reduce by contraction
   or omission, especially of words written or spoken.

     It  is  one  thing to abbreviate by contracting, another by cutting
     off. Bacon.

     2. (Math.) To reduce to lower terms, as a fraction.

                                  Abbreviate

     Ab*bre"vi*ate (#), a. [L. abbreviatus, p.p.]

     1.  Abbreviated;  abridged;  shortened. [R.] "The abbreviate form."
     Earle.

     2.  (Biol.) Having one part relatively shorter than another or than
     the ordinary type.

                                  Abbreviate

     Ab*bre"vi*ate, n. An abridgment. [Obs.] Elyot.

                                  Abbreviated

     Ab*bre"vi*a`ted (#), a. Shortened; relatively short; abbreviate.

                                 Abbreviation

     Ab*bre`vi*a"tion (#), n. [LL. abbreviatio: cf. F. abbr\'82viation.]

     1. The act of shortening, or reducing.

     2. The result of abbreviating; an abridgment. Tylor.

     3. The form to which a word or phrase is reduced by contraction and
     omission;  a  letter  or  letters, standing for a word or phrase of
     which  they  are  a  part;  as, Gen. for Genesis; U.S.A. for United
     States of America.

     4.  (Mus.)  One dash, or more, through the stem of a note, dividing
     it  respectively  into  quavers,  semiquavers, or demi-semiquavers.
     Moore.

                                  Abbreviator

     Ab*bre"vi*a`tor (#), n. [LL.: cf. F. abbr\'82viateur.]

     1. One who abbreviates or shortens.

     2.  One  of  a  college  of seventy-two officers of the papal court
     whose  duty  is to make a short minute of a decision on a petition,
     or  reply of the pope to a letter, and afterwards expand the minute
     into official form.

                                 Abbreviatory

     Ab*bre"vi*a*to*ry   (#),  a.  Serving  or  tending  to  abbreviate;
     shortening; abridging.

                                 Abbreviature

     Ab*bre"vi*a*ture (#), n.

     1. An abbreviation; an abbreviated state or form. [Obs.]

     2. An abridgment; a compendium or abstract.

     This is an excellent abbreviature of the whole duty of a Christian.
     Jer. Taylor.

                                   Abb wool

     Abb" wool (#). See Abb.

                                     A B C

     A B C" (#).

     1.  The  first  three  letters  of the alphabet, used for the whole
     alphabet.

     2.  A  primer  for  teaching  the  alphabet  and  first elements of
     reading. [Obs.]

     3. The simplest rudiments of any subject; as, the A B C of finance.

   A B C book, a primer. Shak.

                                     Abdal

   Ab"dal  (#),  n.  [Ar.  bad\'c6l,  pl. abd\'bel, a substitute, a good,
   religious  man,  saint, fr. badala to change, substitute.] A religious
   devotee or dervish in Persia.

                                   Abderian

   Ab*de"ri*an  (#),  a.  [From  Abdera, a town in Thrace, of which place
   Democritus,   the  Laughing  Philosopher,  was  a  native.]  Given  to
   laughter; inclined to foolish or incessant merriment.

                                   Abderite

   Ab*de"rite (#), n. [L. Abderita, Abderites, fr. Gr. ' An inhabitant of
   Abdera, in Thrace. The Abderite, Democritus, the Laughing Philosopher.

                                    Abdest

   Ab"dest  (#),  n. [Per. \'bebdast; ab water + dast hand.] Purification
   by washing the hands before prayer; -- a Mohammedan rite. Heyse.

                                   Abdicable

   Ab"di*ca*ble (#), a. Capable of being abdicated.

                                   Abdicant

   Ab"di*cant  (#),  a.  [L.  abdicans,  p.pr.  of abdicare.] Abdicating;
   renouncing; -- followed by of.

     Monks abdicant of their orders. Whitlock.

                                   Abdicant

   Ab"di*cant, n. One who abdicates. Smart.

                                   Abdicate

   Ab"di*cate  (#),  v.t.  [imp.  &  p.p.  Abdicated  (#);  p.pr. & vb.n.
   Abdicating.] [L. abdicatus, p.p. of abdicare; ab + dicare to proclaim,
   akin to dicere to say. See Diction.]

   1.  To  surrender  or  relinquish,  as  sovereign  power;  to withdraw
   definitely  from  filling  or  exercising,  as a high office, station,
   dignity; as, to abdicate the throne, the crown, the papacy.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e wo rd ab dicate wa s held to mean, in the case of
     James II., to abandon without a formal surrender.

     The cross-bearers abdicated their service. Gibbon.

   2.  To  renounce;  to relinquish; -- said of authority, a trust, duty,
   right, etc.

     He abdicates all right to be his own governor. Burke.

     The understanding abdicates its functions. Froude.

   3. To reject; to cast off. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

   4.  (Civil Law) To disclaim and expel from the family, as a father his
   child;  to  disown;  to  disinherit. Syn. -- To give up; quit; vacate;
   relinquish;   forsake;   abandon;  resign;  renounce;  desert.  --  To
   Abdicate,  Resign. Abdicate commonly expresses the act of a monarch in
   voluntary  and  formally  yielding  up  sovereign  authority;  as,  to
   abdicate  the  government. Resign is applied to the act of any person,
   high  or  low, who gives back an office or trust into the hands of him
   who  conferred  it.  Thus,  a  minister  resigns,  a  military officer
   resigns,  a  clerk  resigns.  The  expression,  "The king resigned his
   crown,"  sometimes  occurs  in  our later literature, implying that he
   held it from his people. -- There are other senses of resign which are
   not here brought into view.

                                   Abdicate

   Ab"di*cate (#), v.i. To relinquish or renounce a throne, or other high
   office or dignity.

     Though  a  king may abdicate for his own person, he cannot abdicate
     for the monarchy. Burke.

                                  Abdication

   Ab`di*ca"tion  (#),  n.  [L. abdicatio: cf. F. abdication.] The act of
   abdicating;  the  renunciation of a high office, dignity, or trust, by
   its  holder;  commonly  the voluntary renunciation of sovereign power;
   as, abdication of the throne, government, power, authority.

                                  Abdicative

   Ab"di*ca*tive   (#),   a.  [L.  abdicativus.]  Causing,  or  implying,
   abdication. [R.] Bailey.

                                   Abdicator

   Ab"di*ca`tor (#), n. One who abdicates.

                                   Abditive

   Ab"di*tive  (#),  a.  [L.  abditivus,  fr. abdere to hide.] Having the
   quality of hiding. [R.] Bailey.

                                   Abditory

   Ab"di*to*ry  (#), n. [L. abditorium.] A place for hiding or preserving
   articles of value. Cowell.

                                    Abdomen

   Ab*do"men  (#),  n.  [L. abdomen (a word of uncertain etymol.): cf. F.
   abdomen.]

   1.  (Anat.) The belly, or that part of the body between the thorax and
   the  pelvis.  Also,  the  cavity  of  the belly, which is lined by the
   peritoneum,  and  contains  the stomach, bowels, and other viscera. In
   man,  often  restricted  to  the  part  between  the diaphragm and the
   commencement  of  the  pelvis,  the  remainder being called the pelvic
   cavity.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) The posterior section of the body, behind the thorax, in
   insects, crustaceans, and other Arthropoda.

                                   Abdominal

   Ab*dom"i*nal (#), a. [Cf. F. abdominal.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  abdomen;  ventral;  as, the abdominal
   regions, muscles, cavity.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) Having abdominal fins; belonging to the Abdominales; as,
   abdominal fishes.
   Abdominal ring (Anat.), a fancied ringlike opening on each side of the
   abdomen,  external  and superior to the pubes; -- called also inguinal
   ring.
   
                                   Abdominal
                                       
   Ab*dom"i*nal, n.; E. pl. Abdominals, L. pl. Abdominales. A fish of the
   group Abdominales. 

                                  Abdominales

   Ab*dom`i*na"les  (#),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  masc.  pl.]  (Zo\'94l.) A group
   including  the  greater  part  of  fresh-water fishes, and many marine
   ones, having the ventral fins under the abdomen behind the pectorals.

                                  Abdominalia

   Ab*dom`i*na"li*a  (#),  n.  pl. [NL., neut. pl.] (Zo\'94l.) A group of
   cirripeds having abdominal appendages.

                                 Abdominoscopy

   Ab*dom`i*nos"co*py (#), n. [L. abdomen + Gr. (Med.) Examination of the
   abdomen to detect abdominal disease.

                               Abdominothoracic

   Ab*dom`i*no*tho*rac"ic (#), a. Relating to the abdomen and the thorax,
   or chest.

                                  Abdominous

   Ab*dom"i*nous (#), a. Having a protuberant belly; pot-bellied.

     Gorgonius sits, abdominous and wan, Like a fat squab upon a Chinese
     fan. Cowper.

                                    Abduce

   Ab*duce"  (#), v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abduced (#); p.pr. & vb.n. Abducing.]
   [L.  abducere  to  lead  away;  ab + ducere to lead. See Duke, and cf.
   Abduct.]  To draw or conduct away; to withdraw; to draw to a different
   part. [Obs.]

     If  we  abduce  the  eye  unto  either  corner, the object will not
     duplicate. Sir T. Browne.

                                    Abduct

   Ab*duct"   (#),  v.t.  [imp.  &  p.p.  Abducted  (#);  p.pr.  &  vb.n.
   Abducting.] [L. abductus, p.p. of abducere. See Abduce.]

   1.  To  take  away  surreptitiously  by  force; to carry away (a human
   being) wrongfully and usually by violence; to kidnap.

   2. To draw away, as a limb or other part, from its ordinary position.

                                   Abduction

   Ab*duc"tion (#), n. [L. abductio: cf. F. abduction.]

   1. The act of abducing or abducting; a drawing apart; a carrying away.
   Roget.

   2.  (Physiol.)  The movement which separates a limb or other part from
   the axis, or middle line, of the body.

   3.  (Law)  The  wrongful,  and usually the forcible, carrying off of a
   human  being;  as,  the  abduction  of  a  child,  the abduction of an
   heiress.

   4.  (Logic)  A  syllogism  or  form  of argument in which the major is
   evident, but the minor is only probable.

                                   Abductor

   Ab*duc"tor (#), n. [NL.]

   1. One who abducts.

   2.  (Anat.)  A  muscle  which  serves  to draw a part out, or form the
   median  line  of the body; as, the abductor oculi, which draws the eye
   outward.

                                     Abeam

   A*beam"  (#), adv. [Pref. a- + beam.] (Naut.) On the beam, that is, on
   a line which forms a right angle with the ship's keel; opposite to the
   center of the ship's side.

                                     Abear

   A*bear" (#), v.t. [AS. \'beberan; pref. \'be- + beran to bear.]

   1. To bear; to behave. [Obs.]

     So did the faery knight himself abear. Spenser.

   2. To put up with; to endure. [Prov.] Dickens.

                                   Abearance

   A*bear"ance (#), n. Behavior. [Obs.] Blackstone.

                                   Abearing

   A*bear"ing, n. Behavior. [Obs.] Sir. T. More.

                                  Abecedarian

   A`be*ce*da"ri*an  (#),  n. [L. abecedarius. A word from the first four
   letters of the alphabet.]

   1. One who is learning the alphabet; hence, a tyro.

   2. One engaged in teaching the alphabet. Wood.

                            Abecedarian, Abecedary

   A`be*ce*da"ri*an,  A`be*ce"da*ry  (#), a. Pertaining to, or formed by,
   the   letters   of   the  alphabet;  alphabetic;  hence,  rudimentary.
   Abecedarian psalms, hymns, etc., compositions in which (like the 119th
   psalm  in Hebrew) distinct portions or verses commence with successive
   letters of the alphabet. Hook.

                                   Abecedary

   A`be*ce"da*ry  (#),  n.  A  primer; the first principle or rudiment of
   anything. [R.] Fuller.

                                     Abed

   A*bed" (#), adv. [Pref. a- in, on + bed.]

   1. In bed, or on the bed.

     Not to be abed after midnight. Shak.

   2.  To childbed (in the phrase "brought abed," that is, delivered of a
   child). Shak.

                                    Abegge

   A*beg"ge (#). Same as Aby. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                     Abele

   A*bele" (#), n. [D. abeel (abeel-boom), OF. abel, aubel, fr. a dim. of
   L. albus white.] The white polar (Populus alba).

     Six abeles i' the churchyard grow. Mrs. Browning.

                          Abelian, Abelite, Abelonian

   A*bel"i*an (#), A"bel*ite (#), A`bel*o"ni*an (#), n. (Eccl. Hist.) One
   of  a  sect  in  Africa (4th century), mentioned by St. Augustine, who
   states  that  they married, but lived in continence, after the manner,
   as they pretended, of Abel.

                                   Abelmosk

   A"bel*mosk`  (#),  n.  [NL.  abelmoschus, fr. Ar. abu-l-misk father of
   musk,  i.e.,  producing  musk.  See  Musk.]  (Bot.) An evergreen shrub
   (Hibiscus  --  formerly  Abelmoschus-moschatus),  of the East and West
   Indies  and  Northern  Africa, whose musky seeds are used in perfumery
   and to flavor coffee; -- sometimes called musk mallow.

                                 Ab er-de-vine

   Ab`  er-de-vine"  (#),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The European siskin (Carduelis
   spinus), a small green and yellow finch, related to the goldfinch.

                                     Aberr

   Ab*err"  (#),  v.i.  [L. aberrare. See Aberrate.] To wander; to stray.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

                             Aberrance, Aberrancy

   Ab*er"rance  (#),  Ab*er"ran*cy  (#),  n.  State  of being aberrant; a
   wandering  from  the  right way; deviation from truth, rectitude, etc.
   Aberrancy  of  curvature  (Geom.),  the  deviation  of  a curve from a
   circular form.

                                   Aberrant

   Ab*er"rant  (#),  a.  [L.  aberrans,  -rantis, p.pr. of aberrare.] See
   Aberr.]

   1. Wandering; straying from the right way.

   2.  (Biol.)  Deviating from the ordinary or natural type; exceptional;
   abnormal.

     The  more  aberrant  any  form  is,  the greater must have been the
     number   of  connecting  forms  which,  on  my  theory,  have  been
     exterminated. Darwin.

                                   Aberrate

   Ab"er*rate  (#), v.i. [L. aberratus, p.pr. of aberrare; ab + errare to
   wander. See Err.] To go astray; to diverge. [R.]

     Their own defective and aberrating vision. De Quincey.

                                  Aberration

   Ab`er*ra"tion (#), n. [L. aberratio: cf. F. aberration. See Aberrate.]

   1.  The  act  of  wandering; deviation, especially from truth or moral
   rectitude,  from the natural state, or from a type. "The aberration of
   youth." Hall. "Aberrations from theory." Burke.

   2.   A  partial  alienation  of  reason.  "Occasional  aberrations  of
   intellect." Lingard.

     Whims,  which  at first are the aberrations of a single brain, pass
     with heat into epidemic form. I. Taylor.

   3.  (Astron.)  A  small periodical change of position in the stars and
   other  heavenly  bodies,  due  to the combined effect of the motion of
   light  and  the motion of the observer; called annual aberration, when
   the  observer's motion is that of the earth in its orbit, and dairy or
   diurnal  aberration,  when  of  the  earth on its axis; amounting when
   greatest,  in the former case, to 20.4'', and in the latter, to 0.3''.
   Planetary aberration is that due to the motion of light and the motion
   of the planet relative to the earth.

   4.  (Opt.)  The convergence to different foci, by a lens or mirror, of
   rays  of light emanating from one and the same point, or the deviation
   of  such  rays  from a single focus; called spherical aberration, when
   due  to  the  spherical  form  of the lens or mirror, such form giving
   different   foci   for   central  and  marginal  rays;  and  chromatic
   aberration, when due to different refrangibilities of the colored rays
   of the spectrum, those of each color having a distinct focus.

   5.  (Physiol.)  The  passage  of  blood  or other fluid into parts not
   appropriate for it.

   6.  (Law)  The producing of an unintended effect by the glancing of an
   instrument,  as when a shot intended for A glances and strikes B. Syn.
   --   Insanity;   lunacy;   madness;  derangement;  alienation;  mania;
   dementia; hallucination; illusion; delusion. See Insanity.

                                 Aberrational

   Ab`er*ra"tion*al (#), a. Characterized by aberration.

                                  Aberuncate

   Ab`e*run"cate   (#),   v.t.   [L.  aberuncare,  for  aberruncare.  See
   Averruncate.] To weed out. [Obs.] Bailey.

                                  Aberuncator

   Ab`e*run"ca*tor (#), n. A weeding machine.

                                     Abet

   A*bet"  (#),  v.t.  [imp. & p.p. Abetted (#); p.pr. & vb.n. Abetting.]
   [OF. abeter; a (L. ad) + beter to bait (as a bear), fr. Icel. beita to
   set  dogs on, to feed, originally, to cause to bite, fr. Icel. b\'c6ta
   to bite, hence to bait, to incite. See Bait, Bet.]

   1.  To  instigate or encourage by aid or countenance; -- used in a bad
   sense of persons and acts; as, to abet an ill-doer; to abet one in his
   wicked  courses;  to  abet  vice;  to abet an insurrection. "The whole
   tribe abets the villany." South.

     Would  not  the  fool abet the stealth, Who rashly thus exposed his
     wealth? Gay.

   2.  To  support,  uphold,  or  aid;  to  maintain; -- in a good sense.
   [Obs.].

     Our duty is urged, and our confidence abetted. Jer. Taylor.

   3.   (Law)To  contribute,  as  an  assistant  or  instigator,  to  the
   commission  of  an  offense. Syn. -- To incite; instigate; set on; egg
   on;  foment;  advocate;  countenance;  encourage; second; uphold; aid;
   assist; support; sustain; back; connive at.

                                     Abet

   A*bet"  (#),  n.  [OF. abet, fr. abeter.] Act of abetting; aid. [Obs.]
   Chaucer.

                                   Abetment

   A*bet"ment  (#),  n.  The act of abetting; as, an abetment of treason,
   crime, etc.

                                    Abettal

   A*bet"tal (#), n. Abetment. [R.]
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   Page 4

                               Abetter, Abettor

   A*bet"ter,  A*bet*tor  (#),  n.  One  who  abets;  an instigator of an
   offense or an offender.

     NOTE: &hand; The form abettor is the legal term and also in general
     use.

   Syn.  --  Abettor, Accessory, Accomplice. These words denote different
   degrees  of  complicity  in  some deed or crime. An abettor is one who
   incites  or encourages to the act, without sharing in its performance.
   An  accessory  supposes  a  principal offender. One who is neither the
   chief actor in an offense, nor present at its performance, but accedes
   to  or  becomes  involved  in  its  guilt,  either by some previous or
   subsequent act, as of instigating, encouraging, aiding, or concealing,
   etc.,  is  an  accessory. An accomplice is one who participates in the
   commission  of  an offense, whether as principal or accessory. Thus in
   treason,  there are no abettors or accessories, but all are held to be
   principals or accomplices.

                                 Abevacuation

   Ab`e*vac"u*a"tion  (#),  n. [Pref. ab- + evacuation.] (Med.) A partial
   evacuation. Mayne.

                                   Abeyance

   A*bey"ance  (#),  n.  [OF.  abeance  expectation, longing; a (L. ad) +
   baer, beer, to gape, to look with open mouth, to expect, F. bayer, LL.
   badare to gape.]

   1. (Law) Expectancy; condition of being undetermined.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh en th ere is  no  pe rson in  ex istence in whom an
     inheritance  (or a dignity) can vest, it is said to be in abeyance,
     that   is,  in  expectation;  the  law  considering  it  as  always
     potentially  existing,  and  ready  to vest whenever a proper owner
     appears.

   Blackstone.

   2. Suspension; temporary suppression.

     Keeping  the  sympathies of love and admiration in a dormant state,
     or state of abeyance. De Quincey.

                                   Abeyancy

   A*bey"an*cy (#), n. Abeyance. [R.] Hawthorne.

                                    Abeyant

   A*bey"ant (#), a. Being in a state of abeyance.

                                     Abhal

   Ab"hal (#), n. The berries of a species of cypress in the East Indies.

                                  Abhominable

   Ab*hom"i*na*ble (#), a. Abominable.

     NOTE: [A fa lse or thography an ciently us ed; h  wa s foisted into
     various words; hence abholish, for abolish, etc.]

     This  is  abhominable, which he [Don Armado] would call abominable.
     Shak. Love's Labor's Lost, v. 1.

                                   Abhominal

   Ab*hom`i*nal  (#), a. [L. ab away from + homo, hominis, man.] Inhuman.
   [Obs.] Fuller.

                                     Abhor

   Ab*hor"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Abhorred (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Abhorring.]  [L.  abhorrere; ab + horrere to bristle, shiver, shudder:
   cf. F. abhorrer. See Horrid.]

   1.  To  shrink  back  with  shuddering  from; to regard with horror or
   detestation;  to  feel  excessive  repugnance  toward;  to  detest  to
   extremity; to loathe.

     Abhor  that  which is evil; cleave to that which is good. Rom. xii.
     9.

   2. To fill with horror or disgust. [Obs.]

     It doth abhor me now I speak the word. Shak.

   3. (Canon Law) To protest against; to reject solemnly. [Obs.]

     I utterly abhor, yea, from my soul Refuse you for my judge. Shak.

   Syn. -- To hate; detest; loathe; abominate. See Hate.

                                     Abhor

   Ab*hor",  v. i. To shrink back with horror, disgust, or dislike; to be
   contrary  or averse; -- with from. [Obs.] "To abhor from those vices."
   Udall.

     Which is utterly abhorring from the end of all law. Milton.

                                  Abhorrence

   Ab*hor"rence  (#),  n.  Extreme  hatred or detestation; the feeling of
   utter dislike.

                                  Abhorrency

   Ab*hor"ren*cy (#), n. Abhorrence. [Obs.] Locke.

                                   Abhorrent

   Ab*hor"rent (#), a. [L. abhorens, -rentis, p. pr. of abhorrere.]

   1.  Abhorring;  detesting;  having  or  showing  abhorrence; loathing;
   hence, strongly opposed to; as, abhorrent thoughts.

     The persons most abhorrent from blood and treason. Burke.

     The arts of pleasure in despotic courts I spurn abhorrent. Clover.

   2. Contrary or repugnant; discordant; inconsistent; -- followed by to.
   "Injudicious  profanation,  so  abhorrent to our stricter principles."
   Gibbon.

   3. Detestable. "Pride, abhorrent as it is." I. Taylor.

                                  Abhorrently

   Ab*hor"rent*ly, adv. With abhorrence.

                                   Abhorrer

   Ab*hor"rer (#), n. One who abhors. Hume.

                                  Abhorrible

   Ab*hor"ri*ble (#), a. Detestable. [R.]

                                   Abhorring

   Ab*hor"ring (#), n.

   1. Detestation. Milton.

   2. Object of abhorrence. Isa. lxvi. 24.

                                     Abib

   A"bib  (#),  n.  [Heb.  ab\'c6b, lit. an ear of corn. The month was so
   called  from barley being at that time in ear.] The first month of the
   Jewish  ecclesiastical  year, corresponding nearly to our April. After
   the Babylonish captivity this month was called Nisan. Kitto.

                                   Abidance

   A*bid"ance   (#),   n.  The  state  of  abiding;  abode;  continuance;
   compliance (with).

     The  Christians  had  no  longer  abidance  in  the  holy  hill  of
     Palestine. Fuller.

     A judicious abidance by rules. Helps.

                                     Abide

   A*bide" (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abode (#), formerly Abid(#); p. pr. &
   vb. n. Abiding (#).] [AS. \'beb\'c6dan; pref. \'be- (cf. Goth. us-, G.
   er-, orig. meaning out) + b\'c6dan to bide. See Bide.]

   1. To wait; to pause; to delay. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2.  To stay; to continue in a place; to have one's abode; to dwell; to
   sojourn;  --  with  with  before  a person, and commonly with at or in
   before a place.

     Let the damsel abide with us a few days. Gen. xxiv. 55.

   3.  To remain stable or fixed in some state or condition; to continue;
   to remain.

     Let every man abide in the same calling. 1 Cor. vii. 20.

   Followed by by: To abide by. (a) To stand to; to adhere; to maintain.

     The  poor  fellow  was obstinate enough to abide by what he said at
     first. Fielding.

   (b)  To  acquiesce;  to  conform  to; as, to abide by a decision or an
   award.

                                     Abide

   A*bide", v. t.

   1.  To  wait  for;  to  be prepared for; to await; to watch for; as, I
   abide my time. "I will abide the coming of my lord." Tennyson.

     NOTE: [[Obs.], with a personal object.

     Bonds and afflictions abide me. Acts xx. 23.

   2. To endure; to sustain; to submit to.

     [Thou] shalt abide her judgment on it. Tennyson.

   3. To bear patiently; to tolerate; to put up with.

     She could not abide Master Shallow. Shak.

   4.

     NOTE: [Confused with aby to pay for. See Aby.]

   To stand the consequences of; to answer for; to suffer for.

     Dearly I abide that boast so vain. Milton.

                                    Abider

   A*bid"er (#), n.

   1.  One  who  abides,  or  continues.  [Obs.] "Speedy goers and strong
   abiders." Sidney.

   2. One who dwells; a resident. Speed.

                                    Abiding

   A*bid"ing, a. Continuing; lasting.

                                   Abidingly

   A*bid"ing*ly, adv. Permanently. Carlyle.

                                     Abies

   A"bi*es  (#),  n.  [L., fir tree.] (Bot.) A genus of coniferous trees,
   properly called Fir, as the balsam fir and the silver fir. The spruces
   are sometimes also referred to this genus.

                                   Abietene

   Ab"i*e*tene  (#),  n.  [L. abies, abietis, a fir tree.] A volatile oil
   distilled  from  the resin or balsam of the nut pine (Pinus sabiniana)
   of California.

                                    Abietic

   Ab`i*et"ic  (#),  a. Of or pertaining to the fir tree or its products;
   as, abietic acid, called also sylvic acid. Watts.

                               Abietin, Abietine

   Ab"i*e*tin,  Ab"i*e*tine  (#),  n.  [See Abietene.] (Chem.) A resinous
   obtained  from  Strasburg  turpentine  or Canada balsam. It is without
   taste  or  smell,  is  insoluble  in  water,  but  soluble  in alcohol
   (especially  at  the  boiling  point),  in  strong acetic acid, and in
   ether. Watts.

                                   Abietinic

   Ab`i*e*tin"ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to abietin; as, abietinic acid.

                                   Abietite

   Ab"i*e*tite  (#),  n. (Chem.) A substance resembling mannite, found in
   the needles of the common silver fir of Europe (Abies pectinata). Eng.
   Cyc.

                                    Abigail

   Ab"i*gail  (#),  n. [The proper name used as an appellative.] A lady's
   waiting-maid. Pepys.

     Her  abigail reported that Mrs. Gutheridge had a set of night curls
     for sleeping in. Leslie.

                                   Abiliment

   A*bil"i*ment (#), n. Habiliment. [Obs.]

                                    Ability

   A*bil"i*ty   (#),  n.;  pl.  Abilities(#).  [F.  habilet\'82,  earlier
   spelling  habilit\'82 (with silent h), L. habilitas aptitude, ability,
   fr.  habilis apt. See Able.] The quality or state of being able; power
   to  perform,  whether  physical, moral, intellectual, conventional, or
   legal;   capacity;  skill  or  competence  in  doing;  sufficiency  of
   strength, skill, resources, etc.; -- in the plural, faculty, talent.

     Then  the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined
     to send relief unto the brethren. Acts xi. 29.

     Natural  abilities  are  like  natural plants, that need pruning by
     study. Bacon.

     The public men of England, with much of a peculiar kind of ability.
     Macaulay.

   Syn. -- Capacity; talent; cleverness; faculty; capability; efficiency;
   aptitude; aptness; address; dexterity; skill. Ability, Capacity. These
   words  come  into  comparison  when applied to the higher intellectual
   powers. Ability has reference to the active exercise of our faculties.
   It  implies  not  only  native  vigor  of  mind,  but  that  ease  and
   promptitude  of  execution  which arise from mental training. Thus, we
   speak  of  the  ability  with  which  a  book  is written, an argument
   maintained,  a  negotiation carried on, etc. It always something to be
   done,  and  the  power  of  doing  it.  Capacity  has reference to the
   receptive  powers. In its higher exercises it supposes great quickness
   of  apprehension  and  breadth of intellect, with an uncommon aptitude
   for  acquiring  and  retaining knowledge. Hence it carries with it the
   idea  of  resources  and  undeveloped  power.  Thus  we  speak  of the
   extraordinary  capacity  of such men as Lord Bacon, Blaise Pascal, and
   Edmund Burke. "Capacity," says H. Taylor, "is requisite to devise, and
   ability  to  execute,  a great enterprise." The word abilities, in the
   plural,  embraces  both  these  qualities,  and  denotes  high  mental
   endowments.

                                Abime or Abyme

   A*bime" or A*byme" (#), n. [F. ab\'8cme. See Abysm.] A abyss. [Obs.]

                                  Abiogenesis

   Ab`i*o*gen"e*sis  (#),  n.  [Gr.  (Biol.)  The supposed origination of
   living  organisms  from  lifeless  matter;  such  genesis  as does not
   involve  the  action  of  living  parents;  spontaneous generation; --
   called also abiogeny, and opposed to biogenesis.

     I  shall call the . . . doctrine that living matter may be produced
     by not living matter, the hypothesis of abiogenesis. Huxley, 1870.

                                  Abiogenetic

   Ab`i*o*ge*net"ic  (#),  a.  (Biol.)  Of  or pertaining to abiogenesis.
   Ab`i*o*ge*net"ic*al*ly, adv.

                                  Abiogenist

   Ab`i*og"e*nist  (#),  n.  (Biol.)  One  who  believes that life can be
   produced independently of antecedent. Huxley.

                                  Abiogenous

   Ab`i*og"e*nous (#), a. (Biol.) Produced by spontaneous generation.

                                   Abiogeny

   Ab`i*og"e*ny (#), n. (Biol.) Same as Abiogenesis.

                                  Abiological

   Ab`i*o*log"ic*al  (#), a. [Gr. biological.] Pertaining to the study of
   inanimate things.

                                  Abirritant

   Ab*ir"ri*tant (#), n. (Med.) A medicine that diminishes irritation.

                                  Abirritate

   Ab*ir"ri*tate  (#),  v.  t. [Pref. ab- + irritate.] (Med.) To diminish
   the sensibility of; to debilitate.

                                 Abirritation

   Ab*ir`ri*ta"tion  (#),  n. (Med.) A pathological condition opposite to
   that of irritation; debility; want of strength; asthenia.

                                 Abirritative

   Ab*ir"ri*ta*tive  (#),  a.  (Med.)  Characterized  by  abirritation or
   debility.

                                     Abit

   A*bit" (#), 3d sing. pres. of Abide. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Abject

   Ab"ject  (#),  a.  [L. abjectus, p. p. of abjicere to throw away; ab +
   jacere to throw. See Jet a shooting forth.]

   1. Cast down; low-lying. [Obs.]

     From  the  safe  shore  their floating carcasses And broken chariot
     wheels;  so  thick bestrown Abject and lost lay these, covering the
     flood. Milton.

   2. Sunk to a law condition; down in spirit or hope; degraded; servile;
   groveling;  despicable;  as,  abject posture, fortune, thoughts. "Base
   and abject flatterers." Addison. "An abject liar." Macaulay.

     And banish hence these abject, lowly dreams. Shak.

   Syn.  --  Mean;  groveling; cringing; mean-spirited; slavish; ignoble;
   worthless; vile; beggarly; contemptible; degraded.

                                    Abject

   Ab*ject"  (#),  v. t. [From Abject, a.] To cast off or down; hence, to
   abase; to degrade; to lower; to debase. [Obs.] Donne.

                                    Abject

   Ab"ject  (#), n. A person in the lowest and most despicable condition;
   a castaway. [Obs.]

     Shall  these abjects, these victims, these outcasts, know any thing
     of pleasure? I. Taylor.

                                 Abjectedness

   Ab*ject"ed*ness  (#),  n.  A very abject or low condition; abjectness.
   [R.] Boyle.

                                   Abjection

   Ab*jec"tion (#), n. [F. abjection, L. abjectio.]

   1.  The  act  of bringing down or humbling. "The abjection of the king
   and his realm." Joe.

   2. The state of being rejected or cast out. [R.]

     An  adjection  from  the beatific regions where God, and his angels
     and saints, dwell forever. Jer. Taylor.

   3.   A   low   or  downcast  state;  meanness  of  spirit;  abasement;
   degradation.

     That  this  should  be  termed  baseness,  abjection  of  mind,  or
     servility, is it credible? Hooker.

                                   Abjectly

   Ab"ject*ly (#), adv. Meanly; servilely.

                                  Abjectness

   Ab"ject*ness,  n.  The  state  of  being  abject; abasement; meanness;
   servility. Grew.

                                    Abjudge

   Ab*judge"  (#),  v. t. [Pref. ab- + judge, v. Cf. Abjudicate.] To take
   away by judicial decision. [R.]

                                  Abjudicate

   Ab*ju"di*cate  (#),  v.  t. [L. abjudicatus, p. p. of abjudicare; ab +
   judicare. See Judge, and cf. Abjudge.] To reject by judicial sentence;
   also, to abjudge. [Obs.] Ash.

                                 Abjudication

   Ab*ju`di*ca"tion (#), n. Rejection by judicial sentence. [R.] Knowles.

                                   Abjugate

   Ab"ju*gate  (#),  v.  t. [L. abjugatus, p. p. of abjugare.] To unyoke.
   [Obs.] Bailey.

                                  Abjunctive

   Ab*junc"tive  (#),  a. [L. abjunctus, p. p. of abjungere; ab + jungere
   to join.] Exceptional. [R.]

     It  is this power which leads on from the accidental and abjunctive
     to the universal. I. Taylor.

                                  Abjuration

   Ab`ju*ra"tion (#), n. [L. abjuratio: cf. F. abjuration.]

   1.  The  act of abjuring or forswearing; a renunciation upon oath; as,
   abjuration  of  the  realm, a sworn banishment, an oath taken to leave
   the country and never to return.

   2. A solemn recantation or renunciation; as, an abjuration of heresy.
   Oath  of  abjuration, an oath asserting the right of the present royal
   family  to  the crown of England, and expressly abjuring allegiance to
   the descendants of the Pretender. Brande & C.

                                  Abjuratory

   Ab*ju"ra*to*ry (#), a. Containing abjuration.

                                    Abjure

   Ab*jure"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Abjured (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Abjuring  (#).]  [L. abjurare to deny upon oath; ab + jurare to swear,
   fr. jus, juris, right, law; cf. F. abjurer. See Jury.]

   1.  To  renounce  upon  oath;  to  forswear; to disavow; as, to abjure
   allegiance to a prince. To abjure the realm, is to swear to abandon it
   forever.

   2.  To  renounce  or  reject  with  solemnity;  to  recant; to abandon
   forever;  to  reject;  repudiate;  as, to abjure errors. "Magic I here
   abjure." Shak. Syn. -- See Renounce.

                                    Abjure

   Ab*jure", v. i. To renounce on oath. Bp. Burnet.

                                  Abjurement

   Ab*jure"ment (#), n. Renunciation. [R.]

                                    Abjurer

   Ab*jur"er (#), n. One who abjures.

                                   Ablactate

   Ab*lac"tate  (#),  v.  t.  [L.  ablactatus,  p.  p. of ablactare; ab +
   lactare to suckle, fr. lac milk.] To wean. [R.] Bailey.

                                  Ablactation

   Ab`lac*ta"tion (#). n.

   1.  The  weaning  of  a child from the breast, or of young beasts from
   their dam. Blount.

   2.  (Hort.)  The process of grafting now called inarching, or grafting
   by approach.

                                  Ablaqueate

   Ab*la"que*ate (#), v. t. [L. ablaqueatus, p. p. of. ablaqueare; fr. ab
   +  laqueus  a  noose.]  To  lay  bare,  as the roots of a tree. [Obs.]
   Bailey.

                                 Ablaqueation

   Ab*la`que*a"tion  (#),  n.  [L.  ablaqueatio.]  The  act or process of
   laying  bare  the  roots of trees to expose them to the air and water.
   [Obs.] Evelyn.

                                  Ablastemic

   Ab`las*tem"ic (#), a. [Gr. (Biol.) Non-germinal.

                                   Ablation

   Ab*la"tion  (#), n. [L. ablatio, fr. ablatus p. p. of auferre to carry
   away;  ab  +  latus,  p.  p.  of  ferre  carry:  cf.  F. ablation. See
   Tolerate.]

   1. A carrying or taking away; removal. Jer. Taylor.

   2. (Med.) Extirpation. Dunglison.

   3. (Geol.) Wearing away; superficial waste. Tyndall.

                                  Ablatitious

   Ab`la*ti"tious  (#),  a. Diminishing; as, an ablatitious force. Sir J.
   Herschel.

                                   Ablative

   Ab"la*tive  (#),  a.  [F. ablatif, ablative, L. ablativus fr. ablatus.
   See Ablation.]

   1. Taking away or removing. [Obs.]

     Where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, ablative directions
     are  found  needful  to  unteach error, ere we can learn truth. Bp.
     Hall.

   2.  (Gram.)  Applied to one of the cases of the noun in Latin and some
   other languages, -- the fundamental meaning of the case being removal,
   separation, or taking away.

                                   Ablative

   Ab"la*tive,   (Gram.)   The   ablative   case.  ablative  absolute,  a
   construction  in  Latin,  in  which  a noun in the ablative case has a
   participle  (either expressed or implied), agreeing with it in gender,
   number,  and case, both words forming a clause by themselves and being
   unconnected,  grammatically,  with  the  rest  of  the  sentence;  as,
   Tarquinio  regnante,  Pythagoras  venit,  i.  e., Tarquinius reigning,
   Pythagoras came.
   
                                    Ablaut
                                       
   Ab"laut  (#), n. [Ger., off-sound; ab off + laut sound.] (Philol.) The
   substitution  of  one  root  vowel  for  another,  thus  indicating  a
   corresponding  modification  of use or meaning; vowel permutation; as,
   get, gat, got; sing, song; hang, hung. Earle. <-- p. 5 -->
   
                                    Ablaze
                                       
   A*blaze" (#), adv. & a. [Pref. a- + blaze.]
   
   1. On fire; in a blaze, gleaming. Milman.
   
     All ablaze with crimson and gold. Longfellow.

   2. In a state of glowing excitement or ardent desire.

     The  young  Cambridge democrats were all ablaze to assist Torrijos.
     Carlyle.

                                     Able

   A"ble  (#),  a. [Comp. Abler (#); superl. Ablest (#).] [OF. habile, L.
   habilis  that may be easily held or managed, apt, skillful, fr. habere
   to have, hold. Cf. Habile and see Habit.]

   1. Fit; adapted; suitable. [Obs.]

     A many man, to ben an abbot able. Chaucer.

   2.   Having  sufficient  power,  strength,  force,  skill,  means,  or
   resources   of  any  kind  to  accomplish  the  object;  possessed  of
   qualifications rendering competent for some end; competent; qualified;
   capable;  as,  an able workman, soldier, seaman, a man able to work; a
   mind  able  to  reason;  a  person able to be generous; able to endure
   pain; able to play on a piano.

   3.  Specially:  Having  intellectual  qualifications, or strong mental
   powers;  showing ability or skill; talented; clever; powerful; as, the
   ablest man in the senate; an able speech.

     No man wrote abler state papers. Macaulay.

   4. (Law) Legally qualified; possessed of legal competence; as, able to
   inherit or devise property.

     NOTE:

   Able for, is Scotticism.

     "Hardly able for such a march." Robertson.

   Syn.  --  Competent; qualified; fitted; efficient; effective; capable;
   skillful; clever; vigorous; powerful.

                                     Able

   A"ble, v. t. [See Able, a.] [Obs.]

   1. To make able; to enable; to strengthen. Chaucer.

   2. To vouch for. "I 'll able them." Shak.

                                     able

   *a*ble (#). [F. -able, L. -abilis.] An adjective suffix now usually in
   a  passive  sense;  able  to  be;  fit  to  be; expressing capacity or
   worthiness  in  a  passive  sense;  as,  movable,  able  to  be moved;
   amendable, able to be amended; blamable, fit to be blamed; salable.

     NOTE: The form ible is used in the same sense.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  di fficult to say when we are not to use -able
     instead of -ible. "Yet a rule may be laid down as to when we are to
     use  it.  To all verbs, then, from the Anglo-Saxon, to all based on
     the  uncorrupted  infinitival  stems  of  Latin  verbs of the first
     conjugation, and to all substantives, whencesoever sprung, we annex
     -able only."

   Fitzed. Hall.

                                  Able-bodied

   A`ble-bod"ied   (#),  a.  Having  a  sound,  strong  body;  physically
   competent;     robust.     "Able-bodied     vagrant."    Froude.    --
   A`ble-bod"ied*ness, n..

                                   Ablegate

   Ab"le*gate (#), v. t. [L. ablegatus, p. p. of ablegare; ab + legare to
   send with a commission. See Legate.] To send abroad. [Obs.] Bailey.

                                   Ablegate

   Ab"le*gate  (#),  n.  (R. C. Ch.) A representative of the pope charged
   with  important  commissions  in  foreign countries, one of his duties
   being to bring to a newly named cardinal his insignia of office.

                                  Ablegation

   Ab`le*ga"tion  (#),  n.  [L.  ablegatio.]  The  act of sending abroad.
   [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.

                                  Able-minded

   A`ble-mind"ed   (#),   a.   Having   much   intellectual   power.   --
   A`ble-mind"ed*ness, n.

                                   Ableness

   A"ble*ness (#), n. Ability of body or mind; force; vigor. [Obs. or R.]

                                    Ablepsy

   Ab"lep*sy (#), n. [Gr. Blindness. [R.] Urquhart.

                                     Abler

   A"bler (#), a., comp. of Able. -- A"blest (#), a., superl. of Able.

                                 Ablet, Ablen

   Ab"let  (#),  Ab"len  [F.  ablet,  ablette,  a dim. fr. LL. abula, for
   albula,   dim.   of  albus  white.  Cf.  Abele.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A  small
   fresh-water fish (Leuciscus alburnus); the bleak.

                                   Abligate

   Ab"li*gate  (#),  v.  t. [L. ab + ligatus, p. p. of ligare to tie.] To
   tie up so as to hinder from. [Obs.]

                                 Abligurition

   Ab*lig`u*ri"tion  (#),  n.  [L. abligurito, fr. abligurire to spend in
   luxurious  indulgence;  ab  +  ligurire  to  be lickerish, dainty, fr.
   lingere to lick.] Prodigal expense for food. [Obs.] Bailey.

                                    Ablins

   A"blins (#), adv. [See Able.] Perhaps. [Scot.]

                                    Abloom

   A*bloom" (#), adv. [Pref. a- + bloom.] In or into bloom; in a blooming
   state. Masson.

                                    Ablude

   Ab*lude"  (#), v. t. [L. abludere; ab + ludere to play.] To be unlike;
   to differ. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

                                    Abluent

   Ab"lu*ent  (#),  a. [L. abluens, p. pr. of. abluere to wash away; ab +
   luere   (lavere,  lavare).  See  Lave.]  Washing  away;  carrying  off
   impurities; detergent. -- n. (Med.) A detergent.

                                    Ablush

   A*blush" (#), adv. & a. [Pref. a- + blush.] Blushing; ruddy.

                                   Ablution

   Ab*lu`tion  (#),  n.  [L.  ablutio,  fr. abluere: cf. F. ablution. See
   Abluent.]

   1.  The  act of washing or cleansing; specifically, the washing of the
   body, or some part of it, as a religious rite.

   2.  The  water  used  in  cleansing. "Cast the ablutions in the main."
   Pope.

   3.  (R.  C.  Ch.) A small quantity of wine and water, which is used to
   wash  the  priest's  thumb  and  index finger after the communion, and
   which   then,  as  perhaps  containing  portions  of  the  consecrated
   elements, is drunk by the priest.

                                  Ablutionary

   Ab*lu"tion*a*ry (#), a. Pertaining to ablution.

                                   Abluvion

   Ab*lu"vi*on  (#),  n. [LL. abluvio. See Abluent.] That which is washed
   off. [R.] Dwight.

                                     Ably

   A"bly  (#), adv. In an able manner; with great ability; as, ably done,
   planned, said.

                                     -ably

   -a*bly(#).  A  suffix  composed of -able and the adverbial suffix -ly;
   as, favorably.

                                   Abnegate

   Ab"ne*gate  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Abnegated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Abnegating.] [L. abnegatus,p. p. of abnegare; ab + negare to deny. See
   Deny.] To deny and reject; to abjure. Sir E. Sandys. Farrar.

                                  Abnegation

   Ab`ne*ga"tion  (#), n. [L. abnegatio: cf. F. abn\'82gation.] a denial;
   a renunciation.

     With  abnegation  of  God,  of his honor, and of religion, they may
     retain the friendship of the court. Knox.

                                  Abnegative

   Ab"ne*ga*tive (#), a. [L. abnegativus.] Denying; renouncing; negative.
   [R.] Clarke.

                                   Abnegator

   Ab"ne*ga`tor(#),  n.  [L.]  One  who  abnegates,  denies,  or  rejects
   anything. [R.]

                                     Abnet

   Ab"net (#), n. [Heb.] The girdle of a Jewish priest or officer.

                                   Abnodate

   Ab"no*date  (#),  v.  t.  [L. abnodatus, p. p. of abnodare; ab + nodus
   knot.] To clear (tress) from knots. [R.] Blount.

                                  Abnodation

   Ab`no*da"tion (#), n. The act of cutting away the knots of trees. [R.]
   Crabb.

                                   Abnormal

   Ab*nor"mal  (#), a. [For earlier anormal.F. anormal, LL. anormalus for
   anomalus,  Gr.  abnormis.  See  Anomalous,  Abnormous,  Anormal.]  Not
   conformed  to  rule  or  system;  deviating  from the type; anomalous;
   irregular.  "That  deviating  from  the  type; anomalous; irregular. "
   Froude.

                                  Abnormality

   Ab`nor*mal"i*ty (#), n.; pl. Abnormalities (#).

   1.  The  state  or quality of being abnormal; variation; irregularity.
   Darwin.

   2. Something abnormal.

                                  Abnormally

   Ab*nor"mal*ly (#), adv. In an abnormal manner; irregularly. Darwin.

                                   Abnormity

   Ab*nor"mi*ty  (#),  n.;  pl.  Abnormities  (#).  [LL.  abnormitas. See
   Abnormous.]   Departure   from   the   ordinary   type;  irregularity;
   monstrosity.  "An  abnormity  .  . . like a calf born with two heads."
   Mrs. Whitney.

                                   Abnormous

   Ab*nor"mous  (#),  a.  [L.  abnormis;  ab  +  norma rule. See Normal.]
   Abnormal; irregular. Hallam.

     A  character  of  a  more abnormous cast than his equally suspected
     coadjutor. State Trials.

                                    Aboard

     A*board"  (#),  adv.  [Pref.  a- on, in + board.] On board; into or
     within a ship or boat; hence, into or within a railway car.

     2. Alongside; as, close aboard. Naut.:

   To  fall  aboard  of,  to strike a ship's side; to fall foul of. -- To
   haul the tacks aboard, to set the courses. -- To keep the land aboard,
   to  hug  the shore. -- To lay (a ship) aboard, to place one's own ship
   close alongside of (a ship) for fighting.

                                    Aboard

   A*board", prep.

   1. On board of; as, to go aboard a ship.

   2. Across; athwart. [Obs.]

     Nor  iron  bands  aboard  The  Pontic  Sea by their huge navy cast.
     Spenser.

                                   Abodance

   A*bod"ance (#), n. [See Bode.] An omen; a portending. [Obs.]

                                     Abode

   A*bode" (#), pret. of Abide.

                                     Abode

   A*bode",  n. [OE. abad, abood, fr. abiden to abide. See Abide. For the
   change of vowel, cf. abode, imp. of abide.]

   1. Act of waiting; delay. [Obs.] Shak.

     And with her fled away without abode. Spenser.

   2. Stay or continuance in a place; sojourn.

     He waxeth at your abode here. Fielding.

   3.   Place  of  continuance,  or  where  one  dwells;  abiding  place;
   residence; a dwelling; a habitation.

     Come, let me lead you to our poor abode. Wordsworth.

                                     Abode

   A*bode", n. [See Bode, v. t.] An omen. [Obs.]

     High-thundering  Juno's  husband  stirs my spirit with true abodes.
     Chapman.

                                     Abode

   A*bode", v. t. To bode; to foreshow. [Obs.] Shak.

                                     Abode

   A*bode", v. i. To be ominous. [Obs.] Dryden.

                                   Abodement

   A*bode"ment (#), n. A foreboding; an omen. [Obs.] "Abodements must not
   now affright us." Shak.

                                    Aboding

   A*bod"ing (#), n. A foreboding. [Obs.]

                                    Abolish

   A*bol"ish  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Abolished (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Abolishing.] [F. abolir, L. abolere, aboletum; ab + olere to grow. Cf.
   Finish.]

   1.  To  do  away with wholly; to annul; to make void; -- said of laws,
   customs,  institutions,  governments, etc.; as, to abolish slavery, to
   abolish folly.

   2.  To  put an end to, or destroy, as a physical objects; to wipe out.
   [Archaic]

     And with thy blood abolish so reproachful blot. Spenser.

     His  quick  instinctive hand Caught at the hilt, as to abolish him.
     Tennyson.

   Syn.  -- To Abolish, Repeal, Abrogate, Revoke, Annul, Nullify, Cancel.
   These  words  have  in  common  the  idea  of  setting  aside  by some
   overruling  act. Abolish applies particularly to things of a permanent
   nature,  such  as  institutions, usages, customs, etc.; as, to abolish
   monopolies,  serfdom,  slavery.  Repeal describes the act by which the
   legislature  of  a  state  sets  aside  a  law which it had previously
   enacted. Abrogate was originally applied to the repeal of a law by the
   Roman  people; and hence, when the power of making laws was usurped by
   the  emperors,  the term was applied to their act of setting aside the
   laws.  Thus  it  came  to  express that act by which a sovereign or an
   executive   government   sets  aside  laws,  ordinances,  regulations,
   treaties,  conventions,  etc. Revoke denotes the act or recalling some
   previous  grant  which  conferred,  privilege,  etc.;  as, to revoke a
   decree,  to revoke a power of attorney, a promise, etc. Thus, also, we
   speak  of  the  revocation  of the Edict of Nantes. Annul is used in a
   more  general  sense,  denoting  simply  to  make void; as, to annul a
   contract,  to  annul  an  agreement. Nullify is an old word revived in
   this  country,  and  applied  to the setting of things aside either by
   force or by total disregard; as, to nullify an act of Congress. Cancel
   is  to  strike  out  or  annul,  by  a  deliberate  exercise of power,
   something which has operative force.

                                  Abolishable

   A*bol"ish*a*ble  (#),  a.  [Cf.  F.  abolissable.]  Capable  of  being
   abolished.

                                   Abolisher

   A*bol"ish*er (#), n. One who abolishes.

                                  Abolishment

   A*bol"ish*ment  (#),  n. [Cf. F. abolissement.] The act of abolishing;
   abolition; destruction. Hooker.

                                   Abolition

   Ab"o*li"tion  (#), n. [L. abolitio, fr. abolere: cf. F. abolition. See
   Abolish.]  The  act of abolishing, or the state of being abolished; an
   annulling; abrogation; utter destruction; as, the abolition of slavery
   or  the  slave  trade;  the  abolition  of  laws, decrees, ordinances,
   customs, taxes, debts, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; The application of this word to persons is now unusual
     or obsolete

                                 Abolitionism

   Ab`o*li"tion*ism  (#), n. The principles or measures of abolitionists.
   Wilberforce.

                                 Abolitionist

   Ab`o*li"tion*ist,  n.  A  person  who  favors  the  abolition  of  any
   institution, especially negro slavery.

                                 Abolitionize

   Ab`o*li`tion*ize   (#),   v.  t.  To  imbue  with  the  principles  of
   abolitionism. [R.] Bartlett.

                                     Aboma

   A*bo"ma (#), n. (Zo\'94l.) A large South American serpent (Boa aboma).

                              Abomasum, Abomasus

   Ab`o*ma"sum  (#),  Ab`o*ma"sus  (#),  n.  [NL.,  fr. L. ab + omasum (a
   Celtic  word.]  (Anat.) The fourth or digestive stomach of a ruminant,
   which leads from the third stomach omasum. See Ruminantia.

                                  Abominable

   A*bom"i*na*ble (#), a. [F. abominable. L. abominalis. See Abominate.]

   1.  Worthy of, or causing, abhorrence, as a thing of evil omen; odious
   in the utmost degree; very hateful; detestable; loathsome; execrable.

   2. Excessive; large; -- used as an intensive. [Obs.]

     NOTE: &hand; Ju liana Be rners .  .  .  informs us that in her time
     [15th  c.], "abomynable syght of monkes" was elegant English for "a
     large company of friars."

   G. P. Marsh.

                                Abominableness

   A*bom"i*na*ble*ness,  n.  The  quality  or  state of being abominable;
   odiousness. Bentley.

                                  Abominably

   A*bom"i*na*bly  (#),  adv.  In  an  abominable  manner; very odiously;
   detestably.

                                   Abominate

   A*bom"i*nate  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Abominated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Abominating.]  [L.  abominatus,  p.  p.  or  abominari to deprecate as
   ominous,  to  abhor,  to  curse; ab + omen a foreboding. See Omen.] To
   turn  from  as  ill-omened;  to hate in the highest degree, as if with
   religious  dread;  loathe;  as,  to  abominate all impiety. Syn. -- To
   hate; abhor; loathe; detest. See Hate.

                                  Abomination

   A*bom`i*na"tion  (#),  n. [OE. abominacioun, -cion, F. abominatio. See
   Abominate.]

   1. The feeling of extreme disgust and hatred; abhorrence; detestation;
   loathing; as, he holds tobacco in abomination.

   2.  That  which is abominable; anything hateful, wicked, or shamefully
   vile; an object or state that excites disgust and hatred; a hateful or
   shameful vice; pollution.

     Antony, most large in his abominations. Shak.

   3.  A cause of pollution or wickedness. Syn. -- Detestation; loathing;
   abhorrence;  disgust;  aversion;  loathsomeness;  odiousness.  Sir  W.
   Scott.

                                     Aboon

   A*boon" (#), prep. and adv. Above. [Scot. & Prov. Eng.]

     Aboon the pass of Bally-Brough. Sir W. Scott.

     The ceiling fair that rose aboon. J. R. Drake.

                                    Aboral

   Ab*o"ral  (#), a. [L. ab. + E. oral.] (Zo\'94l.) Situated opposite to,
   or away from, the mouth.

                                     Abord

   A*bord"  (#),  n.  [F.]  Manner  of approaching or accosting; address.
   Chesterfield.

                                     Abord

   A*bord" (#), v. t. [F. aborder, \'85 (L. ad) + bord rim, brim, or side
   of a vessel. See Border, Board.] To approach; to accost. [Obs.] Digby.

                                  Aboriginal

   Ab`o*rig"i*nal (#), a. [See Aborigines.]

   1.  First; original; indigenous; primitive; native; as, the aboriginal
   tribes of America. "Mantled o'er with aboriginal turf." Wordsworth.

   2. Of or pertaining to aborigines; as, a Hindoo of aboriginal blood.

                                  Aboriginal

   Ab`o*rig"i*nal, n.

   1. An original inhabitant of any land; one of the aborigines.

   2. An animal or a plant native to the region.

     It  may well be doubted whether this frog is an aboriginal of these
     islands. Darwin.

                                 Aboriginality

   Ab`o*rig`i*nal"i*ty  (#),  n.  The quality of being aboriginal. Westm.
   Rev.

                                 Aboriginally

   Ab`o*rig"i*nal*ly (#), adv. Primarily.

                                  Aboriginess

   Ab`o*rig"i*ness (#), n. pl. [L. Aborigines; ab + origo, especially the
   first  inhabitants  of  Latium,  those  who  originally  (ab  origine)
   inhabited Latium or Italy. See Origin.]

   1. The earliest known inhabitants of a country; native races.

   2. The original fauna and flora of a geographical area

                                  Aborsement

   A*borse"ment (#), n. Abortment; abortion. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

                                   Aborsive

   A*bor"sive (#), a. Abortive. [Obs.] Fuller.

                                     Abort

   A*bort"  (#),  v. i. [L. abortare, fr. abortus, p. p. of aboriri; ab +
   oriri to rise, to be born. See Orient.]

   1. To miscarry; to bring forth young prematurely.

   2.  (Biol.)  To  become checked in normal development, so as either to
   remain rudimentary or shrink away wholly; to become sterile.

                                     Abort

   A*bort", n. [L. abortus, fr. aboriri.]

   1. An untimely birth. [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton.

   2. An aborted offspring. [Obs.] Holland.

                                    Aborted

   A*bort"ed, a.

   1. Brought forth prematurely.

   2.  (Biol.)  Rendered  abortive  or  sterile;  undeveloped; checked in
   normal  development  at  a  very  early  stage; as, spines are aborted
   branches.

     The  eyes of the cirripeds are more or less aborted in their mature
     state. Owen.

                                  Aborticide

   A*bor"ti*cide  (#),  n.  [L.  abortus  +  caedere to kill. See Abort.]
   (Med.) The act of destroying a fetus in the womb; feticide.

                                 Abortifacient

   A*bor`ti*fa"cient  (#),  a.  [L. abortus (see Abort, v.) + faciens, p.
   pr.  of  facere  to  make.]  Producing miscarriage. -- n. A drug or an
   agent that causes premature delivery.

                                   Abortion

   A*bor"tion (#), n. [L. abortio, fr. aboriri. See Abort.]

   1.  The  act of giving premature birth; particularly, the expulsion of
   the  human  fetus  prematurely,  or before it is capable of sustaining
   life; miscarriage.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  so metimes used for the offense of procuring a
     premature   delivery,  but  strictly  the  early  delivery  is  the
     abortion,  "causing  or procuring abortion" is the full name of the
     offense.

   Abbott.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 6

   2. The immature product of an untimely birth.

   3.  (Biol.)  Arrest of development of any organ, so that it remains an
   imperfect formation or is absorbed.

   4.  Any  fruit  or produce that does not come to maturity, or anything
   which  in  its  progress,  before it is matured or perfect; a complete
   failure; as, his attempt. proved an abortiori.

                                  Abortional

   A*bor"tion*al  (#),  a. Pertaining to abortion; miscarrying; abortive.
   Carlyle.

                                  Abortionist

   A*bor"tion*ist, n. One who procures abortion or miscarriage.

                                   Abortive

   A*bor"tive (#), a. [L. abortivus, fr. aboriri. See Abort, v.]

   1. Produced by abortion; born prematurely; as, an abortive child. [R.]

   2.  Made  from  the  skin of a still-born animal; as, abortive vellum.
   [Obs.]

   3.  Rendering  fruitless  or  ineffectual.  [Obs.]  "Plunged  in  that
   abortive gulf." Milton.

   4.  Coming  to  naught; failing in its effect; miscarrying; fruitless;
   unsuccessful;  as,  an  abortive  attempt.  "An  abortive enterprise."
   Prescott.

   5.  (Biol.) Imperfectly formed or developed; rudimentary; sterile; as,
   an abortive organ, stamen, ovule, etc.

   6.  (Med.)  (a)  Causing  abortion;  as, abortive medicines. Parr. (b)
   Cutting short; as, abortive treatment of typhoid fever.

                                   Abortive

   A*bor"tive, n.

   1.  That  which  is  born  or  brought forth prematurely; an abortion.
   [Obs.] Shak.

   2. A fruitless effort or issue. [Obs.]

   3.  A  medicine  to  which  is  attributed  the  property  of  causing
   abortion.<-- now usu. abortifacient. --> Dunglison.

                                  Abortively

   A*bor"tive*ly,  adv.  In  an  abortive or untimely manner; immaturely;
   fruitlessly.

                                 Abortiveness

   A*bor"tive*ness, n. The quality of being abortive.

                                   Abortment

   A*bort"ment (#), n. Abortion. [Obs.]

                                    Abought

   A*bought" (#), imp. & p. p. of Aby. [Obs.]

                                    Abound

   A*bound"  (#),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Abounded;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Abounding.]  [OE.  abounden,  F. abonder, fr. L. abundare to overflow,
   abound; ab + unda wave. Cf. Undulate.]

   1. To be in great plenty; to be very prevalent; to be plentiful.

     The  wild  boar  which  abounds  in  some parts of the continent of
     Europe. Chambers.

     Where sin abounded grace did much more abound. Rom. v. 20.

   2. To be copiously supplied; -- followed by in or with.
   To  abound  in, to posses in such abundance as to be characterized by.
   -- To abound with, to be filled with; to possess in great numbers.

     Men abounding in natural courage. Macaulay.

     A faithful man shall abound with blessings. Prov. xxviii. 20.

     It abounds with cabinets of curiosities. Addison.

                                     About

   A*bout"  (#),  prep.  [OE.  aboute,  abouten,  abuten;  AS. \'bebutan,
   onbutan;  on + butan, which is from be by + utan outward, from ut out.
   See But, Out.]

   1.  Around; all round; on every side of. "Look about you." Shak. "Bind
   them about thy neck." Prov. iii. 3.

   2.  In  the  immediate neighborhood of; in contiguity or proximity to;
   near, as to place; by or on (one's person). "Have you much money about
   you?" Bulwer.

   3.  Over  or  upon  different  parts  of;  through  or over in various
   directions; here and there in; to and fro in; throughout.

     Lampoons . . . were handed about the coffeehouses. Macaulay.

     Roving still about the world. Milton.

   4.  Near;  not  far  from;  --  determining  approximately time, size,
   quantity.  "To-morrow,  about  this  time."  Exod.  ix.  18. "About my
   stature." Shak.

     He went out about the third hour. Matt. xx. 3.

     NOTE: &hand; This use passes into the adverbial sense.

   5. In concern with; engaged in; intent on.

     I must be about my Father's business. Luke ii. 49.

   6.  Before  a  verbal noun or an infinitive: On the point or verge of;
   going; in act of.

     Paul was now aboutto open his mouth. Acts xviii. 14.

   7.  Concerning;  with  regard  to;  on account of; touching. "To treat
   about thy ransom." Milton.

     She must have her way about Sarah. Trollope.

                                     About

   A*bout", adv.

   1. On all sides; around.

     'Tis time to look about. Shak.

   2.  In  circuit;  circularly; by a circuitous way; around the outside;
   as, a mile about, and a third of a mile across.

   3. Here and there; around; in one place and another.

     Wandering about from house to house. 1 Tim. v. 13.

   4.  Nearly;  approximately;  with  close  correspondence,  in quality,
   manner,  degree,  etc.;  as,  about as cold; about as high; -- also of
   quantity,  number,  time. "There fell . . . about three thousand men."
   Exod. xxii. 28.

   5.  To  a reserved position; half round; in the opposite direction; on
   the opposite tack; as, to face about; to turn one's self about.
   To  bring  about,  to  cause  to take place; to accomplish. -- To come
   about, to occur; to take place. See under Come. -- To go about, To set
   about,  to undertake; to arrange; to prepare. "Shall we set about some
   revels? Shak. -- Round about, in every direction around.

                                 About-sledge

   A*bout"-sledge" (#), n. The largest hammer used by smiths. Weale.

                                     Above

   A*bove"  (#), prep. [OE. above, aboven, abuffe, AS. abufon; an (or on)
   on + be by + ufan upward; cf. Goth. uf under. \'fb199. See Over.]

   1. In or to a higher place; higher than; on or over the upper surface;
   over; -- opposed to below or beneath.

     Fowl that may fly above the earth. Gen. i. 20.

   2.  Figuratively, higher than; superior to in any respect; surpassing;
   beyond;   higher   in   measure  or  degree  than;  as,  things  above
   comprehension;  above mean actions; conduct above reproach. "Thy worth
   . . . is actions above my gifts." Marlowe.

     I  saw  in  the way a light from heaven above the brightness of the
     sun. Acts xxxvi. 13.

   3.  Surpassing  in number or quantity; more than; as, above a hundred.
   (Passing into the adverbial sense. See Above, adv., 4.)
   above all, before every other consideration; chiefly; in preference to
   other things. Over and above, prep. or adv., besides; in addition to.

                                     Above

   A*bove" (#), adv.

   1.  In  a  higher place; overhead; into or from heaven; as, the clouds
   above.

   2.  Earlier  in  order; higher in the same page; hence, in a foregoing
   page. "That was said above." Dryden.

   3. Higher in rank or power; as, he appealed to the court above.

   4. More than; as, above five hundred were present.

     NOTE: Above is  often used elliptically as an adjective by omitting
     the   word   mentioned,   quoted,   or  the  like;  as,  the  above
     observations,  the above reference, the above articles. -- Above is
     also  used  substantively.  "The waters that come down from above."
     Josh.  iii.  13. It is also used as the first part of a compound in
     the  sense of before, previously; as, above-cited, above-described,
     above-mentioned,     above-named,     abovesaid,    abovespecified,
     above-written, above-given.

                                  Aboveboard

   A*bove"board`  (#),  adv.  Above  the  board  or table. Hence: in open
   sight;   without   trick,   concealment,   or   deception.  "Fair  and
   aboveboard." Burke.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is ex pression is  sa id by  Jo hnson to  have been
     borrowed  from  gamesters,  who,  when they change their cards, put
     their hands under the table.

                                  Above-cited

   A*bove"-cit`ed  (#),  a. Cited before, in the preceding part of a book
   or writing.

                                   Abovedeck

   A*bove"deck`  (#),  a.  On  deck;  and hence, like aboveboard, without
   artifice. Smart.

                         Above-mentioned, Above-named

   A*bove"-men`tioned  (#),  A*bove"-named`(#),  a.  Mentioned  or  named
   before; aforesaid.

                                   Abovesaid

   A*bove"said` (#), a. Mentioned or recited before.

                                     Abox

   A*box" (#), adv. & a. (Naut.) Braced aback.

                                  Abracadabra

   Ab`ra*ca*dab"ra  (#),  n.  [L.  Of unknown origin.] A mystical word or
   collocation  of letters written as in the figure. Worn on an amulet it
   was supposed to ward off fever. At present the word is used chiefly in
   jest to denote something without meaning; jargon.

                                   Abradant

   Ab*ra"dant  (#),  n.  A  material  used  for grinding, as emery, sand,
   powdered glass, etc.

                                    Abrade

   Ab*rade"  (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abraded; p. pr. & vb. n. Abrading.]
   [L. abradere, abrasum, to scrape off; ab + radere to scrape. See Rase,
   Raze.]  To  rub or wear off; to waste or wear away by friction; as, to
   abrade rocks. Lyell.

                                    Abrade

   A*brade" (#), v. t. Same as Abraid. [Obs.]

                                   Abrahamic

   A`bra*ham"ic  (#),  a.  Pertaining  to Abraham, the patriarch; as, the
   Abrachamic covenant.

                               Abrahamitic, ical

   A`bra*ham*it"ic, *ic*al(#), a. Relating to the patriarch Abraham.

                           Abraham-man or Abram-man

   A"bra*ham-man`(#)  or  A"bram-man`(#), n. [Possibly in allusion to the
   parable  of the beggar Lazarus in Luke xvi. Murray (New Eng. Dict. ).]
   One  of  a  set  of  vagabonds  who  formerly  roamed through England,
   feigning  lunacy  for  the  sake  of  obtaining  alms.  Nares. To sham
   Abraham, to feign sickness. Goldsmith.

                                    Abraid

   A*braid"  (#), v. t. & i. [OE. abraiden, to awake, draw (a sword), AS.
   \'bebredgan  to  shake,  draw;  pref.  \'be- (cf. Goth. us-, Ger. er-,
   orig. meaning out) + bregdan to shake, throw. See Braid.] To awake; to
   arouse; to stir or start up; also, to shout out. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                  Abranchial

   A*bran"chi*al (#), a. (Zo\'94l.) Abranchiate.

                                  Abranchiata

   A*bran`chi*a"ta  (#),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  from  Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A group of
   annelids,  so  called because the species composing it have no special
   organs of respiration.

                                  Abranchiate

   A*bran"chi*ate (#), a. (Zo\'94l.) Without gills.

                                    Abrase

   Ab*rase"  (#),  a. [L. abrasus, p. p. of abradere. See Abrade.] Rubbed
   smooth. [Obs.] "An abrase table." B. Jonson.

                                   Abrasion

   Ab*ra"sion (#), n. [L. abrasio, fr. abradere. See Abrade.]

   1.  The  act of abrading, wearing, or rubbing off; the wearing away by
   friction; as, the abrasion of coins.

   2. The substance rubbed off. Berkeley.

   3.  (Med.) A superficial excoriation, with loss of substance under the
   form of small shreds. Dunglison.

                                   Abrasive

   Ab*ra"sive (#), a. Producing abrasion. Ure.

                            Abraum or Abraum salts

   A*braum"  or A*braum" salts (#), n. [Ger., fr. abr\'84umen to remove.]
   A  red  ocher  used  to  darken  mahogany  and  for making chloride of
   potassium.

                                    Abraxas

   A*brax"as  (#),  n. [A name adopted by the Egyptian Gnostic Basilides,
   containing   the   Greek   letters  \'3ca\'3e,  \'3cb\'3e,  \'3cr\'3e,
   \'3ca\'3e,   \'3cx\'3e,  \'3ca\'3e,  \'3cs\'3e,  which,  as  numerals,
   amounted  to 365. It was used to signify the supreme deity as ruler of
   the  365  heavens  of his system.] A mystical word used as a charm and
   engraved on gems among the ancients; also, a gem stone thus engraved.

                                     Abray

   A*bray"  (#), v. [A false form from the preterit abraid, abrayde.] See
   Abraid. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                    Abreast

   A*breast" (#), adv. [Pref. a- + breast.]

   1.  Side  by  side,  with breasts in a line; as, "Two men could hardly
   walk abreast." Macaulay.

   2.  (Naut.) Side by side; also, opposite; over against; on a line with
   the vessel's beam; -- with of.

   3.  Up  to  a  certain  level  or  line; equally advanced; as, to keep
   abreast of [or with] the present state of science.

   4. At the same time; simultaneously. [Obs.]

     Abreast therewith began a convocation. Fuller.

                                    Abregge

   A*breg"ge (#), v. t. See Abridge. [Obs.]

                                  Abrenounce

   Ab`re*nounce"  (#),  v.  t.  [L.  abrenuntiare;  ab  + renuntiare. See
   Renounce.]  To  renounce.  [Obs.] "They abrenounce and cast them off."
   Latimer.

                                Abrenunciation

   Ab`re*nun`ci*a"tion  (#),  n.  [LL.  abrenuntiatio.  See  Abrenounce.]
   Absolute renunciation or repudiation. [Obs.]

     An abrenunciation of that truth which he so long had professed, and
     still believed. Fuller.

                                   Abreption

   Ab*rep"tion (#), n. [L. abreptus, p. p. of abripere to snatch away; ab
   + rapere to snatch.] A snatching away. [Obs.]

                                   Abreuvoir

   A`breu`voir"  (#),  n.  [F., a watering place.] (Masonry) The joint or
   interstice between stones, to be filled with mortar. Gwilt.

                                   Abricock

   A"bri*cock (#), n. See Apricot. [Obs.]

                                    Abridge

   A*bridge"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Abridged (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Abridging.]   [OE.  abregen,  OF.  abregier,  F.  abr\'82ger,  fr.  L.
   abbreviare; ad + brevis short. See Brief and cf. Abbreviate.]

   1. To make shorter; to shorten in duration; to lessen; to diminish; to
   curtail;  as,  to  abridge  labor;  to  abridge  power or rights. "The
   bridegroom . . . abridged his visit." Smollett.

     She  retired  herself to Sebaste, and abridged her train from state
     to necessity. Fuller.

   2.  To  shorten  or  contract  by using fewer words, yet retaining the
   sense;  to  epitomize;  to  condense;  as,  to  abridge  a  history or
   dictionary.

   3.  To  deprive;  to cut off; -- followed by of, and formerly by from;
   as, to abridge one of his rights.

                                   Abridger

   A*bridg"er (#), n. One who abridges.

                                  Abridgment

   A*bridg"ment (#), n. [OE. abregement. See Abridge.]

   1.  The  act  abridging,  or  the state of being abridged; diminution;
   lessening; reduction or deprivation; as, an abridgment of pleasures or
   of expenses.

   2.  An epitome or compend, as of a book; a shortened or abridged form;
   an abbreviation.

     Ancient coins as abridgments of history. Addison.

   3.  That  which  abridges  or cuts short; hence, an entertainment that
   makes the time pass quickly. [Obs.]

     What  abridgment  have you for this evening? What mask? What music?
     Shak.

   Syn.  --  Abridgment,  Compendium,  Epitome,  Abstract,  Synopsis.  An
   abridgment is made by omitting the less important parts of some larger
   work;  as,  an  abridgment  of  a  dictionary. A compendium is a brief
   exhibition  of a subject, or science, for common use; as, a compendium
   of  American  literature.  An epitome corresponds to a compendium, and
   gives briefly the most material points of a subject; as, an epitome of
   history.  An  abstract  is  a  brief  statement of a thing in its main
   points.  A synopsis is a bird's-eye view of a subject, or work, in its
   several parts.

                                    Abroach

   A*broach" (#), v. t. [OE. abrochen, OF. abrochier. See Broach.] To set
   abroach; to let out, as liquor; to broach; to tap. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Abroach

   A*broach", adv. [Pref. a- + broach.]

   1.  Broached;  in a condition for letting out or yielding liquor, as a
   cask which is tapped.

     Hogsheads of ale were set abroach. Sir W. Scott.

   2.  Hence:  In  a  state  to  be diffused or propagated; afoot; astir.
   "Mischiefs that I set abroach." Shak.

                                    Abroad

   A*broad" (#), adv. [Pref. a- + broad.]

   1.  At  large;  widely; broadly; over a wide space; as, a tree spreads
   its branches abroad.

     The fox roams far abroad. Prior.

   2.  Without  a  certain  confine;  outside  the house; away from one's
   abode; as, to walk abroad.

     I  went  to  St.  James',  where another was preaching in the court
     abroad. Evelyn.

   3.  Beyond  the bounds of a country; in foreign countries; as, we have
   broils  at  home  and enemies abroad. "Another prince . . . was living
   abroad." Macaulay.

   4.  Before  the public at large; throughout society or the world; here
   and there; widely.

     He  went out, and began to publish it much, and to blaze abroad the
     matter. Mark i. 45.

   To  be abroad. (a) To be wide of the mark; to be at fault; as, you are
   all abroad in your guess. (b) To be at a loss or nonplused.
   
                                   Abrogable
                                       
   Ab"ro*ga*ble (#), a. Capable of being abrogated. 

                                   Abrogate

   Ab"ro*gate  (#), a. [L. abrogatus, p. p.] Abrogated; abolished. [Obs.]
   Latimer.

                                   Abrogate

   Ab"ro*gate  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Abrogated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Abrogating.]  [L.  abrogatus,  p.  p. of abrogare; ab + rogare to ask,
   require, propose. See Rogation.]

   1.  To  annul  by an authoritative act; to abolish by the authority of
   the  maker  or  his  successor; to repeal; -- applied to the repeal of
   laws, decrees, ordinances, the abolition of customs, etc.

     Let  us  see  whether  the  New  Testament  abrogates  what  we  so
     frequently see in the Old. South.

     Whose laws, like those of the Medes and Persian, they can not alter
     or abrogate. Burke.

   2. To put an end to; to do away with. Shak. Syn. -- To abolish; annul;
   do away; set aside; revoke; repeal; cancel; annihilate. See Abolish.

                                  Abrogation

   Ab`ro*ga"tion (#), n. [L. abrogatio, fr. abrogare: cf. F. abrogation.]
   The act of abrogating; repeal by authority. Hume.

                                  Abrogative

   Ab"ro*ga*tive  (#),  a.  Tending  or  designed  to  abrogate;  as,  an
   abrogative law.

                                   Abrogator

   Ab"ro*ga`tor (#), n. One who repeals by authority.

                                    Abrood

   A*brood"  (#), adv. [Pref. a- + brood.] In the act of brooding. [Obs.]
   Abp. Sancroft.

                                    Abrook

   A*brook" (#), v. t. [Pref. a- + brook, v.] To brook; to endure. [Obs.]
   Shak.

                                    Abrupt

   Ab*rupt"  (#),  a. [L. abruptus, p. p. of abrumpere to break off; ab +
   rumpere to break. See Rupture.]

   1.  Broken  off;  very  steep, or craggy, as rocks, precipices, banks;
   precipitous;   steep;  as,  abrupt  places.  "Tumbling  through  ricks
   abrupt," Thomson.

   2.  Without  notice  to prepare the mind for the event; sudden; hasty;
   unceremonious. "The cause of your abrupt departure." Shak.

   3. Having sudden transitions from one subject to another; unconnected.

     The abrupt style, which hath many breaches. B. Jonson.
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   4.  (Bot.)  Suddenly terminating, as if cut off. Gray. Syn. -- Sudden;
   unexpected;   hasty;   rough;   curt;  unceremonious;  rugged;  blunt;
   disconnected; broken.

                                    Abrupt

   Ab*rupt" (#), n. [L. abruptum.] An abrupt place. [Poetic]

     "Over the vast abrupt." Milton.

                                    Abrupt

   Ab*rupt",  v.  t.  To  tear off or asunder. [Obs.] "Till death abrupts
   them." Sir T. Browne.

                                   Abruption

   Ab*rup"tion  (#), n. [L. abruptio, fr. abrumpere: cf. F. abruption.] A
   sudden breaking off; a violent separation of bodies. Woodward.

                                   Abruptly

   Ab*rupt"ly, adv.

   1.  In  an  abrupt manner; without giving notice, or without the usual
   forms; suddenly.

   2. Precipitously.
   Abruptly  pinnate  (Bot.),  pinnate  without  an odd leaflet, or other
   appendage, at the end. Gray.

                                  Abruptness

   Ab*rupt"ness, n.

   1.  The  state  of  being  abrupt  or broken; craggedness; ruggedness;
   steepness.

   2.  Suddenness;  unceremonious  haste  or vehemence; as, abruptness of
   style or manner.

                                    Abscess

   Ab"scess  (#),  n.;  pl.  Abscesses  (#).  [L. abscessus a going away,
   gathering  of  humors, abscess, fr. abscessus, p. p. of absedere to go
   away;  ab,  abs  +  cedere  to  go  off,  retire.  See Cede.] (Med.) A
   collection  of  pus  or  purulent matter in any tissue or organ of the
   body, the result of a morbid process. Cold abscess, an abscess of slow
   formation,  unattended  with  the  pain  and  heat  characteristic  of
   ordinary  abscesses,  and  lasting  for  years  without exhibiting any
   tendency towards healing; a chronic abscess.

                                  Abscession

   Ab*sces"sion  (#),  n.  [L.  abscessio a separation; fr. absedere. See
   Abscess.]  A  separating;  removal;  also,  an abscess. [Obs.] Gauden.
   Barrough.

                                    Abscind

   Ab*scind"  (#),  v.  t. [L. absindere; ab + scindere to rend, cut. See
   Schism.]  To  cut  off.  [R.]  "Two syllables . . . abscinded from the
   rest." Johnson.

                                   Abscision

   Ab*sci"sion (#), n. [L. abscisio.] See Abscission.

                                    Absciss

   Ab"sciss (#), n.; pl. Abscisses (#). See Abscissa.

                                   Abscissa

   Ab*scis"sa (#), n.; E. pl. Abscissas, L. pl. Absciss\'91. [L., fem. of
   abscissus,  p. p. of absindere to cut of. See Abscind.] (Geom.) One of
   the elements of reference by which a point, as of a curve, is referred
   to a system of fixed rectilineal co\'94rdinate axes.

     NOTE: When re ferred to  tw o intersecting axes, one of them called
     the  axis  of  abscissas,  or  of  X,  and  the  other  the axis of
     ordinates,  or  of Y, the abscissa of the point is the distance cut
     off  from  the axis of X by a line drawn through it and parallel to
     the  axis  of  Y.  When  a point in space is referred to three axes
     having  a  common  intersection,  the  abscissa may be the distance
     measured parallel to either of them, from the point to the plane of
     the  other  two  axes.  Abscissas  and ordinates taken together are
     called  co\'94rdinates.  -- OX or PY is the abscissa of the point P
     of  the curve, OY or PX its ordinate, the intersecting lines OX and
     OY  being the axes of abscissas and ordinates respectively, and the
     point O their origin.

                                  Abscission

   Ab*scis"sion (#), n. [L. abscissio. See Abscind.]

   1.  The  act  or  process of cutting off. "Not to be cured without the
   abscission of a member." Jer. Taylor.

   2. The state of being cut off. Sir T. Browne.

   3.  (Rhet.) A figure of speech employed when a speaker having begun to
   say  a  thing  stops abruptly: thus, "He is a man of so much honor and
   candor, and of such generosity -- but I need say no more."

                                    Abscond

   Ab*scond"  (#),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Absconded;  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Absconding.]  [L. abscondere to hide; ab, abs + condere to lay up; con
   + d\'ddre (only in comp.) to put. Cf. Do.]

   1. To hide, withdraw, or be concealed.

     The marmot absconds all winter. Ray.

   2.  To  depart  clandestinely; to steal off and secrete one's self; --
   used  especially of persons who withdraw to avoid a legal process; as,
   an absconding debtor.

     That  very  homesickness  which,  in regular armies, drives so many
     recruits to abscond. Macaulay.

                                    Abscond

   Ab*scond", v. t. To hide; to conceal. [Obs.] Bentley.

                                  Abscondence

   Ab*scond"ence (#), n. Fugitive concealment; secret retirement; hiding.
   [R.] Phillips.

                                   Absconder

   Ab*scond"er (#), n. One who absconds.

                                    Absence

   Ab"sence (#), n. [F., fr. L. absentia. See Absent.]

   1.  A  state  of  being  absent  or  withdrawn  from  a  place or from
   companionship; -- opposed to presence.

     Not  as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence. Phil.
     ii. 12.

   2.  Want;  destitution;  withdrawal.  "In  the absence of conventional
   law." Kent.

   3.  Inattention  to things present; abstraction (of mind); as, absence
   of  mind.  "Reflecting  on  the  little  absences  and distractions of
   mankind." Addison.

     To conquer that abstraction which is called absence. Landor.

                                    Absent

   Ab"sent (#), a. [F., fr. absens, absentis, p. pr. of abesse to be away
   from; ab + esse to be. Cf. Sooth.]

   1.  Being  away  from  a  place;  withdrawn from a place; not present.
   "Expecting absent friends." Shak.

   2. Not existing; lacking; as, the part was rudimental or absent.

   3.  Inattentive to what is passing; absent-minded; preoccupied; as, an
   absent air.

     What  is  commonly  called  an absent man is commonly either a very
     weak or a very affected man. Chesterfield.

   Syn. -- Absent, Abstracted. These words both imply a want of attention
   to  surrounding objects. We speak of a man as absent when his thoughts
   wander  unconsciously  from  present scenes or topics of discourse; we
   speak  of him as abstracted when his mind (usually for a brief period)
   is   drawn  off  from  present  things  by  some  weighty  matter  for
   reflection.  Absence  of mind is usually the result of loose habits of
   thought;  abstraction commonly arises either from engrossing interests
   and cares, or from unfortunate habits of association.

                                    Absent

   Ab*sent"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Absented;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Absenting.] [Cf. F. absenter.]

   1.  To  take or withdraw (one's self) to such a distance as to prevent
   intercourse; -- used with the reflexive pronoun.

     If after due summons any member absents himself, he is to be fined.
     Addison.

   2. To withhold from being present. [Obs.] "Go; for thy stay, not free,
   absents thee more." Milton.

                                 Absentaneous

   Ab`sen*ta"ne*ous  (#),  a. [LL. absentaneus. See absent] Pertaining to
   absence. [Obs.]

                                  Absentation

   Ab`sen*ta"tion  (#),  n.  The  act  of  absenting  one's  self. Sir W.
   Hamilton.

                                   Absentee

   Ab`sen*tee"  (#), n. One who absents himself from his country, office,
   post,  or  duty; especially, a landholder who lives in another country
   or  district  than  that  where  his  estate is situated; as, an Irish
   absentee. Macaulay.

                                  Absenteeism

   Ab`sen*tee"ism  (#), n. The state or practice of an absentee; esp. the
   practice  of  absenting  one's self from the country or district where
   one's estate is situated.

                                   Absenter

   Ab*sent"er (#), n. One who absents one's self.

                                   Absently

   Ab"sent*ly (#), adv. In an absent or abstracted manner.

                                  Absentment

   Ab*sent"ment  (#),  n.  The  state  of  being absent; withdrawal. [R.]
   Barrow.

                                 Absent-minded

   Ab`sent-mind"ed(#),  a.  Absent  in  mind; abstracted; preoccupied. --
   Ab`sent-mind"ed*ness, n. -- Ab`sent-mind"ed*ly, adv.

                                  Absentness

   Ab"sent*ness (#), n. The quality of being absent-minded. H. Miller.

                                  Absey-book

   Ab"sey-book`(#), n. An A-B-C book; a primer. [Obs.] Shak.

                                  Absinthate

   Ab"sin"thate  (#),  n.  (Chem.) A combination of absinthic acid with a
   base or positive radical.

                               Absinth, Absinthe

   Ab"sinth`, Ab"sinthe` (#), n. [F. absinthe. See Absinthium.]

   1. The plant absinthium or common wormwood.

   2.  A  strong  spirituous  liqueur  made  from  wormwood and brandy or
   alcohol.

                                  Absinthial

   Ab*sin"thi*al (#), a. Of or pertaining to wormwood; absinthian.

                                  Absinthian

   Ab*sin"thi*an   (#),   n.  Of  the  nature  of  wormwood.  "Absinthian
   bitterness." T. Randolph.

                                  Absinthiate

   Ab"sin"thi*ate  (#),  v.  t. [From L. absinthium: cf. L. absinthiatus,
   a.] To impregnate with wormwood.

                                 Absinthiated

   Ab*sin"thi*a`ted  (#),  a. Impregnated with wormwood; as, absinthiated
   wine.

                                   Absinthic

   Ab*sin"thic  (#),  a. (Chem.) Relating to the common wormwood or to an
   acid obtained from it.

                                   Absinthin

   Ab*sin"thin   (#),   n.  (Chem.)  The  bitter  principle  of  wormwood
   (Artemisia absinthium). Watts.

                                  Absinthism

   Ab"sin*thism  (#), n. The condition of being poisoned by the excessive
   use of absinth.

                                  Absinthium

   Ab*sin"thi*um  (#),  n.  [L.,  from  Gr.  (Bot.)  The  common wormwood
   (Artemisia absinthium), an intensely bitter plant, used as a tonic and
   for making the oil of wormwood.

                                     Absis

   Ab"sis (#), n. See Apsis.

                                    Absist

   Ab*sist"  (#),  v. i. [L. absistere, p. pr. absistens; ab + sistere to
   stand,  causal  of  stare.]  To  stand  apart  from; top leave off; to
   desist. [Obs.] Raleigh.

                                  Absistence

   Ab*sist"ence (#), n. A standing aloof. [Obs.]

                                   Absolute

   Ab"so*lute  (#),  a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf. F. absolu.
   See Absolve.]

   1.   Loosed   from   any   limitation   or   condition;  uncontrolled;
   unrestricted;   unconditional;   as,   absolute  authority,  monarchy,
   sovereignty,  an  absolute  promise  or  command;  absolute  power; an
   absolute monarch.

   2.  Complete  in  itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as, absolute
   perfection; absolute beauty.

     So absolute she seems, And in herself complete. Milton.

   3.  Viewed  apart from modifying influences or without comparison with
   other  objects;  actual; real; -- opposed to relative and comparative;
   as, absolute motion; absolute time or space.

     NOTE: Absolute ri ghts an d du ties are such as pertain to man in a
     state  of  nature  as  contradistinguished from relative rights and
     duties, or such as pertain to him in his social relations.

   4.  Loosed  from,  or  unconnected  by, dependence on any other being;
   self-existent; self-sufficing.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th is se nse Go d is  ca lled th e Absolute by the
     Theist.  The term is also applied by the Pantheist to the universe,
     or  the total of all existence, as only capable of relations in its
     parts  to  each  other  and  to the whole, and as dependent for its
     existence  and  its  phenomena on its mutually depending forces and
     their laws.

   5.   Capable   of   being   thought  or  conceived  by  itself  alone;
   unconditioned; non-relative.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  in dispute among philosopher whether the term,
     in  this  sense,  is  not  applied  to  a  mere  logical fiction or
     abstraction,  or  whether  the  absolute,  as  thus defined, can be
     known, as a reality, by the human intellect.

     To  Cusa  we  can  indeed  articulately  trace, word and thing, the
     recent philosophy of the absolute. Sir W. Hamilton.

   6. Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful. [R.]

     I am absolute 't was very Cloten. Shak.

   7. Authoritative; peremptory. [R.]

     The  peddler  stopped,  and  tapped  her on the head, With absolute
     forefinger, brown and ringed. Mrs. Browning.

   8. (Chem.) Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.

   9.  (Gram.)  Not  immediately  dependent  on  the  other  parts of the
   sentence  in government; as, the case absolute. See Ablative absolute,
   under Ablative.
   Absolute  curvature  (Geom.),  that  curvature  of  a  curve of double
   curvature,  which is measured in the osculating plane of the curve. --
   Absolute  equation  (Astron.),  the  sum  of  the  optic and eccentric
   equations.  --  Absolute  space  (Physics),  space  considered without
   relation  to  material  limits  or objects. -- Absolute terms. (Alg.),
   such  as  are  known,  or  which  do not contain the unknown quantity.
   Davies  &  Peck. -- Absolute temperature (Physics), the temperature as
   measured  on  a  scale  determined  by  certain general thermo-dynamic
   principles,  and  reckoned  from  the  absolute zero. -- Absolute zero
   (Physics),  the  be  ginning,  or zero point, in the scale of absolute
   temperature.   It   is  equivalent  to  -273  centigrade  or  -459.4
   Fahrenheit.  Syn.  --  Positive;  peremptory;  certain; unconditional;
   unlimited; unrestricted; unqualified; arbitrary; despotic; autocratic.

                                   Absolute

   Ab"so*lute  (#),  n.  (Geom.)  In  a plane, the two imaginary circular
   points at infinity; in space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle
   at infinity.

                                  Absolutely

   Ab"so*lute*ly,  adv.  In  an  absolute,  independent, or unconditional
   manner; wholly; positively.

                                 Absoluteness

   Ab"so*lute*ness,  n.  The  quality  of being absolute; independence of
   everything  extraneous;  unlimitedness;  absolute  power;  independent
   reality; positiveness.

                                  Absolution

   Ab`so*lu"tion  (#),  n. [F. absolution, L. absolutio, fr. absolvere to
   absolve. See Absolve.]

   1.  An  absolving,  or  setting  free  from  guilt,  sin,  or penalty;
   forgiveness  of  an  offense. "Government . . . granting absolution to
   the nation." Froude.

   2.  (Civil  Law)  An  acquittal,  or sentence of a judge declaring and
   accused person innocent. [Obs.]

   3.  (R. C. Ch.) The exercise of priestly jurisdiction in the sacrament
   of  penance, by which Catholics believe the sins of the truly penitent
   are forgiven.

     NOTE: &hand; In the English and other Protestant churches, this act
     regarded as simply declaratory, not as imparting forgiveness.

   4. (Eccl.) An absolving from ecclesiastical penalties, -- for example,
   excommunication. P. Cyc.

   5. The form of words by which a penitent is absolved. Shipley.

   6. Delivery, in speech. [Obs.] B. Jonson.
   Absolution day (R. C. Ch.), Tuesday before Easter.

                                  Absolutism

   Ab"so*lu`tism (#), n.

   1.  The  state  of  being  absolute;  the  system  or  doctrine of the
   absolute;   the  principles  or  practice  of  absolute  or  arbitrary
   government; despotism.

     The element of absolutism and prelacy was controlling. Palfrey.

   2. (Theol.) Doctrine of absolute decrees. Ash.

                                  Absolutist

   Ab"so*lu`tist (#), n.

   1. One who is in favor of an absolute or autocratic government.

   2.  (Metaph.)  One  who  believes  that  it  is  possible to realize a
   cognition or concept of the absolute. Sir. W. Hamilton.

                                  Absolutist

   Ab"so*lu`tist, a. Of or pertaining to absolutism; arbitrary; despotic;
   as, absolutist principles.

                                 Absolutistic

   Ab`so*lu*tis"tic (#), a. Pertaining to absolutism; absolutist.

                                  Absolutory

   Ab*sol"u*to*ry  (#),  a.  [L. absolutorius, fr. absolvere to absolve.]
   Serving to absolve; absolving. "An absolutory sentence." Ayliffe.

                                  Absolvable

   Ab*solv"a*ble (#), a. That may be absolved.

                                  Absolvatory

   Ab*solv"a*to*ry (#), a. Conferring absolution; absolutory.

                                    Absolve

   Ab*solve"  (#; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Absolved (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Absolving.]  [L.  absolvere  to  set free, to absolve; ab + solvere to
   loose. See Assoil, Solve.]

   1.  To  set  free,  or  release,  as  from  some  obligation, debt, or
   responsibility,  or  from the consequences of guilt or such ties as it
   would  be sin or guilt to violate; to pronounce free; as, to absolve a
   subject  from his allegiance; to absolve an offender, which amounts to
   an acquittal and remission of his punishment.

     Halifax was absolved by a majority of fourteen. Macaulay.

   2. To free from a penalty; to pardon; to remit (a sin); -- said of the
   sin or guilt.

     In his name I absolve your perjury. Gibbon.

   3. To finish; to accomplish. [Obs.]

     The work begun, how soon absolved. Milton.

   4. To resolve or explain. [Obs.] "We shall not absolve the doubt." Sir
   T. Browne.
   Syn.  --  To Absolve, Exonerate, Acquit. We speak of a man as absolved
   from  something  that  binds his conscience, or involves the charge of
   wrongdoing;  as,  to absolve from allegiance or from the obligation of
   an  oath, or a promise. We speak of a person as exonerated, when he is
   released  from some burden which had rested upon him; as, to exonerate
   from  suspicion, to exonerate from blame or odium. It implies a purely
   moral  acquittal.  We  speak of a person as acquitted, when a decision
   has been made in his favor with reference to a specific charge, either
   by  a  jury  or  by disinterested persons; as, he was acquitted of all
   participation in the crime.

                                   Absolvent

   Ab*solv"ent  (#),  a.  [L. absolvens, p. pr. of absolvere.] Absolving.
   [R.] Carlyle.

                                   Absolvent

   Ab*solv"ent, n. An absolver. [R.] Hobbes.

                                   Absolver

   Ab*solv"er (#), n. One who absolves. Macaulay.

                                   Absonant

   Ab"so*nant  (#),  a.  [L.  ab  +  sonans,  p. pr. of sonare to sound.]
   Discordant;  contrary;  -- opposed to consonant. "Absonant to nature."
   Quarles.

                                   Absonous

   Ab"so*nous  (#),  a.  [L.  absonus;  ab  +  sonus  sound.] Discordant;
   inharmonious; incongruous. [Obs.] "Absonous to our reason." Glanvill.

                                    Absorb

   Ab*sorb"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Absorbed (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Absorbing.]  [L.  absorbere;  ab  +  sorbere  to  suck in, akin to Gr.
   absorber.]

   1. To swallow up; to engulf; to overwhelm; to cause to disappear as if
   by  swallowing  up; to use up; to include. "Dark oblivion soon absorbs
   them all." Cowper.

     The large cities absorb the wealth and fashion. W. Irving.

   2.  To suck up; to drink in; to imbibe; as a sponge or as the lacteals
   of the body. Bacon.

   3. To engross or engage wholly; to occupy fully; as, absorbed in study
   or the pursuit of wealth.

   4.  To take up by cohesive, chemical, or any molecular action, as when
   charcoal  absorbs  gases. So heat, light, and electricity are absorbed
   or  taken up in the substances into which they pass. Nichol. p. 8 Syn.
   --  To  Absorb,  Engross, Swallow up, Engulf. These words agree in one
   general idea, that of completely taking up. They are chiefly used in a
   figurative  sense  and  may  be  distinguished by a reference to their
   etymology. We speak of a person as absorbed (lit., drawn in, swallowed
   up)  in  study  or  some  other employment of the highest interest. We
   speak  of  a  person  as ebgrossed (lit., seized upon in the gross, or
   wholly)  by  something  which occupies his whole time and thoughts, as
   the  acquisition  of wealth, or the attainment of honor. We speak of a
   person (under a stronger image) as swallowed up and lost in that which
   completely  occupies  his  thoughts  and  feelings, as in grief at the
   death  of  a friend, or in the multiplied cares of life. We speak of a
   person  as engulfed in that which (like a gulf) takes in all his hopes
   and interests; as, engulfed in misery, ruin, etc.

     That grave question which had begun to absorb the Christian mind --
     the marriage of the clergy. Milman.

     Too  long  hath  love  engrossed  Britannia's  stage,  And  sunk to
     softness all our tragic rage. Tickell.

     Should not the sad occasion swallow up My other cares? Addison.

     And in destruction's river Engulf and swallow those. Sir P. Sidney.

                                 Absorbability

   Ab*sorb`a*bil"i*ty  (#),  n. The state or quality of being absorbable.
   Graham (Chemistry).

                                  Absorbable

   Ab*sorb"a*ble,  a.  [Cf.  F. absorbable.] Capable of being absorbed or
   swallowed up. Kerr.

                                  Absorbedly

   Ab*sorb"ed*ly, adv. In a manner as if wholly engrossed or engaged.

                                  Absorbency

   Ab*sorb"en*cy (#), n. Absorptiveness.

                                   Absorbent

   Ab*sorb"ent  (#),  a.  [L. absorbens, p. pr. of absorbere.] Absorbing;
   swallowing;  absorptive.  Absorbent ground (Paint.), a ground prepared
   for  a  picture, chiefly with distemper, or water colors, by which the
   oil is absorbed, and a brilliancy is imparted to the colors.

                                   Absorbent

   Ab*sorb"ent, n.

   1. Anything which absorbs.

     The ocean, itself a bad absorbent of heat. Darwin.

   2.  (Med.)  Any  substance which absorbs and neutralizes acid fluid in
   the  stomach and bowels, as magnesia, chalk, etc.; also a substance e.
   g.,  iodine)  which  acts  on  the  absorbent  vessels so as to reduce
   enlarged and indurated parts.

   3. pl. (Physiol.) The vessels by which the processes of absorption are
   carried on, as the lymphatics in animals, the extremities of the roots
   in plants.

                                   Absorber

   Ab*sorb"er (#), n. One who, or that which, absorbs.

                                   Absorbing

   Ab*sorb"ing,  a.  Swallowing, engrossing; as, an absorbing pursuit. --
   Ab*sorb"ing, adv.

                                  Absorbition

   Ab`sor*bi"tion (#), n. Absorption. [Obs.]

                                    Absorpt

   Ab*sorpt`  (#), a. [L. absorptus, p. p.] Absorbed. [Arcahic.] "Absorpt
   in care." Pope.

                                  Absorption

   Ab*sorp"tion (#), n. [L. absorptio, fr. absorbere. See Absorb.]

   1. The act or process of absorbing or sucking in anything, or of being
   absorbed  and  made  to  disappear;  as, the absorption of bodies in a
   whirlpool, the absorption of a smaller tribe into a larger.

   2. (Chem. & Physics) An imbibing or reception by molecular or chemical
   action; as, the absorption of light, heat, electricity, etc.

   3.  (Physiol.) In living organisms, the process by which the materials
   of  growth  and nutrition are absorbed and conveyed to the tissues and
   organs.

   4.  Entire  engrossment  or  occupation of the mind; as, absorption in
   some employment.

                                  Absorptive

   Ab*sorp"tive  (#), a. Having power, capacity, or tendency to absorb or
   imbibe. E. Darwin.

                                Absorptiveness

   Ab*sorp"tive*ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being absorptive; absorptive
   power.

                                 Absorptivity

   Ab`sorp*tiv"i*ty (#), n. Absorptiveness.

                                 Absquatulate

   Ab*squat"u*late  (#),  v.  i.  To  take  one's self off; to decamp. [A
   jocular word. U. S.]

                                  Absque hoc

   Abs"que  hoc  (#).  [L.,  without  this.] (Law) The technical words of
   denial used in traversing what has been alleged, and is repeated.

                                    Abstain

   Ab*stain"  (#),  v.  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Abstained (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Abstaining.]  [OE.  absteynen,  abstenen,  OF.  astenir,  abstenir, F.
   abstenir,  fr.  L.  abstinere, abstentum, v. t. & v. i., to keep from;
   ab,  abs  + tenere to hold. See Tenable.] To hold one's self aloof; to
   forbear  or  refrain voluntarily, and especially from an indulgence of
   the passions or appetites; -- with from.

     Not a few abstained from voting. Macaulay.

     Who abstains from meat that is not gaunt? Shak.

   Syn.  --  To  refrain;  forbear;  withhold;  deny one's self; give up;
   relinquish.

                                    Abstain

   Ab*stain", v. t. To hinder; to withhold.

     Whether he abstain men from marrying. Milton.

                                   Abstainer

   Ab*stain"er  (#), n. One who abstains; esp., one who abstains from the
   use of intoxicating liquors.

                                  Abstemious

   Ab*ste"mi*ous  (#),  a.  [L.  abstemius;  ab,  abs  +  root of temetum
   intoxicating drink.]

   1. Abstaining from wine. [Orig. Latin sense.]

     Under  his  special  eye  Abstemious  I  grew up and thrived amain.
     Milton.

   2.  Sparing  in  diet;  refraining  from a free use of food and strong
   drinks;  temperate;  abstinent;  sparing  in  the  indulgence  of  the
   appetite or passions.

     Instances of longevity are chiefly among the abstemious. Arbuthnot.

   3.  Sparingly  used;  used  with  temperance  or  moderation;  as,  an
   abstemious diet. Gibbon.

   4.  Marked  by,  or spent in, abstinence; as, an abstemious life. "One
   abstemious day." Pope.

   5. Promotive of abstemiousness. [R.]

     Such is the virtue of the abstemious well. Dryden.

                                Abstemiousness

   Ab*ste"mi*ous*ness,  n. The quality of being abstemious, temperate, or
   sparing  in  the use of food and strong drinks. It expresses a greater
   degree of abstinence than temperance.

                                  Abstention

   Ab*sten"tion  (#),  a.  [F.  See  Abstain.]  The  act of abstaining; a
   holding aloof. Jer. Taylor.

                                  Abstentious

   Ab*sten"tious  (#),  a. Characterized by abstinence; self-restraining.
   Farrar.

                                   Absterge

   Ab*sterge  (#),  v. t. [L. abstergere, abstersum; ab, abs + tergere to
   wipe.  Cf.  F  absterger.]  To  make clean by wiping; to wipe away; to
   cleanse; hence, to purge. [R.] Quincy.

                                  Abstergent

   Ab*ster"gent (#), a. [L. abstergens, p. pr. of abstergere.] Serving to
   cleanse, detergent.

                                  Abstergent

   Ab*ster"gent,  n. A substance used in cleansing; a detergent; as, soap
   is an abstergent.

                                   Absterse

   Ab*sterse"  (#),  v. t. To absterge; to cleanse; to purge away. [Obs.]
   Sir T. Browne.

                                  Abstersion

   Ab*ster"sion  (#),  n.  [F.  abstersion.  See Absterge.] Act of wiping
   clean; a cleansing; a purging.

     The task of ablution and abstersion being performed. Sir W. Scott.

                                  Abstersive

   Ab*ster"sive  (#),  a.  [Cf.  F.  abstersif. See Absterge.] Cleansing;
   purging. Bacon.

                                  Abstersive

   Ab*ster"sive, n. Something cleansing.

     The strong abstersive of some heroic magistrate. Milton.

                                Abstersiveness

   Ab*ster"sive*ness, n. The quality of being abstersive. Fuller.

                                  Abstinence

   Ab"sti*nence  (#),  n.  [F. abstinence, L. abstinentia, fr. abstinere.
   See Abstain.]

   1.  The  act  or  practice of abstaining; voluntary forbearance of any
   action,  especially  the refraining from an indulgence of appetite, or
   from  customary  gratifications  of  animal  or  sensual propensities.
   Specifically,  the practice of abstaining from intoxicating beverages,
   -- called also total abstinence.

     The  abstinence  from  a  present  pleasure that offers itself is a
     pain, nay, oftentimes, a very great one. Locke.

   2.  The  practice  of  self-denial  by depriving one's self of certain
   kinds of food or drink, especially of meat.

     Penance,  fasts,  and  abstinence,  To punish bodies for the soul's
     offense. Dryden.

                                  Abstinency

   Ab"sti*nen*cy (#), n. Abstinence. [R.]

                                   Abstinent

   Ab"sti*nent  (#), a. [F. abstinent, L. abstinens, p. pr. of abstinere.
   See   Abstain.]   Refraining  from  indulgence,  especially  from  the
   indulgence of appetite; abstemious; continent; temperate. Beau. & Fl.

                                   Abstinent

   Ab"sti*nent, n.

   1. One who abstains.

   2. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect who appeared in France and Spain in the
   3d century.

                                  Abstinently

   Ab"sti*nent*ly, adv. With abstinence.

                                   Abstorted

   Ab*stort"ed (#), a. [As if fr. abstort, fr. L. ab, abs + tortus, p. p.
   of torquere to twist.] Wrested away. [Obs.] Bailey.

                                   Abstract

   Ab"stract`  (#;  277),  a. [L. abstractus, p. p. of abstrahere to draw
   from, separate; ab, abs + trahere to draw. See Trace.]

   1. Withdraw; separate. [Obs.]

     The more abstract . . . we are from the body. Norris.

   2.  Considered  apart  from  any  application  to a particular object;
   separated  from  matter; exiting in the mind only; as, abstract truth,
   abstract numbers. Hence: ideal; abstruse; difficult.

   3.  (Logic)  (a)  Expressing a particular property of an object viewed
   apart  from  the  other  properties which constitute it; -- opposed to
   concrete;  as,  honesty is an abstract word. J. S. Mill. (b) Resulting
   from  the  mental  faculty  of  abstraction;  general  as  opposed  to
   particular; as, "reptile" is an abstract or general name. Locke.

     A  concrete  name  is  a name which stands for a thing; an abstract
     name which stands for an attribute of a thing. A practice has grown
     up  in  more  modern  times, which, if not introduced by Locke, has
     gained  currency  from  his  example,  of  applying  the expression
     "abstract  name"  to  all names which are the result of abstraction
     and  generalization, and consequently to all general names, instead
     of confining it to the names of attributes. J. S. Mill.

   4. Abstracted; absent in mind. "Abstract, as in a trance." Milton.
   An  abstract  idea (Metaph.), an idea separated from a complex object,
   or  from  other ideas which naturally accompany it; as the solidity of
   marble  when  contemplated apart from its color or figure. -- Abstract
   terms,  those  which  express  abstract  ideas,  as beauty, whiteness,
   roundness,  without  regarding  any  object  in  which  they exist; or
   abstract  terms  are the names of orders, genera or species of things,
   in  which  there  is  a  combination of similar qualities. -- Abstract
   numbers  (Math.), numbers used without application to things, as 6, 8,
   10;  but  when  applied  to  any thing, as 6 feet, 10 men, they become
   concrete. -- Abstract OR Pure mathematics. See Mathematics.

                                   Abstract

   Ab*stract"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Abstracted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Abstracting.] [See Abstract, a.]

   1. To withdraw; to separate; to take away.

     He  was  incapable  of forming any opinion or resolution abstracted
     from his own prejudices. Sir W. Scott.

   2. To draw off in respect to interest or attention; as, his was wholly
   abstracted by other objects.

     The young stranger had been abstracted and silent. Blackw. Mag.

   3. To separate, as ideas, by the operation of the mind; to consider by
   itself; to contemplate separately, as a quality or attribute. Whately.

   4. To epitomize; to abridge. Franklin.

   5.  To take secretly or dishonestly; to purloin; as, to abstract goods
   from a parcel, or money from a till.

     Von  Rosen  had  quietly  abstracted  the  bearing-reins  from  the
     harness. W. Black.

   6.  (Chem.)  To  separate,  as the more volatile or soluble parts of a
   substance,  by distillation or other chemical processes. In this sense
   extract is now more generally used.

                                   Abstract

   Ab*stract", v. t. To perform the process of abstraction. [R.]

     I own myself able to abstract in one sense. Berkeley.

                                   Abstract

   Ab"stract` (#), n. [See Abstract, a.]

   1.  That  which  comprises  or  concentrates  in  itself the essential
   qualities  of  a  larger  thing  or of several things. Specifically: A
   summary  or an epitome, as of a treatise or book, or of a statement; a
   brief.

     An abstract of every treatise he had read. Watts.

     Man,  the  abstract  Of  all  perfection,  which the workmanship Of
     Heaven hath modeled. Ford.

   2.  A state of separation from other things; as, to consider a subject
   in the abstract, or apart from other associated things.

   3. An abstract term.

     The concretes "father" and "son" have, or might have, the abstracts
     "paternity" and "filiety." J. S. Mill.

   4. (Med.) A powdered solid extract of a vegetable substance mixed with
   sugar  of  milk  in  such  proportion  that  one  part of the abstract
   represents two parts of the original substance.
   Abstract  of  title  (Law),  an epitome of the evidences of ownership.
   Syn. -- Abridgment; compendium; epitome; synopsis. See Abridgment.

                                  Abstracted

   Ab*stract"ed (#), a.

   1. Separated or disconnected; withdrawn; removed; apart.

     The evil abstracted stood from his own evil. Milton.

   2. Separated from matter; abstract; ideal. [Obs.]

   3. Abstract; abstruse; difficult. [Obs.] Johnson.

   4.  Inattentive to surrounding objects; absent in mind. "An abstracted
   scholar." Johnson.

                                 Abstractedly

   Ab*stract"ed*ly,  adv.  In  an  abstracted  manner;  separately;  with
   absence of mind.

                                Abstractedness

   Ab*stract"ed*ness,   n.   The  state  of  being  abstracted;  abstract
   character.

                                  Abstracter

   Ab*stract"er (#), n. One who abstracts, or makes an abstract.

                                  Abstraction

   Ab*strac"tion (#), n. [Cf. F. abstraction. See Abstract, a.]

   1. The act of abstracting, separating, or withdrawing, or the state of
   being withdrawn; withdrawal.

     A  wrongful  abstraction  of  wealth  from  certain  members of the
     community. J. S. Mill.

   2.  (Metaph.)  The  act process of leaving out of consideration one or
   more  properties  of  a  complex  object  so  as  to attend to others;
   analysis.  Thus, when the mind considers the form of a tree by itself,
   or  the color of the leaves as separate from their size or figure, the
   act  is  called  abstraction.  So,  also, when it considers whiteness,
   softness, virtue, existence, as separate from any particular objects.

     NOTE: &hand; Ab straction is  necessary to classification, by which
     things  are arranged in genera and species. We separate in idea the
     qualities  of  certain  objects,  which  are of the same kind, from
     others which are different, in each, and arrange the objects having
     the same properties in a class, or collected body.

     Abstraction  is  no  positive  act:  it  is  simply the negative of
     attention. Sir W. Hamilton.

   3.  An  idea  or  notion of an abstract, or theoretical nature; as, to
   fight for mere abstractions.

   4.  A  separation from worldly objects; a recluse life; as, a hermit's
   abstraction.

   5. Absence or absorption of mind; inattention to present objects.

   6.  The  taking surreptitiously for one's own use part of the property
   of another; purloining. [Modern]

   7.  (Chem.) A separation of volatile parts by the act of distillation.
   Nicholson.

                                 Abstractional

   Ab*strac"tion*al (#), a. Pertaining to abstraction.

                                Abstractionist

   Ab*strac"tion*ist, n. An idealist. Emerson.

                                Abstractitious

   Ab`strac*ti"tious (#), a. Obtained from plants by distillation. [Obs.]
   Crabb.

                                  Abstractive

   Ab*strac"tive  (#),  a.  [Cf.  F.  abstractif.]  Having  the  power of
   abstracting;  of  an abstracting nature. "The abstractive faculty." I.
   Taylor.

                                 Abstractively

   Ab*strac"tive*ly,  adv.  In  a  abstract  manner; separately; in or by
   itself. Feltham.

                                Abstractiveness

   Ab*strac"tive*ness,  n.  The quality of being abstractive; abstractive
   property.

                                  Abstractly

   Ab"stract`ly   (#;   277),  adv.  In  an  abstract  state  or  manner;
   separately; absolutely; by itself; as, matter abstractly considered.

                                 Abstractness

   Ab"stract`ness, n. The quality of being abstract. "The abstractness of
   the ideas." Locke.

                                   Abstringe

   Ab*stringe"  (#),  v.  t.  [L  ab  +  stringere,  strictum,  to  press
   together.] To unbind. [Obs.] Bailey.

                                   Abstrude

   Ab*strude"  (#),  v. t. [L. abstrudere. See Abstruse.] To thrust away.
   [Obs.] Johnson.

                                   Abstruse

   Ab*struse"  (#), a. [L. abstrusus, p. p. of abstrudere to thrust away,
   conceal; ab, abs + trudere to thrust; cf. F. abstrus. See Threat.]

   1. Concealed or hidden out of the way. [Obs.]

     The eternal eye whose sight discerns Abstrusest thoughts. Milton.

   2.   Remote   from  apprehension;  difficult  to  be  comprehended  or
   understood; recondite; as, abstruse learning.

     Profound and abstruse topics. Milman.

                                  Abstrusely

   Ab*struse"ly, adv. In an abstruse manner.

                                 Abstruseness

   Ab*struse"ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being  abstruse;  difficulty of
   apprehension. Boyle.

                                  Abstrusion

   Ab*stru"sion  (#),  n.  [L.  abstrusio.  See  Abstruse.]  The  act  of
   thrusting away. [R.] Ogilvie.

                                  Abstrusity

   Ab*stru"si*ty  (#),  n. Abstruseness; that which is abstruse. [R.] Sir
   T. Browne.

                                    Absume

   Ab*sume"  (#), v. t. [L. absumere, absumptum; ab + sumere to take.] To
   consume gradually; to waste away. [Obs.] Boyle.

                                  Absumption

   Ab*sump"tion  (#;  215), n. [L. absumptio. See Absume.] Act of wasting
   away; a consuming; extinction. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

                                    Absurd

   Ab*surd" (#), a. [L. absurdus harsh-sounding; ab + (prob) a derivative
   fr. a root svar to sound; not connected with surd: cf. F. absurde. See
   Syringe.]  Contrary  to  reason  or  propriety;  obviously  and fiatly
   opposed  to  manifest  truth;  inconsistent with the plain dictates of
   common sense; logically contradictory; nonsensical; ridiculous; as, an
   absurd person, an absurd opinion; an absurd dream.

     This proffer is absurd and reasonless. Shak.

     'This phrase absurd to call a villain great. Pope.

   p.   9   Syn.   --   Foolish;  irrational;  ridiculous;  preposterous;
   inconsistent;    incongruous.    --   Absurd,   Irrational,   Foolish,
   Preposterous. Of these terms, irrational is the weakest, denoting that
   which  is  plainly inconsistent with the dictates of sound reason; as,
   an irrational course of life. Foolish rises higher, and implies either
   a  perversion  of  that faculty, or an absolute weakness or fatuity of
   mind;  as,  foolish  enterprises.  Absurd rises still higher, denoting
   that  which  is  plainly  opposed to received notions of propriety and
   truth;  as,  an  absurd  man,  project, opinion, story, argument, etc.
   Preposterous rises still higher, and supposes an absolute inversion in
   the order of things; or, in plain terms, a "putting of the cart before
   the  horse;"  as,  a  preposterous suggestion, preposterous conduct, a
   preposterous regulation or law.

                                    Absurd

   Ab*surd" (#), n. An absurdity. [Obs.] Pope.

                                   Absurdity

   Ab*surd"i*ty  (#),  n.;  pl.  Absurdities  (#). [L. absurditas: cf. F.
   absurdite.]

   1.  The  quality  of  being absurd or inconsistent with obvious truth,
   reason,  or  sound  judgment.  "The absurdity of the actual idea of an
   infinite number." Locke.

   2. That which is absurd; an absurd action; a logical contradiction.

     His travels were full of absurdities. Johnson.

                                   Absurdly

   Ab*surd"ly, adv. In an absurd manner.

                                  Absurdness

   Ab*surd"ness, n. Absurdity. [R.]

                                     Abuna

   A*bu"na  (#), n. [Eth. and Ar., our father.] The Patriarch, or head of
   the Abyssinian Church.

                                   Abundance

   A*bun"dance  (#),  n.  [OE.  (h)abudaunce, abundance, F. abundance, F.
   abondance,  L.  abundantia,  fr. abundare. See Abound.] An overflowing
   fullness;  ample sufficiency; great plenty; profusion; copious supply;
   superfluity;  wealth:  --  strictly  applicable  to quantity only, but
   sometimes used of number.

     It  is  lamentable  to  remember what abundance of noble blood hath
     been shed with small benefit to the Christian state. Raleigh.

   Syn.  --  Exuberance;  plenteousness;  plenty;  copiousness; overflow;
   riches;  affluence;  wealth.  --  Abundance, Plenty, Exuberance. These
   words  rise upon each other in expressing the idea of fullness. Plenty
   denotes a sufficiency to supply every want; as, plenty of food, plenty
   of  money,  etc.  Abundance  express  more,  and  gives  the  idea  of
   superfluity  or  excess;  as, abundance of riches, an abundance of wit
   and  humor;  often,  however, it only denotes plenty in a high degree.
   Exuberance  rises  still higher, and implies a bursting forth on every
   side,  producing great superfluity or redundance; as, an exuberance of
   mirth, an exuberance of animal spirits, etc.

                                   Abundant

   A*bun"dant  (#),  a.  [OE. (h)abundant, aboundant, F. abondant, fr. L.
   abudans, p. pr. of abundare. See Abound.] Fully sufficient; plentiful;
   in  copious  supply;  --  followed by in, rarely by with. "Abundant in
   goodness  and  truth."  Exod.  xxxiv.  6.  Abundant  number (Math.), a
   number,  the  sum  of  whose  aliquot parts exceeds the number itself.
   Thus, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, the aliquot parts of 12, make the number 16. This
   is opposed to a deficient number, as 14, whose aliquot parts are 1, 2,
   7,  the sum of which is 10; and to a perfect number, which is equal to
   the  sum of its aliquot parts, as 6, whose aliquot parts are 1, 2., 3.
   Syn.  -- Ample; plentiful; copious; plenteous; exuberant; overflowing;
   rich; teeming; profuse; bountiful; liberal. See Ample.
   
                                  Abundantly
                                       
   A*bun"dant*ly, adv. In a sufficient degree; fully; amply; plentifully;
   in large measure.
   
                                    Aburst
                                       
   A*burst" (#), adv. [Pref. a- + burst.] In a bursting condition.
   
                                   Abusable
                                       
   A*bus"a*ble (#), a. That may be abused. 

                                    Abusage

   A*bus"age (#), n. Abuse. [Obs.] Whately (1634).

                                     Abuse

   A*buse" (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abused (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Abusing.]
   [F.  abuser;  L.  abusus, p. p. of abuti to abuse, misuse; ab + uti to
   use. See Use.]

   1. To put to a wrong use; to misapply; to misuse; to put to a bad use;
   to  use for a wrong purpose or end; to pervert; as, to abuse inherited
   gold; to make an excessive use of; as, to abuse one's authority.

     This  principle  (if one may so abuse the word) shoots rapidly into
     popularity. Froude.

   2. To use ill; to maltreat; to act injuriously to; to punish or to tax
   excessively;  to  hurt; as, to abuse prisoners, to abuse one's powers,
   one's patience.

   3. To revile; to reproach coarsely; to disparage.

     The . . . tellers of news abused the general. Macaulay.

   4. To dishonor. "Shall flight abuse your name?" Shak.

   5. To violate; to ravish. Spenser.

   6. To deceive; to impose on. [Obs.]

     Their  eyes red and staring, cozened with a moist cloud, and abused
     by a double object. Jer. Taylor.

   Syn.  --  To  maltreat;  injure; revile; reproach; vilify; vituperate;
   asperse; traduce; malign.

                                     Abuse

   A*buse" (#), n. [F. abus, L. abusus, fr. abuti. See Abuse, v. t.]

   1.  Improper  treatment or use; application to a wrong or bad purpose;
   misuse;  as, an abuse of our natural powers; an abuse of civil rights,
   or of privileges or advantages; an abuse of language.

     Liberty  may  be endangered by the abuses of liberty, as well as by
     the abuses of power. Madison.

   2.  Physical  ill  treatment;  injury.  "Rejoice . . . at the abuse of
   Falstaff." Shak.

   3. A corrupt practice or custom; offense; crime; fault; as, the abuses
   in the civil service.

     Abuse after disappeared without a struggle.. Macaulay.

   4.  Vituperative  words;  coarse,  insulting speech; abusive language;
   virulent condemnation; reviling.

     The  two  parties,  after  exchanging a good deal of abuse, came to
     blows. Macaulay.

   5. Violation; rape; as, abuse of a female child. [Obs.]

     Or is it some abuse, and no such thing? Shak.

   Abuse  of  distress  (Law),  a  wrongful using of an animal or chattel
   distrained, by the distrainer. Syn. -- Invective; contumely; reproach;
   scurrility;   insult;   opprobrium.  --  Abuse,  Invective.  Abuse  is
   generally  prompted  by anger, and vented in harsh and unseemly words.
   It  is  more personal and coarse than invective. Abuse generally takes
   place in private quarrels; invective in writing or public discussions.
   Invective  may  be  conveyed  in  refined  language  and  dictated  by
   indignation against what is blameworthy. C. J. Smith.

                                   Abuseful

   A*buse"ful  (#), a. Full of abuse; abusive. [R.] "Abuseful names." Bp.
   Barlow.

                                    Abuser

   A*bus"er (#), n. One who abuses [in the various senses of the verb].

                                    Abusion

   A*bu"sion  (#),  n. [OE. abusion, abusioun, OF. abusion, fr. L. abusio
   misuse  of  words,  f. abuti. See Abuse, v. t.] Evil or corrupt usage;
   abuse; wrong; reproach; deception; cheat. Chaucer.

                                    Abusive

   A*bu"sive (#), a. [Cf. F. abusif, fr. L. abusivus.]

   1. Wrongly used; perverted; misapplied.

     I  am  .  .  .  necessitated to use the word Parliament improperly,
     according to the abusive acceptation thereof. Fuller.

   2.  Given  to  misusing;  also, full of abuses. [Archaic] "The abusive
   prerogatives of his see." Hallam.

   3.  Practicing abuse; prone to ill treat by coarse, insulting words or
   by other ill usage; as, an abusive author; an abusive fellow.

   4.   Containing   abuse,  or  serving  as  the  instrument  of  abuse;
   vituperative; reproachful; scurrilous. "An abusive lampoon." Johnson.

   5.  Tending  to  deceive;  fraudulent;  cheating.  [Obs.]  "An abusive
   treaty."   Bacon.   Syn.   --  Reproachful;  scurrilous;  opprobrious;
   insolent; insulting; injurious; offensive; reviling.

                                   Abusively

   A*bu"sive*ly,   adv.  In  an  abusive  manner;  rudely;  with  abusive
   language.

                                  Abusiveness

   A*bu"sive*ness, n. The quality of being abusive; rudeness of language,
   or violence to the person.

     Pick  out  mirth,  like  stones  out  of  thy  ground, Profaneness,
     filthiness, abusiveness. Herbert.

                                     Abut

   A*but"  (#),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Abutted; p. pr. & vb. n. Abutting.]
   [OF. abouter, aboter; cf. F. aboutir, and also abuter; a (L. ad) + OF.
   boter,  buter,  to  push:  cf.  F. bout end, and but end, purpose.] To
   project;  to  terminate  or border; to be contiguous; to meet; -- with
   on, upon, or against; as, his land abuts on the road.

                                   Abutilon

   A*bu"ti*lon  (#),  n.  [Ar.  aub\'d4t\'c6l\'d4n.]  (Bot.)  A  genus of
   malvaceous  plants  of many species, found in the torrid and temperate
   zones of both continents; -- called also Indian mallow.

                                   Abutment

   A*but"ment (#), n.

   1. State of abutting.

   2.  That  on  or against which a body abuts or presses; as (a) (Arch.)
   The  solid  part of a pier or wall, etc., which receives the thrust or
   lateral  pressure  of  an  arch, vault, or strut. Gwilt. (b) (mech.) A
   fixed  point or surface from which resistance or reaction is obtained,
   as  the  cylinder head of a steam engine, the fulcrum of a lever, etc.
   (c)  In  breech-loading  firearms,  the  block behind the barrel which
   receives the pressure due to recoil.

                                    Abuttal

   A*but"tal (#), n. The butting or boundary of land, particularly at the
   end; a headland. Spelman.

                                    Abutter

   A*but"ter  (#),  n.  One  who, or that which, abuts. Specifically, the
   owner of a contiguous estate; as, the abutters on a street or a river.

                                     Abuzz

   A*buzz"  (#),  a.  [Pref.  a-  +  buzz.] In a buzz; buzzing. [Colloq.]
   Dickens.

                                   Aby, Abye

   A*by",  A*bye"  (#),  v.  t.  &  i.  [imp.  & p. p. Abought (#).] [AS.
   \'bebycgan  to  pay  for;  pref. \'be- (cf. Goth. us-, Ger. er-, orig.
   meaning out) + bycgan to buy. See Buy, and cf. Abide.]

   1.  To  pay  for;  to suffer for; to atone for; to make amends for; to
   give satisfaction. [Obs.]

     Lest to thy peril thou aby it dear. Shak.

   2. To endure; to abide. [Obs.]

     But nought that wanteth rest can long aby. Spenser.

                                     Abysm

   A*bysm"  (#), n. [OF. abisme; F. abime, LL. abyssimus, a superl. of L.
   abyssus; Gr. Abyss.] An abyss; a gulf. "The abysm of hell." Shak.

                                    Abysmal

   A*bys"mal  (#), a. Pertaining to, or resembling, an abyss; bottomless;
   unending; profound.

     Geology  gives  one  the same abysmal extent of time that astronomy
     does of space. Carlyle.

                                   Abysmally

   A*bys"mal*ly,  adv.  To  a  fathomless  depth;  profoundly. "Abysmally
   ignorant." G. Eliot.

                                     Abyss

   A*byss" (#), n. [L. abyssus a bottomless gulf, fr. Gr.

   1.  A bottomless or unfathomed depth, gulf, or chasm; hence, any deep,
   immeasurable, and, specifically, hell, or the bottomless pit.

     Ye powers and spirits of this nethermost abyss. Milton.

     The throne is darkness, in the abyss of light. Dryden.

   2. Infinite time; a vast intellectual or moral depth.

     The abysses of metaphysical theology. Macaulay.

     In unfathomable abysses of disgrace. Burke.

   3. (Her.) The center of an escutcheon.

     NOTE: &hand; This word, in its leading uses, is associated with the
     cosmological notions of the Hebrews, having reference to a supposed
     illimitable mass of waters from which our earth sprung, and beneath
     whose profound depths the wicked were punished.

   Encyc. Brit.

                                    Abyssal

   A*byss"al  (#),  a.  [Cf.  Abysmal.]  Belonging  to, or resembling, an
   abyss;  unfathomable.  Abyssal zone (Phys. Geog.), one of the belts or
   zones  into  which  Sir  E.  Forbes  divides  the bottom of the sea in
   describing  its  plants, animals, etc. It is the one furthest from the
   shore,  embracing  all beyond one hundred fathoms deep. Hence, abyssal
   animals, plants, etc.
   
                                  Abyssinian
                                       
   Ab`ys*sin"i*an (#), a. Of or pertaining to Abyssinia. Abyssinian gold,
   an alloy of 90.74 parts of copper and 8.33 parts of zink. Ure.

                                  Abyssinian

   Ab`ys*sin"i*an, n.

   1. A native of Abyssinia.

   2. A member of the Abyssinian Church.

                                    Acacia

   A*ca"ci*a  (#),  n. (Antiq.) A roll or bag, filled with dust, borne by
   Byzantine  emperors,  as  a memento of mortality. It is represented on
   medals.

                                    Acacia

   A*ca"cia  (#),  n.; pl. E. Acacias (#), L. Acaci\'91 (#). [L. from Gr.
   ak to be sharp. See Acute.]

   1.  A  genus  of  leguminous  trees and shrubs. Nearly 300 species are
   Australian  or  Polynesian,  and  have terete or vertically compressed
   leaf stalks, instead of the bipinnate leaves of the much fewer species
   of America, Africa, etc. Very few are found in temperate climates.

   2.  (Med.)  The  inspissated  juice  of  several species of acacia; --
   called also gum acacia, and gum arabic.

                                Acacin, Acacine

   Ac"a*cin, Ac"a*cine (#), n. Gum arabic.

                                    Academe

   Ac`a*deme"  (#),  n.  [L. academia. See Academy.] An academy. [Poetic]
   Shak.

                                   Academial

   Ac`a*de"mi*al (#), a. Academic. [R.]

                                   Academian

   Ac`a*de"mi*an (#), n. A member of an academy, university, or college.

                             Academic, Academical

   Ac`a*dem"ic  (#),  Ac`a*dem"ic*al  (#),  a.  [L.  academicus:  cf.  F.
   acad\'82migue. See Academy.]

   1.  Belonging  to  the school or philosophy of Plato; as, the Academic
   sect or philosophy.

   2.  Belonging  to  an academy or other higher institution of learning;
   scholarly;  literary  or  classical,  in  distinction from scientific.
   "Academic courses." Warburton. "Academical study." Berkeley.

                                   Academic

   Ac`a*dem"ic, n.

   1.  One  holding  the  philosophy  of Socrates and Plato; a Platonist.
   Hume.

   2. A member of an academy, college, or university; an academician.

                                 Academically

   Ac`a*dem`ic*al*ly, adv. In an academical manner.

                                  Academicals

   Ac`a*dem"ic*als  (#), n. pl. The articles of dress prescribed and worn
   at some colleges and universities.

                                  Academician

   Ac`a*de*mi"cian (#; 277), n. [F. acad\'82micien. See Academy.]

   1.  A  member of an academy, or society for promoting science, art, or
   literature, as of the French Academy, or the Royal Academy of arts.

   2. A collegian. [R.] Chesterfield.

                                  Academicism

   Ac`a*dem"i*cism (#), n.

   1. A tenet of the Academic philosophy.

   2. A mannerism or mode peculiar to an academy.

                                   Academism

   A*cad"e*mism  (#), n. The doctrines of the Academic philosophy. [Obs.]
   Baxter.

                                   Academist

   A*cad"e*mist (#), n. [F. academiste.]

   1. An Academic philosopher.

   2. An academician. [Obs.] Ray.

                                    Academy

   A*cad"e*my  (#),  n.; pl. Academies (#). [F. acad\'82mie, L. academia.
   Cf. Academe.]

   1.  A  garden  or grove near Athens (so named from the hero Academus),
   where  Plato  and  his followers held their philosophical conferences;
   hence, the school of philosophy of which Plato was head.

   2.  An  institution  for  the study of higher learning; a college or a
   university.  Popularly,  a  school, or seminary of learning, holding a
   rank between a college and a common school.

   3. A place of training; a school. "Academies of fanaticism." Hume.

   4. A society of learned men united for the advancement of the arts and
   sciences,  and  literature, or some particular art or science; as, the
   French  Academy;  the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; academies
   of literature and philology.

   5.  A school or place of training in which some special art is taught;
   as,  the military academy at West Point; a riding academy; the Academy
   of Music.
   Academy  figure  (Paint.), a drawing usually half life-size, in crayon
   or pencil, after a nude model.

                                    Acadian

   A*ca"di*an  (#),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  Acadie,  or Nova Scotia.
   "Acadian farmers." Longfellow. -- n. A native of Acadie. Acadian epoch
   (Geol.), an epoch at the beginning of the American paleozoic time, and
   including  the  oldest  American  rocks known to be fossiliferous. See
   Geology.  --  Acadian  owl  (Zo\'94l.),  a  small  North  American owl
   (Nyctule Acadica); the saw-whet.

                                    Acajou

   Ac"a*jou  (#),  n.  [F. See Cashew.] (Bot.) (a) The cashew tree; also,
   its fruit. See Cashew. (b) The mahogany tree; also, its timber.

                              Acaleph, Acalephan

   Ac"a*leph  (#), Ac`a*le"phan (#) n.; pl. Acalephs (#), Acalephans (#).
   [See Acaleph\'91.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the Acaleph\'91.

                                  Acaleph\'91

   Ac`a*le"ph\'91  (#),  n. pl. [NL., from Gr. A group of C\'d2lenterata,
   including  the  Medus\'91  or  jellyfishes, and hydroids; -- so called
   from the stinging power they possess. Sometimes called sea nettles.

                                  Acalephoid

   Ac`ale"phoid  (#),  a.  [Acaleph  +  -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) Belonging to or
   resembling the Acaleph\'91 or jellyfishes.

                            Acalycine, Acalysinous

   A*cal"y*cine (#), Ac`a*lys`i*nous (#), a. [Gr. (Bot.) Without a calyx,
   or outer floral envelope.

                                    Acanth

   A*canth" (#), n. Same as Acanthus.

                                    Acantha

   A*can"tha (#), n. [Gr. Acute.]

   1. (Bot.) A prickle.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A spine or prickly fin.

   3.  (Anat.)  The  vertebral column; the spinous process of a vertebra.
   Dunglison.

                                 Acanthaceous

   Ac"an*tha"ceous (#), a.

   1. Armed with prickles, as a plant.

   2.  (Bot.)  Of,  pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants of
   which the acanthus is the type.
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                                   Acanthine

   A*can"thine  (#), a. [L. acanthinus, Gr. Acanthus.] Of, pertaining to,
   or resembling, the plant acanthus.

                                Acanthocarpous

   A*can`tho*car"pous  (#),  a. [Gr. (Bot.) Having the fruit covered with
   spines.

                                Acanthocephala

   A*can`tho*ceph"a*la  (#),  n. pl. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A group of
   intestinal worms, having the proboscis armed with recurved spines.

                               Acanthocephalous

   A*can`tho*ceph"a*lous  (#),  a. (Zo\'94l.) Having a spiny head, as one
   of the Acanthocephala.

                                Acanthophorous

   Ac`an*thoph"o*rous (#), a. [Gr. Spine-bearing. Gray.

                                Acanthopodious

   A*can`tho*po"di*ous (#), a. [Gr. (Bot.) Having spinous petioles.

                                 Acanthopteri

   Ac`an*thop"ter*i  (#),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A group of
   teleostean fishes having spiny fins. See Acanthopterygii.

                                Acanthopterous

   Ac`an*thop"ter*ous (#), a. [Gr.

   1. (Zo\'94l.) Spiny-winged.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) Acanthopterygious.

                               Acanthopterygian

   Ac`an*thop`ter*yg"i*an  (#),  a.  (Zo\'94l.) Belonging to the order of
   fishes having spinose fins, as the perch. -- n. A spiny-finned fish.

                                Acanthopterygii

   Ac`an*thop`ter*yg"i*i  (#),  n. pl. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An order
   of  fishes  having  some  of the rays of the dorsal, ventral, and anal
   fins unarticulated and spinelike, as the perch.

                               Acanthopterygious

   Ac`an*thop`ter*yg"i*ous  (#),  a.  (Zo\'94l.) Having fins in which the
   rays are hard and spinelike; spiny-finned.

                                   Acanthus

   A*can"thus  (#),  n.; pl. E. Acanthuses (#), L. Acanthi (#). [L., from
   Gr. Acantha.]

   1.  (Bot.) A genus of herbaceous prickly plants, found in the south of
   Europe, Asia Minor, and India; bear's-breech.

   2.  (Arch.)  An  ornament  resembling  the  foliage  or  leaves of the
   acanthus   (Acanthus  spinosus);  --  used  in  the  capitals  of  the
   Corinthian and Composite orders.

                                  A cappella

   A  cap*pel"la  (#).  [It.  See Chapel.] (Mus.) (a) In church or chapel
   style;  --  said of compositions sung in the old church style, without
   instrumental accompaniment; as, a mass a capella, i. e., a mass purely
   vocal. (b) A time indication, equivalent to alla breve.

                                   Acapsular

   A*cap"su*lar  (#),  a.  [Pref.  a-  not  + capsular.] (Bot.) Having no
   capsule.

                                   Acardiac

   A*car"di*ac (#), a. [Gr. Without a heart; as, an acardiac fetus.

                                   Acaridan

   A*car"i*dan  (#),  n.  [See  Acarus.]  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  a group of
   arachnids, including the mites and ticks.

                                    Acarina

   Ac`a*ri"na  (#),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  from  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  group of
   Arachnida  which  includes  the  mites  and  ticks.  Many  species are
   parasitic, and cause diseases like the itch and mange.

                                    Acarine

   Ac"a*rine  (#),  a. (Med.) Of or caused by acari or mites; as, acarine
   diseases.

                                    Acaroid

   Ac"a*roid  (#), a. [NL., acarus a mite + -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) Shaped like
   or resembling a mite.

                                  Acarpellous

   Ac`ar*pel"lous  (#),  a.  [Pref.  a-  not  + carpel.] (Bot.) Having no
   carpels.

                                   Acarpous

   A*car"pous (#), a. [Gr. (Bot.) Not producing fruit; unfruitful.

                                    Acarus

   Ac"a*rus  (#),  n.;  pl.  Acari (#). [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus
   including many species of small mites.

                                  Acatalectic

   A*cat`a*lec"tic  (#), a. [L. acatalecticus, Gr. (Pros.) Not defective;
   complete;  as,  an  acatalectic  verse.  --  n.  A verse which has the
   complete number of feet and syllables.

                                  Acatalepsy

   A*cat"a*lep`sy   (#),  n.  [Gr.  Incomprehensibility  of  things;  the
   doctrine   held  by  the  ancient  Skeptic  philosophers,  that  human
   knowledge never amounts to certainty, but only to probability.

                                  Acataleptic

   A*cat`a*lep"tic   (#),   a.  [Gr.  Incapable  of  being  comprehended;
   incomprehensible.

                                    Acater

   A*ca"ter (#), n. See Caterer. [Obs.]

                                    Acates

   A*cates" (#), n. pl. See Cates. [Obs.]

                                   Acaudate

   A*cau"date (#), a. [Pref. a- not + caudate.] Tailless.

                                  Acaulescent

   Ac`au*les"cent  (#),  a. [Pref. a- not + caulescent.] (Bot.) Having no
   stem  or  caulis,  or  only  a very short one concealed in the ground.
   Gray.

                                   Acauline

   A*cau"line   (#),  a.  [Pref.  a-  not  +  cauline.]  (Bot.)  Same  as
   Acaulescent.

                              Acaulose, Acaulous

   A*cau"lose  (#),  A*cau"lous  (#),  a.  [Gr.  caulis stalk. See Cole.]
   (Bot.) Same as Acaulescent.

                                   Accadian

   Ac*ca"di*an  (#), a. [From the city Accad. See Gen. x. 10.] Pertaining
   to  a  race  supposed  to  have lived in Babylonia before the Assyrian
   conquest. -- Ac*ca"di*an, n., Ac"cad (#), n. Sayce.

                                    Accede

   Ac*cede"  (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Acceded; p. pr. & vb. n. Acceding.]
   [L.  accedere  to approach, accede; ad + cedere to move, yield: cf. F.
   acc\'82dere. See Cede.]

   1. To approach; to come forward; -- opposed to recede. [Obs.] T. Gale.

   2. To enter upon an office or dignity; to attain.

     Edward  IV.,  who  had  acceded  to the throne in the year 1461. T.
     Warton.

     If Frederick had acceded to the supreme power. Morley.

   3.  To  become  a party by associating one's self with others; to give
   one's adhesion. Hence, to agree or assent to a proposal or a view; as,
   he acceded to my request.

     The  treaty  of Hanover in 1725 . . . to which the Dutch afterwards
     acceded. Chesterfield.

   Syn. -- To agree; assent; consent; comply; acquiesce; concur.

                                   Accedence

   Ac*ced"ence (#), n. The act of acceding.

                                    Acceder

   Ac*ced"er (#), n. One who accedes.

                                  Accelerando

   Ac*cel`er*an"do  (#),  a.  [It.]  (Mus.)  Gradually  accelerating  the
   movement.

                                  Accelerate

   Ac*cel"er*ate  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accelerated (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Accelerating.] [L. acceleratus, p. p. of accelerare; ad + celerare
   to hasten; celer quick. See Celerity.]

   1.  To  cause  to move faster; to quicken the motion of; to add to the
   speed of; -- opposed to retard.

   2.  To  quicken the natural or ordinary progression or process of; as,
   to accelerate the growth of a plant, the increase of wealth, etc.

   3.  To  hasten,  as  the  occurence of an event; as, to accelerate our
   departure.
   Accelerated  motion  (Mech.),  motion  with  a  continually increasing
   velocity.  --  Accelerating  force, the force which causes accelerated
   motion.  Nichol.  Syn.  --  To  hasten;  expedite;  quicken; dispatch;
   forward; advance; further.

                                 Acceleration

   Ac*cel`er*a"tion  (#), n. [L. acceleratio: cf. F. acc\'82l\'82ration.]
   The  act  of accelerating, or the state of being accelerated; increase
   of motion or action; as, a falling body moves toward the earth with an
   acceleration of velocity; -- opposed to retardation.

     A  period  of  social  improvement, or of intellectual advancement,
     contains within itself a principle of acceleration. I. Taylor.

   (Astr.  &  Physics.)  Acceleration  of  the  moon, the increase of the
   moon's mean motion in its orbit, in consequence of which its period of
   revolution  is  now shorter than in ancient times. -- Acceleration and
   retardation  of the tides. See Priming of the tides, under Priming. --
   Diurnal  acceleration  of  the  fixed stars, the amount by which their
   apparent  diurnal  motion  exceeds  that of the sun, in consequence of
   which they daily come to the meridian of any place about three minutes
   fifty-six  seconds of solar time earlier than on the day preceding. --
   Acceleration  of the planets, the increasing velocity of their motion,
   in proceeding from the apogee to the perigee of their orbits.

                                 Accelerative

   Ac*cel"er*a*tive (#), a. Relating to acceleration; adding to velocity;
   quickening. Reid.

                                  Accelerator

   Ac*cel"er*a`tor  (#),  n. One who, or that which, accelerates. Also as
   an adj.; as, accelerator nerves.

                                 Acceleratory

   Ac*cel"er*a*to*ry (#), a. Accelerative.

                                 Accelerograph

   Ac*cel"er*o*graph  (#),  n. [Accelerate + -graph.] (Mil.) An apparatus
   for studying the combustion of powder in guns, etc.

                                 Accelerometer

   Ac*cel`er*om"e*ter  (#),  n.  [Accelerate  + -meter.] An apparatus for
   measuring the velocity imparted by gunpowder.

                                    Accend

   Ac*cend"  (#),  v.  t.  [L.  accendere,  accensum,  to  kindle;  ad  +
   cand\'cbre  to  kindle  (only  in compounds); rel. to cand\'c7re to be
   white,  to  gleam.  See  Candle.]  To  set  on fire; to kindle. [Obs.]
   Fotherby.

                                 Accendibility

   Ac*cend`i*bil"i*ty  (#),  n. Capacity of being kindled, or of becoming
   inflamed; inflammability.

                                  Accendible

   Ac*cend"i*ble   (#),   a.   Capable  of  being  inflamed  or  kindled;
   combustible; inflammable. Ure.

                                   Accension

   Ac*cen"sion (#), n. The act of kindling or the state of being kindled;
   ignition. Locke.

                                   Accensor

   Ac*cen"sor (#), n. [LL., from p. p. accensus. See Accend.] (R. C. Ch.)
   One of the functionaries who light and trim the tapers.

                                    Accent

   Ac"cent`  (#),  n.  [F.  accent,  L.  accentus; ad + cantus a singing,
   canere to sing. See Cant.]

   1.  A  superior  force  of  voice  or of articulative effort upon some
   particular  syllable of a word or a phrase, distinguishing it from the
   others.

     NOTE: &hand; Ma ny En glish words have two accents, the primary and
     the  secondary;  the primary being uttered with a greater stress of
     voice than the secondary; as in as\'b7pira\'b6tion, where the chief
     stress  is  on  the  third  syllable,  and a slighter stress on the
     first.      Some     words,     as     an\'b7tiap\'b7o-plec\'b6tic,
     in-com\'b7pre-hen\'b7si-bil\'b6i-ty,  have  two  secondary accents.
     See Guide to Pron., \'c5\'c5 30-46.

   2.  A  mark  or character used in writing, and serving to regulate the
   pronunciation;  esp.:  (a)  a mark to indicate the nature and place of
   the  spoken accent; (b) a mark to indicate the quality of sound of the
   vowel marked; as, the French accents.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e ancient Greek the acute accent (\'b7) meant a
     raised  tone  or pitch, the grave (`), the level tone or simply the
     negation of accent, the circumflex ( ~ or ^) a tone raised and then
     depressed. In works on elocution, the first is often used to denote
     the  rising  inflection  of  the  voice;  the  second,  the falling
     inflection;  and  the third (^), the compound or waving inflection.
     In  dictionaries, spelling books, and the like, the acute accent is
     used  to  designate the syllable which receives the chief stress of
     voice.

   3.  Modulation  of  the  voice  in  speaking;  manner  of  speaking or
   pronouncing;  peculiar  or  characteristic  modification of the voice;
   tone; as, a foreign accent; a French or a German accent. "Beguiled you
   in a plain accent." Shak. "A perfect accent." Thackeray.

     The tender accent of a woman's cry. Prior.

   4. A word; a significant tone; (pl.) expressions in general; speech.

     Winds!  on  your  wings  to  Heaven her accents bear, Such words as
     Heaven alone is fit to hear. Dryden.

   5. (Pros.) Stress laid on certain syllables of a verse.

   6.  (Mus.)  (a) A regularly recurring stress upon the tone to mark the
   beginning,  and,  more  feebly,  the  third part of the measure. (b) A
   special  emphasis  of  a tone, even in the weaker part of the measure.
   (c)  The  rythmical  accent,  which  marks  phrases  and sections of a
   period.  (d)  The  expressive emphasis and shading of a passage. J. S.
   Dwight.

   7.  (Math.)  (a)  A  mark  placed at the right hand of a letter, and a
   little above it, to distinguish magnitudes of a similar kind expressed
   by  the  same letter, but differing in value, as y\'b7, y\'b7\'b7. (b)
   (Trigon.)  A mark at the right hand of a number, indicating minutes of
   a  degree,  seconds, etc.; as, 12\'b727\'b7\'b7, i. e., twelve minutes
   twenty  seven  seconds.  (c)  (Engin.)  A mark used to denote feet and
   inches; as, 6\'b7 10\'b7\'b7 is six feet ten inches.

                                    Accent

   Ac*cent"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Accented;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Accenting.] [OF. accenter, F. accentuer.]

   1.  To  express  the  accent of (either by the voice or by a mark); to
   utter or to mark with accent.

   2. To mark emphatically; to emphasize.

                                  Accentless

   Ac"cent`less (#), a. Without accent.

                                   Accentor

   Ac*cen"tor (#), n. [L. ad. + cantor singer, canere to sing.]

   1.  (Mus.)  One  who  sings  the leading part; the director or leader.
   [Obs.]

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus  of European birds (so named from their sweet
   notes),  including  the hedge warbler. In America sometimes applied to
   the water thrushes.

                                  Accentuable

   Ac*cen"tu*a*ble (#), a. Capable of being accented.

                                   Accentual

   Ac*cen"tu*al  (#),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to accent; characterized or
   formed by accent.

                                 Accentuality

   Ac*cen`tu*al"i*ty (#), n. The quality of being accentual.

                                  Accentually

   Ac*cen"tu*al*ly  (#),  adv. In an accentual manner; in accordance with
   accent.

                                  Accentuate

   Ac*cen"tu*ate  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accentuated (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Accentuating.]  [LL.  accentuatus,  p.  p.  of  accentuare, fr. L.
   accentus: cf. F. accentuer.]

   1. To pronounce with an accent or with accents.

   2. To bring out distinctly; to make prominent; to emphasize.

     In  Bosnia,  the  struggle  between  East  and  West  was even more
     accentuated. London Times.

   3. To mark with the written accent.

                                 Accentuation

   Ac*cen`tu*a"tion  (#),  n. [LL. accentuatio: cf. F. accentuation.] Act
   of  accentuating; applications of accent. Specifically (Eccles. Mus.),
   pitch or modulation of the voice in reciting portions of the liturgy.

                                    Accept

   Ac*cept"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Accepted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Accepting.] [F. accepter, L. acceptare, freq. of accipere; ad + capere
   to take; akin to E. heave.]

   1.  To  receive  with  a  consenting  mind (something offered); as, to
   accept a gift; -- often followed by of.

     If you accept them, then their worth is great. Shak.

     To accept of ransom for my son. Milton.

     She accepted of a treat. Addison.

   2. To receive with favor; to approve.

     The Lord accept thy burnt sacrifice. Ps. xx. 3.

     Peradventure he will accept of me. Gen. xxxii. 20.

     3.  To  receive  or  admit and agree to; to assent to; as, I accept
     your proposal, amendment, or excuse.

     4.  To  take by the mind; to understand; as, How are these words to
     be accepted?

     5.  (Com.)  To  receive  as  obligatory  and promise to pay; as, to
     accept a bill of exchange. Bouvier.

     6.  In  a  deliberate  body,  to  receive  in acquittance of a duty
     imposed;  as,  to  accept the report of a committee. [This makes it
     the  property  of  the  body,  and  the  question  is  then  on its
     adoption.]

     To accept a bill

   (Law),  to agree (on the part of the drawee) to pay it when due. -- To
   accept  service  (Law),  to  agree  that  a  writ  or process shall be
   considered as regularly served, when it has not been. -- To accept the
   person  (Eccl.),  to show favoritism. "God accepteth no man's person."
   Gal. ii. 6. Syn. -- To receive; take; admit. See Receive.
   
                                    Accept
                                       
   Ac*cept", a. Accepted. [Obs.] Shak.
   
                                 Acceptability
                                       
   Ac*cept`a*bil"i*ty  (#), n. [LL. acceptabilitas.] The quality of being
   acceptable;   acceptableness.   "Acceptability  of  repentance."  Jer.
   Taylor.
   
                                  Acceptable
                                       
   Ac*cept"a*ble (#), a. [F. acceptable, L. acceptabilis, fr. acceptare.]
   Capable,  worthy, or sure of being accepted or received with pleasure;
   pleasing  to  a  receiver;  gratifying;  agreeable;  welcome;  as,  an
   acceptable present, one acceptable to us. 

                                Acceptableness

   Ac*cept"a*ble*ness  (#),  n.  The  quality  of  being  acceptable,  or
   suitable to be favorably received; acceptability.

                                  Acceptably

   Ac*cept"a*bly,  adv. In an acceptable manner; in a manner to please or
   give satisfaction.

                                  Acceptance

   Ac*cept"ance (#), n.

   1.   The   act  of  accepting;  a  receiving  what  is  offered,  with
   approbation, satisfaction, or acquiescence; esp., favorable reception;
   approval; as, the acceptance of a gift, office, doctrine, etc.

     They shall come up with acceptance on mine altar. Isa. lx. 7.

   2.  State  of  being  accepted;  acceptableness.  "Makes it assured of
   acceptance." Shak.

   3. (Com.) (a) An assent and engagement by the person on whom a bill of
   exchange  is  drawn,  to pay it when due according to the terms of the
   acceptance. (b) The bill itself when accepted.

   4.  An  agreeing to terms or proposals by which a bargain is concluded
   and  the  parties are bound; the reception or taking of a thing bought
   as that for which it was bought, or as that agreed to be delivered, or
   the taking possession as owner.

   5. (Law) An agreeing to the action of another, by some act which binds
   the person in law.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh at acts shall amount to such an acceptance is often
     a question of great nicety and difficulty. Mozley & W.

   <-- p. 11 -->

     NOTE: &hand; In  mo dern la w, pr oposal an d ac ceptance ar e th e
     constituent elements into which all contracts are resolved.

   Acceptance  of  a  bill  of  exchange,  check,  draft, OR order, is an
   engagement  to  pay  it  according  to  the  terms. This engagement is
   usually  made  by  writing  the word "accepted" across the face of the
   bill.  Acceptance  of  goods,  under  the  statute  of  frauds,  is an
   intelligent   acceptance   by  a  party  knowing  the  nature  of  the
   transaction.

   6. Meaning; acceptation. [Obs.]
   Acceptance of persons, partiality, favoritism. See under Accept.

                                  Acceptancy

   Ac*cept"an*cy (#), n. Acceptance. [R.]

     Here's  a  proof  of gift, But here's no proof, sir, of acceptancy.
     Mrs. Browning.

                                   Acceptant

   Ac*cept"ant (#), a. Accepting; receiving.

                                   Acceptant

   Ac*cept"ant, n. An accepter. Chapman.

                                  Acceptation

   Ac`cep*ta"tion (#), n.

   1.  Acceptance;  reception;  favorable  reception  or regard; state of
   being acceptable. [Obs.]

     This is saying worthy of all acceptation. 1 Tim. i. 15.

     Some  things  .  .  .  are  notwithstanding of so great dignity and
     acceptation with God. Hooker.

   2.  The  meaning  in  which  a  word  or  expression is understood, or
   generally  received;  as,  term  is  to be used according to its usual
   acceptation.

     My words, in common acceptation, Could never give this provocation.
     Gay.

                                  Acceptedly

   Ac*cept"ed*ly (#), adv. In a accepted manner; admittedly.

                                   Accepter

   Ac*cept"er (#), n.

   1. A person who accepts; a taker.

   2. A respecter; a viewer with partiality. [Obs.]

     God is no accepter of persons. Chillingworth.

   3. (Law) An acceptor.

                                 Acceptilation

   Ac*cep`ti*la"tion  (#), n. [L. acceptilatio entry of a debt collected,
   acquittance,  fr.  p.  p. of accipere (cf. Accept) + latio a carrying,
   fr. latus, p. p. of ferre to carry: cf. F. acceptilation.] (Civil Law)
   Gratuitous  discharge;  a  release  from  debt  or  obligation without
   payment; free remission.

                                   Acception

   Ac*cep"tion  (#),  n.  [L.  acceptio  a  receiving,  accepting: cf. F.
   acception.] Acceptation; the received meaning. [Obs.]

     Here  the word "baron" is not to be taken in that restrictive sense
     to which the modern acception hath confined it. Fuller.

   Acception  of persons or faces (Eccl.), favoritism; partiality. [Obs.]
   Wyclif.

                                   Acceptive

   Ac*cept"ive (#), a.

   1. Fit for acceptance.

   2. Ready to accept. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

                                   Acceptor

   Ac*cept"or  (#;  277),  n.  [L.]  One who accepts; specifically (Law &
   Com.),  one who accepts an order or a bill of exchange; a drawee after
   he has accepted.

                                    Access

   Ac*cess"  (#;  277),  n.  [F. acc\'8as, L. accessus, fr. accedere. See
   Accede.]

   1.   A   coming   to,   or   near   approach;  admittance;  admission;
   accessibility; as, to gain access to a prince.

     I did repel his letters, and denied His access to me. Shak.

   2.  The  means,  place,  or  way  by  which a thing may be approached;
   passage  way;  as,  the  access  is by a neck of land. "All access was
   thronged." Milton.

   3. Admission to sexual intercourse.

     During  coverture,  access of the husband shall be presumed, unless
     the contrary be shown. Blackstone.

   4.  Increase by something added; addition; as, an access of territory.
   [In this sense accession is more generally used.]

     I, from the influence of thy looks, receive Access in every virtue.
     Milton.

   5. An onset, attack, or fit of disease.

     The first access looked like an apoplexy. Burnet.

   6.  A  paroxysm; a fit of passion; an outburst; as, an access of fury.
   [A Gallicism]

                                  Accessarily

   Ac*ces"sa*ri*ly (#), adv. In the manner of an accessary.

                                 Accessariness

   Ac*ces"sa*ri*ness, n. The state of being accessary.

                                   Accessary

   Ac*ces"sa*ry  (#; 277), a. Accompanying, as a subordinate; additional;
   accessory;  esp.,  uniting in, or contributing to, a crime, but not as
   chief actor. See Accessory.

     To both their deaths thou shalt be accessary. Shak.

     Amongst  many secondary and accessary causes that support monarchy,
     these are not of least reckoning. Milton.

                                   Accessary

   Ac*ces"sa*ry  (277),  n.;  pl. Accessaries (#). [Cf. Accessory and LL.
   accessarius.]  (Law)  One  who,  not  being present, contributes as an
   assistant  or  instigator  to  the commission of an offense. Accessary
   before  the  fact  (Law), one who commands or counsels an offense, not
   being present at its commission. -- Accessary after the fact, one who,
   after  an offense, assists or shelters the offender, not being present
   at the commission of the offense.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd, as  us ed in  la w, is spelt accessory by
     Blackstone and many others; but in this sense is spelt accessary by
     Bouvier,  Burrill,  Burns, Whishaw, Dane, and the Penny Cyclopedia;
     while  in  other senses it is spelt accessory. In recent text-books
     on  criminal  law  the  distinction  is not preserved, the spelling
     being either accessary or accessory.

                                 Accessibility

   Ac*cess`i*bil"i*ty    (#),    n.    [L.    accessibilitas:    cf.   F.
   accessibilit\'82.]  The  quality  of being accessible, or of admitting
   approach; receptibility. Langhorne.

                                  Accessible

   Ac*cess"i*ble   (#),   a.  [L.  accessibilis,  fr.  accedere:  cf.  F.
   accessible. See Accede.]

   1. Easy of access or approach; approachable; as, an accessible town or
   mountain, an accessible person.

   2. Open to the influence of; -- with to. "Minds accessible to reason."
   Macaulay.

   3. Obtainable; to be got at.

     The best information . . . at present accessible. Macaulay.

                                  Accessibly

   Ac*cess"i*bly (#), adv. In an accessible manner.

                                   Accession

   Ac*ces"sion  (#), n. [L. accessio, fr. accedere: cf. F. accession. See
   Accede.]

   1.  A coming to; the act of acceding and becoming joined; as, a king's
   accession to a confederacy.

   2. Increase by something added; that which is added; augmentation from
   without; as, an accession of wealth or territory.

     The only accession which the Roman empire received was the province
     of Britain. Gibbon.

   3.  (Law)  (a)  A  mode of acquiring property, by which the owner of a
   corporeal substance which receives an addition by growth, or by labor,
   has  a  right to the part or thing added, or the improvement (provided
   the thing is not changed into a different species). Thus, the owner of
   a  cow  becomes  the owner of her calf. (b) The act by which one power
   becomes  party  to  engagements already in force between other powers.
   Kent.

   4.  The  act of coming to or reaching a throne, an office, or dignity;
   as, the accession of the house of Stuart; -- applied especially to the
   epoch of a new dynasty.

   5.  (Med.) The invasion, approach, or commencement of a disease; a fit
   or paroxysm. Syn. -- Increase; addition; augmentation; enlargement.

                                  Accessional

   Ac*ces"sion*al  (#),  a. Pertaining to accession; additional. [R.] Sir
   T. Browne.

                                   Accessive

   Ac*ces"sive (#), a. Additional.

                                  Accessorial

   Ac`ces*so"ri*al  (#),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  an  accessory;  as,
   accessorial agency, accessorial guilt.

                                  Accessorily

   Ac*ces"so*ri*ly (#), adv. In the manner of an accessory; auxiliary.

                                 Accessoriness

   Ac*ces"so*ri*ness,  n.  The  state  of  being  accessory, or connected
   subordinately.

                                   Accessory

   Ac*ces"so*ry  (#;  277),  a.  [L.  accessorius.  See  Access,  and cf.
   Accessary.]  Accompanying as a subordinate; aiding in a secondary way;
   additional;  connected  as  an incident or subordinate to a principal;
   contributing or contributory; said of persons and things, and, when of
   persons,  usually  in  a  bad sense; as, he was accessory to the riot;
   accessory sounds in music.

     NOTE: &hand; As h accents the antepenult; and this is not only more
     regular,  but  preferable, on account of easiness of pronunciation.
     Most orho\'89pists place the accent on the first syllable.

   Syn.    --    Accompanying;   contributory;   auxiliary;   subsidiary;
   subservient; additional; acceding.

                                   Accessory

   Ac*ces"so*ry, n.; pl. Accessories (#).

   1.  That  which  belongs  to  something  else  deemed  the  principal;
   something additional and subordinate. "The aspect and accessories of a
   den of banditti." Carlyle.

   2. (Law) Same as Accessary, n.

   3.  (Fine  Arts) Anything that enters into a work of art without being
   indispensably  necessary,  as  mere  ornamental  parts. Elmes. Syn. --
   Abettor; accomplice; ally; coadjutor. See Abettor.

                                 Acciaccatura

   Ac*ciac`ca*tu"ra  (#),  n.  [It.,  from acciaccare to crush.] (Mus.) A
   short grace note, one semitone below the note to which it is prefixed;
   -- used especially in organ music. Now used as equivalent to the short
   appoggiatura.

                                   Accidence

   Ac"ci*dence  (#), n. [A corruption of Eng. accidents, pl. of accident.
   See Accident, 2.]

   1.  The  accidents, of inflections of words; the rudiments of grammar.
   Milton.

   2. The rudiments of any subject. Lowell.

                                   Accident

   Ac"ci*dent  (#),  n. [F. accident, fr. L. accidens, -dentis, p. pr. of
   accidere to happen; ad + cadere to fall. See Cadence, Case.]

   1.  Literally,  a  befalling;  an event that takes place without one's
   foresight or expectation; an undesigned, sudden, and unexpected event;
   chance; contingency; often, an undesigned and unforeseen occurrence of
   an  afflictive  or unfortunate character; a casualty; a mishap; as, to
   die by an accident.

     Of moving accidents by flood and field. Shak.

     Thou  cam'st not to thy place by accident: It is the very place God
     meant for thee. Trench.

   2.  (Gram.) A property attached to a word, but not essential to it, as
   gender, number, case.

   3.  (Her.)  A point or mark which may be retained or omitted in a coat
   of arms.

   4.  (Log.) (a) A property or quality of a thing which is not essential
   to it, as whiteness in paper; an attribute. (b) A quality or attribute
   in distinction from the substance, as sweetness, softness.

   5.  Any  accidental  property,  fact,  or  relation;  an accidental or
   nonessential; as, beauty is an accident.

     This  accident,  as  I call it, of Athens being situated some miles
     from the sea. J. P. Mahaffy.

   6. Unusual appearance or effect. [Obs.] Chaucer.

     NOTE: &hand; Ac cident, in  La w, is  eq uivalent to casus, or such
     unforeseen, extraordinary, extraneous interference as is out of the
     range of ordinary calculation.

                                  Accidental

   Ac`ci*den"tal (#), a. [Cf. F. accidentel, earlier accidental.]

   1. Happening by chance, or unexpectedly; taking place not according to
   the  usual  course  of  things;  casual; fortuitous; as, an accidental
   visit.

   2.   Nonessential;   not  necessary  belonging;  incidental;  as,  are
   accidental to a play.
   Accidental  chords  (Mus.),  those  which  contain  one  or more tones
   foreign  to  their proper harmony. -- Accidental colors (Opt.), colors
   depending  on  the  hypersensibility  of  the  retina  of  the eye for
   complementary  colors.  They are purely subjective sensations of color
   which  often result from the contemplation of actually colored bodies.
   --  Accidental  point (Persp.), the point in which a right line, drawn
   from  the  eye,  parallel  to a given right line, cuts the perspective
   plane;  so called to distinguish it from the principal point, or point
   of  view,  where  a  line  drawn  from  the  eye  perpendicular to the
   perspective  plane  meets  this  plane. -- Accidental lights (Paint.),
   secondary  lights; effects of light other than ordinary daylight, such
   as  the rays of the sun darting through a cloud, or between the leaves
   of  trees;  the  effect  of moonlight, candlelight, or burning bodies.
   Fairholt.   Syn.   --   Casual;  fortuitous;  contingent;  occasional;
   adventitious.   --   Accidental,   Incidental,   Casual,   Fortuitous,
   Contingent.  We speak of a thing as accidental when it falls out as by
   chance,  and  not  in  the regular course of things; as, an accidental
   meeting, an accidental advantage, etc. We call a thing incidental when
   it  falls,  as  it  were,  into  some regular course of things, but is
   secondary,  and  forms  no  essential part thereof; as, an incremental
   remark, an incidental evil, an incidental benefit. We speak of a thing
   as  casual,  when it falls out or happens, as it were, by mere chance,
   without  being  prearranged  or  premeditated;  as, a casual remark or
   encounter;  a  casual observer. An idea of the unimportant is attached
   to  what  is  casual. Fortuitous is applied to what occurs without any
   known  cause,  and  in  opposition  to  what  has been foreseen; as, a
   fortuitous  concourse  of atoms. We call a thing contingent when it is
   such  that,  considered  in  itself,  it may or may not happen, but is
   dependent  for  its  existence  on  something else; as, the time of my
   coming will be contingent on intelligence yet to be received.

                                  Accidental

   Ac`ci*den"tal (#), n.

   1.  A  property  which  is  not  essential;  a  nonessential; anything
   happening accidentally.

     He  conceived  it  just that accidentals . . . should sink with the
     substance of the accusation. Fuller.

   2.  pl.  (Paint.)  Those  fortuitous effects produced by luminous rays
   falling  on certain objects so that some parts stand forth in abnormal
   brightness and other parts are cast into a deep shadow.

   3. (Mus.) A sharp, flat, or natural, occurring not at the commencement
   of a piece of music as the signature, but before a particular note.

                                 Accidentalism

   Ac`ci*den"tal*ism (#), n. Accidental character or effect. Ruskin.

                                 Accidentality

   Ac`ci*den*tal"i*ty   (#),   n.   The   quality  of  being  accidental;
   accidentalness. [R.] Coleridge.

                                 Accidentally

   Ac`ci*den"tal*ly  (#),  adv. In an accidental manner; unexpectedly; by
   chance; unintentionally; casually; fortuitously; not essentially.

                                Accidentalness

   Ac`ci*den"tal*ness, n. The quality of being accidental; casualness.

                                    Accidie

   Ac"ci*die  (#),  n. [OF. accide, accidie, LL. accidia, acedia, fr. Gr.
   Sloth; torpor. [Obs.] "The sin of accidie." Chaucer.

                                  Accipenser

   Ac`ci*pen"ser (#), n. See Acipenser.

                                   Accipient

   Ac*cip"i*ent (#), n. [L. accipiens, p. pr. of accipere. See Accept.] A
   receiver. [R.] Bailey

                                   Accipiter

   Ac*cip"i*ter  (#),  n.; pl. E. Accipiters (#). L. Accipitres (#). [L.,
   hawk.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  genus  of rapacious birds; one of the Accipitres or
   Raptores.

   2.  (Surg.)  A bandage applied over the nose, resembling the claw of a
   hawk.

                                  Accipitral

   Ac*cip"i*tral  (#), n. Pertaining to, or of the nature of, a falcon or
   hawk; hawklike. Lowell.

                                  Accipitres

   Ac*cip"i*tres  (#),  n.  pl.  [L.,  hawks.]  (Zo\'94l.) The order that
   includes rapacious birds. They have a hooked bill, and sharp, strongly
   curved  talons. There are three families, represented by the vultures,
   the falcons or hawks, and the owls.

                                  Accipitrine

   Ac*cip"i*trine  (#;  277),  a. [Cf. F. accipitrin.] (Zo\'94l.) Like or
   belonging to the Accipitres; raptorial; hawklike.

                                   Accismus

   Ac*cis"mus (#), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Rhet.) Affected refusal; coyness.

                                    Accite

   Ac*cite" (#), v. t. [L. accitus, p. p. of accire, accere, to call for;
   ad + ciere to move, call. See Cite.] To cite; to summon. [Obs.]

     Our  heralds  now  accited  all  that were Endamaged by the Elians.
     Chapman.

                                    Acclaim

   Ac*claim"  (#),  v.  t.  [L.  acclamare;  ad + clamare to cry out. See
   Claim, Clamor.] [R.]

   1. To applaud. "A glad acclaiming train." Thomson.

   2. To declare by acclamations.

     While the shouting crowd Acclaims thee king of traitors. Smollett.

   3. To shout; as, to acclaim my joy.

                                    Acclaim

   Ac*claim", v. i. To shout applause.

                                    Acclaim

   Ac*claim", n. Acclamation. [Poetic] Milton.

                                   Acclaimer

   Ac*claim"er (#), n. One who acclaims.

                                  Acclamation

   Ac`cla*ma"tion (#), n. [L. acclamatio: cf. F. acclamation.]

   1.  A  shout  of  approbation,  favor,  or assent; eager expression of
   approval; loud applause.

     On  such  a  day,  a  holiday  having been voted by acclamation, an
     ordinary walk would not satisfy the children. Southey.

   2.  (Antiq.)  A  representation,  in sculpture or on medals, of people
   expressing joy.
   Acclamation  medals  are  those  on  which  laudatory acclamations are
   recorded. Elmes.

                                  Acclamatory

   Ac*clam"a*to*ry  (#),  a.  Pertaining  to,  or expressing approval by,
   acclamation.

                                 Acclimatable

   Ac*cli"ma*ta*ble (#), a. Capable of being acclimated.

                                 Acclimatation

   Ac*cli`ma*ta"tion   (#),  n.  [Cf.  F.  acclimation.  See  Acclimate.]
   Acclimatization.

                                   Acclimate

   Ac*cli"mate (#; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acclimated (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Acclimating.]  [F.  acclimater; \'85 (l. ad) + climat climate. See
   Climate.]  To habituate to a climate not native; to acclimatize. J. H.
   Newman.

                                 Acclimatement

   Ac*cli"mate*ment (#), n. Acclimation. [R.]

                                  Acclimation

   Ac`cli*ma"tion (#), n. The process of becoming, or the state of being,
   acclimated, or habituated to a new climate; acclimatization.

                                Acclimatizable

   Ac*cli"ma*ti`za*ble (#), a. Capable of being acclimatized.
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                                Acclimatization

   Ac*cli"ma*ti*za"tion  (#), n. The act of acclimatizing; the process of
   inuring to a new climate, or the state of being so inured. Darwin.

                                  Acclimatize

   Ac*cli"ma*tize (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acclimatized (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Acclimatizing  (#).]  To inure or habituate to a climate different
   from that which is natural; to adapt to the peculiarities of a foreign
   or strange climate; said of man, the inferior animals, or plants.

                                  Acclimature

   Ac*cli"ma*ture  (#;  135),  n. The act of acclimating, or the state of
   being acclimated. [R.] Caldwell.

                                    Acclive

   Ac*clive" (#), a. Acclivous. [Obs.]

                                 Accliffitous

   Ac*cliff"i*tous (#), a. Acclivous. I. Taylor.

                                   Acclivity

   Ac*cliv"i*ty,  n.;  pl. Acclivities (#). [L. acclivitas, fr. acclivis,
   acclivus,  ascending; ad + clivus a hill, slope, fr. root kli to lean.
   See Lean.] A slope or inclination of the earth, as the side of a hill,
   considered as ascending, in opposition to declivity, or descending; an
   upward slope; ascent.

                                   Acclivous

   Ac*cli"vous  (#;  277), a. [L. acclivis and acclivus.] Sloping upward;
   rising as a hillside; -- opposed to declivous.

                                    Accloy

   Ac*cloy" (#), v. t. [OF. encloyer, encloer, F. enclouer, to drive in a
   nail,  fr. L. in + clavus nail.] To fill to satiety; to stuff full; to
   clog; to overload; to burden. See Cloy. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Accoast

   Ac*coast"  (#),  v.  t. & i. [See Accost, Coast.] To lie or sail along
   the coast or side of; to accost. [Obs.]

     Whether high towering or accosting low. Spenser.

                                    Accoil

   Ac*coil"  (#),  v. t. [OE. acoillir to receive, F. accueillir; L. ad +
   colligere to collect. See Coil.]

   1. To gather together; to collect. [Obs.] Spenser.

   2. (Naut.) To coil together. Ham. Nav. Encyc.

                                   Accolade

   Ac`co*lade"  (#; 277), n. [F. accolade, It. accolata, fr. accollare to
   embrace; L. ad + collum neck.]

   1.  A  ceremony  formerly used in conferring knighthood, consisting am
   embrace,  and  a slight blow on the shoulders with the flat blade of a
   sword.

   2. (Mus.) A brace used to join two or more staves.

                                 Accombination

   Ac*com*bi*na"tion  (#),  n.  [L.  ad  +  E.  combination.] A combining
   together. [R.]

                                 Accommodable

   Ac*com"mo*da*ble   (#),   a.   [Cf.  F.  accommodable.]  That  may  be
   accommodated, fitted, or made to agree. [R.] I. Watts.

                               Accommodableness

   Ac*com"mo*dable*ness,   n.   The   quality   or   condition  of  being
   accommodable. [R.] Todd.

                                  Accommodate

   Ac*com"mo*date (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accommodated (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Accommodating  (#).]  [L. accommodatus, p. p. of accommodare; ad +
   commodare  to  make  fit,  help; con- + modus measure, proportion. See
   Mode.]

   1.  To  render  fit, suitable, or correspondent; to adapt; to conform;
   as,  to accommodate ourselves to circumstances. "They accomodate their
   counsels to his inclination." Addison.

   2.  To  bring  into agreement or harmony; to reconcile; to compose; to
   adjust; to settle; as, to accommodate differences, a dispute, etc.

   3. To furnish with something desired, needed, or convenient; to favor;
   to oblige; as, to accommodate a friend with a loan or with lodgings.

   4. To show the correspondence of; to apply or make suit by analogy; to
   adapt  or fit, as teachings to accidental circumstances, statements to
   facts,  etc.;  as, to accommodate prophecy to events. Syn. -- To suit;
   adapt; conform; adjust; arrange.

                                  Accommodate

   Ac*com"mo*date,  v.  i.  To  adapt  one's  self;  to be conformable or
   adapted. [R.] Boyle.

                                  Accommodate

   Ac*com"mo*date   (#),  a.  [L.  accommodatus,  p.p.  of  accommodare.]
   Suitable;  fit;  adapted;  as,  means  accommodate  to  end. [Archaic]
   Tillotson.

                                 Accommodately

   Ac*com"mo*date*ly, adv. Suitably; fitly. [R.]

                                Accommodateness

   Ac*com"mo*date*ness, n. Fitness. [R.]

                                 Accommodating

   Ac*com"mo*da`ting   (#),   a.   Affording,   or  disposed  to  afford,
   accommodation; obliging; as an accommodating man, spirit, arrangement.

                                 Accommodation

   Ac*com`mo*da"tion  (#),  n.  [L. accommodatio, fr. accommodare: cf. F.
   accommodation.]

   1.  The  act  of  fitting or adapting, or the state of being fitted or
   adapted;  adaptation; adjustment; -- followed by to. "The organization
   of the body with accommodation to its functions." Sir M. Hale.

   2. Willingness to accommodate; obligingness.

   3.   Whatever  supplies  a  want  or  affords  ease,  refreshment,  or
   convenience;  anything furnished which is desired or needful; -- often
   in  the plural; as, the accomodations -- that is, lodgings and food --
   at an inn. Sir W. Scott.

   4.  An  adjustment of differences; state of agreement; reconciliation;
   settlement. "To come to terms of accommodation." Macaulay.

   5.  The  application of a writer's language, on the ground of analogy,
   to something not originally referred to or intended.

     Many  of  those  quotations  from  the  Old Testament were probably
     intended as nothing more than accommodations. Paley.

   6. (Com.) (a) A loan of money. (b) An accommodation bill or note.
   Accommodation  bill, or note (Com.), a bill of exchange which a person
   accepts,  or  a note which a person makes and delivers to another, not
   upon a consideration received, but for the purpose of raising money on
   credit.  --  Accommodation  coach,  or  train, one running at moderate
   speed  and  stopping  at  all or nearly all stations. -- Accommodation
   ladder  (Naut.),  a  light  ladder hung over the side of a ship at the
   gangway, useful in ascending from, or descending to, small boats.

                                 Accommodator

   Ac*com"mo*da`tor   (#),  n.  He  who,  or  that  which,  accommodates.
   Warburton.

                                 Accompanable

   Ac*com"pa*na*ble (#), a. Sociable. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.

                                  Accompanier

   Ac*com"pa*ni*er (#), n. He who, or that which, accompanies. Lamb.

                                 Accompaniment

   Ac*com"pa*ni*ment (#), n. [F. accompagnement.] That which accompanies;
   something  that  attends  as a circumstance, or which is added to give
   greater completeness to the principal thing, or by way of ornament, or
   for  the  sake  of  symmetry. Specifically: (Mus.) A part performed by
   instruments,  accompanying  another part or parts performed by voices;
   the  subordinate part, or parts, accompanying the voice or a principal
   instrument; also, the harmony of a figured bass. P. Cyc.

                                  Accompanist

   Ac*com"pa*nist   (#),   n.  The  performer  in  music  who  takes  the
   accompanying part. Busby.

                                   Accompany

   Ac*com"pa*ny (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accompanied (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Accompanying  (#)]  [OF.  aacompaignier,  F. accompagner, to associate
   with, fr. OF. compaign, compain, companion. See Company.]

   1.  To  go with or attend as a companion or associate; to keep company
   with;  to go along with; -- followed by with or by; as, he accompanied
   his speech with a bow.

     The  Persian dames, . . . In sumptuous cars, accompanied his march.
     Glover.

     They  are never alone that are accompanied with noble thoughts. Sir
     P. Sidney.

     He  was  accompanied  by  two  carts  filled  with  wounded rebels.
     Macaulay.

   2.  To cohabit with. [Obs.] Sir T. Herbert. Syn. -- To attend; escort;
   go with. -- To Accompany, Attend, Escort. We accompany those with whom
   we  go  as  companions.  The  word  imports an equality of station. We
   attend  those whom we wait upon or follow. The word conveys an idea of
   subordination. We escort those whom we attend with a view to guard and
   protect.  A  gentleman  accompanies  a friend to some public place; he
   attends or escorts a lady.

                                   Accompany

   Ac*com"pa*ny, v. i.

   1. To associate in a company; to keep company. [Obs.] Bacon.

     Men  say  that  they  will  drive  away  one another, . . . and not
     accompany together. Holland.

   2. To cohabit (with). [Obs.] Milton.

   3. (Mus.) To perform an accompanying part or parts in a composition.

                                 Accompletive

   Ac*com"ple*tive  (#),  a.  [L.  ad + complere, completum, to fill up.]
   Tending to accomplish. [R.]

                                  Accomplice

   Ac*com"plice  (#), n. [Ac- (perh. for the article a or for L. ad) + E.
   complice. See Complice.]

   1. A cooperator. [R.]

     Success unto our valiant general, And happiness to his accomplices!
     Shak.

   2.  (Law) An associate in the commission of a crime; a participator in
   an offense, whether a principal or an accessory. "And thou, the cursed
   accomplice of his treason." Johnson.

     NOTE: It is  fo llowed by  with or of before a person and by in (or
     sometimes  of)  before the crime; as, A was an accomplice with B in
     the  murder of C. Dryden uses it with to before a thing. "Suspected
     for accomplice to the fire." Dryden.

   Syn.   --   Abettor;  accessory;  assistant;  associate;  confederate;
   coadjutor; ally; promoter. See Abettor.

                                Accompliceship

   Ac*com"plice*ship  (#),  n. The state of being an accomplice. [R.] Sir
   H. Taylor.

                                 Accomplicity

   Ac`com*plic"i*ty (#), n. The act or state of being an accomplice. [R.]

                                  Accomplish

   Ac*com"plish  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accomplished (#), p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Accomplishing.]  [OE. acomplissen, OF. accomplir, F. accomplir; L.
   ad + complere to fill up, complete. See Complete, Finish.]

   1. To complete, as time or distance.

     That  He  would  accomplish  seventy  years  in  the desolations of
     Jerusalem. Dan. ix. 2.

     He had accomplished half a league or more. Prescott.

   2.  To  bring  to  an issue of full success; to effect; to perform; to
   execute  fully;  to  fulfill; as, to accomplish a design, an object, a
   promise.

     This that is written must yet be accomplished in me. Luke xxii. 37.

   3. To equip or furnish thoroughly; hence, to complete in acquirements;
   to render accomplished; to polish.

     The armorers accomplishing the knights. Shak.

     It  [the  moon]  is  fully accomplished for all those ends to which
     Providence did appoint it. Wilkins.

     These  qualities  .  .  .  go to accomplish a perfect woman. Cowden
     Clarke.

   4.  To  gain; to obtain. [Obs.] Shak. Syn. -- To do; perform; fulfill;
   realize;  effect;  effectuate; complete; consummate; execute; achieve;
   perfect;  equip;  furnish. -- To Accomplish, Effect, Execute, Achieve,
   Perform. These words agree in the general idea of carrying out to some
   end  proposed.  To  accomplish  (to  fill  up  to  the  measure of the
   intention) generally implies perseverance and skill; as, to accomplish
   a  plan  proposed  by one's self, an object, a design, an undertaking.
   "Thou shalt accomplish my desire." 1 Kings v. 9.

     He  .  . . expressed his desire to see a union accomplished between
     England and Scotland. Macaulay.

   To  effect  (to  work out) is much like accomplish. It usually implies
   some   degree  of  difficulty  contended  with;  as,  he  effected  or
   accomplished  what  he  intended,  his  purpose,  but little. "What he
   decreed, he effected." Milton.

     To  work in close design by fraud or guile What force effected not.
     Milton.

   To  execute  (to  follow out to the end, to carry out, or into effect)
   implies a set mode of operation; as, to execute the laws or the orders
   of  another;  to  execute a work, a purpose, design, plan, project. To
   perform  is much like to do, though less generally applied. It conveys
   a  notion  of  protracted  and  methodical  effort;  as,  to perform a
   mission,  a  part,  a  task,  a  work.  "Thou  canst best perform that
   office." Milton.

     The  Saints,  like  stars,  around  his  seat Perform their courses
     still. Keble.

   To  achieve  (to  come  to the end or arrive at one's purpose) usually
   implies  some enterprise or undertaking of importance, difficulty, and
   excellence.

                                Accomplishable

   Ac*com"plish*a*ble (#), a. Capable of being accomplished; practicable.
   Carlyle.

                                 Accomplished

   Ac*com"plished (#), a.

   1. Completed; effected; established; as, an accomplished fact.

   2.  Complete  in  acquirements  as  the result usually of training; --
   commonly in a good sense; as, an accomplished scholar, an accomplished
   villain.

     They . . . show themselves accomplished bees. Holland.

     Daughter of God and man, accomplished Eve. Milton.

                                 Accomplisher

   Ac*com"plish*er (#), n. One who accomplishes.

                                Accomplishment

   Ac*com"plish*ment (#), n. [F. accomplissement, fr. accomplir.]

   1.   The   act   of  accomplishing;  entire  performance;  completion;
   fulfillment;  as,  the accomplishment of an enterprise, of a prophecy,
   etc.

   2.  That which completes, perfects, or equips thoroughly; acquirement;
   attainment;  that which constitutes excellence of mind, or elegance of
   manners,  acquired by education or training. "My new accomplishment of
   dancing." Churchill. "Accomplishments befitting a station." Thackeray.

     Accomplishments  have taken virtue's place, And wisdom falls before
     exterior grace. Cowper.

                                    Accompt

   Ac*compt" (#; formerly #), n. See Account.

     NOTE: &hand; Accompt, accomptant, etc., are archaic forms.

                                  Accomptable

   Ac*compt"a*ble (#), a. See Accountable.

                                  Accomptant

   Ac*compt"ant (#), n. See Accountant.

                                    Accord

   Ac*cord" (#), n. [OE. acord, accord, OF. acort, acorde, F. accord, fr.
   OF. acorder, F. accorder. See Accord, v. t.]

   1.  Agreement  or  concurrence of opinion, will, or action; harmony of
   mind; consent; assent.

     A mediator of an accord and peace between them. Bacon.

     These all continued with one accord in prayer. Acts i. 14.

   2.  Harmony  of  sounds; agreement in pitch and tone; concord; as, the
   accord of tones.

     Those sweet accords are even the angels' lays. Sir J. Davies.

     3.  Agreement,  harmony,  or just correspondence of things; as, the
     accord of light and shade in painting.

     4.  Voluntary  or spontaneous motion or impulse to act; -- preceded
     by own; as, of one's own accord.

     That  which groweth of its own accord of thy harvest thou shalt not
     reap. Lev. xxv. 5.

     Of his own accord he went unto you. 2 Cor. vii. 17.

     5.  (Law)  An  agreement  between  parties in controversy, by which
     satisfaction for an injury is stipulated, and which, when executed,
     bars a suit. Blackstone.

   With one accord, with unanimity.

     They rushed with one accord into the theater. Acts xix. 29.

                                    Accord

   Ac*cord",  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Accorded; p. pr. & vb. n. According.]
   [OE.  acorden,  accorden, OF. acorder, F. accorder, fr. LL. accordare;
   L. ad + cor, cordis, heart. Cf. Concord, Discord, and see Heart.]

   1.  To  make  to agree or correspond; to suit one thing to another; to
   adjust; -- followed by to. [R.]

     Her hands accorded the lute's music to the voice. Sidney.

   2.  To  bring  to  an  agreement, as persons; to reconcile; to settle,
   adjust,  harmonize,  or  compose,  as  things;  as, to accord suits or
   controversies.

     When they were accorded from the fray. Spenser.

     All  which  particulars, being confessedly knotty and difficult can
     never  be  accorded  but by a competent stock of critical learning.
     South.

   3. To grant as suitable or proper; to concede; to award; as, to accord
   to one due praise. "According his desire." Spenser.

                                    Accord

   Ac*cord", v. i.

   1.  To  agree;  to  correspond; to be in harmony; -- followed by with,
   formerly also by to; as, his disposition accords with his looks.

     My heart accordeth with my tongue. Shak.

     Thy actions to thy words accord. Milton.

   2. To agree in pitch and tone.

                                  Accordable

   Ac*cord"a*ble (#), a. [OF. acordable, F. accordable.]

   1. Agreeing. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. Reconcilable; in accordance.

                                  Accordance

   Ac*cord"ance  (#), n. [OF. acordance.] Agreement; harmony; conformity.
   "In  strict  accordance  with  the  law."  Macaulay.  Syn. -- Harmony;
   unison; coincidence.

                                  Accordancy

   Ac*cord"an*cy (#), n. Accordance. [R.] Paley.

                                   Accordant

   Ac*cord"ant (#), a. [OF. acordant, F. accordant.] Agreeing; consonant;
   harmonious; corresponding; conformable; -- followed by with or to.

     Strictly accordant with true morality. Darwin.

     And now his voice accordant to the string. Coldsmith.

                                  Accordantly

   Ac*cord"ant*ly,   adv.   In   accordance   or   agreement;  agreeably;
   conformably; -- followed by with or to.

                                   Accorder

   Ac*cord"er (#), n. One who accords, assents, or concedes. [R.]

                                   According

   Ac*cord"ing,  p.  a.  Agreeing;  in  agreement or harmony; harmonious.
   "This  according  voice  of  national  wisdom."  Burke. "Mind and soul
   according well." Tennyson.

     According to him, every person was to be bought. Macaulay.

     Our zeal should be according to knowledge. Sprat.

     NOTE: &hand; Ac cording to  has been called a prepositional phrase,
     but  strictly  speaking,  according is a participle in the sense of
     agreeing, acceding, and to alone is the preposition.

   According  as,  precisely as; the same as; corresponding to the way in
   which. According as is an adverbial phrase, of which the propriety has
   been doubted; but good usage sanctions it. See According, adv.
   
     Is all things well, According as I gave directions? Shak.
     
     The  land  which  the  Lord  will  give  you  according  as he hath
     promised. Ex. xii. 25.
     
   p. 13 

                                   According

   Ac*cord"ing (#), adv. Accordingly; correspondingly. [Obs.] Shak.

                                  Accordingly

   Ac*cord"ing*ly, adv.

   1. Agreeably; correspondingly; suitably; in a manner conformable.

     Behold, and so proceed accordingly. Shak.

   2.  In  natural  sequence;  consequently;  so.  Syn.  -- Consequently;
   therefore;   wherefore;   hence;  so.  --  Accordingly,  Consequently,
   indicate  a connection between two things, the latter of which is done
   on  account  of the former. Accordingly marks the connection as one of
   simple  accordance or congruity, leading naturally to the result which
   followed;  as,  he was absent when I called, and I accordingly left my
   card; our preparations were all finished, and we accordingly set sail.
   Consequently  all  finished, and we accordingly set sail. Consequently
   marks a closer connection, that of logical or causal sequence; as, the
   papers were not ready, and consequently could not be signed.

                                   Accordion

   Ac*cor"di*on  (#),  n.  [See  Accord.] (Mus.) A small, portable, keyed
   wind  instrument,  whose  tones are generated by play of the wind upon
   free metallic reeds.

                                 Accordionist

   Ac*cor"di*on*ist, n. A player on the accordion.

                                  Accordment

   Ac*cord"ment  (#),  n.  [OF.  acordement.  See  Accord, v.] Agreement;
   reconcilement. [Obs.] Gower.

                                  Accorporate

   Ac*cor"po*rate  (#),  v.  t.  [L.  accorporare; ad + corpus, corporis,
   body.] To unite; to attach; to incorporate. [Obs.] Milton.

                                    Accost

   Ac*cost"  (#;  115),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Accosted; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Accosting.] [F. accoster, LL. accostare to bring side by side; L. ad +
   costa rib, side. See Coast, and cf. Accoast.]

   1.  To join side to side; to border; hence, to sail along the coast or
   side of. [Obs.] "So much [of Lapland] as accosts the sea." Fuller.

   2. To approach; to make up to. [Archaic] Shak.

   3. To speak to first; to address; to greet. "Him, Satan thus accosts."
   Milton.

                                    Accost

   Ac*cost",  v. i. To adjoin; to lie alongside. [Obs.] "The shores which
   to the sea accost." Spenser.

                                    Accost

   Ac*cost", n. Address; greeting. [R.] J. Morley.

                                  Accostable

   Ac*cost"a*ble (#), a. [Cf. F. accostable.] Approachable; affable. [R.]
   Hawthorne.

                                   Accosted

   Ac*cost"ed,  a. (Her.) Supported on both sides by other charges; also,
   side by side.

                                 Accouchement

   Ac*couche"ment  (#;  277),  n. [F., fr. accoucher to be delivered of a
   child,  to  aid  in  delivery, OF. acouchier orig. to lay down, put to
   bed,  go  to  bed; L. ad + collocare to lay, put, place. See Collate.]
   Delivery in childbed

                                  Accoucheur

   Ac*cou*cheur" (#), n. [F., fr. accoucher. See Accouchement.] A man who
   assists women in childbirth; a man midwife; an obstetrician.

                                  Accoucheuse

   Ac*cou*cheuse"  (#),  n. [F.., fem. of accoucher.] A midwife. [Recent]
   Dunglison.

                                    Account

   Ac*count"  (#),  n.  [OE.  acount,  account,  accompt,  OF. acont, fr.
   aconter. See Account, v. t., Count, n., 1.]

   1.  A  reckoning;  computation;  calculation; enumeration; a record of
   some reckoning; as, the Julian account of time.

     A beggarly account of empty boxes. Shak.

   2.  A  registry  of  pecuniary  transactions;  a  written  or  printed
   statement of business dealings or debts and credits, and also of other
   things  subjected  to a reckoning or review; as, to keep one's account
   at the bank.

   3.   A  statement  in  general  of  reasons,  causes,  grounds,  etc.,
   explanatory  of some event; as, no satisfactory account has been given
   of  these  phenomena. Hence, the word is often used simply for reason,
   ground,  consideration,  motive,  etc.;  as,  on  no account, on every
   account, on all accounts.

   4.  A  statement  of  facts or occurrences; recital of transactions; a
   relation  or  narrative;  a report; a description; as, an account of a
   battle. "A laudable account of the city of London." Howell.

   5.  A  statement  and explanation or vindication of one's conduct with
   reference to judgment thereon.

     Give an account of thy stewardship. Luke xvi. 2.

   6.  An  estimate or estimation; valuation; judgment. "To stand high in
   your account." Shak.

   7.  Importance;  worth;  value;  advantage;  profit. "Men of account."
   Pope. "To turn to account." Shak.
   Account  current,  a  running or continued account between two or more
   parties,  or  a statement of the particulars of such an account. -- In
   account  with,  in  a  relation requiring an account to be kept. -- On
   account of, for the sake of; by reason of; because of. -- On one's own
   account, for one's own interest or behalf. -- To make account, to have
   an opinion or expectation; to reckon. [Obs.]

     s  other  part . . . makes account to find no slender arguments for
     this  assertion  out  of  those  very scriptures which are commonly
     urged against it. Milton.

   --  To make account of, to hold in estimation; to esteem; as, he makes
   small  account  of  beauty.  --  To  take  account of, or to take into
   account,  to take into consideration; to notice. "Of their doings, God
   takes  no  account."  Milton. -- A writ of account (Law), a writ which
   the  plaintiff  brings  demanding  that the defendant shall render his
   just  account,  or  show good cause to the contrary; -- called also an
   action  of  account.  Cowell.  Syn. -- Narrative; narration; relation;
   recital;  description;  explanation; rehearsal. -- Account, Narrative,
   Narration,  Recital.  These  words  are  applied to different modes of
   rehearsing  a series of events. Account turns attention not so much to
   the  speaker  as to the fact related, and more properly applies to the
   report  of  some single event, or a group of incidents taken as whole;
   as,  an  account  of  a  battle, of a shipwreck, etc. A narrative is a
   continuous story of connected incidents, such as one friend might tell
   to  another;  as, a narrative of the events of a siege, a narrative of
   one's  life,  etc.  Narration is usually the same as narrative, but is
   sometimes used to describe the mode of relating events; as, his powers
   of  narration are uncommonly great. Recital denotes a series of events
   drawn  out into minute particulars, usually expressing something which
   peculiarly  interests  the feelings of the speaker; as, the recital of
   one's wrongs, disappointments, sufferings, etc.

   1. To reckon; to compute; to count. [Obs.]

     The  motion  of  .  . . the sun whereby years are accounted. Sir T.
     Browne.

   2.  To  place to one's account; to put to the credit of; to assign; --
   with to. [R.] Clarendon.

   3.  To  value,  estimate, or hold in opinion; to judge or consider; to
   deem.

     Accounting that God was able to raise him up. Heb. xi. 19.

   4. To recount; to relate. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Account

   Ac*count", v. i.

   1.  To render or receive an account or relation of particulars; as, an
   officer must account with or to the treasurer for money received.

   2.  To  render  an account; to answer in judgment; -- with for; as, we
   must account for the use of our opportunities.

   3. To give a satisfactory reason; to tell the cause of; to explain; --
   with for; as, idleness accounts for poverty.
   To  account  of,  to  esteem; to prize; to value. Now used only in the
   passive. "I account of her beauty." Shak.
   
     Newer  was  preaching  more  accounted  of  than  in  the sixteenth
     century. Canon Robinson.
     
                              Accountabilability

   Ac*count"a*bil`a*bil"i*ty  (#),  n.  The  state  of being accountable;
   liability  to be called on to render an account; accountableness. "The
   awful idea of accountability." R. Hall.

                                  Accountable

   Ac*count"a*ble (#), a.

   1.  Liable to be called on to render an account; answerable; as, every
   man is accountable to God for his conduct.

   2. Capable of being accounted for; explicable. [R.]

     True religion . . . intelligible, rational, and accountable, -- not
     a burden but a privilege. B. Whichcote.

   Syn. -- Amenable; responsible; liable; answerable.

                               Accountable ness

   Ac*count"a*ble  ness,  n.  The  quality or state of being accountable;
   accountability.

                                  Accountably

   Ac*count"a*bly, adv. In an accountable manner.

                                  Accountancy

   Ac*count"an*cy (#), n. The art or employment of an accountant.

                                  Accountant

   Ac*count"ant (#), n. [Cf. F. accomptant, OF. acontant, p. pr.]

   1. One who renders account; one accountable.

   2. A reckoner.

   3. One who is skilled in, keeps, or adjusts, accounts; an officer in a
   public office, who has charge of the accounts.
   Accountatn  general,  the head or superintending accountant in certain
   public  offices.  Also,  formerly,  an officer in the English court of
   chancery  who  received  the moneys paid into the court, and deposited
   them in the Bank of England.

                                  Accountant

   Ac*count"ant, a. Accountable. [Obs.] Shak.

                                Accountantship

   Ac*count"ant*ship   (#),  n.  [Accountant  +  -ship.]  The  office  or
   employment of an accountant.

                                 Account book

   Ac*count" book` (#). A book in which accounts are kept. Swift.

                                   Accouple

   Ac*cou"ple  (#),  v.  t.  [OF.  acopler, F. accoupler. See Couple.] To
   join; to couple. [R.]

     The Englishmen accoupled themselves with the Frenchmen. Hall.

                                 Accouplement

   Ac*cou"ple*ment (#), n. [Cf. F. accouplement.]

   1.  The  act  of  coupling, or the state of being coupled; union. [R.]
   Caxton.

   2. That which couples, as a tie or brace. [R.]

                                   Accourage

   Ac*cour"age  (#),  v.  t.  [OF.  acoragier; \'85 (L. ad) + corage. See
   Courage.] To encourage. [Obs.]

                                    Accourt

   Ac*court"   (#),  v.  t.  [Ac-,  for  L.  ad.  See  Court.]  To  treat
   courteously; to court. [Obs.] Spenser.

                              Accouter, Accoutre

   Ac*cou"ter,  Ac*cou"tre  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Accoutered or
   Accoutred  (#);  p.  pr.  &  vb.  n.  Accoutering  or Accoutring.] [F.
   accouter,  OF. accoutrer, accoustrer; \'85 (L. ad) + perh. LL. custor,
   for  custos  guardian,  sacristan  (cf.  Custody), or perh. akin to E.
   guilt.]  To furnish with dress, or equipments, esp. those for military
   service; to equip; to attire; to array.

     Bot accoutered like young men. Shak.

     For this, in rags accoutered are they seen. Dryden.

     Accoutered with his burden and his staff. Wordsworth.

                         Accouterments, Accoutrements

   Ac*cou"ter*ments,  Ac*cou"tre*ments  (#),  n.  pl.  [F.  accoutrement,
   earlier also accoustrement, earlier also accoustrement. See Accouter.]
   Dress;  trappings; equipment; specifically, the devices and equipments
   worn by soldiers.

     How gay with all the accouterments of war!

                                     Accoy

     Ac*coy" (#), v. t. [OF. acoyer; ac-, for L. ad. See Coy.]

     1. To render quiet; to soothe. [Obs.] Chaucer.

     2. To subdue; to tame; to daunt. [Obs.]

     Then is your careless courage accoyed. Spenser.

                                   Accredit

     Ac*cred"it  (#),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Accredited; p. pr. & vb. n.
     Accrediting.]  [F.  accr\'82diter; \'85 (L. ad) + cr\'82dit credit.
     See Credit.]

     1. To put or bring into credit; to invest with credit or authority;
     to sanction.

     His censure will . . . accredit his praises. Cowper.

     These  reasons  .  .  .  which  accredit  and fortify mine opinion.
     Shelton.

     2.  To  send  with  letters credential, as an ambassador, envoy, or
     diplomatic agent; to authorize, as a messenger or delegate.

     Beton . . . was accredited to the Court of France. Froude.

     3. To believe; to credit; to put trust in.

     The  version  of  early  Roman  history which was accredited in the
     fifth century. Sir G. C. Lewis.

     He  accredited  and repeated stories of apparitions and witchcraft.
     Southey.

     4.  To  credit;  to  vouch  for  or  consider  (some  one) as doing
     something, or (something) as belonging to some one.

   To accredit (one) with (something), to attribute something to him; as,
   Mr.  Clay  was  accredited  with these views; they accredit him with a
   wise saying.

                                 Accreditation

   Ac*cred`i*ta"tion  (#),  n.  The  act  of  accrediting; as, letters of
   accreditation.

                                Accrementitial

   Ac`cre*men*ti"tial (#), a. (Physiol.) Pertaining to accremention.

                                Accrementition

   Ac`cre*men*ti"tion  (#),  n. [See Accresce, Increment.] (Physiol.) The
   process of generation by development of blastema, or fission of cells,
   in  which the new formation is in all respect like the individual from
   which it proceeds.

                                   Accresce

   Ac*cresce" (#), v. i. [L. accrescere. See Accrue.]

   1. To accrue. [R.]

   2. To increase; to grow. [Obs.] Gillespie.

                                  Accrescence

   Ac*cres"cence  (#),  n.  [LL.  accrescentia.]  Continuous  growth;  an
   accretion. [R.]

     The  silent accrescence of belief from the unwatched depositions of
     a general, never contradicted hearsy. Coleridge.

                                  Accrescent

   Ac*cres"cent  (#), a. [L. accrescens, -entis, p. pr. of accrescere; ad
   + crescere to grow. See Crescent.]

   1. Growing; increasing. Shuckford.

   2. (Bot.) Growing larger after flowering. Gray.

                                    Accrete

   Ac*crete"  (#),  v.  i.  [From  L.  accretus,  p.  p. of accrescere to
   increase.]

   1. To grow together.

   2. To adhere; to grow (to); to be added; -- with to.

                                    Accrete

   Ac*crete", v. t. To make adhere; to add. Earle.

                                    Accrete

   Ac*crete", a.

   1. Characterized by accretion; made up; as, accrete matter.

   2. (Bot.) Grown together. Gray.

                                   Accretion

   Ac*cre"tion  (#),  n.  [L.  accretio,  fr. accrescere to increase. Cf.
   Crescent, Increase, Accrue.]

   1.  The  act  of  increasing  by  natural growth; esp. the increase of
   organic  bodies  by  the  internal accession of parts; organic growth.
   Arbuthnot.

   2.  The  act  of  increasing,  or the matter added, by an accession of
   parts externally; an extraneous addition; as, an accretion of earth.

     A mineral . . . augments not by grown, but by accretion. Owen.

     To strip off all the subordinate parts of his as a later accretion.
     Sir G. C. Lewis.

   3.  Concretion;  coherence of separate particles; as, the accretion of
   particles so as to form a solid mass.

   4.  A  growing together of parts naturally separate, as of the fingers
   toes. Dana.

   5.  (Law) (a) The adhering of property to something else, by which the
   owner of one thing becomes possessed of a right to another; generally,
   gain  of  land  by  the  washing  up of sand or sail from the sea or a
   river,  or  by  a  gradual  recession  of  the  water  from  the usual
   watermark.  (b) Gain to an heir or legatee, failure of a coheir to the
   same succession, or a co-legatee of the same thing, to take his share.
   Wharton. Kent.

                                   Accretive

   Ac*cre"tive  (#),  a. Relating to accretion; increasing, or adding to,
   by growth. Glanvill.

                                  Accriminate

   Ac*crim"i*nate  (#), v. t. [L. ac- (for ad to) + criminari.] To accuse
   of a crime. [Obs.] -- Ac*crim`i*na"tion (#), n. [Obs.]

                                   Accroach

   Ac*croach"  (#),  v.  t.  [OE.  acrochen,  accrochen,  to  obtain, OF.
   acrochier, F. accrocher; \'85 (L. ad) + croc hook (E. crook).]

   1. To hook, or draw to one's self as with a hook. [Obs.]

   2. To usurp, as jurisdiction or royal prerogatives.

     They had attempted to accroach to themselves royal power. Stubbs.

                                 Accroachment

   Ac*croach"ment   (#),  n.  [Cf.  F.  accrochement.]  An  encroachment;
   usurpation. [Obs.] Bailey.

                                    Accrual

   Ac*cru"al (#), n. Accrument. [R.]

                                    Accrue

   Ac*crue"  (#),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Accrued (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Accruing.] [See Accrue, n., and cf. Accresce, Accrete.]

   1. To increase; to augment.

     And though power failed, her courage did accrue. Spenser.

   2.  To  come  to by way of increase; to arise or spring as a growth or
   result;  to be added as increase, profit, or damage, especially as the
   produce of money lent. "Interest accrues to principal." Abbott.

     The  great  and  essential  advantages accruing to society from the
     freedom of the press. Junius.

                                    Accrue

   Ac*crue",  n.  [F.  accr\'96,  OF.  acre\'81,  p. p. of accroitre, OF.
   acroistre  to  increase;  L. ad + crescere to increase. Cf. Accretion,
   Crew.  See  Crescent.]  Something  that  accrues;  advantage accruing.
   [Obs.]

                                    Accruer

   Ac*cru"er  (#),  n. (Law) The act of accruing; accretion; as, title by
   accruer.

                                   Accrument

   Ac*cru"ment  (#),  n.  The  process  of  accruing,  or  that which has
   accrued; increase. Jer. Taylor.

                                  Accubation

   Ac`cu*ba"tion  (#),  n.  [L. accubatio, for accubatio, fr. accubare to
   recline;  ad  + cubare to lie down. See Accumb.] The act or posture of
   reclining on a couch, as practiced by the ancients at meals.

                                    Accumb

   Ac*cumb" (#), v. i. [L. accumbere; ad + cumbere (only in compounds) to
   lie down.] To recline, as at table. [Obs.] Bailey.

                                  Accumbency

   Ac*cum"ben*cy (#), n. The state of being accumbent or reclining. [R.]

                                   Accumbent

   Ac*cum"bent (#), a.

   1. Leaning or reclining, as the ancients did at their meals.

     The Roman.. accumbent posture in eating. Arbuthnot.

   2.  (Bot.)  Lying  against  anything,  as  one  part of a leaf against
   another leaf. Gray.

     Accumbent  cotyledons have their edges placed against the caulicle.
     Eaton.

                                   Accumbent

   Ac*cum"bent, n. One who reclines at table.

                                   Accumber

   Ac*cum"ber (#), v. t. To encumber. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                  Accumulate

   Ac*cu"mu*late  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accumulated (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Accumulating.] [L. accumulatus, p. p. of accumulare; ad + cumulare
   to  heap.  See Cumulate.] To heap up in a mass; to pile up; to collect
   or bring together; to amass; as, to accumulate a sum of money. Syn. --
   To  collect;  pile up; store; amass; gather; aggregate; heap together;
   hoard. <-- p. 14 -->

                                  Accumulate

   Ac*cu"mu*late (#), v. i. To grow or increase in quantity or number; to
   increase greatly.

     Ill  fares  the  land,  to  hastening  ills  a  prey,  Where wealth
     accumulates, and men decay. Goldsmith.

                                  Accumulate

   Ac*cu"mu*late   (#),   a.  [L.  accumulatus,  p.  p.  of  accumulare.]
   Collected; accumulated. Bacon.

                                 Accumulation

   Ac*cu`mu*la"tion (#), n. [L. accumulatio; cf. F. accumulation.]

   1.  The  act  of accumulating, the state of being accumulated, or that
   which is accumulated; as, an accumulation of earth, of sand, of evils,
   of wealth, of honors.

   2. (Law) The concurrence of several titles to the same proof.
   Accumulation  of  energy  or  power, the storing of energy by means of
   weights  lifted  or  masses  put  in motion; electricity stored. -- An
   accumulation  of degrees (Eng. Univ.), the taking of several together,
   or at smaller intervals than usual or than is allowed by the rules.

                                 Accumulative

   Ac*cu"mu*la*tive  (#),  a.  Characterized  by accumulation; serving to
   collect or amass; cumulative; additional. -- Ac*cu"mu*la*tive*ly, adv.
   -- Ac*cu"mu*la*tive*ness, n.

                                  Accumulator

   Ac*cu"mu*la`tor (#), n. [L.]

   1. One who, or that which, accumulates, collects, or amasses.

   2.  (Mech.)  An  apparatus  by  means  of which energy or power can be
   stored,  such  as the cylinder or tank for storing water for hydraulic
   elevators,  the secondary or storage battery used for accumulating the
   energy of electrical charges, etc.

   3.  A  system of elastic springs for relieving the strain upon a rope,
   as in deep-sea dredging.

                                   Accuracy

   Ac"cu*ra*cy  (#; 277), n. [See Accurate.] The state of being accurate;
   freedom  from mistakes, this exemption arising from carefulness; exact
   conformity  to  truth,  or  to  a rule or model; precision; exactness;
   nicety;  correctness;  as,  the  value  of  testimony  depends  on its
   accuracy.

     The  professed  end  [of logic] is to teach men to think, to judge,
     and to reason, with precision and accuracy. Reid.

     The accuracy with which the piston fits the sides. Lardner.

                                   Accurate

   Ac"cu*rate  (#),  a. [L. accuratus, p. p. and a., fr. accurare to take
   care of; ad + curare to take care, cura care. See Cure.]

   1.  In  exact  or  careful conformity to truth, or to some standard of
   requirement, the result of care or pains; free from failure, error, or
   defect;  exact;  as,  an  accurate  calculator;  an  accurate measure;
   accurate expression, knowledge, etc.

   2. Precisely fixed; executed with care; careful. [Obs.]

     Those  conceive  the celestial bodies have more accurate influences
     upon these things below. Bacon.

   Syn.  -- Correct; exact; just; nice; particular. -- Accurate, Correct,
   Exact,  Precise. We speak of a thing as correct with reference to some
   rule  or  standard  of  comparison;  as,  a correct account, a correct
   likeness, a man of correct deportment. We speak of a thing as accurate
   with  reference  to  the  care  bestowed  upon  its execution, and the
   increased  correctness  to  be  expected  therefrom;  as,  an accurate
   statement,  an  accurate detail of particulars. We speak of a thing as
   exact with reference to that perfected state of a thing in which there
   is  no  defect  and no redundance; as, an exact coincidence, the exact
   truth, an exact likeness. We speak of a thing as precise when we think
   of  it  as  strictly  conformed  to some rule or model, as if cut down
   thereto; as a precise conformity instructions; precisely right; he was
   very precise in giving his directions.

                                  Accurately

   Ac"cu*rate*ly, adv. In an accurate manner; exactly; precisely; without
   error or defect.

                                 Accurateness

   Ac"cu*rate*ness,  n. The state or quality of being accurate; accuracy;
   exactness; nicety; precision.

                                    Accurse

   Ac*curse"  (#),  v.  t.  [OE. acursien, acorsien; pref. a + cursien to
   curse.  See  Curse.]  To devote to destruction; to imprecate misery or
   evil upon; to curse; to execrate; to anathematize.

     And the city shall be accursed. Josh. vi. 17.

     Thro' you, my life will be accurst. Tennyson.

                               Accursed, Accurst

   Ac*cursed"  (#),  Ac*curst"  (#),  p. p. & a. Doomed to destruction or
   misery;  cursed;  hence,  bad enough to be under the curse; execrable;
   detestable;  exceedingly  hateful;  --  as, an accursed deed. Shak. --
   Ac*curs"ed*ly, adv. -- Ac*curs"ed*ness, n.

                                   Accusable

   Ac*cus"a*ble  (#), a. [L. accusabilis: cf. F. accusable.] Liable to be
   accused  or  censured;  chargeable with a crime or fault; blamable; --
   with of.

                                    Accusal

   Ac*cus"al (#), n. Accusation. [R.] Byron.

                                   Accusant

   Ac*cus"ant (#), n. [L. accusans, p. pr. of accusare: cf. F. accusant.]
   An accuser. Bp. Hall.

                                  Accusation

   Ac`cu*sa"tion (#), n. [OF. acusation, F. accusation, L. accusatio, fr.
   accusare. See Accuse.]

   1.  The  act  of  accusing  or charging with a crime or with a lighter
   offense.

     We come not by the way of accusation To taint that honor every good
     tongue blesses. Shak.

   2. That of which one is accused; the charge of an offense or crime, or
   the declaration containing the charge.

     [They] set up over his head his accusation. Matt. xxvii. 37.

   Syn. -- Impeachment; crimination; censure; charge.

                                  Accusatival

   Ac*cu`sa*ti"val (#), a. Pertaining to the accusative case.

                                  Accusative

   Ac*cu"sa*tive  (#), a. [F. accusatif, L. accusativus (in sense 2), fr.
   accusare. See Accuse.]

   1.   Producing   accusations;  accusatory.  "This  hath  been  a  very
   accusative age." Sir E. Dering.

   2.  (Gram.) Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin and Greek
   nouns)  which  expresses  the  immediate object on which the action or
   influence  of a transitive verb terminates, or the immediate object of
   motion  or  tendency to, expressed by a preposition. It corresponds to
   the objective case in English.

                                  Accusative

   Ac*cu"sa*tive, n. (Gram.) The accusative case.

                                 Accusatively

   Ac*cu"sa*tive*ly, adv.

   1. In an accusative manner.

   2. In relation to the accusative case in grammar.

                                 Accusatorial

   Ac*cu`sa*to"ri*al (#), a. Accusatory.

                                Accusatorially

   Ac*cu`sa*to"ri*al*ly, adv. By way accusation.

                                  Accusatory

   Ac*cu"sa*to*ry (#), a. [L. accusatorius, fr. accusare.] Pertaining to,
   or containing, an accusation; as, an accusatory libel. Grote.

                                    Accuse

   Ac*cuse" (#), n. Accusation. [Obs.] Shak.

                                    Accuse

   Ac*cuse",  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accused (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Accusing.]
   [OF. acuser, F. accuser, L. accusare, to call to account, accuse; ad +
   causa cause, lawsuit. Cf. Cause.]

   1.  To  charge with, or declare to have committed, a crime or offense;
   (Law) to charge with an offense, judicially or by a public process; --
   with of; as, to accuse one of a high crime or misdemeanor.

     Neither  can they prove the things whereof they now accuse me. Acts
     xxiv. 13.

     We are accused of having persuaded Austria and Sardinia to lay down
     their arms. Macaulay.

   2. To charge with a fault; to blame; to censure.

     Their thoughts the meanwhile accusing or else excusing one another.
     Rom. ii. 15.

   3. To betray; to show. [L.] Sir P. Sidney.
   Syn.  --  To  charge;  blame;  censure;  reproach;  criminate; indict;
   impeach;  arraign. -- To Accuse, Charge, Impeach, Arraign. These words
   agree  in  bringing  home to a person the imputation of wrongdoing. To
   accuse  is  a  somewhat formal act, and is applied usually (though not
   exclusively)  to  crimes; as, to accuse of treason. Charge is the most
   generic.  It  may  refer  to  a crime, a dereliction of duty, a fault,
   etc.;  more  commonly  it refers to moral delinquencies; as, to charge
   with dishonesty or falsehood. To arraign is to bring (a person) before
   a  tribunal for trial; as, to arraign one before a court or at the bar
   public opinion. To impeach is officially to charge with misbehavior in
   office;  as,  to  impeach  a minister of high crimes. Both impeach and
   arraign convey the idea of peculiar dignity or impressiveness.

                                    Accused

   Ac*cused" (#), a. Charged with offense; as, an accused person.

     NOTE: Commonly us ed su bstantively; as , th e accused, one charged
     with an offense; the defendant in a criminal case.

                                  Accusement

   Ac*cuse"ment  (#),  n. [OF. acusement. See Accuse.] Accusation. [Obs.]
   Chaucer.

                                    Accuser

   Ac*cus"er  (#),  n.  [OE.  acuser,  accusour;  cf. OF. acuseor, fr. L.
   accusator,  fr. accusare.] One who accuses; one who brings a charge of
   crime or fault.

                                  Accusingly

   Ac*cus"ing*ly, adv. In an accusing manner.

                                   Accustom

   Ac*cus"tom  (#),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Accustomed (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Accustoming.] [OF. acostumer, acustumer, F. accoutumer; \'85 (L. ad) +
   OF. costume, F. coutume, custom. See Custom.] To make familiar by use;
   to habituate, familiarize, or inure; -- with to.

     I  shall  always  fear  that  he  who accustoms himself to fraud in
     little  things,  wants  only opportunity to practice it in greater.
     Adventurer.

   Syn. -- To habituate; inure; exercise; train.

                                   Accustom

   Ac*cus"tom, v. i.

   1. To be wont. [Obs.] Carew.

   2. To cohabit. [Obs.]

     We  with  the  best men accustom openly; you with the basest commit
     private adulteries. Milton.

                                   Accustom

   Ac*cus"tom, n. Custom. [Obs.] Milton.

                                 Accustomable

   Ac*cus"tom*a*ble  (#),  a.  Habitual; customary; wonted. "Accustomable
   goodness." Latimer.

                                 Accustomably

   Ac*cus"tom*a*bly,  adv.  According to custom; ordinarily; customarily.
   Latimer.

                                 Accustomance

   Ac*cus"tom*ance  (#), n. [OF. accoustumance, F. accoutumance.] Custom;
   habitual use. [Obs.] Boyle.

                                 Accustomarily

   Ac*cus"tom*a*ri*ly (#), adv. Customarily. [Obs.]

                                  Accustomary

   Ac*cus"tom*a*ry (#), a. Usual; customary. [Archaic] Featley.

                                  Accustomed

   Ac*cus"tomed (#), a.

   1.  Familiar  through  use;  usual; customary. "An accustomed action."
   Shak.

   2. Frequented by customers. [Obs.] "A well accustomed shop." Smollett.

                                Accustomedness

   Ac*cus"tomed*ness, n. Habituation.

     Accustomedness to sin hardens the heart. Bp. Pearce.

                                      Ace

   Ace  (#),  n.;  pl. Aces (#). [OE. as, F. as, fr. L. as, assis, unity,
   copper coin, the unit of coinage. Cf. As.]

   1. A unit; a single point or spot on a card or die; the card or die so
   marked; as, the ace of diamonds.

   2. Hence: A very small quantity or degree; a particle; an atom; a jot.

     I 'll not wag an ace further. Dryden.

   To  bate  an ace, to make the least abatement. [Obs.]M/mark> -- Within
   an ace of, very near; on the point of. W. Irving.

                                   Aceldama

   A*cel"da*ma  (#),  n. [Gr. \'d3k\'c7l dam\'d3 the field of blood.] The
   potter's  field,  said to have lain south of Jerusalem, purchased with
   the  bribe  which  Judas  took for betraying his Master, and therefore
   called the field of blood. Fig.: A field of bloodshed.

     The  system  of  warfare  . . . which had already converted immense
     tracts into one universal aceldama. De Quincey.

                                   Acentric

   A*cen"tric (#), a. [Gr. Not centered; without a center.

                                    Acephal

   Ac"e*phal  (#), n. [Gr. ac\'82phale, LL. acephalus.] (Zo\'94l.) One of
   the Acephala.

                                   Acephala

   A*ceph"a*la  (#),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  Acephal.] (Zo\'94l.) That
   division  of  the Mollusca which includes the bivalve shells, like the
   clams  and  oysters;  --  so called because they have no evident head.
   Formerly  the  group included the Tunicata, Brachiopoda, and sometimes
   the Bryozoa. See Mollusca.

                                   Acephalan

   A*ceph"a*lan (#), n. Same as Acephal.

                                   Acephalan

   A*ceph"a*lan, a. (Zo\'94l.) Belonging to the Acephala.

                                   Acephali

   A*ceph"a*li (#), n. pl. [LL., pl. of acephalus. See Acephal.]

   1. A fabulous people reported by ancient writers to have heads.

   2.  (Eccl.  Hist.)  (a) A Christian sect without a leader. (b) Bishops
   and certain clergymen not under regular diocesan control.

   3. A class of levelers in the time of K. Henry I.

                                  Acephalist

   A*ceph"a*list  (#),  n.  One who acknowledges no head or superior. Dr.
   Gauden.

                                 Acephalocyst

   A*ceph"a*lo*cyst  (#),  n. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A larval entozo\'94n in the
   form of a subglobular or oval vesicle, or hy datid, filled with fluid,
   sometimes  found  in  the  tissues of man and the lower animals; -- so
   called  from  the  absence of a head or visible organs on the vesicle.
   These cysts are the immature stages of certain tapeworms. Also applied
   to similar cysts of different origin.

                                Acephalocystic

   A*ceph`a*lo*cys"tic   (#),   a.  Pertaining  to,  or  resembling,  the
   acephalocysts.

                                  Acephalous

   A*ceph"a*lous (#), a. [See Acephal.]

   1. Headless.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  Without  a distinct head; -- a term applied to bivalve
   mollusks.

   3.  (Bot.)  Having the style spring from the base, instead of from the
   apex, as is the case in certain ovaries.

   4. Without a leader or chief.

   5. Wanting the beginning.

     A false or acephalous structure of sentence. De Quincey.

   6. (Pros.) Deficient and the beginning, as a line of poetry. Brande.

                                    Acerate

   Ac"er*ate  (#),  n. [See Aceric.] (Chem.) A combination of aceric acid
   with a salifiable base.

                                    Acerate

   Ac"er*ate, a. Acerose; needle-shaped.

                                     Acerb

   A*cerb"  (#),  a.  [L.  acerbus,  fr.  acer  sharp: cf. F. acerbe. See
   Acrid.]  Sour,  bitter, and harsh to the taste, as unripe fruit; sharp
   and harsh.

                                   Acerbate

   A*cerb"ate  (#), v. t. [L. acerbatus, p. p. of acerbare, fr. acerbus.]
   To sour; to imbitter; to irritate.

                                    Acerbic

   A*cerb"ic (#), a. Sour or severe.

                                  Acerbitude

   A*cerb"i*tude  (#),  n.  [L.  acerbitudo,  fr.  acerbus.] Sourness and
   harshness. [Obs.] Bailey.

                                   Acerbity

   A*cerb"i*ty  (#),  n.  [F. acerbit\'82, L. acerbitas, fr. acerbus. See
   Acerb.]

   1.  Sourness  of  taste, with bitterness and astringency, like that of
   unripe fruit.

   2.  Harshness,  bitterness,  or  severity;  as, acerbity of temper, of
   language, of pain. Barrow.

                                    Aceric

   A*cer"ic (#), a. [L. acer maple.] Pertaining to, or obtained from, the
   maple; as, aceric acid. Ure.

                                    Acerose

   Ac"er*ose`  (#),  a.  [(a)  L. acerosus chaffy, fr. acus, gen. aceris,
   chaff;  (b)  as  if fr. L. acus needle: cf. F. ac\'82reux.] (Bot.) (a)
   Having the nature of chaff; chaffy. (b) Needle-shaped, having a sharp,
   rigid point, as the leaf of the pine.

                                    Acerous

   Ac"er*ous (#), a. Same as Acerose.

                                    Acerous

   Ac"er*ous,  a.  [Gr.  &a;  priv.  +  &keras;  a  horn.] (Zo\'94l.) (a)
   Destitute  of  tentacles, as certain mollusks. (b) Without antenn\'91,
   as some insects.

                                    Acerval

   A*cer"val  (#),  a.  [L. acervalis, fr. acervus heap.] Pertaining to a
   heap. [Obs.]

                                   Acervate

   A*cer"vate (#), v. t. [L. acervatus, p. p. of acervare to heap up, fr.
   acervus heap.] To heap up. [Obs.]

                                   Acervate

   A*cer"vate  (#),  a. Heaped, or growing in heaps, or closely compacted
   clusters.

                                  Acervation

   Ac`er*va"tion (#), n. [L. acervatio.] A heaping up; accumulation. [R.]
   Johnson.

                                  Acervative

   A*cer"va*tive (#), a. Heaped up; tending to heap up.

                                   Acervose

   A*cer"vose (#), a. Full of heaps. [R.] Bailey.

                                  Acervuline

   A*cer"vu*line (#), a. Resembling little heaps.

                             Acescence, Acescency

   A*ces"cence   (#),   A*ces"cen*cy  (#),  n.  [Cf.  F.  acescence.  See
   Acescent.]  The  quality  of  being  acescent;  the process of acetous
   fermentation; a moderate degree of sourness. Johnson.

                                   Acescent

   A*ces"cent  (#),  a.  [L. acescens, -entis, p. pr. of acescere to turn
   sour;  inchoative  of  acere  to  be sour: cf. F. acescent. See Acid.]
   Turning sour; readily becoming tart or acid; slightly sour. Faraday.

                                   Acescent

   A*ces"cent, n. A substance liable to become sour.

                                   Acetable

   Ac"e*ta*ble  (#),  n.  An  acetabulum;  or about one eighth of a pint.
   [Obs.] Holland.

                                  Acetabular

   Ac`e*tab"u*lar (#), a. Cup-shaped; saucer-shaped; acetabuliform.

                                 Acetabulifera

   Ac`e*tab`u*lif"e*ra  (#), n. pl. [NL. See Acetabuliferous.] (Zo\'94l.)
   The  division  of  Cephalopoda  in  which  the arms are furnished with
   cup-shaped  suckers,  as  the  cuttlefishes,  squids, and octopus; the
   Dibranchiata. See Cephalopoda.

                                Acetabuliferous

   Ac`e*tab`u*lif"er*ous  (#),  a. [L. acetablum a little cup + -ferous.]
   Furnished with fleshy cups for adhering to bodies, as cuttlefish, etc.

                                 Acetabuliform

   Ac`e*tab"u*li*form (#), a. [L. acetabulum + -form.] (Bot.) Shaped like
   a shallow; saucer-shaped; as, an acetabuliform calyx. Gray.

                                  Acetabulum

   Ac`e*tab"u*lum  (#),  n.  [L., a little saucer for vinegar, fr. acetum
   vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.]

   1.  (Rom.  Antiq.) A vinegar cup; socket of the hip bone; a measure of
   about one eighth of a pint, etc.

   2. (Anat.) (a) The bony cup which receives the head of the thigh bone.
   (b)  The  cavity  in  which  the  leg  of an insect is inserted at its
   articulation  with  the  body. (c) A sucker of the sepia or cuttlefish
   and  related  animals.  (d) The large posterior sucker of the leeches.
   (e) One of the lobes of the placenta in ruminating animals.

                                    Acetal

   Ac"e*tal  (#),  n.  [Acetic  +  alcohol.] (Chem.) A limpid, colorless,
   inflammable  liquid  from  the  slow  oxidation  of  alcohol under the
   influence of platinum black.

                                 Acetaldehyde

   Ac`et*al"de*hyde (#), n. Acetic aldehyde. See Aldehyde.

                                   Acetamide

   Ac`et*am"ide  (#),  n.  [Acetyl  + amide.] (Chem.) A white crystalline
   solid,  from  ammonia  by  replacement of an equivalent of hydrogen by
   acetyl.

                                  Acetanilide

   Ac`et*an"i*lide  (#),  n.  [Acetyl  +  anilide.]  (Med.) A compound of
   aniline  with  acetyl,  used  to  allay  fever or pain; -- called also
   antifebrine.

                                  Acetarious

   Ac`e*ta"ri*ous  (#),  a.  [L.  acetaria,  n.  pl.,  salad,  fr. acetum
   vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.] Used in salads; as, acetarious plants.
   <-- p. 15 -->

                                    Acetary

   Ac"e*ta*ry (#), n. [L. acetaria salad plants.] An acid pulp in certain
   fruits, as the pear. Grew.

                                    Acetate

   Ac"e*tate (#), n. [L. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.] (Chem.) A
   salt  formed  by  the  union  of  acetic  acid with a base or positive
   radical; as, acetate of lead, acetate of potash.

                                   Acetated

   Ac"e*ta`ted (#), a. Combined with acetic acid.

                                    Acetic

   A*ce"tic  (#;  277),  a.  [L.  acetum  vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.]
   (Chem.)  (a)  Of a pertaining to vinegar; producing vinegar; producing
   vinegar;  as,  acetic  fermentation. (b) Pertaining to, containing, or
   derived  from, acetyl, as acetic ether, acetic acid. The latter is the
   acid to which the sour taste of vinegar is due.

                                 Acetification

   A*cet`i*fi*ca"tion  (#),  n.  The  act  of making acetous or sour; the
   process of converting, or of becoming converted, into vinegar.

                                   Acetifier

   A*cet"i*fi`er  (#),  n.  An  apparatus  for  hastening  acetification.
   Knight.

                                    Acetify

   A*cet"i*fy  (#),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Acetified (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Acetifying  (#).]  [L. acetum vinegar + -fly.] To convert into acid or
   vinegar.

                                    Acetify

   A*cet"i*fy, v. i. To turn acid. Encyc. Dom. Econ.

                                  Acetimeter

   Ac`e*tim"e*ter   (#),   n.   [L.  acetum  vinegar  +  -meter:  cf.  F.
   ac\'82tim\'8atre.]  An  instrument for estimating the amount of acetic
   acid in vinegar or in any liquid containing acetic acid.

                                  Acetimetry

   Ac`e*tim"e*try  (#), n. The act or method of ascertaining the strength
   of vinegar, or the proportion of acetic acid contained in it. Ure.

                                    Acetin

   Ac"e*tin  (#),  n. (Chem.) A combination of acetic acid with glycerin.
   Brande & C.

                                    Acetize

   Ac"e*tize (#), v. i. To acetify. [R.]

                                  Acetometer

   Ac`e*tom"e*ter (#), n. Same as Acetimeter. Brande & C.

                                    Acetone

   Ac"e*tone  (#),  n. [See Acetic.] (Chem.) A volatile liquid consisting
   of  three  parts  of  carbon,  six  of  hydrogen,  and  one of oxygen;
   pyroacetic   spirit,  --  obtained  by  the  distillation  of  certain
   acetates,  or  by the destructive distillation of citric acid, starch,
   sugar, or gum, with quicklime.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e te rm in  al so ap plied to a number of bodies of
     similar constitution, more frequently called ketones. See Ketone.

                                   Acetonic

   Ac`e*ton"ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to acetone; as, acetonic bodies.

                                    Acetose

   Ac"e*tose (#), a. Sour like vinegar; acetous.

                                   Acetosity

   Ac`e*tos"i*ty  (#),  n.  [LL. acetositas. See Acetous.] The quality of
   being acetous; sourness.

                                    Acetous

   A*ce"tous (#; 277), a. [L. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.]

   1.  Having  a  sour  taste; sour; acid. "An acetous spirit." Boyle. "A
   liquid of an acetous kind." Bp. Lowth.

   2.   Causing,   or   connected   with,   acetification;   as,  acetous
   fermentation.
   Acetous  acid,  a  name  formerly  given  to vinegar<-- which contains
   acetic acid -->.

                                    Acetyl

   Ac"e*tyl  (#),  n.  [L.  acetum vinegar + Gr. -yl.] (Chem.) A complex,
   hypothetical  radical,  composed  of  two  parts of carbon to three of
   hydrogen and one of oxygen. Its hydroxide is acetic acid.

                                   Acetylene

   A*cet"y*lene  (#),  n.  (Chem.)  A  gaseous  compound  of  carbon  and
   hydrogen,  in  the proportion of two atoms of the former to two of the
   latter.  It  is a colorless gas, with a peculiar, unpleasant odor, and
   is  produced  for  use as an illuminating gas in a number of ways, but
   chiefly  by  the action of water on calcium carbide. Its light is very
   brilliant. Watts.

                                   Ach, Ache

   Ach, Ache (#), n. [F. ache, L. apium parsley.] A name given to several
   species of plants; as, smallage, wild celery, parsley. [Obs.] Holland.

                              Ach\'91an, Achaian

   A*ch\'91"an  (#),  A*cha"ian  (#)  a.  [L. Achaeus, Achaius; Gr. Of or
   pertaining  to  Achaia  in  Greece;  also,  Grecian. -- n. A native of
   Achaia; a Greek.

                                  Acharnement

   A*char"ne*ment (#), n. [F.] Savage fierceness; ferocity.

                                    Achate

   Ach"ate (#), n. An agate. [Obs.] Evelyn.

                                    Achate

   A*chate" (#), n. [F. achat purchase. See Cates.]

   1. Purchase; bargaining. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. pl. Provisions. Same as Cates. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                   Achatina

   Ach`a*ti"na  (#), n. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of land snails,
   often large, common in the warm parts of America and Africa.

                                   Achatour

   A*cha*tour" (#), n. [See Cater.] Purveyor; acater. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                     Ache

   Ache  (#),  n. [OE. ache, AS. \'91ce, ece, fr. acan to ache. See Ache,
   v.  i.]  Continued  pain,  as  distinguished  from  sudden twinges, or
   spasmodic pain. "Such an ache in my bones." Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Often used in composition, as, a headache, an earache,
     a toothache.

                                     Ache

   Ache  (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Ached (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Aching (#).]
   [OE.  aken,  AS.  acan, both strong verbs, AS. acan, imp. \'d3c, p. p.
   acen,  to  ache;  perh.  orig. to drive, and akin to agent.] To suffer
   pain; to have, or be in, pain, or in continued pain; to be distressed.
   "My old bones ache." Shak.

     The sins that in your conscience ache. Keble.

                                    Achean

   A*che"an (#), a & n. See Ach\'91an, Achaian.

                               Achene, Achenium

   A*chene" (#), A*che"ni*um (#) n. [Gr. (Bot.) A small, dry, indehiscent
   fruit,  containing  a  single  seed,  as in the buttercup; -- called a
   naked   seed  by  the  earlier  botanists.  [Written  also  akene  and
   ach\'91nium.]

                                   Achenial

   A*che"ni*al (#), a. Pertaining to an achene.

                                    Acheron

   Ach"e*ron  (#), n. [L., fr. Gr. (Myth.) A river in the Nether World or
   infernal  regions;  also,  the infernal regions themselves. By some of
   the English poets it was supposed to be a flaming lake or gulf. Shak.

                                  Acherontic

   Ach`e*ron"tic  (#),  a.  Of or pertaining to Acheron; infernal; hence,
   dismal, gloomy; moribund.

                                  Achievable

   A*chiev"a*ble (#), a. Capable of being achieved. Barrow.

                                  Achievance

   A*chiev"ance  (#),  n. [Cf. OF. achevance.] Achievement. [Obs.] Sir T.
   Elyot.

                                    Achieve

   A*chieve"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Achieved (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Achieving  (#).]  [OE.  acheven, OF. achever, achiever, F. achever, to
   finish;  \'85  (L.  ad)  + OF. chief, F. chef, end, head, fr. L. caput
   head. See Chief.]

   1.  To carry on to a final close; to bring out into a perfected state;
   to  accomplish;  to  perform; -- as, to achieve a feat, an exploit, an
   enterprise.

     Supposing  faculties  and  powers  to  be the same, far more may be
     achieved  in  any line by the aid of a capital, invigorating motive
     than without it. I. Taylor.

   2.  To  obtain,  or  gain,  as  the  result of exertion; to succeed in
   gaining; to win.

     Some are born great, some achieve greatness. Shak.

     Thou hast achieved our liberty. Milton.

     NOTE: [[Obs]., with a material thing as the aim.]

     Show all the spoils by valiant kings achieved. Prior.

     He hath achieved a maid That paragons description. Shak.

   3.  To  finish;  to  kill. [Obs.] Shak. Syn. -- To accomplish; effect;
   fulfill; complete; execute; perform; realize; obtain. See Accomplish.

                                  Achievement

   A*chieve"ment (#), n. [Cf. F. ach\'8avement, E. Hatchment.]

   1.  The  act  of  achieving  or  performing; an obtaining by exertion;
   successful  performance;  accomplishment;  as,  the achievement of his
   object.

   2.  A great or heroic deed; something accomplished by valor, boldness,
   or praiseworthy exertion; a feat.

     [The  exploits] of the ancient saints . . . do far surpass the most
     famous achievements of pagan heroes. Barrow.

     The highest achievements of the human intellect. Macaulay.

   3.  (Her.)  An escutcheon or ensign armorial; now generally applied to
   the funeral shield commonly called hatchment. Cussans.

                                   Achiever

   A*chiev"er (#), n. One who achieves; a winner.

                                   Achillean

   Ach`il*le"an  (#),  a.  Resembling  Achilles,  the  hero of the Iliad;
   invincible.

                               Achilles' tendon

   A*chil"les'  ten"don  (#),  n. [L. Achillis tendo.] (Anat.) The strong
   tendon  formed  of the united tendons of the large muscles in the calf
   of  the  leg, an inserted into the bone of the heel; -- so called from
   the  mythological  account  of  Achilles  being  held by the heel when
   dipped in the River Styx.

                                   Achilous

   A*chi"lous (#), a. [Gr. (Bot.) Without a lip.

                                    Aching

   Ach"ing  (#),  a.  That  aches;  continuously  painful.  See  Ache. --
   Ach"ing*ly, adv.

     The aching heart, the aching head. Longfellow.

                                    Achiote

   A`chi*o"te  (#),  n.  [Sp.  achiote, fr. Indian achiotl.] Seeds of the
   annotto tree; also, the coloring matter, annotto.

                                  Achlamydate

   A*chlam"y*date  (#),  a.  [Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) Not possessing a mantle; --
   said of certain gastropods.

                                 Achlamydeous

   Ach`la*myd"e*ous  (#),  a.  (Bot.)  Naked;  having no floral envelope,
   neither calyx nor corolla.

                                    Acholia

   A*cho"li*a (#), n. [NL., from Gr. (Med.) Deficiency or want of bile.

                                   Acholous

   Ach"o*lous (#), a. (Med.) Lacking bile.

                                  Achromatic

   Ach`ro*mat"ic (#), a. [Gr. achromatique.]

   1.  (Opt.)  Free from color; transmitting light without decomposing it
   into its primary colors.

   2.  (Biol.)  Uncolored;  not  absorbing color from a fluid; -- said of
   tissue.
   Achromatic  lens  (Opt.),  a  lens  composed  usually  of two separate
   lenses,   a   convex  and  concave,  of  substances  having  different
   refractive  and  dispersive powers, as crown and flint glass, with the
   curvatures  so  adjusted that the chromatic aberration produced by the
   one  is  corrected  by other, and light emerges from the compound lens
   undecomposed. -- Achromatic prism. See Prism. -- Achromatic telescope,
   or  microscope,  one  in  which the chromatic aberration is corrected,
   usually  by  means of a compound or achromatic object glass, and which
   gives images free from extraneous color.

                                Achromatically

   Ach`ro*mat"ic*al*ly (#), adv. In an achromatic manner.

                                 Achromaticity

   Ach`ro*ma*tic"i*ty (#), n. Achromatism.

                                  Achromatin

   A*chro"ma*tin  (#),  n.  (Biol.)  Tissue which is not stained by fluid
   dyes. W. Flemming.

                                  Achromatism

   A*chro"ma*tism  (#), n. [Cf. F. achromatisme.] The state or quality of
   being  achromatic;  as,  the  achromatism  of  a  lens; achromaticity.
   Nichol.

                                Achromatization

   A*chro`ma*ti*za"tion  (#),  n.  [Cf.  F.  achromatisation.] The act or
   process of achromatizing.

                                  Achromatize

   A*chro"ma*tize (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Achromatized (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Achromatizing (#).] [Gr. To deprive of color; to make achromatic.

                                 Achromatopsy

   A*chro"ma*top"sy   (#),   n.   [Gr.   Color  blindness;  inability  to
   distinguish colors; Daltonism.

                                   Achronic

   A*chron"ic (#), a. See Acronyc.

                               Achro\'94dextrin

   Ach`ro*\'94*dex"trin  (#),  n. [Gr. dextrin.] (Physiol. Chem.) Dextrin
   not colorable by iodine. See Dextrin.

                                   Achroous

   Ach"ro*ous (#), a. [Gr. Colorless; achromatic.

                                   Achylous

   A*chy"lous (#), a. [Gr. (Physiol.) Without chyle.

                                   Achymous

   A*chy"mous (#), a. [Gr. (Physiol.) Without chyme.

                                    Acicula

   A*cic"u*la (#), n.; pl. Acicul\'91 (#). [L., a small needle, dimin. of
   acus needle.] (Nat. Hist.) One of the needlelike or bristlelike spines
   or prickles of some animals and plants; also, a needlelike crystal.

                                   Acicular

   A*cic"u*lar  (#),  a. Needle-shaped; slender like a needle or bristle,
   as  some  leaves or crystals; also, having sharp points like needless.
   A*cic"u*lar*ly, adv.

                             Aciculate, Aciculated

   A*cic"u*late  (#),  A*cic"u*la"ted  (#)  a. (Nat. Hist.) (a) Furnished
   with  acicul\'91. (b) Acicular. (c) Marked with fine irregular streaks
   as if scratched by a needle. Lindley.

                                  Aciculiform

   A*cic"u*li*form  (#),  a.  [L. acicula needle + -form.] Needle-shaped;
   acicular.

                                   Aciculite

   A*cic"u*lite (#), n. (Min.) Needle ore. Brande & C.

                                     Acid

   Ac"id  (#),  a.  [L.  acidus sour, fr. the root ak to be sharp: cf. F.
   acide. Cf. Acute.]

   1.  Sour,  sharp,  or  biting  to the taste; tart; having the taste of
   vinegar: as, acid fruits or liquors. Also fig.: Sour-tempered.

     He was stern and his face as acid as ever. A. Trollope.

   2. Of or pertaining to an acid; as, acid reaction.

                                     Acid

   Ac"id, n.

   1. A sour substance.

   2.  (Chem.)  One  of  a  class  of compounds, generally but not always
   distinguished  by their sour taste, solubility in water, and reddening
   of vegetable blue or violet colors. They are also characterized by the
   power  of  destroying the distinctive properties of alkalies or bases,
   combining  with  them to form salts, at the same time losing their own
   peculiar  properties.  They  all  contain hydrogen, united with a more
   negative  element  or  radical,  either  alone, or more generally with
   oxygen,  and  take  their names from this negative element or radical.
   Those  which  contain  no  oxygen  are  sometimes  called hydracids in
   distinction from the others which are called oxygen acids or oxacids.

     NOTE: &hand; In  certain cases, sulphur, selenium, or tellurium may
     take  the  place  of  oxygen,  and  the corresponding compounds are
     called respectively sulphur acids or sulphacids, selenium acids, or
     tellurium  acids.  When  the  hydrogen  of an acid is replaced by a
     positive  element or radical, a salt is formed, and hence acids are
     sometimes  named  as  salts  of  hydrogen;  as hydrogen nitrate for
     nitric  acid, hydrogen sulphate for sulphuric acid, etc. In the old
     chemistry  the  name acid was applied to the oxides of the negative
     or nonmetallic elements, now sometimes called anhydrides.

                                    Acidic

   A*cid"ic  (#),  a.  (Min.)  Containing a high percentage of silica; --
   opposed  to basic. <-- 2. of or relating to acid; having the character
   of an acid, as an acidic solution. -->

                                  Acidiferous

   Ac`id*if"er*ous  (#),  a.  [L.  acidus  sour + -ferous.] Containing or
   yielding an acid.

                                  Acidifiable

   A*cid"i*fi`a*ble (#), a. Capable of being acidified, or converted into
   an acid.

                                   Acidific

   Ac`id*if"ic (#), a. Producing acidity; converting into an acid. Dana.

                                 Acidification

   A*cid`i*fi*ca"tion  (#), n. [Cf. F. acidification.] The act or process
   of acidifying, or changing into an acid.

                                   Acidifier

   A*cid"i*fi`er  (#),  n.  (Chem.) A simple or compound principle, whose
   presence  is  necessary  to  produce  acidity,  as  oxygen,  chlorine,
   bromine, iodine, etc.

                                    Acidify

   A*cid"i*fy  (#),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Acidified (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Acidifying (#).] [L. acidus sour, acid + -fy: cf. F. acidifier.]

   1. To make acid; to convert into an acid; as, to acidify sugar.

   2. To sour; to imbitter.

     His thin existence all acidified into rage. Carlyle.

                                  Acidimeter

   Ac`id*im"e*ter   (#),  n.  [L.  acidus  acid  +  -meter.]  (Chem.)  An
   instrument for ascertaining the strength of acids. Ure.

                                  Acidimetry

   Ac`id*im"e*try  (#),  n.  [L.  acidus  acid  +  -metry.]  (Chem.)  The
   measurement of the strength of acids, especially by a chemical process
   based  on  the  law  of  chemical  combinations,  or the fact that, to
   produce  a  complete reaction, a certain definite weight of reagent is
   required. -- Ac`id*i*met"ric*al (#), a.

                                    Acidity

   A*cid"i*ty  (#),  n.  [L. acidites, fr. acidus: cf. F. acidit\'82. See
   Acid.] The quality of being sour; sourness; tartness; sharpness to the
   taste; as, the acidity of lemon juice.

                                    Acidly

   Ac"id*ly (#), adv. Sourly; tartly.

                                   Acidness

   Ac"id*ness (#), n. Acidity; sourness.

                                   Acidulate

   A*cid"u*late  (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acidulated (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Acidulating  (#).]  [Cf.  F. aciduler. See Acidulous.] To make sour or
   acid in a moderate degree; to sour somewhat. Arbuthnot.

                                   Acidulent

   A*cid"u*lent  (#),  a.  Having an acid quality; sour; acidulous. "With
   anxious, acidulent face." Carlyle.

                                   Acidulous

   A*cid"u*lous (#), a. [L. acidulus, dim. of acidus. See Acid.] Slightly
   sour;   sub-acid;  sourish;  as,  an  acidulous  tincture.  E.  Burke.
   Acidulous mineral waters, such as contain carbonic anhydride.

                                   Acierage

   Ac`i*er*age  (#), n. [F. aci\'82rage, fr. acier steel.] The process of
   coating  the  surface  of  a  metal plate (as a stereotype plate) with
   steellike iron by means of voltaic electricity; steeling.

                                    Aciform

   Ac"i*form (#), a. [L. acus needle + -form.] Shaped like a needle.

                                  Acinaceous

   Ac"i*na"ceous   (#),  a.  [L.  acinus  a  grape,  grapestone.]  (Bot.)
   Containing seeds or stones of grapes, or grains like them.

                                   Acinaces

   A*cin"a*ces (#), n. [L., from Gr. (Anc. Hist.) A short sword or saber.

                                  Acinaciform

   Ac`i*nac"i*form  (#),  a.  [L.  acinaces a short sword + -form: cf. F.
   acinaciforme.] (Bot.) Scimeter-shaped; as, an acinaciform leaf.

                                   Acinesia

   Ac`i*ne"si*a (#), n. (Med.) Same as Akinesia.

                                  Acinet\'91

   Ac`i*ne"t\'91  (#),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  group of
   suctorial  Infusoria,  which  in  the  adult stage are stationary. See
   Suctoria.

                                  Acinetiform

   Ac`i*net"i*form  (#),  a.  [Acinet\'91 + -form.] (Zo\'94l.) Resembling
   the Acinet\'91.

                                   Aciniform

   A*cin"i*form  (#),  a.  [L. acinus a grape, grapestone + -form: cf. F.
   acinoforme.]

   1. Having the form of a cluster of grapes; clustered like grapes.

   2. Full of small kernels like a grape.

                               Acinose, Acinous

   Ac"i*nose` (#), Ac"i*nous (#) a. [L. acinosus, fr. acinus grapestone.]
   Consisting  of  acini,  or minute granular concretions; as, acinose or
   acinous glands. Kirwan.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 16

                                    Acinus

   Ac"i*nus (#), n.; pl. Acini (#). [L., grape, grapestone.]

   1.  (Bot.) (a) One of the small grains or drupelets which make up some
   kinds of fruit, as the blackberry, raspberry, etc. (b) A grapestone.

   2.  (Anat.)  One of the granular masses which constitute a racemose or
   compound gland, as the pancreas; also, one of the saccular recesses in
   the lobules of a racemose gland. Quain.

                                   Acipenser

   Ac`i*pen"ser  (#),  n. [L., the name of a fish.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of
   ganoid  fishes,  including  the  sturgeons, having the body armed with
   bony  scales,  and  the  mouth  on  the  under  side  of the head. See
   Sturgeon.

                                    Aciurgy

   Ac"i*ur`gy (#), n. [Gr. Operative surgery.

                                    Acknow

   Ac*know" (#), v. t. [Pref. a- + know; AS. oncn\'bewan.]

   1. To recognize. [Obs.] "You will not be acknown, sir." B. Jonson.

   2. To acknowledge; to confess. [Obs.] Chaucer.
   To  be  acknown  (often  with  of  or on), to acknowledge; to confess.
   [Obs.]
   
     We say of a stubborn body that standeth still in the denying of his
     fault,  This man will not acknowledge his fault, or, He will not be
     acknown of his fault. Sir T. More.
     
                                  Acknowledge
                                       
   Ac*knowl"edge  (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acknowledged (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Acknowledging  (#).] [Prob. fr. pref. a- + the verb knowledge. See
   Knowledge, and ci. Acknow.]
   
   1.  To  of or admit the knowledge of; to recognize as a fact or truth;
   to declare one's belief in; as, to acknowledge the being of a God.
   
     I acknowledge my transgressions. Ps. li. 3.

     For ends generally acknowledged to be good. Macaulay.

   2.  To  own or recognize in a particular character or relationship; to
   admit the claims or authority of; to give recognition to.

     In all thy ways acknowledge Him. Prov. iii. 6.

     By my soul, I'll ne'er acknowledge thee. Shak.

   3.  To  own  with  gratitude  or as a benefit or an obligation; as, to
   acknowledge a favor, the receipt of a letter.

     They his gifts acknowledged none. Milton.

   4.  To own as genuine; to assent to, as a legal instrument, to give it
   validity;  to  avow  or admit in legal form; as, to acknowledgea deed.
   Syn.  --  To  avow;  proclaim;  recognize; own; admit; allow; concede;
   confess.  --  Acknowledge,  Recognize.  Acknowledge is opposed to keep
   back,  or  conceal,  and  supposes  that something had been previously
   known  to us (though perhaps not to others) which we now feel bound to
   lay  open  or make public. Thus, a man acknowledges a secret marriage;
   one who has done wrong acknowledges his fault; and author acknowledges
   his  obligation  to  those  who  have  aided  him;  we acknowledge our
   ignorance. Recognize supposes that we have either forgotten or not had
   the  evidence  of a thing distinctly before our minds, but that now we
   know  it  (as  it were) anew, or receive and admit in on the ground of
   the  evidence  it  brings.  Thus,  we  recognize a friend after a long
   absence.  We  recognize  facts,  principles,  truths, etc., when their
   evidence  is  brought  up  fresh  to  the  mind;  as,  bad men usually
   recognize  the  providence  of  God  in  seasons  of danger. A foreign
   minister,  consul,  or agent, of any kind, is recognized on the ground
   of his producing satisfactory credentials. See also Confess.

                                Acknowledgedly

   Ac*knowl"edged*ly (#), adv. Confessedly.

                                 Acknowledger

   Ac*knowl"edg*er (#), n. One who acknowledges.

                                Acknowledgment

   Ac*knowl"edg*ment (#), n.

   1.  The  act  of acknowledging; admission; avowal; owning; confession.
   "An acknowledgment of fault." Froude.

   2.  The  act  of  owning  or  recognized  in a particular character or
   relationship;  recognition as regards the existence, authority, truth,
   or genuineness.

     Immediately  upon  the  acknowledgment  of the Christian faith, the
     eunuch was baptized by Philip. Hooker.

   3. The owning of a benefit received; courteous recognition; expression
   of thanks. Shak.

   4.  Something  given  or  done  in  return  for a favor, message, etc.
   Smollett.

   5.  A  declaration  or  avowal  of  one's  own  act,  to give it legal
   validity;  as,  the  acknowledgment of a deed before a proper officer.
   Also, the certificate of the officer attesting such declaration.
   Acknowledgment money, in some parts of England, a sum paid by copyhold
   tenants,  on  the  death  of  their landlords, as an acknowledgment of
   their  new lords. Cowell. Syn. -- Confession; concession; recognition;
   admission; avowal; recognizance.

                                    Aclinic

   A*clin"ic  (#),  a. [Gr. (Physics.) Without inclination or dipping; --
   said  the magnetic needle balances itself horizontally, having no dip.
   The aclinic line is also termed the magnetic equator. Prof. August.

                                     Acme

   Ac"me (#), n. [Gr.

   1. The top or highest point; the culmination.

     The very acme and pitch of life for epic poetry. Pope.

     The  moment when a certain power reaches the acme of its supremacy.
     I. Taylor.

   2. (Med.) The crisis or height of a disease.

   3. Mature age; full bloom of life. B. Jonson.

                                     Acne

   Ac"ne  (#),  n.  [NL.,  prob.  a  corruption  of Gr. (Med.) A pustular
   affection of the skin, due to changes in the sebaceous glands.

                                    Acnodal

   Ac*no"dal (#), a. Pertaining to acnodes.

                                    Acnode

   Ac"node  (#), n. [L. acus needle + E. node.] (Geom.) An isolated point
   not upon a curve, but whose co\'94rdinates satisfy the equation of the
   curve so that it is considered as belonging to the curve.

                                     Acock

   A*cock" (#), adv. [Pref. a- + cock.] In a cocked or turned up fashion.

                                   Acockbill

   A*cock"bill`  (#),  adv.  [Prefix  a- + cock + bill: with bills cocked
   up.]  (Naut.)  (a)  Hanging  at  the  cathead,  ready to let go, as an
   anchor. (b) Topped up; having one yardarm higher than the other.

                                     Acold

   A*cold"  (#),  a. [Prob. p. p. of OE. acolen to grow cold or cool, AS.
   \'bec\'d3lian  to  grow  cold;  pref. a- (cf. Goth. er-, orig. meaning
   out)  + c\'d3lian to cool. See Cool.] Cold. [Obs.] "Poor Tom's acold."
   Shak.

                                   Acologic

   Ac`o*log"ic (#), a. Pertaining to acology.

                                    Acology

   A*col"o*gy  (#),  n.  [Gr.  -logy.]  Materia  medica;  the  science of
   remedies.

                                  Acolothist

   A*col"o*thist (#), n. See Acolythist.

                                  Acolyctine

   Ac`o*lyc"tine (#), n. [From the name of the plant.] (Chem.) An organic
   base,   in  the  form  of  a  white  powder,  obtained  from  Aconitum
   lycoctonum. Eng. Cyc.

                                    Acolyte

   Ac`o*lyte (#), n. [LL. acolythus, acoluthus, Gr. acolyte.]

   1.  (Eccl.)  One who has received the highest of the four minor orders
   in the Catholic church, being ordained to carry the wine and water and
   the lights at the Mass.

   2.  One  who  attends; an assistant. "With such chiefs, and with James
   and John as acolytes." Motley.

                                    Acolyth

   Ac"o*lyth (#), n. Same as Acolyte.

                                  Acolythist

   A*col"y*thist (#), n. An acolyte. [Obs.]

                            Aconddylose, Acondylous

   A*cond"dy*lose`  (#),  A*con"dy*lous  (#),  a. [Gr. (Nat. Hist.) Being
   without joints; jointless.

                                   Aconital

   Ac`o*ni"tal (#), a. Of the nature of aconite.

                                    Aconite

   Ac"o*nite (#), n. [L. aconitum, Gr. aconit.]

   1. (Bot.) The herb wolfsbane, or monkshood; -- applied to any plant of
   the  genus  Aconitum  (tribe  Hellebore), all the species of which are
   poisonous.

   2.  An  extract or tincture obtained from Aconitum napellus, used as a
   poison and medicinally.
   Winter aconite, a plant (Eranthis hyemalis) allied to the aconites.

                                   Aconitia

   Ac`o*ni"ti*a (#), n. (Chem.) Same as Aconitine.

                                   Aconitic

   Ac`o*nit"ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to aconite.

                                   Aconitine

   A*con"i*tine   (#),   n.  (Chem.)  An  intensely  poisonous  alkaloid,
   extracted from aconite.

                                   Aconitum

   Ac`o*ni"tum  (#),  n.  [L.  See  Aconite.] The poisonous herb aconite;
   also, an extract from it.

     Strong As aconitum or rash gunpowder. Shak.

                                    Acontia

   A*con"ti*a  (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Threadlike defensive
   organs,  composed  largely of nettling cells (cnid\'91), thrown out of
   the mouth or special pores of certain Actini\'91 when irritated.

                                   Acontias

   A*con"ti*as  (#),  n.  [NL.,  from  Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Anciently, a snake,
   called  dart  snake; now, one of a genus of reptiles closely allied to
   the lizards.

                                    Acopic

   A*cop"ic (#), a. [Gr. priv. + (Med.) Relieving weariness; restorative.

                                     Acorn

   A"corn (#), n. [AS. \'91cern, fr. \'91cer field, acre; akin to D. aker
   acorn,  Ger.  ecker,  Icel. akarn, Dan. agern, Goth. akran fruit, akrs
   field; -- orig. fruit of the field. See Acre.]

   1.  The  fruit of the oak, being an oval nut growing in a woody cup or
   cupule.

   2.  (Naut.)  A  cone-shaped  piece of wood on the point of the spindle
   above the vane, on the mast-head.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) See Acorn-shell.

                                   Acorn cup

   A"corn cup (#). The involucre or cup in which the acorn is fixed.

                                    Acorned

   A"corned (#), a.

   1. Furnished or loaded with acorns.

   2. Fed or filled with acorns. [R.] Shak.

                                  Acorn-shell

   A"corn-shell`  (#),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of  the sessile cirripeds; a
   barnacle of the genus Balanus. See Barnacle.

                                   Acosmism

   A*cos"mism  (#),  n. [Gr. A denial of the existence of the universe as
   distinct from God.

                                   Acosmist

   A*cos"mist (#), n. [See Acosmism.] One who denies the existence of the
   universe, or of a universe as distinct from God. G. H. Lewes.

                                  Acotyledon

   A*cot`y*le"don  (#; 277), n. [Gr. Cotyledon.] (Bot.) A plant which has
   no cotyledons, as the dodder and all flowerless plants.

                                 Acotyledonous

   A*cot`y*led"on*ous  (#;  277), a. Having no seed lobes, as the dodder;
   also  applied  to  plants  which have no true seeds, as ferns, mosses,
   etc.

                                    Acouchy

   A*cou"chy   (#),  n.  [F.  acouchi,  from  the  native  name  Guiana.]
   (Zo\'94l.) A small species of agouti (Dasyprocta acouchy).

                                   Acoumeter

   A*cou"me*ter  (#),  n.  [Gr.  -meter.]  (Physics.)  An  instrument for
   measuring the acuteness of the sense of hearing. Itard.

                                   Acoumetry

   A*cou"me*try  (#),  n.  [Gr.  -metry.]  The  measuring of the power or
   extent of hearing.

                                   Acoustic

   A*cous"tic (#; 277), a. [F. acoustique, Gr. Pertaining to the sense of
   hearing,  the  organs  of hearing, or the science of sounds; auditory.
   Acoustic  duct,  the auditory duct, or external passage of the ear. --
   Acoustic  telegraph,  a telegraph making audible signals; a telephone.
   -- Acoustic vessels, brazen tubes or vessels, shaped like a bell, used
   in  ancient  theaters  to  propel  the  voices of the actors, so as to
   render them audible to a great distance.

                                   Acoustic

   A*cous"tic, n. A medicine or agent to assist hearing.

                                  Acoustical

   A*cous"tic*al (#), a. Of or pertaining to acoustics.

                                 Acoustically

   A*cous"tic*al*ly  (#),  adv.  In  relation  to  sound  or  to hearing.
   Tyndall.

                                  Acoustician

   Ac`ous*ti"cian (#), n. One versed in acoustics. Tyndall.

                                   Acoustics

   A*cous"tics  (#;  277),  n. [Names of sciences in -ics, as, acoustics,
   mathematics,  etc.,  are  usually  treated  as  singular.  See  -ics.]
   (Physics.)  The  science  of sounds, teaching their nature, phenomena,
   and laws.

     Acoustics,  then,  or  the science of sound, is a very considerable
     branch of physics. Sir J. Herschel.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e sc ience is , by  so me wr iters, di vided, in to
     diacoustics,   which  explains  the  properties  of  sounds  coming
     directly  from the ear; and catacoustica, which treats of reflected
     sounds or echoes.

                                   Acquaint

   Ac*quaint"  (#),  a.  [OF.  acoint.  See  Acquaint, v. t.] Acquainted.
   [Obs.]

                                   Acquaint

   Ac*quaint",  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Acquainted;  p.  pr.  &  vb. n.
   Acquainting.]   [OE.   aqueinten,   acointen,   OF.   acointier,   LL.
   adcognitare, fr. L. ad + cognitus, p. p. of cognoscere to know; con- +
   noscere to know. See Quaint, Know.]

   1.  To  furnish  or  give  experimental knowledge of; to make (one) to
   know; to make familiar; -- followed by with.

     Before  a  man  can  speak  on  any  subject, it is necessary to be
     acquainted with it. Locke.

     A man of sorrows and acquainted with grief. Isa. liii. 3.

   2. To communicate notice to; to inform; to make cognizant; -- followed
   by  with  (formerly,  also,  by  of),  or  by  that,  introducing  the
   intelligence; as, to acquaint a friend with the particulars of an act.

     Acquaint her here of my son Paris' love. Shak.

     I  must  acquaint  you  that I have received New dated letters from
     Northumberland. Shak.

   3. To familiarize; to accustom. [Obs.] Evelyn.
   To be acquainted with, to be possessed of personal knowledge of; to be
   cognizant  of;  to  be  more  or less familiar with; to be on terms of
   social  intercourse  with.  Syn.  --  To inform; apprise; communicate;
   advise.

                                 Acquaintable

   Ac*quaint"a*ble  (#),  a.  [Cf. OF. acointable]. Easy to be acquainted
   with; affable. [Obs.] Rom. of R.

                                 Acquaintance

   Ac*quaint"ance   (#),   n.   [OE.  aqueintance,  OF.  acointance,  fr.
   acointier. See Acquaint.]

   1.  A  state  of being acquainted, or of having intimate, or more than
   slight   or  superficial,  knowledge;  personal  knowledge  gained  by
   intercourse  short  of  that of friendship or intimacy; as, I know the
   man; but have no acquaintance with him.

     Contract  no friendship, or even acquaintance, with a guileful man.
     Sir W. Jones.

   2. A person or persons with whom one is acquainted.

     Montgomery was an old acquaintance of Ferguson. Macaulay.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th is se nse th e collective term acquaintance was
     formerly both singular and plural, but it is now commonly singular,
     and has the regular plural acquaintances.

   To  be  of acquaintance, to be intimate. -- To take acquaintance of or
   with,  to  make  the  acquaintance  of.  [Obs.]  Syn.  -- Familiarity;
   intimacy;   fellowship;   knowledge.   --  Acquaintance,  Familiarity,
   Intimacy.  These  words  mark different degrees of closeness in social
   intercourse.  Acquaintance arises from occasional intercourse; as, our
   acquaintance  has  been  a  brief  one. We can speak of a slight or an
   intimate   acquaintance.   Familiarity  is  the  result  of  continued
   acquaintance. It springs from persons being frequently together, so as
   to  wear  off  all  restraint  and reserve; as, the familiarity of old
   companions. Intimacy is the result of close connection, and the freest
   interchange of thought; as, the intimacy of established friendship.

     Our admiration of a famous man lessens upon our nearer acquaintance
     with him. Addison.

     We  contract  at  last  such  a  familiarity  with them as makes it
     difficult and irksome for us to call off our minds. Atterbury.

     It is in our power to confine our friendships and intimacies to men
     of virtue. Rogers.

                               Acquaintanceship

   Ac*quaint"ance*ship,  n.  A  state  of being acquainted; acquaintance.
   Southey.

                                  Acquaintant

   Ac*quaint"ant (#), n. [Cf. F. acointant, p. pr.] An acquaintance. [R.]
   Swift.

                                  Acquainted

   Ac*quaint"ed,  a.  Personally  known;  familiar.  See To be acquainted
   with, under Acquaint, v. t.

                                Acquaintedness

   Ac*quaint"ed*ness,   n.   State   of   being   acquainted;  degree  of
   acquaintance. [R.] Boyle.

                                    Acquest

   Ac*quest"  (#),  n.  [OF.  aquest,  F.  acqu\'88t,  fr. LL. acquestum,
   acquis\'c6tum,  for  L.  acquis\'c6tum,  p. p. (used substantively) of
   acquirere to acquire. See Acquire.]

   1. Acquisition; the thing gained. [R.] Bacon.

   2.  (Law)  Property  acquired  by purchase, gift, or otherwise than by
   inheritance. Bouvier.

                                   Acquiesce

   Ac`qui*esce"  (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Acquiesced (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Acquiescing  (#)]  [L.  acquiescere;  ad  + quiescere to be quiet, fr.
   quies rest: cf. F. acquiescer. See Quiet.]

   1.  To  rest  satisfied,  or  apparently satisfied, or to rest without
   opposition  and  discontent  (usually  implying previous opposition or
   discontent); to accept or consent by silence or by omitting to object;
   -- followed by in, formerly also by with and to.

     They were compelled to acquiesce in a government which they did not
     regard as just. De Quincey.

   2.  To  concur  upon  conviction;  as,  to acquiesce in an opinion; to
   assent  to;  usually, to concur, not heartily but so far as to forbear
   opposition.  Syn. -- To submit; comply; yield; assent; agree; consent;
   accede; concur; conform; accept tacitly.

                                 Acquiescence

   Ac`qui*es"cence (#), n. [Cf. F. acquiescence.]

   1.  A  silent  or  passive  assent or submission, or a submission with
   apparent  content;  --  distinguished  from  avowed consent on the one
   hand,  and  on  the  other,  from opposition or open discontent; quiet
   satisfaction.

   2.  (Crim.  Law) (a) Submission to an injury by the party injured. (b)
   Tacit concurrence in the action of another. Wharton. p. 17

                                 Acquiescency

   Ac`qui*es"cen*cy   (#),   n.   The   quality   of  being  acquiescent;
   acquiescence.

                                  Acquiescent

   Ac`qui*es"cent  (#),  a. [L. acquiescens, -; p. pr.] Resting satisfied
   or   submissive;   disposed  tacitly  to  submit;  assentive;  as,  an
   acquiescent policy.

                                 Acquiescently

   Ac`qui*es"cent*ly, adv. In an acquiescent manner.

                                    Acquiet

   Ac*qui"et  (#),  v.  t. [LL. acquietare; L. ad + quies rest. See Quiet
   and cf. Acquit.] To quiet. [Obs.]

     Acquiet  his  mind from stirring you against your own peace. Sir A.
     Sherley.

                                 Acquirability

     Ac*quir"a*bil"i*ty   (#),  n.  The  quality  of  being  acquirable;
     attainableness. [R.] Paley.

                                  Acquirable

     Ac*quir"a*ble (#), a. Capable of being acquired.

                                    Acquire

     Ac*quire"  (#),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Acquired (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
     Acquiring  (#).]  [L.  acquirere,  acquisitum; ad + quarere to seek
     for.  In OE. was a verb aqueren, fr. the same, through OF. aquerre.
     See  Quest..]  To  gain,  usually by one's own exertions; to get as
     one's  own;  as, to acquire a title, riches, knowledge, skill, good
     or bad habits.

     No virtue is acquired in an instant, but step by step. Barrow.

     Descent  is  the title whereby a man, on the death of his ancestor,
     acquires  his  estate,  by  right of representation, as his heir at
     law. Blackstone.

     Syn.  --  To  obtain; gain; attain; procure; win; earn; secure. See
     Obtain.

                                  Acquirement

     Ac*quire"ment  (#),  n.  The  act  of  acquiring,  or that which is
     acquired;  attainment.  "Rules  for  the  acquirement  of a taste."
     Addison.

     His  acquirements  by  industry were . . . enriched and enlarged by
     many excellent endowments of nature. Hayward.

     Syn. -- Acquisition, Acquirement. Acquirement is used in opposition
     to  a natural gift or talent; as, eloquence, and skill in music and
     painting,  are  acquirements;  genius  is  the gift or endowment of
     nature.  It  denotes especially personal attainments, in opposition
     to  material  or  external  things  gained,  which are more usually
     called acquisitions; but this distinction is not always observed.

                                   Acquirer

     Ac*quir"er (#), n. A person who acquires.

                                    Acquiry

     Ac*quir"y (#), n. Acquirement. [Obs.] Barrow.

                                   Acquisite

     Ac"qui*site  (#),  a.  [L.  acquisitus,  p.  p.  of  acquirere. See
     Acquire.] Acquired. [Obs.] Burton.

                                  Acquisition

     Ac`qui*si"tion  (#),  n.  [L.  acquisitio,  fr.  acquirere:  cf. F.
     acquisition. See Acquire.]

     1. The act or process of acquiring.

     The acquisition or loss of a province. Macaulay.

     2.  The  thing  acquired  or  gained;  an  acquirement; a gain; as,
     learning is an acquisition. Syn. -- See Acquirement.

                                  Acquisitive

     Ac*quis"i*tive (#), a.

     1. Acquired. [Obs.]

     He died not in his acquisitive, but in his native soil. Wotton.

     2.  Able  or  disposed  to  make  acquisitions;  acquiring;  as, an
     acquisitive person or disposition.

                                 Acquisitively

     Ac*quis"i*tive*ly, adv. In the way of acquisition.

                                Acquisitiveness

     Ac*quis"i*tive*ness, n.

     1.   The  quality  of  being  acquisitive;  propensity  to  acquire
     property; desire of possession.

     2.  (Phren.)  The  faculty to which the phrenologists attribute the
     desire of acquiring and possessing. Combe.

                                  Acquisitor

     Ac*quis"i*tor (#), n. One who acquires.

                                    Acquist

     Ac*quist" (#), n. [Cf. Acquest.] Acquisition; gain. Milton.

                                    Acquit

     Ac*quit" (#), p. p. Acquitted; set free; rid of. [Archaic] Shak.

                                    Acquit

     Ac*quit",  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Acquitted;  p.  pr.  &  vb. n.
     Acquitting.] [OE. aquiten, OF. aquiter, F. acquitter; (L. ad) + OF.
     quiter, F. quitter, to quit. See Quit, and cf. Acquiet.]

     1.  To  discharge, as a claim or debt; to clear off; to pay off; to
     requite.

     A responsibility that can never be absolutely acquitted. I. Taylor.

     2. To pay for; to atone for. [Obs.] Shak.

     3.  To  set  free,  release  or discharge from an obligation, duty,
     liability, burden, or from an accusation or charge; -- now followed
     by  of  before the charge, formerly by from; as, the jury acquitted
     the prisoner; we acquit a man of evil intentions.

     4.  Reflexively:  (a) To clear one's self.k. (b) To bear or conduct
     one's  self;  to  perform  one's  part;  as,  the soldier acquitted
     himself  well  in battle; the orator acquitted himself very poorly.
     Syn.   --  To  absolve;  clear;  exonerate;  exonerate;  exculpate;
     release; discharge. See Absolve.

                                  Acquitment

     Ac*quit"ment  (#),  n.  [Cf.  OF.  aquitement.]  Acquittal.  [Obs.]
     Milton.

                                   Acquittal

     Ac*quit"tal (#), n.

     1.  The  act  of  acquitting;  discharge  from  debt or obligation;
     acquittance.

     2.  (Law)  A  setting  free,  or  deliverance from the charge of an
     offense, by verdict of a jury or sentence of a court. Bouvier.

                                  Acquittance

     Ac*quit"tance (#), n. [OF. aquitance, fr. aquiter. See Acquit.]

     1.  The  clearing off of debt or obligation; a release or discharge
     from debt or other liability.

     2.  A  writing which is evidence of a discharge; a receipt in full,
     which bars a further demand.

     You can produce acquittances For such a sum, from special officers.
     Shak.

                                  Acquittance

     Ac*quit"tance, v. t. To acquit. [Obs.] Shak.

                                   Acquitter

     Ac*quit"ter (#), n. One who acquits or releases.

                                    Acrania

     A*cra"ni*a (#), n. [NL., from Gr.

     1. (Physiol.) Partial or total absence of the skull.

     2.  pl.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  lowest group of Vertebrata, including the
     amphioxus, in which no skull exists.

                                   Acranial

     A*cra"ni*al (#), a. Wanting a skull.

                                Acrase, Acraze

     A*crase",  A*craze"  (#),  v.  t.  [Pref.  a-  +  crase;  or cf. F.
     \'82craser to crush. See Crase, Craze.]

     1. To craze. [Obs.] Grafton.

     2. To impair; to destroy. [Obs.] Hacket.

                                Acrasia, Acrasy

     A*cra"si*a   (#),   Ac"ra*sy   (#)   n.   [Gr.   akrasia.]  Excess;
     intemperance. [Obs. except in Med.] Farindon.

                                   Acraspeda

     A*cras"pe*da  (#),  n.  pl.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) A group of
     acalephs, including most of the larger jellyfishes; the Discophora.

                                     Acre

     A"cre  (#),  n.  [OE.  aker,  AS.  \'91cer; akin to OS. accar, OHG.
     achar,  Ger.  acker, Icel. akr, Sw. \'86ker, Dan. ager, Goth. akrs,
     L. ager, Gr. ajra. \'fb2, 206.]

     1. Any field of arable or pasture land. [Obs.]

     2.  A  piece  of  land, containing 160 square rods, or 4,840 square
     yards,  or  43,560  square  feet. This is the English statute acre.
     That  of  the  United States is the same. The Scotch acre was about
     1.26 of the English, and the Irish 1.62 of the English.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e acre was limited to its present definite quantity
     by statutes of Edward I., Edward III., and Henry VIII.

   Broad  acres,  many  acres,  much landed estate. [Rhetorical] -- God's
   acre, God's field; the churchyard.

     I  like  that  ancient Saxon phrase, which calls The burial ground,
     God's acre. Longfellow.

                                   Acreable

   A"cre*a*ble (#), a. Of an acre; per acre; as, the acreable produce.

                                    Acreage

   A"cre*age  (#),  n. Acres collectively; as, the acreage of a farm or a
   country.

                                     Acred

   A"cred  (#),  a.  Possessing  acres  or  landed  property;  -- used in
   composition; as, large-acred men.

                                     Acrid

   Ac"rid  (#), a. [L. acer sharp; prob. assimilated in form to acid. See
   Eager.]

   1.  Sharp  and  harsh,  or  bitter and not, to the taste; pungent; as,
   acrid salts.

   2. Causing heat and irritation; corrosive; as, acrid secretions.

   3.  Caustic;  bitter;  bitterly  irritating;  as,  acrid temper, mind,
   writing.
   Acrid  poison,  a poison which irritates, corrodes, or burns the parts
   to which it is applied.

                              Acridity, Acridness

   A*crid"i*ty  (#),  Ac"rid*ness  (#)  n.  The quality of being acrid or
   pungent;  irritant  bitterness; acrimony; as, the acridity of a plant,
   of a speech.

                                    Acridly

   Ac"rid*ly (#), adv. In an acid manner.

                                  Acrimonious

   Ac"ri*mo"ni*ous (#), a. [Cf. LL. acrimonious, F. acrimonieux.]

   1. Acrid; corrosive; as, acrimonious gall. [Archaic] Harvey.

   2.  Caustic;  bitter-tempered'  sarcastic;  as,  acrimonious  dispute,
   language, temper.

                                 Acrimoniously

   Ac`ri*mo"ni*ous*ly, adv. In an acrimonious manner.

                                Acrimoniousness

   Ac`ri*mo"ni*ous*ness,  n.  The quality of being acrimonious; asperity;
   acrimony.

                                   Acrimony

   Ac"ri*mo*ny  (#),  n.;  pl.  Acrimonies  (#). [L. acrimonia, fr. acer,
   sharp: cf. F. acrimonie.]

   1.  A  quality  of  bodies  which corrodes or destroys others; also, a
   harsh  or  biting sharpness; as, the acrimony of the juices of certain
   plants. [Archaic] Bacon.

   2.  Sharpness  or  severity,  as  of  language  or  temper; irritating
   bitterness of disposition or manners.

     John  the Baptist set himself with much acrimony and indignation to
     baffle this senseless arrogant conceit of theirs. South.

   Syn.  --  Acrimony, Asperity, Harshness, Tartness. These words express
   different degrees of angry feeling or language. Asperity and harshness
   arise from angry feelings, connected with a disregard for the feelings
   of  others.  Harshness  usually  denotes needless severity or an undue
   measure  of  severity.  Acrimony  is a biting sharpness produced by an
   imbittered  spirit.  Tartness denotes slight asperity and implies some
   degree  of  intellectual  readiness.  Tartness  of reply; harshness of
   accusation; acrimony of invective.

     In  his  official  letters  he  expressed, with great acrimony, his
     contempt for the king's character. Macaulay.

     It  is no very cynical asperity not to confess obligations where no
     benefit has been received. Johnson.

     A  just  reverence  of mankind prevents the growth of harshness and
     brutality. Shaftesbury.

                                Acrisia, Acrisy

   A*cris"i*a (#), Ac"ri*sy (#), n. [LL. acrisia, Gr.

   1. Inability to judge.

   2. (Med.) Undecided character of a disease. [Obs.]

                                    Acrita

   Ac"ri*ta  (#),  n.  pl. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The lowest groups of
   animals, in which no nervous system has been observed.

                                    Acritan

   Ac"ri*tan  (#), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Acrita. -- n. An
   individual of the Acrita.

                                    Acrite

   Ac"rite (#), a. (Zo\'94l.) Acritan. Owen.

                                   Acritical

   A*crit"ic*al   (#),  a.  [Gr.  (Med.)  Having  no  crisis;  giving  no
   indications of a crisis; as, acritical symptoms, an acritical abscess.

                                Acritochromacy

   Ac`ri*to*chro"ma*cy (#), n. [Gr. Color blindness; achromatopsy.

                                   Acritude

   Ac"ri*tude  (#), n. [L. acritudo, from acer sharp.] Acridity; pungency
   joined with heat. [Obs.]

                                    Acrity

   Ac"ri*ty  (#),  n.  [L. acritas, fr. acer sharp: cf. F. \'83cret\'82.]
   Sharpness; keenness. [Obs.]

                           Acroamatic, Acroamatical

   Ac`ro*a*mat"ic   (#),  Ac`ro*a*mat"ic*al  (#),  a.  [Gr.  Communicated
   orally; oral; -- applied to the esoteric teachings of Aristotle, those
   intended  for  his genuine disciples, in distinction from his exoteric
   doctrines,  which  were  adapted to outsiders or the public generally.
   Hence: Abstruse; profound.

                                   Acroatic

   Ac`ro*at"ic (#), a. [Gr. Same as Acroamatic.

                                    Acrobat

   Ac"ro*bat  (#),  n.  [F.  acrobate,  fr.  Gr.  One  who practices rope
   dancing, high vaulting, or other daring gymnastic feats.

                                   Acrobatic

   Ac`ro*bat"ic  (#),  a. [Cf. F. acrobatique.] Pertaining to an acrobat.
   -- Ac`ro*bat"ic*al*ly, adv.

                                  Acrobatism

   Ac"ro*bat*ism  (#),  n.  Feats of the acrobat; daring gymnastic feats;
   high vaulting.

                                  Acrocarpous

   Ac`ro*car"pous   (#),   a.   [Gr.   (Bot.)   (a)   Having  a  terminal
   fructification;  having  the fruit at the end of the stalk. (b) Having
   the fruit stalks at the end of a leafy stem, as in certain mosses.

                                 Acrocephalic

   Ac`ro*ce*phal"ic  (#),  a.  [Gr.  Cephalic.]  Characterized  by a high
   skull.

                                  Acrocephaly

   Ac`ro*ceph"a*ly (#), n. Loftiness of skull.

                                 Acroceraunian

   Ac`ro*ce*rau"ni*an (#), a. [L. acroceraunius, fr. Gr. Of or pertaining
   to  the  high  mountain range of "thunder-smitten" peaks (now Kimara),
   between Epirus and Macedonia. Shelley.

                                 Acrodactylum

   Ac`ro*dac"tyl*um  (#),  n. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The upper surface
   of the toes, individually.

                                   Acrodont

   Ac"ro*dont  (#),  n.  [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) One of a group of lizards having
   the  teeth immovably united to the top of the alveolar ridge. -- a. Of
   or pertaining to the acrodonts.

                                    Acrogen

   Ac"ro*gen (#), n. [Gr. -gen.]

                                    Acrogen

   Ac"ro*gen  (#),  n. [Gr. -gen.] (Bot.) A plant of the highest class of
   cryptograms,  including  the  ferns,  etc. See Cryptogamia. The Age of
   Acrogens (Geol.), the age of coal plants, or the carboniferous era.

                                  Acrogenous

   Ac*rog"e*nous  (#), a. (Bot.) Increasing by growth from the extremity;
   as, an acrogenous plant.

                                   Acrolein

   A*cro"le*in  (#),  n.  [L.  acer sharp + ol\'c7re to smell.] (Chem.) A
   limpid, colorless, highly volatile liquid, obtained by the dehydration
   of   glycerin,   or  the  destructive  distillation  of  neutral  fats
   containing glycerin. Its vapors are intensely irritating. Watts.

                                   Acrolith

   Ac"ro*lith  (#),  n.  [L.  acrolthus, Gr. with the ends made of stone;
   (Arch.  &  Sculp.)  A statue whose extremities are of stone, the trunk
   being generally of wood. Elmes.

                            Acrolithan, Acrolithic

   A*crol"i*than  (#),  Ac`ro*lith"ic  (#), a. Pertaining to, or like, an
   acrolith.

                                  Acromegaly

   Ac`ro*meg"a*ly  (#),  n.  [NL.  acromegalia,  fr.  Gr.  (Med.) Chronic
   enlargement of the extremities and face.

                                   Acromial

   A*cro"mi*al (#), a. [Cf. F. acromial.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the
   acromion. Dunglison.

                                   Acromion

   A*cro"mi*on (#), n. [Gr. acromion.] (Anat.) The outer extremity of the
   shoulder blade.

                               Acromonogrammatic

   Ac`ro*mon`o*gram*mat"ic  (#), a. [Gr. Having each verse begin with the
   same letter as that with which the preceding verse ends.

                              Acronyc, Acronychal

   A*cron"yc  (#),  A*cron"ych*al (#), a. [Gr. (Astron.) Rising at sunset
   and setting at sunrise, as a star; -- opposed to cosmical.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e wo rd is sometimes incorrectly written acronical,
     achronychal, acronichal, and acronical.

                                  Acronycally

   A*cron"yc*al*ly,  adv. In an acronycal manner as rising at the setting
   of the sun, and vise vers\'83.

                                  Acronyctous

   Ac"ro*nyc"tous (#), a. [Gr. (Astron.) Acronycal.

                                    Acrook

   A*crook" (#), adv. Crookedly. [R.] Udall.

                                   Acropetal

   A*crop"e*tal  (#),  a.  [Gr.  petere  to seek.] (Bot.) Developing from
   below  towards the apex, or from the circumference towards the center;
   centripetal; -- said of certain inflorescence.

                                  Achrophony

   A*chroph"o*ny (#), n. [Gr. The use of a picture symbol of an object to
   represent phonetically the initial sound of the name of the object.

                                  Acropodium

   Ac`ro*po"di*um (#), n. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The entire upper surface of the
   foot.

                                   Acropolis

   A*crop"o*lis (#), n. [Gr. The upper part, or the citadel, of a Grecian
   city; especially, the citadel of Athens.

                                  Acropolitan

   Ac"ro*pol"i*tan (#), a. Pertaining to an acropolis.

                                   Acrospire

   Ac"ro*spire  (#),  n. [Gr. (Bot.) The sprout at the end of a seed when
   it  begins to germinate; the plumule in germination; -- so called from
   its spiral form.

                                   Acrospire

   Ac"ro*spire, v. i. To put forth the first sprout.

                                   Acrospore

   Ac"ro*spore  (#), n. [Gr. (Bot.) A spore borne at the extremity of the
   cells of fructification in fungi.

                                  Acrosporous

   Ac"ro*spor"ous (#), a. Having acrospores.

                                    Across

   A*cross"  (#;  115),  prep.  [Pref.  a-  + cross: cf. F. en croix. See
   Cross,  n.]  From  side to side; athwart; crosswise, or in a direction
   opposed  to  the length; quite over; as, a bridge laid across a river.
   Dryden. To come across, to come upon or meet incidentally. Freeman. --
   To  go  across  the  country, to go by a direct course across a region
   without following the roads.

                                    Across

   A*cross", adv.

   1. From side to side; crosswise; as, with arms folded across. Shak.

   2. Obliquely; athwart; amiss; awry. [Obs.]

     The squint-eyed Pharisees look across at all the actions of Christ.
     Bp. Hall.

                                   Acrostic

   A*cros"tic (#) (#), n. [Gr.

   1.  A  composition,  usually  in verse, in which the first or the last
   letters of the lines, or certain other letters, taken in order, form a
   name, word, phrase, or motto.

   2.  A Hebrew poem in which the lines or stanzas begin with the letters
   of the alphabet in regular order (as Psalm cxix.). See Abecedarian.
   Double acrostic, a species of enigma<-- crossword puzzle -->, in which
   words  are  to  be  guessed whose initial and final letters form other
   words.

                              Acrostic, Acrostial

   A*cros"tic  (#),  A*cros"ti*al (#), n. Pertaining to, or characterized
   by, acrostics.

                                 Acrostically

   A*cros"tic*al*ly, adv. After the manner of an acrostic.

                                  Acrotarsium

   Ac`ro*tar"si*um  (#), n. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The instep or front
   of the tarsus. <-- p. 18 -->

                                 Acroteleutic

   Ac`ro*te*leu"tic  (#),  n. [Gr. (Eccles.) The end of a verse or psalm,
   or  something  added  thereto,  to  be sung by the people, by way of a
   response.

                                    Acroter

   Ac"ro*ter  (#),  n.  [F. acrot\'8are. See Acroterium.] (Arch.) Same as
   Acroterium.

                                  Acroterial

   Ac`ro*te"ri*al  (#), a. Pertaining to an acroterium; as, ornaments. P.
   Cyc.

                                  Acroterium

   Ac`ro*te`ri*um  (#),  n.; pl. Acrotplwia (#). [L., fr. Gr. (Arch.) (a)
   One  of the small pedestals, for statues or other ornaments, placed on
   the  apex  and  at  the basal angles of a pediment. Acroteria are also
   sometimes placed upon the gables in Gothic architecture. J. H. Parker.
   (b)  One  of  the pedestals, for vases or statues, forming a part roof
   balustrade.

                                    Acrotic

   A*crot"ic (#), a. [Gr. (Med.) Pertaining to or affecting the surface.

                                   Acrotism

   Ac"ro*tism (#), n. [Gr. (Med.) Lack or defect of pulsation.

                                  Acrotomous

   A*crot"o*mous  (#), a. [Gr. (Min.) Having a cleavage parallel with the
   base.

                                    Acrylic

   A*cryl"ic  (#),  a.  (Chem.)  Of or containing acryl, the hypothetical
   radical of which acrolein is the hydride; as, acrylic acid.

                                      Act

   Act  (#),  n.  [L.  actus,  fr.  agere  to drive, do: cf. F. acte. See
   Agent.]

   1.  That which is done or doing; the exercise of power, or the effect,
   of which power exerted is the cause; a performance; a deed.

     That  best  portion  of  a  good  man's life, His little, nameless,
     unremembered acts Of kindness and of love. Wordsworth.

   Hence,  in  specific  uses: (a) The result of public deliberation; the
   decision  or  determination  of  a legislative body, council, court of
   justice,  etc.;  a decree, edit, law, judgment, resolve, award; as, an
   act  of  Parliament,  or  of  Congress.  (b)  A formal solemn writing,
   expressing  that something has been done. Abbott. (c) A performance of
   part  of  a play; one of the principal divisions of a play or dramatic
   work  in which a certain definite part of the action is completed. (d)
   A  thesis  maintained  in  public,  in some English universities, by a
   candidate for a degree, or to show the proficiency of a student.

   2. A state of reality or real existence as opposed to a possibility or
   possible existence. [Obs.]

     The  seeds  of  plants are not at first in act, but in possibility,
     what they afterward grow to be. Hooker.

   3.  Process  of doing; action. In act, in the very doing; on the point
   of (doing). "In act to shoot." Dryden.

     This woman was taken . . . in the very act. John viii. 4.

   Act  of attainder. (Law) See Attainder. -- Act of bankruptcy (Law), an
   act of a debtor which renders him liable to be adjudged a bankrupt. --
   Act  of  faith. (Ch. Hist.) See Auto-da-F\'82. -- Act of God (Law), an
   inevitable  accident;  such  extraordinary  interruption  of the usual
   course  of  events  as is not to be looked for in advance, and against
   which  ordinary  prudence  could  not  guard.  --  Act  of  grace,  an
   expression  often used to designate an act declaring pardon or amnesty
   to  numerous  offenders, as at the beginning of a new reign. -- Act of
   indemnity,  a  statute  passed  for  the  protection of those who have
   committed  some  illegal  act subjecting them to penalties. Abbott. --
   Act  in  pais,  a thing done out of court (anciently, in the country),
   and not a matter of record. Syn. -- See Action.
   
                                      Act
                                       
   Act, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acted; p. pr. & vb. n. Acting.] [L. actus, p.
   p. of agere to drive, lead, do; but influenced by E. act, n.] 

   1. To move to action; to actuate; to animate. [Obs.]

     Self-love, the spring of motion, acts the soul. Pope.

   2. To perform; to execute; to do. [Archaic]

     That  we act our temporal affairs with a desire no greater than our
     necessity. Jer. Taylor.

     Industry  doth  beget  by  producing  good  habits, and facility of
     acting things expedient for us to do. Barrow.

     Uplifted hands that at convenient times Could act extortion and the
     worst of crimes. Cowper.

   3. To perform, as an actor; to represent dramatically on the stage.

   4. To assume the office or character of; to play; to personate; as, to
   act the hero.

   5. To feign or counterfeit; to simulate.

     With acted fear the villain thus pursued. Dryden.

   To act a part, to sustain the part of one of the characters in a play;
   hence,  to  simulate; to dissemble. -- To act the part of, to take the
   character of; to fulfill the duties of.

                                      Act

   Act, v. i.

   1.  To  exert  power;  to produce an effect; as, the stomach acts upon
   food.

   2.  To  perform actions; to fulfill functions; to put forth energy; to
   move,  as  opposed  to  remaining  at  rest;  to  carry  into effect a
   determination of the will.

     He hangs between, in doubt to act or rest. Pope.

   3.  To  behave  or  conduct,  as  in morals, private duties, or public
   offices;  to  bear  or  deport  one's self; as, we know not why he has
   acted so.

   4. To perform on the stage; to represent a character.

     To show the world how Garrick did not act. Cowper.

   To  act  as  OR  for, to do the work of; to serve as. -- To act on, to
   regulate  one's  conduct  according  to.  -- To act up to, to equal in
   action;  to fulfill in practice; as, he has acted up to his engagement
   or his advantages.<-- to act up, to misbehave -->

                                    Actable

   Act"a*ble (#), a. Capable of being acted. Tennyson.

                                    Actinal

   Ac"ti*nal  (#), a. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Pertaining to the part of a radiate
   animal which contains the mouth. L. Agassiz.

                                   Actinaria

   Ac`ti*na"ri*a  (#),  n. pl. [NL., from Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A large division
   of  Anthozoa,  including  those which have simple tentacles and do not
   form  stony  corals.  Sometimes,  in a wider sense, applied to all the
   Anthozoa, expert the Alcyonaria, whether forming corals or not.

                                    Acting

   Act"ing (#), a.

   1. Operating in any way.

   2. Doing duty for another; officiating; as, an superintendent.

                                    Actinia

   Ac*tin"i*a (#), n.; pl. L. Actini\'91 (#), E. Actinias (#). [Latinized
   fr.  Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  An animal of the class Anthozoa, and family
   Actinid\'91. From a resemblance to flowers in form and color, they are
   often  called  animal  flowers  and  sea anemones. [See Polyp.]. (b) A
   genus in the family Actinid\'91.

                                    Actinic

   Ac*tin"ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to actinism; as, actinic rays.

                                  Actiniform

   Ac*tin"i*form  (#), a. [Gr. -form.] Having a radiated form, like a sea
   anemone.

                                   Actinism

   Ac"tin*ism  (#), n. [Gr. The property of radiant energy (found chiefly
   in solar or electric light) by which chemical changes are produced, as
   in photography.

                                   Actinium

   Ac*tin"i*um  (#), n. [Gr. (Chem.) A supposed metal, said by Phipson to
   be  contained  in commercial zinc; -- so called because certain of its
   compounds are darkened by exposure to light.

                               Actino-chemistry

   Ac`ti*no-chem"is*try  (#),  n. Chemistry in its relations to actinism.
   Draper.

                                  Actinograph

   Ac*tin"o*graph  (#),  n. [Gr. -graph.] An instrument for measuring and
   recording  the  variations in the actinic or chemical force of rays of
   light. Nichol.

                                   Actinoid

   Ac"tin*oid  (#),  a. [Gr. -oid.] Having the form of rays; radiated, as
   an actinia.

                                  Actinolite

   Ac*tin"o*lite  (#),  n.  [Gr. -lite.] (Min.) A bright green variety of
   amphibole occurring usually in fibrous or columnar masses.

                                  Actinolitic

   Ac`tin*o*lit"ic  (#),  a.  (Min.)  Of  the  nature  of, or containing,
   actinolite.

                                  Actinology

   Ac`ti*nol"o*gy  (#),  n. [Gr. -logy.] The science which treats of rays
   of light, especially of the actinic or chemical rays.

                                  Actinomere

   Ac*tin"o*mere  (#),  n.  [Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  One  of the radial segments
   composing the body of one of the C\'d2lenterata.

                                  Actinometer

   Ac`ti*nom"e*ter  (#),  n. [Gr. -meter] (a) An instrument for measuring
   the  direct  heating  power  of  the sun's rays. (b) An instrument for
   measuring the actinic effect of rays of light.

                                 Actinometric

   Ac`ti*no*met"ric   (#),  a.  Pertaining  to  the  measurement  of  the
   intensity of the solar rays, either (a) heating, or (b) actinic.

                                  Actinometry

   Ac`ti*nom"e*try (#), n.

   1. The measurement of the force of solar radiation. Maury.

   2. The measurement of the chemical or actinic energy of light. Abney.

                                 Actinophorous

   Ac`ti*noph"o*rous (#), a. [Gr. Having straight projecting spines.

                                  Actinosome

   Ac*tin"o*some   (#),   n.   [Gr.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  entire  body  of  a
   c\'d2lenterate.

                                   Actinost

   Ac"tin*ost  (#),  n.  [Gr.  (Anat.)  One of the bones at the base of a
   paired fin of a fish.

                                  Actinostome

   Ac*tin"o*stome  (#),  n. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) The mouth or anterior opening
   of a c\'d2lenterate animal.

                                 Actinotrocha

   Ac`ti*not"ro*cha  (#),  n.  pl. [NL.; Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A peculiar larval
   form of Phoronis, a genus of marine worms, having a circle of ciliated
   tentacles.

                                   Actinozoa

   Ac"ti*no*zo"a  (#),  n. pl. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A group of C\'d2lenterata,
   comprising  the Anthozoa Ctenophora. The sea anemone, or actinia, is a
   familiar example.

                                  Actinozoal

   Ac`ti*no*zo"al (#), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Actinozoa.

                                 Actinozo\'94n

   Ac"ti*no*zo"\'94n (#), n. (Zo\'94l.) One of the Actinozoa.

                                   Actinula

   Ac*tin"u*la  (#),  n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A kind of embryo of
   certain hydroids (Tubularia), having a stellate form.

                                    Action

   Ac"tion (#), n. [OF. action, L. actio, fr. agere to do. See Act.]

   1. A process or condition of acting or moving, as opposed to rest; the
   doing  of something; exertion of power or force, as when one body acts
   on  another;  the  effect  of  power  exerted  on one body by another;
   agency; activity; operation; as, the action of heat; a man of action.

     One wise in council, one in action brave. Pope.

   2. An act; a thing done; a deed; an enterprise. (pl.): Habitual deeds;
   hence, conduct; behavior; demeanor.

     The  Lord is a Good of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed. 1
     Sam. ii. 3.

   3.  The event or connected series of events, either real or imaginary,
   forming  the  subject  of  a  play,  poem,  or  other composition; the
   unfolding of the drama of events.

   4. Movement; as, the horse has a spirited action.

   5. (Mech.) Effective motion; also, mechanism; as, the breech action of
   a gun.

   6. (Physiol.) Any one of the active processes going on in an organism;
   the  performance  of  a  function;  as,  the  action of the heart, the
   muscles, or the gastric juice.

   7.  (Orat.)  Gesticulation; the external deportment of the speaker, or
   the  suiting of his attitude, voice, gestures, and countenance, to the
   subject, or to the feelings.

   8.  (Paint. & Sculp.) The attitude or position of the several parts of
   the body as expressive of the sentiment or passion depicted.

   9.  (Law)  (a) A suit or process, by which a demand is made of a right
   in a court of justice; in a broad sense, a judicial proceeding for the
   enforcement  or  protection of a right, the redress or prevention of a
   wrong,  or  the punishment of a public offense. (b) A right of action;
   as, the law gives an action for every claim.

   10. (Com.)A share in the capital stock of a joint-stock company, or in
   the  public  funds;  hence,  in  the  plural, equivalent to stocks. [A
   Gallicism] [Obs.]

     The Euripus of funds and actions. Burke.

   11.  An  engagement between troops in war, whether on land or water; a
   battle; a fight; as, a general action, a partial action.

   12.  (Music)  The mechanical contrivance by means of which the impulse
   of  the  player's finger is transmitted to the strings of a pianoforte
   or to the valve of an organ pipe. Grove.
   Chose in action. (Law) See Chose. -- Quantity of action (Physics), the
   product  of  the  mass of a body by the space it runs through, and its
   velocity.  Syn.  --  Action,  Act.  In  many  cases action and act are
   synonymous;  but  some  distinction is observable. Action involves the
   mode  or  process  of  acting, and is usually viewed as occupying some
   time  in doing. Act has more reference to the effect, or the operation
   as complete.

     To poke the fire is an act, to reconcile friends who have quarreled
     is a praiseworthy action. C. J. Smith.

                                  Actionable

   Ac"tion*a*ble  (#), a. [Cf. LL. actionabilis. See Action.] That may be
   the  subject of an action or suit at law; as, to call a man a thief is
   actionable.

                                  Actionably

   Ac"tion*a*bly, adv. In an actionable manner.

                             Actionary, Actionist

   Ac"tion*a*ry  (#),  Ac"tion*ist (#), n. [Cf. F. actionnaire.] (Com.) A
   shareholder in joint-stock company. [Obs.]

                                  Actionless

   Ac"tion*less, a. Void of action.

                                   Activate

   Ac"ti*vate (#), v. t. To make active. [Obs.]

                                    Active

   Ac"tive (#), a. [F. actif, L. activus, fr. agere to act.]

   1.   Having   the   power   or  quality  of  acting;  causing  change;
   communicating  action  or  motion; acting; -- opposed to passive, that
   receives; as, certain active principles; the powers of the mind.

   2.  Quick in physical movement; of an agile and vigorous body; nimble;
   as, an active child or animal.

     Active and nervous was his gait. Wordsworth.

   3.  In  action;  actually proceeding; working; in force; -- opposed to
   quiescent,  dormant,  or extinct; as, active laws; active hostilities;
   an active volcano.

   4. Given to action; constantly engaged in action; energetic; diligent;
   busy;  -- opposed to dull, sluggish, indolent, or inert; as, an active
   man of business; active mind; active zeal.

   5.  Requiring  or implying action or exertion; -- opposed to sedentary
   or to tranquil; as, active employment or service; active scenes.

   6. Given to action rather than contemplation; practical; operative; --
   opposed  to  speculative  or  theoretical; as, an active rather than a
   speculative statesman.

   7. Brisk; lively; as, an active demand for corn.

   8.  Implying  or  producing  rapid  action;  as, an active disease; an
   active remedy.

   9.  (Gram.)  (a) Applied to a form of the verb; -- opposed to passive.
   See  Active voice, under Voice. (b) Applied to verbs which assert that
   the  subject  acts  upon  or  affects  something else; transitive. (c)
   Applied  to  all  verbs  that  express  action  as  distinct from mere
   existence or state.
   Active  capital, Active wealth, money, or property that may readily be
   converted  into  money. Syn. -- Agile; alert; brisk; vigorous; nimble;
   lively; quick; sprightly; prompt; energetic.

                                   Actively

   Ac"tive*ly, adv.

   1. In an active manner; nimbly; briskly; energetically; also, by one's
   own action; voluntarily, not passively.

   2. (Gram.) In an active signification; as, a word used actively.

                                  Activeness

   Ac"tive*ness, n. The quality of being active; nimbleness; quickness of
   motion; activity.

                                   Activity

   Ac*tiv"i*ty  (#),  n.;  pl.  Activities  (#). [Cf. F. activit\'82, LL.
   activitas.] The state or quality of being active; nimbleness; agility;
   vigorous  action or operation; energy; active force; as, an increasing
   variety  of human activities. "The activity of toil." Palfrey. Syn. --
   Liveliness; briskness; quickness.

                                    Actless

   Act"less (#), a. Without action or spirit. [R.]

                                     Acton

   Ac"ton  (#),  n. [OF. aketon, auqueton, F. hoqueton, a quilted jacket,
   fr.  Sp.  alcoton, algodon, cotton. Cf. Cotton.] A stuffed jacket worn
   under  the  mail,  or (later) a jacket plated with mail. [Spelled also
   hacqueton.] [Obs.] Halliwell. Sir W. Scott.

                                     Actor

   Ac"tor (#), n. [L. actor, fr. agere to act.]

   1. One who acts, or takes part in any affair; a doer.

   2. A theatrical performer; a stageplayer.

     After a well graced actor leaves the stage. Shak.

   3. (Law) (a) An advocate or proctor in civil courts or causes. Jacobs.
   (b) One who institutes a suit; plaintiff or complainant.

                                    Actress

   Ac`tress (#), n. [Cf. F. actrice.]

   1. A female actor or doer. [Obs.] Cockeram.

   2. A female stageplayer; a woman who acts a part.

                                    Actual

   Ac"tu*al  (#;  135), a. [OE. actuel, F. actuel, L. actualis, fr. agere
   to do, act.]

   1. Involving or comprising action; active. [Obs.]

     Her walking and other actual performances. Shak.

     Let  your  holy  and  pious intention be actual; that is . . . by a
     special prayer or action, . . . given to God. Jer. Taylor.

   2.  Existing in act or reality; really acted or acting; in fact; real;
   --  opposed  to potential, possible, virtual, speculative, coceivable,
   theoretical, or nominal; as, the actual cost of goods; the actual case
   under discussion.

   3.  In  action  at the time being; now exiting; present; as the actual
   situation of the country.
   Actual  cautery.  See under Cautery. -- Actual sin (Theol.), that kind
   of  sin  which  is done by ourselves in contradistinction to "original
   sin."  Syn.  --  Real; genuine; positive; certain. See Real. <-- p. 19
   -->
   
                                    Actual
                                       
   Ac"tu*al  (#),  n.  (Finance)  Something  actually  received; real, as
   distinct from estimated, receipts. [Cant] 

     The  accounts  of  revenues  supplied . . . were not real receipts:
     not,  in  financial  language,  "actuals," but only Egyptian budget
     estimates. Fortnightly Review.

                                   Actualist

   Ac"tu*al*ist,  n.  One  who  deals with or considers actually existing
   facts  and  conditions, rather than fancies or theories; -- opposed to
   idealist. J. Grote.

                                   Actuality

   Ac`tu*al"i*ty (#), n.; pl. Actualities (#). The state of being actual;
   reality; as, the actuality of God's nature. South.

                                 Actualization

   Ac`tu*al*i*za"tion  (#),  n.  A making actual or really existent. [R.]
   Emerson.

                                   Actualize

   Ac"tu*al*ize  (#),  v.  t.  To make actual; to realize in action. [R.]
   Coleridge.

                                   Actually

   Ac"tu*al*ly, adv.

   1. Actively. [Obs.] "Neither actually . . . nor passively." Fuller.

   2. In act or in fact; really; in truth; positively.

                                  Actualness

   Ac"tu*al*ness, n. Quality of being actual; actuality.

                                   Actuarial

   Ac`tu*a"ri*al (#), a. Of or pertaining to actuaries; as, the actuarial
   value of an annuity.

                                    Actuary

   Ac"tu*a*ry  (#),  n.; pl. Actuaries (#). [L. actuarius copyist, clerk,
   fr. actus, p. p. of agere to do, act.]

   1.  (Law)  A  registar or clerk; -- used originally in courts of civil
   law  jurisdiction,  but  in  Europe  used  for  a  clerk  or  registar
   generally.

   2.   The  computing  official  of  an  insurance  company;  one  whose
   profession  it  is  to calculate for insurance companies the risks and
   premiums for life, fire, and other insurances.

                                    Actuate

   Ac"tu*ate  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Actuated (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Actuating (#).] [LL. actuatus, p. p. of actuare, fr. L. actus act.]

   1.  To  put  into  action  or  motion; to move or incite to action; to
   influence  actively;  to  move as motives do; -- more commonly used of
   persons.

     Wings,  which  others  were  contriving to actuate by the perpetual
     motion. Johnson.

     Men of the greatest abilities are most fired with ambition; and, on
     the  contrary,  mean and narrow minds are the least actuated by it.
     Addison.

   2.  To  carry out in practice; to perform. [Obs.] "To actuate what you
   command."  Jer.  Taylor.  Syn.  --  To  move;  impel;  incite;  rouse;
   instigate; animate.

                                    Actuate

   Ac"tu*ate  (#),  a.  [LL.  actuatus, p. p. of actuare.] Put in action;
   actuated. [Obs.] South.

                                   Actuation

   Ac`tu*a"tion  (#),  n.  [Cf.  LL.  actuatio.]  A bringing into action;
   movement. Bp. Pearson.

                                   Actuator

   Ac"tu*a`tor  (#),  n.  One  who  actuates,  or  puts into action. [R.]
   Melville.

                                    Actuose

   Ac"tu*ose` (#), a. [L. actuosus.] Very active. [Obs.]

                                   Actuosity

   Ac`tu*os"i*ty (#), n. Abundant activity. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.

                                    Acture

   Ac"ture (#), n. Action. [Obs.] Shak.

                                  Acturience

   Ac*tu"ri*ence  (#), n. [A desid. of L. agere, actum, to act.] Tendency
   or impulse to act. [R.]

     Acturience, or desire of action, in one form or another, whether as
     restlessness,   ennui,   dissatisfaction,  or  the  imagination  of
     something desirable. J. Grote.

                                    Acuate

   Ac"u*ate  (#), v. t. [L. acus needle.] To sharpen; to make pungent; to
   quicken. [Obs.] "[To] acuate the blood." Harvey.

                                    Acuate

   Ac"u*ate (#), a. Sharpened; sharp-pointed.

                                   Acuation

   Ac`u*a"tion (#), n. Act of sharpening. [R.]

                                   Acuition

   Ac`u*i"tion  (#),  n.  [L.  acutus,  as if acuitus, p. p. of acuere to
   sharpen.] The act of sharpening. [Obs.]

                                    Acuity

   A*cu"i*ty  (#),  n.  [LL.  acuitas:  cf.  F.  acuit\'82.] Sharpness or
   acuteness, as of a needle, wit, etc.

                                   Aculeate

   A*cu"le*ate (#), a. [L. aculeatus, fr. aculeus, dim. of acus needle.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  Having  a  sting;  covered with prickles; sharp like a
   prickle.

   2. (Bot.) Having prickles, or sharp points; beset with prickles.

   3. Severe or stinging; incisive. [R.] Bacon.

                                   Aculeated

   A*cu"le*a`ted  (#),  a.  Having  a  sharp  point; armed with prickles;
   prickly; aculeate.

                                  Aculeiform

   A*cu"le*i*form (#), a. Like a prickle.

                                  Aculeolate

   A*cu"le*o*late  (#),  a.  [L.  aculeolus little needle.] (Bot.) Having
   small prickles or sharp points. Gray.

                                   Aculeous

   A*cu"le*ous (#), a. Aculeate. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

                                    Aculeus

   A*cu"le*us (#), n.; pl. Aculei (#). [L., dim. of acus needle.]

   1.  (Bot.)  A  prickle  growing  on  the bark, as in some brambles and
   roses. Lindley.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A sting.

                                    Acumen

   A*cu"men  (#),  n.  [L.  acumen,  fr.  acuere  to sharpen. Cf. Acute.]
   Quickness  of  perception  or  discernment;  penetration  of mind; the
   faculty  of  nice discrimination. Selden. Syn. -- Sharpness; sagacity;
   keenness; shrewdness; acuteness.

                                   Acuminate

   A*cu"mi*nate  (#),  a.  [L. acuminatus, p. p. of acuminare to sharpen,
   fr.  acumen.  See Acumen.] Tapering to a point; pointed; as, acuminate
   leaves, teeth, etc.

                                   Acuminate

   A*cu"mi*nate  (#),  v.  t. To render sharp or keen. [R.] "To acuminate
   even despair." Cowper.

                                   Acuminate

   A*cu"mi*nate, v. i. To end in, or come to, a sharp point. "Acuminating
   in a cone of prelacy." Milton.

                                  Acumination

   A*cu`mi*na"tion  (#), n. A sharpening; termination in a sharp point; a
   tapering point. Bp. Pearson.

                                   Acuminose

   A*cu"mi*nose` (#), a. Terminating in a flat, narrow end. Lindley.

                                   Acuminous

   A*cu"mi*nous (#), a. Characterized by acumen; keen. Highmore.

                                  Acupressure

   Ac`u*pres"sure  (#), n. [L. acus needle + premere, pressum, to press.]
   (Surg.)  A  mode  of  arresting  hemorrhage  resulting  from wounds or
   surgical operations, by passing under the divided vessel a needle, the
   ends  of  which  are left exposed externally on the cutaneous surface.
   Simpson.

                                Acupuncturation

   Ac`u*punc`tu*ra"tion (#), n. See Acupuncture.

                                  Acupuncture

   Ac`u*punc"ture  (#),  n.  [L.  acus  needle + punctura a pricking, fr.
   pungere  to  prick:  cf.  F.  acuponcture.]  Pricking with a needle; a
   needle  prick.  Specifically (Med.): The insertion of needles into the
   living tissues for remedial purposes.

                                  Acupuncture

   Ac`u*punc"ture (#), v. t. To treat with acupuncture.

                                 Acustumaunce

   A*cus"tum*aunce (#), n. See Accustomance. [Obs.]

                                  Acutangular

   A*cut"an`gu*lar (#), a. Acute-angled.

                                     Acute

   A*cute"  (#), a. [L. acutus, p. p. of acuere to sharpen, fr. a root ak
   to be sharp. Cf. Ague, Cute, Edge.]

   1.  Sharp  at the end; ending in a sharp point; pointed; -- opposed to
   blunt or obtuse; as, an acute angle; an acute leaf.

   2.  Having  nice discernment; perceiving or using minute distinctions;
   penetrating;  clever;  shrewd;  --  opposed  to dull or stupid; as, an
   acute observer; acute remarks, or reasoning.

   3.   Having   nice   or   quick  sensibility;  susceptible  to  slight
   impressions;  acting keenly on the senses; sharp; keen; intense; as, a
   man of acute eyesight, hearing, or feeling; acute pain or pleasure.

   4.  High,  or  shrill,  in  respect to some other sound; -- opposed to
   grave or low; as, an acute tone or accent.

   5.  (Med.)  Attended  with  symptoms  of  some degree of severity, and
   coming  speedily  to  a  crisis;  --  opposed to chronic; as, an acute
   disease.
   Acute  angle  (Geom.),  an  angle  less  than  a  right angle. Syn. --
   Subtile; ingenious; sharp; keen; penetrating; sagacious; sharp-witted;
   shrewd; discerning; discriminating. See Subtile.

                                     Acute

   A*cute",  v.  t.  To  give an acute sound to; as, he acutes his rising
   inflection too much. [R.] Walker.

                                  Acuteangled

   A*cute"*an`gled  (#),  a.  Having  acute  angles;  as, an acute-angled
   triangle,  a  triangle  with every one of its angles less than a right
   angle.

                                    Acutely

   A*cute"ly,  adv.  In  an  acute  manner;  sharply;  keenly;  with nice
   discrimination.

                                   Acuteness

   A*cute"ness, n.

   1. The quality of being acute or pointed; sharpness; as, the acuteness
   of an angle.

   2.  The  faculty  of nice discernment or perception; acumen; keenness;
   sharpness;   sensitiveness;   --   applied   to  the  senses,  or  the
   understanding.  By  acuteness of feeling, we perceive small objects or
   slight  impressions:  by  acuteness  of  intellect,  we  discern  nice
   distinctions.

     Perhaps,  also,  he  felt  his professional acuteness interested in
     bringing it to a successful close. Sir W. Scott.

   3. Shrillness; high pitch; -- said of sounds.

   4. (Med.) Violence of a disease, which brings it speedily to a crisis.
   Syn.   --  Penetration;  sagacity;  keenness;  ingenuity;  shrewdness;
   subtlety; sharp-wittedness.

                                 Acutifoliate

   A*cu`ti*fo"li*ate  (#),  a.  [L.  acutus  sharp + folium leaf.] (Bot.)
   Having sharp-pointed leaves.

                                  Acutilobate

   A*cu`ti*lo"bate  (#),  a.  [L.  acutus sharp + E. lobe.] (Bot.) Having
   acute lobes, as some leaves.

                                      Ad-

   Ad- (#). [A Latin preposition, signifying to. See At.] As a prefix ad-
   assumes  the  forms  ac-,  af-,  ag-,  al-,  an-,  ap-, ar-, as-, at-,
   assimilating  the  d with the first letter of the word to which ad- is
   prefixed.  It  remains unchanged before vowels, and before d, h, j, m,
   v.  Examples: adduce, adhere, adjacent, admit, advent, accord, affect,
   aggregate, allude, annex, appear, etc. It becomes ac- before qu, as in
   acquiesce.

                                     Adact

   Ad*act"  (#),  v.  t.  [L.  adactus,  p. p. of adigere.] To compel; to
   drive. [Obs.] Fotherby.

                              Adactyl, Adactylous

   A*dac"tyl  (#),  A*dac"tyl*ous  (#),  a.  [Gr.  (Zo\'94l.) (a) Without
   fingers or without toes. (b) Without claws on the feet (of crustaceous
   animals).

                                     Adage

   Ad"age  (#),  n.  [F. adage, fr. L. adagium; ad + the root of L. aio I
   say.] An old saying, which has obtained credit by long use; a proverb.

     Letting  "I dare not" wait upon "I would," Like the poor cat i' the
     adage. Shak.

   Syn.  --  Axiom;  maxim; aphorism; proverb; saying; saw; apothegm. See
   Axiom.

                                    Adagial

   A*da"gi*al  (#),  a.  Pertaining  to  an  adage;  proverbial. "Adagial
   verse." Barrow.

                                    Adagio

   A*da"gio (#), a. & adv. [It. adagio; ad (L. ad) at + agio convenience,
   leisure,   ease.  See  Agio.]  (Mus.)  Slow;  slowly,  leisurely,  and
   gracefully.  When repeated, adagio, adagio, it directs the movement to
   be very slow.

                                    Adagio

   A*da"gio,  n. A piece of music in adagio time; a slow movement; as, an
   adagio of Haydn.

                                     Adam

   Ad"am (#), n.

   1. The name given in the Bible to the first man, the progenitor of the
   human race.

   2. (As a symbol) "Original sin;" human frailty.

     And whipped the offending Adam out of him. Shak.

   Adam's ale, water. [Coll.] -- Adam's apple.

   1.  (Bot.)  (a)  A  species of banana (Musa paradisiaca). It attains a
   height  of twenty feet or more. Paxton]. (b) A species of lime (Citris
   limetta).

   2.  The  projection formed by the thyroid cartilage in the neck. It is
   particularly  prominent  in males, and is so called from a notion that
   it was caused by the forbidden fruit (an apple) sticking in the throat
   of our first parent. --
   Adam's  flannel  (Bot.),  the  mullein  (Verbascum thapsus). -- Adam's
   needle  (Bot.),  the  popular  name  of  a genus (Yucca) of liliaceous
   plants.

                                    Adamant

   Ad"a*mant  (#),  n.  [OE.  adamaunt,  adamant,  diamond,  magnet,  OF.
   adamant,  L.  adamas, adamantis, the hardest metal, fr. Gr. adamare to
   love,  be  attached  to, the word meant also magnet, as in OF. and LL.
   See Diamond, Tame.]

   1.  A  stone  imagined  by some to be of impenetrable hardness; a name
   given  to  the diamond and other substance of extreme hardness; but in
   modern  minerology  it  has  no  technical  signification. It is now a
   rhetorical  or  poetical  name  for  the  embodiment  of  impenetrable
   hardness.

     Opposed the rocky orb Of tenfold adamant, his ample shield. Milton.

   2. Lodestone; magnet. [Obs.] "A great adamant of acquaintance." Bacon.

     As true to thee as steel to adamant. Greene.

                                  Adamantean

   Ad`a*man*te"an  (#),  a.  [L.  adamant\'c7us.]  Of  adamant;  hard  as
   adamant. Milton.

                                  Adamantine

   Ad`a*man"tine (#), a. [L. adamantinus, Gr.

   1.  Made  of adamant, or having the qualities of adamant; incapable of
   being  broken,  dissolved,  or  penetrated;  as,  adamantine  bonds or
   chains.

   2. (Min.) Like the diamond in hardness or luster.

                                 Adambulacral

   Ad`am*bu*la"cral  (#),  a. [L. ad + E. ambulacral.] (Zo\'94l.) Next to
   the ambulacra; as, the adambulacral ossicles of the starfish.

                               Adamic, Adamical

   A*dam"ic  (#),  A*dam"ic*al  (#),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to Adam, or
   resembling  him. Adamic earth, a name given to common red clay, from a
   notion that Adam means red earth.
   
                                    Adamite
                                       
   Ad"am*ite (#), n. [From Adam.]
   
   1. A descendant of Adam; a human being.
   
   2.  (Eccl.  Hist.)  One  of  a sect of visionaries, who, professing to
   imitate  the  state  of  Adam,  discarded  the  use  of dress in their
   assemblies.
   
                                 Adam's apple

   Ad"am's ap"ple (#). See under Adam.

                                    Adance

   A*dance" (#), adv. Dancing. Lowell.

                                    Adangle

   A*dan"gle (#), adv. Dangling. Browning.

                                   Adansonia

   Ad`an*so"ni*a  (#),  n.  [From  Adanson,  a French botanist.] (Bot.) A
   genus  of great trees related to the Bombax. There are two species, A.
   digitata,  the  baobab  or  monkey-bread  of  Africa and India, and A.
   Gregorii,  the  sour  gourd or cream-of-tartar tree of Australia. Both
   have  a  trunk  of  moderate  height,  but of enormous diameter, and a
   wide-spreading  head.  The fruit is oblong, and filled with pleasantly
   acid  pulp. The wood is very soft, and the bark is used by the natives
   for making ropes and cloth. D. C. Eaton.

                                     Adapt

   A*dapt" (#), a. Fitted; suited. [Obs.] Swift.

                                     Adapt

   A*dapt",  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Adapted; p. pr. & vb. n. Adapting.] [L.
   adaptare; ad + aptare to fit; cf. F. adapter. See Apt, Adept.] To make
   suitable;  to fit, or suit; to adjust; to alter so as to fit for a new
   use; -- sometimes followed by to or for.

     For  nature,  always  in the right, To your decays adapts my sight.
     Swift.

     Appeals adapted to his [man's] whole nature. Angus.

     Streets ill adapted for the residence of wealthy persons. Macaulay.

                          Adaptability, Adaptableness

   A*dapt`a*bil"i*ty  (#), A*dapt"a*ble*ness (#), n. The quality of being
   adaptable;  suitableness.  "General  adaptability  for every purpose."
   Farrar.

                                   Adaptable

   A*dapt"a*ble (#), a. Capable of being adapted.

                                  Adaptation

   Ad`ap*ta"tion (#), n. [Cf. F. adaptation, LL. adaptatio.]

   1.  The  act or process of adapting, or fitting; or the state of being
   adapted  or  fitted;  fitness.  "Adaptation  of the means to the end."
   Erskine.

   2. The result of adapting; an adapted form.

                                  Adaptative

   A*dapt"a*tive (#), a. Adaptive. Stubbs.

                                  Adaptedness

   A*dapt"ed*ness  (#),  n.  The  state  or  quality  of  being  adapted;
   suitableness; special fitness.

                                    Adapter

   A*dapt"er (#), n.

   1. One who adapts.

   2. (Chem.) A connecting tube; an adopter. <-- 2. any device connecting
   two  parts  of  an  apparatus  (e.g.  tubes of different diameters, or
   electric  cords  with  different  plug  types);  a  device allowing an
   apparatus to be used for purposes other than originally intended -->

                                   Adaption

   A*dap"tion (#), n. Adaptation. Cheyne.

                                   Adaptive

   A*dapt"ive   (#),   a.  Suited,  given,  or  tending,  to  adaptation;
   characterized  by  adaptation;  capable  of  adapting.  Coleridge.  --
   A*dapt"ive*ly, adv.

                                 Adaptiveness

   A*dapt"ive*ness, n. The quality of being adaptive; capacity to adapt.

                                    Adaptly

   A*dapt"ly, adv. In a suitable manner. [R.] Prior.

                                   Adaptness

   A*dapt"ness, n. Adaptedness. [R.]

                                  Adaptorial

   Ad`ap*to"ri*al (#), a. Adaptive. [R.]

                                     Adar

   A"dar  (#),  n.  [Heb.  ad\'84r.]  The  twelfth  month  of  the Hebrew
   ecclesiastical  year,  and  the  sixth  of  the civil. It corresponded
   nearly with March.

                                    Adarce

   A*dar"ce (#), n. [L. adarce, adarca, Gr. A saltish concretion on reeds
   and grass in marshy grounds in Galatia. It is soft and porous, and was
   formerly  used  for  cleansing the skin from freckles and tetters, and
   also in leprosy. Dana.

                                    Adatis

   Ad"a*tis (#), n. A fine cotton cloth of India.

                                    Adaunt

   A*daunt"  (#), v. t. [OE. adaunten to overpower, OF. adonter; \'85 (L.
   ad)  +  donter,  F.  dompter.  See  Daunt.]  To  daunt;  to subdue; to
   mitigate. [Obs.] Skelton.

                                     Adaw

   A*daw"  (#),  v. t. [Cf. OE. adawe of dawe, AS. of dagum from days, i.
   e., from life, out of life.] To subdue; to daunt. [Obs.]

     The sight whereof did greatly him adaw. Spenser.

                                     Adaw

   A*daw",  v. t. & i. [OE. adawen to wake; pref. a- (cf. Goth. us-, Ger.
   er-) + dawen, dagon, to dawn. See Daw.] To awaken; to arouse. [Obs.]

     A  man that waketh of his sleep He may not suddenly well taken keep
     Upon  a  thing,  ne seen it parfitly Till that he be adawed verily.
     Chaucer.

                                     Adays

   A*days"  (#),  adv.  [Pref. a- (for on) + day; the final s was orig. a
   genitive ending, afterwards forming adverbs.] By day, or every day; in
   the daytime. [Obs.] Fielding.

                                 Ad captandum

   Ad  cap*tan"dum  (#).  [L.,  for  catching.] A phrase used adjectively
   sometimes of meretricious attempts to catch or win popular favor.

                                      Add

   Add  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Added; p. pr. & vb. n. Adding.] [L.
   addere; ad + dare to give, put. Cf. Date, Do.]

   1.  To  give  by  way  of increased possession (to any one); to bestow
   (on).

     The Lord shall add to me another son. Gen. xxx. 24.
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   Page 20

   2.  To  join  or  unite,  as  one  thing  to  another,  or  as several
   particulars,  so  as  to  increase  the  number, augment the quantity,
   enlarge  the magnitude, or so as to form into one aggregate. Hence: To
   sum  up;  to  put  together  mentally; as, to add numbers; to add up a
   column.

     Back to thy punishment, False fugitive, and to thy speed add wings.
     Milton.

     As  easily  as  he  can  add  together the ideas of two days or two
     years. Locke.

   3. To append, as a statement; to say further.

     He added that he would willingly consent to the entire abolition of
     the tax. Macaulay.

   Syn.  --  To  Add,  Join,  Annex,  Unite, Coalesce. We add by bringing
   things together so as to form a whole. We join by putting one thing to
   another  in  close or continuos connection. We annex by attaching some
   adjunct to a larger body. We unite by bringing things together so that
   their  parts adhere or intermingle. Things coalesce by coming together
   or mingling so as to form one organization. To add quantities; to join
   houses;  to  annex  territory;  to  unite  kingdoms;  to  make parties
   coalesce.

                                      Add

   Add (#), v. i.

   1.  To  make  an  addition. To add to, to augment; to increase; as, it
   adds to our anxiety. "I will add to your yoke." 1 Kings xii. 14.

   2.  To  perform  the  arithmetical  operation of addition; as, he adds
   rapidly.

                                    Addable

   Add"a*ble (#), a. [Add, v. + -able.] Addible.

                                     Addax

   Ad"dax  (#),  n.  [Native name.] (Zo\'94l.) One of the largest African
   antelopes (Hippotragus, OR Oryx, nasomaculatus).

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  no w be lieved to be the Strepsiceros (twisted
     horn)  of  the  ancients. By some it is thought to be the pygarg of
     the Bible.

                                    Addeem

   Ad*deem"  (#),  v.  t. [Pref. a- + deem.] To award; to adjudge. [Obs.]
   "Unto him they did addeem the prise." Spenser.

                                   Addendum

   Ad*den"dum  (#), n.; pl. Addenda (#). [L., fr. addere to add.] A thing
   to  be  added;  an  appendix or addition. Addendum circle (Mech.), the
   circle  which  may  be  described around a circular spur wheel or gear
   wheel, touching the crests or tips of the teeth. Rankine.

                                     Adder

   Add"er  (#),  n.  [See  Add.]  One  who,  or that which, adds; esp., a
   machine for adding numbers.

                                     Adder

   Ad"der,  n.  [OE.  addere, naddere, eddre, AS. n\'91dre, adder, snake;
   akin to OS. nadra, OHG. natra, natara, Ger. natter, Goth. nadrs, Icel.
   na\'ebr,  masc.,  na\'ebra,  fem.:  cf.  W.  neidr,  Gorn. naddyr, Ir.
   nathair, L. natrix, water snake. An adder is for a nadder.]

   1. A serpent. [Obs.] "The eddre seide to the woman." Wyclif. Gen. iii.
   4. )

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  A small venomous serpent of the genus Vipera. The
   common European adder is the Vipera (or Pelias) berus. The puff adders
   of  Africa are species of Clotho. (b) In America, the term is commonly
   applied  to several harmless snakes, as the milk adder, puffing adder,
   etc. (c) Same as Sea Adder.

     NOTE: &hand; In  the sculptures the appellation is given to several
     venomous serpents, -- sometimes to the horned viper (Cerastles).

                                  Adder fly/

   Ad"der fly/ (#). A dragon fly.

                                Adder's-tongue

   Ad"der's-tongue`  (#),  n. (Bot.) (a) A genus of ferns (Ophioglossum),
   whose seeds are produced on a spike resembling a serpent's tongue. (b)
   The yellow dogtooth violet. Gray.

                                   Adderwort

   Ad"der*wort` (#), n. (Bot.) The common bistort or snakeweed (Polygonum
   bistorta).

                                  Addibility

   Add`i*bil"i*ty  (#),  n.  The quantity of being addible; capability of
   addition. Locke.

                                    Addible

   Add"i*ble (#), a. Capable of being added. "Addible numbers." Locke.

                                    Addice

   Ad"dice (#), n. See Adze. [Obs.] Moxon.

                                    Addict

   Ad*dict" (#), p. p. Addicted; devoted. [Obs.]

                                    Addict

   Ad*dict",  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Addicted; p. pr. & vb. n. Addicting.]
   [L.  addictus,  p.  p.  of addicere to adjudge, devote; ad + dicere to
   say. See Diction.]

   1.  To  apply  habitually;  to devote; to habituate; -- with to. "They
   addict themselves to the civil law." Evelyn.

     He is addicted to his study. Beau. & Fl.

     That  part  of  mankind  that  addict  their minds to speculations.
     Adventurer.

     His genius addicted him to the study of antiquity. Fuller.

     A man gross . . . and addicted to low company. Macaulay.

   2. To adapt; to make suitable; to fit. [Obs.]

     The land about is exceedingly addicted to wood, but the coldness of
     the place hinders the growth. Evelyn.

   Syn. -- Addict, Devote, Consecrate, Dedicate. Addict was formerly used
   in  a  good sense; as, addicted to letters; but is now mostly employed
   in  a  bad sense or an indifferent one; as, addicted to vice; addicted
   to  sensual  indulgence.  "Addicted  to  staying at home." J. S. Mill.
   Devote   is   always  taken  in  a  good  sense,  expressing  habitual
   earnestness  in  the  pursuit  of some favorite object; as, devoted to
   science.  Consecrate  and  dedicate express devotion of a higher kind,
   involving  religious  sentiment; as, consecrated to the service of the
   church; dedicated to God.

                                 Addictedness

   Ad*dict"ed*ness,   n.   The   quality  or  state  of  being  addicted;
   attachment.

                                   Addiction

   Ad*dic"tion (#), n. [Cf. L. addictio an adjudging.] The state of being
   addicted;  devotion; inclination. "His addiction was to courses vain."
   Shak.

                               Addison's disease

   Ad"di*son's  dis*ease"  (#).  [Named  from  Thomas  Addison, M. D., of
   London,  who  first described it.] (Med.) A morbid condition causing a
   peculiar brownish discoloration of the skin, and thought, at one time,
   to  be  due to disease of the suprarenal capsules (two flat triangular
   bodies  covering  the upper part of the kidneys), but now known not to
   be dependent upon this causes exclusively. It is usually fatal.

                                  Additament

   Ad*dit"a*ment  (#),  n. [L. additamentum, fr. additus, p. p. of addere
   to add.] An addition, or a thing added. Fuller.

     My  persuasion  that  the  latter  verses  of  the  chapter were an
     additament of a later age. Coleridge.

                                   Addition

   Ad*di"tion (#), n. [F. addition, L. additio, fr. addere to add.]

   1.  The  act  of  adding  two  or  more things together; -- opposed to
   subtraction  or  diminution.  "This  endless addition or addibility of
   numbers." Locke.

   2. Anything added; increase; augmentation; as, a piazza is an addition
   to a building.

   3. (Math.) That part of arithmetic which treats of adding numbers.

   4.  (Mus.) A dot at the right side of a note as an indication that its
   sound is to be lengthened one half. [R.]

   5.  (Law)  A  title  annexed  to  a  man's  name, to identify him more
   precisely; as, John Doe, Esq.; Richard Roe, Gent.; Robert Dale, Mason;
   Thomas Way, of New York; a mark of distinction; a title.

   6.  (Her.)  Something  added to a coat of arms, as a mark of honor; --
   opposed to abatement.
   Vector  addition  (Geom.),  that  kind  of  addition  of two lines, or
   vectors,  AB  and  BC,  by which their sum is regarded as the line, or
   vector,  AC.  Syn.  --  Increase;  accession; augmentation; appendage;
   adjunct.

                                  Additional

   Ad*di"tion*al (#), a. Added; supplemental; in the way of an addition.

                                  Additional

   Ad*di"tion*al, n. Something added. [R.] Bacon.

                                 Additionally

   Ad*di"tion*al*ly, adv. By way of addition.

                                  Additionary

   Ad*di"tion*a*ry (#), a. Additional. [R.] Herbert.

                                  Addititious

   Ad`di*ti"tious (#), a. [L. addititius, fr. addere.] Additive. [R.] Sir
   J. Herschel.

                                   Additive

   Ad"di*tive  (#),  a.  [L.  additivus.]  (Math.)  Proper  to  be added;
   positive; -- opposed to subtractive.

                                   Additory

   Ad"di*to*ry  (#),  a.  Tending  to  add;  making  some  addition. [R.]
   Arbuthnot.

                                     Addle

   Ad"dle (#), n. [OE. adel, AS. adela, mud.]

   1. Liquid filth; mire. [Obs.]

   2. Lees; dregs. [Prov. Eng.] Wright.

                                     Addle

   Ad"dle, a. Having lost the power of development, and become rotten, as
   eggs;  putrid.  Hence:  Unfruitful  or  confused,  as brains; muddled.
   Dryden.

                                     Addle

   Ad"dle,  v.  t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Addled (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Addling
   (#).]  To  make  addle;  to  grow  addle; to muddle; as, he addled his
   brain. "Their eggs were addled." Cowper.

                                     Addle

   Ad"dle,  v.  t.  &  i. [OE. adlen, adilen, to gain, acquire; prob. fr.
   Icel.  \'94\'eblask to acquire property, akin to o\'ebal property. Cf.
   Allodial.]

   1. To earn by labor. [Prov. Eng.] Forby.

   2. To thrive or grow; to ripen. [Prov. Eng.]

     Kill ivy, else tree will addle no more. Tusser.

                      Addle-brain, Addle-head, Addle-pate

   Ad"dle-brain`  (#), Ad"dle-head` (#), Ad"dle-pate (#), n. A foolish or
   dull-witted fellow. [Colloq.]

                   Addle-brained, Addle-headed, Addle-pated

   Ad"dle-brained`   (#),   Ad"dle-head`ed  (#),  Ad"dle-pa`ted  (#),  a.
   Dull-witted; stupid. "The addle-brained Oberstein." Motley.

     Dull and addle-pated. Dryden.

                                Addle-patedness

   Ad"dle-pa`ted*ness (#), n. Stupidity.

                                   Addlings

   Ad"dlings  (#),  n.  pl.  [See Addle, to earn.] Earnings. [Prov. Eng.]
   Wright.

                                    Addoom

   Ad*doom" (#), v. t. [Pref. a- + doom.] To adjudge. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                   Addorsed

   Ad*dorsed"  (#),  a.  [L. ad + dorsum, back: cf. F. adoss\'82.] (Her.)
   Set or turned back to back.

                                    Address

   Ad*dress"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Addressed (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Addressing.]  [OE.  adressen  to  raise erect, adorn, OF. adrecier, to
   straighten,  address,  F. adresser, fr. \'85 (L. ad) + OF. drecier, F.
   dresser, to straighten, arrange. See Dress, v.]

   1. To aim; to direct. [Obs.] Chaucer.

     And this good knight his way with me addrest. Spenser.

   2. To prepare or make ready. [Obs.]

     His foe was soon addressed. Spenser.

     Turnus addressed his men to single fight. Dryden.

     The  five  foolish virgins addressed themselves at the noise of the
     bridegroom's coming. Jer. Taylor.

   3.  Reflexively:  To  prepare  one's  self;  to  apply  one's skill or
   energies (to some object); to betake.

     These men addressed themselves to the task. Macaulay.

   4. To clothe or array; to dress. [Archaic]

     Tecla . . . addressed herself in man's apparel. Jewel.

   5.  To  direct,  as  words  (to  any  one or any thing); to make, as a
   speech, petition, etc. (to any one, an audience).

     The young hero had addressed his players to him for his assistance.
     Dryden.

   6.  To direct speech to; to make a communication to, whether spoken or
   written;  to  apply  to  by  words, as by a speech, petition, etc., to
   speak to; to accost.

     Are not your orders to address the senate? Addison.

     The representatives of the nation addressed the king. Swift.

   7. To direct in writing, as a letter; to superscribe, or to direct and
   transmit; as, he addressed a letter.

   8. To make suit to as a lover; to court; to woo.

   9.  (Com.)  To  consign or intrust to the care of another, as agent or
   factor; as, the ship was addressed to a merchant in Baltimore.
   To  address  one's  self  to.  (a) To prepare one's self for; to apply
   one's self to. (b) To direct one's speech or discourse to.

                                    Address

   Ad*dress" (#), v. i.

   1.  To  prepare one's self. [Obs.] "Let us address to tend on Hector's
   heels." Shak.

   2. To direct speech. [Obs.]

     Young Turnus to the beauteous maid addrest. Dryden.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e in transitive us es come from the dropping out of
     the reflexive pronoun.

                                    Address

   Ad*dress, n. [Cf. F. adresse. See Address, v. t.]

   1. Act of preparing one's self. [Obs.] Jer Taylor.

   2. Act of addressing one's self to a person; verbal application.

   3.  A  formal  communication, either written or spoken; a discourse; a
   speech;  a  formal  application  to  any  one;  a  petition;  a formal
   statement  on  some  subject  or  special  occasion; as, an address of
   thanks, an address to the voters.

   4.  Direction  or  superscription of a letter, or the name, title, and
   place of residence of the person addressed.

   5.  Manner  of speaking to another; delivery; as, a man of pleasing or
   insinuating address.

   6. Attention in the way one's addresses to a lady. Addison.

   7.  Skill; skillful management; dexterity; adroitness. Syn. -- Speech;
   discourse; harangue; oration; petition; lecture; readiness; ingenuity;
   tact; adroitness.

                                   Addressee

   Ad`dress*ee" (#), n. One to whom anything is addressed.

                                  Addression

   Ad*dres"sion  (#), n. The act of addressing or directing one's course.
   [Rare & Obs.] Chapman.

                                    Adduce

   Ad*duce"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Adduced (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Adducing  (#).]  [L.  adducere,  adductum,  to  lead or bring to; ad +
   ducere  to lead. See Duke, and cf. Adduct.] To bring forward or offer,
   as  an  argument, passage, or consideration which bears on a statement
   or case; to cite; to allege.

     Reasons . . . were adduced on both sides. Macaulay.

     Enough could not be adduced to satisfy the purpose of illustration.
     De Quincey.

   Syn.  -- To present; allege; advance; cite; quote; assign; urge; name;
   mention.

                                   Adducent

   Ad*du"cent  (#),  a.  [L.  addunces,  p.  pr. of adducere.] (Physiol.)
   Bringing together or towards a given point; -- a word applied to those
   muscles  of  the  body which pull one part towards another. Opposed to
   abducent.

                                    Adducer

   Ad*du"cer (#), n. One who adduces.

                                   Adducible

   Ad*du"ci*ble (#), a. Capable of being adduced.

     Proofs innumerable, and in every imaginable manner diversified, are
     adducible. I. Taylor.

                                    Adduct

   Ad*duct"  (#),  v.  t.  [L.  adductus, p. p. of adducere. See Adduce.]
   (Physiol.) To draw towards a common center or a middle line. Huxley.

                                   Adduction

   Ad*duc"tion (#), n. [Cf. F. adduction. See Adduce.]

   1. The act of adducing or bringing forward.

     An adduction of facts gathered from various quarters. I. Taylor.

   2.  (Physiol.)  The  action  by  which the parts of the body are drawn
   towards its axis]; -- opposed to abduction. Dunglison.

                                   Adductive

   Ad*duc"tive (#), a. Adducing, or bringing towards or to something.

                                   Adductor

   Ad*duc"tor  (#), n. [L., fr. adducere.] (Anat.) A muscle which draws a
   limb or part of the body toward the middle line of the body, or closes
   extended  parts  of the body; -- opposed to abductor; as, the adductor
   of the eye, which turns the eye toward the nose.

     In  the  bivalve  shells, the muscles which close the values of the
     shell are called adductor muscles. Verrill.

                                    Addulce

   Ad*dulce"  (#), v. t. [Like F. adoucir; fr. L. ad. + dulcis sweet.] To
   sweeten; to soothe. [Obs.] Bacon.

                                     Adeem

   A*deem"  (#), v. t. [L. adimere. See Ademption.] (Law) To revoke, as a
   legacy, grant, etc., or to satisfy it by some other gift.

                                 Adelantadillo

   A`de*lan`ta*dil"lo  (#), n. [Sp.] A Spanish red wine made of the first
   ripe grapes.

                                  Adelantado

   A`de*lan*ta"do  (#),  n.  [Sp.,  prop.  p. of adelantar to advance, to
   promote.] A governor of a province; a commander. Prescott.

                                   Adelaster

   Ad*e*las"ter  (#), n. [Gr. (Bot.) A provisional name for a plant which
   has  not  had  its flowers botanically examined, and therefore has not
   been referred to its proper genus.

                                    Adeling

   Ad"el*ing (#), n. Same as Atheling.

                                 Adelocodonic

   A*del`o*co*don"ic  (#), a. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Applied to sexual zooids of
   hydroids,  that have a saclike form and do not become free; -- opposed
   to phanerocodonic.

                                   Adelopod

   A*del"o*pod (#), n. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) An animal having feet that are not
   apparent.

                                   Adelphia

   A*del"phi*a  (#),  n.  [Gr.  (Bot.)  A "brotherhood," or collection of
   stamens  in  a  bundle; -- used in composition, as in the class names,
   Monadelphia, Diadelphia, etc.

                                   Adelphous

   A*del"phous  (#),  a.  [Gr.  (Bot.)  Having  coalescent  or  clustered
   filaments;  --  said  of  stamens;  as,  adelphous stamens. Usually in
   composition; as, monadelphous. Gray.

                                    Adempt

   A*dempt"  (#),  p.  p.  [L.  ademptus, p. p. of adimere to take away.]
   Takes away. [Obs.]

     Without  any  sinister suspicion of anything being added or adempt.
     Latimn.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 21

                                   Ademption

   A*demp"tion (#), n. [L. ademptio, fr. adimere, ademptum, to take away;
   ad + emere to buy, orig. to take.] (Law) The revocation or taking away
   of a grant donation, legacy, or the like. Bouvier.

                                Aden- or Adeno-

   Aden-  or Adeno-. [Gr. Combining forms of the Greek word for gland; --
   used  in  words  relating  to  the  structure,  diseases, etc., of the
   glands.

                              Adenalgia, Adenalgy

   Ad`e*nal"gi*a (#), Ad"e*nal`gy (#), n. [Gr. (Med.) Pain in a gland.

                                   Adeniform

   A*den"i*form  (#),  a.  [Aden- + -form.] Shaped like a gland; adenoid.
   Dunglison.

                                   Adenitis

   Ad`e*ni"tis  (#),  n.  [Aden- + -itis.] (Med.) Glandular inflammation.
   Dunglison.

                                 Adenographic

   Ad`e*no*graph"ic (#), a. Pertaining to adenography.

                                  Adenography

   Ad`e*nog"ra*phy (#), n. [Adeno- + -graphy.] That part of anatomy which
   describes the glands.

                              Adenoid, Adenoidal

   Ad"e*noid (#), Ad`e*noid"al (#) a. Glandlike; glandular.

                                 Adenological

   Ad`e*no*log"ic*al (#), a. Pertaining to adenology.

                                   Adenology

   Ad`e*nol"o*gy  (#),  n.  [Adeno- + -logy.] The part of physiology that
   treats of the glands.

                                 Adenophorous

   Ad`e*noph"o*rous (#), a. [Adeno- + Gr. (Bot.) Producing glands.

                                 Adenophyllous

   Ad`e*noph"yl*lous  (#),  a.  [Adeno- + Gr. (Bot.) Having glands on the
   leaves.

                                    Adenose

   Ad"e*nose`  (?;  277),  a.  Like  a gland; full of glands; glandulous;
   adenous.

                                  Adenotomic

   Ad`e*no*tom"ic (#), a. Pertaining to adenotomy.

                                   Adenotomy

   Ad`e*not"o*my (#), n. [Adeno- + Gr. (Anat.) Dissection of, or incision
   into, a gland or glands.

                                    Adenous

   Ad"e*nous (#), a. Same as Adenose.

                                     Adeps

   Ad"eps (#), n. [L.] Animal fat; lard.

                                     Adept

   A*dept" (#), n. [L. adeptus obtained (sc. artem), adipsci to arrive ad
   + apisci to pursue. See Apt, and cf. Adapt.] One fully skilled or well
   versed in anything; a proficient; as, adepts in philosophy.

                                     Adept

   A*dept", a. Well skilled; completely versed; thoroughly proficient.

     Beaus adept in everything profound. Cowper.

                                   Adeption

   A*dep"tion   (#),  n.  [L.  adeptio.  See  Adept,  a.]  An  obtaining;
   attainment. [Obs.]

     In the wit and policy of the capitain consisteth the chief adeption
     of the victory. Grafton.

                                   Adeptist

   A*dept"ist, n. A skilled alchemist. [Obs.]

                                   Adeptness

   A*dept"ness, n. The quality of being adept; skill.

                                   Adequacy

   Ad"e*qua*cy  (#),  n.  [See  Adequate.]  The state or quality of being
   adequate, proportionate, or sufficient; a sufficiency for a particular
   purpose; as, the adequacy of supply to the expenditure.

                                   Adequate

   Ad"e*quate  (#),  a.  [L. adaequatus, p. p. of adaequare to make equal
   to;  ad  +  aequare  to make equal, aequus equal. See Equal.] Equal to
   some  requirement;  proportionate, or correspondent; fully sufficient;
   as, powers adequate to a great work; an adequate definition.

     Ireland had no adequate champion. De Quincey.

   Syn.  -- Proportionate; commensurate; sufficient; suitable; competent;
   capable.

                                   Adequate

   Ad"e*quate (#), v. t. [See Adequate, a.]

   1. To equalize; to make adequate. [R.] Fotherby.

   2. To equal. [Obs.]

     It  [is]  an  impossibility for any creature to adequate God in his
     eternity. Shelford.

                                  Adequately

   Ad"e*quate*ly (#), adv. In an adequate manner.

                                 Adequateness

   Ad"e*quate*ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being  adequate; suitableness;
   sufficiency; adequacy.

                                  Adequation

   Ad`e*qua"tion  (#),  n. [L. adaequatio.] The act of equalizing; act or
   result of making adequate; an equivalent. [Obs.] Bp. Barlow.

                                    Adesmy

   A*des"my (#), n. [Gr. (Bot.) The division or defective coherence of an
   organ that is usually entire.

                                 Adessenarian

   Ad*es`se*na"ri*an  (#),  n.  [Formed fr. L. adesse to be present; ad +
   esse  to be.] (Eccl. Hist.) One who held the real presence of Christ's
   body in the eucharist, but not by transubstantiation.

                                   Adfected

   Ad*fect"ed  (#),  a.  [L. adfectus or affectus. See Affect, v.] (Alg.)
   See Affected, 5.

                                  Adfiliated

   Ad*fil"i*a`ted (#), a. See Affiliated. [Obs.]

                                  Adfiliation

   Ad*fil`i*a"tion (#), n. See Affiliation. [Obs.]

                                   Adfluxion

   Ad*flux"ion (#), n. See Affluxion.

                                   Adhamant

   Ad*ha"mant  (#),  a.  [From  L.  adhamare  to catch; ad + hamus hook.]
   Clinging, as by hooks.

                                    Adhere

   Ad*here"  (#),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Adhered (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Adhering  (#).] [L. adhaerere, adhaesum; ad + haerere to stick: cf. F.
   adh\'82rer. See Aghast.]

   1.  To  stick fast or cleave, as a glutinous substance does; to become
   joined or united; as, wax to the finger; the lungs sometimes adhere to
   the pleura.

   2.  To  hold,  be  attached,  or  devoted;  to remain fixed, either by
   personal  union or conformity of faith, principle, or opinion; as, men
   adhere to a party, a cause, a leader, a church.

   3.  To  be consistent or coherent; to be in accordance; to agree. "Nor
   time  nor place did then adhere." Every thing adheres together." Shak.
   Syn. -- To attach; stick; cleave; cling; hold

                                   Adherence

   Ad*her"ence (#), n. [Cf. F. adh\'82rence, LL. adhaerentia.]

   1. The quality or state of adhering.

   2.   The   state  of  being  fixed  in  attachment;  fidelity;  steady
   attachment; adhesion; as, adherence to a party or to opinions. Syn. --
   Adherence, Adhesion. These words, which were once freely interchanged,
   are  now  almost  entirely  separated.  Adherence is no longer used to
   denote physical union, but is applied, to mental states or habits; as,
   a  strict  adherence  to  one's duty; close adherence to the argument,
   etc. Adhesion is now confined chiefly to the physical sense, except in
   the phrase "To give in one's adhesion to a cause or a party."

                                   Adherency

   Ad*her"en*cy (#), n.

   1. The state or quality of being adherent; adherence. [R.]

   2. That which adheres. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.

                                   Adherent

   Ad*her"ent (#), a. [L. adhaerens, -entis, p. pr.: cf. F. adh\'82rent.]

   1. Sticking; clinging; adhering. Pope.

   2. Attached as an attribute or circumstance.

   3.  (Bot.) Congenitally united with an organ of another kind, as calyx
   with ovary, or stamens with petals.

                                   Adherent

   Ad*her"ent, n.

   1.  One who adheres; one who adheres; one who follows a leader, party,
   or  profession;  a  follower,  or partisan; a believer in a particular
   faith or church.

   2.  That  which  adheres; an appendage. [R.] Milton. Syn. -- Follower;
   partisan; upholder; disciple; supporter; dependent; ally; backer.

                                  Adherently

   Ad*her"ent*ly, adv. In an adherent manner.

                                    Adherer

   Ad*her"er (#), n. One who adheres; an adherent.

                                   Adhesion

   Ad*he"sion (#), n. [L. adhaesio, fr. adhaerere: cf. F. adh\'82sion.]

   1.  The  action  of  sticking;  the  state of being attached; intimate
   union;  as the adhesion of glue, or of parts united by growth, cement,
   or the like.

   2.  Adherence; steady or firm attachment; fidelity; as, to error, to a
   policy.

     His  adhesion to the Tories was bounded by his approbation of their
     foreign policy. De Quincey.

   3. Agreement to adhere; concurrence; assent.

     To that treaty Spain and England gave in their adhesion. Macaulay.

   4.  (Physics)  The  molecular  attraction  exerted  between  bodies in
   contact. See Cohesion.

   5. (Med.) Union of surface, normally separate, by the formation of new
   tissue resulting from an inflammatory process.

   6. (Bot.) The union of parts which are separate in other plants, or in
   younger  states  of  the  same  plant.  Syn.  -- Adherence; union. See
   Adherence.

                                   Adhesive

   Ad*he"sive (#), a. [Cf. F. adh\'82sif.]

   1. Sticky; tenacious, as glutinous substances.

   2. Apt or tending to adhere; clinging. Thomson.
   Adhesive   attraction.   (Physics)   See   Attraction.   --   Adhesive
   inflammation  (Surg.),  that  kind of inflammation which terminates in
   the reunion of divided parts without suppuration. -- Adhesive plaster,
   a sticking; a plaster containing resin, wax, litharge, and olive oil.

                                  Adhesively

   Ad*he"sive*ly, adv. In an adhesive manner.

                                 Adhesiveness

   Ad*he"sive*ness, n.

   1. The quality of sticking or adhering; stickiness; tenacity of union.

   2.  (Phren.)  Propensity  to form and maintain attachments to persons,
   and to promote social intercourse.

                                    Adhibit

   Ad*hib"it (#), v. t. [L. adhibitus, p. p. of adhibere to hold to; ad +
   habere to have.]

   1. To admit, as a person or thing; to take in. Muirhead.

   2. To use or apply; to administer. Camden.

   3. To attach; to affix. Alison.

                                  Adhibition

   Ad`hi*bi"tion   (#),   n.  [L.  adhibitio.]  The  act  of  adhibiting;
   application; use. Whitaker.

                                  Ad hominem

   Ad  hom"i*nem  (#). [L., to the man.] ` phrase applied to an appeal or
   argument addressed to the principles, interests, or passions of a man.

                                    Adhort

   Ad*hort"  (#),  v.  t.  [L. adhortari. See Adhortation.] To exhort; to
   advise. [Obs.] Feltham.

                                  Adhortation

   Ad`hor*ta"tion  (#),  n. [L. adhortatio, fr. adhortari to advise; ad +
   hortari to exhort.] Advice; exhortation. [Obs.] Peacham.

                                  Adhortatory

   Ad*hor"ta*to*ry  (#),  a.  Containing  counsel  or warning; hortatory;
   advisory. [Obs.] Potter.

                                   Adiabatic

   Ad`i*a*bat"ic (#), a. [Gr. (Physics) Not giving out or receiving heat.
   --   Ad`i*a*bat`ic*al*ly,  adv.  Adiabatic  line  or  curve,  a  curve
   exhibiting  the  variations  of pressure and volume of a fluid when it
   expands without either receiving or giving out heat. Rankine.

                                  Adiactinic

   Ad`i*ac*tin"ic  (#),  a.  [Pref.  a-  not  +  diactinic.]  (Chem.) Not
   transmitting the actinic rays.

                                   Adiantum

   Ad`i*an"tum  (#),  n. [L., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A genus of ferns, the leaves
   of which shed water; maidenhair. Also, the black maidenhair, a species
   of spleenwort.

                                  Adiaphorism

   Ad`i*aph"o*rism (#), n. Religious indifference.

                                  Adiaphorist

   Ad`i*aph"o*rist  (#),  n.  [See Adiaphorous.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of the
   German  Protestants  who,  with  Melanchthon,  held  some opinions and
   ceremonies  to  be indifferent or nonessential, which Luther condemned
   as sinful or heretical. Murdock.

                                 Adiaphoristic

   Ad`i*aph`o*ris"tic  (#), a. Pertaining to matters indifferent in faith
   and practice. Shipley.

                                  Adiaphorite

   Ad`i*aph"o*rite (#), n. Same as Adiaphorist.

                                  Adiaphorous

   Ad`i*aph"o*rous (#), a. [Gr.

   1. Indifferent or neutral. Jer. Taylor.

   2.  (Med.)  Incapable of doing either harm or good, as some medicines.
   Dunglison.

                                   Adiaphory

   Ad`i*aph"o*ry, n. [Gr. Indifference. [Obs.]

                                  Adiathermic

   Ad`i*a*ther"mic (#), a. [Gr. Not pervious to heat.

                                     Adieu

   A*dieu"  (#), interj. & adv. [OE. also adew, adewe, adue, F. dieu, fr.
   L.  ad to + deus God.] Good-by; farewell; an expression of kind wishes
   at parting.

                                     Adieu

   A*dieu",  n.;  pl. Adieus (#). A farewell; commendation to the care of
   God at parting. Shak.

                                    Adight

   A*dight"  (#),  v.  t.  [p.  p.  Adight.]  [Pref. a- (intensive) + OE.
   dihten.  See Dight.] To set in order; to array; to attire; to deck, to
   dress. [Obs.]

                                 Ad infinitum

   Ad in`fi*ni"tum (#). [L., to infinity.] Without limit; endlessly.

                                  Ad interim

   Ad in"ter*im (#)[L.] Meanwhile; temporary.

                                  Adepescent

   Ad`e*pes"cent  (#),  a.  [L.  adeps,  adipis, fat + -escent.] Becoming
   fatty.

                                    Adipic

   A*dip"ic  (#),  a.  [L. adeps, adipis, fat.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or
   derived  from,  fatty  or oily substances; -- applied to certain acids
   obtained from fats by the action of nitric acid. <-- 2. adipic acid. a
   dicarboxylic acid containing six carbon atoms in a linear chain -->

                                  Adipocerate

   Ad`i*poc"er*ate (#), v. t. To convert adipocere.

                                 Adipoceration

   Ad`i*poc`er*a"tion  (#),  n.  The  act  or  process  of  changing into
   adipocere.

                                   Adipocere

   Ad"i*po*cere`  (#),  n.  [L.  adeps,  adipis,  fat  + cera wax: cf. F.
   adipocere.]  A  soft,  unctuous,  or  waxy substance, of a light brown
   color,  into  which the fat and muscle tissue of dead bodies sometimes
   are  converted,  by  long  immersion  in  water  or by burial in moist
   places. It is a result of fatty degeneration.

                                 Adipoceriform

   Ad`i*po*cer"i*form  (#),  a.  [Adipocere  + -form.] Having the form or
   appearance of adipocere; as, an adipoceriform tumor.

                                  Adipocerous

   Ad`i*poc"er*ous (#), a. Like adipocere.

                                    Adipose

   Ad"i*pose`  (?;  277),  a.  [L.  adeps,  adipis,  fat,  grease.] Of or
   pertaining  to  animal  fat;  fatty.  Adipose  fin  (Zo\'94l.), a soft
   boneless  fin.  --  Adipose tissue (Anat.), that form of animal tissue
   which forms or contains fat.

                            Adiposeness, Adiposity

   Ad"i*pose`ness  (#),  Ad`i*pos"i*ty  (#),  n.  The state of being fat;
   fatness.

                                    Adipous

   Ad"i*pous (#), a. Fatty; adipose. [R.]

                                   Adipsous

   A*dip"sous (#), a. [Gr. Quenching thirst, as certain fruits.

                                    Adipsy

   Ad"ip*sy (#), n. [Gr. (Med.) Absence of thirst.

                                     Adit

   Ad"it (#), n. [L. aditus, fr. adire, , to go to; ad + ire to go.]

   1. An entrance or passage. Specifically: The nearly horizontal opening
   by  which  a  mine  is entered, or by which water and ores are carried
   away; -- called also drift and tunnel.

   2. Admission; approach; access. [R.]

     Yourself and yours shall have Free adit. Tennyson.

                             Adjacence, Adjacency

   Ad"ja"cence (#), Ad*ja"cen*cy (#),[Cf. LL. adjacentia.]

   1.  The  state  of  being  adjacent or contiguous; contiguity; as, the
   adjacency of lands or buildings.

   2. That which is adjacent.[R.] Sir T. Browne.

                                   Adjacent

   Ad*ja"cent  (#),  a.  [L. adjacens, -centis, p. pr. of adjacere to lie
   near;  ad  +  jac  to  lie:  cf.  F.  adjacent.] Lying near, close, or
   contiguous;  neighboring;  bordering  on;  as, a field adjacent to the
   highway.  "The  adjacent  forest."  B.  Jonson. Adjacent or contiguous
   angle.  (Geom.)  See  Angle.  Syn.  -- Adjoining; contiguous; near. --
   Adjacent,  Adjoining,  Contiguous.  Things  are adjacent when they lie
   close  each  other,  not  necessary  in  actual  contact; as, adjacent
   fields, adjacent villages, etc.

     I  find  that  all  Europe  with her adjacent isles is peopled with
     Christians. Howell.

   Things are adjoining when they meet at some line or point of junction;
   as,  adjoining  farms,  an  adjoining  highway.  What  is spoken of as
   contiguous  should  touch with some extent of one side or the whole of
   it; as, a row of contiguous buildings; a wood contiguous to a plain.

                                   Adjacent

   Ad*ja"cent, n. That which is adjacent. [R.] Locke.

                                  Adjacently

   Ad*ja"cent*ly, adv. So as to be adjacent.

                                    Adject

   Ad*ject"  (#),  v.  t. [L. adjectus, p. p. of adjicere to throw to, to
   add  to; ad + ac to throw. See Jet a shooting forth.] To add or annex;
   to join. Leland.

                                   Adjection

   Ad*jec"tion  (#), n. [L. adjectio, fr. adjicere: cf. F. adjection. See
   Adject.]  The  act  or  mode of adding; also, the thing added. [R.] B.
   Jonson.

                                  Adjectional

   Ad*jec"tion*al  (#),  a.  Pertaining to adjection; that is, or may be,
   annexed. [R.] Earle.

                                 Adjectitious

   Ad`jec*ti"tious (#), [L. adjectitius.] Added; additional. Parkhurst.

                                  Adjectival

   Ad`jec*ti"val (#), a. Of or relating to the relating to the adjective;
   of the nature of an adjective; adjective. W. Taylor (1797)

                                 Adjectivally

   Ad`jec*ti"val*ly,  adv.  As,  or  in  the  manner  of,  an  adjective;
   adjectively.

                                   Adjective

   Ad"jec*tive (#), a. [See Adjective, n.]

   1.  Added  to  a  substantive  as  an  attribute;  of the nature of an
   adjunct; as, an word sentence.

   2. Not standing by itself; dependent.
   Adjective color, a color which requires to be fixed by some mordant or
   base to give it permanency.

   3.  Relating  to  procedure.  "The  whole English law, substantive and
   adjective." Macaulay.

                                   Adjective

   Ad"jec*tive,  n.  [L. adjectivum (sc. nomen), neut. of adjectivus that
   is added, fr. adjicere: cf. F. adjectif. See Adject.]

   1.  (Gram.)  A  word  used  with  a noun, or substantive, to express a
   quality of the thing named, or something attributed to it, or to limit
   or  define  it,  or  to  specify or describe a thing, as distinct from
   something  else.  Thus,  in  phrase,  "a  wise  ruler,"  wise  is  the
   adjective, expressing a property of ruler.

   2. A dependent; an accessory. Fuller.

                                   Adjective

   Ad"jec*tive,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Adjectived (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Adjectiving  (#).]  To make an adjective of; to form or change into an
   adjective. [R.]

     Language   has   as   much   occasion  to  adjective  the  distinct
     signification  of  the  verb, and to adjective also the mood, as it
     has to adjective time. It has . . . adjectived all three. Tooke.

                                  Adjectively

   Ad"jec*tive*ly,  adv.  In  the manner of an adjective; as, a word used
   adjectively.

                                    Adjoin

   Ad*join"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Adjoined (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Adjoining.]   [OE.   ajoinen,  OF.  ajoindre,  F.  adjoindre,  fr.  L.
   adjungere;  ad  + jungere to join. See Join, and cf. Adjunct.] To join
   or  unite  to; to lie contiguous to; to be in contact with; to attach;
   to append.

     Corrections  .  . . should be, as remarks, adjoined by way of note.
     Watts.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 22

                                    Adjoin

   Ad*join" (#), v. i.

   1.  To lie or be next, or in contact; to be contiguous; as, the houses
   adjoin.

     When one man's land adjoins to another's. Blackstone.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e co nstruction with to, on, or with is obsolete or
     obsolescent.

   2. To join one's self. [Obs.]

     She lightly unto him adjoined side to side. Spenser.

                                   Adjoinant

   Ad*join"ant (#), a. Contiguous. [Obs.] Carew.

                                   Adjoining

   Ad*join"ing,  a.  Joining  to;  contiguous; adjacent; as, an adjoining
   room. "The adjoining fane." Dryden.

     Upon the hills adjoining to the city. Shak.

   Syn.  -- Adjacent; contiguous; near; neighboring; abutting; bordering.
   See Adjacent.

                                    Adjoint

   Ad"joint (#), n. An adjunct; a helper. [Obs.]

                                    Adjourn

   Ad*journ  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Adjourned (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Adjourning  (#).] [OE. ajornen, OF. ajoiner, ajurner, F. ajourner; OF.
   a  (L. ad) + jor, jur, jorn, F. jour, day, fr. L. diurnus belonging to
   the  day,  fr. dies day. Cf. Journal, Journey.] To put off or defer to
   another day, or indefinitely; to postpone; to close or suspend for the
   day; -- commonly said of the meeting, or the action, of convened body;
   as, to adjourn the meeting; to adjourn a debate.

     It  is  a common practice to adjourn the reformation of their lives
     to a further time. Barrow.

     'Tis a needful fitness That we adjourn this court till further day.
     Shak.

   Syn.  --  To  delay; defer; postpone; put off; suspend. -- To Adjourn,
   Prorogue,  Dissolve.  These words are used in respect to public bodies
   when  they  lay  aside  business  and separate. Adjourn, both in Great
   Britain and this country, is applied to all cases in which such bodies
   separate  for  a  brief period, with a view to meet again. Prorogue is
   applied  in  Great Britain to that act of the executive government, as
   the  sovereign,  which  brings a session of Parliament to a close. The
   word  is  not used in this country, but a legislative body is said, in
   such  a  case,  to  adjourn  sine  die.  To  dissolve  is to annul the
   corporate  existence  of a body. In order to exist again the body must
   be reconstituted.

                                    Adjourn

   Ad*journ",  v.  i.To  suspend  business for a time, as from one day to
   another,  or for a longer period, or indefinitely; usually, to suspend
   public  business,  as  of  legislatures  and courts, or other convened
   bodies;  as,  congress  adjourned at four o'clock; the court adjourned
   without day.

                                   Adjournal

   Ad*journ"al  (#),  n. Adjournment; postponement. [R.] "An adjournal of
   the Diet." Sir W. Scott.

                                  Adjournment

   Ad*journ"ment  (#),  n.  [Cf.  f.  adjournement,  OF.  ajornement. See
   Adjourn.]

   1.  The  act  of  adjourning; the putting off till another day or time
   specified, or without day.

   2.  The  time  or  interval  during  which  a public body adjourns its
   sittings or postpones business.

                                    Adjudge

   Ad*judge"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Adjudged (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Adjudging  (#).]  [OE.  ajugen,  OF.  ajugier, fr. L. adjudicare; ad +
   judicare to judge. See Judge, and cf. Adjudicate.]

   1. To award judicially in the case of a controverted question; as, the
   prize was adjudged to the victor.

   2.  To determine in the exercise of judicial power; to decide or award
   judicially;  to  adjudicate; as, the case was adjudged in the November
   term.

   3. To sentence; to condemn.

     Without  reprieve,  adjudged  to death For want of well pronouncing
     Shibboleth. Milton.

   4. To regard or hold; to judge; to deem.

     He adjudged him unworthy of his friendship. Knolles.

   Syn. -- To decree; award; determine; adjudicate; ordain; assign.

                                   Adjudger

   Ad*judg"er (#), n. One who adjudges.

                                  Adjudgment

   Ad*judg"ment   (#),  n.  The  act  of  adjudging;  judicial  decision;
   adjudication. Sir W. Temple.

                                  Adjudicate

   Ad*ju"di*cate  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjudicated (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Adjudicating  (#)]  [L.  adjudicatus,  p.  p.  of  adjudicare. See
   Adjudge.]  To  adjudge; to try and determine, as a court; to settle by
   judicial decree.

                                  Adjudicate

   Ad*ju"di*cate,  v.  i.  To  come to a judicial decision; as, the court
   adjudicated upon the case.

                                 Adjudication

   Ad*ju`di*ca"tion (#), n. [L. adjudicatio: cf. F. adjudication.]

   1.  The  act  of  adjudicating;  the  act  or  process  of  trying and
   determining judicially.

   2.  A  deliberate  determination  by  the  judicial  power; a judicial
   decision  or  sentence.  "An adjudication in favor of natural rights."
   Burke.

   3.  (Bankruptcy  practice)  The decision upon the question whether the
   debtor is a bankrupt. Abbott.

   4.  (Scots  Law)  A  process  by which land is attached security or in
   satisfaction of a debt.

                                 Adjudicative

   Ad*ju"di*ca*tive (#), a. Adjudicating.

                                  Adjudicator

   Ad*ju"di*ca`tor (#), n. One who adjudicates.

                                 Adjudicature

   Ad*ju"di*ca*ture (#), n. Adjudication.

                                   Adjugate

   Ad"ju*gate  (#),  v. t. [L. adjugatus, p. p. of adjugare; ad + jugum a
   yoke.] To yoke to. [Obs.]

                                   Adjument

   Ad"ju*ment  (#),  n. [L. adjumentum, for adjuvamentum, fr. adjuvare to
   help;  ad  +  juvare  to  help.] Help; support; also, a helper. [Obs.]
   Waterhouse.

                                    Adjunct

   Ad"junct`  (#),  a.  [L.  adjunctus,  p. p. of adjungere. See Adjoin.]
   Conjoined; attending; consequent.

     Though that my death were adjunct to my act. Shak.

   Adjunct  notes  (Mus.),  short  notes  between  those essential to the
   harmony; auxiliary notes; passing notes.

                                    Adjunct

   Ad"junct`, n.

   1.  Something  joined or added to another thing, but not essentially a
   part of it.

     Learning is but an adjunct to our self. Shak.

   2. A person joined to another in some duty or service; a colleague; an
   associate. Wotton.

   3.  (Gram.)  A  word or words added to quality or amplify the force of
   other  words;  as,  the  History of the American Revolution, where the
   words in italics are the adjunct or adjuncts of "History."

   4.  (Metaph.)  A  quality or property of the body or the mind, whether
   natural or acquired; as, color, in the body, judgment in the mind.

   5.  (Mus.)  A  key or scale closely related to another as principal; a
   relative  or  attendant key. [R.] See Attendant keys, under Attendant,
   a.

                                  Adjunction

   Ad*junc"tion  (#), n. [L. adjunctio, fr. adjungere: cf. F. adjonction,
   and see Adjunct.] The act of joining; the thing joined or added.

                                  Adjunctive

   Ad*junc"tive  (#),  a.  [L.  adjunctivus, fr. adjungere. See Adjunct.]
   Joining; having the quality of joining; forming an adjunct.

                                  Adjunctive

   Ad*junc"tive, n. One who, or that which, is joined.

                                 Adjunctively

   Ad*junc"tive*ly, adv. In an adjunctive manner.

                                   Adjunctly

   Ad*junct"ly  (#),  adv.  By  way of addition or adjunct; in connection
   with.

                                  Adjuration

   Ad`ju*ra"tion  (#), n. [L. adjuratio, fr. adjurare: cf. F. adjuration.
   See Adjure.]

   1.  The  act  of  adjuring;  a  solemn  charging on oath, or under the
   penalty of a curse; an earnest appeal.

     What an accusation could not effect, an adjuration shall. Bp. Hall.

   2. The form of oath or appeal.

     Persons who . . . made use of prayer and adjurations. Addison.

                                  Adjuratory

   Ad*ju"ra*to*ry (#), a. [L. adjuratorius.] Containing an adjuration.

                                    Adjure

   Ad*jure"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Adjured (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Adjuring (#)]. [L. adjurare, adjurdium, to swear to; later, to adjure:
   cf.  F.  adjurer. See Jury.] To charge, bind, or command, solemnly, as
   if  under  oath,  or under the penalty of a curse; to appeal to in the
   most solemn or impressive manner; to entreat earnestly.

     Joshua  adjured them at that time, saying, Cursed be the man before
     the  Lord, that riseth up and buildeth this city Jericho. Josh. vi.
     26.

     The  high  priest . . . said . . . I adjure thee by the living God,
     that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ. Matt. xxvi. 63.

     The  commissioners  adjured  them  not  to let pass so favorable an
     opportunity of securing their liberties. Marshall.

                                    Adjurer

   Ad*jur"er (#), n. One who adjures.

                                    Adjust

   Ad*just"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Adjusted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Adjusting.]  [OF.  ajuster,  ajoster  (whence  F. ajouter to add), LL.
   adjuxtare  to  fit;  fr. L. ad + juxta near; confused later with L. ad
   and  justus  just, right, whence F. ajuster to adjust. See Just, v. t.
   and cf. Adjute.]

   1.  To  make  exact;  to fit; to make correspondent or conformable; to
   bring  into  proper relations; as, to adjust a garment to the body, or
   things to a standard.

   2. To put in order; to regulate, or reduce to system.

     Adjusting the orthography. Johnson.

   3.  To  settle  or  bring to a satisfactory state, so that parties are
   agreed  in  the  result;  as,  to adjust accounts; the differences are
   adjusted.

   4.  To  bring  to  a  true  relative  position,  as  the  parts  of an
   instrument;  to  regulate  for  use;  as,  to  adjust  a  telescope or
   microscope.  Syn.  --  To adapt; suit; arrange; regulate; accommodate;
   set right; rectify; settle.

                                  Adjustable

   Ad*just"a*ble (#), a. Capable of being adjusted.

                                   Adjustage

   Ad*just"age (#), n. [Cf. Ajutage.] Adjustment. [R.]

                                   Adjuster

   Ad*just"er (#), n. One who, or that which, adjusts.

                                   Adjustive

   Ad*just"ive (#), a. Tending to adjust. [R.]

                                  Adjustment

   Ad*just"ment (#), n. [Cf. F. ajustement. See Adjust.]

   1.  The  act  of  adjusting,  or  condition  of being adjusted; act of
   bringing into proper relations; regulation.

     Success  depends on the nicest and minutest adjustment of the parts
     concerned. Paley.

   2. (Law) Settlement of claims; an equitable arrangement of conflicting
   claims,  as  in  set-off,  contribution, exoneration, subrogation, and
   marshaling. Bispham.

   3.  The  operation  of  bringing  all the parts of an instrument, as a
   microscope  or telescope, into their proper relative position for use;
   the condition of being thus adjusted; as, to get a good adjustment; to
   be  in  or  out  of adjustment. Syn. -- Suiting; fitting; arrangement;
   regulation; settlement; adaptation; disposition.

                                   Adjutage

   Ad"ju*tage (#), n. Same as Ajutage.

                                   Adjutancy

   Ad"ju*tan*cy (#), n. [See Adjutant.]

   1. The office of an adjutant.

   2. Skillful arrangement in aid; assistance.

     It was, no doubt, disposed with all the adjutancy of definition and
     division. Burke.

                                   Adjutant

   Ad"ju*tant (#), n. [L. adjutans, p. pr. of adjutare to help. See Aid.]

   1. A helper; an assistant.

   2.  (Mil.)  A  regimental  staff  officer, who assists the colonel, or
   commanding  officer  of  a  garrison  or  regiment,  in the details of
   regimental and garrison duty.
   Adjutant  general  (a) (Mil.), the principal staff officer of an army,
   through whom the commanding general receives communications and issues
   military orders. In the U. S. army he is brigadier general. (b) (Among
   the  Jesuits), one of a select number of fathers, who resided with the
   general  of the order, each of whom had a province or country assigned
   to his care.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) A species of very large stork (Ciconia argala), a native
   of  India;  --  called also the gigantic crane, and by the native name
   argala. It is noted for its serpent-destroying habits.

                                   Adjutator

   Ad"ju*ta`tor (#), n. (Eng. Hist.) A corruption of Agitator.

                                    Adjute

   Ad*jute"  (#),  v. t. [F. ajouter; confused with L. adjutare.] To add.
   [Obs.]

                                    Adjutor

   Ad*ju"tor  (#), n. [L., fr. adjuvare. See Aid.] A helper or assistant.
   [Archaic] Drayton.

                                   Adjutory

   Ad*ju"to*ry  (#),  a.  [L.  adjutorius.]  Serving  to  help or assist;
   helping. [Obs.]

                                   Adjutrix

   Ad*ju"trix  (#),  n.  [L.  See Adjutor.] A female helper or assistant.
   [R.]

                                   Adjuvant

   Ad"ju*vant  (#),  a.  [L.  adjuvans, p. pr. of adjuvare to aid: cf. F.
   adjuvant.  See  Aid.]  Helping;  helpful;  assisting.  [R.]  "Adjuvant
   causes." Howell.

                                   Adjuvant

   Ad"ju*vant, n.

   1. An assistant. [R.] Yelverton.

   2. (Med.) An ingredient, in a prescription, which aids or modifies the
   action of the principal ingredient.

                                  Adlegation

   Ad`le*ga"tion  (#),  n.  [L. adlegatio, allegatio, a sending away; fr.
   adlegare,  allegare,  to send away with a commission; ad in addition +
   legare  to  send  as  ambassador.  Cf.  Allegation.]  A right formerly
   claimed  by  the  states  of  the  German  Empire of joining their own
   ministers   with   those   of  the  emperor  in  public  treaties  and
   negotiations to the common interest of the empire. Encyc. Brit.

                                  Ad libitum

   Ad lib"i*tum (#). At one's pleasure; as one wishes.

                                  Adlocution

   Ad`lo*cu"tion (#), n. See Allocution. [Obs.]

                                  Admarginate

   Ad*mar"gin*ate  (#),  v.  t.  [Pref.  ad-  +  margin.] To write in the
   margin. [R.] Coleridge.

                                  Admaxillary

   Ad*max"il*la*ry  (#),  a. [Pref. ad- + maxillary.] (Anat.) Near to the
   maxilla or jawbone.

                                   Admeasure

   Ad*meas"ure  (?;  135),  v. t. [Cf. OF. amesurer, LL. admensurare. See
   Measure.]

   1. To measure.

   2.   (Law)   To   determine   the  proper  share  of,  or  the  proper
   apportionment; as, to admeasure dower; to admeasure common of pasture.
   Blackstone.

   2. The measure of a thing; dimensions; size.

   3.  (Law)  Formerly, the adjustment of proportion, or ascertainment of
   shares,  as  of  dower  or pasture held in common. This was by writ of
   admeasurement, directed to the sheriff.

                                  Admeasurer

   Ad*meas"ur*er (#), n. One who admeasures.

                                 Admensuration

   Ad*men`su*ra"tion  (#),  n.  [LL.  admensuratio;  L. ad + mensurare to
   measure. See Mensuration.] Same as Admeasurement.

                                   Adminicle

   Ad*min"i*cle  (#), n. [L. adminculum support, orig., that on which the
   hand rests; ad + manus hand + dim. ending -culym.]

   1. Help or support; an auxiliary. Grote.

   2. (Law) Corroborative or explanatory proof.

     NOTE: In Sc ots law, any writing tending to establish the existence
     or terms of a lost deed. Bell.

                                  Adminicular

   Ad`mi*nic"u*lar  (#),  a.  Supplying  help;  auxiliary; corroborative;
   explanatory; as, adminicular evidence. H. Spencer.

                                 Adminiculary

   Ad`mi*nic"u*la*ry (#), a. Adminicular.

                                  Administer

   Ad*min"is*ter  (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Administered (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Administering.] [OE. aministren, OF. aministrer, F. administer, fr.
   L. administrare; ad + ministrare to serve. See Minister.]

   1.  To  manage or conduct, as public affairs; to direct or superintend
   the  execution,  application,  or  conduct  of;  as, to administer the
   government or the state.

     For  forms  of  government  let  fools  contest:  Whate'er  is best
     administered is best. Pope.

   2.  To  dispense;  to serve out; to supply; execute; as, to administer
   relief, to administer the sacrament.

     [Let zephyrs] administer their tepid, genial airs. Philips.

     Justice  was  administered  with an exactness and purity not before
     known. Macaulay.

   3.  To apply, as medicine or a remedy; to give, as a dose or something
   beneficial or suitable. Extended to a blow, a reproof, etc.

     A noxious drug had been administered to him. Macaulay.

   4. To tender, as an oath.

     Swear . . . to keep the oath that we administer. Shak.

   5.  (Law)  To settle, as the estate of one who dies without a will, or
   whose will fails of an executor. Syn. -- To manage; conduct; minister;
   supply; dispense; give out; distribute; furnish.

                                  Administer

   Ad*min"is*ter, v. i.

   1. To contribute; to bring aid or supplies; to conduce; to minister.

     A  fountain . . . administers to the pleasure as well as the plenty
     of the place. Spectator.

   2.  (Law)  To  perform the office of administrator; to act officially;
   as, A administers upon the estate of B.

                                  Administer

   Ad*min"is*ter, n. Administrator. [Obs.] Bacon.

                                 Administerial

   Ad*min`is*te"ri*al  (#),  a.  Pertaining  to administration, or to the
   executive part of government.

                                 Administrable

   Ad*min"is*tra*ble  (#),  a.  Capable  of  being  administered;  as, an
   administrable law.

                                 Administrant

   Ad*min"is*trant  (#),  a. [F., p. pr. of administrer. See Administer.]
   Executive; acting; managing affairs. -- n. One who administers.

                                 Administrate

   Ad*min"is*trate  (#), v. t. [L. administratus, p. p. of administrare.]
   To administer. [R.] Milman.

                                Administration

   Ad*min`is*tra"tion    (?;    277),   n.   [OE.   administracioun,   L.
   administratio: cf. F. administration.]

   1. The act of administering; government of public affairs; the service
   rendered,  or duties assumed, in conducting affairs; the conducting of
   any office or employment; direction; management.

     His  financial  administration  was  of  a  piece with his military
     administration. Macaulay.

   2.  The executive part of government; the persons collectively who are
   intrusted with the execution of laws and the superintendence of public
   affairs;  the  chief  magistrate  and  his  cabinet or council; or the
   council, or ministry, alone, as in Great Britain.

     A mild and popular administration. Macaulay.

     The administration has been opposed in parliament. Johnson.

   3.  The  act  of  administering,  or  tendering  something to another;
   dispensation;  as,  the  administration  of a medicine, of an oath, of
   justice, or of the sacrament.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 23

   4.  (Law)  (a)  The management and disposal, under legal authority, of
   the  estate  of  an  intestate,  or  of a testator having no competent
   executor.  (b)  The management of an estate of a deceased person by an
   executor, the strictly corresponding term execution not being in use.
   Administration with the will annexed, administration granted where the
   testator  has  appointed  no  executor, or where his appointment of an
   executor  for any cause has failed, as by death, incompetency, refusal
   to  act,  etc.  Syn.  --  Conduct;  management; direction; regulation;
   execution; dispensation; distribution.

                                Administrative

   Ad*min"is*tra`tive (#), a. [L. administrativus: cf. F. administratif.]
   Pertaining   to   administration;  administering;  executive;  as,  an
   administrative  body,  ability,  or  energy. -- Ad*min"is*tra`tive*ly,
   adv.

                                 Administrator

   Ad*min`is*tra"tor (#), n. [L.]

   1. One who administers affairs; one who directs, manages, executes, or
   dispenses,  whether  in  civil, judicial, political, or ecclesiastical
   affairs; a manager.

   2.  (Law)  A man who manages or settles the estate of an intestate, or
   of  a  testator  when  there is no competent executor; one to whom the
   right of administration has been committed by competent authority.

                               Administratorship

   Ad*min`is*tra"tor*ship, n. The position or office of an administrator.

                                Administratrix

   Ad*min`is*tra"trix  (#),  n.  [NL.] A woman who administers; esp., one
   who  administers  the  estate  of  an intestate, or to whom letters of
   administration have been granted; a female administrator.

                                 Admirability

   Ad`mi*ra*bil"i*ty  (#),  n.  [L.  admirabilitac.]  Admirableness. [R.]
   Johnson.

                                   Admirable

   Ad"mi*ra*ble (#), a. [L. admirabilis: cf. F. admirable.]

   1. Fitted to excite wonder; wonderful; marvelous. [Obs.]

     In  man  there is nothing admirable but his ignorance and weakness.
     Jer. Taylor.

   2.   Having  qualities  to  excite  wonder  united  with  approbation;
   deserving  the  highest  praise; most excellent; -- used of persons or
   things.  "An admirable machine." "Admirable fortitude." Macaulay. Syn.
   --    Wonderful;   marvelous;   surprising;   excellent;   delightful;
   praiseworthy.

                                 Admirableness

   Ad"mi*ra*ble*ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being  admirable;  wonderful
   excellence.

                                   Admirably

   Ad"mi*ra*bly, adv. In an admirable manner.

                                    Admiral

   Ad"mi*ral (#), n. [OE. amiral, admiral, OF. amiral, ultimately fr. Ar.
   am\'c6r-al-bahr  commander of the sea; Ar. am\'c6r is commander, al is
   the  Ar. article, and am\'c6r-al, heard in different titles, was taken
   as  one  word.  Early  forms  of  the  word  show  confusion  with  L.
   admirabilis admirable, fr. admirari to admire. It is said to have been
   introduced  into  Europe  by  the Genoese or Venetians, in the 12th or
   13th century. Cf. Ameer, Emir.]

   1.  A naval officer of the highest rank; a naval officer of high rank,
   of  which there are different grades. The chief gradations in rank are
   admiral,  vice admiral, and rear admiral. The admiral is the commander
   in chief of a fleet or of fleets.

   2.  The  ship  which  carries the admiral; also, the most considerable
   ship of a fleet.

     Like  some mighty admiral, dark and terrible, bearing down upon his
     antagonist  with  all his canvas straining to the wind, and all his
     thunders roaring from his broadsides. E. Everett.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  A handsome butterfly (Pyrameis Atalanta) of Europe and
   America. The larva feeds on nettles.
   Admiral shell (Zo\'94l.), the popular name of an ornamental cone shell
   (Conus  admiralis).  Lord  High Admiral, a great officer of state, who
   (when  this  rare  dignity  is  conferred) is at the head of the naval
   administration of Great Britain.

                                  Admiralship

   Ad"mi*ral*ship,  n.  The  office or position oaf an admiral; also, the
   naval skill of an admiral.

                                   Admiralty

   Ad"mi*ral*ty  (#),  n.;  pl.  Admiralties (#). [F. amiraut\'82, for an
   older  amiralt\'82,  office  of  admiral,  fr.  LL.  admiralitas.  See
   Admiral.]

   1. The office or jurisdiction of an admiral. Prescott.

   2.  The  department  or  officers  having authority over naval affairs
   generally.

   3.  The  court  which  has  jurisdiction  of  maritime  questions  and
   offenses.

     NOTE: &hand; In England, admiralty jurisdiction was formerly vested
     in the High Court of Admiralty, which was held before the Lord High
     Admiral,  or  his  deputy,  styled  the Judge of the Admiralty; but
     admiralty  jurisdiction  is now vested in the probate, divorce, and
     admiralty  division  of  the High Justice. In America, there are no
     admiralty  courts  distinct from others, but admiralty jurisdiction
     is  vested  in the district courts of the United States, subject to
     revision  by the circuit courts and the Supreme Court of the United
     States.   Admiralty   jurisprudence   has  cognizance  of  maritime
     contracts  and  torts,  collisions  at  sea, cases of prize in war,
     etc.,  and  in  America, admiralty jurisdiction is extended to such
     matters, arising out of the navigation of any of the public waters,
     as the Great Lakes and rivers.

   4. The system of jurisprudence of admiralty courts.

   5.  The  building  in  which  the  lords of the admiralty, in England,
   transact business.

                                   Admirance

   Ad*mir"ance (#), n. [Cf. OF. admirance.] Admiration. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                  Admiration

   Ad`mi*ra"tion (#), n. [F., fr. L. admiratio. See Admire.]

   1. Wonder; astonishment. [Obs.]

     Season your admiration for a while. Shak.

   2. Wonder mingled with approbation or delight; an emotion excited by a
   person  or  thing  possessed  of  wonderful  or  high  excellence; as,
   admiration of a beautiful woman, of a landscape, of virtue.

   3.  Cause  of  admiration;  something  to  excite  wonder,  or pleased
   surprise; a prodigy.

     Now, good Lafeu, bring in the admiration. Shak.

   Note  of admiration, the mark (!), called also exclamation point. Syn.
   -- Wonder; approval; appreciation; adoration; reverence; worship.

                                  Admirative

   Ad*mir"a*tive  (#), a. Relating to or expressing admiration or wonder.
   [R.] Earle.

                                    Admire

   Ad*mire"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Admired (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Admiring  (#).]  [F.  admirer, fr. L. admirari; ad + mirari to wonder,
   for smirari, akin to Gr. smi, and E. smile.]

   1.  To  regard  with wonder or astonishment; to view with surprise; to
   marvel at. [Archaic]

     Examples rather to be admired than imitated. Fuller.

   2.  To  regard  with wonder and delight; to look upon with an elevated
   feeling of pleasure, as something which calls out approbation, esteem,
   love,  or  reverence;  to  estimate  or  prize highly; as, to admire a
   person of high moral worth, to admire a landscape.

     Admired as heroes and as gods obeyed. Pope.

     NOTE: &hand; Ad mire fo llowed by  th e in finitive is  obsolete or
     colloquial; as, I admire to see a man consistent in his conduct.

   Syn. -- To esteem; approve; delight in.

                                    Admire

   Ad*mire",  v. i.To wonder; to marvel; to be affected with surprise; --
   sometimes with at.

     To wonder at Pharaoh, and even admire at myself. Fuller.

                                    Admired

   Ad*mired" (#), a.

   1.  Regarded  with  wonder  and delight; highly prized; as, an admired
   poem.

   2.  Wonderful;  also,  admirable. [Obs.] "Admired disorder." " Admired
   Miranda." Shak.

                                    Admirer

   Ad*mir"er  (#),  n. One who admires; one who esteems or loves greatly.
   Cowper.

                                   Admiring

   Ad*mir"ing,  a.  Expressing  admiration;  as,  an  admiring glance. --
   Ad*mir"ing*ly, adv. Shak.

                                 Admissibility

   Ad*mis`si*bil"i*ty  (#),  n. [Cf. F. admissibilit\'82.] The quality of
   being admissible; admissibleness; as, the admissibility of evidence.

                                  Admissible

   Ad*mis"si*ble  (#),  a.  [F. admissible, LL. admissibilis. See Admit.]
   Entitled  to  be  admitted,  or  worthy of being admitted; that may be
   allowed   or  conceded;  allowable;  as,  the  supposition  is  hardly
   admissible. -- Ad*mis"si*ble*ness, n. -- Ad*mis"si*bly, adv.

                                   Admission

   Ad*mis"sion (#), n. [L. admissio: cf. F. admission. See Admit.]

   1. The act or practice of admitting.

   2.  Power  or permission to enter; admittance; entrance; access; power
   to approach.

     What numbers groan for sad admission there! Young.

   3.  The  granting of an argument or position not fully proved; the act
   of acknowledging something

     The too easy admission of doctrines. Macaulay.

   4.  (Law)  Acquiescence or concurrence in a statement made by another,
   and distinguishable from a confession in that an admission presupposes
   prior  inquiry  by  another, but a confession may be made without such
   inquiry.

   5.  A  fact,  point,  or statement admitted; as, admission made out of
   court are received in evidence.

   6.  (Eng. Eccl. Law) Declaration of the bishop that he approves of the
   presentee  as a fit person to serve the cure of the church to which he
   is presented. Shipley. Syn. -- Admittance; concession; acknowledgment;
   concurrence; allowance. See Admittance.

                                   Admissive

   Ad*mis"sive (#), a.Implying an admission; tending to admit. [R.] Lamb.

                                   Admissory

   Ad*mis"so*ry (#), a. Pertaining to admission.

                                     Admit

   Ad*mit" (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Admitted; p. pr. & vb. n. Admitting.]
   [OE.  amitten,  L.  admittere,  admissum; ad + mittere to send: cf. F.
   admettre, OF. admettre, OF. ametre. See Missile.]

   1.  To  suffer  to  enter; to grant entrance, whether into a place, or
   into  the  mind,  or consideration; to receive; to take; as, they were
   into  his  house;  to  admit a serious thought into the mind; to admit
   evidence in the trial of a cause.

   2. To give a right of entrance; as, a ticket one into a playhouse.

   3.  To  allow  (one) to enter on an office or to enjoy a privilege; to
   recognize  as  qualified  for a franchise; as, to admit an attorney to
   practice law; the prisoner was admitted to bail.

   4.  To  concede as true; to acknowledge or assent to, as an allegation
   which it is impossible to deny; to own or confess; as, the argument or
   fact is admitted; he admitted his guilt.

   5.  To  be  capable  of;  to permit; as, the words do not admit such a
   construction.  In this sense, of may be used after the verb, or may be
   omitted.

     Both  Houses  declared  that they could admit of no treaty with the
     king. Hume.

                                  Admittable

   Ad*mit"ta*ble (#), a. Admissible. Sir T. Browne.

                                  Admittance

   Ad*mit"tance (#), n.

   1. The act of admitting.

   2.  Permission  to enter; the power or right of entrance; also, actual
   entrance; reception.

     To gain admittance into the house. South.

     He desires admittance to the king. Dryden.

     To give admittance to a thought of fear. Shak.

   3.   Concession;  admission;  allowance;  as,  the  admittance  of  an
   argument. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

   4. Admissibility. [Obs.] Shak.

   5.  (Eng.  Law)  The  act  of  giving possession of a copyhold estate.
   Bouvier.   Syn.   --   Admission;  access;  entrance;  initiation.  --
   Admittance,  Admission. These words are, to some extent, in a state of
   transition  and  change.  Admittance  is  now  chiefly confined to its
   primary sense of access into some locality or building. Thus we see on
   the  doors of factories, shops, etc. "No admittance." Its secondary or
   moral  sense,  as  "admittance to the church," is almost entirely laid
   aside.  Admission  has  taken  to  itself  the secondary or figurative
   senses;  as,  admission to the rights of citizenship; admission to the
   church;  the  admissions  made by one of the parties in a dispute. And
   even  when  used  in  its  primary  sense,  it  is  not identical with
   admittance. Thus, we speak of admission into a country, territory, and
   other larger localities, etc., where admittance could not be used. So,
   when  we speak of admission to a concert or other public assembly, the
   meaning is not perhaps exactly that of admittance, viz., access within
   the  walls  of the building, but rather a reception into the audience,
   or  access  to  the performances. But the lines of distinction on this
   subject are one definitely drawn.

                                  Admittatur

   Ad`mit*ta"tur  (#),  n.  [L., let him be admitted.] The certificate of
   admission given in some American colleges.

      Admitted, a. Received as true or valid; acknowledged. -- Admittedly

   Ad*mit"ted  (#),  a.  Received  as  true  or  valid;  acknowledged. --
   Ad*mit"ted*ly adv. Confessedly.

                                   Admitter

   Ad*mit"ter (#), n. One who admits.

                                     Admix

   Ad*mix"  (#),  v.  t.  [Pref.  ad-  +  mix:  cf. L. admixtus, p. p. of
   admiscere. See Mix.] To mingle with something else; to mix. [R.]

                                   Admixtion

   Ad*mix"tion  (?;  106),  n.  [L.  admixtio.]  A  mingling of different
   things; admixture. Glanvill.

                                   Admixture

   Ad*mix"ture  (?;  135),  n.  [L.  admiscere,  admixtum, to admix; ad +
   miscere to mix. See Mix.]

   1. The act of mixing; mixture.

   2. The compound formed by mixing different substances together.

   3. That which is mixed with anything.

                                   Admonish

   Ad*mon"ish  (#),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Admonished (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Admonishing.]  [OE.  amonesten,  OF.  amonester,  F. admonester, fr. a
   supposed  LL.  admonesstrare,  fr.  L.  admonere to remind, warn; ad +
   monere to warn. See Monition.]

   1.  To  warn  or  notify  of a fault; to reprove gently or kindly, but
   seriously; to exhort. "Admonish him as a brother." 2 Thess. iii. 15.

   2.  To  counsel  against wrong practices; to cation or advise; to warn
   against  danger  or  an  offense;  --  followed  by  of, against, or a
   subordinate clause.

     Admonishing one another in psalms and hymns. Col. iii. 16.

     I  warned  thee,  I  admonished  thee, foretold The danger, and the
     lurking enemy. Milton.

   3. To instruct or direct; to inform; to notify.

     Moses  was  admonished  of  God,  when  he  was  about  to make the
     tabernacle. Heb. viii. 5.

                                  Admonisher

   Ad*mon"ish*er (#), n. One who admonishes.

                                 Admonishment

   Ad*mon"ish*ment   (#),   n.  [Cf.  OF.  amonestement,  admonestement.]
   Admonition. [R.] Shak.

                                  Admonition

   Ad`mo*ni"tion  (#),  n. [OE. amonicioun, OF. amonition, F. admonition,
   fr.  L.  admonitio,  fr.  admonere.  See Admonish.] Gentle or friendly
   reproof;   counseling   against   a  fault  or  error;  expression  of
   authoritative advice; friendly caution or warning. Syn. -- Admonition,
   Reprehension, Reproof. Admonition is prospective, and relates to moral
   delinquencies;   its  object  is  to  prevent  further  transgression.
   Reprehension  and  reproof  are retrospective, the former being milder
   than  the  latter.  A  person  of  any age or station may be liable to
   reprehension  in  case  of  wrong conduct; but reproof is the act of a
   superior.  It  is  authoritative fault-finding or censure addressed to
   children or to inferiors.

                                 Admonitioner

   Ad`mo*ni"tion*er (#), n. Admonisher. [Obs.]

                                  Admonitive

   Ad*mon"i*tive  (#),  a.  Admonitory. [R.] Barrow. -- Ad*mon"i*tive*ly,
   adv.

                                   Admonitor

   Ad*mon"i*tor (#), n. [L.] Admonisher; monitor.

     Conscience  is at most times a very faithful and prudent admonitor.
     Shenstone.

                                 Admonitorial

   Ad*mon`i*to"ri*al  (#),  a.  Admonitory.  [R.] "An admonitorial tone."
   Dickens.

                                  Admonitory

   Ad*mon"i*to*ry  (#),  a.  [LL. admonitorius.] That conveys admonition;
   warning  or reproving; as, an admonitory glance. -- Ad*mon"i*to*ri*ly,
   (#), adv.

                                  Admonitrix

   Ad*mon"i*trix (#), n. [L.] A female admonitor.

                                 Admortization

   Ad*mor`ti*za"tion  (#), n. [LL. admortizatio. Cf. Amortization.] (Law)
   The reducing or lands or tenements to mortmain. See Mortmain.

                                    Admove

   Ad*move"  (#), v. t. [L. admovere. See Move.] To move or conduct to or
   toward. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

                                   Adnascent

   Ad*nas"cent  (#),  a.  [L.  adnascens,  p.  pr. of adnasci to be born,
   grow.] Growing to or on something else. "An adnascent plant." Evelyn.

                                    Adnate

   Ad"nate  (#), a. [L. adnatus, p. p. of adnasci. See Adnascent, and cf.
   Agnate.]

   1. (Physiol.) Grown to congenitally.

   2. (Bot.) Growing together; -- said only of organic cohesion of unlike
   parts.

     An anther is adnate when fixed by its whole length to the filament.
     Gray.

   3.  (Zo\'94l.)  Growing  with  one  side adherent to a stem; -- a term
   applied to the lateral zooids of corals and other compound animals.

                                   Adnation

   Ad*na"tion (#), n. (Bot.) The adhesion or cohesion of different floral
   verticils or sets of organs.

                                   Adnominal

   Ad*nom"i*nal  (#),  a.  [L. ad + nomen noun.] (Gram.) Pertaining to an
   adnoun;  adjectival;  attached  to  a noun. Gibbs. -- Ad*nom"i*nal*ly,
   adv.

                                    Adnoun

   Ad"noun`  (#),  n.  [Pref.  ad-  +  noun.]  (Gram.)  An  adjective, or
   attribute. [R.] Coleridge.

                                  Adnubilated

   Ad*nu"bi*la`ted  (#),  a.  [L.  adnubilatus,  p.  p.  of  adnubilare.]
   Clouded; obscured. [R.]

                                      Ado

   A*do"  (#),  (1)  v. inf., (2) n. [OE. at do, northern form for to do.
   Cf. Affair.]

   1.  To  do;  in  doing;  as,  there is nothing. "What is here ado?" J.
   Newton.

   2. Doing; trouble; difficulty; troublesome business; fuss; bustle; as,
   to make a great ado about trifles.

     With much ado, he partly kept awake. Dryden.

     Let's follow to see the end of this ado. Shak.

                                     Adobe

   A*do"be  (#), n. [Sp.] An unburnt brick dried in the sun; also used as
   an adjective, as, an adobe house, in Texas or New Mexico.

                                  Adolescence

   Ad`o*les"cence  (#),  n.  [Fr.,  fr.  L.  adolescentia.]  The state of
   growing  up  from  childhood  to  manhood  or womanhood; youth, or the
   period  of  life between puberty and maturity, generally considered to
   be,  in the male sex, from fourteen to twenty-one. Sometimes used with
   reference to the lower animals.

                                  Adolescency

   Ad`o*les"cen*cy (#), n. The quality of being adolescent; youthfulness.
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   Page 24

                                  Adolescent

   Ad`o*les"cent  (#), a. [L. adolescens, p. pr. of adolescere to grow up
   to;  ad  +  the  inchoative  olescere  to grow: cf. F. adolescent. See
   Adult.] Growing; advancing from childhood to maturity.

     Schools,   unless  discipline  were  doubly  strong,  Detain  their
     adolescent charge too long. Cowper.

                                  Adolescent

   Ad`o*les"cent, n. A youth.

                                    Adonean

   Ad`o*ne"an  (#),  a.  [L.  Adon.]  Pertaining to Adonis; Adonic. "Fair
   Adonean Venus." Faber.

                                    Adonic

   A*don"ic  (#),  a.  [F. adonique: cf. L. Adonius.] Relating to Adonis,
   famed  for  his  beauty.  -- n. An Adonic verse. Adonic verse, a verse
   consisting of a dactyl and spondee (#).

                                    Adonis

   A*do"nis (#), n. [L., gr. Gr.

   1.  (Gr. Myth.) A youth beloved by Venus for his beauty. He was killed
   in the chase by a wild boar.

   2. A pre\'89minently beautiful young man; a dandy.

   3.  (Bot.) A genus of plants of the family Ranunculace\'91, containing
   the  pheasaut's  eye  (Adonis autumnalis); -- named from Adonis, whose
   blood was fabled to have stained the flower.

                                    Adonist

   A*do"nist  (#),  n.  [Heb. my Lords.] One who maintains that points of
   the  Hebrew  word  translated "Jehovah" are really the vowel points of
   the word "Adonai." See Jehovist.

                                    Adonize

   Ad"o*nize  (#),  v.  t. [Cf. F. adoniser, fr. Adonis.] To beautify; to
   dandify.

     I  employed  three  good  hours at least in adjusting and adonozing
     myself. Smollett.

                                 Adoor, Adoors

   A*door  (#),  A*doors  (#),At  the  door; of the door; as, out adoors.
   Shak.

     I took him in adoors. Vicar's Virgil (1630).

                                     Adopt

   A*dopt"  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adopted; p. pr. & vb. n. Adopting.]
   [L.  adoptare;  ad  +  optare  to  choose, desire: cf. F. adopter. See
   Option.]

   1.  To  take  by  choice  into  relationship, as, child, heir, friend,
   citizen, etc. ; esp. to take voluntarily (a child of other parents) to
   be in the place of, or as, one's own child.

   2. To take or receive as one's own what is not so naturally; to select
   and take or approve; as, to adopt the view or policy of another; these
   resolutions were adopted.

                                   Adoptable

   A*dopt"a*ble (#), a. Capable of being adopted.

                                    Adopted

   A*dopt"ed  (#),  a.  Taken  by adoption; taken up as one's own; as, an
   adopted son, citizen, country, word. -- A*dopt"ed*ly, adv.

                                    Adopter

   A*dopt"er (#), n.

   1. One who adopts.

   2.  (Chem.) A receiver, with two necks, opposite to each other, one of
   which  admits the neck of a retort, and the other is joined to another
   receiver.  It  is used in distillations, to give more space to elastic
   vapors,  to  increase  the length of the neck of a retort, or to unite
   two  vessels  whose  openings  have different diameters. [Written also
   adapter.]

                                   Adoption

   A*dop"tion  (#),  n.  [L. adoptio, allied to adoptare to adopt: cf. F.
   adoption.]

   1.  The  act  of  adopting,  or  state  of  being  adopted;  voluntary
   acceptance  of  a  child  of other parents to be the same as one's own
   child.

   2.  Admission to a more intimate relation; reception; as, the adoption
   of  persons  into  hospitals  or  monasteries,  or of one society into
   another.

   3.  The  choosing and making that to be one's own which originally was
   not so; acceptance; as, the adoption of opinions. Jer. Taylor.

                                  Adoptionist

   A*dop"tion*ist,  n.  (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect which maintained that
   Christ was the Son of God not by nature but by adoption.

                                   Adoptious

   A*dop"tious (#), a. Adopted. [Obs.]

                                   Adoptive

   A*dopt"ive  (#),  a.  [L.  adoptivus:  cf.  F. adoptif.] Pertaining to
   adoption;  made  or  acquired  by  adoption;  fitted  to adopt; as, an
   adoptive  father,  an  child;  an adoptive language. -- A*dopt"ive*ly,
   adv.

                                  Adorability

   A*dor`a*bil"i*ty (#), n. Adorableness.

                                   Adorable

   A*dor"a*ble (#), a. [L. adorabilis, fr. adorare: cf. F. adorable.]

   1. Deserving to be adored; worthy of divine honors.

     The adorable Author of Christianity. Cheyne.

   2. Worthy of the utmost love or respect.

                                 Adorableness

   A*dor"a*ble*ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being  adorable, or worthy of
   adoration. Johnson.

                                   Adorably

   A*dor"a*bly, adv. In an adorable manner.

                                   Adoration

   Ad`o*ra"tion (#), n. [L. adoratio, fr. adorare: cf. F. adoration.]

   1.  The  act  of  playing honor to a divine being; the worship paid to
   God; the act of addressing as a god.

     The  more  immediate  objects  of  popular  adoration  amongst  the
     heathens were deified human beings. Farmer.

   2.  Homage  paid  to  one in high esteem; profound veneration; intense
   regard and love; fervent devotion.

   3.  A  method  of electing a pope by the expression of homage from two
   thirds of the conclave.

     [Pole] might have been chosen on the spot by adoration. Froude.

                                     Adore

   A*dore"  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adored (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Adoring
   (#).]  [OE. aouren, anouren, adoren, OF. aorer, adorer, F. adorer, fr.
   L.  adorare;  ad  +  orare  to  speak,  pray,  os, oris, mouth. In OE.
   confused  with  honor, the French prefix a- being confused with OE. a,
   an, on. See Oral.]

   1.  To  worship  with  profound reverence; to pay divine honors to; to
   honor as deity or as divine.

     Bishops  and  priests,  .  .  .  bearing  the host, which he [James
     adored. Smollett.

   2. To love in the highest degree; to regard with the utmost esteem and
   affection; to idolize.

     The  great  mass  of  the  population  abhorred  Popery  and adored
     Montouth. Macaulay.

                                     Adore

   A*dore", v. t. To adorn. [Obs.]

     Congealed little drops which do the morn adore. Spenser.

                                   Adorement

   A*dore"ment  (#),  n.  The  act  of  adoring; adoration. [Obs.] Sir T.
   Browne.

                                    Adorer

   A*dor"er (#), n. One who adores; a worshiper; one who admires or loves
   greatly; an ardent admirer. "An adorer of truth." Clarendon.

     I profess myself her adorer, not her friend. Shak.

                                   Adoringly

   A*dor"ing*ly, adv. With adoration.

                                     Adorn

   A*dorn"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Adorned  (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Adorning.]  [OE.  aournen,  anournen,  adornen,  OF.  aorner,  fr.  L.
   aaornare;  ad  +  ornare to furnish, embellish. See Adore, Ornate.] To
   deck  or  dress with ornaments; to embellish; to set off to advantage;
   to render pleasing or attractive.

     As a bride adorneth herself with her jewels. Isa. lxi. 10.

     At  church,  with  meek and unaffected grace, His looks adorned the
     venerable place. Goldsmith.

   Syn.  --  To  deck;  decorate;  embellish;  ornament; beautify; grace;
   dignify;  exalt; honor. -- To Adorn, Ornament, Decorate, Embellish. We
   decorate  and  ornament by putting on some adjunct which is attractive
   or beautiful, and which serves to heighten the general effect. Thus, a
   lady's  head-dress  may  be  ornament  or  decorated  with  flowers or
   jewelry;  a hall may be decorated or ornament with carving or gilding,
   with wreaths of flowers, or with hangings. Ornament is used in a wider
   sense  than  decorate. To embellish is to beautify or ornament richly,
   not  so  much  by  mere additions or details as by modifying the thing
   itself as a whole. It sometimes means gaudy and artificial decoration.
   We  embellish a book with rich engravings; a style is embellished with
   rich  and beautiful imagery; a shopkeeper embellishes his front window
   to  attract  attention. Adorn is sometimes identical with decorate, as
   when  we say, a lady was adorned with jewels. In other cases, it seems
   to  imply  something more. Thus, we speak of a gallery of paintings as
   adorned  with  the works of some of the great masters, or adorned with
   noble statuary and columns. Here decorated and ornamented would hardly
   be  appropriate. There is a value in these works of genius beyond mere
   show  and  ornament.  Adorn may be used of what is purely moral; as, a
   character  adorned  with every Christian grace. Here neither decorate,
   nor ornament, nor embellish is proper.

                                     Adorn

   A*dorn", n. Adornment. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                     Adorn

   A*dorn", a. Adorned; decorated. [Obs.] Milton.

                                  Adornation

   Ad`or*na"tion (#), n. Adornment. [Obs.]

                                    Adorner

   A*dorn"er (#), n. He who, or that which, adorns; a beautifier.

                                  Adorningly

   A*dorn"ing*ly, adv. By adorning; decoratively.

                                   Adornment

   A*dorn"ment  (#),  n. [Cf. OF. adornement. See Adorn.] An adorning; an
   ornament; a decoration.

                                 Adosculation

   Ad*os"cu*la"tion  (#),  n.  [L.  adosculari, adosculatum, to kiss. See
   Osculate.]   (Biol.)   Impregnation   by   external  contact,  without
   intromission.

                                     Adown

   A*down"  (#),  adv.  [OE.  adun,  adoun, adune. AS. of d\'d4ne off the
   hill.  See  Down.] From a higher to a lower situation; downward; down,
   to or on the ground. [Archaic] "Thrice did she sink adown." Spenser.

                                     Adown

   A*down", prep. Down. [Archaic & Poetic]

     Her hair adown her shoulders loosely lay displayed. Prior.

                                    Adpress

   Ad*press"  (#),  v.  t.  [L.  adpressus,  p.  p.  of  adprimere.]  See
   Appressed. -- Ad*pressed", (#), a.

                                     Adrad

   A*drad"  (#),  p.  a.  [P. p. of adread.] Put in dread; afraid. [Obs.]
   Chaucer.

                                   Adragant

   Ad"ra*gant  (#),  n. [F., a corruption of tragacanth.] Gum tragacanth.
   Brande & C.

                                    Adread

   A*dread" (#), v. t. & i. [AS. andr\'91dan, ondr\'91; pref. a- (for and
   against)  +  dr\'91den  to  dread. See Dread.] To dread. [Obs.] Sir P.
   Sidney.

                                   Adreamed

   A*dreamed" (#), p. p. Visited by a dream; -- used in the phrase, To be
   adreamed, to dream. [Obs.]

                                    Adrenal

   Ad*re"nal (#), a. [Pref. ad- + renal.] (Anat.) Suprarenal.

                                    Adrian

   A"dri*an  (#),  a. [L. Hadrianus.] Pertaining to the Adriatic Sea; as,
   Adrian billows.

                                   Adriatic

   A`dri*at"ic  (#), a. [L. Adriaticus, Hadriaticus, fr. Adria or Hadria,
   a  town  of  the  Veneti.]  Of  or  pertaining  to a sea so named, the
   northwestern part of which is known as the Gulf of Venice.

                                    Adrift

   A*drift"  (#),  adv.  &  a.  [Pref.  a- (for on) + drift.] Floating at
   random;  in a drifting condition; at the mercy of wind and waves. Also
   fig.

     So on the sea shall be set adrift. Dryden.

     Were from their daily labor turned adrift. Wordsworth.

                                     Adrip

   A*drip"  (#), adv. & a. [Pref. a- in + drip.] In a dripping state; as,
   leaves all adrip. D. G. Mitchell.

                                   Adrogate

   Ad"ro*gate  (#),  v.  t. [See Arrogate.] (Rom. Law) To adopt (a person
   who is his own master).

                                  Adrogation

   Ad`ro*ga"tion  (#),  n.  [L.  adrogatio,  arrogatio, fr. adrogare. See
   Arrogate.]  (Rom.  Law)  A  kind  of  adoption  in  ancient  Rome. See
   Arrogation.

                                    Adroit

   A*droit" (#), a. [F. adroit; \'85 (L. ad) = droit straight, right, fr.
   L.  directus,  p. p. of dirigere. See Direct.] Dexterous in the use of
   the hands or in the exercise of the mental faculties; exhibiting skill
   and  readiness  in  avoiding  danger  or escaping difficulty; ready in
   invention  or  execution;  --  applied  to persons and to acts; as, an
   adroit  mechanic,  an  adroit reply. "Adroit in the application of the
   telescope  and  quadrant."  Horsley.  "He  was  adroit  in  intrigue."
   Macaulay.  Syn.  --  Dexterous; skillful; expert; ready; clever; deft;
   ingenious; cunning; ready-witted.

                                   Adroitly

   A*droit"ly, adv. In an adroit manner.

                                  Adroitness

   A*droit"ness,  n.  The  quality  of being adroit; skill and readiness;
   dexterity.

     Adroitness was as requisite as courage. Motley.

   Syn. -- See Skill.

                                     Adry

   A*dry"  (#),  a.  [Pref.  a-  (for  on)  +  dry.]  In a dry or thirsty
   condition. "A man that is adry." Burton.

                                 Adscititious

   Ad`sci*ti"tious  (#), a. [L. adscitus, p. p. of adsciscere, asciscere,
   to  take  knowingly;  ad + sciscere to seek to know, approve, scire to
   know.]    Supplemental;    additional;    adventitious;   ascititious.
   "Adscititious evidence." Bowring. -- Ad`sci*ti"tious*ly, adv.

                                   Adscript

   Ad"script  (#),  a. [L. adscriptus, p. p. of adscribere to enroll. See
   Ascribe.]  Held  to service as attached to the soil; -- said of feudal
   serfs.

                                   Adscript

   Ad"script  (#),  n.  One  held  to service as attached to the glebe or
   estate; a feudal serf. Bancroft.

                                  Adscriptive

   Ad*scrip"tive  (#),  a.[L.  adscriptivus.  See  Adscript.] Attached or
   annexed to the glebe or estate and transferable with it. Brougham.

                                Adsignification

   Ad*sig`ni*fi*ca"tion (#), n. Additional signification. [R.] Tooke.

                                   Adsignify

   Ad*sig"ni*fy  (#),  v.  t.  [L.  adsignificare  to  show.]  To  denote
   additionally. [R.] Tooke.

                                   Adstrict

   Ad*strict"  (#),  v.  t.  --  Ad*stric"tion,  (#)  n. See Astrict, and
   Astriction.

                                  Adstrictory

   Ad*stric"to*ry (#), a. See Astrictory.

                                  Adstringent

   Ad*strin"gent (#), a. See Astringent.

                                   Adularia

   Ad`u*la"ri*a  (#),  n.  [From  Adula,  a mountain peak in Switzerland,
   where  fine  specimens are found.] (Min.) A transparent or translucent
   variety  of  common  feldspar, or orthoclase, which often shows pearly
   opalescent reflections; -- called by lapidaries moonstone.

                                    Adulate

   Ad"u*late  (#), v. t. [L. adulatus, p. p. of adulari.] To flatter in a
   servile way. Byron.

                                   Adulation

   Ad`u*la"tion  (#),  n.  [F.  adulation,  fr. L. adulatio, fr. adulari,
   adulatum,  to  flatter.] Servile flattery; praise in excess, or beyond
   what is merited.

     Think'st  thou  the  fiery fever will go out With titles blown from
     adulation? Shak.

   Syn.  --  Sycophancy; cringing; fawning; obsequiousness; blandishment.
   --  Adulation,  Flattery,  Compliment.  Men deal in compliments from a
   desire to please; they use flattery either from undue admiration, or a
   wish  to  gratify vanity; they practice adulation from sordid motives,
   and  with  a mingled spirit of falsehood and hypocrisy. Compliment may
   be  a  sincere  expression  of  due  respect  and esteem, or it may be
   unmeaning;  flattery  is  apt  to  become  gross;  adulation is always
   servile, and usually fulsome.

                                   Adulator

   Ad"u*la`tor  (#), n. [L., fr. adulari: cf. F. adulateur.] A servile or
   hypocritical flatterer. Carlyle.

                                   Adulatory

   Ad"u*la*to*ry   (#),   a.   [L.  adulatorius,  fr.  adulari:  cf.  OF.
   adulatoire.]  Containing  excessive  praise  or  compliment; servilely
   praising; flattering; as, an adulatory address.

     A mere rant of adulatory freedom. Burke.

                                  Adulatress

   Ad"u*la`tress (#), n. A woman who flatters with servility.

                                     Adult

   A*dult"  (#),  a.  [L.  adultus, p. p. of adolescere, akin to alere to
   nourish:  cf.  F.  adulte.  See  Adolescent,  Old.]  Having arrived at
   maturity,  or  to full size and strength; matured; as, an adult person
   or plant; an adult ape; an adult age.

                                     Adult

   A*dult",  n.  A  person,  animal,  or  plant  grown  to  full size and
   strength; one who has reached maturity.

     NOTE: &hand; In the common law, the term is applied to a person who
     has attained full age or legal majority; in the civil law, to males
     after the age of fourteen, and to females after twelve.

                                    Adulter

   A*dul"ter  (#), v. i. [L. adulterare.] To commit adultery; to pollute.
   [Obs.] B. Jonson.

                                  Adulterant

   A*dul"ter*ant  (#),  n.  [L.  adulterans,  p. pr. of adulterare.] That
   which  is  used  to  adulterate  anything.  --  a.  Adulterating;  as,
   adulterant agents and processes.

                                  Adulterate

   A*dul"ter*ate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adulterated (#); p. pr. & vb. n
   Adulterating  (#).]  [L. adulteratus, p. p. of adulterare, fr. adulter
   adulterer,  prob.  fr.  ad  + alter other, properly one who approaches
   another on account of unlawful love. Cf. Advoutry.]

   1. To defile by adultery. [Obs.] Milton.

   2.  To corrupt, debase, or make impure by an admixture of a foreign or
   a baser substance; as, to adulterate food, drink, drugs, coin, etc.

     The  present  war  has  .  .  . adulterated our tongue with strange
     words. Spectator.

   Syn.   --   To   corrupt;   defile;   debase;   contaminate;  vitiate;
   sophisticate.

                                  Adulterate

   A*dul"ter*ate, v. i. To commit adultery. [Obs.]

                                  Adulterate

   A*dul"ter*ate (#), a.

   1. Tainted with adultery.

   2.  Debased  by  the  admixture  of  a foreign substance; adulterated;
   spurious. -- A*dul"ter*ate*ly, adv. -- A*dul"ter*ate*ness, n.

                                 Adulteration

   A*dul`ter*a"tion (#), n. [L. adulteratio.]

   1. The act of adulterating; corruption, or debasement (esp. of food or
   drink) by foreign mixture.

     The shameless adulteration of the coin. Prescott.

   2. An adulterated state or product.

                                  Adulterator

   A*dul"ter*a`tor  (#),  n.  [L.]  One who adulterates or corrupts. [R.]
   Cudworth.

                                   Adulterer

   A*dul"ter*er  (#), n. [Formed fr. the verb adulter, with the E. ending
   -er. See Advoutrer.]

   1.  A  man  who  commits  adultery;  a  married  man  who  has  sexual
   intercourse with a woman not his wife.

   2. (Script.) A man who violates his religious covenant. Jer. ix. 2.

                                  Adulteress

   A*dul"ter*ess (#), n. [Fem. from L. adulter. Cf. Advoutress.]

   1. A woman who commits adultery.

   2. (Script.) A woman who violates her religious engagements. James iv.
   4.

                                  Adulterine

   A*dul"ter*ine  (#),  a.[L.  adulterinus, fr. adulter.] Proceeding from
   adulterous  intercourse.  Hence: Spurious; without the support of law;
   illegal.

     When  any  particular class of artificers or traders thought proper
     to  act  as  a  corporation  without  a  charter,  such were called
     adulterine guilds. Adam Smith.

                                  Adulterine

   A*dul"ter*ine, n. An illegitimate child. [R.]

                                  Adulterize

   A*dul"ter*ize (#), v. i. To commit adultery. Milton.

                                  Adulterous

   A*dul"ter*ous (#), a.

   1.  Guilty of, or given to, adultery; pertaining to adultery; illicit.
   Dryden.

   2.  Characterized  by adulteration; spurious. "An adulterous mixture."
   [Obs.] Smollett.

                                 Adulterously

   A*dul"ter*ous*ly, adv. In an adulterous manner.

                                   Adultery

   A*dul"ter*y (#), n.; pl. Adulteries(#). [L. adulterium. See Advoutry.]

   1.  The unfaithfulness of a married person to the marriage bed; sexual
   intercourse  by a married man with another than his wife, or voluntary
   sexual intercourse by a married woman with another than her husband.
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   Page 25

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  adultery on the part of the married wrongdoer.
     The word has also been used to characterize the act of an unmarried
     participator,  the  other  being  married. In the United States the
     definition  varies  with  the  local statutes. Unlawful intercourse
     between  two  married  persons is sometimes called double adultery;
     between a married and an unmarried person, single adultery.

   2. Adulteration; corruption. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

   3.  (Script.) (a) Lewdness or unchastity of thought as well as act, as
   forbidden  by  the seventh commandment. (b) Faithlessness in religion.
   Jer. iii. 9.

   4. (Old Law) The fine and penalty imposed for the offense of adultery.

   5.  (Eccl.) The intrusion of a person into a bishopric during the life
   of the bishop.

   6. Injury; degradation; ruin. [Obs.]

     You  might  wrest  the  caduceus out of my hand to the adultery and
     spoil of nature. B. Jonson.

                                   Adultness

   A*dult"ness (#), n. The state of being adult.

                                   Adumbrant

   Ad*um"brant  (#),  a.  [L.  adumbrans,  p. pr. of adumbrare.] Giving a
   faint shadow, or slight resemblance; shadowing forth.

                                   Adumbrate

   Ad*um"brate  (#),  v.  t.  [L.  adumbratus,  p.  p. of adumbrare; ad +
   umbrare to shade; umbra shadow.]

   1.  To give a faint shadow or slight representation of; to outline; to
   shadow forth.

     Both  in  the vastness and the richness of the visible universe the
     invisible God is adumbrated. L. Taylor.

   2. To overshadow; to shade.

                                  Adumbration

   Ad`um*bra"tion (#), n. [L. adumbratio.]

   1. The act of adumbrating, or shadowing forth.

   2.   A   faint   sketch;   an   outline;  an  imperfect  portrayal  or
   representation of a thing.

     Elegant adumbrations of sacred truth. Bp. Horsley.

   3. (Her.) The shadow or outlines of a figure.

                                  Adumbrative

   Ad*um"bra*tive (#), a. Faintly representing; typical. Carlyle.

                                   Adunation

   Ad`u*na"tion  (#),  n. [L. adunatio; ad + unus one.] A uniting; union.
   Jer. Taylor.

                                Adunc, Adunque

   A*dunc",  A*dunque"  (#),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Hooked; as, a parrot has an
   adunc bill.

                                   Aduncity

   A*dun"ci*ty  (#),  n. [L. aduncitas. See Aduncous.] Curvature inwards;
   hookedness.

     The aduncity of the beaks of hawks. Pope.

                                   Aduncous

   A*dun"cous  (#),  a.  [L.  aduncus;  ad  + uncus hooked, hook.] Curved
   inwards; hooked.

                                     Adure

   A*dure"  (#),  v.  t.  [L.  adurere;  ad + urere to burn.] To burn up.
   [Obs.] Bacon.

                                     Adust

   A*dust" (#), a. [L. adustus, p. p. of adurere: cf. F. aduste.]

   1. Inflamed or scorched; fiery. "The Libyan air adust." Milton.

   2. Looking as if or scorched; sunburnt.

     A tall, thin man, of an adust complexion. Sir W. Scott.

   3. (Med.) Having much heat in the constitution and little serum in the
   blood. [Obs.] Hence: Atrabilious; sallow; gloomy.

                                    Adusted

   A*dust"ed, a. Burnt; adust. [Obs.] Howell.

                                   Adustible

   A*dust"i*ble (#), a. That may be burnt. [Obs.]

                                   Adustion

   A*dus"tion  (?;  106),  n.  [L.  adustio, fr. adurere, adustum: cf. F.
   adustion.]

   1.  The act of burning, or heating to dryness; the state of being thus
   heated or dried. [Obs.] Harvey.

   2. (Surg.) Cauterization. Buchanan.

                                  Ad valorem

   Ad  va*lo"rem (#). [L., according to the value.] (Com.) A term used to
   denote  a  duty  or charge laid upon goods, at a certain rate per cent
   upon  their  value,  as stated in their invoice, -- in opposition to a
   specific  sum  upon a given quantity or number; as, an ad valorem duty
   of twenty per cent.

                                    Advance

   Ad*vance"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Advanced (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Advancing  (#)(#).] [OE. avancen, avauncen, F. avancer, fr. a supposed
   LL.  abantiare; ab + ante (F. avant) before. The spelling with d was a
   mistake, a- being supposed to be fr. L. ad. See Avaunt.]

   1.  To  bring forward; to move towards the van or front; to make to go
   on.

   2. To raise; to elevate. [Archaic]

     They . . . advanced their eyelids. Shak.

   3. To raise to a higher rank; to promote.

     Ahasueres  .  .  .  advanced  him,  and  set his seat above all the
     princes. Esther iii. 1.

   4.  To  accelerate  the growth or progress; to further; to forward; to
   help on; to aid; to heighten; as, to advance the ripening of fruit; to
   advance one's interests.

   5.  To  bring  to view or notice; to offer or propose; to show; as, to
   advance an argument.

     Some ne'er advance a judgment of their own. Pope.

   6. To make earlier, as an event or date; to hasten.

   7.  To  furnish, as money or other value, before it becomes due, or in
   aid  of  an  enterprise; to supply beforehand; as, a merchant advances
   money on a contract or on goods consigned to him.

   8.  To  raise  to a higher point; to enhance; to raise in rate; as, to
   advance the price of goods.

   9. To extol; to laud. [Obs.]

     Greatly advancing his gay chivalry. Spenser.

   Syn.  --  To  raise;  elevate;  exalt;  aggrandize; improve; heighten;
   accelerate; allege; adduce; assign.

                                    Advance

   Ad*vance", v. i.

   1. To move or go forward; to proceed; as, he advanced to greet me.

   2.  To  increase  or  make  progress in any respect; as, to advance in
   knowledge, in stature, in years, in price.

   3.  To  rise  in  rank,  office,  or  consequence;  to be preferred or
   promoted.

     Advanced to a level with ancient peers. Prescott.

                                    Advance

   Ad*vance", n. [Cf. F. avance, fr. avancer. See Advance, v.]

   1. The act of advancing or moving forward or upward; progress.

   2.  Improvement  or  progression,  physically,  mentally,  morally, or
   socially; as, an advance in health, knowledge, or religion; an advance
   in rank or office.

   3. An addition to the price; rise in price or value; as, an advance on
   the prime cost of goods.

   4. The first step towards the attainment of a result; approach made to
   gain  favor, to form an acquaintance, to adjust a difference, etc.; an
   overture; a tender; an offer; -- usually in the plural.

     [He] made the like advances to the dissenters. Swift.

   5.  A  furnishing  of  something  before an equivalent is received (as
   money  or  goods),  towards  a  capital  or stock, or on loan; payment
   beforehand; the money or goods thus furnished; money or value supplied
   beforehand.

     I shall, with pleasure, make the necessary advances. Jay.

     The  account was made up with intent to show what advances had been
     made. Kent.

   In  advance (a) In front; before. (b) Beforehand; before an equivalent
   is received. (c) In the state of having advanced money on account; as,
   A is advance to B a thousand dollars or pounds.
   
                                    Advance
                                       
   Ad*vance"  (#), a. Before in place, or beforehand in time; -- used for
   advanced;  as, an advance guard, or that before the main guard or body
   of  an  army;  advance payment, or that made before it is due; advance
   proofs,  advance  sheets,  pages  of a forthcoming volume, received in
   advance of the time of publication. 

                                   Advanced

   Ad*vanced" (#), a.

   1. In the van or front.

   2.  In  the  front or before others, as regards progress or ideas; as,
   advanced opinions, advanced thinkers.

   3. Far on in life or time.

     A  gentleman  advanced  in years, with a hard experience written in
     his wrinkles. Hawthorne.

   Advanced guard, a detachment of troops which precedes the march of the
   main body.

                                  Advancement

   Ad*vance"ment  (#), n. [OE. avancement, F. avancement. See Advance, v.
   t.]

   1.  The act of advancing, or the state of being advanced; progression;
   improvement;  furtherance; promotion to a higher place or dignity; as,
   the advancement of learning.

     In  heaven . . . every one (so well they love each other) rejoiceth
     and hath his part in each other's advancement. Sir T. More.

     True  religion  . . . proposes for its end the joint advancement of
     the virtue and happiness of the people. Horsley.

   2. An advance of money or value; payment in advance. See Advance, 5.

   3. (Law) Property given, usually by a parent to a child, in advance of
   a future distribution.

   4. Settlement on a wife, or jointure. [Obs.] Bacon.

                                   Advancer

   Ad*van"cer (#), n.

   1. One who advances; a promoter.

   2. A second branch of a buck's antler. Howell.

                                   Advancive

   Ad*van"cive (#), a. Tending to advance. [R.]

                                   Advantage

   Ad*van"tage (?; 61, 48), n. [OE. avantage, avauntage, F. avantage, fr.
   avant before. See Advance, and cf. Vantage.]

   1.  Any  condition,  circumstance, opportunity, or means, particularly
   favorable  to  success,  or to any desired end; benefit; as, the enemy
   had the advantage of a more elevated position.

     Give me advantage of some brief discourse. Shak.

     The advantages of a close alliance. Macaulay.

   2. Superiority; mastery; -- with of or over.

     Lest Satan should get an advantage of us. 2 Cor. ii. 11.

   3.  Superiority  of  state,  or  that  which  gives it; benefit; gain;
   profit; as, the advantage of a good constitution.

   4.  Interest  of  money;  increase; overplus (as the thirteenth in the
   baker's dozen). [Obs.]

     And with advantage means to pay thy love. Shak.

   Advantage  ground,  vantage  ground.  [R.]  Clarendon.  -- To have the
   advantage  of  (any one), to have a personal knowledge of one who does
   not  have  a  reciprocal  knowledge.  "You have the advantage of me; I
   don't  remember  ever  to  have  had  the honor." Sheridan. -- To take
   advantage  of, to profit by; (often used in a bad sense) to overreach,
   to  outwit.  Syn.  -- Advantage, Advantageous, Benefit, Beneficial. We
   speak  of  a  thing  as a benefit, or as beneficial, when it is simply
   productive  of  good;  as,  the  benefits  of  early  discipline;  the
   beneficial  effects of adversity. We speak of a thing as an advantage,
   or  as  advantageous, when it affords us the means of getting forward,
   and  places  us on a "vantage ground" for further effort. Hence, there
   is  a  difference  between  the  benefits  and the advantages of early
   education;  between  a  beneficial  and  an advantageous investment of
   money.

                                   Advantage

   Ad*van"tage,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Advantaged (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Advantaging  (#).]  [F. avantager, fr. avantage. See Advance.] To give
   an advantage to; to further; to promote; to benefit; to profit.

     The  truth  is,  the  archbishop's  own stiffness and averseness to
     comply  with  the court designs, advantaged his adversaries against
     him. Fuller.

     What  is  a  man  advantaged,  if he gain the whole world, and lose
     himself, or be cast away? Luke ix. 25.

   To advantage one's self of, to avail one's self of. [Obs.]

                                 Advantageable

   Ad*van"tage*a*ble (#), a. Advantageous. [Obs.]

                                 Advantageous

   Ad`van*ta"geous  (#),  a.  [F.  avantageux,  fr.  avantage.]  Being of
   advantage;   conferring   advantage;   gainful;   profitable;  useful;
   beneficial;  as,  an advantageous position; trade is advantageous to a
   nation.

     Advabtageous comparison with any other country. Prescott.

     You  see  . . . of what use a good reputation is, and how swift and
     advantageous a harbinger it is, wherever one goes. Chesterfield.

                                Advantageously

   Ad`van*ta"geous*ly, adv. Profitably; with advantage.

                               Advantageousness

   Ad`van*ta"geous*ness, n. Profitableness.

                                    Advene

   Ad*vene"  (#), v. i. [L. advenire; ad + venire to come: cf. F. avenir,
   advenir.  See Come.] To accede, or come (to); to be added to something
   or become a part of it, though not essential. [R.]

     Where no act of the will advenes as a coefficient. Coleridge.

                                   Advenient

   Ad*ven"ient  (#),  a. [L. adviens, p. pr.] Coming from outward causes;
   superadded. [Obs.]

                                    Advent

   Ad`vent  (#),  n.  [L. adventus, fr. advenire, adventum: cf. F. avent.
   See Advene.]

   1. (Eccl.) The period including the four Sundays before Christmas.
   Advent Sunday (Eccl.), the first Sunday in the season of Advent, being
   always  the  nearest  Sunday  to  the  feast  of St. Andrew (Now. 30).
   Shipley.

   2. The first or the expected second coming of Christ.

   3. Coming; any important arrival; approach.

     Death's dreadful advent. Young.

     Expecting still his advent home. Tennyson.

                                   Adventist

   Ad"vent*ist  (#),  n.  One  of  a  religious  body,  embracing several
   branches,  who  look  for  the proximate personal coming of Christ; --
   called also Second Adventists. Schaff-Herzog Encyc.

                                 Adventitious

   Ad`ven*ti"tious (#), a. [L. adventitius.]

   1.  Added  extrinsically;  not  essentially  inherent;  accidental  or
   causal; additional; supervenient; foreign.

     To  things of great dimensions, if we annex an adventitious idea of
     terror, they become without comparison greater. Burke.

   2.  (Nat.  Hist.)  Out  of the proper or usual place; as, adventitious
   buds or roots.

   3.  (Bot.)  Accidentally  or  sparingly  spontaneous  in  a country or
   district;  not  fully  naturalized;  adventive;  -- applied to foreign
   plants.

   4.  (Med.)  Acquired,  as diseases; accidental. -- Ad`ven*ti"tious*ly,
   adv. -- Ad`ven*ti"tious*ness, n.

                                   Adventive

   Ad*ven"tive (#), a.

   1. Accidental.

   2. (Bot.) Adventitious. Gray.

                                   Adventive

   Ad*ven"tive,  n.  A thing or person coming from without; an immigrant.
   [R.] Bacon.

                                   Adventual

   Ad*ven"tu*al (?; 135), a. Relating to the season of advent. Sanderson.

                                   Adventure

   Ad*ven"ture  (?;  135),  n. [OE. aventure, aunter, anter, F. aventure,
   fr.  LL. adventura, fr. L. advenire, adventum, to arrive, which in the
   Romance languages took the sense of "to happen, befall." See Advene.]

   1.  That  which  happens  without  design; chance; hazard; hap; hence,
   chance of danger or loss.

     Nay,  a  far less good to man it will be found, if she must, at all
     adventures, be fastened upon him individually. Milton.

   2. Risk; danger; peril. [Obs.]

     He was in great adventure of his life. Berners.

   3.  The  encountering  of  risks; hazardous and striking enterprise; a
   bold  undertaking,  in  which  hazards  are to be encountered, and the
   issue is staked upon unforeseen events; a daring feat.

     He loved excitement and adventure. Macaulay.

   4. A remarkable occurrence; a striking event; a stirring incident; as,
   the adventures of one's life. Bacon.

   5.  A  mercantile  or  speculative  enterprise of hazard; a venture; a
   shipment by a merchant on his own account.
   A  bill  of  adventure  (Com.), a writing setting forth that the goods
   shipped  are  at  the  owner's  risk. Syn. -- Undertaking; enterprise;
   venture; event.

                                   Adventure

   Ad*ven"ture,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p. Adventured (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Adventuring (#).] [OE. aventuren, auntren, F. aventurer, fr. aventure.
   See Adventure, n.]

   1. To risk, or hazard; jeopard; to venture.

     He would not adventure himself into the theater. Acts xix. 31.

   2. To venture upon; to run the risk of; to dare.

     Yet they adventured to go back. Bunyan,

     Discriminations might be adventured. J. Taylor.

                                   Adventure

   Ad*ven"ture, v. i. To try the chance; to take the risk.

     I would adventure for such merchandise. Shak.

                                 Adventureful

   Ad*ven"ture*ful (#), a. Given to adventure.

                                  Adventurer

   Ad*ven"tur*er (#), n. [Cf. F. aventurier.]

   1. One who adventures; as, the merchant adventurers; one who seeks his
   fortune in new and hazardous or perilous enterprises.

   2. A social pretender on the lookout for advancement.

                                 Adventuresome

   Ad*ven"ture*some  (#),  a.  Full of risk; adventurous; venturesome. --
   Ad*ven"ture*some*ness, n.

                                  Adventuress

   Ad*ven"tur*ess  (#), n. A female adventurer; a woman who tries to gain
   position by equivocal means.

                                  Adventurous

   Ad*ven"tur*ous  (#),  a. [OE. aventurous, aunterous, OF. aventuros, F.
   aventureux, fr. aventure. See Adventure, n.]

   1.  Inclined to adventure; willing to incur hazard; prone to embark in
   hazardous enterprise; rashly daring; -- applied to persons.

     Bold deed thou hast presumed, adventurous Eve. Milton.

   2.  Full  of hazard; attended with risk; exposing to danger; requiring
   courage;  rash;  --  applied  to acts; as, an adventurous undertaking,
   deed,  song.  Syn.  --  Rash;  foolhardy;  presumptuous; enterprising;
   daring; hazardous; venturesome. See Rash.

                                 Adventurously

   Ad*ven"tur*ous*ly,  adv.  In  an  adventurous  manner;  venturesomely;
   boldly; daringly.

                                Adventurousness

   Ad*ven"tur*ous*ness,  n.  The  quality  or state of being adventurous;
   daring; venturesomeness.

                                    Adverb

   Ad"verb  (#),  n.  [L.  adverbium;  ad  +  verbum  word,  verb: cf. F.
   adverbe.]  (Gram.)  A  word  used  to  modify  the  sense  of  a verb,
   participle,  adjective,  or  other adverb, and usually placed near it;
   as, he writes well; paper extremely white.

                                   Adverbial

   Ad*ver"bi*al  (#),  a.  [L.  adverbialis:  cf.  F.  adverbial.]  Of or
   pertaining  to an adverb; of the nature of an adverb; as, an adverbial
   phrase or form.

                                 Adverbiality

   Ad*ver`bi*al"i*ty (#), n. The quality of being adverbial. Earle.

                                 Adverbialize

   Ad*ver"bi*al*ize (#), v. t. To give the force or form of an adverb to.

                                  Adverbially

   Ad*ver"bi*al*ly, adv. In the manner of an adverb.

                                  Adversaria

   Ad`ver*sa"ri*a  (#), n. pl. [L. adversaria (sc. scripta), neut. pl. of
   adversarius.]   A  miscellaneous  collection  of  notes,  remarks,  or
   selections; a commonplace book; also, commentaries or notes.

     These  parchments  are supposed to have been St. Paul's adversaria.
     Bp. Bull.

                                 Adversarious

   Ad`ver*sa"ri*ous (#), a. Hostile. [R.] Southey.

                                   Adversary

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a foe.> Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries
   (#).  [OE.  adversarie,  direct fr. the Latin, and adversaire, fr. OF.
   adversier,  aversier,  fr.  L. adversarius (a.) turned toward, (n.) an
   adversary.  See  Adverse.] One who is turned against another or others
   with a design to oppose
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 26

   or resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent;
   an antagonist; an enemy; a foe.

     His ancient knot of dangerous adversaries. Shak.

     Agree with thine adversary quickly. Matt. v. 25.

     It  may  be thought that to vindicate the permanency of truth is to
     dispute without an adversary. Beattie.

   The  Adversary,  The  Satan,  or  the Devil. Syn. -- Adversary, Enemy,
   Opponent,  Antagonist.  Enemy  is  the  only  one of these words which
   necessarily  implies  a  state  of  personal  hostility.  Men  may  be
   adversaries,  antagonists,  or  opponents  to  each  other  in certain
   respects,  and yet have no feelings of general animosity. An adversary
   may  be  simply one who is placed for a time in a hostile position, as
   in  a lawsuit, an argument, in chess playing, or at fence. An opponent
   is  one  who  is  ranged  against  another  (perhaps passively) on the
   opposing  side;  as  a  political  opponent, an opponent in debate. An
   antagonist  is  one  who struggles against another with active effort,
   either in a literal fight or in verbal debate.

                                   Adversary

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad"ver*sa*ry (#), a.

   1. Opposed; opposite; adverse; antagonistic. [Archaic] Bp. King.

   2.  (Law)  Having  an  opposing party; not unopposed; as, an adversary
   suit.

                                  Adversative

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad*ver"sa*tive (#), a. [L. adversativus,
   fr. adversari.] Expressing contrariety, opposition, or antithesis; as,
   an  adversative conjunction (but, however, yet, etc. ); an adversative
   force. -- Ad*ver"sa*tive*ly, adv.

                                  Adversative

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an enemy; a foe.> Ad*ver"sa*tive, n. An adversative word.
   Harris.

                                    Adverse

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad"verse (#), a. [OE. advers, OF. avers,
   advers, fr. L. adversus, p. p. advertere to turn to. See Advert.]

   1.  Acting  against,  or  in  a contrary direction; opposed; contrary;
   opposite;  conflicting;  as, adverse winds; an adverse party; a spirit
   adverse to distinctions of caste.

   2. Opposite. "Calpe's adverse height." Byron.

   3.  In  hostile  opposition to; unfavorable; unpropitious; contrary to
   one's   wishes;  unfortunate;  calamitous;  afflictive;  hurtful;  as,
   adverse fates, adverse circumstances, things adverse.

     Happy  were  it for us all if we bore prosperity as well and wisely
     as we endure an adverse fortune. Southey.

   Adverse  possession  (Law),  a  possession  of  real property avowedly
   contrary  to  some  claim  of title in another person. Abbott. Syn. --
   Averse; reluctant; unwilling. See Averse.

                                    Adverse

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an enemy; a foe.> Ad*verse" (#), v. t. [L. adversari: cf.
   OF. averser.] To oppose; to resist. [Obs.] Gower.

                                   Adversely

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a foe.> Ad"verse*ly (277), adv. In an adverse
   manner; inimically; unfortunately; contrariwise.

                                  Adverseness

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy; a foe.> Ad"verse*ness, n. The quality or state
   of being adverse; opposition.

                        Adversifoliate, Adversifolious

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;    an    enemy;    a    foe.>   Ad*ver`si*fo"li*ate   (#),
   Ad*ver`si*fo"li*ous  (#)  a.  [L.  adver + folium leaf.] (Bot.) Having
   opposite  leaves,  as  plants which have the leaves so arranged on the
   stem.

                                   Adversion

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.>  Ad*ver"sion  (#), n.[L. adversio] A
   turning towards; attention. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.

                                   Adversity

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;   an   enemy;   a   foe.>   Ad*ver"si*ty   (#),   n.;  pl.
   Adversities(#). [OE. adversite, F. adversit\'82, fr. L. adversitas.]

   1. Opposition; contrariety. [Obs.] Wyclif.

     Adversity is not without comforts and hopes. Bacon.

   Syn.  --  Affliction;  distress; misery; disaster; trouble; suffering;
   trial.

                                    Advert

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.>  Ad*vert"  (#),  v. i. [imp. & p. p.
   Adverted;  p.  pr.  & vb. n. Adverting.] [L. advertere, v. t., to turn
   to;  ad + vertere to turn: cf. F. avertir. See Advertise.] To turn the
   mind  or  attention; to refer; to take heed or notice; -- with to; as,
   he adverted to what was said.

     I may again advert to the distinction. Owen.

   Syn.- To refer; allude; regard. See Refer.

                            Advertence, Advertency

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad*vert"ence (#), Ad*vert"en*cy (#),[OF.
   advertence,   avertence,   LL.  advertentia,  fr.  L.  advertens.  See
   Advertent.]  The  act of adverting, of the quality of being advertent;
   attention; notice; regard; heedfulness.

     To  this  difference  it  is right that advertence should be had in
     regulating taxation. J. S. Mill.

                                   Advertent

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.>  Ad*vert"ent  (#), a. [L. advertens,
   -entis,   p.  pr.  of  advertere.  See  Advert.]  Attentive;  heedful;
   regardful. Sir M. Hale. -- Ad*vert"ent*ly, adv.

                                   Advertise

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an enemy; a foe.> Ad`ver*tise" (?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p.
   p.  Advertised  (#);  p.  pr.  & vb. n. Advertising (#).] [F. avertir,
   formerly also spelt advertir, to warn, give notice to, L. advertere to
   turn to. The ending was probably influenced by the noun advertisement.
   See  Advert.]  To  give notice to; to inform or apprise; to notify; to
   make known; hence, to warn; -- often followed by of before the subject
   of information; as, to advertise a man of his loss. [Archaic]

     I will advertise thee what this people shall do. Num. xxiv. 14.

   4.  To  give public notice of; to announce publicly, esp. by a printed
   notice;  as,  to advertise goods for sale, a lost article, the sailing
   day of a vessel, a political meeting. Syn. -- To apprise; inform; make
   known; notify; announce; proclaim; promulgate; publish.

                                 Advertisement

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;   an   enemy;   a  foe.>  Ad*ver"tise*ment  (?;  277),  n.
   [F.avertisement,  formerly  also  spelled  advertissement,  a warning,
   giving notice, fr. avertir.]

   1. The act of informing or notifying; notification. [Archaic]

     An advertisement of danger. Bp. Burnet.

   2. Admonition; advice; warning. [Obs.]

     Therefore   give   me   no  counsel:  My  griefs  cry  louder  than
     advertisement. Shak.

   3.  A  public  notice,  especially a paid notice in some public print;
   anything   that   advertises;   as,   a   newspaper   containing  many
   advertisement.

                                  Advertiser

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy; a foe.> Ad`ver*tis"er (#), n. One who, or that
   which, advertises.

                                    Advice

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy; a foe.> Ad*vice" (#), n. [OE. avis, F. avis; +
   OF.  vis, fr. L. visum seemed, seen; really p. p. of videre to see, so
   that  vis meant that which has seemed best. See Vision, and cf. Avise,
   Advise.]

   1.  An  opinion  recommended  or  offered,  as  worthy to be followed;
   counsel.

     We may give advice, but we can not give conduct. Franklin.

   2. Deliberate consideration; knowledge. [Obs.]

     How  shall I dote on her with more advice, That thus without advice
     begin to love her? Shak.

   3.  Information  or  notice given; intelligence; as, late advices from
   France; -- commonly in the plural.

     NOTE: &hand; In   co  mmercial la  nguage, ad  vice us ually me ans
     information communicated by letter; -- used chiefly in reference to
     drafts or bills of exchange; as, a letter of advice.

   McElrath.

   4. (Crim. Law) Counseling to perform a specific illegal act. Wharton.
   Advice  boat, a vessel employed to carry dispatches or to reconnoiter;
   a  dispatch  boat.  --  To  take  advice. (a) To accept advice. (b) To
   consult   with   another  or  others.  Syn.  --  Counsel;  suggestion;
   recommendation; admonition; exhortation; information; notice.

                                 Advisability

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad*vis`a*bil"i*ty (#), n. The quality of
   being advisable; advisableness.

                                   Advisable

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad*vis"a*ble (#), a.

   1. Proper to be advised or to be done; expedient; prudent.

     Some  judge  it advisable for a man to account with his heart every
     day. South.

   2.  Ready  to  receive  advice. [R.] South. Syn. -- Expedient; proper;
   desirable; befitting.

                                Advisable-ness

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.> Ad*vis"a*ble-ness, n. The quality of
   being advisable or expedient; expediency; advisability.

                                   Advisably

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad*vis"a*bly, adv. With advice; wisely.

                                    Advise

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.>  Ad*vise"  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p.
   Advised  (#);  p. pr. & vb. n. Advising (#).] [OE. avisen to perceive,
   consider,  inform, F. aviser, fr. LL. advisare. advisare; ad + visare,
   fr. L. videre, visum, to see. See Advice, and cf. Avise.]

   1.  To  give advice to; to offer an opinion, as worthy or expedient to
   be  followed;  to  counsel;  to  warn.  "I shall no more advise thee."
   Milton.

   2.  To give information or notice to; to inform; -- with of before the
   thing communicated; as, we were advised of the risk.
   To  advise  one's  self,  to  bethink one's self; to take counsel with
   one's self; to reflect; to consider. [Obs.]

     Bid thy master well advise himself. Shak.

   Syn. -- To counsel; admonish; apprise; acquaint.

                                    Advise

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad*vise", v. t.

   1. To consider; to deliberate. [Obs.]

     Advise if this be worth attempting. Milton.

   2.  To  take  counsel;  to consult; -- followed by with; as, to advise
   with friends.

                                   Advisedly

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad*vis"ed*ly (#), adv.

   1. Circumspectly; deliberately; leisurely. [Obs.] Shak.

   2.   With   deliberate   purpose;  purposely;  by  design.  "Advisedly
   undertaken." Suckling.

                                  Advisedness

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;   an   enemy;   a   foe.>   Ad*vis"ed*ness  n.  Deliberate
   consideration; prudent procedure; caution.

                                  Advisement

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an enemy; a foe.> Ad*vise"ment (#), n. [OE. avisement, F.
   avisement, fr. aviser. See Advise, and cf. Avisement.]

   1. Counsel; advise; information. [Archaic]

     And  mused  awhile,  waking  advisement takes of what had passed in
     sleep. Daniel.

   2. Consideration; deliberation; consultation.

     Tempering the passion with advisement slow. Spenser.

                                    Adviser

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad*vis"er (#), n. One who advises.

                                  Advisership

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.>  Ad*vis"er*ship, n. The office of an
   adviser. [R.]

                                    Adviso

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.> Ad*vi"so (#), n. [Cf. Sp. aviso. See
   Advice.] Advice; counsel; suggestion; also, a dispatch or advice boat.
   [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

                                   Advisory

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.>  Ad*vi"so*ry (#), a. Having power to
   advise;  containing  advice; as, an advisory council; their opinion is
   merely advisory.

     The General Association has a general advisory superintendence over
     all the ministers and churches. Trumbull.

                                   Advocacy

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an enemy; a foe.> Ad"vo*ca*cy (#), n. [OF. advocatie, LL.
   advocatia.  See Advocate.] The act of pleading for or supporting; work
   of advocating; intercession.

                                   Advocate

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an enemy; a foe.> Ad"vo*cate (#), n. [OE. avocat, avocet,
   OF.  avocat,  fr.  L.  advocatus,  one  summoned or called to another;
   properly  the  p.  p.  of advocare to call to, call to one's aid; ad +
   vocare to call. See Advowee, Avowee, Vocal.]

   1.  One  who pleads the cause of another. Specifically: One who pleads
   the cause of another before a tribunal or judicial court; a counselor.

     NOTE: &hand; In  the English and American Law, advocate is the same
     as  "counsel,"  "counselor,"  or  "barrister."  In  the  civil  and
     ecclesiastical  courts, the term signifies the same as "counsel" at
     the common law.

   2.  One  who defends, vindicates, or espouses any cause by argument; a
   pleader; as, an advocate of free trade, an advocate of truth.

   3. Christ, considered as an intercessor.

     We have an Advocate with the Father. 1 John ii. 1.

   Faculty  of  advocates (Scot.), the Scottish bar in Edinburgh. -- Lord
   advocate (Scot.), the public prosecutor of crimes, and principal crown
   lawyer. -- Judge advocate. See under Judge.

                                   Advocate

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.>  Ad"vo*cate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p.
   Advocated  (#);  p.  pr.  & vb. n. Advocating (#).] [See Advocate, n.,
   Advoke,  Avow.]  To plead in favor of; to defend by argument, before a
   tribunal or the public; to support, vindicate, or recommend publicly.

     To advocate the cause of thy client. Bp. Sanderson (1624).

     This  is  the  only  thing  distinct  and  sensible,  that has been
     advocated. Burke.

     Eminent orators were engaged to advocate his cause. Mitford.

                                   Advocate

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a foe.> Ad"vo*cate, v. i. To act as advocate.
   [Obs.] Fuller.

                                 Advocateship

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad"vo*cate*ship, n. Office or duty of an
   advocate.

                                  Advocation

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad`vo*ca"tion (#), n. [L. advocatio: cf.
   OF. avocation. See Advowson.]

   1. The act of advocating or pleading; plea; advocacy. [Archaic]

     The  holy  Jesus . . . sits in heaven in a perpetual advocation for
     us. Jer. Taylor.

   2. Advowson. [Obs.]

     The donations or advocations of church livings. Sanderson.

   3.  (Scots Law) The process of removing a cause from an inferior court
   to the supreme court. Bell.

                                  Advocatory

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an enemy; a foe.> Ad"vo*ca*to*ry (#), a. Of or pertaining
   to an advocate. [R.]

                                    Advoke

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a foe.> Ad*voke" (#), v. t. [L. advocare. See
   Advocate.] To summon; to call. [Obs.]

     Queen Katharine had privately prevailed with the pope to advoke the
     cause to Rome. Fuller.

                                  Advolution

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.> Ad`vo*lu"tion (#), n. [L. advolvere,
   advolutum, to roll to.] A rolling toward something. [R.]

                                   Advoutrer

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.>  Ad*vou"trer  (#),  n. [OF. avoutre,
   avoltre, fr. L. adulter. Cf. Adulterer.] An adulterer. [Obs.]

                                  Advoutress

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.>  Ad*vou"tress (#), n. An adulteress.
   [Obs.] Bacon.

                              Advoutry, Advowtry

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.>  Ad*vou"try, Ad*vow"try (#), n. [OE.
   avoutrie,  avouterie,  advoutrie,  OF.  avoutrie,  avulterie,  fr.  L.
   adulterium. Cf. Adultery.] Adultery. [Obs.] Bacon.

                                    Advowee

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.>  Ad*vow*ee"  (#),  n. [OE. avowe, F.
   avou\'82, fr. L. advocatus. See Advocate, Avowee, Avoyer.] One who has
   an advowson. Cowell.

                                   Advowson

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad*vow"son (?; 277), n. [OE. avoweisoun,
   OF.  avo\'89son,  fr.  L.  advocatio.  Cf. Advocation.] (Eng. Law) The
   right  of  presenting  to  a  vacant benefice or living in the church.
   [Originally,  the  relation  of a patron (advocatus) or protector of a
   benefice, and thus privileged to nominate or present to it.]

     NOTE: &hand; Th e be nefices of  the Church of England are in every
     case  subjects  of  presentation. They are nearly 12,000 in number;
     the  advowson of more than half of them belongs to private persons,
     and  of  the  remainder  to the crown, bishops, deans and chapters,
     universities, and colleges.

   Amer. Cyc.

                                    Advoyer

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad*voy"er (#), n. See Avoyer. [Obs.]

                                    Adward

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad*ward" (#), n. Award. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                   Adynamia

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an enemy; a foe.> Ad`y*na"mi*a (#), n. [NL. adynamia, fr.
   Gr.  (Med.)  Considerable  debility of the vital powers, as in typhoid
   fever. Dunglison.

                                   Adynamic

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an enemy; a foe.> Ad`y*nam"ic (#), a. [Cf. F. adynamique.
   See Adynamy.]

   1.  (Med.)  Pertaining  to, or characterized by, debility of the vital
   powers; weak.

   2. (Physics) Characterized by the absence of power or force.
   Adynamic  fevers,  malignant  or  putrid  fevers  attended  with great
   muscular debility.

                                    Adynamy

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> A*dyn"a*my (#), n. Adynamia. [R.] Morin.

                                    Adytum

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> Ad"y*tum (#), n. Adyta (#). [L., fr. Gr.
   The  innermost  sanctuary or shrine in ancient temples, whence oracles
   were given. Hence: A private chamber; a sanctum.

                                   Adz, Adze

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.>  Adz, Adze (#), n. [OE. adese, adis,
   adse,  AS. adesa, adese, ax, hatchet.] A carpenter's or cooper's tool,
   formed with a thin arching blade set at right angles to the handle. It
   is used for chipping or slicing away the surface of wood.

                                      Adz

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.>  Adz, v. t. To cut with an adz. [R.]
   Carlyle.

                                  \'92 or Ae

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.> \'92 or Ae. A diphthong in the Latin
   language;  used  also by the Saxon writers. It answers to the Gr. \'91
   was  generally  replaced  by  a, the long e or ee. In derivatives from
   Latin  words  with  ae,  it  is mostly superseded by e. For most words
   found  with this initial combination, the reader will therefore search
   under the letter E.

                                  \'92cidium

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.> \'92*cid"i*um (#), n.; pl. \'92cidia
   (#).  [NL.,  dim.  of  Gr.  (Bot.)  A  form  of  fruit in the cycle of
   development  of  the  Rusts  or  Brands,  an  order of fungi, formerly
   considered independent plants.

                                   \'92dile

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> \'92"dile (#), n. [L. aedilis, fr. aedes
   temple, public building. Cf. Edify.] A magistrate in ancient Rome, who
   had  the  superintendence  of public buildings, highways, shows, etc.;
   hence, a municipal officer.

                                 \'92dileship

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a  foe.>  \'92"dile*ship, n. The office of an
   \'91dile. T. Arnold.

                                   \'92gean

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> \'92*ge"an (#), a. [L. Aegeus; Gr. Of or
   pertaining  to  the  sea,  or  arm  of  the Mediterranean sea, east of
   Greece. See Archipelago.

                                 \'92gicrania

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy; a foe.> \'92`gi*cra"ni*a (#), n. pl. [NL., fr.
   Gr.  (Arch.)  Sculptured  ornaments,  used  in classical architecture,
   representing rams' heads or skulls.

                                  \'92gilops

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> \'92g"i*lops (#), n. [L. aegilopis, Gr.

   1. (Med.) An ulcer or fistula in the inner corner of the eye.

   2. (Bot.) (a) The great wild-oat grass or other cornfield weed. Crabb.
   (b) A genus of plants, called also hardgrass.

                                    \'92gis

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a foe.> \'92"gis (#), n. [L. aegis, fr. Gr. A
   shield  or  protective armor; -- applied in mythology to the shield of
   Jupiter which he gave to Minerva. Also fig.: A shield; a protection.

                                  \'92gophony

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> \'92*goph"o*ny (#), n. Same as Egophony.

                                  \'92grotat

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy; a foe.> \'92*gro"tat (#), n. [L., he is sick.]
   (Camb. Univ.) A medical certificate that a student is ill.

                                   \'92neid

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> \'92*ne"id (#), n. [L. Aeneis, Aeneidis,
   or -dos: cf. F. .] The great epic poem of Virgil, of which the hero is
   \'92neas.

                                  A\'89neous

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist;  an  enemy;  a foe.> A*\'89"ne*ous (#), a. [L. a\'89neus.]
   (Zo\'94l.) Colored like bronze.

                                   \'92olian

   Ad`ver*sa*ry (#), n.; pl. Adversaries (#). [OE. adversarie, direct fr.
   the  Latin,  and  adversaire,  fr.  OF.  adversier,  aversier,  fr. L.
   adversarius  (a.)  turned toward, (n.) an adversary. See Adverse.] One
   who  is  turned against another or others with a design to oppose26 or
   resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an
   antagonist; an enemy; a foe.> \'92*o"li*an (#), a. [L. Aeolius, Gr.

   1.  Of or pertaining to \'92olia or \'92olis, in Asia Minor, colonized
   by  the  Greeks,  or  to  its inhabitants; \'91olic; as, the \'92olian
   dialect.

   2. Pertaining to \'92olus, the mythic god of the winds; pertaining to,
   or produced by, the wind; a\'89rial.

     Viewless forms the \'91olian organ play. Campbell.

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 27

   volume  of  sound,  etc., by forcing a stream of air upon the strings.
   Moore.  --  >mcol>\'92olian harp, \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument
   consisting  of  a  box, on or in which are stretched strings, on which
   the  wind  acts  to  produce  the  notes; -- usually placed at an open
   window. Moore. --
   \'92olian   mode   (Mus.),   one   of  the  ancient  Greek  and  early
   ecclesiastical modes.

                                   \'92olic

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92*ol"ic  (#),  a.  [L. Aeolicus; Gr. \'92olian, 1; as, the \'92olic
   dialect; the \'92olic mode.

                           \'92olipile, \'92olipyle

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92*ol"i*pile,  \'92*ol"i*pyle  (#), n. [L. aeolipilae; Aeolus god of
   the  winds  +  pila a ball, or Gr. i. e., doorway of \'92olus); cf. F.
   \'82olipyle.] An apparatus consisting chiefly of a closed vessel (as a
   globe  or  cylinder)  with  one or more projecting bent tubes, through
   which  steam  is  made to pass from the vessel, causing it to revolve.
   [Written also eolipile.]

     NOTE: &hand; Su ch an  ap paratus wa s fi rst de scribed by Hero of
     Alexandria about 200 years b. c. It has often been called the first
     steam engine.

                                 \'92olotropic

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92`o*lo*trop"ic  (#),  a.  [Gr.  (Physics) Exhibiting differences of
   quality  or  property  in  different directions; not isotropic. Sir W.
   Thomson.

                                 \'92olotropy

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92`o*lot"ro*py  (#),  n. (Physics) Difference of quality or property
   in different directions.

                                   \'92olus

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92"o*lus  (#),  n.  [L.,  fr.  Gr. (Gr. & Rom. Myth.) The god of the
   winds.

                                    \'92on

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92"on  (#), n. A period of immeasurable duration; also, an emanation
   of the Deity. See Eon.

                                   \'92onian

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92*o"ni*an  (#),  a.  [Gr.  Eternal; everlasting. "\'92onian hills."
   Tennyson.

                                  \'92pyornis

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92`py*or"nis   (#),   n.  [Gr.  A  gigantic  bird  found  fossil  in
   Madagascar.

                                   A\'89rate

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*ate  (#),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. A (#); p. pr. & vb. n. A (#).]
   [Cf. F. a\'82rer. See Air,v. t.]

   1.  To  combine  or  charge  with gas; usually with carbonic acid gas,
   formerly called fixed air.

     His  sparkling  sallies  bubbled  up  as  from  a\'89rated  natural
     fountains. Carlyle.

   2.  To supply or impregnate with common air; as, to a\'89rate soil; to
   a\'89rate water.

   3.  (Physiol.)  To  expose to the chemical action of air; to oxygenate
   (the blood) by respiration; to arterialize.
   A\'89rated  bread,  bread  raised by charging dough with carbonic acid
   gas, instead of generating the gas in the dough by fermentation.

                                  A\'89ration

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*a"tion (#), n. [Cf. F. a\'82ration.]

   1.  Exposure to the free action of the air; airing; as, a\'89ration of
   soil, of spawn, etc.

   2. (Physiol.) A change produced in the blood by exposure to the air in
   respiration; oxygenation of the blood in respiration; arterialization.

   3.  The  act or preparation of charging with carbonic acid gas or with
   oxygen.

                                  A\'89rator

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*a`tor  (#), n. That which supplies with air; esp. an apparatus
   used for charging mineral waters with gas and in making soda water.

                                   A\'89rial

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A*\'89"ri*al (#), a. [L. a\'89rius. See Air.]

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  air,  or  atmosphere;  inhabiting  or
   frequenting the air; produced by or found in the air; performed in the
   air;  as,  a\'89rial regions or currents. "A\'89rial spirits." Milton.
   "A\'89rial voyages." Darwin.

   2.  Consisting  of air; resembling, or partaking of the nature of air.
   Hence: Unsubstantial; unreal.

   3. Rising aloft in air; high; lofty; as, a\'89rial spires.

   4.  Growing, forming, or existing in the air, as opposed to growing or
   existing  in  earth  or water, or underground; as, a\'89rial rootlets,
   a\'89rial plants. Gray.

   5. Light as air; ethereal.
   A\'89rial  acid,  carbonic acid. [Obs.] Ure. -- A\'89rial perspective.
   See Perspective.

                                 A\'89riality

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A*\'89`ri*al"i*ty  (#),  n.  The  state  of  being  a\'89rial; [R.] De
   Quincey.

                                  A\'89rially

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A*\'89"ri*al*ly  (#),  adv.  Like,  or  from, the air; in an a\'89rial
   manner. "A murmur heard a\'89rially." Tennyson.

                                     Aerie

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   Ae"rie  (?; 277), n. [OE. aire, eire, air, nest, also origin, descent,
   OF. aire, LL. area, aera, nest of a bird of prey, perh. fr. L. area an
   open  space  (for  birds of prey like to build their nests on flat and
   open  spaces  on the top of high rocks). Cf. Area.] The nest of a bird
   of  prey,  as  of an eagle or hawk; also a brood of such birds; eyrie.
   Shak.  Also  fig.:  A human residence or resting place perched like an
   eagle's nest.

                                 A\'89riferous

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*if"er*ous   (#),   a.   [L.  a\'89r  air  +  -ferous:  cf.  F.
   a\'82rif\'8are.]  Conveying  or  containing  air; air-bearing; as, the
   windpipe is an a\'89riferous tube.

                                A\'89rification

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*i*fi*ca"tion (#), n. [Cf. F. a\'82rification. See A.]

   1.  The  act  of combining air with another substance, or the state of
   being filled with air.

   2.  The  act  of  becoming a\'89rified, or of changing from a solid or
   liquid form into an a\'89riform state; the state of being a\'89riform.

                                  A\'89riform

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*i*form   (?;   277),  a.  [L.  a\'89r  air  +  -form:  cf.  F.
   a\'82riforme.]  Having  the  form  or  nature of air, or of an elastic
   fluid; gaseous. Hence fig.: Unreal.

                                   A\'89rify

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*i*fy (#), v. t. [L. a\'89r air + -fly.]

   1. To infuse air into; to combine air with.

   2. To change into an a\'89riform state.

                                   A\'89ro-

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*o-. [Gr. The combining form of the Greek word meaning air.

                                  A\'89robies

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*o*bies  (#),  n. pl. [A\'89ro- + Gr. (Biol.) Micro\'94rganisms
   which  live  in contact with the air and need oxygen for their growth;
   as the microbacteria which form on the surface of putrefactive fluids.

                                 A\'89robiotic

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*o*bi*ot"ic  (?;  101), a. (Biol.) Related to, or of the nature
   of,  a\'89robies;  as,  a\'89robiotic  plants,  which  live  only when
   supplied with free oxygen.

                                  A\'89rcyst

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*cyst (#), n. [A\'89ro- + cyst.] (Bot.) One of the air cells of
   algals.

                                A\'89rodynamic

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*o*dy*nam"ic (#), a. Pertaining to the force of air in motion.

                                A\'89rodynamics

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*o*dy*nam"ics   (#),   n.   [A\'89ro-   +   dynamics:   cf.  F.
   a\'82rodynamique.]  The  science  which  treats  of  the air and other
   gaseous  bodies  under  the  action  of force, and of their mechanical
   effects.

                                 A\'89rognosy

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*og"no*sy  (#),  n. [A\'89ro- + Gr. a\'82rognosie.] The science
   which treats of the properties of the air, and of the part it plays in
   nature. Craig.

                                A\'89rographer

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*og"ra*pher   (#),   n.   One   versed   in   a\'89ography:  an
   a\'89rologist.

                       A\'89rographic, A\'89rographical

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*o*graph"ic  (#),  A`\'89r*o*graph"ic*al  (#), a. Pertaining to
   a\'89rography; a\'89rological.

                                 A\'89rography

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*og"ra*phy (#), n. [A\'89ro- + -graphy: cf. F. a\'82rographie.]
   A description of the air or atmosphere; a\'89rology.

                              A\'89rohydrodynamic

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*o*hy`dro*dy*nam"ic  (#),  a. [A\'89ro- + hydrodynamic.] Acting
   by the force of air and water; as, an a\'89rohydrodynamic wheel.

                                  A\'89rolite

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*o*lite  (#),  n.  [A\'89ro-  +  -lite:  cf.  F. a\'82rolithe.]
   (Meteor.)  A  stone,  or  metallic mass, which has fallen to the earth
   from distant space; a meteorite; a meteoric stone.

     NOTE: &hand; Some writers limit the word to stony meteorites.

                                  A\'89rolith

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*o*lith (#), n. Same as A.

                               A\'89rolithology

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*o*li*thol"o*gy  (#), n. [A\'89ro- + lithology.] The science of
   a\'89rolites.

                                 A\'89rolitic

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*o*lit"ic  (#),  a. Of or pertaining to a\'89rolites; meteoric;
   as, a\'89rolitic iron. Booth.

                         A\'89rologic, A\'89rological

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*o*log"ic  (#), A`\'89r*o*log"ic*al (#), a. Of or pertaining to
   a\'89rology.

                                 A\'89rologist

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*ol"o*gist (#), n. One versed in a\'89rology.

                                  A\'89rology

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*ol"o*gy  (#), n. [A\'89ro- + -logy: cf. F. a\'82rologie.] That
   department of physics which treats of the atmosphere.

                                 A\'89romancy

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*o*man`cy  (#),  n.  [A\'89ro- + -mancy: cf. F. a\'82romancie.]
   Divination  from  the state of the air or from atmospheric substances;
   also, forecasting changes in the weather.

                                 A\'89rometer

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*om"e*ter  (#),  n. [A\'89ro- + -meter: cf. F. \'82rom\'8atre.]
   An instrument for ascertaining the weight or density of air and gases.

                                 A\'89rometric

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*o*met"ric  (#),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  a\'89rometry; as,
   a\'89rometric investigations.

                                 A\'89rometry

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*om"e*try  (#), n. [A\'89ro- + -metry: cf. F. \'82rom\'82trie.]
   The  science  of  measuring  the  air,  including  the doctrine of its
   pressure, elasticity, rarefaction, and condensation; pneumatics.

                                  A\'89ronaut

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*o*naut  (?;  277),  n. [F. a\'82ronaute, fr. Gr. Nautical.] An
   a\'89rial navigator; a balloonist.

                        A\'89ronautic, A\'89ronautical

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*o*naut"ic   (#),   A`\'89r*o*naut"ic*al   (#),   a.   [Cf.  F.
   a\'82ronauitique.] Pertaining to a\'89ronautics, or a\'89rial sailing.

                                A\'89ronautics

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*o*naut"ics (#), n. The science or art of ascending and sailing
   in   the  air,  as  by  means  of  a  balloon;  a\'89rial  navigation;
   ballooning.

                          A\'89rophobia, A\'89rophoby

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*o*pho"bi*a  (#),  A`\'89r*oph"o*by  (#),  n.  [A\'89ro-  + Gr.
   a\'82rophobie.] (Med.) Dread of a current of air.

                                 A\'89rophyte

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*o*phyte  (,  n.  [A\'89ro- + Gr. a\'82rophyte.] (Bot.) A plant
   growing entirely in the air, and receiving its nourishment from it; an
   air plant or epiphyte.

                                 A\'89roplane

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*o*plane`  (,  n.  [A\'89ro-  +  plane.] A flying machine, or a
   small  plane  for  experiments on flying, which floats in the air only
   when propelled through it.

                                 A\'89roscope

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*o*scope  (,  n.  [A\'89ro- + Gr. (Biol.) An apparatus designed
   for collecting spores, germs, bacteria, etc., suspended in the air.

                                 A\'89roscopy

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*os"co*py  (,  n.  [A\'89ro- + Gr. The observation of the state
   and variations of the atmosphere.

                                   \'92rose

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92*rose"  (,  a. [L. aerosus, fr. aes, aeris, brass, copper.] Of the
   nature of, or like, copper; brassy. [R.]

                                A\'89rosiderite

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*o*sid"er*ite  (, n. [A\'89ro- + siderite.] (Meteor.) A mass of
   meteoric iron.

                                 A\'89rosphere

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*o*sphere  (,  n. [A\'89ro- + sphere: cf. F. a\'82rosph\'8are.]
   The atmosphere. [R.]

                                  A\'89rostat

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*o*stat (, n. [F. a\'82rostat, fr. Gr. Statics.]

   1. A balloon.

   2. A balloonist; an a\'89ronaut.

                                 A\'89rostatic

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*o*stat"ic  (,  A`\'89r*o*stat"ic*al  (,  a.  [A\'89ro-  +  Gr.
   a\'82rostatique. See Statical, Statics.]

   1. Of or pertaining to a\'89rostatics; pneumatic.

   2. A\'89ronautic; as, an a\'89rostatic voyage.

                                A\'89rostatics

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*o*stat"ics (, n. The science that treats of the equilibrium of
   elastic fluids, or that of bodies sustained in them. Hence it includes
   a\'89ronautics.

                                A\'89rostation

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89r*os*ta"tion  (,  n.  [Cf.  F.  a\'82rostation  the art of using
   a\'89rostats.]

   1.  A\'89rial  navigation;  the art of raising and guiding balloons in
   the air.

   2. The science of weighing air; a\'89rostatics. [Obs.]

                                 \'92ruginous

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92*ru"gi*nous  (, a. [L. aeruginosus, fr. aerugo rust of copper, fr.
   aes copper: cf. F. \'82rugineux.] Of the nature or color of verdigris,
   or the rust of copper.

                                   \'92rugo

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92*ru"go  (,  n. [L. aes brass, copper.] The rust of any metal, esp.
   of brass or copper; verdigris.

                                     Aery

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   Ae"ry (, n. An aerie.

                                    A\'89ry

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"\'89r*y   (,   a.   [See  Air.]  A\'89rial;  ethereal;  incorporeal;
   visionary. [Poetic] M. Arnold.

                                 \'92sculapian

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s`cu*la"pi*an  (, a. Pertaining to \'92sculapius or to the healing
   art; medical; medicinal.

                                 \'92sculapius

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s`cu*la"pi*us  (,  n.  [L.  Aesculapius,  Gr.  (Myth.)  The god of
   medicine. Hence, a physician.

                                  \'92sculin

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s"cu*lin (, n. Same as Esculin.

                              \'92sopian, Esopian

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92*so"pi*an,  E*so"pi*an  (,  a.  [L.  Aesopius,  from Gr. (.] Of or
   pertaining to \'92sop, or in his manner.

                               \'92sopic, Esopic

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92*sop"ic, E*sop"ic (, a. [L. Aesopicus, Gr. Same as \'92sopian.

                                  \'92sthesia

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s*the"si*a  (,  n.  [Gr.  (Physiol.)  Perception  by  the  senses;
   feeling; -- the opposite of an\'91sthesia.

                        \'92sthesiometer, Esthesiometer

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s*the`si*om"e*ter,  Es*the`si*om"e*ter  (,  n. [Gr. \'92sthesia) +
   \'cfmeter.]  An  instrument  to  measure  the  degree of sensation, by
   determining  at how short a distance two impressions upon the skin can
   be  distinguished,  and  thus  to  determine  whether the condition of
   tactile sensibility is normal or altered.

                                  \'92sthesis

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s*the""sis (, n. [Gr. Sensuous perception. [R.] Ruskin.

                                 \'92sthesodic

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s`the*sod"ic  (,  a.  [Gr.  esth\'82sodique.] (Physiol.) Conveying
   sensory or afferent impulses; \'d0 said of nerves.

                                  \'92sthete

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s"thete (, n. [Gr. One who makes much or overmuch of \'91sthetics.
   [Recent]

                                  \'92sthetic

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s*thet"ic   (,   \'92s*thet"ic*al   (,  a.  Of  or  Pertaining  to
   \'91sthetics;   versed   in  \'91sthetics;  as,  \'91sthetic  studies,
   emotions, ideas, persons, etc. -- \'92s*thet"ic*al*ly, adv.

                                 \'92sthetican

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s`the*ti"can (#), n. One versed in \'91sthetics.

                                \'92stheticism

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s*thet"i*cism  (#),  n.  The doctrine of \'91sthetics; \'91sthetic
   principles; devotion to the beautiful in nature and art. Lowell.

                            \'92sthetics, Esthetics

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s*thet"ics, Es*thet"ics (, n. [Gr. \'84sthetik, F. esth\'82tique.]
   The  theory  or  philosophy  of taste; the science of the beautiful in
   nature  and  art;  esp.  that  which  treats  of  the  expression  and
   embodiment of beauty by art.

                              \'92stho-physiology

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s`tho-phys`i*ol"o*gy(#),  n.  [Gr.  physiology.]  The  science  of
   sensation in relation to nervous action. H. Spenser.

                                  \'92stival

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s"ti*val  (#), a. [L. aestivalis, aestivus, fr. aestas summer.] Of
   or  belonging  to  the  summer;  as,  \'91stival diseases. [Spelt also
   estival.]

                                  \'92stivate

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s"ti*vate (#), v. i. [L. aestivare, aestivatum.]

   1. To spend the summer.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  To  pass  the summer in a state of torpor. [Spelt also
   estivate.]

                                 \'92stivation

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s`ti*va"tion (#), n.

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  The state of torpidity induced by the heat and dryness
   of summer, as in certain snails; -- opposed to hibernation.

   2.  (Bot.)  The  arrangement  of  the  petals  in  a flower bud, as to
   folding,   overlapping,   etc.;   prefloration.   Gray.   [Spelt  also
   estivation.]

                                  \'92stuary

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s"tu*a*ry (?; 135), n. & a. See Estuary.

                                  \'92stuous

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92s"tu*ous  (#),  a. [L. aestuosus, fr. aestus fire, glow.] Glowing;
   agitated, as with heat.

                                A\'89theogamous

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A*\'89`the*og"a*mous (#), a. [Gr. (Bot.) Propagated in an unusual way;
   cryptogamous.

                                   \'92ther

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92"ther (#), n. See Ether.

                              \'92thiops mineral

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92"thi*ops min"er*al (#). (Chem.) Same as Ethiops mineral. [Obs.]

                                  \'92thogen

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92th"o*gen  (#),  n.  [Gr. -gen.] (Chem.) A compound of nitrogen and
   boro

                                \'92thrioscope

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92"thri*o*scope  (#),  n. [Gr. An instrument consisting in part of a
   differential   thermometer.  It  is  used  for  measuring  changes  of
   temperature produced by different conditions of the sky, as when clear
   or clouded.

                                \'92tiological

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92`ti*o*log"ic*al  (#),  a.  Pertaining  to \'91tiology; assigning a
   cause. -- \'92`ti*o*log"ic*al*ly, adv.

                                  \'92tiology

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   \'92`ti*ol"o*gy (#), n. [L. aetologia, Gr. \'82tiologie.]

   1.  The  science,  doctrine,  or  demonstration  of  causes; esp., the
   investigation  of the causes of any disease; the science of the origin
   and development of things.

   2. The assignment of a cause.

                                  A\'89tites

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A`\'89*ti"tes (#), n. [L., fr. Gr. See Eaglestone.

                                     Afar

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A*far"  (#),  adv.  [Pref. a-.(for on or of) + far.] At, to, or from a
   great  distance;  far  away; -- often used with from preceding, or off
   following; as, he was seen from afar; I saw him afar off.

     The steep where Fame's proud temple shines afar. Beattie.

                                    Afeard

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A*feard"  (#),  p.  a.  [OE.  afered,  AS.  \'bef,  p.  p. of \'bef to
   frighten; \'be- (cf. Goth. us-, Ger. er-, orig. meaning out) + fran to
   frighten. See Fear.] Afraid. [Obs.]

     Be not afeard; the isle is full of noises. Shak.

                                     Afer

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   A"fer (#), n. [L.] The southwest wind. Milton.

                                  Affability

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   Af`fa*bil"i*ty  (#),  n.  [L.  affabilitas: cf. F. affabilit\'82.] The
   quality  of  being  affable;  readiness  to converse; courteousness in
   receiving others and in conversation; complaisant behavior.

     Affability  is  of a wonderful efficacy or power in procuring love.
     Elyot

                                    Affable

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   Af"fa*ble  (#),  a. [F. affable, L. affabilis, fr. affari to speak to;
   ad + fari to speak. See Fable.]

   1.  Easy  to  be  spoken  to or addressed; receiving others kindly and
   conversing  with  them  in  a  free  and  friendly  manner; courteous;
   sociable.

     An affable and courteous gentleman. Shak.

     His manners polite and affable. Macaulay.

   2. Gracious; mild; benign.

     A serene and affable countenance. Tatler.

   Syn.  --  Courteous;  civil;  complaisant;  accessible;  mild; benign;
   condescending.

                                  Affableness

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   Af"fa*ble*ness, n. Affability.

                                    Affably

   \'92olian  attachment,  a  contrivance often attached to a pianoforte,
   which prolongs the vibrations, increases the 27 volume of sound, etc.,
   by forcing a stream of air upon the strings. Moore. -- >mcol>\'92olian
   harp,  \'92olian lyre, a musical instrument consisting of a box, on or
   in  which are stretched strings, on which the wind acts to produce the
   notes;  --  usually placed at an open window. Moore. -- \'92olian mode
   (Mus.),  one  of  the  ancient  Greek and early ecclesiastical modes.>
   Af"fa*bly, adv. In an affable manner; courteously.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 28

                                   Affabrous

   Af"fa*brous  (#), a. [L. affaber workmanlike; ad + faber.] Executed in
   a workmanlike manner; ingeniously made. [R.] Bailey.

                                    Affair

   Af*fair"  (#),  n.  [OE.  afere, affere, OF. afaire, F. affaire, fr. a
   faire to do; L.. ad + facere to do. See Fact, and cf. Ado.]

   1.  That  which  is  done  or  is  to  be done; matter; concern; as, a
   difficult   affair  to  manage;  business  of  any  kind,  commercial,
   professional,  or  public;  --  often  in  the plural. "At the head of
   affairs." Junius. "A talent for affairs." Prescott.

   2.  Any  proceeding  or  action  which  it  is  wished  to refer to or
   characterize vaguely; as, an affair of honor, i. e., a duel; an affair
   of love, i. e., an intrigue.

   3.  (Mil.)  An  action or engagement not of sufficient magnitude to be
   called a battle.

   4. Action; endeavor. [Obs.]

     And with his best affair Obeyed the pleasure of the Sun. Chapman.

   5. A material object (vaguely designated).

     A certain affair of fine red cloth much worn and faded. Hawthorne.

                                   Affamish

   Af*fam"ish  (#), v. t. & i. [F. affamer, fr. L. ad + fames hunger. See
   Famish.] To afflict with, or perish from, hunger. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                 Affamishment

   Af*fam"ish*ment (#), n. Starvation. Bp. Hall.

                                   Affatuate

   Af*fat"u*ate (#), v. t. [L. ad + fatuus foolish.] To infatuate. [Obs.]
   Milton.

                                    Affear

   Af*fear"  (#), v. t. [OE. aferen, AS. \'bef. See Afeard.] To frighten.
   [Obs.] Spenser.

                                    Affect

   Af*fect"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Affected;  p.  pr.  & vb. n.
   Affecting.]  [L.  affectus,  p.  p.  of  afficere  to affect by active
   agency;  ad + facere to make: cf. F. affectere, L. affectare, freq. of
   afficere. See Fact.]

   1. To act upon; to produce an effect or change upon.

     As might affect the earth with cold heat. Milton.

     The climate affected their health and spirits. Macaulay.

   2. To influence or move, as the feelings or passions; to touch.

     A  consideration  of the rationale of our passions seems to me very
     necessary  for  all  who  would  affect  them  upon  solid and pure
     principles.

     3. To love; to regard with affection. [Obs.]

     As  for  Queen Katharine, he rather respected than affected, rather
     honored than loved, her. Fuller.

     4.  To  show a fondness for; to like to use or practice; to choose;
     hence, to frequent habitually.

     For he does neither affect company, nor is he fit for Shak.

     Do not affect the society of your inferiors in rank, nor court that
     of the great. Hazlitt.

     5. To dispose or incline.

     Men whom they thought best affected to religion and their country's
     liberty. Milton.

     6. To aim at; to aspire; to covet. [Obs.]

     This proud man affects imperial Dryden.

     7. To tend to by affinity or disposition.

     The drops of every fluid affect a round figure. Newton.

     8. To make a show of; to put on a pretense of; to feign; to assume;
     as, to affect ignorance.

     Careless  she  is  with  artful care, Affecting to seem unaffected.
     Congreve.

     Thou dost affect my manners. Shak.

     9. To assign; to appoint. [R.]

     One   of  the  domestics  was  affected  to  his  special  service.
     Thackeray.

     Syn. -- To influence; operate; act on; concern; move; melt; soften;
     subdue; overcome; pretend; assume.

                                    Affect

     Af*fect",   n.  [L.  affectus.]  Affection;  inclination;  passion;
     feeling; disposition. [Obs.] Shak.

                                  Affectation

     Af`fec*ta"tion (#), n. [L. affectatio: cf. F. affectation.]

     1.  An  attempt  to  assume or exhibit what is not natural or real;
     false  display;  artificial  show.  "An  affectation  of contempt."
     Macaulay.

     Affectation  is  an  awkward and forced imitation of what should be
     genuine  and  easy,  wanting  the  beauty  that accompanies what is
     natural what is natural. Locke.

     2. A striving after. [Obs.] Bp. Pearson.

     3. Fondness; affection. [Obs.] Hooker.

                                Affectationist

     Af`fec*ta"tion*ist,  n.  One who exhibits affectation. [R.] Fitzed.
     Hall.

                                   Affected

     Af*fect"ed (#), p. p. & a.

     1. Regarded with affection; beloved. [Obs.]

     His affected Hercules. Chapman.

     2. Inclined; disposed; attached.

     How stand you affected his wish? Shak.

     3.  Given  to  false show; assuming or pretending to posses what is
     not natural or real.

     He is . . . too spruce, too affected, too odd. Shak.

     4. Assumed artificially; not natural.

     Affected coldness and indifference. Addison.

     5.  (Alg.)  Made  up  of  terms  involving  different powers of the
     unknown quantity; adfected; as, an affected equation.

                                  Affectedly

     Af*fect"ed*ly, adv.

     1.  In  an  affected  manner;  hypocritically;  with more show than
     reality.

     2. Lovingly; with tender care. [Obs.] Shak.

                                 Affectedness

     Af*fect"ed*ness, n. Affectation.

                                   Affecter

     Af*fect"er  (#),  n. One who affects, assumes, pretends, or strives
     after. "Affecters of wit." Abp. Secker.

                                 Affectibility

     Af*fect`i*bil"i*ty   (#),   n.   The  quality  or  state  of  being
     affectible. [R.]

                                   Affectibl

     Af*fect"i*bl (#), a. That may be affected. [R.]

     Lay  aside  the absolute, and, by union with the creaturely, become
     affectible. Coleridge.

                                   Affecting

     Af*fect"ing, a.

     1.  Moving  the  emotions; fitted to excite the emotions; pathetic;
     touching; as, an affecting address; an affecting sight.

     The most affecting music is generally the most simple.

     2. Affected; given to false show. [Obs.]

     A drawling; affecting rouge. Shak.

                                  Affectingly

     Af*fect"ing*ly  (#),  adv.  In  an affecting manner; is a manner to
     excite emotions.

                                   Affection

     Af*fec"tion  (#),  n. [F. affection, L. affectio, fr. afficere. See
     Affect.]

     1.  The  act  of  affecting  or  acting  upon;  the  state of being
     affected.

     2.  An  attribute;  a  quality  or  property; a condition; a bodily
     state;  as,  figure,  weight, etc. , are affections of bodies. "The
     affections of quantity." Boyle.

     And,  truly,  waking  dreams were, more or less, An old and strange
     affection of the house. Tennyson.

     3.  Bent  of  mind; a feeling or natural impulse or natural impulse
     acting  upon  and swaying the mind; any emotion; as, the benevolent
     affections,  esteem,  gratitude,  etc. ; the malevolent affections,
     hatred, envy, etc.; inclination; disposition; propensity; tendency.

     Affection  is  applicable  to  an  unpleasant as well as a pleasant
     state of the mind, when impressed by any object or quality. Cogan.

     4.  A  settled  good  will;  kind  feeling; love; zealous or tender
     attachment;  --  often  in the pl. Formerly followed by to, but now
     more  generally  by for or towards; as, filial, social, or conjugal
     affections; to have an affection for or towards children.

     All his affections are set on his own country. Macaulay.

     5. Prejudice; bias. [Obs.] Bp. Aylmer.

     6.   (Med.)  Disease;  morbid  symptom;  malady;  as,  a  pulmonary
     affection. Dunglison.

     7. The lively representation of any emotion. Wotton.

     8. Affectation. [Obs.] "Spruce affection." Shak. 

     9. Passion; violent emotion. [Obs.]

     Most  wretched  man,  That  to  affections  does  the  bridle lend.
     Spenser.

     Syn.  -- Attachment; passion; tenderness; fondness; kindness; love;
     good will. See Attachment; Disease.

                                  Affectional

     Af*fec"tion*al  (#),  a.  Of  or  pertaining to the affections; as,
     affectional impulses; an affectional nature.

                                 Affectionate

     Af*fec"tion*ate (#), a. [Cf. F. affectionn\'82.]

     1.   Having   affection  or  warm  regard;  loving;  fond;  as,  an
     affectionate brother.

     2. Kindly inclined; zealous. [Obs.] Johson.

     Man,  in  his  love God, and desire to please him, can never be too
     affectionate. Sprat.

     3.  Proceeding  from  affection;  indicating  love; tender; as, the
     affectionate  care  of a parent; affectionate countenance, message,
     language.

     4.  Strongly  inclined;  --  with to. [Obs.] Bacon. Syn. -- Tender;
     attached; loving; devoted; warm; fond; earnest; ardent.

                                 Affectionated

     Af*fec"tion*a`ted, a. Disposed; inclined. [Obs.]

     Affectionated to the people. Holinshed.

                                Affectionately

     Af*fec"tion*ate*ly,   adv.   With   affection;   lovingly;  fondly;
     tenderly; kindly.

                               Affectionateness

     Af*fec"tion*ate*ness,   n.   The  quality  of  being  affectionate;
     fondness; affection.

                                  Affectioned

     Af*fec"tioned (#), a.

     1. Disposed. [Archaic]

     Be kindly affectioned one to another. Rom. xii. 10.

     2. Affected; conceited. [Obs.] Shak.

                                   Affective

     Af*fec"tive (#), a. [Cf. F. affectif.]

     1. Tending to affect; affecting. [Obs.] Burnet.

     2.  Pertaining  to  or  exciting  emotion;  affectional; emotional.
     Rogers.

                                  Affectively

     Af*fec"tive*ly,   adv.   In   an  affective  manner;  impressively;
     emotionally.

                                  Affectuous

     Af*fec"tu*ous  (?;  135), a. [L. affectuous: cf. F. affectueux. See
     Affect.]   Full   of   passion   or  emotion;  earnest.  [Obs.]  --
     Af*fec"tu*ous*ly, adv. [Obs.] Fabyan.

                                    Affeer

     Af*feer" (#), v. t. [OF. aforer, afeurer, to tax, appraise, assess,
     fr.  L.  ad  +  forum market, court of justice, in LL. also meaning
     pri.]

     1. To confirm; to assure. [Obs.] "The title is affeered." Shak.

     2.  (Old  Law)  To  assess  or  reduce,  as an arbitrary penalty or
     amercement, to a certain and reasonable sum.

     Amercements . . . were affeered by the judges. Blackstone.

                              Affeerer, Affeeror

     Af*feer"er  (#),  Af*feer"or  (#), n. [OF. aforeur, LL. afforator.]
     (Old Law) One who affeers. Cowell.

                                  Affeerment

     Af*feer"ment  (#),  n.  [Cf.  OF.  aforement.] (Old Law) The act of
     affeering. Blackstone.

                                   Afferent

     Af"fer*ent  (#),  a. [L. afferens, p. pr. of afferre; ad + ferre to
     bear.] (Physiol.) Bearing or conducting inwards to a part or organ;
     --  opposed  to  efferent;  as,  afferent vessels; afferent nerves,
     which convey sensations from the external organs to the brain.

                                  Affettuoso

     Af*fet`tu*o"so (#), adv. [It.] (Mus.) With feeling.

                                   Affiance

     Af*fi"ance  (#),  n.  [OE. afiaunce trust, confidence, OF. afiance,
     fr.  afier  to  trust,  fr.  LL.  affidare to trust; ad + fidare to
     trust,  fr.  L.  fides  faith.  See Faith, and cf. Affidavit, Affy,
     Confidence.]

     1. Plighted faith; marriage contract or promise.

     2. Trust; reliance; faith; confidence.

     Such  feelings  promptly  yielded  to  his habitual affiance in the
     divine love. Sir J. Stephen.

     Lancelot,  my  Lancelot,  thou  in  whom  I  have Most joy and most
     affiance. Tennyson.

                                   Affiance

     Af*fi"ance, v. t. [imp. Affianced (#); p. pr. Affiancing (#).] [Cf.
     OF. afiancier, fr. afiance.]

     1.  To  betroth; to pledge one's faith to for marriage, or solemnly
     promise (one's self or another) in marriage.

     To me, sad maid, he was affianced. Spenser.

     2. To assure by promise. [Obs.] Pope.

                                   Affiancer

     Af*fi"an*cer  (#),  n. One who makes a contract of marriage between
     two persons.

                                    Affiant

     Af*fi"ant  (#),  n.  [From  p.  pr. of OF. afier, LL. affidare. See
     Affidavit.] (Law) One who makes an affidavit. [U. S.] Burrill. Syn.
     -- Deponent. See Deponent.

                                   Affidavit

     Af`fi*da"vit (#), n. [LL. affidavit he has made oath, perfect tense
     of  affidare.  See  Affiance,  Affy.]  (Law)  A  sworn statement in
     writing; a declaration in writing, signed and made upon oath before
     an authorized magistrate. Bouvier. Burrill.

     NOTE: &hand; It   is   al  ways ma  de ex   pa  rte, an  d wi thout
     cross-examination,  and  in  this  differs from a deposition. It is
     also applied to written statements made on affirmation.

     Syn. -- Deposition. See Deposition.

                                    Affile

     Af*file"  (#), v. t. [OF. afiler, F. affiler, to sharpen; a (L. ad)
     + fil thread, edge.] To polish. [Obs.]

                                  Affiliable

     Af*fil"i*a*ble  (#),  a.  Capable  of being affiliated to or on, or
     connected with in origin.

                                   Affiliate

     Af*fil"i*ate  (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affiliated (#); p. pr. & vb.
     n. Affiliating (#).] [LL. adfiliare, affiliare, to adopt as son; ad
     + filius son: cf. F. affilier.]

     1.  To adopt; to receive into a family as a son; hence, to bring or
     receive into close connection; to ally.

     Is the soul affiliated to God, or is it estranged and in rebellion?
     I. Taylor.

     2.  To  fix the paternity of; -- said of an illegitimate child; as,
     to  affiliate  the  child  to  (or  on or upon) one man rather than
     another.

     3. To connect in the way of descent; to trace origin to.

     How  do  these  facts tend to affiliate the faculty of hearing upon
     the aboriginal vegetative processes? H. Spencer.

     4.  To  attach (to) or unite (with); to receive into a society as a
     member,  and  initiate into its mysteries, plans, etc.; -- followed
     by to or with.

     Affiliated societies

     , societies connected with a central society, or with each other.

                                   Affiliate

     Af*fil"i*ate, v. i. To connect or associate one's self; -- followed
     by with; as, they affiliate with no party.

                                  Affiliation

     Af*fil`i*a"tion (#), n. [F. affiliation, LL. affiliatio.]

     1. Adoption; association or reception as a member in or of the same
     family or society.

     2.  (Law)  The  establishment  or  ascertaining  of  parentage; the
     assignment of a child, as a bastard, to its father; filiation.

     3. Connection in the way of descent. H. Spencer.

                                    Affinal

     Af*fi"nal  (#), a. [L. affinis.] Related by marriage; from the same
     source.

                                    Affine

     Af*fine"  (#), v. t. [F. affiner to refine; (L. ad) + fin fine. See
     Fine.] To refine. [Obs.] Holland.

                                    Affined

     Af*fined" (#), a. [OF. afin\'82 related, p. p., fr. LL. affinare to
     join,  fr. L. affinis neighboring, related to; ad + finis boundary,
     limit.]  Joined  in affinity or by any tie. [Obs.] "All affined and
     kin." Shak.

                                 Affinitative

     Af*fin"i*ta*tive   (#),   a.   Of   the   nature  of  affinity.  --
     Af*fin"i*ta*tive*ly, adv.

                                  Affinitive

     Af*fin"i*tive, a. Closely connected, as by affinity.

                                   Affinity

     Af*fin"i*ty   (#),  n.;  pl.  Affinities(#).  [OF.  afinit\'82,  F.
     affinit\'82, L. affinites, fr. affinis. See Affined.]

     1.  Relationship  by  marriage (as between a husband and his wife's
     blood  relations,  or  between  a  wife  and  her  husband's  blood
     relations);   --   in   contradistinction   to   consanguinity,  or
     relationship by blood; -- followed by with, to, or between.

     Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh. 1 Kings iii. 1.

     2.   Kinship  generally;  close  agreement;  relation;  conformity;
     resemblance;  connection; as, the affinity of sounds, of colors, or
     of languages.

     There  is  a close affinity between imposture and credulity. Sir G.
     C. Lewis.

     2. Companionship; acquaintance. [Obs.]

     About  forty  years  past,  I  began  a happy affinity with William
     Cranmer. Burton.

     4.  (Chem.)  That  attraction  which  takes place, at an insensible
     distance, between the heterogeneous particles of bodies, and unites
     them  to  form  chemical  compounds;  chemism; chemical or elective
     affinity or attraction.

     5. (Nat. Hist.) A relation between species or highe

     6.  (Spiritualism)  A superior spiritual relationship or attraction
     held  to  exist  sometimes  between  persons,  esp.  persons of the
     opposite  sex;  also, the man or woman who exerts such psychical or
     spiritual attraction.

                                    Affirm

     Af*firm"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Affirmed (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
     Affirming.]  [OE. affermen, OF. afermer, F. affirmer, affermir, fr.
     L. affirmare; ad + firmare to make firm, firmus firm. See Firm.]

     1.  To  make  firm; to confirm, or ratify; esp. (Law), to assert or
     confirm,  as  a  judgment,  decree,  or  order,  brought  before an
     appelate court for review.

     2.  To  assert  positively;  to  tell  with confidence; to aver; to
     maintain as true; -- opposed to deny.

     Jesus, . . . whom Paul affirmed to be alive. Acts xxv. 19.

     3.  (Law) To declare, as a fact, solemnly, under judicial sanction.
     See  Affirmation,  4. Syn. -- To assert; aver; declare; asseverate;
     assure;  pronounce; protest; avouch; confirm; establish; ratify. --
     To  Affirm,  Asseverate, Aver, Protest. We affirm when we declare a
     thing  as a fact or a proposition. We asseverate it in a peculiarly
     earnest  manner,  or with increased positiveness as what can not be
     disputed.  We  aver  it, or formally declare it to be true, when we
     have  positive  knowledge of it. We protest in a more public manner
     and  with  the  energy  of  perfect sincerity. People asseverate in
     order  to  produce  a  conviction of their veracity; they aver when
     they are peculiarly desirous to be believed; they protest when they
     wish   to  free  themselves  from  imputations,  or  to  produce  a
     conviction of their innocence.

                                    Affirm

     Af*firm", v. i.

     1. To declare or assert positively.

     Not  that  I  so  affirm,  though  so it seem To thee, who hast thy
     dwelling here on earth. Milton.

     2.  (Law)  To  make  a  solemn  declaration,  before  an authorized
     magistrate  or tribunal, under the penalties of perjury; to testify
     by affirmation.

                                  Affirmable

     Af*firm"a*ble  (#),  a.  Capable  of  being  affirmed, asserted, or
     declared;  --  followed by of; as, an attribute affirmable of every
     just man.

                                  Affirmance

     Af*firm"ance (#), n. [Cf. OF. afermance.]

     1. Confirmation; ratification; confirmation of a voidable act.

     This statute . . . in affirmance of the common law. Bacon.

     2. A strong declaration; affirmation. Cowper.
       ______________________________________________________________

     Page 29

                                   Affirmant

     Af*firm"ant (#), n. [L. affirmans, -antis, p. pr. See Affirm.]

     1. One who affirms or asserts.

     2. (Law) One who affirms of taking an oath.

                                  Affirmation

     Af`fir*ma"tion (#), n. [L. affirmatio: cf. F. affirmation.]

     1.  Confirmation  of  anything  established;  ratification; as, the
     affirmation of a law. Hooker.

     2. The act of affirming or asserting as true; assertion; -- opposed
     to negation or denial.

     3.  That  which  is  asserted;  an  assertion;  a  positive  as, an
     affirmation,  by  the  vender, of title to property sold, or of its
     quality.

     4.  (Law) A solemn declaration made under the penalties of perjury,
     by  persons  who  conscientiously  decline  taking  an  oath, which
     declaration is in law equivalent to an oath. Bouvier.

                                  Affirmative

     Af*firm"a*tive (#), a. [L. affirmativus: cf. F. affirmatif.]

     1. Confirmative; ratifying; as, an act affirmative of common law.

     2. That affirms; asserting that the fact is so; declaratory of what
     exists;  answering "yes" to a question; -- opposed to negative; as,
     an affirmative answer; an affirmative vote.

     3. Positive; dogmatic. [Obs.] J. Taylor.

     Lysicles was a little by the affirmative air of Crito. Berkeley.

     4.  (logic)  Expressing  the  agreement  of  the  two  terms  of  a
     proposition.

     5. (Alg.) Positive; -- a term applied to quantities which are to be
     added, and opposed to negative, or such as are to be subtracted.

                                  Affirmative

     Af*firm"a*tive, n.

     1.  That  which  affirms  as  opposed  to  that  which  denies;  an
     affirmative  proposition;  that  side  of question which affirms or
     maintains the proposition stated; -- opposed to negative; as, there
     were forty votes in the affirmative, and ten in the negative.

     Whether  there  are  such  beings  or  not, 't is sufficient for my
     purpose that many have believed the affirmative. Dryden.

     2. A word or phrase expressing affirmation or assent; as, yes, that
     is so, etc.

                                 Affirmatively

     Af*firm"a*tive*ly,   adv.   In   an   affirmative  manner;  on  the
     affirmative  side  of a question; in the affirmative; -- opposed to
     negatively.

                                  Affirmatory

     Af*firm"a*to*ry (#), a. Giving affirmation; assertive; affirmative.
     Massey.

                                   Affirmer

     Af*firm"er (#), n. One who affirms.

                                     Affix

     Af*fix"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Affixed (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
     Affixing.]  [LL.  affixare, L. affixus, p. p. of affigere to fasten
     to;  ad  +  figere  to  fasten:  cf.  OE.  affichen,  F.  afficher,
     ultimately fr. L. affigere. See Fix.]

     1.  To subjoin, annex, or add at the close or end; to append to; to
     fix  to  any part of; as, to affix a syllable to a word; to affix a
     seal to an instrument; to affix one's name to a writing.

     2. To fix or fasten in any way; to attach physically.

     Should  they  [caterpillars]  affix  them  to the leaves of a plant
     improper for their food. Ray.

     3.  To  attach, unite, or connect with; as, names affixed to ideas,
     or ideas affixed to things; to affix a stigma to a person; to affix
     ridicule or blame to any one.

     4.  To  fix  or  fasten  figuratively; -- with on or upon; as, eyes
     affixed  upon  the  ground.  [Obs.]  Spenser.  Syn.  --  To attach;
     subjoin; connect; annex; unite.

                                     Affix

     Af"fix  (#),  n.;  pl. Affixes (#). [L. affixus, p. p. of affigere:
     cf.  F.  affixe.]  That which is affixed; an appendage; esp. one or
     more  letters  or syllables added at the end of a word; a suffix; a
     postfix.

                                   Affixion

     Af*fix"ion (#), n. [L. affixio, fr. affigere.] Affixture. [Obs.] T.
     Adams.

                                   Affixture

     Af*fix"ture (?; 135), n. The act of affixing, or the state of being
     affixed; attachment.

                                   Afflation

     Af*fla"tion  (#),  n.  [L.  afflatus,  p.  p. of afflare to blow or
     breathe  on;  ad  +  flare  to  blow.]  A  blowing or breathing on;
     inspiration.

                                   Afflatus

     Af*fla"tus (#), n. [L., fr. afflare. See Afflation.]

     1. A breath or blast of wind.

     2.   A  divine  impartation  of  knowledge;  supernatural  impulse;
     inspiration.

     A  poet  writing  against his genius will be like a prophet without
     his afflatus. Spence.

                                    Afflict

     Af*flict"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Afflicted; p. pr. & vb. n.
     Afflicting.] [L. afflictus, p. p. of affigere to cast down, deject;
     ad  +  fligere  to  strike:  cf.  OF.  aflit,  afflict,  p.  p. Cf.
     Flagellate.]

     1.  To  strike or cast down; to overthrow. [Obs.] "Reassembling our
     afflicted powers." Milton.

     2.  To  inflict  some  great injury or hurt upon, causing continued
     pain or mental distress; to trouble grievously; to torment.

     They  did  set  over  them  taskmasters  to afflict them with their
     burdens. Exod. i. 11.

     That which was the worst now least afflicts me. Milton.

     3. To make low or humble. [Obs.] Spenser.

     Men are apt to prefer a prosperous error before an afflicted truth.
     Jer. Taylor.

     Syn. -- To trouble; grieve; pain; distress; harass; torment; wound;
     hurt.

                                    Afflict

     Af*flict",  p.  p.  &  a.  [L.  afflictus, p. p.] Afflicted. [Obs.]
     Becon.

                                 Afflictedness

     Af*flict"ed*ness,  n.  The  state  of  being afflicted; affliction.
     [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

                                   Afflicter

     Af*flict"er (#), n. One who afflicts.

                                  Afflicting

     Af*flict"ing,  a.  Grievously painful; distressing; afflictive; as,
     an afflicting event. -- Af*flict"ing*ly, adv.

                                  Affliction

     Af*flic"tion (#), n. [F. affliction, L. afflictio, fr. affligere.]

     1.  The  cause  of  continued  pain  of  body or mind, as sickness,
     losses, etc.; an instance of grievous distress; a pain or grief.

     To repay that money will be a biting affliction. Shak.

     2.  The  state  of  being  afflicted; a state of pain, distress, or
     grief.

     Some virtues are seen only in affliction. Addison.

     Syn. -- Calamity; sorrow; distress; grief; pain; adversity; misery;
     wretchedness; misfortune; trouble; hardship. -- Affliction, Sorrow,
     Grief,  Distress.  Affliction  and  sorrow  are  terms  of wide and
     general   application;   grief   and  distress  have  reference  to
     particular  cases.  Affliction  is the stronger term. The suffering
     lies  deeper  in  the  soul,  and usually arises from some powerful
     cause,  such  as  the loss of what is most dear -- friends, health,
     etc.  We  do not speak of mere sickness or pain as "an affliction,"
     though  one  who  suffers  from either is said to be afflicted; but
     deprivations  of  every  kind, such as deafness, blindness, loss of
     limbs,  etc.,  are  called  afflictions,  showing that term applies
     particularly  to  prolonged  sources of suffering. Sorrow and grief
     are  much  alike  in meaning, but grief is the stronger term of the
     two,  usually  denoting poignant mental suffering for some definite
     cause,  as,  grief  for  the death of a dear friend; sorrow is more
     reflective,  and  is  tinged  with  regret, as, the misconduct of a
     child  is  looked  upon  with  sorrow.  Grief  is often violent and
     demonstrative;  sorrow  deep and brooding. Distress implies extreme
     suffering,  either  bodily  or  mental.  In  its  higher stages, it
     denotes  pain  of  a  restless,  agitating  kind, and almost always
     supposes  some  struggle  of  mind  or body. Affliction is allayed,
     grief subsides, sorrow is soothed, distress is mitigated.

                                Afflictionless

     Af*flic"tion*less (#), a. Free from affliction.

                                  Afflictive

     Af*flic"tive  (#),  a.  [Cf.  F.  afflictif.]  Giving pain; causing
     continued   or   repeated   pain  or  grief;  distressing.  "Jove's
     afflictive hand." Pope.

     Spreads slow disease, and darts afflictive pain. Prior.

                                 Afflictively

     Af*flic"tive*ly, adv. In an afflictive manner.

                                   Affluence

     Af"flu*ence  (#), n. [F. affluence, L. affluentia, fr. affluens, p.
     pr. of affluere to flow to; ad + fluere to flow. See Flux.]

     1. A flowing to or towards; a concourse; an influx.

     The affluence of young nobles from hence into Spain. Wotton.

     There is an unusual affluence of strangers this year. Carlyle.

     2.  An  abundant  supply,  as  of  thought,  words, feelings, etc.;
     profusion; also, abundance of property; wealth.

     And old age of elegance, affluence, and ease. Coldsmith.

     Syn.  --  Abundance; riches; profusion; exuberance; plenty; wealth;
     opulence.

                                   Affluency

     Af"flu*en*cy (#), n. Affluence. [Obs.] Addison.

                                   Affluent

     Af"flu*ent  (#),  a.  [Cf. F. affluent, L. affluens, -entis, p. pr.
     See Affluence.]

     1. Flowing to; flowing abundantly. "Affluent blood." Harvey.

     2. Abundant; copious; plenteous; hence, wealthy; abounding in goods
     or riches.

     Language . . . affluent in expression. H. Reed.

     Loaded  and  blest with all the affluent store, Which human vows at
     smoking shrines implore. Prior.

                                   Affluent

     Af"flu*ent,  n.  A  stream  or river flowing into a larger river or
     into a lake; a tributary stream.

                                  Affluently

     Af"flu*ent*ly, adv. Abundantly; copiously.

                                 Affluentness

     Af*flu*ent*ness, n. Great plenty. [R.]

                                    Afflux

     Af"flux`  (#),  n.  [L. affluxum, p. p. of affluere: cf. F. afflux.
     See  Affluence.]  A  flowing  towards;  that which flows to; as, an
     afflux of blood to the head.

                                   Affluxion

     Af*flux"ion  (#),  n.  The  act  of flowing towards; afflux. Sir T.
     Browne.

                                   Affodill

     Af"fo*dill (#), n. Asphodel. [Obs.]

                                    Afforce

     Af*force" (#), v. t. [OF. afforcier, LL. affortiare; ad + fortiare,
     fr. L. fortis strong.] To re\'89nforce; to strengthen. Hallam.

                                  Afforcement

     Af*force"ment (#), n. [OF.]

     1. A fortress; a fortification for defense. [Obs.] Bailey.

     2. A re\'89nforcement; a strengthening. Hallam.

                                 Afforciament

     Af*for"ci*a*ment (#), n. See Afforcement. [Obs.]

                                    Afford

     Af*ford"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Afforded; p. pr. & vb. n.
     Affording.]  [OE. aforthen, AS. gefor, for, to further, accomplish,
     afford,  fr. for forth, forward. The prefix ge- has no well defined
     sense. See Forth.]

     1.  To  give  forth;  to  supply,  yield, or produce as the natural
     result, fruit, or issue; as, grapes afford wine; olives afford oil;
     the  earth  affords  fruit;  the  sea affords an abundant supply of
     fish.

     2. To give, grant, or confer, with a remoter reference to its being
     the natural result; to provide; to furnish; as, a good life affords
     consolation in old age.

     His tuneful Muse affords the sweetest numbers. Addison.

     The quiet lanes . . . afford calmer retreats. Gilpin.

     3.   To  offer,  provide,  or  supply,  as  in  selling,  granting,
     expending,  with profit, or without loss or too great injury; as, A
     affords  his goods cheaper than B; a man can afford a sum yearly in
     charity.

     4.  To  incur,  stand, or bear without serious detriment, as an act
     which  might  under  other  circumstances  be injurious; -- with an
     auxiliary, as can, could, might, etc.; to be able or rich enough.

     The merchant can afford to trade for smaller profits. Hamilton.

     He   could  afford  to  suffer  With  those  whom  he  saw  suffer.
     Wordsworth.

                                  Affordable

     Af*ford"a*ble (#), a. That may be afforded.

                                  Affordment

     Af*ford"ment (#), n. Anything given as a help; bestowal. [Obs.]

                                   Afforest

     Af*for"est  (#),  v.  t.  [LL.  afforestare;  ad  +  forestare. See
     Forest.]  To  convert  into  a  forest;  as, to afforest a tract of
     country.

                                 Afforestation

     Af*for`es*ta"tion  (#),  n.  The  act  of converting into forest or
     woodland. Blackstone.

                                  Afformative

     Af*form"a*tive (#), n. An affix.

                                  Affranchise

     Af*fran"chise  (#), v. t. [F. affranchir; (L. ad) + franc free. See
     Franchise and Frank.] To make free; to enfranchise. Johnson.

                                Affranchisement

     Af*fran"chise*ment  (#),  n.  [Cf. F. affranchissement.] The act of
     making free; enfranchisement. [R.]

                                    Affrap

     Af*frap"  (#),  v.  t.  & i. [Cf. It. affrappare, frappare, to cut,
     mince,  F. frapper to strike. See Frap.] To strike, or strike down.
     [Obs.] Spenser.

                                    Affray

     Af*fray"  (#),  v. t. [p. p. Affrayed.] [OE. afraien, affraien, OF.
     effreer, esfreer, F. effrayer, orig. to disquiet, put out of peace,
     fr.  L.  ex + OHG. fridu peace (akin to E. free). Cf. Afraid, Fray,
     Frith inclosure.] [Archaic]

     1. To startle from quiet; to alarm.

     Smale  foules a great heap That had afrayed [affrayed] me out of my
     sleep. Chaucer.

     2. To frighten; to scare; to frighten away.

     That voice doth us affray. Shak.

                                    Affray

     Af*fray" (#), n. [OE. afrai, affrai, OF. esfrei, F. effroi, fr. OF.
     esfreer. See Affray, v. t.]

     1.  The  act  of suddenly disturbing any one; an assault or attack.
     [Obs.]

     2. Alarm; terror; fright. [Obs.] Spenser.

     3.  A  tumultuous assault or quarrel; a brawl; a fray. "In the very
     midst of the affray." Motley.

     4. (Law) The fighting of two or more persons, in a public place, to
     the terror of others. Blackstone.

     NOTE: &hand; A  fi ghting in  pr ivate is not, in a legal sense, an
     affray.

     Syn.  --  Quarrel; brawl; scuffle; encounter; fight; contest; feud;
     tumult; disturbance.

                                   Affrayer

     Af*fray"er (#), n. One engaged in an affray.

                                  Affrayment

     Af*fray"ment (#), n. Affray. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                   Affreight

     Af*freight"  (#),  v.  t. [Pref. ad- + freight: cf. F. affr\'82ter.
     See  Freight.]  To hire, as a ship, for the transportation of goods
     or freight.

                                  Affreighter

     Af*freight"er  (#),  n.  One who hires or charters a ship to convey
     goods.

                                 Affreightment

     Af*freight"ment (#), n. [Cf. F. affr\'82tement.] The act of hiring,
     or  the  contract  for the use of, a vessel, or some part of it, to
     convey cargo.

                                    Affret

     Af*fret"  (#),  n.  [Cf. It. affrettare to hasten, fretta haste.] A
     furious onset or attack. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                  Affriction

     Af*fric"tion  (#),  n.  [L. affricare to rub on. See Friction.] The
     act of rubbing against. [Obs.]

                                  Affriended

     Af*friend"ed  (#),  p.  p. Made friends; reconciled. [Obs.] "Deadly
     foes . . . affriended." Spenser.

                                   Affright

     Af*fright"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Affrighted; p. pr. & vb. n.
     Affrighting.]  [Orig.  p.  p.;  OE.  afright,  AS.  \'befyrhtan  to
     terrify;  \'be-  (cf.  Goth.  us-,  Ger.  er-, orig. meaning out) +
     fyrhto  fright.  See  Fright.]  To  impress  with  sudden  fear; to
     frighten; to alarm.

     Dreams affright our souls. Shak.

     A  drear  and  dying  sound  Affrights the flamens at their service
     quaint. Milton.

     Syn.  --  To  terrify;  frighten;  alarm;  dismay;  appall;  scare;
     startle; daunt; intimidate.

                                   Affright

     Af*fright", p. a. Affrighted. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                   Affright

     Af*fright", n.

     1.   Sudden  and  great  fear;  terror.  It  expresses  a  stronger
     impression than fear, or apprehension, perhaps less than terror.

     He  looks  behind  him  with  affright,  and  forward with despair.
     Goldsmith.

     2.  The  act  of frightening; also, a cause of terror; an object of
     dread. B. Jonson.

                                 Affrightedly

     Af*fright"ed*ly, adv. With fright. Drayton.

                                  Affrighten

     Af*fright"en  (#), v. t. To frighten. [Archaic] "Fit tales . . . to
     affrighten babes." Southey.

                                  Affrighter

     Af*fright"er (#), n. One who frightens. [Archaic]

                                  Affrightful

     Af*fright"ful  (#),  a. Terrifying; frightful. -- Af*fright"ful*ly,
     adv. [Archaic]

     Bugbears or affrightful apparitions. Cudworth.

                                 Affrightment

     Af*fright"ment  (#),  n.  Affright;  the state of being frightened;
     sudden fear or alarm. [Archaic]

     Passionate  words  or blows . . . fill the child's mind with terror
     and affrightment. Locke.

                                    Affront

     Af*front"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Affronted; p. pr. & vb. n.
     Affronting.]   [OF.   afronter,  F.  affronter,  to  confront,  LL.
     affrontare  to  strike  against, fr. L. ad + frons forehead, front.
     See Front.]

     1.  To  front;  to  face  in position; to meet or encounter face to
     face. [Obs.]

     All the sea-coasts do affront the Levant. Holland.

     That he, as 't were by accident, may here Affront Ophelia. Shak.

     2.  To  face  in  defiance;  to  confront;  as, to confront; as, to
     affront death; hence, to meet in hostile encounter. [Archaic]

     3.  To offend by some manifestation of disrespect; to insult to the
     face by demeanor or language; to treat with marked incivility.

     How  can  any  one  imagine  that  the  fathers would have dared to
     affront the wife of Aurelius? Addison.

     Syn.  --  TO insult; abuse; outrage; wound; illtreat; slight; defy;
     offend; provoke; pique; nettle.

                                    Affront

     Af*front", n. [Cf. F. affront, fr. affronter.]

     1. An encounter either friendly or hostile. [Obs.]

     I walked about, admired of all, and dreaded On hostile ground, none
     daring my affront. Milton.

     2.  Contemptuous  or  rude  treatment  which  excites  or justifies
     resentment; marked disrespect; a purposed indignity; insult.

     Offering an affront to our understanding. Addison.

     3.  An  offense  to  one's  self-respect; shame. Arbuthnot. Syn. --
     Affront,  Insult,  Outrage.  An  affront  is  a  designed  mark  of
     disrespect,  usually  in  the  presence  of  others. An insult is a
     personal  attack  either by words or actions, designed to humiliate
     or  degrade.  An outrage is an act of extreme and violent insult or
     abuse.  An  affront  piques  and mortifies; an insult irritates and
     provokes; an outrage wounds and injures.

     Captious  persons  construe every innocent freedom into an affront.
     When people are in a state of animosity, they seek opportunities of
     offering each other insults. Intoxication or violent passion impels
     men to the commission of outrages. Crabb.

                                  Affront\'82

     Af*fron*t\'82" (#), a. [F. affront\'82, p. p.] (Her.) Face to face,
     or front to front; facing.

                                  Affrontedly

     Af*front"ed*ly (#), adv. Shamelessly. [Obs.] Bacon.

                                   Affrontee

     Af*fron*tee", n. One who receives an affront. Lytton.

                                   Affronter

     Af*front"er (#), n. One who affronts, or insults to the face.

                                 Affrontingly

     Af*front"ing*ly, adv. In an affronting manner.

                                  Affrontive

     Af*front"ive  (#),  a.  Tending  to  affront  or offend; offensive;
     abusive.

     How affrontive it is to despise mercy. South.
       ______________________________________________________________

     Page 30

                                Affrontiveness

     Af*front"ive*ness  (#),  n.  The  quality  that gives an affront or
     offense. [R.] Bailey.

                                    Affuse

     Af*fuse"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Affused (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
     Affusing  (#).]  [L.  affusus,  p. p. of affundere to pour to; ad +
     fundere. See Fuse.] To pour out or upon. [R.]

     I first affused water upon the compressed beans. Boyle.

                                   Affusion

     Af*fu"sion  (#),  n. [Cf. F. affusion.] The act of pouring upon, or
     sprinkling  with  a  liquid,  as  water  upon  a  child in baptism.
     Specifically:  (Med) The act of pouring water or other fluid on the
     whole or a part of the body, as a remedy in disease. Dunglison.

                                     Affy

     Af*fy"  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affied (#); p. pr. Affying.] [OF.
     afier, LL. affidare. Cf. Affiance.]

     1. To confide (one's self to, or in); to trust. [Obs.]

     2. To betroth or espouse; to affiance. [Obs.] Shak.

     3. To bind in faith. [Obs.] Bp. Montagu.

                                     Affy

     Af*fy", v. i. To trust or confide. [Obs.] Shak.

                                    Afghan

     Af"ghan (#), a. Of or pertaining to Afghanistan.

                                    Afghan

     Af"ghan, n.

     1. A native of Afghanistan.

     2. A kind of worsted blanket or wrap.

                                    Afield

     A*field" (#), adv. [Pref. a- + field.]

     1. To, in, or on the field. "We drove afield." Milton.

     How jocund did they drive their team afield! Gray.

     2. Out of the way; astray.

     Why should he wander afield at the age of fifty-five! Trollope.

                                     Afire

     A*fire" (#), adv. & a. [Pref. a- + fire.] On fire.

                                    Aflame

     A*flame"  (#), adv. & a. [Pref. a- + flame.] Inflames; glowing with
     light or passion; ablaze. G. Eliot.

                                     Aflat

     A*flat"  (#),  adv. [Pref. a- + flat.] Level with the ground; flat.
     [Obs.] Bacon.

                                    Aflaunt

     A*flaunt"  (#), adv. & a. [Pref. a- + flaunt.] In a flaunting state
     or position. Copley.

                                   Aflicker

     A*flick"er  (#),  adv.  &  a. [Pref. a- + flicker.] In a flickering
     state.

                                    Afloat

     A*float" (#), adv. & a. [Pref. a- + float.]

     1. Borne on the water; floating; on board ship.

     On such a full sea are we now afloat. Shak.

     2. Moving; passing from place to place; in general circulation; as,
     a rumor is afloat.

     3.  Unfixed;  moving  without  guide  or  control;  adrift; as, our
     affairs are all afloat.

                                     Aflow

     A*flow" (#), adv. & a. [Pref. a- + flow.] Flowing.

     Their founts aflow with tears. R. Browning.

                                    Aflush

     A*flush"  (#),  adv.  &  a.  [Pref. a- + flush, n.] In a flushed or
     blushing state.

                                    Aflush

     A*flush", adv. & a. [Pref. a- + flush, a.] On a level.

     The bank is . . . aflush with the sea. Swinburne.

                                   Aflutter

     A*flut"ter  (#),  adv.  &  a.  [Pref.  a- + flutter.] In a flutter;
     agitated.

                                     Afoam

     A*foam"  (#),  adv. & a. [Pref. a- + foam.] In a foaming state; as,
     the sea is all afoam.

                                     Afoot

     A*foot" (#), adv. [Pref. a- + foot.]

     1. On foot.

     We 'll walk afoot a while. Shak.

     2. Fig.: In motion; in action; astir; in progress.

     The matter being afoot. Shak.

                                     Afore

     A*fore"  (#),  adv.  [OE.  afore, aforn, AS. onforan or \'91tforan;
     pref. a- + fore.]

     1. Before. [Obs.]

     If he have never drunk wine afore. Shak.

     2. (Naut.) In the fore part of a vessel.

                                     Afore

     A*fore", prep.

     1. Before (in all its senses). [Archaic]

     2. (Naut.) Before; in front of; farther forward than; as, afore the
     windlass.

   Afore  the  mast,  among  the  common  sailors;  --  a  phrase used to
   distinguish the ship's crew from the officers.

                                  Aforecited

   A*fore"cit`ed (#), a. Named or quoted before.

                                  Aforegoing

   A*fore"go`ing (#), a. Go\'c6ng before; foregoing.

                                   Aforehand

   A*fore"hand` (#) adv. Beforehand; in anticipation. [Archaic or Dial.]

     She is come aforehand to anoint my body. Mark xiv. 8.

                                   Aforehand

   A*fore"hand`,   a.   Prepared;  previously  provided;  --  opposed  to
   behindhand. [Archaic or Dial.]

     Aforehand in all matters of power. Bacon.

                                Aforementioned

     A*fore"men`tioned  (#),  a. Previously mentioned; before-mentioned.
     Addison.

                                  Aforenamed

     A*fore"named` (#), a. Named before. Peacham.

                                   Aforesaid

     A*fore"said`  (#),  a. Said before, or in a preceding part; already
     described or identified.

                                 Aforethought

     A*fore"thought` (#), a. Premeditated; prepense; previously in mind;
     designed;  as, malice aforethought, which is required to constitute
     murder. Bouvier.

                                 Aforethought

     A*fore"thought`, n. Premeditation.

                                   Aforetime

     A*fore"time`  (#), adv. In time past; formerly. "He prayed . . . as
     he did aforetime." Dan. vi. 10.

                                  A fortiori

     A for`ti*o"ri (#). [L.] (Logic & Math.) With stronger reason.

                                     Afoul

     A*foul"  (#), adv. & a. [Pref. a- + foul.] In collision; entangled.
     Totten.

   To  run  afoul  of,  to  run  against  or  come  into  collision with,
   especially so as to become entangled or to cause injury.

                                    Afraid

   A*fraid"  (#),  p.  a.  [OE.  afrayed,  affraide,  p. p. of afraien to
   affray.   See   Affray,  and  cf.  Afeard.]  Impressed  with  fear  or
   apprehension;  in  fear; apprehensive. [Afraid comes after the noun it
   limits.] "Back they recoiled, afraid." Milton.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is wo rd ex presses a  le ss de gree of  fe ar than
     terrified  or frightened. It is followed by of before the object of
     fear,  or  by  the  infinitive, or by a dependent clause; as, to be
     afraid  of  death.  "I  am  afraid  to  die."  "I am afraid he will
     chastise me." "Be not afraid that I your hand should take." Shak. I
     am afraid is sometimes used colloquially to soften a statement; as,
     I am afraid I can not help you in this matter.

   Syn. -- Fearful; timid; timorous; alarmed; anxious.

                                    Afreet

   Af"reet (#), n. Same as Afrit.

                                    Afresh

   A*fresh" (#), adv. [Pref. a- + fresh.] Anew; again; once more; newly.

     They crucify . . . the Son of God afresh. Heb. vi. 6.

                                     Afric

   Af"ric (#), a. African. -- n. Africa. [Poetic]

                                    African

   Af"ri*can  (#),  a.  [L.  Africus, Africanus, fr. Afer African.] Of or
   pertaining  to  Africa. African hemp, a fiber prerared from the leaves
   of  the  Sanseviera  Guineensis, a plant found in Africa and India. --
   African  marigold,  a  tropical  American  plant  (Tagetes erecta). --
   African  oak  OR  African  teak,  a  timber  furnished  by  Oldfieldia
   Africana,  used in ship building. <-- African violet African-American,
   a United States citizen of African descent-->

                                    African

   Af"ri*can, n. A native of Africa; also one ethnologically belonging to
   an African race.

                                  Africander

   Af`ri*can"der  (#),  n.  One  born in Africa, the offspring of a white
   father  and  a  "colored"  mother.  Also, and now commonly in Southern
   Africa, a native born of European settlers.

                                  Africanism

   Af"ri*can*ism  (#),  n.  A  word, phrase, idiom, or custom peculiar to
   Africa  or  Africans.  "The  knotty Africanisms . . . of the fathers."
   Milton.

                                  Africanize

   Af"ri*can*ize  (#), v. t. To place under the domination of Africans or
   negroes. [Amer.] Bartlett.

                             Afrit, Afrite, Afreet

   Af"rit  (#),  Af"rite(#),  Af"reet(#),  n.  [Arab. 'ifr\'c6t.] (Moham.
   Myth.) A powerful evil jinnee, demon, or monstrous giant.

                                    Afront

   A*front"  (#),  adv.  [Pref.  a-  + front.] In front; face to face. --
   prep. In front of. Shak.

                                      Aft

   Aft (#), adv. & a. [AS. \'91ftan behind; orig. superl. of of, off. See
   After.] (Naut.) Near or towards the stern of a vessel; astern; abaft.

                                     After

   Aft"er  (#),  a.  [AS.  \'91fter  after, behind; akin to Goth. aftaro,
   aftra,  backwards,  Icel. aptr, Sw. and Dan. efter, OHG. aftar behind,
   Dutch  and  LG.  achter,  Gr. -ter is an old comparative suffix, in E.
   generally  -ther (as in other), and after is a compar. of of, off. Of;
   cf. Aft.]

   1. Next; later in time; subsequent; succeeding; as, an after period of
   life. Marshall.

     NOTE: &hand; In  th is se nse th e wo rd is  so metimes ne edlessly
     combined  with  the  following  noun,  by  means  of  a hyphen, as,
     after-ages,  after-act,  after-days,  after-life. For the most part
     the words are properly kept separate when after has this meaning.

   2.  Hinder; nearer the rear. (Naut.) To ward the stern of the ship; --
   applied  to  any  object  in  the  rear part of a vessel; as the after
   cabin, after hatchway.

     NOTE: It is  of ten co mbined wi th it s no un; as, after-bowlines,
     after-braces,  after-sails, after-yards, those on the mainmasts and
     mizzenmasts.

   After  body (Naut.), the part of a ship abaft the dead flat, or middle
   part.

                                     After

   Aft"er, prep.

   1.  Behind  in  place;  as, men in line one after another. "Shut doors
   after you." Shak.

   2. Below in rank; next to in order. Shak.

     Codrus after PhDryden.

   3.  Later  in time; subsequent; as, after supper, after three days. It
   often  precedes  a clause. Formerly that was interposed between it and
   the clause.

     After  I  am  risen again, I will go before you into Galilee. Matt.
     xxvi. 32.

   4.  Subsequent to and in consequence of; as, after what you have said,
   I shall be careful.

   5.  Subsequent  to  and notwithstanding; as, after all our advice, you
   took that course.

   6. Moving toward from behind; following, in search of; in pursuit of.

     Ye shall not go after other gods. Deut. vi. 14.

     After whom is the king of Israel come out? 1 Sam. xxiv. 14.

   7. Denoting the aim or object; concerning; in relation to; as, to look
   after   workmen;   to   inquire   after  a  friend;  to  thirst  after
   righteousness.

   8.  In  imitation  of; in conformity with; after the manner of; as, to
   make  a  thing  after  a  model; a picture after Rubens; the boy takes
   after his father.
   To name or call after, to name like and reference to.

     Our eldest son was named George after his uncle. Goldsmith.

   9. According to; in accordance with; in conformity with the nature of;
   as, he acted after his kind.

     He shall not judge after the sight of his eyes. Isa. xi. 3.

     They that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh. Rom.
     viii. 5.

   10.  According  to  the  direction and influence of; in proportion to;
   befitting. [Archaic]

     He  takes greatness of kingdoms according to bulk and currency, and
     not after their intrinsic value. Bacon.

   After  all,  when  everything  has been considered; upon the whole. --
   After  (with  the  same  noun preceding and following), as, wave after
   wave,  day  after  day, several or many (waves, etc.) successively. --
   One  after  another, successively. -- To be after, to be in pursuit of
   in order to reach or get; as, he is after money.

                                     After

   Aft"er,  adv. Subsequently in time or place; behind; afterward; as, he
   follows after.

     It was about the space of three hours after. Acts. v. 7.

     NOTE: &hand; Af ter is  pr efixed to many words, forming compounds,
     but retaining its usual signification. The prefix may be adverbial,
     prepositional, or adjectival; as in after- described, after-dinner,
     after-part.  The hyphen is sometimes needlessly used to connect the
     adjective after with its noun. See Note under After, a., 1.

                                  Afterbirth

   Aft"er*birth` (#), n. (Med.) The placenta and membranes with which the
   fetus is connected, and which come away after delivery.

                                   Aftercast

   Aft"er*cast`  (#),  n. A throw of dice after the game in ended; hence,
   anything done too late. Gower.

                                   Afterclap

   Aft"er*clap`   (#),  n.  An  unexpected  subsequent  event;  something
   disagreeable  happening  after  an affair is supposed to be at an end.
   Spenser.

                                   Aftercrop

   Aft"er*crop`  (#),  n.  A  second  crop  or  harvest in the same year.
   Mortimer.

                                  After damp

   Aft"er damp` (#). An irrespirable gas, remaining after an explosion of
   fire damp in mines; choke damp. See Carbonic acid.

                                 After-dinner

   Aft"er-din`ner(#),  n.  The time just after dinner. "An after-dinner's
   sleep."  Shak.  [Obs.]  --  a. Following dinner; post-prandial; as, an
   after-dinner nap.

                                 After-eatage

   Aft"er-eat`age(#), n. Aftergrass.

                                   Aftereye

   Aft"er*eye` (#), v. t. To look after. [Poetic] Shak.

                                   Aftergame

   Aft"er*game`  (#),  n.  A  second  game; hence, a subsequent scheme or
   expedient.  Wotton.  Aftergame  at  Irish, an ancient game very nearly
   resembling backgammon. Beau. & Fl.

                                  After-glow

   Aft"er-glow(#),  n.  A  glow  of  refulgence  in the western sky after
   sunset.

                                  Aftergrass

   Aft"er*grass`  (#),  n.  The grass that grows after the first crop has
   been mown; aftermath.

                                  Aftergrowth

   Aft"er*growth`  (#),  n.  A second growth or crop, or (metaphorically)
   development. J. S. Mill.

                                  Afterguard

   Aft"er*guard`  (#),  n.  (Naut.) The seaman or seamen stationed on the
   poop or after part of the ship, to attend the after-sails. Totten.

                                  After-image

   Aft"er-im`age(#),  n.  The impression of a vivid sensation retained by
   the  retina of the eye after the cause has been removed; also extended
   to impressions left of tones, smells, etc.

                                   Afterings

   Aft"er*ings  (#),  n.  pl.  The last milk drawn in milking; strokings.
   [Obs.] Grose.

                                   Aftermath

   Aft"er*math  (#),  n.  [After  + math. See Math.] A second moving; the
   grass  which  grows  after  the  first crop of hay in the same season;
   rowen. Holland.

                                After-mentioned

   Aft"er-men`tioned(#),    a.    Mentioned   afterwards;   as,   persons
   after-mentioned (in a writing).

                                   Aftermost

   Aft"er*most  (#),  a.  superl.  [OE. eftemest, AS. \'91ftemest,akin to
   Gothic  aftumist and aftuma, the last, orig. a superlative of of, with
   the superlative endings -te, -me, -st.]

   1. Hindmost; -- opposed to foremost.

   2. (Naut.) Nearest the stern; most aft.

                                   Afternoon

   Aft"er*noon"  (#),  n. The part of the day which follows noon, between
   noon and evening.

                                  After-note

   Aft"er-note`(#),  n.  (Mus.)  One  of  the  small  notes  occur on the
   unaccented  parts of the measure, taking their time from the preceding
   note.

                                  Afterpains

   Aft"er*pains`  (#),  n. pl. (Med.) The pains which succeed childbirth,
   as in expelling the afterbirth.

                                  Afterpiece

   Aft"er*piece` (#), n.

   1.  A  piece  performed  after  a play, usually a farce or other small
   entertainment.

   2. (Naut.) The heel of a rudder.

                                  After-sails

   Aft"er-sails`(#),  n.  pl.  (Naut.) The sails on the mizzenmast, or on
   the stays between the mainmast and mizzenmast. Totten.

                                  Aftershaft

   Aft"er*shaft` (#), n. (Zo\'94l.) The hypoptilum.

                                  Aftertaste

   Aft"er*taste`  (#), n. A taste which remains in the mouth after eating
   or drinking.

                                 Afterthought

   Aft"er*thought`  (#),  n. Reflection after an act; later or subsequent
   thought or expedient.

                             Afterwards, Afterward

   Aft"er*wards (#), Aft"er*ward (#), adv. [AS. \'91fteweard, a., behind.
   See  Aft,  and -ward (suffix). The final s in afterwards is adverbial,
   orig. a genitive ending.] At a later or succeeding time.

                                   Afterwise

   Aft"er*wise` (#), a. Wise after the event; wise or knowing, when it is
   too late.

                                   After-wit

   Aft"er-wit` (#), n. Wisdom or perception that comes after it can be of
   use. "After-wit comes too late when the mischief is done." L'Estrange.

                                 After-witted

   Aft"er-wit`ted   (#),   a.  Characterized  by  afterwit;  slow-witted.
   Tyndale.

                                    Aftmost

   Aft"most (#), a. (Naut.) Nearest the stern.

                                    Aftward

   Aft"ward (#), adv. (Naut.) Toward the stern.

                                  Aga or Agha

   A*ga" or A*gha" (#), n. [Turk. adh\'be a great lord, chief master.] In
   Turkey,  a  commander  or chief officer. It is used also as a title of
   respect.

                                     Again

   A*gain"  (?;  277),  adv.  [OE.  agein,  agayn, AS. ongegn, onge\'a0n,
   against, again; on + ge\'a0n, akin to Ger. gegewn against, Icel. gegn.
   Cf. Gainsay.]

   1. In return, back; as, bring us word again.

   2. Another time; once more; anew.

     If a man die, shall he live again? Job xiv. 14.

   3.  Once  repeated;  --  of quantity; as, as large again, half as much
   again.

   4. In any other place. [Archaic] Bacon.

   5.  On  the other hand. "The one is my sovereign . . . the other again
   is my kinsman." Shak.

   6. Moreover; besides; further.

     Again, it is of great consequence to avoid, etc. Hersche

   Again  and again, more than once; often; repeatedly. -- Now and again,
   now  and  then;  occasionally.  -- To and again, to and fro. [Obs.] De
   Foe.

     NOTE: &hand; Ag ain wa s formerly used in many verbal combinations,
     as, again-witness, to witness against; again-ride, to ride against;
     again-come,  to  come  against, to encounter; again-bring, to bring
     back, etc.

                                 Again, Agains

   A*gain"  (#),  A*gains" (#), prep. Against; also, towards (in order to
   meet). [Obs.]

     Albeit that it is again his kind. Chaucer.

                                   Againbuy

   A*gain"buy` (#), v. t. To redeem. [Obs.] Wyclif.

                                   Againsay

   A*gain"say` (#), v. t. To gainsay. [Obs.] Wyclif.

                                    Against

   A*gainst"  (?;  277),  prep. [OE. agens, ageynes, AS. ongegn. The s is
   adverbial, orig. a genitive ending. See Again.]

   1.  Abreast;  opposite to; facing; towards; as, against the mouth of a
   river; -- in this sense often preceded by over.

     Jacob saw the angels of God come against him. Tyndale.

   2. From an opposite direction so as to strike or come in contact with;
   in contact with; upon; as, hail beats against the roof.

   3.  In  opposition  to,  whether  the opposition is of sentiment or of
   action;  on  the  other  side;  counter  to; in contrariety to; hence,
   adverse  to;  as,  against  reason; against law; to run a race against
   time.

     The gate would have been shut against her. Fielding.

     An argument against the use of steam. Tyndale.

   4.  By  of before the time that; in preparation for; so as to be ready
   for the time when. [Archaic or Dial.]

     Urijah  the priest made it, against King Ahaz came from Damascus. 2
     Kings xvi. 11.

   Against  the  sun,  in  a  direction contrary to that in which the sun
   appears to move.

                                  Againstand

   A*gain"stand` (#), v. t. To withstand. [Obs.]

                                   Againward

   A*gain"ward (#), adv. Back again. [Obs.]
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 31

                              Agalactia, Agalaxy

   Ag`a*lac"ti*a  (#),  Ag"a*lax`y (#), n. [Gr. (Med.) Failure of the due
   secretion of milk after childbirth.

                                  Agalactous

   Ag`a*lac"tous (#), a. Lacking milk to suckle with.

                                   Agal-agal

   A`gal-a"gal (#), n. Same as Agar-agar.

                             Agalloch, Agallochum

   Ag"al*loch   (#),   A*gal"lo*chum   (#),   n.  [Gr.  aguru,  Heb.  pl.
   ah\'bel\'c6m.]  A  soft, resinous wood (Aquilaria Agallocha) of highly
   aromatic smell, burnt by the orientals as a perfume. It is called also
   agalwood and aloes wood. The name is also given to some other species.

                                 Agalmatolite

   Ag`al*mat"o*lite  (#),  n. [Gr. -lite: cf. F. agalmatolithe.] (Min.) A
   soft,  compact  stone,  of  a  grayish,  greenish, or yellowish color,
   carved  into images by the Chinese, and hence called figure stone, and
   pagodite. It is probably a variety of pinite.

                                     Agama

   Ag"a*ma (#), n.; pl. Agamas (#). [From the Caribbean name of a species
   of  lizard.]  (Zo\'94l.) A genus of lizards, one of the few which feed
   upon vegetable substances; also, one of these lizards.

                                     Agami

   Ag"a*mi  (#),  n.;  pl.  Agamis  (#). [F. agex>, fr. the native name.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  A  South  American bird (Psophia crepitans), allied to the
   cranes,  and  easily  domesticated;  --  called also the gold-breasted
   trumpeter. Its body is about the size of the pheasant. See Trumpeter.

                                    Agamic

   A*gam"ic (#), a. [Agamous.] (a) (Biol.) Produced without sexual union;
   as,  agamic  or  unfertilized  eggs.  (b) Not having visible organs of
   reproduction, as flowerless plants; agamous.

                                  Agamically

   A*gam"ic*al*ly (#), adv. In an agamic manner.

                                    Agamist

   Ag"a*mist  (#),  n.  [See  Agamous.]  An  unmarried  person; also, one
   opposed to marriage. Foxe.

                                 Agamogenesis

   Ag`a*mo*gen"e*sis  (#), n. [Gr. (Biol.) Reproduction without the union
   of parents of distinct sexes: asexual reproduction.

                                 Agamogenetic

   Ag`a*mo*ge*net"ic  (#),  n.  (Biol.)  Reproducing  or produced without
   sexual union. -- Ag`a*mo*ge*net"ic*al*ly (#), adv.

     All  known  agamogenetic  processes end in a complete return to the
     primitive stock. Huxley.

                                    Agamous

   Ag"a*mous  (#),  a.  [Gr.  (Biol.)  Having  no  visible sexual organs;
   asexual. In Bo>., cryptogamous.

                                  Aganglionic

   A*gan`gli*o"nic  (#),  a.  [Pref.  a-  not  +  ganglionic.] (Physiol.)
   Without ganglia.

                                     Agape

   A*gape"  (#),  adv.  &  a.  [Pref. a- + gape.] Gaping, as with wonder,
   expectation, or eager attention.

     Dazzles the crowd and sets them all agape. Milton.

                                     Agape

   Ag"a*pe  (#),  n.;  pl.  Agap\'91  (#).  [Gr.  The  love  feast of the
   primitive  Christians, being a meal partaken of in connection with the
   communion.

                                   Agar-agar

   A`gar-a"gar  (#),  n.  [Ceylonese local name.] A fucus or seaweed much
   used  in  the  East  for  soups  and  jellies; Ceylon moss (Gracilaria
   lichenoides).

                                    Agaric

   Ag"a*ric (?; 277), n. [L. agaricum, Gr. Agara, a town in Sarmatia.]

   1. (Bot.) A fungus of the genus Ag/xex>, of many species, of which the
   common mushroom is an example.

   2.  An old name for severwal species of Polyporus, corky fungi growing
   on decaying wood.

     NOTE: &hand; Th  e "f emale ag aric" (P olyporus of ficinalic) wa s
     renowned as a cathartic; the "male agaric" (Polyporus igniarius) is
     used for preparing touchwood, called punk of German tinder.

   Agaric  mineral,  a  light,  chalky  deposit  of  carbonate  of  lime,
   sometimes   called  rock  milk,  formed  in  caverns  or  fissures  of
   limestone.
   
                                     Agasp
                                       
   A*gasp"  (#),  adv.  &  a.  [.  a-  +  gasp.]  In  a state of gasping.
   Coleridge. 

                                Agast or Aghast

   A*gast"  or  A*ghast"  (#),  v.  t.  To  affright;  to terrify. [Obs.]
   Chaucer. Spenser.

                                     Agast

   A*gast" (#), p. p. & a. See Aghast.

                                   Agastric

   A*gas"tric  (#),  a.  [Gr.  (Physiol.)  Having to stomach, or distinct
   digestive canal, as the tapeworm.

                                     Agate

   A*gate" (#), adv. [Pref. a- on + gate way.] On the way; agoing; as, to
   be agate; to set the bells agate. [Obs.] Cotgrave.

                                     Agate

   Ag"ate (#), n. [F. agate, It. agata, L. achates, fr. Gr.

   1. (Min.) A semipellucid, uncrystallized variety of quartz, presenting
   various tints in the same specimen. Its colors are delicately arranged
   in stripes or bands, or blended in clouds.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e fo rtification ag ate, or Scotch pebble, the moss
     agate, the clouded agate, etc., are familiar varieties.

   2.  (Print.)  A  kind  of  type,  larger  than  pearl and smaller than
   nonpareil; in England called ruby.

     NOTE: &hand; This line is printed in the type called agate.

   3. A diminutive person; so called in allusion to the small figures cut
   in agate for rings and seals. [Obs.] Shak.

   4.  A  tool used by gold-wire drawers, bookbinders, etc.; -- so called
   from the agate fixed in it for burnishing.

                                  Agatiferous

   Ag`a*tif"er*ous  (#),  a.  [Agate  + -ferous.] Containing or producing
   agates. Craig.

                                    Agatine

   Ag"a*tine (#), a. Pertaining to, or like, agate.

                                    Agatize

   Ag"a*tize  (#),  v.  t.  [Usually  p. p. Agatized(#).] To convert into
   agate; to make resemble agate. Dana.

                                     Agaty

   Ag"a*ty (#), a. Of the nature of agate, or containing agate.

                                     Agave

   A*ga"ve  (#),  n.  [L.  Agave,  prop.  name, fr. Gr. (bot.) A genus of
   plants  (order  Amaryllidace\'91)  of  which  the chief species is the
   maguey  or  century  plant  (A. Americana), wrongly called Aloe. It is
   from  ten  to  seventy  years,  according  to  climate,  in  attaining
   maturity,  when  it  produces  a gigantic flower stem, sometimes forty
   feet in height, and perishes. The fermented juice is the pulque of the
   Mexicans;  distilled,  it  yields  mescal. A strong thread and a tough
   paper are made from the leaves, and the wood has many uses.

                                    Agazed

   A*gazed"  (#),  p.  p.  [Only  in p. p.; another spelling for aghast.]
   Gazing with astonishment; amazed. [Obs.]

     The whole army stood agazed on him. Shak.

                                      Age

   Age  (#),  n.  [OF.  aage,  eage,  F.  \'83ge,  fr. L. aetas through a
   supposed  LL. aetaticum. L. aetas is contracted fr. aevitas, fr. aevum
   lifetime, age; akin to E. aye ever. Cf. Each.]

   1.  The whole duration of a being, whether animal, vegetable, or other
   kind; lifetime.

     Mine age is as nothing before thee. Ps. xxxix. 5.

   2.  That  part  of the duration of a being or a thing which is between
   its  beginning  and  any  given time; as, what is the present age of a
   man, or of the earth?

   3.  The  latter  part  of life; an advanced period of life; seniority;
   state of being old.

     Nor wrong mine age with this indignity. Shak.

   4.  One  of the stages of life; as, the age of infancy, of youth, etc.
   Shak.

   5.  Mature age; especially, the time of life at which one attains full
   personal  rights and capacities; as, to come of age; he (or she) is of
   age. Abbott.

     NOTE: In th e United States, both males and females are of age when
     twenty-one years old.

   6.  The  time  of  life  at which some particular power or capacity is
   understood  to  become  vested;  as,  the  age  of consent; the age of
   discretion. Abbott.

   7.  A  particular  period  of  time  in history, as distinguished from
   others;  as,  the  golden age, the age of Pericles. "The spirit of the
   age." Prescott.

     Truth, in some age or other, will find her witness. Milton.

   Archeological  ages  are designated as three: The Stone age (the early
   and the later stone age, called paleolithic and neolithic), the Bronze
   age, and the Iron age. During the Age of Stone man is supposed to have
   employed  stone  for  weapons  and  implements.  See Augustan, Brazen,
   Golden, Heroic, Middle.
   
   8. A great period in the history of the Earth.
   
     NOTE: The g  eologic a ges a re a s f ollows: 1 . T he A rch\'91an,
     including  the  time  when was no life and the time of the earliest
     and  simplest  forms  of  life. 2. The age of Invertebrates, or the
     Silurian,  when  the  life  on the globe consisted distinctively of
     invertebrates.  3.  The age of Fishes, or the Devonian, when fishes
     were  the dominant race. 4. The age of Coal Plants, or Acrogens, or
     the  Carboniferous age. 5. The Mesozoic or Secondary age, or age of
     Reptiles,  when  reptiles  prevailed  in  great numbers and of vast
     size. 6. The Tertiary age, or age of Mammals, when the mammalia, or
     quadrupeds, abounded, and were the dominant race. 7. The Quaternary
     age, or age of Man, or the modern era.
     
   Dana.
   
   9. A century; the period of one hundred years.
   
     Fleury . . . apologizes for these five ages. Hallam.
     
   10.  The  people who live at a particular period; hence, a generation.
   "Ages yet unborn." Pope.
   
     The way which the age follows. J. H. Newman.
     
     Lo!  where  the  stage,  the poor, degraded stage, Holds its warped
     mirror to a gaping age. C. Sprague.
     
   11. A long time. [Colloq.] "He made minutes an age." Tennyson.
   Age of a tide, the time from the origin of a tide in the South Pacific
   Ocean  to  its  arrival at a given place. -- Moon's age, the time that
   has elapsed since the last preceding conjunction of the sun and moon.

     NOTE: &hand; Ag e is used to form the first part of many compounds;
     as, agelasting, age-adorning, age-worn, age-enfeebled, agelong.

   Syn. -- Time; period; generation; date; era; epoch.

                                      Age

   Age, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Aged (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Aging (#).] To grow
   aged; to become old; to show marks of age; as, he grew fat as he aged.

     They live one hundred and thirty years, and never age for all that.
     Holland.

     I  am  aging; that is, I have a whitish, or rather a light-colored,
     hair here and there. Landor.

                                      Age

   Age,  v. t. To cause to grow old; to impart the characteristics of age
   to; as, grief ages us.

                                     Aged

   A"ged (#), a.

   1.  Old; having lived long; having lived almost to or beyond the usual
   time allotted to that species of being; as, an aged man; an aged oak.

   2. Belonging to old age. "Aged cramps." Shak.

   3.  (#)  Having  a certain age; at the age of; having lived; as, a man
   aged forty years.

                                    Agedly

   A"ged*ly, adv. In the manner of an aged person.

                                   Agedness

   A"ged*ness, n. The quality of being aged; oldness.

     Custom without truth is but agedness of error. Milton.

                                    Ageless

   Age"less  (#), a. Without old age limits of duration; as, fountains of
   ageless youth.

                                     Agen

   A*gen" (#), adv. & prep. See Again. [Obs.]

                                    Agency

   A"gen*cy  (#),  n.; pl. Agencies (#). [agentia, fr. L. agens, agentis:
   cf. F. agence. See Agent.]

   1.  The  faculty of acting or of exerting power; the state of being in
   action; action; instrumentality.

     The  superintendence and agency of Providence in the natural world.
     Woodward.

   2. The office of an agent, or factor; the relation between a principal
   and his agent; business of one intrusted with the concerns of another.

   3.  The  place  of  business  of  am agent. Syn. -- Action; operation;
   efficiency; management.

                                     Agend

   A"gend (#), n. See Agendum. [Obs.]

                                    Agendum

   A*gen"dum  (#),  n.;  pl.  Agenda  (#). [L., neut. of the gerundive of
   agere to act.]

   1. Something to be done; in the pl., a memorandum book.

   2.  A  church  service;  a  ritual or liturgy. [In this sense, usually
   Agenda.]

                                   Agenesic

   Ag`e*nes"ic   (#),  a.  [See  Agensis.]  (Physiol.)  Characterized  by
   sterility; infecund.

                                   Agenesis

   A*gen"e*sis  (#),  n. [Gr. (Physiol.) Any imperfect development of the
   body, or any anomaly of organization.

                                   Agennesis

   Ag`en*ne"sis (#), n. [Gr. (Physiol.) Impotence; sterility.

                                     Agent

   A"gent (#), a. [L. agens, agentis, p. pr. of agere to act; akin to Gr.
   aka to drive, Skr. aj. Actingpatient, or sustaining, action. [Archaic]
   "The body agent." Bacon.

                                     Agent

   A"gent, n.

   1. One who exerts power, or has the power to act; an actor.

     Heaven made us agents, free to good or ill. Dryden.

   2.  One  who  acts for, or in the place of, another, by authority from
   him;  one  intrusted  with  the  business  of another; a substitute; a
   deputy; a factor.

   3.  An  active  power or cause; that which has the power to produce an
   effect;  as,  a  physical, chemical, or medicinal agent; as, heat is a
   powerful agent.

                                   Agential

   A*gen"tial  (#), a. Of or pertaining to an agent or an agency. Fitzed.
   Hall.

                                   Agentship

   A"gent*ship (#), n. Agency. Beau. & Fl.

                                   Ageratum

   A*ger"a*tum  (#),  n.  [NL.,  fr.  Gr.  (Bot.)  A genus of plants, one
   species  of  which  (A.  Mexicanum) has lavender-blue flowers in dense
   clusters.

                                 Aggeneration

   Ag*gen`er*a"tion  (#),  n.  [L.  aggenerare  to beget in addition. See
   Generate.] The act of producing in addition. [Obs.] T. Stanley.

                                     Agger

   Ag"ger (#), n. [L., a mound, fr. aggerere to bear to a place, heap up;
   ad  +  gerere  to  bear.] An earthwork; a mound; a raised work. [Obs.]
   Hearne.

                                   Aggerate

   Ag"ger*ate (#), v. t. [L. aggeratus, p. p. of aggerare. See Agger.] To
   heap up. [Obs.] Foxe.

                                  Aggeration

   Ag`ger*a"tion  (#), n. [L. aggeratio.] A heaping up; accumulation; as,
   aggerations of sand. [R.]

                                   Aggerose

   Ag`ger*ose" (#), a. In heaps; full of heaps.

                                    Aggest

   Ag*gest"  (#),  v.  t. [L. aggestus, p. p. of aggerere. See Agger.] To
   heap up. [Obs.]

     The violence of the waters aggested the earth. Fuller.

                                  Agglomerate

   Ag*glom"er*ate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Agglomerated (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Agglomerating  (#).]  [L. agglomeratus, p. p. of agglomerare; ad +
   glomerare to form into a ball. See Glomerate.] To wind or collect into
   a ball; hence, to gather into a mass or anything like a mass.

     Where he builds the agglomerated pile. Cowper.

                                  Agglomerate

   Ag*glom"er*ate, v. i. To collect in a mass.

                           Agglomerate, Agglomerated

   Ag*glom"er*ate (#), Ag*glom"er*a`ted (#), a.

   1. Collected into a ball, heap, or mass.

   2. (Bot.) Collected into a rounded head of flowers.

                                  Agglomerate

   Ag*glom"er*ate (#), n.

   1. A collection or mass.

   2.  (Geol.)  A  mass  of angular volcanic fragments united by heat; --
   distinguished from conglomerate.

                                 Agglomeration

   Ag*glom`er*a"tion (#), n. [Cf. F. agglom\'82ration.]

   1. The act or process of collecting in a mass; a heaping together.

     An excessive agglomeration of turrets. Warton.

   2. State of being collected in a mass; a mass; cluster.

                                 Agglomerative

   Ag*glom"er*a*tive  (#), a. Having a tendency to gather together, or to
   make collections.

     Taylor  is  eminently  discursive, accumulative, and (to use one of
     his own words) agglomerative. Coleridge.

                                  Agglutinant

   Ag*glu"ti*nant   (#),   a.   [L.   agglutinans,   -antis,  p.  pr.  of
   agglutinare.]   Uniting,  as  glue;  causing,  or  tending  to  cause,
   adhesion.  -- n. Any viscous substance which causes bodies or parts to
   adhere.

                                  Agglutinate

   Ag*glu"ti*nate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Agglutinated (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Agglutinating.]  [L. agglutinatus, p. p. of agglutinare to glue or
   cement  to a thing; ad + glutinare to glue; gluten glue. See Glue.] To
   unite, or cause to adhere, as with glue or other viscous substance; to
   unite by causing an adhesion of substances.

                                  Agglutinate

   Ag*glu"ti*nate (#), a.

   1. United with glue or as with glue; cemented together.

   2.  (physiol.)  Consisting  of  root words combined but not materially
   altered  as to form or meaning; as, agglutinate forms, languages, etc.
   See Agglutination, 2.

                                 Agglutination

   Ag*glu`ti*na"tion (#), n. [Cf. F. agglutination.]

   1.  The act of uniting by glue or other tenacious substance; the state
   of being thus united; adhesion of parts.

   2.  (Physiol.)  Combination in which root words are united with little
   or no change of form or loss of meaning. See Agglutinative, 2.

                                 Agglutinative

   Ag*glu"ti*na*tive (#), a. [Cf. F. agglutinatif.]

   1.  Pertaining  to agglutination; tending to unite, or having power to
   cause adhesion; adhesive.

   2.  (Philol.)  Formed or characterized by agglutination, as a language
   or a compound.

     In  agglutinative  languages  the union of words may be compared to
     mechanical   compounds,   in   inflective   languages  to  chemical
     compounds. R. Morris.

     Cf.   man-kind,   heir-loom,   war-like,  which  are  agglutinative
     compounds.  The  Finnish,  Hungarian, Turkish, the Tamul, etc., are
     agglutinative languages. R. Morris.

     Agglutinative  languages preserve the consciousness of their roots.
     Max M\'81ller.

                                    Aggrace

   Ag*grace"  (#),  v.  t.  [Pref.  a-  +  grace: cf. It. aggraziare, LL.
   aggratiare.  See  Grace.]  To  favor; to grace. [Obs.] "That knight so
   much aggraced." Spenser.
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                                    Aggrace

   Ag*grace" (#), n. Grace; favor. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                 Aggrandizable

   Ag"gran*di"za*ble (#), a. Capable of being aggrandized.

                                Aggrandization

   Ag*gran`di*za"tion (#), n. Aggrandizement. [Obs.] Waterhouse.

                                  Aggrandize

   Ag"gran*dize (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggrandized (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Aggrandizing  (#).]  [F. agrandir; \'85 (L. ad) + grandir to increase,
   L. grandire, fr. grandis great. See Grand, and cf. Finish.]

   1.  To  make  great;  to  enlarge;  to increase; as, to aggrandize our
   conceptions, authority, distress.

   2.  To  make  great  or  greater  in power, rank, honor, or wealth; --
   applied to persons, countries, etc.

     His scheme for aggrandizing his son. Prescott.

   3.  To  make  appear  great  or  greater;  to  exalt. Lamb. Syn. -- To
   augment; exalt; promote; advance.

                                  Aggrandize

   Ag"gran*dize, v. i. To increase or become great. [Obs.]

     Follies, continued till old age, do aggrandize. J. Hall.

                                Aggrandizement

   Ag*gran"dize*ment  (?;  277),  n.  [Cf. F. agrandissement.] The act of
   aggrandizing,  or  the state of being aggrandized or exalted in power,
   rank, honor, or wealth; exaltation; enlargement; as, the emperor seeks
   only  the  aggrandizement  of  his  own  family. Syn. -- Augmentation;
   exaltation; enlargement; advancement; promotion; preferment.

                                  Aggrandizer

   Ag"gran*di`zer (#), n. One who aggrandizes, or makes great.

                                    Aggrate

   Ag*grate"  (#), v. t. [It. aggratare, fr. L. ad + gratus pleasing. See
   Grate, a.] To please. [Obs.]

     Each one sought his lady to aggrate. Spenser.

                                   Aggravate

   Ag"gra*vate  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggravated (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Aggravating.] [L. aggravatus, p. p. of aggravare. See Aggrieve.]

   1.  To  make  heavy  or  heavier;  to  add to; to increase. [Obs.] "To
   aggravate thy store." Shak.

   2.  To  make  worse,  or more severe; to render less tolerable or less
   excusable;  to  make  more  offensive;  to  enhance; to intensify. "To
   aggravate my woes." Pope.

     To aggravate the horrors of the scene. Prescott.

     The  defense  made  by the prisioner's counsel did rather aggravate
     than extenuate his crime. Addison.

   3. To give coloring to in description; to exaggerate; as, to aggravate
   circumstances. Paley.

   4. To exasperate; to provoke; to irritate. [Colloq.]

     If  both were to aggravate her parents, as my brother and sister do
     mine. Richardson (Clarissa).

   Syn.   --  To  heighten;  intensify;  increase;  magnify;  exaggerate;
   provoke; irritate; exasperate.

                                  Aggravating

   Ag"gra*va`ting (#), a.

   1. Making worse or more heinous; as, aggravating circumstances.

   2. Exasperating; provoking; irritating. [Colloq.]

     A thing at once ridiculous and aggravating. J. Ingelow.

                                 Aggravatingly

   Ag"gra*va`ting*ly, adv. In an aggravating manner.

                                  Aggravation

   Ag`gra*va"tion (#), n. [LL. aggravatio: cf. F. aggravation.]

   1.  The act of aggravating, or making worse; -- used of evils, natural
   or  moral; the act of increasing in severity or heinousness; something
   additional  to  a  crime or wrong and enhancing its guilt or injurious
   consequences.

   2. Exaggerated representation.

     By  a  little  aggravation  of  the  features  changed  it into the
     Saracen's head. Addison.

   3.  An extrinsic circumstance or accident which increases the guilt of
   a crime or the misery of a calamity.

   4. Provocation; irritation. [Colloq.] Dickens.

                                  Aggravative

   Ag"gra*va*tive  (#), a. Tending to aggravate. Ag*gres"sive*ly, adv. --
   Ag*gres"sive*ness, n.

     No aggressive movement was made. Macaulay.

                                   Aggressor

   Ag*gres"sor  (#),  n.  [L.:  cf.  F.  agresseur.] The person who first
   attacks  or makes an aggression; he who begins hostility or a quarrel;
   an assailant.

     The  insolence  of  the  aggressor  is  usually proportioned to the
     tameness of the sufferer. Ames.

                                  Aggrievance

   Ag*griev"ance  (#),  n.  [OF.  agrevance,  fr. agrever. See Aggrieve.]
   Oppression; hardship; injury; grievance. [Archaic]

                                   Aggrieve

   Ag*grieve"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Aggrieved (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Aggrieving  (#).]  [OE.  agreven,  OF.  agrever; a (L. ad) + grever to
   burden,  injure,  L.  gravare  to  weigh  down,  fr. gravis heavy. See
   Grieve,  and  cf.  Aggravate.]  To give pain or sorrow to; to afflict;
   hence,  to oppress or injure in one's rights; to bear heavily upon; --
   now commonly used in the passive TO be aggrieved.

     Aggrieved by oppression and extortion. Macaulay.

                                   Aggrieve

   Ag*grieve", v. i. To grieve; to lament. [Obs.]

                                    Aggroup

   Ag*group"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Aggrouped (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Aggrouping.]  [F.  agrouper; \'85 (L. ad) + groupe group. See Group..]
   To bring together in a group; to group. Dryden.

                                  Aggroupment

   Ag*group"ment (#), n. Arrangement in a group or in groups; grouping.

                                 Aggry, Aggri

   Ag"gry,  Ag"gri (#), a. Applied to a kind of variegated glass beads of
   ancient  manufacture; as, aggry beads are found in Ashantee and Fantee
   in Africa.

                                    Aghast

   A*ghast" (#), v. t. See Agast, v. t. [Obs.]

                                    Aghast

   A*ghast"  (#),  a  &  p.  p.  [OE. agast, agasted, p. p. of agasten to
   terrify,  fr.  AS.  pref.  \'be- (cf. Goth. us-, G. er-, orig. meaning
   out)  +  g  to  terrify,  torment:  cf.  Goth.  usgaisjan  to terrify,
   primitively  to  fix,  to  root  to  the  spot with terror; akin to L.
   haerere  to  stick fast, cling. See Gaze, Hesitate.] Terrified; struck
   with amazement; showing signs of terror or horror.

     Aghast  he  waked; and, starting from his bed, Cold sweat in clammy
     drops his limbs o'erspread. Dryden.

     The commissioners read and stood aghast. Macaulay.

                                    Agible

   Ag"i*ble  (#),  a.  [Cf.  LL.  agibilis,  fr.  L.  agere to move, do.]
   Possible  to be done; practicable. [Obs.] "Fit for agible things." Sir
   A. Sherley.

                                     Agile

   Ag"ile  (#),  a.  [F. agile, L. agilis, fr. agere to move. See Agent.]
   Having the faculty of quick motion in the limbs; apt or ready to move;
   nimble; active; as, an agile boy; an agile tongue.

     Shaking it with agile hand. Cowper.

   Syn. -- Active; alert; nimble; brisk; lively; quick.

                                    Agilely

   Ag"ile*ly, adv. In an agile manner; nimbly.

                                   Agileness

   Ag"ile*ness, n. Agility; nimbleness. [R.]

                                    Agility

   A*gil"i*ty (#), n. [F. agili\'82, L. agilitas, fr. agilis.]

   1.  The  quality of being agile; the power of moving the limbs quickly
   and  easily;  nimbleness;  activity; quickness of motion; as, strength
   and agility of body.

     They . . . trust to the agility of their wit. Bacon.

     Wheeling with the agility of a hawk. Sir W. Scott.

   2. Activity; powerful agency. [Obs.]

     The agility of the sun's fiery heat. Holland.

                                     Agio

   Ag"i*o (#), n.; pl. Agios (#). [It. aggio exchange, discount, premium,
   the  same  word  as  agio  ease.  See  Ease.]  (Com.)  The  premium or
   percentage  on a better sort of money when it is given in exchange for
   an inferior sort. The premium or discount on foreign bills of exchange
   is sometimes called agio.

                                   Agiotage

   Ag"i*o*tage   (#),   n.   [F.   agiotage,   fr.  agioter  to  practice
   stockjobbing,  fr.  agio.]  Exchange business; also, stockjobbing; the
   maneuvers  of  speculators  to  raise  or lower the price of stocks or
   public funds.

     Vanity  and  agiotage  are to a Parisian the oxygen and hydrogen of
     life. Landor.

                                     Agist

   A*gist"  (#),  v.  t.  [OF. agister; \'85 (L. ad) + gister to assign a
   lodging,  fr. giste lodging, abode, F. g\'8cte, LL. gistum, gista, fr.
   L.  jacitum,  p.  p.  of  jac to lie: cf. LL. agistare, adgistare. See
   Gist.]  (Law)  To  take to graze or pasture, at a certain sum; -- used
   originally  of  the  feeding  of  cattle  in  the  king's forests, and
   collecting the money for the same. Blackstone.

                                   Agistator

   Ag`is*ta"tor (#), n. [LL.] See Agister.

                               Agister, Agistor

   A*gist"er,  A*gist"or  (#),  n.  [Anglo-Norman  agistour.]  (Law)  (a)
   Formerly,  an officer of the king's forest, who had the care of cattle
   agisted,  and  collected  the  money  for  the  same;  -- hence called
   gisttaker,  which  in  England is corrupted into guest-taker. (b) Now,
   one  who  agists  or  takes  in cattle to pasture at a certain rate; a
   pasturer. Mozley & W.

                                   Agistment

   A*gist"ment  (#),  n. [OF. agistement. See Agist.] (Law) (a) Formerly,
   the  taking  and  feeding of other men's cattle in the king's forests.
   (b)  The  taking  in  by  any  one of other men's cattle to graze at a
   certain  rate.  Mozley & W. (c) The price paid for such feeding. (d) A
   charge  or  rate  against lands; as, an agistment of sea banks, i. e.,
   charge for banks or dikes.

                                   Agitable

   Ag"i*ta*ble (#), a. [L. agitabilis: cf. F. agitable.] Capable of being
   agitated, or easily moved. [R.]

                                    Agitate

   Ag"i*tate  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Agitated (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Agitating  (#).]  [L. agitatus, p. p. of agitare to put in motion, fr.
   agere to move: cf. F. agiter. See Act, Agent.]

   1. To move with a violent, irregular action; as, the wind agitates the
   sea;  to  agitate  water  in  a vessel. "Winds . . . agitate the air."
   Cowper.

   2. To move or actuate. [R.] Thomson.

   3.  To  stir  up; to disturb or excite; to perturb; as, he was greatly
   agitated.

     The mind of man is agitated by various passions. Johnson.

   4.  To  discuss  with  great earnestness; to debate; as, a controversy
   hotly agitated. Boyle.

   5.  To  revolve  in  the mind, or view in all its aspects; to contrive
   busily; to devise; to plot; as, politicians agitate desperate designs.
   Syn.  --  To  move;  shake; excite; rouse; disturb; distract; revolve;
   discuss; debate; canvass.

                                  Agitatedly

   Ag"i*ta`ted*ly, adv. In an agitated manner.

                                   Agitation

   Ag`i*ta"tion (#), n. [L. agitatio: cf. F. agitation.]

   1.  The act of agitating, or the state of being agitated; the state of
   being  moved  with  violence, or with irregular action; commotion; as,
   the sea after a storm is in agitation.

   2. A stirring up or arousing; disturbance of tranquillity; disturbance
   of  mind  which shows itself by physical excitement; perturbation; as,
   to cause any one agitation.

   3.  Excitement of public feeling by discussion, appeals, etc.; as, the
   antislavery   agitation;   labor  agitation.  "Religious  agitations."
   Prescott.

   4.  Examination  or consideration of a subject in controversy, or of a
   plan proposed for adoption; earnest discussion; debate.

     A logical agitation of the matter. L'Estrange.

     The project now in agitation. Swift.

   Syn.   --   Emotion;   commotion;   excitement;  trepidation;  tremor;
   perturbation. See Emotion.

                                   Agitative

   Ag"i*ta*tive (#), a. Tending to agitate.

                                    Agitato

   A`gi*ta"to  (#),  a.  [It.,  agitated.]  (Med.)  Sung  or  played in a
   restless, hurried, and spasmodic manner.

                                   Agitator

   Ag"i*ta`tor (#), n. [L.]

   1. One who agitates; one who stirs up or excites others; as, political
   reformers and agitators.

   2.  (Eng.  Hist.)  One  of  a  body  of  men appointed by the army, in
   Cromwell's  time,  to  look  after  their  interests;  --  called also
   adjutators. Clarendon.

   3. An implement for shaking or mixing.

                                    Agleam

   A*gleam"  (#),  adv.  &  a.  [Pref.  a-  + gleam.] Gleaming; as, faces
   agleam. Lowell.

                                 Aglet, Aiglet

   Ag"let  (#), Aig"let (#), n. [F. aiguillette point, tagged point, dim.
   of  aiguilee  needle,  fr.  LL.  acucula  for acicula, dim. of L. acus
   needle, pinagleter to hook on. See Acute, and cf. Aiguillette.]

   1. A tag of a lace or of the points, braids, or cords formerly used in
   dress.  They  were  sometimes  formed into small images. Hence, "aglet
   baby" (Shak.), an aglet image.

   2. (Haberdashery) A round white staylace. Beck.

                                     Agley

   A*gley" (#), adv. Aside; askew. [Scotch] Burns.

                                   Aglimmer

   A*glim"mer (#), adv. & a. [Pref. a- + glimmer.] In a glimmering state.
   Hawthorne.

                                   Aglitter

   A*glit"ter  (#),  adv.  &  a.  [Pref.  a- + glitter.] Clittering; in a
   glitter.

                                   Aglossal

   A*glos"sal (#), a. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Without tongue; tongueless.

                                     Aglow

   A*glow"  (#),  adv.  &  a.  [Pref. a- + glow.] In a glow; glowing; as,
   cheeks aglow; the landscape all aglow.

                                  Aglutition

   Ag`lu*ti"tion  (#),  n. [Pref. a- not + L. glutire to swallow.] (Med.)
   Inability to swallow.

                                    Agminal

   Ag"mi*nal  (#), a. [L. agminalis; agmen, agminis, a train.] Pertaining
   to an army marching, or to a train. [R.]

                              Agminate, Agminated

   Ag"mi*nate  (#),  Ag"mi*na`ted  (#),  a.  [L. agmen, agminis, a train,
   crowd.] (Physiol.) Grouped together; as, the agminated glands of Peyer
   in the small intestine.

                                    Agnail

   Ag"nail  (#),  n.  [AS.  angn\'91gl; ange vexation, trouble + n\'91gel
   nail. Cf. Hangnail.]

   1. A corn on the toe or foot. [Obs.]

   2. An inflammation or sore under or around the nail; also, a hangnail.

                                    Agnate

   Ag"nate  (#),  a. [L. agnatus, p. p. of agnasci to be born in addition
   to; ad + nasci (for gnasci) to be born. Cf. Adnate.]

   1.  Related  or  akin by the father's side; also, sprung from the same
   male ancestor.

   2. Allied; akin. "Agnate words." Pownall.

     Assume  more  or  less of a fictitious character, but congenial and
     agnate with the former. Landor.

                                    Agnate

   Ag"nate,  n. [Cf. F. agnat.] (Civil Law) A relative whose relationship
   can be traced exclusively through males.

                                    Agnatic

   Ag*nat"ic  (#),  a.  [Cf.  F. agnatique.] Pertaining to descent by the
   male line of ancestors. "The agnatic succession." Blackstone.

                                   Agnation

   Ag*na"tion (#), n. [L. agnatio: cf. F. agnation.]

   1. (Civil Law) Consanguinity by a line of males only, as distinguished
   from cognation. Bouvier.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 33

                                   Agnition

   Ag*ni"tion   (#),   n.   [L.  agnitio,  fr.  agnoscere.  See  Notion.]
   Acknowledgment. [Obs.] Grafton.

                                    Agnize

   Ag*nize"  (#),  v.  t.  [Formed  like recognize, fr. L. agnoscere.] To
   recognize; to acknowledge. [Archaic]

     I do agnize a natural and prompt alacrity. Shak.

                                   Agnoiolgy

   Ag`noi*ol"*gy  (#),  n. [Gr. -logy.] (Metaph.) The doctrine concerning
   those things of which we are necessarily ignorant.

                                    Agnomen

   Ag*no"men (#), n. [L.; ad + nomen name.]

   1.  An  additional  or  fourth name given by the Romans, or account of
   some remarkable exploit or event; as, Publius Caius Scipio Africanus.

   2. An additional name, or an epithet appended to a name; as, Aristides
   the Just.

                                  Agnominate

   Ag*nom"i*nate (#), v. t. To name. [Obs.]

                                 Agnomination

   Ag*nom`i*na"tion (#), n. [L. agnominatio. See Agnomen.]

   1. A surname. [R.] Minsheu.

   2. Paronomasia; also, alliteration; annomination.

                                   Agnostic

   Ag*nos"tic  (#),  a. [Gr. Professing ignorance; involving no dogmatic;
   pertaining to or involving agnosticism. -- Ag*nos"tic*al*ly (#), adv.

                                   Agnostic

   Ag*nos"tic, n. One who professes ignorance, or denies that we have any
   knowledge,  save  of  phenomena; one who supports agnosticism, neither
   affirming  nor  denying  the  existence  of a personal Deity, a future
   life, etc.

                                  Agnosticism

   Ag*nos"ti*cism  (#),  n.  That  doctrine  which, professing ignorance,
   neither  asserts  nor denies. Specifically: (Theol.) The doctrine that
   the  existence  of  a  personal  Deity,  an unseen world, etc., can be
   neither  proved  nor disproved, because of the necessary limits of the
   human mind (as sometimes charged upon Hamilton and Mansel), or because
   of  the  insufficiency  of  the  evidence  furnished  by  physical and
   physical  data,  to  warrant  a  positive conclusion (as taught by the
   school  of  Herbert Spencer); -- opposed alike dogmatic skepticism and
   to dogmatic theism.

                                     Agnus

   Ag"nus  (#),  n.; pl. E. Agnuses (#); L. Agni (#). [L., a lamb.] Agnus
   Dei.

                                 Agnus castus

   Ag"nus  cas"tus (#). [Gr. (Bot.) A species of Vitex (V. agnus castus);
   the chaste tree. Loudon.

     And wreaths of agnus castus others bore. Dryden.

                                   Agnus Dei

   Ag"nus De"i (#). [L., lamb of God.] (R. C. Ch.) (a) A figure of a lamb
   bearing a cross or flag. (b) A cake of wax stamped with such a figure.
   It  is made from the remains of the paschal candles and blessed by the
   Pope. (c) A triple prayer in the sacrifice of the Mass, beginning with
   the words "Agnus Dei."

                                      Ago

   A*go"  (#),  a.  & adv. [OE. ago, agon, p. p. of agon to go away, pass
   by, AS. \'beg\'ben to pass away; \'be- (cf. Goth. us-, Ger. er-, orig.
   meaning  out)  +  g\'ben to go. See Go.] Past; gone by; since; as, ten
   years ago; gone long ago.

                                     Agog

   A*gog" (#), a. & adv. [Cf. F. gogue fun, perhaps of Celtic origin.] In
   eager desire; eager; astir.

     All agog to dash through thick and thin. Cowper.

                                    Agoing

   A*go"ing (#), adv. [Pref. a- + p. pr. of go.] In motion; in the act of
   going; as, to set a mill agoing.

                                     Agon

   Ag"on (#), n.; pl. Agones (#). [Gr. (Gr. Antiq.) A contest for a prize
   at the public games.

                                     Agone

   A*gone" (#), a. & adv. Ago. [Archaic> & Poet.]

     Three days agone I fell sick. 1 Sam. xxx. 13.

                                     Agone

   A"gone (#), n. [See Agonic.] Agonic line.

                                    Agonic

   A*gon"ic  (#), a. [Gr. Not forming an angle. Agonic line (Physics), an
   imaginary  line  on  the  earth's surface passing through those places
   where  the  magnetic  needle  points to the true north; the line of no
   magnetic  variation. There is one such line in the Western hemisphere,
   and another in the Eastern hemisphere.

                                    Agonism

   Ag"o*nism  (#),  n.  [Gr.  Agon.]  Contention  for a prize; a contest.
   [Obs.] Blount.

                                    Agonist

   Ag"o*nist (#), n. [Gr. One who contends for the prize in public games.
   [R.]

                            Agonistic, Agonistical

   Ag`o*nis"tic (#), Ag`o*nis"tic*al (#), a. [Gr. Agonism.] Pertaining to
   violent  contests, bodily or mental; pertaining to athletic or polemic
   feats; athletic; combative; hence, strained; unnatural.

     As  a  scholar,  he  [Dr.  Parr] was brilliant, but he consumed his
     power in agonistic displays. De Quincey.

                                 Agonistically

   Ag`o*nis"tic*al*ly, adv. In an agonistic manner.

                                  Agonistics

   Ag`o*nis"tics  (#), n. The science of athletic combats, or contests in
   public games.

                                    Agonize

   Ag"o*nize  (#),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Agonized (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Agonizing (#).] [F. agoniser, LL. agonizare, fr. Gr. Agony.]

   1. To writhe with agony; to suffer violent anguish.

     To smart and agonize at every pore. Pope.

   2. To struggle; to wrestle; to strive desperately.

                                    Agonize

   Ag"o*nize, v. t. To cause to suffer agony; to subject to extreme pain;
   to torture.

     He agonized his mother by his behavior. Thackeray.

                                  Agonizingly

   Ag"o*ni`zing*ly (#), adv. With extreme anguish or desperate struggles.

                                  Agonothete

   Ag"o*no*thete`  (#), n. [Gr. [Antiq.] An officer who presided over the
   great public games in Greece.

                                  Agonothetic

   Ag`o*no*thet"ic   (#),   a.  [Gr.  Pertaining  to  the  office  of  an
   agonothete.

                                     Agony

   Ag"o*ny (#), n.; pl. Agonies (#). [L. agonia, Gr. agonie. See Agon.]

   1. Violent contest or striving.

     The world is convulsed by the agonies of great nations. Macaulay.

   2.  Pain  so  extreme as to cause writhing or contortions of the body,
   similar  to  those made in the athletic contests in Greece; and hence,
   extreme   pain   of   mind   or  body;  anguish;  paroxysm  of  grief;
   specifically, the sufferings of Christ in the garden of Gethsemane.

     Being in an agony he prayed more earnestly. Luke xxii. 44.

   3. Paroxysm of joy; keen emotion.

     With cries and agonies of wild delight. Pope.

   4.  The  last  struggle  of  life;  death  struggle.  Syn. -- Anguish;
   torment;  throe;  distress; pangs; suffering. -- Agony, Anguish, Pang.
   These  words  agree  in expressing extreme pain of body or mind. Agony
   denotes  acute  and  permanent pain, usually of the whole system., and
   often  producing  contortions.  Anguish  denotes severe pressure, and,
   considered  as bodily suffering, is more commonly local (as anguish of
   a  wound),  thus  differing  from  agony.  A  pang  is  a  paroxysm of
   excruciating pain. It is severe and transient. The agonies or pangs of
   remorse;  the  anguish  of a wounded conscience. "Oh, sharp convulsive
   pangs of agonizing pride!" Dryden.

                                    A-good

   A-good(#),  adv.  [Pref.  a-  + good.] In earnest; heartily. [Obs.] "I
   made her weep agood." Shak.

                                     Agora

   Ag"o*ra  (#),  n.  [Gr.  An  assembly;  hence,  the place of assembly,
   especially the market place, in an ancient Greek city.

                                    Agouara

   A*gou"a*ra  (#),  n. [Native name.] (Zo\'94l.) The crab-eating raccoon
   (Procyon cancrivorus), found in the tropical parts of America.

                                    Agouta

   A*gou"ta  (#),  n.  [Native  name.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A small insectivorous
   mammal  (Solenodon  paradoxus),  allied  to  the  moles, found only in
   Hayti.

                                Agouti, Agouty

   A*gou"ti,  A*gou"ty  (#), n. [F. agouti, acouti, Sp. aguti, fr. native
   name.]  (Zo\'94l.) A rodent of the genus Dasyprocta, about the size of
   a  rabbit,  peculiar  to  South  America and the West Indies. The most
   common species is the Dasyprocta agouti.

                                    Agrace

   A*grace" (#), n. & v. See Aggrace. [Obs.]

                                    Agraffe

   A*graffe"  (#),  n.  [F.  agrafe,  formerly  agraffe, OF. agrappe. See
   Agrappes.]

   1. A hook or clasp.

     The feather of an ostrich, fastened in her turban by an agraffe set
     with brilliants. Sir W. Scott.

   2. A hook, eyelet, or other device by which a piano wire is so held as
   to limit the vibration.

                                  Agrammatist

   A*gram"ma*tist (#), n. [Gr. A illiterate person. [Obs.] Bailey.

                                   Agraphia

   A*graph"i*a  (#),  n.  [Gr.  The  absence  or  loss  of  the  power of
   expressing ideas by written signs. It is one form of aphasia.

                                   Agraphic

   A*graph"ic (#), a. Characterized by agraphia.

                                   Agrappes

   A*grappes" (#), n. pl. [OF. agrappe, F. agrafe; a + grappe (see Grape)
   fr. OHG. kr\'bepfo hook.] Hooks and eyes for armor, etc. Fairholt.

                                   Agrarian

   A*gra"ri*an (#), a. [L. agrarius, fr. ager field.]

   1.  Pertaining to fields, or lands, or their tenure; esp., relating to
   am  equal  or  equitable  division  of lands; as, the agrarian laws of
   Rome,  which  distributed  the  conquered and other public lands among
   citizens.

     His  Grace's  landed  possessions  are  irresistibly inviting to an
     agrarian experiment. Burke.

   2. (Bot.) Wild; -- said of plants growing in the fields.

                                   Agrarian

   A*gra"ri*an, n.

   1. One in favor of an equal division of landed property.

   2. An agrarian law. [R.]

     An equal agrarian is perpetual law. Harrington.

                                  Agrarianism

   A*gra"ri*an*ism  (#),  n.  An  equal  or  equitable division of landed
   property;  the  principles or acts of those who favor a redistribution
   of land.

                                  Agrarianize

   A*gra"ri*an*ize  (#),  v.  t.  To distribute according to, or to imbue
   with, the principles of agrarianism.

                                  Agre, Agree

   A*gre",  A*gree"  (#), adv. [F. \'85 gr\'82. See Agree.] In good part;
   kindly. [Obs.] Rom. of R.

                                     Agree

   A*gree"  (#),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Agreed  (#);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Agreeing.] [F. agr\'82er to accept or receive kindly, fr. \'85 gr\'82;
   \'85  (L.  ad)  +  gr\'82  good  will,  consent, liking, fr. L. gratus
   pleasing, agreeable. See Grateful.]

   1.  To  harmonize in opinion, statement, or action; to be in unison or
   concord;  to  be  or  become  united or consistent; to concur; as, all
   parties agree in the expediency of the law.

     If music and sweet poetry agree. Shak.

     Their witness agreed not together. Mark xiv. 56.

     The more you agree together, the less hurt can your enemies do you.
     Sir T. Browne.

   2.  To  yield assent; to accede; -- followed by to; as, to agree to an
   offer, or to opinion.

   3. To make a stipulation by way of settling differences or determining
   a  price;  to  exchange  promises;  to  come  to  terms or to a common
   resolve; to promise.

     Agree with thine adversary quickly. Matt. v. 25.

     Didst not thou agree with me for a penny ? Matt. xx. 13.

   4. To be conformable; to resemble; to coincide; to correspond; as, the
   picture  does  not  agree  with  the  original;  the  two scales agree
   exactly.

   5. To suit or be adapted in its effects; to do well; as, the same food
   does not agree with every constitution.

   6. (Gram.) To correspond in gender, number, case, or person.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e au xiliary forms of to be are often employed with
     the  participle  agreed. "The jury were agreed." Macaulay. "Can two
     walk  together, except they be agreed ?" Amos iii. 3. The principal
     intransitive  uses  were  probably derived from the transitive verb
     used reflexively. "I agree me well to your desire." Ld. Berners.

   Syn.  --  To  assent;  concur;  consent;  acquiesce;  accede;  engage;
   promise;  stipulate;  contract;  bargain;  correspond; harmonize; fit;
   tally; coincide; comport.

                                     Agree

   A*gree" (#), v. t.

   1. To make harmonious; to reconcile or make friends. [Obs.] Spenser.

   2.  To  admit,  or come to one mind concerning; to settle; to arrange;
   as, to agree the fact; to agree differences. [Obs.]

                                 Agreeability

   A*gree`a*bil"i*ty (#), n. [OF. agreablete.]

   1. Easiness of disposition. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2.   The   quality   of   being,  or  making  one's  self,  agreeable;
   agreeableness. Thackeray.

                                   Agreeable

   A*gree"a*ble (#), a. [F. agr\'82able.]

   1.  Pleasing,  either  to  the mind or senses; pleasant; grateful; as,
   agreeable  manners or remarks; an agreeable person; fruit agreeable to
   the taste.

     A train of agreeable reveries. Goldsmith.

   2. Willing; ready to agree or consent. [Colloq.]

     These Frenchmen give unto the said captain of Calais a great sum of
     money,  so  that he will be but content and agreeable that they may
     enter into the said town. Latimer.

   3.  Agreeing  or  suitable;  conformable;  correspondent;  concordant;
   adapted; -- followed by to, rarely by with.

     That  which  is agreeable to the nature of one thing, is many times
     contrary to the nature of another. L'Estrange.

   4.  In  pursuance,  conformity,  or  accordance; -- in this sense used
   adverbially  for agreeably; as, agreeable to the order of the day, the
   House  took  up  the  report.  Syn.  --  Pleasing;  pleasant; welcome;
   charming; acceptable; amiable. See Pleasant.

                                 Agreeableness

   A*gree"a*ble*ness, n.

   1.  The  quality  of  being  agreeable or pleasing; that quality which
   gives satisfaction or moderate pleasure to the mind or senses.

     That author . . . has an agreeableness that charms us. Pope.

   2.  The  quality  of  being  agreeable  or  suitable;  suitableness or
   conformity; consistency.

     The agreeableness of virtuous actions to human nature. Pearce.

   3. Resemblance; concordance; harmony; -- with to or between. [Obs.]

     The  agreeableness between man and the other parts of the universe.
     Grew.

                                   Agreeably

   A*gree"a*bly, adv.

   1.  In  an agreeably manner; in a manner to give pleasure; pleasingly.
   "Agreeably entertained." Goldsmith.

   2.  In accordance; suitably; consistently; conformably; -- followed by
   to and rarely by with. See Agreeable, 4.

     The  effect  of  which  is,  that  marriages  grow  less  frequent,
     agreeably to the maxim above laid down. Paley.

   3. Alike; similarly. [Obs.]

     Both clad in shepherds' weeds agreeably. Spenser.

                                  Agreeingly

   A*gree"ing*ly,  adv.  In  an  agreeing  manner  (to); correspondingly;
   agreeably. [Obs.]

                                   Agreement

   A*gree"ment (#), n. [Cf. F. agr\'82ment.]

   1.  State  of  agreeing;  harmony  of  opinion,  statement, action, or
   character;  concurrence;  concord;  conformity;  as,  a good agreement
   subsists among the members of the council.

     What agreement hath the temple of God with idols ? 2 Cor. vi. 16.

     Expansion and duration have this further agreement. Locke.

   2.  (Gram.)  Concord  or  correspondence  of  one word with another in
   gender, number, case, or person.

   3.  (Law)  (a)  A concurrence in an engagement that something shall be
   done  or  omitted;  an  exchange  of  promises;  mutual understanding,
   arrangement,  or  stipulation;  a  contract. (b) The language, oral or
   written,  embodying  reciprocal  promises. Abbott. Brande & C. Syn. --
   Bargain; contract; compact; stipulation.

                                    Agreer

   A*gre"er (#), n. One who agrees.

                                   Agrestic

   A*gres"tic (#), a. [L. agrestis, fr. ager field.] Pertaining to fields
   or  the country, in opposition to the city; rural; rustic; unpolished;
   uncouth. "Agrestic behavior." Gregory.

                                  Agrestical

   A*gres"tic*al (#), a. Agrestic. [Obs.]

                                 Agricolation

   A*gric`o*la"tion   (#),  n.  [L.,  agricolatio.]  Agriculture.  [Obs.]
   Bailey.

                                  Agricolist

   A*gric"o*list  (#),  n.  A  cultivator  of the soil; an agriculturist.
   Dodsley.

                                  Agricultor

   Ag"ri*cul`tor  (#),  n.  [L.,  fr. ager field + cultor cultivator.] An
   agriculturist; a farmer. [R.]

                                 Agricultural

   Ag`ri*cul"tur*al  (#),  a.  Of or pertaining to agriculture; connected
   with, or engaged in, tillage; as, the agricultural class; agricultural
   implements,  wages, etc. -- Ag`ri*cul"tur*al*ly, adv. Agricultural ant
   (Zo\'94l.),  a  species  of  ant  which  gathers  and  stores seeds of
   grasses,  for  food. The remarkable species (Myrmica barbata) found in
   Texas  clears  circular  areas  and  carefully cultivates its favorite
   grain, known as ant rice.

                                Agriculturalist

   Ag`ri*cul"tur*al*ist,  n.  An  agriculturist  (which  is the preferred
   form.)

                                  Agriculture

   Ag"ri*cul`ture  (?;  135),  n.  [L.  agricultura; ager field + cultura
   cultivation:  cf.  F.  agriculture.  See Acre and Culture.] The art or
   science  of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops,
   and  the  rearing  and  management  of live stock; tillage; husbandry;
   farming.

                                 Agriculturism

   Ag`ri*cul"tur*ism (#), n. Agriculture. [R.]

                                 Agriculturist

   Ag`ri*cul"tur*ist,  n.  One  engaged  or  skilled  in  agriculture;  a
   husbandman.

     The  farmer  is  always  a practitioner, the agriculturist may be a
     mere theorist. Crabb.

                                    Agrief

   A*grief"  (#),  adv.  [Pref.  a-  +  grief.]  In  grief; amiss. [Obs.]
   Chaucer.

                                   Agrimony

   Ag"ri*mo*ny  (#),  n. [OE. agremoyne, OF. aigremoine, L. agrimonia for
   argemonia,  fr.  Gr.  (Bot.) (a) A genus of plants of the Rose family.
   (b)  The name is also given to various other plants; as, hemp agrimony
   (Eupatorium cannabinum); water agrimony (Bidens).

     NOTE: &hand; Th  e Ag rimonia eu patoria, or  co mmon ag rimony, a 
     perennial herb with a spike of yellow flowers, was once esteemed as
     a medical remedy, but is now seldom used.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 34

                                     Agrin

   A*grin" (#), adv. & a. [Pref. a- + grin.] In the act of grinning. "His
   visage all agrin." Tennyson.

                                  Agriologist

   Ag`ri*ol"o*gist (#), n. One versed or engaged in agriology.

                                   Agriology

   Ag`ri*ol"o*gy (#), n. [Gr. -logy.] Description or comparative study of
   the customs of savage or uncivilized tribes.

                                    Agrise

   A*grise" (#), v. i. [AS. \'begr\'c6san to dread; \'be- (cf. Goth. us-,
   Ger. er-, orig. meaning out) + gr\'c6san, for gr (only in comp.), akin
   to  OHG.  gr,  G.  grausen,  to  shudder. See Grisly.] To shudder with
   terror; to tremble with fear. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Agrise

   A*grise", v. t.

   1. To shudder at; to abhor; to dread; to loathe. [Obs.] Wyclif.

   2. To terrify; to affright. [Obs.]

     His manly face that did his foes agrise. Spenser.

                                     Agrom

   A"grom (#), n. [Native name.] (Med.) A disease occurring in Bengal and
   other parts of the East Indies, in which the tongue chaps and cleaves.

                            Agronomic, Agronomical

   Ag`ro*nom"ic   (#),   Ag`ro*nom"ic*al   (#),   [Cf.  F.  agronomique.]
   Pertaining to agronomy, of the management of farms.

                                  Agronomics

   Ag`ro*nom"ics  (#),  n. The science of the distribution and management
   of land.

                                  Agronomist

   A*gron"o*mist (#), n. One versed in agronomy; a student of agronomy.

                                   Agronomy

   A*gron"o*my  (#),  n.  [Gr.  agronomie.] The management of land; rural
   economy; agriculture.

                                    Agrope

   A*grope"  (#),  adv.  &  a. [Pref. a- + grope.] In the act of groping.
   Mrs. Browning.

                                   Agrostis

   A*gros"tis  (#), n. [L., fr. Gr. A genus of grasses, including species
   called  in  common  language  bent  grass.  Some  of  them,  as redtop
   (Agrostis vulgaris), are valuable pasture grasses.

                       Agrostographic, Agrostographical

   A*gros`to*graph"ic   (#),   A*gros`to*graph"ic*al   (#),  a.  [Cf.  F.
   agrostographique.] Pertaining to agrostography.

                                 Agrostography

   Ag`ros*tog"ra*phy (#), n. [Gr. -graphy.] A description of the grasses.

                         Agrostologic, Agrostological

   A*gros`to*log"ic   (#),  A*gros`to*log"ic*al  (#),  a.  Pertaining  to
   agrostology.

                                 Agrostologist

   Ag`ros*tol"o*gist (#), n. One skilled in agrostology.

                                  Agrostology

   Ag`ros*tol"ogy  (#),  n. [Gr. -logy.] That part of botany which treats
   of the grasses.

                                    Aground

   A*ground" (#), adv. & a. [Pref. a- + ground.] On the ground; stranded;
   --  a  nautical  term  applied to a ship when its bottom lodges on the
   ground. Totten.

                                  Agroupment

   A*group"ment (#), n. See Aggroupment.

                                  Agrypnotic

   Ag`ryp*not"ic  (#),  n.  [Gr.  agrypnotique.]  Anything which prevents
   sleep, or produces wakefulness, as strong tea or coffee.

                                  Aguardiente

   A`guar*di*en"te  (#),  n.  [Sp., contr. of agua ardiente burning water
   (L. aqua water + ardens burning).]

   1. A inferior brandy of Spain and Portugal.

   2.  A  strong  alcoholic drink, especially pulque. [Mexico and Spanish
   America.]

                                     Ague

   A"gue  (#), n. [OE. agu, ague, OF. agu, F. aigu, sharp, OF. fem. ague,
   LL.  (febris)  acuta,  a  sharp, acute fever, fr. L. acutus sharp. See
   Acute.]

   1. An acute fever. [Obs.] "Brenning agues." P. Plowman.

   2.  (Med.)  An  intermittent fever, attended by alternate cold and hot
   fits.

   3.  The  cold  fit  or  rigor of the intermittent fever; as, fever and
   ague.

   4. A chill, or state of shaking, as with cold. Dryden.
   Ague  cake,  an  enlargement  of  the spleen produced by ague. -- Ague
   drop,  a  solution  of  the arsenite of potassa used for ague. -- Ague
   fit,  a fit of the ague. Shak. -- Ague spell, a spell or charm against
   ague.  Gay.  --  Ague tree, the sassafras, -- sometimes so called from
   the use of its root formerly, in cases of ague. [Obs.]

                                     Ague

   A"gue, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Agued (#).] To strike with an ague, or with
   a cold fit. Heywood.

                                    Aguilt

   A*guilt"  (#),  v.  t.  To be guilty of; to offend; to sin against; to
   wrong. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Aguise

   A*guise" (#), n. Dress. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.

                                    Aguise

   A*guise",  v.  t.  [Pref  a-  + guise.] To dress; to attire; to adorn.
   [Obs.]

     Above all knights ye goodly seem aguised. Spenser.

                                    Aguish

   A"gu*ish (#), a.

   1.  Having  the  qualities  of  an  ague;  somewhat cold or shivering;
   chilly; shaky.

     Her aguish love now glows and burns. Granville.

   2.  Productive  of,  or affected by, ague; as, the aguish districts of
   England. T. Arnold. A"gu*ish*ness, n.

                                     Agush

   A*gush"  (#),  adv.  &  a.  [Pref.  a-  +  gush.]  In a gushing state.
   Hawthorne.

                                    Agynous

   Ag"y*nous (#), a. [Gr. (Bot.) Without female organs; male.

                                      Ah

   Ah (#), interj. [OE. a: cf. OF. a, F. ah, L. ah, Gr. \'be, Icel. \'91,
   OHG.  \'be,  Lith.  \'a0,  \'a0\'a0.]  An  exclamation,  expressive of
   surprise,  pity,  complaint, entreaty, contempt, threatening, delight,
   triumph, etc., according to the manner of utterance.

                                      Aha

   A*ha"  (#),  interj. [Ah, interj. + ha.] An exclamation expressing, by
   different  intonations,  triumph,  mixed  with  derision  or irony, or
   simple surprise.

                                      Aha

   A*ha", n. A sunk fence. See Ha-ha. Mason.

                                     Ahead

   A*head" (#), adv. [Pref. a- + head.]

   1. In or to the front; in advance; onward.

     The island bore but a little ahead of us. Fielding.

   2. Headlong; without restraint. [Obs.] L'Estrange.
   To go ahead. (a) To go in advance. (b) To go on onward. (c) To push on
   in  an  enterprise. [Colloq] -- To get ahead of. (a) To get in advance
   of. (b) To surpass; to get the better of. [Colloq.]

                                     Aheap

   A*heap"  (#),  adv.  [Pref.  a-  + heap.] In a heap; huddled together.
   Hood.

                                    Aheight

   A*height"  (#), adv. [Pref. a- + height.] Aloft; on high. [Obs.] "Look
   up aheight." Shak.

                                     Ahem

   A*hem" (#), interj. An exclamation to call one's attention; hem.

                                     Ahey

   A*hey" (#), interj. Hey; ho.

                                     Ahigh

   A*high" (#), adv. On high. [Obs.] Shak.

                                     Ahold

   A*hold"  (#), adv. [Pref. a- + hold.] Near the wind; as, to lay a ship
   ahold. [Obs.] Shak.

                                  Ahorseback

   A*horse"back (#), adv. On horseback.

     Two suspicious fellows ahorseback. Smollet.

                                     Ahoy

   A*hoy"  (#),  interj.  [OE.  a, interj. + hoy.] (Naut.) A term used in
   hailing; as, "Ship ahoy."

                                    Ahriman

   Ah"ri*man  (#),  n.  [Per.] The Evil Principle or Being of the ancient
   Persians;  the  Prince  of  Darkness as opposer to Ormuzd, the King of
   Light.

                                      Ahu

   A"hu (#), n. [Native name.] (Zo\'94l.) The Asiatic gazelle.

                                     Ahull

   A*hull"  (#),  adv.  [Pref. a- + hull.] (Naut.) With the sails furled,
   and the helm lashed alee; -- applied to ships in a storm. See Hull, n.

                                   Ahungered

   A*hun"gered  (#),  a. [Pref. a- + hungered.] Pinched with hunger; very
   hungry. C. Bront\'82.

                                      Ai

   A"i (#), n.; pl. Ais (#). [Braz. a\'8b, ha\'8b, from the animal's cry:
   cf.  F. a\'8b.] (Zo\'94l.) The three-toed sloth (Bradypus tridactylus)
   of South America. See Sloth.

                                Aiblins, Ablins

   Ai"blins,  A"blins  (#),  adv. [See Able.] Perhaps; possibly. [Scotch]
   Burns.

                                 Aich's metal

   Aich's  met"al  (#). A kind of gun metal, containing copper, zinc, and
   iron, but no tin.

                                      Aid

   Aid  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aided (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Aiding.] [F.
   aider, OF. aidier, fr. L. adjutare to help, freq. of adjuvare to help;
   ad  +  juvare to help. Cf. Adjutant.] To support, either by furnishing
   strength or means in co\'94peration to effect a purpose, or to prevent
   or to remove evil; to help; to assist.

     You  speedy  helpers  .  .  . Appear and aid me in this enterprise.
     Shak.

   Syn.  -- To help; assist; support; sustain; succor; relieve; befriend;
   co\'94perate; promote. See Help.

                                      Aid

   Aid, n. [F. aide, OF. a\'8bde, a\'8be, fr. the verb. See Aid, v. t.]

   1. Help; succor; assistance; relief.

     An unconstitutional mode of obtaining aid. Hallam.

   2.  The  person  or  thing that promotes or helps in something done; a
   helper; an assistant.

     It  is  not  good that man should be alone; let us make unto him an
     aid like unto himself. Tobit viii. 6.

   3.  (Eng. Hist.) A subsidy granted to the king by Parliament; also, an
   exchequer loan.

   4.  (Feudal  Law)  A pecuniary tribute paid by a vassal to his lord on
   special occasions. Blackstone.

   5. An aid-de-camp, so called by abbreviation; as, a general's aid.
   Aid  prayer  (Law),  a  proceeding  by which a defendant beseeches and
   claims  assistance  from  some one who has a further or more permanent
   interest  in  the  matter  in  suit. -- To pray in aid, to beseech and
   claim such assistance.

                                    Aidance

   Aid"ance (#), n. [Cf. OF. aidance.] Aid. [R.]

     Aidance 'gainst the enemy. Shak.

                                    Aidant

   Aid"ant  (#),  a.  [Cf.  F. aidant, p. pr. of aider to help.] Helping;
   helpful; supplying aid. Shak.

                                  Aid-de-camp

   Aid"-de-camp`  (#),  n.;  pl.  Aids-de-camp.  (#).  [F.  aide  de camp
   (literally)  camp  assistant.] (Mil.) An officer selected by a general
   to carry orders, also to assist or represent him in correspondence and
   in directing movements.

                                     Aider

   Aid"er (#), n. One who, or that which, aids.

                                    Aidful

   Aid"ful (#), a. Helpful. [Archaic.] Bp. Hall.

                                    Aidless

   Aid"less, a. Helpless; without aid. Milton.

                                   Aid-major

   Aid"-ma`jor (#), n. The adjutant of a regiment.

                                     Aiel

   Ai"el (#), n. See Ayle. [Obs.]

                                    Aiglet

   Aig"let (#), n. Same as Aglet.

                                     Aigre

   Ai"gre (#), a. [F. See Eager.] Sour. [Obs.] Shak.

                                   Aigremore

   Ai"gre*more  (#), n. [F. origin unknown.] Charcoal prepared for making
   powder.

                               Aigret, Aigrette

   Ai"gret (#), Ai*grette (#), n. [F., a sort of white heron, with a tuft
   of  feathers on its head; a tuft of feathers; dim. of the same word as
   heron. See Heron, and cf. Egret, Egrette.]

   1. (Zo\'94l.) The small white European heron. See Egret.

   2. A plume or tuft for the head composed of feathers, or of gems, etc.
   Prescott.

   3.  A  tuft  like  that of the egret. (Bot.) A feathery crown of seed;
   egret; as, the aigrette or down of the dandelion or the thistle.

                                   Aiguille

   Ai`guille" (#), n. [F., a needle. See Aglet.]

   1. A needle-shaped peak.

   2. An instrument for boring holes, used in blasting.

                                  Aiguillette

   Ai`guil*lette" (#), n. [F. See Aglet.]

   1. A point or tag at the end of a fringe or lace; an aglet.

   2.  One  of  the ornamental tags, cords, or loops on some military and
   naval uniforms.

                                    Aigulet

   Ai"gu*let (#), n. See Aglet. Spenser.

                                      Ail

   Ail  (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ailed (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Ailing.] [OE.
   eilen,  ailen,  AS. eglan to trouble, pain; akin to Goth. us-agljan to
   distress, agls troublesome, irksome, aglo, aglitha, pain, and prob. to
   E.  awe. To affect with pain or uneasiness, either physical or mental;
   to  trouble; to be the matter with; -- used to express some uneasiness
   or  affection,  whose  cause is unknown; as, what ails the man? I know
   not what ails him.

     What aileth thee, Hagar? Gen. xxi. 17.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is never used to express a specific disease. We do
     not say, a fever ails him; but, something ails him.

                                      Ail

   Ail,  v.  i. To be affected with pain or uneasiness of any sort; to be
   ill or indisposed or in trouble.

     When he ails ever so little . . . he is so peevish. Richardson.

                                      Ail

   Ail, n. Indisposition or morbid affection. Pope.

                                   Ailanthus

   Ai*lan"thus (#), n. Same as Ailantus.

                                   Ailantus

   Ai*lan"tus  (#),  n. [From aylanto, i. e., tree of heaven, the name of
   the  tree in the Moluccas.] (Bot.) A genus of beautiful trees, natives
   of the East Indies. The tree imperfectly di

                                    Ailette

   Ai*lette  (#),  n.  [F.  ailette,  dim. of aile wing, L. ala.] A small
   square shield, formerly worn on the shoulders of knights, -- being the
   prototype of the modern epaulet. Fairholt.

                                    Ailment

   Ail"ment  (#),  n. Indisposition; morbid affection of the body; -- not
   applied ordinarily to acute diseases. "Little ailments." Landsdowne.

                                  Ailuroidea

   Ai`lu*roid"e*a  (#), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) A group of
   the Carnivora, which includes the cats, civets, and hyenas.

                                      Aim

   Aim  (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Aimed (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Aiming.] [OE.
   amen,  aimen,  eimen,  to  guess  at,  to estimate, to aim, OF. esmer,
   asmer,  fr.  L.  aestimare to estimate; or perh. fr. OF. aesmer; ad) +
   esmer. See Estimate.]

   1.  To  point or direct a missile weapon, or a weapon which propels as
   missile,  towards an object or spot with the intent of hitting it; as,
   to aim at a fox, or at a target.

   2.  To  direct the indention or purpose; to attempt the accomplishment
   of a purpose; to try to gain; to endeavor; -- followed by at, or by an
   infinitive; as, to aim at distinction; to aim to do well.

     Aim'st thou at princes? Pope.

   3. To guess or conjecture. [Obs.] Shak.

                                      Aim

   Aim, v. t. To direct or point, as a weapon, at a particular object; to
   direct,  as  a missile, an act, or a proceeding, at, to, or against an
   object;  as,  to  aim  a  musket  or  an arrow, the fist or a blow (at
   something); to aim a satire or a reflection (at some person or vice).

                                      Aim

   Aim, n. [Cf. OF. esme estimation, fr. esmer. See Aim, v. i.]

   1.  The  pointing  of  a weapon, as a gun, a dart, or an arrow, in the
   line  of  direction with the object intended to be struck; the line of
   fire;  the  direction  of anything, as a spear, a blow, a discourse, a
   remark, towards a particular point or object, with a view to strike or
   affect it.

     Each at the head leveled his deadly aim. Milton.

   2.  The point intended to be hit, or object intended to be attained or
   affected.

     To be the aim of every dangerous shot. Shak.

   3. Intention; purpose; design; scheme.

     How oft ambitious aims are crossed! Pope.

   4. Conjecture; guess. [Obs.]

     What you would work me to, I have some aim. Shak.

   To  cry aim (Archery), to encourage. [Obs.] Shak. Syn. -- End; object;
   scope;   drift;   design;   purpose;   intention;   scheme;  tendency;
   aspiration.

                                     Aimer

   Aim"er (#), n. One who aims, directs, or points.

                                    Aimless

   Aim"less,  a.  Without  aim  or  purpose;  as,  an  aimless  life.  --
   Aim"less*ly, adv. -- Aim"less*ness, n.

                                     Aino

   Ai"no  (#), n. [Said to be the native name for man.] One of a peculiar
   race  inhabiting  Yesso, the Kooril Islands etc., in the northern part
   of  the empire of Japan, by some supposed to have been the progenitors
   of the Japanese. The Ainos are stout and short, with hairy bodies.

                                     Ain't

   Ain't (#). A contraction for are not and am not; also used for is not.
   [Colloq. or llliterate speech]. See An't.

                                      Air

   Air  (#),  n. [OE. air, eir, F. air, L. a\'89r, fr. Gr. wind. In sense
   10  the  French has taking a meaning fr. It. aria atmosphere, air, fr.
   the  same  Latin  word; and in senses 11, 12, 13 the French meaning is
   either  fr.  L.  aria,  or  due to confusion with F. aire, in an older
   sense of origin, descent. Cf. A, Debonair, Malaria, Wind.]

   1.  The  fluid  which  we  breathe, and which surrounds the earth; the
   atmosphere.   It   is   invisible,  inodorous,  insipid,  transparent,
   compressible, elastic, and ponderable.

     NOTE: &hand; By  th e an cient philosophers, air was regarded as an
     element;  but  modern  science  has  shown that it is essentially a
     mixture  of  oxygen  and  nitrogen,  with  a small amount of carbon
     dioxide,  the  average  proportions being, by volume: oxygen, 20.96
     per  cent.;  nitrogen,  79.00  per  cent.; carbon dioxide, 0.04 per
     cent.  These  proportions are subject to a very slight variability.
     Air also always contains some vapor of water.

   2.  Symbolically:  Something unsubstantial, light, or volatile. "Charm
   ache with air." Shak.

     He was still all air and fire. Macaulay

   .  [Air  and  fire  being the finer and quicker elements as opposed to
   earth and water.]

   3.  A  particular  state  of  the  atmosphere, as respects heat, cold,
   moisture,  etc.,  or  as  affecting the sensations; as, a smoky air, a
   damp air, the morning air, etc.

   4.  Any  a\'89riform body; a gas; as, oxygen was formerly called vital
   air. [Obs.]

   5. Air in motion; a light breeze; a gentle wind.

     Let vernal airs through trembling osiers play. Pope.

   6. Odoriferous or contaminated air.

   7. That which surrounds and influences.

     The keen, the wholesome air of poverty. Wordsworth.

   8. Utterance abroad; publicity; vent.

     You gave it air before me. Dryden.

   9. Intelligence; information. [Obs.] Bacon.

   10.  (Mus.)  (a)  A musical idea, or motive, rhythmically developed in
   consecutive  single  tones,  so  as to form a symmetrical and balanced
   whole, which may be sung by a single voice to the stanzas of a hymn or
   song,  or even to plain prose, or played upon an instrument; a melody;
   a  tune;  an  aria.  (b)  In harmonized chorals, psalmody, part songs,
   etc.,  the  part  which  bears the tune or melody -- in modern harmony
   usually the upper part -- is sometimes called the air.

   11.  The  peculiar  look,  appearance,  and bearing of a person; mien;
   demeanor;  as, the air of a youth; a heavy air; a lofty air. "His very
   air." Shak.

   12. Peculiar appearance; apparent character; semblance; manner; style.

     It was communicated with the air of a secret. Pope.

   12.  pl.  An  artificial  or affected manner; show of pride or vanity;
   haughtiness; as, it is said of a person, he puts on airs. Thackeray.
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   Page 35

   14.  (Paint.)  (a) The representation or reproduction of the effect of
   the atmospheric medium through which every object in nature is viewed.
   New Am. Cyc. (b) Carriage; attitude; action; movement; as, the head of
   that portrait has a good air. Fairholt.

   15. (Man.) The artificial motion or carriage of a horse.

     NOTE: &hand; Air is much used adjectively or as the first part of a
     compound  term. In most cases it might be written indifferently, as
     a  separate  limiting word, or as the first element of the compound
     term,  with or without the hyphen; as, air bladder, air-bladder, or
     airbladder; air cell, air-cell, or aircell; air-pump, or airpump.

   Air  balloon.  See  Balloon.  --  Air  bath.  (a) An apparatus for the
   application  of  air  to  the  body.  (b)  An  arrangement  for drying
   substances  in  air  of  any  desired  temperature. -- Air castle. See
   Castle  in  the  air,  under  Castle. -- Air compressor, a machine for
   compressing  air  to  be  used  as  a motive power. -- Air crossing, a
   passage  for air in a mine. -- Air cushion, an air-tight cushion which
   can  be inflated; also, a device for arresting motion without shock by
   confined  air.  --  Air fountain, a contrivance for producing a jet of
   water  by the force of compressed air. -- Air furnace, a furnace which
   depends  on  a natural draft and not on blast. -- Air line, a straight
   line; a bee line. Hence Air-line, adj.; as, air-line road. -- Air lock
   (Hydr.  Engin.), an intermediate chamber between the outer air and the
   compressed-air  chamber  of  a  pneumatic caisson. Knight. -- Air port
   (Nav.), a scuttle or porthole in a ship to admit air. -- Air spring, a
   spring in which the elasticity of air is utilized. -- Air thermometer,
   a form of thermometer in which the contraction and expansion of air is
   made  to  measure changes of temperature. -- Air threads, gossamer. --
   Air  trap, a contrivance for shutting off foul air or gas from drains,
   sewers,  etc.;  a  stench  trap.  --  Air  trunk,  a pipe or shaft for
   conducting  foul  or  heated air from a room. -- Air valve, a valve to
   regulate  the  admission  or  egress  of air; esp. a valve which opens
   inwardly  in  a  steam  boiler  and allows air to enter. -- Air way, a
   passage  for  a  current of air; as the air way of an air pump; an air
   way  in  a mine. -- In the air. (a) Prevalent without traceable origin
   or  authority,  as  rumors.  (b)  Not  in  a fixed or stable position;
   unsettled.  (c) (Mil.) Unsupported and liable to be turned or taken in
   flank;  as,  the  army  had its wing in the air. -- To take air, to be
   divulged; to be made public. -- To take the air, to go abroad; to walk
   or ride out.

                                      Air

   Air  (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aired (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Airing.] [See
   Air, n., and cf. A.]

   1.  To  expose  to  the air for the purpose of cooling, refreshing, or
   purifying; to ventilate; as, to air a room.

     It were good wisdom . . . that the jail were aired. Bacon.

     Were you but riding forth to air yourself. Shak.

   2. To expose for the sake of public notice; to display ostentatiously;
   as, to air one's opinion.

     Airing a snowy hand and signet gem. Tennyson.

   3.  To  expose  to  heat, for the purpose of expelling dampness, or of
   warming; as, to air linen; to air liquors.

                                    Air bed

   Air" bed` (#). A sack or matters inflated with air, and used as a bed.

                                  Air bladder

   Air" blad`der (#).

   1.  (Anat.)  An  air  sac, sometimes double or variously lobed, in the
   visceral  cavity  of many fishes. It originates in the same way as the
   lungs  of  air-breathing  vertebrates,  and  in the adult may retain a
   tubular connection with the pharynx or esophagus.

   2.  A  sac  or  bladder full of air in an animal or plant; also an air
   hole in a casting.

                                   Air brake

   Air"  brake`  (#).  (Mach.) A railway brake operated by condensed air.
   Knight.

                                   Air-built

   Air"-built`  (#),  a.  Erected in the air; having no solid foundation;
   chimerical; as, an air-built castle.

                                   Air cell

   Air" cell` (#).

   1.  (Bot.)  A  cavity in the cellular tissue of plants, containing air
   only.

   2.  (Anat.)  A receptacle of air in various parts of the system; as, a
   cell  or minute cavity in the walls of the air tubes of the lungs; the
   air sac of birds; a dilatation of the air vessels in insects.

                                  Air chamber

   Air" cham`ber (#).

   1. A chamber or cavity filled with air, in an animal or plant.

   2.  A cavity containing air to act as a spring for equalizing the flow
   of a liquid in a pump or other hydraulic machine.

                                   Air cock

   Air" cock` (#). A faucet to allow escape of air.

                                   Air-drawn

   Air"-drawn" (#), a. Drawn in air; imaginary.

     This is the air-drawn dagger. Shak.

                                   Air drill

   Air"  drill`  (#). A drill driven by the elastic pressure of condensed
   air; a pneumatic drill. Knight.

                                  Air engine

   Air"  engine`  (#).  An  engine driven by heated or by compressed air.
   Knight.

                                     Airer

   Air"er (#), n.

   1. One who exposes to the air.

   2. A frame on which clothes are aired or dried.

                                    Air gas

   Air" gas` (#). See under Gas.

                                    Air gun

   Air"  gun`  (#). A kind of gun in which the elastic force of condensed
   air  is  used  to discharge the ball. The air is powerfully compressed
   into  a  reservoir  attached  to the gun, by a condensing pump, and is
   controlled by a valve actuated by the trigger. <-- airhead -->

                                   Air hole

   Air" hole` (#).

   1.  A  hole to admit or discharge air; specifically, a spot in the ice
   not frozen over.

   2.  (Founding)  A  fault  in a casting, produced by a bubble of air; a
   blowhole.

                                    Airily

   Air"i*ly  (#),  adv.  In  an  airy  manner;  lightly; gaily; jauntily;
   fippantly.

                                   Airiness

   Air"i*ness, n.

   1.  The  state  or  quality of being airy; openness or exposure to the
   air; as, the airiness of a country seat.

   2.  Lightness  of  spirits;  gayety; levity; as, the airiness of young
   persons.

                                    Airing

   Air"ing (#), n.

   1.  A  walk  or a ride in the open air; a short excursion for health's
   sake.

   2.  An  exposure  to air, or to a fire, for warming, drying, etc.; as,
   the airing of linen, or of a room.

                                  Air jacket

   Air"  jack`et  (#). A jacket having air-tight cells, or cavities which
   can be filled with air, to render persons buoyant in swimming.

                                    Airless

   Air"less (#), a. Not open to a free current of air; wanting fresh air,
   or communication with the open air.

                                   Air level

   Air" lev`el (#). Spirit level. See Level.

                                    Airlike

   Air"like` (#), a. Resembling air.

                                    Airling

   Air"ling  (#), n. A thoughtless, gay person. [Obs.] "Slight airlings."
   B. Jonson.

                                   Airometer

   Air*om"e*ter (#), n. [Air + -meter.] A hollow cylinder to contain air.
   It  is  closed above and open below, and has its open end plunged into
   water.

                                   Air pipe

   Air"  pipe`  (#).  A  pipe  for the passage of air; esp. a ventilating
   pipe.

                                   Air plant

   Air"  plant`  (#). (Bot.) A plant deriving its sustenance from the air
   alone; an a\'89rophyte.

     NOTE: &hand; Th  e "F  lorida mo ss" (T illandsia), ma ny tr opical
     orchids,  and  most  mosses and lichens are air plants. Those which
     are lodged upon trees, but not parasitic on them, are epiphytes.

                                   Air poise

   Air" poise` (#). [See Poise.] A

                                   Air pump

   Air" pump` (#).

   1. (Physics) A kind of pump for exhausting air from a vessel or closed
   space; also, a pump to condense air of force in into a closed space.

   2.  (Steam  Engines)  A  pump  used  to  exhaust  from a condenser the
   condensed  steam,  the  water  used for condensing, and any commingled
   air.

                                    Air sac

   Air"  sac`  (#).  (Anat.) One of the spaces in different parts. of the
   bodies  of birds, which are filled with air and connected with the air
   passages of the lungs; an air cell.

                                   Air shaft

   Air"  shaft` (#). A passage, usually vertical, for admitting fresh air
   into a mine or a tunnel.

                                  Air-slacked

   Air"-slacked`  (#), a. Slacked, or pulverized, by exposure to the air;
   as, air-slacked lime.

                                   Air stove

   Air"  stove`  (#).  A  stove  for  heating  a  current of air which is
   directed  against  its surface by means of pipes, and then distributed
   through a building.

                                   Air-tight

   Air"-tight`  (#),  a.  So  tight  as  to be impermeable to air; as, an
   air-tight cylinder.

                                   Air-tight

   Air"-tight`, n. A stove the draft of which can be almost entirely shut
   off. [Colloq. U. S.]

                                  Air vessel

   Air"  ves`sel  (#).  A  vessel,  cell,  duct,  or  tube  containing or
   conducting  air;  as  the air vessels of insects, birds, plants, etc.;
   the  air  vessel  of  a  pump,  engine,  etc.  For the latter, see Air
   chamber.  The  air vessels of insects are called trache\'91, of plants
   spiral vessels.

                               Airward, Airwards

   Air"ward (#), Air"wards (#), adv. Toward the air; upward. [R.] Keats.

                                     Airy

   Air"y (#), a.

   1. Consisting of air; as, an airy substance; the airy parts of bodies.

   2.  Relating  or belonging to air; high in air; a\'89rial; as, an airy
   flight. "The airy region." Milton.

   3.  Open  to a free current of air; exposed to the air; breezy; as, an
   airy situation.

   4.  Resembling  air;  thin;  unsubstantial; not material; airlike. "An
   airy spirit." Shak.

   5. Relating to the spirit or soul; delicate; graceful; as, airy music.

   6.  Without  reality;  having  no  solid  foundation; empty; trifling;
   visionary. "Airy fame." Shak.

     Empty sound, and airy notions. Roscommon.

   7. Light of heart; vivacious; sprightly; flippant; superficial. "Merry
   and airy." Jer. Taylor.

   8.  Having  an affected manner; being in the habit of putting on airs;
   affectedly grand. [Colloq.]

   9.  (Paint.)  Having  the  light  and  a\'89rial tints true to nature.
   Elmes.

                                     Aisle

   Aisle  (#),  n.  [OF.  ele, F. aile, wing, wing of a building, L. ala,
   contr.  fr.  axilla.]  (Arch.)  (a)  A lateral division of a building,
   separated  from  the middle part, called the nave, by a row of columns
   or  piers, which support the roof or an upper wall containing windows,
   called  the clearstory wall. (b) Improperly used also for the have; --
   as  in  the phrases, a church with three aisles, the middle aisle. (c)
   Also  (perhaps  from  confusion  with alley), a passage into which the
   pews of a church open.

                                    Aisled

   Aisled (#), a. Furnished with an aisle or aisles.

                                    Aisless

   Ais"less (#), a. Without an aisle.

                                      Ait

   Ait (#), n. [AS. \'c6eg, \'c6g, island. See Eyot.] An islet, or little
   isle, in a river or lake; an eyot.

     The ait where the osiers grew. R. Hodges (1649).

     Among green aits and meadows. Dickens.

                                      Ait

   Ait (#), n. Oat. [Scot.] Burns.

                                     Aitch

   Aitch (#), n. The letter h or H.

                                   Aitchbone

   Aitch"bone`  (#),  n.  [For  nachebone.  For loss of n, cf. Adder. See
   Natch.]  The  bone of the rump; also, the cut of beef surrounding this
   bone. [Spelt also edgebone.]

                                   Aitiology

   Ai`ti*ol"o*gy (#), n. See \'92tiology.

                                     Ajar

   A*jar" (#), adv. [OE. on char ajar, on the turn; AS. cerr, cyrr, turn,
   akin  to  G.  kehren  to  turn,  and to D. akerre. See Char.] Slightly
   turned or opened; as, the door was standing ajar.

                                     Ajar

   A*jar"  (#),  adv.  [Pref.  a-  +  jar.] In a state of discord; out of
   harmony; as, he is ajar with the world.

                                     Ajog

   A*jog" (#), adv. [Pref. a- + jog.] On the jog.

                                    Ajutage

   Aj"u*tage  (#),  n. [F. ajutage, for ajoutage, fr. ajouter to add, LL.
   adjuxtare,  fr.  L. ad + juxta near to, nigh. Cf. Adjutage, Adjustage,
   Adjust.]  A tube through which is water is discharged; an efflux tube;
   as, the ajutage of a fountain.

                                      Ake

   Ake (#), n. & v. See Ache.

                                     Akene

   A*kene" (#), n. (Bot.) Same as Achene.

                                    Aketon

   Ak"e*ton (#), n. [Obs.] See Acton.

                                    Akimbo

   A*kim"bo (#), a. [Etymology unknown. Cf. Kimbo.] With a crook or bend;
   with  the  hand  on  the  hip  and elbow turned outward. "With one arm
   akimbo." Irving.

                                     Akin

   A*kin" (#), a. [Pref. a- (for of) + kin.]

   1.  Of the same kin; related by blood; -- used of persons; as, the two
   families are near akin.

   2.  Allied  by  nature;  partaking of the same properties; of the same
   kind. "A joy akin to rapture." Cowper.

     The  literary character of the work is akin to its moral character.
     Jeffrey.

     NOTE: &hand; This adjective is used only after the noun.

                                   Akinesia

   Ak`i*ne"si*a  (#),  n. [Gr. (Med.) Paralysis of the motor nerves; loss
   of movement. Foster.

                                   Akinesic

   Ak`i*ne"sic (#), a. (med.) Pertaining to akinesia.

                                     Aknee

   A*knee" (#), adv. On the knee. [R.] Southey.

                                     Aknow

   Ak*now"   (#).  Earlier  form  of  Acknow.  [Obs.]  To  be  aknow,  to
   acknowledge; to confess. [Obs.]

                                      Al

   Al (#), a. All. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                      Al-

   Al-.   A   prefix.   (a)  [AS.  eal.]  All;  wholly;  completely;  as,
   almighty,almost.  (b)  [L. ad.] To; at; on; -- in OF. shortened to a-.
   See Ad-. (c) The Arabic definite article answering to the English the;
   as, Alkoran, the Koran or the Book; alchemy, the chemistry.

                                      Al

   Al. conj. Although; if. [Obs.] See All, conj.

                                      Ala

   A"la  (#), n.; pl. Al\'91 (#). [L., a wing.] (Biol.) A winglike organ,
   or part.

                                Alabama period

   Al`a*ba"ma  pe"ri*od (#). (Geol.) A period in the American eocene, the
   lowest in the tertiary age except the lignitic.

                                   Alabaster

   Al"a*bas"ter (#), n. [L. alabaster, Gr. Alabastron, the name of a town
   in Egypt, near which it was common: cf. OF. alabastre, F. alb\'83tre.]

   1.  (Min.)  (a)  A  compact variety or sulphate of lime, or gypsum, of
   fine texture, and usually white and translucent, but sometimes yellow,
   red,  or  gray.  It is carved into vases, mantel ornaments, etc. (b) A
   hard,  compact  variety of carbonate of lime, somewhat translucent, or
   of  banded shades of color; stalagmite. The name is used in this sense
   by Pliny. It is sometimes distinguished as oriental alabaster.

   2.  A  box  or  vessel  for holding odoriferous ointments, etc.; -- so
   called from the stone of which it was originally made. Fosbroke.

                                  Alabastrian

   Al`a*bas"tri*an (#), a. Alabastrine.

                                  Alabastrine

   Al`a*bas"trine  (#),  a.  Of,  pertaining  to,  or like, alabaster; as
   alabastrine limbs.

                                  Alabastrum

   Al`a*bas"trum  (#),  n.; pl. Alabastra (#). [NL.] (Bot.) A flower bud.
   Gray.

                                     Alack

   A*lack"  (#),  interj.  [Prob.  from  ah! lack! OE. lak loss, failure,
   misfortune.  See Lack.] An exclamation expressive of sorrow. [Archaic.
   or Poet.] Shak.

                                   Alackaday

   A*lack"a*day`  (#),  interj.  [For  alack  the  day. Cf. Lackaday.] An
   exclamation expressing sorrow.

     NOTE: &hand; Sh akespeare ha s "alack the day" and "alack the heavy
     day." Compare "woe worth the day."

                                   Alacrify

   A*lac"ri*fy  (#),  v. t. [L. alacer, alacris, lively + -fly.] To rouse
   to action; to inspirit.

                                   Alacrious

   A*lac"ri*ous  (#),  a.  [L.  alacer, alacris.] Brisk; joyously active;
   lively.

     'T were well if we were a little more alacrious. Hammond.

                                  Alacriously

   A*lac"ri*ous*ly, adv. With alacrity; briskly.

                                 Alacriousness

   A*lac"ri*ous*ness, n. Alacrity. [Obs.] Hammond.

                                   Alacrity

   A*lac"ri*ty  (#),  n.  [L.  alacritas, fr. alacer lively, eager, prob.
   akin  to  Gr.  aljan  zeal.]  A  cheerful  readiness,  willingness, or
   promptitude;   joyous  activity;  briskness;  sprightliness;  as,  the
   soldiers advanced with alacrity to meet the enemy.

     I  have  not  that alacrity of spirit, Nor cheer of mind that I was
     wont to have. Shak.

                                   Aladinist

   A*lad"in*ist  (#),  n.  [From  Aladin, for Ala Eddin, i. e., height of
   religion,  a learned divine under Mohammed II. and Bajazet II.] One of
   a sect of freethinkers among the Mohammedans.

                            Alalonga, or Alilonghi

   Al`a*lon"ga  (#),  or  Al`i*lon"ghi  (#), n. (Zo\'94l.) The tunny. See
   Albicore.

                                    Alamire

   A`la*mi"re  (#),  n.  [Compounded of a la mi re, names of notes in the
   musical  scale.]  The  lowest note but one in Guido Aretino's scale of
   music.

                                  Alamodality

   Al`a*mo*dal"i*ty (#), n. The quality of being \'85 la mode; conformity
   to the mode or fashion; fashionableness. [R.] Southey.

                                    Alamode

   Al"a*mode`  (#),  adv.  &  a.  [F.  \'85  la  mode after the fashion.]
   According  to  the  fashion  or prevailing mode. "Alamode beef shops."
   Macaulay.

                                    Alamode

   Al"a*mode`,  n.  A  thin, black silk for hoods, scarfs, etc.; -- often
   called simply mode. Buchanan.

                                    Alamort

   Al`a*mort"  (#),  a. [F. \'85 la mort to the death. Cf. Amort.] To the
   death; mortally.

                                     Alan

   A*lan"  (#),  n. [OF. alan, alant; cf. Sp. alano.] A wolfhound. [Obs.]
   Chaucer.

                                     Aland

   A*land"  (#),  adv.  [Pref.  a- + land.] On land; to the land; ashore.
   "Cast aland." Sir P. Sidney.

                                    Alanine

   Al"a*nine  (#),  n. [Aldehyde + the ending -ine. The -n- is a euphonic
   insertion.]  (Chem.)  A  white crystalline base, C3H7NO2, derived from
   aldehyde  ammonia.<--  one  of the amino acids found in the protein of
   most living tissues -->

                                    Alantin

   A*lan"tin  (#),  n.  [G.  alant  elecampane,  the  Inula  helenium  of
   Linn\'91us.] (Chem.) See Inulin.

                                     Alar

   A"lar (#), a. [L. alarius, fr. ala wing: cf. F. alaire.]

   1. Pertaining to, or having, wings.

   2. (Bot.) Axillary; in the fork or axil. Gray.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 36

                                     Alarm

   A*larm"  (#), n. [F. alarme, It. all' arme to arms ! fr. L. arma, pl.,
   arms. See Arms, and cf. Alarum.]

   1. A summons to arms, as on the approach of an enemy.

     Arming to answer in a night alarm. Shak.

   2.  Any  sound  or  information intended to give notice of approaching
   danger; a warming sound to arouse attention; a warning of danger.

     Sound an alarm in my holy mountain. Joel ii. 1.

   3.  A  sudden  attack;  disturbance;  broil. [R.] "These home alarms."
   Shak.

     Thy palace fill with insults and alarms. Pope.

   4.  Sudden  surprise  with  fear  or terror excited by apprehension of
   danger;  in  the  military use, commonly, sudden apprehension of being
   attacked by surprise.

     Alarm and resentment spread throughout the camp. Macaulay.

   5. A mechanical contrivance for awaking persons from sleep, or rousing
   their attention; an alarum.
   Alarm  bell,  a  bell  that  gives notice on danger. -- Alarm clock or
   watch,  a  clock  or  watch  which  can be so set as to ring or strike
   loudly at a prearranged hour, to wake from sleep, or excite attention.
   --  Alarm  gauge, a contrivance attached to a steam boiler for showing
   when the pressure of steam is too high, or the water in the boiler too
   low.  --  Alarm post, a place to which troops are to repair in case of
   an alarm. Syn. -- Fright; affright; terror; trepidation; apprehension;
   consternation;  dismay;  agitation;  disquiet;  disquietude. -- Alarm,
   Fright,  Terror,  Consternation. These words express different degrees
   of  fear  at  the approach of danger. Fright is fear suddenly excited,
   producing confusion of the senses, and hence it is unreflecting. Alarm
   is  the  hurried  agitation  of  feeling which springs from a sense of
   immediate  and  extreme  exposure.  Terror  is agitating and excessive
   fear,   which   usually   benumbs   the  faculties.  Consternation  is
   overwhelming   fear,   and  carries  a  notion  of  powerlessness  and
   amazement.   Alarm   agitates   the  feelings;  terror  disorders  the
   understanding  and affects the will; fright seizes on and confuses the
   sense;  consternation  takes  possession  of the soul, and subdues its
   faculties. See Apprehension.

                                     Alarm

   A*larm",  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Alarmed (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Alarming.]
   [Alarm, n. Cf. F. alarmer.]

   1.  To  call  to  arms  for  defense;  to  give notice to (any one) of
   approaching  danger;  to  rouse to vigilance and action; to put on the
   alert.

   2. To keep in excitement; to disturb.

   3.  To  surprise  with apprehension of danger; to fill with anxiety in
   regard to threatening evil; to excite with sudden fear.

     Alarmed by rumors of military preparation. Macaulay.

                                   Alarmable

   A*larm"a*ble (#), a. Easily alarmed or disturbed.

                                    Alarmed

   A*larmed" (#), a. Aroused to vigilance; excited by fear of approaching
   danger;  agitated;  disturbed; as, an alarmed neighborhood; an alarmed
   modesty.

     The white pavilions rose and fell On the alarmed air. Longfellow.

                                   Alarmedly

   A*larm"ed*ly (#), adv. In an alarmed manner.

                                   Alarming

   A*larm"ing,  a.  Exciting,  or  calculated  to  excite, alarm; causing
   apprehension   of  danger;  as,  an  alarming  crisis  or  report.  --
   A*larm"ing*ly, adv.

                                   Alarmist

   A*larm"ist,  n.  [Cf.  F.  alarmiste.]  One  prone  to sound or excite
   alarms, especially, needless alarms. Macaulay.

                                    Alarum

   A*lar"um  (?;  277),  n.  [OE. alarom, the same word as alarm, n.] See
   Alarm. [Now Poetic]

     NOTE: &hand; Th e variant form alarum is now commonly restricted to
     an  alarm signal or the mechanism to sound an alarm (as in an alarm
     clock.)

                                     Alary

   Al"a*ry (#), a. [L. alarius, fr. ala wing.] Of or pertaining to wings;
   also, wing-shaped.

     The alary system of insects. Wollaston.

                                     Alas

   A*las" (#), interj. [OE. alas, allas, OF. alas, F. h\'82las; a interj.
   (L. ah.) + las wretched (that I am), L. lassus weary, akin to E. late.
   See  Late.] An exclamation expressive of sorrow, pity, or apprehension
   of  evil;  -- in old writers, sometimes followed by day or white; alas
   the day, like alack a day, or alas the white.

                                     Alate

   A*late" (#), adv. [Pref. a- + late.] Lately; of late. [Archaic]

     There hath been alate such tales spread abroad. Latimer.

                                 Alate, Alated

   A"late  (#),  A"la*ted  (#),  a.  [L.  alatus, from ala wing.] Winged;
   having wings, or side appendages like wings.

                              Alatern, Alaternus

   Al"a*tern  (#), Al`a*ter"nus (#), n. [L. ala wing + terni three each.]
   (Bot.)  An ornamental evergreen shrub (Rhamnus alaternus) belonging to
   the buckthorns.

                                    Alation

   A*la"tion  (#),  n.  [F.,  fr.  L.  alatus winged.] The state of being
   winged.

                                    Alaunt

   A*launt" (#), n. See Alan. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                      Alb

   Alb  (#),  n.  [OE.  albe, LL. alba, fr. L. albus white. Cf. Album and
   Aube.]  A vestment of white linen, reaching to the feet, an enveloping
   the  person;  --  in  the Roman Catholic church, worn by those in holy
   orders  when  officiating  at  mass. It was formerly worn, at least by
   clerics, in daily life.

                                   Albacore

   Al"ba*core (#), n. (Zo\'94l.) See Albicore.

                                     Alban

   Al"ban  (#), n. [L. albus white.] (Chem.) A white crystalline resinous
   substance  extracted  from  gutta-percha  by  the action of alcohol or
   ether.

                                   Albanian

   Al*ba"ni*an (#), a. Of or pertaining to Albania, a province of Turkey.
   -- n. A native of Albania.

                                    Albata

   Al*ba"ta (#), n. [L. albatus, p. p. of albare to make white, fr. albus
   white.]  A  white  metallic  alloy;  which is made into spoons, forks,
   teapots, etc. British plate or German silver. See German silver, under
   German.

                                   Albatross

   Al"ba*tross  (#),  n. [Corrupt. fr. Pg. alcatraz cormorant, albatross,
   or  Sp.  alcatraz  a pelican: cf. Pg. alcatruz, Sp. arcaduz, a bucket,
   fr.  Ar. al-q\'bedus the bucket, fr. Gr. ka`dos, a water vessel. So an
   Arabic  term for pelican is water-carrier, as a bird carrying water in
   its  pouch.]  (Zo\'94l.)  A web-footed bird, of the genus Diomedea, of
   which  there  are  several species. They are the largest of sea birds,
   capable  of  long-continued  flight,  and  are  often  seen  at  great
   distances  from  the  land.  They  are  found  chiefly in the southern
   hemisphere.

                                  Albe, Albee

   Al`be", Al`bee" (#), conj. [See Albeit.] Although; albeit. [Obs.]

     Albe Clarissa were their chiefest founderess. Spenser.

                                    Albedo

   Al*be"do  (#),  n.  [L.,  fr.  albus  white.] Whiteness. Specifically:
   (Astron.)  The  ratio  which  the  light  reflected from an unpolished
   surface bears to the total light falling upon that surface.

                                    Albeit

   Al`be"it  (#),  conj.  [OE. al be although it be, where al is our all.
   Cf. Although.] Even though; although; notwithstanding. Chaucer.

     Albeit so masked, Madam, I love the truth. Tennyson.

                                   Albertite

   Al"bert*ite  (#), n. (Min.) A bituminous mineral resembling asphaltum,
   found in the county of A.

                                   Albertype

   Al"ber*type  (#),  n.  [From  the  name  of  the  inventor, Albert, of
   Munich.]  A  picture printed from a kind of gelatine plate produced by
   means of a photographic negative.

                                  Albescence

   Al*bes"cence (#), n. The act of becoming white; whitishness.

                                   Albescent

   Al*bes"cent  (#), a. [L. albescens, p. pr. of albescere to grow white,
   fr. albus white.] Becoming white or whitish; moderately white.

                                   Albicant

   Al"bi*cant  (#), a. [L. albicans, p. pr. of albicare, albicatum, to be
   white, fr. albus white.] Growing or becoming white.

                                  Albication

   Al`bi*ca"tion  (#),  n.  The  process of becoming white, or developing
   white patches, or streaks.

                                   Albicore

   Al"bi*core  (#),  n.  [F.  albicore  (cf.  Sp.  albacora, Pg. albacor,
   albacora,  albecora),  fr.  Ar.  bakr, bekr, a young camel, young cow,
   heifer, and the article al: cf. Pg. bacoro a little pig.] (Zo\'94l.) A
   name  applied  to  several  large  fishes of the Mackerel family, esp.
   Orcynus  alalonga.  One  species  (Orcynus  thynnus),  common  in  the
   Mediterranean  and  Atlantic,  is  called  in  New  England  the horse
   mackerel; the tunny. [Written also albacore.]

                                 Albification

   Al`bi*fi*ca"tion (#), n. [Cf. F. albification: L. albus white + ficare
   (only in comp.), facere, to make.] The act or process of making white.
   [Obs.]

                             Albigenses, Albigeois

   Al`bi*gen"ses  (#), Al`bi`geois" (#), n. pl. [From Albi and Albigeois,
   a  town  and  its  district  in the south of France, in which the sect
   abounded.]  (Eccl. Hist.) A sect of reformers opposed to the church of
   Rome in the 12th centuries.

     NOTE: The Al bigenses we re a  branch of the Catharists (the pure).
     They  were  exterminated by crusades and the Inquisition. They were
     distinct from the Waldenses.

                                  Albigensian

   Al`bi*gen"sian (#), a. Of or pertaining to the Albigenses.

                                   Albiness

   Al*bi"ness (#), n. A female albino. Holmes.

                                   Albinism

   Al"bi*nism  (#),  n.  The  state  or  condition  of  being  an albino:
   abinoism; leucopathy.

                                  Albinistic

   Al`bi*nis"tic (#), a. Affected with albinism.

                                    Albino

   Al*bi"no  (?;  277),  n.;  pl.  Albinos (#). [Sp. or Pg. albino, orig.
   whitish,  fr.  albo white, L. albus.] A person, whether negro, Indian,
   or  white,  in whom by some defect of organization the substance which
   gives  color  to  the skin, hair, and eyes is deficient or in a morbid
   state.  An  albino  has  a  skin of a milky hue, with hair of the same
   color, and eyes with deep red pupil and pink or blue iris. The term is
   also used of the lower animals, as white mice, elephants, etc.; and of
   plants  in  a whitish condition from the absence of chlorophyll. Amer.
   Cyc.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e te rm was originally applied by the Portuguese to
     negroes  met  with  on  the  coast of Africa, who were mottled with
     white spots.

                                   Albinoism

   Al*bi"no*ism  (#),  n.  The  state  or  condition  of being an albino;
   albinism.

                                   Albinotic

   Al`bi*not"ic (#), a. Affected with albinism.

                                    Albion

   Al"bi*on  (#),  n.  [Prob. from the same root as Gael. alp a height or
   hill.  "It  may  have been bestowed on the land lying behind the white
   cliffs  visible  from  the  coast  of  Gaul.  Albany,  the old name of
   Scotland, means probably the "hilly land." I. Taylor.] An ancient name
   of England, still retained in poetry.

     In that nook-shotten isle of Albion. Shak.

                                    Albite

   Al"bite  (#),  n.  [L.  albus white.] (Min.) A mineral of the feldspar
   family, triclinic in crystallization, and in composition a silicate of
   alumina and soda. It is a common constituent of granite and of various
   igneous rocks. See Feldspar.

                                   Albolith

   Al"bo*lith (#), n. [L. albus white + -lith.] A kind of plastic cement,
   or  artificial  stone,  consisting  chiefly of magnesia and silica; --
   called also albolite.

                                    Alborak

   Al"bo*rak  (?; 277), n. [Ar. al-bur\'beq, fr. baraqa to flash, shine.]
   The  imaginary  milk-white  animal  on which Mohammed was said to have
   been carried up to heaven; a white mule.

                                  Albugineous

   Al`bu*gin"e*ous (#), a. [See Albugo.] Of the nature of, or resembling,
   the  white  of the eye, or of an egg; albuminous; -- a term applied to
   textures, humors, etc., which are perfectly white.

                                    Albugo

   Al*bu"go (#), n.; pl. Albugines (#). [L., whiteness, fr. albus white.]
   (Med.) Same as Leucoma.

                                     Album

   Al"bum (#), n. [L., neut. of albus white: cf. F. album. Cf. Alb.]

   1.  (Rom. Antiq.) A white tablet on which anything was inscribed, as a
   list of names, etc.

   2. A register for visitors' names; a visitors' book.

   3.  A  blank  book,  in  which to insert autographs sketches, memorial
   writing of friends, photographs, etc.

                                    Albumen

   Al*bu"men (#), n. [L., fr. albus white.]

   1. The white of an egg.

   2.  (Bot.)  Nourishing  matter stored up within the integuments of the
   seed  in  many  plants,  but not incorporated in the embryo. It is the
   floury  part  in  corn, wheat, and like grains, the oily part in poppy
   seeds, the fleshy part in the cocoanut, etc.

   3. (Chem.) Same as Albumin.

                                  Albumenize

   Al*bu"men*ize  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Albumenized (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Albumenizing.] To cover or saturate with albumen; to coat or treat
   with an albuminous solution; as, to albuminize paper.

                                Album Gr\'91cum

   Al"bum  Gr\'91"cum  (#).  [L.,  Greek  white.] Dung of dogs or hyenas,
   which  becomes  white  by  exposure  to  air.  It  is used in dressing
   leather, and was formerly used in medicine.

                                    Albumin

   Al*bu"min  (#),  n.  (Chem.)  A  thick, viscous nitrogenous substance,
   which is the chief and characteristic constituent of white of eggs and
   of  the  serum of blood, and is found in other animal substances, both
   fluid  and  solid,  also  in  many  plants.  It is soluble in water is
   coagulated  by  heat  ad by certain chemical reagents. Acid albumin, a
   modification  of albumin produced by the action of dilute acids. It is
   not  coagulated by heat. -- Alkali albumin, albumin as modified by the
   action of alkaline substances; -- called also albuminate.

                                  Albuminate

   Al*bu"mi*nate (#), n. (Chem.) A substance produced by the action of an
   alkali  upon albumin, and resembling casein in its properties; also, a
   compound formed by the union of albumin with another substance.

                                Albuminiferous

   Al*bu`mi*nif"er*ous (#), a. [L. albumen + -ferous.] Supplying albumen.

                                 Albuminimeter

   Al*bu`mi*nim"e*ter  (#),  n.  [L.  albumen, albuminis + -meter: cf. F.
   albuminim\'8atre.]  An  instrument  for  ascertaining  the quantity of
   albumen in a liquid.

                                   Albuminin

   Al*bu"mi*nin  (#), n. (Chem.) The substance of the cells which inclose
   the white of birds' eggs.

                                Albuminiparous

   Al*bu`mi*nip"a*rous  (#),  a.  [L.  albumen  +  parere  to bear, bring
   forth.] Producing albumin.

                                  Albuminoid

   Al*bu"mi*noid (#), a. [L. albumen + -oid.] (Chem.) Resembling albumin.
   --  n.  One  of  a  class of organic principles (called also proteids)
   which  form  the  main  part  of  organized tissues.<-- = protein. -->
   Brunton.

                                 Albuminoidal

   Al*bu`mi*noid"al (#), a. (Chem.) Of the nature of an albuminoid.

                                  Albuminose

   Al*bu"mi*nose`  (#),  n.  (Chem.)  A  diffusible substance formed from
   albumin  by  the  action  of  natural or artificial gastric juice. See
   Peptone.  <-- *note* this term is used in this dictionary in the sense
   now expressed as "proteinaceous" -->

                            Albuminous, Albuminose

   Al*bu"mi*nous   (#),  Al*bu"mi*nose`  (#),  a.  [Cf.  F.  albumineux.]
   Pertaining  to,  or  containing, albumen; having the properties of, or
   resembling, albumen or albumin. -- Al*bu"mi*nous*ness, n.

                                  Albuminuria

   Al*bu`mi*nu"ri*a  (#),  n.  [NL., fr. L. albumen + Gr. (Med.) A morbid
   condition in which albumin is present in the urine.

                                   Albumose

   Al"bu*mose`  (#),  n.  [From  albumin.] (Chem.) A compound or class of
   compounds  formed  from albumin by dilute acids or by an acid solution
   of pepsin. Used also in combination, as antialbumose, hemialbumose.

                                    Alburn

   Al"burn  (#),  n.  [L.  alburnus,  fr.  L.  albus  white. Cf. Auburn.]
   (Zo\'94l.)  The  bleak,  a  small  European  fish  having  scales of a
   peculiarly silvery color which are used in making artificial pearls.

                                   Alburnous

   Al*bur"nous (#), a. Of or pertaining to alburnum; of the alburnum; as,
   alburnous substances.

                                   Alburnum

   Al*bur"num  (#), n. [L., fr. albus white.] (Bot.) The white and softer
   part  of  wood,  between  the inner bark and the hard wood or duramen;
   sapwood.

                                     Albyn

   Al"byn (#), n. [See Albion.] Scotland; esp. the Highlands of Scotland.
   T. Cambell.

                                    Alcade

   Al*cade" (#), n. Same as Alcaid.

                                   Alcahest

   Al"ca*hest (#), n. Same as Alkahest.

                                    Alcaic

   Al*ca"ic (#), a. [L. Alca\'8bcus, Gr. Pertaining to Alc\'91us, a lyric
   poet  of  Mitylene,  about 6000 b. c. -- n. A kind of verse, so called
   from  Alc\'91us.  One  variety  consists  of  five  feet, a spondee or
   iambic, an iambic, a long syllable, and two dactyls.

                                Alcaid, Alcayde

   Al*caid",  Al*cayde"  (#),  n.  [Sp.  alcaide,  fr.  Ar. al-q\'be\'c6d
   governor, fr. q\'beda to lead, govern.]

   1.   A  commander  of  a  castle  or  fortress  among  the  Spaniards,
   Portuguese, and Moors.

   2. The warden, or keeper of a jail.

                                    Alcalde

   Al*cal"de  (#), n. [Sp. alcalde, fr. Ar. al-q\'bed\'c6 judge, fr. qada
   to  decide,  judge.  Hence,  the  cadi  of  the  Turks.  Cf.  Cadi.] A
   magistrate or judge in Spain and in Spanish America, etc. Prescott.

     NOTE: &hand; Sometimes confounded with Alcaid.

                                  Alcalimeter

   Al`ca*lim"e*ter, n. See Alkalimeter.

                                    Alcanna

   Al*can"na  (#),  n. [Sp. alcana, alhe, fr. Ar. al-hinn\'be. See Henna,
   and  cf.  Alkanet.]  (Bot.)  An oriental shrub (Lawsonia inermis) from
   which henna is obtained.

                                   Alcarraza

   Al`car*ra"za  (#), n.; pl. Alcarrazas. (#) [Sp., from Ar. al-kurr\'bez
   earthen  vessel.]  A  vessel  of  porous earthenware, used for cooling
   liquids by evaporation from the exterior surface.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 37

                                    Alcayde

   Al*cayde" (#), n. Same as Alcaid.

                                    Alcazar

   Al*ca"zar  (#),  n.  [  fr.  Ar.  al  the + qacr (in pl.) a castle.] A
   fortress; also, a royal palace. Prescott.

                                    Alcedo

   Al*ce"do  (#),  n.  [L., equiv. to Gr. Halcyon.] (Zo\'94l.) A genus of
   perching birds, including the European kingfisher (Alcedo ispida). See
   Halcyon.

                             Alchemic, Alchemical

   Al*chem"ic  (#),  Al*chem"ic*al  (#),  a.  [Cf.  F. alchimique.] Of or
   relating to alchemy.

                                 Alchemically

   Al*chem"ic*al*ly, adv. In the manner of alchemy.

                                   Alchemist

   Al"che*mist  (#),  n.  [Cf.  OF.  alquemiste,  F. alchimiste.] One who
   practices alchemy.

     You are alchemist; make gold. Shak.

                          Alchemistic, Alchemistical

   Al`che*mis"tic   (#),   Al`che*mis"tic*al   (#),  a.  Relating  to  or
   practicing alchemy.

     Metaphysical and alchemistical legislators. Burke.

                                  Alchemistry

   Al"che*mis*try (#), n. Alchemy. [Obs.]

                                   Alchemize

   Al"che*mize (#), v. t. To change by alchemy; to transmute. Lovelace.

                                    Alchemy

   Al"che*my   (#),   n.   [OF.   alkemie,  arquemie,  F.  alchimie,  Ar.
   al-k\'c6m\'c6a,  fr.  late  Gr. alquimia, It. alchimia. Gr. fundere to
   pour,  Goth.  guitan,  AS.  ge\'a2tan, to pour, and so to E. fuse. See
   Fuse, and cf. Chemistry.]

   1.  An  imaginary  art  which aimed to transmute the baser metals into
   gold,  to  find the panacea, or universal remedy for diseases, etc. It
   led the way to modern chemistry.

   2.  A  mixed metal composed mainly of brass, formerly used for various
   utensils; hence, a trumpet. [Obs.]

     Put to their mouths the sounding alchemy. Milton.

   3.  Miraculous  power  of  transmuting something common into something
   precious.

     Kissing  with  golden  face the meadows green, Gilding pale streams
     with heavenly alchemy. Shak.

             Alchymic, a., Alchymist, n., Alchymistic, a., Alchymy

   Al*chym"ic  (#),  a.,  Al"chy*mist  (#),  n.,  Al`chy*mis"tic (#), a.,
   Al"chy*my (#), n. See Alchemic, Alchemist, Alchemistic, Alchemy.

                                     Alco

   Al"co  (#),  n.  A  small  South  American  dog,  domesticated  by the
   aborigines.

                               Alcoate, Alcohate

   Al"co*ate (#), Al"co*hate (#), n. Shortened forms of Alcoholate.

                                    Alcohol

   Al"co*hol  (#),  n.  [Cf.  F.  alcool,  formerly  written alcohol, Sp.
   alcohol alcohol, antimony, galena, OSp. alcofol; all fr. Ar. al-kohl a
   powder of antimony or galena, to paint the eyebrows with. The name was
   afterwards  applied,  on  account  of  the fineness of this powder, to
   highly  rectified  spirits, a signification unknown in Arabia. The Sp.
   word has bot meanings. Cf. Alquifou.]

   1. An impalpable powder. [Obs.]

   2.  The  fluid essence or pure spirit obtained by distillation. [Obs.]
   Boyle.

   3.  Pure  spirit of wine; pure or highly rectified spirit (called also
   ethyl alcohol); the spirituous or intoxicating element of fermented or
   distilled   liquors,  or  more  loosely  a  liquid  containing  it  in
   considerable  quantity.  It  is  extracted by simple distillation from
   various  vegetable  juices and infusions of a saccharine nature, which
   have undergone vinous fermentation.

     NOTE: &hand; As  us ed in  th e U.  S.  "P harmacop&oe;ia, al cohol
     contains  91  per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol and 9 per cent of
     water; and diluted alcohol (proof spirit) contains 45.5 per cent by
     weight of ethyl alcohol and 54.5 per cent of water.

   4.  (Organic Chem.) A class of compounds analogous to vinic alcohol in
   constitution.  Chemically  speaking,  they  are  hydroxides of certain
   organic  radicals; as, the radical ethyl forms common or ethyl alcohol
   (C2H5OH);  methyl  forms  methyl alcohol (CH3.OH) or wood spirit; amyl
   forms amyl alcohol (C5H11.OH) or fusel oil, etc.

                                  Alcoholate

   Al"co*hol*ate  (#),  n.  [Cf.  F.  alcolaie.] (Chem.) A crystallizable
   compound  of  a  salt  with  alcohol, in which the latter plays a part
   analogous to that of water of crystallization. Graham.

                                 Alcoholature

   Al`co*hol"a*ture  (#),  n.  [Cf.  F. alcoolature.] (Med.) An alcoholic
   tincture prepared with fresh plants. New Eng. Dict.

                                   Alcoholic

   Al`co*hol"ic  (#), a. [Cf. F. alcolique.] Of or pertaining to alcohol,
   or  partaking  of  its qualities; derived from, or caused by, alcohol;
   containing  alcohol;  as,  alcoholic  mixtures;  alcoholic  gastritis;
   alcoholic odor.

                                   Alcoholic

   Al`co*hol"ic, n.

   1. A person given to the use of alcoholic liquors.

   2. pl. Alcoholic liquors.

                                  Alcoholism

   Al"co*hol*ism (#), n. [Cf. F. alcoolisme.] (Med.) A diseased condition
   of  the  system,  brought  about  by  the  continued  use of alcoholic
   liquors.

                                Alcoholization

   Al`co*hol`i*za"tion (#), n. [Cf. F. alcoolisation.]

   1.  The  act  of  reducing a substance to a fine or impalpable powder.
   [Obs.] Johnson.

   2. The act rectifying spirit.

   3.  Saturation  with  alcohol;  putting  the  animal  system under the
   influence of alcoholic liquor.

                                  Alcoholize

   Al"co*hol*ize  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alcoholized (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Alcoholizing.] [Cf. F. alcooliser.]

   1. To reduce to a fine powder. [Obs.] Johnson.

   2.  To  convert  into  alcohol;  to  rectify;  also,  to saturate with
   alcohol.

                          Alcoholometer, Alcoholmeter

   Al`co*hol*om"e*ter  (#),  Al`co*hol"me*ter (#), n. [Alcohol + -meter.]
   (Chem.)  An instrument for determining the strength of spirits, with a
   scale  graduated  so  as  to  indicate the percentage of pure alcohol,
   either  by weight or volume. It is usually a form of hydrometer with a
   special scale.

               Alcoholometric, Alcoholometrical, Alcoholmetrical

   Al`co*hol`o*met"ric       (#),       Al`co*hol`o*met"ric*al       (#),
   Al`co*hol*met"ric*al   (#),   a.  Relating  to  the  alcoholometer  or
   alcoholometry.

     The alcoholometrical strength of spirituous liquors. Ure.

                                 Alcoholometry

   Al`co*hol"om"e*try  (#),  n. The process or method of ascertaining the
   proportion of pure alcohol which spirituous liquors contain.

                         Alcohometer, n., Alcohometric

   Al`co*hom"e*ter  (#),  n., Al`co*ho*met"ric, a. Same as Alcoholometer,
   Alcoholometric.

                                 Alco\'94metry

   Al`co*\'94m"e*try (#), n. See Alcoholometry.

     NOTE: &hand; Th  e ch  emists sa  y al com\'8atre, al coom\'8atrie,
     doubtless  by  the  suppression  of  a syllable in order to avoid a
     disagreeable sequence of sounds. (Cf. Idolatry.)

   Littr\'82.

                                    Alcoran

   Al"co*ran  (?;  277),  n. [ets>alcoran, fr. Ar. al-qor\'ben, orig. the
   reading,  the  book,  fr.  qaraa  to  read. Cf. Koran.] The Mohammedan
   Scriptures; the Koran (now the usual form). [Spelt also Alcoran.]

                                   Alcoranic

   Al`co*ran"ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to the Koran.

                                  Alcoranist

   Al`co*ran"ist,  n.  One  who  adheres  to  the  letter  of  the Koran,
   rejecting all traditions.

                                    Alcove

   Al"cove  (?;  277),  n.  [F.  alc\'93ve,  Sp.  or Pg. alcoba, from Ar.
   al-quobbah arch, vault, tent.]

   1.  (Arch.) A recessed portion of a room, or a small room opening into
   a  larger one; especially, a recess to contain a bed; a lateral recess
   in a library.

   2.  A  small  ornamental  building with seats, or an arched seat, in a
   pleasure ground; a garden bower. Cowper.

   3.  Any  natural  recess  analogous  to  an  alcove  or  recess  in an
   apartment.

     The youthful wanderers found a wild alcove. Falconer.

                                    Alcyon

   Al"cy*on (#), n. See Halcyon.

                                  Alcyonacea

   Al`cy*o*na"ce*a  (#),  n.  pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) A group of soft-bodied
   Alcyonaria,  of  which  Alcyonium  is  the  type.  See  Illust.  under
   Alcyonaria.

                                  Alcyonaria

   Al`cy*o*na"ri*a  (#),  n.  pl.  [NL.]  (Zo\'94l.) One of the orders of
   Anthozoa. It includes the Alcyonacea, Pennatulacea, and Gorgonacea.

                                   Alcyones

   Al*cy"o*nes   (#),   n.  pl.  [L.,  pl.  of  Alcyon.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The
   kingfishers.

                                   Alcyonic

   Al`cy*on"ic (#), a. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to the Alcyonaria.

                                   Alcyonium

   Al`cy*o"ni*um  (#),  n.  [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of fleshy Alcyonaria,
   its  polyps  somewhat  resembling flowers with eight fringed rays. The
   term was also formerly used for certain species of sponges.

                                   Alcyonoid

   Al"cy*o*noid  (#), a. [Gr. -oid.] (Zo\'94l.) Like or pertaining to the
   Alcyonaria. -- n. A zo\'94phyte of the order Alcyonaria.

                                     Alday

   Al"day (#), adv. Continually. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                   Aldebaran

   Al*deb"a*ran  (#),  n.  [Ar.  al-debar\'ben,  fr.  dabar to follow; so
   called  because  this star follows upon the Pleiades.] (Astron.) A red
   star of the first magnitude, situated in the eye of Taurus; the Bull's
   Eye. It is the bright star in the group called the Hyades.

     Now  when  Aldebaran  was mounted high Above the shiny Cassiopeia's
     chair. Spenser.

                                   Aldehyde

   Al"de*hyde  (#),  n.  [Abbrev.  fr.  alcohol  dehydrogenatum,  alcohol
   deprived  of  its  hydrogen.]  (Chem.)  A  colorless, mobile, and very
   volatile liquid obtained from alcohol by certain of oxidation.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e al dehydes ar e intermediate between the alcohols
     and acids, and differ from the alcohols in having two less hydrogen
     atoms  in  the  molecule,  as  common  aldehyde (called also acetic
     aldehyde or ethyl aldehyde), C2H4O; methyl aldehyde, CH2O.

   Aldehyde  ammonia  (Chem.), a compound formed by the union of aldehyde
   with ammonia.

                                   Aldehydic

   Al`de*hy"dic  (#),  a.  (Chem.)  Of  or  pertaining  to  aldehyde; as,
   aldehydic acid. Miller.

                                     Alder

   Al"der  (#), n. [OE. aldir, aller, fr. AS. alr, aler, alor, akin to D.
   els,  G.  erle,  Icel. erlir, erli, Swed. al, Dan. elle, el, L. alnus,
   and  E.  elm.]  (Bot.)  A  tree,  usually  growing  in moist land, and
   belonging  to  the genus Alnus. The wood is used by turners, etc.; the
   bark  by  dyers  and  tanners.  In  the U. S. the species of alder are
   usually  shrubs  or  small  trees.  Black  alder. (a) A European shrub
   (Rhamnus  frangula); Alder buckthorn. (b) An American species of holly
   (Ilex verticillata), bearing red berries.

                                 Alder, Aller

   Al"der (#), Al"ler (#), a. [From ealra, alra, gen. pl. of AS. eal. The
   d  is excrescent.] Of all; -- used in composition; as, alderbest, best
   of all, alderwisest, wisest of all. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                 Alder-liefest

   Al`der-lief"est  (#),  a. [For allerliefest dearest of all. See Lief.]
   Most beloved. [Obs.] Shak.

                                   Alderman

   Al"der*man  (#),  n.;  pl.  Aldplwmen  (#).  [AS. aldormon, ealdorman;
   ealdor an elder + man. See Elder, n.]

   1. A senior or superior; a person of rank or dignity. [Obs.]

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ti tle wa s ap plied, am ong the Anglo-Saxons, to
     princes, dukes, earls, senators, and presiding magistrates; also to
     archbishops  and  bishops,  implying  superior wisdom or authority.
     Thus  Ethelstan,  duke of the East-Anglians, was called Alderman of
     all  England;  and  there  were  aldermen  of cities, counties, and
     castles, who had jurisdiction within their respective districts.

   3.  One  of a board or body of municipal officers next in order to the
   mayor  and  having  a  legislative  function. They may, in some cases,
   individually exercise some magisterial and administrative functions.

                                  Aldermancy

   Al"der*man*cy (#), n. The office of an alderman.

                                  Aldermanic

   Al"der*man"ic  (#), a. Relating to, becoming to, or like, an alderman;
   characteristic of an alderman.

                                  Aldermanity

   Al`der*man"i*ty (#), n.

   1. Aldermen collectively; the body of aldermen.

   2. The state of being an alderman. [Jocular]

                                 Aldermanlike

   Al`der*man*like` (#), a. Like or suited to an alderman.

                                  Aldermanly

   Al"der*man*ly, a. Pertaining to, or like, an alderman.

                                  Aldermanly

   Al"der*man*ly,  a. Pertaining to, or like, an alderman. "An aldermanly
   discretion." Swift.

                                  Aldermanry

   Al"der*man*ry (#), n.

   1. The district or ward of an alderman.

   2. The office or rank of an alderman. [R.] B. Jonson.

                                 Aldermanship

   Al"der*man*ship, n. The condition, position, or office of an alderman.
   Fabyan.

                                    Aldern

   Al"dern (#), a. Made of alder.

                                   Alderney

   Al"der*ney (#), n. One of a breed of cattle raised in Alderney, one of
   the  Channel  Islands.  Alderneys  are of a dun or tawny color and are
   often called Jersey cattle. See Jersey, 3.

                                    Aldine

   Al"dine  (?;  277),  a.  (Bibliog.)  An  epithet  applied  to editions
   (chiefly  of  the  classics)  which  proceeded from the press of Aldus
   Manitius,  and  his  family,  of Venice, for the most part in the 16th
   century  and known by the sign of the anchor and the dolphin. The term
   has also been applied to certain elegant editions of English works.

                                      Ale

   Ale  (#), n. [AS. ealu, akin to Icel., Sw., and Dan. \'94l, Lith. alus
   a kind of beer, OSlav. ol beer. Cf. Ir. ol drink, drinking.]

   1.   An   intoxicating  liquor  made  from  an  infusion  of  malt  by
   fermentation and the addition of a bitter, usually hops.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e wo rd al e, in  En gland an d th e United States,
     usually designates a heavier kind of fermented liquor, and the word
     beer  a  lighter  kind.  The word beer is also in common use as the
     generic name for all malt liquors.

   2.  A  festival  in  English country places, so called from the liquor
   drunk.  "At  wakes and ales." B. Jonson."On ember eves and holy ales."
   Shak.

                                     Aleak

   A*leak" (#), adv. & a. [Pref. a- + leak.] In a leaking condition.

                                   Aleatory

   A"le*a*to*ry  (#),  a.  [L.  aleatorius,  fr. alea chance, die.] (Law)
   Depending  on  some  uncertain  contingency; as, an aleatory contract.
   Bouvier.

                                   Alebench

   Ale"bench` (#), n. A bench in or before an alehouse. Bunyan.

                                   Aleberry

   Ale"ber`ry  (#),  n.  [OE.  alebery, alebrey; ale + bre broth, fr. AS.
   br\'c6w pottage.] A beverage, formerly made by boiling ale with spice,
   sugar, and sops of bread.

     Their aleberries, caudles, possets. Beau. & Fl.

                                   Alecithal

   A*lec"i*thal  (#),  a. [Gr. (Biol.) Applied to those ova which segment
   uniformly,  and  which  have  little or no food yelk embedded in their
   protoplasm. Balfour.

                                   Aleconner

   Ale"con`ner  (#),  n.  [/Ale + con, OE. cunnen to test, AS. cunnian to
   test. See Con.] Orig., an officer appointed to look to the goodness of
   ale  and  beer;  also,  one of the officers chosen by the liverymen of
   London  to  inspect the measures used in public houses. But the office
   is a sinecure. [Also called aletaster.] [Eng.]

                                    Alecost

   Ale"cost`  (#),  n. [Ale + L. costus an aromatic plant: cf. Costmary.]
   (Bot.)  The plant costmary, which was formerly much used for flavoring
   ale.

                                  Alectorides

   Al`ec*tor"i*des  (#), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A group of birds
   including the common fowl and the pheasants.

                                 Alectoromachy

   A*lec`to*rom"a*chy (#), n. [Gr. Cockfighting.

                                 Alectoromancy

   A*lec"to*ro*man`cy (#), n. See Alectryomancy.

                                Alectryom'achy

   A*lec`try*om'a*chy (#), n. [Gr. Cockfighting.

                                 Alectryomancy

   A*lec"try*o*man`cy (#), n. [Gr. -mancy.] Divination by means of a cock
   and  grains of corn placed on the letters of the alphabet, the letters
   being  put together in the order in which the grains were eaten. Amer.
   Cyc.

                                     Alee

   A*lee"  (#),  adv.  [Pref. a- + lee.] (Naut.) On or toward the lee, or
   the  side  away from the wind; the opposite of aweather. The helm of a
   ship  is  alee  when pressed close to the lee side. Hard alee, or Luff
   alee, an order to put the helm to the lee side.

                                    Alegar

   Al"e*gar  (#), n. [Ale + eager sour, F. aigre. Cf. Vinegar.] Sour ale;
   vinegar made of ale. Cecil.

                                    Aleger

   Al"e*ger  (#),  a.  [F. all\'8agre, earlier al\'8agre, fr. L. alacer.]
   Gay; cheerful; sprightly. [Obs.] Bacon.

                                    Alegge

   A*legge"  (#), v. t. [OE. aleggen, alegen, OF. alegier, F. all\'82ger,
   fr.  LL.  alleviare, for L. allevare to lighten; ad + levis light. Cf.
   Alleviate, Allay, Allege.] To allay or alleviate; to lighten. [Obs.]

     That shall alegge this bitter blast. Spenser.

                                    Alehoof

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS. h ground ivy; the first part is
   perh. a corruption: cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove,
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 38

   ground ivy, "in old MSS. heyhowe, heyoue, haihoue, halehoue." [Prior].
   Ground ivy (Nepeta Glechoma).

                                   Alehouse

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Ale"house` (#), n. A house where ale is retailed; hence, a
   tippling house. Macaulay.

                                  Ale-knight

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Ale"-knight` (#), n. A pot companion. [Obs.]

                                   Alemannic

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>   Al`e*man"nic  (#),  a.  Belonging  to  the  Alemanni,  a
   confederacy of warlike German tribes.

                                   Alemannic

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al`e*man"nic, n. The language of the Alemanni.

     The Swabian dialect . . . is known as the Alemannic. Amer. Cyc.

                                    Alembic

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  A*lem"bic  (#),  n.  [F. alambic (cf. Sp. alambique), Ar.
   al-anb\'c6q,  fr.  Gr.  alembic  proper.  Cf.  Limbec.]  An  apparatus
   formerly  used in distillation, usually made of glass or metal. It has
   mostly given place to the retort and worm still.

     Used   also   metaphorically.   The   alembic  of  a  great  poet's
     imagination. Brimley.

                                   Alembroth

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> A*lem"broth (#), n. [Origin uncertain.] The salt of wisdom
   of the alchemists, a double salt composed of the chlorides of ammonium
   and mercury. It was formerly used as a stimulant. Brande & C.

                                 Alencon lace

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> A`len`con" lace" (#). See under Lace.

                                    Alength

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  A*length"  (#), adv. [Pref. a- + length.] At full length;
   lenghtwise. Chaucer.

                                   Alepidote

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  A*lep"i*dote, a. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Not having scales. -- n.
   A fish without scales.

                                    Alepole

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Ale"pole`  (#),  n.  A  pole  set  up  as  the sign of an
   alehouse. [Obs.]

                                     Alert

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  A*lert"  (#),  a.  [F. alerte, earlier \'85 l'erte on the
   watch,  fr.  It. all' erta on the watch, prop. (standing) on a height,
   where  one can look around; erta a declivity, steep, erto steep, p. p.
   of ergere, erigere, to erect, raise, L. erigere. See Erect.]

   1. Watchful; vigilant; active in vigilance.

   2. Brisk; nimble; moving with celerity.

     An alert young fellow. Addison.

   Syn. -- Active; agile; lively; quick; prompt.

                                     Alert

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  A*lert",  n.  (Mil.)  An  alarm from a real or threatened
   attack; a sudden attack; also, a bugle sound to give warning. "We have
   had  an  alert." Farrow. On the alert, on the lookout or watch against
   attack or danger; ready to act.

                                    Alertly

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> A*lert"ly, adv. In an alert manner; nimbly.

                                   Alertness

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  A*lert"ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being alert or on the
   alert; briskness; nimbleness; activity.

                                  Ale silver

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Ale"  sil`ver  (#).  A  duty payable to the lord mayor of
   London by the sellers of ale within the city.

                                   Alestake

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Ale"stake (#), n. A stake or pole projecting from, or set
   up before, an alehouse, as a sign; an alepole. At the end was commonly
   suspended a garland, a bunch of leaves, or a "bush." [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                   Aletaster

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Ale"tast`er (#), n. See Aleconner. [Eng.]

                                  Alethiology

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  A*le`thi*ol"o*gy  (#),  n. [Gr. -logy.] The science which
   treats of the nature of truth and evidence. Sir W. Hamilton.

                                  Alethoscope

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  A*leth"o*scope  (#),  n.  [Gr.  An instrument for viewing
   pictures  by  means  of a lens, so as to present them in their natural
   proportions and relations.

                                  Aleuromancy

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> A*leu"ro*man`cy (#), n. [Gr. -mancy: cf. F. aleuromancie.]
   Divination by means of flour. Encyc. Brit.

                                  Aleurometer

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al`eu*rom"e*ter  (#),  n. [Gr. -meter.] An instrument for
   determining  the expansive properties, or quality, of gluten in flour.
   Knight.

                                   Aleurone

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  A*leu"rone  (#),  n.  [Gr. (Bot.) An albuminoid substance
   which  occurs  in minute grains ("protein granules") in maturing seeds
   and tubers; -- supposed to be a modification of protoplasm.

                                   Aleuronic

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al`eu*ron"ic (#), a. (Bot.) Having the nature of aleurone.
   D. C. Eaton.

                               Aleutian, Aleutic

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  A*leu"tian  (#),  A*leu"tic  (#), a. [Said to be from the
   Russ.  aleut  a  bold  rock.]  Of  or pertaining to a chain of islands
   between Alaska and Kamtchatka; also, designating these islands.

                                    Alevin

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al"e*vin (#), n. [F. alevin, OF. alever to rear, fr. L. ad
   + levare to raise.] Young fish; fry.

                                     Alew

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> A*lew" (#), n. Halloo. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                    Alewife

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Ale"wife` (#), n.; pl. Alewives (#). A woman who keeps an
   alehouse. Gay.

                                    Alewife

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Ale"wife`, n.; pl. Alewives. [This word is properly aloof,
   the  Indian  name  of  a fish. See Winthrop on the culture of maize in
   America,  "Phil Trans." No. 142, p. 1065, and Baddam's "Memoirs," vol.
   ii. p. 131.] (Zo\'94l.) A North American fish (Clupea vernalis) of the
   Herring  family.  It  is called also ellwife, ellwhop, branch herring.
   The name is locally applied to other related species.

                            Alexanders, Alisanders

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al`ex*an"ders (#), Al`i*san"ders (#), n. [OE. alisaundre,
   OF.  alissandere,  fr. Alexander or Alexandria.] (Bot) A name given to
   two  species  of  the  genus Smyrnium, formerly cultivated and used as
   celery now is; -- called also horse parsely.

                                  Alexandrian

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al`ex*an"dri*an (#), a.

   1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  Alexandria  in  Egypt; as, the Alexandrian
   library.

   2. Applied to a kind of heroic verse. See Alexandrine, n.

                                  Alexandrine

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al`ex*an"drine  (?;  277),  a.  Belonging  to Alexandria;
   Alexandrian. Bancroft.

                                  Alexandrine

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al`ex*an"drine  (#),  n. [F. alexandrin.] A kind of verse
   consisting in English of twelve syllables.

     The needless Alexandrine ends the song, That, like a wounded snake,
     drags its slow length along. Pope.

                         Alexipharmac, Alexipharmacal

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  A*lex`i*phar"mac  (#),  A*lex`i*phar"ma*cal  (#), a. & n.
   [See Alexipharmic.] Alexipharmic. [Obs.]

                         Alexipharmic, Alexipharmical

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  A*lex`i*phar"mic  (#),  A*lex`i*phar"mic*al  (#), a. [Gr.
   alexipharmaque.] (Med.) Expelling or counteracting poison; antidotal.

                                 Alexipharmic

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> A*lex`i*phar"mic (#), n. (Med.) An antidote against poison
   or infection; a counterpoison.

                                 Alexipyretic

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> A*lex`i*py*ret"ic (#), a. [Gr. (Med.) Serving to drive off
   fever; antifebrile. -- n. A febrifuge.

                           Alexiteric, Alexiterical

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>   A*lex`i*ter"ic   (#),  A*lex`i*ter"ic*al  (#),  a.  [Gr.
   alexit\'8are.]  (med.)  Resisting  poison;  obviating  the  effects of
   venom; alexipharmic.

                                  Alexiteric

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  A*lex`i*ter"ic,  n.  [Gr. alexit\'8are, LL. alexiterium.]
   (Med.)  A preservative against contagious and infectious diseases, and
   the effects of poison in general. Brande & C.

                              Alfa or Alfa grass

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"fa  (#)  or  Al"fa  grass" (#), n. A plant (Macrochloa
   tenacissima) of North Africa; also, its fiber, used in paper making.

                                    Alfalfa

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al*fal"fa  (#),  n.  [Sp.]  (Bot.)  The  lucern (Medicago
   sativa); -- so called in California, Texas, etc.

                                   Alfenide

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"fe*nide (#), n. (Metal.) An alloy of nickel and silver
   electroplated with silver.

                                    Alferes

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al*fe"res  (#),  n.  [Sp., fr. Ar. al-f\'bers knight.] An
   ensign; a standard bearer. [Obs.] J. Fletcher.

                                     Alfet

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al"fet, n. [LL. alfetum, fr. AS. \'belf\'91t a pot to boil
   in; \'bel burning + f\'91t vat.] A caldron of boiling water into which
   an accused person plunged his forearm as a test of innocence or guilt.

                                   Alfilaria

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al*fil`a*ri"a  (#),  n.  (Bot.)  The  pin  grass (Erodium
   cicutarium), a weed in California.

                                    Alfione

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al`fi*o"ne  (#),  n.  (Zo\'94l.) An edible marine fish of
   California (Rhacochilus toxotes).

                                   Alfresco

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al*fres"co  (#),  adv.  &  a. [It. al fresco in or on the
   fresh.] In the open-air. Smollett.

                                     Alga

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"ga  (#),  n.; pl. Alg\'91 (#). [L., seaweed.] (Bot.) A
   kind  of  seaweed;  pl. the class of cellular cryptogamic plants which
   includes  the  black,  red,  and  green  seaweeds, as kelp, dulse, sea
   lettuce, also marine and fresh water conferv\'91, etc.

                                     Algal

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al"gal (#), a., (Bot.) Pertaining to, or like, alg\'91.

                                   Algaroba

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al`ga*ro"ba (#), n. [Sp. algarroba, fr. Ar. al-kharr. Cf.
   Carob.]  (Bot.)  (a) The Carob, a leguminous tree of the Mediterranean
   region;  also,  its edible beans or pods, called St. John's bread. (b)
   The  Honey  mesquite  (Prosopis  juliflora),  a  small tree found from
   California  to  Buenos  Ayres; also, its sweet, pulpy pods. A valuable
   gum,  resembling  gum  arabic, is collected from the tree in Texas and
   Mexico.

                               Algarot, Algaroth

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"ga*rot  (#),  Al"ga*roth (#), n. [F. algaroth, fr. the
   name of the inventor, Algarotti.] (Med.) A term used for the Powder of
   Algaroth,  a  white  powder  which  is  a  compound of trichloride and
   trioxide  of  antimony. It was formerly used in medicine as an emetic,
   purgative, and diaphoretic.

                                  Algarovilla

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al`ga*ro*vil"la  (#), n. The agglutinated seeds and husks
   of  the  legumes  of  a  South  American  tree (Inga Marth\'91). It is
   valuable for tanning leather, and as a dye.

                                Algate, Algates

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"gate (#), Al"gates (#), adv. [All + gate way. The s is
   an adverbial ending. See Gate.]

   1. Always; wholly; everywhere. [Obs.]

     Ulna now he algates must forego. Spenser.

     NOTE: &hand; St ill us ed in  th e north of England in the sense of
     "everywhere."

   2. By any or means; at all events. [Obs.] Fairfax.

   3. Notwithstanding; yet. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                    Algazel

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"ga*zel`  (#),  n. [Ar. al the + ghaz\'bel.] (Zo\'94l.)
   The true gazelle.

                                    Algebra

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"ge*bra (#), n. [LL. algebra, fr. Ar. al-jebr reduction
   of parts to a whole, or fractions to whole numbers, fr. jabara to bind
   together,   consolidate;   al-jebr   w'almuq\'bebalah   reduction  and
   comparison (by equations): cf. F. alg\'8abre, It. & Sp. algebra.]

   1.  (Math.)  That  branch of mathematics which treats of the relations
   and  properties  of quantity by means of letters and other symbols. It
   is  applicable  to  those  relations  that  are  true of every kind of
   magnitude.

   2. A treatise on this science.

                            Algebraic, Algebraical

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al`ge*bra"ic (#), Al`ge*bra"ic*al (#), a. Of or pertaining
   to  algebra;  containing an operation of algebra, or deduced from such
   operation;  as,  algebraic characters; algebraical writings. Algebraic
   curve,  a  curve  such  that the equation which expresses the relation
   between  the  co\'94rdinates  of its points involves only the ordinary
   operations of algebra; -- opposed to a transcendental curve.
   
                                 Algebraically
                                       
   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al`ge*bra"ic*al*ly, adv. By algebraic process. 

                                  Algebraist

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al"ge*bra`ist (#), n. One versed in algebra.

                                  Algebraize

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"ge*bra*ize (#), v. t. To perform by algebra; to reduce
   to algebraic form.

                                   Algerian

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al*ge"ri*an  (#), a. Of or pertaining to Algeria. -- n. A
   native of Algeria.

                                   Algerine

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al`ge*rine"  (#),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to  Algiers or
   Algeria.

                                   Algerine

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al`ge*rine",  n. A native or one of the people of Algiers
   or Algeria. Also, a pirate.

                                     Algid

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"gid  (#),  a. [L. algidus cold, fr. algere to be cold:
   cf.  F.  algide.]  Cold; chilly. Bailey. Algid cholera (Med.), Asiatic
   cholera.

                                   Algidity

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al*gid"i*ty  (#),  n.  Chilliness;  coldness;  especially
   (Med.), coldness and collapse.

                                   Algidness

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al"gid*ness (#), n. Algidity. [Obs.]

                                    Algific

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al*gif"ic  (#), a. [L. algificus, fr. algus cold + facere
   to make.] Producing cold.

                                    Algoid

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"goid  (#),  a.  [L. alga + -oid.] Of the nature of, or
   resembling, an alga.

                                     Algol

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"gol  (#),  n.  [Ar.  al-gh  destruction, calamity, fr.
   gh\'bela  to  take  suddenly,  destroy.]  (Astron.)  A  fixed star, in
   Medusa's  head,  in  the  constellation  Perseus,  remarkable  for its
   periodic variation in brightness.

                                  Algological

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al`go*log"ic*al (#), a. Of or pertaining to algology; as,
   algological specimens.

                                  Algologist

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al*gol"o*gist (#), n. One learned about alg\'91; a student
   of algology.

                                   Algology

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al*gol"o*gy (#), n. [L. alga seaweed + -logy.] (Bot.) The
   study or science of alg\'91 or seaweeds.

                              Algonquin, Algonkin

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al*gon"quin (#), Al*gon"kin (#), n. One of a widely spread
   family  of  Indians,  including  many  distinct tribes, which formerly
   occupied  most  of the northern and eastern part of North America. The
   name  was  originally applied to a group of Indian tribes north of the
   River St. Lawrence.

                                     Algor

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al"gor (#), n. [L.] (Med.) Cold; chilliness.

                              Algorism, Algorithm

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al"go*rism (#), Al"go*rithm (#), n. [OE. algorism, algrim,
   augrim,   OF.  algorisme,  F.  algorithme  (cf.  Sp.  algoritmo,  OSp.
   alguarismo,  LL.  algorismus),  fr.  the  Ar.  al-Khow\'berezm\'c6  of
   Khow\'berezm,  the  modern  Khiwa,  surname of Abu Ja'far Mohammed ben
   Mus\'be,  author  of  a  work  on arithmetic early in the 9th century,
   which   was  translated  into  Latin,  such  books  bearing  the  name
   algorismus.  The spelling with th is due to a supposed connection with
   Gr.

   1. The art of calculating by nine figures and zero.

   2.  The  art  of  calculating  with  any  species of notation; as, the
   algorithms of fractions, proportions, surds, etc.

                                    Algous

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"gous  (#),  a.  [L.  algosus, fr. alga seaweed.] Of or
   pertaining  to  the  alg\'91,  or  seaweeds;  abounding with, or like,
   seaweed.

                                   Alguazil

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al`gua*zil" (#) (#), n. [Sp. alguacil, fr. Ar. alwaz\'c6r
   the  vizier.  Cf.  Vizier.] An inferior officer of justice in Spain; a
   warrant officer; a constable. Prescott.

                                     Algum

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>   Al"gum   (#),  n.  Same  as  Almug  (and  etymologically
   preferable). 2 Chron. ii. 8.

                                   Alhambra

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al*ham"bra  (#), n. [Ultimately fr. Ar. al the + hamr\'be
   red;  i.  e., the red (sc. house).] The palace of the Moorish kings at
   Granada.

                           Alhambraic, Alhambresque

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al`ham*bra"ic  (#),  Al`ham*bresque" (?; 277), a. Made or
   decorated  after  the  fanciful  style  of  the  ornamentation  in the
   Alhambra,  which  affords an unusually fine exhibition of Saracenic or
   Arabesque architecture.

                                    Alhenna

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al*hen"na (#), n. See Henna.

                                     Alias

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  A"li*as  (#),  adv.  [L., fr. alius. See Else.] (Law) (a)
   Otherwise;  otherwise  called;  -- a term used in legal proceedings to
   connect  the  different  names of any one who has gone by two or more,
   and  whose  true  name  is  for  any  cause doubtful; as, Smith, alias
   Simpson. (b) At another time.

                                     Alias

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  A"li*as,  n.; pl. Aliases (#). [L., otherwise, at another
   time.]  (Law)  (a)  A  second  or further writ which is issued after a
   first  writ  has  expired without effect. (b) Another name; an assumed
   name.

                                     Alibi

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"i*bi  (#),  n.  [L.,  elsewhere, at another place. See
   Alias.]  (Law)  The  plea  or  mode of defense under which a person on
   trial  for  a crime proves or attempts to prove that he was in another
   place  when  the alleged act was committed; as, to set up an alibi; to
   prove an alibi.

                                   Alibility

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al`i*bil"i*ty (#), n. Quality of being alible.

                                    Alible

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"i*ble  (#),  a.  [L.  alibilis, fr. alere to nourish.]
   Nutritive; nourishing.

                                    Alicant

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"i*cant (#), n. A kind of wine, formerly much esteemed;
   -- said to have been made near Alicant, in Spain. J. Fletcher.

                                    Alidade

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>   Al"i*dade  (#),  n.  [LL.  alidada,  alhidada,  fr.  Ar.
   al-'id\'beda  a  sort  of  rule:  cf.  F.  alidade.]  The portion of a
   graduated  instrument, as a quadrant or astrolabe, carrying the sights
   or  telescope,  and  showing  the  degrees  cut  off on the arc of the
   instrument Whewell.

                                     Alien

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"ien (#), a. [OF. alien, L. alienus, fr. alius another;
   properly, therefore, belonging to another. See Else.]

   1.  Not  belonging to the same country, land, or government, or to the
   citizens  or  subjects  thereof; foreign; as, alien subjects, enemies,
   property, shores.

   2.  Wholly different in nature; foreign; adverse; inconsistent (with);
   incongruous;  --  followed  by from or sometimes by to; as, principles
   alien from our religion.

     An alien sound of melancholy. Wordsworth.

   Alien enemy (Law), one who owes allegiance to a government at war with
   ours. Abbott.

                                     Alien

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al"ien, n.

   1.  A  foreigner;  one  owing  allegiance,  or  belonging,  to another
   country;  a  foreign-born  resident  of a country in which he does not
   posses the privileges of a citizen. Hence, a stranger. See Alienage.

   2.  One  excluded from certain privileges; one alienated or estranged;
   as, aliens from God's mercies.

     Aliens from the common wealth of Israel. Ephes. ii. 12.

                                     Alien

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"ien,  v. t. [F. ali\'82ner, L. alienare.] To alienate;
   to  estrange;  to transfer, as property or ownership. [R.] "It the son
   alien lands." Sir M. Hale.

     The  prince  was  totally  aliened  from  all thoughts of . . . the
     marriage. Clarendon.

                                 Alienability

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al`ien*a*bil"i*ty  (#), n. Capability of being alienated.
   "The alienability of the domain." Burke.

                                   Alienable

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).>  Al"ien*a*ble  (#),  a.  [Cf. F. ali\'82nable.] Capable of
   being  alienated,  sold,  or  transferred  to  another;  as,  land  is
   alienable according to the laws of the state.

                                   Alienage

   Ale"hoof`  (#),  n.  [AS.  h  ground  ivy;  the  first part is perh. a
   corruption:  cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, 38 ground ivy, \'bdin old MSS.
   heyhowe,  heyoue,  haihoue,  halehoue.\'b8 [Prior]. Ground ivy (Nepeta
   Glechoma).> Al"ien*age (#), n. [Cf. OF. ali\'82nage.]

   1. The state or legal condition of being an alien.

     NOTE: &hand; Th  e di  sabilities of  al ienage ar e re movable by 
     naturalization  or  by special license from the State of residence,
     and  in  some  of  the United States by declaration of intention of
     naturalization.

   Kent. Wharton.

     Estates forfeitable on account of alienage. Story.

   2. The state of being alienated or transferred to another. Brougham.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 39

                                   Alienate

   Al"ien*ate  (#), a. [L. alienatus, p. p. of alienare, fr. alienus. See
   Alien, and cf. Aliene.] Estranged; withdrawn in affection; foreign; --
   with from.

     O alienate from God. Milton.

                                   Alienate

   Al"ien*ate  (#),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Alienated (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Alienating.]

   1.  To convey or transfer to another, as title, property, or right; to
   part voluntarily with ownership of.

   2.  To  withdraw,  as  the  affections; to make indifferent of averse,
   where  love  or  friendship before subsisted; to estrange; to wean; --
   with from.

     The errors which . . . alienated a loyal gentry and priesthood from
     the House of Stuart. Macaulay.

     The  recollection  of his former life is a dream that only the more
     alienates him from the realities of the present. I. Taylor.

                                   Alienate

   Al"ien*ate (#), n. A stranger; an alien. [Obs.]

                                  Alienation

   Al`ien*a"tion  (#),  n. [F. ali\'82nation, L. alienatio, fr. alienare,
   fr. alienare. See Alienate.]

   1. The act of alienating, or the state of being alienated.

   2.  (Law)  A  transfer  of title, or a legal conveyance of property to
   another.

   3. A withdrawing or estrangement, as of the affections.

     The alienation of his heart from the king. Bacon.

   4.  Mental  alienation; derangement of the mental faculties; insanity;
   as,   alienation   of   mind.   Syn.  --  Insanity;  lunacy;  madness;
   derangement; aberration; mania; delirium; frenzy; dementia; monomania.
   See Insanity.

                                   Alienator

   Al"ien*a"tor (#), n. One who alienates.

                                    Aliene

   Al*iene  (#),  v.  t.  To  alien or alienate; to transfer, as title or
   property; as, to aliene an estate.

                                    Alienee

   Al"ien*ee"  (#),  n.  (Law)  One  to  whom  the  title  of property is
   transferred; -- opposed to alienor.

     It the alienee enters and keeps possession. Blackstone.

                                   Alienism

   Al"ien*ism (#), n.

   1. The status or legal condition of an alien; alienage.

     The  law  was  very gentle in the construction of the disability of
     alienism. Kent.

   2. The study or treatment of diseases of the mind.

                                   Alienist

   Al"ien*ist  (#),  n. [F. ali\'82niste.] One who treats diseases of the
   mind. Ed. Rev.

                                    Alienor

   Al`ien*or"  (#),  n. [OF. ali\'82neur.] One who alienates or transfers
   property to another. Blackstone.

                           Aliethmoid, Aliethmoidal

   Al`i*eth"moid  (#),  Al`i*eth*moid"al  (#),  a.  [L.  ala  wing  +  E.
   ethomoid.] (Anat.) Pertaining to expansions of the ethmoid bone or

                                     Alife

   A*life"  (#), adv. [Cf. lief dear.] On my life; dearly. [Obs.] "I love
   that sport alife." Beau. & Fl.

                                   Aliferous

   A*lif"er*ous  (#),  a.  [L. ala wing + -ferous.] Having wings, winged;
   aligerous. [R.]

                                    Aliform

   Al"i*form (#), a. [L. ala wing + -form.] Wing-shaped; winglike.

                                   Aligerous

   A*lig"er*ous  (#),  a. [L. aliger; ala wing + gerere to carry.] Having
   wings; winged. [R.]

                                    Alight

   A*light"  (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Alighted (#) sometimes Alit (#); p.
   pr.  &  vb.  n. Alighting.] [OE. alihten, fr. AS. \'bel\'c6htan; pref.
   \'be-  (cf.  Goth.  us-,  G.  er-,  orig. meaning out) + l\'c6htan, to
   alight,  orig.  to render light, to remove a burden from, fr. l\'c6ht,
   leoht, light. See Light, v. i.]

   1.  To spring down, get down, or descend, as from on horseback or from
   a carriage; to dismount.

   2.  To  descend  and  settle,  lodge, rest, or stop; as, a flying bird
   alights on a tree; snow alights on a roof.

   3. To come or chance (upon). [R.]

                                    Alight

   A*light", a. [Pref. a- + light.] Lighted; lighted up; in a flame. "The
   lamps were alight." Dickens.

                                     Align

   A*lign"  (#), v. t. [F. aligner; \'85 (L. ad) + ligne (L. linea) line.
   See Line, and cf. Allineate.] To adjust or form to a line; to range or
   form in line; to bring into line; to aline.

                                     Align

   A*lign", v. t. To form in line; to fall into line.

                                   Alignment

   A*lign"ment (#), n. [F. alignement.]

   1. The act of adjusting to a line; arrangement in a line or lines; the
   state  of being so adjusted; a formation in a straight line; also, the
   line  of adjustment; esp., an imaginary line to regulate the formation
   of troops or of a squadron.

   2. (Engin.) The ground-plan of a railway or other road, in distinction
   from the grades or profile.

                                     Alike

   A*like"  (#),  a.  [AS. onl\'c6c, gel\'c6c; pref. \'be + like.] Having
   resemblance or similitude; similar; without difference. [Now used only
   predicatively.]

     The darkness and the light are both alike to thee. Ps. cxxxix. 12.

                                     Alike

   A*like", adv. [AS. gel\'c6ce, onl\'c6ce.] In the same manner, form, or
   degree; in common; equally; as, we are all alike concerne.

                                 Alike-minded

   A*like"-mind`ed (#), a. Like-minded. [Obs.]

                                    Aliment

   Al"i*ment  (#),  n. [L. alimentum, fr. alere to nourish; akin to Goth.
   alan to grow, Icel. ala to nourish: cf. F. aliment. See Old.]

   1. That which nourishes; food; nutriment; anything which feeds or adds
   to  a  substance  in  natural  growth.  Hence: The necessaries of life
   generally: sustenance; means of support.

     Aliments of theiBacon.

   2. An allowance for maintenance. [Scot.]

                                    Aliment

   Al"i*ment, v. t.

   1. To nourish; to support.

   2. To provide for the maintenance of. [Scot.]

                                   Alimental

   Al`i*men"tal (#), a. Supplying food; having the quality of nourishing;
   furnishing the materials for natural growth; as, alimental sap.

                                  Alimentally

   A`li*men"tal*ly,  adv.  So  as  to  serve  for  nourishment  or  food;
   nourishing quality. Sir T. Browne.

                                Alimentariness

   Al`i*men"ta*ri*ness   (#),   n.   The  quality  of  being  alimentary;
   nourishing quality. [R.]

                                  Alimentary

   Al`i*men"ta*ry  (#),  a.  [L.  alimentarius,  fr.  alimentum:  cf.  F.
   alimentaire.]  Pertaining  to  aliment  or food, or to the function of
   nutrition;   nutritious;   alimental;   as,   alimentary   substances.
   Alimentary  canal, the entire channel, extending from the mouth to the
   anus, by which aliments are conveyed through the body, and the useless
   parts ejected.

                                 Alimentation

   Al`i*men*ta"tion (#), n. [Cf. F. alimentation, LL. alimentatio.]

   1.  The  act  or  process  of affording nutriment; the function of the
   alimentary canal.

   2. State or mode of being nourished. Bacon.

                                Alimentiveness

   Al`i*men"tive*ness  (#),  n.  The  instinct or faculty of appetite for
   food. [Chiefly in Phrenol.]

                                  Alimonious

   Al`i*mo"ni*ous  (#),  a.  Affording food; nourishing. [R.] "Alimonious
   humors." Harvey.

                                    Alimony

   Al"i*mo*ny  (#),  n. [L. alimonia, alimonium, nourishment, sustenance,
   fr. alere to nourish.]

   1. Maintenance; means of living.

   2.  (Law)  An  allowance made to a wife out of her husband's estate or
   income for her support, upon her divorce or legal separation from him,
   or during a suit for the same. Wharton. Burrill.

                                   Alinasal

   Al`i*na"sal  (#),  a.  [L. ala wing + E. nasal.] (Anat.) Pertaining to
   expansions of the nasal bone or cartilage.

                                     Aline

   A*line" (#), v. t. To range or place in a line; to bring into line; to
   align. Evelyn.

                                  Alineation

   A*lin`e*a"tion (#), n. See Allineation.

                                   Alinement

   A*line"ment (#), n. Same as Alignment.

     NOTE: [The En g. fo rm al inement is preferable to alignment, a bad
     spelling of the French].

   New Eng. Dict. (Murray).

                                    Aliner

   A*lin"er  (#),  n. One who adjusts things to a line or lines or brings
   them into line. Evelyn.

                                    Alioth

   Al"i*oth  (#),  n. [Ar. aly\'bet the tail of a fat sheep.] (Astron.) A
   star  in  the  tail  of  the  Great Bear, the one next the bowl in the
   Dipper.

                                    Aliped

   Al"i*ped  (#),  a.  [L.  alipes;  ala  wing + pes, pedis, foot: cf. F.
   alip\'8ade.] (Zo\'94l.) Wing-footed, as the bat. -- n. An animal whose
   toes are connected by a membrane, serving for a wing, as the bat.

                                   Aliquant

   Al"i*quant  (#),  a.  [L.  aliquantus  some,  moderate;  alius other +
   quantus  how  great:  cf. F. aliquante.] (Math.) An aliquant part of a
   number  or  quantity is one which does not divide it without leaving a
   remainder; thus, 5 is an aliquant part of 16. Opposed to aliquot.

                                    Aliquot

   Al"i*quot  (#),  a.  [L. aliquot some, several; alius other + quot how
   many:  cf.  F.  aliquote.]  (Math.)  An  aliquot  part  of a number or
   quantity  is  one which will divide it without a remainder; thus, 5 is
   an aliquot part of 15. Opposed to aliquant.

                                   Aliseptal

   Al`i*sep"tal  (#),  a.  [L. ala wing + E. septal.] (Anat.) Relating to
   expansions of the nasal septum.

                                     Alish

   Al"ish (#), a. Like ale; as, an alish taste.

                          Alisphenoid, Alisphenoidal

   Al`i*sphe"noid  (#),  Al`i*sphe*noid"al  (#),  a.  [L.  ala  wing + E.
   sphenoid.]  (Anat.) Pertaining to or forming the wing of the sphenoid;
   relating  to  a  bone  in the base of the skull, which in the adult is
   often   consolidated   with   the   sphenoid;  as,  alisphenoid  bone;
   alisphenoid canal.

                                  Alisphenoid

   Al`i*sphe"noid, n. (Anat.) The alisphenoid bone.

                                   Alitrunk

   Al"i*trunk  (#),  n.  [L.  ala  wing  + truncus trunk.] (Zo\'94l.) The
   segment  of the body of an insect to which the wings are attached; the
   thorax. Kirby.

                                  Aliturgical

   Al`i*tur"gic*al  (#),  a.  [Pref. a- + liturgical.] (Eccl.) Applied to
   those days when the holy sacrifice is not offered. Shipley.

                                    Aliunde

   A`li*un"de  (#),  adv.  &  a.  [L.]  (Law)  From  another source; from
   elsewhere; as, a case proved aliunde; evidence aliunde.

                                     Alive

   A*live"  (#),  a.  [OE. on live, AS. on l\'c6fe in life; l\'c6fe being
   dat. of l\'c6f life. See Life, and cf. Live, a.]

   1.  Having  life,  in  opposition to dead; living; being in a state in
   which  the  organs  perform  their functions; as, an animal or a plant
   which is alive.

   2.  In  a  state  of  action;  in  force or operation; unextinguished;
   unexpired;  existent;  as,  to  keep  the  fire  alive;  to  keep  the
   affections alive.

   3. Exhibiting the activity and motion of many living beings; swarming;
   thronged.

     The  Boyne,  for  a  quarter  of a mile, was alive with muskets and
     green boughs. Macaulay.

   4. Sprightly; lively; brisk. Richardson.

   5. Having susceptibility; easily impressed; having lively feelings, as
   opposed to apathy; sensitive.

     Tremblingly alive to nature's laws. Falconer.

   6. Of all living (by way of emphasis).

     Northumberland was the proudest man alive. Clarendon.

     NOTE: Used colloquially as an intensive; as, man alive!

     NOTE: &hand; Alive always follows the noun which it qualifies.

                                    Alizari

   A`li*za"ri (#), n. [Perh. fr. Ar. 'a juice extracted from a plant, fr.
   'a to press.] (Com.) The madder of the Levant. Brande & C.

                                   Alizarin

   A*liz"a*rin  (#),  n.  [F. alizarine, fr. alizari.] (Chem.) A coloring
   principle,   C14H6O2(OH)2,   found   in   madder,   and  now  produced
   artificially from anthracene. It produces the Turkish reds.

                                   Alkahest

   Al"ka*hest  (#),  n.  [LL.  alchahest, F. alcahest, a word that has an
   Arabic appearance, but was probably arbitrarily formed by Paracelsus.]
   The  fabled "universal solvent" of the alchemists; a menstruum capable
   of dissolving all bodies. -- Al`ka*hes"tic (#), a.

                                  Alkalamide

   Al`kal*am"ide  (#),  n.  [Alkali  + amide.] (Chem.) One of a series of
   compounds  that  may  be  regarded  as  ammonia in which a part of the
   hydrogen  has  been replaced by basic, and another part by acid, atoms
   or radicals.

                          Alkalescence, Alkalescency

   Al`ka*les`cence  (#),  Al`ka*les"cen*cy  (#),  n. A tendency to become
   alkaline;  or  the  state  of a substance in which alkaline properties
   begin to be developed, or to predominant. Ure.

                                  Alkalescent

   Al`ka*les"cent (#), a. [Cf. F. alcalescent.] Tending to the properties
   of an alkali; slightly alkaline.

                                    Alkali

   Al"ka*li  (?;  277),  n.;  pl.  Alkalis  or  Alkalies (#). [F. alcali,
   ultimately fr. Ar. alqal\'c6 ashes of the plant saltwort, fr. qalay to
   roast in a pan, fry.]

   1. Soda ash; caustic soda, caustic potash, etc.

   2.  (Chem.)  One  of  a  class of caustic bases, such as soda, potash,
   ammoma,  and lithia, whose distinguishing peculiarities are solubility
   in  alcohol  and  water,  uniting  with  oils  and  fats to form soap,
   neutralizing  and  forming  salts with acids, turning to brown several
   vegetable yellows, and changing reddened litmus to blue.
   Fixed  alkalies,  potash  and  soda.  --  Vegetable  alkalies. Same as
   Alkaloids.  -- Volatile alkali, ammonia, so called in distinction from
   the fixed alkalies.

                                 Alkalifiable

   Al"ka*li*fi`a*ble  (#),  a.  [Cf.  F.  alcalifiable.] Capable of being
   alkalified, or converted into an alkali.

                                   Alkalify

   Al"ka*li*fy (?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alkalified (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n.  Alkalifying.]  [Alkali + -fly: cf. F. alcalifier.] To convert into
   an alkali; to give alkaline properties to.

                                   Alkalify

   Al"ka*li*fy, v. i. To become changed into an alkali.

                                  Alkalimeter

   Al`ka*lim"e*ter  (#),  n. [Alkali + -meter. cf. F. alcalim\'8atre.] An
   instrument  to  ascertain the strength of alkalies, or the quantity of
   alkali in a mixture.

                         Alkalimetric, Alkalimetrical

   Al`ka*li*met"ric  (#), Al`ka*li*met"ric*al (#), a. Of or pertaining to
   alkalimetry.

                                  Alkalimetry

   Al`ka*lim"e*try  (#),  n. [Cf. F. alcalim\'8atrie.] (Chem.) The art or
   process  of  ascertaining  the  strength  of alkalies, or the quantity
   present in alkaline mixtures.

                                   Alkaline

   Al"ka*line  (?;  277),  a.  [Cf.  F.  alcalin.] Of or pertaining to an
   alkali  or  to  alkalies; having the properties of an alkali. Alkaline
   earths,  certain  substances, as lime, baryta, strontia, and magnesia,
   possessing  some  of  the  qualities  of alkalies. -- Alkaline metals,
   potassium, sodium, c\'91sium, lithium, rubidium. -- Alkaline reaction,
   a  reaction  indicating  alkalinity,  as  by  the  action  on  limits,
   turmeric, etc.

                                  Alkalinity

   Al`ka*lin"i*ty  (#),  n.  The  quality  which  constitutes  an alkali;
   alkaline property. Thomson.

                                   Alkalious

   Al*ka"li*ous (#), a. Alkaline. [Obs.]

                                  Alkalizate

   Al"ka*li*zate (#), a. Alkaline. [Obs.] Boyle.

                                  Alkalizate

   Al"ka*li**zate (#), v. t. To alkalizate. [R.] Johnson.

                                 Alkalization

   Al`ka*li*za"tion  (#),  n.  [Cf.  F.  alcalisation.] The act rendering
   alkaline  by  impregnating  with  an  alkali; a conferring of alkaline
   qualities.

                                   Alkalize

   Al"ka*lize  (#),  v.  t.  [imp. & p. p. Alkalized (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Alkalizing   (#).]   [Cf.   F.  alcaliser.]  To  render  alkaline;  to
   communicate the properties of an alkali to.

                             Alkaloid, Alkaloidal

   Al"ka*loid   (#),  Al`ka*loid"al  (#),  a.  [Alkali  +  -oid:  cf.  F.
   alcalo\'8bde.] Pertaining to, resembling, or containing, alkali.

                                   Alkaloid

   Al"ka*loid  (#), n. (Chem.) An organic base, especially one of a class
   of  substances occurring ready formed in the tissues of plants and the
   bodies of animals.

     NOTE: &hand; Al caloids all contain nitrogen, carbon, and hydrogen,
     and  many  of  them  also  contain oxygen. They include many of the
     active  principles  in  plants;  thus,  morphine  and narcotine are
     alkaloids found in opium.

                                    Alkanet

   Al"ka*net  (#),  n.  [Dim. of Sp. alcana, alhe, in which al is the Ar.
   article. See Henna, and cf. Orchanet.]

   1.  (Chem.)  A  dyeing  matter  extracted  from  the  roots of Alkanna
   tinctoria, which gives a fine deep red color.

   2.  (Bot.)  (a)  A boraginaceous herb (Alkanna tinctoria) yielding the
   dye;  orchanet.  (b)  The  similar plant Anchusa officinalis; bugloss;
   also, the American puccoon.

                                   Alkargen

   Al*kar"gen  (#),  n.  [Alkarsin  +  oxygen.] (Chem.) Same as Cacodylic
   acid.

                                   Alkarsin

   Al*kar"sin  (#),  n. [Alkali + arsenic + -in.] (Chem.) A spontaneously
   inflammable liquid, having a repulsive odor, and consisting of cacodyl
   and its oxidation products; -- called also Cadel's fuming liquid.

                                    Alkazar

   Al*ka"zar (#). See Alcazar.

                                   Alkekengi

   Al`ke*ken"gi (#), n. [Cf. F. alk\'82kenge, Sp. alquequenje, ultimately
   fr. Ar. al-k\'bekanj a kind of resin from Herat.] (Bot.) An herbaceous
   plant  of  the  nightshade  family (Physalis alkekengi) and its fruit,
   which is a well flavored berry, the size of a cherry, loosely inclosed
   in  a  enlarged  leafy  calyx;  --  also  called winter cherry, ground
   cherry, and strawberry tomato. D. C. Eaton.

                                   Alkermes

   Al*ker"mes  (#), n. [Ar. al-qirmiz kermes. See Kermes.] (Old Pharmacy)
   A  compound  cordial,  in  the form of a confection, deriving its name
   from the kermes insect, its principal ingredient.

                                    Alkoran

   Al"ko*ran  (?; 277), n. The Mohammedan Scriptures. Same as Alcoran and
   Koran.

                                   Alkoranic

   Al`ko*ran"ic (#), a. Same as Alcoranic.

                                  Alkoranist

   Al`ko*ran"ist, n. Same as Alcoranist.

                                      All

   All  (#), a. [OE. al, pl. alle, AS. eal, pl. ealle, Northumbrian alle,
   akin  to  D.  & OHG. al, Ger. all, Icel. allr. Dan. al, Sw. all, Goth.
   alls; and perh. to Ir. and Gael. uile, W. oll.]

   1.  The  whole  quantity, extent, duration, amount, quality, or degree
   of;  the  whole; the whole number of; any whatever; every; as, all the
   wheat;  all  the  land; all the year; all the strength; all happiness;
   all  abundance;  loss  of all power; beyond all doubt; you will see us
   all (or all of us).

     Prove all things: hold fast that which is good. 1 Thess. v. 21.

   2. Any. [Obs.] "Without all remedy." Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh en the definite article "the," or a possessive or a
     demonstrative  pronoun,  is  joined to the noun that all qualifies,
     all precedes the article or the pronoun; as, all the cattle; all my
     labor;  all  his  wealth;  all our families; all your citizens; all
     their property; all other joys.

     NOTE: This wo  rd, no t on ly in  po pular la nguage, bu t in  th e
     Scriptures,  often  signifies,  indefinitely,  a  large  portion or
     number,  or  a  great part. Thus, all the cattle in Egypt died, all
     Judea and all the region round about Jordan, all men held John as a
     prophet,  are  not  to  be  understood  in  a literal sense, but as
     including a large part, or very great numbers.

   3. Only; alone; nothing but.

     I was born to speak all mirth and no matter. Shak.

   All  the whole, the whole (emphatically). [Obs.] "All the whole army."
   Shak.
   
                                      All
                                       
   All, adv. 

   1.  Wholly;  completely;  altogether;  entirely;  quite; very; as, all
   bedewed; my friend is all for amusement. "And cheeks all pale." Byron.
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   Page 40

     NOTE: &hand; In  th e an cient phrases, all too dear, all too much,
     all  so  long,  etc.,  this  word  retains its appropriate sense or
     becomes intensive.

   2. Even; just. (Often a mere intensive adjunct.) [Obs. or Poet.]

     All as his straying flock he fed. Spenser.

     A damsel lay deploring All on a rock reclined. Gay.

   All  to,  OR All-to. In such phrases as "all to rent," "all to break,"
   "all-to  frozen,"  etc.,  which  are of frequent occurrence in our old
   authors,  the  all and the to have commonly been regarded as forming a
   compound  adverb,  equivalent  in  meaning  to  entirely,  completely,
   altogether.  But  the  sense of entireness lies wholly in the word all
   (as  it  does  in  "all forlorn," and similar expressions), and the to
   properly  belongs  to  the  following  word, being a kind of intensive
   prefix  (orig.  meaning  asunder  and  answering  to the LG. ter-, HG.
   zer-).  It is frequently to be met with in old books, used without the
   all.  Thus  Wyclif  says, "The vail of the temple was to rent:" and of
   Judas,  "He  was hanged and to-burst the middle:" i. e., burst in two,
   or  asunder.  --  All  along.  See  under  Along.  --  All  and  some,
   individually and collectively, one and all. [Obs.] "Displeased all and
   some."  Fairfax.  -- All but. (a) Scarcely; not even. [Obs.] Shak. (b)
   Almost;  nearly. "The fine arts were all but proscribed." Macaulay. --
   All  hollow,  entirely,  completely;  as,  to beat any one all hollow.
   [Low]  --  All one, the same thing in effect; that is, wholly the same
   thing. -- All over, over the whole extent; thoroughly; wholly; as, she
   is  her  mother  all  over.  [Colloq.]  --  All the better, wholly the
   better;  that  is,  better  by  the whole difference. -- All the same,
   nevertheless.  "There  they  [certain phenomena] remain rooted all the
   same, whether we recognize them or not." J. C. Shairp. "But Rugby is a
   very nice place all the same." T. Arnold. -- See also under All, n.
   
                                      All
                                       
   All  (#),  n. The whole number, quantity, or amount; the entire thing;
   everything  included or concerned; the aggregate; the whole; totality;
   everything or every person; as, our all is at stake.
   
     Death, as the Psalmist saith, is certain to all. Shak.
     
     All that thou seest is mine. Gen. xxxi. 43.
     
     NOTE: All is u sed  with  of, like a partitive; as, all of a thing,
     all of us.

   After all, after considering everything to the contrary; nevertheless.
   --  All  in  all,  a phrase which signifies all things to a person, or
   everything desired; (also adverbially) wholly; altogether.
   
     Thou shalt be all in all, and I in thee, Forever. Milton.
     
     Trust me not at all, or all in all. Tennyson.
     
   --  All  in  the  wind  (Naut.),  a phrase denoting that the sails are
   parallel with the course of the wind, so as to shake. -- All told, all
   counted;  in  all. -- And all, and the rest; and everything connected.
   "Bring  our  crown  and  all."  Shak. -- At all. (a) In every respect;
   wholly;  thoroughly.  [Obs.] "She is a shrew at al(l)." Chaucer. (b) A
   phrase  much  used  by  way  of  enforcement  or  emphasis, usually in
   negative  or  interrogative  sentences,  and  signifying in any way or
   respect;  in  the  least  degree or to the least extent; in the least;
   under  any  circumstances;  as,  he has no ambition at all; has he any
   property  at  all? "Nothing at all. " Shak. "It thy father at all miss
   me." 1 Sam. xx. 6. -- Over all, everywhere. [Obs.] Chaucer.
   
     NOTE: &hand; A ll i s m uch u sed i n c omposition t o e nlarge the
     meaning,  or  add  force  to  a  word.  In  some  instances,  it is
     completely  incorporated  into  words,  and  its final consonant is
     dropped,  as  in almighty, already, always: but, in most instances,
     it  is an adverb prefixed to adjectives or participles, but usually
     with  a  hyphen,  as,  all-bountiful,  all-glorious,  allimportant,
     all-surrounding,  etc.  In others it is an adjective; as, allpower,
     all-giver. Anciently many words, as, alabout, alaground, etc., were
     compounded with all, which are now written separately.
     
                                      All
                                       
   All,  conj.  [Orig.  all,  adv., wholly: used with though or if, which
   being  dropped  before  the  subjunctive  left  all as if in the sense
   although.] Although; albeit. [Obs.]
   
     All they were wondrous loth. Spenser.
     
                                  Alla breve
                                       
   Al`la  bre"ve  (#).  [It., according to the breve.] (Old Church Music)
   With  one breve, or four minims, to measure, and sung faster like four
   crotchets; in quick common time; -- indicated in the time signature by
   
                                     Allah
                                       
   Al"lah  (#),  n. [ contr. fr. the article al the + ilah God.] The name
   of  the  Supreme  Being,  in  use  among the Arabs and the Mohammedans
   generally.
   
                                  All-a-mort
                                       
   All`-a-mort" (#), a. See Alamort.
   
                                   Allanite
                                       
   Al"lan*ite  (#),  n.  [From  T. Allan, who first distinguished it as a
   species.] (min.) A silicate containing a large amount of cerium. It is
   usually  black in color, opaque, and is related to epidote in form and
   composition.
   
                                   Allantoic
                                       
   Al`lan*to"ic  (#),  a.  [Cf.  F.  allanto\'8bque.]  Pertaining  to, or
   contained in, the allantois. Allantoic acid. (Chem.) See Allantoin.
   
                            Allantoid, Allantoidal
                                       
   Al*lan"toid  (#), Al`lan*toid"al (#), a. [Gr. (Anat.) Of or pertaining
   to the allantois.
   
                                  Allantoidea
                                       
   Al`lan*toid"e*a   (#),   n.  pl.  [NL.]  (Zo\'94l.)  The  division  of
   Vertebrata  in  which  the  embryo  develops an allantois. It includes
   reptiles, birds, and mammals. 

                                   Allantoin

   Al*lan"to*in  (#),  n.  (Chem.)  A crystalline, transparent, colorless
   substance found in the allantoic liquid of the fetal calf; -- formerly
   called allantoic acid and amniotic acid.

                             Allantois, Allantoid

   Al*lan"to*is   (#),  Al*lan"toid  (#),  }  n..  (Anat.)  A  membranous
   appendage  of  the  embryos  of  mammals,  birds,  and reptiles, -- in
   mammals  serving  to  connect  the  fetus with the parent; the urinary
   vesicle.

                                   Allatrate

   Al"la*trate  (#), v. i. [L. allatrare. See Latrate.] To bark as a dog.
   [Obs.] Stubbes.

                                     Allay

   Al*lay"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Allayed  (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Allaying.] [OE. alaien, aleggen, to lay down, put down, humble, put an
   end  to,  AS.  \'belecgan; \'be- (cf. Goth. us-, G. er-, orig. meaning
   out)  +  lecgan  to lay; but confused with old forms of allege, alloy,
   alegge. See Lay.]

   1.  To  make  quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to
   calm;  as,  to  allay  popular  excitement; to allay the tumult of the
   passions.

   2.  To  alleviate; to abate; to mitigate; as, to allay the severity of
   affliction or the bitterness of adversity.

     It would allay the burning quality of that fell poison. Shak.

   Syn. -- To alleviate; check; repress; assuage; appease; abate; subdue;
   destroy; compose; soothe; calm; quiet. See Alleviate.

                                     Allay

   Al*lay"  (#),  v.  t.  To  diminish in strength; to abate; to subside.
   "When the rage allays." Shak.

                                     Allay

   Al*lay", n. Alleviation; abatement; check. [Obs.]

                                     Allay

   Al*lay", n. Alloy. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                     Allay

   Al*lay",  v.  t. To mix (metals); to mix with a baser metal; to alloy;
   to deteriorate. [Archaic] Fuller.

                                    Allayer

   Al*lay"er (#), n. One who, or that which, allays.

                                   Allayment

   Al*lay"ment (#), n. An allaying; that which allays; mitigation. [Obs.]

     The like allayment could I give my grief. Shak.

                                   Allecret

   Al"le*cret (#), n. [OF. alecret, halecret, hallecret.] A kind of light
   armor used in the sixteenth century, esp. by the Swiss. Fairholt.

                                    Allect

   Al*lect"  (#),  v.  t. [L. allectare, freq. of allicere, allectum.] To
   allure; to entice. [Obs.]

                                  Allectation

   Al`lec*ta"tion (#), n. [L. allectatio.] Enticement; allurement. [Obs.]
   Bailey.

                                   Allective

   Al*lec"tive (#), a. [LL. allectivus.] Alluring. [Obs.]

                                   Allective

   Al*lec"tive, n. Allurement. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.

                                    Alledge

   Al*ledge" (#), v. t. See Allege. [Obs.]

     NOTE: &hand; Th is spelling, corresponding to abridge, was once the
     prevailing one.

                                  Allegation

   Al`le*ga"tion  (#), n. [L. allegatio, fr. allegare, allegatum, to send
   a  message,  cite;  later,  to  free by giving reasons; ad + legare to
   send, commission. Cf. Allege and Adlegation.]

   1. The act of alleging or positively asserting.

   2.  That  which is alleged, asserted, or declared; positive assertion;
   formal averment

     I thought their allegation but reasonable. Steele.

   3.  (Law)  A  statement  by a party of what he undertakes to prove, --
   usually  applied  to  each  separate  averment;  the  charge or matter
   undertaken to be proved.

                                    Allege

   Al*lege"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Alleged (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Alleging.]  [OE. aleggen to bring forward as evidence, OF. esligier to
   buy,  prop.  to  free  from  legal  difficulties,  fr.  an assumed LL.
   exlitigare;  L. ex + litigare to quarrel, sue (see Litigate). The word
   was  confused  with  L.  allegare  (see  Allegation), and lex law. Cf.
   Allay.]

   1.  To  bring  forward  with  positiveness;  to declare; to affirm; to
   assert; as, to allege a fact.

   2. To cite or quote; as, to allege the authority of a judge. [Archaic]

   3.  To produce or urge as a reason, plea, or excuse; as, he refused to
   lend, alleging a resolution against lending. Syn. -- To bring forward;
   adduce;  advance;  assign;  produce;  declare;  affirm;  assert; aver;
   predicate.

                                    Allege

   Al*lege",  v. t. [See Allay.] To alleviate; to lighten, as a burden or
   a trouble. [Obs.] Wyclif.

                                  Allegeable

   Al*lege"a*ble (#), a. Capable of being alleged or affirmed.

     The most authentic examples allegeable in the case. South.

                                  Allegeance

   Al*lege"ance (#), n. Allegation. [Obs.]

                                  Allegement

   Al*lege"ment (#), n. Allegation. [Obs.]

     With many complaints and allegements. Bp. Sanderson.

                                    Alleger

   Al*leg"er (#), n. One who affirms or declares.

                                    Allegge

   Al*legge" (#), v. t. See Alegge and Allay. [Obs.]

                                  Allegiance

   Al*le"giance  (#), n. [OE. alegeaunce; pref. a- + OF. lige, liege. The
   meaning  was  influenced by L. ligare to bind, and even by lex, legis,
   law. See Liege, Ligeance.]

   1.  The  tie or obligation, implied or expressed, which a subject owes
   to  his  sovereign  or government; the duty of fidelity to one's king,
   government, or state.

   2.  Devotion;  loyalty;  as,  allegiance  to science. Syn. -- Loyalty;
   fealty.  --  Allegiance,  Loyalty. These words agree in expressing the
   general  idea  of  fidelity  and  attachment  to the "powers that be."
   Allegiance is an obligation to a ruling power. Loyalty is a feeling or
   sentiment  towards  such power. Allegiance may exist under any form of
   government,  and,  in  a republic, we generally speak of allegiance to
   the  government,  to  the  state,  etc.  In well conducted monarchies,
   loyalty  is  a  warm-hearted  feeling of fidelity and obedience to the
   sovereign.  It  is  personal  in its nature; and hence we speak of the
   loyalty  of  a  wife  to  her husband, not of her allegiance. In cases
   where  we  personify,  loyalty  is  more  commonly  the word used; as,
   loyalty  to  the constitution; loyalty to the cause of virtue; loyalty
   to truth and religion, etc.

     Hear me, recreant, on thine allegiance hear me! Shak.

     So  spake  the  Seraph  Abdiel,  faithful  found,  .  . . Unshaken,
     unseduced,  unterrified,  His  loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal.
     Milton.

                                   Allegiant

   Al*le"giant (#), a. Loyal. Shak.

                            Allegoric, Allegorical

   Al`le*gor"ic  (#),  Al`le*gor"ic*al  (#),  a.  [F.  all\'82gorique, L.
   allegorius,  fr.  Gr.  Allegory.]  Belonging  to,  or  consisting  of,
   allegory;  of  the  nature of an allegory; describing by resemblances;
   figurative.   "An   allegoric   tale."   Falconer.   "An   allegorical
   application." Pope.

     Allegorical being . . . that kind of language which says one thing,
     but means another. Max Miller.

   Al`le*gor"ic*al*ly, adv. -- Al`le*gor"ic*al*ness, n.

                                  Allegorist

   Al"le*go*rist  (#),  n.  [Cf.  F. allegoriste.] One who allegorizes; a
   writer of allegory. Hume.

                                Allegorization

   Al`le*gor"i*za"tion  (#),  n.  The act of turning into allegory, or of
   understanding in an allegorical sense.

                                  Allegorize

   Al"le*go*rize  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allegorized (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n. Allegorizing.] [Cf. F. all\'82goriser, fr. L. allegorizare.]

   1.  To  form or turn into allegory; as, to allegorize the history of a
   people.

   2. To treat as allegorical; to understand in an allegorical sense; as,
   when  a  passage in a writer may understood literally or figuratively,
   he who gives it a figurative sense is said to allegorize it.

                                  Allegorize

   Al"le*go*rize, v. t. To use allegory. Holland.

                                  Allegorizer

   Al"le*go*ri`zer  (#),  n.  One  who  allegorizes, or turns things into
   allegory; an allegorist.

                                   Allegory

   Al"le*go*ry   (#),   n.;   pl.  Allegories  (#).  [L.  allegoria,  Gr.
   all\'82gorie.]

   1.  A figurative sentence or discourse, in which the principal subject
   is  described  by  another subject resembling it in its properties and
   circumstances.  The  real subject is thus kept out of view, and we are
   left  to  collect  the  intentions  of  the  writer  or speaker by the
   resemblance of the secondary to the primary subject.

   2. Anything which represents by suggestive resemblance; an emblem.

   3.  (Paint.  &  Sculpt.)  A  figure representation which has a meaning
   beyond  notion  directly conveyed by the object painted or sculptured.
   Syn.  --  Metaphor;  fable. -- Allegory, Parable. "An allegory differs
   both  from  fable  and  parable, in that the properties of persons are
   fictitiously  represented  as attached to things, to which they are as
   it were transferred. . . . A figure of Peace and Victory crowning some
   historical  personage  is  an  allegory.  "I  am  the Vine, ye are the
   branches" [John xv. 1-6] is a spoken allegory. In the parable there is
   no  transference  of properties. The parable of the sower [Matt. xiii.
   3-23]  represents  all  things as according to their proper nature. In
   the  allegory quoted above the properties of the vine and the relation
   of  the  branches  are  transferred  to  the  person of Christ and His
   apostles and disciples." C. J. Smith.

     NOTE: An al legory is  a  pr olonged me taphor. Bunyan's "Pilgrim's
     Progress"  and Spenser's "Fa\'89rie Queene" are celebrated examples
     of the allegory.

                                  Allegresse

   Al`le`gresse"  (#),  n.  [F.  all\'82gresse, fr. L. alacer sprightly.]
   Joy; gladsomeness.

                                  Allegretto

   Al`le*gret"to  (#),  a.  [It.,  dim.  of allegro.] (Mus.) Quicker than
   andante, but not so quick as allegro. -- n. A movement in this time.

                                    Allegro

   Al*le"gro (#), a. [It., merry, gay, fr. L. alacer lively. Cf. Aleger.]
   (Mus.)  Brisk,  lively.  -- n. An allegro movement; a quick, sprightly
   strain or piece.

                              Alleluia, Alleluiah

   Al`le*lu"ia,  Al`le*lu"iah  (#), n. [L. alleluia, Gr. hall-y\'beh. See
   Hallelujah.]  An  exclamation  signifying  Praise ye Jehovah. Hence: A
   song of praise to God. See Hallelujah, the commoner form.

     I  heard  a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia.
     Rev. xix. 1.

                                   Allemande

   Al"le*mande" (#), n. [F., fr. allemand German.]

   1.  (Mus.) A dance in moderate twofold time, invented by the French in
   the reign of Louis XIV.; -- now mostly found in suites of pieces, like
   those of Bach and Handel.

   2. A figure in dancing.

                                  Allemannic

   Al`le*man"nic (#), a. See Alemannic.

                                   Allenarly

   Al*len"ar*ly  (#),  adv.  [All  + anerly singly, fr. ane one.] Solely;
   only. [Scot.] Sir W. Scott.

                                     Aller

   Al"ler  (#),  a.  [For  ealra,  the  AS. gen. pl. of eal all.] Same as
   Alder, of all. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                   Allerion

   Al*le"ri*on  (#),  n.  [F.  al\'82rion, LL. alario a sort of eagle; of
   uncertain origin.] (Her.) Am eagle without beak or feet, with expanded
   wings. Burke.

                                   Alleviate

   Al*le"vi*ate  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  & p. p. Alleviated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Alleviating.]  [LL.  alleviare,  fr.  L. ad + levis light. See Alegge,
   Levity.]

   1. To lighten or lessen the force or weight of. [Obs.]

     Should no others join capable to alleviate the expense. Evelyn.

     Those  large  bladders . . . conduce much to the alleviating of the
     body [of flying birds]. Ray.

   2. To lighten or lessen (physical or mental troubles); to mitigate, or
   make easier to be endured; as, to alleviate sorrow, pain, care, etc. ;
   -- opposed to aggravate.

     The calamity of the want of the sense of hearing is much alleviated
     by giving the use of letters. Bp. Horsley.

   3. To extenuate; to palliate. [R.]

     He alleviates his fault by an excuse. Johnson.

   Syn.  --  To  lessen;  diminish;  soften;  mitigate;  assuage;  abate;
   relieve;  nullify;  allay.  -- To Alleviate, Mitigate, Assuage, Allay.
   These words have in common the idea of relief from some painful state;
   and  being all figurative, they differ in their application, according
   to  the image under which this idea is presented. Alleviate supposes a
   load  which  is  lightened or taken off; as, to alleviate one's cares.
   Mitigate supposes something fierce which is made mild; as, to mitigate
   one's  anguish.  Assuage  supposes something violent which is quieted;
   as,  to  assuage  one's  sorrow.  Allay  supposes something previously
   excited,  but  now brought down; as, to allay one's suffering or one's
   thirst.   To  alleviate  the  distresses  of  life;  to  mitigate  the
   fierceness  of  passion  or  the  violence  of grief; to assuage angry
   feeling; to allay wounded sensibility.

                                  Alleviation

   Al*le`vi*a"tion (#), n. [LL. alleviatio.]

   1.  The  act  of  alleviating;  a  lightening  of  weight or severity;
   mitigation; relief.
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   Page 41

   2. That which mitigates, or makes more tolerable.

     I  have  not  wanted  such alleviations of life as friendship could
     supply. Johnson.

                                  Alleviative

   Al*le"vi*a*tive  (#),  a.  Tending  to  alleviate.  --  n.  That which
   alleviates.

                                  Alleviator

   Al*le"vi*a`tor (#), n. One who, or that which, alleviaties.

                                  Alleviatory

   Al*le"vi*a*to*ry (#), a. Alleviative. Carlyle.

                                     Alley

   Al"ley  (#),  n.;  pl.  Alleys  (#). [OE. aley, alley, OF. al\'82e, F.
   all\'82e,  a  going,  passage,  fr.  OE.  aler,  F.  aller,  to go; of
   uncertain origin: cf. Prov. anar, It. andare, Sp. andar.]

   1. A narrow passage; especially a walk or passage in a garden or park,
   bordered by rows of trees or bushes; a bordered way.

     I know each lane and every alley green. Milton.

   2.  A  narrow  passage  or  way  in  a city, as distinct from a public
   street. Gay.

   3. A passageway between rows of pews in a church.

   4.  (Persp.) Any passage having the entrance represented as wider than
   the exit, so as to give the appearance of length.

   5.  The  space  between  two rows of compositors' stands in a printing
   office.

                                     Alley

   Al"ley,  n.;  pl. Alleys (#). [A contraction of alabaster, of which it
   was originally made.] A choice taw or marble. Dickens.

                                    Alleyed

   Al"leyed  (#), a. Furnished with alleys; forming an alley. "An alleyed
   walk." Sir W. Scott.

                                   Alleyway

   Al"ley*way` (#) n. An alley.

                                All Fools' Day

   All"  Fools' Day` (#). The first day of April, a day on which sportive
   impositions are practiced.

     The  first  of April, some do say, Is set apart for All Fools' Day.
     Poor Robin's Almanack (1760).

                                   Allfours

   All`fours"  (#).  [All + four (cards).] A game at cards, called "High,
   Low, Jack, and the Game."

                                   All fours

   All`  fours"  [formerly, All` four".] All four legs of a quadruped; or
   the two legs and two arms of a person. To be, go, or run, on all fours
   (Fig.), to be on the same footing; to correspond (with) exactly; to be
   alike  in  all the circumstances to be considered. "This example is on
   all fours with the other." "No simile can go on all fours." Macaulay.
   
                                   All hail
                                       
   All`  hail"  (#).  [All  +  hail,  interj.] All health; -- a phrase of
   salutation or welcome.
   
                                   All-hail
                                       
   All`-hail", v. t. To salute; to greet. [Poet.]
   
     Whiles  I  stood  rapt  in the wonder of it, came missives from the
     king, who all-hailed me "Thane of Cawdor." Shak.
     
                                  Allhallond
                                       
   All`hal"lond (#), n. Allhallows. [Obs.] Shak.
   
                             Allhallow, Allhallows
                                       
   All`hal"low (#), All`hal"lows (#), n. 

   1. All the saints (in heaven). [Obs.]

   2.  All  Saints'  Day,  November  1st. [Archaic] <-- All Hallows Eve =
   Halloween, Dec. 31 st. -->

                                   Allhallow

   All`hal"low (#). The evening before Allhallows. See Halloween.

                                 Allhallowmas

   All`hal"low*mas (#), n. The feast of All Saints.

                                  Allhallown

   All`hal"lown  (#),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to the time of Allhallows.
   [Obs.]  "Allhallown  summer."  Shak.  (i.  e.,  late  summer;  "Indian
   Summer").

                                 Allhallowtide

   All`hal"low*tide`  (#),  n. [AS. t\'c6d time.] The time at or near All
   Saints, or November 1st.

                                    Allheal

   All"heal (#), n. A name popularly given to the officinal valerian, and
   to some other plants.

                                   Alliable

   Al*li"a*ble (#), a. Able to enter into alliance.

                                  Alliaceous

   Al`li*a"ceous (#), a. Of or pertaining to the genus Allium, or garlic,
   onions, leeks, etc.; having the smell or taste of garlic or onions.

                                   Alliance

   Al*li"ance  (#),  n.  [OE. aliaunce, OF. aliance, F. alliance, fr. OF.
   alier, F. allier. See Ally, and cf. LL. alligantia.]

   1.  The  state of being allied; the act of allying or uniting; a union
   or  connection  of  interests between families, states, parties, etc.,
   especially between families by marriage and states by compact, treaty,
   or  league;  as, matrimonial alliances; an alliance between church and
   state; an alliance between France and England.

   2.  Any  union  resembling  that  of  families  or  states;  union  by
   relationship in qualities; affinity.

     The  alliance  of  the  principles  of  the world with those of the
     gospel. C. J. Smith.

     The alliance . . . between logic and metaphysics. Mansel.

   3. The persons or parties allied. Udall. Syn. -- Connection; affinity;
   union; confederacy; confederation; league; coalition.

                                   Alliance

   Al*li"ance, v. t. To connect by alliance; to ally. [Obs.]

                                    Alliant

   Al*li"ant  (#),  n.  [Cf.  F. alliant, p. pr.] An ally; a confederate.
   [Obs. & R.] Sir H. Wotton.

                                 Allice, Allis

   Al"lice,   Al"lis   (#),  n.  (Zo\'94l.)  The  European  shad  (Clupea
   vulgaris); allice shad. See Alose.

                                  Alliciency

   Al*li"cien*cy  (#), n. Attractive power; attractiveness. [Obs.] Sir T.
   Browne.

                                   Allicient

   Al*li"cient  (#), a. [L. alliciens, p. pr. of allicere to allure; ad +
   lacere  to  entice.]  That  attracts; attracting. -- n. That attracts.
   [Rare or Obs.]

                                    Allied

   Al*lied" (#), a. United; joined; leagued; akin; related. See Ally.

                                   Alligate

   Al*li*gate  (#), v. t. [L. alligatus, p. p. of alligare. See Ally.] To
   tie; to unite by some tie.

     Instincts alligated to their nature. Sir M. Hale.

                                  Alligation

   Al`li*ga"tion (#), n. [L. alligatio.]

   1.  The  act of tying together or attaching by some bond, or the state
   of being attached. [R.]

   2.  (Arith.)  A  rule relating to the solution of questions concerning
   the  compounding or mixing of different ingredients, or ingredients of
   different qualities or values.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e ru le is  na med fr om th e me thod of connecting
     together the terms by certain ligature-like signs. Alligation is of
     two  kinds,  medial  and  alternate;  medial teaching the method of
     finding  the  price  or  quality  of  a  mixture  of several simple
     ingredients  whose  prices  and  qualities  are  known;  alternate,
     teaching  the  amount  of  each of several simple ingredients whose
     prices  or  qualities  are  known, which will be required to make a
     mixture of given price or quality.

                                   Alligator

   Al"li*ga`tor (#), n. [Sp. el lagarto the lizard (el lagarto de Indias,
   the  cayman  or American crocodile), fr. L. lacertus, lacerta, lizard.
   See Lizard.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.)  A  large  carnivorous reptile of the Crocodile family,
   peculiar  to  America.  It  has  a  shorter and broader snout than the
   crocodile,  and the large teeth of the lower jaw shut into pits in the
   upper  jaw,  which has no marginal notches. Besides the common species
   of  the  southern  United  States,  there  are allied species in South
   America.

   2.  (Mech.)  Any machine with strong jaws, one of which opens like the
   movable  jaw  of  an  alligator;  as,  (a)  (Metal  Working) a form of
   squeezer  for  the  puddle  ball;  (b)  (Mining)  a  rock breaker; (c)
   (Printing) a kind of job press, called also alligator press.
   Alligator  apple  (Bot.),  the  fruit  of  the Anona palustris, a West
   Indian  tree.  It is said to be narcotic in its properties. Loudon. --
   Alligator  fish  (Zo\'94l.),  a  marine  fish  of northwestern America
   (Podothecus  acipenserinus).  --  Alligator gar (Zo\'94l.), one of the
   gar  pikes  (Lepidosteus  spatula) found in the southern rivers of the
   United States. The name is also applied to other species of gar pikes.
   --  Alligator  pear (Bot.), a corruption of Avocado pear. See Avocado.
   -- Alligator snapper, Alligator tortoise, Alligator turtle (Zo\'94l.),
   a  very large and voracious turtle (Macrochelys lacertina) in habiting
   the  rivers  of  the  southern United States. It sometimes reaches the
   weight  of  two  hundred pounds. Unlike the common snapping turtle, to
   which  the  name is sometimes erroneously applied, it has a scaly head
   and  many  small scales beneath the tail. This name is sometimes given
   to  other  turtles,  as  to species of Trionyx. -- Alligator wood, the
   timber of a tree of the West Indies (Guarea Swartzii).

                                  Allignment

   Al*lign"ment (#), n. See Alignment.

                                   Allineate

   Al*lin"e*ate  (#), v. t. [L. ad + lineatus, p. p. of lineare to draw a
   line.] To align. [R.] Herschel.

                           Allineation, Alineeation

   Al*lin`e*a"tion  (#), A*line`e*a"tion (#), n. Alignment; position in a
   straight line, as of two planets with the sun. Whewell.

     The allineation of the two planets. C. A. Young.

                                   Allision

   Al*li"sion  (#),  n.  [L.  allisio,  fr.  allidere,  to strike or dash
   against; ad + laedere to dash against.] The act of dashing against, or
   striking upon.

     The boisterous allision of the sea. Woodward.

                                   Alliteral

   Al*lit"er*al (#), a. Pertaining to, or characterized by alliteration.

                                  Alliterate

   Al*lit"er*ate   (#),   v.  t.  To  employ  or  place  so  as  to  make
   alliteration. Skeat.

                                  Alliterate

   Al*lit"er*ate,  v.  i.  To compose alliteratively; also, to constitute
   alliteration.

                                 Alliteration

   Al*lit`er*a"tion  (#),  n.  [L.  ad  + litera letter. See Letter.] The
   repetition  of  the  same letter at the beginning of two or more words
   immediately  succeeding  each  other, or at short intervals; as in the
   following lines: -

     Behemoth, biggest born of earth, upheaved His vastness. Milton.

     Fly o'er waste fens and windy fields. Tennyson.

     NOTE: &hand; The recurrence of the same letter in accented parts of
     words   is   also   called   alliteration.  Anglo-Saxon  poetry  is
     characterized  by alliterative meter of this sort. Later poets also
     employed it.

     In a somer seson whan soft was the sonne, I shope me in shroudes as
     I a shepe were. P. Plowman.

                                 Alliterative

   Al*lit"er*a*tive  (?;  277),  a.  Pertaining  to, or characterized by,
   alliteration; as, alliterative poetry. -- Al*lit"er*a*tive*ly, adv. --
   Al*lit"er*a*tive*ness, n.

                                  Alliterator

   Al*lit"er*a`tor (#), n. One who alliterates.

                                    Allium

   Al"li*um (#), n. [L., garlic.] (bot.) A genus of plants, including the
   onion, garlic, leek, chive, etc.

                                   Allmouth

   All"mouth` (#), n. (Zo\'94l.) The angler.

                                    Allness

   All"ness (#), n. Totality; completeness. [R.]

     The allness of God, including his absolute spirituality, supremacy,
     and eternity. R. Turnbull.

                                   Allnight

   All"night`  (#),  n.  Light, fuel, or food for the whole night. [Obs.]
   Bacon.

                                   Allocate

   Al"lo*cate  (#),  v. t. [LL. allocatus, p. p. of allocare, fr. L. ad +
   locare to place. See Allow.]

   1. To distribute or assign; to allot. Burke.

   2. To localize. [R.]

                                  Allocation

   Al`lo*ca"tion (#), n. [LL. allocatio: cf. F. allocation.]

   1.  The  act  of putting one thing to another; a placing; disposition;
   arrangement. Hallam.

   2.  An  allotment  or  apportionment; as, an allocation of shares in a
   company.

     The  allocation  of  the  particular  portions  of Palestine to its
     successive inhabitants. A. R. Stanley.

   3.  The  admission of an item in an account, or an allowance made upon
   an account; -- a term used in the English exchequer.

                                   Allocatur

   Al`lo*ca"tur  (#),  n.  [LL.,  it  is allowed, fr. allocare to allow.]
   (Law)  "Allowed."  The  word  allocatur  expresses  the allowance of a
   proceeding, writ, order, etc., by a court, judge, or judicial officer.

                                  Allochroic

   Al`lo*chro"ic (#), a. Changeable in color.

                                  Allochroite

   Al*loch"ro*ite (#), n. (Min.) See Garnet.

                                  Allochroous

   Al*loch"ro*ous (#), a. [Gr. Changing color.

                                  Allocution

   Al`lo*cu"tion  (#),  n.  [L.  allocuto,  fr. alloqui to speak to; ad +
   loqui to speak: cf. F. allocution.]

   1. The act or manner of speaking to, or of addressing in words.

   2.  An  address;  a hortatory or authoritative address as of a pope to
   his clergy. Addison.

                                     Allod

   Al"lod (#), n. See Allodium.

                                   Allodial

   Al*lo"di*al  (#),  a.  [LL. allodialis, fr. allodium: cf. F. allodial.
   See Allodium.] (Law) Pertaining to allodium; freehold; free of rent or
   service;  held  independent of a lord paramount; -- opposed to feudal;
   as, allodial lands; allodial system. Blackstone.

                                   Allodial

   Al*lo"di*al, a. Anything held allodially. W. Coxe.

                                  Allodialism

   Al*lo"di*al*ism (#), n. The allodial system.

                                  Allodialist

   Al*lo"di*al*ist, n. One who holds allodial land.

                                  Allodially

   Al*lo"di*al*ly, adv. By allodial tenure.

                                   Allodiary

   Al*lo"di*a*ry (#), n. One who holds an allodium.

                                   Allodium

   Al*lo"di*um  (#),  n. [LL. allodium, alodium, alodis, alaudis, of Ger.
   origin;  cf.  OHG.  al  all, and (AS. e\'bed) possession, property. It
   means,  therefore,  entirely  one's  property.] (Law) Freehold estate;
   land  which is the absolute property of the owner; real estate held in
   absolute  independence, without being subject to any rent, service, or
   acknowledgment  to a superior. It is thus opposed to feud. Blackstone.
   Bouvier.

                                  Allogamous

   Al*log"a*mous (#), a. (Bot.) Characterized by allogamy.

                                   Allogamy

   Al*log"a*my  (#) n. [Gr. (Bot.) Fertilization of the pistil of a plant
   by pollen from another of the same species; cross-fertilization.

                                  Allogeneous

   Al`lo*ge"ne*ous (#), a. [Gr. Different in nature or kind. [R.]

                                   Allograph

   Al"lo*graph  (#), n. [Gr. -graph.] A writing or signature made by some
   person other than any of the parties thereto; -- opposed to autograph.
   <-- Allomer; Allomeric -->

                                  Allomerism

   Al*lom"er*ism   (#),   n.   [Gr.   (Chem.)   Variability  in  chemical
   constitution without variation in crystalline form.

                                  Allomerous

   Al*lom"er*ous (#), a. (Chem.) Characterized by allomerism.

                                   Allomorph

   Al"lo*morph  (#),  n.  [Gr. (Min.) (a) Any one of two or more distinct
   crystalline  forms of the same substance; or the substance having such
   forms;  --  as, carbonate of lime occurs in the allomorphs calcite and
   aragonite. (b) A variety of pseudomorph which has undergone partial or
   complete  change  or  substitution  of  material;  -- thus limonite is
   frequently an allomorph after pyrite. G. H. Williams.

                                  Allomorphic

   Al`lo*mor"phic (#), a. (Min.) Of or pertaining to allomorphism.

                                 Allomorphism

   Al`lo*mor"phism  (#),  n.  (Min.)  The  property  which constitutes an
   allomorph; the change involved in becoming an allomorph.

                                    Allonge

   Al*longe"  (#),  n.  [F.  allonge,  earlier alonge, a lengthening. See
   Allonge, v., and cf. Lunge.]

   1. (Fencing) A thrust or pass; a lunge.

   2.  A  slip  of  paper  attached  to  a bill of exchange for receiving
   indorsements,  when  the  back  of  the bill itself is already full; a
   rider. [A French usage] Abbott.

                                    Allonge

   Al*longe",  v. i. [F. allonger; \'85 (L. ad) + long (L. longus) long.]
   To thrust with a sword; to lunge.

                                    Allonym

   Al"lo*nym (#), n. [F. allonyme, fr. Gr.

   1. The name of another person assumed by the author of a work.

   2. A work published under the name of some one other than the author.

                                  Allonymous

   Al*lon"y*mous  (#), a. Published under the name of some one other than
   the author.

                                     Alloo

   Al*loo"  (#),  v.  t. or i. [See Halloo.] To incite dogs by a call; to
   halloo. [Obs.]

                                   Allopath

   Al"lo*path (#), n. [Cf. F. allopathe.] An allopathist. Ed. Rev.

                                  Allopathic

   Al`lo*path"ic  (#),  a.  [Cf.  F.  allopathique.]  Of or pertaining to
   allopathy.

                                Allopathically

   Al`lo*path"ic*al*ly (#), adv. In a manner conformable to allopathy; by
   allopathic methods.

                                  Allopathist

   Al*lop"a*thist  (#), n. One who practices allopathy; one who professes
   allopathy.

                                   Allopathy

   Al*lop"a*thy (#), n. [Gr. allopathie, F. allopathie. See Pathos.] That
   system  of medical practice which aims to combat disease by the use of
   remedies  which  produce  effects different from those produced by the
   special  disease treated; -- a term invented by Hahnemann to designate
   the ordinary practice, as opposed to homeopathy.

                            Allophylic, Allophylian

   Al`lo*phyl"ic  (#),  Al`lo*phyl"i*an (#), a. [Gr. Pertaining to a race
   or a language neither Aryan nor Semitic. J. Prichard.

                                    Alloquy

   Al"lo*quy  (#),  n. [L. alloquim, fr. alloqui.] A speaking to another;
   an address. [Obs.]

                                     Allot

   Al*lot" (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allotted; p. pr. & vb. n. Allotting.]
   [OF. aloter, F. allotir; a (L. ad) + lot lot. See Lot.]

   1. To distribute by lot.

   2. To distribute, or parcel out in parts or portions; or to distribute
   to  each  individual  concerned;  to  assign as a share or lot; to set
   apart  as  one's  share;  to  bestow on; to grant; to appoint; as, let
   every man be contented with that which Providence allots him.

     Ten years I will allot to the attainment of knowledge. Johnson.

                                  Allotheism

   Al"lo*the*ism (#), n. [Gr. The worship of strange gods. Jer. Taylor.

                                   Allotment

   Al*lot"ment (#), n. [Cf. OF. alotement, F. allotement.]

   1. The act of allotting; assignment.

   2.  That  which  is  allotted;  a  share,  part, or portion granted or
   distributed;  that  which  is  assigned  by lot, or by the act of God;
   anything set apart for a special use or to a distinct party.

     The alloments of God and nature. L'Estrange.

     A vineyard and an allotment for olives and herbs. Broome.

   3.  (law)  The  allowance  of  a  specific  amount  of  scrip  or of a
   particular thing to a particular person.
   Cottage  allotment,  an  allotment  of  a  small  portion of land to a
   country laborer for garden cultivation. [Eng.]
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   Page 42

                                 Allotriophagy

   Al`lo*tri*oph"a*gy  (#),  n.  [Gr.  allotriophagie.] (Med.) A depraved
   appetite; a desire for improper food.

                           Allotropic, Allotropical

   Al`lo*trop"ic  (#), Al`lo*trop"ic*al (#), a. [Cf. F. allotropique.] Of
   or  pertaining to allotropism. -- Al`lo*trop"ic*al*ly, adv. Allotropic
   state, the several conditions which occur in a case of allotropism.

                                 Allotropicity

   Al*lot`ro*pic"i*ty (#), n. Allotropic property or nature.

                            Allotropism, Allotropy

   Al*lot"ro*pism (#), Al*lot"ro*py (#), n. [Gr. allotropie.] (Chem.) The
   property  of  existing in two or more conditions which are distinct in
   their physical or chemical relations.

     NOTE: &hand; Th us, ca rbon oc curs crystallized in octahedrons and
     other  related  forms,  in  a  state  of  extreme  hardness, in the
     diamond;  it  occurs in hexagonal forms, and of little hardness, in
     black lead; and again occurs in a third form, with entire softness,
     in  lampblack  and  charcoal.  In  some  cases,  one  of  these  is
     peculiarly  an  active  state,  and  the other a passive one. Thus,
     ozone  is  an active state of oxygen, and is distinct from ordinary
     oxygen, which is the element in its passive state.

                                  Allotropize

   Al*lot"ro*pize  (#), v. t. To change in physical properties but not in
   substance. [R.]

                                  Allottable

   Al*lot"ta*ble (#), a. Capable of being allotted.

                                   Allottee

   Al*lot`tee"  (#),  n. One to whom anything is allotted; one to whom an
   allotment is made.

                                   Allotter

   Al*lot"ter (#), n. One who allots.

                                   Allottery

   Al*lot"ter*y (#), n. Allotment. [Obs.] Shak.

                                     Allow

   Al*low"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Allowed  (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Allowing.]  [OE. alouen, OF. alouer, aloer, aluer, F. allouer, fr. LL.
   allocare  to  admit as proved, to place, use; confused with OF. aloer,
   fr.  L. allaudare to extol; ad + laudare to praise. See Local, and cf.
   Allocate, Laud.]

   1. To praise; to approve of; hence, to sanction. [Obs. or Archaic]

     Ye allow the deeds of your fathers. Luke xi. 48.

     We  commend  his  pains, condemn his pride, allow his life, approve
     his learning. Fuller.

   2. To like; to be suited or pleased with. [Obs.]

     How allow you the model of these clothes? Massinger.

   3. To sanction; to invest; to intrust. [Obs.]

     Thou shalt be . . . allowed with absolute power. Shak.

   4.  To  grant, give, admit, accord, afford, or yield; to let one have;
   as,  to allow a servant his liberty; to allow a free passage; to allow
   one day for rest.

     He was allowed about three hundred pounds a year. Macaulay.

   5.  To own or acknowledge; to accept as true; to concede; to accede to
   an opinion; as, to allow a right; to allow a claim; to allow the truth
   of a proposition.

     I  allow,  with Mrs. Grundy and most moralists, that Miss Newcome's
     conduct . . . was highly reprehensible. Thackeray.

   6.  To  grant (something) as a deduction or an addition; esp. to abate
   or deduct; as, to allow a sum for leakage.

   7.  To  grant license to; to permit; to consent to; as, to allow a son
   to  be  absent.  Syn.  --  To  allot;  assign; bestow; concede; admit;
   permit; suffer; tolerate. See Permit.

                                     Allow

   Al*low", v. i. To admit; to concede; to make allowance or abatement.

     Allowing still for the different ways of making it. Addison.

   To allow of, to permit; to admit. Shak.

                                   Allowable

   Al*low"a*ble (#), a. [F. allouable.]

   1. Praiseworthy; laudable. [Obs.] Hacket.

   2.   Proper   to  be,  or  capable  of  being,  allowed;  permissible;
   admissible;  not  forbidden;  not  unlawful or improper; as, a certain
   degree of freedom is allowable among friends.

                                 Allowableness

   Al*low"a*ble*ness, n. The quality of being allowable; permissibleness;
   lawfulness; exemption from prohibition or impropriety. South.

                                   Allowably

   Al*low"a*bly, adv. In an allowable manner.

                                   Allowance

   Al*low"ance (#), n. [OF. alouance.]

   1. Approval; approbation. [Obs.] Crabbe.

   2.   The   act   of   allowing,  granting,  conceding,  or  admitting;
   authorization; permission; sanction; tolerance.

     Without the king's will or the state's allowance. Shak.

   3. Acknowledgment.

     The  censure  of  the  which one must in your allowance o'erweigh a
     whole theater of others. Shak.

   4. License; indulgence. [Obs.] Locke.

   5.  That  which  is allowed; a share or portion allotted or granted; a
   sum  granted  as  a reimbursement, a bounty, or as appropriate for any
   purpose;  a  stated  quantity,  as  of food or drink; hence, a limited
   quantity of meat and drink, when provisions fall short.

     I can give the boy a handsome allowance. Thackeray.

   6.  Abatement;  deduction;  the  taking  into  account  of  mitigating
   circumstances; as, to make allowance for the inexperience of youth.

     After making the largest allowance for fraud. Macaulay.

   7.  (com.)  A  customary  deduction  from  the  gross weight of goods,
   different in different countries, such as tare and tret.

                                   Allowance

   Al*low"ance, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allowancing (#).] [See Allowance, n.]
   To  put  upon  a  fixed  allowance  (esp. of provisions and drink); to
   supply in a fixed and limited quantity; as, the captain was obliged to
   allowance his crew; our provisions were allowanced.

                                   Allowedly

   Al*low"ed*ly (#) adv. By allowance; admittedly. Shenstone.

                                    Allower

   Al*low"er (#), n.

   1. An approver or abettor. [Obs.]

   2. One who allows or permits.

                                    Alloxan

   Al*lox"an  (#),  n. [Allantoin + oxalic, as containing the elements of
   allantion and oxalic acid.] (Chem.) An oxidation product of uric acid.
   It is of a pale reddish color, readily soluble in water or alcohol.

                                  Alloxanate

   Al*lox"a*nate  (#),  n.  (Chem.) A combination of alloxanic acid and a
   base or base or positive radical.

                                   Alloxanic

   Al`lox*an"ic  (#),  a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to alloxan; -- applied
   to an acid obtained by the action of soluble alkalies on alloxan.

                                  Alloxantin

   Al`lox*an"tin (#), n. (Chem.) A substance produced by acting upon uric
   with warm and very dilute nitric acid.

                                     Alloy

   Al*loy",  n.  [OE. alai, OF. alei, F. aloyer, to alloy, alier to ally.
   See Alloy, v. t.]

   1.  Any combination or compound of metals fused together; a mixture of
   metals;  for example, brass, which is an alloy of copper and zinc. But
   when mercury is one of the metals, the compound is called an amalgam.

   2. The quality, or comparative purity, of gold or silver; fineness.

   3. A baser metal mixed with a finer.

     Fine silver is silver without the mixture of any baser metal. Alloy
     is baser metal mixed with it. Locke.

   4. Admixture of anything which lessens the value or detracts from; as,
   no  happiness is without alloy. "Pure English without Latin alloy." F.
   Harrison.

                                     Alloy

   Al*loy",  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Alloyed (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Alloying.]
   [F.  aloyer,  OF.  alier,  allier,  later allayer, fr. L. aligare. See
   Alloy, n., Ally, v.t., and cf. Allay.]

   1.  To  reduce the purity of by mixing with a less valuable substance;
   as, to alloy gold with silver or copper, or silver with copper.

   2. To mix, as metals, so as to form a compound.

   3.  To  abate,  impair,  or  debase by mixture; to allay; as, to alloy
   pleasure with misfortunes.

                                     Alloy

   Al*loy", v. t. To form a metallic compound.

     Gold and iron alloy with ease. Ure.

                                   Alloyage

   Al*loy"age  (#),  n.  [F. aloyage.] The act or art of alloying metals;
   also, the combination or alloy.

                                 All-possessed

   All`-pos*sessed"  (#),  a.  Controlled  by  an  evil spirit or by evil
   passions; wild. [Colloq.]

                            All Saints, All Saints'

   All" Saints` (#), All" Saints' (#), The first day of November, called,
   also,  Allhallows  or  Hallowmas; a feast day kept in honor of all the
   saints; also, the season of this festival.

                                All Souls' Day

   All"  Souls'  Day` (#). The second day of November; a feast day of the
   Roman  Catholic  church, on which supplications are made for the souls
   of the faithful dead.

                                   Allspice

   All"spice`  (#), n. The berry of the pimento (Eugenia pimenta), a tree
   of  the  West Indies; a spice of a mildly pungent taste, and agreeably
   aromatic; Jamaica pepper; pimento. It has been supposed to combine the
   flavor  of cinnamon, nutmegs, and cloves; and hence the name. The name
   is  also  given  to  other  aromatic shrubs; as, the Carolina allspice
   (Calycanthus  floridus);  wild allspice (Lindera benzoin), called also
   spicebush, spicewood, and feverbush.

                                   Allthing

   All`thing`  (#), adv. [For in all (= every) thing.] Altogether. [Obs.]
   Shak.

                                    Allude

   Al*lude"  (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Alluded; p. pr. & vb. n. Alluding.]
   [L.  alludere  to play with, to allude; ad + ludere to play.] To refer
   to  something  indirectly  or  by  suggestion;  to have reference to a
   subject not specifically and plainly mentioned; -- followed by to; as,
   the story alludes to a recent transaction.

     These  speeches  .  .  .  do  seem  to allude unto such ministerial
     garments as were then in use. Hooker.

   Syn.  --  To refer; point; indicate; hint; suggest; intimate; signify;
   insinuate; advert. See Refer.

                                    Allude

   Al*lude",  v.  t.  To  compare  allusively;  to  refer  (something) as
   applicable. [Obs.] Wither.

                                   Allumette

   Al`lu`mette  (#), n. [F., from allumer to light.] A match for lighting
   candles, lamps, etc.

                                   Alluminor

   Al*lu"mi*nor  (#),  n.  [OF.  alumineor,  fr.  L.  ad  + liminare. See
   Luminate.]  An  illuminator of manuscripts and books; a limner. [Obs.]
   Cowell.

                                   Allurance

   Al*lur"ance (#), n. Allurement. [R.]

                                    Allure

   Al*lure"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Alluded (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Alluring.]  [OF.  aleurrer,  alurer,  fr. a (L. ad) + leurre lure. See
   Lure.] To attempt to draw; to tempt by a lure or bait, that is, by the
   offer  of  some  good,  real  or  apparent;  to  invite  by  something
   flattering or acceptable; to entice; to attract.

     With promised joys allured them on. Falconer.

     The golden sun in splendor likest Heaven Allured his eye. Milton.

   Syn.  --  To  attract;  entice;  tempt;  decoy;  seduce. -- To Allure,
   Entice,  Decoy,  Seduce.  These words agree in the idea of acting upon
   the mind by some strong controlling influence, and differ according to
   the  image under which is presented. They are all used in a bad sense,
   except  allure, which has sometimes (though rarely) a good one. We are
   allured  by  the  prospect or offer (usually deceptive) of some future
   good. We are commonly enticed into evil by appeals to our passions. We
   are  decoyed  into  danger by false appearances or representations. We
   are  seduced when drawn aside from the path of rectitude. What allures
   draws  by  gentle  means;  what  entices  leads  us  by  promises  and
   persuasions;  what decoys betrays us, as it were, into a snare or net;
   what seduces deceives us by artful appeals to the passions.

                                    Allure

   Al*lure", n. Allurement. [R.] Hayward.

                                    Allure

   Al`lure" (#), n. [F.; aller to go.] Gait; bearing.

     The  swing,  the  gait, the pose, the allure of these men. Harper's
     Mag.

                                  Allurement

   Al*lure"ment (#), n.

   1. The act alluring; temptation; enticement.

     Though Adam by his wife's allurement fell. Milton.

   2.  That  which  allures;  any  real  or  apparent good held forth, or
   operating,  as a motive to action; as, the allurements of pleasure, or
   of honor.

                                    Allurer

   Al*lur"er (#), n. One who, or that which, allures.

                                   Alluring

   Al*lur"ing,  a.  That  allures;  attracting;  charming;  tempting.  --
   Al*lur"ing*ly, adv. -- Al*lur"ing*ness, n.

                                   Allusion

   Al*lu"sion  (#),  n.  [L.  allusio,  fr.  alludere  to  allude: cf. F.
   allusion.]

   1. A figurative or symbolical reference. [Obs.]

   2.  A  reference to something supposed to be known, but not explicitly
   mentioned; a covert indication; indirect reference; a hint.

                                   Allusive

   Al*lu"sive (#), a.

   1. Figurative; symbolical.

   2.  Having  reference  to something not fully expressed; containing an
   allusion.

                                  Allusively

   Al*lu"sive*ly,  adv.  Figuratively  [Obs.];  by  way  of  allusion; by
   implication, suggestion, or insinuation.

                                 Allusiveness

   Al*lu"sive*ness, n. The quality of being allusive.

                                   Allusory

   Al*lu"so*ry (#), a. Allusive. [R.] Warburton.

                                   Alluvial

   Al*lu"vi*al  (#),  a.  [Cf. F. alluvial. See Alluvion.] Pertaining to,
   contained  in, or composed of, alluvium; relating to the deposits made
   by flowing water; washed away from one place and deposited in another;
   as, alluvial soil, mud, accumulations, deposits.

                                   Alluvion

   Al*lu"vi*on  (#),  n.  [F.  alluvion,  L. alluvio, fr. alluere to wash
   against; ad + luere, equiv. to lavare, to wash. See Lave.]

   1. Wash or flow of water against the shore or bank.

   2. An overflowing; an inundation; a flood. Lyell.

   3.  Matter  deposited by an inundation or the action of flowing water;
   alluvium.

     The golden alluvions are there [in California and Australia] spread
     over  a  far  wider  space: they are found not only on the banks of
     rivers,  and  in  their beds, but are scattered over the surface of
     vast plains. R. Cobden.

   4. (Law) An accession of land gradually washed to the shore or bank by
   the flowing of water. See Accretion.

                                   Alluvious

   Al*lu"vi*ous  (#),  n.  [L.  alluvius.  See  Alluvion.] Alluvial. [R.]
   Johnson.

                                   Alluvium

   Al*lu"vi*um  (#),  n.; pl. E. Alluviums, L. Alluvia (#). [L., neut. of
   alluvius. See Alluvious.] (Geol.) Deposits of earth, sand, gravel, and
   other  transported  matter,  made  by rivers, floods, or other causes,
   upon  land  not  permanently  submerged beneath the waters of lakes or
   seas. Lyell.

                                   Allwhere

   All"where` (#), adv. Everywhere. [Archaic]

                                    Allwork

   All"work`  (#),  n. Domestic or other work of all kinds; as, a maid of
   allwork, that is, a general servant.

                                     Ally

   Al*ly"  (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allied (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Allying.]
   [OE.  alien,  OF.  alier,  F.  alier, fr. L. alligare to bind to; ad +
   ligare to bind. Cf. Alligate, Alloy, Allay, Ligament.]

   1.  To  unite,  or  form  a connection between, as between families by
   marriage,  or  between  princes  and  states  by  treaty,  league,  or
   confederacy; -- often followed by to or with.

     O chief! in blood, and now in arms allied. Pope.

   2.  To  connect or form a relation between by similitude, resemblance,
   friendship, or love.

     These  three  did  love  each  other  dearly well, And with so firm
     affection were allied. Spenser.

     The virtue nearest to our vice allied. Pope.

     NOTE: &hand; Al ly is  ge nerally us ed in  th e pa ssive fo rm or 
     reflexively.

                                     Ally

   Al*ly" (#), n.; pl. Allies (#). [See Ally, v.]

   1. A relative; a kinsman. [Obs.] Shak.

   2.  One  united  to another by treaty or league; -- usually applied to
   sovereigns or states; a confederate.

     The English soldiers and their French allies. Macaulay.

   3. Anything associated with another as a helper; an auxiliary.

     Science,  instead of being the enemy of religion, becomes its ally.
     Buckle.

   4. Anything akin to another by structure, etc.

                                     Ally

   Al"ly (#), n. See Alley, a marble or taw.

                                     Allyl

   Al"lyl  (#),  n. [L. allium garlic + -yl.] (Chem.) An organic radical,
   C3H5, existing especially in oils of garlic and mustard.

                                   Allylene

   Al"ly*lene  (#),  n.  (Chem.)  A gaseous hydrocarbon, C3H4, homologous
   with acetylene; propine. <-- =propyne, CH3.C.CH -->

                                  Alma, Almah

   Al"ma, Al"mah (#), n. Same as Alme.

                                  Almacantar

   Al`ma*can"tar (#), n. (Astron.) (a) Same as Almucantar. (b) A recently
   invented  instrument for observing the heavenly bodies as they cross a
   given almacantar circle. See Almucantar.

                               Almadia, Almadie

   Al`ma*di"a (#), Al"ma*die (#), n. [F. almadie (cf. Sp. & Pg. almadia),
   fr. Ar. alma'd\'c6yah a raft, float.] (Naut.) (a) A bark canoe used by
   the  Africans. (b) A boat used at Calicut, in India, about eighty feet
   long, and six or seven broad.

                                   Almagest

   Al"ma*gest  (#),  n.  [F. almageste, LL. almageste, Ar. al-majist\'c6,
   fr.  Gr.  The celebrated work of Ptolemy of Alexandria, which contains
   nearly all that is known of the astronomical observations and theories
   of the ancients. The name was extended to other similar works.

                                    Almagra

   Al*ma"gra  (#),  n. [Sp. almagra, almagre, fr. Ar. al-maghrah red clay
   or  earth.] A fine, deep red ocher, somewhat purplish, found in Spain.
   It is the sil atticum of the ancients. Under the name of Indian red it
   is used for polishing glass and silver.

                            Almain, Almayne, Alman

   Al"main  (#),  Al"mayne  (#), Al"man (#), n. [OF. Aleman, F. Allemand,
   fr. L. Alemanni, ancient Ger. tribes.] [Obs.]

   1. A German. Also adj., German. Shak.

   2. The German language. J. Foxe.

   3. A kind of dance. See Allemande.
   Almain  rivets, Almayne rivets, or Alman rivets, a sort of light armor
   from  Germany,  characterized by overlapping plates, arranged to slide
   on rivets, and thus afford great flexibility.

                                  Alma Mater

   Al"ma  Ma"ter (#). [L., fostering mother.] A college or seminary where
   one is educated.

                                    Almanac

   Al"ma*nac  (?;  277),  n. [LL. almanac, almanach: cf. F. almanach, Sp.
   almanaque,  It.  almanacco, all of uncertain origin.] A book or table,
   containing  a calendar of days, and months, to which astronomical data
   and  various  statistics  are  often  added,  such as the times of the
   rising  and setting of the sun and moon, eclipses, hours of full tide,
   stated  festivals of churches, terms of courts, etc. Nautical almanac,
   an almanac, or year book, containing astronomical calculations (lunar,
   stellar,  etc.),  and  other information useful to mariners. <-- P. 43
   -->

                                   Almandine

   Al"man*dine  (#),  n.  [LL. almandina, alamandina, for L. alabandina a
   precious  stone,  named  after Alabanda, a town in Caria, where it was
   first  and  chiefly  found:  cf.  F. almandine.] (Min.) The common red
   variety of garnet.

                                  Alme, Almeh

   Al"me,  Al"meh (#), n. [Ar. 'almah (fem.) learned, fr. 'alama to know:
   cf. F. alm\'82e.] An Egyptian dancing girl; an Alma.

     The Almehs lift their arms in dance. Bayard Taylor.

                                   Almendron

   Al`men*dron"  (#), n. [Sp., fr. almendra almond.] The lofty Brazil-nut
   tree.

                                    Almery

   Al"mer*y (#), n. See Ambry. [Obs.]

                                    Almesse

   Alm"esse (#), n. See Alms. [Obs.]

                            Almightful, Almightiful

   Al*might"ful  (#),  Al*might"i*ful  (#),  a.  All-powerful;  almighty.
   [Obs.] Udall.

                                  Almightily

   Al*might"i*ly, adv. With almighty power.

                                 Almightiness

   Al*might"i*ness,   n.   Omnipotence;   infinite  or  boundless  power;
   unlimited might. Jer. Taylor.

                                   Almighty

   Al*might"y  (#),  a.  [AS.  ealmihtig, \'91lmihtig; eal (OE. al) ail +
   mihtig mighty.]

   1. Unlimited in might; omnipotent; all-powerful; irresistible.

     I am the Almighty God. Gen. xvii. 1.

   2. Great; extreme; terrible. [Slang]

     Poor  Aroar  can  not live, and can not die, -- so that he is in an
     almighty fix. De Quincey.

   The Almighty, the omnipotent God. Rev. i. 8.

                                    Almner

   Alm"ner (#), n. An almoner. [Obs.] Spenser.

                                    Almond

   Alm"ond  (#),  n.  [OE.  almande,  almaunde,  alemaunde, F. amande, L.
   amygdala, fr. Gr. almendra. Cf. Amygdalate.]

   1. The fruit of the almond tree.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e di fferent kinds, as bitter, sweet, thin-shelled,
     thick-shelled  almonds,  and  Jordan  almonds,  are the products of
     different  varieties  of  the  one  species,  Amygdalus communis, a
     native of the Mediterranean region and western Asia.

   2. The tree bears the fruit; almond tree.

   3.  Anything  shaped  like an almond. Specifically: (Anat.) One of the
   tonsils.
   Almond  oil,  fixed oil expressed from sweet or bitter almonds. -- Oil
   of  bitter  almonds,  a  poisonous  volatile  oil obtained from bitter
   almonds by maceration and distillation; benzoic aldehyde. -- Imitation
   oil  of  bitter almonds, nitrobenzene. -- Almond tree (Bot.), the tree
   bearing the almond. -- Almond willow (Bot.), a willow which has leaves
   that  are  of a light green on both sides; almond-leaved willow (Salix
   amygdalina). Shenstone.

                                Almond furnace

   Al"mond  fur`nace  (#).  [Prob. a corruption of Almain furnace, i. e.,
   German  furnace.  See  Almain.] A kind of furnace used in refining, to
   separate the metal from cinders and other foreign matter. Chambers.

                                   Almondine

   Al"mon*dine (#), n. See Almandine

                                    Almoner

   Al"mon*er (#), n. [OE. aumener, aulmener, OF. almosnier, aumosnier, F.
   aum\'93nier,  fr. OF. almosne, alms, L. eleemosyna. See Alms.] One who
   distributes  alms,  esp.  the  doles  and  alms  of  religious houses,
   almshouses,  etc.;  also,  one  who dispenses alms for another, as the
   almoner of a prince, bishop, etc.

                                  Almonership

   Al"mon*er*ship, n. The office of an almoner.

                                    Almonry

   Al"mon*ry   (#),   n.;   pl.   Almonries   (#).  [OF.  aumosnerie,  F.
   aum\'93nerie,  fr.  OF.  aumosnier.  See  Almoner.] The place where an
   almoner resides, or where alms are distributed.

                                    Almose

   Al"mose (#), n. Alms. [Obs.] Cheke.

                                    Almost

   Al"most  (#),  adv.  [AS.  ealm\'91st,  \'91lm\'91st,  quite the most,
   almost  all;  eal  (OE. al) all + m most.] Nearly; well nigh; all but;
   for the greatest part.

     Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian. Acts xxvi. 28.

   Almost never, scarcely ever. -- Almost nothing, scarcely anything.

                                     Almry

   Alm"ry (#), n. See Almonry. [Obs.]

                                     Alms

   Alms  (#),  n. sing. & pl. [OE. almes, almesse, AS. \'91lmysse, fr. L.
   eleemosyna, Gr. Almonry, Eleemosynary.] Anything given gratuitously to
   relieve the poor, as money, food, or clothing; a gift of charity.

     A devout man . . . which gave much alms to the people. Acts x. 2.

     Alms are but the vehicles of prayer. Dryden.

   Tenure by free alms. See Frankalmoign. Blackstone.

     NOTE: &hand; Th is word alms is singular in its form (almesse), and
     is sometimes so used; as, "asked an alms." Acts iii. 3."Received an
     alms."  Shak.  It  is now, however, commonly a collective or plural
     noun.  It  is  much  used in composition, as almsgiver, almsgiving,
     alms bag, alms chest, etc.

                                   Almsdeed

   Alms"deed` (#), n. An act of charity. Acts ix. 36.

                                   Almsfolk

   Alms"folk`  (#),  n.  Persons  supported  by  alms; almsmen. [Archaic]
   Holinshed.

                                   Almsgiver

   Alms"giv`er (#), n. A giver of alms.

                                  Almsgiving

   Alms"giv`ing (#), n. The giving of alms.

                                   Almshouse

   Alms"house`  (#),  n.  A house appropriated for the use of the poor; a
   poorhouse.

                                    Almsman

   Alms"man (#), n.; fem. Almswoman.

   1. A recipient of alms. Shak.

   2. A giver of alms. [R.] Halliwell.

                                  Almucantar

   Al`mu*can"tar  (#),  n. [F. almucantarat, almicantarat, ultimately fr.
   Ar.  al-muqantar\'bet,  pl.,  fr.  qantara to bend, arch.] (Astron.) A
   small  circle  of  the  sphere  parallel  to  the horizon; a circle or
   parallel  of  altitude.  Two stars which have the same almucantar have
   the  same  altitude.  See  Almacantar.  [Archaic] Almucanter staff, an
   ancient instrument, having an arc of fifteen degrees, formerly used at
   sea  to  take  observations  of the sun's amplitude at the time of its
   rising or setting, to find the variation of the compass.

                                    Almuce

   Al"muce (#), n. Same as Amice, a hood or cape.

                                    Almude

   Al*mude"  (#), n. [Pg. almude, or Sp. almud, a measure of grain or dry
   fruit,  fr.  Ar.  al-mudd  a  dry  measure.]  A measure for liquids in
   several countries. In Portugal the Lisbon almude is about 4.4, and the
   Oporto  almude about 6.6, gallons U. S. measure. In Turkey the "almud"
   is about 1.4 gallons.

                                 Almug, Algum

   Al"mug  (#),  Al"gum  (#),  n.  [Heb., perh. borrowed fr. Skr. valguka
   sandalwood.]  (Script.) A tree or wood of the Bible (2 Chron. ii. 8; 1
   K. x. 11).

     NOTE: &hand; Mo st wr iters at  the present day follow Celsius, who
     takes  it  to  be  the  red  sandalwood  of  China  and  the Indian
     Archipelago.

   W. Smith.

                                    Alnage

   Al"nage (#), n., [OF. alnage, aulnage, F. aunage, fr. OF. alne ell, of
   Ger.  origin:  cf. OHG. elina, Goth. aleina, cubit. See Ell.] (O. Eng.
   Law)  Measurement  (of  cloth)  by  the  ell;  also,  a  duty for such
   measurement.

                                    Alnager

   Al"na*ger (#), n. [See Alnage.] A measure by the ell; formerly a sworn
   officer  in  England,  whose  duty  was  to inspect act measure woolen
   cloth, and fix upon it a seal.

                                     Aloe

   Al"oe (#), n.; pl. Aloes (#). [L. alo\'89, Gr. aloe, F. alo\'8as.]

   1. pl. The wood of the agalloch. [Obs.] Wyclif.

   2.  (Bot.)  A genus of succulent plants, some classed as trees, others
   as  shrubs,  but the greater number having the habit and appearance of
   evergreen  herbaceous plants; from some of which are prepared articles
   for medicine and the arts. They are natives of warm countries.

   3.  pl.  (Med.) The inspissated juice of several species of aloe, used
   as a purgative. [Plural in form but syntactically singular.]
   American aloe, Century aloe, the agave. See Agave.

                                  Aloes wood

   Al"oes wood` (#). See Agalloch.

                                    Aloetic

   Al`o*et"ic (#), a. [Cf. F. alo\'82tique.] Consisting chiefly of aloes;
   of the nature of aloes.

                                    Aloetic

   Al`o*et"ic, n. A medicine containing chiefly aloes.

                                     Aloft

   A*loft" (?; 115), adv. [Pref. a- + loft, which properly meant air. See
   Loft.]

   1.  On  high; in the air; high above the ground. "He steers his flight
   aloft." Milton.

   2.  (Naut.)  In  the  top; at the mast head, or on the higher yards or
   rigging; overhead; hence (Fig. and Colloq.), in or to heaven.

                                     Aloft

   A*loft", prep. Above; on top of. [Obs.]

     Fresh waters run aloft the sea. Holland.

                                    Alogian

   A*lo"gi*an  (#),  n.  [LL. Alogiani, Alogii, fr. Gr. (Eccl.) One of an
   ancient  sect who rejected St. John's Gospel and the Apocalypse, which
   speak of Christ as the Logos. Shipley.

                                     Alogy

   Al"o*gy (#), n. [L. alogia, Gr. Unreasonableness; absurdity. [Obs.]

                                     Aloin

   Al"o*in (#), n. (Chem.) A bitter purgative principle in aloes.

                                   Alomancy

   Al"o*man`cy  (#),  n.  [Gr.  -mancy:  cf.  F.  alomancie, halomancie.]
   Divination by means of salt. [Spelt also halomancy.] Morin.

                                     Alone

   A*lone"  (#),  a.  [All  +  one. OE. al one all allone, AS. \'ben one,
   alone. See All, One, Lone.]

   1.  Quite  by one's self; apart from, or exclusive of, others; single;
   solitary; -- applied to a person or thing.

     Alone on a wide, wide sea. Coleridge.

     It is not good that the man should be alone. Gen. ii. 18.

   2.  Of  or by itself; by themselves; without any thing more or any one
   else; without a sharer; only.

     Man shall not live by bread alone. Luke iv. 4.

     The citizens alone should be at the expense. Franklin.

   3. Sole; only; exclusive. [R.]

     God,  by  whose alone power and conversation we all live, and move,
     and have our being. Bentley.

   4. Hence; Unique; rare; matchless. Shak.

     NOTE: &hand; The adjective alone commonly follows its noun.

   To  let or leave alone, to abstain from interfering with or molesting;
   to suffer to remain in its present state.
   
                                     Alone
                                       
   A*lone", adv. Solely; simply; exclusively. 

                                    Alonely

   A*lone"ly, adv. Only; merely; singly. [Obs.]

     This  said  spirit was not given alonely unto him, but unto all his
     heirs and posterity. Latimer.

                                    Alonely

   A*lone"ly, a. Exclusive. [Obs.] Fabyan.

                                   Aloneness

   A*lone"ness,   n.   A  state  of  being  alone,  or  without  company;
   solitariness. [R.] Bp. Montagu.

                                     Along

   A*long"  (?;  115), adv. [OE. along, anlong, AS. andlang, along; pref.
   and- (akin to OFris. ond-, OHG. ant-, Ger. ent-, Goth. and-, anda-, L.
   ante, Gr. anti, over against) + lang long. See Long.]

   1. By the length; in a line with the length; lengthwise.

     Some laid along . . . on spokes of wheels are hung. Dryden.

   2. In a line, or with a progressive motion; onward; forward.

     We will go along by the king's highway. Numb. xxi. 22.

     He  struck  with  his  o'ertaking wings, And chased us south along.
     Coleridge.

   3. In company; together.

     He to England shall along with you. Shak.

   All   along,  all  trough  the  course  of;  during  the  whole  time;
   throughout.  "I  have  all along declared this to be a neutral paper."
   Addison. -- To get along, to get on; to make progress, as in business.
   "She 'll get along in heaven better than you or I." Mrs. Stowe.
   
                                     Along
                                       
   A*long",  prep. By the length of, as distinguished from across. "Along
   the lowly lands." Dryden. 

     The kine . . . went along the highway. 1 Sam. vi. 12.

                                     Along

   A*long".  [AS.  gelang  owing to.] (Now heard only in the prep. phrase
   along of.) Along of, Along on, often shortened to Long of, prep. phr.,
   owing  to; on account of. [Obs. or Low. Eng.] "On me is not along thin
   evil  fare."  Chaucer.  "And  all  this  is  long of you." Shak. "This
   increase of price is all along of the foreigners." London Punch.
   
                                  Alongshore
                                       
   A*long"shore` (#), adv. Along the shore or coast.
   
                                 Alongshoreman
                                       
   A*long"shore`man (#), n. See Longshoreman.
   
                                   Alongside
                                       
   A*long"side`  (#),  adv.  Along  or by the side; side by side with; --
   often  with  of;  as,  bring  the  boat  alongside;  alongside of him;
   alongside of the tree.
   
                                    Alongst
                                       
   A*longst"  (?;  115), prep. & adv. [Formed fr. along, like amongst fr.
   among.] Along. [Obs.]
   
                                     Aloof
                                       
   A*loof" (#), n. (Zo\'94l.) Same as Alewife.
   
                                     Aloof
                                       
   A*loof", adv. [Pref. a- + loof, fr. D. loef luff, and so meaning, as a
   nautical word, to the windward. See Loof, Luff.]
   
   1.  At  or  from  a distance, but within view, or at a small distance;
   apart; away.
   
     Our palace stood aloof from streets. Dryden.

   2. Without sympathy; unfavorably.

     To  make  the Bible as from the hand of God, and then to look at it
     aloof and with caution, is the worst of all impieties. I. Taylor.

                                     Aloof

   A*loof" (#), prep. Away from; clear from. [Obs.]

     Rivetus  .  .  .  would  fain  work  himself  aloof these rocks and
     quicksands. Milton.

                                   Aloofness

   A*loof"ness, n. State of being aloof. Rogers (1642).

     The . . . aloofness of his dim forest life. Thoreau.

                               Alopecia, Alopecy

   Al`o*pe"ci*a  (#), A*lop"e*cy (#), n. [L. alopecia, Gr. (med.) Loss of
   the hair; baldness.

                                   Alopecist

   A*lop"e*cist  (#),  n.  A  practitioner  who  tries to prevent or cure
   baldness.

                                     Alose

   A*lose" (#), v. t. [OE. aloser.] To praise. [Obs.]

                                     Alose

   A"lose  (#),  n. [F., fr. L. alosa or alausa.] (Zo\'94l.) The European
   shad  (Clupea  alosa);  --  called also allice shad or allis shad. The
   name  is  sometimes applied to the American shad (Clupea sapidissima).
   See Shad.

                                   Alouatte

   Al`ou*atte"  (#),  n.  [Of  uncertain  origin.]  (Zo\'94l.) One of the
   several species of howling monkeys of South America. See Howler, 2.

                                     Aloud

   A*loud"  (#),  adv.  [Pref.  a-  +  loud.] With a loud voice, or great
   noise; loudly; audibly.

     Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice. Isa. lviii. 1.

                                     Alow

   A*low" (#), adv. [Pref. a- + low.] Below; in a lower part. "Aloft, and
   then alow." Dryden.

                                      Alp

   Alp (#), n. [L. Alpes the Alps, said to be of Celtic origin; cf. Gael.
   alp a high mountain, Ir. ailp any huge mass or lump: cf. F. Alpes.]

   1.  A  very  high  mountain.  Specifically, in the plural, the highest
   chain  of  mountains  in  Europe,  containing  the  lofty mountains of
   Switzerland, etc.

     Nor breath of vernal air from snowy alp. Milton.

     Hills peep o'er hills, and alps on alps arise. Pope.

   2. Fig.: Something lofty, or massive, or very hard to be surmounted.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e plural form Alps is sometimes used as a singular.
     "The Alps doth spit."

   Shak.

                                      Alp

   Alp, n. A bullfinch. Rom. of R.

                                    Alpaca

   Al*pac"a  (#),  n.  [Sp. alpaca, fr. the original Peruvian name of the
   animal. Cf. Paco.]

   1.  (Zo\'94l.) An animal of Peru (Lama paco), having long, fine, wooly
   hair, supposed by some to be a domesticated variety of the llama.

   2. Wool of the alpaca.

   3.  A  thin  kind of cloth made of the wooly hair of the alpaca, often
   mixed with silk or with cotton.

                                     Alpen

   Al"pen (#), a. Of or pertaining to the Alps. [R.] "The Alpen snow." J.
   Fletcher.

                                  Alpenstock

   Al"pen*stock`  (#), n. [G.; Alp, gen. pl. Alpen + stock stick.] A long
   staff, pointed with iron, used in climbing the Alps. Cheever.

                                  Alpestrine

   Al*pes"trine  (#), a. [L. Alpestris.] Pertaining to the Alps, or other
   high mountains; as, Alpestrine diseases, etc.

                                     Alpha

   Al"pha  (#), n. [L. alpha, Gr. 'a`lfa, from Heb. \'beleph, name of the
   first  letter  in  the alphabet, also meaning ox.] The first letter in
   the  Greek  alphabet,  answering  to  A,  and hence used to denote the
   beginning.

     In am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the
     last. Rev. xxii. 13.

     NOTE: Formerly us ed also denote the chief; as, Plato was the alpha
     of the wits.

     NOTE: &hand; In   ca taloguing st ars, th e br ightest st ar of  a 
     constellation in designated by Alpha (a); as, a Lyr\'91.

                                   Alphabet

   Al"pha*bet  (#),  n. [L. alphabetum, fr. Gr. \'beleph and beth: cf. F.
   alphabet.]

   1.  The  letters  of  a  language arranged in the customary order; the
   series  of  letters  or  signs  which  form  the  elements  of written
   language.

   2. The simplest rudiments; elements.

     The very alphabet of our law. Macaulay.

   Deaf and dumb alphabet. See Dactylology.

                                   Alphabet

   Al"pha*bet,  v.  t.  To  designate  by the letters of the alphabet; to
   arrange alphabetically. [R.]

                                 Alphabetarian

   Al`pha*bet*a"ri*an  (#), n. A learner of the alphabet; an abecedarian.
   Abp. Sancroft.

                           Alphabetic, Alphabetical

   Al`pha*bet"ic (#), Al`pha*bet"ic*al (#), a. [Cf. F. alphab\'82tique.]

   1.  Pertaining  to,  furnished with, expressed by, or in the order of,
   the  letters  of  the  alphabet;  as,  alphabetic characters, writing,
   languages, arrangement.

   2. Literal. [Obs.] "Alphabetical servility." Milton.

                                Alphabetically

   Al`pha*bet"ic*al*ly,  adv.  In  an alphabetic manner; in the customary
   order of the letters.

                                  Alphabetics

   Al`pha*bet"ics  (#),  n.  The science of representing spoken sounds by
   letters.

                                  Alphabetism

   Al"pha*bet*ism (#), n. The expression of spoken sounds by an alphabet.
   Encyc. Brit.

                                  Alphabetize

   Al"pha*bet*ize (#), v. t.

   1. To arrange alphabetically; as, to alphabetize a list of words.

   2. To furnish with an alphabet.

                                 Al-phitomancy

   Al-phit"o*man`cy (#), n. [Gr. mancy: cf. F. alphitomancie.] Divination
   by means of barley meal. Knowles.
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                                  Alphonsine

   Al*phon"sine  (#), a. Of or relating to Alphonso X., the Wise, King of
   Castile  (1252-1284).  Alphonsine tables, astronomical tables prepared
   under the patronage of Alphonso the Wise. Whewell.

                                   Alpigene

   Al"pi*gene (#), a. [L. Alpes Alps + -gen.] Growing in Alpine regions.

                                    Alpine

   Al"pine (#), a. [L. Alpinus, fr. Alpes the Alps: cf. F. Alpin.]

   1.  Of or pertaining to the Alps, or to any lofty mountain; as, Alpine
   snows; Alpine plants.

   2. Like the Alps; lofty. "Gazing up an Alpine height." Tennyson.

                                   Alpinist

   Al"pin*ist (#), n. A climber of the Alps.

                                 Alpist, Alpia

   Al"pist  (#), Al"pi*a (#), n. [F.: cf. Sp. & Pg. alpiste.] The seed of
   canary grass (Phalaris Canariensis), used for feeding cage birds.

                                   Alquifou

   Al"qui*fou   (#),   n.   [Equiv.   to  arquifoux,  F.  alquifoux,  Sp.
   alquif\'a2l, fr. the same Arabic word as alcohol. See Alcohol.] A lead
   ore  found  in  Cornwall, England, and used by potters to give a green
   glaze to their wares; potter's ore.

                                    Already

   Al*read"y  (#),  adv.  [All (OE. al) + ready.] Prior to some specified
   time,  either  past,  present,  or  future;  by this time; previously.
   "Joseph was in Egypt already." Exod. i. 5.

     I say unto you, that Elias is come already. Matt. xvii. 12.

     NOTE: &hand; It  ha s reference to past time, but may be used for a
     future  past;  as,  when  you  shall  arrive,  the business will be
     already completed, or will have been already completed.

                                      Als

   Als (#), adv.

   1. Also. [Obs.] Chaucer.

   2. As. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                   Alsatian

   Al*sa"tian (#), a. Pertaining to Alsatia.

                                   Alsatian

   Al*sa"tian,  n.  An  inhabitant of Alsatia or Alsace in Germany, or of
   Alsatia or White Friars (a resort of debtors and criminals) in London.

                                   Al segno

   Al`  se"gno (#). [It., to the mark or sign.](Mus.) A direction for the
   performer to return and recommence from the sign

                                    Alsike

   Al"sike  (#),  n.  [From  Alsike, in Sweden.] A species of clover with
   pinkish or white flowers; Trifolium hybridum.

                                     Also

   Al"so  (#),  adv.  &  conj. [All + so. OE. al so, AS. ealsw\'be, alsw,
   \'91lsw\'91; eal, al, \'91l, all + sw\'be so. See All, So, As.]

   1. In like manner; likewise. [Obs.]

   2. In addition; besides; as well; further; too.

     Lay  up  for  yourselves  treasures  in heaven . . . for where your
     treasure is, there will your heart be also. Matt. vi. 20.

   3. Even as; as; so. [Obs.] Chaucer. Syn. -- Also, Likewise, Too. These
   words  are  used  by  way  of  transition,  in leaving one thought and
   passing  to  another.  Also  is  the widest term. It denotes that what
   follows  is  all  so,  or entirely like that which preceded, or may be
   affirmed  with  the  same  truth;  as, "If you were there, I was there
   also;"  "If  our  situation  has  some  discomforts,  it has also many
   sources  of  enjoyment."  Too  is  simply less formal and pointed than
   also;  it  marks the transition with a lighter touch; as, "I was there
   too;" "a courtier yet a patriot too." Pope. Likewise denotes literally
   "in  like  manner,"  and  hence  has  been  thought by some to be more
   specific  than  also.  "It implies," says Whately, "some connection or
   agreement  between the words it unites. We may say, \'bf He is a poet,
   and likewise a musician; ' but we should not say, \'bf He is a prince,
   and  likewise  a  musician,'  because  there  is no natural connection
   between   these   qualities."  This  distinction,  however,  is  often
   disregarded.

                                      Alt

   Alt  (#), a. & n. [See Alto.] (Mus.) The higher part of the scale. See
   Alto. To be in alt, to be in an exalted state of mind.

                                Altaian, Altaic

   Al*ta"ian (#), Al*ta"ic (#), a. [Cf. F. alta\'8bque.] Of or pertaining
   to the Altai, a mountain chain in Central Asia.

                                     Altar

   Al"tar  (#), n. [OE. alter, auter, autier, fr. L. altare, pl. altaria,
   altar,  prob.  fr.  altus  high:  cf. OF. alter, autier, F. autel. Cf.
   Altitude.]

   1.  A  raised  structure  (as  a square or oblong erection of stone or
   wood) on which sacrifices are offered or incense burned to a deity.

     Noah builded an altar unto the Lord. Gen. viii. 20.

   2.  In  the  Christian church, a construction of stone, wood, or other
   material  for  the  celebration  of  the Holy Eucharist; the communion
   table.

     NOTE: &hand; Al tar is  much used adjectively, or as the first part
     of a compound; as, altar bread or altar-bread.

   Altar  cloth  or  Altar-cloth,  the  cover for an altar in a Christian
   church,  usually  richly embroidered. -- Altar cushion, a cushion laid
   upon  the  altar in a Christian church to support the service book. --
   Altar frontal. See Frontal. -- Altar rail, the railing in front of the
   altar  or  communion table. -- Altar screen, a wall or partition built
   behind  an  altar  to  protect  it from approach in the rear. -- Altar
   tomb, a tomb resembling an altar in shape, etc. -- Family altar, place
   of  family  devotions. -- To lead (as a bride) to the altar, to marry;
   -- said of a woman.

                                   Altarage

   Al"tar*age (#), n. [Cf. OF. auterage, autelage.]

   1. The offerings made upon the altar, or to a church.

   2.  The  profit  which  accrues to the priest, by reason of the altar,
   from the small tithes. Shipley.

                                   Altarist

   Al"tar*ist  (#), n. [Cf. LL. altarista, F. altariste.] (Old Law) (a) A
   chaplain. (b) A vicar of a church.

                                  Altarpiece

   Al"tar*piece`  (#),  n.  The  painting or piece of sculpture above and
   behind the altar; reredos.

                                   Altarwise

   Al"tar*wise` (#), adv. In the proper position of an altar, that is, at
   the  east  of  a  church  with  its  ends towards the north and south.
   Shipley.

                                  Altazimuth

   Alt*az"i*muth (#), n. [Alltude + azimuth.] (Astron.) An instrument for
   taking azimuths and altitudes simultaneously.

                                     Alter

   Al"ter  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Altered  (#);  p. pr. & vb. n.
   Altering.]  [F.  alt\'82rer,  LL.  alterare, fr. L. alter other, alius
   other. Cf. Else, Other.]

   1.  To  make otherwise; to change in some respect, either partially or
   wholly;  to  vary;  to modify. "To alter the king's course." "To alter
   the  condition  of  a  man."  "No power in Venice can alter a decree."
   Shak.

     It gilds all objects, but it alters none. Pope.

     My  covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out
     of my lips. Ps. lxxxix. 34.

   2. To agitate; to affect mentally. [Obs.] Milton.

   3. To geld. [Colloq.] Syn. -- Change, Alter. Change is generic and the
   stronger  term. It may express a loss of identity, or the substitution
   of  one  thing in place of another; alter commonly expresses a partial
   change, or a change in form or details without destroying identity.

                                     Alter

   Al"ter,  v.  i.  To  become,  in some respects, different; to vary; to
   change;  as,  the weather alters almost daily; rocks or minerals alter
   by  exposure. "The law of the Medes and Persians, which altereth not."
   Dan. vi. 8.

                                 Alterability

   Al`ter*a*bil"i*ty  (#), n. [Cf. F. alt\'82rabilit\'82.] The quality of
   being alterable; alterableness.

                                   Alterable

   Al"ter*a*ble (#), a. [Cf. F. alt\'82rable.] Capable of being altered.

     Our  condition in this world is mutable and uncertain, alterable by
     a thousand accidents. Rogers.

                                 Alterableness

   Al"ter*a*ble*ness,  n.  The  quality of being alterable; variableness;
   alterability.

                                   Alterably

   Al"ter*a*bly, adv. In an alterable manner.

                                   Alterant

   Al"ter*ant  (#),  a.  [LL.  alterans,  p.  pr.:  cf.  F. alt\'82rant.]
   Altering; gradually changing. Bacon.

                                   Alterant

   Al"ter*ant, n. An alterative. [R.] Chambers.

                                  Alteration

   Al`ter*a"tion (#), n. [Cf. F. alt\'82ration.]

   1. The act of altering or making different.

     Alteration,  though  it  be  from  worse  to  better,  hath  in  it
     incoveniences. Hooker.

   2.  The state of being altered; a change made in the form or nature of
   a thing; changed condition.

     Ere long might perceive Strange alteration in me. Milton.

     Appius  Claudius  admitted  to the senate the sons of those who had
     been  slaves;  by  which,  and succeeding alterations, that council
     degenerated into a most corrupt. Swift.

                                  Alterative

   Al"ter*a*tive  (#),  a. [L. alterativus: cf. F. alt\'82ratif.] Causing
   ateration.  Specifically:  Gradually changing, or tending to change, a
   morbid state of the functions into one of health. Burton.

                                  Alterative

   Al"ter*a*tive,  n.  A  medicine or treatment which gradually induces a
   change, and restores healthy functions without sensible evacuations.

                                   Altercate

   Al"ter*cate  (#),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p. p. Altercated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Altercating.] [L. altercatus, p. p. of altercare, altercari, fr. alter
   another. See Alter.] The contend in words; to dispute with zeal, heat,
   or anger; to wrangle.

                                  Altercation

   Al`ter*ca"tion  (?; 277), n. [F. altercation, fr. L. altercatio.] Warm
   contention   in   words;  dispute  carried  on  with  heat  or  anger;
   controversy;  wrangle; wordy contest. "Stormy altercations." Macaulay.
   Syn.  --  Altercation,  Dispute,  Wrangle. The term dispute is in most
   cases, but not necessarily, applied to a verbal contest; as, a dispute
   on  the  lawfulness of war. An altercation is an angry dispute between
   two parties, involving an interchange of severe language. A wrangle is
   a confused and noisy altercation.

     Their  whole  life  was  little else than a perpetual wrangling and
     altercation. Hakewill.

                                  Altercative

   Al"ter*ca*tive  (#),  a.  Characterized  by  wrangling; scolding. [R.]
   Fielding.

                                   Alterity

   Al*ter"i*ty (#), n. [F. alt\'82rit\'82.] The state or quality of being
   other; a being otherwise. [R.]

     For  outness  is  but  the feeling of otherness (alterity) rendered
     intuitive, or alterity visually represented. Coleridge.

                                    Altern

   Al"tern  (#),  a.  [L.  alternus,  fr. alter another: cf. F. alterne.]
   Acting by turns; alternate. Milton. Altern base (Trig.), a second side
   made base, in distinction from a side previously regarded as base.

                                   Alternacy

   Al*ter"na*cy (#), n. Alternateness; alternation. [R.] Mitford.

                                   Alternant

   Al*ter"nant  (#),  a.  [L.  alternans,  p.  pr.: cf. F. alternant. See
   Alternate, v. t.] (Geol.) Composed of alternate layers, as some rocks.

                                   Alternate

   Al*ter"nate  (?;  277),  a.  [L.  alternatus,  p. p. of alternate, fr.
   alternus. See Altern, Alter.]

   1. Being or succeeding by turns; one following the other in succession
   of  time  or  place;  by  turns  first  one and then the other; hence,
   reciprocal.

     And bid alternate passions fall and rise. Pope.

   2.  Designating  the  members  in  a series, which regularly intervene
   between  the  members of another series, as the odd or even numbers of
   the  numerals; every other; every second; as, the alternate members 1,
   3, 5, 7, etc. ; read every alternate line.

   3.  (Bot.)  Distributed, as leaves, singly at different heights of the
   stem, and at equal intervals as respects angular divergence. Gray.
   Alternate alligation. See Alligation. -- Alternate angles (Geom.), the
   internal  and angles made by two lines with a third, on opposite sides
   of  it.  It  the  parallels AB, CD, are cut by the line EF, the angles
   AGH, GHD, as also the angles BGH and GHC, are called alternate angles.
   -- Alternate generation. (Biol.) See under Generation.

                                   Alternate

   Al*ter"nate (?; 277), n.

   1. That which alternates with something else; vicissitude. [R.]

     Grateful alternates of substantial. Prior.

   2.  A  substitute;  one  designated  to  take the place of another, if
   necessary, in performing some duty.

   3.   (Math.)   A   proportion   derived  from  another  proportion  by
   interchanging the means.

                                   Alternate

   Al"ter*nate  (?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alternated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Alternating.]  [L.  alternatus,  p.  p.  of alternare. See Altern.] To
   perform  by  turns, or in succession; to cause to succeed by turns; to
   interchange regularly.

     The  most  high God, in all things appertaining unto this life, for
     sundry wise ends alternates the disposition of good and evil. Grew.

                                   Alternate

   Al"ter*nate, v. i.

   1.  To  happen,  succeed,  or  act by turns; to follow reciprocally in
   place  or  time;  --  followed  by  with;  as, the flood and ebb tides
   alternate with each other.

     Rage, shame, and grief alternate in his breast. J. Philips.

     Different species alternating with each other. Kirwan.

   2.  To  vary by turns; as, the land alternates between rocky hills and
   sandy plains.

                                  Alternately

   Al*ter"nate*ly (#), adv.

   1. In reciprocal succession; succeeding by turns; in alternate order.

   2.  (Math.) By alternation; when, in a proportion, the antecedent term
   is compared with antecedent, and consequent.

                                 Alternateness

   Al*ter"nate*ness,  n.  The quality of being alternate, or of following
   by turns.

                                  Alternation

   Al`ter*na"tion (#), n. [L. alternatio: cf. F. alternation.]

   1.  The  reciprocal  succession of things in time or place; the act of
   following   and   being   followed  by  turns;  alternate  succession,
   performance, or occurrence; as, the alternation of day and night, cold
   and heat, summer and winter, hope and fear.

   2. (Math.) Permutation.

   3.  The  response  of  the  congregation speaking alternately with the
   minister. Mason.
   Alternation of generation. See under Generation.

                                  Alternative

   Al*ter"na*tive (#), a. [Cf. F. alternatif.]

   1. Offering a choice of two things.

   2. Disjunctive; as, an alternative conjunction.

   3. Alternate; reciprocal. [Obs.] Holland.

                                  Alternative

   Al*ter"na*tive, n. [Cf. F. alternative, LL. alternativa.]

   1. An offer of two things, one of which may be chosen, but not both; a
   choice  between two things, so that if one is taken, the other must be
   left.

     There  is  something  else  than  the  mere alternative of absolute
     destruction or unreformed existence. Burke.

   2.  Either of two things or propositions offered to one's choice. Thus
   when  two things offer a choice of one only, the two things are called
   alternatives.

     Having  to  choose  between  two  alternatives, safety and war, you
     obstinately prefer the worse. Jowett (Thucyd. ).

   3. The course of action or the thing offered in place of another.

     If this demand is refused the alternative is war. Lewis.

     With no alternative but death. Longfellow.

   4.  A  choice  between  more  than  two  things; one of several things
   offered to choose among.

     My decided preference is for the fourth and last of thalternatives.
     Gladstone.

                                 Alternatively

   Al*ter"na*tive*ly,  adv. In the manner of alternatives, or that admits
   the choice of one out of two things.

                                Alternativeness

   Al*ter"na*tive*ness,  n.  The  quality  of  being  alternative,  or of
   offering a choice between two.

                                   Alternity

   Al*ter"ni*ty   (#),   n.   [LL.   alternitas.]  Succession  by  turns;
   alternation. [R.] Sir T. Browne.

                               Alth\'91a, Althea

   Al*th\'91"a,  Al*the"a  (#),  n.  [althaea,  Gr. (Bot.) (a) A genus of
   plants  of  the Mallow family. It includes the officinal marsh mallow,
   and the garden hollyhocks. (b) An ornamental shrub (Hibiscus Syriacus)
   of the Mallow family.

                                   Altheine

   Al*the"ine (#), n. (Chem.) Asparagine.

                                     Altho

   Al*tho"  (#),  conj.  Although.  [Reformed spelling] Alt"horn` (#), n.
   [Alt  +  horn.]  (Mus.)  An  instrument  of  the  saxhorn family, used
   exclusively in military music, often replacing the French horn. Grove.

                                   Although

   Al*though" (#), conj. [All + though; OE. al thagh.] Grant all this; be
   it that; supposing that; notwithstanding; though.

     Although all shall be offended, yet will no I. Mark xiv. 29.

   Syn.  -- Although, Though. Although, which originally was perhaps more
   emphatic  than  though,  is  now  interchangeable with it in the sense
   given above. Euphonic consideration determines the choice.

                                 Altiloquence

   Al*til"o*quence (#), n. Lofty speech; pompous language. [R.] Bailey.

                                  Altiloquent

   Al*til"o*quent (#), a. [L. altus (adv. alte) high + loquens, p. pr. of
   loqui to speak.] High-sounding; pompous in speech. [R.] Bailey.

                                   Altimeter

   Al*tim"e*ter  (#),  n.  [LL.  altimeter;  altus  high  +  metrum,  Gr.
   altim\'8atre.]  An  instrument  for  taking  altitudes, as a quadrant,
   sextant, etc. Knight.

                                   Altimetry

   Al*tim"e*try  (#),  n.  [Cf.  F.  altim\'82trie.] The art of measuring
   altitudes, or heights.

                                   Altincar

   Al*tin"car (#), n. See Tincal.

                                   Altiscope

   Al"ti*scope  (#), n. [L. altus high + Gr. An arrangement of lenses and
   mirrors  which  enables  a  person  to  see  an  object  in  spite  of
   intervening objects. <-- p. 45 -->

                                  Altisonant

   Al*tis"o*nant  (#),  a.  [L.  altus high + sonans, p. pr. of sonare to
   sound.] High-sounding; lofty or pompous. Skelton.

                                  Altisonous

   Al*tis"o*nous (#), a. [L. altisonus.] Altisonant.

                                   Altissimo

   Al*tis"si*mo  (#), n. [It.; superl. of alto.] (Mus.) The part or notes
   situated above F in alt.

                                   Altitude

   Al"ti*tude  (#),  n. [L. altitudo, fr. altus high. Cf. Altar, Haughty,
   Enhance.]

   1.  Space  extended  upward; height; the perpendicular elevation of an
   object above its foundation, above the ground, or above a given level,
   or  of one object above another; as, the altitude of a mountain, or of
   a bird above the top of a tree.

   2.  (Astron.)  The  elevation  of a point, or star, or other celestial
   object,  above  the  horizon, measured by the arc of a vertical circle
   intercepted  between  such point and the horizon. It is either true or
   apparent;  true  when  measured  from  the  rational  or real horizon,
   apparent when from the sensible or apparent horizon.

   3. (Geom.) The perpendicular distance from the base of a figure to the
   summit,  or  to  the  side parallel to the base; as, the altitude of a
   triangle, pyramid, parallelogram, frustum, etc.

   4. Height of degree; highest point or degree.

     He is [proud] even to the altitude of his virtue. Shak.

   5. Height of rank or excellence; superiority. Swift.

   6.   pl.  Elevation  of  spirits;  heroics;  haughty  airs.  [Colloq.]
   Richardson.

     The man of law began to get into his altitude. Sir W. Scott.

   Meridian  altitude,  an  arc  of  the meridian intercepted between the
   south  point  on  the  horizon  and  any  point  on  the meridian. See
   Meridian, 3.

                                  Altitudinal

   Al`ti*tu"di*nal  (#),  a.  Of or pertaining to height; as, altitudinal
   measurements.

                                Altitudinarian

   Al`ti*tu`di*na"ri*an  (#),  a.  Lofty  in  doctrine,  aims,  etc. [R.]
   Coleridge.

                                  Altivolant

   Al*tiv"o*lant (#), a. [L. altivolans. See Volant.] Flying high. [Obs.]
   Blount.

                                     Alto

   Al"to (#), n.; pl. Altos (#). [It. alto high, fr. L. altus. Cf. Alt.]

   1.   (Mus.)   Formerly   the   part  sung  by  the  highest  male,  or
   counter-tenor,  voices;  now  the  part  sung by the lowest female, or
   contralto, voices, between in tenor and soprano. In instrumental music
   it now signifies the tenor.

   2. An alto singer.
   Alto clef (Mus.) the counter-tenor clef, or the C clef, placed so that
   the two strokes include the middle line of the staff. Moore.

                                  Altogether

   Al`to*geth"er  (#),  adv. [OE. altogedere; al all + togedere together.
   See Together.]

   1. All together; conjointly. [Obs.]

     Altogether they wenChaucer.

   2. Without exception; wholly; completely.

     Every man at his best state is altogether vanity. Ps. xxxix. 5.

                                   Altometer

   Al*tom"e*ter (#), n. [L. altus high + -meter.] A theodolite. Knight.

                                 Alto-relievo

   Al"to-re*lie"vo (#), n. Alto-rilievo.

                                 Alto-rilievo

   Al"to-ri*lie*vo  (#),  n.;  pl. Alto-rilievos (#). [It.] (Sculp.) High
   relief;  sculptured  work  in which the figures project more than half
   their   thickness;   as,   this   figure  is  an  alto-rilievo  or  in
   alto-rilievo.

     NOTE: &hand; Wh en th e fi gure st ands only half out, it is called
     mezzo-rilievo,  demi-rilievo, or medium relief; when its projection
     is less than one half, basso-rilievo, bas-relief, or low relief.

                                   Altrical

   Al"tri*cal (#), a. (Zo\'94l.) Like the articles.

                                   Altrices

   Al*tri"ces  (#),  n.  pl.  [L.,  nourishes, pl. of altrix.] (Zo\'94l.)
   Nursers, -- a term applied to those birds whose young are hatched in a
   very  immature  and  helpless  condition, so as to require the care of
   their parents for some time; -- opposed to pr\'91coces.

                                   Altruism

   Al"tru*ism (#), n. [F. altruisme (a word of Comte's), It. altrui of or
   to  others, fr. L. alter another.] Regard for others, both natural and
   moral;  devotion  to  the  interests of others; brotherly kindness; --
   opposed to egoism or selfishness. [Recent] J. S. Mill.

                                   Altruist

   Al"tru*ist, n. One imbued with altruism; -- opposed to egoist.

                                  Altruistic

   Al`tru*is"tic  (#), a. [Cf. F. altruiste, a. See Altruism..] Regardful
   of  others;  beneficent; unselfish; -- opposed to egoistic or selfish.
   Bain. -- Al`tru*is"tic*al*ly, adv.

                                    Aludel

   Al"u*del (#), n. [F. & Sp. aludel, fr. Ar. aluth\'bel.] (Chem.) One of
   the  pear-shaped pots open at both ends, and so formed as to be fitted
   together, the neck of one into the bottom of another in succession; --
   used in the process of sublimation. Ure.

                                     Alula

   Al"u*la  (#),  n.  [NL., dim. of L. ala a wing.] (Zo\'94l.) A false or
   bastard wing. See under Bastard.

                                    Alular

   Al"u*lar (#), a. (Zo\'94l.) Pertaining to the alula.

                                     Alum

   Al"um (#), n. [OE. alum, alom, OF. alum, F. alun, fr. L. alumen alum.]
   (Chem.)  A  double sulphate formed of aluminium and some other element
   (esp.  an  alkali metal) or of aluminium. It has twenty-four molecules
   of water of crystallization.

     NOTE: &hand; Co mmon al um is  the double sulphate of aluminium and
     potassium.   It   is   white,  transparent,  very  astringent,  and
     crystallizes  easily  in octahedrons. The term is extended so as to
     include other double sulphates similar to alum in formula.

                                     Alum

   Al"um (#), v. t. To steep in, or otherwise impregnate with, a solution
   of alum; to treat with alum. Ure.

                                    Alumen

   A*lu"men (#), n. [L.] (Chem.) Alum.

                                    Alumina

   A*lu"mi*na (#), n. [L. alumen, aluminis. See Alum.] (Chem.) One of the
   earths,  consisting  of  two  parts  of aluminium and three of oxygen,
   Al2O3.

     NOTE: &hand; It  is  th e oxide of the metal aluminium, the base of
     aluminous  salts,  a  constituent  of  a  large  part of the earthy
     siliceous  minerals, as the feldspars, micas, scapolites, etc., and
     the characterizing ingredient of common clay, in which it exists as
     an  impure silicate with water, resulting from the decomposition of
     other  aluminous  minerals. In its natural state, it is the mineral
     corundum.

   <--  obtained  commercially  from  the mineral bauxite, mined in large
   quantities. -->

                                   Aluminate

   A*lu`mi*nate  (#),  n.  (Chem.)  A compound formed from the hydrate of
   aluminium by the substitution of a metal for the hydrogen.

                                  Aluminated

   A*lu"mi*na`ted (#). a. Combined with alumina.

                                    Alumine

   Al"u*mine (#), n. [F.] Alumina. Davy.

                                   Aluminic

   Al`u*min"ic   (#),   a.  Of  or  containing  aluminium;  as,  aluminic
   phosphate.

                                 Aluminiferous

   A*lu`mi*nif"er*ous   (#),  a.  [L.  alumen  alum  +  -ferous:  cf.  F.
   aluminif\'8are.] Containing alum.

                                  Aluminiform

   A*lu"mi*ni*form  (#),  a.  [L. alumen + -form.] pertaining the form of
   alumina.

                                   Aluminium

   Al`u*min"i*um (#), n. [L. alumen. See Alum.] (Chem.) The metallic base
   of  alumina.  This  metal  is  white,  but with a bluish tinge, and is
   remarkable  for  its  resistance  to oxidation, and for its lightness,
   pertaining  a  specific  gravity  of  about  2.6. Atomic weight 27.08.
   Symbol  Al.  Aluminium  bronze  or  gold, a pale gold-colored alloy of
   aluminium and copper, used for journal bearings, etc.

                                   Aluminize

   A*lu"mi*nize (#), v. t. To treat impregnate with alum; to alum.

                                   Aluminous

   A*lu"mi*nous   (#),  a.  [L.  aluminosus,  fr.  alumen  alum:  cf.  F.
   alumineux.]   Pertaining  to  or  containing  alum,  or  alumina;  as,
   aluminous minerals, aluminous solution.

                                   Aluminum

   A*lu"mi*num (#), n. See Aluminium.

                                    Alumish

   Al"um*ish (#), a. Somewhat like alum.

                                    Alumna

   A*lum"na  (#), n. fem.; pl. Alumn\'91 (#) . [L. See Alumnus.] A female
   pupil; especially, a graduate of a school or college.

                                    Alumnus

   A*lum"nus  (#),  n.;  pl.  Alumni  (#).  [L., fr. alere to nourish.] A
   pupil;  especially,  a  graduate  of  a  college  or other seminary of
   learning.

                                   Alum root

   Al"um  root` (#). (Bot.) A North American herb (Heuchera Americana) of
   the Saxifrage family, whose root has astringent properties.

                            Alum schist, Alum shale

   Al"um schist" (#), Al"um shale" (#), (Min.) A variety of shale or clay
   slate,  containing  iron  pyrites, the decomposition of which leads to
   the formation of alum, which often effloresces on the rock.

                                  Alum stone

   Al"um stone` (#). (Min.) A subsulphate of alumina and potash; alunite.

                                    Alunite

   Al"u*nite (#), n. (Min.) Alum stone.

                                   Alunogen

   A*lu"no*gen  (#),  n.  [F.  alun  alum + -gen.] (Min.) A white fibrous
   mineral  frequently  found on the walls of mines and quarries, chiefly
   hydrous  sulphate  of  alumina;  -- also called feather alum, and hair
   salt.

                                     Alure

   Al"ure  (#), n. [OF. alure, aleure, walk, gait, fr. aler (F. aller) to
   go.] A walk or passage; -- applied to passages of various kinds.

     The sides of every street were covered with fresh alures of marble.
     T. Warton.

                                  Alutaceous

   Al"u*ta"ceous (#), a. [L. alutacius, fr. aluta soft leather.]

   1. Leathery.

   2. Of a pale brown color; leather-yellow. Brande.

                                   Alutation

   Al`u*ta"tion  (#),  n.  [See  Alutaceous.]  The tanning or dressing of
   leather. [Obs.] Blount.

                                    Alveary

   Al"ve*a*ry  (#),  n.;  pl.  Alvearies  (#).  [L.  alvearium,  alveare,
   beehive,  fr.  alveus  a  hollow  vessel,  beehive,  from alvus belly,
   beehive.]

   1. A beehive, or something resembling a beehive. Barret.

   2. (Anat.) The hollow of the external ear. Quincy.

                                   Alveated

   Al"ve*a`ted (#), a. [L. alveatus hollowed out.] Formed or vaulted like
   a beehive.

                                   Alveolar

   Al"ve*o*lar (?; 277), a. [L. alveolus a small hollow or cavity: cf. F.
   alv\'82olaire.]  (Anat.)  Of, pertaining to, or resembling, alveoli or
   little  cells,  sacs, or sockets. Alveolar processes, the processes of
   the maxillary bones, containing the sockets of the teeth.

                                   Alveolary

   Al"ve*o*la*ry (#), a. Alveolar. [R.]

                                   Alveolate

   Al"ve*o*late  (#),  a.  [L.  alveolatus,  fr. alveolus.] (Bot.) Deeply
   pitted, like a honeycomb.

                                    Alveole

   Al"ve*ole (#), n. Same as Alveolus.

                                  Alveoliform

   Al*ve"o*li*form  (#),  a.  [L.  alvelous  + -form.] Having the form of
   alveoli, or little sockets, cells, or cavities.

                                   Alveolus

   Al*ve"o*lus  (#),  n.; pl. Alveoli (#). [L., a small hollow or cavity,
   dim. of alveus: cf. F. alv\'82ole. See Alveary.]

   1. A cell in a honeycomb.

   2. (Zo\'94l.) A small cavity in a coral, shell, or fossil

   3.  (Anat.)  A  small  depression, sac, or vesicle, as the socket of a
   tooth,  the  air  cells of the lungs, the ultimate saccules of glands,
   etc.

                                    Alveus

   Al"ve*us (#), n.; pl. Alvei (#). [L.] The channel of a river. Weate.

                                    Alvine

   Al"vine  (#),  a.  [L.  alvus  belly:  cf. F. alvin.] Of, from, in, or
   pertaining  to,  the  belly  or the intestines; as, alvine discharges;
   alvine concretions.

                                     Alway

   Al"way (#), adv. Always. [Archaic or Poetic]

     I would not live alway. Job vii. 16.

                                    Always

   Al"ways (#), adv. [All + way. The s is an adverbial (orig. a genitive)
   ending.]

   1.  At all times; ever; perpetually; throughout all time; continually;
   as, God is always the same.

     Even in Heaven his [Mammon's] looks and thoughts. Milton.

   2.   Constancy  during  a  certain  period,  or  regularly  at  stated
   intervals;   invariably;   uniformly;   --  opposed  to  sometimes  or
   occasionally.

     He always rides a black galloway. Bulwer.

                                    Alyssum

   A*lys"sum  (#), n. [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) A genus of cruciferous plants;
   madwort.  The  sweet  alyssum (A. maritimum), cultivated for bouquets,
   bears small, white, sweet-scented flowers.

                                      Am

   Am  (#).  [AS.  am,  eom,  akin to Gothic im, Icel. em, Olr. am, Lith.
   esmi,  L. sum., Gr. ahmi, Skr. asmi, fr. a root as to be. Are, and cf.
   Be,  Was.] The first person singular of the verb be, in the indicative
   mode, present tense. See Be.

     God said unto Moses, I am that am. Exod. iii. 14.

                                   Amability

   Am`a*bil"i*ty (#), n. [L. amabilitas.] Lovableness. Jer. Taylor.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e New English Dictionary (Murray) says this word is
     "usefully distinct from Amiability."

                                   Amacratic

   Am`a*crat"ic (#), a. [Gr. (Photog.) Amasthenic. Sir J. Herschel.

                                   Amadavat

   Am`a*da*vat"  (#),  n. [Indian name. From Ahmedabad, a city from which
   it  was  imported to Europe.] (Zo\'94l.) The strawberry finch, a small
   Indian  song  bird  (Estrelda  amandava),  commonly caged and kept for
   fighting.  The  female  is  olive  brown;  the male, in summer, mostly
   crimson;  --  called  also  red  waxbill.  [Written  also amaduvad and
   avadavat.]

                                    Amadou

   Am"a*dou  (#), n. [F. amadou tinder, prop. lure, bait, fr. amadouer to
   allure,  caress,  perh.  fr.  Icel.  mata to feed, which is akin to E.
   meat.]  A spongy, combustible substance, prepared from fungus (Boletus
   and  Polyporus)  which grows on old trees; German tinder; punk. It has
   been  employed  as  a  styptic  by  surgeons, but its common use is as
   tinder,  for  which  purpose  it is prepared by soaking it in a strong
   solution of niter. Ure.

                                     Amain

   A*main" (#), adv. [Pref. a- + main. See 2d Main, n.]

   1. With might; with full force; vigorously; violently; exceedingly.

     They  on the hill, which were not yet come to blows, perceiving the
     fewness of their enemies, came down amain. Milton.

     That  striping  giant,  ill-bred  and  scoffing,  shouts  amain. T.
     Parker.

   2.  At  full  speed; in great haste; also, at once. "They fled amain."
   Holinshed.

                                     Amain

   A*main", v. t. [F. amener. See Amenable.] (Naut.) To lower, as a sail,
   a yard, etc.

                                     Amain

   A*main", v. i. (Naut.) To lower the topsail, in token of surrender; to
   yield.

                                    Amalgam

   A*mal"gam (#), n. [F. amalgame, prob. fr. L. malagma, Gr.

   1. An alloy of mercury with another metal or metals; as, an amalgam of
   tin, bismuth, etc.

     NOTE: &hand; Medalists apply the term to soft alloys generally.

   2. A mixture or compound of different things.

   3. (Min.) A native compound of mercury and silver.

                                    Amalgam

   A*mal"gam, v. t. [Cf. F. amalgamer] To amalgamate. Boyle. B. Jonson.

                                   Amalgama

   A*mal"ga*ma (#), n. Same as Amalgam.

     They  divided  this  their  amalgama  into  a  number of incoherent
     republics. Burke.

                                  Amalgamate

   A*mal"ga*mate  (#),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Amalgamated; p. pr. & vb. n.
   Amalgamating.]

   1.  To  compound or mix, as quicksilver, with another metal; to unite,
   combine, or alloy with mercury.

   2.  To mix, so as to make a uniform compound; to unite or combine; as,
   to amalgamate two races; to amalgamate one race with another.

     Ingratitude  is  indeed  their  four cardinal virtues compacted and
     amalgamated into one. Burke.

                                  Amalgamate

   A*mal"ga*mate, v. i.

   1.   To  unite  in  an  amalgam;  to  blend  with  another  metal,  as
   quicksilver.

   2.  To  coalesce,  as  a  result  of growth; to combine into a uniform
   whole; to blend; as, two organs or parts amalgamate.

                            Amalgamate, Amalgamated

   A*mal"ga*mate   (#),   A*mal"ga*ma`ted   (#),  a.  Coalesced;  united;
   combined.

                                 Amalgamation

   A*mal`ga*ma"tion (#), n. [Cf. F. amalgamation.]

   1.  The act or operation of compounding mercury with another metal; --
   applied particularly to the process of separating gold and silver from
   their ores by mixing them with mercury. Ure.

   2.  The  mixing  or  blending of different elements, races, societies,
   etc.;  also, the result of such combination or blending; a homogeneous
   union. Macaulay.

                                 Amalgamative

   A*mal"ga*ma*tive (#), a. Characterized by amalgamation.

                                  Amalgamator

   A*mal"ga*ma`tor   (#),   n.  One  who,  or  that  which,  amalgamates.
   Specifically:  A  machine  for  separating precious metals from earthy
   particles  by  bringing  them  in  contact with a body of mercury with
   which they form an amalgam.

                                  Amalgamize

   A*mal"ga*mize (#), v. t. To amalgamate. [R.]

                                   Amandine

   A*man"dine (#), n. [F. amande almond. See Almond.]

   1. The vegetable casein of almonds.

   2. A kind of cold cream prepared from almonds, for chapped hands, etc.

                                   Amanitine

   A*man"i*tine (#), n. [Gr. The poisonous principle of some fungi.

                                  Amanuensis

   A*man`u*en"sis  (#),  n.;  pl.  Amanuenses (#). [L., fr. a, ab + manus
   hand.] A person whose employment is to write what another dictates, or
   to copy what another has written.

                                   Amaracus

   A*mar"a*cus (#), n. [L., fr. Gr. A fragrant flower. Tennyson.

                                    Amarant

   Am"a*rant (#), n. Amaranth, 1. [Obs.] Milton.

                                 Amarantaceous

   Am`a*ran*ta"ceous (#), a. (Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the
   family of plants of which the amaranth is the type.

                                   Amaranth

   Am"a*ranth (#), n. [L. amarantus, Gr. mortal; -- so called because its
   flowers  do  not  soon  wither:  cf. F. amarante. The spelling with th
   seems to be due to confusion with Gr.

   1. An imaginary flower supposed never to fade. [Poetic]

   2.  (Bot.)  A  genus  of ornamental annual plants (Amaranthus) of many
   species, with green, purplish, or crimson flowers.

   2. A color inclining to purple.

                                  Amaranthine

   Am`a*ran"thine (#), a.

   1. Of or pertaining to amaranth. "Amaranthine bowers." Pope.
     _________________________________________________________________

   Page 46

   2. Unfading, as the poetic amaranth; undying.

     They only amaranthine flower on earth Is virtue. Cowper.

   3. Of a purplish color. Buchanan.

                             Amaranthus, Amarantus

   Am`a*ran"thus (#), Am`a*ran"tus (#), n. Same as Amaranth.

                                    Amarine

   Am"a*rine  (#),  n.  [L.  amarus  bitter.]  (Chem.)  A  characteristic
   crystalline substance, obtained from oil of bitter almonds.

                                   Amaritude

   A*mar"i*tude  (#),  n.  [L.  amaritudo,  fr.  amarus  bitter:  cf. OF.
   amaritude.] Bitterness. [R.]

                        Amaryllidaceous, Amaryllideous

   Am`a*ryl`li*da"ceous   (#),  Am`a*ryl*lid"e*ous  (#),  a.  (Bot.)  Of,
   pertaining  to,  or  resembling, an order of plants differing from the
   lily family chiefly in having the ovary below the

                                   Amaryllis

   Am`a*ryl"lis (#), n. [L. Amaryllis, Gr.

   1. A pastoral sweetheart.

     To sport with Amaryllis in the shade. Milton.

   2.  (bot.)  (a)  A  family  of  plants much esteemed for their beauty,
   including  the  narcissus, jonquil, daffodil, agave, and others. (b) A
   genus of the same family, including the Belladonna lily.

                                     Amass

   A*mass"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Amassed  (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Amassing.]  [F.  ambusher, LL. amassare; L. ad + massa lump, mass. See
   Mass.]  To collect into a mass or heap; to gather a great quantity of;
   to accumulate; as, to amass a treasure or a fortune; to amass words or
   phrases.

     The  life Homer has been written by amassing all the traditions and
     hints the writers could meet with. Pope.

   Syn. -- To accumulate; heap up; pile.

                                     Amass

   A*mass",  n. [OF. amasse, fr. ambusher.] A mass; a heap. [Obs.] Sir H.
   Wotton.

                                   Amassable

   A*mass"a*ble (#), a. Capable of being amassed.

                                    Amasser

   A*mass"er (#), n. One who amasses.

                                   Amassette

   A`mas`sette"  (#),  n.  [F. See Amass.] An instrument of horn used for
   collecting painters' colors on the stone in the process of grinding.

                                   Amassment

   A*mass"ment  (#),  n.  [Cf.  OF.  amassement.]  An  amassing;  a  heap
   collected;   a   large   quantity   or  number  brought  together;  an
   accumulation.

     An amassment of imaginary conceptions. Glanvill.

                                  Amasthenic

   Am`as*then"ic  (#),  a.  [Gr.  (Photog.)  Uniting the chemical rays of
   light into one focus, as a certain kind of lens; amacratic.

                                     Amate

   A*mate"  (#), v. t. [OF. amater, amatir.] To dismay; to dishearten; to
   daunt. [Obs. or Archaic]

     The  Silures,  to  amate  the  new  general,  rumored the overthrow
     greater than was true. Milton.

                                     Amate

   A*mate",  v.  t.  [Pref. a- + mate.] To be a mate to; to match. [Obs.]
   Spenser.

                                    Amateur

   Am`a*teur"  (#),  n.  [F.,  fr. L. amator lover, fr. amare to love.] A
   person attached to a particular pursuit, study, or science as to music
   or  painting;  esp. one who cultivates any study or art, from taste or
   attachment, without pursuing it professionally.

                                  Amateurish

   Am`a*teur"ish, a. In the style of an amateur; superficial or defective
   like   the   work   of   an  amateur.  --  Am`a*teur"ish*ly,  adv.  --
   Am`a*teur"ish*ness, n.

                                  Amateurism

   Am"a*teur*ism (#), n. The practice, habit, or work of an amateur.

                                  Amateurship

   Am"a*teur`ship, n. The quality or character of an amateur.

                                    Amative

   Am"a*tive  (#),  a. [L. amatus, p. p. of amare to love.] Full of love;
   amatory.

                                  Amativeness

   Am"a*tive*ness,  n.  (Phren.) The faculty supposed to influence sexual
   desire; propensity to love. Combe.

                                   Amatorial

   Am`a*to"ri*al (#), a. [See Amatorious.] Of or pertaining to a lover or
   to love making; amatory; as, amatorial verses.

                                  Amatorially

   Am`a*to"ri*al*ly, adv. In an amatorial manner.

                                   Amatorian

   Am`a*to"ri*an (#), a. Amatory. [R.] Johnson.

                                  Amatorious

   Am`a*to"ri*ous  (#),  a.  [L.  amatorius, fr. amare to love.] Amatory.
   [Obs.] "Amatorious poem." Milton.

                                    Amatory

   Am"a*to*ry  (#),  a.  Pertaining  to, producing, or expressing, sexual
   love; as, amatory potions.

                                   Amaurosis

   Am`au*ro"sis  (#),  n. [Gr. (Med.) A loss or decay of sight, from loss
   of  power  in the optic nerve, without any perceptible external change
   in the eye; -- called also gutta serena, the "drop serene" of Milton.

                                   Amaurotic

   Am`au*rot"ic   (#),   a.   Affected   with   amaurosis;   having   the
   characteristics of amaurosis.

                                     Amaze

   A*maze" (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amazed (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Amazing.]
   [Pref. a- + maze.]

   1. To bewilder; to stupefy; to bring into a maze. [Obs.]

     A labyrinth to amaze his foes. Shak.

   2.  To  confound,  as  by fear, wonder, extreme surprise; to overwhelm
   with wonder; to astound; to astonish greatly. "Amazing Europe with her
   wit." Goldsmith.

     And  all  the  people were amazed, and said, Is not this the son of
     David? Matt. xii. 23.

   Syn.  --  To astonish; astound; confound; bewilder; perplex; surprise.
   --  Amaze,  Astonish. Amazement includes the notion of bewilderment of
   difficulty  accompanied by surprise. It expresses a state in which one
   does  not know what to do, or to say, or to think. Hence we are amazed
   at what we can not in the least account for. Astonishment also implies
   surprise. It expresses a state in which one is stunned by the vastness
   or  greatness  of  something, or struck with some degree of horror, as
   when one is overpowered by the

                                     Amaze

   A*maze", v. i. To be astounded. [Archaic] B. Taylor.

                                     Amaze

   A*maze",  v.  t. Bewilderment, arising from fear, surprise, or wonder;
   amazement. [Chiefly poetic]

     The wild, bewildered Of one to stone converted by amaze. Byron.

                                   Amazedly

   A*maz"ed*ly  (#),  adv.  In amazement; with confusion or astonishment.
   Shak.

                                  Amazedness

   A*maz"ed*ness,  n. The state of being amazed, or confounded with fear,
   surprise, or wonder. Bp. Hall.

                                   Amazeful

   A*maze"ful (#), a. Full of amazement. [R.]

                                   Amazement

   A*maze"ment (#), n.

   1.  The  condition  of being amazed; bewilderment [Obs.]; overwhelming
   wonder, as from surprise, sudden fear, horror, or admiration.

     His words impression left Of much amazement. Milton.

   2. Frenzy; madness. [Obs.] Webster (1661).

                                    Amazing

   A*maz"ing  (#),  a.  Causing  amazement;  very  wonderful; as, amazing
   grace. -- A*maz"ing*ly, adv.

                                    Amazon

   Am"a*zon (#), n. [L., fr. Gr.

   1.  One  of  a  fabulous  race of female warriors in Scythia; hence, a
   female warrior.

   2. A tall, strong, masculine woman; a virago.

   3. (Zo\'94l.) A name numerous species of South American parrots of the
   genus Chrysotis
   Amazon  ant  (Zo\'94l.),  a  species  of ant (Polyergus rufescens), of
   Europe  and  America.  They  seize by conquest the larv\'91 and nymphs
   other species and make slaves of them in their own nests.

                                   Amazonian

   Am`a*zo"ni*an (#), a.

   1.  Pertaining  to  or  resembling  an  Amazon;  of masculine manners;
   warlike. Shak.

   2.  Of  or  pertaining to the river Amazon in South America, or to its
   valley.

                            Amazonite, Amazon stone

   Am"a*zon*ite  (#),  Am"a*zon  stone`  (#),  n.  [Named  from the river
   Amazon.] (Min.) A variety of feldspar, having a verdigris-green color.

                                  Amb-, Ambi-

   Amb-, Am*bi-. [L. prefix ambi-, amb-, akin to Gr. abhi, AS. embe, emb,
   OHG.  umbi, umpi, G. um, and also L. ambo both. Cf. Amphi-, Both, By.]
   A  prefix  meaning  about,  around;  -- used in words derived from the
   Latin.

                                    Ambages

   Am*ba"ges  (#), n. pl. [L. (usually in pl.); pref. ambi-, amb- + agere
   to  drive: cf. F. ambage.] A circuit; a winding. Hence: Circuitous way
   or proceeding; quibble; circumlocution; indirect mode of speech.

     After  many  ambages, perspicuously define what this melancholy is.
     Burton.

                                  Ambaginous

   Am*bag"i*nous (#), a. Ambagious. [R.]

                                   Ambagious

   Am*ba"gious (#), a. [L. ambagiosus.] Circumlocutory; circuitous. [R.]

                                  Ambagitory

   Am*bag"i*to*ry (#), a. Ambagious. [R.]

                             Ambassade, Embassade

   Am"bas*sade (#), Em"bas*sade (#), n. [F. ambassade. See Embassy.]

   1. The mission of an ambassador. [Obs.] Carew.

   2. An embassy. [Obs.] Strype.

                            Ambassador, Embassador

   Am*bas"sa*dor (#), Em*bas"sa*dor (#), n. [See Embassador.]

   1.  A  minister  of the highest rank sent a foreign court to represent
   there his sovereign or country.

     NOTE: &hand; Am bassador ar e ei ther or dinary [o r re sident] or 
     extraordinary,  that is, sent upon some special or unusual occasion
     or errand.

   Abbott.

   2. An official messenger and representative.

                                 Ambassadorial

   Am*bas`sa*do"ri*al  (#),  a.  Of  or  pertaining  to an ambassador. H.
   Walpole.

                                Ambassadorship

   Am*bas`sa*dor*ship  (#),  n.  The  state,  office,  or functions of an
   ambassador.

                                 Ambassadress

   Am*bas"sa*dress  (#),  n.  A  female  ambassador; also, the wife of an
   ambassador. Prescott.

                                   Ambassage

   Am"bas*sage (#), n. Same as Embassage. [Obs. or R.] Luke xiv. 32.

                                    Ambassy

   Am"bas*sy (#), n. See Embassy, the usual spelling. Helps.

                                     Amber

   Am"ber,  n.  [OE.  aumbre,  F.  ambre,  Sp. \'a0mbar, and with the Ar.
   article, al\'a0mbar, fr. Ar. 'anbar ambergris.]

   1.  (Min.)  A yellowish translucent resin resembling copal, found as a
   fossil  in alluvial soils, with beds of lignite, or on the seashore in
   many places. It takes a fine polish, and is used for pipe mouthpieces,
   beads,  etc.,  and  as  a  basis  for  a fine varnish. By friction, it
   becomes strongly electric.

   2.  Amber  color, or anything amber-colored; a clear light yellow; as,
   the amber of the sky.

   3. Ambergris. [Obs.]

     You that smell of amber at my charge. Beau. & Fl.

   4. The balsam, liquidambar.
   Black amber, and old and popular name for jet.
   
                                     Amber
                                       
   Am"ber, a. 

   1. Consisting of amber; made of amber. "Amber bracelets." Shak.

   2.  Resembling  amber,  especially in color; amber-colored. "The amber
   morn." Tennyson.

                                     Amber

   Am"ber, v. t. [p. p. & p. a. Ambered .]

   1. To scent or flavor with ambergris; as, ambered wine.

   2. To preserve in amber; as, an ambered fly.

                                  Amber fish

   Am"ber  fish  (#).  (Zo\'94l.)  A  fish of the southern Atlantic coast
   (Seriola Carolinensis.)

                                  Ambergrease

   Am"ber*grease (#), n. See Ambergris.

                                   Ambergris

   Am"ber*gris  (#),  n. [F. ambre gris, i. e., gray amber; F. gris gray,
   which is of German origin: cf. OS. gr\'8cs, G. greis, gray-haired. See
   Amber.]  A  substance of the consistence of wax, found floating in the
   Indian  Ocean  and  other  parts  of the tropics, and also as a morbid
   secretion   in   the   intestines   of   the   sperm  whale  (Physeter
   macrocephalus),  which is believed to be in all cases its true origin.
   In color it is white, ash-gray, yellow, or black, and often variegated
   like  marble.  The  floating  masses  are  sometimes from sixty to two
   hundred  and twenty-five pounds in weight. It is wholly volatilized as
   a  white  vapor at 212 Fahrenheit, and is highly valued in perfumery.
   Dana.

                                  Amber seed

   Am"ber   seed`   (#).  Seed  of  the  Hibiscus  abelmoschus,  somewhat
   resembling  millet, brought from Egypt and the West Indies, and having
   a flavor like that of musk; musk seed. Chambers.

                                  Amber tree

   Am"ber  tree`  (#).  A species of Anthospermum, a shrub with evergreen
   leaves, which, when bruised, emit a fragrant odor.

                                   Ambes-as

   Ambes"-as (#), n. Ambs-ace. [Obs.] Chaucer.

                                  Ambidexter

   Am"bi*dex"ter  (#),  a.  [LL., fr. L. ambo both + dexter right, dextra
   (sc.  manus)  the  right  hand.]  Using  both  hands  with equal ease.
   Smollett.

                                  Ambidexter

   Am`bi*dex"ter, n.

   1. A person who uses both hands with equal facility.

   2.  Hence; A double-dealer; one equally ready to act on either side in
   party disputes.

     The rest are hypocrites, ambidexters, so many turning pictures -- a
     lion on one side, a lamb on the other. Burton.

   3.  (Law)  A  juror  who  takes money from both parties for giving his
   verdict. Cowell.

                                 Ambidexterity

   Am"bi*dex*ter"i*ty (#), n.

   1.  The  quality  of  being ambidexas, ambidexterity of argumentation.
   Sterne.

     Ignorant  I  was  of  the human frame, and of its latent powers, as
     regarded speed, force, and ambidexterity. De Quincey.

   2.  Double-dealing.  (Law)  A  juror's  taking  of money from the both
   parties for a verdict.

                                  Ambidextral

   Am`bi*dex"tral  (#),  a. Pertaining equally to the right-hand side and
   the left-hand side. Earle.

                                 Ambidextrous

   Am`bi*dex"trous (#), a.

   1.  Pertaining the faculty of using both hands with equal ease. Sir T.
   Browne.

   2. Practicing or siding with both parties.

     All false, shuffling, and ambidextrous dealings. L'Estrange.

                                Ambidextrously

   Am"bi*dex"trous*ly, adv. In an ambidextrous manner; cunningly.

                               Ambidextrousness

   Am`bi*dex"trous*ness  (#),  n.  The  quality  of  being  ambidextrous;
   ambidexterity.

                                    Ambient

   Am"bi*ent  (#),  a. [L. ambiens, p. pr. of ambire to go around; amb- +
   ire  to  go.]  Encompassing  on  all  sides;  circumfused;  investing.
   "Ambient air." Milton. "Ambient clouds." Pope.

                                    Ambient

   Am"bi*ent, n. Something that surrounds or invests; as, air . . . being
   a perpetual ambient. Sir H. Wotton.

                                  Ambigenous

   Am*big"e*nous  (#),  a.  [L.  ambo  both  + genus kind.] Of two kinds.
   (Bot.)  Partaking  of  two natures, as the perianth of some endogenous
   plants, where the outer surface is calycine, and the inner petaloid.

                                    Ambigu

   Am"bi*gu   (#),   n.  [F.,  fr.  ambigu  doubtful,  L.  ambiquus.  See
   Ambiguous.]  An entertainment at which a medley of dishes is set on at
   the same time.

                                   Ambiguity

   Am`bi*gu"i*ty  (#),  n.;  pl.  Ambiguities  (#).  [L.  ambiguitas, fr.
   ambiguus:  cf.  F.  ambiguit\'82.]  The  quality  or  state  of  being
   ambiguous;   doubtfulness  or  uncertainty,  particularly  as  to  the
   signification of language, arising from its admitting of more than one
   meaning; an equivocal word or expression.

     No  shadow  of ambiguity can rest upon the course to be pursued. I.
     Taylor.

     The  words  are  of  single  signification,  without any ambiguity.
     South.

                                   Ambiguous

   Am*big"u*ous  (#),  a.  [L.  ambiguus,  fr.  ambigere to wander about,
   waver;  amb- + agere to drive.] Doubtful or uncertain, particularly in
   respect to signification; capable of being understood in either of two
   or  more  possible  senses;  equivocal;  as,  an  ambiguous course; an
   ambiguous expression.

     What  have  been  thy  answers?  What but dark, Ambiguous, and with
     double sense deluding? Milton.

   Syn.   --   Doubtful;   dubious;   uncertain;  unsettled;  indistinct;
   indeterminate; indefinite. See Equivocal.

                                  Ambiguously

   Am*big"u*ous*ly, adv. In an ambiguous manner; with doubtful meaning.

                                 Ambiguousness

   Am*big"u*ous*ness, n. Ambiguity.

                                  Ambilevous

   Am`bi*le"vous  (#),  a.  [L.  ambo both + laevus left.] Left-handed on
   both sides; clumsy; -- opposed to ambidexter. [R.] Sir T. Browne.

                                   Ambiloquy

   Am*bil"o*quy (#), n. Doubtful or ambiguous language. [Obs.] Bailey.

                                  Ambiparous

   Am*bip"a*rous  (#),  a. [L. ambo both + parere to bring forth.] (Bot.)
   Characterized  by containing the rudiments of both flowers and leaves;
   -- applied to a bud.

                                     Ambit

   Am"bit  (#),  n.  [L.  ambitus  circuit,  fr. ambire to go around. See
   Ambient.] Circuit or compass.

     His great parts did not live within a small ambit. Milward.

                                   Ambition

   Am*bi"tion (#), n. [F. ambition, L. ambitio a going around, especially
   of  candidates for office is Rome, to solicit votes (hence, desire for
   office or honorambire to go around. See Ambient, Issue.]

   1. The act of going about to solicit or obtain an office, or any other
   object of desire; canvassing. [Obs.]

     [I] used no ambition to commend my deeds. Milton.

   2.  An  eager,  and  sometimes  an  inordinate, desire for preferment,
   honor, superiority, power, or the attainment of something.

     Cromwell, I charge thee, fling a way ambition: By that sin fell the
     angels. Shak.

     The pitiful ambition of possessing five or six thousand more acres.
     Burke.

                                   Ambition

   Am*bi"tion,  v.  t. [Cf. F. ambitionner.] To seek after ambitiously or
   eagerly; to covet. [R.]

     Pausanias,  ambitioning  the  sovereignty  of Greece, bargains with
     Xerxes for his daughter in marriage. Trumbull.

                                  Ambitionist

   Am*bi"tion*ist, n. One excessively ambitious. [R.]

                                 Ambitionless

   Am*bi"tion*less, a. Devoid of ambition. Pollok.

                                   Ambitious

   Am*bi"tious (#), a. [L. ambitiosus: cf. F. ambitieux. See Ambition.]

   1.  Possessing,  or  controlled  by, ambition; greatly or inordinately
   desirous of power, honor, office, superiority, or distinction.

     Yet  Brutus  says he was ambitious, And Brutus is an honorable man.
     Shak.

   2.  Strongly  desirous;  --  followed  by  of  or  the infinitive; as,
   ambitious to be or to do something.

     I was not ambitious of seeing this ceremony. Evelyn.

     Studious of song, and yet ambitious not to sing in vain. Cowper.

   3.  Springing  from, characterized by, or indicating, ambition; showy;
   aspiring; as, an ambitious style.

     A  giant  statue  . . . Pushed by a wild and artless race, From off
     wide, ambitious base. Collins.

                                  Ambitiously

   Am*bi"tious*ly, adv. In an ambitious manner. <-- p. 47 -->

                                 Ambitiousness

   Am*bi"tious*ness  (#),  n.  The  quality of being ambitious; ambition;
   pretentiousness.

                                    Ambitus

   Am"bi*tus (#), n. [L. See Ambit, Ambition.]

   1. The exterior edge or border of a thing, as the border of a leaf, or
   the outline of a bivalve shell.

   2. (Rom. Antiq.) A canvassing for votes.

                                     Amble

   Am"ble  (#),  v.  i. [imp. & p. p. Ambled (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Ambling
   (#).]  [F. ambler to amble, fr. L. ambulare to walk, in LL., to amble,
   perh.  fr.  amb-,  ambi-,  and a root meaning to go: cf. Gr. base. Cf.
   Ambulate.]

   1.  To go at the easy gait called an amble; -- applied to the horse or
   to its rider.

   2.  To  move  somewhat  like an ambling horse; to go easily or without
   hard shocks.

     The skipping king, he ambled up and down. Shak.

     Sir, your wit ambles well; it goes easily. Shak.

                                     Amble

   Am"ble, n.

   1. A peculiar gait of a horse, in which both legs on the same side are
   moved  at  the same time, alternating with the legs on the other side.
   "A fine easy amble." B. Jonson.

   2. A movement like the amble of a horse.

                                    Ambler

   Am"bler (#), n. A horse or a person that ambles.

                                   Amblingly

   Am"bling*ly, adv. With an ambling gait.

                                   Amblotic

   Am*blot"ic (#), a. [Gr. Tending to cause abortion.

                                   Amblygon

   Am"bly*gon  (#),  n. [Gr. amblygone.] (Geom.) An obtuse-angled figure,
   esp. and obtuse-angled triangle. [Obs.]

                                  Amblygonal

   Am*blyg"o*nal (#), a. Obtuse-angled. [Obs.] Hutton.

                              Amblyopia, Amblyopy

   Am`bly*o"pi*a   (#),  Am"bly*o`py  (#),  n.  [Gr.  amblyopie.]  (Med.)
   Weakness  of  sight,  without  and  opacity  of  the cornea, or of the
   interior of the eye; the first degree of amaurosis.

                                   Amblyopic

   Am"bly*op"ic (#), a. (Med.) Of or pertaining to amblyopy. Quain.

                                   Amblypoda

   Am*blyp"o*da  (#),  n.  pl.  [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) A group of large,
   extinct,  herbivorous mammals, common in the Tertiary formation of the
   United States.

                                     Ambo

   Am"bo (#), n.; pl. Ambos (#). [LL. ambo, Gr. ambon.] A large pulpit or
   reading desk, in the early Christian churches. Gwilt.

                                     Ambon

   Am"bon (#), n. Same as Ambo.

                                 Amboyna wood

   Am*boy"na  wood  (#).  A  beautiful  mottled  and curled wood, used in
   cabinetwork.  It  is obtained from the Pterocarpus Indicus of Amboyna,
   Borneo, etc.

                                   Ambreate

   Am"bre*ate (#), n. (Chem.) A salt formed by the combination of ambreic
   acid with a base or positive radical.

                                    Ambreic

   Am*bre"ic  (#),  a.  (Chem.) Of or pertaining to ambrein; -- said of a
   certain acid produced by digesting ambrein in nitric acid.

                                    Ambrein

   Am"bre*in  (#), n. [Cf. F. ambr\'82ine. See Amber.] (Chem.) A fragrant
   substance which is the chief constituent of ambergris.

                                    Ambrite

   Am"brite  (#),  n.  [From  amber.]  A  fossil resin occurring in large
   masses in New Zealand.

                                    Ambrose

   Am"brose  (#),  n.  A  sweet-scented  herb; ambrosia. See Ambrosia, 3.
   Turner.

                                   Ambrosia

   Am*bro"sia (?; 277), n. [L. ambrosia, Gr. mrita, L. mortuus, dead, and
   to E. mortal.]

   1.  (Myth.)  (a)  The  fabled  food  of  the gods (as nectar was their
   drink),  which conferred immortality upon those who partook of it. (b)
   An unguent of the gods.

     His dewy locks distilled ambrosia. Milton.

   2.  A  perfumed unguent, salve, or draught; something very pleasing to
   the taste or smell. Spenser.

   3.  Formerly, a kind of fragrant plant; now (Bot.), a genus of plants,
   including  some  coarse  and worthless weeds, called ragweed, hogweed,
   etc.

                                   Ambrosiac

   Am"bro"si*ac  (#), a. [L. ambrosiacus: cf. F. ambrosiaque.] Having the
   qualities of ambrosia; delicious. [R.]"Ambrosiac odors." B. Jonson.

                                   Ambrosial

   Am*bro"sial (#), a. [L. ambrosius, Gr.

   1.  Consisting of, or partaking of the nature of, ambrosia; delighting
   the   taste   or   smell;   delicious.  "Ambrosial  food."  "Ambrosial
   fragrance." Milton.

   2.  Divinely  excellent  or  beautiful.  "Shakes his ambrosial curls."
   Pope.

                                  Ambrosially

   Am*bro"sial*ly,  adv.  After  the  manner  of  ambrosia; delightfully.
   "Smelt ambrosially." Tennyson.

                                   Ambrosian

   Am*bro"sian (#), a. Ambrosial. [R.] . Jonson.

                                   Ambrosian

   Am*bro"sian,  a.  Of  or  pertaining to St. Ambrose; as, the Ambrosian
   office,  or  ritual,  a  formula  of  worship  in the church of Milan,
   instituted  by  St.  Ambrose.  Ambrosian chant, the mode of signing or
   chanting introduced by St. Ambrose in the 4th century.

                                   Ambrosin

   Am"bro*sin  (#),  n.  [LL. Ambrosinus nummus.] An early coin struck by
   the  dukes  of  Milan,  and  bearing  the  figure  of  St.  Ambrose on
   horseback.

                                   Ambrotype

   Am"bro*type  (#), n. [Gr. -type.] (Photog.) A picture taken on a place
   of  prepared glass, in which the lights are represented in silver, and
   the  shades  are  produced  by  a  dark background visible through the
   unsilvered portions of the glass.

                                     Ambry

   Am"bry  (#),  n.;  pl.  Ambries (#). [OE. aumbry, almery, OF. almarie,
   armarie,  aumaire,  F.  armoire, LL. armarium chest, cupboard, orig. a
   repository  for  arms,  fr.  L. arama arms. The word has been confused
   with almonry. See Armory.]

   1.  In  churches,  a  kind  of  closet, niche, cupboard, or locker for
   utensils, vestments, etc.

   2. A store closet, as a pantry, cupboard, etc.

   3. Almonry. [Improperly so used]

                                   Ambs-ace

   Ambs"-ace (#), n. [OF. ambesas; ambes both (fr. L. ambo) + as ace. See
   Ace.]  Double  aces, the lowest throw of all at dice. Hence: Bad luck;
   anything of no account or value.

                                  Ambulacral

   Am`bu*la"cral  (#),  a.  (Zo\'94l.)  Of  or  pertaining  to ambulacra;
   avenuelike;  as,  the ambulacral ossicles, plates, spines, and suckers
   of echinoderms.

                                 Ambulacriform

   Am`bu*la"cri*form  (#),  a. [Ambulacrum + -form] (Zo\'94l.) Having the
   form of ambulacra.

                                  Ambulacrum

   Am`bu*la"crum  (#),  n.;  pl.  Ambulacra (#). [L., an alley or covered
   way.]  (Zo\'94l.)  (a)  One of the radical zones of echinoderms, along
   which  run the principal nerves, blood vessels, and water tubes. These
   zones  usually  bear  rows  of  locomotive suckers or tentacles, which
   protrude  from  regular  pores. In star fishes they occupy the grooves
   along  the  under side of the rays. (b) One of the suckers on the feet
   of mites.

                                   Ambulance

   Am"bu*lance  (#),  n.  [F.  ambulance,  h\'93pital  ambulant,  fr.  L.
   ambulare  to  walk.  See  Amble.]  (Mil.)  (a)  A  field  hospital, so
   organized  as  to  follow  an  army  in its movements, and intended to
   succor the wounded as soon as possible. Often used adjectively; as, an
   ambulance   wagon;   ambulance  stretcher;  ambulance  corps.  (b)  An
   ambulance  wagon  or cart for conveying the wounded from the field, or
   to a hospital.

                                   Ambulant

   Am"bu*lant  (#),  a.  [L. ambulans, p. pr. of ambulare to walk: cf. F.
   ambulant.] Walking; moving from place to place. Gayton.

                                   Ambulate

   Am"bu*late  (#),  v.  i. [L. ambulare to walk. See Amble.] To walk; to
   move about. [R.] Southey.

                                  Ambulation

   Am`bu*la"tion  (#),  n.  [L.  ambulatio.]  The  act of walking. Sir T.
   Browne.

                                  Ambulative

   Am"bu*la*tive (#), a. Walking. [R.]

                                   Ambulator

   Am"bu*la`tor (#), n.

   1. One who walks about; a walker.

   2.  (Zo\'94l.)  (a) A beetle of the genus Lamia. (b) A genus of birds,
   or one of this genus.

   3. An instrument for measuring distances; -- called also perambulator.
   Knight.

                                 Ambulatorial

   Am`bu*la*to"ri*al (#), a. Ambulatory; fitted for walking. Verrill.

                                  Ambulatory

   Am"bu*la*to*ry (#), a. [L. ambulatorius.]

   1.  Of or pertaining to walking; having the faculty of walking; formed
   or fitted for walking; as, an ambulatory animal.

   2.  Accustomed  to  move from place to place; not stationary; movable;
   as, an ambulatory court, which exercises its jurisdiction in different
   places.

     The priesthood . . . before was very ambulatory, and dispersed into
     all families. Jer. Taylor.

   3. Pertaining to a walk. [R.]

     The  princess  of  whom  his  majesty had an ambulatory view in his
     travels. Sir H. Wotton.

   4. (Law) Not yet fixed legally, or settled past alteration; alterable;
   as,  the  dispositions of a will are ambulatory until the death of the
   testator.

                                  Ambulatory

   Am"bu*la*to*ry,  n.;  pl.  Ambulatories  (#).  [Cf. LL. ambulatorium.]
   (Arch.) A place to walk in, whether in the open air, as the gallery of
   a cloister, or within a building.

                                    Amburry

   Am"bur*ry (#), n. Same as Anbury.

                                   Ambuscade

   Am`bus*cade"  (#),  n.  [F.  embuscade,  fr.  It.  imboscata,  or  Sp.
   emboscada,  fr.  emboscar to ambush, fr. LL. imboscare. See Ambush, v.
   t.]

   1. A lying in a wood, concealed, for the purpose of attacking an enemy
   by  surprise.  Hence: A lying in wait, and concealed in any situation,
   for a like purpose; a snare laid for an enemy; an ambush.

   2.  A  place in which troops lie hid, to attack an enemy unexpectedly.
   [R.] Dryden.

   3. (Mil.) The body of troops lying in ambush.

                                   Ambuscade

   Am`bus*cade",  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p. p. Ambuscaded (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ambuscading (#).]

   1. To post or conceal in ambush; to ambush.

   2. To lie in wait for, or to attack from a covert or lurking place; to
   waylay.

                                   Ambuscade

   Am`bus*cade", v. i. To lie in ambush.

                                   Ambuscado

   Am`bus*ca"do (#), n. Ambuscade. [Obs.] Shak.

                                  Ambuscadoed

   Am`bus*ca"doed (#), p. p. Posted in ambush; ambuscaded. [Obs.]

                                    Ambush

   Am"bush (#), n. [F. emb\'96che, fr. the verb. See Ambush, v. t.]

   1.  A  disposition  or  arrangement  of  troops for attacking an enemy
   unexpectedly  from  a concealed station. Hence: Unseen peril; a device
   to entrap; a snare.

     Heaven,  whose  high  walls fear no assault or siege Or ambush from
     the deep. Milton.

   2.  A concealed station, where troops or enemies lie in wait to attack
   by surprise.

     Bold in close ambush, base in open field. Dryden.

   3.  The troops posted in a concealed place, for attacking by surprise;
   liers in wait. [Obs.]

     The ambush arose quickly out of their place. Josh. viii. 19.

   To lay an ambush, to post a force in ambush.

                                    Ambush

   Am"bush  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Ambushed (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Ambushing.]  [OE.  enbussen,  enbushen,  OF. embushier, embuissier, F.
   emb\'96cher,  embusquer, fr. LL. imboscare; in + LL. boscus, buscus, a
   wood; akin to G. bush, E. bush. See Ambuscade, Bu.]

   1. To station in ambush with a view to surprise an enemy.

     By ambushed men behind their temple Dryden.

   2. To attack by ambush; to waylay.

                                    Ambush

   Am"bush,  v.  i.  To  lie  in  wait,  for  the purpose of attacking by
   surprise; to lurk.

     Nor saw the snake that ambushed for his prey. Trumbull.

                                   Ambusher

   Am"bush*er (#), n. One lying in ambush.

                                  Ambushment

   Am"bush*ment  (#), n. [OF. embuschement. See Ambush, v. t.] An ambush.
   [Obs.] 2 Chron. xiii. 13.

                                   Ambustion

   Am*bus"tion  (?;  106),  n.  [L.  ambustio.]  (Med.)  A burn or scald.
   Blount.

                                    Amebean

   Am`e*be"an (#), a. (Zo\'94l.) See Am.

                                  Ameer, Amir

   A*meer", A*mir" (#), n. [See Emir.]

   1. Emir. [Obs.]

   2. One of the Mohammedan nobility of Afghanistan and Scinde.

                                     Amel

   Am"el  (#),  n. [OE. amell, OF. esmail, F. \'82mail, of German origin;
   cf. OHG. smelzi, G. schmelz. See Smelt, v. t.] Enamel. [Obs.] Boyle.

                                     Amel

   Am"el,  v. t. [OE. amellen, OF. esmailler, F. \'82mailler, OF. esmail,
   F. \'82mail.] To enamel. [Obs.]

     Enlightened all with stars, And richly ameled. Chapman.

                                   Amelcorn

   Am"el*corn` (#), n. [Ger. amelkorn: cf. MHG. amel, amer, spelt, and L.
   amylum  starch,  Gr. A variety of wheat from which starch is produced;
   -- called also French rice.

                                  Ameliorable

   A*mel"io*ra*ble (#), a. Capable of being ameliorated.

                                  Ameliorate

   A*mel"io*rate  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ameliorated (#); p. pr. & vb.
   n.   Ameliorating.]  [L.  ad  +  meliorare  to  make  better:  cf.  F.
   am\'82liorer.   See   Meliorate.]  To  make  better;  to  improve;  to
   meliorate.

     In  every  human  being  there  is  a  wish  to  ameliorate his own
     condition. Macaulay.

                                  Ameliorate

   A*mel"io*rate,   v.   i.  To  grow  better;  to  meliorate;  as,  wine
   ameliorates by age.

                                 Amelioration

   A*mel`io*ra"tion   (#),  n.  [Cf.  F.  am\'82lioration.]  The  act  of
   ameliorating,  or  the  state of being ameliorated; making or becoming
   better;  improvement; melioration. "Amelioration of human affairs." J.
   S. Mill.

                                 Ameliorative

   A*mel"io*ra*tive (#), a. Tending to ameliorate; producing amelioration
   or improvement; as, ameliorative remedies, efforts.

                                  Ameliorator

   A*mel"io*ra`tor (#), n. One who ameliorates.

                                     Amen

   A`men"  (?;  277),  interj., adv., & n. [L. amen, Gr. \'bem certainly,
   truly.]  An  expression used at the end of prayers, and meaning, So be
   it. At the end of a creed, it is a solemn asseveration of belief. When
   it  introduces a declaration, it is equivalent to truly, verily. It is
   used  as  a  noun,  to  demote:  (a)  concurrence  in  belief, or in a
   statement;  assent; (b) the final word or act; (c) Christ as being one
   who is true and faithful.

     And let all the people say, Amen. Ps. cvi. 48.

     Amen,  amen,  I say to thee, except a man be born again, he can not
     see the kingdom of God. John ii. 3. Rhemish Trans.

   To  say  amen  to,  to  approve  warmly;  to  concur  in  heartily  or
   emphatically; to ratify; as, I say Amen to all.
   
                                     Amen
                                       
   A`men", v. t. To say Amen to; to sanction fully. 

                                  Amenability

   A*me`na*bil"i*ty  (#), n. The quality of being amenable; amenableness.
   Coleridge.

                                   Amenable

   A*me"na*ble  (#),  a.  [F. amener to lead; ad) = mener to lead, fr. L.
   minare  to  drive  animals  (properly by threatening cries), in LL. to
   lead; L. minari, to threaten, minae threats. See Menace.]

   1.  (Old  Law)  Easy to be led; governable, as a woman by her husband.
   [Obs.] Jacob.

   2.  Liable  to  be  brought  to  account  or  punishment;  answerable;
   responsible; accountable; as, amenable to law.

     Nor  is  man  too  diminutive  .  .  . to be amenable to the divine
     government. I. Taylor.

   3. Liable to punishment, a charge, a claim, etc.

   4. Willing to yield or submit; responsive; tractable.

     Sterling . . . always was amenable enough to counsel. Carlyle.

                                 Amenableness

   A*me"na*ble*ness, n. The quality or state of being amenable; liability
   to answer charges; answerableness.

                                   Amenably

   A*me"na*bly, adv. In an amenable manner.

                                    Amenage

   Am"e*nage  (#),  v. t. [OF. amesnagier. See Manage.] To manage. [Obs.]
   Spenser.

                                   Amenance

   Am"e*nance  (#),  n.  [OF.  See  Amenable.]  Behavior; bearing. [Obs.]
   Spenser.

                                     Amend

   A*mend"  (#),  v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amended; p. pr. & vb. n. Amending.]
   [F.  amender,  L. emendare; e(ex) + mendum, menda, fault, akin to Skr.
   minda  personal  defect.  Cf. Emend, Mend.] To change or modify in any
   way  for  the  better;  as,  (a) by simply removing what is erroneous,
   corrupt,   superfluous,   faulty,  and  the  like;  (b)  by  supplying
   deficiencies;  (c) by substituting something else in the place of what
   is removed; to rectify.

     Mar not the thing that can not be amended. Shak.

     An  instant  emergency,  granting  no  possibility for revision, or
     opening for amended thought. De Quincey.

     We  shall cheer her sorrows, and amend her blood, by wedding her to
     a Norman. Sir W. Scott.

   To amend a bill, to make some change in the details or provisions of a
   bill or measure while on its passage, professedly for its improvement.
   <-- p. 48 --> Syn. -- To Amend, Emend, Correct, Reform, Rectify. These
   words  agree in the idea of bringing things into a more perfect state.
   We  correct  (literally, make straight) when we conform things to some
   standard  or  rule;  as, to correct proof sheets. We amend by removing
   blemishes, faults, or errors, and thus rendering a thing more a nearly
   perfect;  as, to amend our ways, to amend a text, the draft of a bill,
   etc.  Emend  is  only another form of amend, and is applied chiefly to
   editions  of books, etc. To reform is literally to form over again, or
   put  into  a new and better form; as, to reform one's life. To rectify
   is  to  make  right;  as,  to  rectify  a  mistake, to rectify abuses,
   inadvertencies, etc.

                                     Amend

   A*mend"  (#),  v.  i.  To grow better by rectifying something wrong in
   manners  or  morals;  to  improve.  "My  fortune . . . amends." Sir P.
   Sidney.

                                   Amendable

   A*mend"a*ble  (#),  a. Capable of being amended; as, an amendable writ
   or error. -- A*mend"a*ble*ness, n.

                                  Amendatory

   A*mend"a*to*ry  (#),  a.  Supplying amendment; corrective; emendatory.
   Bancroft.

                                    Amende

   A`mende"  (#),  n.  [F.  See Amend.] A pecuniary punishment or fine; a
   reparation  or  recantation.  Amende  honorable(#). (Old French Law) A
   species  of  infamous punishment in which the offender, being led into
   court  with  a  rope  about his neck, and a lighted torch in his hand,
   begged  pardon  of  his  God, the court, etc. In popular language, the
   phrase  now denotes a public apology or recantation, and reparation to
   an injured party, for improper language or treatment.

                                    Amender

   A*mend"er (#), n. One who amends.

                                   Amendful

   A*mend"ful (#), a. Much improving. [Obs.]

                                   Amendment

   A*mend"ment (#), n. [F. amendement, LL. amendamentum.]

   1. An alteration or change for the better; correction of a fault or of
   faults; reformation of life by quitting vices.

   2.  In public bodies; Any alternation made or proposed to be made in a
   bill or motion by adding, changing, substituting, or omitting.

   3.  (Law)  Correction  of  an  error  in  a  writ  or process. Syn. --
   Improvement; reformation; emendation.

                                    Amends

   A*mends"  (#), n. sing. & pl. [F. amendes, pl. of amende. Cf. Amende.]
   Compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation. [Now const.
   with sing. verb.] "An honorable amends." Addison.

     Yet thus far fortune maketh us amends. Shak.

                                    Amenity

   A*men"i*ty   (#),   n.;  pl.  Amenities  (#).  [F.  am\'82nit\'82,  L.
   amoenitas,  fr.  amoenus  pleasant.]  The quality of being pleasant or
   agreeable,  whether  in  respect  to  situation,  climate, manners, or
   disposition; pleasantness; civility; suavity; gentleness.

     A sweetness and amenity of temper. Buckle.

     This climate has not seduced by its amenities. W. Howitt.

                                 Amenorrh\'d2a

   A*men`or*rh\'d2"a  (#), n. [Gr. am\'82norrh\'82e.] (Med.) Retention or
   suppression of the menstrual discharge.

                                Amenorrh\'d2al

   A*men`or*rh\'d2"al (#), a. Pertaining to amenorrh\'d2a.

                               A mensa et thoro

   A  men"sa  et  tho"ro  (#).  [L., from board and bed.] (Law) A kind of
   divorce  which  does  not  dissolve  the  marriage  bond,  but  merely
   authorizes a separate life of the husband and wife. Abbott.

                                     Ament

   Am"ent  (#),  n.  [L.  amentum  thong  or  strap.] (Bot.) A species of
   inflorescence; a catkin.

     The globular ament of a buttonwood. Coues.

                                  Amentaceous

   Am`en*ta"ceous  (#),  a.  [LL.  amentaceus.] (Bot.) (a) Resembling, or
   consisting of, an ament or aments; as, the chestnut has an amentaceous
   inflorescence.  (b) Bearing aments; having flowers arranged in aments;
   as, amentaceous plants.

                                    Amentia

   A*men"ti*a   (#),   n.   [L.]   (Med.)   Imbecility;   total  want  of
   understanding.

                                 Amentiferous

   Am`en*tif"er*ous  (#),  a.  [L.  amentum  +  -ferous.]  (Bot.) Bearing
   catkins. Balfour.

                                  Amentiform

   A*men"ti*form  (#),  a.  [L.  amentum  +  -form.] (Bot.) Shaped like a
   catkin.

                                    Amentum

   A*men"tum (#), n.; pl. Amenta (#). Same as Ament.

                                    Amenuse

   Am"e*nuse  (#),  v. t. [OF. amenuisier. See Minute.] To lessen. [Obs.]
   Chaucer.

                                    Amerce

   A*merce"  (#),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  Amerced (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
   Amercing.]  [OF.  amercier,  fr.  a merci at the mercy of, liable to a
   punishment. See Mercy.]

   1.  To punish by a pecuniary penalty, the amount of which is not fixed
   by  law,  but left to the discretion of the court; as, the amerced the
   criminal in the sum on the hundred dollars.

     NOTE: &hand; Th e pe nalty of  fi ne ma y be  ex pressed wi thout a
     preposition, or it may be introduced by in, with, or of.

   2. To punish, in general; to mulct.

     Millions of spirits for his fault amerced Of Heaven. Milton.

     Shall by him be amerced with penance due. Spenser.

                                  Amerceable

   A*merce"a*ble (#), a. Liable to be amerced.

                                  Amercement

   A*merce"ment  (#), n. [OF. amerciment.] The infliction of a penalty at
   the discretion of the court; also, a mulct or penalty thus imposed. It
   differs  from a fine,in that the latter is, or was originally, a fixed
   and certain sum prescribed by statue for an offense; but an amercement
   is  arbitrary.  Hence, the act or practice of affeering. [See Affeer.]
   Blackstone.

     NOTE: &hand; This word, in old books, is written amerciament.

   Amercement royal, a penalty imposed on an officer for a misdemeanor in
   his office. Jacobs.

                                    Amercer

   A*mer"cer (#), n. One who amerces.

                                  Amerciament

   A*mer"cia*ment (#), n. [LL. amerciamentum.] Same as Amercement. Mozley
   & W.

                                   American

   A*mer"i*can (#), a. [Named from Americus Vespucius.]

   1.  Of  or pertaining to America; as, the American continent: American
   Indians.

   2.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the United States. "A young officer of the
   American navy." Lyell.
   American   ivy.  See  Virginia  creeper.  --  American  Party  (U.  S.
   Politics),  a  party,  about  1854,  which  opposed  the  influence of
   foreign-born  citizens,  and  those  supposed  to  owe allegiance to a
   foreign  power.  -- Native american Party (U. S. Politics), a party of
   principles  similar  to  those  of  the American party. It arose about
   1843, but soon died out.

                                   American

   A*mer"i*can  (#), n. A native of America; -- originally applied to the
   aboriginal   inhabitants,  but  now  applied  to  the  descendants  of
   Europeans  born  in  America,  and  especially  to the citizens of the
   United States.

     The  name  American  must  always  exalt  the  pride of patriotism.
     Washington.

                                  Americanism

   A*mer"i*can*ism (#), n.

   1. Attachment to the United States.

   2.  A  custom peculiar to the United States or to America; an American
   characteristic or idea.

   3. A word or phrase peculiar to the United States.

                                Americanization

   A*mer`i*can*i*za"tion (#), n. The process of Americanizing.

                                  Americanize

   A*mer"i*can*ize  (#),  v.  t. [imp. & p. p. Americanizer (#); p. pr. &
   vb.  n.  Americanizing.]  To  render  American;  to  assimilate to the
   Americans   in   customs,   ideas,   etc.;   to  stamp  with  American
   characteristics.

                                   Ames-ace

   Ames"-ace (#), n. Same as Ambs-ace.

                                     Amess

   Am"ess (#), n. (Eccl.) Amice, a hood or cape. See 2d Amice.

                                   Ametabola

   Am`e*tab"o*la (#), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo\'94l.) A group of insects which do
   not undergo any metamorphosis. [Written also Ametabolia.]

                                  Ametabolian

   A*met`a*bo"li*an  (#),  a. [Gr. (Zo\'94l.) Of or pertaining to insects
   that do undergo any metamorphosis.

                            Ametabolic, Ametabolous

   A*met`a*bol"ic  (#), Am`e*tab"o*lous, a. (Zo\'94l.) Not undergoing any
   metamorphosis; as, ametabolic insects.

                                  Amethodist

   A*meth"o*dist  (#), n. [Pref. a- not + methodist.] One without method;
   a quack. [Obs.]

                                   Amethyst

   Am"e*thyst   (#),   [F.   ametiste,   amatiste,  F.  am\'82thyste,  L.
   amethystus, fr. Gr. Mead.]

   1.  (Min.)  A  variety  of  crystallized quartz, of a purple or bluish
   violet  color,  of  different  shades.  It is much used as a jeweler's
   stone.
   Oriental amethyst, the violet-blue variety of transparent crystallized
   corundum or sapphire.

   2. (Her.) A purple color in a nobleman's escutcheon, or coat of arms.

                                  Amethystine

   Am`e*thys"tine (#), a. [L. amethystinus, Gr.

   1. Resembling amethyst, especially in color; bluish violet.

   2. Composed of, or containing, amethyst.

                                   Ametropia

   Am`e*tro"pi*a  (#),  n.  [Gr.  (Med.)  Any  abnormal  condition of the
   refracting powers of the eye. -- Am`e*trop"ic (#), a.

                                    Amharic

   Am*har"ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to Amhara, a division of Abyssinia;
   as,  the Amharic language is closely allied to the Ethiopic. -- n. The
   Amharic language (now the chief language of Abyssinia).

                                     Amia

   Am"i*a  (#),  n. [L., fr. Gr. (Zo\'94l.) A genus of fresh-water ganoid
   fishes,  exclusively  confined to North America; called bowfin in Lake
   Champlain,  dogfish  in Lake Erie, and mudfish in South Carolina, etc.
   See Bowfin.

                                  Amiability

   A`mi*a*bil"i*ty  (#),  n.  The  quality of being amiable; amiableness;
   sweetness of disposition.

     Every excellency is a degree of amiability. Jer. Taylor.

                                    Amiable

   A"mi*a*ble  (#),  a.  [F.  amiable, L. amicabilis friendly, fr. amicus
   friend,  fr.  amare  to  love.  The  meaning has been influenced by F.
   aimable,  L.  amabilis  lovable,  fr.  amare  to  love.  Cf. Amicable,
   Amorous, Amability.]

   1. Lovable; lovely; pleasing. [Obs. or R.]

     So amiable a prospect. Sir T. Herbert.

   2.  Friendly;  kindly; sweet; gracious; as, an amiable temper or mood;
   amiable ideas.

   3.  Possessing  sweetness  of disposition; having sweetness of temper,
   kind-heartedness,  etc.,  which causes one to be liked; as, an amiable
   woman.

   4. Done out of love. [Obs.]

     Lay an amiable siege to the honesty of this Ford's wife. Shak.

                                  Amiableness

   A`mi*a*ble*ness, n. The quality of being amiable; amiability.

                                    Amiably

   A"mi*a*bly, adv. In an amiable manner.

                                    Amianth

   Am"i*anth (#), n. See Amianthus. [Poetic]

                                 Amianthiform

   Am`i*an"thi*form  (#), a. [Amianthus + -form.] Resembling amianthus in
   form.

                                  Amianthoid

   Am`i*an"thoid  (#),  a.  [Amianthus  +  -oid:  cf.  F. amianto\'8bde.]
   Resembling amianthus.

                                   Amianthus

   Am`i*an"thus  (#), n. [L. amiantus, Gr. (Min.) Earth flax, or mountain
   flax; a soft silky variety of asbestus.

                                     Amic

   Am"ic  (#),  a.  [L.  ammonia  + -ic.] (Chem.) Related to, or derived,
   ammonia;  -- used chiefly as a suffix; as, amic acid; phosphamic acid.
   Amic  acid  (Chem.),  one  of  a  class of nitrogenized acids somewhat
   resembling amides.

                                  Amicability

   Am`i*ca*bil"i*ty  (#), n. The quality of being amicable; friendliness;
   amicableness. Ash.

                                   Amicable

   Am"i*ca*ble  (#),  a.  [L. amicabilis, fr. amicus friend, fr. amare to
   love.   See   Amiable.]  Friendly;  proceeding  from,  or  exhibiting,
   friendliness;  after the manner of friends; peaceable; as, an amicable
   disposition, or arrangement.

     That  which  was  most  remarkable  in  this  contest was . . . the
     amicable manner in which it was managed. Prideoux.

   Amicable action (Law.), an action commenced and prosecuted by amicable
   consent of the parties, for the purpose of obtaining a decision of the
   court  on  some  matter  of  law  involved in it. Bouvier. Burrill. --
   Amicable  numbers  (Math.), two numbers, each of which is equal to the
   sum  of  all  the  aliquot  parts  of  the  other.  Syn.  -- Friendly;
   peaceable;  kind;  harmonious. -- Amicable, Friendly. Neither of these
   words  denotes any great warmth of affection, since friendly has by no
   means  the  same  strength  as  its noun friendship. It does, however,
   imply  something  of  real  cordiality;  while  amicable supposes very
   little  more  than  that  the  parties referred to are not disposed to
   quarrel.  Hence, we speak of amicable relations between two countries,
   an  amicable adjustment of difficulties. "Those who entertain friendly
   feelings toward each other can live amicably together."

                                 Amicableness

   Am"i*ca*ble*ness (#), n. The quality of being amicable; amicability.

                                   Amicably

   Am"i*ca*bly, adv. In an amicable manner.

                                     Amice

   Am"ice  (#),  n.  [OE.  amyse, prob. for amyt, OF. amit, ameit, fr. L.
   amictus  cloak,  the word being confused with amice, almuce, a hood or
   cape.  See  next  word.]  A square of white linen worn at first on the
   head,  but  now  about the neck and shoulders, by priests of the Roman
   Catholic Church while saying Mass.

                                     Amice

   Am"ice,  n.  [OE.  amuce,  amisse, OF. almuce, aumuce, F. aumusse, LL.
   almucium,  almucia,  aumucia:  of unknown origin; cf. G. m\'81tze cap,
   prob. of the same origin. Cf. Mozetta.] (Eccl.) A hood, or cape with a
   hood,  made  of  lined  with gray fur, formerly worn by the clergy; --
   written also amess, amyss, and almuce.

                                     Amid

   A*mid" (#), prep. See Amidst.

                                     Amide

   Am"ide (?; 277), n. [Ammonia + -ide.] (Chem.) A compound formed by the
   union  of  amidogen  with  an  acid element or radical. It may also be
   regarded  as  ammonia  in  which  one or more hydrogen atoms have been
   replaced  by  an  acid atom or radical. Acid amide, a neutral compound
   formed by the substitution of the amido group for hydroxyl in an acid.

                                    Amidin

   Am"i*din (#), n. [Cf. F. amidine, fr. amido starch, fr. L. amylum, Gr.
   Meal.]  (Chem.)  Start  modified by heat so as to become a transparent
   mass, like horn. It is soluble in cold water.

                                     Amido

   A*mi"do  (#),  a.  [From  Amide.] (Chem.) Containing, or derived from,
   amidogen.  Amido  acid,  an  acid  in  which  a portion of the nonacid
   hydrogen  has  been  replaced  by the amido group. The amido acids are
   both basic and acid. -- Amido group, amidogen, NH2.

                                   Amidogen

   A*mid"o*gen  (#),  n. [Amide + -gen.] (Chem.) A compound radical, NH2,
   not yet obtained in a separate state, which may be regarded as ammonia
   from the molecule of which one of its hydrogen atoms has been removed;
   --  called also the amido group, and in composition represented by the
   form amido.

                                   Amidships

   A*mid"ships  (#), adv. (Naut.) In the middle of a ship, with regard to
   her length, and sometimes also her breadth. Totten.

                                 Amidst, Amid

   A*midst"  (#),  A*mid" (#), prep. [OE. amidde, amiddes, on midden, AS.
   on  middan, in the middle, fr. midde the middle. The s is an adverbial
   ending, originally marking the genitive; the t